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Leighton Lluelvn 








vol. xxxiii. 
Leighton Lluelyn 




'. . -^ ■-; 

/9//f 7C 




G. A. A. . . O. A. Airnts. 

J. O. A. . . J. O. Alobi. 

W. A. J. A. . W. A. J. Abcbbold. 

B. B-L. . . . RiciuxD Bioinu.. 

G. F. B. B. . a. F. Rnemu, Buxu. 

M. B Una Batksok. 

R. B The Rrv. Ronaui BtTin. 

T. B Thoius Batks. 

H. E. D. B. . The Rkv. H. E. D. Bluuton. 
G. C. B. . . G. C. B0A8B. 
G. S. B. . . a. S. BoniABE. 

E. T. B. . . Mtsa Bbablii. 

U. M. C. . . H. UAKyEsa Cbichkstbb. 

A. it. a . . Misa A. M. Clbbie. 

J. C The Bet. Juua Coopbb. 

T. C THoMpeoN CoorsB, F.SA. 

V>. P. C. . . W. p. CODBTMEY. 

L. C LioxEL CcsT. P.S.A. 

G. B. D. . . G. B. 

It. D KoBiBT OrNiJip, 

J. P. E. . . J. P. Eahwakeb, F.S.A. 
C. H. F. . . C. H. FiMH. 

K. G RicuiBD Oabsett, LL.D. 

<i. G QoBiMM Goodwin. 

A. G The Bkv. ALBUstiEfi Qobdok. 

B. E. G. . . B. E. Geaveb. 

F. H. G. . . F. ai>-[>EM Obooub. 

J. C. H. . . 3. CUTHBIBT RaUDBK. 

J. A. H. . . J. A. HiMnroH. 

T. H The Ret. Thoiub Haulton, D.D. 

H. F. H. . . H. P. Heath. 
T. F. H. . . T. F. Hehdebson. 
H. S.-H. . . The Bit. Cahoh Scott Holland. 
F. J. A. H. . The late Ret. PsoFESSOit Hort, 

A. H.-H. . . A. Hdoheb-Edohbb. 

W. H. ... The Be». Wiluam Host. 

B. D. J. . . B. D. Jaceson. 

B. J. J. . . . The Rev. R. Jilnkis Joneb. 

C. L, K. . . C. L. KisaaroRD. 


J. E. L. . . Pboiesbor J. K. Ladobion'. 

E. L Miss Eu^abeth Lee. 

S. L. . . . . StntjEY Lee. 

H. lb S.'. . Hahos le Stbakoe. 

J. L.' . . . . SiB Joseph Lister, Babt.,D.C.L.. 

LL.D., F.R.S. 
J. H, L. . . The Rev. J. H. Lcrros. 
£. M. ... Shebiff Maceav, LL.D. 

J. A. F. M. . J. A. FOLLEB Maitland. 

L. M. M. . . Miaa Mii>j>letom. 
A. H. M. . . A. H. Millar. 


N. M XoBMAN itoa^K, M.D. 

vi List of Writers. 

G. P. M-I. . G. P. MORUBTT. H, F. B. . , B. PAlUlCPHtMON Shjhp. 

A. N Albebt Nicholson. W. A. 3. . . W. A. Shaw. 

E. T. N. . . E. T. NrcoLLB. ' C. F. S. . - Mibs Fell Smith. 

O. Lk a. N. . G. Lb Guts Noboite. G, W. S. . . The Rev. O. W. Sphott, D.D. 

F. M. O'D. . F. M. O'DoNooHCB. ' L. S Leslie Stefbek 

H. P Hbkrt PiToN. I C, W. S. . . C. W. Sutton. 

J, F. P.. . . J. F. Fathb, M.D. J, T-T. . . . Jiueh Tatt. 

C. P Thb Bkv. Cbasleb PLtns, 0. W. T. . . Tee Rev. 0. W. Tjiscock. 


B. P Ulaa PoRTKR. D. Ll. T. . D. Lleufeh Taouia. 

DA P. . . . D'Arct Powkb, M.B., F.R.CS. T. F. T. . . pROFEaaoR T. F. Tout. 

W, R-L. . . The Bbt. WiLLUM Reinbll, B J>. E. V The Kev. Cahoh Vesablks. 

J. M. R. . . J. M. Rroo. R. H. V. . . Colonel E. H. Vetch, K.E. 

W. H. . . . . Waltbb Byb. ' A. W. W. . A. W. Wabl, LL.D. 

L. C. S. . , Llotd C. Sandebs. M. G. W. . . The Rev. M. G. Wathns. 

T. B. B. . . T. Bailey Sauhdebs. C. W-h. . , Cbables Welch, F.S.A. 

T. S Thouab Seccome. ! W. W. ... Warwick Wroth, F.S.A. 




Leigh ton 

Leigh ton 

1649), |iliy>ii?iAii aoA (lit iiii-, wad ilmc«nd«d 
fom Kn KOFii.-nl fnniily wli'it-h powMwd llw 
Wtat«>>f t'lviJiiivi^n, ui^r Mniitrovp, nnilnrM 
Lbocnto Sc>>tLui(l nb<»it l-K*^. ili- i>i<idi«d 
^ tto tmUenilyorSl. Aiidmwii, and j^^nvlu- 
ilwl M. \. S«nlin^ in liondoo lit* br«ameit 
1 i-actiiionnr. thimfiU intcnliotivl by 

! j>' lit I'lijmifiAiu KB nol fUHicivlillj 

aiiaiilii^. Ue in •p]iBiviitl;r tlus ' Alexander 

liirlit'in Angliu Luadinuiun' wlio wa* sd- 

ittrd K itailont uf [.PTden Univfniit;? on 

_ S^C 1(117. and sulMKjwnllT cradiintnd 

M.D, Hum (PlUCOCK, S*y. T^IJf^rn StuJentt, 

Oil. In IfSi tui ^ublitbod 'riuviilam 

Hi 8acri, or tin Looking Ohaa of ilie Uoly 

fa,' a book agtintt RooiutuiB which in- 

^Toln^ him in mncb inwfcJe. Some yuan 

bi- gnvpiuvd a jietiiioB to parltanieat 

at efiBCutfaey, (■> which h« obtuned 

ay,inll(U!BUal Hgiwtunx. Ha took tliia to 

( Mnlineiit and (dtpaiMUd it into a book^ 

a Ap[inil iitbK rarli«ni«iii, or Sian'»PU« 

aid*! tliiF I'tvUcic,' wlikb waa publiahnl 

^ Ifnltami in 1038. TIiiifroati^i<cei«prt)- 

■Btwi tb> bi^bofn in an odMU* ligflit, and in 

I wntb ibwlf.anMi^oltwrabiwtn epithets, 

are ciUl«d Bvn of blood, ib« trumpeiy 

' of ABlichnM, enemies to God and tbn MaIo. 

Tbe book wa* not only a viruli-nt iiitock on 

r, IkiI *»n appeal to polilinti iirmby- 

awni lo taki' the ■word in haad.' 1 >uriuf 

Hda waiilgnco abroad Lt'isbtun was OTdtiiui>d 

{Mmli 16l)9) aDd inducted to the chsiw of 

■aEngliahfiharch id U tivebt, bin heivhiaed 

b> ke«y the Christian fo*iivkU %* oboervcNt 

tb«n>. and after sit nonib* iv«ign«d and rv- 

turned tn Loadon. BatidM hia Mneturca on 

•fiiaca^y. his Tiolont abuM of tho queco, 

101. xiini. 

whom be styled the 'dau|;faler or h«JI, t 
Canunile.aod an tdolatruM.'nuilKiLdjhloD 
ftnMrkednwn. Copioa of' Sion'* Ilea 'baring 
Allan into tlM kuu of lh(- BulharitiM, he waa 
•eiwd, 17 Fob. 1630, in the ad of leariug 
Blackfrian Clinrdi, on a nammt from the 
Iiigh oommiwion court, and druggtsl to hVw- 
gvM, wben he wna'cfapt in irana' andcact 
tBto*alo«lliBOia»aiid nunaoa doghole full of 
r*t« and mice,' aa he dewribM it. In Juna 
following he was tri«d by tJio StAr^bambar hia abMooo from Mvcrc ilkieM.and 
WW wntnnood to pay a fina of 1U,000/.. ui be 
di>(niidrd &*»iiholyardenttobethiHihn>ugbt 
In thv pillorr at Wnitmiafler and whipped, 
to have anuuf lii« etur cut olT, one udoofb^ 
n')iM> slit, and hia face branded with S.S..fixr 
«ow«r of MKlitioa, to hu thnn carried baek to 
priaon, and aA«r a few dayn to b« piUorJed m 
ChMMide and whipped, to bsro bw otW ear 
cut olF and other noatril alit, and then to be 
imnriaoned far lib. In the'Epitome'of bla 
BuBi-ring*, nubliabml in IS4S, Leigbtoa state* 
that wben Laud hoard th« «ent«iicu be ' off 
with hia cftp, and lioldln^ up hi^ liaads nvn 
tluLiilu toOod,whuhaJ|{ivciihiiii iht> victory 
over his Mi«mie«.' Ou i Nov. IdW be wai 
brought before the high commiMli>n court, 
whrin hi! deolinod itc jiirisiiiL-lioii nnd refused 
to takn ofl'biii bat. Tie wjia iLt-n dpifraded 
from ordure and wnt hiwii to |>rison to nwnit 
the lett of bis ■•'ntuDC!>!. but. r>u ihu oi^rht 
before It tnu to baw b«vD oxeciili'd he mudo 
. lus eacape by the h«]p of two of bic cuunlrv 
men. Livingstone and Andemon. A hui^ uiid 
' cry wha •nntoul. iti whii'h ho wan dwnrilwd 
; aK a man of low siatiirv. fair comple:ticiii, 
yi^UoiriiJi beard, high fon'head. and Mtiran 
forty and fifty jcara of age. He waa cap> 


tured in Bc^tlfordsliire, and oii '2f> Nov. the 
firrt pari of liis syiitpin:^ wb* iiifliclf'il 
ebnckiii(t barljarily, Thr ••■com! pnrt npjipur* 
tu hnvv lii'^c lymlttiMl.o^ it i* not. mi'ntionoii 
In lli« ' Kiiitfuiir' (t.f. (ixiiuiKim, I/iit. vu. 
161 n). Coiwiioioi) lo ihc' ' IHoot, where he 
WHS inoJt ermiUy lined u Icmg limo. bL-lng 
l(i)iY'iJ ilnf and nisht auium^Bl the iiiost <lv^ 

E;rut<.-lv wlki<d viltuitm of vu wh4l>> union,' 
D ramainiKl a prisuuer 111) Ilj40, wWn he 
yriu reieiiipd by llii! Long pnrliomont, his 
fine nitici'lk'i!. mi:! tl.OOOA votml him in crna- 
pendnltoti for hiit InwiM und iatiiimaa inuit- 
tni-nu In lli4'J hn wu kppointod koepvr of 
lUrnibnlh llni)si>, t.hitn turned into a Hiate 
pri»on, oud ihouRh hin liuolcli wiu Bliattered 
no lived till liMH. Hi! wtui a puritan c>r lhi> 
nnrrowtil lype.dud iu tuutroversy a mnn of 
' viuli^nt and iiuijroverncd hont,' bin he wna 
ftTuinlilt- It) bin fiimily nnd friimdii, und, tt ia 
said. 'vrnJt novi>r h^nrd to ippiik of his porae- 
cutom but ID tcrinii of compnuion and for- 


LoiKblon WM Iwicv niaiTii.>d, bis SMOod 
vUe beinK n dsuKbii-T of Bir William Mua- 
gnve of CumWrlaud, who had been twice 
A widow. He bod four m>m, J«m««, Bob«rt 
[q. vj. Elishit. aftwwurds Sir Eliuba [q. v.], 
nnd Cab^b, nnd t.wndnuKblani, Elixiibi>tb nnd 
SaiTpbira. A portrait of Leirfiton in nrpservcd 
in the print room at tbe British MuBriim, 
'weamif(aikuUcap nod* collar in un oviil' 

llrtiug'* SsiitUh VTritunii Nfol's Qisl.of iho 
Pnrilana ; Uwin'i Life of Milton ^ 3leTeni>'* 
EUuof SeoHinK (;hiip-li. Hmicnlilm : ftirdliinr'* 
Hial. of Engbuid ; Grangnr'i Biuf;. Ili>>t ii. Igl. 
IBll O. W. S. 

1874 >. rditor of 'Tales of tbe BoMcrs,* was 
bom nt Uundco in IfWO. After diKtinguisb- 
in([ liimiwlf at Itundi-e aca.dMn_v be siudiM 
raMiciDe at Edinburgh aod M^ttU-d th<?rt% 
fir«t working ti B lawjr^r'i clerk nud tbcii aa 
a m&n orieit«n. Tlio 'Talesof the KoMurs,' 
a eerie* of »bort sttiri^fi, oiill popular tinong 
the Scott lah piMuantrv. was projnctcd at Do^ 
wick -on-T weed in lft.ii hv John MackayWil- 
Mn^q. v.'.on whojedi-atliin IsaShiibrDtlipr 
conljniinl tb<? work for a limu. Bhurlly 
■fttfrvrards aa Edinburgh publisbirr nnniiMl 
Sutburland beeaiix? piupriutor, and Lt-i^'bton 
was appotutAd editor ud chief eior}' writer; 
tbc wne* wM conpliud ia IfUO. lie re- 
MiT«d MiiMaiiec from Hush Millirr [a. v.], 
Thomu QillMpio <I777-IS44) [q. v.], and 
othenL Roading wid«lj be had mn oxicnaivc. 
If not T«rT ■centaie, knowledge of many sub- 
Jmu, incdading meia^TaLea VxA Mpeciatlr 
Hame'iphilonplir. Be died 24 Dec 1874. 

Is 1957 Leii;»on K-edited the complebi 
'Tale* oftbe IJordon,' u»d tbie wd« reiimied 

it) li^iht-t, 1S69 (with additions), und Ib 
IrWf*. Ill I«i0-1 li« piibliBhfd tw.> H..Tiec 
of •Curious Storied Tmdiiioin uf Sooltisb 
Lifo,* in ISftl ■ Mvpl«riout Iji'|tiinil» of I'Miti- 
bur0h,' in IrtfW 'Kbdlbiini/n nnvrl, and in 
1807 bi» iiili-reirtinB ' UomnnCD of thn Old 
Town <ir Kdinbur([b,' UibcTtif bi» worlm are : 
' Mvu und Women of History,' ' Ji'phtluUi'A 
Dauubler,' 'A Uivlionary vf R«ligionii,' and 
a I.nitn metrical version of ItumVe tioiig«, 
which Carlyle praised. Varion* wriicre 
■iibtnitted tlioir lH)ok« !<> bix editing, nnd be 
probahlj wrote wbnio volumM to whicli 
olbpr* profixcd th«ir nnmcu. 

[Iitiilj ScottiinHn. it Vat. IS7(; Irving'! 

Einineut S^oCamon.] T. B. 

1855), artist, bom on I! .March It*i.1,wa8 son 
of Stephon Iii>i^bton nnd flolcn BInir. hia 
wife. .\t tliii ago of foitrtaon hu was ap- 

tirenticucl to a nilvat^onftravor for scvi-n j-tiaw, 
lul abunduned ciigmving at iho^ud of his 
appruotiGOHhip. Hi' ulvrayii devoltKl liiaapara 
time to drawing and the ntudy of anatonij-, 
and becamea*tiideutoftbelIojalAcsd(-my. 
He painted portrait* and ll((are-pi«o«*, aad 
WM an Dccasional tixhibitor at the Kofel 
Acadnmy. l,(!iithtonal«ipriwrtiiindforn timo 
in lithopnpby, and worki-d with bin brolhiT, 
(ruorgo L'arnll Leighlun, iu the chromu- 
liTliiirrfijihir rinnillimi of hmitliUya Hnitht^rs. 
Luigbtondiud on 6 Feb. IS-V*. a^'d >tl. He 
married, in .\pril 1840, Carolini>, d«ii(rbtor of 
ThoinasBoosey.muaicpublifln-'r. bj-whomhe 
left two dauffhters, and a mn, Kdmuiid Blair 
l^ilfitton, who ho* obtainud mean diatlnction 
ns an ariiat. 
{I'rintta laforotation.] L. C. 

LEIGHTON. Sir ELISHA (<L 1686), 
ainrtit-r, wiut ibe youiigvr »on of .Alexander 
Li-iubt-m (l&«H-('U4) [q. v.] During tbu 
civil war lie rose to be a colonel in the 
royalist smiy. wa« artvalod in Aii^t Ui-l" 
at Kin^s1on-fln-Tluimrj>, nnd inipnsancd in 
WindeorCaetle^ and nftM the kia^c'i execu- 
tion ho joined thJeirijaUiit part j abroad. Tku 
lluke of BuckiliKlnnl took htm into bis em- 

Slov (iVrcAoAn P^itrt:, Cai&d. Soc,, i. 389, 
of). Ia the autumn of 1648 th» Dukp of 
l/nmine sent bim to Engiland lo nnUit (ol- 
<linni for tlin royal caum. On hi* pnuciM^linai 
Iwcomin^ known to tlie council of «latf, hi) 
waj dc»elT examined in NovumlR-r of that 
year, nnd warned ibut he wan likely to be 
prooeodedai^iUitaMaapytCn/. Stale PtiPT*. 
Dom. 1041M>0, p. 899). In December IfUM) 
CbarUs appointed bim eecretanr for En^liali 
alfair* tii Sbolland (tfitMat Apfr*. >- ^^06, 
sot, 313). After the battle of WorcoMnr bo 
eeceped to Itoltcrdam with IJuckinghun in 

Leigh ton 


104) {lA. \. 377). Ahn %l>ltn)t a 
Ami wiUi SUior Nidiouw ArRMXvr in Bm- 
tmnt (A i m), ha wu Mot in Juna I6&S 
1*7 DoddndhsB %o Londoa with » aealeJ 
lQ(t«!TdtRcC•dtaCrolDvn^U. Tbc oauiuol of 
Male rtfcued (<■ liuvo t(ibiai,KaT«liiaiback 
tlte htit«r. nnil i>Til«rv<l liiio to Wve the 
fountfT- williin a CRrlnin time (OiJL iSrivf' 
/•o;>^i'», Dooi. ie.M-2. pp. SBG. .-WS, 31.'>,3i:, 
Sai I, Rlnnwhr-m liT U mpnrtpd (o lian> hnd 
■ tW'> Iioiim' iotrrvii'W with Comwnll, wUo 
'bwhJ himwiili mon-ihunoftiinaiTcomioiy' 
{yirJtetff t^prn, i. 301). After bU n-timi 
to A-nlirirrp be k»j a bad iUneea, became 
WBipMWilT iiiMtie, nndon hUncovvrj tarneil 
RfnuR cailiQlic (tA. i. ^21 ; CXrtrmrfm &aU 
Pnprn, il. IBS). In Juno IBW b* deMrt«d 
niirkinKbani on thq piwiiiit ihiir tli« dnlm 
did sot 'tightly HibBtit to the kinx' («i. lit. 
137). Ue nubacqiHaitlT became ■ccrelatrto 
the l^ulieof York.aJad<"aal[nigh(ed at Bni»- 
wU in Aprii UWO fLe Sbvb. Pnli^rtf* </ 
JiR^A/i, llnri.Sjc.. p. 4I>. AtlbuKostora- 
tion b-'ma']>-hi»|Wflr>-wilb lliickiii|£liaiii,*n<l 
wBJi in<loliii-d lo bim for miich pn>f'!<nn''iil. 
Up prfwrndwi Ijord Anbignr torfloommnnd 
hini'Merbiriilher, ltobcrt'i|.T.J, f<irnbi»li'iprip 
in lOfll. Dn :^ AllrilliUMhewlliitiindrdlir- 
n( tie ■etTBtBriea of tbe priio olfio- iC-if. 
Stalf Pltpa-4. li«ai. I6a»-1, p.l>7i;. r:,.,,!. 
iilan reeniBaeaiM hisa to ID« uulv-i- i 
Cl*nibri(lp>fortbe(l*cr««ofI.L.T>.on|:> M<i> 
leea iA- I>ob- IIWJMS. p. ."^IV lln wm 
■ppointeil ana of tbn kinir'* cdiiiim'I in the 
0(1 miraItT court on IG June of ih«t vent (il. 
IHim. IAB4~]mo, p. 427). aad wu n.lmiitert 
« civilian un 3 April IflM (CooTB, Engii*li 
Cirili'i'u. p. !■!). lie made a THn-iiidifTciviil 
•dvcK-at' ^PnrTM. A*™. «*1. lftl»-fl, iii. 43i^ 
4S7 ). WWn Ji>lin. liwd B«rkeUy wf Slratioa 
[q. y."], wtnt to Irdliind in IITTO hh li>nl-li«a> 
lAMOt, faa (Amw Ixiinhion fnr bt* (nrn-tarr. 
I^if^tnnronirired totum out nf thRl>iibliii 
rtwporacifn the revonler and aoveral of the 
pnndpal aldenneii irbo were known to bo 
offMMod to tbv RoDiidi pany. Iliii ' Speech 
at iho Thol«el1 of Poblin ' waa printed in 
IA72; a coaj ■■ in iho Ilodleian i.ilmr^ at 
Oxford. Iirthnncnnlrirrd hi* fivn appoint- 
■cat M roeorder, kdiI m.Tiv<><) ■ pn'tPTit. nf 
Btonev from tho ciiizcni (llililiis, L\fe of 
WiilUm III. pp. 9»-lt). In 1676 be acootn- 
p«nied Uerkelej on bia embaaay to Fmnce, 
nA, wktla ftnanffinc far tJie rviiitutiun of 
THi^ captsred bj rrtdKli priiralcen, took 
bribsB from *stviy qoArtir. A warrant was 
tnned tat bin nmid, but b<< nmitnsvd to *>tade 
it. Ho dind in the |«rub of nt. Andcnw, 
Holbom, on 9 Jan. 1084 -S (PfobaU Art 
SmK p. C. C, m^T,. r. so t>). and wa« bimod 
in thi» cbarcb of Honlnl Kt-Tnes, Snsiex, 

l«a\-iix^' a dauflit'n' Marr (will, P. C. C, iS 

Cnnn: pHiitilox, U/tofU. Lei^tim.y. W). 

N^mb (RttiHUH. p. -1>)0} and Burnet {Oam 

Time, OxS. wJil. i. 292) ^re Uigbtoo a 

nuMl itnlaToiiTablo dianctor. Vtfj* vpoaka 

of bim, at woond hand, aa bavinff boon 'a 

nud fi«akinK fetlnw,' th<iu|-li bo fnimd him 

, ' one of tb« Ih-sI (roupauioiiB al a me»l in 

lbeworld'(i>(irry,ii.3M9,4L*tl. iii. !.'{:). U« 

bad a turn Rir mvobaujca, and iHM-niiivF.It.S. 

on 9 ])»c. Itbia. but was ^Kpelled in Itl77 

I (Ttioiiwx, Uut. of Rujf. Sae., Append, iv i 

< li*U of JUv. Soe. in Brit. Moa.) KvdyH 

went to Ko bia ' prninct nf n cart with iron 

axle-tn««' in Si-ptcmlier KWIS {Di/irt/, ml. 

I8i*i0-:f, iL 8f>), lie anpnmilly i-upliumned 

Eliaha into ' Elli<.' 

[La«^ MemorinlU. p. 107: Ktupx Piipcrs 
(Camd. Soe.], i. dl. IDS; Ruiliworthi HLitofipul 
CoUoelioiit, ii. T7I>. 79-' ; Iliiriu't'' (iwii Timo 
(Oxf. (d.).i. £S3; MumT* Lifp'if K. Uit-liltin, 
p. 301 n. : Cmc'« Cat. Ood. USS. Bibl. BodL pt. 
V. faac ii. p. THQ.] G. O. 

TON", lll;NItY id, U-IC). bi..h<Ti mcona- 
*ivi-lj- of .Mnmy nnd .iberdppii. wan the son 
of Hcnrj-and Jonetdcl.icliton.nudbelijnged, 
il i« !iijd, to tbe lA-i|f1itoiu of Uaan. For- 

Inr-'iire. Brfure |.lt-I bv WW pgjvon of 
Iii!''i- rijin-'iirv, [iiiil pBuon Bud rhanter 
'\ .I'-' .1 I i.'in f 'oiliwinil. I.L'iifblon, 
ii.m ,li-..rilpiU ;i.- ' l.'gum doctor et buxalan- 
Tnii»ind(!C-r'!lls,'wii* nl«ct«d bi»boe of Moray, 
atidwiu (■ua«!cmtcd 8 Marrb 1414-IAnt Va- 
lenlia bv Iti-ni-dict ,\!It, lieinn the third 
biiihap oi Mcray in nuccta.iion con»ecraled by 
tbeniMnope. On ths death <if lii«iir>>de- 
c«M0f BImou John Innet [q. v.] the ohnpt«r 
bad reaolTM that tho now Diabop should de- 
voto a third of bis r«v»nuo« to thenwtomtion 
ofthn cathndml, wbicli hnd bficit burned in 
1390 by Alexander St.-aiirl, tho Wotf of 
Badenoeh. Wbilo still liitbou of Monty 
Ifttighlon pnieiili^d t» thecatbi^dTalof Aber- 
deen twoiMirtofepiacopal^VM and j«welltKl 
imagosof St. Jainm and St. Jolui. Tran*- 
latod to Aberd<wn. probably in 119.1, b««ioon 
displayed titnilnr niiiniflrrnco lhKn>. ItefidnS 
i hi-*towin|t on hi* church muny liooka and 
rontly omirni'-nt J, rucorded tn ita inventorie*. 
be wa» Iha buildvr of by far ihe (p*aler part 
of tbe existing eailiedral. The nave with 
ita Miith aitile. flue poKh, alill finer wrat 
window (the 'Seven Si«ter«"), and weatem 
lowers, not tb* spires, w^rn bt* work; and, 
plain aa Ihn rnlhcdml i>, it* (iji> and tba 
admirnblo luitnbiliiv of it* atyk to the in- 
ira^Tlnble firanitc uf wliich it in cnrnjioiieJ 
fairly entitle him to a phice am'in|[ thr pvat 
cliurch-buildenofSoouand. Uemadeotlier 
additiuuH to the c]iiaoopal letftoice, (^ta- 

Mlkkbf alilwr Um taAofff paUM or iu 
gmasda. A mm qurtioMU* tnuaetioa 
wu llie inoTirrMua ot the lercniiBa of 8t. 
Peief'i llinpitol to tbc tn>int«BUW« of liii 
l^le Mul the Miipoft of two diaiiUiiU ol St. 
FKWr in ilw catMnl ; Sm Uus, however, he 
G^XAuisl tl>« OMctioa of Pope Eageaiu* IV 
ia I4&1. He w«e em^ojred on meajr diplo- 
netic HUMiofw— to England (to ■mruv for 
tlw nwaoai of Juwh I), to Kome, to Fnac« 
(lo Innt of tlw narruga of ibe tn&nt I*riD- 
<MM of SootUnd witli the denpkui), Mid in 
Ui old e^ be w» appointed to medtUe be- 
tween tb bctiow of Cncbloo. tbe cban- 
ObDMi and tbe l,ivta«Bto«M. BedJedUDec. 
U4(^ and itm bariM In tba nocth inneept 
of hu cilbednl, wben, thoufli nnothur'* 
«llfy baa lunrped lueo)ouiun<nt, hi* qiitapb 
naf etiD be md. 

[BigMtnm MoraTiM**; RMbnoM E|«ao»- 
peiaa Aberd«ttPMiai fonlen: Lealie; Boeeo'e 
Vll* Kp*Knp. Al>cr<L; Grab I.e.] J. C. 

LEIOHTON, Hi:NltY(<r.l«e9).Pre«di 
•ckiltr, • natite of Sootland, waa cbleAy 
cdurjued in Prance. In l&U be bore a 
ooanunlon for the kin^. Oii I Xot. 1612. 
when noeethan iwveniyper>oiM wern crraicd 
H.A. \>y cnsimand of Gurin, Ltigklon 
adroitly contnrfd to obtain tlie deforce by 
pniwniiaK bJniMlf at diwk. altlioiigh Lu 
tmmv «-at nut on iho litt. Wben tliekiug'a 
oaUMi (Uclintd, lie ti-ttltd at (ii;ford as a 
teacbiTof t'reiieh. He'll?! bv fallingdovni- 
ualn ill .St. Jiihn'n Oilti-icv, where ha bad a 
miiB allownl him, on 2'^ Jan. 1666-B, and 
traa tiiiried llii' iirst dav in St. Qili.'e'i 
Cliurcli, <l»fn»il. According to Wood he 
m* a niaii of ilvbauabod ohuncter. 

He publialied for the uae of hia nup!1e 
' IJngiin CUIlien addieoendje Rerulie/ sro, 
OxfoH, WAt; amillicrraition. \m3. 

[Woocl'«Fiu(i()ion.(lnl-iXit. 20^01 WocxTa 
Mr* and TlnKi*. ed. Clark (Oxf. Kixt.Muc.). II. 
lAO ; OrilVthi'* todnt to Willt aI Oifojd. |i. as.] 


LEIOHTON. BOBERT n611-l«84), 
Bn-lili<>!iup ot Glaegow, aei^oiid ton of Dr. 
Alexin itlor I^igbton fq. t.] }ij liin flrtt mar- 
riait'*' *'■>* '^rn in lilir,]>mbiilil)' in London. 
In I'll.'* Ii" wiw tiiai to tlie iinivonitr of 
KdinbUfKh, niid plnciid under tlin cam of Sir 
Jainae Stuwari 'if (liiodtniM. I>r. I^ighlon 
Mtreatod 8tr Jam*«, in (lie pretenoe of the 
jroiiih. 'to train him up in llio iruepreebjr- 
Utfiai) form, aDil Itobwrt wat alricily eojotiied 
with bi* felhur'e bteadn^ to be iteadv in 
that wav.' Tliouftb ' aceoanted a taint tram 
kin jouta,' during hia fiisb MMion he enu- 
tribuliHl thnfollowinit linea totomemlirical 
venee writtMi ]>y the aCudpntii on Aihun- 

hMd, the proToM of EdtabniBb, wbo had 
defrived ibem of aoiBe bolidaja: — 

nai wtiib fai*MMe ioiMRa ■■ fatael^ Mid, 
Thai of the «ak«D vDod bi) baad n made : 
tat «b}P, if it bad baMeoMpoaad m*. 
Bla trnmiuf aoa* bad ftivd it long ^ix 

He was oeiaHnd tor tbii effiuoaD. bat in 
a letter to bis ' hind and loving Fatber ' be 
tell* biiB that Principal Adaaiaon and the 
n^Bta tfaoDfbt bia ofleaoe * not m heinous 
a tbin^ aa Iw hiowelf did JusiIt tbitik it.' 
At a later period one of tbe wofeeear* wrote 
to Dr. Let^itoa conmtnlating biin ' on 
baTtnc a son in wboa1Vi>videnoc bad mode 
him Moadaiil coapMuatiati for kin inflcr* 
iaga.' He gradnatpd MA. 28 Julj- 1031, 
and waa tl>en sent hy fait bihvr to travel on 
tbe ooBtinenl. He spent wveral yian in 
France, and waa often at Dooaj', wbere Iw 
bad lelaliTn* amonjr tbe RoBian catbolie 
elcffiv. Uo thai Jpamed to apeak Fruncli 
like a native, made hinwelf master of l.atin, 
Oieek, and Hebivw. and familiar with all 
bnnelweof theoloKical litfrniurt. He wbk 
alto pTMtly altracied by tbe piHy of tbe 
JaiLMiiielp, sikI bi» iniemuTse with tbem 
gave a permanent colonrinff to hi» relij 
ehancler. Soon after fab fathei's liber 
he returned to Scotland and was licented J 
tbe preabvterv of Kdinbur|[h in July ISlL 
Un 16 Dec. ioUowinir h« wtu ordained bj 
the prealiytery of Ualkeith. and indueted to 
the parinh •.'( Newballle, of which the Earl 
of Loiliiati, a real mis covenanter, was patrMU 
Thvre were nine hundred commnnicaals 
in the pnridi, end beridee Tihiting; end caie- 
chiaintf hi* flock and attending ihn fnviiient 
meclingaof prmbyterjr, l.eightonliBdBlwi^ 
to preach twice on the Sunday and nt UmS 
once during tbe week. Nearlv all his tcr* 
mons and expoaiiions were wn'tieu nt N'ew- 
battle, and his fame as a preaohnr uf a new 
I Kchool who wrole and spoke English unde- 
fllnd snrtiul fur and wide. He took no part 
in {lubltcT niTnir* at thin lime beyond wbat 
WOK rfr^uin?!! in the diitchargo of hi* official 
dutim. lie hnd warmly approved the na- 
tional coveuaiil, but won leM enamoured of 
] the tolemn league, and JLililieil ihi! way in 
. which it was imnosi^'l. hi 1018 Ix^ Vas 
I plac»d in irrnet ilimrulty by tbe opDosilion 
of the church to the re^Ktliit ion of parliament 
, in favour of the ' Btiipignroi'nt..* Innttind of 
, readinr the declaration iitr"'"*^ '< himnclf, 
I he mi^e biit iirecentor read ii, and when 
taken to ia»k he «Hid it wiu contrary to bis 
I intention, hut that he was suffering firnn a 
I bad cold. He was mildly censured by his 
I brethren for not altmdinE the general n»- 
Rpmbly when it hod tbis businset on liand, 


Leigh ton 

■nd wben obli^il in rrlniki! ' mgntcnni * in 
In* own ckurcb, bn cxboricd iIicid to repent 
of (be bamonlitid of wbicb tbej bail btva 

S\Hty ilating tbe «]H>ililioD ' nitbout mrd- 
iog Willi tbe qiiAm') ou ibv groundt of 
llwt war.' lit URi2 ibe sjnod of l^tliMB 
•rat liim ui London <wliicli li« bad titytn in 
IW liahil of vwilinii anniully hh long u bin 
blb-rr lirnl ) to *id in vlTi-riiDt;tli>- lilicniioti 
of iIji- Sniitiil) mininrni who hud Ibth cup- 
tured at Alrlli and Wonrrttr, and wcni 
pnHinpni in £ii;,'tiuid. Uuhu^ liix al»i-ria', 
wbicb lu>t(.>d from Maj- tilt Demiibvr. hi> 
■■lie up Ilia uiiid to rwign biacliarge, [xirilf 
Ml accoiuit of t]ie weaknims or liis voiop and 
tb* iit«l« of bb Imlth, but miiiiiljr b«<c«ii»n 
of tli«< itrbiam in tbit Hiinrh bolwixt lb«r«- 
•dittinnnr* ami (be pnitmiitn, and bMkiMo 
I* otttlil w> Uiugvr with a Rood cumcience 
obej thb iignnctMn* ilml wi-rr laid upuD 
bin. T1i«pt«t>l>;rl*"' >< ■<'^t ivfuirdiuHciM^pi 
Ut reBiKBalion, HO'i afki^il Li>rd I^illiian lo 
Vfebim lu ivmain, biit wliili* ilii* niait«T 
vat {irnding lbi> Inwn iy>uacil of lulinliui^h 
•Itirtnl liiro priiKi|ial of tbn uDivi>r«ilT. (In 
3 Krk l4i>S.t lio wni lofiwl from lii* cbar^i; 
atalvnleriHl up»n tbi-dutimnf hlancwolGce, 
wbicb be ducbarftHl for tbi.' ntxt ntn« yearn 
with tbe gmluii abilitv nnd siicceM. 

BnidM tli« Drincipalitbip L«i([)iton h«ld 
ibfl pom of pn>rMMrof(Uviiiilr. OnSiindaj' 
naminca bo pniarhtxl bvfora lb* vaiytiKtj, 
■nd look lua mm with otb«r jinxbaKn ro 
onndoctitig an ancnioon mtticc. One* a 
we><lt he pfiMcbcd l» ibe dudentii in Latin, 
■nd many of tbp towatpeople flotlied to ibis 
(erTic«. Diinuf^tbv long cacaliun L•^ighton 
bcquenilv vtvM to l»adon, wlivre lit- laailu 
lb" acqiuiiilaaoc of Cromweir^ ronriirti, 
and aonwtinie* to tbo continent, wh^W ho 
mcwad hi« iniiraacT with the Jnne-Tnitli, 
Though takinfi lilllo pan in mu'lMiiutic-Hl 
■&ir>, be was appointed n raembrr «f ibu 
P9MEI*] aMonbly of l<I6.'t, wliii-'h wus <liit< 
pnaed by Cruaiwelt'it oJlicnra, and h<r en\e 
thif e€nvMnw to thi? •>tud»ntaa« required by 
■tending law* of lb» elinreh. Piiring th« 
twMity yittji* of bi« niini»tTy and principal- 
flkip (tiabnp Itnmerl njn ihnl ht^ llvml in 
ibn hiffhrai rr-putotion that any man bad in 
bj* time in Scotland. 

Wbenepitcopacy wasmlored in 
aecvpted Ibe cbai^. lie was a Utitlidi- 
auun in tiirti mattrrti, and i>fT«n »peat»d 
tbe MTin^ ibat relipon did not conaift in 
external nuittwa, wbether of eo^'ani&iviit or 
wo««Jiip. Tbo cMUiinclioii of *n »pi»copal 
to him beat, and h« aaw notliinii in the 
eennanl inconsidtent whb the union. Set 
fema be (T«leTr»d to oxteBporc prayers, and 

he WB* well Mliaflod wiib Ibe liiurvy and 
c«re]n<ini«a nflhochurvh of England, but bo 
did not with tlwin >trietly iropoHil, and od- 
voo«t«d tbe ftallMt toleration ovrn to Itooiao 
eatholiu, quakna, and boptista. Tbe offor 
of a biabopric waa nude toVim on tbe anpU- 
cnlion of bia biotlier, Sir Blidha Lri^liton 

ti). v.], who bad turned Itomau catholic luid 
ad indnrncq at (onrt. llnMytthni In- hod 
thi- Mrontfeot averaion to nccoptine tJii- dtlicn 
tlut ereriM! had to anytbing in all bis hfo.but 
hie oppotitiun waa overcome bj' tbe urtfcncy 
of tb« king, and by tb« bupe that a« bwli<m 
bemieht be useful iu promoting tb«p«a«<n 
tbe conrcb. The Scotiifth prusbyiera wfio 
ware eoiuecniied in Kii^land in I'tlO werw 
not re-ordainml, bnt ibi(iriuinra*t»donnow 
in tbe caae of Ij>iglitonand Sharif who wvn 
in prvsbTlerinn ordan. Uoth of tlicm ob- 

C^ird. holding ibuir pmioua ordination to 
valid, but in tbe end tbey gave way and 
wMillbmugbthecereinony priviitely,<boii(;h 
Th«7 knew that tbe bifilioii wbo perfonued it 
nuiant one tiling by it sod tbey anoihtr, aad 
tliat thny wern comnromiung the intorMM 
of tbcir own nnd other reforaird ehiirchca. 
On 15 ))«■, IfiOl they were con«eeraled tn 
Wealmiaster Abbey wilb two olhcn" who, 
]ik« tbem. hod tuken the coi'enautA. Leigh- 
ton at hia own rcqueat wat appuiiiit'd to 
I ><iiil)Iane, tlie smaUWt of the Scot* if^h ilio- 
CMM. Synod* and pretbyteriM wvnv afV«r 
a briefinterruptiainnatored.battlidrautbo' 
ritv wa«now derived from tlir biidiopo, which 
bad not boon th« riu>e under thi* epinoopacy 
of 1(I10»^8. Tlio ■ Itegider ' of tbe >ynud of 
DunbtBni> during Leighton'a opiacmut* con- 
lainaiheanbaianouofUschargecL Year after 
year he ur^l unon tbe clergy rev>?rence in 
public worship, tli« reading ol two chapter* 
nnd a portion of tht< p«aller at each wrricc^ 
nndibiMiwiof tlip Ixitd'i l*ray«T, Creed, and 
(ilorin IVri, the prt'ncbinif of plain and U'te- 
ful lemioni, the ri'Rulur vmilaticm and rale- 
cbiflingcf ibeirllix'li-. tbprwilonilionof diiily 
Krn'ice in cbiircb, and hIiov-.- nil li'ititii-i^ in 
heart and life. All ihe dirrfri', ^icpt two or 
three, and ihegreiil body ol' the p.-i^J.^undor 
hi* chargn. roiiiornml, but in ntluir dioot*oa 
(rhieily in th>^«iiithandw«[l)nmuljutlurd 
of the mininlera rcfiuod to mbmtt to eiHM»> 

Ccy, and the work of persecntion bt^^. 
igblon, who uid be would nthM be lh« 
meiuui of makini; one peraoa wHoua-iuinded 
than tho whole nation oonfonniiia, waa to 
a^rrieved by the nicaanr«a taken t]iat in 
IwAheweni lo I/iudon and tendered hia 
rengnatioo to tlie king.Hdltng bini that the 
proceedings ' were «o violent that lie could 
not concur in the planting the Cbrittion re- 
ligion itaelf iu auch a maniu:!, laixdi \)0* % 

Leigh ton 

Leigh ton 

I of si>v<!miu«iil.' Tlif: \dag rpfuwd to i 
pt hu mi|^Minn, and proEnucd lo jiar- 
■un k mililcr policy. In June 16tiH tbo firal 
'inilulpiDor,' wliitkallownl tlivpTMbjUriaa 
> ailui*t«r* tu n«uiiu) Ui<.-ir (lutiue on een&in 
Ittwililioiu, WM ffnntr^, and was aoocpMCl 
1|Y tlie moat eminent of tliem. To juMify 
tlia indatmnco, which vt* coraiilainird of by 
•omaof tlii>cpii>co{>al pandas illniial, and to 
autliorui! other paci Be iiieaMir«a,tli«tiealli«h 

SirlUmonl in NoTembcr 1069 paMcd an act 
wil&rtiig th« tfXiMiul KDvemmcnt of the 
okurcli an u)li*i«nl riglit of the mwn. 
Uiid«r this act Aleitand»r Ouniet, archbishop 
llu1)tniUM), and hU rww itm nffarad 10 Lcightnn, 
who acGopttuJ it in thn hopo ot rcconcilinit 
the pteabjtti^riajia. With thcMuietioin of tho 
king he arew up pnipoMhi of ■ accommodi.- 
tlon,' which placiHi clw «c(-lc»ia«iical power 
in praabytanM and ajmods with baiihops 
mpMy fw pnrnianoiit moderator*. No oath 

rof nnnnicn) obcdiOTM to itiiini van t(i bo 
niquinxl, and raiKiator* who wcm proiby- 
l«run by comictioa wt-n- In ht fret? to dt- 
cIam it. ShvithI conff rvniyv wcri^huld wilh 
th« teadinf nn«brteriiiii i-lenrv from AueUHt 
IO70tilll1 J«n. 1671. whentW^avo tVir 

I flnal aniwiir that thn; w»n: not fn>o in rnn- 

' tcioiei: to uiiitn no thtitormipmiMiiird. I'pon 
thlt Lcighlon Mid: 'ItiTforc (lad and man 
I waah my hands of wlialvr^r eviU mov rr- 
mllt IVam the ruptiiro of thin tr«My. I Wve 
dnnn my iiimmi lo repair the temple of the 
Lord.' A* ho could mnhri no pm^TOM with 
ill* prMbjlvrisna, and nfliiodod many of tint 
•plaeopal party, and ■>■ none nf hii own 
(■lericul friend* would acn-pl TaCHiit bisliitp- 
rics, tliedi*poMl of which tht (pverniutiul 
bad flnlnislcd to li'im, he dnvpsired, and eonl 
in hi* nitiitnutionin 1(173. ThnkinKpmniiw'd 
to allow him lo rvlirp at the und of n y.-nr 
if hill mind wu thi'n unchatiui^d, and his 
r<ui|jnatlii]i iiii>> ncci-pU'd accordingly in An- 
oint t'^1, llrwi'iil InicIi to thn uniTcriilly 
pr l-;duiburgh, wh«To he had alwayi hpjit 
Moma, but iwin rvmorcd to BrundlLumt in 
Unrvtrd Keyn", Sumci, the pmiii.-iiy and 
b»mi- of hi* Kialvr. the widow nf Kdnnrd 
I,i|rhtm"lfr. Them lie npi-ni tin- fi'mniniler 
of hi* lifi- in xliidv und dtivnlion, in worlu nf 
mercy aiii'inu tli> j'lwr, and in praa(!liiti|-niid 

I reading I'myiTu in l li e neigh bvurln); eh urchnt. 
Brxin nni-r llin murder of Sharp nnd the 
rininir* ol Urmurlop nnd Holhwi-ll llrid^, 
Ih«< liini: wrol« lohiin thothnwiu "reaolrcd 
W t ry wliai cl«iiiMicy could prevail upon such 
in Kcotlaiid oa would not conrorm lo tlie 

taifmmcnl of ihecburch there,' and doairi or 
iin lo ' go down to Scotland with hi» flf»t 
ooBfvnlamiy and lalte all poasible pain* for 

persuading all he could of botli opinioue Ut 
aa much mulualcortef^ionilenceami oonoord 
n» conU b«.' L«ightoa waa willing lo (Utd«w 
uke tliia aniHion of Pmox. hot evwnte won 
ledloaehangeof poUcT. In l6Mlieweaa 
uji to London to meet LarI IVrtb.tbeSoat- 
luh eJiancellor, who, throufifa Bishop Bur- 
net, bad Mrnertly de>ir«d the heoefit of liM 
apiritual adticv. Itumtt n-os aiirpriaed at 
findiof; Lei j;)i ton Mi}imiig-h»lnng and active, 
but he ivlti him thai * h« wa« twrj ant hil 
end for all that.' The next day he wa* 
aeienl with pleuriii'T, end on ihe day foUow- 
iuj; — i-* June — he brvalliinl hi> lout m Itui^ 
nei'n annit nt the IMI Inn, Warwick l^aue. 
lie lioil often r;(piUBrd tlie witli to die in an 
inn- He wiu imried in theehaaoel of the 
church of lluniled Kfvnee beeide hie bnotbeTt 
Sir Klialia. His n ill i* printed in ' Itanna* 
tyne Club MiscflWy,' toI. iii. 

Ae Mint, nulhnr. itud ptiiuwmnlier. LeiKh- 
tonpreMtitaacoiubiiuiiinti ofqiia lit iua which 
haa cnlled forth almott unrituUed trihotaa 
of admiration. Thomiu ik Kenijiid war one 
of his favotirite boolce, and the ' imilalioBOf 
L'hrisl,' whoee darling virtoe* h« Mid wen 
humility, meekneea, ami charity, wa* the 
bu«inewof hi* li&>. lie shrank from every 
iipprnnch to onientation, end so far froM 
cniiriinKlhefichesaod lionoucn of the wo»UI 
ha tnriked upon ihiim withiomt'ihing of ho|jf 
conteuipl. On accepting the bishopric M 
taid, ' I >ne Ix/neflt at lea«l will rieo nom it. 

I shell bTcxk thai little idol of wtimatimi 
my friiinds hnv>- for ni-*. and which I haw 
biisn so lonR sick of,* Burnet never anvt bis 
leiujier rullled hul oncc duriiiR tweiily-two 
veuro of clone iuliumcr, nnd cuuM not recol- 
Wt huviiiK ever liearrlliiin Hiiyen idle word. 

When rt^niindnd nf his frtr r xitiI for thn 

nuliiiiinl covcniint, h'- rejilii'd, ' W'bon 1 wa» 

II child I hpoke us u child,' and wlicn rhiirged 
with u^Listu lining from hin father's prin- 
ciplee, he meekly aiifiwervd tliat a tnun woa 
not bound to be of hi* falher'H ojiinionH, He 
woa habitually ahstomious, k"|)t fiwjuetit 
foate, aud often shul hiniwlf up in hie room 
for pn-iton^^ed punuiU of privule devotion, 
l^vorything that he oould epare wnn given to 
pioua piirpooef, and he employed others ne 
the ui^its nf his i-hnrity that he miirht not 
gvt (he credit of it. lie founded bnr8nries 
mndn soma permanent proviBion for the poor, 
and lef>, his valuable library of more ihon 
(ifleen hundred volumca lo tnedergyof the 
diocefi of Dunblane. In hia ' Rulon and In- 
atructioni for a Holy l.ifu' we have on id«al 
which perhans tends too niudi towuntamye- 
tioitm and nhatraclion from the world, lie 
printed nothing during hia lifetime, and gikve 



Leigh ton 

dinwtirMUlliiit tiL* manuivTi|ils*lii>u)iliiat be 
pabli<<hcd, liut tii* tittet irat pcnuad«d lo 
^T« llii^ni to llt'i world, Btiil tliev hare ever 
Mww hftd ■ lo-uoiierfitl cliam for tli« lown 
W piMf ■»!) learniiVi >n<l lIio«p in all coin- 
Buniona vrbu tre laatt coinpetvtil lo juiliiii of 
thi'ir oxiM-llfiior. Tlie flnt «(lili>T una Dr. 
F»U, ('DCppnin-itMilof thcuninoniilj-nrfllii- 
pilr, wbo imblixli") l>'t^l>i'iiiV uirm'Uiii kikI 
mniDPtiUiritv, *tiil InuinUlioDa of hi> Latui 
Wtutt« Mid wMiMMt, in iMialtnunis b«- 
<'.M---ii IfMKsnd 1708^ Tlion Iwv* Wn nunjr 
I iiDQi ■KliiioH'' i»Dt« or Im« muipluie. it 
iiiiint uf nhicti U nrnt in An ajipcndix 
III WvU'a nliliuii, Lonoon, 187rK Ainnn^ 
bilurr Hliiioiu luay hv nu-nttonril 'Imt of 
JVwrx'ii, liOmdoM, 18SA| «id of AiknuB, 
K(Iiiil>i>t%-l>, 18.1t. 

[EkiriMt* Uiit. of hii own Tlmai Utm \>j 
PruwMtandAikoMUBMauilloWorlDi. Irringi 
H-."-'- Wr-l—n., Onat'ii His*- ol VnW. at 
K ^ iMtMD* from LfJKhtMu with 

X.:- I NMllon : Ktudii;'!! DiOTji Proc. 

t^^'.iil Ani«|.>>l>icutUnd,Tol.i*.pt.ii.pp.'(d&*q.: 
K«^. irf SjDial o< OnBhlnar ; NolM Kod QiwtIm. 
3fTl Bcr, i.ri. puillD : Bfilith aail KorsiKn ' 
KtsdsvI, BcTiaw I0$3 (' BibliDgmpbr of Areb* ' 
Uabufi Uisbina ').] 6. W. S. J 

LKIOHTON. RonKItT ( lSi.'2-ieaO), 
SciillUli ixrt, l..m ill Duiidn* 20 Feb. lt^£f, | 

lB2t*. In IH31 liiii moihiT wiih nurri<il lo » i 
fafwtvnamnt t1i-iiiiuR.<'ir Haul Fniir(()ii,Fife- | 
ikiri'iVlicre l^ii;lil(iri>o^airmlili«kQuu')mlg« ; 
tfterHKrds uit1i-«>l in litti * Weo IfcrdLoon.' | 
41n )iix iii'ii txr'' iImIIi IB 183ft be fwttlwl 
k^tIi Ii:« I.TnFti>-r WilliaB. a «liipowiii>r. in 
]>ti!>i|i--i. n!i<'t>i)in|jf ibn Mkilmuy thrrc till 
IKI7, when W ctilJTid hi« bfotlirrV nflicw. In 
Wii" :t b>- w.-Hi n»i'i'J ilic world nii a siij«r. 
ill one iif Williniu Ix^sht-ic'i i)ii|Hi, 
II.' Sydnv.T and n'luniing W ValpaniiHi. 
]|< ili'ii *nt"i*i| llw ••■«!(:* of ihe Ixifirloo 
■nil XnTth-Wi-'ltni llailway at Prwron, 
Kki-rv hi> marrvnl in IrVXI Miu Jann Camp- 
U-tl, <Uii|thtnr of a mtinxl ScotliAh m-Iiod). 
nuwti>r iMiilrtit in I.ivorpnol. Hi* wife I* 
tha 'KIim' uf his draiBitie and r«fflrciivi- 
yaania. l-Viinl6ollul86eh«iaana|^atAyr 
m braucli tiiuinms nt a linn «f l^rerpciol wed 
aMrvliantK. In ISA8 )i^ vi>iii<-d hi* brntb^r 
WilliMn, wlin k*d sctibxl ill .ViBorica, and 
««tMi|Umlly Irnvr-IW fi>rthi> l.ivorpool flrm 
iBibi-aKricnliiirnl dixirirt* of Kiiiirliind.Srot- 
land, and Irrland. In Uattb 1*417 lu- met 
iritb an aoridcnt nrar Youslial, and )i««anie 
• hrlpln* invDltd. Ilr diisl •( LivprpMit, 
10 H>7 1W». 

Bcmv l»tS I^Mton bul cotitrilMitrd ' 
' Th Thf»* Vi^i'OBa' lo JerroW* '.^hilling 
Hagaiiiiv.' In 1M1> bo wroto for a Dundrr ^ 

paaapUvt wtTcral punnu und 9.}tip<. nne of 
whi«b, ' Jhhuj ilandiaH'ii Caiidy, U,' woa w> 
seaently ming Uiat it «a«tly iniproTed tii« 
M«in«M it m>1»bnii«d. In 18fid appvanid 
Toon* by Itobin,' and in 18(11 and 1860 
' Ponnu hy KobnK I^ght<iii,' lliiiiwMndiMua 
beinti an pnlnijciMiii^t of ila pradaocMOr. 
■Sixjtcli Words' and 'The Uapti^owmMit oT 
ihc Hairn ' wt-re iiublialipd in a pamphk-t in 
IHIV. Itotb am clevi-r vlthucuIiit p-x-ma, and 
tlie weoiid in not onlv a drull uiv but abwi a 
•liTowd criticiNn of •'^otiiili CalriDUtio nar- 
rowmtui. In InTJ a pamplditt nnpearwl.i-ou- 
taininca Duiiil>)<r of picro*. of irhirJi lh« rbiof 
wvrr 'The Ijuldla'a1.anifintMionontluIi«M 
a' luH Whittle,' an «arly caatpaaition whidi 
Ijeif^hton vtat faauiiu for nvitinff. fiA 'The 
Orntvuary of Kobwt BuniB.' wbiifli Li^ighton 
rvctlvdat ilMATTntbpriiig in INW. L««k''~ 
ton'* comptiite woniR tti* tncladfid in the two 
vnliuuo*. • llnibon and olb«r IVxnii*,' 1875, 
and * ICn^xdi nnd olbnr Pocoit,' 11480. ' Knu- 
ben ' in a cliuet dnunn, bright nail riHoroiu in 
chancipiisuiiun, nn'l liiilit«l "ilh mdodiuua 
Irciu. Wnliiiglo Willjatii Irf'ightonin 1871, 
Emiinon paid a bigli cumpliinpnl to L«igl 
ton'a ' jiiinty and manlinmi uf ihmighl, and _ 
ill* d«ep moral tone wbi«li dicIaM vierf 

^nfonniitiaa from I^gbton'a ton, Mr. 

Ldshton. Loavatott ; Bicwraphy pn-fliod 

Soolch Wordis &f, ; Chritlian I,«vUr, 30 Aoe. 
IkBA; Uraal Wilaona I'uvlo and Pwlty of 
SootUnd.] T. B. 

lOlll.priui aud cumpoMTTfUf I'laab in Shi 
tibjiv, i^dtftrt *oa of William Leifhton (11 . 
IflO'l, nnn of lb« council oi thn vftHA 
Marrbni, br Imhiilln, ilnuelilvr -it ThoniaA 
(hitlovi* »f l.»ncl(in, nx-rclianl, wiu nt tlia 
ncc<«Hcm of Jumr« I a fi?ntleman>pMiaia 
1I« publiibed inprsiMof bin majeMyanadii''^ 
lalory vatta i-utitled ' Vi^rtiu-Tnumpbaotf Of 
n Lit-clv DrAchptiuu of lliu Fovre VarluM 
Canlinall ' I London, l<!U3, 4lo), with copiauj 
inai)[inal reforvncM to tbo bibwi and cUmIc 
nDtMtm.BndBnalltuuontothaautlior'R'da _ 
^roundod root of Uii duteoua l«u« ' to hi* lab 
minlrrM.QueiiR Elinbelh. ltwB«prob 
in n*(iim fur tbi* that hi.> nai kiiiKlitcd oal 
as Jaly IfHKL In IWS Ixrigbloo ira« me 
for dvtia by Sir William Harmon, two yuan 
later vm »uiUnwl, and wu aulMeqnpntlj' 

Ill Jnntinry lOtS bf> publiahrd nt London 
'Th^Tpar** or Ijinipnlntioni of a Sorrowful 
Soiilu,* dfidir.ulivl to l"riiiw Cbnrlpfl. Some 

rrefatorr vcrten br .\rthiir lloptim (1588!'- 
liH) [tve under HuPlox, Silt AHTiirH] are 
iujvrlmKi to * my eudtnred friend and iiiil*- 
Diaii, Sir William Lei^bton.* la VU« "mvw>- 

dDMMD to tli4«e ' liimiM* mad fmta*i aou- 
neta ' lie Mjt : ' I inioDd ... to diTulJae verj 
tgeaitlj IB print ■onic tvoM Hwioall AyrM 
M»d TiuinbiR Aecoiri».' Tkb nonUw wm 
fulfHlnl liTiii«Bppi«raiic«)nlOl4oravork ! 
boarinK that litli.-, I he music being (L^acrib«d ! 
•« comtHciHl ' bolk furVojYtM »ik1 •Jiiien tn- 
ftntacniA.' Tliift ujiplim to III^ Hnt put nf 
tlie work ooly, wbicli coii«i*t« at *conH>rt 
Kni|[a' fiv four void^ii widi ariH>iii]wtii]iient< 
for ft tnUe viol luiil n luli^ in tabUtaiv. The ; 
ftrsl eijlil piacm only atu bv l.cinlilon- The | 
rentftinuie onw nra by titr Icodm); English 
•Bi] AB^&*IUliDii miuickns of llifday. In 
tbe intmdoption lie writ™ : ' Sojne of tlw 
miMi iTxcpllrnt miiniiiuiu this Ag»c«nitlf(>nl 
hauD in thrir lour to iii« eompoiiKl . . . 
miulirke ' L-x|)raui1y for (he V'>lum<>. The 
•Mond anil ibinl pwts of the work coMiit 
of WMCconqMiiied pkit^ong* for four oad 
fiv« micML Ltfighton appvan to bnw bi-en 
felill ill priMn at ilw timo. The work in pre- 
ttettA br Mine dotun ^bort pocnti id uniw of 
tiio aiitliar by ratiou* friMid*. Jui%in|- by 
tlw 'lonft fttlfliidiiiiee on Hi^jeiiii-- in tli<- 
Kn^liib Court,' and tJne 'nunjr 0xiramiti«« 

ntuf •>|>jrivHuin< undani^ii^ >° )>■" ^''''^"y*'' 
of vhicli be wriiHB in hia * Miuicall Ayr**,' 
Lei^biuD mu»t bavv beNi aa e1d»rljr mui in 
1014, and caimot therafor* be idDntienl with 
thi< 8ir WillUm l.nii^hton whowiu irnntinud 
in the TowtT in |i'..'iM-B (^Rawlimon MS. A. 
07). t^^hton hnd a ton and two daiig:liter« 
bv hii wife Winifrvd, dauRhlcr of siniun 
Itarcourt of Kllcnball in StMrurdn1iiri>, SbH 
died in 101tt. Oopiva of Leightaii't tbrue 
bookt art) in ihr Brili»h JIuMUm. 

[HMley M.SS, 13S« Hnd 13tl ; Cmioq MS. 
ClAUiliiuCiii.: Addii. MS.1I1SP; CoUwIanMi 
Top. I't tInnAal. V. 'it)i; Miropibirii ArcliiHilog. 
Soc.Tmin. ii. 203.) A. il.-H. 

Sootliab poet, bom at Dundiw 3 t'eb. 1A41, 
wta«on of Ditvid LeiKli'oii and the nephew 
of Itobert Ui(fhtnnllrti';'.|iHi!l»)rij.v,j Ilii. 
motliarwu I-Uixn)H-tii [duIi'-.hticI liiH nir:>lhi<r'i> 
iliiiIr>r,IIol«inlnglii>.ii>ib''!>iiib)i'('i of u nii'iDoir 
by IliiibapForW of lln-cbin. When bo wm 
in bia aeveiith year l1ic> fiimily i>c-Hk-d in 
Ltrapool, nbt-re bo rL't'-.-iwd u fuir pduciitiuu 
and became a cWh witb h .S]i*[iiib tuvrobuiit. 
t'nnn |WU tJH liis dwilb be wii* eii(j"Ki'ii in 
H llrnxilinn boiiiw. Ili> dieil oflypbi-id fAvnr, 
'£1 iVpril \HfW, and iriui biirinl in Aniinid 
«Tii«'l«ry, Lircrpool. Thi-ro in n window lo 
hid iniiiuorv in Si. Aun'a Uburcb, Itroohlield, 
ll>lflLU<ile llhf, London. 

LiM(fbii'ii wrolo vcnti'" ul nn i-nrly nge. 
lluritig hi* liMl flvB yvnn be «ii> an iimva 
noinb«r of litOT»ry and debniinjc itni-lntien, 
■Bil conUibutMl poam* to tUo ■C'ompaiu,' a 

local liKwy panT, and to the 'Livpqnal 
Uepcon-.' lliacliiiM^r MBi«wbBI l«nlily uc 
cvpt«d fw Ibe ' CnnUiill MafuiBC ' liia ■ l.naf 
of^Woodnf." which Lcic[hton mMowhile, 
impatiem of editorial OeUy, bad piiblislKd 
in the 'Cotnpaaa.' 1I« gradualljr iiM4i«ml 
a flui-Bl and energMic uyle. Uoth bia aan- 
linwntal lyrict ai^ bia ooaaional piooo* an 
delicatdr and daintily Sbl«ImhI, and iiurh 
pomu Ki ■ EifchtiwD Ilundnd aad 8ixly-tw<>,' 
* The Soaiona,' ' Baby diail to-day .' and * lt<uo ' 
diaplay TVTT oooiidprabli! vnrsniititvnndpro 
miau. 'Poenmbylhe lain VVilliuin t.i^glitoit' 
appealed JM lb'(>i -Uymiu'in I ST:.'; ' Uaby 
diM lo-day. aad other I'obuu' in lr<7.'>. A 
oompM« (ditioD of 'The POoiu of William 
l^pigbton,' IS90, ha* a biographical pivfaca 
and u^voral illiinlralinniii. 

[IsforraatioQ from Mr. Bobart Laithlan. 
Lovrniolt 1 lienioir prtAMd to Potona. i>L 
1»3U.] T. B. 

(lSnl.">-l^-;i|, botniii-il, only son <rf WilliaBI 
I,, i^d' ri ly Luev M»ria,'daught«r anil oo- 
hii. - it .i")iii Allport of I'nwcot.nuiir Baa- 
cUiircli, Shropahirfi. Ilia fklber iraa tbo 
krrpiT of thn Talbot Hot«l in Shi^wgbury, a 
noted bouac inlbcoldccachinrdaysiaiid'tlw 
aon waa bom (buK on 1 7 May le06. II« went 
to school at the Manao on Cinntmont Tlill, 
Shrewabury. wilb Charles Ihirwin, vbo drat 
routed iii bini an iritemit in plants, lie wn* 
afterM'ttpds at tb'> WriUvrhamiiioti irraminar 
Mcbool.nnd in lr<:.'2n'i(«iinicl«d to a solicitor 
in Sbrnwabiiry, but on the death of hia father 
bo inboritfd n compnli^ncy, and abandoned 
the (ludyof thi? Inn- in favour of tlmcfaur^ 
IVocivdin^ to Cambriili^' bo matricnlaled 
Bt Ht. John's Cultegr, and gmdaatwt B.A. 
in l^Wa. Henslow, proferaor of botany at 
Cambridfce, found in Lpighton one of^ hi* 
inoat xeniouA pujiils. and Leigliton on liia 
return to hi* native town deferred onliiintion 
on por|>o*ii to dmw up a flora of S)irnn-hiri>. 
SnTnn yonni Intnr, in I'm, he brniij;bt out 
bin ■ I''lom of Sliro|«birp,' tUrt <lr.bln)r» to 
illunlrnio some of Ihu roon.- diftirult (rnmra 
lnMiiR from bis own hand. In IM.t ha wa« 
urdulnt'd deacon and pri[<st,unJ took clurical 
duty in hie birthplace till IJMtf, when h« r«- 
sigiied Iii4 ciir«, and iheiiceforvraid occupied 
himtelf enlirclv with botany. 

8oon oftor tbo rompletion of hia ' l-lora ' 
be bi'jfnn norkiiijf up tlic crypt oifnms. and in 
ISoI the Itay Society publiX-d bi» 'Angio- 
carpou«l.inhfnBi.-lucidftl«dby tlioir.'^iioridia.' 
From ihnt dule iinwan! upjienri-d numerous 
rontribulions by LeiffUton to lichen lircra- 
lure, of which llie i-nier was ■ Lichen Flora 
of O rent Britaiii'in 1871. This reached a 
third edition in |87fl, and ]«igbloD, find- 




iug soon afterwarda ihat the atrain on his 
ejeaight was loo great to allow him to pur- 
sue £s studies, gave his collection to the 
national heTbarium at Kew. He died at 
i.ucifelde, Shrewsbury, on !Jd Feb. 1889, aud 
waa buried in the Shrewsbury General Ceme- 
tery. He married, fint, in 1827, Catherine, 
youngest daughter of David Parkea, a Shrews- 
bury antiquary, by whom he left one son 
and two daughtere ; secondly, Urs. Gibson, 
by whom he left a son. 

[Shrewsburj ChronJcls, 8 March 1SR9 ; Jonm. 
But. 18S9, p. 111.] B. D. J. 

LEINSTEB, first Bcke of (1722-1773). 

[See FiTZOERALD, James.] 

LEIN8TER,EarlofQ684?-1659). [See 
Cholmokselei, Robert.] 

DYN, THOMAS, D.D. (d. 1421 ), chancellor 
of St. Paul's, was bom in Herefordshire, and 
educated at Oxford, where he became master 
of arts and doctor of divinity, and was ap- 

Sointed fellow of Oriel College (before 1386), 
ean, and afterwards provost (1417-21). 
UIb election as proTOSt was disputed for 
nearly two years (cf. Ttlbb, ffeary V.) He 
is thought to have compiled in 1397 aregis- 
ter of the college muniments, which is still 
extant {Coilegea of Oiford, p. 99, ed. Ciark). 
He supported the archbishop against certain 
Lollard fellows of the college. Two manu- 
scripts that belonged to Leintwarden are 
in Uriel and Merton libraries respectively. 
He wan ordained acolyte on 18 iub. 1390, 
ajid deacon 1392 (fljmVter of Braybroke, 
bisbopof London, ap.TAXNEB). In 1401 lie 
succeeded John Godmanston as chancellor of 
St. Paul's. He refused at first to vacate his 
fellowship St Oriel on receiving this appoint- 
ment, but seems (o have done so before 1409. 
At a synod held by Arclibishop Chichele on 
26 Nov. in that year in Loudon, proposals were 
adopted with a view to remedying the com- 
plaintoftheecholarsof Oxford andCambridge 
that they were excluded from rewards and 
benefices, and l.eintwarden was sent with the 
dean of Hereford to obtain the consent of his 
own university to these proposals. But the 
masters rejected the scheme, because it gave 
better benefices to the doctors than to them. 
Leintwarden died probably near the end of 

lie waa author of a 'Commentary upon 
the Episilea of St. Paul,' in fourteen books, 
•nd John Whethamstede, abbot of St. Al- 
bans, who highly praised Leintwarden in his 
' De granis typicis,' ordered the work to be 
transcribed for the use of his monastery. The 
commentary is not now known to be extant. 

Tanner confuses him with a contemporary 
Richard Lentwardyn, prirate chaplain to 
Courtenay, arclibisLop of Canterbury, who 
was presented by the dean and chapter of 
Canterbury, $tde tiacante, to the living of 
Aldington, near Hythe, in ihe archbishop's 
pi ft, on 1 Dec. 1390 (Couhtbsay'b jBf^iXer 
in Lambeth Palace Library; 1391 accord- 
ing to Hasted, Hiit. of Kent, iii. 463). 
This Richard Lentwardyn was collated by 
the archbishop to Chart'ham, near Canter- 
bun", on 20 July 1392 (i». p. 146). He was 
stiUrectorof Chartham inl396. ARichard 
Lentwardyn exchanged some other prefer- 
ment for the archdeaconry of Cornwall with 
Robert Braybroke on 5 April 1395 {Pat. 
18 Kic. II, p. 2, m. 15, ap. Lb Neve, Fasti, 
i. 398). 

[Bale'n Scriptt. Brit. cent. lii. No. 8; Pita. 

' De lllualr.Angliiv Script. App. p. 886; Tannfr's 

, Bibl.Brit.-Hib.; Wood's Hist.olUniv.of Oiford, 

, i..5i«3(autch), Hiet. of Colleges and Holta, p. 12H 

I (Gutch); Newtourt's Bejierl. Paroch. Londin. 

I i. 113; WitkiDs's CoDcilia, iii.381 ; Hook'sLivea 

of Archbishopa, v. 110, ed. 1867; informiition 

from Orinl College Archires sapplied by C. L. 

Shadwell, eaq.] J. T-T. 


(1804^1883),water-colour painter, was born 
at Glasgow on 22 Nov. 1804. His father 
had been a sailor, but about the time of 
Leitch'.t birth became a soldier. Leitch soon 
developed a strong inclination for art, and 
I used to practise drawing at night with David 
' Macnee, afterwards president of the Scottish 
Academy. After a good general education, 
he was placed in & lawyer's ofiice ; but neither 
. this euipioyment nor that of weaving, to 
! whichhe was next set, wasagreeable to him, 
. and he was apprenticed to Mr. Harbut, a 
house-painter and decorator. In 1824 he 
was engaged as a scene-painter at the Theatre 
I Koyal, Glasgow, and marriedMiss Susannah 
Smellie, who bore him five sons and two 
daughters. The theatre failing, he spent two 
years at Mauchline, painting snuiT-boxes, and 
then came to London, wliere he made the 
acquaintance of David Roberts [q. v.] and 
OarkBon Staiifield [q. v.], and obtained em- 
I ployment as a scene-painter at the Queen's 
, (afterwards the Prince of Wales's) Theatre 
i in Tottenham Street. He bad some lessons 
from Copley Fielding, and was employed by 
Mr. Anderden, a stockbroker, to make draw- 
ings for a work be was writing. The same 
gentleman provided bim with funds to visit 
the continent. After exhibiting two draw- 
ings at the Society of British Artists, 1832, 
lie set out in 1833, passing through Holland, 
Germany, and Switzerland to Italy. After 
I an absence of four years, during which he 

ImiI MfpnrtMl lilBarU luainli- In' Icadunt:, 
bail viHiad tliB princiMl ritin* of lul.r. *n<i 
HMJe nuiBirnnu ■ketclm tbrn ami in SiciW, 
hv raiuRird to Lawloi) in July IKIT. lie 
now <]evo(«l liimiwlf almoct rnliivljr to t«aclt- 
ing uid drawing in irali^i^'oloim. IIh Lad 
gmt iDFi-r«iuau«ci)fr. Mtny Baeaahtnat 
iht' arinriKtsoj wen aBaoag liia ^pil"i and 
an iiilrodoctioB by Ijad^ Canning ta tbo 
<|iiT>^ 1*d to hui mployniMit ai drawini; 
mwirt to bitr maj«sl}' and tlu! '^''' family 
(of two-nnd-twi-niy yiiani. TTm PnowMo <if 
\Valeawa^hUUatpup(l. Li-ilL-hocicasioiully 
■Mil an oil pidiire to tbu Koyal Acwl«nvy 
betwesB 1H41 and IMI, bui ii> \Ht-i l>« wa* 
elected a meBiber of tli* (now ttoyal) Id- 
■tittilr of raitilpra in Wati-r-coloiir*. From 
tbai tinii' hn (viotritiiili'd n'fnilnrly to ■I' i^x- 
ItibilJuiiD. bill [lid not I'xiiibi! cltewlx^ra. FuT 

•aiBiT y'»r« hi-lurv hi* dntb, wkii-li took place 
on S-'t Apnl lr<>^S,b<^ bad bixTD vicv-praMd«nt 
of tbU aocjety, nnd B txittbiiiuoua eallectinn 
of Ilia work* wai uxbibtted at lh«ir rooma in 
Piocodilly. Twonnlyorbiacliildmn iTirvircd 
him. Ill' (-Idiwi Mn, Itobcrl, a good wotvr- 
c'lloiir painlnr, diml in 1^2. 
Allb'iu((h iKili;nd(ivrcd with psiniordinary 

CiuN, Lcitcb wai a miut^r uf bi» an. He 
been daaeribvd a^ {iirbaiit tli«i last of our 
rCUa«ioaIUndiM:aiK-i>aiii1vrK,aiidc4>rInin)yib« ' 
4^ the grvM Iviigliab tMicbirn n( tnnd- 
Imw-painliniT. Ilia art wna luiH-d on n 
ftMolUid utiidy of nature and of ilio gfut 
Diaatm, i!«|>iH-iallT Tumnr in bi^ prime!. Hifi 
wnrhn nf ninrkwl by tlipirtrnici-fiil ooiii|>i)*i- 
tion, tbiiir [luru colour, and bnlliuiit rIk'Cih 
of alnoitplivre. 

Among lliti books illiisiralod with on- 

Cvini!" fri'in bi» drawing", nri! the Hrv. Hn- 
iWnUli'vfViiiMniiliiiopli' and Ihi- Turkish 
linipin-/ l---l>-,ih.^ Krv.C. N. Wrij-bl". 'Tbe 
Kbino. Itnlv. nnd Unncp." IftW. ibe "ame 
autbor'* 'Shun-* and lAluiids u( ike Mi^i- 
IrrmiiMii,' I HJ l.W illiuiu Hnn-kedon'"' ItaW," 
ltu:t, Sir T. It. Iitudir'* ' Memorial of llio 
Hoval rn^f^reM Ul Scollnnd,' IMS, and J. I'. 
I«ww)n'« 'Sootlaad Dolini'niiil,' ll^t7->4. 
Tbo akatdim in hix iHiuruioti ul bia ilmlb, 
mill n vtry f"w tini»h«l dniwiti(rt ami "il 
piciuni*, wrrv aold at (rbriMic'it in ilnrcli 
IWI, and brought upwards of l>.OUO/. 

rMaeG«ar^a'iiW.I,.lAllch.a MrmnJT: Brinn'i 
Dirt- (Arintlnng).] C. M, 

LEITH, Sis JAM^S 0:«»-l**18), !i«i- 
ti-nniit-^nn-rnt, n iiirinbi-r of nn old S^oltiah 
fanilly, wni lliirl ")[i of ,t»lm I^ith of Lpitb 
Hail. AlwriWiiiliin-, who innrrii-d Harriot, 
dati^-btfr mill limn-Miif Ak-.xiitiderSleuaTt uf 
Aiicblutirnrt, ami dic^l iu I'Uft. Jatnea wa4 
lioriiai lrf<iib lliill, H Aug. 1763. lie wm 

educated nader a nciraii- tutor, mxl nfii7> 
ward* at Marifdial CollcRt', AlirrdnTn. ami 
at Ibi! isilitarr •cbool «l htUe. In IiK) he 
wn« appoinlud Mwond lieutmanl in iht- UItt 
fanliiwa, and after ^rofiiotion ivio ibi- t^lat, 
or Aberdeutuliin? buddanden, oblnint-d bi* 
eoKMny in 17SJ. This reeiment w«« di»- 
buided in Edlnbitrgrb in ITat (Stcwakt, 
Sralti^ HigMHmtfn, ]-J)inburxb, li^S^ \nl. 
ii.t la I'M l>>ith wai P«<*>1 to lb» .'lOlh 
(iiol tbn ■'ith) f<«i at Uibraltar, and aertod 
as aidn-dti-eninp. first la G«n«T«I Sir Robtrt 
Cbarlea U'Hara'and Darid DnnUa (irSTi- 
16:M>) fq. v.] in ibfl oprr«Ikia» al Totikia in 
1793. He received a brevet majriTilT,aBd<ill 
i'l Oct. 17m wan ronuinRfiiOnoil an'mloa^ 
to raiee tli^ Alv'niiwn FaiciblnK, wliirb wore 
ombodiod in July 17B6 oj tbc ' tViiumi of 
Walr*'*, or Abnritnoabirv llijililnnd l{Ff(i- 
acnt n( Ffop.ible lufanlry.' Li-ilb eom- 
nnndedtlu- rcf^mi-ni in 17^8 inlretand.aail 
until il wKii ditbanded lbitr« in April IFUS. 
In tlie MDie year he wsa appoint^ oolonel 
of tlielSib battalion of Ibc army ff rt-titvn, 
and in ISOta bri|indii>r-Ki-niirsl. Afti>TM-rv- 
inv cotnc tima on thi> «inlf in In^iind. Ii«>th 
joined Sir John Moort'n army, nnd us niBiat- 
Hirncral corauianO'>d a liripul-? in ibe Ilinn. 
(8ir) John II upL-'sdiTiuon during ihitCoriiniia 
rHivul. wberi' be aigaatiaed hiuUielfl)}' bead- 
ing u gnllniit i-bar^ of llie A9tb in llw affair 
at l.uga, 9 Jan. 1»W. Ho afUrKnTd* took 
]inn in ibe battle of Coruima.nnd eonimnnded 
n brigiidi' in ibn ^Vnlirhnrnn i-xpnlilion. In 
tbo fiimmiTof IRlOliejoinwl the IVuineular 
amv. nod wiis ut lint )H>titi'd lij it briinde in 
!!ir Itowlund Ilill's diviiiion. vritb cliiir)^> of 
tbtf diviMon. so as to leave IliU'' hnndt fnie. 
Irf^ilhtniiiiniiiiiiedakidy of Itritiili ami I'oi^ 
liigunu, u'litfb l>i<r«ini- Tbi- fiflb dlvinioo of 
tlia army, in ihf linns of Tnrrc* Viilrnn nnd at 
Iliuuco. lliiiiiiToan1oflii>iban!iulbli>ni.'tion 
will be found in tbc ' Wellinj.-lon Siiiiple- 
ntcutarv UeupBtchen,' i-i. tlSiVi'. A tviuiiae 
of Walcberen fever iieL'eMilatcd bin r»tuni 
liomeonaick leave; liiit be njoined the array 
nfli'r llii- full i>f Ciiidnd Itodritcn in January 
1K12. nnd rommaiidnl llii 6tU\ di\iMon at 
Ibn lut tif-p:- of Itadajex. On Ibo niftbt of 
tbu iiHuuli cm tlw town l^ith'i division waa 
orden-d Iu innliL- u feint on tlitr Pardnlema, to 
be followed, if practicable-, bru r«Bl attack on 
llieilianVinueutebaHtiuD, TliiHwii^Knllnntly 
carried by e«r&ltule by Mi»,jor-gfliirrHl (••■oroo 
Town*br'nd Walker'* lirigadi-, aiipjioried by 
l.nilh with •omi- othm iroop* of thr divliion 
(Nauer, riiv. ed. iT. 11?<'1 •■■ij.) Ij^itb waa 
UTverely wounded at i1l<> hond ••( hin division 
in the d»]iomte fighting wilh ihu Fruitch 
centre about ArapIlMi, at the battle of Haltr- 


BMJKB, A' July IMlL' {a. ix. mi-7-J). Ho 
WBcta'ui linmr,aniliii IAMImwmiiuhI^K.B. 
fordittin^Ufai^coiuluct aiConiaiMfBuMCo, 
IhtiiB)ai«,MHl SkUmancit, wliere, in pvnonall}^ 
IfHinB ■ mrrf infill HmtTp-. ' hi* nii'Tl'r't'-'"'" 
or his penoaal Maff wen Mnnly wAiindiKl.' 
Be»lM> r«c«ivt^ ' booiMinblaaa^inKiitptiutiii' 
tohiahmtlyanBt in ooaniilarMiaiiurhiii*'-!^ 
TiCM *l Rfrdiijol nnil Soluiunc*. In ](<\S 
Ltitb brean)'- h liruiriuuit-geni-nl. n rank li*- 
itd ImM l<x-«Uy ID Spain and t'ortiignlMiM^ 
If 1 1. He r<imoi'<l ihp I'l-Qinaular nriuy <in 
SI A»f[. l^l-i.inodajiiWnirotbelltiAlaMiiiilt 
wrii.ScUstiBiitt'A. v.'J72-«)0).wIi«rvli«w«ii 
mhia division. 1 .villi, who wait loniiKirarilv 
NplM>Mlb7Majnr'fanoralAiKln)wMBT[*].v. . 
BMDUiMd with ifio nnojiOn the tick I'M, for 
■coapbofiMDatlDi, and thon went hone amin. 
la iMi ha WW a)>|iolDt>.-d coumaniler M tlu^ 
firrn in tbt- ^'nl ItiJiw aiid goventfr of 
ill*' I^i'iranl iplaiidn. Oiir«XiO«l N|ifDd«ICra 
il'iitr ttvtn Welliiijpi.H vi-ry co*dialI» WMi- 
~ iliiUlitii! Ijvith on oblninini; 'one IK tlie 
Mi lu>-nliTr no«iiii>n* in the ■rrrice,' liut 
M^-urcMiiw that nc nbauld eakulale liis i-x- 
|«oiliiun!(i&'t1ipt<iwn«t kmIo suilablr to tli«' 
tiliulion lie ocf^liien' ( H'etUitj/t'-if 1)^: vu, 
213), l^-itb nrntwl at Barlini)(>»« Ki Jilli« 
1611. Uf CHtried «ul tbe n^hlnntion of tlii> 
FtiDch Wwt India i>Uii<!8 lo llu" It"Hfb<'n»; 
bat on tb« »<'«■ (>f lli>' nttiim of Napaleon 
fmn EIIm mm) oflbo inlanda n^boUtcd the 
inootoor. In rviiurnuenen, an pxjiedition 
VHd«i>p*I<'b<>dfrumliarLa(l'Hu in JuDe]t<|l) 
■MUrLritb, lu MXturc tlie inlands on behalf of 
tlw iuait of FreoM. 3iUnini(|tiP nnd !tlari«- 
:e were rvoccupiecl without t^Jubk, but 
dplo«ii>e> there vh wiaie (Jiarji DRhlinjt 
^llic ptnri- (umadetwl on 8 An);. I >^ 1 &. ■> 
ilhafiTibegtiiMalpMcs. For h inner new 
.^ lfai« iii)i4ture thvDntifihfioromDicnl pm- 
MWrd l^^ilb nith • sword of the voluu of two 
tli0ilMnd|fiiitipa>; baalBa received ihegnnd 
Ion of uililorif merit fntoi LouIa X Vlll. 
h wa crated a G.C.B. (J Jan. 1*^11), 
Cor his IVniiMular »erri<iMi worn tlio Vor- 
iMe gisnO croMof tbsTnwrr and Sword 
lhasold<Tniu nndelanpfiirf^unna, Bu- 
MCO, B*d«ox, Solnmanc*. amt 6l. S.-battiBn. 
Jf.. .(;.-) r.i iiillcKB- fever «l Barbodui.'v, afler 
■ rev, 111 <>fi. 1818. Bitnevliew, 

t:i:.\...: ■. I^th Ha}-^q.*.],Hect«il«a hioi. 

[Cbamban'aEmiiitait 3ralini«o.T«Lii. : Burko'i 
La»d*d Oflntiy: Lnadao 'laitttn. vnderdntn; 
Mai-irr't Hiti- Ptniniabr Wht. fvt. «ri. vnt*. iil. 
It. ahilf. : Ounrood'* Wollinicton Dmp, tuU. it, 
V. vL »oi Tii-: WcMinctMi 
siii. : »oA (KttlnUrl* I^illi'llayi Narmlir* <■{ 
iIm Pxrinml^ War.LcwL ISll, Sad td. 1834. 
J foU.1 H. 31. 0. 

LEITH, TIlEonoitE FdltUES, M.I). 
(li'lt!-lel!>). jihyvicinn. M>eond lou of Jobn 
Forbi-» Loiih and Jenn Mnrrinoti, won bom 
in 174U in AbFrdeensliirr. He studied mrdi- 
eiu«> in thi» univerdilvof Eilinbuntli. wlinv 
h^KTn'liul>iiM,l>. ll'St'pt.l'i^, lliatliimie 
van rfMtl SI Ang. ITSH, nadwa* published 
at ibi* I'nivertilv I'rpM. It ia on ibe <l<>li- 
riuai of fever, ii'dedimtrd to>Villiflin<*ii1ti'n 
'q.v.' andJi>UnUre(tory[ij.v.',hi»in*iruRi(if», 
and BiKini none Hubtlrlr of djalinirliou aod 
of iiipinienl. H« practiMd at (ireennieh, 
and wkHelecti-d F.R.S.ia I'Bl.aud 20Juu« 
17H1 licetiliitl^ nf the Collcce of Phj^iciniiH 
oflyindnn. In li«rM(,nn tliodeath of liif^der 
brot lier, hii iiiheritml Whitehaiigh, Abordwai' 
»hirv, went to tvnide therr.nndlliert^IiBdird, 
afterbreakin^liiBcU<icle,<lSr|ii. Ii<l!>. Ue 
married Marie d'Aiboinu in l<Ttt,aud had 
•ix children. 

[Munk't Cull at Phy*. IL S«I ; ThoinHH)'* 
H>t.t. of Knpi\ »oe. : Tl>.«it.) N, M. 

LE K£DX. JOHN (1783-1618). wi- 

r*v«r, hoTBJu Sun Sirwt, Di«h(wrate. oti 
Jiuwi 1703, and 1inpli'>«>l at St. fiololpli, 
nUhopwnle, in SoMmnbor of that vnar, w»« 
MD of lVi«r 1.1! Keai by .\nii« iHrr, hi« 
wife. His falh«r, a wholoMlc prwl»rninnu- 
fuclurvr in |{i«lii>p>(piitr, wm tlie represen- 
tative of larf-e and Ruurialiinf; Huifiienot 
familir. Li? Kciu was nppreuticMl to lib 
father, but, ac^iiirin^ a tast«i for Migrsving 
fVnin Rn ^xporimentM praclira on |)«'wirr, ho 
tumtd hia attmtion to coppanlnCt i>n(rniv- 
ing. Id conaoqiiroco of tbia he irni Irniib 
Crrtvi bf hi* fatliCT for th« mnitiiiiniir yimm 
of bin apprentioeahip to James Hanm-t lie drat 
[q. v.% llie engrarcT, to whom lii* lir^itlier 
llcnn' hnd WenalrMulranpri^ntiCTd. I'nder 
Ilniiire l>e Kciuc uijuirtvl tlial jieculiHr •kill in 
arrhitecCiinil cneraviiig which chararlTised 
hisvrork. Ho deVRl<ip(<d n voryfliM' vet frre 
•Tvle in the line manner, and may Do con- 
•idered. pnbaps, the beat eRKraiu of hi* 
itf in tlie tiomowbat mechanical cirlf tlwu 
in voffue. Uie ea^avini;^ coniribtii«d very 
lication(>nf Jnlm tirittoii [q. v,],A. W,l'ii|jin 
'q. v.], J. 1'. Ninln 'i).T.l,and niniitar work*. 
lie pnjrraVMi the plalei to liijrrnm'i ' Memo, 
rial* of Oxfotd,' and publiahcd hitnorlf two 
Toluroea of (.n^'revinR*, ■ MemoiiaU of Ciim- 
bridge,' with teii by ThumM Wright and 
Harry LonguevtlleJone«[i|.r,]i»omeorthe«e 
plaiea were mibeM|iientl* Used for Coder's 
' MvmoriaU of OtJnbricltre.' He cnKravi-d, 
aftrrJ.M.W.Tumw, R.A.,'1tomn frnnitlw 
I Fnmmr (Isrdttiu' for HakrwiU'i 'llalv.'and 
, *St, .^Bntbn's .\bb.'T, l-Usbr," for Whiiaker's 
I 'UUtory of KichmondBllin^.* I^ Keiix's m- 
I gnvingx did much to disKmimxtt: a \.*xAa ix 





the n-Tiviilor Gothic arcliilectur?. !.(• Koiix , 
mnmeJ.eiiarSi-pt. l8W,nt S|. MnryV, I.nin- , 
beth. SbtbIi Sopliiii ( IMli lf^71), dnun'i'ef "f | 
John Lingurd, by whom In.- wn* fiilhor of, 
JoKn llcnryl^ K«ux 1,6. 1BI3), ufhomhiTileil 
bU l<tthL-r'i> skill iti ■■ufpuviti|{. 1a Kpux died 
rm 'J Apiil ItvKI. uiiil wiui burivd in BuiUiill 
Fltlcla Pi-muti-rv. 

I.B Kuia. lti;K«T (li^^r-l'^r.H), cn^nvnr, 

{■Miiiftcr brolVior nf tiic iibovf, wn* bom on 
8 June IT'^T.niiii bnplUivl ni Si. Piinnliiii'ii, 
Stflpiwiy. iiii wns umin-niiwd by liin fiillii-r 
to Junes Hosin.-. nnu wovlitd (or Bngirt mi 
the ' (.hiforJ Alniuimen * and lliu plulM for 
lbi> Soci^'iv of AiitiijuuriL<d. lie whs at»ii- 
oialL-d witfi hia brat W iu some of kia archi- 
l«ctiitul W'.»k^, nrid also en^vad for tho 
fssliionubic 'snnnsla' btrlwunn 1^20 mid 
IWO. I In Kngnivrf two plnto«,uftcr J, M. W, 
Tumor, 1L\.. fnr KoKi-rn'* ' Iluly,' »iid vraa 
Huociuted with KdwnrU IHoro [q. v.} in pro- 
ducing tho latlor'i ' Moiiuiueiiiiil Kutiiajiw.' 
JjB Kvux wua a ineuibur of tbe Awociat^'d 
Socii^t.v of EiigniT«ra, and on^vod for tlicm 
souii> picttiroii liyCUudvaodCMiiilatlointhe 
Notional (inlkry, one of hi> Inliml works being 
tho fonanr'ii ' Kmbnrktiiicm of St. Treiib? 
About 1838 lie nljuidoni'd I'lisravin); and 
JMniKl In Klartiiii; a crHiJi- innuufuclOTy at 
llookuiK ill £i»ex. EIh diml thure on 3 Oct. 
1809,aDdwiL8buriedainalRteBd,l>iex. I'n- 
llim his contemporariM, lio Koux Mocut«d his 
«ii)mivingH ontirnly him*<-lf. Iln did not nl- 
tninquilo ihoMmcprolicii'ncy uahUbratliiT. 
(QcDt Mug. ism, i. SIT : Rcdgmva's Diet, of 
Anl*t«; Dodd'a mnnunrriiit llinloi^ of Rngliali 
En|^rvrB(liriT. Miih A<ld.Ml?,3St02); Willmiii 
Clnrk's Archit. Hint, of llii' Univ. of OunliriJgu; 
jnforiiintirin (ram llciin' Watincr, eta,. F.S.A.I 

L. C. 
1581 J, Scollith [iriiilcr, iy of iinlinowii [la- 
rontwo, bill thf nnmr, ibonitb uncnmmoii, l< 
Seottuth. In iotJI hi- prinii'd at Kdiiiliiirirh 
tlia Oonfeuiou of I'uitb autliorisL-d by iho 
ottAtW of tk« Scoltiib parliainuiit in tlinl 
jMr. Ue waa the principal printer of Iho 
i«forffl«d parlj' In Scotland, ni-nrly nil diifi 
«iil(ii Oil lUoir Iwbiilf Wing mat forth fVom 
bi« pnw. In Derombur 156^ bu obtained a 
tonn of 200/. frou the kirk to aid bim in 
printing Ihu I'nalniii. In |r)l)i> be was uullio- 
riiod by b IoIIm uudsr Ibe ffreol 8m1 to priut 
tbcocu of Quwii MaTv'a ftnd of har|ir«dM«8- 
tmc'B parliuuiuntfl, and rIro tli« nuilm* of 
Vaviu iu iui-ir«. Tli« miirdcir of Dnrnli-r iind 
iho foHowiiiK events kept hi* pn-u very ^imy. 
Aftt-r Mnry-« ittipruoaiinent in I^ucblcven liu 
wo* formallf appointed king's prioli-r for 
twenty jwt. On 14 April IttdH be also 

rofi-ivcd sppcial licetiii? to 'print tb« In^Iii 
IlibfU nftif tint (leiH'VB rfriioa for twi'nij 
years to come,' but «( liw on nwount of lus 
povc^rly or the uiuultlt^d condition of llw 
I'OiiiLlry, thH work, if begun, was n«\'eT ootn- 
pleii'J. Ill IMHhe hint awi)^ed him J^.. 
to bo paid yMrly out of tbo ihirda of tb« 
Itirk (Jiuik of titc rttiiYriat Kirk, i. KM). 
At tbr inslnncf of Mnitliuid nf I.t^bingttn 
Kirkiildy of tlmnjtc on 14 April 1671 
t'liiiiuin Melville friini the ensile to i 
l^L-kprrvioliV bouse lor Bucliuiiuii's * Clikna 
teoii.* wbicb Muitluiid su»wK.'tod hod bo* 

triw-'d ihtre. I^'kprevitk having, hoivevc 
i-eii wnmed of the puriio*ed viiiit, made hiiH 
oncnpo, currying with liim 'tiiieb thingi aa be 
fiinn-d should havi' hurt liim' iltldiAKD 
ll.tK.-crni.'tC, Memorialf, p. 1 10). l-orasUort 
lime he curried im liis work at ^itirling, 
wkcru \w printed lluehanan's 'Admonition 
lo the True Lords.' Shortly aft*r Knox'a 
arrival in St. Aiidtvwt, iu May 1A7l,lin fol- 
lowed him thitlii^r, and licrv JaiDM Mclvilln 
' fir^C i>nw ihnl excellent urt of printing' 
(Dianj, p. 2tS). Aftpr the fall of Stirling 
GnslkliorBinmi-d i» Edinburgh, and in 1674 
he wiis sumnitoied In-fore the Uw-eoiirln for 
printing Davidson's ' I)iulu^, or Mutual! 
talking bi^twi.v u Clerk and aiie Cotirteour,* 
which ivl!>^t.-ted on tho Hegt-nt Morton. Th» 
acta under which he wiui committed iver* 
thow of 1 I'ob. l-'i>^I nnd 19 April 16(17, and 
wer« gperinlly aimed at the reformed pnrty, 
thektlcrb^ingtinseed agninstthe'dubmvrs' 
of the queen a^er tht' murder Oif Darnley, 
There was therefore a oertJkin boMnem in 
Morton iitiliaing Ibem on bin own boli«lf. 
Lekprevick wiif commilted to tbe caatlvof 
Edinbiirvb, and nliliough bi> wru poMuUr 
aot at libortr aoon afterward*, ho wn« on 
IB July 1574 forbidden to print wtihout a 
licpiue iUeg.P. C.Heotl. ii. 727). For Mine 
time he enjoyed n ha]f>yearlv bounty of five 
tuL'^k^ fr<.>m Thomas Itaaten^Tne [q. v.], wIm> 
ill lu77 bequeathed to him llie «um of 90/. 
{Samuifyn* Mit^llart^. ii, -'OSi, Nol.with- 
Ktanding bis unveri' In'aiinonl by Monou, 
pdibably tin- flfst publicntion ihnt Lekpn^ 
vick issuvd alter bis imprisimmeiit vma 
Semple'a ' An« Cumpliiint iijion Fortune,' 
tnuiiruing Morton's fiite. He wn« then dwell- 
ing al the Neilierbiiw. In tb? «nme vear 
be printed ArcbblAbop .Viinioion'iCHlRcbisiii. 
Xothing farther i* known of him. It anemii 
unlilcvly tbat li« is identical with ibe Itnbert 
Letcprvviclt wliote name occurs in u list of 
reverfliona delivered bv l.udv ]>eiiiiox to Lord 
Auhignyon 13 Jan. I.'j71i-f0'(*^. P. C&xtJ. 
iii. SiSS). 

[For a full list of LokpTcviek's publlcationa 
>M Ditksoo and EdnioDd's Anaoli of ScoclJih 


Lclanti 13 


■fr the 

I t>H«ni]>ltlcM ootie* of Lakptviink, fiiuadvi on 
hj DttiiKiB hbJ EdmaiKl. in CniniiUntn'* 
* PoMM of tdsTimB of iha IMormiitian 
T«« SociHr), t<. ii ] T, I'. H, 

' (4^. H2S), enuniiiAriaii, wso pcrfaitH b 
ire of lAMMbii«, ami »liiclt(i3 lU Oxfiinl, 
■ h«*(ti-nr»nU Uttglit k« a ^nmmarinn, 
ao<l aoiuirNl w> grtM • nfalation llut it 
WM uid of him : — 
Ut rem fli* flenn. *i« Lrlawl gnaDMlicona. ' 

H» rv.WW M Vinr HsIV au'l (lyiiij: M April 

H;.''' «■» buried in ihp Wlr-cliiip«l nl St. 

' 'rwUn widr's. On 1 Julr 1 l^'i [lirt^bancllor 

the iinirvnilT onWivil all cnulions, &e,, 1 

'IimI witli Jiriiti I.cJniii}, lately di-cowed, | 

lo be ixili). Then an* aooie laudatnrv epi- 

Eion N'Ua'I bvJolinSo^uard in Smlon ! 
(<• MS. Ll)t). Inland WW {.robablycAlla- 
y ralated to liii nararaakc, (ho famims 
«niiqnai7. Tliv unetliiit; Lcylond i» thai of 
tlw mannncriptH uf hiA work*. 

He wrat«: I. 'DiKtindioou lUiutariav,' 
Bodlay MS. 832. IT. l~S. i. • l'ni-t«it* ct 
Mipiiw nirbonim («*iinilun) Hatpat^wa Jo* 
h*iiB«M \jKy\imA,iy%fiti\te, l41-l,'&ianuKTipC 
in l.iiicoln CatWilral librnrv. 3. * Lilier 
Accldi^Btiuin.' MS. \\'nn;pu^r i'aibedrn) Li- 
bcUT, lliS (HBK.\tRih Cat. MSS. Artglitr, ii. 
W\, A. * FundiniNi(a1>> iiutructio jxtenv 

Is Bodkj SIS. nS2 tb(>n ant rarioiu abort 
tnatiaM, hicIi aa ■!>« nudu piiactuidi.' 
■ IlywBariiiiii oampaddiote compilattuii,' 'De 
ArvTTiNi,' wtikh it biw bnen aagj^eated mav 
t :i(l. but thK-rr i* av proof of tbia 

•'< ' the nMnnd nnicUin tIw\-olttai» 

egotaimi ibi* odd rolopbon : — 

£sit origo f^, niHDQr v>li Joh*nnii. 
SaRipw aaMcai n' aii in aniote Del ; 
Soi— acriptori* J. L.,d* pr«<ibua logo, norii. 

Thf irfaol* Toloao B{>pc«n to Im In one 

rialaadiConiBcat.deSeriptt.l^a: Tanrat'a 
BibL Brit.-Bib. p. 47A ; Wogd-.CIty ofOtFont. 
Ii. IM (Oxrorl HlM. 8oe>: iafonaatieo kiadlr 
nniUKl b)' F. Ifa>lan. caq.. of tbe Bodlaiaa 
liwuj.aiid by Jotin Lowland, tail.] C; !>. K. 

''i), Bntiqiury. \ittra ia Loadon 
■i.-i'ii i<f^U^ probabtr tielon^EiKl in a Lan- 
■Mfaire fiuaily. Re bad ■ br<»hrr known ui 
John Lvluid aMuor, aod ibe distiDKiiwbinfC 
appplktian of ' jiuiior ' numHinuM applii-d Xa 
hiMi ia doubtlBM du» U> hia bcvinjt ibo tamo 
«falKi«ii Baao M U« brotber. He was 

douUlau n collaienl dcKradant of tbvuldvr 
lAlin wrilnr eall«d, likn bin bmllier, JiJin 
Lelund Ihr oklpr 'q. v.], and nf Iticbnril I>^ 
land or Li') UimI, t rrftiuivT of I he Ihiko of Itrd- 
(bfd'a bouseliold, who witn«i«wd hia mAttrr'a 
will in 14% (Nicolas, Tetlamenta Viliata, 
pL 343). 'nii««) o«i btaertni louraboiii X'tAl 
ili« aniiqunry vifii'^l ^ir Wiltisui l^yland, 
pcwaihly a kinnmnn, at hin hniiM> AT Morioy 
Dmr l^igb in Ijincniihiro fltimnttru, v. 80: 
BaixK), IjannttAirr, iii. 001 -2), and n John 
Lcy)aiid,wb(i mav hare burn the antiniury'* 
broUmr, acted suliacqueiitly aa Sir William'a 

John wM *>>nt to St. Paul's School, Lon- 
don, iind<-r WilllKm Lily [a. v.] Ha found 
a pairnn ia od>- Thnmiui Hyl«4, wboMi gtriie- 
roaity in paying all llu' pxpciuu oT hit cdu- 
CAtioo he fnwiy ai'lmnulpilitMl in an 'en- 
eomiiim ' iin«?TilM.Hl ' ad Thimioui .Miloai'tii " 
(XiCUSD, l^funiit, iritijl). Jlr- rpinuTrd iu 
dt»e oontM ii> Cliri#t'« Colleg*, C^iBbrid)tv, 
and proowdwl HA. in l-'>:^^. SubaouaeoUY 
li« aludivd al All SauU' Colktts, Oxtoti, 
whmo li« BPPf"^ t" bar* m^ tha ac- 
quointnno' of Tliomaa Oaiua. Hu ultimately 
oompl^'tul lii> itadiea in Pluia utidfT Frnncw 
Svlriiu, and bL-came inlimate wilh llLid6 
(Bwd»ua), JaoquM le Fubvn (Fuber), I'aolu 
Rmilio (Pttiilua Euilius), &ud Jtwn itiiiil 
Q» tvtiirD«d bonwi a flaiahod aobolar in botli 
Lalinacid (in-rk.Rnil withaffoodlraowladga 
of FTvnrli,Iialinn,aDd8p<uiialu AlWlakiitg 
holy ordcn, bo artpd iu l'l:^'i aa tuhw to d 
yountipr ton of Tlionuia Howard, duke of 
XotMl^aiid wruti? with much elv^iio* Latin 
pnne|[yriO( on (bv king and bja iniuielrn of 
t«faT<iuratc.»irl. Al CbrifCmiw llU^be waa 
tJaraHipt of a uiiall annual inrnmc from thn 
IciBK (IftUri and I'aneri iff Henry I'lII, v. 
SOS). Bnibre 1530 Heniy VIU »ada bin 
bia librvy keeper; and he bvouenily gavu 
the kinit pretienta of booka. Ih became « 
foyal chaplain, and on j'>Juiiel&30waapr»- 
wented to ilie Kccory of rapeUng io tbo 
manhM of Calaia (Lmml. US. WO^ 1 106). 
On 31 May 1133 bo asd XiabolaaUvwlaloor 
Udall [(1- V.' wrote' Terwuiuid ditlicB'mcitcd 
and aunc at Aime BoU-yn'a coronation (ii. ri. 
No. 66iy On 19 July follnwinK P<^ Cl»- 
nwnt Vll([nu)t«lhimBdi«.pei>Miian lo bold 
four boneSieM.of which the annual valni> waa 
not to «sceed ona ibonaand diical* (I^ttm 
aitd Paptrt t/ H»niy VIII, x\, Apn. No, -l). 
til lltSi, on tho birtb of I'ldward ^ I, be 
rompMi-d an elaborate Latin porm. 

In 1533 IjeUnd was cnade 'Itiuf^a anti- 
qaarr,' an a4lim in which b» bad aeitbir 
pTcdi Bwiof nor aucctaaor, and in tba aamo 

Lei and 



Cn cotnmiMion wm KfuntrA him undnr lli(> 
il ual diivcltu^ him to iiuk« a unarcli 
for Englitli •atiqntliM in the lihraiiei of 
all cat li«I rain, nbhii}^ prioriu*, and colleges, 
and all placf) wlioro record*, writings, iitkI 
iHH^ri-tiiolanliiiuitj' woi*depo«it«l. In IG32 
he had bivn rr.>turni.-<l lU an aliMiittfe from 
kia nctory at I'vpr-tiiig (t/r. v. No, ill), aild 
bf • apeoi&l diqwoaatioii, 12 July lOStt, h« 
WM ralleved of tlie abltgviioD nf rMidancD, 
and WM allinrad to ke«p a curate tlierr. 
Altlioiicb be doM not cluim to hai-e ipruit 
iai>ra than aix years (lli3(l'43) in lii* anii- 

Jiiariaii lour tbmugh Ijaelaiid, lie seem* to 
ave Iktd mulnly occupiM in tlu> expnlil iuu 
from 1>)3I lu ]It< inlvndL'd hUoulU-c- ! 
liuns tu bv Ibi! biLii§ uf a grvat worli r>n lltt> j 
* niilrirv and Anliriiiitie> of thin Nalifin," 1 
Actonliiig to hi* own (icoiinl ii" Bonivd , 
himself nvithi^r Inhoiir nor t:o*t. Ho cinima I 
to liBVii vinit'^il almost nvery bay, river, \iikr, j 
moiintnin, vnlli-y, moor, hoalli, wood, ciry, ' 
cujillr, muaor-liouae, mnnnntery. nnd eollsp! 
in ihr^ land. And iio( unly did liv note ihit 
umK'nt a«|wet <if the pl.iCL'ti ri)iit<<d. but hu 
iDTtieti);pit(<d and dMcribed nil lt>i>ian, Saxon, , 
or Itaiii'ih rfliunin.' of whlrh ha could ob- 
tain knowl-'dgp, and carefully exam innd Yrty , 
mnny coin' and their inicriplitin*, A» bo- 
camf II pprionul Jiilhorent of the king, bir 
championed the nc^w rt-lit-ii>iui.'»tulili9binent. ' 
lie wa!i ul Vork in Juni- Iii34, when Sir ' 
Oenrgo I^jwboh, IreiwurBr of Di^rwiok, in- 
fonni^d CromwoU that ho and l,.eland uaid a . 
viiiit to York iiiiti'tiT; Tiotiug on n tnblet on I 
the walla'tHlcmcnltliatoneofHimrTVIira ' 

Er»dn(-i>«>oni ' look thin Icinffdom of the Popn 
V [.ributo ID hold of the Cbiirch of ICome,* 
idw nuod ihcf iillendinK words ' out of the 
Inblut '()'£. vii. App. !';{)- Rul'? shared Li^land'i 
antiqoariun zeal and prolMtntil opiuiou*. and 
wlii'nltiik-n'asim»ri«ono(l*forhi8|ir»ai.-Uiii^' 1 
in January I'iST, I.elnnd wrote on hi» bi.'half I 
lo Groniwell, and i^mphniiiaed hi* WniiiiK, 
iudgiii«int, and modmly (A. xn. i. SW; Ki.ti", 
Otv- 1^"- 3rd fve. iii. I5i). 

Th«> havoc made among the monastic maaa- 
■cripl* at ihu ditaolution of the monaateioM 
oaiuud Loland inHnile diMr>^M, and be en- 
tfeated CromireU (It! July l'"T51 to extend 
kia eoniBiWIon ao as to enable hini to collect 
tbe manuacripM for the kintr*)' library. ■ Il 
would bo a Kmat pmfit to nimli^nta and 
honour lo thin realm,' he wrote: 'whereas 
now Ihn (Iprmuni. [lercpivinK our dpsidicm*- 
nnu and m-KliRetice. do neiid iliiilv young 
Ncbolurn hit her that it|)oiteth tliem audL'iittelli 
tbem out of libraries, ri<luriiuii! home and ' 
pulling Ihoin abroad a" miitiuinHnln of ihi'ir 
own fOUQtrv.' Inland'" d(-*ir" wiui only in 
jiart gratifli-J, but lu,- Ue»pntcheJ *onifl vnlu- ^ 

uf wiiicb cnoiM from St. Auxualine'ii Abl»T, 
Cantcrbniy (Or Serial. Hril. p. 11)»1. A(W 
Leknd'a tflnr wa» Anally concluded, he put- 
suuted in l'»45 an nddiwa to HenrT VIII, 
futitWd ' A Now Year 11 Gift," in wbi«h ho 
briefly dMCnlnd the mann'-r and alinaof hia 
rowanrhea. n« bad by that date pr«|<are<l 
an account of early EnVlLsh wriu-if*. Hut be 
hoped to draw up within 'ir'vr a full il»- 
•cnption or tnpogrsphy of EngUnd, u-ith « 
map en^TAd in atlrer or btaasi a wiwk 
on the antiiiiiitifu or ciiil hi^torr of tbe 
Britiih Islea in fifty boohs ; a niirvey of 
the islanda adjoininji Britain, includtnc ttu 
lale of Wight, Anxle*ey, luid IJo of Mu, 
in MX books; and ui account of tbe nobilitjr 
in tlir^e. He &bo deeigued an ocooant of 
llonry'i palacaa, is imitation of Prooo]uus, 
wbo la aaid to bitve daacribed the pJooM^ 
the emperor Juatiniui. 

But the liratwork that he caimpletvd aAer 
bia return home was amanuacript treat i«i- de- 
dicated to Ileuri- VUl, and mtitlnd ' Anti- 
Ehilarcbin,' in which he elaimoj to defend the 
ingV mipreniu di^iiiiy in church matlnr«, 
' cluni'ly leaning to ibe Mroag pillar of Holy 
Scripture against the whole colleitu of the 
Human iiti.' The immediate object of Ida 
attack wai tlio ' llierarchiaa Keel esiaa lino 
Asaertio'of Albi.-flLiiiPiBhiu«(('ologne, IftaS, 
fol.'l (A'eitf I'eare'i fiifle, nig. K). 

irt'liiiiil soon applied to AroUbishop (Trnii- 
mer, who had ulreudv shown aome intcmat 
in hia laboure, for ehtiroh pieferinent. Oa 
■t April Ifi'.IS, accordingly, he waa pMiwntUid 
to the roetory of tlofleley, Oxfordshire, and 
lis held a oannnry at King'* College, Oxford, 
until lfi4£, when thai institution nros OOB- 
veried into Christ Church. He waa oJto 
prebond&ivofBBat undWeat Knoll orKnoyla 
in the catnedral of riiuliehury.but in his later 
years ho «pent mn»t of h'tn lime in his hnum 
in lUennriiih of St. MicliO"! leQuoniein Lcm- 
drin. wliom he occupied himself in nrrariginK 
his nutDS. He wrote to a friend at I^uvnin 
la procure him as an a«iHant 'a forward 
yoiingmuuabiiut theaip'orxx veatu, leanuid 
in the l>atiu tuugiie, and could sine oortioe 
uare in (irevk,' lie xeeuu tu have inrolved 
binuelf in some literary iiuarrel with Bichard 
Crohn [a. v.], whom he oeuounoed a* a a\BB- 
derer (Oi/Zeff-Tnca, V. I m ; SmvPE, frrtamw, 
iii. 7.38), In 1514, according to Craig's' Soot- 
land's SiiTemignty nMertwl,' p. 0, Inland 
drew up till? form of the derlnnition of war 
made hv Hcnrv VIU njfuinst the Snots. At 
li-ntfih IiIb antiquarian aliidic* oTertnxed hia 
liniin. aii'.I 1ii> l},.-caiiie incurably insane. On 
:.'l March lAW the privy council (,'ave him 
into the custody of hia brother, John 1^ 





IwmI ur LayUnil. sFaior, and Jirrctnl tliat 
thd iitctKM <l«rivml frana tli« bMi«flct<8 of 
HbhIij and PejwUag should b« tpplied to 
U* mauttwuDon. Lvlaad diad wiifaiKit n» 
aa\iTnn(i liU rnuwo on 18 Auril IU2, dnd 
mm tiurinl iu ibo cbiuvh of St. Micfaad le 
Q— IHi Uu monument bun n tooK UuiU- 
loij iaacriptian in EnslitJiiwiili whsh Latin 
tfagJM Tona. Tlie cfauKti, whi^li na d«- 
iinj«dat tbeGnmiFine.aailwMDol rebiult, 
■twxJ M t]i« WMt end of Cbeapid*. 

L^Asd i* thn auliaat of uodom Etigiliali 
Mili^MNnr*. Ili« indanliTr in nwomulatin^ 
facta wa* Moaafkablc, aud a* a (rnvclUr bo 
WBaacla*e»bKiT<T. Uii'Ilincrnry'i^arpfully 
DMisllii? miW didtanl betwiwa thr placn 
tkat kn tisilwl, till! boat wav of ajipruaching 
«a(th city, and noat of the objects nf inloKal 
UltaW to inlcrMt an hirtoriaa. Rut mona- 
•eri|>t* aiinctii] him laotn tban atv-hilr^turR, 
and li« Tan-lr TiM* ID lundcjicriplioii* of biiitd- 
iaffi above hi« deaittnatina at the abbey o( 
Malneabury aa * • rigfat maj^iifiiviit thinK.' 
On Twy nra oocaaiou be iMilicni local cii»- 
toasorpmiularbotany. tnhij'Collucraiwa' ' 
W •how* htnuelf lob«aooiuc>Miiio(w^Q««- ' 
kagitt, but Im) na* not au btMorieal wboUr. 
Bbi dafoida with unnomMaarr smI the truth 
of tbe Aithorian Icgoida, uid cofidrmoii tk» 
aevniii^iaB of I'olydion Verfril. Uii Knrliab 
■lylf i) rontth aail duijoitit«t, and botii bin 
■ luneraiy'a^'ColbctapBa'mtd like nrntiiwi 
of iiiiiligwliiit notae. Aa a Lai in {hm-i be ia 
deafTTiiif of bigti ragard. Hit |ioecas are 
always gneaful and iiaaginalive.and exhibit 
at tintra, aa in hi« ■Crgnaa Cantiix,' an nppm- 
eiatjnci uf natural icctiorjr wfaieh i* not ap- 
parent in bii ' Itincnary.' IU wrote in leiy 
rarifd nieiru<,and koevr and apprvcinted tlin 
beat ctaaMcal modab. Chid, LuiTPtiim, Mar- 
ImI, and Eiirip4il<« are auMo^' ibe authors 
oMiwd by luta. Ha is taid by Pi>lydor« 
Varril and Thonuts Ovas to hare lieen per- 
mmmUj rain and Mlf-«onMii«], but hii ox- 
tjurt writings haidljeorroboirBt* thin vsntict. 
lie Iwd nono of tlw virulenne rhanicterinlic 
of the rarif nrofasMra of ^roteutantiitm, Uid 
tlirl B«t iliMain lucial intvRoiuae in bia 
tni-rU wilb abbiils or TriafH. Pita's siiggw- 
tiim tliai lii* ini>i)is) bilure was due tobt* 
mnorv at having aljandonad Rocn* retta on 
BO UmmUtiaa. 

I^andpnUisbodlittlainliMlirninia^ AU 
kia wwto an ni>w nirf rara. The litlo* or 
tlw IMBM iMWd under Ilia |Mnoaal super- 
int«cidn>M afw : 1. ' NanuiB in mort*-m 
TIii>ata< Viati ivtuitiii ineomparabilit,' drdi- 
o*ted to ibe Karl uf Surrey, an ulvity on the 
imihulSir Tlionuu Wvatt the eMcv, with a 
woodout portrait of Wyatt, which han b«na 
attrtlnittxl to llijiboin, LoBdon (Itagindd 

Wulfet, lull.*, 4io(]lrit. Him. and Lanb«th)i 
reprinicil in itearu^'a edition of ■ lielaBiTs 
lUDorary,' vol. ii. 3. 'OmetliliaooB illna- 
Iriwimi lCa<lnon1i Pnncipiii Canihrin. Dacia 
UoriniiD ct tViiaiiiii ralstini, libt'lliis anin 
aliquotiinnoainchaatUK. NaocVRMnhwhiliu 
et sdiiua,' a piwm on the birth of E<lvnird, 
priacv of Walm, dodli-sted Ici Heur,- VIII, 
with sn explanHtion of tb<> ancicoT nnuim of 
pInoM used in the poMn — ' SyllabiiN h intrr- 

IirelaiioantiniiflriiniT>>i'tionim<|U'r fiusimin 
ibrllri li^on occ'imini,' l>inil'>nil[. Wotfo), 
lfrl;!.4ti>ilIric.Miiii.)i rv|innliHl in ll«amas 
edition oriho'ItiiiRmry,' vol. is. 3. '.Vsanrtio 
iticlTii»itni Artiin!,n'«ia ])ritann>nT. Kl«ii- 
chivi anliuuiiniiu Quminum,' London (Julia 
Uvrlord), IMl, 4tu ( Brit. Mua., one copy on 
rciUnn), a defence nf the authenticity of iba 
Arthurian tbWinrcply inrolyi.lon> Vw^tj 
DQ MoKlicli tranilnli'iii waji ptihtiihivl with 
tJie tiite : ' .\nciniil Orditr, nnJ Socintin and 
I'tiilip I^udnblr of Princr Artlnir and his 
kni^liilv Ariuorif of llie ItoiinJ Table: with 
a lliiw^uld ;\jitM.TtioD, Bngliahed fruai Leland 
bj K. Itohinsoii. IfiSS* Jet. Banmrn, Brit. 
BMi-yfVfih*r, 1810, 1. 10»^|. -I, ■ Ki7w«» 
Ai7;ia. Cntu» Cantio. Comnf'ntsrij in 
CygiiMm Cantionem indiciM nritaanicm An- 
tiqaUati* locuplatJaumi;' a Ii^tin poeni in 
tlW line* in choriainbir letrsmeter, dnlivated 
tollonry VII!. wiKnirexploiia are celebrated 
in the aoiiff of n bwbii Kwinmiiv between 
Oxford and QrcMtwioh ; elaborate notes in 
' Latin pniM on the places mentioned ineliido 
I quolat>i>nsfn>tn>-ightyc.lAAikicslntidinediwva] 
I writ»ff«; Windiior ■■ viry svainathntinally 
; d«<«ribi>d. Ix)ndnii<ttn|{inntii Uolfe), IMS, 
I 4to. vritli woodout (Bfil. .Mm,); nnotbcr 
edition, IBM, I^mo; reprinted in Hesme'a 
edilioii of the * ItinerazTi' vol. tx. S. 'Nn'uin 
in luiirli'in II>-nrici DnodeUgi equiii*,' l^m- 
don {Jithii Mayler), lAUi, SmfAKtst, -".1): 
rHprinT4ul ill RiHhV' ItiHtorla Rejoin Anfciiae,' 
ed.ili^ni". 171(1, andintltelT'Omlition oft be 
' lliiuenry.' 6. ' Kononin ()alla>niavtt:c in lau< 
, de[^victorill^fullcisai^li^Rnri^i^'IIt Ansliei, 
, f'rancisct, Sootici;* venes on llunry VIU'ii 
capture of Boulogne in Il>44. I^ndon (Jutin 
Uayleri, 1&4J). 4to (AUBs, K3); reprinted 
in Ifeoma's editioa of the ' Cnlleoianea.* 

7. ' KymjMoi- ri)c Ri^fngc, l^ililstiii PociS* 
(the ■I'mtte of IVace"). I.ondon (U- Wolfe), 
lAlO, t(o, a l.fltin pncm (Itrli. Miu.); r»- 
printed in Hwiroc'i edition of the *Collmc- 
taDDS,' v"l. r. S. 'The I^borvouJHi JournOT 
and Servbe of J. I.eviaada for Englandee 
Anliquitee« icevea ^f biin fur a Xewe YeafM 
Giflo to K'mg ttenrj tlie Vllt in the H7 
Yeant of liis Ravniv, with De^laracyons 
!«n1nrt[nl br J. Ilolc,' I^ndon, 1U0, 8vi> 
I (Brit. Miu.); tditcd by John Bnlv, with long 




nMM try llie edilor iat«n>aLu«l in LeUaiTi 
Uil, to wblcli fial* ailcbxl bU own ' tiapitar 
of tiut NuncB of Rnifliab Wrilor*, whom llie 
— inml part of hi' <ri>rk *' l)i- Scriptoribu* 
Ilrilmnnm' iliall (»niprvbmid.' Tbo 'Spwe 
Ynarra (lifto' «a« KprinUiiI in Ralph 
llni'ihi''* * l>i«>>vurie of ("Vrtainti Bmnm,' 
Uil'l: ia WraviT'* ' I'linpnill MMiumniu/ 
lOllli •>r]«nt»l}' in 17-JJ. Oxfonl, 8ti>; in 
Ilnarna'* mlitioii »f tbo ■ ItioaMt?,* vol. v., 
and it) Iludilinfard'i ' I JfV of MAnd.' 

IritlNOir* iit>Duti'ri)>l pdIWiioim v/i-tk >t» 
III* •Intlh uiiuli> oV'T liy l-^lw*rd VI tn ili>< 
(iiifit(Hly inf Kir J'>lin Chobe, hut wlwH CbtJie 
l«ti Hniilnn'l in Mnry's reign, ihur Man to 
biv>'li»>'n<li*]"<Tir<l. SomowsraMMi). No.70 
of 1)\kW* mAm. la copy uf (li» fourOoapelit) 
In thu ll'iillmnn l.ihrai^ ira« boii([ht l>v Dr. 
John liii» in l^iri'liiii on 18 Mav 1AA(I, 'ax 
l>lbli>>ih'v«,J'>h. l."Uii'Ii.' Tb'> Britiiih Mu< 
(■•jRi hiui n r.ijir nf Vnllii'ii IraiuUti'in if 
ll(ini<ir'i> '11Ia(I' (l^'-'tf), with piiiiiuimiit 
(HFt.'t Ijt I<«latid. 

Th" flvn vnluiniM nf hii '('iillir1nni>«/r«ii- 
lNiiiiii|{ Ilia iiii>i'»ll>ni<oiia nnirj on anlicfuilii'--, 
imtah,>j[>iH* of uiiiiiiiM'ni't* in lu'miinlk librn- 
iii<a,Mdhi«aoduiiiiirif Kii|{liit)iwrii>Ti>,pnjwd 
into tlw lianil* of Unritiihn-y I'urpfoy, whaoc 
•en Tli'iiiin* |iriwiii<>tl th-'iii lo William Itiir- 
toli, iIju hitlnnnri of lji'i(-iiiiii'niliir>;, in I8IJ. 

Thn ririuiiinl i[inTiu>cn|il« i>f liotand'a 
' llimimrv ]iM"i''il In Willinm. Inivl I'amC, 
an<l nflitr'wnfil" in Sir WilliJiiii IVril, bill tnitjr 
■l*ri iiliiniiii'-tylmi'iiiiir- lliiriiiii't Yro\>i'f}y. In 
Il1>t'.' Iliirl'iii finvii ih" ' l^•ll>>HuIll<n.' ill fivu 
viiliiiiim, nml tiivi'ii if 111" "itflil v.ilmiii'H ..f 
ih" ' lilii«r»rv ' I'l th" ttii'll'^iiin Ijilimrv nl 
()if(inl. Tliit i-inl"'h YoliiiiH' i.f (lii< ' Iiinci- 
rnrVj' wIiIpIi lliirlon lind li-iit. In n fricml, and 
liii'l M'i'n iiiiiililii til n>i'iiv<-r> wim ■ijli<niiiiintty 
nniHititril lo llin I Im I In inn ))V ('tinrli'i King 
iM.A.of Cliri*! (Miiiri'li WCf). SiivnrnI tix- 
tiii'iilh-C'inlury iriiii'Tliilaof l,iilMiid'a miiiiii* 
ii[>»i|it ' lliii'mrv' nrri "itaiil. A vnlimlilii 
viiyj iiimic liy .liiliii Mrow i» in TiiruiiT M.S. 
-Ill), mill t'-'iir i-il.liiir imiinwli'tii. mnrn or litts 
iiiirl'i'dl. Ill" aUi) ill ihu Il'idli'tnn I.lbrnry 
{MoIUT, Anntit, II. 7ftl. 

iXhi'Tiif liiiUiitl* niiii>i(ni]ih iiinnuxm]!!* 

■BMil ti> hiiTxnT till" I into rmmili tlln hmniiiiK 

111' lii'liiiiir* )iii1ilii>h<'r, \V<iir<>, Htiil to finvo 
tiiiMud liMiii liini til tli>< tilintry nf Sir UdIwH. 

(Villipii,)"'iii(ili('wiii lbnri>tt(>iiinli cnlloeitioii 

111. ih(> itriiL»li MiiiPiim (rf. *<'iillfi.'iikii(itt' in 
Jul.l^ XI. 1, Vit*l. ('. ix. «M,iiiid v.-*]!, K. 
ix. •JKl.wll.h ' Imlwt I.ibr>ruin in Mitnn-I. 
AriKliii- IMwrl 'III Vit.-l V. ix. SJ"). Thn 
I liirl.iiiiiiC'ilh'i'liiin ounlniiu liili-nwliiijl iMii- 
Bcni.ttiif lli"'Itin<'mrv,'withnn iinlixDr Sir 
I^liiiiJ'* \er*tt cniaciuiKl fur Anne Itiilajnta 

Mroiuikin in is Brii. Un& BiU. Ibig.(18 

Man}- aatiqiurin had aeoaw to 
nanatcript* in thn nxueufa and 
rentHrio*. B«1p ated tlw 'Cotanmaanl 
Script on btu ' (in ih^ Csoith Taluve of L^ 
UniTii ■Coll(«i>A«a*>,wb«ap«Mfnif kuU»- 
rraphiM of EagliA vriicn, |At8 and 16ST. 
At itmt>» llala mmtr tfrnnacribas LeUaA 
boCm. but in inoai cmm h« •xfwul* tkao^ 


fhMly incoqiontcd motm by I^Und vhoB 
■li«y wen in the poMeeaion of WoUi;. Ci»- 
i»n ill hid * Driiannia.' Dagdal* in hit ' Wat^ 
wiclcfthir<* ' anil liU ■ BaroiMj*^' and Williua 
Burlnn in hit 'LeiCMMnhir"' ownd much 
■o IWand'i nMaaichM. Candea wa« cbargrcd 
bv llatph Bmolce ^q. v.lia hia' Di»cioTcriB of 
tWaino ICrrour*' with un&irly 'featbering 
bin nml ' with L«Uiid'a pliUDd*. 

(Jn \H Jan. l&SO-I Thoiaaa Hatcber wroto 
rinrin^f Slow M piiUish I#landV aonnuBt of 
I] Jill uHlhnm (irarl. M.S. 374. No. 10), 
)jiii uoihinK cnmnoftlui ni^i^geitiini. IlMfaoo 
TniiDrr intondnd to publiab many of Lclanil a 
mmiiiBfripti, but he waa (l«lByM by liii la- 
boiira cm liit'Xolitia MoauticH.'ani) was dis- 
u|ilH)int«d to lind hini«(>lf autk-iputed in one 
pari of his desiffu by Ibe •pp'-araivc^ in t'OO 
of I^lnnd'i ' ConiinwiitLrii df ScHptnribiM 
ItrltnnniriD ' rit Oxford, under the pdilor^ip 
of Anilinny Unll [q. t.] Thia w»a iho fir»t 
of Lplnnd'i antiijuarinn collections li> be pul>> 
lixliiLnl. Ileame judly complaiot ihnl tha 
olition is very faulty, owing lo many omi*- 
oionii and to erroneous imnii'ript.ion. II in own 
a* p, 133, in in the Biidlpinn Library (J>« 
/mn f/it- Jtoilleitin, i. Itti*). A tupy in 
llritinb Miiscum ntsn contains i.''>|>ii>iis maul 
pwripl. nolM. Tnniier. ti-ii y*-or* Iftt*r, 
■liir oolli-ctine not-'i for .tnothcr ndilion 
th" boolc (ct Nil'IHiLS. IJf. A»fi-ilatf/, 1. .TflOJi 
and hih dvaifrn dcvrlupi'd into bis ' Itibli 
(hi^'ii nritnnnioo-lliUuniicii,' 1748 (cf. Not 
anil (iiirrin, y'l. M-\). 

It it itwinB to llonrnc's industri' ihat 1& 
nliixf pnrl of l.i'lnncl'ii wrilinjpi wna fiPBt sei 
to llio \in'»i. In 1710 thn ' Itinomry nf JoIi__ 
|ji-lnii<l ihi> Anliiiuary'u'nH publinluid nl Ox' 
fowl in nincvrtKinx-n. A tiwond edition, with 
■i>im< ndHilioii* nnd improveiuunls, upppared 
in IT 1*1, nnd a third ri<viM>d i-dition is ilulcd 
1770. I. idnnd'iiuoltnionWfiiitKonwirscil., edited 
by W'. (iMiririi, wi>rB piihliahtil »ii]iiiniTfily tn 
l^Til; tli.iiM'on llnmmbiruin 18UK,nndihoiw 
on Wiluhiru.iHlitcd WCsnoii Jnchsun. 1K75. 
ll(>anie'* odilion of tho ' Collectantia ' waa 
published at Oxfonl in nx yoIiihim in 17111 

Lei and 

Ue iiucrted in voL r. oa» piM« ol LeUnd 
wkieli it Dot kuowa to hare been prinud 

OaUofndi Art iirii .\Ioniiin««3uiaoaDtn Pol,v- 
doraiB VergiUiiin,' ■ dafonee of GoolTrv^- of 
MoBmnoUi Bfaiiut I'nlTdoraVcfsil; but the 
oUirr tniciii ftnd tuwtiiii by I^Uivd which 
llnamr introdiwd into his i-dilioiu of (lie 
'CoJ1e(4«ni'a' ■! well at uf tin? ' IriiiMary 'had 
•U bn-n pabli.>lie<l in L^lnnd'* Itfetinte. A 
•eccHMl Mitioo t4 t\iv ' CMrctAixiP*' appMrnl 
ilt Lotidoii in 177n, bimI n third in lii4. 

A biiok i>ttui\i^ IjnUnd'* ' Kpitrmmnwi* ' 
iTKA lict-nwHl for tbn ptcw in \ofrU, but bt* 
iniiKwlUaHiud-Ailii viTM and i^picnimi tivre 
(trtl publisliinl in liVSlf. Snmvparl uf tlii? b<u>k 
WM drann fmni ihi! Brxltviuii niiiiiilM;rilil 
tolumi* iNE. F. 7. H) vrliicb wm oriffiniilly 
BrmentHi) bvljflainl toIInorvVtil. Thomaf 
S'ewmn irf, IWjT) 'I-t.] of (.''li«iliir»- wn» the 
eiUfi;, and tin* ixilunx) bom tbo title ' l'riti> 
dfiuiii ac iUmtriana Dli(|aot «t ocvditanim in 
Ajijilia vinirum Encomia, TrojihtM, G«ae- 
iMiaa vt Eiiithntamia : ' it i« reprinted by 
Hearae in tlu>'Ci>Uec(aiica,'v. TV-1^. Ijf- 
Und'* L^tiit new*, irrilwn in ooqjiinclinn 
Willi I'llaU, wboM coniribuiioin i» chindj' in 
AniM.- HoIkti'* ooroiiatian, waa prinlod fivm 
tlM Brit. )iii«. MS. in Nichoti'i ■ ProKKntn 
of EUttbvth ; 'and in l>r. Furcivuirs ■ Ballads 
tmm Mwutcripl '{BiXi^A Sue.), 1&70, i. 379- 

A ' Tctrastidion Jolianiut Lelandi d« Mona 
TomuuiD. AnIWMp, lfi93, M. p. 13, and a 

• TetrftjIichiMi l^-Uoili in Ili-clorcm Boe- 
thiiun ' in Hiimiihrey Llwjd'a ■ Kpiatola du 
3IuDa' (Iu7it|. lUchMrd KnbinMin pu)iliah«d 
Lb iri77 ' A Kpoird of Ancient HjrelofyM in 
Latin — Oatla Itonianonini lulorr, ut 8U)h 
|Nmiiur, JotMBse LoyUnJo aniiuMrio,' of 
which a tixlh ■•diti^in is <iiitf\ InOl. An 

* EpiKTammR dn fiindali'>n<> Oaiitab. Aoa- 
AemiK,' by l^Uiiil, i* in Aahmol. MS. T70. 

Tli« aniipapal tri-nlite entitled ' I>ialug>u 
mi tltaluA AnopbilBTcbin : intrrlociKoiy^ 
l^UaUcbMpt TrauoU>s.'Iuia Dot bM«i 
Tbo aiaHiu>cripl, ia forljr-fire chaplon, at ono 
tiae til* orownr "f ()i»liop Mortv w now in 
lliH Cambridfj-o l'iiir«rvly l.ibrw]' (B». t. 
14). In ibn Mmr lilirarj* i* a copy of * Se- 
dolii Scoti (.^i>mmii^t. in Kpiatouu fault,' 
BaiJe, 15^7. with an ' Kpimmmn ' at the 
bflRBaing wriiita in Ij-lonfa aiti«eTaeh. 

(>r lo«t work- by Lulaad a ' Life of PuUc 
Wtrriin ' ia Miit by Tanner to Imt« faetonged 
to IluiRpbmy Koiircliier. TlioinMCuuMtatM 
that hrlnni b-fnr* lii* death wrota a boolc, 
' IV .\rail<raiiu,' whieli proved Oxford nnoldiir 




foundation than CamWiJ^ (ViaKtlt, Early 
Hut'fy of Oif-ird, 4>»f. llUt. Soc , p. 28). 
WeHTi^, inhiB'FuD'.-ml Moniimnnli.' nmigiu 
10 Lvhuid ' MuriadiM sivi- Cliarilca Corana.' 
tlalo and I'ite oliio credit him with BOt«« on 
1juiBiilian*a*l>«clAiiiaIion»,' and on Martial, 
and with a long tnriea uf boolu of wluch 
noihinjt it now known. incliidiDi; a *l>i(^- 
tionarium Hrii*nnii»-I.«timim,* and a tm- 
tisp ' IV titulo ri'iiit oil fVotiam,' 

A print ofLrtBudbytJriicnion.froina biut 
at All SouU, is pojiiii-d to IIiiddRKfonl's 

9n\.: Iluildoitforfa Li*n vX Lrinoil, Wood, and 
K«*m». 1773: Bala'a Script. Brit. Cat. iXMni. 
pp. 0*1-3 : Wood'* Alfcraa Oson. cd. Blia*. i. 
1D7: Lnlianof Eminonc [,it. M«n(CaaHl.8oe.), 
pp.lfiS-A; THniirr'fBlbl.Brit.; MnaaVaAnnBla 
ol Bo-IIfian Libr.; Cooprr'i AlheDic Cnotabr. i. 

llO.AIl;Retru(pc<tivrRuvi«i>|IHJ4>.il. I7l»q.: 
Taminr'n RilJ. IJril.; Slr^pr'* Cmnnivr. iii. )3&- 
338; Bailitt'* Bibliogmpliicnl Cotlccliooa ood 
liotM; MaiUud'a Early PriM«d Boolu in ih« 
Lambotb Library ; Bamaid'a Ou. kb{8. Anglioe, 
SSSaq.; MS. SIom*. 8SA. f. S4 «.. fhtuiday 
ItBTinr, 15 F«b. 1879. A 8«pt. IBSa.) 3. L. 

LELAND, JOHN (1091-17(56), divinp, 
war Ikjmi at Wigan, LanciuhiK, IS Oct. 
1*<91. Ilia fathw, attar bilim; in 1m»n<«a 
ai Wigan, »«ttled in Dublin, wh«i« h« found 
an opening in buunii«H. nod brought over hi* 
wifa and ilinw lonii. John, the second, luut 
an attack of nnall>poK ia bin aiiih year, 
and fiir a yoir nftcrwiirdu lout hi« mnmor^. 
On rrcorwing he sbuwiil promLn', which il^ 
ducfed hi» ^aT«nl« to edui^ale him for tha 
nonconfbrmini minioirv. He became joint* 
potior with Nnllinnifl ^'eld of a oonnv- 
gntion in New Itnw, Piihliti. lie wa» aiteiv 
warda paator of iho meeting in Buataee 
Itow. l>ubllQ, wbcM ha diod Itt Jon. 1766L 
He was creuied M.A. and (in 17S9) D.D. 
In- (be uiiivenity of AbcrdCMi. In 1731 he 
nittrrif-d Ann. widow of Tloiiia* Blagnsy, 
minisi«r in I'lunk^l Street. Their ebudtta 
died young. Lr-tnnd ia «aid to hare been 
a man of icivnt momory and Wming, tie 
bocami- known tiy hii writingn againtt ibo 
dnitta. He attacked TimUl.Tiiomaa UoTgait 
[n. V.]. author of the ' UonI rhiloMpliar,' 
Henry Dodwell (if. 17»l) [(|. v.].nndBoling> 
broke {ntv below) ; but liia chief book wu 
' A View of the principal Dvialioul WriteTS 
that hat-eaj^peoTCd lu Eogland duriuL' th«> laM 
and prewnt century,' <.'tc. (17ft4--B), which, 
though tbo arrnmiint in commonplBCo, if a 
eoDtnbution of aomc rattle to the nutory of 
F.ngliih thought. .\fleT the pnblicatioa of 
the fimt rolumc, a wcond waa oddc) upon the 
writings of Ilumennd Bolingbroki-. Aauir- 

Leland i5 Leland 

:::»- ' 11^:".:;^:;;^? ■q-n B:'.Ls^■^■ir'^ L-r'::--s :V „. ':..— ■ ■.liT'.Ti?:!: :* printed in ' ilij- 
■:e:'_- S" ;.".v.:.: n.^TOTi-,' w*? irriri^-r'.T ':.''- " r , -1 M _" -iriT:* T!:'>j;'i|i.' ISlli lltp. 
I:*!-; in ir""3. Thv wh 1^ w-rk Til i::-:7- At; i. ■: 1.7*. CiirtT^; 'ni persuaded liiin 
w.iT ".? w;::; ^-T^-i c'-irtC - p.;r'.;s"-:^i i- t-™"" : t :"V.rl .z K::^!:*:. irin^iatinn nf "Tli- 
v'.-=:t^. I; -.^ wT-zTrn ii * 7-^t:-- :' '.v"t> ■ T-i: -- : 1*^= *:r.-:i^^ ajainsr I'liilip.' 
:- i :V.e=;, t\-,'".:i:r.ri'. ;a ^iV.r ^-.'.■.•■.~i - ■ ••* Tr:,..i. _r7-i.r-.-; r. rirri Irom 1754 to 170l, 
1>T. l\.-^:ir ■rfilj-'n. riv: t .':' ?■■. >:-j;':: ■.-'*. •.-.'. ,r. i ': ; :z-. ".-Tr -'-iiT-jr, in 1770, snd wa» 
■Ws'.i r ■■■■'». sr. : i,ia ■i:' :!i-,> fia::^^ IV ^1.; ■: :V., ■.^■z-'.r 7-..'-i .r-l. Ir. 17.»S he puhlisli^l. 
S''.:r i-i \V:Uo;i V.ii ;-■ uri^i ;- '-•x ~'.:—-7~ -.'.iiTr-., -Th-? lurtorv of 
Lv-'.-r.,; ;i wr!:? sptir.?: IV.:;;jVr iT. t.-r. I'l. '.,-.. K.r.j : M-.:— ;r..' ani in 17tli 'A 
wb-r. "h-.- !»■■ ks- '->:* TviV,*--.; ■■ ---.7—7: '.'.<*',::;.": r. ;- "It Frlr.-.'lplwi .if Human 
:b.j.r. -V.'. -7 -.h:' .•vy .■:' r'.:^ ■ Is^T.-i', ",•, :--> " A v-'' =i -'.iti'D app^^tivd in 
Wr:"iT¥." J ■.:': !L*r.t>.'. !: i; h;* .^m-:: ;v> r.~ . LT -". ■»^':i i"?.;" :r-< :: WTsrlmnon's ' Dis- 
TV.v '»'k. .iTTvr va^iir.; fr.r-^r. i?v:r.'.". ■.'..- . .r.-- - '-rt -- ' TLi- j:iv«' ri^e t'> a con- 
Tiri-wsf "^:;^,^:Vv^V.■;;:l:;■,l^,■,:7.r..-: }>r -i-r: :- v:r*v ■- -^'l,.': H.-'z-'^ llurii '■]. v. w»<i 
".:. \.' ir. '.7;'-, wi:h '.V. V.L-n- f :;,t IV-s-.'.:- V. - .■".,-:' : v ■---. U- ws* a|ip>vnt*-il w 
T-.:".->' a;-.> :;.;i-,;. ■";.- v..-..--.j- ;' :-rsT.o . \Vi/Rl,>w. and lln"r>' 

l.r'..i-.-..;i --v.-. r w-:s' sr; : '.. • Av.j-v-t ■ ■.-;..-. ■ '.':■■' '.. - ■ ::.-r-:^- ■■■!* Ir"l:ind from 
a Is:-, h-.i Vy M,-it;::tw T.:: W.' -r.-. ■'.■■.; -' - '.-.■■•.<' :: "i H-:-tv II. wi;b ayrvliminary 
•• C..r.':-.'^r.l:\ a,- ,•! ; *- ::-.;■ l":^ .'.:. -." ■."--"" ':■»-.■ :ri- •:-':.- \- -r." -^TaTr''! that Kint:- 
C ■ Ti.e I'i^ ;;;■.■ A .;"'.., "t::*" ."f ■'■■. ■ 'I.-. •.' \ '. -.-;.' -s .::':. —ii -.-■.■.'■'.i-Vir-.l ;e "htv^ voluirn?* 
Nvw T- ' -.; At^-r.-.-l. A^.-.-.r. ■'.■: ■..-' .-- .'.r: ■- "'■> ■■■~-. -ri.;. i771'. A Freni-h 
A-> r>i :".fs;;v::V.Nv ';; :.'.•' ~^ :'.i ':-- '• " v t.- >". .; r. - *'■■■,' vi'-.i^:-'* was piil>lish'-d 
TV. ".■-I*.* M ■r.^in" (■.■.:;:'.-,-.;■■ r..^ M.t:.'. T;..'. - ."7 - .'.: M..ti'— .-'ir. Th? bis-I'^rr ivrntain* 

T ■» T> f'TT'r..-- ■ ■ rVir-i. a*Jti*?'^ti-^*- and i* 
-. ^T" .'-■: 7--.7" '"■'.!- ■. v.T'-n ibi' ■BTitinirs nf 
V. --.- r. "Wiv. ■' Tt. If tTT-:*. snd Can-. It 

- -. '.-v "-.—.'.".1'. .-.r.i little kn-^'w- 
>'.r' -■-■ T> ;t^-.:.v 7 f '.ivrarure. It i-cn- 

■.V- -s ■;. ■;- ". :; i-.;'.i:!-r. -f Limeriok in 
'.■'■•', ':\ .'; Shi"'!:'.^: r. wa* indiici-d by 
;," .-." "v— ■.;* .■ TT-*-.""r. .:-u". «"!:■■■ iitwit-nde-l 

- ■ ■■ ': - . ." -.-■ -I-.:-' h.- ■■, '.Tii-'n.'i tlie bwili 
: ■'■- .'.,."! T. !.~'. :...- Ivi -■' a r>'al onrtv- 
>:■ ■■,'-■ .-. ■■. ::.•. ':. < rr. lirhA-V. SbflcliW'i'n 
/■• - \.:\ \~ \z-^ I.'lir.: •-'i.;!it tht- Irifli 
■.vr- .>v":-. " :':~:7..:'.-f. •■'.T..'^ i-rint-J as thi" 
■\-- !• ;■ 1 ■.■■. i.T.i;- -.^vvf: v>:h# litiraTT 

■1 ■ '..:- T: .!■ Ka.- p-r!iap* Ui* 

.;- .- .- - T-- .' ■ Ir '■■.'..> ■ry. Ilt-wa-'in- 

>■ . ". , -. -T ■-■ ii-v :>:. ri:r:i-'a'?CatlieJnil 

', ■ ■.*. sv. -. :■-. ".7~-' :.-. V-^i'stnr vii-sr of St. 

\r.- --■.■.,'..-. Iv. ■.77-i i'hir>m.'m §ny- 

a-. — v-.u ■ ■.-'.i ■;-, '.'''i.'. ws* »;•'■"■■■ ■^' ■■ ■^■' ■•■""' ■■ - ;--..-■-.■' ■.-;.,i .\ir. Miit.iT^ f>r the 

».- ■ ■ V .' '■■■. '. ! '..i- ;, I' I' .' V.;: .-sv, '.■-■--■.'■' -!-\ -■•" 7 :' 7-"."v i" '.!-.;v. He ivsideJ 

Y.W: ■■■■.'.' ^1 rk .',; ', - .." .-^ ^■~- -. 1 ' -.V.'v.. r«"i ..f hi* *er- 

Vv-r^- « ij. .Ti~.m- '■» 11:-,". ■.-.-■-'■- --.v. -.■-.:. 7.-T>-, -i--,!:! l\i-, 177(1 

■..■ , 1 ^v .; 1, ..-,,, Vt th>. ■: ,;t ■ - ; ■ V ■ '. -■. ■'T> :■■.: I.*);-,; s^p*rati'ly, 

:■?■■ \ :;" •^' \ > -v.- ,■> ,-■ '. v- ■■. -. '. ir.-,-..'>-r:Liri?v-!i Varioii* 

I.El.ANP. V;ii'>'. V"^. 1' ;' '."-:'-'. '^' . "■ ■ ■• .."."■" 7. l'*:''. 7. H-.-av.j up his 

V'-t -7 -.11 ■> ii 7" ". T .':" ", -■■- ■- ■";■:'. '■ '. >- -. ■ : -".. . -'.--■ '. v.nj >:' AnlirtTaw, 

K*-7 ", ■ r. .- ■■ ■ -," ■ •■ ">- v. — , .'• Vt ■ :: i'-^'., Ar.i ■.:*! in I'lttlin in 

^T . . :^.. , , ■ ,-.-;..._: 1-- V i" ■,-. \ . • "■^" '..-...7 -. ll■^li^;T;. -...lof Hiirbe. 

IV-.V.". ■■ ■.'■'" 11 ;tm;.;s' ■'. !> \ '.'•'.. '■■'■ ':"■>•.-'. V..- '..\ .i'.'.i-.i ':.::i "the nn**! 

ir. ". n- i- ■ .v ■' ,> ■ v. •>!■■■.'." i ■ l- '.".4. "■..■." -.1; 

« ■":. IV J >.-■."*■ •■!!-,'. ;•.-■■■ '■ ■■■ ' ■ ^' *"■ ■ ■■ ■"■■ ^ — ■' »"s*7j.":?i by IWmilJa 

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i^i:-::!i ; IV '.r. ^*"'■.■ '.u'* ' U. *r.- .'v.! 'A-t*. .\ ^^'■', : - L-T-r^ai'-in of IrisW 

;>.-. Ti- •:' ■■•:(> tih.> ■.■.>;\i :.» %■.-;: 1 .— .; ?■ ■:-■-. -i W :i. — » -» MfnoraU* DnMin 
CiirU=:.'=: a; Mar-.::,'; !iowa'.\-.7\ ;r.:' ii. --~ iSiO . K.-:. MS^, Cosub. 12th Bcp. 

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Ap|h 1. ; W. M. IIana«w«'> Annob «< I>u^ Ce, 
piwCvM, 18; I : H. LuuHioucr'* Aniuli of Itnlli- 
t'lrv. Tnd Mlk. ia62.) N. M. 

ItELT. Sia rKTEIt (1B18-1680). pur- 
Iflufr-iMtiiter, bnra cm 14 ^-pl. Itllt*. wuBAon 
«f inun ran tlrr Fai's, o/mu Lely, n captftin 
of Cm! ill ihi- MTvitv of (h« 8ttf«i Owoiinl, 
and Ab^ail vna Vliet, irbo bekmead U> a 
food flkmilv or LTtncbt. Ha ttthi-rt familjr 
NM(M at till- Itftipiv, «iu1 htc GtllMF WM bom 
is • htKiM nrhirh boiva lily for iu nmi ; benon 
tb* wblitinnal nantn <if l^lr, by which alias 
tb* fklbrr wai known, ami hy which niuii« 
dMM fail anil rrUTn-nnkii-iwainHnKtaotl. It 
b umltr i-taieJ that the patnl«r was born in 
flaenitiVVr-ipbaUa. BiabtliM.who Uitcrly 
wrwd nailer tbi* i?liwtor of Bninfwick, was 
^iMTterad in girriMMi theiv.liiit it iKviiumara 
nrofailtla tllal ho wM bom in tlix villa;^ of 
noaM bj AjBPMfonrt, and nnar t'irecbt, hi* 
nntbec^ homo. Tb« former nlon- ia trno-- 
Mb to ihu atttboTity of Arnold Houbniken, 
whn hiiuvir advanciia it oa a coajectuns 
{ae« Onmt Srhoubtirifh der Sifdrrlanditeieit 

ToUattbotc, a naiire or ZwolW in H.illnnd, 
cilabralaa Lrly in mn; aa hU rompotriot. 
8. raa Hooipilraat'n •pmk* of liim aa our 
'Oeldencbo Lily' (/iKrfin^ f<?t lU Banff 

«igWUi(M of ' i'ictvT van liiT Faea, aliiu Li^Ir, 

■t ppMwnt in En)rfanit.' h^ was a psrtr M n 
juniljr diwd on 4 Dm. 1679 CprM«rveil la llio 
wnwwl r»cnrd« at lUe llsfne), aoil be left 
laiTMiiM Id bit wilt lo llie ton of bia aiatvr 
Calkarina, who DMm«d Conrad Wt!ck«, biiT> 
|!MaMt«r of (iroll in (JonbJi-rlnnd. 

LpIt wbrn vcranK Bhowcd tnivrt- apiitiult«for 
painting than for a miliiary lift. Ills fatb^ 
orirordisffly HViil him to ILiarliriii, as pupil to 
Pram PirtrrM ili* Gr«Uier, a (Bini^r of gr^nt 
nuHt in rhnl lown. From a mrrnxit in the 
■ooonnln of ibp gniUI nf Rt. f.iiko nr HiMr> 
km we leara thai I.<ily wat working undi^r 
TV (trabbcr in 1637 (V*x ura Wio-mex. 
Arlittut 4e IIaariem\. Vi! Ilrnblx^r ptinlfHl 
■ono of ihe great portrait groups now in lti(? 
Ilaftrtem Munrani, and b^ tin tiinv Lvlj 
•rnviiil at llsarl«ai Prans Ilala bail ccta- 
pl>t<-d hi» fin-*! work in that branch of art 
in thu Mnip |iUr«. TlinaghLt'lynoiild baldly 
Mp being impmunl by tbiun tnn>iiTpi«cn». 
Us Mviv doe* Dill appi-Ar at any tinu- to har« 
bwn tatuencnl by tlim. He made grvat 
•dvnnen In bU own manner, aail gatiMsl a 
npwlalinti, aorording to HiMilitukva, i^tvii 
tmtmg thm many i-xevllent ponrait-poiniifrs 

ibnn at work In' tlnnrlom. 

In April l«UI I^ly oalM (mtr M EngUnd 
ill tht train of Willtaro, prino of (^ngw, 
who on 2 May wm* niatriod to Mary, tile 



daii>rlit4iir of Charlw 1. I'ortrailtwhioti l^jr 
pninlKd of the ynunii r>'>iip)" w«iro wtdaljap- 
ptwiitrHl. '\'h"j ari' nnw in thn poiaaatioaof 
the Earl of Cmwford and llalcarm (Btitut 
Exhibition. l»<tf..No«. 9R. lOO). U-l»Bppr.ant 
to Uari; moddiled bis eoilicT Blrle iu Eii^tland 
di«d in Dcosmber KM I, aair bi^ study and 
adniiratton of Vnndyck douhclsM produeid 
in bis earlior work n nMraint and aobrivljr 
wliieli i* want in^ in I bat of hi* Ut»r and uoTii 
■nooMiafal ynun. In Au^^ust Itl47 Charlni I 
wasconlinodaaa onjilivi- in 1Ibiii[>1oii Ckiutt, 
and during bin cap[iTit^I^Iywa.iin'rrKlucM 
lobimby theEarlof Nonhumberbiiid. L^ly 
lbenpaint«d the striking porlrwtof the kiu); 
rscMTing a not« horn the TiandH of ilii> vouth- 
fttl Diik«ofYoiri((a.So.7«l. Tlii. picture, 
on which Ix>iTUoe wrolo a poam, i* now at 
Sionllniui.', lalL-woTth, in thepuMoMionortha 
Uiikttof NortliumbLTiaad. who attopoMoaaaa 
Li-Iy's receipt for 90L in paymiHit for tha 

to enjor ooiisidetsblo prirale pmctic*. Its 
painlnl rromwnll, u Vnrtiin rniMMn nn tJi« 
aulhorilT of ('nptain Winds tbo aivhilocc 
[mi! unJor CuoawELL, Olivbb': a pnrtnuc 
of (-"rorawfll, iijfd ."il. by Lt-ly, lo now in tho 
I'ilti galWri' al Flun^niW. 

On thu !t-.-?t«mii><ii Lvly was at one* ad- 
vaiiued to high favour by (.'!>nrl>>!^ II, who 
gave him apeiii>ion,nait ki-pl bini oi^ntinuallT 
Mnployod. rmmthi* lim^tohiniJoaih liAiys 
enrMr was onn nfinomnniiiainiccrai and proa- 
pivitv. liicroyullamilyitlieroyulmistnuiiNE* 
andtlu>irohiIdron,mimaCeTSof atato.i^'ncrulK. 
dukuandduchesMS, and all the nobility and 
gt^ntry of England com|>«Eedforthe honourof 
(tilting to him. Tbr king frraitmlly visited 
hiB Modio, and tn-ntrtl fiim familiarly as a 
periional tHnnd. II" wat dllignnl and nigiilar 
111 bia honn nfpaiiiiing. and poinlod from nintt 
in thi- morning lo four in the aftemooo. A 
lilt of sitten wsa nirictly k«pi, and no con- 
nidiTnllon waa Mid lo any sitturof wUalevur 
rank who lost nis turn 6y uupiincttialtty or 
(Icilaiilt. After bis painting boiirs fas usu- 
slly entertained a largM rorapany at dinner. 
Samuel PepjW, in bi< diary, gives rooih life- 
lilmdnfcriptioncof l^lv'>«tnhli(hm«nt. On 
l8JunsI«l:;Ur wriloi: ' 1 wnlk«i to Lilly, 
Ibe paintnr's. whcr« 1 «nw, among oihnr raro 
tbinjpt, Ihi.- I>iii.'bi.ivtof Vork. bcrr wliole body, 
titling in alate in a rhsir, in while Mitin.nnd 
another of the kiiia'*,tlut is not linislwd; 
most rar» things laid give the fellowsom*- 
tluna that showed iw, and womiiml M com* 
anolnnr time, and hn would show ma Lad* 
Cnstlomains's, whieb I oould not then uii, it 
being locked up. Thenoe to ^^'rlgbl.'x, tbo 

(^but.I<(iHt ibotliffi'ivnwllinl UW 
i<imm iMr two works t ' Again, na :^> I )ct. 
I III- LTTttt painter, wl)» cane forth to us: imt 
bfhi'vinir ihAl I nme lo brapcah n pictun.'. 
Ill' t>rrTi!nl<^l it b7 toUintt lu that itv (liould 

tiiil be Bl Iciniiri! tlirM tlirpB Wi-eki, which 
iiirthink* i* n rant (Ijing. Anil then to see 
in whal viiinp bift table ww laid for hiniMlf 
lu ff} tJj ainnitr; and hnv, among oiliw pic- 
I urn*, MW tliH M mitch dwirai] by m^ pictiirn 
of my l^ly C^tlemainn. which i» ■> niMt 
bUMtil tiiRtiirn; luid anr t)int I miuit hnrc a 
oopy of, l/nlor on I'ltpyi di-joribc^K I^ly as 
'» mig Illy proud man' and 'full ol'jiuit-.' 

Leiy \i tsmau* for his poriraiLi of the fair 
an<l frail buautita of fharli-ii H's court, und 
ihiiiiKh fraely eviticLu^d for want of tiL«t«, hia 
{lorlraita lutv mainlaiu^d their popularily 
tc> th(> prtw-nl liin». Po[)e celobmtM 'the 
olc'irjiy eye that »pnk« the melting iinul,' the 
' rii((htj;tFwn rnj>tr>ni>d by n ningle pin,' and 
otlii'r rliiirii('l»ri>lici>ori^ly'>ponrnit» ; »till, 
it i* Clin volujilunuii nnd nt ibit Mime lime 
ojipr«Hivi' iiiiil.uri^ii mid nttitiidi-t of Ni-11 
llw'vnii, Mr*. Middlulon, and other Iwnulies, 
UK ili'|)it-l>"l by Idy, Mid now nl. IInin|>ton 
U'lurl niirl »UDwh(ire, wbiob have done much 
lo nonilone in Ihe f^ca of poateritj^tlie ex- 
I'l-ui'H HTid iininiirnllt*lMofOharl(iglra court. 
Ilin raiiinii* uririi'M of 'BesiiliHe,' originally at 
Wiii<l*orCaalln, but nownt llnmpCon Court, 
^vn■••Ill«1llt«1dfi>^lbaI>llchl■lu")^Vo1'k. Evtry 
Inily ill Kn|)land i-xp«Dtini to bn painttd in Iho 
Mtno mniinrir. and iliora i* hardly a fiunilj 
maniicm in l-'iiHlunil wbich doua not {mmmum 
muar (lorlrail iH-iirin^ Lety's uaiii'V llin niuti> 
]ii)Mniiuhiivi'lii«'ii !•<»• niiprvcinlrd tbun lliuse 
rif bin laitv i«ilti>r>, tbimirb )ii« beat work may 
bp found in 110111" (■!' llii-ni. Aftpr the naval 
virl'Tval ><iil'>bny in ItUiri. ih" Tlukiiof York 
con imnni Fill I'll Lilly tc pnini imririiil* of thn 
mlniirnl'aiid (■oiuinmiilur* liitliri'nirnR''mi'nl. ' 
IVpv" n;™iu rocorilB on i^ Ajjril HltH5: 'To 
Mr. Lilly, llie ]>uiiiter'*; und (lien.' invr the 
liiiuiU, K[iin>- tliiifUml, mill iill lK<i,'nn, of ibe 
ll>|{ir'"*'ii >" llK'tnti'Kn'ui II|chtwithlhulluke 
of York airniiiHl 'b" Diili'li. The Duke of 
York bnlh ibrmdono to han|; in liiBrlianilM^T, 
nnd viTv II "■■ly they iin- donoindood;' and on 
Ik Jiilvlli''diiiriKl iiei-i>inpBniL-dViei!-adniinil 
Sir VV'. I'en to the pninli'r'ii house, but 'no 
full of work Lilly in, that he was fain to take 
hi* table-biiok mil lo K<e bow biii liiue i» 
nopiiinled, and n]ipnint(>d t'n ilnx* bonce for 
bini to oomo bi>twei-n levnn nnd eiglit, in ihe 
inofuing.* Il would Ix' impoHibli^ to nniiine- 
i-atu the portrailn pinli-'l by U>1y or undf<r 
hia dirroljou. Ili-*idi-i the Iwenly at llntaji- 
ton Court, there are niimeruuii rinuipliv in 
the Nalloiial Porlrail Gnllerj'. Uv »ume- 

tinM* pwBl«<l aobjcct-pwoM, bat luuUly in 
troduc«dbiiHU«naa a'Hagdalewi'orMB 
KoddeM, Of fTOitpa of duldna w eupida uA 
ba Mh aaala. Atknolotbanuacuriotiamint* 
ing nf nude flKuni*, rapCMontin^i; Charlw- II. 
as a abt^ihurd, diicoTDRiifr a noup of nvmpli). 
Lety nuKht bav« •ucoMOotTliBd hu Jovotai 
binuelf to land*cap(»>pamtiiut. Like other 1^ 
ahiuuable portrail-pointera, lie kipt a niuaber 
of B(Hi»taiit», aiuoog ibein P. il. Lankrink. 
J. B. Gaapara, Uylenburg, Koe«iratea, and 
otb«int to paint tli* dnwrtM and acceaaorin 
in bin picturta. Ilia farouriie punilik wei» 
John Oivoahill [q.T.]iuid Mary Iwln [q.T.'i 
from tho not«book> of the latter'a hiubaiul 
Wn.uR oopied aamu intoPMtiiig detail* lu to 
U-ly'a method of paintLng. Later in life bo 

met wilb rivala, vuell M James IIuy<maiU, 

Henri (iasoar, Suooit Verebit, John Ilajld, 
and utliers; but hi* aupremncy remaioed na- 
ahnken until the arhvtil of (iodfro^ Kneller, 
with wlioiQ h^ wax broutclit into iniinm1iat» 
rivalry [c>e undor Kxnu.Kiil. It enii hardly 
bn driiihtnd Ihat Ijrlv. who fully amireciati>d 
Kni'llnr'i mcritJ, waa (jreally ulVeclcd by 
Kni-llir'* mpid iiueci--M. Lely was kniKhted 
by ihi-> kiuh' nt WhiTehall on II Jan. 10T9, 
and received ii (traol of aniu, ' Argent on a 
eberron bpl ween three rose* irii1«>,l«av«d and 
doeded ttroper.amullot or' Inspire of failing 
health lie continued paintini; 10 the Ihki. <)b 
the OTornincof 30 Nov. lOfiO.Samb.dowagiir- 
duchivu of Sometwit, arrived at hit bouM in 
Covnnt fiiirdnn for n sittiuR. utid found tbat 
th« pnintcr bud died suddenly that nionuing. 
He WHS burltd by lurohliffhl. ouTPec, in St. 
I'aiilX Cuvent Garden. wh»re n nionumelit 
wunereetud to bin lueinorv, containing a bnat 
by Griuling Gibbon* and an iimiTiptiou fay 
TTiotna-Flottiian, He*idii»hi«IiouM'inCovent 
Garil'-ii l.i-Iy nl»o had one m Kew, where ba 
rc-'id."! during Ihe nuinmer monthii. aod li« 
piin-hnm-d all i;stnte ut \\'illin^hatn in Lin- 
colnahire. Must of the contemporary writMV 
ill prose and vorse compoaed pan^gyrica ou 
Li'ir'i point in (,■». 

Thoui-h Lely ama»*od a Urge fortune, h« 
waa IniiBh in BHiienditiir^ and neglectful of 
butiuMa. lie bnd a mairniflriTiit collodion of 
picture*, incln<ling m-vi^ml by Vandyck, thn 
cntaloguoofwhifib wuipnoled byKnlho.and 
lint ill more n'liiiirli'iM' 1 <ll< rtionufdrawinga 
by the old niiutrr-, III iri'. "i ubidi he bad ac- 
quired al the sale uf ili< liml of Arundel'a 
collectiuu. Ill hi* will, lui .1 1 Fnb. 1079 
(printed in full in ' Wills from Ihirtor*" 
Commons' Oaind. Hoc.), ho appointitl Ho^i-r 
North ('/. ITSi) [q. v.], with whom on with 
Ilia lirothent he wn* on 11.7018 of ^Tent iu- 
timacy, ona of hia execulon nnd giiardiaa 
of bis chUdrea, Ilia eatate in I.tncolanhin 

) ttft to Ut (-lutdivlt, and tftvr llwir death 

I b« fold lor tlia bftivfit of hi* m-plirw in 
'BolUiuL Tile «»(iunl-tKiok of bU itxf<cutani 
MpwMUfTfd in tbo Briliib Uuietiin (Adilit. 
MS, ltiIT4). Ilia collcoiioa of pietunw ww 
wU hj uctloD, kAer an utempt faikd to din- 
pnw Of ihMa bjr lottery, to jNi<r hia niuuf-rvus 
di'Ii<- Mid lefTMiM. Tli» |irini« mi'l (Jntuiiigs 
»-"■ oUoiola in IBST.llii'iwU'oeoiipy ill); forty 
day>4, and producing i6f)0W. Hit mnrriral n 
b«tiliful Kti^ih«aii»n, whovn iiamr liua 
Bot bi-»'n »j«>ri«inwi, bm who had bmn Im 
Butma. Ktxl bi>m<' him two cliildn'ii. a bay 
and a (till, brfoiv liip mairiaite. Hi* obil<liva 
WK undrr ag« Bl bin d«atb. Hit iliiuu'i'^^i 
Addc gub»M)iient]y mairifd a Mr. frowd, 
■tid dird in wr Bret «biMb«d ; ancl (lie fwiD, 
Joha Ltfly, bAw beiiif a hookd of gMat 
■■XMtjr 10 hia ffiHrdiaiMi, wa» nMrried to a 
d*B(ht«rof$irJaknKnatrlibull,baTt. L«ty'« 
ICrmndiioa, Jobo I^l.v, was atvo a [iiiiuteT. but 
4if umall mirrtt. 

L>«>5 rrK|uviit]y painted hisowu portrait, 
which iJiowH bim to hav<> been a bandioine 
naa. A portrait group of himf«lf aoit hia 
Umi\y, v'uh muucal inatruiBoiila. ii in thv 
Udbuen coUcctioii. 

Then atv Mine fine drawinKH br LfIv in tlio 
print room at tlii* ItrittsJi Mtinrtiiii; fofont! 
«f Edmund WiiUt-r »tr' ' Tli'.- Ilvtibv Hon«,' 

JUDIMI? 1»R!. 

rWalpole'* An«4at(* of PitiDtitie. «l. Wm- 
mm; Vtf.ari AISv <I>rit, Muh. Add. MS& 
XSWJi.'t) : WolimnBii aod WuanMan'* Oa- 
•chiebtsikrMiUtMi. SaadtnitaTenEvdwAlNde- 
Btia; Kwin'a !<■>■■■ eaWwIun ijar HolUndtdw 
■a VlaunKh* RsaUfdiilitat*, At-.-, La NaWa 
Ptdimaa at Kiipihtii : J. T. Sniih'i Streets of 
LoaJon. t. 263; Boger Korth'* LiTca nf Ih* 
JlOTtha; Ja«M|n3'* AntobiosTBiili^ of Il<>n. Rogar 
Xottb; L««*ii HaBpCon Cflntt, ii. 2I() ^ intbrniM- 
ti«a f Aqid (roorfn SAttt, C3-, and Can*li* 
Hofttida da Gn»i; aulhoriliM quoted in tho 
U«.l L. C. 

LEHAN.SiK JOHN (l&44~mSit), lurd 
■BTnr :>f LMidoo, boni at Saxliagtam, Nor- 
folk, in l>>44,waaTOiiuig«>raoaof JobnLeman, 
of (iilli Alalia m inS'orfolkani) IWcIm in Suf- 
hfk, aitd Maiy. dniiKhlir of John Alaton of 
FMaBbani, Bedfordahin'. The familjr wore 
JhiriWIiliilfrrnii John d« la .Mbh*, wboHndto 
fiwlaiid fram the Nelherluidii.iuul din) about 
I4H. Lentan carried on bu^inw^ in Tliaiun 
Street, ne«r Botolpb L^ne, and waa a miiinlx^r 
of ibe FiibnMKgvm' CocDpan}', of whii'h Uv 
aertr<d tlie oflcs of prime warden in iiSlI). 
II» waa electtd alderman of Ponmluui war>l 
<in ir> Ang. 100.5 (City SkwA, Rwp. sirii. i 
1 ei),niidHn«d lJi»officniof ■bmffin 1606 
■nd (rflotd maTor in 1610- 17. llcwaa'i«> 
uoTvd' tnm I'ortaokcn ward, appanotlj to 

l^ti^'bntmi. which he TTOce««tited in thv 
rnar iif hi»' mayoraltj (A.Kep. uiii. f. XA\. 
Uy ilia prerogative aa lord saat'or bea^in 
rcmovnd, on 8 Oct. I(tl7, from' J^ingboum 
to Comliil), which ho repn-Mmiod uniil hia 
death (A. Rep. xsxiiL f. I'Sd, xlvi, f. IW). 
Upon Ilia inaugiimtion n* lord mayor, ih« 
Fiabmougera'Compauyproridedapi^ont of 
UBiunal maguiAeence. It was conpuwd bv 
AmhonyMundav.lhe cilv puel.and wu ea* 
lilli'd'Clir;»anatcin,llii< liold^'n Fltliiufj or 
Honour of Fiihroon^n . . .,' I.«ndon. It!l6. 
Tlir oriHiiial colomi-ii druwin^ (or t lip d*ivicM 
are 9tdl pnwemd at FiKlunonger*' llnll, nnd 
W('rervprodur«dfortlieuonipan;rin fncMniilr, 
with a rvprinl of the pamnl and hiilorical 
noiea, by Mr. J, Oougb Nichols, F.S.A., in 

InFrbriiafy ]61ll-l 7 I^'inaii, while mayor, 
waa Tery ill. 'Thi* Fnrtii'h ambawidor luid 
hia company Iwii nif-bl.' John Cliamb«rtnin 
wrote to Sir Uudlrj* C'arlcton, 23 Feb., had 
a ' great auppcr at the Lord Mayoi'a, who, 
poor man ! ^lad been at deatli'a door tlieaa 
MX oraevm WMlu'(Xtrit<>U>, Pnyrtttn <f 
Jam** I, ni. SVS). li^mnn was hiiigliKKl 
on y Mnrrh fallowing (MKiTALrr. tlmtl- of 
Knightr, p. \W)f and later in tlw ycjiraunip- 

j tuoualy entertained at bis liouse near Hil- 

I Ling«gat« wrtrral lords and other mi-mbtrM 
of till' privv council while tb« king wan in 
Scniland. To him while lord niaror John 
Vicar* dadicaled hi* traadaiion of Praiicia 
Ilorring'a poant on tho Oimnowiler plot, 
' UiMluerallystorio,' 1617. 

Lemanwaa^oaaeMcd in ItKKi of ihi- manor 
of BnUDpton in Suflotk nud the adrunion 
of ibe church ; be aluo buui;!!! the manor of 
Warboys in Huntiuf,ilu[i-rliir(< ul' Sir Olitrr 
C»orawi>li (cf. FlTI.i,KB, tl';rlitff nf Hm/lanrl, 
1*411,1.474). He di>d m .March ItS^Q, at 
tJu) adfancrd agn of rlghlT- eight, and was 
where a rich monunient wu ewctrd to hii 
■nemory on the »oulh siijo of the than™!, in 
what waa called tbu FiMbmoiif.'ers' Aisle 
(Stow, Sumy, bk. ii. p. lt<7). 11.^ nan uu- 
mnrricd and wn* ilio Hrat baclielor tonl mayor 
■iiic" l4fil. t>iic-l(ling orronMuaty ei\M htu 
awife,whom hocalU MargarMColTen. Ij»- 

' man waa •uceeednd in hi* Snilolk riintoa bjr 
a BOn of hi« elder brother. William IrimBa, 
^(.rlrteve of Recclm in lOSK), Jl.l'. for II«Tt- 
loril. and Ireaiiurei^^t-wHrto the parliiuncnt, 
wiih whoae descMidanta ih« manor of Bnun]i- 
lon *till remains (Sees Ltxa, Hirtoiy i(f Sitf^ 

/elk, u. lftl-6), 

Hv b't* will, dated R Julv (codidl 17 Dm) 
1631, and proved in the l'.0.<'. ^ March 
\fiS2, AwdUy, 30, I^maa devised bit mnu 

•nafc and giardan in Ballygate Sli«at iu 

IWl-Iw, wiib ftb»iit tiling »civ« of laml in 
BarsliAin, tnd ImiiIa ia oihor |arwlii-* orSuf' 
folk, for (h« fnundtticti Bntl niippart of u 
fnc (cbool at IIdccIm for fortT-aalil hays 
(Sir<:u.ix«, SufM, l SI). Hu also l^fl, 
ftfflO[ifC otlier obarilable bnuwata, bu sjinuitj 
of I'JI. to ihe Coinjiut}' ut H«biiioiiK(«»i to 

SiurcliAM »m-«m1 lor the conpasj's atoia- 
bU( at Newinglon Bull*. During h>« life- 
tinm ho Mnivnjw] his UoDW c«ll«d^tl)e lltiM 
Anchor in the Miunrinn to truiMM for tbo 
b«n«fil of I bo poor of t lie parUli of St . Botolpb 
without AliJt^lu. 

A thnw-quarter lun^^lh poMrait of Leman 
bv aa iioknuvni art»t in at Ilamptou Court 
nUoti, ibe oaly oitiaMi in that fiall«n'. lie 
wMnian aMMmut'sMMulvt euvra ana a ruff, 
and M mprowni«<l m a baro^iaaded, diminii- 
tive ol4 nan. wil]i pointed bMtil, atty 
irhi^n and liair. In Ow Iwckfimunilani 
Lis amu and crvat. A duplicalo of lbi■J>ic- 
tureuintb«oou^t-rooIIlal Christ'ii Hoipilal, 
of which ituciturion he was pmidmt in tbo 
jrear of Itis death. Anot-lmporlraitofLMaan, 
of thTf*»qunrt«rl«n^, in biarobMand duun 
M )onl mnynr. rrfnuin* in ihe dining*mom at 
Brain pi ou Hnll. 

lUlioriiT Camtninonm' Rituorw, ili. 101. 
»ii. inS.'vaa. xiiii. 19). ixxit, p(. vi. p, ItJ; 
Th« Fiahniooftani' Hiupkni. od Lunl MBjor** Dajr. 
ISie, »li>«l bj JoliQ GuDgii Nididi^ F.i«.A.. 
18S0, Sod wL pp. I«, *c. ; Clulurbuck » H*H- 
(otd«liirii. ii, 411] C. y^-a. 

LEMAN. THOMAS f l-ei-lKB), nnU- 

?iiary,bor[i at Kinii>-H'], Norfolk. on 39 Al arch 
7r>l. waa llt« Hin of cbi' Kt'T. John Lvmnn, 
of \Vi.'nhu1anHnI1,^airo1k,byAtlil«|dauffli- 
lur of Clvniftit Iti-yiKildstif Oambndge. Jl« 
anl«r»d Euunnnual Oolleifv, Ckmbri^v, at a 
Dvnaiuner, on 16 Sept. 1770, waa afUrwMda 
mHow commoner, and Emdiintf^d B.A. in 
1774. \le wu choMn fcllou- ■>( Clnrc Ilnll, 
took holy oirdiini, proceeded M.A. in I77r), 
and van madmitlW to Kmmann*] on Nov. 
ITSS a« a Disit' (hj-o) fi-ilow (Col/rof llf- 

Sitler). i\t l^iutuiitiui'I hn fornitd n la«iing 
'ieniUliip wilb Williaiu Itcnnitt [q.v.j.aAer- 
wurdd liisbop of Ciijyiii'. lliriini't conferred 
on him th«' clmnwUorebip of C'loyno in May 
I7CIU, irhirb hn wan romiwUed to IMtgn in 
1802, un nci-oiint of non-rMidenoe (Cottox, 
FmliJ->-l. Jlibm>.i.-ies). Inl7?81n!waa 
elected F.S. A. With Bennvt hn vi#iled xytry 
Konian and nrilioh road and atation in Great 
Britain, and lilwrally ooumunicotcd hi* ob- 
^K Mrrationi to connH histoiun*. To John 
^H Niebal* hcnrnwntodan «Maj'On tli» Itonan 
^^ HoadaandStationiiin LeioeMmlutv' (/fuf. 
I of tMcatrrAirt, rol. i. p. cxlvii) ; for Robert 

I Cliittcrbuck 111' wroN- a ranmoir ecOMroing 

und I he T««id» and rartli vorka nbicli formerly 
cxiited in it, whciliur of Brili«h or Mnatwa 
oripn' (JiUl. Iff Jlrrf/orJ»kirr,vnl. i. pp. vi- 
XVII); to ICoIktI Surttvu be wnl mdm ob- 
i>ervnt ions oil thr lioiuun aud BriiiabMat«of 
Ihirhnin, eccoiiijianied Imt pUiM of roadu and 
Atafionn; for Sir R. C. Hoare be ennatmclcd 
Kitai- map* for hi* edition of Oinildus's 
'Ilincrary of Arrhbiabnp llnldirin tbmiigli 
Wall's;' and lo Klitabt-tli Ojlbtimc lin roni- 
munioatcd tlie *iili|;bt iltctcli of iho .\nti- 
quiti-.-- of Ernvx' wliii-'h in pn-Sxcd N) b?r 
'Hifttoryuf EMes'(iip.i'iv). IK-likmiiMtfur- 
Bi«bed much infbrmatiun cuaorming Briliah 
and linm&n anlJouiliTd lo LyMua'i ' NtaKun 
liritniiuin.* nnd .1. X. Brcw«T*a ' Introdiic- 
lion to till! Hratilica of KngUnd and Waltut.* 
AlcmBwii!i,\rehdi!aci)ti (*nin, lii- ujuriiitGd Sir 
It. C llonrv in plouniiic thi; ' Hi»lntTof An- 
cii^nl WiltcliirF.' lli> bclii^vcd firmly in the 
p>nuiiimetiit of ihv ' Itini'inry' of Kioh&rd of 
and th« edition of Uiat modem (brgreir pul^ 
liahed in ISOft, with n mn«lalion hiiJ cob 
Mcdrra WUttkirr, vol. ii. pi. li. p. IB). 

