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vol. xxxvi. 
Malthus Mason 





1 ■-■ 

V i';. 

V . 






^^^A-H.. . 

i. C. n. . . J. Octhdbrt Haudex, ^^^B 

a. A. k. . 

, Q. K- Amm. 

J. A. H. . . J. A. HAini.Tos. 1 

W. A. J. &. 

. W. A. /. 

T. H. . . . . Tn BsT. Tsoius BixiLtox, ■ 

R. B.I.. . . 


~~ D.D. fl 

O. F. B. B. 

. O. F. Bnasxu. Babkke. 

0. A. H. . . C Ai.cKjLHt>XR HuiiUB. ^^^H 

V. & . . . 

T. P. n. . . T. P. EUnucuium. ^^H 

B. B. . . . 

. Thk Bet. ttottAbu Bavxk. 

W. k. B. H.. W. A. 8. Hxwnra. ^^H 

O. C. B. . 

. a. a Boi«s. 

T. 0. D. . 

. Tin Rkv. PnoriMMft Bomntv, 

C. T>. R. . . 0. L. KnasroKD. H 


J. K. L. . . PKorvBBOH J. K. Ladoutox. ^| 

0. B. B. . 

, 0. S. Bonons. 

A. U.B. . 

. A. H. Bdllh). 

H. 11. C. . 

. B. Maxxxiw CmuBBSim. 

A. F.. J. L.. A. R. J. Umon. ^^^| 


. UOM A. M. Cljeme. 

R. K. L. . . R. H. LcanK. ^^^H 

T C. . . . 

. Tiioitnox Coonn, F^JL. 

A. G. L. . . A. a. LiTTLB. ^^^1 

W. P. C. . 

. W. P. OocmTjnw. 

J. E. L. . . Joas EBVjtxn Luiit. ^^^^| 

J. A. C. . 

. 3. A. Cruis. 

J. U. L. . . Tbs Bit. J. H. Lnneif. ^| 

I^C . . . 

. LiaxEL Cost. P.S.A. 

J. B. U. . . J, B. MjkODOKAU). ^^^^1 

C. H. F. . 

. C. n. FiBTH. 

J&, Vi. ... Suintn Macut. LIi.D. ^^^^| 

J. 0. P. . 

. I. O. FffraxBiKaxAW. 

C B. M. . . Ci.Eiiiixn R. Uarkbam, CA. ^| 

11. F-B.. . 

. Dft. PniSD'L.uitiui' 

A. T. M-K.. A. T. Ulktis. ^^H 

J. 0. . . . 

. JufBS GuAtfHCS. 

L. M. M.. , MiH Uti>Di.iT«)t. ^^^1 

tLO.. .. 

. BsoBAUi UutXKTT. LL.D. 

A. H. M. . . A. n. HlLbu. ^^H 

s. r. Q. . 

. J. T. GnjwM, I.L.Dt P.8.A. 

0. U Coouo UonBonnt. ^^^^| 


. Ooasoa Ooomm. 

ff A. 0. . . . 

. Tkv Bst. ALKumm Oordox. 

W. A- 0.. 


. W. A. Orkekbill. M.D. 

O. \jt 0. X. 0. Lb Onra Noboate. ^^^H 


List of Writers. 

D. J. O'D. 

. D. J. O'DoNOOBtn. 

C. F. S. . . Miss C. Fell Sutth. 

F. M. O'D. 


Q. G. 8. . . Q. GasaoBT Shith. 


. Uias Obbobhb. 

J. H. 0. . 

. Tbs Bav. CufoN Ovbbton. 

0. S-H. . . . QsonaE Stbohach. 

H. P. . . . 

. Hbhbx P&toh. 

C. W. S. . . C. W. ScTTON. 

C. P. . . . 


3. T-T. , . . James Tait. 

A. P. P. . 

. A. F. PoixiSD. 

T. F. T. . . Pbofesbob T. F. Tout. 

B. P. . . . 

. Miss Pobtbb. 

B. V The Biv, Canon Venadles. 

D'A. P. . . 

D'Abcs Poweb, F.B.C.3. 

B. H. V. . . CoLONBi. R. H. Vetch, E.E. 

B. B. P. . 

. B. B. Probses. 

A. W. W. . A. W. Ward, LL.D. 

J. M. B. . 

. i. M. Biaa. 

G. P. W. . . G. F. Wab»eb, F.8.A. 

J. H. B. . 


C. H. E. W. The Bbv. C. H. Evelyn WnrrE. 

C. S. . . . 


H. T. W. . . Bib Henbtt Tbueman Wood. 

T. 8. . . . 

Thoius Seccoubi. 

B. B. W. ! . B. B. Woodwam, 

B. F. S. . 

B. Fabquhabsoh Shabp. 

W. W. ... Warwick Wboth, F.S.A. 

W. A. S. . 

W. A. Shaw. 




Mai thus 



I6S4), pnliiicJil economist, <>eL'oni] tan of 

at hi* t»X hr>r'* liiiiisi-,1 111- Itonhi-rv, nciir ((iiitd- 
Ibrtl. Diuiii^r* ■■liitutMiti.Syil'.'iiliiitn MdUIhk, 
an»i(Uatbi!r nf OiUimt tiy<l'-iilium Miiltliiia, 
OJt., (lied in iKfl, ill h'vi Kiii^v-vi^liili vkat. 
DtnielMiUthDs.bonnR 173U,i'nii'r<LHlQii'i-<*n's 
College, Orfotd, in 174*. but did not ffm- 
duBM. He lirMi aiiietly amon^ bis botiki, 
Uid wrol« ratn(> iisoFiiI but anonymous pieces 
(Otter, ii. sxii), II* find Bome airi]uiunt- 
intv nitn K/iuik^aii, and an-iiirclinf; ta Otier 
teeaoi* his eivenlor. H>j wujt nn iinli-nt In-- 
Una in tha 'perfectibility of mnnUiniVnH 
expoandNl by C3oailorcot and OoiIvHn {it. 
f. zxxriii),atidioia»' pecvUtropiniona 'about 
odncalion were pcfhaps derived froin the 
'Kmila.' Il9wa« i np r wat d bv hi* snnVikbi- 
lltioiL and inid*>rtook the bo)-'* urly «diicii- 
tion ynuelf. IToanemin!« c^ImI^i) rather 
KOaAatiV tMchcnu In 1776 Robert (m he 
wu gmerallv calW) became a pnpil of 
Richard t;»vea (iri5-l«>4> Tq. v.]. t^U 
known u the author of tliu 'Spiritual 
QuixotA,' 1772, a coane *atirt- upm the in«- 
iBoduto. Mnlthiu'a 1ot« vt 'Dirhiiiii; for 
filling'* sake,* without (h« I««sl malicv.auil 
hw kMO MOM ofhomour, were deecribod by 
OraTM lo Iho Ekthcr <i6. p. xsx), and Lc 
■MMn lo have bi-vn ancrwardc a crickoter 
BOO a akatvr (A. p. xav), and taoi of row- 
ing [Kicarito't Letlrre I't AfaHAiM, p, 168). 
Ill; kept up his frii'tiiltJiip for Qrares, and 
att«adcd his aid achooImaatcr'A deathbed as a 
dMnrsHUk HfiiraBaftenrardsapupilafliil- 
bcrtWalnfioU, who faccaaui cluiBical master 
of tiM diMcntiag aadeiDy at Wan-in^tau in 
1771^ Unlthos Atleoded the academ; for 
TOL. xzirt. 

a time, and after ita dissolution in 17A4 »• 
WHintHlwiili W'nkt'tieldtill be went ioeoUi!|,t*. 
A l«iiiT ninn'iiiiiNl m Waki'firtld's 'Life' (ii. 
■tril-ti^ijinallriliiili'tlhv'Mr. Uimnrt'iMalthua, 
luiil if VI Miihbiu lii^lily iv(]»i;tt'd Iuk tutor, 
Had kept ii[iii luiiu frli-ndiihip wiih him, On 
<<^Jtiiiu I7p(1 MaIlltu»wa>eii[>Tislii|ii>iiuuiiL>r 
orjiwiisC'olle^i'. Caiuliridgv, (>f wliidi Walw- 
liii'l't luid bL>en a ft'tlow, and urobiibly began 
r^BidfiiQe in Uctobar. One at liis lutora nraa 
William Fioiid ^q. v.], who. like Wakefield, 
bucauiu a nnllarinn. Ktaltbus rwad hi^bny, 
poetry, and niodern lanvtiagi^ obi ah»d priwa 
for I^aiin and Grevk ueclatnution*. and v,-as 
ninlli wranglt'r in the matbiymatlcul tripoa 
of 17^. Afl«r amduBtin^ bt> xci^mit to havtt 

fiirsncHlhiRsliidiesiil hiafattier'^hMiuicendat 
ambridffe. On 10 June 17113 (not in 1797) 
be wna uliictwd 10 a fello«'ship at Jesos, and 
TTM one nf thn followi who on S3 June ITfil 
madu an onkr that tin' narao of S. T. Cole- 
ridj|:« sbouiJ be taken off rhc boanU unlcaa 
be Kilumed and paid hia tutor's bill, lie 
held his fellowship until bis marna^v, but 
only redded occasionally (inforinalii>n from 
tho' MftJitfr of Jo«ns). lie look his M.A. 
d<.-2i'<x in 17t'1, and in I7UH he wii« iu holy 
orJiT*, an<l bvld a curacy at .Vlbury, Surr*^. 
Muithus's Opinions were muaawliite develop- 
ing in a dinclion not ^ui1« accordant with 
ihoMofhisfatburnndhir liinchvrs. lie wrote 
a pamphlet called 'The Crisis' in 1706, but 
at liiB uther's rtxiuost r«lntiui;d from print- 
ing it. Some putoaifra are gi\<m by Otter 
and Eupt'on. lie attacked Pitt fiviu tliv 
whi^ jioiut of vii'w, but aupported tli« poor> 
law BC:bi;ini« then undor cDnBtdBratiun in 
terms which imply that ho had not yet 
worked out his thcorjr of popuUtion. Got)- 




vr'at't * Enquirer,' publwhfid in 1707, led to 
diuti^innfi beiweeii Maltkua iiiid his fBlUor 
about eome of llit> (jiieHtion-i Bln-advluindLed 
by llie 8ani(i autlior in liis 'I'olitieal .lustiL'e,' 
1793. Mslthns fiiinlly resolved to put his 
reasons upon pmnTl'Dr the sake of clenrness. 
Hb wfui llniw liid In wril« tliif ' Kswiv" on 
Populntif*n,'p«l)li*hf'd nnonrmoiislv in 1708, 
Godwin had dri'amt of a. np^r-dy mt'llRnninm 
of uaivfimal pi^uality and pKurpo-ritv. I[e 
had already bnefly noticed in hi* ' I'olilicfll 
Juaticv' till) difficidlieti ariiing from an ui- 
cee«iir« ftlimiilus to pnimlHtion. Maltbue 
fcvouitht tliom (iiii mor? forcibly auii sysWma- 
ticaUv. ITfi liiid dciwn his famou* priiieiplis 
that po]iii!ntirtn intrfiuii;* in n gciMnntric-iil, 
and niiljsiatfinri' 'inlrin an oritli tactical ratio, 
ood a^ui^d tliut popuktion is m.-cvoiirity 
limited by tbc; 'cliucLi' of vioe unil mUvry. 
The pampUut attrocltfd mticli nutlet'. Mul- 
Godwin in Aimnst l7U(i (Paul, ''fWcin, i. 
&21). lu 1801 Godwin replied to MalthuB 
(da veil 01 to Fait and Mnnkintoi^h) in kie 
'Thouphlo on Dr. I'arr'a Spit*l Sermon.* lie 
wiut hiitli c.inirl^inni and rwidy tu make nomc 
COncewionH tn Mollliun. Maltlm^ unon camir 
to tea, tt» Ilia Ivttor to (lodwin ulrcudy ludt- 
catt^». tliat a reviitiuii of his arK>iini?uia wiia 
desirable. In 1799 he iravell«d in unler Ui 
collect informaiion. llo went with H. D. 
Clarke [q. v.], J. M. Crippa fq. v.], and Wil- 
licm Ottur [a, v.] I<i Ilnnibiiru. and ilicnco 
to SwetlttH) wliery the pnrty j'pHrnt-ed . Mul- 
thus and Otlnr went tlinviipli .Swiiden to 
Norway, t'iidand.tiud HuH.iiit. .MiililiuHtuliVd 
some notes to rhe latnr yiliiinu' <if Clarke's 
*Tra«ilB.* Hie father died in leOO. Fa lfl(i2 
belookailvniitiigpof thepoacelo visit Fraocre 
sad SwilEvrland. In 1iH>0 tie bid puMiiihed 
B trict up"n the ' Iligli I'rice of I'mviaions,' 
and proniivid in tlic wincluaion n new edi- 
tion of hill i-iuuiy. Tlii», whiiOi iipiiivin.'d in 
June 1603, wa:i a nubxtmilially n^w litioU, 
containiiijf the results of bin rarBful iiujiiirii'M 
on the continent and Ida wide rvading of 
the appropriate literature. He now expU- 
citly and fnUy recognised the 'pnidentiaT 
clittck iniplidUy contained to boibb degreaiu 
tiai aartier vtuiy, and r^ijiidiatwd tlie imputa- 
tioB la wliicli th>' iviriii.v bonk hod givi>n 
Bome plausibility. Tim 'ctuckn'no Innpir 
appeared a-i inaupi>rable nlMlacli>s In all noelnl 
iniiirovemoni . but ns dti'Siung the dangwr* 
winch must Iw avoided if improTement ia 
tn ha lu^hieved. 1I<> always rejected aomo 
diictriiiiw pi>ally put ffirward by Condorcet 
which hnvc liis'n fntlinrnd upon him by later 
Malthu»iaii«. Till iimdii cnnvrtM, nm! was 
oapi?ciallT proud (Earaox) of having con- 
tiiic«d F'itt and Palev- 

Oal8Mnrc>hl8U4 .UalthiisnmrrnMl Harriet, 
daughter of .lolm Kekifrsnll of Clavi-rtfln 
House. St.. Catherine's, near Bath. At tlia 
end of 1805 ho Ijpcainc profi'Mor nf hist/>rv 
and political economy at the newly founded 
coll^i^e of Unileybury. lie took part in the 
nivrvicM of the ej>llego cliappi, find he piT« 
l<tRtiirat fin puliticnl economy, which, as h« 
declnrt^s, tlu' hi-amr* not nnly understood, 
but ' did not e«tn find dull." ' Th« K'Odirv* 
led him to consider thi.' probhtm of rent. Thti 
Iheory at whieh h-- arrived ia pitrtly itxlicatcd 
in two pamphlets upon the com laws, pub- 
lislicdiii Isflrtnd 1^15, ftnd la fully j;iveu in 
tiKi tract upon 'Tho Nature and I'TOnruM of 
iti-nt' (wUidi wa» biiin|( printed in January 
1815). The doctrine thus fonuulated baft 
been gwotrnlly acci-iiti'd by later economiit*. 
A similar vii.-w bad hvvn tuktu hv James 
Anduraoo (173S-I«W) ;<i. v.] Tite samu 
doclriuu wne ladepeudcntly reacliud by fiir 
Edward Wort, and stated in his ' liasay on 
the Application of Capital to Land . . . by a 
Fclltiw of rnircmly College, Osl'ord,' ptib- 
liithi-'d ill tliu Kauac year tu .Mnlthiis's jmm- 
plilet. liicardo, in nn ■•fMiy on 'The Influ- 
eiic« of u IjWw I'riiw of ('urti mi thu Pnilitn 
of Stock,' while reDlyinuto iha two trairia in 
whirh Malthua had ad\'ocated some di*jrf**<»f 
protection, aubslantially accepted the theory 
of rent, although thoy differed upon certain 
questions involied (ecc Hokaii, pp. 2H8-45), 
Mnltliuo'o ' Political F.cimomy,' publicln^d in 
li^Sf), »uin» up tbf opiniiiii.i to which h'- had 
bei-ii Iwl upon vdrioits t'lpirs, and explains 
his difl'ereacH* froui Uicurdu, but i» not a 
nyslemalic treatment of the subject. 

Malthua lived quietly at Ilaileybury for 
the rest of his life, ife viailcd Ireland in 
1817, and in Win. nftcr thu los* of a dnujfh- 
ter, travelled on the conliuent for hi« own 
lii'iiltli and Iiii» wifi-'s. lln wiw elected F.R3. 
in IHISI. In IS21 he iHwaint- a membfr of 
ihe Political ICeonomv Hub, fouaded in that 
year hv Thomas Tooie ; Jami-s 5Iill. (irote^ 
and Itjcardo bein^ nmoiiK his collenffuea. 
Profcss'ir Bain says that the survivon long 
ri'Tuetnbered the *rriishinE;'atlni'kF of James 
Mil!upnnMBllhi]»"si<pi'uch"s. Iltiwiisi-lertwl 
in th'i bej^iumii^ of In24i>ne (d'lht> irn rvyiJ 
wwriftt"'* of th« Royal Society of Literal liiv, 
Hich of whom received a hundred ifuineax 
yearlv durinji the life of Georpe IV. Wil- 
liam IV declining to continue the subscrip- 
tion iJeiiius, AuiMii(/mphy, iii. 15!), HH.*), 
He onlrihuted imptTH t" th'i BOi-iety in 1WJ5 
and l^l'T upim Iliiuiicaguiv of value. Me was 
aUo one of Mir rirstt fidLiiw* nfrhu i^laliitical 
Soeietv, founded in March lfeS4. H« wpat« 
iwvcral Tiat>ent and revised his • Politicdl Eea- 
nomy ' during this period, and he gave Bi)m« 

Mai thus 


»vi^Mic» of imporWDoe before & eotuniMM 
of the Uoate of CommoiH npon «mi^tiaii 
is 1827, but iKlded nolhinft KmsrknbU to 
his |wvi-ioiu achisTpmaQM in ]tolitical eoo> 

Malllius (li«d Kuddi^iily nf In-art dtMue oa 
38 Dae. 1831, whilo sp^nHin^ CtiriatiiKts with 
bU irift lod fitmlly nt llii> hcun of Mr. l^Jcvr- 
ndl Bt St. Cai b.'rtneV He vm bun«d in 
tb«Akb«f ChuKhnt Battt. IIuloAftMaancl 
K dsoriilvr The «™i, llivnry, be<ofun« viotr 
of Kmngltam, Sorrvy, in i8;)5, nnd of I)on- 
ninglon, n««r Cliirhe-Mer. in IK{7. [I« (]i»d 
lA Asgiut 18^, agvd 7tL Ilmuftbam u«- 
wited (M. SAPiia, C*rfwMw»rfoiiar, p. IwT) 
tliftt be ofTcf^ A living lo Maltbiu, who io- 
eliDMl it in faruur <if bio con, ' who now hu 
it* (31 Jftn. 1>^7). 

Udtbus was a awmber of tbe Fieocli In- 
alituto, lie was «t«cte(l in 1833 vim «f ibe 
fin fcnrim uwciatea of ibu Acadimie da* 
Scivnoivi Morale* «i i'olitiqueB, and a mein- 
her of tbe Itofml Acwion.v of Bwlin, A 
fnctrait bvIinncUwwaaimrod forthie' Wc- 
iMmaaire du i'£coQoau« Politique' ' { XH^i). 

Slaltbuti a|>pTanIohaTi9 bovn a fin^iilarlj 
asuableutan. MLsMartinmiiinher'Auto- 
biogniibT' ii. lU'f, ifivpaa pleaAanr accouut 
ofatiiil tobim at iJiiiltivburjin ItUM. She 
HT« tbat oltbough lie had a 'dcft'ct in ibc 
palali:' -wbirb made hia spi'M-h ' tiopelowilT 
uapetfecl,' lii; w».i ilin imly frii-tid wliiim 
ahe eoald bear wilboul her iTximpi-t. llr 
iMid wked for an iatrmluclimi, iH-cauMt. while 
otksr frionds bad dftfi-iidtHl Uini injiidicioudlr, 
debadiitterprelMlIuu iirccuidvashi^cuuld 
wUt. (Ur. bonar ideaiiliva tbe paAaage re- 
ferred bo aa that in ■ A Tale of tlie Tyn*,* 
p. FA) Ilr alaa lold her (AutoUoffraphy. 

tiW) that lir bad nmner caivd for th^ ubuae 
visbHluucM) hiadoctnaa'alWrlha 6r«t lon- 
nlgbt,' ana the aa;* tliat he waa when alw 
koew him 'one of tbe »emi«aL and mnix 
chnrrAit' of mm. Oii«rM)'8 that during an 
intiiaaiT- of nearly fifty years be never oaw 
Mtlthtu nifflwl or angiy. and tkat in siiceeM 
lie •bownd as lil ll« Tanity aa lie bad hLowd 
■etiiibilily to abiiai<. Homer nnd Cmpson 
•pealc in atmilar ivrau of His cnndour and 
hnmanity. llisltfowaadavnted tosproadtDe 
the doctrines which ha bdd To bo asaantbu 
to ths welfare of his fella wa. FTflicvi^riumed 
at pf>(Ann«nt, and ii woijd IiaTO rajuind 
■>ms ooutagv (o gire it to a mao whoae doc- 
trinoa, aceordin^ to the pvavaUnt opision, 
SKfB tpeeially niuiiitable lo (he mouth of 
a defg^man, and thniwforQ f^ned for him 
Cobbett'a iiuultiqg tilJnuf ' Panon Mnlthun.' 
Tolitically ha wu a wbi^, tltougli jn^iwo 
allr moderatfl and alwar* a low^ at tbn 
' golden amn.' fia supported cathohe 

eouaeipation, and accepted tlie Reform Bill 
without eDtbusioBin. lie otiJMled U> reli- 
gions teats, and supported boihof theriral 
eociMirafbredueation illoUKiriE.ii.D?). He 
was a th«K>lwisn and monliBt of the type 
of PRli.<y. Ttioiigli a utilitarian ha did not, 
KB,y mom than !!->titliam, a«o^pt tho abstract 
pnnoipla of lnrijr:-/oi'f which Ijiwamo iho 
eroed of ifentliam'* luUtiwcn. Ha w«» in 
favour of factory acta and of national edu- 
cation. He was oonviooed, however, thu 
the poor laws had done more barm than 
d^nod, and this teacbinir Iiad a ^pwatefl^ct 
upon the authors of llio IWr l<aw UiU of 
18-14. In politi>cal ocunotuy .Ualtlius ob- 
j<>[;t<.'d to tliK attract m'llhods of Rlcordo 
atid hitKchvul, nlthoa^U hv was pvraonally 
on \hv mo*! fn<^dly lvrm« with Itionrdo, 
and carritMl on a Garreti|iundcuc«, Kicardo'a 
»ban< of which was uditt-ii by Mr, Uouur in 
IbfW. lie followed Adam tjuiith iu the con- 
stantr;fvreticeConctaalooacretelaets. Mal- 
thus'e doctruwofpofHtktionlMd bauiiottct- 
lHttwibyotlHiniWpecinllyby Rf^bcrtWolUoe, 
who bad rvpUed to Uiuuc'a ' l*!suy on tho 
PopulousneM of .\nci<*nl NatinnH' in 1753, 
and publtAbud in I'iii Uia 'X'tirioua iW- 
apecte of Mankind, Kalure.and tVovidauce.' 
In 1761 hid alao boon pnUiahed J. P. &us»- 
milch'e 'Giittlicbc CMnuag,' from which 
Mnllhiia dn^w many ilnt ii<lica. In tho pre- 
fani- to llifi m-Cdod i-dili'in .MnllUus says that 
tin; only aiithiirn wlioin hrhitd consuItiMl for 
thi* \iaft W(^rKlliiuii!,Walluoe, AdamSaiitfa, 
and I>r. I'rlce; he had since found d!»- 
cuj^ioDs 1)1' the samif topic in llata und Ari» 
totk'.in the work* of the Frrnch econamlsta, 
especially Montcsquiuu and in Franklin, Sir 
Jamca Stcwnit, Arthur Youn^, oni) Josoiih 
IWiuhand, the last of whom publisli«d in 
ITAOa'Disscrtati'moQ thu Puor La'wa,' and 
wli(w<r • Travel* in Spain' (1786-7) are nt^ 
ticad by Malthus ha mohinfc t fnth exomi- 
ualtoQ of the saino country unnecessary. 

Allhoup;h more or l«ss aotioipated, lJk« 
raoHi diBcover»rs, Malt hiis gnvo a position to 
which it ha« ni'v»r li»t. Francis Plac«[il.V.l 
thernijicnl frit.>nd nf JatUFis Mill, supportM 
it in t!^i2in 'Illiii.ira[ioiiKaudl*nJouof tho 
Prineijilii of Population.' It was accepted 
In* tdl tlie ucoiiomisu of the Uicardo and 
Mill lehonl, and Parwin states (X/e, i. 6S) 
tliat Malthuj's euay first auft^osted to him 
the theory which in liisliondsmad^afamous 
epoch iu modem l.hi>iij;h[, Inspilanfhisown 
principle*, .^laUhIl^ hud no doubt ttnt^id th<i 
doctrine in tooabMrat't atonn ; but thiionlr 
qui»uion now eonoartu not. it:> utuleniable 
i mpnrtance, but the precise position which it 
should occupy in any scianlioc thaorv of social 


deralopmont. fn liin owii time MalihiLs's | 
thaorrwfts rxfin^r^d to miielin3>TiM and mis- . 
ropruentntion. Iln vn* nttnclcod nn niu- nidi.' 
by tha wholi) rrtiMlutiftnnn- nchiKil, flfniwin, ' 
luultT-t, hn& CiiHijtt; anil on the other, for 
rotliorfliflerent ren.aona, by llie eonservntives, 
e*.j)r«iiilly such 'Htfiitimeiital ' cijoeervdt'ivos 
as Col'.'ri'lffc fiii'l Sniitlitjy. Tlit' ' ICilinliiirtrli 
Heupw" hiui fliipport':') Maltfiiit; while l.ho 
' yunrtr-rly,' nft.T Bltin-.l(in(< liiinin \ii\'J, hud 
ComL' round to hitu at un •3pj''>iicnl of its 
worst onctnic (•I't- Boxab. (>, Sill ). Arainiji 
ihv onponi'iit* lu whom Mnltbiis hiiririelf , 
iV|ilira inuy Iw iiulictid Oydwiii, wh" ul- , 
tAcked Liui au'aiii in IHUO, Juiutv« Grji)iavn<- 
(' Knqiiiry intti tlm i'riuL-l])li!ijl' IVntLilmioa,' 
181(t, wbich ffivt's u lis! vf pri'vi'jus wiiii'Ts 
»lp.71|.JoliB\VcvhndCrrinclpl';.^i:>f P"p<i- 
latitMi,' 1AL6), Ariliur V':)iiiif;, nnd Kolxrt 
Ow'-n. A review by BnutLcy in Aikiu'e 
'Aniiiinl Itrviiiw ' (i>r ISlli'l ijinlKnVn*a mit^a 
by Ool'-riditi' in ii wni.vufthi- ntcund wlilion 
Dovr in tlir Itritiab MiL-i^uni (mte Hdkau, 
(I. H74. Simtliey lunl ('ulcridtfo were livinR 
loiretlier al Kcevrick wLcii iLc roTicw Wtt» 
written, Soiitb<<vL'litirastlit'rcriow, i(/r,*c., 
18rt0.ii.L'ol,i;Kj;*2m'). AmonBOtWrKiunylw 
mentionud W, H(n;litl'« 'Ui-ijly In Mnliliin,' 
1807; Mirliwl T. au]Inr'n*Trfjil.iMt uti the 
Iji-w iif Pnimlatiiin ' (IHItO). un.twrTi*d by 
Vot-jiuljiy ill the • I'MioliurKli Review ' for 
July IA%. nii(l airiuii. in answer to d reply 
froiu Sadler, in thu 'KJinbiirgli ' WJimuury 
1831 ^}iI^c\yL\\, Murtiljiiifoiu Vriliuf/'): 
Pouli'tt Stfijcx.-, ' Principlir» nf Prtlitinil (■>"- 
tiomT' (1883): Arrhibulil AhiH.n.'Poimlii- 
tion'ClMCI): nnd ThnmH-'.Dmihh'iky,- True 
Law of Pfipuliii ion ' 1 1^ 12). Aitnckii by lat . r 
mcialiirt* are in Man's 'Capital" and Mr. 
Ileury Oeorge's ' !'rogrp»s and Poverty.' An 
aiyument as to the tinal cni}»e of MHllhuf>'» 
lftW,wliich sgrwr^ ill CTPut (inrl with n nlmilnr 
aPfnitQent (BftLTWiiriln iimitlddl in lln! fiml. 
L'»«iT, wiwi'jiiwiiindcd by J. B. .SiimniTtiiflfr- 
war^s itruhUiiibiiii of Cmiturbnry) in ' A 
Triwit.imt (111 thi' Kt-onrda of Cnwlion , . , 
with pnrtioiilar n^ference ... to the consie- 
ti.-in?y of the [irinyijilt'of popiilatioQ with the 
wifianm and guodness of tbe L>(>ilv * {2 vuls. 
8to, 1816). 

MbIiIius's worVs arc : 1. 'Ewisy on T.ha 
Prin<-ipl4) nf P<i|iiilnti(in M it nflocta tlui 
fiitiirti Im|i-r<ivuni!Bt of Socntl^' (anon,), 
17HS. Thft titk'in thesMond edition ("1803) 
i*, 'Eaiay on tho Principle of Population, or 
a View of its Past and Frpaent Kflect» on 
Human llappin<>«i^, with an Knqiiiry into our 
Pmpeots rvntpiTtinj; tliii fiiliirv R^ttnoval or 
Mitigation of tlui F.viU whg>:h it occaiioiiM.' 
Tb«i third odition (l(4(X() contain! various 
altontions nu^niioniMl in tbe pr^fooe; the 

fourth 1 18()7) in iippnrently « rt^priiit nf the 
third; tho fifth (IM7) n^cast* tho nrtidM 
iipnnrent; tliu sixth (nnd Inxt in hit lifetime) 
ftpnfinrod in 1626. A ncvtulh edition wa» 
piihlishwl in 1S72: and an i>dition,with life, 
nnftlvsi4,&c.,bvG.T.Bettanv,inl8iX). ■J.'fJii 
thi--HiKhPnoeorPriivi6ionft,"lWM. 3.*Irftt«r 
\-rt Samuel W hitbri'nd, M.P., on hiapropOiod 
Bill for th<^ .\mniidDit>nt of tlio Poor LaM^' 
1807. 4. ' Lettor to Lord Omnvillo . . .' (in 
defunce of HaileyburyJ, l(*IS. 6. 'Ob«r. 
fj. 'Ground* of an Opinion on (Iih Policy of 
lU'etrictingtbeluiiiurtativnuf Ftirvii^i Com/ 
18l'>. 7. 'An Lnqiiiry into ihi- XuturL' and 
PriijirisNi of Kent, Principlii.i by which it is 
ri'ciilated,' 1815. 8. ' S^ialeiueutft ri'Muccting 
tbu Kast India Coll^in) . . .' (fullw n- 
|ihLnai.ion ofKo, 4), l8li. 9, ' PriQcipleaof 
I'olil icnl Eoonomy con»idurcd wilh b\ ii'wto 
theirPrBctical.-KppliwI.ion.'lHiiOlSniiiHL re- 
vistid,withm(imiiirhyOttnr, IWJOi. 10. 'The 
MrnKure nf Vuluu (itauid nnd illiiat rated, 
with an .\p])3icjitii)n of it lo ihi- .\il*rBtion 
in thii Valiiu of tbe Knelieb Ourrencv huco 
17M).' IHL'JI, 1 1 . Article on ' Populut'ion' in 
Biipplemcnt to tin." 'Encyclopirdin Britan- 
nica,'lt*i4; rulsstieid willi liltlr nUrnilion aa 
'Siimmarv View of tho Principlti of Pujm- 
Intioii,' IftTO. 12. *0n the Mi-ivnire of the 
t.'-onditicHw iifi'KMary Ui thi' Supply of Com- 
mcHlitius,' leiiJo, aiiJ ' On ihe Mcaniiig which 
i« iiKiKt. iiauuUy and most corn-ctly attached 
to thu tarm Viilue of CommoditiiM,' lfl27, 
two papers in the ' Tranani'tions of the Hnyal 
Siiciety of I*i1i?n»inre.' l-l. ' I l«tinilitin» in 
Political Ft'iinijmv,' 1H27, Malthii* c^ontri- 
' hiit«l to til*! • Edinburgh Ucview ' of July 
I 1 M(lw nti urticto upon Newi'itham's ' Popula* 
I tion of Ertfland," and soim-othfrr* (see Kmi^ 
, HOTtl.incIudink' probiibly un article unon th» 
, hulUou queetion in l-'ebruHfy ISlI, Hb 
wrote anotli'.T upon tho (wme qiinstinn in 
the ' CJiinrUTly iteview * nf Aiiril INl'.'t (ae* 
Bona K, p. liHTi), jind rtivitiwJHt .McCnUooh'a 
I ' Polilifnl Kriiiiiomy' in ihii 'Qnartorly ' for 
I January IS24. A i'-i>rft<!»|jiindi'm'e withMal- 
thtitt, which forms th<f apni'tidii to two lec- 
tures ou population by N. \v. Senior (I W29), 
IB of Boiu>e importujice iu re^rd to Malthua^S 

I pffulthDSAni!hiaWortE,byJam(wIinnnr, I88S, 
I givtutiifnl1aiidHUt.'l!«niaci.'uut)i nf HalthuiNlifs 
' and wirk»,witb roforoiU'cit t(i idi rlic aiilbaritira. 
Thn chief oriirinrtl authorir.iod fnrthuIiioKraphy 
arv a lifo by W. Otter, aftcnfj»nU biabop of 
Chidwettir, prefinii to the Beooiul uJition *f th» 
PoLitionl Economy (18S5), and uu nrlirlii by 
Empnou in tho Edinburgh Roriou' for Jann&ry 
1837. |<p. 430-MR. .Saii niM Miiw Mjirtinenti** 
Autobicgraphy, i.^OU-ll, 337-0; Homor'a Mc- 




Moin, SikI vd. 1B63, i. 433, 4IS, 4fl3, n. fl9,97, 
S!N>,333; Cli>r1r«C»inio'BKotit« IIieloTi-)«*Mr 
Ik ritt M tx tmrvis. i n TnuuBftiou of tli« Afsd. 
dMUMieMKonJeiirtPDliciqiiaa. 2a Doc 1836; 
IMctiiwtiBiiv d« r^cooomi* Folicittno, 18.^3; 
SlMrrejr Niipler'ii ComapaadtaKf. 1879, pp. 3«. 
81,38. lar, 198,234, 231; lUcnido'a Letwrs to 
UalihBi(BMar). 188».l L- ^• 

BIALTON. THOMAS, the elder (1726- 
1801), &rchitectural druu^hlsmtuiaadvnter 
on fp^caattrj, bom in London in 17i6, ia 
srnted toliarcorif^nolljkrrpt nn upholstcrar's 
shop in ihp Stntid. Hi; coatnbutcd Iwo 
dimwiDgs Off St. Mutin's Cburch to ibe ex- 
bubitioii of tli€ Fnw Sndctj of Artjatii ia 
171^1, and sliKi arrhit(<lun1 rin>uin)t)i lo the 
flxhibitiQiu iif lInT IiirotiJiimt-nl Socielv of 
AnlMs in 176(1 and 1708. In 177:3 and the 
&d)owing jean fa« i^nt archilvctural drnv- 
I to tbe Itoral ArndeniF. tn 1774 ho 
liahnl ' The tioynl Rood to (Iromctry; or 
\tuy and fiimilinr Ininxiiirtiim Ut the 
limDaliai,' n trbrHiI-lvMik ititcndt'd as an 
TMBvnt <iii Euclid, and ia 1 77<'t ' A. 
nnleat Tre«ti»e on I'arspeclive in Theorr 
Practice, on the Principlea of Dr. Brook 
Tejlor.' Fie appears to hnre friven Wture* 
on perspectire at hi* houHe in I'nUnd 8tr«el, 
SoDO. Sab««(|ii«<ntly. VKinu to pecunian' 
•abamfismcnt, it is miid, Mnlicm remorud 
)ublin, wli(>rv bo ltv»d for many ytM, 
lobiaiiwd aonie not«a«alM-lureron geo 
7ftr;r. TTedied at Dublin oat 18 Feb. 1801, 
in lua aevmlV'fifth year. Th«r« are four 
dmringa ty him in the South KenEin^ton 

ffia «Uleal MB. Tliomfts Mnlton ihii 
jOUgto', is noticed M^nHily. 

Mki-TOK, JiMm {d. IWS), arcbitecTUTsI 
(lrau)ibt«nMUi and aailinr, was another son. 
He accomp«nil^d hia father to Ireland. Like 
hu fcthvr, itt vin a nofeeaor of per>p«ctir» 
utifttoiBttiy, and, like Us brolher. nroduoed 
•oai«rMylia« tinted aTchil^ctiiral dmwin)n>- 
la 17117 ha pMbliiib«l ' A I'ictumuiiii! and 
IWcriptivf Vww of th« Ciiy of Dublin,' 
fiom drawing talicn by kim«L-lf in 1791 -JS. 
la 1795 he pnblUh«d 'An Eisny on Drilisli 
Cottafe Architeetnrft ; ' in ISOOa prapliral 
treatiK on p?r»p*ctiTe, <!<ntitled ' Tlie Ycmtiff 
I^intt-r's M«ul*»ick.'and in IHOS 'A Ol- 
ierltoa of Ih<«igRM fnr Rural Itiilwat* or 
Villaa.' Maltoo died of brain fu-cvr in Nr>rt'>ii 
f BOwDolaoTw) Sl»«l, Mary lobom-, on iJ* July 
ISOS. Tbmare tpvcimraaofbisdrnwin^in 
t^Bnbili ukI South Kvnun^vn Miucums. 

ntedffren'a Dtct. of AnisTs: Gmna'a Diet. 
ofilLitiaU. 1*00-1880; PaMjuioB.lrtiiiii of ![»• 
had; Orot, Ma«. 1801 i. 3T7, ISO) ii. 7^1, 
1801 i. 383 ; CaUlonu «f ilie Bojal Andotny, 

*c] L. a 

MALTOK, THOBIAS. the youngw 
(1748-1M>4|. artliilcctunildruiigbtAuian.aan 
of Thomat Msltou llie fliltir [t\.r.' , ynt 
bora in 1748, probably Lu Loodoo. lie wu 
nvitli Lis fatliiT during tbo latlcr'a Tesidenoe 
iupullkii, and ttipu puBcdthrve years in tli« 
oiliti; of Jamcn liamlon ffl. T.j, lliw archilcct, 
in 1/ondun. In 177-1 ^^alt'ln n-ccirud n vre^ 
mium Irom the Hocifty nf Ann, and in ItfiS 
^incd the Academy ituM un-ilal for a dpoiitn 
U>r a theatre. In 1 773 he fi^nr to the Aca- 
demy n i-icw of Ooveni Gardtn, and wm 
afttrwardo a constant exhibitor, chielly of 
vievTii of I.undiin ntrvrts and buildings, drawn 
in Indian ink and itnlcd: in Ibvtiu there is 
little aitompi at piclnrirtl irffvct, but tbvir 
ex tn?me accuracy in tbn an-lulnptwral iletaila 
rcndois llieni of grt^al itiU't^M and laluc aa 
lo|>agrepbica1 n-cords; ihey are enlivened 
with groups of (igiirefi. in irliicb .Malton is 
said to liovr bwn nssisted by F. Whpatley, 
Afttr leavins iD'Und, .Malton ap[N;sr» to 
have alwavK livitl tn London, witli the ex- 
ception o^ a brii-f itay at Rath in 17KI: 
Irom 1783 to 17^ he reaided in Conduit 
Street, and at an evening drawinsHihiaawhich 
be li«l(Ilb«re, received aapHjuls TbomaaGiiN 
tin and young J. M. AV. Turner, whose father 
brvtifrbi tiiia to bi> tangbt perspective. In 
afi«T-Ur« Tiimi-r oftfn wiid, ■ .My r«il tnastor 
waaTom Mall'ni.' In 1T1>I Mailon n.'moved 
to Lonft Acr*. lie made a fi'W of Ilwi dr«w* 
ingK for Watls's ' Senta of the Nobility and 
Upntry,' 1779, &c., and exoeiiled some lur^ 
ni^ualtnta of binbllnge in tbo inetroT>a1i» and 
Itelli. Iwinv (ia« of ch<> fii^t to arail himself 
of the newly intnKluceil art of aqnatinta for 
the piirnoau of mulliplyini; oopiea of hit 
rieVB. IIeal»o iiiiintt'dwimo Kuccouf^KonM 
fwCovent Garden Tli.nlre. In 1783 Malton 
publififaed lb« work by which he is now best 
Known, *A I*i«ure*rne Tour thrsueh the 
Citim of London and Wf!«t minster, illua- 
ImUid witb a hiindrtid nqnutint plate». At 
thtf tirao of bia death ho wiu rnf[n)!:rd upon 
a aimilar aerie« of x-i-^ws of Dxford, K>mi* of 
which &pp<>an>d in part* in lHWiJ, and wiri- ro- 
insued with oth^rg in ISIO. Mullon died in 
Lr.(ip Aci¥ nn 7. March 1801, l*«Ting a widow 
aii'l Bit children. His portnil, paintMl by 
i;ilb<Tt Stuart, was evi^v*d by W. Barney 
in INJli; and a portrait of Ilia son CharleSi 
wiwn a child, drawn by SirT. Lawrvnc'e, hao 
bu^'n tngmTi.-d by F, 0. Lowtf. The South 
K tiuiinfKt on M Uii'ii ni TiOK>c«»c8 1 hrcocharac tvr- 
istic ••xiuuiiWof MuIlitnV art. and a fine riew 
by him of the interior of St. I'uul'a Catlivdnil 
is in llie priut room at the Bnlish Muvcum. 

fRpdtmiTe'a Diet oi Artista ; Tbombury'a 
e of Tamer, 1882 ; Usircnal Cat. of Eo6kM 



on Art; 0«nt. Mag. 1804. i.'lS3; Imprnsl Diet. 
«f BiAjt- pt- »ii'- 1'- 3W ; Ko)*nl A.-iuipniy Cuw- 
lognn*.] V. M. O'D- 

MALTBAVERS, JiiRS, lUnox Mal- 
TUAVtim ( I :;yO :■'- lyiin ), wn* «on of Sin Jnrilf 
MALTRiviins (li()i(J-i:(4;{?ir.f Lvichi-ir Mn- 
trttTon, UorHet , who wm ]i iin*elf son of John 
UaltrD.V(;r£ {d. I'^BOl, ami n ilt^wudai'it of 
Hup bi lL|AltTuvi>r8.wlii> lieM IniitlEOl Lytchett 
in lOeO. The fultwr was kuinLted witli lid- 
vranlf prince of Wftlcs.ou IL' May lIWKj wm 
a coQBurTatot of cho pcaco fotiionet in liXJ?, 
13(M.audlill4; served in ScotUndmirariou* 
OCCssiaM bclwcL-n 131 4 nixl \332, and waa 
Bummoncd to pj ti> Irvlatid in February 1317 
turcBint KdwardlJruce, iui<ltti lOL'orurarrvioi 
in ntiir-titie. Hi- wuaairBin Buium'mt'df ts'lt- 
vict! ill lSi\ttIaiKl iu lUi'7 and VJiil, aiid in 
133^ had orders to puai'd his manors iiour 
Tilie sea a^^ainat invaKion. The slatomout that 
he VDf over fitoiniancd to pnrliaiDcnt a|>- 

?ears to hr inmccunnc, \\v diod bctwri:ii 
Sept. mi'i iind 'J .hiU ]'Mt, hiiviii^ iiiur- 
riod (!) Aliiui'ir ljpf<im'l2i)*_', rind (■_') Joan. 
daugUlur of Sir Walttir Folint, John wna 
hilt tioii by hia firat nife. Dit^daUi citnfuses 
feihtr and ncrn. 

John Maltravors the younger wo* bora 
aWit liVO, and vraa kiiii;htfd on llir aumu 
occMion Be Ills fatht;r, M May I.WI, He in 
Kaid to Irnvi: Im'i'ii tii1(<'i)]irii'r>iiiTar' Itiuiii'ick- 
buni in 1314. On 20<lct. LIIH h.?wfueh(»rn 
kniHrht of llif ."^bire fur Dorset. He seems to 
have sided w it liTiioma«.earlofLaiicasteT[see 
TituMAs^aiid wB«lhToiiRhout his early cnrwir 
an iiitiriiatu n»cociiite of lioirer MorlimeT.enrI 
orainnh(rf. K5S0)[n.v.J InBeptPUibtr l.lL'l 
ha rrccivnd iianlcnt for folonii.v wmmitli'd m 
puFKiiit of (fit! IlfitponiMrR.but iu tliuf«lIo-n-- 
iiig Dnci^nihur i* dewrribeil fli> Th<e Icingr'a 
Bnemv (i^i-;. n>/rt,i. l»i»,ii. 184. 172). In 
■thu syping of 1322 he vas in nnna o([ainat 
the bing. and nttjii^ked and burnt the town 
of Ilrid^ortli. He was prcwnt at the battle 
ol' UoroTiRlibridpi? on 10 March, find nftyr 
thm^xecution of Kor! Tlinmnfl tl»?t! m-iir siw 
(('ft, ii. 174-ri, "Jul), lln wnnid apjH'nr to 
liiiv« coRii> liM-k u'itli Miirnmitr imd thi^ 
queen in OcioIkt i;t2i>, fop ti.f nipi'ived le- 
■titulion of hts land» on 17 I''eb. 1327. and 
on 1*7 .March had n psiit out of the lands 
of Hiipb l>t'B|)eii»er. On 3 April he wa= 
n{i|Miint:i<d ojii> of t!u.> hw-pirji of iht di'imwd 
km;;, ihi! ylluT lw>in(j ThtimiiM Hiirlicirv. 
Uurimuth and Hnin-t t.iy thftt whili- 
£«rkoIc7 *«i^d with hnmnuity, HollrBVtirn 
IrMted bis ]irisaner vith mncli banihneM. 
Hurimuth save that lidirard wb4 killed by 
Older of Maltravers and Ihomani (ioum^ 
[■M aud«r (inirninir, i^ta AUttukw], but 
rrom tli« eirciiR»>tan(;o Uut in ISW MiU- 

travers ■waa condemnwl, not for ttia b«t 
for another crime, it would appear that h« 
•n-aa not directly re«|i'm»ihle lor Edward'a 
dtrntb. liilnmrd wnt mnriirrnd on *J1 Sept. 
l.Sl'i. MnliKivcru end HiTkirli-v r^nmiiH'd Jb 
chnree (if Ihu LmhIv till iti burial at 1 ilriiioo«t«r 

Durinff tbu iwst few y4a» Maltrarerg wui 
employed on frequent couuuiadiont) of o;^«t 
and lenuiiier, the uio»l imiivrlant occasion 
l»iiigiii February IH'^, when, with Uliverdo 
IngbBin [q. r. and others, hu was appointed 
to try thoM: who Imd ciipportud Henry, oarl 
of IjBuctui(<!r [atx Ui-\i(i], ill hi» intcoidod 
nsiii;i ut liudfurd ( VArt/n. JCda-ard / and JZ, 
\. 21^). He vriiB ukii on !imi:nit ocruaionK a 
jui^Uce iu Hvrv forllw fcinwlB (if. t'al. J\tt-. 
Holla <if lidicardJII), anJwasin Iil2i)iniide 
keepvr of I lia for«:sts south of Trent. On 
4 .Ypril 132i) the pardon grantod to liim two 
yivmsureviousl^TvvMTOnirmod, inconaidora^ 
tiunol liir< 'M'Tvi(7ii< In Quii^.'ii iNibulla uid tlw 
kintfttt hiiini' andnbniiid. In May hunccocn* 
punned tliu ruuuK Itiiij; tii Frnnce, Hii ia 
on this occokIuu spoken of a.t sKneacbat or 
steward, and next year he appears as etewaid 
of thuroyal liouaehotd|i'<b.p.A17)> AbouTtbe 
lamo tiiDd ho had n grant of the forfeited 
Iniids uf John OiiTurd of Brimtifiuld. Malp 
truvcm wjiK atrtividy concuiiL^ in the cit" 
ciimNLiU)i;e« wbirli 1>^ to tliil daat.ti of Eik 
niuiid, eiir] of Kuni [himj Ekmckh], in hfardi 
l&'t(l, and was on the commiatiun appointed 
for the discovery of hi« adberenis(iA.p. 0fi6). 
Un & June l^tO 1]e'n'a& saniniuDed to parlia- 
menl as JSaron Multriivere ; he was already 
dfScrilH'd lu 'Jnhn MaliriiTent, banm,' in 
Niivi-mljcr l.VJW (ifl. p. 477>. On 'H Si-pt. hu 
wiui iippoiiilt^d eunnliiblti itf Cnrfit Ciwllti, but 
OM tlie fall of Moriiim-r Khiirlly aftfrwnria, 
Maltravers, like the oiIilt ftupptirlew of the 
queen-mother and lier paramour, was di^ 
l^aced. In the parliament held in November 
hi) wa« cPTidemiiKd I» dimtb as a traitor on 
necouni of his Kliam in llie rl«nth of tho 
Karl iif Ki'iit. Uu A Ik'c. imlora u'l^ro virvn 
for Ilia arriist, to nn-vpnt hiu guinjr iiSroaJ 
{FiiiUrei, ii. 801 1, bm he tuaiiap'd to eocapa 
loUernianv, nnd lived there and elsewhere 
in l';uropeformauyyojirB(ML-uiJii'rii.p. 54). 
IHe would appear to have (.'hii'lly spent lua 
limn ill Klnndcri. wherti bi» sppitb to havo 
iLriiiiin'd ciiiHidi'mbli- «valth and sufticiant 
inltncnei' to mahe it worth tlw* whiln of 
Philip of Fmu&i t« olTi-r him n Inrgi^ bnlxi 
for his aor^icc*. Hut, apparently during tho 
ironbles wbieh attended tho di-a^th of Jacob 
ran Artovelde, he loHt all his {^ooda and suf- 
fered miieh oppruKttun. When Ivdward ill 
camo to Flanders in July ItUo, .MaltrtTon 




BMt tum at Swvn, uiil |>«til4uiiwl for leaTu 
U> ivium to t;uii,'lau>l, plt^udio)^ that be luid 
bem cowlmiuivU uulwanl. (u couEideiktiva 
of tbe (TTtat MrrioQ ko bad done the king in 
flftuders, bv wu gruntGd llic myal pru- 
tMUco Ml £ Aug.. nod klloncd to rctuni to 
Enrluid iF-xdcra, iii. M; HqIU o/ i'aW. ii. 
\7bai. The ocin&nqntion of kjit jMnion voa 
drUf <-d uwiI^r to bis umploymeui in ISltt oa 
urp-ni hotiiit-u abroad, bai ibe proiectLon 
wtd reiiBwed on 2S Dec. 1M7 (/W^m, iii. 
146). Iq Juno I SUS he was fcat no n mis'^icii 
to lite comiuDnalti«8 ofGliLtit, Itru^#, And 
Ypm I »6. iii. 16-). Fiiwl n-mitutiijn at liU 
bnnaur and lands wa« not tnodt- till r^ IVti. 
13^ ( R-IUn/ Pari, ii.243). He waflgi>»eriior 
of till (lumritd TnUndM ui 13A1. A John 
Malinviara fought at Crecy and Poiciicrs, 
but there were oiber peisoUB of the mido 
name (e.ff> hit own son. nnd n cousiii, Sir 
Joha 3faItmv-(rrB nf Crowrll), nnd ii la not 
dear wbkh » nuHinl. MaUruvrr* ilii-d on 
16 Feb. 1 •'!>!•'>, and wan liuri>-d al Lyictii-lt. 

MaliraviTK iunme<l (It Els or Eva, 
(lautlbli-r tii Miiirict?. lord Berkeley, and 
aitter uf Out ketrper of Edward II. and (2) 
Ague*, daughter nf Sir William Hereford. 
MalliBTers'a aeooiid wir« bad preTioiiol}' 
marriwl both 8ir John de Argi>nlinv {d. 
131^1 will Sir Jnliu Av NerfonI (rf. I32ir|. 
iShv dii^I udfT ]i'i74, ntid was burind ul Ittry- 
friam, IxtRdim H.'"it. T-v. ft Om.') liy liL* 
finW wifp lip bad a kimi Jolin, who died IsOci. 
iSfiU (l3tXJ aeocfrdiiiff lo NimUB), leavin); 
by hi* wife Weosliaiin a son llerry and two 
danghlen, Joan and Kloniiur lltnry Miil- 
ir aTer * died bcfiireliis ^^ wliuev 
death the Imrony f-'ll into abvyancn, Iwtwcvn 
granddntipb'tvnt. .Iiuin, who wa« twice | 
ii<d but U-ft no children, nnd Eleanor, | 
marrtod J<>lm I'itialan, «cond son of I 
, third carl of Arundel. John Fits- I 
I, ber j;Tandaon, aiicc<«d4yi as fixch t^Drl i 

^Jkrandel In I4ir>, and Thorn na, < on and 

rof William, ninlliMrl.nt tupnrliimi'Tit | 

during lii« fntlinr'a lifo, from 1471 \n 14t»i,a* 
Baron MaliniTcra. Marr, dittifrbt<^r oT the 
Iwrlfib **H, fiarried tiiu litln to Philip' 
Uowaril, fourth duke of Norfolk. In \Q'iS 
Ibe barony ofMaltravors was hy acl-of pnr- 
liaKienl ann^X'.-il to tbe earl<limi of Ariiiidel, 
afid ibe title in roiiBeqnrailv ctill held bv 
Ul* Hiike of Norfolk. 

Uallravi)nin>.foundfil in I!V>1 iKi' lin«]>ilal 
of Sown at St. IVtcr'e Pott in Oucniacy 
(Dc(tl>4Lt:, Mfnit»lrr'm, vi. 711 1. Hi* name 
u luuiklly givi-n by conlempornry writer* a6 
ilaulraven) or .^latruven. 

[KarimnthaClironKle (Ka\U Snr.); Bakcr'a 
OuonicI*'. nL £. M. TbooiMon ; Bolla of Pai^ 
Uasiaat; BkrlioacMarj Whia; CUmdat of 

l-<.t*t>t Ko:i.. Ivlxixrl III. 1327-30: Rrmai'a 
Ka<>1«nt tlt>v'*i>'>l cd'E.) ; I>n^Hl*'H Baronage, 
il. 101 ; Hoti'hiDj'i JjofMt. ii- 315-21 ; Collws 
tjuica Top. uL Uin. v. 130-4 ; .\ieuln*'* Iltttorie 
Pr«r.Tan. pp, JOB-!), ikI. Coiirl hop*.] C. L. K. 

MALVERN, \\ ILl.lA.M or, alitu Pa»- 
X r.R iji. 1 -■):{<'» ). bfll nhbrit of St . l'bl<r'». Olou- 
«-rter, wii-" bom lii-twi-cn l4MnniI 14W),nnd 
i» mid lo have) Inf n of ihii fnniilY of p4rker 
of Ilaafield in Gloucfaltrr»liIrr. lie was pro- 
bably«Hl at thu lleiietlicliiie abhc)* of 
tilouccittcr, and wat wut bv ilie monks to 
Gloac^e«tcr Hall, Oxford, wltere he fiuppli- 
cntpd for k-avc to use a ' tTpelt,' 17 .4pril 
lii07, being at thai time B.C.I.. He •upnli- 
catvil for the iinivrritilv dr.gncc« of D.C.L. 
•2\i Jan. I.wr-S, B.D. I July Iftll, D.ft, 
17 May l'il4; hu vim noi admiltud t-o th^ 
deprwe of D.D. imiil •'> May IfllS, Meanwhile 
bo had returned to Gloiiceiiler, and entered 
the Beni-dicline order at Si. Peter's .-Vbboy. 
Under the abbot John Xewron, tiliat llrown, 
Mnlvern wta niiinirvi>i>r of iln- worka, nnd 
acquired a tajttti for biiildin^f, which hn waa 
afL«nvarda abli' ti» gratify, (tu 4 .\ljiy Uil4 
he was elected abliot.iiiid in that capacity' fre> 
oiienlly attended parliament. Wolsey riMled 
Ine abbey in 1623 and found the revenuon to 
be just over a thousand pounds. Malrem 
added n good denl to tile biilliiin^. IIhjev- 
pniri>d nnd in purl rebuilt Ilia abbot'* hoiiM> 
(now [hi> |iiiliict') III ibii city, and alco the 
fonutrv house nt ITinknaah. At Barnwood 
be buift the lower, and in the cnibednd ibe 
vcatry at the north end of the cross aisle 
and tbe ohapel where hu was biiri<^>d. lie is 
said U> have been opixMed lo Henry VJIi's 
MclMiBstical policjr, but hr pnid ofior. an the 

{irwimnn'rr Fompixntion, and c>ii Ml .^ug. lo.'U 
III tuhitcri W! to th" Mopri'iitncy. He aeenu 
nlao lo hiiVL- bien friendly with Rowland 
Lee [q.T.], bisbopofCViveniry, and attended 
bim when ht- wni dicing bia heiX to tup- 
port Henry's ^iewe {.I^ftrrt and I'nptrt rf 
IffMiy I'lil, ed. Ijairrlner, viii. HI ">). I lenry 
himiuili' M-i'm^ to havo biien at liloucnttar in 
l.'>;i.'i. During thn year Mai v<m wan ehnr^iMl 
by an ononviODUt acouKcr with having triod 
to btuh up Ih« acnndal ronn>'i;t<-d with Llan- 
iliony .\bboy, about which Dr. IMrber, the 
cliaiicidlonif Worcoter, [>erlia]» n kinstnan 
of Malvoni, had been appeali^d t,i in vain. 
The nccuwtioB la nrow;r>'vd in Hit ilei-ofd 
< Iftice- St. Pctert Abbey surrendered Ii P<ic. 
16iJ9, nnd tlio deed waa signed by the prior, 
but not by Ualvcm. He docs not sMitn to 
haveludapciiaioii, and (hi« i^iTce rrvdibiUty 
lo the acoQunt that at thu diasolnliun he re- 
tired lo Uarfitrld, and ihi^rv diedrvry shortly 
oflerwardf. He wua buried in tlio chapel bo 
had built on tbn north sid« of the choir of 




Gloucwtnr Cathodra.1 ; hie tomb u nn ultnr- 
moBiuiiFnt with, a Rgurc in wliitu morbli!. 

NfttWcni wroto in IWI mi nrcniiii iii 
Kngliili renti: of lliD riiiiuiliition <if Itm luo- 
iia^tii'Ty, whirl) llearuu jtriiitcd in lib mlliinn 
of liolicrt of (ilouci-siier'froiii a maDuscript 
at Oaiua Cnlli-RL', L'ambridx'-- 

ILcHcri mill i'iipoi> onioiirj VHI. td.Oainl- 
ner; Hnrl's Hinior. ot Cnriul. 8. fi^tri 
Olf.ui-M. (IWUfVr.'. iii. 21)0. 303. iwr ;<"!«.*( iiciV 
Ht-niy VI]] niidilicI-'rigLMuiiitHivriuai TiLUtirTK 
Bibl. Brit.; Dni^UiIc'ii Muaualiruii, i. u33; Li'- 
lund's Ilin. iv. "7 ; ftiidctof'n IIi»t. of (Ilou'-Mit'r- 
•hir«, p. 138; llf-rtroe'* ltAb«rt of (Jloii«>»U-r, 
Pref. p ri. wi ii, 678 ai^ti.] W. A, J. A. 

MALVEHNE. JOHN (rf, lllfif). liiet- 
lori/iii, wiis iwairili ii;r l.c> Pitii a uliiiltiiil of 
Orif! C'lllt'tT". tltford; lie wii* ii iimiilf of 
\Vorce«If r, and iti no lioubi the John Mal- 
verne wlio won aacrint, aiid becnnie prior. 
IBSepi, 130.'. ( liber Al6n\(.3btifi). Tbere 
was a John Malverne who wiiB ordnincd nco- 
h^le ill WorcenttT in IS7S (flrff. Piii/r. rt 
Omt: It'iffoi-n. (. 171 6). An jirior of Wor- 
cmrvr 111' WDK |irw»-nl In 1410 :it Irinl of 
till' lolhird, .['dm Ifiidliv [i\. v.], Iiofor* tin- 
(lioci'KUii *'oiirt I FnsE, Ai-ta and Mfinanu-nl*, 
b'i.iSflJ. Ilcni'ftuiB lo bnve died in or befori" 
14I&. MfllviTiw was tlie atitUor of a coit- 
tinnat.ion of nigden"* ■ J'ulychrniiicon ' from 
1346tol3i>-l, wiiich isiirinidl in ili" t'dition 
in eh" l{i>lls 8i>rii.«, viii. aW-tliH, iv. l-l'M.1 
from MS. tK" at Cuniiit Phriuli f oIIi'k», Pmii- 
bridgu: tl itt a work of c<iii.'<!di-rubU' vnlno. 
Stow inulii'A biiu the nurhor of ■ Fiers I'lnw- 
man,' on error in wbicb lio is followed b^ 
Tanner [set' Lvxiinsii, William]. I'rir.r 
Slnh-erno'a rp}ri8t<>r frciiu I.H95 uit fnr fw l-ltw 
iscontinui-tl in tin- 'I.ibiT Albiic.'li: SSCMSri, 

fr««i'n'i>d in the unmimcnl* of thu AVarci'nIcr 
'fttlii'dnil diiiptcr. Tlifl hiMoriitn inplfftrly n 
diffnTont person fnmi Lia eontcjupomn- and 
namejtak^ the phjeieian, 

MiLVEKSE, JaiiN (rf. 1122P). who was 
pirhape tiic true oUimatig of Oriel. He is 
•aid to have bwu n doctor ofni edict n^ ( JMsly 
MS. 147), and of tb<>olojfy (Nnwcowaf, i. 
1S4), ]li.- irna miidu rrctorofSl. niinntiitiV 
in-thi^l^it*!, London, on 8 MnrcU ]Wi, ond 
teceivfd llio pri-Waid of ChiLmbrrlaiiiwood 
at St. Pniil'.-, a HO.'.; \\o aluo li.ld llii.- 

Sr^beiid of Ilolvwidl ibvr^, and tnuv be ibc 
'dui Mnlvenii.' wlio wua made canon of 
Windiwr. L'O March 1408 (I.e ymii, Fn*fi, 
iii. 8^), Ho va» prvicnt at tbec.\aniiiioUcii 
of Willinm Thoriie [cj. v.] in liUT. and took 
paH in till' contn>rcn'y. He i« dcecnbi,-d iiit 
a ' pliivicinn ihat wus calU-d Mnlucrvn pvr- 
Bonof St. DvinatiinV'(l*'"iB, Actunml .Vaiiu- 
ifuntK, iii. 2*.l, 274-5. l';8-^^V llu m-W(i 
to liave (lied eiirl}- iu liiS. lie is no doubt 

lli« author of b treatise 'Do Bemediis Spin- 
inc. 'Nuper fuit qucdam seedula jmblice 
con»pectiiiat!L\acoDtiDt.-iu consilia'in l>i)fb7 
.M.S. UT.ff.aSd .■>««. ia the Bodleian Li- 
brary. Thii' trnct aim* o]ipi-nr» in 8Ionnti 
MH. i". fl'. lhtl-8 111, thf Muni-um aa 
' ('iinfiiliiim c'lintm. IVntntii,' but thurv bc^iM 
' Ijittiuit uu^ili-o devDcius iiivoculo.' 

|rir«.p.H7!); Taonor't Silil. I)ric.-nib.p.j;01 ; 
Lmnlty'n Prpf.tuibe Polj-thniojciin ; Ncwcourt'a 
I£opcTtDrium.i.l11,lfi(J,^33- iu form nt inn bindljr 
»up|.li«l l.y K. L, Toole, "h-] C. L. K. 

chaiicvHor of Scolland and arcbbiobnp of 
St. Andrew*, WO)' of Nortnonoricin, and wu 
Miid tfi liavo bupn wlncatr'd in hrancc. He 
bi'camt! (inc of till* (-/rnWrrj/M in Scot bind, and 
litt wHi initdr* I'hiinet-llor of Sn)ltniid in Soi^ 
leubpr I l!J!l. Uuriiijitlie following itiDTilb lift 
waseleelt'dbiiibopol'Ula.tgow. Siib»eqiii?illly, 
while at Lyons, lie was ordained jini*al and 
consecrated to the see of Ulajigow 23 Sept. 
^^iW by dohn IVlmeis fq. v. j, archbishop of 
Lyons, nt tbo nnliT ni Innocmt III. lie 
laiidi'd at ridvi-rnnliiK rotuni linmnon I Fob. 
following. 1I(Mviuin rnijiirnl wim-»piindpni 
of the Arehbi.thop of Lyixis, oim of wlincu 
lelterii lo liim, written about ihu time, biU 
been rvprodiiced hv Mobillon iu his 'Ana- 
lecta,' ]), 42tl. 'fhe letter conininB two 
ruplit'6 TTiH<ie to inijiiirios by Mnlvoisin : 
one n'Ti-rrLii); to tlic wnrkinfi of the) ocinsia- 
tnnRl Piiiirln iu tbo diofCJiii 'if Lyonii, 'do 
ii'iii|ifiriili n'giniiiie t'ei'liwiie LugdiinHniiia;' 
and ibii oth'-*r en to how fur thtwo in holy 
ordtr* oiipbt ((( lake part in civil dispiitoii or 
lo bear amie— n question which tiit- arch- 
hislmp ntiswt>rt'd wholly in the ncjrntiTO. 
In I'iOl hi>, UK bisbn]*. •vast party to an 
nrranp-rai'tit, inndr< iii cnntiminlion of one 
prDvi'>n«ly fxisiing, in prceoneD of tht> nnpal 
li-Hnto, John di* .St. .'^tL'pbiimia, at Purlli, oy 
wnii^U the monkit of KeUn holdth* propi-rty 
of the chiirplipi within that boroiijili ln*i;froin 
diivn or chnr^s of any kind. In 12(12 Mal- 
voisin WB* tmii'ferrwl on the kioR'n ivcom- 
niondnlioM to the iiri'h bishopric of St. An- 
dretvi. IIi> r^bowi-d niiich witdom and oneiv^ 
ill ruling till' cliiin:li. Many riifbia and pn- 
viK-^e that had lajwod thri.>UKh tlic remiM- 
neiMi'f liiavri'ducf-BMiTW wen- vindicQfed anc^v 
by biui and xi-'alouely dufondcd. lie wiu in 
con sill 111 coninioiiit^tihon wilb tlic holy gne, 
a^'liiii^' inaltiit:tii>nii on points of iW'trine, 
I'.Tiuftof pr>>coduro, or Ic^idopiiiioit^.dttch as 
wlii'tbrr (T nil h'.' coiibl all'>w proof by wit- 
nt-wrf in w'tnblii'hinp ci'nlnict* of niorrinirv. 
A lon^-slandini; dinpiilv bt^tnvi-ii ibn ouo 
of Hi, .'VnUri-wn and Diinc^inof .\rbiilhiiot, 
rv^nling tht! kirklnaids of Arbathnot wm 



•VltlvO. ftt^vr ii»(]uiry liy tlii> Ivitatv Mnd tke 
kiu^. A liull rtt luiioceut Lll. ad^lrcf^d to 
IhtocftB in Jm.It l:IU3,dc9crib4:« ibc et-ttlo- 
BMVt ■• B CQtnproiniw. (Jlhvr nuthorili» 
abtto that it wm in fnrcur of tlic bUlidp. 
U»lT«tcin.vrba vnw nbroad duriitf tlir s^n-uler 
psrt of 1^)6, \raa aftcnurarda utnlinued in 
kU hi* prrn>;n»iraiaitd imiauRitiee l>y bulla 
oT Innoo-iit [11, da((>d 3 Aviil 1J06 and 
12 Jan. 1:^>7. whicli were aoubtlew Mg- 
mated by liiin wkilo Mt tlw papal court. 
like tntor ball is icnoed ' Do conflnnntionc 
iwivileginnitn Rgntcopt Soncti .\ndren- ejui*- 
qnr »iircr-^-irihuH in nrqwluum.' Tlif^ |iri>- 
ppTlipn lR-)iiiii{ing til l.lie not) on? tliua aUtled: 
'In Fifi- — KilrvoifMid, with all the fihliv. 
Dprveiiin, rhtWiounestn, the inland of 
Johcwnob. ni>)i its oppurleDanccx, Miinc* 
met, Tvrincth, Morcainbtis, MFlhldl, KiWi- 
neat h. MnrkArt, Pctliincib, witli all tlir church 
land', Similiirihicn. Rp*ci>lpiii, Cw, Piil* 
brad«l, liiiiu>in, l>wiir, nnd 1j>ii^Mrl, near 
PtoKli;in Man-t— BmliaH, Monynmiik. ("ul- 
nunud, Ehin.nitb tho chuirt landw and all 
llteir apptin«auiice» -. in Lothinn — Ijaliine. 
EgKlemnanikcc, Keldeleth, It&ihlhen. I^m- 
inoe, Wmlale, CI«rkineion, TjTtmebein. 
wUb tlieir appurienanrw. Tbrttiill finnllv 
providiM ibat Can (m/fi, utiiH'riiir duttm) 
aod Cnnpvvili (fvan-m/mtA), lin>t<fruiia for 
tlte UabupV talilx, am to bv duly levied. Thi^ 
lufcopwattalwaviifaslidiouaabout ihcHupplr 
to kin (able, ^ordun says that be «ritta'- 
drew tmm ihe abb«T of' Dunfbnnline the 
naiRNince of two liiinj^ -KingloHiiv nnil 
llnlps— beeaiiM the monks hurl sliiitfd liU 
eiipptv of wine, tlv n-as pmpuwvrvd by n 
bull, \nvfailirr fill up any vneant 
cliarj^-n (■aiin-'l liy thi* docMw of vican, if 
lb* titulnro (if utich rbama did not do so 
wilbin tl»c pNtpiT limi". In 1308 he oonw^. 
OKted the Mmelerv of Drybui^h Abbey. 
tliiBMne is app^ncf^d to abond fpren by 
William, kinp of S™ilnnd, for ihr piirmi'nt 
nf tiftii'ti thiinannd tniirlm In John or F.nj^- 
land, datrd NnrtbutDpton, 7 Aiiff. 1319. In 
121 1 it" rriiitD'-d tko cbaneotUiridiip rtf S^at- 
laiMJ. I>iirin^theloltowiiitf ytwrkcpreiidwl 
at a {kroviseial eanncil of iho i>hurch h«U 
at I*erth, when Ibo pope's order «nu ivad 
rcf^fdinR a new oruHide — a prnjir^anl ooldly 
natired by tlie nolde* pr«>(>nt. En lliliJbo 
vaa«D|>o««'r«d by bull |l Jum-) to enniw- 
cntn John, arcbdM«cMi of I.OI Itian, a* bitbop 
of IhiDk<.-ld, nod in tbv fplloirtne T«ar bo 
COnM^craltd Adam, abbot of .Uclrn««, na 
bubop of CailhnnM^ lie vra* dLiit. 7 Juiv 
1316. to Irval with Kinir John of KukI**"'^- 
Huhnk' ihp »nm-.' yrw ht? ui-iit to Home to 
attnul n f^viivml council, aocompaaivd by 
thu buliopc of UlaeKow and Hony. Ho n,- 

' tuniwd in January I:f If and fuutul ibc counlry 

I uaderpttpal int«rd;cl, but witb tbf bvlp of 
tbc lc|[«ia he »ucc«cdvd lu Larint; the iotet- 
dicl rcicQViMl. He pave ab^^olutioa to the 
itionk* uf the Cislcrciiin order on their mb- 
millriiy to the uulhority »f thv church. Ila 

, *i|,ru«'d I be rii;t of t-i-jK>URoln bttu-cirn Alex- 
ander II of .^ctilluiid and JiHui (I31(» U'.^) 

' fq. T.], eisterof lleiirv 111, at Vnrh, l'>Janu 
12i!0i and It'JuneU^M hL'witn<«ei><Iachnrter 
of down' granted br Alexander to hin bride. 
TIjc biaCiop foiinde*! ihi- hnipiittl of St. Vary 
at Lcichlorcp, cAlhrd ScotUiid Wall. lio 
nW) eiiuJinrnil m ihr tnaslcr and brrthren 
of twiiiv b<ilh tht' i-hiin-h nf St.tlile* nt Or^ 
mi^i.on iu Koai l.nthluji with il» invtmuc for 
tln-ir jiropcr uw, ami ibu chiin-h uf .•'trntb" 
man in in Forf&raliir^, wUieli wb.i r^nfirnird 
hy Pope OneirorT IJ i>ct. l;>3li. llf K»Tf to 
tin- rnnotiH of Irfwhlevcn ihe roveiiue itf the 
chirnch (if .^uctcmximiiir for the wippurt of 
piltfHma. Ili'coniitiiicd tbiT btiildinc'of the 
catliedrol nl St. Audn-»s, In-jrun liy tii« pi^ 
deccASor, and deruted a |iurl uf the n-vrnuo 
of hi» tee to that puqKiMj. Ilr died at biN 
rvnidence at IncliiDiiriHcli A July 123'^, atul 
n*ii» hiiried in tho catbedral. Di-mpfltiT laya 
tbiil bp wtoti' llw livM of St, Kininn and 
St. KftittiiPini, but llnrdy, th*> compiler at 
ihf cataloKi'i' of till* KidJM piiblientinni. nays 
that of tliL- two aniiiiytuouK liica nl' tliMe 
minis he lin« be«i iiuabli^ to oKxtgii cither of 
lh<>tn to him. 

{FordunV RMlirhronieon, liK riii,; RymH^ 
yoMlBfii, Til, i. ; Mi'lmae Chronielu ; Uidloi.bian 
Cliarit'nut^uliriMUAiinnijricl.'lu)'): P'tmli^a 
CunuK Cnrnpirlua: ■Sptitidrcnd's flisl»ry of 
Clinrrh of Scotland. toI, i. : Onrdoa'a Ecd. 
Chrooicl* of Scoilanil, i. Ufi-J4 ; Tanncr'a Bibl, 
Bntl J. G. y. 