Lt^inun divd at Bath on !7 Mnreh \i 
and was buried at Walcol. He niarrinl. fir»t^ ' 
on 4 Jan. l7iHI, FniuCM 1^, 18lbj, dauKhliT 
and bcitviM of WUliau Mud, barristi-r, and 
widovr of Oobnd Alexander Champion of 
Bal^ ; and aocondly, in January ldl9, Fraa>| 
W8, dauithtirr of Sir Robert Dooiie, b«rt., an 
widow of Colonel John I lodge*, who DUrviv 
him, but he hod nu diiUlmi br sither. 

He was a founder and orifftnal truntoc i 
the Balli iDetilution, and lutl to it ibirts 
folio voliuiiM of genealocrical collM^iion* : 
mnfU'd in rnnntJe*, log«th<>r«ilh som« vmln 
■b!e uiiliijuarinn boiiko atiiiniatt'd bv liimMtl 
Two voliunoi of WiltiOtirv |iodiirTve« asid 
volume of nolui on Itoman nnd Briti«h raad_ 
and Hlntioua trtiK bcqumthnl by bim to Si 
n, C. ilnao!. 

[NiflK.l«'» UlMtr. of Uu iv. 703, T07. 708,1 
vi. 4SS-£4. 4AS. aOS, viii. 187; <i*iic. 
189(1. pi. ii. pp. 378-4.1 O. G. ' 

1871), iiolitLtian, ocoond and nldeal aiirviv 
ing aon of Msjor-p.-ii(.'rul John (iittpard Iii_ 
MarcliAHt [((. v.], by bin wifi-. Mnry, nldMSl 
dnuirhtiir of John ('ar>-r, wiw born at N«w^I 
ca*t|p-upon-Tyn», .t Jiif^y 17110. By tbi.'dMitlt| 
of bin fulbiT at SntnmniicJi hi« inotber waal 
left in Htntiic^nl ciri'umxtnncM, and he wasJ 
brought up by lii> malnmnl aunt and herJ 
We wiM ediicate<l a( Eton, whrri' hi* noiBsJ 
occnm in tb<* wboul lixio for IMMi and 1808^] 
and at Trinity College, Cambridg*, baM 
suemii lo hnvr inkon DO d«gree, and wa 

Le March ant 


Le Marchant 

ratli-d ta ibe b«r «l i.inrolii'» liin in 1^3. ' 
In 1t«ttb«MblisLnlllii- 'I'nvmilioinoflhe 
H 'i«(' of Lords in ibi- Onidiwr I'wrn)^ 
> Uirii,' in whidi caw hu bad appcanO I'ur 
ilir p«iiitaa»r. Upou tbv noonnuendalion I 
of Ilia rolW* fmnH, Williaai Brougkam, | 
l>onl Uroauli""- "" l>econii%' li>nl t^liaiw . 
mllor in 1H9U. appoiiil'il Uim liia ptiiidjMl | 
■~r, r<:iBrT. l>unnetli»(|i'tuilM on tli« H«fiocia 1 
!. . Iif'iuu-nilwr iti^hilT in ibu lIouM of, 
« oniuinn*. aiul ^rmttr diiiiDSuiilird himrl 
avU by thp tvporw which he t>fvparvd for tlie 
lup fif iiiiiiiBliin (fSrevitU MrmiArf, Ul **r. , 
■li. 'i^\. Ho Wks k|n>oinr<Ml clvrk of tb* j 
rronn in cbatKBrr in Wa\. mnA in tliat yew I 
nliin) k biskly luccv^iil [Munnbtoi, 'Tbu 
Urfurm Minut rr tB>) til* K"ronn hirliamml ,' 
in u'bich bi-1 iiilitiiulo frii-oci l^nl Althuqi, 
•ixl bIoo Ix-rd SianUiy, Lord IMioprston. 
mmI (inUiAm wfiv contribulun. Il ran 
ihTongh nine mlitiona. From ISSOloIMl 
hr w«« n«Ti'l«rr to lb* bunrd of IttAr, and 
during Ibi- liut fcvr months wac aUo joint 
m-rrtun- totbe tnwiur}-. l^(d MHbourn* 
cTi-atnliiin a baronet in AuyuM IKll.bcfon- 
hiat-ii^ office. He (^tornd iIm> Uouao of! 
CotanoiM t« it. I*, fof Womvier, 6 Jul; { 
ItMd. but Mired in (be follovinx year. In 
tlwKiuwe]iadmininnitionori)sl< liebecune J 
■ifuler-atCRtary for Ibc bome dp]Mirtni«nt.aiiil 
in IMH rolonled to ihu cprtflarvship ff tbi- 
ban) of trade. In IbMI be wai appranti-d . 
ckinf dark IoiIwUoum of Commonn, wbicfa 
ofiOTbM>li^ until he ret imlirilht lie thualu 
(if tin- Wi^aav i4 Cammimi- in I(*7l (mwIUs- 
kiiu>, i'lrl. I>fUt4t, «ir. 23a>. He died 
3()(ict. lFi74ai Bcltrave Kuad.l^indoii. On 
I* Jan. 1635 bo U»A married Sarab KIim, 
fourth iUu)|1il«r<ifC1iBrl«() Smith of Snilon, 
£*jir]i, by whom lie bad two win» and l«o 
lUuifbiera. llepublUbed privaii<ly in I^II 
a lU'nfiir of liii lailier; editwl in IKIR Wal- 
foir-'u ■ Memoir* of (Iv Hi-'iga otlivirfv III,' 
with no1e«i and, nt tlif r>x|iii.-iit of Fnuerick, 
♦•riSpenrer, Iwnmiii ilie • Mtmioifsof John, 
Viaouani Altlx^' wbieb, bein< led incoBi- 

f'tetv at bi> di-Bili, wiu competed anil tiul>> 
fbe>l in iK^^ by bia mm, Sir llfwry 1>enis 
1^ Mun-liaiit. 

ITiniM. i N'OT. 1BT4: lHii>CnU*d Loodoa 
Vtr,. S3 Fob. IBAI : AdikmI RfpUar. ISTt.) 

J, A. H. 
(17im-l(>13), toajoT-Rraiial. h>>ni in 1706, 
and ilatM<ided tnm an ancient Omrntey 
family, wn> nldiul (on of John Lo Marcbant 
(a rriin^l otKr--r o( IIm ~th dra|ti>ow>> and 
hi* *'ifp, Muria Iliracil, daughlar of Count 
Hirxrl de Unitinii, marfcfaa) dc camp of the 
Hwiw iruard* in the atrvioe «t Fcnncc. Tbo- 
ma* U Marcliuu, of U Marchant Manor, 

Gnemaey, Iieut«nan1-baitilVof the inland, woa 
bi* ffrandfalber. lUwim pIxoHlut -clioolat 
llatli, wlier« th« fiiiuro adoiirnl, Sir Sidney 
Smith, ira* ono of hi* arliixilfollnw*, niiil the 
nuutcr, l>r. Morgan, pfonoitDcul l<i> Slar- 
cliant ihc gretttott atinci' he ever met. 
Broiif^t boau. lie tunwd uludiuun, and with 
lb« help of the family biillcr, an AiDrrican 
loyaltit aiMl a man of aoiM educatiun. made 
op for pMt naglecl. and aoqnired habit* of 
application that lantnl tlirowh lil«. He ap- 
pear* to have pOHHiurd a turbuloBt t«DDp«r, 
wbich In later yearn he xirovn •ticcMafullj 
toourb. liiii yiiuth waM fuJl of mca{iadea. 
On Sl> St-pt. 17^1 he wan appuintod enHjrn in 
the Wtlt*hJr« militia (not a Yorlcshiru revi- 
ment, an bia aon atalM), and Mvualled oia 
joining by calling out thn colonel for insult- 
ing him. Th* colonel hud tbo wisdom to 
*niooih naatttm orer, and another duel Le 
Matclinnl hod in vi>ew with a Yorkshire 
Oentleman (the refpmeni won quartered at 
Voik) wa* Btopped by liie [leon- otfioRra. 
Ili» Aon belieTM tbmi W6tv the only affair* 
of the bind In wbicb bo waa evw MH- 
cemed, and in al\4T-life ho bad a gnat horror 
of daelling. lln waa appointed «qisign Id 
the li'i royal foot on 16 Feb. 1783, and on 
th" eve of i-mbarfcinK with bin regiment for 
(•ihraltar wu enticvd to a (piniinjt'luinsn in 
Dublin by n nuperior officer, who won ^60/, 
from liim. The low [irnetieBlly uiennt lliu 
aacritieeof lii:(»)mmi«f<iom,butlbe nHnmenlal 
paymaAler ctiiiieto lii«tv«eueon Le .Marchant 
tiitiiig a promts, which he relipoiialy lcept> 
neter to touch cani* iigain. lie spent some 
y«arT> ingarri*on at (iihraltar, oecnpying lii« 
tjiare mnmenta in ■kelrhing itcnery in Spain 
and Unrbory. When at home on sick leave, 
uftei un allacV of yellow fcTor, ho married, a 
»leDreganltdh}'hiii family a< most imprudent, 
both partiw being under a^e. l.e Marchant 
wa8Miitbackinhaaie<ohi!iTvaimeni,hut waa 
ptveently traarferrod to the 0th Inniskilting 
drsroons at homo; and th»«ice, after obtaining 
hislieuteannry,ta the 2nddnignoa(runrd*,of 

J neon's harii, whenr lie nttnu-led the notice of 
leorK* 111. with wbom be bncamo n grtal 
favourite. lie (urTEil with his regiment in 
tlie camiMigns in tlandera to 17U3-1, otn 
laiiiing bis troop in ibe former vear. In 
irUA bo was promoted lo a majority in the 
li^th light dragoons (now Innei'nl.'lben in 
aitendanco on the conn at Weymouth and 
eltewhei*. About this timn I^ Itlarcbaot 
dcvikcd a Kyiilem of cavalry- sword-«xotci*a, 
which waa apuruml b^ (be Duke of York, 
and lisitMl the principal tword-fvtlera in 
, En)-land with a view to thv introduction of 
I a better swortl. His ton atatetr that a pat- 
tern suggested by him waa adopted (experi- 

Le Marchant 


Le Marchant 

tnt-Diallf fl in tlw blues in 1707. TliU U ' 
out vur^ cUt&r. liut it appflar* prtibablu tlint 
tile Bvrord meant wm tliil nfti-rwards uwd 
by tb«> lifbt oindrj iu llii- IVninButH. it 
ciimd wuapon, wilh tlie kilt «pI1 ibrown 
forwdid, wKiol) id ftduitted bv ihe b^-- 
nutbariliea to liAve b«iMi an i>sc«ltnni »woril 
for cutliD)[, and to havn bunn br no mi-nan | 
lii)pn>viKlbvliit«rni'Hlifii!iitinnii. The mn■t■.■l*- 
•M)tod I^ Morckuat wilb nswurdmrr^cui^i- 
tioii of liis i-lturti. and he received a limilsr 
11^ friHu Mr. Utbonu? of Dirroin^ain, than 
oneoflha rorHmocI bWonl-cmWiin KiiR)pi>. 
In nVilie Marcliaiil irn* pnimotci) to nlinu- 
t«naiit-«obD«lc}' nithout purrbuic in Hom- 
mach'* monntt'd riBoioon, a iii-wl,v rniwd 
fomm carp*, and translenvd tliro'iigli the 
2Bth lijfht dragcKint to the Ttli liglil dr»^uou» 
(now liuxuinl. Th» lalt«<r regiiinvnt wm at 
tliut timi; ijUntliTod in ibe neJalibourliood 
of Wiinlwtr unilcr pommniid of Lord I'nfrol, 
nfl.'fururiU Iir"i Tnan|iii» ol' .VnKlMey. 

lIiTo Lfi Miifchiml alurlcd bia pngcct of 
RClioii!* (if IDM ruEil iKM fur ulllcfin, A liuUHJ 
wii* tiiki-ii lit lli(.'li Wvcoiiilw. DiickiD^ham- 
idiin-. wln-t^r fitnienil Frftiini' .Inrry [q. v.] 
WBB i^in;ii,i:i''i It >!iiliv"r tiiPliKnl liiclun^ to 
vuliiuiiiry I'liim.'n (if touiik orti.?LT». Jnrry 
eoim fiiiiiui ihiii riicliun-'tiiufj' militnrv know- 
IimIri' wm 111 too iow 1111 i-bb in tlic Brili^li 
wTTic'; for Lis iiii|iilH it.i ].riifll by liw ti-noli- 
inif, iiiiJ rwiiiuiQi-iiiknl ibi' fiirinotion of od- 
dltiuiiiil rli.iii'.'iitiiry obii."'i>. I.c MnrdiBilt 
tbeii -iihiiiill-'il la \h'' Diilii- rif Ynrti it plan 
forn imliiiniil piit«b1i»!iiii-iii, wbicli wua ctim- 
liii'iirdd im It luMiii'Cillicinl I'lfidiig in ikt Mmo 
yimr (I7UUI. In Juiiuur)' itiU] a jiHrliamen- 
iiiry «rniii of aO,fX)0/. wn" voii»l for a 'royal 
uiiiiTur^' co!k*ge,' to ponnint if two iltiparl- 
mi-ntf, a Miiior at lli^li WyaonbiT (wlinro 
Jarry in* appointi^d cmiiiiiiuidaut|, and n 

I'tiniorat Omat. Murlow, IJotli Iiuvl' »incn 
ifenrttnovi'dtDSniidburBl. Iien''ni1 Williuin 
IlkfcourL [»L'i- lUiK'ouRT. Wn.r.TiM. ibjrd 
ElHI.] WAS Bppuiiitud (Toveirrmr, nnd Ijj Miir- 
chmil, who Lad been trniisfpiTi'd l>i thp lind 
dnmoii" ifuardu (bfl,T«), ""d nfti-nvnrdii went 
on liiilf-pny, wiui mitd» limiii'niiiit-pJviTiior. 
mmtal pay, nmounliKl to 2.0001. a yL>nr, l^i* 
Mnrrhnni IipLI wilh msrhi-d ubiliiy for ainn 
yiiiirn, diiriiiiT wbioL lime over iwo huitdrod 
odicF'r*, inuludiiif; innny of Wallington'a 
I'uuinsuliL atalf, pu«ed throiisli his hand*. 
Hu vacuicd the po«t in ihn onlinary coune, 
on pcimioiioii tn tb<" rnnk of mnjor-gpneral. 

Ia- MurfLoiit wa«opin)inl.'d Inn Lriirndpof 
cuvalryiu ths Fi>niu«iilit in If 10, and jniiied 
tbu army iu Ibe antiimn of iLat yeiir. ITo 
v/BA pnw-ul at ihu captuK of ('iuduil Kodrit(o, 


nadnt Ll^rvnaoa 19 April lSl:i.n|i»B,«'>i 
Sir Tbiitniu Qraiinia's rurpi nifar lUtln^'O. lit 
ofi-'rlLrvn- two >'rvDch rcKimmia of cavilrj 
wilh tlinv sduadrous of ibe StU dniginn 
t'lMr'- Jii«l bvlbftftlio battle of i^amukn 
I M i-r'bniii bvard of ikviWth of bi> xiilt 

), V\ t.l.l.lXllToS, Sii/ypl. lifjip. vii. Il>'i(. Ai 
tlm bnltln of Salamuncii. 1*J July 181^. L« 
MarcboJii'* brigndi-, roiHiiiint,' "f ihe <"ilb'' 
dnitii'uoii Kuitnts and lb<-- 3rd drB|[uoaa (nov 
buMars, but at that limu htiirjr cavalry ),wu 
povlod al the right CMitrv of the allii.>*. la 
th» fflmoiH charge of the hiigsd*, with An- 
nan* light dragoons and BiiU^ troofi of liorM 
artillery in iiunport, a l-'ri'nch infantry divi* 
■ion wan uttnriy muted, iind fiF1e<.-n faiindn<d 
priaoiicn tukcni (NirtEB. Jlirl. I'mia*. H'ar, 
nv. t-dil. iv. W9-70). it any cavalry writ 
aruof opinion that Napivr. in LIn virU) 
Knption of the episode, La« underraT^nl t 
otTi^ci of the charge ontbeMicceeeof tlioday,^ 
LpMnrchonl.whocm doirnitixofthnctiviBy' 
with bin own band, wo* mnrtnlly wouiMleil 
by a mupkoi-bull in tho aroin. Ho lired 
just long unough to wh< iL<r aurcma of the 
maiicetivK. tie wnn buried Looiily in an 
olive-grove hard by, and u hideous monu- 
ment wnji put np to Lis memorv in ^(- Paitt'a 
Cutlindrnl. Wellington npoke of Iin Marchant 
pubbcly mid priviititly ii*'« Tiiryiibic olBcer,' 
and of bis dentb ok n gn-ut lo<« lo the arm' 
Le MurtLnnt bud b^ Iuh wife Mary, daugf 
t*r of John L'iir*>y, jural of lluemwy, tei 
children, iiicludint; lour son4. His «ld< 
■on,Car«y, lieuli'nunl and captain Hral foot- 
pianU, vat killed in the b»lii" nf the Xive 
in ll^lS; and thn fourth, Tlioma*, dii^ a 
retired major. Ilii inncmd and (bird ion>, 
D^Dia and John Oiupurd. nro noticed «epa- 
niiely. I.e Murcbiint wai a widely rMd 
man, an iici'oiuplisbeil ilrau^ibldnian, an4 
aomcthiag of it musician. In pulilice 
waa a tdodcmlr wliig. ^Vli«in al II 
Wyoombs ho nupportcd a whool for 
cbudren ol bia own cml, at a time wli 
opinionn re*pncting popular «tuciition we; 
much dividod. He wrote ujmmi military aui 
R-cta, but fpw of 111* writinpi Lave bei'n pu 
liebed. lWidi>s bin 'dnviili-y Sword lixer-; 
(■iw ■ i 1 7(H)), h(! drew up ■ A I'Isn for prevenl- 
i»f[ P.-ciiluiion iu iboVorngiiiff of Curalry,' 
He uUo ciiiopiled'TliL- iJutvofCafalty Offi- 
cers on Outpost," biiBed on the practice of the 
PniBunnaud.'\<iiilriHiiuruiie«,obscrvud when 
Le Marcliant'a rr|iini(>ni, tho bnva. wb« leni- 
porarily al Inched tn a combinnil force cover- 
ing the Ipfl Jiuiik of the Pruuinna during the 
eiegii of N'nlnncieniu'*. The worit was onfitrBd 
by ilie Duke of York lo be printed, but waa 
never put into tj-prr, and no trace of it could 
be found among lii* papvrs tSU" the author's. 

Le Marchant 


Le Mesurier 

^Mlh. In l"»r-« mrn* jiiiUinh-xi Lit ■ Elii- 
dilation of ovrtain Poititk in II, M. Itc^uU- 
tioiu tnr CftTftln',' mid )ii< ' Invirurtintw for 
tW Mnvnmi-iil am! l)i*i:iplLiw ijf the Provi- 
Moaml Caraln,* thcUltvrb<riii|{ cvrlaiii reu;i- 
Bcnt* rutcd nt Uw tltni- uudi-r lli* Sui>]i1l- 
oii-Dianr' Militia Acts for lioniv M'FI' i (.'>.' uii tlip 
jilaa-'f.buidiiiiiiKl Imtu.lliuCviu.'ilili'rAvalrf . 
Ad vic«U«iit puTlrait is pnlisttd to Sir lliDia 
Lf Marehaul s ■MrmoinfMTOnicrmlLi- Mar- 
(tiant.' Igll. 

I Burk*'* ItaraorUc* uaArt ' Le Uardual :' fti» 
bnia Lp UanhaMK Jlfiaoirv of Onnpral Im 
Muclunt. LoadoD. ISII (of ihi* work unly 
SHMf oopiM Tore printed): Pari, Pajimii, Ac> 
<oa»M and P^n, 1010, toI. is.. .Viliun K»- 
mizT. Knjnl MililaiyCoUtgr: Nafncr'a Uiri.uf 
PsMMiUar Wu-. r«T.«d.<ro}.ir.; UiiMOn'i Ulfl. 
lt«««t(U.iail iDil £tb l>ni|C<>»n (iiiHrdt; Combor- 
man iiitrnnfi. >. ITS- ^ : <iurwo«l'« W<U, Dc*p, i 
SvppL Utap. rii. 19a. A94, xir. 30. >1. ii-T. dA, 
CI, M. 70. HG,] II. ILC. 

rAKH (IHU-]»74). buuteDnut-ReDtrral, 
votMiial ii>lmini'>ir8i'>r, third Bon oi Major- 
gMW-ntJ Jotm G«^nl 1^ MardiAiit [q. v.',, 
wu hen in 1WI3. Cht 30 Oct. I»M lio irn* 
■ppoiatml nnmi^i in that lOdi foot; in IKfl 
b« fancaoip lii-iitonant in tlic Aiih foot, in 
less captain in llx) -irtl) and aflcrwnrits in 
Ute nrw 9Hli fool, uid in 183S major in t)ic 
laitn' nK^mmt, wiib wliich he M-ned at tlu? 
C«|i«. All hi* »lm «xc«pt ibe 6nt vevne 
pnrcbkMid. In 183S be excuiiged to an nn- 
•lladied uiajnrily, and Wm oppoinled ad- 
JMUaWMBral, witli tbe rank of brigadior- 
MMVM, in tlw BritiiJi aiixiliiuy IwiQU in 
SpatB, under Gctiirrnla Jivani [mm Ktaxd, 
Sib Pt Lifi] and Cbichortwrf*™ Ciiitnra~ 

TSU, BrK ClIAKLSa^ in tbr Corlial war of 

IfUft-'. He wa» pKMent at tbe wlief of.and 
Mtiion Wron*. ttilbaa >a S«t)i«mb«r 16^, tbe 
aAir* cio tlio liMglita of Arlwban in Aliva, 
(le-lAJan. lKt<,n,tbtnuNngofth*Ki«g|«of 
aaaiithaatian and ibn storming of tboflnrliit 
liiM<*(AMaj lK%).tbcpauiiKcof till' I'miui, 
tlM lakiBK of I'aHiai^, ihr fti-nvrnl aotioii ul 
Ali> in Clcl'>t>cr iNiU, and thr^iivral action* 
At Eniani, lO, 1». IT., lUMarcb li*37. Forlii* 
■pnicn to tliir uiR^i "f Sjuin he was cf«at«d 
• bnif,-bt-liacli«V>T ill }**3". and reraivoit spe- 
cial pMBiimoa to woar tb<> Spaniiih d«cora> 
tiooo nl Saa FnrBaada bmI C1ibtU« III. In 
1831) h»purcbaiird the liruittiunt-rnlonclcy 
of IIh> Will foot rtitumine from Matiriiiii!i, 
UuJ io It^fi was ImufurTtd to tJii>)s>llili).-lil 
infaniry, maming rrooi ihu Wnt Iudi-.-«. 
B *' '' ' oor^ \nr brougbt iiilo a hitch 
t' pline, iniToducinf in •Mcli a mott 

riu,~...,'.. .i>t«m of inlt-rior economv. H« 
loft tlic SOtb iflMU, on wlcclton '(or ibo 

goveniiaenl of Newfi.uiidtikini, lie bn-uino 
colonrl in 1H51. mjiior-jri.'ii"rni in i'^Vi'.lieii- 
l*nan(-i,'i-n<>»l in I8tl4. Lo Murrhnnc was 
livutcDaQt-ftnvi'mor of Ncvrfnnndliind Irvta 
t'cbniai}- im? In .lutio iK^ii*. lii-ntcnant< 
at>VDmor of Nora Scolin from June IT^'J to 
DecfmbeT 1M7, eovcmor of Mulla front 
IM!* to Itm (duniiR which puriod 1»- held 
local rsiik of lii-uli-nont-ceDtrrnl), and con- 
ninnit<'r-in-clii«r at MmirM from IbOA n 
18rt(*. lUwn»BK.f,B.Kivil,18«fi),G.C.M.<i. 
(letiO),a iiouli-nnm-gpii/Tnl and colonol 1 1 1 b 
(Upvoiii>hin!)n-(iiiDnnt. l.ttMnrchftiit dindat 
80 St. iiroigf* iiauarc, London, on *l Fub. 
1H7J. Ul- ntamud, in IMiK.liic third ditugbt«T 
of iIlh K«v. KoberT Taylor of CIin<iii Camp- 
villp.Staflbrdf'liirv.C'obi^irHisof li«T matemat 
iinimiraihvr, Mil- Rer. John Wit kins of Clifton 
IIhH in ih" M mo county. 

[iiurkr'i Bannotng* and Knizhiage, 1873; 
ArnijLirtlii; Cutonidl Lilt. IS73; Duocna't UiaU 
ADKlu-!^^nl>li Lai:inn,I>i|]iWB. 1S7T ('')■ IHutr. 
London %>«*, 1874.] H. M. C. 


ITlMl, puinl.T. Sl-l- V.»x LeuBNe.] 

180<i),oiitiiiiiiii»iitry-gunBral, born in (iiiornso^ 
in K'lK^n'yoillifrnttonof JohnlinMcurief, 
iipn-dilnry irotvrmorof .Mdcmfy.whodicdin 
I71».l '*•••■ Hiiilnr I.i: Miai'iiiKM, Jons, 1781- 
IKI-IJ. Ilitvillund vbluined a schuUrvhip at 
Winclivdhrr (.'oUcffp in IT'O, hut mipiFd it 
in ibi- neit jma, and afti^r «ppnd>iig »»nia 
time in nittcautile coniiri-tion with hit falber 
and eldwi brotlwr, 1'hIm, uitMTi«id in 1782, 
anil joinol a lnrg« tntrrAniil^ finn nt ilnvri>. 
Tlimcn bo n-movMl to Ijondon, but li-i^iaff 
•iiffirnd in the romnwrrinl iiiiiii*t«T» of 171)3, 
he acci>pt<sl till- pciit of adjutant cinmni»«»ry» 
p.-ncriil of slont*, supplin.andMonige' witli 
■ lie forces on tha contincni uader oomuiand 
of iliv Dub^ of Vorb [««« Fbeockicx Ar- 
orBn-i", HvKF. or YoRKlof which AMt-nusa 
(nft'Tward* .Sir Brooh) Watson had bwn «p- 
jHiinlod cominisMrT-giDnMnl. I^n Mmirit^ 
wilt, nclintc cntnmiHnrr-gonnnil of tbo army 
diiriniT ih*- wini'T n--in.iit through Holland 
and Wiulplialiato ItriMn(>n in 171M-5. and n» 
CL-i Tc^d I he hif^hwt coBunHudatiou from Count 
Wuluiudrii (tli«i elder) and (ieneml Duvid 
l)imdai-lir:i-".-lhL.f)|'q.v,] After his rvtum 
he entered inlo pArtnrrsblp with hit brother 
I'aiil [ii'i- b^'lowj, ml I', and II. 1a^ Mi-»iirior, 
mrmhnnu, ;i Aunlin Friani, City. Ilurinff 
till- invMinn ulnnnof I7!.i6 he wan npuointrd 
comiiiiB>ary-firtic.-ni) of the soutliern district, 
where be iiLtroducedaiMwnUnof supply with 
the warm approval of Sir ChorlM, anitrwards 
the fln>i FpAtI Htot [<). v.], who commanded 
the district. Itpmbncod thcwtablishmcatoC 

Le Mesurier 


Le Mesurier 

depuU of «ton«, Mch in durae «f n ' reserte 
foni, t'lini'iiigliBin, And HocfaMWT. In l(K> 
tliP |«Hi of oommUMr^'^ienunl ui KiialBtu) 
wix» created or rMtoiwd tor tbe benoBt of 
Hir Bnxik \V«tMU, tod Le Mwuripr, lioldin^ 
tlioi be wu tlienby placeil in a M-rondnry 
pMiliua oontTM^ to MpTON) ulipuUtion, i-o- 
tared Into » aprited oontravcny witli tlie 
ftut]ianti(«, wkidi «iid«l in bi* rtuitrnniioii 
ill Jiiii« lrtO(X AU tlie officvn rmpluycd 
under liim wi'M aoOQ kft«r redui-'ed, iiuil a 
lor ally different ntU-m introtlucvd. Wbvii 
ilie Addinnlon aJiuiniit ration took olDcv in 
Uaroli IfJOl.Le MiMuriur wm r^nttaleit, ami 
WM Mint tu Egypt, to suuvriniond the rommis- 
Mriftt amngMiiont* of ih^ army n-tiirning 
tnm ih«t country, wliicli invoU-iHl a sub^;- 
mitrnt extc^aion of hix Rurricr in Multu. 
Kaplois Uii elae whorr nl t hit pciLiv of Ainiens. 

he MmuriiT wiu nurvivina jmrlniTof llie 
flim at ki« death, nhicli lut>K ]i\a<v m Gn-Al 
QiNtrKe Street, Wlvi minsUr, o Murrli 180tl. 
He iniirried in l^Vt'2 Miit« £)U& Dobrt« of 
Oiiernii'y, and by li«r bnd four •ou Mid on* 

IjO M«»urior Wm author of a pnni|ihlnl on 
'ComuiMnriiil Diitii-* in the I'Vld/puliliabed 
in IT80{ of ibc ' llritiili ('iimmiiAary' I t-oo* 
don.SroU. ti^ltil.awuTkdeilirnlucl lot.'ouiit 
Wumodon uid Oirnvral UundaA. n-bicb went 
throuffli taveral edition*; ur'Ttiuti),'bt9 on a 
I'twiui InTMloii'lLouduu, \79^), wliirU ahu 
i/ronl Uinm^ oerml vditiunt: and of "Two 
Liatlon to th« ConuniMioneni of Miliiary 
Acentuit*,' Psi>o«ing eoinmiiU'itrini abiuv*. 

[.i: MwuniKU, TAfL (17&a-18l»), lont 
niayur of t.nudiio, brother o{ Uw ftbuvv, born 
in Uuankwy :KI Feb. 17fiK, vtiteml in 1770 

mi't\-fiiint of Walbrooh, London, and v/m 
well kiu'Wii M a nriu agrat diirinfif (he 
Atucririkn irar. In i7K) h» jiMned ibe first 
VollintArv mililarj' dim iria I ion formed in Entf- 
land.niiif ro«i'iol>uei>lon«lof the lloaourabTn 
AttilloiT Ooiupiiiiy in ITM. A* a prupriotor 
of tliu Eaal India Campamv he «-■■ *>> aotivi> 
in hM opiicaitiou to Vox'* XnAU Itill of I7»:l 
lluu bu WM amioiuled a dinvtor, and was 
olwtod 31. P. lor Soiithwark at (lie eleetiun 
vU«h followed ihn defeat of Vox'* meakiiro. 
H» becnme aldnmian nf Ikivrgnlii Wnrd in 
OMobnr l(Si, wai ■hurift in 1T'<7, and lord 
mNVOT in 17m. Mis b»«|nlBliiy in llie latti<r 
oIKee, nlmiya very liberal, una nhovii to 

CtMt ndiantafu at his entntuinaieDi of 
iwaUii, the govariMrfvMn] of IntLia, 
wbmpnM'ntedit'iib the f^«damof tbecily 
in l>M»nibi>r 171^1. U Moaurier diod ODee. 
1006, and w*i buried in the eharehrard nf 
Clirift CltiiTCb, S|>itAllield>. lie married in 

IM w 

177^Mar7 Hi^ whom 
be left n soQ and thn^ dauublen t Gent. Mag. 
lt«tl,pl. i. pp.81-»). 

(Oenl. Uug. leoS, pt. i. p- 300 : lUrlUond 
Lc Mwurior'i writingsr) II, M. C, 

1813f, lieiiti-niini -colonel, win of liavitlulid 
Le Mwururr ^(|. v.', comniiMiary-^nerni, ««« 
uriL-itially intended fur a parin<>rithip in hi* 
I'atlivr's house of buBinccs. He w-D««ducal«Hl 
at a itcliool nt Snliaburj', and aflnnrnrda at 
Wv«Ciuiui'tvr, and early in 1800 vrns lurnt to 
Dwlin to learn Ovruian, Tlienr hr- arquirvd 
military Iait<«, and in Jiintiury ItSUl an eu- 
ugncy won nblninsd for him in llie royal 
slolTcor})*. lie wu mlwoqii>^Dt ly proinuled 
io a lieutenancy in DDct nf ihe limit«<l-«ervic« 
eompmuM added Xn tile SDth (iioi, but ih« 
Coni|>Bny wuis reduenl BI thenejm^of Amlen*, 
and Le Mesurier, who had been with liiii 
fnllier in Biiypt and I'aly, wan appointed 
lieiiloiunt tUtrd fool. luAugunl liWS bo 
vnterndtheaMtiordepanmenl uf iho ItoyaJ 
.^lilitary (^llagv. High Wycombe, anil wu 
Hilt to nstide at Kiel in Ilolnlein lo imiirove 
lii(n*elf in QeraiBii. On I'K AiiK- IKU Im 
waapiomol«doapUunSlKl riu<ilier*.nnd, 
pautiig a dialingiiithed e.taminaiion at ' 
Wiconbe, was cmnlured on the qu> 
ni8fil«r-geuMal*B tlaiT in Kent and oUMex. 
lie WB* • donniy-aa»i»ta)it <{nar(ennBator- 
grtmrol under >ir^alinMoiw« in Sweden and 
at Coninna. Iteliimtng (o the Penimiiln in 
April ItW, he wiis appointed by ^Inrthal 
UemfurdaiuprrnuniiTntry lieutmau I -colonel 
in the lltb (.Vl^rve?) i'ortagUMo infantry. 
The n'Limeol whs nl Cliavee, in a wreteb^ 
Mate, the olllcvrt old and inelRnenl.and from 
two hundred to foiirhnndreduf the men con> 
Mantlytick. pTOTiaiona w«n acanv and TM7 
kigh-^tired, and not another Eogliali olBoor 
wiui within fifty milp*i>ftli(iptiK<r. l<eM{«D- 
rier KUccTvdcd to tlia comnuiid. ai!4|Uiced ibg 
confidunoD of the oAie«r( and men alike, and 
hrou^t the pediment into escelleat order. 
He wan appointed l*ar1ugiKie militarv seero- 
tary to Lord Wellin^on in April lt<ll, and 
was prmvnt in that eopacity al the battle of 
I FuMilm d'OnoTO, A May lAu, but aoon »- 
I aignvd hit po«t and relumed to hit npiueBt, 
UiiStVt. ItSl the became a brevei linuirnant- 
, toloiHtl ill the Itriiieh aerriee, and wiu b|h 
pointed oommandaut nf the fmiiiii^ fnrirrM 
of Almeida, whore h* di(|iUye<l mitcli .ikill 
eMl activity in brin^g tbe defenceH and 
I the garrison into a Mate oreffleienoy. On 
' goTemment land and on tlie vovemniient a&- 
I oOMiit lie rabed com enougb nr llie aiainl«- 
' nance of the gairiwn of AlmaKla witliia 
_ ran^oof iu gun*, and viihih«(Btigv« labour 

Le Mesurier 



<tf till- ipuTid'-ii lir mifijd rjiou^ puialurs to 
•uppl^ ifr&OO noD fui thrcu manlbK. WIteu 
>> rltitiKtflci prv]Mu«d tor kia Sail advuic*, 
Lr Mouiri«r ynt ajifniiilcd to oacatnand lh« 
J'Jtb I'orlii^iMw; iiifoutn'. tt» hm rIioI 
ibmugti lb« bnck of tli>^ bead, wbrii lending 
hi* nFcLm«'nt, in tha baltlo of ibn I'TnitiMii, 
SSJiilr, uidaMdai July I6I3,M tl>i>>geof 

i^ UvaurMO', tlioufli txA of robfUt CDMtl- 
tutiod. Mid a BTHit tuBenr froui f«TFr oucl 
■gBH dnruigibi- IViiimuUr vaiupaitnit ^*» * 
rtry actiTe ojIkvt, lie wan xii< UMulator 
of ooe »f two FivikIi siilitarv work*, and 
WW cmtmaud b^ Manlial BMMfotd with 
flw comptUtion ot ngulMtioau fyt tlic Porla- 
gaf» army, wh'tcb ynm noarly n»dj al llie 
ttBM of hU doatb. 

lArmjUKs; Oanl. MaB. rp. 490, 
«M. 1014 pt. i. t1>- ttU-M.] H. U. C. 

IiE MESURIER, JOHN (I7ttl-I843), 
OHIof^fMant, but haivditaiy Kor«nior <i( 
AUUfnuv, bora in I7ttl, waa nltbial hmi of 
GoTprnor Fetrr Lv Umunpr, wlio died in 
IMS (ae« Omf. .Vay. I»US, Pt. i. iH ). and 
gnwMuaaf(>(>VKni'>r Jobn Lv Meaurii-r, wbo 
£«din I793(i».i:i'3.pi.i.3;'l). .\UlOTnun 
Le Ue*<m«T l». 1^06, m. i. Kl) and Com- 
wiaMrjr Harilland 1^ UeMiriar |_q. v. j inm 
UaaBcW. II*waaappaidt«d«iMWiiiBl7M 
la tbo IXfiu) bigklandcini, boBi whiek abort* 
liTfd onrpo Iw waa pramntcd into titp tVlb 
batpUMi bwcamccaplaiti-lietileDant in ITOiX 
II* wrrrd Willi a flank battaUoaoontnandFd 
bv OoIoihJ Strirart Ui tbv Iriab rabtltMn of 
liOB, aad aflerwarda wttb bit rrgiimnit in 
ITOB-ldUO al iliH occupation of Mcmina aft«r 
blockade and capture of Malta uixWf (i«nrral 
Tlomu Orabam, lord Ljnidocb [<f. v.], and 
III tba casipaisn in KRTptin IWI, including 
iba balUaa (viorv Aluxandria, tlii- dofencc a( 
RoaMU, and tbi? mtniiidirT (it Cairu. Aft«r 
ibe f*ll of .\li'iitndriuilw t?Mlb vm>jarled<in 
board Lord Knili'a fleet uo a wctel expe- 
dition, I be dMinaiiou of wkicb was tup- 
poaed to be Itraiil i bat on rMCbing Malt* 
paace ««* fiMin<l lo liava boos dadanNl, and 
tbe ragimMit rttiiraml to Inland. Aflnr at- 
HiBifir kia UMoHty in Ibn Sfhh Le Mcaiirirr 
rMipM ouball-pa<r. Tbi> gormiflientof AU 
iwrwj, li> wbieb l/f MeMricr aucceeded on 
bia fatlwr's dratb in 1803, was otiffinally 

EoIihI to an anweior of the faniVy, Sir 
■Hind .Vndrot [q. t.]. by latiero palenl of 
CbMr)a» U, and wa# mnnrad to tjt Maaiirior'* 
■nndbt hrf , Jobn I rii Meauriar, by Gtor^ 1 1 1, 
HrapBTi'Ml of niDiTiv-ninAymra, in 1713. I.« 
JlMuhrr, wbo, whiff in ibi^ balf-|>av liit, nl- 
lafaMdilwrankof major-mwovl, rvoijnifd tbfl 
fntmatai at iba radol l$H. lit di<.-<l at 

Itraillield rtace, nou ltcadin«[, i\ May IMS, 
ogwdlS!. Ilemarriedin le(MMnrllia,daii|tli- 
t«r of Alderman Peter Pocbard of London, 
n uatiro mf Oiwmiey, and bad one win, in 
tbv diurcb, tho autlior of aotni! amall booba 
of deTulinn. 

[AnnvLifU: GmI. Hi^. Ia43,pt. ii. pp. IM, 
3D1. and prticwliuK n>i». ui mtfra.) M. U. 0. 

LE MOINE. AKItAHAM (d. 1757), 
thiwlogirnl cmifivt-rHialiM, wt* probably 
tlio win of oni< of [Im IIugiiMnnt n>iii)(M<* of 
thai nan>« Htttb'd in Ku^lnnd. From 17^t 
lo 174:J hv «-M rhunlnin io ibf Frtrnrb Ilo*- 

Gital in London. In U'JV iur U-'catnc' rbnp- 
lin to tbe Duke of I'uriknJ, who in I7.M 
pTMen(«d him lo ibp rectory of Evi-rley, 
Wili*liir«. Ili>' liamlwritiuu apMrti in ibe 
rwislpr till 11 JuU i7:i6. 11«< dicil in llie 
fonowins January', anil was buried at St. 
JamiHi'a, I'addintiton, ISJan. 17^7 (LvwiXa, 
Enrirtnu <tf LouJan), hut liii tgubitoae hns 
diaappvaml. ilia princi{)nl work i* a 'Troa* 
tiae on Mitncte*.' a rvjAi I<> Tbrimaa Cbubb 
[•]. *.l London, 1717. Ifp nliKi wrule 'A Vin- 
dicatlou of tbe Litpnil Account of tbe Fnlt,' 
liondon, 17A1 , beiur a reply to Miihlleion i 
and *A Uefenca of tlie Sacred IliAtor^' of tbe 
Old TVatamami t^nat tbe fraundlMaokgoiy 
tioua and falsa inMntiatjons nf ibi.' latn Ijord 
B(din|[tirDke ui Iii* Lviirr* on tbe Study and 

1739, and 'iMien ai^aisit I^bertinra.* tbe 
Il«^ie, ) 7S:f i of Rinbop Sberlock'a ■ Diater- 
tation« f>n ib-^ l-'nll, on S«cond Epittle of St. 
IVer, on I'niphwv, and on JaODb'a nimainff 
to Jatkb,' Amnterdam, 17'12. and of iho 
anutiTniuUB>Tn-al of tho wiinctan of ibu 
K«iun«ctiun ot Jesu* V17:n)), t<> wbicb he 
added a ' ItiwertaliOD biilorique lur U-s i^crita 
de Mr. Woolaion,' i.e. Thoniaa WouUton 
[<). T.], ifae Hague, lT!Vi. 

Two brother*, Abraban L* Moine, bfini 
10 Vfh. li"24, anil Joseph !-• Moim-, np- 
panmtly *on«i>f tb»aboi*,enlcrrd Mt>rcbant 
TayloTs'Scbool, London, in 17%'i. Tlieforsiar 
eradualod II.A. from Catharine Hull, Cam' 
uridKi', in 1744. 

[Ererley piridi tvfritim' ; Aenew'a Frtnch 
Prot. F.iil™, I/)ni)oii. 18X0; Sir B. C. Iloara'a 
Modtrn Wiilmbiiv. I/itidon. \»TJ-4i: tiant. 
Ma^ ITfiV p. en. IHIS ii. lilt; tStot'* Xin. 
IIiiii. Kcclte,, DMT »d., Fana. 1 8Ai (incnrnct *B 
to date of dmih) ) J. O, A. 

LEMODfE. IIESRY (17.W-1812), au- 
thor and linokii'lliT, bnrn in Spitalfiplda 
It Jan. 17'ifl, nnd hnpti«<>d in tlii> Fmnch 
Ilufcwnot cliurrb Mc- Iji I'liTMnte in Drown*! 
l^nc, SpiialRpld*. 1 Feb, 17'itl,wa« Iboontj 






eon (if li'^iirr l^moiii^, n Frcncli prolfitnnt 
reftip^o wlio liflil ceHpiMl from Normnndv to 
Jffsnj, Biul tuVm-iiiK-nlly nKitlfd in SpitoU 
flfliU, I^mdtm.dymK in April 1760. IIi'iiry'» 
moilicrr. AniiL' I. Oeiiptt«, w** n nativp of 
( riii'ni-it'v {,Jiopl. tCrff.t lie wod vducated at 
a fnre Bcli'wl !»/ 1(111 Kind lo ibo Freucli Culvjii- 
i(c|*illTll«-.-Jlit-i.'Illi l>r 1 .OUiliMl, riil770hi!Wii> 
appti-nlic'ii irt a olnTiomT hiuI mi; morphnnf. 
in Lamb SliiTl,S]iiinl(i.'lil*, whcri", in npili-of 
till" si'Ti-rity "f lii» miuti-r, lie found mt-nnsiif 
inilutifint; mi L-innivuniuii upprlilL- I'ur Wokn. 
From Spilullirlda ht- fi-movfd uljoul \7~'J to 
tln' gliiip uf Mr. CLnll-.Ttijii, wlm wiuibilled 
lliti lrB<W<'r Imlit'r itiid Wukiiellur. Wliilw 
willi CbnTlcHoii he wtivi-' fnr nil nniiilfiiir 
(Imnintic club tvm 'wiiiricnl' pinp«. ■Tlic 
Slinging Nftllc' nnd'TbrUL-wivrdof Moril,' 
wbicli uri! dfscribi'd by a conti-iiiporurv crilii: 
aa ill CUurcbiH'ii benl manner. Ni'itlitT up* 
IH-nr! to be i-\luiit in ils urigimil Airui, but 
loriw extruct* from ibc 'llewonl of Mtrit' 
uri' giv<in in iIib *l/)iid<>n Magnxine,' July 
nnd August 17K). (.In koTinp (linllrrlmi, 
Irf;inoiiic Imvubic for a tiron tn-ncli master 
ill u liunrding'«dioul at VuuxbuU, ki'pt by 
one Maanypenny, and led (lie mnsivr and 
scliolan to Wlleve liim Jucapnbl^ ' of speak- 
ing a won) of Kiifflieli, Imi ibe coiitilraint. 
waji too miicli for liim long to bcMir, and | 
impKrtiiig lilt; MK'ivt of hu dinguise to the ! 
majdH iu tlic kitoheo ho reoeivud Iii« di&- ' 
miitMil.' On comiiig of ace in 1777 hv in- I 
ht-riied tome praperty In Jt'rwy, under the I 
vill n! nn aunt, Ann 1^ Moinn, wlio lluddied j 
io I7ll6. Aroordin(;ij Iki purcbaiipd a book- I 
■tall in tlie IJiiIf' Minorica, and dovoC«d his ' 
leJAure to writinK for the miguinea. Ho i 
alwi diti|ion«L'd drugs and speeincs of various 
klnda, ^aperjally a freely adviTlisud 'bug-' 
watof,' ihi- recitjp of wliidi be obtained from 
n Dr.TliomiiB MniTVAt (QlUXaKK,A'nn> H'oti-l 

III I7MI lioRonoved to a ituid in Biiiliops- ' 
gate C'liuTObvonl, and bocuue ucf|iiuinU>d ' 
wiib IMvid ixTi'i [q. v.1, tlie Jewiali spolo- 

f;i»l, wbom Ijo «u|iplied with materiale for 
lia fontrovpTCV Willi Dr, Pri«Ml«y. About 
tbiit timo he IWiiuontly (npped with Ijevi 
ttud i3lher minor literati at tlio liou«! of 
Oi-orci- Lnckington [u. v.l in Cbiswell Slreel, 

uud lie ii probably llie 'Mr. L -e'mpn- 

lioiied in Lacking! oil's* Aiitobiograpliy 't 1 3tb 
edition, I). ]8r>). Uudar the psi'iidiinym of 
'Allan Macl«od' lie aiibwiuui'iil ly atlnnki^d 
I.ackin^lon in his ironiml ' Xjichington'* 
OoitiuMons randMod into Narrative,' Lon- 
don, IKU, am. 8to. 

In 1760 ho publidiod uionymou^ 'Tlie 
Kimlinti Ounte, or the Hittory of Lainiiel 
I.yttlcton,' a narrative ronntnceiufour 13dio 

rolumnii: tbDlubriciiy oftbe vrarkiii 
atoned for by its *iuonil' dintiibutia 

CunitJimentii and rvwards. Alwul tliiti 
e ulso indued a reprint of ClcUndV * Fa 
Hill,' and on 8 (h-t. I7>« uas adinitinl i" 
freeman of tUe I^-oth<'r»id!wT. Company by 
rcdr^miirion. In 171K) hn piil-liilif^ a rhyisfi 
vnrHion nf lllair'a ' (inivr/ which tun Sren 
di'jcrilu'd n* u ' great impruveaent ' on ibf 
(iriEinul, nnd two veara later he stalled tL^ 
'Ciiiijururn'Ma^'Hiiiie/invibiohiraii embudwd 
H lrunHhilioiint'I.uraler'8fHmou»'Trt<attMall 
Pliv«ioguoiny.' Tlie niafaiino hod for o (um 
a pbanomenal aals, bnt by ITtKI, when it bo- 
came known or th<> ■ AKtrologer't Mognxino,' 
I^mnini/i connoetion with it had pCMCtiooUy 
i-L-u.ii'd, al though it included rrprinis of sume 
stories of hi> from the ' Amiinian Magaiine* 
iiiid else where. Ill 17SI he cumpited ' Vi»ita 
from the World of iipirits, or iuteriMltng 
anecdotes of the Dead . . . containing norrt- 
livfi* of the appeortncoc of many Jeiiartad 
»^)iritii ; ' a Mcond edition na* piibli*ii*d at 
(!hi»gaw in IWt. In 179R he edited a liwhal 
on the lines of Uiiloeper'i well-known Ire^ 

life, entitled 'The jiFdieul L'sea of Englnh 
PlIlnI^,' and iu the tame year he started (hs 
' Wonderful Magazine and Marvellous Clira- 
uicle,' Io which h« contributed eeveral iin- 

fortantliv(«, notably llmlnfllBnind'A guitar. 
n l?!^ he was * etigngMl in the onpnrptato 
tirinting biisineea,' bnt niiniained serioua 
ueses [hrijugh the dRfalcations of two book* 
sulleni, ' which circutnslonee, connected with 
mmo domualic disagieemenia, terminated in 
luBCon&nemeDl for debt, and (eparatlon from 
hiswife'(OeM/.,Wiw.l813.i.ef8). In I7ft-j 
ho hud to ^TO up his bnoknhop and 'conv- 
mencH bu«inoss in pc<l«irian boolupller,' 
or colporteur of pamnhlott and chapbook*. 
Simiiltiineously he did inuch hndc-work in 
tli^ way of traiulution and couiDiUtiou fbr 
the Ijondon boDk«elIera, eveuiually beiXMn- 
in^ tha raeogniiwd d«i/m at bia prof«Mioii. 
His studi«t were genturally carried on In th» 
•treets, nnd his booki ' moilly written on 
loone puperw at the public hoiue." In I7M 
hi- aupplied much verte on ("harlritur and 
WertfiOT to the * Lady's New nnd I'Uc-canl 
I'ueket Mnenzinc.' In 1797 he published 
the work, of cyneiderahleciirioiiTy nnd ori^- 
tinl nieril, by which he i« cliielly tvinera- 
h(T"d,'Typ^.)graphienl.\ntiquitie*: the Ilis- 
loi^, Origin, and Progrem of the An of 
I'rinting . . . also a . , . comuh'te Iliitorv of 
the WalpoliNin I'rciM ... at JMrawberry llill 
. . . a . . . Uiatcrtalinn on Ihe Origin and 
Vm of Paper . . . o , . . IliMory nf the Art 
of Wood-ciiMirifr and Kngrm-ing on Copper 
with the Adjudication of Literarv Properly 
. . , a Cntnlogtie nf remarkable Biblei and 

OcMHBanPnv>^Boo)u,*Jki:.,ra. 1^>6, London, 
1 ?mii : Sod L-dit.. wiib ■lifrbtt; altered title, 
IMil (Anu. i?n/.«f. li. |o>. 

lU >ulM«iiu<<iill7. frum tH» to IMO, diJ 
nacb woric npoo tlt« bibiMgnpliica] dic- 
ttMMn of Dr. Adiua Olarhe [i|. v.] About 
IHOT liH kirnin 1*1 <>p >n Pnilianxnl Slnvit a 
Raall utaiiJ of book*. TowonU ibr nnd of 
hU lif<- bo banuna an iaiaatc in Ibv boiui- of 

■ Mr. Broom ta Dnny I.ann, but be viaa ttill 
«rtivi-<irilblu«]ifn. wriitcapacudouvniouB lifu 
i>f A1>nliau) Onlil^uiid [q. r/.and ilarted ibi? 
' IXvrniric MMf^xim-.'b^rora'the ooixtltMian of 
til" iirxt vi>liimo<^r wbirli liedtedonSOApnt 
I*-!-.' in Se. Itanbolooww's Iloofiiul. 

ItpsiUfii rbnvrark* mmtioaiMl nboro, mmH^ 
kU nt irbich wore inuiKt Mtonytnoiulr. l<i> 
Biaiiin wiu doubtlias lb« aullior of nuniLu 
mu bailu nod punphlei*, few of wliicb can 
bv a-illi frrtnintt i>.lFCitifii.-il, Tie WM k tn- 
quent cuDtribut'^rtulli'^'OlTnlk'mn'tMa^ 
UDV,' and tbere u* Diunenww paMnrical 
odMbjbinttponbU&llow'bookMllfn ttfp,,' 

■ list nf wbnm, iriili uiinn account of ttutir 
lina, w nirnii in (inui^ra ' New ^^'ondiirful 
MtMaum.* l1iou^ oxtnowljr indiutriou*, 
Lonoiiw Tai of improvident and too coiv> 
tWm) habatii (ct. Eemitnc Mag. wiL t. Prrf.) 
SBMton, who crvdits bim with a uoUe dU- 
ngmrdfor naa»TidesoribMbim sAoneof ilie 
bnt jodga* of old books in Enrluid, and an 
wiilMritf on fomifm ai^d Jowijih litMatum. 

(9—«loaV King. Cariosi. pp. iO. SI ; Ona- 

poctnit): limt. Uw. IH09 pi. (. p. \<M. pL it. 
s^4P. IBIOpuaim.iuwl 1811 p(.i. pp. -103.8731 
witana'tWonitMfu] Cb«rKt«n.iii.3dO-li Tim* 

etfa Enryrl. pp. tM. 110. Kt7; Miller'i Fly 
ra*. i. 10; Kranx* Tut. i. 3«T: loulilnHOin ■ 
Xtmom; N'ichob'n Lit. .\nwd. ii. TM, iii. 0S3. 
717, ix. ilT. >UI , Wmi'i KU. Brit. art. -lloiiw;' 
Bnt. Una Col.; print^i larorinaikiii.] T, 8, 

1797), niMtvr of Norn-ich (cbout, vraa bom 
bi 17iA, and gnduolvd B.A. in 1717, frum 
Qdmm' CoUego. OMubridse. He look holy 
ordns, and was BmwBtMl in 17-V> to Uio 
Tiotngo of EaM Walton, nmtr I.j'iin, and to 
lb* nKtorr of (iyiootlio™ ("now th« com- 
•olidatfJ uriiift of F.A«t Walton vrich (loyton- 
thorpc). lie lit«*] at Eniii Wulion from 
irfiC In irtlT.andwM aluRurati- ufOa^lim, 
a nvifh boo ring p«rulL. On :F^ T>(«. I7IS9 lie 
WM «iMili>d matter of ' tV fm- |^nim«r 
•cbool of N'orwicb,' iiu«Mvilinfc ibe Itvr. 
Edward Rjlooodi at 'Udr-day' 1770. 
WlMtVCOr mputalion l.i>mon miglht hare bad 
aa maiWrrTTnn itatunIlyr<(^lipHitbj hi*Kivat 
aWNMMOr l*T. I^aTT- lie ii uid tn havobcen 
not a wr^ ■hilful tcadiur. nod ihcRchooI iiank 
OMler bijB, but ' bo wo* a wortli}r man, liud 

gmt iBduatrjr, and mncb learninK * ^Joitx- 
CTOifi!, l^etfParr, i. 101). 

He raaigBod ibe maaierdliip in 177A, aail 
potm rolomod to Ea«t Walton, whei« hi- r*- 
maiiwd till hiadMtb, a quiet munlry oltrfcj' 
matt aadaa indtwlrioiiiit ajid MbolarlT atudent 
and writer. It 'v iialml in the ■ Dibltocliwa 
Parriiuitt' tbat ' tbe Corp>ratiOD on bi* re- 

, signing ff<i*« bim a unall livinf;.' Dawfon 
Turner | Lut tif Hit^nlk BeitrjKtt, continund 
from ItloiaefinkI'd flittari iff Nur/olk, l>*47) 
otntM tba< linmoo lielO tli>> tiviii^-B of Muud< 

I bam St. Pour and !$t. Elbeldred. and of 
Sceibins, but bo wm nover innliiuted to 
Ibem. He di«d 4 Oct. 1797. a«nl 71, and 
wBd buried at Bast Wnltoni. Tburv i* a tablet 
til tlwicliuiicb toktnuelf and bin wifi>.'KIiia. 
belh' Youtig (173iVlfM>l(. of V^t Walton, 
wliora h* mairieil 31 Mav 17tiO. 

Hi« pabU»lind work* pr<it>> bim to havo 
bwn ' a man of K^i-al iiidiwtrj' and mucb 
]i!«rnin|i-' Tliev ami: 1. 'GnM^e Gmm- 
maiitic lludiuimtii, ordini' norn, ac faciliofi 
nlioDi! tndila,' I^iidon. 1774. An Kn|!li*h 
iotroductioB ia datnl Norwicb, S't March 
1774. It U a well-print«d whool book, in- 
tended t<i*ap«raede *Uie Btoo Krvmuiar, Ibna 
ectaUialud (iitbi«*cbool.' Tliro'Kilutianof 
thodifficiiltioa' of lii« napIU be rewrrM 'to 
the puriual of n munh lar^fw work, wkich I 
liBvi> prepared for vuur inoro iwriou« aupli- 
fatioii,' a work w^lch Mwrnn tint to uavo 
been published. As wiu utiinl then, the 
Orofk words are witboui ai.-cirn[s, and moatly 
witbont braatbinxti. 'i. 'Two TmetV l^a- 
don, 1773; (it)'Addilioiint Ub-vrnlions on 
tk« Oreok .^ocMitd, by the late Edward 
Spelmon. «n.,' fldilod bv lrf>inon. (A) 'The > 
\ opkcv of .*nenH hata 1'roy to Italy, in purt 
in tended to "lay before the riMii)nrsi>p«ctmeiu 
of a tnucblaiserallempt.Tic aninlirrnvw 
tt»n«lation of the worn of Virgil." Tli« 
lan|«ratt«ioptwaan#verpublijilied. ».'Fnii- 
lich Btyaiolofty, or a Derirai ive Diet ionarr of 
the English LMttgotm^ London. ]7t^:t.-lioi br 
BubKription. AbandmoMbook.wellthoui'ht 
of initBdav.tbouf^onlyoiirioasaiid um-Ims 
now (cf. i^filieal JZmw. Marcb and April 
17fl4, Wii. ir7-M, St»!-9S|. The writer's 
vinw WM tliat iiio>t Knitlinli wordi wiirv de- 
rirod from 'Grwk o« the radix,' nolwilh- 
■tondiDs tbn ilinleclii tliev mav Imvo nauod 
tbmiitrb. l. 'The Miiiorr of ("be L'ivll War 
brrln-wii York and I.anouler.rouiprrbo'iicliii^ 
tlwi lif-nt of iidwnni IV and bii hrolbi-r 
Kidianl III. Lynn, printed for the author 
byW.Wbitliimh'oru.'lii'u'.wilhjinjfftC" dated 
' Kast Walton, 2 Feb. my.' TTio titWpago 
bas *tli« former part written by tbn Ut* 
Bdwnrd l^prtmnn, mq., but the inirodnction 
spenki of ■ tlio few utiHntslwd tlieetn li« {^Ttt 


me.' It u a aensibl«, wdl-pTini«d book, 
■howiag 8one knowMga both of niiguial 
autboritie* luid nf tKo uu«t booica on tbu 
mit^««l. A. A nvw rdiiion in nun ban of 
Dagid>1ii'* -IlintorvorimhBTikingBnd Unitn- 
ing thu I'Vnt nnd'Munfav*. .Vic, Witb MivM>t 
ni^w Adilitioru. Lfun, priclixi mitl innld by W. 
Wlii[linKliii[n,'><Mi. i. ii. iii. were 'just uub- 

[Johnatono'* Life of fa/rr. \. 101 ; Bibliothiwa 
rarrJAna. p. 119)1: A 0«it«nil KUtorT of the 
Cavalf otS-rtolK 1829, pp. :\W. *79. 10A1 ; 
Oritiwl lUrifir, Miivli IT8I. April \7H. OfoU 
Mug. NoTcnW iTa;, p. OSS : Cntiin^'c Olnn 
Inp nUntt Oft^ton in ihr OMon Tim«. pp. Ifl, 
18IM; Brit, Mn-. A.Wii. MS. 101«S. f. 4S2: 
Dktj'* Alhrnie Siiffolcrnsdn.] 0. W. T, 

LEMON, MARK (IftOD-ISTO), eHiior of 
' I'liiicli,' <ilili'*l win of Mnrtin tjomon, linp> 
m"n:linni. by bin wife, AHpb Collin of BcMton,»hiri?. wan lom in a, hou*? Bt lU<; ' 
north -•■Milt fomor uf Oxford ('irt>U4, London, 
on .^Sov. IWW. Kiifiitlierdyintrin Ifil", 
hu will broii^lil up by bi* ^Tniiilfullipr, h1»o 
Mnrh Lt-nKiii, ii fnrm><r lon^ hcKIi'i) nr f lim- 
don, nii'I wn' «•■«! to scbwi! nn-i-'r t\if Itev. 
.Inm*ut Wilcijnit nl Chdim in Hurrry. At lb« I 
ne" of lifii'i-n bo w'lriii tn bi* uncle. Thoin»« ' 
<'..lti», n bop- mitre bnnl nt Hosioii. lo Irnm 
bi* buniiicM, nnit ibvn, tbrnii^'b tbr' inl1u<^ni!L' 
of bin in<)tb<.-r's rn'omd bii"bnnil, liu wits b|>- 
]iiiint"ilf)riitiir)i.'maiingyrtifVi'rpy't brewery 
in Ki-ntinb Tnun. Itiir bi» rvnl pjniiw wii« 
for joiirnftliain nnil ibnitnic''. I''riiin miniirly , 
(latci ba WM in (b<- bnbii of oindin^ pooma 
Alid InloD to the miiKnxini-H, nnd in iKITi br- 
bagui bii> proliiii^' curcvT h> a plnvnTijtbl. 
fin 25 April iHli'i ibi'n* niip'.'urL-if ut (be 
RlriindTlKMHrelbe'l'. L.,or No. aOSlniud. 
aurl ibin H'lU followed nt tb{> Adt-lnbi, nl 
vuriuut ' DnmnMic Kcoiioiiiy.''.Iiii?k- 
in-ll[»-ftre^n,' ' Tli" Slow Mnn,' ' \ M>iving 
Tub',' nnd ' Tho Unilwnv HHb-,' tbi- luM iwo 
bi-inftplny.-din 18.'i4. " l)fintiny ' wa'ibti lirst 
of bi» plnv* »pt«l III t Ik- Hum-'V TbpiiIrL-, nnd 
it wiu followed by u llte-nirt drnmn in bbink 
ti-r»e, ' Arnold of Winli.drii'd." in July I'tltli. 
Tn ♦•■vi.nil of bin )»'ht-hnown pliiv", »ueb hu 
' HpnrM iin"Tr(im]",'pri"lncr'd tit llinSlrBml 
TliMiln> in 1^9. nnd 'Tim Silvir TbimW-,' 
Mt». Slirlinannd ibe Kra-liTJi npni'Brdd. Ilo- 
twnm |i*ll nnd I8il lint followms work* of 
bia wrrv ployi-d nl tbeOlvmpiv: ' 'I'hi- l.ittb' 
Uip»y,' ' (Ji1p«i Si-rofciiini,' 'My mnn Tom.'' 
'Lii»t mill W..n.' "I'limiiln pro t"iu.' 'Self 
Ai:ua(>iilion.''TbeOi.-ntk-iniin iuBlnel(,''Tb(i j 
L»dW Club,' ' l^v.. nnd Clinriiy," ' Tb* Ad- , 
■ventiiren of a tJi'nllemnn,' ' I.nvi> nnil Wiir.' ' 
' Hobin«i>n ("rnimi*,' ' WhiltinBtnii nnd bi« 
('nt,' 'Tlw Uifmon liift,' nnd '(Iwynnclb 
Vuiif^hnn,' 'iln. Wnbfler nt Homo' up- I 

pearvd at the iVdelnhi in April 18£3, uid 
* Nnmber Nip ' ia l»M ; ' PiuU IjUuto ' *t 
Dniry I,*m< in 18U, Utd ' Mmlna, nr rb« 
Libel on iIm Ladf of Cak-bii' in liUM, 
Olbnm of bin pVm an 'Tbc M.P. for xk» 
RotlL-n Bormigh,'^- Bob Short,' ' Wb>t wiU 
tbo World Mj f n ivftct plsT u'hlcti ip* 
pwred in lt)|L 'TUTiirf.' performed in |k|J 
BI CoT*n( Gordon, kad ' Oraulfatber Whit*- 
bead.' IIeirrDi««eT«ralfarOM— 'TheScbool 
for l^n,' nnd oibncs. 'Tbe Aucmitcm' 
and 'Ki^f-ArcnKation' wcm nMlodiuaa*; 
'The l^ha* Bridal' and ' FHdotiiMv' <4 
wbirb ibe music ww written b^' hi* br»- 
tljer-in-low, Frank Rocner, and ' Tbe Iixly 
of tho Lake' were oiwniH: 'Tbe Bou«e of 
IiBd.iM.* ' LovL> and Cbaricv.' and * 1W littj 
and tlu* nr»p)n,' • Niimbor Nip,' nnd ' PM«t 
Wilkina' oiiravn^nui. In mami of Ui«M, 
nnd alio paniruUrly ia hia adaptation of Du* 
b<t rolluboniled wit b Gilbert ii Beokctt. lit* 
playa minibeivd aooie oistj in all. 

Sleaiiwbili^ he oonUibutvd to ' lIoOMbolA 
Wotds,' -Onco a Wmlt.' tbn ' Illiifflrated 
I,ondon XeWfi,'and ibn ' IHuminntotl Maga- 
line.' llii flr*t nditombiji wut thnt of tbp 
■ l.nndon Journal,* for wluch be bu'l wrlttitn 
the ('bfutmnj atory almost from ito eont- 
menoomeni. Kor a iliort tiini* be editol ibn 
'Family Herald' and 'Once a Weok.' He 
ultoustnb!i«bedniKl*>dit«dtbe*Fi«>ld.' Being 
un intimate friond of Herben.Ingnim, founder 
of tb« ' niuatntad L«ndan Nww*,' ha acuxl 
A' hii ««(T«tnrT, and ataiatnd in ibn manapw 
monl of bl« pnpM for aoinn vuan. Tho Hral 
Clirialmii.'' nuppli^menl (hat it published waa 
frotn hii pi!ii. 

Ii in U.1 one of the fotuiden and fintmliior 
of 'Piiueh' that Lvmon b best Imowa. 
From lisil bi» histoiy is the histoiy of 
■PunHi.' WboCbfT llio lill« of that papw 
wii» bnrrowwl from Dongla»Jarrold'«' Punch 
in London' or not, tbft confiaption of tha 
joumnl itanlf i* diio to Lemon and Henrr 
.Mnyhcw. nnd occurred to tbem in June li^l, 
M Lemon's houne in NHWcaa(luSlreei,Slrand, 
where Lemon drafted the first nrmpn^tm. 
The first iiumbop WM publisWd ny Bryant 
oil 1 7 July I f^ I, nnd lbi> pnriodical wo* owned 
ill equal ibnrci by rbnnexrr Idndelli' tba 
riigrnrrT, Lna( (lie printi-r, und LccDon and 
Mnybi-w, who jointly edited it. For soom 
time it wni moBt uunni^cnuful, and was onir 
siived from dl«u«ler by (be moner whieh 
l^mon vin*. making by his pU)"*. Tlii- paper 
was iheti pnrchnsi'd by Bradbury ii Kirana, 
Mnyhewrr'Tirod fromlho editonihip, nnd tho 
nolo chnriro wu left to I,amon, who retained 
it to hit death. His salary nt Urstwu SO*.* 


wfB-k ; a I lli» ln*l it wim 1,50(W. fn annum. | 
Uiirinic (be lwnaty>i)iii* you* of liU eoatrot , 
of ' I'linnk ' it nol nnU atlaiim) the pMilion i 
uf • iiK-iai powi-r, utA uumbwed •nonK its 
ooninbuton •JmoM «U the hunwriiU of lli>^ 
ils^, bat it WM singoUrly free from ali 
nmlencw, uiiiJue penonftlity, or iirncwneM— 
tbvbrti ncw>rthM th^recMibeor tbopurit^ 
«Ril g<v>a BUuro of Ijwdoo'* ^inirularly nmi- 
ah)i> and boonU niod. In lulditioii to liii 
wort mi 'I'uiieh,* he «■« Imny with oibt-r 
cfllirpriun. L«le in lifi- In.' ivgta irrititiff 
nuTola, tbcKiRk irith imll^rmil iiuo(v##. 
■ Vail fi)rlll« End' Bpp«alv>l in IStM.' Lov«<l 
K LmI ' in 1«C1. ■ FattlkiiM Lvlo ' in li^Mt, 
' Unrtwi Hall ' in Iett7, and 'Ooldvn I-Vit<-r* ' 
ia lf*6K. ■ 'rbn TaflVna IVttioxiat,' ihoiigb 
finiftkui), wiM n<il piitliibm) Iwfoiv he died. 

Ilo vra* on nmatitur actor nf muck talent 
and buEDOiir, Hit |>rrf(imiiti]c<ab»)lBn inl84fi 
at Miu Kelljr'flTbvalrv in Solio, inconneclion 
with tb>^ Guild of Liti^raliirp atid Art. lie 
took tbe f>«rt« of Ttmiinn'firiii iti .loncon'a 
'BWT llan in ht» Hninmir,' wliich wat T«- 
palMat Kni'bwarth, HiTlfoTiUbirti, in 1847, 
tuA ot t)ii> MynloriouB iStnainir in 'Two 
oVlock in ibi! !Uonung.' lie aolod in ltM7 
ia >laacb«tef. Lirrrtiaol, and BirminxluUD, 
and io IHld H)ijii-arpJ al llpvddfJiiiv MoSH 
aa Sir GtMrfTrvy ThoriuidH in a pHrformanet 
Won Ibequeea of Ljltoo'a ' Not m> bad a* 

a.' and in llWftand iw; lie took part 

M Mrfonuuiiw* of till- ' l.ii!litkniis>< ' and i->f 
W u ids Colli na'> ' i''r>ui!n Itivp' at TnviMiN^k 
liiMIM, flayinc I^nl IVayfonI, und in I6tl7 
)m plajed in (fin 'Wolf in Shcej''«CUilkinj;(" 
•I ilie A'lel{ihi. in a pM^omiaiici* arra[i;;i>'l 
tj the 'Piincti' MafT for till! Iwnvlll uf ibu 
widow of CliarlM B«iiiiell, a roiitribulor to 
tba|«pi«. ll>'aUo)n>« T«ai)ing%Mpc«iall,v 
of an sdni'Intionof hi* own play, ' Heart* nm 
Truni]!*.* in 1867, and k* aTmnirnd and took 
itir I'bief fatt in a lerica of Mnii.'i from the 

* iltinf Wiireaof Wiiiduir.' which hnpntitUsI 
' FaUlaff,' flrvt at thu (.inlipriof Illuslrutirm 
in Ileui^nt Slrc«l, and huIibmiiivdiU* in \^S> 
M *ariou> t>la«m in tke north uf En)ilaiid 
and in ScotlaDd. A portrait of kim in thi» 
olianwtvr br John Tennitl app^riv] in th» 

* lltuamtwl Ixiitdon N'rwi,' niid i« pn-fiicil 
i« J-aoph Ilatton'a ' Wifb a ^^how in tli* 
Nofili,* which oivM an n^mint of thi» c!m- 
nialio Imir. Hp n'rol<> al*i> al dillnvnt timiM 
■ (Nnuidtmblp number of fiiry luW: *Th«> 
Kn«lui()i«l Holi; ISV>, 'Tlie Um Book,' 
'J.*gund«of Xiunlj"r Ni)>,' fldajit«d ttotn Xhf 
in If^M, and ' l^flon Hall,' ■ Tom .Moodr'* 
Tain,' and * .\ Oiini>tQiiu Hnlnppr ;' nnd^n 

rnbliabnl ■ wi-U*known (yillMrtion of jail« aa 
Mark Leuum'n Jatt-Book,' and in 1807 tliu 

• XflW TabU^Hnok.' n<f had di-liv<rrvd at 
tho OalK-ry of Illmtration, from Jaiiiiuy 
18112 till riomc time in 1863, • mtim of hi»- 
toriciit and d«vri|)tiv<i liwtnnM callnd ' About 
London/ iliuiitniti-d bjr *i-t kcuim od n omall 
siagtf, which BubM-quentlT npjwart^d in ' IjOO- 
doii Socioly ' in i&Si at ' Lp and Uuwn ibo 
I^ndnn 8tTe«I^' and were tiniaralulr n-pub- 
li<Ji^d. On Jn May 1870 h« dicd'nt Viua 
(Jottnav., t'mwl'-y in SuaMX, nhtTe li* had 
livvd for K>mi- limi>, nnd wn« biiri<il nt Tfl^lil 
('hupch. A tesiimcininl wii» utibitorilMid atttr 
his death fur the bituvEil of hia widow nnd 
childivii. ' I'ucic Murk.' us he vriLi wiilely 
cbIU-iI nnioiiir h''» fricndR, was in pmon 
robii'i. liaiKl»<nit>, and jorinl, buinoioua 
ntli»r than wiiiT in liis con*er«ation, indfr- 
fntiftnbU and pMtil^R in producdon. He 
marrird, in Snpiuinbnr 1H3B, Mclm EtotOM, 
who di«d in IK>D, by whom bo had thraa 
M>ns and *«i*Hn dnufrhtMX Tbe «!omid rob, 
Harry, wrotu'Thp Co-opiTrati^'u MoTemenl 
in Il^t8 nnd a few other farcr<4, and woA U- 
] aitt«ni to his fatht-r iu hi» work on ' Punch,* 
I aa well &» coniribiiiin); lo Lhnl periodical. 
Hi* ibuffhtKr IIi-IlT mnrrieil, in 1HI14, ^ir 
Itobeit Itomrr, now b judg^ of the high 
cooTt uf jiutini. 
I [SMJoavphHation'aTraoStflrynf ■Pniich' in 

laondon SoiHdy. roW, xiTltl.ixix. uix.; (ihltltj 
Bronka ill Itlu«ir-iii>'l lyinilun F>««). i Juna 
1870; WllltTi BtnWt Liislit of Othor DaTi; 
Alhaiucnm. 2!l Mriy IttTU : Timoi, 21 and SO Uaj 
I8T0 : Komi^r's 1,'ifr of l>iclMa>i. ii. ISA : Smlla 
Life of K. Ijimnn BtnndinrH ; Edmiinil ^'ntc^i 
ReminiscBarM : infomiiklinii bum Ijuly |jni»*r.1 

J. A. H. 

LEMON, KOHKRT (1779-183^), orchi- 
vist, bom in London in 1779, waa tbc ton of 
Itobitrl Li.inon,rbii.-fclerh of tko record olfiott 
in the Tower. Attvi beinKeducat«l ill Nop- 
wicii grammar Bcluiol nndur his uncle. Ileorin.' 

, Wi]lLDmLeiuaD~[|.r.],anda«aiatin(;hi>fnth«T 
at tli<» Tower for about eighteen montlu, he 
WM appi-iiniod on 24 June 1790 an extra 
clerk in lh-> male papnr oflicK^ In F«bnHiry 
1W1 bn biH^amn lonond clork. Th« kotrpcr, 
•lokn Bnici- (1 715-1838) [q. v.T, who wjuiftliio 
hiMloriogriipUiT to the Enat Indin Cnmjunj:, 

I araikd himiclf of Lcinim'a ncrvicM in nnt- 
nnring the ' Annul* ' of th* company (ISlO). 
l,emon bMnuii- deputv-heeper of lh« dale 
paperolHceon 2-t.Iaii. t8I8,>nd beiinn to ar- 
range «yiiieniaiicfdtvrerordii including ra^t 
l«t.t^T*, Itiah and SMIiiiJi corrcapondvncv, 
niynlitt componitionpancr*, nnd Qunpowdflf 
plot pnprrK. M tli«Midof l**9Shnfoiind tli« 
tnaniincripl of Milton's tri'Btiae. ' Dc 1 Wtrina 
C'briAlianu.' Tberoupon.ou the ailriccof Sir 
Robert Peel, home tecnrtary. a oonminioil 
for piuhlidliiog recorda of hi^iorical nine waa 





UScptieSft, Lemon YrM.Mx«nI«i«^n- Wt/. lib«iy, wtd ocwipiW o^«lo™. *f 

M«og<J for paM«.iK.B. rid*,. w,tl, «, i«.rcd«eiio^ Join K 

Tbe*ui<!|M]wra w«m>uliioiuelvmw>rud F^ A,. w«a i«ibJt*Ji.iJ ).vrlu.^^^<».;- iom 

framScoiU>ilV«d™dam.O*<;TK.SiT*rt 7p^T^^ !L^^ 

to m noreiuiUbb houM built for ibem in ' - ''^?^ -^r^-J*^ •"■■ ""- "'-3; Ail»- 

8t- JuMa't Park, in wkieh Lcnmn badjuiTaiv 

•putnMnto Mimed to Uin. Ho dind on 

W Jiilv IftSA, sod was Imried in Kenoiiutoii 

«bunJi«Knl. nvbia wife Sarah (17:2-1826) 

he had a ton, Itobnrt l^eaoo [q, v.], and • 


In \'V8 hn helped (ocrnDpilctbcTaluRble 

April 1867. pt. ». p. M^f G. 0? 

lbbipriAre, ji>iry. d.i>. (itss*- 

t®*). claarioal wliolnr, ham in Imej 
(Plkbs, y^rony, p. 7»» nlwiit i;ur>, wiu ilie 
•OB of Chnrl'-i I^inpriiTc atJt^nev. Ilf w*> 

was aMwciated with hit fMlivr iu pri'iuiriug 
tlw ' Caleudam of tli^ Charter Kolu and In- 

0.rfi Gr«'l.) In l7SSli«trii8aMiAtaDt-BiaMier 
at R«aidiiift ^raiDmnr •oliool (G>«f, M^. 

oobinet edition of JCa6 Koyi. Leinou illus- Auil.ois" (™«ding. 1J88, 8vo> Thin wo»k 

tnled b» copy of Scotf« n-.veU with trcin- whicli long r«nuin«d a iwimlnr Knril.b an* 

•oripla of bieiorical docmin--nts. thoritj- on mjtWlojv ami lit»toiT. Iiu> Ihe 

[QeM. Mag. 18SS. pt. ii. pp. 826-8 ; Oreville mtrrit of being riMcIiibl-^. Some n'f>T.-no~> to 

Moiiioin, Irt port H^i <xl't-). '■' *'■) **- G- ancir-nl niilhoritie»nfit jtivoii.but thn anictta 

LEMON, ROKKllT (1800-1867). arohi- ore oftnTi .uperficiM nnd WTiit*.ii from point* 

i»l, burn in 1^00, wa» the ton of Robort ' of tiow now ob»olL-ti>. l,r<mpri(^n.> aciaitv- 


[q. T.] 1111(1 Sanili l.pmiiii. Ilcwaaeiuployud liHlRi'd in tho prwt'ao-lii* indnhceilnvu to S». 

unilnr bin fatli.r in thp iilnr- pupw offle.-.Biid Ijulier's ' yiSclas payend.' A Mcond odilion 

ciimpiled Ihe indexes to 111-; ' Valor Ecclesi- apiiearvd in 17w (London, Sto), 'j^nAily 

uliciui lump. Hen, VIW (llffmrl i^ Rtcvrd enlarjo^d,' und wilb ImUm i^ coin*, MHiRbU, 

Cbnn».lS3(t,Ai)pe"(l.p,770). HediiOOTen*d &c. The ninth vdiliou ajipuarod in I81fl, 

in 18^0 nil original portmlt cif Milton {Otat. and atiionK othnr editions may be moBtioiiecl 

M«y. 1«'2«, pt. ii, p. ttll. In November thowof 1(*IB.1R2I*. IS32. 18aii (Nuw York). 
ISM h.'wn»«ppointwl»«nior clerk (a.l&85. | l(*.|W.lSla.l88l*. Si^vnnl AbridgnianI* n-otl* 

tit. ii. p-filB)." To Iri-aion the Miegealion of 
brminK niid publifihinir th« ' Calendan of 
Slate IMpor^' ■• citi^, iitid Ik- fint interpreted 
a cypher wliiHi pn'viomly rendered lafKu 
nineti* "f ibdm- pBpcni unliitelli(,'ible. The 
Aral two vobimci <>( the 'llomestic Series.' 
1647-0(\ were piibliiliiHl niulerhiKt-ditODbip 
ill IH5I1 iind IHG5. Ill- died at ltn>niul->ii, 
Miildliwex.onltJiiu. ]Hi)7(iA.4thei.'r. iii.^itl). 
He ytm married, nnd bad a bii)^ fauiilv. 

I.eiiinn WUB ol'?tted F.S.A. on S Jilsrch 
18»6. Hi* single conlribulion lo the ' Ar- 
rhmologiii' {vol. XXKTii,) connii'ls of n rom- 
meniary njipended to n kt.ier iiitdm»ed to 
J"bn Stanhope in lA)^, giving pariidnlni* of 
(tniat interest in n-fiTKncii ti the Kpnniah 
ArmailiL. He oUo cunlriliiiti'd lo ihn ' I'ro- 

uublished, tho Snt by Lompriiiv himwlf m 

Ill 1791 Lumpriire waa naaieir of tho 
i;ramuihr lurhrKil ut Bolton, Laneaali ire. From 
about t79-2till IHO^ (or lH09)bewnfi a auc- 
ceMful iua«ter at lliu grammar ichnol at 
Abintrdon. and wna vjcar of Abingdon from 
lir)OlMill 1N11. While at Abingdon bp pub. 
linhi.'! the tim volume of an Eiiglinh Iran*- 
lution of ' llemdaiiis,' with noIe8n>ut did not 
complelo thi' work. 

■ Vi\i\t 


1S09, 4tn! lSl2,8vo(.V<ify«wnrf Qutr\f*,Ui 
wr. X. 34B1; IHiS, Svo, New York. Tlw 
articles are bri«f, nnd no niithorili<>a aro 
cii^. In 180H ho becuuiD nui*t«T of tli« 

not 'iiernuoiiis, wiin notes, oui uid not 

)Ielo thi' work. He also nubliahed n 

iversal Hiogrnpliy . . . ofl.niinenlPer- 

in (ill Ages nnd Coiintri»,' Lrinilon, 

ROT kIiuoI (X.^ 

M MlsrT ft{ till, a \itt anil > linri(^>, nnJ brld 

I |Kwt till l''i3(?l,wlwnln'Piiri'<i incon- 

jlwncnAf • difMle orilb thn trtiilw* of 

l*cliO(>l. In IBll lii'WBi ]iK9mtc(l t<i the 

^ry of Mn-tli. l)Fv«n*liiiv. Thic litiii^, 

^ tiler wiili tlial (if XtMiion Pi'iroi-k, to 

' WhiFh lt« was ■pfwitilnl In I'Si-H, li« Ii'-I<l lill 

U» dvftlli. vrliicb riwh plm^< fmin n fit nf >{i'}- 

»Ibx7 nn 1 Frix llti4, in iJMlliiunpion StK«i, 



Mltl OlDD.; Ulil. 

»*. !. P. 3SJ; H^rtK 
AlliboM'iDlcl. ofkliRl. 

LiT. ; t'oatrr'* 
C'al. i ktitboritiM 
W. W. 

JjHfJj, '-'iiirit'lir "I' Mniirniil, unil olu of tlw 
^■d<>nof ihp p«rltain"ntari' inrlv jn Jenty, 
^Bbnd ton of llnirli l.«mnnfn>, liviit^iiaiit- 
'fctiiitluiidi-r KlijolH'ili.niiil jiidnr-dirli'i.Titflor 
JprM-Tiinilvr Jnmi's I.liyK'.iinhnlli, (tiiiiHlitir 
of OlwnnJ Ikimnrpwi of l.» Haulr, WM Imm 
in Jprtey ahmit liWIl', Ek-ctrd n juml of the 
rifvai runn in I'i-tU, b« si inicH ucfiiiiipc) n 
l<-uliii£ [>la<v ill ihn oppo«i(i'>ii to till- bnilifl' 
of ttia i>land, Pir Pliifipdi- ('ar"n>i T']. v.] 
TliH part that be ploynl Ita* W In his*b<-iii^ 
•lytnl, not <|mte nppfopiiili-lr, llw ' Ilninp- 
«l«ti of JenteT," l*niiirt*iv'« Pnrlyi tboujfii 
tJi.-T iT'iiVtHni libera I upinioii*, u*d noipwific 
' '« lu lllr^, ami w«rc in fnrl a<1uatv<il 
■-fiftPrly by Kalimi-y nf tbi- ptvdDini- 
i»>- CuriBiTJ fiiiitily, nliot^ i«]ir««eiili- 
. ^if I'li'lip. hail U-on iinuiwlj allowed 
liT ' ' -l-iarwitbilM-puinfbaililf 

tb ' I iii-^-invmnr nnd farniDr of 

tb- 'rtiu atlitiidu Ukvn up bj 

I-* t 'I bti frii-iidi.&inOM][vlKiai wn» 

I'"' 1 1' I '(i-v.*, wiiBPni»i"|iieiiily (yii>- 

df . '.'ilRiim J*fjlilii', vrboiii Cnrti^nl 

lin'l u.Tr II |.il Tibik in pri'im on tlw idand 
fr-tm ULC '■• I'Ui) (c.- TuYxsK, T.wir C\m- 
- ' ' I ■ liiiaxi:. Jli-'t. f. 300>. In 
I < .r[>lbiTJumt(at)(llbn«diff:y> 

, „n.- |"rF|iBrrtl n petition loparlij- 
rixitainir;; tn--7i;j-twoaitictFii of nccu* 
to uL-iiiiii.t Sir l'}iilipdvCarten-l,nb'> was 
Ni I 111 IiondMi. Tbiv prflimil no 

'iir-i ■ ^Tt.bni ibnfii-liii^a^niiiM Cnt- 

I ijTiiw. [n F'-biTiatT lft)8 l-«'iii- 
>l>pointnl by lb-' par^RDiPDIar}' 
iiuiuuiitl'i: fi.'i ibp •k-ftlMVpf tbivhlnitiloB) an 
• ■fH>rUl minniiiiiHmcr, txt^t-tlirrwilli Franriit 
lie I'aflwi'l, n Im r-.'fiiwJ to net. Ilvniatnin 
lUuiin, Abrnbntii ll-'midl, and IK-tin Iiu- 
nanw], i<i tiikp--iMl r)ir (.'onvrH, and in tli« 
mivntiiit- lo laki'over iltrsoveniiiivni from 
hi> lundi. Ai a iiii>^iinf oriho Sintw »«m- 
Rinni.ll in ilir fuHov-inc tnoiitb, uiMin IK' 


' (.'nrli-ri'i't producing tlM ro}-al cammLuiun 
, aii|M)intiiif nim bailifr, I>cm|iri6r<^, irh<i aWn 
I of 111* party n-*fi pnMrnl, f<:>nbwiiii di^ipUyi-d 
I bi« coinmiuinn frc>in tbn parliam^nl. Vf 
I Curlurvt promptly nrdcivd bii oRlonr* to turn 
liiui out uf tlw ourmbly oj a traitor. Hut 
I liMiiipriirv wrilb imdaiiDli-d cuuro^ iiulxtecl 
I ibnt Sir Philip «boulil Mibmil lo tbi^iiarliA- 
mnnl'g onK-r fi>r bi* n]ipn'lit-Ti»ioii. Tlii! un- 
nopulnr baililT lu<l to r^tir*- for rvfu^j-e lo 
I Kti£ib«(li ('ii»tl<'t and I.r'iii]>riAn) was oim of 
th« jiii[tintotic« of ibft loiti'r n'jwliiiD; Ib5C*r- 
' lcn.-1's appiral fof p[>rmiuioo to wo bi« folailj. 
Sir Pbihpdiodoii S:! Ann. 1613. TlirMdajra 
Ial«r 1b•^ parli&mi-'UUry cummimioiwr, Major 
. Lvilrot, Hrrivin!, and iianiiNl L«nipriutw liatliff 
nf ihu i'Und. Tbi> latter al once took tlie 
oatliof baililT.and Bi)ininiHli>r«d (bat of lieii- 
tennnt'ipirminr to Lydcrot. 1<'iif ibe noxC 
I tbn.1! iDonllm tbr iilaud wna iindi-r I.^m- 
] pri*re'» rule, but duriDfl; tbat [icriocl impiiUr 
w^iiliinmt rntirely Vfcml round. Tfii; new 
btililT WA* iinablu li> rratruin even bis (>v,-|| 
officersfroiDgoin^over to ibt- royaliK )iiiny, 
and nopn>jrivMwa«i»ftd« o;fiiiiii<t tliecaMlfis, 
irbic-b ti'>>n'>Til1 in royatiit liand*. Iliilbear- 
rivalof Sir tifov" lb' Cnrt'T.-i In tbn ihtaiid 
nitli a riyal tximmiudoti, I.twpriL-n' at nnr<^ 
ited witbiheremnaiit afbisfolbiweni toI»n- 
don, i^nibarkin); by atMllli <)n ^1 Not, lUIS. 
A myal niirrntit daiei) 1043 was ivtued fur 
tlii>am~M of tliu parliamentary Ivadunt, Ii(<ta- 
pritoo't nnme aianiliag flr»t on th« li«t. Ili<i 
pMiMirty vr«» M^utvl ratio), and ditriii|; iti-? 
tlgtit yenn' exHn tliat foUnwcd Ji.PBipriAro 
undpTwi-nt many privntiotiii, nhicb kc di>> 
acribiil in llw maniiKcript nnrraiirr entitled 
*Pieiidi>-Ma!>li\ — The Lvar's Whipj), in refii- 
latioii of Pryiini-'a Liar i'onfoiuided,' vrTidUD 
by him in ronjnnction witb Uia f«11ow-«xtl«« 
and rv-jiirni*. Ilersiili. and numnmv|. Thifi 
work w»« 6r»l pdnti-d lir lbcSi)rift/'.rer»iai«o 
in ill tliirii-rnih 'Anniaal ItnUetin' (1688). 
Afit'r lb'(.'ari'-n^t'ric-upiiul(itiim toSir Jamm 
Ilainvs ou ■•'■ IW. llt-'il, I.t'iaprii-re ntonoo 
n-tiirnt'i| aii<l n-^unied hix i>ibi'>.' ai parlin- 
military liullifT. Iiiirlog tfaikm'i'ond tenure of 
offlo- br nrtxl wilb wiuloin and palriolifiii, 
nf ni'll n> nilb conivpieiioiia mod*nlion. He 
ti-nloiiilr eniWvounil to iccnm (or JrrMV 
tbc miwlwill oftbr parliament, alonn with a 
confirTaalion of ibr privilcpw of tlial ' poor 
plot of eiutb.' In I'ebniarr Itkil-^ he Mnt 
a full account of Ibo civil frovvmment of 
Jersey to the *^)«akeT of tb« l](iii«i? of Com- 
nlon^by bik friend Colonel Stochall.filTOiiRly 
deprecating any chan^ in l1ie ivintiiiiilion 
(pirintiMl In nptHtndix to IIimkin^s (tarlrt If 
lit thr f'lmnntt hlaniU'i. In February llSSi 
CnMnwi'l) i»ui^ an ordprto lA-miintn?, nuiii r- 
Mdiitu, * (or tb*t iim« QiUy,' tbv uIJ mribuil 




of eleetionbr Duniiuatinirtirelve (r«iitUaiicii, 

ineluding Lnu l.t'iiiiiri^rtM, ' witli uii mrni-Bt. 

.<l<«in) thnt th«v flbould l>i' forlliwitli iwom 

[■Jiimuof ilia IdI*,* but till) bniliirwa'nllowwl 

iliiwretinn in thn cIidico of tlin xmnllnr civil 

pIRci'in. Hi'wms niMi (fivon t.lm cnntfol of 

L tli« militia, in wUich 'unIiKn>nt»' wrni tu- 

^fikcndbvliisoviii iulli«n-nU. Inliitcnpucily 

' of coinmiauDniT for cumpouiKliDt; willi <1p- 

]lii(iuents, to wUicb i>u4t \iv nns niijiuiiiii.-U 

bj bromwoll on 14 Mnrcli UV/i, lio ib gciii.-- 

tfilly nllowsl to bnv" ben Innicnt. An n 

r jilclgii bin dwiiioiw won" fi-morJinlile fiir fnir- 

nou nnd nbiliiy, nnd |i>Tfi;i;t otiJiT ri-i^inml 

during; hisli-nuru of i>tlii;i.-ffi)m llSnl' In IBW. 

• IjOtnprif^rv M'Piui to Liiro itnml lii^h in tbe 

^(ateein of (liu IVntHrlur, i1l<)\ii;!i iW IntlFr 

tbw ol*r(ry ftvia ilia iiUiid'n oimo iibj-'uiIiIv 
{pBooWfiiirn, p. aiH). 

On ihf Itiinioruilon l^mnritni** MtMm 
w.^^ro BTiiiilisl lonroTnliBl. Jnlm NicolU; bul 
thi>i(rrnntWB»ancrwiird»rtMeindnd, "Michinjl 
l.''m|)riire, lute prvtiMidvJ boiUD' of J'-rsi-y, 
tlii>iiK)iB:iiIlij'ufc'^'>i aA'eQee),bi»iis'*<-'''i<">*d 
Uiliiii<ulat»)'('^^'- SlalePiipfn, Doiu. lUUO. 
p. 4U). Tboitfili ivrooved from tlie bv&cli uf 
funis, bia retirement wiu nrobablf iinmn- 
i««loil. Hie exact dato of his dentil is not 

By lii* wifu Hnnih, dmiehler of l-'mn(:>a 
Ovrlurcl of ha llatriie, l.i?inpriin' li-ft twn 
until uiid lwi>ilnu(;liti'n. Tliv (irciuiit ^'if^uur 
of Kuti'l IH It din-ct di.-4t'L'tidiliit. 

[lnt<>Tnliiliwi nioht klnJtr ■upplinl by B. T. 
Hifnllc. «].. of Ji'ttey; fUyno* ArmnriMl of 
Jer>nv, )<. jl.V wliirh i> woii'wliiit iiulra*iTUTihy. 
nnd !Honii;nijiti c.n I'limily of L»ini"vT*. p[>. 
II.O.J"; llBrL»«Ui>d«lG*ntrj.|)."7S: K«1U'» 
Ilt>l.orJi>rwy.*tLbQrvU, )>)' 39S-314: U <>■¥■. 
{I!<iTr<t, vol. i. p. t; Aliiiir'» Tnl>!">ii« Hi*- 
tcirii|UM lie til I'l'ilitnliii'i h J>Ti>'y, pji. 320.8 : 
PplWt-('iticf'> Hwl. dta Ilo« ilo lit Mnnfba. fyp. 

i<nt»i„4:to; Cr>i. .s^tD I'liiprh, Horn. ia<;2-eo, 

tui» l*rinii"V Lyiir Cniif.niii'loJ. pi'. S3-48l 
Itnskmi's rimrlri II iii llm CliniiiKtl lulnnili. 
IS6t. pp. 37 I'l.. mill rp. 1(1" (q,, in uliii-h ihc 
1w« luT.iiifii i>f thii 1ii.i..ry of Jnrwy iit thi* 
jiprioil will I'cj fnlliil; SMibfliiv* Hint uf ills 
ilpjipmiirtn "f tlin l«l"inlpni. IITI. i. !Hll ; 
ChornlW* Cliri^ni.'i.' (muniiKrii'tf: S»«*lo Ji-r- 
ulaltp. tliirTcrni)) Aiiiiuiil l!tj|litiln, IliSS, In «th>rli 
ivppfl'ir* thfi ri'iuctii-^IiittEi ; iit- (jiii.Mn«'a Ton- 
■liliiti^nol I1»l- ISAn. clinp, ii. ; Id rtnlxu < 
Tille 4.' Si. n.''!i"r. 1SI4. pp. T'-'-Sa.) T. S. ' 

LKMPBIERE. WII.I.IAM (*/. 1831). j 

of 'rhi'iiint l.^■^lI>^i>'1^■ iif .r'-r*>-v. 1I>-i>dI<.tm1 : 
tb*? nniiy m-'ilicn! Hfrt-ic'- wln^n Tniinir. and 
bv I7S1' iMi* nTTtifhril t'l lliii iriirriiiiiii of 
CfibrnltiT. In tUn Si-ph-mbni" nf tbiil y.iir 
Sidi Mnliommud, oin|K-ri>T of Uorocico, mint a 

loeisiLi^t^ In Cieneml O'llun, tbo comnutnilurt 
al tiibrallitr, laklTi^ llitit all Enillidh doctor 
luifbl be ?«iil to nTli-nil lii« toil, Muli^y Ahso- 
Id'ii. who wii« giifH-rtni; fmm calaracl. I.^ID- 

Iiri<'<r<> aoo'pli^d ibr comiiiiMuiii, and loft Gi> 
ir.i!tnr .in U tii-pt. ITf^S; oo 2S iM. hn 
r«a,clu>d Tnnidnnt, whtrn.> be altrndnl tht 

tiritiett wilh f^-at iiuoci.-TLt. 11 in oiilv rwanl^ 
lowpVLT, wi^ri- ' II pild nntrb. aii indifCmint 
U'lriL-, uiid 11 ff<v linr>l doUim.* tti* was then 
Bummaui.'dti>Morun'oiT*olf. which b«T««cli»d 
on -1 ni.-c., lontlond unaip I.odii!)^ of ib^sol- 
laii's liiir»?in- lie vn* ilrlniard iit Motoecv 
A loti^ lini<i asninnc bi> will, And wis not 
nlloTCrdtolcnvplill IL' fob. I7U0: hemf^niD 
lie i?i)in]>liiini of tbe mUvnibli.' tvaiiiiiFTaliun 
nwnnli'd biui. AtW bi^ ivi uni fmin Mr)ri>Ki> 
' lA'inpriiri.'piibli"li'-'dunarcoiin(ofbi*tniV''l* 
, ill '.-VTuiirfruinGiUnlinrloTanpier.S'ilW, 
I Mop^dore.SniiiiiCt-iix.TaTiKUnt.atidlliraw 
' ovurMuuul Alias lo.XInracco.'ljDndan, 1791. 
' Tbi>work»uii]di.>iiinTi.-'r>-iiintrdttnilaoonocni* 
inif t>ie Monrisb stiltim's laan^m. A Dnnher 
of ils minor inivcciirin'ii;» w.-fp notlceil in ft 
* Com'ctiro SupplomPiil lo Win. Iy<iiipriJ<in'> 
Tour,' by FnuiciJci Saneli'W, Ijitndon, 1704, 
Aflrr 111* riail to MorocfD I.ciiiprit'ri' was a^ 
]Mnnl»d »UfK*on to tlio 20lli nr Jnmnit^n rt^- 
nu'iit of li«bl draitnonii. Hi! sp-nt (ivu ynat* 
inJoinnit^.nnd on bi* return to Eniilaiid rnib* 
iinhed ' Pnctienl ()b"*Ttiition» on tkll Uis> 
eniKWof tlie .\rinyiii Jnuiilicfl.'l.oridon,1798. 
Lcmprifire loft iW nrmv witli itn- mnk af itl- 
■piK7ii)r-|:;pnFTa1 of Ivi^pitfiU, nnd n-Miled fiJP 
mnny vctus in the ItJa of Wigbt. Il« died 
nl Bmli in 183). 

IhiritiL' lii* "'n't in thn I*lo (it WicUt U» 
pTiW'sVd iwo mi'dipnl work*: 1. ' \ Ui'jmim 
on tb" Mi'dicinnl ICffoct* of an .Miimnifm* 
1"h«lybpat'>W(»U'lvdi*r"ii-ii"lHt Snnd- 
rocks in Ihn UK- of \Vi(;!it.' Knndon. ISla. 
L'. ■ Populnr LrcturvsoulbpSludynf Noturftl 
IIif1..>n' and ibf Scioiic", n» clolivi-rvd Wofv 
tb« lili- of Wight Pliiln»iipbicul Sociidy," 
Loudon, 1830. 

[.r. II. I'jiTnfr'* Monocrapb ef 'b* Honun of 
I*m|iri*n>i 'W»tl'» Kilil. Jlrit. vol. ii. ; (ifUl. 
Itni!, 18SI.pI.ii.; ArmyLtM*: Luinpriirt'i own 
«<i(hii{iiMin>.] O. P. M-v, 

LEMPDT. RF.MUiirS VAN(</. lHr5)^ 
jmiiilcr. [tw* Vax I.KKxruT.] 

(iHi'd ]KSl)|,i»iUUr>-tuior,andnui)ior, born 
in IH:>ll, wnn nt oni- limi^ a caplnin of Ilii- 
Krviirb nnny sinlF, but came to ICnslnnd mm 
mililnry tutor to iWOriMn* prinoi-*. About 
l!i>) ilnii' of tli«i CrimMR war bu i»-l up a 
privntp tnilitnrr rollenf- at Sunbiiry House, 
Siiiibury-on-'Lliftinc*, wbi-re \u< wm lonjr 
knovrn iu one of the abl««t and most succvw- 


I ttHotlh. 

I boldaet 

Le Neve 


Le Neve 

fy of llMiBaeli-abiimilarnij'craiBnen.' 1I<! | 
bold • coBinuMJoB fortweftt; yean in llu> 4th 
ro^l Mi>Mlc*«x tnilitia (avw Atb b«t(nl>oci 
KTitl fiuili«r«), in whu-Ji Im) wm appninC^O 
eniUKii in l8J)9,licttU;iMnl in l8IK,c«ptnin in 
186U, reiiriiif; witb (be boiKmin' rank «( 
tnajur 1 Vrh. 1879. Up iH*d n(' Uivuniilv 
BooMi, .Stinbun', 10 Oirt. If8^, in bid aWy- 
toanh T««r. 

Lmii^'s (prcial xiUMt waa fortiSestion nf 
tb» |>nnoil jH-ior to tW imroduction of ibo 
f>iki;unal ty*stm, and bi* wgrk on lb* t)ub- 
^L nttt. in iti dij^, bj' far tlui bott text-book 
IQ the Enh'luli UnKuap^ !In puMi<1i«(l;i 
1. ■ PrinoplM rf Wm." London. l*">3, ISuio. 
3. * )lnKiiii«. A it VIM, and Iiulnictiou* in ibu 
Art (if Wnr,' traii^ai«<l fiiim ibe Frviiob, ' 
P«ri», I&'.r, IGmo; X»w Vnrk.8ro. 8. 'Kt*- , 
IBi>nt> of tort i&cal 14111, Fivhl and Parinn* 
DMDi,' L/'tiilon, l>V)7, SvA. 4. •OaiBpaijrn* 
of Nni«>Icc)ii, I.SlJ' (cnmpaiicnxof WcllinR- 
lAH), pnratflj prinlud, U> pnrta, l»adoii, 
18B1. A. ' I-'oftiikotion: Lwiunia addreOMd , 
to Otllacra mtling for tlia Staff,* Lonilon, 
1082, Svo. d. • Practical Coufw of Miliiarr 
Bnrrririntt and Plan-tlnming.' l,onda<i, ItiOl, 
8n>. 7. ■Marmanl'llM^vlpnlA^lli«■,'tf•a^ 
Ulnl from tlie l-'rench, l»nd»n, IfWt, Stvi. 
a. A rotiwdetUtioa uf LavdIUi/h *)Iililary 
Oov.Tii.Iiv.'Loodon, It-lfcS Sto. Lrmlvwat 
* ijiponer of liotticultarp, aiul dU- 

ii< . . A* an anatwr grovrw of uraluib, 

llirMlAmxr, l»Oct. 1889; Bril. Um. Cat. 
rriotoJBsakiT Uanloom' 3li«. l»Otrt. 1SS9.] 

II. Jl. C. 

LE NEVE. JOHN (l«r»-l7II>. ntiti- 
■n ^7 D'-c. UuU in Oivat ICulwU 
Tn-biirv. I.iivliu. Ufa* oiilv "yn 
"«! '■ ' I l'>N>r(^l))'Iii!iaeooadirifi>, 

A f Jolio It^nt, mncbant and 

t . T, hia [Tanilfalbnr, nnolhrr 

J .1.1 &nt of (,'nvitiwlisli in Snf- 

f . . S(. .^lllrlin'^-i^-tll(--^'i^.■llU, 

I, i' . Iirr'a lint wiE.' win France* 

51)!i , int'Hbflar.1 iJuki? of .\lb«- 

sarto. "nv-'i Wufn'.h-^Ti bruth-.'n, lUckanl, 
n ^ii--,i;.-ain. itiiil ^.-iiUnnlly in aclioii witli 
I' II ]I>7>I. mill II*' liiirinl in Wi.'«t- 

iii ■■■ fV, wUil" niii'ili- r i-f liis nncl"-''. 

tldiuuii-^i \J. l(iS9), wan a batrixlor of th" 
Sfiddl.^ Templf. 

Jolia'a oiolbFrdiiiloii IL' D.x;. ]C«r. niiwi 
hn «ra* eigbt veani old. and bu vHi H-'nt lo 
Bloa s» an appidan nhvn bu vnu ivt'lv<\ 
ICa Utbmr, wbo diad «a lM July KKKt irhoii 
Jflhn "TM (imrtrm, wn», like both bU wive*, 
burini in W.-nmiiuiiiT .Vlibtnr. John sue-' 
eiAjnl III n littli! prnpcrly, aiul blf hinninnn 
IVtrf Lf Ni-vo (|. V. ', whiMc ptoct rrUlioi*- 
■ki|< boji nut bivn traced, bMacDu onn of hia 
goaxdiatia ; anui bur waa hi* first cotuin, Jolia 

Dotightoa, vrhoac aisler be matried in lOOft. 
From Eton he wriii loTriaitjrO^tleh'v, Can- 
hriils^^, wb<>ro lia was admitted in U'AH, niul 
nialrii;uUti;il in 1QD6, bnt left without a 

lli'i Krai work s«cin> to have Iwon iamnd 
ill 1712-U. uu'.lur tbi) titin of ■ M^ntoirt. Ilri- 
tisli and Forvif;!!, of lUo Livos and Fiimilioa 
of tb« ta.<M lUuKtriuui Person* wliu dird in 
ili<> y«*n Kll aiul 171:^.' :! voIb. 8vo. Thia 
wnA nrcihablj «ujr^Mt«d to lum hy lik bint- 
man Pctrr, whoM colIecltoiM wer« fmely a& 
bis KTvien. 

Lu Ni-rcH crralut work, tlia ' Fiuii Kc- 
ckniaa Angliouur, or nn Buiiy toward) a ro- 
guUr Soooeuion of all the princip'tl Ui^iii- 
iarie«,*Jfce.,appeared in 171Uinfolii>. Ii wna 
n work of immenae labour. Ij? Nevu utilised 
Hiahop Kciinatt's *CoUeclioD»,' and Urowuo 
Wiilin nid tlia binliop wm it» ivnl ivwniiiler. 
Iliit thbiaanexainictnlion. Lit N<'i<; rli icily 
dupMided on original rcmarehi?*, which he 

5unu«d at n lime when doeumentaiy nri- 
enoe waa difltoult otatxttB. Th« nseqition 
of ibe book dill not <>noourBK« him to aiider> 
take n aiipplement. but Vfora the end of tbo 
cvRliirr m-nitiy onpif". fully annotated and 
brought np lo <lnt(t by rminent anliiiuariM, 
w«n«stant. JohnOutrli wnsRlronfirlyui^ed 
to edit anL-witlitian(of. Nti'ric>i.s. TJt.llUu- 
tJuffiia Hardy i»u«d at Oxfori) his riolioratv 
cditivn, in 3 v<Aa. >*\-it, in which l.c Ne^V* 
1 l.tX'il enlri>-« ueiv extended to thirty ihou- 
sand. In 17ltt l,ii Xei'ealMiuiwd ilu* 'Lifu 
of Dr. Kifllil, IWn of <ilonce*tn',' IximIor, 
8t», bnt of ihi* hv i* mid only tn havo 
written th<r preface. In 1717 he published 
in one i*vo volumo. avowedly iiii ' a spo 
cimen of a ninch luv-'f wnvh,' ' ^fonamcnu 
AD)[lic«i», \t«\aa IiiMTiptiona un the JdoDU* 
m«uta of Kvetnl vniineat IVnaa* dceeased 
in or sinr« the year t'Oft to tbu etid eS tbo 
year I71'>, deduc<<d into a atriea of lime by 
way of \ nnn1> ; at t Im «ad of wliteh year ■■ 
added an Obitiiair of aom* inaaiornbfe< Per- 
son* who died tborein, whoM InarrJntinna 
( if any ycl set up) arr not come to band.' 
He qiintM liirp.dy from Mt>S. P. I.., which 
no douU i» Pel«r I,c Ncti? )1S. I>;ary, aftc^ 
ward* iirinted in pXT\ in lliu 'TriiiiMCtiona 
of thvi Norfolk and Norwich Arcli:inlof;ical 
Society.' Manyof till? inxcriptious werecom- 
municai«xl hy iho inaaona who aet thera up. 
In Van niDilnt and unnbl* pr»faco \\« state* hi> wa* iiirritfd to \lrpxt the work by 
^Wnrrr'i • Fimcrnll .MiMiutnrais,' pnUiabod 
in 1G31. In 171t> he iiiued M:panit''ly two 
more volnme", corerins tUe periodi UlWt- 
lUr<J,iind ItV^^A-iX). Inl'ISanpearedufflurth 
volume, covering the period IO0O-4U. and 

I^ Neve 


Le Neve 

lii'nDDoiincodiliat li<- was loakiiigcollvct ions 
of tliuBaniotort, biTiiiiningsi tlic v^ArlKX); 
bui tliftrfi rolled bni-Iliid. MSijf. nf!05-lfi, 
wbirli are now io ilio ttritiiii Munciitn — 
vtviv U''Vfr priiit'.'tl. Later in Ihi; vcnr bu 
tMiifil a, liftli vuluii]!', cuiiluiniiig n gupulu- 
tiiciit uf niiimiiiioiiiti lieiw'veii i(SM aud ti 1^, 
■ri-'!li>cii'i!»iii<-i> ilic piibtkniion of tlie fanner 
vntmiics.' Ill I7JI) ltrpii)i1Ulic<l in Iwo psTta 
'Tlii'Livi-jiinilClinrnctiTi . , .ofnH lliul'ro- 
tulunl Bij(lio|ii> uf i\xe L'burirh a( Hnalnnd 
siiice tbe lt»faraauii>ii, mi stiilod by (Jiiwa 
GlixdWlli, Anno Dora. ISSn, Uv J. L., imit.* 
All Lis works woro UHSUCces»fiil fruiu n wcii- 
iiUry Mini of vinir, und ho f*-U into ililllcii)- 
liM. In onl'.ir in iniprovn liin position, nntl 
]ite«iimabty on lUir iin,'«i'*tion of thn Uislioji 
of Ely, to whom liii 'l''iuir lind been dwli- 
catnl, lio took liolv onl«<ra, allli':iii|.'li aginl 14, 
atid WMproso»l«il bv Ins patrmi lo the Lin- 
colnshire rei-lory n'( Tlinrnlnn-lf^Moor in 
■Innunry I'-Jl i.' I!is civditnni Mill piinuvid 
liim. and hi: win inipritoiii-d fur inmlvpnoy 
in Lincoln iriol in JK-i-cnibrr 17^;;, By n 
Binili'lir imny of fait-, (bv ^xiicl Joy of hii 
dcuth is unknown, nri'l iftlieiy was u mouu- 
ini'n: raised lobiinyp-lioiioted those of so many 
fillicrs, itiinnt now v it i bin. A succiworwas 
' lui'D-tit bv ib(- di'uth of Juhn iM Ncri;, iho 
bat iucumbtnti'on L'3 May 1741. 

l.» Xevc iniin'i.'il by litonse, dalod 2fi Jao. 
Ki1t>*-a nt til. (iiiir«t''<. Soiilbwnrk, bis Erst 
cnuiin, I'mncpn, sfrmid dnngbli-r of Tliomns 
KoiiRlitonof KiHKet'titto.Northiiinplonibire, 
iiTid Kliuiln-tli ].>.• Nt-v«, iiisttr of (lu- brid&- 
(noi Ill's flit 1 1 or (("in;*TKii, Marriagr Uivnctt, 
ed, l-'oil(T. p. (KIJ). By bis wifc I* Kcvu 
liAd vi^bt cliildrcii. 

(T, DiiSni Ibimlv'* Lifo, prt'flxcil to hia cdilion 
of ilio Fmii, Oifgrd, ISAl.] W. E. 

LK NEVE, TETER (ltS<il-17L>i)), Nor- 
blk itiili(juiin',is ^-i-niTHlly sftid tuliuve hvun 
_ rom ill LoniVun on. 21 Jnn. Irttl-'i (but ihe 
entry in the ' Slcrcbnnt Trivlor«' School ito- 

Itisti>r'(t'*^"""l''"^""-1'''=''- I«W1-21. llith 

dull* would sin-ni to In.- wrOH;!, mt Iil' wiui 

bnjilifvd at St. Micbnid'a, Cornhill, 32 Jhii. 

' KklO-l (.inrormation fromC. II. Aihill,Blue- 

anile). He was lbi> ton of Frnncii NVvn 

,.lio *I-e' Uavinif bc4Tn ilmpp-il for »c?vcml 

ftunHmtioiis wlipn IVlcr ri--«dopted it), u 

•citivMi and dni|W'r of London, bv Avice, 

Naiigbler of IVtcr Wright, u London mi>i^ 

^hnnt {treaa whom, no douhi, b" took hU 

chTistiiinnnnn'>,aiidllit'f.Tnnd-onof iMrmiiin 

NeVB of UlTijilnnd, Norfolk, ^iir Willium 

I^> NfVo [i). v.] won his tbipi! cousin "lite re- 

inovvd. IMpr rat«ri-d Mi-rcbiuit Taylors' 

School on II March 1072-3. In 1076-0 his 

Iiiib)>rwa9 di?Mrril>>-d as nn nphoUtnvr of tb 
' Cron-n," Cornhilt, and he may hate obtained 
his first tustti for hrrnldry fronllM sCBlduom 
anil jiccnnns ■upplii-'l for faoeraU hj loi 
futbtT. .\ Iraoicrii't of a book bolomnK to 
Sir Iliilip Wooitbou*^. innJe in 1680 (now 
ill the pn-wnt wrilers lil)niTy>, anil appa- 
rently in I* Xeve'* biindwiitinr, aaggeVM 
that 'he WAS itil'TEuted in Rrnitalof^ al an 
early np'. Whnn nearly twenty TV«r« old 
tlit^l 1 hill father diod. Up was iheo resi- 
lient at t he ■ 11 arrow "iu tilt- Poiillri', 'againa 
the White ltor*i*inPat>>rni>vter[Cow.' Soon 
aOerwarda Le N«ve %iva>t to haro tnoTci] to 
Warwick Lane, where li« nna atill knoim 
as ' PcWT Neve.' 

I^ Nnre'a abnonnnl powtrnof work ral-idlf 
gave hiin n hijtb rr|mtuti(in. and in ll^x.. 
when he was only twnily-»ix, he wa«*!wl«J 
prt«id<Mit of the Antiuiiarian Society, nn it* 
revival in thai j-ear. This office ho (rsij^Bl 
in 1721, after holding It for thirty-MTM 
yenra. He was also n frllow iif tbe Ro^ 
Socicly. Bi'foro Ifi'lt he hcgmx the imm-r — 
and careful ciilrnilnri of th- recorda ri'l ' 
lu bis own county of Norfolk. Br tlnil l^i': 
he had conipk-led a carvful cal>?ii<1ar of lb* 
fines of the count v down lo the reign of Ed* 
ward n. On ir'Jnn. l«SIl-iM)hoi»MnMd» 
Kongo Croix piirsiiiTani. In ICi^l & li« vu 
»utr.Tinii from llstiil-i, iippirtiil ly in Ixai- 
ilon, and in ibc- lonif year prohahly took 
part ill IJueen Mary's liitcniiO'nt ( Lb Xetb, 
Lftirr'). In liiiX) he w«» ai noctors' Com- 
mons, ti'i iliHibt at the coHi'uv, iind wa» well 
enoncholFloofri-rpcriminrTbrlp to his friend 
Millicenl, r'rora IfiSIJ'S hp was corrMpond* 
injt with Tanner. oSerini; lo help him with 
bia dracriptioii of Wiltshire, eucourajiiii); the 
iindertahinL'of ibp' Bibliulhi.-ca,'and helpia* 
him with till' 'Not ilia' and tbe 'Monast icon 
{Tmmrr Af.SS. BimU.) In Ifi«9 his hrotlier 
lllivM killed Sir Henry Holinrt, father cJ 
Jolin Hoburt, lint enrl of ]luckinKbamBhiT» 
fl. v.1,in a duel, and had to b-UTf I be ciiiiiitrv. 
I<ii Neve watched his brother's interests in 
ICnsland with KTi^ai care and xcal, and ulti- 
inniely nrmnftod for bis tnttr roluni to Eng- 
land . 

In I'JOf Ik- transcriheil and annotated the 
' Vi(.i'alii>n of Norfolk,' miide bv Brsshn in 
liiea (If,/- MSS.) By 1701 he hiid miula 
Srpiit progress in bis proji'cifd ' History of 
Norfolli :' in a note lo bis ' Fines Cal«nditr 
of KdwarJir he mentioiu that hi- had tmii- 
arril»d ibn hook, arraoginR bi> not™ under 
the hi'udinn of the several towns in nlpha- 
l>elicnl (ircler. In 1703 lie n^rled on tJi« 
Caltliorpe MS.S. (iec llift. MSS. OnuM. lltk 
Iteli. .\pp. vii.p. 113). 

lie wua »till linnl at work at tbe record* 

Le Neve 


Le Xeve 

in 17iK:,Bpi«rt-n<lyMii-iiititii;mi>Fi i>riii«iini^ 
in llw HnUt f!iii'p"l<l'"<'r. No. KTO). In 
mBJoBCtion will] Joliti l.owi- tm n-pfirlnl i>ii 
Buiiueri]iUititbi.-clia|ittTliou*i'<7/r>r .l/AA'. 
CbaiM. iii. 12S). Ud o April )7lU lie irk* 
BMtk Jlidunouil bi-ralil, ami iiexl muiitli 
XoiToy kiiig-«t-«na* (LrmiELi.. Iiuin,\. 
4.'fl"i. n^ limDH^aptvvi'.nielvni'^inlraiHio 
: ^Tilwrlains ot ilic cxclifiiiKr, 
Iimh obliged logitX' up llir 

. ..<vn iron anil i7imi«apM*rato1iaTe 

twu itfT ill (irl U-ltrr, Xii, ImjO). He «Uc 

■ullrrt"! b; tlie lime (rwm Bomt- inyBlerKWt 

ijKildilon oil LU durncii-r, itiiil in 17^ 

nvIM wiilihi^iiiiiiiMii-frUti') Milliovni. 

17lJ«t, h'lwrv.-r, fnrtiinn Huilod on liim 
uwo. anil li-- WHS ii-nT lo taliv tli* Uarlrr lo 
tkr vouDfi [Viuv <4 llniiotrr, l*rince ICntcst 
..r l'>*na>»ifi;h (lA. X». -Jimt. In 1 70)1 bt> 
Went lo Bath, protuMr Tiir llii.- untm, tnd 
IB tlwtMJil T«ar Diovcil ioniirlin(.'lo« Hanar. 
wbomt li« liM a iiiir^F, uixl n-a>i ileMritied tii 
■ fetter a> b«ing 'wnm lik«ty to ilic tlinii 
Uv«.' Sono aflpT lin »vcB>« to novn Hitclrdat 
Boir. Ha tlird r-a 1'4 S-pt. I7:lt). and on 

I Oct. viat tnirii-<l in (in-at WiicUi&eliBni 
Churtli. Xorf'Jt i/A-f. //'y. 172y; Chnit. 
IMary. p. .'ill. ills ciiaraL-iErinlic will uu» 
d^r<Jt> Ma<r 17:^J iNiiiloui. JaI. .intrH. L 
4I&), and In* alw ijrv'vr ii|i a loBji wkiiwical 
e]' . ' ~. '.iiinfil-. iv, 1^^- 'iKaadaiiMXTiunt 
i>: "nil- Intlrr i> nninii>: the Itaw- 
liiixuj .'ii>.>. intli«iB(>>ll«*al.iliran',niid wail 
nrinlcd In " Xoim and (JopriiV :?iid w*. xii. 
l€n. Il<> wai a iinilarinn in rcli^ioiu Mivf. 
llnuitr tlvH uiiainiabl« tnil* oil which \x9 
dwiAla in Ilia t-f-iinph, lieaMiiu lolinve bpvB 
ppfviBally j'>vi»l, tili»r&l in moiwy iniittrrn, 
lonti uf Kfoa\ anil ihi- |dnuiirr« of tin- tablv. 

II BBV bn pniiiiini'd ibni )»■ wns in coinforl- 
aM>- nR«aftaniM>i during (lie loal few year* 

' ' life, for be mcvi-'FiIixl Ii) some prOfHrrty 
iliutb uf hrs IrolhcT Olinrr, wbu lifti] 
iburTK-d >uoi>-"iicU' into ibu \go^ Norrolk 
families of Oau'ly aiul Knywli. AfttrwoM' 
liii[[«tinii, !.*• NevoV Norijlkt^tntr* rcvcrt«^ 
ultinvifty to Ji>lin Noirij). 

t<Ni-T<'iT — ■ '. ■--<i. !'njJcn<*,(kuj!lili-r 
of John Itu.' '<>1 mercboiii ; audkc~ 

randly. in ir.,.l ,,..i^tj9,dnMglitrr of Kot^'ti 
Uenlan <>r IIfmIo<i. a niill<4. !)•< li'Il iio 
ia»ia. lliH Aral wife seeiiif lo li*>? Wrii a 
•hrrw, and tlvi second, wlio MiiTivnl him. 
■airivd *vrj tnmt afier hi* death hit r\if 
catwr. 'lloRmi Ton Martin' (I*'>ri7-I771) 

fa. V ■) Mirtiii *iiecrrileil lo tbii bulk of Lo 

S' ,DntlKaallydiiii<rrsedlli«n). 

. , «iih Miiiiii »[ hit maiiu- 

auld a( lli« IWronl CalTn^ 

I Oarden, i» FcbriLnrj- I7.'I0- 


1781, and a autitilvmeiitwi' salo (ullun-vd oil 
30 March. 

Ijt Ni-Tfl'a indiutrT.' in cotli'Ctiiif wan vrry 
remnrkuble-, hot thoii):h at ihio (iion lir con- 
leinpliitcd nddiliimi to ■('amdvn'ii Itrilnnniu,' 
be wems to ban.- piin'ed nolliin;;. All bin 
work wBd clureutKriwd bynlrieletl lioneniy. 
IIo rhiefly d«vot«l faiin'i'If to rumjiitiu^ 
cnlvrnilnriiaiidcollei-iinifraiit^riulfiira hi»lory 
of Norfolk and in fnniilii-n. Thin iillinintxly 
fonnnd tli« backbone of the w-ell-hiinHn 
countT ]ii«(ary, be^nn bT lllinnetii'Iil. uiid 
cnmpletM by I'urkin. .^(llny of L* Ncve'a 
note* on Norfolk bi-viry nrr now in tli« 
Budleiun l.ibriLn', while olbcrx are ill ihu 
Itritisb Mu'(<iiui, in llie llenitds' Coll>!)n>, in 
tilt- poMenMon of the Ni^rfnlk and Xorwieh 
A rvbirnlofficnl Sncirly. nnil of ii priviit'* firm 
nl Norwich. Mnrllhoniir^ at one time.nnd 
nftcrwnrda Hold, 1* Xi-Tr'* nleiidnn of all 
early tinen of Xi^rf-ilk. vii. ; 'Itichnrd I' 
InowinthelEecordOlliL-et; ' 1-MwnnlI;' 'Ed- 
waiO Illi' ■ John to Ivlwnrdll.'a fclio vol, 
of iHI7 j>|>.. don* in liie venr li^ft (now in 
the wriU'r'«po«m)u.ioii*: 'JiAntollenryVn;' 
' Henry VIlIj* an well ns '\ Dictionnry of 
the Arma of Ihe (ieniry of Xorwieh nnd 
Norfolk, with KxiilBiiotir>nii.Conl»,,\tniours, 
and DrewinRa;' ■ An "rdinary of Arm'.' con- 
taining mnuy huiidre>t arma properly bln- 
■onixl and finely prevned; *.\n .Mpliabct 
of Anns, with somehnndrediof .\rm«of llw 
fienlrv of Xorfolk ;' ' I» Neve'i Unlinnry of 
.Vrms,'" a folio mamncrip!, with wine thou- 
»aml roatJ of nmu: ■lininin of .Vmw, by 
I'eter l.e Xetp;' " Notr<friim the Pip" Holfs 
to PxIn'unI III, and CuiiieM "f Norfolk I'ipo 
Kolln;"' Norfolk Patwit':' ■ I'locit a Corona-, 
Quo Wnrmnio, Jnnii. et Amd. in Xorfolk, 
l«mp. ICdu-nrd 1;' nnd 'VxrinU, ri-ilijifecf, 
and Xanm> of l''iimilii'K. by Jlr. l.c Neve,' ■ 
rrrv lai^io collection. An nnnotalcd manu- 
acnpl copy of UyMhe'ii ' Viiiiation of Nor- 
folk,' llHil, and a' rutnine of ' Xorfolk Pnli- 
f^ca,' fol. |ip. ^0, with arnie in colour*, nnd 
atnii*cript of a roll of nrin^nnd ascribed lo 
liim, b«l«ug to tbe iirrtent tvrilor. 

An annotated ninnn*i-ripl coprofllorroy'* 
'Vitiialion of Xorf"lk* of l«oa belongs 10 
(ii-aenU Biilwer. I.*' New"* catBlo)tue of 
kni);hl« between Chiirl'^ ll's and Anne'a 
rei|int1Hurl.MS.ri-<>l-'.') wasedil»il for lint 
lliirleian Societv by I'r, Manhsll in 187». 
A MwiUr work in And", on baronota i» iltll 
in ronnnicripl at the Ili*ra1ds'('nUrite. Some 
of hi* diary and memoniniU rm heraldry, 
vhieh were );iven by hi* liicrnry execiKor, 
Tom .Martin, to ihe'livv. Tliuuiiu Carlbcir, 
were com muniealod lollu<*TopnffTspbrt and 
GeneaUi|p«t' (iii. SAni >c<i.) and th« 'TnniH 

Le Xeve 

EDf lb* Xorfolk an<l Ncii-nicli Ancliaiv 
9oci.-ly* <ii- l':t. 111. Si.m by G, A, 
Ciitlicw [a, v-l 'i'liri-y roluniF" '•( Ins iritvn 
u« in ilMl.MSS.4; 1^-13 and rrSl^.tiid lh»K 
iiigiMt utiMof bi«i»lli?otioi»<nml writuij^ 
aoong tbu lUvltUroa MSS. (Oilbrd). 

I[Anlhoriri««it*d; Robicwn'* Mnvhanl Tuy- 
Ion' Sdmol Beg. i. 270; Nit^tu>)>'> Ut. Ascrd. 
fomia; Ix N'<iw»LMI*r*ia ItricUu*.: mitnu- 
(cHpl* in ■rriter'a po niM ion.] W, R. 

LE NEVE. Sir wri.l.IAM (IIWO?- 
1061), lieraUl ami gi-n<al>>sui, wu ibe wii 
»nd livir of William Im New of AslMlmi. 
NorTolli, Iqr bi» lint wiff, iho <laiiulilur of 
K John AldliaraofSbinlpIinif. Hi'ifnllicrdinl 
H ill HKHI, and he was proDitbly lioni hefDTv 
■ loot). It W bi?«a erTciim>iMl,v'ajw.iiDicd tliat 
f bu was t be Willinm l.o Xnv«, K.n of (Icofftwy 
Nevuof A^ACtcdi.wbowiuuiliicnlrdBl Nut- 
wiob Sdiool and ('niuii Cbll«fpr. C'nmbriilgi-, 
«im1 wm >i(tf<l W in llI'Jl i^nuMOiM /o ft-vrt- 
wiJIt and Caiiu t'oll<ye, Oimbridgt, IS-T). 
Irf) Mi'\i* wia ai)|i«tiil«d Mowbray hiTald 
i>xtniuri1iii:in'uiiii>'i n wnmuil datrd 21 Juii« 

tW>'J tH«Aui'.i/*nii MS. NJT. p. ;si;i1; Y.xk 
burnid, ■.'■> Nov. Iii''>; Norroy. Ihavuiber 
1033 i nml nurmciiu. l'.'! Juiic'llS ■""'. Imvina; 
Wn pniviniiily kiii^)it(-<l nc ^VIliTnllall on 
S3 April IliU, In UUu bitwan incTn-nion- 

timev with Sir OiriHophcr Ilaitoii {UUl. 
MXS. C-jKw. iH ll'p. p. I'll). 



HTcrt from tlte Cr'.i~)' atid R. Wi«tiir» 
'Ooiiift 10 ihe Mill.' Abuai 3S0« !-tji»t 
i-mitrnli«l to AiiKTica nnd Mttloi) at Ncv 
Vork, wlinrw Im fiigtnved totan tmnll por- 
Iraila of (Ji-oi^ WiiiliinKtciD, Jobn Adnnu, 
Cniiiniii LawriMiru of tliv Cbisapcake, lUibort 
l-'iilloii. onil DtbfT Aincriciios of note. !■ 
If^lJ bo eiii«ivil iulo piirluenhip wiili Wil< 
liara Itoliimon, ft baiik-floU' cnirmvir. aiid 
Iiiivint; in a f<;n' y^nr* nimnl k c'>iiip''t*iiicy, 
rclirvil from bnninru aiid took 11 fami on tbe 
Si. Lnnmicc, iienr Montn-al. Tlu-n! be it- 
sidud until bis doatti, the dnti- <if wliicti it 
not rwotilud. 

[RolgiavfTi Vwt, of Articia ; lUker'* Amni- 
ean Knpnnn and tliHr Work*. ISTO ; Btkic'i 
Kwmnd PDitraiia of WutUsKton, t&Sl.l 

P. M. &D. 
LENG, JOHN' (I0C5-i;^7), bi.hop of 
Xorwtrb. n-flii boni 01 Th()TUlon Ii« Dato,! 
ii'-ar i'ickcriiiK, in Ycirkubiiv, iti l^Vl. Ilo'l 
recvivisl bin imrly riiuculifiii nt Si. l'aiil'<| 
Scliool, und obcaiiiL'il on rxbibitioii nt Co^J 
1 lliariii':' Hall, C.Tinbridjjo, wbiTP be wan 1 
iiiititHlft riinT'Ji} Murcli liM3, Ui>(;r>idmtt! U'e>H. His eub«irqii«nt dt-gnes ' 
M.A. HilW, an. ItiflS. lU*. Klii. H* w« 
(iibHMiiiiriitly bi«amc a ^'nry officiont tiit^irJ 
Hb ofjtBiii(il [.Ti'ttt diiTitiPiiun ft« n I^AtiiT 
Hcbolar. In hiHo li>? publiiiird the ■ I'lutiia^ 

. . ..» ■ i''.'''r . .1, aiidibp'XubM'ofAriMophiiiitw.witbttL*! 

In Iii43 be i. «»1 1- Uj.»« <;««•*« by ,„„,u,ioo. ni in 1701 V- .-.ii.ed ib« >»>, 

CbarliHi 1. on tlic Jav ^^'■>ni tlie batlle of 
Edgehilt, to tk« pnilluiii^iiiiirr army uiidirr 
tlw Earl of Emm, "wilb n pnM-lDmiition of 
partlon to all iiucli «* wi>iibl lay duwii ilivir 
aruu; but wteii b" ollVfii! in n-ad il aloud, 
tbu Will n-pncivrd biiu with imiob miijrliiia'M, 
for olJeymg which order lie wat vtry nncn*y 
nnv onHrwttnbi.' His tnental poircr* failint; 
him, bu wM declared to be n luowic in l)o- 
tobw IWiS.nnd Sir blilward Walker (Gorter) 
waa enijiowfrvd to extsmli" liis i.-Kt^. Not 
ians atlvT bn ditti at Hovlon, on l.'i .^113. 
IIW! , nn.1 WM biiiieil at Si. Ileaift'*, raul'it 
Whnrf. He wo* no' married- In A*b- 
moVun MS. 1 1 \X pp. '.iJo i-t «■().. ilicn- is 
'A Shoil Awonnt ol tbe Lif« iind AclioDi 
of Kiiip Kilwanl II [. and of lii* aon 1-Mnanl, 
l*rintt' I'f WaUw," by biiu. 

[Aulborilio citod; AalinoUan US.IIlS.l 

fflurravi-r.wBs brirji in I^tidon.8tid oMidcd to 
IMtrtiWilliomToiukinsriiv.] noptncliurd 
bolb in lini- "'"I »>ii'?l". ""'t ™ eniployfd 
upon ItovdellV (r""t edition of ShaliwBciw. 
for which lie exfCxiK'd live iJiiM* 8«W Vwth. 
Hownman. W. JH!l*r. J. (I«ham, and J. 
Itevdi-IL Ho olw engraved ltuU-tu» 'Do- 

■ lloydelL 


niticviit Canilirid(^T<Tvnce,adding n diuwr-.i 
Intion on tbemi-iri>iof tb» nutlior. Ha alao 

fublisLed a revised edition of Sir llogor 
.'Kfimii(w'etniiiBluiionof Ciwro'n '(ifficwL' 
At tbo ronsiH'rnl ioti of I lie ueircbupt-lof hi« 
rollep> by rntrick, bifcliup of l^llv, in 1701, 
lie preached Ihf ncrroon. In liU^lii" wim 
pmK-ntcd by liii old ptipil, Sir Nicboloa tlie rectory of ISiddiiifclon. Surr»: 
wliirh ho tielil in fim/nmilain lu bli dutl' 
!n 1717 and 17IS lio d«liii-ivd tlio Boy 
iMtiuu, which Wf-n^publislivd ilie I'hIIok 
i»«Hul^ecl brina 'TheXaturaUlb- 
ligialioaa to IwlirVp tbe IVinriplM of l!eli- 
ftion and Diviiio Uevi-laliou.' Ho becniuo 
cbaplaiu in ordinary- toGenrp.-!, and in 17^3 
WB« appiiiuted bUbnp of Xorwieh. He -maa 
contrcnitnl at l.aiiibet bby Archbishop Wnko 
on 3 Xov. of tb« ume viar. He buld llio 
m« batvly tbiwp ycarB. Inivicfi dif-d in Lon- 
don of (.mall-poi. CHutrbt at tbu coronation of 
Uwren II. 3« (Vt. 17i'r. He una buried in 
St. Aiari;«rDt\ WmtniinMi-r, when- a iuur*1 
tiiblet wa« m-cti-d lo \,i>. memory in th« lotitb 
aialo oS lh« chanrul (W.itrw, I/ut. ,/ St 
Maryarttt. p. lit). J>iurinj his abort epi- 
acopain Ubk hadgainvd iho g»od opinion of 
hi* dioccM AM 'a man of modmiv and diU- 




oiiiioe,* tlun whom ' >m ooh cnutil b>; fiirrbi'r 
from pride, or show morv ima IinmlUty in 
Ilia station.' iin<l tiU jminatiartf d^ath was 
murh Unrni'-J. WlittC«n«atU liiin •« i!<>ji1 
mh] tivmrd man * (Mrmoin, ]>. Ttli ). [f iff 
»•» tirici' luenird. Hr liU first vfif« Ih* 
had BO i-hildnrn. Ur )■» uhnwii), nttiabeUi. 
ilmiij-htn' nf ^'^I- itnund of StIRM'X,' In) luu) 
f.. .1.1, th ami ^^uMinn>. 

pnuihoi uu liuUi« ^iccMMD*. unoojc which 
WB* one pmtcbnl bofotc the Socictj for ihB 
RffuriMlion of Maniiirn at Roir Church, 
:ia Dec- 171H. UU'llovli- l*«iiP«'piw*etl 
lOB ■treon'l «)ilIon. Thi!)- vrrra ivgnidtd m 
'mtid and irr('ii;hlj-.cli.-nraiHl c>>iiciAt< iiittUi^ 
tftml, w<>ll-riiuonci) tlinHi).'hnul, ■■iiridinl 
with the fniit of ii>iic!i Irammji, f^acofuUjr 
hit not [)tdaat)caU}' exhitiil*il.' 

[Blowiriricl«Hbt.ofN->Tfoll:.t<J.ili.: Alhcjr'i 
n* KuUiti Chvrch uhI Ha lUahop», li. H.] 

K. V. 

LENNARD, FRANCIS. fo«rt««ith Loiui 
Dm'se |l"l''-liM^>>.>'t<l''>i *<"* ■<f KidianI, 
lord Uarrr of tli'- Siiilli, l>y hi> fint wifo, 
Eluabvlh, lUu^htrr utoI ivii>uir>'!B ■'( Sir 
ArthiuThn^-kinorliHii'f I'jtiltrBpOTy.NofllY- 
MnWonftlim.wnii bvni in lUI'.i, IIl' 'ii(V^n,h<cl 
bnlJilluTa«hu>)fa(hoiiLl)Aui:. Hl^U.-U-iiig 
thro aKnl 1 1 yMt» V iii< 'iit lit aixl Hilajr* '( f.^m* 
iWW* iVivfjiFJ by 'I. K. ('.» In <li« iMrawlo 
WtwivnCharli'-I ■mllb'-fairliiim-'iil hi-oulL-d 
with ilu-litil''r,aiiilil i><-ti,i»ul, rr<>ui thi-iiu- 
portant OSCR* n-ith vrhirh he uus pntrtistod, 
tliat hi- wan n-pinlrd by his mrl t an a man of 
wnaiitbt aoril itiflueMv-. ' In Janiiari- 1811-3, 
iIm coouiritlii- appMnieil liy llw' llmiMi of 
OaBMMonil Inl>lMvtli<< li>i;,i!'ini iiiapotilKionf 
J<ftiKi*h«»iiig r>.»-o'ii<ii''ii>I<'<i ihnt (Ik< toriU- 
li< '.: : .' ' riiinticntoi liv iho hini! >buul(l bu 
el. I.y nlb'-ri t'himm liT l)iu jnrliu- 

Bwfii, ti" win iinlu".i (i>r llrn-furd^liirv. Two 
yt»n UlcT, JaDunrv tUI'i— t, iili«n Clinrt«« 
•tuiuri<'- ' ' '' mcDibFr* iif buth Ikiuam to 
boUii .nt(hfi>nl,hewaiioaporth« 

twanli--- , . T wlio -lUivirahinl lbi> *nm- 
nwu.'an-l ti>''( ni W>'>!iiiiiut<'r(CtAMrxiHi3{, 

IT- lO.*! I 1 1: I''.llihi- WIl»Bf>|ll»nll'JoDl'<irillo 

t .. rthv nuiintennni'H 'if praot- 

I, ml and S<i>lUad (/'AurAic 

,•>' ■, 1. rut. W'Ui-n kfl found thnt 

i ' , ■ jywrr w m Wing Nrarpml hv t Iw- 

« l-iHiaiiirtit li«il Inaf roil un- 

til .iiiiiinl hi)t nti,-iiilnni;D in tliR 

Uij-i- ■ ! I. -!■, A WlnrofhinoLiirdtin'y 
n( \\rr\-\ ill] iity •jmluT ni ibu tiimsr, nii 
SSJan, l(U:t-l,n|inloinMDKfo4riwKlwliiixhi9 
mumminu on lliir Mvin- nf h«itltli uid ihu 
nada bnr>8 ItWknl with *ik>w, allows tlul 
Ih bad )irvr><iii>l} ImfU m rej^ular atl«nJiuiCa 

iJiHiriMl*, im^t. Whi-n the nrdinancd fcr 
iLu liial uf tliF hiag was &bi>ul lo be intro- 
duced, and nil ill*' nbti-nl fwn wer« kius- 
nonw) (nrS^ tffc. Itii'^, Im whs keiil away 
by aiohncu, but bo was in hit ptan>oa 8 Jan. 
ItUi^ (I. wbi'n (bn hill was bmuDht up from 
tb« liiwur butiKC, and wavoneof tbo iwgIto 
p«n by whom it was inuuiimouily njoeI«Ml. 
Iliaiuawaclimeatand tliatof hitcoonpankiu 
wre ciAtn>>iir«dfoTby Sir Jaioni Harrington 
«nd iMh«n as * favoiinrs of the grand doljn- 
((uvnt, ai)d«n«mip« to public jusiio* and tlio 
lilH-ny of IIm> [>'>ici|<lr' <<'i.Aiii:xii»7i, vi. 315; 
1Ums,x..*i2.»'; UfBKKi.utit.rii. I3(t2; I\irt. 
ifur.iii. ll>'il: Lordt-JountaU,lliili.p.G3^), 

In IC&'i h« wi^ut abroad ' OH soum diacun- 
iMit bvcwiri^n liiin and his lady,' U wliieh 
lima Vrillinm (iolT** [q. v. J (lie regicidr wrolo 
10 Secmary Thurloo from Clioilcr llial "it 
wnaniiich fnantd bTmnnylhiTcilhnl hp would 
have ibu Ctuloi Jlotul-rum' ( Tinrlor Statr 
Pa/ytft, ir. IIMJ). He died in ItHKJ, and waM 
buried at Chrveuiii^. Kent. 

Ou ibe foilute of tli» malo line uf llio 
DaDrM of tlio North in 1634 h« ]>ut in an un- 
«iicc>-N>ru1 rUint In Ili<< ban>ny of UtIlraLand, 
n^i-iviii); by wny nl Fiinijironiiiin Dncrn and 
(ttlw-r raliiuhle lurrlilii|ia in (^umborlnnd and 
Weslmori'lanit. lli> wife Klixabrtli, dniish- 
(ur and rnbeir i>f I'aol, riBcoiint llnjiiini;, by 
wImm b" luid three RUUS and lliivo duMi-htiTK, 
Mirrived liim, niiil rv^iiarried Itavid Wuller, 

a., of Oodstiiw, Ott'irtlHliin-, |;r<Kim of tho 
clumber to Chnrl.i II, wliodu'dl*^ April 
!«;». On It ^JK. ItieO iJiv wai^ rmitvd 
OflontiMM of Slii!p|M>T for tif*. She died in 
KWl. lUcre w» imcxvedi-d in the liilu by 
his eldect ai>n, Tbomati. liDi'i-nlli lord iJncrB 
and call of Siuw.v (•/. 17 1'>>, who niArriwI 
I^y Aiini- I'i(*rov, llic tialurnl datisht^rof 
Clinilnt II by l.nity I'aMlrmnin. With her 
bo obtained a dowry of iU.OiKW. Iln wm 
from AuRuit HM^) to Febniun- ItK) irratl^ 
luanuribeliedclianiberirillie kiii|;. by nbom 
in 1074 liewas civnted Uurl ol 8udM\x. Ilia 
intiniato cuniieolion with llie court proved 
dinatlrniia I» liiin, and lo^ini at play and 
olt|i>r i''\lrnvii|,-<>ili*->c>iii]>''ltiil Ilim toerll blS 
(uMli'Rudriluleat liiir>imnDCcauxaiidoth«T 
fnipetly. He died in Kl't nt dipVBningi 
and was buried in (be pariih church ihoTv. 
lie 1p(^ nu mall' hrins and the eurlilom «x- 

Siml wltli him. On the death uf bin rider 
aiit;hter, wif« of lif'iiTf lunl-geiii-ral Clurlea 
Sli"lion of iho Freccli arniy, williout iaaud 
in 17-11, bin younpTdauehirr Anno bocane 
Itaronriu Ilacn!. Iter tan Tli-<mai^ by Iier 
(int huiliuwl. Itii-honl Karrvlt Lennard of 
itell Hoiue, I^AVX. i'Uns'r>de<l ta iiixdv'Iith 
liOrd I'acrv, and llio litU i« «lil) cslani, 
ibougti acrgod iu I but of llat&[idi>n. 






[In niUilioM tithe iiuthoritira nlmulj ciinl, I 
Coltim'iiPMnffr.Tol.Ti.; UMt*d'> Kant. t. 9«1 : I 
TnntsMiona uf Sants AnhMolouical Soc. voL 
St.] E. V, I 

LEXNARD, SAMSON' (.£1093). ^itM- 
logtu *ml miiiiUtiv, ir»» wd of V\illiam 
Leoaatd of duivcniii); iikI Kno1i>, K<>iit, bv 
A&Bb (Uugfalcr and livit of Jolin Torkiu.* 
of Hidimwnid, tJum:r. iln wim cfitujn of 
Samtoo LcDotrd of Cbi'ttmio);, n-bo ninr* 
tied Matnivl, baronew iMcrc. nixl of nlium 
bonounhle inMiion >« tnado bjr Cundun in 
bb ■ IIri(«niiHi.' IIU earij liftr vraa *pent iii 
mitiury «Mvic«. IleaecoinptuiivdSir rhilip 
Sidney la ttin Nvlhirrlnndii, aai) inui w\Mx 
him whi^ br n-ri^ivnl liia fatal irouml ■! (lie 
)uitil4inr/.ulplicii in ISJW. Suh»x|iipntlvlic 
de voleil lumwlf iolitpralurv.lH.-infr|iatn>ni«t'(l 
bjr Mmo of th« iwiacipalMraoiui of lii* litnr, 

rdTliciilarlv Ijy Prin« Henir niid U'illinin 
[tfrUTt, iLinJ ntrl of Pembruki-. Entering 
iImi Collegia of Arm* hnit-*! «p|>oiiit>'il lio'ifr*'" 
rOM puntiivant rxirnnnlimiry, Iit pnti'iit 
II Manb 1ttM-ir>, mill crrntcil lIliiMiinnilr- 
|iuri<uiviint L'l'Mnreii IttIA 1(!. ilrwntbiiiiifl 
mthi- fliiiroliof St, Ik-iirt, I'aul'i WImrf, on 
ITAuK. 1'W.f. 

lie was t)if author of: 1.* AnE-tliortatorr 
InHriK-tioiM'.iU (il»'"iy lt(-»ijlritiniiof Ilppt'iit- 
mnc, uml Cf'>il-'ni|it i>[ tlie Vaiiiiicj. •>! iliis 
Tmnsitorv l.ifi',' I-oiiiion, JiiOl), l^^imi, ilcH- 
Cii1(kI to f.uiiy Dncn- of ihi- S:>iilb. Ha aim 
tntiKlatrd the followinfr work*: L*. Kiioni'* 
' iVibl<Mui-s<.f Ikiiulie' 'tlMJIl . 3. Chiimm's 
IrvHtiNc' Of Wiaiiomi-' 'iKll']- ■•- ^^ M"''- 
iinv"* ' MyMiTii' f'f Iiiii[uitii-,' IOIl'. o, Prr- 
riii's 'liUth'T's l''iitv-riiiiin-r", or u Cl'.nul of 
Witnpsvsilcpoiii>ftforilie IViitcfllBiit Failti," 
1621, ivprinti-il in 'Pftpnl l'*iirpBTion nii'l 
Tvmnny/pl, ii .ITIUimiiirthi- tiilrof "Tlic 
llintoryoftlit'LiIU VVnldi-n»i'»nndAIbi|ii>ii»i'ii' 
l3.Thi?!inil putt nf.Maiirllu'n ' Piirth'-'iinpnEift. 
or the llisiory of the Kinplom of N»plf»,' 
lliiil, t'lilvd bv Jiiium IIijwi'U ij. v,l 

Muntiscript orniit-j) rtf tuosl ■<( thy livraldk 
visilntinitB in which h« was <?ii)riiui.'il uiv iin-- 
MiTTi^i in ihi" Itrilitli Musi-um, Tli^ follow- 
ing huvfi iB-i-n ]irinl"l by lb'- Iliirb-inn So- 
cioly: '^'iiiiiiili<m"f Wnrwipkiliirf.'llil'.': of 
Coriiwull, lU-JO; '•{ l)urr.i-l, IdUS; .if Soinr-r- 
avt, li>:^3: lind of Wdlshirc, Inki-n by him 
IK 1U23, ill i^oii{iiiie(ii>ii with Sir lltiiry St. 
Oeorp!, printpJ in li^?, Twovoliiim^iif his 
mnidrul nud lii>mldic o-ilb-ctinn* ani in ih« 
Cirttonifin MMi. lirHimd HHS. 

lli*piirlniit.iMiirinM-'(l br HobcrlVnu(rhftn, 
■cid rpiireiL-ntiu;; him iu nrmour, i* prulixtd 
(o hiHltniinhilioii of Cliurrun. 

[Adiiil.MS.fl8;4.f.37: RrwnciTV H!o~ Ui«. 
of K»i[l*ni>, Alh vdit. ii. 131 ; limnear Ixiirr^ 
p. 17S; LaDtd. M)}. 7'J, "rl. OH; Wdl>*« Sw. 


fMi. vol. iii, pt. ii. pp. £«. IJJ.ISS. 17-1; Sot™ 
■ad Qii«H«, Sod xr. till tSD; ltii>.-fl'B KfI.I, 
i.lOH, III ; Ti»K«raBlvt ued licuoalooikl. iii, 
al7.] T. C. 

marisn, wax bora in I7T», II0 ivtabli^bKl 
liimi«lf »■ (tfocher of i:n(ill*h at ICdinbiirvii 1 
in linn, and di«<d tlieic «n M July lA-W.I 
To a (chool nl Crmt^'cad, I'mlmhinf, bi- loft j 
an ondownifiiC of KM. ■ j*«r. To the timn 1 
council ofEdiabnrKti be bmneatbedi bi- biniU I 
of Auchi-nn-seli. lIumfrioMbirv. for fvundinjr j 
in Edinburgh l*nirer«ily four lmr»arii!> u( 
1^/. each, tu be calU-d t hi-'' I^'nnio Itururic*.*! 
They aru to be given for ' liternry rdtic*iion '1 
only, anil ilv~ biinar« pre enjoined to romy ' 
lh» amount* rec«iir«d by them as soon aj> Ibry ' 
oro aUn; thoMirbo <tu loio liiive tbi- noni- 
iiniion c^ Ibcir tarxmrn*. The t^^Bidue of 
the renli waa tn b^ niiinlly divided beCWMU 
TriuiTv lloHpilal uDil Jarom (tilUvpia'a Ho»- 
pttol, l^dinbur^h, and nflrr th»i Inpiw of iri-r- 
t«in nnntiilit^ a further num of 2Wl. m v>Mf | 
wa> to in- A'idcd tu the fund. 

Ivi-nni^'s ' Principles of Rnulidi Onunmnr,* 
tu wbic^h li>' nddpd • ' K^-.'pii til i idled in 1>H&,{ 
)* KiillritMKivi-ly iiKcxI. lie iflti nlio tuthoF 
of the' till Id* l^addor.* 

[(imiU aiag. 1863 pt. it. Pl 3ID; Bnl. Maa.1 
Cat] O. O. 


murim-r, wus bom at Dotnipalrii-li, I: 
in i'ti'*. lie is slated to luv» lu-rved tt 
inidBhipninn in Ihu r>:iyal nnt; iliiring till 
Auii-ricun wiir. In ir:KI,wlie» in commaBd' 
of ih'tsfbooHrf I'nvoriii- otMnrlinii)ui.',<«rr¥i 
inji h'fli'm f.f man|iii-. be vriu vi.ri- nev<>t«1^' 
wi)uni!'>i, nnil bib *htp wait token, nfler & 
Rmvh en^ifiiini'nl of one hour atui tvncntjr 
minute*' dumlion, by 3 French pnvateer t* 
TC17 ■uperior foreir. In I'lW 1»> was i; 
command of thn Cenrml Kopp>-l, nUo ol 
.Mnrtiiii<|tie. nliich wo* eaDsixi'd in a wlii 
nqnall oil iJiiKn«(!e fn^in I'liilnJi'liihiii, wlie; . and «i>iue v( but crew were rCMued 
by n piMtiiiL' *i:lii.H'ni<r, after aiifleriniT ffraat 
\H-r\U and httnlslii].*. Lennon perform. ' 
vatioii* during fi-nis in llii) WmI Indie-' 1 
1«U0-!): but bi* nio*t r^tiinrkablc cjpliiii 
were in the llibemia, u CuirfM-biiill bar<iue, 
j tarrying nis K"n> nnd nUinl lmrnly-twi> 
men and boy* all iidd. in whiflh b" rradnl 
I for flome years fiv-ni the WrBt Indiu ialnnd 
I of St. Thomiw, In InI2 <irtlent wern imued 
that no f-nuiiU should Iravc th-' island with- 
out convoy, on aerniini of iln.' Ameri4.^an 
privateer*. The lliliernin nn<l ibfve other 
niHTvlianl men, nboiii- Dirifn'itnio ciitk'^'* wer» 
valued nt half u milli-iu ntcrlinjr.liad loiij 
bi'cn wnitiug. I'nwilling tu duloin thtm 


it , 

d 1 




fiirtVuff, t.Kivfmi'f Mactfiiii *j:n"l 10 tlnrir ; 
Miline withiiui cmviy, •'» cooiliiion "f Ijfii- 
Itoll Quwliilic hi> pvDtmul u coninHiiltitv. 
A bond wan pxoculiil. wlirwijy Lmiiioii 
«-onl(«cI»*l, unJtT a ponnlly ■>( MUl., to net 
M ComBwlurr. wlule lli-- utliri vi'urtii i-n- 
pged undrr pFiiBliietof i'M. Mch to Toll-'w 1 
it^iiiln «Bil oVy ocOpn. They vr«r« cIuimhI ' 
■ad bareasei) by Ilio Itotoie, Coiumnfton! 
fkm«;ri mi American privnl<«r of iiii]M:n<'r 
timv ; but Ijrnti'Mi nut only nyyiT^ml iliif 
crew of a muil-pni-kirt. irliicb Harney haiJ 
lakon, but kruuj'lil LU ova veMeia saft- iiitn 
tlw Enf^lUli L'lirfiiiirl ua l.-S On. I^l:;. Tw.i 
years later. wlii.-n in coinmADi) •>f tlif HiLirr- 
n>a. Yrliich Uivi |»>rttxl from convoy alY ilu.- 
i^aiiil of Sibn, l^nnoi) vat Btiack«il, ou 
lltjiily tN)4,by tlH'hchoolM'rComn «f iinlli- 
Biim-, t'.S., an Anwricaii' )irivut<<iT Mid to 
sarrv ■iit'1-ii {runn tod i:i(tntEii, wbicli lii! , 
jiaablnl iiuU bMl utTarti-rii tiiBelimirs'fi^dit. ^ 
ID wbicb tvri'ltr onl of bU Crew of twi'tity- 1 
two hands were kdled or woundMl. Two | 
Uobuii- rdlowrd niib tli» iitidi-rvrTitcr* of < 
the liilx'taia's car^fo, and Ij'anon oiiil liii | 
owii'-Ti' yurw c«*t in BtWIt)/. dnn)iii;i*»,of wre ; 
ihaD d'xiMe tlw Iom tlint would hiive U-eii 
inriirml if Leamm bsd *urrelld<^^ed bi» 
veodft willMiul Hf^tm;*. Lctmuu in ucil^r- 
•toad to liate dUil in relireuWUl St l)«t>»l- 
poct. aotiie tine wtl*r 1^1. 

[Accoun<> of l/tnoju't (iptoiti are (pr*" In 
Vat. anil Mil. 'iimim, ::i J my. 7 Aug., :;l Ant; ■ 
Mhi 18!^M. Iftll.w: idivvrv >>u1>*a^u<-iilly yali- 
IUmI l>ytbr iirtter. Lfnii-I -i llmi ufXVu 
•nlitUd 'Oiiriilryuf iboUtTihani Marine.' L>Kt' 
iim, ItHl. Km aUu UrvKtwo'i Naral l[l«. ml. 
a.] U. U. C. 

VESyOX, nrKi» and IviiUA or. {Sm 

LKSNOX, ClIAHLliS, firrt Ptbe os- 
iIt('iiiiu>D (1*^'^- IT2S), ibi- natural ton of 
Cliarl-* II by Ixiuiw di- Kerouaitu 'i|.r.], 
Uurhua of i'urtiRiinilb. tins bum ^> July 
|iir-_'. Ub0 Aiiu. KiT-'ilM' natrivatcd linnxi 
tlf ;>«lria|rtMi. Vikr)i«biri\ Knrl of Uarcli, 
Ikllltf of lUrbmiiod, Vorkiliire, in the 
nif of HofttaDd, ntid on U Sejit. lllTb 
liutmofTiirboltoD. Ear! of I>nrn- 
I- L <uke of Lennox, in the povra^i- of 

^>•'<ll■lKl, Ttie tutuduhedoms had n-Vrrlfil 
1,1 Chnrlift II niiiH«r««l brit inakofCbaiti-* 
6tiMn (lOHUlttT:!), Duin of llirlun'iiid 
■ad tjrnn^ix, wlni had died without iMUe. 
Idmiit XIV a!<o gnw biro ibu diirniiy <>t 
llitlutof .\iiU;,iiy in ri'inaiiidettii liin mollier. 
On Ifi Ajiril I'^l be irai innlalW K.O.. 
«wifin l:f Jiilv lll*^! h« ^lat tlanlt^l (r>v«r- 
nflroflhiiub«r'iuiiCa«l1e. Hn^J Jan. 1ci»i-^ 
lie wu appvieied naut^r of tbe borw, on 

llio Tv»oval of tbtf Ittiktr of Munmoiitb. ibe 
iliilivs »f tiM ofllc^ lieiiig «xerci)i?d during 
bin minority by tbtv"f ronimiMifiiii^ri*. Ho 
asd bio niolber uai<l n riiiit in l-*rai>r« in 
Mnrrh UtAi-->. .\ljout April 1863 bo 1m- 
cauie lii|ib mewiird of ihn oily of York. 
C'tinrlca, occordin^ to Itniitlun. «-&« f<ind 
of Iticbinundi n'boai Evtlyii di^cribed in 
1(1^ iM a Very jirvtly tr.iy 1 Mxi'ky stales 
lliat be mut'li r«'4L'inbl^l bis fntber, but wben 
yoiini; be wa» extrv^iir-ly bHndMimp. lli« 
mollii-r K«» uueftsy al>i)nt bi« protpectn, and 
•be pnvurvd Irlii-rt |inl<'nt naturaltiiiiiir bini 
in l-rancc, wbieh wi-rr tyiri"Iered L'J Jnii. 
Itiaa. Hut Chcirlea win juflivienlly i(eni-r«ii», 
und in addition tt> an annuity of 2.(3WI., 
ebarged on ibo land« "l L-iird Gk\\ lie f.-nvi- 
him >i rot alt von the coiil dii<^*, wbieli bisde- 
H.-<-ndnni. in 1 1 (K) (-xulinnifoil fijmnamiiiilvof 
19,UU0/. frmn tlw conso1i<lnlr<l fund. \\\u-n 
to bia brutlier, but .luntm bnti^d tbf Diicbvu 
of PorMmoulli, mid reniored tSie duki* from 
the maslersbipuftbe bone untt Feb, II^'>,oii 
the ullie^ed ^iind llinl tbo ol&m could not 
bt- i-wrcii^i liyd^mty. ,liiwe«wasnioivcon- 
ciTned, IionwiT, I»r I he y itui b'a tpiril imI pro- 
t.n.-ct>, anil imulo hit mi-llii'r promiw i" wnr 
bim as II Itmiian nilioll'-. .M>ttbrr and mn 
paioetl over to Kmncv- iibriul Ali(,-int IIJS-"), 
and njiuaiaed tbere fer 11 yeur. Ui.hmimd 
watdulv))tT<4euli-d to L<mi). and nns wi-ll rv- 
(■oiviid. lleformntlyenTcrrdtbeU'jcniinculbu- 
lii-fnitli ill iboclia^iel ut i-'<>iiiaiiiclili-.>ii oflcr 
ninuiin Sunday, tjl (h-t. IC^V lli>nii>ili«r*« 
pciuion wa» novr li) iirvnly tboui^nd 
livru, and iIk witb'^ it to be wttli-d <>n lirr 
ton. At ibu revoluliiin ICiehnond a^nin r.ami! 
to Pnris : but hii cbarkcivr waa n'lw iietter 
uudi'r^tood. and on 1 Jan. 1(160 he luuud it 
neCL'Muy to prolMt h'u loyuliy lo ,Tnniet< to 
ibc l->tiicb king, wlio j).-.lit»ly rv^ilied that 
lid knrw biin Ion wfll 10 kiiappct atiTlbiiiK- 
He n uhi^ In pi an tb'- lTi>be.\*pcdili'in. but 
wa» told Ibiit lie WA« t^>> younjT and 
litlU'. Heserveil, bottWTr. ia.\uK"''' I**^'* 
iLi a voltiateer ul itie uiinck "u Vnlniur* in 
(lie anny of the Mursbal d'llumii'tei. ami 
l)ii> iiFVlyMr. wbil« iniikin^-tbeeHiu|)ni),iins 
iiiib'-ib^-cnnip to I 111- I'like of (.Irleiina. was 
bud lip nl Neiixlndt with u'hnt wan tlioii^'bl 
lo be nn attack of «mnU-|ioii. In Si.-n- 
lember ItltHI l.ouii gnv bim n conijmny in 
ilie royal rejriaieiit of hiiff. H.- wat not, 
lioneier, Bulislied Willi bis pcnilion, and in 
I'ebniary l(Sfll-S be jeert-lly k-ft the court, 
and |ir<.>c>«dvd. by way of ^^witierlaiid and 
lirrniDny.torviigilaiid. In wrlliiiff fr-in Italn 
In lie itnrlii'iii'nx bp »niil ihnt bo miw e<>iiK 
wtd^tv hi; would tiav« bt^brr rank nnd a morv 
pUmiiful ruTcniie. Lutlrell mciiiinna t r«- 

I Lennox 

wiri tliii' hi' liai! nloK'ti Uh ino(b<^'» jiiweln, 
Tlio I'limily pi'inion I'rom l.ouig wa& ndiicvd 
on hio <1. imrtiiti- ro Indvo tUoUMDCl Iivres, 
dad rniitiiiiii.-<l lo hit iiigihor, who iboDglit 
ller Si:iii ritiL of liin si-iu<^>. 

In Kii(.'luiHt Ilii'limonUfnund il (vmrwiicnit 
to cLniif" )j'il)i liin {K'Utk's und hU riflij^loo, 
and mi Vviiiiiiidiliu. 1.1 Mnj- IHUlJ, was n- 
ci'iT^il iisiiiii iiilij till' church uf EiigliinJ. 
Hf nmiipiliU [H-nri with William ; i>ii IJ Nov. 
IfiU^ hi- luok hii Krnt in llt« lloii«e of Lonln, 
ninJ lii-i'"rii'(!niinidi'-ilB»cniiipitiIh<'l"liirnipni 
■warn lIiri-'iiRlimit lh« rciaii. In IfiBR In- wu» 
eusp^olvd orKuiiir' roinplirilvin tllfjni^ohitn 
Bcliniit*. Ill- naturally n U'ndicR jiorl 
in lhi< iii'im^iijijn tu (hi* Kiuiimjilion Itill in 
April 1. W, In 1702, bv ibf deolh of lUe 
DownuvT' PiichHi)! uf lEichinonil, lii! came 
imoiKiHi-rtii'ii <if th.i Irf-niioxuslntirfl, which 
h« told to [i t>iirchu.<Rr who ni^nM ihnin to 
the Dolw of iliiulroHi. At llio rotviiiiilion 
of Anno lie bore lliB sc'-plrt iind ihi- dotp, 
but lit- rou^i'd ti> hi> It wliij; befiiri? the chitn 
of I hi- ri'iini. lli> visili-d I'urin in Mny )Tlii, 
Hint ivhilif llicrv Bjifaiii in July ITl-i wuh 
myni-iioii'ly woiinij^i iii^ir thi- Pout Neiif. 
Ill- iirnliiiMy licrnniit n whig once more nt 
thi" lliin'iv.'riim jirrcuaon, ns liL- w»* iiindu 
lord of thflir<ithmiilwTio(ii.ior|i;it 1, l(! (let. 
ini.iind priiy tniinfillfirof IMand S Aujr. 
t'I'i. Hi-dii-dut U wood. Sum L>x, -'T Miiy 
irys, and vrii« buried in llciiry Vila 
Cliaiiel, IpVi-flliiiiriMiT; hii body u-ub nftt-r- 
word* reimivi'il in Cliicbmlvr Ciilbi.-drnl. A 
pOTlrnit by Kn"-I1<T i* m (joodwooil. 

Itirbnii'iid had thvnn^y, pleiitanl. mnnnor* 
of hif fntb'-L', liui \in \\n* nn unprincipli'd 
adrtiiturer tltniLiiib lifo, iind in hisoldiiRo 
wns addict rd lu • 1 runic on iicm titid olbcrr viai^. 
He mun-ii'i.l bt-foii- lU ,Iuii. im':;-:5 Anne, 
widnw of lleiirv, son of John. lurJ Hi-lbni». 
and dnu|,-lifr of l<'rinici»,b.>nl Urud^iicll.t'in 
ot Itoljiiit llriidi'nrll,wcond pacI of ("nnli- 
(Ton (Torus^ I'mw/f). lly Iut Itichmond 
Irnil n Sim {Jburli-i. M*ho bi'cnmo iifcond dull'-, 
and Iwd <biiiHhicr» : I,oui«e (ltl«4-iri7), 
mnrrii-d to Jinni'«, third curl of llrrld-lt-y. 
und Aniin < IT'T-i-iTT^), murrii-d lo ^^'illillUl 
Aan« Kepp>-t, si-cund curl uf AlbemiirU- 
[q. v.] I'un^-i'nii my- ibnl ntiiber lliu King 
nur tW i^iirvn nppnjvoil of the inaicli- 

[Fomcron* Louiut if KirminUt ; Ilniniltan'i' 
Uuutiijrfiijf Ilnmiiiinn'. VliMrlliV vd, il. 'iW-T: 
St.'tiUuiiat Ki'riiaiii^lita. «l. Luu^rp. iv. 487 , 
Ilcretljy*iilIi.'moiri(C'iimd..'*or,),iip. 22j.7,37t; 
Doeblirr'n Mi'inoii-i of ilani (lainn af Kngliind. 
toSctliemilb bur iMIvrK, p. 97 ; Sniilc Oi>rri<ip. 
(Camd- Sop.), pp- *0.iMa.; Miitlij-V M^[Qoit^. 
p, 811; Evelyn'* Diary, ii. Ida. HIS. lUO; I.ut- 
treir* IMri Hi"t. ](«tn('on ; IIohkIhiV IVtr- 
nige of Scotlucd. od. Wood. ii. 101; Jiujlc's 



■ >inviitl KHrOiinga: ainoaiilay'* llttt, of E^ngl. ii. 
718 ; JioiM uud (Junnt*. ioi turr. ii. 61. For 
iho Frvnch juii of bit lilo. •ro Journal dn 
Mikn|iii> ill) IXiiigivn. cl. Suul)^ Diitoiins, lie, 
(18&1. &C.J. loliL ). ii.ili. ii', V. vi. iiT. xr.; irilJi 
it may Lo foiDjiiirwI ibo Mrni<;>itn du Slunjaia 
duSuu,'hi*.| W. A, J. A. 

LKNNOX. riURI.ES, wond IHkb ar 

l:jtHMo,VU, l,i;%!(i>s ti'ld .\lT|ilu.'(t (1701- 

17'".0(, onlv wm of ('tiarh-H Lninux, liwt 
dukti^q. V.J, audufnndmnorrhHrWlI, w-n» 
Iwni in I.oudon on 18 .May 1701 (Wood, ii. 
iU<>}. He entered the uriiiy mid ira« inads^^l 
cnplnin in (bi- royal rej^'imriit of hom'piarilt^^l 
■itVpt. ]'2-J. Ill I7l'1'. tluriiiplli,- Ii[|.iinii8^^^ 
(if tiu futbcr, whi>n Lib slyli- was Knrl of 
.Murcli, lio win cli-ciod Ml'. 1\'t both Chj- 
cliestemnd Xewpdrt (,17-'-*-.T|,hi)t Nit for thu 
tormvr [iluce | llrlurnn <if Mrmift' '/ I'orlim' 
mrnl, ii. uo, u(t). He xilc^(H>iiiK<d to ihe tillo 
S7Ma^ir2M,waiicront(!dK.H.37Mi>y 1726, 
nnd h.<». (ill ciiinpunv wlib Sir l:. Waljiole} 
on If! Juno 17ili {llut. lltij. Chivn. Mary, 
\72i\, ]'. S^i). lli» ]io«ition an aidv^-di>-cninp 
to Oeorgw I n-nt. (onlirmed by Ocorp' II on 
liU noi^efdiiin, und iii ibn coronal i mi ul thu 
lollerkiiig on II Oot. 17i7,i.i-nni>x wns liird 
hi^'li cojisUbte of Kn^bind for tbi.^ day. Ho 
WHS iniide u lord of the biilfliaini.i.T in thu 
fvilluwitig ueulf {Loutton fia^tfc, a. ii.),&ad 
wn»cronlod un I.LD.of Cambtidj!).' S^.Vpril 
I'^'.S. On lli« death uf bis (jnuiduoi lier, thir 
[4. V.]. lie •nccoedi'd 10 Ihu didiedoui of 
Aubi|{Uy in Friiticn. Alioul the suine llmo, 
onthe rasiipialion of the ICnrl of Scarborough, 
he liec»iue eandidule fur ihe iraportiini post 

ii. ti7). lie WW tbi- liml clninianl in llw 
lii^ld, but theappointiiirnt wuadelnyi'dhi^tbM 

binR. who iilippoprinl<id the wilary nitnoliod 
lo the port durinR ibe viicnney. The dvl«y~ 
induced tho ICorl of t'enibriike, ivho wna 
»lri>ii);ly supporli-d by ibi' l*;orl of (.'b<»lrr- 
lUdd, to becomo u can<!iiJati', lull Ti-nibro 
WHdiipppMtidhytbegilt of nnotbifr pliicivRti _ 
Kiohuioiid'^ apiMiinlnieiit wiu anoounrnd ol 
h .fiin. 17.15 (ilEKVElr. i. ^N, it. 122). Iticb. 
raoiid WHS sworn of tin- privy council on the 
foUonjng dny, and bocmjio a wlruiii; nupporlcr 
of VViilpolf's |jovf;mmi.-iil. lie ^vu^ utiliHal, 
us nu inlennrdiiirj' in llie king'* ntiurrel wit 
bin eldcut nun durmj; nSt-^t.aiKl indinedl 
ihe tide uf mmdenitiim und to the liiscret 
rrinliiitL' of acriiuunioua ini-wiiges (I'A.) 
1741 llomcu Wul|M)le menlioni LLi urrMO 
at n hall given by Sir Tbomnpi linbinMin 
ItokeUy '11. v."l.wlier" 'ibe iwobi-auliw •m\ 
bii da "(; liter*,' l.ady Caroline and l,nd'.. 
I'imlly I,i>iinoi! ; ' ibodiikouit by hi8 nifu all 
nijtbl hiwinjf bi-rhnnd.' In rnbriiiiry 17^ 




th* iteB 'writer made tli« i-mmMua *IU^ 
iDHBt, wbkli hi- Qftcnranlii vitbdrvvr, tkit mi 
Sir Hobcrt Wulpolc'xrwiKi»lKin,R»duiioad 
At oiior misni-il hii maticnliip >s a coauplj- 
DM-nt tulbf fnlWu miDiatrr, '<n!iioh wtm lh<» 
Hwn nilveDii.-il ns nu [>»r*onal friendthip 
aiiu«il.' TLt' diik*'. in fact, rotwiaod bit mmi 
■util lii4 <)iMiib. L«i>nft mtitblwhcd osc*lWt 
nUttonsivilh iLerfll'snu, iiimn Granvillo's 
hltialTii. lIoRiCo%Vi>I]>i)lu1farU)erncGonlii 
(a liini tht iliMiivtion of Mrin); Iiwii t Lf oiil y 
nuQ in ihp worid who ever wviil ihv Duk(> 
of Ni!wr»rf!r. 

Ill 1712 ItichaxMiil WB9 amSe nu^or- 
gmenl, nnil in 1743 be •ttviiilixl Oeoigv II 
IoUm Bcmeof tbo war. FIh wa«)M««oiita(tb(i 
huilv of l>«itiii^i-n ; nu tt Jiioc 1745 be nu 
|at>mo(r<] Itviil(*n:tut-gvticnil, and in the Mni« 
jTbu be watdrdarodnncof thelonkjUHtiOM 
iif Uw kiiiKdoin duiini; Ibu kiug'a ahteticu (a 
«l whioTi woj ncniu coiiffTn-d on bim in 
8 anil tf&O). lie attviiOi^il ilxt Duliv of 
abiTUivd on bis iL-M*^ilili'ii) aparntl ibe 
lacubiti* rvMi in 17 J>\ iinil a^tiid nt tbi^ 
iuflion of fartnW (^WAi.roi.i^ Lrtter$, «1. 
Cunningbimi. it, 'Al). 

In Muy 17'liMi<-Knve,at liiimnniioD tnlbu 
ivy (iardon, WhJt.-lull, *» Hnirori, as a 
Sii-il t" thr i»-iLcv.' bI mliitli the Diiku and 
:''nii.a« veil u ' t!;^' hiri^. liie 
-.and i-vmbtvly of liiKliioii' 
Stitt i^iui^Kit ( ^^ AtroLt, Mlrri to Sir //. 
""■JIB, ii. J.'.-^l. Ill- wiw nOnittlid lo the 
of dorl'>T nf pbytec at OaiDbffii]g<E, 
full I'iV, \i*iliHl 111), i-tlatm in Knnen in 
I fiillowios monib, wua crr«li>d a colunci 
lli* oajnlv's bivnicgTinTtl on 17 Feb. 
inif, wid'diitl 8 A up. I7ft0. He wn» 
I ill Cbii'bi-Alcf L'atbi-dml, wbithpr bis 
i^a ndn*iiiH bnd bocn runiovotl. Manj 
i at conidolrara from Ibo Duko nf Now- 
nhd olbi>n lo ihr (liicbi!<» and to cQio 
r ar«|ir>'>4'Tvnl in tlw Utitiili Mui^iim 
, Ma. 31'72l'; r{. WiLl-oLK, if/(ci-< /* 


I i^bM hM • drftvtiT« «dncaiion, and iwr- 

i! of iufunantiiin.ntiO cvrlainlvdoM 
LiL iu!;:i; ibi- sliiir]' vt'itWtsof ■ half-will**! ' 
■ muliali ' ohti.-!i Ijiti ra Carolini* opplird 
him. Ilunri, it) fnct, cnlh him 'very 
lining.' ai;il adiU if wu ' » fii'cndlr and 
on* tiian, nob)-- in bis way of actinic, 
alkinff, ibinkinjc.' Tlli> tii;;b t-atimali' ia 
.rmllmird bj- lU-nrv Kii'ldiii); (On iL^bbfri, 
!», 1(17 1. MaiiitiFollfjrij. v/ ()>•• nti[><|Uiiry. 
to a Ii>llpr written lu Dn C'l^ii in 1741, uid 
■Ini'^frainibvdulie'aBraiat (ioodwoo<l,aft«r 
roliyiainfrbUluMt'* toTC for' all MCttof natu- 
ral kiK>wl«dc<^,' d««irii1ip« him aa tbn ' nxm 
tmmaJM and b>-4t uiau living' (XtcituU, 

Lit. Antf. ir. ttlCl, He was ven- liii^y 
oMtraieil by all hit pojilicnl friviiiu among 
ibe pnednmibant whis purty, IWdo* tho 
olBn-s enuiuffratnl aUjvn. l.Minot. who had 
iNvnafirtlowoflbF lt<i\alSiH-ii-rv nino- 17S4, 
<nu in lite year of his^euihclecUvlpn-sidiMit 
of Ibc Socii-Ty i>f Aiitiquarictd. lie wiis aUo 
forn kIiok poriuil a lunnht-'r of iLeKit-t'ut 

He marrin] at llin Ilapto 4 n>'c. 17H<, 
SaruU {•!. 1731), eliint dmiirhu-r niiil foliwr 
of WilUam L'uiluRan, fini <ar! of (.'adogan 
[q.v.] TlirfcioryifiUemaniaEviiLaramBntia 
oiMt. Tliuir utiion wuB a barKain to <«ii()el n 
(Cntnblin^ drht U'tweon tLciriuivtitA. ImliiA- 
diatcly aftor ilio ci-mncn^v Vie yonng Lord 
>InR'l) wai porrirti oil" by h'ls tutoi tolhe con- 
tinent. Itutiiminar loKngUnd aft«r llireu 
yeara li« liiid »urh n iliMj^nwablo rocollcc- 
tinn of bi* wife tUil bn n.-]iair«d on tli« night 
of bis arrival lo the Ihcstrk-. TIirpc he mw 
a lady uf so tine unappcamacu ihat h«iukod 
whoalt*iwn». 'The reining tout, the b«au> 
tifiil Ijidjr March.' ni» «uMei]Ui-nt allectioa 
for bin wifi.- wb» so ^ni ibai, accordiac to 
her Ktnndhin. slir di.d of priof for liis loM 
(»«■ S-vMiiiiD and Tow\»i;xii, Irorma'iuf 
I'lnniliet f/ KnnlaK'I.W ittfl-3). Hy Iter tho 
diikp bad Iwelvp thililri'n ; tlio two fld«M 
»uns died ill cliildhood. diarit*, the sevvniU 
child and third Mm, Uid Ocorgv Heiirv, 
fourth SMI, Kft wpHmtelr nutteed. Lwjv 
}»rahlj;nnoi|li4.'> l^:;i>]ii)ii<<'l'?vutilhchildt 
born in l.oii'Ion 14 Feb, l744--'i, marriud, 
on:; JuiMT l7(''^,l1ioRin>.C1tniIt<i laflvrwiirds 
Sir llioniai t'liiil.t) Ilunbtiry (li. 1831), 
elder brother of llfiirr William Unnbiuy 
'<[. t.], fnun whom she wa« divoret-d bt Act 
u( Tarliimenl 14 Muy I77il (Itt-iCK, Jiinby 
Cluh and itt l-'cunifirt, pp. 7-- 3). (Ju 'J7 Aug. 
l7Msb(> itinrried Geoi^e Nnpier.»ixthcouaf 
Fnncw, fiflh lord Xapitr, niid dieil 1^ Aug. 
1620, iMving live sons and ihvn- dniiKbt^n. 
T1i« vldcu aon was <icncml Sir Cbarle« 
Jamra XnpiM, tha cntKiiicrcir of ::Mntl(i, and 
ibe third uoi, Oeorml Kir William Napdcr, 
kislorinn of the I'eoinsular war. She in- 
herited the fiimilv buuuly, and mis pniuledas 
one of a IlotJuiiil House t.'ri)ii;i hy Itevnoldd, 
L«igk Hunt. Very imiiri)bu)ilv, "ii|.'^«i« (bat 
■bniTASlbeorigiiuil'l.a'n nf Uirhiiiond Hill,' 
and ihat Cieorsw HI ihn ballad. It 
M!r-iiunKir«prvbabl«ih.ii MifhirmfTtof Kioh- 
mond occwioned the form, which in muatly 
narrib«d to Williani iTpton, Dlthoufcfa il may 
rcfrrto ltichmi>n<Iin Vi:irk»liin.'.andhat«bMft 
written br MacXall y (cf- GfnI. May. l9iS, 
pl.ii.u. 18&; Lnoii lUxr.Olil (Wrf SiOmt, 

tp^ ltl3 tq. : CKtir. An-Aiwamf aitd it* Im- 
aliHimt», f. ilTOl. For a plcoxin);, if aomc- 
wbat bighly coloured, account of Ibo loro 


poMaj^ia between Ci«v>r^ tU anil!;Sttntli, 
who—' nolTvilhelnmlirig dliv i» tnid lo Lnve 
bi-i-ii in love «t tlii> tiui" (17»1) with Lotd 
Ki-wI}i>iiIh — lin<l no objfclion in becocn« a 
iiwed," MP Jt*""'* ' Slsnioir* of Ocoiuc III,' 
i. «4-». 100 (Cf. WHAX*I.^ Mrrmoirt, ii. 
a7; firrnntU i'ayer; ir. I^OO-IU, and Mt. 
Omidii: 111). 

1'wu |»irtraits uf tlii- iluhe by Kiirller nnd 
Vun Loo ri'ijH.'tiiv'i'lv hnvi- been Higrovftl 
in tueuoiiiit li}' J. f'abor (Bkuui.kv, Cat. 
p. 262). 

[(^oUini'l pMngc, ed. Brvdsei, \. 181 «qq, ; 
J>ijui;liit'« Ytvngtt *•). WJoJ. ii. I0>>. ion -, 
lloyXsa Officii llnranogr, iit. 109; Uml. Miie. 
1740. p. 8J1II; Memoini uf Kll-Cat Clab, pp. 18, 
17; Htsil]! Weekly Jaiinint, II Au£. \'iO; 
Cciuf'n IVUinrn Adiiiini>lr>lLoii, i. 107. ii. 173; 
Hoftry's Mi'lnoiM; WnlpoIeBLcllcn; uii'l Ni-w- 
Cftnilo Cort™pou>irnci>. pauim.] T. S. 

LKNNOX,, tliird Dckb of 
KicHMOKD diid I.ESSOX llTSA-lflOd), iliird 
Buu ')f ChHrli-H, second dului of Uichmond 

uml Li?mi"X [q. v.], by h'm urifw, Ijidy Snrnli 
(.'n'lo^UM. WM bom in London on 22 tV-b. 
M'Afi, llnwm* cducAtcd a* a lowti-buy ul 
Wialminrtnr 8cliool, wlinro CowpiT remein- 
bi^n-J sm-injt bim si-t fire to Viiiiiy Bourne'* 
' (frouay lock* nnd box kin ears lo put it 
oot uguin' (SoL'THEV, Coir/tr, lf*3lJ, iv. W). 
Hu f^dunied ut Lcvderi l^nirereiiy on 
2fi (li^t, 17."i3 (I'ticorK, /«rf«c «/ J^rydni 
Slu'fent*. l!*?^, p. S3), nnd tiilrii-qilenlly 

ifHTBlk'd on till! ponlini'nt. Having i-nirml 
liiL- unny Ixo wa* (iiwutted cnplniii in llie 
2Utli re^'iiiiDnl of foot on tF< June 1753, 
lieulenniil-eolouel in tlie 33rd n'^meut of 
fool on 7 Jutie l".j(l, colonel of (he 72nd 
rej:iitieiLi of fixH in 9 Mny 1768, oiiil is suid 
til ImTO B(intid in kotctoI WlpiHiltions to 
t\\v I'ri'ncli conjf, nnd ia linvc Iiiplilv ilie- 
tinKiiinliPcl liim>i-If nt tin- bnllle ot' Mindi-n 
tU An|t"'^ 17M'. Ho »licci.trdi;j his fnltier 
iiB lliinl l)uki? of Ricliinoud nnd Leuu"\ on 
a \vg. 17'A>, oiiO look litii «eat iu the Ilou^e 
of Lords for the nr»t time on \li Mnrcli 
] 7'M {JournnU of Ihr Ifoiitf of iMrdt, ixviii. 
tilA). On 2.^ Nov. 1700 hi- wn» niipointrd 
II lord of ihn bi-dfbninbi:r, Iml thorlly iiftcrr- 
woidi (|Unrfvllrd witli tint kinji, iiud rp- 
mitnod ollicD ( Dobisotos. hiaiy. I7M, pp. 
4l7-lfl, 001-0), Ho cnrriedthe scepirL- wii li 
the dove at ^\l* coronation of Oei.>rgi- III, 
in 8eplumber 17C1, and bwamu tord-liei.)- 
lenant of Su>*oi on IS Oct, 170.1. Ho siib- 
npfliiently brokn oil' hi* n-lnt.inn« wilh the 
niiniilry, nnd nllnchi-il himii-ll' to Ihn I'liki.' 
of (.'niuberliinil. I'jKm ilie rorincilion oftliB 
Marijuii of ICoL-kiii^-linm'n liral adminislra- 
lion lir Tvfu»i:d tlic ]io?l ofeotTereT. and in 
Aiifiui ITOfi wiB appoiaied unbueador 

eKIraordinnry nnd mini^Iifr iili-iiipulvnliarr 
at Paris, bcinjt nUtnillcd lo the privy ruuncil 
■Ml 23 Oct. fullowinp. TliaUKli yoiin^' aitd 
iDexpiTicni; hK ccndocled bit miuinn nifh 
(in-iit pnidence and lfwp«t('\V.iLrOLi:. .V*- 
moirt'-f thr ISeiffii iff tieor^ lit, ii. 221' t. 
Upon iii» ruturii <■> Euglanil be U-caui*^. ia 
itpit« of tb« king's «tit>ng; pH««nal dinlikc, 
»i>crel»fT of Mnli> for the Mulliprii ilqMR- 
loml (2il Mny l7ISi1), in plan of ibp Dull* 
of Umftcm, noJ n-liml rmtn olEcc Od tli« 
ucccsMon of Ctintliam to pimrtr in the (bl- 
lowiog Aopitt. In n^conlitift Kodiiiii^am'* 
rehiLiialiuiiWiilpoU writes: 'Tilhe l>ukc of 
liicriuiond the kinj; was not Kilt^rnUv civil ; 
nnd in IniiU I bolievfi ilio mi\» which I hail 
nbtainird for liiii g^ndt nvro n niijiUl j id^tv- 
dinnl townrdu tnn (all of that adminittra- 
tion ' {ih. ii. 3^). ]>uriiiji thn d«bati> on ibo 
billof indemnity on lUUec. 17t>6, IliclinHtid 
culled Chut bam ' nn iiitioliint niliiiitcr,' and 
when culled lo order replied that ke ' wna 
sensible Iriitli «'a* not to bo tpuheu at nil 
tiinvsnnd in all places' (I'A. ii. J 10; aeenlfto 
GrfHvillf Papou, iii. S06-"). Itah lorda 
wwn tvi^uircil to promlM' that iho mailer 
*honld BO no fiirtlier (JvurnaU ■■/ Ike llutur 
nf Lur'/t. x\%i. 41s). After tiii» ijunrri^l 
Chnlbum 'diitiiijt 'bfnholeof the rcmaindrr 
of his adniiiiiBlmliou appeoivd iir.> more iii 
ihe Iloiise of LofJs ■ (Wai.I>0L1:, Atnaoirf <^ 
tkf Kfii/n nf Gnrgf ///,ii.4I1). (>n2-1iine 
17fi" Itichmond niovpd lliree rpsoliition* iu 
favour of the ritnbliUimont of rivil gali^Tn- 
mciit in I'nnodo, nnd eeiiMirlnK XoriJi- 
iiiKton'i neglect of ciiliurt Iiumul-m, but wan 
dpfeoied bv 73 to 01 lift. iii. 61 ; l^irl. Ultl. 
\\\. 301 n.) On 18 May 1770 bis eiKhl<-<'n 
I conciliatory rMoluiioiie relating to the dif 
I cirdero of America wpre mel hv n iiioiion for 
' ndionnimcnti'ivhiphwnnrnrrieilby n miijoritv 
\ nnliivly-fmirvol'-j(/'oW.//w^xv'i. lnH'»-U), 
' On SJ April 1771 lie niovi-d lliiit tho n-Anlii- 
j lions oftlti-' llolHe of Li>Itl» of 2 Feb. 1770, 
I relntin}; to ibe Middlesex eWticn. tliuuld liv 
I expunged, bill, thou)ih Huppurted br Chiil- 
I haul, lie failed (■> elicit any reply frvtn lli» 
' miniMiTp. iiitd the niolion nnt negnlived (I'A. 
xvii. 214-lii), In 1772 llichmnnd niif>iic- 
CP*»fiiIlT ndviicnli-d weciiiiotl from pnrlii 
miini {llcHKi:, (Wrr'ponilinft, \. 3iO-l 
llcccinstnntly denounced the mminieriul p<». 
licy with refi-tvnceto iheAuiericuucolonii'*, 
and diiriufj ibe debate on the "ei'ond reudiiii^ 
of the Amerieun Proliibiiort Hill in 15ei-em- 
Iwr X'"!') declnri'd ili»t ibe ri'M«tonc« of the 
coloniMs was ' neiibi-r irnnion nor rtibcUion, 
but is prrrfcPlly jiiiiifinblfT in every pnmi Id e 
nolilicul nnd mornl >en»L' ' (I'arl. ilitt. xviii. 
]I)7S), lo Angiial 177'1 Kichmoud wi'nt to 
Pari* in order to ivgisier liia peerofie of Au« 




hiany in ilu' Fn>nch parliament. ■ r-irnulitjr ' 
witicli liMlai'Tvf UceiigQiuilbrQUftli(U(.'UXt:, 
Ow ruyw ut-nCT, ii. 113-18). It vna darinft 
tbe Buntonble dfliati: upon ItiL'bmond'* mtt- 
tMd for tbti n'itbclraiml of tlii- iroriiM from 
Anerira. on 7 April 177^, tlwt Chatlintu vttm 
■eiiad with his fatal illsMSlrbenalt^Ri^iiiff 
lo rcfilv to IticliDioQil'* Mconrl ipwck {l^rl. 
Jti*t. %\\. 101l'~31 ; wi- alio Wii.p.n.u./^r- 
trr; rii. il'-.W, 51 ). In Mny 177i" U: «up. 
vorinl ttiR Marquii of Itockingkam's molinn 
Mr ihu rriunval of ' ibi- c«iua« of IrisU dU- 
CMitait br a rtdm* of HT)«vanem,' oiiJ in 
w ftw ncf to an alluauin to aunionor tli<> 
two BouiitriM, (leclarwl itiai 'ho was fur aa 
nitiwi but iiot an uaionofWiglaluiv'.biii an 
UBion of bi^arti, baiuli. of nnVclion" and in- 
Itnm*' {I'arltlut. x\. tU)). InJiiii<'l77g ' 
RIdiiKiHiJ rMwiml a wrlt-mrriicd rubiikit 
from Lonl Tbarlow, wlium be hnil tnualed i 
with tko lowi*^^ of hiji birth, aiitl wlio in ' 
raplrivtnittilediliijilisketbai lii^on-cJhiidcat ' 
intbc Hoiiwof Lovxlalo 'bviiiKilic accident 

frr, lltii, pp. IA8 !X); yiwtiix. nut. of Bits' 
lattl. vi. SIti: Pari. llht. x\. 5S2-90). On 
7 Dry!. I77H Uicbmond'n ns.xiiMi for an ko- 
onmiral nrfonn of ih" civit lid, vbidi he 
viintniiu-J ' waa laviili and n-atief>i| to ■ 
ahaacfal rl^ifn^'.' na« ilcfi-atrc) bv 77 lo 31) 
{A. \x. lSi.V>. I2*W-1). On -J June 17«0 

Iti-' ' »b" bail [wvtiousl^r joined tli« 

V. r coainitli-e o( «irTWfon{|*fice, \ 

ut- - -, - M bring fnrwnrtl bin reform bill, 
but wu iiiterrupird by iIm ciMifotion n'hich 
prevailMl in tbo botiMi owinft to ihn pn^ 
<H>ncc of tb(? mob in Old TaUci^ Ynrd (I'i. i 
X«i. <10t-7l'). Oh the folloirintt day be «- I 
pUin'-d the portion of bii bill, ibf rvailliLK ' 
of « h\t\t nloii-.' la Mid to bave oct^iipitd on 
b'lur and n bnlf. Tbv tbri't- mnin (eaturMof ' 
tit" jiT.)jii".«l iv.'.-m niKiiinl t>«rliam«iil(i, tnan- 
b ' id i-Wioral ditiriri* (w« ila 

( -f tMf DhAi •>/ ;^i^AMM<r« 

yj'.'i fiv ^ i-if-iiaiamla/}/ Jlr/->rnt, Ixmdon, 
irW, Kvo). It wan ri.-jf<c1<>d witbouc adiri- 

• 'r ■iPtip«l!ywitboiitdi»eu«»ion( Jinr/. 

/i' '-y-HJ. Ill roiiM><iui-ni?n nf notne 

■ ^, - .. ;. ' in tli0 tpi^cb u'itii wbicb bu iii> 
troijimd bia motion for on inquiry into lbi_> 
oi..'nti'.» <if Colowl iMar llayiM' on 4 FVb, 
1 •unir invaU'ih) in a ■(ittrrid witb 

1. I'>n, afiomarda Mnrqiiii nf Ilnj'- 

itiw*, lo vbam be nvpntnally apol«zi>fd 
■f>ur an e.tchaa;|«of corTpipaiHli'nci;(»A.t\ii. 
(M)U7lt. In the Mni« month lie protcJlrd 
in ibr lliiu'^of Lxirda atrainul (he adTaiic^ 
i:i.r^i i'( I,ord OMit^v Genuaine to the p«er> 
1. i'., ixii. lOfHMtV On til* fonsKtionof 
t)>r ,Vlnri|iiiik nf ItorhinglMn'* fwcond adtni- 
aniraitoo, Uidunon J irai ii|ipaiiit«d na^lcr- 

^envral of the ordnanro with a iieat in ibe 
cabinrl (90 Uarch Ufi), and on ID April 
I'^'J van vloctvd and ini'twtcd a koifcbt of 
the tiarler. In canuwiioQco of a nutnnilor- 
Nlandinj with Umrge III, which liad laatej 
sifrvral yean, Riolimond, ptvvioualy to arO- 
cepiiiig i>tHc«, wrote an ap»lo|^tic lett«r to 
KocktnKhani. in order tboc it might be abnwn 
to thn king ( Ijonn Ai.niiu^mj^ Xemein tf 
thf MarqiilM of ICuekiaiiluiin, ii. 4A7~-8 ; •«« 
also DoxxE, C'/rmrnndeitit vf fitory* III 
leith LHr4 SoHM, lH(i7, Si. 327-e), At a 
luvMinjr hidd at Kicbmoad'a houae Mrlr in 
May 178:f, a rMolution prapowd by Suen- 
dnn tv<)u<-->ting Pitt to bring forwnnl a nio- 
lioiion pnri in mentary reform in ibit llmisn 
of ('iimmoni waa r-arrivd (IIowei.l, State 
rriaU, 181S, XXV. 301). Ina letter toHoek- 
inRhatn lUinl 11 .May 178^, writlun afirr 
ibi-dpri-Dtuf l'ill'im(>tiaD,Hi<-lun»iidiiuijit«] 
iipi>n till- apjKiinl nif nl uf a committee upon 
purliiiueulanr reform durin}; the aMaion. n>- 
luindins Itocliingham that ■ it waa my bar- 
cain' i'I,oiiD ALnK)i«Ri.G, .VnwuV* •/ fV 
Mar^uU of Ilaciiii^kaiH, ii. 4S1 U). Th" 
mmtnittrr ira* never appointed, for Kock- 
incbani died on 1 JulyliSl^. rponbi^dealli 
Iticbnioiid i-tprrtal to be named by Itcck- 
inffbani's frioiidi u his aacceasor in the 
l(«d«ralilpof the party. His nephew. CliarlM 
Jamua Foy. trivJ in vain to lueily him, by 
pointint; out that xXxty wvre ' both out of 
tb»iiuMtinn owin^ lo i\w derided part wi> 
have taken about pnrtinmr'ntnry reform.'and 
ihoi* CUR be 00 (loiibr ihnt bis chnjirTin at 
the adoption of tlin Duki- of Toriland con- 
•idrrubiy iuflui'neiNl bi> nubHquent politicftl 
condiiot ( Memuir* nmt t'orrttimnaruee nf 
C.J. fin, IduS. i. 116-6: liOBH ALReVABLIi. 
Mtmoir* t(f thf .Vnrgruw <(f Jiorkiiu/ham. u 
339-10). On 10 July 1782 Itirhmoud ox- 

S liaised in the Ilinar of I>:>rd« hiii reanooa 
or not baviiiK followed the ci.tmpln of Fox 
and liord John CavendlKb in Imvinii thn nd* 
minintratinn on tho acrcuion of liord Sbet- 
bumc lo the treasury (I'arl. Hint. it»iii. 1S8- 
191, 190). llo appcora lo haro objected to 
the WMaon of Gibmltsr when proposed iu 
the mbinet, but bin opinion wa« viewed with 
iiidilTereiicv by honi .Sliiflbiirrje (1.otiD K. 
Fm>m:iii!-B,/,y'i'r/ William. Earl-fSlirl- 
/juruf, iii.SOft). InJnniinr^' 17«S Iticbniond, 
*di*approrinii of l/irti Khclbnmo'* auninp- 
tion of too much jiower in thi> neniilinliiin,' 
refuird to alt'-nJ the counril mwiiiii^ nnv 
lont^T, bill rmiaiiiej in oUice at the kinff* 
rvquMt ( \V»LP"LB. Jovma! i/f the Iteiyn vf 
Otvryf III, ii. i"***. In the followiiigmnnth 
Iw expft-wwl hid diMpfirovttl of the termn of 
p««c«> with Franc" and (he rolled Sinie* in 
tho IIOUM of I.ord8 t^Pirl. llitl. xxiii. ■lltS, 




Ricliinon^ K^usod an iiivitniion to 
join tbocoaliiiuti miiiiftrv (W'M.vti.K.JoHr- 
tuil <^ tke lUh/a of (itotye ///. ii. fi»»: I'ari. 
Hi4t. xyi\>:. l-Vil, luirl rouffiiitd IiU vlltcu on 
8 April liJ^, but niiiumi'd it atntio 011 t!io 
accwaioii of I*it< tn powL-r i^' Ui'C. lT8:tl. 
At fiml lifl JvL-lineO n wal in Pitl'* cu1>iiifi . 
but waa luhiiitti'J to it n fpw wei-kti nl'tcr- 
waixUnt his own re^tic^l iLiiHD .SrAMini'i:, 
L^f^f H'HUan Pid, i. Ifi-VrS). Hi' lirram-ia 
during tlut strucgl" a^imt tlin oppn^iiinn in 
1781 1» saiil to liaTe priiTctit«ii Pitt from n- 
eignlim; tu il^poir, aiiJ it wii) on this utru- 
eion tSni 0™Tl^• III is n-porti-d to linvt- 
Mi<t ' then; u-a> du iuuu in liis JoiuiiiiiMiA 
by wliom Im lud been 80 muohoitiinded.aiKl | 
no moil to Yrbou h« vn» tio much indxbti'cl, 1 
a* tbe Dnltu of Uielimonil ' (.Vfmnn'n/t aiul 
Cbrrttpiniiii-nct r,/ (.'. J. Fni, ISoS, i. i^i'>). ' 
In «|iile of mnnv pivvii^ut dnrlaTDtiims Uicli- 
tnoiiil tifiw li'iv^loptvl iulon xt-nlom eonrli#r, 
sad «noii jfivw dininoliiufd to nil hh'Sbutbi uf 
ntfonn. Ilv liecome exttenelj tuijMpulaT, 
and LU domiuiio V'"^'"'^"' '^"^ fr«qiient),v 
contnu4od wiili tin- profusion of the pnl)lic 
moa*y at lUo ordiianre ofl\ci> iJTiitory anil 
fbttAiimMi* Mfniii''* of Sir .V. Jf'ra.i-aU, W. 
104; eeenUo TAf IMIiad, 171)5, pp. Ul'-OS). 
On 14 Mnreli ITSTiliii plnn* for ihffortill- 
calinn of I'urtHmmlli and I'ljiiioiilli werv 
vioIontlviittiiclieUiii thi.>EIoii)rei>f CuTiimonf. j 
PitI, wliilr Qfliiattiiiii^ 10 iKuic delny, di-- 
funded Iticlimoiid'h clinroct'i'r iParl. t!i>t. ' 
JCXV. 390). A Icinnl of militiirj- nnd iinvnl 
olRc^rs liavlnit pronnunc-d faroiirnbly upon 
iLe plnn*. I'itt, on 27 Keb. 176(1, movud a 
roRoliitioii in fiiTour of efloctually avcurioic 
tho I'ortnnouili and l^tymoutk dockyards 
* by n pcTuanuiil aystiMu of IbriiScntion 
foundud OH tlw moel ecooomicul priaciplcu,' 
vrliicb inA defeated bv tbe ca*lttig-voto of 
Ihe»pfaW|:'4. XXV. lyi)i)-1156). 

In Mnri*!! X'ti'! nn 11 rriin onion* dbicuuion | 
took ptDn- Ix-tn'itnn Itkbniond nnd ihe Uai^ 

r'l of Ijfltudomnc during tlio dclinti! upon 
tivnty of rommi-n-'i! witb Fniocu (fi. 
Jutvi. 'Vl|-(M.57i' Sl,r.'»!i-rt5).wliJclipnl un 
•nd to tlurir frii-ndihip, mill nearly <-iided 
Jh n duel (l.inii E. Kimnrisici^'/.'/r of 
William, lyirl if SAMurnr, iiJ. 434: iind 
Boti I.i/r nmt l^tlirt of Sir OMrrt KtH'.t, j 
firit lyirl .Viii/n, i'*71. i. laTi). 

In Novrnt^r 1700 he remontfntcd iritU I 
PitI in(ioul>lpiuidiUiKrjlel(OTOMOM«»illc'« 
prAmolion to (1il> peera^', m»il declixn-d ibiit 
tliii dionge, 'wliicb U nvowedly mml« fur 
tin- wiIb piirt*"') of gitinu ibp llniiu> of^ 
LunLs nnutbi'T Imdcr,' addi-d to liix dcNM of 
retiring fffin publir luiiinnu, 'wbicli yon 
kiMwriinvn lotiK Wl in virw'(LokBSMX- 
IIUPK, Lifr •/ tt'Ulitim I'm, ii. "u-W). In 

Moreh imi lie dissented from I'ilt mn 10 tlie 
udvisabililvof 'ibcUiiuiniinnniinM'nt '(i'A.ii. 
1I:!-I3). 'On 31 May I71<-i,durin|r ibo dc- 
batL- on tb« Icinfc** proclunniiiuQ ngnitui to- 
dilioiu n'rilinR*, Iticbicond «*os violently 
ntlHchedby Lonl l.anderiliitefor !ii<npoaUdy 
ill th--cu\>^<jtrv(iiTm{Parl.nitt,s.xiK. lfil<- 
loii!). Afl«'r an nlK-tviktiou lAuderdala 
rlmllcnj^eil the I>uk(i of Kicbmoad, nnd WU 
biniM'lf clin1l''n);i'il by Oi-neiul Arnold, bat 
tbi- liud ill il»' (onHTr on.v- wm averted by 
the interpoiiition of friends! IjordStaxH'im:, 
Lift of William PitI, ii. Kil*). In November 
1791 Itichmonil wa* cilled us a wiln*** at 
tbe tri^lii uf TboinasHanlvoTid John ttoms 
Tuukp fur tii^'b treason, when hct letter *oq^^| 
llie diibjeet of n pirlismttntary reform,' mI-^^| 
ilr>.-Mcd to I.icHlenont - colonel Slinnnan, 
cbninann of the committee of cnrn'iipotid- 
nno- nppiiinfrd liy tbo IrinU vnlanteiT dele. 
fintiTi, nnd dnltd 1.1 .\uj(. 17Su. in o'hirli be 
bud insisted tbnl nnivprwit BullVagu.' ■O'^'ilu-r 
with ounnul election*, U tUaouly awfcrni iLnt 
ran be elTectnal and permanent, wa« read ut 
lenfftb (IloWEi-L, Stalf Tfuilt. l^l^l, \xiv. 
HM7HJ5; wv. 844. .175-81). Tbi« letter, 
wbicb bocnmi', n« Kruliioe »iJ, "(be very 
scrip! lire of nil these icicicties,' wui ori/inully 
published in 17R:MLondrm.iHTo), and pasv^d 
tliroii(;b u number of editinnK. It wus n-- 
priulet! in the IwifntT-fourth vojuini? uf ihv 
' I'umphliileer' (Londou, IbSLl^lo). pp, Sol- 
WJ.niidin'Tlie It I ^ht of I be People tol'ni- 
MTnal Siitrm(!*.' Willi pr^fiitory r>' marks Ijy 
Henry IIrQ'>Iie« (London, IWiI'.Svo). Fi)r(li<> 
Bake of concord in tbe cabini-l Kichmoiid viif 
rrmored from ibc nnlnnnee officM.- in Fi-bnuiMfj 
I79.i,nndwa.» snccettdtd by t'bnrlfj.miiniuid 
Coniwultis. lie wmi, howu>f'T, allowed to r 
moin on Ibu Maff, sod continued lu give 
enimttl suppoti to Uie adminiftraiion ( [jOi 
ST\SitoPS.i"f'rifti'illiiimP'll.ii. Tilt*; A. 

I'cndix. p.xxti). i'mm a leiti-r lo hU wsIct, 
,ndy l.nuiiU ('onolly, ditl-'il i7 Jnn" tit>-\ 
itappnir* that at thi> lim'rKirbniondhnd tie 
eomc nmrineedof t he neee»jily of tin.- sp^ 
MiACIravnt of alcslslntivetmioniniiblTvIan 
f LecKT, Hillory ^Emilan^l in l/tf JiiffAtrfHlJi 
t>ttliiry,ra.lSi-6). In l^UUli-.- obtuineJiui 
aniiniTy of 10,000/., payable otit of ilie con< 
Kolidnled fund, in lien of 'a Mrtain duty « 
iwr«tre|>?ncn nor cbaldmn of cotlx «bij»i«i 
in the river Tyn«t to b« oonniinvd in En; 
land,' ttrantn] by CliariM II tn bit w)o C^barr 
ilm first duk<' of llirbin'-nd and I>rnnox, b' 
letters palenl, IH Vk. 1«:7 (;KI .t 400eo. 11 '. 
cap. tS). In May IK):! ItieLmond cbarac- 
lerisi^ the t?rm* of the lr«nly of pence aa 
huinitiaLing, and condotBOod ifie Muiluct of 
the irar and the lavitli vxprnw is tntiMdi*- 
ing Qenun pnncM (I^art. Ititt. xxxvt. 731). 




llo f]«ili>- r>>r lli>- liut timn in llw IlniLsn of 
|>iMh im^'i Junn t'tOI. during Ibi- drbntt^ on 
tbi- Mcoad nunlinc of tli« Adiiitional Korcv 
Bill. whi^Ii he coii3«mi«^d u A t^iAn anO in- 
( nirtuiii* {I'ari. IMmtf*, 1st wr. ii. 

~ . lit' (liml Kl Goodwoml, Su«<«x, on 

JUUcc. l-iJ«>,inlli«f tfVfoly-twvirKi y^arfiflii" 
■ffH.ui'lwa^ Imri^l ID ('hicIii'MirCntliKilnl. 
lii« iHxIy li.ivini; tMyil finl opi'ni^il mid llllixl 
Willi alack lini'',nci''iriliii|i to Iiii dirt'ctiiKiM. 
Itii'limonit niui n ri'iiiarkiibly )uinilK)m>; 
nun, with n (liirmficJ biurin^j am! i;ni(!i-fiil 
■ii<l roiiti«>ii3 maimer. \-> a ]>u1ilicii\ii 
\it nn- IxT't K^bly an'l >Bibitioiu. Tli4u;Eb 
■n iii'.iill'jr^Tit «[w<U(er, 'ol iLc Ea«t IiiJin 
lliniw, ill his qiultly of a ;in>pri(^or, no )<■(» 
llian u a pr«f of part Umrnl At Wivltnliutor. 
h"' wiw rr.T *elivi-,viirili"it in dctncliii^ and 
■■x]xMiii2 aliim-K, tvol or imadiniiry, purpelu- 
allv li[ini"rii.' viejy drfaitiitt'Iil witU in- 
■IQirir-*, 111! J D' 'ki:kin(i in Itirii llie nrmj, Ihu 
ulmiraltv. mil ibu iriiuurv ' (Hiit. aW 
/VM. ,l/^«m'« «/ AW .V. Wrn-mll, ii. CO). 
Iliwno- Wiil]>«.|i', wlio ii^vcr tirvd sin^inK 
Kicbm jii'l''[>nii'n,wonliip]u-il'hUlliomand 
iviria«* Ivjoiid nny nun's.' mid di-clnrM thnt 
' iulmpiil and lender, inllexilili' nnd 
- •-■yond c-xt-tafXc' iLrtltri, vii. 3";'). 
1' . . wliitp(!r»iriii(f ali>ii|;anit Hatipr- 

ic',., ' .' i>f iticlunoii'J.F'XprvMi'iliiaapiniut] 
~ kt ' >t>iir imo- dii^iimies yoiif tuind itila 
I prrat a vori'iy of rnmiilc piiwnils.sll of 
rhicli, frini tli" natiirnl viliiinotice of your 
Riii|wr, Tournllt'n'n'illi aliuQit (vjunl piMi<iii ' 
((\rfrf*/t'*^'''^r, i. ^7l^). 

KicliiD'iti>l ruorri-'d.iin 1 April 17^, l^dr 
ikrjr Uritrv, iIvr only child r>t Clinrlm. ibini 
arl nf Ailmb'try HTid fmiilli (-nil »f RIpn. 
' biki ihinl nifi?. l^dv C4^'lt>n■^ CjLmpbcll, 
IjrtlaiisblnofJiiliii, fourth dii^i-'ifArgt'tl. 
Tmvarlnctriil iiuitr>],'Mv«\ValiKil«, 'in the 
Dria— vuulS, brarii}-, ricbet, altiuc«a, and 
lb* (iloud of lb<; kinTii fVnni TItikvi to 
4nl[. Tbi-y "ri' thi- prvitirit roupln 
(hull. i-xcfTjit tli<" ftit Ii'-r-in-Iaw nnd 
r'(Z<'"rfV,iii.07l. TIil' dudit-s* iliud 
Jwimil iin a Nov. KiW, willinat iMu«, 
■nd viu biirii-d in C!iichpit.?r Cfltbrdml oii 
thnll'li iif iho (nniJ moiitli. Itii-lioioiid liifi 
1 ■ limaii' diii);hTm. aiid w«« «iic- 

• . iii> Itonourt l>r liiinaplivWiChnrlM, 

l\ ton «f bit yoiuigcr bratliur, LorJ 

htsnnil ti'ni i;aii-tl<-J a mijor-ffvnnnil 
nn 9 Marrli I7fll. UutiluDunt-KL-nt'Tnl i<o 
^»0 April 1770. K-Oflrnl on -Ji} Nov. I7»S, 
ilonrl of tlin f}*!!! r<^iiiiviil of linrsc ii-iinnU 
0(1 ISJiilv171i'i.Biflli-M-inar»hntoii.10Jii1v 
"7IW. H.'wnj.rln:l.-.IF,!!-S.oiill Hw, I7.w. 
Mid I'.tf.A.. onllJiiiit* 17KI. Ilir wain p<itrnn 
of litenUiueaad of Uie &nciLrl*,Biid inMitmh 

17l>ti<ipnii<^nirT«tiiitoin Brbool ftir the study 

I of pniiilinsr nnd ticiilpiana in a t,'>ill)'r,v in hin 

< ttnrdcnat Whltnhall, iii>siuini; tiioviiiini Itat- 

tiitn Cipriani tho painTcr and J<)>u<j>li Willo4i 

ihn Bculjitor to din«l th« iiuini^iiijii of the 

Htiiduula ( WALfOl.ti:! Antniotet of JWiiliny, 
1 K19, 1. xiii. ; Enwinti EsVibVK Aiir'-'tatrt i^ 
P'lintrrt, IWIS, IJji. xvl-\i\). Tin- coIW'tion 
of ciifcln froin lli- niilicjiif formal by R(cili> 
ainnd for tlii* iitirpo*" 'na<- lln" tlr»t of tlie 
kind in ICn'^lnnd. S'lmi- of tli<-ni rvi'iil unUjr 
cutiie into il"' [).i*»i'*iion of tlin Unynl Aco- 
d';my (l.lai.ii: nnd TnUiii, /.■/>•>/ .S'i>J'«t((nt 
ItfirniUt. i. lW-!>. .-iKII. Hur«™ U'ttlpulo 
ilodicalt'd to Kicliiu'iud ill- fourth villoma i>f 
bi.s'AnocdoiMof I'uint ink'.' printed nt Straw- 
berry Hill in 1771. S.-htkI uf Hichmonir* 
li'ttflrs will h- found in ih" 'I ■orr>-«pf>iiii»tico' 
of llilrkn nnd ('linl.linm n'-'piTtivi'lr, nnd also 
in 1-onl AllmmnrU-'i ■ M<'inoIra of Iho Mnr- 
ouiii of lEj'ckinxhnni.' vrlipwi t'Mii*' rxcmet« 
, irom bis ' Jouruul" Uopl during thi- kit dara 
of the lir^t It'jckin^lium ciiiuiniitrniion aru 
prluteil. Tbt mil horehip 1.11 ' An Ana wit lo a, 
sliort KifAy [by Jiinii^t fil^nii-' on (hi.- Mudpi 
of IWi'iico bn*t udopii"! til f.h" Kitii kiii<n aiut 
cirvriinulancca of thiK Iilond,' I^mdnn, l"'*^, 
Hvo <anon.)> i* atiribiitod In liit^hniond in 
ihncntulcijtni! of the AdvopnliV I.ihmry. 

Iticliinond Mt twice to Sir Jo.liun Iti-y- 
iiolds, vtlio nl*5 I'xpciited n coiiy of ono iif 
rlirai> port raitu for liiiin'ifi;'ii8li'pliiTU(^r,IIi.-nry 
Si> Conway fn. v.] Aiiortrnil of llicli- 
mond, [laliitiid at Itarae by rnnipt-iif Itatlonir 
nnd nnntlii'r by (inin*boroii|[l), ora in tlii* pok- 
viKion of till! ^nvwnl Diikr of Richmond. 
TU« Imlf-lr-nBtlj pF>ftrnit of Itii'hmnnd by 
|{"mnri*,whicb nowbi-lonir* tnljiidv lliiidctt 
(.'ouTts. wa» iMignived by .In mm Wuiann in 
nnleM tlinn seven Itmt-tu Iticbmond llciuw, 
^VIlitehtlll, ¥nw dwtmj'^d bv flri- on il DtMj. 
ITHl (^.iM. Jtfj/. i;9i,Cbron. pp. W-l*). 

[Walri)U>M(m«fntof tlwllpi^of'.tmr^ni, 
^d, Sir [)<ntn Lr JUrrlmnl. t SIA; Walpiilc'* jlcicii 
nt Onrfcr III, IT'l-K.!. "1- Horn", 1*50 , Wiil- 

SnVii Ii*tlpr». M. t'uniiiiintinm. ISfil ; WriiaH's 
l»iii"ir«. ISSI : Kdinond IInrki-'i Curfttfond- 

on™, ISH: Clinlbiiin'i Corre»poniilcn«i. IH3;i-.ICI; 

Gri'nTillo Pnj'ent. IN.i2-3: Pi>liti.?jd Mtiu'innfU 

of Fninri". fifth lliiVc of L«m1i (i.'nmdfn Son. 

Pull.). 1884 ; E.-irl nf Allvmnrls'* Mcnioin of 
. Ihf Mn^jui^ of ItofliiiKhmn. I85J : H.incrofl'* 

United SintM'Ff Aniirii'a, 1870. ti>I., ir r. ri.; 

L/irJ Mahon'f IliiL of EngUnil, \H.\S. nili. r, »i, 
, rii.; lord Sinnhaiw'* Lifu of WiUiiiiti Titi. 1S87, 
. rain. I. nnd ii. : I^rltv'x Hint nt KnirUnil. t«I*, 
I ill. Ir, T. vii,; I^rd Ivtmiind Fitini4uri«v'a Lifo 
I of tbe Ksrl of Sh^lbunlf■. lBJ*-«; Lnlin and 
I Tuylor** Lib of -Srr JoHhun IIi'viiol t«. llMj; 
■ I/inflon Maeniin". 1179. ilviii. 3»' wiih por- 
, trail] i QfiorgiiUi Km, IM2. i. A47-tl: -ienl.Mag. 




I8M, f4. t. pp. DO-I.5T4 : Anmul ItrftiirtT. IHiiT 
(RirinKMn*'. Ctruii. ni. Oft*-!* ; i)»llinr»j'» 
SnMu, 161A, IIWlUpBOfChtditaIn'; pp.lSD- 
140. I(l-S: CatUaa'«PMniK«, 1813.1.300,210' 
Sll : DotId'h Olllclia ilafonnsB.lltse. i<i. ISO-I ; 
Alumni Wratman.'. 3H|. 391, AIS: Amy 

I.wU i .Vein nnil Qiicrin, tlh ncr, ili. 6S0, Tcb 

• 16H, lAI.) G. F. Jt. B. 

LENNOX. CHAKl-ES, tonnh ]>rKi! or 
IttniMKXtt aod I.i:.vsux (l"6t-1S11>>, born 
ill ]7<tl, vtm (tld«st win of Li#ut4<naiit-KMir- 
ml l-orj Oooffge Ilennr Lonnox fq. t.[, bjr 
LiKiita, dniifcbter if the foiiTtb Marqua ot 
I.Dtliinn. Wbilt- cniiliiin in (be Coldalrrsm 
foui-.-imtilb iu liKMip eballi-nged lb< 1>uki' 
of ^'ork jvv Fhcdcrick ArornTC*, DrKB 
ov York" akp Ai.n*st" lo » duel. It tonk 
jiiaev on Stt Aii^. on Wimbledon Common, 
1)10 Itulirt of I.>^nux iriuintt ihc Duke of 
Ifork'n r'irl, nnil ilii- diiki! firing in llio sir 
(Ofnf. Mag. 17«». |it. ii. p|i, J(«. «0u). Tile 
Duki' of Yurk ilut'Uivd tbRt lie had tiu Bui- 
raoniiy D|rii>n»l I.i^rinov.aitil bad UMrolycomp 
<nit X" g\w liini »nti«f«cli"n. Thn olBccru of 
Tbe irnnnl* hnviiiR ]ui»>'d a rc*oliilii~>n ibal 
Li.-nno\ hftd 'Ifchnml with TOiirngi>, but 
from the jH-Pulinriiy of lUu citviiiusUncM 
tint witk juilRtncnli' Lriiiioi, on 'iO Judp, 
<-xrbani;<^il wilb l^ird Strntbnaim bis pnp- 
tnincv in tb« gunnts for tbi' colon^'ky (if the 
SSlli foot, Iben MalioneO in Eiliubiirgb. 
Previous to joining Uin Tv^imrni. lie foiigbt 
n gecoiid duel on S .Inly in 11 li-'IJ ni-nr 
t'xbridfEO ttonil, I.ondi^n, with 'I'h(ui|iliiliu 
Swift [<j. T.', who h«'! piililidird a patnplilct 
reHirliiiR on hia cburai'tiT. Swtfl wa* bit 
in till' liudy, but ibe vromii] was not fiiab 
On l.irnnoK juiniiig Hk regiment in F^in- 
burgb, liic cosllo wu il luminal oil in bi» 
lionniir. Ilo Yfii» ol«o pmwntml with tUp 
frpi-doui of ibi^ city, and I'lectod nn boiiomry 
Rimiihi-r of ihit corpomlio*! of (toMsmilW 
Hi' nindc him»-!lfven* popular iritk bi* rcyi- 
mi-nt by iilayini; ericki-t wiib the ooinmon 
■oMi<-f», tlivn an unu-'iiftl conilw(in«ioii rii 
Du 'illioiT. SoWiiMPiiiM hi" "Hired wiili lii» 
reiiinitiit in rlie Tiwwnril t*lnnil». At Si, I'o- 
tiiin>([iifin l7iU ibf ri'2ini"nl wn» ntliifilii-dby 
rb" V'-lluw frviT, nn (•■■K-rt itinn fnrty nllii-i-rn 
«nd *i\ hniidnid mnk iin'l lllo [•ui-cuii'liiiiR. 
lit ITlh'i l^-oiiu\ol)tiLin<.-d ibt^raiikur culnnvl, 
nnd wm nppoinlvil aide-dif-flinip to tbi> kinc. 
niid in I7W be became inajaT-gcneral, In 
IMX) \ir was inndc rolnni-l-mmmandnnt. and 
ill l.HIJ't woB promoliil coltincl of llir S.%tb 
foiM, 111- become lipiilcimnt-Kynnral in l(*0-"f. 
and K-ncfol in IBU. In 17!X) !»• wna n-- 
mrivvl ti parlianicni for Siniex, in biicc*«- 
fcinn to bi> fnthur.aa B mpporier of Pitt, and 
lin conlinurd to rqirvspiil tbe Mnii> c<in- 
■lilui'iic}- tilt he Buccn>dcd lo ibo dnkeilom 

I of Itichmond and l^-nnox on ibi- di^ib nf 

bii uncle, 2y Uir-c, 1(*0<K (In 1 April of ibn 

followintr year be wasftwom a privy roan- 

rillor, and appoiiil<^l lonl-lieiiteiuiiit of Ii»> 

land, Colonel ^^'e)I««i«y (Bftirwurds Duke 

of Wellinslom) beine chief vevvexnry. He 

nlaiiu^l lliii office tilt It^l.i, after which he 

look no Ilia rMiddiM with bi> family tn 

DniMeU. On lo June. Ihn nipht Ix'foM 

I Qnatre Bru, ibe llnko nnd Durlicu iif llicb* 

I monilsnvelbi-ball n-frrivd toinByron'iiwidU 

I known Yerw'n iu-i- Sik William Fkaaer's 

M'urdu on WrlHitylait, lNSi>, Yp. 2~K-3I1 ; 

' and Kotrt aiut Qurrin, itb (w. vi. Ml, 4"i, 

iilo. vii. St, nnd viii. I7<[|. Iticbniond was 

pr»cal nt ibelinliU-if Watnlon, in tbfMiite 

of tbi- Ihiki-of Wfilinaion. In IfllS h«waa 

' apiKiinled giiTi-Tunr-ni-niTuI nf llriiiOi North 

: Aiuericn,Hiidh-'died neur It ri! bin nnd. Canada, 

! of livilMpIinltie, 2U Aujr, tbr fitlbwin^i year. 

In 1)11 prnbniwiity the dii^i*c r^iilled 'from 

the bit'^ of a young foK (tiee (trtl. Moy. \'i\9, 

(It. ii. pp. 4*%t-7). I!y bia wife, I,*tlv Cliar- 
ntti', ddnl (kiiebtpr "f the foiirlh ihikeof 
Ciordon, whom lir marrii'd 1' Sir|it. lyt'P, Im 
bad M'veu mil Bud SL-vrii dauubtm. and he 
was siictyeded in (he dukedom by In* cldoil 
•on, Chnrlc* Onnloii t.ennox "ij. v.' Ilia 
thinl dansbter, OeoT^nnn. Wn in ITlKi, 
mamiMl 7 Jnni* 1SS4 William, twenli^h 
hivmndo Itm, nnl died 10 Kfi-. ll'yl. TImtb 
i» a poTtrnit nf ih" dukr in CnlnnnI Ij-nnnx 
in Kny'ri 'Editibiirfih I'oriraits.' 

tK«i('» Edin'iurali PnttiMiti ; Short. Itoriev of 
llio Itfienil AlTdii' iti Hiinor Wtwhib iho Iluk* of 
York N'l'l Ijeiiteiiiint n:lo">! I.oni-i. kr.. \>y the 
Ciiptnin ii n ramiwia/ in onu uf ill* It-giminta 
nf Oiianli. I7«0: ThnJiWi" Swifli lj-lt»e lo 
Ihp KiHH, 1783; Riifli«'« PefeflR"-! T. F, II. 

DiKiniC ItltiJUosB (17D1'l>-60l.tlu! nldoiil 
wii of Chnrlni. fuurtb duke ii|. v.]. win born 
nti 3 .\ii;r, \7V\. lie wus educaled at \Ve«t- 
uiin.'ter Sebool. and wnx i;ntell--d lieutenant 
iu the 13th r<>ifii)i"iit. of (li)fbt ) drugrHina on 
21 Juno ISIO. .Vflrr *>TV>n(! a* nidt'-^o- 
camp to hi* father, then lord-lieulennnt of 
Iri'lnnd, 1/ird March, on he wm eallrd by 
cnurtmy, joiued llu- forcei in I'orluiriil as 
niilp-df-eumpandnmiMnnl military secn-tnry 
to tlip Duke of Wclliiyjion (July iHlO to 
.Inly JHl'l), lin bAinff made captain in ih« 
GL'nd rv»(iiiiient of fnot, be jen'ed vrith tho 
fimi bnl'iilion of hi« ri'ifiincni at the hatilw 
of llnlif* nn 27 I'Vh, l-"'13,aiid wamevprely 
iriii]nd'>d in thi' t'h-^l. II'' wiu (wice tent 
bnme wlihdfiipntcbe«, l>unnif the catDpuffB 
in lite Nt<tberlanil" be wuk aide-de-«iimn to 
llie I'riuee uf Oriint.'e, and afler the iirinea 
hud bi'Cii woiitid<'il at Waterloo, joined WeU 
lington's slnfl* as extra nide-de-camp, JT* 





u njeptinl lirutrnont-coloncl, Md placed 
onhiU'-pkfaD ji)Julvl8l6. Ill- bod reoeived 
Uw aili-er war-iB«lKl •ml ti^kt cliujMi, ftod 
It wmi owinfr to biit npw^clwa iii tbv lluuwof 
Lords, a^Mialljr ikat of 21 July 1M&. lh«t 
tli« PemasitUr var-medal w«s aC ImI, on 
1 Jans 1&4j, giren to tbs T«tcrMi«, irlio in 
of llie Tilue of flftan huiKlntd fcainew, on 
21 Juni- IS.'>1. 

Fran 5 OeL 1H12 to £! N»t. ll^lO, irrL<*n 
on bia faiba'a deoih be wu callvd it> tin* 
■pper houie, Blarvb waa M.P. for Chicli««u-r 
M tha torj ioi^'re*!. In tli>> lords he oonSned 
bimarlf at fint to agriciilliml qiuutiona. and 
on '^a Mat iKi^ ohlaiDiii a rflminiili;" of 
tBauirr into tbr vkhiI trade; but thrdclaiU 
ofnuuiKcli wi-rv, ac»ir(lin|g; to<<rcvillc,iri>C 
ap for Bim bv Lord (loorKf Bcnlinck. On 
tbe inlrixliiclMB of tbe Cntliolii; l':miii('i[ia- 
tioa Kill li? became oaeoftbH must vipiruiis 
of V>'eU(Bgt<m*a opponents, aud gpoke fre- 
qtuntly a^aiflM tbv oill aocl ita ' wings,' If 
tM iilti»-toric« could han foraifid a gnt'ttra- 
BcBt, tbe dske wu to Iiato bcMi Uiird>lii>a> 
tenant of Ii«laiid or lint lord of thi' tnaxiirv 
(Qbk* tLL£, i. dUu, whcK Kicluitaad i* cbanic- 
teriaed aa baling ' a owtain nuHUUTd ol uadvi^ 
■tandiag,' and an ' pn^udioedi uanow-ni indnl, 
illnaratv, and tsnatabt, gvod-lookiug, gond- 
luunoond and unaffVirtod, iMlioii*, prolix, 
maanuninir, and a duke*). Iln continiird (o 
be n<ckoanI amoiifiibi.' uItm<toriM, who were 
more anxioiu tlian ike whig* to out lb(! 
tniniBlrjr (BBOroRAX, iii. iif), nnct Urcy bad 
mm* liopM of him than of ' XewcmtTlV? and 
4W> Lirren onJ Jutrt firrv, »l. tie Slran(:"t 
ii. IWl. On lis .^Ujr \!im' UicfainoiKl mnrrd 
for a aeWl cotnmittw on t!io iiilcmnl ttalc of 
the countfjiparliculnrlyirith nuprtrt lu tbo 
w»rkini>daacre,lHiT,inapit«af wliignippoTi, 
«vaa il<dMt«!<d b^ 111 volti to 61. 

Oa iba (brmation of ibe rvfurm miiiii-Tn' 
(Nonmbor Ir^J Ktchiuond. though fa« diil 
not bring murh ton foltoving, wii« offend 
and aeoe]itcd till! onTiHncvdopartnKnt. Tbn 
■upoialneni, b'xrcvi-r, wa« unpalatable to 
t£« amy, and, after reriuing tlio maalrnihiii 
of tbn bone, be biwame pocliiiaaC«r-gen«roL 
lleatSrat ilM'li»e<l.t>ute*ei)tiialljcoiit«uted 
to acorpt the ealarr. In tbe niae month 
b* waa caltad upon, in miuequcnce of tbi^ 
^rrieultural riotn in Sai)*ex. to do battle 

X'nat n mob of two hundmd Inboarara, 
ID bebnt wichfifkyof hi»lirnanl-faRn«r«. 
lie afttrwards liaraogucd tbn riotrrn, and 
(est tlicm away in a goud honour. Aa a 
cabinet mioislor he wan, aomrdtDC to Lord 
Melbournih **harp,i)uick, tbekJDglikedliim, 
tui ■ioihI lip (n Durliam more llian aiiy other 

TOL. XXlitl. 

nuit in the cabinet, and altogttlhiT bo waa 
not unimportant' (OaeiiLU:, ii. SSHt, an 
opinion wWh ISrerillu acceuii>d with con- 
siderable qunliBcatiuiisttA. iii. Id ). I >D'J7 May 
1^184 Rtchmond, together wiib Itijioii. Stan- 
ley, and Grsliain, reaigned, oti tbi^ ' appro- 
priation' ratolutioniiioTed by Mr. Wanl.and 
rsplnbcd lus ntMM On 10 June. 

After biamngnat ion llichniondaat on tho 
croM>b««ichRii. Ill' lind already (It! Ht^t. 
lt*Sl) introduciHl a l>ill fur tlic rolona of Um 

gailM laws, which WBH refern-d to h aelect 

of the prisona discipline committee of ]83fi, 
chairman of ibe eommitliw of the Iloiiae of 
I.nrdit of \MQ which ^uggoatml tbn aboUtion 
of tho hullo, and in ISl:i wai appointed on* 
of tlictirit commiuioncrifurthcgoTeminent 
of rpntonville priiion. Hu supported the 
Mclbuurnt^ piveniiuimt, and, on the r>.-tum 
uf Lurd Durboui from Cuusda. warned tbe 
preinii-r ilint he tniist be * vm\ flrm with his 
ex-guviTiirir, or tbirv n-ould Im- ibo devil to 
nay' iMriioumf /Vtwi-i, i'd.Sundcr»,p, 442). 
«'h<ii I'l-i'l prmliicpil hi* frve-imde moB»urM, 
KiohoKiDd cumc lorwnrd nsoni^of ihv Icndera 
of tbo protectionist priTty. uiid in lt^l& led 
tbe opwuiiion to ilie Ciieiiim^ Bill in ilie 
upj)er house. Tii the snirif jwr be Wcamo 
pre*iil*iil of the Apricollural I'roti-clion 
Hociflv, which wni> I»uiidi>d lo miinlRracI 
(b*i principle of the Anti-t'omlow I.cnjfue, 
The titio wan ehangnd in the following year 
to Ihi" Society for the Protection ofAgncul- 
tiiri! and Briliih Iiidiistriei. When ibe abo- 
caused bis brother, I<ord Alexander l<eniiox, 
the clerk of tbe ordnance, !■> mign his mat 
nt ('bichi-Mrr, and bad him rt-|)1acocl by Uis 
son, l.oni Henry l.cnno.x. ()» lTj Muy hi? 
moird thn rrioriioii of tba Corn Bill iii uii 
uncompromisini^ spi'ei^li, in which br pro- 
^ piicsiiil that the Diensure would ' Hhnke Ibe 
foundations of tlw tlmtnn, (■ndnngir tlii> ia- 
fttilutiona of eIi<^ country, niid plunge n happy 
and contented twopio into misory, oonfuaioiL 
and aoardiy,* hut hia mution vitu dufuated 
by L*l I vote* to iHt. Riclimoiid was olTRred. 
but ilcH' lined, oflicL' under Lord I'erby in ltS5;i, 
He di<d of dropsy ou il Ocl. I'W. 

Kichntond was created a K.U. in 0*29, in 
t81tl tlie litleof d'Aubigny was nronfirnnd 
to him br l,otu»XVrU, and in I«i«,on lb* 
death o^ bis uncle, the fifth and last Uiike 
of (Gordon, Im asautned t^ letlrra patent the 
additional sumamo of uordoii- Kichmond 
WM colonel of thoSuBiex militia from lt>ll>, 
and bnidea other appulntmenls held lhnei> 
of lurd-lieii tenant, cusios roiulorum, and 
vice-admiral of Sussex from IWr). and wft» 
high feteward of Cbichcolcr, chaiicelloT of the 





MamdMl C«Ueg«, Abcnleen, kiuI beRdtUrjr 
coai>I«bl« of InivTims Caul«. H« WM a 
liberml UaiUonl, « smIous •icneuliurat, and 
iaftproi-«d tlis bmd of Soatliilowm. In 1k12 
b« wu choMB *ie»-iin«iilaat of ib« Saith- 
fiald Ctals whidi (baadtd tlu Itnyal Agri> 
cnllnnl Stx^cty in lt^7; in 1)^15 h* wa« 
elMTled president of ibi^ socict j. io raooMHOii 
ta tbe uUi Earl Spennrr 'u. v.], and beU 
that officeHBtil his <li!atli. nV-ir&aonowiwr 
o( noehionM tfoai lKI.<t to l^^'M, ami Iwim 
woo Um Oak*, will) (>iilDnr<> in ItJi^T, and 
IMVactiflBialtmi. In is-il JivvMadoiraid 
of tlu Jockif^ Club, and koload to nviao llie 
mka. Ilix excrtioa*, aided Vrtbofe of Lord 
Qtea^ Bcntbick [mo Bbtdmk, Wiluix 
QwBaB FmcDUUC Ckrmroa»\ nMiniaiii«d 
the inportMice aad buccmi of tbe a&ntul 
Moe-CMCtinff ai Ooodwwod. 

itidiaianidmamed, do 10 April 181 7^ Ladj 
Ouvluw PBKVt, vU**t dauahlpr of tlut flru 
Harnnin of AnfrlaM]r, and oy bcr, ■wha diod 
on I J March ) 874, had t«a okildnn, of wluun 
tUe cidi'il. ChorltfB Henry Oofdon-Lt^nnox, 
bom on L'T Feb. lsl>i.i»tti« tilth Hndprtracnt 
diik«. lit* MKoud dattg^tor, Lady Au^'usta 
Caroline Goidon-I^ennox (born in 'l827>, was 
marriwd in 18S1 to Osnetsl his Serene Iligh- 
BOH Prince William Auftiutiis Ktlword of 
SaxihWnlnar. (l.tMt.. eldest Mil of Dnke 
Bvraliard of Saxt-Wi-inwr KiMiiach. Eli* 
second u>n, L<>n] Fitjr<>y Oixirirtf Uordon* 
Lennox, vnn loit in the sicamur I'rueident in 

The tliird iton, Lord Hrantr Chibls* 
Qbohok OuitDox-l.iisMti (IS^I-IKM), was 
ooiuervatJTA mrmher for Oliirhmler from 
IStdtu \iv*r,,a, lonlof IhRln-asuryin IKW, 
and ikfraia in ItMiS-i). ntcrvlUT to tho ad- 
miraliy frcm Jul^r IStlii to OMember 1868, 
and fimt cumniitdiunvr of publii< works under 
Mr. Disraeli IVom February l)i>74, when he 
wn»fiwom of ttie privy cniincil. In July l^^'O 
ho Tiwigneil hi« office, owing to certain di»- 
clotnimi in the ca«n of Twycfo»« i'. Grant 
concerning the l.iibnu Tramn-itr* CmnpaDT, 
of irhichlifl WOK a director. He wit* imiirM^f 
iunoemi of onv dithoiiouinblu practiciMi. 
Lord Henry iliwi S9 Aug. l»f(J. 

[Mnnioiruf ClintluGordDii-LcDnox. Hfth Duko 
of Iliehniaii>l. K.O., 18S1, no nnoaTQioui niir! 
J. B«tor'aIJliriiry of Aj-ripiiUiinl Knowlodgo, 

Tol. i. ISIS: OoDt. Mag. isau, pt. ii. p. eao.i 

LENNOX, CnARLOTTF 0720-18041. 
miwillnni?!"!" writer, Imrii in 1720, wn" tlrn 
dnughtfff of ("oloni-I Jam<-i< iUniiiay, liou- 
tennnl^goTsmor of N<-w Vork. About. 173>'S 
ahe wu toit to Enslond for adoption by n 
wcU-to^o aunt, whom on her Rrriral sha 

fb«ind to be inciuablv iDMse. Uer father 
dL(d MMO afterward*, WvlnglMr uDi>tuvid<^ 
for. Afl^r fluting a» nn actreM (Walmlb, 
J^tttn, «d. (.'iiniiinKliAni, ii, 136), idio ki|k 
nortod bmvlf by lic^inry work, and about 
■ 748 m>rri«d a Mr. \A:nnnx. SatnunI I'alor- 
Mii,wbopublijhal her fint book, introducvd 
her to Jo£iuoB, and JohDion iniroduivd brr 
toBkihudsoa. Jolmson, in his admiration for 
her Uanwlee* lUls, ihought extravagantly of 
baMnhnia. To oolabtU«tli« publication, in 
OMMaborl'SO^onwrnoTfl, ' lUrrioiSiuan,' 
bo inntvd h«r to wppcr at hii rliib. One of 
the (lisheiwai an (inomioiu apple-pie. wliich 
he had >luck with bay^uarai, and bu bad 
crvparedfiiirlieracrownoflaurvl.nitli which 
ueeoobfiM her brow* (EUweiks, Life 0/ 
/oAmom, pt. 966). Herunborflatteredherhy 
citing Wnadw 'TalMii' in bis ' Dictionair' 
(BOVWHLL, Ijfr t^ JiAh*>h, «d. O. It. Hilt, 
ir. 4 M. 3). Thne cnoipliinoiita turned her 
li<ad.witblb<.Ti.'iii!t Ihnt ■ nobody liked bnr' 
(.Mra. Tbralf, in Ii'Abii1-\i"s Diary, \. 91). 
But hi-r brislitly wriltt«n nowf entitled 
'The l-Vtnnle Quixote: or, lb« Adveoturva 
of Arabella,' '2 vol». Vixniy, Iiruidoti, I'Oil 
(1783, 1010), wbicli appenr*.! withmit her 
nam*, ontitlea her to ntnk ni n w.iiuna of 
genius. Fielding praised it ( I'oyiryi! to Lu~ 
&on),«nd Jolinaon, who contribuIiMl the dedi- 
cation to tbc Eoil of Miildle*e«, reviewod 
it in th« 'Gvutltfuian's Mat;nzine' (xxii. 1411). 
n«r neoct publication was a eumewhat aUly 
book,eatl«d 'ShalceapMr illastmtcd; or, ^e 
Novel* and IlifloriM on wbich tho Plays . , , 
are foundni. collnctod, and tranijated,' 3 Tola. 
12mo, London. 17u3-4. In biT note* aba 
attempt* to ahow that Shokee piMi»< injui«d 
the atoriea b^- the introduction of aUmra io- 
Iriguea and improbablo ineidenta. Somo of 
tlte»e obwrvaiions were aac(ib»d by Ualone 
(dJobiMon, who wrote the dedication to the 
Kiirl of Onwy. Durinn ITKKl «b» con- 
ducted a rau^ino called 'The Ijodiea' Hd- 
»ciiai.' 2 vol*. Svo, A well-written conxdjr 
by Mra. Luuiox. enlilh-d -Tlie Sister,' wu 
^oduced at Coveiil Garden on 14 Feb. 1789, 
Goldsmith providing tlie epilogue (GbxEst, 
HitLo/ tlitSr4i,gr.\.i4\--h. A part j was 
orirnniivd to boot it down the first night, 
mid it wasiwvoFiwnoated(Iloavn.L, iv. 10; 
dent. Moff.xxxix.iitd). Tlireeof tb•■l:ll^mc- 
ter»inl(urBOJ^le's'lIeir>Ml»'w^«(•tol^■n from 
it. A GiTuinu trunslntion by J. C. liock 
wnji priuti'd in vol. 1. of V. L. Schraedftr'a 
■ Hpiinbur^'iwlies Tbnnler,' 1 171(. Ili^r latter 
davH were cKiudod by pnniiri- nnd *ii.'kiit«s, 
mid during tbo lait twelvi-inr-iith of her lif« 
bIio was a pansionor on llie 1t<<ral Liti>rary 
Fund. Geoiits Roi» and W'tlliuin Deloe al«a 
nsiiitod her. She died on 4 Jan. ItHM. B; 




ha biubaad Lanaoix nbo lutd an oaU ion, who 
«bUin*il emplojincnt in ihn United Bute*. 

ItriL Lttuiax vrate nUn: I. 'Po«iiu on 
aommloeauioiUL WritU'nbj'avouiijIiiulT,' 
8vo, LondoB, IT-tr. ± •Tb<^ Life of l[>^ 
riot Stout i' ■ IMT*1, Viiao, London, IT'il. 
A. ^Philander; ■ Dninauc Pastoral,* 6vn, 
LnBdoa,17-Vt. Thabiat of thiit pinn'.irliicli 
WM BO* intflivlvd tot tbn ttigf.islokca from 
Owirini'ii ' 11 I'wtw Fido.' 4. ' Ili-nrietlA,' 
a nov<.'I. 2 roU. l:iiiMi, London, I7d» (1701, 
w * Tlie tiiaut.' A fteaeh tmiaUtioa ap- 
•Mnd in liflOi A. 'Sopliia,' n novel, 3 \oU. 
ISbo, Loodoa, llta. & ■ Old City Man. 
MOi'Svo, LoBilon, li'ft; a conitdy, ilti^rrd 
Aon JMiaon,CliApaiui,atidM>nitoii'«' Kaal- 
ward Ilm!' It wan m^NmI at Ururr Laii<-- 
«n Nov. 177r>, and farounilily receirod 
(Gsxan'. *. 461-S>. 7. * Eapli«tniB,'aiiovel. 
4Tala.l2mo,Loadoa.i;OOL a'Menoinof 
Btmry Vmox, iatanpened vilh Legendaty 
BooiucM.' ISmo, Iiondon. 1601. 

Sha tnwlawd from tho l-'mach: 1. 'The 
XwMCHr* of Uw Cmmiess <if Ikrci,' 2 roU. 
ISmo. Loodnii, 17ri(l. 2. ' Ucmoirs of M. de 
B-i h UUP. dukt of Sully.' 3 tolft. 4to, London, 
i7JM IreprinlK] in tivo, 177S and 1810). 
Jokiuon rptii-n-vd it ii) ihe'Lilvmry Mapi- 
siBe'for]7W(ll««irELi,i.9(»). ;i. ■ Sli-mnin 
Cur tlw lliaioiry of Madame de Mninirnon,' 
ISbo, Iiondon, t7S7. 4. nnimny'ii '(invk 
'HhmUV.'S rolii.4to, Inndoii, IT^ji*. in wliich 
ab« waa aaaiatcd by Johnson, Lord Orrpry, 
Jamtm Orainrur, MI)., and otbvn. 0. The 
OuctinM de it Valltjirv'i < MeditaliotM and 
Penitent iat Pntven. Witli sane Account of 
her Lif*,' fvn, (^a-\mi, 1774. 

In 17 7S Jflhiuon iiuiitrd hnr in preparing 
propowlit foff a colt i>clivi? edition of fcor work* 
in uifflc quarto rolumcs, but tbi> daign w&i 
not cnrried out. 

Her portnit by Sir Joahua Reynoldi was 
vogntii by Banoloni. 

[NUboU'iIit.Anwd.iii Sao,SOI,43R.viii.497; 
VidmUw UlntU. of Lit. iii. lO, ni. 161 ; Chol- 
waw^ Biw. IKct. ; Baktr'a Bios. Ham. IBIS ; 
Fonur'a Li/« of Goldamilli, IBSS. ii. I4i-0i 
Bo^nM't Ur* of Johnon (ad. O. B. HUD.Iv. 
37t. and alawbwv ; Ittui't Cat. of EasraMd 
P0AMitv.ti.34A.) a. G. 

1 SOS), fmcral, "inbtbcliitilofC liuiM Lennox , 
aeeond dnkc of ilichinond [q. r.], vx* burn in 
LosdoD on W Not. 1737. Ho bocamn rn»i|ni 
mthe^tid foot-fpuudtflo ISPeb. 17.54. lU 
waa appointed aido-d«-auDp to the Duke of 
Cumberlaitd, made a campugn in Omnany 
in I7&7( and took part in tlie expedition to 
Um Freadi eout in 17&3. On 8 Ma^ 17&9 
bis WW appoiaiod lioutsutBt-colonct la tlie 

SSnl foot, in sucnasion [n bU (<ldiT broihnr, 
Obarlen. In 1760 nn<! 17(31 he vcned in 
OumiJiny, and on 20 Feb. I7(W was madu 
iude-d».canip 10 the kinj( with the rank of 
colonel. On 'i'i Uul-. I'lfJ be n-ai attached 
tn the 2&lh TcKit. In 17U3 he vas brigadier 
to tlio forcM in Portugal. Proowdiii|; with 
hi* nmnent to Minorca ho bad a qnnrn'l 
witli the KororDOF, Ganatnl Uodyn.almut tlin 
qualityot the wineaervedlotbDmi-n. Ilow- 
ei'or, Moftyn an<.Tn-ard> tbruwom; Falirijpu, 
a wine marchani, into priJKiQ, and thui aruoo 
ilie celebrated leadins A«e of Fabrinu t>. 
liloftyn, tried in 1773, lu which Fabrigaa 
rocororod 10,000/. damaigM. In 170A Lennox 
B<?cnm[ianic<l fai* broibarCharlea tothoooDit 
<>!' France aa loaolajy of IrfEaiion, and wa« 
tefl oluugt d'aRatFM in liin nlMi^nn-. lln 
became raajor-frBneral oti ^o .Mnv 1771', con- 
stable of Ihu Tower of Londun in 17i^u privy 
councillor on Feb. l<^l, nud full ft^neral 
on i'l Oct. 17tm. He wa» AlUrnrards made 
govomor of Plnnonlli, anil diwl at Stoke, 
noar PIpioulh, on H^ March im-'i. He 
married ID 17ASl.oiiin>,dBUsbiRr of William 
Henry, fourth mnrquii of Lothian, and by 
her left Chnrlti*(wbo on the death of Charlcd, 
third duke, in 1606. succeeded lU fourth duke 
of Richmond, and iauotioe'l wiinratelv ) and 
tliTOo daughters, the second of whom, Ivuiilia 
Charlotto, married in 178J the Hon. Sir 
Ooorgo Oran field IJorknley [q. v.] 

[Itarke'iPMraga; CoHtDs'tf Psentfiii (BrtdgBi), 
i. IM; GcQt. Mng. ISOS, I. 294, 6Sl>: Iteport 
of FabriKaa i. Hittytt, 1773.) W. A. J. A. 

LENNOX, MAIXOLM. fifth F^rl of 
LkssoX ( 12.^5 P-1 333). eon ..f Maiwiliii, 
fourth earl, wu horn about ISIi.'i. In 1202 
he succeeded to tlic curldom, and in that 
Tiar he wits one of tjjc juiipottorB of liobort 
brace ( 1210-1205) fq.r.]^m hb competition 
with Baliol. In 13w> lie joined the army in- 
vadinr Cumberland, but swore fealty to Kd- 
wsiTdlan7Ju1y. On?-lMay]S97hvwaBona 
of tboiKiblm to irhooi {filler* wero addretaed 
by the kinft of l^Q;;lnnd inviting him to join an 
Knglith expedition to Fland««»,bui ho seems 
to hsTe remained in Scotland tcf. JMnH 
Aeorw, i. W). In 1300 he was, Uko Oilbart 
d« llaya [q. v.l, a eivat supporterof Brnca. 
who exchanged half the lands of Leckic with 
bin for an estate at Cafdnxis. He received 
other chartfTni, nnd in 1310 he was s^ipoinled 
hereditary shcriir of Clackmannanshire. He 
appean u a benefactor to the Clusiac abbey 
ot I'siAley in 13lt<. In 1320 bo siinwd tlia 
luttertorope John XXII Biserlinji tho oocl^ 
siastical inaependvnce nt Scutkud. By dto 
king'scommandin 13^0 Lennox wasaxcused 
Irom paying the tenth penny, and a present of 




Le Noir 

wheat WM nuile to hii wjfi-. Ijmhiot dipil 
liEbtitti; bnvFlr at th« battle of IlalidDn 
mi on 19 JiUj laaa. Hlx wife's une 
•eema U luva bcm Matganl, and bv her be 
had tm Bona: Dooald, vbo Bu(««cd«(l a« 
aixtb earl of i«nnos, tad Mutdocb. 

(Douf lu'* Pmfga ot SiotUad. td. W«»l, ii. 
80 ; SMihMiMa'* Dm. iUottr. of th* Biai. of 
SMiiliuid. ii. SB. 108 . ExdieqiUT Bolli of Srot- 
Unil. 1, ciiix. calit. 119, 193, 3d* i rordun'ii 
i^vlichraniMa, ad. Ilaaroa, p. lOOO: Qordcin'a 
Eeett*. Qiion. «f Scotland, MonnitiKin. p. 6es.] 

W. .4. 5. A, 

(ITSO-ISSI), taiM:ellan«oii4 writer, foiirtli 
aCoofCbarlMLtwiiNi, foiirib iluk«of Hich- 
tBOad rq.v.l.waa bom at Winmtmd Abbry, 
Yorktimro, SO S«pt. 17f>0, and vtoM a jindion 
of William Pitt and • cuuiio of Oharlus 
JamM Vox. lie itufl (ijutated at ^^''(<■t- 
minilvr fn<in imH to 1814. On 13 May 
1613, wliili> eiill ni school, lie vas ira(HI«id 
to • cometov in thn royal home ffuardjt, and 
on S Ang. \i^\l accomimuod thci Diihn of 
Wrilinffton na nn utlachA in hia nmbnur ti> 
Paiin. In 1815 ho waa aitjieln.'d to (imrnil 
Bir I*eivirRn« MaitUnd's siBiF, wua prewiit ut 
kU moturr'] meniorablv ball in Itriis*L-U, aiui 
nur lome porlioa of th<< bslilo of Wulerloo. 
but was prvvpiited b}' tliv vfToct* of a boras 
accident frum inking an act ivn pari in It. For 
llireey^or^afliir Wntetloobo aclcd aannaide- 
d<v-cniiip to Wcllinirtoti. Jlothen joiiiad hi* 
regiment in IvntctanJ, n'oa promolM to bo a 
oaptaiii L>5 Mun-'li lf*L'L', and retired by the 
Mlo of bin cuiamiMiuu 'JCi Muivb \b^. He 
^hi SB exim aid«-de-caiiip to kia taxhm 
wldls be waa gavemar-Mnartl of Canada, 
1818-10, and iru one or th« \mgM at the 
COroiutionofCTOorgo IV, 19 Julvl^l. lie 
npnwnteil Kintr'a Lynn, Norfolk, in con- 
junction with Lord (toor)^ Bvntinck, aa a 
modorati? rt.-ror[nor and n auiiporter of the 

fO»eniniMl from 10 Dec. 18;W to S» D«C 
BM, and apoku on the lt«roTm Ititt, on fcM 
paid ou veuela la i]Uat»ntin«, and on ilip 
Anatomy BiJI- 

Itut, Lonnox wna wok intnreitcd in ■{lorl 
and lilnrntuiv, and prpfcrrod a lifo of gaiety 
and leimirc. He wudt)viot«dtotior*«-ncinf, 
dcligliledin private tbfatricals, and onoe tan 
abuiidred;afd«raceinllill Sireot. TlerhvlcT 
Sminre, at inidnigbt. HnllgnriHlin Ilianmlig 
' Vivian Cirey ' oa Ixird I'rima Donna ( iei>7). 
He contributnl to tba annual* dnrinK 
popnlnrily, iind to 'Ouce a Week' BDil ihoac 
anridU wdicli di^ajt wiih niilita^ and aport- 
in([iopicj. ' MuiDoir«orMif)an)e Malibran,' 
by Laily Mefliu, 3 vola. lAlO, waa bna^d f>ii 
a manuscript by Lennox. In liVjij li«cdiied 
the' Itoview' nempapor. Ho wnln HToral 

feebl<> noveU. which bad a brinf aucceaa ; but 
hid voluntai of per»<iniil recolloctiona eon- 
lain ioterwiing anecdotei about <y)urt and 
cAb«r e^lebritiea. In later life, when he wajt 
far tuyta rich, fae often ai:t«d aa a paid lec- 
tiinr, and t^giilarly contribatedio th» 'Court 
Joumnt.' IIi> dii>d at •^■l Hunt Plaee^ Sluane 
Ktnwl, 1/wdon, li* I'Vb. 1.^1, and was buried 
in Bronipton cemeiery ^^l-'ub. llnwaanar- 

ried three liinm: fimt, 7 May 1t<^4, to MatT 
Aune Palon i,IB(W-lWU ) [q. v.], aimpr— tbia 
manii^waa diMolved bv ilw Scotch court 
ofwMionin I8-11; secondly, in ISVl to Ellen, 
d«iii;hter of John Smith— eh« died 3 Nov, 
ISSfP; and thirdly, 17 Nov. J 688, to Maria 
Jann, eldest daui^hter of tlio R«v. Cap«l 
Molyneui — the, in ltt.'<8, wrota k noml en- 
lit led' futle Ilenlher.' 

Lennu^t'd chief worha vrent; 1. 'Compton 
Audlev.or Hand^ not Hi-arts.' ltUl,3 voU. 
■2. 'Tuft Hunler," 1813, 3 vols- 3. ■!*««)■ 
Ilainilton, or the .\dTeiituree of a WotUain- 
»tw Hoy.' 1R51. 3 vobi. 4. 'Tlirw Yeaw 
with the Duke of Well iniclin in PriTat* I^fe,' 
ISTiS. «. ' I'hilip Courtetmy, i>f Scmim at 
Home and Abroad,' It^S'i, 3 vola. 0. 'Th« 
Sion' of my Lifo," IBo", 3 voI«. 7. ' Tha 
A'ictoria Crute, ihv Rewarded and th«-ir 8eT>- 
vic«,' 1867. S, 'Merri- Enjilaud. iu Sport « 
and ?MiJmM>.' 1858. i*. Tictunw of Sport- 
inir Life and ('hnrftctnr,' 18110, 3 to1(l la • Be- 
collrctiona of it ^pnrltmnn,' 1803, 2 toU. 
II. ' Life of the FiOh Duke of Itichmond,' 
anon, It^. Ii. 'Fifty Veiir«' Ilioirmpliical 
Remini«cence«.'18l)3. 2 vola. i&. 'TheAd- 
venlurve of a Man of Fomitv,' 18&1, 3 voI>. 
14. ' Draftd on my Memurvj' 1806, 2 toU. 
19. 'Spon at Home anif Abroad,' iHTi, 

2 vola, 1«. ■ My Reeolkctiona.' 1874,2 vol*, 
17. 'Cnhbriiiea I have known,' l«6-7, 
4 ToU. 18. *Coachin(C. with Aiifrdoteaof tha 
Ilond,' IK78. IP, ' Fnahinn then and now,' 
lB7t*. 1> voU. 'JO. ' l,.ira of Himself.' 1880, 

3 voU. lM. • I'lavs, I'Invers, and I'layhouaw 
at Rome und Abroad,' If^l, 2 voK 

[Lonnnx'a nutobiogrnptiii- worka. oapreially 
N.n, 12 iiiid l« aboTi-; Tim#». li> hVli. 1881, p. 
10. 22 ¥eh. p. 8: lllustriiiea L-nJon titww, 
2flFcb. 1S81, r.2U.] G. C. n. 

l7r)5f-18U), i<oi-t cind noreliat. Iiom about 
7u(», wad daui'hler of diriitophoT Smart 
the poet [i{. v.] Iter niolher. Anna Marin 
Caman, wa(i»i^'j>-dniich(er of John Newbury 
tlii> publiahpr. Newberv inrariably showed 
Smnrt the nimott kindnnaa. and, after hia 
denih in tlin Kinflr'a Bcnii-h prtaonon 18 May 
1770, (pive employment |i> the vidow and 
lierlu'o daii|;bteni in ihrulTiceortho * Itnad- 
\ug Mercury,' n'blcb belunf^-d to blm. Tbo 


Le Noir 



f'muta wlUnl al lEcadiu;;, John Ncwbrn,- 
«Uo wcured by hii will prnvuion for Mr*. 
tiiaut : and Iict ilauulilrn, JMn. Lo Noit and 
Xt», Oawslailv, ullimutrly itibi>ril^ llii- 
* Re«idiB^ MifTrury.* lu V7'M KliMbrili 
named a Prvacb i«fQp«, Jean lls|ilifli- Lv 
Xoird* 1* BnMM, clKrv&lii-T of Ihi' roj'il ami 
niliiaiy nrdir of St. I^oui*. ller liuhlxinil 
had arltlnl an a tracbrr iif Frrnch at lb^a<U 
injr. and wmU manTcducDttonal wnrkii.itirli 
■u ' Tha Ijv"f-'™pl"ic«l . . . h'rvudi Siifllinj; 

Bnok,' 17«», Nth wJit. IWKI, and • I'ratiiiiie 
df rOratnir l-'raM(4ii«,' Jtli edil. inm, bmultw 
iuro '(klM Pindanqu*** on eumni Freu«li 
inliiicf. ile dird at lime lIiU od 4 Jan. 
l*iC13. a«(d (Ml ( 0<-nl. .Vny. 1633, pi. i. (k 91). 
Mt*. 1x1 Noir livi'd al a liomw williin lh« 
pnwiiwtB of the Abbt-y of llndinir. «Dd dlrd, 
Ktfnl Ml, at ilm Piwrv, Cat enliam, on U May 

Mni.L«XMrwaa author of : 1. 'Villagu 

Anoal*. a Snne ia DnmMtic Life,' a novel 

in :■ veit. ima. 2. • VillafQ An«cdotM. w 

tka Joortial oi a Year, from Sophia lo Ed- 

irard,' 1801. Thn nriciiTr and publithor 

«ofnplKia of the asthorV handwrtliDg, and 

) snake it the exciiae for the hm^ lial of et^ 

< Tata. A wccnd editioa tiiIW7 u dedicated ' 

' fn Dr. BsnivT, who prainpd the book very 

Ihi^ly. ThtTpiraiia third mlit inn in t8jf. 

,a. • \lrtorii»>i' K\cur«i..n»,' IPOi. 4. ' Onra 

{■Ao Montfinr, a .M'>nl '\'»\e' in tlirc« vnlumH, 

rie06, didiMte.1 loLAdv Charlotte tirevilli^i 

'Sna «dit. IKIO, aoAfi the name of 'Tbi- 

Maid of L' VeaAir.' Dr. Barney criiicisi-d 

the nanuMrrifii rery fiirowaUj, fi. ' Con- | 

vanationa, imerKiMrrMd with P«e(»«, for ib« 

Aaia«en«nlandin«iriuMionofyouth,'3vo]i. i 

1f>13. a • Mii>c«llaneoii* t'orma,' L> rnti. , 

I^S'Vdnlicattd to Vutoonicvf ^Mlmoutli. i 

LiliFllr. Itumcr. Uuy ItoRtvU Mil ford < 

Jy adoiirvd Mr*. L« Xuir'a lalnl and i 

lai alie writes that her 'boohx when 

1 up oae doM Dot cnr« to pnt <t<>wn 

•ilt' (ItftoUtetitiiu ^ a Utrrary IJ/r, t>i. 

}!). Tbe ant«la are int^rmtinK on tpnci- 

■B* of tho (uhioBabla firtinn of ilirir day. 

|6om>>»f ihi- viTw-s noloUr 'Tb^dld (Jok 

■t V^no CWrt'and 'Tho Mi>mmi{ Hymn,' 

WKchatacltriwd in tli«irdBya»'b(!autifuL' 

A danghler uf Mn. Lv NcpiVk liniiband by 

> floraer narriage n<iblif<hed for lliti ncruanl 

ladwa, 'Ijea Promfondi-* dc Vio- 

fWI, api<an>nlly a inrulnlioin of hnr 

" •r'a A ictorin*''"' KxfursioB*,' ' Le 


\UTe.' Sbo dkd at l.ramini;i"n on 


llnbrawlioM rapplMil t'jr Sir. Krwl* ritk I'ow- 

, BrapmcMt of Iha Batding Mercury : As- 

D^ ttMM, zi. 119, lUt Early Dm/ of 

KranMc KurDry.i. l:!T; ABoakwllvrof tbeLul 
C'toturr, by CbHrlM W»Uh ; I>ioI. wf linng 
.^uilioi>i. ISiai Ome. Mag. ISIS. pt. L p. M2, 
>n<l i.|i.0<7-) K. I. 

pnininr, i|ipar>^[ly of S'MherlaDdiah origin, 
wnnbominin.'il.uidinctiMd inI>iiHlonaa 
an cnnmrl-paiDlcr. Ha diedon li Feb. 17IK| 
iichI 77, aiul waa Imricd in St. Itride'*, Fleet 

Less. ItESSABB (llir>!> 172r)), mcxioiint- 
nngT*<'er and drawing-matlvr, m>n of tfau 
abovp, was bom in l^oudun lU ItViU, and n;- 
ci^ivRd inalruclion inanfrwrn his father. He 
woa vmplnjivd at firat to draw for enmverfl, 
but anorwnrda praetiiwd trxtrrnnively a* a 
IDi-iK>linI-<niKT«ver hinuclt llu rn^vcd a 
nuniberof unallbibliralorniTlboIuiiicaloiLU 

^'KU after Vandyck, Von derVBan,:rirri.-t(.'r 
■ely, C. Msratti, (iuido fttni, and othen,aa 
wril a* many ]>orlntiii>, including ilioie of 
Jolin,lordCutt#,CbarIe»,diiki!iof tticluBODd, 
Lady Blary ItndclyflV', .Mother tivorgo m 
Oxford, nitrd 120, and mrioui mi-cnbcr* of 
tile royal fmoily. Hi; enKraved khiip ciirioua 
aieiiulinl pintteof displuvs of lirt'workii given 
on William LH't r<?<iini Vruin his Irish i-om- 
DaigTi on 10 Sept. 1I>00| ou tbt^ ca|itiire of 
S'amiir on 9 Sept, 1606, and nn ili" vcniTal 
peace on 7 July 171.1. Lena nUo drew a 
niunber of topORTiipbii;al ikutchi'i in Indian 
ink, Rvcral of which an- nr«i.-rticd in tho 
print riioni at the Itritiih Miucnro. l.irn«, 
with John Sturl '\\, v.] the rngraver, kc^t a 
drswino-aehool iit St. Paul's Churdiiyaid. 
fn Iti8( thej iMiMd a brmdaidetettingforlh 
tin- ndrantagnofWrninff drawing in every 

rMfriuion. A poeirait oy Lcnii of loaac 
lickerttAlTR w»» i-ntrravi'd by Siutt in 1710. 
Lt-oB dii-d on '2» April 17l'<j, and wa* aUo 
burird in Si. Itridu's, Fli-el Strvot, 

\xs^, BEim.iitD ( IW:!-17-tU), tniniature- 
paioier and dfawinu-nuitiite, aon uf tlie laal- 
nained Ivhia wife MarY Lena, bom in Lon- 
don in 168S, WM« a mndent of th« Amdemv 
of tainting in (imat Queen Stnx^i. l.iiiroln « 
InnFiclda. ML'diitinguiahedbiniM'iripvally 
ui a tniniature-poinli-r in watL-r<oloiuv,and 
ua» teteemed tho best cxponi-ut of tbis art in 
LiA time, Lpub'h miniaturea arv fm^uently 
to be met «'ith in private collect iuiu, but 
the (iniiUrit^ of hia Bignaliire, his iiilliala 
interlncfHl, with tboMOl Sir IVtcr l,ely and 
I Awmice (Traew [q. r.] liaa aaraet imc* canned 
their works ti> be oonfitaed. llopaintnl Krvural 
tniniatuiva of Mor^' (ju>M.-n oi ScoIh, frum a 
well-known originul. One of iht<iti> is in the 
collection i^ the Itnke <if Biivelvuch. A por- 
trait of Sir ThoiniM Tit;|<iiig on borsebacl^ 
drawn by t^nn in 17:^4. i* in tbe print rooaa 
at iheBriliahMuMUiB, He alto niada Mveral 


exftrllect coi-i-^ lii wiii''r-ci>lr>iir iift*r Kube-ns, 
VaDil^rfli. anil nUi->[ (anii>iw Hnic*. l,riuirkii 
■npoiBtpd lioinrr U Ocwga I u>d tieotf^ 1 1 . 
Ila in* aUo drawingt^BHter to tlw Dulw v{ 
CumbfrUml. tbpprincntn Maijand Lotiua, 
Biid lo nt>n>w ^\ tifti^ Mr) of Urfan) [q.T.]. 
yrho pud apcdKl laUimon; to LU excellent 
BMtMd of tMchin^. Leu'iilut«<ag)iidnw- 
iagi at Chrift'* lIoxpiloL Ho dnw tbn ^r- 
tnit of O.Sbidlcjr, wriliiig-iiMMer taC]mBt'« 
Ho*pit«l, wbicb wu cnf^Tcd bj G. Biclt- 
ham. llitKcid«iic«allhutedodint«al*t1ie 
GoUea H<«d. between BndeveU Dndg^Mul 
FleetStteetMid UaclcMkraX^^'xiA'"-" >■>■' 
Cinrxi3raiux,/xMiiliui,iL.'iM. l.«tisGXoeutod 
« llllinber of i^cliiDtr*- inr lading ioibc vicvrn of 
St. Ltonnrd'*, Sbotvditch, nod iioni; «kctclw« 
after Luutvlli. Uedwwfromrliutife.Metwd 
and pablubed oo 30 Uct. I'Sa a tenet oi 
platM in oiuliBM wpraaMitiBg * Tb« Grami- 
diei'B Exorcise of I be Gnnado ■■ kin Maj««ty'* 
fint ItMimimt oS Foat^ttard*, eommatKfed 
byUia Royal U ighncMtbe Unite of Combci^ 
land.' and he dreir and cngrawl lixtr-lwo \ 

flatoa illiutratinc * A New and Compleat ' 
Irawing Book,' wliich wad imt piibli&li0d till ' 
after his death; a prirtniit friiim ja prefixad, 
frutna miniAture by liimbi^lf, nnd cnsratcd bj 
DiNtaRL Minialuroa of Ia-ih and •ureral 
BUrmbem of his famiW am di«crib«l bjr ibeir 
paiHeeaorin 'Nolc« and lJu<-Tii^B.'4lb ser. Tiii. 
^h'i. Anotlior (lortrail, vogmieil by U. ion 
Ouellt, SeUKa with uonraila of I^^ucrTo and 
Cbariea Gcrraa [q. v.J in the title to tlin • (:aia> 
logw'of th*lstt4>r*ii nlctiitr-s. [jpiui <lii.'d ut 
Kiiu|litabri(^on :iO b<'c, 1740. IIr maniFil. 
nl ffray'g Inn Chnwl, on aO No»-. irWt, K«- 
thiTrini' WulhIi.aikI k-l\ ihiveaoiu; Bernard 
■Cudtedarl.bul llirout-htheinterMtofflorace 
Walpolu oliluiueJ a |".«l M cleric in th« ex- 
chequer ofllci.'; I'l'ier I'siil Lnni jiraetiiird ui 
u niiiiinliire-]iiitiil>'ri liit ihlrdiwiii, ].i:X9. Ax- 
DBE1T Bknmmik {JI. 17<ir>-ir701, miniMure- 
pUli(«r,«cUibitod mimnliiivs wilh theluour- 
pOTat«d Society of Art isis from irOTi to IT70. 
In 174-1 h': rv-engrared and publifilieil hi* 
falhor's ' Grnnadiet'e Exercise.' Tbcro an* 
tlirei- drawinB* by bim in the print room at 
tbe Bntisli MiiHHinn, including " Inr^t pof' 
trait of J. CiaiM, d<me in rtd ehalk, (niin 
a porlniit bj T. Oibwn. ilia collMtioo of 
nimiNTiirM by hi> father umlliiinMirwaaaold 
in 1777. 

[Ralj|Tf»«'» Dirt, of Arlistn; Walpole's Anpo- 
dotn of PjiiUing. o(l. Wnrnuni : Hrninlojr'* Cot. 
of Bognrcd Tori. p. sno; VertuaV Ms^ <Brit. 
Mm. Addil.USS. S307>^); Chalan«r Smlih'a 

Kritith Mttiolinto Potlratti: Dodd'i manuMrrpt 
Hut'irj of Knalith Kiiitrnnir* ( Bril. Mm. AildiC. 
M^. 33402]: ProtKTl'a Hi*'. uf Uiaiaium Paint- 
in*,] L.C. 

LENS. JOHN' (li'-'i'WS^Jol, f«rieani-at- 
Uw, K>n of Jnlui Ij^na, a nYlUknown Ibem] 
nii;<^i in Norwich, wa» bom tli«re on 'i Jan. 
I7.'>tl. tin iraa eduoateil firM at a school in 
Norwich, and thm by the Iter. John Pt^a- 
In 177S be nmlrieulaTol at St. John'a C«I- 
1etfe,Catiibrid^ lt<'^ 1779, 
wlienbewaa iMUrthwninKlrr and chancvllcrr's 
wedallMtiaDd M..\.in 1 781'. After leaving 
Oambnd|;«lir entered at hi ncvtu'a Inn, whence 
bewatealled to the burin 1781. Heat firat 
toined ibe Norfolk ctKuil. but aoon tran»> 
fared hiroaelf to the wMiem circnit, which 
ha led for many year*- On 1 S J un« 1 7 W be 
beeane a «eriennt-al-Inw, and in liiOCt kind's 
setjeaat. iria practice iriu cxicnsirv, and 
hii poailion at tbo bar i-minent. lie waa 
nani«lalayfc!lloTrofI>owniDKCuUegein its 
diartei in It^OO, waa IrMaurerof Sarjeanta* 
Inn in ItWS, succeeded S|iencer Pweevnl in 
1 807as counsel totbeuntveniiyof Cambridp^, 
and waa nngagod in ntimRroit* celebrat«) 
cama, of irluefa the chief wctp tbe actiua of 
Charlw I'erkin Wyolt, siirveror.geQeral of 
crown lands in Canada, Dcain9tGe4ieTalOat% 
gonroor of Upper Canada, for libet,ifl ISlft, 
and tbe Cisnbwne Chase boundarioa cbbo in 
the MUM ^r (mo NtciioM, Lilnv/y lUu— 
Imtum*, Ti. S23). Ho lat na commtaaioner 
of awiae at (iuildCard and Miiidslone in 1818. 
He bad born a friend and adhenMit of I'ox, 
was a whJK by conTiction (w« MooBC. ^fr- 
nurirt, iv. 1^), and taught, had he cbosea, 
hare repretenled the nnimreity of Oaubrid|t» 
in parliament. But he was ai indifTrniit lo 
hoDOUM as hi? irrm coinplelfly duinteri-'stiHl. 
In Ufccmber ISlS.on the appointmont of Sir 
ll(ib««t Lhillna to tho bt'iicb of tb«> comnion 
pleas, lie declined the »olici[nr.^neral(ihij> 
; (tee KoMiu.T, Mnaoirt. \\\. 124), iilihoMgb it 
was prvasod upon )iim liythnprimemLnbitornt 
tha i«qucAt of ihf princo mtcent, hi« pcnninal 
fijund. Hii icd^■p^'lld^ncl? at leniftU brcatnc 
prOTerbial. and ibe toual 'Si-ricuul Lenii and 
the iudejieiidcnce of rbe Imr waA (itren at 
public dinn<>r». In 1^17 he retired in>ta hia 
circuit, at ihnhei^htofbt* powers, in order to 
makdway for yonn^ mRn,but continued to 
pracliHti in Loodoii. acting aUo aa conrniia- 
eioncT of aasize on iliv bi'iuu circuit in 1818 
(see CutPSELL. Chlr^ Jutli<r*. iiL 3*6, aS8). 
lie refiiaed the cliiel jii8iice«ihip of Ch<«t«r, 
and l.ord Kllnnboroii^b Krongly reooto- 
mended hiu na hia own anccj'U'iT in Ibe olBcv 
of loml cbief-juatice. He died at Rvde In 
the lalo of ^Vifrbt on (I Aug. It^2r>. l'li> had 
marriiHl \a 181 tl Mis. Nares, widow of John 
NanM.eHi., son of Sir (ler>Tgi> Xarua, a judgi< 
of the common plena. Hi* wif<> predeceoaM 
him on 15 June 18:^0. A portrait of LetiB 
wa« at Sorjconta' Inn. 




[WooliTcli'ii EBiDMtStfJMOU: AiuiaiilBi»- 
mptij. 1834; <!•■>(. Mif-ISSSi B»in'*CfttiiIc«iic 
of PoKniu in SfTJoMtti' lui i 1a« B«ri««, iii. 
2*1 ; Cntidini on Um B»r. b^ Amiciu Curut, 
181V; eawlMt'«Iif*of LcKlAt'iDaor.l 

J. A. n. 

LENTHAIX. ^V1LLIAM (isgi-16ffi!>, 
•pvalwrof ibo llooM of Oonmon*, tecood 
Mil cnT WiUiiin l^ntball of Laek&ud m 
Oxfat^AitP, bv I-'nuicM, dnuitbti^r of Sir 
TlioBiM SotilliwL-U oTSt. Faiib'ti la Norfalli. 
nrar to the ^linrcii ihert, in ibe latlor end 
of June 1591 ' (WooB, Athmtt Oxmt. «d. 
of Herpfoniuiirp, nci)uinxl I^icUmd nmar- 
riagc viih rhc bnircu of the I'j'penla u the 
'Vnntfa crniQry (A.) WiUian Lnilhall 
ttrieulated *t St. Alban Hall, Oxford, on 
2:1 J*ii. ItiUU-T, but left tlw uni^-erNtv with- 
out \t.Viagmit^n«{CLkKtm,Orf'«rdSfsi'*"t 
it. 202). He Ibim entend L<ii«ola'> Iiifl,irui 
etlled to ifae bar in tfll6, bcttma * bonch«r 
IB teas, kiMl WM ciMtod ratdorin ltia8(FoB», 
yjAtiamtrg <^ the JaJge*^ Hugland, p. 403 ; 
iTomx, Alumni Or«n.ia. 90S). Bewtwup- 
L pointed msMtUr of Woodalock.whieti lie re- 
I jmMat4xl in the Uu iMiUanuat of JitnieB I, 
Land becKiiM) mlsa in 1U37 rKordcT of Ulou- 
.' CMter (*t. ; A'antf* of itemttrM nttimtd ta 
ttm in ParUomttU, 1.468). Iy«ntliaU'« pn> 
feMioMl nccMK WBK rofod. In • lftt«r vin> 
MlieatMa of hiawlf li' writni: 'Wb^nlwan 
EflM called la he nH'sW. I think it ia known 
ttfOKiet,! hade plrnliful fort uut) in Imicl am) 
nedj nodCT to a good sum, end if 1 liftd coii- 
\ linucd my way of pnctiee I miglit vnU Iiatc 
).iloubleil mj fortose. ... I nxnivpd b; tlw 
■I yeeri of my prsctiee 9,fi00 poumU bv thm 
ttx'(Nc4ManHQtirritt,\.xtlX^). In 1030 
I bon^ht linucldciftli in Ueikaltiro from the 
[Ttitiptiicis, ami in lOSI paid Lord Falkland 
17,000/. for Itiirfonl Priory (Woon. iii. 808). 
rXenthall rv)n!wnti.-d ^^'ood■ll]ck both in tlie 
^Bhort partiamenr of April 1640 and in the 
kLcns parliaBfteBi. In ihet fini of tli« «,*- 
BHOMiee he wb« oppoiottd one of the com- 
aitie« on ship-tDoncy i.'-'l April), and ncicd 
M ehairawD of llw committee of lb(* whult 
I Ml nievanoM (23 April^, and a^'ain 
I the nouM took into ooasideraiioD the 
[•imiiiMiT nn »aw\y{Gnnmiti>iJiMnuiU, 

. 10, 1S>. Al tl»e opening of the Ijong 

|MrttaaDent on & Nor. 1640 I^^thall was 
nnanimonily olected Fpoaknr. The M^Uclion 
WM no doubt iaSumocd by ihu fa«t that hr 
had occupied tbo ejiair darinit two of the 
noit important dt-bate* of the preriouspnr- 
ltam<-ut. IhouL'h Clon-ndon atlributm it eiw 
tinly to tbtaliwnccof SirTliomriK Gatdin^r, 
wboiB tbe king originally iatendod to duig> 

nalo. lie dp«cribn« Ijeiitball in bii' ■■nrlier 
narratire a* ' a lawyer of f^ood practice and 
Du ill aflectiona, but a very wuak man and 
uoeqnal to such a talk.' In hi* lat«r nam- 
tite III! fidiU tbftt \iv was a mnn 'of a reiy 
narrow and tlmoroui oscurv,' aud thai 'not 
knowing bow to nmerre his awn dignity, 
or to rtetrtia the ftc«nM and exortntanoe of 
oihon, hi> waalmeM coatiibnted i* much to 
the growinft nundiief a* the malice of tlie 
princiiial contrirm' {JleMUoit, iii. 1 n. S, 
ed. Mucnv)- The IJonp partiamoit waa 
tinruly uiii excitable, and tbe epeaker't au- 
thority waa not alwa;^ treated with rtapect. 
bctwnnn Ix'ntliall and Hi-(iIrig*i,aiidiyEwe( 
himndf wat fond of cnrrvcting thn tpeakeron 
point* of order. Ix'Athall iK«nulolur*bucn 
eoay to irritate and caailv aiip«a»ed. On ono 
ooeaeioB a tnembei attaolieu Lvnthnll br i»- 
bukinga&other.declaringt'tbBt hi-hadlrona- 
gTMted Ilia dtity in giving ao diBgruefal a 
Mpeecb to»onobb}ag«ntl<4nan.' Themember 
linnlly mado *a condiltonal opolngy, nitli 
which lUn bnuH' wn* not Miliiilinl, but tho 
arwakiT won.' On 19 Nov. I^ntliall com- 
piBiupd tu tiiL> biiuMt of the unuiual length 
of ibtfir aittbin (Fossteb, dntnd Jtation- 
tlraacf, p. ZiV, ed. l^tiO; Fitt Mrmbtrt, 
p.:^18,ed.l8S0). The4Ucpeiu«»ofliiHpo(ition 
wore aUo u<ry Iwnvy. l-'or thr liret two 
yiNin of Ilia *|)caki!nihip Ixmtball ■ kept a 
public tnblo and every day entertained 
Bvvt-ral mnincBt petnona, aa wvll bvlon^ue 
lo the court aa memben of parliament 
(.Vow™ TnKit. Tii. 108, ed. ScoM). He 
ihoueht for n moment of reaigning, and wrote 
to Sir ICdward Xicholaa on 3 Dec. 1611 
bogging tho king'* leave to do tn. Hia EbuT- 
teen months iq>eakcnJiit>, hn *aid, luul eoex* 
hauatod the laboiua of twenty'livu y**n^ 
that thoutrb he woa willing ' to offer buoMlf 
aud bia untune a eacrillce to the kin^e 
serrice,' lie must crave leave to retire, 'tl^t 
whil«l I have eome ability of body loll E 
may ondcaToiir that without which I cannot 
but cipi^t a rain and put a bedei^ of cx- 
irvroc [lovi-rty upon mv ehildrpii.' 1I<- ao^ 
Kilted, houiTvrr, lo Nifholas, as on nltPt^ 
native, that t lie king should n.-ouuituend him 
to the houte for a gnut of money (,NAt«03r, 
Bi^nnMtQ/HtriiMU,u.7l3,7H}. A month 
lni«T (4 Jan. lOtlf) took place thr king'* at- 
tempt to arrrait the five membcri, Cnarloa 
ontcred tlic boiixe, borrowed the •pi.'akur'a 
chair, and failinc to perceire the aoouaed 
mtonbera uked the apeaker if he saw any of 
them present. Lenuiall fall on his knew 
and r^iedf * Hay it pleiM your Mijeety, I 
hare neither eye* to mo nor tODjgao tospink 
in thia place but as the honae is ptcuvd to 

direct me vhosp servani; I am here ; uid 
kuniblj txtg your Miijmiy'* pardon ibnt 1 
minnl ((iviT nnv olhor nniiwcr tlrni this to 
wli»l Timr Mnji'slr i« pUiiscJ to ilpmniid of 
nie*(ftu»iiwoBTH,'(.W/«^io«<. iv. 478: Veb- 
xst, yott* "f lie Loiiy ParttaTnrnf, p, l-tii ; 
OkSmXEB, Hittoryo/Eiir/lrmit.X.lW). Tii« 
discretion and dignity nf tin tpcRliir'n cnn- 
duct gave ihf parlinmnnl grt-M Hat iif act ion, 
and on April 1612, on lii» piiiiiion n?pre- 
unntitiK ibiit liis 'ilrict atidI<iiieB't<.-udiiiiCL'' 
had ' vrry mucli hurl biw bolli in body mid 
nitiite,' 111' WM vult'd a ^runt of '5,0<X)/. 
( t'uDHrt'jiw' Joamah, ii. 'tii'2 ; Old Partimntn- 
tanf }luloty,\.Vi'). Whenlliopntlinni^nt 
rniW an urniy I^nllinll pri>miHei1 (10 June 
1U13) \o give fifly iKxind* and In mutnlnin 
& bone for il« mtfico ( Notn niid (itierin. 
Jst ser. xii. 358). Parliament rcwiirvlod his 
ocllioroncB by appiinlinK bim lumtL-r (if tbe 
mlln, bul 111; wuB not sworn in (ill '2'1 Nov. 
li)-i:j(^Fw«, p. 101; GiRDiHHR, Orrat Cii-il 
War, I. t<h^. He was also appoinied aiir< of 
the tim e(immit«ioners of tlie KTeat snal, o 
pnil wbirh be hi>ld from OctoW 16^6 to 
Mnivli I1IH (C»Mi-iiBM., Uif of tin Chan- 
trl/ori, iii. IS-17). Wood p»timali-» tlio first 
of llii-n) otticix na worib 3,000/. a yfar,lbe 
second at l/itlO/. ]A-nihall was alwi cham- 
borlain of t.'b'.'StL-r fruiii 1GJ7 lo IBM, and 
obtuinvd in 1047 lli^ cbaiicellonnbip of the 
duchy of Lancaster ( Wiion. iij. BOll. On the 
other bntiil, lit nil l/inlhaH's nsiales lay in 
the king'" miarlirm, his loatca were very con- 
«id<Tnble, Ont.'t<U(«. 1644thoroyali8l»i>pited 
iind iinrrisDtird bin houso nt Rossirl^leiKb, but 
npnny from Abingdon recaptured ll two ilnva 
Inter, and imidi^red it benc^fortb untenHblc 
by breaking down th<- wulls and doorv (Co/. 
NMf l\ip<-i-), Pom, HH4 A. pp. 2ni-&>, 

Iti llt4i tlii'itnny'iiidpnrtiaiiiniilqiiarivIWl. 
On ^ July n inith of prr'tbytiTiiin nppn-n- 
tic*» (urrtiundrd tlii> lionsc, Cnrcpd ih'-ir way 
in, and obligpd llio stirnkLT lo put and the 
roerobLTs lo resolutions regwiiling tbi^ir 
receni vot^s ^Commom' Joumatt, v. '27fyi 
l.CDLow, Memoirn. ed. 101)8. p. 30«)|. After 
itiis the lioiieo adjourned and iIia speaker li>ft 
Ibe chair, but was slopped im tlie lobby by 
tbo mob, obtigvd lo rpassnme hia place, and 
to put a voii.'>fortlii>king*scomingl» Ixind^n. 
Iicnlball complain* olio I bat I be mob did 
'jiutlu, pull, and bale the trpeaki-r all tbe 
way he ht nt down to liis oaroch, and force 
bin') (to avoid tbe violenoe) to betake biiii- 
self 1u iJie ne\l cnrocb 1i» could get into for 
refuge,' lie wn* told that tbora would be n 
far gtvafor gathering nt iho next meeting of 
tbe linnae, nnd tliat after tliey bad maoo it 
vole wbat they pU-uKed tbcy would detitroy 
turn {A iJfciaiyitKin ff Matter II'iV/iWui Lmt- 

Aa//.Oxford.l64T,4to). When the boose met 
again on 30 July tlie apLtiier won misung, 
and Henry I'elluun. member for Clruitluin, 
was cl«cted in liis place (CbmM(Mw'>/b«in«aJ!t, 
V. 'jaO). Lenthall, wbo had Ufl I,ondon on 
S9 July, betook biioself first to Windnnr, and 
tbence to tbe headqnutor* of Sir Tbosnoa 
Fairfax. According to Ludlow it wuebieMT 
by tlieponitMian<^8irAitliDrnesilTig»tliai 
be look this momeatoua decision; acoonliiig 
to UoUMit was contritwd by Oliver St- Jtbn. 
Tbe pTcabyt^rians asserted tbal ihn apenknr 
bad solMnnly denied any inlenlinn of flight, 
and protosiM tliat be would rnlher dio in ihe 
house and cliatr than dnwrt thnm for fear of 
any tumulli. They said tbnt wbat Snallr 
tloeidcd him was the tbreol* of Cromwell and 
(retiin lo prtJipcuie bim for embeuWtnent 
public money (LrsLOW,i,'J07 ; Hott.Bs Ml 
motV*,(lH; TheCntf'ifllielmptackrdtMrdt^ 
Ar,. tnily UnUH. l«4l*.p. S. -flo ; Wai.kkk, 
Ili't-.ri/'/ huti-nnidencu, i. 41, nd. ItBI ). !a 
biK declnrotion l.nnrhntl ipnnks ifilcly of the 
fear of furlbcr mob violencr ; in his di'Bibbed 
confesiion bo explained that bo liad been de- 
ceived by Cromwtrll and In>ton, that be knew 
tbe prMbrterians nould never re^lorv lh» 
king lo hisjuBl rights, and that lliout nu-n 
swore thflv would ( Old Parliamnilary Hi*- 
t'lry, XvL 100, Jisiii, 372 ; cf. f;/ar*r I'aptr*, 
i, fl9). 

l.enthall wm nrr-iirTit at the great review 
of tbe ariOT on lloun«!ow Heatt on S Au^., 
and signed tbe engagement lakeii the n»xl 
day by tboie membersof tlielwo bouse* who 
bad joined Fairfax (KrsliwoinM, vi. TSO-fl). 
On tf Aug. be look bis place onco mom in 
tbe L-hior, nnd on tboSOih iiii ordinannr wa* 
pnHed annulling all voteR during bis nbsenco 
( Vommon/' Journal/, v. 'ifH, 'JW). During 
the revoliilionn of IMS li-mtbHll continued 
to sidr' with ibe armv and the indeiiciidents. 
Tbe royaliBls ucciiBcd bim of trying to relnpd 
tbe jirogress of tlit' Newport Iroaty by fvig 
ing lUnpse.inonier loper»uadotheromino: 
to odjourn for a VfiM {Old ParliamrHfary 
/{iitorj/, xvii. (18; Merruriiu Vragmatieua, 
17-ii4 Ool. KHS*. He made no protest 
against I'ride's l'iirg<?, and, afler ibe army 
cumc to I^ndou, held several conferences 
wilb WbilLdoclic mid Ctvmwel!, which were 
probably connected wiili ibn Iftrt ovcrturwa 
made by tbe army tcaflem lo llio king 
(OnKIiiNSR, (Irmt Cii-il l\'ar, iii. MS). 
I.pntbiill ocriipii'<l tbo rbnir during ibo pro- 
grcM of the ordinance for brinifiuc tbe king 
In trial, but there can be little doubt tbaC 
he performed bis part with reluct mice. 
'Kvcn tbeii," be wir* in lii» confession, "I 
bo|H-d ibe very pnlting llie qu cation would 
have cleared bim, bocauM I buliavcd then 



nU. ll 
nrd A 

•arv y 




werefuni to DixOiTBUUt iE,but tliPvdecviTvd 
nM! abo.' Vkluelen bb liia apolufpus nmj be, 
hb OWB accoiuU of lilt motiTn wliicli \fi 
hint to conlintw ftitliiig ttltt the hiiipV 
daub ia BO doubt correct. 'I mnke tliU 
Ckndid CMifeMion, tb>I ic wiu my mm ba»f- 
tiriw, cowardice. >nil unworth]' Ku to «ub- 
mii niT life Btid «iBi« to tliL' tanny ottbaiv 
men ifutt mimlrTR) the kioKi tbat liurrieil 
nw uD Bgaiiiat my uvn couscivnco to act 
with them; nt then I ibougflit that I might 
<)o MMW gwM, Hid hiniler Mme ill.' 

A» aprakor l.pnlh>ll vu now tli«oratic«lly 
tlut gTii«t«it man in th* Conuttonwrnlth. 
When parliuDcnt and thi' council of *t*te 
yrm entrrtninwl by ibo city, be took tlie 
Ugbcat pUoe, uid waa rtceiveid with quoii- i 
mgti cnumtmf (Ommotu' Jfunalt, vii'M ; I 
CU. Stat* Pipm, Dam. lM9-fiO, p. 174 ; 
liLBtoima,S^iit0siI\iftf*,v.7S^ PncticAlly, 
liowercf, lia bad wry liitlo piwor Twic» 
he n»dn utn of bia tAtiins v»t<^ in faronr of . 
condrmnM roralijiti; in tlir com of llinKurl 
of Norwleb <8 March ItMB) and in lliut of 
Kir William 1>'Avenant (3 July lOiiO; Choi' 
•MMU' Joumatt, vi. 160^ 436). AcMnlinft to 
bia own aoooimt tio wished well to tlie t*,ant ^ 
of Cb«rl«i n an<i wcrMljr «mt liim a>lyice, 
ftud be rlaimii aUr> to Iibto Qfod bix influnnr* 
in ilpfnnm of tbn univnniilirs ((larntdun 
State l^tprr; iii. 713; Old I'arliamenlari/ 
Hutory, \iiii. 372). 

On SO April ltt63 rromwcll riolMitlv 
, dJMOlvinJ the Loof prIiaiiK'ni. Lviilhall 
^nAMed to neUe liis cbnir until he itm 
COMHwUtd. AtOMdinj^Ioononcc^unl.Crom- 
wpII badf Colonel llarriHin fntch bim down, 
■ad Usrriii'Ni pulled him by ibn gfiwn and 
b" pame down {l\i.f2lQiiyiK' Sidney Paper; 
p. I'lU), OthrroiolL'mpnntry BccountJ agTod 
i)ioc hif wa* ln.-at»d niih f,-TVBtn' rrapecl 
(IUktox, CrrMttrllian f>iniy. iii. 209; 
Oi'IXOT, CrvaiKYll and lAr f^Utk Cvinmon- 
trrmltA, i. -493). HarriannV own niroiint 
v»a: ■ I went to thr Spi'nknr and told bim, 
fiir, Mn-inj; tbingB are bn>in[ht to Ibis piwi, it 
b not reaoidilv for tou to utay tlit-ri': br- 
MUnrared he «0«M not come duwn imlrii^ bi? 
was pullml oat ; Sir, Mid I, I will lend ytiu 
my und,ai»d h« piiiiing hit hand into wine 
Oiaw daim wilhi)ut any pullinir. «i> that I 
did Itot pull him ' 1 /V rr/ ana Sptrdf* of tAour 
AnofW tatefy KrreutrJ. ItHII, p. », 8vol. 
AftpT tliit LFOlhnll tot a linw look no pait 
in p>ilitual lif«. He in* not a mnnbcr of 
the council of stale t^tcablitheil In' Ibe officers, 
nor al tbe ' l.iltle parltammt. Rul when 
Cpomwell bncami' proliH^tor and *ummoned 
lib lint pariiaiu^nt, l,.mthall wa« mlurafd 
10 it boitli fnr tiloiicr«t«T city and Oxford 
cotmiy, electing finally to wt for the latter. 

' Mr intmtiona,' hn wroto to the corporation 
of uloucailer, ' Were not bent to «o public 
an CTnployment, having Wmi tbc)r«U((lily 
we&ried hr whut I bave alivadv underf;one ' 
(Hi't. .tfS*. (Wni. I2tb Rep. ii. BCW; 
Ci/miiivnn' Journal*, \\i. 3f*l). Wbwi thu 
parliament mot he wm tinanimQUsIy voted 
lo the chair, * in rm[«rd of bia ^'at rx- 
perienoe and knowledge of tlw order of that 
Iioute and dexterity iii ilie guidanco of it ' 
((!*. Tii. 306: BrBToy. lHary. i. u). Afti-r 
ila diMoIutiou Lenlhall.aa one of the keepers 
of the great seal.caiue into collision wiili the 
protector. In August IflM Cromw-ll hmi 
lacuiyl an nrdinnnce for rogulaiinauid lirait- 
inff Ihe juriadiction of tbn court <H chancery. 
4)u 'i^ Ajiri) l*^>fi the tbroocommiarioneraof 
ibe u-al were nummoned before the council 
and couiniandrd to proceed aM>ordinK to tliat 
ordinance. They dr^w up h ftumuiary of 
lbeirol:gection« to it and tinallv (I May) a 

C'nt l«lwrefa»ingobe"li<inco. Iliit Lentliall 
fori) the Irttnr waa actually m-M waa 
sworn in aa one of the aix maalnr* of tbo 
cliancerv Biipoitittfd unilrrr the Ordinance, and 
lbu<it.'h be )iad protected 'thai he would be 
haii^-d SI Ihe Hull^ g'ate before li# would 
ex'.'cni^ it,' now ■ wheeled bIkiuI' and suli- 
mitliil. Tb«i other two. Wiililrington and 
Wbileloeke, prr»i«Ied and Wen- tunw^ out 
(\\lim:l.oi:aK, .1/onoria/*, ed-lSM, iv. IWJ- 

l^nlbnll wiLS Bituin returned for Oxford 
rotiuty to till- jiarKament of lIS&ll, hut waa 
nol aj^in elected speaker. lie »puketeivral 
timiia in anppori of the giivernnienl, waa a 
memb<<r of x\\c\ rommilloe appointed to ex- 
plain the n-ninns whirb movnd parliament 
to offer Cromwell the crown, ana deliveml 
two apeei^buH urging bim to accept it, ' Hia 
argument,' aayt Ludlow, ' waj very parlia- 
mentary and rational, bad it Wen rightly 
npplied' {Old I'artiamrnlary Ilufory, xxi. 
73, nl; 1.1DI.OW, ,VrHnoi>«,p,!itK). b-mbalJ 
■na* not ono of the penonf originatlT sum- 
tnoned lo (lyomwi-U'ii Ilou»e of Ixirde, and 
wus 'very much diMurbed' iberenl. ' Il« 
cumpluined ibnC he wbo bad been fur some 
yurstbu Jirsl man of tb«nBti>3U, wai^ now 
drnied to be a member of eithi-r houitu of 
jinrliampnt ; for )■<> was incapable of billing 
in llie lloub> of Common* by bts place aa 
maitcr of thu roll*, vrbereby bo wm obliged 
lo nil ai QMistnnt In the other houa*,' Crom- 
well hearing; of bin coint>laint acnt him a 
writ, at wbicb be was much elerated, blink- 
ing that himself and his hejn would he for 
ever peers of Koglaiid (i4. p. W)6). 

On Iho fall of Ricbanl Crmtwell tb« 
oRicer* di-termined to rrTnll the Long pat^ 
liament, and aome members of the parlia> 




input, with a deputatioa from ibe ooiincil of 
the unuy. <;aine to LontlwU (6 May 16.10) 
to p«raiwd« bim to Toturn tn hi^ sirnt. lie 
befftn to miJca «icusr!, * pleading; !ii> iL|;<r, 
>icKncw,and inabiliij' lo sit long,' nnd ul- 
leniiiH lliut \x<- vfoi not fullv MlisGe j lli«t tli* 
deatU i>( tilt* lalu king hHiTiiol: I>ut ivn end to 
tlut par)iHiii<riil. But nocorduig to I.uillorr 
his real roason was that be wm not wiHips 
to lo»e bU peersfco, mid wu in Infpin with 
Riclinrd Cromwell to prnvMit tbc parliu- 
mcnt's reslorntion. Tbcy told Iiitti llial if 
., he would not issue his euninions to the 
J memberi?, tliey would do no n'illiout bicii, 
and ttiu« pre8Bi<d hi? con«(-nti-d lo hood the 
fortJHwo niwnbBM who Inok tli^ir pltic« (it 
Weetmiiuter on 7 May 16^9 (Lrui.ow, pp. 
048-60; Qmmm^ JoumaU, Tii. <5U i En^;- 
lan^t Cmjiftuion, 4to, 1659, p. 10). 

In tho rc^slored Long nnrliamunt tli« 
Kpenlier'e pnsitjon was jrrBntly incroBsed in 
■litrniiy. ()n t) Jun« lliu Uouhq voted thnt 
' nil mililary unil naval cominisiioas aliould 
)ju di;,'iii;il by Tbe spvuliur iu the name of lltp 
coniiiKiiin'fulih of llie parliAinniit of En^r- 
Innd,' in«lf ii"! of by the commnndpr-in-chii-f. 
In piirsiiiiiirfi of Ibin voli- tlii' oilicirs of the 
twoii^rvirps rec'ivcd new cominiiHcina. ppr- 
nonnlly ili'lirercd to llicm by Ijtnllmll in tiie 
pruBunco of the hciuw {Cammvitt' Juunialt, 
vii. (173, 87-1, 07l>). Auewffr<>at«eiilwsaiiMd« 
ami dulivurad to Leuthall « custody n» knnpor 
(M Mavllill commiiuioners should Iw ■i|>- 
poinied'(;A. vii. (IM, TS-S). On 13 Oct. 1059 
J.ivmhpri and certain rngimont* of tbo nrmy 
pliiRpd giiiinlf round \Vi!ntminator, kept out 
thc! mnmbrfj who tried to enter, and ttopped 
tbu Kpi-alii^rV cimrli at the l^tti of I'alrLce 
Yard. Liuul..'mint-coIcJu(.'lDucbenli''ldBftI(>'d 
him wliitlii^r b- was poirig. 'To iiprl'orm my 
duly ai tin- b(iuw',' nriHwcredLvathall; tlipii 
turning V' x\\t: >r>1i!i><'r' hn damuided if tbey 
. knew wlinl I hoy did. Ihnt he wiut iV-irgpnt- 
rnl, and ripppiiiii lo be? (ibrvfd bv Ihi>ui. 
fioaie of tbow iiiuivrffd ' that lUev tnew uo 
»uch lhiii)(: ibui if hf had la&rcLed beforyi 
them oviT W'urfinclon-bridge they Bliould 
hai-o kiii-iwn him" (Lmiow^. 758; Cahtb, 
Oriyinil J.rtttr»,tv.^VG). Tlioy oven triM 
to coniov hiin to FlMtwood'a quartfr* nt 
'^'allinKloM llouM,uidoiiextoryrej>ri:Hi'iiti 
Lomlicrt an tahinn the muci- from him {ib.) 
On 21 Mrc. I(!60 a nun- revolution look 

£laf». Tlte Holdii-r» in London omeubliid in 
lincolu'i Inn Fields nnil rpwlved to nxtore 
tlie parliament. ' After tliis tb>>y marnhcd 
in good order down Chancery Lnnn ; at t hn 
Speaker'e door they mndi- a Bland. . , . Ui« 
li^rdithip cun* down to th«m in hi* uonvn lo 
tbu t^iii in tite (trci!!. whi-rr ■tanJiug tho 
oQicunt u thoy poned with the foteea nude 


»peoche8 lo him . . . siL'iiifying ihuir li«ai 
Korrow for llie grunt defection in lhi« la 
interruption, with iKeir absolute purpoBe of 
n (aia adhi.-r«nro f^r the fiiturt-; t&e lika 
was done by lln' noldioni in iheir coUB- 
Icnancusand Bfcbimulioniln llio Spi-nkcr m 
they poiwd, ciwuitip tiira in word* ulwj m 
their gentirul and liie father of thrir coun- 
try.' Lenthall ihun iMued orders lo tbo 
Mldier*, gave them lh<> word for tlie night, 
t«ok poMOfwion of the Towi.>t and appointed 
GomaiiiKtonGrii for itx goTcmraent, and »>- 
turned in triumph by tnivhlight to the Rolls 
Ifouee iMerrvriutl'oUticiif, '12-\} Hit. Hltjlt). 
I The narliament met again on 'M Dec. and 
j tUantwd tJie nwaker (au Dec. ) ■ for hi* very 
' good service done for tlie common wealth.* 
I Then; rovolutions opened Leiitball's eyes 
j to the poMibiliiy of n restoration, and h* 
I liegan at once to pn>pnr( for it. The r<']uili- 
I licuEi party sixight to imnom on all membi-ra 
I of parliament im oath abjuring tb<' botiie of 
Sliiurt (C'ommoB*' Juumal*. vii. KOISI. Ae- 
cording to Munck, Lvntboll ' TBry violentlr 
opjKioed, and in a grmt measiuw prevented, 
the onth' ( Ilur. MSS. Ciiirnn. 7th Rep. p. 
I2£; Old I'arli/iairHtant tICirmy.xx'iW.S'Tt. 
I'or tun duv» he nbm-uted blmBi'lf from ih* 
I hiiiiBL- on the plea of gout, in order, an waa ( , 
DUpposed, lo uvoid rnponsibiliiy for lb« Ab> \ , 
juration Bill i Crjinnv/nt' Jovitmlt, vii. 811, 
843 ; rniCB, Mi/iteiy and AfetAotl tf IS* 
Majfttif'* Hf*toiiiiitm, ed. MaseTM, p. 7:18). 
Wbiai Monck cnme to l^idon, Leoithall 
gave him ibanlis in Ihn name of the parlin- 
menl, making 'an elo<|U(nit oration agiveabto 
to his own great prudence nod the authoritv 
of that suprr-ini> auerobly' (.VrrrunW /"o^ 
/I'-ux, G Feb. lUtlO). It is pOMible that tn^foru 
this be bad been in M>ct«t oommMnicntion 
with Monck: Iieneeforth he certainly acted 
in ai^i-ament wiih hini. Tho npubUeSn 
party pjuaed an act for lillinc up the parlia' 
meut by olecling n<'W mpiubrm, and onWed 
the spcoker to sign a warrant aulhoriiing 
the commiuionera of the seal to n-nd out 
writs according to ciutom <^0 Feb.) Thia 
he positively refused todo,Vii)jmitiinghim- 
seli to thoir pleasure, if tliey should think 
fit In send hiui to tli« ToWOT, or to choose 
imolh^r prrsou to ba *pcak«r in his plB4:o ' 
(I.LULOW, p. tslii; I'EPYS, 20 Feb. llWO; 
iti't. M»S. O-mm. 7tb Itep. p. 122). Thrry 
paMed over his ci|>]iu«itioD, eni]iOweKd lliu 
clerk tosig)! the warrant, and allowed liim 
to kpnp hit pliice. Tht> iieit day Monck re- 
stored thn wcliidi'd miimliRrs, and the Bfr 
stonition wni. made rnrlain. It bcoiuno 
simjily It nuetiion of ibo terra* on which it 
should laKir place, and finding, ai be *aid, 
* that the king would be rmunl for wont of 




good advicsi' lieniball i^st iImi kinR a papc? 
ofiiUtractMas(SdManili). liutoad of ttvul- 
iag with tbfl pTw)>jt«riui«, Iw ur^td Charkit 
to autko pTOfNMkli mch na tbo pifople irunld 
KCOMt, ' but would tukve ibem [iti>ceed Troia 
th* Idng M ■ bus .Ki of grace, wbich ha 
cUen to eouBm to ihem bj a Am pulin* 
■Mnt, k^lj ecniTmed bv • speool eommic 
nion, whifli ttto king muit cmpowpr to Luu<; 
out wriu ill Ikif Qnmo,' nnd proceeded to (UK- 

S*t thfrtiatun) of thp»c)>rn)iuit4]a ftitormrftui 
«/» iWM.iii. 711-11, 7:K)). Guintdv- 
dcribM Lontbairs coimiwla m ieniajk«bl<> 
fiff tbuir impartiality and fsiugiiledntu 
(AVAant OmnnW/, iu 191). 

Wben tli« Convention parlinm^nt irii> 
sumuMMid, Lootboll boctcas* candidntv fur 
tb« reprewntatioo of the uninrHty of Ux< 
tori, but iufpitcof liroptowinR letlun from 
Monok hi! WM not tlccted (Wood, Lf/e, rd. 
ITurk, i. 311 ! Kexxett, J/<y«l»/CT-, jm, 100, 
111, 112). Nor.ihovgk be wnt 8fiO0t. to 
liiiLTirs 11 U Brmk, could be miec«ed in r«- 
uiaing hid office of niut^^r of thn roll* 
(LCDI.OW, tii. tft). Tho Ilounn of CnnuDon* 
M indudo LoDtlinll amung thu twenty ppt^ 
MOM to be esceptod frocn (he oci of indem- 
nity (orvmtdliet not exT«iidtii^ lo life. Itut 
Hondi drww up a strong eeniflc»t« in lii* 
&TOW, Matinguis wrvtcM in forwiinlin)( rlio 
Heatoration, and the Eurt of Norwich alxo 
exerted his inflnoiK* for Lenthall. The 
IIvnM of I.>onl» accordingly moderated the 
peiulty, and munly incntiacitaiL'd iiim from 
any office of truM in tlie thrM> kingdoms 
(Old J'ariiamenlarv Uutwf. xxtl. ^7, 403 i 
Jlitt. ilSS rumi>i.'7th lU-^ f. ^22). lliit. 
fwgelful of his fAmotiR wnriU to OhnrIr< 1. 
be dbRncMl bini^i'lf by nppcnriiij: al ihi- 
trial of the Nficidoa a* a wilaoH afraintt 
Tbomaa Soot, for word* tpokcD in Uie Huiue 
of Coumona dunoc hia tenure of tbe chair 

iSUIe Triali, V. 1003 ; I.roLoir, iii. Ott). 
'or the Tvt-t of hi» lif»" he lived in rrtiro* 
meat >t BurfoH. lie died on » S^pt. 16aL', 
and «a* attmdcd in lui lut momMiu by 
Italpli ttrid*o«k*[q.v.], then vicar of ^Vit• 
ner. !■> whom hooonlcMcd bin pi-nilonce for 
ki« political cnreiT (Leiithul!'» ' Confvuion ' 
wan 1ir>t prinlfd iii n li^tlFrio iko Singdmn'* 
Imt*aiifa*rrr,»-UfSfft.le&i; it i« Kprinleit 
In tbe OM JUrr/ioin^n/oiy /Tufory, xxiii. ilT 1, 
aod in the .Vrvoirt of lift Iko iMtl Vfnr* 
tfflAe Uriyn ''/ Gtarlrt /., 1703, nnd incor- 
poralrd in Att^Tur Onmitiuet, iii.OW). In 
bis will lui directed that hetkould be buried . 
' wllhont any pomp or slate, acknowled^iu)* I 
myneU to be anworlby of the leiMt out wanl 
rfiivd ill this wotM, and naworlliy <>r any 
rcoDcmbraflce tbtt baib keen to great a 

■inn«<r. Aiid I do farther charge and de«iro 
that no monument bo made liir mo, but at 
tbi! iituinil a plain atouf, n-iih thi* miper^ 
■criptJnD only, " Vcnois Suai " ' ( Willi fian 
Dociort Orawienr, Camden Socioly, It^, n. 
111). Lenlball wbabuiied'inB little oisW 
on the north side of Burford Cbunh.' ' Aa 
vet,' wroto WoodinlttOli'behatlinomonu- 
nient, nor M mach •sauooeoTerbiagTare' 
(Alhtntr OrrawMM, UL e06). 

A portrait of LcnttuU in bin robo* as 
spL'nkrr in in the National Portrait (iallory. 
A nMuiber of engraved portrait* arc con- 
tained in tli<j illustrated oo^ of ClanfnJon, 
known as the Sutherland Claiendon, iu the 
Itndlniiui Librwy. 

l.«nlhnll was capable of behaving with 
ili|inity nn<l coumgo in critical mom^'ntt, 
and ■') lun^ ni dcportmnnl wajt tuflicienl bo 
uiudc mi eiicellcnt ijieukcr. But when cir- 
cumMunoes thrust on him tbe port of u 
ttateMiiau, be had not aulBcient mreugth of 
eharncler to sustain it with credit. Contem- 

and avltlinfi a family that he minded not iho 
leaat good ibal inif(ht accrue lo his I'rincc' 
Itumour, however, i;n>utlyrxBgh'i*i''il I'd Lvnt- 
linirs gains ad &peuki'r ( Old i'arlianentary 
tti*lory, xxiii. 370; Soinrrr Tradt, vii. 
10-t). llo is said to have added to them by 
rncciviuj^ faribm for bia parliameniAry in- 
flumcR, iind Lady Vcmoy gare ML to bU 
»id(er-in-lun- iu uop<; of obtaining bii sup- 
port to a petition (OiBOlyBB. Grrat Cii-it 
War, iii. 3lT). Sir John I^utholl. the eor- 
ritpt and exiorliuiiate keegier of tbr Iviug's 
Bench pri»iin, wns rwpiiled to have loo great 
nirthright, ItSM, p. 2tt; but »co CtmmMM' 
JovmaU, iv. :i74). Tbo evidonoo is icarody 
BulUcienily concluiivo to prove that the 
speaker himself wad corrupt. 

l-enlhall married Elixalielh, daughter of 
Ambrose Evans of LuilJiu^ion, Nunbamp- 
tonahir^ who died in Ajinl ir.02 (Tvrxer, 
yiiitationmf Oifardfhirr, p. ^18). His only 
aon, Siu John- Li:xtuai.i, (^lfii.*-5- 1*181), ma- 
tnculuiL-datOarpiMChristi Oollegiiv Oxford) 
l^Srpt. lS40,ontn«d Lincoln'* Inn the Mine 
j-ear, aud was elected roi-mlwr for (ilourmiijr 
tn I&4ii(FosTER,yI/inn7ii'Ui'0ninur/,iii.tX)'Jl. 
He vras Knighted by Cromwell on U MareK 
l&'>7-«,Hndb}-CbarIe«lI ISMorthltiT'^LB 
K i:i K, JWifrre* </ All t^Afj*. p. 8:24 ; Af rrrwri'iM 
i'QiilKm, 4-11 Mnrrh \i\w:). On 18 Jan. 
lUGfi-OU, bo waa made colonal of a r^moDt 
of foot and Rovemor of Windaar (OommoM' 
Jmmtil*. 111. 8U), lA-niholl was rvtiimod 
lo the Convention parliament for Abingdon, 




but es[teIl(iJ from llie !ioii>^ i>ii 1:; Mny iflttO 
(ih. viii. 24), In 1672 howns high sh'-riff of 
OxfonUhiro, and died nt Hesselfkijth on 
11 Nov. IftSI. Wood terms liim 'the grand 
brn^iidocio und liiir of the Bgt- he UvhU in ' 
{AtAcitt, iii. im). 

[Authoritira cllod nbor<r; lire* of trfinlhikU 
are iiimn in WimiI'h Allnioie Oa'iniBii-nf. ■■il. 
ItliiB.arid Foti'iJud^of Knfitnnd, ISTU; Wood 

fivet 11 lilt o( oftlclid Ullem nnd ipcwhci of 
<«<n<liHU'tit>riiiti>il 111 Ilio tttni-; tuiri'n ndilroiol 
to bim ua ^piMikcr Brr< i>Dn<niiipd in llig Ti>nii«r 
MSa. in Ihoiioillcinn Lilmiry. and id iho Rcrorta 
<if (lie Hii-liiricil MSS. ('nmiiiiM.ion on Ihfi MSfl. 
cf I)ip Itounit of I^ril*. iiiid on Ills l><ili4 "f J'orl- 
InQd'iMSS.) C. H. F. 

court, uoec uml Bii8^r«niiiiulist,wn» nrohnh1_v 
rplfttci! Ill ihp l^ntons of Nolley Abln'y in 
itiickinghitmihiro (seu J.II'boohd, i. '2'.iR: 
"Wiioii, I-'a.iti, ii. 4). Ua in said to liavr 
•tuilied nl Lincoln's Inn (though liin niirai! is 
not in FusIit'? maiiiinoriiil re^'isTt'roradinia- 
BioiiH), and was h I'ri'ijtieiilor of tlie Flei'ce 
Tavern in Cocerit Ofipden, where Iii* inline 
furninhi^d Sir Asion Coiinj-iHi [q. v.], Sir An- 
drew Knyvoton, Tom l.i^liTwriod, nnd ol.hvr 
linliitiifti with mnti^rliil* for tillj nnnKrnmii 
(llnili'woiid'n mnnincTipt nott's in Jai'OBs, 
J'Oflkai Jif'/inlrr, 17L'0). In an ppi^fmin 
<No. GJl 'On Mr. Fninois Lenton rvl'iiBiriK 
wlnH,' Coliftj-iK', 10 i'HH)liii*i»t' th']i ili«(rfa<^P 
of guch a (>fO(:«ifdint;. obsorvp" tliftr'Frnnln-' 
was the 'Ijiieeni't I'oi't, nnd n ninn of nninn' 
{Small Formt, 1B.JH, p. 1631, Tlic title of 
* queen's pCKtt * nns nn Imnotiuy dislinrlion, 
to which in ull imihabilitv ntithtT diitien nor 
Molnrv wi;rv alluch<.'d. nltunii);h Sir William 
D'Avi-nant once lielJ it, ami 8umuel Danit^l 
ia Mid furuierly to have been an iineiici'i**- 
fiil com{<etilnr for tho pn>t (I.anoiimmi). 
Lenlnn clnims tho diitinclion on the lith> 
pigwof rarailof hi* wor)i». 'ITirflrnl ofihrmj 
WM tntitlrtl 'Tlicr Vounf( llullnnls Whirli- 
ttitni- '»' Youth'n t{>.'alti.-9. Dt^inonGlratin;: 
the inordinati.' nAi.>L'li<.ms,ab«iird actions, and 
profima i-xpi^iihea of iinbridb-d itnd nllei'tated 
youth, with their OKlravnjiiinl couraen nnd 
prepwteroiia pro^'Mi^na nnd aversions, 
t0g»tliw with tliR too nnrii di'urv bought 
MCpsriraco nnd tliprnreortooUti'ri'KTrviir,n 
nna rpckmntinn of tnont of ihinn IVitn tliiir 
habitual i11(.-naloniannduniiualili>.'i| hiihiiiit-.' 
London, 11120, The author In're ^irus a 
roaliaiiv pori rural of the proinv** of a roVe, 
wlio begins by necloclinK ' I.itthiton' for 
' Don Qnix Zol.t.'niid '('oWn (tcpurtu ' for 
'fencing, dsnnrinjt, nnd jonin other «pciri»,' 
ontl «nd» by pxprrifncinK ' Miwrv,' the irnc 
' mlvp to ciircn houfthly mind.' "ll nppi-ar!<,' 
«y< Btydgui, 'to bu'f»iih:'uUy toucUed,' 

whiL'h niny atone for tlie fei'bli.'npu of thi- 
verge. In 1(531 appeared his nrxt prinlMl 
work, ' Chsracleri^nii, or lemon's l.eiuunN>. 
Hmri'tsnd in ICniayeg and Uhnwcler*, never 
bflorr wriltm on. Ijondon, for Ilomr 
Miehdl.' Dcdicntpd toOliror.lofd St.John, 
bnron of Hli-tsoi? (Vnt. of JUalfnte'i Book* in 
JIatltrian, ji. 22). Then- art i>i;vltii1 reprintu 
of Ibid wi<rk nith siijiblly altered title*, A 
second edilioit, under ihe title 'Cliaraeter«,<M 
Wit and ilie World in tlwir proper coloun 
pmiiKnind collie Queen'* moKtKicetl«<nt M»- 
jritio," nnpiinrml in IMS (Itrit. TiUv.) A frw 
of Ihr clinmPtpr»,»ucbiii'lb« rrridiirnll,''on 
laDoa It I'ourt ffpnth'tnon,' nnd 'a (fi-niU-man 
ualicr.' of whicli lA-nl.on inny be siipptjBi.'d Iii 
hitve bad the most intimate expcnciK-i-, ap- 
proach in eicellencelboseofUverbury. Three 
yeiirs loler appeorod 'The Iniie* of Court 
AnnicrninmatisI, or thi' MnnqniTtmnsitiied in 
Kpiuriiinni''". t-omponcd by rrnnria l^-nioo, 
Hpot., one of her Majpstiti'ii Poi-ts. I^ndon 
for Williom Lnnln?.' This is of apeclnl inte- 
rest, vincu it indicolija tho names of ihoM 
who look paK in Shirley's masque the 
'Trinmph of Pe«co' as plnveJ Ijefore tlw 
kinii and (tneen at WhitxhnU in lii!U. It 
i* dndicatvd to the ' Form ]lonoiimbli< So- 
rinlioi and fuoou* Nimeries of Luvr, 1'bu 
InncB of C'livrt,' and is prefacnl hv commen- 
dntiiry verses by John Coysh (IIkbgu, p, 
IT')), His next wurk wu'Oront Itritaini* 
Iteuiiiion.or the Female Olory; fpitomised tu 
I'.n com i list ick Annrrsmmi and Acrnrtickw, 
iipnn the hijrhlv honoiinvl nnmfi of the 
(juerncs Matt (imciona Mnjcatic nnd thx 
Rnlliint l.ndv Mmquers in her Gnwi-'s (rlori- 
oils Urnnd-^nmiuu. Fn-ji-nled (it White- 
Hall on IShrove Tupsdny at Nifflit, by ihe 
Ijui-ene's Mnjeslle and hiT ladiet. Frameil 
and formwl ty tlio humble jien of F. L., tli« 
(Jiief nw'o I'oei. London, for .lamM Tlockirt,' 
lli-tK, 4lo (Mai.oni:; IIaxuit, Itandhook, 

p. :(3,-i). 

Di'sidi-s ihese bonks, nil of which an» very 
rnre, lhuii<rh their ecsreity hiis bt'i-n enL]f- 
derated, I^-iilun left in munnierint 'Qu«cn 
Ester's Haliliiinhs and Haman'g Mndrigall*, 
e.\preMed and illustrated in a Socred Poeme; 
with thn irnUFlalion of the t4,1ri] Paaloi, 
wherrin David eiirselb the ICnemyes of tlio 
mil- Ciinrpb. Compoju-d by Km. Lenton, 
^vnl.. the (Jiii^-ni^'i' Poi-'t,' 1037, 4to. Urdi- 
L'ated to Sir .Anthony and Liidy Captv, and 
probably in Lenton's autof^'raph ( Iluth IaIip. 
{'lit. iii. 838). Two man uteri pis, Minilar in 
mnctn'BpeclsIothiit in the llnllil.ihrary(ona 
rriiitnining ihi> antngT'opti of Italph Thomiby, 
ihi- antiqiinrv), were sold amona the Corser 
rollpetion. Twn o(hKr*.«lii[htlv variant, are 
i!uscribed in Hulitt's 'Coil«otions' (1807- 




1870), f. S&ii, TiMre in kUo ■ huuII dmou- 

■eript mlloMMB of poema b;F l-vol"*! in ibo 

Ihiio of BvcdeHB*! Library *t Iliilk<^icli. 

Fiiu eouM • d^dicatorr wUlreu lo ICdwrnn), 

lutd Moaiapi. baran ot Ilouglitno. Tboo fuU 

knrponuioii'ChriMiBi* Dnv,''St. Slepbuna 

Dav; till- ■ tufant'i MunbW,' aail tiiiallv 

'Upon TDttrUonour'iiBleaaini^' Thcc»U«> 

tion, wWb ii bound up with a 'TrMliM oB 

OutUKry ' and ' A Ikik? of 1 bu Ollloe of Iha 

OnJynaiiM for a F«ild« or Campo,' biw liitlu 

Mwtical m^it (ualeeoBnaaintcit bv A. H. 

lhill#n. nxi) l^rntonV Uit produclion niu 

'Tbe lluw« I Iblitratkin, rspn-iBMl in Ana- 

imiBBiM^ Acruslicks, and an Hnroiiib-<lick 

GmttUation i«dcctinf[*^ ''■*> Nnai>.-. Ili^im', 

r jUKlDiKnii7iiewlvC(KD&in.-d by Kiiiji: rhartii 

tkuluu/. UBClieBaao4inb1e,Nobly Mtiiili'd, 

fAfl»bl»,aiid IngtuuauaS'JtBirf^iorK'bnuti', 

IXiukIk bikI Baromrtl,' 1041, 4i(i. Tbc ori- 

lj;iiuu BunuKript of ihia work, which iraa 

nmrvr oriiilod, *»» Kild at Sollit-by'* 1 Jiuit 

\t*h4,^o.\^Hll\ZUTt, Chllectioiu aitd yitlf*. 

[Snl acr. |>. IW). Kinibaiilt suppcwHl tlisi Eli« 
■ poet was idviitical witli n'Frand* Irt'iilnnof 
Iwncoln's [tin, (■vol.,' wbo di«i) on 1'J May 
I(M:!(nbitiiiiry maauKtipt at Stanton linll, 
, ]>ic<iU<TiJiic«), but it !■ dilHi^ulU if ncii im- 
■ibln, to nxxincilc tliii dala iritli itn- fact 
t aoaic Tcrwu nnicd t'ra. Lenton aud ad- 
[iilrfi L J loKicliardLoTeUoe,'an biavxi^uisiifl 
' Fmou,* am preBx«d to the fitat edition of 


OlclM«>p(iak>ofI.enton and biairnrki with 

I {miliar rootinnpi, aod hintflimnloii ratbur 
conliriurd by ihn iinbi.'cility nf nuor of the 
■ aiu(rmiiL' Bf7d««,lii>weTvr,tAk«ia mure 
lRiii*4ilMi-«iif bia'tDfteoKNUiwrticiiluTitiuv.' 
[BfTdBM* BotJiatt, iL U, Hi. Aug : Btiii>h 
Bi Wograplwr. ii. &S8 : IVcn of Jam** L p. Ai i 
italo*'* ADtnl<4«>, *i. SD.I i Warton'a Fji|ltth 

[I'uUry. aJ. Uaalilt. iii. 318; NolMand4JiM<rias 

^ddli. MSS. 34JBT aail SSOS. t. 103 tlloa*"* 
Cltonu Valnni); Sril. Slua. Cat.] T. .S. 

LENTON. JOHN ( * lBi*2-l-lR).mu»i- 

eian, wmn •nora g^imtri-Rtati of lh« Cliapvl 

^So^l rllninnlinarv nn 10 Nov. lf>S'i t UlM- 

' S*rLC>. He iilayra the rioLn and Uulv.aiid 

««• ■ nenh-r of t he roval band (rum ICOi lo 

1718 (.^.y/i* .VsiiViif >.' 

LaoIOM irroi«: I. Tbe ibuuc to 'V«nic« 
Praoncd,' lOnJ, »OBi<! maRUMript parta of ; 
wkidi am in ib^ library of ibn Itoj-nl Coltrfio 
of Moair. i. Soup' in lYVrti^j'* third col- 
Irction, I(K»-V .I Catcbr* in ' Apollu'a naii- 

Iiirt,* pi. i., lUtiS, I. "Tbe G«itl«miiirB 
livRHHiB, ot the \'tolin Kxpkinei).* 10U4. 
&, (In i.-oiijiiDi.'iHiD iriihThomMToUvtVA 
Cunaort or>lancinThti(wl>art«; ICm. Thi« 
1 1« pr^bnlily ibe work deichbtd by Wnlther 

■a tiiatrumHiita) trim by Li-nion or Lonthon, 
publiilied ill Holland. 6. Airv in iLe tra- 

Eody 'The A inbiiimieSi«piuo( her .'published 
yWaUhinl.dl. 7. *Tb« rwrulItiMrue- 
tor f<3T tbo Violin,' branf( a aiwonil edition ot 
'Thu UMitlcnun'iilKToniion.'n'lifa an appen- 
dix and ibi' ain omittn), 170*.'. Cht^iire 
nod act lunp» to the folli'wing plnra: 8, 'Ta- 
inerknp,' I'Oi; H. 'Fair Pvnitrot,' 1703j 
la 'Liberty AsMened,' 1701 1 II. 'Abn. 

snnt Muncn! Companion,' 1720. H. Trio, 
'Awake, fair V.niui' tJ^rttm MS. 2013). 

(lti.TkiD>'t Hilt. <irMatiii,il. 770: Kimbault^ 
olil Oi(siui--!HKik t-r iLii Ciupri ItojaU paatim ; 
tJhnml>'rl4ynv's Aniclin' Nolitia, ItilCi-lilS; 
Wcoi's muniueript Lirea; Gerbir'i M«tl«« Ton- 
knniilor-Laiikijii, pt. liL ; llunk'* OlIaIojm; 
\Viilsll*> Hiimionta Anclimnn ; I'baiC Boy. ITOl ; 
MS. 40al.r. 1,^7.] L. M. X. 

LEOFRIC (Lat. LEmicn), RjiitL or 
Mebtia (<f. lOu"), v.-aa win of Lnjfwinv, 
■Mildoriunn of th<! Hir!MBs( Worccttrrihitv), 
anil brother of Nnrthnian, sluiu by Cuuia 
nrd»re in 10)7. Ilia father, prubaljiy aftor 
tlio lUalb of Kadric or Kdric »ti«uDa'[q. v.] 
in 1017, brcnmi! mrl of Mrtcia. Leofric 
witncw«« I'hBrti'r* an ' iiiinist<>r' or thi>en, 
pwbapalVont 100ij(Keiibu:. CW'j-, No.7l4), 
or parlier, to 10*^ in irhii-L ycnr hi- i* al^o 
dewribed aa' dux '(fi. Xoe. '■li', 743), though 
tli«i i-liarler is urobablv tpurioun (A'onnan 
CViHfKAri, L 411 N.) "Ftorracti (an. lOti) 
Ray* that on Northmnn'A di'iiili Cnut made 
Ijiolrie earl in his (trod, and ihnt h^ nln-aya 
rtganted liim n-irh olli-ctinn. In tli«fac» of 
thJolatordtw-'riptionsof ].;rofricaii thcgfn.ili* 
fint Hlttt^inciil is hard lo accept, and it lia» 
Wen augge*ti<<l that the paswiri! contninn a 
confutiion bi'tveen Loofric and liii falbor 
lj«ofvrin0 (rA. D.a.) LtofVic mar havu re 
cvivcd aome ifarrrampnt, pprha[H that of 
Choklm', beforv held by Northman, and ho 
cvTtninlv lind a oriitit from Cniii of Ilamp- 
Iim, ^^'<t^c«Met•lut«, fartocrly frrani^ by 
Eiheltvd to Nortlunan (comp.'KKJiau:, Not^ 
eSi and 038). By 1082 Leo&U wu au rarl, 
and as LeofWine doM not appear a* a wit- 
nM« to chartera aA«r 1034, it may fairly b» 
aMiuDotl that at aonw date brtivHiii iu:>4 
nnil lUI'J lrf-')fric luccoodw] hi* father in iho 
iirldotn uf MrTt'ia, which was at tlint liiao 
<if loH extent than the ancient kintrdom, 
for purtlona hod been cut off to fona infcdor 
earldonu, and thou);h LeO&ie'a auperioritv 
vaa no doiiht recognJMMl by oUim earle, hia 
iniBRdint* nilo probably did not for manv 
yt»n aAcr lii! had tvceivud hia father'a earf- 


^^1 (lorn (txli-nd beyond Chi'shire, Stftfforcl^liiri", 
^H Shmpiltin.'. and llie North Wt'Iali bunJur 

^H {\orman C'onfMtt, U. 657-61 ; Qkeeit, (.'uii- 

^^^ ^iifil <if Eiiijiand, p. 408). Y«<t hi> voa {him 
^^1 eeued of immfniso powtT in miijrll^ Engltim!, 
^^r &nd mnlnid wit.ti Goin-ini' and Hiwun! as 
W niip of thn ihroo great cikIb nmong whom 

L Xh<: ffoviinimpiil of tho kingdom wns di- 

^K vidud. (^lifAtirr won thv licad of liie ear)- 

^^B dooi.und nnduubl ihv plnc^wliL-ru lu'cliir'Ily 
^^ lu^ded. Biid lit wuB itji^feforo 0ouii-time« dv- 

I acribod lu Eurl of C^Mtijr (Kbmdlg, No. 

^ 039). 

^H T)ie rifle tri pnn-nr of Oodwino nnd hii 

^^ )iOU*i> WM oviUenllygrinvoiu to Iionfrie, nnd 

tbJB fooling miut hnvio drnpenctd a* i;ovi.'rn- 
moatii wcr« lioapod on mcmbura of Uo jwine'n 
fnmily until they h^muisd the Mercian I'url 
in ou t'vi'ry side excr<pt the north. Wliils, 
howuvet, he wns conMnnil y oppiwoil tn Ciod- 
wiiiu, hi) atwnyitdRprncntnl vtoldnt mi-iuiiire", 
andplavodlhtipnrt ofn mcdintor, 'which wns 
dictatou Co liim hv t\\p geographical pnnition 
of hit cnrldom ' {Norman Conquent, iL 40). 
On the dL'alh of Cnul, in 10!5p>, he uplield 
th(! claim of Uimld at anwetingof the wituii 
at Oxford, and waa the meana of briiigitig 
th« diaput« to nn end by liis proposal, wliicli 

iraa adopted in spiio of Clodwina'a oppa«i- 
tJOQt tJut Th« Icingdnm nhoiild bn divided 
[mo nadoF Qonvtix imd llnmi.u IJ. In 
1041 Ilorlhnenutc sunt him with Uodwinc, 
8iwud, nnd otiier j{ceiit inim to punish Ihe 
pOopU of ^^''o^cetlt('^ uod lh« neighbourhood 
for a revolt [sm und«r HAitDECiNiriB]. On 
the accesaionof Kdward tlioOi»ife«eor[q.v.] 
he was again emplnynd in coniiiiiiMion 'vi'ilh 
tho two other jtrent oarU, Iwinjf ordcrivl to 
despoil the hing's mothi-r, ICmnin [q. v.], of 
linr treasure, ni 101", and perhnus uRuin in 
1048, hu suocewfully oppotoa in the wiletiu- 
ffsmot Godwine'e tiropoaal tliat help should 
be tent to Swendof Denmark. It i» nni- 
bable tliat he profit^'d by the doo.lino of uoil- 
vine'a inllueiice at ernirt,nnd that Ihe death 
of Beorn [ij. v,], in 1040, lod to n Infffo in- 
erCMe in hi» p'>wcr; for it mii»t bav« been 
nt that linip that Lxncolniihirf, I^ieeslLT- 
Kliirv. iind pL-rhnp« Bome other difllricts over 
which Reorn bud bevu eurl were rouiiitpd tn 
tbis M-.'n-iiui earldom (fft, p. -'ilJll. In IIWI 
Leofric rociii^ pJ a miiinioii* from tlie king to 
foinr to his V'lp ; for Hpidwinp and biji *nn» 
hnd iJtk^n up arm*, lln mnrchc^d with a 
Kmill fiirvn to (ilouci;»ti?r, wbcre Edward 
waa, but whirn ho and the Other earin who 
worn on thi) king*! aide aaw bow mitit-rB 
ntood, they aunt meuensers thruuj^h their 
Qorldonu to raise all their forces. Wur 
aoeined iinniinent, when LeofVIc interposed, 
declaring that it would be folly for Engli«h- 




men to fight with ott« another, and c» lay 
iLeir land Open to the attack of a foreign 
•L'lieiny j for tlie chlefuU men in thu country 
w.'ro in the twi' armies. He advised, there- 
fore, that bi>tU »idw should give hostageB.and 
should keep ihi- iieace, and that the quarrel 
sliould bi> docidod nt n fiitiiri' meeting of the 
nilnn. His ndviNWox followed. Tlut th* 
Iianisbment of Uodwine and his iiiin* implied 
nil inOTHSSe of Leofrif's powc-r \» fividont 
from the mut of Hurold'B uarldom of But 
AngliatoXeofric'sson.-Elfgarfq. v.] When, 
on tba return of Godwine, the foreifu offi- 
cials wero exwtllod, two Nonanna, Usbem, 
the mn of Richard, builder of Kicbonl's 
coitlc, IIer<;fordghire, and bis ally, Ilugb, 
Bum-ndert'd to Lcofric.nn prcbnbly the •upi'- 
rior of Rulpb, curl of the Klnf(eia-Ias, and 
Leofric granted th«m a guard to take them 
«nfe to Spolliind. If^ oa la aiippoaed (Fbbb> 
man), OddiL held the earldom of the HwteaHh 
ho was also no doubt mora or lens eiibonll- 
nate toLipofricfcomp. KnM]ii.K,Xo«. 7A6«iiil 
80o), ond by onn mc^oni or nnotlier rhn Mor- 
ciuu earldom bud by Ihia timo Ui-cn gr-atly 
extended {Conqtiett iff /•^nfj/and, p. lilitt). 
The amerlion whieb, according to Willi&m 
of Poitiers (p. 1301, wa» tuHdu by Duku 
William, that I^ofrir, with the two other 
Rpnat enrls, advised Kdwnril to declare tl>e 
diikc! heir to tbn thmiin in n meeting of ih« 
wilan, and confirmed the decree by onth, ia 
eertaiidv nntniu (A'ormftn V^niaral, iii. 678- 
IJSI), The predominance of Enrl JIarold 

isee HlBOLI) 11] iu the affairs of slate after 
Oi^3 mufit have been galling to Leofric, and 
waa relented by .Hifgar. Leofric eridontly 
r<imnined loynl diirina; his son'* revolt, and 
in IOCS joined Ilnrold in making peaica Iw- 
tween tile king nnd Unifi'vd. lln di«d to 
his buuBe at Itrnmli^y, .StoAbrdahin?, on 
31 Au)r. 1067, at a good oUl age, and wa« 
buried in the uiinatL-r, which he nnd bis wife 
hod built, at Coveut^. By hi? wife Gud^ifb 
— tho fiodiva [q. V.J of legend — Ue had, as 
far ns is known, only one son, .^Ifgar, llw 
notion that Hervward ^q. v.] was Itia ton 
being i-rroneouii. I^ofrie woa tMnporate in 
counsel, patriotic, and religious (hia reputa- 
tion for piety iB illmlrated in tlie legendary 
life of the Oonfeiuior, Jiiifn nf Ktuvird tie 
CV'^/rwor, p. 4Ul): he waa bountiful toeoote- 
liastical foundations, and in common with 
his wife apppar* ' to have taken a special in- 
te^■st in The buildings nnd nrnamente of tho 
hoiiseB which be fovoured' (.Vorimrn CW* 
7ii«r, ii. k'i'). Hi> cbantcler iilone ia aufB- 
cient to prove the nbiurdily of the part a^ 
signed to him in the legend of which hta 
wife ia made the heroine. Al Coventry hft 
and hia wife built the church and iuouut«i 





MomI W !>t, M*r«, richly endowed il. 

(in il MMif valuable i(itt*, and procumt 

ibl it ihiMud b* «i«a)pt finiii (mtcopal 

eniral (il««M<fioca, tti. 177. 191; Kexbu, 

9*. aaO; 6>*cff« JTmnn. o. Ml > ; nt Clieat«r 

llnmikimd S(. Werbonrk'* ( .UoniwfkNW, 

k-.tTO; FmKt:^c«, an. KV'>7): Kmhasi n> 

r*ii-^ a pranl nt Ilnmplon i M/fiKuticoi, 

■ KKitnLe,N(i.B3^)j nt Wi-nloclc they 

. .! (ii^ cburrh fonndixl by SI. Milbiir^ 

^JU•'ltllt^•.^M, V. 7:!; Fi/ihcm's and 0«»(a 

J^Bm.iLi t; and Worcrslvr.I^loB'inUnde- 

arr, and Lwiminstrr tlii^v t'nrieh«d with 

f'h» I «'">a./;{w>. i. won ; EiBM BLB, No, 7U0 ; 

Fweman'i Sonnnii OjiijUci*, rolt. L nad iL 
, Iti. «7T. eSl, IT. W9 i tirMn'>OMiqii>M.t of 
Ml, [•P.4ST, ISO, im. S14i Anftln-SMiun 
n. awi. lOK. 1013. 1018. 10S3, loie, 1067 
(Rolb Srt.): Flor. Wilt. ■""- 1017, 1030, lOSl. 
llU7(E«gl. Ilxi. Sur.): K<mbl«'« CoI«i Dipt. 
rata, iii. au it. uju : William of UnlmMlmr;'* 
OtatU S*e*m. pp. 21*. S«'J, 3ti8 (Rdla Set.), 
OmU F<MUr. f. au9 f Roll! 8«r.) ; Dn^dal*'* Mu> 
■MieMi. 0.*.; LirMof Gdvnrd tti* Conrnaor, 
H. IW.2ia.S£1.4Dl(Roll«Si)r.):WUL<-fl'oi- 
tbn. ap. S3. RdwaOoit. Ullltliui Cooq. p. 129. 
«& OiIm: *M«baKailiirri.MitT*.] W. II. 

LEOPBIO (Ut. LEFMors) (d. 107S), 
feat biabMi of Eipivr, probably, as tnay M 
Mtbervd JniB Lu nime, on EnglUbman bj 
dMent, ihougb. aa be is cslM 'linlish' 
^LOBiscK, an. 1016), pwhap* a nativi> of 
Owtiwall, wat brooght U]i and M^red hi* 
laamina in Lolborin^a. 11" bnMran one of 
tlw dcnu or ebspUiiw of Kdwnrd tlie Oon- 
f(M0r[q.T.1,aii>lwaatli«first luboileiiipLaied 
■a cbaneelMr (.■%.) On tho d^alb of Bishop 
Lirlng N LyBng [q. v.], in lOtO, he was ap- 
pomuc to saooeM liico in ih*- uitit«<l dio- 
CMM of IXirntialiiM and Omwnll, (ha wat 
of tbabuhvpric beitUtatOpdilnn. I-'indin|t 
Ua dioccae in a bacaward iilntr. for it had 
oftan hwn plundered bj pirntrt, hr liaiiei il 
diliprntty, prvacbed la (h« people, toMmcted 
the cU^nzv. and built Miveral GBUTobo. Ills 
Iifi» was iWurmiH, and he was »alou8 in ibe 
diaduugfl of all bit dulin. Hit forcifrn edn- 
ortion irava him (be ideas of a continontal 
ehUTGhsian, and coade him an ncclraiaatieal 
raformar. Ila vai diHatiifiixl at bavbg hi.-i 
■ee placed in a rilU^v like Credttoa, and 
wiiIimI to have it n.-mov<Kl to Exeter. At 
Cnditonhiachnrch was liatito lubeetlaclied 
bj pintM; at Ex«icr thi-rv wi^re forlifl«a- 
Itoos. Aceardinglr. lie «eat hi» diaplain, 
I^nbart, to Pop«*1.«a IX u-itb a Icttar, 
btgfU^ Icaw to novo hU *»■>, nnd a«kinfc 
lbpop« to reqiMUt Eilwnrd to uDrlion tlie 
dwofa. Lmi wrM« to Ibu kint; e.xpivMinf; 
}at nupriae that tha Engli^ bubupa abould 

not bare ■■acL bi« *no ptiu:i>d in a dty, and, - 
deferring tbc general ^uoAtion. diracCM biat 
tooanyoui Lvofric'i wuh. Kdwud oboyod, 
vent to Exeter in 1060, and, in the pruieDoo 
of the earls and Kreat men of the kingdom, tlia 
kiiig took the Dishup by the right arm, and 
th« quoan [am Edith or BiDorrii, rf. 107S] 
taking him bjr the left arm, tbey ioinod in in- 
stalling him m Iiie nev opincopal aeat in tli4 
minatcr of Ht. IVi«r nt hsplpr. Lro&ic ex- 
pelled the moukB(Wiu.i*u or. M.tuir.siiiinT, 
is eridenll}' a miniake) fivm tha cUurch,and 

Cut canond in iheir placu. Thc^e new eanons, 
owfrrer, warn not i<^ live like tlie Englisli 
cnnoni; h* placml th«'m umler the rule of 
(^brodeftimg of Mnl» (for thl" ni!o «w SirnM, 
lie iHrrntiiKt Cnitit. l*ref. pp. il Riq.), which 

had bwa faniiliur to him in Lnthnringia, 
compelling them to u»a a tomni'in dormitory 
and a conii&on table, lie found bis new 
cliurcb mietmbly poor, despoiled of neariy 
nil iia Undf, ila books, anu its ornaments. 
For »omc time hn mipjiorled the canons out 
nf bin nwn mcnna while he was rwivtrrin^ 
the lands of which the church had biwn 
n>bl>ed. Among ihcae waa Topabnm, which 
Uarold [seeUiROLDirj unjustlv took away, 
and which ibcbi^huji was not able torvcover, 
lip nl«o bestowed otiier lauds on the cbitrch, 
chiiflty wiibin the diocese, together with 
flatni>tmi in Oxfonlahire. Certain of tbeaa 
Innili In." approjirintcd to the sapport of tlM 
canoiu, and bis grant was coiuirmnd by a 
cbHrti.T friiiu the ConqueTar in 1068. fla 
aUo gav^ tuuoy veetmenu and omomcnta to 
till- dinrcli. Mid a library of nearly nutty 
volnnim, Iweuiy-eighl of ihem being in 
Engliah. One of Ihtee, 'a ^reat Eiij,-li»h 
book of dircrs thing), written in verse,' may 
lie identified with the collriction otyMtiy 
known aa tbe 'Liber Exonionsi*.' The on- 
f^inal maaiuoriiit is alill pmcnvd in tho 
libnuT of the Jean and chapter of l-j;eter, 
and taere is a facsimile copy in the BritJali 
Uiueiim. FVom this work Thorpe loijt hts 
' Cod«x ExonieaHs,' published by the Society 
of Anliquarica is I»43. * Le^c'e HiaiaJ,' 
which be gave to but cbutch, is in tbe Bod- 
leian Librniy, MS. S79. It contuni) iHMdea 
liturgical matter, iccoids of manumiaMona 
and an account of the translation of tlu 
MM. leofric died on 10 Feb. 107:i, and waa 
bnriad in the crj'pt of his chun^h, probably 
under St. Jamea'e Chapel, tliu v*«uy of tho 
prieata-Ticant, to ihn »o«ib of tlie fhoir 
(Uutkb). The fabnc roll containo an entry 
under 1419 for an intcription to him (*4.), 
and in 15(18 a monuanTil wan eivcled lo liim 
in tbu south tower, which waa Miered to 
stand upon the phtoe of bia burial. 




[oil ver** Live) ofBiehc'p; of Eieter.pp. S.IO; 
I'reemiin'i Xonnna CanquoiC. ii. S3, B(, 0)9. iv. 
168. 3TS; E»B(M, pp. 30-i [Illitorie Town. 
St.): tlrron'a CoDqui<i>L iif Koglund. pp, 6iA 
AtO: Wriicht's Biog. Lit. i. Z»; lUdilan nuJ 
Siubhi'a Council* Mtd EeeL Dqm. I. 690~A; 
Iiajt'lnlu'tMi'iuutienn, l!.fiU,S96,S3l; Ksnibi*'* 
Codra Dipl. jr. Ko. 040 (EngL lliaC, Soc.): 
Anglo-Sjimm Chroa. ann. 1 016. lOiO ; Plor. Wig. 
nn. t016(Rng1. Hilt. Sac.); William of MhIom^ 
bur/,(l«uPunliff,pi20l(Roll.S«r.)] W.H. 

LEOFRIC OF ItuCBNU (/. IlOni is sniJ 
to hnTe writlen a iife of Huivwnrd j^j. v.] in 
Engtinb. TiiL- 90I1' Quihuriiy for this siiite- 
m«iit is the anon villous writer of t be * (Jr^ta 
Hurewardi,' vi'1k)-l> work Ua tI«iii(!ofl<.';,i.-iiJs 
Bill] romaiioutei>ii»tnicio<l in orilvriu magnify 
Llii^naui4oriii«hur». Ili«foandoiif.coc»K,-iji|. 
of lUe 'Tnrlukry of I'islnrborouKli jVI)l)i!y, 
■which now bRlougBtuIVliTboroiiBlil'iiUiiNlra! 
Lihrury, and wus poui|jili-'cl in tlii; end of the 
thirti'iMitli and b^piuiini; of lliu fuiirl<M.-iilb 
c«nlurii--s. Tbt- wrilcr of IIih ' Oeata ' alalia 
tliBi liu tfiithtireil fncU from men who wure 
liviu(i; in )lt*riiwnril» tiaifl, iind if ihU were 
80 he muat h>iv« livnl in thu fir>' half of 
tlio Iwi'lfl.h riaitiiri". Tim ICnghih worli 
of Ijoofrie l!ic? dtucoo, llcn^wnrd'i ohnpliiin 
(prcwbytcrl ot Boiirne (Hrun), win bi« eliiof 
source, nnd Iil- Biiy< lA-ufria win fond of col- 
ncU of ^AnU anit wiirrior^ out of the fnbluH of 
llie ancients, or from fuiihl'iil rennrt, iind of 
com mitt injc these to writinff. Ln>fric wa» 
oiin of Hcrewnrd's obosun folloneni, unil, iiU 
thoiigb a monk, be* wua ^UiIIikI in ana*. llc> in 
mniBEd for hi* usluteuL'MiuoarryinsDiit apian 
tiirtbi? rulea^V of lli^rowiirtl whvu on his way 
from Bedford to Itockiiighuin iu tlit? fuxiody 
of Robart de Ilorepol. 

The acciOunt of Unri'word'ii rnnjir given in 
lh>> ' (tMta ' reiwiublcii rul.U»r tbnc of tlio 
pteado-Ingulph tUnn that of the ' l.ibor 
AliouU'Cef. t RBEMAK, A'onn. Cuny. iv. 4iiS, 
And note U U). 

[Ga'ainr'n Lretorip •!»• Ivnglw. i>\, Hnrily and 
M*rtin (Ro1U9.:r.>. IS88. i. 3i9; (!«t.iUrrp- 
wUi> pp- 313. ii'i, 402: Me art. IIituxivAitn.] 

LEOFWINE (rf. lOfW), a yaunffiT and 
probnbly Lbi.- lifth son of Eurl UodwinL'Tii. v.] 
■md bi» wiTl', U> Lhu, is t]L-M.Tiln^d ng ' iiJbi1i» 
in 1019 (Kkuti'lc, (.Wrj- lUyl. iv. No, "i*"), 
Kndlibout that dat«,or norhiip*i->irlii<r, ni^ti'd 
iw governor of K«nt (1%. No. ti'lH, dntvd by 
tiiedeathof Arcbbiihop K[ul>iiri!in lU'iii, und 
Booording to Xurman Cun^urtl. ii. <i'j", by 
th-'diKLlhof (lodwini'.bishopof Roi-Ue^lor, iu 
UMl\ but l)xe latter dale Beouis lini-vrlniii). 
Lcofwinew>s not, howtfver.eari, and tio doubt 
KOted as governor under W fatlwfs direction ; 

f<>r he must tlien have been quile ft voiith. 
On lliHUiiltuwryofhii family in lUol,hclled 
wilh his tirotbt-r Harold [we ILiROLD II] to 

ln>land, look part in IIiiroid'sruidon,Soiu«r- 
Rni in thi! next year, and thnr<>d iii bis ruth«r*a 
ri^atomtion. In )0S7,tbnd>ln of a nMktTang«- 
meut (if farldoaiit, he pmluibly Iwcnmo earl 
of llif whole country oviT which it is cc^rlain 
ihut he aflL-rwurdi ruled, llin Kovnmninnt 
exlcniit-d over KenI, Surrvv, Eshvx. Middle- 
si>\ (wiih llie exception of London and »a 
much ne pi'rliiin-Hl in ii 1, HtTlfordsbirc, and 
probiibly Ituckinghamiliiro 1 Kkhdle, OnU.r 
Dipl. iv. Nns. KilJ, RiS. KliO, HIH), ihongli 
ibe udminislmlion sci'nu to wimi" nxli'nt to 
ba<-u but-n under tbi> coolrol of llarald (iS. 
Xos. ^-^l, E't't, H'lU). He appears to ham 
accMm|inii>ed Maroid, then kinj;. lo ihebatlls 
of Sraiiiforil nridKi? (XTiimn Cvnquttt , \IL 
.inin.) Al the battle of Hssling:N on UOcC, 
ICHI6,hi^took his plncoliwd^tlMi king und«v ! 
the itiindard. anil full (iiiblin^ at ihn barrw 
cmle ill front of the ICnglisb position alma«t 
al the same moment ui wliich bis brvit^ar 
Gyrlh [^. v.] was slain, Hii death la repnr- ' 
sentcd lu tba Bayeiu lapt^^Iry. ^ 

lI're^msn'B Xomifin Cooqooit. ii. 80, 113, 318 J 
■<)<{-, lie, 607. iii 3'tI,4Ht. iv. 31,7oS, givMoll | 
Hull is kuowii of LDofvTiiir 1 Oroi-u'a ConqncM 
of ICnictnnil, p. 31^: KemUle* Colei Dipt. IT. 
Nob. ;H7. »iS. SIO. Hi*. »M, 9A9. 890, S84 
(Engl. IIi*l, Sic,); Aiiiilci-Hkinii CItrvn. ann. 
10 J I, 10,52. loafl; Klur. Win, i. 309. 227 (Engl. 
Hint, Suhl); Vr'ilUuRi of I4iilni«bury'« GesI* 
Ito^um. p, 24.'k (R,.!!. Sur.); Vila .Vxl»<ir>li. L 
A2S il.iv' of Kilivar,! tliit roiiranHir, p, 401, 
ltnll«Ser.),whcrvLcof«-ino la errunooualy written 
Leofric; Ordwit, p, fiOl ( DupUfsoo); Oiwir, 
Oitimnr. t1. a2lia, 6311 (Muii, UiX. llrjt, pp. 
837. 828).] W. H. 

LEOMINSTER, Lnnn (-t ITll), oon- 

noiweur. [So« l'i;iiuoii, Wiu.iiX.] 