MAUN£S, OEUARD (/. I5M 1611), 
mercliani and eeonnmic nTiter, Btati>i ibat 
hU ■auRp^lnn and parent*' we» bom is 
LunVMhlta {Ltr Mfrratorirt, IBSS. p. 26S). 
Hia father, a niint-n)att<'r t'^. p. S>>l ), pro- 
bably emi^rattHl about Ib^'J to Antwerp, 
where Gerard waa bom, ond rtturned to 
Knjiland at the time of the ^M^^^llion of 
thriuwiAtancPof akill^l uorLint-n frvini I-'laa- 
dcra. Onmrd wa« njipoitited (alimit lo66) 
oni> uf the eoiiiiniMinnera of Irude in the 
IjOw Couatrio* 'for M>ttlinK Ihe ralue oi 
monie*' (riLftys, jj. (MJ), but be waa in Eng- 
land in lo87, for in thot yi-ar he purclw.'^ 
from yir Fraiiri* Draku KOt»t^ of thi} pearla 
which Urnkc broufbt ^niCnrt)i)i);cna. Ma- 
Imee.'wlioaubacnbndiKK)/. nr the loan letird 
by EliiabdU in IMS an tlie city of London 




(J. S. Brut, p. 1 1 ). l!u vnt rn-quently c«n- 
■ulud i^n juercantilD yTaJN by th« priry 
OonncUdunngherKifTii aud tbut of Janivt I. 
InlflOObawisappoiDted onuof tlii>ci>inrut»- 
Booen for MbiuBsliing ilie irue mr r>[ ax- 
diuigv, Knd he «v« eriditncc nuroru ibi- 
OOnmitlM of tliA iIoilM nt Cntnininu on the 
W^rchnnta' AuurnnMi Bill ( NoTfltnber and 
[Iw-intx-T leui). Whiir lU* v\ct for tLo 
TfiM! Mnkingof Woollrn Cloth (lJa4:.l,c.','l 
wupawiiitf tbrouf^h parliBmi?n( h« prvpiLrtrd 
for loO (■'■^y cauDCil a report (Jtawin^ tho 
w«ffbt, leu){th, &D(I l>rendlli of nil kind* of 


Durinf^ Ihftrotgn ofJsmo*! Malyncs took 
p&rt in nuxiy iMniMii(« for di:velnping' tho 
naturnl rt«otmM:ii of the country. Auionj; 
thum wm an (ttlvmpl ti} work k'«<l uilum itl 
Yorkshire auJ tiilvvT miiietj lu Uurbnm in 
1000, whwi ut liiit own cburKu he Un>itH:hi. 
workuit-ufrouiOenauDy, Ho wMJoirwdby 
Lonl Kurc «nd some i,oi]don morch»nt^ but 
tbo undortklung fuiU'd, altlioiifib ' his nctiou 
vnti opplaudcdliy ngput iiM^^on then in au- 
tboritic, and now [UU2] accuiued, who pro- 
mised nil 11k: rnvDiir liv could do' (Xrj'itfer- 
catoruitU. :J<':i>. Tticobuxttir these dchetucs 
TTU protjahly It) make hiiKluod iudcpendom 
of A ftrr^'i^fa supply of the precious mutaht. 
UoQOlary qu^ittions wvrc indcod hie cUi«f 
care. He was &d nssiiy moslcr cf tliu mint 
lib. p, 2S1). In lOOtf he ww n c;imuuB- 
Blont-r ':>n mint iiHkirp, ii1«iif; with TUouiua, 
lord Kiiyvpl.Hir Richun! Miiri in |q. v.J, .lohn 
'\\'illiiiuu, ilie k'ma'f ii«lil!<m\i\i, aud ciihor». 
Shortly afttrwflrdB hi: cinjatted in a scheme 
BiiiipWinR D ih.'licieiicv in rlic curr'-ncy, 
tcoinc LiliMnnll vtilur. by'thfiMUc iif rnrtbing 
lictia, PnTnie trid'.T)! hiid furMirui: vpurs 
infritigfil llie mynl pri-n)j.'a'ivi' by ntriUvii^ 
fanhinjir tokrm in luad. A 'uiodi-Nt propoi^al,' 
■whii;ii*'i!iii!ttob«vi^bit'iiiu8plrL-db> Slalynca, 
vriiH put forth ill ICIStonspiedjlhiaevi]. The 
Mclit^tiie wai adoptt^d, and Jolxn, secand lord 
Haringtonfq.v. J, obtained the pulciil for«ip* 

eying tho new coiu« { 10 April ICfiS), vrhicii 
lU■t9Ile(lt■3Mn]ynMaml^^ ilUnmCuckuyue, 
in mti>rdiiiiRit with an nfcnMitiu^ul previoiuily 
nadn with the ronuiT. I'lmn [|)r> withdrawal 
of Cockayne, who did noliiliei he terms of th* 
orig'inal grant, lUnl^'UL'a waa joined liy John 
Couchman. But from the lir«t the contruo 
tonwLTD iinrortunatv. Tlie Itiilcu of Ijciihox 
triud 10 ubtiiiu tlitt piitittit from l^onl Hnr- 
bwtonbf oll'uringbttltrf ti!riujtthiiii MnlyiieH. 
The ii«w funluo(;ti. whieh w«re called "Jlai^ 
inglona,' w«n> unpopular. They were tre- 
f^d iiL .SlallbrdHliire, Hurbyshire, Mint, Bud 
Denltigb ; nnd t'vcn In coimlii'S whyrw tUwy 
werv) iicwpiod thti demmid fur thtin wan bo 
aniall that in air munths ihw iaoue was loss 

than wot. The death of Lord Buixtgtaa 
in 16IJ gave riw to new difficult iiM^. the 
patent was infringed, at>d private tisdeis 
contiiiu<.>d lo imme iile^l coins. .Malynw 
eparvil no pning la mahtt th« srheine itno> 
ei'iufut, but the tou n-nnlt in^ from it* failure 
fi^U ehii'lly iijKiti hiiu. Is a petition which be 
itddrcMfd ti> thf king from tku Hw^t Priaon 
(16 Feb. Iiilliil he vompUined that he had 
bven mined t>v his employers, who inai^ted 
on payini^ him in his own fart hinf^s. But 
he Appears t<> havM snrmoimtpJ tni*o diffi- 
culties. In IH'J'J hvt ffAV<- eriden(v on Iho 
Stftte of thi:^ coinA)f<' boiori^ the standing oont- 
niiuiou on Ifudo, Malviii-n w(w disply ita- 
prv^jnil with tli*i-vil* wliicb ikevxactionaof 
luuirrn itiflicled on the ptiorcr cl «*>*». 'T1j8 
<wniud«niliotibiTtwf,'h':> writt-ri, ' hath moved 
tuy aoul vriib oiupuseiou and true conimia»- 
ratii^n, which icuplyelh it helping bund. For 
it is now a)>ove Iwentio Tc-arn that T baT4 
moved continuatly thoev tbot arc in ao- 
tboritie. and others that har« bvrnv, U> be 
pleased to tnkc tiomo counc to pr<n«ut tiiia 
enornutiu ' (ib. p, 330), lI<j[>eleMi of eucceaa 
and 'rtriirki'n in yi-iins' bt; had to Goat«at 
hiinwlf wllh publishiti^ bis last project. 
He proposed the adoption of a tv^lcm of 
|ifl.wnhri)kiiit( and a 'Mons rii;tatu>,' under 
;;ovorni»cnl control. In this iray he liopcd 
to onabte poor Moplc t^i obtain loans at ft 
modorntcnilc iil intiTiMl. Malyiiua lived to 
a mfitnge.forinltiilL'hnbDiiUl aiipeal tobis 
'fiftiit yHuriw' iibtmrvatiou, kiiriwledge, and 
■•xporii-[n-e,'niiil he nddrt-Mted a petition to tbo 
tlixiHe of ('ouimoua of Htlt. 

Miilj'ucfl wiic one of tho fir?it KnglUh 
wriler* in whose works wo find ibnt coo- 
(.'cptioD of Dnturnl Iiiw tlir applirnliim of 
which by liitt-r i.'(.'iiniiiiiinttt led to the rapid 
pr^wttt ()f erfniiiniii- !tcteni--e, lie doubtlcas 
borniwfd it from Itoman law, ia which he 
iip|it-ani to have been ^Ye]I rend. But in his 
iiutui^raua witrki all other subjects are sul^ 
ordinate to the priiicipb't of foreigiivxchaii^, 
of which he ivn* Ibe dii<.'f exiKineiit, Malyncs 
rocogtiiseiJtbiii ('ertniiifliriiteuis,Aiicbafltime, 
dislonc", mill ibe NlatenfiKdit, entered tnto 
the di'lfrtniiifllion iif the * nine of bills of es- 
dian^^but hcoverlookedthemost ininortant, 
iifiniiily.ihe mutual indehtednetisof tlietrad~ 
iii(; eountrieii, Thecnndiiion of InuWoiidtltft 
method of settling iiiternutinnHltrantacliaoS 
nt thnt liniunUo gnve an iipiwBrance of Imth 
to biH concent ii)ti tbiit ' vxoliaagadoimnatel 
eDntniudilii-H.' In his view the csin'biata and 
grjldimilli.t. who iiiccit-ded to the functioiu 
of the kini^'ft exeliaiiger and biastiborilinates, 
defrauded the revenue mill nrnruwed wealth 
at tlmv.T]ieiiM! of the kiii^'. Throu|;h(iiit his 
life be miiintaini>d the ' predominaitcu of ux- 







anil nr^H tlut •xchanf^t slioiiM bii M>ttl«d 
OB the principlo of 'far pr^ pi""*) value for 
TftltML' Kuorally, thorrfon), Im cmiglit ts re- 
Tire the Mftple •y*teiii, uid ftppcalM to the 
gvmnnenttoputdoiwnthcexGliuiws. Ue 
Also wrenljr cnU«bed the^-uirsof Jiwiilo- 
■lin. T)i«a[ijioiDiuKutiiil023»fl]i«sl«n<ling 
oonmifruon on in^e gAve riM to nuta«'inii« 
pftltipbl«'« •lMtin£ Milli tbi' »uhjc(^s of in- 
dairy. Wlinii, oQionji; och^r VTiturs, K<lwftr4 
UiacUlMi Iq, v.] diaciuecd ilic couks vf the 
auppotml dvc*y at tndv, Malyiio nl onc<; 
attacked liu vicn^ uit tbe f^oud tb&t lie 
hAil Of&ittv<l ' to luuMile tlu: prcdouiiuiul 
ywt of lb<> triil«, UHinely, tb«- mastery of 
gtdunstti' which ' orvr-ruled tUo price of 
Biotwy* Mid comniodilin.' MisMlden cuily 
'«unigfa nfuled his arguments, wtiicli, be 
Mud, w«rD 'u thrcMlbire u hucunt;' but 
JialjUM wu oot to be dsuDlvd, find bo re- 
twwM ilw ftttwli. AlthouKh bis tlu-ory of 
cashaitfce WM deiDolii>lwd, luv work* are full 
«f valuiiUe infnrtu&tion nn otiuiinercittl sub- 
jects, And are inJieueneabla to ibe oconomic 
hiMorian. Up publislicd: 1. 'ATrentiKof 
tko Canker of EngUnd's OoanDonvrL-altb. 
l>ividit] iniolbrff pBTtn,*&c., London, ItiO), 
8vo. :;, ' St. Oi-orp) for Ktigtnnd, nlli-aori- 
c»UTd«crili«l,'Ixmdon,lB01.8v*). 3, 'Eoft- 
Und'* Virw in tbi; FinnnAhiiift of two 
Farndoie* [by Do Makatroirt]: with a Kt^ 
f^icnlion unw the jVuswer of Maislor J. 
Bodinc' l>»iidon. 1603. 12ino. 4. ' Tlic 
MAinli.-oancf of Fncn Tnidc, according to 
ihr llimr mmniiall V^rm of TralHqua . . . 
or, an .\ainrur to <i TmtiM of Froe Trade 

2ijEdwwdMitiM!JdrD] . . . talely |Mib1i»b^.' 
c. I^indon, 1622,8vo. B. ' CrauiuMudo vel 
Lex Mercaiorin. or lh« Ancient Law Mer- 
cbant. i>i<Hle«l into lbn« pana; according 
to tbm nHfitiali parts of Trattictce,'&c., I»ii- 
doa, I9ii, fol. A wcond eilition of ihiH w>r]( 
apprarrd in 1«W». It w« ivpiiblitlii'd wub 
HM-luT'l DalToruo'n ' Mi'rrluinTH Mirrniir,' 
Itaa, end ill ltU<6 with MarinR'* 'Collec- 
laoti of Sea Laws: Advic« coiicoming BiUa,' 
with J. Colliiu'd 'IiitrodiiRiiou taMerehants 
Accounis,' and oiber book«. MalyneaG 'i'hi- 
IfMOphf' <' Lex Mercatorin/ pi. ii. cap. i.) 
WH i«^nl«d in 'A ficnTe of tbe rr[|<> 
uid Sptniual TabanuMsU,' I.«ndna, lUJiAi 
•nd < fau ailriM eonanaag bM-kiHrnnif ' {*6. 
Mn 231 t>|q.) in Suaiwl Hanlib'a ' R*^ 
Mied Common wmI lb of B«mi,' London, 
MU, 4ta e. ' The Crotcr of ibo Circle of 
Gomiimee, or tbe Ballnnce nf Trade, Intelj 

C"uii«d fav E[d<rard' )l[iBseldeiiV Lon- 
lOS. 4lo. 
{¥«n>ga«n Bcwknl in En«Li»]. l«l»-l«S8 
(Ch»d. &e.),pt 11; J. S. Bant'd FoMign Pro- 

twtant BafaMW. Loodon, 1U8, p. 1 1 ; WU- 
linm Oliiyi'i firitiab LibrariBO, 17X7. pp. 9S,97 ; 
Sading'* AuDiI* o{ ilia Cotna^. Srd «d. i. Xfifi- 
370; Snelliii^'i View at tJie Copper Coin aod 
Coinngnof bnsLinil. lTfi3, pp. &-tl ; Ilrjd^'a 
Cemmn Litcnriti, 3nd ol t. IM ; Nutes nod 
Qui>ri<B,!2ti'i M«. ii. 118, till Mr.T. 437 i Arc]ian>- 
lug;in. xxiK. U7T. S&7 i Klole Papcn, Dqoi. 
Jfic. J.lsit. T. ii.*.lfl8, e*. lis, Car.J.cftf.'Uaiiij. 
Ill; HUt.M.'*S.aimm.3riJHqj. p l6».7thB(m, 
p. IH86, 8cb R*p. i. 4U. Niiuioroiii biograplu- 
cat ilctAila will lie fuunil thrtiugiiout JkuilyDHi'* 
■wurkB. III!) vivwn wumiulJL'cd ur criticiMd in 
Iha follwinfc sBVcntrcnth>CBtiiur3r piiinpblat«, in 
ndOitioQ to ihuar of l^mird UiaMldt-n : Leiris 
Ki>lwrt> » Honrl^At^I-H Miipi>4 of Comnivm, &<., 
I.«n4oD, IG38, p. 17; Thonjj'Li Mua'a KngLnoil'j 
Traniur^ by I-'on-ign Trtde. London, 1G61, pp. 
\2tn\<t.; Minina Cleoicnt'* UUeoama of i£e 
(itntr-*! SotiDtm of Monny, Trad«i aod Ex- 
cbauita.&e.LDndaD, icgo.p. IT; W.Lowndm'a 
Furtliur T.fn*y fur lbs Amcnilnienl of tba Oold 
luid SilTcr ('oina. I^ndoa, l<IM> Pur the eon- 
tf'jvi^ity i.vivern Malyno* nnil iiliawUUin i*dr 
John Sinilh'* Mooiutrii of Wool, 2ad mL 17i7t 
i. lOl-lTt; Aniianon'* DtductioD of tba Otigb 
i>rCoiDniuKa.«L 1801. iL 117.303. 2i9, 270, 
297 : Atct'ullocir* I^Jtumlurv of t'olitipul Eco- 
Domv, 1846, p. 129: Ttaron Tvisf'a View of 
the Pnigrvw uf PJicicAl EooDoni^.lSt?. 11.34; 
RichnnT JuiKs's LeciureB on Potiiiial Kciuomy, 
ISfO. pp. i'ii, 321 1 Beykiiig'a UtaoHidito dcr 
Ilimlvlnbihinxthi^irio, I8S0, pp. 0^-4 ; Scban^a 
K»clM.'h»<Ii<Upal)l.ik, IBHl, t. 331 a^^.: 
CuDnicghan'N Gruirth of Rnglith Indtistpj and 
CorametN, tSSS. pp. 379. HOO viq. ; Stepban 
Bauar'* arL 'IfailnRdx of Tritdo' (Diet. Pol. rood. 
pti. 18&1). Urwinn's EnKliah Tmdeand Financs 
ID tbo 1 7tii Oniury, 1803. pp. xx aoa.. 0, 10. 12.] 

« . A. R. H- 

ill 1747 in tlii< rily of Londuii, wbere his 
fuLlii-r wait a nvll-kiionn builder, waji odu- 
cated at Croydon under tbo Rav. John Lamb, 
nnd distinguiBh^ hlmaelf as a acbulaT. At 
tbe ace of fifteen bE> lefl sebool and became 
a clerk iti n aiercaiitilebuiisein ibecitj". In 
1770 ho puUinlu-d n Jtnall rolunip called 
' Tlio Trilli-T,' (-untjiiiiiiig osujs of a HiigLt 
ehniuctcr. In 1774 ha eontribiitxd to Wwd- 
fuU's 'MomioffCbronid^'a nvrioB of loltm 
on education. The followinjt year bo pub- 
litib^d a novel bearing llit^ title of * Bc-ntlrj, 
orllio ICiinil Phito«m>b4»r.* In 1775 he re- 
tired from hanineM for a time, but after liia 
mnrriiifp' in I77f> h« obtained n silimtion in 
thr .^mitb Sva ]lAtiui,nnd tliffami* TO«r was 
«l«cti'd drpttty ai'crelarj- of tliai lutAbli^h- 
m»ni. Horebowaatbo eollon^oof Cbarl« 
Lamb, wlio pays a trtbuii^ to hi* wit and 
ftenial qualitii>a in bia esaay on ibo South 
iSoa Hou»e (Laub, E**ttur, ei, bv Ainger, 
London, 1883, p. S). \U had puUiahed % 

drainatic satire cftlled'CloBrina'tn 1776, and 
he conticueJ to writi> es^vs mid l^-tters for 
lliv 'Morning C'iirLKiicI*'' anil tlj« ' I.ondcui 
OiiKlttto' lill riin (tcfUh nii it Dwc. 17IW. Jn 
18(W liiji crtlWtiiil wiir!(B wcri' publisliud in 
Iwa volutins, coiit.i»t iiig (if ifKiutys, lutltrs, 
pocmii. and oilier trifli-i. Man'* dnuL'htiT, 
iCmiDB UlaiidiBna, diml at iSiivynoatts on 
14 Aug, 1858, 

[CoIIcetwl Wnrk^ of Tlr-nrv Man.wiih Mcmnir. 
Liinduu, 18uii Q«i\i.Uiin.'n09 n. lO^'J, INuB 
■i. 536.] A. VI. J. L. 

MAN or MAIN, JAMES nr00.M76l), 
pliilalo^ifit,1)4>TTi about 1700 arXviiiteWTeatli, 
in tUepoiitih of Elgin, .Morayshire, was edu- 
cated nrat at th{> parish sch'^nl of l^ngbride^ 
And Afcorwitnls at Kitig's C'ulk^n, AbaHeftD, 
where b<' ernduitt«d M.A. in 1<:^1, IIo was 
thou appnint«d*clioo1ma«teri>f ToiikIi, Al)cr> 
dMBAliiro, and in 17-I2 mnster of thf! poor** 
hoipital in Aberdeen. He proveda vc-iT-HMy- 
ful ■upvrintpiiJeiit of tbe Loapitiil, to wliicli 
at his duntU iu 1761 1i« lutY in(>re tlinii lialf 
the little pn>|)erty be bad HCL-iiiniilal^'d. 

Mnii'^xtfid for tliecliaracterol'llenrgc Du- 
chunaiL Ii'd liim to joiii tho party oT Scotliah 
sclioliir* who ■were Jiwatistiod wilh Tliomnn 
Ituddiniiiu'n cdilion uf Bucliunnn's works 
pul(litibi.-J in 17I&. Muu fxpcjsL-d tliu crrure 
und defucts of liutliliumu'ii eilitlou in 'A 
Ctmure mid E\amiiiuU'>it of Mr. Tliumos 
}[uddiu).aii'0l*bi]ijIo|ficulNol<:e outlie Works 
oif tlio gtvaX Ilacbnnaa . • > morri partiDularly 
on Ibu ninton' of Scotland . . . cratuinitig 
manj [lurticiilars at bia Lifu,'8vo, Aburducn., 
17i>3. Tbin trcntini-, wbicli exlciida ti> >'i7-l 
POUT!), ia li^nniud luiil itculu, but vurv abuaivi-. 
ICtiditimaij ri-plit-d in Ida ' Aiit i-criei«,' 1 7*i4, 
imd in 'AiiJi aUi?ram parti'm,' 17S(( [see 
Ki:M)i!iii[t. Thomas]. 

Miin mode cuUcctions for an edition of 
Anbiir Johnston's poems, wliidi were in iho 

Susei;«<iion of Pr)f«raor Tlnim(i» flordon "f 
.berdi^eii, and wnt i-Ticniini)ri-d by ninny 
preabyleriai) miuiilOM M iiiiili-rtiiki! a !ii>tory 
of thi* churcli of Ptoilaiid. He only cum- 
pliTled un oditioD of Buf hut mil's ' Ktstar}' of 
Scolliiud,* which vas iasui'd at Abetdix^n in 

[Chalmen'i Lire of lluddimiui, p. 21S.] 

(>. G. 

MAN, JOHN (1512-1569), dean of 
f)l«iici'*tfir, was bom in 1512 at LBTPock. 
Wiltsbin-, HiwiirdiTig lo Wood, Iboucli tbo 
record* of WimrhtwlHrfVilU'go uamn Wintcr- 
boumo i^lnkt), iu ibal. ■■(unity, iw biH birlb- 

flaco(KiHBT. Wivchfuter Scholar*, p. llii). 
le WAS Q(lniitli>d into Winchester Colloge 
in l-'i^U, and was eleclod to New Colle^, 
Oxford,wb(>reholwcaineD probationer fellow, , 

3^ Oct. 102U, bninfi mado p(.>rpf>tiial fellow 
two veare unerwurtlii. H>' jrniibiatnd U.A. 
I'O July II533, and SLA. la Fpb. I'W-S 
(Wool.; Fruit 0.vyn. ftd. Blii*, i. Vih, UK). 
On(t April t''i40heWAaappoinlcdlbi!inulhpni 

{iprwtoroflbe univfrsity. Itmn^ Btispf«lo<l of 
iBpiny, be WAS i.>vpelJKl from Xew Collcgo, 
but in I'lir hf was mnde iiriiitipal of Wbit« 
Hall, aft<<rwnrds ahcnrbeil in Ja«iis College. 
Si>oii afliir KliinbartL'g acc-easioo b« was 
appointL-d chaplain to Arcbbisbon l^ker. 
wbo uoRiiiiutvd Lim to tbo wardcosliip of 
M.?rton OolJei^ In b")G2 (Wodi*, AnntU, od- 
Gutch, ii. Uli). Oti 2 Feb. lo(W 6 bi- was 
ed. Ilftrdy, i. lAii), (joeen Elizabeth on 
12 Jiia. lW*J-7 despatched him Iw Spain aa 
liw ambnaBador, ' with K/. tt*. Si/, diet. Her 
majesty is reported to hava punuDd upon his 
mieeioik, eayiu^ tlut na the spmiianl liassent 
her a K<">t»''inan (GiiKtanii) idti'ciuld nnt re- 
turn the coiuptjmfut Iji'lter tbii.ii by sending 
him a maiii^ouef. VVhi]<? ul Madrid b'.- was 
accuficd of hnvinif ^p[I^t■Ix witui-wbat ir* 
reverently of the pope, and wa* in r/niM^ 
qocncc lint cxcludi-d from nmrl, and subite* 
i|iieiitly fnni]ji'lk'd to rclirp from the i?apiia! 
toil cmmiry villii^'<: where his sonants ware 
forced to nilt^ud miisn (CtUtiCN, AnnaU, ed. 
IBBB, p. ai). On -J .IiiTif Io68 the mieon 
recalled bim [o Knjilaiid. TIii< bill of the 
conts of transportation of biiiwrlf, liiH in«ai, 
ami his 'Btufle' from the court of England 
to ibi! cmirt of Spain \a presprvtd among 
lilt! Ootlonian mniiiiscripts In the Ilriliah 
MiMi-uui fVf-i]iiu<inu C, xiii. f. 407>. and was 
printed by Sir llain,- Kllij" in tbe'Gratle- 
uau'.t MaguEttie' for October IMft. The 
totalexpen»e,iiidinlinKdii't,Kia;i9il/. IM.KW. 
Many of his official lellHrt from Sjiatn ars 

f reserved among the iiiauuKCriiilit in tlw 
'niviTsity Library, rainbridi.'v ( .Mm. iii. 8), 
Man died in l^n'don on 1§ Mart-li l.'ilS8-9, 
mid u-jiK buried in the elmncel of St. Aaae^ 
C'biircb, near AlditTBgnii', 

By hin wife' I'Vanci'*, tbnijrbtiT of Edmund 
Kerendon, niepoiir.of Lonilon, bubnd si^veral 
childrE>n, and Wood sliiK'n cliiil snme nf bis 
poaterily lived al Ilalflt<Ul Itrond Dnlt, I'^>x. 
Ho piililish"'! : ' Commnn plaee^ of CliH*- 
lian IUdi|;ioii, filtered by W ulfguiiptis.Mti*- 
OuluK, for lbt< vBo of Bucho a^ dyeire tiie 
knnwlwlgn of Oodly tnilUe, tmnflated out 
of Latino inloKngbtili.'. Hereunto an? added 
two ot her treat i-ii-a. mndi' by'' wimn A iiMinr, 
one of Othos, and on olher a( V«iirye,' I.ond. 
■ ■%'{, fo]., with dedieation to .\rchbUbop 
I*iirl(»tr; reprinted London, \h7f-. itn. 

iAmcB's Typoftr. A ntlq. (Herbert 1, ['p. iJOS, 
; Cat, of'MSS. in Vloiv. Libr. Cambridg*, 
if. i;8, ITft; Koat«r'*AlamiiiOxon. IMO-ITH. 






in.WU; E>jiw'«SucePKpei«,p. «73i Lodge's 
rUtwtntiaiA Snd odit., u 137; Muriin's Suto 
Prnpcn, pp. 'ii, T6i; Oxford UdIt. K<|ti>irr 
(Bmm), i. leO; WnlMtta Wyltahiun, p. S96 ; 
Wttt'a Bilil. Brit. : Wooa> ITiit. et Antio. TTaiT. 
Oscn. i. 3U : Wood's Alliens Oxon. CBIlm), i. 
3««; Wrighru Eluabefb. i. 3*7. 219.] T. C. 

lOTiT), J-'wUIi ihoolo^Kn nnil chief fulTocntn 
of ihf m»iIiiii(Mon of thn Ji>vra tn Mnijlntid 
nndt^ ibK Cnmmon wealth, born in IfUM in 
PortooBl, probablr ac Lisbon, was eon of 
JowpE biat bnel, one of tlut Marafioe (i.e. 
Jewi who pro&Mpd Clirislianity but wcretlv 
nractifieti Jadnii>m in tlu> Spaaisli D^nmBul&i, 
117 bi* wifo lUche) Sooira. Tho tamily sii))- 
aoquoiitlir piuigntm) U> Amsterrliuii, wh«ni 
(education of HanosMliwiw ••nirii»l('(l til 
i Euac Uiid, a dUlintruii'Iuf'l Inlruudiit 

pbv&ician. Manau«li proved an apt 

pupil: he studieii fllmost every bnoch of 
initrwli>'lfr^. while bisattractiTo nuanen and 
hifb-minded character gained him nameKMia 
fnanda in tlw bort society of iVrasmdam. 
B«aidM H»br»w nod oth4>r*S^iniiic dtaiKU, 
ba wa* tkoKM^tilT aninatntM with I^tin, 
liab, Dutch, ami Knffliih. Ili« miuter, 
liiri Iwiae, died in IGiN), and two tabts 
SInnasseh, althou/^Ii only eigntoen 
_ old, WM appoiniMl his sui?c#scor as 

ltt)iliM«r nnd t<tac]i«r of the AiustwdAm 
tyvtgaguti known as >iAT«lv-8ha1om. Ho 
intmaiad himtalf in nil t)i« thi<ologt(Mil 
eOBlfOVeniea of tht day, end CKrUtiiiu 
■eboiar* listened wirb intitn^^t t^ liis •r^u- 
BOnta. He Booti countird I^nnc VoMJui anil 
Ilttgo Orotius aninnif his fntiids. With 
naoy of his contomporaries lie shar>Kl an in- 
clination toworda iBysttcism, but Ins w»rk* 
do not show much koowlgdin of thu Knhbii- 
lab. He waa oon^nncKl of tbo immiaout ful- 
filment of ibe M«Miani« propliocivs qC tliv 
BiUe, aii'l wu confinnvd In tbi* belief by ihv 
story told by n certain Aaron Le\i,aliiuAti.- 
lotuus Muiiteiinus, and leadily accepted as 
true b^ Uaoaawb, ofthediscoveiy af the lost 
l«n triboa hi ths Ammcaa lodiana (see 
Uaxawbm, ^te» laroeti*). U'u salnrr bning 
•mail, bo eumlemirtitvd his iDci>mu bv csta- 
blisbuii;inlHi?(!, for tbv firxt tiDi»,afiobn)W 
print iu^-nrvM ut Arasttirdam, and thus was 
ibe fotader of Hebrew t,rpOfl:Tapb]r in H»l- 
laad. Wlien in coarse of time mmpi-iitiiii) 
reduced tbia source of income, hv ivaolved 
(IMO) to emiffiato to Bnuil, but waa di»- 
f uadrd by his oirads. 

Mi n asich at an early tiga rvtolved (o do 
wbai he could in improve the condition of 
tka Jews in Europe, by necnring' for ibpm re- 
admiaaion to CDunLnR* still closed to tbem. 
Haima^aeJtiut iJi<:rcMoniionoflb«Jews 

must ht preceded by tlwir disiKnirtn into all 
parts of tbt! rarth. Ro thut this ronilition 
mijibt be fulfills), he vma especially desin^us 
tkat England should be opened to them. 
Since Edward I'a edict of 1290, thu Jews 
had DO Icgnl rigbt to reside in Enjjland, and 
ahbough afewnad settled there ^aee I^pkk, 
RiODr.iti<)<)],th*<irposttion wasinaeciin>. The 
rKlBiimtxlM'twi><nHollaniland EnKlund had 
Iniii; bn>Ti I'loMt, both socially and ct)miiie[<> 
dally, and Mnnaaseb followed with irreal 
attt>niian ilieooiir*eof ihe mil waiinBiiff- 
Und. lie had wntched the fprowtfa of the 
domsad for liberty of cFin^^ience, and soon 
fgund tlist the rendmission of the Jews into 
Kngland hnd sonw.' powerful «(hocate« tberw 
from fi religious pmiit iif vinw (cf liiffhtu of 
tki' Kinydinn,\iyjQi\JC S*Tii.ers An Afmlwry 
far the Hojiuuraltle Nati/iv of fk* Jeu-a, )iy 
Ed. Nicholas, and thi* peliiicin of Joliuniie 
and EbeiK-ier Cariwnglit,dated^.laD. I&19, 
for the rewlmiieion of the Jewe). In n U'ller 
to an Kii^lisli coTTea^ndent in St>ptember 
ltU71i»ai>(^ribwl the mtsaneftofilio civil wan 
to divinii punlslunont forwninfiv doni.1 to tlid 
J^w* {ifarl. MiierJ/any, vii. 5K4). Encnur- 
ap'd by English frii-nds ( Vinri.Jud. -il) ho 
undirTtook after the death of CUarlea 1 to 
petition tho Enj^llsb parliament to fjrant 
pennisdion to the Jews U- settle in England 
Ireelyand ownly. 'ITinrloe ct'cord* {•ftatf 
Paptrt, ii,6S0)th'nt on offi>r was mad-- in 1 64!) 
to thn rotincit of stnto hv Jows (o purchase 
St. Pauls CathL-Jml ami tW itoilltiian l.i- 
brnry for MO.OOO/., but ih* *tory sni'ms im- 
probftbli*, niiJ MenBsw.*h wn.i nt any rule not 
concerned in tbi- mnttcr. In lO'it) bu pub- 
liabed, in Lntin undl^ipauish, 'Spon Isracliai' 
whirh was at once issued in L<^iidi>ii in 
BQ EiifUab translation. In tlxa dtrdication 
to tho En^ish parliament Maaaswb, wbilu 
ocknowled^ng ihvir 'charitable affoction' 
towards the Jews, bvned that tbcr would 
' favour the good of tho Jew:i.' TLc work) 
dvepite some odvecae criticism, wiui favntir- 
nlily received. On 23 Nor. 16A1, ami itjffua 
on 17 l>ec. lt)9i, Manaaaeh aecured a paw 
for trnvclline from Holland to England, but 
circumstances presented hia departure. Ud 
the svcond occiwion, however, Emanuel Mnr- 
tinc* Onrraido, aliiu I)a%'id Abmboncl. ac- 
ccmpanliiil bv MttnmurhVMin,.Samuul, went 
t'> 1ji)nd»u Ui iKM'sonBlly pn-.»rnl- Mnnniwch'a 
jji^ii ion to parliament. Ii wa.i rrcirainx-ndciil 
Dv Cromwelli but its pmyw was refnwd by 
tie coimdl c^ state. 

MaoaanhhimsrlfvinitedltODdon (October 
1666) with his son Bamuel, nod some tn- 
flnencial raembera of the Jewish community 
ID Ani*te!rdam. On SI Oct. he preaenT«d 
an'HumbkAddreM'to the Lord Protector, 

Id wUid) be cntnatnl ihat Use Jews shoaM 
be allowed to ' «xtnl ihir Gniat and Glorious 
TSttM oftb* I'onl in all Ibe bounds of the 
ComiuonwMltb, to ba.T6 their ^jmagMmee 
tn(ltb*fr«*«xerci«e«ftlieiri«ligM»i.' With 
the AddMU be publishMl ■ A l>?clanition to 
tlMCotnnumiroaltbiFltrrwitiff )ii» MoUtm fbr 
kiaoomiii^ to EdkIudiI, liow I'roAt^ble thn 
NatifD of the Jew« an, and how- Faithful 
th« ^a(ioa of lli« Jewa ar«.' On 13 Nov. 
Uf^ Maxtasmh |itiM(cnt«d a further petition 
(oUiuLonl I'rot«ctor, aaking'faini(ljtop«o- 
twl the Jowa; (S) to grant them fr«« public 
■ucciaaof thuir rvligionj (3) theacquisitioa 
af a oaBivtiT>- ; and ( 1 1 frf-nixni tn C ra<!e its 
athan in »ii a^rta of mtrcbaudiH ; (•'>) to 
npinnt on officer to receiro tbcir onlli of 
■luginooo; (0) to Icoto to the bcada of thu 
fjMgoinie 1o decido about difi«rcnc«s be- 
tween Jewn and Jews; {') tc rvpctkl thu 
lawH odvofM to ill*' Jcw.f, 

An a>si;mbly "f lawjiirn aad divioee, ia- 
cludinf; llu^h I'di^ra, Ow-eu, dlantoo, and 
othora, wii* coiiTitiiod by C'riiowell for tho 
iraipdai^ of conidderlDg MoaoMoh'a nr^u- 
mania, and it met thrica in December. 
Orainwell, vrho pmidcd, aubmicbcd two 
QtUMtiona- 1. 'la it lawrul to readmit Lh« 
JsiraP' 3. 'UnJcr what coiidiliiinH aliall 
Mcli noiloiiMioa tahi! jdaceP' The ftret 
waa anawored iu the atHnnatiTtf; on the 
•ncond point there waa auch diverfcciicv of 
o^nion tbnt no doriainn wna arrired nl 
faw L'orr.iiiu, J-UrUia'asfical lii'tt. rlVi. -tK); 
Mrmiriu* F'MiftiJi, WiT]). A hcntpil imin- 
plih't war ffillowt«]. I'rjTinf opimiihd SFii- 
nsaaoli in 'A 8l("rt Iifmiurntr Iu the JeW 
InnK-dianintinueil Ili^mitltir into EajfUnd,' 
BotT MnusMoh raplind iu bii ' Vindtcm Jn- 

Tlw halting remit of tlia coufenrnce seemed 
niwatiiftntnry to ManriwHli. But Mvclyn. 
nndar ilato 14 Vix. |fliVi,wn.itB, 'Now wcni 
tlin .l"W» ndmittixi ' {THiiru, i. ilt7). and it 
ia c«rliiin tlml Jcwn fiirtiiwilh mccW in 
fxindiHi. Onimwcll made important concf'*- 
aiona to tlu-ni. Tbi'v bought a sito for a 
sumctray, and noon nftcrn'ords opened a 
iynngoffuo. AlanasHGh's eflbrtii thus proved 
nucoeaaful. Meanwhile bi> waa Ivft by lii^ 
fViondain I^ondim wit bout miwi^tuid .>nnn 
■ppaal toCroniwr'll bnwAi uTMntodnnnnnual 
ponuon of 100/., hut on 17 Nov. I<f5~, jiml 
after the d«atb of bin «i»i Siunuel, wlien lio 
WM in need of means to tLarry tbu body to 
Holland for'buTial,h'ea.ppoali'do3«cond time, 
and TecL'ived WO/, in lipu of thi> simuni pon- 
aion. Ho retumi>d to Holland, and diod on 
liii way home in Middlcbura, 'M Niiv. IfViT, 
llo married lUcln'l.a tfK-iit-^nnddntig'htPTO'f 
Don Imao Abrabanot, who etaiowd to Iraw 

hit padigiM M> KiBf David. He h^d two 
Booa: Jwoph id. ](14« in LaMin>and Samuel 
(d. 16S7 tnliondan ), and on« datKbtwr oaiaed 
Graee. An etched portrait of Mftnnaffch by 
Benbnnde belot^ to Miu Goldsmid. A 

Eiin I it^ fln titled ■ ManiiM<rb bca Israel bvfoic 
romwell and his C■^ullcil,■ bv S. A. Hart, 
U.A., ia in poaaeoainn of tfao 6«t. J, da K. 
Williana. A tvplica belooga to Mr. F. 1). 

Maaaweh'a work«, apart from thow alroad; 
noticed, are : 1. ' Pnc Rabba,* in Hebrew, 
l)iii reviocd edition of n biblical index to 
l<abboth,^V]i)i>t<.-rdam,lfaS. ^. • El CntMulia- 
dor,' in i^fMUutib, a rcuoncilcnKnt of apparent 
c>irttriidictiona in the fcriplu !«.■>, FraiikTun, 
ifltioD, br E. Q. Lindo, waa ntiblLihrd in 
Loudon. IM^. S.'DeOreatioiie.^Pniblrraata 
XXX., AmatenUm, 1685. 4. 'I>o Rvsottcc- 
.\mrit<.'niani, I'i^W. fi. ' Dc Ttrmino VitiB,* 
in Latin, on (he InnKth ormnnVlifp,wbetb«r 
il ia prl^lel(fnIlill<.>d or chnn^-ahlc-, Amatet^ 
dam, \\Vi9. 1!. '],a Frairiliind Humana,' on 
humnn weakneM and divim* awistancs in 
good work, Amsterdam. 164?, 7. ' Ni.'dimatb- 
' littv3'in],' «n tho immortality of thtr anal, 
in Acbruw, ADUtcxdora. 16.M. ». • Piadia 
Ifloriovt CI de la cstatua dr Nobuchadaeaar/ 
nn ernlannlinn of pituagM in th» book of 
Daniel, llioo. A Grruiiui;*)ntion of t lie 
■ ViiidicijK Jud.-voruiu.'by .Marcu« Hunt, with 
a preface Ity Mnses MfodelkMihn, w«» pub- 
lished both at liei-Iin and Stettin in 17et:i. 

f\VoIf'»Bil>!. Hcbr. iii. 713; Stmnwlineidet^s 
CiU. Blbl. Hclir. in Hibt. Ttorll. p. 1046; Kay- 
acrlii^K* Miwinx^oh bonlanMl (JDiirbtiL'li fbr die 
Ooch. d(tr Juili>tt, II. 63 aqq.),' (tmcla'a Oa- 
»chi*Ltt der Jmicn. x. S3 *'in.; Lndnn WoIfB 
Kwieillflmfnt ni' ths Jow» (J*wi»1i <.'brouicla, 
lB87,189fl); Ciil.St4ioPaMm,l<li'i-7! ToTer'a 
Anglin Jiiilnirn; IHiviolIoa SlcMi^bat of AnRKK 
J«vt«h HititDTy; Aa'a IJIographiirh Woonlen- 
buok dar Nndnrlnndmi. xii. 131.] U. F-a. 

MAMBY. AAKON (ir76-l850;i, an^- 
n«er, eeconcl euii of Aaron Manby of Kin^ia* 
tun, Jamaica, wtif- bom at AlbnsAton.Shro]^ 
fbtrs, I'l Niir. I77«. Ilia mother was June 
l.ani', of The ljin<u! of Itunili-y. who assisted 
Cliarliw II to I'si'mir frtim HriKirobcl uftOTthe 
bnitlt'orAVore.'fttiT [*i'« ynd<T l.ftxn, .Iwe], 
Mauby'« earlv venrs won', ii in Vlinvi'd, auwt 
in a bank in Ili« Idle of Wig-bt, but in 1818 
he was in bn«.inefi« ot Wolvrrhomptanaa an 
ironmasii^r, and under tliat defn^ription took 
ont It |inti>nt in that y-i&x (No. 3706) tea 
Htiliains thii nifiiHK'Hlag'from fclwt fumaoea 
liy (loalinf; it into briclia and buildiiu'blacka. 
Aboat tuia time he founded the Hoiselej 

iBtmvodn, "CptoB, whortt hn euried on the 

The oonocra U •ttll in «Kisl«noe. 

la 1^1 U tuok uut ft patont (Xv. 45o8) 
for n fona of steam eugiiw 8}h»rJ1j »ppl!c- 
ftblc fur auritie purt>oee*, wtucb ha nlloa ku 
oacilUung eneine, by wk^di iubw it bu boon 
Icncnm vrei Binc«. lli^ wi« net the origittnl 
iarantorof tbie rorm of «n^iiic, wliicli bad 
been ptopoMid br Willium Murdoub [u. v.] 
in 17*», tmd twti-titcd by R. WUtj in 1811, 
but he wu tin; lint to intrwluee it pnctt- 
Cftlly. Hf tiUit p«i>-nted tb« nscilUtiod: en- 
eiiu-in FniiKv in tli«' Mmr-Tenr, and included 
in the ajwcitiiitiioD a claim for mabing ibipn 
■if iron, ant) an ini|iri>v«d fDAliicrin^ paddlv- 
wbi^el- n<^ nowcomnicflccd the buildingQf 
itoa B(«amahipn, nnd l)ic limt, Uu- Aorciu 
Slaabji 1 30 fwt 1<>n^ and I >t ft-t;t b«aiu, was 
nado at TTorwlrT nnd ninveynl in pjixesio 
tiw Sum-y Canal I>iK-k, where it was put 
togr4brr. Il w«Jt triMl oil tLeTIumce on 
May \>>-ii {.yfominy Chr<miL-U. 14 Mny 
1323). StTaoby was ondearourin^ t>i> foim n 
oompany Ui ft»tabliah a Udf' 'if )<tcnintrrA id 
France, and among; Hw penmns inU'n-vtM in 
tbvMhvm^wa^Captainlnftrm-nrds Admiral) 
Ohsrlr« NnpiiT [q, v.] Tlio Aurou Manby, 
with Napi«riu command andCluirles Manby 
[q. r.) aa mtrineer. left ilu^ Thames In thv 
Mrljpart of Jiine1:<'2:^, and arriv^ in Pnrit 
tn tha (urprise of the inhabitants on ihi; 
11th of that rocordedin the'Coo- 
stiiotionnpr i>f thi.> l.'ji.h aod tlw ' D6biit* ' of 
the Itltb. TiiU Wi llw> firot iron «bio which 
ervT went to H^a, and it wn.* nlao tlie flrtt 
rcMel of any hind wliicli bad mode the 
rojm^ fWnn London to Parii. The boat 
QUed to ply npou the Seine for muy 
, and it waa still ranning in ISls. 
th«r iran veawl was afterwarda made. 
In I6I14 .Manby foonded nti rnginooring 
works at l.'bar*t)ton,i)»«rPnri«,lt"'ninnagB- 
m4>o(of trhiclilKMiitnutddiu Daniel WilMin 
of Dublin, a cbeinint who wad ibo first to 
pat«iitth« OMof ammonia for mnavin^aiil- 
pluitett«d bTdiDgen from gas. Tbo Charein- 
Um aatabtiahment was of great imporUnni, 
and gave rise to the fbnnation of many 
RBtilar worin in FrancH. In \^'ia a ^d 
nadal waa awardaid ti-> thi- hxindt-rt: by the 
SocaMt d'Eoeouragnmont A vrry fall Biv 
OMiat of the foundry » giT<>n in (he < Bnlle- 
Hn' of thL- tncittr for thai year, p. 123, 
Upward* of fi\«: "imndpud workmen wen' 
tfa«a coipIoTod it^e nl<^ JimJMiH, Wif^ p. 
S96.aDdl^3:Sp.S&4). 'I1ie effect of Manbv'a 
eflbrts was to i«od*T France Uri^Iy indo- 
peodont "f IStiiflUh ■'n^ir-biiildcr*. who for 
a time diiptay»J toam rtacntmont o^tiat 
bin. Thia fooLitig comca o«t itrongly m tbo 

•nduM ^r«n b-fure the [larllameniary eom* 
mittM on artisans and roaohinerr in XHA 
(«M B^rf, pp. KJO-^Sip. On 12 May 1821 
Manby, in conjunction with Wilscm and ana 
Henry, took out u p«t*^nt in France for tb« 
manufncturo iinii piiriIi<^ftlion of pu, anil alao 
for what was then callud ' portable ^' — 
that ia, comproMcd gaa to be tuppUed to 
coiuumcis in *trong nverroin. In 5lajr 1839 
Manbk'und Wilion obtaiuvd n conocmonfor 
ligbltng I'aria witb m», and, nritwithiitand- 
in;r 1b« stroiij; op^iOMlinn of a Hvat Krendi 
company, thy Maabv-WiUofi Uouipany, or 
Oompocnio AnsUise, existtKl until 14*47. A 
copy of the rvport of the ti'^al proceedinsa 
botwflrn tbc two coinfmnir* is prccBBrrcd in 
llio library of tlic Innlitnlion of Ciril Engl- 
\w<an. It wan ptfwnti^l by l>ani«l Wilson 
to Tbomna TKlfirJ, ami iHvinvallind by tlia 
laltfT to the in^itulinn. It in Huid tlial the 
Knt;lisb Cdmimiiy waa aciiiuHv thr iirii to 
fluppty p^ to tlio French cnpital. tn IS^ 
Manby and his friirmis purchased tlieCivusot 
Ironwork!, which wpn- rcorjrnniscJ nnd pro- 
ndrd with tu-v and impnin-d machinery 
miid« at Cliari'iitou, and aljuiit l.wii yeara 
nflcrwanl* llu! twn riiucirrn* wetti ninal^^ 
mated under the tit!*.- of >>aciei^ Anooyme 
dra Mines, Foiges et Foti'leriea du Oeunot 
et de ChareotOD. A report dated XHi^. pv- 
ing a liistorv of the nnterprise, is preserved 
among the I'elf'inl trnci* in lh« library of 
the Institution of Civil l^tigiticers, Manby 
retumod to Kiigland abrmt 1H40. when he 
went to naide al I-'utliuni. i>tnioTiit){ aft.i.<r> 
wards to Hyde, lale of Wight, and subM^ 
qnentiv to SbanUin, where he died I Deo. 

Manby was twice married : firat, to Julia 
Fewater, bv whom he had one ton, Charles 
[q. T.]: anD, svconclly, to Sarah llsskins, by 
wDOmhebad onadausrbtttr,Sarah,Bfldtarue 
•on«,Jofan Richard (It^lS-ISOO) {tm Proe. 
/«*/. C»"ff. iSaff . 3C«. we), Jowph Laii." ( 1 81 4- 
18tS2) (*. ixii. 029), and Edward OUrer 
(IS16-18ftl)(iA. xxiv. 5S3). Tlwy were atl 
ciril en^^neers, ptaotisinff moBtty abniad. 

A portrait waa exhibited at Ibe Loan Col- 
lection of Portrait* at South Konflngtcn in 

[Maobv'a aarly engi uteri ngwvi^ is deacribcd 
in Vroc Init.CiT.Eoe.lSi:! p. 188, 1843 p. 180. 
IStfi pp. SO, 9f!: CrantltAni'* t^hipliuilding in 
Iron and SlncI, lSt2, pp. S-S; GUI's TKhntcal 
lUpotitofy, 1831, i. 388. 411. it. 68. Tbo Um 
KnaincerforDeeeDilM-r 18S2 eontaini a notiea 
nf liii wotIl in connection with ths lisbttng of 
Paris with fFML Sao aim Matima du Cbnp'i 
artidfi ' L'BcUtia^ i Paxia ' Id Reno das dcoz 
MnniJM, June 1873. p. T8Q. Primte inflmoa- 
tion fmtn a nonbtrof thefamily,] R, B, P, 

MAliBY.CIIAKLES (1804-1884), ciril 
•>tif(inecr. and ietreury to tlie Instilulioii of 
Civil Ka^Bwn, elilMt ioa n( Auron Maaby 
[q. v.l, WM bom on 4 Feb, iMOi. He t^ 
ceirod liis i>urty educatian nt a lloman 
CBllintic Op ID in fir)', n'lii<nc>.< lie wa« iu>nt in 
]fi 14 ra tli« Hi'iui-imlitiiry roll'it^i- of ^I. Scr- 
vnii, IlriJtiuiv. Hi* imcK», CtijiLoin Jnwijih 
Mittihy, ]irivul*< stpn-tarj- ntid niJt-ilisMUiiP 
to I)i4) Dulie of Kent, bad iJreatly obtainoa 
a cominiseion far Iiim, but llie prospect of 
peace c&usi^d liiin to clmn^<^ liii^ plan«, and 
fie juineil Lis ffll.lmr n). Hnrsitli.y ironworks, 
ancf nstisted iti building tlni liisl iniiisluiia- 
boof [«ei! JIaxbt, AiHosl Hn iiho «u|)*:r- 
inu-nclBd lUo erecliftn of the first pair of 
oaciIln.tin(7 marine enffinea «veriiiade, wlilcli 
Wert' placed in Ik^O ia the Itritannia, a 
packot on lli« Hover and Calais gULioti. 
Miinliy's drnwinCT f»f tlwiut pnjfincs (ire in 
tho ]i>iHg(je«inn iif llui Inxt.iuitii'in of Civil Kn- 
EnniTAN. About IK:i:i Jinnby prorceded to 
Pnris In take chafft* of th« *gii»works esta- 
bljMbed thew by hi* f«tb<sr, and lie aiibae- 
qui>ntlr au])i'rint*nd«i bis father's foundry 
at Charenton. After a shon sray nt ihu 
Cri'usot irojitporlw, which his I'nthnr hud 
undertftk«>n to ivorgnnitc, hli■wll«Mnploy^d 
by thtj tobnoci) de|)firtniLiil of tbe trencU 
govnrnnn'iit, unit lufalsfi received a commis- 
«on in the French military etipneers. In 
1829 he MumeJ lo Enghmd and fftftk tho 
muuaK^in^nt of the IWnfnrt ironn'orhii in 
South Wiiles, unit, nfl«r spi-ndin^ a abort 
timo at tb« Fbbw Vale irf>nworkji and* 
BrUtol ironworks, be e»tabliabed himself in 
Lntidon in ISSS to a civil irnKinwr, tn IWJK 
he became cuiineclvd with Sir John Ko«*'» 
mterprisu for runninj; ntenmRm to Indiit, 
which vrat ^vcntiiitllT abfrnrbaid by llic I'on- 
IiuiiIjU' and Urioutal Cvtnpnny. Hi- rdin> 
quisbed hi* privntv prncticu in lH3i>, whvu 
na was appointed accivtary to thv Inslitntion 
of Civil Knginccn. Hi- pcrforin«xi tb"diitiM 
of the offiiTD fur »oi'fnti'r>n vent* with con- 
snicuous snccw*. Upon bit rctircni'.-nt in 
1 856 a aerrlou of pUl« and a imnw of 2,IXXW. 
were prtwnted to him, nnd Lc wus <.d«tt-d 
honorary eecnL>tary. In IB03 the Uoyiil 
Society' electod him u fellow. Ho wa* n 
nu-mber of the Inliiniat ioual L'ommiMi'.'n 
which met in Tarii for thu purpoM of con- 
ridurinir lh« ft-a-tibillty of coiutructiuK th« 
Sues Ciuial. Ilii* pnrfi^ct commaail w the 
French Inn^nf^ wiui of couaiderftblo Htrice 
In mnintniniDe n f:ood undentanding Im- 
tWMHi thp cnpni-are'socioticii of London and 
Tuh. In IfliM he hi-ljied to »t»Wi»b tli« 
EiiKinmriuid liflilvray^ oluul«>rSl»ffCoip«, 
in which he held the post of ndjntaai with 
the rank of licutrmuu-coloncl. 

Ha dUtd in London on 3lJalT 1884. H« 
was tu-ice msiried: first, in 1^30, to 31ii 
Elli-n Jatiea of Jleaufort ; and secondly, in'' 
lf^')8, tn Harriot , da lighter of Major Xicbolna 
Wiilnrdofiliitttmya, EristbonmtJ,nndwido'w 
of Mr. \V. C. Flood, formiTly n partner ini 
thn piibliahing house of Whiiulmri; Co. Haj 
b'ft no issue. 

[Prgc. of th« Innttulioa of Oiril Boiiina 
l»xi, aS7 fpurtmit).] R. B, P. 

ISol), inventor of nppnratns for eavinff 
from abipwreck, son of Mntllww Ppppef'' 
Manby, captain in tlm 1i\>tBh fuBilinrK, was 
bom at Dt^nver.nttarDownhamMnrk-'t.Nor- 
folli. -JH Nov. ITU-'i. Tb(>ma< Manby 1 1 :6BP- 
l»;W.^[(|.\'.]wa8 luByounperbrotboT. H«waa 
sMit To II jipfidnl nt Downham iiept bvTliomaa 
Ntxdw and Willijim Chatham, where he bad 
for hia st'huolf'dlnw Hnrntin Nelson, withal 
whom he fortni-d a cine* intimacy (cf. iJ^tr-np- V 
tiimitfthe yfh'tnMxiteumat Yni-m^titA,\»A'&, 
IVeface), lie wad siihscqnimtlt tran*fi-rr«d 

lo ft school at Kramley, JlidJleV'X, and waa^ 
aftcrwBnlii! plncpd under Reuben Itunov ^ 
[q.V.I, thfn fi-nchur of nint bi-inntics in the 

military d m win jj- room at tlm Tow.^r. A(l«r 
a short time bi^ t'nt-cn-d th-' Itoyal Military 
AcodoniyaT Woolwich, hut in i^onuiiiioDe* 
ofiidtdny in obtaining a C'^tmmiB^ton in th* 
artiUnn,- he joinfd the Canibridj.'vsbirv mi* 
lilia, ftvt'Utuiilly Attaining; tilt- r*uk of cap- 
tain. He niarriid in 174,"* tli-i only dau;^- 
t*rofDr. I*reaton. and w«nt to xiiiido near 
Di^nvrr, bntinlHOI domeMic troiiblH, whoa* 
rharnc^ter 13 nnknown, <-aup<i>d liim to loava 
hame. He settled at Ciif^.-n. near Brtatol. 
devnlinit binuelf to litnrarv nur«uita aa a 
means of distraction. In lk)l be broujriit 
out 'The Hi*lorv and Anliquiiits of SL 
llavid'e,' followecf by ' Skclcht-* of tho Hia- 
torrand Xnlurnl Itwuties of CUfton,' 1803^ 
and 'A Qiiide from Clifton to tUt- CountMW 
of Monmouth, Glamaipm, &c..' iu 1802, all 
of which are illua'.ratcd by cngravioiirs Itckb 
hiaowndrawintt*. In I80S be wrote a pam- 
phlost Mititlfd 'An EnKlieLumn'a RcfloxioiM 
on thu Aiilhor a{ thn I're-cui Ui«t-urbaiiCM|' 
in which he dealt with t!»t tlit«alened inra- 
sion of ICnffland by Xnpol«>n. Thin work 
attraclod the? notice< of Charles Vorke, titea. 
KMTetarv at war, and in Auifiut 1803 Maabj 
received the appointuvnt of bairack-ouatU' 
at Vannontb. 

Ilia att«ntion was first tiLined to the rain 
JMt of abipwwicks by witnrKjiai; [be Inn of 
th« Snip^' cun bng: oil' Yarmouth during tba 
storm of February I«07, when oixtr-eovon 
panonc pirrish..-d wjlhin tixty ymr^ of the 
•hore, and 147 bodi*a www pick^l up aloag 

t)i» cout. In consi<lering a means of rescue 
it occDiTeKl to liim that thi> tiret ihiii^ was 
to eBtabluh a comotuiiicstioD wlih the fbotv. 
KaBemberao' that bf luiil whon a ymitli 
Gmd a Tine utm I>ownhimi Churrli, hn 
;id rinin llu.- botrd of ordniiHm! tbi: loan 
moiur, a»(] m Aiigiut uud Sepn^mlier 
' b« odubtbxl lone exporiracmu to thu 

oftheSaBbUtHumaiie-Socielj-. The 

SMMntiw was anoMeefutlj (iB«d oa \'j Feb. 
iWHntiliewrocborUiebnicBliiiilt'th. TIm 
iDTPnlinn had bMtn submittal to the IxiArtt iif 
(W<iD*niH>, wita r>-portMl upon it in Janiiiin' 
IHO>^, and it made nieh rapid pro^ss in 
pnbli-! rnrourtbat lUu navr board began lo 
«ap[>iv mortars. Jet., tovari^^us $tntiftUK miind 
Ibr cuias! in lli« I'arly part of thut yiNir. lu 
1810 the apiiaratus wu invtwtigiilt.i.1 bv a 
MBuuittMi of Dm Uotue of Ooiiiiiioii§, aixi >b« 
report vra* Anlonrtl to b« printml S*S Mnrcli 
St tlio aamc yt-or. Further pnptrr* wcrn isaund 
7 Dec. l^lSand 10 Jiinc ISiU. Manbj <rm- 
bodivi tbv rcaullfl of liif nork in a patnpUlnt 
|>ubUBli<;il in ISlif, enlitlud 'An L»iiy on the 
PrtBerMxti<M of ^)iipw'n:<:kL-<J Penona, with 
I>eM:n[)ti\« Aciviuiit of thv Amiiiratua and 
the Mannar of Uaiaf( il,' nliicU Itaf be-?it rt^ 
printed ia aaaydifleroatfonnB, InlB^iOtbo 
nJ|}CCt again came before ;he House of Com- 
mona, on Slanbv'* potition for n further n>- 
warJ. rptnthat time KO livo* bail bi-co 
•aTttl bjr ait u{i)) Thr cnmnutltii: n— 
CommendtNl tliL- pnvmMit to MaiiW of ^,000/. 
(d: Purliammtar^ P-qn-r N<1. 2t)<i of IS*?). 
The n^ oftbeaiiparatuHvnuluftllyesItiiiileil 
to other muDrries. anu Manby received 
namrmuB mcdalB, which are described and 
Uliu<Iratod!n a pamphlet publishod b^ him 
in Xr^t'J. Tbtrrc an; now 8l>2 stations la the 
United Kinedmn wlwri! fbc flp|Himru» in in 
nae, SiocelSTS.howerBT. tbr niortimtlmve 
been tupenmled by toiM-H-arrvirij nK-liMin. 

Man hj'« claim baa b^n illapuiHii bj the 
friends of IJenten&Dt Ifell. who in 180? pre- 
■eoted a aontcwhat Himilar plan to ibe Bo- 
Ciatrof Artu (»ee vol.x. oftbe TranMirtt'ont 
of toal farxly), and a iirratuitr of b(*l. was 
awarded to llw* inventor. Bell'ti idsa wa« to 
tfaiDW ft rnp>- from the nhip \a iht Aon ; 
Uantij'aplan r«verMa tbi* onliDr of procadure. 
Ifaaby u*o iDt«reat«d himwtf in tbo im- 
fVOnoUBt of the lifeboat, and about I HI 1 be 
■nlmitled his new boat lo the iiarv board. 
npon of the trial is contained in th^ 
ly Experiment Book No. 3,' jpreserved 
t§ tbo sdraifaltr papers at the Public 
'BMOni OSes. Tim btul wn* tnpd again at 
Flynooth is l^6{Medt. .Va^. Augimt 1826, 
|L 30^, bat it doM not apjtear to linvo 
n into general uae. He aUo dir^ted 
;ktt«Btion to the extinction of fires, and 

ha vas tliP firtt to suff^t tba appAmtus 
now knoim an the ' eitiiict«ar,' cou&isling 
of a portable VMsel holdinfra fire-cKtin^iBb- 
iiii; solution under prcwiirv. This Vaaex- 
bibiiod biifnre the bamck mmmiwoners id 
March iHlft, and nlw nl W'oolwi^rh. bifnroa 
joint committ<-e apniiinlMl by ihi^ ndmimitT 
and I be board of orananco, oa .SO Aug. 1816. 
On the same oc^mujoq h* showed hia ' jiunp- 
iaj-^heet,' for eftteLin;j pera'>nj when jumj^ 
injrfrom biimiiijr building (Grti/..U(«^. 1818 
pt. i. p. a7l, pt. ii. 11, -JTO, IHin pt. i. p. 351 ; 
/I/*-.*. .Vrttf. -2 ttfi. IsS-V, p. Stilt. Tbo snb- 
JHcl il further licalt with in Manhv'* ' KsMy 
on tht' Extinctiiin unci I'n'vviinlion of FiMM, 
with the Dc^eriplK^n of tho Appantiun fc»r 
Hf'»c;uin); Pcr»i':i» fnnn Hgiuca wnvcloptd in 
Fiuiiit^B,' Loiidou, IH-tO, 

Aboal IHIS Ik- coinineuc«d expvrimeuta 
witb A view to tbv iiT>?vi.-iitiou of «cci<J'?ut» 
on tho ic9, and on l!' .'an. |HU b>.- read a 
paper bcforo the ll':>Tal ILiunaac Soci-.'tv, «m- 
i>odyin{i the r??vilt< of hi« luaful la^um. 
The |Nipcr, which containn ntuauroua illua* 
tnilions, waa printed in ihu ' UrntU- man's 
.MitKiuiiie,' IHI t, pt. i. u. I'Jii, and ulwi in (he 
' Mia-luuiics' Matfatiiiit. Januury l^:^U, p. 218b 
lu ISSiho publiabed'A Di'gcription of la- 
alruSQsnta, .\ppHra[uit,and Means for ^rinf 
PoraonB from Dmn-nine who break throiien 
the Icf.' &c- Ho WELji rk^ctrd n fellow nf Iho 
Itoyal Society it) iKtl, Mmiby died at hia 
hoii.*^ at Southtowii. YaraniiilL, If* No*. 
Ifl.'i4. Mix 6rBi wif- dird in I81-I, and in 
ISIB hn married S-'pliia, dauKbter of Sir 
TbomaaGoocbof Beiiucrt! Hall, ^tifiolk. She 
di*.I 1 Oct, 1&13. 

Tlnrc is a portraitof Manbriatho' Euro- 

nn Maf^azinc,' July lHl3, and another in 
ispiimplJIrt di-nrnhiti|rihe nirdalnim-jM.nitf'd 
U) bitn, ttlrcjulv ri-frrn-il t«. Thr print rmm 
Hi the BriliHli Mnvitmu [lO.'isi-s.'tHstbnt^ nlhrrH. 

Til addhiori to tbi- works alrt'adv men- 
tioned Manby wtot*: 1. ■Journal of a Voy- 
aff^toOn-enland/ISSi. 2. 'Rollection,*upon 
the Practicability of Ilecoverine lj<wt Qrmn- 
liind.' l-'SS. 3."' Him- fnr Improvlnjr lli« 
Criniinnl l^aw, with Sitfigiutiona for a new 
Conrict Colonv." Isill. A. ' Itemiiiinefocmi,' 
laiti. :■. ■.\'D.'i«Tipiion of the Nelson 
MujH'umalPedeslal House.' Yarmouth, 1849, 
The chief ranlenli are now in the niiLHeum at 
Lynn. A volume letlpred ' Cuptain Manby'a 
Appamtus I8IOI0 1 '*2Q,*(ireservwl among the 
Ordnanoe Papen nt tlie Public Itacoml Olfico, 
contnins a laiy? niimbi'r of ^lanby'a original 
l«tt.(ini and omcial r«]N)n.sof the trials ^liis 

[Anth^jritio* ia addition to Ihoaa dt«d : Goio* 
p«an Mag. July 1813; Omt. Uaf[. 18SI pL ii. 
paMlin, IB65 pt. i. p. 308 ; BamimBoeneM. 1830: 



Ills life Boat. Jnnnarv IMS, p. 1 1 ; Tiblea rtf 
UliBgloLifiiSnlvacood ll)«C(«^'«>if iho Utiitf J 
KiDidam duruift tli« yi'sr (>iiili>d 3n June Ib92, 
pulilttlitid h>- the tkHird of Tndaf Ckwral Ro- 

Cl oDtlioSuivof of th«£Mt(TDOad«Laf Kag- 
1 for llio PurpuM of IfaUblUhini; the Syitem 
for Hvnns; i^^ipwTMkcd Panoiw, IjMiilon, 1813. 
Th* odIj knatm copy of Chi* CrMt ii boau-i up 
with th4 volunio at Onliianea I'lktwni rsferred to 
aboTe.] n. «. P. 

MANBY, PETElt (A 11197). d«sn of 
Deny, bod of Lk«utQnanI-r/>l(iii9l Mniiliy, 
bwaime a sulioUrol'Trinity Colli'p'. niiWin. 
where 111? iiHiU thv ilngrvt'* in nrtit, tlioujih liix 
nuDP (Iws not nppcnr iu the |irintiK! cat^ 
Ic^ttn r>f K'l^U'i"^- Archdimcon Cotton and 
oUi"T writflni stylR him D.D., but it does not 
bMioar timt Le proi^aedetl to thnt depve. 
Aner taJdufTorrlers iuthe eetaklisbed chuivli, 
ti« was appointed on tJ8 Nov. IHHO, Iwinp 
th«B B.A.,toamln<irci»non.rj'"f St. I'fttriclt'ii, 
Dutilin: and on II April IKBtl, being t.linn 
M.A., hewwcnllWitd tothe i^hminpUowhipi^f 
tliat chiirph (OoTTflv, Ftmti Ji/^l. Jiiliem. ii. 
USl, lit! bccnmft cluLpkin to Dr. Micliael 
hoyia, urcbbUlioi* of Uublin, who, dttring 
kis triennial viaitalion iti 1670, collatwi him 
to a canonr/ of tbe catlio'lr'nl cf Kildnr». 
Mnubj" wM pfent^nti-d to itnj dcaimrp of 
IJerrv fu 17 !?cpt., 1672, and instAlli^d on 
SI Dec. lie ah«rwa.rd« Joinvd l.ho ci>do- 
munion of titc ctiurcli of Home in coiu«- 

S|uoncc, »» hill ndvui-siirKi alleged, vf h.if 
itilun; to obtttin a lii»!iopiii:. Junes II 
grauled Uiiu iidi^peu^atinn under jireat 
neal, ilitti-'dl'l July Ul!*S, aulUorUing lum to 
reUuii tliu drantiry of Dcrry. uotwitliatiiiid- 
Iqk bie cltanf;c «f nlipon. In l<^47Lc pub- 
lished *Tlio CiMiBidcrotiona VibJcIi obliged 
Peter Manby, D«tiu orDcrry.tottaibmcctUe 
Cnlboliqitc it''li^i<'n, l)(^c]ic:iitud In lib Grace 
thci Ijoril Primutt' of iTetiud,' DiiLliu and 
London, lOf^r, 'ttu, vp. 19, 'I'h^ 
» dnttil from Publin faatlc. 1 1 .Marcli KlBii- 
Iflfl". Tlie traftliset, altliotigh regarded by 
hi« 'fri»-nds aa inponircvcnible, contmus ntdy 
tbt» iiannl arpiuucnts nddiic«^ by ndyopBlea of 
the papal clflini». Williiitn KrMjr^rj. v,].thcn 
chancoilor of ?ft- "Patricli'.i, mid afterwiinla 
■rchbiahop iif Ihibllii, publiAliMt ii n^idy, 
vliich Ittil Manliy to ivjolo in a book tintii.led 
' ABetorrui'd Cutecliiam, in iwo Dialof^uen, 
OOncvminiT tlm Eng'lisli Itefnnnation, col- 
IdCtedjfor the most part Won! for Word, out 
Historiam, ]>iiblU!i«l for llir infonnation of 
tJlS Pec^lc, Dublin anil Loudiw, IilHT,-lto. 
Tbis wttB mimv-nHl by Kin); in ' A Vindioi" 
tion of th» Answer to ilie Consideraliomi.' 
Dr. WitlUunClagett [q.v.] in England wrote 
■ScToral captious Queariea coDCommg the 


Engliih Rnformalioti, flnt proumed by Deui' 
Manbv . . . brielly and ftillv answered.* 
Landoii, \<sm. tto. In IftftS "JaniM made 
Manhy an alderman of Derry. After tbe 
battle of t lie Boyne, S]aTibyrttlLredlol'''paBW, 
lie died in London in lUHZ, According' to an 
account jtiven bv l»r. Corn*liu» Xarv [q.v.J, 
whn Atl^>nd«cl hini in liis ltu>t momfinui. < ^H 

Hit worhn aru: 1. 'A l^trurto n Noo-'-^| 
eonformiirt 31iiii*ti-'r.' Lniidoii, Ifi"", ■Ito, 
2. ' A brief and pmciieal Discourse of Ab*- 
tinenca in T'\mo of Lent; wberein ia Bhewed 
tbe popular Mistake and Abiuo of thu Word 
SupBtBtition.* llublin, HWa,4to. S. ' Of Con- 
fMsion to a lawful Priu"!. : wbiroin is tTiMt«{I 
of tlie la?t iuil^rm^int,' ].,>indiin. KlHli, 24ino. 
4. • ALett«rtoft Frinnd,sliowin(tth« Vduitjf 
of this Opinion, tbftt i>\*cry Man's St-nae utd 
Iti'iison is to ^uidu bitn in mait^rs of Faith,' 
]>nb!in, 16SB. lio. 

Manby induced his brother liobert, > 
cU-rgymnn of lliw i^tftbliflinient, to join the 
lEouLiiu cburcb. Kohert, .Mantiy b<'nnino a 
friar; he Itift two*fins, liotli of wliom joined 
the 8ociely of Jemi*. IJno of thc<n Mm, 
Pbteb MiJnix (_rf, I72l>, bom in Lcinitef 
in ISt'L, etndicd at Coiinbra, nnd on his n^- 
turn to Irolnnd publisliud ' Remarks on llr, 
Loyd'i>Tran''laliou of the Mvuutpelier 0«1e- 
cki»in,' Dublin, lidJ, Svo, in which fce »t- 
templ>4 to riltow that this c&t&chifoi con tabu 
thecondeninadpriiiioaitionaDf JaiiacQiuenikd 

[Cfrtton's Fwli.if . IflT, 2*!i. iii. 381; D'AItwi^' 
.'lKlibiB]ioi>s of Dublin, p. SOI ; Dodd'a Chimfa 
Hist. iii. 401 ; Jli-i^n'* Cni. of ibe Wth PMrinoi' 
B. J,, pp. 03. C*, Joncw'tii'opotyTntrtji.^lAO, 
151. 4^0. 4S1; Olirer'a Jnwit Collcctiooa, p. 
3(>8; Cnl. of Library of Triu, Cell. Doblin; 
Ware's Writera (Hflrris), p. 267.] T. Q. 

MANUr, THOMAS {f. 1(570-1690), 
Uiid8ca|it,-[jainii^r, id tpoKen of as ' a gOM 
Kn^liah 1 an dskip-pB inter, who hud boon 
EereriLl timo^ in Italy, and conacqucotly 
painted much nft«r the IlAlIan mnnncr.' 
From ^'oMuc's oslnict* from tlm dinrlve of 
Mr. Ik-ole, the hw hand of Mnrj- Btiale [(|. t.J 
it apjit-nr? that ^lanliv was eniploveu to 
juiint in hindncnpt-H in f fit' IkacliRTOuna of the 
portiaiu by her and pnihably other paintoTB 
of the time. Mnnbv brought from Italy a 
large collection of juiet^ircs. which wnro »ci] J 
at tho Itaniiueling Uoiuo in WhitL-hull abnut 

[Bu<lerii!ge'< SapplMnent to Do Pilw's lina 
uf tliu PainUurs ; w^lpolo'i AnccdolM of P»int- 
i(i(t, mi. Wnmnm,] L. C. 

MANBY, THnMAS( 17fl6 ?-lSftt),rear- 
Rdnum.1, of a family KutlLed for many cen- 
turies at Monby in Lincotnahire, was the 


Boa o( >[Mlliew Pepper Munky ot UilfSy in 
Norfolk, li^utvn*Dt of ui*riui.-ii, i»|>laia ta 
tbe Wel»lt fiuilien. uiil aftcrwiims aide- 
de-camp (o Lord Townaliv'iid wbca loi\I- 
lieutcnant of Inrtand (1767-7-). tJcorgo 
William Miinltr 'q. v.] wiw his i-IJ^r brotfacr. 
Wlit-n iieutt-nnnt-2DDcral of the ordnnnce, 
ToirDflb"iid gaTc his aide^P^ain|i'ii aoa, 
Tbomas, a po«t iu tlie deparluifiur, but tbe 
boyi prafrrrinc tn ^ to aea, was euWrud 
OB bcMRi the Ilrieas friRSle on tlie Iriali 
Btation, in l"'^ la ITSii lie was moved 
into the CrgncC sltop, in whicli liQ vont to 
tlie West tadirs. Iln itbs nftcrwardt in the 
Amphion. imd, returning in hrr lo England, 
scrred fnr « idw)rt limi; lit llin TIliLitrioun. 
Tnwud« tlie rod of ITftO bti joinol tlin DJ*- 
oorery, llit-n fittiiitr nut fur a vovii^i- to tin- 
Pacific and the norlb-weal cuatt i)f America, 
under llio cooimnDO of Captain (teor^e Van- 
omnrcr [q- t.1 In ihu beeinninff of 17()3, 
wlwn it wa^ n«««eaary to Miid »ome of tb« 
ofioeri of llio 0«|NKlition to England uiit to 
China [hw RsAiTiiHrast.'Wirj.ux Robert; 
Mriwt:, /ACiHRTl, Manbv irnn apitointed 
maai^r of thi? ('IiAiham brijf. tlii> Dincover^-'* 
oonaort, in wliicb he remain^il for tJia next 
two yp*n, axpi^vd in the anluoiis trnd tty- 
ing wnrk nf the suneT. In 1765 h*> tras 
movtd back into the bisonreiy a« nctioc 
liwitOTiaBt, and on htn arhi.'al in Koelaiid 
WM aonfintiMl to that rank.:;' Oct. 17S>&. 
In l7Btt 1iH wn* a liinilAoant of the Jti«ti.t, 
•ad when HopU Si'ynuMir r(|, v.] was 
prepanni; for an eKjwditioii to t&a l^ciffo, 
Uanbj, at bi!i ivqii^at, waapraiiotod, fi I-'cb. 
1707, to rommaiiil tfao Cnaroii, a 44-cun 
aliip, but nimp<l p»^u/',ngsstorB-Bbi|i. The 
|iiopai<i(l fXD><diiinnwBEnn«rwaTdit coiint«r^ 
aandad, ana lk« Charon wua iMsployed in 
tnUMporlinfT tnMp« to Tr«land durii^ tlio 
nbelUan. It is oMnlionMl that on one ooc^ 
■ion ah« toolc on boiud a thauMsd men at 
Ptumtoiith, landed then at QaBms»7 within 
twwatjr-foitr honff, embcrked another tboa- 
auid in thpir Hea'I.and landMl thewon tho 
fbllnw^njr Hay nt Wat«rforf. SI» was also 
foMCMnllv <!ng»fi<'-l in cnnvoTinif tlio lo<--ivI 
tiMe, ui'l in (■-ruining ngain*t 1I11.1 inn-mv'a 

E"v»t««i. In tW two year* during wburh 
>nb7 connutndMl h<^r h« is *aitl to bavft 
glTMi ' protvctjon 1(1 111 li-*s than 4,"o3 rva- 
•vb. aot on« of which was loit.' 