LEONI, CUACOMO (I68fi-1"<6), nrelii- 

leL't, wus a \*eneliiin, and lielJ llm piat of 
arcllitecl 1(1 ihe elector paluline. HesuttJod 
in Euntluud n< I lie beh>iimini;of tbeei|;blecaUi 
century, having prubii til vbt'enbroiiglitoverbj' 
lEiclinrd Boyle, cnrl of ltiirliiiKioii,toa8BiBt in 
ih-'pnbliciitionofl'allndio'^ ' Arcliiiectnre'ia 
Knglisb. Thn pbiluB fir ihr- work wore pr«- 

fiariKi afrvJh by l^i-oni. The book nm pub- 
luliod, London, I7li>, I'^l.l'Llii: 1b<i Hague, 
ITlJO (in Froiichl ; London. 17i2. Leont 
tniiiBlated into Bn^linb Alberti's ' I)u re 
.Kdificaloriu,' and ixiblishei] it with C, Bar- 
toli's Italiiiti trnti^lntioii. and iilales of bis 
own designs, It. uppan'^l ii''lhe .\rchiteo- 
lurpof Loon Ilultiata .Mbi^rtJ.'iicin [.ondoD 
in 1726, l'3U.I7r>l, I'-'iS ( the lost edition » 
in Kngliibonly). Th« book* on puinting dud 





Btatuar; were separately publUhed {EnKliah 
and Italian) in 1741, with many of the plates 
drawn by Leoni. His firet wort was Bram- 
ham ParK, near Leeds in Yorkshire, built for 
Lord Bingley, 1710, partly destroyed by fire 
in 1865. Moor Park, Hertfordghire, 1720, 
Leoni'a greatest work, was built at great 
expense, on the site of the original brick 
mansion by Wren, for B. H. Styles, esq.; the 
wing« with the chapel were taken down be- 
tween 1769 and 1799. In 1721 he designed 
Queeasberry House in Old Burlington Street 
for the Duke of Queensberry and Dover (re- 
built in 1790-2); in 1725 Latham House, 
Lancashire, for Sir Thomas Booth 1 in 1723- 
1732 the south front of Lyme Hall, Chesliire, 
for Peter Legh, esq., with alterations in the 
existing building; in 1730 Bold Hall, Lanca- 
shire, Sir Peter Bold, esq. ; in 1732 Clandon 
Park, Surrey, for the Earl of Onslow; in 
1740 Burton or Bodecton Park, Sussex, for 
B. Biddulph, esq. ; and Moulsham Park, 
Essex, for Bcujamm, earl Fitl- Walter, which 
waademoiishedaboutlSlO. LeonidiedSJune 
1746, aged 60, and was buried in Old St. 
Pancras churchyard. He left a widow, Maiy, 
and two sons, John Philip and Joseph. lie 
made no will, and appears to have died in 
poor circumstances. 

[Redgrave's Diet, of .irtisls : Diet, of Archi- 
tcetore; Wnlpole's Anecdotes (Wo "oum and Dal- 
laway),pp. 767-8; Lysons's Environs, iii. 3fiS,for 
iDvcriptioa on l^eoni's tomb ; Laogley's LoadoQ 
Prices. 17-18, p. li. For descriptiona and plans 
of buildings nienlioned, SBe Allen'n York, iii. 
313; Neali-'s ShiIs, ii. V. 2ad ser. i.; Repository 
ofArt»,1825p.l27, 1828 p. 126; Wright's Esaei, 
i.ST; Dallaway and Cartwright's Western Sussex. 
ii. 283: Aikin's Manchester, pp. 316, 4*0; Camp- 
lien's Vitravina Britannicus (Woolfe), ii. 81-2 
(and Gandon). iv.30-1, 94-8, v. 50-5; Brayley's 
Surrey, ii. 60. iv.68 ; Whentlsj's PicciJilly,p. 74; 
Morris's S«atii, r. 53; Morant's Elt^ex, ii. 3; 
TwycroBs'g Mansions, iii. 16-20. 27, r. 92-8; 
Balph's CriUcal KevHewof Buildings, pp. 104-5; 
Admin. Act Book, June 1746.) B. F. 

ALBERT, DnKB or Albany (18.53-18ai), 
fourth and youngest son of Queen Vic- 
toria and the prince consort, was born at 
Buckingham Palace on 7 April 1853. So 
delicate was his health that his baptism was 
deferred until the enstun^ 28 June (Coro- 
nation day), when the rite waa performed 
at Buckingham Palace, his sponsors being 
George V, king of Hanover (after whom he 
was named George), Prince Ernest of Hohen- 
loho-Langenbura, hia elder sister the Prin- 
cess of Prussia (afterwards Empresa of Ger- 
many), and the Princess Ubtt of Cambridge, 
now Ducheaa of Teck. llie prince was 

TOL. HXin. 

' named Leopold after his great-uncle, Leo- 
j pold II, king of the Belgians, Albert after 
1 his flither, and Duncan in compliment to 
, Scotland. His ill-health debarred him from 
I the ordinary sports of boyhood, and BTen 

{recluded a ayatematic course of education, 
lis mind, however, wafl active, he early 

' evinced a love of books— Shakespeare and 
Sir Walter Scott were his iavourit« authors 

I — and he showed remarkable aptitude for 
music and modem languages. He was in- 

I structed in the rudimenta of religion and 
science by Canon Duckworth, Dean Stanley, 

j and Professor TyndalL Later on his principal 
tutor was Mr. (now Sir) Bobert Hawthorn 

' Collins, afterwards comptroller of his house- 
hold, with whom he went into residence at 

' Oxford in 1872, matriculating at .Christ 
Church (27 Nov.) He Uved at Wykeham 

' House, St. Giles's, near the parka ; attended, 

! in the garb of a gentleman-commoner, the 
lectures of the professors of history, poetry, 
music, fine art, and political economy, and 
studied science at the museum and modern 
languages at the Taylorian Institution. 

On coming of age in 1874 the prince was 
awom of the privy council, and granted an 
annuity of 15,000/. In the winter of 1874-5 
his life was threatened by a severe attack of 
typhus fever. In 1876 he left the nniversity 
with the honoraiy degree of D.C.L., and 
established himself at Boyton House, Wilt- 
shire, whence he removed in 1879 to Clare- 
mont. Part of the intervening years he 
spent in travel ia France, Germany, Switzer- 
land, and Italy, and in 1880 he niade a tour 
in Canada and the United States. In 1678 
lie was electedpresidentofthelioyal Society 
of Literature, and in 1879 vice-president of 
the Society of Arts. He was a graceful and 
effective public speaker, and took a lively 
interest in social questions. In 1879 he 
spoke in favour of the movement for uni- 
versity extension (Mansion House, 19 Feb.), 
advocated the cause of technical education 
in presiding at the prize distribution at the 
took the chair and spoke at a meeting at 
Grosvenor House in support of the Bayal 

[ Institution in aid of the Deaf and Dumb 

! (16 May), and opened Firth College, Shef- 

: field (20 Oct,) In 1880 he laid the founda- 
tion-stone of the Oxford High School 
(14 April). In 1881 he presided at the first 
meeting of the Kyrle Society (27 Jan.), 
opened University College, Nottingham 
(30 June), advocated the establishment of a 
national conservatoire of music at a soir6e 
at Manchester (12 Dec,), and laid thefounda- 
tion-etone of the Princess Helena College at 
Ealing (17 Dec.) 



Le Ouesne 

Mi-onwliik' tlie prince' lin'l lji>F.n cntnt«(l 
(ai May 1881) Duk* of Albnnv, Knri of 
Olureitet-, and Dnron Arklow, ftnrl lind tjikm 
hia sent in tha Moiih! of LonJa <L'^ June). 
H«»pffnt tIic?f(illo«iii|!niLiiimii»t Fmnkfort, 
wlwra ho miulv llii.- u,ct|vioiiilnui><.- of I'rmci'u 
Helen FnHl>:riciiAui,'iL?t[i,i]iiitj)itL'roriI.S.i[. 
Gcon« Viciof, prino of Wdlcitick-I'ymioiit, 
to wnom (itip (iiiewn hnvinii uivon lier coii- 
*enl,29Xoy. ) Iip wiis itmrrio'l in St. tSi'orjjo'B 
CIup«l, Wind»i>r, on 1>7 April \m->. llin 
nllowsnCQ wiu now riUH^d Ui 1^5,000^., pro- 
vuion bain^ nlio made for a joinluiv for tbc 
priBCCM of >J,0(.K)f. iti tlicuTimt of Iwr iridow- 
iiood. Tliv jinucfl and priuot^M rwidud at 
Olaremoui.iliH prinei-, g^ilarn^ hi* Lo&lth per- 
mitted, coiiliniiin^liisexunions in the cniiso 
of educHtion, ilioiigh bi* public nppnarnncc* 
VtSK fewerthnn fi>rmnrlir. Ona ot tho Intrnt 
of tliMa will th<! Urinii nf thn foiuidntion- 
•toneofthe ii«w buitdingaof the Birhbnck 
Irmtitiile i23 April IHM). In lUe raring of 
IfKSl liU tii.-nll1i oinjwlli-d a visit to tha south 
of France. At fitut lt<i termed toljebeiie- 
filed by tlifi cluing^, hut t. fall in a club- 
boiue ill Ctinncu aron^lit on nn ntlark of 
opil«:'p«v, if irhich hi) died nt iho Vitln 
Nevada on l!?* Marcli. The rcmniiis of tho 

?rinc"; iretti hrouitht bomu for intrrmc-nt. 
'ho funcrnl took plncu in 8t, Qearge's Chrtpcl, 
■Witid«or, on Ajiril. Ho luft a sou aud a 

Tlie vfit\t» was K.G., K.T.. G.C.S.T.,, P.O.L. of thn univnnily of l>ut^ 
huUfA b^nclicr of Lincoln'* Inn, nn i-ldor 
brothnr of 'I'rinity Iloujio, n frRrnian of thn 
oity of London, nnd n fn't-mnjioii. ilii wna 
ilao honorury colonal of ihu third bntlnlioa 
Seiforth iKghlandtitB, and a ineinbiir of 
vniioiiH fort^i^ri ordsrv. 

A iHiHrait liy t'lirl Si>hn,.iiin., Vlongn to 
iho iKiclieM of Albiiny. Sir Jnnioe I.inton 
paintHl n picturi? of iho diiko's muriflgo, 
wbieh is now at Windnnr. 

[Oliiiunry and olhcc noticco in the Timm, 
SIwDieii: Van, Ann. Rcgiitsr; Academy, xxv. 
U2 ; Tntoamiunn of lh« Royjd Soriiiy of Liu- 
ntorOi Ind acr.; -IoutiiuI of the Society of Artv, 
ISTtl (t ■»!). ; UnQMrd FikrI. Dob. 3rd >#r. 
ooxil. 2SH. 0(6, 919; Vinrrc'* Lifo mid Sponchn 
orH.B~II.Prin<.-oLro;K>ld(l884); Martin's Lifrof 
the Prini^D ConBoit, FMlor's Alnmni OxoninnMa, 
ud Burke'* rocrag*.] J. M. R. 

(rf. lOys), urliat, son of Nix-1 Lvpiprv, U*- 
Innffed to a fninilv of noun- inijiorlHnce in 
rlondi^riii, which lind, liowever, ei^IIleil in 
England, and ownrd prnpeny at Cniitorbnry. 
Tlis father nuidft a ler([o foriunn ni n mer- 
chant, tnd gttra I^epijir^ a lilwml rduoiition, 
but ho showed a geniu> for art, and di'votnl 

hinuwir to drawing. IIa\tng no need tovflrn 
hi« livelihood, he drew for Lis ainiJ4eiii<>nt , 
wlocdng «ubject« ot a butnorou* or comical 
nature. Hii mciiaory wm ho i^d that If 

pcmld draw cxnct Iiki'Oi!ua!> of jiny one whom 
ha had only pii.-uLit in tile slroct. IK- wm of 
n );<;nial nature, fond of the Ixitll^ and ^ootl 
living.andagreat fnvouriti- among hia frii:>iid«. 
^oiiie of hiK bett drawings vers tuade fiw 
laviTiia, »iich as the Milre in Slocks Mark4>r 
nnd the IIcllinW>>»lraJnsii>r. Ij«piprfi travel led 
murh on the onntincnl, and hi« rlow ntudv 
of the works of ihr- H:^^nt jininlrn rendered 
hiiu an f«.?eUenl ibnuphl-imim. Ue onoo t-x- 
l>;udi.-dhi»lravi-lsnsrikiuaCuiruinK({ypt. He 
drew laiidBcapcH and humorous oompositiona 
and caricatures, and ftmjui^iitly etciied stib- 
joctji ou Hirer (ilates for his friends, who 
used them as lids to Ihcir tobticobnxe*. 
IJOpip^' pnintod Iwnlvi* nmiill pieturiv of 
nconiMi in ' llndibrjis,' which am tmt sirailnr 
to llin set nnitnived hy William HogTirth 
[q, v.] Somc^ of the bc'ods in Sir l*aul Uv- 
ea ut's ■ Hiitciry of the Turks' were dmwn by 
Lepipre and eiit,'nived by W. Klder. Tlien^ 
are a few humorous drawings by him in iliit 
print room nl thi* Rriiish Mii*i'itm. I^ipw 

inhmliid somit fnrtunn at. thn denth of bts 
fnthcr, but tit one timn found himielf con* 
sidembly mdueei] in circunutDncus. and U^n)• 
porarily worki'd for linoe Bookett the mi-zeo- 
tint -engraver. Lateinlifehotooktomod^Uiuf 
in wax, executing bas-reliefs in This maniirr 
with iotue BUcoeM. AHer his motlier's deiitli 
he inherit«d further property.and indulged in 
iVe» living aeuin. A fever was tli* mult, «nd 
ihroui^h medical in^tperiCDCo it proved fat«l. 
lie died nnmarrii.'d in AldcrnianDUTT initios, 
and was buried in Ht. .Mary Miucdiil«ne, Bcr> 
mondsey. Two portraits of Leiupre vttn 
engraved in meMoliiit, oni; being aseiih«d t« 
R. Liitlivll; "iheMwere c-ngraved for rarioitt 
eilitiaii« of Wal pole's 'AneodotM ofPuatiiif.* 
11<i olso was tlie central fl^ro o4 * K^^up 

{ninti-d by Isn.'kc Fnlicr 'q.v?) lli* hrothcr, 
'eier I.cpinrw, wti' a merchant in London, 
and ownod most of his brother's dmwirl^. 
He maniod Rnmh. danghler of Sir Gabriel 
Robertd, by whom he had a large family, 

[D» Piles'* Liens of tlm P«liiur» ; Waloolo's 
Aawdutea of Painting, ed, Wi>mam; Nicni>ls't 
Aneedote* of IIognTtbi bmily piipors of A. H. 
Frore, esq.] L. C. 

LE QtrE8NE,CHAKLFJS (1811-1&M). 
a writer on the constitutional history of 
Jersey, a native of Jersev, was eldetl son of 
Nichulas Le Quesnc, a liirat of the Itnyal 
Court, From early youtliboflhtywad a Mnng 
and his flrtt publication vn* a iwriH ot 




ibe CluuitW'l I^nii'!s<A'bt(-ti vfri- c-iurit'ntrd 
to Joutikkii Duaraa'n ' Ofii-nuojr Mkguini' ' 
(IdSO-^V In 1^16 appvanHl ft remiirkaUB 
*Mkjr by Lb Qaoaia, entitt«l ' Irdand anil 
Uw Cbuanl Uuiili, or • Kt'owtlx for tr«- 
UntL' He atlribuipj tbe (U«ooiitvnt ni Itv- 
Luwl mainly lo tbp tyMeai of tan<1 tt-niirr. 
kbA tonvaieil lliD appIicHlion lo Irvlnod of 
th>» laml tyrMia ol ili» Channi'l UlnnO.i, 
which ilividm lb" Uiul amooff nanf »mM 
|i(otiri«loti. In 15-^6, tbr year of bb doatli, 

totr "f J<-r«-y.' a siaiulnnl work, from wluoh 
<]Ualali<>a luu frenuvnlly bevD laada in law- 
■uits rrlitiog lu Ibi- Cbaniwl I)<lai»(]s h«anl 
hefitcv til* wivv Muocil. Tlie ' IlidWcy' i» 
wriiirn ill Krik-liiJi. iui<l printi' tor the fir»« 
tlnw many valtublr ilocometit*. Some pac- 
tion iJ il* rontrtili n-os, bon-fivc^r, borruweil 
truoi (MwarU Dunll'ii vilition of Falle'a* IIU- 
iw; 1887. 

Le Qumw waa eltcttxl a Jumt of thi> 
Koyal Conn at Jetmy on 3 Jul^ ISSO. For 
maiiy ivar^ li« 1i«la a cobubumod in thp 
■alsBd 'anillnr^-, aad wa« proNdcnl of Iba 
Jrniwy dutubw of oamDavrv^. 

Im Qnnne wai an activu and liberal 
wcfliber of the >(«(«■ of Jomy, uul, lliou^ 
attacfaod lo the coauitutioa at tlw laUnil, 
WM ■ aUumcb MipiortCT of weftil and pro- 
grcaaive nforsn. IIi.- died on IS Aug. Ii^Vt 
at St. Ilelier. Ilf marritJ KatD, daugfaUr 
of C<>V>n«I Enclifh, ILK. 

[pAruf's Arwarial of J«fMj, p. SSO; local 
MmMpvr lUn nndw daUa awntionoiL] 


LERFI*! lERE. 1)ANIEL( I7U ?-l 78.'.). 
«fignvar, ira« born in Kiifflaad, probably of 
Fnock parento^, abnul liH. lis wa* in- 
•criMlwl by Fnnciit \'ii-Bros In. v.l, irlioic 
■MBtMrbo f611oir<<d, andvn* aj^crwonU trm- 
phiyad Bxeltuivcly liy Mracra. BojrdeU, for 
wbaoi he ciwra*«il ■'>iaa Sne plate*, chMifly 
lUklaoapn.bHwMn irTOandlT^fi. Anonir 
tbaM wnre 'The Vounc Hordunan' and 
•BnouaK.' aftoi Cuyp: 'Th* Mollea Calf.' 
•The Flight into E^rpt.' an<l -iSt.Osonc and 
Um Dra^^ofi,' after Claudn : kx plotwcf rural 
■■li»«iniiiil>. aftiii I iiiitlii rfiniiTg. liir Briti*h 
naval Tietoriei, oHm I[. ralm; 'Uomiug,* 
■ft«T I^ocLor; In-o viewa of London and 
three Tiew» in Jamuica, after O. RobetiaDU : 
two Ilaliau InndfcapVS aft«r J, Taylor ; and 
'Calaa ' and ■ Stonn,' afli>r J. Veniet. Ilo 
•1m ragravfj towu oif tlii- \'ww9 in llio lliinl 
volnnn of ^unnV • Aniiqiiitin of Aliwii*.* 
Larpiniora othibtml a f^wilrawii^ and rti 

Cvinga with ihr Prve SociHy of Aniria 
we«a 177it and 1 7Kl. lie died at Wah 

Plants Lambeth, in ITeO. 



(Btyan** Diet, of {Suntcn aal Eognxm 
(AnMrDBf) ; Roigrtn't Kei. at A itirfa ; 
SiruU'a Diot. at Kagnwtn ; Dodd^i CollatUoaa 
UBnt.Uum.AdJ>(.HS.SS3«»] F.M.O-D. 

LBGKSUB, StB STEl'IIEX (/t. t686-j 
laST), ambaaaador, aeemii lo hAV<^ been a 
FreDChman. lie waa lit ins at Dunhitk in 
Jaouai; 1&86, aod in OetoiWr of thai y«ar 
bocam* aaerotarv to tlia l->nicfa ambanuor i 
inEnpIaBd. InMaylSSUlus triodtobfeooM ' 
a diwuen, and cucccodcd abortly afWwarda. 
Cecil toolt him into the pnblic aerTice about 
ISOtii. In Urtobvr l(m he waa atnt vith 
Lord Enn-, S^r John llerben-aod Dr. Daairl 
t>onn« [q- v.\ !>> iivai with tlia king of Uen- 
mark and lliv IImd>« 1«vn» at Bremn. 
Whilo he vail at Itrnmi-n tbn qtiono dird, to , 
tlw irraat injuir, he ntterrnr^n cotnplaiiiad, i 
of hw proopecu. On ffl June 1008 he waa 
tent on an embaiay to the emnvror, Ru- 
dolphn. InMarehlO0(>heira«liTii^n«xi 
toiorif flouaoinljondon. He ceegaatohan i 
Itad a peninan of Ml. a y«ar from lOOA. and 
on 31 Jan. 1007-8 be recoited a gmnt of 
■t.OOOJLofoldcroimdofalatoTocover. Jainml 
alto,on 23 March 1006, oaTD him IfiOOi. In 
lOUj bo seenu to bttre Men in Florence, tn 
1000 he weat on an eikbaai}- to the arab-, 
dulte,andia Not. 1000 heaetoiii for FloPHiiea 
aeain, «li«n th* Bisliop of WincliMlcr aihed ' 
hint M take hia non with him. At Horenn i 
h« liad etaalt aurrou, ami goint.' to the as 
peror in lfll2-.t, hr wu rocall^l a» 'itlk*] 
aooeptabhi.' lie ntnaiiMd, however, at' 
Prague till April 1014, and wrote hia nam* 
in an autof^raph book belonging' to John 
OpHimalhia of Moravia, which la nreaerrcd in 
the Drilish Museum (Eg. MS. CS). LeUen 
of Lraienr between lUti and lOOiS are mea- 
lionod in'IIitt. MSS.Contm.'.trd.flth.Otfa, 
ami 7th Itcpa. Hi- MXims to hnvo had no 
further pubhe employ tnnot, aiKl in 1627 p^ 
tttionod Churlei I fur tlwi eontinaaneo ef th* 
peiuion wtiicli JnDic-i ( had invnted to him. 
Tlie date of his duatli In imirrlain. lie nar- 
tied bj lioenao, ^iilvil il Di<c. 109:^, Mary, 

' widow of Fraucta Littleton. 

' [Caladan of StaU P*per*, D«n. IfiSI-igjS. 
paMlm: Syllabaa to Bymor^i VtrJtn, 838-31; 
Llintar'a Loadoo ICarnaga LieiBHa : Davoa'a 
lama of the Esnboquar.] W. A. J. A. 

Z.E3LEY. [See bIm I.nUE and LiM.r.] 

L£SLET. ALEXANDER (1<»»-I7f>8>, 
jeauil, bom in Abenleeoahire ( N'ot. lOtM), 
was third Hon of Aloxand^r I.o*tie, third 
biron nf Pilcanbt, Irr his «ceond wife Den- 
nntta Irvitiooi Dmm. After liaving gone 
throuab a couimi of cLuaics at Duuay ho com- { 
pleted hia rtudiot at Rome ; entered the 






Society of J.-ius 13 Nov. 1713, oiid tiiiijrlit 
liti'mtitn- ul Sorn urnl Aliconn. lli? pitini'd 
thriiiiyli III* lliL'ulii^iicii! I'ouroi! nt tlii--Ci.ilii.-(;io 
Uomnii'i, iiml ■iilwti[iii/utlyileliv*'ivd leiitur*ii 
on ikn (in>ili IniiKUHice tn lliat iii»lilutiuii. 
Inl'l'U he tnuiflil |ilill<i«oj)liy in tlio IllTriiiu 
Oull«^> of l.oriTlo. Ill: vrn* pnifnfaed of the 
four vows 3 Fob. I72B-9, nnd boinji uMit to 
the Stotliuli miminn, luboiinxl in AbonlTOn- 
eliir«. 'Ill ITSHiprL-tumfiltolinlynncliauaht 
in th« coUegMof Ancuua nnd Tivuli. Ilu 
cniiii?! back to Enfflftud in liSSat tlieri-(|ui»t 
of Lortl Peirp, wlio (|p«ireil to Imvo i}xe »er- 
vipcji of Jill iiccle»ia»iic wli" wns v*r*eil in 
nntiauariiia lorci. Ho wiu.aii«ni:ifltmlwltlitbri 
Enguih pTorinco of the uncioty, nnd in 17S1 
wu B miitdoner in llio 'CoIIcki: ofthi-'IIaly 
ApoHtlna,' urhi[:li (.'cimprisiil Kmc^x, ^utl'ollf, 
Norlblk.and CambriiJi.'t'xIiin-. ICetiirninf; lu 
KoQM ia IT-M lis wan ftffvcl of Aludios in 
tht Scou jDnllpge till 1 < V\ was nrofuMDr of 
moritl tli(iol(i;;y fur two viir* in the fiucliah 
Colleire (1 746 -6 ), iind in 1 rJS wu MtocmtiKl 
witJi tii<>lcitniedj<:6uit Kmanunl doAioToda 
in pre|)iiring the 'Tbwiiuruii Lituruicti*' for 

fublicaliuti. He fixud liia rvsidi'nci? in tin? 
ollf j,'ii> lioiniuiOi where Le dii-d uu 37 Martdi 
175)^, afUT having mibti«ht<d u iui<re rrui.'m<-iit 
of th*i iirujecied 'The8anru«,' vU, ■ Mi*»ii!p' 
mixt.iini Hwiiiidiim ICninilnin Di^nli Isidiivi 
dietnm Moznrnho».' ivilh a prefnoo, nmns, 
and nppondix, 3 voln,, Home, I7.V). 4t(i: re- 

?riiit<H{ imdr-r tUu fditiirshijJ of J. 1'. Migne. 
'sris, 1(S50. 8ro. This was a rL-priiil oflbo 
Mourebic MJMal priiiiiMl at Toledo in 15U0 
by order of Cnrdiiinl Xirnoni". ■ Lesley's 
prcfiioo luid not.ns,' snyn M,'ilir'? ii; the 
itiogjnjihio rnivoraolhi,' ' nn; invnlunble to 
thom who (IriirL- to irneo ihn origin of Ihfl 
Montrnbif rit.- nnd its vnrintiotui.' 

Uu it said to have loft in uiflniucri|)t : 
1. ' Not«a on tlio Uoiarnbic Bri^viarv.' 
3. 'Note«ou a Greek H^dal siruvk bv tliv 
inliAbilant^ nf Smyrna.' 3. ' Iter l>ittera- 
riDm.' 4. Twocollectionsof inswint.ion»,vi«, 
'LdpiduTiburtini ' ond ' Lapidw nritnnnici.' 
6. 'Rafutntioii of Dr. Oonynr* MiddlMon'ii 
" I'BRnn iind Modern It'imu Cfunpnred," ' na 
uncouijilrtrd W'lrk. Ii. Noti-J on l■uthl^r Julin 
Tumpesl'ii 'Ia-Mits I'rnin I'ulc-tint'.' 7. 'lie 
prtMlantin veti-mm lupiduin,' in imitation of 
the work of Spenliciin. >>. 'lie priNtanlia 
ouini»matniii.' fl, 'Ue lji'j;ionibna,' an im- 
portant work, in whirh be dialin(fni»ht4l, by 
meftiH of inncTiptiont, all tliu (^ntib^ of thit 
lloman army. 

IBiog. rniv. xxir. 368; Citb*11ero> llihi. 
Script, a. J. aappUmcDla. i. 204 : t>c< Burkor'a 
mill. ^li> In Cnmpuinia ieJima, ii. TU: Tolry'i 
i;«canl>.v.G33. TiriSS; I.(«!itt'a Itceonlii of tJm 
Famil; of Lcalie (18(19), iii. SBtJ; Oliror's Jsauit 

Colloctiom, pp. 21, S(i»; S(oth«rfB CttlholK^ 
Mia>)aa to Ikotlund. p. 5*1 : /umria'i AoimU 

lettrmrii d'ltolin (Mulcnii. ITUi), Tnl. ill. pt. ii 
p. 4D( ; KMCnrin'i ItiM. R.tuulU, ii. 336,] 


0.1). ( 1C4I-1704), jetuii, bom in AbcTd™n. 
abirv in KMl. i-nieivd the Soci«lv of Jeius 
at Itomti at ibn agv of tventy-five, b»in 
thon It doctor of divinity. For wme limp 1 
laiiKbt plillojiiphy at IVriigin, nnd on 10 Feb. 
1(173—1 !io wflj appointod mipcrior nf th» 
Scol* CoIlef,i.' ut Isonif, which ho govcmod 
for nine vears, On bi- iitiiiion, in coojimc- 
linn witfi hU cuutin \\ itliam LmIov, a^at i 
at Rom^for the Seoiiinh clorjty, the festivalf 
of St. IMnro'imt, wbicli provionsly biul beval 
oclobrnti>d in ricolloiid »nly> wn« iiiaiirted in I 
tbo Homon brcvinrr and mimuil. During Ili«' 
lant ten year* of his life Leilov *orvod tbo 
niinsion in Scotland, where )xc diud on 
■J(S March 170J. 

tie publiabed 'Vila dl S. 3fat}:h«riia. 
Itngiiin di Sconia, raccolta da dlverxi auiuH,* 
Itnmo, ltt7A, 1091, nml ]71», 13mo. pp. lUu. 

ICiilliolio Miscollany, i». 38; Do Bockor's 
Dibl. do U CompHgnie •!« J^ai. ii. TIH; FoUy'a>. UI.4S«i L>JirndtH»liiU.Uuii.(Bohn)„ 
p. 1313: 01iv»r'« Jeiult CollMlioni. p. 28 ;l 
SoulhwoU's llitil. Strriplorum ifac Jem, p. 31 1 ; 
^('iilu'Ft'k Catholic Mi»ioa in Scotland, PP' 
1!'0-S.] T. C, 

LESLIE. [Sbg also Lim.kt and Lmlt.] 

OP LBVEJt (1J580?-1681), ^nvral, wa* horn, 
acconlinK to Mac^laiw the nntiqtiaiy, M 
Coiipnr-.\ng'm, in thohoiuo of liconard IjWH 
liti, who was nbbot thnra from 1A63 to 160S 
I manuncript in Advoontei Librnry, Kdin- 
burjrh). lliBfathorwitiGoorfcnLcAlioicapUJn 

oflhec&Hllu of lllair in Alhole, ftdcion of the 
Letilie» of Dalqubain : htsmotlier.whoBuaiii^ 
name wa» Sii-wart, and whose chriRti&niiAiai* 
is vnriaii»ly givnn n>^ Ann und Mnrgnrfl, i« 
doilbirully Biiid lo have bt«n K dnuj-htcr uf 
Iho hiird nf Itnllucbin. DaTid,iiooond onrl of 
Wiimys;, wlio wnsongiiged in the cov«nant* 
inji WW under I.palio, noted in his diwT the 
current alory ibnt she was 'a weiicb in Itao- 
nocb' (muuuserlpt pr«««rvenl at Wemvaa 
Castle). lie was born out of wwlloek, DM 
aft*r the dentb of hit wife Captain ttnorge 
IjCfltii" miirrind hi« formi-r lovn in ordor to 
lo(ritimnlo bin oldoni «in (I,B8UH, Jli'l. Jit- 
ronli of thf Famify af Lalie, ia. liM). 

Li-ntiL-isMiii.! l<ibavebi?MiOTeT(iigbtyanhia 
dontbinlfHil (TuRXBB, ATrawuVip. 3r)), and 
111119) bnvt ilierefore b«en bom about l-'t^. 
Him educAtioii was nrobably soaniy. Ij^rd 
Ilailoapoinled out tli« prinl>l ike form of hia 




Alunv, tli^A only KXlant api-cilnoiu ul' llja 
^Jtindwriung, ■■ proof of hu iUit«TM!j', ud 
nlktc* tbc >toii7 ibBt Lralii- oocv told notnu 
■itcndmiiU tbat bU imtructiuu in nwding 
did not nwdt IwtoiuI tlie l«ti«rf (M&smk, 
Liff^MiltaK, il. AA, footaote). 

In «Mtj nMBbood h* aought Mnplortnimt 
ma ■ mIiIwv on di* continant. Accordioir to 
Mac&riiuin Im Ant wrrnd under Sirllurutiu 
%'crf in thn Ncllirrlnii'l*, iirobnlily aa one u^ 
the ScMlisb cutatttnj' wlni-b, under iho cu})- 
Utncj of Sir \V«lierScolt,fiitli'T'.if tli- llr-1 
Earl of Buccleuoh, (bUovr«d V> " ir I'l 1 n^-- 
lud belbra ie(H. In lOH I : 
llickmjnf lli^ Viii)I of SwfJi-n.iii Hhii;li liu 
•errvd vltliitiiiliiiclionduriiititti'Mii'XI thirty 
jaatm. llefouftbtanderCbarlntlXomvrtdua 
and oader liu*an,Gu«tAvu*Adolpbui,iatlii-iT 
"""y'lP" iiniMt Kuftsia, 1'oland, and Deii- 
Bimilc. u wuU M acmiiiAt tkf liii[>enal lioiuo 
of AaMria in the tain)' T<an>' war. 

Oo S33epC lA36,wb«BOiiaUvu<> Adolpbii* 
ir*« inTMtod by irnvarB ttma CbnrliTi 1 
with tbo order of tbn fSartrr iil Uirwhau, 
he klusbtiK! Lulic, iLuui tiL-uiuaaat^j^i-iumil, 
and five otlii-ri), in tlMpwutweof Uie whute 
Minj [^JtulAren ChrmJNMHhnw, ]). ix), tn 
' tta MDH JCBT Indite lienaliMd aim««lf in nn 
HMwantc* nitli tbe PoJiih troop* of Kigi*- 
mnnd in tb* neifhbourbood of lianti^. 

In l)jS, wbtn tli«SwoiIi*h kiiu bnd Huns 

Untdf intotlia tliirtj' yean' war, Liulic ncied 

I. as hia cUaf officer. In 3laj be vm» u.-ni to 

' mIm tlie coniniand atStnliKind, irbich Wal- 

^ JCmatciB waa beaicwinK. ^Vidi five tliouMiiid 

' SeataandSwedeaL«ule fought hU wu^ into 

Uw town, Uia atWM of wki^ bo niplnnished, 

and liJB ri^ron* action oompallod Wollcn- 

i>t«in to laiao the licgc and retire. Lieli« 

wu tboraa[>on appnintnl govrroor of all tbc 

nmaimnf cities aluii;- the Baltic cout. klu- 

BtfioMit rvwardt witb givvn bim by ibe cili- 

' aen* of Sltalauad, including a oiMal struck 

in gold toeoiBiMi»or»te tberalioTof thocit; 

, <Hmio, Enrdition, 1037, pp. 7S-S). Tlie 

BkaJal it (till pomcrrcd by Lnlio'a dc«cend- 


Ln*liu cODtiniml in command of tlipBatliu 

diatrict until I6SQ, and mudu it a vatii- 

I sUa naviting-KTound fur tlie i^wedii<li 

ftljuln. Tbe ad^^mil itUnd of litignii wiu 


tM)Op«,and*ali»fii^thnt lltcy ncreincitpabU' 

of mudi injury, I.alip for a lima i(Da«cd 

iboit pRKino:. But leamiim in tltat year 

tbat DiJtB Bogi*I><u of I'omi'rania bad pri- 

vauh' •mad, with WaU«nt>tviii'ii comtunl, 

to aAe Uie iilaad to Itoniuark, bo by a bold 

I sally took po awaw on of it in tha namo of tlio 

Idagof Swad<n(l''i.inviii:it, fttuiarut AJol- 


Ill ivco^iiiun of liu BtTvioc* UuBlavua 
conferred upon liitn nn vHinte in Swtdmi 
whivb wuH riMuni«d by tb^Swediab go*am- 
nipnt in lti% on tlie ground of aoine defect 
in tbe grant; and If it bo true tliat ho ra- 
ceived 'two rich earldom* in (tefroany' al 
lk(i anmn tiino. it \» cloar that iliir chanRing 
fortnneiiof war «oon deprived faim of UuMn 
(■•ilate I'apfr*, Dom. 1639, p.2M). Aratu- 
alili- jfurcl. onothrr gift Of QuKlania, with 
a uiinialure likt>nwt of tba donor, I.e<lia 
n'titini<d till big dialh (FoCXT&lXHAI.L. //>4- 
' r .v,( y.>iitt* ^ ScoKiah Affair*, uA'iX). 
Ill Mny ]B30I^ie1rf»lttal■ln^landtoad- 
, vi«c.lani«a, tliirdniarqaUof Ilnnullonlq.v.l, 
. wbo bud Im-n Mitruatcd liy Oharle* I writn 
tti.- 'tiiiy if tii'iii/lriit «!k tliounaDd EngUah 
^llll|[<'^-^ r. . I ,'i I ., , m'* Lvalie aciM aa 
i'L'iij['iinL-iuiij<.>i.);L'ii^ritl to tiainillon and his 
truop«. .Vfii-r tlauiillon'ti landing nt tlia 
niii>ii)i III' i)ii' <')il.T in IVininniniai Loiilic, 
<1<-|'<:<' rli,' ~ii'l,ii. .1 and death that >oon 
iitliir.ii (111' Miii^ln'iTi of till- Hrititb con- 
lin^-inl by a third, cnntun-d n-ilb tlifir aid 
ibt: lownn of Cmtnrn, tninkforl, andGultun 
on tbe DJcr. He nun al'terwiuda Hnga{(ud 
with tlu- Bniiidi contin^i^c at (lie recoTvi; 
of Magdeburg rram the tinperialist* (January 
168£), and nt the nego of lloxt«ludc be vaa 
I in command of the army of l-'ield-niAnbal 
Todt, who had fallen into lerapamr^' diii- 
gmco; but a few diiyi ufttr bi» arrival a 
ah'it frutn tlic tuvrn struck him on the instep 
of his left fuot whiti? ho wiis viewing ibe 

rlai-i-, uiid liiBubkid liiiu. Ifiri WHScamed lo 
lauibiirg {SientitA tHlrUiyf'irrr, pt. ir. p, 
' \'^)t but N0OTM>«d in Itmi: to Ix^ pr*-.»ol at 
the battlo of Lutacn on 6 Not. \S&2, wbers 
Unatnvui n-m killrd. SuhH-qucntly be laid 
I ■ioge to Brundenburg, which siLm.-n<lered to 
I bim on 1(1 March ltI34{ and rvtuniing to 
PomeniniB. again took part in the reduction 
ufTrankrort on the Oder. Lhwt hownimado 
general of (lie Swcdifch armirs in \\'p«ti>bnlia, 
where ho reduced tli« coallo of I'ttewhagiKn, 
took till) town of Minden on tbe Weier, and 
n-Iii>vcd tbe gurrimin of Uanabruok. Un tlie 
denih »r Ivniphituwn in t lie •ummer of 1630 
be wiu tsudL-tield'inaribal in hb place (Toi- 
X KR , Mrinoirt. p.ti),aadlie dmatcbod Colonel 
It'fbt'ri .MoiLtuj^ij. v.Ito Scolukud in order to 
gnin r^-riiita,B;ivinKluiii lettaraappaaling for 
aoaimnnce iiddiM<(»«3 to Cbarloal and Hamil- 
ton. At lh« timo the pMition of tbc Swedish 
annvin (Jernuiny wasbecomingcTitical. In 
the latter bulf of WSi LciOio wa* driven from 
Tortfau and down tbe Elbe to Stettin, wbene* 
he croaied to Stookholm in Septombn. Tha 
Swedish qaeen and her chancellor, Oxan- 
*iiema, acanowledeed the value of hia esor» 
lioiu by granting him an annnal pcnaion of 




eight huiiElreil rixdollnn, wliJIc Li» cider 

iMn,(iiittnTiui, iraanppomliKla colonnlin the 
SwoilUh army. Hi- ut the unniu limo rr* 
ccived frr»h inttniclioiu lor ihi? jimnw^uliim 
of thf wnr in Genuiiiiv (note of Sw«lish 
doKUiUF.'nt" in -Mt-tville Oh«rlyp^hL'M; Hut. 
MSS. Comm. Ilili R.-p. jit. vi, p,.. lifi-Oa ; 

FlUNKU, Jii'rU '\f llathlinylun, Vi. OI-llJ), 

l.«!«lic hnd iiiHrriiii in «irlv lifn Xgn'^" Tlim- 
ton, daiijihtiT of tli^ Inird riMtillv, llprwidt- 
■hin:. but »lie hud ri-nrniond in i^i-oihmd in 
his QMiMicu, iinJ III- hud muimsrd lo pny licr 
fraquvnt vieita. In XHI&o, when hi' ievmt lo 
have hiid ihou^hM (if rtliriiig ttom militurv 
lifp, he«pnl«"ini.> time in8coi]aDd,aii<] with 
tbo A«>i«innFn of his remote kinsmnii and '\n- 
timntn frii-nd John, varl of HoiIiob, ncqtiin'd 
tlie (iilali- of Itnleonie and otbi-r ndjn^i-nt 
lands in Fifi-. and th^ c«tot« of ICini Niabut 
in BenniclithirL-. On K July lOSIi ('ulros* in 
Pertli-liireenrLfLTrt.-il on bim th« civic trv'eJom 
(bur^0>«lid(>.-t ill Me1viIK-Chart«r-chett). In 
1636 his rtJaiiciiis with KothNirere drnwa 
elowrbythpmflrriiiye of hi*#ecuii J snn, Alex- 
ander, to Kollie-*'* Kiyi'nd dniigbiiT, Mnr^^ ret- 
On hia return tn Scotliuid in ihn year follniV' 
ingLMliuBiuinunci.'d bin intimtionnf carrying 
hia wife and family tu Swodnn. hut he ecfina 
to ha^t) (.'fnitpni|iluled IranifL'rrinR bis scr- 
ricet tu the elc^clor jmlulini- (cf. ifnthiea 
Corrnrpoiidimt*. p, xiv). In April IliS'i lio 
WM prranmifd in I.om1c>n lo Crmrh-" I, and 
exproMtrd hlmiicif rrndy tn nndertJiko tlm 
leadership of an fxptxlitiiiii for tho rticovi-ry 
oftheBonwuian throne for t'hnrlc«'»n<!pbi'w, 

the elector (QiBnlXER. Jli't. of tjiglaml, 
TUi.368). Ho received n nure-eunducl from 
CharlM,dBt(id SO March Wi^-H.f-ir ihvwxii 
ConvcTunri' of him^iilf ntid household from 
Scotlund acnwa iboncn on biiitRPo from the 
king (ori((injd nafc-condiirl in thn Molirillr' 
Chart er-chMt). i-pitii' itpnordinKly pnid n 
Tery brief visit to ticrmuny, but nothing in 
reeard to tb« ett:clor wan pHWlcd. 

lipslie bad watebed with intert'it the C'lur*!- 
of oTt<nla in Scot land, and wa* in eomnlele 
*ynipatliy with tbo povfniinter*. He had not 
only taken the orrnnnt. hinispir, but caused 
'a great number of onr commnndirs in 
OwmauyeuhscryvL- our eovonant' (Baim.Ik, 
X«'/*r<,'i. 111).' lie was (pMUfrally marked 
ont as the leader of ilie Seottisb armv in 
evttit of tbo»e hn«tilitie» wilb Englund nhieh 
Chnrlcf I'c ccctniaxlical polioy seemed t'.i 
mnkd ineviiahlo in IfiSS. On U Aug. 11(38 
Cbruitina of Sirodrn gave him, at bis nH|ne«l, 
letluraof deniMian, in whirh iibir t«ti()ed to 
his acllieT«iDent« in the Swedish snrv ice, and 
his arre&TS of aalary were paid inllicsbuppof 
munitions of war— two field-picccM and two 
thooMnd miukets. With lhi:'j*e arms h« r^ 

limird in November to Soolland, and had 
(omo diflieiilty in avoiding Iho EnfE-liidi 
cruiwrs which wcr« watching the Scotlinh 

const . 

Imuiediatelv on his arriral Lmlie took thff 
direction of lii« miUiaiy preparations then 
gving forward. He gathetvd together thiM 
most expert military officers ac a cntiDCi! < 
war, saw 10 the levying and drillinf^ of the 
mmiits, icvnt abroad to llolknd and athor 
countrin, not only for more onununitioo and 1 
arniK. but loimpraBupon an^ of iht-ScoUJ 
aervinjir abroad the dnCy of coming borne : and 
he caused Captain Alexander llamilion, who 
was better kiiovrn by the eobriijuet of ' Detr 
Sandy,' In cant a number of cannon, Kueh m 
wcr9 uiwd in field warfare on tln^ continent* i 
but were lutherio unliiioivn in Britain. Leilk [ 
be»lronft1y forliiied in ordt-r tu ri-sist thoab>i 
tack of an expected lleel under llainilton,aild1 
be infused ineb B a]iiril into the coifuantMSl 
that even the noblea and tlieir wives put their I 
liands 10 the work. I-wlie fully iili-ntifiecl 
bimnplf with I be came of ib^coveniinl by np- 

E ending bis signature to the lilicl ufiainsl the 
ialiops (doMuoM, Scola Affair*, i. 127). 
The first active incident of the campalffal 
was llie caiilnn'of Afai-nli^L'>n, which Lesiiol 
eflecteJ without a blow {Slatr Papvrr,VioaU' 
l<t3!), p, 90; cf. CoKiKiN, Oiw»0£V Becond 
M \Rai-is nc HtijcTLrl. Tn Slarch IA3D,wh«a 
the o>venantpr* Tvsolvod to feitc tlie (or* 
tri-«te«, Leslie wn» sent to demand the euP" 
render of Etlinburjib (.'a*tl«. lie took rery 
lew men n-ilh biin. and, after llie cmstable 
refused to cive up the castle, made n feint of 
retlriuf;. But placing a (letard on the niilor.'J 
pite, ho instantly destroyed it by th.i ex-T 
plosion, and then vignronsly atuniled tho 
inner gate with axr-» and rams. Itr-forir th» 
trnrrisi-.n recovered from their surpriw, acal- 
inp-lndders werL- applied to (be wall*, and 
w*ilbout the loHB uf a man ou either tiAa the 
castle was in Leslie'd liund^. 

As Hamilton with bis fleet now lav in thai 
Fortli. and Charles was reported nearly rwdyl 
to IoikI uii army in fwrcon into Scotland, * ' 
general miistor of tne Scottiili levies took 
place at Leith, and with one oonacnl Lm"' 
was formally noniinnied lord-general of 1 
the Scottish' forciu bv land or aea, and 
ofallforttMsc8(9Mayl6S9). Planaryi 
were eunferred upon him, and the whole 1 
tat« iieseinbled in convention swonj to giro 
him dutiful obedipnci>. Ills command was to 
endure, ihpy said, 'so Inni^nn we nreneeessit4lfc| 
lo be in armes for (he defence of the cot*»^ 
nan t, for relicione, cro wile, and count rie, and 
nv and wbill the l><ird aend peace tu thit 
kmgilomo.' He claimed much dimity tot' 
his oKice, titling ' at table with the best 




tbe nobalilT of Scotlnnd, nt the upper end, 
«or«T«d,«ivl tlvry kll b«ivb<!a(Ii-d,' UM in joint 
l«ttM^) ■ ho Mcni beron.' tlium all * {State 
ftpr™, Dow. I«a9, pp. tX, Wl). 

.\» CImtIm drew tiear tlie ttowra LmIiu 
muvlivd till aruij, whicli eoBsiuod of lliirty 
tfaoiuand horse Bad lout, M>tit1iwanls to m«6t 
hun, cneaBipitig Ann nt Daagliu, aad nft««^ 
irardcan Dunn I Jiir, wltciv lu^ nnuQlmDi'd in 
the CMvlli.-, at liii own ntlHitt.x', my* Itailtiir, 
' uut hoBiMmbk- laUc lot the iiobiM and 
Mt«iig«n with binueir. . . . The foru was wt 
b«CBate aeweRdiintyme of wur' (Xrtbv^ 
1.^13,314). Ch«rlee,(aeuDp«lbeft»«Bec- 
«icl[,gflreMd KOI. Bt«rUnc for Leslie's head. 
Lm1j» WM tutwillinc to fight if flo-htitig could 
Im BVMt^, but htA duly WM to b« prepared, 
>ud br iuiin] raiwing aiid practically vrarxlrd 

prompt and unitniTaeiiun in order toprevent 
uiTUKia (ib. ToL it. App. pp. 4SS, 442}. 

Tbfr unreadineat ot rixiui tide to auume 
ibp ollWiisive mulled in the op«iLlng[ of ue- 
gatiaiion«, and a trMly ofpncilicatiaD wb« 
«ODcIad«d ia June 163U. la* king infiist^d 
ibat I.Mlie'i ooomiMion thoalA b« cancrllcd. 
Hh ScoU wore iinwillintr to ^cld on this 
poiiit, but Lolio asked ponslition toreaitnii 
and mnovcd the difficult J. The pooice.lioH'- 
cnr^ waa i-err ahoTt-Und. In Nortimber 
Lealte tstia puoed his atraces at lbs dis- 
poaal of Um committee of eatatee, and inper- 
int«nr)-<<l ihe work of rm>TganiMngtli«i srmj. 
On 1 Nov.liewa^prewfit^dwitlitbnfnMtd-Mn 
of lb<> Uivnt of IVnb (bur^CW ticWC in thr 
UrlnUti Chart RC-chi-Et), and on I April I<t40 
Edinburgh canfurrrnl npao him a Hmilar 
honour {iA.) In March IMO the «stsi«» 
offrml l..«>lie the j.-rneralship of their army 
to Iv held poujoinl t V with Mine of tbeir own 
nitmbvr, but hv ilpclined it on such .Icrw*, 
and on )7 Apnl liU fomer sols coramiiwinn 
ira« rvnevisl lo bim 1^ tbo conrtntion, and 
wan confiroM^ to him by parliament in the 
tMowitkg Juait. 

Tbe new campai^ opeiKd with nn untuc- 
eetaful attach bv Litlie on Ediuhurgib Cattle 
(.Vfmotv n/ ike SointrnUn. i>. i£23-70), 
and a v««mI b«lonpnf lo him, tadeii with 
anas and am mum lion, was aoimd at nib. 
Proi-okod by thrsc rvbiiSs, ho declared that 
if a satiafactorr niply from tho king to the 
Se«4a'damaitdiiwasnatfarthconiio|(hu wimid 
■t rmci> carry the war into EnL-laud (Slalt 
P.iprr*, IttIO, pp. 813, SSd). Meanwhile h« 
with oilier Scoiiidh leaders bad signed a 
letter til \^tiM XIII of Frsno', T^ininding 
hjm of lh» soeient IViendaliip Wlwi-i-n ihn 
two c<Minir>e», and bi>«pnn?(in|t Iiui friendly 
\ ia their buhalf with (*liarli!ii. It was 
■ Au roj,' and fell into CharWs 

haails. Tba En^lidi kin^t judRX'd lt« riippr- 
aoription trrasoaablc. liui a tumaion* lent 
tu Lenlte and the other ■ifrnaEories lo aland 
ibeir triHt iu Loudun wiu nutumllj di*- 

uj tlie beginning of July Ii«alie's arnij 
was conoonlrated upon the banlers. His tn- 
tontion wa* to »«im Newcastle and tbe Bng- 
liab cool-flclds (hnrs, but ho did not cross 
the Tweed until tho middle of Augual. Ua 
the occasion Secretary Windebank twunvd n 
K|uib, in which Leslie mu coinparM to Wil- 
liam the Couqueror, and wu tefiteeented as 
tMSurioc his men of certain conquest and 
r««dv Kirtunes {Slat* Paptrt, Dom. 1U0| 
p. Gil). The Scot* •ocoiinteied no omosi- 
lion until tlicy muhed tho Tyno at new- 
biiro.ttheTunftorB brief struirgte tbcy forced 
the jisKM^ of the rirer, took pOMemon of 
Newcastle, and wiihiii a brief apace nxluMd 
all the stini»iiidiii){Ouuiiir)-a* far south as 
Llie Tee). Leslie remairied at Newcastle Air 
a wliole year, and there wplcrnoed to tlis 
comraden in the iteminn wan. Ohorlee was 
durinR the period nt Vork. but few in hi* 
camp were nnsioiu to IwRin ho»lililiM. At 
length a Bubmtiuive pcliliou tu Charlet fnim 
the Scots at Newcnalle, crBviu); redn-as of 
their UBtionul grievanceB, led to the o]>vning 
of negotiations at Itipou, and tlier wero con* 
eluded at l»ndon on 7 Aug. 1641. 

A few days Inter Chnrle* wt out for Kcot* 
land in ]ierson. In poiaing thitiUftli Ncw- 
ciutle he wa» fi«rivird with dcmotiitrBiivu 
loyally by Ihc Mcottiib arinv, and was mag- 
niliceiilly entertained by Lndie. He and 
bi> army B(Wni*iird!i followed Cliarlei iinrlh- 
warder and marohing to Ilirsel Law, ].,c4iie 
disbanded his troops. On 30 Aug. he wui 

treeoul witli the ting in Rdinburdh nt a 
nnniifit givdii by the provoit in the great 
parliament bull, nnd na lord Reni-iul took 

Errcedcncy tlu-rc of uU the Sccittinh nobles, 
horlos wrote to theituei.-u that Loilie drove 
round the town with him amidst tbe slioota 
of the people. Leslie was rcporti-d to have 
said that he saw tho king wss ilUuHpd ; that 
lie luul served his country lo »etllfi religion, 
and this being done, bo would now serve 
his king ngaintit thosn that would imperil 
hi* crown. It was suspected that Lctdie's 
view* were influenced by the hupeof au earl- 
dom {XieMat Paprrt, Camd. rioc., i. 62). 
Bui when he tecn^tly leumed ef the plot of 
tberoyaliHA — known as* tbe Incident* — to 
kidnap Argyll HamQton, aiul liis brother 
Ijinsrk, the leaders of the party hoitile to 
ibn king, he priratfJy gavo them the wurn- 
ins that onabted them to escape. Tlie king 
suhatquently complauied that Leebe ought 





to liavn «t ooeo brotifttit thn diacloMiTW to 
him, but the gcnenl excused huOBcV b^ UJ- 
JBg that Uie sffiur waa ' * todhA hmrnrntaa' 
CuiUa caai« U pkriUiMni oa tli« i»y M- 
toiriug ibe fliffbi of the lords, aoooapuiied 
hf Av« liniidnd ■nn«d troopnv. Tlis loom- 
MM nfkUMl to ftoewd to boHnpio until Le*- 
lia ncMTCd » «p«ciBl commiiMoa to ^nnl 
th* puliuntnt vritb tbe tmooa at bk com- 
niMM, Mosinuif; flf • few foot Rfii»cnl!i 
which k»it bwn ruiaiii«l ni the gra«nl iHf- 
buiiline. In the 9am« jMrliMneBt l^^Vuf 
gnc*tm\y Mwurad a revocation of the »«n- 
t«nc« of forCMtniv [iroiiouneed agtiimi lii« 
oM ci>iuTail« in Gernwnv. Pninck Rulbtvn, 
iori KllrickgWho had h<''lil Ijlinhurgli CMtle 
fbr tho king in lh« Ulr war ( Atli «f /Vtr- 
li'nWBiif of Seat land. \. 3^1': lUtPOfB, .^h- 
•wlr, iii. WI). At ikr parliampnt'i TMitmt 
the 1dii([ CKBttsl Leslii^ Earl of Lcmi and 
Laid Batgonie with vUI»ratt- c«r«aiant- on 
e Not. (A. pp. 13IMI). SoleBBly and with 
Ku oatli heelie is atadttMl to ban ibra told 
the Itiri^ ' ihni lie would n»T«r mote mttc 
BgninBi liim, buT that wfawcrer bis majuljr 
nwuiroil lii* wtrricM h« »hould hnretD«i]. 
and thai bo (Lertn) would neviT ask what 
thrrnus.' vna' (CtAREsnfiS, /fc4c//iV)H,ii. SS, 
BUI) Till- pat ml nsfurl wd- i!ii!*«l at Holy- 
rood U Ocl. IWl (cf- .Wr,Vi//r C«)A.ii. 167; 
State Paptn, Dora. 1(U1-1. p. 161). Hi* 
appointmpm im captain of thi^coatlo of Kdin- 
biiTgti nnd us a jinvy councillor followed. 

At thi'Hmelimvlbeporlismait.oii whote 
chief eooRmitton ho MtxcA, voted him uw 
hundred thoiuantl mvrhs (belwe«n 8,000A 
ud 6,000/. alerlins), wiib ciitmnt inietMt 
till p»id, conflrmM nil bis estate* to him 
\ty n »]wdii] net, nail formolljr acknow- 
lodgnl Uia 'plotir, valour, wbdontvuid good 
gOTCmmftiti!" in rcci-nt i-itnli, t\Tn?n tlir 
■eaaioii cloiod In* formnlly ty<;if;iied liLa ofllce 
of lord-g(^«Tal, bnt wm r«tam«d in com- 
mand of all ibe standing forcpfL n« becnm^ 
a membor of ilic«!iecutiTe committer of tliv 
MtatfH for iho gnTommrnl of tlic^ country 
durinR Che rewei ('*''' "f ParliainfnU ^ 
Swlfonil, V. Sli'i-laO; Itii.FoCB, AniutU, iii. 

In Xovember liXl, while in Scotland, 
Cbarlw intmducoil his nephew, the voun^ 
wiaco doctor palniin", to tlin Scoitinh pnr- 
uamnit, and nnpealod for aid in )[»i'iinj[ the 
joung msn'a kinirdom of Itahemia. Th>> 
matter wa« commilt«d to (he coutiiilenilioii 
of four noblemen, of wbotii t.ei'«u was one, 
and tlier report oil next dnytlial ten tbotisand 
Scotiiali foot might be "Mit f>n iIip coiintrr'a 
obu^ to any conTeninnt Ccrmnn port, on 
the prineo** Mrvioc. Klimbcili. queen dow- 
•geroritohaiua,wTitinf; loSlrTbomaa Itoe, 

aacribed Ihia detiuaa to Loroa'a influonoe. 
LerMi 41 one) wrote to the Swediab chan- 
eeiUor, Ajc«I Oseut ieraa. aKgnatio^ a union 
of tiK Swediab and Sixtttiab forcee m behalf 
of BoliMnia, but ili«i arrival in Scotland of 
llw new* of the rising in Ireland and the 
manuctr of the peolcatant* ibere led to the 
ilemtch to Irtland of the forcn* intmidod 
for iJobemia. Lt^vcn wai appointed general 
of the army, under a cominiwian granted 
by CliaitM at York, on 7 Mar 1843. 

Tb« Scutiisb amy craaMd to Ireland in 
ibe spring:, but l^rvendid not prooMdtbiiher 
niklil Angui-t. On d July I>tinbar, and on 
1 Ang. Ajr, had i>rM'ioii*ly conferred their 
civic fivedom on iiim. PerMnully he took 
little part in the [riiheampaljin. According 
to t he boitile tni imuny of Sir Jamea Tuner, 
amajor-ceneralin iheespedilion.heaoon baa 
to foe* tlie oiithKah of a mutiny among hid 
officers, aiid Turner adds that it woa owing 
to hie inability to quell the insuhordinutioR 
that he^tiicklv riRlnrn'>d to Scotland, leaving 
the command* to Itobert Monro (Tvli!Ci:]i, 
Mtmeirt, p. 19). Jlotn probably. liowrTer, 
his retnm was due (o ihe ioTitAtion of the 
English pnrliiunent (November 10t2) to take 
[art in the n-ar with Chorlea. On faia Jour- 
ney from Ireland lo Edinburgh Glaaeow 
conferred the honour of iia Seldom on iiim 
on 2 Doc. (buTg«M ticket* in I^reo nnd 
Melville Chartvr^hoftt). 

Leven joined the Doavcnt ion of the cJtatf* 
which Yt«.* lummuned lo conjiider ihe appeal 
of ihe En^'liah parliament. In July ItMS 
thrlatterlH-ggedfurlheauiEtoucuof anurmy 
ofoleren tbouoaiid men under Leven 'blender- 
ship, and M Mon as tbecomautaionersoftlie 
Kn^liahpiirlinni''ntngreod to adopt the nolema 
leaRiieond covenant, th«ScottiancOBV<inlion 
Knvc onlrn for the immediate roiling of the 
icvies iiikI iipjiointed Lftven to the eomuand 
(Hitt. MSS. Camm, fith Rep, App, p. (HI), 
tie accepted the pott of loni general witb- 
ont heaitaiion. * It is true,' mvs Doillie, ' be 
piist raanir promise* lo the King that he 
would no more 6ghX in hia cnntrant; bot,' aa 
he declarM, ' it wn> wilh tho oxptwMc and 
necbuar condition ilmt religion aadcounli7'*a 
rights wen not in luuanl ; as all indiflertnt 
men think now ihey are in a verie evident 
one ' (/>f fp^^ ii. ItWI. 

Tho Soottinh army, cfimponed of twenty 
ttioiMind foot nnd two itioiiNind horw, wa« 
ready for nction by the nnd of 1643, and on 
8 Jan. 1644 Ltfven woh ordered to lend it 
into England. It wa» midwinter, and ibe 
ice which covered the Tweed waa so atrong 
that on the 1!)tli the army rtomed upon it, 
bogxnge-ii'ngon* nnd nil. lyercn made for 
hi« former ford on theTynnnt Newbnm.but 




tbat not WM t«i> itranftly fortified, and he 
croaKd ibu river hirW uu at Ovtne^anit 
jiuA in liioe til arotd the dmmI of nieltitiK 
mow wluch iMXt tlar rendeRd iba ctrMn 
faMWwU«, NvwcMlH-, mUi^uaiinoiwid, 
Nftusd to romnKlpr, iinil Ijxvan for b time 
did littlo more ihaa mninlnin hi* grmuid and 
Br«T«Bt the TO^alUt anay in ibo ndakbou^ 
nood ondcrr tbfi Marquis of Nt^wcaatlu frum 
procc«dui|i to ibH BMinliuice i>f tlie kiug. 
Aft«r bin Krri vbI ill Enclaai) he waa apfmintoil 
eonuiLaiMUr-iii-cliirf m all tbe * Bntiah and 
BcMlith ' focem in ItvUnd, hy a joint com* 
milt«e of th* tiro ht^onu. whicA muinerd 
thcnr.btti br never pcnonallj'uiiumixl ihal 

In Anril br won ordi-red to procow! lo 
YiirW, wliiefa liord Xi^wciutlc h<?)il, and hv lay 
before it fur nineorien w««k»( \ViiiTei.ocKG, 
KtrntftimU, p. 00): bui ivUvn I'rinc>> Rupert 
uriT^d Willi a lar^ nrnij' from tlit.' we»t for 
tlie nlief of thi> ciiv. thi> i>ip«n itqji nuiwd and 
tite combinml Sco'niiJi and narlianRniarj' 

forvui m*^ tbcrovoltiuon^ JulT""^'"'"'' 
Sloor. Within naif an hour oiue of iCii[iert'(i 
brilliant caTalrf charge* threw the wing of 
tbe aroy under tbe command of I^ven and 
F«ir&z into tiller o^ii/usiaa. I^eren f^led 
Ui rally Iiifi tpx>i», bo iran binuulf forced to 
My, and sillopea ■* fnr iw Wethrrby or cren 
iJfwd* (TciuiKX, .VoHoi'n. p. Ssy Mean- 
while hia lir«it*iiaiit, IMvid l^'iliu [q. v.], and 
&iimw«U had won ibu dnv. He rvturoed 
iointediatdy un Tvci-itiD); the lidiiig;»,iuid on 
m Jolr York Mirrvcdt^ (Gixpikck, CVnV 
Wmr, i Uf>). 

NewcMtle *till held out, and I^trh 
marched ikilbor, bavii^bcBn r^nforcvd from 
SeolUnd vith an army imdi-r the Hnrl uf 
Callendar. llii 'very fair' conclitiunn of 
cnpitotalion ■a-ore rfjtcted on IB Uft,,i»iiJ 
on ibi! following day the lowii niu> slornieil 
with tbe aid of lbf«e thoueand oounlrymen 
wbum Lirven bad prnwd isio hU wnrice 
with their opadee aod mattiidM (Wiimt- 
ucsi^p. 100). ACewdaydaterbervoeived 
ibo nntender of Tyiicmouih Cadlc (Stale 
f<to»t. UoDD. 1614-5. pp. ol. 75. \Ti). 

In January I04<i the carl wm prtaent at 
• meHiiijjofpariiaiunit ill KJmlnir^i, whence 
bt- WW reoiled (o hii< couniand in order to 
YtvrmkX the advaae* of MonlroM fmn the 
LighlaiMla lo the hin^ii aid in tbn wmt of 
Enffland. Lovrn num-ln-d into V\'c*tniuT«- 
laod, but Ibo failurr of tbu Knglitb paitia- 
neni t» ornd him payment fur his anny 
hampered hi> moTementa, and in order ro 
•upport hia armr he waa obligid to permit 
bis aoldiera to plunder the farmer* far and 
MAT. In June he maidied enutbo-arda a* 
far as GloucMUnhin^ and afkcr Ibo hii^M 

defeat at Nawby (14 June) was directed lo 
inveel Hereford. He bad prepared hi» h«t- 
teriee to open Srv on the town when the ap- 
proach of Chnrlee with an annv forced him 
tontiMi tbe*i<«e(WEBIi, C<m7 U'arin JTrrr- 
fitrdtMre, ii. Sfll ). lie n>lr™ii''i into York- 
nhiniaiid joinvd hit forcra to thnw tlii-it nn- 
ffoged in bcflicKintt Ni-wark. Thit Kii){li>h 
boiURi of parliamcul direetod that hudi'Hild 
have chief command of nil thv forcee thi-re, 
botli Engli^ and Scottish. But while the 
siege was tiill in progreea he rccmved orders 
fnim Scitland to return to Newcastle. 

IWnninryditticultie*, due tothenegleiotof 
tlic Hnitliih porlinmnQt, and on attempt nude 
in t^cottiitid to errale another ^cnmlahip, 
eo-otdinate and ihrrvfore conflicting with 
hia own, seem to hsve now led Leven to 

fireM his reeigiiatiott on the Scottish par- 
ismeni. But the latter was not OTepared 
to pnrt with him, and iwued a dectatalion 
statinE t lull nnycommisff on* mated b^ them 
lo other* in no war deropilM from his poai* 
lion ILS fpjneml oi the whole forc^-e within 
and without tlie hinsdom (AcU </ I'artin- 
Htenlt ^ Scotland, Toi. vi. pt. i. p, 411). The 
Eiiglisli psrliemeni sent st lite Mine time a 
tetter of thanks for past services, and pn>- 
mited him a jewel of the raliie of lAJOl. 
(WirtTLiM'ki;. p. ltn>, which was pc«M:ntod 
2.1 Feb. l'U7 (.*. pp. ^31', -JSS, 341). 

LL-ri-n lutd rr^nnWnilb no fiiToar recent 
royalist eiidi-avuuw lo win ihe Scottish army 
to the service of the kinp, and letters fot^ 
warded lo hiis ou the nubjeet he had sent to 
the parliament at Edinbargh. But when 
Chsrleafled to Newark (A May 164fi),I.«nn'« 
olBccrs soon brought him to the general's 
qiiiirlpri nt Newca«tle, iind acting on in- 
niruoiions from Scotland, ]i.<;Ti'n placed him 
in siifu kfcpliiR, out of tho reucb of ' all 

Ciipitrts uud dt'l[|i[|ueii[B,' On receiving the 
iiig Leven iesaid to hsive tendered his sword 
in lohen of submiMioQ, and the king ivlained 
it Hs if he would Bstiune commaiul, where- 
upon the earl maesled that it wore better 
til Wnvr- that to him as the older toldier, r*- 
peciaily b» hu was in command lirre, Ihnush 
m liumblo duty to his niaj»ty. Wbilelcicke 
saTH that Charles waa reorlvcd without ouv 
solemnity (it, p. IfOU). The king remained 
with Leven ai Newcastle until hissurrender 
to the Rn^lish parliament was arranged W 
the Scottish psrlioment in dnntiary Itili. 
Li-ron and other oflic«ra ccm^lontly appealed 
to CIiotIm to lake the covenant, and to tur- 
oitnate. by prudent and liberal measures.lhe 
civil dinordi'ni of his reoltnti. vovrln)' thai if 
he did so tbrv would cliverf iilly sacntlci' life 
and fortune in hit service. 
On Leven's t«tuni to Scotland a large 







portion of llie anay waa ruiiiiui--d for tlie 
Nppiweionof(li« roytiliKtaia tlie north, &ii<1 
hv vae ooiilinui^ iniiU otBce •» loril geoernl 
of ftll tlie forc(t>,wiilia vearlfMlar; of inn 
lllOUMod morlia (nnnrlT&ftOi.Morling). llii> 
BU oxcmption Troin iiclivo uprvicR in the tklil. 
DXoi-pt in «iiei-inl circiiiD.itanccii. An ucC 
Vt* piHifil by Ibu pnilimni-'iit noprovinc liis 
OOniluct uf tht^anuv nt humi.>and lu lin^iuiiil 
and Irpkui] duriii;; tlie put luue vear*, and 
in M&rcii 1047 u jewel of tlie value of ten 
tlioutiuKi merlcfl, oi which noiliing furtlicr i« 
Imown, wu priinii»«ii liim {Act* of Farlin- 
ment* '/ Scetiimd, vol. vi. pt.'i. pp. tl7i-T"T 
pmuim). Till' dcupntch of n Hcotlish nnny for 
the r««ciio of tbs l(io(r. in uceordnncQ with a 
sectwt e^JpKenwnt^uL<lt^bvScutli«ll(!OlDuIia- 
Uonera witL tlie kiii|; ut Onriebn.iolit', uuil in 
wntrmval with a volv of Ibe raujoril)' of lbs 
Sottish parliameDl, met with no npprnTiil 
from Lfvra. Tn thn ilincmtiion Im biiI'^cI 
with Ari^ll and ltii> other mnmbi?ri "f the 
so-ciiHud ' honvst ' or ' (fodly pnrly.' wliitU 
WHS povrerfiilly BuppurliHl by thi? Sooilisb 
oliurvh. lA'vcn and Arf.Tjll drwn- up a 
' pulition of the nnny,' einboilyiiiK llie con- 
l«mion of the cbun-li lliut bi'l'^ire nniia 
should Ijl- lalfi.'ii for th*i (ting's rfiliof irligion 
aiid the covfiiniit mii«t. flrst he icciirnd. 
Kovorlhi'lfiM iHirliiimRiil invittJ l.c-VMi lo 
Kftumotlio active! command of ibe nrmv in 
Enjiland. 'Tlit- old gi-nc-rBll,' wrote liuillii.', 
'foTnllbiHinGrniLtir.iiiaLwplHblL':' but Ilie 
BUae writer t>'pijrt« ibai ibe Diikenf HumiU 
ton, tho Karl of Callcndur, mill nthiTs who 
wcreroremoslin nupportoftbi- rinroci-mirnl, 
U tha Eng:lisli expedition wa« cnlh-'d, ' with 
threats and promino* moved old L«i!ey lo 
lay down his pluce' {Lrtter»,'n\. '10, 4CI. 
Claraiduii saji) : * Hi- wus in Iht^ conniloiici> 
of Argrll. which wm objt>eiion ■•noujih 
ftf^iuKt liiiii, if thqcv worn no olhpr'(//i'ji/. 
lifbfUum, vi. 44). nnnlly pnrlinaient, on 
11 Miiy I6IH, with roncvn-'d i-xpnmions of 
vtueration, rtJii-ved him of hia tummnnd iit, 
it wni fonnolly nluted, his own requMl, but 
decnwd ut (heoatDetime that on the removal 
of this ariayoul of the kingdom, should it be 
neoeuBTj to raise any new forco* for its dc~ 
fnneo, Ijcrnn hy th«< fnct twenmo' lord nenerall 
of thi'sc force*' (^pfjr fif PariinmeHtt <if Scot- 
iand. vol, vi. vl. ii, pp, (W, SS). ^ 

Coii!iH|u«ntly, after Croni well's overthrow 
of thu ^>c<iis under lliiinilCon nt Prestou 
{17 Aug, ItUS), Irfiven had immcdiatply to 
adi>pt vigorous nfforls niid to raUi- ii nnn' 
anny, not only Ind'-find tlincoimtrT Hsiiinul 
Cromvrtira vViid^Btici-, but nlno to pa-rynf 
the rcmnnntii of Iloiiultnn'ii army, which 
were wtuming nud refurmiug iliidi-T his bro- 

ther, the Earl of Lanurlc, fram rHplaeing tJw 
military piirtv in power. Aided bj David 
l.«4li<^'wli(i like his chief bad taken no part in 
tlin ICneagpirn'iii, Tjjvon aMomblod an armj 
nf righl tboiitiini] homir attd fool nt Edit)* 
bur^b, imd ArKi-U'n party a«nmi^ iho ^i- 
vi-nira*'n[. .\ drnutnlioin wm aent to meet 
Cromwtll upon the bordura, and htr wan in- 
duced to visit Edinbur^'h lis a peooeful giient. 
Duringhis stay LevenjniVHliiina sumptuous 
hnni)ii<>t in the castle, 01 which he wMKeeperi 
and nthi<d--|inrliin>Mlu<i>d him with rounds 
of firing fr.iiaor(!niinri> InrKrtBnd ^mnll (Car- 
i.v(.l:, i'roniKfirt I^tlrr* and Spm^*, Nos. 
Ixsv. Ixxvii.l J,Bmlicrt nUo rlntiHl l.M-nn 
{Uitl. loili Ht-p.pi. vLp. !71). 
Leven's rBin»faii-mL-iii in o/Rch ba g«nanil 
waA formally recoffuisi'd by the SMf^sh 

Eurliament, which m«t on 4 Jnn. 1049, and 
e eniiwited lb" iiBrli(imt>ni to apply ti tlie 
ropnir of Ih(i ciMllo of Ivdiiihurgh, which lie 
dtwlarpd was ruinoim and in.»ceiirr, Ibo mm 
of money thnt Imdbi'iMi votiil to him in 1641, 
but WHS still unpaid. U« rcMived sonav 
money, which enaldedhim tocorry out only 
a portion of his Bobeme. 

Wh(o Scotland adopted the cnuse of 
Cliarlefl II, Leven, in Bniipipation nfanin- 
viwion by Crom wcli,wrunEl>i'dtot(iprriaIon<l 
ibi! Icvipji forn nnwnrmy. Ileni^iniKiuKlit 
tn 1» ri'lBOsrd from thi' n<rtive dutini of lii« 
oliicy on Oi'ccmni of his infirmities, imd 
ftirmnlly luid down hisbiitoii before the par- 
liiimfnl and quitted tbu house; but he wa9 
hummoned back and inT'-'mipd thiit, *seoiaff 
hi> liiiil no nble n dcpui* [in Iliivid I*«lieJ, 
thi'y would be Wiri'ful to (ny nn nioni upon 
bim thnn hi^ conid iimlirco, and with which 
bii Kreat nan mi^ht comport ' (lUtfOVa, 
AnnaU. iv. a><, ut»). When, t hercforp, Crom- 
wuU muri'lit-d to wurds Scot land in July 1000| ' 
Leven.pursuini^themititarytacticsoffirmer ' 
days, laid waste the soutliem conntii^s and 
concnntraled liis array in and around ICdin- 
biirgli for di-firnsivv pHrpa(4<c only. tlnr9li«d 
on ntnrvatioii to wcalcen the invndinB fovea.., 
Princr.' Chnrh-n unnn ofll-rrd to Hilly forth in 
perstm and III lock Crorowi-U. but l^evon told 
him if be did so bt- would lay down hU 
commission ( Whitelocke, p, ' 108}. Thai 
plan answered his expectations. After k 
month's forcwl inaction Cmmwell retired. 
Irftvcn and bia lieulonant, Dnvid I.««lie, fol- 
lowed and occupied the pauin> beyond Dun- 
bar, but in the early morninir of 3 Snpt. 
Cromwell com]i1ot<^ly rouf--d the Spottwh 
armv. I^ven iled to Ediubiirgh, which he 
n'ocliednttwointheaftiTuoou; but Cromwell 
wn* at the pites, and he at once ri-moved, 
witli what remained of the nrmy, towards 
Slirlm^. The disitsi^ was laid on all side* 





to bi* clinrg* ; tbdti: iru talk of mjienwduig 
liiiD at onn'; (lia kiag nru for Lord Rurhvvn 
and ih>- kirk for Lord Lolliun (A. p. 4'^'), 
In NovombtT, when the Scottish parliuaenl, 
pRMilnl uvur t>7 Clwriu n in permo, nut 
•t Pertb, Ii^vi-HiMiiimiingfiill wcpoosibilit^, 
peiitiooed tlieni' toiak* pxact tryall of all bu 
cDTiagM in thxm wTpnII nrrncc*, bikI Mpe- 
cikllH> rolMKffTiiiiff tho Utc vnliappio bniQMUiM 
Bt Dunbar.' Tlielungandtbei-itntaiiiiiVJilf 
i-iniipratMiliiintroaiaUcMiBun.'' in reUtioa 
to all kii fomicT impluTmcnlis and tervice, 
with aIDpIt^ BpptnMlioii* for hi» fldetiti* 
ihairin ' (Arit •>/ PaTllammU «/ Srotlamd, 
»ol,»Lp«.ii.pp.«(».fH8,fi-i4>. Attlu-tiMl 
BU«tmgof ibe parliaiDciiit, ID March 16al, 
■tta B«dp ona mtm> effort to bv rdtevrd of 
I ccmDUBd, bat, *> of old. the parlument 
hi* n^iMst (A. Tol. vi. pi. ii. [h 

in IC50 Lvri-D pardiawd the ectau of 

[Inclmianineiii ihv partAbof Krrot nndCkrm 

** Ovwrie, sod cliang«d it« doido to fndi- 

elie. Tbpro in Jun« IG&l, while L«vt?n 

I wiib the nnajr. bin wife died: ebe "vu 

M ■! Balftonic (LlMOST, i)wry, p. 31). 

I AngBct 1A5I LcTcn iru with th« Smt- 

tiah coouniitM ol<at«o»,ftiid wu concerting 

iriih them tDHaram ton ratainga newarm^r lo 

ivliwe Dutidi«, which Monck waa bni*^^. 

On TliarsiUj i^ .\iig. tha mmmittM mot 

■t EUiol in An^f, «h«B Colonel Alurcd, 

yc'ah hi* rr^iDrnt of ho««e and thiwe troops 

of Artfociat, fell upon ibcni niiaxp«ci«diy, 

•nd made meat of them Drisoneta. Lctmi 

waaoarrird to Dtitid««. bdiI lb«nee bj b«s lo 

\ Landcn, wlii-rF hi> was jilarcd in tlii' Towrr. 

On 1 Oct. his eoD-in-law, Itnlph llcluvnll of 

SvBton DstaTtll, obiaUird jxTtniition lo mp- 

hia with Mmn nccPHariiu, while two 

j% bltr CromwDll binwidf mnvcd in th? 

I'XagSili ooancil that the libenrof the Tower 

' thmdd h* i^nuitcd him, and Ilia servant be 

itUowcd to wait on him. Detavall ehortly 

r ■fterwards was permiUedincfirTT thnc-arl to 

I biaown ruidencv in XorttiumlirrUDd, on fur- 

|Viabiag»eeiirili<« in hi* awn pcmm and two 

] nbtii-c* for the >ua of 'JO.OOOf. that thu 

[ Mui wonld confine bimsFlf there and tw^lt'O 

^nilraamund.and othrrwise eurry himaelf as 

I Inio nrinoner of partiam^nt iSiaU Paper*, 

TDnm. 1(161 i.p. 4»1. ^8, J&'i, ll)AI-3 pn. 13, 

Ifi, IT). He paid a rtih tol.ondon inl6R3, 

in order (o r«cover hi" Mlntca, whieii h*(l 

bwn atqiMHtrntidiand hnMwm* nn (hitTiKit 

> hftTS BPMi nftnin trmpoTarily incarcerated 

_.' lUtakc in the Tower. Queen Clirislina 


berth wTot(> to CromwcU pnrinr for hie freo- 

_ don. In liVil be rMovered fitll liliertT, bio 

[ lutda were rv» t and ,M)d li«waxexmipt«afram 

tho lln« which bod beciiirapoi*rclontb«(ilb«r 
8coitiih noble*. ll« retuRied to Ualgonio, 
his Fifnhire leat.on 96 Ma; 18M (LiiioxT, 
Jfimy, p. 7'2), and tpt^nl hia remaining yeara 
in MttliU)- his B^atn. lie died at BalgOtUe 
4 April 14fi31, and was buried on th« 19lb in 
Um dmrch at Markinch. 

A« n ffrn«nl, L«van'« unrivnDod (ix||prienc« 
inipiied eoafidaDOC in his »}ldinni. Ilut hie 
tnaunrr wn* (o unanaminK thnt bin auperiora 
felt that ihej could triut him with atmcat 
diotaTorial power without fearing that be 
would abiue it. In penon be was little and 
CKxAed ; but his wim exercise of aulbority 
won (iniifCTwl Pwppct. The nobles oTSeot- 
land, in >pit« of their jpAloiuips and hauchty 
the b<:(tinnio(; to the end [of the war* la Scot- 
land^, gave u»er tliemsrive* to he guided by 
him as if he had been grenl Sulyman. . . . 
Yet thai wati ihe man's undemanding uf uur 
8cot1» humours thai he gave out, not oulie to 
the nnblen, hut to iwie nieui ^nlleiafu. his 
dir«cliona in it rrrin bomalw and simple 
forme, ns if they hnd bi*n hot tb<i adrycra 
of iheir neighbour and cnnpnnion'tlUiLUE, 
letteri. i. 21», all). Although In Scollund 
Leren declined to aecept aa^ joint command, 
he prored hiinMlf, al the siege of York and 
Marsion Moor, w^illnli^e toad in harmoniona 
oo-op«««tion with the pnrlianirinlary generals 
Fnlrtitx nnd thn Furl of Monclirctor. Thay 
Rourtrouj]]* allowed him to sign their joint 
deapalchcii lint, nnd dnit^aied him 'Ills 
Eicetlenc;,' a lillu uhicli lie hud brought 
with him ftuni liemiunv. Ilia influence, 
eteu witli the Kiiglith genenls, aeenis to 
have be«<n simitar lo lliai vrielded \y faim 
among Ihe Scot tish nobtea. When JMiIauuefl 
t ntr peneralu onpointsorp reiHidwicy, t ho Joint 
committtc' badv ibe rivals lake 'n* an cx> 
ample ibe fair and amicable agreemenl that 
vas between ibe three geunals iit Marvton 
Moor and the Taking of York, where in all 
thai lima they wer« tOKOther there never 
pvv any diapuin nor dimtocM Bbont com- 
mand ' {State PaprriL, Ikon. 1644, poMim). 

By bis wife, Acnes l{e«ion, he had two 
BODS nnJ live daugliters. Tlie dsuchtrni wore 
( 1 ) Itarbars, who married Gencftil Sir John 
Uuiliveu or Dingla^: (2) Christian, who 
niarrifil Walter l>undii»ofDundas; (31 Anne, 
who married, flni, llugli, master of Lovat, 
nnd NTomlly, Sir Itnlpli Delavall of Soatoa 
llclntnll; (4) MarKnrel, who Dmrrifd Jamaa 
Cricht.ju.fimt viscxiiml of I'rondrau^rhtfQ.v.}; 
nndtri)Mary,whomarTied\Villiiini,t hint lord 
CrBnMouii. Hii two aons both predi-ceoned 
him, Ihe elder, auslBvus, when young, and 
tho second, Alexander, lord Balgonie, who 





mamod llip dniighlcr of tlin Enrl of Uollies, 
in IHI-'i. Alcxaiidor loft a son mid Iwu 
dau(;lit(-n, wliu woiv tulcm cbaritc: of bv llieir 
naudtiithtr. Tbp vouusetiluugbt«r, Agncv, 
diwl in inCunc^, and Ml«r tht mamago of 
the oiJinr dnugliter, Caiherine, to (I«ois«^ 
fourth lord, Hft/rrwnr'U tirsi *ail "f Mnlville, 
I>!Vnii cpttlcd tlifi wholiT nf hi* latnlca upon 
Ilia gmndKin nnd siim-Mor, Alpxnndi-r, who 
married in ItloU Wu^urL-i Hownrd, sister of 
OUarloa, earl of CarhsU-. Afti-r Cromwoll's 
death, wh^n Leveii jn-lilioned lli^ Eii|i;li«h 
BarlJameut to exlricnt^ hi« Mtaiet fkim inrnv 
hnavy claims upon (hem arising out nf thi'ir 
WiqUfrtrotion in 10-M, Lovnn rffom-d to liii 
^ndann'* alliiLDCO with nn Kai[ll9.hwoiuua 
na jiiiiifyiiijt n fcroiirablr' ironimeiii of U'ut 
ottsc (ptt.iiion |>rinu-ii iu t'RAeEu's jWWci'Wm 
// MMilf. tiic. i. -ISl'J- 

I^ven i» iiii)irobahly aaid to have niairied 
as hi» nwiinl wifi- Franoes, dauuhlir "f Sir 
John I'Vrrcrji of Tamworlh in SiafTord^hifr, 
nnd widow of Sir John I'likinglon nf WfsI- 
wood in Worcmtomhim ((", EmjUfh 
Barmiflayt, i, ailtl). NeithtT in his wdl. 
which ibciMirl Imldl^xn l')IiU, nor inuiiy other 
documctit whiitcvi-r. is any mfi-rcuce iiiailc to 
such a )ii.-moii. 

Thy uurldom nnd f-tat''«(l«ivtily(id uTion hia 
tnaAiton, Aloiiiiiil^r, hC'cond t^rl of l^vitn. 
but he and bin vonnif countcu both died 
in 1(!84, within it few wwulti of i-iich olber, 
leaving tbrt-o sii-tdy duui;hlcrs. none of nhoui 
KBcbi-il Tbu i<ld>-<)t, MHi^'an-l, 
■uDcevded b>-r fiilber an Coiid1'.'4s uf l.oven, 
and tnsrrtod her cousin, the linn, l''rnnci» 
Uontgomi-riei younger brother of Ali>xnnd(rr, 
eighth curl of Egliuton. Sho died in 107 4, 
ia kna than a year, and was aucoeedod by 
ha youngest siatcr, Cuthorin«, counloM of 
Leren f tnetr aecond aiaier, Ladv Aiiiin, bav- 
loffdiea fint)t who oiil,v9tirviveiirdl January 
IS7IX The earldom of Loven was then 
claimed by Georee. earl oT Melvillv, for liir 
Mcond Ron, Dnvid ^li^lville, a« imt hoir of 
entail in lh>- ti'ttlcmr'nt, made by the iwcond 
Earl i)f I^^vc-n; hul (lie chnnctdlor. John, 
duhu uf ICuiIii'ii, wliux- sei'oiid son, loen dt- 
coawd, had n prior place in the entail, tt- 
Aitted the elaim on the crountl that, though 
he had no eoii^ as yet, he »till might bar*. 
ThvjudgoKof ib<< court of aonion ruled hi* 
contention irood. ltothe)i, however, died with- 
otttamule iicir in HtPl.whnn Dnvid Mi-lvilk 
*bacAine third <-arl of I^vvn. nnd ru be nlU-r- 
wards aUo sutocedt'd Ilis fiithrr an Earl of 
Melville, tb« two titled eventually iretv con- 

JAutlioritin cited : t'raier** Mvlvillw of Mel' 
oand Luli« of Lovni, and aulhotilica thoro 
Cit«d.] H. P. 

LESLIE, AN'DREW properly fiftb, but 
tomrtimn called fourth, ICinr. oi' KoTKEa 
(rf.lBll),wiifl thr'«lde»t »on of <iur.ri[i-, fourth 
eftrir<)-v.]. by bin wife, Arui-* Somcrvdle, 
davglltcr uf Sir John lN)mervillr' of Cambu^ 
Dethati,I.anurlcTihire. His elder bulf-brolhen, 
Normnn Leslie [a. v.] anil Willinni, whose 
lejpiimncv wnt doubtful, wito involvwl in 
ibo murdt'r nf ('nrdinn! Iknion, nnddcclnmd 
reliolj. The fuihKri'oniiei|uentlyn^oenied the 
familj- eatuti-s. which bnd been scllhid on 
Nunnuu, aiid M.-ItU'd them on Andrew. An- 
drew Lenlie bud married Grieel, daaght«r of 
Sir Jauies IUiihIiou of Fiunan fq. v.], and 
Bucliaiuiii »lat(a that the king of'tVance, to 
uKioxv the sujiport of tba Hamillon* for ili« 
to Ilia ion Fmnciii, necured Andrcwa rein* 
8tat«inent in tb-! suoceKiion tu preferenoe to 
lus brother William. Andtww succeeded to 
the peerage on the death of his Ciklher in lfili8, 
and was serred heir on 10 Sept. lAfiO, np- 

fiantntly becauM he wa* really the aldiui 
jgitimnln non (of. ifrp. Mag. Sig, lS16-tU, 
L-ntri«^l3atid ir)4''>|. Tbetwabrothen (till 
claimed tbeeBlatcs, and the dispute waa sub- 
niitled to Qii>.-en Mar^'. who uu lo JaU. 166<l 
decided that Andrew thould enjoy the whole 
eer]doin,and that all ri^ht and title to it 
sliould rtivnrt 10 him on bit infefiin^ his 
brother Williitm in ibx binda nf ('nimi^ in 
theCftrieofGowric. (ln.'IJuiniir)(Ml.\ndn?w 
received a new int'efl nf the eiiridom. Th« 
curl's cliviui tu succeed bin father asibcritTot 

Fife iva> iippoeeJ by Piitrick, lord Lindaay 
of the Dyre^, but the Liiidi^nyii iiiuttlv re- 
signed all tbi;ir claims rrn ID April Iftli. 

itothof i>~Hik a prominent pnrt in the pro- 
cucding-s nf iho Inrdi nf the conitrnjCation 
aduinsi tliec|iieL-n-reKenl,MurTof tlui»e. H* 
wu>> one tii [hose who U!iaembl<;d at C'upiar- 
miiir in June l-Vifi 10 bnr hi.'r march to Su 
Andrews (Knox, i. %^1), and he took part 
ill the delivuroiice of Pertli from tlM Fimcb 
([urritononilw^Cthof tba«amemonlh(CU. 
Slat.' Papi-rt. For. Ser. 1556-0, entry 680). 
lli^ nitnied the ratification of the treaty of 
ller«-ick (liMoX, ii, 53), lliu canlract to'de- 
fend tlie liberty of the Evungel'd'A p. 03), 
Bndlhe'Bookof])iBcipliue'(i*,p. U'li). Aft«r 
tlie return of Ijueeii Mary to Scotland lie 
was chosen a member of the privy council, 
nnd in Si>piombor 1561 thi> (|u«en *tayod for 
nniffhtnt hi* house nl Lc-^ic UaTing joined 
the Earl of Moray and other noble* in op«w- 
iiig the l>amley uiHrriaf^, he wan oompullod 
to luke refu|{u in Un){lund. In November 
1565 he nnd other* wert' ^nnimoned at the 
Market Crow of ICdinbiiryli tn app'-or nt the 
parlinmiinl in the entning bVbrunry to bent 
ihouuelves ' docernrd of tho crimit of loao 




Ui« pnrpMn* of lliit queon tL« rounlrr of 

Ri^wwu tlwnfon! ratoJral on, and Rutlicn 

wu one of tiioM wlio Mgii«d tli« band fur 

tbe munl«r (Otl. Slate Papm. For. Ser. 

IMU-^«intiT 142). n« rMuTOMl to Scoi- 

ImxI with tlw Rcfiint M»r«<r *» iho time of 

■he nanUr, and took pan in iho d^ibcra- 

tion* bnid imnwdiatoly aftcrwartlii a* to the 

beat DDutliodn for rcalrictiiiK tbn powir of 

tlie quoen ( Kxoi. ii. a23-J). AfliT Manr'ii 

wcape lo Dunbar. b(i and olln.-r» liroktf off from 

tlie other lord« (Bedford and Raiidotplitoih« 


pt. i. p. •IJUi J.and hnieaforth h« WM a Bt«adbi(t 

•apportcr of :hrr quun. Tb«ra U no ovidonco 

that hr bod anjreoiuiectiaai with Ui»mtiid«T 

rof Damlt-f, bMt be was a inonibiT of ihu 

aaiw wliicb aequiid-d Boiliwi'll of thir 

Biirder. lie waa one of tlie tiobim who 

embUd at Hamilton in sup^iort of Marr 

et her ■vcap'i frooi l,ochleT«a, and fouelit 

Flbr hrr at Ijioffiido. It would appear tbat 

irli<-n KirkcnMT di^iilrd tn hold tlui caatle 

of K-liobutub for her, Itothia pmeovdcd to 

Pnuioe to rrpn-nrnt Iipt oa*u Iherr: for ^a 

:iO March l&iUSostcx iufomiHl C«ci] tbnl 

^ he had retaned out of Franca with awiu^ 

I'ftaoa of aid from thai ooaalrv (Cat. Statr 

tl>ap*r», fV. S-r. ISeO-?!. *ntfy 7751. On 

\14 Jan. 1.*71 h>- wnn mpnrtnl to bi> in tbn 

' eaMlo wiib the captain {it. lAOA), but in 

Augnat tn was won nror to tbe party of 

Hortnu f Caldekwood, iii. ]3o>. In Uecvof 

bi^ m''} li« ollt-rwl bis wrriceu a^ inter- 

mnliary with Kirktaldj of Orange toairauge 

[llUUia ID* lh« aurrvnider of lliti CAiil\e {Cal. 

■ Paptri, Vat. *>r. I.'i73-1. entry 6118). 

!btt OMMiatioiu nroTRl abortivn, and l>niry 

•twTM that ICotlm bad rather Kivra thi^oi 

' aBcotiT^efiiuiit to bold out (ban ndriacd thorn 

10 um^ (ennH ( ib. ikM) : but lli« priv^ 

> aouBol OB 9 April \h''A declared (bat in hu 

raMlJB^ and irvatinu with tlie defenden he 

[bad thronelioiii ar(e<l trulj and honourably 

I(Jt<yf- C*""-"- -'3). Holltw WM con- 

— nadinlbr full of Morton in 157P,and wa* 

I of IhiM! wlio on |.i Mar \ti7'-f^ wnitpd 

(ImUih (o ulilnin the itclitTrr of IW cTn*tlFof 

I (MoYWIB, Mrmoirt, p. o). After 

tbo agTBraMfnt of Morluo'd «p]><jututii with 

Morton at Falkirk. ItothN waa iiouiiuu<-:'d 


nllalion of ditf-'n'otwn {Rfy. P. ('. .*■■ f ' . . 

36; IkliiTaie, p. lt*l. Ilcwiwononf ili> .i 

.ibr tbr trial of Jiorton in l&Sl, ami t)tut 

liDcnnvd th(- (tiffina of fiivdins Morton triiiltr 

M the iRiird«r of Daratuy.or which he hail 

Iftrmarij found Bothwell innoceaU RoUiea 

VM one of tbe noblemen ajipoiBted by thii 

kiag ta 1A83 to remain witti him at St. 

Andrews after hi* cMapr frotn Falklaitd 
{Iby. J'. V. ikott. \i\- 571}: Moiaie, ]>.4ft). 
At a (Tont-ontion of «tai«i on 7 Due. ba mva 
inaprot««t that, alihuu)(b he had with oUiom 
?igii«l a declaration JH»tifyin|C the raid of 
Ruthven, Xtn bad dotiu ki only^f the kinjj'e 
oommand, and not tn inkmi of tii» approba- 
tion (Acta FVitl JSew*.iii.ail ; fty. P. C.SfftL 
iii. 611). lie waa onn of tli" principal anp- 
portcn of Arrttn. and wa* tn tlic cantlc of 
StirllnKwilb the king and Armn in Octolwr 
16M wh«i it waa >eiwd by the boniahed 
nobles. On 'iT July iaS8 he waa ap^oint«d 
a member of a Miininis»ion forexecutinetlie 
laws against JMiiii* and pnpiiifl {ib. ir.SOO), 
and on 31 Oct. \!A)A n-n> ftpjiointod a man- 
bar of tho comtniMion for the trial of the 
catholic lord* for theiriionnuction with tbe 
■ Spaniak tnoaon ' (ib. t. 109). Ho died in 

By bis firat wife, l^dy Griael Hamilton, 
tie had ibree toiw ( Jamea. matter of Rotlua, 
wliopredecpiwedliini; Fat rick, cotnmendator 
of I .indorvt ; and .K ndrcw) and two duieh t era 

IKiinhnmia, marrird to Jatnca, acvffith lord 
.iniiiay ; and HIiKabctb, married firat to 
Mnvid. son and heir of Sir John Wemyu, and 
aecondly to Jaine#,ilm oar) of Findlater). 
By his second wife, Jeaiudauchler of Puirick, 
lord Ruthven, aim r*Iict of Henry, teeund 
loni Melbiif-Ti. b-< bad twn dnu);btors: Mor- 
pttt^, mnrri.'d to Sir William (■unninsliam 
of ('nprinKton ; nnd Miiry, to tho first Lord 
Mi^tTiUe <jf itaitb. Uy hi* third wifir, Janet, 
daushler of David Dutie of Diirie, Pifcahirtf, 
Ue liod ibreti aona (George of Xevrlun, died 
without iasue, Sir John of Newton, nnd 
Robert) and •i4ie daughter (laabel In, married 
to Jamea, roiuler of Sinclair). 

iniiloriN '>f Knox. Buchnonn, I,Mtl*, and 
CnldfTTood; HUt. of Jiinuath«8«xt(Bannatyna 
Clnb) I Sir Janiio Melrille'a Momoin (Baatii^ 
tyaeClub); l«rdlIcrri«iUemoin9 (.iblwiirord 
Club): Mortic'* >Iaincir> (Itnnruvlifiio (Tlab); 
Cal.^laI*P'il>'r*. Scut. Sw, ami Kor, .S.-r. ; Heg. 
F.C. SroLl.TtiL.,i.-r.; Col. Hatflpid MSS. ; ni»l. 
MSS. Comin. <lh Itip.; Colonel LiwWii Hi»- 
torloil Racord* of the Leallo FHmily. ii. 1*-»% ; 
DooKlai'alkDUiih P»i^e(Wo«l].l T.F.U. 

LESLIE, rTLMtl.KS (Iim0-17a2), non- 
iurvr ond ponirovpr^ialiM, sixth »on of John 
(laushtur of Alexander riiiininfrfiani, d^auof 
I(apitoe,waBlHinial Ihiblinon 17 Jiilr I<^. 
Educated at Riuiiiihillen school nnd 'frinity 
CoIl«|te, Dublin, whrnt be i;radiiati.'d M>A. 
in IftiD, be studit'd taw for some time at the 
1'iimple, but look hol^ orders In I66U, and 
ucnt to midn with hi* eldnr brother, Ticar 
of Uonagh, Klonaf[han, at th* bmilj aeal of 
Olaelough. Un IS July 1686 ht na pr*- 


ferred, ihroiigh lti« influuiw^ of rhc ICarl of 
Clarvii'loii, lo thn chnnwIlorsUip of Connor. 
& (iloci) of man' lii^itT tbnn (imulamonl. lu 
luS' lie hnld, in BWiwiT lij Ihv cUailvngv of 
Pntrick Tyrfcl, lliu recenlly in<-™t» J Ikiiadii 
CBlholie biiliop of CI«i;)u.t. publii' •linnitit- 
lioiii Willi aome of ili« Ttomaii cacbolic clurgy 
at Muiiii(;lii>ii Atiil Tyuaii. A» chairmnn nf 
quurlt-r #i<t«ii>iii> fiir ca MoiMghan h« com- 
miclt-il tor (Xiiil>'inpt 'VVIlliun BuUn, tliv 
high sWiil'noniinntc.onhUrnfuting to tntii' 
tlM 0>llu> of office on ihc! ground lUul he vai 
'of Uia idas'if rdi^ioa.' He olau triei] aud 
eommitted bime miUt&tT oiKoera for acts of 
pIlMfTc. Till* ajipe&n to b« the only colour 
tbei« i» for Biiriiel's Rtalemsnt tlint lin ' «-ii> 
tb« fini nian that Vsanihe vrar in Ireliind' 
(Own '/"(W, ii. MSI. lliiiioviUly to.Intnis It 
ninurwKl uni.)iiibi!u,[indnii tin- rovolmionlK-' 
Mfiuwd to tahv tbu itatlis, wn.* dqirivud of 
hi* chnncnUnnliip, and Tvmuv«J to Luudoii, 
wheni hi! uui(.-d ae cbaploiu to ilio Eurl of 
Olanmdoii. and ofllciated oecasionaJly nt Ely 
HouM) and oih<rr nlaoea frequented bv non- 
jnron. In 1001 kt> ivturaed to Uloiiloiigli, 
ikod viTole his firtt. worii, ' An An»wnr to a 
Booliintitnl^dlbn^tntDof thi^ Proiiilantiiiti 
Irotand uniWlho lain Kiiif; Jnnies'sCiiiTcni- 
n»nt*iii"i> Kino, William, Hi5i>-i"3i'"|. It 
yn* publi'bcid witbiiut Uomibu at Loudon in 
I69U,4to,aiidlliougb anonyaouawasat oncu 
wcribod to LmIii-. Writtea in n *trongly 
parlisHU fpirir, il wns trvntod b7tlw ffivern' 
niifnt M a lilwl, Ulniiloutili wm M»rehad, and 
llic mniitisiripl di-troTi^^il in I.o»lie'< ttiid}'. 
]ti> liimM'ir.biint^rer, ctmldiic)tbafcmiid,a]id 
tbo pnici'CKlint,-* we™ allowi-d to drop. In 
ItJtUt be viailod St. Gennaiu8, and ubtainwl 
from thi' l'ret«ad«r tlie eoitgf d'ttire for tli«i 
flonaoomtion nf tlie nODJurinB bitbopa (Mxe- 
PBSBSOX. Or^. Pnpfff, li. 38a ; Bori-.n, Petit 
SUUe, xii. (t!t3]. On iii* roMirn lo ICn(r1nn<l 
entitlril ' firillirnin Itpiiivivn*, or MurtluT 
will 01"!, ke. Me'mg a. tru^ Afcinint of llie 
I)n Wittiiiit of Oleiicoi?. (InfFn-.-y,' ii-., Ediu- 
biirnh, Itiidf, lio, Tli(>i<Hm)>1il«>t i^-iivi-elli" 
old rfcirv of William'" compticity in ihe b»- 
MMinativii of John cln Wilt, and iniinuntttf 
tbat he WU ftCMMOTT aflor tlii'> fact In tlio inw- 
KuUmwutionaf (iafn«y by liurdl'oninRiibT 
in 1690 [«« Cos [Xttsny I Thomas. Kari.]. fi 
il, liovrovttr, oiw of tbu pTiiii^ijml uiitlioritivs 
»r th» Ikots of Ibi- Ok'ticou maH^ncTO <««« 
SlAOltrur, HUIm-<i of Ri-jland, iv. ifl.t n,. 
8voy TUereisa reprint nf itin'A Collection 
of Trncta written br tb^ Author of "Tho 
8nak«in tlio (itnM," A: c, London, I73(), 4tci. 
Frnm tbo klnsLMlia tnmod lo uttui-k thu 
wbig divinnn Biunct was found guilty of 
Sociiiionitm in ' Some RoUeclions upon the 

SL-cond of Dr. I{inii«t'« Four Discoiineii eo«i- 
I'uniiiiji till- Divinity and Death of L:hii4C ' 
(IWJ, -Ilii). luid pilloripd or • turncoat in 
'Ti^nijionL Mulnnturi or th<! KT«»t Cbangv 
from .a-',K'f: in thaTrnvuUof a l*mfi>s«or of 
Theology ul Olatgon- frum thelVimiiivsaBil 
I''.pi»eopnl Loyally throiigb Italy. Cionvra, 
I'hniwtira-Prt-Intico (.'oloiir* at Saliabnry,' 
lllS-1, III) (n-prinliid in 'A Clioic? Collection 
of Pnppw rclntinR lo State AffiuM,' 1703, i. 
I7'i el m-q,) Till<il»on, or milicr bin mt-inorr 
—for lie «'fl» jtut detid — wai eriTi inorm Wt- 
terly at lacked in 'Tbe Cbar;;^- of Social an Lun 
a^aiiut l)f. Till4t9i.<n ci'iuidered.' With thia 
iracl wer« tv]jriiitvd ihtt ' Itefteetiuui' ii]hni 
niinwt, and a 'Supplnnicnl ' was u'lded* L'puv 
Oppaiion cf a II iM-iry nf Kolijjinn Inlelv piib> 
linhi-d, Siippnsmlliibowffnii'livSirlE IT d 
[Sir Knbert llownid (Hi2«-I69«), a. t.] 
Wherein liliewwa Olisrlts illouni'a GrMF 
IJianaiscoiuidcred.and both compnrnJ with 
l)r. Tillotaon'a Sermons." Kdinl.uriih. leS5, 
4to. A funeral emnon on Ibu late quvvn by 
Slivrlock, vhoH dsAertion of thn uonjuna 
IjMlie ItMmlv rcsmitnil, elicited from liim n 
■aram diatribi', ontitlod ' EUnurks on aomc 
late Sermon*, and in particular on Dr. filier- 
lonk'a Sermon nt the Temple. .10 Dee. ICSM,' 
1805, 4to. In liWtt he publialied ' Now or 
Never: or. The Last Oaat for EnuUnd, 
IhiEubly oddreMed to both Uoiiam of Lord* 
and Comraoiu,' 4lo ; a plea for paaM witb 
P'ranco, mid the evacnacioa of Eagland faj 
Willinm's formgii lmo]M> 

About tliia tima Lwlio lodgpnd witb a 
quakor, whoae coiuiimptivD wife be nRor- 
wanht olaimcd to havD converted ' to l.'brix- 
tionity ' Bhurily before lurdeatb(»ee.;l True 
anil Aullifntir^ Acrounf ^ Vtt Qntav^n t^a 
Quakfr tu CAri'tianilif, nndfi/kfrBthttnoHT 
on hfi- DrrtfAfrftl. 1.,oiidnn, I7''7, i^vot. Here 
be mnd" lhi> neqiiaintanc- nf IVnn and ntliM' 
lenilina I'Virnd'-liutroiild fi- n»lhinaiatli«ir 
mynlicnl doctriwi of tbn ' light within ' b»it 
' blujibt-mou* prido ' and ' idolatry.' I'enn, a* 
a .laeobile. he spared, but in lUOli be attacked 
Iiti co-religioiiiats b ' The Suake in i bo tinM i 
or Satan Iranslbmied into an Angel of Liclit,' 
London, Svo. At the eame time lie took up 
the cnd)(eU for OeorfTO K>ith<lS.V)«-171fi) 
[q. T.l iiRninit Tlioma* lillwood fq. t,1, nnd 
m anticipation of a promi.vKl attaclc on Koitb 
by Ueorj^^^'hit ohuod, in ' Salon Diarob'd from 
hit Dit^ube of Lif bt ; or tbe Quaker*' Loat 
Shift to cover ibelr Monatroua llerMieo laid 
fiillyop«n.'London.le90,4to; :2ml edit. ll>08, 
4tn, This he followed up wiih 'SomeSeaton- 
nbl ■< lt»flectioaa u pnn I bi< ( J uaknii'aolenui Pn>- 
tiM^tAtiou aniinat UiKirjic Keith'c Proceediitn 
a(Tum?n'Uall,20April 1 097 .'London, 1687, 




■Ito; tad ' Prin)iliT« IIvrMi« ICcvivei! in tli« 
tailliMDd rrnciw^ of tbeIVipleall>^ Qiia- 
krr*.* witb ' A Km-ndly KipnttuUikiD wiili 
Wm. IVnn upiia oocuiinl nf hi* rrimitire 
CfarittiNiiily,' Londoo, 101)6. 4lo (nprinlLHl 
with the prrndiafi Xnet in ' Five OiieounM 
by till! Aiitb-Ti-'r ■■ Thp Sn«ke in llieGnliti,"" 
Ijondon. 17U>>vo). lfi<aIso)iubliBli«daneir 
ejitiini of ■ Tli>- Siinbi? in tbu GraM,' laivvljr 
nrwritirn, Triili ■ pivlaci' on Madame ]joii< 
ngriin. wboM> cnlnii^ium Ii^ Miuelil to con- 
lect with iiiuk«ri*in, and a i<i]i[tloniciit in 
mni<«<T (A Wliiti-bFadV ' Aiilid'>Iv k)pun>t 
llio \'<-itomi! of Ibi! ^ii*k« ID tlif lino*,' &«., 
London, lOWT. Svo. A lliird eiLiion. H»l*. 
Aro, elicited a ilipiiiGrd rrjilv from Jcitrjib 
Wyeth, ' Aiipiis Flup'lialu': i'>r a SwitL'li 
frif lb* Sniiii-,' Ixinilon, ItWC, «in>. Ij»!in, 
howi-i'i-r, Wl (Iki lit«t word, and a vi^rr loii« 
and ftronz on'', in ' A l)rfnnr» of n Hook in- 
tiliiM "Tli'Siukp in ibr (ImM." ' London, 
iroo, dvo. »ud ' A Hitply to a \innk imiiiulwl 
*• Anuui' Flujrellntu* . . , ^lK■wlni■ tliil tUi' 
Quakvn nru i>taiiily Bclf-cmJfmii'd iti tliio 
'tlirii' Lad AnswiT. And ihcref-'irv it i« to be 
bnji'd dial tbi« will iiut an end lo lliat con- 
trnrr«v,' Ijcinilon, IiOS,i^to, 

All tlii*whil<i I.oill«luii<ll>rpn tkirmiihintt 
Ti(f •fi^ii'i'r in <Ii-f-*!iei! of ihi-MnrramMitc. Iti 
ItkiT \>r [Hiblidii'il ' A Diicowrw- provinjitlii? 
Diriib) InslilulioD «f Wali-r iSiplijm,' Lon- 
doBi 4to. In till' prcCaoi lo tliis Inicl Li.--lit» 
I that Mdy a year'a Miwly of it bad suf- 

'Utied tomovcn an inveterate mal«quak«r. 
It wu follownl by ' A DiaeoiiTM SMwing 
who tbay an> that arc nnw qualify'd to ad- 
'vtttr Baplinn and the l,Ard'a Supper. 

^Wharaia Iba auao i>f Kpismpofr it briclty 
ttvaivd,' I^ndon, IU8S, 4lo. iWk tractv 
«r«c« npniil«l in ' Htv DiacoiirMu by thit 

.AlitliOTor"Tbi-6na](u in tbe Orus,"' l«in- 
D, 1700, 8ro, and ibu fonMT acparaifly iii 

[1707, l.otidoa.4lr>. LMltefnTtticrdisciiuud 

I tbe maltM in 'A lieligioiM Confvivnca b^ 
nr**o a MiRift«raiidP£n«bionaroMic<«niD^ 
tbi' Prucliwnf ouf OrtbodoJt Chuicb of Eng- 
lanit '"• Ui-,\\izti and ConGtsiaiin>n. Witha 
\iii . :~ :h«L«wfulnii«a"f f-lodfathen 

and' . m and of tbc SatT*d Order of 

BUhopa,l^nd'>n. ia91<.evo; nnd'TbeCoso 
of iSurrticiiin Jlapttun. In wbirh is «bewii 
' at soliiaiuticln ouglil not to b^ aduiittod 
Oodbllien and Oodmotbcn in thn 

rUlaialTMian of tbe HtAj Sacnininnt,' I^n- 
don, 1701, 4to. Tbe followia^ mi«c<'Uanra 
nbobalon^ hiibauBiaiNiTiod: 'Thn History 
of Ka aad 1I«pmm attMnpt<Fd,' London. 
1008. 4to; 'A Paraltl bctwci'ii th« FoitU 
and iKHMiinn of ihit procant (Jualccn and 
lh*l of Ibe chief Meivlicka in all ah'ea of the 

< Cainidi,' LoBdoo, 1700, Jto ; • An Caaaj con- 

cvTiiing the Diviof liitrlit of Txihi-*,' Loailon, 
1700; •Tb*l'rMPEil SiHo oi" (Jiiakcrimi in 
England. Upoa ocva<)oa of tbn rrlapan of 
Satn. Criup [one of I-rfulie'* eanT««it] to L^u*- 
Ivrium,' LiiDdion^ 1701. 

Nor wan LmJii' an urMcciipi*^ wilb tie 
nuaJcer aa to iM^lMt tlie deiat and llie Jew. 
Toa Udy friend,' who bad b— o i iae jUTo d with 
tbe argunenia of d«ian> avon lo dutraclion,' 
bewToia alettorcontainiaf a brii'f >uatnary 
of ili« aTidoarfU of Christianity, aa he coa> 
cfivod them, ' pnttaiW with htrr tocopr it in 
l>er own haa^' aud thua uMabUtbed bur in 
the faith. Thu tigument ho publiabed, re- 
laininff tbe epiKolaiy tana, hot aubalititting 
'air' for 'madam,' aa 'A Short and I-^ia 
Method with the Ptitrta, whertda tha imth 
of tlw Christian Religion i« domaowtratod by 
sueli mica aa ataiid upon the convictiian of 
our outward Senaei. and which kre incom- 
natibli- with the FaWooa HiMoriea of the 
lli^athen UeitiM,lhe Deluaions of Mabom«rti 
or nnv other Imposture whatsoever. In a 
Uit<.'rtoaFrientl,'I>oodon,10B8,8To, That 
audi viut ihc origin of thia edohralcd argti- 
iiK-rit I^uilie himutlf atataaffmifiinfian. ^ 1). 
It ha* Iwn coiijwlured tABt ibv lu'Jy waa 
n tisin of llrniy Hyde, tecoDi) warl of 
I In rf II dun. Lady Franooa Keightl^v. who 
n-.-ni iiit'i TriKai at Glaalong'h in ISdS, in 
n-hlcli caae ihe Rrst draft was probably mod* 
whilo X.nilie wa« nill in Iicland; ^ut of 
lliUlhero i» nnprnof 'iun> under KKIOIIILBIr 
TiioKAn. liir>0?-17Ifl"i Oddly onougk, Lea- 
I ie'ii own account hits bcoi spt ande in mtomt 
of a irnilicion wbicli niakiM iha Dulceof Leedl 
thi' ]ien>on fur whuw t>Mi«4t Lealie wrote 
(•Ml A Short and l^jy Mrthod iHh the 
Drift*, kc, ed. Joae«, Iiondon, 17W, d. viii, 
and A Letter ti> a JVoW* Htjx on tir lu- 
' nntronrtiUt TntlH of Chrutimihf, Snd odi- 
tioD, Lofldon, 180S, p. xiii). A companioa 
l^'atiun njrninil thn .Irwa. cnlitlrd 'A ShOR 
and E**in Mntliod willi thn Jews. Wherein 
the cartainly of ihu Chrialian Religion ia 
damoiUtTBtvd by infalirblu proof from tlw 
four rul« madi.- u»o nf Hiniiut th^ Doisia,' 
datnJ, with dramatic propri^»ty,onCJoi>d FVi- 
(tny. appi-ured lhi> Mni» \<fw, and both wei« 
nprint«d iu one volume, tendon. 1U0I>, liinio. 
Tlin ' ^[l^tbod with tlio Ikiala ' ia aothine U 
not biatorical. The mlraeloa are aunpoaiid to 
vouch for tbe doctriiM, and ba in tli«ir turn 
viiiichnil for by confonnily to four nd« of 
hisloricnl eTidnncp. auth conformity being 
BMiimod Euilicii^ot to provf the truth of any 
liUrifRd ' mntItT of fact," hnwecOT eitmordi- 
nary. The ml*« to which tlw mimfuJom 
namtivM in the Kriptiirc* in Ijetlir'* view 
conform are : ' L That the mntter of fact bu 
aucL as that meii'a outward nunina, thitir eyea 

ksd t»n. mn; be jii<l|[r-i of i1. t!. Th&t jt 
be done publiclj in th-! fori- of (Ik- wmld. 
9. That not onlv public mr^tiuiiK^titi he kppl 
up inmtmiorv uf ii, )>ut buui-^ '.iii|imir>l hcUoiia 
to bv [ier(brni«d. 4. Tbal 4iir)i mcnumnni]) 
nnd sucb «ctioit«or«bMn'flii('-'>bi- in>iitiiiiii, 
und do commenoe frnm ihi' limit llial Ibc 
mailer of fact ynu Aaac.' Tlw nrg-tiineat in 
\u oriyinnl i"hapi> in rcry lumclv «tntoil: a 
fnw of the OM ['■■simoL-nl mimclcr* cmlj- are 
diKiuucd in dL-tnil.and theCbmtittn iiiiriLclt« 
ON merely refiTTM to in g«nenl Ii-nii4. He 
argue* in a c'ticln at evfrr turn, and the 
monaauiiial and ct-rvmonial evidencii wliicli 
be adduces to nrovu t)ii> nutbvtiticity of tbo 
Boriptun« nally pKsuppow* tbcir nutlieti- 

Tnc vicioHi pitcle latiTRt in the orij;iual 
draft, of ihi! "Mctliod' In-came patent iu a 
* Vindiottioii' of il. publiiihi^ iu aoBwi^r to 
Home criticiiiraB bv IjtcJcrc and Tlrifoe (fw* 
SibU-jtAryue Ch-nnf. \'w. 3SH-«, and A Detrc- 
tien «/ thf TrNf Meaning ohiI Wifktd Dtti^ 
^a llrmk intituld A i'laia [*icj nW /Juw 
!dttlv.d ailh tSf Dfutt, London, 1711. t*vo). 
In llip 'Vindication* LmIii.' eiplicitljr «•• 
siimiia tlin nutbetiiicilv uf tba raoords, and 
nrnn Irvnts i1ii.>m lu ibt principal part of the 
'iDciDunii'iilBrtvidT'nci-. Even to, howwvor, 
hi' full a to briti^' nivro than ■ few, nnd ibose 
not tbf iH'i'i iinportnnt.of tb<i niirnrl(B under 
hU 111'' four niW. Witb tbi» i m port ont mod i- 
Hmtion, nnd tlin addition of tbo nibsttuice of 
iho ■ M«thod with tliu Jow»,' lie republishud 
tlif arKunu^ta iu tbi> shupn of a dialogue, 
under t be title 'Tie Truth of C1iri*lianitvd«fi 
moii«trated,'T/)ndoD, 17ll,^>ro: 3iid (Hlition, 
17i!6, 6vo. An nnpandcd * Diucrlntion con- I 
ceraing Privntci Jiidgmont ' is an nrniiinciit , 
for tho wo media, (Siorwardit e.\pun<)ed in 
'Tbo Oaau »taled botwwii ihe Cburcb of 
Rome and tJie Cliurch of England,' Ijoudoii, 
1713, 8vo (we infra). , 

Notvitlialaiulinrit* ineonclusivpneM. tbo 
' Motbod with the T)«i»to ' sufficed to convert ' 
OborW Clildon [q. r.], whom LcmUo con- ' 
(tnitulatcd upon llicr r^vcnt in a letter dated ! 
July 1"(H, and tirat. publisliud in Uildon'a 
' Daiat's Mouuul ' (liOfi). It lius iiinc« been 
reprinted in «ome of the aumeroiis later edi- 
tions and abridgmenia of the ' Melbod ' and 
'The Truth of (^riniiiiiiity demonslral«d.' 

Thcqucitionortbo truR rclationii of church 
und *lat«, raued in ita moit acute form by 
the coiUvCnitiDn uf tho nouiurin^ bisbons, 
woa didcUMed by L^lie in ' the Casu of tbo 
Regale end of tbe Poniilicat (nV) steted,' 
Newr-yaar'a dav, 1700. His theory, which 
inuka the culminntin^ rxiint of ICu^liili 
HLCerdotalifm, representji tuit itpiNcopatf and 
epifcopally ordained viirngy as a *piriliinl 

powtr co-ordinate wilh tbit Irmpornl pow.-r, 
Bud B»*ociaied with it in a fedcml union, the 
rptful lupremacy in matte™ eccleuastical 
beine tivHtvd B9 a uKrre derivative from the 
papal usurpation. It was answered in ou 
anonymous tnct entitled *Tbe lie^l Su- 
pminHcy ill IviTWinAtip-iil Airiiir« iiuuir1«il,' 
to which !x»liiT>-p!ipdby r-'iiulitifliin^ 'The 
Caao/ with a nipplumcntary defnntn i>f il, 
hroocbinir a project for a uiuoa of I lie Ao- 
glicnn and Ooltienn churches, and a pretiice, 
'wherein ie abew^d that thete is no Dancer 
in a««erting the divine and inherent riKbls 
of tbe Church,' London. 170i', Svo. 'The 
Ca«e'thu*r«!latvd wascuiamini'd by )(allli«w 
Ttndal [q-V.l in "The lliRbt* of tbo Christian 
Church, 170«, to whicU lA-ilic rgoined in 
varioiu aumbcn of 'The Utliear«d' {Nov 
ICS et aeq.) During the tmetariau inov«> 
ment 'The Caae' woa repnnied, with the 
onuMiou of iIm preface and suppl^^eul, 
I.ondoa, 1888,8yo. By wny ofcoiinUTrblitK 
to Dennia'* reply to Saclii'v^ri'irii ■"rmon on 
'I'olilicnl Union'{^*pe Dmxis, Junx~, I.ordio 
publiubcd ' The New Ansociation of ibooe 
called ModL-rule-l'hurch-Man (tie) with the 
Modern Wliij^ and Fanatica to undermine 
and bluw up tbe pn^seut Cbuiwh and Govern- 
menl. Wiiha Supplement on occasion of the 
New Scotch Presbyterian Co vonanl,* Iiondon 
nnd Woslmiiiet.r.'lTft?, 4to; 4lh odit. 17(W, 
This violi-nt ullnclc upon thn diMaiit<«ii and 
their sTTOpnlbiiew helped to briaR Ucfoo into 
the field will] Ilis ' Sbort<"i Way.' Leslie 
replied in'Tbe New Asjioeialious. Part II.,' 
Lundiiuand Wes1uiiiisl«r,li(l.'!,4lo, in which 
he denounced aa a new ' {ire-byt*^rian cove- 
nant' some reeoliilioiis of provincial Scoltisli 
synodi, nDiiMerling preobylerinn principle* 
nn occDnion of the RcniNiion of (jim-n Anna, 
and con*uf<!cl Burnet for a tiaMOR^, which h«i 

fi^ofc•*od to have ai-L-n, In bin a* yet uiipub- 
abed' Hialory of my (iwuTiinc.' Aiiappon- 
dix, entitled ' A Short Account of tbe Origi- 
nal of Goverutueut,' is a firxl and very rotigti 
sketch of Leslie's political philotophy, mttar- 
wards clalmmled in ' Tbe KebMJw] / To an 
ononymou* critic who dnmunvd to tho doo- 
trinoof pOHive obiulienci-' he replied iu ' Cb*- 
eandnt (but I hope nut) lellinK what will 
come of it,* London. I7(M, Ito, 

Amidol ihu I urmoil of political con troveny 
Lenlie slitl found time to demonstrate tho 
wicltednes« and disasinms contsqiiences of 
mixed marriages in ' A Herman pniaehed in 
L'btMcr nsninut Mnrriaffiv in diflarent Uoan- 
muniona.'i<ondon,17tiL',Hv«; tocontribateto 
Samuel Tarker'n Bbridced trniulation of the 
' Historia Ktcleiiastica of Buauhiua Painpbili 
(1 70S) 'A Diaaertatiou conceruinii; tbe Vw 
und Authority of Ecclesiastical History,' and 




ui wriui an oUbovaM let tcT to Bouuitt on ' Tbo 
Tni« Notion of tli«CatlK>ticChurcb'(<Utinl 
:MSppi. 17U3), ]iriDt«l in I7D<> iu ' 8«v«»t 
L«4ttTi) whbcli Mwnl b■^tWM1l Dr. Oeoigu 
llidtea aail ■ P^ib^i IVImi' [«** TIicsM, 
GeoaaxX A »i^-vctt at Ituroet m apE>aiilion 
to the bill agatnu ooMiiooal confbmtt<ir dnw 
Araot hiiD »n iroaioil puai^lct cnlitliMl'Ttiu 
BUliop of Silwbunr'> pvpcr DcGeace,' Lon- 
4an,li(M>4to. In naMOTt o( the bill he wrote 
'lite Wolf Blript of nuSbHpIwnl'BClualhing, 
in uitwcr iual«t« ML«bnt«d Book inliiuW 
"McxlenttoD a Vertae" [we Owkx, Jihb*, 
ia54-i;oil], wbetvio Uial)Mi^of tlio Dih 
wnl«ra a^nirt iba Ckurcb ar« laid flptm. 
Witb (lie caw of OcoMional (^nfonnity con- 
•idwn>d,'&c, Lo«iidaa,1704,4To. lIi?nTiunt«d 
lo (he chu)io in the following yi-ur in ' 'Fbe 
Principles of the DiMWiWrncoiicvriiingTole- 
iktion anil Occasioual Oonbiniuty,' Lundon, 

MMOwhil*, in August I TIM, lie Iiad «i*irtMl, 
iaoppowtUm to Tutchin'n'Obaerrator'and 
t JMbr • * Ilevww,' k penodical entitled ' TUn 
[lUheawl.' ItwMpablubialBt fint weclitj', 
raa8*tunUjs.Bftrrwaniaou Wciluiudav alio, 
klcginnins witli 10 Aiiril I'UO. Thv title was 
r^rittwcd fn>m ibi^ wcll-knowti plav by ihe 
[CNllle of Biidun^fa«Bi. In form ■TI19 lU- 
"— — 1 ' wM • Itvely dialofriui brrliiiion lin- 
r and Ofa*orvaUr or CounirTinan, and, 
rh laifcnly oecapied with ranttcni of 
ny vphutseral intenai, aHordod iiMlie 
l^aoope for a Eaniliw expoeitioo of hi* views 
on •erioiu nuiten. U'a criticidm of Locke's 
'TrmtiMS of Oovcmment,' in which bo ex- 
[ f OBW tke onhijAof ic«l jliaractwof tlwir fuiida- 
^mnul vtfamptitiat, may Mill bo read with 
iitl«t«M. Hi* own political philocophjr, how- 
vTur, which i* dcTclopi'd at ftPMt lenfrth, 
U aerclr a mudilitai ion of thJe natriordinl 
I tlwan- of Sir RrArrt Filmer (a. t.] Tindtl's 
|*Bi£Ua at the Cfaureh' and the peculiar 
■views of '^«giU> Coward, and Dodwell on 
IdMtli and imiaortality an alM disctuMd in 
[drtail. 'rhcUntniuDborappoandamSBMaiich 
^17(V, and tbc outiro icnM wu thon mpub> 
■■der the naMidoBjra ' Philaleth«« ' 
rand the title ' ItchenrMl. A View or the 
Tfanw, their Principle and Proetiotw,' Lon- 
don, l'(M-t>.4ioU.f<>L Itwuanapenwcret 
LUuU Leslie wm the author, nitile »till 
with 'Tlia lUhMFMl ' Lealia pub- 
in 'The Socinita Oontronnf di»- 
■'d in lis ]>talogiiM,' Ijondon, 1706, 4to. a 
Tinplr to Uiddk'a ■ Brief IlittoiT of the Uni- 
I taiian*,' and recent worlnof altkelendeney. 
~ . i* a fomal defimc« of Atlianaaian Trini- 
■, feuoiM priocipalljp on the uiter 
''iBCampreheaaifaUttjrof tb«diTinuiLaiure. To 
•UiOarM br ThoBW Emlyn [q. r.'< Le^e re- 

i'ainod in an ' Aiuwer,' which olintod fimai 
^mlrna'Vmdicalion.' Tnan'KxuninUion* 
bjr Emljru of his vinwA ou theatonement, and 
lo an aoouution of trillieism brought urinal 
him in John Clendon'» 'Tractattu Ptiiioao- 
of tho Vi'otA I'onon,' Loalin publi«Iwd a joint 
answer in 1710. Mranwhilo b* carried on 
hi* i-colesiBatico-political warfare with hardlv 
abated enein. lti.>ujiimJii lloadlyV ntlack 
on Biahop BUchall'a accMiiau-dsj aermon 
(8 lUrch 1703-9) ■ On the Divine Inslilution 
of GoT«rmment'oiiciiMl IVom him an ani mated 
cnnnt^-BitacIc vnlitUtd ' The Boat Answer 
rrnr wumodn. Addmunl innLt-ttnrtolhe 
MidMr. llondlj htnuKlf. liyaStudi^ntoftht 
'IVmpIv',' London. 170W, Eva. Hcuidir rupUod 
in K * Pottwript ' to hia ' Ite|>l>- ' t<i llUchall'l 
'Anawer'(Ho4iii,i. U'orkt, 1""3, ii. 180). 
LMlie r^oined in * Be»t of All. Being the 
Student's Thanloi tn Mr. Hoadlj,' London, 
1709, 8ro. Tolliffli'n.on the poblicaiionof 
hii * View of the KuRlish Const it ulion,' he 
addrvawd a eontrorenial letter, in which ho 
aiii-mpted to wre*t the fuels uf history to 
the iiippurt of the theory that ' Uod made 
kiiiKs and kinn made parlianumts.' This 
bi> rntitl^il 'The Constitulton, hawt, and 
(iovLTiiiiK'nt of England vindicaKd,' London, 
170(1, Svix Incanicd byaome pointed nfer- 
ences to himself tn Burnet's mnech on thn 
impoachment of Soohercrell {IttHuch 1710) 
and his eermon in Saliaburr Cathedral on 
'27 Maj fi>l)owiug, heulTi-cieiliUuna former 
occasion, to tTMt as spniioua both speech 
and sermon while causticallvdtssecting them, 
aniltinblished ' Tlve Ooodofd IWiwo, or Ljring 
ill Tniih,' txindon, 1710, 4((i. Thnpamphlet 
a)>p<an)d undor the pwudonym ' MiaodoW,' 
hut its anihnrship wils ut i>iiL>e detected by 
lloadtv, who in 'Thu Jacobilei Hopes It.— 
vired,' &c., chargvd Leslie wilh mniiiUining 
that the queeD was a usurper. Iimlie rv- 
plied, somewhat faintlv, in ' llriiucoup du 
Bruit iMiir un« Aameletti>i or. Much Ado 
about Ai>lliin^,' London, 1710, Hro. 

A warrant wa*iunna(UTa*nrilii(Julyl7!0) 
tsauad for hia apoNheasiun. He found nii 
asylum iRahouse i)eltingim(tuFrant:inl.'lu.>rry 
[q.T.JatWhitcW'aUhwii, B^rkshiiv. Here ho 
fTSTCtoUigden and Hoadlv wliat be ivclconod 
'The Finishing Stroke. Boinffa Vindication 
of the Pat riardial Scheme of CrovenimeDt in 
Uirfenoe of the IteluisranU, Bmt Answeri 
and B«st of All- \Vh.-fein Mr. Hoadly"* 
Examinstian of thia Schcmu in his late 
Book of the Original and [nsiiiution of Civil 
Govnmmont is fully Coiiiidcr'd. To which 
ntv adiled Itemarks on Dr. Ui^deii's Isle 
iJcfence in a Uialogu«< Iwtweun three H.'s,' 
London, 1711, 6vo. This is probably the 



moM pUiuible preMnUiion fvpr iB>d« of the 
oUar farm of uw patriuduU tlworT of tbe 
Mttin of govenuiMnt. In tbe ^titofru«, 
whicli U Immonxid}' dearribnias ' ADtliie 
Baynl bL-twivn Tlinw Coelu of tb» Qua«,' 
JSioden (imI IloxUy ue vdnrcl«retl^ |ihy«d 
olT waiiut v«ch oUiM , aaa Hott^iiioi, who 
SMIMS for man in the tappoawl dale of 
IMttint, usiai^t bpth. It via* b1«o nbilc at J 
Whit* A^ altliaiD that Irfslk nublulied tbe { 
' Vitidinilion of ihi- Shnrt and Easv Method 
irith tbi: I>ri*t»,' and ' Tile Truth of Chris- , 
tiaDitr ilimoostrat«l,' whicli nrv datml * frota 
mj TuAcultim. All Saints, JTIO.' lie k- 
ntaineil there il'ugnueil in re^meiitals until . 
April 1711, whcD h«iiud»hi* MeapstoSuj 
Gerninins, whlthor ha hfought • neaaorial J 
oi) the ■lati' nf jiutio* in England and tli« 
prrwpoctn of thi) Jacobite cao*p, wbicU he re- 
prosi'iiIiNl ID f![tn?nielv taiouralilr if an amy 
wcK at uuce- landml in Scotland. He also 
advised Ike Pretender bM to d'uMtnbla bia 
relijfion, but to protam h(in«»lf opra to con- 
viction (Si:ciit:r*x, Li/' »f Rstitrt Srltiat, 
p. 71 ; MACi-imimv, Orig. Paptrt, il. SIO). 
Lculin aftMTTnrdfi w-tunied to Knglnnd, 
whom ho piw»d tindtr ilie altm of Mr. 
■\VhitiT, and publiiJied 'Noluntl Itcfiecli^rus 
upon tlif Pivarat DebalM about Peac« and 
War, in Two Letters to a Member of Ptu-lis- 
natit frombisStowttidinihoCoiiiiiryi'ilaintl 
iiMpectii«JyDeeeinb(irl711 and March 1711' 
1712, an nrj^ument {at ncnM. Ha va* aim 
fnpposed C« le ihr nuilior of nn addren to 
the quwn pivji-'nted hy William Gordon in 
D«ct}Diber 1712, in which Rb« was congiatu- 
lst«d upon tbe menrity irbtcli tlie cbani^ of 
ministry had brouubt to tbn principla of 
hwaditary right (Botch, Pollt. Stale, iv. 
S37). In Auinuit 1713 ho Kpuiml to Itar>- 
l»>Duo bytlio invitation of tbe I'n-tc-nder, 
vko KBri! liim n place in bis IkiiimLoM. and 
prODUSed to liHton to 1iisar|rumeiil»in Tavmir 
of the Anglican clinrth, n nrouiii^ vbich, ac- 
cording to Boliniflirolie. ho iJid not kn^|i 
i/Wfcr to Sir Willitm If'indRain, L'ud edit., 
700, p. 1S4). I,rf«llf. hownvKf, continued 
to bn nctivo in bis iiiicrMt, and, wbi-n i1il> 
expediency of requiring his expuliiioii frum 
Lorrd&e and of seitin^ a price ujionhinhcnd 
was disonwH in parliament, piiblielied 'A 
Letter to a Member nf Tarlinm-'nl in I>on- 
d«n,' dBtiw! 33 April 1714. in which hn cnve 
Hut Prrtt'ndrr an cxcclknt charnctiT nnd nt- 
prawntpd him a* inady, in the erc^t of hi> 
iwtotMion, to make Certain conceHiomt to 
tibo Anglican churob. He also piiblitJied two 
other ninniEwtoes in his favonr, vii. u !ett«T 
to Bunicl on his sermon before O«or;w I 
of :il Od. 1714 (■ Mr. Lesley to the Lord 
BitJiop of Sanun/ dated Kov-yeafi day, 

l71o), and a letter to the Anglican demy, 
ootitlod 'The Clinreb of Ensloiid'e Advlee 
to her Childrwi. and to all King*, FrinoeSi 
and I'otcntalia,' dtted JU April 17]!}. 

Ledie kIm published whib at Dar-I^-Due 
■ Tbe CW Stated bMwwn the Church of 
Rome and the Cbttrcb of England,' LcouIob, 
1713. This tract baa bom altributiid to Na- 
thaniel Spinc][<i«[q. v.], bat internal eriduice 
— tbn argumnnt it EiibiitantiaUT the aamo as 
that of tbn ' Diurrtalion on t'rivuie Judg- 
ment and Authority ' — ptunts to Leslie ni 
tbn author. It wan examined by an un- 
known writer, who signed bimsoU' .K. ('.' in 
' Tbe Case lUuialed .' TO whicli lyMlie n'^oin'-d, 
OaH Truly Statt^; wbercin " The ('Me Kc- 
stated " in f iiHyooiwidcmi,' Londin. 1 7 ll.Svo. 
Afti-r thp KUpprescian of the rebellion Leslie 
Mcompaniod the Pretender to Aiignon and 
Itomo. His lul elTurt in his iiilerMt waJ> 10 
pTOGurv from him and cireiilst/' Rraring tli« 
Anj^ticau clingy a letter pleil^'iiig him, lii tlM 
OTCOt of his TMtoration, to maintain inrio- 
Ul« the rirhta and privil^t^ of tbo church 
of Engisna. Ilia Uat puUteition* were two 
iMtcr* relating to tbe contrviveny on the 
nngiia iniliatrd by Jerwny Oolliw 'a, y,\ 
rix. 'A Letter from Mr. Le^-lie to his FnenS 
against Alterations or Additions to th« La- 
turgj- of the Church of England,' Ltsodoik 
171$, 4to, and ' A Letter from the Rcrerend 
Mr. OhatlM Lealie coocnming tbo Nl-w Se- 
mration' (addr«a*od to .^Ir. 11., t.r. William 
mnf7«r[q. v.l). London, 1711), 4to. In ibe 
autumn of 17^1 he iwtumed to Ireland, aikd 
died at OlaalouAh on 13 April I72'J. He 
was int«Tt«d in Oladough clmrebyard. 

Leelie married, soon aft^r his nrdinntioii, 
Jane, daughter of liJchnrd Oriffith, drnii nf 
Roe», by whom hn hud two ncini, Kobcrl, 
who Hitcccodcd to tbp (ilnilouch iitate. and 
Henry. Laalie wn>i<'nn<^iu'yiuid livelyatyle, 
bad tome learning and wit, nnd more scurri- 
lity, and was adroit at logical f<Mice. He wim 
a nioit uiupsring eoiilroveniuli^t. Swift, 
while proreR«iiig abhorreiici.' of !ii« pnliticnl 
principles, warnilypraiwd bi» ien-icm toth* 
.Vnglican chnrtli. Johnson dp>nlarml liim tbe 
r.nly rnnaciner nmnng the oonjuron, and ' a 
rcaioner wlio wnn not to he retuoited against' 
(Sinrr. iroir<j,od.Scnit.iv.S17-H:BoswKi.t, 
I,\fe nf Johnenn. ed. Hirblifcli Hill, iv. •itu\. 

A collective ndilioa of Leslie's ' ThonIi>- 

fical Works.' publisljed hr snbscriptinn in 
731 (I.ondoii, 2 vol*. foJ.^. wn» mprintod, 
with a brief tketch nf hi« lif.- and an i-n- 
gravinz of bi« porlrtiit bv Wrluo, at (l\ford 
in 1834, 7 vol*. Rvo. A' rrpriiil of the ' Ki*- 
hcanud,' wit h ' OiuMuidrn ' and lomeot ber mia- 
ccUanee, and an engraviogof the portrait by 


^^Hpilrln«, ipprArnl at txmilon in I7ri0, 6 vols. 

wriiiaga haw tbo ■pp>M«d from tuu* to 
tine, u wbidi tli« pnnripal va tlw follow- 
tag: 'The Short luid Et,tx Metbodwitli Uio 
IMIU,' Edinbinvli. K3o.'^\u.LoiMk>a.l71S, 
6*n ; ed. lUadolpk ta ' Eocbiritlioo Tbeo- 
lotKum,'Oiiori,\T9i.Sto; in-TI» Scliolar 
Armtid Bnintt tbn Ivnora of tbe Tcrw,' Lon- 
don, 1795, leoi), ISU, 1630; 61-0; nLJonn, 
LiMkdon, 1789, ISmo: od. JockMA in 'Tbo 
Cbriatian AnnM *|i«iiirt InfidelitT,' Laudan, 
1(*37, 8vo ; wl. L'minCT in ' The Cbiidjan'a 
AnBuur sfjtiiul Infidi^litv,' GUs|p>w, 18S7. 
Ubki; 'UeumlMateii; orUieTruiborChrift- 
tiuutfDtaioiMtniadbjlitl'iiUiUe Proof fraiD 
Toar Ralm whidi uv inMn[wtible to any 
laqioMim tluttcwipOMblybo. In • Letter 
to a Frk-iid,' Landan, 17S£, 8to, Ihtblin. 3rd 
t. 17&M7nM;'TbiiSho«nndlJurM>-thod 
iih the l>eLita: loKcibiw iriih the iMiiM 



iv. 104). OUii«>r FtHDcli imuiUliatu at«; 
'CoaflelWuaiutnitioadelaVthl^ duGbti»- 
ti«iuSDM,' Para, 1 831 , 1 imo, aad ' 1a> IMisBia 
rtttttt nar um HMbodo CoaK« rl i-'adle.' 
Pan*, 1637, l^mo. Thiiv i> nlwi a vcrwaB 
in ijpaniidi, ' La Verdid y la IKvinidM! 
do la Helitpon Criatiaaa danoitradaK al 
akaaoe <le todoa, por la RealKlad do to* 
l[ilafroa da Blois^i y dp JiMucriato/ Bo- 
gota, 1608, Svo, aud aiKiihi-r etitiiUd. ' D«- 
iiin«iracion de U Wrdad do U IMifpoa 
Crixiana,' 1663, t2ino. Of • Th« SboA ud 
Vjvy Mntbod with tbn Jvwii' fvprint* ajH 
pcamlat London in 1737 Sra, 1756 ISmo, 
17&8 liiuM: in 'The Seholar Armed,' Jte., 
rol. ii. London, 179G 8vo, 1600 Svo: aba 
ixadet the avnHcm of the London Soejety 
for ProoaotiaffCfaiiMianitj anons' tbe Jews, 
London, 181S, 8to, and of tbe Society for 
Promoting Cbriftiss KBOwMp>. l^viidon, 
}»:iS. ISmo. A ropriat of tlie ' Com of tbo 

from the Atttlior to a Vtitt [Oildoa] upon Itrsalo nndortluoPanlificatflRted.'withlho 

U« CoaTeraion by reading bis book and ibe ' ■' — '-- -- • '- — 

Truth of Cbri>tiutityd«inanainted,' Society 
Ibr rroiDixiii)r<^liri«titBKnowledg(i,lMidi>D, 
■"■33, 1965, ISoio; thp rant* («xcnpt ibal 
, _. ilv Astnciii from llw ' LctU* ' am eiTen) 
witb an ' Intn<diirtorv Ruay ' by David Kus- 
•«11. Edinbuq:!i, 1&;W, 12mo. Abndf^cnU 
' bolb tbo * Method wirb tlie Deittji ' and 
■Truth of Cliri»tiaaily demuoBlrati.-d,' 
Franci* WranKliam [q. V.j, appMrvd at 
"'^ in 180^. and wttni ivnriMod ■emretely, 
I in ' Tbo Pleiad ; or a SotM of \bridpv- 
BU of Kv«n IHrtinfCttiabod Wrii«ni in < )p- 
'tiea to ilie P«mi«iotu I>i)otrin«« of Dciuu,' 
9,8Ta,aiid by the ItolifponaTtact Socictv, 
1830, li*nio. Other abridrmenU of tlio 
•Slwrt ami I-^y lletbod irith tht DoiMa' 
«« ' A Letter to Noble Duke on the In- 
L-rtibl« Truth of CluistiaBily. With 
lUon to the ihilco of IjMdt, 3ai edit, 
don, !(***, ISmo; ' Tho Tmth of tbo 
ifAvrt iUMorvabridtrnl from .Mr. Ijvlif'a 
t and l^T Method,' London. 18W(F>: 
Jio** Four Marke. An Extract from that 
katborn Work ootilM ''A Short and Easy 
Iwtltod with ihoDoirta. DIiistntttHl by lw^> 
■" «LSir I-~ Denny, London, 1^74, 
10. An Aoarriean edition waa nnblislMil 
111 17^4, and reprintfd at ^^'iBd•or, Vor> 
tt. in 181:1, l:!mo. An nbriilj^Mit ap- 
I in rulOf:<l(-n'«'Aiit!di>tA(oDriam.' 
, iL X<"ir»rk. V.S. 1703, A Ft«acli tnm»- 
lion, villi iliEbi varialione, iras iiublidlied 
a pootliuuniM irork of the AbWSaiot- 
lal ao 'MHhodoCoartflctAiAAepoarcom- 
axn ]«* lMi»»«»,* inhi« ■(]:uvr»e,^od.l75", 
l«<).,anidlnnt[pnui?iliD France for tbe 
w^inal (•«• Oiofrapiie L'mrrr»eUe, 'Soinl- 
BMl' IIllUll, l4t. ff Etrnpe, od. 1639, 

nmiviion of ihu prdaoe and Mppleroeni, ap- 
peorcdnt London in lt^3(^8TO. 'TUeChnreli- 
miui Armed ngainst tbe Errors of tbe Time.' 
iml. ii. (London. 1814), contaiiw a reprint of 
'The Case stated betir«<n ilui Clinrch of 
lloinn nnd tho Chnreh of KnglamL.' of which 
nn abridgment appmrod at Gdinburjch in 
I8:L'> under the liiU ' A Short Method with 
I he KomanUts.' 

[ Ufo prWIxed to Oifonl tjll. of I.*>i!*'« thaa- 
IngimI woHut; K. J. LMli«'« Lifrand WritingiGif 
rhirlci LmIid, 188,1 ; Leslie'* Life and Timea of 
t:u' !(i(ht Berorend John LmIio, D.D., IS3i,p. 
28.^ ; Cotoonl L«ilia*« UitC Reconle of the Fani'y 
of LoiUb. iii. tii^: Hin. Kt^-. tr£3. Chron. 
Undunttn; Blog. Brit.; Wopb'b WHtet«a<lt«- 
laad, ed. UaiTui, i. SSJ -, Notilf'a Couliooation of 
GnuiKBT'i Biog. nist. of EDg^ftnd. od. tSOS, L 
HO: Wood'a Athcnrc QxOB. (t. 447; Oottoa's 
Faali Ecrt. lliUrti. iii. 3S9,aei; CUtMdan and 
Roditetcr Coimp. i. ATT. >>. 379. IIT: Hist. 
M3S. Oonin. Id Rep. App. I IS. ^d Bop. Af^>. 
3S3.334.2)6.!4S,lllhB».App.»l; IlMma't 
OillrctioMt ed. DoUe (Oifotd lliit. Soe.), i. 30, 
40. !,-,. 334. 343, iL 4^ lAl. UU7. iii. SR. (1. 221 ; 
I.u-.irr1)'> Relation ofStata AlhiriL ri. 4(0. SOB. 
6ir>, S'j; i .Somer'* Tmm. viii. tS». 04;. 070; 
B«raBl*a Oun I^in'.>. fol. ii. 4SB : MncpherMn'a 
Otik. Papers, ii. 134. 174. 310. 2I.V 4)0-1. 4IS ; 
'nudal'ii Itnpin. Ii. 347 e.; Hoyer'n Queoii Aiin», 
1T3A. p. 60*1 Siunrt l^Ip^nl. fil.OloviT.t. 24 k., 
37 : Nicholj's lit. Anted, i. I9S. ir. 80 ; Uih- 
IjQiy'a Qiit. of lh» Xonjaror*, 246, 193, tSS; 
S«cr«t Memoir* of Uu.Iu-Duo from the I>MCh of 
QaeMB Adds to the I'nmdI l^me, Dublin, ITIO, 
Note* and Qneri(4t lit mr. it. S24, A7A: Abbev 
and OmTlon'* Roclitb Church in tl>« Etghlaenth 
Centarr; Stephan'a Hid. uf Ensliuh Thought in 
the EisntnnlliCMitQry: Wilton 1 Minncnrs of ths 
I.ifD .uid Tim** of Oauol DnToo] J. U. R. 


ldOfli,[iiuDtcr,wu tlio oldnit Mtiof AmericAn 
panmu. IIU fallictj Robert Lwlic, n per- 
final fri«ni] of Benjamin Pranklia, wns a 
cluckmukur, of uxlra^ifjiuan' iugrnuily iu 
iiiatlit.-m&tic«, wlio ill I7VS, in urd^r (o iii- 
creue bi« biuinoM ciiiin'ctioin!!, came from 
PhiUdwlphia CO Iiandon, whtuw CharlM wu 
born on It) Unt. 17lt4. A >Uti>r, Kliu l^jUio 
(1787-1858), who rotnaiaLil in Amerien, wm 
a prolific mUoelUmeoiu writer (wv Apr Lcrox, 
£Va/Mi. (/ Ameriem Bviff. iii. (I!«I). Wlion 
OEarlM was about five yeiMs old, hi* fatbar, in 
oonsequencfi of tlie dmtb of lus partner, Mr. 
Price, naurned with hi« family to Pbil«d«1- 
pliin. In tbn counc of thn ro_v«g« thay bad 
a fisht with a Kiench privai<^, and bad to 
put iiitol.iaboii.wln.Te I bey spent the winter 
whilu lliL> &bip was being repaired. RnlxMi 
l.esUe died in 1801, wilh lii& allairs riubur- 
raMed by it kw*iiit; but ihrougb ibu hiitd- 
neM of ibn pnifoMnni nr tb-> iiiiiTeireity of 
Ponnnjlvania, Charlm and bin brothiir wcm 
ablo to comploto thoir eduontion. l<'rani bi» 
cHtdhood Letlie bad ahown a di.'cid«l inK'tit 
for drawing, but hi> motheT wai tou poor 
to p«ruiit of liiH ttaininu av an urtint. and 
be was apprvulicod in 1606 to Measra. Brad- 
ford & Iii^kt'ep, piibliahan in Philadeljdiia. 

A porlrait of (Snorao KrcdnriKk ronki- the 
actor, drnwii by tho younjr appn'mim from 
Bieaiorv,nttrnclecl tboftttfiiliouof Mr. Krnd- 
ford- It wd.i Inkuii to tlie Kvclinni-p CoITpc- 
bouse, and iu u few boura LutJie'd (Atae wa» 
niread among the weallliiest merrliaala in 
tlip city. A aubwription, headed by Mr. 
Bndfonl, was at oiico rairiHl to enable Irfi^lie 
to study iiiiinting for two yi^an in t^ittvipc. 
After a few Il>giuiu in paiuliiig (liia lir*i) 
from n Philadolphiau artist nainud SiitJy, bi? 
sailed from Xew York with Mr. Iiiski'i-u na 
II Xov. Isl {.iirriviiiirin LiwriKiril on^i boo. 
He bore with him Ipttwn of iiitpiductioa, 
and vru kindly rociiviHl by Bonjamin Wrwt 
[q. r.], tiie pronidrnt. "f tbn lloynl Acndnmv; 
n> vru nt oner ndmitiad ns u Aiudcnt iit tlii< 
Academy, and ibrauifU Weni '» inliuunce wa» 
uUawed at^cuHi tu tliu Elgin niurbles, llii^n 
deposiud in a temporary building in the 
gSHMUofBurliugtonlloiiMi. iloandonother 
young AmnTicnn, Moni>, who \iaA lodging* 
with liim in Wnrrnn Street, Vittroy Hfjunnt, 
utii'd to iiiidy thrm from nix to right in Ihc 
morning, uftrr n Uaili in tbi- .S'r|ii-niine. He 
nlao KlLidiL'd iho Towtilvy mnrbli-] in tbu 
Brtltsb Muauuin, and «ucci'(^di>d iu carrying 
oil' two nilviT mudaU at (he Aendcuiv whoold. 
Ueaooabocamua«iiuainti>d with AlWonnnd 
King, two Aninrican artiste of fomn atnnd' 
inff. I'Vom AlUion and Weat bo rffcivcd 
initruciion in painliug, and through AlUton 

he mad« ibn ncquain lance of Snmunl Taylor 
Colnridgn, wkotn Mcicty aidwl in thi^ rapid 
devetopmunt of hia miiid. Hu was fond of 
reading and the theatni, and deluthtcd in the 
acting uf John Kemble, Mta. addons, and 
llaiini!it«r. He found congenial fellowsliip in 
tlie society of his feUow-Oountrymeu, Wash- 
ington Irving nnd Nvwton. Thc^ bad the 
*amr cirvln o? anjiiaintancM (cliiaoy Atnori* 
can), nmlfora timothethroepiaanllTdiniHl 
together ot the York CUop-hiiuiic in W ardour 
Stt«et. John Coniitablu aUosoon become an 
intimnti.' friend, and the group, which ia- 
cliided I'L'ler Powell, who lived with Leslie 
at ft Biickin^hnm Place, Fitiroy Square, 
formed a merry crnipnuy. 

l,eil)Rs i-arlyand nuturnl ambition waa to 
■ucceetl in who! woa Colled • liigh art,' and 
aftera few portraits liPiinintud' Saul and the 
Wiioh of Eudur.' whidi was cqooted at tlw 
British Oallery.butwasarterwards purchased 
for one liiindrod guineas b^ Sir J. Lmcesler 
(Lord duTabloy). ThosubjecUof iwoother 
irnrly picliirv* w,!ri- " Tiratin ' and ' Ht-rfiule*,' 
but the Unit which was e:tliibittid at the Iloyai 
.\cademy was calicd 'ilurdcr' (Itsl.'f), a 
terrific scene of an uhMstin stealing from a 
cave at midnidit holding a drawn awonl in 
one hand and (a# he himself describes it) 
' his breath with tbi' other.' In 1^1-t he ex- 
hibitiid a portrait of Mr. J. 11. Payne (the 
American ortor and dramiiti*!) in the cha- 
racter of Norx'ul. and in 1HI6 'The Death of 
Rutland,' in which the curly-headed rouug 
Edwin I.aodseer [q. v.] Sgiirfd hh Hut land. 

In l^il7hewent to Paris wilh .\llHtoti and 
William Collin*, nnd while there painted 
sflmn portrailsor.\ini'ricjiu frinnds. In l^ll) 
he risiti^ Ilawli<b and llrmoulh, and in tha 
following yeur exhiliiled 'Sir Roger deC'over* 
ley going to Church,' the lint picture in which 
he shoicod his spt>cial vocation as an artist. 
It bad an immediate success. It was pur- 
chased by Mr. Dunlop, « weoltliy tobacco 
mcirehani (wIknw constant kinduoas ho owod 
to his Amwican eonn>}Ction), and a rttplicK 
was iiainted for the Man|tti» of Laiudowne. 

Al luis lime I.L'slie was much Occupied in 

of N'ew York ' and ' Sketch-book.' lie also, 
in 1820, jwinled Irv tug's portrait. In 1831 
he exhibii«d till? well-known pictiim of 'May 
Uaf Revels in theTimnof (JutscnElisabvth,' 
which was ri^ited twice; in the courae of it* 
progrecvi by Sir Waller ScoLl, Sir Waller, 
to whom he had been introduced iu the pr»- 
viona year, sunected tlie introduction of^the 
nrcher^. In the same yoar Lealio wai elected 
an ouopiatc of the Uoyal Aoadwny. 

nil next picture of note was 'Sancho 
Panxainthe.ipartmeut of iheDucheBa'(ox-> 





Iiibitod 1631), in vtiwh hit racy but refiaeil 
liuinourfint bad full wofie. It wm T«pt«t«d 
four tiiUFi (Mr. VcniOB a pictui* is now in 
tbe Naliooal Oallery), bul iho liidurv of 
1^4, llic &nt Bod bt6t. ilioii|;b sot tXte 
iMtgau, WM painted for Lonl Kgrvinoai, uid 
b now at Iwranb, Sumcx. with four otktrr 
fictmn» hy I>m1m> which won; ■tXcrwurd' pur< 
daacd bj tbe Mine patian. 

In ISM be w«ni to ScotUnd with Edwin 
Tilmlwi'ii and viMtfd Sir Watirr Scotl nt 
AbboufiMd. UiiTv b« [uiiiitvd Sir Waller's 
jmrtTatt, aod abonl^ an«Twarde lie made aix 
tDiHtnUoaa for the WatxrWy noveU, wbicli 
WM« angnvtd. In IN3A l^in rpmovwl 10 
the bouM in St. John> PUim-, Litton Grove, 
wli««« B. H. IlBjrdon fq.T.j uainliil 'Chriiil'* 
Entry iniojpriualeai, and tJiactlyiiftriwanti 
he Kianted Miaa UuTi«( Stone, it' whom be 
hadb««n<«ing«df6rM)aieyear8. 8beliBdbei.-D 
iaUaduMdby btm m hisflnt picture of' Sir 
Bogvr da Coveriey ' v m ytoman's d»a^tOT, 
The Boxl jrmr (aw him ■ fathtrr and a Itoyol 
Academician, and bi> life bcnaflor was aae 
of cniutanl domt-itic bappiocn. Thinycorbo 
naintvd ' Don (Juiioie Aoiiig Ptnanco in the 
Sierra Hoieua,' for the Earl of Eatex, and 
kbnuE itn' Mine tine hi« diploima picture, 
'Qutm KathiMinif and her Maid.' In 18S9 
aun* hi* eoKiod picdirr of A<ldwon'f> fomoiw 
coantiy K|uitc, which wan called 'Sir R(w<fr 
de Covpflc* amouf; (lie (iipiiei,* and in ifel 
be eihibii«l hi* inimilabU- ' L'ncle Toby and 
the Widow Wadman,' 'TLe Dinner at Mr& 
Pftft IloiMe,' and -Tlie Taming of the 
SliKW.' Tboorigiiulof theflrat piotiirennd 
iraUcB* of the two other* weni p<iini«d for 
Mr. 8h««pahan)tK, and an now at tb>' K«ut.h 
KMMmstoo Moaeum. 'Thr Taming of tlm 
Blmw, Off 'Katharine and I'elmchio,' wm 
painted for the Rarl of Egrt'iiiunt, and cliiefly 
•t Petworth, wlierr the artinl and bisfomily 
paid yearly vJHts in the ttiinDinr. Duiing 
ita comfCMition be rpr«iiT'<l some vnlaable 
hint* from WathinfCIon Irving. In lH-t3 
Lnlir wa.1 indacod hyhi>brolkrrtn.\nierira 
to accept (he a|>poinlnBent of icoeber of draw- 
ing at tbe Military Academy at W«rt Poinl, 
an th« lludeon ifiver, but after 'ix uiontlu' 
trial Bl the instance of lii» wife be rtrlumed 
toKnirlnnd. In leSAl^lietxIiibii^d 'Gul- 
livrr'f Ini roductiorn to th«Qiic<>n of Brob- 
dinjcnae.' jwintcd for ibn Karl of E^mont, 
■nil ' Ciitiiuibut and tho Kfr^,' paintnl for 
Mr. U', Wrlln. In IKtucame'AiitolTciiB,' 
and in It^ST ' I'l-tdita,' bolh pointed fur Mr. 
8heq»bank« and now in tbe South Ken- 
^ngfm ^luar-iim. In 1638 Leelie was anm- 
aoned to Wiadaor to paint 'Thn Qnent 
IMM-ivio): tho Sacrament at h«r Corcnalion,' 
vbich wai followed by * Tb« Chritt*'iiing 

of the IVinetw llo^al,' 1S41. The formnp 
picture waa not exhibited till 1813. the rr*T 
of ibe ndniinible ttene from the ' MaJiuIe 
Imo^aatra' (now in the South Kentiintflon 
liluaeuD), and a lawe picture of the * fudge ' 
«*«• from ' Till- Vicar of Wakefield.' tlie 
onlv aar bi^ painlnl in ilhinlration of flold- 
amiib's mAilcmrcc In 1tU4 bo oxliibil«d 
a ' Scene fmai (■oniiw,' wbirb was afUrwarda 

Eainieit in fn-sco in ilii-iiuvilicm in Bucking- 
aiu PnUtv.- Onrdrnn. In lfM& he nubli^ied 
' The Sl^ni'jlM of John dmslabte, K.A.' In 
ims i^-t\U- (ciicc«eded Howard as prolevMir 
of paiiilin^al iLio Koyal Acudemy.aiul l>waa 
to deliver the wriw of Incture* which alter- 
wanls farmod the (iibttancn of bia e.icelUnt 
■ 1 1 andbouk for Vounc I^inten,' publijihcd in 
1H5.V In 1M2 hi«delicat« h(«llh oblij^ 
liiui t'l tvftifni the jirofeaaonhip of painting. 
In I^irilie exhibit!^ another' SuncboPauiii.' 
bin liuii picture twat * Don Qtilxole ; ' in I8li0 
' Hennionn;' in ISS" 'Sir Roger d?Coverley 
in Chnrrb:' and in 1K5D ' lln|«pur and Lady 
I'prcv,' and ■ Jcanii- DmnB nnd Ijuwn Caro- 
line. He died in .\brrrom I'liicp, St. John'a 
WwhI, Ti May IfW. the dnv after (be Aca- 
demy exhibition wiuo|vueJ. His death wot 

baalened by tbe elioci received by tlie lou 
oTa daughter (Mr», A. P. Fletcli*r) «honly 
after hnr marrins''. 

Ili> ' .\iitobin(rrBphical RocollerCionn,' 
edited by Tom Tnvlor [n, T.\, wc-ivniiblished 
in IW15, and bin 'Lifuof ICeynoldn, which h» 
lefV unfini»lied, waa completed by the umn 
writer and pubtiahcd in 1WI6, A collection 
of thirty ot bia works waa exhibited at ibo 
Uoynl .ieadom; in the winter of 1870. 

l.cjJif> occamnnnlly pninlHl n socne fnim 
scripture, as 'Martha and Marr' in |K13, 
and ' Christ and bi« Disciple* ni i"np<-ninnm ' 
in 1843, repented for Mr. Ilmry \'iiiigbnn in 
18fi8. liiB Berious u'enot fnitn Shiilieiipi»r« 
also, like ihow from ' llenrv \'III ' and the 
' Winter's Tale,' which be I'luinted for I. K. 
Itrnnrl tlie enginew, have much merit. But 
it i> iih a hiimnroiis illustrator thnt lA«lie'B 
spei'ial merit ns an artist lies. Ho threw 
himielf so completely into the (piril of hi* 
aullior. wbelber Cervantes, Sicmc, Addison, 
Shahenpeare.rir Miiliire, tliat wc seem to loa 
the very vreution of tbe writer unlinf^-'d by 
the pononality of tbe artim. His liumour, 
thmigli hmrlr, is always refined. Techni- 
cally. hr< wninn nxci'llont dninablAman, with 
n viiul f|iiiiiity iikin to thni of IIo(rnr'b,with 
nhoHi.- nnrks lie- bad \>ern fiimiliar from hia 
yonlh. He wai skilful in comnonition and 
(left in exvcntion. llis principal defect as a 
painter wm bi« colour, which, etpecially in 
Lis later workt, was 1iar«h, 

Among the many portraits which he 




jiiinted. bpeiilM ifaoiie «lreail;r mentioned, 
www llicue of iiiM Fty, Sunuel (lurneT, 
the MMqnuof Wwimiiuter'sfaiuih. l^dy 
LUfonl (for I>wd ITolknd), tltn t)iicliwui 
of Sutltriisncl. thn .Mnrquia of ^tnlTord, rlie 
ArchbUliup of C'Dntcrburj' {I>r. Howley), 
Lotd Cottentian, Mu* (now i«dr) ItiinliTlt 
CoutU,CliaTlM DicleiUBA llolio<lil (1(<10), 
anil John (now Sir Jolin) E. MilUis, 18&4. 

Lvdlip WW p>nisl, tocutble, of high [irin- 
aplc, happT in hi* homn nnd wi>Icomed im n 
gatKt hr uikIi and low. He vm a plotwat 
■nd ■blf writer; hi* ' Handbook fov Yoiuifr 
Pftintert' (ISB'')) and liis 'Ufcof CoiiKtnlilv' 
(1813, 2nd edit. IK4rj) ■» both »cvUtmt in 
tbtrir dttrpivet wfiy«; ki!> !(^tc» an> natuml 
and fnll of intrili^nr^', aixl lii« appredauoo 
of Uie work of other nnUii wtu mund, 
grnerous, and without din*. ThoiiKh by no 
means wnoting in induifrr, bin prodncti'-n 
was not larw, but this it yailly to be ac- 
eoniilcd for b_r tlie populnrnj- of hid work, 
whldi led to a froqtient driuand for t«|M-li- 
tians of the same snbjfci. 

TliP niitiom U fortilnnto in BOtaMfiing a 
numWr fif his brat works. In tlin Nntional 
OalUry on- 'Satirho I'linxa in lln' .\pm:t- 
moRt of the Ihicht-ai,' ' L'nc!* TiiUy nnd 
Widow Wiidmnn,' ' 8cfuy fruni Comiia ; ' und 
at the South Kensington Museum 'Scvue 
from "Till- Taming of the Shrow,"' 'Tlie 
Principal Chntnotors ftmm ''Thf ^tl'TTy Wives 
of Windnor," ' ' Whnt cnn lbi» bp?'- Whom 
fna this Iil- froin?* ' I'lidfTuhvand Widow 
Wadmnn ' (a n-plica of the- ^tational Ual- 
Icry piftiire}, ' FloriMl and l\>rditu.'' Aulo- 
Ivciw,' 'I^ Boiirfe'eois (i^nTilliomui^j' 'Le« 
Pemraes SaTonli!*," ' l.e jrnlndn Iinnginnire,' 
' Dot> Quixotic nnd Dnrnlhnn,* ' l.nnm intro- 
ducing (Iil Itloi: io Anmin,' *A Ffmalo 
Head,' 'l>npcn Kaihvrinu and I'atiL-npi-,' 
'Amy Bobmrt.' 'Tbi- Two l*rinct-» in ihe 
Tower,' -Thf Toil«(,"*ThL- lViii«-*« IWal' 
{n Hketfh for -Tli.- Chrihtpiiiiig'). ■ Poriin.' 
' Oriseldft,' ' Hor ^Inj^sey in h<?r Coronnlicin 
Robes' (ikrlcli fur 'Tlin Coninntion '), ' .\ 
Onrdcn Scnc ' (pnriraii of (hn iirtirt'* 
TOUHRPul son when a rliild), ' Dulcineu Del 
'robmo.'ntid ' Snnchii I'nnia.' All the worka 
at Suuih Ken^iuf.'tua were siren i>y Mr. 
Sh<>e[>Bhaiikft. At the Nuiional Pbrtnit Ont- 
lery there i^ a portrait of Lord Holknd by 

Bmwocu Iftl^and ISffi I^nilio exhibited 
••T0Dty-4ix worki at ibo Itoynl Acodi-uiy and 
oUron at tho Britiah Inalitution. 

ninghan'a Livca of l^iinrtrs (Uoaton); Ri.'tl- 
fimTO*' Century of Pniiitfri; Itrdgmve'ii lliol. ; 
Brjaii'BUicUfQravotnnd Arnutrong); Gniifc»'j 
Diet.] C. JI. 

LESUE, DAVID, flrtt I.o»i> Ni^rAy.ic 
(rf, 168^;, miliian- commandpr, «-n» ihi- fifth 
ton of Sr Patrick L«dle of I^troi irt y. Ki fi^ hire , 
commandator of Lindoren, by bia vrifi.- Lady 
Jean Stewart, uvond dnujihtiTofl{ohert, first 
carl of Orlcnoy. He i-utpri^d ibe Mnice of 
Quataviu Adolphus. undtr whom be baoantit 
eoloneil of horse. In the summer of 1040 ba 
waa severely wounded in Sweden {Cat. State 
Paprrt, Dom. Ser. 1040, pp. 319, 443), but 
was convaletcent by SoptcmW^ wlien be and 
nthrr Scottish coloiw* Mnrin]^ in Sweden ob- 
toiocd leavR to rotum to S<:o(Iand to aid tltA 
crivtnnnien. (i4. 1640-1. p. 101 ), Ou 24 Nov. 
1<M3 he- was appointed m^or-genenl in tb« 
Soolli^h nnuv under Alexander lipslin, carl of 
I^ven [o. v.], whitli cmswd the Tweed on 
IftJan.lM4. TlieDartplavrdbyI..?r>Ueinlh« 
hatllnof MnrstotiMnoron^JulybaairiTenriaa 
to Kimr di»pnln, but il ievms probable that he 
i.i entitled to nlnnwt erjuat cn'dil with CtOM- 
well in Rainin" ibo rietori'. Ooinw^ll him- 
self ]irar.-licalty ij^iiores ibe scrvici's of Ixvtlin : 
•Our own horae," he »sj», ' sine n few Soot* 
in our rear, beat all the prince* bor»e'0<^tt''f 
to Colonel Valeniinn Walton). On th« 
olbivrhnnd, Itobcrtllnillie auerld that Leslie 
' in all plipr» that day was his [CpotnweU's] 
leader' (Lrlten and Journal, ii. 309), Obs 
' indini>Lituble fact is that Leslie, who com- 
j luanJed three rwiiaeBts of horse formingtho 
rt*>Tve of the left winp commnndod byOrom- 
' well, oainn tn CrnmwiOl'* iMinlnnce at the 
vrry inntnnt that hia troop* showed syrop- 
tonii of reroilind from the unpetuous rharge 
of Ituprtl. IlLiidos being adjninbly OJipOP- 
tnne, Leslie's altaolc was skilfully delirorsd, 
and it pmclifiilly decided the battle. PrtH 
bably Leslie also for a short iimi< look eom- 
mand of the whole of ibn loft win^. while 
Croniwell was geltinjc his wound dreSMd. 
Hp also pbiirfTpd the fainotia Wbileooats 
under NL-wcoitle, nnd nnnihilntod the regi- 
ment (we evpM^ially (UnnlXEK, (timt Cttit 
War). After ibe sunetiderof York Leslie 
wa* sent forward in advance to ^oin the 
Marl of Cnltcndnr in tho sifffn of >owca*tle 
IHvmiwonTii, vol. ii. pi. iii_ p. 615), butom 
ihi- arrival nf I.even he wa» denpatched to 
the norlh-westem rIioto", and defeated the 
forces of Musjjrave and Fletcher in Weet- 
uoreland. He then laid siege to Carlisle, 
which mrrendfrpil on 2h Juno 1646. 

While employed in thn roidlnnd shires in 
dfifrninfr the raovemenl* of tho king, and thna 
prev«niinK hiiu fmni advanping northwarda 
lo clfect a juiieliuii with Montrose in Soot- 
land, he was suddenly snmmoned to Scotland 
by the committee of estates ihat he might, if 

rossiblo, retrieve the diaastor of Kilavth on 
IS Aug., and check the career of l^e vie- 




. - . , . At tlio bsad of four tliou- 

I ham M, on e Sqil., onUrud ScnilaDd 

Berwick, where hv liad aa LoUnicni- nilli 

^e fkif iuT« coiumittif of MEatM. His ori- 

friiiRl <!r«i^ wn8 lo Jiil«rc«(X Monlroae hi 

th<- I'ortli, but le«niit)j! at I'rMtonpBiis 

thai br «M oltll in lli« Kniiili nf Si.'otlamli 

he tvaoltvii to otlurk liiin tliicn'. He ira* 

. fHTaiuv>] of foriiiiw. Iml tliin K«rc>'l)r lci(H.-tii 

i.lbe im-rit of bis Oicluftiiueiil. tij a rnjiiil 

Iweh ioiithwatil bu RiTPTi»t<l Muntrusp in 

IAb» fl«rijr moraiiffi of 13 Bvpi. uhili> ihr luw 

hcnxtnilii of PtiiliplMugti, on whicli Mimlrwte 

\ aad mcatDjiril, ir«iv tavoUipvil iii niUt, niid 

■linoit aimibilalrt] hu force*. Motitrow hiia- 

■vlf, wiib a few horv.ricBpuigtotlMiiuiao- 

uiii«. Tlia glorj a( tito victorr wm lulliiid 

5r the BoaaaacK ot the eamp-fbUower*, tn- 
udiBgalargenumWoflriibmiinvn. rbm 
^mppSTMlly <raa done in rvtributiun fur <'\- 
eaosBiitud hy Monlrci^. Afii-r kib 
Ticlon- Lnlii' ailvanced Bonkwanils to llie 
l.otlliaiu, nnil tlirliioci CMIV0V«d tho cnmmil- 
i tfv of Mlaliv (1 Gln»jinw, wjirro hi» wrvityoi 
I WM« rrwaniul wiilineifl of oO.OOH inrrkt 
I and a rkain of gokl (QcniKV, Mnxoirt, \x 
I SO<'i). 1I« llten prociwded to Aiigui, uiul fur 
K liiDp made Fi>rfiir fais krodiiuarten: but 
whrn il was dih:o%vml iliat MoiitruM< wa» 
no tonpT (Inn^<itiHM> bo reinnwd to V,n^- 
; laud, aoi) n-j^imml Ibo Scota wmy undvr 
Lerrn at Xirwark-opoci -Trent. 

After tin' »urrti»kr of Ihi' liinj; lo tk* 

£figlit>li in Jaiiuar>* lt>17,tbv Scot* armv re- 

WtmttA bone. It waa r<^dllCl^d to aii tuou- 

raMwl, and, tuiderllw coauuand of Lnliu with 

Uw n*k of li«atfwuil-generttJ, waa a«iit 10 

tlif nonb of Scotland to rxtineiufJi iIm »m- 

b«n i>f inauTTTCtion ik«n-. Anor captuKug 

th» caatlea uf thi- flordona, aiid cbatine 

Imtl; anil kw fotloirara to tbeir bighland 

MM (TtrwiBM. Mtmmn, p. 44 ), Lnlie 

i into ArrvtUbirr. wk^cti bu ilroi,'i! Ike 

maids awllkrir Irisb allieaoulof Scot- 

fland (t'A. p. 46; <tnnxT, ]>. 243; BaiLUB, 

^Ei-ti). TkuKanifon ofoiia^lrongtioldwktck 

ihad OMila a hUvbuou* mUtanco ware ooaa- 

I wilbout mercy aflnr tbeir aumtiilvr, 

. IIUO Lfelie waa oSkrrd tlin command of 

tie lionv ill ilip aruj of tbe * I^ngnfn'Oi ' for 

tfien<«ciicaftl»>kiiif:: but, like ibcEarlof 

Lafep. Iu< (l>.-cliii>-ij to avnt- on account of 

ibcdtiAiifirDvnlof ilir kirfaauiboriiica^ After 

ibi- ilvf-ac of tlie 'EneatrerB* at I'rMioii 

Lvklic tnuk |ian in lundVllin^ ike ' Wbign- 

' aa an orpinUcd fort* in tvmott of 

■ CttMnnrdl. Ilir ollianon with Cnaa- 

I wai Betrred bv 1 lie '■xecutiotiof CkariM I, 

Lldl the \VliicB(urr>-» only ffave a conditional 

|«i|ipon toCliaHciiII. ^V'')>cn yonttoaeiBBde 

[ilia afpearanM in tlie nunk of Sootland to 

«l)<vi lb" p-Moraiinu of Cliarto^ II *» an un- 
rorrnnnlod kiQir, I^oilia wm doapntcbad 
«Eninit bjni witk a lai|te toKit. Aa lUual, 
luamoveinciita were cbaraclPTiied bj ST«at 
eJipcdttiOBi and in orJtr still furtker lo limit 
tlio opportuiiitiei of Muuirtue U> collecl ful- 
lowerv, be tent forward a <U-taehrai'nt oiuler 
Colonel Slrackaii, wliirk on iT jVpril totally 
IDUtod the cncmr at liivirrcarron. MonCroec 
niadv bia cwapr. but thnnijtk Maricod of 
Awrnl )u) vaa dFliveriid up ti> Liialiir. wlio 
{«iiilucted biiu ill ail i|ruouiinioua matiDvr to 
Edinbiir^'li. wlii'tv k« auHrrod e\e<^utio[i. 

\\'heii Cliarlex II a^crf^d to mouDi ilie 
tkrone of Scotland aa a corenanitd king, 
Letlto bacama the roal commander of tke 
aRny miMil on bia behalf, aa draute lor tke 
(lid and infirm Earl of Ll-vch. to deal witk 
tkn irmoqpmcy Cromwell deemed it nece»> 
snrv to tvturu from In-loiid and oonduct an 
imadinf; force iuto Soolland. Lcdlie, od tliB 
eutimy'ti n{>pro«cli, made no attempt to kold 
the t'outh '4 .Scoilnml, but devastated tlie 
n]!!"!! coiinlrv Imtwwn HLTwirk and Kdin- 
Imrah. ()iiIiii!o ICdinbiitRk he awaited Crom- 
wi-U's arriviil bdiind a line of di^ft-n^'e »*- 
iL'ct'-d Olid forlili<-d witli itucb hIiiII tbut it 
wan iinidieally iai pregnable. Fiuding it 
equally im{>o«t<'iblc to cut off* bia suppltee or 
etitice hini from liis liu«i of defenc.-, Crom- 
well wns ullimnti-I}' oolnp-llcd from tack of 
proviainnn towitfadran' loUuuUir. Kecpitig 
tMidcd b» rcir«at, and wkjlepuahbgforvrard 
ad«ta«lim<«t to aeiw tke noiaorCockbuni^ 

Ctb, and to ibua cut off kta escape to Eug- 
id, drew up tile muu body of kis forces on 
tke slopes of the LammtrmuiTi^ Cromwell 
was lUiuoiiVli dlv nutmnno'uvm!. llr bim- 
eelf practienllT orknowU'ilRH] tkal bin com 
WB« dcn>cnti-. It boi bwn u^mi-TaUy sup- 
poMd thai, had Li-*lie bei-u left to bis un- 
conlrolW jud^^eDt, be would have main- 
tained hi* uitituiiei uf mnsterlv itiodivily. 
Fur ibi« tlin cliief direct eTi(leBG« ia the 
6t«ieni*mi of niiTuet tbat Lwlia told tbe conn 
miileeof •'vtalri that by'lrin|f lliercallwaa 
aim-, but llint br rn^iiiiiiiir wiiii ffBllinl and 
divpi-ratr iDcti iill mij,'lit be lo«l * (Otnv rime, 
ril. ISiil. p. :(()). Li!*lie nlau declined to ao- 
ci-pl rrspi'tiBlbtliiy for Ike defeat on tbe 
ground tliut ke'hnd not the abstdute eom- 
maud'dviter in Tiiriii«E:, 1. 09); but be 
ne»ertli''b'trt altribiitiid hi* dpf^iit limply to 
lliK f»iliir>' of kin mill, afipr mnrinti down 
fmm tlx' hilln. to stand to tkfir nram during 
tli-i nigbt, and of tbu olUorrs to stay by lk«ir 
trcKijM and rr^oii'iila (Mtcr quoted from 
I^AiiHi^pe/ttaUvKioy.Jlirl. i^SroHtiiid, 
vti. Wl^ lie Uto afbmw tbat. bad they fol- 
lowed k'ls comrkI, Cromwell would bave 


b««n ilefeatvdu compliiCelTaa Hoot roM was 
at rhili)iliaugh. Ill Hny cu»,tip y»» Btitici- 
pnud by Cromwell, irho U die braitk of <U]r 
of 3 S^C f[avn the ofder to ulvnnra hi-foiv 
tlio Scola untip* Lmlio irrimi drimn up in 
line. Thus, Ibaugh thn more diMriplinitl 
troopa tnitde nt first a ilMpcrBtt- nwistanci?. 
the case of tlit> 8coU was from the bi^giiuiiui; 
faopcUas, and, to lue th« ironls of Cmmir«ll, 
thij toon ' bocame m elubbls' to liift horae- 
mi-n. N'o foirer ihdn iluw tliouMnd were 
■Inia otmnit whcrr thoy ■loml. and over ten 
tliuuaund takrii priwners. Leslin wcannd 
ttiLil rvni-litd tJlinburjrh bv nine o'clock ; but 
no Bltftiipt TTu inniie tii hold it, and Hxe 
dimmitti-e of (MtaleiordiTivd u rvndtivouji of 

llie Army uniivr h\- coiQuiiiiid to U- lidd at 
Stirling. From Stirlinir Irfwlie uiaftht-d lo 
Perth, and thflnci" liy Ihindw to Aberdeen, 
in order lo mnli<> flnal arrangement* witli 
tbu northern b^-alinln, who hi^ taken indn- 
mndtfnt uclton on behalf nf the hing. Un 
ii Oct. a tetter wna mmt bim bv Middleton, 
the generol of thv loyalialx. dcniring o union 
neainsE ihv commun fo« iBalfock, iv. 131- 
llt^), and on the SCiU abaiid who lubacribvd 
br Hunt k.Atholl, and olher lords, aclntaw- 
I'-djrinK the leaciie and covenant (A. |>p. 120- 
UO). (In thn ^b an act of indcmnilj v,-n* 
ihercforniimdnimiil nl IVrth.nndon 4 Nov. 
the luvali.'in Inid doK-ii Ibcir nrmi nnd itc- 
iwptwl the act bv a Ircalv wiili Li-nlie at 
Stratbbogie (I'A, p. liJO). 1lii» was followed 
by the coronuiion of die king at Scodb on 
1 Ju. Liiiilie bml already, on 33 Doo., been 
exnncntod ' of nU iniputution anent tho mis- 
Cftrriagi- hI Diiubnr' (I'i. ji, L'U), and on hi* 
ruTiini from llip north hi; tuoli up a poailion 
at Turwoi.iJ,lwt«'ei-n SlirlinjiandFttlliirlt, to 
pfeveiil lh.> pn**njie of Cfinnwi-ll northward. 
It vnx HI wrll clinsen, nitj #o well Jf^feudeil 
by lrnln^nchr□RnI«, that when Cnnnwell, 
whote opumljoni had bi-nn ddnyed by ill- 
nCM, arrived before it in June, ho ri'giinJed 
an attack on it ai hopideie, lie, howercr, 
Hiicceeiled in forcing A passnfie into Fife, and 
ou 2 Ait^'. occuuied Perth, lliiis llirvateuing 
both 10 cut olT Letlle's «upplieit nnd lo Inlie 
him in the mar. The country lolhu south of 
Im^bIIu bnd nepi-sfarily, however, been left 
open, and the Scnts ilien-fore resolved tonnia 
into Kiif-laiid and lunrirh on Ijindon. I'hn 
mnnosuvre nii^lil huve been lucei-isful hud 
tberovaljitt* in Kii)flund shown more alacrity 
in utilising tljeir oppori unity, or liiid Crom- 
well shown low promptitude in doaling with 
the orisU. Tlii> endimvour to liitrndnce 
Charles to the Kn^lifih n* a Mivfrnnnti^l kinjf 
Wat, moreover, in ileelf a hoprleiB orror. It 
onii^ed disseuiiiDn ti'en amonp bis Scottiiih 
•upportvn, and it scared uwny the KngUsh 

royalisK from hid banner. That in Huch clr- 
euoMlaacea Cromwell would triumph van & 
foregiuw MDCluoion, and Leelie eeema lo 
havr foF«m>en that defeat wn* innrilabl*'. 
I'larrndon Mat4!a Ihnt liCiilie told the kinj; 
that he WM ' mehmeholr iadoed, for hi! well 
knew that the armv, (low well soever it 
looked, vrould not tigtil ' (iii. 'A*}). Claivu- 
dou ultributeii ihe detention of the Stole 
arniv at ■\\'orce*lef lo the fatigue eaiiwd bjr 
tlie lon^ lanreli, but probably il rather indi- 
cnli-d lltfl pre*enci> of doubt nnd denpnir in 
thn coun^U of the leiuler^. Insuilicirnt 
enerjjy was shown in s(ririi;,tbeiiing its de- 
fences agninet CromweU's arriraL ' There 
was,' says Clarendon, ' no pood undersliind- 
ing between the oIKoere of the flrtnj. David 
Leslie appeared dispini*-d nnd coiifounih'd, 
gave and revoked his orders, and Jiometimr* 
eonlrndided them. He did not loveMiddlo- 
ton, nnd was very jeuloua tliat all the ulSceni 
loved him so wc-lt. Ilaobo affirma tliBt only 
on ' that pnrt where Middleton was' waa re- 
aistauce made (iii. CW) ; bul this may huve 
been mere royalisl prejudice nnd cnlumiiy, 
for Cromwell himadf aetribes tlio battle n« 
'w etiff a contMt for four or tirp houm ait 
ever I have itccn.' Il would nppeor that 
when all wan practically lost ibe king dt- 
airiil to make n char]i;e with the horie, nivd 
then probably it wu« thai David l<eelie Wna 
Heeii ndin^' * up nnd down m one amaieil or 
seeking lo (\y {C-it StaU Poprrt, Pom, S-r. 
1661, p, 4.17). l.e»li<i ilopB iioi soera to haw 
shown Br''aler nlncritv in flight llian Middle- 
ton. They mnde tbi-i'r useupe ta)(elber with _ 
a oonaiderabie boily of hone, the niunberrf 
aeoordinff to Clarendon, rvnchiu)* four thou 
Band {Ilut. I). Sai >. They appear to liaM 
lost con*ideralilenunibtr>> from panic on tit ell 
journey, but. Iind it not be<'n {"t diiueDsionfll 
nnd recriminations, nii^ih I have rrachml Seo^ 
land in safely. In Vorkihin-, however, 
l^'slie and Middleton sr'pnMled themselve*, 
either aceideutBlly or deriRnedly, from their 
disconlented followers, and were lak-u riri- 
SOTKIT* at Cliedler on 17 Sent. Uu 'Ji Oct. 
Leslie wa» cnmmilteil to tli" Tower tOi/. 
Stxilr J'anfru, Dom. Scr. IftM-i'.p. 273). Hy 
CrnmwRll'sAd ofdrace hit nut lined ll.OOOi., 
subsequenlly n'duci-d to onMhird of thot 
num. Latlerly ha obtained jorne relo-tation 
of hid impri"Onment, but he whs not j^nled 
hi4 liberty till ItlUU. • 

Afler the lle^lorniion Leslie was, S Aiig.J 
I'KJl, in recognition of lii« services lo Ihfl 
mynl cause, croated Ixird Newark by patent 
lo him and heir* male of his body. A pen' 
Kiou of I'lOOl. a year wns ul?o hestowea oa 
Kim. Un 10 June 100" I lie king sent him B 
letter assuring him of Lis continued oanfi> 




denovinbttloT&Itj. llcdi<d of anapoplucir 
in 1083. 

Ilv hi* xeih Jane, dnugblirr of Sir Juliu 
Yorkr, Ho b«d thnsc >on* (Uavid, whu nic- 
cmlnl him I Chkrio*, vrliodied vonnff i ktkI 
Jiuiiw.wbobc<ttiMftColoDt<l> and flvp dttu^h- 
ten ilMeB, wba died rnung; KliciilH-tk, 
marrifd lo 8iT Aiekibalif Ki^nnnty of I'ul- 
leui: Uuj, narricd tint to Itam* Kinlocli 
of Oilmrrtmi, uid iKondljr to Sir AlMundtr 
OfilTj of FoivImi ; Margmret, aiHTTitsl to 
CaIoimI Jmims Clainb«ll, tourtli tou of ^Vrclii- 
ImU, niotb t«r) of Ar^'tl : Auii«. who died 
lyouDfC: Hnd Jftu«, wliu di<^ iroiin^l. HU 
■vottnit aft«T 0«ir8« Jametom U eiinaT«d in 
P>rlii)R*ton'a ' ScottMh Gal1wv,'uid aflor Van- 
djke hy Vuidergncbl in CUrondati'* ' lliv 

[Bvnut'iOnTlnw: ClDremlcin'slIUl.otf th« 
Bvbrllioa 1 ItobMt Rullic'* Letimaad Journal! 
(BanoMjna Clati) ; i^r Jamei Turner'* Hamoin 
i(Bann>t7B* Ciab); Oulhrr't M*inoin; Buh> 
I ^rat*Ji'a Hitforicol ColJcFtioaa; Tbnrlo* titata 
lI'hpara;Whiiptoch«'*MiTni'innIii; SirJameilU- 
[jonr'a AnnaU; Cal. Sial* Pupun. Dom. Srr-. 
{ pariod of ihr Ccmnianimltb ; ModIimb t«t»11v 
I lonlad at TSvidnle in Scotlinil bjr Ij*nlensn(- 
[iMmnl 1^*7, Lundaa, IfilA -, Genaial Loaliei 
[Spaach ia itus P^tliaaimt of tjtculUn'l, S3 Oct. 
IMT, in dc^MMoftuaudf agiinsmrtaiaSlan- 
dari, IiMidaB. 1647; Victory «>1>i*innl hy Lim- 
iMul-Uacml UatiJ Lttltj in itiu North of 
■ ■SeotUnJ a^insi C-iIc-dfI Uurrr asd hit Fmcm^ 
IXondon. M»: Coloael Lcalici ItiitorifBl Be- 
I rood* of lb* l^Mlio Family, ii. lDS-203 : Dou- 
\ ■iaa'a ScMtith fanitf (Woodl. ii. 30-l-«,l 


LSBUS, FRANK (lilJI^ldSO), joat^ 
tmliti. [8re C.ttm:K, ncx&T.j 

LESUE; OBUltGC. tuiully calW third. 

' but properly fotutb, Eisl or Kothbi Id. 

l4Ab>,waa tli^KMOOu HOD of Wiiliaui Leslie 

I orLealejr, moftalj third earl of R»lh«a, tin- 

hbrotlwr orOeone, SKond carl of lEothn, br 

'MaTg>iM.dan^l<^i>f t^irMirlimO Itnlfournf 

I SfaatqukaBoip. Wood Mati-* Ihn: l><>lli his 

randon'or^iMCondi'Arl, amiliti fnilwrworv 

killed at t-loddin, H Krpt. UAil. Ijut in the act 

of parliamtnl dated 31 )I arch l.'il^.andoihi-r 

doeiimaila pnrvioiu to the dale of I lie tintt!<? 

4>f llodden. (h(^ <I«4tl) of the kvC'IIkI t«rl in 

[islmdy OMniioni^. On arcoiini, )iowever, of 

iMBn niwTiplained dilBrulty, ih- e^iaies hail 


■ft^r Floddvn,{inorcc, foint h rati, wni MTTrd 

' bfur to both. (In 2 M*r^ 1A3S-9 ho wm 

liuai>^*heritr(>fFife(i;r^..Va]r. ^.tfilS-JS, 

l^ttiyTW), aod T l>rc. IMO tli<- office irra« 

■Made korwlitary in th« fantil^', and be- 

t Mowed on bia (on, Norman I^Mlie [i). v.'', for 

l]ttv the btlier liavinf pf'r«oiiaUy ntignti it 

(it. 3327). Itotbu* wru^ une of tha nobU* 
prrjwnt in I'nm io lo*) nl llie of 
Jamid V. On 1 July I'l-ll li? wiu uiude n lonl 
of acuiOQ. After thu deal li ul' Jauiea V he 
EcJl under th«auapcion of Arraii and CatdiDal 
Beaton, wlio, 8adl«r writn* nn i:tNov. IM), 
had gone into Fifn and Angu* lo win over 
RothM, Lord Gray, and othvN, to thnirpaitv 
(HAUi.iai, iV/<r»,'i. 340t. Kothcn and hut 
friend* wuK then at Cutle Uuutty, I'crth* 
i>hir«, nod, auapvcting a hosr lie puipoiu on th? 
uart of the canliaa), collected a force to tvAist 
liim, bill on the c>>v>)nior eiproMiog a tipwial 
v/itAi 111 rwoncili* tli-.-m irith Duaton, tliey 
were indnccdlo come ton eonfcrenci^ st IWth, 
wher« thsy wi-re iinmedialuly apprvhended, 
andtsntpriMnera toBlaolinfltaCeutlet Kxox, 
i. 114-10). Kothe* iaaaid to bare uOerwurds 
Riven BpWgv of perwnal «en-icu to tJi« vax- 
diiaat(C&UiBBWOOD,i. 170). On7Nov.l5U 
he was made a lonl of the nrticlM. Altliough 
other meniberik of Ha family, including n^p^- 
cially hi* brother John and bi> ii>n Norman, 
were onionft the princifial eunlrivers of thtt 
murder of iTit: caTainal,ll9 May lulti, Koihc* 
binu«lfh«ldnominallyatoofi!n>niit. Aeom- 
miMionhaviii): been issued on ISJtdy IfilTlo 
call and acciite hira of lhf> mnrdtir, an aeeiie 
wae formed for hi» trial ou 15 July, whilo be 
wni! prment with tboScoltiali army near th« 
river ^' arrow, Svlfairluhiro ; but on hi* ap< 
ptuiring and dcvyin^ b'* cnntplicily in the 
murder, he wiu uc4uilled niiliuul further 
inquirj' {Uirt: itSS, Cornn, 'Itb Itep. p. oOt ; 
i, ^0> Li Juiiir<l'ViOhe wa»*»nt ambiweadgr 
to DeTimark. With eitihi ntbercommiuionom 
he WKK appointed on ^0 June I&&8 to bn pr^ 
urnt nl till- niijitinla of (jueen Uary and tbo 
duuphin of 1-Vunci-, nnd he woa one of tlioae 
who wcru leiiod willi a sudden illoMS, bus- 
pected to have been cau^d by poison, on the 
trar home. He died at lliejipe on 128 Nov. 

Rathe* oouttse^tcd an nllmncswilh l.«dT 
Margaret Cricbt'm^ihit wiilow of, fir*i,Vr'if- 
liam Todrick, bui^(*« of ICdinbu^h, and 
*4x»ndly (ieorum HolltertoD. burpsa of Edin- 
bii^h— dautrbt<T of X^'illiam, third lord 
C'richton of Frrndr»mtlit, by Lady Marcaral 
Stirwart. H.-cond dauchl-^r uf Jamtw IIL In 
a churtiTof 1 April I'Jireke li lerined 'vjun 
i^niaatHdata per verba iltr flit iirociiiTK'aniali 
copula inile »eciHn.' No wTeaumr tr'ein* to 
barn lakiin place, and on ^7 Jan. l.'^SU (b« 
mnrriairo wiMl di-olarfxl liv tbc rrclor of t'lidt, 
Fifc*bu«, to have been invalid from ibu bL-- 
ginnb^, on account at cona«n|piinilr. The 
iaiiie went Norman and Williajn. who wen 
both implicated in tbe niiuder of Cardinal 
Beaton, and a daughter HI iubetb. tn Colonel 
l^etiie'e * ]li«torical ICecorda of tbe Leelie 




W Family' (ii.64> Itolliw is Miic] Uibavi.'marri«itl 

I eubB«i|Upnll)' Elixftlx-tli Orny, wiiloir of llio 

I Karlof lliiollf, but inilwrliiiripr ri-fiTrnd to 

^^ in proof {lUg. Mag. Sig. 1.113 J6, cntn- 315) 

^^m tbu in not Umnribud oi (.tnunlitKi uf Kothen. 

^V Somo timu U-twi>rn 1» Hi-c-. loljti (^lA. 40D) 

P andS'JJdn. lW«-30(.'4.a&B)Kollie»ninm«l 

I A^-H'.-ti. i]nij^btc<r of Sir Jobn tioiiurTville of 

I Cnt[i1>ii«t>L-ibnn, l,«iiarlMhini, and wi<)on' of 

I'eoniUonl Fl«anilig. By lliig niiirringii 

L I 

■ 1 



lic! Wl four HI no — Andrew, lirth var\ [q'V.], 


IVliT, Jiimpfc.anr-'ii'torof ihp I.oslici 
bavin In-land. mid John, fomnirliiitcA pri* 
Bonrrin Irfbind— and two daugUlLTa. Junct, 
murrieil to Cricbton uf Naiigliton. Fift-ahirt, 
or Cot'bbuni of Laugtou, aud nelL-n to Mark 
K<Tr \(^. v.j, commendator of Nvwbotilo. 
In varioua charters granted while he was 
mnrriMl to Agnw Somerville hi> obligntions 
tn Mnrgnn-t Crirhlon are rceo^iMta, and 
after the di'atli of AsnM Somarrille he mor- 
ri«d her cononioiilljr uofurc 31 Mav lol^ (it. 
entry 26rfl). Ho bad wihBaquon'tk by wt 
one sou, Robwt, ancMilor of ihe I^<e«ire8 of 
F^ndruaie, and jour daughters— A^es, mar- 
ried 10 Sir William DouB'las of LocUevsn ; 
Beatrix to Ilealon of Croicb : Kitplieslik to 
Iji'nminnlh of Itnlwrnric ; and Miirgfarct Vi 
Arcbibiil.L cifrlitb enri of Angu*. After her 
dimtb ho luuTJed liubol Lundy, dauf-hter of 
Lundy of Lundy, and widow of l)uvid, 
seveQlh oarl uf Crawford, but by her ho had 
no Uaue. lie is said to have had an illegiti- 
natvann, W«lter,and an ille^tiniat« datigb- 
tor, ysho marrii-d larA Kelly. 

[HiMorin of ItarlianKD. I.iley, Liodny, 
Kniix, mill ^':i1ilvrw<iod ; Snillrr'* 8l»l» P«p«ril ; 
Hill. M»H. Conim. -Iih lUp. : Colonel LcBlic'ii 
Uiiturirfll Urci-nlB of ihc Lcitie Fninily. ISSB, 
ii. 46 en ; UoiikIoil'* Sootti*h PotmgR | ^^'ood 1. ii. 

jh« 01 n^ h' T1 

Iii;j7i, On|iucliiii friar, known as F^ither 
AuciMMii'.i. wiLs ton of James l^i^ of 
IVrcrtliiiir, AlK'nlcenahin*, and hi# wife, Jaiiu 
liVonil, irlin nflnrwnnU ninrrivd John I.Mlie, 
laird of IdOcnira. Ilo wax brgught iin in tho 
rcRlnned Ciiilh, but lie wan convcrtca to ca- 
tllolicUm, was t^nrvUud iu til09 aN a Kbolnr 
in the Sci'(4 Cullv'^i-at l!om'>. and nflt-rwnnU 
became s Capuchin friar. l)t-uipitter, wrilinc; 
befmo \VS\ dewribM him bri«lly as an anu- 
nent prraehar,m«ii(ioiM that he had ju»t p>na 
to Scotland, and namm a book,*l)i'pot<viaiii 
uipte in priaofvc* Hrculatiu, ut in rvhm lidi-i 
ddbiientti,' vbich I«*lte iud writiin and 
wuiiro|iHritif; tu pobliili. Lolie wQ) in thr 
neiKlibourhood of Abntlcm towards th« end 
of MKf'l.wheimilialicmaiiireatoaorraiquila 
were stuck on the churdi door in Abefde«m, 
•om* of them probably boing by Father Arch- 

work*. Oup of ihfwc wnn noticed hj Andrew . 
Lopi', v°rson of lioTiiK. in bia worlc ontit 
'Cum bnnn di'o. Itiiinu from the clouds u| 
a Clioicliu [ri(\ Angul, or a n-tiinn-d anai 
to ih(^ common qun-ntur of our udver 
'"Wiiwe was your Cbiireli brforc Lutherf^ 
AboTdnn, 16:^4. In March li^^d Leslie com-; 
]ilninqd to Propngniida tluil cHlhoIict attauda 
)inile*tunl urTmcmt.and fuilnl to provids f 
tlie mitsionarics: he xiieRL-itpd tbnt tbs con- ' 

f;rL-gftlion should give tocertuinpriMiiiannl- 
wu nee nf tiro hundred lk>rins(]JELI.BiiiKiii, 
Hi't. (/ thr C-tlMif: CAurvA ni ikotland, iii, 
771, Afterwardi bt> fled fhini Sooilaod in, < 
coHHiiiuoncp of ilie pereivmion, and mu^ItS'^ 
refii|ji' in Frniioc in n Iflltw dated T 
I'U Jiui. 16L>g-:)U. and addrt-Hed to 
Scmprll at ^'ulludolid, be tnenlious that W1 
intended to gn to Italy to exculpate bimsdf 
from some ctilumuies which had been im- 

futed to hiui before the Couj^ivf^ntioil of the 
'ropagatii'in of the Faith. His case camo 
hefoiv the Propa^and* on 32 April 1tS31, 
n-hen on the petition of Fntbur LMmnrd of 
Riria. ' prefect of the mission of the Ifast and 

I of Enclntid.'und on the lettlmonyof Scottish 
catbolicH, bi! wna acquitted, uai allowed to 
return to the Scottish misBii'O. Ilervmolocd 
in Scotland till his death in 1(13'. I'stJusr 

I William Cliri»'ti>>, a Jesuit, who became wpe- 

i rior of the Scots College at Ponny, says Hie 
died in his mother'* poor lioutn, juM ot^ thf> 

I ririT I)e<^,aKDiIUt the mill of Aborne, and, I., 
believe, was buried in nne old ruin'nu chiir 
in iht! way bt-twixt thai and Kanukvle orl 

Althuiigb no further authentic factd have 
bftoi atcertained respt^ing I.e»Jey*s eareoTM 
nianymarvollouN incident* DppeariD the bit ~ 
pmpniei of hira wliich have bren circulatt! 
in many lantruaffes throughout Cbri«tmdon),j 
Leslie is utated to have lold John Uaptii 
Itinuecini, anrLbisliop of Fermu. wttu nuidu 
bis aajuaiutance in 10;il, and employed I 
in pFMching and other m in isieria) work in hia 
ftdTentnmi. Kinnccim printed the elory for 
the edification of tlio faithful, uiuler the tilla 
of *II Canpueino Soocnao di Slon*ignor Oia 
Ituttisia Rinuccini. Arcivewovo r IMndi 
diFenDO.'Uiic«ni>. 101-1. Tbcdedioatk 
with a alioTt prrface to ■ niudtrisiuno 
Cavalier ToBtasio Riuucctni,' ia fiirned 
t'Onipno TomanHni. According to tliiswori 
liealie'a mothi-r wa* a Udy nf cmt vea]tli ' 
nnd the owner of Monymiwk flonio, Aba^ 
detmsbirr, in a*d around which plaoo 
principal acowaof tlie aamtive are laid, 
work pnased ilirough many Italian cditio 
and wad repuUiabed m French, tspaniali. 

I.A(iii,] IVirluguuw lrall^- 
lation. TlieaUcgwdCKUiiivaltnMteBiiivK 
ScUtioa*. Sfoajinuak was iwver in the [»«- 
BMdoB of uiT M tbe l^i« fiiinilr. In tb<- 
fourlli FrMich edition (Itouiu, liSGO), dwli- 
c»ted to tlw V.t\ of Bruiol, with n pntbci: hy 
Fisaciii Clifton, an cxiW l-ln^li.ih Toynliit, 
Ifadv AH! • number of nitiliiiuEis ftiul cnan^cs 
foTwtiich QOftUtboritjisgiTvii, No Enf^linh 
Tcnioo wu prinud in tbe wv«n teen tL or ci^li- 
t«-ntli i->-titui)r. Tbe josuit Fal1i>>r Cbri^tii* 
<1fc1hiv(1 lh*l 'dl tbOM IB onr country, C>lho- 
Ha and bervtic*, wlio did know him, wcm 
adaliMd at tliat fint Book.' The biogrnptij^ 
J bu bMD M^rodticed witbin tbo lott tlurly 
, jwsalmoit atoficniuKl in nironn}:'«liirHtvnt 
qnnrtera a« dnring tliv fint tliirtT yean of its 
«x)tf«Bce. ItwurdM«edatModunaiul6f!2. 
Bemo da Ccalaale, in bis ■ Itntory of tlt« 
ChpodiiB HittiOBi^' 1873, reprinle thn life; 
Dr. RatM, bicbap M Strasbnrir, in bin vnrk 
on * Famoiu ConTarti to tbn ItomRn Chiucb 
»inc<- tbn Rnfanoation,' lif'3, friviii lhirt,v 
doti-l}' oriniod pn|;iu to l-cslii.', und tlir I'frru 
Bicbanl bm dvroii'd lo tbe uiint> BubJMt a 
fasBdioiBeTaluiiMrpriiiiiHlal Li lie about 18)^. 
Tbe biogtBpbj-, in it« fullest form, made its 
appearance for tbe flnt time in Knffland in 
'Tbe Annals of lt.i> FraiiciKiiiw,' fSTfl-SI, 
■sd it wu noblidiod in tbp tinitcd Slain 
n&dar tbn (itlo of 'Count l<e*li«; or tli» 
Triumph of Filial Pieij.'PhiliuIelphiu. lt<(M. 
HoreKCcaUrCanoa lielleahelm. ju hi> *Gt>< 
•eUelitederliatbolisclienKircbp iu Scbott- 
Inod,' and Fbther Bonier Dlnir, liis trans- 
lator, baTS celebnied ' a lifi! (lihiiti^i«he<l. 
even in tbnso trouMous linift*, bv liial'i of 
nn onliiiaT7 kind.' Tbi* ' L«-gtTud Tax com- 
fhUlj deiBoliibod in an atticl« oontributml 
Wlbc ' Srottidi Kcvirw' in Jnl; 1691 bj Mr. 
llunuu OrtvM Law, ubu souo aAmrards 
wuunnnKaieil to the Edinbui^h Bibliogn- 
pMoal Socii-tv a deicriplion of tbe numerous 
edhjouof'llCDupuciuoSooBU'se^'- Adrama 
„ enspoMd on (be baaw of the biognnby by a 
Cunofain fntber was Mblialied at liome in 
17o9, nndn ihptitloaf'Iirnppi^nn Scomv* 
in Sccnn.' The term- is Iniil nl Monyinu^, 
■ad. afUr the kItIc of tbo old miracle plaj», 
Becliebub and otbi-r devil* 6gun in tne iv- 

An intifmiliDg eiif^^'cd portrnil irf 1 j.-9lii: 
is pr«flx«d to uuiit of tbe ediiions of kin 

[InturinatiM) trom ThooM* (irare* Tav, niq.. 
Ubrwun of ih* SiiroM IJtirsrv, K-llnl.iirxli; 
ScollUh lipriu*. iriii. 77: LeilifV llUlotiokt 
ItooioUuf ilie t'lunilfor Lodie, ISSO, iiU 413; 
BeoUXng Uir. 1N9 ; CluuBb)e«> Bic^. Did. of 
EminBot Smttmn. 193S; Stctbert'ii Catbolc 
on in SeMUmI, p. ATS.] T. C. 

I LESLIE, HEMiY(l&8a^ie»«l.(>p«if 
DowuHiiU C»iiiiur,eldeet8ouof JamrsLMlia 
' and his wifi>, 3vtta Hamilton of Erondale, 
I WKt l>ora at Lcnlio Fifo in 1&80L Tha &lbar, 
nrlui appvan to have bMn n Roman calliolk, 
v'u t be second aurvirin^ son of Gooffe, founli 
nirl of RotliM, bf hii wife, Agnns Somer- 
, ville. Henry Leelie wu educatrd at AbOT- 
d--on, nnd went to Ireland iu 1014, wbnro tw 
wns ordnined priest 8 April 1017. He bo- 
eaiBo prebcniUry of Connor in lUl^, nnd 
n«lor (if Miutkaniorg in 1833, in whicb jbu 
he u'os »i>tt«t«d bj Primatfl Uamptcu to 
pivacb at Drofflieda oa Whit Sunday befoTS 
tlie rt>\al couimisiionenL Tliii soniioii wu 
prinleil iii.>xl yi-nr at IlBmutunV tvnumt, slS 
*a Itvntise luudiu|( to unilj,' Lcatii' dedi- 
cnt(» it lo the arcMiishop as * tbe Ent-fmitai 
of ray wtak «ngino.' I^eslie here propciwid 
that no one should bn allowed to so beroiid 
am* for education, and that no popuh scliool- 
masier about d hi.- ulloivcd at borne ; m to the 
Btelariei, Trclaiid wns not much troubled 
with thetn. Even in lG{lt<, when presbyt^ 
rinnifiu was well rooted in L'lsler, Soutb 
Blm(j«t repented this latter Matement {Her- 
moitt. ii. 23B). I^eelie did curate's duty at 
Urogheda from le,i>3 to 1626. He preached 
befnie Cbarle* I at Windsor on Julr 1020, 
and at Oxford tbn same jmtr; andonWOct., 
bluing then one of his nujeaiy'a elia|ilHiiis in 
ordiiiary, lie delii-ered • a wantbn lo Iiracl ' 
in Christ Church. lUiUiu. The latter aermon 
is dedic^atod to l^rd-douutv Falkland. In 
lil^~ Lrslii^ ngaiii preached beAm Uie king- 
al \^'okiu^, and in the snme vear be wga 
instlc diuin 'if I.lnwn. In KtS." hi> wu made 
jicwwitor of St. Patrick'*. Dublin, three 
.VvJiennn, p^ v.), and in liSZ2 beWAma 
troasurer aim (Cortox, ii. \M, ili. SS6), and 
hn i««mi to bare held all theae prefeniuaita 
in addition to his deatuvv. 

In tlui Irifb ronvocatton of 1034 Ledie 
was prolocutor of tlin Lower House, and 
came into immediate contact with Lord- 
deputjp Wcntwortb, wbote btj^h-handed pre- 
ceedincs about tbt- articles nnd canons wor» 
probablvnoldisagreeable tobint. Itisclaar 
that in Irish ohnroh politica be belonired to 
thoimrtynf Bnunb>ll rather than to that of 
I'MHcr. Till" rhi\'f jinKlii'nl result of the 
"tru(nil<-' inconvocntioii wim ihni the Tbirty- 
nine .Vrticlee were ndopli'd in Irrknd, and 
that the mon Oalviniitic Iriidi article* of 
1(11-^ n-crv tacitly reupulcd. 1 j.-*Un wan oon- 
k^cToied biflbii]! of Down und Connor in St. 
IVter-g Cburch. Ihwheda, on 4 Oct. 1886, 
wh*^ be nvigned Lis other pvelVmBents, 
I'xo-pi tbe pirebend of MuUagkbnck in 




Diurin^ the six yran wliicli etnpsei] be- 
tween Ilia consecrntion nnd tlie Veinning of 
tlir givul trbL-llioii, Lmlie viiL* cliiefly en- 
gngcd in wurlnre wilb lli* (.'later piwbytc- 
nan« of SL-'jttieli THfo, beconiinf; a member 
(if Ibf liigli (■■>iniiiiMion court in February 
1(136, In MfiT ho nn'iirbfiil n( N>wlowiinrdB 
on the dpBtli of ilie firrt Viioiint Mont- 
gonicry, nnd lu July lie licld liis primary 
vi«itation ut l.ubiirii, Fi\e uiiniBtura, iu- 
cliuiiiig Lord CIa[i<.lt.'bi>VF.-'B iK']ibi.'W. Jomos 
Hamilton, there fefufl-'if Bulisi-Tiwioii to llie 
new caucus. IJeitig iirpfi! bv llnimhnll to 
witreioe meoaun's, hir iirnni'hi-il iil llfU'rist on 

10 Aug. on ihn Bijfiiticnnl trxf, ' If he ne- 
glect tfih'iir I bo church, k'l him bi- unto then 
ee nn lieitthcn mnn utid u piihlieiin.' Thin 
Bormon, in defenci? «f AiijiliL'un orders aud 
of kueelliiK Hi the eomintiiiloii, was printed 
io the folKiwing year as 'A TrraliM of tha 
Autliorily of ihe Clmreh.' Il in dndicAtdd 
in panefr^rienl utriiin to Wentworlb, who 
i« cnlled 'Lutnurator ICeck*iic llihemicic.* 
Leslie tay* thul yirenhyieHnniiim made xaost 
jTOgKfa nmong women. Ou the day after 
the sermon a dispiitaliun in •Irict evllogfistic 
form look place belween the bishop and 
Hamilton aa epniiesitinii f(>r his«n. 
Leslie, unlike IlranihaU, [.iBycd hifl pnrt liltn 

11 rentl^man. The result nns llint the Are 
miniftoraverp. deposed, the hi^hope.tpreidin^ 
hixorrownt bavinir to pnH.'eudM)far(ltBiii, 
i. App. iv.) licslii^ nun now FL-f^arded m a 
champion of Lairdiuii entHCipacv, aud works 
by John Corbet (liSilIJ-imi) [tj* v.] were at- 
tributed Io him. 

Till! oiitbftiftk in Scotland gnvo crnint con- 
fldimci- to the prrabyleriuiis of LJIstor, and 
on 'JO Sept. ItfcSS l^^^tie prenchcd ot Liabum 
ftgainst the solemn len^'ue atiJ covenant. A 
l^tiu version of this ^-nuoii, entitled ' Ex- 
Bm^n Coiijurulioiiis ScoricH',' wil» published 
by higclinplain,.lsmesI'oriui', in 1153(1. Atone 
with his nnni'-iiikfi, John Li-*lic (l.iTl-lBTl) 
[q. V. 1, I.cilio ivn« one of thoin who lignnd 
the petition n-nulilnii: in the proclnmniion nf 
1U39. This inipDHed the htack ouib, by 
which every Soul, of either •■■x and of any 
age over si.ueeu, might be made to reaoiuive 
the covenant and (o awMr uaquastioning 
obedi«n«> to nil tlw kine** eoiDinindc(STiup- 
Vott\>,Lftlerii,\t.'MTtt. The hifihopwn* active 
in the proceedinir* iiHnin*i liobi>rl Aduir of 
lIollyniEnu, who had suh.icribed the covRnnnt 
ftsa f^cotlidh laird, nnd whope Iri^h e^iule ven.* 
conliscnle'] hv Weiitwf.rlh (M, ii. ilSl, l'l'O). 
Leilie eom|ilnins that his communiealions 
with Scotland were interrupted, that ihevri' 
church wortUois hud joined thi^ ^nnrnl len^iie 
apiin»t him, nnd that the contciuneri of liis 
juri»dlcli(m were ' more in niimbiT Ihun 

would fill all the i^iuiIb ill Ireland.' flc ov 
believed bin tifu ID be in dunKer. A viccrejiv] 
commiMtoii giving him aummury power ol 
imprisoning those who refused to upjienr in 
hie court fitniiiheil ibc ninth articIeufSti 
ford's itnppncliment. 

At the be({inninR of IftlO I.c'li-- hnil a long 
illness from wliich be hardly i-xpooiod to rw- 
cover, and was unable to a'ltend Ihe parlia- 
ment which met on lU March; but oven from 
hii sick bwi be WToEc a memorandum fori 
Strafford as to the beet means of iuctvuingj 
tile Tov&l rMfonuo in I'lstfr (iJ, ii. 302). lal 
the following month Slnid'ord Icfi: lr>^laiidj 
for ever, nnd the nyatcm which hi' had laborUf 
ouhIv built up soon bcfpin to cnimbk away, ] 

The rising of the Irish cathoiioi foltowod. 
On 23 Oct. 1041 Leslie was al LiBbum,J 
wh«nco he wrote two lelten to Lord Mont- 
gomery for help. At aix in the sTating he 
reported tliat Cliarlemonc had fallen, and 
that t^ir PkcJim O'Xeill [q. v.] and his horde 
were nt Tanderagcr. I-'our hour* latr^ h« had 
heard ihut Newry wn« Inken (ApAorumietUi 
Ihfrnrriy. i. tkf-1), l.ishuru al uncc IwcumI 
thncliiel refuge of the Antrim prot«at«nl%l 
aitd6i>»m hundr^'d men were M)onaneo]bl«d| 
in and uboot the bishop's holue (Rbid, i.3l9>. \ 
He did not tnko tIk' lield himself, but hb { 
«c>ns Jamvii and William bnth lod companit 
In June itiAS he d<?po»c>d to Ihe total lOM 1 
hi* propertv by the war, and he withdrew to 
Eojjliiiid; W north-eoat Ubter had escaped 
U'NeitI only to fall into the hands of the 
eovenanl«t«. He praached at Oxford on the 
I'asl-dny 9 Feb. ]iU4, before a gtv-al many 
member* of ibo Iloiite of Commons, and ngaia 
ou 'i7 March before some peers and many of 
the lower hon«e. .Kfterwarda he joined Or- 
monde in Dublin, und was one of eighi .Vn^tli- 
CJiii prelates who, on i Aug. 1041), there ni>| 
fused to for«go the power of the heytover' 
Homun riLtholics ( JntA Ckii\federrjtion, v. 40). 
Just twelve month? Inter he nas one of 
thirteen bish<i|is who, w-ilh (•>vnHly-»4>veB 
other elerjiymen, pn-sentrd nn uddn-w of | 
grnlil iide to the !ord-li«utennci < .Vppendix to 
t'AliTE, No, ■ITIl. Urmonde Mirret! tiered IJub- 
lin to the perliDmenl in 1(547. und Leilie 
went nbrond either before or jukI ufter the 
Uinff's exrcniion. In June 1(149 he preached 
al llri'iln on the mvnl niartyrdcim before 
Charles U und tho I'nncess of Orung?. Tlii* ' 
Bermon wa;< printed ut the lli^ruc and trana- 
lated into Dutch, ond tbero is on infrtriieiivo 
I^ngliah reprint of eigbtoenth-ceniury date. 
In drtwing an eUboTat« parallel between 
Charles I and Jems, Leslie compares pteeby- 
between whom Cnriit was rmcitled. 

The n--\X len years were doubtlc** Wjfmlt \ 

in poranjr ind olwcuritT. Hi- hnd an Irish 
pcaaioB of 1X1. in ltfr>l unJ 1055, wbii-h 
iroaM not tuiT« boHCi gireu to bo abwrniw 
<Rkii>, it. 120). Evel^i M^a tliAt iu Mh^ 
i06A h» pmuMiitd Jmtaay Taylor to jwcMiit 
K yoaac FRodi jiroMtTie (or nrdiDAtian to 
tho BiMop of M<-<th, whnKt rtciiI pnwrt)- bo 
hunaoLf reliatvvd l>v llii- fnu. ^lenth wiu 
vaunt, but it u k[')i'»I pmhabtr tlml Lviliu 
bad » proouM of it, and it ia likely that ihu 
«xiM tuenrchr mulH tamo ai(iMii|it (u k>wp 
all MM nominaJly full. Liii-lie wut in In>- 
land fop wnw tiais bwfosv llip K''*Mr»liiMi, 
for h<i pmchnd in Iti'iR nt llilUlmroii^h in 
Ilia own dktRoio. Thin Mmon, on praying 
with the ipirit and tbo undgrttudiiig, was 
printed, ond the litlc-poj^ dcHcribc^ thi- 
pnaeMt u ' nutagri.- all auTi-CUriitiiui oppu- 
titloa, Bidnyji of Down and Coiuior/ Turn- 
is • pro&toffj letter by Jvtemy Tnylcir. who 
•ay* : * You pt>Mch«d ia a fitinlly iii wliicli the 
public liturgTofibe Church i*pv«lljviitiii-il 
and dili^itnitfy u*rd, hut in ■ coantrj wheiw 
nuMt of ifan inhabilnntu nm MranMr* to the 
thin* tod «ncmi«ai to rlii- nftmif.* TbuMmaon 
itMU condcina* tlii? i-xiumpore piayon of 
tlioM wlioai Leatie bad k-urnttd to utl 'uur 
dbMBting bretkrra.' Hu was iraiialatcd to 
Ufatb in Juiiiaty lIHil, biii frii-nd Tavlor 
*ncco«diiig him in l)i>un, but bi> died in 
IfublJaoB9 April.aad wim bnriod in Christ- 

Ltsliu married Jann Swinioii of rtn-intnn, 
P««ibleB. Tlieir vldoM >on, Robt-rt, u-oa kuc- 
«M«iivttly bitliAp of Droroore, Raphotr, nnd 
ClogbeT,aaddt«dlOAuK'llirJ- FrumJamufl, 
tlw Mcond «ini. irlio wan iak«n pTisoti(>r Bg'lit- 
ing for Cl>*rl'>« It aiWorc<«t«r,iI««cetiili> Ihai 
fomily of tll'^ lyolin* n'hidi liajt Inn^ been 
•ctlWa; Itallybar in .Mnna^hali. l.ord Itpl- 
tnoTD is dmo'ndi^il tbrongb a [Laujflitcr frnm 
thv tlurdvm.Williuai.wliovnuaUonroyntiit 
otEcer. )lany raluablu booka brought frutn 
Scotland bj tb» biiliov, and atttut^d bv bis 
Atgnatun-, an preMmd at Ballybay. l'b'?j- 
an chi«dy thMlogioal, but a Pe traruU witb a 
fctalorjr aUacb«d to it i« amooff them. Therv 
is a Ubla b«liev«d to ba vo bwn Dougfat abroad, 
and ooatoiaing faaBf mttim of KDnMlosical 
int«rHL A|Kirtrtut,prabrib]ypniiilcdini]al> 
land, I J alio in hi* d«M«adaat'ii poMoHiion. 

f Stnflbid'f Ixtcrt nad D«*p*tctiM ; laacollea'a 
LiDcrllnotamPublW. Ilibi-raiB; Aphoriamienl 
Diworrry, and tlulorr of Iriih CnnfedoMlion, 
«d. (Iiltwt; Cartn'a Ofiiiondo; R*id'» Hittory 
of Iha rr«*byt«rUD Chun^h in IrrlAnd. rd. Kil- 
Icn; BatMH ftiilW* Letter*, ed. Laina; Ilia- 
lurfcal Rvcoid* of Ih* Loiis Family : Lowry'* 
Hamilton M.S.S, ; Wan'i Bitiliup* and Wrilutv. 
«d. Harriii C^toct'iFaiii Eccl(ai»Uibarai««. 
Kiaiaa Walli*'* Britannia Libtta ; Veary'a Lif« 

ofUranihallr Kustiwarth'a Trial of Straffurd ; 
E'^lyn's Dinry; Maiit'a Churoh nl Ireland; 
Ibu likhoii'i knciirn wntli]);*. all of which nrv 
mpniiHiiiHl nliTitc ; ioformalion from Dr. ttecrei, 
formerly liiihop of Down, and from Mr. Itobtn 
CharlM* lilahoji't liniwl dMMndant.] 


LESLIE or LESLEY, .lOlIN (1627- 
1090), bishop of l;oss, nan tbi> oldMt aon of 
Qavin Lesley, rector of Kintiuuie, Invrniefe- 
sliire, the greul graadMn of Andrew Lesley of 
Dalquliaiii. and conuniaMiyof ibf dioccx« of 
Moray. nif> mother was daughter of lluthin, 
tlidlairdnf (iTirmnck. lie ia termed by Knox 
n ' print's ^it' I batlaTd),'iUidB^i'peiiMtiini 
wasKnuiTcidliim lD,rii1rl5$S,whiloaRcholBT 
of tbi- provintf of .Vlaray, rondaring him 
cnijabli^, wit bilnndinR hiailleintimaey, of 
lafciriif (irienl'* onli^r". From the foci that 
hiH epii«|)li ai BruMela givea hia age nt the 
timoof hi» death asaerenty, tome autlioiitiiNi 
make 1536 the yvar of his birth ; but iu iha 
rnQtomporNTT lib (mo AjtDKiuost, Collfr- 
fioiM, i. 1) the date )[iven i* ^ !^1. 1A37, 
and llie authority quoted far it ii tnc nnt- 
ton of bapliaai m .Scotland. Ili- waa u3u« 
Gated at King'ti Collei;?. Abi-rd'^i^n. where ho 
^taduated M.A. It i« iitiprobsble tlint ht i« 
identical with a Jolm Lealio wlin in l-'i44 
wu made ori^aniM. nnd tnii»t<<r of n song 
achool in Abi-tiWn, On IS .luno 15415 lie 
wo* adinitlcd an nolyle in the Cttthedrnl 
cburcb. and in ihe twentieth yurof hi* ago 
he waa luducied to a cnnoiiry. In 1I>4S) he 

!irocei>ded to Paric. and attfi studvine there 
or »c>innlitue ihMotiy. Oreeh.anil llrbrew, 
he n-moitid to tb» university of Poictier*, 
wliiirv. oceoivlinir to bi» own nccoiinl, hi« 
studiea cm braced a complotocourMi of cnnon 
and civil law, extending owr almut four 
year* (discourse, *. iii, 0). He sjK-nt another 
y<ar in Pari^ studyinit lun- m t\>v Hcbools 
there, and returned leSoolIutid in April 1A&4 
(A.) lulCftShehadbeenappointedcaiioniM 
in Kinr'a OolInR*, Aberdeen {Fatii AWii. 

Llxxxn. [n April ISAShownaadmiltodlo 
ly ordera, and nominated oRicinl of thi' dio< 
eeeeof Abciiteen.andon l! July 1o.jO he was 
tnduided t<i thepamonafje'.canonry, Bjid pre- 
bendof Oyne. Hi- and othur leaned men of 
Aberdeen were sumuioaed iu Jauuarr ISOl 
to a conviiQlinn of ibe nobility in Edinburgh, 
10 difpnto with Knox and other mformnra 
rcf^triiing tbemnMand aimilnr conttoveriial 
inattetv. Knox roRraaiinl* lAstWa as timidly 
declining to commit him)«lf to any upiniou, 
nnd afflrming that he knew noibing but tw- 
/■uiiwand ivfumiu (Ksot, Work*, ii. 141). 
Lmlie hinuelf, buvever, affimu tltat he and 
tho other doctor* alrenuoualy ooQiendcd for 
Iho ancient doctrine and uwgee (lie Orvw, 

p. 574). They wen for aouie time dutuini-d 
m KdiiiburB)^ to iliat tliuy miglil li«teii to 
thL-jiroachmg of the Terciniieira,ftud, according 
to flDotliM •ccouot by Ijmlie, wore »vna li«tpt 
ID prison, and wire not not. fnM) till ihcr B*™ 
siiTvti<^i> ihat ilicy nimld nppunr for triid when 
cnllod upon (mtfory, Bkunncyno dub ed. 
p. 'J9S). 

On till' d«alli of Quoen Slnry'* hiubaad, 
Pniucis II, LesUo was comm'UaiOned by 
Hiiutty aixl oilier cntliolic nablea in tlie 
north tn visit b«r in FroncOi and to invito 
her in thnir name to tvturn to Scotland by 
way of Abnrdoon, wbi^n a forcn of twenty 
thoiunnd catholic* would be at bcr diopoMl 
to cntiblL- bur to mount thu thron« u & on* 
tbobe wv<-rei^ (LGSLtB, Dr Orient, p. &T5 ; 
lfiW.I)ftntuitjtiunubed.u.a01). Oil ir.,V|ii-il 
he bad (tti ini*Tvi*w with Mnry nt Vitrv in 
Chnmpugne, and, nllhoitgli «ho di-clin>'>i to 
adopt IiIm KiigDcutions, ibi,' cnmmnndiHl bim to 
remain ncor tiur pcr«oii. Wliilo in Khuiok 
Lualie uniucoiua fully mdcMouivd lo uuliri 
the flyiupatliicM of the PopN tho CtnUnul of 
LorraiuL', and othBraioMiuilf of theScottlsb 
CQiboliM. lu )5tS2 be wu named profMwr 
ol'oanon Inw in King*e Colleg* mid univuwity 
of AU-Mifn, nnd on Ifl Jnn. l-'i64--5 Im wiu> 
tnnd'' nil nnlinnry jiidgo of tU" rnmt of »i)»» 
wvon. Ill ii'iU.) ho wm choiiMi a mpmber of 
lliu privy council. miilcinH bi.i first iippi-nr- 
ancci al tlii.> cuuiioil mvL-tiii(['uu IH Ol'T. {lieg. 
F. C. Smil. i. 3S0), Aucordlua lo Knox, it 
wM on i!ii> lulvice of T.esUti mid oiber* tlint 
tlin qiiwn cTotlcd the pritpoanl of tlii> nifwniwl 

e(y tlmljprRTloiiii to btrr mnrringi- to Ilnvii- 
_ , nho sbouM hold n con vent ion nt I'nrlh to 
' tiilti- Ik liuul ordiT for religion' ( It'orkt. ii. 
481). lu February fullowing Lc*li(< obtain eil 
the abbiicy of I.indores sfter rootiiviiig a dis- 
pviiMiioii to bold it from tba pope on the 
24tb (l.ning in ApMsdix to Kxox, ii. iXIt). 
On tbfi dentb of Henry Sinclair, Uthop of 
Itom, he wim prumoti-d to tbiil sri-, anil th>' 
appointment waa conlirmed in April 1500. 

On tilt nigbl iif Itiziiu'ii murder the bishop 
w».y ill att4tidniici}onlhequcen iii Hulyruoil . 
but immi'ilint-'ly oftenntrds obtained Uav- 
firom Ilnnilcy to 'go whsro he would' (C^''- 
Il'itlUtd MSS. i. 334). On th« qil(i>n*= flight 
lo Dunbiir he mat h«r there to coiuiill on to 
the *tep» which should he takim for her de- 
fence and the avenging uf the murder (Kxox. 
ii. S2n). Fromthftimeof theDam1«^mar- 
riAge LmIId bad been th«< queen's cbidf ad- 
vi««r in Ii«f ccchwoKtieal policy, nnd be now. 
ac(!oiding to rumour, won olno the ^odwill 
of liiithwull by hitobilily to 'take a cup too 
many' (Randolph loO^uil, 20 June IJilXl, on 
th« authority of the juraoii of FIIbInv Sir 
Janwa Balfour: Oil. Slatt P»j>*n,Fot.Sei. 

I6e0->*,piiiry ii09>. It was cliielly throufl 
L««li»'« advice that in tbU year tlie qua 
nnpoint^d u commiMnoD Co revive andpoblii 
thii law* of Scotland, the rwult beinjf ~' 
publication in tha aamoirearof the *Ai 
and Conititutiounia of the Ki-nlme of Scot 
Uud from the Ke«|pie of James I.' The I 
stales that wbra Uie lime of the birth of 1 
child draw near Mairoenc for hini,anda*T«i| 
him her eutin* confidence, enlnisiiiig to nial 
Iter will and the toventoiy of W jewdsJ 
(Lnlie'a ■ NtTMlivo nf the ProgriHa of BroMi.l 
in Scotland,' in t'onnu-LiUTH. yarralim «f ' 
ScvHUh Catkolict, p. 113). 

The bishop was one of the member* of the 
privy council who on 20 Mav lolS' give ia- 
structionH for thu trial of Botliwell for Dam- 
1ey'« murder. Bodianan creilit^ him with^ 
sugOTSting the fieisuro of the qaeen by Both- 
wcll(//i>f. ■S-flf/.bli.XTiii.l Ai>4Tlhn*eiiure 
he joineil Jinn- and Dothmil] in Dunbav 
(Gif. Statf. i'apfn, For. Ser. loOO-S unt 
lit}]), and he wax prcaent nt ibe mevtir 
ofthoprlvvccuucilon her return with Be 
well to Edinburgh {Rfj. P. C. Smtl i. . 
et teq.) He, however, affirms that be ea-j 
tirely diiapproved of iklary** marria^ tol 
notlivell, and iwmI bia iiTmoit piir(ti(i.*iob* to 

(n-vwit it (■ Xarrntire ' in I''oniii:>-l.i;ii'", p. 
23). He al«o atates that a(lcrlhematria(»< 
Mary come to him in great dirtreas, and ex>) 
prunsed cinoitfe repenlancu and regret (iH.) ■ 
LLiilie continued laichful to her cau«e. Oa 
1 i .luue he wits received hy Sir Jam«M Bal- 
fotir into the castle of Edinburgh ( Cal. SlaU 
J'fiprrf,Fot. Ser. 1668-8, ontrv I2«8)i bat 
when Balfour, after Cnrberry l)ill, anugnl 
to deliver it toihelcinH>piirty.heandotlien 

were let out hr a pualern gAte (ClLDEKWOOD, J 
ii. ^Hyj ). He joined thoae who, rin 'Ji> June, f 
met ul Uiiniharton to plan nieaMun-a for the 
i|iitteti'* ilelivemnce : tut afterwards ' all 
b"ing full of tumult,' h« withdniw to bis 
diiiii'-se (Dlirvuriir, p. 9). 'fli'inj ho n>mninn() 
fii^iriuied in liii t^cloiiiasticiil dutiea till ' 
Mury, on her escape from Lnehleren, sum>.| 
m"i\-'i| )\]m '" meet her ut Hamilton. Ila« 
li:i-i' ni I f" "III '. lier, hut before bia ftrrivnli 
V.I.- r^ii-i' I III ' 'ti loal at Lang«idi>,and ahaT 
li.Lil iloil I I I . nil. Whcin Ivtimboth agreed J 
111 a eoiii '■ I.I ' III York with the Scottish] 
eoinmiuionen in r«fer«noe to tho chnrgefll 
nji'iiiust ihuir ouneu, I.*mUo wa» nunimoriocl' 
by Mary to Button to conmll about the ntcpe 
to be taken in her dcfeoce. He arrived »n 
18 Sept., nnd waa appointed her principal 
oonauMioner nt the inference. His dilTi- 
cult duties were diaohargad with ccniumnuUe 
ability and to the queen's imtin: aatiafadion. 
Tlie sebome fbr the Norfolk marriage fse* 
Kowimi, Thomas, tn, fourth Dl'sb oi> mi 




VOLKJ Hcmt to bnVR oH|;tn.-iIly li^n Mit Ml 
JboL by him Mid WiUiaa UailUiiil of lathing- 
I too [q. T.}, in utdiT to inttodncc • dUtnrbioff 
•UmMit lato the ne^iBtioiu. 

After die coneliinoa a( Uio ftbonire pro- 

oMding* St York uid Wesimiiutef, LmIm, 

ia Febnnry 1009, joined Mtry >i Tulbui7 

CMtIo; but iihonly aft«r bia •rrival h» and 

Lopd Boj^ vct« wraMrd and placod in wd 

in BiirtaaKii»>Tmit, whorn ha mmftiiw^ till 

.Ihetaiot Afni(INtemrm,f.iS\ Dnring 

^Ua^M«nce in EngUad be wa* dcprired <.•( 

) mrauea of lii* biabopric. ElicabMh at 

I iMiiMt daiirod the ngecit Uon^ to jer- 

% ua bubop'a officng to oollect tlie r»- 

lof til* biabopric ((U. Slat* Paprrt, 

i8n.I66B-71,nnirT3l3>; bntibcrvqawt 

laMMiBpliMl witli. ami the bUbop waa 

, lorsocne tint in extreme want, till tbrouf^fa 

rtb« iBiennifdiation of QuMn Marv b« t^ 

[>MaTed • ^ranl of mooe^ botn Spain {_IHt- 

l«MW»r, n. TO), ^^ttortlr aAor beinff set at 

[libwty frnm ILiinmi-on-Tma, the bodiop wts 

l«ppotKtad bjr Mary bnr aBBbawadoc to tho 

l^ucen otf Gniiland, with th* apocial o^oct of 

I ftnvnpn;^ cuodilian* bj whieti (Jic might bo 

t •et at iiliertjr and natored to her ctottu ; but 

I hteaecivt-ronimiMiuBi'xtvniMiiinGbb^ond 

I 'this. He m» tlie chief meao* of eooniMBi- 

I batimti MaiT and her lupportvn in 

(Scotland, and larmJy onp^cd la inttiffuoK 

on ber behalf, bolu with tha Scotiiob noblna 

■nd with farnxn ["won. He alio found 

0]if>OTtuDit)r to nubliHh under an assiunod 

BWne at I^adon liis * lIcfenM of t he Honour 

of Qua«n Mar^,' in wrliioh her urit^iial n^t 

to th* aooeaaMoa to the English thrtme «u 


Oa Norfolk*! fintt committal to thcTovror 
in OotobcT \Ttl^ Lrtlie wna inlorrogat^d at 
^leuth bnr tbi- FOuDcul m to hti coniwietion 
t with lh» Norfolk muTria^ >cbrmc (Uatses, 
StMU P-/»«,w^ 613-4; ChI. Hatfifld MSS. 
p. i^i). lo Inn ivply he gave a minute ac- 
count of th'i nntcoiiatioM, b«t added that 
IMtliinK farther luul pnMod batWMO Mary 
I Mid Norfolk niiiM t he jimrioiitJiinn than 'an 
flneUBatina of fnvinir and goodwill in Uaty 
tA ngTM lo what miffbt bu niwt acceptablu 
to her BW^MIir.'and that no oonln^.-! iMi«tud 
betwaen tlipm (IUtsbs pp. •'•1^1-'; Gil. 
XatJUld MSS. i. On i;> Jan. l-VSO-TO 
lb* rrp-nl .Momv cliargrd llie hUbop with 
batDg eooMTBRcl in ihr rrhoUioo of th« north 
of EngUad < Oil. State i'aptnSar. Srr. I .^10- 
ISn.MttyO^&K UnthoSOthtlunmLonwrotu 
to a limllar dTiKt (ib. eiitrr «I>>5|. He vraa 
aooMqaenilyarrcatcdaadooRSnnl uiihinthn 
IBiahapof t'Ondoa'ahoaaein thecltrfor (bar 
: nonth» {Ktrourw. p. Kl). In March, six 
wadts after his arrvai, be «u brvuglit liefon 

the council at nampcoD Court, when h* 
ctr«naou«ly dcciiod all cooinectian with tho 
riainff, Th« hope of Ibieifa ■wirtaape hj 
which it waa eoeouramd was luidoubudlf 
fed hy him. but no delJititc erideneie agaiatt 
him wax furthc<itnin^. and he was sot at 
liberty in May. tin Mill nontinncd Dogotia" 
tioDS for Qu««a Mary's rottoralinn, and on 
iboMOoad inraHoaof 8ao(landhy the Kag* 
1<^ taret* ha coatrired to have' the paMi 
bull drjKMini; Eliisbrlb nailed t^nut the 
Itubop ai Loud' -n'd <t<<Or [t/ttt FbLTOIC, JoitX, 

d. l'til>]. On the final failure tn Mai«h 
1-"I of negotiations for Mary's rMtoMtion, 
ha eadmroutwd to oitliM Iba military aid of 
tba Inag of Spain (letter of the Bishop of 
Rom, Simaneaa MS., quoted in Fbovhb, 
UiMory, ix. 387'ft). The ui^ agent, Iti- 
dolfi, waa alio employed by liim to entice the 
Duke of Norfolk into ilte sch««n« oa the 
prombe of Man,-'* liand (tlix Diib>af Alva 
lo Philip n. 7 Xiny 1571. in Tbulht. v. 77- 
86); but ibn coDXji'inicy vru cut short by 
tho capture in April nf Itiilolti'i inMtengcr, 
Choiln Baillic .'q. v.], at Unver, with copiea 
of the buhop'a tiook in defence of the iiu««n, 
and with eompromising letters to Nnrfolk, 
Leslie, ntid the Spanish «mba*aadar. Baillie 
nana^-<l with the conniTano* of Lord Cob> 
hoB to conniy the mupectcd paper* Kt«retly 
to ihe bishop, who with the aid of the 
Spaaiah ambaisador hastily replaced them 
with a set of coaooeied documenbt of a faintly 
Goaiproniisbg Itind to be laid before Lora 
Binvhli'v. Althou^ a full cnnfcmon of the 
<I«c«|)tioii was iiltia)8t«tywriin^ from Ilsillin 
on S May ^^71 (lottnr of Bnitllr In Lord 



who at noco 'put in order' all his papef* 
{DUnnrx, p. IM). Meanliine tha liiiJiop 
bad beoouo proetraled by his anxioti<f<, and 
waa eou&ned to bed ; but Li* malady did not 
preveot his Mtrm interrof[«iion by four 
memb^ri of tlui fiiincil, who enlMwl bi3 
houM on IS May. To thi-ir demand for «- 
planntiDn* (mw Articles for the Kshop of 
Itou in McBVIS, p. 13) the bishop, while 
declinini.' a^ ambassador to regnnl liimwif as 
Bccuuntable to say bul his royal mistrew, 
assured them that the nttriniiicc* of KidoIB 
wMe ' nothing but nn Italian diacourae of no 
moment, nor yot to bi- laken heed unto' 
{THterMrff, p. ]6rt; Mrsiii.v, pp. IJ-lfl). 
NntwilhMandinK bis protcBtaliotw li.> was 
carried tiu.\t dny to the house of ihn lliihop 
of Ely in Holbora, and wns innt. lo the 
Ushop'a country residencv in ihc Islo of Ely 
on 1- Auir,, aftiT tlw confnuuons to lWk«T, 
nigfonl. Ibinisicr, and others had exposed 




the wbolo coBspincT. On 3 Oct. Norfolk 
wMayainaent totbe Tower, and on the 19th 
LmIm vrw taken iMck t« Londoa, wbece Im 
«w at fint ikuin«d ia th» boiue of lb« tord 
major. lli« pU* or privil^fo a* an ambajK 
miiat wa* overruled (aocamMit in A. p. IH). 
After briag broujtlit befbce the council on 
S< Oct. be wu fvnt to tlu: Towrr, wbcrc be 
vu ktpt a cloae prisoaev. 

Ob W cm. lie mad* ■ confetaioii of ibe 
OuIb otttlinM of ilw ooMfiiMej <«(. pfi. 19- 
39), and on the 31« gans minut* axplana- 
tiooiof all IUBumpanieulani(»&.pp.33-d: 
at. HatJUU XSS. pp. «.» 7 ). TEcm wvra 
M^ploncatad br ttiQ fuitbcr explanatMiw 
on S Not. iMitbimk. pp. S8-I0> aad S and 
e Not. <A. pp. 4I~J»). He kinaelf Uata* 
Um be ' cunninglf exleaoai^ ' tlw ' criaM* 
oir tbe otber coa^uaum' (caw or th* Ksbop 
ofROMiJliM-Um Jtfuorffa»y.ii.483); bat it 
vaa nrTetUi«U««cbwflf on !ii> i-ridcooe tli*t 
lh« Dull* of Noffblk sw executed. Un 
3 Nov. bn mweoded in detpatchiag a letter 
to (^cva Man-, which, bomrer, waa iiit«r- 
oeplcd. adrisiDg Tbat abe tbotild write to 
£&nbetli biddiag ber reject tbe tOauniMiU 
of her eocouw (MrxDix, pp. 44~d; Or/. 
BatfiM aiaS. p. Ml I. IIktioh on 6 Nor. 
a»ltedp«niuation towrilcto Mar,rl/)i>mH/«e, 
p. S37), b* on 6 ^'ov. infonncd ber of hia con- 
Bmion.andwpw— eiltbeopinioo that the di>- 
eovetj of Umot deeigiis was blended bj GoiTa 

r'Bitemplojnag like auwu for bar nliefu 
faiaTe(MrnDix,pr.&4 7: (M-HatJUU 
XSS.ff.!i3AA). <)n tbc same da; be gave 
Dr.IlianiaaWiboa tbeunprnMiontlMt bewaa 
glad ■ tbat tbeee ptaelicee had bees btou^ 
to lisbt.' and that be betd lh» wont opinion 
of Mary's character (MraBiv, p. fffV !Ii« 
Mme Mtach on ilvoaocn haa baen accaptod 
by Mr. Froodo and otW»» ea aetiona eTw l time 
•gaintt her, bat it ia plain that it waa —-'-*]■ 
ude with the aim of •e««riag bit liheety. 
Amiblj it prodnoed •oeae impneaton on 
Cecil. Mil be was atUl retained a prieoB«ireT«a 
after Norfolk'e eieciiiioB. In Maj 1573 an 
andaavoar wa« madn br ihi* kinji* paitjr in 
Scotland, wbn jr^pa^ri bim niib bittcreM 
boitility, to obtuB bii delivirry to then ia 
exchanp- fur the Earl nf Xotihumbeiland 
(Cal Statt Fiapm, Seott. S^. pp. 390; •139). 
and OB 13 June Iha EaH of .Maf nwdo umilar 
■nlicatiaa oa tha ground of certain tre«ti«i 
aad eoUneta of peace {A. p. 386). About 
the mam time, bmrercr. tbe Dnlie of Mont- 
aonacj, oa behalf of the king of FranM. waa 
endeavotDii^; to M«iir« lui libeMv, aad Eliaa- 
beth eoipwieod tbt naattcr bf nooiTing 
him from the Tower to Fainham CWtk, the 
•tatoflbeBiahoporWindMNcr. (Begud- 

ing an iueriplion bj Leilia ta the Bloody 
T<iw»r. »™ .VvTm aerf ()wne>, 4lb eer. 1. 1 "i, 
MS, STi.) In October UTS he pleaded for 
bia r«iraM in a tAlin oration, whieb be ie<nt 
to Eliiab»<h. ELiMbeth mtvM to hai« been 
bTourably inclinod to bim, aad ihiadidicale 
oompUmenl lo her learning did not U*Mn 
ber eelcem. On 11 Xot. he waa hrMvbt to 
Londoa, and on tbe 10tb k waa intimated to 
hint by tbe Msaeil thai be nugbt have b>> 
liberty on condition that be leR Ei^laad. 
In Januiry 1.>74 be landed in Fiueaaad 
pMonedcd'to I'atia, where en t4 Feb. ba 
wrote a letter on hthalfof Qwm Marj to 
tbe Idni; of Knain (TEtrurr, t. ISO-I). Ob 
the l:;ih of tbe aune nonib tbe Seottiah 
privy council publiahed a declantiwi afcaiiiM 
aapplyinff htm and other itaitota b-'joad 
{ aaas with ' money, flnaaoe, oounael, or other 
aidVK^. P. C. SrotL a. SU). After n- 
raainiojE about a ye<ar in Pant, I.ealia wont 
to Home (pedally to rcprcBtnt tha J n t a tB H a 
of Mary at tbe papal eonrt. The 11 biMii i>f 
captanaethe young ktng and eoanfiH| 
to a catholic country to be tiliwWiia 
comhinatioB atfsIiMi Motion in 1S78 
•naeiallraa ihSaTTnm. Hitl. ^Setimmd, 
ti. imi, ir. 10. SO), lb* mttaioB of ~ 
Stuart to ScoiUod. and ilie 
ntion and rxrcuiion of Morton, 
or leaa inoeahle to him. Hii Ikmoc 
occBpeed in writin); hi- Latin hiatoay 
Scotland, which waa pubUahed at Ronae i 
IIS7S. TowanklbecUieaofthai yaarheww 
•rnt by the pope to riail certain cathoBa 

E'DCes of the empiM in tlw intacaau of 
iiy Queen of ScaCn. and alio to eeoara tlU 
ivetoralioa ofcertain Smltiib nonaiti 
tieottiah Konka (letter of the 
Boaa ta the kinc of Spain, 8 Frb. IS, 
TstnJCT.T. 1^-3). On tbe bcaden of 
raine he «ai c^mrrd by a BroMatant ai^ilo, 
and was kept in oaptitiiyiEiv twann'-^lonr 
daya, in the Mief that he WW the atchbiahop 
of Boaaano, a papal bcaio (the Uuka Doo 
Joan dr Vet;^» to PhDip II. :^t Jan. 1579, 
A,T. 17't-7>. lie went on t>> Patia byoeder 
at tha pope, ao aa to watch mope aamnr^ 
the pfugrvaa of annta in Scotland (Bbbw 
of Row to Philip U, S Feb. I57», A. p. ie2>. 
Acooedii^ to tbe Arehbiibop u( (Jlaigow, bia 
bad a conimiuion to tn«t wiib the Dnkea of 
I^orraine and Gniae for noririna the ymng 
king of Scotland, and himaelf bad Mtuiamoa 
to eo to Seodand tboold be ihink it Aedt- 
ab£(i».pB.18t-6V ThedMthofAlhoIloB 
94 Aptil Ifi79 fior a time akttatvd the Imam 
of the catholics Not long afUrwaida Ladie 
waa appointed anfiagaa and ncaixyanaral of 
tha dioeaaa of RoBCa. 
tn Jbm IS67 ba wac admitted to the 



knaBt of tlut Act of Pncificauon In ScotUnd, 
boi did not eamfly with Iho nondiiion rv 

Sntring • poo(c<ncni of hU foil!) ; Bad on 
9 Hat 1660 on net ww piuuod puttine iii 
torce lorauf acU agvnM liim and olnen 
BotwithsUBdiiiff rM«at KtniMiouiJ (J^- 
P.C.StotliT.XS). N«TeTUi»leM,ouS»juiu> 
1801 aa ut traa puwd dMUring thx urJo 
mad dttpotitMiii lujtdd out of Ilia bUhaprie 
of Row bjr Ihn exiled biibop nincu hii 
nwtilutioQ Kiid till! Mt of 1087 to be T«lid, 
■U iDt«rmixliaIti acta to tbfl coiitnirf not- 
withatandiafr (I'A. pp. 041-3). Diirici^ the 
dvil war inrnnea no ex«Tteid hi» iufluniice 
with gmt efTect in ascoiui^Bg t!ie ciiiii>nii 
•f RiMcti to hoU out WUiUt t& bnaiefren in 
1S9I^ vid MS rnward^his services hv wan 
ftppoiDlcd bj- Clrmi-nt VIH to llie bislioprio 
ofCoiuLuiMiaNortiiiuidr- Onnocouut.bow- 
vrer.ortbeuiiMlliedcoailiciourif ibucuuTitry, 
it waa impoMiblo fur biin 14 prDC>.>»l to !ii> 
tfoco— , >nd ultimtluly be look up hi* rtiai- 
4muxi in k moDiutflr}' of .\uiruiilininn cnnonn 
U fiuirtoabur;^, nvnt Itriuopla, whnre hn diini 
SOUkj-lSee. Le«liDbadndausbIer,Jiui<M, 
■Bkirieo to Andrew. GlXlilnird of New Ltf^lif. 
■ad Im it oIm taid to liarv hud ■ tecmid 
dkoffbter mttnied to Rich&rd Irviiit-, nrxl a 
H« fonadad » Soottinh coHpc' m. I^Arii, nnd 
laft moMj to fonnd a eollo^ u Douajr. 
Then are noaw old ooEniTing* of LoiJic. An 
CDffTnvinK httm an old portrait i« prefixed to 
the BaonatTM «ditianof his ' Hiator^r.' Ilia 
jportnit ia iiao included in PiukortOD'a gal- 

Aj> s catholic political dispiit«nt and hi«- 
tonan I^^tin occuihm ■ imnuiwhat aimilar 
pOMtioD to that of clflonirn Biiohiuian nmontc 
ihe odonned party. If not irndnwcd with 
•BOh IviUiwit rhetorical eifln a« Buchanan, 
•ad If dettituteof hil iikill in bitli^r iuvFL-livH, 
1m waa at l«att hiii equal in dial«ciicii; h«< 
•xoelled hin in legal Iciaminf, li« wa« u sc- 
eomplitbnd an biatanan, ana m a politician 
and manofoffuMlMwaaKTMtljrliisauperior. 
Hi* principal work, thn ' Hintoryof Scotland,' 
waa orijnnaJIy writiira irt part in tbo Soottitb 
laiuRUgH during luGS~70, whilp ho wu 
■wiilmtt ia EngUnd. for the pvninal uf <)uft?n 
MBryflowhocattwaaptMHniedin l'>7l. This 
Sooituli T«Taioa bear* lh<i title. ' Ili«lr>rv of 
SootUnd from the d««tli of Kin^ JanuM t in 
tbn j'oar MOtocxiiTi to tlio T<iar vot.ii.' It 
venoioed unpubliihod till 1n30.whi.'n it n-as 
printed by th« llaBiiatfiteClubfroiD smanu- 
•cript in the pmnf lioaof the Earl of Mel vi He. 
71u Latin edition of the histor}'PXt«uda from 
tke earliaat timea to the t'nd uf tlip period 
embraced la the Soottiah edition. It b^rs 
tie title, ■ Do Origin*, Moribua, at Rebua 


G«tisScoIorumlibrid(«om: oi|uibui>ee|)t«m 
vetfrum Scotorum ita in prlmui meniointbilea 
contruciiua. rrtii]ui vi^ni trea poaterionim 
1i«>guin ad nuHiis t^mpora hiMoriam, (jnn 
hucuaqtie deeiderabatur, fusiua explicunl. 
.Vcc44«it nova ec nccursia tt«^Loniim t-i la- 
lalnritm Scotinn, mm vara vjiudem tabula 
tipograpUioD, Diucripiia. Aiithore Joanne 

I.eslo'O, tjcolo, Kpiscopo ItnsuHinii. RoBU^ 

in wdibiiii populi Homani, l.'i7W,' (Topio* oi 
the original editjon an- mre ; two up. in tba 
library of the HntJMli Miuwiun (one wilb the 
arms of J. A. tl<< Tli'-iO. and one is in tho 
Advocate*' Library, ICdinbiiriib. It waa r»- 
tmblLthnl in 11S7'), iho nid titli'-pa^ being 
IccpC, witli the nd'lition ' Nun? deauo recns. 
Anno Domini ItiTJ,' iTung^Liivte/SootM 
It'riters.y, MO I slHies ihai ihia latter edition, 
'aaidtoluivebe«n printed in Loiidon,eontaiiu 
ailedication lotheKarlof Rothea Bubaoiibed 
by a Georffe Lealey.' There ia, however, no 
avidi-nre that th» work waa printed in LoD- 
doD, Dor ii the dedication rvfenvd to con- 
taiiii-'d m all the oopioa (the cop/ in the 
Brilich Miuuum dooa not contain it), and 
thi- probabdity la that the dedication wajt 
iiii»>^ried only in a few i^ouiee iuteudt-d for air- 
riilntinn in bcolland. Toe earlier uHri'>f tliu 
irock i^an opitomooTMiqor andrtoece; Ihe 
dencription of tho ooiuntiM and iHtaiidn is, 
howcvirr. to a conaidenbti^ ■■xi>rnt founded 
on indi^pendent obtwrraliou and information ; 
the lalter portion. IrpatinK "f the period from 
1131} to IS6^, ia not a moniiialinlraailation 
of the Scoitiab Teraion preeun<<>d tu Ijueen 
Mary, varioua correctiona, Hilditiuiu, and 
mpprc.ifinns bnin^c made. It la much more 
doliiiM than tho carl ior pari nf Ihn work, and 
ii of KToat value bb a catholic account of the 
events with which tho biahop wo* hinuolf 
peraonally acquainted. A Scottinh troniJa- 
tiou of the l.alin veraion by Father Jamca 
Ualrympie, of tbeScolti»h cleiater of iteRcmt- 
'itatg, dated in 1596, bos been priured bv tho 
Snottish Ti-xt Soeiolj-, ISft4-l*l, under the 
oditorabip of fathnr E, (J. Oody. O..S.TI., 
f rom » manuscript in St. Hi-ncdiot'a Abbev, 
Fort AuffUitua. In the archive* of tli* 
^'atlcan cbcru iiia Latin manuBCript of Loilie 
c'tutaimiigameone narratire of event* &oin 
15II2 lo 1571, and an Bnglixfa translation of 
ibu; 16 publi'hnd in Forb<w-Irt>ilh'a ' Xatratire 
of ScotliBb Catliolica' (LStVl), m. Ht-HO. 
Tlip Imler portion (HSa 1562) of tin- l.«iiH 
Tcrsinn of llie liiMorv i« prptibliahnl in Jebb'e 
■Otilluciiona,' i. UMSU. Oihor work* of 
Leelie ai«: 1. '\ Defence of ibe Houout 
of the Rijilit Higlie, Miprhlye, and Noble 
1*rinceB»e Marie, (Juenne of Scotlande and 
Dowaffer of Frano« ; with a DeclaiKtion aa 
well other Right, Title, and laierMt telhe 




SnocMuon of tho Crowni> of Eii|;tBii<k-, ad 
thnt the Keipmente of Woin^n yi cuufonn- 
abli! lo tilt- Laws of God &nd Natiin>. Im- 
priutud at London in Plata Strelo, nt thq 
eigne of J<i»tk>> Itoyall sgiuiut ths BUckn 
Bell, by Kiijmbiiin I)icRiopliil«, Anno Uom. 
150(1,' Hvo. Tliiii work wn» nlmovt im- 
mndinttily nupprosurd, and copies ore ■vl-tv 
KTv, It was ' «i't forth' after hu obtulned 
Lis libijrlv fmm Burton- oii-Trvdt {Dutoliriir, 
p. til ). tt waft repriulud in I'lTl uiidrr rlic 
tilla, ' A Trentise enjicirniiiK llio l)nf>«non of 
llie Honour,' &c,, made by Mnrcnn Philipjxaj 
Bachplu-of l)ivinit.v,an.lfi7(l. l,i>odlif Lisye] 
niiiid (iiinltprum Morlwrium, 1571,' TUepor- 
tion dniilinif with ihf nucot-iBion is duacribed 
an partly a rmull of 'the advicuof Antonie 
BrouTif, knif^ht, one of tlie J(t»ticc« of the 
Oommun Place, an. 1667.' Copie* of thia 
edition WOTP eeixed on Chnrlns Riiillip. Thiiy 
are Rcnrce, but thp.rn ia onn in the Ilritiiih 
MiiHium.nnd one in thn .\d%-oMtc»' Libmry, 
Kdinbur{(h. It. ia reprinted in Andennin'ii 
' OoUMtionH,' V'd. i, 'This wUlion vuriiMOon- 
atiJarabljr from the orii^iiial onu, e6pt>cia1ly 
in tb« rdbrenoes lo Eliinbeth. According 
tu Jomefl IkUitUnd, the Unt pan of thi» 
treatise waa published in Krpnch nndor th'i 
title, * .Sommkint du livra do fliiillnumo 
SUrwttrt,aii|{mMitinar Andre Muphnt. Mon- 
■tmiit tout43a loa reiwUiou coinmiiK« di>puis 
aoJH nit* et ^ itn Ei-oescavoirestufalctwipar 
Is feuContedeMorniy imur i^rnireRoy.'&c.i 
and the later narl ' on t.h'> l^nnfiilniuji of tlie 
Repinpntof W<>innn'iindnrtliiititlo' Disroure 
4iiir lim AflHir* d'tCsrome," &c. Loilii- hiin- 
snlf publiihcd a Ijitin tnitulnticiu of the purl 
Tvlutini; til Ihi! siicci.'siiion. uiidi-rhia ackiiow- 
It-dgi^d authoraUip. It hon- the titltf, 'Da 
Tituto t>t Jure Biiti'nis'iniiP Priiicipig Mariw 
Saolorum lUyiiire i^no linj.-ni AnRliw Suecus- 
aionna gihi jitmti> vindirnt, t.ilinlliis,' &e., 
Rbeimfi, \'i^<i, 4iii. This rnniion is mpub- 
lithed in Jpl.b'n ' (lolU-Ption*,' i. 33-li»4. An 
Engli*!' cdiiion. tmnxlulDd from ihu Latin. 
W4U pubtmhi'd in I'jSl under the tith', 'A 
Treatuw touchinj^ thr- Right, Title, and In- 
lOTeat of th(> Mutt K.iconi'nt Princeu Marie 
QilMD of Scotland, and of li*rr moot nobto 
King James, hn Qraca** son,' He. Thn addi- 
tion of Kinfi JamM'* name indicatL-d a new 
attitiiili> of the catholics towardu Jami't^ 
SubMsqiii-iilly a French translation by Leslio 
wM publiBlicH] under the tills, 'l)u I>roicC 
et Tiltro di- la sereniscimn l*rinc<>me, Marie 
Sojne d'EwoMiis et do Ircw illuxtri! I'rinco 
laoques ^'I, Doy d'IicostL> son &\»,' kp., 
Rouen, ^687, 8to. The traciate wiu also 
puUisbed in Spanish. Tbe t ract on the ■ Uefri- 
menl of 'Wonii.^n' was translated into Laltu 
under thc! title,' 111! IlluetriiimFteiuinaniro in 

Ktipiiblica adminislninda. ao ferendit l«^ibiie 
aiir.ltoritat«, Libelliui,' Rheims, 1660, 4to, 
with a dedication to Catberine de Hfdic' 
2. ■Jonaniii LosUu Scoti, Bpiso^i Rmmh 
prn Ub«rt«to inpotraada, Oratio, od 1 
ni^fimam Eliiabotham An^tlite KcgiiuiiiJj 
Paris, 1374. 8vo. Thi* orsiion was 
to EUlobelii in Oclobec 1573. It i* 
priuted in Nichols's 'Prograasus of Que 
F.lisabetli,' vol. lil. 3. ' JoaunisLMUei Sixit 
Episcopi Itossen-, libri duo; quorum tuia 
I'ltv olHicti Animi ConHoUtionM. dlvituqiu 
lUn)edis;iiltcro,Aniini Irani) iiilliUiinimcD- 
tum at Consorvatlo, ronlinnntur. Ad scre- 
nissiinam I'rincipom I). Klnrinm Soatorun. 
R«Kiuuni. Hill ndjecimun ejusdem Prini^p 
Epinlulum ad RosscuH^m Episeopum, 
Versus it^m Galileos Liiiino carmine tr 
latos, pias etiam aliquot Preces,' Sic, 
1S74, «vo, The flnit of theM wm writ 
whiln I.nKli<i was in llio Towm ; the Moond,' 
written after he nweivwl the Inlter una 
Krtncli virrsca from the queen, wa.i sent to 
her on I Oct. 1673. Thi.' volume wai tran^j 
lated by Leslie into French under the title,! 
* Les d«^'otes Consolations et divins femedeaj 
de IVsprit alHigA. Livrepremier. KtleRAi»<] 

?art nt prnsKrvatif de I'wprit tranquill*./ 
.iv. '2. Viir It. P. en I>ieu, MosMr* Joan daj 
Les>elio EecMEois, cvchjuc dc Iloue/ Jtcu] 
Kouun, IfiW, smalt l^fmo. There is added] 
' Priere« convenublee a luus vrays chreelieii) 
•'<luns en alltiolion, duniiit lu temps lur- 
lin!'<iit et calauiiteux.' It contains also & , 
dwlicniion to Charles X of FniDoe [eaidinal] 
of Droirbon], dated from ths * PnlaLi ArcbiA* 1 
piscopnl di- Itoiien, liii A Mars, 1690' (Feui* 
i.'iiic(L-]>Ml('jil:i., /.rj />asMU en Firmee, i. 
IJtll. 4. 'Conjfrai.uIntinsereniMimo Prineiplj 
el iUustrisumo Cardinuli Alberto ArdiidiKl' 
Aufttrite, &c. Per R. in Christo P. Joan. 
Leslwum, Episcopuin RuMeneem, Scotiim. 
Sutgidtor aeries coniinun ritie sun f*t at- 
t^tationeni complnrimonim )ineelaronim nt 
olionira : Rotomaifi, priiiiiim publicA autbori- 
tule in ordincTm diaratn et nd S, 1», M. Cle* 
mentcin Ocliivum mi»a nuuo ludS, Delude 
iuslunii BirreuiBiimo priiicipe Eroeslo Areld- 
ducH Au«iriu» itA'tgii giil)ernatorerenoTBla,el . 
■■juA mnndiiioadwicrHniCatlioUoamMifjMUi-J 
<'^m l'hilipmri?(iif IIl'iiiiniarumd»Uta,iBeiu* 
Januario 16(^6, ut elih'm Kpiseopo iii Ileltiin 
jmjvideaiiir,' Bru»«'l». 16IW, 8vo. Ui-prlnled 
in Anderson's ' Collections,' vol. i., and ft 
translation of the life also included invol. ilL 
6. ' A Discoarso c«iit«iivinge a perfect Ac 
compt givnn to the nifwt vprtoou" and 1 
Knilento Prlncosie, Murir- (Jiipon of Spots anil 
her Nobility, br .lohii I.f.»lity, liUhop of 
Koase, Ambassador fiir her IliRlineji toward ^ 
the Quecoe of England ; of bis whole Cbar^ i 

dftUd ' fnm thvprioon colW shn Itlnodv- 
loiipn wJlliititlioTiMiniaf ljon(loa,'2iJ.Uiiroh 
IttJi, uiij w«* Km pubii«li«i) in Aii<tcrBon'* 
'OoUeeiiocu.'ToLiii. Ttd Inngmg* waa wa- 
glidaed b^ Dr. OomI, uiil tfa* probable in- 
WDtion M Uie bishop wu to puUiah it. 
6. ' CoauBMiUri* Dianu JoMUiJa LmIio, 
EpMCopi BoMUuiit, LmtiMNniwtnn Maria 
Beotonim Bo^nn in AngUa.* Pablinbod in 
. tliB 'BwnutviK^MiaMllaii.v/ii. 117-66, bom 
rCUig.aui. art. 1). 7. 'The Coaeoif tka 
{Biahop ot Rata, Rendmii of tlie Queeo of 
fiteu, wbo VS8 Kited 4nd committMl to Uio 
Tomw,' lea. PuMiaM in 'Aornvn TncU,' 
'HaHtint Soti*tf» WtetiOinr; it. 490-2. 

Tinw MaitUnd, ton of William Jlniilntid 

of I^Aliiiigtaa, in 'An Apnlofrin for Williun 

I UftilUnd uniiiR tho lie* um o«liuiuuifi of 

, Jbone Lwue^ Biabop of Rtu», Quorge Du- 

cbanan, and William Canulen as aiUkora' 

lAMif. .tfA-. Brit. Mui.aS002,r. 290: umaUo 

JIUl. ,V«$.aiiiiM.7tb£U^pp. 439'»n, at- 

trilniln> to Ltalia UOOIIg Otliar publicnlinn*: 

1. 'A liltlo iNuapblftl inSpnoiah: lt«l>«ion 

de loa COM* do SchiNiia,' piiblitbed 'willi- 

out AJnjr name or dtli^.' L'. ' Th« Copic of n 

LmIct irritMi out of ScholiaiKl bv ou YLng- 

EahGoBlleaMoof ciwdit and wortilup si'tviii^ 

r tfcar imto a iSicnd am) Kiuoinaa ui lii» lliat 

I'daayiad to b« iafann^ of tli« Tmath and 

I Circumntaaoa* of the SlaDd«roui> and Tn- 

' &BK>tu Iteporta tnaidnoflboQ. of Schotlnud 

at tbal tjma rottreiiwd in maDOTof IVisonr 

in Bnittand,' published ' witliout an,v namu 

of author, printtrr. AaXir, or supmscript.' 

3. ' L'IiiDuo!o«? (l«Utruaitluiitiv,trc8cliaHl<.' 

tft dftboanairv PTinciHa SiadAin Marlt* lC«ynu 

V ir.72. rvpiiblialu:.nii Jpljb*« 'Col- 

Elaetioa«,' i. 3&-13I. Maitland sialOi that 
t«ll thaaa tluoo w«n irTitt«a \ff Laslio whila 
in Bnjclaod. tin (lIwi attributM to I.£iiliR 
'Maitjrn- da 1* itayni! d'Kaeoaaa, Uouairiim 
da Frauoi,' l.'JitS, luually aambed to Adam 
DIaciwooa [q. v.J 

llifa, rapahliabecl in AndonoD'a CollerlioQ* 

njating tv t)io Jlntarj ot Mary Qntpa of Srot- 

' Jand, Tola. i. and iii.; ViaeuwM^ dc, iii toL iii. ; 

f mrtoriN of Knai. CWIdorwood, Ita«buiaii. and 

[Lalia hiawtlf; Oal. SUU PApon. For. 8«r, 

^H^n of KluabMh ; C«L 8ul« Popmt. l^t. Sar: 

^Xag. P.C.8(»tl.TOliLi-ir.; C>t. Uatfiald HSa 

I parta i. B«d ii. Unjnt^t .Suto Pnpen; Hmlln'a 

'Btat* Papfni TmIm'* Rulalion* Pttlitiqaa*: 

Loliar* of Maria ftaart, ed. LabaDolfi Lord 

Uarrie*'* UBmoiia (.tbbotaford (Sob); Sir Jamea 

MrlrilliTt MoMMrin (BaOMlyna Cl«l>) ; Hitt. of 

Jaom lb* e«u (BaoMtyoa CInb); fronda'a 

Uiit. of Enjtliuid ^ □iicofiid oTSuiUtid hj Bill 
Bunon andXyllwr; Lifo in Daii-l Irring'n Ling 
oT Sootifh Wriian; Fr^nPuquc-Miobel'it Laa 
Geoaiab «□ France ii. IIA-S) -, Jnin>luctian by 
Father E. O. Codj W LmIio'* Ui^torv of Snol- 
IftndprintallivSMiltishText Soe.1 T. F. O. 

LESUE, JOHN', nxth EtSL or Romn 
|li!>uu-liill|, aa« lit tb« kiadeT* of tli« eo- 
Tonantini; party, horn in 1600^ irta the only 
aon of Jatni.'*, muli-r of Itothe*, who died ia 
March 1007, by Cnthmne Drummnad, bia 
second wift>. In 1621 he vma unnrd h-ir to 
liisKrend&tber, Andrew, flflh oari '<|.T.],wha 
diedinlOlI. liolhM waaonuof tliecummia- 
aionora at tho polUamoot or 10:^1 wbu votud 
ofiainit tbo fivo articles of IVrtli (Cildkr- 
waoD,vii. iiiA,49S). In 16L>6 hewu sent to 
London, alotift urit h otlii-r commiarionara, to 
pvtitiou a^l[ui the Act of Ilnvocacioa of 
r2l3c<. Iti2.'),b,v wLioh church propertrin tha 
luLndsoflaytnen reverted tutbi' crown. 'At firil. 
thn Icing '^torcnod at ihf [wtitioii ta of ton 
hiah n atrain from potitioaera and mibjects ' 
(lJALR)i;ii, AnnaU, ii. 1A3), but ultimately 
oommiaaionRni wcm appointed br wliicii a 
compromiao iraaarrired at. At tne opening 
(if parliamoit on thoviiil of Cbarlna to Scot- 
land in 1033,Rotht«boR'llieaceptiie(SrAiJ»- 
mo. MmtwialU, i, .^7), But tne oppoaitian 
of the Soota to the king'a eool<«iaaiicu volicj 
wu greatly etrsngtbened bv the aiiilitT, 
eloqacnoe, and reeotuiion oi ItoUies. lie 
denounced oa unTarrantabte Ibe act which 
oonjoinod an aeknowlodftment of the royal 

{rpTOKntiiri! nith nn iiclinowlL>dffment of the 
inj-'n authority to dt-tormini.' tUo apparel of 
lbs judxi-'K luaifist ratio, and ihu clcrj:^. The 
clauM r«?f>-rriu^ lu ibu 'appurt'l vf kirhmvn' 
here^rdedaaanoncToachmHUI ontliewcleai- 
astiutl pTM'OgBtivM of the kirk, Ihv kinv, 
howevRr,r«ftued tohA*»th«bill ditideil, A 
mnjorilr of tbo votM doclarmi in its fnvniir, and 
Kotha a attempt to challonfTo the curmcrnFifa 
oftfaeniunben waaoTorruledbvCbarlra. At 
thocloainKofparliamentDn Wjiui<.-Iti.t:i,thc 
Earl of ulencaim look Ihu placi- of Itoihoa 
ia bearing the aoeptre (,»ft. i. 40). Clacmdon 
etatea that Cbarlee, who entertained a limrty 
with the ntmoit coldneae (JlUt. <^ BtMUan, 
cd. 1819, i. 13)>). 

RoUiee buaiUil tlie oppaution to the pr^ 
poaedintrDductiouof the prarei^hook into tbo 
aevTJoea of tlie kirk in ltlA6, and mj tho 
oblef otfganiMT of tLe movement a^inst cni- 
•oopacy, of whlcU Arg^rll became the l«aaei 


OTLL, 1606-1O6I]. Accoidioff to Spalding, 
Kothira and otbdn drew itpyMfare 1636, a 
■ecr Rt band ' to orerthraw tbe biabop* '( Mtmo- 
riaiU.'t.'iO). l^lyinthit yearbcoddreated 




* circular letter to thu noblemon anJ )ireiit1»- 
man who hud hit.harto lii.-ld alooturg'iriK tiuta 
to inku n firm ataiid uti beLalf of the Ubertie* 
a(t\v! kirk. Along with tjOudouo ftQd Bal- 
meriuo lii- aUo xin&rioak tlie rnTision of the 
nuw Tersioii of tho cnvpnnnt drawn up by 
linitono of Wurrinlon nnd Alcinndirr lii-n- 
Bijii ntuvJIBH, Relation, p. 09). IIu wiu 
one of the dT-|)Utnlion uppcinted to jdwI the 
Mnrquisof Huiniltu[i,llii-l[iTig'«commLH»iuiii.-r 
to tile allSl^^llll^> on Iu4 urnvu] in Suoll&nd, 
■nd gBve him wiirniiig of th" a'titiid^ ol' 
thecovi-iiftnter* tnwarda the kind's pri>poBiiU 
(GoKDoN, SfTi^ji Affnirt.iA'iS; Sp»LiiiXii,,1f«- 
moriatlt, i. Sit), At the oMumbly he i» siiid 
to hrivfT'»|>oki!n moru limn kII thi- min.iii[<:n>, 
wxMpt the modi' m tor ' (Gobdoic, ii. HH). and 
wbi;n the ii<!iembly wasdiMolved by tlic^cotn- 
roiwioiier ht^ yrxweutcd it prut--*', uuainst iti 
dUsoItition. In case of the n.'ji<i.'i.ioii '^f tlie 
king** deiiinnde, Ilnmilton had ihri^nlitiiml 
that Cbarle* would mnrrh north lo Si-otlimd 
inpetson wilhforty thounandmcni.*yior( /ii«- 
ia/ioTi.p. l.lolinndltothtMiitniiBhtwnyJoiui'd 
hill kinmann. Atuxiind«r Leslie, uft-^rvrurda 
Earl of Lcveii [a. v.], in prepuriii),' for nriu«d 
nwisiance. LcBlie drilled Rothti^'sdcp'-ud-'oi" 
oudfollowtr^in Fife. Iti>liin« iidviuwlihepor- 
choM of arm- and nrcoutri^mi'iiti in tlollnnd, 
»tid the reciill of the mpiTii-accd SL:i>iliiih 
filHcerit Biirviiiir in tori'ign countri™ iSp.ild- 
iNO,i. 1.10). On T> March Rothi-s and otht-c 
RoMiw,wilh oni! thousaud muikeleers, went 
to the pnkce ii( Li.>fd-treiiBtiryr Trii'piair at ' 
Dalkeith, seif'-d much ninmuuilioii atidaniiA, 
kud brought the myal i^mignt of i in- kingdom 
— thn crown, (word, nnd sccptri;— to lhi-cn,stle 
of r.dinbiirgh (Bjii.ln'i;tt, Anna!', ii. '-VJ-J, cf. 
:tM). Ihi 7 April the kinit iwiu'd ii p^l- 
idaraution exi^eplinu niiivteL-u leader-) of thi> 
cOTonnnterr. ineluditig Rothre, trom pardoti. 
Rfithus accoiupauied th* army of floneml 
IawUp in Juno to lliiiige, nml wa» one ' 
of the cotnmtMioner)- appnintiid to tr<4t with 
the Ititig. Whi'n th'- kiiiji't diK-.lnraiion was 
n-nd by ih" Inrrnld on lil Jiin-- (it Kdinl>tir([h, 
Kothe* nnd other cove nan I inn noblemen pni a 
notice that they adhered to the UHeiubly of 
Glaajtuw, bnt tlie herald refuited lo aecept 
theif prot««tatlon (I'ft, ii. Sli3). The coi'e- 
nanter» wer« slow to tlisband their I'orcen, and 
their leader* were again siicnmoncd to cunfer 
with Oharli-H at Borwick. Itothw wu th* 

Krincipal ■pokivmiin of the oppoaition, and 
ia hi)[h tone loll the king to aenounw him 
an/trilya* mi nqiiivocBtor undli«r(//ii»tiV(ort 
J'opfn, t'amdeii Soc., u. !18). At tho parlia- 
iQeot held in Edinburghmthe following Sep- 
(lUtrotrn, Aiuiab, ii. 360). Rolhcft and the 
OovcmftnliDgnoblwiiiHiHBialettcrlo the king 

of France, asking hi* aid ajfainit England, but 
it was inlercepted in April, and wan jnni lo 
the king ; letter printed in SPiLDiNo's .Vemo- 
rmll; i. 2ii>i). Tli<!reupon Charles aummuned 
the Short ^nrlianiont, in order lo raise HUp- 
plietfnrun invasion of Scotland. ThelloiiM 
of Commons proving refractory wiw won di»- 
Bolved, and the Seola anticipn'tnd Ch«rlea by 
invading EiigUnd. On 27 Aug. ItUO Itothea, 
ill coiiimaiid of a regiment, and at one of tlw 
CO mm i tt«e of th« esMtee, Bcoorapanied LmUk'* 
army acroa* the Tweed (BuJVrB, AnnaU, ii. 
3*21. According to DuRiet, the Scflt* were 
induced lo tak* tbi« bob] ttep by a hand of 
the principal Kngllnh nobility u>n't hy Snvile, 
and eonficfed lo tlirei? pi'Mon-i, Uot he*. Argyll, 
and .lolinslone of Warri-ilon {Own Time. nJ. 
ICt^'J, V. lu). Afler the occupation of .Now- 
ca«lli> RoIhM yna one of the comnilHiiooers 
nent to London In November to conclude 
ihit nngotiationa for a treaty whioh had beea 
begun at RipoQ, and alVr the paciBcatMB 
Wat urraogM he remained in England at the 
court of Cnnrle*. 

Rothes had nev«T been a fanatical puritan; 
he iru a politician and a patriot rather than 
a kirhman. Burnet diutes that 'ther« was 
much h.ivity in hi« temper, and loo much 
libnrty in Itid course of life ' (A. p. \fi) ; and 
Clarendon diucrilKi him a* 'pleasant in coit- - 
TfiTtation, ToiT free and amorou*, and unre- 
strained in bu diaooune by any iiiniplni of 
religion, which heonlypui on when thapatt 
he waa to act requiivd it, and then no man 
could appear more conscientiously iran»- 
poned ' iHittory, i, 378). The gaiety of lh« 
Enelifh court wna rongeninl to him. His 
■ affairs w-'fo low," ami be hoped through tlie 
king'- mi-diution to ohtniu office In the royal 
household, and the hmid of the ConntoBiof 
Devonshire, with an income of 1,000/. a year 
(HiTRSET, Okti T'lW.p. 1&). IIewasin'Aii> 
^u^I llUI to have accompanied Charlee into 
?io>jiliiiid, the king, accordii^ lo (TlarendoD, 
•'^ni'rting ' by hi» li-dp and intfinut to hare 

Kimed tuch n party in (Scotland an would 
ive been more louder of his honour than 
thi-y alter exprewed theinMilviB'(//if/orji, i. 
.■i'JJ ) ; but lie wa« seized with a rapid con- 
aumption, and died at Richmond, Surrey, on 
the 23rd of the same inoulh. He wot buried 
at Ledie, FifeBhiro,nn 31 Hov. (Diary qf Sir 
Thoma* Hop*, p. ISS). 

llalhei wai tne author of a ' Short Rela- 
tion of Pmeeudings concerning the .\fraini of 
Scotland from Aiigmi 1837 to July 1638,' 

f rimed by the Uennatj-ne Club in 1830. 
'refiied to the volume is an engraving by 
Liiar» of a iionrait of the earl by O. Jamo- 
sone. By liin witt\ Lady Anne Enhiue, 
second daughter of John, earl of Mar, ba 




bad oiw (KM (Jolm, wTtnib «ul nnd first 
dakc at Itotbus [q. r.]) ftoil two dauslitt^ra 

Uni BalgOD7,M«caMlIyto Fniiic:>.<it«ootl«arl 
of Baeelmch, «Bd thirdly !<> [inviiJ. tvconil 
Mrl of WcoiyMi and jfnrr, wire of ilngh 
31aBlgonMi»,ihinl Mfl of EgllnUin). 

\Kt JunM BoUbu'* AanaUi Bobwt BitlUl*'* 
LalunuflJoarnkblBuiMitneClab); 8mU- 
iBc'i]lo«iiKwU*(SpddiM Club) ; Gonka'a Stota 
A&ln(anUa<B|tClub)iCI>r«n(loa'* HliLofili* 
BsUlion; Bnre«t'B Lire* of tb* Bamilloiw; 
Bemct'a Own Time . Balfaa>|«luirB Jjugs D^ 
dunUioa ; ntiiiillua Pkptiw (Chmdm Soc) ; 
RolkMi KxUtiun (fUMa^MCIvb) ; Sir Tliumw 
Hope's lUtrj (BAanatjM Club): iUS. Uamil- 
tOB MSS. in ni-t. MKS. C-wm. llib Rtp. App. 
pt-vi,: llinlwifii* Slit(« FHfan^ HuHxii'i Hi>t. 
of :^cotlao>l, Giinlin4r'«Uial.i>rKD)!lanili Culoai'l 
Lfalic'i) R-YOfdi at ilie IiMlie FuDiljr.ii.B2- 1 Od; 
buwUii'. !VuU<>b PfMttiM (Wood), ii. 431.1 

T. F. H. 

Lssus; JOHN (ia7i-i67i). bishop 

of Cloriwr, and ilitliit^uhni) frnin raitrrd 
namfanlrrt »n 'ibnflghlin8lii*bopi,'lhc otdat 
•on of Qeorgp l^^'tJin and Bf oijorv, hut wifc, 
mwbonikl CridiiriaAbenUvnihirr, UUel. 
l&TI. lie was educaiut at Aberdeen and 
•A«rwnnLi in FracM, bui bin comwction 
wilb Oxford is raibi-r tbaclvwy. }l>> wras 
■dmitiMl to n«d in tli« Bodleian, 10 Oct. 
1B1(*, wIkd h*i n'HH jiiiit rorty-«*veB (ftf/- 
Unie, Ilty^ {>xf. [liat. Soc.. vol. ii. pt. 1. 

tajO). liii aofi cniorlc* toId Wood that 
wa« an Oxford doctor both of diriniiy 
and law*, but ibf i^-at nntiniun- wob un> 
abl« to \*riSi tbia: hv a Fallnl'S.T.P. in 
1U&8. Wood M,v(i bi^ waaabruadfuTtirtnty- 
lwo vran in Italy, GermaRj, Spun, and 
Fnnrr. but rhiirfly la the latter eounlry. He 
■pohn tVii'.-h. SpMiiili, tad Italian fliwntlr, 
and hii I^liiiilT wan ao much admirod (hat 
tbo y]jiBaia.nIi Mid '•olu.i ljn\ci\i,* I.atinv 
loquitur.' Not only wai ht- [iimuuii furub- 
etntav linowledgv. but bU prvaiici.' bk a 
ooitrtiergav)^ a |i(9culiar1y f,Tao«ful ckinictrT 
to bu BW aching. He wna in favour with 
Janw I, who nade bim a pnTy connrillor in 
Sroiland, and wirh Charic* I, who irave hint 
ibn MUM' rank in[robind,aadlhiiih«ri'iain«d 
aAcrilielteMocation. Hpwos vitb ituckin;;- 
bam at Kbi in 1SJ7. llii lirr-i pn.-fi-mi<-iit 
aMoaa lo kar« bi«n in London to tlie church 
ot 8t. ManiuD-in-tbc-Viiiir)' (Nrwcoitbt, 
ltfpriioritim,\.A-ti\*iid be was uroraoiedlo 
U-bi>b>]i'iftb«ScoicbU««inlln». taJuna 
163.1 b« ytti. ttanalaud lo Itnplvne. Hrrvbe 
flKltxl many of tbi> idriihiI UimU in llirhumU 
of lay ti'urviTc, but ivco>'cr»d RnoU|[h liv a 
CMtly lawmit to incrnaw tbn value of \m 
SM bj oi»»-«luid. In 14135 b« had a dioiiutu 

with one John Hamilton, ia which Bnn- 
hall, al Wtrntwortb's ivque»l. undertook to 
arbitmt*'. The ejiiiioupalian cter{^ in Soot- 
land rt^aided hiaa as a patnit seTcral lean 
after 1m rMdoval lo Iralaad (Loiter of liavid 
JlitcboU, 19 Uarrb M'SH. in nAiLi.ii:). He 
awnt a/fM. in building afortili<-il nilnco at 
Itaphoe, wher« there had Uwn bilbl^^to no 
epiwopal Biansion, and the uulbrcnli uf the 
Teballion ia Ittll tcated iln atruoKlh witbiu 
fbar jTwa of Ita completion. "Die bi8ho{i, 
wbo raiaed a oonpany of foot for I be liini;, 
di«tingui>h>-il hiniwlf m a mrtitiait liMul>?r, 
and convryed amniunilioti ttirnugb ihn mo*t 
disturbed di*trici* from l>iiblin to I^ndon* 
■Itnry.wbowdelnitdviii wetv reduced ion few 
faarrvlii of powder (Apknrirmktil Ditmttiy, 
ed. Gilbert, i. Hi). Ilo rvlioTM Sir Ralpb 
Gore, who was bard bwvt at Mae^henbt|t, 
Rear Doiitva}. It was on this ninrcii tbnthe 
ia Mid to have knelt down by the roadaidt* 
and ofliirrd the Eamoue p<aj«T — 'Almighty 
liod... if «rcbetutn«T«,lheyaTenoiaauita; 
though, then, ihon voncbaatet not to be witb 
u*, be not nirain*t tin, bat aland neuter ihia 
day, and Ivl ihe arm of flesh decide it.' 
Let-lie is Mid to hnvoguoc toScutUnd about 
■Btdaiunmer ltU2,aU tu« other biahopa having 
prwionaly left Ireland, but bo relumed after 
the king** elocution, defended Raphoea^iut 
ih<- Croinwielliana as he bad done against the 
Iriih, niid waa one of the laM myaliata to 

Ia-sIic wna the only Anglican tiiiiliop who 
nniained at bin piwt in Irclnttd cluriuf; tlic 
interregnum, using the lituivy in bia bmily, 
ooaflnninff children in Dubun, and even or- 
daining clergynwni. Wood mjs ifaat Aroh- 
bifJiop Veeey of Tuam. who was alive when 
ho wrote, wu one of thoae so ordained, but 
ho can hardly have attaiiwd tlie eaaonical 
age. Lralie'a courtoou* mannfoa «>ndtiai»d 
liiin to lletUT Cromwell, who uai diipo^^ 
to cheri*h all protestant*, and h<-' ira* fur a 
lime at Unjt in tecuipt ofa pention of WOt, 
(document priuUdbv Keid, ii. MO). Letli«** 
royaliiiu waa nevertDeleaa of the »aat vivid 
hue, and be liimseJf baa recarde<l his belief 
that the gmat mbcllioitwaatbadevirBspecial 
work, and that tho nmrdarMl king wa* the 
moat ptou> nnd <'lrtni>nC ofEnftli'h Rorrrmigna 
lShiklki, .IfMunwAaii.p. I I4|. In bimniiietj 
lodr> humaee nl Uie Kestomlion, I.efJie, then 
u«arly ninety, ia said to have riddon from 
Clieeterto London In twenty-four bcnira. Ho 
was alloweal to Itotd iIm deanery of Haphoe 
along with hi* btsbonnc, but rmigni'd it on 
bcinfc imiulaled to CUiglier in iiini> IClIl. 
I.i«ilie wn* never greody for mum-v, thoiiKb 
\ir writ know bow to UMi il, und mitibt havn 
liad richer pralennent but that he rvfuuDd to 




leurc llui iH.i)]ilo anmiif; whom liR bod workccl 
80 lung, lid Lai ivooijfd thnt la- found ibu 
nstorwdctiurcli of Ireland toni ljBi-hi8m,llie 
Soriplur«9 ousImI hj meKly liuman wonls ; 
pnpi«M reginz on tme side aud puriUng on tlie 
otlier (I'i. p. 144), Tli* bicliop wm recom- 
maodci) bv Chnrlns It to the «p«ciHl con- 
•id^mtinn nf the Iri*h IIoui>i> of Conim'mB, 
and L'.OOO/, wpft! volml to )iim. In rr-tiim- 
in([ t bank.1 he hoped ' thnt whulevcir tho hoi«n 
liBtli given lo u prophet in the nnniu of n 
prophel may receive u prophet's rewiird.' It 
may bnve brt.-n thi^ETuul whioli enublt'd him 
to oay G1n«*)oiigli in Muniif,'hBii, where his 
dnHCvndiint^ iiri> j>till »Mite(i. It WMOueof 
tbo manf forfniti^d imCoIm wliicb bad heon 
Kmnted toSirThoainB liidiiownT, nnd u^Tcml 
familiemeemlohnvencqiiiri'd intcri"»l* in the 
]and§ ^i*. p. 137; Jlamloti S'apcm, No*. 14 
and 2(1). AmunK ihene, porhiiiw, wero Uio 
Cunningham), for the Leslie family Uiflluiiun 
men thdt. the bi^hou's wife wna heire»» of 
flDiMlough. At all bvntU it becnnie hia 
propM'ty, and the town was \<ra^ liiiown aa 
Caatle-Lnilin. Many impri>viinieiitn wiire 
made by him. and iii. hi>i dwth on S S-tpt. 
He was buriod there in tho chjirRh a< St. 
Saviour, which he bad foundrd. The slab 
which covered hit remtinahod brou prt^erved : 
it Tocords that the bitihop died n c^entenurinn, 
that ho wa» a divtor of divinilv rind laws, 
and timl he wa* n privj' councillor to thrco 
hiDg*. Kinhip Muxwi>l! of Kiliiioro coin- 
poaed an epitaph which notm tho ohiof poinln 
of hi* cancer (ift. pp. Mi>, Lfli). 

In 1B38, when be wiw near iicventy. tin; 
biahop vn/) married ^6^y huppily, an he iilm- 
of Aloxnndcr Ciinuinghain, deuii of Itapboe, 
Th« lady wan only (.iphtepii. Tlw^' lind ten 
chUdr>n,of whom John, the eldniit surviving 
ton, was denn of Dromore. Tho jixth «on 
wa« Cbarlen [q. v.], the fnmom nnnjuror. 
ttiehop Leslie wrote an unpubli.ihud trrntiao 
on 'Memory,' but hia library and collection* 
pnriahod in the Jacobite civil war. Some 
nilica are still prvmerved at OhL«tiloiiu:L, in- 
eludini:; a fi-w bnolin, which are theological 
with one exception— llnb(tlBii», 

|W<»iI*» AlbvD^ Oion, and Fiuti Oion. cd. 
Itliu; iliiloricnl Itccordi of ihii Irf<«ilia FHniily; 
ShirUyV lliktnry (■( Moniiuliaii: Waro** liishopt 
nL Hurrik; Colion'ii b'uiti Ecoleiiie UibcrniPv ; 
Ninian Wallia'a Briinnnin Liljira; llppwiok'n 
CbarlK* L»(ilip'« V/ntVt. Oafunl edit.; Hrid'i 
Hi«lorT of ihp ProBtivf-rian Obnreh in Ir»land, 
ed. Killrn 1 Itoticrt Itniltia'* Lottara. fd. I4iiii|r; 
iafnrnialion rnim Sir John Ladic, lh« bi*liop'> 
Uarol dw:^allBn^l R. B-i.. 

LESLIE, JitllN, (cTcnth I-liui. and fint 
DlTKB i» KotllK* (1830-I(iSI>, elthwl aoO . 
of John, sixlh earl [q. v.], by his wife, La<l^ ' 
Anne Ervkiiie, nits bam in ItlSO. Hi« 
motlier di^d when he irta tun, and od his 
faihor's d^al h In the following yuar he auc- 
coodcd tofliopoeragp. lie wsa placed under 
thitcamof Jolin.oiirlof Crawford[aee LlSD- 
BAV, Joiix, ti'nth l.uiiu LiXiiKAV and »»veo- 
teenlh V.kV.1. oi-CliAWFuHDJ,towhoi>odangh- 
ler ha wm betrrtlied. On account of tho 
wara h>« edncalion was much neftloclnd. 
'He had,' aaya Burnet, 'no advantapi of 
t'diication, no aort of literaturej nor hud 
he trftvelled abroad; all in htm waa men 
nature' (Oj/m TiW, ed. 11*38, p, 71), He 
waa one of tho first nobli>men to vntit on 
Chorlaell on his arrival from linida in llJAO, 
and on 20 iJec. was appointed colonel of onn 
of the Fife regiments of hor!ii-(B.ii.i'oufi, An- 
tiaU, iv. '2\0). At the corunation of (he kinu 
at .Scooe he carried lh« aword of state-, la 
mmmand of bis K>gi[n«nt. ho accompanied 
tli9 Scots nvmy nnd^r DnTid Letll* into 
ICnttlnnd. and wastaknnpriMinnrUthobattlo 
of Worw-ttir on 3 Sepi, 1(151. On tho Ifith 
be wna cnmmiited to the Tower ICal. State 
Pufen. Doni. Ser. Ittill. p. 43^). On 18 J uly 
Hi'i'J bis libertv vi'os extended to ten miU;* , 
from the city o'f London (I'A. 1051-2, p. S40)l ' 
On 14 Dei. iti&2 he was permitted, on bw^' 
■i-curiiy, to go io Sc/itland on buainoM fcr j 
thmi.' months (i(, 16-^-3, p. 25); rimiUr' 
permiHsion was granted in 16S3 and 1664; 
in IBIil ■'> bft was permittod to itny oix 
months nl Newcaatte. On S Jan. tCU>8-7 he 
obtained leavi^, uwiiij^, it is toid, to the inllu- 
encenf FliwbethMurrav,connt*«nf Pynait, 
to visit *goiD"(i"6. 10515-7. p, i^W). 
In January I tt-tR hn was, hownver, commit tod 
to the eautlf' of lidinbiir^h by ("romwnll, to 

5 re vent a duel botwwn him and Viscount ^ 
lorpolh, who waa jesloiw of the attentkuu | 
which Rothes paid his wife ; he wiu) reloucd 
in the folLowInff Ih^cemlier. 

Itothes crouMi over to visit tlie king at 
Itri>da in ICHtil, and accompanied him on hii 
mtum to ICnglniid, Whon the new ministry 
waa farmed in .Scotlanil, hn was nppaintoa 
president of the council * by tho joint con» > 
sent,' nccordinK to Sir Geor(i>' Mndceniia^ 
' of all tlie U|ipi.itile piiil lea ' ( Ulemoira. p. 6). 

Tor some* years be eiiiuyed the king's ntocial 
ooiiftdence*. and faithfully exeentedtlieKinff'a ' 
orders. Notwiihstandiug bis impvrfect eou- | 
cation he poHieHr'd a 'ready dexterity in the i 
monaf^mDntflf alfairs' (llu'iiXRT, Ouvi Tmt, 
p. 20), and. arcordinir to Mackonxin, ' tho 
subtletv of hi> wit obli^ted all to court hia 
friend iliip' tMrmoirt, p. 8). On 1 June I ltd I 
he was named u lord of tcttilon and ap- 




Etintnl 11 commUMooer of the «xcbequ'.T. 
t 16&! h« w«Di 10 London to jiuUf; ilii> 
procsodiii(p of tbo Karl of MiddUton ftnd ta 
preaa tor tbe imnMidiftla «rt*blisluiicnt of 
epiteapacT (BrKXBT, p. 81) ; and wben tbe 
aynod of t>[« whb <uga|i«d tli« eama rar in 
pRpwiog an addrwa for &d act eataUiaUiii^ 
ikeir gov«nuii«nt, he, in tli« kjng't nsitiv. 
diBulved tbo tjnoA aiid coniiiund«d tba 
BJaiclfln, undw twin or tmafon, to lotin 
(A.) Onthnlall of MUldUon in 10^3 ill! 
wan afipoioti!d to *uce««d htm u lunl bieli 
onuBMHOder to t)iv {nrlUmi-iii irhich mt-t at 

BdiabllTgh 041 I^ Jiuw. tiul LuudcnUle, i>'bo 

■eeompauied kim, naa tuopuaMl 10 be ibi- 
pMvonin irliamlboTealauUioril^wMTMlpd, 
la ibt> uae jvarbo ucceedcd hi« i«iher-in- 
law as lord luKbtTDMnn'r, va« Kwom n privr 
rouncitlir ofEitRland, and wax a^ipoinlnl 
otptain of (he troop of lifcouard* and getiiy- 
nl oftbe tortn in Sfoiland. On tbo dcalb 
of (htfEiulorLik'iicaimintheibUoirutfyear 
b«waa,oiith^rt«ouimRU<laiionof Ardibiabop 
Sharp, alao appmnlcd tlia ke#peroftbn privy 
ami ' till tbo llinc *boutd iiit«k on • proper 

E>t»nn' (ti. p. 142). On l-t [)cl.ofUii>}-«ar 
ewa« tiolninnt4^n>mil]iiuiuDrTtoaprDpueixl 
■wlianal qrnod, which. b<iwi>vcr. nvirr iBot 

C'okSiOV, Stifehnff» c/ t*f Ciun-A 0/ iHott' 
«/, i. 4IU). In November uf tllt^ following 
j«ar W made a lour in tlie we*t counlry 
vitb ^Toal poap, Ibe Jtiag'a ^aid attending 
hint, in onur to «nJi>nM t m pcffMuting mea- 
•ona acaiMt tba eoTwianten (16. p. 438). 
QndnaFljr, accordit^t t« Uunirt, be nllonnl 
natMt* to be dir«clcvl by Sharp, aiid ' nbaii- 
deii«d kilaMir to pku'urt! ' ( Omt Time, p. 
143). Ho cnuwd eonaiderable octutlal bv 
.tnkug hi* laiHlKM, Laily Anne, 8igt<^r of tht- 
Duke of Oordon, along vritb bini in bin pro- 
pmstf ihrouxb lb« country. I'llinuili'lThe 
wM^tkroaiihthoiotrrTcnitonnf Laucti'nlalo, 
dvprinnl on lit April 1007 of aU hi) uflice*, 
(Kit in (tetobcr wan <Mn>ol<rd by bi-iiiR made 
lotd chaaoeUorfor life. Tliruu'ifb ibo ihI'tt- 
vcoition of Ibe Ihike of Yorh be uraaon £9 May 
1880 created Diike of Rothe«, Marqub of 
Ballenbrcicb. Eui of iA^Vw, Vioconnt of 
liDdtOB, hotA AudiEnolin ami CniikicbMJ, 
wiUi limilalion to Ibn bi-in mal'' of kii bod]^. 
Hi* inicmpcralL' habiii'-wbicb bitd been 
I Muwling the iminediiti' e^Tecta of Uiiiior— 
had, koirervr, cowpletely undFTiniiie>l hi»i 

etnutitiition, ondbedboilivrj''""''''^*' llDty- 
rood II'MIM i7 July 1681. [In ira« Imried 
•t ttt^il with (rmnt iplmd<Hir in tli^calho> 
' dnlelivrckof ^t. (iili»,ICdinburKb, but sub- 
I JMlMaUjr tho bodywai rriuoii^ to Lmlie, 
FaUbirr. Tbe hiaenl paD«uit in the subject 
ofaaengnTiiig. Uoibw Wl in-udau^-hiein: 

MarfCBrcI, ranrried to Clinrlef^ tiftk eoil of 
Uaddiiif^on, and Chriitinn. Thi> former be- 
came at his (lualli cmuit«* of ItolliM. 

[Dumal'* Owu Time ; Sir Goorga Markoniin'ii 
Umnoin ; Sir Jnnivt Itiilfnnr's Aiioala : I^iudcr 
of PoontaiDliiitl'n UikitirieiU Notina; Wodrow* 
SuircHiitii rif (he Cliuroli c^ Seotliutd; CaL State 
Piipen. Dum. Scr.. dnriDs the Comnionveiijlh 
■MivigD of Chitrlni II: CoL Lf«Ii«'i> Uitlorieal 
Bfoard* of lli* Leitie Family, ii. lOA-lD ; Dou- 
eU$'' Srollish Pwrag* (Wood), ii. 481-3 ; Craw- 
furd'n OfBcw* of Stale, pp. 22S-S.] T. K B, 

LESLIE, JOnN.eiahlb ExMa.i}r IIotiih 
(liJ7li-^i:2L'). tbe eldeal -on of Ckarlne 
(Hflniiltoti). fifib earl of Haddington, wan 
bora in Auf^t 1079, and baptisod at Tni> 
ningbotno on tbe Slut of tbat monlh. Hk 
moiW.LadT Margaret Lcalie, being tbe elder 
daugkter of Jobn LiwUe, d uIm of IttAbM [q.*.], 
auo^eded lur father as (^inatcM of Kotkea, 
and John, her eldeel Mn, in tunnn of the cnar- 
ria^ contract of hit parmla nadi- in 1074, 
inherited her earldom of Kotknt with the 
surname of Unilio, ilie title of Haddington 
pN^ns tohiinext broiker. He waabrongiu; 
up at Lealic, v.'bor« ki* parents rwided after 
ih« duetb of the Ihiko of Kotlwa, and, aa- 
»umiiig tke aurname and anna of Loalio, ho 
1700) aaeigbth Earl of Roihea. TbereeAer, 
the b«tt«r to tflect the wjMrattan of the two 
oarldoma of llotkna and Haddlngton.he laade 
f<irmal t^gnation of tke lattor in Mvour of 
kis youn2erbrDth«r(FRmB, £iu4>^/rod- 
diHatim, r 931-41, ii. Si:>). 

Having takni iLh o&ibe and hia xiat in 
parliametit, Itolbes pror«d a »Xe»Ay friend 
lo the rvvoluti<>n iuiviMst. He w'ue, wyH 
Mncky, the court apy, 'a warm awert^ of 
t ho liboTtio* of tho pipDpIo and in groat eeteeol, 
aUo of vigilant applieation for Ihr Hirricp of 
hia mintrj ' ( jtfemouv, p. T29). I'hn Jaco 
bitee (bought him fnlae lo 1 hem, for tliey 
daiini'd ibnt he promiaed tbem fsir. but fcfl 
away ai llii* first temptatiua {LoHiluirt 
Va/irrt, i. M). lie iraa ono of tkrw con>- 
mitniontin i^bowa at a meeting of Ike Duke 
of llamilton'a puty to ptocaod to the oowt 
of (ju««n Aiuie in Fcbruaty 1701, and tA 
re>4ur-)t thni curlain clutrgea nado a^in*t 
hiT Si-ut liah nubjccli of bciiir ptottcniaKainiC 
lieru«veninieutakoulcl be fully tried, Diid that 
lifT Scotiiob iToopa skould ubt be paid with 
ICnsliish mnni-y {YKMnx, EarU^ CrtmartM, 
i.L'lr*). Tliniyear,onI70ct.,he«-aaappointcd 
l-iTfl privy fnl, witk tho anniuil pcutdioB oif 
],(.KX)/. 5ii-rko^, bnt kn h*ild the ollicieonly 
lor I vi'iir. 

Hoih-.-B tealou»ly aided the union of 1707 
(MarrAmunl Paptrt, iiL 330), and waa 
ehown one of tbe aUteeu reprMvutntive 

jM!cr» rif Kpotl-iTid. n>> oonriniiiil lo enrT'- 
m purliumont until hin di^nlh (Ilimu^ P^" 
Papcra, 17(iO .>. p. .131. On tlin nnccHion of 
Oi'i>r)(L- 1 i[i 1711 111.- rwi^ii'cd Ibv ojipoint- 
nicul of vite-uduiiml of Scolluml. and in t.lie 
followin)! y-^nv, Hriil ftll^l;^-^^i^tly until 1721, 
waa lord high coinmijJimtH'r for \\\% tiiflj"'tv 
to thn (juiiiTnl mtti'inblv of the fhiirv-h of 
Scotland ({;Kn.'ini>s, Li/f '.f Col. lilnck- 
adder, p. JG7 ; (.'al. nf Trraiuri/ Fapert, 
171+-19, undi-r dnie 14 April iriti). 

Rothtij also t'juk iin ac'live pxrt iigainst 
the Pivrendyr und liii< forCL-s on tbi.' outbreak 
of thi> nihi-Ui'>Ti in 1715. Hy udoniptwl to 
sci»n I'l^nh in ndvuiico .if the rcbele, but by 
n ludd'-n iIukIi thi'v frirealnlled liim. On n 
pnrtv of JoPoliitP* Bttenipting tn nmrlnim 
thu Wi'tendt-r al Kinroes,lie,iwor(l in linnd, 
aiid fullowi-d lij-tt troopiif tlie crey drnRoons, 
entered thH town, scatteml tli^ rebels, and 
coirii-d Sir Tliom** Brntt- of KinrosB pr'i- 
noniT to Stirling, At the baitle of Sli^ill- 
miiir he lod ji body of flixly |ciantl«ni«n 
voiiiiiipurs, and rendcfod good norvion. lip 
nlso rni&L-d the KifMhin- tnilititi, unci when 
Hub Kcjy pirrisoncJ Fulkliuid. and niudp tbi.- 

EtAadv bis ln-'adijuarlcrrs forrnidrnj; thi? ii<*l(;Ii' 
(lurhooil. ICotlipA turned his own boiuu of 
lyi^slio intfi a riyol ^rriwn. and with aomv 
troop* nnd it fnw Hvif* keiil the highlandi-rH 
in thixV ( lUi:. Uutiiiy o/ /Ac RrbfU'Ori, pp, 
2U1, -iifi, 300, 3^), 340). For tli^ aclivily 
he ihus dinulayfid hi* Innd.i juffi-rcd sr-.vmily 
at (by bnniLi of tile rebeU, und as Komc oe- 
koowlediniietil ihi^ kinr ooafecrad upon him 
in 1T1B the govemorsD!}) of the caatlu uf 
SlirlinR, nn nppoiiilint'iii wbii'h be retoinixl 
till hi> donth. Through tlio good otRc^B of 
Lord Townshond, then snirotary of stalv, ho 
oIm received a rommiuinn in tbiii yvar a« 
chamberlain of Fife and Slrnihcarn, t o which 
offlco aMiicbed a yearly salnry of 320/. iti^r- 
\ma (Jtifl. MSS.'CommAMt l\i'f. pt. iv.pp. 
IBj^i Val. »f Trtitwrn I'lmrrf. \Vi»-S, 
Tol. cx^xxx\s. No. 3, ml. CMlvii. Xo. 20). 
H<i wita alio lord-liVinti'nBiil of the count lOfi 
of Fife, Kinroin, nnd Alinrdcpii, iind va' 
berilahle shi-rifl" iif Fife. Ho iXvA on fl May 
1722 (LlM'SAT, liefuitri) nt l.rilie Iloute. 

Mid the scene at hitdeaibbed is ilcicriln-d bv 
Colonel niachadder, bin deputy ul Stirtin'^ 
Outl'-, who waa prv'sent (Crichtos. L^e «/ 
a,l. Illopkaddr'r, pp. 023-0). He married, 
on ^ April l'.H>r. I.ndy Jnnn llni , daughter 
of -lobii, second inan|iiiii of Twi'ciIiIbIi', wIio 
survived him uniil 4 Sqii. 1731. Thi^ bad 
mVkU eight aou« and four dnughtn's. Mn 
was succeeded in the earldom by bin eldest 
son. John, ninth earl [ij. v.] 

[Dougliu'srerngoof Sifll1and(Wuod).ii.433, 
*S*.l H. I'. 

LESLIE, JliHN, ninth Eini. av Rotmh 

(1«SP.''-17671, bom about ltiDK,wit>thculdMt 

aonof Jobn,eighlhenrI[q.v.] Makin|; choio« 

of a military eareer, he had couimand of t. 

Iroop of dr»(ioonB u? early tit. 1715, wa« pro- 

moled lo ihe coiimiand oi' n company of foot- 

gunrde two years later; and in 1719 wan cont- 

miuioned a» lienlfnanl-coloni*! of the 2lM 

regimcnl of foot. He supeceded as Eorl of 

Rothescn the death of his frit her in .May 171':;, 

and retained hia father's poet us governor of 

the caelle of Stirling. lu ibe following year 

he wa* choaeii as a reprewiilatiTe pner for 

' Scotland, nnd wa» re-etecl'il in 1727, 1747, 

; 1754, and 17fil, Underthe lleritablchiria- 

I dii^iious Art hn in 1747 diiipo»ed of the h 

' dilarynbDriflilomof Fife, which hud loiiKbe<ni' 

' held by the liolhei family, to the yovrm- 

' meni, receiving in compeiuuitiun the »um of 

I 0,2S8/. Ilk., though he claimed lO.OOW. In 

June 1744 he was appointed (o the ofRoe of 

chamberlain of Fife nnd Sirath^nm (I''KA>rn, 

' McmnriaU nftht Famili/ nf M'fmt/H of K'e- 

' vti/M, i. 372). 

I ('onlinuiDKinI^ennny,be,on25MajI73:i, 
wax nppuinled to the t^ommaud of the 2'>th 
I regiment uf foot ; was promoted lo the rank 
' of luajur-geueral 'iH Feb. 1743, and acted ia 
thiH rank at the baltle of t)eitine«n. H» 
I ri-cfived a commiMion na colonpl of the Sod 
' tmrip of ffrenadier hcrmpi^iardii on 36 April 
174-% nnd took part in the battle of liocoux 
in Onlobcr of ihci following rear. Eallantly 
headingtlieeharjt<:of the liiiit line of cavalry. 
In I70O (It) Jan.) he was n])poiiiIed colonel 
of ibe ^ndregimentofdmgoona,aii(l in April 
following look command of the 3rd mgi- 
ment of foot-gtiaFda. Hnring hia latnr yrani 
be waa attnchod tro the Irian niilituri* stnlT. 
on whieh in the la^it-mrniioned ycur tc held 
Ibe rnnk of licutpnsnl-gMieral, On 3 .Marclt 
17113 he was created B Miiigbl of the order of 
the Tbialle, and became a full general in 
17Ur>, He ro«e to be comIuande^4n-cbiof of 
the forces in Iridand, waa gnvnrnnr of Dun- 
cnniion Fort, and a mi-nilwrof thi" Iri«h privy 
council ( Jliimr Offier J'apfFt, 1760 6 pp. 88, 
134, i7W9 p. 203). lie diod on 10 Dec. 
I7B7 (l-isuMV, Jiftoart) al Ltvlie lloute, 
wbicli during his time waa deatpoyed by fir» 
and rebuilt. 

I^slie was twice married: first, on 2Ji May 
1741, at Hannah, second daughter 
ond cnhein.'anof Mntthcw Howard of Thorpe, 
iNorfoIk,whodicd at Dublin onSBAiiriU'Ol; 
'and w'condly, on 27 June 1783, at Tytining- 
liampto MnrrlJoyd, daughter of .Mar3',eoun- 
Itesa of Hadilinglun, by ■ previous marriago. 
He left. iHue, by bia first marriage only, two 
son* and two d'aughtora, of whom the eldett 
Bouaucoeededhtmaaicnthear]. ThaCountJiu 





of Ttoibee r«ii*rrie<I B«nnel Laugton [q. v.]* 
ihm fruod of Dr. Johiuoa. 

[Do«cla** Pernci of SouUnd (VTood). ii. 
4M.] U.P. 

Bwtieiui anil aitnnl pliilotojihcr. born at 
IjUfO in Fifiwliirp. .m Id April 17««. •kox 
Toa ny m child of a jcinrr und cabiiivt-mnkur, 
Dj kis wtf« Anne Carntairti, Iii tqiitt of 
(Mticait* bfwllb and tctttiy 0|)iK>rtunitiM,luB 
adacaticu waa auilidentlV nilvanc^d in bis 
i hir Mmth yoar for him to bv wnt lo Ibe nni- 
venttjofSl. Andtpwik After bin firtlsrsNon 
TlioiBaM Hay. vifibt bear) of KinnouU [^. v.], 
rbanMllor of Ibc uiiiviTsitr. offcRct to pay 
the «JcpenMS of hit tdunt>''>ii tbere, irilh a 
view tohii^iulifyiii^bimfrtffortlivchurcb. 
LmUo noaiaed al Si. Andrews till 17^ 
or 17M, whni b« oitinrtd at Ed'tnbar^ s» a 
•tndcnt of ditinity. Jamea (afierwiunU Sir 
Jnmni) IriMj [^. t.] was bia feIIow-«tiidont, 
and for wibw time aliared iomdi with him. 
LrMUeaooB (bund that be prefmrMl Mrimtifio 
to ihwlafpcat Mudii**, and in 1787, on the 
dMthofbupalron.ltieRarlof Kiniioull.aban- 
do(i*d bin iiili>nlinQ of ^'nlcring the churcb. 
lia Mfnainivl a! Kdinburftb tilllTST and took 
pipili, thruii(;li oDiT of vrboira b« mado rho 
■oqaaintanoo of Adam Smith. In 1789 bi< 
{■kp«r ' On tb« BcMlution of Indetenuinale 
PniUema' mi MmmnnicatMl bv Plaj^air to 
tba RoTal Soci«1v of Ediabitrah, and pub- 
fitbad i& it* ■ Traourtiona.' fhe year 1789 
ha tflfOt in Viqrinia, a* iQtor to two fOttOg 
Amoricmna iw&iDd Itandolph. On bia ntum 
he want to LondoD in learcb of fortune. He 
had plADued a oourwi of WiareB on natural 
philoaopby.but liiidiugihat'mtioballecttuta 
would not fttictved.' h« wrote arttclea for the 
' MonthW rU'view ' and fur his coiintrTmau, 
l>r. William TfaomMin. From ibis eniploy- 
m*<nt ho obtained rrli-aw through an inriin- 
ti«n of tile Wcdjrwoodn, who hnd lava his 
Jdlow-ituiknta at Kdinliiirtth.lumid<!«'iib 
then andauperinleDdthviniludiw. Arcord- 
imgh(ttam Ajiril I7W lo ibi^ i^ad of irifi 
b« UTed M EtniHa. SlAtTordRliirv. H-.-nr )ie 
■lad BiiffoD'a- Natural FlijtlorynfDInU' 

;■ Loi»don bookcollcr, and wrote hh first 
I paper, * 1>baerrationii on Klccirical 
onea. Inditn>ant at the delay of the 
EdJnburitb Pbiloiophical Society in uubtiih- 
xng it. lif rii'alird it, and it n{ipmn>d thirty- 
lhft« yenr^ lHl«r in the ' Ettiiibiir^-h Phito' 
aopliitia] Journal ' (vol. xi.) 

Ill* mfagtonvni al Einins ended, lj*r\U' 

, apant a fen mnntiiii in tiollaiid, nnd ibfii. r«~ 

tamiBH to Ijirxo. dcroledti-n Ti'ara to Miidy 

aadexpenmentalrearnrch. HcinvcnlodicTO* 

n] aMtnuwnta for uae in the Ktenoea of heat 

and mt^t-urolog^', of wbieli tlie dilinvciiiil 
ihermomuteT uiaybe tAken a« tbe type. Hia 
life at Iitivo wn» diven>ifl«d bv rinta to 
London ancTbv coittlntoiial tmrol. In 1706 
a tour Ihrmigh the north of (ji^rmany nnd 
SwitMrland, in company with Tbonas 
Wudffwood, Riivc him opportuniti** for ob- 
Brrvmg tbeSwiHcf^looiera. In ITWhenuidir 
a circuit of the capitals of noitbtni Euro|>«. 
Tn bis later life hardly aycwpaMcdwiihout 
a Tiait to the continent. 

The rriiull of bin micatcbn) nppnirod in 
1S04 in bia ' KxpcrimiMital Inmiiri- into the 
Nature nnd IVopertii-n of Heat, dc'dicntcd to 
his IViend Tbomaii Wedgwood. It is an ini< 
porianl contributit'ii to the scitntific »tudy 
of the subject; the experiaienlsl methods 
and FMulia were Doiind attd fniiiful, and at 
ihn Huiin time attractifely aimpl^i; and bia 
bvpotbr-sr^a bn<«d th«ivon, though proved in- 
SiVcjunie by Inter diacorcrirs, wi^tvneTertho- 
ler» ft niibBlontiat advanco on tboso cum-nt 
at the time. It is by his duteuTcries in ri^ 
latiou to the radiatiun of beat, first anitoiuioed 
in this voluiue, that the name of Leslie is 
now most widel;^)'nown. Iliaworkobtained 
•needy ><ecognition from ibn Itcnral Sodatv 
(It ] (ondon, which awarded liim tbc Rtimfim 
ui-ilal in I'^UG. Tn the Mme venr ProfeMor 
I'lav^'airi-icbunRed the chair ot mathematics 
St Cdinburuli for that of natural philosophy, 
and LesUe was elected to the t'ltcnnt clisir iit 
March 180ft, in sj'iTe of t)ie uniT--<l uppnaiiion 
of iho miniatera ft ICdinbiirgh. who, on thff 
ffToiind that hf hnd c[^ot^^^ with approval in 
nia book ftomn of llumi-'a remarki. on en nan- 
tion, profeascd to »ee in him n chnaipion of 
fitwlnouffht. The controversy naa angrily 
continued till the end of May, uhen aii-eneral 
assembtv of the tiationsl ehiircli put an end 
to it (cf. A •Sinnmono o/ Atcakmini/, or Ui« 
Knl Trrtdftuy and DangtT of Sprmlalirr 
JtiljAiopAy txnnpUfird m Mr. Lrtlif'i Inquiry 
in/o tif S'aturt .■/ Ileal and Mr. MnllhuJ 
Jittai/ vn Pvpalalion, and in Ihat •preaia- 
til* Sifrtem ^Common Laic irMieA it at pr^ 
rmt ndminutertd in thrtr Komdcmt, anon., 
Ilnnick. 1807). 

I .e*liejii« tilled hi* 'lectionto a cluur of 
pure niaUiemntics by [inblishing at intervals 
parts of what hi< nt Urtt intended to be a 
eompleld coune of ronlbfraniirn! aludr. In 
ISOBapjipnn.'d ' Elnumta of (ii-ometry, Oeo- 
melrieal Analyiit mid I'lnne Trif(i>nometry,' 
a work euntipiciKiua fi>r frpshnos and origi- 
nality of treat meat, thon^-h nut alwnyshsppy 
in its departure froiiu tntdilional metliods. 
It Htiracied considerable attention, w&a 
trnnalntnt into I''renrh and (ierman,iMChed 
a fourth edition in WX, and had an article 
(fiom the pen of Playfair) devoted to it in 



1 06 


the ' Ediiibiifgli Ryvieir' (toL m.) In 1813 
ftpnenred lii» 'Oeoiuet.ry of CuTV«Liiw<B.' A 
volume on ' Dcecriplive (tporoelir and ihi 
Thaonr of Solids,' which wna to nnvc nnm- 
plMod tliii part of the eourai', vriin nnvirr 
publialied. In 1S17 be producwJ n troatisp 
on llia'rhiloBopby i)fAnlbniL-tic,'canlaiuiii){ 
ail vlnbLinit« discuwion of fiindamrnlal prin- 
ciple* ftnd muob intvTMiiiui; iiiformution on 
tbo bislOTv of the subject. 

Mpunirhile he continued his iVMiarchef 
on heat. In 1810 h« snccoufully applied 
tUo ab«arbeiit ptwnn of nujpburic nctd to 
freue wntor untlM thu rceiTivnr of the air- 
pump. This ii tbo lint rottorded Bcluere- 
ment of arliBoial congelation. Tliefut that 
the principle on which it U bawd had been 
mated by Nairne In the'PhiloaopbiealTraiu- 
actiona'iLs far Iwick US 1777 doM not deprive 
Lealie nf the hnnnur of tbo diwoverr. ' A 
Short Accoimt nf Kiqwrimmt* and Invtru- 
oents depending un iht Italiklionn cif Air to 
Heat and Uoinlun:,' published at Ediuburgh 
in ISli), contains & deacription of this ezpcri- 
ment, and is full of important and ori^nal 
work. Tn 1SI4 be publi«bcd, under llie pseii- 
dnnvm of * Philotechniis,' ' Itentiirks for n 
ScriMof Years on Baroinelrlcal ^cnlrJ.* As 
a pbynclst hi' appear; tn least ndvontafr^ in 
hia oommuuicniion to tlie Koynl Socieiif of 
Edinburftli, duti'd it<l>4,'Uu Cvrlain Imprt-s' 
etonsofCuld Iruusmiltetl from thc< Ili^ht'r 
Atmosphere.' Thi'i rue ili^ijry of iliL'foroiftiion 
ofdew had already l>i<enacciirnti'1ywork'iilonI 
l>T I>r. Wells, l.oslir dif««nl« from 
fauconcliisions,T«jiwtmii Wells'* idea of beat 
radiations from tbi; north's mirfoci? in fiiToiir 
of hie own notion of a ' cunlitimit darting; of 
cold puUalious by duy and ni^hl from an 
axiir« Hky.' Levliecluiis u-itli curious tviiocity 
tobia theory that cold lutil an objective exis- 
teacs distinct from heat. In lAOD lie bripin 
to write forlhc'KdinburghlinvioTv.'tn which 
be contributed arlielcson'Thi-l'liysifnl niid 
Obcmicnl Mi-aiolrrt of tbo Society of.\n:u«ir 

S vol. IV.); on'ThoHUtotyirftboBfiromtter' 
rol.xx.)ioDl}eluinbre*s workon'TUeAriih- 
nietic of the firvelw" (vul. xvlii.): on ' Von 
Buch's Travels ' (vol. xx'i'x.) ; on Siimboldt's 
' Phyekal \'iow nf the Kijuafirinl lEogioni ,' 
andonhia -Tmrnls' (vols. xvi. xw.liondoa 
' Tbo Attcrapta to UUcovcr a Nortb-Wesi 
Paonife' (vol. xxx.) To ibe aupplcmfnl to 
ihe'EncTclopiediaBritaunica/boKUDin Jtfl& 
and fiiiiaLed in 1^24,lie contributed art iclee on 
AchromaticLilaswe, Acoustics, Aeronautics, 
Andes. Angle, Triiociion of AngU, Arith- 
metic (Palpable and Fijnirate), Atmomolcr, 
Barometer, llammrirical Mcnauremcnls, Cli- 
inat«^ Cold and Cungolalion, Dew, Inlvr- 
polaUon, Mett-orolugy. 

InlSlfl thedealbofl'Iayfair was followed 
bv Leslie's elecliou to tbu clinir of natural 

rhilmophy at Kdinburgh without onpositton. 
Ic dnvntrd himself to improving ■"<i<>xperi- 
in i^nlol iHiuipmcnt of the physiciU laboratory, 
and to tbo work of teauhinii bi> farourito 
science, but heis mid to have beun wanting, 
like 80 many uri^iual worktn, in tbo pow«r 
of lucul exjwsitiou. Of all his ' great and 
varied ^tt», none was more remarlmble < ban 
the ddicacjr and success with which bo pei^ 
iaKpnrhap*bisintuitiTeNijpidty In instantly 
delecting ibn i-nuie nf an occidental liulure:.' 

In 1^0 ht! wu« made a conwaponding 
menlwr of tin? lti!<titiit<r of Frunee, und pub- 
lished a 'DeM'ripliuii of Innlruiueuis for Ex- 
tending und Improving Met«orok«noal Ob- 
nnnlions.' In 1MS3 he published '£l«lBentfl 
of Natural I'hilosophy,' vol, i. including 
mccbanicii and hydrnttoiio. In roEcrcuon 
to bydroiluli™ Leslie bud in I8(W (I'Ail. 
May. XIV. IBS) given ' iho first correct ex- 
planation of the rise of a liquid in a tulie 
by coniiideriiiB the effect of the attraction of 
tbe solid on the very ibin elrntinn of liquid 
in contact with it ' (MAXWKi.i.,iirt. '(.'apiU 
larf Action,' Eaeyet, llrit., Olh edition). 

In tliu prRfoco to thi- second i-diiion of bis 
'lliud dmigni-d Ihe si-cc-ud volume oftuia 
u'i>rk t o appear si the same time, but bare 
since ibongVt it lietterto wait foriheTeAiilta 
nf a si^rios nf ■■xperimonts projecUid on tho 
cimstitiiiion and powi-r of sli-am,' He ap- 
pi-nrstn have Inri'u unaci|Uainled with Cu> 
nnt'n work on this Kubjccl, published in 1824. 
This second volume never uppt-ured. 

On i'l July 1^23 Leabe instituted pro- 
ceediti^A against Ihe propnetor of ' Black- 
wood's Magaiine' for certain libels accusing 
him of having claimed a* his own other 
men 'ft discoverifs, and he obtained a verdict 
for lUO^ doma^ on two out of Ihe four 
cuiiis. A report of the trial was published. 

To ilie first volume ottbe sewnili edition 
of the 'BliqrolopKdia Britannica' he contri- 
bulad a ' Diicourse ou the PmirreM' of Mathe- 
matical nnd Physiciil Seionce during the 18ih 
CVntury,' a work for which ihoi'xinit of his 
kaowledgw and the ripi-ncm of his jiKlffmrnt 
pecubiirly liUed him. This wm hi* lait 
impurlniit work. He was knighted early 
in lt<{2, on the reconimt'uduliou of Loid 
Bruiighum, and died unmarried on 3 Nor. 
in the same year, ot Coaies in FifMliire, 
wheiw he hud purcliasnd n small iM^iAte. 

Other writintr* bv Leslie not mnniioood 
cal,' i vols, lidinb. 180(1; 'Rudiments of Plane 
Qoometry, iuoiuding GeumuiriciU Analysis 






flamt Trijiatintiietry, d«si)^i-il chiclly 
for FroGMMon*! Men,' 18S»; cli»pt«r on 
' diniBiH ' in IlDsb Mumj't ' NarnttivD of 
Diworerj uid AdveBture in th* Polkr 
BfeioM : ' • Malhenuical TrmiiMH,' 1838. 

A biwt of Lnlio vu execnud bj^Skmavl 
jAMmh [^(]. T.I ; a r<if>]r hj Joua B&nd U in 
tile Kational I'onnut Onlloiy, EdinbuigU. 

(Mfdiotr b; SUer*; Sspitr in Encrel. Bril. 
TUi edit. ral. xiii. ; utkU hj Profcaor Kap><r 
in CkleianuB Uneutj. tiuomnriiod ia Gtnt. 
Mmc. 1SS3. 1. 8S-e : LmIU'* woHu.] C. P. 

LESLIE, NOKMAN, MAfttCR or Koraiss 
{d. I6M). Ibe leader of the partjr who u- 
nwnBUM (Ordinal SmIoo, wu (be eld«gt 
•on vt Ohm^, fouTtb mri of Itolliea [<i, v.], 
hf Mm^r<. obI;^ daughter of WiliUtn, 
third lord Cricbuo, danoniiMtod, 1 April 
lftl7, >ii> 'nioDM MffidMaVA^. May. S^. 
Se^,tlA!iM~Ul,miryHB). NfxnarriiiBticPnr- 
tsoHT ii rrcordttl to harp IbIik^ii )>W(f. »nd t he 
iDBTTiii{^> was IB IGfiO dcclftm] null and void, 
^^oniiannnnns to liavH faMn regardeil a«ille- 

fiiiiiuti^ (rf. Hi. I&K(-S0, entriM SI3 and 
bVi). Tlio D<il4Cm IB tb« ■ Lord TraMamr's 
AectnuiM ' in 1A37 and 1S3B of dmwot fiir- 
iHibad to him iudicatA that ho at thin tioic 
baldfomeoffier ateonrt. On 7 Dec. Ifvll tho 
()Ce«of*hnriff of Fife, then made hereditary 
in tbv Kolbn family, was bMWw«d on him 
for life, hit) fatlu^r p-rMiiBlly mlffniiiK it (ii. 
1619-46, Miin,' -0^7). H« ia ^KCribed by 
Bacbaiiaii m a toubk nun of mioh accom- 
ttliatiBiMIU that h* faul Dot hia H|iial in nil 

fei^ht at Solwar Mom tn 1'>I2 unci wu 
takcB priioner, but iwcrired his liberty an 
ibe mult of the bowl tignail hy lh<' captive 
Seottiak noUet to promote tlie iuturwls of 
BewjVininSMlaitd. To thia ia perhaps 
VUtlj tracMblo his teal ii)iftiiiiit CtirdiMl 
BMton, bill it vna at Irani qnttOtDiiod by an 
mttf&mti, IL' Uro. lhX.i, at the iantanoonf 
the eanlinal, m«tonii2 to Six Jamva ColriUo 
the Uad* ot Caitle WenyN, vbich un tho 
fatfintim of Colrillii bad boMi btntow^d by 
JanMa Von the KolbM family. On 17 Apnl 
l&M Henry VIII r(<Miv»il inrnrmalion trial 
ih* Miwt.T of lEotbw and otho™ wn> willing 
to nndiTtakp the daiiffhtrr nt ihc rardinal 
as li>> pawpd throusl) hifr, on condition that 
thry bJid tlx) amiraiMv of lli'nry's protection 
afterwsnli' {Stale Fnpera, Henry VIIL r. 
S77 1- DblaininK no Mtirfaclory aiuwur they 
did not take advautage of iha anppoMd opuor- 
tasiiy, ami iiiilMM|UMiily, witli bis falDpr, 
NoRoaB appMTt ■« have ^vi-n a plpd|ci> of 
IMnoaalanrTiM to thr cardinal. Hpaclively 
■a ii p c irtod Cbartnv, the noauDcc of Itcaton, 
agaiut Lord RuthvcB, in their contot for 

Ibe proToslahip of Pwth (Kxox, Wwk*. L 
113-I-I: U>ir>iit;yOM«rmif4,p..'M). lie 
alao fought sninst the English at the battle 
of Ancnim .Miiir, 13 Feb. \M&, when bis 
opportuAR nrrivnl with thm hundntd opcar- 
men from Fife, and n-ith tho news that tho 
Seoti* of Bucdeugh were following on bis 
h«el», decided the ttcols to risk tba battle. 
Negotiations fer the munler of the oanilinal 
wen, with orwiihoal the Mnctioaof Lealie, 
tvrnimed with llenn- nn ."iO Moy l-M-'i {Statt 
ntpern, Henry Vll(, t, 44ft), and weiv cnii- 
tinuod till at leail '2<i Oct. followiiiK l'4. P. 
BBIV How much longer a blank in ilonrya 
Scottish (lorrWDondencc rendern it impoa- 
«ible to slate. The execution uf Wiaharl at 
the inManoeof the cardinal, 1 March ]&4tt, 
w*> HjipnrentlT mtJier an opponuue pretest 
for the cnrdinnl'iniuBsainalion than the direct 
cnuwi of it. Tire ■tati'tnoiit of rontriiipnmry 
writrr* thnt Norman Lnliu had not long 
iH'fore the murder a violoBt penonal (iiiarrel 
with B«aton aevms probable Norman Leslie 
was tho leatler of the coiispiratun. The 
castle of Su Andrews, where Beaton UT«d, 
wot iieiMd by men under his command, but 
ho took 00 pmonal part in the act of afona- 
■inaticinonSQUay I<i4tt, and John LoiJIc,hi« 
utick, itniek the IntulMow.afteTlbo cardinal 
had rM]UMled that Korman, whom he called 
hi* friend, ahould come to him. A dacmr 
enoneotialy reputed to have been used hy 
Nonnan i* presorrfid in I^ie House, Fife- 
shire (Jtitt. Mas. Cimm, 4th Uep. p. 4ft3 ; 
cf. Kjcoi, K'ork; i. 176). 

After the munlc^r Norman and hi* nuo- 
ciulei IiMik nrfu^e in tile canliniil'ii rlToog- 
liotd. They weiv dummoned t-) answer for 
the murder, and, fniliDg to do so, were on 
W July ileiiounced a* rebels (Siy. P. C. 
Sroti. i. aH). On the Mmn day tlie cvtle 
wan tmncndnred to ihn Frcnrh, and a con- 
dition having 1hh-ii mndo thnt tho lim nf 
all within it ilioiUd bo npnnxl, its principal 
defenden were carried captivei to Fnnop. 
Norman probubly made his racnpa bam 
France at the tame time as Sir William Kirk- 
caldy of Gmtige fq. v ^, but iliete is no direct 
information on the noini. jVtter hia release, 
ho, according to t^poiiikwood, retornad to 
Seotlonil, hill on M'srch bdng mado for hba 

he cjicniieil by wn to LS.-ntnark. ThooOO bo 
criMned ortr lo Kngland, where for *oae time 
he was in the enjoy mvlil of a ix-nnion from Ed- 
wurd Vl. The occessinn uf Queen Mary in 
IA63 compelled him to leave England, and 
be went to Franc*, where ho enietvd into 
the rervicdof lli^ry II. He was morlalljr 
wounded in nn action brforv ihe Mrongbold ot 
!(mti, nenr L'anibmy, on 11 Aug.lBW. AC 
the head of thirty ikoCa he heroically chai]jad 


KXlj honemtn armed wilh ciilvunns, iiii- 
horung five at tliem with lii* »pi>ar before it 
bnke. U» mkiic hU \ray bnck lo the con' 
>Ub]« of Vnaett, his horse dropping dovrn 
dud At t]ieci:>iwlftble'sfeet. lie was brouglii, 
into the kinir'a teul, und died of hia wuunils 
on S9 Aui;., fifteen days tflerwards (Sir 
JutBB MbLTILLE, Mfmoirt, pp. 'J^O). M\» 

linTerv wiA ttic mmiii^r of liis d<?i»tli so im- 
pntHtl thn I'roiirb Inng thni lin ii^ed his in- 
nnnnraiwilh thii ijiioen-rr'gflnt nnd ibeeslntei 
to obinin for llif othiir roafpdpruicg against 
Beaton the reversion of thi'ir lumU. 

Leslie IV HB luairied lu laoljel Lindsav, 
datisbter of Juliii, fourth brd Lindsay of 
the Byiv», but left no issue, 

(llittoric* of Knox. Iturbnnnn. Liadisy of 
Fil*lMMi<\ I.»!ie, iiiil S[Uilii>M''ii>il ; Sir Jiutii-* 
Melnllc'ii Mf-muirs ; Kpl". 1'. C S^fotl. x<ii. i, ; 
Bulo Pniior*. Hcnn' VJlI : lli.i. MSS. Cumm. 
4th R#p. i Doug lilt''* Snmliili Pmthk' (Wood). 
h. 428; Colonel l.*«liij'» H iilorif"! HnronU uf 
the Fwnily of Uilic ii. OM-Ti.] T. I'. H, 

(lS27?-l^fi^),piililicnl •■CfJiinmi«',i»'C'"K! «on ' 
of Edwiinl l,e>li{i, pmbimdnrv nnd tn-iuiin-r 
of Drnm-ironndrwlorof Aniuihih, co. I'own, 
B descinidnnt of Charivs Ijl-sIju [q. v.] ihu 
noniimir. wus bom in the couiily of Wex- 
fortl about \l^'. llismolberwaii Mar^ret, 
daugbter of the Rev. Thomas E. lli^'gin^on 
of Lieburuo. He wnn nt flr«l *idiic*tpd bv 
Ilia fatbor, nnd ftfrnnt'iirdii nt Kine Willinm n 
C«llpgn in ihc I lb of Mon, nnd nt Trinity 
CoUuiro, Dublin, wlicrc he took n clniuiciil 
■cbolanhtp in ly-Io, and grBdunied U.A, with 
a senior moderulurghip and l^old medal in 
ethiw'niid !o(iic in \b\7. lie pt>Lrt.'t'ededLL.n. 
ill 185L and was afierwardg created hon. 
LL.P, Tn ISTiS bi» wns ob-etnd to the chnir 
of jurisprudence nnd poUtii-nl ncononiy in 
Qunn'e Collegia, liclfnxt. ll<i hnd enton^d 
Lincoln's Inn on li' Jnn. I84K, and bis pm- 
ienoriut duties permitting xfbia residing fur 
the rreuler part of each year in London, lie 
qualitied hiniM-lf for tbe ]>rni.-lice of the law, 
BodwascalWl to (he bnrat Lincoln^ triri in 
Eaclsrtenn 1867. Unwiw nUo colled loili" 
Iriah bar, but ni>vr<r prnctit<>d. He altcndcd 
tlM locturcK of Sir ilcnfy Sumntr Maine 

fev.|t, Bud St tidied the uUilosopby of AuKnutu 
mte. Mainetaupbtliim the value in jum- 
pmdenou of tbe huturical and comparative 
iDetliod, knO ho inferred the need of a titnilar 
treatment of economics, Conite tniiffbi him 
to n-gnrd economic* a* n frarmtnil oT tbf lu 
y«^ inchnat* wiuico of wtciolojiy, ibonnh lio 
niiTor biM-nme a Comtint, 

Leslie* fini publication was a profKiuorial 
lecture, delivered \i Dec. ItWir), on 'The 
Military SyMems of Europe ecunuuiicatly 

«>n«ider*d." Ilelfasl, IMfl, 8vo, Soon iift*r- 
wtLrds he began in cnntribate to ' Vnnti'*^ 
' MacRiillnn'*,' and other inugiuinii< nnd mm 
^■iews. In lh»n enrlrpnprrijinoit of nliicb 
lire reprinted lu hii '^;«iit.*oii I'oiiticnl and 
Moral rbihuopby,' liubliii. lt*:»^ t<vo|.:;nd 
edit,, with Home additions and omiatiolMt en- 
titled 'E-aays in Political I'bituMphy.*1888, 
8vo>, be Apoeals from the then dominant 
Uicardiaii scnool to Adam Smith, whom be 
rtpreiKintfi as n farnnnropbilosopbicnl thinker 
ihun an^ of bis iiucciu«or«. An article on 
'The Uirtribution nnd Value of the I'redoua 
Metals in tht Siiiertith and Niuetewitb 
Cratnrien' (Maemillnn't Magtuint, Augitst 
1864), in which he shoncd thai the de- 
preciaiiou of the currency by ilis iliecoK'ry 
of new mines iji tlu> twn c»nturie« luidar 
considernl.ion bad been far Ifu ^lonvnl and 
uniform rbun hod bo«n comRionly nuppoMd* 
nttmcied lbc> iintico and necnirtrd bim tli« 
frinnihibinof J, S. Mill Following the lead 
of W. T. Thomlon, wbu had already attacked 
the )^<<Tully received theory of wa(^s in the 
■ Fortnightlv Review ' (May 1867), li* pub- 
lished in ' Friwer'i" Magmimi ' for July 1668 
an articln on ■ Poliriciil I'^nnomy and tbfi 
Rate of Wages,' in whinh ho not only dt- 
molishod the ' wiiflvs fund ' lUeory, but im- 
jiugnrd with leia MicceM iho doctrine that 
eompetitiun tends to equal ine wages. Two 
autumn b»lidBy)i(l^G'^ and lKi9lpii*(«d with 
Lfonee de I.nvenjne at bis country Rcat, 
Puvruwu' in l.n Cmiitc, nnd («mc lours in 
li.'lgium.Wt'Bipbnlin, nnd olhpr pnn« of tha 
rouiincnt, funiinhed I,eiliR with mnleriala 
for n Ht-rit'i of articU-i im continental land 
lenureii and methiids of cultivation, wbidi 
formed tbe basis of u volume of es'nys un- 
lit led 'Lurid Syntenis and IndustrionCconomy 
of Ireland, Kngland, and Continental Coun- 
tries,* publish^ in It^TO, l^ndnn, Rvo. T1l)« 
work WHS highly priii»i>dhy Mill in the' FiMt- 
nigbtly Hi-view' fnr Junr IWO. An Brtict« 
by hiiu on • French Land Tenures' ujipearod 
in ' Essays on Land Tenures ' (Cobdeii Club, 
If'TU). Inanarticle in' llennathena' in 1878 
'On the PhiluAOphical Metlioil of Politittl 
Economy' ho severely ctiticif'ed the cardiaal 
doctrines of the dejaciivn rconomict, and 
«ndpd by declaring the entire nyslvm to b« 
'nn idol of the iribi-,' owinjr its altrootive 
•iniplic.ily and »ymmi:try to its rvmoteneaa 
; from actuol fact. In l^7>^ he contributed on 
intTodudlon to Mr. Slarriott'd translation of 
M. Emilede Lav eleye's work on ' ]'nmiliv» 
I PropertT,*IiOndon,8vo.Lesliedied unmarried 
I ni lUilfBst on -27 Jnn. IS«3. 

Tlic frsgmcnlnry nntiire of Ltwiie's work 
is silribiiinbli^ partly To I'hronic ill-hmllh, 
partly to a natural pn-iionderaiice of the 



critkd onr the etauamti-n fBcnlty, partly 
to lh« lofv, while trsvelling in Franco in 
l(C2, et ttM maniMcript of a work n-liicU 
hn 1TM prepuinff on llw econoinic.- and l«nl 
hiMo<T of En^&nt!. An t-saay on ' Ino 
Uiatorj Bad Future of Intfr^l anil Profit,' 
pnbliilied originallv in the * Fortnigliil; IW 
ntrw ' for Nov«osb»T 1881, and n-printjMl in 
* EBM71 in P.>Uiioil Pbiloaopli;,' i» undfc- 
gtoai to NrpTHi^ni the- «abMMoeaf a chapic r 
of tlM lo*t nuuiu.irHpt. Hi* critic*) work 
ha* led to •otnc ioipuriant niodileatioDa of 
•eroomic docirin<«, liut has by no means 
proditwd lb« eS-xt wliicb bud^sLred. 

[T^m«, 30 Jaa. ISS2; Ann. K^. 1S83, pU >i. 
p. 113; Cotton's FafU Ecct. Hibwn. iM.303; 
PiM(«r'«AlaBntOvM.,'lMli«.Bdwant;' Ftwiar*! 
B»r«Mtaic«.'L(-lb*.Str John;' Dalilin Cnir.Cal. 
IMl p. 127. 1817 pp. T«, IM: Ibiw of Couk 
CkL 1II;H, p. 411; AlhMuEum. 1882. i. )S8 ; 
lUnw dm iJpnx Mondu. Sine PJ'nodo, tom. xtii. 
«S1 «t •«>(.; W«Biaiia»Ur R*Ti*T, m. 470 u 
Mq. ; Son^ Brit. For mm* deliu1«d criliri*au 
ol Lnli*a vmIc rh Sidgwick'a Prinerpin of 
I^ilitiaa BcnDoeiy; Manhair* PrioeiplM of 
EeoaoaiM : koJ Kajrnet') Soop* and M«thi>l of 
PoUtiol ExNuajr.] J. X. R. 

LESLIE, WALTBlt, Corxr I.iwi.ik 
(10(W-iaaT),«oldieT of fiHttine ftnd diplom*> 
UM.tMomd ton of John l^irof l)a]i|uli«n, 
bji kin third wifr, Ji-nn, cUujihter of Sir 
Alexaiidnr Krckino of Oo^^r, And aiat** of 
Tbonui. flrtt wri of KeUio, wui bom in 
Seotland in leot). Uia familr, which bon 
Iht motto ' Grip Faat,* was among tlie 
praudcat and tlw poon«i of the aobtniy of 
AbFTd««aiBbii«, and l.e*lte at a fouium (om 
wpnt abroad lo puafa ht» forluito*. Though 
1 ft Oalvinin V Mitcrod tli« imporiAl ler- 
^MMiirad hia baptim of fin in VUndttt, 
I ftmitht hi* iny ti nn nuign'a GOtiimi»- 
I IB Iiftly, dorinjc the war of the Mantuan 
XMion, io 1030. Hu afterwards served 
with diMinctioo in Gtrinany, and in 1633 
,Wd tbe rank of major in on? of Count 
— "--j", asiaakelwr reoimenu. Tbia corpa, 
•ed Urivlj of Bcoifhmen, and eom- 
iad bf a Scotchman, LiI^ut(.■naul-coloneI 
1 Onraon, bovc an bonoumblL' part in the 
npat^ br whicli ib<' Sosona wcse driven 

. i of Iti>1iL-miA, and in the •uhMquent ope- 

ntion* round Nuniber;^ diepUred cximoi^ 

diiMiT sallnntrr in ibe defence aKsintl nil- 

'xmI odds of a difficult nomtion on ibi? 

1 10 Fr»j-st^ 8 Xug. (N.S.) 163^. (hi 

hli oeoMMB Lealit wa« tnfcen priaonor, but 

I nhutd withmt naum and wi tb a hand - 

* mmnlinwal br Ouatarus Adolwbus. 

or thi- batleuf LiitMn, 10 Nov. (SS.) 

^163^ be wa« quartered with bts rcpmeni tn 

the tamtm of E-ger, on the wmIori frontier 

of Boliemin, wh<»ro Waltensl'iin arrived on 
'M F«b. (N.S.I ifiSl, .oon nftw lie bud been 
d«|iosi>d from tlii^ office »f crunmunder-in- 
chief b^ the en)pc>ri)r, and irbiln be waji en- 
gaged tn IrMouunble intriinim. In the men- 
nurM l«ken to defeal (hem Leslie look an 
actiTn part [«e?, Wiiiaii, CodsitJ. 
On ibii raoniiiig ,if 2.'. I'vh. f.<unt Iloir, Wat- 
lL-nrt(.-iii'* adherent, tendered in Wallenetein'a 
uamu an oathof allariance to Leslie, Butler, 
and oiLur officer* at Egar. From noiivesof 
policy Ihey evad«l ralhnr tban refused to ttlcft 
It. At tbe same limo Ilow ikiued ordM* to 
Iiealie to tnmmon for the (allow lag nominR a 
meetiogofthe burgomaster and (own council 
for the odminitlration of a similar oatb to 

It was immediololy afiKr thi« overt act of 
rebellion that Lualic mot tba ofHcer* wliom 
WallenBtein bod not fptinni to bin lido in a 
council of war, and on l^oilir'a motion it woa 
tlM^ tneolved for the flnt time to 'Idtlthe 
traitom' (ef. Apologia of Leslie and bis bro- 
ther oAiom, iwued at Rger, S Marah I68i). 
Leslie gave thu lignal for the commenceroent 
of the bloodr work, which resulted in the 
ulsugliterof walleniteinandhi^frieod*. Iln 
mniiitaiued order in the town durioK tho 
anxious interval beiwen iLe asM»inatian 
of the i>uile and that of their I'bief, and rode 
to Vii-nna with the dows. His fidelity and 
nncnry wnm at onci* rewarded with the office 
of imperial cbomlwrlain, the command of 
two Kgimcnts, a cantnincy In the king of 
Huugary'a bodyf^unrJ, u »c»t in tho imperial 
council of war,' and tbo lordiUip of Nevutodi 
on the Mettau, formerly Count Turaka't ; in 
1637 tho title of count viot awarded him bj 
a patent couched in unusually bonotiSo terms. 
Leelio fougbt ni the Nege of lUtiabontUid 
after its fall, at tlie decisive battle of Nihd- 
liugen (7 ScyX. N.S. 1631), wbon bif deipo- 
rate lalour was rewoidod by tbe Caidinal 
.Infant Feidiuaud with a libera] Ufgeose and 
I ownership of a r^'gimunt of foot, to wbioh 
I llir kin;; of Hungary added another of di«- 
I ffooDK. lU'crriKdunderSavellibeiforeRbein- 
' lelden and Hro.innch in 1638, and in the 
campaign of the fnUowintr year in Bohvmia 
and Saxony, In July IftlO bn was tbn bearer 
of an iinpi^rial n-script to Nriulodc in Fran- 
conia, and a yeor lalor in tho Mmi? capoi^ity 
he passed ihrouch EfKr on his way to tta- 
tisbon. In l<!4A lie was employtid in n«go- 
tiatinit loan* for ibo emperor in Rome and 
Nsplvs, in 16441 he was made master of the 
of waT,and warden of tneScUfonianinarclMe, 
with the rank of Eeld-maidial, and in I6U 
bewssawomoftbeprivyooanciil. Tenyotrs 
later he was invest«l with the order of tlie 

Qoldnn Tloece. und appoinicd ombusaador 
Mtfuonliuiiry lo iln? Oltonmn I'orti: I'ortLe 
purpose of compli'iiQK lUc treaCy of Vaamar 
by tlie furmnl cxchitnitii of ratific&tiona 1 
Oautacitinopln. tli! lufl Vlcoiu on SS Mfty 
(>".S.) 1«8I), with a Urge uid tplendidlj 
wuippod pDliuiw, and aocompuiied by lui 
tnmd. Lord HMury Howard, attorwiird* wxl b 
dukoof Norfolk [q.T.I Aftot.illnof *tx-«nd' 
thirty giiily decoratod bnrBos of atate bo«i 
tlio parly 'down tlic Danube; to Belgrad*. 
ThB tvti of the journi-y was perforuii>d in 
coachea. Ooiutiuit.inoplH v/oa Kached «arly 
in Septsmbor, and tbu iiuperial coriJi^woa 
metouMidetbe i^iuby the train of thi>Ka((- 
liah Mnbwuador. Hen(«^p Kinch, stirond onrl 
of Winohilaoa [(]- v.], nnd Iheprincipnl Kn^- 
liali mercbanU. Piirmg bis etny nt (.'uniunij- 
DQple Lealis Wtu Irealud by lUi.- siiltmi wilb 
great diitiinnlion. He left' about Cbmtmiu, 
and arrivod at Viemm loaded wJtli pivBents, 
with sixty llbcrotwlpriflonaw in Ilia trein. and 
a niuiftnin agiio on Lia jm-Mn, on 27 Marcli 
( I(!<^*>- llu died in ths Roman catholie 
fdilh, whicli bo bad adoptod after tba oaaoan- 
natiou of WaUenatisin, on 3 March (S.S.) 
1687, and waa banodwithfcn-ni jionip m tbo 
Scottiab nenpiliniinp Abbi-y at \ ieniia. 

LeaUo mnrrifd in IliiO 'Annn Franc-sen , 
dauj(bt«T of Miiximiliun, jirliice of Ulerrich- 
■tfin, bvwbotu bu bad no iisiMi. He BninaM>d 
aeon»iderablHfurluae,oiit of whicbho mado 
remit til new to hia bratbtfs in Sootland to 
helj) tlivcn to cImt off tncumbranooa on the 
&DlIly eatalM. The; rnat, with hia Uuid«d 
Mtate, ho dovinod to hid m-pbiMv, Oolonel 
(«n«r»anla Qein-rall Li-oliv, whii by an 'im- 
wrial patent of 3l May tN.SOl'-'iSinhemod 
nia title. 

[Aniiii. of the Shirw of Abotdaao and Ranff 
rSpalding Club), i. i2i-0 ; Uaurifu's ht Bl>i>t«n 
da Armairfoad«tout Iw ChoTnticnclal'ordrcdc- 
laToltaad'Or.Ko.ccol,: Onl'iinl Ijnli»'» ll«fiipdh 
oftb«F»mllyofLwilis,iii.24lrr8(ui ^QraatsMp' 
naiiaorSirJohaRapburn.pp.lSiui'O; Apologia 
nad Va wnl w « rtnDf!»-3f hrl ftaoathohonirichtiKan 
nnd flkrdringnulBn Unachon von etliobao ndUoh 
md KO'-rwi'ii Kayt. Kriogi Obriitca tiud Oim> 
limn, &f.. 1A34. '4to; Aunprf^hrl. und Orondtl. 
Itrrleht dcr tvri^vctuL FriJt.liiiicltwIi. und acin. 
AdWraaL abuhowl. Prodiliua. Mctina. lU3t, 
4ta : Albnli Fridtandi PudueUioaia Ghao* aire 
Infirnti Animi AbyMua, IflSi, Ho; Tb« Bclatlou 
«f IhaTlcnth of that pi«lO«i>raliniini> (of bU 
ImppriHl Sliiioity) ths Dutoof Mepl;lcbu^(iw). 
FridUoJ, ><«;piii. C!l<j)^w. tia,, I^nndoo. IQSt, 
4to ; Afohirfo StoriTO Itflllaaii (niiovn arriol, 
iii. 99, 1(1) ; Abdin'ii Thcalr. Europ. iii. 183 ot 
vq. if. 3S0, filX, rot. *.pt. i. p. AT.l; Khoron- 
huUir'a Ann, tW.xil. lIAfl el titq.; Oheniniu'* 
K,.el|tl. Schw«di>ch. in Tautiiahlan<l |tn(tilirt. 
KriaHa Th. it. 329, Mi ; Fontcr'a AlbrccIiU ron 

Wallnutein Qngfdruckle Bhafe (BsrltD, I81S~ 
IS29), iii. 308 »l leq, : Iturliary'a Ralalioa of a 
JouToey of th« Bight Han. XiMd Uaory Howard 
and bin BmUuet, tho Ran. Edward Bowatd. bom 
Jjoadon to Tinnna, l,oadoD. 1671; Taffantw^i 
OMarBaLagntioi]uam maodanta . . . Laojuldol 
ad Partam Ottomunairam aaaeppit portfat^na 
. . . Waltonii S. U. 1. Oomaa da Lailir. Tirnna, 
1872; Tlril. Mu».AddiLMa!8ia«.f. 1S4; By- 
raill**H|jit« of IhaOttoman Empire, 3rd (il.. ICpiiC. 
Dediont.; Omnaer'aBi^.Hist.of KngUnd: aUa 
nuthoritim dl«il UIld,^r BuiLait. Wii.nta, t'^oi'wr. 
K<-(r.-rit wrir<ir" wbo lmr<i nodwtmir"! ly reJia- 
bilitiitp WnlluniitMn'a cbaraetar. and hata conaa- 
qnpntly naught to imnLMlia aadhiaMaociataM 
at Ki.nirin 1031a«h[r«d aMaatiaa,ar« Hall«lch, 
Waiiifnatfin's Kndv. Linprig, 1S70. 8to. and 
Schflbak, I^mag d«r Wnllmiteiafnga. Borlia, 
tSSI. Cf. atao ilallwich'i snirlB on l^u»\'ii in 
iha All^emeina DautMha BiographiB, Ilnnka 
juatiQdi Lcalio's act.] J. 3L R. 

LESLIE, wri,UAM(J.I(W4F). principal 
of King"* OciUf^i!. Aberdixin, fac-.loiigMl to Uut 
family of LmLl- of Aiki-nwnv or .\iknnvy 
in BonllaUin', Bishop Keitn arroniioualj 
cnlla him a brother ot^ John Lvalio, bUiop 
eucoM«iT«dy of tho laW and Rapboe, (In 
father of ClinrlM lA*lie (1650-1 7 :.'if) k. v.] 
l^dlIoat^^d at Kin^'innlli-Ko, Ab'nlf*n.h«l»- 
ciinir-hiimnm't ibori' in IfiO-t, r>-iri>nl in I'll 7, 
nub-prini-ipnl in 1023, and on thR pmwntn- 
tionof B:.-<bop l>uin<.-k F»rhL-!< (l.'i&l-ieSS) 

ta. v.], whos(< patrona^ was a iCBtimony to 
.la pirty and lt?aniin|f principal in ItlSi!. On 
the attempt of John Dtirie lo unite llie Lu- 
tbernna and tlin reformed cburclief, Arch- 
bifbnp Spotiin-cHid mqnMtod tho theological 
furulty of Aberdom to givf tlwir jiuj^mvot 
in ihi- mutter, and LeBlinwaaonoof ait dnc- 
tora (the other* bejn|[ John Porboa (1668- 
lOm [q. v.], Robon Baron (lG93P-iesa) 
Tq. v.l. Alexander SerofcTri*. -Isine* Sibbald, 
iind Alexander lioL^) who, 'drawing a dta- 
tiiiclion bffwoi'n nbanluie on*enl in nivrr 
Ibint;. nnd ngrfimont in cMimliiil pi'tinlh. de- 
clnriii ibnt both tbri Liithfirnna and tin' Ro- 
formfd, ripbllv undcrstnod, nj(rrmi in th<i*9 
ttiutltTB of faiib Hi to wliieh thr anoient 
obim-b had bi-eii uf one opinion,' wbvrpn|Km 
8iiini><.-I Htiiberrord, tli^n in baui^bmunt at 
AlK'nl-^en, wroiu i.hat *a leoonciliation with 
popfiry waa inltrnded.' 