Ha w»« advancv^ to pott rank 23Jau. 
17W, and towards tbe end of the yeu waa 
npoinlcJ to the Bonlelais, a nimsrlMbl7 
Out and fart roasol, which had U-t^n boiltaa 
» Frrach privatc«r, bul hod fDTtuEuColj bean 
flapt«redun her •ccvnd trip by tho B^Toln- 
twaaaire, henelf » priv, tl».- work of the 

MbniUer. Sim wojitJiougfat a moot beau- 

tiful model, Uiaugti dang^roun from llio wcok- 
ucM of hor frame. Durinel^MlnlK^n-n.icruis- 
ing for aome tisw off tho Axonw, and wm 
afterwards eoployod on the Itliichiuli' of 
Flaihing. Sbi! proved, bowH\er, vt-ry unfit 
fur tliis acrricc. Stio was long, narrow, uid 
low in Lbe wat^r, tuid ooniH>(|uoDlly ao wet 
that ber crew becaina wry sickly. Sh« waa 
therefore ordered to ^plthend, and tbrnoc to 
th«WeBtIndiw. Shesatledai tln^rnd of the 
year with the Andromacbe trlxnie and a luse 
convoy. The convoy wnfl diijiirsiil in iie^e 
nfl* Capo l-lniittvnT, and Manby waa an£T» 
ward* Jtt'iit III Innk out for the strajtul*'" ^ 
the eiuiwarJ r)f Rarl^ndns. On hia way he 
rccapliin^d two uf ihi-m, alnwly pritea to 
n 1-Vnch privati'L-r, uiul on ** Jnn. IHOl 
fi-tl in ^\-)th two ]firga brii;s and a sohooBer^ 
t'o'nrli Fhipt of war, which liad bamt taoC 
lliiihirr by tho Kincmcr of Caycnnn to prty 
on ihi^EiigliibWfrt Indian rtet't. Tlnfarnja- 
meiitof lh« liriip. was vi?ry inferior tu that 
nf the Bontclitis, but tlwy carried u^urty 
twice the number of in«n, ami nnparcntly 
thouglitto carry her bv boarding. No sooner, 
howerer, did tbe Dordelaia opwn litr (iro on 
th» loading: bri^, the CiLrit<u«i>, than tlio 
otborv turned and fted. After a frallaut figlit 
th« CuiMHin struck h(rr fln^, but sbo wan in 
a ftinhiiig oondition, and utiik slionlv aft«r 
(Jahsi. iii. 124; Troidi:, iii. •2l0i. The 
little affair derixed imporiann' from the fact 
of ita aai-iaff the acatu-n-d i^unviiy from a 
very p"eiit dnnf^r. l>iu"ing tlii-yi-iir Monbjr 
wn4 (-Qiployed in nctive cruising, and on tin 
l^N'aiM ho wuN moved into th« Jiino,oii« of tlw 
i*>|iia(}n>n OIL tbi> coavt of !Sl. Uomirtf^io, and 
ill her l\t n'iiiriii>d to Ensland in A-uctuat 

He was shortly aftt-rwaids appoint«d to 
tbe Africaine, a frif^ale mounting 40 guaa» 
in wbiph on the renewal of the war h* wm 
stationed of)' tli'lvootalars, with a ^■^(Ba 
fri)pit« in company, to bio<^lnde txvo lai^ 
Fn*Tic'h frigntoii lying ihoro with troop* oa 
boo-id. This irkaom* wirvico lasted for nearly 
two yeara, whea,the French frif^tea having 
bMn dismantled, and bavin); paned thiouj^ 
the canal to Fliifthin)*, the Africaine joined 
theeqtisdTonofrtheTexel. Aftor«uataininfr 
serious damage in n heavy pJc, she was 
comprltiKl tOKOtoSheemeMtoraSt. Ihenc* 
i,lir,i vra* sent to tho West IndiM with con- 
%'oy. She arrived at IJarbadoa with a cn>w 
of 310 ai«D, in porfvct health. She was or- 
deied to return to Eogland with tbe l>omo> 
ward-bound trade, and to toko on board 
aome invaUds froiu thv ho«pitals> Within 
furLv-«iKht hours after her departnio trcnx 
(-'ariiale Hay virulent yellow fever waa 
raging on bo«rd. Tho tuigeon and tbe 




U*i«tailt-eur)(cu» <li«l on the (cosnd dar, 
MAnbr liiuuelfacCud in tlwir plncc, and, tir 
tlMMTtco of « (tocUir ftl Kl. kitt*, dealt nut 
luge doaos of calainel. llui the >LU\i«tv 
brouKht oa an Bttark ot lliii fever, wbicb 
iiiiir^' proTrd fatal. At Tortol& n surgeon 
wiu piwurtd, and nflcr ■ Irrrihlo pastMigc of 
nx wuelu, LnTin^ liv^t n thml of l](^r cmyt, 
tlie AlVicaine urrivttl at Fnluioiilh, wlnmne 
■he wa» HPiit tnilo a ful! qiinrnnt.itK! iit llic 
Rcill)* IsUiidfl, al'ti^r wbich sLc (thh |uiiil out 
of cninmit'ioii. 

About thL- time of liia beinn appointed 
10 tl»- Afrii'iiino licwiu prewntod by Lndj- 
Tow null >- lid to thi; Princciw of Wnles. who 
tmited liiiii vriti) mticli r»rdiii(i(y |G. W. 
MilSDV, [i. ."SlJl. Il wan HflHrwnnlw Kworn li_v 
Mietnl witiieuM ihai nhe r'niJuiCed bttrw^lf 
toward* him with undue, if not villi crimi- 
Dul fnmiliaritj- (Tke B(.o\. piusim); on 
22 Sept. IKHj >[mnliy niDdir sHidBTit that 
tbiH tctliinonr nnw 'uviie nnd wicked in- 
reiitioii, wliolly and nlMnhitch' fidw' (ift. 
pp. 1ft 1-2). 

ItilK)" .VlHtdiy, in t1i»TliuliA, ini'DmiiiaMd 
of B tmall i^uHdruii, wimntaiidnt'd at .Ktrsny, 
and in IK>^ was ttont. in company with tD« 
Mediiu frigiiLi* and a bri)!, to look out for 
two Fmiicli rripaic*. xiipjiiwd to 1i&ve gntie 
loDaviKBtntitHi'iprKyoii t )ii> wlinli-rM. AKit 
Atfyingntiil iinKiic<-)i>i«riil rrtiUi' r)r twrilvn 
weelci, they filled iiji wilii wood and wnlur 
tt R harboTiron thi-con*! ori.Biirad>ir,whioli 
Muiiby Burvoyod and nituied I'arl MtiiiTeri*. 
TIm'IICii they n'tiinicd to KiiRiand by Now- 
fouadlniid, th" Awif*. nnd ijilirnllnr. Tlio' iH-ri'ii»< liii/l m-viircly trind a cnti- 
ttitulioti nlr^ddy inijminiil by yi-llnw fi-viif. 
Minby'H liiiillli wn>. iiiti^rly rmiied, ami \\n 
wn« oblif{od to (rive up his conimfiud . I It- ivur- 
ohucd KB esiait) at Nortliwold in Ntirtolk, 
wta«n ha wttled down for the red of liis 

He wan wromoipd to the mnli of rpur- 
lulitiini! '21 yXny \><'i'K Ho diM fnim iin 
ori'MrtiM' "f opium, ftf lhi» Giinren IlotM, 
Bui]thittiipi'm,nii IS.Iuni! 1K34. Iin innmitd 
iRlSOOMiw Iliun'mdor Xortliwold,andliad 
bf Ilot two daiighlcn. 

I Maraluir* Itoy. Nnr. Ilion. ii i. (vol. ii.) 1 a» ; 
Uailrd S*rvie4 Joam. 1831, ft. ii. p. i'H: 
0. W. M..h1m'- R.n.ii.i.c«o»: -Tho Itook!' 
or (lie friMM^oitin)!* nii.l CoiTO(i|iondrap« llp«9 
th* RiHiiv't. if Ili« Inqiiirv into th<> Conduct of 
H.R.H.'lho priiio-wof W'll™ CiiA e-lit ISIS); 
JntnWK Nui-. Hi»i.; Troudc'ii U»lJiilIr« Nnynlpt 
ilo In FmnPc] J. K. X- 

MANCHESTER. Drmw OF. [3.>- Mox- 
Ti«iT. Cii»ULi», llVU 17il', first ])i:k»; 
MojrrAau. (iEoiiiii;. I r:t"-lT^ fourth Dckb; 
ilosfTiou, William, I?ri-18«,fillli I)dks.] 

TAi.r,Sfa lli;.vKit. liret K*iii, 1JW'H?-It^^:^: 
MoMAiiii, Kitvr^aut wcond Kakl, l<Xti- 
1(17 l.J 

1515-1540). pbilosoplier. was bom in tM 
dioceM of St, .\adraw8. probably at tba 
town of -MaudpTsUtn, Stirlingshiro. Edik- 
calml uiijmrf'nlly at Hi. Aodn-wa, 1m cuImo* 
quenlly iirijcivdi'd to l\\v unlv^r»ily of Parii, 
where hu grmiuatfd licentiate in medicine, 
and became one of the acliool of TerminiBtk, 
at whose head wa* John Major (14tRl-1550) 
\a. v.] la IfilS Jland(.T<Hiwii iiublidhed at 
nri« two works,* l^i|>*^i^"^*f' -*l"rali l-'bilo- 
eophiaf >uu>ouIuin,'l:!Ri'>, diylivatiu] tu JamM 
BL'Htnn J^ij. v.], nrclihishoji of St, Andrew*, 
and ' TripaR iFtim Kpiihoma noetriitale,' 
ItJmo; in the Br^t work he ia said to have 
plfi^eri«ed from ' llioroiiVTniiii AngMluc;' ^ 
cmiMof botharppreeen-fdintht' AHv<icat»i' H 
Library, Edinbnr^h. On \h Ilcp. 15!i."» ho 
wut cno«rn onn of tbo rwtor* of the utii- 
ver^iu- of Parin (^IHt Doci.av, r«ir, Pariji. 
\-i. S.7). l)er<>r«! 11)30 he lud i«tunu>d to 
Sc-otlnnit, for in ihut veAr, aloiif; with Joho 
Mftjor, h« foundud a btirsary or cliaplnin«y 
in J>t. SftlvfttorV, And endow**! it with th« ^ 
nrntJt of ci^rtain hoiMi>« in South Striiit, 9t. ^| 
Andr«wii. On ^t April in lU« Kaino VMr fl 
Mundc-retown ivitoMfod a chiirt«r al Dun- 
rermline Mgnnilvry, and aW appMn aa 
rector of Oogur. Thu date of hi* death 19 
unknown. Tiiimvr wronKly plnc«s it in 
LIlJU. IV«idc» the hooks obov* niontMncd, 
Tunni-r attribute* to Mandcr(rto»*-n: 1. 'In 
Etbicnoi Aristgtolis ad Nicomnchum Com- 
mc-ul.' "i. ' Qtuutionua) dv Fui.uru Contin- 
(((.■nli.' 3. 'Dc Artu Cliywiga.' 

[Du Bouhiy'ii VniTrrKitatin T^*ri*innMii Hid.. 
ti. B'T ; T;innor'« BiUiothocn BrilanniM, p. Ma ; 
Ctironicln' nnd U«taorl'ila «f Sootlaud— ICog, 
MitgHi Sigllli. I»I3-I»«: MafkaT** Lift' Ml 
John Mnir. pp. 7A, 97 ; Ciitalagiu ci Adfooatca* 
Ubmry.] A. V. P. 

MANDEVIL. UOltKUT ( 1.57S- 1 Gl SJ, 
puritan diviuc, wax a uaiivc-of CiuabitrlamL 
lie wiw ' entrrr^d either n l)f>tlcr or sorritor ' 
of Qui-en'j. CoUegv, 0.'sfi>rd, uarly in 1508. 
nnd tnnlriciilatrd i>r '2^1 .Junr: h<? pnx'ccdud 
II.A. 17 June lUOU, and, uiiKmiiiiA lo 
St. Kdmund's Hall, M.A. <! July \mi\. In 
July 1(107 be woa oIocIihI vicar of Holm 
Cuftram in Ciimbvrlnnd by tW chancellor 
limi i>choliirii of lh)t university of 0\ford, 
and rtiiuutni^ theru till liia death in 1C18. 
Ilia life wna characterised iiy ereatpivty and 
zoal for tbo puritan cauao, and lie waa Npoci- 
ally active in perBuading hlsjArisbioain's to 
B atricter obMnrance of Uio Sablwth. 

lie wrote: ' TimoLhiea 1!^ko ; oraChri** 




liui SM-Cftrd,' thv sulMlance if frdi1n«4Mftt 
two synodal itMembliM tt Carli^k-. oa 1 Tim. 
IT. 10, mkI Actt XX. SS. Tbc Umk wupttV 
liabed at (Jxf<^ in 1019 uikJlt tliv rclilor* , 
ttdo of Tbuuu \'ic«r*t fi-llow of Qtu^ii's 
Coller^ Wood tlao kticribtia to Muidwil 
*lVoi0KicAl biAMunos.' 

[Wond's Aili*Hn>(ltli<»).ii.ra(.lj1; Wood's 
Put! (B)i«). i et>i. 'iSI: C'liirk't llpg. of ih* 
I'uJT. of fiifurd, i). 211, iii. 221 ; lIutchiuKon'i 
Bi»t. i)f I'BicUrlnnil. ii. 343] B. i'. 

1TS3 1, outbor of iht- • Fable of i he Itrra,* bom 
aboui 1670, Iras n naliYe nf Dort (or Uor- 
diTcht) in Holland. He pmnniiricod an 
'OrBlioSdmliMlirn, IV Mcilic inn,' upon Iwiv- 
in^ tb'- Kra.-JiiMi' School nAlioltcnlaiu {«x tlir 
nnivt-rsily in (>rti)l>iT IQSo, itn 23 Mnrrli 
l(t8!) bi^ maiiiiaiiinl a thepia Bt l*v(!<-ti 'IK- 
Briitonim OturuiionibiiV ar)ruiti|r fur ibt? 
aula(DBli*ii)orbriit(^R: anil oti d(>Mttn.'K It^l 
Ifepl an ' iaaufniraliliApuiatiini,' ' De Ch_vlo»l 
ViliUK,' nt I.i^ilcD upon tokinj; Kit it^gne as 
AoctOT nf mpilicint. Copies of these arr in 
iIm Briiiiili MiiM'um ; tlitr Um i» dedimletl to 
hia £uh«r, ^ Michnelu do Manili' villi.-, npiid 
Boieroduacnae* prarltco frUdtaima' Fur 
■Dme unknown n^kon br> iMtW in RnfiUiid. 
According to llawkini {TJfr t>f Jttimron, 

S. SOU), itn liveil in obacar« lo<l^ii^[tt in Lon- 
on and neTrmrqiiicvd mucb practice. Som» 
Lhitcti tDf rcIintUfi whoni Ik flnllend allowe^l 
bim a pmniam. He id nl*^ tiid In Hnve bci'H 
* liin^ b^ (li»" diitilli-rt ' lo TiTit" ill fuvonrDf 
NjitritBotu liquon. A plivi'ii.'ian who liud 
narrifd a diailler's daiiubt^r told IlntvhiiiK 
lliat )]aod«ville iroi 'a j^doi:! 6ort of man,' 
and qunlfHl him as maintAiiiinif l!mi the 
childrenof(lnini-<irinkinir»"oiiiiin were' never 
afllirlrdwithilx' rirkr-ts.' .Man'levilleis said 
to tiavr b'rn coantii am) oviTbnnrinf^ when 
1m darwU aivl wim prti)i«)ity litlln n<«pi>(.'t«d 
" " I of di&iillJn|( circlrti. I»rd Mhm-Im- 
l| Imwevf r, wh^n duct jurtici- (1710- 
171B), it said to hare ofton cnlorlainod btiii 
Car the* sake of hie cuDrersalinn I Hiwkisk, 
Uld Lourtffrr* Camm'mjilarf Book, hy Ji:xB- 
Mun WitimiiEit Nlwikv, ii. .106). At 
MaccWlii'ld'it hoiiK* bn mrt AddiKin, wtuito 
bo dnvribrd »» *a pannn in a tTe<-wig.* 
Fruiklin darinfr hi* nnl viiii to Knfilnnd 
WM inin)duced to ,M«Mdprilli\and di^«cribr* 
bin aa tbe ' soul ' of a club )ie!0 ai a tavern 
and a 'nso^t trnlertaiiiin>[, facetion« i-om- 
paninn' (KhaSKUS. Mftuiin). He <lied 
31 Jan. \7Va^ (r;^,t. Mty. (<«■ 17;i;i). ■ in 
fait sixty-third year' ac<vfdi»nU)|b«* Iliblio- 
ibAqo* Jlrilaiiniiiuo.' 

SundcrillrpuVlialiod tn 170''> adc^^vrol 
pom oalied 'Tni- Orumblin^ Hiw, or kitarvs 

turned IlaDeM,' whi«h waa piratinlly r^ 
pnnt<.-d a* '■ ftixprnny jiOmpbK'l,' and told 
abcut tbe ttrvcl « a> a ImlfpiauiT nhevt (ptvfacc 
tolat«r edition). In 1714 it wu nnmblidlM.'d 
aaonymO(i»Iy Willi an' Inquiry iulvlliuOnKin 
of Morul Virtue,' niid a u-ri«« of uolva, under 
tb« title ' Xlte Fublv of tJi« Bee», or FriTale 
Vica Public £e&elit«.' In \~'£i appciared a 
eccond tuition, with ma ' Frmv oa Charily 
nnd Charily tklioole.'iind n ' Scarcli into ibo 
Katorc o( Saeifty.' Tlw: (frand pury of 
MidillcMtf preavuted l be book an a n uitiiuici; in 
July 1728. and it waa dfinouucvd in a l«llt-r 
by ' Tbeophitufi Itulo-llritBunufi' in t b>-' Lou- 
dtin JoDmal ' of i7 July foUowiuR. MBndi"- 
villp n'plird by a letter to ibc fAme journat 
on 10 AuiT., rrprintfil as a ' Vinilicnlion ' 
in Uti-r (ilitiotiK. Tliu book was atlacked 
bv Iticlnin! l-iildr« (ii, v.] in liia 'General 
TrtaillM' i>f Mrirality, l*iJ-i; by John Prnnis 

i. v.T ill ' Vire (iiid I,itxur\ Public Mivhirfs' 


fq. v.^iii' Virs 

J ; by WiUium Imw [n. v.] in • Itfiuarka 
... the Fablp of llie Rcea: ' bv Francis 
llutcbeson (16&1-17461 [q. v.l in ' liiber- 
nicii«'» Ijcltfire' (l'-'"' ")> ""d bv Archibak] 
Campbell (Ififll-r.'ifil [n. v.] in Ins 'Apfry- 
'itoyia {\~i**), frniidiili-niry publl.''b<il a* lii« 
own l>y AWuinder Tiiiir*. Cnui|il)i-ll (or 
luiie*) cballtrnged Mandeville la redeem a 
)in>miM which he hod made tlial he would 
burn ibebiiok if il were proved lobeimmoraL 
An ailveriitement of the 'A/xriiAuyici wu 
followeil by n jmrvgnph slating that thn 
uutborof the ' hablu' had, upon reading this 
cliiilli^nj:!', bunt t lii* own bouk aulamiily at tli<> 
iKiiilin; Vf<.:int St. Jnmf«*ii Gatr un 1 March 
I7'28. Mandevilli! ridicnled tbi* iii^renionat 
flcitoQ in the preface to a *ec"iud [mrt of ihe 
'Fable of the Bees' added to later editions. 
The Eiithedilion appeared iiil7:;^>,the ninth 
in I'Sri, and it haa been often reprinted. 
Bprki'tny i*i>liii| in Mmnlevillo in the wrond 
dialoffui' III * Aleiiihron ' < 17-tlM, to wbich 
^landeville n^lif d in ' A I.«tlitr to Dion ' in 
ihe same year. J<)hn Brown < 171''<-I76fl) 
[q.Y.], in hii ' Kssay up'in Sliflfli:«ibuTy'sChfl- 
racterislics' 1 175 1 ), also al tacks 3landevilte 
aa well aa Shiinecbory. 

Uandpville gtvt i^nL offence by this book, 
in which n rvnicul (v«ti^>n nf momlitT wni< 
madii nttmctiri' by ingrDir>ntpnnulax«A. It 
waa lon^ popular, nnd lalrr «rilio« havo 
painred out llit- real nciif Mn-^ti of iIm vrritor 
ai well at the vigour of bia MjU-, esntcially 
remarkable in a frirpi^nitT. Hie docthnt: 
Ihnt prn^perity wn« increti^>d hv ex|<i:nditur« 
nilb«r than by saving fell in with many cur- 
rent oconoRiital fiUlarir^ not yvt extinct, 
AMuming with tlici utctici tb>t buronn dv- 
»irw were wwntiallj evil and tliTcforv pr(>- 
■ludMl'privaK view,' and aHuming^wilb ills 




oommon Tien' tlint ircaJlli was « 'public 
benefit,' hrc-nMljitbowcd tbnt nlldviliiHitiaTi 
implivd tin* devi-limniiait of vicioiio urrnnia- 
ftities. IIk ur^nii-u uKuiu vrillt tlir HabI>iatH 
tlial the ^riKiii of virtim whb t<i do fautiJ iu 
Bolfieh and eavaffe iEsitncts, and vicorously 
attackt^ Shaftcsturv's conirary theory of 
S 'noml M-nsG.' iTut he tnciily accept ctl 
Shaft«ebuTy')t iiifin-ncc; timl virnitf su iindii^ 
•ttwd vut B int;n- »1iani. TIv thim nr^m-il, in 
Spuoanacc nt Ifant, for tin: t^mllul lilrnrni 
or miraiui'natun>; tli-oiiiclibiii iirtfiiini-iil.i iukv 
bo reKflnlod as partly irniiicftl, urn!' a wiini 
agaiDEt ihe hypacriaies of an arriflcinl §ociety. 
In anv ca<e his appenl to factf, aKiiia«t I he 
plmwibilitics of tie pppo^ito school, riiows 
thai hu hiid ni»iiy ln«eii Ihoiigti imperfect 
pr>^TiMoii« nf lulrr wicnlific viewn. bitlmiioii 
«llitraT uiid (■(■DiinniifiilijiKwtioiii. Dr.Jolin- 
Kiii wjis miidi irnpn-nSfi) 1j_v tin' ' Fah!^,' 
which, lif suit! , did iiiJljuu^Iehiui.biU'oiwjitd 
hifi riewn iiilo real life vcrc much' (Hll.L, 
Ilogicell,iu.'2i'lS; eee cwliei^ma ia Jamix 
MiLL, t'rni/nienf Mi .\l^f/.-inti'f/i, 1870,pp.fi7- 
63; MAlH.MDnii .Sri'enrr, pp. 5513-8; Sri> 
PliRK, Knt/IinA Tfiauffht in the liighlemlli 
Cl^lKTV, ii. .1.1-10). 

BeRidi-B Ch>! 'Fiiblu'and thu Ijitin pxet- 
dws above iriftntioned, Matidi-vill'i'n wurV« 
axe: 1. "ICsnp Uroiiawi. or ti ruU.'ciidii of 
K»blM writ in Familiar Vcree," 1704. 3.*Tr- 
a poom,' 17m. 4.*TIh> Virffin L'nmnsked, or 
Fenuilu DialngiirJ holwist nti old^riT luaidm 
lifidy niid hirr Niwc,* 17(m, I7a4,"l73I <« 
oodno aiopv, with rtitti-fliunn iijwn roamngo, 
Jte.) B. '"TrcatiBi* of H\Ti"iffhondriac-lt and 
Hyitpriek Fashions, viiljfarly caliiil Ilyno in 
MninndVnpourE in Women . , ..' 1711,171 'i, 
1 1Sfi (admired by Johnson accordine; To llan- 
IrinR). 6. 'FrpnThoiiphta on tielipom, 1h« 
Church, and Natinnnl Ih-iipinosd,' 17:fO. 

7. 'A Confcrenc'e ahoiit W liorinp,' I7"5. 

8. ' An Enquiry into iIir Ciiui'"" of thp frc- 
ijneiit KsMrntloni «i Tyburn.' 1725 1 a curious 
aecouni of (liunbiiic^UienjiroTnlent). &, 'An 
Enquiry into the Orijiiii i.f Ilunour nad the 
U»fuWepi of Christiumlv in "War,' IT32. 
T*Mnndovi)lc Imvti also been attribiitL'd: 
'A M<wl(«t Tt.-fciiccof l'iil.Uck St.!«V 17-10; 
'Tins World riimoj»l(.,-d, or the l'}ul(wn()htrr 
tho ffrfaleett'lii-al.' I7-'JH (ctrtninly iiol hi«1; 
an*] * i^oolu^ia Medirinali* llibcriiica.' 174-1 
(but pn-viouelr published hv 'John Kcoirh' 

in xrm). 

iTho nutiras in iha Qno^ral l)i*lioiiary. \ii. 
i ( 17>8). CliBufepi*. and the Bio^p hin BH- 
tannira ^\ia do biugiMphioU detaili ; HHWkiiiit'ii 
bri«f nnie w abore nnu tlie Loud ^r's Cum n)On- 
plnm Bwik («ao nbova) presorrtLhe only pci^ 
■onnl tniditioa] L. 6. 

OP KhSES ((?. ll-ft), rtibel, WHS thu son of 
Wtllium d<- MaiiJi-villu, oustahle of tbe 
Tuwtr, and the grandson of ) Jco&ey de Man- 
devilli.', a cotupauiou of the ('onqurror, ^rho 
obtaineJ a coti^idcrable fief in England, 
lurgply composed of thL' forft-itcd estates of 
Ksgnr (or Aajiar) the slaJler. Griiffn-y first 
appwirs in lh« Pipe Iloll of ll:Kl, when he 
liiid rw<iilly succeeded hi^fatlwr. Withlhn 
I'XCi'pliiin of hi* prrwr-nrr (It. KinK Ht^ihen's ' 
EnHt'-r Court in 1 h"^. w<: hrmniotlimcof hini 
till 1140. when hi? Hcc«iapniiied Sleplien 
apainit Z\y (Cott. ,lfiS. Titus A. t!. f, 34), 
and Eiihseqiienttv (according to Williah oP 
Nt.'iviiiitiiiL) too^ advonra^ of hiK positioa 
Hi> rviii»tidil'« of the Tower to drtnin (^nutnnra 
of Frnncf in that fortrw*. nf^t r Uer bi-lrollial 
lo FiiMtiien, ilionrin of Sti-pli'-n, who liitt«rly 
rfiftimti-d IliH oiilrapit. He must, howerar, 
luive iiuccfedfd in obtaiidnir from thf king 
before the latter'* cnpture at Lincoln (SF^b. 
1141) the ehnricrcivniinp him linri of Esees, 
vhich is still proMTTod among the Cottnaiao 
Cbarti?T5 (vii. I), and which is prxibably the 
f'liriiiwt rri-atioii-rhart^r now (ixtant. 

Ff<iin thiv point, bin piwcrand hi« iniport- 
ancK rapidly iniirviiM^d, I'hii'tly owinjt tn his 
control of the Tower. Hi* fll*o ^.terrised 
great iiiQuence in Kbhpx. whuro Irty his chief 
estates nnd his strongholds of I>l<Mhy and 
Sntfron Walden. On the arrivr«l of the Em- 
prPBM Maud in J.ondnn (Juno 1 Ul ), ho wbb 
won over I'l bcr Kidii hy an itniinriftnf, cliarter 
CmfirniinfT bim in thii earldom of E«M.uc, 
cn^iiling him hpn-ditary shpTtfT, iiiirtie^, and 
oscbmtoTofKKti'X, and sTnnTlng1iiitti«latec 
knifthtfl' fees, and pririio^s. Ho des«TU8 
her cmiie. however, on hor ^xpulaion ftntn 
lH>nd(in, Railed her Bdhetv>nt th« bishop, and 
was won over hyNlcphen's qufen lo aMiA 
lior in tlioniogcorWincIiMtT. Short Iv*fl«p 
thi; lihi^rnlion of lbi> Icing Gi^olfi^V oliliiiRod 
from him, III tb''pncnorhia«Mp|)<>rt,achnrtev 
(Chri^init)^ 114I) panlr-niny hi* trfiwoii.and 
trebling ihv griinta mudi.' lo him by lli« t-m- 

rrew. H'-' 01W b«camv nhuTiff and justice of 
[«rtford»biru uud of London and 31id'IU-t<t.-x, 
an well lie ijf Kitst'.i, thus monopoliMng nil 
admiiiiat roliou and Judicial j)Owcr witbiti 
thiMc tbrcu cotintics. Early in ibv follow- 
ing year he was dwpatchod by Stephi^uagainrt 
Ely to di^perw the bishop's longUts, a ta»k 
which he nccomplislted with vigour. Hi> 
influi'iir-1* wn.i now sn ;:ri'at that the author 
of the '<)i-HtoHli'phani'dt?s(!rlbeabiiaBftaiir- 
]mH»ing all tin- mihleji of tin? land in wcnitli 
and inigiorlance, acting e^'erywhcrc a? king, 
and mori* eagiTly liatfned to and obeyed than 
tlio king himself. AnolLfT eontcmpopiTy 
writer sjieulu of him na tJio forrmost man la 




fiogUod. His ambiiion, howari-r, was stlU 
tOMtufitid, aad ho Mfiimd by n fnwh tnuon 
CO dUt Um part uf king^uKicr. ]Iu ocand- 
iiwljr bagan to intriguu with Lh« emprett, 
woo wu impknug to aake a fWvh eObit on 
beliatf of her catue. Mu^iiii^ litt at OxToTd 
•ooeunw before ibi»eud of Juni- (IIU), fas 
flODtottml fton bar in a nen- clian« con- 
e ti on u even mar* ntnvsgaat than Uiow 
Im hwA ymns from Stpphnu. He al«o ob- 
uintwl fmm h^r ttt th? Hamc tinu> a elurt«T 
ID fiivoar of hi* hn^thiT-in-law, Aubny d6 
V«re (aftorwnnti hjirl of t>xfor<l), aaottier 
Eaami magnatit. But Ilu' ill-«uGCHS of her 
CUWe-WBS nnfavourabli' lo his aclieDW, and 
he Rouitied. ouiwaidly at loasr, ia allegi- 
aneelotlipkiiic. tliiilrcHKiitabIt- iutentious, 
lioincvvp, conli! iioi b** \c'\'t »•.<**[, and Sl*- 
plmn, irli<i ftircniiv dn-itiJoil hi» power, was 
iramcd that ha votil J lotto hi* crown unlcwi 
ht.- iaa«t«T«iI th« ear). It wa« not, bow^verr, 
titltlmfolloiritigjrcArfi 143) that lLcd*;ci(lcd, 
Of felt himself strong enou^, to do IhU. At 
>St. Albans, probaUlj about the vnd of Hvy 
temhn, OfO&rvytifho waaattftnJingbia cotut, 
«u openly accaaed of treasoa bysom« of lus 
j«aloaa hrala, aad, on treating tbe cbarite 
with (7&ical contempt, «-a« twMoiy arrwtvd 
Inr tb« kiitK utirr m sharp stru^rgW. Under 
tu<Mt of hving hanirrd. he woa forced to 
■unoidn- Uia va«lW of IV^hi^y and Saffron 
WaUm, and, above all , t liv Tctivf r of L/mdon, 
t^tlUB soaroe of hia iui|clit> He wa« thon 
art frva, 'to ibe ruin nf ibe roalm,' in the 
mnda of the ' tiexia Stepbaoi.' 

Ua«liiRg fsrth Irom tha n ro w t w of tlis 
kin^, 'likeaTiciouffandrideneHhorae. kick- 
inir and bitinif' in bis razes tbo earl burst 
into twrnlt. With th« help of bis hrotbcr- 
tB-lair, William d« 8ay, and evenlually of 
the Earl of Norfolk, tie made biinself tnaMer 
of the fetilaad, the old resort of rehela. Ad- 
vancing' from Fordliam, be securvd. in the 
abacncc of Bishop Nifjcl, ihc Isle of Ely. and 
paabins- on thoncc seized RatnM-v Ahbry, 
vbich {»■ foTtitiiM] and made hJi heaoquitrtera. 
Prou thiM sin;nt; |iuiliiMi be raided forth 
with itnpnuity, boninff and Hacking Cam- 
bridfiB and other nnalW plaoew. Siephi'ii 
marchtd against biin. but in ^aio. for ihe 
varl look refiicv amoni; ib@ fens. The king, 
IinwvTi^, having fortified Bunvell, vhicli 
tlin-alt'oiHl f.iprtflfreys com municst ions, lhi> 
earl attacki^ tbe part. (AiiKiut I144J, and 
wldla dmiiff (o va* vroiindi'd in tbn head. 
The wennd provMl fiiiat, and ilm carl dtod 
at Miklniltall in Suffulk itbout tbe middle of 
StijMmher, oscommiiiiicaii^ for bia deaccra- 
tion and plunder nf church properly. Ilia 
came wn> carried by some lemplarv to the 
Old Temple in Holbom, where it remained 

unliuried for nearly twcntj years. Ac loM, 
hia ton and namccalui having maclo rrpora- 
tioa fur Ids tant, l*ope AlwcanJvr prrmouiiced 
hix alMilulion ( 1 1(>^), and liU rvmaios were 
inlpiTHdat the ^ewTtiioiile.wbKra anrJSftyof 
lum wu*, but emtnKOUuy, auppoaed to t-Jtiitt. 

Tlie eaii, who praeeuted a perfect t^pe of 
the ambitious feudal ooble, left by liu irife 
lU^eae, dancLter of Aubrev de Yere (cltau- 
bprUin of KngUnd), at iea^t three eons: 
Eniulf (or Kniulil), who iili]in>d in his re>- 
volt, and vtn^ niiin-qiioiillv ciiled ami dia- 
iiihurittil, tDgi'tlxT ivitli \xx ittweiidimtfi; 
and CieoflWy (ij. llii'i) and "Willium Jlandi^ 
ville [i|. v.l w tio sut'coeded liim m turn, and 
were both £arU of Ebscx- 

[OeoSraj d« Jlan-lDriLla: n Sludy of the 
Atuirehy, 1B92, by the proent wriltf.J 

J. H. B. 

MANDEVILLE, Sir JOUN, was the 
(>%t<'(i«bIo aiitlior of ilie li-iok of Iravflft 
bcanu^' bis noni^; and coaii>oecd soon after 
the middlv of tli<; fwurtucnth ccnlury. The 
mrltcit known manui'cript ( rarin, Bibl. NaL 
nouv. acq. fianf. 'WAtr, lute Ashbunihntu 
M!^. Barrx-is x\iv.t in dated l>i7l, aud is in 
French: and from iolernul evidence it in 
clear that Ibe Eiifdi^, Latin, and other 
texts aro alt deriTcd, directly or iiiilirectlyt 
from n Frirnclt original, ttiv Iroufilation in no 
case bi-in^ the nuihnr'e own. The Engliah 
icjLt lias pTdcticiilly comi: down to tm in only 
three fonuii.and in iiu uianiiM-ript older than 
tLe6fiernlh (reniury. Thi- ciimmnn Kii|;U(h 
version, and the (inly one ijriultdlnfiirf I7^i, 
haa, beudea other ilt-ficit-ticieA. \l lai^e k'sp in 
the account of Kppi (cd. llulUwell, i860, 
p. S6, 1. 7, ' And thcr<; nrv,' to p. 63, L 39. 
'ahbvyeoflen tyme*). Tlicrotliertwo^iglidl 
TiTMona ure of »ii|irri(ir vnhir, hihI are pri> 
trrt'td, each in » ■intll" uinnuwrijil, in ihu 
Britiali Museum, dnliu); in buih euw* from 
about 1410 to I4l'0: that inColioii .M3. Tilua 
C. xvi. was flm edited aQonymoti.Oy in 17'2'>, 
andthnMigli IlBlliwc'irsnunms |IA;{1), 1666, 
&c.) has become tbe attindard Kngliah text ; 
tbe other version, in a nior>-ii'>rtb«rly dialect, 
and in Mime ri-jirpecii' »ujiiiriiir, ie in Egerlon 
MS. 1^2. and wtu> primed for llii.- RoibiLrnhp 
Clubin iH^fi. Ah the L'f iIIuu luauiiacript haji 
loaLibree leuvi?f.ilie Utter is really tbn only 
cotnptele KdiiHi^ text. 

In Latin, as Dr. Vagyfls has shown, there 
an? live independont versioii«. t'onrof them, 
whiehappart'ntlyoripinaleilin Kn^]siid(onv 
mnniiH^ript, now at LeyiU-ti, beinfi daled in 
139U), hnii-r no »pi!cial iiKi'jMtl; the fiflb, or 
Tul(falo tjLfin ten, was no doubt made at 
1J^>, and, as will be leen.has on important 
bearing on the author's identitr. It iafbnnd 
in twdve manuscripta, all of the flfteenifa 




century, nnd in tlte imly Latin n^nion its 
yet. pntili'tL 

In hi* pnilopue ilie author styles himself 
Jchau dt! MaiidHville. ur Jotia MaundeVYlle, 
liiiigkl, bom &ii>) brerl in En^'lfuid, of ihv 
lowu of :St. Aubin or Hi. Albans: ntid In? 
de>c!an>« rlial Iw cnj"'Tl Ibe »pa on Midiiml. 
mas (lay l-'i^J (or I'M'J, in i1ii> K^irt.uii iim<1 
some OlhiT Knglivb timiiUHiviiitH), anij timl 
TinjHni in ilia rnivcU \>y TurUvy (■.<•. Anin 
Minor), Gr*>al aiid l.ittb Annwiia. Trirtm'. 
P(;wia, Sjria, Arabia, L'|i|m.t and Lower 
Eicypl. Libya, a srva,! part of Klliiopi u. 
cfialdiDB, AmiiMtiia, ami Lerasr, l.irfsri.T, 
and MiddU' Tiidin. I In »ikU Ihat ho wroio 
Mpecinlly tor tho*j' wliri wihlivd til viitir. 
.IvruMili^m, whitlit'r lii' had himwilf ofli'n 
ridditn in ^o<] compimv, ii-iid in tba l''ri>ii(?b 
|ir(i!a|n)i! he I'lidt bv utmitift that, lo bt inont 
couciie, h* should bavif i jViis^t- 1 ^Titt*n in 
LatiHr l>iit had chnMin lloninrct'. i.e. French. 
as beiii|; iuor« widi/ly iin(!pr^tii>>il. In tliv 
Latin, and all ib^ llnifliftb version* <>xc(t|iT 
the Cotton maniiwripl, tbis Iflst sentcncii? m 
SUpinr-'u^], >o that riich liinitly i^laimk to be 
an orij^itukl work; in ibv Cutton inanu»cri|)t 
it ii pi'tvcrtcd and Tyudu : 'And ye sliall 
uiidcr:<tBn(] tlinl 1 liavi- put this bock oiil. cf 
l<tLtiu iiiLu French, ami traualated It a^**!!! 
out of Fn-iith itilo Ktinlisli that evt-rj- tuun <i( 
inyBttlii>Li may uiidvr^tflnd it.' Thfst- worde 
not otily contradict. tbol'''r«nc'kli'xl, but oaaliu 
Matidcvillo himRtlf rvinigngiblv fortht; Knt^- 
Ii»h YiTfrion in wliich lliiy occur, aiid on tin; 
rtrcngih ut'lbcui lit.' bun wcu b(;<;ii »tyli:d tbc 
' father of liiigliiiU ifninr.' Ilul. thi; ('iilliui 
Terni«ii,«|milly wiib ibit iithtTB, le iLsliKUred 
hv bluudvJB, aiirb a^ au author tTaasktiufr 
his own work ciuUI iu'ver have made (mio 
Uoxbtirt;he edit. p. xiiil. In thu epilogue 
Mandeville rcptul!! that h« Ii^fl Englanit in 
ISSl', and giw* ')a Iv hut that ht- had »inci- 
'Bcnrcb'-d'mauy alnml, Ix-cn in mnny UROorl 
vonipKiiv, iiiid wiiiii->-i>'(I tntiiiy n imbli! ft-iLl, 
aUbouirli \if- bad liimtn'If jit-rfunrrtl inmt-, 
Kud lliHl, IieinjT m\sv lori-ed by iinlmiic Roiit 
to seek repose, be had lirrilien his reininiA- 
concM. Bs n solnce for bift'wretched ca-H-.'in 
1357, t hi' (hirty-liflh T«-'nr ^iiice he wt out. 
Thi* i.t ih.' dnif in tfif Parin muniiwript. ; 
Ollii'n, rrriwli and Ktiijliith, liavf Ni'itl (ur 
lA&tt ill the cnst^ of (Ii'im: ntuch iiiiike- liirii 
atari in 13^2), whilt^ th» vuluutt! Latin hu" 
13RS. In the I^lin, mon'-iver. be m\» tlmi 
he wrote al Li^et>, and it i* in tli^ L'ottun 
manuscript alon«> that, byan iueiaiM ri>nder> 
iiig, he onenks uf hHtini;; nrtnally rearheil 
homiv TbepflMa^'fimmnn to all' the Kng- 
lith T(>nifin«, that on lii» way bark lu' ■iili- 
mitliHl hii luKik t.i the |Hipt> at. Ibtmo, in. no 
doubl, KjiuriouiL It Ik at vaHn»«L- wilb hiit 

oirn Bccoiint »!* ihi! cirriioi«inno.<A iindrr 
wliidi the work wan wnttfri, and iMrtwir^n 
l:)Ll9a!id 1-177 ihejHipesnaidfii mil ui Roino 
but ut Avignon. A ■hurl diidii-atory lett*r 
iu Latin to E'Mward III, wbioh a ajipundod 
to some inrt^rior French manuscripta, is alao 
probably H lute addition. In 6omi?capieiathe 
niitbur's Rain's u])tji>Brs ns J. d<.< Munif^villa. 

'I'hi' work itHiirr ii virtually rand" uu ot 
two jmrnt. Tin? first ErtmtK mainly oitlia 
Ilidy Land mid ib<- niuicji ihitbiT, and in 
rhe PariH muwuiichpt it (jivi-s tht- liiU* to the 
whole, vix. ' l.ri> livre Jehan de Manilerille, 
cliovalier, lequfd )iark> de I'wital de la tene 
nainte et des miTveilleg quo il 7 » veu««.' 
Although it is nior'>iiKi*idi'-bc>ok for pilgrims 
than slrirtlv a recfiril of t\u- nntliorc own 
travel, be plftinty implicjif brmigliont tlint be 
wniti* fwiin nctuiil i-sjK^rii^npo. Incid<?ttially 
be ti'lls U9 bs hud been at l*Ari» and at Con- 
stantinople, bad lon^ aervc'd th» eultan of 
Lt^ypt ni^aiTi^t t lie Bedoaius.and bad r^fuerd 
hi« oHV'ir of a prince's ilnii|:hter in Diarriaf^, 
with a grvtit estate, (it the prioo- of apoata^jr. 
lli> ri'iHirti*, too, a curious c-olloquv hti had 
with tuu itultan on tlio vicim of CUnKtvndotn, 
and ca^uallv mentions that bu IcA KB7l>t in 
the rcij(n i>f Meli't^bmndabnm, by vriiom he 
EioMibly [j:ieHjiBMcLik'L-l-MudtuilE<u'(134B-7). 
riually.he opeaka of beluc at tbt; inouBHtt-ry 
of St. t'alhariiii? ou Mimnl tiiuai, and of 
haviu)if obtaiut'd accusB to thu Lloumof the 
Itock ut Jcriiaalem by spci;iaE )iracc of thv 
^liltaii, whn gnvo him letter* undorHiu great 
sual. Hut iniipitcof tlic«i,-pon«inBlrtfo[*nca» 
iiIitKml thi! whiilti iif bill matter in utnhtninbly 
tuki^ii from i-arlirT wrilfini. Tliu frjuucworki 
aa .Sir Uewrr Vuk jBiinted out, ia from Wil- 
liam of Ilofde-nwile, a (txrnian kniicbt and 
ex-Dominican who vitiicd the holy plooos in 
13SS-d, and wrote in l^til a sal)cr Recount 
of his ioumcT (G Bijtki'KSB, A> Edrlktrrm 
ma Bidiltmtcii; IWi:^, IMS). Fnim first tn 
la;-l Mnndrvillf oipii-ii biin cloiwly, ihuiigb 
nut iilwaT.i wLtli intrlil^'Cdcci Init at tliu 
fiaiia- tiiuf hf boniiVMialiimdaiiilyrrom ntlier 
goiiri:t.-»i, i iL I er weaving \i\s vartoiia niatcriala 
with 6ouie skill. Apart from iii» u»«' of 
chim'h b.'Bcnd* and ronioniii; tol*,*. tb«; rl»- 
scriptinu he givf* of thcr<iiil'' ihnnifhHim- 
psry lo C'onfiianlinoplv, and, Inti-r nri. aeni»B 
Aiiin Minor, i.* n blundcrin;; pinuinmm fnim 
iht- ' HintiTy of ihi- Fir»t('rii»ni!«'hy AlbHri 
of Aii.aiid lii» io[Mi^traitIiy of Palestine, whwi 
not luaed on notdfii»i-le. is a patchwork from 
iwellth- and tliirtt'LTtb-century itinoraries. 
His Hiithoriiy, therefDre, for the conditiou 
ot'tbi> holy plnci'K in hlx own lit)]i-, ihoug^h 
olXi-ii >i|ui>t«d. i» iillorly wortblpw, (.tther 

fiuitagi'K i;iiu bit tnu'ud to Plitiv and ijoliniu, 
'liter Comearor, Vincent dt; Atuiuvau, Bra- 



uetto Latini, aad Jacqiiea da Viiry. From 
the U(t. for tfnmple^ h« ekes out Boldm- \ 
Mrle'n accmmt of tho B^^ouine.iuu] h tx froai 
a cnrelM* rcAtliagr of IV \'itr)' that hu turns 
tbif hiiDtinglrapanlsofCj'pnjaiHtu 'inLitiiinn' 
orbaboonn. lite alptiabetw wlitcb he Kiv(.>a 
have woD bim aMiie credit u a UnruLsr. but 
otitrilu) Greek and I tie Hebrew (which vieic 
readily aecMsible) are whftt thej prdcnd to 
bei, nita thai- which hi.' calli Snracrii Bctiinlly 
ooaea fwta thc'Coaraogrnphin' of .Kthicun! 
Ria koowlnig« of Mohammed a nivm and itn 
Anib(cf<>rTDubDiinpn»)«<lrvf'nViih-. H>'W(i», 
hower«r,whr>]lTin(leb!i^r<>rl)uil informal toil 
lotbe'Libfr dctSiata Saraceiiomm'of Wil- ' 
liam of Tri[>oU icirat 1:^0), aa he was to the ' 
'li.i*toriae l.iri<^Qria*of Uetotim tbeArmi'iiiiin ' 
(13U7> for niucli of what he wrote about 
E^Tpt. In the last case, indeed, he sbowB n 
rmre airn of iwleMndetica, for lw> does n»l, ' 
about 13[K). hot carrim it ou to the ilnaik nf 
En-\asir | I^H > ""'1 ninMui two of lii< kbc- ' 
CQuora. Alibou^-U liii stuteineDta about 
tbem are not historienlly accurate, this fact 
mad a few otiier delailx auggeet fhnt he iniiy 
really havp been in K^-pt,if nol at Jenisnloui, 
but the pr<>|»rti'm of nriginnl inatter i« %» 
vary far nhort of wbiit mi^ht bv I'liwi'-d 
that eieo Ibii in exTryini'ly d^itiblfuL 

la the second part af the wnrk, whieli 
dewribes aearly all Aaia, there is, apart ' 
Avid hu own aekserliona, no trace of pereonal 
•smrioBee whatever. The place of Bolden- i 
aw n bmn taken bv Friar (.Moric of Cot^ 
ianentj whoce intenncly iDterntrin^ narra- < 
tire of nutem travel wu writlnn in 1S50, 
abortlr after hi* rnum htasm (Ycle, Cathai/ 
and tit Waif fkith*r, I>«fi6; n. CoBDtirB. 
O.d* i^fJmoMe, 189iy Odoric l?ft Kurop<» 
•bout lal*S-l8, and trart-lled "lowly or>T- 
Und frnii) Tn*iiixi'>tu) to tbi* IVrninn fJnlf, 
wkcrv bt- t'loli Ah>|> "t lloniiui forTnnn, ■ 
Ulttv Dortli of llouilmy. Tbi-nc" he hdiI'h] 
•long the cciaat to Mnlebar, C<-y]on, and 
Hailapori now Madt^y, Af)i-r viciiing Sii- 
nuira, Java, and olbt-T island^ C'hiiin[<a or 
B. Coehin-Ciiina, and Caiitcm, be itltimulvir 
madv his wnT norUtnard lUr\>iii-li Chiim to 
CuabaUcor I'chin. Thi-tv be rt^mnini-J three 

K\n, and (li«a staned bomrward by land. ' 
t lu» Pinitr after Tibtt is not rfcrdcd. | 
Vanderillr [iraclicallv atcnle tlie whole of 
ibcM exteiMi%x' (ravcU and make* ibcjo his 
own, addtiw, aji Ixrforef a qiami of helrni- 
MMOUS natter aci|uiRid by the nune mvana. 
NexttaOdoriclMMnakeatBMt UMoniirioum, 
ft(MB wliom he took, besides otlwr delaila, Lia 
•suuBUTdeecriptioii of tlw countrica of Asia 
ftad hia Vutory of tha HongaU. For M«>ngol 
manners and cogloMks ho had recoanw to 

John de I'lnno Uarpini and Simou de i^i, 
Quenlin, pafial enrors to tbo Tartars about 
1360. Thuec two tbirtccnth-centiiry wrilcrs 
lie probably kn<rw only ihroti^b trnphy ex- 
tnicta in tlie'Sjxvnliini'of Vincent <1« ftcau- 

Vaia (J. llifilfV Tili.i vaat ^tllr^■h()^lr^(■(^f nic- 

diteval hnowledfTi- ht- rausackt-d lhoniu|;hly. 
fl» he did nUn to some extent tin- kindnld 
■Trceor' of Bruuetlo J.alini (if. 121>i). lie 
admits in one place (conlradictin); IiIr pro- 
In^if) tbtil lie was never in Tariary itself, 
tIriMiKb lif lind Wn in KuFfia (lialicia), Li- 
run iu, Cnicow. and olhrr count rie" bordering 
on it, but. wiihont oncf ruiming hiit Muth'>> 
ritir*, he write.* ibrouphiiiil in the lonu of 
an eye-wiljieM. He eren Irtuitifeni to his 
own days, ' when 1 wba there,' tlie Domes 
of Tartar princes of a century before (Koxb. 
ihI. p. '2,W\. Much in the Bftma way he 
ndi)pt« Plinv'ii ImigniigK abnul tho ships of 
hi* liiue,>«i tlmt it Ki-m-Kfurlbiiv i>rtbefoup> 
leenlh century (,il>. p. i'tf), and giviit at hiit 
own a moiK'ef coinpuliDg the «ite of lhi> 
earth which be faitnd recorded of Erato- 
ttbenes <rt. p. 2(X)), But it mny ho that fhim 
\ incynt dp IteFiurniH'H *.Sp«cnliitn,* and not 
dinclly frijm I'liny. Solinus. nr the early 
Piiti inricf, he obtniiunl jiiirl icitlars nf lh« 
fiitulOMM nionttrni. hmnun and bnito, llin 
f'i!sr.'ne«? iif which hi> r>'ei>rda a* )u»bnr twxt 
in the ejctreme ^bsX. Without doubt in 
ibe 'Speculum' he read C«Mar') uecount of 
the custoinB of the Bt^totu, which he opplit-a 
almost word for word to the inbabitants of 
»nii of hia imagiiutrr t«landB (Koxb. ed. p. 
L'l8). nut.whi^thftrrcnentingfnct orfnhle.he 
aannctalrsi btmti^tf wilft it. Ag^od example 
of hit mtThod i« bin story of the nuthical 
Kount of Youth, lie taki>a thi* from l're*tv'r 
John's letter, and foist* it upon Odoric's 
ncroiiiit of .Malabar, but he ailda that he 
himBnlf had drunk of the fownl, and still 
fell tb* good ffl'cctfi. Sitiiilarly «l vnriuua 
itagea be mnki-A out that br Iiad laken ob> 
«erTatir>nt with the SftiviUhe, nut only in 
Bra)>nnt and Hvrmany towurdv ItohcQlin, 
but in the Indian Uee«ii, had nurn with hi* 
own eye- th«- t^i^'oul ie reed? of tin- island of 
' I'anten,' bnd tailed witbiu sifiht of the 
rocks of odainsnl, and had bivn tu the 
Gonntrr of Ibi- ^'cgetnblc Lamb. He ev«D 
repr^wnts ibut Vat Iravoli extended frva 
QSf W nurth to 83* IfJ' south. Further, in 
folio winsUd OTIC thrauithCathHyhcadd»con- 
venation^i of liin own at Cannnv and nt Cam* 
bnltrc, and sflM'Ttd liini hn anilhLic<»nradi^9 
Krved the Orwil Khan fir fiftivn months 
agniuft the liin^ of .Mauxi. Tli« way ho 
deoNwith < )done's story of iho (levil-bauiiLed 
Valley Perilous is curious: for in working 
it up with angmoDtcd borrars he lelb bowt 




irith aom« of hi* fcUows, be taetxadtd iu 
Watitig througb, nft«i> being khriTcn by two 
FHar« Minor of Lombanlj-, w to wen' witli 
tbrin. KvidouUy lie here alluOt« to ClJoric 
tinuwU*. to ae to forvelall b vliar^« of pla- 
giarism by covertlv 6<j|;it^tiaf( that Uwr 
trarellod l«)reibcr. ThiB tlieory vas in 
IWct jiut forwanj ai early as Ita fiftccntb 
century, t<r nccount for ihv a^rvcmcat bo 
twwti t Uc t wo wdrk.t, mi d it wns c ven uMortvd 
tbst iluiiiilcviliu wroU- tint, isucb, ligwL-ver, 
WU ourtainly not Dm coat*, nud a11 tli« eri- 
denrs go«e 10 provt^ tbat bia book is aot ooly a 
mere compilaiioti. bur a delibcirale ituiKiaturo, 

There oiv frTronf; ffrounda, too, for the 
belivf thai his iiaiud is at Hctilious as hie 
tni^'els. Mnndcvilk- ir mi-ntioticd, inilpcd, 
iiB a famous triivrllcr in Biintm'o ' Chriitiiclo 
of Almtix Alibi^v.'writlrn lii-lwccn lliftrinml 
Iffflfi (ilotk is!', IftiW, iii. ]r)ti), aiid ajirain, 
ftlioiil liOU, ill a list t>f hiritl C(-Id>ri(i«vi au- 
pended Ifl Amundtshaura 'Amiali of t>t. 
Albans' (Uolla ed., 1^71. u. SOU), Tliese 
iiOtlcu,boverer.and others later, an; iilntaly 
baied on his owa stutcm^nts : and luc fact 
tbifc a (»ji]diire riti^ at St. Albiins (16. p. 
331) Biid n crTKinl orU at CiiniiTlmry (Ll^ 
LAMi, (.'i/mnirnf., 17(tO. p. ;)lS^^ were ex- 
liihiiKtl aiming relics aa bin eitin ouly attpJU 
tliu fame of Ins book. No otter kind nf trace 
of him cnn be found in En|;3nnd, for the 
ie'^ud of bin burial st Ht. Alhuns n-ns of lBt« 
gT"W"lb. Altbougli intbp fourli'enth century 
t ImMiimlt'villi.Hi wicri' no Ion j>t earls of Etm-x, 
the itaiiiH WH* nut iincommcFU. (.hiw ftiniily 
bearing it wax »vutiil nl Black Notlfrv in 
Essex, and nuotlii>r was of Mar»bu'ooS in 
Dorset, lioldin;! lands also in Wiliahire, dn- 
fonliihin?, I.tuvonstiire, and elsewhert'. At 
Urn*! two im-mbiT* of the latter were called 
John U-twi^cn LMtlOnnil ]:{IKI, mid other con- 
t((ni[>oniry Mitndi-vilirs <i( thuMintii iinmeare 
also known (Kiali. fd. p. xsvi. Two inorF> 
haTB reronlly ht'on found by Mr. Edward 
8cotl Rs wiluo<tse8 to a cbsrti>r, now nl 
WcsHninstor AUbi'y. relalini to Edmontt-n, 
MtdilIi>m?K,aiid dated in 1^12-18. N'otliinp, 
howitrar^iit n'ci>r<lod<>f jinvon^ of tht-m that 
make* htit idimtity with tlm tntTelkr at nil 

On tbo other hand, tbeppiiiahiind«im pmof 
that the tomb of the author of Ihv 'Travid*' 
irns ta be Kii^n in the churoh of the Ciudle- 
luinn or liiiilli-linitw at I.i^ce down to rbe 
dnronliiioti nf Tbi> linildititf in I7il8, The 
faet of hid hvirial thcri*, with tb.> i]ntt> of hi§ 
death, 17 Nov. l."i(i>,wa« puhli»h(.i] Ijy Balein 
1548 (Smitmariiim. t 14HA), and wa* con- 
tinued inrfepemltntly by Jawb ili-vrr (-4n- 
n«/i-j rrntin J-'lanilrtf., 15(H, p. fftu) atld 

Ortelius (Itintrarium, ]fi84, i>. 16) is mom 
explicit, and gt\<t the epitaph la full. At 
(orrKted bv other oople*, notably odv Mitt 
by lidmuiid Lewkuur, an Kuf;liab prival at 
Iliftgo, to John I'ita (He Hi. Anyl. Scriptt. 
1619, p. oil), ii ran: ' ilic iac«t rir aobU^ 
Dom. JoanniM de MaudeviUo, alias dictuB 
it'iHiLibara, .VilceiLloniinus dcOampditDalDa 
dr Anglia, nicdicinic prt^foMor, dcTvtiaaimiU 
orator, vl bonorum euvrum lorgiatmm paa- 
peribuA vro^stur, <]UJ, tota quasi mhe l\m- 
unto,L«iKlij divtn vitte*iut-i;Iaii»ilMEtrraiUBi, 
A^. UccCLXXll., uiunsinNov, dio xvii.' Ortu- 
lius adds thai it was uu-a elotie wherooB 
WW also carred an armed maa wiiJi forked 
b)»rd l.ramplliitf on a lion, with a hand 
blcNing bini fmni above, lo)[clhtT with the 
wimls: 'Voe ki pnpi-is »or m! por lomaur 
deix (dp Pirii) proiia {Mir mi," Thi; bhicld 
vrbrtii he Kntv it vu* ban:, hiil. hi; vojt told it- 
onct; contaiiii-d, iiii a hraaa pliiti-, ihi; annn 
azure, a lion 'nyenC with a cn-Mxnt ou his 
brvast^u/ftf, within a honlure en;rr«il<»d or. 
Thespwerc not the anus of any br&uch ot 
Mandcrillc, biii , <.'icupi ihe creacrat ('which 
may havt^i marktH] a diHVivnce for a second 
soil), l.liiy nppi'iir to hnv* bwin home by 
Tyrrell and Lnnimil. <]**fivt)RTH, On/iwiry, 
1874, p. 118). .\n[ilh«r diutripLJon nf tbrm 
in German verte, uilh n Korai-what faulty 
copy nf the epitepli, waa glvea by Jacob 
L'uterich in Lis ' Ebrenbrief,' nriilen in 
1462, the poet stating That he went twelve 
iniI<M out of Win way to risit ttie totnb 
(IlAirpT, /fiUrhriff. IWy, Ti. 6li). It ia not 
very inliOliitiblc. hut it tuentions tlie liaa, 
and add* tlial. ihn hchn witn Rtirmounted 
by an ape (Murkliai>x). (if about thi- t*\av 
diits is n notii-e of .Mimdi-villn, liawd on tlwt 
t'lritaph, in tbe 'Cbromcla' (1^30-1461) of 
CorniOis Znnlfliel, who wns a monk of St. 
JauiiuoHftt Lii'fre; and •.'nrli>>r«lill Kadulphua 
du Riv(t({/. l4t)tJt, d"nn 'if Tnnf^roii, «om«tan 
mileD fr<iui I.i<')(i>, hng iin intt<r>'8tinff pmge 
on bini lu bin 'tii'stii I'onlilicuin I.4fodim- 
sium,' He nay* not. only that Im yrtii buriad 
amons the Giiillcinins,' but Iliftl he wrote 
bis 'Travels' in three lan^iagt^. By an ob- 
vioufl miETeadini; of the date on tl'ie totab 
(f for 4") ho plnre« bis (tiBth in 1367. 

But the RiOit important pii>ce of «vid«iue 
for iJw nnthnr'n idoiiiitv \va« madr known in 
1866 (S. UnnMASB, in' //jWio/.Ai/r iZ-A/B, p. 
236), thoujjh it wad nut appri«ial>>d tinlil 
1884 (!•:, B. \roilotfios, in Ai-adrmy, xxt. 
2([1). Thin ia nil extract, iiiiuk- by lh<r Li^so 
horald, Louie Ahr? (151U-1720). frum the 
fotiTth book, now in<i, of thv 'M)rt;iir doa 
Ilt»tori>,' or ' G'-niToI CliPonicIn,' of Jcrni daa 
Prola or d'Outrvmuuso (1S3»-I3»9>. It ia 
t« this oQVct : ■ In 137:^ died at Ldigc, 







13 rn^l Not., ■ nun of very distiaKuubed 
birui, bat oonient to ]aa» then* utioar tbn 
naiDFof "J«inil>t IViurgngiii^ <)ii aUBarW." 
til- n'vcal«>l liitn*rir, liowi'ti-r, on lut d«iitl>- 
bod l4i iean (l'Ouiri<iDi»ti>i-, bis frii-iKl iitii) 
executor. In fact, in luK will In- KtvM] liiui- 
•elf "MaKiireJtan iltMaiiilt-ville.chflvatier, 
cooitc de Mont fort «n Anuli'lLTreet wi^eur 
da ri»l« d« Cunpili et du Ctiateau PerouH." 
Bariii^, hovrever, bad the miffonnnB tu kill 
in hU own couulry n nninl (or fwl), •Khoat 
hodow ant namp, W bound liimBalt to tro- 
n>nw tliTi'v ftai' of ibi> wurld. IIv etaa* to 
Li>p< in l''U:i, niid, ulihi>ii|rli (if vi'pv*')iall*^ 
tuiK. ba jiniftTrtii III irt^ji liiiufa^lf tlnJi* con- 
M*)L-d. Ilf WM. liesuloA, a ffwC natiinilist, 
and a profMind philooojili^r mid nsir')li>^er, 
and he hud aljove all an e\>^ao^iiIlnryknon-- 
]«lgn of nxniiciTip, nivly dtv^irin^ liiin(«lf 
wlira hp pave hU ojiintnn ns i» a|mtirnt'K 
clwDemi of n-cowrv. On )ii» dr-aib li>' wan 
int^rrvd nmnnff tlD-liuilli-bntiuiin ihi'inburb 

^e J. it* I'rei; 1)SS7, \\ csixiiit- D'OuIm- 
mMWO a^in mentions Manil(>vili>> in liijt 
'TivMfWr d(>P]iiluM])liiti Nnlurollv ' <Uil>1. 
Na(..fond«fran7.,I:f:{^6). Wiilwutcornpot- 
iaf Kita with I>c ]toiir|>ORO'-' '>* lticr<o stvW 
him 'Soignrurdc Mnnfort,' Ac, and ifHOt<>i> 
a«T*fal MBna^t in I^lin from a 'l.apidairo 
dc« Indov,' of wlucb bv n»t» hv wn* lUo 
atilbof; a French rcTfioii*>f >h<; * Lajndiurv' 
irai printtd undrr Mnndctillf'a nam« at 
J.yonHBb»ut l''>30. IVOuiKniuuM also ai- 
Mfta ibtt MaDdcvilltt Uted M:veii jeara at 
Alcxaadria. an<l ibut a Saracpii friend garc 
bin fottw fine jewela, wLicli liu (D'Outre- 
BMnuv) al^em-anls ocqiiirtd. Ai to Jran de 
BQUJ^tagDu h la Barbr, lliv raae U Dllicrwi«c 
fcnown an that, uf tlu> author of a trraliM- on 
tbe|>la7Ue< Mantt%cri[itaiif this an;vxi4tnt in 
lAiiti, Ftead), and Kni;li*h, tliu nutliorponit!- 
liinn btanir called 1>« Ilucdt^tia. Ite Biir- | 
dMUi&C : and il is »i);niliraiit that a French 
0017 orininally formi-d part nf llip samv 
mani>M-rii>t a* the Paris Mnndi'tillc 'Tnivrls' 
of ISri (],. Cit. dr> .U.SVf. mrift 
Jtarraui, !-''<•*, I'. '-''>2|. Tlic c(>l>i|>hr)ii of the 
tmiiiH- fiat it waH rAHi]iO!n-d b_v Jimii de 
IlMU(Ci|[ne ii la Ilarbe tii IS&'i at Lii^if'. wierv 
he ud before written other ii'ible scientific 
mwkai aad in the text he rhitms to have had 
Ibrljr years of tDcdicnlexp'.'nFnce.and to have 
writteii Iwo |>revioiiK tmcts on kindred euV I 
JMts. lit* mppnan aimiii, aa' Jolin with th« | 
tteonl.'in thr* Ijilin iidcntr vrninn of Man* 
dtirilIi'*a'Trii\i!»." ^fnuJnvijlH it therw iiiad» 
ta My that, whtin id l\i!\ jit, be lact abaul the 
Bultan'a aiun a veiit-rablu and clever i>bv- ' 
dcian ' fpninir fTomoufowii parts;* that lont; . 
•flcnrarda at Li^, on hi« way hoiii9 in ISCi), ' 

I1B recogniwd the aome pbyiiciaii in Ma«ler 
John ' nd Barhnmi'tvliom he eoniulted when 
loidup with arthritic ifout in ibe Mrtet Baaaa 
Saun-niirv; and Hint he wrote the account of 
bia wnnd<Tiii|[N at MaKler John's instignlirm 
and U'iih his uid. Tlio mmo story bos evm 
bevn <}uoted from a Fi«i)ch manuscript , with 
the Dame Jean de DouTgoffne in full, and I bu 
added detnil that Mandeville lodfred at Lxin 
in the liostelof one Ilenkin I^vo>(Rai:b.M. 

SI. xxviii). As the whole incident is absent 
rom (hi' Ftviich inanttBcrifrla gciiMnlly, it 
coiild hanllv have ffirnrnd ^rt of the orici- 
ital work ; but ii tnrirks 11 s'agq lAwards tn« 
actual idi-mifieation of !>■ Rourgofme with 
Mandeville, as assorted liv D"l)iHn'miruiw*a 
chnmicle and implied in tec ejiitaph, whieh 
llXlutremense pnbnbly composed. But, ad* 
mi I tin;; this icieiitity, thetv ia the ntiestion, 
Wbich of the twn nsroeF:, Mandeville <a Ito 
B')iirKi>p)(', wtii" authentic V 

If I »'(")utry^in>-iiio reported tnilv, DcBour- 

Sopnc in bin will c!«itn<-d not, only to be Sir 
obn Mundi'ville, but count, f>r enrl, -if Mont- 
fort iu En^'Inml. Sueh a title was certainly 
nt;vt>r borne hy tlii? Mnndt'villir faniilv, and 
tilt' probabilitv i* ilint it, lik* the other ap- 
pcllati')!! {'scipipiir d^i I'ielo de Camj-di «t au 
Chaleaii iWiiwu'tuinn by n'Oiitremeuseto 
hismysionoiufrii^nd,Wft»aficlioii. DTluIr^- 
meas«'a account of tlic cause of his friend'a 
d«partur« from Kiieluiid rosy W poasiUy 
based on hialorioal fad . althoujili thu iarat> 
tifraliou is fidl of dilhciilty. 

Otte J0I1D de DurKoyoei who wos in Ed- 
ward U'a niga chatnbcrlaiii to J(>hn, baron de 
Mowbray, touk putt with his master ia the 
rilling Ojiqinitt thvtw« DeMpciuxTs, lli« king's 
rnv'>urit<^4, in 1 i)-1 . The [)t»p«»Mers wen thon 
Uini.ihiil, ami Tte Bitrvtiynewns, for kii> sham 
iullwallnck'in (heui, {mrilonrd bv imrliomeiit 
on!iOAii^.l3i](/'<»V. HW/,App.p. 
IfiT.diT.iii.p, flltt). Next ji-ar ibt- Dtsjieuwrs 
were recalled by ihc kini;,and ihey defeated 
their encinic! at BorDUghliridj^e on 1': March, 
wlien, Mowbray, IV Biirgoyiw's mnsiCT, was 
i!xecuti-d. John dn Hur)(oync tbiu lout liia 
patmn, and in May litti own position wa« 
aeriouijy endnnnen^l liv the formal revoca- 
tion cf his curlier parCltin, si* thai he had 
cop-'Ht reiiAons for quitting Ent;land. Man- 
deville. in bis ' Travel*,' profcsM-" to Uavo 
left, tis native coiintr)* at ^lichse!mU'« 1S32. 
Tliin cnincidrnrr nf dslr \% far fmm proving 
that, tbr Buramni! in Mdwliray'* nTvic* is 
identical with uik Ji-an d<- BiiiirK«|niii wlio 
died ai l.iei^e in 1S72, and who im cmlitrd 
br D'Oul reueujte wiih nssumina th« aliat of 
Mandeville; hut their identity i« not iuipoa- 
Mible. It would account for such knowledm 
of England as is shown now and I ben in the 




*Tnv6b'{ in the remtrtta, for example, on the 
of the piwinloiivui "f Mau^leviUe. J-or HiiT- 

■MUtitaD of a rml .lolin Ao Mnnili'VilW, I>T<)- 
ItaliSv of Mnrsltwofid, who, inipUciiti'd in 
lai'i in llic dcftlU of I'icr* Gavvatou [i). v. ]. 
WM pardom-d in l-*)!-} (>&. U. dir. ni. p. 
11S8). Tlii» MonA villi- wM not ftppnft'nily 
iuvulvcd ill ihv v*i.'iit* of l-U'.', aiiA would 
liiuiffelf be looulJ lu 1^1 'J to rnnlit; it miuoc- 
afale to ideniifv liim in any wnv Willi tli« 
friend of IVOutrtmcase, who di'id f^\xty yeara 
later, in 137J. Hut lii* narn*- tuiubt easily 
Iittvo birrti ndoplcd by Burpjyuc, tin; esde 
of im^. In uiiy cusr,', tliv |iiv>>iiin|iiioi) i« 
thnt till' LiSifi' Tikvflidim'e \rw. iiuiui; was I'o 
Biiuriiofciic, unil ilioi \iv wtoto tli« ■ TrnvcU' 
uii(iortUe|ii>iMidi>iiyraorMant!fviUc. \\ liotker 
D'Ouctvmi'uwi wii» lii» dupL' nr nccimiplitf i» 
Opfln to dmibt. l")'Oiitrrioi.!'im- was imt ovur- 
flcriipii1aii», for tlic truv<'!» wliirli M ti iid«viUt< 
toolt from OdurU'lit; in liiru ii'uk tr-iui Man- 
deville, inseTtiMv: iIihiu in thu ' Mymur' fts 
lliow of liis fuToiirile liero Ofiior Ic Dnnoie 
(ed. MorjKHl, 1873, iii.57). 'flicTR ore sign^, 
too, llat lie may nt Iptist hnvc bei-n ns'P'tii* 
aiblo for the Ijitin vcrjion of MutnluvilloV 
'TrBVf^ldp'iu wliifh nititT'ii nJiiiii* iilsn oreurs; 
bill if III- liiid nit liiuiil in th" iirii;iiiul, lit- bad 
*invl<? iDioinn of <ii-tL'CLiii>i it« diiiracter ; his 
«wii iiiitbtirilii" fur the L-xtant bnok» of llio 
'Myreiir' (C/injiiir/ut^. p. xcvi iiicludp ncorly 
all t]io«e nhidi Maiu)i-vill<^ used. 

The success of the * Truvpla ' wns rnniirk- 
ablp. Avowpilly uriitcii for tli" iinlnirm-d, 
and combining itiT<-n'>l of iiitiU<*riiiii) aijuuini 
miuiilicily vt siyk, ihi- linuli hit tbe popu- 
lar ln»lf, and in a marvel-kiviiiR bjjo its 
iiKiit exi mrnfiaut fealiirc>) probably hnd t.hc 
greatt'si cbarin. No inediE^val work wa* morp 
widely (lilTiised in the vemncular. and in 
Kiiffli'^h esiji.'cinlly it Irrsl. wilbing. iirnirx 
apart, by Irannlution, lliu philnloiiimil valno 
of iht' m.'vi'ml vcmiiitiji U-ing alwi connideiv 
Blik>. Ili-«idcii tbi> Frt^'iii'h, Kuijli^h, aiid Latin 
twKtii, ilioriMin'mlwrsinllulianaud Spanish, 
l>iit4'ii and Walloon, Oennan, Hoheminn, 
DauiKh, and Irislii nnd nome thnx' hundred 
inantiairripts are «itiil tii huvo Kiirviveil. In 
Knglish lip. VoKt-'l" iMiiiinLTttlii' thirly-fniir. 
Id the Itritifli Aliii^ouiii urn l.i^ii Fnmrh, iiinu 
Knelicib, Kjx l.titin, tiin'i^ fiiTimiii. and two 
Irinn iiiniiiiicri]il». Tin- wnrU wa* iiliifiriiinsed 
not only liy I)'t)iiln-mi>ii4ii, but by the Ito- 
varinn Scbdtbi'rpLT. who rotiirneil 
homf in 1 1:^7. ^lore Qurioii»ly ^lill, ns Mr. 
I'&BPt ToynhM had laTelv provwl {ifonumiii, 
lSii-2, xxi. 2-JK), Christine di> l*i"rtn. in 1402, 
liorrowed from il largely in hi-r 'Chumin dfl 
I>oi»(rli»tude'{Tv. 1101-16tW); thetibylvrho 

conducted Christine in a viiiinn ihrniiirh lli« 
oth«r world iiret showed ln-rwliitl whm worth 
fu>(<ini[ hriv- in lArms olmnit i<U'nt)c«l with 

Ai'i-ordinp to M, Pordiar th« first 4>ditiQn 
in typL- wail the (i'-rman viynioDof Olio roa 
IlicmL-ringcn, printed proboblr at lUl^itboiit 
I4rC, but an pJitioii in Du.t«Ji is thoii]|;ht to 
Imtv nppeart'd at l^s^l ne early ma 1470 

aa8), Another Gi-rmnn ver>ioi> by .Miidiol 
Volaer was printed nl Au^bji^g, 1441. The 
earliest edition of thi; I'V-uch text ii> dntvtl 
Lyons, 4 April HSO, and wn» upt-L'dily fol- 
lowed byoMtond.LyonisPbVb. 11^0-1, The 
yi-ir 1-1>^ iilsv i^unr «ii t-ditii^n in Italian, 
printed at MiLun. Tho earli'-m Laiiu editions 
iin: undated, Imt one liae boin M«i|(nt;d,oa 
p>od (rrounJg, to (icrard l<eeii of Antwerp, 
14'''', In Engliali lln- cnr!iK«l dalixl editi<Mi i* 
that (if \V^^lli>^l di' W'lrdi--, US'-', reprinted in 
\•}'^•i. It vra^ pcrlinpfl im-Cfilfd tiy Pynsoti'a, 
ti iiniqnt' iropy <ff wliicli in iu tlip Mrttin ille 
Libriiry, No. C7I3. Au tHlicinii by T. Kste, 
I'liW, wHUains virtually the saiuB wooilculi 
whidt have been repeated down to our onn 
days. Fifteen editions iu Enj^lish before 17iS 
are known, all, as before staled, of lUu deifec- 
iiTO t«3t. T!ic edition of Cntton MS. Titus 
C. \^^. in 172.*j nnd it? reprint* have nln-ndy 
been mi-ntioni^d. Modeniiiied fnrnwof il h«r# 
tw-i-n edllcd by T. Wri«ht.- FarlyTrnvftlB in 
Paleitine,* 1P4^ and by II. Morfi-y, 1*86. 