.Vt Ihi- royal rinitation of ihn nnivtratjr 
in April UWif*, I.riiliDn-aii'fniind tobnvcbaan 
defectivi;> nnd ncglupwt in hi* ofBdc,' but na 
ho ' was known to m ane man of trade lit«ira- 
luro, lyff, and convcrBalion," the coramia- 
sioii-rre werv cont«-nt to udinouish him to 
altend better to bi4 admi nisi rat Jve dotieo 
and teadi leM, c»nlininir bini to one leolarfe 
in tliMtlof^ nnd onn in flnbnaw in (he ireeh. 
By- (hi* titne the tuttiunnl eovonnnt Etad ttcMi 




pradualmW, u»d van bcinx colli uiiaalicallT' 
fi^MdUitoi^oat Sootlud. But aL Alittr- 
doiui the townwneD would bire none of it ; 
eke tfaealogiMl CMiutty condeeaned It : *aA 
wfMn ' the ubiw ' Miil«oinmi«noaera (uoong 
whiHB wen IfoBlrOM and I{«nd«noii, Citnt 
■Dd IK«kMa) to adroeau th* eauM, the 
AbenlMti docton mat H>tm with a Mrie* of 
^OMCion* rr^trding 1h« lawfulnta* of tlie 
omwDatit and tbe anthoritj by wbicli ii wai 
mpoMid. 'ilwir nwivi-d tW thanks of the 
Iwnr tot tboir' Snnii'.-M, anil on 3S Mnrch 
IflSO, Ml tbe approaoh of tli* covoiuwtinK 
army to Ab w dw, LmIik, vritli Sbbald and 
Baitra and wnns nxty cavaliers, nilr^ for 
Bn^tand. OiarlM wm unablo in pmli-v-l 
Umu, Lfalio and Sibbald Tvttirnetl bi)iiii_- in 
tfcaaatamn, and ia July liilO tli<> tfi'ii-^'rn] 
■Mcmbljr wiikli met in Aberdt-i>ii dinui^e'l 
hfan tnm tbe miniBlry, and d«pnrfKi him 
of bis pnndpalabip, on geneml charge* of 
lasiBMs, Bsrii^M, dninlconnoH, and liii 
iwAm*! to muMcrib* th* covonant. Wriiim 
of the nthrr patty explain the laiiiuiia Bit 
booldihntw. mid a ' retired mooaatic way of 
liviofc ; ' tb«7 indignantlj deny the drunh«n- 
Bota, daMriblng Um as ' sober and abst^rasiono 
abovi! bu accoien.' His nmlaifM wa* c«r> 
taintr rraisfkafale. H^'wuimtbt heard to 
npf r'lgiiniTf bin nni^otor thniTprcmdor^, 
bat MufMnd nil thinKi with itrpat pftticnm, 
■n^ndiiiK (lod'a will ' — firm, 1iovr«ver. iii his 
nfoMd of the co^-cnant, ' Bayinfr bi> would 
aol bort bis ooosdetKe for worldly means.' 
For a time be occupied a cfanmbnr in iho 
eoUogv which h* bttbeno had ruled. IiiIt, 
be was ihoouMC of tbo Maranu of Hunllr 
at Gordod Cattle, bin that rerug» oIm failM 
bin, and bo w«nc to live wilbliis binunan, 
A U-.uniler Douftlw of ^^]l}■nie, Etf^hiro, son 
of a formn' bitfliiop of Miwar. at wboae house 
lie died of caaoer about 16&4. 

LmUc'a 0(iDleai)wrWM areloail and nnatii- 
OMMM in their pruw of his imatlnmingaDd 
iastruciifeeooT^rution.biit nnlbinfc remain* 
of bii>wri(in7iip-xrc|ic IwoiJion Idlinehf^ies 
on hi* palroii Ui*hop fntrick Forbiu, con- 
tainad in tlie ' FuneraU ' of that prelale, and 
a b^gvuDt OQ tb« nriiini^ of Cassiodoros 
pPMcrv^l brDr.GeorgeCfarden rq.v.jin his 
edition of lae works of John Pofbcs. 

[Fmii Abn>don«aaM (flpaUinc: Qabli Family 
of LmIm: Oardtq's Opwa JcaiiBi Fotbadi ; 
flpaldipi'K Hutorr of tbe TkiiiUh: Ootilon'* 
SaolsAfliiri; BUIiop I'urbai'ii FuRoniU(Kwlti». 
woods SMiKy). ftc.) J. C. 

LBBUE, WILLIAM (10.57-1737), U- 
Opof liBTbaob in SM' in l>l*>7,was 
laenodsonof Wifliiun Ijwlie, Hftb Inird 
>JWartfaiU.Ab«rdooiuhin>,bybi* wil^ Anno, 
dangbtor of JaioM Elpbiastoaeof Glacb, and 

grand^iieM of William Elphitulono [c|. *.], 
bishop of Aberdeen. He wc^t at theoffD of 
eleren with hla elder brotber to Einji'ii Ool- 
legy>, Aberdeen, and on Idanti^' th« uiiiveniiy 
bo was for a time parish sclioolmait^ of 
(^bniwl of Gariocb, nwr bin falhrr's property. 
InlOtUheronuiTed to rndna for purpnoMof 
study. There be beoaroi- a Ibimnn cnlhnlic 
and took holy onltrti, Oanlinnl ItnrbnTigo 
uppoiiited him profussurof lbi.-ul<i^y ut I'adua. 
Ilohad relatives in Aiulria, tile CoiiniiiLnilie, 
andbi>wvnttohelpt1ieniin the managmcint 
of their nflain. Through tbnir infltimcc he 
became in ITIK biahon nf Waitz<'n in lliiii- 
pary. He »oon won liigh fAVoiir with ilia 
i-mpLTor, who in 171(* procutud hi* tranala- 
ili.Mi to the more important mw of Laybac.h, 
»ii uji^intmeut which carrinl with it the 
'lij^'niCies of inotronolitan of CeraioLa and 
pnnco of tlm Holy Konisu Kinpitv. Hewaa 
nl<o n privy councillor to the otnpimw. In 
ITio lnj .,>nt liimcifi -Sootland, to hii brother, 
bill poriritit and bu diploma from the univer- 
■ity of Padua, r<^liCI> Will projcrvcd ar Wart- 
Intl, alonjj with some inteivstinf Initnrs de- 
scribing his prosperity, luimeof lli(.-M(July 
I7in) lio Rpmks of Sc<->tUii(l at- tht^ Land of 
CahM.' nadi«din17^. 

[Ltalio'* nin. lUcordii of llis Fnmliyaf Lmlie 
(IMS); FftMi AberdooMUN.] J. C. 

LESI.Y, Oi:onQE(il701),diYineand 
jioct, a unlive i>f Scotland, wu imiiluted to 
the rectory of Vi'iltcrinK in Nortbiimpionshire 
in l^\, was ttnnented to ibti vicaram of 
Ulney, I Xor. L0S7, and was bnried in Olnoy 
Church an 17 March 1701 (maouacript note in 
/«rar/« TroMn; Liiwomh, £i>ntf, iv.3<J7). 

lj!»Iy wiwtn: 1. 'Fin* and Itrimatone, 
or tbe IlLiitniction of ,Sodom' '187&], 8vo. 
^. *.\hraluLm'«Faiib,' u.d. .\ nionlilv, 
the wriler calls it, a 'Traai-Comody, which 
* pleased myaeir and frieucU. 

Bet if it plowo not otbvra. lat tham out 
Itont of door*, porhapa't may bailie last.'.— I^. 

The ohara«*r» include the Devil, n .Midwife, 
Faith, Floab and Despair. The two rrprintnl 
wiib additions in 3. ' Divine Dtaloguo, vi;t. 
Ph-aa's Doom, Sodom's FlamM and Abm- 
ham'* Failh ... to which is added Joacph 
ttcriv'd . . . thn ircoiiid cditinn,' London, 
1661. A dedioation to Cbarin, Earl of 
Weatmoivhuid, dated U June Ifl'tt, deseribe* 
tbe work as ■ the froam cvncnption of on« 
born in acold climate.' BuntdriayabaMwa 
flr« editkin dated 1678. To«ri'ib<-r with thin 
work ill bound up in tlie Itriticb Uiiseum 
copy 'Tlio fniversal Medicine, n Sermon, 
toother witli four mor*,' ?nd edit. ItBI. 
i, ' tani*l'sTroubl<« and IViumph, or ih« His- 
tory of the Dangem in and Detii tmnce out of 




Egypt . . . turned into EnijIiBh verse,' 1099 
<JOLLBI, Cat. iiL 1001' With the exception 
of No. 4, all these ra voluoies are in the 
BritUh Museum. 

[Add. "US. 24492, f. ISl (Hunter'B Chorus 
Vstnm) : NotPi and QueriPS, 5th irr. xii. SOS ; 
Bnkur's Etio.;. Drnni. i. 151 ; Lomidm's Blbl. Man. 
(BohD), p. 1313.] T.S. 

LB8PEC, WALTER {d. 1153), founder 
of RierauU Abbey. [See Espec.] 

LESSE, NICHOLAS (Jl. irwO). reli^oua 
writer, in described bf Tanner as a citizen and 
merchant of l^odoD. There is no evidence in 
support of thiB Htutement.Ksrcept that Lesee's 
books were pulilished in London. He was a 
friend of Bi^liip Hale, who encouraged him in 
his literary enterprises. His onlv originnl 
work in the ' Apologie of the Worde of God, 
declarrnict' how necessarye it is to be in all 
men's hands, the want whereof is the causa 
of al vngodlinoM* [London, Lil", 8ro\ This 
work is appended to his translation of Me- 
lanchthoQS 'Justification of Man bv Faith 
only,' likewise published in 1547. lie also 
translateil t he following works ; 1 . ' The Minde 
and Judgemi'nt of JIaister F. I^ntbert of 
Auenna, of the wyUof Man,' London [1518], 
8vo. :.*. ' The Censure and Judgement of 
the fnmou4 Clark Erasmus, of Koterodam, 
whether Dyuorsemente . . . standeth with 
the I>swe of Clod,' London [1560], 8vo. 
;). St. Auffustine's'Twelfe Steppes of Abuses,' 
lyondon, l>oO.Mvo. J. St. .Vugustine's'Pre- 
■It'Slinat ion iif Saints, and Vertue of Perse- 
verauncB to tlicnd,' London, l.'>.'>0,Bvo. Ac- 
cording to Tiinner'a unsiipjwrtud statement, 
he al:io triinslated Luther'd 'Commentaries on 
the two Epi<Iles of St. Peter,' Polydore Ver- 
gil's ' \h: luvi'nforihii* Uorum,' and .Epinuj 
<m curtain ' Psnlni=.' 

(Tanner's Illlili<>th«o^i Briuinnico-IIibernioa, 
1748, p. 47H-. Ilrit. Mu«.Ciit. ; Watt's Bihlio- 
theci BriliiniiiiM.] C. W-u. 


(\71l-"i -IH-IM), luyor-gL'neral, Bombay artil- 
lery, thinl son of^ John I-eater, merchant, of 
UaciiUL't Court, Fleet Street, and his wife, 
Elizabeth Piirkinson, born on !t Feb. 1795, 
was educated at .Mr. Juplisnn's academy at 
Camberuvll und ut Addi^coiubc. He quali- 
fied for II commlHsiim on 2'1 April IHl 1. His 
commi^iiiiin-^. III! regimental ones in the Itom- 
buy artillerv, were dated, second lieutenant 
iJ-IOct, 181 i,Iieiitfniint. 'I Sept. 1815, captain 
1 Sept. 18)S, major 14 May 1 8M, lieutenant- 
colonel Aug. 18 » (Nombay G. O. 8 Sept. 
1K40), brcviit -colonel 15 March 1851 (O. O. 
■1 June 18-')1), major^neral 28 Not. 18&4. 
Of iiiafbrty-6rc years of service tbirty-scren 

, were passed in India, chiefly as acting na- 
missary of ordnance, commiasaiy of itim 
secretary to, and afterwards ordinary tasmta 

I of the military board. A system of bw^ 
keeping by double entry, intit)ducad hyhil, 
was ordered to be generally adopted in tk 
ordnance department {Mil. Com. 21 Mm 
1831, No. 2184). As an ordinary member a 
the military board he was ' specially thaabl 
for his ieaIou« and efficient services' by tit 

Kvemor of Bombay (G. O. 7 April I8*(> 
!3ter was a man of deep religions a»- 
victions, and his leaving a mess breakte- 
table at which Sir John (^afterwards Lori) 
Keane . q. v. j was present, in protest aniaR 
the prokne tone of the conversatioa,^i(«d 
him long under an official cloud. In April 
1858 he was ap^inted to the cnnimiDaof 
the southern division of (he BombavamT, 
with headquarters at Belgaum, and aHonsi 
command there on 12 May 1857. His wiw 
' measures during the montlis of Mav to Sep- 
I tember 1857 were believed by Sir (jeorga U 
I Qrand Jacob [q.T.] 'in allprobabilitytohan 

5reventedanexplasionatBe]gaum'{ JTetttn 
ftdia, p. 218). These measures, of whicb 

^ there is a memorandum in possession of tbr 
family, consisted chiefly of the repair of the 
fort, the removal of the powder and ammaai- 

; tion within the fort, night patrols, chiefly of 
civilian volunteers, deportation of suspected 

1 sepoys, removal of guns, gun-carriages, boBM, 
&c., from the exterior to the int«rior of the 
fort; removal of the depot of ILM.dlth, with 
its four hundred European women and chil- 
drBn,imothefort; vetoingthepropoaalofthr 
commandingn(Gcerofthe21*th Bombay nativr 
infantry, backed by the political agent, 3fe. 
Seton-Karr, to disarm the ri'giraent as mnti- 
neers, on the ground of the inadequacTof 
anv European force for the task, and thewt- 
tainty of a failure, ending in disaster; ibt 
holding of courts-martial and execution awl 
punishment of rebels on the arrival of BritiA 
troops (10.\ug.l867) (see Sn-^RT.iimMU- 
ceM«i), Orw of these courts-martial consiit«d 
entirely of native non-commissioned officen^ 
The measures were preventive only, but thw 
were among the measures which prevented tht 

' flame of insurrection spreading to West«n 
India, and I>ester has hardly been giv<^n thf 

I credit justly due to him in respect of then. 
He wus found dead in his bed nl heart diseasr 
at 7 A.M. on a July 1858, at Itulgaum. 

Iiestermarriedflrat,in 1828, at St. Thomas^ 
Church, Bombay, Helen Eliubeth HoniM, 
by whom he had two children, who died ia 
infancy; and secondly, in 1840, at M>^ 
bleshwur, Charlotte Pratt, daughter of tba 
Bev. Charles Pnie ; by her b« &td in Ail- 
dren, two of whom survive. 




[Infomnltaa Mp^M I7 tb* ladiii aSin uid 

Laatfv'* joaager mTiTinK na, Xr. II. V. 

— T, imtnM»r-U-law : W, h.SloMt's (Uai- 

of • Sdditr, i>. 2*1-6; Lc Gnuid 

iVi Wssttra latUa. pih SIS M Mil-; lt*nU 

31>g. IMS, t^. ii- p. »3.J U. M. C. 

LE8TOCK, RICHARD (lrtr9»-i:4ii), 
■dounl, wa» ibe smmoJ mii of Kichnnl I.0- 
Moek, ra|iluti in ibn imtj onil moKi'trBlr' 
Cur tli« couniv of MiJdIvwx. It i* uiO lUat 
ih^ father beloogtd totliefajiiil5arix9liici{, 
rnrmTlf omunc laiwc isUt«* in Pinnlv (ia- 
fbrtDatioD tnm 31. WitMM of AmicD*), liui 
tbe exact RJtUioiubiD ift doabirul ; thv ■mu 
on Ilia matinnenl, wlitrli ue not reoogiuMd 
bv Biirk* {Oritrral ArnwiiiyX «n nol lho«* 
o? I>«t4xq (JtuMiiai/r de AoorJinl, anil ih" 
cireuinAiWK** of bU faaily't •etdofonBt in 
Encland «« iraknowo. It Mcou not* pn>- 
bwlo that k* vmji 'of ut obwure ramilj in 
lb* pariih oif f^teiwey' (AWm irmf tjie'rie*, 
7th >«-. vi. 463). As mHj aa I6i;7 I he 
elder Lmiiuck conimaaiM Ibo Gsbriel fire- 
kbiptCiURXnTK, i.9!U>. IttraftorvraniUbad 
annplayiBfni in ih* rarmmtiia miuino, nod 
witb oiImt cQumiandcrs of tnereUant *hipii 
wu calkd bnfaiu Ibc board of ndmirallr un 
ill Dw. IflSJO, and, dvcliiTiiiit himitclf nitlinK 
to Mmr in llii.- obit. wa9a|ijx>i:itcd'jii <l Jan. 
lOBft-l to bi^ capiniii of llic CniiiliriJi:--. mid 
took postthmi tliat A»y {A-iin'mlt;/ SfiHUlf- 
iooJkj. n* di«d at Awon in ?tnriliniQptnn- 
•hir*'. in hi* KrvnnlT<l)r>l vnar, In Mav 1713 
(BaIEO. IlUt. of SartAam^ton, ii. \'Ji). 

Tbr •roungat Iticbard u laid <Ad<l. MS. 
i'44m. i ra i) la have bwn bora on I'l' F<.-b. 
I(t79 ; it i* mow probaUa that ho waa bora 
•oiD« y^am earlier. Tbere i« no record ot 
bta raTliwt wrvico in tlii* n&ry. Li April 
1701 be wa« appnint^id Ihlnl Ii«ill«ii*nl '>f ibe 
Cunbrid^, In NornnbiTr tiitolnnnnl of iho 
8ol«b«f, in January I701-'i of thi- Kxi't^r, 
in Fi-hmary 1708-) of tliu Harduur. tlnit- 
*hip "f Sir Ctowdislvv SbovrU 'J. v.] iii ibc 
battl« cf Motan, In tb* ftjIlDwing yr^r Iil- 
vaa again with Shovel] in ibu BnlnnDia. 
Mtd VM pronotad to cwuoi^tikd the Fuwi^v 
on 30 Aiitil 1706, from irhirh <latfl li« took 
poat. After the caplur^ n( .\lli:viti> [urn 
Luxe. Sik Johs] hi.' wan wiit homi' with 
dcapnichts, and rolumiux to tbi- Mi^liii^r- 
imBean wna Mnjilujod witli fpiMd nucn'M 

TJnat tlie enumy's {jvivalcm in iho Slriils 
Oibtaltar; bul OB 14 April I'lX', mi lirT 
MM*^ from Ali<4UiI<' lo l.isbon.the Fuwe}' 
uU ui wiib two of tlio enemjr'a lO^uu 
tngUMt •>■■) *"" captured afln a runnini; 
flcal of acVTial houni. IjMoek iriA shortly 
anorwardu oicbanjro<l, and on hi* rvlum to 
EagUad wa< triisl br court-martial for Ibo 
IcM of hi* (hip and fullj aciiuttled 31 Aug. 

inm (Minmtrt ^ <h* Ctmrl-marfmll. In 
1710 be GooiniBndi J tho Wfymonlb in thi> 
Wont IiuIns villi t.. tniooilorr JaniM Little- 
too [q.v.1; in 1717 ue uucnmandnl th? Pan- 
tber in tho Baltio wiih Sir Gmrtcr Hjtiy 
[a. vj; and in 171i>hp wadBnr«niloait)ainof 
the Barilear. Sir Oeorge Bjng's Safpibip, in 
the b«itle off Cape Plawarix and in the »o'>- 
*eqii«ut ofwiwione in Sicilian waivra. In 
1738 Imi was apiKHnloil lo tli« Prinoeas 
AiBclia, and ia if Sn to t\v Itofal Oak, in 
Ibp fle«< undorSir Chnrle* Wanwfq.rJ <hi 
21 Frb. 173:^ bi-wa* moved into tile kuig«< 
ton, lo fia imt to the Wetl IndiM an com- 
mandei-iii-vbief at Jauain. On April he 
rooeived hi» i&>traclion« and an order to 
wear a ml broad poonani. He waa directed 
to anil at OOM^ but touchinK nt I'lyinoutb, 
conlraTT' wind* detained him tbcti! till til* 
end of tlu! month ; be did not aail till tbe 
:»lb. But on Id May Sir Chaloner Oglo 
(</. 17i)0) Tq. T.I vras appointed ' cummandea- 
lu-cbief of ibe '»hip« at Jamajra, in the roora 
oi Comiwidor* Le*tocV'(.4'(BiiVo//w MinnU- 
twHb). On |.'t Jnnn a Inllcr irat ivriiinn to 
L«(iock bv tbe lotda ihomMlvtu, octbiriiig 
him to iiriLc hia flafr and return to England. 
In thi«,llioonl5ofiioial letleron the subject, 
no reawin U WBiKnod : but I..«stock, »'ntiii)( 
from Vatt Roral on ^1 Nov., reparting tli« 
arrangvmenla lie had made for nia pasaage, 
add« : ' My affair Uxing without pivcedent I 
cann*^! mv much, hut (ucb a fain a* I bavo 
ini'i with II farwar» than dunlh. oanT pn^ 
(icukr* of which 1 doubt not will be heard 
froin me when 1 Bball be able to nraacnt 
myiMlf to mjr lords of tlie admiralty iChji- 
taiiu JjrtUn, L. vol. vii.) Without anv 
further official explaiialiou or inraMigalion 
be was aDpoknte<l on -n Fvb. 1733-4 to bo 
caplnin otihp ^micrrar, one of IWBUtjr<nino 
■ship' conimii«ionnj on the mme day a« a 
prcfJintionnry m«i3urc,on account of Ibo war 
of thp i'oli»h »iicceffiiou (BElTaoK, i. 23, 
iii. 8 ; A'tmirally Minule-ioaky 

TIic Somerwi wm stationed aa guardabip 
at Chaiham and in the IiledwnT, and in ker 
L««lock continueil till April 1738, whon ho 
wa« tiimo'l itver to tho Gmfton, emjiloyrd 
on ihK mm" *«rVLCe. In Auguit Ii39 ho 
wan movivl to tho Boync, one of ibu «bim 
which in the foUowinK venr went out to tie 
Went Indies with Sir Ckalonrr Ogle. Ad a 
cnpiain, Lesiock wu senior to tlie r>arl of 
Oniimnl and four others, including Nicholu 
Haddock [a. r.] and Oglo,who wnm nil pro- 
moted to Hag rank Mfoi« him: Unuiurd 
and HnddocV in May 1734. The date ma- 
gHt« that l.oHtock waa passed over fur the 
samn royirtitrious reosona wlueh led to liia 
roooll ^m Jamaica. Chamock (Biej- >VaF< 





SS^flMQipiMalynH^rlstliiLt he K<lirEril from 
•HwMin^Vitwei'D 1T31 aiul 1740. Hh was 

■ctunllv iu commoail of b ship [luring the 

\rholi? tiiae. 

Ill I \Uf Wo«t Inili<-a Loaloclc WM BuUlOrlMd 
to llv n Ijrond p«iiiuinl at coaaaaian *nd 
tliird in commnnd of llii^ fleet under Vici»- 
admirnl HJwftrd Venion (1884-1757)fq.r.], 
•nd tuiih |)urt in the uiHM^iioni against Coi^ 
taHvDu. itct.uull,v cuinuianilitiK in tb« ntiaok 
on FiTi. Sim Luis on iS Maroli, whita tlie 
Bcivnc tiiir--rL>il ><evi>KlyaHdh)idtDb«iniped 
out rif aeiinn. On tho ntttirn of the fleet to 
J.iinnitM I.^'i-x-lc wii* oniw«^ homo, with 
nioBt of ihc InrpT nhips. With hi< broad 
j>nnn.-iiii in the lloynl Cnrdiiau bo amri^d 
in Knclund in (h* t-tid ttt Auaunl, und wna 
■hortly uflLTvrard* nppointrd lothi? Nc^lniii*, 
to eoininiVTid a large THinforcuinmit going out 
to the ModilHTanean. nisMilingwM,liow- 
erer, delayed for several wiwIcb, and lie did 
lii>tloin]lculi1opkli1lrh<<nndof.lnniinrv 174:2, 
Mia th«n wilh the ship* m Khiittend W bad 
WMther, nnd Ibo etf.vt no iliiahlnd br sicli- 
nMt nnd death, that ihi.- latii;-<>\pL-etf<) rein- 
forceoioni waa of no immediatfl uw (Wait 
poiz. I^rier', Cuaningham'a ed,, i. 96; bi;^ 
ITahowk, Xicnoi.**). "ni^Xoptunenrriwl 
withajiiri' furoiiiii't and bowsprit, 250 people 
aick fill bonril, niiil l^nd biiriod -U in the piL*- 
Mjre'niiwldopUliDiikcof Ncwcniiti*,! Feb. 
17il-a). On lyMiirch 1711-3 IvP.tocl(irii» 
prtmoled to lie nuir-udmiral nf ihe white. 
Wliirn.acouplHofnio[ilh»la)er,IInddock wu 
oompL-lW bv Iii4 weak health to return to 
EngUnd, I-wtoci mccppdod lempororilv to 
the conmuid, nnd bn bnth hoped anir<u[- 
piKtod to bo appniiilcd to it from ICngknd. 
Otlier ofReerii — notably Varnon and Uathom 
^wko lud been paaaud omr for their flag, 
b&d been rutored with ihuir orifriiul se- 
nioffity : lie applied in hnve the sumo favour 
shown lohimlLeMarld'tniikMofXewMstle, 
8 May I7-12), and win bitterly disnpiiointed 
wlion h^ Innmed lliiil Mntln^wi wm on bin 
wny out to »iipenG>di: him [ttan Miiitiiwa, 

It ha.1 lieeu said that between Lotitoek 
and Mathews theri' iria a quarrel of long 
Btandlng, and that Mulh>!ws in at-eeptiTii* 
the command, hnd stipiiIntM ihnl liefttoclc 
should bo rDpallnd (niiATHOx, i. 1.^3). On 
their first meeting, whi-n Leitock wi-nt on 
Lonr'l Mntliewa'« lla))>hip, ho wda publicly 
ri-priumnded in a reiy blunt manner for not 
harinir >ent a frigate to nl«el the admiral nt 
fiibraltar (ii.) Ourlng tlio aut eighteen 
monclis, however, the two were wldoin i.o- 
guihur, Mathew« b«ingr mncb occupied by h ia 
diploinaticdutietawnyfVom the Rest, though 
fn>n) timi! to ttm*) he wrat* complaining of 

the Kspensibiliiy whieh Leaiock'i bad healik 
throw on him (Mathew« to Uuke of New- 
castle, 3 Ang.-l Ocl. I7J3). llonoit and 
hearty co-operation between the IwoseeuteJ 
iinpoHiblti. .Vccordinfly in the Rrtion oft 
Toulon on II IVb. 174<1-4, when l.rf4tock, 
wlio on 29 Nov. I74S hod been promotnl tit 
bo ricu-admirul ft the white, comraandwl 
the iwar of the fleet, hf wo* determined to 
do nolhbg to help MsihiMvs, whote onlf^ra 
were confused and tiignals faulty. Heobfved 
the letter of thesiffnala andof the 'Fighting 
Inst ntot ions,' cftroTed", it would »iwm, of rli« 
di*gnicr< which full on the Itriiiilt flag. (>n 
thi,< night of iho 10th the rear divinion wa» 
n long way tt«trrm nnd to windward of it« 
ntntion; but when Mutlu-w.-i made the signal 
l<i ' bring to' for the night, LL-sloek, ignoring 
the signal for the line of battle, at once 
brought to, and, allowing liis AOiindrC'n to 
dril>, WM at daybreak on thi> lltfi •>>in<ifiTa 
or fax mile* astnm. Rt!pnnt«d tiignnli irero 
miidn to him to cloan thn lino; hn could not 
orwouldnotobey thoni, and remnincd osti-m 
during the wholu dny. When Maihewa 
made ihe signiLl to engage, ho amied that, 
as the signal for the Ime yras atill Rf ing, he 
wa» bound primnrily to kwp the lin«, nnd 
to engage only when he ennld do lO in thn 
line. Aft>.'rthn action, Mathnws, diuatisfied 
with hU rondnct and ht« rxplonation of it, 
*ii(])Knded him from hi> oommnnd and sent 
him to ICnglnnd, where, on the roqueot of 
the House of Cmnmons, he was tried by 
courC-murtial in May 1740. The trial Instml 
through the whole month, and ended in a 
nnanimons acqiiiilnl. The Hndrng ha*i>n«ii 
been »]>akeii of a* a g^'^ss miscamo^ of jiu- 
tiof; tlin mpflning oT tho signals wm clear, 
and in prraenpf of the enrmy, when battle was the duty of erery ship 
to he alongside one of the oumuvV But the 
court, considering ihe regulations in fom 
at the time, could couio to no other de^Mon 
on the lechuicnl, as distinct from the moral 

'IVn diiys nfler hi* ncqnittai I^eMoek wa« 

Promoted to be iidmiral of the blui-, Tj Jiin« 
71'), and appoiuieil to eomnnind a ai^iivlron 
de»tined, in the flmt instance, to opemie 
againi^t IJu^bei-. 1>iit diverted from that end 
to nil exiH>i.liii<->n agaioel Lorient. This proved 
a niisiTablermliirv,and the troops wore teoufht 
hack filler nn i(;nnminioiianrpnlse( Viepni'ie 
d' ViilU XV, ii. L'TO; TnoiTDB,!. 308; Qtnt. 
Mag, I74G. p. 'ton. Itut beyond convoying 
them there nnd back ngain tli« fleet had little 
aluireintliework.andit does not appear that 
Le«took waa resjion^ible for this flasco. On 
hi* return to Portsmouth he waa ordered to 
strike hit flag, which lie did, meekly [irotesu 

Lestock I 

ingKDci bopinit to be Mnpl^rL-d ioIbprolloTr- 
iag Bpriug iO/rmf^ndfnti 0/ J^n, /ourlh 
Duk* ^ BtifanI, i. 177): but lie lud no 
ftinhor diMtm, dTing ot gout in iliu •totnncfa, 
IS Dm. 1746. 

Ndtbinc to i^tMock'* oAicial coniluet or 
comcpuadanoB «-«n«D(* tim Tqiuialion for 
mnaniAile ■biliij' whicli u nfion auign«d 
bioL, piruidpkU;^ oa (lie ground of t lir i>u<'(i<«it- 
(bl iMoe 10 which ke lirougbt liis coun-mnf 
ti«l unil UisqiMrrcl wilb Mat}ii.-ws< U'altuli:, 
I^ltrrt^ t. 350). Tli«n>p «ri> many iiidiailifiiu 

I of lii* l»-lii(r, in nialilT, n conrtistd. jiiuak- 
.bcadnl lOKti.iuiti' tinabbi t(icl<ar biiu^elf iu 
• difficult Hiiualkiti like that in wliicb bit 
«M pUeed at tbo battle of Toiilon. 
. Leatodi marrwU ftod bad imuo. Thr wir>^, 
SBnli.«bodi«a VI S<-pl. 1711. deicrib-tl Ixr- 
_ Mlf ta ber will, ddie.) 4 Ftb. 1711-2. a* for- 
mntlj nf CliipwoU Itow in Kuex. and now of 
Portimouth (vX. Sotr* irnrf QnrnM, Ulb »i.-r. 
\'\. t^~\. A Kicbnn! l.dM<iclc baptised al 
Cbiirwell, 14 July 1 7l'3(LnoX«, £ 
ISO), najr tlius girobalily have bMo lur nnn. 
[f ao, be pneuutably ^ied rotiBf. Janea 
Poors who wu [irouMilfd In- Li!Sla3c. SR A lie. 
1 7 >tS, U> bi> capCn 1 n of t he K i njfUon nt J D maicB , 
' t«pak4^ii of ax hiiMio-iii-lftw (Captain XVind- 
AB >o Lwtoek, ^.'S .\uf. 1732); tlie promo- 
t'tlan, botreT«T, ira* nol roefirmed ; PMra did 
|*at vet poet nnk till 1741 and died in Ko- 
Ivenber 174U. Id Snrab's will no child is 
Pnantioiivd ejcci>M Elt/iibi-ili, who pmrfid tho 
^Vill It Jbb. I741V-7. Tbia dtugbter mnrrinl 
Janoe PMKock, a puT*?T tn tlie dktv : hnd 
two aona, Uxaook and James. Hn. Lestock 
.•Mne t4> ban b««a on bad lermA iritli her 
Ifcoabond. LMtockinliuwiU.dalMl 17Julv 
174(1^ leA abcolntcly all hU orapeny to Wit- 
Saa M«4ik« of London, apothMnry, wilb Ibe 
I sxenplioa of iOtW. to * my boooiirrd fTimd 

" Fox, now »rCTet«ry-flt-war, to bur a' 

aaaMiio. Daring I.^elock's later year* lie ia 

t U> bare been * under the sbameful d'mc- 

af a woman lie cnmod with him.' to 

wbow eril oifiaDncn tbn failniv M Loricni !•. 

attribnted rTuniAI., Omtiiuation of Itspin't 

r.ffut0iy Iff Btgtand.ix. (oTtlweonUnmtinn) 

F'STI). Ili* pottnil ii in llolland l!ou»e 

{A'ot— mt4 Qmerief. "lb »er. vL 4S2). 

[He Bcmoir et leeteek b Chomotk'* Bioff. 

NaT. iiL 3H le rery iBpetftct. Offleialdncu- 

, »t»U ill tbe PnbKe Reeoad OIBee ilitow niKh 

ht iM the [oMiiblK RiDHM itt his BiacoiidiMl. 

■ nitBotea nf tl>e onait-nurtwlt on Lntook 

and Uatbi'vi' arv importaat and curioiw, Tb* 

diarp^ tLedefeaee. and the Ciidingof iheronrl 

^ntwen^blitbKl. Anong the many pmipiild* 

n the MtbjeM tbe ea^ one (bat dveerm iiotim 

I A Katnuira of the FMeeadbpi of hit M^nly'a 

Pleat in the MotiternMaB nttd the coMbined 

L' Estrange 


FloAf • of Fnnoa and fjitrn. from theVtar 1741 
to Mareh 1T44. including iuino.-(inUa.\eoMnt of 
the Ut« F^hl twar Tonlon, aad (he Oauaai uf cur 
MiKHrriam^ Ily a Sea Officer (Sto. 171i). It 
hai been atlribaled to Lrttaek himulf, but was 
more probaUy inipinid l>y him] J. K. L. 

L'ESTRANOE. IIAMDN (1005-1660), 
theoloffiHii iitjd hiFluriun, luiptiied at Scdg^ 
ford, ^orfulk, it) Aug. ltM)5 (par, reg.), wan 
second eon of Sir llauion L'Cf'trauge, knt., 
of IIiiDKtanion, Norfolk, and was bniiherof 
Sir Nidiolai [q. v.] Ili« Anil baronet, and of 
^>ir Huprr [q. v.] Tbo father, great-grand- 
Bun of Sir Atchniss le Stmnm [tea under 
Lb SnuNOB, Sir Thom*91, bora in 166S, 
wits knighted bv Jnines I al llie Tower of 
l^ndoiion l;l March 10U3-~4; wo^dheriffof 
N'orfnlk in IfjOi*, Ktid M.I', for llie comity in 
Iti^O; iras royaliHt pivi'morof l.ynn in lIU^, 
xuilimxl miieh fir hi> Iitvnlcv to the king, 
iind died nt liiioiitantcm 31 May IGM. Sir 
Iluiuoii wiunutborof a work (often errone- 
ously Bttribuied U> hie son) entitled '.\mMn- 
cnns no Jews, or improhabitltiea Ibat tlio 
Americans are of thai Race,' London, 185:1 
(^October I6AI). On p, 72 the author, who 
is described as a bnignt on the titlo-uaee, 
*ay* : ' About Ibrtr years I adventured for 
till} diacoTfiTT of tUn north-we>i paMage,'aBd 
on p. 77, 'llii* nbort diseourso of Taproboia 
1 wrote many years tinoe,asa]ao a far longer 
one of Solomon's ophir.' Th«boak was written 
in answer to ' Jews in America ; or, IViW 
liitities that tlie Americans are Jews,' byT. 
Thorowgood, K.P., 16.10. 

Houkiii was admittiKl to Gray's Inn 
12 .\ug. 1617, bur dor« not aopnar to have 
I lievD eellrd to the bar. llin life was passed, 
I according to his own uuertion, ■ in the ralea 
of rural leceM,' and wan muiiily dei*ol«d to 
theolngioal sludv, in which he siiiigkl to re- 
concile his own OalvniiKlicwtiliiiieiit with an 
hereditary rnveronce for the cluircli of Ene- 
Und. On the outbreak of rhn civil wars be 
mode n careful and impartinl study of tbo 
constitutional and inligions qiieotlona in agi- 
tniion, nnd rt-solred, liko Dinar nombem of 
bis fntuily, to tlirow in hi* lotwitli the kuiff 
(see his j4//MiN(v,Pref.) He was accordingly 
soon sent for as a delinquent for aflroBting 
tlie parliamentary committee of Uie couatv 
ofNorfotk(0>mM»»ns'JaHmn/f,ii.8e4). Witb 
his father and hmlhcr be was embroiled in 
the attempted delirery of Lynn to the rnynl 
forcoa (Augiut 1613; Ilut. .VSS. OMinn. 
eib lte|i. p. SO, 7tli Kep. p. 669), and he is 
oliH) *tated to have bMn at a little later 
period a coluuel in the roval army (Ctar. 
Slate Pirpers, No. 2188). lu the preface to 
the 'Alliance* he speaks of having under- 
gone an eight years' tequentration, apparently 



L" Estrange 


L' Estrange 

between 11113 tttiil lU-'il (ivn Cat.iif C'/ia- 
mittre/or Adeanef "f yioneti,^. It*;! ; liortlt 
Journalr, ril. Si't). He <lljit)lny0ij in the 

eut'ion of Slraffbni. Il ht wrilt«i iii an im- 
purtinl spirit, wbirli \vd to I'ctcr Hi?Tlyn» 
atluck on it in 'OtweiTiilions on tin- iCmiacv 


BTDiit a inorv yit-ldin^ ilibpniiitinn iliun lii» I oi King Cliitrltit,' l(iGU. In n-pl}' to iic^'lra 
fethef orbrollie'r Rnc^r. Writing Initio Enrl 1/E«trn)i)!« Vfpot*: 6. 'Th« oWrTklor o'b- 
of MancbcMtiir, .11 Auk. 1&1-*i ''" crovmi the I wrveil.or AnimnclveraioiisuponllieOWnra- 
OWtStoncoof t.iii^ enrl. 'Iinvin^ r<?f<-mHl him- < linnii on tli«> IliflorT-orKin^ClisrlM.whfrr^- 
atit to k atrict >alil<ic|ii_v unci rvcuucik-fl bis ' in ihnt lliEt^ry in vindiiwied, parti)' illn>- 
opinion totboKiMiiorihopBrlianiout.' From I trttteil, and (eroral oliiiTr Ihingi ton<ling to 
1661 onwonU he probably lived uoilifturbeil | ili<? ri-ftifination ofuimc publii! miitakcs «r« 

and in romparativ? cnmfort. At ItinnWad nniJ 
cIsewliiT^. Tie ilit^l 7 Ana;. 1660, And wm 
buriiwJ Hi Piikeiiliftni, Snft'olfi. 

He niarrioii. fir*!, Dorolby, diiUBhtur nnd 
coli«m>h» of Kdmund LnvprJck of l.'pwfdl, 
NorfoDi; ntipundly. JnditU, (tnuRlitor of Bag- 
nail of Ixindrm, and hud itaue livi- «o»» and 
five dauffhttm. Hi« iddmtt son.Huni'tii.wlio 
diud 4 May 1T1~, aji^d 60, and wn^ buried al 
Hulin-by-tbe-Swi, inrvrri^d thrice, and l*ft a 
lari^e fuiiiilj'. His f«tli»r> work* biivo been 
occiwionnllT ns»ign(«d to liim in prror. 

His work* an- : I. -Ood'i Siibbalh before 
And midrr tlm l.nw nnd under ibe Oiis|«.-l, 
brinlly I'indicntL'd from novel! and hcitefoUDV 
luuieTtion*.' Cambridge, lOtl: uii iitt>^ni|it 'o 
jirove tb<- Subbilli a iliviiii> And inimiitnblr 
mutiCution.ilLidiculf'd lii>lb lotli'" piirlinmrnl 
and Id lii« fi\1ber. Sir ilnmon L'tUlniugL-. 
i. "Au Answer t(it.bnMnfi|iiiii()t Wiiri'i-^ter'n 
last I'lipiT TO th<< !nip Kinp, rcpruncnliiiK i" 
iboir true posturi" uiid distUMinj; brielly x\\f 
mnin ("inirovcniie- bt-i w-r^n the Enjjlisli nod 
Komiili C'bureh,' (0({el!iC'r wfilb •'im<:i cou- 
BidenitioiiB upon Dr. H«y1y'>- pnreiiilii'iicul 
interlocution fBlnlinir to theeliurvli'ipriworin 
deeiitinu' eonlmvorniiiji of srriptuiv- (lAindon, 
ICAl), in which L'ICitntnRe nrKnei iigainitl 
llin tlnim of the ("ntholic cliurcti to be the 
ifiile jiidire of Ihn meiininj; "f ncrilil ure in L'On- 
Iroveriir-i ; dediented by L'Kstraugu to hia 
iii>tiir-in-tnw,thc Lady Anne L*B«tno{{|e, wife 
of Sir NicliolHs. i^. ' SoK't'tymnuo-mMtix, 
or Short AniiQAdvL>r*loii8 upon Smectym- 

iuwrled,' London. Iflof). Heylyn wroti? tn 
answer the 'Obnf'n'iiior'o It'ejoinder' an<l 
' ICxiraneui! VannUiw," 1050. In tlip latiwr 
be chnmclcriwul I.'Kdtnnge M'slillly priu- 
ciplod in the Purilnn tanalu, a •i-nii-pr<'tbi- 
tcrinn at the lonit in tho form of churck 
jpivomintnt, a nonconform iit in matter of 
cervmouy, and a ridd xabbntiirinn in point 
of doctrine.' To tlieM! ehorf^es L'l^itmii^ 
replied in hia greut work : H. ' The Alliance 
ofnivincOfficej^.i-xbibitin^all the LiiurgiM 
of thi> Church of Englaudsince the Keforma- 
tiiin, (n nlto tho lftt« Scotch Service Book, 
witJi all tlicir reapeetivt. vnriiilioiK, nnd upon 
thiini all aniioiulr'tnn ; vindicnlinjr the Itook 
of Couiinou I'ljiyer from ilie nmin objeelions 
of it* advi.'rMiri'--». explii'stin^ mnny parcvla 
tbi'TPof not hitlierto undrraloud, nbo'winK tb« 
ooiiformity it liearelh with the Priinilive 
I'rnetice, and giviti^ a fair profpncl into th« 
I'unffe^ of the Annioni t'hiircb,' dndicnlej to 
Clirislopher, lord llaltnn, l»l edit. London, 
laCU: 2nd edit. London, 1890; .Ifd edit. 
London. 109(), with aix additional olUf»* 

Erelixed ; t><iuued at Oxford in 1840, in Om 
abrary of Anglo-CatboUc Thaobgy. 
rHl»t, Mas. Comm. Srd Bop. pp. H7. 878. 
8t£ R«i. pp. fia, ei ; CalandnnofSlAtiiFlapcn: 
Clnrtadon atalo Pnporv; Joiiriuiln nt Houm <rf 
Ci}ninioiiiiandHau«»of Lurdn: lMiilcr'»Worlhi««; 
Blom«fl«ld'a Kcvfolk; Vioai'i At]ua» Oxoa. ; 
Oraya Inn Soginor: inii^mution kindly fnr- 
Ditih*d by HamuD L'EMraap, •»•].. uf HniMtao- 
ton ; Curthew's Hundred ot Laanditeb, pt. ii. 
41(1-7.] W. A.S. 

nuus ibeir An»w»r and Vin<riciition of that 
Anawerlo the humble nemonrtrnnc- in the L'ESTRANGE, HAMON (I674-178B>, 
cauiw of Liturgie,' l^ondon, IfiSl (upncmded aulliur, wnsMitiofHamun L'Eslninf^ of Pa- 
lo No. 2, but iMigcd (epnmtelv); a defence kenham, SulTolk, by hi» second v'ife,Barban, 
of ihc Liturgy of the rbiirdi uf Enfilnnd duii|i:bter of Edward llullivck of raiilkboiira, 
■cainiit the Reply of Smecriymuuiix to the Estex. and grnndson of llamon L'lvstraB^ 
ttinionBtriince for ibe honour of lilt' Liturcy. l<f-'v.] IlfiwashapliMHlalPakenhanili Apnl 
4. "The Keign of Kiii^f Charles, an History l674.nndwniifnri>ixty-llrRTnnnion thncom- 
faithfully mid i in iiartiatly delivered nnil di»< | miMion of the pi-nce. Hn died iit Kury St. 
poied into .\nnaU,' Int odit. (anon.), Lon- Kdmundn II Mix. I7i17, and wiu buried at 

don, lOM; 2nd edit, (by H. U, <^iq.), l,on 
don, lOfiR, rrvUnd and noniewhnt eiilur([pd. 

'withn reply to HJinc Uto obwrvnliono uijoii 
that Ilimori-.' This work, wbidi Fuller 

Holm, Bv hi» wife Clirialinn Nnbclla Har^ 

vey, of Cochlield, Suffolk, be had thne 

daii|;liter», two nf whom sun'ived him. 

L'Rstrnnp) published ' Thu Just iee*' l^tw ; 

-Iwnribed as ' iin handaomu history likely In being nn .Alintract of the AMawbetvin Juf 

5 rove aa acci^ptable to paat«<rity &» it bath tice« of tbc Peace hav« tha pownr of acliiig,' 
one to Uiepi^sent age, ends witli the vko- I l^ndoii,!?:^, l:^ma, and tbu following th«o- 

Lc Strange 



logicaJ vorlu: 1. '8omH Intjiorta&t Uuiitii 
kwl Doetriae* of Kt^li^ion [irov't) frcmi th« 
Smend Scriptiirm. ^^illl mihh ixt»Moiikl 
Thoug;hl« on T>ra«ni,' Hiirj SC Eilnitinds, 
] 7'-S>, i'vn. ^. ' KiMv* on tho ll«<iog of a G«d, 
luf I ioTcrainji and Prciwrrina I^iidoncc' 
Lotxlon. IT^i, Bvo. ■■(, ' N<> Wot moro di)- 
ilful iluiii the ConjuRiO.' London, 1763, 
■i. 'A Leffiicy to The World. i>r Ewblj* 
Pramxe I^ractiul Climliiiuity. Br ft 
Til Hi(pMnie,' l.nn<)oD, ITUl*. ''<vo: I'lid 
'~' eniiiM ' A Pri«ndl,v aiul Chariublc 
ly lo iho World . . ." Willi •1)1110 Ito- 
on alatr I>aiiiphl«t inlitM " JiutiA- 
cation Iit Fnilb ■loau''*^by John llnrridgr^, 
<j. V.;. Bury. 1707,8ra. 

(CkrtfcrwSlln&drMlaf I^ WT.S; 
AMa MS. ItlSO, r IM: L'Ertnng. Twligt™ 
in UJomallelil'* Xotfolk, ei. PMrkin. x. .1U-1A ; 
Br.!- Mua- C*i.] J. M. It. 

STVI.KIIAX ( |Hl.")-l?fi2i.«rT anmt.^iintnd 
diswralivr- [ttini-'r, l»irii oti i^i Jiiii. T"*!.!, whs 

[^only HID (it lli'iirv Stylitnian of Sn>'tiU!iani 
nd lIuui'.Bnion, Notfolkiby Emilia, d-tiieh- 

^*cr <if iJcnjnniin I'ntily, his wife, lli» fnllirr 
wan rraniLiuii of Nii'buliu SiylL-asn. who 
OiamtHl Amiiii.-, elder dAiwlitpr of Sir Ni* 
cbolo* L'E«lr*iige. fourtJi Mrunal. aiij CO- 
fa«ir««a of ber brotlier, Sir Henry UEanuttf, 

'~ixth Iwroiwi, nf IlunMvilfln \»oe iinavr 
tt*Evriuxsii,StiL Niciiouh]. Ht^flemkn mw 
Jtukted at Klon and al OliriiL Cburrii, 
>xf6nl |U.A. 1^^), and on lenvinj; Oxfnnl 
jMT«U*d In Pari ufol, Spain, uid I'^Kypt. Iti 
1S3B be uuiBiiid by roysl liarnBt'tliu old 

^hmilj imum of Le Strang«, in addtliou to 
that of SlyleuMD, and in ihe sams year 
■urriod JuDMiaa Joyce EUen, dtuighter of 
Jokn i^vwart of Bolladmm, Inveni«M-«hire. 
In liS3D aUo hn ira» dDcbrml by Ihtt Houu> 
of I>frJ»TOli«irof Ihi- barony of Cnmovi.aJid 
in iKtl colicir to that of llaiitititpi. In 1H7 
ha madv aa tiiiBiiocenful att^mpe lo eulrr 
puiianeut f <r Went Norfolk. Stvliruian II' 
otiMij^ Wat an amHtMirof art ami practidvd 
pkintiti^. Ill 1H.'>3 bo drew a dMieii for the 
daeontioii ni tin- towHr of Ely Cathedral, 
wUeli waa aMr|>t«l in ltt>St, and connplrtrd 
W Urn in 1856. In Jnty It^W lio wa* in> 
wed by llied«an and cbapicr to fpvv a de*i(^ 
Ibr lJk« dcvontMD of ibi- roof of tliu uavu. 
Afl«r two y«*r«' rtqearcli and Aliidv l<e 
3inuiga«aniiBenM<l paint ingihv roof 111*1 '''iS, 
worked no it lof bur yMtn. lu l8iU 
nt invited ioro^p«m» witli Mr, Hut inr^ 
I iko arcbiloci, ill tW dnmratioii of Si. 

k Alban'a, Ilolbora, and nirnt two year* in 
Buliiuf; and compL-tintt tn'? cartnon.i for thin 
work. In Fcbrunr}' ]tiiU2 lie wa* nomiiuli'd 

a uKtmber of llm royal cauuuiMian appointed 
to Hxamine iulo tlie Male of ftvaoo-mintiiiit 
in England. Le Stnng« dii.-d Huddeiily of 
bean di«f«a«> in I.oiidou «» 27 July ItHS, 
and Iran burivdnt lliinilanl>>n. Ileliadonly 
comploied half th* IobrtIi of the nxif in Ely 
('ntlUdral, and hii dmium for St. Alban'*, 
llolboni, on which he liad not conimenoed 
work, w«r» carried out by his ooiisin. Frcdt- 
riek Pr«edy. His ded^^ wwrw ibo fruiis of 
niiicli learned vlaAw and greal ivligrious en- 
ihiwiaxm. II? len ibme eons and three 
datiffhttirB. Of ihn latlor Altce «rai manied 
to Laiircnec< Uliptuint [i).v.] A portrait of 
Lv StrongL- it ni Hunstanton. 

[InfimnutioD from 3it. Bomon Le Strance.] 

L. C 

LE STKANQE. JOHN (rf. tL>e»), lord 
murcLiT, third in duMjent from lloland lu 
Siniui.'e (who occurs aa a wiineee inlll^), 
heldexteiuiv^eMnlee in Sliroii^bire and Nor- 
folk, inoludiiig Kiiokyn in the fonner, and 
llon«riiuInn in the latter rounlv. lie served 
in 1:?I4 nndrr Kina John in I'oitoii.and be- 
tween 1S3S and !i4U wan nicciisinly ap- 
point<^dby Henry lllconatabli^of ihecesllo* 
of MoiitKomc-rv, Shrrwnhury, BridcTiorth, 
■nil t.'hvt'ler. ite tiueul a t'>ii^lifetn defend- 
ing the WeUh boroer esa lonl mareber,and 
duriiiE the rebellion of Simon do MoDtfort 
■toodTot't to th>' i-rown, Onr of hindanghtvni, 
llawiati^ matrii^l lirillin, jirince of I'owye; 
hiiTouoffiT win, Hunion, accompunii-d I'rinco 
Hdwnri.1 'III ilir criinudc of ]270,and in 127J 
marrii-d dl I'vjiriiB Isabello d'ibetin, widow 
of liufih IT, King of Cvpru*. Analh«>r aon, 
l^t1>l■rl. wo* aoiwttor o( tlie Lord* Strange 
of HUekimre. John le Stmnge died in 13W, 
and wo* Micccoded byfaia aon John (tf.l27K), 
who by hii marriaffv with Jcwn do Somen, 
co-hcircsa of Hugh di'Albini.earl of Arundel, 
added muL'b to the inSueuce and wealth of 
his fumily. Hih gra nd sua. John, nix th tian^u 
of Knukyu (•/. 1311), gave in 1310 hia manor 
• if HiiTietenton lo hiit younm' brolbor, fla- 
mou, from whom tlio Norfolk l.e Slrongee 
come in dirvct dvocrnt. 

[Bitoii'i ilislofy of l*hrap«birr. i. MO; C'ai- 
thnw'* nistory of I«iindilcb, t. 110 ; Aaai>« da 
J^futaUtn, il. 449, Pari*, 1843 ; IIi«lori«D« dee 
CroiBa<tM.ii. 442] U. uS, 

folk antiquary, born ul Norwich on 1^ Jan. 
ISdl), iMHHinie a cl«rk in the Matnp office at 
Norwich, and, though much Tied by hU occu- 
pation then), fonnd time to make Tory krgv 
colWtiou* for tlm hi»tnrv of tlw counlv of 
Norfolk and tlic city of N'orwich. He ified, 
at the coniporallvrly i?orly nge of forty-one, 
on 13 Ucl. lt<77, and wan buried in th« 

L' Estrange 


L' Estrange 

Norwiclicwiwlrri-. IK-wniialtncaanoitlhutic. 
Hn luurli.fl, 'III -l .Tiini? li*ii^, Marv Mariii of 
Itocli)]). N'lrl'ultt, Ik- Ivfl siJCcliildrrUitlinM 
of wlioiii liHV.- cilice ilieJ. 

Mfi't pf [,'K-I niiipVs mntiiigcripW puwed 
on liin lif'iitli inlo tli-i e(tll«:tion of liic pivs"iil 
writer. Amone ihncn mny bo nnmod ' A I.i«t 
of Ihc ^"^l;l^mpn nnd AppMntic* of Niirnicli 
{mm Kdwun.1 IV in KJwurd Vl.'rontniniiiff 
taany tlioiiBunU (iniiU's, whicli luis U-tn [iiil]- 
liaheJ siiin- his d-rutli, edili-d by tbi^ writer 
of till* noiic^ (IfSW). Ill- dIwi mad'* vo- 
luiniiiiiiis e\trft«8 frvjin lli.^ caurt linultgof 
iho city of Xorwicli niid Ibn bi^ilt of St. 
Goornr"'* ffuild. niiii trninrribi'd no Ic** tbiio 
four of till! cnrlv cbiiivhwiirdeiis' hooks of 
the cily of Xorwicb. His ronsl. iVieM work, 
LowL'TtT, ii foutid ill liis colli-ct ions from tUt- 
■wilU at tbu Norwich reaisliy. "<"^ bound 
In lour vdluiut-!) fol. : tbvy throw iiiiiiieiigi> 
liehl oci the bittory ot lUt- fubrjc of tlio 
Norfolk diurobM inci the lives of ihoir iiw 
cumb»nti. Ho wu etliinr of Ihn ' Kniirrn 
Counlio* CollcctMvn,' wbiob !in condui'linl 
with •uocnu for twpiiiv-four nnmbi-ni (.Ibuu 
1872 to I)i-e. 1M7.1I. but bi> only imblii.lied 
vroA wna oni- on 'Tbe t'liurcb Bulls of Xor- 
taOt,' Norwii-li, l»7'l. which for erudition, 
abilit}", and ro^carch is ovrtiiitily nneqiialled 
by tiny oilier book on cnmpanologj*. 

[P«rBonFil iuformniioo.) W, B. 

IS^V)!, rolloctor of nnocdoiPB, wiis eldo«t son 
of Sir Il.imon l.'KstrmiRp (IMa-Hiril), and 
waa broliiur of llnninn L'Estrnn^ [<i. v.] rind 
of Sir IttigiT L'EatninH'-' [<|: ''■I •'« wua 

created a buronvt I Jiiik- 1020. Hi« faiher, 
ooooriilii^ to a memornnilum in his biind- 
writiii^ in lb'< miiniitient room nr tliinctnii- 
tcn, putvhnm^d the honour for him for :!0<)/., 
bonidmt pnying in rhnrtroa 100/. Ili' tv^rat 
to hftVH ihnnid thi; royiilinl (i-ntimimin of bin 
family, nnd dyinn ot Jliiiinlanlon, Norfolk, 
on 14 Jiity lUCi), urns buriod them. 

I.'Ivttmu);!! comnilpd ii eurioua t^ullectiaii 
of anei-dutvH, whicli he ■^nt itlt-d ' iM<-rry Pna- 
Mge» and Jesfd.' Tlie insnuoLTipi i^ now in 
tb« Diitinh MiLseiim (llnrt. M!^. HMiWil, nml 
nlthoiinh I-'ICstrnngit diw» not avow himMilf 
ihi- aixihor, hi* identity i» pitobliihiJ by hi" 
mnniiim by niuuL- of vitry mnny inumbcr* of 
bin own or bin wifi>*i fnmiliia ea thu nemuna 
from whom bo derirod Ilia anacdoiea. Stories 
inoTvover which are given on thvauthorityof 
ilie writor's own knowli»d|;o are inmriably 
niHrked with tli« iaitiaU S. X, L., i.e. Sfirl 
N^ichola«] L^Mtruign]. Th« anecdotoc dnol 
irith domMtie, hlMorieal, and hioBrnphical 
topion, but tbo majority am rrfflarUnblv f»r 
Uieir ooBnODCW. Tlivy niuubvr mon; than 

aix hundred ioall: ]4torMia moroduci-ntof 
theni wipfe printed by the Camden Soi'irty ia 
1839, und«r tlie edit ortliipof W.J. Tbonia. in 
the volume entiiled 'AnecdoiM and Tradi- 

L'i'IslrunKttV jiortrait in at [IiioslaaloB 
[(nil. Ho mnrnrd in li^tO .\nno, daiightei' 
iif -Sir Edward lA-wkcnor of LVnJinm, fCuWolk. 
Doni in liHlf, *lii? nurvivrd hrr hiiibnnd until 
15 .Inly ItiiiS, aui) wua moihur of i^iglit vmu 
and three daug1it«ira. 

The «Jd6M ton, Ilamon, became wcond 
hiiivinrit, and died unmarried eight montbs 
after 111* fftthur on 1.') K.-b. IBfiS-R ii^-ed 24, 
IIl> waa succeadi>d iii third baronrrt by his 
ni-\l brother. Nicholav who died on l.'J Doc. 
lliilfl, liuviu;- marriud, firnt, -Mary. ilauf[ht«r 
of .l»hn Coke of Holkham, Norfolk, and ve- 
rondly. Elixal>elh, duugbter of Sir Juatinion 
liham [i[. v.] nf Ijamport. Tli« aeooiid wife 
wan biirind in '\Vi'Hiimin*t«r Abberon tl Aug. 
1(1811 (l.'ilEtiEtt, UVtlmiintiT AIJ^I) tttg.y. 
L'lMI, A»ouNirhola»|of tb^tirit mnrria^) 
bi?^.■a^l.^ fourth boroiic-t <rl. 17rt). and hrlpnd 
tri reliero the diatrt-^scB of hia (.-rand- uncle. 
Sir Roger L'Eairun^'e i'q. v.]. in hia old agp. 
flit refiiaed the outba to William III in 

IdiJil, but was finally punloned {Ltttfr* of 
Jtiimyhrfi] frir/faiu, ('iirad. Soc., pp. 173—1). 
On the dnath of tlin fourth bnTonpl'i' (•Tonfi 

«on, !!*ir Ui'nrr l.'Kitrnngo (sixth baronet), 
on i Si-pt. I'liO, ibr title pBMdd to lEogi-r 
I. 'Ks I range, eon of Udge'ri nixlb iion of thu 
first baronet, who wtn living in reduced cir- 
ciimntancw at Deoolet. Suffolk. Thi<i Sir 
KogcT di«d at. Decclea £1 April I'd, and 
the baronfftev bifcame exiincl. Tli# prw*nt 
fiimily at Ilunatantoii dfaoend from Sir 
Henry'* water Armine, wife of Nichola* 
Sivlemnn of Snettiiliato. 

[Oirthtira Hirt. of Ijiundilch, ». m>-46; 
1iiuinel1<-:d't IliiC. nf Xciffolk. x. ^1*: Thoin*'* 
.\necdulrn aiid Tmdltioni, with noliew of 
l.'KntniiiEo by J. 0. N'iaholi.pp.xi-xxTiii ; Hi«. 
MSS. Comm. llth Ifcp. pt.. vii. pp. 104 ■!, ; in- 
forniaiifji kindly nip(>hi..l by IlniiioD le firangc, 
»r\., of Hiinsianion llall.] S. L. 

L'ESTRANGE. KiH llOGKIt (1816- 
I'lU), tory joiimaliBl nndpainphMoM', bom 
at Hunstanton, Norfolk, on 17 I've. IIJIO, 
wa* *eivind son of Sir Ilamon L'E»lningi> 
nr>8R IHM),I'yhl« wife Alice. daiisbter nnd 
IIWU). Ilia bratlivrx, Xicholu on.l Ilninon, 
are noticed aopanttely. Itogfarwas wvll i-du- 
oaled at hoDi^nnd carl v allowed an nplitiide 
for music. He urabably atndicd for a lime 
at C'nmbndge. Like all thcr menibn-s of hi* 
family he woa an ardent ruvnliat. In HiS& 
ho arcomjinnifid Charlea 1 and bia Krmy to 
Scotland, and from thai instiuit he wrote, 



L* Estrange 

* J oem declined taj btii*nl, inrsil, or ex- ' 
pMw, vUbiti Um compaM of my iiitltiro or 
pow«r, ia rvlbnnc* to my duty tn ibn r>wnl 
nWNtt.* On tlie oultncBk of tbc civil war 
he woa at Ljiin, wtiicli liin Tnl Ivr, tlio loysluit 

E>T«Tiiar, nilmi (v jiRBuni! ui^iiut tW par- 
unvnUriuuf' auftuli. Aft«r ita Ul Kmrer , 
wvDl t(i OKfotd. aikI ' WTTcd in Primw Rii- ' 
pen's iroup.' He aalMeqnentlj remoivil lo 
N«w»rk, and whll« Uwnwa* invited by Nor- 
foUi bwidii to Kllciopt tbii tiH-jkbtuni of Lynn 
(7« . . . CYimMhMi . . . tif tlumltU Apt- 
iMy 1/ lUacr L'£Hray», 18(11. p. J). In 
l&t4 £0 funned * pita nr the purpoM, nnd 
on gviag to Oxrard to «oinniunioat« liia 
Mlieiiia Ic Cbarles I, received a commitaion, 1 
■iigiwd bv Jolin Dif by, ««rt of Brictol, dated 1 
38 Not. I(t(4 (mm l)wliiQg,uDcoarngiiighiin 
to proTMd. lilt wait granted thn appoint- | 
mint of pmrnor in oaM of aueeeM, and . 
h« reccivi^ a pconMO iliat any (9ignt[tiin«nt 
nude by bim with tbi- inbabitanls should be 
duly napivied. But tvro of hi« ccnfede- 1 
HUM. ' a brace of villains by name Lemon | 
nad llafr^r/beirayod tlieplot. L't-Utnn^ | 
WU MiM (Mar Lynn ; ih» royal commi»- , 
•MB «M found on bill pcnon, and be wa« 
wnt, by vay of Cambridge, to Ivmdoo. The 
Howe of Commonj* nmlvnl (lU Dec. Il>tl) 
that b« aluMild be proceMlvd ajraindt accord- 
ing to martial law. Ou SO Dec. be wa« 
hrongbt befof* Ibe ooramissioneni for mart ial 
mibin sitting at Ih* GniUliall 1 Kr Jolui Coi^ 
bet WM prcntdicnt, and on S8 Dec Dr. Milln, 
tho iadgD«dTDcat«, pronounced urnivnoo of 
deatn ; a day waa nxcd for liia cxvcution, 
and he waa naion^ to N«wgat« (KVBH- , 
wonrs, Bi*t. 0>U. v. «H-;>. lit awms 
that he was not snfl<ir«d to speak at tbe 
tiial, but after n<ceivinf (wntence he threv 
a papar omnn^ bin jtid^vs, 'addintr nichnl 
that it va> hit diif<^t-<'.' On 3» Jan. I(U4- 
lOifi a MTtiKcalu <if tbe MatenM wax irad 
in tiie Uouae of Commtmt (CUnMOiu* Jonr- 
)»«/, ir, $1), and a reprievvof fourtevn days' 
vas socm aftwiraids mnted. vrith a vitw to 
» farther hearing of iTie caw. Hu dtoliued 
tbe ofl^T inadebytmipimtanuuusterBiirho ' 
vintod himiBpTiM)n,of apardonif Iwwoiild 
take tbe covtrnant, and dr>w up a wrii^ of. 
pctiiiotu oddnuxcd both to tbi- Uou»c of 
Lord* ootIi<cliT«ly, and to the Kuil of Ewcx, 
■nd many p«<.-ni individually (c(. IM. JUSS, 
a*ns.0tbll«p. SSii, 41i7 nud6,40). No 
•tt«n»t was mesnKhil<^ made either tocany 
o«t thf Miiteiioe or T«jeaae bim, and he r»- 
maioed for mor^i than ikreo years ia ' a dia- 
trruing condition of ■'xprctancy.' I'rinco 
Rvpnt in Ksld to havi! infumifd Ktanx that 
be contemplatul rrprual* if L'I'Iiiranfc wins 
executed (Uoieb, Anaalt, iii. 242). On 

a .\pTil IfUo llie royalist commlwianefs 
of Notcinghamsbire and Lincolnshire called 
Unor^ lord Dijibv's iiit>'ntiii«i lo the harsb 
trvatunnl to wliicb L'Kitning« wa* being 
subji«lL'd, and urg«3 tbut bo •houlil Iht rx* 
chau^-d or bis 'b?Tier utai^*' prucun-d {CaL 
State J^pen, 1011-6, p. iU). In July it 
was stated that he wa^ «uil«Tiiig (ruui a lalul 
and irr»coren)blecon»niiipiion(//vn7iVour- 
i»(r&,Tii..W6-7>. On»tJulyl6«LlJilraoge 
iwuod a broadside called ' llogw l^utTaage 
lo a Gentleman, a Ucmbur of the lloiiou^ 
able House of Commons,* in which bo oot 
forth a stalement of liiscuBrnnduriiiBBuOiei- 
inSS (Lkuon, Cat.'-/ Iir-'nd»iite«,^.'i\A). Ou 
7 April 1047 bu diuuMt-il the same lujiioe iii 
a jnmphlol pnlilleil ' L'Bstrange, lus Ap- 
pM>!.' Iriim Ihi! Court- M art iail to th» Vir- 
Uampiit.' lie waa iitill in N«wgrtl« in th* 
•priDf; of iniK, bill at tkat dote the |[oTemor 
(!unuLvi^dat hJB oicnpf, ri't^rdin;; him as 'one 
iti vrhfnutb<^ren'asnomOTednnK«r'(CLUtB3l- 
DOX. iv. 'XVi). 

L'Eslranfn took refuge in Kent in the 
hou*a of a young landovraer nitmeil John 
IIal*4 of liaUa l'lac«i, Tontordtn, Kent; 
straightway flung hinwelf into a projoctM 
moi'4.'m(.>nt for n myalisl ri.'ing iu the lounty, 
ond ur^i-d Ilslm to plmv hiiuv--ir&l ilslii-ail. 
L'Esltangv traveUeu ibruu^b tbt- tciiiitydc- 
lirering nwechaa'in a style verv much hid 
Dwn,and being not my clear to bo'iiiidertlood 
th«>mom[nrrailedover'liisi([iiot«nt hearcn 

Iib.) HowTOto declantionK on bitbntf of the 
jxia to b(! read in r-hiirrhcB. Hut tbc toyolisl* 
ill London beard of his impi'luous iirocced- 
ings with miw^nring, nod instructed George 
Goriii);,earlof Xurwicb[q.v.~,,tolnliuIla]Mta 

S'lace. L'Eitirango't folloirersmuMenHl only 
nuT liundn'd hoTM and (bot, and he soon 
found it politic to At with llnlee to llotlaod 
(rf. (UUUISIKU, dr'tat Cii-il War, iii. SSSj 
Ci-*Ri:siKiN. Jlrhfllion, IT. 333-6j. Friend 
and faecLimbLtiL'd toiiue«tion his conduct, and 
be publinhej from UulUnd in l<M9 a tract, 
in self-defence, called * L'EtilFsngv, his Vin- 
dication to Kent andllie JuAiificalJon of Kent 
lo the World,' of which he presented a oo^y 
to HTde (ITuntth A/iolaffit, p, A). He lavd 
tho hlamc of the fiasco on the pn'cipitan<nr 
nf his sunpcirtrrs, and on thrir netrU>ct of his 
advice. Wbileabrdnd Uo sermsto haTe hdcn 
employed by Urdi-iulbi'scniceofCliatltall. 
Me wrote later that be had ' reoc^rid many, 
manyh«ne^t« uiidi'r Hyde's roof'f -l/nn'ndi, 
led?, ded.) lie was in Gerinniiv in June 
I6fl3, whon Hyde wmie to him irom Paris 
denying ti^nris of Clinrles's oonremion to 
Koman caihnliclim (ti>/. Clarmdva Stalt 
Dapen, a. •2li\. 
In Au)Tust 1033 L'£«trange returned te 





Engluxl, * ftnii tinding liimeclf within Ibv ' 

net <>f indnmnil y ' Iip gnre notice of hi* nr- ' 
rivul to ihc council of stul.?. (Ii- Wivs ac- j 
I'otitiiiK'y iummoni'ii befort tbu couDtil ou 
T t^'pT. iUJiS, ttnd was Hlrictly i^xaJniiiciL A 
ri'i|U(wt to vinic hia ilyiug fntlii>L' vriLf refiiiied, ; 
' mill tiialtM« bcgioning to louk vonie and i 
wont-,' )ie songlit nnd ob(ftin«ii] Bpomonnl 
inlerviow with Cromwtill 'in tW Coclqiit,' 
Acpording to his own nlorv Cromwoll wna 
conpilintorv luid told him ' Ihnt rigour wna 
not nl nil Uis iiicliniition.' tin 31 Uct. fol- 
louing. iha council rek-aftL'it Lim from fiir- 
tli<>r iiileiidaiioe ii)x<u bis 'giviiit; iti '2,iMM. 
security to appear wli^n lii? tbell be i<tim- 
moiled >o to do, »nd (o act noiliing pritju- 
dicial lo the CominonirMlth/ t.'K£tninE<''d 
(enemies sulKvquenllvttnliHl that ho owed hU 
dischtuyc to n dislnbutjon r.f briiii-? iimnn^- 
the Protector"* attpudBtitB. Niiil ili.ii in ili.— 
orediled hia oldprincijiles liv u-imiHnriy ■■» 
vi^ry friendly tprms with Cromwell and tilth 
Thiirloc, the w^cnitory of the council. He ^ 
replied ihnt nf^nr his return to Knaland he | 
came into ponional relations with (Tromwrll 
only on one DtlK'r occoition thun llinr when 
hu bfggod him lo jiroeiiri' his dicchn^e, 
L'Eatmiige wan an accompli shod musieum, ' 
and during the proteelorute Cromwell, wlieii 

Iiaiiii^' nil ocoideiilHl vi«il ai the liuiuie uf 
lo^iii llingilon [q. v.] ihe organi*!, found 
'lie found IM nlnyinjf,' LnCilrniiKe nrote, 
'and, OB I remoralirr.Milic left l«'( /VuM and 
Xoya/fj/ri'mBni/fd, l6(i',>.p,GU>. I.'Ksl range's 
canfewioii orparricipatioii iu this little eon- 
cert u rwponsible for his laiirr nickname of 
' oncer's flddler.* 

In till' niilumn of IfiSfl L'Estrange wroli- 
uiid publiidied with gntat mpidity a long 
series ft nnonymoin hrondiide* ultncking 
Lambert and Iho lenders of ihe nrmv. He 
anpruved Sir Heorjfe Booth'* risLnft in 
(.*ie*tiin'. and urjfed the eitiient. of Loudon 
to agitate for a new parlianienl, which, he 
cnutioii'ly hinted, wan likoly in lead to a 
rcslorni inn of lliir nirinurehy. The Iitlw of 
some of ibcjo pieeet run : ' Tlii! Daclamtton 
of Ihe fit V to the Men nl WMtniinslcrj' 
' A Free t'u'liiiinsnt nropo^nl bv tin- f'itv 
to the Nation, tf Dec. lC69 : ' ' a' Letter t'o 
ftlutick purporting tocoinu fmrn the Gentle- 
mm of Devon. 28 Jan. I(.ir>li-(i0;' -The 
Oiii«i-u«' Dnclarniion for a Fri.'e I'arliii- 
ment;* iind ' A Word in Sea>on lo Oein'ml 

An Koon u the I^>n|; pnrlinmnnl wa« dii>> 
(wivedflil March ICM 00), l/KstranRi- *poltc 
out openly in favour of mc)aarcliy, und pub- 
li*hed hi« views in ' A NecosMrj- und Na- 
sonnble Caution coneeminK (lie KWtion*.' 

and in 'Treason Arraiened,' ^ April lOfiO, 
an aiiswtT lo ■ I'lain Lnelish,' n tmct ad> 
rociitina the continunaro of Ihe republic. 
Finally, on I'D April appeared Ills 'No Blind 
Otiides,' u v«rv>>currilousaud per»>uul altuck 
on Milton's •liriel'NuteM upon a late Sermon 
titled "Tlie F"e«r of God and the KJng.'hyJ 
Dr. Maltbew Griffith ' (cf. M»mm)s, jitilt-jm,^ 

V. Bi^n-iiii), 

L'lCstrnnffe'a activity received no unInl^- 
diali: rflwara &um the rmtored hinir, and httJ 
openly lamented the leniency of the Aol ■' 
Indemnity. A petition to ihn Iloiisoof Lo 
''^(rsi"E permission, uo'withMiinding t 
act, lo proceed in a court of law agiini 
' lloben Tichbume and oihfrre,' to whom T 
atirihiiicd kin mixfortunos nl Lynn, onpearal 

to liavn bren neglected {Uiit. MSS. ('osnin,! 
7th Iti'p. p.!)ft&). He deplored thistrealmentl 
in a piimpliteC pnnled in June within ■ fuw 
davi^ of CbarleBS return, under the tit le'L'l'V. 
tra'iigehis AdoIob^, with aabort view of eon 
lale rt.mnrlinW'' I'ransactionit leading to f 
Happy Settlement of thpji- Nation*/ He 
lie reprinted all bis reet-nt anonymous I 
sidc^ \Vlirn Jam» Howell iMued io 1601 
his ' Cordial for Cavaliers,' ofTering wb 
cold comfort to the king's disappointed M| 
porters. I/Estrunge rvtiewed his comnlaintd 
IU bis ' Caveat to the Cavaliers' (2nd i-dilT^ 
enlarged 13 Aug. 1661); and to Ilowell't 
retort caJled'Some Sober Inapivlionft'L'Ka- 
trange replied tD'AltloiWt I'len botlifortlie 
Caveat and the Author of ii,' with some very 
■oroidtic notes'uiion Mr. Jamee Howell.' A 
oliarge preferred by Sir John Itirkeiihead in 
lIMIV. ibat L'Kstriiuge had written a book 
agaiust I he king, wa»i probably ba»ed on ihiti 
II)B3.]i. 02). 

With (treater disinterestedne*B L'E*tran|I« 
flunji liimielf into the controveniyrMpectinn 
the seiilemonl of the thuroh. In a long 
serin of pamphleta he aougtit to make the 
* Cinatiqueit ' (ije. the pre<l>ylerian«) and 
their doctrines reepoiwibte for the civil warn 
and ihedeatli of the latir king. Hi* ■ Ili-kp»d 
.Vpostnte, or Notrs upon n I'ttabyleriBn 
rumplilet entitled "A I'eiitiou for IWe"' 
(IBflli, profmied to prove the incu liven iene<> 
of any I'oncession. Hh pursued tbe argu- 
ment in ' Slate Diviuity, or a Supplement to 
ihtf " Itelaps'd ApiiBtate," wherein in Vrv- 
sented the Di*cnT"re of n IV-spmI IWijpi 
againcit tho Kiii^. ^arliamenl, and Public 
I'wtce, or Nnien upon some late I'rwbytMiun 
famphlntK,' Ixiiidon. Il!lll. Tben- followed 
hi* 'Interest minlukeu, or the Holy Cheat, 

t roving from tin- undeniable Practiced and 
'ositions of the I'reHbylerians that the Pe- 
^i[rn of that Parly is to eii'lavo both King 

L' Est range 


L" Est range 

ud I^mibI* obAct tfae HatqiMof R«li^an,' 
dedinlM to Uw tItwM of CoBBoaa, lOttl 
{two «litkiDi),-tlbedit. 1682); llut wm ■ irplf ' 
to cIm ' InUvwt of EogUiMl in Uin Mattor of 
Belicioa,'b]rJaliiiOorbrt (IC-'O UiSO>rq.T.] ' 
AnoUwr fnulifMriu minuter, iCdvrud Bao- 
■Imw ilie yoMBsei [o. tA id bin 'AaiinM' 
TenioM usoa [Dr. Morte^r] <Im^ BuJiofi of 
Worc«H«>ri l^Ur,' 161)1. Iiimt^l wid^ (o 
ra»tigBl#l.*E«mnge, uidKUilM) rumounof | 
bU IrrafliPriu* ccndixl uBdtV tlie Conmoiw 
wr&lth. l.'l'^lruigv sppaaUd to CUrandoB , 
to numincm iinjuituiv Ixlibre tho coinncil to 
pror« tbi! olIi-Katifliu, and pnbli»k«d manj 
tiBcU, full of autubioj^pbic rumiaiBcmcii*, ' 
U eonA)l« ihem. 'To tlie Itiglit Hoaour- I 
•bis Edward. Earl of Clan-iidou, tbp IlumbU 
AftolofT of Roger L'EMraiij^e,' •lalvil 3 Dec | 
1661, appeared early in ibe following yoar. ' 
* A Mi'inetito dirrctcd 10 all tliOM tbat trul^ 
ravorttici! tbf Mrmoiy of Kioff Cbari» tbc 
HartTr, and ■• poiuiotiBtpIv vriuli tlif Uonoar. 
SaCMv.andllapfiiiu'uof hialtujalSiicci-HMr.' 
waadmiicalt<d tuClATi'DJ'jnoii 11 April lOtU: 
a n«w edilioii appivrvJ, niib Otv last tUiw 
cbipcn omiiiKl, in l(\^i aa * A Menipnio 
treating of ibi- Riw, I'to^tvi*, and Hnnimlif* 
of SadttMoi, with mme Historical Kntlnc- 
tiona Mpon oar lair Troubln.' (Jn 7 June 
1M2 apmarvd bin ' Truth and Lcnnlljr Vin- 
dioatMfrom the ltc]>rqadi«« and ClBn>our« 
of Mr. Edward Bashaw,' d«dicat«d to th« 
pnry eouM-il. ' A Whip (or ibe Sclutmatl- 
call .\niinailTprt«r' (>'«'■ "iifnbsw), London, 
Itifl:^, Jio. broiif^t ihiii (.kirniitli to a clot^. 

In KIK.1 L'KMnm^n'x fortunr* improTrd. i 
Iti bi« ' MoiU»t Ilea ' and eliwwiiimt bo ' 
bad aoeribcd Ilic prevaliMici' uf dnn|{en>uH 
OMnieiM 10 Ibi' tiwuiw of lln.- prvia, and on 
» Feb. 1603 be bad ublHined. if tbe doeu- 
BMit b* corrMlly dateit. a warrant to t^se 
M aiditioiu booka end libels, and to aporo- , 
luBd Ibn antlioni. and to brinft ibetn lipfnri' 
Uw counnl < I'fr. ltl6l-2, p. ^f^). On .1 Juno 
lW3b«diiicua*cdcxluuitiTi'l}-tlirpcDUtionof ' 
in ordn to (li« R«f^kTiou of ihi- I'teM, to> 
gT'ili>>r wiib difenv initancm of TrMaoDOtU i 
tbrmif.' TUitv Ki ravagtnt dununciat ion of ili« 
UtM'rtyafllii-pn-uwmndrdirntnJtoOliarWir, ' 
extnuion of tlii- lici-miint acl nf Miiv IfittS. 
Matlcr-prinli-rx. Ii'KnImni^' arRiifi, uliuuld , 
bi^ndaordin numbirr frum ftixlv tu tupiity, 
■ltd all work-bopi ahoulJ be nubjt^nl to tbt^ > 
■tncl««t aupKn'tfliou. 8«vi-rv pirnnltie)>»liimtd ' 
fa« □adoTBiK' vxact^d, and workini; print^n I 
polity oftakmgpirt in ibp publication of oRfrn- > 
■QTe vrorkf ibotild an conrietion wnar »nini> 
igcomiiiMiH bad^. L'KBtmngc warmly con- I 

dumnnl tlx- we«laiMs of tb« Ikeuaet* of (bo 
prMs in pCTsiiitiag ibe imne of tbe Ctrewell 
•mnoos "bf the ^eOfd iainiit«n of 1063. 
(>n 15 Aag. ld(>3 be wat rowaidcd for hia 
vi>bc!m«iK« by bi* appoiatnwnt to tlu> oSc« 
of '•urvojor of tbe UBprimerv,' or priniiiur 
preMW, in HeeeMion to Sir Joiin BJrfcwihead 
(A. 1IM3-4. p. !U0>. All printinfr officM in 
Enf^lond. and vi'tidont of bouka and i)iip«tai 
werr uudifT lii» onit rol.aod he was BullioriMd 
to ester and aearcb ibeir bonaea. He waa 
alao one of the liconaors of tbe pi«M, and bad 
tbo tolo pririlpffa of writin^t printing, and 
publiahinjT anyluine of the cliaiactrr of a 
new<pap«t or public adrvrtijoment. Uin 
prvd««eMur bad iwiied »iiiee 1600 a wreUy 
aheet called ' The Kiogdom'a Int«Jli|;i!tioei,' 
but l/Eatrange dtKoacinijed tlie wmdicii 
and tt«rt«i] on Monday, 31 Avg. 1603. 'Tile 
Inli'lliconcpr, publiahod for the iiatiat'itclioii 
and inlonnation of ibc ponpln.' A civpr of 
thefimlQumboriiiD tbc I'ublic Kivnrd OtUcir 
(A, p. !2flO). It 14 n lingli? iiuaito sheet, and 
itH price uppvan to bavo bwn a liulfprnny 
(cf. nicilOLS. Lit. Aneaiotn.W. fyt~b). The 
flrat iMue wa« chi^flv occupied by ■ pfi^ 
t pectus, in which l.'l^ir«n^o wiot*: 'mj- 
jKwing ih«i proM in onlrr, ib« people in their 
ri^ht wit*, and new* or no iicwa to be the 
qiitstioii, a public mercury should ni?v»r 
have my role, bt-cau«! I lliinh it inakw tbe 
multituiic i'x> familiar with tlie aetioiu and 
counaeI» of tht«r auperiora, too pragmatical 
and cenaorioiu, and jrvm ibem not only a 
wi«fa but a kind of coloiirnUc right and 
lioenae to tho m^dlins with tlin Kovprn- 
ment.' lie only justiKi'd hiit own ex]ieri- 
ment by tbc reflection ibnt tbL- jwoi^le at ibc 
time were disturbi'd in their upiuioiut. and 
reijiiirvtl prudent guidoncv. IVpvs Ijuiiglit a 
coiiv nil tlie da^ of iaaue, and tbou^lii tbni 
I.'l'«trnnjr* ID ado 'but a tnmplo hnginning' 
( Diary, ii. 301. On tlw Tbiiridny foItowinK 
I.'Kitniiiiii- tiubliilied n limiloriihort entitled 
'The News, and III" continued to publiah the 
'In1ulli|;encer' on Moiidayi and the ' News' 
on Tbursdayft till ihe beginning of ItMU. 
I'ep^v» rvlntee how L'Ettrange tousbt Ids ac- 
iiniLintsnce on tlie exchan^ on 17 Not. l(i&4 
in order (I'nnyji wrote) 'to get now and then 
tome nnwn of tne which 1 ■1tall,a*Iae«c«U*(i, 
KJre him' (lA. ii. UI:>|. In tlie couno of ibo 

lord cbatuberlaiii (IT Oct. 106J)),that bewu 
rccciTing only 400/. a year ftma bia n«w»- 
pan.T.nndwao ipi-ndlng ■'iOO/. in ' entertaining 
■pin for infortnalion,' and would be niinedil 
fiirccd to rulinnuiiih the undertnkintr (Oif. 
fitaU I'njifr; Dom. 1005-0, pp. 17, ^0, L»2). 




In Korcmbi-r l(i8ri. wIhmi the court removeJ 
to Oxford Id Mcapo tliu llU^l(^ of Luiiilun, 
Arlington licoand the iwue of a uew perio- 
dioal called ■ Tbe Oxford Oaielt«<.' wliicli np- 

Seitnd bi-w«elily, and wiv* r*prinio<l in Ijoh- 
on. I >'!']« Unii^n, wlio iilnji>d in liondon 
throii(rlioiit til" plngui-, rninly triril to wiili- 
Unnd tliU iuffiiiRiiuifinl of lii« rlKlits by 
chniigiiiH' '!"-• tille of liu 'IntelliilellciT' to 
'Thf f'liblk- Iiiti:lli[.'Mip.'r' |2H Nov.), ulid 

imitiiiiiig iliF form of hi« riv&l ut utl poiiitj. 
But li^ TVHA worsted in tlie etru^le. nml lii« 
jouranl cBMod on 3f .Inn. Ifift'i-e, wlifn ilio 
'Newa'appBarr>dfnrTh(ilnnl timr. TIk^ rivnl 
(TMi-Mnwiiii ponliiiiii'ii on ilic liinir'* n'tuni lo 
till! cnpiliil (1 I'Vli. liJtl'i-OI riH 'Tin.- I.cindnti 
Oiutirllt.'rilld IlL-curaeu Iwniiutimt iiiitilution. 
In Novptnlit-r li)~'i J/knlraii;;K eiiti>uruj;eG, 
if lie did uol pinWi, tin- ]iub1icuiL0ii uf a 
new pmodical called ' Tha City Mercury, or 
Advcrlispments COtiCOTniiie ■|Vmle.' 

l.'lCiilrjiiiBo rifforoinlyjjiiffoniipd thpolhi'f 
dutii-'ii of hill omc«. In Dpiobcr IBi'hl, bckhi 
aflnr a«uniiu)i bin pcui.liL' mudi^ midni^'lii 
niidsoii muny print in^ oIIicl^. In one uwiit^d 
bv Jobn Twyn, in CloMifuir, In- found a. seili- 
tioiw work uutiiled ' A Treatise of tbe Exe- 
cution of Justice' ill proecsg of printing; 
confed TwynV nrrest, and gnvti c-vidonptt at 
IhnlrinI, wWn ibc man was convictod on a 
cnpidil cliarEi^, nnd wii* i^xi^cutod (cf, AYnfp 
Trial; \i. M2 if\.) ilr rrBiilnrlyi-ncoumiwd 
infonnen by money brib™, wliieli bt- paid ul 
lus office, the Oun, in Ivy Lane, la deal- 
ing wilb tiiicli nianu8cripl« as cAinv under 
his tiipen'i»ioii, lie cun'i'idly excised expiM- 
•inn* of npiniim direptly or indiroctly ob- 
noxiouD to till- Kovnrninent or to tht Mlii- 
blisb<-d cburdi. and ol'ti-n modified allueks 
on Kntnaji riilholidyn. IK' is anid (o have 
expuDf^d frusi tbe- iiltnauDcs subtniitr'd to 
him in WM'i all propbeeies of the tirt'Of Lon- 
don of Kiiw; (l*BPY<i, IHary, ill. 50; Waho, 
liiaiy.^.i'-t). In iKTi l/h^HtraDge wascoin- 
pellcil. miirli a^ininsl bin will, to licenii' the 
•ocmid i^diiion of Hiincll's ' licbc-rsal TrniiJi- 
proied,' Till! kinji admired its wit, ollboiiifb 
lis principtus wtTi) not those fiivoiin-d bv 
L"Eelnin^;e, who iutriiducL-d sutni- eliuiipot 
into ibe iiiauuacript. imd afterward- euni- 
plainttt! ibat lliey wen' incurred Iv printed 
!//u/. MS.S. Cmiii. Tib [i.-p. pp, .'i, 17-lti). 
Bonn." corrr'fpond''iicf whicb paund bi-twei-n 
L'Kslrnnce and Jobn Nalaoii [fl. v.], the 
QUlbor of unli-pri'iibyirtimi pamplilci!!, illiiii- 
lrulc« tbo couBirlunliouit eari' w-illi wblch 
L'E«lrun^u read work MibmilTcd to him. 
evirn by *iippuriei^ of bin own views, hk wfll 
nubi* an\ii.'(¥ to 'iiwe-ti-n'Bdvi'riie criticism 
of tbe pnpiicy (cf. Nlriiow, Illn'li-iiti>,iu, 
ir. ^ 70, ^8). In IS7I> he made important 

cbunKes iu UorlMo's ' IIiBiory of tlic Irish 
Itcbell ion .*!)') Bit to avoid impulatioiia on tbe 
memory uf Charles I (see Boblace, Edxvsd, 
and Ui*t. MSS. C\>mm. Slli Rep. pi. lii. p. 
39n; cf. TAt Ui/at Ol-»fn-nlor.l6^; /<■««« 
to J'lieph U'iUtniwoH, Camd. Soc- 1. 41 ; and 
yoter an4 Qnerin, Siil tor. v. 462). Accotd- 
iiif^ to Dunton, L'Kxtritiige was aJwRrs sii«- 
ceptiblo of female iiiliu'-nce, and ' would 
wink at unlicenM-dboukiiif the prinlirr'a wife 
would but entile on biiu' (L'/e (mdErrtn, 
p. i.'6ii). 
l.'ICntrnnp''BolRcia! iliaics tempnrarily im- 

fnircid bis iiclivitv aii a pompblnlor. Out in 
ttDShotiubliibcdun anonrinnusdialogncbt^- 
twitrn J5HiI.Ciiiifomiily,«iidScriiplp,piititltd 
> TolL-ralion UitcuM'd,' London, Jto, wbi-ro 
he fried to tliow thai the diucntcm' ulcu for 
liberty of ootucienoewasa claim for liberty of 
disoriterly practice, and ihat toleration to be 
lnu:icaloiiG:iii tooxiendtaoibertliancbtSstian 
cr'vdt. llecernKtnhavercii^iicd atthe rame 
j time! mitlrr bit own oamc 'I*m*bjtrrj- 1H»- 
j play'd,' a tract prnriounij? nubliahi^ anony- 
I muunly. In Iti74 be piibluhcd a aL-nuble and 
I iioii-controverBial ' UiBCoumeof the Kiabery,' 
I LoiiduQ, 41o> in which bi- urged the govern- 
I men! 1o encoiira|;e and orminise the pumila 
and showed the value, of nerrmg, cod, and 
ling. In 1679 he srt In work to nieot the 
iitiiicks of Khaftosbury mid hi* friends on 
[.'barles 1 1 and his Bovi!niaicnt. The cry for 
ihe exclu»ion of the Dukn of Vork from the 
*uectwioii he d^uoimced in ' The Case Put,' 
1UT9 (three editions). In au auonyuoua' An- 
swer to the Appeal from the Countrv to the 
t'iiy,* l(i;fl, by Charks Klount (I8rti-1698> 
[i|.v.], hi! aitackridihe'addrefMirs'whowOT* 
|»!titioninK t lie kinjr to summnnancwparlii- 
incnt. In Ibe ' rr<N~lHirii Suliji-cl. or llie 
, Kntfliflinian'ri Birthright agniiut all tyron- 
j nical Unurpalioii eitb<!r in Church or Stale,* 
I l^ndon, ll!7!t, anon., be urf[ed the guvem- 
' moiil to cnppr^M morie rig.*rou«ly public 
avowal* of cli'c in lent. To .Xn'lrew MoneU'e 
'.^ccniint of iho (Jrowib of I'oporTi' and ar^ 
biinirv 1 1 ov eminent,' he replied in 'The 
rurald-l, or an .\rrouni of ihr (iMwtb of 
KnnvL-ry under Ibe pn-lext of iubitr»v 
Governnicnl and I'operv' (London, ItlTs, 
anon,, n>-iv edit, IC^l, wilb author'a name). 
Here lie eomiiareil the policy of the coiilem- 
porary whig lenilers with thai of the [larlia- 
mentiiry IciidrrK in I6J1 — a comparison which 
hepomi! a fiivoiirili! cry with the toriM. Two 
other of bin pamphb-ln, entitled '(litt H»d 
Itumpkiu,' pUTlB 1. and ii., 16fM], i!xpro*Md 
(viuiilar aenliments, and were parodied in a 
scurrilous broadside imlit1t!d 'Crack upon 

Crack, or Cmcif Whipt with hia own 

Kod.' L*ICst range's energetic support met 

L" Estrange 


L" Estrange 

withfamo-alcawT. ta Mudi ItKO bewu 
Dwie « jaMin of lb ptacw fcr Hid^kaez , Mil 
Ih nfJmi WEKtlT • gift of lOU (Stent 


AkunridI* L^BMnng* vm wfcjtrtliiy tn 
WT MWihi^ ailiciiK all tba erU^BM 
ai m teti in tts tnr-eiMit> i» ntare tb« ex- 
b l — of K * Ppfiili Plot,' nMl ha Mfite to 
■mbnto the Oans of boMinai agaiiiM th« 

, BnaiB rrtholimatdud ttj the nnMer of Sir 

' ^te«md Beny Gott«7 iM October 1A<B. s»>l 
WTituiOMM**sllic«lKV«blM*M. In lb* 
• tlltiorrof thi Pk>t^(1880, Col.), b* mrttfy 
xwpatt^ kt knftli tin trial* of Mtvntna 
■rwow eonrietod of mntiJintr. but in * A 
nrtliPr KKorerr of tbe rlol,'dodwmt«d to 
Iir. Titos tMin ''( iceux he fredf eipinwJ 
■lu QpioioD ( hat <!lal(ii aod bis witnaoagi w«re 
oawortliT uf bvlirf. Id ■ A LMt«r to MiIm 
I^mara' li'K*ti»n^ wcribtJ Godhvj** draih 
to •incUff.uid tha i^Minony of IVkmv.sbidi 
bad w cMwd tlus conrktion of thnv nw^ tor 
the allpcwd tnudrr of Oodttrv, viti, Im in- 
•nted, moIIt Ul>e. IhOes't tneoda wen nt 
fint tOBi*»a io counteract L'Est nnre'i Mric^ 
ton* br iaMu)£ a pompfatM eall«d ' Discovety 
Oft INMorerjr, iu Defetire of Titns Oatei;' 
but iadinc' lilt* eape'lieiit imftvailinp, tli»y 
took K baidm strf. A fonnc "»" naaiod 
BtBiMB Ton^, Mm of Ea«Tvl Tcauio [if. v.l * 

I friead of Ou«», u»d avtliar of ' Jp«uit> A»- 
MM,' 1080, wd of otlwT works in buhalf or 

k charge of bario): p«b1>e^ cxpreaMd doubu 
of Onlnt'*gooil faiili. Inonlerto eoollijyhis 

[ yconi uinro, T'uign n>aiJilv agrwl, U Oat««*« 
nunrmifln, to tn-ntr falu'l<r tliat l.'Kttrangt- 
had frirrn bim oav hiindivd ^inmw to dn* 
Ikciip (>BtM and bufricitdii (cf. Tie .Varntfjon 
«rJ. >ir27.^r<i/if,16t»,fD).) PranccMidbi* 
fiimds backnl up Tonn's cbarpw tij filing 
UkI lui'lniit^Iiiiip^dat lli^Qiir^n'sChajxIin 
6oa«nH't Ilou>«in Juno |(>77. Accnrdindy, 
n October l.'l{«traiijn) wn* eummoned btf- 
bfo tbo council. Tnn)tr ■lnii4.)[avs«'vid«nco. 
llo abowcd ibat I.'Ksi nmi^- had loancprevioua 
aequititaiicv wiili liin. i,'E>iirani^ bad rr- 

^tami to licmMabook ciJImI 'T1i« Kojral 

-'X^Hyr' by Tone's fatlm (Tie SJtammer 
HAnmm-'^, and lit" voiinjc mia bad wupbt 
iin inlirmrw iritli him n« a juatica of the 
ptAon io onW to ■n-f:«r n drpoMljOD apiinM 

^ (Kile*. Iiul L'EttninKL' bad ibownrcliietancfi 
Io Iak<i T<>n^>'> lenliniotir. Itot Tomftd'* ili- 
rectlv incriminBlioK i:vidi-Q<« WM M con- 
ftiW. ami tli« king was »|)Ort«d t<i1iavi-* I'X- 
pTHtseil liitn»>'lf to Mrongly in L'B>tniiifr<?'ii 

; M*our. Ihal bo Iran at once acmiilled [I.n- 

I THtX, i. 67), Tbn urate of public opinion, 

ba«ar#r,rf«dM«dlua posit ion (kBM*niB.*nd 
in NottoUiar Iw Sad tbo «mbUt ( jfwf. JfSS. 
tbMM.I) ii-Mt. IttT-Mt). Tbo 
nrvnmaMt, bowiag to tM •um.MvBMto 
laT«iwov«d bis Mm lb* eoHUMananof tb» 
MM^ Befen fcarinf EbcImmI bo rap&ad Io 
liM accWMn in n fMBfUvl. ' L'K»(rui|tii>V 
caw !■ ■ Civil Dialo|[«e bplwUl /xiku'l and 
Epfaraim ; ' and in ' A clMrt Auaw«r to ■ 
wtnle Liltpr of Lib«IlMs,' cbieriv ainiod at 
Kdniund llick^'ringill 'q. v." A urcastio 
■ U-ttir out of ^>otlau(1 from Mr. R, I- S>' 
(10 Jan. lOKO-l ), rnpnwpntml ibal bobad «•- 
oaped to that ' cold eounli^,* and waa iNtniiy 
(be bafrpip» 1 but hp nmn naado lii« way to 
the Ilajfue. ^^'hile in Unlland b* pinlod 
a Ifttrr addrent-d to Krn (1 Feb. lOHI^t), 
cbaptain lotlip IVinci-Ki Mary otOrtDfit, in 
wbtcb be announced hia istentioo of iiiluag 
tbe HCTUBeBt at Ken*a bandi tbe nnt day, 
aad a poatMript added that be fulflUrd lus 

On 17 Not. 1880 bowaa bant in i>Blay 
by the Londoa nob, wbo gar^ lum t)ii> 
•ofcriquH of 'tbe Dug Towmt.' s|<curently 
in rrt-erraev to repoHa of VEttOxagot iMomo- 
raliliee. In ' Tbe SoImmb Uook PtoMaum 
aftbePoj^CardinalKlNiiil*. . . 17 Nov. 
168C^' ba u dapcl4<d in a wwidcut a» a dog 
lioldins a riolin and bciir, niid tbo fifW* ia 
labellMk 'Old Nol* FtdW; In 'SinnnV 
Caw rtranjnil* allcrod '( lUl.-d October 1680), 
be is ailBi&lly rvpRenitt-il ; ami in an ep> 
pended nwck ' IIuo aMl Vrr ' it ia natd of him, 
'He bat a thouaand d(%' tiickti, vii., to fpi^ 
fof tbe Papiala, carrr for tlit^ l*rol<^ian(N, 
vrhino In ifw Kiii^, dance to Noll'* Mddle, 
fnwn on the roiirtinr, Ifap at their cru«t», 
«»{; hi* toil at all bitrfai->, hunt counter to 
tliv Iiul, (onffurpnd tlin PviiU-iici*. and cring 
to the crucilix, tiul aboti- nil ibi* lia hac t 
damn'il old trick of aliiniiirf; the liaItor'((£^ 
MMT rfMiMUc bftuffn lltrafiitnt anil Tmretr, 
leei P; ^.V™- r,„r'r G^t /w Tofrifr. 108S: 
TTtr Tiutfttrrrr* . . .a dtatogmi Mtertn T'tty, 
Totrtrr, and Trnttiert, 1681 ; Tbwwr'* A'tnn 
la Ihe SrnhUn, IflSl j end IHaloijur irpon 
Ifialegiir, or l.'ICitratnif tio JWi'jf woc /mkiV, 
hvt tkf it->g TuiTirr, IIWI 1. Tile a{>]iFlUlinn 
of ■ the dou Towicr ' wan long mDcmborDd. 
IV'fiie, writing in I7U3. complaioeil ihal a 
)>ortriiic preftxed to n jiimted I'dition of hiK 
worku no more rewniliti'il him tliiiii 'ilie dog 
Towmr' nrncmhled L'Khtroii^>'. I>n ^'1 Kob. 
ICHO-I apprarcd in tlic form of n ofWipanar 
what puqiorird to b*- ihe flrnl luimliri of n 
utri 1x1 lent, called ' New* from tin- I^nd of 
Chivulry, contaiiiiti); e. Ilenuni and d*l«;t- 
nlile lli»t'iry,und tliT< wonderful and ntrango 
AdT«qituTMaf Don Komrrode Stnmmnianto, 
Ki.orUM&iueakiiigFiddlnUek.' T««iitT> 



L' Estrange 


four numbers vtrv Bnnouncci) if the venluro ' 
met with public apjiro^'&l, but only ihriv . 

In P'sbniory JBSl l.'Bjtroiige relumwl lo 
l^ndon lo fnci? thi' Morm of abuse. ' Por- 
tmietiiri! of ItoHiir Ij'lliiirnnjic, ilmwn to llio 
Lift- U.1 it wiu tiiki-ii ill llic QiU'i'n'n C'linpn!," 
Loudon, UWI, rol.,uii(!'L'K!rtriiiiK«urn|)i»t,' | 
Xxinduli, 16S1, ful., cullt't'lcd tliu (lujiiiMliuns 
of Miles Prance. Ijinivn.* Muwbruv. uiid 
their nit ii**. I.'I'JTrnnL'o aiwni'ivd llu-in in 
' Ty'lCntrfingi" no l'n|iifll, when' lie ciwiijil nine'! | 
thnl tim ' whole- ln-nncl of libtrllor* wna imw ' 
Idt looBc ujion bim in if hnwnri- IoIh" Ix'iitpn 
Ifl di'ulb by r*oU'-l'Btii," A mont chibumtt; 
dcfftioi- liL' cniitttMl ■ L'EitrntiDii bin Appeal 
humbly 9u1>ciil)e(l lo lb<^ Kint; n iun!i|, Exeel- 
lent Slnjedly, untl the t liri'u EttaleA ii»i'iubled 
ill I'nrbivmeril.' Aboiii tbi? Mime ri[iiT<Toiige 
ConleMcd (hn ftiliiTv of Ilia nccuwition, nnd 
I.'Kalniniro iwiiRd * Tlu' Hhiiuimer Sbiinini'd, 
or A iiluin Diwnvery undM' yoiiiijr Tunitir* 
own JLmd.of 11 Ilimiffn lotrnjtnn I.'Kulrnncf 
into n preloiiiW Subomntiiia nRuinit llie 
Popisli riot," lUf^l. It wiiB ri'portLicI ill June 
16hI that thegrnduateaof Camliridge Tnlver- 
«ity collected 200/. to present lo L'Eeiraiiue ^ 
H« iin iicknowWpnieni of his sorvic"* to ilio 
church of ICngknd (l.t'TTitltLI., i. OH). On ' 
Koiiir Suiidny, 1(1 April Ifltii^, l.'1-jiintu^ j 
itnd l'i''in<!ci both liiolt. nccardintc lo l.utircU i 
(i, 17t»t, llie iint'niun--ni m tbi- church of Si. 
Oile«-in-lhe-Fiifld»i nht-n I'ritncu noleninty 
FBitiririncd hi^ cbur^«< ihHt l/l!!t<lruii);e liu'l 
attpndiiil iniisa, nml I.TAtrmigt" wilh cjunl ' 
ontciiinity dfcliiri-d lli^ nrcunnl.ion fnlte. A < 
ofSbaqifi.thL' n-olorof Si. (iiWs.rtipresenls I 
L'fistniinju. I'ruiicu. und Kichnrd Itnxtor ils 
approach in^: the commiinioii Inblu lot^clhcr. 
In July l<>S^ I.'I'^sInitii^i.' wus i^gniu placed 
on the com 111 is* km of ihe peace l^LfTniin,T,, 
i. lJW). 

Mrnnwhilp L*l->trnn^ conliniiod with 
utinbiilcd bittnmcM hit nitnck* on Ihn din- 
nuttturs. 'The <'iuiii*i I'liriii'd, in ii I)in- 
loRue betwixl lEichnrd nnd Bnxirr, with a 
Moderator between ibeni fcirfjuii'tiipss'Buke' 
(Loiidoii, 1G80, 4to, t«'u editions) it u siuart 
Muult on DaKt^r's pudilion. Therp followed 
* A Saafwnabte Memorial in »oni* Ilislorioil 
Notoi upon thi>>i>rtini of Ihn 1'kmp and 
Pulpil.'lOtW; 'Till- Ilnfomintioii Itafnrmad; 
or K »liorl Histon- of Xcw-fiubioncd (!hriii- 
tivia, occowonodW Fniui:l( Hmiili'* VeMnr- 
day's Paparof Vi)t'™"(l'Sept. 11381); 'The 
Pi»Beri(i;r»' SayirsTi in Iterjuital for " I.'Ea- 
irarpii'* .'^nvin[;»"J|tUe title of h tract aKsinst 
I/KsiranKcl, piililwhi/d in their owii Words 
for the Information of ihe Pnopli*' (lilfil, 
three i.-ditiuni). In the liut inict ]/l'>lrango 

collected passages which he deemed sedilioua 
from the writings of well-known noiioou- 
fomiisU; il ira* answered in'The Ast^ntera 
Sayings bv an Indiflereni Iland'(1681),aiul 
Ti-ii» iruiialiii'^d into Irench aj> ' l/n Htm Oon- 
fonniuli! Anelois dans seii ccrii. daniRncacn- 
timenBeldftufisnpraiiqiiL-.'ljmdon. 1683,4(0. 
In 'A \Vonl coiieernmsc Libi-U and Liliellen, 
presented toSirJohnMoore, Lord MByor.aud 
theCourt of AMeniiCD'( I<>Cl I, be complained 
of ihe stndl iiuraber of proseoul ions begun 
iieninut his whig enemies in the pKM, and 
he rcpcBlrd this comnhiinl when snrcMticolly 
di'dicatinir ii wcnnd pan of his' Di^ncntnr*' 
SnyinRi' to iho (friind jury if l.<ond(in, 
L'd'Aug. lUbl. lie alau i»iied tflt<T in the 
year '.-\n .^o>:iIog;y for the I'roletilants, being 
u full Justincation uf their deputure frum 
the Cliiiivli of Rome, with fair and Practie- 
iihlo I'ropoinis for a Itciinion. dono oui nf 
tli<! Fri^iicli.' .\t lhi> same tinii^ he defended 
Juntm^dukeof York, oncomorDln'TboCha- 
rucLer of a I'npitt in iMn*querad«, supported 
by aulLority nud cjtu-rieTiee in answer lo 
Ibe Character of a Pop in h successor.' An 
atiftwer elicited from L'EbI range 'A lleuly lo 
tiie .Second Port of the Cliaraet-.T of a Popish 
successor,* li^l. Il>i llkewiie sut>|iorI«d 
Ihn govcrnaiont in ' Nolps upon Stephon 
Colli^ (tniiindi^cl principally upon hi.i own 
DecliMntioni nnd Cimfi-wionn ' ilBSl. two 
editions); and in *Tlie Aceompl CleaT'd: an 
an^Ti'er lo a libel inlitidrd A True Account 
froiii Cliiclieeler eunoeruiiifr the Death of 
Ilaliin ihi" Informer,' Loiub'n, I'M. 

But I.'ICsl range sixighl a niori' olToctire 
vt'hicli- for ihn ncpn-uioii of hii> vien-j. (In 
seems lo have U-en concerned in a weekly 
^beel publi^llud Crom I'ebriuin* 1IU<1 to Au- 
KiiHl liiS:;, t-ulitled ' llemclituH Itiduns, or a 
Discourse helneen Jeul and I'lariiesI, when# 
many s true word i* pleaMiiiily spoken in 
opposition to Libeller* againM ibe Govern- 
ment.' But ho soon began tbi- publication of 
n periodical nil of his own workniiinthip. It 
wu« ft folio double-col 11 tnnwl sh(»t, and wua 
called ul Hrsl ' Thn llbm-rvatfir. in tjui-alton 
and Answer.' The lirit niiniber appeared on 
Wednetilay, IS April UIM. and it was ori- 
sinnlty designed to appenr twice n week, on 
Wednesdays end Sal I mUys. BniRfterNo.SO 
(fi July 1681), when llie lirln wai changed 
to *Tlus ObsMTBtor in Diolojiiie," and the 
Inieriocuiorii were named Whig and Tory, 
threu or four numbers unuiilly uppL-nre<loach 
week. No. ll.'l, only March ItlM-L', bore as 
its sole heading ' The Obsenator," logellier 
with a lisi in small type of the subjf<ct« 
treated ill tlio shod. The first series etidfld 
on Wcdnimday, .Ian. l(i«(-t,with No. 470. 
In the second scricj, begun on Thursday, 

L' Est range 


L' Est range 


10 Jbb. l(V^-t, tbi' iiiurloctiton wen> r«- ' 
namnlObamatorntiOTrimin^. TliU ■«ri<^ii 
Midcd on SatiinliT. 7 Kob. Idfrt-A, witli No. 
StJh Thv (liinlaDc) Iiut i«TH3i,beffinniuKi>ii ' 
WtdnMrtiiv. 11 tVb.1&44-&,efidcdwttb Nu, ' 
£46 on Wwtiira(U.r, 9 Maidi 16W-7. Eacb | 
acrioi on it* ooapletiaa yna rt-iiisu«<) sepa- | 
ntdr ia toIuih form iriili iiidv.\i«, tnaui . 
thr third volume (Loudon, Itt^T ) vrits pn^- | 
fi»wl ' A bri*f HiMory of the Tinie*,* i!«li- 
oateil t« (lOMvhiy, in which OnI» nnd hi* 
plot were finally rxporvd. 

Is thjo pTio^cal L'ISMruwo duttlt un- 
nMringlT vilh iliMenlan uid wbigH. In i 
Nahnm Tatr'a eoathbution to'AbMlou and I 
Adutophol,' p«. ii. (pnblislwd in NovMnbor | 
leeH), L'Eatnnge, nvitcr the lume of Sh^vn, 
m* extravagantly praiaed for hi» Inynl kphI 
in inwlins in bis pap*r tha attacks »n xha 
gOTcrasieat of ' faclioiw pricat* and Hnlitiouii 

* He wiih watchful ty* 
Obanraa and shooi* their trraioiu an tb«y fly. 
Tbpir n*kly fmiuU hi* boen npli«a deton. | 
H( imlK^tm ni')(* (ant than lhajr laftct.' 

Parodicfon thrnnriodionl abotiudcid. On« 
wasontitlrd'Thf L>val llbwrrator; or His- 
COiioal Mvnioini vt tfiu Lifu and Actions of 
Koccr the Fiddler, alias The Olivrvatur,' in 
duloffue Wtv'evii Ralph aud Nubtu |l«n- 
don,16>-3. -Iia; n-priiit'>d in 'HarlMaii Mis- 
cellany,' vi.iil-4,l"'l''H. Anolhnr broad dioat 
wascallnd 'Thrdynnt whipped liy liiHGod- 
notbor, ID a loviii^ Kpiitlc wmtiT to iIip most 
notorioaa ObserrsloT, lloiui«UT L'Kttmngc.' 
A third, an ««uv is BatwUiaian buuotir, 
with a teit from Pantaffrud, waa called ' A 
Sermun pn-^nn-d Id l<« Pr«*clied al the To- 
Wnneni of th« IVnowned nb»en'at"r, uiih 
■OBIA fMDBfqaM on hii Lifn by th<i VUiiKivnd 
T or y nif j f i1niii n i w |ilntiihiiin[iiiniViiiiii1ri [i ni \i; 
to whicn in aoMxcd an Klctry and MpiinpU 

Sth« tCoK-«Uy-|po«t and ot£i.-r prtmu Wiia 
tbe Agtf' iMdon, Wi'i. In b movie ppti- 
tioB ' ot the it»j*i diMeiiien to bis iDaie«tr ' 
tn^eand all tbat vriio f"T KioL', t.«w,And 
Oovenmt«it,'<bo«ikl be ban^ ( Lnuuir, Cat. 

Tbe declinii^ popularity of the whig* led 
to no abalmMnt in the foiy ot the * 01>> 
■crtaior's' blown. lit the autumn «f 168.'t 
L'Eairanee defeudtid the ftovmiueut's alti- 
tude to the Itye lloiue ^ot in ' ('on*iilera- 
tioaiupoiiapm>t«dali(«tentitl(id tlivSpeecli 
tt tlwlato iMvd KutMll to tlip Sheriffs, to- 
mtbsr with tbc ("apPT delivered by bim to 
Oipm at Ibc V\%rr of Kircnti'wi on July the 
Sim, m»3;lj«idoo,4(')(rf,//H/..W.S.S',('owini. 
7th Kep- p. :«1->A). On I'l Ktb. lii-*:5-l Titiu 
OaMpetitioned the priTy council toprovuut 

I.'Ktlmnfcn from conliniiiiis bm ilia^'kson 
bim in hi> period ii:jil. !tnl Oaliu woii noir to 
b« finally dincrelitcd. On LiOJiine 1081 in- 
EciniULliou* involviiis; bim in x^riuun oltimcea 
wur« laid butoK Ltiilranite {LtrrraEU., I, 
311), aud next year lurwaa convicted of per- 
jury, largely owiucto 1/ Est range's activity. 
On no Jan. 16&t-^, i;i-l»Tango wrote to » 
rHond.tbttConritaaaof Ynrmoulh: 'ThepraM 
of Untfs's bitsinass lyiuff wbolly upon ny 
band tnlciis up every momi-nt nf my time in 
•rtoe reipoatarotber.wlint nilliulicndnneua 
nnd infcnnatiomi' (Jlitt Mas. C-jinyn. "ih 
Kep. p. «tl). 

On tb«i death, in January ins^j.of William 
Jenhyn [q. t.J, the diuentins minister, in 
Nowgate. I.'tStmn^ r«^li«d^ in the ' Ob- 
^'rvnt<:rr'(ltf-;il .Inn.) to ctpr«NUoD« of popu- 
lar lyiiipolby with tbo old man*i ■ufTerini):*, 
by dcnoiincmft him as u blnsphemoiiii im- 
puslor who hud received a tifrbl-.-iiiin puninh- 
mcnt. He vowed to viage war ou all mock 
»iunt« and martyrf, whether dead or ulivi'. 
Tlie aava^iy of hi* polnmin was approved 
by the clsrgT, who bolievtd in his reiterated 
cry of tho '^UKb in dan^Qr,' nnd according 
toBunwit he rec«TedfKiquent^(t><ir money 
from ihem or tbdr pntronH. The ' minor 
cltriiy 'nt tbiipi'riod in duidlo bare thronged 
Sam's cuflee-buuH! iu ordeir to LiMen to 
L'Eatraiwe, who mt amoo^; tb-m ' prating ' 
to them Mikn a grave doctor '(SIkTc fWin*, 
it. 193), But aom>) uiber-iiiindtHl critics i>till 
believed tbnt hi* action va» promplnd by bi« 
lnaninir>Io llomo. A 'new btllad witii tfau 
definition of tlio word Tory ' (1682) called 
bim 'The KucIiabBellnrmiiie.'andon'ilay 
ItiST), wbeo tbo yrlugn had been temporarily 
routed, Efi'lvn vrrote of bis policy iu iliJa 
' Obscrrnior :"* * Under pretence to serve the 
church of ICniitnnd be (rave suspicion of 
(^lifying nnotbnr pnrly hv r n vnm I palMignB 
whidi nitliFT kept up aiiLmoiiitiee than ap> 
penicd ibem,e!i|MKTiii]ly now that fMbodygav* 
iheUestoccaaion' (/>ia/v. ii- ■HB>- lu 'The 
Obsprrat'lr Pefendod ' (IwUi) 1,'EBlnLtigi' ap- 

Cled to bis di'icesan, Hi-iu}' C'ompton, 
lop of Londiiii. to |ir'>ivci him from eueh 
calumny (cf. IUxxr, Hm(. ir. 2«7-8), 

Jamca II mnenxuly acknowledged 
L'KMnnm'a tarvicw. On IA Maidi l6»l-& ' 
hit WBs Hcctcd M.l*. for WinchentiTr, and 
Biihop Ken siattj in a privnt'- Wier thui tho 
election wan in nccordiuici< viih the kinif'* 
wish (ffirf. MSS, Qmm. 1 1th Rep, pt. v. 
p. 123). On 80 April 1Ub:> L'Estrangs wa« 
kuigbied (l.irrnifii.L. i. .^0). On 21 May a , 
WRrniQt woR issued directing him to on(brc» , 
stririly the regolacions concerning treaaon- ' 
able and acditiouit and MBitdaloiw publico 
tiona (Jlut, MSS. Comm. Ttb Itep. p. JOO a). 


and nunollT rvport«d l)iitt li-? whh Io b? made 
a paar{0. p. JOEi A>. In Juue IbXJ he was 
teat bjr ilie kinn t« Scotlacil, aiul lod^J at 
Holyrood, to aid hv his peii in tli« attempt lo 
fbroe ou thp Smtluti iiar1inin''iil a mpcnl nf 
tlwTetlAcM. Bill I.'K»tronj(i>vrn«iiofriond 
to llinpriiirlpkiiniftciloratinii involved in tbc 
PM:laraii(in nf [ndaliKiice of \0S7. In tile 
latest «iTio« of Uis ' Ol)«wvaiot' (iii. 1") ha 
wm Dtill ATgiUDi; lliat libc-rtr of coiisni^nco 
was ' a Mndox a^iut Law, lt«a»on, Naturr, 
and Bdi^u,' and the diTergwnco botwonn 
Ilia litfwo nnil TlinH of tho eoviTntntint led tn 
acewn)ioii-ifliiEpnriodicaliii Mnivh lUSr. It 
ma ri^iKirtod tlint he received mi order fniiu 
t.Uo (toTi-mnimi proliiliiliiig i[j furtlier pub- 
Itcntion (LtriKEi.L, i. *.':;-C). A vigorous 
aatirc in vi-ntu caltud ' The Obwrrator ' riili- 
cuIikI |j'E»lniH]iw*8 awkward iMwition (filali^ 
FutJiu, ii. !W-:ii, fiiir l.'Kiirninge found n 
COD^oial ta^ll in nupimrting the WinB's crlaim 
to the dispcinKing pnivrr, nnd let ^rth lun 
opinion* on ihni aubji-ct in un'Aniwvrlo 
> \jV\Xf!t to A Diriii-ntvr iipo[i oaeiuion of His 
Mnjeit^'' bite (frucioiis Declitintbaof luiliil- 
pnw,' U1H7 ; ilic' I^'II-t' Mucuiilay iLMivna 
to lliiliiiix. In lOtiS L'R'trBnBTi rpcciind n 
grant of 1 13/. rwra tlio king in con«i(Ionition 
of hi* servioM {Se*r«t Seruifm, Camd. Hoc, 
p. 2(«>. 

LT^trnniri^ wn« nnlumlly no friend to ibe 
Revolution. Ili-wns deprived of bis offife of 
liconwT, and for hU iivowed bostilily lo llii* 
PrinceorUmnfrebe wnacoiainltted lo prison 
le Dbc. 10*>H (N'ichoi*. Lit. Anted, i. Vja). 
In A tratt by Tom llrnwn. • ll^nirlitint Hidi-ns 
K«<liviTUB,ora Dinloguo between Ilnrry and 
Rog^ concerning fhn Time*' (IBSS). br wu» 
rcpri'simtfiil nH cohfnuinff to Iii* pamplileteei^ 
ing rivni. I lean- Caro [q, v.], a eonie of re- 
mor*i- for bin awaultd on tbo dlwentera (ct. 
Tow ItaoW-f, ft'<ir>a, v. 118), Queen Mnry 
!■ *aid to have eKtrnoteil th« acTO*tic ' Lye, 
SlronsD ItOBVr.'oiil of bi" nnnm. In Man^b 
leoi lie wa* again tiiki-n into curtody, but 
WM soon r«iWwd in bail ( LfTTIiEtJ., ii. 189), 
and althoUKb be appi-nn-d beforu tlie court of 
kinic'a beneh puminnt (o hia twof^iaances oo 
13 April 1601, I10 furiber proowding* seem 
tc hare been tak«n <iik ii. 317). In .\pn1 
1892 an apoplectic fit nearly proved fuinl 
(i%. !i. 414). Nino viuira Imfore be bad bad 
»8iinilarattack(».i.3W). lu Julv 1693 be 
wTol'T to hU (rrand-nirphew, Sir Kicbulas of 
IIiinBlnnlon, Ihnt bu una suifL'ring iniii^h 
from goul, and btfifft'd for ' a pot <•( ^••n<HTre 
of bipa' as u retui^dv (Ni'l. -IMS. f.Wni. 
Ilth l^*p. pt. vii. p. Ill), Hut bo wa* HI Hi - 
ciently r<iwver-d lo l>» aufpoctfld of coai- 
plioityin Fenwick's plot of 1896. II« wm 
iiTTestod ou 3 aiatch l6(l.>-6 (i&. ir. 21). and 

i Strange 

\na ootninittod to XBirgatc. On IDMnn;]) 
ho wrote to hii ^mnd-nepliew aoUmnly 6^^ 
oUrini; that he ivoh "clear of (^<itit riving, 
fotnenllng, or bcinjf privy in any poinl of tlio 

^llot now ia aeitaTion' {ib. ul. vii. p. I13)J 
fe was removwl to the MarwIialMa, and wot^ 
rclnued in May IfiOC. 

L'lCtlmngfii bad many doni ratio dillicultiMi. 
Hi* witc gamMed; hu hnd nlwaya tiiSi-rod 

Cucuiiiary difllcuUifs, Hi* ipTiiid-n'-plieiT, 
e adinits, did bim 'mnuy rliurilnbl<i olUwi,' 
and be reooivt'd fr^qitfiil pn<v.Titi fn)tn ad- 
iniren personally III) kuowntubiui iuacknow- 
ledgtnentof hispub]ic»erricp«(cf. A. p. 1L1), | 
Popn> inieer in a Icltnr to Swift, that tha 
tory party * nov«r gave him »ispmoe to konp 
hini from ilarvinjr,' doi-* not •netn wholly 
jualiliuble (IVipB, HV**, ed. Ivlwin and 
Cuuribope. vii. S}, But bri bad to dnicnd 
for bis livelihood maiulyoii his pen, ana tbo 
hackwork rliat bo did lor th« booksidl^ni n* 
a translator only brought bini a precarious 
income Apart from theoi' troublnt (he reli- 

KiouJ VflfrariM of a dnujthter — 'that addl^ 
oudL-d, ^lubbnmBirl of mine.'hr culli her — I 
CKii>H.-<l bi [II much uniielvfrora H5'.^(Iti't. 
M.SS. Coium. lllh Rep. pt. vii. p. 111). 
On ISFpK 1703-3 L'K«lmll^•e. in a letter 
to a friend. Sir Cbrialnplwr Cnltborpe, on- 
nounced, with cvcrv *\gn of diilrtm, 'the 
latft departure of bit dnusbler from tlio 
church of Gncland to the- cUiimb of ItiMnr.' 
' It wounds tho very heart of me," be wrote, 
' for I do solemnly prot«cit in ihe i)r«««nc«iif 
Atiuigbty Ood lliat I knew nolliiiig uf it. 
... As I wat boini and brought up in the 
comniiininn of the diurcb of Rnjclond, m [ 
bnTnlH«''.n irantAitnv»r«iitee,witba Brmro- 
Mtliiiion with Ood'« aininlnaci^ lo conlinu« in 

the ^imetomv liCe'MMid'l lA.p. 118; ct.Slaane 

.VS,WL':i.p, IJ), This papt-rL'Estriinipt asked 
bis IViend lo employ In case the old wandal 
Inspecting hi" alieired oinn^crion with lCoan« , 
jphoublberevivednfier bin death, L'l^lran^ j 
died 11 D«c. 1701, within tive day* of hi* 
ei((hly-ciBbth birthday, and wa« buried in 
thoclmrchof St,Qi!e«-in-t!i*-Kielda. Verum 
lamenting bis death, eniiilird 'Lnctus Bri- 
tannioi,' appoutvd in 1705. 

L'Estranm marrit<d Miiry.duiigliterofStr 
Thomaa Dolcman of Shaw'. Ilcrkshim. His 
wile died on 7 .\pril ItSlM. ' Ilay and 
gaming company,' l.'F.Ktningn wrote to hia 
gmnd-n«]ihew when anoouncbit her death, 
' bare been the ruin of hor wretched self, her 
husband, and her family, und sb>- diiM niih a 
broken heart... but... fth-'fftUiif^ver any CTpft- 
Iiire Ifnt n donrnr wife ' ( IHtl. .U.SS. Ojmm. 
lllh vii. p. 111'). Ilesides (biidailgh- 
tec already metiiifincfd, I.'Hxiranco had a 
ton, Hoger, perhups the child of bin who was 

L' Estrange 


L' Estrange 


SBO' Aprit ]nS\ wli«ii tli« 
f Bad Kr TbimiH I>cil«i»«n 
' ptooil'gadbUifira (I.rTrii).iL. i. SiO), IVu 
ttihi^ wnu wnkiitir tn mukn |tr«riaion for hi* 
•duration rarlr in ll)07,l>ut tbi'bojr jmrrivcd 
L'M»maii« oiilv n {l-w moallu, dytns in 
SImcU 17«i (liitt. MSS. OmiM. tlUi lt*p. 
pt. rii.p. 114). 

L'dtnn^'a jMrinit was ]Kiinti.-il hj Sir Vif-IuiiA uf t)on Fr«.riciici> d« Quereilo Vi]- 
Qodfrwy Kndler in 1*18*, wli*n lii- ytm »i\iy- > l"pM. Knijrlit of tlw onlcr of Si. Jaint*,' li- 
alghl vetn old. Antrn^niviiiKby R. %\'liitn ' ci>Dt^ I'll March Ifltir.nnil piibli^bml in that 

HXIh ^rt of th(> profit on ibe sale uf ihu 
whole iiniir<^A#i«n wn« alw asbiuiKd to l.'Ga- 
tnoipr t/'*"'- •WS-S', 0™«, 1 lib R»p. lit vii. 

fel^3). A now I'ditioii in ihroo volnoiM in 
inrir type wn» burnt in J')hn llowji-r'a 
printinir ulEcu nn 30 Jon. 171^ (Nicuou, 
Lit. An^cdele*, i. o(t». 

L'E4trBDge yna also author of: 1. *Tho 

ia praBX(^d to hii ' .Faop'* Falilri' in ItlB2. 
Anrtihrr piMrmiit hy Sir IVi'-r I^^ly wait cx- 
hibilislat S^uib Kcmirnfion in lK«,s{No.7U 
in Cot.) A tbinl piclun.- >* nl HuiiSIUiton. 
A netmint cmcravins br P. Tumpatt ia 
dtetM 1IM4. 

ycnr. Pi-pjn hoiight n pi>|ij- on L'y Die. ll(C7, 
itiid ili'si^ribi'd it nn 'a mcrrf Hlitv . . . 
wlii.-rrinihi.-nf arotcuoyprtiltylhini(a'(/t*lry, 
ti. 1151, A third editiun i> dated ItiSB. it 
rMiriK-Hrfd in lludibnutic verM', 'burlmqa'il 
bv n pcri^n of qiialily,' in I'OJ. 

k*v^i ai^^vi , ui n Y'-f^JH V* If UiStikj r »u af^'wi * ii.'*kiivi ■ •«! 

I,'K-lranp>oonliniwd thmii^h Ufoagood | hw 'HUlnry ofSpanith I jt*™iurr,' i'l. 3il. 

niii*i<'iAi>. North dMRribn him lU * an «xpart 
TJotif^t ' ( .Vrmarift of Mutick, p. 1 2.t). Under 
the (jimmonwinllh he noi onlv ptoyi'd at 
Hindoo's booK WoivCktimivc'tl, but entei^ 
t*in«l at bill own rMid<wci^ Thomas Italixar 
[n. r.]. lbi> rli-iin-iiiibwl vtoliniM <R'p-Bl.tX, 
Diary, 4 Marsh Ui-V^-rt, ii. ^3> l.'KdtrLUfa 
«'W alnn onn nf ih>' rirtuoMH whopatmniSM 
dniu viiilin.' In it".73 Mnllhcw \jii(ik« [ij. v.] 

Miv* tlial it is iho Dmt tmnidalioii oxrant of 
'(iunrtdo^'or'al lna»t the mo*l »nirit<*l,* but 
l/l^almnAL' wu not ulwsv* faitliful whvn hu 
kn«w the im-uiiinif, and tn i* iiouit'lIm«a un- 
fikilhful from i^xinuice. ' He iilteri'd aofove of 
th>.' jwta of his original to suit the scABilal 
and iMles of hit times bv allusion* pntirely 
Enftishand local.' S. 'I'ivp Imxh Lnttcrt 
ttota a [PoHuBuoaftl Nun toa ftVneh] Can- 
licr, (roralhii rmncli." liwmitd in Dec. |I177, 

dt^dicatvil tohimhii'U^lMhc-iia.' aniltpokt I London, 1076, I^mo. and 109Si nnoiheredi- 

of hint aaa warni«<ici>ura^rof'tuuHica)pro- 
foaur*.' lu lfi7^JolmBaAiMvriI«'lioated lo 
bim'X^w Airs and Pialt^w.' Nod Ward, 
in his soooont of tbo maurat Hub conductad 
by Britton, the ' smnll ronlman ' in Clerlcnn- 
wrll,«iy> ihLidnbira* tirst brvnin.ornt lout 
«oititinui.-d, bv ffir RoRcr L'l^tnu«i.', 'a Ti-ry 
iBUMoal f^nilemsn, and who had a tolvntbk 
perfotioQ on tfai' b*^-Tio!' (.Si/irif RrJUc- 
tioK* on aibt. 1700). 

L'Est nnffe'4 cliief liiorarr work, npart from 
his poliliml iiamphlits ana p^rtnilicnls, ira* 
* Thq FahU* of .'T->op and oihnr Moinont 
MylboloKist*, with Moral RnAnclioiw,' Ijob- 
iaa, llS-i, fol., with portrait. Tlii* \% tlu- 
inOBt cxtnnui-o collcctiua of UHbit* in oxist- 
raev. tUchbbleiafotlowudbyK'monl'tuid 
B ' n^flt-xiraii' ottKrediiiooa ar«dat«d lOM, 
l«»l. 1701, 1712, 172J. A Fniwh nraon 
■pp-nnxl in 171t,nnda RamiinonainI76Q. 
<<if. .i-^41, nd. Jacobi, ii. inl'-^l. Anothnr 
lan;ii tiodrrtnlrina was 'The Wdlo i4 I'U- 
vina Jiw?phiu Mmparcd with thu original 
nmlc,' with tiro diKotinw br Dr. Millea (a 
foUo volumv of 1130 P<iffM\ Londaa, ITOV; 
other «ditk>tti 1717, 173S, and 1733. Hi^ 
tmialator received 300/. for th« n-orb. with 
tw>-tity-fiv<- .'•-•pi'-ii of tbn book in ordinary 
pati'T, mil! iwi-ni T-fivn in rottt. Thr «tb- 
■en]itHiB Drico for ibi' ordiniiry oopo* was 

tiou, colled tho m-cund. in both Ft«nch and 
Kn^'liftfa, app(An>d in Vt<yi. A uvconil part, 
' Five LoTO Letters writt«D by a Cavalier in 
Annrar,' London, 1601 (3nd edit. 17UI), i* 
also aMijriMd to I.'Eatran^ S. A diso^ftiM^ 
nbl« work, ' Ijovn I^iiTrn bctwopn a NoUo- 
man and his Sijii<?r, vir. F— — d ixird Or — y 
of Wcrk and tin? I^dy IlL-nriutta Berk — loy. 
uodf'r tbv borrovTpd namei of I'hilandi'r uud 
Silvia, by (he author of the ' Letlvts ttma % 
Kun to a Cnvnli(<r' I'Jnd odit. K-tl), is also 
ascribed to l.'EsTrancr. The work nrters to 
tlwoloponivntof Fordi-.Ior(l(itv«yrn.v.1.with 
hi< tiit^r-in-law, I.ndv Ilnnriptta ni.'rk«lirT,in 
KIM. 4. 'Tlic<Snatli-mon Pirthciary: a true 
Slorv done out of thu French ,'l.>ondun, llJ7S, 
a volume of curious indecMicy; a seooai dated 1726. &. -TaltVa 
OfRceit in' tlire« books,' T,ondoii, 16W; Ab 
eiiii., rvvifM bv John Lenc 'q, v.\ bisbop of 
Nor*irh. 6. 'TVenty wTrct Colloquies of 
F'raHiiiui Ib>t4irodatnas,ptoaiiantly nrprosmt- 
iii|f iwvvTal supcntitious IcTiticn that w«n 
crvpt ioiu ibu (%urch of Ifomi' in bin dnva,' 
London, 1080; Snd edit., with tiro coIloqiaiM 
iwlded. 1U8!>. 7. 'A Guide to Etervitr, 
exiraciiHl oat of the Writing* of the Ifofy 
Path4iTs and .\ncient I'bilomplien,' by Jolin 
Bona, Snd edit. lASa 8. • Tlo Snanish !>.> 
cuiWT«a,oirtOBiionrdsniad« Knclisfi,' l^ondon, 
ie87(!t«ri»«!17FeKlflse 7). ft 'S.rnoc3i-« 

SSn., and for ibc royal paper co'pie* 46«l A Monl* by way of abstract,' Sth edit. 1093. 

L St range 

in ICISOBlranKlatinnfrotDlboSiiixnialiadW 
I'oli'u-nt.ortlif Advvnlurt.-ftor!^i.'iiiuniRue6tiB, 
ill four IxmliM, tiuiiig > Ddlvdiou of Ilie Arti- 
fic<!SU»oil lyauctiof thvFair S>'x HBaro mant 
Ut (111! Purt»« thftn at llii- llcurl* of ih^lr 
A'lniiiwi,' Tiii* wii* (romnlnicd by ((xpU in 
171", (Uid piiblinhfd by Curll. It wna rc- 
iMiiRil a* 'bpnuiJib AmiuoniMiti' in 17:^7. 

L'EBirungi) wnn aluo one of ihe ' hiindB* 
wbowcrri' n'BjjiJiiiiible for' Ttrence's Comedies 
lOsiJe Eiii;lisli,' Loudun, lUO^, 2ad edit, Mill 
for ih» tninilauon of 'Taeitiis' in iLie Mmf 
year (Ilattim Oirrtjipotidenn, ii. S3S). llo 
wu author of' A Kny to lludibru.!,* pnntn! 
in IJullcr's ' l*a*thiiinoii« Work*,' vi>I. il. 
(1715). from iin exact cnpy supjiliL-d by 'the 
lonmrd IJr. Mid|{i'iey;' and hit wrola tht 
pn'fkcu tu I-'Hirfai's (rHiisIutiou of TaMO'a 
> GiTusidi'mmu LibvraUt,' 1C87. 

Ckrundou itpeKhsofL'h'strntigi-a* 'a man 
of a good wit and a fancy vnrv Iimirinnt, 
■nd of nn .inii-rpriiing nuinn/ [llrbellion, 
iv. 334). I'l'jiyi riil!» liim ' n muii of lino 
conrffation 1 ibinli. but I mn nuiv moBl 
eoiirtly nnd lull uf [^umpliuiuntH ' iDiary, 
17 III.-I.'. ItlCI, ii. 10:.'). Kvtdyu doitcribeH liitii 
UK ■ a, pLTWJii of ^x<:i'll<»it parU, abating 80m« 
all'i'Ctutiou*.' FulkT rcupoctfld him andd»di- 
caX^A to hini hi* * DniiThnlngin, or SpnHili 
of llird*' (1liiri5). l.'Ktlrnntro wna vnul ao- 
niiiiintiid with coiil.vmporory Trcoich and 
Spnnisli lilurnlure. and hi* frequvnt rirfi*- 
rtnccH to Uacun'c'EBMiv^ ' und his oocarional 

Suotutiou fivuja (H)et liki-LurdHrCKike^OW 
int }w woa w^ll n>Ad in EuglLsb. De^lu 
hiu qnanvl wilh Milton, bis nuna fitrurp* 
amoiiK lb" nib*crilMT« to thu fourth mlition 
of 'I'nriHliiwLoit 'inlCKK AccordinBtonll 
accounts, bi- wiw pi-rsonn!lv ullruplivi-, and 
oa a prnfi'inionnl juurunlinl lii.- iiUhi^ri.-d to his 

ErincipW wllb cn-dirubl'- d.-uuL'ily.althoug'h 
» vac a ooant- cuntruvi'niulibi, and aiiuied 
lepealedly, a>- in \\'\n utUchH on Milti>u and 
Baxl^r, (i«ain>it ibo cnnoii' of good taate and 
faolia^. lloycr, ii coiil«<niporBri- bio^pWr, 
writ<i« that ' bi) wiw ccrlniniy a rcry Rrrot 
Maatr.r of tbr KiiK'i*)> Tcm^i^' {AntiaU, iii. 
348). BuroL'i.nii unfriundlycriiie,drnM.-«al- 
t«otioD to his ' un-^xliuuAled copiousDOss in 
miliiif^.' ]Ii» Dui'ncy wm uudoubtodly it^ 
repreaublo. Ho wrote clearly, bnl in lii» 
ndearoura to inake hlmavlf int«UigibIo to 
all filusM Ii» introducod aincb ooDtampo- 
rtry donjr. flrani^ writ^it that ' he wna 
onfl of tile KTMt comintont of our lan- 
(piiige byeicltidin^ vowels und other ii^tlor* 
not commonly iirunouiiccd, und inlruducin); 

Srt audsircL'tiMJ^>lir««t>s'(£i'i^. //tirf, iv. 70). 
acau]a7(Zfi'4r.t. ld6)callabi8lilerar^-aCy)u 


'a tanm and ftippant jarpM.' HalUm.wbo 
r«iiaidixl bim t* ' \hii pattern of hod wriiii<g.' 
ypl crpdili^ hitn with 'a certain wit and 
ruudiuinu in raillery, which, wlul* moliine 
bim s poiiulsr wriuV in Iiia own daf, eaaUe 
aora« of nia works to b)> atiU timJ with aonift 
amn«eni*nt* {hit. of Unroiir, ill, TuVl-rt). I* 
the bi*rory of joiiTiiiilitm h-- bold* a promi- 
nrnt ptoiM*. l)r. Jiibnion regardod aim na 
the first writi-r npnn nword who n^larly 
enliKlvd bimself imderlhc bnnnenof a party 
for jiay, and foiijfhl fur il thrriu^'b ri|^t and 
wrong {Lit. Mai/. ):.J8, p. 197). The influ- 
ence if bi» ' Obwrvalor was far-T»acluiig. 
It* titlp and form wprt> pla^iariwd by joup- 
naliilicdiwipWxvcn in lii* own lifatiDW (cf. 
Nichols, Lit. Aardolm, L 711 •■]. ; and art. 
Ttfn'lll.l, JmlS ). It w-iH fnlniliur to Urt'on, 
.Addison, und .Sli-ele. und su^Ki-sted much uf 
their own work in the sumi.* direction. But 
L'Estranj^e is seen to be«l lit>^rary advan- 
to^ in bis trans] At 10118. Ciccn4i->nally.nii in 
hi"' Qucvodo' nnd ' ,E»op,' ho l'oi'l*d on tbnm 
hi> own viiiWH nnd unwurmnt>'d nlliMinni to 
current nvc-nl*. Hiii iiltboujrb nut Uicrnl lliey 
ore uminpnllv tvudnblt-. He wnj not mons 
morul than hisconlemponries.und his choice 
of contemporary French uulhore for purpoaua 
of iransktion is not above reproach. 

[AiithoriiiM cited; ltiai|. Biil.: Bumoi»0«Ti 
Timi); Itankp'H Hist.: UaWttlay'* IIUi.; Ilxl. 
MSS, CoDim. lltb It«ph pt. rii. (L'l>i1miK* 
I^ipsm at BunituDion) : Fnpys'iDiftty; EvDlyna 
Ulary; Cnl. fltata Paper*. Itoni. 1000-7; L'Ba* 
tTBli|t«')iTnict«: Out. ^alirir Print' in Itrit. Miiil, 
div. i. pt. i. Hp. p. 031 ; Bciyi^r's Annuls of Anne, 
iii. 2fi : North'* Memoirc* of Miitick. ivl. Itiu- 
bnult ; lUanieflvld'a Norfolk, x. Rl-t : (.'nnhciir'* 
Ilundrpd of Uunditcli. i. 1]9-4Jl CoU M.sS. In 
Brit. Mm. Addil, MS.aSBJS. tF. 31, 80, »i ; Biroli's 
Tillotiion, iii. i-il; Orm«'* Lifnof Diutrrr; Mas- 
■oil'* Miltun; Foi.H<iuni«'*Kn]jl!sh Nampapsia; 
Hnlknti nndLnin^-'i l>ict.o( Anon. andPimdoli. 
Lii.;WHit'«lilbl. nrii,».T.-E«lmngp.T 8. t. 

ll>tIi),of lIuiiatuntuD, XorfoUt, born in 14{M, 
son of Kobert le Stnuii^e (<f. I 'il 1 ), siKlh in 
descent from Hanio le Strang!.-, Iimthtn' of 
John le Stranee, uxth baron of Knockya 
[sec under I.ii&TituiaN,Jun3(, rf. 1l*(10},wm 
c«>']uim of tbn body to Ili4iry VIII, and at- 
tended tho kiiiff when ho wont to ihi- Field 
of iho Cloth of Gold in 1520; be wns knif;hled 
by IIl'utv at Wbilcholl in 162», and served 
OS hiiih sliLTiff of Norfolk in 1M2. Evtracts 
from the' Ilouwhold Accounts' kept at fltin- 
stanl«n in the time of Sir Thonni; nnd hi* 
suocesfor, IVom 1G19 to IWS.wmvpubluihod 
in ibo > Ai«h«ologis*forltV)^. SirTliomoa 
wus in ntttndanco on Annn Itirh-yn at her 
corooation in 1G33, hor falbcr, Sir Thomas 

Le Sueur 


Le Sueur 

; BoJ«;n, being • Norfolk tK-iglibour, who is 
IMOtiOfipd ivpralrdly in the abovi? oncounU 
•■kVuilOTal Hiuutantim. lo luSIS SirT. 
Ii> Siruigit KM app<>iiil(tl lit Bttnutl irn iLv 
king'* pFtaon ilurin|- rhu Pilgriauge of 
Oncv, and to briof.' &"7 '"*'' ">''> '■i™ • >" 
July of tliai ^r bpwMBlawd on Ui» com- 
niwiuii i<> iiii)iiir« inio tne ronaoM of tbo 
weaUliy abbojrof Walninglmiii, ncnr hUown 
Norfolk nMalv. It » tn hi* eredk tbat, 
ilinugli > pi-ntciml friuni) of t!ii> kiiiff. <>d<1 
cmplciyod on bunnus coiinircU'd wiUi iLe 

. diwalulion of tbH iDoii*imi«ti, Sir TboiiiM 
doM not Rpp««f U>hftve uatdliifl influence nt 

iCtKUt to (wanfor binMelfftny church lands 

Nrbalerw. Hi* pictnn^bjrilolbeia.hAnnBt 
HnnaUston Hall, and a pencil tkricli of 
bimisanMiBif thcHalbriDdmwiatnial Wind- 
tar ; bolli thov wrrn i'xliibil«d ul the Tuilor 
Exhibit ion in IfM. Ut- married Anuo, 
d«ngfat«r of Nicholiu, lord \'aux ; di«d lli 
Jwi, IM&. and was buried at Uunstanton. 

Tht son. Sir Ninio[.u i^ SnuxaK 
(ISIG-I&W^ bi-camn nKnrard for lifi;' of tho 
Btanof of M 017 . d ucb»« « f I tic hmond < :?i) J on. 
IW"); wa» kiiijthU'd bv I'roli'clor Soun-'titc^t 
whil<t MFvin^ nidi liim in SrutWd 111 1<>I7 
(Mim.'ti.i*e.A'»iyAf'<.IiAMiii wHHrK-ctvdM.P. 
forNori(ilk(N'ivtiiiWrl'i-I7i, for King's I.yiin 
(IGoSl, for Castle Rising iKiTlt; and was 
tberiirof Norfolk and Suffolk in llUa On 
12 Sept. I'llfl howmto to William Oicilitlic 
king's sttornr'V, dnnviDS iui3r nrinpatliy with 
Tiii. No. ti«). Id l>ViU liu wu a niembvr of 
the boiueJinld of ThuniaA Uoward. iliiki- of 
Norfolk, went with tb« duke to Scotland, and 
IB February IfiOO cnrrieil inMucM froni him 
to ttw priry council. l>n 4 Oct. 1^71 L«< 
StnoMdemod, w)i«q «xaminod b>- tha coun- 
cil, all knowlodco of tlif duke's trcmumnblo 

, Bt|o(iMlK)nswitn)Iarv(ju(enofi^aia(//ii(- 
JUM .VSS. i. /)3.'IV lU mnTTii-d, fiml, Eitvn, 
daoghUT '>f Sir Willinni Fiiiviltiam uf 31il- 
ton, Nortluun^oDiliin' ; and secoiiillir, Ka- 

I thxtiav, daugbtn of Sir John Hide of Ald- 
boTOiig b . By his flr*t wifn hn bad thron *oji* 
•nd two daughlTa|Inq. p<ict mort. in I'ublio 
RscOfdOlficflj CAbiw. hy. ill laix. |l^ i.p. 20), 

n^ SUange H^utctiald Amoudts. Arcliico- 
lofPK. XXV. 41 l~Mti Lcttcfa and P'pen^ Futvign 
ami bumcsilc of llsar; Vlll ; Suto Papon of 
Heary VUI. li, ».] H.uill 

teulplor, appMn to havo bwD bora ia I'uni 
about IWS. Accofding to iradiliou he <riu 
■ pupilof Oturaoni Bologna at Ftorenct.-, but 
notbiBK SMtns certain exMpt that l.e Sueur 
MtbUtd Fiatro Taoca, Bologna's pupil, in 
1010, in the complotion of ElolQgnri statue 

TOt. X2XUI. 

of Henri IV on llie Pont Niiuf nt Puris, 
which wiu d<-*tmTfldin tbpro volution. After 
Ttci-inug crapbvmriii from thi' king on va- 
ri'iuB works in l^ri*. Li- Suciir romi- overto 
Kn^lund about ItWS, Ho lired fur alimc in 
I'rury LunivHud afterwanin in l)iirlbuluDi(-w 
Close, n^Ar (lie church of Si. Bartbulouu-w ibe 
Ormt in.SmilhSeld. 

In 1030 1,0 Suenr nss eraploved br Sir 
Itirlurd Wnilon (afterwards Vtsrl of I'nrt- 
Iniid). ibfn lord treiuurpr, to makt^ and cnsi 
a brucn st4tuH uf Cbarlus 1 oti hnracback, lo 
be wl up in the gardens of Wcslimi new 
bouse at Kosiutnipton. Le Sueur wiulu tiike 
ad?ice from the king's 'riders of gmklhotucs' 
04 to the shape of the borae and tlie kind's 
action on the horse, and be wu to reooive 
(too/, for the work, wliicb wax to be oom- 
plet«d in ngbtnai months. This is Ibe Rret 
iui|)ortHUt comminsion that Li^Sueur is known 
to liavo received. There is nu rvidencu to 
diow that the group was completed i but an 
idratical group was cast iu l.ondon lu liJSS, 
anparenlly at tbo oxpanse of We«t'ni, al- 
though, acCOTding to triLditioai and the in- 
•criiition on llio ensrarbg of tlic iiaiiifi by 
llullur, it wus ut the cspenso of ibi.' Karl of 
Arundel. A Bmall model by Le Suirur was 
in CharliM Ts own collection. There appcan 
to have been an inlenlioit to set ibe statue up 
in Covent Garden, but it seenu 10 bare re- 
mnined nnpUcud until the eseculion of the 
king, whim it was <ald m old metal by the 

Kliamnnt to one John Itovsit, a hnm*t in 
Ibmm, and wns orden-d lo bi- deairoy«d. 
Itnvrtl, bowBTiT. concealml It taTolv, and 
produced it in ItifK); il was immejialvly 
cUimed br Wmcoii's son Jsqrome, earl of 
Portland, out Iterett declined to give it up, 
and pmsontod it to the king. It was nut 
till ie74 tbat it was Mit up at Cliaring Croat 
upon a pedestal, dnignodOTGrinliDguibbons 
[q.v.],unde(rcutcd in mantle by JnsliuaMai^ 
ahalt. On ibe Irft furefriol uf the linriH) is the 
signature ' kvbeu i.esybi'r (pi: jut ItlSS.' 

Troin another agroeiueui pnMurved among 
the Siatn Papero. dale<l 20 March 1033, it 
appi«ra ihnt Archbishop Laud nre Le Sueur 
acommiuinn to exix!utofoT400/.cwo broiWi 
statues of the king and queen j thete were 
eomiileled in lttS4,and presciitnl hy Laud to 
St. John's College. Oxford, whore they slill 
rvmain in the t«eoiid iiuadmngle: tfaey hatn 
someiimea been attributed to P. FanclHTQ.T.] 
Another agreeroenl, dated IB July 103£ i^ 
cords a oommiseion to Le Sueur from Lonl 
Cotiiogton to set up a gmt tomb in West- 
minalcr Abbi^T. Le Sueur's tomb and bust 
of Lady C'oUingtoii Klill remain, but tbs re- 
cumbent figure uf Lord Cottington was exe- 
cuted at a later dale by P. Fanelli. 1^ Sueur 


Le Sueur 


Letch worth 

WU eil*o»iv''l¥ *inpIoTn(l hy ttio king, nnd 
ptytnenl wu m>i)iicatl}' mnili' In liim for 
Dtuta, eomM of iintic|U'- ■laiuni. unci othar 
work* In prwnw) »t ci>|ipi^, wliiU- lia rc^ceivi-d 
•llowMiciis f'lr lioiUo-rvnl anil nmiUr ex- 
pflDM*. FoicliBIu. ill bift ' Cunijili-ul l!teTitlF>- 

mitn'(«iii. lt!34,p. 107), nvM & (iMcriptioii 
of six BitttiiM (tone by I^ Sueur for tbo king 
ui Si. Jflni«8'* Pnliu:.'. Amonr timtf wan n 
copy of' famoun ' llrirtili«w gladiator in Loiivnv tlmt xtnod for many yearn in St. 
■liino*'* f ark. at ihu end of tli« canal uppoHitH 
the Ilnreu Ouurdt, and in now in tbl^ prtntte 
)[nrili.-n oi Wiiid-ur Cadtlu. Oibitr work* 
L-XL-cutvd by Lt> Siivur fur CliarlM t iiioind'* 
a ' Meifurv * for a fountain in tbf> gardrni of 
SaEaer«et tloiuw, a biwt of inmra I, whiirli 
nill luroninii at WbiCoboll, nnd n bust nf 
(Tharlo* I, lifn-atce and gilt, with a crown on 
hi* lit^ud. 

On ibc^ dcutb of bis putrnn tbu Earl of 
I'ortbnd in li£i,'r, !.•> 8ii'.-uru-a8 cmplored to 
vi'iL-uti- Ills niuiiiiiii'.'iit ill \Vincliv4teT Calbe- 
dml; tlii» WW «ul)M>)uenlly w-rockfi] by rho 

furilAnfi, bnl tbn flgur» «till ri'mnini. In 
nSA al»n [jo tjui!ur oxncutod ihr linn bast 
of Sir Tliomaii HiobnnUon in Wniimlo^ttT 
Abbry. In ibv Itijdluiaii Librarv nt Oxford 
there !■ an I'xwllcnl stalue of William Ilut^ 
hnrt, tbinl imtI of Puoibroliu, by l>^ Sudur. 
By an atrTK^ment dat«d 17 June 11538 (alM 
among iIk' Stale Papera), and viin«H«») bjr , 
IniRo Jonot, L* Siimir agnoi to aalcn two 
«iat untof Jama) I and DharlM I, at 1 1 Of. MCtli : 
tbnic wiTi> completed in 1839, and formed 
part of tbc screen dosijTo«d by Iniso Jcnua 
fur WinchraiAT Catb«drat. On Ibe rninoval 
uf tUie Acrueu ibew ataluu weru moved to 
tbe wMl end of ibu cathedral, where t)i«y 
alill remain. Thiire ia an rwcord nt !* Soenr 
after Ihix dati^, tbonffh li« i* iionnlly iitAtfld 
to bavn dipd in London about 1653. All Le 
Suour'i work in bronze and coppnr U at the 
hiffboat merit. 

Ijt Sliuur uraa married in Paris b.'Tuiv iKlO 
U>No0mi Li^ Bluiic.aud thoirMii Henri woa 
baptised on 17 Marcb lUlO at Su Qtrmain 
I'AuxmroiiiinlVriA. AcertiflcM»afalm]{(Bn 
lirinit in liontlon in Dncnmbor 1038 (amon|[ 
thn Stale INiponi) record* l>i Siimir an living 
in HI, llrirtholomew'spiriib.with tbrrw chil- 
ilivn, Bugliab bom,and fuiirvcrcanl*. A iion 
luuicirat buried in St. Hurt bo!om«w'sChurab 

In the medal room aiibe Brit ihbMo'^uni 
there i» a Ann poKrait>ini>ilal of 1* Sueur, 
exoont^d by Warin in IQ^A. A norlrait of 
a sculptor painted by \'andycli,an(l imfrrnvmi 
in nMoxotJnt by Jan X'nii Sotnrr, U inppnui'd 
on |(«net»lly accupt«d gniunda to rcpraaent 
Le Sueur. 

[Cal. .Slat* r^pr™. Doni. Scr. Hir. I. 16:i»- 
ie4U; Jsl's I)lo(. t'rit, d- IIi'i|ir4iili>' rt d'lli*- 
toIn>i Walpnle'KAiiwd.ur E'fliiilini;; ilut*l*iii'a 
L«ii Arli>t«a rmnvifi I't^lrnn^r; Vert dp'* Cut. 
of Cli&rlci r« calloelion ; CuaniDgbau'i IliUid- 
1ru-ik at>loDi C«rp(«leT> ISctitfikl S'oiiei* 
nf V'andyck; Note* and Qiiorion. Inl wr. ii. M ; 
informatioo from K. P. Home, e»).] I> C. 

Kf^l.ijualii^r, tliinlwnof lEobnrt ami Rliu- 
betb Lift ch wort h,w-n» a dricCTidont of Itobrrt 
lintchworlh. oni- cf tW lint qiiakiTi impri- 
MMifd ul CambfidBP iti KMSO {(."rup MftS., 
Devonsbirp lloiiw), lie wan born at WixhI- 
brid|{u,8tif|Vilk, in 17311, but his par^'utii unnn 
ri'Diuvwl to Nom'icb.and aflerwar<l" toWalt- 
buni Abbey. .\t »>.'\'eii ynr* old bo ilirliTnrind 
linran^os on lif<> nnd immnrinlily from ■ 
tombston* in Norwii-h. After having bei-n 
taught by JoMph Unncrr. a (diaolina«t<^ 
at lIiTtford, Lctchnorlh wu ^ipteoticr-l 
to a dliopkeepuT at Epjiint;. His master'* 
rlTorta lu induce biui to join the eetablished 
(?biiTi.'h wv<re nnsuccMsfiil, bi« ajiprvciaiion 
of sik-nt worship being so aincer* tbat hi- 
Muietimes kept Ilie meeting; at Kpping aloni-. 
Ho toon motvd to Ijondon and took a tliop 
in Spitalfinldii, where bi! bit^n pn-afrhinjjt at 
tlip age of ninetiwn, llr nftcrwardd mar- 
ried and Kel.tled in Toolcr StrMl, Soutb- 
wark. In I7ti& be piibliviVd aom* mnll 
votnmes of rerte. In 1773 he pommwncinJ 
publishing 'The Monthly l^ilgi-r, or Lite- 
mry Reponitory,' 10 which hn contributed 
many aHiclw !iim»r>lf. Il wan imlirely iin- 
Mwlnrian. It was discontinued after tbe 
third ynar. 

In 'l77fi Letnbwortb publi«lied the ' l^fe 
nnd Wriiiii|pofJobnWoolmati'[ii.vAwbom 
be e«lU 'ThH Clirisiiau 8oi-ratii«,' Tin died. 
Itand, Newbury, Berkshire, 7 Nov. 1784, aad 
was burieil in ib^ Frieoilt' burial-grouad at 

Ilii tormon*.prcach<sl at ihu Park, Smith- 
w&rk, were taken down in shorthnnd, and 
pntiliihedin London in 1787. An Ammean 
edition won piiblitJied at Salem in I TM. Ac- 
COtdin|{ to a not« at tlie end of the prrfiico, 
the llraltermon hod been inoorrcctlvpriiitod 
ill Ireland under the name of Samuel F'liber- 

{ill [r|. v.] Lijlcliworlh'ji ' Brief Account of 
'.wli.Tirill,'jiubli«hiKl inthe 'Monthly Led- 
jirr,' wa« aUn printed neporately, London, 

Leicbworlh marrieil, 'Jl Msrcli 1789, at 
the Savoy MeetinB-bou«v.S«mbniirg:e. Illi 
only Hiiu died in youth. 

[Life and Chiirncler 'if TliomiM l#1cb>octb, 
br Wiliiara Maithewa. B»lh, ITSfl . Letcliworth'i 
Ttrelve DiKoumiui. LMidon. ITU? ; Gt-nt. Ma^. 

Leth bridge 



, pi. ii.p. STS; Sniilb'" Citalt^r: Vrirmlii' 
n, QnuiuLin Il^-ota; Crisp oai biaCor- 
tan, PL 7».] C. F. S. 


(IA1T-Ik"''i^, diaeratisg: ^iTiDR, bom at flv- 

noatli '2l> Jau. 1»17, ont^fwd Uuwhiuit GiU 

tlfCOtn 164:;, ami io iKlUlAdrUuntii^daii'ii 

ttOHBCxiaa, in which hv Inboured at Kidiln^ 

I ■inaur.aadafti.TwiiriUBt Mc'llMiini»,l)pr1>;r- 

IsUlw (ISTiO-ul. MiitniiiD); to llw (Dd«- 

J pMidMiM, h« was ^lacM in clur^ of tiMir 

dlBNli at nrfl^M ,Nonliiuiipt<in^tr«,wtieB<» 

Im rNB0t*4 iu l*^'<i 1(1 I>4c4-*IM, and thcoM 

(■ IMS lo W(il!i[i;;bi>n)uirh. Ilr relitvd id 

IRH3, and di.»I iT idr l^^JL 

L»tlibr>dA» i>uUi>lird: I. 'Tlw Sluk- 
«|M<n> AlniaiwcL Tor lH-10,' lynndoa, lL>aio. 
3 • \Voaiantli>-01<ir¥or Man,' London. 18M, 
ISbh. 3. ' Ixitins Tliougfais for lluuMn 
ll«wU.'I«adoii, iNWi U'luo. 4. 'netdjl* 
a( 8ok»an: tbo Ili-brow Marriacv Waak 
*raB([«d in Uialofrur/ l-'indoiii. 1B7S, Svo. 

fCoMmntioMl VHu-ItMk: Brii. M». Cat.! 

J. M. B. 


PilENS (1::j-1«3I*). niini«iuTW-iNuai.<f, 

MM) nf William l.o(hbr>cl^,afBrnMTr,wa« born 

■t iriurli'Ion, baptiiuxliliirn- 

. OB IS <Wl. 1773. Jlr wu apprcniiiwd to a 

^bmutypainlor; fora >hart titni' Ik at1c<l on 

•aaistant liinlnvuUint'arliBl,andlbi!neUMe 

to IjondriD, kIiptv hf klmticd in the acfaool* 

•tf Ibo Ronl Aaikmj. Fnwa IWI lo Irt^O 

L«tbfaTvd|n waj u aoBiMl «xlitbiloT of miiita- 

— ■-<! at iho Acatlvmy: tbr«A Inclwtrd por- 

. of MnuOlnVfr, Sli.« Hooth, 31 in K»11t, 

.'i.-i Lacx, uhI otbi-r ihmtrifvl orlcbtili<#. 

ilia lUntlKWn of lh(^ Hirl nnd l>H»t«MOf 

ilmitinffdoa and Ilvnry Niii-m)I Bell w«iv 
aogntnl fur ibi? laii-r'*' Ilnnttudoa Pser- 
al^'.' 1*31. and ili-.v^ of C«|)t«un Omm 
Ilanliti)^. 11.N,, (ioont* P- IWiftr 
. < ulaiine Itor'l and ■'^rali l.yirtW, 
till' Ijaiwii-Ii ci-otiTarinn. Im\f alft" tnw'l ra- 

CrnL Ihlf^Sdl^libriilirrrrtifwitorJloi*** 
kH, rirmouili. nbom bo in coid to barv 
diod in IKII, bui idiH is not ranfimMd bj ib« 
inrUh nnM«T. His niinialun.-!> of SaEDuel 
Harale^tbiahop of St. Aaaph. aiul Dr. John 
Wtdeot ('PWot Pii»d«r'>«re in ib« XMionnl 
Pontaii nalWf. 

\Hrytm't tUn, of INiDins and EngrmiMa 
. triBttcmf): QraTM* IH^i. of .trtii'i. I't*- 
IMU ; Hapd Aoadaoi; Caialo(;sM : infurwitioa 
tittm the Rvr. TinetM. Ymuic. vimr at Charlft- 
ial| F. 31. 0'I>. 

LETHEBY. UELVKY 08t«-l«;6j. ana- 
Itiioal rhitiut, wu bom at I'lmMUth in 
iVl't. He grwlBaud M.R. ki Londoa Um- 

: YiT-ily in l(Ul', ond «»» aUn 1„S„\. (1897) 

I aiKl I'h.U. He wai Jecturvr on dicBJitiy 

I at tbs London Ho^ilal, and for Mine jmiv 

inodical olGcnrof hcnltli And aaalfKof Iboda 

for the ciljr of London. H« *•• alw »f* 

poiniml cUiof «xantin«r of gna tot iLe autra- 

pnlijiiuidnrttMlNianlof ttvde. Letbnby wu 

iin exeoodiaglf accunttn lochnologicu cb<>- 

, miM, and craittjhiutad muy pp«n to tho 

j 'Lancet 'aodotfaorMiwitiGcpenoilicnU. Il« 

waa » fcUow of ibe Linnmii and (.'btquickl 

Sodatiet. Ue dM on -JS ilHrcIi l':^7U at 

Im raddenn.] 7 Soatex PUm, Recmt'a Purlc. 

Londcau Ue left n widow. L«tii*b7's ekief 

work wan a ti«ot*M on ' Food, iu Vanetiee, 

Cbemienl ConiMaitien, ftc,' London, 1670, 

6vo: Sni edit. IS73. ilU oiffieial nporu no 

tlie MnitAiT condition of London wtn pitb- 

liflbed from time to lime. 

[TiioM. U lianb 1876: Mi<1Im1 B*«i«tarfar 
1»T0 Mil 187; ; AaaliA 1870. p. Ui Chenikal 
IIa««,18TS,p.H0i Pa1iUeH«fib.lST«.p.2l8; 
Had. Tiinei and Oa>Mt«, 187*. p. W : Men of 
tba Beign.] W. A i. A. 

LETHBRLAHD,JO^riI <10O»-I;m), 

fhy!<>ci3ii. WW bm al Slnttford-oa-Aron in 
\i^K He '■ntnird tbn univrnitv at l.<^diMi 
30 S<vpt. Ki" and (iradiutod .Sl.i). 5 July 
1724 with an innupirnl dimi-rtatirtn. ' \'ett<- 
nira mi-dicorum BriittriitiaB dc I'lm-nitido 
curanda' (Leydtnt, 1724, 4io). So«ne yev* 
ofMTwardii Ue'wna created doetof of nedicina 
of Ounbtid^ br roynl nMndaloHApril 1796, 
and tlius qiialibed tar ttte Cellowehip of ibe 
Itoval ColCrp) of PbvaiciaBii, wbern be wm 
admittml candidate XtSapt. 17.iA, and follow 
30 Sff (. 1737, afterwardii bnldinit the offieo 
of crnwir and other coUi.'i;<! dii^niliea. He 
yna utodrd pliynlcian to St. Thoraai'a Hoa- 
nttnl 7 Jnlr i'M, and reeitnwd thai oAee 
At the clow of iim. In 1741 l^lberinnd 
wat appointed |dijrncian lo the qiir«>i, oo 
ibn nwnmmenduion nf l>r, Willimti llnbnr- 
il««i tlH> eldiir !<\. v.\ wbii ka<t iWlinnI the 
bononr. Ho dii^ 31 KIucli 17<M, and waa 
bnritd in the church of St. Marr, Alder> 
manhiuj, where a mcinorial inUct wu 
placed to bim. 

l.vtbi.-rland always praciieed in lyMidoiit 
but without bec<anaing touch known to tin 

Eublie, tbougb lie waa tu^ly etteeaMd hf 
is oolleairure for bi» Inaining end proE*^ 
nonol altointnenta. llii rhwical leaniing 
wnaabown in a t*V^J to Conjen Siiddlo- 
tnn'a di»ertuian on tbe earvile niudiiioo of 
pfa^icion* ainiHig the Itonona, in wbicb be 
vindioainl tbo Doaiiion of the Roman pbyei- 
cians : ' Not* breTm in DiawrtntioDinB de 
Hedieorvm npvd Romonoa coaditioaie ■ 0. 
Middlet«i<ditBni.'fro,Loadon.l73«. Him 





wn.1 hill only snpnnili' piiblicntioa. bill hfi is 
known til iiarr eoiitribiit*icl Ihtki-It to John 
FotbtTgill'i ' Acctmnl of tJie Son' Throat nl- 
fajii'lL-d with I'Icfre,' 17K*. Tbe liiflUiricAl 

Snrtioii, ideulifyiii^ the diNeaM with o'l" 
Mtribijil bv Si'mni'i!] pliyBicianfl in thn »ix- 
teenthsnd »event*"rith cpntiirii'a, i» mlmill^d 
to b« hi* work (Ttiuuis Iltui.Di:, Oraiio 
J/nrcnaina, 4to, London, 1785). IiidiM^d hv 
bus l.ho cri'iiit of Unng tlie firal lo ilmw iit- 
tciition to tUiii (lij<eiisi? |lha laodeni ill|>li- 
thoria) ill 17^!! (.loHS Chandler, On Ihe 
DUf/iAt calUA n CvUI, I7l(l, p, 50), though 
he modi'slly aeV'.'p averted his claim to 
priori ly. 

[Uunk'j Coll. of I'bV'. IM78.ii-135; Enali»h- 
■penking tituilanunt ],eydsn (Inr!«x 9oc.}. lOUIli 
Aivhivwif Si.Thnnint'ii Motpiul,] J. F. P, 

1700), antiqiiarr. boni S Nov. liUl, wuh iliy 
woonj eou of ,f<)hii Li.'lhii.-iilliKr of AhU'rs- 
brook Munur lloii«i>, Liltle IlforO, Km^x, hy 
KILtabelh, ilniighiur of Sir Jonr'pb Stnnrr, 
but., of I InTi'ring. I lis Kmniifiither, Sir Jnhn 
I.Pl.hioiiIliiT, Imi. (d. 171!*), wns slicriff of 
Londiin in llt71. nnd hud piirchiuM-d ihir 
Al<i«rslir>nilt i-atiili.-. Tin- fainilv wa* oriiji- 
nnlly ofKrubiiiil. Smiirl Lethipiitlitirfiitpn-d 
IU1 II (.i.i[iilL'uiaii-t'ciuiiiim»-r of Trinity C'cjllt'i,v, 
(.)\f.>fd. Hi Feb. 1719-30, nnd grodiinlMl 
M.A, II .lidy 173:1 (Cat. O.i/. rtmrf.) lie 
devotnd hinni'lf rhii-Hy ti nntiijuitics, niul 
fornii'd cr.llirptioni nnd iniwl<' drawings whih- 
trnvcJIiDB in Frnncp, Italv. liirmiiny, nnd 
all [lurts of Kn^lund. Oii 11 in fLiTlK^r'tdHiilh, 
1 Jan. 1T30-7, lie iiuocpedii'd to Ald<-rsbroi>k, 
and ill th-? ^'rounds, winch be iiii)iroved, built 
D smnll 'hcrniits^n' I'orbiscollocitoriB. Thn 
manor-lionM uid the hermit*^ w«n» piillod 
down hy Sir J. T. tiOiig, who purcluKivl thr 

Sritppn.y a few ycBn rifl<T I.c^lhii'iiUior's 
until (\VaLTORD, Onater London, i. 501'>. 
lirthii-uUiiir's fotluotiuiu i^ontistL-d of inuuu- 
wrlpls, boohs, 'meduU' (ci.>inB'-). dniwin|i;s. 
und uiiL'i<-iit uinrbli-s. lu Koiue lie hnd 
h«d doling:* with th* mil ii|iiiirv rieoroni 
(, Ane. Utarhle* 111 (irrat llrit. 
5 8H). Amonir iho dmwinir* wrp n fuliii 
votuac of ' finoly pninttvl ' drnwings of no- 
cdcot ainrblo* (fffnl.Mrty. 176(), p. 4U), nnd 
drawinfpi by Lelliiaiillii^r bimix'tr of ^.xon 
and EnKlish unliquities ^i6.•. NlciIoLs, ZiV. 
^11. V. 4811) ; ninny of th-^st', l"|H'ther with 
oClu>r4 by Vertuc »nd Sir C'linrle^ Fnideirick, 
cun* into norHC Wnlpoli"'" ponsefwion (lA, 
i. 6M1 vi. Srt7). LKhiouItii^r nl^o form(<d n 
collection of Knali'h fonsiU, which iii thr 
tinip of bin dcutli wnfl conlninud in ' two 
IwKi-' cnbincU,' and which i* dti»crihi?d by 
Poter Colluuon [q. v.] {Qmt. Mag. 1700, 

p, 413) lU n ■ (TTPfit col Wl ion, which excells] 
mosl othcni.' IiPlhit-uUier mndn iin illii*- 
Iraied iiianiuicript cnlnloipie of tho niror 
Ajieciiiieus. Lifi.hiT^iillif r wu* a fellaw of iho 
Society of Anliquarieo (eWied iu or I 
I7MI|, n fellow of llie Rnynl Society, 1 
inRmb<''r of the Spnlding SnciHy («<lecteiX| 
Itl Aug. I7:t1). Elo wiu ihu friend nf many I 
ti'umcd men. llo corrosnondr^l on nntiqni- ' 
tii-i with Fmncin \Vi«- oVoxfowl nnd wiili 
Dr, Uucnrel. Some of his Ictlcrinreprint'-d 
in XicboKi'Lit, Illu»lr.' iii. (132-ir>. \}t.[ 
Mend, Marl in Foll[e*,aiid Samuel Onlu- wer» 
ainong his acqiiaintROCM, lie coiitribu!t.'d 
ncvornl pnpert lo vnln, i, and li. of the ' At- ■ 
chn^olnfin, fiirniihi!<l un ncrount of Alilbrofr4 
bury Biinke.nnd of Uomnn nnliquitiea found.* 
ftt tpytnn, Kesei.for (ioU((h'«'(,nnidnn,' vol. 
ii, (^Vil.WRI^. (ireattr London, i. 417, 418, 
4f 1), and wrote n description oftbe Bnytrii 
lnpe"lry iDccabri., AitylriSormnn Antique 
fir". Si-., 1787: cp, NlinioLg, Lit. An. iv. 7(H), 
lie di.d at Aldorsbrook on 27 Au(r, ITOO, 
nnd WU9 bnrird in Little Ilford Churcli. A 
monument to him h nn tJio north lidn of (I10 
nnvp (lA. T. .170). His library wns sold by 
miction in 1700 (I'fi. v. !t71). NiclioU (1%. v.] 
3UK) diwcribeH him ns 'an c.vcclk'nt sdiolur* 
nnd *n politepiiitlemnii.' Letbiuullicrmur- 
ri"d, on r, Feb. l735-ii,Murjriit\-t (rf, Iti.hiUH 
l7o;l), dniijtliler nf WillinmSlop<irof Wooil- 
hnv, lli^rkshirc. Tlmy lind no phildrpn. 

LeihiciillinrwiUDiiecircdi<dnt .Vldcnbrook 
nnd in the mniior of Birch Hull ut Thcydom 
Dois, nnd in other mtntM ihiit be bud piir- 
chttwid (MoRA-vr, iim-.r. i. 1, 4, C, 27, 28, 
103), by MaiT. only dauffhtvr of bia ntxt 
brother, Charles I^thieiillior tl7l8-ITH>), 
fellow of .VII Sonls' Colleip-.D.CL.. FXA., 
conniicllor.nt-kw (IaI. An. iii. 630, t. .173} 
Fo«rmi, Alumni Oj-on.) 

In the Ilritiih Mtiic-um arc varioiu nnti- 
qiiitiiw prcBcnled hy miiinlxTi of [he !.«- 
thieiillier familv- Iu l7o') Coloni-I Willinro 
Lrtbieullier, F.S,A.,a toiiBinof Smart's, who 
bud travelled In fig.vyl. Ijeiiueothed a collec- 
tion of l''ngli#.h nnd ICg^plinn niiiiiiuitie^, 
iiicliidin); It mummy. In I'-'iO-IH) 8mnn 
I.elhioullier nnd I'ilt, •on of Colonel Wil- 
liam Iji^tliinulliirr, pnucnted Kgipl.inn muin- 
rnies, eoHini, fraRnu-nt* of Jtiitues, liroii&-a, 
manuHcripta, 4c. {/Irir. Mat. (luidt lo KrAi'A. 
(talleriet, ' List uf Iteuefactom ; ' Niciioi,s, 
Lit A,,, v. 372). 

[Mnnut'* Rm»x, L 2T~8, fte. ; fiuioiu T*t. 
in Nicholn's Lit. llluiL and in Lit, Aneol, 
eipo(untlyv.30g-.'3-. Gcnl, Mag, 1740.pp. 391, 
413 r nulliorilieifilod.l W. W. 

LETHIHQTON.]/>iLD(l 486-1 086). [Sw 
Mattlujo, Sik fticiuiifi.] 

LETHLOBOR (J. S'l), Iri»h \ung, buii 
of IxiiWMvh, linl flppdan in hi«torv an victor 
in batlV n^iiitt ihu Ilium in oo. Pown in 
S'lO. Ilr WM llien A Irinji nf Dal Araidhn, 
A tetritorj' incluJiui; llic imiilhirrn half of 
Aninn Mid Uio KTvatur ]iuri of Uuwil }li> 
rule only exIoidM ont t]i« toutWm half. 
In SAS ttv repulwd an iaruion of AeJlt 
MacNeill, tml iliirinc his lono; life tlii* wu 
tha only Mriwii uiiftM mult bf ''■^ Kf<mi«r 
UlMar n]ioa Iho Icwor. He bocamn king of 
all Inaer Ubtor, or Ij'lidiA, nnil died of & 
'a-ound, ' nft*r«Bt»d lif<''(.1'""- /'■iVnronn.i. 
Cltil, iuH'l. L tulia was pLThniu maru >ub- 
Jaci to attack from witlioui by tLe Uauv*. 
wkI from ibe land »iil« by tlie iiicrcasiiiiily 
pomrfiil Cin^l Eo^liatn nnil (>irehinll«,iliiui 
Kny olhpr, and ilin clrnr thai Li'llilobiririu 
<IM of tbn motC powitrful of the kiiigi of 
iriidia. Il« wan ■uccoodod iromvil lately by 
hiaaoo (Vniiflicli \* kiiiff of l>ftl Araidliu, 
aiwl, ntlrr an interval, Ba kin^ of Ulidiu. 

[fl»ah of LMnatnr, MS. of the twelfth »iiturr, 
lim. fol. t1, ml*, i adJ i; Annal* "f t'Uter. 
ed. HoDBraiir. 1. Sl.f . ke. ; ilnnnU liioctk^fatB 
EiiMBa. ed. O'DonQTait. i. Aia,&:c.| N. U. 

LBTnCE. JOHN (17X7-1832), popt and 
divine, wilt iif .lohn iMtice. clcTgymnn. by 
Marv, daaghtnr i>f tticbard S'l-u'cumi!. rvclor 
of W vmington, wa« horn on i7 IX-c, I'.'l' ol 
Rnahdn in Norlbamptouibirv. Mis falbor 
dM wlwn he vaa fourtoHn, and lnft him lo 
iJm gutuitian^hip of a niali-mnl uncle, lli- 
Waa cducaieit at (takUnin School, and ad- 
■Bltled to Sidney Siiw«xC«llniiv, (.'am bridi^L', 

, id I (lit!, whoiw kr Ktwluated B.A. 17U1.M..\. 
i7M, ST.K. 1771, and S-T-P. |-«7. He 
bwame a frllow of bi» CoUegv. and in 17lM 
obiainfd the S>«luiiian pTLi» witi) a poeni 
on the (yinvcnion of Si, Pant, which wa* 
pnbL»h«d in I'lU, and waa iviuitc^ in ihr 
Uiian Smtoniaaai,' 177^. In )Un>b l7iJQ 

^Ita apMt ait ^venitig vHib Dr. Jolinion, who 
fra* vltilinv (.'ambndiir. InlTttStuiBOCoin- 
paninl Sir ItobTrt Ounnitq^ aa ebaplain and 
itflcn-lan- lo the Etrili«b enibaany at r"|>«ii- 
haffen. woa ptiuent al iIih palaci> n.> vol ill ion 
in 1771', and >iih<eiiurntly viailed other part* 
of lliecootinviil. In I7MA be waapFnacntad 
bjr bia coUcK« to tite livjnjc of IVajtmarsh 
{riding of IJaaiinn. SutMni ), in 171ll> lie weu 
tutor to tlx* Btirkfnrd family, and on I'l F«b. 
1S04 wa« Minliulnl lo tlw prabend of Sea- 
fond in the diurch of Cbichmler, both of 
vrhir.h prnfenncnta be held till hi« dfialb nn 
i» Oct. 183^. Ill hi« lai«r rnra li« wai 
chaplain lo th« Duke of Hamilton. He wat 
graatlT tiMpectud by bi« pnrishionvn, who 
cnelM a DMBument tn hi* memory.,tice 
muriedf Bnt, a daughter of Jolm Newliug, 

' an alderman of (.'aiiibriJg« ; ahe died la 
Jannary 1788: tecondly, on :i& May 17^ a 
dsuffbi^r of Dr. IliDckley ot the psriali of 
Si. Alary Aldermanhury, cily of London. 

I.cttieepublinhed, apurt fmm sermoDaaDd 
the ^eatonian poi-m : I. ' Lettoni on a Tour 
throiiRJi varioiu jiart* of Scotland in !7ya,* 
Loiiduu, 17al. 1'. "A Plan fiirtlie wifo I^f- 
movalof InbabitaDlanolMiliiarvfroiuTon-nji 
and ViUaffM on llio ooasU of (iivat Rriiain 
in caae ofthe lliiwiiNied IiiT*j<ioii,' London, 
ISm. 3.'TheVitlag>.'Cat»clii»t'(addM<M«d 
l» thff iiihabitnnln of IVu^marah), \i<OS. 
4. ■ Fable* for the l-'in-Kde' (dedicated lo 
the llart'liioneu of Uoufjlaa and t'lydmdato), 
l.uncl<in, iHl:;. •'>. ' Su(,'!;estioii>i on Clerical 
Klotiuenci-,' I»ud<>n, 1-SL'J, He coniribiiMd 
article* on Sc«IIik1i biography, whicli were 
originally iiil«nd4<d »* an ajipendtx to tlia 
woik numbMed I almve. lo th« ' Ruropaaa 
Mafnixine' for I7B1-5. Iln aUo Iraiulatad 
<n'iih Tliomas Slartynl 'Tbu Antiquities of 
1 1 ere ula Ileum,' fiwn tlie Italian (only one 
vol. publiilied, l.u[idon, 17 i^ll.and 'The Im- 
luorlablyof lljeSoul,'aiiui-ui,frotnlbe Latin 
of ItBBC llawkiiia Bruirue ibe elder [q, v.], 
Cemhiidg^, 17116. 

[ Didol* XoRtctlo Dios.TGonl.Uag. I7S8, pt. 
ii. p. «*». IT8D pi. i. p. *e«. 1833 pi. i. pp. 477-9; 
Nii'huli'i Lit. in. vi. Hl«|,, rii.^8■«l.. »iii37J; 
Orwiilatl l\int«lir.; I^ettira'Kiiiiif. la hi* Sogjiaa- 
tiuna on (.'hnrch Eluquencfi HoraA*ld'* Suwaa; 
Waif, liibl. Brit.) W. A. 8. 

LETTOU, JUHX (/. 1180), priotar, 
WBi I he first printer vho set up a priuling- 

Ereea in ibcoity of London. Uii niipiMre to 
BVH btta of forvi^ enlrat-tion. lUs typo, 
wbicb i* of jiomiliar i>xcv<ll»ncu, bo much iv- 
wmbtM that of H. Momriia, a printer of 
Nnpl«a, that it ia powble that Loltou leamt 
printing tham. Ue printed in 1460, thrM 
yi-jir« uflur Cotlon »el up liiii pm« in W«tl- 
miii,ii«T. an iodult^eiice of Si.Uiu IV iwued 
by John Kendall , dee under Kexdai.L,JoiI3I, 
d. 118u], of wbicli at leafti two ediliona ara 
kuiown. Ill ilie »aino year hi> printed, at 
ihe oxiH'tw* of William SVilooc-h, an adition 
bv Thotnaa Ponheth of Antoniu* Andrea) 
■ ^utMitionc* aupef xii. liUoa Slutaphraieie.' 
T» IMl Lottou printed. aUo at xVilcook'a 
I'xpnnav, an edition of Thomaa Walluniia'a 
commentary on the P*alma. About tbo 
Hme time ni* entered into jMirtnerthip irith 
William deMachlinia 'q- v.l, with now typf, 
and Ihuy priiiti'd flvo law-bonka, induiling 
an xdition of Littleton'* 'Tnnurv*;' a lat«t 
edition of thia work (1465°) boara the name 
of Machl in ia alone aa apriiiteTiaeibM Letlou 
nrobablvdied or oDnMaprimiiif; about 11^. 
From tiiecolopbouiotuefinl>i>ii.Vv«iti\\V«i 





Inhl-iiiimri] irork it itpprnr* lliHt liin print- I 
ing-i>n-M wiu cloto to AH t^nintH' Clitircli in I 

tlipCiiy. I 

[AiDM'ti TyjfiCf. Anl'q, p<t. Ilerliirt; lirit, ' 
Hnr. Cat. of l-:<irlj KnKliiili Hnokt I'l l<I4a ; in- 
^ormatian finia 1''. Gordon Duff. «q.] 1>, C. ' 

LETTB, THOMAS (180»-lft7.1XinTfiitor 
of 'LetlHS DiHriM,' sun of Joliii LftrE, u 
Loiifjuii tools bitidiT, bv liis wife Kunin Spici-r, 
was bom nl Slncliwpll, 1(^03. H« 
WB*viiucBli''l nt Dr.Cro'liy'i' M'lioiil at Grucn- 
wich,fin<l l!n'nnpi)ri'ntii:rdtobiiiralln.'r'Bbu''l- 
ni^ffl. (In bis flit Wi (vliriMnciit ulwul Jf'aO 
ho conlinued to f nrry on tbu btuiti>?M. biii 
daroUiihimn'll'fiic^ciiillylu tbi* niniiiifnriiirr 
of dinriiM^ liiilud itinrii-* exiM*illnn|i Viftr" 
Ltlls's tiioi^, l)ul be imppl>vl^d ibi-ni miii 
ndapieil llieni to n inrifly nf ri-qiiip-WMii*- 
Hv 1S3B no IftM thnii tM-.>niy-oi(fht vnrii-tifs 
oi the ordinnrv diary wirro iwui'd, raogin;; 
ftom fooliMup folin. imv ila^to a Mge,lo the 
HaBJIpackrt diarrofa lew iiichMin aiw «scb 
way. Xettd bIhd ii^uixl iiilvrvot rabies, mrdi- 
eol dian«a, i>tli(.->> i-Kl(>ndar«, Tiarliiiinr<iirnrT 
regialen and guidM, ledgvm, InK-bnokH, clr- 
rical diaries, and wiwhinR-booln (cf. Hn't. 
JUiu; Git.) Tho «iln iiniminlly iiicTi'n.»cJ lo 
wvsral biindri'i] ibciuiiiindii aimunlty. and 
Ijfltl* r-fvol"'d InrRL- factoriM nl Nt-w Cross. 
Ilr itC(|iiiri.'d II priipi^rly fll Cbali', lalc n( 
Wifflit, and in lh(Vl, i.iii tliL- oecuMfiii of tlic 
SbaJiwpeHn' tcpcfoiiiii'irj', li" croeifd n small 

Doric tPtriple in llio in-iglilmtiring vrorjilii nn 

a moniorinl m lbi> imrt. TUiB i» *till in In- 
BOi^n fri>m ihn rniici nbcivp St. I'litUt-rint's 
I'olnl. l.ptis died lit OnirnlUo I'urlf, Klack- 
henib, <m 8 Aiij;. lt^7^. und ivuf btirli^d in 
Norwiiod C('mpl«rj'. H* niurritd, llf*t. in 
lf»S7 Ilurrit'i Cory, bv wlioia Ji" fhr.«e 
sons and u dint^liivr, nml <>ii liirdfitlh Eninin 
Horn'Ood Iliirn', by wihi)ni hf. bad «■%*■■« 
cbildrcii. Shortly nfti-r Lotis'g drnih Ihc 
buiiiii'wi wim tiirniid inio a limili^d liubihty 
curapuiiy. bnt in IHSo ibe company wrnt 
into )ic|nidnlion, and lh» ■■nlln.- diary bii'i- 
nci) WIU purcbiiaed by ^[l>M^tl. Cdm^II k Co. 
Tliackeniy, in hi» ' Knund about Papers,' 
No. IH, flrsl pnbliftb-^ilinthB 'Comhill Mngn- 
tinn' fiir Jannnry 1*112, niadn ' I*H«'« Diary' 
thnldxt of aNew-ji-ar'HBnrmon. Hi- dwlurrd 
hisprrfi-Ti'nppfor 'onoofyour No. I'Jdiaric*, 
tht'-f ■bilUnitm cloth bounU; iiillt limp, t;ilc 
odgi-B, ihr«) ond six; French morocco, tuck 
diiii), four and »ix' 

[Iiifiu-niarionkiTidlviiippliod by Thoranii Alton 
Lsild, 0»q., of .Wit iVk.J T. «, 

ISl/i), pbvi-ician. wn» hnm nn 23 Nov. 1744 
at Uit b- Vandyke, ono of the Virgin Inland*, 

\\'(Mt Indit'ii, nl n qmikrr family of Ohwhirv> 
ori(rin. Whun «n years old he was »eol i 
Ktiglarid for hla fducatioii, and came tmdi 
rbi" Moiiiv of Samiirl Foiliergill [<|.v.^ l" 
niiiihtr |ireiacli»r. lie waa placed at tchi 
with Gilbert Thntnputn, anrrward* a pi 
■ician, whow academy wiik (vilrlmiti-d ninoi 
til* Bocioty of I'rifnds. In April 1701 
nun appn.-iitiii-d Ti> Abrahutn Suiclifl, a aur- 
jli'un and ajiuthi-car^ nl Sultlo, Yorh»Lii«. 
Ilur<> LultMin ooquiri-d a good know' ' ~ 
of Ijitin, ond became well t'er«ed in bn 
Al tIh- end of flvn ynars' appreiitic*hip \\c 
wrnt lo [jOndon, inirodumd by Sammd Fo- 
ibiT{(ill lo his brother, Dr. John FiitborKitl 
[q. V.}, thi! phvsirinn. He bwaniL' n pupil 
at Sii TliomasV ll'i-piial. under limjamin 
L'on'(/ll tlie BUf^irt'oii. wii li I lie physioiana Itua- 
v'U. Grieve, and •^"pwiullv Mark .\ ken ride, of 
vi'biiie in.tnners in ihi- b'^auilal li>- Lob Inft 
an rimuMn^ di-scriptinii. tin also alli^nilrd 
til.! Wlur''!! of l>r. I'onlyi-e, but .iccupiis 
hinmdf chipfly with cordiilly uliidyiuj; un' 
lakiMR' notm of the Nt«t, at lluil tinitt an 
unusual pruclicf. and nut pursued by ntiy 
otbi^ pupil of the liobpilal. 

Ill l)i-i"biir I"I57 lie n-lani9d lo the Wert 
Indies lo take poueuton of n miuiU prnpnrtV' 
liTfi bim liT hi* fiiihrr, ili^ mcMt raluabltt! 
pnrlinn of which coniiati^d of fifty iilaT«%l 
whom 1,1-ttiir.m, thouBbjMwaMsod of uo olhtn ' 
ri--Miurf(..^nl uneveniiuici puled. HotbMiweDl 
inlu practiee al Torlula, and in six moDlhVj 
mudi.. alwiil J.OliO/., '^n ibe Ktreiigthof wbic" 
rnpilnl be returned to l.ondon 1/i follow L 
iho step(.of tliepTfal Fnthergill. Intlclobep 
l/fWhi' rntori'dlbn nnivrrnitjof Kdinbni^b, 
wherir Iw studied under I'lilb-n uiid Home. 
ARcrrisitinK sprmil univenilieH mid lieallh 
Tvionson tbecontini.'iil bp(;raduat<*d M.I', at 
lit'vdi'ii on L'O Junp 17iill. with a diiw^rlation, 
'OWrvatiouei. nd virir;* Tbew pfninRnlna,' 
4lo, l*yden, I'llC, In irro bn b(«-nroo li- 
centiate of the Collfge of l*hy«icians, and 
pfinimcnocd jinirlit-i- In the city of Ijiiidoii. 
Uy his maminj" in the aamo year with vbff 
dnii|;htt'r '>f .tohn Miem lie acquired a con- 
■idi-mble fortune. Tin is favourably launched. 
Ills ijuiiktr uonneclioiM and the recommonda- 
lion of Dr. I'otberpill, who iroa at thai, timo 
leavlnti' the citv, i>oi>n bmii^ht him a lat](a 
iiraciicj'. In 'fiiO b"" liecome F,S.A., anil 
m 1771 F.Il.S., nnd nftrrrwordii jointed many 
nlbiT mrdical and scientific iocieliM. For 
many years his income amounted to mtctaI 
tbDuanndii. but bis gn-at inimincenoe, and 
dill mure bin lavieli e.xpendioim, kept him 
in continual pociininrv diiliruhien, m that 
(at he himself nxplnins) constant occupa- 
tion became a nr.i:i'siily, and for nin<ilceii 
yekn be Mvor took a holiday. Towurds the 






cloM of lii« lilW he wu conpelM to put 
-wUb bii (ttbiuhui boiiMo, nrovo Hill, i,ata- ' 
dU, vtIimc lie Wl Klimt imim-iiwi »\uat 
1<ta • muwuna, libnrv. and botiuiioal pinlnL 
This rptnnrknbli.- mansion van diucribvd io 
'<Jror« Hill.n Poein.'Jlo. ITWi [bv llw Rc». 
T. Maurioe] ; * Onno Hill, an llorliruUurul 
SkFlL-li,' 410, 1801. SUnly tnlorv hi* il.iilL 
he euae tnio • \ugr Wv»t Indian foriunn 

LbMUMtbtd Io bun kixl tun Knui(ltoii by ibit 
widiyw (^ bix Hill, I'idcitriDff iMtnia, liul did 
not livr loiijt PiMiusIi tn jinilit by it. I 

Anerdrtr-Grc veBTB'uia-KUintoociljmtion j 
in hid pnfewiuii, l>cllsoai di«il (It )i» 1ioii4i>, , 
SuabrookCourl.IlMirigliAllSlrvet.'iii 1 Nov. , 
ICiri.uidwaiibMripdiatboFrii^iKli^'Itiirvii'g' ' 
.groBiid, Col«iiwn Street, Biuiliilllton-. l^rt- | 
•om Iwd a larm* family. On* mm, fJamud : 
FotluVKill, and two daiijilit«i», marriud K- , 
™>rtirrk to Dr. l*hiliiiKlli<>UaiiJ Mr. Jubii 
Llliull of I'imlii^u. iiirtitrJ liiiu, and left 
M*ite. Si'trral cbllilrL-ii dii><l bufoiv liim, ia- 
cluitiiig hiji rldi-M auii, Julin HieH Letl«om 
1 1771-1789), a phTsieisii of iironiiso (f/rnt. 
May. JaaiMiy 1800), and Uuvst of William 
NaaMw I^tMB [we aJjhi.] 

livltaan wu oim> of iIiit moit mtcccMful 
of tbi* lou n>I! of qiiftkfr phyaiciunn. H« 
yn* not a rigiit (I iin)(<-r. lH.-iii);. lu uw his own 
ironl*, *a rolalili* cri'oU', in )iif> nature and 
••Man dMnseabk.' I>ut hv alwaym attradod 
wonbi]p, amr reiainud tb*' qiinloT iln<><* <»«n 
in tlia preHB«> of royalty. Il<< n'ru a mnn 
at wann hMrt, activw bonnrolciKr, omi ta 
ij^aeh penoTVMiio- and jirncliciil nhill ai t'> 
.HoaN luBi a vorir Urici^ jiractirc. 

Ib medical teiienev Ixtlmm acbijevi'd no- 
tliin^af BOfiMtit.but bo rvadcrwl import&nt 
public iwrrioi!* m a ]iki]Bntbr:)(iKl, laktng 
|urt in ttit- fottndatioB of ««veral nliiabla in- 
KliliitiunM. Ill IT70W iinilodiriTb olbcru in 
fxiinding: Ibi- G^narai Piipuncary in Alclc*»- 
gat0 ^ivfli, ilui linit of it» hind in l»ndun. 
BUd in I77,1 bncMBin onu uf it4 piiyniciAiis, 
whqti bn p<ibli»hi.'d an anonymoua lumpblut 
oilvocntinicila claima ('On tlie Improvement 
of Mixlicine in London oa tk« basij of ilio 
I'ublif Uood,' 8iy), London, 1773). In thn 
next veai be bnvii^bt out * Mistical Miimnini 
of ihoOeMml PifwnMry.'rfinlaininKrccnrdii 
of earn* oti*»n«d ihMv. Hr n]>a awi«t4.>d 
Vr. IlawH and otbum in fotmditiir ( Iil- Koyal 
Hiinunn }<ocicly, luul ibu ivlabtisbmi.-nt uf 
Iho lloyal 8i« It'nibin); Iiillrman-at Margate 
wa« U^kU ditc Io biin, l^ert-idm's name i», 
liuw(r«rr, chieAr coii iifi*t«'l villi ibo M«dic«t 
Socirt* of Ixifttlon.of wliicMio wn» ono of tile 
original foundcra, and irbicli be ximAlinl by 
tlin gin of a Craebold boutf in Jloli Court, 
Fleet Strvri, of a cookiderable tihrarv, and by 
the bnitdatkiit of a gaU medBl (called oftur 

bt> pal roil ' Uw Fcitliergilltan ^ to be givvu 
luuiunllyfor a medical MMj. lli»DwnnnBto 
if still conini«mor«t#d in the 'l^Itammian 
L<«lun.'i' ttivDD in the ooclety. In IHIL* bn 
booasiL' iireaidcnt of thii n«wly founded I'hiliy 
soiihivaf Socidy of London, and eoatributed 
to it *e%-enl Icaturm. 

In early life Lettaom mu a auspoRer of 
inoculation (or tlie aniiillMmic, nidiriK >o tliii 
foundation of ibe Society for Ocneraf Inocu- 
Ution.and publiiking poiiiphlvla on thosub- 
JL-ct.oneof which bmiitiht bim inioacDDtnv 
TCTiy withlU-nry.bnronlHtniidalorq.T.] But 
wlwu vaceinalii'ii tai introduced W botsame 
Au Brdcut adrucatti in print nnd oiberwiie of 
ilie new practice, and vrartnlyBUppurTcd Jcn- 
nKr'i rIniniA to publie rt><.-0(^itiuii. He took 
aim an airlivi; part in proiaotiog the erection 
of n nirniorinl ti> John llowanl. Another 
«ul>Ji.'Cl in which be inti'iV'ta'd bimnrilf wrii 
tlio tntruduclion of thn monsnUwunirl, linit 
broui,'ht into nolin- by Sir Uichiinl Ji>bb in 
17^ Lettsom tmiiElati'il a paiuphli^t on the 
tubject ('An Account of lliL- Mangel- Wunel, 
or itoot of Scarcity.' fruui Ihr- I-'rvnch of the 
Abbi do Commmll, Hvo. 17S7), grew the 
Hwd himself, and imported a latge quantity, 
whit-ii he distribnlnd to fnmior* and othrr* 
in this country as well as in Kiiropo. America, 
and tJieWcat liulius. 'rbodiminutionof in- 
tempenuctt, thu study of anatomy, tlie relief 
of duptrats, the refonn of prisona, the keeping 
of boM. ftc., were other topics which hi« in- 
dofatigable public spirit led liim to take up 
and writ«! abonl. 

Ivettsom'a litrnwy aciititv WM tlio mori' 
remarkable, bdcnuai' raoM of hi* work* at well 
wbiii private let ti-ni wcnr written in lii* car- 
riage while drivlni; about to «>[' his piitii.'nts. 
Ilia multifarious writines may he urrannid 
under three bead*: I. lledieat and *ci«ii- 
titic; U. Biograpycal ; IIL Popular and 
jihilaRthropic. (If the fir*! claw Ibe follow- 
itiR nay Ix' mrntionrd: 1. 'Reflectiona on 
tlif (iencm] Truatmrnt and Cum of Pct^ts,' 
' »*<Ti, 177:,'. ■>. • Thp Nntiiml Hislorv of the 
Tea Tree, nilli UbBorratiunn on its Mitlical 
Qualities,' i;e., -Ilo. London. 1 77:! ; Snd rdit. 
I71H>. An ex^nsion of his Leyden diMerla- 
tion, containing an accurate b»iAoical de- 
Kcription of llio plant, by which ).inn»us, in 
a complimcintary Intlrr. allowed hlmt^lf COr- 
n-eted (I'ucTtuaKw, /,i/c. ii. r)K3). 3. 'The 
Naturalist'* nnd TriiTeUcr'sConipnnion.'Svo, 

1773; Anl edil. 17tH), J. 'Ilislory of the 

Origin of )(edioiae, an Oration at the Medical 

Soc4etr,' -Ito, 1778, Tlie noted »bow niucli 

siiKellan«oiisteaniini;. FrencbinintlKti'inby 

, M.H"',l.omtonondPari».17H7. .'..'Hint.. 

I rMpectingtbuOhloraaiaofUMTduig School*,' 

[ firo, 17eS. 0. • UbMiTsUoM os the Cow 




Pocli,' 1h i-dil. 4l(i, IPOI ((irirntnlv rrinu-d): 
2nil cilii. 8vo, IHUl. lift puliliiW ulsu 
twrtity-iwvon jinpem in lln.- ' Mi'muirs,' 171'-'- 
IHOT], And ttio ' Traiisuclioiin uf tlii- Mi^iJicul 
Hocit'tyoflrfniilon.'I^IU. TlttmosiiTiiiHjrrHtit 
obBurval ion h lliat on tlii; i'!l"e[<.oruU-oli.i!ii' 
exMH on tlic ntiriou«tj-fiteni in womon, con- 
tained in II [inpnr, 'Somi HiMnnTki <m llm 
vol. i.), iind fpi'uli^il in 11 puni|)lili'l ■ On rlie 
Etfvota of Hiird Dtinkma: llo. 17»1. H« 
.&Uo wrolu in (itlii>r invdicul jonnmld. and one 

fkp^r fit n'> inouii-ut in tli? *Pbilo«o)iliicul 
mnBiietiaiif.,' ITW. 

II. Hi« liiognipliica! writintr* wprn: 'l.if" 
of Jolin I''ntliTirill,'in liii." Wi)rkfc'(Rdili'd by 
L^.taom, :l voU. fivo, 1TR3); oni' vol. .[lo, 
J7SJ. Till- ftmrlU rditlon of tliL- ' Mi'innini,' 
Srri, 17^(1. (vintnins alwi ini.-mmni of Wi Ilium 
Cuniin^t Offirp" Clej^liorii. AtuMuder Hns- 
hhII, nnd I'tl'T CultinHOU. He wroli? nUii 
inonioir* •>! Willinm llewson ('Tmn*. M^d. 
Soc,' ml, i. pi. i.), (if Jnnio* .liihnMnnit (I'A. 
vol.i. pi. ii. I, nnd of Kdwnnl Ji^nnor (oral ion 
M .Mcdio/il Swii-ly, W Mnrph IStUI; obi- 
lanrrnoiii'i-of llimm l>im«dulL- (pnmivmonii, 
in ' t-iimpfon Mnjjniinr,' AuRuiit IHIK!) ; ' He- 
CuUwtioiiii of I'r. Itiuibi' F*vu, London, l^li'i. 

111. I^ltsoni n'a» a frMjUi'nl tiintributor 
la tliu ' ncnlb'mua'x Mngnxinc,' i>iiber in bi» 
own name or nainsn p*eiidonyni,itiicbiu'Oiiii 
of ibp I'ltnilty,' 'J. 0. MoltlrV &<'< nndnUo 
to Ihc ' Mont illy l^'d^,' a quakc^r mnjrruiini.', 
tliKTH nleo usinij vuriou» fiBnnlurcii. Many 
of thp-f poduciions wurt- cullMted nnd put- 
Ijftlied vriTb tb? tilli^ 'Ilinlodi-sigiied toFro- 
moW Itont'nci?neH, Tempera iicf, nud Medical 
Science.'-^ voU, «vo, 1801. lie cnrried on 
tCOpioiM roriT<lipond«nco vitli n:ii>ntific m(>n 
tnd doctor* in mrinu* part*, mnch ofwbicli 
i* prinli^ in IVtliKrcwV ■ l.ifi'.' IjpttJoro'j 
own b^ttntu nri- livrlv nnd inliTL-stinK, con- 
tftinin)! vivid dfvirriplionii of t.'i')ntL'nipnrarie<i. 

CM lii^llFom't miiniLScripIs iho library of 
tll» Mt-dit'al^^<<ciflycuniain«a quarto vol iioie 
of his ni>t«* •>( l-'ordyre'« ' liocturva on Me- 
dicine and MuIoriH Mi>dipn;'nnd rinot.linrrnn- 
Mining noic* on ibi" ■ I'rnctici' of lliytirk,' 
probablvC'ullon'ilr'Cturpont KdinburRb. Thf 
Kofol Sli'difal and OhirurKiciil Soricly jkis- 
MMii MX voli. 4tu uf ' Mittcriu Mi^dii'n, itni- 
tBtt'd dfliT I he inaniii-r of Dr. I'Vuiicia I lonii*,' 
foundt-il flppun'nlly on lIoiui.-'« IticturcA iit 
Edinburjili. I7(>i-(i, 

llie Sledirnl Society nntwases an intpTMt- 
iog oil pnintins by Modb-y of ita rnrly ixwm' 
bpn, in whii'b l^tlioni occupioi n prominent 

K.ofi, and nniitbtT uorirnil of bitn in oiU. 
err 1j nn rnBmv«d port mil by \\'. Skidlon, 
181T, in l'plliBrisw'«'l.ife,'ouu bv Ilulliiwuy, 
ncf m-uvi, in NicbolH'^'LitL'mrylfliKit ration*, 

iL 81)7, imd iiiiiiibiT by Unlloniiy in ' Euro- 
pean Mu(rMili>-.' llBrfmbiT l.S7<i. 

IrtAtjoni'iirbl.nt RrnniUon, Wii.tUM X*s- 
soN I.Ei-txoH I I'lNMiU.ii.mnn ol'lc^itcn.wiui 
Honof Juhn Mi<rni JA-lliom. M.I).,by tCochcl, 
•Uiiuliter of Wiltinin Na'i^>n, und was bom 
4 Ml. I71N1, 1I» puwud fiviin Klou to Trinity 
Colln)ri-,r!inibridir»-,wben}li««aduated ll-A. 
in Xrti** imd l^ii,and von tlieptiiM 
for ilie Ijniin ndi; und twa migninR in 1816, 
nnd tliul forlbcndoufrninin 1617. PoMMMd 
of ample mi-ans, be devoird luilifetoartudf 
of lili>ralurv, bolb antientoiid modem, lui 

Imblitbed an ahie Iruiialiill'in of ihe ' Nibe- 
nng«nlied'nith Ibi.- litk' >Tbc- Full uf tbo 
Nebetiin^em ; olliprwi'" ilie iywV of Kriem- 
bild'in lAAG,and i?nr"fnllyr>iit('d fmin tliPBii- 
lhor'» manmitTi|iIii Williiini piidnoy WnlVer'a 
' ShoI(e»W'nrc'» 'eniificntion' llf'ii'll nnd bia 
'Critifnl Kxiiminni iim of llie Tpxt ofSbnltt*- 
iiIipure'(l***HJ). Ilia friend, .\luxBiider Ujec 
[q. v.j, ■fkuun'bidip'd mncb aid from Lcltsom 
in bi» preparation of bi« edition of 'Sliak^- 
appare. f/'ltsoin aUo inlerMled hiu)B«ir in 
Ipxtnnl RriticinmofllipNi-wTMlniiw^it. lie 
dipd on n S<Tpt. lf*05 nt ^W^tboumo I'nrlt, 
I'nddini^nn (Gfnt. Mng. 1(«K, ii. ;i»0-l). 

[Hcmoin of J, C. Lrllnr^m. trilh a auleclion 
fnim hia Corroapondcinfo, ly T. J. rplligfcw, 
Sitidti.aro. ISIT; Nicliol>'i> Illiwlr. il. AST; 
Micholii'p Lit. Anfcd. To1<. ii, lii. i*. (hw IciIvx); 
Gmi-MiLg NoremlNTlSU: KuropennMntr-Jutifl 
1 7lt3,DiuvliibM 1780, Novimbcr I Hl.^ : Autb> ntii> 
Afemoir* of Physlriiiii' siiO Siiriprinx, 9nd i-iiii,, 
aro,18ie,p. 100; Muiik'nColl.uf rhys.ii. S87: 
()corRianb.fii,ii.417-:.>1: SiuilliVFrieDdiTBodu, 
ii. lol .7 , OoiiL Mfijt. UBl. 1.387-1 J, F. P. 

LEVEN, Eakia or. [^ev Lsslie, Ai.ex- 
Dxviii. tliird KAiit., 1860-1728.] 

LEVENS, I'lCTEU {Jl. 1687), scliotw 
nnd mnlicnl wrilflr, waa bom 'nt or nnnr 
lOjikf in ^'orh^bin",' und procrcdixl lo Oxford 
in lil'iL', nppnrvntly I'l Mnfidulen CoUcjfe. llu 
WUf udtiiilted ll.A. It July loolt, '<k»A elecled 
pnjbnlioiier-l'idbjw of Miii-dalen 'into a Yurk- 
sLirL' pluiv," 10 Jnn. IrViT, and bvc-anie "true 
and jier|ii.'1 iiid fiillow," .Iimiiary l-ViB. Ho 
stipplicolrd for M.A. I'Vbninry lAriR-GO, but 
tlin dnie nf his iidmiuion i' not know^. Mo 
*ub«''i]uenilT 'Inugbt a frrammar iwboot und 
pmrtiaed piiysic' Wood alylea bim "an 
eminent plivsioiun.' 

He publ'iabi^d: 1. ' Mnnipulua Vocabu- 
loruiu. A I)icti(>nurieofEDgli«h and Latino 
wordM, ftrt foribe in »iiclie order, as cono 
tiervtofore lioiti l>i>n, tb* Kngli^o fToinj; 
before ilie I.nlino, nfcn*»nrj- not oncly for 
Scbolor* tbnt. wniit vorii'lie of wonb, but 
lira for tiucli u use lo write in Englith 





HMtre. Oaihertdaadftet (brill l>v P. LimIiw, 
Anno lATO. tinprini«dai liondoDhTlIcnriv 
DjvneDMB, for John \V«tpT.' The diet ion ncv 
<«BUin» • pTcbcv to th« rcodi'f nntl n iltnli- 
cAlorr IftibT to ' tbn rijiht u-orabijifiil M. 
titutlry,' tmMiiriT erf ibu mint. It h viilu- 
kble for (he liitbl it tlirowii un l)ie ci>iilciii- 

Enuy pruQuocintiuii uf Kii^lidli wonl<>, nnd 
■ been Kprinl«J 1>v llie Cumdoii Swirty 
(, l»67,4iu tiind ihc Early IvnglUhToxi Sidrir 
fl887,t>T4i>,iuii]erth«i>(jit(in>hipnf Mr. II. It. 
WbMtlejr. Mr. Wlii-ntW ■uppllcj « pre- 
Gtca ttnd ■Ipliaheiickl index lo both cdiiioiu. 

, Th« ralun of tbi' dictioauy wna first iwinlml 
out in Mr A. Wkt'i «litian uf the ' Prump- 
forium I'BrvuliirumVt^'Hind. Soc.) 2. 'A ri^lit 
pruGtubli- llouk for all Uiwam*, oJlad tlw 
PkibwHvio Health: whemn an mortcxeul- 
li-nl ana aporoved M^diciiiMof ffiMt virtuo: 
an bIm itotnUn Pnti'in< nnd Drink*, nnd fur 

'Uila, and oilwir enmrortabli.' Iti'i'i-i^tt,' Lou- 
don, I6S7, 4lo. Tlii* bu a prvfnni u<*fendini; 
the use of l)ic vulf-nr turi^uv In a lunmo'l 
wnrk. ll bi-ciii»r|>ui»i)ar, and in* rqirinlcd 
in lOOn, UUt. ItlSJ. ItVM, lt»l, 1084. 

[Wood'* MUaw Oion. cd. Blin. 1. filS ; 
Kami, I. I(U. loA : i'Tvf.v.1- Ui K. K. T. Sooi^iy'* 
nlltioo uf JI-iBijiulBt V'li^Lqiliiruin,] R, 1>. 

LEVENS. UUHEUT (lC16-lflM), roruU 

iat. ;St« l.EVISX.i 

LEVER, SiK ASHTON (i;3&-178«), 
eollvclor of tbe Irffveriati MuMum, aldi'M ton 
ofSir JanKX [larvr T.ov<-r,bni|f)it,bviii« wife, 
Uorotliy, dniiclili-'r of ili* lUv. Williani Aah- 
tdm.bonint Alkrinitton.nrar .^fnnr}ia*1«r,o«i 
r> Mardi \T'Jii, won rducaiMl at the Mnii- 
clinlrr BrainQiiir tdi'iol. and malriciilal''d 
t April l~^^('oqi()fil.'hriBli Collpf^, ( >xfotd. 
Atlvr Ivariiig Uxford. and rnidinj; fur huqii.' 
years at Maachtatcr with Lis niotbrr, )ii> 
aeUMat hiiiM<at ai Alhriii^ionllall. From 
fail puHt vi-an li« bad a paMion for horaeraan- 
(tiii). ti»l'I-»ort«,ardin7',and wa«aaard«qit 
colIuKtvr ui TMT varied cfcjrcta. Al fint ho 
collected livn uiid*, and ui* arinry ut Alk- 
rington waa ilwa reputed to be ib» iutt in 
tlw kiniploDi. About 1760 be piircbued ul 
Punkirk *eTi>Tal bocsheada of fon-iga iliuIU, 
■ndf<>ra linii' bit wbolo atf«iition was takoi 
up Willi ftlirlU aiul fouil*. Slufl«<l birdu next 
oMvpicd lii> alti^nlion, nnd u1liinHi<~ly all 
Iriadaof aainral iibji-ct' and Mvn^it cn^Mimm 
ami wtapono wrn- add«l lo ibi; ciillpclion, 
whicli berain*- fnmnuH and altmi^lifl munT 
TultorB. In 17T'I h«wna iaduord to rvmiivit 
hia miiMuna, to wbkh be pt« tbo name uf 
tko ' nolowbuHkoii,' lo l^don. TukinK i 
LaicMlar Uoim', in I^imier Squar«, h« 

iil!M»ixi»en rooms and varioua MaMgoaand 
sinircMcs w'il b his ciirio«ili«'«, ana adrertiaed 
ibat th^ wttro to be Kwn Meh day frcun t«n 
lo four, ^admillancv !>*. 3d. vacb person.' lie 
wu n K^od Dutiiraliirt, nnd ■ man of rnried 
accompli*]] menu, but (tTtTwrccimlricindniM 
•lid maaner, Madame d'ArUaj ba» loft a 
cnrioua muturo of llie grolMqiw 6pm he 
imivnied when she riviled the muaeum in 
\7r*-2 (Vitiy, ml. Barwli, i. 400). 

Kxenuivo niiilny on ilie miiMum impair^ 
bia fortiini'. After it bndbren valued before 
a parliBmcntary comniittt-o nt ■'iS.OOO/. it. was 
olTcrLsl al a modprnte mm lolhnilriliiJi Mu- 
fciiiu in I7t^t. but ibe inuseum triulrwi de- 
clined ll) buy it. In I7B)4 I^v<t ubtium-don 
ni^t of parti uinviit to diapoii; of it by a lottery 
of thirly-*ix tbomand tiokela ut a |-nini^a 
cBob, of nhicb, however, only eight iboumud 
iviTi! Bold. Till' mufeitin fell to n Mr. Jamei! 
PiirhiuBon, nhci rxbibiicJ ii in a building 
i-alled the Kotiinda, eroded for the pnrpnen 
on the Surrey aide of ttlockfrinr* Bfiilpi. 
Hero for '>oui<< years it mu one of ibe aiKhta 
of I.nndon, but evvnlually it became ne- 
ffleHpil, and t\i-^ owner dispersed it by auc- 
tion in 1806, tbp lale occupyioe aixty-flve 
davs, and the lot* numbering i,(fT9. The 
miff cat4Llof;ue,<.v>rainilRdbvFdwardI>onoTan, 
fills 410 pafr». The collection ia ul»o dc- 
ecribcd puttioUy in (J. Shaw's ' Miueum I.o- 
verianuui.'Kli:.'. 4io,aiidin A.KIIa'a ■ ViMta 
to the I.ri'erian Museum* (iiitendL-d for 
children), Umo, A number »f Levcrian 
(pocimena ■^• yet pn>«pn*d in Mr. Syer Cu- 
ining*!! colloclioii at Kf-nnin^iion, Surrey. 

Lever waa liicb •li'-TifT of I.ancanhire in 
1771, and waa Uniffhted nt St. Jamra'ti on 
fi .Iiine I77S. After the diiposal 'if bin mu- 
••'tim he retired (o AlkTingtoii,anO died sud- 
denly nt ibe Bull'a Head Inu. Manchester, 
on I'l .Ian. 1788, aced bS. He taurried iu 
1 7 IU Franco*, dan^bler of Janiee Bayley of 
.MunclicMcr, but left no children. He waa 
greal-unclu to Charlea l^ernr the nnvnUiit. 

Portraits of Levernpiieiir in the ■ ICuroMiin 
Motfaiine,' t't^l, and Bainu*'* ' I.«ncaaiiir»-,' 

[Eutopoaa Hag, Juniinry l7St p. IT. Ali^iut 
1784 p. 88; G*nl, Mj*, 177»pt. i. p. 319, 178S 

ft, i.p, 179: Uune'i K»« B«k. ii.SSS; 
lalDCB'i LAiiciabirc. ia:i3, ii. .^S.'>. Itid. I'd, Cn«- 
lun, ii 391 i Chiitmi'ni'ii Itiuu. I)iri. xi. 319: 
WhcaiUy'* l^midun fMi nnd Prewat. IHOI, iL 
381; Ogvlen'* Ari'lierr. B Topin, I7W, PfK3S,S3i 
Ogit^'t Po*ni «n ihe Miwnuni st .\lliriiii:lon, 
lii'l ; WiKd'ii PkhjiivI of .M audi cater, a Rieai, 
1813. p. 23 1 Nnim and Qucri» in UaiiehMtfr 
Goaplian.SO Feb. I87T; Tnuu. Idoe.aadCiieah. 
Am. .*.y. vij. 223; Fitmrnitd'* Cbarlea Lever, 
1870. 1' 4; Tnm Taylor* Loinalar Square, I&74.1 

C. w. a 


l!:t7-l, noTolUt, iMTond sun of Juium Irt-vtr, 
wiv" Ix'TO in Dublin, 31 Aug. ISOU. SlraiigiOj 
mi'iiK-l" 'n 'I'" °»*' "f " vrtiler no cliuniulcr- 
wltaallv Iriili.hUiincf^irv wasciiiirvlv Kiig- 
ludiou tliL- iinlernal Hidi;, W fullier.a l)iitIil>T 
yrtih some uTDluiuioub to nink ni-au nrdiitcct, 
and a noplii-n- of Sir Aphtoii I,cvrr Iq. v.|. 
luiTing cnoiu to Jiylnnd fmm Maiiclu'slrr 
Kri>m him I.i'vnr oppirnr* to linvi- inhenlfj 
hin cift of vivid iitory-iplliii(i. ll!!i iiioltivr, 
J uliii (originnJIy J uilith 1 C'lindlrr, whb u\m uf 
lCii)j;lifllt iloiMiil. IjcvMT.n'bii ill bovliuoil, 0*1)1 
eeivetl a ratW tenimblinit kitidof ci)ii(?nli(>n 
at VMrious private atlmiil", and in Deiolicr 
1822 I'lilnroil Trinity Collr'K", Dublin, wlirrL-, 
tliitughatnnysnu'llconiliiflml, lirbyiioineuns 
disiiuKuiilii'd himni'll' hh n utiidi-nl. Hu did 
not ffriidiiiiiL- iiiiiil It*:^?. u deXay wliicli iniiy 
buiU'L'oiitili-U forby Iliot'iii-'t. il' fuel il be, thai 
he v.-val uul In Qiirbtc in vharifi- of nri I'mi- 
gniiit Mu in if^Ui ; but aui'li an irili\rruptioii 
ol'liin cullpgi- cutvor nt'Oiii* iraprobiiblr, iii>r 
could ho Liavf>)iad tbv TVijuii^ili' ijunlilicutimi. 
It il Inorii likplv tlinl tli>- vnyiigir Icmb pburi- 
in 181*11, whfiii bo ic known on bin o»n uii- 
tb'irity to linvp vi<iird (.'minda. Hl- liud 
ulri'ucly. in lis^8, truvolk'd in Ilullund uiid 
CiL-rmuny, s]wii<iint[ aomo i.'un»id(^niblu tinii> 
at I.l'jtlingi'n, m'h6t»Laatudit.'dmF<lii-ini>niid 
imbibi'du tatiiii t'lffGermantrtudoiit-lifi^'omii 
of wlion- fiDiti'iinn be aftTwanlR irrKli-nvonnul 
to npfliniiilii'i- in In>!iin(l. On liia mtiirn lo 
Dnblin in l!^) Im cimiinurd tbi- study of 
mi'diuiiie at StPVPiu'ii Ilnjpitnl end llnf 
Modicu-L'hirurftioal Scboul.but fail<--d to ti<iA» 
his Maniinutinti, [lu ncv<:rlbi'li.'s^ obtuincd 
the iltftrtv'.- uf buthi-liT of uiBditiiti" fn'iu 
Tririiir Colb.'gi- al midsiinimcr, |S.1!, and 
gnecm»»ivly bidil ai>j)i>ijitmrnl» nndi-v ibi- 
bnard of bimllb at KiUtw, riarn, tind I'ort- 
•t'-«art, (iimil'a Canwwuy. Tbi' clioloni 
■Rui lUi'ii ill the land, and tbi' bonrd was 

tiriibablv not vrty particulnr. In IH33 bu 
i>sl bull] |iu mils, n lid citbt^r I'ontraclfd ur 
avowed iuuriiii(,i> wilb Una Calbvnne Itakvr, 
ail ■■arly friend of bin yoiilb. To tin* union 
hi* fdlln-r bail bwii itrutigly opii-wM'd, Tbo 
lady bad lilile or ii<i ni<uin*, and iiltlioii|;h 
I.Rvrr bad inbnriind half of liiii falbr-r'* not 
iiwiinjiibrnbli' propirly, and n-i-ma to bavi; 
i-njojfj a fair imicticL- at rortilewart, wiint 
of t-conoiny mid heavy Iomps cit cardn scion 
bnniKht bu affaii^ iulo a vi*ry •■nibarrntued 
condition. Uu bugali to turn hi^nttention 
to liivnitiin) as a resource. He bad al- 
ready contribiit>-d to fhf 'Iliiblin l'niver»ity 
Hagauni*,' then Tt'rJ'ntly eslablishod. and in 
F«Mnary l>^:i7 he ncbiwod liis firtt, and \>ei> 
haya his greali-sl, tiliTrary iiuccei?, wilb ibr 

lin>t iiutalm<^nt in that nia^iiiie i>i ' Harry 
l^rri'tiiicr.' Wiilnniju-'ni nnmburs ijiily ilwu- 
(riitd Ibe imprvsnidU, but Juki u L^viir'ii wut- 
lion sii'int-d awun-'d bn I'liniook Imlanil for 
Uruospln in ISilO, on an iuvilation from Sir 
John Cmraplon, aocr^tary lo the Britisb ctn 
bna^y in Ut-Igiuin. He aeeiaa to have tliuu^lil 
that lliia palroDS^e jnaliHcLl liis dmcripliod' 
of biinsidf a* pliyiiciuQ tnlheambaMy, wbiek 
liT' tu-ri^rwai. I li^npvnrtlwloM obtained uood 
(iraclii:!!? and un entry to the bc«t tmctdty, 
while Ilia pwi wan exci--i'dia(jlya<Tiivp, "llany 
liOrroquer ' beln^' immcdiaii-'ly fulloircd b^ 
'Cbarfefr O'Multey.' H'biL'b uIbo Eml apptiarod 
ihiT inntl popular of all bis woriu, and tlua 
by 'Jack llininn ibi- nuardjman ' iti 1843. 
Tbuw: worlii am urt1>«j^ and alniiut fnmileMi 
ibcrititlui-nci^ofMiLXWell it plainly dincnruiblo 
in Ibeni.aiid tbi^v art- xnid lo buTc ovviwom^ 
ibing of tbfir iuspirulion to Medjaahnn, tho 
irlinMvd niaiia^'er of tbe ' Uublin I'aivcnity 
.Mn^'Btine." Itul Lever's early iiovrln diaplay 
hii. bi-al ijunlilies al llleir l)eNl— bis animal 
Hpirii* and rnllieliinR glee, Iii« cupioiu and 
cllt'ctin- aiiptdole, bis Tioiver of I'lgoronti, 
tbuiiKb by nu mt'iiiu miIiiIo, ileliuiuiltan "f 
cbarni'ler within ibo rango of hi* own ax- 

Detpile iheir itnperfeciioiu, Lever'a early 
writing mtui« tlie fortuim of lh« ' ])ublin 
rniveniity MaitaKine,' and in April IMi b" 
r«lurni'dlollnidin on accepting an iiiiilal.i< 
lo Ix'comu itA I'dilor, ihu* del^iiitively aban^ 
doninft nicdii-'inc for liiorntuni. I In ktcrUj 
improved till.- itaH' of conlribiiton to the 
uiii(.'a(iui', and wroli; for il one of bin moat 
cbutai-terinl Ici novidn, 'Tom Hiirk<? of Uura,' 
iHtJ. -Artbar U'Leary.' 1811, follovred. 
IIul I.ovor never fell very comfortable in his 
editorial cbair. I'olitiaa couhl lUfl lie ex- 
rltidcd, but th«y ConM not. be introdnrnd 
niiliont 411'rion* olTeiice to many, and from 
ibis and olber cau*i-> I^vrr fmind hi^ll"^lf 
exposed lo a aeries of irritjilinit ■quabUen, 
wluoU triad hU temjier mom toi eri-ly than 
ibey need have done. IJe tbouL-bl it neces- 
i>ary on one ooeasiun to pnveed to l^ndon 
to rlialb'iiir>' iiianiuet Carter Hall [q. v.}, and 
unotbi-r iini>' ba waa luaself diallangvd hj 
Dr. Ki<n<'iily,whnu< contributiom Iw bM baan 
obliited to purjcc of inufii liboUmia mattw. 
il in iiMitriT'd that bo could and did diachuso 
i.\-ery debl. The tnont ponvtful cauae, how- 
ever, tudrire him from Dublin «ru tho ^aflfT 
be ran of abvolato litentr dcarUi. Wua 
ennfined lo bis editorial antlea. lie could on 
longHT go about obe-inin^ nwin and storing 
bin mcniorv wilb anocdote. His noxt coa* 
siik-rablc work, 'llio O'Donoghuo,' 184S, a 


Killamer, ow«il its czlMciioe to 
KlieiUihrWMit iti ilul diauiei : in ibe next, 
■Tbe KnigM of Gwviint-,' 1H47, an« of bis 
beat bmlur Iw Ml Wk upmi liiMorv, ntid 
BVuM IitiBMtf of coBUca|Kjt»r7 mnnwr* of 

Thackero^r rUitrd Ijtvvr on his ovrn Irinli 
tour in itM^-^, and di'iticntHl tii bun liis 

* Irith Sketch Bwrlt.' IIf frankly iraRiodbiia 
MItMDdt bb lit(^rar<r tenikMicv ioextrai«cajieis 
and in (imoasl Jniercoune tuunely odvbecl 
bim Id ((iiit Dublin for 1/ooion. C»'m, how- 
«VHr, prefiTrwl the continnni. In IKifi lir 
MUntidliumlitoniliip.RRil inUarwiulivinf; 
■t iHriMM'tii, fwturiHl, bit layi, tn iiin iut ttfty 
piMSik, biit Mill ■piiamiTly dhvini,' nliciul 
with bia carriflKv «ncl pair. After wandering 
(or two yenrt nilli km Taiuily ovvr liennany 
and Iial^, and ileaag lilllo work excem de- 
millovy wriiing for in«saxiiM«, ho witM nt 
FloreDceinAnguMlW?. Tliwwhftproducod 

* Tbe Martinii of Cro' Mitrtin,' a Ene picture 
.>f Wnit of Ireland lifi-; 'ItoJond Oulurl,' 
IKSO, tha uMteriab for which vr«i« partly 
draini from hia ooniinenial (operiHww, and 
which t-spwially illuMratM ilic irnnf'itiim 
frGm bti twrlbtrr to li>« laT^r et vie ; and * T)ip 
Oodd Family Abroad,' ISAS-l, a pictnm of 
Ei^lifli life OB l1i<> oonlintrnt io nbirli hi- 
■ppean mon* in thr lislil if a, rvllrclivi- 
bamouriM than piv-vi^uidy, ami n)i)i!h, Iil' 
Mfa, w»* bslU't bk«! liT liim.wlf anil \i'u 
inliBiate fiimrb. and It-sn likt-d by fhe public, 
thao any of hit bookii. TbMV workft inny hv 
far Tilburr TrBiB|i,' *Difl^ and NdIi-i of 
Uonctf Tnmplnlon, I6i9, ■Cm CnRnn,' l»Mlt 
(pnbliabnd annnjuMiulVj and welcomed by 
uut preu «■ the pri>daction of a funnidabte 
c«mr>ctiior), * M>unr« TWmnv,' 1M2. ' Sir 
' A Ubt's Hide,' pul>ii«h«l in • Ilnutphntd 
Woni*, Mti'l m-paJiUcly in IBfiS, win no nn* 
■aoOMSfnl llint DickMiM odoplRd the iinumnl 
eoOTM of annnufieincbvforcliaiid thcnnmbcr 
whh wliieh il woulcf liTminale. 

In 1N>7 I>^*i.-r «n9np]K>int«l British ci>a- 
■u1 at Speziia. uu iiflicv wliiub coiiipdlcd him 
to live tlien. Imt which eeeois to )Mv« been 
olbvrwtM oIuuM a Mawnn<. Hin prinripn) 
liMraij vaformtaem during hi> midencc 
irm : ' The Fortnntw nf Gh-neoro,' 1857 : 
'UaveBMtt Piuui,' 1K69; •Uno of tbem,' 
ItWll ' Barrinitton.' IMK; 'Tony Uiiilcr," 
18(15; -A l,'*»i|«ii;i»-r at HiKn*!.' Iftftj; 
•Liillroll of Arran. imr,; and'Sir Brnok 
Fi«|jr»vikf,'IWHi,Li;iowii rnvrjurit«i among hia 
roveli. bat nil! rvmoikaUv pipiilor. 'Corne- 
liua U'itowd nptin Mm, Womnn. and otli«# 
ibiags ia gonend/ 1604, a Miric' of *afays, 

originnllynpuMrfd in ' Blackwnod,* and ob- 
I tainrd conMilorably inure viiccHfS than it d«- 
■rnri'd. It «bnwt.<< man of ex[i«riv4icc and 
une arvd not ^ br to hear, deficient in nrl- 
triniitily, pn-gnanoy, and point. In 1^7 he 
ty«i<«'d ill-? fonHiilnhip oE Trii-Jit* from l^rd 
IVrbv. with tbe obiXTi'iition, 'Here i» «x 
hundrvil n year for doiny nothing, and yon 
are jiiM tlii' nrnn to do it.' Tlie iocraued 
(olon: (caroJ.v atonnl for tLpun«uitai>Ipn««t 
of Ihi; pott. The clininie and tocieiy of 
Trieetew«Tedct««tnbloio l^vcvihia win, to 
wlioiB he waa teodrrly oitaclied, ricknied 
snildied. Ik- fell imocontirnied bad cpiriW, 
though nlwavB able to nOly under conK^niol 
citv nnnlnnei" — nbli'|)r(iduo«anoTvlor 
con«iclnr«bb' morit in lim liclion, 'Liird 
Kilfcnbbin' ( li*~-2f. Ilis other worka of thia 
penorlwere: '(WaW riK^rald'aCantineala] 
OoB<ii|>pin|t*;' 'The ITraEnteifhB of Bitbop's 
Pollv.' l^-*: *Tbr.t Itorof Noiwoit'».'l«»; 
'I'aiil Hw-lell's C'onfeuion,' 1870. He could 
not, however, ohako offhi* de|>rKuon, which 
wa« partly occtuioiii-d hy iiicipirat diai-aw 
of lh« licnrl, partly br the fixnl idea, which, 
when hii rnlntion in iii great contirmporaries 
is conaidered, cannot but appear moat ground- 
less, that Iw bad bmn unfairly ireatrd in 
conpari«un with nilni-i, and liad been lel^ 
behind in the ruceof lifp. licriaitod Ireland 
in l''71, and teemed alt«niNlp|y ill trrrbifth 
lio failed irnidimlly, and died auddenly thrrv, 
from failure nf tlw heart's action, on I Jun« 
m'lf. He hnd contina»d to loae at carda to 
lhela«t,y(a his aDiiira weiv in Jietfect Order, 
and his fnmilv wan not tinpmv»ln) fiir. 

A collevtwf edition of Im worlin in tliiriy- 
thr«^ voluniee was issued between l»7tl and 
IS78,andarepriat i* now in eoiirse of publico* 
tion. 'ThnConimiMioDer,oTlvLuiuiticoIn- 
i]uin-nit(i,'IK43,»oniV'iimee ascribed to Lerur, 
in by (i. I'. 1[. Janies, nlthoUKb Li*ver con- 
tributed a jirufnce. ' Thn Nevilles oft tarreta- 
town,' by ihe Itrv. Mnrlimpr irSiiIlivon, )• 
niao wrouftly ttjuocisttid with l,i-ver'» name. 
Roiidnlnh Abbev,' and ' Major O'Connor, hy 
tli« author of CkarlMO'Muller.' -Tli" Ib'Ht 
in a I'Utud.'lAitfl.tliaagh included in l^'t-rr's 
collevied workt. it believed to be bv n dAUgh- 
ter(('f.AW»niiJQMr/iNiv.7thaer.vf. 111-12), 

Lr^'irr's noveU. uiyii jVnthonv Trollope ill 
his'.Vulobiom'apliy' (ii, "4- Til,* nn- jiiM like 
hia convenat ion ; ' and he add> : ■ ( »f all i he 
men I have er«r eneounlervd, be wan tli* 
Buri^t Aind of drollery. . . . Route liim in 
tlir middle of the night, and wi| would coaM 
frumhim Imforehewoahalfawake.* Lev«r'a 
gnal misfortuitewia 1« beau author witboiu 




aufficicrni lili-rnrj' vucntioii. Hnd hia circuin- 
vturcvfl beL'ii i^uhj. liv prubiiblv would not 
liuvv written at alt. Ills i^arirpsl Hnd mo«l 
pojiiiliir writing* can UarOly rnnlt m lit^rn- 
iur^. ihriugli 1 hnif vijioilf and gnii-ly, iind thi> 
«ixcr>Uiiil dnercioMB anil iipiritpd Mitiji* willi 
wliirh thi-y urpintrmiH-ntiliWillnlwiiyiirfn- 
dc-r iliiMii nltriiclivt-. Hi- is uIuiobI di-ititiili; 
of inTcntion ur imri^'iiLutiuii. Iiin jii'niuiiii['vii 
tn gravrally trsnicriuts fmiii tlie lifL*. uiid 
hia incidMili storiit told nt ai-conil tiuiiJ. At 
a laler jwriod in IiUcnrvt'r bi' nwukp in «'>ino 
tneasiirii lo thp claima o( nrt, iin<i i>xhiliil«f! 
mora proficiency Rf^n writer, tritli U11* dMnins" 
to hi* cliamctc'r n* n IminariM. thun mirlit 
hBrcbwncxuorlvd. ThclrHinilioiiisninrlti'd 
hy 'U'llnnJ Cmhi-l,' Imi iu'tilciiiMru'lieflrst 
<lFlilx-riil<.-U' atleiuptrd aiiulysii nf chanolAi*. 
XlJftl'v;Lil('i«liLiD«iili.-d<liedi4ni>iie«ronoeof his 
roliicliiiic spendthrift* iind diired«vil lieroB*. 
But lii* liilor wnrlin ■•\liibii l'>n'tir 1 men at 
fixhuiiflinn nnd (Witv lliun i> umial with 
Tolemn wriliTm. Tim rflorvMOencu of animnl 
apiritH hiis iinLi-d subsided, but Ihc naidiie is 

Soo raeuns Ininc^ or ii|)irllli!s.i, and tlic? loss 
wuT[;y is biriitlr coui|wuttaled by gTvalVT 
ulteiiliuii t» liuiah, iitid to tlie rvc'iilnrily of 
const ri Id in" !>B*eiitini 10 llie novel, Ijtier's 
beft pamui;,'!-! of incident and deticTiptinn in 
both bit I'lirly .ind Inti' novrli. ari- vpry cttec- 
t.ive; liis diliiisciii'M, which ji'ldiim iimtimit* 
to tediiitxsnia*. may be excused mi Ibe re»ull 
of Btriiil publiCtttiuii. He bnd s'j liltlu of Ihv 
tniHic iuBtinCl Ihiitbu ould iiol, be lells ub, 

writo otberwiM thnn from luontb tu iiioiiib. 
For hia niililnry noveU, liki> ■ Maurice 
Tiornay ' aiid ' Tom n\irlii' ' — by ninny no- 
eoiinliMl hit boat work — be dmvi'd niueh in- 
fonnalioo from ' Victoifn*, conijiii-ie«, df- 
enalrea , , , d«H Francois de ITf^ 11 ISIH* 
(IJi vob. \t*a5). 'Tom Iturh--' is MpediiUy 
Taliiabl» for ita tH-rirutuI of the i-uthusiaBiu 
exciie<l by Najioliyiti I, and of (he life of the 
Iri»h exiles in Pdri*, wbicb Mib-j Hyrne d*- 
pieted biilorifallv in hi» ■ Memniri. ' (ISIi.1i. 
A» n porlmyer of Irinh chnrneti'r I.rver Im* 
been grraltv overruled. Hi* friend Major 
I>wvi'r justly i>(ifL-ries tbal his uburininnl 
IriKlimiMi are fjenerullv of a luw cliiw. hiii 
fai^ro^ and Ix'roiiirH aliiititl iiiMiriiibly En- 
glnh or Anglo-Normnn. He ha»d'ino tuiich 
to p<T|ictuulo eiirrent •mint na In lri«b chn- 
metcr, not that the Ivpe which Uv depict* ia 
unmul, but it is tar hum univeiiuiJ nr even 
gimttnl. loBlend. therefore,, of lukia({ rank 
&a Iriflaud'a cbiuf hiiini.iriat, be is pucilively 
unpopular with Tri^lnnt'ii df Mruo^- national 
feeling', who nccitse Iiini of lowering th« 
national c-Iiamctor. IIo lins not, bowciHr, 
Actually ini*trnrcKonled nnylbiii^. and citn- 
nol be censured for eonlining lunii">lf to ilie 

society which he knr^w; nor was bia talMit 
udnpled for llic in-aimeul uflrith life iu tts 
muliincboly :ind ]ioi:l>cnla?t>vct8,t^'enif(liM« 
bad bei'u moTii nimilinr to Iiiiii. In hU ova 
ebanicicr be exhibited nomo adminble uid 
many uiiiinblelmiti. lIi*failin)(«w«T«cbi«<t]r 
t hoseincident silo the siiiiKiiinetemmnuiMint, 
uf which, alike in its ments nnd aufocta, be 
waa a eio^ularly unmixed example. 

Levor'a char'acterietic extrava^ncM are 
clnrprly parodied by tlrei llarte m bia tale 
hy 'a popular author' eniitlod 'Teirpnco 

[The chief Ruthority fur Invar's Lif* la tho 
J)i-i|trn(>by \iy W, J. KilTfatrii-k. 18T0 : ara abw 
Wobb'B Coinpi'odium of Irirb BiogTupby ; and 
Raid's Irish C'lit.imt ; for his iirlj- ii/n •<• nlao 
two pfijiirii un ■Tim Yi"ith "f riiarlos I.OV**,' by 
Hkinfmiiii.Uiil.linl'iiiv. Aliii;. 1 880. op. (S6, 6T0- 
HitnoTclsaTBreviQWC'd iu Blnek wood for Aagtui 
180ii and hi*Ken(ml litorun' chiinii-lor la ratlitr 
savrrnly SfclrniHti-d by Mr. Ueorcs ftiinlnbilry in 
Ih? Tortnighlly Kefiow, Tol, luii.] H. O. 

prt)le«innt wrilev and poni, wna (iducnted at 
Cbrift'* Col lagTt, Cambridge, but. did notgm- 
duale ICOOPER, Memorial* of Camhridgr, ii. 
31'). rrvin the dediciitionii of his vnrioua 
worha it appears that ibou^'b hu bud taken 
ordi>r* he waa unable tu obiuiii a beoefice. 
Ilnwroi^: I. ' Queeiie KliMljetb'B Tear«8 ; 
or. biT resolute benrin^ the t'hriMiau Cimsa 
inflirli-d on li>>r by ibo pormciiting huida of 
Sleiiim Ijardnin', Riship of Winchoatvr, in 
ihe blnodiu time ofljiicene M one.' I to, lx>n- 
dou. 1U07. II curious but louR and dull poejn. 
'2. ' \ Crucifixe ; or, a Miidital ion upon Ku- 

Seiilnncf and ihu Holie Panion.'ltu, Ijin- 
on, Iftor, nnoilivr poi-m of thii aame nicdi- 
ocni (jiiality. lEeprintiJ by the Itov. A. B 
(Jrosan in the 'Fuller Worthies Libmry, 
InTO. ;t. ' Heaven and Kiirtb. Krligion nnd 
I'olicy; or the mnine diH'i-rvnee biawci'ne 
IWijfiiin and Polii'v." t*vo T.i>udon'. 1608, 
4, 'Tliplloly Pllf-rlmv, Imdiug the way to 
h«aven . . , In two bookes. "Wriiten bv 
C. 1..,'Sto. London, IfilJt. JS. ' Tlio llistorio 
of ihc llefendotn of the Ciilholiijiie Faith, 
IJiseoursinit the *iiiio of Iteligion in Knff- 
land/ A:c., ito, London. lUi'T. (?opie» of all 
lIvcHB works an* in the Britinh Museum, 

[CoBWf's Colleflnnca [Oi^lhnni Soc ), *tii, 
Vi6-62: Hiinicr's Cliuru* Valiitn (Brit, Man, 
Add. MS. 2*,(»l ), V. iri ; Laror-a Worka.! 

I}, Q. 
LEVER, DAltCV (17fi0?-lfl37), writer 
on ii^amutiship, bom about 1760, vns the 
eldeat non of the Kev. John Lover of Duxton 
in Derby*liire, and nephew of Sir Aahlon 
Levwr'q, v,] In Januarj- l770hewBBi;nlered 
in t\it> Manchester school, lie aflenrordB 






mat out to India, wlinra bU Uf» u vaffutly (lc~ 
MribedM'atomiMvbfliavnDlfulane. Eli* ad* 
x'enlorM miMl hnvr InkrOkiuutiiAldiMrtioii, 
and would ww-io loo i» liavi> bnii {iroliUblf, 
asborclumodloKimUadnt u l■ualt<unllivl.■h• 
«•rly ^(« uid apuBTcallir ill (bi-i-nitiyiuviitof 
«C(Mtti<itlaUi:lii(ti!pvniduDLt>. iDlSOShepub- 
Uilwd at Lm<1*' Tbo Youutf Set Offiecr'aSlMft 
Ancbur, or a K«; to tli« LtkOing nf Rig^inK 
uitj lo PractictI SMinanriiip,* 4io, dndicatrO 
br penai«Mon to ttin lordt of tlio adtniraltv. 
HtfWMlbenliv-inirat l^icdii, andinUieuilro- 
dDctioaia;^* that lh« work vrn.i plsnoifl many 
f<^i> before Bod wsa tbr'U liiiirhi^d ' for thv 
ardTaiitac« of B younc f^itlpmaii vrhodu ill- 
diDationii led him to tbe cboice ofa «ea-faring 
mis' It bad au immniiale siiccvw and con< 
tiitii«d fur Marlr forty ynam tlm tMt-book 
both in lb»K>^I navy and in Ihe tnRKaaiili! 
aaiino. l^vi'r aftcrwanbi Mttled in t'otito- 
fracl.aniil toirard* tbocnduf hia lifi.' divid'.-U 
bialinii- bclwa-n Atkrin^on Hall.iii^iir Miin- 
ehvulvT, tliF ririfntinl t"iit of bis fiinilv, uiid 
KdiiibUMb.wbun* hv dIvJ. :!2 Jnti. l»94. lie 
married EilicabvtU, ouly chiM of tbo Ri-t. 
WilliaiB MuigaiToj^, and liy b*r bad ^gbt 

(MoocbMief School Itchier. edilo I by lbs 
Ror, J.F.Siniili, k. IAfi(Cbaihiim SocKty'* Pub. 

li. 6M.| 3. K. L. 

l.^'i),iiia«t«irofStwrt>iim lii<'[iita], Durhnm, 
<ma ft Dalivn of I^nradiixr, nnd n T(i<iii|ii>r 
teoUutrofTbainaji L«>vi!r[<]. v.',ao>ti.-rnf !!t. 
John'* CollnfTP, Caro'irldjiP. Ili- wm bimwlt' 
•dacai'd in tbal (>o1Ii-k<', f^tdualiii); )t.A, in 
lilt47-t\aiHl l>V>I.Bud bcinftadmitl-.'d 
a fellow by lli« royal viutursoa 4 July VtiS, 
Dnrinff tli'e reipi uf tjneuu Mnry lie was an 
Mule for roli^ioit, and h« promUy n«idcd 
with bin brMbtirThoioai: nf j^urichaud.iai'ati. 
On t1i« accMHon of Klizabcib be returned to 
England, and wm nln-ti-fl o wnior fnlloworSt. 
JakB'aCollcRr on 3U J ul V 1 -Vith II A KEK, ffw/. 

TrSl. John'i, i-d. Mayor, i. rtl*.") i. (>ti 30 Julv 
GtfO li» was inC'>Tporaii>d M.A. ul Oxfi>nl. 
B«1wr e(<iD|>lniiu thtt Lrvvr, Tbnnm'i Carl- 
Wright, William Fulhe, and IVtcivbI Wi- 
bun, wbil«! fflli>w« of St. .I>ihn\ ' infecti'd 
the collifrc irith an almoat incnrabl« dij- 
aflrction, and Uid tlic lu-rdit of our tittooood- 
iii^diTuioci«*(A.i.l4>^>. Ihiriasthi^nuMtrr- 
•lup of Leoaanl Kilki iiitton he hud h Iuons of 
Um iBBiior of Baow^boanic, in Fordham, 
Oambridgealure.altlKwigh be «-«b a f«'1Iow of 
tlte M^Mge; ibis farourwas ahowii tn him 
bMaiuti bi! waa Ili» oiMtar's oountryman. 

In 1M.1 b« bocasw rtftder or tutor to 
Walter Dmr«rw», aftarwarda &r*l ntrl of 

FUsex [q. v.] Oil 5 Nnv, ISitli li(> waa pol- 
Lnt*'d lo ibn p^ctory of Wntiliiiigloti, en. l*ilr- 
linm (SiRTiitn, Dur^iu,iL-H). Iln 21 Aug. 
loliO 111- bKump arclidnacon of Nnrlbumbcr- 
Innd. and oa 17 Oct. I'lOT hewiw iailallrd a 
canori of DiirbaiiL In I')73 lii.' rmif^m^d th<- 
BTphdiuconn uf Nurthuiubtiland, and un 
IT Nov. l&tr> li« wad i-iillnivd to tbi- ricb 
Tvctory of Sianbopn, Co. lliirham, t>!8i(;)iiiig: 
Wiiiiliiiigloii thi'n or man aftomnls. Dur- 
ing tlu> faeaiicy in ibc to>- of Durliom occa- 
MOncd by iho Jealb of ItUbop I'ilkington bo 
irox appointed by ibo dean aud cliuptvr cota- 
miuury lo r.\HrGiM ejpiaoopal jurwdiction, 
aud 111- with Kicbiinl PawcMt, auolbur pre- 
beudary, prMMited a eiiuplii-Hii'in to (h« 
qiiren mi 30 March 107>, («mplainiug i^ 
tun grant of Uiaws by tbo d«an and chapt«r, 
and drxiring rxn^mi from ber mi^intyby n 
royal Tinilnlion, irdr vatrnttt {Staff Ai;t», 
Hom. Klix. vol. cxi. art. 48). On 16 July 
1577 he won cullali.'d to thr ma«l4induji of 
Sliirrbtim Iluspilul, vut'HnI by tbv dcain of 
hrH brotbtr Thomas, and hi» soou anorwarda 
n-eigiied lh« rM^lory of Stanhopp. lie nas 
crt«t«d D.D. at Camfaridgo in 1A78, uudur a 
enico which datf* that ho had stndifd tlieo- 
biDT for twenty vi-an (uIwHiiicntly In bio 
ta1an)c tbe degruo of JI.A. ft'iiiii'Klt. Ati^mt 
Caittabr. i. 607), In loW diiiiulcs amao 
botwMn Iiim and Dr. Barai!!, bithop of Dur- 
ham. On 30 Sqic l-'rt^3, Iiow«vlt, Biibop 
Bamae wroli' to Mme of the jiuticu* of ih» 
peace wiibin tlie county paUtlnv, ord«Tin^ 
ihMD to giv« aatisfaotion to L^ver for the 
TTon{[a don* to hja hoopiial by awmuaenta, 
impnutioQi, and taxoi foi bridg«o and other 
mniti-m. Un 1*1 Feb. lfiW-6 Lorer wmm to 
l^rd rtiirj-hW, rvquptittiic him In fnrwurd 
in parliiiiueiit tliv bill, which toon afliTwaids 
bei'aino kw, for tbo ineoqioratiou of Sber- 
biirn ItoHuiial and tbe rectiflcatiun of abiuea 
thnt lind lonKciifitfdllieirvia. lie died about 
M»rph l'.>*J-5. 

Mil worki am: I. 'Tbo Awnrtion of 
Itaplu- l*vi-T toiichintf lh« (.'annn Ijiw, tlie 
Enelish Fn|iialn, and thl^ Ecetcwaslical 
UIKi'iu of tbie H--ii1tn, wiih bia raiMt hiimbli? 
Prtiti'in to Her Mi\je«ty for R«drM),' printed 
in St rype'- ' \ niiaK' i. JKIT-OO, folio. 2. ' The 
ntiMt noble, aiinciont, and teamed plate 
called th« PhiloMphm gam", inii^iil«d for 
thn bonwt TeeTMtion of Mudrntfl, and other 
•obnr puraon*, in poiuini; th" tciliniwiini. of 
, tyme to the rcli^aiM-' of thi-ir labours nnd tbo 
«X«rci»o of thuir wiltt-i, . . . llv Knfi- 1.j.>ult, 
andauj^enlodby Williain] P'ii1kc]i' black 
l«tter, lyindon, l'><tjl, H\ft ; d-^licaivd by 
James Howboihiim to I.or<i RoU'rt. Ihidley. 
Kuike piiblisbrd ihia curiotia wnrli without 
tbc author's conicot. ICowbotbum bad in 




1M2 publisiied 'Ttic rivAiiMiint md Witlic 
l'laveoft^leC^|..'ai^l(l^'l»l»oli9dieate^^to Lord 
DiiiIli'V. -■<. 'The Art" of licMon, rigbtlv 
tt-rniwl Witirnft, Ij-dcliinn n ppffpcl vray to 
Anfii-i niui lUipute,' Ijimclfio, lo'S, hiiuo; 
<Ifdiuiil4<'l to Wuh«-, eurl of UiMfx. Tlii» i» 
onn of tlic rarwit of curly IJngliiJi iwaiiM* 
nn Inipi*. 

(Coopi-i'i AlliCDv Cunwb. 1. so; : A<lt\>i. MS. 
Ji87>'i, till. '!} h : Btydgn's Cnnium LUcrnrin. 
1808, Tiii, :ill ; Oil.frfSWIo I>nfier!i(m7-H0) 
pp. 640. 041 (1S81-!I0), pp, 13). I'ja.-J'iK, 670; 
ain-pD'« Wfirkt (grnuiut imloxl ; Tiinnur'* iMA. 
Bri'i p. 4:9.) T, C. 

{l''-l-l'%T7), piiriliin divlni', bom nl LittU- 
Lmvr in liflopiwliirp in ISL'i, wn» brotliLT of 
lUlph l.i'Tcr [ii-v,] ill? (jrnduiilacl K.A. iit 
Si. John'* Ci'!U'i;i-, Cniubmljte. in lo-l\-'2 ; 
■wiu cltpii.ll. ufliT beiiif- rv-JHOi-yl in the pre- 
YJoiw vt-'ir, junior M!'>w in ' 'il3: iiroci-eileil 
M.A. m lS-i'>; w«» iiilniitli>J a •oiimr fiOlriw 
on 3 July ]'i4>i, nnil n pnilpp' pmn(-ln^ 
39 8*pl. fillowine. .\l ("nmliriilirc bi- inndi- 
the acqiminmncii i>f Ito^rr A»clinni [ij. v.l, 
and hp wim tana a loiii!i-r ol' iW i-vtri-inc 
partv of pnitpuliint ryf:>rm'^r« in lli-- imi- 
vcrsity. Lntttin ie461i«aud HoKcrlliitcliin- 
•nn c'ncn)^!cl witJi Roman<>lii?'> in n 
divpuUliua in the cn11«iR« concomiiig thn 
moat. On 3 Feb. 1'>4!)-W he pruachod in 
tbe SliroudsalSt. I'mir^ in lyindon, and lii* 
puritan X'-al Ird tn sa invitulion to drlircr 
flprmoon b.-foro J-^iwjird \'l nl court on tbu 
founhS'iiulny inllieuniiuingl*nl, 16 March 
iri4tl iriiji). In April li'> wh«oim of tliu di- 
vin>-» who vainly ■.■udeni oiiivd to conTinci) 
Joiin IlocWr (Joan of Kwnt) [g.v.] of ihv 
urfrir v( lii^r nimbapUMicnl opininnn. On 
10 Aug. I'j'V) h" B^.-nw to haro bncii ro- 
ordaintd dnnciiii by liidley, bialion »f lyin* 
don,Dnd on 10 Aug., prieiii. On 11 Dvc. be 
prwicliod niSt. I'aiilVOtict.boldly denuune- 
in|[ thn corriipli'iii" of (■oiiit-mp"rart sneiely 
and ibu n'';;Wt of eJucaiion. and making 
interoalini- ruf«MiiOM to tlip rnnirmpnrory 
eiindiliou of Lis own univpniily. On 10 Hon. 
IGni h« wa« adroiUed nuMi^r a( Si. JnhnV 
Ooll^gf bv rovnl mntidatc, and bu protHwdod 
B.n. in l-i-2. ■nufinp Unt KiM S.wbun Kd- 
vriird VI wnn lying ill. l.*viTa((iii!i prottelwd 
Bl court, and Knox u■^>ll■ of lit? ^t-nngn, 
' Tlie iroHlic and fL-rvi-nt lunu, Miii»t>rr IiUVPr, 
plani-Iit^ Himlt ibi- d(<»iilntt'i>i of ili>^ rommnn 
iic«ill. auit til" plngii'* which said fallow 
flcborllie' (KNni;, A Gailli/ lytlrr $f»t tuthf 
Fatill^»U i'» Lnnd-at, Sewetutlr, llanryk, 
■tr.1 lln tbe drath of the king, \iexcr »iip- 
portrd liio cMiunof Ijody Jnno Urey, and fit- 
*uppivln~ith the DuUh of Xortbniubi.'rlaud 
na Ifi July 1W3, irb«i dio duke visited C'am- 

btidfln tn pniclnim Ijidy Jaiiv i|u«an. Two 
mnntb* iilti^r ( .Mary* acoawon, l/ei«T 
n'Bi((ned xhe mnnli-wbip of bis collnitp, ant] 
lied lo Znrieb. Tbirru ho made thr ap(|«aint- 
nu(?a of liullinRL-r. and travcllinh' Ihi-ncr bv 
wuv of lA-ntibur^, Di^rnc, and liuusannc, hr 
arrived at Geneva on LI Oet. WA. At 
(>«n«va he rc^iilnrly nTleiuled llie lectnrw 
and Mrnions of Calvin, lletraeat Zuridi 
aipun in the autumn of l&At, and wbiln al 
Fmnkforl in tlip >prinK of tho wit ¥f*r 
iiinilL- vain i-ffurlH to ri-concilo tliu faetiosi 
iritu which lb(.> eonlroveny ^^9|H■etin;; tbn 
liturn^r bad divided ibe Euslisli e.xilee. Hi' 
n.'tiiriii>d lo Geneva, and lato in lAuA tbo 
Knglisli oongrejintion at Wtsel offered bim 
tbrt ntu>1nrat«> tliaro. Tin Inft Qnneva for 
Slnubnuriiin Jnnnarf l-Vi.. It,appariinlly od 
bii way lo Wi-npl, but hin plam cbntiKud, 
und in l.bc followiniir May be wiui ut licrno, 
eunlL'inplatins a Yisit to the Kni;liib pro- 
testoulH ul Botle. Finally, in Septeimbn- 
l-'riil, be became minister of the uni;!ish 
emit! reiitnt ion ni Aarnn. 

(ju'iTn .Mnry'a dnntli rendered his rfilom 
111 I'lngland pouibli!. fin riTi'iri-d a liMnM 
111 li-pvr Anmn on 1 1 Jan. l.).)**-!). lie wan 
»oon ofturwarda hiiiily pppacbinj? in EtiKland. 
hut ii^ured bis cluinctw of vri-f"'rment by 
announcing; tbeo^inion that Eliiab«tb ought 
not to acoept the title of supr««n« head of tbo 
ebiiTcb. About Junel-WflbeiTM appointed 
rector of CovcntrT and nrchdnncnn r>f ibe 
onmc plafii.'. Un li Sept. 1.')C10 h*i imMo • 
|pt tor to Sir KntiidnKnoUyi' and Sir William 
Cucil duiirribing tbu popidnr tiKpiciona 
aroused in Coveutrv and it* nuigbbouttood 
liy the mnCerious death of Lvicealcr'a wifi*, 
.limy RoWrl. lie uriA-d ibe fulleM in- 
1 e«l igstioiL. On 3S Jan. l-';<Id-.1 he became 
ina><t4>r of Shnrhurn tlrmpilal, Durham. II* 
wa* a momlMir of convocation in l-'il!^, and 
lip wua nnxioin tbui ibucburcb »bould Bdi>pt 
I'ulviniKlic forma und practioM. He wn* 
promoted to a cauonry in Durham Cnthedral 
<m Jl Fell. l-ViJ-^l. but be conscit^Ulioualj 
objected towearin^a 8arplice,audpi«tei>te(t 
im i?4 I'Vb, )l>M-<t, in n letdtr addreMod to 
l.i-icc*ttir and C«ci1, airainsr tho nilnncinK of 
miniatoni who ahnrnd bin viewn. In 1A(I7 hi* 
pen^t coici' in liis nonconfonnit ylcdtbrbinbop 
to deprive him of hiioaaanry at Hurham, but 
be remained nrcbdeHCon of (Virentry und 
muster of Sberburu lluspila), and reiH-uledlj 
iir>'(ieliediuablnchi.'')wnin l<ondon tttiurcboe. 
In.f Illy ITiflH he delivered the wnnon al tlM 
I'uiiond of William Tumi>r, denn of Well*. 
Thrpp y"-nr» Intor ht- and nibnr purilnn mini- 
ster* were cited beforfl llii: court nf «ccl<>- 
lioXintl eommissioa for bruacba* of church 




dUfiplinc. On 18 Juii<' l^i77 tlia Binhop of | 
iddiDi'lil uid Covcnlnr directed him, in tlic ' 
qi)(*n'« iHiBi!. la cii|ijrre«s Ibu {irophvsyiiiKi 
wliicli 111- mpoiiTBgra in hi» nr^li'lvBoonrr. 
lit Vft l.ondiin for ^lierbiini in Jiitr \!>f7, 
■nJ ilini m» tiw ro«d al Wnn?. tte wnn 
burlcil in ihi^ rli^ncl oftlt-* rhiijMil nf Shir- 
burn fl<i"|Hlnl, b>-ni>al)i ■ liliwi mnrliW ■tiin^t, 
on whU'li nrr innrrilnid lh« word*. ' l'i«aclicr 
Id Kin;,' Kduard VI.' 

Id '! -■ "flG-jO hi- nuuricil n widow 

with' "<ni. A daughUT vnabornto 

Uim 111 J nil i-i<«t,andfa» luid a m», 8aiD|iwn. 

l^viT wM, according to Itak«r, a man of 
'much naluml jimbitv and bliinl ntitin> 
honmty.' ' Vtrmrhing. ind<i-d. huk li» iiili^nC 
Hi« aennoiw KMnublod Lnciin>'r*i in tlidr I 
blunlUM and l»ldiwaa, nnd hi* tvputntion 
iroA miile by bia ali&rp rebukw of tlie 
cioiini>-K wti'n (ireacbinfc befon? tklwsrd VI. 
Bakrr, tliA liitiofinn of 8t. Jxhn'it Collates, 
Cuibridm, d"*rriliod liini if ' oim of th« 
b<Nt miMpT*, lu itpII HI on» nf tbn bcHl men, 
ill* f^ill*!!* i-vi^r bmd.' [ii> a\»i> Bliovrtd 
mach wi«;Ir dirvrli^d «u'rj;y nl SliBrbiirn 
Huxtiltal. wlii-re lit> waa suewudi-d by Ilia 
br'iilx.-r Kalpli. 

Liwrr'H irurk* were ; l.'Afriillful Sprmoii 
mad* m PotilM Chitrcbe, at l.ondoii. in l)ii< 
ShmaiW, tbaSacoiide Da t-o nf T'oUiiAn I '14^- 
IJUOi* l^oodoatbv Jolin'l)av» and ^Villlam 
S«n«).8n>,0Apn)lAJ>0(ltnl. Mna.> 2.'A 
Ouiiioo |iraaebMl the iiij ifnaday in l.ait bn- 
tote y Kjvsvt Majoiic, and bii bivnoaroUo 
C-ounMlt, Anno Dofniiii Mrmci'l,' Loodon 
<bT John Haw). 8To.d Aiiril bViO. Suine 
litl^-p^^ o^ ibis wraion <le»cnhi? ii emmi- 
oimIv a* ' p(wh«d vfl ihtrd Snndat o in l.flnt ' 
(cf. 'Sit-HOM. Lit. MfM. •>/ EJietird FI, 
Ibitb. Club, Tol. i. p. irxxxri; SniTPB, 
&el.M*montl4.\i.2>i}.273). 3. ' A l^-rmm 
pnacbi-d at I'anU Ooih^ tlw> xiiii llnv 
of OcMmbn-.' IiOodoa (bj John DaT«), ■•ViO, 
A*a(IWi<iI'iuil; raprintM in IST£ 4. 'A 
Mitiu c ion npoQ tlU Ijjfrie's Pra5««, made 
ftt flaynei* Mary Wol^hiirr1i» in Ixtmton, 
Adao MiiLi,' l.nadon (bj John l>aT«), 8ro 
IK\. n. *A Ttraltw of the ligai Way 
tnm tbx l)anit<^ of SinDO and V<ntfnance 
is ihia wirkt-'d Worlde, unto OikIIv ^V('lllh 
Klld Saltaliun iu ChriUOi' Umivvu. luiitl: 
nirwty auipiiMili'd 1'h I, London Ibv Ilonir 
Bynnnnian). ^to, I>J71. laji. Tb<i aormoiii 
DumtHiml 1,3, and 3 wemraiswed (»» ' Thrw 
frnirfull Tminni, now BowEe jwrnaed') In 
UrvDT in 1^7:) i l^mbalb and &t. John'a r;oI- 
lqi«. Canbriiti^), and tboj w«m rvprintml 
by rmhaMir Arlwr in 1971. 

To John Br*dford'a 'Oodly .M«diiations,' 
1«im1«i, IGfii, l^vur oODtribulal a pw- 
IW 'showing th« tnio iinderstMidin^ of 

Ood'» Woril." nni! ' A M-'itlintiniionlhnTonlli 
("om mull 1 1 111 pill ' Is'-- Itii\iii'i)itli. ll'iviU, od. 
TownwjiU, i, ritiTi, 1*1(11* I. Siiiie [inivi'ra by 
liimnpiwn-iTi ' Aenli'Tiion bv cnrcain godly 
leanii-d men." Ijindon (by ^^'illin^l I^ir«11), 
n. d. (*vci, and \iv hdivj to oompose 'An 
Adtnonltiun to ibi- I^nliumrni for tlK< ]t«- 
formaiiiin of Cliurfh 1 W-ijilint.' 

(Ci>Op"r'» AtliMiiBduUbr. i. AGR-il, {•Uj;Taii- 
nvraKilii, BriU; Arbrf'sM-print of I^i-vrV thrM 
(ormoaa prtf. and tnlrod. IN71 : linker^ iUiL «^ 
St. Jaho'a Oolli-ua, Oumtmil^i', nJ. jiayw, aap. 
i. )SO-A; Jilrvpa"* Work*: Le Serci FmIi ; 
Ni«hoU'a^t ofEdnril VI. ] S, L. 

USVERIDQE, UUniAltlt 1 1U70N 
I7fi8>, vo«li«t, songi-wfiliir, niid L-omiKuet, 
w»a bom in I^ndon nbnut Ittro. ]I« mug 
in tlie celabration of St. (.U^rilin'i dav in 
1G05, and is «aid by Itimbixiill to bnvi- hwn 
a miebrity at Itnrtlialoinrw Fnir brfoir tht 
clow of lljn ci>ntiirj'. Levprid^fi.' wn* nl*o 
a mnmb«r of ibo llrnry I-.ant' oinjHiny, and 
took Ditrt in thn ' IsUnd I'niici»'-,' ut iklti-rcd 
by MoIWiix nnd rnriT«! in l(!HO, wiih 
niiui« compo»iKl by Diuiid I'iir(v)l,.l>>r<>'RiiBh 
Clarkir. nnd himsplf. Leci-riils"''* " Kiilhu- 
sioftick S-iiij; ' vrat lon^ u iiujmlar iitimbi'T. 
On il X«v. 1702 ■ MaL-brth^ wu revived at 
nnin- I.nnn, 'with tocuI and iattrumental 
miulc all ndw compoted by Mr. Levcridm^ 
and {wrformad by him nnd oiben.' iTiu 
minic hfl» not bnon idimtitiiHl with cpt^inlr. 
It MWDu improbablp tbnt it wnn lbi> iDii«ie 
])0]iuUrIy amociaicd with ' Marbi'th.' which 
»evin« i« littTv b«™ first |iro<liicHl in lfl72, 
and, although aai-ribMl incrrrirl') Mntthpw 
Locke [q. vJ, is with trrvater |irobobUily aa- 
»lgniiA to lienrT I'lircell |'j-v.] lafidental 
mu.<ift to * llaclM'tli ' vraji imd tor many atti- 
s(in« at Drurr Lone, l.incoln'a Inn FMdt^ 
nnd ' i'n)bably by thn «*m« com|<nny' at 
Oovirnt (iiinlrn in ir.Ho and follnn'inti r(<nni, 
bi>in^ advi-rtisiKl oh 'tlie mviaic pso-ptt to Ibe 
play.' lBl738ntCovMiiGafd«n ■.Macbeth' 
wa« announced 'wilblboorisinftl music,' and 
Ije*«iridg« aang. Ife nsuallr took tho part 
of Il«cata (cf. WxipoLB, l^lltrt. vi. 3;i9), 
Bi^lwiHin 170-1 and 17flH Irt-vrndce »AUgix 
Dniri- Lnno in thr mrivaU of Purcetl'e 
opi^rasaQd n)nac|Du«,'FairrQiiniin,''Timonof 
AthL-us,' 'AmpUitrion,' ' Libcrtino Dxttroyed,' 
• Tempu&V ' hinR Anhnr,' ' Indmn (iu'twai,' 
'lEdtpiu;' between l7U&and l7IMiii lyjcke'i 
'P*ycno:' nnd in 'J\r«tno^,''(^llniUB,''ltasa- 
molld,'aild*Tho^lyrie.' The opera eomMiny 
migroMd to ibo Ilaymarkrl in I70A, wImn 
Ij«nridm took port in ' l>oi«'* Triiunjib ' 
(CiRiivt:), ill 1Uiid<-r* 'Faiihfnl ^bopherd,' 
171:*, and in * ThoMu*.' I71>'L From about 
17111 to 173'J h<9iuiQ([at Linuoln'a Inn Fieldf 
Tlieat rv, with an interval of ret irvinfnl about 

Leveridge 144 

17l(K-20, wlien he kl^p^ n pofflir-hQiise in To- 
vlRtock Struirt, Ooveiit nunlmi. 

SiibiHK|unntly I.i'T«ri(litn wiis cliitfly cni- 
ployiKl tn llir vofiil oatcriuinmeni ^\vva 
bi-ln-oi-n till- iicU" of pinva, »in([mp* his owh 
bulluJs and iioDfpi br f'urc<.-ll aiid other*. 
Ho repteMutMl ACorlin. Plurn. Mornlioiw, 
Sitenut, ftiul otluT huavy imitIa hi Itivh's 
MObomimea rroni 172** m Kill' at l.iiioolu's 
Inii Fi«ld«, ami from17-1:^l<i 1761 nl Coveiil 
Otnlon. Mill limt boiiefit parfariuauce waa 
■dvortiMid by bim in vitm.- to tnka plate tm 
Si April liol. He WBs theu piglily-oni?. A 
■ubvcriptiun of oov I'liiiica [wr Hiiiiiitn won 
openixl in liin bi^buir ul Ourntwuy'* ('ofli'^i:* 
hotue on 2fl Oct, 1751 (Daily AdivrtUer. 
S8 Oct. 1751 ), Hii<l l.tivmitlgK wu* mipiHirtiil 
inbia oMo^ by hi* friends. llnvraaucbuiT- 
ful compiinioD and aiLrictly b<in«L luun. mid 
■waa in good spiritu up to n fc'W buuni uf hi* 
doalh im tiJMnrch 173f*. II<^ lind bttn miMed 
by nn only dmij'litvr (^London C/ironirM.yi'T- 
Imps tlit^Mni. I'lirrult to whuui W l^ft all hi* 
i^flei'ia. ill u will ])rovod u ireett uflcr douth, 
but sif,'tii."l ill 174<1, 

Th^ty is an pIcIkmI punniit of Lirveridgi; 
Iw DikIJ, wfor Krv'.'; a lur-Moliot. oval, ' O lt"a«i Brfif ofOld KnRlimd/ by A. Van- 
di-rmynf, iifti-r F, Vinidt-rmyne; amMiotiul, 

SiiBr'", hcildinit music, by W. P*>lli»r, nft«r 
I'rvn (Bbumlry), printed on n rwdnrawl 
BOjUe ior 'European Mugaiinp,' October 17B3, 
And B print rHpresuntiuK Li'vi^ridp; ond I'in- 
ttetliRian ou a Btnge in Itdnholoiiiow Fnir 

Leveridgij ng(sl nin diicp bniw voice without 
innch nn. Ilnn'kini rcC'irdu llvil in 17W 
100/. Vias ofl'^red (or ii wugLT by LfVi-ridgf to 
'•in^i n lilies soug with uny inau in Kn^liind.' 
But in 17l'I hf wu cnlli^d 'Old IjovnridB^' 
by Mrs, I'eudarvit; and lo Riimny's pnr hi* 
Style iu 171-1 HiN-uiod iintpdiliiviiin. 

Leveridj^i' ci^uipoifHl, bf-«idp» the worku 
noticed: h ' BriltninV lluppiiivns,' anuDlvr- 
tainmonl iH>rrortni-d in thi: mauuiT of an 
Opprn, 7 Mnirh 1701. ul tin? Lilt!-- Lincoln"* 
InnFii'l'ij.'nic-n(ri'. L'. 'I'yrainuMinilThishe,' 
a coniM: mnsnu'^ i-oinposoJ ' Jn the high «tyl* 
of Uuly.' nii<i tFimpilod fkim Sluikfjn.i(im by 
_.ini'ijin'» Inn KioldF, 21 Not. 


Lt-vi-riUL'V ; Lini' 

1710. liuvurid^ii also piihliahcd n col I cert inn 
ofiou){s,with iliomiitictin iwonmullroliitnii'B 
8vo, with fiwntiapincp by Uo(;ur(h, 17^7; 
W>d'AN»wBoolcofSong».'17aO. TlicreiBin 
tbn Music Cntnloguc of the Brilit'h Mii'eiiin 
iJbrnrya hit of about one himiltvdor Lt-vtv 
tidge't aoaga and diuloBUus, the best-known 
(^ which are ' All in the Dowiu ' uid 'Tlid 
Roast Berf of Old Etigland.' 

Oldya wrote in his notes to Iiiinghuinc'j 
•I>rwn&ti<4Poote'(p.277): 'DickLcvtridga** 
Histor; of the StJige and Acton iu hb own 

time, for theic forty or flfiy vi-nrs iiimt, a* 
hy Ii)ld me he hud coiuiion-d it, i* liki'lv to 

Iitoyt; whenever it shall up)i<far. n more pet- 
eci work' (i-p. than CiirH'B), Of this history 
notbinff furthfr is known. 

[Iliiwkina's Iliat, of Mutic. c S27: Uurncy'a 
IIi*t. of Music, iv. 'JOS ; Hiu-k't Crlebnitiona, 

£p. 3(1. «1-S: DxWiy'* I.i-llora. i. 102, 12j; 
rovo-» Ilirt, of Muti.', ii. lie ; W'tllcr's Iiupo- 
I risi liivi. iiL 1S)1 ; llpjmley'* Cni. ofPorlnitii, 
p, SdO ; Mates mill Qanriiw, 3iid mr. tii. ilO, 
3pd lor. vii. 31 ; LiHi'lim nenipiipcni, iro2-A8, 

Eumini ; Mrs Jiilinn Mar»hiill'« tlimdel, p. 60 ; 
liinii"?<m Mug, xiiv. 2tS, 3'i3 ; RiH.'i't«» at 
P. C. C. Hmtun, (ul. 80; LeVvriOjiPii Works.] 

L.M. M^ 


nrc!iitec-l, born nt Woodford in l*^-x nn<l 

buptised at Walthnm Abl)py on 11 Juno 

17-l:i,wut Ton ofLimcelol Iievtortou,* builder. 

Afli-r Icuminghis father's bus i new, he beountt 

an nrcliitet.-t,nndwiiii!:it''nsivclv emptojod in 

lli'.icfi'clninofdwL-llinc-liou»i-» in Loudon *i«l 

tlu- ci'uutry. llct-iliiliittdtliirty-f[mrdc«i|nut 

intliwHoyalAcudeuiybflwii'n 1771 and 18(Kt. 

[lis ftxocutnd works inoludf Woodfotd Hall, 

Kisi'X. in 1771, now Mrs. Qludalunu's Con- 

viilinfi?nl Homo: IIotIos, K«ti>x, in 1776; 

Walton Wood llnll.lliTl.fordsliirc, iu 1777; 

the Pho^nii Pirc Ollkr, l^ndon, in I7h7: 

Eiiirini< llouHc, ChnrinK Cross, nhnut 17J''J; 

ItiildKworth Hall, Xorfolk, in 171*2; bunk 

for MtMsre. Itobarlft in l.ri]tuburd Slrnct in 1 790 

(sincii rebuilt): halt for the Ormvrs' ('oni- 

pany in the Poullry, London, of which tJw 

urti, stnnc was laid on -TO Au^r. 17il6, anil lli« 

work compli-li'd on 21 July 1W2 (iT wita 

jiflurwnrds nlterrd by Josuph Gwilt, ij. v.); 

.SoampBlonHouiu--,Vork"liirie,inlS03i Manne 

Villa, at LibW, eo, Cork, in l«).1. lln aim 

erected lari^prvmuM.'* for sii((ar-1ioilcn in l.on- 

don and New York. In 17^3 he received a 


tx'iiilAntiaryliousoe. He and his pupil, IlKMnM 

Cliawner. wi<n> architiicts In the aepartmont 

of land reviinup of the of1ici> of works, and in 

that capacity Bubmittod, In July 1811, a plan 

for the iiuiiruvcmcut of tlio rri>wn prcqwrtT 

of MarylcbouL- Park Funn (now ttct^nte 

Perk) i but. the dusi|^ of Jolui Nuh ^. t.} 

was pri'ferr<>d oiid exL<cul«I. 

Li'Torlnn wns surveyor to ihi'Phjaenill^re 
iDsuriincD Company and In the theatres roy«l 
in London, and was justice of thi> peace tor 
Surriry, Kt-nl, MidUldu-x, and WR«Imiiisl«r. 
lie was Iwiuo married, Urst, in 1766, and 
aflvrwarda, in IF^OS, to Mrs. Itoboccu CtnTen 
of Itlackheath. lie died lit 13 BtHlford 
8|^unre, IiOndon (a housir he had ur«ct«d for 
himsi'lf) on 33 Sept. 1834, and was buried in 
Walthoju Abbey,whDroamouuuieutby Ken- 




dridc iaewctwl m hinnoinnry. InlhesBnw 
kbbcy w«iv buriiid bis brutlinr [.uiculot and 
hw wo Honry. A bi«t of iho win b;r FIm- 
nutn is DOW in Oxn FtumuilUll, I'lurwratiy 
OtUWA The BCiilfilar, when a young man, 
UmA boen Uigtfly employvil bj L^viHion to 
modM fur bim. 

[Notic* byb»n«ph#*,T.L«TatWiiDoaaldMn, 
in^eUiif Archiu«iure,irh4r«iiltMof bisdmw- 
inn axbibit«tl In Ihe Itoynt Aradtraj la KJi^n i 
Km. of W»itlttni Bw. r. B.Joho- 
•too; Onkrw'>Ui«Lof ArtiaU; Roj^nTe'i I>irt. 
of Artati; Thump's EnTiront »f Ir:>iiilon. p. 734; 
AlbaV Vork, ii, 8*0 , RicU»Kl«nf N(w \it- lirit , 
L xzTil, laviii. 11. «. »i. «l»-l ; Fi"t lli'pott if 
Uw (^mmWoncn of Wowls, l'nri*i», •nd Lain! 
IU*OM«^ 1812, pp. 10. 88. 74-81. App- 12 (»h 
Qmi. Mag. ITSS p. 424. 1802 p. 879. 180S p. Tsa, 
19S4 il. pp. S81, lflS.irb«r«iueoniil of LcrettonB 
wiU U pv.n.l B. P. 

1006)^ riw-Adlniral of Ciit-lanil. of n family 
lanrMttled in Sloffoniiliirv, won tW mn of 
^Wiilwr ljrvB»Mot Lill««hall, Shrop«lun> 
( iL 1603)«Bi! of Aniw,daiighl«<if Sir AndK™ 
Oorbvt. In iSdS ha iwrvnd m n rulunlwr 
OB lKi«d ibu Ark Royal iKaiiut iby Ariii«'ln. 
Mid in lfi96hxlacximtniuidintIu!i-ipf<Iit.ioii 
uaintt Cadii, on wiiich occadion Itf wu 
knighted [sM HiiwARU. UHiaLCs. l-Uiu. ur 
NorrtKORAiij. In ir>'J7 li« is nid to have 
commanded tho IIopl^ in 'th« Islands' voj- 
tgo' undur tho Earl of IJ***'! [««o Dbtbkbcx, 
&BiiKT,*DooBdE.iRLnr F.wciUhoi^hother 
tiMa doMribe hin as cocnnunaing tno Non- 
paieil. It is poBMblo tbat be moved IVom 
Mteabip tolho nthff durinKtho expedition 
<|jiDlUtB.p.8''Uii-) lnl69ebecorom*nd«d 
the Lion in tilt no^ tillisl um, under Lord 
TliomAJi Howard. in expectation f>f«Spaiii«h 
Mtfmplal invasion. In 1100, with th«style 
of 'aJmiral of the nnrmw wa»,' bu com- 
manded n vqnadron sent towards lh« Aiorei 
ro look out for the Spanish ttvasurv-thips. 
Gnat carv iraa (ahen to keup their desti- 
nation »ocrvt: but t ha ^aniaiils^ warned bjr 
MCperiraw, clionend the route of their sbip^ 
mi^ #0 MOapcil. In October 1601 bn was 
appmotwd ' cajitaiu-gravral ami admiral nf 
oMtain of herMajesiVsRbips toMirre tminit 
tbe Spaniards ttlel;r landed in IrvUnd ' 
(OtL State Payfft, Iwilnnd), and in the early 
Mft of Deoetubor forced htB 'O'ajr iuto the 
barbotir of Kinsale, when, after a tertn 
ACttoo, hedsMtojAd the whole of the enemy'* 
abiapinK (*&- ^ir Amra* Ptosior to ih* tUrl 
of "ottin^han, 9 Um.) 

tjirly ill 1003 Leroioa wad appointod to 
oaramntid apowerfitl fl»t of niop Eticli*h 
and (vrelve Daick Aift, which wnre ' to in- 
fiMt Ihe S^siah CO««t.' Tha Dutch ship^ 

TOL. xmn. 

WOTC, boweTFr, lateiii ioininit, andLevusMi, 
leaving liis vic«-adniiral. Sir William Mon- 
MB [o. T.], to wail for them, put to Ma with 
onljr fire shi« on lii March. Withintwoor 
throo day* the queen sent MonM>n ordon to 
sail at onon to join hw admiral, for aho had 
word that ' the silr,T sliipa itvtv arrived at 
Tetv«ir>.' TImv hod. in fact, arrived and 
left again ; anil before Monsun could join 
him Ijeveeon fnU in with ihi-m. With his 
rervsmall force he could do nothing. 'If the 
Ilollandon,' wrote Mooton, ' lii,d kept touch, 
nccnrdinft to promum, nod th^ qnm'n'a nhina 
bnii been Sited out with curp, we bud mod* 
her mujiMty miatruui of more Ireosurv thim 
any ofliur promoilon ever enjoyed.' Il was 
not till ihe«nd of Hay thattlie twoEuulish 
squadrons met with each other, and ou 1 Sunn, 
being then off Lisbon, th«^ had nuw« of a 
laiigD earra«k and eleven {t^llevs in Coximbra 
bay. Some of th« KnKliaii anipa bnd boen 
lent home of not K-awortby ; other* had 
H-puratcd; there were only hve with Levt* 
sou when, on the morning of the Srd, ho 
fotiiKJ the onetn^'s ships atrongly p(Mt«d 
under thegiiins oftbe castle. At ten ^olock 
he stood into thebav,andafWraHght wluch 
lasted till five in the evening, two of the 
gallnys wwra burnt, and the roat, with the 
carrack, capitulated, and were taken to 

In 1603, diiriui^ the last ncknou and after 
the death of the queen, Leveson commanded 
the lleet in the narrow seas, to prevent any 
attempt to disturb thfl peace of the country 
or to inSuence the ouccetoion being ni(id« 
fVom France or the NetherUnda. Tliia was 
his last service at sea. On 7 April I (104 iio 
was appointed ' ]ieut«nant of tho admiralty 
of hlnirland,' or, by tho more eommon title, 
viocadmiml of England far life {A. Dom.), 
and in the feUowingyeu waa marshal of the 
embassy to Spain for the omclusion of the 
uemi.'e. Shurtlv afler his return 1m) died in 
London in July 1605; h,> wna bnri«d on 
2 Sept. in the old ciiurch at Wolvi^rhampton, 
where ihnrn is a untuu end monument to 
hill mnmory. He mnrriod by li.^enie, dated 

by X'andyck, belunuf to the Duke of Suther- 
land (i-f. C'it.«/ XimI KrAibitiml^}). 

[InHrriptina on ihe monumpol at Wolver- 
liamptoiii prlntnl I'l rihair'i IIi*l. of StaKud- 
vbire, ii. 168. a pioture uf tl>« monum^Qt fittee 
p. 1^7 : Cbtater'i London Uarriua Licmsas; 
LrdinrrK Naval Hiitoryi Monaoo's Natal Trntfa, 
bk. i.. in Oiuroliiira Collection of Vojum UL 
164, &c.: KUnbatl's Qanulogiit, I. S8S.1 

J. K, L. 





iSec EuEttnjs.FaiNCi*, Eaul of H^ixesxehk, 

VII.LE, firwi DcKE OP SuTUBitLA.s» (17oB- 
lB83),«Jiiedt sUD of tiranrilk-. lirsi mArqiiLa 
of SMffurd, bf Ivis Aocoiid wifi'. Lady Loui»a 
Egtnlon, daug1iT«r of Scroop. rtr»t iluke of 
Bridcenater, wm bom !□ Arlington Stroot, 
London, on 9 Jan. I7SH. l-'rnni hia child- 
ho'td hia hiuilth wiu delicjili!, it ciroumiUncn 
irkich eneounif^tl u nalurolly iitiidioiia dia- 
poiitian, Imt bit roBdo Hitle jimgreiw wliilu 
tX sriiool, 6rit at Euat Hill, atar Wandir- 
vort1i,au(lafi«rwards,f^om 1768 to 1774, at 
'W«»luiiTiat«f. OnUiesiigg«4tiiin i>f K'lmund 
Burke, be then retided for n limn ni Auxi>m, 
wham hn nooaind a f(nrKl linnn-ledi^e of 
rreneh.witli t^ll^l!l■v,J.C.Wl)^(Ul•^usl;(nfle^- 
■wa^d^, thiinltn 1(1 liiis connection, mody denn 
of Lichfield <- Evi'nluaily. in Muy !7r5, Im 
v,-ai tnliTtd ul CLrisl Churvli, Oxford, Ho 
beoamo a good Latin ^li'tkr. altlioii|/]i ha 
gave up tlie study of Or^k, wm well ac- 

Siiainti>d with Engliih, 1''rv>nch, nnd Itnlinn 
ItviTltnrp, and hndaronpiditmbl'i lioowlodeo 
of chrmiiilry and boioay. .\ftiT Icnrintr Ox- 
ford hptnivnllfd rsif-niiirplr, in Soot land nnd 
Irduidiii 17t*0,in Franco. (Ivrmfiny. Austria, 
and the Low Cuuutri>r« iu 17^1. and in Italy 
in 1780. Shortly buforo bo eain>.- of ag« hv 
btdheen elected in September 177Slop>prc- 
•enl Newcut1e-aad(«-Lyne in StnffdrdaliirB 
inpnrliumi'nt.nnd wa«T»-e1oct>diii 1760, but 
not in I7S4. lie ri>-onteFDd thn Iloutn of 
CommoD* in 1787, Hitting for thi' county at 
VU called tip tot lie llouao of I^onlHaii Baron 
Oowerof Siitti!nhaai,Yorl{F<hiro,t1i>< original 
bkronyof Lis faoiilj'. In 1700, without any 
previoifR diplomatic e^pirixnco, lio went m 
ambOMHtdor to l'nri<, a nniit of <>\ircmn diffi- 
culty during t.hi! Fn^ncti re vnlminn. and nl- 
moet tbomosi itnpurinnt inEiirnpf. (Forbi* 
instmctious and (Ii'«]intchi4 ii(.>l'U, Broitxixo, 
7^ DrtpntcAfi ftf £arl Cloiivr. 1885.) Hu 
only quitted Jl upon llie withdrawal of the 
erohoMv in Auctsi 1705. His wifp, on lier 
joiirnfiy to Knglnnd, wa^ brought before the 
mvnlutionarytribimnlnt Abhi'villn, but afti^r 
a ahorl dot'-nt inn vas ti^U-am-d. Scibsnqiipntly 
tho po»t» of lord steward nnd of lord-liou- 
tenuil of Inland worn ufferod t» him : but 
his eyeaiffht being weak he dsclinod ihum, 
aud inli99aoce[^d ilie olUce of joint post- 
nia<t^i>g^i>-ral, which he held until 1810, 
Hewaeoneof tbelradora in the nttaek upon 
the Addington udminiiitrBtion in 180Jt, It 
wnaat hiamudcncn, BridfTnwnlnrllonito.thnt 
the Brat meeting for or^niiing tlio attack 

waa la.ld (siw CotCHr^TEii, Diari/, i, 109), 
lie ^ve iiolice of n motion for 3(1 April In 
tlie HoUM of l^rd* ' on the defrm^ of the 
conauy,' but thn ministry re^iigneiL In tlie 
aulwwjunnt nfipnrntion bi-t ween Pitt nnd [jord 
Ormnnlla hi- ndberud to th* latter, nnd r«- 
ccivL-d tlio GurtL-r iu 1800. Tliou);li he moved 
a ru&olutioii on 13 April 1807 condi'mning 
the hing'a conduct ou the Itonian catholic 
qiieelion, which wa« didiiatiid by 171 votes 
to 90, he look hoocefortb little active part 
in politic*. 

In 178.1 he had married Elicnbeth Smh-r- 
landjCciunti-iuofSuiherland in hwowa right, 
and proprietros* of the greater part otSutber- 
lundBliirv. and in March 1803 he inherited 
from hill maternal uucia, the last Uuke of 
BridgewBler, the Ilridg«wat«r canal and 
ealntee, and on 30 Oct. of tho wubd yoar 
bi<ciimi> by the death of bin futhnr Marqiiia 
of Slaflbrd. and came into poMt^aiion of thn 
Stitienham i-rtatu near York, and the bugi- 
Fntnti^fi at Tri'uthain, SlaJTordehirv, Wolvor- 
bumptou,and LiUeshallinShTopihirfi. 'I'hu« 
he boi^ame, in «pite of tho many burdens od 
hie estnlef, a* Chnrlc* Gr*viUo cnlla him 
(Mnrniim, Ut acr. iii. 19), 'a litriatlian of 
wottlih.* Hi' now di'voted himself to th« 
pa tronagr^of art, probably under the influcnci.- 
of hia wife, boMtlf an artist io wntCT-CoIouw 
of coniidOTBblo skit), and to the ImiiraremeBt 
iif hia Mtaii-<. Tie oularged Brid(^wat«r 
liuu«i-, added to its unriralled collection of 
paiiitinge.and wna one of tho Aral ownnm of 
picturea in London who pormittrd tUn public 
to have acceu to thnm. Ho wna pmidsnt 
of ihn Britiah Inalitutiun. and proiunted to 
xlw National Oollory of Painting the celt— 
brntod Doriu Kubrna, whioh bud c-tt 3,000/. 
whon bou;.diI in Genoa. In 18^7 h^ ptir- 
cbuBL-d Stafford Iloiiw, which had bo^n begun 
by the Uiike of York, for 72,000i. (.wo lUs- 
barh, Pari. Mmtf*, Iriii. 357. l.oiiD CoL- 
ClimrintV Diary wronglv girca thi- price a» 
80,000/.), and gave it lo lii« uldcit aon, Lord 
Oowtir, with 30,000/. to complete the build- 
ing, baring prwvionaly, 27 May 1823, given 
kim on his wedding an Mtato wortb idfiOOl. 
per annum. 

Tlie Sta(|■o^l^bire and Shropahin! eMatM 
had b»oii bonJcued iin(li«r a ayatnm of laaaM 
for lives, to nii'rt llm nli-etion cxpenimt in- 
curred by till? Int.' martiuii, a ayjtt-ni which, 
by deatmying thn enlerpriie of tho lunnnt 
and crippling thr? lundlonl, had roduoed the 
tenantry to conniderable jientiry and back- 
wsrdnMU. Lnrgr> outlay and cnnvtant care 
were neoutearr to restore the buildtnga, re- 
arrange the holding, lay oul ronda, and con- 
struct dmins. Thia work alwirbed nlmoat 
tho whole of tho ttw rente during twonty 





5««n, umI U wm na4 uutU 181:3 that he wm 
■btt< to inm fcis altebtion to 1ii« wifb'« rut 
tvrritory in SotUerlktuUhiro. (Am, lionrercr, 
LSTuleBM of bU inti'Tntt in tb(W cstntM u 
I 1806,mtbi'letlnrof thuMarchiontHB 
'of Stafford in ihat jmt to 0. Kirkpitricit 
Sharp*'-) Till 1<^11 no muil roach hail niii 
^bcrfond Abardeea, but in tliat ytax parlia- 
matud half the expeiue of making 
I m tlw aoitlwrn noiiatinit of Scotland, 
aponcondltim of thi- Undrd pniprintant find- 
ing tlw rMoaindor. Thn Mnrijuis a{ StaObrd 
t mur aad largelj tookNdraMwtaf tbia nro- 
_i«ian. InallthflcoiuiM-af Snt£orUndlber<B 
■was DM a mad in 1&1S, and but one bridge, 
TwentT y««n ■i(i«4iraid8 he bad c<»nplet«d 
L460 miles ofgiood toads, lS4bndgBt>M*«nl of 
■great aito, asd oae> an iron bridg;*, of 160 tbct 
«n, uiutin^SiithitfflaitdiihiroiuKi ItouMihirc 
Bcinar. In 1818 he obtained ilicrxtciisiuu 
' ibb mail tnm Inrvmwa to Tbursi>, and 
DUilHltedUiveiiumitoiranUth«ciMt. Bv 
bepimhaaeor West SuTluffUndahire, t» aa- 
lltian 10 bia «ife*« hereditary ea(al«#, ho ob- 
'uitedcontnJof all but avvrjemMI portion 
tfae county, llo found the pa)iuUtion 
SBumnrous than tlMiKiil, in its then Ktato 
ofcutliialion, could Mipport — indolent, ipio- 
rant .and often lavrluw. In the twth of mach 
■tlark from without and munb uujHipularity 
amon^' his tenants, the mu^uia carried out 
I retona of ibe whole sTelem of adminUwis 
rlbfl MXatA.doarin^tViiuaniJaof pMwnta 
I tlwint«rior,iuid rai»ing thorn to rcnioi-o 
I tlio aca-ccMt, thu4 cvcntusllir dcjtrciving 
I mnatninf; rmiifrn of the clan iijBi«ni. 
) reduced butb rents end burdi-ni. improved 
condition of the ]>eopl«. and broti^l 
BT tboaaanda of acm under culiiralion 
Ae Srat tine. He eqwciallv aimed at 
piiiiiiK rid of the tjwkurenn, and mnldiii; all 
ihapnawatjihiaownitnnKdiati^teniuitit. (l-'or 
* he caw agatJiiit tbn fiutbcrtandjihiro clunr- 

■litUfUf, «<J. 1)^37. i. Ll>3; Hfon MiLLEft, 

uHerlandatif iTtttfiiftu-.lyositAiixCLKXi, 

' S^ofu^lJkf DiKtilutum in SutlttrtandMrt, 

1MI 1 CoaaRrr, ToirmSr^ll'ind, If^Xl; Mw>. 

^oaiH StDWK, StiMitif M«moh«to/Forf^ 

nilt. For thn lyxitnry vi«w, SM htoxcr. 

'be LtTRKUiCE, HMtai fur Ffeinv>mi'r niralf A- 

rAn'jUl'fre; (fuitrterll/ Renrn', Ulx. Jl!".) 

, Tlie BloriMt, liovt*i*t'r, of rathtcM uvictiiwin 

^ banishment o( [xiaianis npMar to hare 

F^nonod bawlation. Patrick ^lUr.a writer 

to Uio sigiaot and underfactor ou (he iMt«i«, 


raatur. Mood hi« trial at lavetaess aasiiM 

for eolpable bonieidn canMd b; harsh dear- 

I uid WM ac(|iiiticd, and nibii«i]u<intl5 

1 beaiT daraagM fgc llander a^nat 

thn »bnrifF«iibet iuio for SutbcrlandnhinP, the 
chi<f author of the chargoa. 8o far wi>rfi the 
clcanuieea from boinc muidj aeUiMh improve, 
muiits. that from tStI to 1SS3 tlio oountr 
violil-:-!.! liini no rent, and riwiilt*d in a loaa 
of t>O.OfKV. iu all. jSw MtMch ^ J. Loch, 
//nuhiiv/,.SrdMr.ljtxxi.'(13.j iBthtMoSbtta 
bft nfcni tho beat jreais of bu life. 

In noliticahewata 1ibeRd,aiid tupporlMl 
catholic emnncipalion and tha itofann Bill. 
For the duTelopmunt of bin wtote* end pro- 
pertin he made large iuvMim«nl4 in the 
Liverpool aud ManoWler railway, of tho 
capital of which he waa an orinna] prDprioior 
to the extent of one-llfth, and in toe Liver- 
pool and nirminehain (vinal, of which he 
wn« Ih" prinpiiml pMjirir'lor. In lri52 he 
wa» ■I'lwd with pomljn*, from which h« 
nicovori'd, but with impaired aclirity nnd 
Btfenglh. On It Jan. ll*S3 be waa mtird to 
a dukedom, and on the suggestion of PrinMM 
.\agiuta lelected the title of Duk« of Suther- 
land. lie paid hia last visit to Sutherland 
a few months aiWward*, and reached Piui- 
roUn Castle on S Julr, but won iiriif>d with an 
illnoH of which hn died on 1» July 1S.13. Mr 
waahuried in thi-old cathedral of l)onior.h,th<i 
burial-place of the ancMtors of the duehew- 
oountesB. Two sons nnd two daughten sur- 
rived him : Georve Granville, who aueceeded 
bim in tlie diikeJom, Lord Francis Lereaon- 
Gower, on whom were entailed the Bridgft- 
watar mtalea, Lndr Chsrlotie, afterwards 
DuchMS of Norblk, and l^ady Kliiabelh, 
afterwards .Marchioneu of Wmiminnicr. In 
Gguni be won liillnndfligbt. Tlieni urn two 
colotual ktatuue of him by Ulianirpy, one at 
DuuTobiii and Urn oUim at TrenthaJn. IIi« 
portrait was plated bj Itomney, Phillipe, 
and C>ple. 

Th« Kccoud dnke, Oeorge Cintnville I.eT«- 
KliKabotb (Invrgiann, i* »cMmloly noticed, 
was tuco-vdnl in liii tillra liy hisfldMt son, 
Ubome Gnixviu-B \Vili.iam StrnisaLAXB 
LErssoS'GowEB. third Ih;KB of StmiEX- 
tA!n>(lti2»-l«i«l. Tlie latter wnaSLP. for 
SiitherlaiKlshire in the liberal iuti-reit from 
lAAJtill IWI.but took little pnrt ia politic*. 
.\fl^ liiB ncoB«ion t" the till* ht- di'volwl 
grrnt «nnn of niniwy to iVi" imiir'ni^mcnt 
of hi* highland 0*taIOS,eontribiitiDg in all 
23&JS0OI. toward* the constru<:tion of tho 
Highland railway, and eirfn larger nunu for 
thu reclamatiiMi of wnale lands. Hl' was a 
keen fpcnspMB and tnvellHr, and wiu fond 
of riding on locomotive engine«,and of watch- 
ing the file biigado at work. lie went to 
the coronation of the Our Alexander II in 
16A6 as B mambw of Ou apwial miation, waa 




S'l-innt in ISfifl nt ihn op«nin([ of tli^ Su^i 
uiol, wliicU ho had alwnyih ■iippnne'), »ud 
kocompiilwd the Princn nf ^^'nlm ta India 
in 1676. Wlum, in ItHH. (Inribaldi ri.itod 
Enf^lODil, he HtartKl with Ux? duk« at Stafford 
IIoii§e, and on bis r><tiirn iliu diitc« tooh him 
ag fsr ns naprerB in hi* v«oliI, Ha wuj ap- 
THiintpd K.n. on .10 April 1(4(14. Hi- died at 
hunrobin (.'iuiIr on '2i Sopt. lM9i, and wan 
buriud at Trunlhom in Stnli'iirdiiliir''. Tlo 
nurrii'd in l^lil Aniip. iliiUithtiT of John 
iiay Macki?ii)iio uf Crifinnrlii! and Ncwiiull, 
wbo VIM lUMtfM of the rolwa 10 thu t|iiL-i-n 
ftoca ISTOtill l>''4,iindwM<;fvated(jouiilfi» 
Ifl hiT tciiond «nrviring nun I''rnnci», CI10 iir»- 
•■■nt tCurl of Cmmiirtii-. in 1^61: nhi^ di«id in 
!»»*, The duko murrit-d ipaoudlv. in l-^Sfi, 
Mary Ciiroline, widow of Arthur Kindnrniwy 
illair and >luught^r-jf RicUnrd Michctl, D.ll 
[q, v.] Hy hi» llM wife lie hud tUrei? son* 
and I wo imiighlcr*. lie wm aiicceedL-d by 
hi» itldwl »on, CrDinartif>, now fourth duk- 
n! Sdlhorlaiid. 

[ThiM^hiff autli'jritj CbrcLoflntdaka iiJnniDi 
Loch'i Memoir nt the &rtt Duke of 8utttoFlnnit. 

firiratalf {iriiitcd; ana aluo t>ii;h'>i Aniyiaiitof tlin 
mproVBiDirnU on lliv Sulliurland [^tnlc. 1815; 
RnniiniietniToi iiud StJiffurd 11ou»p LcHon. hy 
Lord Itoiialdfionvr, whaKa^l!ll>^d (or iMtom uiiil 
msmoriiilt nf I'li yrnnilfnThar, thr firnl duki", 
■riihout uTiptti'M : L-ll^rs 'if l.'liriflM Kirk[mlrlek 
ShfiTpo : Alniitni Wcatmon[i»tcnonjHi. p. 314: 
Biwti * IWciltKtion*; itUckmiorr* K*wSuc!(ii- 
eal Accounl of Scotlaad, I&4S. >r. (5. I'or thn 
thi(d<lukDicaTir<im.2ISBpl.l893.) J. A. 11. 

Ami Mmyi-m nv Sr.ui-oKU (173l-IW)3t, 
third mm of .I0I111, lirst Eurl Oowor I*eo 
iindnf l.l!Vi:*nv-'liiWBi{. John, IfiTo-lTOi)!, 
by Iliu liMl wifi', till' i,<n\y Evidyn I'i-'rr-'iiont, 
third douffhlrf of Cveljo.fir*! dukuof King*- 
oa. wtu bnrri on 4 Ann- 1731, anil edu- 
kt«d at WekttiiinMKr School, whoiw, in hi8 
»ith yi-nr. hn wax udniittftd upon the 
(bundalion. Iii-itrins Wi.>«liainiilT in 17-10, 
he matricnlatc'd at Uhrint Church, Oxford, on 
30 April in that yi-iir, Uudidnoi,howcTor, 
tako any di-ttri'", and "»» n-tiinied to jiorlia- 
mnot far tUu borough of Bishop's Ca«tl(.> at a 
byo-uleDtioniuDcct^nibcrl'll, Anh<-;j;(.'iii>ral 
diwtton in 1717 ht wiw rotiimiid at the bn-ad 
of thu poll for iho city of Wnsl mi inter. On 
18 Nov. 17-19 ho wan uppointnd n lurd of thi> 
iiJiuiritlty in Pelhnin'i ndmim*lration, and 
was again r'^tumod for Wc'itminstnr after a 
TO17 wv^rfi poalFSt with Sir Ueorito \'ando- 
pul, tl» tniy candidate, whom he dufeatod bj 
a majorit^T of 170 Totea. Duriog: the debsta 
onl.he petitioud agaiiut his return, in January 
1761, Uower, then knowD liy ii\i court««j 

title of Lord Trentliam, macU liih timid.. n 
apMKh in the l!nii»e of Common', r>plifin^ 
to the ntlncks made agiiinit him ' with gmat 
manlinii»s and fanx nod spirit' (Walpoi-k, 
ytemoirto/Grorgell.i.ll't. Having attached 
himiiLdf to ihul ■etitioo uf thi? wUte party 
nietinam«d the ' Uloomiibury Oanv,' m whicn 
his brotlier-in-lav, the fourth Duk# of Bed- 
ford, wiu tho tender, he reaigned oflico ia 
J<inel7->1, Al. the gonenl nloction in April 
1T51 hH wua returned at thn linad of tho poll 
for the city of Lichfield, and on the doatli of 
his father, on 26 Bee. 1754,>ucceodi'd to the 
uppur houso aa second Earl Ooww, On 
T Jiin. l7iVilie was appointed lord-lieuloaaat 
of StalTordBhlre, and on 33 Dec. in that year 
WM, tlirough the iufliienco of the Duke of 
Uedfoivl, coiwtttutod lord privy »eal, in thn 
plncn of the I)uk« of MaTlbortiugh, uod at 
thn aninc lion? wa> sworn a momber of tlio 

Srivy council. lleiiiKning thi; privy soal in 
une 17o7 bo was appointed, on tbo 2nd of 
the followin^t month, XMMet of the honte, a 
post whiah lio retained until hit appointment 
a* ki'Bper of the great wardrobe, on 35 No*. 
1700. Foi, in a memorandum ' nrolc at 
Lord HuIi-'« doiiri- nnd civfn to him March 1 1, 
1763." rncommrndwl Lord liower for ol&cir. 
«aying 1 hal he; ' is of a htiaiour and nature 
thi^ mott pritctii^abk' : and if any man could 
do the olteu of soiithi-rn secretary without 
either (jUurfBllJiiir i«'itli (.'hitpl^H Towniheiid 
or letling down the dif^'niiy nf hi* own offic*, 
he would' (Lnnn KiTXHAirmii^ii, 
Lift 0/ .Shgthurttf, i. 1H7-8I. In April 17tl3 
(iowpf IwcnniB lord obumlH-'rlain lift he bouj«>- 
hiiM, but r»iiiiitned ihni ofht-euprjn the aci-ea* 
•ion nf Itockinaham to power in July 1786. 
In Au)fU4t^ ITbi5 Oow«r refused to accept 
Chatliam's offer of a place in the ntinintrr a« 
HrMt lord of the edmlmlty, hut wii» an*r- 
wnriU induced by tli" Dulnt of (imfVon to 
bncotne pnmidfnt of ihr eoiincil. and kiiued 
Iianda on hi« nppoinlment on 33 Dec. 17«7. 
I'"fnm this limi- Oow.-r look a considerBblA 
part in the debatos in the House uf Lurds,i 
and on 1 1 Feb, 1771 was elected a knight of' 
the Garter, in the place of the Dukn of H«A- 
ford, who bad died in the preceding month. 
Though ill Februar7 1775 Oowor • declared is 
the most unreserved t«raia for reducing ihs* 
Ami-rii:nna to suhmiimion,' oppming Chat- 
ham'n prorijiionnl net for wtttling tlie trouble* 
and in Muy 1777 ipoke agaiuBt Chatham's 
motion for an oddruM to tlie king to put a 
Btup to the hostilities {ii. xix. 3^-^), ho 
altered )iis views in regard to tb« wiidom of 
QOntinuing the American war, and miffncd 
oflico in November 177B. On 1 Dec follow* 
ing, during tba dobato on Sholbume'* motion 

11- ! 





of ceiuurv on the minisiorefur their coiidtict 
toTanls IndMiil,Guw«T nu(U> ■ Tiolunt nt tuck 
U)via tW ^verninrat, knd d«clar«tl (hut ht 
had 'pnwdod lor yean »l the council 
UiUe,uid had anna Mch thuiga paM ther» of 
> that no maa of honour or (uiniritoiov 

alil BBT loDfcr sil thi-rr' (tA. xx. Il'Ii'-d). 
. March' 17t^, after tbc fall of Lord Sli«i- 
bu»e'a mifliMrv, Uie po«t of tninie minislor 
WM o&nd (o QowcTi who Lad, hoivi-rpr, «uf- 
ficioot nwoluiinn to ntfiue it. Upon Pitt's 
_aemuaofi to pownrCiowpr onw inor« became 
"" n<\ pmidi-mof ihrcnanril on 19 Dec ITS."!, 
Bt vraM suiTcmlcd br Lord T'ltiiidiin in llie 
%Uomcv j-ear.and ajipointcd lurd privv «tal 
m 34 No*. ITM. tin 1 Marcli 1 7M bii vnu. 

at«d HanjUH of the countj of Stafl'inl, 
■ad Maigaed the office of priry bmiI in Jiiljr 
I7M,niMB the Dnke of Portland joiniou ilia 
■Jauirj. Ila d^rd at Trflntham Hall, Slaf- 
fitrdahtn, on Sfi Oct, hiicighiv-tbird 
j«tr. Oovrcr wu a man of conii^cmblo 
pwta,gtMt w«a)th,Biid much jwlilicnl infln- 
mwc^ Be was chum^n a gotenicir of the 
CliaitaflioiiM on 31 June li57. bad el«cted 
F.S.A, Od S8 April I'Hl. During- ibi^ Utrer 
part of hi* [loJiliCKl cartr ht spnVv h»1 t»rt-\y 
m Iha hoaw, 8 Uac 17RA Uinff the dale of 
Ua Uft rvported apeoch {Part. Itiit. xxvii. 
666). Ue norried. Gnt. cm 33 Dm. 1744, 
Eluabetl], dau^t«T of Niirliola* Fanltcrly of 
IV tecot, LMicaahire. who dit-d of unall-pox on 
19 Moy 1748, and «liOi»« ouly child Jolm pn>* 
deeaaabd her. On 2S Harch 1749 he tuamed, 
aeoondljr, the Ladf ^•^*"* Kgerton, eldeM 
dan(lit«r of Scroopn, firit dnlui nf Dridgt^ 
WKter, br whom he had four chitdran, vIj:. 
Oaorm Orannltc, who marrird I i^x. 17H.^ 
Etiubvth (t7&Vl@a9>.<iountfasof Suihrr- 
iand m h«r own right, inoceeded as the second 
Diat«iiiia of StalSint, and was on 38 Jon. ll^SJ 
cr*ativ) DskeOif Sullt^awl.aud three ibiu^di- 
ten>. Onm-r'n u>oon>) wife died on 14 March 
1761 . and nn 'Hi May 17lWhn married, thirdly, 
Ladj Siiiannah Sii-nnrt. iwcnnd dauchicr of 
AlexandtT, wilh mrl of (Jnlloway. by m-b^m 
be had lhr«i? daufthlers and nav »<n. (Jnu- 
Till* I^TMon-Gower (l77:t-|H4tl), wli-v was 
afterward* cTMie'l ViKouni and Euil Urau- 
villv, ami \* aeparately notienJ, Ills widow 
•nrvind him but a «hnrt limn, and died on 
IfiAvK-l^*^' .^fuIldnnKlUiHirlniit of (lower 
bj GmrRi- Itomnpy Monjii t» tb>- Duhc of 

{Alamal WoHiann. (I9A3). pj<. SIS. IK-liI: 
WalpolvB ilrHKarr of tb» R«icn uf (Iiurgc U 
(18171; Wa||<4r'> .Memoir* 0? Hid "Rnga of 
Gaoivr llI<lHtJ); Wnl|>oU'i Utiem. rJ. Cnn- 
■latbiaD, r. R. til. M. 331. S6«-T.riii. Ul-S. 
IM. 344. Mt, aiX, SSI ; OranviUi iSqvr* ( ■»£- 
IU3},raL ii. ill. nr.: Com'* Memoir* of ibt Pel- 

ham Adminittnlioo (1829). ii. Xtt-i; Ccdlina^ 
Pe«riig(i (iSI3).ii.(49.«10'2; Doyla'a Official 
Baronaao (ISSB). iv. S9&-6-, I!nrk«'* PMraga 
(ISMk, p. 130S; FouTw'h Aliiniiii OxonitoM* 
jI88S)wDl.ii.&M; (ipac.Mn;!.Iixiii.pi.ii.)D89, 
ISao.Tol. Ixxv. pi. ii. p. i;Hl'; llnydu'* Rook of 
IHgnitie* (lUI;; OAcml Return of Lisls of 
HonUrs ol Parliament, puii. 90, lul. 102. IIS.I 

G. F. R. B. 

Knt l::*ni. <tKAXvii.u: (li7:{-lrUfi), diplo- 
matist, bom on 12 Ort. 1773, wan third and 
vouiif^t sun of Umnvilli!, Bnl luuniniii ol' 
Stuffi-rd [sen LETEMiX-tiiiWHK. GUXVII.I.IC, 
first MakqI'isof SriFFOBD], by liis third wife, 
Kndy Siiuiiinah Slewart, M^cuiid daughter of 
Alexamlrr,)iixth«&rlof OallowHv. lieuiulri- 
rulated at Cliriet Church -iO ,\p'ril I7M>, and 
ti-n venrn later bfcviinv a D-CU. PiU i<ar]j- 
bf.-frii.-ii(li'iLl liini for h\\ t'atlii^r'* Ntko, and ap- 
pointed him ttlordof tlio tmannry inlSOO,tn 
Auecnuiion lo the Hon. J. T. TiiwmJiend, He 
had Mt for Lichliold from January 17!.<5 to 
FebruaiT 1 799, wh«u he r««if(ued bis *eat Co be 
rcpri«>ntfor«iTtoeiiye(inL On 19 July IrHM he 
wa« iwam of rhnpri*y council, and npjioitiled 
ombaiuadoT cuimnrdmurv nt Si. Fet<nhurK. 
practically inopumtive, and in 1805 rMumnd 
toHii^land. It wiLsLonl L«vwuaQowrT ihnt 
Itollin^baiu. the a«saMin of Perceval in lt<13, 
bad in tended to kill in rofvugefiirtMmo&aoied 
ill-ln-ntmont in Huniia. Vpon the recou- 
nt ructicmnfibpniiniHlry it wat propofed tlial 
be sUnuld be randr a p<<cT with a M«t in the 
cabint-l. In 1^15 he wa» ctvnlrd Vincount 
Gmuville. nnd sulmiquontly bpcninc miniidi-r 
at BfiiwielB. Cunniogwaamainliinale friend, 
and in Caiiuiug's (aTourhe,ou :f4 A|>ril ISi'^, 
rarrieil an amendment in the llouaeuf Lorda 
tn l.ord KIlonborouffh'B motion for an ad- 
drrxi of conanrti. Tn tin- autumn of 1434 
Stvvrurtasaubaimidoral I'arii. Ilvnicnived 
iliT' ^mnd cnna of ihe Bulb, and wa« in> 
t'mt^it with it by tile kinit of Prance at thia 
Titileries on June 16^ Canning; bad 
frequeni occasion to find bull with bin for 
iiuhiVnre in i<irwBr<iiii(r infcnnalinn, but 
founit liim in ibr mnin a lii^lily tr\it.t worthy 
rvpr»FiitAtivc (wir Stimj:t<ix. J^tttrt <^ 
Oeuiye (Wnm'uy, i. S18, 207). In 1R27 he 
was recalled, but linrl (imv.wi-benbo braanM) 
prime miniiter. r»ppointrdbim.andbo con- 
liniMd t-ibpainlunt-D'l'iral I'nris, willi > ibort 
interral in I^U, until tb- full uf Lord Mel- 
bonme'>adn)im«tmtii>n in lt<ll. Atone time 
bewail on bud lenii* with Thiers, but for the 
nwwt part h« was hif^tr jNipular. lie waa 
addi(ni.-d to |Juy, ana* loiinf S3fl00l. at ■ 





jiiitiaffut CrockTord's, nnil WMnnncif thcWt 
wllisl pIlTjrrt of \iii tian\ In I'mri" ho irnii 
onlUd U Wftlinir(on d*t j-ivf.uri. On 2 Mny 
1833 he WM cwnlcil Knrl Hmnvillo n.nd Hnron 
LevMon nf Slono. tlu dic^d H Jun. l^-lf) iu 
Druton Strcnl, Mnyfoir, nod was biiri-.'d ut 
StoH" in Sinfi'irdihiri'. He waa in y«rly iif^ 
II followiT of I'ilt and CBiiuiiig, bill in 1M2 
wo* a slnuncli wlii^, and oniiiv ovwr from 
I'nrin to n.iii- fur x\\:' R>'forni Hill. Ho mnr- 
ried,on2IIIec, I^IIKI, I.ady H/irriirl IClirnhptli 
Cdvpiidish, sei-i>iid dnuglitrr'if WiUimn, dftli 
(liike of llpiotnliirn, who ciirTivi-d biw, by 
wiioni lio hnd thnn? jon».of wboinllii-cldett, 
Oranviili- (Ji-orKP, sroond Karl llraiiviUe, Ja 
Spniirnlnlv noticwi. nnd two dnughtere, He 
loft 160,000/. 

(Miilm (Minify Cnri-Bipoiidfinpo ; Ijird Ool- 
chwitcr'ii Dfury ; Orrfvilk' M»nii)if*! Itailif*'* 
Jouriiivt ; GpDi. Mtt^. IB10; l^UploIonR Ui-or^ 
Canning niid bis Ttiixa; flronoT'i R«ininuccneo), 
i. a08 nq] J. A. H. 

OICOKliK, SLtoiid EiRi. (iiusvTi.u: {ISlTi- 
IBfll), Hlulwumn, eliii-al bOU of l^rd tirnn- 
vilU" Ldvu-oii-Gowcr, firm I'arl tininvilln 
[q, T.]. by \iii wifp, Ijidv llnrriiit. Kliinbcth 
Cavpiidiili, dfiugbtcr of AVillinra, lifl.h diilie 
of Devonxhitv, wiw hirca nl. Uri-nt SliuiUiinct 
Stn>"l, Mavfnir, Luiidou. on II Muy 181G 
{nrnt. Mfi;i. 1»13, pl.i. p,4Uti), Hu trow in 

fouili (liu couriuay title of Lord Leveson. 
lo wua L-ducutvil at Eton, wWra his Dame 
first appeBrs in t1ie •cliool li«tji fnr 1829, and 
BlChrisi C!iiiri-ii,(liford,whnfvlifamduntiMl 
n,A. on M l-'.ib. IMl*. In If^SS lie wn» for 
II slior' tiini' ailiichf iit tUu IJritiali i'mba*«y 
in Paris under lii» father, mid in IH.lit, and 
nitnin at Llio ^-nurul rWlion of> was 
ri>turni^<l to jiurliaui'^Ttl in llic whig' inlvrvtit 
fir Morjji-tb. Ilii- llrBt Hn-udi was truiiii' iti 
18.'H5 i.n tliii (|MiidrupIp> atlinneo. 11" movod 
lIloaddrL-M inNovi-mlinrlKtT.biil only ■poki" 
once again, on tbc Tiihtw Itill. in tliu llouip 
of Common*. In IBIO hi^ Iwcanio under- 
tocTtttarr of itaii- for foti-iKn allnirs, and 
nwtKncif with the uiUur mttmbeni of ttie 
Melbaurnu admin ihi rut iou in It^l. At tbe 

f tlie dealli of liis fatlier, in 1S4(1, \w *iic- 
MMed to l)ie peeru^i and hn■n^ a xliviii^ 
fVeetrader madclua nnt amwcli in iIir Hoiisn 
')f Lords on ihi: abolition of tlip com low*, lli- 
was nippointrd by lliu prims miniJttT, Lord 
.lohn Kn.uL'il. mustt-r of tin" bui-Uioundii in 
.luly lKlli,ntii)^ied tliia |ioat at tba end of tlii' 
yunr, and bocntui! an unjtaid commiMioni^ nf 
nulwaya: wulbon made vice^rMidenl of tlio 
board of trade in 184^ and al*onaymcu>t4^ of 
Uie force)), )lnd wa« itdiuit ttid to t ne cabiimt in 

tbii antumn of 1851. <>n 2A Dec. Irt51, when 
l^rd Palmt-rston left thn forei™ oBiiw, bo 
wan gojottt-d liis succiiHior. lie birld tbo 
olEcL- until ili« itusiicfll miniiitry fi>U in IHG2. 
Circuuislancei wem a^itin«t liim. II« en- 
joyed office witlioul [Mwer. and wan uu- 
popiilnr, because be ce«med to have sup- 
|danli>d tile popular Patmet«lon, who WBH 
iiiDpoind to luivo benn ovi>rt.hrown by tlM^ 
ianuc!n<^e of forni^ cabinotA. Tlu< date ' 
bin n-nifrnation was 31 l-'eb. It was almoitj 
Iwi'nlyyaantwfore bo returned to the foTvigttl 

In Peceiiiber of the sani^ year, in tlie uhl 
>nini«troi;on of Lord Aberdeen, lie ftcoept«« 
the oKre of preiidi-nt of tlin i^nuncil, KU 
held it until, in the miniitrrial ri: 
mont of Judo I8.'>4, he was rntb«r unoM^] 
monioualy oiiali.'d, and accepted the inforiorl 
poaition of chancellor of ihu dnchy of Lan* 
eaater (see Walpole, Zi/r of LurH JiAn 
JIimlHI, ii. 223 J Orn-IUf MfTwtin, 8rd aer. 
vol. i.) From ISICi be wo» entrusted with 
tlie Icadf^nbip of tbo IloiiBe of Liordi wb«a 
the liborab wi^re in ollico. 

Mi-anttmc bir hod taken a vi^ry prominent 
pari in llie urouiotion of tlw Otuat Exhibi- 
tion of 18ol. In 1S30 lie wm appoiutiid- 
vio«-iiresident of the royal ixtmiiuwion to] 
wliieti tiwi arrangemeiita for the exhibition 
wem pntriwiwl, and he wu* one of the depu-1 
tat ion of conitni)iiiion«r* whicb vwitml Franca' 
in Aujiuat ISfil, on th« inritation of tba 
miuiicipnlity of I'aria, to Dldeb^lt>^ the iiuo> 
evit of tht^ e.^liibition. He spoke Frvnch 
like n Parieiaii, with a ^^bt court accent, 
recalling: the /tneien riytmt (La Liberli,. 
1 April 1H9I), and biepersoiinl tntlupiicedid 
milph 111 proiuotn the i^tmt* nirdialr bo- 
Iwoi-n Kngland and Frnnci-, which arnw 
»tL-adilv tmtn that timi.' (»™ Maiitix, L\ft nft 
Ihr I'nnrr Lhntart. W. 3Sf*). ( 

In iHoU be wAJ deapatclied to St. Petera- ' 
burfi; u» eni'oy extraordinary, lo n^-reitent 
i)ie mieeti iit the coronation of Alexander II 
at Slnacow on 7 Sept. When Lord Derby 
rcs.ifnx'd, on 11 June l^^fi, the qnecn, cm- 
barraui'd by llin rival nmhitions of Lord 
IVImi-TTiion Eind Lord .lolin l(ui»i-ll. tenX for 
Lord (iraiivilte. who. in otl'-inptinc to form 
an administmtioni oblaim-d I'allu•^rBton'• 
conditional Mipport |t>eu AsiiIXt, Lift ^jTI 
Pa/ufr»t'm, ed. 187H, ii. IfiC). but fiudtn, 
I^rd John iinpraciic«ble ahnndonwl rltoat 
li^mpl on IS .Iiin<\ and acii<'pl'>d thn offics 0__ 
lord president of Iho council in I^ll^lercton'a 
miniitry (ww Mahtix, Life of I'rincf <\,n. 
tort. iv. .IflS: Walpole. Lirtl Jo/in Ittuutll, 
ii.SlXI; 'AW*, 12Jiinel8fi9). Un ib<'d<^atti 
of Palni«T«1ou (October IStiri) his claims to 
mcceed him aa premier wete disciiMed, but 




ha wuDoiMBt for b^tlM queen. M«MitiiM 
be bad been, ■■ 1602, cluiraiaii of tbo ro]r«l 
oommiMiaa for tbe exliibition of ihu jrwr, 
and u IflltB was anraintod loni warden of tbu 
CnqnaporU. lDl.WinDbcrlS66h«Moepted 
tha edic* of •ecroinr]; of *(ato for tbe coImuo* 
in Jlr. OhilsIoiK'* tinl adiniiiiMnilioii. His 
policy WM tbc then accv])t<.-<l litK'nl pi^licy. 
He wnbdnw tbe imgwrial troops from HTMsI 
fofein atwions, a^eeiallj in Nnw ZeaUnd 
■elrea Ui« taak of providing for tbi^ir own 
MeuntT.and biscUvulaj in rcjil^ tothepn>- 
mm] for a colonial eonforDOce m IMt> vaa 
aiacoimgingtotbeootanie*. Still, vrbeoEnrl 
RniaaU moved tor a oommiMioa on colonial 
peUor (SO June 1870; >ee Ilucaaiin, Pari. 
IMattr, ocil -ifil V— & boalite motion— bo de- 
fcoded binawlf lacoecsfuUy, and tbe motion 
was wilbitrawn. He wn» in office at tlie time 
of ibe iraiufer of ibe torriioty of the ilud- 
MOb'a Ili^Oompan; to Canada, unduftlieKed 
Rtvi-r rvvnl t and conrcqutnl csjih! i E tun under 
Ooloadt WobeUy. As leader of ibe Hmiae 
of Lotds be was Tety saoeesefkil ia carrying 
(be bieh ducb and Land Dill* of tbp go- 
TwniBenilluwigli a lioatile aH<mibl)'. lli: 
waa BO orator, and intpiml no mtbusi«jm ; 
bat be wat an cxcrJInnt man of biuinvm, 
■neticn) and taetful.Iocid in vxpoBiiioniand 
mpertnriMbljffood-tiainuurrd. Tbeoompro- 
ouae neeatiated in Juljr It^ br Ardibishop 
Tatt, WDi-n tbe IIoiim of LonU was on tbo 
verge of open lujKurewitb tbc'lIoiiHofCou- 
noaa on tbe Irish Qiuicb Hill, laigvl;r owed 
tt« Ruoe««s to lui ooBciliaiorr donw-suour, and 
to Kitrirniniii'*cininicrroui)CoodKDM in a^ 
eepliiig tlwrrfponiibiliiTof ncrtltfrnpiit («(f 
DATtDeux. L^e </ Anlibuk"p Tttit. l(*i'l. 
it 40). Oathedeaibof Lonl CUrvn'I'-ii.iiii 
:I7 Jimp l.srO^Ornnvillewae tmnsrerroil to t Ik' 
ftweign office, aivd •'traigbtwar annonnofd, 
on tbe auihofiijr of Kdmund, anerward* lord 
llaniinond [^v.],tbe permanent undvr^ecre- 
tnrj for fonMgn a&iAr *^^ ^"^ * eloud oW 
Mnued tbe proepect oif pi««c. A furlnigbl 
Inter France anil I'roMla TtvK b1 war. Uran- 
rillp'itnakwaamoti ililficalt. He bad toiire- 
■orvH llie ni-ulralily uf Gerat LtrilUB,wtucb 
was formallr ili-clanid on 19 July, to tecun) 
the tnviolabiliiy of Itelgium, to offer medi** 
tion, whirb tViuvia would not acci^, to 
eootUe tbe Friineb rcwntmcnt at tbe >ym> 
patbj wbirb llie Ktmlish people geaeiiilljr 
Mtrtidi-fl toiliePnuMau,andtOI«qKiBd.tO 
Count BeraatoriTs piotetu a^w4 tbe nl- 
hged export of botae*. arms, and coals from 
England to France, WkbrtfaidloBelgium, 
Oranvilletoobsnoppofftonily, on 10Atig.,of 
eonecting, br an outiipabMi dreUration in 
tb* HoBSe M LordH, tbo uncertainty caused 

bjrMr.Gladttoae'B ambiguoui dulivcrv in tbe 
commons on W A<ig. (UuthaIid, i'arl. Jitbate*, 
eciii. 1703, 17&4), and he suooeedMl in ob- 
taining the aienit of PriisHa and l*'nncu to 
new trealie* for tlie niaintmsnce of tbe 
quintuple aiTanp.-niDnt for tbu neniralit; of 
Belgium aiTtred at in 1639. Wbon tbo 
FVeneh goremaeBt of national dofoDon r»- 
qoMt edthcmediationor Engiond, OraaTille's 
band* were lietbb^ the bet that I^rwais de- 
firrd no mrtlintion, and tbal alreadjr Englisb 
feding nn.i *o far in favour of Iguana that 
luB cautMiu nuuualitj was nusrmoMnied 
alike in England and tttOennaay. H4i,bow> 
«veT, f>ndeavo«ii«d to arrange an amiMtioe, 
and inslnicifil tlit^ uii^mben of tbu KnglUh 
, embassy in ^itT^rid all poaaible OMiatancu to 
, refugeeiL llranwliile in October li<TOKuatia 
ntpiuUaicd witlinui explanation her obtign- 
t ions with N^ard to till! IlliickS^a under tbe 
Inatyof ["aruof ISOil. (irauTilld's protests 
wvre unaiuirt^rabkr. but l>rincnQa««di^oir, 
knowing thnt EngUnd wonU not interfotv 
by force, wua indilEnt^nt to dii^oniatie argv> 
ineni*. Tn dor Granville's auepioe* tbe con* 
fi?ntncoof I^oiidon mot in January ItiTl, and 
fonoolly dcnird in Evnorsj, while nrBCliestly 
alUrming in particular, tbo rigbt ol Ituuia to 
act a» aha lnul done. XS'hcn, in I87S, became 
10 negotiair ihu r«n(?wal of ibe conraMTcial 
treaty with France be found the French go- 
vonunenl nnoonciliatory. TbeUnitedStaice 
gov orament, loo, bad Mnced the opportunity 
toprewforntctllomont of the various claims 
nriding nut nf ilin drnivdalions of the Ala- 
bama nndtbi!OUt*tandingQsharie«quealioiia, 
Granville, forlliciakoof poBC»,*abmittedlO 
irri- ^'[vat cvtii.'i.-wiuna. 'llio tmaty of Wasb- 
iiittt»i> w«<»-ii;n,xlont4May I871,andin tba 
»ul>»>wliii;ii( ii,<iirvn arbitration claims wen 
ailmilioii by tbo nrbitfalont and eveatoally 
tuiiii-r t hoir award pud t^ tbe gorenuMut of 
Great Ilrituin, wbich Inlgdy eiceednl the 
damages fairly traceable to iho AUliama 
cruiser. In ibu nMnagHoent nf Centra] 
AuanquMtiuns bi* pnlicTwoii n^unlly ham- 
pered hy 111,? inipuMibtirty of ilKnrtivo r«- 
Hstance, In 1871 be arrangt'd with I'rinM 
(jortecbakofl' for the maintunanM of an in- 
IrrmediatK ion<- iii Central Asia betwrvn ibe 
Ihon Ittuutan fmiilirr and A^bontilan. Itul 
when, in 1873, Ituuia nrciipled — prnna- 
nenlly, as it pruvod Kbivn within tbo nou- 
Iral sune, be hod tn accent Count iJcfaou- 
valoff's aseimaciu that the advance waa 

(iranvillo'sforMen policy WM not feuod in 
tbo oln:iion of 18cl to have added strength 
to IImi libnul party. During six veer* of 
opposition be cnnirtiled biusetf, as loader of 
his party in the House of Lank, with a 

Leveso n-Gowe r 




waiclifol and ^slirltMil criticiflm of llii^ruili'it 
foreiRTi policy, whith wiit oftiin vnry tifipctiTB. 
Thnlnttiir In wliidi Mr.lilndnIoneatinDunood 
bis roiiwaiont from imUic lifc in 1B74 hid 
bwii it<ltln-iii<.-d lo Kim, Hiid Iiv ilinri^d villi 
Lord ]liir<iD),'Ioii thv limder^liipof tha lilK-ml 
psrly. On tli<? (k'fvul of llm cou»vrvativu 
ininislry &i lliogeiiefal •'!«« loti of 1 &80Or»n- 
vitla WM Agaiii Mnt tor bj ilii^ qiio«n, biir 
the tuk of formintr nn ad mini si rut ion, in 
which (irnnviilp rc-»umc>(l chnrfjc of the 

fort>igii oHjci'. ills iK'Cniid triiiire irf tliu post 
iif foreign HecrelHry luvoiitcd no ^niHler «p- 
iiearnriCL-uf 4tr>>ii^'r!iuri)iiccv«^ilibuhi8 Bntt. 
V(ir'ii'riir*in Iiih tn/nlment of lUe difficiiliiM 
in l!in iv>iidan lit<t collr^upii wnm nd rwpon- 
■iblr< lu himnclf, but, fnc" In fncc with new 
quuitions, Uranvillu odlu^nl loo clotvly to 
notion* diTJvod from the siste of Kurojic ria 
it wasBl tliv tim^of theSc^condEtupin.-. His 
(li^liht- of PniB^tu tvd Liin lo teisial ralber 
imrpotiflfMly tbi.- policv of Prince BiMnarck, 
yot did not prtiwrve bim ftiini friction with 
ih« French r«puh)ic. ni» Siirx ('una! cnn< 
vonlion of 1R^ provoked no mucli hoatility 
unDDK KnErliih ibiiiowncrii that puUiimi.-tii 
njiver rnliliod it. When vnriou* Kuropi-nn 
uuwvrii (.'luimed uNciccupiiNl AiricHn li-rritorv, 
his uucLTtu in policy IihI to the rcoaniitluti of 
' spherN' of iniUiuiici'' in Africa by which laive 
tracti te«rv pri'inntiirnly plac«d btyond tba 
miiphnf KnKiii-hnnui'Siilion. AngraPemifan 
and ibi-Ciimi-raim* in Africa, and I'ttrt of Xow 
lluinea ill I'olyni'siu, were allowed lo slip 
out lit tliL' posti-Niion of (irL-Ht liritaia. Un 
the other hand, by bit bandlin); of tha Mon- 
tenegrin Qii-'*tioii bu holpcd tu pri-w-rve the 
psoM of ]''unjH-, ond hia detpalclic- cu tbn 
occupation of Tunis went fHunprollyapproTod. 
In diiqiofition at nil tim«s aomowbiit indn- 
lunt, br wni during his Mcond t^m at tbi^ 
fortiffn oilier? unublf lo conn with tbi- cnur- 
tnoiiB incnuiae in ike bulk of its biisiui-sa — ^un 
incresM in twenty yeara of from 'tuvt'nieen 
thouutitl to Mrventy thoueund ileAfiaiclie* 
per nnnum. In negnfiatioii bo wn« itill 
mipplR, and wn' h mniilnr nf thi< iirt of 
diplomatic convRtvalinn with iimbauadorK, 
bill be was by nature loo weak lo Iretit 
aun^iwifiilly with the powerful »tale>mi.-n 
wbo dlrecti'd In bin day the policy of tbe 
(fwat EiiMpt^ii (Bnvens. Aoconlinirly.bBViiig 
rwiifimod Willi lb"re*l of Ibi- liberal miiiiMiy 
in IWi, anil |iaTiri)t ndlif'ri'd to Mr. (ibiif- 
ftann nn the home rule ([luuilinn in iKHii, 
be did not return to the fnrni^ olEpe in Mr. 
Qlndnlone'i nbort third ad m mini rat ion, but 
held tbc: colonial olKce till the fall of ibe 
nunistry in ibe summer. From that lime 
rnitil bid doath, though he continued lu lead 

liiti party in ih>> llouan of li^riU, failing 
health withdrew him more and more from 

fubbe life. llediedinSonthAudley Street, 
london, of iput and un abnoeiui in ibe face, 
on 31 March D^dl, imd wna buried at Sloii« 
in SialToriliihire. 

He was CTvatfu] a knighl of tli« Oarter in 
\i^!iT, waa f<tecti>d chancellor of the univer- 
sity of London in 1806, was n fellow of the 
Kovat Sorieiv, and rsceivoil the degree of 
D.O.L. ai Dii'ord in 1865. 

Hr marrird. lint, un L'li July 1840, Muu 
Louina, only child and beirets of Einerio 
Joaevh, due du Dalbere. and widow of Sir 
Ferifinand Acion of Ald^iibam, Shra^hirei 
who died diildleo* on 14 March ItUiOi Mid 
secondly, on '2<i Rent. lAtfTi, Cin^talia ito*ii- 
jiad, roiingesi daugliter nf Walter Frcdenek 
Campbell of Isluy, .Xrgyllnliire, by whom hir 
bod two soDi, of whom The eldmi, GrunTJIle 
(]eOTge,ettCCeed»l bim, and three daughter*. 

[Informntinn for Xonj Omnvllie'* life ha* ar 
prairMiC lo b« C[illci;led from Hannard's Parlia- 
moniorj Ilobatw, the Forf ign Office Blue Booka, 
tbn tlln ol' the Times, iinU iho Annual Rrgiiler, 
IBSO'90. But tto. bns'ilva tl»i1<u<ik«aboCBclud, 
MrmoirB of Richiu-d ItedgrnTi!. IBUl ; MMDoin 
of Count von Bouai. ii. ■•■ii.] J. A. D. 


ELUl-OETil Gi;uKliL\NA. nrciiB»OF 

SVTBBU.AKti {|f^l.H;-lf^>|, third daughter of 
Geo^ ITowanl, «ixtii I'lirl of Carl iile, and 
Laily (■■■nrgiiina Donilby Cavendiib, elde«t 
daughter of Ibe fifth Dukr of llevoiuJiire, 
was bom ^1 Mav 1606. ()u28May 18S3ahe 
was married loliur cousin Oeowo Oranrille 
hod been elected M.P. for St. Mawe», Corn- 
wall, in 1808, and succeeded bis father a» 
necond Poke nf Sutherland In ISSS. lie had 
previounly bei-n dubarri-d from matriaony by 
n ronianiio nl tiu'bment forLouive, the unfor- 
tunale qdcen of Prussia: but the union with 
l.udv Iliirriet lIowiird^rovedonuofaireCtioD. 
By lliH dui-beMi's tnlluence Stall'urd lIoiiae,Sl. 
Jutnet'i Pnlnoi', hecauii* au importaiit c«ntN 
of society (LoBO lios.tT n ftfiwicit, A/kuhw- 
CFiioe*, vnl. i. chap, i.), and ibe Mirlintc-pnint 
of vnrioiiK pbilanThrojiie undertakings. Tbcn 
tbo protest of the English hidic« againut 
Araorioan slavery was framed in 1853. On 
the oooewton of V^oeeu \'ictoriB the duohiMs 
«raa appointed miniretMofihe robes, and held 
that po«t when the wbi^mwere in office until 
herhusbandV death (.^ugiiM. l>Vi! to Sep- 
lember 1841. July IWtt to March 1852, 
January IKW to hebriiary IBM, June 1858 
to April IS61). I'rnin the qiieenV n-fusol 
to part with Ibe ducbessand her other Indie* 
ikTose the bedcbamher crisis of 1850, with 
the result ibat the wbig» rctumeil to o&m. 

linn or tlw dachoM'* cliAtnctcr (MaKiix, 
iVi'nof OMMTt, ii. 245), nnd after Ihc di-ntli 
of the priarc ootuort (p«Dt iho fini neck9 
of her wtdtiwliood with the ducbew W h«r 
Botilary compauioii. Thvdticben't laaljpublic 
^p«*miee wu at ihe Prince of wsIm'* 
BuiTMgo in 1HI-1. [q that ^oar shft wm 
•abtd «ilh ma illnnwi from which aLo never 
»COV«Md. lloTiiTcr, nbe WW abli; to entcr- 
tua Ouib*]^ for wham aho had j^'ut ud- 
nuntioii, at Catiwkk Houk and Trt-iiihiiiii, 
StaffbnliJure, durins bin riMt u Engluid in 
April ltl«l; 8ht>died27 0rl. leea 

The diacbtM'e letUn, of which a wUiciion 
bM bem pabliabod by hor «an Ix>rd Knnald 
Gow«r in * Stallhrd Hoiue Lot t«r*,' pis. iv ri., 
pfVM bcr w haYO boon poMuwed of au allVc- 
tioBNte diificuilinB, with aome acnut) of hu- 
mour. SLi- hud aUo a Umc Aw axchitcolure 
and BBTdiming. Hvri-leTenthiUmilnclud«d 
ti«cirgi) QruiviUe William Suthvland, tht> 
tbird dnke [hk under LsTKiOT-fJowcii, 
Gbomk GuxriLts, llr>t DrKsl; of her 
daugbt*!*, IJliubolh (1H34-187S) wna mar- 
tied in IH44 to tbe cifibtb l>itkt of Arirrll -. 
Evtfyn (ISiO-leeS) lu rhe twrmh IlitMii 
BbnlTTi.- ill Itfil3; Carolinu (18;!^-I88T) to 
the fourth l*uki- of Lvinslvr in |IS4T: and 
CoottaiiM ( I»38-I8W) 1« thu flrrt Duke of 
Wattvinaler m 18(3. 

[LoH Ronald Oowtr't RFniiiiiw«iii;D8, ISSS; 
HtaBurd Ilowa I^elim. «iit«d b* the aiLmp. 
ISSI,} I. C. K. 

GovGB ( I tiTu- 1 7<K*|. born on 7 Jaii. 187-I-fi, 
wan tJw> eltl««t »»n of 8ir Willtnm Lpvmoii 
Oowsr (if. ItJDI), fourth harnni^t of Krit- 
tMifcain, Yorkuhirr, bv hU wife Lndv Jnno 
Oh-DTill« {il. IWe),eUnt daughter of John 
nn-DTilIe. IbM oarl oTBatb [q. v.] Hewoa 
fiDrdahim, 00 the dtalb of hia father in liKiI, 
and wpw c ntfd lh« borough until lit* elera- 
tiod to tbe pwriicn. On 1 April 1701 Ooww 
tnpaacbad tbe wl of Portland in tho nana 
at all tho Mumocia of Kngland (i.VTTMELL, 
Xeiatim of SlaU Afain, ]hC7. r. 34). It 
being found nettmaiy la create a majurity 
in ihe upper boUMe, be wu inad« a peer a* 
Ba^»l uower of StiiteDham on 10 March 
17*r-3 (Brsxtn. (hm Timt, Oxfonl ed. it. 
34-11, wa« awom of thr jiiiT^muncil on t)i4 
fi>l]awinp ^1 April, doii nt tho miuic tim* 
wa* doclar*d <-ruuicellor of tbo Uuchy of 
Laaiuuler in ihc place of tin; Earl of Stan- 
fcrd (LOTTBSI-L, V. ICo). In 1706 he wm 
etM) of the ooEDiniiMiofierA who conchidi-dthe 
naioa betweni Enfflaad and Scotland, being 
dies ohuioellor ot tbo ducby, but was ilis- 

miiiM^I from office on 1 J Mnj of ihtl ^ear 
{ill. vi. JBI. I if (il.-d m IlclvoirVViIi-, Graiit- 
hnni, I.incolnshi(e, on 31 Aug. 170H (A. *i. 
INJ), and wtt» buried nl Trcntliam, Stafford- 
►liire, on 10 S«yt, following. In Siiiierober 
iWi hn marfied Ludjr Catheriuu )liitiaen>, 
d(tuffbt«r of Jobn, first duke of Ituilmd (t'A. 
ii. W^), and had bv her four »on* «nd two 
dau^htfiD). Ijidv (tower dird 7 March 17 IJ 

ILrtUrt o/ A-iminMratioK, V. ('- (!. June 

EiRL GoWER (rf. 17<rl), was cniDtvd U.C.L. 
atOxfortlunllJ Aug. 1.32. On 12 May 1710 
he "Ki* d<>cliin'd oii<* of the lord* jiMttcM of 
tho ktiigiiom, during tht< king's absence in 
llnnnrnr. |in l> July 17-12 he wu consti- 
tutirl eiutm roiulonim of Slaffiudtbire, aitd 
four doT» later lord priry «oal and a piiry 
eouufillor. He waa appointed a lord jusiico 
for the Ht^coud time OH 9G Aj'nl 17-13, woB 
elected recorder of LichtSi^ld on the (bllow- 
iiw Ifi Sept., and on 10 IK-c. resigned his 
office of lord privy »enl. l.>n 2R ll.-c, 17-14 
be wilt iigaiii fnut<'t(''d lord privy vnl, and 
in 174'ioac of the lord* jualie™. On tho 
breaking out uf the Jacooite rebellion he 
milled o regiiiii^t of foot for the luui^'a eei^ 
vice. In rwiirnitiou of bis lovatly he vras 
ereftted Viwoimt Treotb&m ana Earl Gower 
by 1ett«i» patent dat«d 8 July 1746. lu 
1748, 171(0, and 17.'>2 bf ngnin nctcd a* one 
of the lordnjuaticif. He (Tiwi ;;') Dec. 1764. 
lie married fint, on 8 Murcb 1711-12, L«iy 
Evelvn ['ierrppoini (rf. 17 June 17^7), lliira 
dautfliler of Evelvn, duke of Kingeton ; 
Koondly.onSl Oct. 1793, PeiMli>pe(<r.I9 Aug. 
1734), willow of Sir Henry Atkins, barl., 
and daughter of Sir John Stonhnusi?, bnrt. ; 
and thirdly, in 1731!, I.ndy Mary, widow nf 
Anthony G rcy, iurt of Horald, ion of H<.nuy, 
duke of Kent, and dnu^ter ajid coheiresa of 
ThoniaATuftoa,«arlofThaa«t. Bebediasue 
by all tbtve tnamagM; Granfille lieveeon- 
Gower, flrst marquis of Stafford, hie tbinl 
ean by his first wife, and Ji^n Loveeon- 
Gover (1740-1762), his wcond son by hi* 
third wifo, arv irparately nottcod. Ilia poi^ 
trnit by Vantoo boa bcwn cngrared by Fonw. 

[CoUiDs's Prnrett* (linnlgtsV ii. 44T-ftO ; 
Ef aiH'ii Cat. of EDgrurcd Portnita, L HS.1 


17('2).t>MiT-«ln:iinil, wcond «on of John, first 
earl Gower >-e iiiidi'r I.EVDMX-downt, 
Jons, lllT.Virw], by his third wife Mary, 
widow of Anthonv Grev, oarl of Ilarold. 
Ho i* said br (?ollin> (i'etragB, v. S48), in 
rvidfiit miAtAt', to hnvi? been liom in 1743 j 
the dule of John's birlh wtu 11 July 17W. 



In the cnrly w^ntli* c{ 1760 hp -waa com- 
DUiid[Ti)ftbc!KinHtisIii.-rs!oDp, uiuJr>iiiJi>Juiiu 
ytM promoIi.ll to Dr- cuptuiii uf (lit- I'luinlnj- 
rough frij(iite. From lier lie wii" iiuifkly 
movtd into tlw Quebw, wLicli be ODmmaiiJrtl 
in the Mivlitefroii'.'ftii, till tlif pnnoc. Iln 
oftrrwHnls, in 17A'>, commiinil^^d t.iio Afric* 
ou Iht'ciwlof ntiinivt niidinthcWuiil Intlivi ; 
thv ^V.ohi' frignlo, in ihu Modiiefraaeuu, iu 
irSB-" ; tliK i'mirl on I lie liomo luid the Nuw- 
foiindknd atoliona in I'liV-T'i; aiid itie Al- 
bion eull^cl^tljp Ht Plymoulli in IT7-1. In 
1T77 uuwiw apfiointoJ to (Iw Vulianlforser- 
Tioe in thd Cli&iiiiel, nnil in tliu rxrlinn olV 
Uslisul on 37 July 1778 wn* one of llic iid- 
in tbe Fuiiitniyiint. On the siibseijiit-nt court 
martini (iownr'ii evidcncL- waa strongly iu 
Ke[Tp«rii fftvoar.aiidonKepperBBtriliiug bis 
flnB lifter bis nuquUtal, Qowvr alM reciimvd 
bin coniuiuiid, nor did lie terse a^in nnlil 
ftiW till- thaage of roinwtry in Murch 1782. 
wli(>n lie wv* nppointod Swt ckptoin of lbi> 
Victory with Lord l[owD,Bjidfenrcdinlhal 
capacity both in the CkumoL itnd later on 
at thoriili.if of Olbmliiirand tueikirmUh off 
Cup" Spurlid. From Jiinuary ta April 17B3, 
and ii^iiin &um Drui^nilwr 1783 to July 1788 
Oowirr wDB oiii> of th<! junior lords of tao ad- 
miralty «itb I>oni llfiw*, crmlinniiig at th« 
odminittv nitb the Knrl of rhnlhum lill.ln- 
nuurv ifOO, DiirinBllii* timi) lit! boisipd tt 
broau ponnnnt in llio llohe friRBle in 17t*Ii, 
forn summer crui*t' round Greiit Briliiin nilh 
Prlncr Willium llenryi aud in tb<.- Edfiur in 
17H7, ill coinmuud of the Cliuiinel squadron. 
On 'Ji Sriit. 17'i'7 lie was ndiiiiiepd to be rear- 
admiml, Mild in llin following summer hoiilnd 
Ilia Aag nuiiin in ibn ICilgnr in the Cbnnni'L 
During t£n ^paiiiih armomirnt in 171K) lie 
was ttffnia finti rapliiiu to Lord Kowl'. Hh 
ditKl nf iin npnjili'c'lic lit on 10 Aug. ITlt^. 
Ilemurricd in I77;(l''run«eii, duugbler of Ad- 
miriil iho Hun. Edward Boacawi^n, by whom 
he Ifl'l a aoa. 

[Chnrnock's King. Nnv.ri. SOI ; OtScinl leltrfo 
in tlio f.iMif Rwiml Dfflw.) J. K. L, 

LEVETT, HRSRY. M.D. (1808-1725). 
pbyaician. w.'u uf \\'illiam l^vett or I*vet of 
Swindon, Wiltshifc, W8» bom in 1668. He 
wua -eat to the Ohnrterliousn, irhicb hv left 
iu I(l8lj, entering 1*2 June nt Miigdnlenllnll. 
OxfoTtl. In tbo following month he waa 
eleclottn demy of Miigdnli^nCoUegV, andwaa 
pre»enT diirinR the coulest about the Itin^'M 
visitoriol Dower iu the aiitnmnof 1*3^7. Jle 
waaprobamy espial 1 I'd with most of tli«i other 
demie* duriag tDo winter, nnd on 30 June 
loss was «1i*oted a f«llow of Exoter CoU 
lege. He graduated fi.A.Sl Nov. 109S, M.A. 

7 July Wm. M,B. i June lfl»5, and M.D. 
2:^ April 16W. He cntM in I^ndnn, and 
wim .ili-ciisl a foHovf of tlie Collngo of I'hy- 
sit-ifliw L'3 IJi-c. 1708. On Stf April 1707 bo 
WI13 i-U'cled uby»iiriiin to Si. Itarlbolomew'a 
IlLirpitul, audonlijuu. 1712-1^ bvcamvvhy- 
tiicinn tu ibo Cbarli-rliouHe, where li« Liittd 
till bis death on '2 July 173fi. He rebuilt, at 
bia own cost, the phynciui'a booM b; tli«^ 
CTent guie in Chart«rliousa Squu«. Thsj 
house a still standing, and llio boAUtiftil oaki 
earring and panelling which ho put up ) 
main in tho roomn. Il isnowtUe residcnoeof'] 
the surgeon-npotlK-carv 1o the fuundalioOi 
11b waa censor uf ibe L'ullfigi- of Pliytioiaaa 
iu 1717 and iren.-iir^r for livy v.>ar*. Among 
liiii friends were Dr. Williiiiii\Vng*t;iiiV[q.v.} 
and Dr. John froind ^ij'V.], and ho wna 
throughout lif[<nn ndlurint of ibcbiifb chuicb 

Enrty. llpomo wrott' of him nt tho time of 
is death 03. 'a sweel-li-iupen-d man, a most 
i-.xcullynl physic inn. well-ln-'Lovcd, very honeat 
an a complver, und had an excellent study of 
hooks.' His tomb,withan elegant t'Otin in- 
scriptioD coinmtimorating liin Ioyo for the 
Charlurhouno, ifi in thn chapnlof Iha bmtlircn 
in tho Cbarli-rhonBi., London, llii widow] 
remarried in 17L'9 Andrew Tooke (ltl75- 
l?.*!!), heaii-maatcT of L'liurtijrhousu. 

On Iu June I71u Levvtt wiut«, at Dr.^ 
Freind's rvquctil, a IttliT on the treaUaent i 
»uial]-pox. Iu this he relates two ca«M,ftnd 
expreeaea an opinion in favour of thn tun of 
ciithorlic*. Tho brticr, which in in Latin, 
in printed in tlie Latin edition c)f |)r. i'rciiid'a i 
colleeled worli*, pulli>hi-din 17!!3, It aoonlB i 
prolinble that he ulso wrote the short memoiri 
of Dr, Wafrnlalle, prelijied to the fir»t ediliiiaj 
of the laitcr's*Mi»cellHDeou& Works' in 17S8hJ 
Iu the second edition (1720'] ibe anchor 
\\'Bik-stftffe'» ' Characle'T' is deiirilmd oa ad 
'omini'Ut Phyiiician, no Ii-m valued for bik| 
nkitl in bii profcMion, which be ahewud in 
iinvoral nacfiu troatiaN, than adiuired for his 
Wit and FoceliooanL'Mi iu Ccnrersatiou.' 

[Munk'i Coll of riivi ij. JJ ; Fmiod* Opcm 
Mmlicn.i;is.1i NichoU'>.yt.Anocd.ii.l07;WRS- 
ataffK'* VTurks; Illco»un'»li?|t. nf MiuiUUn OoT- 
lon, Oxford, tL as : HmmoBColI.ed.UobUtOrf. 
HlRt-aac.) : Boaaa'aliog. Kxowr »i-3.] 