[Eui.7.i. Brir«tini«i. tfih tdll. 1883, iv, 47S. 
nrt. on Maudpvill* by Sir 11. Viilo uud E. B. 
S'ii>h()!«i>n. iiTid niithoriti'-i lh«opvrn; V<iiigo 
aii'l Tmvnili) nf .Sir J, MunnilfTfiln ({•-■it. front 
Coll. MS, Titiw C, xvi.l. i-d. J. O. HiiUiwtU. 
U3fl; 'the Iluke uf Juhn Hj.iir«leviil«, eA. 
G. T. W«mFr(Iin»btirghi'Clnl)), cimiRinini! tlin 
tot in, M.^. \i>bi) and French.* 
full iiitri-liK-tioi], ivjU'Duii tli« S'luviiti.jic, 11:89; 
.\. U'ii'aiiN;lu'ii'B l.'»t->rBUcliuo|;cii libcr J. v. M. 
and diu (jiiellen fiir kciilc- RviHtivvchrviliung. in , 
(heZriMfiipifKBr Kritkondo. Boplin, 1888. xiiil. 
li>l: J. V<isiil*'« Die unevdmcklsn Uieini»cli«a 
Vertioncn MaTiil«Till»'i. Crsfeld. IHHG : Vo^U'i 
HnnilKehrifllidii' l'ii<rmiiehiiiii;*n \\\wr diu M)>i 
gliwlin Ver»ton Mnudrvi llr'», PrctcM, ISWI. InT 
llui Iii»t itiii-'jrtrmt tract Dr. Voi;i-li urttn.* ihut^ 
ihirru «Hrr i'n(,'>aiillv l»'i> iiiiii,-[X-'iiili-iil Kiisiltab 
TornoiK.ilii' oldur (ISUCI-lllli.l) fmin llii- talial 
(K. L.), the Mhor (nbout I iOO) from thp I'rcmih 
(K.F-); thnt K. I., m only pr«»nnr-nd in a mnU- 
\nln\ I'lirm in liodlelnn titim. ■• Mus. 116 nnd 
Hn«'l.»9i ibm Cott. MS. Titu*C. nvi. is acoigr 
oTB.F--. tlini from «iiij|hermiiiiliit-<dfofiy s[iraiiK 
nil thf> nmiiiiHrripl 1 of llie dufiTliTP texl; and 
Cliat l'4ivrt. M^. I !'82 is n r«visel and niucli W , 
ptoml nliliun uf rhu drfi-rlirv toil, tb« «dit 
in i-rdee to umi-n'i and Rll tip fft'pn, luing B. 
tbroughoui, and own^niLlly a copy of Uw < 




giukl t-'n«icfa t«st. Dr. VugvU is imv •Dgnnd 
am k cniical MlHinB of Uia Fmiieh IkiidMnie. 
For the biUkwraphj^: H. CnnlMr's Bihlioihii.'u. 
Sbikai. ISB6. li.»: B. Ruhrichi'* Hibl. 
0*«wr. PabMiinte, 1890,i<p.7S-8<>; U. ConliHr* ^ 
J. Af Miui>)(^iU>- iRElmilduT'iniiigPfto. T«l. ii. 
So. *'). LrylcQ. 18&1.] O. F. W. ' 

^ILLLAM i^i:. iliirJ Kvkl or Emcx and 
' Cut-XT or v\r>iAi.i: {d. \ ItSl*), third | 
offrcy dc MandcvilU'i rul vf El:tacx { 
[o, T,], 1^ hip wifu KnbnK-, daiiphtrr of 
Aubrer d<! Vcn.' f rf. 1 141 >, gn-rtt lUdiiihcr- 
lain (RorxD), Kpi-iit. bin ymiili ut' tlio mitrt 
of the CounL or t'lmiderx, and rKo^irod 
knvhtbood frura Philip, an^inv'iLTds ount 
(if. llHl). On thi! dc*iu of his brother, Karl 
OeoflreT, in IIUKt, hp camr ot-erta li^neluid. ^ 
«u woU rcw-ij-cl by llonrr II. and mic- ' 
ceodcd his hmlhrr as Ritrl -t Ganex and in 
fait entaW* Alter TLtitin^ hit* mpthcr, wlin 
WM itici>D*<^l ii^rniiMt the monka <>f Woldi-u ' 
Abb»7, R«N*x, hur biiybaiHrH rouuJalion, 
becwua tb^y Iih*1 aucceedvd a^in*t her 
will iu ottLiiainLi the body *>( ber sod, Eitrl 
OMiffr«y, aiKl b&d tniried it in th«ir church. 
WiUiain vt'iit to Wa]d«D to prnv at bi« 
bfotber'a tomb. H« »boww) hiniKHlf highly 
<liiinlw<1 will) ihr tnonkx, tniuli! t.Uticn fi't^e 
m nia Iwntbi^'ii WAtcharKi-Tiiiidnriuii, whicb 
tDM had nnrfiri'd »* a monutry od'erin^. 
■no oomplaiiied hilti^ly tUui his ThIIivt bad 
tfivco llii-m the pitroDn;,''- 'if ibe cburche< <m 
Bu fiefs, H) ibal bohiid not a sinslo bf^iv'tic^t 
«rtu>rewith loTv<«-iird one ofhisderkf. Tbtr 
eoBveni pivfi him gitia in ordvr u> pncify 
him (.Vnnimlieriti, iv. HHt, Hv waji coii- 
itaatlv in itlt-mbincc On the kin^, and was 
tlMntl^rti mucli out of Rr^IoikL Ifi> wn§ 
wiiL Henri', oi IJmo^eA and el(*wben'. in 
the tprin^ of 1173, and swow lo tbo apw*- 
BOlt boLween (li« kini; and thcConnt. of 
3ljitirwBn^. Later in tbo yMirliPwu utill 
with H^nry. iind nmiainini; faithful to bim 
wiMO tbn mbolliun br»l(i> out, vtiu one of 
iht l«ad>>r« of tbf royal amiT whan in. \ufrust 
Lnuu VII m* inrading nonBuidy. In o 
akinaiih b^tw^i^a the Enf^luh and Friiirb 
kughta betR^'n Gicots and Tn-s, bu tnok 
b^lniB of Trie prisoner. Me atiMtwl Tho 
tt[neaktat betir>>«n II>-iirr&nd ttu> kin^; of 
SootAat Kalaiw in Hctobor 1174. w** pruMnt 
•t the aiibmiMion of tbc vounf^cr Ibmrr lo 
Ilia father nt Hur on 1 April 117I>, una to- 
turning to Knglaud, )>r»bably viUi ihc kiag, 
waaat thecvurl at WindHorinOctobur, and 
a t taa fa d tlw trvatT with thu \isan of Con- 
nan^l (Bbxbdici-, l Q0.»2, W, 109). In 
ilarch 1177 h«att«Dd«d the court at WMt< 
imiut«r, Aod woa one of the wiin«woa to 
ika laa^a ' fjpanub award.' Later ia the year 

h« tookth'' croia, Joined hU old eompAnion, 
Pbiiip, count of FUikIcts, who had paid a 
viait to Eti)(hind, and tct out with bim 
on a cnuNuk^ tukinK with bim thi; prior of 
^ValdeuutlusobupUiin. Uaviiii; joined forces 
at J L-rusttlt-ui with tlw Kni;:hle Trmvlara 
end IlospitulUn and Kt.-)^iuiLlil of Cbalilluu, 
i'bilip uadthc carl laid tKgs to the caslleof 
liorcw;, nod at tha end of a month, on the 
^>proach of Suladiit, allowed the gnrrisoa ti> 
ratuomthcmaulw-a. On^i^Nov.lhcCbritftiana 
^int?d the preat Tiftory of Ramlnh. Tliu 
ransom fiaid (o ChJlipund thueiirl wus found 
to mofliaC of bssa un^intx. 'I'bi^y li^h J(7rui«- 
lem after Baslw 117S, and on fl t)ct. the 
earl rrtiirned lo ICn^Iftnil, brinirin); with him 
n larcc number of iilkrn hun^nntrs, which hs 
iii!iributt(i niimnp ibtt churchr* on his fieft. 
llff vi-iitdi Wiildri). nnd wns rrccived with 
hiinour. b.'iviiii; trivrn ibr b"iiNr wiinc of tho 

iillr.-l 'ifhin nilk (.VrjjJrtfl/lWf. iv. 144). 

The Piirl WSJ uKiiiii in tiiin|iany with 
Philip of I'iandera in 117!>, and joined him 
in atccnding Loais Vfl wbeu be caroa to 
England tovinit the shrine of Si. Tbomuof 
Cnnti'rbury. Ott 14 Jan. 1180 he married, 
at bin ca<tl« of Pbwhey. V,f*ex, Uavice, 
tlaui^ilor and h<dn-«« nf William, count or 
RHrlof .\uinAle (f/. IIT'.''l nnviri-d frcim 
the kingf ibr rounly of Ainnule and all thfit 
pertained to it nn both nidi** of th« rbaMii>l. 
wilblbotitleof Aiunalei Dicrto. i.3l. Fn>iu 
tbiA diit« he ia d«-fcrilx>d aotnetimes by Llie 
title of .Aiiiuiili' and Bomelimes by that of 
Hi^wx. In llKli bd was sent by Henry on 
an i-n)ba«Ky ta rb* Emmiror Kr^dmr I. to ui- 
wn-exJe for Henry tha Ltim, ilultn of Sniony. 
When war broke om belw(iL-n Ilainnnlt, slip- 
parted bv I'hilip of Fniner? unJ Flnndoru, 
tinri Willinm was rnlli?d iipnn by ihi* Ouint 
of b'lnn'Ujr^logu to hie aid, and lieobeytd tho 
Rail (tA. ii. S'2, wben> the count U deacribed 
ajt tbi*- 'dominiiit' of Eart WiUiam, which 
maktw it twrtain that tbo earl rau$t have 
held some fit-fnftbxwmnt). In October 1 18(1 
be was twic« sent a« ambaacndor to T*hiHp 
with refercinoe to a trnc* b«tw«?pn thn two 
kin^. Finding; that I'bitip vau thrcatanin^ 
liisoni, ll«nry«eiiT Earl William Iiofn Eng- 
land to di'fnnd it. and, coming over to Nor- 
mandy abnrtir aft^rwarda, woa met by tbf 
inltI at Aonialo about the end of Pebruorr 
1187, and gavv liicn tbt; command of a diri- 
tion of hifl army. In coiniiion with th« kinff 
and many other lorda, hv looh the crooa in 
Jontiarv 1 188 (Ralph OP CoooEsiuxj^ p.S3). 
Ia the [at« summera French onsy, that woa 
ravaoinr tlie Nottiiau bord«r, under the com- 
tnandof the Iliabop of Ufa>iiai«, bum^ his 
coatle of Aomllo. IL) niarcht-d with tht! kins 
I acroM the border, took part with Kiuhard a 

Poiuni in • fcatttc mt Muitci, bonu St. CUir 
ia tkt Vesiii,aa<l(UatrmdsfiiiopUatotMn 
duu tbtt French king had nude Uwm. WU- 
liaiB vw wttb tlie Innx durinit bin l&it (Ujre, 
AooompanuKlliiiiiiuhufliffbt from LeM&ni 
in June IIBO, uicl at huro()UFaL joiumI Wil- 
llvn I'lURalph in swearing tliU if ill cbibs 
b> Ileory ihejr wooLd {pr« up the NormaD 
cutl«4 to DODvmvfl ltiBfOnJohD( f^lffn Gai- 
fridi, Tol. i. c 4). At Um corooalion of 
Ricfaiu-il I tba earl carried t1i« cmnii in lii« 
tttiid*, wnlkiof inniediAtely befiuo Eielurd. 
A fsw d«fal4t«r,at tbe council st PJpew«ll, 
NoniiamiibMMlure, the king sppoinied liioi 
cUaf junieisrjouttty wiih Itishop Hugh of 
[>urhsni. At > council at Luudon the ehrl 
tooli ui atlli on Uio kinj;'* behalf, befnre th«< 
Pr«DehKnibuuilnr,lli«i Richard would tSMt 
tha French kins ilie follnwinff tprinff- II> 
thes went into Nornuuid^ onthsKinp^iibusi- 
aMa, and died withrmt luua ut lti>UL-» on 
U?ii>r.ll8©(Di(.-Bio,ii.73j. H*>wa« buried 
IB tbo abbey of JfortotBer, Dear AumUe, his 
liaart, act^nnling to on« aocontit, bfeiiigeetit 10 
Wal'litii iiVonant. iv. 140, but comp. p. 145). 

^fnudcvilli wiuininLlUnt and wnrliKninnii, 
'u Idy«l u hia futlicr vni laithl<49i'(Non- 
«AT]9).' Beudet nuking a grant to Waid<^ 
(lA. iv. 1 Itil, he founded a bouae for Aurii4> 
tinian canons railed Slonel«]r, at l£iitiboltoti 
in IIitnlinKdoiuhiTp {I'tt. vi. 477), ^re the 
innnorr>fCliippcnhant, (.'ambridji^Mhir^,!') the 
Knifjht* Ilfi*pitAll4>n) (1%. p. MU| ; lloitpit/il. 
iert in Jiii^!, ||j>. 7n, 2^M}, ihi<\ land* to 
Heading Abbny [M^Mutiecn, iv. 3o), nnd to 
the iiiuiaofCltrl»owftU(»fr.p.«3),fttid cithu 
tOlIi«iiriory ofCo!ne,£Mex(»fr.p.l02). Uia 
widow ftiirrirt'd liiiu, und ihbttlmI for her 
weoad btasbacd Willium dv l-'ortibus (*t. 
1106), bringiaj; liiin tbi) onrldom vf Aumile 
or Albomnrle, held br Lis stia William (<f. 
1S4S}. Aflcr tLo death in U'l9of the Coun- 
tca* Harice'* third huitliiiTid, Ifnldwiii de 
lletlmnu, wbo held tho vuldont hr life (Jun 
uxom) (Doxlb; Stubim up, Huvkdeh, iii. 
•KMIm, comp. BsXBDiCT, ii. U2i).>,tbc county 
of AuinillQ wna giTwn by I'biliu of Franou 
to Kt^iu&ld, count of BouloKiiv (OirLtKUiira 
ABHoniiTL-a It]). Sfcueil, xrii. 100). 

[I}snr-<lict'it l)(?»la Iliyii. II i>t Ric I, voh. i. 
ii. (Rotla Sot.); BcwBr do floTwlfn. \ti\a. ii. 
tii. (Bulla Ser) ; Si. do Dicuto. t«U. i. ii. (RoUa 
Sor.); R. d«CDgKMball.pp.a3, S6 (&>Ui Sor.); 
Gomuu Oaot. 1. 30'J, 347 : Oinldwi Caanbr. Viu 
OAlfridi, ap Op]), fr. 3Se [Ri^llaSer.); Ouli«l- 
rauj Artnarieiu ap. lUimcil dt* lli«t, xril. 100; 
Uni^nln'a Mnoiullcnn. ccp. tv. 124 Mq., sub lit. I 
' Wftliit'ii AWiPV ■ — a history of the Mnnditiifilln I 
family: l>iigdare'iiItiiroiiK}u.i.3<l4; Uuj'KaOfS- | 
olal Barvaag*,). 34, 083; Itoand'a Ornlfrey da 
UandeTill*, pp.ftl. 34), iW; NorKalfl'aAniEBiin 
Siogt. ii. 144. 260. 270, 282.] W. U. | 

MA2a>niT. JUIIX tjtf. isiox u»» 
noinvr. [See JJArucm.} 

afAJTFIELO,SiiL JAKES. [See Huts- 

HAKOAN, J AME-S (imS-IMO), Irish 
po«t, commonly cal!«>d Jamw CUn<n(M' Man- 
gnn, Ixtrnat Set. A FiKbamb1«StTirftt, Ilahlin, 
■n 1 Slay DWd, v-a* ann of a groear therv. 
Th« father. Jama* Mangut.a nnttre of Shaaa* 
pildt.-n, CO. LinKrick, had, after marrTinjf 
Cnlbprinu Smtlhvf I'mbaiobh* StroH (wnoM 
faindy IwWgvd Iv Ki1tul>v TO. M««lh), com- 
meoc^d biuinMa ia Dublin in 1901. Id a 
few T««ra the i;ldt^r Manjtiin found himt^lf 
bankrupt thrxi);)! dl^adviMnl fpacuUi i<in« in 
hnuw vrQ]K7ty. Thcfon JamMWWcducal«d 
nt asctiool in Saul'f Court, I>ablttt, where h« 
learned Latin, Spnaixb, Frrncb, and Italian, 
under Father Urahain, an erudite Khidnr. 
But at on carlynKc hu vuoblij^ed to oblatn 
euiiiluyinent in order to sapport ilie (kmily, 
which couei<ted of two brouera and a si«ter, 
beeidofl his parente. ForHTcs,v«atsbetotlMl 
in a scrirener'a and for three ycao in na 
nttomD;r's office, earning small w^:b«, and 
bt;ine MibJMt to mcrcilMi peivncutKHi from 
hi* IcIliivr-clerlM on nceouot of hia ecccotri- 
citieaof mnnner. He aoon contracted a fatal 
paaaion for drink, frntn which he neTcr frwd 
nimself. Dr. Todd, tho eminent antiquary. 
gsTe him some employment in the library of 
Trinity Colle^, and about iS3S I>r. IVtrie 
found him a place in I ho oRice of tho Irish 
grdnnnco survey, but hU irrrznlar habaU 
prerented liis mcre^ tii any walk of lif*. 

Am varly ns I f^'2 ^lanpui had coni ributod 
i^nihciuierMl pirfi-ii (if ivrM to rarioiis Dublin 
HlmaniicM. rhtiM> are enumerated in Hr. 
McCair* uliffht memoir. !nl8Sl hebocnniea 
member of theComft CIuli,«'bich numbered 
some of lite leading Dublin wits amonff its 
tnembers. and he contributed verw to Uieir 
journal, the 'Coisiel,' g«i«n1ly ov«r th* 81^ 
natiirtt of ' Clnrcncc," wliich he snhMqncatfy 
adopted n> oru! of Ilia cliristiaii name*. Ilo 
aho wmtv for a notoriooa abeet called 'The 
Dublin Pitnny Satirist.' He had mastered 
Qermiuiin order toreadOermnu philosophT, 
and i(, was to the 'Comcc' thnt tie aent hjs 
flrat batch of tiermnn tramlntions. In IHSt 
hi* 6rat contribution to tha * Jtublin Univor- 
uty Hn^janne' appMred, and mach pnwo 
and verso fullowwl in the aams pOTiodlcal, 
the majoritvbflingarticlesonOermaii poetry 
with tranaUtiona. He also issued matt/ 
pieces which ho pi^trnfleil wens ninder- 
mgs from the Turkieh, 1'ersinn, Arabic, and 
Coptic, ilewaswhollyiffii^rtinl nfthu«u?lan- 
UruasM, but bie wide rondinf^ in l>ookii about 
thȣiut enabled him to give ma otieaxai 


ooloiiriBr to his tstm. Nor wen his uLipta- 
tiansotlriabixwtTT tnads dirrctljr from tlio 
lit, for M in* i|;noiant of IrUh, and 
' OB pniio UuMlatioiu ina*I« fitrhint 
(rCarryaad JolinO'IM^. His 

gKz'me' brought Lmponani adtUtloiu lo his 
acuity inooine, but ou iadtilgeocs in drink 
was iDv«tenl«. and mdeied him incapable 
of rrgular ap^intion. Ilewrot« oiJjrai 6u 
aad atarU and lived it K«liid«d lifa. About 
1830 bo bitnunfl •muainli'd with rbarks 
(ikov Sir CbarUm dkVMi UuHFjr, who wiw 
tGcn edilin? ibu'BeUiuti VindJMiar,' and to 
thift iotirnnl ^lan^an Ktit some eharaMAn»> 
ticallT hutBoroos piN«3, using tLo Bi;rn>^'V 
of '111* M«n t[i the Ol^k.' Wb^n llie 
■ Nation ' wm Marled in I84L', with huffy m 
edit«r, \tangan wr'itc for the srcond nnmbor 
oTer tho aiffaalur«« of 'Term Film*' and 
' Vaeuac' Diifl^ treated htm f(cm<rouilr and 
gSTo him for a time a fixed salary, but ^Ina* 
l,-ao'> I'xctwieBled (<>difficultic«bi'<nc<-'n tti-ni. 
Ilu ix>iitnbutioua to tW paper (or I he next 
tfaxea jam wen few. Alter ISVi he wrote 

rtfvlulr for Ibe ' Nation,' but wWn 
nd o£tor. Uitcliel, kfi it is 1848, 
followed lum and bocam* a conbri- 

to MitcW* arw papar, tlw ' United 
Iiiahnum,' Poeraaof bia aUo a|if>e«r»d iatlu 
• Irishinan'of 1849,ap«iwr»4art«d afWtba 
tompOFarjr suppraeaioD of the 'Naika,' aa 
WRlJas in tho ' IrUb Tribuo'f' (1^18) and 
'Duffy's Iriali Catholic Ala^-aziuu' (Ir>47), 
tfao lattf-r II Tcnturc of iho publisher l>uirr, 
who most bcdi'lin^Ubcdrntm tho editor of 
tho'Nation.' TltcTariousaignatunMadaiitcd 
tnm time to Liae bj Manxan were, beaidea 
tlioeealreM]; menlioonl.'A Yankn,'' Monan,* 
'Tbf Moume-r,' aad 'lAjTMiienais,' all which 
were used in the 'Nation 'between 1646 and 

Haofan'a friends soofbt in vain to utduce 
Ilia to tain the pledge frooiFulMrUatbow. 
At Wgtli his iBodo of life brongbt on an 
illnnaa vhid neciitwitate'l hi* ramoral to 
Sc. Vbcsnt's IIo>pilal in May \SiS. On 
his neanrj be met witli an acrident and 
was ohliged to enter Richmond Surfcica] 
HoairilaL FinaUf he caught the cholera, in 
tlia mdemic that rac^l in DubHn in \M9, 
•ad dWtn Meath Llocpital nn Wedneadar, 
SOJunA iKtU. Himi^Im b1lis t«lls a lenea- 
tionai tt< -nr to tba eltect that on proceeding to 
the iimpiud behoaid ttoa the houss^uramn 
that Siangan's death vn not eansod hy 
cholera but by ilarcation. ITi'alu> layKtliat 
' in hii ))Ocket was found a volume of Gi>tw 
man poetry, in tranalalinir wbit.-h be had 
faaaa ai|pi^l when stnielt down fay illnoac 
lo his bat were fixind looee papers on which 

his last effotcs in \etse weaie ftebly tmeed 
by his dyicj; hand ' (XlMWDieet irMi# BaUadt, 
Intmd. p, liv). 

Han^^ wiu nnmarri^. In his (aacifu] 

and iintruat worthy nnlobiof^ruby, which 

flR(tappenfi.-dinthc ■ Ifi^McBlhly 'of I8S^ 

and ii included among hid ' ItMayit in Praia 

and \'erBi>.' hi* rulsttis an unhappy Iori>-^ory, 

of which httcUinK-d lobe theliero. Ilispeis 

aonal appearance is tkos deeeribed by Dufly : 

' Wh4>a IM eiaarged into daylight 'h« was 

' drrw*d in a bliiA cloak, midiummM* (>r mid- 

^ntcr, and a hat nf fnntattic (hap^, under 

, whidi goldc-u hair an tiao and niky as a 

, woman's hunr in unkempt tangles, andde«p 

blue eyc9 U^htMl a fae^ as c(dourl«aB aa 

, [ArcLinput. K« IcH.iki-d lik« llie e|«ctr« of 

soma G«<nDan romance rather than a li>'injt 

creature '( rowijF iwtouf, 1883, p. ay; ). A 

portrait of liim, drawn after bin d»«th, was 

i>xM!uti>d by Mr. (now Sirl F. W. Ilurton, 

and ia in tlw National Qalk'ry. Hubtin. 

MaoEau was probably the BTvatrnt of tho 
poets Ot Irish birth, allliou^h bi» nwrils have 
been cxags^iHtatwl by some of fab editors. Ilia 
traaslatiotis and paraphrtMe are renuarkahly 
spirited, and liis coBuaand of latifrua^ ia tw 
leas notable than his tacilityia rnyiniog and 
his oar for akdody. 

Maaaan nercr wrote for aayjounial out of 
Ire1an£ AboutlMnitwos propoeodtofaring 
out an edition of hitt poems in Loodont Qaron 
DulTy olTerinfr to beiar a portion of the ex- 
pi>u»H, but nothing came of tlte pnpoaal. 
Tbiny of Siangan's ballads wen ifsaed in 
Elemilea Ellis's ' Romaaces aod Ballads cf 
Ireland.'Dublin.lSSO; An in conplrle edition 
of his poems, edited by Mitdii;], n»ponr«d in 
Now York in 1859. In lfi84 ihr I&v. 0. P. 
Meehan ediiod a collect ion of his ' Euays in 
Prose and Verse.' But this fails to indude 
an int«reelin^ series of aketchea by hini of 
proininQnt Inshmen which apnenTMl in the 
' IrLshman ' of 1849. Olhrr rolutnes by him 
are: 1. 'Oerman Anlliolney," Sm. 2 vols. 
Dublin, 1H4A; another ediiion, with intro 
(tiiclion by ttir lti.>T. C. P. Mivhan, itaLitled 
'.\nthut«fnHGlennaniea,'It^o, Dublin, 1^. 
2. 'TherofUandPoetWof Muaster.'tTana- 
lated br J. C. M., and edited by John O'Dsly, 
8vo. IJubUn, 1649: aeeond edition. 1S60; 
third edition, with iotroduotorr memoir by 
tb« Iter. C. F. .Meohaii.1884. 3. -The IVibos 
of Iroland.' a satiru by yBngus O'Daly, with 

f»eiical translation bv J. 0. M.,8vo, Dublin, 
KA2. 4. ' Iri«)i and 'other Foonu' (a Rinall 
wilneuon), l->mf>, Dublin, 1886. 

[JohnMcCoU'i Lifeof Jamca 01ar«ae« MaatiaD, 
8T0, Dablin, 1 S87 ; Poems. «d. by Uitehcl, wkh 
Intro'l., Nov York. 1869; (y])oneffhii«'« peeUof 
IiotaDd, p. IM ; UnSft I'lmag Iraland, 1883 ; 

IiidtnWB. 83 June lUft: Imh MoatKlv. n. 11. 
*9i; Baroiha Ellia'a Boomicm abJ BUWla of 
Tnluid, Dublin, 18>^0 i luilhtmtm ciud] 

D. J. O'D. 

MANGEY. TITOVAS (1688-1755), di- 
rinw, «on nt Arthur Maii^r, a goldsmith of 
L«eicl«, wtiH tnirn iii 168a lie wu ediickt«d 
Hi till! Ia«c1k fnw i>clioul. &iid viu >iliniii<M u 
Hubtiixiir lo St. John's CoLlw-, ("niiihriiWir, 
3d June 1701, al thf> agv of sixlntn. ite 
gradu&Ied HA. in 1707 ftiid M.A. in 1711, 
Bad was admltlc^l a fiiDiitP of iil. John's 
6 April 1715, tn 17IIJ ha U deitcribed on 
tli« Titlo-iiiL^t' iif i}]ii' uf hii »erui09U us cb^p- 
Inin «1 \Miiliibult. Iti 171!^ lie lesignMl bis 
fcllnwitUi|k. In 1 7 19 lironrlier Iiti wmsctinitlnin 
to the Binhop of London, Dr. John Kiiljimum 
(17U -2S). In 1719 lie nUn jrococdw! 
LL.I)., und in July 17'ift I>.I>., being one of 
tlie seven vho then Kc^iveil tluiir ftoclonite 
&I the hands of Dr. Rniitlo^. A* deputy to 
i)r. Luplon, pivftchor of I.ineoln'i Inn (who 
died >n Deoembor 17i!tj), b<> diiliven<d n ^riei 
of diftCourw* on the Lord's Praver, of which 
1 second •tdition appi'ared in ^717. Kmni 
171" to 1719-20 hfllieldthe iwtrtry of St. 
Nioliolii»,Qttildford (Mutyixo,«w«'<'y, i.68), 
Uid i)ul«t!qu«Dtly the vicnMpi of KaUn^, 
MiddK<»t!X, wliicfi ho miipni-d in 17r>l, unJ 
tlio wclory of St. MildrwlX Bread Streot, 
whirb he rottiiied til! Iij»<!i-fiih. liiMfiy 1721 
be viu pmentod to Ibi- lifth stall iu Hiirhatn 
C'iitbedr«l,an<i promotod froto that lo t hn (iret 
in JanuBTT 17^- Muig«y diod at Diirlinin, 
OUarch l?l^, and waA bnri«d in Cb« onot tr&n- 

n\\ iif Ilia L-ul ht.-ilrul. Ho mniricd Dorothy, 
aujihltirof Ur. John Sharpo, drchbithop of 
Yorii,bv whom bo It-ft a son, John, oflorwardB 
vicar ai Duiimow, lis*fx, and pn-Umdary of 
Si. l'aulV.whc.di(;di« 1762. iCs vridowear- 
rirod luir till I7ft0, 

Mangey was un titliveaad prolific writer. 
Hi» gn-nt. work wu* his edition of PliLlo 
■Tiidn-im, 'PliihmiB Judici Opera. . . tjtiio 
(iiilif liui lIowyGr,' ii vols. fol. London, 1 > i:^, 
in whidi Ilarwnod profffwtid to tluli-ct nmny 
iimccuracius, but which Dr. Eduiwliuiin spoke 
of as still, on the whok-, thii Inwt. Huoie 
TolaminousmaU'riiil* coIImcUmI bv Mangey 
tot this rdilion an: !ii ihi) Additional and 
E^srton MSS. in llw Bril.lsh Muscuin, Nos. 
O447-£0 Bud 414'>7. lie also made coliotioDs 
of di« text of thii Ore^k Testament (.'Vddit. 
andJEIgenon MB^.t:(44l'-'>); whilo his critical 
notes and odverearia on Dioilorui ^iiuliiNniid 
Otber olutical authurs occupy Nni*, &42rr-f), 
Wis, and othpr vuluiii«it of lut: «ame coUeo- 

His printfii worko. tx^Kidea the 'Pbilo,' 
Br« chii'fly ocnuoiiK, and polemical treat iseM 
agaiiut TuUud and Wbiston. Ua« Toliuns 

of collected Nirmonf \ty him was ]iubludied 
in 173?. Hi»* R*-niiiri(< upon •■ NMarenua," 
whi-ntin tb« Falsity of Mr. Tolaml's Uabo- 
metanR(Mprl,&c.,aT«i<*t forth,' 171!^ called 
forth murv than one TMJoindvr. Totaiid r^ 
plied to it the ye&r aAer iu hin ' Tf^tradymiu.' 
Another of hia trealisea, 'Plain Notions of 
oar Lord'a Divinity.' aUo pobliahed in I7IB, 
wasanswered the same year by 'PluleloutJiiv 
rusCantabri{pansia,'i.e.Tharaas llt>mo[(|. v.j 
l-AntboriliMdiuited; Bnkur'illist.of .Si. Jnhn's 
CoUiv*. Ounbt-idge. ed. 'Ma.yor. t. 3U2-» ; Hut' 
rhiiiKm'i Uitt. and Antliinitiu of Ifarbam. ii. 
178; Le Strt'a Fasti, iii. SOB; Nti^lii'ii Lit. II- 
luxlr. ir. Ifi2, he. ; varioaa valiinu» of tha Ad- 
ditional aad Kxcrioa USS., mogiug from tiH 
to6«7.1 J. H. L. 

c«llaii«oii£ writer, wa«cile<>ceiid»)fraiB Uu^n^ 
not iMCMtrm, one of whom, Kti«Da« Slannn, 
vrim hiinit nt ^Inaiix, noiir l*, on 7 Oct. 
Initi. Th<^ litmilv lut^atiHl to Irclaud and 
•iMtlttdat thiblin. ' IlLvfathitr, Samunl IltwTy 
Mangin, orii.'vially in the oth royid Irish 
dragoons, afterwards lisutcnant-colomsl of 
the 14th draaoons. died in French Si.rwt, 
Dublin. 13 Julv 17iHi, hv'mg tlif-ii lit^id.'nwit' 
colonel of the ISthC Prince of Wnle(i'4>linhi 
dragoons. Ho toarried, in SoptrmlxT 17W, 
SiiKannft. ComtiiUi^, aImi of Fmich oxi rnotioo, 
■who di«d in DnbUn 21 Il«c. li*24, and both 
wore bnrtod in ihi.- lIuf;urnol burial-groiiiK) 
at DubliD. ICdward, tbi-lr »'ldt*l ana, wa# 
honi iu that city on 1^ July 1772, aiid matii- 
tulutfd from Ballio] UoUep,-, Oxford, vrhcra 
liu wuH contemporary with Soulh>^v, on 
» Juno 17U;.'. Il<< grwluated B.A. in'l793, 
M..\. in 17U'5,aiid was ordainod tn tho Irish 
chnroh. On 2 March 1798 hitwaa collaiod 
to the pn^ibimdnl nlalL of DvMit in Killaloc 
Oaihi-dml, wliitli hii \aciitmi onlfiJrui. LSOO 
by bif collation a^ prvhHiiiIary of Kalh- 
michai'l in .St. Patrick's, Diihliu. Thin iirr- 
ferment he sunvndeTcd on 1 Dec. l^Kl, wiieti 
ho bcconio prcbvndary of Rntb in Killaloe, 
in which position he remninv^d until his death. 
For a few mniiths (April to lii Aug, 1812) 
ho was navy clinpluin in tliu flloiiccstcr, • 
7'1-Kiin ithip. Hi- dwiOl for some time at 
ToiitiiuHc, and li<: wkm in Pari^ at. llir limo of 
it.* occutiaiioii by the allird armlui : hut for 
nearly liie whole of bis wiirkinw lifi- ht^ liv«id 
at llalh. A man of wide rvadini; and of 
fascinating cunversation, combined with a 
uatiiral aptil iidc for drawing, and with a re^ 
markabld m"mory, tlit* iHWw.'Wtion of ampl« 
moaiu enabled liiin to Npfiid hi* time in 
Ktudv. and he was uiiivonially mtvi^igod as 
the head of the Uternry nmdsnt* of lluit 
city. Ho died in aleep on lUe morning of 
17 Oct, 1663 at his hoii»e, 10 Johualooc 








8u«»t. Bub, nnd was baned in t)i« altl 
burial-flTtnind of DaUiwIck. lie tnBrri^d in 
1800 Emily Hotme*, wbo died ia Dublin 
14 July 1^1. leannfT one daufflit«r, Emilj:. 
On I Julv 1(116 bemaiTwdiKlQuMtiSqHftpn 
Clmpvl, lUtb, Muj, dau^h(<>r or>utHnai)N 
onloovl Nu^wtro of th* Kutt Indian annv. 
Sb» diad in Bath Ifi Mar iKtii, leaving two 
•oiu, tlie Rev. R. N. Mun^in, at on« time 
vicar of \VoodLDfu-wiih-Ni!whi(fgin-by-.Sea, 
?tonliuinberlaud.aadlLt- ICt-v.l^.W. Mangin, 
BOW reoior of We^ Knoyle, Wiliahire, and 
tm» daugfator, Harj Henrietta, wbo u ua- 

Uangin pubtiohvd manv workx, original 
And traiutlatiTil, but. tbi>y fail tA rondcir ndih 
qnatcjiutico to bin talctiu. IIi« prnduetioni 
wef*: 1, 'Tbo l^te of C. G. Lunoi^non 
Mal<itiberb«*,* tranalattd from ibt> Freiu^h, 
1*<M. a, 'The }>«««in«d CSit' tanon, but 
with • dedication sfrned E. Si.), IM)&. It 
wa« a po»m on Itoth in snmcanr, piuvidving 
nflldmuthV ' Ik-wrtdd \'ittn|i^.' S. ' iJipht 
RcadinfC at L^ikum Ilonm' (anon.), 1M)5. 
4, 'Odditito* and OutJin**, by E. M..' lSOt>, 
9 Tolfe, ^. 'OtWTjre the Tliird,' a novel in 
thrw vrjlttintw, 1W7, Some of the uD|>rei«- 
MMis bail bis uuiii« on tb« tilte-pof^, and 
others «-«!« auonymowi. It cuntaioed (i. 
71-9^) 'It fow g«ni.>ral direclJons for the 
oondaet of vQanfC ^ntlctnoD in ihtMinivorMty 
of Oxford,' wbica was ' prinltKl at Oxford in 
1796." 8. '\a K»Miy <m Light Hcoding,' 
1806. In tbis wvR) iucludi^a »t>mo rn-eb 
{Kis on Guldsmilb's youth, aftvrwarda in- 
corporated ill the lires uf (inldamitb by 
Pnor and ForiU-r. .Vebon uemolr of Man- 
gin and a letter Jroni bim to t'oretor on 
S4 Aohl iHlt^ are ia tbc latltV» • Gold- 
■ah^ od. 1671, vol. 1. App. 7. ' Euot on 
the Sourre* of the npuiirtv rvcciTcd itfiia 
LitrTaiT C'oropuniiiunn'faiion.), 1809; Snd 
i«lil. (anon.) IAI.1. a 'HKtur, a TragMly 
in fivt' act^, by J. Cli. J. Ijiic« dc Ijunci- 
ral. iraiulai«d by K. Mantrin,' n.d. [IrilO). 
9. * Woifci) of Samuel Kic)iiinl>iia. with a 
^ctch of bis Ur« and WritinK«.' 1^11. 
18 ToU. 10. * Utopia Found: an Apology 
forliiib Ab«rot4t4. .\ddres«-d to n Friend 
In ConnaiiKbt by an Ahsrnicr rf.tidin^ in 
Bath,* Idlft. II. 'Vifw of (bit PIm«<in« 
ariointt friim a Tiovpof B^oJi*." l!*U li. 'An 
Inlerre^itpd Fjii«tU- frum a Pfri^ri in Bath in 
his Friend in I»nJon,' Ilath, IMA; 2nd edit.. 
with pnface and 00108.1815: Srtledil. 181 &. 
Itwaa anairered by an actor railed Asbe in an 
uumymona poem, 'The Fla^elUtor/ Bi,th. 
1B16. IS. 'LeKer to Uishop of Itath and 
W«lboii R«adin« of Church Sorv)C4«,'IS19. 
183?. lfi.'lj)(tFrtoTb(n&ai>M(wntonib«*nb- 


\ ject of Slieridan'i •■ School for Scandal," '1820. 

I 16.'Lifeaf Jeanllarl.naTalcOEainanderunder 

! Louts XIV. From the Freneli. by E. Man- 

IpD.'l^^. IT. 'I'arish Settlements and Tau- 

iwrirm ' (snott.), I^^t^. 18. ' Heminiecmices 
rir Koman dtholics,' 1028. 18. 'Slinrt 
Starit-H for Sltort. StudmtH.' £0. 'Mnn 
Short atori««,' I8.T0. I'l. 'KKiwyon Duri- 
lino; by J. B. SalaviUti*. From thw French, 
by E. Mangin,' ls32. 2l». 'Piowiiina: Bc- 
collertioDa of Mrs. Pioizi,by a Friend,' ISd3. 
23. ' Vsf^rii-s in Vers*, hv author of " Essay 
on Light Koading,"' \SXi. It cant«ins (pp. 
5-14) *Thp !(e*(irti'd City." "^4. ' I-i-l-lw 
to till" AiimipiTM (if Chill liVtnn,' iJtl^.mpind 
R. yi. Fill bidiuvi-d thnC ibn jxiitroii wcrit not 
by rhattertan. 2.1. 'The iVrhiur Window, 
or An«cdoK>s, t)ripmJ Konarks ou Itoohs,' 
18JI. 2'i. ' Voice from the Holy Land, putw 
porting to b& tha Letters of a OenturiOB 
under the Erop^ror Tiberiiie,' n.d. [184S]. 
IT. ' .Miftcallan.'nii* ]'>i*ays,' 1851. 

Thn lier. .Invph lluntiir iNitIc Mangin 
•author of oni or Tnr,r« livi'ly dramatic 
pifci-i.' Hi-ponlributi'd taibL"Iliilb llcrnld,' 
and fuppHud tW Bntb attdBHsio! MbeaiJne,* 
18^2-1, willi two articl™, 'Tbo Itowlfvian 
Conlrowrtv." ii. 5*-!!, and 'Scrape,' ii.2!H)-4. 
In John Forslt^r'B library at llie ffotilb Kvn»- 
iot^«>u MuMuai ore five niinibont uf "'nit" 
Inspeclor,' a periodical it^ucd bv Maugin at 
Batl from a2 Oct. ti> 19 Npv. lSif-3. 

[Catton's Fiari lU-el. Hilwriiiwe, i. 436-7. ii. 
173. V. 74. and Soppl. p. W; Vcmter'w .Atnmni 
Osoil; I'KArh't n»(U''i) in Bulb, i 146-7. ii. H. 
8T-8. "2 ; MdukUimi's Lii cmture uf l!«ih. p, 91) ; 
Itniilvr** Bnth Slid Liifritlurc, p. SO; 4tciit. 
Mm:. 18W. pi. i. pr- 97-8 ; Note* *nd Qatrir*, 

3nl SfT. IX. 1(17 i Halkntt and Ijniag* Anun. 

Lit«»tur*. pp. 828. tail. UBS. MIS', 14841. 
I48S. ISClO, lQl)i, 27i0 : informutioa fnxn the 
R«v. 8. W. Uaiigin and KmimuDl Qr«u, F.S-A.l 

W. !■. C. 

MANGLES, JAMFS (17fiO-lH67), can- 
lain in till-- i)av> and iraveUi't, entered tliv 
navy in .Manli 1-00. on board the Mnidalom! 
frigate, with I'lplain Itoss l>Diinrlly. whom 
in 1>01 hi'folliwitlui Ibi- NnrritwuM. .\ft<r 
ncJ ivc siTvicc on ilit.r m»i\t of France, at th» 
n^diicti'in of till' i'nw urOiHid ili)|K-, and in 
th*' wa*,(.n24Sept.I80(I, 
pnnniiti'd to be liciiteginiit of the Ponplope, 
III wliifh, in Fi-bruary 1K)0, he waapfrscnt 
at the reduction of Martinii|uc. In li^ll hp 
wan appfunted to the Itovni^, and in )^12to 
the V ille de Pari*, fta^bipn in th? Cliannsl 
of Sir llarnr Burrard Neale [q. v.] In Ifll4 
hp WKJH first lieuleuaat of tbv Dtiriraii, lla^- 
ship of SirJobn Poo BmWord [q.T.] in bu 
voyogu to Rio dn .lanoin. Hewaaaenthonie 
in noting cominind of tbtt Racoon aloop, and 

«U confirmad in Chs raoh 13 June 1815. 
Thi* wv liiH lut Mtnrice allont. In 18ltf he 
Uft Engliuid, with Iiiti old moMinatfl in the 
NuoiMUR, CapUun Oliarle* I^onnrd Irbr 
[q. T.]. on wh&t proved to bo «. 1«n^h«ne& 
tour on thL> continant, sjid cstendBCl to 
Bgrpt, iSvnn, Hnd Asia Minor. llaeiT da- 
ftcnplivQ Miirra worn wivalBly printod in 
18^% nn<l vrvTn |iii1iUmi[>'1 n» n volutnei nf 
Marrny's ' Homa and Cfilfmiiil LibraTy' in 
1844, MttHKloa won iiloclod n fallow of ilie 
Roy&l Soiiiely in 1835, nnd in 18S0 wiu one 
of tlie liret felloWH and memben of ouuncil 
of tile Itnynl limjrniiihical .Society. He WM 
Fil«o ihn iLiitliiir nf ' Thi' Klornl Calendar,' 
IKld, ll'mn, H lifiuk xirpitifi tho hemil.y 
and po»*iljility of window and town )](ttnlon- 
inffi 'Syuoiiiis of n Cllm|^l^)t(^ DicMonnTy 
. . . oftLo Jllu9lrati)(l G«o;;rniiliv and Ily- 
drojjrophy of Knglnnfi nnd WDlei, Scotland 
attd Ireland,* \M>t, IL'ra.i ; 'I'njwrg and Llaa- 
piit("hi\« ndntinff to tho Arrtii-.Soarcliid)! Kk- 
poditioBJi of lSiO-l-2,'lWiL', 8vi>;<ini! ' Tho 
Tbamaii EiittaiUT, n Quido to tlio N'nyiffation 
of tlio Thames Mouth,' IH53, 4to. Flo died at 
Fairfield, Exoter, on It* Nov. 1S67, aged 81. 

[O'ByniH'ii Nnv, Hiog. Diet.: Joum. of Roy. 
OroffT, Slip. xq\. rstriii. p, cxUii ; Oonl. Ma^. 
IKUT.ii. «^;i] J.K. L. 

M ANaXALL, RIOHM.M. (17flff-1820), 
SChooliniatruM, dauglitnr of JAmi>* Mangimli 

of HoLlinliiLrgt. l,aneai]iiB% and London.and 
Stnry, (lauf;lil«>r of John Kay of .Maikcht'dti'i-, 
was iKim on 7 Marcli 1769, probably at 
ManclKWtiir, Imt tlii> i>videnc« on this point 
i* incondiiisivo. On thfi dcatli of b^r parents 
ahe wa« adoptnd by hnr iineli^, John Kay, 
aoli«iLor, of Mnncttotiir, and wa* filiioatod iit 
Mrs. Wilson's miIiooI at. CVofton linll, nc^nr 
W»kr:*fl«ldi Vorksliire. Slii- riMnntnud tlivro a,' 
a loaclier, and (■vetitually, tm lliu rel intnent 
of Mm. Wilson, took tho Bcli"f>l into bur own 
liaml», eondm-tiiiK it must Bucci-esfidly until 
Iior death, on 1 Vlay 18'JIJ, Slit- waa burivd 
■□ C'rofton cliurchyard. 

Ilor ' IIi»toricnl and MiwM^UancouB Quof 
tions for tL« uii« of Youn^f Poopio' wnas first 
puMinlivd anunymotmlvatStuckpon in 1800, 
but alie uflurwiirdB Hold tbi; co[>>'riglit for a 
liundrL>d Kuiiieia-i to Ijoiitcmtuir, wlio lor muiiy 
v-eoxs issued Lditiou aftnrrdiliori nl'lhu boiA. 
It baa nlao Lprn piiLlislitd by dillurent tirais 
dowD to tbo present tinto, with adilitJooH and 
ftlberatioDs by C'obbln. Pinnock, WnKlil.Guy, 
aod otbera. Miaa Maniniall alao irrotv n 
'Otnnpendium of GmKmpby' in Iftl-'i, of 
itl^diBwcondnditionwii!ipubli!>li<.'d in \^'i2, 
and a lliird in 1S29; and 'nolf anTlonr's 
Lounge, or Poti[n»' {Scoukii'irt. }^0!>, I2mo, 
pp, dO). B«r purtnui in oils atill exi«t«r and 

an engraving of it. appi'ars in aaine laodent 
pdicians of tlie ' Qmiiii'iiii ' (Mr. Thbosoks 
Oo?POCK in Journal nf Ediaation, 1889). 

[Jonraal of EdncaLioo, 16S8 pp. %i%, AW, 
18t)9 p. 19S; H^nbotbam'* Eiot. of StocJuort. 
ii. 3fil-S(wnrh silliuiinttA pi^rtrfiit of MiasUanf- 
nall): Alliboce's Di^.of AiiUion; KnelittiCa^ 
lopia: Brit. Miw. Oat.] 0. W. 8. 

(l**12-1883).th« riik^haVaori. bamS July 
1812, waa son of Frederick .Maniog ofJoluH 
ville. CO. Dublin, and ^and»on of .Xrclubalil 
Mstiing.awcslthyDiilOiiidliiiitn. Hisfatbm- 
(•inigrnied iti 1H24 to Van I)ii-ini.-ji'i( T.and. la 
iKH^.attmct^K] by tnvn oC ndri;i]turM, Manin; 
M.-i*nt off on a amall tradiiis scliooner to New 
Zealand, wliicli wai not awitiab colony nntO 
1811. sod was then bardly open eTon to 
traders, tbough he found one or two other 
H-hil« men before hitu. Kis great stature, 
streiigT It, and audacity. a>n]binad witJi sdoo 
liumriur and vivacity, won tbii luiarta or tha 
)Iitijrij<, who aooiL inatalled liim as a PikAi 
Maori, i.o. toall iiitonia a naturalisod atrangvt 
Ho acquired laud of tho Ngapuhi tribe at 
lIokianifB, nnd settled at Onaki, wher« be 
won the entire confidence of the nativea. 
He marrind a Maori wile nnd iidnpl<Hl to a 
prent evtflnl thA irustonu of ibc tril»", w«)c- 
ing, bownvtir, lo sft nn uxninulH of gm.ial*r 
immnnity. Ho was thus anabled to render 
eoMfiidera'ble siirvieea to both aides in the 
wars of 18-1J5 and 1861. 

On 15 Nor. 18A5, when the natire lands 
court waa «stabltshed for settling quMtioas 
rnffftrdinjf the titleof lanila as bntwo^n .Maoris 
iinilftr thnir own piistonw and traditiona, 
HaningWfwnpjiointiul on(? of th« judjjw^end 
took a promtiiunt pntl in the proi'f-iKlings of 
(he court. Many of hi* jiidgiBi>nr* ipTe a 
Ifmpbicnocoont of ibecustouiAof the Maoris. 

In IHSI he was comjwlied by painful 
disease to rulinquiMi hiii judicial duties, nnd 
ri<turaed to Qraat Ilritain in tbo hopo of • 
Gur«,but died in Ijoudon 2*j July 1963. Qii 
body wn« bybiH own dosirutakcnout toNvw 
Zvaland for burial. [lis bust stands owtlM 
door of the Institute Library at Auckland. 

Maninc* wo« tb» author of : 1. 'Old N«ir 
Zealand, the best cxtanl record of Maori 
lifc,-'ud edit. 1«65. 2. 'Tho liietory of the 
War inith(jN..rthwith_iri-koinl84o.' Both 
wi^ri: rcpublinlird in 1^78, wilU a prufaoo by 
tLi; Earl of Pembruk«. 

[Mfotieirfl Dipt of Auatral. Bio([, ; ftiudtii's 
Now Zicniniid, e.v. ' Maning ;' Anri:Iand WmUj 
Nbtvi. 4 Aug. 1883.] C. A. H. 

MANINI, ANTONY fl7W-17fl6). vio- 
liniat, bt'Imitred, it bos bo-n conjucturMj. to 
the Norfolk family of Mauni and italianised 



Ul DUB*, M in the pam of L'openriq : hut 
tlis regisMT at Vtumouili. villi wliich plAi^» 
bs U miaocUtnl. conuina no nntieu of his 
birth. ■Uil ail ItallaD coiiiniMor nuBud ManJni 
tne liTin:; in Itomi.- iq ii33(AKt. tffMiui- 
aaiu, 2wi edit.. 1827). 

Muiini is lirsl traceible in 1770, when at 
A p.>rf(inniintr« for lbf> benefit of ' 8igiiior 
Muiini.'al the Xiiv Ilatl in IJreMC YanDOtith, 
be pU^ed aolos bj Qtudini uid Chahrna. 
Ileledthabuidratheiuujoarat Uinopcn- 
mfotCbTVili*,n'aiifwC^}nctTt Room in i^ur- 
wtA, tad performMl at BwitIm. In 1772 
he wu tc«cniii|r * Indies th« Uuitiar and gca- 
tl«&fln th« Violin' at VartnoutL 

In 1777 he nppoarvH for the first tini'j in 
Catnbriiljiv. a^ li^dinj^ vinlinitt nt MiM Mar- 
•hair< toaetn in St. Jolin'a CoIIngo Hall, 
the pfo^ruBiBiB eontainiiuf miuJe by P«n- 
diM, Boeeberini, and And. In oTd«r to 
betufir by hu inBtraetion, Ch&rlea Uf^"^ 
[q. v.] «^t)ed in Ciunbridi^ in 1779. Tliis 
and tno fotlowinjt year Maoini pUvoil first 
violin at ScArfanroujih'> *nnuAl conc-rl tit 
St. lTe«, Iliial:ngdon«liirtt; wliilit in 17^0 
t»ro©0B«rl*,f.>r tia ovrn bvactit.'n'cre (rivi-a 
in Trinity College llall. In I'^S) a Miuiinr 
concert wnapven in Kmuuuiucl CoIIcfpi, nvar 
vrkicfa be was tken living. In 17HJ he wiu 
leadisg vtolinut at P«t«rbocoui;'h, HhoIiuk- 
don, and Stamfoird, and he received another 
bnaflt in tbo hall of Trinity CollcM. In 
17681wiru principal violioiat at Sin. Pratt's 
booefit concert in OaJiu Ooll«gv Ilall; in 
^rinitj Collt^ Hall for bu oim bcnsSt* on 
which occaniun' Master Cnranr'perfonncd; 
■nd at PetcrhuiiM for th« benefit of Kvinsicle. 
Zn ITS! be started tJma subscripLioo coo- 
oecta on three suoeessire daja (July 1-3) in 
tbahallaof Kine'a and St. Joha's; pt&fnd 
fint riolin al ittintoigdon, young Hague 
■lyriiHf in tbc rocal part : and later played 
then a^D fir Looni'sbrarfit. FlrBlrazait; 
Lenni a bf^nrRt crmivrt in Kitis'.i ColL^ 
Hall ; L/xi(ii and llaicuc «in|riiik;< HoKti^ ^"^ 
Manini jilavinjc the violin. In 176S, tlie 
year in vhich Madame Man [q. v.] cniued 
nodi vtir Bt the Osfiird Coouoemoratioa 
' ( WaunuxK. SamnUiatf matHiai. Fertrmr), 
[tiietMOft, fnr ManinPs bnnefiti in the bafl of 
i Tiiai»r Col Wr. In N'orpmber, f<ir the benefit 
at 'Abator fWilliaai] Crotch' |V|.T.1 then 
■ged tcn.mootK^n wugiren in Kin^aCol- 
lagelIftU,at whirli ibr two future uniTer- 
■il^ pn&U'ns iCmlchand lUj^ie) san^. and 
Bkgiwand Manini iilnyvd. Manini alsoper- 
finxDcd at the Knrl n{ Sandwich's masial 
•Btntniampnlii nt llinrhingb<mok«. dyins at 
Kuntinffd'in, luxm af>fT(ini' orth(>ni,on Jwn. 
17i*Ci Iln wui hiirind in Thi< narub of St. 
Aadrvw'a the Unat iu Cambridgf. Manini 

rImivs »oine characteriBCioa of hie oostenpo* 
niry William 8hield [q. T.j He was tpoJun 
(ifai. his death in terms of thoutmoat pniae, 
both M a musician and as a inan. 

TbeBriltsbMuMum con tains tho only «ipy 
known of hilt ' Six I>i>n)rcim4>ato« for two 
Vialins.' Etuih consists of two parts only. 

[Nonrich Merennr; Ciunbriilga Chiontcb ; 
Earl i>f Siuidwicb'B BiuehiiigibrDiJie USS.] 

C. & 

MANlSrr, 8iK HENRY (1808-1890), 
jtidfTi', gi-oond snn of Jahim Miuiisiy, B.D., 
vicar of Kdlinghnin, Northiimborland, hj 
his wife KU-nnar, only di»oghtftr of Froiicis 
Fosl*r of Seaton Ilftni Hall, N'ortbumbeiS' 
land, WM bom IS D«. ItW. lie WM 
educated at Uurliam CatU<^rn1 (rratnmar 
iK^hool, sad was articled wlii.-ti HLi]| a boy in 
th« olBcM of Thorp* h l)icii»on, altomvyfl, 
of Alnwick, Xort humlKrUnd. U« was ofier- 
woids admitted a solicitor ia 1890, uid 
pmrtis*"! fflT twelve ycarc an n memW of 
tlu- firm of Mrr^ifinoii, IVinjili.', & Monisty, 
orSKiiix'a (uow'J'lioobdd't) Iktad, near Bm- 
ford How, Luudou. On SO April 1813 ho be- 
came a student of Gray's Inn,and was cmHmL 
to tho bar ^'d April 1HJ&, He became a 
boacluT thoro in 1^9,aud troiuurerin 1801. 
1 [c joined the northern circuil, aud eoan ob- 
tained on important if not a Icadin^pnc- 
tioe. He was ninclo n queen's counsel 7 July 
13S7, and apimaivd principally in morcantiio 
otul circuil t'OaM. ili.'i opinions on |K)inU> of 
law were always held in t»|H?i:inl eKt««ni. 
At length, hut somoirhal late, in Nurember 
1876. when Lord IMackburn quilted the 
hi^1i court, lie wan mode d judge, and waa 
knighted. Amiin^ his most, important d»- 
eiaions were his jndfmcnta ia Benoa ■>. 
Bilbnp of Oxford (IS*9), Belt r. Laww 
(1884), Adams r. Colnridse (t81H), and 
O'Brien r. Lord Salisbury (18S0). ITe was 
Mixed with paralysis iu court 34 Joil 1890, 
died 30 Jan. at 21i Brvanston Square, Lon- 
don, and was buried, 6 Feb., at Kensol Qraen 
cmHvTv. In AuRtut 1831 he nuniedCon> 
stnntia. dtlh dsugtitiir of Psirick Didiaon, 
solirjior, of Bi'rwicl(-<in-Twiii><l, who diwl 
9 AuK. 18.10, and in .May lM:tN Mnry Ann, 
thirddauffhtor of Robert St«veuMiin,iiur}^rin, 
of Berwick-on-Tweed, by whom he hnd four 
sons and thre« daughters. 

[TimM, 1 Fob. ISOO; SotieiiDr'n Jovmol, 
S F«h. 1890: Law TioMs, 15 Fob. IftSO; Law 
Jonnol, 9 P»b. 1S90, pnrst« iufgirmtlion.] 

J. A. a. 


VIERE (l<5':i?-l"24>. author of the 'New 
Atalantio,' daughtor of .Sir Rogvr Manl«y 
[q. T.], was born about 1(172 in Jersoy, or, 

■ocording to uiDthM v9nuoin.ftt at. botwcsn 

Jereey anJ <lueni«y. Sbs loet htr iuotli*T 

wbilo >li« vu joung, B»<1 Iiirr fatbnr, who 

bud li(«rary tavUa, dotti not nppi'iir to liav* 

talicn much cure of licr. On \'i» death in 

1686 be left ber 2001. ttnd u ehavv m lli« 

rmtilue nF Ihn i^isltite. Alioul thin time abo 

wnndrKwii iiit'jufulw luarrliL^f li^' Iter couaiu, 

Jnliii Maiilf'y of Truro, wlioau wife was then 

Utiiix, Tbi« cuiuin wae probably the John 

Muil«y who ■wait M.P. hr BoPsinoT borough, 


Btid for C|iinii-lford from 1708 to ] 710. Tlo 

tlici) in 1714, Hitd tiiillnOI tnvntirm.n it diu-l 

b>* fonjthl. with ani>thi-r uii'mVr (sup ^i-y ^o 

Xrt. Miinlry* llUtcty, ]72f»). Whi-ii hrt 

duaiTtt^il ber, -Mr*, MaiiVyweiu to live wltli 

ibo Diicheaa of Clevi-bnd. who, lioivevcr, 

soon qunrR'llcd vritb her on the |jrer«ncn 

tliBt ehc hiid intri^^cd with huT wn. Aft^-r 

two Vfuri' of ffiircm-.iiit. during wbit-li she 

trftV(flli'dtoE\nirrBndoih'*riiIiiw«. Bvnliimo 

of ' Ij«'tlrr» wrilt/'n tiy .Mm. Miintey ' wii» 

pul)li«hi*il in IrtftlV Tin- dMiaiLioii nijoli"- uf 

the eugttr L'tnteulioii Iftuvfn llit- umtiaBsnt 

«f ih^' th(-*iilriiH tin lo who .ihnuld llr>t bring 

hiT upon ihe slip', niii] nctordiiigly we find 

to'o |i!nyR [iriiiiiirpd in the same yetir. The 

flrst, H coiii'.'dy r.-tli«l ■'I'h.' Lost Loi.-er. or 

the Jen'itii* Hiiihumi." whlrh was writtvn in 

Box't'n diivk nnd iii'lt'd Fit Ilriiry l.nn<\ wiih 

nnl It Kin'i-<i)oi: but ihc mn'unil, *Th" Hnyal 

Mi«i'hiof,'Htri»gi'dv,hritu)flit imt by Hiiiii'ttou 

■It I.iooolu'i' InH f'iddii, wiw raori' fiiptuiiale. 

Irilrifrniw followed with Sir Tliouinn Sliij:- 

wortli, of l>riirv Lnnt« Tlk'^.tre, ond John 

Tilly, warden of the Klept : nnd in 170.% she 

viuoonoernod with Mnxy Thom[»on, it wn. 

mnn nf lindchnnu-UT, inan «ttotnpMo«litiiin 

monev from ihr vjiigit'^ of a. mnn niinmd 

llioittnnt. In oM'-r to «iip[iort the, n 

forff'd ontrv of murriug^- wnfl inidi' in the 

cliiirch ri'ifiMi^f (.Stkeib, Currf^poiulfnft, ed. 

Nichols, ison, il. 501-2), 

'Thf S.'cret. Hi-rtory of CJucon Zamh and 
tic Znrfutinn^,' 170.', if it i§, m Smuh pro- 
liahlu, )ir^)[ierl,v altrihnted to her, in the nnt 
of hfreerica of voliinii^a deBJinawitli politi<-4 
and pertoiinl BRtinilnl in the fvnn of & ro- 
amnce. Tlio ipwies of composition, though 
saw in tlii* piuciic form lo England, lind 
Von for aonio ^4Ar> titmiliAr in I-'ninct.-. Ttc 
book vu reprmt«d, with a nocoiid part, in 
1711, and & Frvnch wrvinn, with o key, vu» 
published nt O.xfurd in 1712. 'Alinynn,ur 
■ 111) Arabian Vow,' a |>!uy ff>iiiidt:d on ihi 
bojciuninf; of the '.\mbiun Ninhta' Ewler- 
tairimeiits,' wno nrtLul nt the llaymarWt 
Th'-ntru on IH fiw. 17' >6, ond aoon afterwards 
printed, will) th« doto 1707 on the titU- 
poge. On 2fl May ITOO {Daily Coitrant) 

tmc-ATt,^ Mrs. M&nloy's &io«t fainoua book, 
'Secret Mvmoir^ aad Sluioen of tinTeml 
Persona of (Jnatity, of botlt Sesoe. Ftoni 
till* Nl-«- .\tii.lontis.' nnd « Hcond Tolume 
followed in tb-; aooif yonr. Tliia work trnMed 
tbrouvh ecvcii iH]it;ioni, bi^idvs a trench 
vuT«ton |trinl«d uL the Iln^r, 1713-ltl. 
Wwift wid of .Mr*. Mmilt-y's nniinfc that il 
seemed ■ as if alie bad a.b»jl two thuiuMod 
epilhcia and fine worda ])ac1sc<l up iu a luu, 
and that eho ptillcd them out by handfuls, 
nnd Dtrcwod them on ht-r pnpcr. where abrrnt 
once in flvcliundn-d iiitii'Plh'"yljnppon to bo 
rigln." (Swifi. In Addimiii. 22 Aug. 1710). 
In till' 'Nr;w Alftlnntio' .Vrn. ManlrT fiitly 
tishibileil hrr tii.Hle for intri(.'ue, and irapu- 
di-nlly sltknd-^red many persona of ni>ie.«-iipe- 
cially those of whitfgish procliviiie*. The re- 
sult was that on i^ Oct, t / Ol'lAhewas arreited. 
to^iethcr with the pnhlijJicrH an<l printer of 
the bnok tLrrriti;Lr.. Itn'f/ Tltlaiion, 1867, 
Ti. nWi-l!, iiOS. r)4(U. -Accorditip to anntbeir 
Bcronnt ilu^ iir.knowW;[i-i] hi-nwlf to bo tb« 
nntbnr in iiTilHr to lihiifld tlw utlinnt. Th« 
printiTamliiMbliilmrswer^Twleasi^ionl Not., 
and Mrs. Manley was adiuiHed lo bail oi 
II Nov. The Karl ofKimderland. tbeu a«cn- 
lary of slate, endeavoured nilhouT «ucc«m to 
afieertain from her where ftiie had obtained 
some of hr>r iufoTninlion; but vlu- that if 
tliere weri' inihuttt ntllc^-tiimx 'in pNrticnIar 
cFlAnu;Cl?^K,i^ innKt hnvf binm by inspiration. 
Shii WIW Itimlly d iw-hsrjft'd by the coiul of 
aui'tiii'«lH'neb on 13 Feb. 1710, The only »- 
furence t'j ihQ ease that esn be traced in the 
l^eord Office in B memorandnm (Jut^l :ft(Oct. 
1709 of the iaaiie of n wiirrnnf for tlw ar- 
ri.'Bt (if .Tohn -Morphew nnd .lohn Woodward 
for nnblisbinff ri>rfiiiii nc-jinclulona bookM, es- 

reeially thi' ' New AtiiIontU'(.Wffl/e Pay^n, 
tam. Anne. 17U0, bundle 17, No. 39). 

In May 1710 (r«f/«-. No. 177, 27 .May) 
Mm. >l(itili-y |Hibli«h<!d ' Jlemoim of Enrojie 
toward* Ih^ clo^e of the l-'i^hth C«iitun. 
Wrltf^ii hy IC^inardne. Monjiarr and (a* 
vouriti? to riinrleiOftfi:n'>i nnd Atmf into 
Eiijrlish by IbL- translator of thir " New .\ra- 
lantls."' Thia and » ii^rond volunte which 
soon folliiived weri^ afti'rwnrda reprinted aa 
the third and fourth voUimea of the • New 
Atidiintie.' The ' M-jmoir* of Kiirope ' wer* 
dodicutod to Iwiiic Hidorstolf, i.e. Kicbard 
St™lf, whom Mm. .Mault-y had nltitckcd in 
ihii ' Now AtalnntiH.' She in hor tnre bad 
beisii iiltackird by Hwifl in the ' Tatlcr' (No. 
(IS), and Hietde, when tiiv.d with tbonutboi^ 
ahiii. denied thiit he had wrilton thi* )>*p«r. 
and acknawlcd}n?dthntli<:badbe«n inde'lrti.'d 
lo .Mrs. ManWy in f'jrmur days. This l-ller 
-Mrs. Manley now pnntr'd, with allemtiona. 
and aocompnniod liy frmh ohargea. la 1711 




[aha btouglit out uivtlier book, * Cotui la- 
tngvea, in a Colkctivit of Original Letters 
(rani the IsUad of Um New Alalautiv.' Tbc 
uniis ' an refeiroil to.perfaBjM HtinalK, in 
* AtaUntiA Major,' 1711, a ]<«««c attributed 

The rrtym of tbe tociw to power brought 
bKter ttine* to Mr*. SJanley. In June 1711 
she •»rct*4leii .Snift u edilor of lUc 'Ex- 
aaiB«r,' aiul ta July Swift occoudod tlio 
■ppliaitiao of *ihe poor woman' to Lord 
Prt«rbofougti for some nrward for tier ter- 
Tice in the chum.-. ' bv wriling Iut Atalui- 
ti* and pr<»CT:iition, Sr-' Slic iiaJ already 
wrjtlrti ID April, ti; ihr het|i of hints bum 
Hintt. ' A Tnin Xaimlive of what jMB9«d at 
tbi- Rxnimn«ti<in of ibe Marquii of Ouitcaitl,* 
and later Iti iho ;ear she publUbMl oihrr 

eilitiol p«iBiilikl9, 'A CotQinrnl on Dr. 
are'ft Sermon " and ' The P«ke of M !»V 

Vindication.' Tlie )a»t uid bent of iIii-m? 
piB»«wa»,Sirifts»>Ti,nntinslyMr*, Maiili'v's 
work. In Jauimrr aUn waa Yvry ill with 
diopMT and a oorA Ii^g. Swift wrote: ' I nm 
btandy nam for lier ; ahe has very generoua 

K'ociplK* for one of her sort, and a ffreat 
il of (toad KDW and invention; Rhis i» 
About fo«T, rerr liomelv, and vi-jt fnt ' 
{Jomnai to Strlta, l't< .lin. i:il~l-il. In 
W115 1713 Sleoip had ru nrfirj oirfi-spond- 
m» vrith Swift, und in tlii.- 'Gubrdian' 
(No.i>H) atlai-ki'il Mra, 5Iajil«y, who found 
an opptirtunity for replv in 'The Honour 
and l>L'ro^tive of th« (Jueen'a .Maji«Iy viii- 
dicau^ and defended sii:«>n''t t li>< iini<uiin|ih'(l 
iiHol«Bee of the AuUior of ttui ntunhan,' 

Klbliabcd on 14 Ana., and apiin lu 'A 
odnt Ennuir; into me roiiMiu of the Joy 
BKpmMil By n eoriain set of people npon 
til* mnwdinrof a report of Her Majesty '» 
d*«ih^ I'i Ki-b. 1714). 'The AdvenlurM of 
Airella, or the lliiitoryof the Author of ihu 
AtaUatH, by Sir CbnrlM Lovnnani,' i.e. 
Licutenant-ifenenl John Tidconb, iiniKared 
tn 1714, anil wftp pivvlialily 1j_v Mr*. Mftnley 
beraelf. Mr*. M*nU>v'>liL>t piny. 'Lucius, ihe 
first flirintion Kingof nritain'/'n-aB brought 
out at IMir^- Lano on 11 Mar 1717, and wu 
J«diCAted to^I««Ie, with fiillapnlogii* for hi-r 
piwioaa allarlt*. !i-1ecle, in hi«tiim,WTot4)a 
polocu« for ibe play, and Prior cnnlribiitcd 
•a epilocue. 

In l720Hr^ManleypubliAlied'The Power 
of Lot. io Seven No^ •.■Ii',' and Tt-rwes bv her 
ap^arcd in ihf ■'biiip year in .^ntbtiilT tlani- 
toood'f' New Jliacrllttny of Original Voems.' 
One piece, ' To iUp L'oitiilo«» of Ilrifclol,' i« 
grTBBUlNichoU^ 'JSeled Colhrlion '(17f^l), 
tC. SW. 3lr>. Maali-y hod f>.>r tomi; y««r« 
b«ea liiiog aa Um uiatrMt of Ald«ruian 

Barbtir, who is Hiid tn haie Ireatvd hor an» 
kindly, ib'iu^'h lie dvTivedaflsivtiuioa from her 
is various ways. Bhi- died at Uatbvr'H priiit- 
iag^liomc, on l^iuWth Hill, 11 July l7i/4, 
and was buried on the I4lh at St. llenec'ei 
Pnul'o Wharf. In hor will i*t Oct. 1723) 
!>lii! ia dcscribt-d as of Borkclv. OxfordehirQ 
I wh«»m akv had a bouxo), and a< w«ak and 
daily deoayinv' In oim^th. Shv appoiatad 
Cornelia Markendale <heraisi«r) anil II<^n- 
riotta £uex Manley, child's cotit uinkrr. laii< 
of CoTOQt Garden, but then in Barbadoa, 
her rxDCUtricM. and mentioned her 'much 
honnurrd frirnd, the df«n of St. Tatrick, Dr. 
Swif).' 8hc' I(^A n maniiKrint iragodycalled 
' Thu I)ul(« of Sonicrmt.' and a comwly. ' Tlio 
Double MislrwM*.' Iii ITl'ii 'A Sinjtu Coach 
Journey to Eseler." a reprint of the ' LkI 1«» ' 
of 16fl6. WB§ published, and in the «aiue 
year, or at the end of 17-4. Curil brought 
out ' Mrs. Manloy's Ilistory of her own Life 
and Timtui.' wliicfa was a fminh edition of 
the '.'\ilri'ntu™» of Rin-IU.' Thi» third 
nlilion (1717) wa« called 'Memoir* nf th* 
Lif« of Mr». Manlfy." In ihn ' .\ddrw»a to 
the Header ' Ciirll said ihe " .Adventure* of 
ttivelta ' wero originally written because 
Cbarle* Gildon hud begun a fttmilar work, 
whioli 111) abandoiiMl at JMrc Msnley'a de- 

(ItJiiT nini'i'ii lit! rib 11 1 t-d In Mr*. Mnidey 
witlumt Jut- wurruiil am: 'Thu Court Le- 
^[oi^y, anew ballad opera,' by ' Alalia,' 1733; 
• Hath Intriffuea ' (Mgned ' J. B.1, 1 7i'fl : and 
'Tbe Mercenary Lover,' 1726. She may have 
written' A I'rne Iteinlion of the eeveral Facta 
ntid Circumstancu of the intended Itiot and 
In Alarch 17i!4, idiortly buf»ni ht<r diiath, 
Curll and ' Orator' Hoi lUy infomnJ Walpolo 
that they had uon a loMerof Mr*, ilanlev'a, 
intimalinfT tliat a fifth valnnie of the ' New 
Aui lantis'wn^ printed oil', the desifninf which 
WB« to nitu'k (i.xinre I and tin' pdvcniimml. 
Curll augg<?)ili<d ihnl thi> bitnlE khould In* 
■uppFMsed, and addod a hopg tliat he itliould 
{lot 'sotnelhinfT in the poot offioe'or *tamp 
office for hii diligont aappnrt of the goTem- 
m^nt {G^t. Atif^. 179t«, pt. ii. p. 101). 
Whether this infnnnatii>nwn« true is uneer- 
tain; hitC if iho book was in exisleneo it 
eeems never to have been publiiihed, 

[The Adventurin of BiT-iUn tiotintd atiure 
mi|tpt)Bit dDlailn of Wn. Miuitey'a early ytmn. 
Jf-»«*l«>Swift*« Worlu,nI. Seiiit, 1S2I, i, 118,11. 
238. 'M3. 393, 4S3 ; Notci' inil Qiinrins. 2nd Mr. 
ii. 2^!>. ZW, 4iS, iii. ■JaO.iilX. »uO, 392. 7th tat. 
vii. 137, Kta, riii. 11. 1M-T; Oometa Hiiiory 
of iho Stage, ii. 75. M. 381, COO; Thuatriral 
Il>:curd», 1T<^S. p. 8S,- Aitkm'* Ul« of Rirhanl 
Steele, 1889, i. l40-4,Ml-l,3l>l-i,ii. 7, !«-«; 

ZaBCteiM'k LivMAf itM KagliahlinwMtiekPMta, 
leSV: Juob's PMtiMl Btfiaar, 1719; Luflh 
Hunt's Mtiii.WaBaa.wd Books. IS47.ii. 131-3; 
CitU*! ImpulMl Qiitorjr of ih« lifrof lb. Juhn 
Barber, 174). PP- 31. t4~T ; The Ute audC'ba- 
nctorof John BnrUr, Eoq., 1741, FP> 18-lfl.] 

G. A. A. 


cavalitT, BivouJ ton of Sir Richud Muil«]r, 
waa boni protMbl; in 16^ Ilit CunitT wa« 
on old <MH. Borlto rvfen it* origin (u « ' Cod- 
qnnor*afuLIoirar' wbo appoara aa ' ManlAv'iii 
'BftlUe Abbe;- KoLl' (Uouxshsp, CKrvw<^, 
1807, ii. 6). Fnun tlw Iwelfth to the ais- 
leeoUi fientimr tbor reeided ia Cboater, but 
in IfiSOmiyraatoIlwbigh. Manltrj-'s latbcr, 
comKnlWof tbo bouacoold t o Pri nor H i-n rj, 
'vuliikightodby James [ in 16St^ Heiatbw 
couit beliind Wmimiasifr Hall' Fj-ta ma 
lodging ill I6W ((.'uBCSDOx, Li/e, 181". ii. 
67). TlieoldeHlBoii.Sirl'rttncis.waattroyaliat, 
but Jobn. tbo third md. became a mijiir in 
CratnweU'a army, aud morrit^^l the daiiglit^r 
of Isuc rorislniia [q. v.] Ills von, nI»o 
mmed Juliii.U uiini-tJtuii iil>'i)iifi<*<l with tbc 
villnia wlm Iicurrs in Mr*. M&nli-v'*' Itivella.' 
Acc(>r<liri>; lo lij<i daujichler. Mrs. Mary Manlej 
£i). T.l, Sir Kogi^r m bis »ixt«eiilb ypar far- 
•ook ijie miivenity to follow the king, and 
veloMm-froni t)ii> prvfuce toUisKngliitli'IIis- 
loi;!)^ tlid IWiriliun'lliat he pUvi-d hiKpart 
in bb* irar iinul. m his uwii words, Uc wan, 
'UfOO tlin miililiiui i>f »iit>of (h« kind's K^rri- 
tons in 1 Mtl, obligntl by bia articles in depart 
the kingdom ' ^traualatioa of C1.K0K, Japtin. 
16ti3, DedicAlion. pp. 1-2). He puMd the 
fourteen yvnn of «xile in Llolland |ift.) A 

5as8 for ■ Kog*T Mniilfy and •Mvnut »iii th*- 
eBirvof.Mr. I>nTi»ljiu», I "July lliri5, simuiM 
to jioiiit lo a visit to Kn^laiiil {Cat. Stirlt 
I'ajirrt, Dora. lllVi, p. r.l1i>). After ibe lU- 
vtornliun bo wan miide captain iu bis ma< 
jatlv'a Holland rtfrunvni, and on 26 t»pl. 
164i was api>oinu>d 'Lii-ut^^ant-Uoromor 
udComiiianu<.-r-in-{'hief ofall His Mak«ty*s 
Oanlae, Kart4, and Forcoa within tbo tilaiul 
of Jerwv,' by Sir Thotna* >l ownn, tlii- p»\'wr- 
nor. Hp took the onth of ollic on 2 ,Vov., 
BBdneius tohavK lii'Id ihi> pwt uiiiil 1074 
(informatian aiipplii'il to Mr. G. A. Aitkea 
byMr. rr.O.fiodfrairl. gJrKogorwaa never, 
OS is commonly staled, gavereor «f Jen«r. 
Afterwards hi became fptvtmar of Land* 
piaid Fi.rl {Jlifl. »f Rehtllion, HKH. title- 
pan-). TLi^'R. Munic-y' wku wna in Holland 
lallMt&on the klns'BMrrice, and waa flouted 
by Du Will, ia probaWT not Sir Hogtfr (Oii. 
State I'aj^rt, i>oin. 1665, p. 490{ of. i>. 
1666-6, pp. t>l, 104: cf. Uut, M8S. Oa«*m. 
4111 Kep. p. S47). In 1070 MulIot ]>ubUehed 

at tlie Ung'a «onimand lii« * llwtorr of Lata 

WuTM ia Daotnark,' i.v. from lt}57 to I960, 
a work irliich has sidl bittoricalroluo. Hit 
' 1)6 [tt-liellionv,' a TigorouH and fairly (.'Omxt 

Siecv of latiuitv, appeiuwl in 16SU vritb a 
edi««ti<)u lo SatoKB 11. This was the U«t 
work publulird lu liU liretiiu«. The En^liih 
'Hiatory of ibn iicUdlion' was publubed 
poatbunwualy in HJtll. Sir itosor miut bavn 
died in 1688,bacaiu« bis will (dated l^tl Fob. 
10d(t) wM proved on U Juno lC8d. Uo loft 
btB bouae at Kcw to Ilia dau|;litvr| .Mary 
Eluabeth Bratbowuite; bin eijuipa^i- uf wivr, 
horaes, clotbes, &a> to bis mh FraiH-ia; 2(XV. 
each to bia dauekters Mary d« U iLii iereand 
Cornelia, and IslW. to bia aoa Edward. Tbo 
balancr, from boiLees at Wr<-xbani, plate, 
foreign fpild, &c., was to bo divided equoUy 
among tlut cbildrrn (information fitmiabco 
by aft. fl. A. Aititen). Mnt. Mary Manlej 
dcecribes with obviou» iiiui^curacien Mime 
part of hier father'a career in bur rumauce of 
* RircUa,' and sbe wronffly repreaenta b«r 
fntlior as aaibor of the fint Toiame of the 
'TurkUh Spy' [lee under HiixiKLEt, Ro- 

[Col. !Hat« Pop^n. Uom. IG39-9 p. 313. 1«U 

p SQi, 1638 pp.333, SIO. IBIOp. 23. 1644 p. 