1782J, 'thot odd old Mimeon wlioro Job 
kepi 111 hid houH! lo trtid I he oiit-pvuMonen) < 
nnaliveof Hull in Yorkshire, wot bum aboaVil 
1701. Some part of bis early life waa i 
inParis. Tlierebebeciiuieawaiterinac 
house much tVnquenled liy Fmncli inirgctnu, 
who,pl«iiMd with t.nv<!ltVin<juiiitivR turn of 
mind, procured him imtruelinn in pharmacy 
and anatomy. Sk-ltling in London ho actuna 




to baro Kuulri'd mrae pnctic* an a surgeon. 
IVobttbl^ nboul 1748 hn maAe ihn icqiiaint* 
■ace of l>r. Johiunn. In a Mtrr lo Rnrntii 
of 90 Jul; I'S^Jobiuon cpt^lu of liim uiri> 
ceutij ouuried to ■ wonua of (hu lown. wLo. 
aotwitlutuuIuiK tlie fact ibat tluMr vIkk of 
fmdMTOM* had altrairi btwn a •mall eoaX- 
«tMd ia F«ii«r lAuc^liBd )wnutul«d Levott 
' tliBt aliti wa« nearij relalod to a man of 
fortiuir, but «m iDJurioiuiIj ItnM bv him oiit 
of lam iKWMMiaM.* Qoldaaitii, alluding to 
tUa id«attiuie to Boairell in JoIt 1 T&t. laUl : 
■ Leri^tt ia now liMxiine miteraMc, aiid ilint 
tnaurMtbeprotMlioiiof Jobaaon.' It apixMin) 
tbat Jofaami was (he aiewuof HTBcliti); a m>- 
uration betwmn tlw {lair, and aoiDf 1inD« in 
1703 l«nrtt bwanin a rq^Iar iiimalp of bia 
bona*. naaWflU call* bim 'niikwnrd and un< 
contb,' bat Jobuwa found bim ' uanful and 
' oampHuoaable.' * Lofvtt, Eaodatn,* lie noid to 
. Mn. 11u»l«. ' ia a bruUl fellow, but I hart' a 
I good ngani for him, for bia bruloiilj' is iu ItlB 
tOMJOitn, not in fais inind' {Mme. v'Asblat, 
Dianf aid Lttlm, \. tiSl. After makjnelda 
for Jobnaon on ifae Utt«r'« ri«in^ «t anoiit 
clcvm o'clock inlhii iDomii]^, I^vott iihuIIt 
iront round amnoi^ bia palinnlii,tbRnatt«ndi.'d 
Hiuit«r'i Inriurira, aixl did not n;ttini until 
leu at nicbt. Uii rvUlioc* with the rent of 
tlia bouartiold ven aomiewbat Mt«ined. Hid 
diief failti^ wa« oret-iadolgwice ia drink, 
bat tbia, aa Job&aon oboervet, waa natnly 
;tlia rovlt of i>iti«iM prudence. 'IIo nv 
I fleeted tfaat if hx roltiatd the ^tii or btandv 
I aAnd bin bjr aom* of hit pfttieata be could 
Imtb been do nintr bj their eniv, an they 
might have badnotliiiiff ulntobratowon bim. 
He would swallow what he did not liktr, aay, 
wbat he fcaew would iiijatv liim. rathi^r llian 
go bonie wiib an id«a tbat hit (Jiill had bwn 
oieitcd wilhoiil rM-oBipiqtM.' 

Ho died auildnalj on 17 Jan. 17S3, luid 
«M bariedooSO Jan.iu Itridcwrl! rrmrtnry 
(WKBaTijnandCrx>isii(ix>i.i.:;i4). Writ- 
ing of bia lOM wm« wchIm adur to Itenntrl 
iLan^tOD [q. T.], whom Leic-it bad iu ilie 
f ftnt dtrtonce initodaoed tu bim.JohnAon n- 
I Miirinad: 'How miicli aoever I islii«d hini,l 
■Ow wiah ibat f bad Talui>>l bim morr.' In 
fbe'Anaiial Itt^iMrT'for 17at(n. l>N)}nn. 
M««d aoue ToTMe by Johnwii oa liia liiimbli: 
mend, which nwke loucUinir rrfrrcnee to 
Ltfintt'a cood qiuUitioa. Komu lime befu«v 
Ua omi dvnih .IciIiiikid di>ci.<ver«) bv iiinuiB 
'■ of adnttl*caiitnl Let«lt's brotbi-rn, n h(i were 
tliriagobecHrelj inYuckabire.Bnddivid^fdUia 
^modeel m tings among ilivm. 

[Oant. Mac. J. pp. IiH-3; Nidtol*'* 
Lit. IltuMr. T>. U7: Hofweira J«t>Rv>o. cl. i>. It. 
BULpaiaJm; lUwItinv't Ji;liiuoa.p. ISA: Hr«, 
Piem a Ancololta and LMett, puaim.] T. S. 

LEVI, DAVID (.1740-1799), Jewish con- 
IroYprKialti-t, born in London in 1740, was »on 
of Xlonli-cni l.«ri, a member of il»i London 
congregation of lifn-mnn and Polinh Jowfi. 
Ho waa M an enrl^ n^ opprwntioed to n ahoe- 
aukcribut pnctiswl thai trade without much 
anc w ai, uid aubeequ«utlj mode a precariooa 
liTeUbood aa a batniltveaKr. 

A deosn of aending him iu ytmik (o Poland 
to atudf Hebrew literature nndor hid grrat- 
graiid&t!ier,n I'oliiJi rabbi, came to nothing 
dnag 10 the rnbbi'a mnoral at the time to 
I'atntinc. Bui Lrri noon acqiiirvd at home 
H ^»k1 kiiowlfd^' iif Urbn>w, and road in kii 
leuuK the chief biblical commmtarioa and 
mauy ^wliah llieologicttl worka. In 1763 
hn pabliuicd * A Saocinct Account of the 
Itiic* and Cerrtnoniwi of the Jewa, in which 
their llnligiouii Princinl(« and Teneta are Ex- 
plained, partienUrl]: thi> Uoct riant of the ]{«• 
anrreotioa, I'lvdtatinalion, and Frae Will, 
and tbe opinion of Dr. Ilamphrar Prideaux 
concermnff thuw Teneta refuted. Between 
178^ and 1787 he ]iubliHhi>d in wiicLlr parte, 
under the title of ' I,ingiiB Sacra,' a llebtew 
^rrunmar, nilk nxplnnntionfi in P'oiflii'li and 
a Hi^bri^w-HnKtiui iliciionnrjr. Tlu" work 
formed thraebull^ octavo volume*, and thdr 
iM'riodical i»ue entailed ao nucb labour on 
Lrvi thai be waa compelled to abandon hie 
' mi'chauical biiKineaa,' and to work at them 
sixteen hours n day (see vol. tii. ad Jin. ' To 

to the Jcwi, inritinti tbfm lo nn Amicable 
llitcussinn of tlic Evidnnceaof ChrioliniLitj.' 
lA-vi replied in tlicaamc Tcor in ' Li-tlenito 
Dr. Pripitley.' In ihe udrertisemeot be do* 
wribtid himaelf as * a aincere enquirer after 
truth,' who did not deaire to wfleol upon 
'Inie ChriMianity,' hut he »ougliI to reftite 
the authcniicicy of tli" New Teslnmeat, and 
to vindicate on lajtii'-iil gmuad* hie ndh(in>ttoe 
tu Judaimi. Dr. I'rii-itlpy thought thn at- 
tempt ']j(«>r,'but deemed it wi»B to notice it 
at Iciiglh io a M-cond jiort of bia 'I«tt<vs* 
(1788t. whereupon Levi relOTlvd inaaeoond 
Irad (I78!>). iu which healaoanawervdmaiij 
ni here who had written answers to liiafirat 
Inirt, vit. t*nmiii'l Cooper, Jniite^ Biclieno, 
i'liilin David Krauler, John llntllev Swain, 
and Antplm Ifovlry [q. v ' IVicilfey, after 
M^iliiia ihi« n-ply, deelani Levi unworthy 
of funbi^r notice, and the Kci*. Itiebnrd Becre 
eMma to have continued the conlruveriy 
fiinglehanded in 'An Euiatle lo the Chin 
Pneet and Ktilere of the Jew* ' ( 1 78»). Levi 
found a ii<<wniitag<>tiial in I790,wliea bepub- 
li'bMl ■ l>-tter» to Naihani«] BrUMjr Halhed, 
.M.I'., in \titvot to hie TMtinouj of the 
Autlienticity of tba Prophecie* of Iticbird 


BroLUnn fq. r.], anJ bin prrli-iuti-il >Tip--i(iTi 
to roctdl tUB Jew*.' In Ii5"i !,-ivi wrut-H 'A 
Di«feoc«of tlie Old Te-tninini m n Suric* of 
I^tWm adiiKMed lo 'Diinii.i- I'liinc,' w-hfim- 
'AfoofKeMon'hoil ni'.i' l>"I :l:.' I'.ii>U'wit.b 
mucli ncutpnoi*. Tlii-:;i liii-r- \v.>ri; lirst 
)mWi>ln>d in Now Vork in IZitT. 

Mfnnwliilc Lovi uxpciiti-d aoiiie uaoftil lite- 
rary work fur Ills cci-r>:li|^ioiiisls by publisb- 
In l7t*U appean^d lii* (■liiiion of (iim''«i« ia 
Hebrew nntt IviigliHli, nirnng'Hl on oppotilo 
pagpt., Notes byLiontJMuunnnn.wlioprimvd 
the workt, vmiii nppendML Tliu uthoT books 
of thi? Poalatouab foUun-vd. Bl-Ivtmii 1789 
and 1793 he oompleinl in six volumes an 
Engluh rendering of tk« fest i vhI prayera used 
by the London cougregation of Spanish and 
FoTlugiiM^ Jetn, and lie did sinulnr anrrico 
for the tiernuLn aud I'oliKli cnncregntion. In 
17D'l hi) trannlotcd ■Tliu Ilngnirah.orSemcc 
for 1 Jie fintt two niiiht« of i lie Pussovcr ;' and 
hi! rendered into Knglish tin- pray its wri lit' n 
for iiitu Lu ibir syna;(U|;uM on fiwcial ucca^iuo^, 
liki' ibatut'lho kiug's illut>H* in I7^andhi« 
iwKivery in 1780, or of tin- di'dicniion of the 
Or«a1 SyiiagOKue ill Diiki'V Place in 1700. lie 
aim wrote a tli-bron' ode on the king's ^cnpe 
from uuouinntioTi in 179^1. 

In 1783 Irfvi publialieJ vol. L of liis 
' DinsL-rlatirmii of iliv I'roiiUi^cifB of the Uld 
Tewamvnl,' vrhich hud ulroudv wrcupied biin 
lw«n^-five yvan (Pri'f.) \ol. ii. o|ipftr.'d 
in 1796, vol, lii. in IKK), An edition (in two 
VoIr.) ravinvd by J. King wn* iunndin 1H17. 

Lrvi, who wan ulwnyn in iificiiiiinrv dilG- 
culcios, was ntlnckiid bypnriilvi" in Novem- 
ber 179t*, and died on 11 July his 
houBp in Green Sireoi, Milu Knd New Town. 
lie was buried in the Jcwitili cenielory in 
Mile End. An eWy by Henry Leinninn 
[g. T.J appearod in tlie ' tt>in[|i>nian'B Mng-ii- 

A portrait was pninied by Urummond. 
An engraving by Biimltv iippcari-d in the 
' Kuropeun Alngruine ' for Moy 1 709. 

[tj^suQs't [Citviron..« of Tendon, SnpplflnieuC. 

Bp.<30-I ; ricciiiiiu'ii SkDtclip'.ot An([lu-Jiim«li 
liiorj'. Pi'. 2iS~S : Ell rnj II' 1 1 11 MajiMiiip, Wsy 
I7B0. pp. aOl-l ; J. T. Iliiii'i Life oad Corre- 
pptindetifo of Joseph rriutrl.'j. i. 40i, 4iiH-lo,il, 
21-3.] S. 1„ 

LEVI. LKONE (1831-18^8), juri»i im.l 
fllaliiilician, van born of Jewieli imreutu at 
Anconu on (I Jnno IS:.'!. Ili* fatlier, Ituiue 
l^vi, l>fliinffrd lothi>midd1i-cliDt*,nnd [.ooU'/. 
nftprrwnivniglhri ordinary commnrcinl edii- 
coiiim of tlic day in bin nulivi* town, whji 
iilartd at the affo of liflcnn in the oflienof 
bis elder brother, who carried on the bminci.* 
of com 111 iM ion agent and merL'baiit there. The 

bujiiness proffered I and l^eTi in iKj^t wit^aent 
toEnghindloeitendil. ll«8etlled ul Liver- 

Cl, vuB iiaiuralised, mastered tti<- English 
jjuaf^, and eelalilish«d a oonnectiun, but 
was unfortunate in some nieculntionts und 
after the commiTcinl crisis of 1&47 cunic buck 
tJi Aneono lo lind hii brother ruined. He 
returned to Eiifilund. and found euiploymeol 
lu a oterk in a mercantile houae at Liverpool. ■ 
Some lettvriiiorhe'LiverjHMl Albion' Dow^ ' 
paper In 1849, advocating the e*tabliiihn>nnt 
tn our chief commercial cnntrm of gvncnil 
Tt^nwenintivo chnmliorii of contmvrcc «nd 
pfnnnni^nt tribnnnla of commerce^ consti- 
tuted of a ieirally traitied judge, with meiv 
cantile aMeKtoTh brought biin before tbtt 
public, and fonned the basis of two pant-l 

Ehlets, one on ' ChaniberR and Tribunal* of | 
oinmence. and projiosed Gwornl Chamber ( 
of Commerce in Liverpool,' London. \&i9, i 
8vo, th« othor ' On the State of the Law of 
.\rbil.rannint, and propoaedTribiuiul of Com- 
merce,' London, ISBO.Svo. OnehatfoflA-vi'a 
scheme wu nl on<w carried into eHVct by 
the e-tublialuncnl of (,'<^neral and repr-'sfnta- 
tive ehiimbera of commerce nt Liirrpool, 
LeeJn, Drndford, Hull, and other iropmnnt 
centres of industry. Oftbo Liverpool chamber 
Lovibocame the hnnomry ■Dcrvtary. I<evt's 
■iiltKi-'jilionii for the refomi of the law of ar- 
biiniticm, then in a very defective oondilion, 
bore fruit iu the arbitratiiiii c!a>i"(" of the 
Common Ijiw I'rucediiTe Act nf Iii'i4, which 
have only rvcL-ntly been ^iipcmcdnd by tho 
.\rbitnitioii Act of l-^H. l^ivi wan not 
xl'iw to avail himu-lf of hiii po^iitiou at the 
LiverjHiiiI CliunibL-r of |V>mmeree to obtain 
through ollifiat channeln exact information 
nhont foreign chambenoTeonimeroeand iht 
luw« np|ilyinK to commercial tTaofBCtiona in 
their re«peclive coiinlri^a, Materiiila thus 
accumulaleil on bis hands for a nynnyti* of 
tbe commercinl law nf (Tfariittindoin nmilar j 
to .\nthoinn di> Jo*eph'* 'Concordance def-j 
Codi'B dpCnmmcree," but on n lurger 9Cale,j| 
and sncb b« miRbtflerre a« a step towards an j 
inti'mational code of coininerue. lie »ecured| 
with dilUcnlly a sufllcient numluT of 
Hcribern; ptiii--d admitsion lo tlieAdvocat 
Library, Eiljnbiirgb, wheri' he worked fh 
sixteen to eight4ien honm a day ; inteieited i 
The prince consort in bis deMgn, and vent!- 
Inteo it in a lettii' addnuced to chunibvta of 
cnmrnewi' and in loci ures which he deliver 
in London, Edinburgh, Dublin, and elsewhev 
in 1851 and ItSiVJ, und aDerwards print 
Thework itself appeorijil under therill"'C 
mercial Law : it* Principl'v and .\dm)iu*> ' 
Iration; or the Mercantile Lan- of OreAt 
Ilriloin comparod with the Code* and l^wa 
of Commerc of ihn Ibllowing Mercantile 




■' — flAj-niiie trv (•numoraivid, in al- 
ii order, bom Aniialt to Wurtombur); 
— 'aadtlM InMilatMiaf Jiuti&iui,' Loiukin, 
ISO'S, 4Ut. Tie pobliMtion wm recoifniwd 
; M 411 «T«nt of nstUMUtl uid inti^niiitionkl im- 
: porUBoe. Tbe kiae of [*nM«is, thu «upeior 
' vt Auatria, the Sociatf of Aru, uid College 
' of Pb7«KMM awardM Lori ^Id nwdals or 
ftJMU. At Lori'miufcgMiuinlxtrdllarrovrbT, 
to iAoa tbo book waa dedicated, &mnf[ed 
witli Biougtikin. then vrMident of tlie l^w 
AnMndnmt Socivi t, t tut coagitat of 16 Nov. 
i 18SS, IB order to di'tcuM pmctiual iae*>iuw 
. lor hunMaMins ibe Um of the tlirec king- 
t^OBU. A roval contmiiwon was tuun],and 
I n>a1t«<] in Un Morcantiln Law Amendment 
L AeU of leSA (18 Jt m Vict. oc. 60 and W7). 
t ^ vkicfc KKne of Uie mora riaiinff diicre- 
[ VaaeiM to i we w Englteb aad Seotok aud 
iJnah U« wen ivmoved (w« ParHamenlun 
^Afiwr*, Rmrlg /ram OomMtimonm, ttUU, 
. ToL ix,. and ISAl-'i, to), it.) llle commiiu 
■ion aUo con«ii]nri<d the antdieiwyaf iotro- 
ducinfc ihtf principlu of Inaing inth limited 
liability into tbo lawofpanneraliip, and Levi, 
irlio liad already gtTMi pvidenci.' in ita favuur 
beforeaconunitteeof ilK^lIouseorComiBuiu 
!■ I8W,waaeacainio»d bjtbecomiuiMioner]), 
tfrbo, bow«Ti(ir, reported adnrwl j lo tbe pro- 
poaal. LcTialM nvonridfiicc linforA Bcom- 
miltoe of the lloniw of LonU in tH.h'1 in 
Ikvoiir of tbo onlloctiim of ntn'imll tirul nlii- 
tiftiai.wliiek waa not camt'illv lo kirn iuliami 
■atil iStfS. He aim al(Finili.>d the lutfma' 
tioiulC'ingrMAMof Stali^tidsiisst ltru«»»U 
in l(U>t and \>'M, in Ilix Intt^r y^ar tiiid 
beClrs tlie Law AitM>ndment Sori^tj a tupnr 
'Ob Jodieitl Statiatiu,' and at HmuKbam'i 
NqOMt draftml a' bill on tbu subject wUidi 
Brougbam intm)a«Kl into tbc Iluune of 
Lord*, but '■vFDliiBlly witlidn^w, 

Meonnhi]^ in I8.'>:;, ou thp r«(omin«iidA- 
tion of l<ord Harrowby. I^vi bad l>een np- 
potnttMl (o thv nitvlj creatmi rhiir of rom- 
mrrrv at Kin^'ii <>illai(«, and rcaovin^ In 
London liod taken cnambera in Uoctorn' 
Commoof.. He diMbarged ki» duiioa with 
I ooBfpeuoiu ability and (eal iu spile of in- 
■dequattt remtineralion. Tlie vlow study of 
^-fj**- meraalile Law which bt» 1f<ciiim« 
Inralfei] waa proved by bis * Manual of llin 
BuUHbed at l^ndon in 1064. ^ro. t)f th« 
Statiitical Society he beimiBe fellow in IH^X, 
Ottaof the council in IdOU^ and vi«»-preaident 
in l88K,aad contributed Hsieen of tli« papers 
in tt« jounula, frequftitly n^rMenling tlio 
Mcieiy at fineigB oonnnaee. 1 1* waa mIm 
- elected a CbIIow of tbo Society of .\ntiquariee 
Ib 19JVi, wa4 called to the bar at Lincoln's 
Inn in I Vff, and roooirod from Ibe univenily 

of Tiibinunn the degree of doctor of econO' 
mical and political ttieitca in 1861. Leri 
waa td3u a metnber of tho Society of Arts, of 
t^e Law Amendment Society, of tbe S'a- 
tional Awooiat ion for t he Promot ion of Social 
liieInt«nutiiHtalStaliMlcal Inatitute,honi>- 
nupr wcreMryof tlia metric eoi[iniitt<«of lliu 
Bntiab Aatociation, and of the Icilemational 
Aaaociation for Promoting onrt t'niforni Sys- 
tem of WeightD, MeaKUio.aud Coin*, and u 
kiii^rbt of llio Italian orduni of SH. Jlauritius 
ntid Liixanis, and of the Crown of Italy. 
\lf wA» a friend and eatkuaiaaiic admirer of 
Uobdrn, to whose memory he paid a warm 
tribute wb*<n ndrocatinglbeMtabliihment of 
an international locturMbip on economics in 
I i:4{!o I On nif^ard 6iiMni, an Intnidvufory 
Lecttire deiirtrrd in King'* College, iMtdon, 
2-J Oct. ItfOa, London, lHa5,8vu). lledUap- 
prOTod of capital puuinhment, and believed 
in tlui practicability of settling international 
diiipiit«*bv arbitration. TbeM\i<>wsb<>venIi- 
loied in ' vhc \mvi of Nature and Naiions as 
afflicted by Uivinr Law,' l.ondon, li^^&.l^To; 
■Peace tbc IJaiidmuicI of ComninrGi', with 
Ito marks on iho I']a.ilem CriALi. \tx Intro- 
iliieipiry Leotiiri- ■Wivered at King's College, 
London, 12 Ocl. l^iril," l,ondi»t^870t 8toi 
■ Wor and its C><ii*eqiienoM, Economical, 
Commercial, l''iniineiBl, and Moral. With 
I'ropiisuU for the K«tabliid]ni«nt of aCourl. 
of Internationa! lUfrrencM' and Arbitration,' 
Loiiiinn, iK-il, hvo,nnd ' Int/'malional Law, 
with Mal"riitli< fur a Code of Intcrnntlonnl 
I,Hw,' Lon-iiin, I"'*". '*vi>. He wbh aUo a 
worm iKkwHt- of riimiliel tunnel. Ilia 
princi|iul work on fiLilislio- wai* u periodical 
summary of pnrlinmf^tiinrj' pnpirri. entitled 
* Annals of Itritiih Livi»l"t'"", lifiiiic n Clu- 
Aitit'dHiid Aiialysixl .Smnmarr i<ri*ub!ic ItilU, 
Stntitled, Acuount*. and I'nper*, Itrports of 
('fimmittees and of Cunimiiaionon>, and of 
Si'nionnl Piipuf* gctu'nilly of the Honiic^ of 
Lonl.t anil Com Rt DBS lof^ciht'r with AcFounU 
of (.'ommercial I«gislalion,Tariffi», and Fads 
ItWO, fmirleen vt>lii.8vo,coniinued<>n alarfrer 
«cale, undi»r the title 'AnuaU of Drituii 
I^iBlalion,beiDsaDi«i«t of thoParUatiMn- 
tnrr nine Books^ lo 15b8, J vohi »w>. lla 
tooKa lirHy inb-T<MI in the workinc cIkixm, 
and ittvealigatfd th^r eeonomic posilion and 
pmmpucta in tho following works: 1. 'Waee* 
and Baminn of the Wnrkin? Classet, with 
tomefactsilludlntirrnrihcirlCronoinic Con- 
dition, ffom Auibeniip and OlEcinl Soiiives, 
in a lU|«rl to Michael T. Bom. e*}., M.P.," 
London, lSrt7. >ivo. d. 'Eitimnle of the 
Amount of Tannlion fallingon the Working 
Classes of the Uniled Kingdom. A Iteport 




to M.T.BMi,i>H.. M.P.,' London, 1878, 8to. 
3. ' Work imil PaVi or PriuciplM of Indua- 
Iriul Ecoiiomv. Two Coimtoi of LeotunM 
ileliven^d (« ^Vu^king Men in King's College, 
Lunclon, witli the It^port of the uommittao 
of tlio nritiah Aunciution oa OombiiuiioDK 
of t.Bboiimr* iiik! ('npitalioU,' Ixindon, 1877, 
8vo. 4. ' Tbc! I'kiiiiucaic Oonditian of Pi«her> 
mnn,' l.onUun. I8(«3, iSi-o (a ynpiT read at 
It CiinfL-n-uci! nt llm Iut«<riiall<jiiiLl JMalierios 
Kihibiticoi), 5. ' Wa^suiid Kumiiif^of lUc 
Working ClnMeH. A Ui'poit to Sir Arthur 
Bms' London, IS&5, Svo. 

IjQT)'* mcHntim o/iui, bowi-vcr, wo; bia 
■ lliitorjr of Britiidt Cotamcrce nod of the 
Kconcimic PTognoB of Ilu) UriiUh Nation, 
17e3-lS70,' London, 1872, Sto; L'nd t-dit., 
wiUi continuation to IS7S,uidffra{iliictnl>l<^a, 
1880. 8vo, s work which, with little or no 
pivloiisinn to lili>nirystyle,«tB forth clearly 
nnil mctliotiiL-ully the re^iilta of U lifetime of 

SiMU after hiii arrivitl io EDRlnud Luvi 
ohiLn;{L>d his fuilli, and Iwoiime an Iivtive 
mumljL-r of the reli^oiu body which before 
lii7ii ei>lod it«(<lf ilie 'Preabvterian Church 
in nn|i:lnnd,' mid bus rituw Moptod th» title 
of ' I'rwbytrriiui (.'htirfih of Knjtlund.' A 
' Diifit ot the Attinn!! iiud I'rvjupijdinif* of 
tho Synod of t he Pro»by torian Church in En^- 
Innd, lS3G-lt*TiI,' wui published uudt-r his 
■nptrriuun in 1870, 8 vo. But whik- tho- 
roughly ideiitifyiog hiro^olf wilh the land of 
his adoption, l.ori n^tnincd a lively interest 
in thiit of htR hirtli, and fnundcid, in cannec- 
tion vilh thi> Ti>chniunl Institute at Ancono, 
a tivt! jciMitifif librnry, und a h-ctiiruiihip 
'on ihi! Iuw3 '.if commvrco in n-Ialion to 
acii'iicu iiuil moral iiiteruatiuiial hiws.' lie 
reviniled It*ity in I8S7 an luouibcr of a de- 
putation frnm tho f^tiilislical r^x'iwfy l<i the 
oongraw of Kumpouu Etniinlii'iniiit birld ni 
liotDoin that year. Soon nfliT his niturn to 
England RTarn lymptoins munifc'iti'd tliom- 
wlreii and after an illtuyu of si.>VL-rul in-Miih> 
ha diod at hia hoiwe, 81 Ilif.'hburv Urow, on 
7 May 18S8. He waa burii'd on 'the iL'th in 
Hishgate cemetery. 

Levi married in ISAd Margnrvt, daughter 
nf Jumci llitchii! of KdinlmrKh. 

Ilitsidra tbo worlu mrntioiii'd above I^nvi 
or oommnroial «Hh)ei't(i. He aUo edited ' Tile 
Thcori' and Practice of the Metric Svxleinof 
'Wei|tti«aud Meaiureii,' I>uud<m, 18^1, %\'o: 
'A Troaiite on tho Olnci" nnd Prnciico ...f a 
Notary of England, with n full (.'oHnotion 
of Pmciidnnt*, by Uichard ItiVKike, ei>q., 
K.S.A.,' I^nndnn, IttitT, Ovo; end wa« niitli'ir 
of ' An Introductory Paper' jirefised to thu 
I'eara prixc auays on ' The i'TMcnt lia- 

pmaiion of Trade ; it4 Cauneii and R«medi<«,' 
London, 1885, Bvo. 

[Tlir prJiioiiMl KuthorltiM ar* an auteUogTa- 
phitnl fra^pnout. laCitlad The Story of my Life, 
tba Ont Taa Voir* of my Rcndeneo in England, 
lBi6-A£. printed for printle elreulatioa, Loo- 
doo, 1888, Bre; VBp«rHu'« Diet, da* Coatsn- 
poMJo*; Him <>t the Time, imh cdi^: Journal 
of tho Royal Stntittiul Socivcj, li. 310-2.1 

.1. M. R, 

LEVINGE. Sitt mCFLMlD (rf. IT^ii), 
Irish jud^>% -n-as second xm of Kielurd 
Levinge of I'arwich, Ashbome. Iterbyahiru 
(where the family had hei-n lon^ oealed). 
11 IB uiotlier, Aune, daiichler of George 
Parker of Park Hill, Stall'urdfthin?, wan aunt 
of Thomas I'lirkor, *ttrl of M«ecl««fleld, lotd- 
ohancellor of England. [Ii» gntat-nnclo, 
Timothv l-eving^, who mutrieulatiKl at Bnl- 
liol Collc^, OxfonI, in I'lHI, a^fed 17. wiu 
called to the bar ut the Inner Temple in 
IIKHI; became a bencher in iti'i'J, iieTjtMint- 
at-Uw 20 Mav IKSa. recorder of Derbv and 
M.P. fur the' city iu ll»l, lO^t, 162-1 and 
1026. Richard etilpred the Inner T<niip1» 
as a student in ^ntemlwr 1671, and waa 
called to the bar in Nnrerober 1(178. la 1686 
ho bPCJimo rnfloninr of Cheiler. and woi M.V. 
for Ihi- city from Iffltt to ieWi>. From 1090 
to Itl^ I he wiu soliGitor^ueral for Ireland, 
and wu.t kniahted in 10(3, in which year be 
was elected M.P. for both Bolfa«t and llle*- 
eingtoH,atid cho<etoeit for tlwlatt^ir eonali- 
tneuL'i'iin the Irish Uonun of Ommoo*. Un 
.'i tlci, ofthtt samo y>iar ho wan unanimously 
chosrni a» ipiikcr of that aiw-inbly. and re- 
mained in office till tho diisolillion of 16116. 

In lUtJij he Wat Bjiain elected h_v two con- 
Btituencie*. Jiaiiirur and Loncford, and tat 
for the latter, lie acted in 1691) on one of 
the commiMionerv to Inquire into forfoilcd 
lurid in Ireknd, hut for (inamilling with 
bifi fnllow-commiuinnnrs nnd speaking ill of 
them he wat. Eiimmoued before the Enuli^h 

fiarliiimvnt, and committed Io the Tower 
rom 16 Jan. to II April ITOa He waa re- 
elected SLP. r..r Longford in 1703. On 
la April 17IM he WW ereeied a baronet, and 
vroA again appointed to theoflice of noliciioi^ 
general for Ireland. In 17W he beenin* a 
bencher of the Inner Temple, in 1710 he waa 
elected M.P. for Dtrby in the English par- 
liament, and was promoted in 1711 to be 
attoroey-BiTnTnl for Ireland. In 1713 he 
win elected for both Gawran and Kilkenoy, 
and Ml fur Kilkenny. In 1720 he waa con- 
stituted lord chief jiwtioe of the Irish eoiut 
of common pli'im. Sir Richard held that office 
until hi« death, 13 JnlvI724(Ifi«(.Ai^.l7J4i 
C/ir-m. Diary, p. 34). 
Levinge married, firat, in 1080 Maryr 




(Uugliler at &J Gaicvn CinbvD, aiwl Mcoiidly, 

MaiT. ilaugbiec of Roben JolutMo, baron of 

tli<- trish exdMauer. Hu«ldeMdaitttit«r(b3r 

Ilia ILkI wtStiy, Hut. nirririd in 1700 Wub- 

r-iaatoB, Meoad mtI Fcmsm, wid wu motlinT 

r-M^SduM Hwrtingn, oountvu of lluntinc- 

'dOB [a. T.l nu«klMt Ban Richard (rf. I'-ts] 

filM b}- tut llnL wii«) and hu Mcond »od 

CliadM wen auootaunly aeccnd and tliird 

barooeU. Sir Charlu'a smt-fTMl^Taad- 

•OB, Sir Richard R«o(|it« Anjrnsliia L<mD{[c, 

MTMitli barnttol, ii uriNinilcIj notictd. 

*9irK. Lsrinm'a Comi|KKideiU«, princi- 
pally witU thn Right Hen. Bdnrd BoutL- 
well. i>ruidp«] Sdcnlary ofStaW for trelaiul, 
en various poinU of Si«t«i and DoniMtic 
Piriieji' wa« ptiattd priralolj is 1677. 

[HaMan of ib* Bn«h of llw Innar Tmnplc 
p. SO; Lattrall'a Brief ItdbUoD: Bctuni uf 
■M t a t ia w uf PariUarat ; Plajfiir*i Baraaot^ ; 
Borfco'* BaTooMac* • Sir Richard LnriDg*'i llul. 
gftha Uriic* Panilj. IHTTi Burtrturil'* Purl. 
mat. of Killwiut : Col. Trtunrr I>u«n> l^<I~ 
1T1».] W. B-u 

AUGUtn-LS (!8M-Jt*4), Boldier KoA 
writer, liom on 1 Nor. 1811, waa etdaM bob 
of Sir Iticlurd I^evii^*, Hxtb barorM, by 
Eliutwib Anop, cldMt daaffhtor of Thomaa 
BoMbbr, &M. lord RaneliBe. Hn coterad 
t^4Srdreeini««it aicn«ifpioa:£3 Nov. 18^ 
jcMBBdatOili«mltar,aiid ratvraed to En^lBnil 
■addwily ia DBMmber 1880, in CooaequeNM 
of the dialnrbaBoa* iu the manuftdiuuig dia- 
tricu. In I83S bia rtciiwnl procMded to 
Iratand, aa'l on 6 April \i!A li» ira« pm- 
niioted liBotWiant. On 4 Juna I8.15 bnMulad 
n-ilh Um) Icfk u-ing nf ihit 43rd for St. John'* 
in Canada, and aarrod in the BupDrRuion of 
tbeOanadiaarelMUkin«flS37-B. llpb(.>cam<^ 
CBptaia unaltacbed on 16 Jhf 1840,Bnd vraa 
MpotBl«d to tXtm Olh diwgooii piarda oti 
St Jan. 1813 ; b* rotir^, bowerer, tnta tbe 
gnarda on tkat day. On A Jan. 1940 hn wai> 
nadn timit^inont-ooloDnl in ibn WwlUMath 
ailitin. On li Hcpl. l^*! lie iib-reedod bk 
falbvr ia the bamoiitcv, and in II^>I b» waa 
liiftb ilieriir for Wutntoath. In \^>7 and 
IMO be reprMvcited tbe county of Weet- 
meatU in the lIouM of Commoaa. Levinge 
died an 3n i^nM. IWl. He narrwd. lint, 
on 90 Maivli 1^0. OaroltiM Jaiw (rf. 181K), 
eldwt daiigbtnr nf Coloaol Rollcfton of Wat> 
nail Hall, No4tiDfifaani»biro ; and Mcondly, 
•iulOF«b. 1)^70, Miuiin><«tClMrk)Ue(rf.lS71). 
widow of 1). Jonvti, M.P.. and dannbter of 
Sir Gtiorgu Campbell He Ufl no iaue, and 
waa anoweded in the title by bia brother, 
Vura fleaff, ^Sfctl> Iwronet, wfaoae n«)hew, 
8tr WtUiam Iltnry Levinge, ia ninth and 
praMot fauniMl. 

Lqvingp was a b«vn (^rloiuau, &nd 
much attached to hi* rt^iiQfint. He WTOt«: 
1. ' I^chniTO ^>iii ihi- ItM-kn-ocxU,' London, 
181it,2vuU. 13moi ^iidi-dit. 1866: a iMord 
of (.•xpi-ri«ucv9 in Canada, 'i. • Iliatoriciil 
Notiwa of the Lrpvinec Familv,' I^uIowb, 
1»A3. 8. 'A Day with the firiKhton Uar- 
riRni,'IjondaD, 16AB. 4. ' flittorical R«conl« 
of th<? I''c)rt7-ihird lt«nment,Hoiimoutbabire 
LiRbt Infontrj.' l^nooa, I8SS, 8Ta. 

[LeringD'aWorlu: Armji Litts : Biirko'* Poer- 
ags imd BnroDBUgo; Tiibh. M Srpl. 1884; 
Bcturn of Mambrr* of ParilaoMat. ii. 444. 4«).] 

W. A. J. A. 

of Sodor and .Man, Imm in 1814 at Kvenley, 
Nortlinmptonjdiirr. WB«yoiUi^t bod of Wil- 
liam LcTina of Krt-nl^, NoilhaBaploaKhirtt 
('IUeeb, yortiamptotuUre, ii. 4tl7). Hi* 
linitheia Ciwwell and William are noticed 
aep&rately. He inalriculat«d al (Jifocd from 
Magdalen Hall on II April lllOO. and was 
rWted demy of Mn^iUUnColteffr on 2il July 
liHtS, andprobaiioni-r fi.'ltowon 1 Aug. 160}. 
Hn ftndnatfd B.A. in l«0.% M.A. in IfMSd, 
lt.D. in 1(177. and D.U. ii> ltW3. He brcame 
juniordean in IGia, ««nior duan of artii in 
107(!',8eiuor mootor on ft April 1078, butaar 
IB 1677, (bundM''a chaplain Ib 1078, aad dean 
of divinity in 1070. He wm Whyte'a pro- 
fMMt of moral philoaophy in the univoraity 
rroB L>7 MiKh 1677 until 168^. On « ])«G. 
167S he won made prnbcndary of WnlU, in 
IISSO curatit of HuntqMlb, near Oxford, in 
]!»:>:! rvCtOT of Christian Malford, Willnhiru, 
uid on Ifi March ltil^l~G was conm-raied 
Utbopof Sodor and Mau, In lt>Hr hv wuidil 
havn been vlecic) preudNit of Magdalen 
iattf-td of John Honsb |4. V.] bad & not. 
In- tbi! adnc« pcrateUy Of ^ Craewall L*- 
not '<^. \.\ and in a manner not tbaariit 
honourable (cf. Mfv^taten OMtj/e nntf Sua 
JaiK* II, Oif, Hid. Hoe. pp. 13, l&a>i.), 
withdrawn hi« candidature oefoie the elec- 
tton. On 3 Aug, 1601 he waa ohoHB pre- 
betHlarv of Wincbtatfr. He died of fever 
at Winchericr on 31 Jan. 1(193-3, and waa 
bnriod inlbncatbodral. [tvbiiiD)iuTiagvt,on 
3 July I<ie0,to3lai7(1063-I730), daitthter 
of Dr. Jamea Hvde, iirinpipal of Maedalnn 
decay of MB^dalen, and Mu? (IflOKl-lM). 
who married in 1707 Matthew Frampton. 
SI. I). Heame deHrib«» both l^viu »iid kia 
wife aa handwntn aiul proud. 

lysine cofltritHitvd to ' Kpicirdia t.'niver- 
■iiatin Oxonienniii in obilum Uuoipi Dncb 
Albemarliie,' ltf7a 

[Wood'i Aihvaar Oxou. (ICIin). ir. 8S3; 
Bloum'* lies, of Uagd. ColL Oxford, r. 2M-0 ; 


WiKia'» I.i6> ond Tr. oJ. Cliirk (0»r, Hirt. 
Soc.t. ti, 343. &!.'. ; U.. i.o'i Nflict riiiil Calloe- 
lioni (Oxf. Hi"i. *«■.))■ O. O. 

iui%r,iiL-coad»i>ii">rWi!lirim L-'vinxnf Ev^n- 
loy, Ni>rLliHTii^("ii>i|iiri\ liy Mnrv, necnncl 
(laughter of Kichnrd ('mHw-il! of 1 iiriton In 
the MmH cixinty, wits bom at Kviriilvjr in 
103", HUbrolhff* Bunlist and Willimn an- 
nolic^d ti>piiriitc^v- Hu look u eixHrshiii in 
ltiJ8 nt Trinity Collef-r, L'nnibrid^, bnl did 
not Hriiduttlu, aud in NovetiiliLT l<io6^-ntf>r.>d 
Omy'ii Iii'i. n'h<-w be win t:n\lv:i 'o thf Wr Id 
Novi'uiliyri'liil, wiiseledfdiilwiirheriiilOTB, 
luid trtii-iiiVT in 1B79. He wiis knijtb'ud nt 
WliiteWl fill "J tiL't. I(17S,utid mild'-' II king's 
c«un»cl iiboiit the Biiine time. Hi- ryurewuted 
thecrovra In lliotriuUoflndaiid, Pickering, 
Grow, Luiit'liiini, Wliiii-brfftd, and other 
■uppQMd pouish iiloltH-r* ill I67fi-!). In (If* 
tODW 1079 lio WA8 mudo nilomey-^nnrnl. 
In DecetnboT tbn colebmted ptoclftmutlon 
ftminst ' liimiiUiioiu petitioning' wu under 
ducUMtnn In the nouncil, nuA Li-vini vriia ro- 
qoirsd to draft it. He r«fu*»d at fln<l. but 
ovOTtuttllyccniaeutedoii condition that rhipf- 
jurticL- Nprib (afUrw&rda I.ord-Icwp«r Gnil- 
lord) would dictate thn niibtTniifln of it [ace 
Nobis. Fr*xciii, I^oku (luiLfuitu). I.evini 
vu tliiiH nblo, when eumined by tlio Ilousu 
of Common* iw to bis part in tbe alTsir 
(34 Not. 1680), to xbift tli« eniiro rMponsi- 
billty on to North'* sUoiildnn. 

Iln li Feb. IS80 T.^riiu was called to thn 
deifnw uf aHijeaiit-iit-law nnr) raUed to tho 
lieavh of tb« common plana, llo went iho 
Oitfurd circuit, nnd wm a member of tlio 
commiwion wbicb tried Stepboii Colli'tp* 
[q. v.] nt tbn Oxford UAuea in Augu«t I<1$1. 
II« woa ulsD >i member of tbo special com- 
miiuion whiob sut nl the Old Tlailny in July 
1683 to try Lunl Uusiwll for hia aiippoiM 
rliciuatioii in thi^ Ityo ]I<iu.«t plot. Lord 
.UMell having chnlloiig'-doiiL' of the iury for 
Ot liaviii); n iroubnld I'ituli: within iri>^ city, 
tflA point wns elnlHintlely ari,'iiuil. All the 
jud^o*, howi^ver, decideci njiniiwt llm oliol- 
Icng*. Luvini's jiiii^fnt isToportcdnt some 
lenslh in Cobboll's ' Ktjilc Trials,' Is. 694. 
lu 1(181-5 IrtmnKWBs conaultrd by th« king 
oil the nueslion miielher a fiiutracl by tlie 
late king letting out part ot the I'XCiBe to 
farm Wm ddurtniBod by hi* death, and gave 
tha more «aund than cuurtly advice that it 
wnsao. nis 'quietus' wa* "xpocicd to fol- 
low OS a matter of cour«o. It win dcfl•r^«^, 
however, fur a time, and bn wa» oxv- of Jef- 
freys' colleague* in 'the bliiody niuiie,' and 
also helped to try nomc of ibo rebels in Lou- 
don. ni8Jiu;n*rii«I«Mcame on 10 Feb. Hi86- 
l't86. No ground of diamiMalwa^assignnl, 

but ppohnbly Levini wan thought to be un- 
Mfo on tlicqunstlon of ihn dlnpimiking pownr, 
lla at onc«»tumed ti) tlK'bar. and waa aooo 
busily ongif[ed in pleading. He wu one of 
th« OOUnM'l for ihe seven biihop* In 1688, 
defended Mi^or Demardi on bia Brsi iupri- 
mnineni, ami secuT»d tbedlamiaml of ilie Vll 
of indictment by th« grand jury, uid in the 
givat habeas cnrpila case of Ret r. Knndnll 
and Itiw, lieforo Lord-chiof-juMieo IJoli in 
ItiUS, ar([ued successfully ngainit the legality 
uf a cummiltal lo pri^iju under a genurol 
warrant by a oeuivtarT uf «iai<-. He died at 
Serjeanid' Inn on I'i' .Ian, I70i>-1, and was 
buried ill Kc^iilpy (.'hurch. 

LiTvInx marrind by liri'lun, dat<ul 2 July 
1670, Kli/nbcth, daughtfit nf William Lira- 
wiv of Lonoa.' whom he liadLwoMni, 
William and Creswell. and one dnugliter, 
Ontberlne, From mauuscriuta left by Levins 
wai! publiiiliod in 1703 a fulio volume of re- 
port* III French (with an Bogtiah trsnaUlio 
chiefly by Satlo^ld); Ic fWippMrad undorlbt 
liile, "Tiin Kr-pnrt* of Sir CwmwoU Levini. 
Knighi," Lond'in. 17;iJ, '2 voU. fol, ,\ third 
edition in English only. reviaodbTT.Vicker 
was publislied at Dublin in 179^7. S roh 
tivu. Let'iui alio^ompiled 'A Collection! 
.Select and Modern Entriea of Declaration^! 
I'leadingfi, Ia«ui>e, Verdiel*. Jiidgmi-nti, Sec, 
n-fnrring to the Casi^ in Sir l'r»well I,c« 
vim'* Reports, tlic judgment uf the f.bart 
being added to each l'n»ident ' (nr), whioli 
wait publuhud in Loudon in 170:^, fol. Thera 
has been Hume division of opiulon aniongi 
English judge* a« to Irf-vliiia m^rita M ~ 

[Bakn'a Northamcteii'ihlr*, I.eiT: Brldg**'*' 
Northomptooshii*. i. I«8 ; AddiL JLS. .WIS. f. 
ISOS; I^Sevo'iiPwlisrosofihoKniitlitsilUrL 
Sor.): ChMber'tl/indnn MnrrikKiiLiKDiiHa; lliat..j 
MS3. Oamn. Tth Ilop. App. p. t'6. 13th Itan^l 
.\pp.Ti. pp. II. lA, &e.; NoKh's Kxamen, p. SI0>| 
l>iLrI, II1.L Ir. l:>SO, X. 813: ^Vood'i Athon«l 
Clou, i,. Life. Unix, x«ll,inv; Wtiat'aLifaandi 
Timrs, cd. Clark (Oif. Hitt. S<k.), tuI. i<. : Iik] 
derwick'* .Side Lights on tha Anarti, p 879 |l 
Sir Thoiau Raymond'! Itoporla. pp. 430, 47fly 
Voalrit's Report*, ii. 37 ; LiiUrell'* Ridatioii ol^ 
State Affiilr*. i. 117, 830. S'J: Lellentuf Hum- 
phrey I'ri'lsiuz ta John Etiis (Canidiia Soc.J, 
p. 127: Cliirpiidou and Rochtatoi Corrosp ii^ 
lAT. Iiil ; i^ir John BremrtOD's AnloblogtaplqJ 
(Ciimd. Soc.]. pp. 193. SOT. 231; CobbeU's Stat*' 
Trials, ril. TO. vlli. 430, .'.d4, ii. S91 : nonira 
SlAlc Triabi. xi. 3M. vi. 26(1. UM, i!li. TS« : 
L«rini'i Reports, iii. 267; Shower* Kegiorta 
(l,efti?h), li.4S9: Ch^lnipes's Opinions otEmmrot 
Lawyers, ii 3S4,3'iO: Itrlilgnuin'al^i^Bitiliagr. 1 
p. IU2; WiiUncr's Koportan, 4tb ad. 1883, p,^ 
304: Van'* Litss of the Jndgea: Canpbeir* ' 
Lires uf tho C^icf Juatlcoi, u. 4S.] J. U. R. 




UOBEKT. I>.C.L.( |i3l6-i05U),roj-«li!.l,6oni 
in 1016, tru a mh of WUliani livvmi of 
Senltw or tli, omt Abingdon, wbu carri«)l on 
the bnainMi of • btoorar &t Oxford. IIik 
fnuwUulier, Gillian Levins, waa aa alder- 
own of Oxfard, and Btv limni maynr at tha 
cloMof tfaoaixtccntlic^iitiitT': li<> wnaburird 
in All 8ainta Cbuich, irli«i« tlicre u a line 
neunib«at«ffiKj'laUi«mcinon'. ICoburt iriin 
nncle of Sir Cmtw»ll Lvviiiz fij, t,*). Baptist 
LeTint'n.v.l. and William l*viiu[ij,v.] II* 
matriculalM at Linoln CoU*^, anil gn> 
dut«d n.A. on 4 V<fh. I6U, and D.C.I.. in 
1643. Ill- iru> cximmimrr in 1<M0 to the 
ffiahopof Norwich ( Cal. Statt Pa/jtri, Dom. 
1610-1,»l.3y:t. Dothicoutbreakorthe 
eivil irarhelo'jli uparran for the kiugalOt- 
fonl,aiidotKainM) tLi> rankof eaptaiu,liutou 
the oaniiMiatMiiof ttiedty tolhepwIiameDt 
in 164tl apwara to bavo raaum«d Iiia stiidiea. 
AA«r riiRrVs r* pxocutian hi> wna rmplnynd 
by CbarUs II in Tarioiu natcntiationn. nnd 
flaallj roo(ir«d a conuniauon to raiae t roopi 
in nifWad foe ibe new Idnn at llie time of 
ClurWa Seottiah expeditioD in ler/i. Tbe 
pktt ma diaoOT M t J , and be wa* am«l«d in 
iMoAm. Hia papers wer» Miu'd.and many 
Uaak ctoBiniauoiu cigmod'by the king wdk 
diMOwrtd amonr tbom. Laviu waa takiMi 
Mim tba coimcil of ctat#, and wa* haoilcd 
OT«r aa a *py to tlw council of war. He waa 
tried b_T court-nartial and wntenoed to be 
bangn). iiifen wore nude lo apare kia life 
if ha would betray bis aeeompUow : this he 
refuiod 10 do, but acknowlo^cd the truth 
of ibe aorumliona againit himself, wliilo pro 
UMing the jtwiie* of kia caiiw. lli^ was 
tnkan In rnmbill in a eoach giwrded bv a 
troop ot borw, and banged aotnat tbo t',X' 
dbaageoa IS July 161)0. Llo^ epaaka of bis 
■Hunen>iiafnciidii,biji prodi'uc^, and integrity, 
Hta wifi» was a daughter of Sir Peregnnu 
Beni^, and gTandda<vht«r of Robert, earl of 

A portrait appoan io Winsianloy'a ' I<oyaI 

^la«(aalq''a Lojal Uartjrology, p.. SB; Vint- 
(attOD of Oxfud. lA7S.priral*l; printad, bj Sir 
T. t^iUippt; Ctareadon Sue* npera, n. T3: 
Wood'* Faati (BKh). i. 46S. ii. 47 ; Ltard* 
Momnira, 1H8, p. SM>; Wbilalorkv'a Menion«l-. 
p. 104: Topognphcr. I8tl, nil.i.| E. T. B. 

LEVINZ, WII.LUM <l62r.-lti!W), prr- 
aidfttit of Si. Jokn'ii Culli.'f;i-, Otford, born 
Sfi Joly lfta,WM tlie aon of William Luvint 
«f Brainy near Brwdilejr, Kortbanpton- 
Mre. SirCraeireULeTiDirq.T.^andBapti^t 
Larina [q. v.],biabopof Sodor and Man. were 
bia yauDftwr brotbnm.and Kotxitt l^rinx 'n.v.] 
waa hi* uttclr. William(raii«ducatcdac>ii'r- 

diaat Tajlora' Sclioo ocoedod an jimbn- 
tionarv fellow to SL .u'a CoUw, Oxford, 
in 1641, and bocame a leltow in 1044. taking 
tbod(«riw of IkA. in 1645. and M.A. in Il}l». 
1I« nihiiwd to cubmil to tiir niillioriiv of the 
purilanviaitoraoflbnuniTRmityin ltUg( A<w. 
(/ /At Viaton, Cumdcin Soc.,' pp. SO, 547), 
but miml have mibinitted aubwijumllT, aa 
his naiue occur* oontinuoualy in tlie co1l(»o 
regioler. He was 'Terrn- tiliuti' in 1051. 
.\t tba racoMion of the cbancoUor Hyde on 
Sept. 1661 Xanrini,' tboush then very aiekly,' 
madoaapooch. IIrIoahgMnni,and proceeded 
to the dpgroe of M.U. in 1666, <>n 10 Oct. 
1B73 ho waa dwli-d pri-ndrnt of bin eollrge. 
Wood did not think well (if bin appoinlmnnt. 
«iuM> 'he be*ta tliv Htudi^uta lUen^nnd fight*. 
In lOTSbewaamadeaub-deanof WuUa.imd 
rAnoniwdautiary in 1682, Peter Mew fii-T,], 
thenlnihopof llntband WelU.beingH ('•>rmer 
preaident of St. JaUn'g. ].i!i ina bod a cou- 
liderable n.-pulali(ia for leamina-, and wis 
tireekrcaderfrumaboutJulTlWl.and tvgiu* 
prufeMur of Greek frum 3-1 Nov. 1666 to 1698 
Uf, l-"tiLt«*\, Itotitia Oxtmieuri* Aeadtmue, 
lt)7.'i). He died suddnly, whilaaddriMainga 
coU'-jp- roiiiting.on » Mareh J6W-8 (riT. leltar 
from William Slxrwin, print<id in AVdod^s 
Lfft, ikL Itliu). He wiu buriid in St. John's 
OmImto chapel, where hia monument rnmninf, 
deacnung him aa 'optime tliemtus, maa- 
■oeltia, modeetu^ juitii*, piui^.' He win un- 
married. According to a manuBcnpt noto 
(by Wood ?) in the Ttodleiau copy (Line. 8° 
0. 621 )i Lfvini wrot« a hiilory of tlie^ear 
166D,emiTled>.\ppendiculad» Rebus BrilAo- 
nici*,' which wu printed anonymously (pp. 
»;i»^6)in the ihird(l6e3>andnib«MU«nt 
editions of the ' Floaculi llistnrici Delibati 
nunc Dulibatiorw rwlditi aire Iliatoria Uni- 
versalis' of ibe Jesuit Jean de Buwiirea (cC 
lIsAXKH, CMAwfiaiM, ed. Doble, Oxf. Htat. 
Soc., i. iai). He collected a library (of. AAA 
LeBtatiana, I69i>). 

[Wood'* Lif* and AlheoB) Oxun. cI. Blifa; 
Woud'a I.if* and Timea, *d. Obirk (Oif. lliit. 
Soo.), L 3G1 a., ii. 314 a. ; Robinaon'a MMvhant 
Tayfon^ School Ragiiititr, i. 14S; aulh-jriiira 
qootad abore; infarmation from the Hot. Dr. 
BaUamy, Frend«ni of St. John'a ColWa.l 

LECOUr/ DB (J. It*I3). writer on the 
Fri>ncli language, was bom in Languedoe, 
pr<ibubly about \7W, of a nobh> family of 
Alby. Hewaa educated for the church, and 
obiiiiiiKd n cnnonry in the cathedral of Vabrea. 
In 1 77)1 hit receiTM a vriK fnr an eMty, * Le 
bionfait rendn,' from the Acad'^min d«a Jouz 
Kloraiu. At the revolution ho flod to Hol- 
land, and thence to Enghtnd. If ho bo^ u 

sciRini pmbablo, t1»r Jnin l« lASvisHiC who it 
mentinniHl br I'tastL', hu wo* at the time of 
hi* Sight yicar-ffuneriit of the dioeow of Si, 
Oner. For Uii' rvet of Ilia lifo h« re»i<)i><l iii 
London, taught Freiitli, And wrotvi nurneroiu 
books on tlwi Fr»Tich 1an^iiKir<<. lie ilinl in 
liondon in 1813. I*vimc"* chirf worlu 
wero; 1." l.'ArtdnPttrlnTr'td'Kcriw«)rr«Pli>- 
tnmt In Liing-m- li"rnii(niiw,' Lnndtin, I7»7, 
Bro, IfiOI. &,e, Tlii* work wua praimid by 
Ilcnrr (Iliit, df (aljxngue /'ranfntw. ti. 39 V 
2. ' Abr^pf (!■: Inl-rLiminnire Fnuifaise/ Lon- 
don. 1 T-^^. 3. ' A Troaiiw un tliu Sounds of 
ihi? Fn-uchLnti^iap),' l.ondon, I iW). 4. ' IKi^- 
tionnuire UiiivcPiwl dM Synonymi-n do In 
Ijnngun Frntifnisc,' Londnn, IWi, JHto; 2nd 
tidit. 1809, ii, ' French and Kn(rl»h and 
Knilicb «nd French UieLionory,' IW8, Bvo: 
JndiKlit. 1815. 

[W*ti'a RiVl. Brit,; QuirnrdSi L» Fwinoo Lit- 
I*rairtf. V. J92 (coraplrl.o list of wirlts); F.-X, 
Plnsae's Le Clorg^ Fmn^nis riftiai* fti Angle- 
ton*, ii. 13n; Bio{{. UnlvornKllii.) W, A. J. A. 

LEVY, AMY (180U168d), iKWivss vid 
iiovelisl.Hecoiiddanelitvrof Mr. Lewit Ijecy, 
by his wifit I*abi'lU> [Levinl, was bom at 
Clsnhamon lONov. I8iil. Ifnr parent* W«n> 
nf tli<^ .lnn-ixli fnilh. Shi- wna nducBt«d at 
liriKhton, nnd nlWwnrd» nt NiMnrnh»m Col- 
!rr<>, Ounbridt(0. Slip curly nhowml di-cidod 
talpiit , eapceinlly for jioutry.piuceB Dl\vnvBrds 
thought wonhv of preservation hnviiig bvvn 
written in li«T<airt«eiithyMr, Inl^^lnniunll 
pamphlet nf verse fVom hrr pen, ' Xanliiijiy 
Uid olhnr pni-niB,' n-iu prlntml nt rnmbrld^. 
Mont of tliu nonlontji wttro snhsnqiinntly in- 
ctn^ionited with Iht «pcnnd publinntion, ' A 
Uinor I'oft nnU otlicr Vep>e,' lt^4, 'Xiin- 
lippe' U in inanr nwpiTls hiT tnoat powerful 
produdiuii.e.iihibiliiif^ u pawionutu rhi-Ioric 
unci u, pii>rciiig Oinli^ctic. exct^L-diiij-lv 
FMnarkable in so vounjia nriler. It is n 
dtfimcaofSocmtMsmaliirnrd wifo.lVoni (lie 
wonuui'ii jHiint of rinv, full of irngic pntlio*, 
and only thort of ompli-lc aucci-uH from itn 
frnqiiunt rpjiroduelion of the mnnnor of both 
the Brownings. TIil' aiiuic luny he uid of 
■ A Minor Pootj' a povm now more inurast- 
ing llian when it was written, from ita evi- 
dmt pmHgurotnent of the melancholy late of 
thi; niithom** linrtpJt'. Tlio mott important 
pinrert in tlm volumo nrn in blnnlt vi'r»o. loo 
eollofjuinl lo bn finoly aiodiilnlpd, hut. nlwnv" 
torso nod nL'n'ous. '.\ Ijondnn I'lano Tn*!- 
aodotbur l'oom>i.'l^^,iii, imclie othrrhuod, 
obitHly lyrical. Alott of tliu pifctu are in- 
dlvidunlly beatiliftil : as a collcrtion l1ii.-y 
woary wiUi ilieir nionoloiiy of 'iidot--*. Thi- 
Nuthniviu n-Hpnnded more readily to painful 
than lo pti-naiirnbU «iaotion«, and thia iiica- 

piicilyfor pluuMin.- wna nmoretcrious troablc 
ibuu hi>r seiwiiiviiaHW to fiain: it deprive 
li«r of the fmcountgement she niichl hav>* 
rer?iT«id from the succeH which, af^er n for- 
Iiinal>- •fVay with n minor wnrlc of fiction, 
-Thn ItoRinnrrof n tjhop.' ntt>ndnd her r>-- 
m*rkabli'n(ircl.'llnubi-nSiieh«,'1889. Thi«ia 
« rniwl powerful work, iillkc in (ho eondinufd 
Iniitedy of lll<- main action, the striking po«^ 
trait ure of I lie principal cliuraolvrs. anil the 
h»en sat ire of tholes»relinedup«otaof Jewish 
«ncii<ty. It brou^it upon the aiithoren mucli 
unpleaitanl criticismiWhich,howovw, wa■fll^• 
f^^^m nHiTlinghHrapiritslolhnflt.nnl nllennl. 
In the siimniiir of ISSn she piibliihed a pretty, 

iindfor onpMclieiTfiil nlory. '>Ji*»Mc>rvdiili, 
bul wicbin n week afttr correotinp her latest 
i-oluni«of voemiforthifpr«ts,8hedi'^l by lier 
own hand in hi»r parunts' house, 7 End«teigh 
Gardens, London, lOSepl. 16^6. Nocauwcan 
or neod be assi^ed for thislatnes(abl«*viiot 
OiXCapl constitiilinnul m>-1anrholy, intnnniHfd 
by painful lonuv in hir own fami I y, inn^ianng 
d«afne», and pmbiilily the apnri-heniiim of 
intanity, combined with a tolju inabilily ii> 
derive pleainre or eounolntion from tlw Wt- 
lr&n(«us circum»ianci'§ which would liarw 
hrighlenedlhelivefof nirt'tolhers. Sh^ w«« 
iniWi) frequently gay mid animated, bnt her 
cheerfulness wa« bur a nnwiing mood (hat 
ni««#lyifild«d lier linbi tun I melancholy, with- 
out diminishing ii by a particle, while ■ndniMi 
irrew upon hor iilendity. iu ipiie of (lailering 
Hieceaii and llie nympnthy of uAecliuuatv 
friends. Her writings offer few traces of lite 
ufrual immatutily of precocious talent ; ibev 
are carefully oonstmcled and highly liuiKhnl, 
and the sudden advance mndn in' ■ l&>ubnn 
Knchu ' indicniiu a gn^nt risr>rre of undc- 
relci|H!d pownr, ^lie wan tho anonymmia 
translator of l'*r(«ii cbryer brochuni, ' CoinnM- 
i|iioi Knpol6on n'a jamnix esisti.' 
IPemJoa! hn..»l(jiiK".) R. G, 

LEVY, JOSFI'II MdSKS (|813-188(*). 
founder of the ' Daily 'Fclqjroph,' bom iu 
Ixindon <m 13 |)ec. IttlL', wossonof Mo««» 
Lion«) Ijrry. by Helena, daughter of J. Moaaaf 
wq., and was like his fnthi^ a professing Jew. 
Tie wo* educated ai Bruce Castle school, 
under Thomas Wright Hill [q. v.], and in 
Oennany, He eiigaoipd in youth in ca«n- 
mercial pnraiiii', and sivm piircbaiFd and 
cnrricd on a printing i-«i.nlili>h3icnt in Slioft 
i.ano. Fleet Strcf't. Hi- iliu* lH.'euiue eon- 
necied with the '.Sunday Timee,' of which 
he bl^csme cliief proprielor in It^nS, and 
be otinducti'd that paper for a year. Tlie 
' Uiiilv Telegraph and C^ourior' was fouinh'd 
by Colonel ^>leigh asa twopennydsilynow*- 
paper on SB Jane ISSR. ^cigh quickly bu- 




am* hiiavily indnblcd to Lorj, who took 
onirtlisikew«p«ifwriase4tlpnnttc)fliiaeUiDiB. ' 
On 17 Sept. ItiSfi it wu Luiu-d aa ihu ■ Dul; 
Teicgnpli' b; Levjrat • {m-'doj. Iwitig: the 
fint Londna daiij aeir ty ptc pnxJifCM kt 
tliM price. It wu in ft very DM fiBHBcisl 

K'tion at tbe line, «nd the prooeod* of ilie 
daj''* advvnUoBi«Btii Uf> atnlfd to han.- 
baCB 7>. M. Tbs *pfMMUic<r, howovcr, of n 
w>U-«ditcd (Uilv f»ftr at ■ penny excitvd 
Kraal BlUtnl ion. Li'Tyi}r*ol«] all liiiMpiud 
to the tnlMpriup, and iii<lun.Hl many nam- 
ben of bis hmily to follow Iua example. 
n« dimlatioa nm very rapidly, and on the 
tepaal of tbe paper iluiie*, wliirh I^vy did 
bi* baM tt> OMain, tbo pmllt* ccn'w to bn 
wry larjF". Ijory deToiad hiniMlf cntimly 
to iu!i oewipaper. He eoUected round bin 
> band of able wnlon, incliidlnf; ThumlMi 
Leagli Hunt 'a. i.]. Sir £ilwiii Arnold, Mr, 
O, A.Sala, aao maav otiien. Until the la*t 
yearaof btiUfe he ilaily riailod theoffioM m 
Fleet Straet.aad (DptniMd tbe mairagement 
\ in tbo minntcat dntoiti, in^-nriably giving 
Buch altfstion to artistic and thtatrMsu 
a, fur which he held liitnvlf etjiecislly 
, anaibltf. Tbo politics of the paper nwe 
tberal uniil lt^wl,when the priaciuiMof tlie 
Bboral ttDioiiinU irere adopted. Lery waa 
rintely very chahielile, and waa agmerou* 
an M tniwic nnil tho drama. He diod at 
iCottat{V,iUin>([nle,«ri I30ct.l88e, 
nd woa buried at Bella I'ond cmieteiy, Lon- 
"doo. HcmarTMHlin 1831 l-^ther.dauAbterof 
N. O. Cohen, and slii? di<d in ti^tSS, ItdiTiaff 
• large bmily. The eldvat ton. Sir Ederard 
Lawson, waa created a barcmel in I89J. 

[TinM. 13 Oct. 1888: Daily Tdticraph. lUpa. 
rlBU: IUw«nUd London K*wf. ST Oct. ISBS: 
lOtaat'aS— apaper ft i ai .H.W.ftc.; Foi Bourao* 
. of the ScwipeptT Ptoa ; prirate inrorma- 


W. A. J. A. 

LEWEa [See alio Leww.; 

LEWSa, CHA6LE.S LEB (174O-lg03), 

aeter, was bors, according to Lii own account, 

is Mew Bond Slreei, London, 19 Nor. I74(J 

(OjS.) Hiefatber.abiieier, wboanbeeaueatly 


r«Bd thraogb Ilia mother, tbe daocbter of 

j WiUiain Lewtbwaito of Broad^e,CHmber- 

I land, he datmed coamretino with *o«n« fomi* 

I li«e of diaiinuiion. From seven yvara of affe 

r until fburttvofaowaJBt nrhonlin Ambleaidu, 

I WaaUDOreland. About irr^l li« relumed to 

tXoadoB, and wbdu (o ba\-e ataimied bia father 

■io hie wotk «« a letter-carrier. Ilielirttper- 

tanaaoDn, pruiiiiiiblv a> an amateur, waa 

about 174)0 at the ifaymarkel. na Ouh in 

* Krcry Man inhiaMuraoiir.' MaUbew Mii^ 

in the ' Mavur of Oarrett ' bn lubeeqiMintly 

SVC at CImIm*. After plnying at Choler- 
Id and otler oountiy town*, and experi- 
encing at Sheffield a diaaUtev aoddeui aa 
bart<<quin, he waa mf^ged atConat Garden 
aa eeoond bart<i]uin to Woodward. Small 

ne were occasionally en tnisied to him, hia 
reoonled appearance at Oovnnt (iardpn 
Wng -.?« Sopr. l>fl.1,««Barddphinth«Tinn 
I'an of Kin(t H«tfy EV.' Ilia name then, 
and fore *hort time aubscquantly. wad njwlt 
Lewitf. Aflrr the di^jiurture of \\'oodward 
for Edinhurgb he bMMme principal lutrleqiiin, 
and plaveil the clunicii.-r in 'Tlarleqiiin'e 
Jubilw,'' I Hcl. 1770. Ynunff Cape in tlie 
' Author,' Itowman tn ' I.Hbn, ].ora Jnhn in 
the ' Kngliahman mtnmed from i*aria,' l^nl 
[lawble in thr '(Tonntry Uodcnp,' Montono 
in 'Othello,' Sijuifii OrDiMn in 'Lovl» A la 
Mildly' I'rattlo in ' Deuo« i* in Him,' and 
M-urplot in the * BofT'body * wer« aaeigned 
him during the season. On S Dec. 17^ he 
was Bertram in ■ All'* Well that Kn.U W«<1),* 
and played atibeeqnently Oloten and oiber 
parta. tin the fim production of 'She Stoupii 
to Conqncr,' IB March 177S, Smith rrfuw^d 
tlui part of Young llarlow, which L«w*i« 
played ao much to lh« saiiBfooiion of the 
manafiement an to secure him a j'O^itinn n> 
leading comedian. Gold*mTili, pleaml with 
hia perfonnance, wrotn him nn epilogiM, 
whicli, in the chacacter of ]larlr>i|ain, be 
spoke at hia benetit. With lummer nrita 
to Liverpool be rrraainetl at Cnvent Garden 
until 17ft3,nlsyinKi>art« hi varied oaOratiano, 
llodeti^ JJrrcray in 'Love for Love,' Lo- 
reuo in 'Spaniiili Frjar.' 8ir Novelty 
Fashion in ' Love's Lost Shift,' liOn) Fop* 
pinKtou iu the ' Man of (joaliiy,' Young 
Wilding in the ' Liar,* Sir Anthony Abaolutc, 
Mercutio, Slender, Bobadil.Trappanti, Clown 
in 'Wintflf'aTaln'ond in 'Twelfth Night," 
and mniiy othpt teadinnchiraotert. He waa 
the ori^nal Fng in the 'Rivals.' JiiMie^ 
('rcdutoiit in 'St. Patrick's I>bv,' Meadnna 
in the •l>ent Lover,' Flutter 'in 'Bella"* 
Slmtai^em.' Squire 'Tambull in Ilolcroft's 
' Dupliciiy," Lord Sparkle in ' Which is the 
Man," Grog in O'Koeffe'e' Positive Man," and 
Welfnul ill tho ' Capricioii* Lady,' Cumber- 
land'anhiTation of (be 'Sconifi'il I-aJy" of 
lieaumont nnd Helcber, (Jiianelliiie with 
the mnnaiiement of Covent Garden nn ac- 
nrplud nn eofnK'.'menl at llntiy Lnne. where 
he Bppean-d on the opeabig night of I lix »ea> 
w>n,lU}>«vl. 178S, as Unphyt. Thediange 
wa* wholly diaadTamagMni*. He placed 
during the (mmb, atnengnlber parts, 'Touch 
atone, Pema in *Ral« a Wife and Hare a 
Wifti,' Liirio in ' Meaanre for M«aaal«,' Wit- 
wond in the 'Way of the Woftd,' FalMaff 
in the ' Merry Wires of Windsor,' and little 





in * I^re fur Lovi-,* and wna llic uriginnl 

(!n]cmi.-l Quorum iu'IttfparAtioii.' IIi« iiami^ 

noxi uppi-unt for liis benefit, fl May ITW, m 

Hriish in lliu ' Cl»ndp*tino Mfirrm(rn,' nnil xd 

Mi.-iii]'.iw« in t.lio ' Dimf liOVnr/ and "bf Unii no 

fiifilior ongiipirai-nt nt tho prinripnl London 

itieatrw. On 19 Mnj- ITS" hu win in Kdin- 

biirjfh, whero In; HCti>d in scvenil pieco* and 

j[nV'-, ufter a Oiutoin adopted iu his luler lirt-, 

nicilutiuDa uf GeoTD^ Ak-tUDdt^T SlvveiiB'a 

'Lr^cturi! UQ Heads. He won) wiih i'almer 

to tlie Koyally Tbeatre in Wollvloso Square, 

wli*Tii li'> rMil«d I'owpef's ' John Gilpin.' In 

a vnin hnpfof brlleriiiKhia fortune In- vl*ilcd 

indin with hi* vfife ond fuinily. tli- lind nol 

.ililiiimNl tbu ruquiaitu k-an? from EnRlnnd, 

und his iii!rfurniBni.'e4 wer? prohibiti'd. On 

7 April 1790 for tli« iH-neflt of John Edwin 

[u. v.], and on 18 May ITiK) for thi' heneRt 

■if Hull [q. v.l, Uo played nt Cnvtint (inrdtin 

Itiiek in tho'KnglisLnian in I'ari*.' Iliil.upn- 

inK l» .Scotland, lin eugneed in Kdinhurirh in 

irftL'undf.r.StqihuB lii-mblL-.wnspnri mmuiger 

of the DundcHi Tb'-'atfi!, and in I79'i Swns in 

Dublin, whL-n.- hu bwami^ a favuiirili.' in low 

comudv. Wliili> undercoiiig' iinpriMnmeiit 

for dubi Le wrote variou* work* of littls 

tn.?ri(. The nii:i*i mnbitioiig of ihe«e, ■ Me- 

niMiM i>f Gliurlr* T.oi- Lnwi-s,' Jic, writlen by 

himself, 4 vols, l^mo, IW.'), wn«ri parthiim-iu* 

piihlication I'dited by bin wn. Among tlioa- 

Ificnl nimpilnt iun*i il has an nnL-nvinblct 

proocdt-ncy of worthlessnusB. A few highly 

colimred piulure* of bis owti early lift' urn 

given: but be siipplion ninny apoery]ibul 

nneciloton of othur npiof, nnd devot...* Iivo 

volumes to nn nirounl of ihp wriingW cun- 

ceming: thi- Edinburgh Theatrti bctwonn 

Jarkiou, Mrs. Estt-n. and olhern. Lewi's is 

ilW> responsible for llijipisluy's * Ilrunkun 

Mnn, aB alte^Hl by Charlet I^eu Luwes,' 8vo, 

no duto (P 1787) ; a ' t,ecture on Heads, nil Lewes,' 1 7*^4; '.lolin 

lilpiii. nt d'divpnid by Charles Lon Lewee," 

nninentionnd by niithoritif^inad inaccivuiible; 

'Comic SkclebcJ, or I be Comodinn biaown 

MnnnpT,' l^mo, llSltl, conaisting of the 

eutertninuiAQIa be had ifiven and n skuteh uf 

hi^ life and a portrait: 'National Muli>diiit, 

■Songs,' &c., 12010, 1B17. Flarri^, the manager 

of Drury^lentthe thoatn.'for tlmboneHt 

of Lowes, 2i .liine IS03, whfn Ibo ' Wonder' 

WB5 purfortond, with Low™ im Lituardo, H. 

Siddoiu Qfi Dun Felix, M re, Jordan as Vio- 

Unte, ajid Mm. Maltoclu ai Flora. An ad- 

drvM entitled 'Lee Lewes's Ullimatnm ' 

written by Thoniaa Dibdin, waa delivered. 

A con»ideiftbl^> «um of monpy tra« raiaed, 

but n serioui decay uf power wu manifcutod 

by Lowes, who two day* Inter according to 

Dibdin, 00 S3 July acwrding to Boadon, wu 

found dead in bis bed. He wni buried in 
Fentouvillu. Ldwunwaa thrice murried.lrav- 
itig n family by hit flr«l wif>-, u Mik. Hnstey, 
and another by tJieBecond, a. Slist' Ri^^ley, th# 
dnugbtpr of a [.it'erpool innknepor. <3e'neel 
spflnus of Lewea a* a good actor, and w\* his 
rotirempnt wm • lot* to tho uto^. Anthony 
I'aHiuin praises bis valeta for a bold ' port- 
nem.' Two portmita by Du Wildo of Lewc* 
as Bnbadit are in thoOarriDhOlub. In iboa* 
trical reeordfl Lewea i» fr«^u^^tly confused 
with William Thomas Lewi» [q. v.} 

[GcneBl'i AccoHBt of llic Engliili StAga; 
Tliiuiplnji Dii-t, ; tiillilHiiil'a Ilramiilic MirTi>Ti 
Ogorgian En : Cliirk Itufi'Il'i ■(■'pnwatatiTn 
.Aplors; 0'ICcuffo'*nDCi>lltction»; Bojulrn'uLifaof 
Mm. .lonlnn ; I/iwmWii liiMiogr.iphnr'n MsniiiJ; 
nomn'* Animla of ill" MtjiKB. fl. I/iire; Brit. 
Mu9. Cut.; Oibdln'n Kdinburgb Stage.) J. K. 


1»^7H), minceltaneotis writer, bom in 1>ondon 
in 1*^17, wa» llio grandson of the nctor, 
Charles Lee Lewee [q. T.l Ilia (-ducfllioii 
was diMultory, He |mMod thrcmgb vnrioim 
schools in London, Jemoy, and Uriiluny, nnd 
waa linalty at Dr. Bnrney's at Orecuwioh. 
He entered a n^itary's office, and was at one 
time in the employment of a Ru«*ian meo 
cbaui. For a time h^> walked ibo hiWTiilals, 
but gave up tlio profoMion from bin <]i>ilLke 
to wit.niasing physicnl pnin. a feeling which 
in later years restricted tlio range of hia 
physiological exportmenla. At the ago of 
nineluen hi? bolongixl to a club, cuniiidtiiifi 
chielly of small trade«ni«n, who •tiKi.-uued 

ShiluS'jpli^F and, in inrticulaT, Spiiioxa. He 
ewriljed it in the ' Vortnigblly Review ' for 
If^Bti. One of it* mpmbdnt, Kohn, a ioumoy- 
mnn watchmnkor, ii anid to haw boon tho 
original of Mordocai in tJeorgo Kliol** ' Iloniol 
iJeronda.' Hv 1 83tt, be says (ProMfuu o/I.ifa 
and Mind, Prefaco), be had planned B ItWi- 
tiM, in whiuh tlu* pbiloeophy of the Soottiah 
school wiM \f> be pnysiologically interpreted, 
and bo lecturml upon thn Knbject in 1887 in 
Fox's ch«Jp«I in Finthury. 'fhiT inlernst in ' 
pbiloiophieni queitioiui chiu indicotod iraji 

frohablv the cunao of a visit to Ortmany in 
Sas, He spottks in a lettra 10 Macvey ".Na- 
pier (7 June IhM, Napier C^rmjmndenft, 
E. aSi) of having «pent ihr greater pari of 
is vouth in France and Gennany, and of 
having regninod theuMorhismothor-iongue 
by the buit thrco or four rmrn in I'^ngland. 
Lewes bail inberitod or imhtbi'd from th« 
■urroundings of hia youth a uuasion for tho 
drama. At the age of sixteen lie bad writtnn 
a play to be acted in hia own bouse by ■ 
company of boy amateara. After hia return 
from Hormany he made »oni« attempts to 
lake up acting ai a profotsion. In lt>41 he 

BMMknd u the VHiiit-iiBM TliMtra in G*r- 
ncVs oomoilj, ' TIm GiMrdian.' Tbu expwi- 
DWnt iTHiDorvtlMaoaMKDOwed. In lAi-^ 
fc« pUrvd in IKckoQaV ARuttcar Mmpnny. tn 

wiih Bam- SuUiTkn and alliens lutd In le£b 
hr octnl in bis own piny, ' Tlie Noble tlMrl ' 
&t the Olympic &111I iu tlie provinets. It in 
>Mid tlutVieperfoniunoHSretptwiall^iuSLv- 
' lock, mre l&ougLtfut and aitisiici but he 
wu Mama in phymcal power. 

LcwM nurriM in 1840 Aaip*, daughter of 

SwrnfmStntvn* Jnrvi* 1 1 rfl8-l*i«7> if (^bni- 1 


in isbi'liavni.nctvdaa '. 

tutor, lie Iwd In Bupporl liimwlf by lilt-mrj- 

I Kvrki uw) the L«ir«M» bMUue kdowh to | 

iMUijroftlheninat dinlaruiahedaatliorAoftlie 1 

ttai*^ anwdatly to (wy 1«, Tluokeray, imd 

J. 8. Mill. IUTn>l<iin&nyBrUclMinthe«hi<tf 

qoutcrly rcviowK, principntljr npon topic* 

comuetvd with tbtraraaia. IU telU Mller■^y 

SameT{0errr*pBtvlmcf,p,i'i3i in IHJ4 that mi 

I UtEskMbisuponOoctbuinlhiT' Itrilish nnd 

Fareien Quan«rl;F ' had bMrii Irbualati^d into 

bolb Fmieli nnd G«nnu]. In 1^40 he vroi* 

in the 'W««RiiMt«' iinon *Tbe French 

_ Dmna;' in IKIl inih<^' WwlminMfT' npon 

I Sbeliey, nbnm ho conlnwt* favouTitbly witli 

Bvron ; in 1H*3 in tho ' Wnrtmin«tM' upon 

' The Hmnt and AbuAu of EngUiih Critic t>in .' 

MlAckiui; the s.v«tnn otnaoajmoiu writing, 

' kod in th«i ' Ifhiith and Forelen Reriew ' 

BjMNi ■ ilevri'* .btlieiict;' tn 1^1 in tbe 

■ForciffB ijiurtorly' upon 'Tbn rtpaniih 

, Drama (irttelM aflnrarnrdii n'print'^d in 

llBM M a volntni.'). imd nimn A. W. von 

BeUtffpi'i ^hoD) Ur aiiackx as it pliilnMiphia 

ilDpotitor i in tbe ' Ediiibui^'h ' upon * Dm- 

nutic IWforo) ' an<) 'Thr ClaMi neat ion of 

I Hi«trM ( * and in the ' Britidi and Forngn 

} QtiaKtrly ' upon ' I'ho Modem Philosophy of 

nanci^' dcacribin^ ('ou#io aa a charlaian, 

and afaakin^ broumbly of Comtn; in IM4 

in the ' Brilub and Fopci(fn ' upon ' Alflnri 

and Italian Otboib:' inibe'NtwQiiartwIy' 

upon 'Goldoui and Italian Comedy:' and 

ID th» 'CUmIchI Mii»euni' upon thu ' Anii' 

l^ooa andih*< Daocinj^nf tbeumkChoniai' 

rralWfi in the ■ (Jlinbur^b'DpOD iMtaog, 

ibr whom be hai Ihit hiffheM a<lniirstiou, 

Ipartlvan Mbnlntst (icmianof ill <icrmnD«;' | 

f It) 1*17 in the ' llrilitb (Quarterly ' upon 1 

I' Browning and ibt- Poetry of the. \Re,' Tcn- 

Bjtim beinff in bia tiew (he only itu« p'wt 

li\ iaic ; in 1844 in ' Frawr's .Ma(,-azina ' upon 

l.r<>parili, and In tho 'British Quurlt^rly ' 

upon * lliMorical ItotnaiiM; Alexandra D'u- 

maa;' and io IS49 in th* 'Britiab Qnar- 

I buly * upon ' Uiaracli's Writiofpi' and npon ! 

[Macanlay. 1.l-w(» wm invariably bright, | 

dear, and «4iiiuvHt1y independent in hu 
criticitini, II« had irrenter sympathy than 
moil KiifUnhmcn villi French canons of 
luilR, dUIuii'd llie ctummn^u and obscurily 
of German iiti^ratiirc, and ihnught that our 
nalioniil idolutr?* of Sliukrapcaii! had mad« 
ua blind Io the mi-rilnof tbi^classicalscbiiot, 

Beaides ctilieisin^' Ltw» bud nTlutiipled 
indi'in-iuli'nt atillioi^^liip in his play nf tlii- 
'N.iIjIh lleiitl," Biiil had made c^nj-- adap'n- 
tionH fnim th«i Fn-ricb drHn)ni>, opeclnlly 
' Thr- (Jnme of S|i"-cnlnlion,' which had a 
lujiiiii)I[inpu!urity. IlevrotonUo tironoTcla, 
• UniiiUiiri*' (written in IS42) nnd 'ItoM^ 
Blanche, aud Violet,' which wen- piibliabed 
in ltS47 and 1^4S respectively. The ai-cund 
ahom great tmproveUMnt in literary ahill, 
and is vary superior to the tndinary run of 
ephMnenu novels. Lewea, howerto', wa* not 
nbomnovnliiit,aiid biaalt«nipiear>' enough 
to diaprove the Kiiftirntlion that he pUjrdd 
any other jmrt thon liini of a jndiciou* trilic 
in resarJ lo the novrU of Ueorge Kliol, 

Lewea's coiitinuuim lutunwl in philoauphy 
wasshonn by the ' Biogniphicul llialory of 
Pbilomphv.' Thetwoflretvolumee appeared 
in \m6, iknd the last two in IMo. Th« 
vivnrily ol ihn writiuR', nnd thn akill with 
which the pcnonoJ hialory of pliilocopben 
wan conneettxl with Ihit bittory of ihuir 
anecuUtiODs^nve a deai'rved ]iopularity 10 
ttie work- Tue g«iieral aim is to show llle 
vanity of all metaphy^iL-s and to r e p ron wit 
Com t«'s positivism as the ulumalocoal of 
pbiloso^j. Tho book repraMtitii nihar 1 he 
tmnreMions of a v«ry quick and brill iantjour- 
rudist than the Investigation* of a profound 
etudi.^t. In later editions much waa added, 
bul in HO unM'stemalic a fashion, according 
lo the temporary courve of LeWM's reading, 
a« lo desttuT the tymauttry without propor- 
tioTiallv adding lo the value of tbe work. 

In l^fiOTbnmton I.eigh Hunt [q. V.) aata- 
lilinhi'd the 'l.ender' in cn-oporation witil 
LcwM, who waa nliior for titcratr aubiccts. 
A. ■eriaaof nnicli'snpprnrpd In the ' Leader* 
fruDi April Iu Aui;tinl IBa^ which were tv- 
prmted in 1>^->.'1, with conndnablealterAlion 
hikI additions, aa 'Comte's Philosophy of 
th« Sciences.' Thcletlara which (witli sotnn 
additions) form tho f!m pan of the book 
woro founded iipon an analyui of Comtv's 
philci«i)<hy by (M«if)(TT Wnllter, a Uwvur of 
Abenlc<-n ( iuiVinniitioii from I'rofeaaor Itaia). 

Krbap- insulKcieulty, in a note To th^ iwcond 
tu-r ; but llie uamiw wer« not git'en, A' at 
that lime sympathy witkComtoV view* wan 
not an ndrantoge for a profeasional man in 
Scotland. Tlie ]wv-rm>ji wi-m at lhi» lime 
living with tho Tliomlon Uuni*. Lcwca 





liart»ml6filibcatniMiiil«nce<if MitnEvBM 
fweCaaHi, Mart AvRB%wbo liad coni« to 
Lcndon to hvl^ in editing the ' WMttniniiMr 
Reviow.' Tlve viemol manii^ hatd by Lewi!* 
tnd hit iiiuwdiato circl* went not more (trict 
tliMi tiioM <^ GoAv'm iLnd Shelley. Wtiun, 
IlOweTer,llie«auiarl nftkcpotaoiuconOMnivu 
exemplifleil thn tlicoriu wliicb he luul Ju- 
culcat'-d, eoropUcniionn arum-- which became 
nnicticalljimtig. In July ltS54 I.cwMl«ft 
hi* fomilv, ivjili whom he hnd liviil until 
lUnt (tui^', iiii'l wi^iil wilb MiM Ktaim to 
Oi-nu&ny. The cireiiinstunros wi-re wich on 
to pruohide the po»ibilil.v of n ilivorci.-. Il 
woiild nppkmilly b" unjiiiil to my lliut ihv 
wrong wiw«clujiTply upon either sidi?; hut 
it dOM nol njipitir thut moral lazily wii8 
combined with cruelty, La-wc* bad for a 
limetowurlc hiinl to «iipiii.>rt hiH nif.' nnd 
cliildrcn {Li/e -^ Ofu'-fft Pjiot, i. ^l-)i ""d 
«wil hi* baj'i 10 »rh<iol in Swilwrlnnd. 

For the rt>"t of hi* liC" Lews (insiMKl n* ihi- 
biub&iid of M'liMi I''vnii9, nncl yraa most utri;c- 
lionftM ixnd frunnrniiii. dcvotliiR hirnwlf tu 
ibiold her from nil thf iMiihUo cjf »uthor- 
thip, nnd promoting her hiioc«« by judtcjoua 
criticism luid by every iiiin\d« in hi* powyr, 
AflcT stwndiof; some lime *x Weimiir and 
Dvrliu, Lt^'i'i' reiuDKil loHiigUnd inMnrch 
\»t)ti. III» 'I.ifv nf ftocilhtt,' finichi'd nt 
Weimnr, ajipt-nivd in tins fallowiDtt Xovi'in* 
IxTwilh miirk<>il(uccriw,and hni b«vuiiu; the 
fliindnrd KouUiliworh upon the tmbjeot. It 
wo»uiii'd in l-'runcenstheba^eof two works, 
ODD of ivbich n-iu described by Iiewee a% a 
barefacod TKproduction of bin own. Ji hiu 
bewi widely ncceplw!, in npit^ of soinn nn- 
linnal jfalanoy in (ikimnny. It nhowi hii 
chonctcriiilii'. merits of di-ur fpaA rcTttf, in- 
dopandcmt critic i Km, and unllu^in^vivnciiy. 
Goethe'* idolaifT* wure ofcoum; iliitMitieried, 
and LewetV (.'■^ural prepouMBion afifiin«t 
Oerman bItI^ and dislike of ibe inyHtic and 
the allegoficHl tuuy disqualify him for nde- 
quata appreciation of snmi> iuipotnifGnfllh>*'« 

C'oa. The bookihowi-irr. litis nirrit* which 
I aeldom bcm c(^uallcd in similar work, 
and it ntnins il* position in our tiitraiun.-. 

TLs grunt miccwsof "GL-or)^' EliolV wnt- 
ItigBbct^n in 16<j7 with the i>ublicutli<n of 
tlia'Soenea of Clerical l,if<;.' Lvweti was uu 
lonnf under tlie nece^Dity of wririnp for im- 
DWcUat* profit. He nowlnrnrd hi^ ntlnnlion 
to pbyniolosy, and published a Rnod mnny 
artiCM*, wbieh ahoweil liU powers iu> a ponu- 
lar expounder of »oionoo. He viMreU Itlrit- 
combeinthesummarof ISM to study murine 
■oolofcv, and ihu ' Seaside Studies/ which 
wore the result of bis work. appear<^d ••arly in 
IBSi), Tt wa4 welcomed bv many ' scientiRc 
bigwigt* {IJ/t ^ Goorgt EUiit. ii. 12). m 

well as by tJie public. It vni* followed by the 
'Phyaioli:^- M Commoo Life' (IMtf), and 
'Stiidiee in Animal Life' (18(t2)^cliiefty re- 
prints tiom the ' Comhill Magaiine.' "rbey 
contain auf^gaationa du* to aarioiu ■raenti&i 
rMMfch, u well at popuiar aspoaiiion. 
Among various suii^tiona ia thai of the 
fimdamuDto] homoncneUy of all nurvoua 
atiuctilrea, vbich hu appean to bare fin( 
eut forward, and which has been adoM«d 
by NVundt and oilier Germau pliyutdogHU. 
Leo'Ci coniamptaled a liiatorr of KMnoe, of 
which his liook upon Arisiolle. pabliiliM iit 
l^U.was a dm ini>t>lnimt. lia ondaavoms 
to show tbikt Ariitotle'* aniidpationa of 
modem KcivDcc lukvu been cxaiiguralcd. 

In lt*tlii Lewes became the edttos of the 
' Fortnit^htly Review,' but without any peOU- 
niarv iuleresl in the adventure. Ine lirst 
ttum'ber appeared lA May 1^6A, and was the 
fint Ki^lish poiiodicaltoadoptas a rule tha 
plnn of tifinca article*. He recaitml contri- 
buiion* nom many distin^iiiJiDd writarL 
but resiffccHl hi* post at tbeonda(18t36yaBd 
win BUtcei'dfd by Mr. John Moriey. Ho 
contributed lu tlie ■ I'all Malt Quelle' in 
its curly yeuri^andiii l^'I) repabUshed from 
it some of his crii icitms upon the drama. 

Lewr4 hiul Ixien always interacted in ^U 
l(ifr>)iliii:nl and jihraiological proUom*. Hi> 
rvsrnrchiv into tlin nerrou* aytCara hod in 
Ibtn iriven him ' a clue through tJie Ubj-rinlh 
nf mental phenomenn,' and about loUS lu 
lti>Ran more syitematically to try lo put to- 
(•eihur the fundamental priuciplM of a tcien- 
titic p^yi-b')Io)ry. The result ww hi* ■ Pro- 
blems of Life and Mind,' tlie first volume of 
which appcnrNi st the end of IH73 (dated 
1^174), the si-cnnd in 1 87 r>, the third b 1877, 
and the founh(i)OKlhumousIy)in 1879. The 
book was cumpilc'd from many ]j>apeM writ- 
ten at dilli-'reut liwet. and is a series of dl*- 
ouasioas rather tliau a *yeteiualicexpa«itioii. 
Lewea had always been more or laas a toU 
lower of Oomie. He snid in an article upon 
Comie in tlio ■ I'orlniirhily ItuTien' for 
IWfl7 : ' I hnv» Iwii critii'isin|t bim foe mow 
than tweniT years, and lost his friend Jiip by 
my freedom.' In the ' IVjbh-ms ' he probablj 
dii erKert tii some extent from his early nia«tat 
br admilliu(: the relevance of some meta- 
physical iniiniries, althoug:U by excluding the 
•melempiricnl'orontologicnl problems which 
li-< beyond noMsiblc niperienco he held that 
he wan stili adlirring lo Comic'* doctrioa. 
He diHered from Comtc alio l^admitiinff 
the pasnbilily ofa separnte BCBaaoe of mind, 
nllhouuh he couui-rled it cloeelr on one side 
with physiology, atid on tlie other attributed 
new importauce to the ' sociologicaJ * factor, 
lie givt's xpodal prominence to tlia doccrioe 





tliat Ibe mind, tiko ihe bodilj-or^kniam, la a 
unit, irboM ujircis call be liiKicnllv K]iii- 
ntfd, but which ATI! nut roiU}- uiitiiiK-l. 
AIUmokIi his admirvn do lUii uLaiin ih«t li« 
contribnted «ny radkallv auw (AMiceptioii lo 
ihilMOfihir, ibpy hold iLal he did nucb lo 
iriB]( out new atpvcis of dodrinM not fully 
'jMOMveil lij hi* iir«l«;««*or*. 

I^wr* '■ beallbbnd lH-i>a ofim frobledDrint; 
hi* Inter ynn. lie Uwl, b(iir<'Vi.T, u mmMk- 
Afaln buovuiiry ■>f «pirit, KBtl wm, till Ui« 
la*t, noBt brillUui mut n^^-uable in conver- 
Mtiiott. \Vltktei«r Ub IauIia, h« vas b man 
MDgulkr gtmtnMy, genial uid unprfttni* 
I, quick (o teoagiiiw monti 4nd r«»d,v to 
,74iuigaatliont Tbougliuiiidtivacritic 
wu n»T«r bittOT, wad wan Cur and opcu- 
inijrd in «vni< tot^tit. Ilia rxltnonliimry 
itilily i> ihnwn by bin nriUogs, uud whn 
'baM. >oiDe hieutraoM to hu I'miiivnct- in 
ialdi-paitmniiii. Ilewfaasborluiidslijilil, 
with nfim-'brotr ami very bri^'ht vyt<j,biil llie 
otbvrfMttirM w«ivBiiehiIial |)iiii^lat<Ji.-rn>ld 
ftaid lo lisT* callnl him loo uiiKinifocally 
«'uit(lic*iiD*niiiLoi>don.' Y«x inaaimated 
talk bin {anooial dcfoct* would vanirh. 

LewM died Dt the 1*11017, Si. Joliu'x ^^'ood, 
whon bo had lived from 16U3, ou 'J>* Nov. 
IK78. Two of his Mos, TlionitDTi and ller- 
pbnt, dM beforv him in I8C0 aiid lb7G. It>'> 
~ 1eat Mn, Charlea, bi>TD id IS4>1, gmiiwd a 
lerinktp ill the piNit offim in 1M0, aad b*>- 
SHBe tb0 Iwir 01 (icirgn ICliot oil licr doath 
In ie&O. IIr kft ib<^ pott oiBcc in lti8lX 
IIu <Kn» a pcvtD'iler nf tliv llniiiii*Icad llunth 
RKti'iutoo, and wai i-Utiwl n m^iilnT of tbt- 
tint I»ndnD Coiiiily Coiuioil fur tbvSl. I'an- 
CTiudulri<:t ill lt<^^. He died -J>J Auril 18!)1 
kt liHXOT ia Kicyiit. By bis wif^ Oi-rtrud>', 
■laterof BliHUctaria Ilill.whnin li^mnmi'd^lrftlhrrodauKhU'ntriMrf.SMDy 

L«we**« worlm arr : 1. ■ ItioftrniiliiciU Ui^ 

lonof Fhilowfihy.' 2 vol*. t>vo. jNl'i-Udntn' 

«dttiotu in IHST, iwr. ltJ71, lti»0; Inn*- 

latrd ii:i'> Ci«TBBn and Magyar), i. ' The 

8]HuiiFli Drama : LuitedaVMsaudCahb'nin,' 

1847. 3. • lUuihoijie,' 1»I7. 4. ' Ita"-, 

BUncbo, and Violet. 1«4S. 6. ' Tbn Nobl.- 

Hi.iart * (pluy). 8. ' LiUi of M ax i mi I ion 

ftalw>|ii(rn-, with Kxtncli from uupubliabfd 

.4Com«potidi!Dra,' 1840. 7. ■ Conite'i Tbilo- 

[•ophyof ib« Sckima,'liiU>3. a'Th<^« 

etOoexbe,' 2 vut». t^vo, le:^^, ]Ml.l&:5,iew) 

(■hridgvxnt in 1873). 9. 'Svasidt- 8ludi>'« 

. M nftMonbe, Teobv. the Scilly lalve, and 

IwiMr,' 18S8. 10. ''lli^Nology of Common 

lJfr/2 Tolir. Sto, 185b.ea 
in Animal ].if< 1803. 13. 

1. 'Sttidiw 

tn Aninnal l.ifr, imS. 13. 'Arutotlu, a 
Chapter from the History of the Sciraoca, in- 
otiuuBg an Analyaiii of Ariatotlc's Soientillc 

Writ lags,' I HU. 13. 'PrublcmsorLifi; and 
Mind'(»i!i> olmve), l((74-9. 14. 'On Actors 
and the Art of Acting,' lB7't. !.">. 'The 
r^iudv of I'lvcholoDT: its Utrioci, Scope, and 
Method,' 1878. 

[The fnllot a«counl of {.oma U in aa article 
in Ihe New Quaittfly for Octobar lS7fl, wrtltea 
liT iii. Sully, trith infotmation fmm Oeecfo 
Ltiot; K« umo Crow't life of Gcoiga Klloti 
iitformiiii'U] bnjt bnn rceelTed Cram priTute 
tour«M.] h. S. 

LEWOAK, JUHN (ll}CK>-10(I6), Itoman 
csthnlic wntroveninliat born in Loitdon 
'of genit'pl parents' in 1003; was admitted 
n commoner of Trinity Colleee, Oxfiird, and 
mntricuUtod 13 Hve.' Wild (itfgifrr <{( Ojc~ 

l/urrf f/NiV. mL ('lark, vol. ii. pt. ii. p. 967). 
lie was lutmittrd II.A. i'li Nov. 181B, eom- 
nicncud M.A. io Itll^, was incorporated at 

, C^mbrid)^ in 1025, and louk the doffrce of 
B.Ii,UJiilyItjaa(» Ue 
wae rector of l^vertuc, Somenet, 1037-35. 
Ilaring been induced bf OhUliD^ortli to &b- 
juro pitnntnntii^ni, be went to Mainland on 
the invitation nf C«icil Cnlvert, wcond locd 
llaltitnorc, vho hncl b>v-n hi* iiilimste friend 
al collufiv. .\fliT the dooth iif bis wife Ijcw- 
gar ntunied tu Kn^lacd. v>iiic yeara beE(it« 
thelte«Kiratioii,iac<ampiuiiy wit li Father An- 
dr«w Wbi(e,aJeauil,v>ho'had beta engaged 
in miauoDary work among tlie abori^nea of 
Maryland. SubM^uentlyhe reaided in Lord 
Ilaliimnn''* houte m Wild Suvot, Ij>ndon: 
nnd hp died of tlK> pbmuo, in tho pariah of 
St.Uil<.-K-in-tbi--b'ieId*.in llttUv 

His works are: J. 'EroiluaJunior: aaolid 
II«inaiUtnlion by Ihinciplm, Forma of Or- 
dinatlofli Ooonniou Lawn. Actn uf Pnrlia- 
in-.'iil, lliat noBiiJiop, MiiiiHer, uur Preeby- 
i>'r, hntli nny Authoritv to rreacli, &e,, tnon 
(Jhn«^ but 'from the IWliamcnt,' l.ondon, 
16fi9-eo. 2. • l-lrvtua Senior, aeboIaatiaOIr 
domnnKlmtiDK this Conclonon. That (a<t 
mitting thdr Lambeth Record* tor true) 
thoM cnUed Biahopa here in EnirUnd are uo 
BitlioiM ^ther in onW or iuriedution, or ao 
much «J le^ '(aaon.>rLon<lon t\ 1062, ISmo, 
ill ausver to Ma4on, Di^lvn, and BninhalL 
h elicited from UTalpfi^ C^iidwortb?) a 
r>'i)lT,Mtit]ed*ASc(iora«icnin>iKouTw . . . 
nlierrin ii anxwend all which ia al|pg<>d by 
Kraalua Senior anainat iho order and jiirio- 
diction iif ihe Itiahnpa of the Church of Ivng- 
loiid,* liiiu'lun, ItfOS, 4tv. Ia-w^^'s trealiae 
ha4 bnrn trroiKsitialv atfribed tu Prler Tal- 
bot in rvpriota irbicli appeared at Sydney in 
]K48and Mew York in ISSO. and ia'TU 
Engliah Catholic l^bmiy,' vol. ii. I^ndon, 
1S£|, Bvo. Talbot wrote a book on thti aamn 
t(l1Iic,Mltitb^d'Th« Nullity of the Protratant 
Church of England ondila C1eif;y,' Bruaaclfi 






1066, Hn (Wtu. HrUrn 4/ Inland, ed. 
f luTM, p. Ifi3>. 3. ' A Confcmnoe bctw««n 
Uw ttoaun ('hunrh be tb« Ctiiiolic (%uj«lt, 
■nd kU uut of W CoMnvaion lietvCm or 
KcliHrDaticv,' Ixindaii, I6r>7, 4iol 

[OuMk UimtUnj, IIIU, t. 107: Dod-f* 
Olwrch Hwl. iii. S«f ; bKonit'f Qsiittan of 
Ai^baw OrdiMti«a> ducuiwi]. p. ttP 1 J«o»'* 
Popwy T^acU, pp. 2I>. 'iVl, 4H3 ; Lm'i T«fi. 
dlv of III* Hot; OrdM* of U>« CLuick of Enff- 
hnd tMinUinnd. p. IM; PiidMni's Talidhjr'of 
Uw (Mmi ol tha CboRb of E««Uik1. 1 AM. p. 2S : 
Wood* AthMB (Ham. (BlJw), iii. «»a ; FoMai'i 
Atuani, ISO0-ITI4,| T.C. 

LEWICKE. KliWAlU) {_fi. I.V!S).port, 
WM til" author of ■ Th* inoiit windeWiiU 
Biidplnwauni Iliktiiri' orTitui knd (iiiipDun. 
wbiTubr ii full}' dMlared tlii- fi)(urt! ot i'vt- 
tixi Kriendithip : drawn into EniiliBli M«'trv,' 
LioaAna, \Wi. Tlir'taW wasoriginalkukvii 
from Boccaccio by Sir TLmiMi Eliot, who 
iiii RMJUMi* a proM VHroion into hill ' Gortfnor.' 
I(>>wicki>'i \iex'va ill, a* Kir. ColliiT lia* iliown. 
littlu inori' ihnn n rhymiil parapliroM of 
KImii'h rt<n'\pt\ug. (ioldmoitli • 'lftl« of Al- 
Mtbili'r and SirptimiiM* wm prob«blj taken 
from IxiwickiT. 

II.'iwn.lFFi'H liibl. aianiwl. p. \Z6\; WauV 
Bill. Drit. p. WU : Wartun'* tfiat. of Ungliah 
pMlrr ; I'^rnu ColliiT'a PoMical DManeroD, 
II. 80) G. B. D. 

LEWIN. THOMAS illW)-l8T7l, mla- 
oellan«nuji wril«r, bom on III April lAOTi, 
vmn fifth «ni of Spcmcwr Jmniw l.4iwin, vionr 
of Il)cld,,Siiiui-x, ntid rector of Cmwlpjrjn tbe 
Mmu rniiiit}'. In .Murcfa IHIO hnmu placed 
at Klvrclinnt Tavloni' School (Jtri/uirr, td. 
l{i>|jiii«oii, ii. IWl, wht-nccf hu jinN-'vciled ti> 
UxfijriJ, mutriculatiiiK froni Wwrtpetor Col- 
iMnooSDNor. l^SiFonea, Alumni Or-m. 
171fi-188A, (Ii. 84:i). He miffrato'l m TrJnii v 
on obUiiiin^n«choUr«hip them in lH:>r>,nn(l 
took n Unit pIiuu in Hiuwicol honnur* in 1827, 
irmdiiitlln^ M.A. in l)«Jt<,and M.A. in IN)), 
(hi li-iivina (txforil lie* »fa« admtltf.'d nt 
CiiIii'b Inn. luid wa« cnllud to llic? Imr In ICS>t. 
Hill Hiiunil jiid;-ni<-ut und vulid ucijuirciuenlk 
gradun1tyiu<curL'd fDrhiin an ample diani^'-ry 

tirnclice. In IhC2 Lord St, l,iMpnHrd« (ilir^n 
oril chnnccllnr), lo wlinm l.i-win hiid n'n- 
dnnnlviihialilciuMiolnnci* in rrnminKmi'niilwi 
of tnw riifnrm, appointed liim n convcjnncinit 
ci-iiiimrd lo thc! cmirl of rlmiiPiTV. Hi; tv- 
Ittiin-Ulhcipott until liindc'iit lion fiJiui. It^'T. 
He marrivd lalv in IIH-. 

Ltiwin's ' IVupf ieiil Trenti"e on ihi- I^aw of 
'rniHiMHtidTru»tPir«.'8vo. I,ond<.n.1S37(8lh 
i"liti<iii, l-^'),hii» long^ liiktin rank ni on iiu- 
tliorilaiivi- li>«l-book. Hii mont importont 

wock, 'TW life aad Bmiitia t^ 9t. 
i vob. Uow, htoiim. 1SS1 iSmi ' 
S ToU. 4to, 1 ^74 : 3d ««ti<M, IffSk* 
litiB for full tonj jcan. dariig vUA ha 
man thsn oaoe fmoaaU* JMyiBfi «B tW 
prindp*! wmm to which it wlM— . Tte 
■■'"'-"'i— t "T ^~'i-*T'-*-rl -^'- ihMiiliiil 
hiibrieal iUortntiiM^ iiaiij of th^ tram 
tHuuhM of hii own. 

Lewin WW an actin nwatbct «t Om Stf 
tiety at ABttquanw, of wUd he be 
fellow oa 19 Much ItMS. At ih> „ 
lion of tho BTMidctit, Lord SuahapOithoi 
mirBllj; tnadft in lW2a «p««ial MnMoftidU 
obacrvat intu with a mw to Mttlinf tba pbee 
utCtetufn iMtuVmg in llriiain, which Lewhi 
idenliftHl wilb HtiIii', a vLfw MrMiglT eon< 
iwtod by EdwMd'CardwTrll. D.D. ^q. r?.. wbo 
claiaiad theiUftiiKtion for l>nl. lii h>« p*pvr 
' Farther ObMrraisoiu 00 ilw Luidiiif of 
Cmmt' (print<Nl in ' ArehBologia,* xxxix. 
.109-14) l.«win jutitl; cUiOMd tfa« verdict of 
ttn-ajlmiraltTioboinfaniuraf Iljthe. Inlua 
■ Ski-icb of Uritwli and Konan Loadoa,* ■ 
pDjier printed in 'Ai«h«olo(,-ia' < InVi), xL 
bV-70), he allowed thai London wa« at vnjwnf 
a Briluh city; and in an rlaborale |<*p(T 'On 
the Pwution of llio Pontic Lensasut of ili* 
Komonii'^'AtdiamlogM,' I8»S, il. .%)-74) 
Mrore to idontihr tlio Poriiu with HyUi<-, a 
ponlion which \V. IL liluck nndcaiourpd lo 
onotrorMt. He also contriliulpd thrw papers 
on lim vextid i|umliiin uf llii.- Iupii|;raph> nf 
JerUMlem (il>. xL. 11U^:U. \X,-W, and xliv. 
17-4S3), rdJ 'On iliv Caatra of the Llttiw 
Saxonicum, niid paniciilarljr lh« OlMnitn of 
Olhona' (ill. xli. 4i;l-m). 

nil otiwr wrltinn arc: 1. 'An ICwavoB 
the Chronolfijjj- of tlio New TiwtainL-Qi,* Svo, 
Dxfiird, Jn5J.' 1'. -Tbo Invasion of Itrilain 
bv JuliuB CicHBr,' 8vo, London, l)*uO; ^nd 
i-ilitiun. H'ith rMtlicH to tliu rvmarka of Sir 
U. It. Airv and PwfM*or E, Cnrdwidl. 2 pie. 
180*2. 3.' ■ JeruMtem : o Sketch ofth* City 
niul Tiinipie from the earliiwt time* to th* 
Sii'gn hvTitiia,' Svo. London, 1891. 4. 'Thii 
SiegiiorjiTUwilnmbyTitiiii; with the Journal 
of a rrccnl Vinit. l<i ibe Hnly City, and a 
(iwicnil Skcrlcb of ibe Topojtrapby of Jeruaa- 
Icm frum the L-arlieol tiuirH don-Q lo llid 
.Siege,' «vo. London, IWiS. "i, ' l''a»ti Sacri; 
or a Key to the Clironolosv of the Now 
TeBiament,' 8to, London, lw6. 

[Law Mng. 4th •«. ii. 271-3 ; Proe. of 800. 
Antir]. :2nd lor. vil. JUI-3.] G. G. 

LEWIN. Wll.Ll.VM (d. \:mu (.-ivLlian. 
oldoft Bun of Ldmund I.i'win of ColUye, II rrt- 
fordiliire, by bis w lit' Juliana Oouehe (Bebbt, 
GfiMoloi/in, Kenl, pp. 'iVi, 432), mat-ricii- 
laied at Camhrid^ as u peti»iuner of Clirist's 

CoUeM in NovemWr luCii, prooMded B.A. 
in lfiSl-2, ami vu frlec(«J a fellow ia 1500. 
L'lioD t he T M)t of QuMD Klitabotb to tlwi nni- 
Yenitj is Augual lASl, bn xldtCMod bor in 
lislui in llio naiDP of mil ifao bftclMlan (Nl- 
CMOU, l^rtyrrnei of Qiiivn JShlsAeM, iiL 3S). 

In IfiUSIiocojiuivcucwl M.A,, unci wucboseii 
tnuir lo Aane Crcil. aftiTnunLi counUMi of 
Oxfenl. Sbi< iiubM<]ueDi1;r vrvtn to ber 
fttlwr (LorI Dargbur) u^ng him to i*- 
«oauMD(l Lewin to tfir' qneea to tmiuUto 
Jaml'i worka into Ijitio. During jMrt of 
1U9 Lvwia irw aae at ibo |mM!tor* of (lie 
minnil}:. t'n lOJulj lo70 be ww diictei] 

Sblie omtor.bui rniffned that officu iu tb« 
Iim-inK vrar. Wlule U.A. Wid > Mludeul 
of ibu civil law b« obtained ttota lb« Arch- 
bwbop of CautMbarj a diamnMlion to bold, 
although a layman, a bennflco, witb or with- 
out coro. (hi Ifi Mnrrb I5T>'> 6 he- bi^rninu 
dma of ibo jp(«iiliar«. nnd nn 7 May Ifi'tl 
ira* MlnuttHTan odviicnti*. In tbut vvoi lii? 
waa dvatecl LL.1>. IIi- wuBJii'lf;!? oftbeure- 
death, cbanc^Uurof tbir iliooew 'if Roclie«i«r, 
andcoauninarvof tbefitculiii'4. Iliiropiiia- 
tianaaa|iain*takiD^,iiprigb(jud^w» viTy 
high. It) h^UMtbinK a b^g^cy to ilie advi>- 
cUm and procton at tbe iiruiirfl, (o be ex- 
peBded on a dinner and n piiTv of pUie. b^ 
bcg« theini>>iinpat« luattii<-tii«Mi mlli thvin 
to bia desirv ' ibat cbusm migbt prwiwl in 
k inal, onkriii?. nnd epwdie <oiirfw' (will 
ngutAKd in P. C. C. 1, l.«wro). In lT,Si 
b* RUppUcattd for incor|>or>tiiNi nt Oxford, 
■fpaitntlj wiib KUOOMa. In 1564 be wiu in 
■eoanmiwion toviiit tbe dioceie of St. Ampb. 
He KfVWtuled IbiohMtrr in tb>? purliami'iil 
which aA«»blnl on ?» 0[:t. I'lirti, und iu 
JfuM 1&87 waa in a comtiiiMioii ■•> vmi iIih 
hoapilala of Snllwood and Hvlhi-. In lln- 

Srfianeot of 4 Kcb l-V't'-Sbn njiitin wrvrJ 
' RocbntPT. Oil L*r Kcb. f<>ni>wiliB be wiis 
admitted, a lui>f; witb hi« patron Itancrud, 
Brcbbi*bi>p of Cant<Tbut7i-,a member of Qrat'n 
Itu i^Ktvuter, ed, Fu«t«T,p. 7-1). As une of 
the high oummiHiioiiien lor ca<t*ea vccttul- 
aatical \» war preoMit at tbe d^prhaiion rif 
Kobert Cawdry foraonronfiTmiiynn 14 3d«y 
ISBtk In Mai- liWI b-' in ■ dlirii*- 
•ioawitb Tbnoii* CailwriK'" |l-ViA I6a'!) 


l, V.', wben the Utter wa* convmnl U-foro 

■ rommwuiuuiTa to lake thetiiithr.r offiriu. 
To ibe Mrliamenl of 10 Feb. lo!>^-<t be whh 
retartMa for BoclieMer for tbe tbini tini*-, 
kod on '27 Feb. iipolu- again*i a [ii"li'>it tu 
nbna lb* Mrlraiiulical ooiinn < Fart. Ilul, 
iv. 374). In tbr ila^batr oa the bill at;i><'>*^ 
rreiiUD'*, on V2 Mnrvh, hr iii^'d ihni tlio 
ItTowni*t> and Barruwinl* iJioulJ he pro- 
CiKdeJ aipiinit an well on ibe pnpiala. 


1 ri .Imitinry l-WJ l>^nin wb4 luade a msater 
in chnntxiry (Cn/. HtitU Pnprr*. l>om. 1£9I- 
l.'>91, p. .111). In lABAhcwat holding tbe 
prebend cjf Llnnofrdd in tbe cbureh m Sl 

I.«wiii died on IS April l&QS and wa« 
buried at 8l. I.«orutd's. bboreditcb, tbuusli 
it bail been but datire Iu be interriKl in Ins 
cbureti of Olterden, Keut, in wbieh parinb 
be poM«a«td a tine bouse and estate. In ac- 
cordanco with bia instractiona an olabont« 
monument to hi* momorr was oiwtnd on tb* 
north aide of hU cbapvl ni Ottcrdnu Cburob. 

He murried Anne, daughter of Fnuicis 
Gouldunilh of Cnivford, Kent, iL lodv cel<!- 
braled by Gnbnul Iiarvey. in ibe dedication 
of bta'CiceroiiianUB* I'l tier liuKbaud, (or her 
beant)* and viniieH. lie left tbree sons, 
Juatinian, Tliomiu, and William ; and (brfie 
dflU(tbtcn: Anne (rf. 1(115), wif.- of Sir Uiw- 
d«u, Willsbin-, nnd n-pisimr <jf tbe eoiirl of 
[^Imncery (A'eu' Jutiyland Hist, imd tSmtnlug, 
Urg. for July 1890); Cat berinu. wife of June* 
I'ngKl of Xortbamptoiieliirv ; mid Judith yd. 
l(liS), wifeof Sir.lolin UIimii), Iwrt,, of l.«m- 
pcirt, nitnr Nnrlhnmptnn. Hie second nm and 
' e\Tiitiiul lieir, Jiislininn, bom in IMi, wn4 
I admilled of limys Inn on K Feb. 160".; 3 
(Heyi'tlrr. p. 104), becume (Tellllemiin of iho 

friv\ (.'bamljer Iu Janieo I.utid wut knigliled 
4Mnreblt(03-J. IL'died.ju L-KjunelUVO. 
lly bU ninrria^ on 14 Muy I'XJT lo Eliia- 
bi-lli.dautcbliTiif Arthur Capel of l.ii tie llad- 
, bum, lli-rtf'.irdibirr,li«hBdBn only dnugbtHr, 
I Ktizabptb. Nil widow married, »Tf)ndly,oH 
' It* Mureb MlL'J-S, Itnlph, lord lloplon [q. ».j 
(Cl.riTEllBCCK. Ilrr/JorJiAirr, i. 34.^), 

Lewin was a friend of Jolni Siuniiituand 
, Rnbrid llaney [q. v.] He i» author of ilie 
Ijiiin i<pii^ll« ut ibe printer bvtoTV Harvey's 
'Cirefonianii*,' IR77. Some, if noi ull.of tbe 
b'liern wrilien in tbe nnmnnf ib« Dnivcnily 
during ibe shiirl period Iht bold tbe oflic« of 
nublii.- orator were by bi* ■iibnlitnto John 
! tkcon [i|. v.j 

' AgTsndt'm.Sm Jmisi.i'i I.ewix(1<IIS'^ 
I«73p, son of Williniii lri.'win of Smilhlield, 
Ixindon, by Sarnli, bift wife, was bautiwd at 
.■it. lianho1amew<tbo>l.«(i» on 17 Feb. Itll2- 
lOl:;. He graduatad KCL. in I6»^ and 
IM'.L. in Itt:t7 an a member of PHnhroka 
( ul legv. Oxford (Wood, /iM/j0.ioii:.od.V[ia*, 
i. I'^'i-3,4i5ri). lIc-wasapixtinieilcornuiiiiMuy 
of Xorfolk iu loss, and ollirinl lo the arch* 
deacon of Xorfolh in lU^tV. Tu IG39he was 
judgo-martial of arm^ under TbooMa 
Hnwnrd, narl of Arundel, in (lie Scotdi ex- 
pediiion. Ho bpcnme on m Nov. IMI a 
member of timy's Inn iJbyutrr, p.S>'M),iuid 
niajtei In rJuineery on lil' July Iftil. II* 




rciitWul Lu<iliam,Nurfulli,aii<li' 
M promote Cliarltii ll'ii Jiiluiviit ia that 
ooiuttj, Mpvcially, o» lU! SliJ*. ' in lllfi bUM- 
noM of J'^niH!, wLicth mijihl linvo btvn uf 
eminont iiao ImlforlhRtrcochcryof llytider- 
■on, llipji (tovurnor of Nt-wnrk' (Cai. Urate 
lktptn,lh,mAlUiO-l.f.220i. For hia (.bare 
in ihu ]ilot b« vnu impriwincJ for a gbort 
tiiut> iu lU&G (tA. Dom. lOSS, p. 968). At 
tLi.> lUiJt oration he was rMtoreidlo bis oHicPt, 
and was kni^bleil on 13 May 16G1. IIo diod 
IJan. Ui7'2 :{, nntl wns biirind in Uiocliancd 
«rSt. hartliolonww-lWLwlL 

J Cooper* Alhetu* OmUiIir. il. 342-6, £10, 
aiitbortlif* dt«ilt)itTC; Cat. t'Uta I^pvn, 
Dom. IMJJ-i. vp. 311-12, Hnrrcj. Pivire* 
Supervrooalion (Colltor). p. 42 ; LcttiM-Book of 
Oabrivl HnrT«r(QiTiid.Soc),n'-7tl78i UmiwI'x 
Kant (bl. ul), iL e!«. CSI ; Ilotn and QnoritB, 
4Ui»cr. iv. 337.192.] G.G, 

LEWIN. WUJJAM (rf. 1795), uMu- 
rulii-t. wiiji elected u fellow of llie I.inneaii 
8**101)" I'fl Dec. 1791, and was residing nl 
Dnmnlh, Kent, in ITflil, and nc lloxlon in 
17tM. lli-pMliublydi.-'i Ht ihcondof I79r>. 
His niunc dop» unt npp'nr in tli<" lirt of f«l- 
lonsof ih'- l.iiitiirnu Siciiilv for 179U, und be 
is ducrilii-d as ' iIk' tnli- ^^ illiain Ix-n in ' in 
Lh-.- 'TmuKicliuiis'of 17il>, I^wJn publiebi^d 
after aii'Tv (ban livtiury je»w of Miidy 'Tlie 
BirtlsofORai Itrititin Acouraiely ilfiruTtd'tin 
7Tol^ 17Wl-l71>ft),tngrnvi.'duml cnlonnxllij' 
Lcrwin bimxi'lf. llnti^ of egf:^ wnm nddm 
from ihi- Diiplnws of I'onlnnd'i eolli-ction. 
In tb# di-scnpii'-ii! of birds Lifwin wiib bi'ljivd 
bf bia duns, and ibi- vrork was di^dioulcd tu 
JohnL(iiIi»in(l74i>-1837)[q. v.],frou] wbom, 
a«welliM>fV>>iii ISrliinJwnnndl'onnnnt, I,#wiii 
bad Frcvivvd mni'^rlnl AMiStauc?. Tho tncond 
edition of Tba ' llirds' wnn pnlilitibcd in 
6toU. l7Ur)-ieoi, 4lo, wiib dfucriplioiiit in 
Ftencb u wirll i>» in KnBliab. Thu drnwingn, 
aumbering twcuitjr Ihouiuind, and inchidini; 
30TplatM,wuTvexi-CUt«dbyl<et<'in. Tlit^yan^ 
8piriled,and *b4w conaiderable artistic ta«tH, 
badljr pmjmrririiifid. A* fnr tbo diMwriptionii, 
Li-wlii "pfnlii, of (hit biiuik woodpccKM at 
bavinfc biM-'n luunil m En|;land, but hviiig ex- 
OMdinijIy seurcp. iinduf I hi' )tn.-iit null att a|i- 
peariug inlbrnoribern parts uf ibekiu^'doui. 
without a word of it^i-xceiiMVi' rarity, lottiiit 
inglji>win'»'l(rili"b llird* n»nviTry Vfnitlili-iw 
boi'k (nrt. • Omillioloay,' ICiict/rl. /Irifl.) 
Lenin nI«o piiniributcil a piipt-r in 179^ on 
aoino rnro lltilisb iuaecln to tbe ' Linnnau 
8ociuty*s Trunsactions ' (iii. I-J), and piib- 
lialied a finit volume onlv of * TLe In»eoi« of 
Great Britain ayalenatiCRlly iirrnnW, ac- 
VanUHj mtgnveA.vtd pnint^id from Xatiin.',' 

Lutuioii, 17i'0, -ilo, witli fony-#ii coloured 
plalDA. TliP nln:i>s in ihi' work irorc rn- 
gravcd hv Iriiwinlimtflfiaod the dcscripiioas 
written in both Fn-ncli mid Englinh, but tbe 
voIuL> of tliu work ii muoli li-aMtncd hy ih« 

Saiiiling idoDu under Lewin's ' immediate 
Lnciion '), whicb is lo *eT«ral insc&noM wry 

A brother, Jonx Wii-Li*)i Lkwix (JL 
J&Hi), settled in Paraniaita, N>w South 
WBl«9i,aud spvnt ninn yi-nn in making oollec- 
tiona of tile birds and inwcts of tlie (wnntTT. 
lie publiahcd ' TIip Itirds of Nun- UoUond. 
witli their nuluriil hi9tory,('oliecti-d,eDgni«d 
and faithfully puinled a[t«r nature,' Loociiiti, 
1808-22, oonNaluie( of twewlr-aiat careAiUy 
colourad plaiee, wiik short desciiptiana (k 
new edition isdal»d IBSS); nndTrodraniu 
(lie) Entomology,' «igbto<tii ooloured plates 
and dosi^rlplions of niotbi! and tlicir food- 
pluntj, London, IMKi, 4io, forming a hiiilctT 
uf the Icpidopteriius inaucta of New Soutli 
Wulm. His brother Tbonuui aasistvd him tn 
the»e work«, to the fonner of which he wtoi« 
a preface. 

[AffimtU't Catnloguc of Wrilian «n Zootcggr, 
«il. Sirirlilnnd. iii. 4Sfi: Lnvnilm* Bibl. Man.. 
cd. ISoliii : Levin'* worka in British Mownia, 
Libmry ; infommiioo kindly (opDliod by J, L. 
llnrling. esq,, of lite IJnnfaa iSor.] H. G. W. 

JOHN (1756 IK28I, L'nitid Iriilimnn, was 
bom in Dublin in 17,'jl). I nlrndi-d originally 
for the pricalhocid, he rt^ni-ivcii bis i-ducstion 
in u I'mieh ><.-mi nary, and rHained hia RoiDUi 
catholic faith, but lie became U Dublin Ur 
tonipy, lie joined ihe aooiety of Uiut«d 
Irishman, and owing tobisknowledfteof tba 
French Itiiigiiopc ln' wan, in April li97,i<oot 
to Ilnniburj; ui< ihc nccrediliii ravoy iMT the 
Dublin commitliN; in otdi^r to renew thm« 
nct,Til Jul Ions witli the Frvnch gorenuBCnl 
bt^un in the preceding year by LonlBdwud 
Fitagurald and Arthur O'Connor [q.v>j tor 
on immediate invasion of Itvland* and alao, 
if powblo, toobUin a loan of AOO.OOOJL aad a 
■upplyof armifromSpain. 1 laving prMmted 
bi«rrL-di!iitiftUlo Iti-inhnrd llir rri'iichjilDni- 
potentiiiryal Hamburg, h« had ahorllyaftcl- 
warda, in cnmpany with Wolfe Tone, an 
intervieiT iviih Hocbv at louio place ou the 
Itliiiie. From Hociie be Irurnt of the in- 
liiided cJLjiediiiun iinOi'r tieneml ItnmdW* 
and Ailmirnl dn Winter, aod accompaniad 
Iloi^bi! and Tone (o ibc Hngiir to awiat in 
ofLmniaing ii. In July bcprxici'cdcd tol^aiia, 
wtiere he afterwards eonstanlly resided in 
the capnrily of conlldentiul agent of Um 
United Irishmen. .Several allenipta, uolaUjr 
by Samni'l 'Airner ['|.v.] the «py, in con- 
junction (cith Napper Tandy, wer« mad* to 




lin* bia •ulbortty,but without incooM, 
«D<) l^wiiw, or TbtHRpton M ho cnllnd 1iim> 
wlf ia bin iwrrrt drnMIcli**, Mx^m* fiiUj to 
bmre dxtcn'M tba conbWovivinxH In him. 
In June 1'9S, nilMaquait to dio outbreak of 
'~'ie Iruli rebuUion, be again appooled t« tlii* 
iwetwy tor —Mfnoc. ll«wwgrMtly di*- 
jipointM bf tbebilureof the reDvlUuii, and 
'tn- tbi^ bitter teUgious eptrit imparted lo it. 
n^Mii thi* tmioit vas Diooted be addrntwd a 
antag niMnoTUI to tlie F^vncb govommcnl, 
RpraMutinc tbe nocMxitjr of eountcnuting a 
iKlMiiMaoIikrlj'riii bU opinion, to ndd toUM 
>wer of OitAt Britain. Hii nnmr w«s in- 
laded in die h»t of prrson* bonifibnl by aul 
IhiriflK (he nigti o( CbariM X Lt^wiiu 
eSNciaed miicb uifltieace in Frano' through 
bi* iniiin(t-> ASivid lli« Abb^ dn Krajiinotw, 
biibop of Iti^rniopolia, wbo irna minirtor iif 
public innroction ana grand mu«t«T of tlie 
oiiivrrnity of I*iiriii. Hn became in»pertorof 
MikUb* at ihi! univitraitj cif Pari*, and w&» 
lIitbt* rmdy to furtlier ihu inlereffa of the 
ItiebexitM. C)nbia<Imb,llFeb.I8SS,M. 
''di' Fmyvinonii. with tb« membere of the uni> 
vemiy of IVi« and all tb* Iri«h nxiliw in 
ynuici^,all«Dd«dbi» funeral at I'Ar^l.nehnito. 
Of bia t wi> aoru, I^UKDcn de l^wuni (us bo 
w** called i» Fnmci' ) obtained a luKb poet in 
iIh! bureau of public in«iructicin,and becsiiuu 
• knigbi of tbu l«gioo of honour, wbilo Hip- 
polite wn« onUineil a pried t. 

[MMDoin of lliloi BjTDr, iii. IS k(.: hKkf'a 

Eui^anJ is ih* K^bletiQIh Ci<iiiur;, vii. ,1$1, viii. 

4SB ; Wi^lfle Tune's Journal ; CMllarmgh'a 

•paud*ncc, i. J7D. 3US ; L'arDVAllii Curie- 

luos. li. 312 : H tiuilWii'* La Fniiice ct 

\a.ff. 33ft-«l ; Fitxpitnrk'B8«crM8ervlo> 

Flit; M*dilen'> Unitwl IriahmMi, Iftnr. 

L IAS.] R. D. 

LEWIS. [$o.> alM I.Kim.j 

LEWIS, ANDHKW (172(>?-irei), wl- 
:dier, bora iii DoMRftl about 17M, wan mm of 
lohn Leiria brMarguet Lyiui. Thi^ father, 
'bo ia aaMl to liave beraof Hngueaot drerenl , 
lUed bi* Uodlord aoon aftar his «on't> tnnh 
■wl fled to .Uiwvri«a, wlipre he aetiled in 
Bellofenl, Au^Ma oounty, %'ireiuin, anil 
founded tbc town of Siaunlon. Atidn^w 
Lewi« earl; beoanc notablr fur hi) brnvi-ry 
bl Ibe frontier wan with the Indiaiu. and 
•erred aa a lolunteer in ihv Obio cxpcditiun 
of 17U. lie was luaior in Wash melon's 
'Virginia rc^nnent at toe siirrend-^T of Fort 
/KeeMUiyaudat the def««il, on fl -liilj- 17C6, 
of Slnor-KaieTal Edward Itraddocli [n. v.] 
Ib 1760 be cooMsaoded the IJondjr Cnwli n- 
Deditioa agabuit the Sbawneaae Indiana. In 
17A8 be Mned willi U&joir Jame* Unui't 

cxpcilicion to Fort 1)ii>iupi>ni>, wag in ibe de- 
r<r«l»n U Hnpl.. and wai taken piiMnef and 
detained at Montreal, llo wroe on« «f the 
comnuMioner* who concluded a tnuiy with 
theSixNalioQiat Fort Stonwis, Xm' Vork, 
iul'OS. InITT4bewaeappaintedbnjpidicr> 
g^eneral on the wnlem fronlien of Virginia, 
andcomnundedtlieoolonlileai the Imtileof 
I'nint Pleasant, 10 Oa. 1774, an important 
rnffnacmnn t, in wbit^b bin hrolbnr Charlee was 
killed. In Mar«b and Junn 1775 be waa a 
delegnte to ihv Virginia conrentiooia. Lewi* 
took the pwular aide in ili>- war of iedo- 
pendimce, and fhna 1 Murch t77tl to t> April 
1777 WW brigadter«eii«tKl of the lionti- 
npnial nnny, and on B Jal;r 1'70 dtalodved 
Lord Dunmom from Gwynn'a Island. He 
miKUod his cnniinnnd on the eround of ill- 
hi-allh, and divd at (ti>li>iii!l Talbot'* houM in 
ItrJford county, V'irgbia, whili on hia way 
to bir' boinu on tbu lIoiuiakeKiTeT,on!!6Smit. 
1 781. llv via» married, and a eon, Cbarlo^ 
predE<ccs«od liitii. Hid ttatue, br Crewfnrd, 
«tand» OS one of tlio pedeet^ of the Waeb- 
inelon monument at fficbmond, Vjt^iiija, 
which woa uncrilivl in \SltS. l.>awi*'* oraerly 
book won vdiiiil, wilb niitca, by C. C. Camp- 
bell, Kidimoi;d, l^tMX BcaidiM Oharle*. lua 
brotb(<r» Tbomod (1718-17W) and WtUiam 
I^wii>(l7J4-181l) were diHtinguisbed Vir- 
einian cobnists, the oue t» a member of the 
\'ii^nian ofac^mbliea, the other aa a toldier, 

(Af^loion't C.wl. of Amur Biuc. : Parkmaa'a 
Uonualm ami Wolb. il. 1fiI-0; vji^nia Hia- 
torie»IColl«e(iiUutTolB iii. andir. ii«VMr. (Din> 
viddie Papen), pwwini: CaRtpboir* H!«t. «tf 
Virginia, p. S88; Wioior't Hill, of Amfriow fi. 
IB8.Tii. 680.] W. A. J. .K. 

LEWIS, C1IARLES(1753-I795),imini.r, 
was born at GtonceBl<.-r in )7u!t. Ilu wu 
ap|>r('nli(-ed to a mauufactuiwr at Binninff- 
Loni, wbi>n> ha obtained eomu reptitaliuo lor 
bis dkill in the deciration of japaiuied tea- 
trajrj. In 1778 Iw wi-nl to Ihiblin, but not 
neetinff with auciMu* in bin prolfeeion he 
took to the staKC. obtaining nn engaginnent 
as a singer from Michul Amo [a. v.^ at the 
Crow Street Theatre, Dublin, Meeting with 
no better succew in thai line, he next tried 
painting. In 17S| lie TiMtwl lli>11aud, and 
on hi* mtum to Knglatid xettled in London, 
whore he a(niiirc<l i^iiat mpnie as a painter 
of itill-ltle. Leni* exhibited ninepictunaof 
fruit, dead gume, Sp., ai the •-xbibilion of the 
Socinlr of Artiati in 177l'.iu«l three picturea 
at iheitoyal .Vcodeniy in 17'^. He exhibited 
fortbelaat tim^in li01,'«endin^ afruitjiece 
tn the Rovat Academj. On theinritalionof 
I.flrd (lorjenitorie I^wig went to Kdinbolf^, 
but on the dentb of hi« patron bin fortunea 
languiibed, and he dinl tbctv on 1 2 July 1796. 

LswU miinied « lUuglitor uf )It. Piiito, n 
vroll-known vicliiiiai. 

lP»*>loin'» Arh»l»of iNlnnd; RwJgravo't Ilict, 
of ArtiiU; DmiYx'i Dii' Artliitii,lTQU-1BHU; 
OnL Mag. i795. Ixr. 7ii4^ Cn(uloi|^u>ii of the 
Bojal Acitdem)r nod .Sac. of Actiui.] L. C. 

LEWIS, criARI.ES (ITRn-lsrii!), hnnV- 
bindpr, bi'irn In IiniKlon in \7^, v\ii fnurtb 
v)a nf JoUiuin I.<idwiK< a p^lilii^nl rcfuxi-i-' 
from Hiinavfir, nud Ijnitlii-r of t'reili-rii^k 
Cbriitinii I^wi»[.|. v.lnndof (luorge linlii-rl 
Lewis [•(■ v.j 111 lt*OU 111" n,'HB H|>^r«iitic>.-d 
by Ilia own ik-Blrp lo tli»<?iiiiii(-iii bcwkbitidfr 
ll. WmIiIipt. Allvr lie Uail mwiiI fivevMra in 
the forwurdiiLgileiMirliiiciit. Wiilllmrrviriiwii 
hi* rpijU'-Ht li><'iir»-r(he fiiiL-liiiii; ihop. Ijtnii 
tlifin<ii|Hiii UlmiinHl at tliri fian work iiflcr 
the tiny wan over until two or ihri* 'rpioi.-li 
in tlio roominK- tJn li-uvinR Wultbnr hi- 
DiiteTod at n jourm-j innn nuvrml ot her ^bopB, 
fiimllv r^umiucMiijiiif; biuin«M ou hi* own ac- 
couui ill ScoiUnil Vanl. U« aubMqueaU; 
removt-d lo mcrv cummo'lioiis liremiBM in 
Di-[imark Coiiri.nmi lallnrlv t.iil'nlip Sttwt, 
St, Juiui*'*. With ('. Knllbmrhi-r hi- wn» 
lar^ly •m piny I'll by 'tt'illiiini Biidtf""! on ilii- 
Fnnliull library. T. I'MlibdinwumiKrealBil- 
iiiircr of hi«vpork imclof liis'scujdniiliirL-auil 
civility,' and n-coiumpmli-d liim IciH^bi-riiml 
IjOrd SpL-ncF'r. riirciuitliiii; iiltfiiljoii to 
buiiufHi prvdiipiiKtd biiti !•> »t>op1exyi of 
wbich b« ijicd oil 8 Jan. I83ii. Ilewa«*uc- 
ceecW bv bi« Me*l oon. 

I^i^wids biiiditii^ nn; chHroctnriwd by r!c- 
gnnt iiiul clntnic t4u>tc. According lo liibdin 
"lie imiiod the toirti: of Itoj^r rnyne [q, t.] 
with u frccdotn of forwardiiift Mid iquaiviieM 
uf fiiiisb vtn7 |M.-culiiir l<i himMlf.' Uees- 
oelli'd in ihi! mi.-oliimical {lurtit of Kn cr&ft, 
and * Ui« bouhfl au^ieur lu move on ailkiTn 
hingea.' Ho wac B]uT«ii7siiocMaful in book 
rMlnration. lILi cUief colour* wnrr biilF or 
•abdil«d oruip for niwin bindino*, nud 
Fmtirli HTfV for tnoiocco. I''ruiicl« Ifi-dK'nl 
livw! with lji-wi> fir t.iiut liioo. snd carm-il 
i>a lulr^r Li'wiVa Irndiliun and olyU- u? o|>- 

VOfied 1(1 iW uicirL* opimlo Bchwil of l{ivi''ri', 
Aiwi"'f lii'iid i^ ■■iit'tiivwl in Dibdiii'fr *I)iblii->- 
grnpbiiMxl J Veil mr mil,' 

[Gent. Hrm, ]h31 pt. ii. pp. 430, 4(0; Book- 
blBdra, ii. 171. iii. IN7; CundHll on Biiolibiiidinita, 
p.ioS; DihJiu'ti DioniiiiiTOu. ii. £21 >q.; C«l. uf 
bibibiiion of Bookbiodiagi aX Biuiin^n Kino 
Art* Club (IMl); Quarilch'* Facuiailoi from 
EuMipli^ii of Bm^bindinj!, |>. 3S.] (I, O. 

IWftli), irnjitniTsr, nwood «on of Frixicritk 
Olirinlinn Levis (17"y-lt«M) [[|. v.'. miii 
brollitr of Jolui Frvdrrich Lcwia ( IMiJ- 
1670) i<|. v.j, wn;< bom ut P^nGi-ld, Middl<>- 

<u!X, on I<1 Jnno 1808. Ilu wm iniLtnicliiI 
in drnwiiuc and ciu[nivinK uoltrclj- by- hia 
fallipr, uia ncquirdd grcai focibiy in ctch> 
ini; and in oombinins the difforvnt niftnnun 
of line, ati^ple, and menotint engraviuj^, but 
lie xometimw made um of line or mHCt»>1 
tint alone, ^lonv of lii» b'>al-kiiowfn pI*'— . 
arc nflcr llio works nf Sir Kdnin [..nndaeen' 
'I'bc ciarlimt of thcso wim ' Ilofrd,' publinhcij 
in 1837, and followed by ' IlankinK in th» 
Oldon Time' in 18ii', -Tbi- lUwk," 'Tli«; 
Pertgrine Fiilcon,' aud 'Iln-eie' in l)4-l^| 
Oal'e Paw" in IhjH, -Tli* Utter Hunt" in 
IRIT, 'lliintpr* at lirwA'and 'Sijo*ini(' in 
IKlS.'ThflWoodcullir'in I84», -The RaD-| 
doni Sliot' nnd ' AC'ovi-r Muck' in 1851, 'A] 
(Iraod Hurl' in ISM. 'BorinK tbo Sta*'' 
nnd 'Tiis I'ooiliLr' in I&73, ' Db^ in Wobar 
Park' in I8i7, and 'C-'ullie Dc^'engnved 
for ibe Bristol Art Union. Bendea tbew an 
aeTenl amaller [>lale8 after wtirka of Land- 
M«r, most of wliirli bad previotudy been en^ 
vravod hyTliomrtt Landtrnr [[i.v.jand olhen. 
AmonRtlinn urn thr 'Tn-n l)DKii,*'.lark in 
Offipu, ' t'rosiin;; the Bridn,' ' Tlw ltcMU«^' ' 
■Sinpi-nse,' 'SWpinR IttocMkouiid,* ■ lUtluroJ 
from Hawking,' 'A DiitinKui"bed Member 
of the lIumaiiH Society.' 'Prolpclioii: Heu 
'Otter and Salmon,' 'TbeSanciiiarv' (lw< 
plates), 'Tlie CkaUenge,' 'Xnt eaaght jvb^ 
(two ]iUl«*), * Shooing" (two KnnH.r jilatM). 
' BolneriM' and Woodcock,' ' Spaniel ana 

Sa Newfoundland do([), and ' A Drire of 
)uer — Olen Orchay.' Hia elvhin)^ after 
Landieer commeneed with 'To-hol' ^iib- 
linlied in 1^30, and included ihoaet of «iglit 
plates of ■ Tiir Moihon.' t.«wM enmved 
uUf> some plnt» nflcr Boiiu Itnnhnnr ; ' nouii^ 
ciiircid croaitnft the l*yrenci!*,' 1869; 
Ililjlilaiid Shepherd' and ' IlunlMnan takin 
llounda to Cuicr.' I8<il ; ■ A rkuttiftk Raid 
IHI;>; •TliellorwFair.'lbOai'AFamilyi 
1>eer croMiiiK the Summit of the Lontr Rock 
Fon-Ht of l-ontaineblimu,' ISBT; 'Shetland 
I'oninf," IS'O; 'The Lime Cart 'snd'Cha 
iiiK I'a»tun-»,'lc73: * Ik-niti'n* of th« IIi)r£ 
land*,' !f".l:nud'M(>niinpintlieIIiK'lilnnd«.' 
Jlij work* ufler olbtr painiL-n iiulude ' In- 
terior uf a Ilighlitiid Cottage,' after J. F. 
Lewi«, K.\. : ' Itubinson Crusoe reading tliu 
Bible lo liis -Man Friday' and 'Asking ^ 
Bleesins,' aftir A. Frawr; 'TIi« Vill 
Festival' and ' Thi^ Card Plajora,' after I 
David Wilkic. ILA. ; ' The Baj- of 8peaiiit,1 
■ SftOMhoiv,' and ' Sunset.' after R. P. "Boni 
ninglon ; ' The Hi^Llund Ijirdrr,' aftvr PJ 
'I'ayler; "Thu Waterloo ncruaB,'aft«r J. P^ 
Kniglii, K.A, ; ■ Tlii< .M<-lioii Break faat,' aft ( 



Sir Fnuici* Gram. I'.K.A-; 'T!i« Introduc- 
tion of Cknitiuiiir iiiio Gr«*t Uriuiu.' after 
J. R. Heriwrl, R-V.: ' Eton Honum : t\w 
School Yard ' uul ■ The PUring Fields,' s 
pur,ftlW W.Erau; ' ^leep Fknning in the 
■ft«T R. AMdcIl, lt.A. : ■ A Vlmxg^- for I.ifc,' 
■fterSMnnelOutrr; 'ThcCmHfixion.'aftpf 
B. C. Sekiiu; ' UarBinyon (bo S^'im^,' uflvr 
J. Troyoa ; the ■ StOon d'Or," nftM \V. V. 

itii, ie.A. : ■ A pMue.'kflerll. W.B. Daris. 

A. 1 ' ricwdj pMMDta Ming to a Fair,' 
aft<T R. iWri* ; add aeiwru tkiatoriml pUl«8 
after Ttiotitaii Jono* Barker. 

Lxffiii mtirrd from iha pvactico of bin ail- 
about 1(^77, and died •nddMiljfr(>mt|wplox]r 
M hi* t«aideiK« at P«lphuii, noar RoKtor, on 
18 June 1880. He nw buri«t in Fulphain 

pnMM, SS Jane 1S80, rvprinled in Art 
JmimI, 1880, p. 330 ; Bryaa* Oiei. oJ Paialon 
Mid EanaimM, sd-OraTM, 1836-9, ii. SO; Al- 
■>>B]«Ot»VM'iCat. of thsWorluuf Sir t^wiD 
UndMr. tSTS.) R. E. G. 

1W2), painter, bnm in li^SO ta London, wad 
of W«liJi«tra(^lion <io thnfatli««'iiMd<>. At 
BojTU Acadenjr, tending a portrail of ' Mis* 
SliMtoD.' Sawci^iienrly li« became a pninier 
of BImU donMdc »ab|ec(^ and lulierly of 
luidlCftp«,aad his v/iyrii wen- ii^v popular. 
Be wa« an iodiutrioiui, i«|ii<i, and ^llfle 
wiiai, and a frvniwoit exhibitor at ihe Royal 
Academr. the Swiutjr of Hritiili Arli*u, the 
firitiab InsiitiitioD. and other Ixindoii oxhi- 
Utiooa, Leiria'a bmi work wa», huwovcr, 
done la mil«T<4y>lour. iu vrhiL'h lie was very 
mcc«mrul. In l^t>l21ieiiakelr<cl<Klaui<.-iDW 
of tlia Etnyal liiatiiut*' of Faiiitvn. in Wat'i^ 
coWn. Tloagb li« suRcvwl much from ill- 
■KM in hia later j«an, hoconitniMd painliug 
up to the laal. A jxirtnut of I^wi« from a 
HMtomph will be found in ' Tim Voar'a An' 
forlSIS: nemarriedMiHiSbelUininltUt, 
by wboB li« UA a family, and reaiilrd for 
naBy Tnra at 13^ Cheviiv ^^'alk, Cliet>^, 
w1iM«hedied<in3AJan.leifti. lie waa buried 
at Brookwood Canwtorr, Wokiog. 

[ttailj amphie, 8 Feb. 1893 i Bvinte inforroa- 
tioii.] I,. C. 

U6<), dvilian, wa* bom at Ab<:tv>Tpnii^, 
MonmouUuliitV, abtwt KtflO. Ilewnseldcal 
ami of f jewia Wallia, view c( Abpr][aT«auy 
and Llanttltio-Ptftkoler, by Lucy, daugl)t<v 
of Uswelyn TItomas Ltofd of BiKlwelly. 
The &tber* fall t>aai«< wa« t.>>wU ap Jotui 
ap Owilym ap Robon Walli»,a»d li« traced 
bia deaccnt trom a juoior bmnch nf the 

family of Walliii of Tn-owcn and LlananlL ; 
the >on always calU'd bimsetf l^'wiaorLeww. 
)Ii^ wax eduVnitfd at All Soula' College, Ox- 
ford, and cradualed aC.L. li July 1040. 
n.aL. Apnl l-'>4«, bnng «lcct«d feUowoT 
hiacollcow in l-Ml. Hv was mad* principal 
"f New Inn Hall 1 Fub. 154.5, but roigncd 
27 Aug, l.'ilS, and luuuminjt (hu profiitnion 
of an advui^nle, wna admitted at Doclora' 
(.'ommuiiB l(! Ucc, IfilH. llebeoameemaaUf 
in chancery in \6tii-A, and waa a maai«r of 
roqiieNlt. boMiiijt be«icle» the * officially of 
Surrey' (Slow, Lmdott, i. 173), He aat aa 
M.l'. for St«ytiing;, October- UnonmbBr 1553, 
and for tbn onunty of Monmniilb from No- 
vember IIVVI to January l.'iTiS. He i«alao 
Kaid to have been a mauler of St. Kathenne's 
Iloapital, but U* name U □mitT(>ct in Ston-'s 
lUt ofinaalera(A. {. 830). lie wusappoiiited 
first principal of Jeaus Quilegu. Oxlord, on 
its opening in lA71,bui reinJneil iliepoti Cor 
one year nnlr. Uranwhiln lie was made 
judaoof iho h^f(h court of adniirallTinlQAd. 
I)unnf( hi* jnd^hip th* jurisdiction of tho 
ccclouaatical oaurta.indadinfi the admiralty, 
waa much encroached upon by the common 
law jud)^>fi, nbo «er« in the habit of grant- 
ing writs of prohibition to bring: («u«ce into 
tlieir own ciiiriM. Acoordiu^ly iii lA't'l, and 
unhntquently in IRftO, Leww mndi- formal 
complainin to tho lord tiaunrar of the decay 
of Iu* oUoe, and of tha diminution m hi* 
emolumenta, but hia niemneo reanniued 
unremedied (•«« oompUint quoted in A. 
L 172). In I'liU hia idBoe of jud^ waa ex- 
changed for that of joint eommiauoner of 
ttieadmiraltywiihSir John Herbert. Lewia 
was an active judge and much occupied in 
connection with the maritime diflicunies of 
Klixabeth's raifpi. nn R Nov. IMM he wa* 
a commissioner with Wuion^ dean of tho 
arches, and others, to inquire into the COim- 

Elainla of piratical proovt'dinj;* against the 
ing of Spain's subjects, la ICSO he con- 
dHet«d th« examination of Martin Frobather 
[q. v.] on ^nipicion of Aiting out a ship to 
go to re* na a pirat«. In lAflfl he made 
limilar lnve»tie«lir>ni> as lo llawkin/s con- 
duct in the West Indies, lie was odd of 
the civilians who signed thv omBion, dated 
I7 0cu IA71,that John Leslie [a. T.],bHhop 
of Ross, then amba»ador &om Haiy Qmu 
of Scots, was liaUe to punidunMit lor In- 
triiTuing in England. I^eiwis was intsrested 
in hi* natire pMos, and in IA7S hongbt (he 
catata of Lantliewy Rytbardi. He wrote to 
Waluwham on H Jan. 1475-6^ sug^ting 
means for improving the diaoidmd state of 
Wales, pointing out the dan^rara of' Ibstcr- 
age ' and the turbulent gatherina:* known ■* 
'comorthas,' lUdiM unmarriedit Doctorv' 

Commons, liODiloii, 27 A^iril io61,aii(t was 
ImuM 24 Md}' Hi AbiTgiivHniiv, >t tliv rx- 
tnmityoftliaDonb aisle, since Imoirn lutlie 
Lewi* Chapel. Tho monuniAnt, whicb wits 
PTODUimI in IjitwiiK own lifetime. U bv JoLii 
QilaoD. TTie lumb iimpirwl utimu af lliu vitji-b 
in 'TIio Woriliiii™ of ^VnUw.' liy Ij-his's 
friunti Thomas ChurcLTAi^. Hisfister Mauil 
wus molber of Dsrid ItakL-r [q. v.] 

(Wood'a Futi. i. 12Ti Foatfr'* Alumiii Oxon. 
p. 005; Uow»'»R«i[.af I'liiT.of 0»f, i. l'J7, Tol. 
li, pt. i. p. 383 : MorgsTi'ii Aiiciant Muiiunn'iiti 
in Ui8 Pnorj" Chnrvb <if ALcrgavonoj, p. 79 aoJ 
el. di.; Qd. of Sttie rnpen. Di>m. ld4T-fiO; 

Cal. of EMM Vf^. (HU. MdS. Co .). >- 

SOS, fiSB. ii. pauim; Oiotv'i nrilinn*. p. ST; 
Ooxk'i MonmouThibirab p. 192.] D. LL T. 

LEWIS, DA\1D (1817-1079), JMuit. 
[St>o B»Ki:i(, Chaxuk.] 

LEWIS, DAVID (je83M7fi(H, poot, 
wna hrim ui Waloit nbout 1663. lln (Hiin* 
lo 1»' wilh Urtvid Lewli, »ou uf 
ltO|f(:r ).p-n'i.i of Llniiduwi \'clfrt'y, I'Wn- 
brolivf-liirv, who nialricululuil ul JiMtu) Col- 
lL-f;>3 oil i .Intl. tiJl<8, s^iyl 1<J, iiud gTwliiuled 
It.A. Ill 170^ (FofiTBR, Aimntii Oron. lOOO- 
1714). Juliiuon believed ihst fan wsn iit ani\ 
tiiiifi All iiNlu*r Hi, Wcuitminiiloi' Scliool, nnd 
iiltliniiijh Miilonn fulled to iibtiiin an/ con- 
Umiiilina of this ilatc^mRnt in tlu' t<cUoo1 
Kwordf. it di-rivM probubilily from lliu tiict 
thnl Lcnis rcfi-rn to Lord CLoilcs Xuvl 
tjomeni>l, who wiL» al oii« tiiuti a ^^'«et- 
uiiDB[<.'r )jov. an a former pupil wben iledi- 
CAtitig t'l Uiiii bis ' Miu>ollanooii» Pncm» by 
Sevi-ml lliicidii,' l.niidon, lT2(t (Wiiu.'ii, p. 
!H!<). In tbo pri-fnci- to thit volumi) J*wi« 
■tntci tliul tbi' pii-aa llu-rein wtT« ciclu- 
■ivnly by lii» fri«m!»; but it is unfortuiiali.- 
tliul Luwis's ciwn sliiire in this uudttwrredly 
iieglMted cullootioa caiinot bo distitigiiiebeJ. 
Beridea luKlily BUOCHsful intuUtioiis froni 
Martial, iTorsco, nnd Aiiacrcon, it cnntninn 
Dyer's fninoue '(inmi^nr Hill' in itJ> llnni 
form, iLa flnt dnift of roper's ' Vllnl upark 
oThsavtiily Bnmc' (writlcn iti 171'i), a Sno 
' WoddiiucBon)!,' ■ Sli- ibe nirin(,'inffday from 
fai,'iuul tuejioi-m* Awiiy! let nou^btlo Love 
displMsinfT,' vbicli whs TL'printi?!) in Pi-rry's 
■ IteliqniM fvol. i. bk. iii.) In 1T'J7 Lewis 

EubliHni^d ' I'litlipof Man^on,' n imxr^y (in 
Innk vi-r*e), ii second edition of whioh wim 
publi*>i><il 111 Dublin in t1i« Mime year. Jlirrnrtt 

fiublinbinit l>-tris sliowed ihu play h) hia 
riend Aloxnndur ('ojh.-, wb« cmitiously com- 
mendod the nulJior's tniut nii^nt of his sul^Mt, 
and thcit'by S(^cll^ed a |rrHI>ffiit dwlicstion. 
Th« plsT wtu act(>d fur ibe lint rime «t 
Lincoln » Inn Fields on id Mnrcli i"'2", nnd 
repeated three times, tionest diwribrn it 
as an historically correct, but 'very dull. 

: Iragwdy ' (G&xraT, iii. lOt). Wbiiia>p i 
it was iilayed snin at Druiy Lane in 173 
(Lift of Dramitie PkmU, p. M7). In 17{ 
Lcwir bronchi out u second 'Collection 
Misci^llnuy I'oi-mt.' It wBsdodicBttid Lo i 
1^1 of ShitHi^sbury, and is not unworthy 
the former vol ilmc. Writing to JuhnNic 
iu April 1760, Joseph Worlon au — 

I ihst sunie things from l#vris's ' 
laniee ' Mioiild b^ inserted in a »^lec(iun of 

, n aimilnr kind vbich Nichols was ptvpariu 
Somo cl«vor vcraw addnsMd by Lewis 
I'npu WM« published in a 'Collection 
Pi«cea on Occasion of the Uuncutd,* cditi 

I by Savage in 173S. lloswelL on one ooea^ 
sion, al tlie instance of Miu Seward, who 

, want«d to lost the univenality of Joboaon's 
lii«ranr knowledge, asked the doctor who^ 

I was tie nnthof of tbniu> lines. He * 
prompt with liU iinnwnr: ' Why, sir, lb 
were written by onr l^wis, who w«* eiihe 
luidcrmusicr nrusUi^rof W<i*tminst«rSch 
and who piihlishud a misccllanj in whic 

I " Groiij^ Uill " first catn«< out.' Johnson^ 
prais(<d them lii({hly,and rt-'jiuati-d I hem with 
u nobia anintaiion. 'In the Iweirth lino ' 
*t«ad of " one establisbcd fame " he repeat 
" one unclouded Same," which he thoag'ht^ 
wan the Ffudinic in fonnM rditioni:; but I 
Iwlii'Ve was a floMi of hi* awn trnnius * (lloa- 
wEtx, fd.G.B. Hill, iT.307). 

Lewis died, 'aged 77,' at Low Leyton, 
Eenvx, in April 17<30, and waa buried on 
K April in l^rton Church, wliete an inncrip* 
tion apeaka orbia ' manjr excellent piiicea of J 
pootiT auffioiently testifying ' to the botj 
that m wot ' a Kroat favourite of the MnSM.* J 
llv morric^d Mary, fourth daughter of Now-j 
di^nti" Owslt^y, twj.. a morehont, of Leyton.] 
She died lU'Uct. 1774, osed IK), and wiw] 
buried by Ihe fidt- of her Dusbond. In tbft 
' liriiiih .Mii»<uin Catalogue' the author of 
' I'hiUpof .Unci'don' is confused with David 
Lcwin, n poet of local reputation, wh« flou- 
rished nl Vnrk in \(HS, in which year he 
?ubli*hcd'Thi? Lnndscupp und Other I'oems,' 
'ork, 8vo. KIwin eonfu»«i tile editor of 
th« ' Miscellanies ' with Willisoi Lewis, tli« . 
Roman catholic bookseller and puhliaber ot\ 
the ' Rssay on Criticism (Pcive'i Wort*, iv. 

Illakcr's Biou. Dram. i. 4SS ; Molems's Boa- 
iiA\, ir. 130-1; .Vote* and Qoeris*, Snd air. 
viii. 49; ; I.ytoQs, i*. ITI : Thoroo'* Rnviraaa of j 
U>ndan,p.«lS: Rril. Man. Otl.) T.S. 

LEWIS. EDWAUD (1701 17ai), mis 
ceUaaeous wriivr, bom in 1701, wiu probahljT'J 
the son of John Lewis, a fimncrof AldiTwy, 
Ch««bire, who was educated et Wrvxbam, 
was admillad a aubsiiar of St. John's Collqgo, 
Cambridge on 3 July 1710, grftdiut«d B.^ 

in 17^2, bimI pnic<W«(] M.A. in I72>i. On 
:i3Sopt. lT^Abewa«pr«4eaIedbvi^iTll(ini7 
Aaliliunt to ihi) rrctory of hmiumfiton, 
Oxfttrdnliirc, txnd 1i4 JuIt l~2tl bo bciriimu 
i*«U>r of ^S'atcntoek in tho RKmu counlT. 
lU nraa mIw, be ■•», cb*t>Iiun to llie Earl 
ot CBdogui. He lUo) 4 No*. I'til ; there 
it * UbM lo bia nwntory in llie cLttncul nf 
W*l«nKMik (Aiudi. HoiiiiUne(LaD48«]it. 
1738, EliMr llMby, wlio diod 1 7 Jm. 1 7^. 
Ltwu'f cblnfworkBirara: I, 'Sinner* «bvci1 
bf Jduii Cbritt i» |ir««ched in Seriplure^ 
but Cbnrch fathers «nd ClMifT atc no •lire 
Oudea to tU-Bvon.' Oxfonl, I7fi6, 8to; a 
viaUaliod •crmoa, in vrbich l.cwi« ahowed 
hia dialrual of Kmnan cuihulio doctrinw. 
% <Tbe Fktriot King, dUplayvd iii tlie hit« 
at Umrj VIII. Kin^ of Enarland, from tbn 
tiaw of bi< Quarrel with i£a Pope till liis 
DoUi,* Lmdon, 176l>, 8vi>; anotbcr edition 
Uw MiHa TtMT. Tbia liad tlw Minn obinct as 
No. I, and ia oqoaltf ni>lMit in lone. Lewis 
klw LmnaUted two ivnuaiui by Cbijitostoai, 
tutitcr the iiil<^ of 'Tbc Sin of Sudum re- 
provul/London, ir72uidl77(l,8To. Balier 
conndcfs bim lu have bf«n tlie author of 
■ Tba Italkii Huaband, or ibe Violatod B«<) 
avMUvd,' a moral dranik, I>ondoD, 1754, )4to, 
diiafly on Ibcr ground tittt 'tbsautbor of the 
■MM* ridieulmi* of all drataatic performancM * 
tnjicht aim havi^ n-ritt«n Lewii'a 'Patriot 
Kin((.' It mutt be <l!«tinfn>i*k')d from 
BaTPDBcriiftatnwsdjortheNLmu Danie,acl«d 
in l'l$t7 (UssBn'.) 

anfaraattoa kindly furni>Ii(>l \>j thu Rov. 
. A^hvnt, Subpn O. C. rraclor, uq,, and 
J. f. S^iiU. CH. ; Btker* Bi«g. Omui. : Bril. 
Mn*. Cu.] W. A. J. A. ' 

LEWIS, EitASMUS (1670-17M). t1i« 
friand of l^ariA and P^> wa« born at Ab«r- 
cothj, m tkt ralft of Tovy, nx milps from 
CanBartbRO, oa the rokd toward* LLandtiilo- 
bwr. In lOSH ha waa adn!tt«d a kinn'a 
aoholar at WMtmintter. In 1600 he woa 
fllwMcl lo Triuily Coll-jtp, Cambrid^, nnd 
inia08h«ffrn<liiai«>dB.A. la October ItHJ^ 
b* WM in Jli'rliti, will) Iiia * oouain,' 0«org^ 
SMp«u7, wri>ing(h«fir«iof a lerieaof news-j 
lottm to John ICllix, M.IV tW aaked for 
■ame coTcmmcnt wat. and Hii>pn«]r,inl«tt«ni 
h> Elba and iho i-jul of Miii:>-Iiiidialil, mp- 
MTt^ Lewia'a ctaimi {AdJit. .VS8. SSDOSf. 
391. SSeaS f. &>, Jtc: Jliit. .VSS. Comm. 
8tL B«f . M. ii. p. 70). In )(arch lUtKi L.^^vll 
w«nt lo Ilamhuri', and after viaiting Uan- 
Parin in thp i-iinaiMtr. Some lime after hia 
arrival, in 1700 or 1701, IwbocaaaMvrelary 
lo tbu KD|[lLtb ninbn«ucinr, Ibo I-:ari of Man- 
cheater, wad wbmi rbo cul wa« n<calltd (o 

Knjjinnd in SoptMnber 1701 he tvmnindd 
bohind to wind iip nffalra. In June 1 70:1 ho 
waa in Oarmartlinn, probably mni'loveil as 
a whoolmatlvr, and tbnnhnd Ellis for /nmura 
sliown to Kim in London. In Muy 17M 
RohiTt. Hartley made him imn of Iiii Micre- 
tarif* (LtTrnELt. Sn^ Selatim, v, 41!(*>, 
and in an aoiMiymoiis pampUel^ Qklled 'A. 
DialoiTUR UilTT.'en lioun In Pi-lilo [Lewi*] 
and Hnrli^iiin ledmnd llarley^'Ifarl^y ia 
Mid to bare bmuKht l>iwis from a country 
tclioot into lu* acrvici'. In 1708 I^ewis was 
appointed iMreUry at Itruupln illitt. MSS. 
Cbmm. 8th Rup, pi'i. p. 36). and lu- wm nfl.-r- 
warda undersecretary of stale under tiii- Koil 
of Dirtmoalli and iit. Itromley. 

In September 1710Swillcaiii<^ to LoDdun, 
and from tbo 3l)tb of thai montb conatant 
roferciiM is mado in tbe 'Journal to Sulla' 
to Lewis, whom Swift doacnbed as' a cunning' 
thaver, andrpTymuohin Ilarloy'a favour,' in 
his ' ilorace Imitated ' (bk. i. rp, 7). Swift 
fteauently dini!d with him, ollen in company 
wilh Prior, Ford, Hwli-y, or Si. John. In 
April 1711 Swilt luki^ Ar^hblxhop King to 
dircrl lotIM* for hira nndi>r eiiivi«f lo lA-wia, 
at l^rd Dnrlnintilh's oflicf. In !>>'cembw, 
when iht" tori™ fi-ared thinp* w-'w gx>iDg 
a^inst Ibem, Lewis talked of nntluW but 
retiring to hia Mtaiu in Wolot; butl^icd 
Oxford declared that he bad not ' ilio loul 
of a ehiclwn nor the heart of a mite.' Mean- 
while tho ni?gMiiaiions for a peace with 
Franre weri^ pixKvirdtnK, and Swirt often eon- 
suited I<ewi* about political pampltletA which 
he was writing or editing. In October 1712 
Lewis was sppulnted nrOToit-marahal^ene- 
ral of Barbatloee, witli power to provide « 
depulv or dupiitii-s ii> jierform the dniiaa. 
TIh> rJnuJw in thi- pnii^nt thai the offiea waa 
to be hold 'darinfc bis rwidenoe lit the aaid 
iaiand'mttst hare been iatended to be iiMpei»< 
lire(Si>n<f //«i*.l'atrtit»,Publ.R«.Offlc«). 

In Jonuiiry ITKt I^wi* ' lutd a lie spread 
on bim' tbiuugb utie ."^Lellon going, bv mia- 
talfe, to another of liiv name, llenry Lewis, 
to thank himfordMpatdiingaliccnie under 
the privy (i^l to enable Ski-lton lu cnme fmm 
France, nnd in Fpbniarv Swift publithi-d 'A 
cmnpleti' liefutalion of ihp Falwhoudii al- 
leged ngainit Kni*mDa l»wi)t, Em|.' In May 
Swift, l<A London for Dublin, and thentie- 
fbrth froqneotly corrcapoiulnd with Lewia. 
Difli(.-uluu> were inotaiiiw brtwiwn Lord 
Oxfor<l and Lord BolingfaraSe(St. J<tbQ),aad 
Lewis ursud Swift to retutu and enduavnur 
to prevent ruin (o tbe party. In Nuwmber 
I*wi» wm« chosra M.P.for Loetwitbiel, Corn- 
wall. Oxford wo* dismixMd in July, Imh 
Bolin^hrokc* triumph wa/i broagh: to a 
spoodyendby theqiin-n'iid>«tbonl .Vug.aad 

ihe p'ru-.^fui i»ri:R»sioil of (!eor(;i- I. Li-wi-i'is 
nmjHilliii'.i vri'To all villi liis ultl [miroii Ox- 
ford. Bolinffbroki> Biwnk* of liim as ' belong- 
ing to Lord Oxforil,' «cid Swift vnUn tiim 
Oiford'a' cliieffftvoiinl.-,' AfliTilnford'j. full 
Lewis serverl him n* n kind (if tli^wnri!. 

ArbullmntlnldSnift in AiiRiMT ITlfi ihnt 
l^vria had 'ffono hi* pro(trpM.' it-, probably 
I4> nnd Wiiliis, and tUnt if Swift wnulil 
rovixit Ibom l^wis would Airiiigli bim wiib 
a ColliJCtion of new fllorip* far beyml Ibe olJ 
oDtM. Ll-wIs t-ontiiiiifid lo fr^iii^it, tho so- 
ciety of Prior, ArbiUbiint , Popp, nnd (iiiy, 
and, acciinling to Arbutli!ioi,l(rpt mmimny 
witli iho gn»fit(T«t, nnd wn» ' prlnpipnl d"- 
VMnor' in innny fnmilirs. I'oupund hcnlayi-'d 
together at the boitacof Lord ISiitbiirBl, who, 
Mtoordin^ la Spvnce, ualhI to call Prior hiB 
votvcmnn nnd LewiK bit {irosemftn. 

On I Oct. 17l'-1. at St.. IlMnei, Pniil'* Whnrf, 
l^wis married Anii«i linlpmnH, n wi<!ovrof 
about his <iwii ngv, fiftv-foiir; hi-r maidc^n 
name wa^ JutininK*, and h<^r ilrril husband, 
Tlioma* Hatoman. of St. Martin's- in- (he- 
Fields, whom the bad murricd in t'CW, had 
died in irif. A year later Arbiilbiiot wrote 
to Swift: 'It i^ wortli voiif wliile to come 
to fiv your old friend f.ewi», «ho is wiser 
than ever he wm, the IhmiI of hufbaiicls. I 
am iiire I can say, from inyowm ripi-rionoe, 
thai lieisthobefltof frii^ndn.' Korsome time 
preTiuiis lo thiii,and until Arbuthnot'd death 
in irw, Lpwim was bis nuur neighbour iuCork 
Stropt, HurIin([ton fiardeno. lu April 1 727 
tliRiniaBinaty'KitliardSympsoii,' writing l« 
hia publiiiheri Ik'njiiniin Muti" ^i.v.J, poo* 
cemini! the travel* ot'hi»'coiwin,Mr.Saniunl 
Gulliver,' the second nd it ion of wliich wa« 
Jiul alxiut to nppttar, deiimd Mottc * tu go 
lotbohoutpof I'.rasOTUnLcwii in Cork Street. 
bebin<l Ittirlin^on Uouac, and let lum know 

foil urn come from in«; fur to the said Mr. 
ii!wi« I Iiave giveu full power tn treat con- 
cerning my cousin ftullivurV >/jx <a.i *liat- 
ever be and you ■■bftll snttlf i *ill eonwmt 
to.' .\nd In the wjinn »hert i" apjmnded tbi" 
Bemorandiim: ■ London, Mnj- lifi 17-7. — I 
am fully Biiiiifii'd Kra«mu» IjewLi ' (»ee Geiil. 
ATuy.ii'lSSi'i, pp.31 6). In 17^i{ Lewis was 
a witness to Arbtithnoi'a wilL Pope, writing 
fromllath.Mid: -Mr. Lewis liaterious man, 
but Mr», Lewis is the youngest nnd gay^t 
Iddv huro.* Mr». Lewis was for years an iii- 
Talid, and lier liiitihand atti^nded Iier most 
asslduoualv until Iter dt^nth. She was buried 
in Weitmiiwtor AhhoT on '.'5 Nov. 17;iU. 

In IT-IT lewis's sight was failing, bill 
l«rtl Oxforil, tliR son of bis nld friend, was 
a» kind to him a» llarley had heeu. lie 
livod ijiiietly in Cork Street with an 'old 
moidon ciocc," as Charles Ford culls her, for 

houBeknp|wr. Popo dind in 17-14. and loft 
I.ewisiV, to buy a ring. Esther Vaubomrigh, 
' Vane«M,' left him S5;. for a similar purpoac. 
On lOJaii. 17S4 Lewit died,and wtu buri«d on 
the I^th in the east cloister of Weaiminster 
Abljtiy, his age being eiven in tlwi funeral 
hook a» XX lly hi« will, mado in I'el 'uarr 
1 74.1, Li^wis loft 1(10/. each to Popn, Dr. Meu, 
and . ^rbuibnot'sdauKhlRr Anne, and din>ci«d 
that he was to be buritdwith bia wife, with- 
out any monument , e.\oept u reeord of hie 
nanieiinil the day of his death. He left 'JOQl. 
a year for life t" lii* ' e(iii*ln,' BliiubelL Lewis, 
hpiniler.thiin living wirli him, and appointed 
hi-rsoIpi^\ticulrix. linmnnlionfidhintirotber* 
(ifioryi? and Hpruard, his siate.r Orillifw, and 
eousiii Ann. Hi* ratatej in various Wdah 

Sarishes wi-re left In Iru*leo9 for the uao of 
ames Morgan, esq,, (if Lincoln's Inn, with 
remainder to his aoiie. A codicil was added 
about November 1769. His executrix, Eliaa- 
li.>th I.«wi«, died in 1763, aged &>. She had 
considtrablo property, ud wu buried with 
I*wi« and hi* wife. 

Accofiing to I'opi^ Lowia was corpulent. 
Swiff, Arbutlinot, Pope. Oay, and liord Ox- 
ford all a^ree in the liif'h value theyplaced 
on hisfrieiidFihiu. Lord U.x ford speaks of hia 
puncliialiiy, and Arbutlinot of the engs^ng 
mannnr wiili which be wvn ladie«* mouej 
at ombre. 

I Popu's Works ; Swift's Works; Aitken's Life 

and worki of Arbuthnot ; Chcitcr's RogiitMm 
of Wwtmlnstcr AbUy; WvIeliH .Muuial Weat- 
monact^rivnioHi ; Wlimilry ami Cunninghan)'* 
London, i. IAS : ni'torieDlM^S. Comin. SUi B<f). 
pt.i. p. 3j, pvti. pv> To.ill.'J2. 101; lltb R^ 
pt. V. p. 396; Add. M-SS. (I)rit. Mof.), 7OC0. 

roTT. ifisoe, jssBs. S8SS3, asset, assnus, 

2N9H3.] 0. A. A. 

LEWIS, EVAN (182&-19ae). inile^- 
dunt minister, burn at Ciirinarthi>ii in 1828, 
wasaon of an arcKiteci. iheri>, fie studied 
at Airedale Collogo to propnn' for tlio indi^ 

SRudsnt ministry, and Krndua1ridB..\. at I<(m- 
on l'nivciT«ily. Hi- servod sttccemively iho 
intlrpend'-nt c-ha|iel» at Itartin-on-Humbur 
(ISt'jiit-^), ut UoiIlwhII, Northampt^nahire 
(18J)»^il»). the Uak Street Independent 
Chapel at .\cicringlon. Lancashire (I&63-fi), 
t.heGriinsbaw Street Cliajwl, Pmston (1886- 
1«R8|, and Hnally the OfTord Stmot (liapo], 
lolinglnn. from Oetober ISI!I^ lill his de«tb. 
Ilin lainr I'l^movaU wcr« mado in March i>f 
health, but when aettlcd ia London con- 
sumption deelared itself, and bo died on 
ly Feb. IHdli at (.KTord Road. At I'rertoii 
ho formed a day-sohool in conu«clion witli 
his chapt, and there and at Aecrington hd 
woe a fWtiuent lecturer on litCTnr; and 
scieiititic topic*. Ho woa fellow ot the 



■fiUica) 8odoty and of the Elli- 


irnliii;;iiinolU(l«: I. ' Tbe WJliM tho 

ai maili.-, iu«), anil Moctiouml, Imlng 

. EsamioAtioii of Joliii jj. l~\ I anil Matt. 

ITT. ■.*,• ISw), lMad.m {\Maf}. 2. • A 

r llii< l^plfL or tIi« t'l^rcR and b'nUs 

i^imuVn JuiTEnmaiil,' 8ro. I.oiiilon 

: .1, 'Tlif Two TwiliRbts. or ilie 

. :>riil tlw' Sinntr in Lilr iui<l Iivatli.' m 

trr«-, Pro. Loadon, 1800. 1. • Indi'|icii- 

(tDtT-. a Ueductioa fn>m (lie Iran's of llie 

['■nenv,' ttvo. I/tmlon, IbfiJ. T^. 'lio-l* 

Wodt of Woti, heinf; itii Ksnininncion nf 

tW UoMtC aix ilaini/ Kvi>, Ixinclon, 1805. 

[PitMon Gnu^MU. 24 F<K 1809. p. 3 ; Pr'«- 
Ua Ckruckk, 'iT F»lj. 1 HS9, p. H ; Sutton'* Iah- 
mhira Antfaoia (M«iich*«>«r LitMn Club), p. 
:t] 0. 0, 

Icqlbrr nf Charln I«wiii |i]. v.' tli« bwik- 
Unilor, ind Giy>rRir Hnbi?n l>-w« i|. vj, 
TBI bora in l»iu}'>n on M Man.'li 1T7)>. He 
KudMnnderJ-C. SladW.aii i-mluenl aqua- 
liMeBgnvef.Bndiii ihe f<rhoc>l4 rjf lite Royal 
Aademr. Early in lirclivoiitdelli-'aciiiiiUDt- 

I of •lirtiii, ani)li»aniiMiiil«il ilie^Tcai«r 
mn ot lliai ariUt'n Mchinit* of I'arii. pnl>- 
fiibadinlKKl HlinwiitgirPMittlttll ani]( ><tfl 
in «i|[raTtnir Cwuin>i)« of dnwinfr*, li<-' orn) 
«nplo]rc<l by J-ihti Chuialtrlniiic i|. v.] t<> 
CtUoatC ibu ptatH aflur Clai dr<, HnpWI. and 
PboMLarur tlie aeeondMae of Iiia 'Uri^pnal 
Detien* of Ibe aioat 0»lebiat«>l Muktvr» in 
tLe< Rural Collection,* which n|i|>unr»il in 
Ittli. In 1807 Tum^, who wa* ilicn pro- 
JKtiliclit*' l.ili'-r:^iMlinriiiii,'i>n|{aKcd luiwis 
taMi((TmTM ibai work in Ni)iut)nt,butinooa- 
Mqwoacc «i a diaafreeoient on the i[uailion 
tt ninuiiMatian, be nrodnced only a t