338: UetMlfe^ Book of Knigbtt. p. IftV; Lordir 

Joumabk fr. 247. AIS; i{iirk«'« LAnd«] lieBirj. 

1880. ii. 1318-19 : Mn. Mauley'* HieoIIn. 1714. 

pp. I4-SU : HalUm'a Intro I uo I ion to Kuropma 

I,iM»cun-. leai. iii. ttU\ Wbitekicka'a Ua- 

. laorialB, 1732, p. 6SS, w)i«to lb« Ur. Maatey la 

' Sir ICi«cr'>oId«r brother, Sir Pranci*; CokbmoV 

I JonraaU, iii. MS. 688. »- 691-11 \ Hist. MSS. 

' Cootm. 3fd Rap. p. 321} (tba ■ Thonu>« Hanlaj ' 

mi<stiAn»l hurfi IB a dm^Bt'a itMiaant raaaot 

t« * :^ir Rogar'B ion,' but may Im a grandBon); 

; Brit. 3Iui. Addit. MS. X8I. an auU^ 

graph Initcr fi^ni Sir Hojpir.l J. A. C. 

I MANLEY, TIIO\r.\S (Jl. 1870), author, 
l)orn iit H^i?'-. wsj* callfd lo the bar at the 

< Midiii. ixiui \fMi. Inlbe preceding 

year ] I in ll'mo 'Trmpons An^n^ 

tiat: tiiulUn Ui>iin!e Kec»fttio>ns,'a colleotion 
of bnyiably aententioue aaaaya on rali^^imta 
aubif^ta. 'in ISTil apptwrad hia 'Aflhclioa 
and IVtlivrranrc of lti« Sninta,' an execrably 
TBTBified paraubroMtof tb« Dookof Job. Next 
jsar b« traiufated ' Voni, vidi. vici,* a l<atia 
pooni ou Cromwell, and appendiyl an elegy of 
bi« own on th«! dealb nf IrvToo. Ten yean 
lau-r — the preface to tbi' Mcond vdition i< 
dated :») Nov. 1063— came hi* 'Sollicitar .. . 
declaring both an lo knowled^ and practlM 

: how suvVi nil undi'riHlu.-r ought to be bequali> 
fied,' and in t('>&^ a tranalntion of Grotius's 
' Du KrOiii* Bi'lgicis,' with the title ' Annala 
and Hi*tory of tlio Low-coiintrey Warm*.' 
A phrase in the prefaco detcribot it as a book 



Man love 



'wbanis is taanifest^d iliat tbe Cmud Ho- 
tlwhafa m indebied for ilie fflarj of their 
COnqoMU to tbe valour of the hnghah, under 
vtuNB pntMctioD the poor diatresaed lUtM 
lure «x&tLed UmehmIvm to the Uilo of high 
udtnlghty.' InlthSliouiackedSirThomu 
Culpeper ihe jotatg^'t [ten under Ccij- 
TSnat, SiK Tmomas, the utder] tract on 
* Usury ' in a splenKic pamphlel, declulmmg 
Igmiwt loxUTT, foK'i^'n poods, and the high 
wuwof Enslisti Inbourers OD llie dmI caiuea 
at imamertuuag misny. MuiIa; dbxI yntr 
pnfalisud hit MRidgarot of ifao lut two 
voIdhim of Coke, Lot (Mru xii. and xiii., nit n 
■npfi—cnt to TcoUnuui'i work and on tlxt 
■une netfaod. The mott uiurostiog of his 
BOD-imfiMaoaal publicaiiom bt^Ion^ on liia 
mm eUtODGnt, to tSTI, Uiough itscbaracl«r 
■nd tho ciremnBUnces of tJie time delayed 
iupufalieaii on until he conUl d«dic«t0 it to 
*WtlUau HntiiT, PrinM of ()rang<?, and to 
thsOreat Oinrenttcn ol thn Lanla utd Cnm- 
tatrnt.' It 11 «ntitlMl ■ Thu I'rciwnt Stat« of 
Eniope brieflj examined and found luifruish- 
iag, oecuianM by the greAt uesa of the 1-rench 
Mourchyi' tftw, tM, and its immediat«i oc- 
eamoa, hti *A«eft«, was th« vote of 800,000/. 
In Mui!<ry'« viisn- imtantand a«rTCMivewnr 
npoD Fnuic« could bIoiia mta Knnpe from 
ta« deepotiam whicli Ixi-aig XIV in«ditat«d, 
anduaproofof LuuU'si««]fv«liiigt lovnutla 
Eu^taad, l>e appealed to tli« tliK«tei>»l iu- 
Ta«ion br Fraooewben the I'utvh war-«bii)S 
ir«n in the ThaBK«. Theworkwaareorintixi 
IsToLioftlie'lIarlMai) MiacoUaav (1744 
•nd 1808). In 1^(J bo puUiibod a cbort 
tnct afainat the vxport of Englisli wool. Ilia 
•ppeoJix lo lite wcvencli cdiUoii of Want- 
worth's ' Ofico and Duty uf Ksecutots' ap- 
peared iheaaiae year. Maulvv s^ve coosider- 
ablv aid to tiie moveDoeul, w^b received ite 
impetus iron Jatnee It for iho use of Fuglislt 
inatod of Latio in legal litcrntunt. An 
■aoaynotia aod undatM funeral •enoou, 
'Death rnjiiiiii^.* aMinird lo Mooleyi in not 
hia, and thu ' Livn »f llenry, Duke of QIou- 
«eBter, and Uarj, I'rinocanof Omnf^e,' 1661, 
by T. M.i U al«o aauEned lo Tbunud May 

pfanlty'* Worit*.] J. A. C. 

MAITLOVE, KDWAKD (Jt. Ififi;). i^vt. 

iwy«rreaidin{(ai Asiiboiinicliillrrlivnliirc, 


tCoatoina of ibo Lead Mioea . . . com- 

; IB merter' for tbe nee of thi! minrrs, 

^_ . 1653, 4lo. It became a standard 

' mmof ictcnnce on^ly 

comp oae d from the ' KxchMinvr Kolla'and 

traaa inquiaitioiu t«ken in tbe mrioii* rel^iu 

(seeJ7ut.<j/'jijA6uunt,18,<19,pp.1iOM.> From 
' the tatle-jpage of the poem a is rlear that 
Bfanlannlledlhepost of steward of barmnt^i 
courta of Ibe wawniake of Wirksvarlb, 
Derbyabire. An Mition, lo which is affixed 
I a fflDHnry of the priocipal mimng and olber 
obaolete termt luted in tTie poetn, waa put^ 
liBbedbyTTapjiiiigin IST.l. fn ItHl? Manlove 
published ' Diviin-Couiemmmit; nr a Medi- 
cine for a I>iscuni«iilL'd Man ; a Confi-iuuon 
of Faith; and other l'o<?[ns'(London,8ra). A 
ma.nuacript. rolumeof 'EssavesandOantem- 
pU.tiona, Itiriuo, Marall, and Miscellaneoua, 
in proio ami mi-tur, by Mfart" IL ildeelyj.' 
jfraiidfutbur of Itsitliiip MniU Hi1d(«ly [q. TfL 
and other meuibun of Lineolirn Inn, dat«a 

I 'I! 1, w&s add rvisv<d by chi^ i>di tor to hii< frifrnil 
' i'hilaathropus,' i.e." Manlow (Harl. MS. 
4~aj). The poet'e son, Timothy Manlove, la 
aoparattdy anticed. 

(Add, M& S4188. f. 178 CHniHor's Cbonia 
Vamin); Col. of llarleiaa MS^.: Olofer's Jltil. 
of Ugrbyahiro, *uL i. App. [>. lOS; Laviaiin'n 
BiL>i. Mao. (Boha)^ Worka ia DriLish Ma««oin 
library.] A. E. J. Lu 

aiANLOVE, TIMOTHY <l633-ieOB), 
presbylerlan divine and pbyaiciaD, probably 
■on of Edward Manla7a[q.'v.l the poet, vac 
bora at Ashbourne, Derbyshire, in liS88. He 
wan ordainod at Atterclineinrnr l^'heHield, on 

II Sept. l(if!'>%and bin tint known «Httl«a>eat 
was in 1((!)1, at l'onl«iracl, Vorlt^bire, where 
lie was vltv {>opular. In lt)!J4 Iip wna invited 
to the charge ol Mill Hili Chapel, Loodn, and 
removed thither with aome reluctance. Bia 
ministry at Leeds was able, but nvl happy. 
Ho aiioce-eded a minister of property, and his 
own ToquiranMntawsre notmct by tbeatipead 
raiaad. lie obtninMl iioin« priv«c>.i practice aa 
a phyaiciou, and bus been callvd M.U., but 
Tlii>r«*by dtsaoribtiabimaa' Mc-d. I.iccnt. At 
lin>t ou good (erma witL lUJpb Tborvaby the 
antiqtaary, he i^uairellt^ witbbimonibcHub- 
jectof noncontormity. lie removed tu 1699 
to ^'ewcaatle-on-Xyua as assistant to Iticbard 
tiilpin, H.l). [q. V. i, and, when ' newly Kone ' 
thither, 'dyod of a fcavor'on 4 Aug. 1609, in 
tbu prime of life, and was buried on 5 An^ . 
A funeral t«rai<ia, eotttlod 'Tlio Coajforta of 
Divine l<urc,' waa pubUilivd by Gilwn in 

11<3 published : 1. ' '1%« Immortalitr of the 
Soul oaaortod. . . . With . . . Ueoactiona 
on a . . . Ilefutaii'on of . . . Beatley's 
"Sfrmon,"'&c.. 1*107, 8 vo (ogniiwt Henry 
Laylon [q. v.j). 2. 'IVKparatio Ernngelica 
. . . DiKourite. conctTniay ihc Soul's I're- 
{lanilion lor a Bli-saaxl Elemity,' &c. 1698. 
Hvo. WilliuD Tou|[ claMHH Manlove with 
n&xter foe Ilia ' clear, weighty way of wri ting.' 




TWilMin'A Di»»DliDK CharckM of London, 
ISlO. lit. SOS: ThDKiKl7'* Duealiw LvodionMs 
(WhiUikpr). 1SI«, App, p, SB, ThoWBhyn IMu-y. 
lUO. t. iSl; Qaii1«/« Lifeof O. Ilfljwood. XMi, 
p. 3Sa : Wicltsiroil'H Mvmunr uf the Just, t»IS). 
pp. IS sq. ; Mi»lt'it CuutirsKBtiuiuiUsni in Yurk- 
tbtn, ISdS.pp. S02,3S8i Tonwi'* NoDconionniBl 
KegitLvr of Uoyvood aitd DidMiugti, 1681, p. SS; 
Slotar** Hint. «f Derbvvliin, toI. i, App- p- 1 OS; 
Add. MS. 94(88, f. 17s ) A. O. 

MANN, (JOTJiRU (1747 1*»), gciw- 
rnl, insi>t*tiir-jp;ncni] of fgrtifimtinn*, luui 
oolonvl - coinmiuttlant of myul niti;>i>'-'"r», 
Micuitil aou of ('orudiu-i Maitn anil Elua- 
belb Gothar, was barn nt l'ULiiifiti*a(], Kcut, 
on 31 Doc. L747. His father, a tint cousin 
ofSirllornw'Moiitirq. v.l.wcnitothe Wc-st 
Indivs in 1760. onrl dird nt St. Kitli; tin 
U Doc. 177fl. Ooi.her vw li-A under ili« vatv. 
of kiauncli^, Mr. Wilkiof Knvftr»linni, Kt-nt, 
■ud after paMitig t1irtm;il) tlit; KutbI Mili- 
larj Ac«ili-'in;, Woolwicli, obiaiii*^ n com- 
miuion B« prnclititmcr euj^infoc and onaini 
on i7 IVb, 17tt3. lie wn* omiiloyed in tne 
dofcncoit of SliL-PTiH'si nml flf (he Mt'dwnj 
until 177r), having Ix-i-n jtrnmotrfl sub- en* 
(pniwr nml liMutt-nanl »ii 1 Ajiril 1771. 

Towanl* ibe end of ir'Ti lie wiui sent to 
Doauiiica.Weal Indies, lie \\a» promoted en- 
(finMr extraotdinHrr and cnptaia lieiilenULt 
on 'i March 1777. llo commanded a body of 
militia wb«n tho island wne captur«d hy 
thtt Fn-ncli in S^ptiimW 177H- Tliu littlu 
garriMi'ii iiiiiil<e a iitout rwUtancfl, )>ul warn 
oulnuniberfil, aud surrendered on tenna of 
honouTTiblo cnpiiulnttau. Mann made a re- 
port, to tlie board of ordnance dated 14 Sept,, 
S'Lvinjrfull'lelailaof tlieatlark. Ilenaaonly 
etainwl for n f(«w mrintb» a« a prisoner of 
wrar, aiid 011 IH Aiic. I "711 In- wmi ajuniinted 
to the «it(;iiie(tr aialTof ( in-at Ttritniii, and n" 
ported on the defeiici-ji of the tijwl eoasi. lie 
wu clationed. at ChHlbatii under Colonel 
Webheig. Id 17^1 he wiw selocted by Lord 
AtDhenil Bill! Sir Charles Frederick to necom- 
pany <.'ulun»l Brahatn. the chi«r i^nginenr, nii 
fl tour of lurvfr^ of the north-out coait of 
KiigUiid, to couidsr what d«Ancc« wer« in- 
HI ruble, a« no leM than eaven florporat ions bad 
aubniitied patitiona on the aubject. 

Ittl7><!i lie went to (juebec aa cammanding 
Kiyal engineer in L'anada. Promotod captain 
on 10 Sept. lia was eiiiplnyeil in wvtv part of 
tli« eountr}' in boCh nvil and miliiary dutiea, 
«nscting fortiticalion*, itnprovinfi porta, and 
lajing out tOTrnahiti*, bupK k* Toronto and 
Sorel. Her^umedhoRio in 1791, and joined 
the army under the Uiike of York in Hollnnd 
tnJiinelTHS. llewn^prcwmt at tho*ii>jfeof 
V^^incifnnnii, which (rapilulntfl on 28 July, 
at the aie^ of Dunkirk froui 2-i An^. to 


d Sept. and at the battl« of XlondMhooM 
or Monin, 12-16 Sept. H« wa* promoted 
liHiitvuuil-col-o&el on 5 Di^. 1703, On hla 
return to Enj^rlaEid in .\pril 17M he <raa na- 
ployed under the Dinster-ffeiMnil of Che ord- 
nance in London for a Mort tiawt had waa 
Ihon again nonunan^ng royal «tigiiiottr in 
Caaadn until 1S04. He becomo oolonvl in 
the army 26 Jan. 1797, colonel la Uie royal 
engineers IS Aue. the Mine year, ai^d major- 
Ecneral2Sd(.-pt,le03. l-'mm 1&05 until 1811 
hv was etii](loyiid eithi-r on part.Icular aervic« 
in Ireland or on varitini ctimmitteiM in Lon- 
don. Un 13 July iwn be was nude a 
colonal-CDinmandaiit of the corps of royal 
cimDiHr«,on if-SJuly I!^1U licat^nant-ganeralt 
and on 18 July 1821 goneral. On 23 July 1811 
ho auoceedcd OcnGml Robert, Mortx^ [if. v.1 aa 
iusiMCtOT-ganenil nf fiirtiliml ion»> aii tiS^cti 
he held until bin di-alU. !!« was appointed 

iireeident of Lhu commiLiee to exnmiiwcadeta 
or coDuuiasions on. It) 51uy 1828. He died on 
f^7 March 18>')0. and was liiiried in Plumstead 
chiiichyonl. whuro a toinbslono tvns orrcted 
to his mcratiry, 

His serrices in Canada won' rewarded by 
a grant, nil ij^ .Inly Iriori, of 2^,A59 acre* of 
land in the tciwniihip of Anton iii Ijower 
Canada. Ha also received while holding 
thooffic«ofiiupeotor-£enenil of fortifications 
the oBer of a baronctt^y, vhich, for financial ^ 
con«tdmations, he declined. ■ 

Mann marriMl in 1 7tI7 Ann, second dauzh* V 
ter of Prit-r TVadh nf Rushford Manor, Ky- 
thoniH, Iveiii. re<rtor «f Cooling, vicar of 
Boughton Woiichelaea, and minor canon of 
lEochester CatheclTal. By her he had five 
sonx and three dBU);hters. Of the sona, 
(Idlher wiis in the royal nrtillor^, Cornell iia 
in tilt! Tiiynl i*ngitLeer», John in the L'(!ith 
it'^^ituent, and Fn<derick '^'illinni in I ho 
roy«l mftrinefi. nnd afli-rwarfa iu iLe royal 
staff corps. ^Villiatu, son of Comeliu*, is 
iiijiiri'd wlnw. 

Thri'i> ocilotired miniatures belonp to his 
d>u»cvndanta. One. taken when he liad juat 
ontantdtheCRrpsofioyalengineiTrsin I7m,u 
in poueaaion of his gmndieiin, Mnjor-general 
J. I{. !tlnnn, Ol.Ci., of thi- myal vnginean, 
son of .Major-general Corn <>Uua Mann, myal 
«iigiiic<>nt. This is repmduewl in Portar'a 
' llimorv of llie Corps of Koval Kngioeeca,' 
1889, i. 215. 

The following plans by Mann are in I]i6 
Britiih Museum : (I) A "dmwn plan of th« 
lah? 8UX Xoix, with the new workt pmpoeed, 
2 slwou, 1790; (S) a drawn plan of th« 
Post at Iile aux Xoix, showing the «uto of 
the works, nnd tlinse prtipoflcd for connect- 
ing ihem togellier. 1790 : (.I1 St. John Fort, 
Lower C«tiaiU,« drawn plan of part of Laka 




duunplain, vidi Uie oannnunicntioD down 
toSt.JohIl'^ 3 shMU, 1791; (4) 11 drawn 

fUn of Fort St. JAhn »n lli« river ChitniMr, 
701 ; (5> A dntvn plnn nnd ftoi^.ions of the 
twir worlc» prop<Mod at Bt. Joitu'*, 1781. 

Tlwi following <lnwti pUas bv Mftnn, f*T- 
tacrl; in ihi war office, are now amon^ the 
Rconlaof tbe ^rM-iiiii«nt of th« dominion 
of Coua^: (l)PI&Dof town ftitil forti(i<-.a- 
tio&a rf Montreal, 1"6« ; f :J) Pl&n of Fort 
Qwint allowing worki 01 Jcfenci, n. d. 1 
(S) Fort Etieipropoeod work, u. d. -, (4) En- 
truce of tbe NoROwa bvtwcen t^Oica Kn» 
md D«itroit,&. d. i (S)St. LouiannclBamck 
haatioBih witli pruposoil woikai, nod six m?c- 
tiou, 17S& ; |C) CttacmiLl«« jTuj^ced for 
Coraung a citnilel, I7ti>'>; (7) Quebec aud 
Heiffliu of Abnibau, with »cctioaa of 
worK»,17ts5i (B) Military Ports, Lako Huron, 
Niagan^ eatnoce of nver to Detroit, T»- 
nato&Brbonr, ud Kin^iton llnrbour, 1788; 
(8) Dedmcca of C^iudit, 1788; <10) PwiiiioD 
opposite Isle aaBoia Itlaiic, 179(1; (II) Inle 
MDZ Bois, and adjaoi^nr sfaoruA, tibowin^ 
UTMtftt and proposed works, 'J alieeta, 17!>7; 
(12) Work* to be conatructed at. Amhurst- 
bnTK. 17fiOi (13) Ambiiretburgh and Isle 
•u Boia Btanc, with worka onlcTcd to be 
coiutntct«d, li98; (14) Ordnance Storu 
Iloyae propoaed for Capo Diamond Powilcr 
Haguin*, 2 i.liwt*. IflOl ; (IB) City und 
FortificationsofQiielwcwitli vicinity, 1601; 

516>Cit«i1el(if Quebec, 2abeeta of eectiomi, 
801 ; (17) FortlScaUoni of Quebec, 1801. 

[CoaooUr MSS.; Itovil Gt>giu*«n K«cOTdH; 
OidaMWoaivl Wu Office ItfCordu; Portcr'aHii- 
torjr of tha Corp* o( Bojal EnfipTiMr*, 1880; 
pri«aU nHouuipte.] K. H. V. 

MABN, SiK nOR.VCE (1701-1786), 
Britiah envoy nt Florence, bnm in 1701 , was 
Ch« aacopd aoa of IEoIhti Slsnn. a fiict^eMfiil 
London toetcliaiit, wlxi liniiffhi nn vUtv nt 
Liiuon ill Kent, built ' n miinll Init «l«>gant 
ml on tlw lite of the nlil maunion of CaiwH'it 
Ojuji,' and died a fully qualified country 
Main on 9 tJept. 17^1. IliH mother was 
Euuior, daughter and hetressof ChriGtopher 
Ouiaa of Abhot'* roun. f iloucesterahin^. An 
■Mar bnithrr, Kdwanl I>nui«n, di«<l in l7Ti5, 
while lit Hornee'a nitli^ni, Cnihnrini.' waK 
DiArfi«d 10 ibe Hon. luvl Itcv. Jiunw Curn- 
wallia [q. V.3, biahop arLiclil]<*ld,Bnd Eleanor 
to Sir John Torrtano, un of Nathani«l 'fop' 
riano, a noted London nucbant, and con< 
tribatortollie' llritiahMandiaiit'^seo Kixu, 
Chaw-W,^. I72I1. A fiwt cou«in wm Cof^ 
BAlitu Mann of Plum*l4iBd, fathi^r of Gothor 
Mann 'q. r.J Tbe kioabtp with Hnnro 
^'alpoftr wtueh hax freqtionuy been claiinGd 

' Mann lua no exivteace. He was, how- 

«r(^>r, an associate of Walpole as a joung 
mtin, onrt it wn* antirely owinjr 10 this inti- 
tnncy tliAt he wim in 17^ o6(>r«d by Sir 
R^b'r^rt ^^~Itlpn!n th« pont of a«8ifitant to 
' Mr. Futii',' <-nvoy extraordinary and mini»- 
tar pleni potent liirr at th« court of Florence. 
Tli« cTsnd dukedom of Tusoany had just 
passed to Fmncii of Lorrftime, tli« )iust)«Rd 
of Maris TJiereea, who in I74r> was elected 
nniperor(Fraui;ie J), but the actual admioie- 
tmtion wu in tho hAndx of tho IVioce of 
Ormon, Prnncit'a quondam tutor, who bad 
marTii>d a discarded uiictrcsf of Lis fnlLcr, 
Dukv Leopold. Graon and liin wife' arv con- 
(tcijudiitly '(heprincu'aud'priucewt' towhom 
audi frauucut rcrei;i:'nce i« loadu iu Muvn's 
letters 01 1738—10. Uuriug this period ke 
aoaiduoiuty did the workof Fiuie, an indolent 
but most particular jierBon, who ia iWcribed 
by Walpolo us taking lo his bed for six 
w«clu in fionseqacuc*^ of thu J>uko of Ncw- 
oattle's omitting on ani: oocjuitoii tin? uititnl 
preAx'very' to 'your bumble eervunl' in 
sifHung one of Ins leltrfin. Ia 1740 Mann 
WAS ruwArded by being formally appoIniMl 
Fanc*s succosMir, and in the same year 
Horace WnJpoIc visited him at I-lorence, 
at thr 'Cmh Mnnnrtti, by tho Pontc do 
TrinitA,' Tlir ptwl Gray biu! vinitr^ him a 
abort whili- pmvioHsly ; ht? dr»rril)M< Mann 
as the beat aud uioei obliurioK p<?rt(iu in tlin 
world, was deli){hLed with Iiialiouse,fW>m the 
windows of which, he fays, ' we can fish in 
the Amo,' und in 1745 despatched his 'good 
dear Mr. Mnnn ' n brnvy box of books. 

Tilt i^nvoy'H i-hii'f hiiaiiwm lefliDS to liave 
Iwi-n tu wnlcli ovxt llii! doing* of tbe Pn>» 
leiider and hii family in Italy. He irertwnly 
teiails much HO!<.iip that is damaK'"!^ to the 
charscterof the luHtSluari;. On the death of 
theOld Pretender in 17M Mann succeeded in 
biillj-ititf tlif pnpe into supnr«4tsing the title* 
(if hiH Kiwi-XMT III Uiiine. Count Allinni, thtf 
Young' Pri'tonihtr, whiuii habitual dninkvB- 
nMB ntmlniliiiHl ntiy mliliual tinportAnoe 
that he might haTt- huu. ennie lo reside at 
Florence in 1770. from which date ouwardt 
the British envoy's letters are full of dia- 
agreeBblodest-riplionn of hisrotnplionted dis- 
oriji'in. In 17**''i the (.'herniinr, who wm 
dining nt the table of thu kinf; of Swndon, 
tlu'n a vititor in Flon<n(^-, gaw Sir Ilonco 
a marl hy narmtinfc tbe clrctuustanct^ of bis 
visit to London in .Seplemlier l7A0,of which 
■ n indepcindent and ie-i; authentic account 
WH6f)uli«rauenlly^r>'nby Dr. William King 
[fl, v.] of St. Mary Hull (,in«-rfo/«. p. l->0}. 
Tlie dtispateh containing th& nccnnnt of ihn 
udri'niun* aa it cnnii' Jniui ihv Chrvalivr'a 
own lipa, dated 6 Dec- 1783, ia pTVi*«md 
with the other TuRcan State Papcra at ttie 

IlMOfd Office (cf. Mau(i!i, Hut. ^ Enpiatui, 
iv. 11). In poiTDBpondiop on ilnvie tojnu llie 
SDVOV used a kind ofciphur, in vliicli !202 
«tooa for SCuin, GS for 1 IflHOVur, 7 7 f ar IlQirie. 
ULd 11 for llus Old (TbovnlitiF. Minor duiii^a 
wi-re to receive mid coneiliaU'KBgliih visitors 
of diiUnction, umonff wUoid are s|)(>cially 
noted the Duke of York. Lord Bute, and 
Garrick(17tU),Jobji Wilkes ( 17W.5),SinolU-l t 
(I770>, th« Uulio of Glmicpsti-r (1771 ), Zof- 
i&ny, who put his iKirlniit in llir p ii-turu of 
tJir 'Tfibiifin,* vkicfi hn i»xociitpd fot thu kiiiff 
(177S), nndtiio Diipbcwof Kin((i(ton(l774 ). 
Bi>iiidi>ii l\wi<f disiinc^iJAli'i.'d pereone wera 
niimeraus ' travelling ooyB ' beloneinff to tlin 
English arislocMcy, whosH apt itiide to fnrgiit, 
tho dflfeR^no* due to the' pt<lty Itftlian Tmns- 
|inrencii<«' nitva rnu*>od liim miioh tinxiety. 
Alann*« mIiift i* ^iven in the Townshftnd 
MiJS., undvr'dfUe 1741', as lixi-d at 3/. per 
di*ii), with nllowonc'*- of 300/. or 400/. {m*t. 
MSS. Comm. Utl. lU-p. A^p. iv. liG). 

In 1755 lie suooeedtMl lus &lcler brotKer in 
tliti ustAte at Linton, and ou 9 Marcb m the 
eame yec^ he was creal^rd n Ijarmet. His 
receipt gf tbe decoration of K.U. on 2b Oct. 
1768, through blw madium of Sir John Dick, 
Britiw ODivuI at Oenooi was tlio occasion 
of ft ■noccesion of brillinnt fO-tcn, dc^ribed 
in much detail in hi) Icttcn to Horace 

TUe corT«8iioii deuce by which Muiu is 
clutrtty rcniciBDtired commeDcodwitlihla ap- 
pointniDiit. Wftlpo-lcloft, I'lorpncc, not. tore- 
tuni, in Mny 1741, n»d iiuvvr ngHn saw hiit 
frirjnd, whili- ^Eann epent tht' rt'ino-indcr nf 
bis lifu RXi'.luMvdy in linly ; \>»t diiritig the 
IbUofrintf lorlv-l'mir ytiarK tljt^y corri',i|umdtjd 
OB a scu« l(U)tl^ |ih(Tiiomeiiiil, itiul, na ^Val- 
pole remarked, ' not to bt- pardlold iu llie 
bislOTj of the po9t-offlce.' Tbo letters on 
both Bides were avowodly 'writlon for publi- 
cntton, both partius miikiD^ d point of tho 
rvturn of wich other's dcjipntrbL-.'*. The dtrnin 
ofrnidi an artiiirin] corx'-sptindi-iic*- U-d to 
much mrlnTidioly poittiiriiiKi hiiT< thtt lolCera, 
an WaliJuleB aid*? at li-tiKi, nrv nmoiiK the 
befit in tUB langiiaye. Tbeir puLIicatioii by 
I*ord Doror in I8;nipave Mocaiilay liis well- 
used opportunity of 'diiatinjj' the jacUct,' as 
Le exprMisPB it, of tlm mast congummate of 
Tirt.iti>!wiit {DUnb. Jtrv. Octobrr IUSS). Lord 
I»ovCT di'wnt)i'» tlio luitoM oil Mmno's aide 
fM ' voluiniitiiiiK, Ifut pnrl.ioiilarly dovnid of 
interest. a» thi'y an' \wriltca ill a drv, lieavy 
Btyle. and coiikjiI alntotiL «iitin.dy ot Iritlin^ 
detnilicif for|,'qtten Fl a ren line society.' Cun- 
ningliain di«mi«iw>s Ihcni as ' itllerly iinr«ad- 
•l)l«,' TlH^ir content* an' summariwl in two 
Toluniow publishivl by l)r. Dumii (from the 
origiuul* at tilrawbcrry Hill), undortbutitlo 

of 'Mann and Manners at the Coiuc of 
Floreiics,' in lt*76. Tlit-y ct<rt-ainly Iww? much 
fromn too ansimis adaj^itation to Waipole'a 
prt-judic'i'Ji anil alfni^Triluinit, but t1i>-y art» 
often divortiii^, and ar<t viilualdt: ajt illnittrK- 
liotisof Hori'ntiiit' *oeiuty (cf, Glimjut!* iff 
Ilaiian Stit-ifti/ in the 18(^ Centun/^rojn tie 
Journey of Mm. i'wsa,'i.t<d'2). They abouiid 
in accounts of serenades, f^ted, ma«jueradoa, 
court cremnnial, iind ItHlian MConLricitioe, 
including an oinliorntn i^xpoKilion of l)i« hiA- 
toiy and natnrr nf ricinbniMn, and mrinr cir- 
cumataticwi r«lntinn \n xha ailop-d p(»i»on- 
ififr of Clement XIV (LiBngflnelfi) iu 1774. 
Tbere are ako many interesting particulars 
concerning tbeetnin'ent Ur Antonio (Joechi, 
a savant ' mticli preiiidieed in favour of the 
Engli*li,thoiigb he reaidwl some y«».n among 
us,' Writing frnm FloT«nc« in Noroml>«r 
1754 the Kiirl fif Cork ilcMribca Jinnu. tta 
livinf in Coechi's 'frii^ndahip, skill, nnd 
caru, and udd«: 'Could I )iv« with thc^e 
two genllecaeu only, and uoovecas with few 
or none olbers, 1 eboald scarce dmre to re- 
turn to England for years ' (NlCUOLS. 
Lit.Aitecd. i. 347). .Madame i'ioui visited 
Maiui 'when fhc wasiuFloa'uccnbont 17tft, 
when tbc British envoy vc us ' t>iclc and old, 
hm muinluincd a ' wevkly convvrBation ' on 
Saturduv wvuIiiks iA^^tiAws, 1801, i. 3^). 

Munu^K loHl luUerto Wttlpole('of a etried 
amouuliue to tbaui^anda'} is dated & Sept. 
178(J. lie died at I'lorence on 6 Nov. 17titl, 
and was succocdcJ as cnvov in August I7S7 
by John Augustu;:, lord llvrvcV' Ho had 
k'-t'ii fijrty-eix yiium miiiistur. His Iwdy wo* 
removed t« Ktivlnnd, und buric'd «l Linton. 
Thu entatc and barunvtL'y ptkwwd to his 
nephew Koralio (son nf bis yiiunirur brother 
QairriduB), who, with his wile, ' the fatrand 
fragile ' Lady Lucy (Nixli. had visited Alana 
at rlorancoui 1775, tho pair bcui|; frequently 
mentioned with muL'h fimdorncs)) stid afrtM> 
tiou in his letters, (riir Hdrauownji M.P. for 
Sandwich in 1790, Ix^'ituin ti lorjkl muK'natc^ 
anil vtntt n itiaiindt patron of Lh» Hnnihle- 
doniancricl(eiers(cf. n*JiTBD, Kmf. Nviua, 
I'uuiiff Cnehttei-'x Tutor, ed. Wldbley, pp. 
xi, uii, 04), lie died in 1814, when too 
baronetcy became entinct. 

In Ids will .\lanu, vrho bad previously 
bouffbt aovi^ral pictures on TOtuiuiuiou for 
th« Houghton and ^tmwbvriy Hill ^lleriea. 
left fivH pictures by l^oiiaxin to hui friend 
Walpale, to wboni his let tern were alao tran^ 
mitted. lie bad sent Walpole his portfait 
by Aslley in 1752; tbis vraa en^aved by 
Oreatbatch, and incluilml byCunnmgbam m 
his EKhtion of ^V'n1pollI's curnwpotideucir. 

[HMl4d's KvnC, ii. H2 ; IIi)Tic«'« ICltiliCt 
BBi(nie't«ip\ p. 337 ; Damn's Mann and Unnnsn 


(I'M llu Oamot FonoM ; EIw'hi'b Pop*. pMaim ; 

ren/s Worka, cd. Owe, li. i2, 8S, 129. 192 i 

VAiwtti) ItaliMn'a RoiiK* WaJpoI*. i« UMnoir, 

p. 19i; Lellw* afWiil|)ril«, sd. Canntagliiuri, 

'ToLix. Pr«f.pp.x«, sxiii; W^poU'a OMm UJ, 

IM». it. mt; Nichols'ii Lit. lIltMr. r5. ri.; 

' Oent. Mas. ITSft ii. 907. 1834 i. 133; Hajiia* 

Bcnk at WgoHM*. ad. Odi»rl>r. pp. lU, 7«A; 

Bin. MSS, Uanm. Bili Rep. App. pi. ii, p. 383. 

^jOUi Bip. App. pp. 378. SSI, l3tU Rep. Apf. 

n. pp. IH, 22&; ^tepbnua'* C»t. wf tMticioil 

inta, rol. iii. No. }064. Numooiui *inslD 

rrom Mniin Co nuiuii' frkind* mn anmng 

'tlw Addit. M8S. in lh« nrit. Mw.] T. 8. 

KAHN. NICHOLAS (d. 1753), marter 

, of iIm ChwtcrhoUBo, a naiire of Tewkesbuir, 

in 1890 from Eton to Kin^s 

Itcge, CunliridK», n( wliicti ti? waa «1ecU(d 

ttRow.uid graduklMl R.A. in i;u.1, M.A. 

in 1707. At collttiin )■« wu* tutor tn t)it> 

quis of DUndford, lut afienranU 1h*- 

> ui usiMaDi-moiittfr at Euiu. and tht^i 

i«oftbeclerksinihi^secTetAri''aof)ic« under 

TOTmAbead. He iraveiled in l'ranc« 

Uid Tt«l^, nod on hit return wax appoiDt«d 

Llcinff's wait«r at lbs dtttom liou>e,ann kt»-]K>r 

of tbe atandiiig wardralH) at WindHir, 

Through Ihu tnicttvat of ilu> MarUioiiiug)! 

^£mi^ be wu elected niulcr of tbu CIinrt<^ 

»useaD 19 Aug. 1737. .\l Km iniiituiion 

I u uid to bav(» allocked llie Arclibubop of 

rterbWT I7 profMsin;; himself an Arian 

nor Nfwtox, r^fi. pp. 'iO-i). He di*d 

Bath on 24 Nov. \7.'>H. and v:%» hurittd in 

' piam at thi- CliaclvrbnuH-. hnving anmo 

m beCnre sUxikI hi* own opilapli ovur tho 

ipel door. By will he beq^ueaihed his 

fibniy aadooUectioB of minu^t^ripta (except' 

fawtAOM of hia own compMicion) to Eton 

Mann, vhit vaa an flxeallt^t. Mholar raid 
Utlquanr, wpot*: 1. 'Of tim Tm* Ynara 
0* tbi! ftirtU nnd of th(' Il«-iith of Clirist; 
Iwo ITironoiopica] DUacrtationM,' Sto, Lon- 
don, I7:U{ il^tin version, witli addittona, 
174:!and 17'>2>. ^ 'Critical Not«s on aom« 
PMaagM of Scripiartt' (anon.), 8ro, Lomloii, 
1747. RtehAFil fJonffh tuid ia his iio««««tion 
a copy of Qole'ii *.\nionini It«T ' prof iiMtly 
aimatat«d hv Mann (Nicnou, ffAttttl/kaea, 
No. i. p. rit of P«f»c«). 

[Harwcod*! Alaiani Ktun. p. 288; Nteholaa 
it, Anavd. ii. )«.X 194 : Addit. Wf. SSTS. f. 
ItO k; Jnnca*« Jonntey lo Pana in I77d. i>. 31 ; 
will ID P. C. C. 322. S«rle.l O. 0. 

MAKN, ROBERT JAMES n817-Ii380), 
6cii-u title writer, son ofJamM iHann of Nor- 
vidi, waa born at Xurwicli tu 1817, and mIu- 
cnUdfiirthe medical profeaaiouai Cniver^ity 
OoUere, Lamduo. Al the luwpital oonnwted 
withUiecoIlegehesctedudicaaGrtclheoQle- ' 

bmiod I.iston. lie pra^lised for eotne Tears 
iiiNiirfoIV.firvt in Norwich. and aft^nvamsat 
Bujiton. In iM)3consid«ntioMaf h^tli led 
|4) th« pariiiil abondomnvnt of thit practic* of 
bis protewioii, and tin devotrKl litniMulf mnro 
eicfusively to liiemry pfimuiii. Hin lirat 
work. piibliAlii^ in 1M4A. " Tla- riatuKary and 
Stellar (Tnirerae,' waa bnae^ on a coiiru* of 
t«<cturM delivered to a country audience, and 
tliiawaslbllowitd by u loiig^acri«« of popular 
lext-books on nJttronomy, rbeniiitr)-. pt^yaio- 
]affy,Bi)dIiiuiltIi. llany ortbi«»r«nturonrt 
a lai^ numfaitr u( udiiiona, and untitlod bus 
to a nolablu plaeu ninou^ tlio«n nlm firat 
attempted to maiic ecienoo jiopular, attd iu 
teaching genemlly inl^lli^ibie. IIi'W-os at»o 
a froqiient contributor of edentifin articlea 
to many ponodiRabi, chief amontf \rliich 
wore thii 'Rlinbiirph Kovipw' and 'Cbam- 
bera'ii Journal.' In the ' Royal Sodoty Cat a- 
lo^ie of Sciciitiriu ]*ii]it^n* ba appiiani r« 
the author of no fcwi^r ilian twcntv-thron 
memairs in transactiona of socii'iii-^ and 
KuinntiSc nerioclionls. In 185-1 he f^raduaTM) 
M.I), in the iinivpwiity of St. Andrews, and 
in IH-IT, on th.- invitntinrt nf Uitimy Colenso, 
hti U-(l England for NaluJ, wbcro lio raided 
foruine y-Mira. Two ycaivaftDrhtiiarriTalho 
waaappointed to tb» newly nitabli«1)L-d oIGoo 
of saperiDt«nd«nt of Mlucatjon for the colony, 
nnd this Kave liim tLi> opjwrtunity of eat»> 
bli^hinp tnorc a syef^ta of primari- education, 
iriiicb Ktill ccintinueatn force, 'tho climacio 
condttimis of tb» country, with its nevero and 
fre<]uentthuiid<ir«tonii»,Iiidbim to tho special 
study of uaetcorvlo^, and I bo careful sorios 
of ohseTvationa which bv c«rrici3 out durine 
tho wbole of bi« ^^«idt!n(y.■ In Natal are of 
conaidemfcle vnluo, In 1606 he retumod 
from Natal with a «|Kciat uppoiuliinTUt from 
thv leg'ialativo council aa umijinil iuii went 
for the oolonv, and for the nm^iiidiT of hia 
Ufe he raud«d m or nuar London, dovotiog 
hiiDMlT to the study of aciunce and to literary 
wurk. Ilia wrna a familiar ilgun' in many 
scientific circlm. I'ur three \'eara ha wag 
preaidcnt of the Meleorolofcical ^idttly, and 
for about a ainiilar period oneof lliv tmanlof 
vifitors of llio Royal Inatiluiioi], From 
1^74 to 1886 h:- iict><d as Mcivtary to the 
'African* and tlip 'Foreign and Colonial' 
aectiodfinf tbf Siicifl.vnf Arte, H>-wne also 
aniemberur ftlluw of ilu^Antronoiniciil.OMX 

frnpliical, I'Wot^rapbic, nnd niliirr aocieiiea. 
[(' took an aciive part in tbeorgantntionof 
tbo loan colkvlion of arifiilific iippiiratua at 
South K(ii»ington in 1^76. and ai evenr in- 
tcTTiniinnnl ciliibiiion to which Nalal coulri^ , 
burifl hr- hud ]i nbarc in the colonial repr 
M-.nlatiaH. Ili' nupt^rintended the ro] lection' 
and deapalcb of the Natal collectiona to the 

luteraal ioa«l Exhibition of 1^3, and one of 
tUo losl acts of his lifir Wiu the compilation 
of the cutol^i^iie of tbu Niilul court ul the 
Colonia.1 ami Indimi Kxhibiliou of l>i>i6. 
Manii iivd nt Waiidswortb yu b Aug, l^^Mi, 
and in Iiurif] nt Ki-'ueul Urven. 

In udJiliou to the wrilijijis already aieti- 
tionej, Muiti'^ chief works were: 1. 'Thi* 
hook of IK-oltb; 185'!. 2. 'Tho J'hilosoplijr 
ofKoproducl.uni,'ltt-V>. 3, 'LcHooBin (i«ti*i- 
nl KnowluiJao,' Iri'ju fi. l. ' Tepiivai^u'e 
'' Mitud "vinoiciiti'di tin I'I.\iilHiuttiirr l-Baay,' 
1650. T). ' A (iuiilo tu iUl- Knowledffo of 
l*ifi*,' lft"j(S, G. ' A lliiidfi to Aaironomioal 
Soieiicii.' I808. 7. 'A Ueicription nf Nnlal.' 
IftiM). 8. 'Thfl Colony of Notiil.' imi-2. 
8.'ModicineforKnnTgi'ndc*,'!WJl- 10. 'The 
Emigrant's (iiiidr to Nnlul,* !B(18; Jnd ud. 
1^7». Il.''ni.-Wriitlier.'l8"7. VJ. 'Drinic 
SimiiirLfiiaoiipfiiTUfiuiPirae," 1877. Ul.'Do- 
iDMlic Ki-(iriorav "iid Houaahold Sciuncc," 
lfl78. 14. -The Zulus and Boer§ of Sonlli 
Africa,' 1870. 15. 'The rUysicnl IVi]wrtic-.-' 
of the Atmospli&re.' 1871). 111. 'FtmiiliDrlrfie- 
turea on the PbyBiolog^ of Food and Drtnk,' 

[Ptwtmal koowledgo ; Soc.of Art iJoum. 1888, 
xiiT, UQI ; Boyni Aatn)n. Soe. Monthly NotiMa, 
rtLrunry mST.HrifiBhJlftliiOai Aug 
1S66; TimtH. ubltuiirv.9 Aag. 18S«; llrit. Miie, 
Cfct.] M. T. W. 

called the Anat: Misx <1736-18Wi),iDaii of 
aci(tDc«,IiiBtoriRii,and sjitiquaiy.t.hL'sniiafon 
English land siirvf ynr, wii« horn in YorV'hirp 
on S2 June ITS^i. h^diiriiled nt it jinivinciiil 
acliool, be »xhilHtt*d, with luiich geiK^nil [in^ 
-coi'ily, n ^(•tiiil btut tiiwnrds amthi'mnlii'it, 
Jiiid Imforw 1753,whKU he wug seul to Loiiddii 
with n viewto liin adopting the 1*^1 profea- 
aion, lie had fttrRady produced iiiaiiuBcrJ]it 
tTostifies on gefimelTy, netrounmv, nBtiiml 
hlstorr. and rntinnni rwli^ioii. it"? MXin rv- 
raltoil from lUi< rnutini.* innditiiiHl t<> It^^pil 
or cM^mnKirrial lili', nitd lo<va.rdii thti ■•iid of 
171)4 |iri:N.'iM>diid without Iht- kiiowledHu of lii* 
parcDttt 111 Pari*. Thi're ha ninniigi'tf to aah- 
aist in ttomi< unetplaiitHl mannLT. rt>ad and 
reread Kossuot't ■ DiscouTs but I'flieloiro 
UniverseUe,' and di'vijiwi himenlf to muditn- 
tion on ndigioiiK siibjuers. Thin n.»nik«il in 
hi* hein^, on 4 Mny IT'ifi, nroiviid into th'< 
Koinnn cuthnlic iiimiuuiHioti hv Oirintnpli'i 
do nfftumnnt, llm iiri'hLi*ho]i o? Piiriw, who 
Buhanqunntly promulftated n sort of bull 
K^irut TCouaaeau'-i * Kmile.' Un tha out- 
break of war between Kngland nnrt l-'rancc 
in 1756, Mann took rofupn in Simin. Cfliry- 
inff loll^ra of introrliiction to Hnn Uicurdo 
Wall, thiyn chief miniatiTT of Spain, and to 

the Cftunt d'Annda. Wall lodged bim in bia 
ovn houie.uidtoonobtaintdlor biroacom- 
niiavion in Count tl'Mnliouy'* rviriunfOt of 
dtagooBs. But ihi- dt'arlb of booka 'which 
he experienced iu hia new urofoeeioa »ror««I 
intolerable to Liiu, t liou}(1i he obtained Ir^ivo 
to Study matliemalics at the militnrv aoa- 
demjr t.t Barcalooa. To obTiat« nil intci^ 
ruptton* to hia atudics, he nw^Ked in 1767 
iip!)n monastic retirement. Tht» ho found 
in the En^Ii»L Chartccuse, at Nieupcirt in 
the Nelhtrkiids, whtru bo at ouce recom- 
taeaced roadii%- fourtijcu Lours a day in 
the endmvour to appi'iiM? ' hi«i ioaaluibla 
thirst for study.' Ault nearly two ywtra 
of fruitk'a« nttemnta ut a rri-oncitialion 
with liin parvuta, em bet^ime pnifrtntxl in 
17''9, and in IT^H wan made prior of his 

About ITTfl Mjuiu, wIiobh tnlonts anJ 
power of application wf re hi*i:ouiinp widely 
known, was proposed for tlie bishopric of 
Antwerp, then vacant ; thf coadjiilor»hip 
of the bishopric of Qiichiic wna at the jinmo 
time ofTured him hy tho Kn|flith minSat^^r at 
the Hngue, hut hu htwlLati'd to nrciipl tliia 
otTer on account of lii:* delicate health. Ilia 
donhts were tinally resolved by the prapcual 
of the Prince de StohremberK. the Auatrian 
plenipotentiary, in October 1776, that he 
ehoiild bt> minister of public instnictinn tn 
the emperor's service, al BniMids, Thpre, 
in tbo enjiiymr'nt of iimplt; liti-mry li^iMure 
and an anmml incrinie of '-',4[X> florin*, he 
lii^ame. ua 1 he ' Ablifi Mann,' a recojjnised 
ceh'hriiy in the world of bittora. An ' in- 
genious writer ' on an natonishiug variiity of 
auhjecte, he became a sort of foreipi corre- 
fipond^nt to numerons Ieanu>d sociptii'B and 
itidiviilualu in Enfflnrd, and wnn n-nfiilarly 
vixited 'by alumiut ovi'ry I'^n^tlish Travcdlitr 
of i> mil it ion.' Tiu< .Xuntrian goTi'nunenl 
worn fully iilivo to h'n value: and to free 
hini from unnecosaary preorciipation, Car- 
dinal Ilersan, Austrian ininiBter at Itome, 
obtained for him a hull of BcouIariHitiuti, 
witUapermissi'in to lioldlwnclifipe. Quitting 
tile [ '9i)i rtrciisii in July 1777, Mann whh al- 
muM itniiiitdiatidy nmdtt a prelwndary of the 
(■Iiurch of Cciurtrai, without rwaidence, and 
in Nov&mber 1777 was *enl to London by 
Stahremberj^to examine the means invi'nted 
by David Hartley thi- younger [q. v."] and Lord 
Mahnn for jirpsennng buildings frrnn fire. In 
I7S! lift wiw ..-!iftrf;*>d to ('xamino thii atAt« 
of tho ooMt of Flandftr* with n viiiw to the 
opi^ningof a fiahinfrport at Bin nkun berg, his 
mn-mAir on tbi> Hulijoot being pre«i>nled to 
the emperor. lie was eonimanded to ppiy 
pare a scheme for the cnnuliwulion of the 
Austrian NQlherl&oda j wrote manuala and 

prinm upon the matt ittvame sub^Mts for 
UK in Itue mIiooIs of Belsiiun, aniJ, in 178^, 
revisfrfl hia tHVvioiiD ■ fU9«xioiu tax la Dis- 
cipline EcvI^eiAFtiqiip,' in rcflamiee to thio 
K>l;^an chiiroh. lufding some ramarks upon 
th« chan^M ciinTi*inpli>i«d bj the Emptvur 
Jtwfpti ir« rxAimiiiig xnal. 

Tbo oiM laae KulfitrMl from uaArmed 
pout ; bat from lT7i) hia beallb wu graaLlf 
unprared bv hu UM «f hamlook and aconite. 
II« WM a moDeer of tiw enplajmieat in th« 
7Ietk«rlaiM« of tbfwe drup, on tbi? oBeci* [ 
«f wbieb b» wTot« A paper la 17Ht. In thi« | 
T^ar al*i) h» miuto *n ■>xl«nd<M) tnur through ; 
Vr«n<*, Switx--rlnnd, und (4«rma>iy, ft«]i»r- ' 
jag nsieiwtVD maminU for conimunicdtion* 
1o the Koral AcailiMny of Bru^Kvl", of wlii«h 
1u became a tm^mlicr 7 I'Vb- 177-1 aud iN;r- 
pelwal veentarir and (r«a«uKr in 1766. | 

tn I7>*b tb^ abbi was «l«>ct«<l a fvilow of 
tiM Rofal ^wci^'tT, an honotir wliich K>r had 
lcHif( covctv^ In I bo next year the Frcncfa 
rvTolulioR bmkv in upon Belgium, a« be 
bitoN^lf naJd, like ' a nulcnt »«n.' Hv was 
in coDtintial fvar 'jf ill-uMui! until, iu \792, 
]trr arcuiiipanicd bia frIenJ Lord Kl^'iu to 

i£n|{land. On tbi' re-eatablisbnieitt of tba 

[ Aojtrvao sovcmni^iit in 1793, be returned 
I BnaoU and retumed bis functions. In 
fvutary of tbo saiac yomr Im waa admictvd 

'■nlumanrir metnbrtrDf thr ^'K^irtjof Anti- 
qaarica. InJunr- 1791 lii^bailioi|uii Briut*ela 
for thr la*t tint)- tn r'impHin' will) tii!< friend 
M Piftltiviii. Tba fiiKtt»» ieLtlfd at LiiiU 

,Mid aitemrards at l^iulmeritK in It-iheDoia. 

B, howi'V'.T. Mann bad to r«<lin.> al llic 


Iw nceivid a warm nrlronif from tlir 

Tiiic»*Arclibi«hopdcSialni. .\iPnigiic ht^a-* 

Icnmnl litrrary pnnticliiin.nnd Torthr Brili.tb 
Ainictlltunil txwirty, of whicU IiK liad bm-n 
■welada member in ITSH, wn>t« * A Mi-iuoir 
on tha Auricuhttrv of (h» AuMtriait Nutber- 
knd«'(17!M). Tlii>waaaubMqu«nilv printed 
in lIuQicr*! -(jeM^ic*! £«»)[■* (Vol. v.\ 

-lontita with hit ' ObpervationH on tbe 

^%aol of tbe Austrian N«lbvrtantW nrisi- 
hUt commnnicatw) to Sir Jowph Banko. 
In 1604 ha ouanpiled ' by way of recraatiou ' 
S mnn n>mpT^lien>iTe 'Tabti! chronolo^quv 

(dr l1Ii«toirfr ['aivHKolle depiii* le codi- 
nencciDeni df Tannine l700jiijau*ll&eoD<-lu- 
aion dp 111 pnix ir^n^rale en 1S03' (L>rt«ili.>n. 
18(>3), and coniiniivd hi" cutnmtinicntiont 
iriili laaniMl weiwrKni in ranouH fairtB >rt 
Enropa oslil lii> dualh at Prm^u« on 23 Feb. 
I-HCIO. Ilii rhirf It-ira'tM^ ua* ibe Miter oS 
bi* inlimarv frii-niil, -Mllu Podcvin. 

Ab txteoMvo oollmrtion of .M&nn'a Icttert 
mittCfl to the Society of Antiquaries and 
to nrious private friends, aman{{ tbran Dr. 

Sulander, Sfagvllan, Hartley, and Lord Mtil- 
jTrave, wua publiabvd at HriiR^U in ISloj 
and a few sel>^cted IrtioN ari- iitcludi.-d in 
Sir Ilenpy Kllis'a ' Ori^iiuil Lrtt.w^ of Emi- 

(17801, -A Trv»tiii^ on Sea CtunrDta and 
tbeir Effeci^ amil>f<i *» tho 8ea and Couta 
of the Weat of^ Europe, more eauvciallT to 
those which aurrountl tho Briti»lt I»liuid« ' 
(178»), and a paper 'On the FoRnalioo of 

ft^at ilnilttODM kud piecw «f Jce in grtrnt 
hundcr.tfflnro«'(ir98). To tbo Society of 
Amiijuanca ho Ci>nin)iuucatW A UtiKrip- 
lion of n-hat in csIIiikI a llomon Camp ui 
WMtphaliii ' ( irOK). and ' A sWrt Chrono- 
logiciil Aceouul of tlK' Iteligioutt Eatabliab- 
ments made bv Eiigli»li C^tboUea od the 
Cw»iin«nt of Kun-jw' 11797, see .HroUovj 
ioffui, xiii. t and SGI ), I 

The ino«t conaidentble of Mann's wriilngt' 
in FnncL arc: I. ' Uialoin; du jiigne de 
AlaTi»-Th*re»iV BniMuI*, 17S1, 2, •>!«- 
nioir«esurl« coiuwrvation ei le ComineKe 
d<« Uraiun,' Malinm, 17!*i. 3. ' Abr^ de 
rilutoire eccl^iaacitiui-, cirile et natiimlle 
d« ia viUe de DruialliM ut de sea eiirinin>>.' 
finiafcls. 1785. 4. • Itecudl dp M*moini» 
«nr lr» mndia ^liea vl \van cffets,' fiand, 
1792. 6, ' I*rlDape9niATaphy«i(iue4de«iWt«Kj 
et dea cunniiiAwnctts,' Vienim, Il:*07. .4 fnU 
copy oflbin wnrk madi^in Mann'anwn ha: 
is preaer»ed in the British Muwtini (Ad 
MS. 57ei>. ^ 

The abb6 also wrulo widely on mMeoro- 
'"Ky- philology, political economy, wvishla^ 
anil m<-fMnri-e. tbe royagea of L'optnin Coo" 
and othom. on occult lire, rvli^iou, and ai 
liijuatian maltii-s, deFatin{^(in 1778) an ii 
lercatinff J»ppr to an attempt to refuf 
Witlisiu SumniT ;|q.T.]and other EagMt 
aii(!i|uaries, ami to pruTe that Cwsiir, wlian' 
he oml>arked for Britain. *ailed not from 
Mnrdyke nor \^'biiAaiid. bm from Boulofme 
(OfMwmacum). A groat nnmber of bis 
writings take the fonn of comma nicatioas 
to lh« nniMpli Acadomr ; anons tb 
will be fmmd n pnwerTiil indictment of 
KTOnde culi.iim' (17tW) and an interatt-, 
■Memaiie war Iws diTCTaea mdhodse it, 
venttes iiuqn'Jk printnt pour gatuiir lea 
(kliHfp* di' lincendie' {lf78). A vi^ume 
of hi« [«per^ nrasented by the antboF to 
Sir JuM'pii lianluy is in the' Rritiali Mosauai 

Finally tbo Bbb6 compiled numerous cat a^ 
loffuea and biblio^tsphieal vot\it and maar 
Tolunusoiu reporia, ooniBandeil by the Aua^ 
trian fforemmetit, on eanaliaatUxi, ftshmt%^ 
agricnlriirs, Su. Soreral of Uioaa papea 




wen trjuulHt«d tar ' Opuscoli HCelti salle 
Bciwue.' publisbetl ut Milaii in 1T78| &C. 

[^ope du r&U'AMikOn id Kvi&ODberx'a Aa- 
OOniw *1p U Bibliiith'-ja" Hoviilt- tJo Belgiqun, 
BruuoU, 1850, pj>, 77 r,'-S, wppended i« na *i- 
hyutiTnhiblingmphir, 'Scri^iiii. iRm in'^ililnqunin 
impNMaa : ' OoethiilM' IIUt.(i<s TjiiUrtii nn Bel- 
giqai>. IS4U. a. 31S: NouTello Biuf;. O^Qin<li>, 
xtxiii. 231 ; EUiii'ii Lelten of Emiuoni Ulcruirjf 
Man (Ctvmden SoeieC}'), pp, -113 oq, : M^molruB 
d« rAcAijiraio Ijnp^ijilo ol Itnjniii d«« Scioncos 
et BnllDa-Lotlru do BfuxoUm, 4 vqU. 1793; 
Nieliols'aLit. \anciL riii. 11-4, ix. -iOS-lt; Q«nt. 
M»g. 1787. 1788. 1789. pMaim.] T. S. 

MANN. WILLIAM (]817-lfe73>, astro- 
noiovr. wiis Iwni jit Ijewishani in Roat on 
3JtOet. IS17. Ill* was i.hinl son of Major- 
gvTieral Cnnieliiis Mann. U.E., and grardson 
of Goilier Mann [q.v.], Btid accunjjinniBd his 
bunily to Gibr&llnr in l^-IO. on Kih Tntlier's 
appoiiitmeat as coinmandini^ royiil •tiii;iriber. 
In 1837 Admira] Hiiirrnff proeurt'd biiu the 
post of Fecoiirl a^insliint at [.lii> Itoynl Obser- 
vfttory, Tajii! i>f Onod IIopo. luid «.n«r clue 
prpparfit i'lw bn «ntn«.-d upouliiHtiiitieainOe- 
lobor I'*.'!!!. For six years 3ie was encngwtl 
ciioflTonLhoromeHsureiiiGnl of LacniUn aArc, 
and flometiines passed tlir-vi mniitliK willioiit 
Bhclter even by nigbt. flLX lnwltb, impniri^d 
Ijy hardflhipi, was recriiitud by « iriji Lo Eng- 
land in IHlfl, ftnd on lii« riiturn in DecembtT 
llH7 h" i^nffiigi'd, aji ftwt agiiislASt,in th* of- 
diiuiiy wotVe of the obwiraiory. ilLs naxt 
voyago home wm for the purposo of fotoliin^ 
tb« n«w tniuit-i^irole, er»:ted bybim Mt tfae 
Oope in 1855 with niily nnt.ivii aid. Hie 
©Mer^'ol ions of the grnat cftxnirt of Derembur 
i>B44,iin>lof the tmnwt nf Morniryon 4NftT. 
1803, wero communio-ivttfd to tlio Hoyfti As- 
ttonomicn! Sn(!ipl7(3/«n(A/y Aotif-fs,vi, 314, 
SW, Soii. utix. li>8>, of wbicb bndy ho w«« 
elected n ni<nabiTOu 10 Mftrt'li 1*^71. Frfini 
II chcol diiiardcr, Mii tract ed tbronph nwidiiity 
in cometary obsun'ol iOQ'-, be urtugbt relief at 
Natal in iSUC. in Jinalund in iwi", hut. wna 
attacked in 1870 with slmtturioK tflect by 
BCorlet fflver, of which twn [>f bia cbildreu 
h«d just died, ili: retired from the ob- 
eeiTDtory, and died at <'laceui')ut, near Capo 
Town, on 30 April 1870. i le niHrried m 
1&&3 Caroline. SQOOiiddauftbter of ^iiThomaa 
JUac^our [q. v.J The value for three years «f 
a sniall jieuiiian. panted to liiu frnm tho 
civil list, oa t!h« eve of hin di.'ntbt won paid 
to her by Mr. Glndsloao'a ordore. Hlatiii':< 
character and nblltlim we-rc hnjiLTior M liia 
OpporttLDilice. Hrwnnair'^>dinii(hiTm»tIciaQ 
and mecbtvn infill, and liirt fpl!ov.--»«*iataDt. 
ProfcMorPiazi;! Sinytb. wrote of bin ' splendid 
intttllnrt uilI jiarii and excellent di spoHtions.' 

[Montbly Notieu, xxsiv. U4.] A. M. 0. 

wards tkux Stb?xet (d. 1&4A). [3m 

RuiE.ASD ( 17'>4-l"i^7),tln) irldiT son of John 
Mntinera, uiiinjiiiB of (3r»nhy [q. v.], by bin 
wife Lady Fraiici'* flMyumur, dnughl+T of 
Cliarlea, aiitli ditke of Snuteraei. and grand- 
son of John, third du.k«i of lEulland. was bom 
nn lo M&reh 17r>4 He wns educated at 
Eton and Trinity College, Oambridgm, wlisre 1774. .AMbf^nmeral 
ob'clion in Ortobur l""-l- In; wn« returned to 
tha Hoiun c>rCnniu](iti« for the iinivtirtity of 
Cambridge. Hi? warmly ci]i[M»ed ihe third 
reading of the bill fur reatnuning the trado 
of the soutbarn coloniee of Amenca in A|iril 
1775, a,nd prote«ted af^iinat th« taxaliua of 
that country, wbicli Uedevlsred 'ccimmenGed 
in iniquity, la piirsiitvl with pistintiadnt, and 
can tt'rminat^' in notbing bnt Wood ' ^ fiirf, 
Jlint. xv'm. (M)l-3; wm aitt) f'uTTrajiini'lmivi 
0/ WiUMm Pitt, EiiHof Chathim, ISJO, iv. 
406-fl). On l« X(ir. 1777 bis ftruendmMil W 
tho addruM pTnyin(» ttiat thi* king mi^kt bu 
pleofie-d'tocaute the most apet.> and etr^^tnat 
measures to bo taken for reslorini^ iieAce in 
America "was seootidod by l^rd.I"bnCnr«i- 
iliaii 'q. r,], nnd oiipportf d by Hiirlto itiid Fon, 
bnt was dL>r«utt<d bv 24.H to Ktl (I'arL Hut. 
xix. J14-lfi, 442). ' Cnon th<^ dfath of faJs 
gwindfitthnr Jnhn, tliira duke of liuiland, on 
29 May 1779, h» snofci'ded to the titl^ (cf. 
JottmoU «f the Mouft of LordA, x^tv. jKK)), 
He was sworn Inrd-lieutenant of Leicester- 
shire on 9 July 177y {L'tuJ^n OtxftU*, No. 
11904), and invoAted ft Icni^ht of the Oarte* 
onSOct. I7M. On U Fob. na-Jhit wa* a^ 
point I'd lonl ntfiward of th« boiiMbold with 
n sent in tbo Earl (if Shi,lbiirin-'» cabinet, and 
on tbi; NaniR dnr wiui ndmittt'd n member of 
the priry council. He rcsignt'dO'ltiM' upon the 
formation of the coaUtiuu iniatBtry in April 
1788, but was appointed lord priw »*ai in 
Pitt's adminifiiTution on 'i'i iJec. following 
(;*. No. 1:J50:S>. He wan induced by Pitt 
to accept the post of lord-limut 1:11 mil of Ire- 
land in thcplncuof ibr Earl of NortbiniiUiit 
onll Feb. liH4,ond wmi sworn in at DubUu 
on tJn'2ltboftliennmi!mo«tbfi''>-'St. 
Tlidugli l*itt at. lintt tuMrmc lo Iiave beau sin- 
candy nniionit to nifonii I ba Irish parliament, 
Rutland proTiiiuncedtliafiu-eslionnfn'foTmto 
be'diilicult aiiddanKProiiarothc Inst degree.' 
and while tbo dt^niand for rolfenchmont wa« 
at its height insisted on ihc crcntiou of new 
places in order to Htrpngtlit-Ti tho parlia- 
racnlarj' inflwcnci- of the govrmmrnl. II» 
np]»^ars to havi' qnickly niadii up bii mind in 
favour of H Ic-gislBlive union, and in a letter 




toRtt,d«t«il 10 June 17M. sajrs: ' Were I 
to indulge a diUant speculnliciii. I should 
ny tlut wiUioaL tm tmuMi Trcland will not. 
k* eoaiMCMd with (inu, Briuin in t.wtiily 
TMi* longer' {OMvetMUMlnw, 1890, pp. 1^ 
10). In a dseGch daUrcnd in the Houso af 
Lorf» OB 11 April 1799 Richard Watson, 
bishop af LUndaff, who h&d be«a the duke's 
tolor al C«mbridp9, □u-ntiiiied that he had 
pmeaedthe imponatiMof ■ l<if;Ulnliv>ji tinirm 
upon Rutland, who iwplip.d thiit 'h<> whnllv 
approrvd flf ttut Bi<4untro, but ftddndtbo man 
who thonld att«tu|it to e»rrj tht> tni^uure 
into «aentti(Hi vould be tarrvd and featheF»d' 
{Pttrt. ifMCxxxiT.TSt;). .\ftarataiuMTro- 
•pondtfiee b«tw««D ihe Eiij^Liah and Irish 
govenuneota, l*itl's comDiertiftl pr'>[>o«itiuiu 
were [aid befor« th^ Irish Houm of (.'ooi- 
mona on T Feb. 1785 in the form of ten 
naolntiona. Thdv paMod throueh thi< Iri*h 
parliament after n coni^^Mioa had hoen mad« 
W Rutlaad to Orattnn'a vivwa. Owitiff t*> 
Ine detvnntited appotitioD of th« English 
nuouficlurtm, th« rt!«oluitoiis were to ma- 
t*!!*!!}' altvKd >Q tbe £n)^liab parliament 
that wheh Urdd. the chief Mcretar^, moved 
fi» Uaveto brin^inthoUllaffibDdyios thorn 
(IS Aii(r- 1'^)> (t ^at doDouocad 1^ Orattaa 
ui • magniBccot >p«t)ch, and Rutland bad to 
■haadoD tho tdoa of carrying it ibroufrh the 
Iriah parliament. 

Rutland watt an amiable and extrarairaut 
peer, without anrpaniculai talent, except 
ur oonriTiaiiiT. The utmost ma^^tii'-eiicc 
nfuJiecd the cntoftailUiiaDta of the ticc- 
ngil oooTl, and ths duks and tho tluchvas 
'wem rvckonod lb* faaodaoniMt oiuplo in 
Inland' <SiR J. BaBM^rarnR, HUtoric Afe- 
i*wtr«,ii. 32A). In the aumnitirof ITS' Kut- 
land went fora tourihmuch the coiml rv, and 
waa entFitaiued at the scau of many noblo- 
B^ ' During the coune of this tour,' aoys 
'Wcuall. ' he iDVarikbl; brgan the day i>y 
eattDgat breakfitBC nx or aeven turkey's vrri 
aa aa acconipaniineat to t«a and ooflce. Mi; 
than rode kx%y and Kumwliinm fiftj niileit, 
dioed at aia or wren oVloclf, after which lie 
drank v«r7 freely, and conoludeil by lilting 
op to a late hoar, alwaya aupping before ho 
letind to reat ' (MeTMtirt, v. 34). Upon his 
lUmu to Dublin he wns seized with a violent 
fwer, and died at I'bcenix Lodee on 'J4 Oct. 
1787,ag«d33. Ui* body.afteTlyiDzinxUte 
in tb()grt«t«>mioitlennjotn«f iW Hoiweuf 
Lorda, wia nmoTdd lo Ruifland «-ith great 
pomp {LomtoH Qaseifn, 1 7Si , jip. M!t-' ), mid 
waa buried at Botlasford, LetCMterKbire, on 
25 Nov, 1787. Oeorae Crnbb« the poet, who 
had been the duke's damMtio chaplain at Bel- 
voir, wrote ' A Dtsooune reail in the Chapxl 
at Belvoir Castle after the Funeral of His 

Grace the Duke of UiitlumI,' &c. (, London, 
17B8,4to)i while Bish<i|i Wnc&un [iranuunced 
an extravafianf. pann^vrii; on thii late [lake 
iluTiii^r tbedubate on t1i<>nddruM on 27 Nor. 
1787 {Pari. Hist, sjtvi. Il>3:i-i). 

KuttandwasaaiuliraAle fHi-ud of William 
Pitt, who owmI bia lirat ^i^at in the lioutie of 
Commons to the duke'^ inHuenee with Sir 
,In»ip»lxiwt,hpr(Wii.i)i*M.,ij.8Ui^. Part of 
thi''C4iTTT«jiiinHrnfi" tietw-vn thi? liiebt. Hnn. 
WiliiHia Pitr. nnd fTliarlcs. lliik-i ofKutlund, 
L»rd-IJcu(<>mnt of Irelnnd I781-17W7,' vn» 
prii*at<ily printed by Lord Mabon (afterward! I 
Earl Stanliai)e) in tS-li* ( London, 8vo). This 
volume WS4 reprinted and published by 
the preeent Duke of Kutknd in 1B90 (Lon- 
don, Sro), Th^ cmTfMjwindence of the Irish 
gcrnmraant with Tboma* Town ^hond il after- 
wards Viscount Sydnnr) during; RiitLand'e 
vicaroyalty ia prwirv^ nt the Iti^tionl OHtco. 
Tho ' Paniamentarj" Uiitory ' ttc.irilii no 
ftpeeches delir^ired by Itutland in tbu Houaa 
of Lord*. His speeches in the Ici»li p«rli^< 
ment will bo fonnd in (he * Jotimala of thA^ 
Iri«h House of Lords' {V. 533-1, OS^-e, 659, 
6eo,7M-6,vi. 2-5. 124-5). 

He married, on 'i9 Doc. 1775, Lady Mary 
Isabella SoDii^rwt, tlit> TOunfTMt daughter of 
Charles, fourth duko of Brnufort, by whom 
be bad four aooi* — rix. <I)John Ilcnry, who) 
born on 4 Jau. 177t^, suureeded u the fiftbi 
duke, and died on 20 Jan. 18&7; (^Cbarl«a j 
Iloory SomcrecC. who, bom on 34 OeU 17d(^ 
btT-amo n (leiiflml in tho armv, and died on ' 
H') May Itio.'*: (S) Robert William, who, bom 
tin II Dt*. I, bt'come n major-general in 
the urm^, and died on 15 NoT.'lSiTi ; and (4) 
WilliamKobenAlb&nac,wbi,bornon I May 
1783, died on 22 Aprill 793— and two i1nu);h- 
tcra: (!> Klisabet^ Isatitlln, who mnrrifMl 
Iticbsrd Norman of Leathcrheucl, ^urn-y.iin 
IM Aug. 17118, Bud died on 5 Oct. 1853. and 
(2)Kaihrrrinc .Mary.wbo married Cecil Weld 
Fiin'iliTtBft.iTwnrds first nar>]D FonwTeri on 
17 Juut? IfiOO.and di*d on 10 :\[arch I^Sfl. 
The duchea* aurvivi-cl hnr husband many 
y earn, and died in SackvilloSi n-et, Piccadilly, 
on 2 Sept. 1831, afc«<l 76. ^thx wnji aalrik* 
ingly handsome woman, and Wroxall Kirea 
B glowing description of her charms \Mii- 
mi»r», V. 36-7). Sir Joshua l^ynold^, to 
whom the duke gave a largo number of com> 
inifmiiinii, paiiitrd li<>r four times. The flnftr 
THjrtrait, taken in March 1780, and engTared'] 
ijy Valentine Oi«vn io the same rear, waa . 
destroi'ed in the dlaiutioua ftn at Belroir in. J 
<)ecob(<i ISIO. A halMenfftfa porumitof tb« . 
■hike, painted in 1770 bv Reynold*, boloflfi* 
to the Man]tiig of Lothinn. Tbem aru ••n- 
f^vinge by Dickinson {1794) and llodgn* <if 
a whole-length |iortrait by Keynoldi. Por- 




tTftiu of tlio duke uid tho ducheu painted 
"b^ Uicliind Coswnjf were raf^vod hy WU- 
linm Imov [i], v.] 

[I^Kiiwof Hi>niaiWiil]ioIa, od-PtterCuiiniug- 
haui. col*, vi. tii. i-iii. ix. : air Joiuili Biimog- 
ton'ii UuUiric MMiiuIn uf Irolacd, ISSS, ii. 'i 1 0- 
22fi; Hnnlj'M Mcnioin of tlio Gvl of Cluirlc- 
nont, 1fll3, ii. It3~fil; Lifo nod Tim^ of 
Uoory GrattAD, 1S11, iii. ISB-Sl'i ; KutI SUa- 
hcp«'» Lifo of WillUm PitI, 18(51, i *G, 105, 
isa~A, 'JOO-TS, 34B ; Lift and Pofnw of th« Rsv, 
Goorge Cnhha, 18^4, i. llt-27. 131, 13«>r, 
ii. 14, 67-Q, UT; Luck;'* lIlBtury uf Eu(t!aud in 
lhi»EitchU«]>nihC8niiiry.iT.26S.2>)l).Ti 31T.341- 
413,414; Nit'UolH'N Rial, aod ADtiquitirv of tlio 
Coumjuf WcL-awr, ITna.iLpt, J.t)p.6a, 68, l(h>; 
Ni«hc^'» Lit. Anecd. of tbc £i};utv«riLli Cvii- 
lury,18l*-i5,viii.l23, US.ix.e; Nichol»*5 Uhi*- 
Imliotis, ]8r2-15, \i{. TOS-a, viii, 12; Ledio 
ami Taylor's Life aoil Tlmw of Sir Jiwhua Rev- 
iiold«,l8fi8;(iBiit.M*,ii,pp.«3».l01G. \ 
I031,]IU3.1123, 11^0: Ann. RDg.l7ST,pp.3^«i~ 
317.238. 275-7: Doyle'uOfficinl ItaroniigB, 18S8. ' 
ii. 202; Burke"* Puprage, 1891. p. 11(^7 ; Rfituni ' 
of MdtnbnrB of Pdrliiimonl, pt. ii. p. H9; Qrud. 
Cftnlntir. IS21,p. IBT.App.p. IS-l O.F.B.B, ' 

JOHN, sixth Duke op KtrxLASD (1815- | 
l8^),lhonilfiMaj'181Ij,waieldest sufTivinff 1 
•on nf .Toliw lli^ny', fifth dukd of Kiitlnntl. by ' 
Lady EliKabi>tliIIowaTd,dnusliTeriif the (iftu 
earl of Carlisle, IlewitiMiiimtiidnt Kt.otiiind 
al Trinity CiilIeige,t'}in»l>riiig.>,'iphcPL' he wan 
created M-A . in I S.lij. lit wm ticketed M.P. 
forStmmf.iridiii IrtSr.uidiiBt for that borough 
till l8oi', wlieii he waa returned for North 
liCicwtpr^hir-;. l-'rom 18-13 M 1848 he waa 
lord of ibc^ledcliwiiber to the [jfincn consort, 
!It ■WHS a itruiijj eotiBcrvative and pratft- 
tioiiistF opposed Li)rd John Itii«4oll on tlm 
su^ur duti"!^. a-vid )»"iirirftll_v suppoPtr>d Lord 
Georjf« iteultiick durine his IcaQorehip of tbv 
protoctionial part )- in tli*! J lou#c ff Cotniuona 
<1W6 7). ncW(L»ni^v«r» powurfulMjettker, 
thongli hi; i^pnlwi verj- oflun. After i^'t'i lie 
^cw out offivinpiitby witlilLecyiidervativc 
pulii'v; nnd tlit- lurd-lieutaiiancy nf Lin- 
ci)liiti"hiru wins aci^urdiim 10 Or«vilI«, givtn 
to him ill that j'far 'to stop hia mniith.' 
Ilu Iwcame lord -lieutenant of Loiccatcrghifu, 
20 March 18-^7, and in thu same yi:iir auc 
ccedod hi« father ns Diike of Rtitlunil. lit- 
wae mndv K.O. in 1867, tiod dind luiioarried 
atBfdvoir, I Mnrrti 1888. H« vriw micfii^ded 
1>yb»brothi;r,Ij(inl John James liob^ri Man- 
ni;nt. »i>vriilh and pn^aiint duke of Rutland. 
Rutluiid'ii political vic-wa were formed in tlic 
day* precediuK the rep*nl of thu corn Uivs, 
ouJ were never afl*rward» modifird, Pt'r- 
fionally he wiw popular, nnd a fipU-ndid riilrr 
to bounds, tliougli in Ulur yonra Uuwiut du- 
■bletl by guuL 

[Tiniegi, A UarfJi 18SS ; Illuetrikicd London 
Km. IDMaivli 1888; Field, 10 Uorcli 1S88; 
(trcTillv's Jooin^l of tb? Itoi^ of Qtwon Vto- 
torin, iii. 123, 471, 473; lUDwrdf Part Da- 
bnCw. Mpociallj lS4S-»7; £il«r'i Hin. of B«|. 
voir Ciistla; UUmeli'a Lifaof Lord tteorita Ban- 
tiuck.] W. A. J. A. 

MANIfERS, EDWARD, Ihifd Kakl or 
RuiLASD (1W!)-I'»'^). bom in 1649. wm 
tildiwt son n{ Htiriry, wicrind pnrl of Rut- 
lurid [(]. V.]. by Mnrgnnil., fourth dau^htijr of 
ltali)!i NttviUi!, fourth Harl of WVttmorland. 
He aeems to Itavu b«*a edueati-d at Oxford, 
chough he did not graduate tUentasa atudi*at. 
He bor« the title of Lord lEooa or lio&, the 
old tit 1b of his family, until I'ifiS, when by 
till! dtiatliof hid IViflier lit' luicnme tbifil Karl 
of Hutlcind. ilu wuB umdoiinuiirthiMiutmn'a 
witrds, and wiw trpmtilly iiudiT thi? (?]ini^a 
of Sir WiUiuin Lonil, who wiis conuwriad 
wilii him by nmrriago. Ha accompanied 
the queen on h^rvisit taCambridffe inlS&l, 
and wax lodged in St. John's Collef;e, and 
LTuiitiid M.A. 10 Aug. In Oitlober 1588 he 
was miideM.A.uf Oxford. In l&80hejoined 
tht! FkrI nf Sti^nex, Uilcin^ hi* l«niints with 
him, and litild a commnnd in thr> nrmv which 
snj>prcs9L>d tlie nortliem iniinrr<Miion. tn 
1570 he passed intd Francu, Ci^cil dniwin^ 
up a paper of instructione for hva guidance. 
Fie was in B'nris in th* Kebruary of the nest 
yiyir. .\t lt(iTn« he n>ceived many oHicoa, and 
diaplayed nnthtiniiuitic dovotion lAthequMn. 
On '5 .\ii(f. 1A7<> he b^^cnlnn cnnntjiolo of 
?f(ittinghiimC(uitk>,imd II ti.'ward,l(iv|>ar, war- 
don, and chief justice of Shorwood Fontftt 
in l'i7l hv wii* firodary of tlie duohy of 
LuiiC4i«tt'r for the couuties of Nottinsbam 
and Derby ; In 1574 be wae appointed Und^ 
lit-utennnt of Notlinghauisliire. 

On 17 Jane 1577 uulland was placed on 
the cccloMastical CDnuuiMJou for the pr^ 
vincL'of Vnrk, ojid in 1571) on tli<; council 
of the ngrlb. Iti tho grand tiltiuij match of 
l&SO Rut lu lid and twclvu ulhcra i:onli.'iided 
vrilli n similar iiuml>t'r. heudi-d by Eeovx, hv 
fore thu i|ueeii at Wi-stmiaatiT. Ilia public 
olllces probably now abiiofbcd all his lime, 
as in msi a relative, John Mann era, seems 
to hnv-f bwn ninnoginK hi» I'statt". On 
lij^i'i lord-]ieuti;iiinit "f Lincoln shin.', ttis 
Btyli' uflivinir was vrry '-xiK-nfiivr ; wb-n ho 
went with hiHCtmnlt**!^ Ii'md'in about l/Ml 
Iitt had with him forty-one iierv8iit«, includ- 
ing a lUnilniii, LrumpeitT, ([ardeniT, and 
apotheeary. In June 1586, with Lord Eiirw 
and Randolph, be arranged a trentv of peac« 
witli thiT Scol.-^ at Berwich. and hfs brother 
Rogar «Tnt« tlint lii» conduct hail been a^ 
pruvcd by tho court. On 6 Oct. lie wa« one 



4f Um oommiuionen (o trr Mary Qu$en of 
Sooto. Tbe qaMa proiuifritl to make Litu 
locd cluaevIlorMftvr the dtiuili of Hit Thomiu 
Bromley ftj. v.], whicli towk lilua; ]'i April 
15OT, OBil ue waa fvr a dat ur twv no ntylcd. 
He JimI, however, ou 14 Avril Itft^t at liU 
liouse kt Irr UfitlK^' iu iW blrand. ('aiudi-u 
Hji thai ha wu a [««nied mao and a good 
lawyn. Ilii funoraL wu Terjr costly : bis 
body was taken toBottafurd. Lcicntenhirc, 
_aiid buncd in tbc church, whore thero is an 
pilapb. Ellrr ^nt aii account of hie will. 
.. k late uortrail, atUibotcd t<J Jan Van dur 
Eydea [(|. v.], in at BdvtMr. AJW ne^tin- 
tioDs With aeveral other ladiea, be m&rriHd 
(laC«r than Jaaiuir lB71-2\ Isabfl, dauf-h- 
t«r of Sir Thomas llolcroft of Valo ttajal, 
Clmhirp, and li-ft a daughter, EliMlwth, 
who wan ntrli-fi Itnnim-M Roos; she mairicd 
in IMS Sir William Ct^il, aArrward* Lord 
Bargliley, aud dii^d in 1.'>0I. Hrr wn Wil- 
liam was in riulit o{ hh moilitr c'mlSrtiii>d in 
tbebarony of ICoosinlrilil.anil dii'd in l(tl^ 
[aes tmder L-UCE, Sik TiiobasI 'ITie earl 
was saoceaded by hit brother John, fourth 
«arl. wbo, dying 21 F^b. 1587-d, was fol- 
lownl by hin win lEiigi-r, Ilfi li «arl [q. v.l Tbo 
willow, who lirinl till KilH), wiut IMublnd 
wtlh tnonoy difficidiie* owirnt lo lier hiiit- 
bau()'i< debtv and puuuf[ed in liiiftat ion about 
hii will. Maiiy of Idb earlH letten are pre- 
seired at Belvoir Castle. 

[Cin|>fr't AthcnatCnutnlfr. i. 13, HZ ; Uojlo's 
Oneial Bafna^^^ SanA'nlaii'lTuwntiKld'ii'tnnC 
Oovarning Fftniilicn of Eni^litn^; k^lUi'a ilUt. 
al B*1raif Curie, pp. ts a^. ; C*\. Sut« Pitpar*, 
Dew. I5*T-«OrP'40S.4M'.. 1581-911 pp, 84, &e.; 
Nichols* I«inMerabire. ii. *S; Froudv'ti Hint, 
of EofiL U. St2 : ^iehoWn Pntfrewiiui of Quauii 
Eliiabetb, ii.AUS; Hint. MS.i. Onntn l^lli llrf. 
App. ir. pamm . Cn]L-odAr of Hntlleld MS.':\ li. 
210, &c.iii. 1 1 J. Ac] W. A. J. A. 

MANNERS. FRANCIS, eixth Karl ff 
l{» (IfiTl* Itl'Sif, jincrmJ ton nf Jtihn, 
fnurtli mrl of RuiUm), Ti<i|)liew of Edwurd, 
(bird fear! in. v.j, and brother of Hoei*, fifth 
*arl [q. v.], was bom in 3678. Ho attmi 
ta have bM'n with bia brothe'ra under Th<> 
far^of John Jf|ron [q. v.] at Csmbriiiffe. In 
ISHS h" w«at abnind, nnd in the course of 
lii« travels througrh Knuirn, (i^rmmiy, and 
Italy k« wan tuitortAinnd br TAriniu prinno*, 
notably tha Emperor Matlaiu find tbuArch- 
duk* F«Tdlikand. Returninff to Kncland he 
took pari, lilcv hin brothen, lto|{iT, faftb cart 
cif Rutland fq. t.], and Sir (lt^or|,i! Munner«, 
ia Ensex's plot in F(fbniar>' |ti<X>-l, and waa 
imprison^ in the Poultry Counter. Ho was 
fiaad a tltouaand aatrks and coniisiitl«d to the 
eoslody of his uncle Roffor at Enflald. Sir 
Itobrrt C-.^il, however, obtaiuvd a romtMion 


of th>e fine, and thus tb«alFair cost little either 
tohim or nil brotkor George. Ad sooa u hs 
was free h<t wrote a ponitont letter to his 
Mn<:\<! Sir John Monnvm of lloddos. In 
Nuvemher ItiOl hv became a acmbci of thu 
luuur TempK-, 

11<? wiia pniitiinKnl fit thi- court id Jaincv I, 
and wit»' creaiitl K.II. un 4 Jan. I'i04-C at 
the »ime time as I'naco t_'barli.«, aad on 
i*7 May IS07 became joint kGcptT of Husk- 
wood Park. On -tt Juno MIIJ be »ucctedod 
his bruthur Roger w fuxlh rarl of Uutland, 
nnd wan mndii h>rd-li<-iit<.^niint of Lincoln- 
chim c>n IT] July folliiwinii;. On 7 Ana, in 
tbt! same y^ar tis ^nlertnined .Tanir-ji T nt 
HeWoir, and tUe kinK ra|>eBled tlie visit five 
tioiM in aflor vean. lie bold tbe ollictauf 
conetablo of NottingUnni Oaclle and keepct 
of 3b(Twood Fnroat fr>in October ltH2 until 
April )Oi(t, unil at ihi.- bnnnl of Princo 
HeniT carried the tar^l. Ko look part in 
all lite court reri'iuonir^, and vras madv 
K.a 24 Afjril IfilG. Tlie litk- of lord 
Ri;)o« had been carried by n dautrhter of the 
third Larl of UotlaTid into the faniity of the 
Manjuis of Exeter [«?>? under MAX!(t.-fM,Kl>- 
WAKii] : but Itutland ilnimi-il il, and lie was 
ackni>wli-di;fd to Ih; l^iril II^hw at Ilntnlska 
onSU July USUI. 

(Jn rt April 1617 Rutland became a privy 
nouncillor, and attended the kin^ into bcm- 
laud the same year. He was created war- 
deii and chief justice of tbe royal forests 
north of tlio Trent on 13 Nov. Ifillt, and 
fuxtfi* ro/iilorum for Norllmmplouflilrfi do 
7 Fid*. 1(]:J:J'>1. Although ]i>' kci-ihh Id bara 
diKApprnti'd an itxiremc |Milii'y in c^buicli 
umlti'ra, bis family coniiectioii nilli Ruck* 
inghaDi wrured hiin tbe appointment, on 
21 April lfl?3, of iKlmiral of the fteot to 
brinp botn'j I'rince C!inr!w from tfl^uiin. At 
the coronation of Chiirlos ho biyre the rod 
with Iht^ d07i*. lie dii^d on 17 Dee. |(IS3 
at un inn in Riabn|ui Storlfonl, Ih'Dfnrd* 
(hire. Mony of his Gumily were round bim, 
and he made them a curious speoph, of which 
notes are preeeri'eii at Bclvoir. He was 
huried at Ikitteuliird. Rutland married, 
firflt. on (1 Alfiy IBOii, Fniiiir<ui, danshtcr of 
Sir llonrv Knovet of Oliarllon, W iltsliire, 
nnd widow of Sir William B<^r!l of Kilk- 
hampton, Cornwall ; secondiv, aUer 'Jd OrY.. 
mOi, Cicely Tuftoii, daughter of Sir John 
Tufton and widow of Sir Kdwnrd lliin^^ 
ford. Tbe couil*bip, of mlbor a inurcvuarr 
character, is dwcrife'd in a U-tT^r pre•e^^■ed 
at Belvoit. Ry his fir»t wife br. had a 
daughtor Catherine, who mnrriMl tin- Uuk« 
of niicking^am en 36 May HVM [tt-a under 


lUu], and after hia death Randal Mac- 

Donnell, fint marquis of Antrim [a. v.] By 
hii second wife b? had twoeon^i, who died in 
ia&ney fram X.Uf eoj>pii*ip(i ■:.fii>ei« of sorcpry. 
Thfl wiiiow ilii^!l in HiS.t. Uutlnnd wm l«se 
•Xtraviu^ant' than tiirist nf l>i> fnrally, t.h,ouji;!i 
bu cCotbM wurit vnlut-ii iit WW/. -wUeii he died. 
A law portrait, atlributud to Viin der Kyden, 
it »l Bol voir. Hi- ■»»!< succecduJ i>y hia liro- 
ther, Sir UMtr);^ M&uuurs, cm suvoath. «arl. 

[Dti(['i"ln'9 Bininatrc ; I'oylo's Official Bacoii- 
nga; Calttndur of KSS. prwieri'oil at Belvoir 
(Hill. MH». Conun.). HpDCCtiU^r vol. ).; ElWa 
Bolrtir OiMtlc pp, 58 »q.: Bygono Lincolodhire. 
ii. 137 M-r N'iclirjifl'* ProgreMiMof tCiug Janit«I; 
CM. of SUU Psp«ni, Dum., Wpwiallj IClffr-Si 
Matcnli'u"! Bookcf Kmehta.) W. A, J". A. 

MANNERS, OEOUGE (1778-1853), 
editor <>{ the ' Satirist,' was l)orn in 1778, 
lie wne called to tlio hai, bocame a Dotcd 
wit in London, nod WM in l-^tl? founder 
and oue of tbe proprnton of tLo ' Satirist, 
«r MoutlU^ M«te«T,' « voaturo in ccurrilous 
litoroture, iBsnt-d monthly, with a riew, it 
WA> claimed, to Uiu <:xi)0.iLin? uf impontun. 
Tiie flrsl uuatilior apptanji on 1 Oct, 1807. 
Al &rt.l coloured] cttrloDUFi were att«iit|>led, 
but it is Slated ui ttic prafoco i« vol, ii. that 
these w«Te dropped owing to tbe artists 
htTing diHappointed lh« editor. In Ittl^ 
llBanerit ported witlt it and tlio publishing 
ofSoOA at 267 Strand to ■William Jerilan 
[q. v.^, who trii'd h\n lucli 'Avil.b a new genes, 
divealed of tlin pnraonalilieii ami nuK^oiir nf 
the old." Desjiili! the bad biir>,'Miu nliidi he 
mado over iliw purchase, .lerJon daacribes 
Mannors as ' a K>^nll(iman in every acnatt of 
the word, fill] of fancy nnd tnleni, acuto nnd 
Willi 'm{ortnK'\'(Autnl'i<i^riipk!f, 1.108). The 

Crindical ri.-ft!*©!! in 1)^34. Tn IfilSMannrrs 
caum itritiah c«ii«ul ot Boston, und huld 
offlci! till 1*31), Hediitdatt^nbiirrinCanaila 
on 18 Feb. ISfifl. 

Manners wrote: 1. ' Edfjar, or tin* Cale- 
donian Brolhere,' a tragedy, London, ISOtl, 
4to. 2. ■ Mentoriana, or a Irflter of Admo- 
nition t^ the Dnke of York,' I«)7. 8vo. 
8. ' Vindidf" Sat.irir.'ip, or a Vindiculion of 
the Prinei]ilp« of lb» "SmiriKt,"' IWOH, Svo. 
4. 'The Uivsl rniiHJSlun. or Two Polit.icnt 
Epistles lo Two Political Cbeatu," 1809, Hvo, 
6. ' The Conflagrat ion : a. Foeni,' nosloii, 
1626, 4to ; thi* was written to asaist the 
BuflVrert in Cnnadian fires. 

[Notoii and Qnnrion, 'iwl tor. i. 314, 361. li. 
156 ; Wati'« KiM. Urit. ; Crato's Aiuer. Biog.] 

W. A. J. A, 

MANNERS, HENRY, mv.<mi\ EkKh nv 
RCTHSD (.(/. I o(i3), wam'hli'Kt jton ofThomaa 
Manners, ft ret eurl at Rutland and I/>rd Hop 
[q. *.], by IHeiinor, daughter of Sir William 

Paston. lie is stated b; Do;le to hare been 
horn bi^fore I&S6, but stoet probably lis ttta 
bom before 1515, A son of Hord Ros is meo- 
tioHLid ns Ijrine a pug*: of honour at the mar- 
riage of Louis aII of FranL'untid ihi; I'riooeM 
Mary. His niolhurcouiplaiiiifO tbiit in brino- 
itig liim up she had iacurred debta yrhica 
H W cuuld not pay. He aucceadod as seooBd 
Karl ontutlnDd on biafathcr't deatli,S08ept. 
1M3, was kniehlcd b; Onry VCI in 1G44. 
ttiid was one of tlu nouiB«r> at llio king's 
funeral. At Edvrnrd'it coronation be wm 
bearer of tho spurs. lu IM? be iros no- 
minated constable of NottiiiKtiain Castleand 
warden anddiiof justice of Sherwood Forieab 
aa a rvword for conducting an expedition 
into Scotland. On 1 May 1C49 he waa 
appoiiittid wBrdpn of the cust and middle 
niarcht!H, and bad ittrsonul commnnd of a 
hundred horse al Btrwick. He wrm* to 
have belontred lo Warwick's party, and litt 
made depositiona ia ISID as tn couverja- 
Uona tie had had willi Seymour, the lord 
admiral, lie took pnrt in the Scottish opeta- 
tiona, iiolahlv tbr; dwnolition of llie fortiflc^ 
tioiis of llaildiujiljiti. He wn» one of thoM 
who rect'ived the French lio«tncw in 1560, 
when the treaty which followml tho 'icmm of 
Boulogne -was condudML (in 14 April I5RI 
he became joint lord-lieutenant of Lincoln* 
fliinmnd ^ottinghamsIlire, and at that, timo 
livnd wiii^n in I»ondon at Whitlinjtton'a Col- 
leen. FnimMjivlo. August 1561 hewasabsent 
I le beSooKed. likn Nortlnimlwrlafld, to tfae ax- 
treme reformed party in church matters, ud 
WHS one of those who look pari an 8 Dec. lACl 
in the j-econd debate on the real prwenc* 
butwinin Cheke and Watson in SirRiehord 
Morison's house. On 1(1 May 1552 ho t»^ 
earae larfl-liBuivnani of Nottini^hamshire, 
probably iu NnrthtiiulHirland'« intorast, and 
on Mary's occesjion he wa« at onco impri- 
soned in the IHeet oa an adhertutt of Ladj 
Jane Grey. 

Rullflnd, however, soon came to tomui 
with iiary's ifoveninieul. He was made on 
admiral in I5i')6, and took part ai> a ^ener&l 
of hopfe iu thu French war nf I5">7, After 
the loss of Calais lie was on duty at Dover 
(cf. Khoide, Mutorr/, x't. 4.'W), and' on 19 Jan. 
l&r>7>KHve hundred picked men raisL-dinibA 
oity of London were ordered to serve under 
liim. Untland vns n favourite of Queen 
E!is!flbpth,an<lh«dalftP.«ecOTditiglo Lloyd,* 
pertain ropn la t ton for kflrnini;. On IS April 
KifiShiiwait rominatrd K.t),,ftnfl on 10 May 
in the aame year bi>cnmi- Inrd-li-'ut'-naot of 
Rutland. On 24 F*b. 1S6I)-I h^; was mad« 
lord president of the north, nnd on 6 Slay 
I64JI an ecvt«eiaslical coramisaioner for tlw 


b JlQViBOa of York. He died, wentin^lv af the 
Qlagtw.<ni 17 S«qit. I5ti3, and wu uuri«<d at 
BUMnrdioLeiemUrshire. Kutluid carried 
■ hit fiufattf'tworiiof altering Be I voir, com - 
pleilnp llie rectoiuion \u l'»V). A IntJipnru 
tnil, aliribnted Ui Van div Eydi^n, in at. 
Belvoir, H» married fiwt, ftn SJuW l-'iSa, 
tXflT Marjrarv'i Xevill*, founli dau^tw of 
Hilf.iMrl of W4<^t[Dor[BDd— she died at Holv 
iirrU.lj)ndnn,lS<>rt. l<VtO,andIi lid a splendid 
fnncnU al St. Ijivinard'a, Shoreditch; wv 
caBdlf, Bndg;«t, dniiffht«r of John, lord 
H(ua*7, and widnw of Sir OiarlsM Moriion 
~ OuluoburT, n«rtrord»Iiirr, wlin nflcr hU 
I remamAd Fnuicia, aucond ntrl at Ded- 
aad died IS Jan. 1600 I. lU wm 
' ncMwlMl Iiy lii« eld»»t a»n bv bi* firat -wifc 
Rdirard, tbird Mrl of Kutlaiiil, who u 6ep»- 
nt«lr noticod. Uucb of litscDm«iioiideiiee 
ia pnMrB«d at Bolroir. 

{DajW* QflUtal RaruM^ ; CallinR'a Pe^ranL 

f«d. BrrdiTM, vol. i,; SirtioU't Lalculanhfra. li. 

I af. ; Prowle's Ilwi. iii. I*». ». 1 *7 : Lloyd'* 

9 Vorthiu (life of Lord Qrry nf Wilcno) ; 

Cliraci. of CoUia (OtBd. Soc.), p. H ; 

bya'i l>ia7 (Cand. 8*0. >. puBimi Cal. of 

» P4Mni, fio<nMl>o. \&i1-»0 ; Cnl. of MSB. 

Balnir (Hbt. MSS. Comm.}, toL i. ; Ui*L 

".CarnuB.4tti Ksp. pp. 302,204.308; FJUr** 

Mr CkAla. pp. 44 *q. : Godfrs/a IliaU of 

laotoa. pp. 21ft-lft; Noiiioghun Kooorda, iv. 

1>I«9. : SuTpe'a AnnalA, I. i. lli. ISSi Menia- 

' ikb, 11. i. US. 4IH, fill. iM. li. SOft. iii. i. 26, 

"",10»jLif«ofCh*kc.pp.;o,7;.] W.A.J.A. 

MARINERS, JOHN, ei^-htb Eabi or 
BrriAM' atiOi-1079). eldest eon of Sir 
iMstmcn (it. Kfi^l of llaildon, wa^ 
I of Goor^ sFr<>ntli rail of liutknd, 
■• doaCoDdnl from Sir John Manncra, 
I MOOml aon ofTlioniM Mannrre, flra t carl 
Rotknd [a. r.'; His mnf her vna Orace, 
iod <ian^tvr of i^ir IliMirv Pii.'rrv]>i.iinC 
L aiaur to Kobert, earl nf KliiKHtini. II« 
I bom at AyUeUQe, Ijeicufarmhire, on 
10 Jnne 1604. and educatM ai Triaiiy Col- 
I Cambridp.', wbero ho dot-B not tt'oni to 
kTO graduated. In Norcmbor 16^1 hit be- 
e » member of the Inner Temple. Tic 
hifh aherilT of Dcrbyshirr in 1634 and 
1636, and M.P. for Uitt mau: <.-oiintjr from 
l«40toldl3. On29;i[arcliI(142hr«ucCM<drd 
I eiKbtli earl of Uutland. Tbn>uj;hi)ui tin; 
between che kint; and parliameni 
idwaa a moderate parliamenlariaa. In 
luiiaiy lft4£-^, wfavD {nrliameni was som- 
1 to Oxford, h* na« one of the twentr- 
I vbo rrnuini>d nt ^NV* I minster. In 
Fnlj IftiS Im> waa avni with Ixird Ony on a 
Biuioii from the parliammit to EtUobiuBli to 
^aak for aaaiiHance from the Scou (cf. JfUt. 
MSS. Comn. Atb Itep. App. pi. I ■pf. 96. 

113). He retired, howerer, on tbe plea of 
ai-h«alth. Uii 1« Uct. 1(M3 he took th« 
coviiiuint. In NiiriitiV'r I64S ba nraa no> 
uiiniilnd fintt l^umlnilUIillIll!rof llw fTMil Real, 
but watexeuwd at buuM-n rwiuMt. iUlmir 
wa3 taken by tli« royalitra iind^r Sir ChirraM 
Lucaa early 'in lOiS, and all Rutland'tMtata 
was soon in the hands of the eneaj, who 
v)i>-ted the timber. In November l&l5the 
C4Uit!i' wna Htnrmad by a pi»«y under Slydsn- 
luim I'oynUi, Ilip oniVoAs werr taken, and 
on S Fftb. IMii-fl thn Burrinfin mar^hnd out 
undiir a eapilulation. In llU-i ftullnml vru 
unt to Scolliiiid u chief eommiMioDi-r frnai 
the Kn^tish pnrLiament. Oii '2S Nov. 18.LtS h«> 
wu mnd« lord wardf'n of the r>'r<'9t) north 
of Ihe Trent. Un 9 Uct. I&17 Foirfax gHw 
orders to gArriMa Belvoir for tlie parliameoC, 
U it had b«en diagarriaoned, and Itutland wae 
pn>po>''d in 1648 a» a, commiciionw to treat 
with the king in th« loleof Wi^ht. Ilewia 
also made oneofth« navy (!"mtiiiCU-v. InMoy 
lft4S mow bone ■oldi-.TAweruEiQot toBelroir, 
much to KiitUad't discontent, n-bich was In- 
cT«aaed ill Mav]64(l,wlieutbtt council of Slate 
rvcommcnded that tbe bouso abculd be de- 
molished. Uutland DoropUinod that bv luul 
Icrat thivD gears' ninta. lie rsoeivHl 1.500^ 
comptnuution for tlic damiigu done in di»- 
m ant liag B«lvoir, and nflor tbia tunc lived 
cliiuSy at Netliar llitddun in Di'rbysliire. 
After tbe HeMur&tiim hun^built tlii-houaeat 
ilelvoir, compli^tinx it in ItSOS. I>n II Feb. 
16117 he became lonl-liouteitant of Letceeter- 
ahirr, and di^d ut Nelhir [Inddon SB Sept. 
1tt79, III.' wneburifdBtBollp«ford.Leicena^ 
Bhirc Memarrirdin 1 1^*8 Frances (^. 1871), 
ni'Ci^nd dnn^litrr of I-"ilwi»rv!, first loni Mon- 
inKiiof Boiiifliinti. Ilewaa ancoeeded brhiit 
iliird son. Job II, ninth earl and first diiieof 
Ituikud, nrbo in separately noticed. Three 
porrnits, by Van Aer Eyden, by Cooper, and 
in miniature, are at Belvoir. 

[Dnylo'a OffiriAl Bnronap: Cnll'ni'a Pe«ng«, 
ed. nfydgM, vol. i. ; Eller's BMroir Cextlo, pp. 
68 m.: Gardiner'* Great Cird War. i. 309 ;l 
Kvelfun Diary, ir. ISO; Clareriilori's HtaLof tkaj 
IM«llinn. Oifonl aliCv, rol. vii.; Chi. of ai«t«| 
I>a)>vr», Dom. 1614 pp. 40, 47. IfilB-SO pp. 8M 
&c.. C«l.uf«aotTBdat fielroir(Hi«d 
M^. CotDoi.) ; Cal. <a tba Ptot. of the OommJ 
fur A'1t)ui(v of Honey, rp. 30, 40, fee. ; MithoVi] 
lyiiK-rtW^mhiTn. ii, 40 *].] W, A. J. A. 

MANNERS JOIIX, ninth Eakl aai 
firstDtJKt iiK UriLaMi (l<):v<-17in,bcimat 
Bouehton, Non.hamptrtn»hir>-. 2H M-iy 1638, 
WHS third *nn of Jrihn, ri^liili cnrluf FCntlanct 
fq. v.] Ill- vraji M.P. lor I.citvjtpniliirw from 
llltjl till ItiTH.wht-n he ^ucceedtH) !ii« fatlwr 
fl> Karl of Rut land, lie wan madu lord-li«ii« 
lunant of Leicetierabire 4 June 1677, and a 





1i«t 0^ hia hniiitebold nC the fime aliows tlie 
■t«te which tie inn'iiitaiued nt Udvoir. (U 
wu Bumnii^nqcl to tli« House of Lcinls as 
Lord Manners of HiMldcn on 313 Aiiri! 1079, 
but ttucL'c«<iiHl to tbu ourldom on ^0 Sept. 
fvllowiii)^. He ior« (In; quuun'a sceplre witJi 
tLocroua at tbu eoron&tioti uT Jamt-n 1 1, but lie 
a»ema to liave followed hie IVtberin iiolitics, 
and 11 Aag. l*i-'*7 was di^mii^iii'd t'coia liU 
loTd-lieiilonancv for poLtical rciLsona. At 
the revoUlion he joined lite Karl* ol' Stnm- 
fnrd mid IX-vonshire and oihcra in rjiiiting: 
forcoe for WillidiiL in XoitiriK'liii.iiijihirii, Tt<H 
Priiiii:t!Na Antii',>vlien elii- Hed frnm Wliildlin.!!, 
itKjk refucM at IMvoir. Manii^rawiw renturwl 
» bis lord-li«uteuajicy fl April KiHP. Hu was 
Terr riclL, and gikvo his daiiKbter a nmrriag'o 

rortion of l.l.fKO/. in 1(192. On 2» Marcli 
rOS hu wn* iiHulo Marquis of Cirniibv and 
Dtiltt!i>f Uiitlriml.rind hovintt in t.liin ycam- 
Mgncd liis Inril-liinitrniincy He wiis rrBl un-d 
to it in ITIX^. Diirinii tbb litxt ynarii of Ins 
life lie lived untirtly in tin- eimnlry, liaviii;^ 
» RMted nhjwtioti lo London, for wliitli 
probably bia utBtrimonial unbappinew w&s 
accouutable. lie died at Belvoir 10 Sa.a. 
I710-H ihK NbvB, MonumeHta Anj/limna, 
I7()()-15, p, ■Jl)-il, iird wn* biirii'il nt'RottsH- 
ford, Liii(v»i(T»fiiiT. Riitlnnil mNrmtd, Hmt, 
16 July IrtM, Liidy Anno Pierr(i|ifiiril,dnin(b- 
ler of Hi-nry, marqnii* of Dnreht'sltrr. Frnm 
lier bo was divorcL'd by net of pnrliiiiuunt on 
22 MurcU 1870. Tbis divorce crettied con- 
aidemble exntement at ihe court, ths Duke 
of Yarit bf>ing ngBinst tlw- (jriinting of it nnd 
tliM king on tbi> "tbor «idp (HrRSET, Own 
Timr). Uiitliirid iiiiirrii'd in IHTI !iia Bj'mnd 
wifn, Lady .\nni- Iirin'i',ilHi:glili'r n{ Itoliert, 
li»t flHTl of A vli^sburv. nnd widow of Sir Sey- 
mour Shirloy, bnrt. She died in July 1672. 
Hia lliird wife, wbom lie married on 8 So.n. 
1873, waa Catlierine Noel. da\i^hter of Bap- 
tiat, viscount Campdcn. Rv her, wbo died 
in 17ML', till had two mm!) nnd twodAiif^htere, 
ot whiun Jolin ('f. I72L) Biiwet>ded iw swond 
duk», find married Catherine, dniinbtor of 
Lord Willinm Russall. Several portrnit* of 
the first duko, with one of hU tbird wife, ft.«i 
at HelToir. 

[LnttrolL'ti Brief HtiL Rolfttion, pdarim ; 
Ui^yls'* OlGcinI KnmnagD ; Oollini'ii Foorage^ ed, 
Hrfdgi'K, rul. i. ; KirhoU'a Lelenutuntiire, ii. 
61 sq. ; Ma«4iilay'« Hiit. nf Hngl. ii. 337. fiU ; 
Cfcl.flf MSS. ai BBlvtiir (Hi«t. M;W. Comm.) ; 
Kllor'* Bnlv'iir. p. lOO «c).] W. A. J. A. 

MANNERS, .rOlIN, MARQirrt opGrar- 
nr (1721-1770), lioiiton&nt-|ten«ral, colonol 
of the roynl bnr^c ^*nl* (blups), old«*t noh 
of John, tbird duke of Rutland, K.G. ( 16&6- 
1779), by ht» nwrriagi; in 1717 with Bridget, 
only daughter and L«tree» of Robert Sutton, 

lord Lexinton [q-v.], wna bom 2 .\uj5, 1731, 
and was educated nt Eton and Trioitr Col- 
It'gt", CnmbriilifH. Hi; trftrelled some tiwo 
on tho 'euutincnt wiUi bin tutor John £wvr 
fu. V,], aAerwnrdf biabup of Uuigur. Id 
1.41 be waa ruturtic-d ly purlinMeul for lh« 
borouijb of Ciranlliaui ; und during the Ja- 
cobito rising four veara later rweivud hififirat 
military commtfeiou, dated 4 Oct. 174-j, Ka 
coEonel of a re^muiit of foot rnisc^d by ths 
Rntlond inlermt at Lt'icvitcr. The ' Lcioe** 
tiT Bhip^'a«it vw rnlli'd, wiut oni-of Btteen 
iihurt-tiurvice retfimniitf* foruif^d on u sclieine 

fpifiosed by the Kuke of Iledfrird, which 
loruce Wolpote d-t'clarea to bavQ bean a 
gross job, B0 Dol tiz out of the (ifloon were 
ever raised (W*lpoi.s, Letttn. i. 3&0). 
liranby's rcigiinent. wiid one of ihc esoep- 
tions, It was in Lichfield cump in November 
17V> when tliH Diikt; of Ciinilx'rland wiw 
marching iin CikrliHle.iiiid, LtndtTl.ii-iit^-nftRt- 
coloncl John Slanwix, wmi wiib Oenural 
Wade at Newcaille-fin-Tjne aud (lalesbead 
iit 1740 (see tf'ar Office Mnrchiiig Sookt, 
174-'M!). Grnnhy wo* then son-ing as • 
volunteer with Cumlwrlaitd'n nrtny. Hia 
name ia mi^nt innrd in nde)i{<Alch in lli" 'l^nn- 
d(in (jBi>lt«' nf^i— '»Miirch I74(], aa having 
littfn pn-HKnt in an atTair with the n-belit at 
StnithlMijrit^. In a letter lo hia father, dated 
Fort Au^ualiui, 17 Jimrt 17)6 <lbe carlieat 
of Oranby'aletlera among the family pnpem), 
be detcribea the devjular,ion of tliebiiihlands 
after Cnllodcn, in nccordnnce wiihtbn<!iikft'n 
direcl.ionii todimtriiy and Ijiirn all threoiinLry 
{HiM. .MA-V. Cumm. I2tb Ilni- jil. v.. Rut- 
land MSS, ii. lltO-7). Granny's n-^iment. 
the men of which bad been fur tome lime 
clamonrlng for di^bnr^a (^1^. pp. 197-9), was 
dtabanded,~:!.'3 Uec. 174^, Qranby retained 
bi^ rank and Heniority as colonel in th« 

On his first appoLnlmonl a now writ had 
biHin isaued, but ha was rtt-t-b'ctwl fivrOrant- 
linni, aud was again ret unhid in the ^neral 
eleetian of 1747. Lutttr-boaha preserved at 
Belvoir Caatle abow that Granby and kis 
brother, Lord Robert .Mannew-Sntton, raada 
thecampsigTiof 1747 with the army in Flan- 
ders. On 31 Sdpt. I7'i0 Oranliv roorriid 
Frances, (.IdestdnUfrhtfir of CharW Seymour, 
sixth diifce of Somi-rwt. Ilora^^e Walpole 
writes to Hann of the marriage projects: 'The 
bride is one of the heirca'ea of old proud 
Someniet. . . . She hiw t.CKHW. a year; hn is 
said to have the SAmi> ar tiresnnt, hut not to 
touch LeiB. HflisindcbtlO.OOOr Th..Iady, 
' who never saw nor knew the valui: of tiui 
shillinfpi white hqr father Iiv»d, nnd bait hod 
no time to learn it . . . K^unndvrt^d 7,000/. in 
all eoiU of baubles sad fnpperivo ' juaC before 



Iwr BtArrU^j 'to her 4,0001. a year is to 
tw Kt uidc fi>r two ie«re tg p«r Ler di-bU. 
Don't yoa lilte thU lingUslt mann^cmcDt 'r 
T"o of the f^-tttvit rortunn* nuitmi;, nml 
nttiiu ool witli poverty KnJ waiit ' ( tfttert, 
u. 229-1). Oranby hm nrlumi-d Ti^r Coai- 
btUlfMhire ui 17'>1, ami rrprc.tMiU-d U in 
■BWnamTB yMJiimenra up toliia dtNkth. Ue 
btota* • Bwiarireiiorat, -I March \'->-i, and 
colonel of toe royal horw fpiards (blura), 
13 May 17<>A. Itc ai)7o«rH to fasTe biren in 
OvRDBoy (imar Ktnbum'i in July M^^^Rep. 
Satland MSS. ii. 200), and in ooramand at 
C^ltn May Ura^ii. p. 201). Holinaob- 
tained tbe nmk of lieutenanr'-geiifral in Fe- 
bruary \7S9, Trasat tka lead of the blui-fl at 
tbo twitle of UindeD. 1 Aug. 1 7*i9, and had 
aet bia r^uDcnt in motion to follow tha re- 
tnatina Fnsicfa whon hi- wa« prrcinptorily 
halt«d by I^ortl (Ironn.- Snckvitli; [■«> Obr- 
ltai5B, TiBaRaE 3Anl^^LI^]. Orinliy nnd 
SackTille did not tc'^ on wl-11 iCK'.'tbtir, but 
Sackrille vaa confident G ranby wautd r«ad il y 
acknowlMlge thai the ohj^^t of the halt waa 
to eanr out Priticc Fi^rdinnnd's orders n* to 
pr«a*mngthea1i^inent< ffUf.yfSS. Cotjim. 
Ml ttcp. pt. iii.) AftpT the battlo Ornnhr 
wu qiecially lliaolitKl by Princ" FiTdinnrid. 
When HarkvitlH rmitiiixl, Hnuiby iH-cainn 
command*>r-in-chief of tile Ilritiiili C'HitiiitfHnt 
CtiHu 14 Aiif;. ir.j9 {lifp. Rutland MSS. it. 
301 >. Tbes:ren^fa of the British troops, after 
thoBirivslortherpinforcenipntaiD liOO, was 
tbirtj*twu thoittand men. In this jxMition 
Qnnby an(uinH] high rvputaiion during the 
anaaing caianai|fn». Mu wa» a gnjat favourite 
wnh Prinei) F«nliBaBd, a cin?iini«iaiicr< whiiith 
Iiiacritirjaitribiiioi) toliia pliant ilv«{>.MiiLon 
•adkanl diioking; but lh« fact remaina thar 
Um troop* tmder his ordera were always 
■wigiiad th« iKffii of dinfTep, ami, with their 
eOM Mn diT. al wa v^pff> v i>d 1 h^imwlvpf w<irt hy 
of iha bonour. At tVarbuiv in Witvlplialia, 
wban Uie Fn-tich wara d^reatcd, with chi! 
loM of fift^^n hundred nen and t<.>u ;ruiis, on 
81 Jiilr 1760, a brilliant char^ of ihoUriush 
heary caralry led byOranby, In the wordaof 
^rinoe Fe id inand, 'contributed extremely to 
tba m c ea ai of tho day.' Ferdinand t«stiljed 
lt> tlm ' iinbii>rhr«i)M>nde Tapftrkeit ' with 
wlu«b Ontnbr'n rorpt c]<ttandod tha woodod 
heiirbis of tVlling^kiiu-n (Kirehdenltftm } on 
IfiJulyirsi.affAiiut th^atlaf^kof ilu.' Frvneh 
under Lte Broglie, and on the morrow against 
tba nnit<!d tJforts of Do Bro^lie and SoubJM, 
who w^rv compelled to r^ireat iti what 
tttmf>dintoaflif[ntt«llie Rhino. UikSlJune 
1762, at rirnTonatcin, wbcro he ci^mmanil«d 
tbe rigbt wing of tlio alliMti at Williolm- 
•tabl oexl day, wlton b« cut qH the Fr<,*nch 
nar^uard, and the 6lite of Ibcir g^en&dit^r« 

laid down tbvir amiA to tbe 6tb foot, Oii« of 
t hf rvt^imtula undar bia orJera ; uu C Aug. 
vf thi? same year, wbeu be fctormed llui 
licigbtii q{ lionibur^', and ao cut o&' tbe 
Fn:ni;b from their hoau nt Frankfort-an- 
Maini:, (Inmby'o ecr^'icce worw na important 
at iL(?y wwt! hriltinnt. llo Irft n sickbed on 
au inclement night during ibc nii;gcof CwmiI, 
t« h«ud the cavalry in bi-IeIii); a |>otiition uf 
importance to the aecurily of ibi? army, di" 
clnr<>d by ihe other gcnerale to be itnprae- 
ticablr. Liffonior TBlliod him plea^ntly in 
a ]>-n«of t Oct. 17>>2on his new cure for 

feTur (lA. ii. arm. 

Aa a diviHii>nnl liMidnrOrnnhy wna unquea> 
lioiiflblvacpIanJidBiildiBr, Hi- wnitbravKtoa 
futilt. ^tilful, gi'nerou^ to pr(>fDi!ti<rit»K,<-ur«fu) 
of hi* (loldier?, and belovetl by them. Wlieu 
thr trc>op*in(ierniiiiij,throii(jhijo fault of bia, 
wercirilKidnnuncTs. be is •talod tobuve pro- 
curiNl provisuinB and ncct-sNirir* for thi' nji-n 
at bii< own Lti^t ; bi^ titbhi wax at ibi* iiatnti 
lime always 0|H!n toih'-nlTici'ra. The lirkiind 
woujidedof allraiikufiiiindin liimacuiistiinl 
friond. in the dayaof hie political powtir bi- 
wnrmty oppowd tbe priucipla of diHmisaing 
military olhcem for tbeir pobticai opinlona. 

Clrnnliv's oixliT-booki in (ierroanv are In 
Ibr Bntii>b MiiMnim (AJd. .IfA". ')imr>5), 
lOjIKtbf'r with a pTEj[KH<al by him to raian a 
regtiucut of light dngootui (Hi. 3l>9U3. f. US). 
The regiment, known as tbe 2lal light dm- 
goons or royal Windsor foreeters, wna raited 
tn the neighbourhand of London early in 1701 . 
Qmnby wa« colonel, and his brother, Lord 
FtobiTl. Manuprf-^iittoti, lieiitennnt-coloiiel 
comiuandinK. It wmk mid lo be tmv of tbn 
llnesi corps in the srrvicH'. It waa di-ibandtid 
at N'otlin^ani, 3 March 176.1 (*"" Surroit, 
Nitltingkam Dale Book), Qranhy, who wa* 
long (Uiigeroiisly ill with fever at Warburg 
dunwg ttin latter part of llffl. returned home 
rarly in 1(«S Hih popularity was then un- 
boiimlL-d. Fos [wie Fox, IIemit, [.ord Hot.- 
LiKD, 1705- 17(4] wrote aitkiiiir hi« pnlitical 
support in October 1763 (ft-/). /ir«f(JIflod.lfS& 
ii. 300), and Bpeoial messengers awaited hta 
return at nil the principal portatooifer him a 
clioic#ofth6ordna«ceorthG horse guards (cf. 
Jrwb, Mittttir' 'iflhj' Rfipi ^ Gtorye III, \, 
14I> 870>. (jranby wiMmade maater-mneiral 
nf The oninant:'!- on I July 1763, and became 
fn-*lftli commAnd^i^in-cluef, 13 Aug. 1706. 
In this position bv was «aTOgolya<aallod three 
yaars later by ' Juniu[i,'wbo dvclarod that bir 
' had degraded tb* office of commandm-in- 
chiof to that ol' a broker in coumiaiions.' Sir 
William Drttpt^r [<]. v.] roi>li«d in a tett«r to 
tlin'Publip A rivnrtiwr,' defi'iiding firanby» 
wbicb proTokvd ' Juniua' (« further attacks. 
As tho object of ' Juoiiu ' was to ovortbtow 




thoGmfton niinbiTj.liv ilniibtlcMtliouKhiit 
neoetHTjrtouseextrupaiai in ilmna^rben- 
putBlion of tbose wlia Mrmi hialnM in public 
otiinion. Adir Orn.uby'8 Jeatk' Junius' de- 
Cl&rad that he bora hiai o€ tll-will— that liis 
(Oranby's) 'mirtrtkes in public conduct dici 
notoriwfriiTnid-nntof iWDlitnent oriiidgtnent, 
but, in jp!iiiTiil, in l!n« ililKrultr ol buying no 
to till! Iwcl 5»"»jil(t wliii mimitindcd him' iih.) 
Wnlpole (pfsis of him rw tiiivin^ *imk (in 
imbbc estiinaiioiil liv dmii^iii^ bift view* itn 
oltea (Lttt^rt, v, i>ii-l(i). Uarly in 1770 
(Ira.nby made a public TeC!^iil.B.ticiii of the 
views bd had iin<vioii«ly expreesed ri the 
Middli'wx wb-ctinn. ntirl di?plared that be 
Mbuiild nl'WRy') Intiiiml bia vnto on Ibnt iicca- 
nifin 114 ihv gTonlt^at. miufni-l ttni< of lii* liti'. 
Sburily afiePwiiriU hi' i^ut «b(iri bi* public 
chX'^er by rMi^ioff all lii>i Hppoitittni-nlii, tbt> 
colonelcy of tbe bluea o.irepted. Hia lattor 
dajiti appear to have been niuch haraaaed by 

Granby whb vanAv VX'. in 1760, liriJ-lipii- 
Ifinnnt of Derbysliitv in 1702, and LL.D. 
Cumbrtd^ In I7flil. Hu died at Sciirbnroiigli, 
nfffoul in tbe stomach, ISOj^i. 1770, nged 4S», 
and wiia biimd at no[tt'sf'>rd, Loicestersbire. 
~i\xi uiiBL>cured d^bla at hie death an> stated 
at :i7fX^I.*Uun(,n4 M-SS. ii, Klfi). By his 
mnrpinpe he lind i«?iip, Jaliii, lord Rom, binm 
on '21 AU{i. I7."il, dii'd in 17()l); Chn.rli>9, 
nftATwarda Mnrqni* of (ininbv und fnurtb 
Thik^ of Rntlnnil: Lord Itobftrt Manner* 
[q. v.), and thrat- dangLwr*. 

Granby was twice painted by Ilcrnolda, 
B-iid <ine of these pOTtrnitB, showinit fiim on 
bonehsck, in now in the National Oallciy. 

[F»t*r't J^JoragB, unJt-r ' Riittaud ' and 
'Somereet;' H. Wiilpolo's Lotttw; P-u-l, Hiet. 
under dnt** ; Bohn"« l*tter» of Junius, rA. bj 
Wndn ; Calnndiir Homn CXfii-n I'jipnra, 1 786-70 ; 
Uiet. M88. Comtn. 12th t. Ri>p.«n Rot- 
Und MSS.; Brit. Mm. Add. JHH. 28Jt5.^, Q. 0. 
in CJemiDDj. 2fl6M ; lMtor» frtiin I^rinco For- 
dinitnd, 328lH-i)ft6 ; rorrwiiKindnncr C^npii*) 
wilh UoIIm, duke of N'nwciistle. and otbur l«>t^ 
Utn; Uoaie Of£ca, MlL l^iitry £uola. and Ord- 
naiK'* Smyinla in Public Itpcord Officr-, The 
onginala of tb<^ S«.folitr}' of titate's ioitruction* 
ta thn Hnrqui* of (intnb^ in OtrraMty nro nt 
Bclvoir, only witriw Piimtig in Ihs Public R*- 
trir>ii>: while ihe oHptinUur thv marquis'* dr»- 
piiichw home an in Ilin Itt-mrtl OBitw (Foruittn 
Offlcp Puprri). Tbr rxt.mrt* priniod hy tbti 
HiK. aiSS. CommiMion ( Rm UnA MSS.) nro from 
tlia copioa nt Biflroir, not from tbo arigiiuila.] 

H. M. C. 

MANNERS. SiH IinniCItT {i. 13M P>. 
conaiahli- nf NnHinin, iit finid lo bnve been 
Mn iif n riTlnin Willmm di- Mannrre who 
died in 134!'. IIk oblnincil n urant cif Innd 
in Berrinirtan. Nortbuuibcrland, in I3^,and 

petitioned limiting for l^nrmnntbon nooauQt 
of bin own und bin fatlifr'a frcnriciM in tho 
Scoiiiah wara in 138!, A curiouit Irttw of 
1333 from the Bishop of Durham t<i ihe cauo- 
cil, referring to his jurisdiction overNortam, 
mentions .Miluih^s as conatablv, and seems 
to innrk nn t-urticr dnir (ban l^o, which is 
u»tmlly RMigntid lo bin appointment. Msd- 
□un wfM u niiigb Ixinlrr noIiIIi't. )I<< waa 
onlpml It) givH lip two licMingMS whom bft 
llkRnlly d«'tainM) in 1333. In 1840 h« WM 
M.P. for Nonbumbtfrland, and in 1311 hn 
aided Lord l.<r»y of \Verk in stopping a raid 
of tbe I'lnrl of Sutherland. In lil'i he WTia 
allowed ImmibaltleKiRlinNorihiimbeirlaiid, 
nnd thiiv lnimd«il tb» mtim-nre of hiit fantilv 
in llitit dixlntrl. Hit Hirniitri'd thi> tnii'it nilu 
David Urupii tin' imtHH ji^or, and wbon tbii 
Scots invaded England, in atttance with the 
French, in 13-lU, be took part in thL> battle 
of NeviJle'e CroM. lU eeeins to bare died 
in 18'^5. as in that ytmr the oiistody of Ktol 
was civen to tlip Li'ilinmn, who were afl«p- 
wiLTrls, in iho inti!rE>Ht of thn hiiir, ftC(Tue«>d 
nf wtwting it. Sir Itotitrt'!! wiv» wirm Mar- 
garet iind a Certain Ado. Tbe ptwligreo is 
differenllvfttntsd. possibly bt'CBUSo of the two 
s(>alj of tW famitv, but it in certain that hifl 
htirwas John Manners, whoWBA bom in 1356. 
PosBibly John wasa grnndann of .Sir Robert. 

Thi- Bc-cood .Silt koiii:itT M uNNEiai (1408- 
14K1| wftfl nrnb-ahly prandsnn of .Sir John 
Mnnncra nnil aTeal-gwat^ffTandnon of tho firrt 
Sir Jtobert. lie wan n jurtiflc of tin- p-'oce for 
Norhamahirf in 14;18, whe-n bL> ancoeedod lo 
tho family property, wa^ sberitT of North- 
umberland in 1454, and M.P. for Northum- 
berland in 1460. He died about I4t)l,[>nd 
■v.■»l^ buried in tb«i church of the Austia 
Fri am, London, He mnrrif'd Johanna, dniigh- 
ter of Sir llobert Uglc, and (istor of Robert) 
(iret lord OgK- [q. v.], nnd \ty hi^, wEo di«d 
in 1188, li'ft four >oiii»: I, Sir Robert Mnn- 
ii«ra,Hh«nir of Northumberland in I'IS3,1465, 
when he wm kuigbtt:d, nnd 1 IS-^, who tnai^ 
ried Eleanor, Jaujihter of Lord Uoos. and eo 
brought that title into tbe .Mnnni-rs famUy ; 
he woa grnndrnthcr of Tliontat Mnnncrs, first 
cfirl of Uutland [q. v.] S.John Mann^TB frf. 
I4S-'). S. Ciilbc-rt .MmmiT»,iir(!lnincrof the 
Karl of Warwick. 4.Tlion]iL%.Manni-n>Qf Htt^ 

IRntnn'ii TJnrlb nnrtiuin.pji. 23 1, iVc. ; Ciil, of 
I»(ic». rolalinR lo Scoilnnii, laO"- I.VO ; Collins'i 
Pet-mCf, «!, Brydtj'uB, vol. \,-. Buj^iBtruru Pulatt- 
num llnnclnicnBe. «d. Hntdy (RuUb Scricn), 
volsiii and IT.; NichoU'n Loi«ort«tithire, ii. 41.) 

W. A. J. A. 

17Sl' I, captain in thn navy.bomftFcb. I7ft8, 
was the second son of John MniinLTf. marquia 
of timnby LQ-^0> ^'^^ grandson of John, third 




dnlu of Rstkod., On IS Maj 177« hi nu 
pconoMd to ho limiteDBntof the Oceno, in 
wkieli bs WW nteaont in ibftKCtioaodn'Mlifttit 
OD 27 July. Un 17 Si^iit. lie iraa moved into 
th» \'icuir}r, fUjialiip or Adtnln] KeppeL uuJ 
no I& Jtilir lT7d iata ihe Aldde. one of the 
■hipswbicli w«ii1 out lo Oibnltiir with Ilod> 
D«T mnA defeated. lh« .Spanish BqunHron olf 
Ca'peyi.Vincieni. <tne !)»<•. 17r9l.(ni! Sninl- 
wich b«i wriltsn of Ijjrd Kiilmrt l<i Hi'iliie.v ; 
'There UADOtltor joiiii|riiMtii>f foilii'iu now 
in yonr «quB(lKm eoiiurrutng u-bnm 1 am 
tornunuA u d«atli. I cacnol do aovihing 
forfaiiBBE liome; lUorefore, if roacoiJdcon- 
trivL- whiU ht^ iviniiio? with you, bjr soir« 
ueuis or oUwr, to cive him rank, ymt will 
ia&Bi%elj6hBmrm {MBViyi.IJffio/Jiodmy, 
i. S07). Koowj ■cconltngly took tbu lint 
opporiunilT, 17 Jan. I7K), to promioTo Man- 
ners To bii'ctt{)tiun nf iJie Riwoluliun, wider 
S(rCliftllraMrUgtr<<l.l>tl6l [q. v.],i:i'hoiii he 
cnwtttiud a commodore. TheKiwoliitioiirQ- 
tamed to England nit hlfejuwtdmirol Itob^rt 
IH|fbf [q.T.], and wiw shortly nftwrwardu ftent 
out lo Aonh Atnerira with K^iar-admiral 
Thomaa (aflerK-ard« I^ml) Grav^a [q. v.] 
Wbon Rodnoj, aftnr bin riait to the ooaxt 01 
North ABM^riea in the aunim<.-r of 1780 [Me 
AaarrttstoT, JlABKiin': ItoDKXT, Gbobbe 
BBTlMBa, Lobd], return^ to th? W«ct 
]jidi«a, he took th« lif^eolulicm with him, 
•liortlr^«r which Opln, harinfr bin>n jiro' 
iBOI«atobe r««r-adminil,w0nt hcmn, lAiiTiti^ 
MaUMn inc"cntii«ndof tho ahip. Th&wholo 
ImaiDem !■ a curiam illuKtnvlian of th« 
crookvd policy of the th«D ^rst lord of the 
•dmirmlly. In the follfiwinjt yeafthe lleaoln- 
tioowrnt norlbwith Sir Samuel (aAorwards 
Lord) Hood [q. v.], and took part in the 
«Clion off Ca^llenry on .'> $«pt. She wai 
■fterwarda with Uo^i at St. Kitt» in Janu- 
ary 17^!^, and in the battle of Ihiujinica, 
Itt Aiiril L iK2, was in thv nnlrv nf ibe Mali; 
tfav third ahip aoUfn of the Fonaidable. In 
tbv ncti'^n MiuuKn r<xvived MTeral aevorv 
wotiada, in addition to bavinfc ono log >faot 
off. From the strntKth of bu constitution 
liopea wen oBtsrtoiaod of hia reoovcT^-. He 
ms put on bond Um Androiauhi? friffatc 
Ibr a pana^ lo England, but •ume dara 
later loiJnaw M-t in, nm) li'rmiiia.ted faUlly 
(BlASt,wttmiliim/ion the I)i*fam« inddntt 
tQ Beamat, p, 47t>l. He ia described w a 
Touop man of irreat pnllantTv and promise. 
Uia portrait by ttejnnlda lias lueen enp^vird. 

[ConmlBioB nad warmnl t:>o»ka in ili» I'lit*- 
lie Baeiud OSm ; Bmtaon'* Navul and Mililary 
Memoire.] J. K. U 

MANTrEBa,K*K)KK.tifthK*iii.OF Iti'T. 
LAJtD i;i(i76-16l2),bomBC>(Tt. irjre.waiswn 
of John, foarth earl of Kiitland, and nephew 

of Kdnrnri], third cnrl [q. v.] Ilismotlu'Twns 
nitfalwth, daughter of Francis Chnrli-tou of 
Apley CbmJh, EUiroiMhire. f U was educated 
for a lime at Queens' CoUi-^e, Cambrjdj^, 
and had a man and a boj' to look afurr hiin. 
On 21 Vtib. lAS7-d he succeeded as filVh Eail 
of Rutland on the doath of his fnilirr, and, 
pMsing through London oii hi» wav t<i I'am- 
l)ridg»,b«badaD intenrtowwiih (Jut^rn P.lixar* 
bvlh, who spoki* kiadlj to him and said that 
'■b« know hia faiher for an bmiMt man.' la 
1090 hi* tutor, John J«gon [q. t.' , r^maved to 
pupils, KutUnd went with him : llurghli^y 
wrote approving of the cbangi?, and al*o of 
his gtking down to Itolvoir for tli« hunting 
esitH'.iR. J»gim toolt ^roat ram* cif hiui, wril- 
injr many li'llunt lo hin inoihiv. On 20 Feb. 
iri9r> hi/l*pcnni« M.A. Burjthtey approved 
of hiatuiikinpa fimiijii lour, thftuRh be n-rota 
that the young earl knew very Utile ahout hia 
twtate, and in St^ptembrr IGlWi be received 
leave lo travel abroad. For bia jrniduioo • 
m&tiiiscript of • Pp>H(*ble In»lnicti(m»'{now 
Harl. MS. ilL^Hft. p. fsi wa* drawn up, which 
wan pnnl)>d,with two similar euays.iu 1633, 
and was thon aaaigned to Robert li^rereux, 
aeeand earl of F)bs&x. Bacon waa more pro- 
hahl; the author (of. Spekdiito, Bwfon, ij. 
•1 aq.) His old tutor Jefpn warned liim 
against the oliaracter of the French. Rut- 
land »«il«d early in IBWifKiml'lymoiith, and 
pftMed hv way of Paris lo Switierland and 
lUly. in North Itnlv he had n danffcroua 
illnoM <cf- Bincii, KiiuiUth, i. 4l'R, li. 36). 
Uo lociac to bare b«-n i'ond of learned men, 
and mot Cavpar Wouir at Zurich {Zurich 
Zftffri, Porlurr Soc, ii, 3l11). On U Feb. 
1697-8 he waa admilt«3 member of Gray's 
luQ. Aa he had aiiui>uoce<l iftou: tima b^ 
fore his intention of joinina; Ewcx in hia 
Irish expedition, bo was mndi' n colonrl of 
fool in 1&99. Eemx kni^blvd him SO Hay 
1I!pU6, but ha posacd only a shuxt time ta 
Ireland, as be waa in England in Jun« I-'iPS, 
in pomrdis^mciiwith the Koun. OnltiJulr 
iriJW, hr WOK intorporatftd M.A. at Oxford. 
H'i>od dimcrild-tibim ad' an eminent IrnTclIor 
and good soldier.' He paaeed a aliort timo 
OR »l^^Yice wiih the Dutch in cotaiwnr witb 
the Karl of Northumb«rlai)cl, ana 14 June 
1600 became cnn«rahlo of Notttngbam Caatle 
and steward of Sliorwood Foreat, On 8 Feb. 
1600-1 he took purl in Faeei's plot, and was 
one of Ihiwe who went captured at Eaaex 
IloiiHi*, Hi» nnrlfi Roger, an old\ant of 
th* i]ii»^n, who hnd three nephews inipli- 
rati'd, lomentpd that they bad ever hccft 
Imm. In the Tower. RuTland soon come to 
bis semwe, wrote very penitently, was ex- 
amined and rated by the council, and waa 




fined 90^00^. ilii foTtuiiea recovered under 
Juiues I, wbo 6l.Byt-il at Balv'vit iii hie ]in>- 
^>:m aouLlivi'iirdK witat:Miug tli« purfiiru)ttiic« 
of Ikii Jcu-sob'b ' Mctnmorpkoaud (jyped«.' 
and niadu Litn a K.U. al liia coroBation. On 
UJunt' hIU3JCuilniul received tliekeepernLip 
of liirkwDiid rnrk, Vockshire, and Chpatone 
Cutlc, Niirlhnnigil.ftiinliirr', and froto Junu to 
Aiigunt ICIO'l was cugii^ed uu u mission (it 
Clirmtiaii IV, kiiiK of Dcninark, to nnweiil 
Mm willi ibu iirili-r tif i!ie Ourler, iiiicl in ra- 
prmt'Qt Jnim^s nt th<.' cbrlsieniiig nf liia hou 
(iTwf. MSS. Cfewim. 7ih Ucp. App. p. 0:^7), 
On JO Siiut. llWIt he became lora-liisuttnaiit 
of IjintoinBliirc. ntid tlic same ypar liigli 
Btcwiril of (iniiit.liiim. In 1009 lio mcdvrd 
■Isii r.liit »lt'vvari!j>lii[i!t (>f I.nng Henninjilon 
aud MHii.tfltdd. IIIh coiiHUt.iir.ioii st'cni* to 
liiiva been woni out prematuruly, nnd hr diud 
on 20 Junt 1U12. Il(> wtis baried at Dolie»- 
ford, Lelci'stcrihiro. Up ib nott-d as bulng 
engfu^pd in two dnela wIipii ths subject at- 
tTKCl«ttl Htlr<nli()ii in \l'A3(Hn'.UM\nii, lincnn, 
xi. ilOO). RutJnnd innrricd. I'.arly in ir>9», 
Blimlwth, dsinfliitriif Sir Pliilip Sidiii-y, wlm 
died wiLlioiit iiwue in liilfi. Tliu tillr [witsi-il 
to a bniiliBr, rranfiis, iixth curl of Kuilanil 
[q, v.] Many of llntlaiitJ'H letters aro prp- 
■«n'i3U at lieivoir. JlaiHi.>ld, and l^on^jlc^Ht. 

[D^ylc't Offidnl UnniinKc; llisl.MSS. Conini. 
Itit lUp. App. p. 4tf, ani Hull. V- !*"■'. 4c., Sd] 

Bop, p. liSli, &c. ; Nip)iii!«'' LfioMilorsliirr. ii. 4B, 

4ft: Sp&iilia^ftBn'^on. Tol. ii.; t'ollin*'* IVrnpi', 
wl. Bi^rtp-t, 1, 473 B().; WooiI'b KMfi Dxtin. *«t. 
Bliss. I. -.(■H, 2SO,3HJ; Sanl'.iiil Mid Tawrmmd'n 
tiroat GuvecDiiig !<Wiilli«H at England -. Cut. of 
ilS^. AL Hdvair (Hint. MSti. Cunim.); Kllcr'M 
Dolroir Onnllo , Ciil. Slntn Fnpan. Dom, Blizn- 
btlli : Cd. of Caniv 31S». 1089-lSOD, pp. 40S. 
43SLEJ««T<la'«R<>t<'t;li.i 2»S; fiovernua'a Lives 
otth- Eiirln fifB»wx.,; NichoU'a 
Piv>Rro*(M iif Jatnr* I, rol. i.] W. A. J. A. 

MANNERS, THOMAS, Unit Eahl of 
RUTUNB (rf. I.Mri), L'UfSt »onof RirOi;nrge 
Hnunf'K, by Anno. (Iau^bt«r af Sir Tbomas 
St. l*-|jpr. His fatln?r Iw-canit? twelftb baron 
Koa of llftinJako in 1497 by lbt>dvatb of tiia 
lUQtbvr, Elt^anfir, cldfst iielcr and cobeireae 
of Edmund, 4'l«vcii»t!i lord Itos of IJainlaki?, 
Tnfrabut.nnd Bnlvoir; ho wnt u dijit.ineuixlu-d 
•oldicr, and was kDigrbtcd by tbo Karl of 
Surrt^y vn lli« Scottitth rxpvoition of 1-197. 
He diud al tUu- aicge of Touruny on 27 Out, 
I&13. Ou if:; June 1&13 Tbonittt l»ud«d nt 
Calais oil tlie t'rvncb exjit-dition. TUt- nanin 
year he bocAine itaron Itoa ou liis fatiii<r'a 
dcintb, and whs tumnioDod in If)!.^ to pari is- 
mcnl. Uo WM at the Field of the Cfoth of 
Gold in }'>'20 and at Ilcnrr ^'TI['B tui-ctinR 
with CliiirK-it V" aftorwonrii, In Dticcmlxr 
ISiJl hti b«(»ui'e Guplxjarer to tlie Icing; la 

January L52:2tic wnsnaadoatewardof Piolttr- 
iii^, Vorktditraj and frum Apnl to Octolwr 
of iLl' aamo year h« held Thu anpoliitiBeDl of 
lard warden of iJil- euat manlioe, in wliicb 
lie was HucceudLMl by Lord I'o^'. He alao 
tecoiTcd the wiirdonahip of ShrtTVood Forrrt 
on li July I-'^'l, an olliutt njjich ancm'ards 
bi:4:/nn[ipniclicnlly hprLniitnry in bin family. 
III? u-nri ap|iointrd K.(.l. nn 1^4 April ir]2ii,and 
on 18 June IGSli Itu was uiadt- l-krl of Kut- 
laniL newB8ufroatf«TOuril«afI!eiiry VIJI 
and had manv grants, ititduding the Kecner- 
libip <if Enfli'ld Chn**.-, wliicii wa« piven nim 
12 July loiiS. On 11 LIct. loSi' Eo landed 
with I ietiry in France; ho wn* ot the corona* 
tion of Anne nnlpyu in Irj.ti^, und tnnk part 
in UiT trial. Riilliind wiw nrlivi-ly faiiigtd 
in Kirpiing ih: tnuililcs of IffiUl (cf. IlUt. 
MSS. 6lli ltt!|). App. p. 446, Ac.) 
He held a joini comraand with lUc Earla of 
lIuntin>;don andShn-wsburi-and marchodUi 
Noit-inphani and lliencp In Newark, South- 
well, and i)i)iic«Mt?r against the Di»rlh«m 
rFWu. Itt'wii* ^U•wn^<lnf many innnajitrrii*, 
nnd from hiw viiricinii nnccMtoni hr had ciainia 
liy way iif fiHindnLion (in reriJiiw of lh« 
luxiKea. IIiTTii't' H'lion th(^ diaaoluiion came 
liH rec<>ivt-d nuiui-roiia ^anla of monastic 
uropvrty. In Lot4!4>9ti>rahirQ hi? obtaiDiNl 
Cbarli'v, Oarradon, and, liT (■xclinngf. Ooi- 
ton; in Yorkshiro, IVwrky, WarlHr, nnd 
HiHi'aulx by i.'SchangB, W'llh KdIjitI Tyr- 
whiL h<i liiok ndviiir, Eagk, and Kymi! in 
].incolnRhin>, and in Vorkabim Xun Bum- 
haw (i?f. NiLlioi*. I^ief^lfrghire. ii. 43). 

Wlit'n Anne of Cleves came lo En^jland, 
Kulland wa^apininlBd her lord cbninberlain, 
and mot litrat Shooter's Mill aner her un- 
fortunntu iru>rt-ii>w with iho king «r Ito- 
nliiisler. In ITiW hn iMTani'! cunntiiblr of 
Xottinpham fust In. Iln wi-nt to thf bordftf 
Bfrain on 7 Au(i. IM'J a* wartU-'ti of th« 
marcbi!B <cf. Stafe l'npfr», v. 211, for his ia- 
slructiona; Hamilton Piipfm, vol. i.) But 
he was FMalled, in conaequenoe of illn*«B, 
in Noveuiber of ihv name year. Kroim 
iWwn.rk-fin-'l'wn(, he wrftt'e «n 7 Nov. lo 
tlie ooiinciL of llip north: ' A« Gndo boat 
know*, 1 iiton in n poyur and fi^byll *«tat.' 
11<! du-d '20 Si-pt. l.*>4». HiA will u priut«d 
in ' ToMwnn:ntn VvtuMa' I ii. 7HM. \Vli*n 
not at Bflvoir, which he repaireii and turned, 
from afortreeftinloodwi-IliiiK-li'iisc, he- seems 
to havt> liui'd at lUl^ old Uiil)i>dirfin0 Eiunn«rj 
of IIolyHull iu Shurvdilch, Lotidon. A por- 
uaii by an unknown artiHl i» at Bolvoir. Ha 
inarrivd.firjt, KlLiaboth, douahtvr of Sir Ro- 
bert Lovol; and m-condlvi KWnor, daufchtcr 
of cjir U'ilUiim Pnaloii. Bylii»iwc(<nd wifu ho 
hail live' ninin and Ax daugUlers. Ilia eldtWt 
VOD) llfUT^, who succeedud him iu tht> title. 






M MpuubJ]* iiolietHl. Hit tbinl too, Hager 
of I fflnffioo, waa a bvnefocUr to Corpus 
Climti Coll«g», Cambridge. A letter mtm 
tbv w<conii Ijidr KiitluM] ezpneaing (luUk» 
ortbeHolyMtii'lof KontbasDMnproMrvnd, 
■nd Bttajr of lb« tiarrii li^lcrt nnt nnnOeA 
IB full or in abalnicc in lli« ' Siaii- Wiiora, 
Hear; >1TI.' Ibu ' l^ttllen iinil Pawn, and 
tlwCUeadarof tku Duhi- or Rutland** manu- 
script a (i/uf. M&S. O/mm. Ii'ifa tti>p.) 

[Lmtum and I'afmra, Ilunn' VIII. cil. I)m<«r 
aail (hiidnCir, pawtni, twpeciaJlj vul. xi.; UuJk- 
•od'b N«TUiqmbc«Ui»l, III. ii. 186; Nicbi>]j>'a 
XdaiAMtaMhiiw^ ii. 43 m(.; Sitntoti nod Tayrn*- 
ead'a UiMt GnnntRg FamilU* of KiucUik!; 
BUtr'a Brli-olr C^il*. pp. IS^j. : NuiuiigliBm 

B«eOTd*.iii.irfl.38i; KnLliiml i'lkprrs.ed.Jndfta 
(OaMd, »oc.).pp. 3u. 124: Wnnihcilpjr'aChrDn. 
(Caml. Soc. |, i. AO, AS ; Tfairo Chaplw* of Su|>- 
prualMi Lottan. td. Wriglit (Camd. doc.), pp. ii, 
9*. CbniD. aila»(C<in»).Soc }. ff. \J. 20. 41. TQ. 
169. 176; Ftoudi!* Hilt of CnaL ili. US{in tlin 
indva ItM fini nod aMABd rwrla niv confiewd) i 
Dojia'a Offlrial Barotia^ ; Borko's Paangv ; 
Taaner'a Km. Monut. Indl«#a.] V. A. J. A. 


il7'W Itf^t, arch bullion of Cuitorburr, b(trii 
4 Feb. 17i5, v:»> fourtti »on of lx>rd Opor^- 
ManDCT»-Sulttiu (</. 17>;>S) and putidw.iii uf 
Jolin, ikunl dukw vf KutUud. HU fiitbvr 
a«uui«d tbe addiiiotial fauriuint' uf Sutloi) 
upon inheriting tbc «etate» of tiid malr-rnul 
ftrandfathcr, Itobcrt Sulloa, baron I^xinton, 
W ibr (Icccaw of bis vidcf bivlbor, Lord llo- 
bcrt Manncn-Suiion, in 17tV. liix motticr 
w«» OIjuw, dwigLti-r of Tlinmas Cbnplin of 
BlanliDeTiii l^ncolnahin;. Hi; urns cduruled 
U tbe Ckvtechouas, uid prooeeded to Eiu- 
nuwwl Collefi«i Cunfaridco. vliere he gra- 
diuUed n.A. 10 1777 ae filloaiilh wraiwW, 
hia voanecT brothtrr, Tbomna Mftnners-Sui- 
tom, lard JJonnerB [o. v.], being at the same 
tinx? fifth wnivin'; ariiroor<:(lrd3!..\. liWI, 
n.IV irOi. In 171^ hi; was nnpninlcil Xn 
tl»e rectory of Averham-willi-Kolfinin in Not- 
tinsliftiiiahire, a fniully livini;, uf which hii« 
Wother was patron, and nlito to that of 
'Vkhwfll ID Uerhyitlui¥, hy hia kiasniAii.thf 
I>ulw of Ttutlond. In 17!ll he became doan 
of rrterborouzli, and in the foUoniug year 
bhbop uf Xnmrirh, luccueding tli« wolU 
known KitltapKoriM). lo 1764 t1if> dwinvry 
of Windmr wu conferrad on him in mm- 
Wfndam. Hi* raaidenee ai Wind»or hrouahi 
him into iciiimaie rt-lnliona with tht* roval 
fiunily. with whom bolh he and lUi wife were 
gnat favoiirit«a. Accordinplv. on the death 
of ArcbbialiopMixirein I'Wi.iieWB*, through 
tb«ir infiupncn, •dnvacc-d to lt»i« primacy. 
kgMJBKI, it i« Mid. ihw will itf Pitt, wliodo- 
Bfned Itie po(t furhiaoldiutur.Ih. Tomliue. 

In 17D7 Tbumiu Juuiw JlalbLta \t\. v.l ih* 
luthor of -The Purauita of Lil«niure,^bftd 
daacribed him as ' a prelate whose amiable 
deniennour, uiefnl learning, and conciUaiinf 
habits of life porticularlr recommend \m 
episcopal clinracliiM'.' 'No man,' hi> added, 
'appeATH to inx Ml pKuliarly markud out for 
lhnliigb«*tdii(i!ityof iti(M'hun'h,»Mfoiv»rtn«/#, 
as Ur. ('barles Manni>rf.>Suttiiii.' Whihilio 
was bisUop of Norwich hia libi'rality nnd tli© 
expeaget of a lar^ family iie*>m to liavu in- 
rolred him in some peouniitry embamsa- 
Rit>n!, biithei^ieart^ il all olf when hebt-TUne 
nrchbiabpp. During lu« iKTiipARcy of (be i 
of CnntirrHiiry lliti (?oiinlry piuiiwiof Addii^ 
t^in van ptirchiiMid (IM)7) mun a fund aecu^l 
mulnitng from tho hjiIi* af tho old palace of J 

As primate Manner»^iitlon tooli an im- 
portant part in that revir&l of <>hareli lif« 
which char»(M«ns«d iLv epocli. He was a 
elminoh (.upporter of th» s»nit\\ but very 
(Lftivrt hano of hifrh chiirehmrn i^f whom 
Joitbviiinnd .1. J. WaIm>ii, 11. H. .\orris, and 
ChnTli>d Dnub'.nv wf^w \hv li-uditig iipiritau 
lie pKsidt'd over thi' &n\ mi-vliiiK which 
i(wi](.-d in thi.* fuundativn uf the National 
Society, and (be spc-.-d^i' &Tid ]irospi'n>ii« Boat- 
ing of that itrt-at »cb>;uie for lb" educativa 
of the poor wa« in no »<li|;lit de^r^ due to 
hia ellLTtc He i;avi.' all thf strouh'th of bis 
support to llic foundation of tli« Lndiui 
e'pi«'Co[Hil« i hu guided nud animated tho ra- 
vivinijf i;ni;iirif3 "f thi- SocJoty for Promottog' 
Cbrisiian Kuvn'l'vd^r, idonUfyin^ liimaclfoa 
luort! tti«n line mtnnurubln iKTira-iiun willi 
tIio«e who strove to uphold tin distinctly 
cburcb cbaracler isou Lift of J). H'iitOTt^i 
Sithiyf tjf QtUvtta,^. l-l-?), and he choAefor 
his chaploina mcD who were in the ran of 
the church moTcment : Itichnrd Mant, after- 
wnrdn binhnp of Down and Connnr; Chria- 
tJiiihtir Wonl it worth, nftprwanlrt maxtrr of 
Trinity Collftrf, ('uuihridirw ; Archdmconi 
C'umbridKe; and Itr, IVOvlv. the hiojfrapber* 
of Archbiabop Sancroft. Hi* serricea lo ibo 
cause, apart Irom his poaition, aroee &am his 
moral and socinl influence nilht^r than from 
hie intrllwtiiol iKtwers, [Ti? wnn of impoflinj 
•ppramiirr, librral almost, to n fnult, vrrr no- 
ci^mibb' nnd nfrnhlr- lo bin idt^r^, nnd exi'in* 
plarv in bin doinrJitic life. 'Si-liltun,' writei 
.\rriidw(rtjn Clinrlon. 'baa any priniulf pr»>^ 
aided ovrtf the EoKli-->b church wbo>e personal 
di|nuty of character cammaaded m) much d^ 
ference from his aulTraKaof. orwho^e position, 
WMaomuch strengthened b}- their concordantj 
tumoTl' (Mfinoir of Jo*hua U^rtttna. i. S&t), 

Yhn archbi>Jiop ni'vtT ipokn in the Hoc 
of Ijordt ejtci>pt upon ••ccUwiniiticjLt aubinet 
He tteadily ojipoaod all conciutKiuii lo the Rf> 




roan ciktliQlic*. but generally volcd in favour 
of tliedatmsoftlicproU'Slant iJi^i![it9r». TI16 
y^ry year of his deoth, vrhea lie was too ill to 
attend Lft pcrfpa, lio gnvu his votv by jiixjxj 
in fuvour of ibc latter, luiii nvpruMcd hit 
eeotunenta t1iruu([li Cliurled Blomfliild, tbcn 
btsbop of ClitfBttr- He di*d at Lutubutli on 
21 July 1828, a.iid was buried -It July ai Ad- 
dington, in a fumilr vmilt wkicti had been 
ooiutmclcd under tbu church hhrtut half n 
jm previously. 

In 177R he mnn-k-H Mivry, iUucl''cr of 
Thomas Thitnit.oti of Hcreyi^mii, Niill.iug- 
li&msUin;, l>y whom, he Imd ti f^imily "f Iwu 
eone tind i<'n duuglitere, The oldur soil, 
Charles Manuiwe-Hucton, ntten«fards Via- 
cotint CanUTbury, is sepnrB.tely TLoticed. 
FranciSr tbD Mvond eon (1 1 8^1828), was a 
colonel ia thu ortny. 

Mamiure-Siitt-on piihliHhcd Iwo BepnnH-c 
seriuniiJi, whicli w«rt! ptiblinhwd respectivoly 
ill liD4 and 1797. 

[l'ri\iil« infcirnintion: AnniiRl Kogtsier, 1828, 
p. its. flftnl. Mng. 18'ie. pt. ii. pi,. 173, 194; 
Oci>rgmiiEr!i^ Churiui:i'»M«t»air«rJuithuB Wai- 
8011.] J. B, O. 

of the HouM of Commotio, iht? ehWr ean »f 
Charlet) Manners-Sutlt'ii [q. v. J, tirchbiehop 
ofOintLTbury, byhiawifu Mary, daughter of 
TbomMThorjlonof Scwvelon.'^'ottin^hwn- 
iihin?, wnM burn tin "iH Jnii. 17^0. He was 
C'daeated «l. F.lon iind Trinity Ciilteps, Cum- 
bridge, whunrftpt fourlli juninrnptimii heprn- 
duat^ B.A. 1802. 3I.A. ISOTi, mid I.ll.D. 
18!J4. Having hert^u ndrailU'd it studtnt of 
Lincoln's Inn on ]0 May 1802, Mounters- 
SuMnn wftii cjilled try the bar on '.) May IHOK, 
and for a fnwyrsirs went tht" weeteraoircnit. 
At the gBnornI (■InMinn in Nov<?mlxir IHOllht' 
waa rfitumod in t.h" toir interest for 8pixr- 
horoufrh, and eontiniitil m rripm9<>nt tliat 
boroiigli in the Hoini- of Comnjons until tho 
dieenbition in Dwember 1833. On I Nov. 
IWW li-l; W88 apjwiiitfd ju'lp«-advoc«t«-K' ■'"-*" 
ml in SponcorPerceval's a<tiiitnt«tr<>lien,aud 
(in thii Mbh cf ttm mma rnonlli wag siponi a 
inembtr of the ph vv counfril ( 7^<iJ.Di (inicMf*, 
1809, pt.ii. p. irrii). IU-o[.pM<>d Ixird Mor- 
pfth's mol ion for an in<| iiiry into tho state of 
iTWlarad OB 4 Feb. Il812, ond' decliiryd that thu 

Erernmisntof Ihat ceunlrv had hten ' det-idy 
ndtpcd ' {Pari. DrHUt, Ux Mr. xxv. 019- 
^ii). Id March l)^t3hi.-bot[iBpakeaud voted 
(urainEt Oration's motion for a committer on 
t£v claim* of tbo Roman catholica (i2. .xxiv. 
1028-35.1076). OnSUApril ISlThcbrouirht 
inhioClerKylicsidinteBill(i\xxxvi.b8 »Ji, 
which ttububKmdutlr hfciiini.i Uw (Ti? f.i«!0. Ill, 
c. M). With tbutit) exception a bb siKniDlm) 

in the house wer«chie8)r confined Losubjoota 
relating to his own L>[lic;i«lduttt.-8. OaS June 
1417 ho was eli-cted i« iho chair of tbi; House 
of Commciu, in t ho placo of Charlea Abbot, 
atlcTward* Baron Colobcwtci [g. r.l by a 
majority of IttS toIwi OA«r C. W.W. Wyiin, 
tha ithxf candidate (1^. xjcxvi. ^MS^M), and 
tbE-reu[Min r«'t|rni"d l-lw oliic'i? of judgiir«d»0- 
cat«-f;eneml. Maiiuer*-tfutt<)ii vram n-islected 
Bpeiiker without o]>iMsitiL)ii iu Jatiuarr 1*^19, 
June 1831, During this period hewss twice 
prwwvd toUkriiihce. i^M{'aDnt^g*aflCCG83i<^I 
til pnwrr in .April M^Hl Mitniirrs-Siitton was 
oflered l.lm ponl. of li'imt- si-crtttiiry, vrhich ho 
dctdiiml 'from liin ftn.-lin^.'a en the cnlbnlic 
quo8tioir(ll»iKEs.i.P0-00),iind in .Mftj 18.13 
he rtifuBodlafTer some hesitation, to undertake 
the formation of n lory muiLttry (CtfoKElL. iL 
16»-7; C!HKviLLE.ii.aii&-9: roHBiSKB.i.40*). 
On W July Ifi."!-,' Manners-Sutton intimotcd 
his -wi^Ii lo ix'tire from tlw chair at the cloae 
of the pnrlinmi'nt, and a viitRof thnnlif In blic 
for hi* »l^rvIr-p« wn» prO]K»i)d by Lord A llhoip 
and sMoniled by (iunlbum and carriwd uuaiu- 
mously [^Pail. iJeluiteii, 3rJ aar, xiv. IWl-O). 
An annuity of -l.OOO/, was nlao grained to 
biro for lite, iind one of 3,U00f. al^er his 
dwthlohia lieir nmle(2&3 Will. IV, c.nsj 
.*Vt lK« gi'tiiTjil eloclion in l)L'Ci>mhi'r INtS 
Mann»:n-Sutloti \vm ri'tnmiil for llm unl- 
vetaitv uf Caitibrid^i with Heniy Houlbum 
[q. vj an a eoUeiiffUH. tlwing to their beai- 
lation to meul the reformed piirliani«nT with 
an inexperienced speaker, the mintslers per- 
suaded Maiiner»-Sutton to postpone his r^ 
tirtiniont. Annoyed at this decision of tba 
u'hig cabin(>l,tlieradic!hti> <ip|inM.<d hi* r«-fll«>o- 
lion 10 the cbnir at lh>i min'tiiijr of th» nvw 

SPirltainent cm 2H Jan. l>iS,1. Tbiur caiidi- 
ute, Edward .John I.ittletan, anttrwarda 
liord Hatherton ~j.\. v.], was di-fwited by a 
majority of iJlO. and Manner*-SuUon was 
Iberwupon olcctud unanimouslv (I'arl. H«- 
batia, ftrd eer. xv. M5-Sa). lie wax made 
fl.C.B. on 4 S<>pl. IS-'Cl, fts ' a r.-wftrd for hia 
nnnduct during thn «i-«»ion, in whtpli ho haa 
done tfovommcnt good nnd hnndnoms ser- 
vico' {Ormille .Vcmnir*, pt. i, vol.iii. p. 30), 
and at the gcnc^ral «lAclion in January 1836 
Le was agnlu returnvd for the univ«r*itj 
of UanibnitRL'. (>n tho opening of {lerlia- 
ment on Ut Feb. 181(5 his re-election waa 
oppo' by thii whig*, who complaini^d bit- 
turly of hi« parti«nnflhip outside the hou«e. 
Though Moiincrs-Suttoncffwituollydiaprored 
tbu chnr^.f whiob hrtd l>v<-n brought agiunat 
hini, niinic]y> 1 1 "l that hvini; speaker tie had 
bueied himself in the »ubver*ion of the lato 
gnvemmeut, (2) that he had assisted with 
Others in the formation of the new goT«ni- 





nwnt. And (3) thtit be ii«d «ouii»i!l]<><l and 
ft<lnwd the Ul« djesolillion of parlinmcni, 
bia <Rniooi>ol, J«m«« AhtKTonihy, kflcrvivrdii 
Lord [Hinfermlme [q, 7.], wm pI^eH^d npfdkcr 
by s nwjorilv of fm rofam (JWt JJcbale-t, 
8r1 eer. xxtn'. .V6l). M»iicci»-Sutton was 
erMtod Buon Soltrsfoid of BoHMTord, 
IjoicwTirrhirr. nnd ^'ltM;olmt L'onl>:>rbury on 
10 9£«<ch l>fy>, itnd took liU «^nt in tho 
Houte of Lfird* for the fint Iium on 8 April 
folWmiiR (Jvumalt «/ thr Uoiaf of lMrd», 
Ixrii. 9lS-\). He wu selected to fill the 
office of lii^ oomniiMioiwrforidjiifting the 
daime of CAnndti on 18 Man:U \^^>, bul 
ehonly iftcrw-ftrdu r>:si|nn-d llm ut>p<iiiilintrut 
on cccount of !u» wife's hcaltli {Orcville 
ATcMMrfipt. i.vol. iii.]>. 2^). lleuulvapoke 
niiut tinea in tbe IIuusk of Lords. ^^ bile 
tniT«lling on tba Qnot Weal«m railwny hi.- 
WW scixM wUI) an apoplectic Bt, ot)d diod 
At the roeidence of hif> vonngrr ma in Boutli- 
widrOreetxiit, 1 1'vilc Park. London, on^ 1 Jiily 
1645,UDd6&. f Ii- wn« buriril nt Addin^loii 
00 th« 2kti of the Mmu nioiitli. 

Tbonsh DOt n innn of e.ay renwkabla 
sbilitj/MAiinnn-Suiton waa a di);Dt9ed &nd 
impirtud apeaker. Durlnii Ilia fpiMtlicrship 
be ibrice exeiciaed his right <a speak incom- 
niitlMt of th« irholo hou.ic— on 20 March 
IS'il he spoke on the Romnn Colliolic DiA- 
abilitj Removal Bill (Par/. ?Wvnfr*, 2nd iwr. 
It. 14ni-4», and'initMn)' Ih^rtand on 2 July 
Itmt on the bill for aduiittiuji iIiAsenten to 
thw uniteniliea (ib. 2nd i«r. xiiL 434-<j, itrd 
aer. xxiT. lOfta-,-!). While he waa in clEco 
the houMB of parliament were daatrojred by 
Are ^16 Oct. l^tSJI. and his firqiw-nt com- 
inanicatioDt with Ui? Ifine »» tliiit ftibji^t 
nvshseto iIm rumour that fan wH«i:iid(»vout- 
mg to efliwt tbeorerthniw of the whig 
nec Ho waa elected a beneber of Lincoln's 
Inn on June 1817, and h*W the poslof regia- 
inr of the faculty olBco from M*-J~ to \^:ii. 

II«> married first, on 8 Julv 1811, I.iicy 
Jlaiia Charlotte, eldest daustitcr of John 
DOBieoii of Uaeinj^n, Nuttine-liaintihir", bv 
wiuna he had two rans, vie., t-harli-a John, 
who, bom on 17 Ajiril IHltJ, micciiodi'Ll aa 
•aeond Viicount Cantcrhary, and died iiu- 
manied on 13 Not. ]Htt<>. and John Henry 
TlMOWtilhlrd viscount Cantt^rburyTq. v.], and 
<m 19 Feb. lW(.t. Ki^hord Handwann *if Bi-I- 
■nve Sqnnre, Ijindon, .M.I*, fur C'oIcIj"'j'l'"r. 
HJ« Srtt wifo Au-d na 7 Dec. I>*l>'i, aTid on 
tht. IfiH^ ho roarriod, ^Ktondlr, Fll^n, 
widow of John Hum'-Puni* ai Purvoa, 
N.B., a daughti'rof luimund Power of Cur- 
ngbeen, eo. Waterford, by whom he had one 
^Ugbter, (VanoM Diana, who became the 
wifoof the Ilon.Delaval Loftiia Aatley,aner- 

wardathird UaroD AstLer(8 Aug. l£4e),aiid 
died on 2 June 1874. Hij! widow siinrivi>d 
him but B few motithi>. and dying «t Clifton, 
lj|oncvi8t«>r>>bin\(>ii UiNov. tts4f>,a){od54,was 
biiriod in tin- rryjji nf f'lifloji ("'huruli, A pop- 
tmit orMtiiini-nt-Sution «is speaker by 11. W. 
Pickt-raiiiU biiloiigB tu Lord Canlerburj-. It 
wait enji^ved tu 1^35 bv Samuel Couaina. 
Thdre- is also an. eugntvmg of biui by Hall 
after Chalon. 

(Grctillc U<-moiri^ 1874, pt. i. rfrla. ii. aod iii. ; 
Jtmrnal nf Thoinna lUilf*, iS.^ii.vola. i. nnd ii. ; 
Carr«spoDdi)nr« nnd UiarivE of J. W. Croker, 
1881. 1. l2i-2, ii. lfl»-7. ZOO. jm: Sir D. Lo 
Miirchiiai'i" Mumoir uf ViucoiitJt Aliliorp. 187B, 

tp. 4tlf-Ao. fi;ifl-U: TnmatDL's Lifanf Lord Mel- 
ourtic. 1878. i. 448, ii 71-93; Walpolo'a Uirt. 
of Eagkud. ii, 57. e7fl 7. i>i. 136-40. 387-6, 

414-16; MMHiin^'ti Litft orcl><< !^|iNkkBra of tbs 
Hnnne uf L!om"!ioQ«, ISfil, pp. 49t-S; Annual 
HogiBt«r, l»46,App. Ill rhron, pp. 290-2; Gent. 
Mnu. 18t.Vpi, li.pp 80.i-(Ii John Bull. 26 July 
1S45: TiniFS. :i'J July IH411: Cambridge Iod»- 
pvudrnt. 2a Julr 1844; Bnrke'a F«snig». ISSO, 

S3.;A; Dnrlo'.i Ofneial Baronsiti!. IftSft, i. Sl(; 
nd.Cnaiabr. 185S. pp.3;6,440i Lincols'a Iim 
RoifieLers.] O. F. B. B. 

TIHiMAS. ibird Viscor-n Castbbbckt 
(lS14-18r7>, the younger son of Charlea 
Mannera-SuttoD. first viscount Canterbury 
fq. r.], by his first wife. Lucy Maria Char- 
lotte, eldest daughter of J0I1& Deuiaon of 
ll)«in^on, NottinghamKbiru, waa buni in 
Downing Slrfi'l, l.<jHd<)u, on 27 Mst 1^14, 
Iltt wai t^iimtwl at Eton and Trimly Col- 
lege. Cambridgw, wboru be gradualfd MA. 
in 1S35. He waa admitted a student of 
Lincoln's Inn on LS Sept. 18:55, but waa 
never cnlk<d to the bar, and took bis name 
oft" till! Ijooki? of l!ii>»fK-iylyon2f> Nov. 1*53. 
Tn SiTjitamUir IHJlij ]i<i diifi^atod Tliomaa 
Milui-f Oiliwiu at a hy-i'lection for ilio 
borough of Cambridge, bul. wa« aubaequontly 
unsealed for hrihery iJc/ttrttnU of (Me Souteiif 
CoTniHCTif, xW. l.''3;t-41. Atthegenerul eieo- 
linii in JiDio 18-11 he was H^in returned for 
Cum bridgij, and on 25 Aug. following; *poko 
fur clii> lint Time in the Houae of Coramona 
[PiirL Dfhatni, .Srd ser. liz. 31«-1~). On 
the formation of Sir Robert Pi?*;!'* ai-cond 
od ministration in September 18J1, ManntTs- 
Sutlon was appointed undor-soeretary for 
th" hfimc depnrtment, but he look little part 
in tbo pnrliiimentarydebntee. He retii^ed 
ofRwi upon Kir liobert Peel's overthrow in 
Junn I&IH, and toning bio aeat forCAmbndge 
at the ^nernl clcpiion in Aiigunt 1M7, did 
not again i-nter thv Houita of Commona. In 
1861 he publiihed the 'Lexington Papui' 
(London, 8vo), which bad btn^n diacovered 
at Kelban, Xottingbantsbtre, in the library 




of hlnmuxin, Jcilin Henry Msmiers-SiUton, 
M.P. for Newark. On l' July Irt.Vi lie wn» 
wick, B past whicli hemUinwl unlit (Jctobi^r 
1861, wben he wan fuccwAvA by Sir A. fl. 
OoTdon. Up Ixwimn gnvirinir of Trinidad 
on S4 Jiitw 1WI4, mid (in lU Mtiy IWMI waa 

fnniuMtw! t.ji!pf*i ataoxt^ruor of Vieioria. 
[i! iiiw rri'iiti'd It K.C.U. 011 :;3 June follow- 
iu(f, and ftiiimn-'d the oltiep of govymcr on 
16 Aug:. ISOe. On the tleiitli of his elrlw 
brother, ChArle<s John Mannprs-Siilton, in 
KoTember IS^iit, he aiiccoeiliMi us tliinl viiw 
count UsintJi'rliiiry. 11" ruBifwed liis iiosi of 
governor iif Victoria,, wheru he was very 
nnpiilnr, iTi Miipdi lN73, ofid returning !•> 
EnpliiKd tonk his Bent in the' Houst- of Lords 
for thu tirat time on 38 April following 
(Jaumalt of tht Himse of Lord*, ev, 1'70). 
In iWay IS73 he gpoke in tlie dnhittfl on I.Iib 
eecond wiuiing of the AuBlrnlmii Coloniei* 
(CiMtoniB Dutii-a) Bill, snd in July 1P174 
xoft.iXf' snmft obeorvotionB on tht* cession of ibt* 
Fiji islands {Pari. Itebatta, 3rd ser. cpxv. 
atXMi-^, OCXS. 1341, a.-xxi. :87-», 18!>), but. 
took no other part in the debates of tlio 
House of l>jrde. He wa* created n knight 
jtraiid ctoBSflf St.. MichA^I and St. lieorjzi^ oa 
26 June 1873. He died in tJoeiL-nsbcrry 
Place, London, ou S3 ,ri»oe 1S77, nffed fi3. 

lie Qiarried, on 5 JuW 1S38, Ge-orjtinno, 
^UTigtrt dnuglit«r of Clmrlus Tompaon of 
Witchinghum Hall, Norfolk, ly ■wliom ha 
lljid five sous — viz, (1) Henry CUarles, the 
fourlL and prt-sent Tmouiil Caiilerbury; 
(dj Uruhum Edward Ueury, who diftd 
30 llav IHiW; (») liegrec Kctt llcnn'.who 
died 1' March 1B6'> ; (4) John Gurnt-y fl'inry, 
nnd (6) Itodcrt Henry, who wmi cull&d to 
the bar ut the Inner Tcmpk- ou 7 May ia79— 
nnd two diiiight.i'rn, vis. (1) Aiinit Maria 
(li^oreinnn, who uinrricd, on 3S Au^. li^b, 
ChnrTiMt I-klward llrl»:!it, C.M.Q., of TorroJi, 
Anatmlia, and (-) Mabel Goorginnii. Ilio 
irldow \b still livinc. Ilu sucoi-t'dud hi* fatLer 
na refristruT of the fnculty ofBcc- in IMi, and 
rotalncd thot opp ointment until bin douth. 

(Annml Roginror, I877-pt.ii. p. HB; Illili^ 
tr*|jd Ixindon NflWi, 3(1 Jntio und 7 July 1877 
(with ptiptrait): I'oil'B Focmso, &f„ 1*177. pp. 
177-8; Bu^-k-V Ullii'ial Lni'ouiige, isafl, i. 31(1- 
ai"; Burkfl's PcnnMfp.&c IfiOO. p. 23u; Hi«ton> 
Atwlrdian Diclinniiry of Diitw. Ifl79, p. S3; 
Lincoln's Inn Itciriirerfii Offliibl lictum. of Lists 
of Mnmlwn of ParLinoLvnl, pi, ti, pp. 364, 371* ; 
Orid. Ciintubr, I8(e, p, 397; Stnpylton'e t^lcn 
Sehord Lint*. 18G4. pp. 137, IS-I ; Ha^dn't Book 
of Dipiitis* 1800.] O. F. E. B. 

Bauds M*n,vi;I« ('I7'3rt-1&42), lord rhiin- 
nllor of Irelaod, flflh iod of Ijord George 

Manners-Siitten by Ilia firal wifi^, lliana, 
dflii^hicr of Thoma* fhaplin of Blaiikney, 
Lincolnshire, and {jnrndsoii of John Manners, 
third duke of Rutland, vra« bom on 24 Feb. 
17riii. Glmrlc« Mannen-SuttoD [<i.v.].apch- 
liniirt]! of Oiinlrrhury, wm hix elJlcr brother. 
On Ihi- dfjiih III' Ijin'iinrti', Lord Uobert Htit* 
ton, in 17(i2. thi; Mlntt-^ of liii: crn-nl -grand- 
father, Robert SmtQU, lord I^txinton [ij. t.], 
devolfod on his father, wlia tlifretipnii as- 
sumed the uddilional surname of Sutton. 
TlmniBS IVH8 educated at thu Ciiart ^rhouie 
niid iLiuuinnuel Ciillep", Uambridcv, where, 
ns lifth wrangler, b" gmdiwti'd H.A. 1777, 
M.A. 17»0. He wiw iidmittnil a utiident of 
Lincoln's Inn on 10 Nov. 177.'!, und vtiM 
culled to tht* bar on 18 Sav. 17W). Up (fr«- 
dually obtained a cansiderabU>pre<^ticeini)iB 
court of chBnci'ry,Bnd at the ^^i.'ml election 
in Mayl71*fiwM returned to the House of 
CommonB fur ibe borouf^h of Newark-upon- 
Trent, for wUieb ho continued to sit until 
Fehriinry IfeUo, In July I7il7 ho waj Ap- 
pointed a WeLthjiidj^, and in 1800 Ixtfarae ft 
king's counsel, and reoeived the appointment 
of Bolieitor-ffeneral to tbi> Princaof Wale*. 
In Fehnury and March 1802 he unBucoe«#- 
fully nrgiid the rlAim« of the prine* to th« 
Ti-veonr* of thn duchy of Cornwall i Pari, 

•ippointi'd soliciior-trcneral in Addingloa's 
ndtiiiniEtrntion on 1 1 Mnv 1H02, ondrecoiTod 
the hotioiir of kuiyhlhood on the 19th of th« 
^ame mouth. Though no loueuriu hia m.-r- 
vice, Manners-Sutton addrysBudlbc House »f 
Commons on behalf of the I'riiiw of Wales 
during tho debate on tht) hintt'' uieeeaffe in 
February H<08 (lA. xxxvx. U02-ii). Ho took 

E[Lrt In Xht! prosecution of Kdnard Marcus 
Ifsiinrd for hich troneon, efJoauFcUij^r for 
libi)lliiig Nti|itiii'fin Buonnpiirtc, and of Wil- 
liam €i>bl>elt foriiliwlling tlK-lrird-tii-utfinant 
of Ireland (Howki.l, Staf'^ Trials, s.wiii. 
34r.^28, 6^^-020, Axix. 1^^41. Manners- 
Hutton »iiccocded Hir Deauinont llolham 
[q, v.] iiA a baron of the exchcouor, and 
having hern called to the degree oi scnooct- 
nl-Iftw took Ilia seal on the bunch on 4 Feb. 
1805. I 111 20 April !ftf)7 he wiw crtjntod 
Baron Mauni^rs ol KoMlon.LincolnMhin', nnd 
twu diiys ttfterwanU wa.s sworn a mi-iuher 
of the privy council. On tbe 23rd he was 
nnpointcd lord chancellor of Ireknd in the 
place of f ieorjfe Ponsonbjr, and on the ?4tU 
took hid soHt in tho Hoiunf of Tjords for ths 
firnt lime (JnvmaU nf thi' Hotijwo/ l/ord», 
xlvi. \it\), Msnnem wna n staunch ^roKw 
lant, and wnn greatly inHiiHnotid in hia con- 
duct by William Saurin, who cordially d^ 
tested the Roman catbolioa. The case of 
Patrick O'HanloQ, who vu remoired ftovt 






tlM twDcb of muistntes liv MKuners for 
wppACtiii^ ill** r«toolic cUims, wa« briiiifjlit 
boR>R tb<- I]uu«v of Comnioiu on UlJuna 
X816 ( Par!. Dfiat**, I « •(.r. xxxW. 1 ItW-" ; 

mert . , . vn allrtjiftl partial rj-nv-itt o/" Att~ 
tjitirity hf Au L<fni*Ai}>, Sic. Dublin lI^I'L 
8ti>>. Ttie conlrovcrrrU.'twf'vnMaiiuuraftnii 
Lord CIoDCUiTj will bo found iu deUil iatli^ 

* Pttnoiasl RcooUedtons or Lord Cloncurry,' 
1840 (pp. im-eO). In 1930 Mai>u(<r« to»k 
a Bomeirlui a«iv« paxt ia the prDc««ding« 
agatnal (jumr Cuultae, and both cpokc nnd 
T<il«d in brour of tLo sooond rvnding uf tUe 
Bill of Puins and Punalue*. tbc argumcuU 
in iBppon of wbtdi ' tin ooosidvnd to be 
imoistiblc ' ( Pari. i>^te, 2ad Kr. iL W7- 
see, HL 7.V.-0, e^Jl-2, 1M&-9, 1308). Hi* 
prMoare at ibi- t>nuif[e dinner eivea br tbc 
Dublin l)e«btettk Hub in 1833, wbcn tbe 
lotnd-Iieulenuil'a healcb«'>iidr\iak in solumu 
«fefkce.|{nTei;natoff(incv lo Lord WoUiwltiy, 
but cbu quarrel wu ultimat«lT mtch»d up 
(LoiLP CobCRSnES, lHary, iii.ii4; andUM 
I>Cr««»rBc(:Kn«iH*lI. Mrmiiirn-/lhe Court 
t^ Otoryt IF, i. 42a-a.*i. 44:()- After bold- 
ing ofioe (or Ew«Dly yean Mbiiiictb sont in 
fan munatioD and sat for the Inst limo in 
tba Iriui court of chancfry on 31 Jiil;rl627. 

Od d June li^2r< ManiK-n mHibe in ihe 
nniu(< of Lordaaotb«M)ly«ctof ibocatliolic 
cUim<i. and dectand that it waa ImpoaMble 

* to g^anc the catholic* the concMeious thev ' 
■ought, and to aflbrd any proteciion to the 
^rtuliafavd rdbrmed char^ of Ireland in 
Ifaa jBwnt temperof thv Iriih nntinn ' l Pttrl. 
Dtdatt*. Snd ■«. xix. 1170). Hi- vn(<-d 
aninac the aeeond reading nt the Roman 
dtholir- Itelivf Bill on 4 April 1H29 {iV>. xxi. 
3S6), and two dar* aftwrwards twike in 
&Toar of itui Qualification of Freeholders 
{Inland) BUI, which be looked upon ' as nn 
Mt of Jajtiice, aud one which would cunfiT 
eon«id«rable heDeifit upon a great portion of 
tli« funy-^hillingfrsaboMentheniwtii'rt'tiV'. 
tiS-IA). Mnnnvr* doiw not apiwiir (o liave 
apokaa in tho Ilouitnaf Lords alti^t Ihitpass- 
ingof tba KaKmrb Bill. He di«d in Brook 
SOMl, London, on 31 31ay 184l', r^ m, 
SJid wa« buried at Kelham, ^ottiDgluun- 

Uannns was a dignifiwi and court«oiu 
jndge. Ilia iudgmanta, many of whiclt ar« 
neoid^d in tno nqnrta of Bait and Buiitiy 
(I8I3-S4t and BwiltT (I**'), do not curry 
gTMl woight, nutwitfiataadinfT the usertion 
of Joy, the Iriah atlomey-generel, that out 
of hi* 4,469 Iriah deeisioni * only founeen 
haT« been rev&rted and wren vari«d in aome 
particuUt*' (U'KL4XAr.A![, ii. 370). 

(/CoumU deebued that *b« vai a bad 

lawyer, but be wa« the tnoat neniiibli^loolcing 
man talking nonacnM b« ev«r mw ' i RrniLE, 

Hi»t«ry of the tord Vhanctihr* of IreJaad, 
[>. 'JOS) ; and diiriiijribedtiljatcou lUi- clioJce 
of a apeftker in tho liouM of Cvmmoiu on 
tSIJan. I93Sdrewanio«t uaflatlenng akotcb 
of the lord cbancetlor't tAtwtiParl. IMatOt 
3rd KT. XT. &5-4I). While in Dublin he 
lived at 51 Stephen*! Unwa Ba*t, wboro be 
kept great stntc, nnd wu ' prwodi.-d by hia 
ten vcrvftuts walklugtwo oiid two' when be 
wtiut to diurcb on a SuntUty (O'FLAKaoax, 
ii. 3«:n. 

Alnaiiera Kfive l>ady Mon^an hnr Brst 
IcBson in eaJad- making, but whoti be dia- 
oovercd the emancipating tendency of her 
navel 'O'Donntil' ho ordered tho book "to bo 
biimt*(wp)(«lAdv Mortfiin)'ia thcit«rvaittii' 
hall. nnd then snid tD l<a<ly Manneni Twho 
told it to niy nialtr), " Ji-uny, I wiali I hud 
iifji (-ivfn her the secret uf my lujitil." Kver 
aiW he only hawed to lue whvik we met at 
court, never spake to me' (.I/crimV*, 1^33, U. 

llo marriod, ftnt, on 4 Nov. 1903, Anne, 
daughter wf Sir Jt»i-ph Coplev of Sjirot- 
lioroLigh, Yorlt!>hir<?, liitrt,, by whom In^ liad 
no iaitue. Ahe died rttry Nii<ltlnuly at 
Tbomoa'* Hotel, Derkelrv 8iiiian?, on&Aug. 
1814, and on 28 Oct, ISIA he married, 
aecondly, the Hon. Jane Butler, daughter 
of Jamea, ninth baron Cahir, and sister of 
Uichanl. first earl of UlenfiBll, by whom he 
hod an only aon. John Thomaa, who aiio 
cw'dcd him na f^veonil Ban>n Mannen. IIU 
widiiw diid nt Funilinm llnll. Buiy St. Ed- 
niuiid*. on 2 No». 1>*4'I. agird (17. The jib** 
JwoL p««r ia a graud«oa of the firtt baron. 
MaiiEiers wma for aome yeara cliu recorder of 
GraDthnm. He wan elected a bencher of 
Lincoln'^ Inn on 10 July I80(), hut retired 
from the eociety in February IWu,npoti hia 
elevaii«in to thv judicial twrncJi. Tliero is 
nn <ingmring of Moiinura by Cardon alWr 

rO'FlaDHSan'a Lit** of ibo Lord Chancallora 
of IrrlHod, 18;9. ii. 3Aa-7S: Barbe'a I>tnlChan> 
cullors \4 IrcUaJ. 1879, pji. I0;-2(H : Shuil's 
gikcUhM of U)* Iriah Bar, 1850, ii. 173-91; 
Poea'a JodgM «f Eogjaiid. 1861. \\i\. 371-3; 
Psrk*r'« Sir Rob««t PmI, I8U1, pp. l«e, 314. 
40(1; Diary and CiirretpoDdenca ef Charlee 
Abbot. Lord Coithaitet. IHSl. iii.Stl. lU. 4SS. 
MS : OaoTgian Kn. 1931, ii. 323 ; Qvax. Miif . 
IMS. it 202. 0T7 ; Anmisl RagiMar. 1M2. App. 
toChron. p. ?70: Ilurko'* Pccrafre. 1891. pp. 91 S. 
I lOT : (Irwi. Cttntabr. 1 823, p. M>& ; LiiH-nla'a Ian 
lE«lIiit«ia; Uncial Kntura of Livt* of Ueiuliem of 
l*ar]i«iiMiit, pt. ii. [ip. JO,^, tiO; llnydn't Itunlt 
of DignittM, 1690; Kotm nD>l Qu«tim, 7tli *er. 
sii. 3BS, 4M, 8tb mt. i. 36.] 0. P. R. B. 

MANHIN, JA3IES (4. 17701, flower- 
piintsTi woHit nutiveof X-'ruuc«. Hh settled 
in Dublin, wliare lio pmcti«(d as a Uowor- 
piuntur, and ubtaiaod siicli dietinction in hie 
arimmoDiul compoHiii'ins llint in 171<ih<i vriw 
oppoiiitod to the otUcn q( lun-itur in ihv cldiia 
of oraEiin<?n1 and tli.ttcr-|"iiii(ini|; in ihr nnwly 
established ilrnwiii^' ncftdiMiiv <>t' tin- Dublin 
Society in fiiiiivvV ('iiiiri,, Dublin. Mmiyar- 
tints whfi mtaiaeid difcCinctioii 
wen- Lin tiiiiitln. Manniit vaa a cantnbulor 
to tli« exuiliitiiin« uf ttio Softety of .'Vrtittls 
mlreUndin irSliandother jeArn. Il^diod 
in Dublin in l"7f*. 

[B«dgruv«'i) Di>-t. of Artisbi; pMouln'sArUetit 
of Ireland; Qilb«rt's Hist, of Dublin, ii. 301.1 

L. C. 


\!ri^2), cardi (idl-pr ieftt, youngest non of Wil- 

llEim Miiiiiiiii^, Wl'sI ludin merchant, of Bil- 

litar Siiiiuri*, l.omion, hy hi* Kecond wife. 

Mftry, aaiiffliter of Fli^nry h-nny Hiniter of 

Bi«cb Hall, near Itcjidiiig, Berksliiri.% wiw 

born at his faihcr'M ccmiilry litwait, Copin^d 

Hull, Toltcridgfj, lio.rtf()r(l8fiir«, on }'r July 

1808, On t.h'i ftitlier'f. sids ho was probably 

doscandwi from ii family settled in Jamaica 

in thii tinieflf Clmrles II ; his mother's family 

In suid |4 have buen of Italian I'liraclion, 

Hunter liem^ & translinion r>f llit) Itnlinii 

nam« Veiinlnre. Tlia falliur. who rande nnd 

lost a. cursidiTiihle* fortune. hhI m paritaiitvnt 

inthetoryiiitBrtjst frura I7iil to ]»30, and in 

1812-13 wiw gui-eFQOf of the Bank of Eng- 

Uind. In 181.^ ho n'^moTed from Cop[it>d Hall 

W Coomh« Bank, SundTidgu, Kunt. 'rhare 

Mtuuiini; mnd« friends with Clinrles and 

CUriatopher Wordsworth [q.v,], nfu^rwards 

bishops of St. Andrews and Lini^olu rtjspt'c- 

tively, wiioie iatlicr, the K*v. nbristojiliBr 

Wordsworth [<]. v.], brothiT of WilliHtn 

Wordswcirthtlieptiiit., and afterwards maator 

«f Trinity CoUefp, Cnmbridj;^, held tho 

rectory of Sundridfre from ISI6 1* 1830. 

Mantiin); fgllow^i Chnrlo* Wordsworth to 

Htirrow ID 1822, and thpncri t<> Oxford, wlwro 

hv miitriculaleii on 'J -Vpril ISi'", ontoring 

Bnlliol Collo(fe. Ho broxiylit with iioi the 

rtipulatiou of an atbli}t« and BporMman ; he 

waa a bold ridor nnd a akilful onnman, had 

played in aioro tliin one eleven at l^ord'a, 

snd hod kill[4 n harL- with bl« fint shot, l^ut 

bod not greatly distiu^'uishod himself as n 

Bcholar. A certain airuf authority had piinoi 

tim llii; »obri[|uot of 'Thu Gcnorat.'and lit; is 

enid to ham been indin<;d tn dukinatidc on 

roatttra of which hi: Icncw or notlunjc 

(cT. Sm FitiStiiB lUbTifios DorLB, Jiemt- 

tiurtfUTK, p, 105)p 

Manfiing'spri vale tutor woaCharlea Word* 

worth, and omoair bia fidlow-pupils were Mr. 
OladnLiHii! and Jiimri* l£iiht'n Hope, afW- 
wanU lI>i]nr-.Sciit.t ' ij. v.j, with both of wliom 
bo foruiud enduring f[iundtihi]is. Ho naA 
ban), and took n lir^t cIjlm in lite cIoMicnl 
schools in Mi«ha«lma» term 18l'U>. Ho also 
nnqiiirt^d some knowledge of Ii«lia.ii — in tia 
sharing timi^.itifi raid — but, liko Newman, h» 
reuijuni»l ciitirL'ly iKnumnt of Oermun. H* 
waa one of thp n.'adi'cot nnd cfiective of 
the epeokera at tht Uni'tn, of which he wu 
prwiaenl in Michaelma.« lurm Ift:i9, tbe term 
of tbe historic debate (26 Not.) with the 
Citnibrid(!B men oo the campju-aii>v miirits 
of Rvron nnd Shelley as poets. wli«-n Im 
Ibft iKc cliuir to siistaiD the cauae of Dvron. 
Nearly half a (wnliir)- Inter (£2 Oct. 1873) 
be spiikK at tliH banquvt givmi 'm ooauaemo- 
ration of tbe fuiiniliitton of tlie ■ooie^ at 
tlie Oxford Corn Kxchanffe. 

Monnine'a natural brrit was lowitnU poli- 
tical life ; but a parliamenlary care«r binn^, 
in (.'i>n8e(|i]i:'DCe of Iiis father's [oases, out of 
tliH (iui«tioti, k« obtainod soon after taking 
bis de^ro« (2 Dec 1830) %. Buliordinato jiott 
in tilt! oolonint offico — probably ua priT'at« 
secratarj lo onii of lb« diinf oJorks, for be 
waa not paid otit of nublic funda — mod |Joli- 
tic-ai eeonomy, and dined with the Political 
Economy Club. By the advice, hownTwr, of 
apiiiiislnfiynfevonf^lical views, Mi8sKar«U 
Lue Buvmi, atY^irwHrds Mr;, Moniraar[q. t.], 
be rutiirnt'd Tii OxfonJ, nnd hiivisff' been 
eloeted to a fi!l!nw;i!ii]i nt MfPtJin ColTfl|^otl 
27 Afn] IS-ll^rWOg ordoinodon ^S Dqr-.uid 
at once look a cumey under tbft Rev. John 
.Snrgent, the ovanffelipal rector of WnollnT- 
inelon-cum-Grntl'haiii, Sussex. On ft June 
1>*3S he prncepfled M.A . and four dajs Uter 
(Sarffont having recpnl ly died) was inst iCnted 
to tbe rect-ory of Wnnllavinglfin, nnd on 
IQ Sept. following to that ofOmffhftni. {>a 
7 Nov, thf samo year bn mnrrii-d tho lat« rec- 
tor's third daughter, Cafoliue, tht i>(>ri!mony 
bein^ performed in Woollavington Cburco 
hy tbe bride's brotbet^iti-Iaw, the Rot. 
Snmuol Wilbprforee [q, v.), afterwards auc- 
nMinivoly hiiihop of OxfonI and Wiucheet«r. 
A model tioriiih priest, Mnnnlng rebuilt both 
bis ohurcne#,and cukA fortbo bodica o^ well 
aa tbe soula of bi» pnri^hioDom, by whom lie 
was ffrootlr beloved. Long al^vrwards, in 
oao 01 tbe Qneet paaoaget in bia writinm, bo 
spoke ofthe love be felt for 'tbuliltlacburcli 
luidor a ffrecu billaide, wber*! tbi- morning 
and ovcoi^ prnyets aod the mu>io of ibc 
Kngtiah Biua jbraeveateou yearn became n 
part of my aoul* {SnfftoHd and CArvtend<m%, 
p. 134). In 1B!)^7 Manning waa B|)poiiitcd to 
tbe aecond rural dvan^ry of Midhunt. Tb« 
eaiua year (24 July) Mre. Manning died of 



cansamptioti. Tlie nuuriaK^ tliough diild- 
IsM. baa been exlremelf hapny, and Man- 
ninit Celt lus viie'a Ion acntd;, and to tbe 
end of bis dkjn nliffUNuIjrotiaen-ed the utni- 
vetsarr of her death. 

At his onlination Mumiog nln-ndy bo* 
lMT«diiiba|>luma]ngeDerstion. In l^fUlm ' 
adoptatd HooWBdoctriiwof tln! eiirliaruL, 
•nd mbxat die uma tiom ho UMiuilnliy) the 
docttiuuof apoatoU^al lucwHiun.mid loani^d 
lo attach a high TaJue to tnditi<^<ii (ci*. his 
flnt pobUahed lemioD, Ti^ Etfjluk CSunrJi .- 
A* Suceiaiian and ft'Hiie**, Ijindon. 1 1^15, 
MmlMnoth^r. Thflfulf of FailJ:l.fn-l^n.]SS», 
8vo). How f« tliis rapiii d('vi*|ii[nin>nt w«» 
nmnlanpous, bow Trt dun to t)ii> iiillttriice of 
Llio ' Tract! fur tb« Tiiutw,' coiiriut tw prty 
eiaaty deterauned. He wu not at tbe 111110 
eloaay uwei*t«d with aor of tli« laaders of 
the traotarian movement, and he never con- 
tributed to tho tracts. What«ver sa^'OUTMl 
of Kcaatianiant was now utterly abborrant 
to bin. In th» aeclaaiMlical commuwion of 
I8SS he dtacatned ' a virtual exliection of 
tha polity of tbo ehur^ ' (TJke Prineiittt ijf 

m Lftter to tke Hu/kt tUt. L>.rd Si'tjicp •/ 
OuekMltT, London, igSS, dvo). lie was 
baling hia way towaria a ech<3m>> for a 
tbanxtid) ayaUmi of natjona] but clpricalty 
eoDtroilod education, and took tui nctirnpnit 
m the ectablisbinent of dioMUD board* in 
eotiBeetioii with tbc National Society lor 
I^OiDOtiiV the Eduoofion of the Poop. On 
30 I>ee. Io40 he wu inititui<<d to the ari^h- 
dMOoniy of CIuohoa1«r, ntid ia his first 

* charge do[>lorcd th« paralyais of ootivoca- 
twB. In iHli! be waa appointed ael«et 
pctaahaf at Oxiiard, and publiaMd, under tho 
titla *Thb Duty of tlM Churdi,' London, 
184S, 8ro, 3nd adit. I M5, aa abl« expowlioa 
of Aofrlo-calholtc principlM) iataiuled to 
serf's as a ooia|>lt-m«nl, ajad, to aome exteatf 
■B a correciivv of Mr. Uladstone'a eway on 

* Tba Bute in il« IteUtioos witli tbe CburcLi.' 
Ho bad etill, howovcr, no eTmpatliy with 
BoiMi and ofWi arguing I'laboratolj for 
vinble organic unJI^ a* a nolo of thu trmi 
cbaic^ duvotvd a footnotv ( pp. \f>il—{) and 
» faw pagM in the laal chajitt^r lo tbe dia- 
enaatoa of the Kouan clium tu prima^, 
'TmctXC h« thffoght Gaaiuatical,aaddftoply 
grioTvd Newman by praMhing a atraogly 
anti-papal wmoo ia St. Bforj^, Oxford, on 
Ony Fawk«a' day 1^3. Likn Nuwmiui, he 
eould fill Kt. Mar^'a on a wwk-day. Uin 
'Senaona preacbed before thn rniversitv of 
Oxford,' publisbed in 1&44 (OWoTfl, Sro),' are 
oharacMrieod by deep spirituality and occa- 
•knal eloquence. 

Willi W. 0. Ward [q. v.] Manning had no 

perMnal acq ua in lance nut i1 Ward's dcgindi- 
tion by tbe Oxfonl trotiTocatton. IS Feb. 1816; 
Bgaimt ihifi Aitp he recorded buTOte, baling 
come to Uxford in the worM of we^lier ibr 
thu e^raas jiurpcMv. Aftor the sratenra he 
met Ward in Dr. I^uey'a Tooms. A long 
crmTttraation followod on Lutbsranism, ana 
Whrd, defending tbe HTonglyanti-Lutberan 
praiition taken np in liia bwME on 'Tito Td«el 
of a CbristUu CliurcU,* dri-w frani Mjnining 
lite remark ihnt lluLt was l.]ia> tiiiist Lutheran 
book he had ever r¥<ad. The n>ferenc«, of 
course. wa« to the extreme TchifmuDco of ils 
dCTiimt'intiiry [iiuwigv*. Tbp cnnneclion thns 
formed riiiciu'd rnl» a cIhw frJKadiliip which 
lawtud ihrauutiiiiit Wanl'it lift-, Thviigti Man- 
ning W8» at fint vxtremely [uiiiuhI by NV'ard'B 

After the secoetion of Ward and Newman, 
Manning became for a time one of thi* raoct 
trastadfaaderevf the high rliiircli party; nor 
waa hia confidence in t hit t^iinbility of its posi- 
tion aertOiuJyKhaknn until lii'iircived thedifG- 
eulty of mabing it inttilligibln tu far^ignore 
during a lour oti the eoutim'nt, July l£l7 10 
June 1848. He travelled slowly thmugh 
Bt'l^ura and Oemiany \a Italy, wna mneh 
imprsseed br the apparent vitality of Ro- 
manism, andinMay lM>fhad an audience of 
Popo Piu* IX, who pnuwid the philanthropic 
jjiirit of En2li»h f.'hrijitianity. On hi* return 
to KugUiid he found thi? chtiroh in n turmoil 
about tbe recent elevation at R^nn nicl(*on 
Hampden [q. T.J to the eniwopolb^nch. Th» 
education qnection had alco entered on a new 
phue, in consequence of the determination 
of government to make gnnU in aid of new 
elamOBtary tehooU conditional npon the in- 
sertion in tWir trust dc«da of certain clauaca 
proritUng for their roanagement liy local com- 
mittM*. Tlieee clauses were regarded by thu 
clergy with rauoh suniicioD, and at a meet- 
ing el tbe National So<;iuty for Promoting 
the Education of th« Poor, hold in Weat- 
minsteroD S Juno It^, tbo Rev. G. A. (now 
ArchdoMOs) Deaison moved a reeolutioa nd- 
vvno to the acceptance of state aid on such 
tcrma, but aftenvarda witbdnrw it in farniir 
of an Mueiiilriii-ut bv Uaauiiig to much the 
•ama eflect, but couched iu more diplomatic 
lanfciuge^ A compromise woe eventually 
amved at. On (< March l>ioO judgment waa 
piv-cn by tho privT council in the case of 
Gwrgc Coniflnii Uorham [q. v.], who hod 
been ritfuMrd iiinlitucion to a living on no 
count of Ilia uuorthodox views on bap> 
ti&m, and twelve- diivs later Manning's name 
appeared in the ' Times ' at t ho head of 
too aabscribora to a protest ogainat tbo da- 
dsion. On the deflsat of the attempt subs^ 
qucntlymade t« settle the qutstiou bylegb> 

lation, MunmiiK puMialieJ n letter to his 
bi»)»>|i (Aslmrst I'ltriior Gilbert), entitled 
TLt! Aiiiwlluto ,1 wrisdict ion I'f tbi; Crown iii 
Matle»> tftiintiiul," London, 18-'0, Svo, in 
wiiich.witfi mdntiiifjciiuity thaiif'^-iicy, lia 
BFK'itcd tlint no sucli juriHlictioii iu fact cx- 
ifltL'd. 1I« nlso vvt ill cin;ulutioii a 'decla- 
rstion' npiitiet tlia jumdictiuu. wlticii ^roA 
Bigii«l by figHi^u hundred of tho clergy 
during t-tK'atilutiin. TIil' nci|i]it).ic<.'ncu of tno 
ruAt L'ouviiiwd iiim thnt tliv chnrdi of Kufr- 
lund wa.1 no branch of thv cimrdi CJithiilic. 
At llio sami' time nothing vnu* ftirtlwr from 
his tboiights tlinit tn twcomtt lln- foUR<ii!r of 
a,a Anglo-ciit!]"llofrt!« church. 'TUrtehiin- 
ircA ycdrs ftjfo,' Imuaiil, wlii^u tlio (mp^estioa 
won mndt!, " w<- left a Kood ship for a boot. 
I am iniL tpHiiK to leare the iwnl for a tub,' 
Meanwhile th(! excitcniont cimsL'd by ilic 
so-calleil jpnpai ageressi<in n^nolii^d itn height, 
and by thi' irony of fftto Mnniiiiig^sliiat nflUrial 
act us archdcHCon of OIiti;ln-"tcT wait to pre- 
side Bl a ' No E'iiin-ry' muetiuji 'if his clerjiy 
aummnnofJ (miniiiroriallyl by himself. The wi'i" t dd in Chicbe-atcr Cathedrttl 
Library on L'2 Nov. IS50. Manning formally 
jirCKidud. but except taexpress hisentini witnl 
of aympiithy with the object nf thu mpittiTig' 
took DO part in thv pmci'ij'litiK"- Tli" mwit- 
ing ovefn be nsnipned bin itri'lidwuMuiry and 
cnmeio l.omlnn, wlii-n', itt'ii'i' -r-im- mantha 
lif anxiimH tb"iighi,hu ivii> rvi'im-d into the 
eliurch fil' Kiiiim with Ui« friend Jlope at the 
rasidimui' ittTuclu'd to the JesiiUe' Cburi*h, 
Farm Stn-et, MayfMr, on l'u8<^ion Siinduy, 
6 April IJfSl. On tho following Sunday he 
received minor nrdt.'re frnni Onrdiuiil Wise- 
mnii, by wbi>iii Im vnn cirdiimed jiriL'^i uu 
14 June. A (■nnfi-HNional wii.4 ai uiicmuisi^ned 
hire in (•'urin Sinun Church, liy his aep^eflion 
Mftnninp; Biicrifipod a dignified pnaition in 
a rhurch tn which he was attaclted by the 
utronffiiit tifs of wntiment for a doubtful 
fiituft in one refrarded with intensn bontility 
by all renlcR of Knglisli Miciitty. Ho had 
bwn pow«rfiillT inHuenocd by Npwraan'n 
' Dfiv^Iopment o^Ohrintinn Deotnne,' and lind 
in eSect adopt-^ Ut principU''n without re&tia- 
ingeitlitr their pTMUeal resiill or the lef-al 
pMitiOD of the church of Knainnd until the 
Gorhom caAocorapi^lled him to con^'otit bolli 
Ihu one nnJ the other, A utiidy of ihn 
' Loci TbHCih)(i:ici ' of Mekbinr Cimus th«n 
comjileted wliiit N"wmiiii Imd hngun. Dur- 
ing tUo period of inworvl tk-balo liv siilFvrvd 
extreoiely. '1^ dn mnrtirio vt:nni n igui-Mn 
pacv' (And front martyrdom caiix: I to tbiii 
peace), liw wrwtc wbta it was wver, nlijthlly 
miitquolinK ihi- chininij words vi canto xv. of 
Hanie, 'Pnrndinii,' in wltich Cocciajjuida de- 
scribuB liis translation to heaven. 

Thewinter of It>51aaw Manning eaMUubafl. 
in RoiQQi wbere he »[>onl tbeb«atBttt of tba 
next thivc voars in study at tbc AccadeiDU 
dci Nohili Ecclcsioetici and in the intimsts 
.locicty of Pius I\. The cumini.'n' he dividBil 
betwiwu England and Ireland. Hie lirst 
apirfttraiice in u Itomtui tatluilitt pulpit waa 
luado In the litllt!rlia}ifl in II<"t<c-n rj ad* 
VVe*tmiB4ier.OBH) June lASii. ThtfSiiineywr 
lie published four lectures delivered in Stnith- 
wnrki>n'Thc(irfliindsofI''aiih'( ljondon,piTo, 
9th I'd, l?^). in which hcnipresnilixl Uoman- 
inin lis ihu only nlt,('mntiva to mtionaliism. 
Hill fintt Mrmoii in Itomn, prcnchi^d in the 
churrli vf H. Atidrra di'Da valln nn If) Jnn. 
1 tiHil, made a jiroftmnd imprewiou. In Knp- 
laud lie roade it^veral iinwidytc-*, aiurt«([ ihrni 
his elder brother. Charles .I-ilin Manninjfi 
whose wife bad atreadv receded, and wboH 
family followed suit, EuwardLowth Bade ley, 
Q,0, [q. V,]. and Ardidcaran Itobcrt Ihiac 
Will)nrf(irc<'[c[. v.] In lRo4 he rweiTwi from 
till- {iri|in iliii d)<^ii<^ of n,T>., and begin 
rtiicuhirwurk inEn{];tHnd,mt,iuniii||[liiiicouJW 
sioiial at Tarin Street, iiud ihrnu'inH hiniMlf 
with great zeal into a niiivfuii'nll'ore»tabli«h- 
ing reformatones. In |,S')7 he waa mads 
provost of the chapter of Westminntsr br 
the pop-, who also snnciioned a rule which 
be biul drawn nii for a cummunity nf tecnlar 

Eriesls, nindelUia on thnt foundod nl .Milan 
y St. Charles BorriHneo in the <.ixtai!nth 
century, nnd nubjw-t tu the jutiadietton ot 
the -XrchbiHliop of Weal miiiHier. Installed 
as superior of tliia ' Congregatioa of Ui8 
Oblates <if .'^t, Charles,' a« it was called, 
nt t1ii> mother- luiuao of St, Mary of tha 
.4.iigi<Ig, Wnstmonland Konil, Bays wa tar, 
on WbitsnndaT, M May iKTi?, Manning oc- 
cupied hiniNi^lf during 'th>' nnxi eight ynut 
with its direction, with preaching, the' ear* 
of education, miMion work in the stutn* of 
Westminiter, and the lit^-rar}' defence of th« 
fempornl power of the pope. During thia 
period he wn* fre/juenely at U(imL». where h« 
nrrachrd stivernl linien nt >i. Andrea df<I!a 
V'nilo and other ehupchna, and in IMK) waa 
apjioinlijd by iho popn hia dnQit-«tie prelate 
nnd prat onotATyapoMolic, with ■■piseopal rank 
and the titl« of Monnignor*, to which rb« 
envtouHBddi.>d thu epithet t^-noranti-, in refers 
ence to his real or auppoaed want of nerfdct 
nccoRipliahiueiit iu the refinemt'iits of theo- 
logy and cnTeinonial etiquette. Th« honoiUT- 
nblc reception accorded to Onribaldi on bM 
■visit |g Cnjilaad in the spring of ISM drnw 
frnra Manning a strDne prot«at in Uie ilinpu 
of a letter to the Kight Hon. E. Cardwvll, 
n'pnnled iu hia ' Miscelluuim,' vol. i. Thu 
anmu year he pubUibed two letters 'To an 
Anglican Friend,' in ivhicb h« expatiated on. 









tbtnomn ofntionalism within thachurcli 
of EnftUad u ritown bv ibd Jodgmcnt of 
tli« privy muncil in nsgmrd to tlu> ' Gwajw 
Aad Ileview.t ' uiJ tbv iiapatciuM of cun- 
TocMion in t)ti' nutttrr. A third on 'Tlii- 
'Worina^ of ilif! HoIt Bpirit in th<-Cliurcb 
of RihiUDd,' BclilieMeil to [>r. Pum^t, rliclied 
till . .eoisgiai's otJebraCed'ICitvalcon.' All 
thiMT ]rtt«Tft, with B pastaral on 'The lU- 
tinion of CTirii'tenidoni.' issued in INV!, iiid 
&n liisinricul intrudiirlioD. wn ivprintc*! in 
1867 anderthetiitp 'England «nil Chmicn- 
dom ' (Loudon, Kto). 

On tliftdefttl) of Cardinitl 'Wiiicman, Man- 
ning nvachedltiifuneTvtsifnunn&iSr. Clary's, 
Hooifiplds (ifS Feb. 186.'^). On 30 April 
followin); the pO[ie, obedient to an inu-ard j 
voicM which uid em to him ' mpttptpln li,* | 
' mcilrtfln t) ' (pUce him then?), rominnipfi 
Mattnins to iha Tacant tvf nl WfMtiniiulrr, 
thooj^i he lud bMn pMMdomrliv tlirTlin[i- I 
tet. lie WM coiiBM^Tntod ml Si. Slurys, 
HootfieldH, on 8 Juui>. received the jualliuui 
ftt Rotne nn >liohaelintL4 day, and vas t)ti< 
tliroMid at St. Mnry's. >Io<irii«tdii. nn li Nov. 
ThmmuB«y«*T ho pulilinh^'Tho Ti>inpc>nl ' 
MiNuon of thv Hdiv (ihoBt ' (Lomlnn. '*vr>, 
Uiirr Mlit*. In77, IHNK, l^):!), ill which hv 
retraciwl rt-rt«iii ' .■ryir* ' (iininim-d in hit 
Ani^lican n-rii int^s and t-xftiumli^l tbl^ Koiiiaii 
catbolic doirlrinoDfTbi.' runctiooi of the UoW 
Spirit in his fuurfold relation to the thurch, 
faniHUi rauaa, holy Hiriptiire, and tradition. 
TmyMnlaUr h«publi^li»d acorn |>lcmentarr 
voltttM Ml 'Thij Temporal Mission of th>> Holy 1 
Qhoat '{l/indon, l^vn), in which Im dfolt witK 
tfaewwiiof ih<^ Ilolynhoft in tbeindiriduni 
«MiL Tb<M« tiro trAAtuu'Ji eontAin hi> moat 
chan^t^riitic tnd iiviitemMic touuhing. 

As an trcIibitUoji ^loiinini; iru by do 
m»«n* diii{>(M«d t" iiunimi«« hi* »ulhority, 
and bia Bittocrati^: moUtoda w«re al fir>'t tlie 
■nfirw irkHimolnlheelM^ withiu liisjiiriiMlic- 
tion W iv>nlri»*t wifh ihr wMV-iffiiiij; way* i>f 
bia prvdc<w»©r. Uradiially, liowi-vcr, he 
Mtabli*bi.-d cordial tvlulions with nil bis 
•ubordinati-a. If vxactiog toward* otIiCTS, 
be by no means sparvd b4B»dt During the ' 
B^tMter part of hi* long tcaiur« of officts it 
WW hia cualoiu to fprmi bia aummar boli- 
cUy* in visiting the principal towsa of tlie | 
nortbem diooMest preachinjc, Ircturinir. and 
hohltag rfceptioaa u he wnii. A lhcrauf;h 
ultramontiux', be itnltonisod tbc vtatmenie of j 
Ilia priei>t« nnd ihfir pronnncinlioii of Iintia, ' 
diACOUitienivoced all mtuit'bul thrftrrgoriui, 
mm) beartily appmrnl nfthr papal vrt<i |>t»C4^ I 
upod NiMViaan'sscbemrfiira Roman catholic ' 
Iwll kt Oxford. Tbn chiircli, t»- held, niiut ! 
p(Ti«idoftirtbcedBcntionaflu^rrhildr«-iiwiili- . 
ID h(T own unity, and tlie |MTunauia need of | 

VWL. sxitt. 

I thvbourn-upritiuryeducation. Accwrdingly 
' in li^l bo cataUished tlie WoBtminst'Cr Uio- 
rtrMii Kducntion Fund, foi tbe mniiitenance 
mid iritimnion uf Roman aitliotic primary 
8cboolA. Hh uIm) foiiudcd ill variiiiis jifirta of 
the diocese, homes, nr|),iiidiiMlrid,n^ 
fnrmntory. and [wor acbool* for Romiin cn- 
tbolic cliildrcn, and apa.r«d no pains to cibloin 
tbrtr legal custody from hoaruB of guardians 
(ind oilier niitlioTilies. By a quanerof S can- 
tiiry of such [itttiynt. labour ho succeeded in 
douhtiii^ tlii; numU'rof cliildrvnin receipt of 
tdiicntiuii in liix wIkhiU. iliiiiii;b tht^ Itomim 
catholic pu|niliiiit>ii had not innvamMl. (For 
details see lii* • Lfnteti I'sumrar for IHWJ 
and -The Month' for February 1^2.) 

In onler not to overtax the l'ib«rality of hit 
Itftriph- he t>iitfer«l the scheme for a cathedral 
nt W'T'tmirnter to r<>mnin in abeyance, but 
foiindtid 111 IMI>7 thepro-<-nth>>clriilal Kmi«inff* 
ton. Plan*, liitwr\rr. WfriMlniwii nud I'liiiog 
uccuniiiUted I'uf thi! caiht'dral, for wliteh in 
ims ilie *iie of the disuawl Tiithill Field* 
I'riwjn was secured. In lSi'2 a roomy but 
bamick-like structure, which '.adservedoaa 
('^tbf(^rI)le ^nrda in Carlisle Place, Vnuxhall 
Bridui< Itiinii, wua purchiaed at a low ligure, 
ThithiiT Mnnniiiy removMl from thvhouas is 
York Plaee, Itaker 8irwt, whieh had faMO 
hU refidence linisa hia meeettiaa to tbe weo, 
and there be rended in great wnplicity, yet 
hospitable with the hoapitality of the true 
Chrintinn bi>bop, for thw rest of hia life. 

T" prrimm tho wny for the cecumiTnical 
council of 1H70, \lnnninjfi«uui-dtwopa>torala, 
ri*. 'Thfl C.'ntonarv af St. PoUt nnd tli« 
CirnnnO Ciuneil' {i^Tulnn, Iwi", Svo) and 
'The (Ecumenieal Cc^iiat^il and tlw Tnfalti* 
bilityof the Roman Pi>ntiff' (London, if»S!>, 
Kto), in which Iw luarbhallod at f.'r«<at Ir^nicth 
th?e%-idenc<efor the the#is of thoinfillihilitj 
oftb()pope,nt iheMmetiniodvaliiif^aiiiivrcili- 
ouidy with nnllieniiiam-an oltitudu wliich 
drew a r?p!v from Ditpanloup. A"* member 
of tliv 'Dc-Vtilatio prvi lU'boF od Pldtmpeiti- 
nvntibu*' Manning pill yul a prominent part 
inlheprnc«cdtngBof lUeouuuci). At it4cloae 
hn iMued auolUor pii)?tur«] cxiKUitory of its 
Mveral decrma, entitled 'TV- Vaitcsii Coun- 
cil and its UefiniLiona' (London, 1870, Hvo). 
TLc tbrco l(rtt«rs wit-: reissued in one rolune 
entitled 'Petri I'rivile^iura ' in It^'l (Lon- 
doa, (*vo>. 

Erer vi^lant in ivgard torducation. Man- 
ning bad laaued a poflorat on tliv auhjrct in 
llu^ autumn oflBQlS, warning bin clerjry that 
a iiK»i coDiroveray waa impeudint;. While 
at flome, oiaid tbe atreas and atmut at the 
council he found time to inast«r the detoiln 
of Mr. Forslcr** measure, nnd on his return 





lie auietly matured lii« plans for the dofeac^ 
of ice 'vgiuutury principle ' under tlie now 
coodilioDG iiiipoe>.'d by tlic net of l>i7(i. In 
lfi7'J he Hindi.' on MTgciit nppcii! oa bcltnU 
of Vii »chtmh in a. pnstoru-l uJdrwscd to both 
clorpynudlaitjiwbiclj wilL tliat of 1869 wab 
ivpriuteii (lie t^iav vnur in n itiiKiill volumv 
entitlt^d ' Nutional i'Mucatlou oud Pareulal 
Rights' (Londca.Hvo). Ttioafjujalmeiwith 
a liaarty rssponse, nnd tbe schools froittinucd 
not oah' to lunintuin their oxietcncu but to 
mcnaeo in num1>(^n> nnd ciFicicncy. In re- 
esrd to hijtheri-din'Jitiriii lir w»ii< Irs? sucrr**- 
ful. A l'tnv(-n>ity (.'nllrgf founded iit Ken- 
»in(tt'»uinlH74iir(twd, umlf-rtbHiuinnaifBriitMit 
of HoiiHi/nor {JHjjel, an trnlira failure and wae 
cWcd in ISTf^. Fi>rlUe traininRof tlio clergy 
he founded in 1876 t!ic diiwcsnn fleminary of 
St, Thouns. Ham Ricr.^iD it'll, which gave b 
pent itnpuli'i" W tlieeptiiblisiiinrmt of uimikr 
institutions in oth^r dioci'srai. 

A senrenm ahoui ilm deiflcftlioti of l.lw 
Iminan nuttire of Christ in <iae fit Maiuiiiiu'a 
ftHnuimsftttlie pro-catliedral in li*7S(aeB T/ie 
THi'mr Gim-y i<f the Sacrril Heart, a sermon, 
I^udon, lt<T3. 8ro) was impugnwl ilh hore- 
tieal in a private letter by im Anglicnn 
dergymain, I'r, A, Nictmlnnn. MiiriniTiK rp» 
plii>i) through hi» ^f«f:^l!tn^v, Faibi!r fliiJr«>ii, 
and ttC-fjrnwiHiiuli'iiCHfiistied. which wni* even- 
tually jiuWinh'^ii ill the 'Guardian.' l" Sept. 
Mauiiiuti: ilioreupon reviewed the contro- 
versy,, defending his orthndoxy with much 
dialectical f^kill in h serii-x nf BiionyiuoUG 
articles in the ' Tnlilet/ 'J7 Sf]it,-'.ir) ficr, re- 
priutwi, iiiidiT thn ii>!«udoiivm 'fMhiilimiR.' 
and ihe titli- 'l)r. NiehulBrms Awusatimi of 
thi! An-hhinlioji nf W-Jtt.iiiiustvr' I I,f>ud<jn, 
iKjS, Hv<t), nud afltrwards in hia 'Miaeul- 
laniea,' pol.^ ii. 

A pamphlet on 'Ciee&riam and Ultrainon- 
taniBin,' published by .^laaninj; in 187-1, 
and t.w> nrtiolei* contributed t)y him t.n the 
' C'ont^fnpwanr Kevii'w' in Ajiril and Tune 
of t.hi«t yt'iir, in reply lo curtain criLiciitoM 
by .Mr. (iinw Sir) Jiuima Fitigann.** St.:nh»'Ti, 
wo a|jn included in his ' Sl'iaMdlanied, vn\. 
ii., and fnnn an «<xtremi)ly coh^Tc-nt flints 
ment of the ultramontane theory of the 
relationfl of church nnd stMe. In 1876 be 
published 'Tlie Vfifionn llocreos in their 
noariiifr <nn Civil Allejfiancfi,' Ijjndon, Hvn, 

Communion of Cbritt'« Body Bud Blood,* 

npoeitrod the eaioe jw, London. Vvo. 

AU^aDn-Kila Mumiii^ had rvtxivcd tbo 
burrcttn of a card from th« pope, 
who u(iL)i[ucd the church i.>f ijL Gregory the 
Great oii the Cuiltan fur his Itllc. Hiere 
bis euthroiifiueiit took (tlace iu presuuce 
of a vast cou({re(r&tiau, larf[«Iy Kriglish, 
on 81 M&rcb IB7-5. He did not rooeive 
thobat 31 Doc. \ii77. I'ius IX was 
th«n in hi? tnsi illnvM. aud Manning r^ 
miiined iit Tlome, nnd was prc:<rnt at bb 
death cin 7 Feb. JfiTS. .\t iIh- vlttctioo of 
his nuccewior hi; vrjt.i-d with the uiajoritv of 
the couclsve. In JS"' aiipeared ' TTit! "trao 
Storj- of the \'aiicau (Council,' a reprint of 
a sericj of artielf^ coniribuled hy bim to 
the 'Nineteenth Century' in that year (Lon- h 
don, 8yu: ^ndcdit. ISAt>. ■ 

Unring the Inst twenty years nf bis lifa ^ 
Ma,nnini^wafl a plMlenl'tiitiiiabiilflmi'r,' nnd 
carried on a cnituidf ua n lecturer and laTilw 
atcninat ilie uAiMif akoliolic atimi]huit4. He 
wajfl the founder (1^6^^ of 'he t«mperanoa 
society known aa 'The henj^f of the Cnwi,' 
and was a stroii|{ advocat^i of the I«)risl8tlre 
n'«1riction of the liquor tmtlic (cf. Miactt- 
laniri, vol. iii.) |[i« philanthnipy was 
widii a» it wiM untiriug, Hm Hal on tbo 
Maiisioti IloiU" committwc for th« rwliiit of 
tUestarviug pour of Paris in .laiiuarr 1871, 
was an activo proiooter of the Itiwpilat 
Sunday and lioepital Saturday movementa 
nf 1872' and 1B74. and nronoimeed hia beni- 
SOIL on the newly foundod Acriculmral La- 
iKiuntrs' Union Ma meeiintr in Kxeter Hall on 
lU Dee. 1B72, iind on hiwfiil comhimitiijns of 
workmen (renerally, iu a li<cttin< on ' Tbi- Oij- 
niiy and Rights of I.iibour' (r&pr. in .t/Mvi- 
lanie», vol. ii. and in pamphlet form, 1887, 
London, 8vo). Before hilt flubmiaaion to th« 
see of Homo Mannin|;'a political prineiplec 
wore ihofo of a moderate liberal, extremely 
liuiipiciouf of doctriiinire iHea* and meihods. 
Afhir that p7"nl chnnffc fbey vajv ofcotma 
mninlydeterrainod hyil, hut biididnotoft«ii 
inturti'Tii dirwily in pmrticol politiu. Ho 
publiahed, bowQf-er, iu 1868 a iBanifMtooii 
the diMstablishmiMit of tbe Inab churvhniid 
tbe reform of the Irish land law* in the 
shape of a letter to Lord (.Jr«y, r*prinled in 
hi» ' Mii!oel1anies,'vol. i, ; and be waa knowa 



a niiwlerly reply to \\r. (^ladHtnmi's ' poli- ' to favour Mr. (iWstone's lal«r Irish policy, 

a'_.1 .... * ^ .!..■_ bL. A . . All.!- '_^l II . ^_'aI *: >I._|T ^ 

licnl cjipnRtidiilion ' iindnT the nmho title. 
Challenffudbv Lcrd Itedi^Hlalrintbucoltuana 
of Ih-.- ',' 9 Od.. IS?'!, Ko i»- 
coucik' thi' iiifallibility of theHooiuuchuroli 
iritb her pni^^tici: of CDDuauoiou iu one kind, 
b« puhliBlitd oeveral letters on that topic iu 
ihe loiiiii! iiewapaper. A reprint of them, en- 
titled ' Tbe Infallible Church and cho Holy 

includinK, with i>oine reeervationi.thelloow 
Rule Bill of I88fj. On the- rolinious ismu 
which be ccnceived to be involved in th> ^ 
constitutional mmtion raised br ihi.' rulum fl 
of ClinrlM llrtiulBU)fh to varlkmenl iu ISSO, V 
he conlributifd. to the ' ^luvtuenlh Contury' 
and 'Contemporary Heview' .houlo aiiioMtM 
'Protests' o^inat any modification of ilia 


•ziMin([ U-tr, aiwi in s wriea of ftrtidea in 
Xh» farmer |>iibl lent ion be led iu I88:j--<1 th# 
a^tatiAii ft^r the 4iiMtxlment af ihi* EtlucA- 
tioo Art <if I ^70 in tbe iat^rwi of \oIi»nt»ry 
M-hdot* (cf. .VitrrlloHift, vol. iii., Mid a •ojw- 
T%Vt reprint of tlu' *Tti«tint on tlio Kducnlion 
Act, with oth-rr of hi* tat»c«IUa(M, cn- 
titl«d ' Nattoiul EdunaltQP,' London, li^9, 
8vq). In Uclob«r 18$fi lie puUiabdd in tlie 
* Dublin Ucvii^w ' a direcl ain'-'ol tu ll'jruaa 
CfttbolJn to atalM the •mitidutrnt of Ibo 
Bdncttioa Act A teet qneetioaat ibc onauiutc 
gtobnl election. 

Muming Ht on tlic roral cammiMian of 
18M-6 oatbebouringofthrtvorkingclitMK*, 
Uiil npted. bmiiUa the prinripnl irjiorl, wliirli 
did little imirv llun indimi.- thrurvencjimil 
diA«:ultj of tbe jirohlem, • •iip^t&Miu.ii.r; 

in fkvour of the miftuictuaement m 

He vas aim n mt^nlI>er nf tlie 

COtniniHian nf I88U-7 on the Eletnen- 

' Bdantion Acte. In the proceodinga of 

iGnfDtiii!'<ioni> bi> took inamivc part, and 

ntgning of thi^ rrpoiUiru aocordrd 
fncedcno! mat nflT the dikirnMui. Thu 
eOBnnpmise i^mlMMtinl in tlifr Eclnrfllinn Act 
of 1881 win lurht'ly dm" lo liisi ulitlful ium! 
pstient tivwacy of the cUiius of voltmtarv 

80 fkr u coiuist«<l with bis firm and 
ancompfnaiiaiiig adhmion to ultrmmoDtnne 
piinciw**. Manning wiuta patrioti>c English- 
nun, full df pridi- in hiKcniintrvand loyalty 
to liui queen. HiH >vmpicbj with thttn«Mlr 
and aiiJRniiig wu jiTofnumt, and MomeltniM 

Kihe better of hif miUiical economy. In 
OMij IS8S be Ixildly mainluined in the 
' Wuwteienlh CVnlur)- ' Jhe right of The suf- 
t&nn br the iii«vatent industrial stagnation 
to ' wnrk or hrwn!.* and, an a mi'tnUr of a 
(Ivputation n>c-ivi7(l hy T^on] iNilinbiinr on 

I rVk f(ilt(>wiii(r, urvM the lulviffibililv of 
inatitutins relief woncR. On uecnMon of t he 
McUuaftaoLoBdon dock labounira in Annual 
l$S9 be waintlT fspouaed their rau»e, and 
nnterially contributed lo brin^aboul an ad- 
iBStiaeJit of the dispute. In December l^W 
MpiUbbed in the ' Nineteenth L'ectury'ait 
afUeUoB'IrrMpnBeibtv W<Mllh,'inwhichhe 
adToeat«d trholMala alin*gtring aa th& fi)cial 

Other eaoaea in wlii'^Ii Xtannitif; inrtrn^cud 
khmdf were the miptiresjiiun of ibe Ea^t 
Afiieaa tlave-mde and of the Indian «U3toiii 
«f '^Id-namace,' atate-ditecte'l colonisa- 
tion, aiul the raising of tbe minimtim ajfefor 
ehiM-lahoiir (cf. Timt», 31 May 1990 and 

I I Feb. lA'C). ITi^ paid an «<l<iqu9nt tribufo 
to Xewnian's momoryat hi« requiam maaain , 
tb« Brompton Oratory on ^ Aug. 1800. Ilia ; 
•>wa Btrcngtli vina now failing, but bia energy ' 


remained unabaii^, and in tba winter of 
ll^l-:2 he waa bard at work on a achema 
fnr proyiijinp; mainteoauoe for auperanniiatad 
(pA4-her«, wiu'D an attack of brouchiiis ler- 
minnii'd lii* lift' Ht 8 a.U. on H -laii. .\a (he 
tail upjimacliotl, h^ wna clothed, by his own tho full dmaa wUcb ho vrorc on stale 
ocoaaioiu, '^lad,' a* he said after making his 
laatpmftaaianuf faith, 'to have bM>n able to 
do ev^nlliin^ iu ordvr.' Ilia rvmainv, aflcr 
lying; in state for aointt dayn, were reinoved 
to the BrvaiDton Uialory, and were iaterred 
in St. Marva cemetery, KinuaJ llreeot on 
'ii Jan. ilia obeoquim wera attended hy 
immense crowda. Br hia vritl be apnouitM 
thrpi/nf tile ')bUi>!»or 3(. Oharlet ana CiiDoti 
Ki.-KiiH lii.t rwcuiots; hisproimrlY woa sworn 
undi^r 3,0()0A, and tbt! net value did not 
exceed "80/. 

By hia diitinpiiflu^ appearanoe, fine 
mauners, and •iqaisitt.- laci., Manntm{ waa 
emincDlly qunlitinl to makeproeelTtosialhc 
fiiahionable nxtrld. His portrait as he op- 
peaird in and lo socictv lias bi.-ni pniitT<-d by 
jjind Beooontlirld in tfii- Cardinal nrnndiaon 
of ' I^Otliair ' aiid thr Niu^-1 IV n rod d tick of 
'Endymion.' Elia MtiDiTini-xN wax of iht! 
moat ewlted typi*, deeply tiii[red with ni^'^ 
licism and entirely frte from spiritual pnds 
and moroeeness. Hi* work on * Tbe Elcmal 
lories: hood * (London. 1883, 8vo) ihowB bow 
loOy was his conception cj priestly dignity 
and diilT- 

Slaiintngwasabnt'e the middle height, apai* 
andagilt^ in frame, wiih extremely mi^ularaad 
refined features, clear and peiietraiiag grey 
eyes, and a kitih and irxpansive forehead. By 
the rigour of hiisascetioism he became in later 
life attemiatvd almo«l lo emnciution. A 
miniattirv of biin t^dnno in IKi^) o» a child 
hnlding a (xiailiell lo bis ear wna tho nmpnrty 
of hi» elder brotbiw, Dwrlea John Uanuin^, 
on whose dwieaao in 1880 it passed to lua 
widow. Uis ponniit in (ieor)^ lUch- 
mond, l{^., punted in 184-1, is in the poaaea- 
sion of his sister, Mrs. .\usten. His bust in 
marble, by Mr. J. HarTardThoma<,is at Arch- 
biahopV Honae; another in term-eotta, br 
Mr. F. F. Stntui, for which ho gava aarorai 
sittinga ihortlv bc^fow hia daaCh, baa ainca 
l»rn pumplott-o. 

A great flcclMiaatical alateaman and diplo- 
matiat, an eloquent and impr^sairc preacber, 
a dogmatic theologian of considerable learn- 
ing and ram power of logical and luminous 
expoaition, an flciit«, subtle, and trenchant 
controversial iet. Manning was disqualified 
forlhopart of modiaior bctw^«n Clinsttaaity 
and modtTTi thou^t bj the uuspvculative 
and uncriticv] cast of his mind. .\t the oo^ 
act of hLi carver be act his face as a fiint 


affaiost nnd ofUr his Buccwiion 
he (lenuunvi'd imml 'aciiilMlic' ^^-i^ncc* gniii>- 
nlly 111 uituiraiiin-i] tirrms {vf- hiK Hi^nnmi 
'/'Ac Huir i>/ FiiHh, Limdoii, IMrt, Hv.i; 7V 
Ti'mpiiTal Mittiun of the Ilniy OAimt, oc. ii. 
Hitd iii. ; Biid llie chapter itu ' The (iift of 
tJio Und^ntnndinp ' in TAf Internal .Wmjtwb 
<jf the Holiji fHosf). Ni'verlht'le*8 he was n 
metiibor of Ilie MeiBpliysical Society. Iwfnrii 
which in IH71 ho n-iic! a |>aiier on ■■ Tho ICi?- 
liilinn of i.h<i Will 1(1 Thriiit);l(l.,' piililistit-J lu 
till' ' Cout flin|>nn>ry lUrriow," vnl. xvi. Ho 
iU*o piibliiliof] ill j«iiophl>-'t form in IwrS, 
London, 8to, a pa|>pr on * Thi> Dmnion of 
S(icrat«8p' Kod before the Itoyal InBlitutioni 
itid in th* • Contemporaiy lleview ' for Xo 
vember l>t7(t rrrititisprl Mr. Kirkninirs'Pliilo- 
iopliv witlirtiit Awumptioji* ' from the point 
of yitrv of St. Thoiniut Aijiiinas (see Mi»- 
ceilanim, toIji. i. and ii.l A tract eutitUd 
' ItoUjfto VintarU,' publulivd in 1>^7, Lon- 
iJon,8vo(lnUTe(Utiuiia 1888 nnd l890),con- 
tAins aaiimmary AtuU-mi'Eit of the phlloaophi- 
cal baeio of hi« fuiili. An artide ttnlitW 
'The Church ii(< Uwii Witii"3iMt,"<!otilril>ut«J 
to the 'North AraiTiL'AD i^jim-w' in Sep- 
tembT 1>;J^ {Mi^tHtiiutt, vol. iii.), I« a 
favouruhto example of hi.-< opntogutic muthoil. 
Ilirt Huniiiu cuUinlic writings breol be n npirit 
of lurj.'L' L'biirily lownrJ? tLuee born wiluuut 
the puh:^ itf tliu litiuukn i-l>iin:h. Thi- pu()))lit 
of EnKlwd. Ik* IwlU, hiul UKmr d»li ln-rotaly 
rejeclcJ. ihe fnith, biil \mA bet>n rohbtHl of 
it by iLi'ir riilvr«; but lio had no hope af 
thoir apcudy n.-lum to ihe true fold. [lo 
(iBticipulod th>? vvpntiml extinction of the 
itrottiAtaiil n^li^'ioti tlirniighoiil the world, to 
ijii ToUowihI by A niitfhiy utrujrjrl'' Iwlwiim 
tlio [iiipftcy and the forci-e of rHvolitlitm (r.f. 
Enpiancl and VAriitenihm, pp. 1*2 i*t. hwi.; 
.ViJK^Jlaniiu, i. 75 etHeq.-iii, 2SJi bIb«|,, 305 

Manning publislW nutnorou* separate srr- 
mons iH-.iidi:* thn».- ircnlionL-d iii t.ho text. 
turn! M'lrn 'Chnrpui' di'linirp'! at ihi" ordi- 
nary viwintiunt of xh't: an^hdwiconry nf Olii- 
chwter. ]Sl\~A, 18 (.".-«, au.l IM(*-9. lie 
alwj cnllecled Che clciff nermoii* preaclieil be- 
fore hi* converiion tlff+i-ftO) in 4 vols. 8vo. ' 
3ubHHi|)i0ntly appeart-d ■ Sermooa on i^ccle- 
nulicxl 8ubjecTs, with an Introduction on 
the RiOntiona of KiigUnd to Chrislianitv,' ' 
Dublin. IfiilS-rs. a volit. «vo. und ■ Mix- 
ceUaiiia*.' ]877-f*^, 3 volii. Hvo, which in- 
clude tm chief nnii-U'A in mftguini's. ' I'aft- 
timt> Paners.' a eoHwitiou of Ittiirary M«nvi», 
nppeart'd posthiunoasly, London, Svo, lMil3. i 
Him mora important works have been traoa- 
lutKdinto Krpnr-H.Oonuan, and Italian. The 
foltawiiig volitnim of 8fil«ctione have also 
appuurmi: 'Thoughi^ for t\\ntv that Mourn,' 

London, 18^13. 16ma: 'Derotional ResdiBgs,' 

Frome Selwood, ISIP*, Iflmo ; 'Citanclom- 
lics. Political, Philosophinil, and lUligious' 
(.>d, W.S. Lilly I. London, KWr^Hvo; 'To- 
wiirds Lviming,' London, l!Hf<7, IfSnio. 

[Dahlia ftvvicw. April ltl7». ivikI April IBM ; 
01dwwlio's(p»ew!onjni for Wilfrid Moyae 11 iCnr- 
ilinid An'libuhop i>f W««tniiii'>tHr, IHHS; M>im<>- 
Mills lit t'ARllnnl AUnning. ISH'i, and Sayiiua uf 
M.ititiin^, liiii2; Whiba'a Cardinal Manning. IS&I; 
Orn«b>'it Memoirs of Jamea Rohtm lIi>p«-9cott ; 
AIIii-h's LifoB Declmoii.pp. 113. IdD; Manning's 
Sermons on KccleHiaelirnf Suhjiwta, pj^ fi-fl. and 
l^nilUnd imd Christendom, pp. 3>ll ; Moelry's 
ReniiiiiacKiicni, i. 42:i, 43(', tiS; l)t-«rroti and 
Word N worth's Lifii iif Clirinloph-nr Woid«w«rtJi, 
pp. 33. 418 : Charlps Woxdtirortb'a Annala of 
my Krirlyl.ifci; Sir II. TMylur's Auinbiography. 
n. :t^ti; A. J. C. Ilara'ii Mi<nioniiU iif ii QuiM. 
Lifii, Ii. 352; .SttfpheiisB Lifi' of W. F, Unok. ii. 
18&. as ; Wilfrid WBrd'BWiUi«mOBr.rge Ward 
iitidlho Oxford Mov[<nirnt.p.:tt;i. unJ W.Q.Ward 
and the Catholic Hvviriil, panim, Conls»»rj 
Jt<-virw, Piibriiury 18(13; }CiniiIwnlh Century, 
February WJ'2: Q«iiri».p)y Rwi+w. July 1802 : 
StriLnrl Ma^uinn. July 18DI ; BeviflwofRwpw*. 
Fabriutry nnd Slav 1892; CriKtoforl'ii^^Iuria dei 
CaMiDnii di Santrt KonmnaChimn (itomii. 1886); 
Acta et Dtfcrota Sacroaanrti ot (Eriimrnici ^M 
Ciincilii Val.icani (Fmiburg, 1873); Ariliuc's ^ 
Thn J'opD. tha Kin^. iktid the Prapli-. 1877; 
Tinioa{tccPnJni«i-> Ind^a), 18^9-92: (jo^rdiaa, 
(I J.iin. I84«, 4-111 17-24 Jolv, 'it N*v. 
\sm . TuU<Tt, 12 April I8AI, -16 Vtih. ii Hay, 
10 Juno, and 11 Nov. I8S5. mid Jnnnary I89S: 

^MRnt. m:2 ii. ;ri. »,m. nan. wt ii. ss2. 

1<) Jan. 18X3; Laieue of ihn CroM Mnjracina, 
April 1SB4 p. 70, June 1884 p. t)7. KoT«nibtr 
1 884 p. 1 ; lloport of ihe SpL-cdi™ at tbn Ban- 
qnci ID the C^ra Exchun^?, OKfurJ, on Occa- 
•ion of tho Fiftivth Aaaivrrsarv »( tbc< Oaford 
Onion Soo.. 'JM iM. 1873. Oxf.mi 18T*, 8i«; _ 
P<tr1.),>..p<n«(H.C.) IBIB xliit.4SS. 10!>a. 1111. M 
IHM-S XXX. and asii.. 1886 nv. e. 4883. 1887 V 
viis, c. aoao, XIX c. SIOS, I888 xxxv.&^MA; 
Fovtar'a Alunitii Oaon.. SaronoiaKo ("■▼■ 'Hita- 
lur'Vaml Iiido» l'kcl»ia>ltL-uB : inlbrmiiiinn/rom 
t^ir li, G. Rflpcr, nonrtary to iho lord l-ishup and 
iicLiiiR TCKi'''trar of tho diococ of Chichotcr ; 
NtHiuB Hiid CjHsrias, 8th wr, i. 410,502; Oi?nt, 
Mftif. 181'^. pt. ii.p. S'i: »t>L'al»nOiiln)iy. January 
1873. and Catholic World, March 187».] fl 

J. M. R. ■ 

ji*iin[-al.-bLw, Iwni in 1781, was sou of H 
.iHiini-x Manning, uuitariau minister. Ki«1«r. H 
hv Lydia, dautriiter of John Kdg*" of ttristol. 
lie early acqnired a familiarity with hiatorj', 
antiquities, and tho Eiiropoan UuimiMBea, 
was callfd lo tho bnr at Lincoln* Inn 
I'S June l>^17, and went the weat^^rn piienlt, 
of which hu waa for tnjuiv venra tliu losdor. 




Bia repntatira Kcted maiulv ■■P^i* hU Uftro- 
inf . He wm no onU>r, niid Ui* ^wcn of ' 
advoCACf were «U^fat ; but u n iuiuor Ii« ob- 
UiSMl mii«Ii buuunw. BjrfaulincwW^ol 
eofkjhold Uw betecurad 4 |>enA;tUttl nlunirr 
trita tb<t lord of tW iiMDor of Tuuuton l*viux, 
SometMt, whoM righlewere the subject of 
ooatinual Htigfttion. II« rigorcd the fritnd- . 
•Up of Lcixls Broogluun uii IicamoD, kdiI i 
niidaiml tlMiD AMiNtuiC'; in tlic di-fvncv of 
Qo««« Caroline. He was uppoiutctl rccordur 
oT Sudbury Id IfW), and n-minler tifOxfurd 
mad Dwibury ui>"uvi'ioberl*y",thrfeofKceB , 
wbicli be held till biadentb. lie was rai«>-*d 
to tbv d«et<rc of ■ Eor|eant-ht-law ID tV'b, | 
IMI), RceiTcvt n pctimt of proccdencB April i 
1d(6i Mid WM madv qutxa'a ancient w^c-ant 
in l£tl6. Tlua dirnity, icvirod at b!e own 
•ujncMtioR, after a lonKintrnral nf domancTi 
vBUtUdbim to a war mthe IIoud« utljamn, 
«r ^fido, bul gAve liim aa n^bl of «punkiu^, 
■nlon consullcd, or of voting. He became , 
judge of the Whilrcbnpi'l County Court in 
March 1^47, from which hf reiined id Fe- ' 
bruanr li-413 on a in-iuion of TOO/, He dii-d at 
44 PhilliiD'itv nanlrna, Ki.-n>iti|;ton, London, 
on 'J^ AuR. li^ftS. Ili5 wax Iwio- marrii-d : \ 
Ant. OB 7 Sepi. I'l^O, lo Clarliaa. daufthter i 
of William ralmi-r of Kimbotton, Ilurefonl- 
thin (abr died lA I>^. IS17. a^^d 51); and 
aMoodly.on 31>«>c. 1^57.toCba^tot^e.d2Uirh- 
terof Ii«»cdollrof Lejion.Kwex.nnd nidow 
of William Spv'ir, M.[>., uf Calmtls (abd died 
1 Apnl |H7I(. 

Manning waa tbn author of: I. 'A Di* 
«ated Index to ihu NiMr IViim IlnjjOTt* of T. 
Peake.I. K«piaaMe,aud LnrdCaiupbHl.with 
?<ol«Band lUfenDOec; 18U. -J. 'The Prao 
tira of tb*> t^xchoquer of PIgai, Appendii,' 
1»1». 3. 'A !)ii:<'<itoftheNisil*riiisR«-ponH, 
with NolM and IW.tpupm.' IHi'd. i. -The 
Prartioe of th« Court »f F:»-b<y|ui-r. K'-wnito 
BruMrh,' \>*i7, wilh un appi>ndi\ cinlnintn^ 
•n inqairi,' into ib« tsDuru of thii nunvitii- 
liaOMTy eitMe* in Cornwall, IS27, fl, ' Ser- , 
Tiena ad l^f^tn : a Kepon of Pmceedinfr* i 
... in nlntinn to a Warrant for tb« Sup- | 
pMMJon of ih« Antif<ni Privileges of the i 
S«9i<antMil<Ijiw,' I -at). 6. ' Cum in the , 
Court ofComni'iD Pli-iw, I H41 -6,' 7 vols, (witb 
T. C Oran^r). 7. * tlhtf^rratiana on th» | 
Debate to mah<^ lawful MamagM within eat- , 
Uin of tb«> Prohibitwl Oef[T«M of Affinitf,* 
18&4. H. 'An Inquirr into th« Cbaract«r 
ftttil Orif;iB of th« Po«M!a«i\-« Au^^ent in 
£of(li*h nod in coi^nat* UiaWts,' lUfH. 
9. *Thouf[ht4 upon Subjeet'i connected with 
Parliaaentarj lUform ,'186(1. With Arclier 
Ryland b« wn»i> ID. ' Reports of Omm in 
1938-87/6 ToU. With T. C. Onutger and 

J. SoOtt he wrote 11. 'Comaon Bencli Ito- 
ports, It40-fi7; e viAf-. 

[LawMag.andUwit«new, iwe, xiii. t7(; 
Law Timca, lttS6, x!i. 't;, mi.] O. C. B. 

MANNING, MAKIE(l*:^2l-ItU9).niur- 
def«!s*, whojw maiden nemij waa Marif d« 
Koui, wiw bom at I^iifianne, ^jtvitzcrlnnd, 
in ixSI, luid onifirad don3i>»tic «<.-rvicc in 
l-:n^!and. .\t fintt maid to I.«dy Vaik of 
Maldon IIoiit«, Hi'von-Hbirc, «hi^ mt«red the 
norvie- of I.adv Hliintvre at i<t«tford IIoum 
in tM4K,and fn 27 Jlay 1817 St. 
JnmcB'a Cliurcb, Piccadilly, FrcJtrick Ocorn 
.Manning, a pablicAn. ^he had previouiur 
nude ih* actjuitininnc^ of I'alriokU'Cvnnur, 
a gauKor in the London Doclu, and tlilh 
fn<:udabip wna continued after her marriaiti;- 
Un 9 Aujr- 1^1*' O'Connor dined wirh the 
.Matmin^aat thrir housv, 3 Minitvr VXitev, 
R<TnioiicW>y. llunbuud and wilV, a^^cortlinp 
tu a preconcertod plan, lh(U«upr>n uiurd<'rcil 
their gu«t1 and biirit-d bin bodv under the 
fljBgtloniM in tb- kitchen. On ihu Mtm>f day 
Mn. ManninK visited O'Connor's lodginitB, 
(ireenwooil Htrei-I, Milir End Itoaii, and r^ 
ptiated the vi^C iittxt dnr, nlealingthu dead 
niau'e nilwav acrip and mimey. Tlii^ police 
on 17 Aug. uiai^ov'tTO'd O'Connor'* ramiuiia, 
and mon after appn^htiided his murdtmn. 
Ther were tried at the Uld Hailev on 3o and 
:H1 0(^t., found Ruilty.and executed at ]Ioniv> 
mongitr I^aub tinol on 13 Nov. Mrs. Man- 
ning won? n black nntin i\rcta un the acaffold, 
a faci which cuuHed that uatariBl to bocoma 
unpopular far many ynan). CbaHes Diclnns 
wrolf n letter to the ■ TiuKw'on ttwwickad* 
ncsft and leviiy of the mob during thuu»> 
cutton. ^rademoiiiello IIortt-n.'^F, Lady Dwl> 
lock'n wnitinjr-woman in'itleak UouM,'waa 
«UKgi-)it<H) to Dickens by Mrs. Manning's 

[Tinier 18 Auk- I84f et irq.. 26. 37, and 
39 Oct.; Ontml Oriatlaal Co<irI, Minoli* uf 
Kvidan^a, 1 849. nx. 084-79; Crl«l>rB,t*d <.Viroiw 
and Criminala, lSUO,i>p. f 1-7S: Dotwid XirolI'» 
Mao'i Revooge. IftBU. pp. TI-KS; C. Diek^na's 
Th* S1017 of bia Lift. i»7a. p. -JI4 : Hoieh't 
Progn«a of Crine. ISIU, wlib parunU ; Trial 
of Q. nod U. Mauoing. 1$19, witb pDrtnila.! 

^. C. B. 

VANNINO, OWES (1721-1801), tlw 
historian of Surrey, son of Owen Ijannim 
of Oriingbury, Northamptonstiiro. wa* bom 
tbereon II Aug. (OS.) 17:^1, and rec«ivi>d 
his fdiicatgon at Ijucf^n C-^Ui'^,, ('am bridge, 
whore h^^ gradtinled H.A. in 1740, M.A. in 
1744, andB.D-in II.^'J. While an undei- 
graduatc h« nearly tuecumUjd to smiill-|wx, 
and was at onv period of the attack actually 
laid out for ini«nnent. ]1« wu elected is 




1711 to a I'ellawaliip wliidi carried with it 
tile livin); of SL llololpli. Cam bridge. He 
relaintKt bnrh llie^p )>ri.'f^nnoTiU until he 
mniriwl in ["'jS. Up wm chsjilRin It Dr. 
Thomru, bishop of Linroln, wbocoUut^d him 
to thn prebend orHonib Scurlit in tho eliurch 
ofLincolii, 6 Aii0. 17'>7, nnd on lA MnrcU 
1760 to that of Milton Eeelesia. in tho ia.m» 
ohuTcli, c'uniistin^ of ihv JmTjroprintion and 
advowson of the cliuri^h of Jliliftn, Ojtfiwd- 
»hii»(l,B Neve, Ftitti. 4^. HnrdT, ii. 1&8, 
tXi'}. InlTftlhfi w««pr**ent«l by i>r. Grwn, 
ditnn of SaliabaiT, tf* thf vir-Arajjo fif (iodnl- 
inin.(t, Siirwv, whpm lio rr'sidi^d till hi«d<-nlli. 
In 17(iH bi!\vn« pri'H-nt'T.i l»v Vincrmnt .Midln- 
toti to thf n-eiflrv- tt Pfiiptir Iliiiroiv, an nd- 
iuiuingpamli. Hi; wivn-Iw-t'-d F.It.S, Itl Tin-. 
ire:, «iid K-S.A. in 1770. Urdi^^d nt Ga<U.l- 
mintc on Sept. 1801. Ills porlEJiioU'^ra 
placed a haTid^iue marbiv lal>lel to Lis 
Divmorj in th» church, and soiue private 
fritttids put an inscriptioti ou a headslane ia 
tho cliurchynrd {//»>/. t/fSuiTeg, i.&lO). 

Br Oatliorinu, his wife, dautrUtc^r of Mr. 
RoMQ Foacock,Bqnalivr,niLTccr, of Hunting 
don, bo bad time tionit and lin? dnuiflitim, 
all of whi'm survived liim uscupl Oporpj 
Owen Manning', hia e\Ae»r sou (BA. of 
Cjuoeus' Colkipe, Ciimbriiipi!, 17'Hi, ond one 
of thv douehti'n, who dipil yoiint;. 

From Ills first Mctllonu-nt in f*urrpy he em- 

Cloyrd him.'"'lf in nraowine matcriiitB for a 
initir^' ijf ibnt cniiitv, but lie didnot n-^ird 
his nilli"!i-tioii." an Hiillicifndj" r'iin]iU'lr for 
puldicaiion, and a Ifiial Iijm of flight jin,— 
vented him from lucinir ilicm priniitiimdfj 
his own inspoclioR. Tno matiUM'riutJ Wfre 
eveiiiuolly rntrijcted to the can* of Williaiu 
Brnr [q. r.j ihr.- antiqiiftrj. wtm published 
thfm, with Inr^*- iidd 111011,1 and n continua- 
tion by liimx^U, hr the himrfit nf Manning'^ 
widow, under thu tirle at •T\in HinHiry and 
Anti<iiiitipn of tho Counry of Sdrn-y, with 
a faciimile Copy of Li&mcsday, r'nirriivi<d mi 
thirteen Pialfj',' thn-e mnuTiiilei-nt virlmuiM, 
Lnndon. I80M»-14, fol. It is one of ibi- be»l 
of oiir county birtnritfii. [n the Itritish Mu- 
•niim Th*-r>' ii n. i^iimptuniiP copy.'illiiBtroled 
by upward* (if «ix thniiKiind ilrnwitips, prints, 
niftpA.and ]jl.ani>: ivntrnitk, urchilvL'tiirnl ntid 
other di>lmefliiim« iif thi' cluindiej", motiaMtic 
•>difices,aiidoiduiaDot>hnu«»«, pe(li(iriW9i,aml 
hemldie litKimtia of familit-V Jte., '.V> vnU. 
T.iindnn. If*-!". I'ol. (a cnllwiion fiirniLtl hy 
Kifhxril I'lircivid i. Tiicre app^annlat London 
in |HI». fill., 'Til" KiTloBia-'ticftlTopoprnphy 
of lUi- Cuniitynf SiirTi'y.i*i>iiliuiiiiiK Vi^wsof 
Cbun^lit** in Ihni County (to ilhimrato iVIan- 
ninir and Br«y'« llUlory of Surrey), drawn 
by Hill and ti'nfjTavifl hv I*i>ali.' 

Mnnninf; mmpk'ted tho Saxon dictionary 

of lii« fiiond tho Efitv. Edvanl L^-v,aDd pib- 
liahed it under tbi> litk^ »f ■ l^ictionariutn 
Saxonico t:^ nutliifM>- Latin uid. Acoedunt 
b>Hginent* Vt-ntioms Ulphilana>, oecnoa 
Upiiscula anndam Anj^lo-Saxoniea. Gdidil, 
illngtrnvir, et Gramtnaticsm utniiMiu* Lin- 
frui" prnptnivit Uw«in Maiinin{r,'*J thIa. I.rtndon, 
177^, fol. ]li< alK[> tranitiiti'd iind ann-otfllMi 
'Tlii> Will of Kinjf Alfred,' frnm ihoorigiiULl 
in Thonuui Ajtli?« libmn-; ihi^ wm nnntcd 
in 178R, undi-r the i;dilontliii) of Sir llorWrt 
Crofi [■!«! AsTU^ Tnouxsj. 

[Memmr pri-flxral to val, i, of tho lliatory of 
SuiTfj'; NicboU'f Lit. Anucd. Tii. 2l3. ix. 4*5, 

x.C'i'i, Nicliula'* niiMlf. Lil. (iiiiUi) ; lAtwiult»'» Mun. (Buhu}, pp. 29, \*n.\*61,-. Oent. 
Xiif(. 181)1. pp SG.S. Q5B : Aildit. M^. a»as f. 
2iG, .i«i» IT- JTS. .'Mil. Mia f. S7.1 T. C. 

MANNING, KUKliUTirf. iran.catbo-lic 
Contrtivcrc<inli(<l, ws8 educated in the Knf^lioh 
College at Douay, and hi: wac fi^r some timt 
profcnor of humanity aud philoouphv tliere, 
AftcmardH hv wan iwnt to tli*; Sngliab 
miaiiion, and uompoBud vuriijuo couLrovOT- 
sial trMttiueo, vr iiicu, cava Doild, werw ' much 
oslvemed by the leanieil i>u ticcouut of their 
easy flowinjr eiyle.' lie apj>«arB to Loyo been 
chaplain to l<ord Peirc, baron of ^Vrittlo, to 
whowi family, an he rptniiflt.'', hf ww indebted 
for all he i>o»H'»wd in this world. He died 
in R'w.x on 4 March (O.S.) I73CI-1. 

Hin works aiv: 1. 'Tbe .■Oiorlcet Way to 
end dinpuo-ji about l!i-lit;i<)ii- Tbi; Answer 
to all OlijectioMA Hifainsi Infallibility con- 
tajnt-d in a booli ei^tUled The t'a*e Siaied' 
(between the Church of Ilome and the Church 
of Kiiclund. IJy C. Leelic). Two p«uT«, 
RruHcU, Antwerp, l7lft.ft\'o;Biiothcr«IitioB, 
BruEwln, 1710. '^vii. Til thiOatlvmlitinn tho 
nrratu arv i:<irrr>ctiHl and part ii. ia witbotit 
l.itlt^ptjjfi' ; rt'printvd, PuDlin. 1^7, 12mo. 
A reply iip|><<arud under the title of 'A 
Treiitise of Infallibility . . . Hy a Prcsbrier 
of the stifforiiifi' Church of Scotland,' Edin-a 
burf[h, 1761'. hvo. •_'. ' Modem Controvoiay; 
or. a plain and ratii>nul .\ccotinl ofthttCatbn- 
lici< Fiiiili: in ihr.-.- piirt«; 1720, Hri>. 3. 'The 
('(im- Stated Ijclwci-n tin- Church of Rome 
and thin Ohurrh of Knjfland, in s acv^ind 
Convuntatifui liHwixT. a Itoman rathoUck 
I^Til and a Gentleman of the Clinrch of 
F.TiKland." ««* loci, 1721, Svo (anon.^; re- 
printed, with an nddreas by Kicbanl Coyne, 
under the title of 'Tho ci'ii*brrtted An«wi»rta 
tho Rov.C. l^eelcy'n Oa«i' . . . printud vratd 
for word, and refnti-ilinvHti'nC" ahwr wnlence,' 
Dublin, XKii) luid IK42, llimn. 4. -EnKlBnd'H 
Convi-wiiin and R.-fiinmil ion i^omimnxl.or tho 
Yonng G i-n I leman direrted in tin- Chniceof hia 
Religion' (anon.), Antwerp, 1726, Svo; re- 


printed, Belfut, 1817, 8vo; tint AmeTieon 
edition. Lftucuier. 1^13, U'mo. A rvplv by 
JoMpliTrapp.l>.l.>.,a|ip«ttrpd uD(l«rili«titl«of 
'Tb6 Uliurcli of KnffUnd d«f«ndecl uunst the 
Oklonuuenuui I'aUa It«nMnii>|^oftn«Chtii«li 
of Roni«,' I^ndnn, 17^, Kto. Thi« elicited 
from .Mxaauig &. ' A SitucLo Combat, or per- 
Moal dupulc bftwcvn Mr. Trnpp uod bis 
•noD^rmcus uit«goai«t . . . Wlielber Hr. 
Triipp or tilt Autbor [of ' Kuftimid'ft Conver- 
sion «Tid Itcfunuatli'D conipnrt-il'] lia» writ 
DODseDsaP* Anlwerit, Uftf, Bro. 6. 'The 
Bieo ani F&ll of the Qcivsj- of Icoiioclutf , 
or IiDKc-UfMliera. Beio^ k brief Ili-IiLtiou 
of Ibc LivM Knd Dcatlu oi tlioae Kinpt-rurs of 
Um Eut, vbo Gnt- net it itp . . . or . . . 
opfxWd il. Froui tlji- veur 717 to St!7, Col- 
l«cti!db]rK. M.,' I/juduD, lTi)l,Svo(cf..V4df« 
Mid Qurne*. 4rli aer. i. ^i). 7. ' Mornl Eii- 
t«nauuo«au on the most !iat>onAiit Prac- 
tical TriitlM of tho Ohriel inn lErlig^iou,' 3 toU. 
London, li-tSilSmo. l>cdicntcdtoI'i)nllVtm. 
A ponbtuiUHUi pulilicntioD. A tn:ulis? 'Of 
Dgvotton to the BlnMxl Virgin Murv/wt- 
tnuii<.-d fntm thitt work, wae publiabed at 
London, 17^, i'2ma. 

fDuld's Cbiirpli ITirt. ill. 4S8 ; aillnw's BiU. 
Din, Tol. i- FwiM* p. sill ; Oti. of Litmr}' of 
Trin. Coll. Ihiiitin ; Nol«> «id Qneriat, tn Mr 
Xi. 38] T. C. 

MANNING. SAML'ELid. mr>,8culp- 
tor, is perhaps ideniicAl with S. Manning, 
JDB., vbo ID 1^013 exhibiuil at the- Royal 
Acadomjrk modt'Iof n \Tiiitig HAy. Ilvwiu 
poMiblf tlicfnnof ('liarli-d Mmininicwnilntor, 
«rbo i>xbi>>it)>d at tlui Iiii,viLl Aciuieiuy troai 
ISOt to Itil'J, and Bp|tean to hare died in 
Unt v>«r or Llie next, u tn IS13 an engnv- 

I ol llii? monumeRl to Captain llardin^rc in 
PaiU'« Calliednil, executed by Planning, 
publi^ed bvi^Arnb .Manning, pnitnibly 
bit widow. SacDuel Mnitning wh< a pupil 
Bnd aMistant of Juhn llaroii tbn >Dii[iit«r, 
■nd Bnist4Nl in nr <'iirriMl out miiiir of biti 
imrka. Amunir tln-so tuny lie noled the 
monnniiTRt oi ViuKii JIaMinps in West- 
tniiui^r .'Vbbi-y, for wbich MnBining did the 
buoi, and ^ome raemorinl tUtw to the .Met- 
««lfe family in llawMt-ad Churcli, HulfDtk. 
In IRll* Mi'irninj sent a bunt tn tli" lE'iyjil 
Acadt'tny, in IHWn Ktaltm iif tli>- rrim-niu 
CbnclnttV'. nnd in ]S'J^ m inoili-l of n atiitiio of 
John W.nli-y. TliiTi'trfilret' mnnumi'iital 
«lah« by bim in St. Pniir« Cnllifiilru], Man- 
BiM diH in 1817, leaving a son, 

^MVEL Mak^I^u the yadnftcT ( jtf. IKJO), 
vlw bf^on to pnutiM nndcliinff in l8St>. 
In 1830 he raeeired n prvroiam fmin thu 
Soewty of Art* litr a ouidvl of n iHuit fmm 
tb* onliiuo, in 1631 a prominm for a bn« 

from tholir(<,aTidiBl«S3th«goldnedilfl>ra 
miwlulof netatueof ]*roinerbaiu, TbiaMatne 
he nubsHjuontly i-xecntwl in inarbl«,And ex- 
bilMlod Ht the lt'^v•l Acttrli'my in IS4.'i. It 
TTBs engntvnd by ll. HoII in ilic 'Art Union' 
for 1846. On 13 Auff. 184(1 ha inamed 
Llonoria, daug^blvr 4f Captain JuDt* Wil> 

[RedKniTc'iDict.ofdi1iata; Art Union, IMC, 
p. 528; HpyiU Acndsmy OitaloKUo* : GcRuldag. 
1849, pt. ii. p. fitfS ; infomuilioii from ilia R«r. 
Lnoliu Meri>r,] L. C. 

baptist miniitor, wna bnin nl I.i-icMtvr in 
18^*2. Hi* fiitlirr, who voM tcvcrnl tlmos 
niB-yor of Li^iccsccr, acted for many year* m 
cbiircbwarden of Hi. Mnrtin'a Inlbat town* 
but etibt^ri'ieiitly \v{l thvchtin^bof Kn^land, 
nnd will] bi» familv »ll«ude«i the raiulel^yoC 
Mr. MiincU, n w>^0-linown bajiliat preacaer> 
Aftcrashurt bii&iu«ee career in Lirvrpooil, 
MnaningL'Utorvdinlb-U) the BnptittColli^ 
ul Bristol. £n 1646, Iiaring conipU-lvd hu 
edtictttiou at Olaagow I'Dlvcraity, uu bv-coma 
a baptist uuui»lcr at Siicppnrd'n Barton, 
I'rotuu, Suid<!Tih:I, where liu rvtuoiu^HJ until 
l':^!. UurinicliiD putonta lie coutributud 
largely to donominnlional aa well ns tu )>tniL'- 
rnl litoraturi', uud yfoi for somt' years uditar 
vf Ibv ' lEapiUt Mag)Lziii«.' In IBti:} ho hv- 
CAine tbo ^ncral booki-dilor ofthi- R«^ligious 
Trod BcKivtf.ancI when, in lH"f5, it viis lo- 
mlved that in fiitiin! ihiTr alioiilil he two 
eecreCaHtia uf tlm aucit-ty, MiuininE was 
unanimcuely chosen otii- of ili^m. tie died 
at S!i Lndbrobe OrOTe, London, on 13 Sept. 
1 8l*l. lie hod fr™ nently rcfust-d an offer of 
tic degrwe of D.D., but a iVw yutrs befors 
Ilia drntli lie ncci.-^lf(l tbi; diploma of LL.D. 
frtm ibi- iitiivt-rMlv «f Cliiniipi- 

Mniiniujc I'liiitriliiitct] to 'Thi- Churcli' It 
aeries of puponi ralii'tl ' Infiddity ti-.ited by 
Fact,' reiutut'd in bfink form in lisnO; edited 
selections from llie ' I'rose ^Tilings ' of 
John Millon (186-J(; anil projeeled the well- 
knon'D series of i11ii»trateil boiik^ of inTel 
pnblished by the lieligiou* Tnct Society. 

IGuaTdian. 21.'^pl ISSI.p. 1.109; Dwktotler, 
6 0«^. 1681, p. 8Bfi i IhpUM Xig. Kiiu. -I?!).] 

O. O. 

MANNING, THOMAS (]7?*-lftiO), 
traveller and friend of L'harlef Ijimb, bom 
at Broome, \orfolk, 8 Nor. 1772. wns the 
necind son of the H»v, Willjnn) Manning, 
eiicceB«irely reMor of Krviine and Disf, who 
died at I>ia* on 29 Nov. |K||), ap'd 77, by 
biit wifi' F.liinbntli, only rhitd of I bo Riiv, 
A^'illiBm .\dam*, nvtor of R<d1<'«by iu tbe 
Miino countT, wliA di<'d at iJiM on 2.'<JaB. 
178^, ag«d S-l. His eld«r brother, WUliain, 

wtwcdaoiUd at the graiiiinarBcbool, Biirj* 
St. Ednmnds: bui Thomas, ilirniigti ill- 
•hoalib, was iniine<l for rhv iitiivernir.y in hU 
fether'a Kctorv. Il>.> mn1riciil)Lti-il nt Oiihts 
CollegB, Cainbridg", in ITSlO, where Itis liru- 
tJuT, dftiTwiinl" II ft-lldw liwd tiitor.liad pre- 
cedoil iiim (fin/. .\fa</. IHoT. pi. i. p. 9154 ), 
Liiil piiin«iiiu<l H «duilw oil llie foandmion 
fwm Micliat^lniaB 1790 lo ljMdy-d»y 17',Wj, 
&]>pl\iri); himsi?)f eaKi'riy to llie study nf 
matfieinatk's. Itiit lie objected lo cintlix nttd 
t«BCs,ftnd did not. take hisiiegree. He n'miiiiiiMl 
wusfrkmdly wiUi i'-iiriuin.nnd in tlu-nutiiiun 
nf I71W mildij tliH MrijuiiiiitiineK nf Cbarkis 
I^mh, tlirmijib tlw itiiroduciion of Charles 
Llayd [q. v.j Mfloiiiuf* is mentioiu'd in tlie 
' £bbbj( of Eiia ■ (in t b* ' Old and Xew Scbodl- 
nucar') ua ' my friend M., wlio wilh jiri'iit. 
painstakinppot me to think 1 iindiiniiodi! tlii- 
firat propiwitioii in Enclid, bm sa.v« mo ovi>r 
in d.ispftir nt tho si'eond.' W hilt tit (7iim- 
hridffp hfi frrnw intcmattid in tlie strueture of 
thi* Chinn»i' lany ttiige, nnd he utd*nlly desired 
to ntutly the mord] and social characterialics 
of (he Chinose. He proceeded to I'nrin in 
1800, and for iii'if* (liiiii threP y'ftn) atudied 
Chiiie8i> tmder Dr. Ilu^'nn nnd in the Na- 
tional Library. 'I'lieri: he becnine frioiidly 
with siM-iirfil »cii'iitifiii inquirfiw, and espft- 
eiolly w-itb Oarnot, tfl whom lie c-Mnmuiii- 
catvd miiuv ideas adtrwnrd* incjrp.i ruled 
by C'ttrnol iii Iiis treatieos (Jii/y. I'nir, ixvi. 
882— tj. After ibe broukiii); out nf war biv 
Iwtien l''n»nei» ami Kn^lniid In IH().'[, tin' rf- 
tp«ct wliicb Caruot and TullcyruiKl Imd for 
Uunning'fl plans induced tbom to wilJcil 
Nb|")1t(>ii lo ({rant him leave tci rcluni to 
£iif[luud, and Lib paB»port wiui tbc only otm 
wliJL-b wit» »it,'iii:!d by lUe eio|>trjir. lie Lu- 
tviiij(-d to liavt- proceeded from hia own 
couul^ to Uufa^ia, and ibenci.- to L'biiui if 
poMible bylbu norlb, but si>aa found that 
ho could not pirrfvct liimndf iu ChinrfH^ 
wbiW in Kntrl'ind, mid di-t^cnnint'd, iii sinlt; 
of tilt! amii'iil of (')iitrl>:n Lamb, to du'cll at 
Canton Sot thai piirptfe. Tlie tbeorj- nf 
modtcine had iniiK tmt'u familiar to liim, and 
for six months Ix-forn May IKHi he attetidi'd 
its pTueticc, niiiinlv at ibe Westininal-er 
Uosmttil. On ;irMny 180(1 Sir Josc-pli 
Bantio, iifl prrviiilrnl i>f the Iloval Socict)-, 
addn'jiBi'd a IrtiiT in tin- runrl. ot din-ctont of 
ihi- I'iftni Indiii Ctiiiijiaiiy, Mip|)iirtitt|r Mnn- 
ninir'!* ftii|ilicali(>n to In' ullowed In pmcfed 
to Canton as a dncior, Tlie prmri thereupon 
gAve bini a free pasMKc nnd ordered that he 
tilioiild livr in ihc Knaliah factnry. Nest lit- ipiittHl England, wlicn. writ^i 
Mary Lu-mb, ' the ln«» nf .Slnnnitiff mndo 
Charles very dull' (W. Uazi.itt, .\ffmoir», 


i. i&6), and in 1607 be arrivod at Caatoa. 
Tic mu'Ic Fevcral unsuctutMful atlempt^ to 
p«-n*Finne into Ibe interior of China, and 
wiih lb«»in|flr rxciTption nf avixit lo Cochin 
Obinii, tn T'^diniiiry IHOH, he rninaintnl at 
Caiitini until 1810. Early in iJut y«ar hif 
went lo Cdlciitia, with a Tecomineudaiioa 
from the sek-ei committee nt Canton lo Lord 
Miulo. the govenior-gvneral. and after b few 
moiittis' lionising in a xociely n-bi<rh wan 
Htiracttid by hii' Mnwiii^ lH.<ard, bin ircr>^ritri> 
cily of ilniM and inuiiiirr, nnd hy hii Invi- nf 
biinliT nnd jiamdox, jirtm^oded, nillumt any 
aid from ihv ^tm-nitm'Ht, and with a ftinglt^ 
CbiiieKe .4t>rvaiLt, to ItaiiKpur on a journey 
(u LbaAa. lie entered Bhutan by the Eakbi 
Dusr in September 1811. and reached Pari- 
"onp, on the frontier of Tibul. on SO UcU 
"■hoiv ItD faand a Chincw iri-'ierBl wit li i ronpa, 
tmrnnofwhoinbAcnriiilof illtii'W, and in thnir 
(vignpiiny hi! Irnvelli'd, iih u ini^dirjil man, to 
Lhain (IWi^mbcT IHll i, k'inft tJi* firtt, and 
fiur tnany yeam tb« moI«, ICnf^U.^ihinan loent«r 
the holy city, lie rumuint'd in it for some 
moot ha, but under peremptory orders from 
Peking was sent bark to India, Icnvin); 
lilinsn on 19 April IMIL', AnA arriving *t 
(Jakulta ill thn cnjding aumnn«r. In thic 
enterprise he di»plnvfd grt^t conmgu and 
envTf^; hut b« WBii ot tirooa ' ijuifk tem- 

?trf*landimi)Tud«>nt.' ManmT»([ wrote from 
udia to Ur. Murfbuian a' Iouk and InterMt- 
\vHf narrative ' of tbia journey, wUi<?h la now 
lost j but the iucidentH of thii i-xpr4i|ion 
ivirri- {oII'hI di>wn bv hiin day by dav in a 
roueli notL'book, 'n'hi'ch war copit.'d out fair 
liv lii» sister and prinltHl by Mr. C. H. 
jtiirUhuni, C.B.,l'".K.fe., with an introducton- 
nicmoir, in 18'd. To tbu officialii at Cal- 
cutta lit dfcltiied to CL'*^ any particularfl of 
the travel, and be proceeded ouce more lo 
Cunlou lo dwell in tho facton.'. In ll^lt) 
Manning consented to accompany l^rd Am- 
hirst's cmbawy to Pckinft a? junior aocre- 
tary nnd intiiriiruti-r, but wliL-n Iw joined Ibw 

Iiarly Lord .\mlxTnt obJrcl''d lo bis ftijwintt 
i''iii'd us ' iucoiiKruinia ' in a Kril'ish enibaaay, 
llirioitb ihc (djjiTti'lii wiia abaiidoued on the 
refiisalof Sirlii"ur;j!uStnuntim to p) without 
tiim. On tbt' toniilnation af llic embaMV ho 
started h-omcwrird in the Alcwtc, but tho 
dliip WflP wroL'lsed nonr Sandn on l" Fob. 
IftlT, nnil tlir j|Mi».Tiigcrs wt-n- taken to St. 
Hfli-nain the liillowiait; diilv, wbi-ii in wry 
Luii]iy laiijriiaH'' '"' n'mindwl tbi' fiillnn ein- 

Etror of tlif jiiLMport which be had jnranled 
im. lie returned to England a dJMippoinled 
tnnn, qiiitted ilA sIiotfh in Au|{ii»t IHJ7 for a 
viiitotlwoyiMirB tolmly.niiil then f'tiiniccl 
(o livB in Btriot rot ireuK'ni. first at Hexler in 
Kent, and afterwards al u cottag*' c3uI(k1 





Onafp! OrOTc, uvnr Uarllunl. XLv tivu»i; 
wu new fnniii-livdi wid Mnnuin^ lived m 
> VIM library ufCbioHMbcHilu.bui iliucbarm 
of bis converutton attracted manv visiion, 
iadodiiigtaiDwtcrcof the crown nDathcrhicr 
HMD ot Ittttcn^ In 1 1^ he irnfi nifl ictcd with 
a pftraljrticttrolu:. whii-li Jioabli^d lii.-> r\^iLt 
bniul, aad toMcure licttcj- mediral ftdeniion 
lie reraored to llath { but Wore luaviiiK liia 
nntaiiBhe plucked out the whole of Igiabennl 
bjr the ronra. Up died at Itaih of apopluxv 
(m2Ma7l840,ttnd W8S buried in the Abbe? 
Churcfa on S ilny. Though he never mudc 
nucli pnMTnM in col!iK|iiinl Chinc'H-. lie wun 
iiM>t«r of it« davtinil licrniTun-, mid nu 
oun^d^rcdtlicltnil.r'hintwi-ticbolur ill Kiinijic 
{Friautof /inrf/a. 30 Julv Iff-ll). i,. »)*2). 

Manning wroce 'An IiitnHJiiciinii t« 
Arithmelic and Al^r^bra,' CambTidue, 1796; 
Tol. ii. Ciuiibrid^\ I7HH: 'An Iiiv»lif^tion 
of m nifirniilial Scriw.' included in Mn- 
tefv»n ' ATiiiton-* l,ng:nrithniici.' vi. 47 -Hi; ; 
ftnil 'A Npur Mfilirid of Ouniiuiine Iiofni- 
rilJimt. ' ( ■ Pliilm. Tnnm.' I8()li, jip- S2r-ll). 
He it laid to liava reviki^l ilie {iniof-tiheKU 
of tlie ' ItejiOTr* on the I'oor l.nws.' nnd on 
hia rvtuni in \'*\7 to bnve drFiirn up a jiaper 
on the coDiaiDjiiion of teu iu Itliucaa. Tibet. 
BodTaTtttiy. His ilRwri|>ti'>n of lh>> moile 
of propanD^ iw in Til>«^ i" in Samin-l JijiH'* 
'Account »r T«tt in (^hmn,' 1K4M. p. WHt. 
He waa familiar with tint^-ii lauguii^i-K, mid 
kia manuigriiit JMpcn and priiii^d bixihs 
wen giren hy his farolher lo tbi> Uoval 
Asiatic Societf. The bogks were to be pre- 
KTVfd rn n Hjinrnie case, nnd n rJiiidoeue of 
tbrro wiiB undertaken by Mr. Sjimiicl Hall 
{Aim. Hry. Mny IfUI, |i. vi). The (?dition 
of Charbai IjimVi' li-tl^ra by riitxm Ainfri^r 
Goataifu in the lexi and nott-ii uU hix li'Dtmi 
to ManninfT. mtithI of vhicb liail not been 

!>rinted beforo. The ' niuprtiition tip«>n 
tout I'ig* b^fpns with a reference to a 
(^tBM« maniiwrript, which 'toy friend >I. 
wu obligtnf; vnouffh to n^id and vxplnin to 
Bur.' M*nnin;r 'n-nt Ac^uatntod with H«nry 
Crabb ICobinuin, and i« loineliioM nentiontMl 
it) hia ' Diar\-.' 

JMnnoir by C. R.>Urkbiim, cw).; ticnl.Moc. 
/IJIfl, pp.07-ltin. I'tA. J. Dunkin; Nutm 
MM QM«ri««, 3nd Mr. x. 143^1, fith ■or. iii. 37*J; 
P»ier Aabfr'a Cb-na. pp. '^18-1^3; HulilVN Xi- 
m»iri«rW. Hariiu.!. 138.143: tJKayi ufKIU. 
pd. Ainsn*. pp 67. 184. MS : Lrtirm of Lninh, 
ed.Ain^or. i, 3:fl . infurmjuinn frnni his nepliev, 
the Rot. O. It, M.>iinirib- of !»j»..l W. P. C 

Mect«d Biii]i«tt-r. vta#bi>m,pn>bubly iti ICmvx, 
About 1S90. II* wn* OHO t>f tlir"-' lirollitTe, 
«U holdii^ trcneliM-s lill the UuifomiiTy Act 
nf l^SS, and rnvmbcre. K-hil« bcaoltccd, of 

«nti{^r>v!iti'>uiil cUurube*; Jiihu (if.IOSJ),wlio 
trttn.d Lmuiiiuuel L'olleKe, llauibrlder, in 
1*>^3, uod grtduiLl'ed M-A. in ItML, w'a« pcr- 
pctiuil cnrnte<>f Pi'a8'.-iihiitl,!^utli:)lL: tiamiiLd 
was |)«qii;hlul climti; of \V«lpi)lr, rfuirollt, 
Willittiu, wLo!m; plucv of ctiuoitiim i* uu- 
kuoivu 1 nut Kuiitiiinucl Oidlrf^i'), nn? perpe- 
tual curat l' of MiddUltiii.Suiriilk.ntidncrted 
for nonconformity iu HIHl', Ht- -witW at 
I'lmwnLii-ll, lUid lixjji out a lici-uce undtr tie 
■iidulgi'Dcc nf ltS7^ oa a ' con^Tefiuiiiiiuil 
ItMchi.Tin his own hcmsc'thiTc; his br^llier 
Jului, who r^niaiiind at IVtwidisIl after W 
ui«cti()ii, took out a iiimilnr lici-nx'. Calaniy 
anicri)ien Williiuii Mniini)i);iin'u mnnof creot 
abiliiiM and leaniiiiK.' In I'iMlhr published 
a small raluiue of wrumjis, liriMid in npiril, 
but evan^'lical in doctrine. He wim in lh« 
hnbilcif preaching occusioiiAlly at LowuHloft, 
8iiff(>ll(,iiiid tlii'i brought him into acquntat- 
ariifwiiliTlipnin»Kinlj-n[q.T.j. whoin 1880 
waoehaiJkiu jit IWi- HhII to Sir itoliert Hieh, 
a niemI)L-rcif iliepn-sbyti'riiiticoiigri'gnlionBt 
Lowestoft, Manning nnd Kiiilyu rcadShnr- 
lock's' Vindication" of ihi!Triuiiy(l'llH)),Hnd 
w^re both led in consequetiei- tt-i doubt that 
dnclrini'. Alanntni; soon lunde up hm mind in 
fnvjurtif Socinianiim, and argued Mronglf 
for it in liiti oorn^iodence wiib Kmlyn, 
which btipin mi Kiulyn'g removal lo Dublin 
(1691). and laitiiHl till Mnnriing'ii di>a.tb. 
Several of thi? letlt-ni iiri' pnnli'd in llio 
'Monthly Heposiiorj.' Hi^ wiinn tci 1im»h 
lo«I. no opportunity of luaUiinr eouvi-rt* to 
Ilia naw tiewi ; he succeeded in briuginu 
over M]iac> of his hearers, and endoavuored 
without viruct to giiiri aJi adherent in Jaha 
Hurrion [ij. »■]> u attulant for the ministry 
(169^)ftt Hoveninglinm, npNrWslpnle.ufter- 
vrards coiigregatioiiii) tninitler nt I^ftilna, 
Xorfolk (from 29 July 1701 >. Hi« chmf 
local opnonent was Nathaniid Piirkhumt, 
vicar of Voxford, Sutfolk. He became very 
diuif, and tlii« led btn to gire up preachinr 
(btrfori) 1 7(U), but h« rvt&iii«d an netiTo mind, 
and t«okgr#At inl«ri'iit in llieairrenl darolop- 
menttof ihrological oninii^n. He died an 
13 Feb. 1711,affo(l 81, nnd wa« buned at 
Peaecnbolt ou 16Fi>b. Ho wiia mamrd is 
ItiSJ; his wife I'Tiuilia di«d on 14 Juno 
1710, aged 80. Hih gtvat-ff randan, Wil- 
linm Mnnning of (Jraiesby, Norfolk, di^-d on 
30 Jinur IH2r>, «gpd 03. 

He puh]>#hud: 'Ualholick [teli){iDn . . . 
dtacQVcTcd in . . . eomi: lliscournutt uixni 
ActB X. sr., se; Ac. 1<»6. liJmo. 

[Cahimy'a A«iM(int. ]'I3, n. 649; Calamy'a 
Uooitinuiitioii. 1727. ii. 806: Emlyn'o Henoin. 
17411. i>p. xiii. xix aq.; Uuiilhly lUpotitury. 
lSI7pp. 377 aq^ 387 «q.. 478. 182<'i pp. 4S7. 
705 aij.. tB36 pp. 33 w|. (nb p. 33S ■ Mr. N*.' is 

SWj*ffiiKy«,'Mr. — — -'i» N*iliiinirl Hurkliuwl, 
•JJ&. J.' It (J. Junnii); Bdmnfl'ji Hint, rongr. 
Morf. and Suff., 1877. pp. 330 w^, *J8. 428 (uj. ; 

A. A. 

J87S), !eg«I writiT, Imra in IJ^OU, wm snn of 
M'iUukin UUl' Munuicf^, a Loiiduii mc^rt'ltaut, 
Bud nej'liew of JainF« MmmJiijr [«!. v.j, siT- 
jeant-al-law. IK- waa uJtu-attHl at Bristol 
uaJer l>f. f-aiit CdrpcnUT, wli.> liaJ been tl»« 
CAlluafrue of bia^nndfulltiir, Jamoi MaDniiitr* 
m the imitoriaii iuini>>trj at Esotcr. 

AlWr U-oring ecltttol 5lnnniii^ rntvrud bia 
fathurV couutiu^-linuK-, In l^iQ he puV 
Then; was tbeu jm I'jtik'linli 1rralU<^ oil tku 
eukjact (tbou^li Iburv ivcn; two by Auit.Ti- 
cana), and Mtuium^« book wna noticeable for 
ita historical method, lis appreciation of ibc 
OOmbiaatioD of llii: clbicarand ciiHtomiiry 
elemeDte in inu-mutidnul lnw,4u> wrll ns for 
thf (tl it« rtiinuiiin^ And iu artintic 
complrli'iiiait. TliK Umk nt tint nttnu^tw] 
litllr ritLentifiii, !ml. ivti.i|(ni(iun31y found UBi^ 
ful bv teitcliHru, and wiut i;ii«il as au autUority 
in ibe courts. 

The new edition, imiind in 1(^7S. wan re- 
vised and culorpi^l by Prafc«aor Btclddti 
AmuK. Manning. tWn inctipociutcd b^ ill- 
npH. nnitt' a |>ri'fiu'>-. H*' iil«u publiatwd 
' Ui^iiirkn njKiii Ki'liKioun Te«U at tlie 
Engliali ITiiiveml !«.«,' I'^ifi (iviirimed from 
•Morninft Clmmicle"). lie dieJ. nfter miicb 
aud'tring, on Ifi Not. I'iT'^. at 8 (iloucesier 
Terrace. Re^'nls Park, nyed flit. 

^Olituaij uotivc by W. II. Orpmtcr iu 
Atlivuipum, 50 Kov. 1878; Standard, l» Sot. 
1878, Util. Mil*. U. Lk U. X. 

MANMINOHAM. JOHN (</. ]622>, 
dia rill, was «aii of ICobi^rt MnnniiiRluiDi of 
Fen Drayton, (.'ninbrtdgvsbire, by bis wife 
Joan. iIiiiiglil4T of .liilm Fi^hor of IJiedlow, 
Backinghninxbiro. l>n UI ,Mnrr)i lijH7— ^ lie 
wuMiteri'i) n Kl.iidcnl iti tin' MiddliiTi'injiKi, 
and on 7 Juiii! ItHITt In- uiix uiiltiid to tlii> A"- 

Swiof an utter barri»i»T. A fvllow-Htudimt, 
iward, ion of Willimii ("iirll and brother 
of Wnlrer Curll Vi. v.j, nft'.TWfirdi* biahop of 
"tt'incbMtor. olilmncd for bini ibe po« of 
audit iir of thiir«iirl "f wnrde. Wt wns alfto 
bflfri ''tided by n disiiinl. n>lnt.ivi>, Ilichnrd 
Manningbiim, wlio, tuini nt ^t, Alban* in 
16SI>,tniideA fortuni! in London ae n memrr, 
and in liia old n^io retired to Itriidbnunin, nenr 
Mai<Uione. Kiebard Manninftbnin died ^m 
S5 April 161 1, and wfti buried in KAdt Mulling 
OJiiirch, wlM>r>' John Maiinin^hani erocrwl a 
moniim<>iir in biii m^'niory. To Joliii, lii» sulu 
oxMutor, Itit'bnrd left his boiiM and landa in 

Kent. John made bm will -m 21 Jan. Ittil, 
and it ma proved bv Walter Curll and a 
cousin, Dr. William fCobcrt* of Enfiqld, oo 
4 Dw;. 1«22. 

Manning^bum married, abotit 1807, Ann, 
aiiter of bis fridid Cnrll. By ber be bad 
tbnw> eons, liicbard {6. 16W), Jolin <fr. 1616), 
nnd Wnltj.T, nud thrue daiifiKler^ SnsHnnah, 
Ann.iind Kli«'ibeth. Wiilter Ciirll, bv bia 
will of 1.^ Miircli ll>4«-7, left legnciM) to kia 
■ittor Mm. Mniiningbnm and iwf «on and 
liix a;odion Wnlt«r. Sbu wot d««d before 
liyjfi, wlivn ber cidcat iH>n Richard aold tfa« 
property at Bnidbvuruv tuTbuinaiirwyidca) 
w-rieuui-al-U« ( HxflTEB, Ktnt, it. 213). 

MiinniDsbam is tLt- author cf* diary noi» 

Sivaurvcd auanx ibt- llarL. MS^. (A353>, and 
ret printed bv the Camden Soctelv is Itifld, 
undi;r tbo cditorebip of John ifnicv. It 
cov(>rs the periral fp)ai January lliUUJ to 
April 1603; at ihu time the writer wu • 
aludfiDt iu t]i« Middli'. Trnipti;. Tin: work 
ii aa entertuinini; m<sllt-y of anecdote* of 
Lnuilon life, political rumunrs, &c«o unlit of 
penuousi nnd meaioniudu of journeys. The 
goMii) rnspcctini; tjuei>ik L^liiubetira illnefll 
and uosth nnd tho accvMiou of Judms I is 
ml dovrti in utlrncliri; di:tnil, and Mannings 
Imm oflJ*n dnupUi'-" -ilimwd comnivnta on ln<e 
cbamcter ofclii- t^blef Inwynra and pmclien 
of the day. Hi- uIho irivni an iuIf^rMting 
accQimt (n. 18] of tlie ])L'rfnrinaiicft of Ahak(M 
speare'a ■Twelfth NiRlil' on 3 Feb. 1801-2 
in tbo Middlr Teiii]dc Hall. Collier, in 
bin 'AnnnU of the Singe,' ](*3I, i. 3?0, tn 
uiiticinff lbi< i<nlry, first called attention to 
Mannini;hani'A work. Tbt> Familiar anec- 
dote of Shakei>]>Hare'a iriuiaph nvr Iticbard 
BurbAj;e [q. v.] in the piirauit of lliv favour* 
of a Udy of doubtful rirtue r««tx on ^kjan- 
ninghaui'fi authority (p. •IS). ^ Tliomaa 
Itodiey, John Stow', and Sir Tbomaa Oroiw 
btiTy nrr> niKi occaeionally mentioned bj 

I'roficoi ' ViNiotiouof Couiiiy uf Kant in lit 19' 
in AnOit^idogin Canliaiin, iv. ]iS5.] S, L. 


M.D. (Il580-l"fi91, nun-midwifi', a»uondaon 
of TliomaH Mannin^bam [q. v.]. anertrarda 
hiflmpot' Ctiicbuster, wiuihom at EveraW, 
IlBin])«liiro, in IWH). I la ^vas intended, liiiA 
hia ulditr lirotlnT Thnmns, for t Im church, and 
odncated at runihridjri?, wb<iM he f^dnated 
I.L.B. in 1717. Hi- aft.Twnrd* took tlie de- 
(.TOD •>( M 1>. Ho tmdi II hnu*i' in Chancery 
Lane, London, and llieTolivi><I till I'iSd.whoa 
he mnved tn tlie ilnvmarkfil, tbi'^ico ia 
I7;t4 to Wno«lntoxrk Street, and in tlio follow- 
ing year to Jtrmyn Street, where h« reaidcd 





for tbe ten oT hia lUe. On lU Harcli 17S0 
Iw WM eteeud afeUovaftbe Koyai Sociccy, 
Utd on dO S(^pc. in the uiiip year wm ad- 
miUed « Uctmtiiite of lli« Cbllr^EP of PliTsi- 
ciaoa. On 1 8 Frb. 1 721 br vms lini^hl«a bj 
Oeorgu I. Hi' wnn llic rhir f maB-midwift! oT 
kig m;. and wa» tomt^licncn eninged iii the 
■miDier toBtt«iii] laniitKi in tkeciiiintn'(7'A« 
Atneiiib, p. S}. ibouffh it is ui anKhraniam 
in ' Tmintm Shandr ' (chap, sviii.) lo ropra- 
seot him u so itc^'plT cn^grd in pnd ico in 
1718 wt to be »na^!» tu imdvTiMkn )fn<. 
8baadj*acuo. In I7'iti In- puMinlivd ' Rjincl 
JJwTj at wbat tnui <)t«rrvr^) [luring a rlo«H 
MtwodancB upon >lary Tuft tbtt uretemUHl 
Bmbbit Rreeder.' M«rv Toft [t^. t.J at 
•Iniiis declu«d that &be ha<] given binh to 
aevpral rabbits, nod frafnnenla of th««« «rer« 
produred. Manning'hajm ehavi^ tliBt t)i«M 
w«repieeMof aduit and not oryoung rabbits, 
•nd tut tb« mmtaii waa not pnDiirinnt at 
all. Thu court ttMik * iltx'ii iot^toat in thn 
nfabit-bnaxW. f<li<^ af^vmrarda eonfeaaed tli« 
fiftud, but Manuinebacn in hia ncoount faiU 
to deiennuw whether ibe inapo«lure hff^an 
W an hvalcritwl altompt to attrsct notice or 
WKs a nii'iv pio«> of sciTilid knavtrv ihmugli- 
otit. linjnrth dn-w MiirrTnft.oir tbf town 
IsllMd of t he «Aair, ^nd >'(iitinini;)iiitn'ii nnimi 
bacUDo oK>r<i wi^lcly kmiwii. Munainvbiim 
pnMi*b«iliti ir40'ArtLiOb#tctri«ftiieCoiii- 
pendiurai'-A-ilb a [inTtitntwwa title of fiftj- 
«igbt vard*. The paria of the subject ate 
ftmuged in laboUr fonoA, each taholatioo 
bcaoe followed by a ieriee of aphoriaios. 
AaEnghch tnin^Iiiliun was pahlidtcd by tb» 
aani»pubIi*JMir in 1744. In I <M)apj>Mn)d hia 
'Trcatiw on Out SymptomK, Xnhtr<-, Cautca, 
And Core of th* F»brieuU orLitllu Fixer,' 
vhich rcftchH a third i-diiioii in 17'A Tbe 
tCTTD 'bbriculk' t» still in U9.L- fur anv «Iisht 
continued fever, and prTha\» t)i« onfy rnlue 
of thia treat iae U, that it nbowa the duifrer 
of iirintc n c^iiMid term which tend* tOcli«c)( 
nbauativu iDquintnlo thv caii«eoranyi>t> 
ticubv riw of temptTiiiUf.', Manningnain 
abowt no f^raap of th-.- iinjiorliisc>.M>rihu «ub- 
j«rti whUv the fact thnltlic tliemiuniQti.TTr&a 
not uard in hts day doprivca hi» wurk uf all 
pranajun. IIedtv>cnb«>tind<'rlhi.toiieh«a(l)nt; 
a>SWordtMatM»ewiiIi.-h HiHiratedaAeiiteriG 
bmr, Dfaleliiti«,andacc-iuiu<incold. In I71MJ 
lM|HlUishe(] in Lnlin'Apbi<nanMila Mudico,' 
vbidi ia a revistd aiid eiilnrKfil ixlition of 
luB fumpmdinin, and in 1756 'A DiMiinraa 
CODCvniiDg' the nn;;iir nnd I'lWtilrnlinl 
ftren,' which ir< an I'ttlriTp-iniMil itf 'The 
Floftue ni) {'<intAifi<iii.-< Di-vnlrr,' n ]>niu(itilKt 
which h4^ had i.tnueil anony numbly in l74-l. 
In l"ilO hi" eatabli«htd a ward in Ihe paro- 
chtol infimary of St. Juaen'n. Wcdtmin»ter> 

for mrtuTKot women, the tir».t ward of ili« 
hind established in Orest Britain. Ileleo* 
turcd there on midwifery, and the wbole fe« 
ttiT his course of in iti ruction wu iweuM-l 

Suinms (Ahttmrt of ytidirifnfi. p. 36). llo 
ied II iMuy I'l'iO lit Ch<dii.-ii, and be was 
buried Uiure' l Grnl. Mti'j. 17J»ft, p. Utlt. I>r. 
Thomoa Deamui [q. v.^ wirx h« wo* 'huc> 
ccsinil in practice and \en>- humane in tbe 
rxcrcite of bis art ' (.Vidwi/fiy, Srded., 1801, 
p. ijcxi). 

Tliiimiu' Manningham, hia second aon, gra- 
diiat«-d M.D. at $C. Andrswv, li4 May 1766, 
and became a licentiate of thv ['<ilk>gp of 
PbyML'tans :ili June. Hn lived in hU fHthi-r'a 
house in Jenny n iStreet, London, till IT80, 
when he neni to Bath aad died there 3 Feb. 

[Mun1t*B Coll. of Pliys. li. 16. i61: Mtuniag- 
hnm'* \\\.iV,-. Ttiamood'a Hist of Boyal Soe. 
ISi:^. p. xxxx; Ni«)i«U'a Lilorary A&««ilol*», i. 
2Ift.ll, 816. ri.dr.J S. M. 

17l'^), bii.h<ip of Chicbester, tnm about 
Itiril in the parish of 8C. Ceorp^, Snutb- 
warlc, wiw Bon of Kicbard .Vnnnin^hani, 
nn'Uir (if UirhWinerah, Hampshire, tie was 
oduitled in KHIl eebolar of \\ inebii«t«T 
l,KlRBr, K'iiieJirtter iirholam. p. ISH ), wlienc« 
be proceeded with a acholnrahip to X«w 
College, Oxford, inatrieutating on \'i Aug. 
1688. fie waj fellow fwm 1071 till irwl, 
and gnduated B.A. in 1873, M.A. on 
\h ,Tui. lt]7H-7 (KOTTEK, Aivmni Ojvh. 
lIiOO-1714). Ho b»came,My8 Wood, *a high- 
flown prwiuhcr, and for aotne tim« tutor to 
Sir John Itnbin«nn, bart., eldort *an of Sir 
John Uobinion, touclime lioutonant of tha 
Tower* In 1681 he wu BK««Dt<>d to th« 
reetoiy of Ea*t Tislt-d, HMn)>sliin-. TIw 
king, «'ho admired bm prent^bin^, prumtsed 
tiim Ihe prebrud of Winch erter. vncoteJ by 
thi>|ir<)mc.t ion of Thomae Ken t o t he hithopric 
of Hath iLud \^>lla ; it proved, however, to 
bo in tlie gifl of the lord keeper, and on« 
Tlioraaii Vox obtained It. In November 13M 
Maniunifbmn'nivamadenrMichcrot thuUoll^, 
and frciiiabout IGSVtoItW^'niiiihi.'Bd-miUler 
of \\ ' 1.-81 erhaui grauimar mIiooI, Ki-nt. He 
aubsequemly bucanie t«clor of St. Ati<trt!W| 
Ilolbom. on 8 Sept. ItWl ; chaplain in ordi- . 
nnrvtoM'illiumDndMarv: t»nanaf Windtor ' 
(HI ^gJan, I69I>'S|I,eNi.'vi:. Faeit\ci. Uaidv, 
iii. 406); rector of GnMi Ilesoley, Oxfortl- 
ithtrt!, irOP; and licanof "Windsor on 28 Feb. 
170K-!h<"6. iii. STli). On 21 Pec. IilOl the 
An-hhi)ibiip of Canterbury cn-attil him I).D. 
He witft coueecraled bishop of Chicfacatcr on 
IflXov. 17tW)(t».i.2:»S),anddyiBg«m 2fi .*ng. 
1 722 at bis house in GreviUe Street. Ilolhorn, 

•waa hurled id St. Ainlr>--w'a, Holboro. The 
inBcriptioD on his monument, which iflOTCr 
tho north gAlIorv' of the< cliun^b, Utu long 
Wwi illf'gfibli'. llis wiffi KlJzubtth (UtBT- 
I7IJ) wn» li>iri»l in t^hieUwtHr Cathedral, 
■whiTfi? tlif^n^ in ji mixiiiRimit to her meiimrj 
(Lb Nm-E, Mw>. Ami lt}.jO i;i«, p. :'.77, 
Ko. '%!>). Ill Ilia will lie uifntionB tlirec nona 
— ^ThmnaisMuTiuiiiitliaiDiP.D. (rf. lT'>0),tre4i- 
enrerof OliicL(wtoriu 171 J {Le Neve, ilw^/, 
i. 269), prohnuiJury of WvsliniuaUT in 17-0 
(Or. iii. 3B4I, nnd ri-elor i>f fjlinMO and Sel- 
eey,Sui«ox: Sir ItichardM&DiiiUKli&iu, M-.L>. 
[u. V.J; and Siiiton Muiiuingtiain.prcLfiidary 
vt OliiclieHl^T (1719 67) mid vicar of Kii*l- 
buuriit) (1720 -34) — aad two miirriod dnugt- 
ten, Marv Kuwlitisi'iii ttiid I)t>r(ilhi;a \Vnlti.Ti(, 
lieetdee five olUlt cLildrt-Ei. 

MunniQiiliaiu priuted ii lurR^u iiumlMr of 
bis senuona hel.weeri 1680 fwd Iiih dealli, 
Olid vmu author af 'Two Discoui'aL-A,' Kvo, 
l^ndou. leSl, nnd 'Tho Value of Uliurch 
itiid ColU-gre Ijodbi^b considor'd ' in Sir Isnac 
NVwtoii's 'TnbU's,' V2mo, 1742. 

[WooiIb AiIjshk Oxon. (Bli««), iv. AA6; will 
rri{istorMl in P. C. 0. ITt, Marlboro' ; Nic^halri'i 
Lit. Ana**!, i, 20T-II; Cho«tcr'« WVstminBiar 
Abbf]j^He|;iBti'i^pp.3gD,SSl; Soti'BHriilQuorle*, 
.IrJ ter ix. 27». 7lh «or. iv. 102. 'JUO] G. ft, 

MANNOCK. JOITN ( 10:7-1704). B^uiv 
dictiiie monk, boru al fiitfunb Hull, ftuflljlk, 
in 1677, was Bcooiid son of Sir Wiltiam .Man- 
nocli, llif third bfironft^ offriH'ords Hail, by 
his wifi; I'rsuln. dfiiightiT of iri-iiryls'iL-ville. 
Mti., of Hi>lt, l,*:ic»'»leniliiri*. On 1^4 Uci , 
\iwA III' vriiH iidmillT!d ii Nludi'iil nf tlm 
TJin''*'' Cidli'K'f at Rnini', 111! iifi r-rwuril* 
V!rftm<3 a mouk of Ilia IfeiiKiHcl ine ordi?r, 
making bis profession al Si, Ortffory'K Con- 
Tent, iTouBv, 7 .March 1700, taking' in i*- 
lifTion the naniH of Futlier Auiieim. Aft«r 
btiing ordidued at Lidge he wn« wnt lo I^ng- 
luidoattu) miMion. nnd t'rmn 17i>H till IT'ili 
hit hcImI t» chaplain ti> Ihr* rumiinii fainih* 
al K(i\coi», Warwiokiiliin;. IIu hi'I<riu!Vifriil 
offipM ia tiia order, beiii^ appiiuliHl pro- 
curator of the aouthi^m province in 173{l',d«- 
finilorof the province in 17S5. and definitor 
of ihi? r^gimt'ii and tiinlnr c-iLihedml prior of 
Worcf-iil or in 17ri7. Ili.iwn»«liitioii<''! al Kv\- 
Vtvloii Hull, Eiwi*K,fruii9 lit'illuulil biidiiallt, 
vi'liidi took plnct) ihi'n' on S(l Nov. 174VJ. 

Hia works arc : 1. ' The Croed Hxpouiided, 
or t he Lieht of ChrL«i ian Doctrine set np on 
the C-andlMtick of Orthodox IntenretstioB. 
... To which if pn-misMd a short ICaeay "« 
Fkith, by way of intnidiictian/ I>indon, i'SA. 
2, • Th.i'P(H>r Man'* Catechism, or llie Chris- 
tian Doctrine explained. With ihort Admoni- 
tions,* Loodoa, 176S. a 'The Poor Man"* 

Contmveny' [London?], 1786, pp. 136. A 
poMhumouj work, th; mitauscnpt of vrhieb 
IS at St. Qrcjrnry'a Crollege, IXiwniiidc, Dt«r 
ilftth, where ScvenLl othrrn-orkuhy Manooek 
are alsi) prewrved in mauuecripl, iucludiue 
•I. 'The Poor Mau'e (.Vinjianiou.' J>. 'A 
Summary or Abrid^fineiil of tin; Christua 
Doctrine.' U. ' Annua Sacvr BHtannicuai or 
short Liviw of tho Engli»Ii Saints,' 8 vol*. 
7. 'Thwaurus rnwlicatorutu.' ti. 'A Com- 
laeiitnry on the Biblc,'^ voIm. 9. 'An Ui»- 
turJuil CaltxdiiMn of the Old Te<iUiDt!iit.' 
10. 'An HUtoriuul Cut«utuaiu on iLa Life 
and Ueath of Christ.' 

[nowimiilflReviow. IT. 1M, vi. 187; Polay'a 
Rawpdf, T. 9(8. ii9, vi. 443 ; Olivor's Catholic 
Kellgiou iaCurnwidI, p. 519 : Snuw'( NBcraloigr, 

p, 1 14; Wd.ion'» niironii'lo, Apji. p. 12.) T.C. 

DE, u(\-.-civurds LoKD HE Maxsx (rf. 1372), 
niililurycuuiiiiiindt^raiiJ fciiiiid'nr itf ihoCIuu^ 
terhouse, wue h uativr uf Ualiiault. Hia 
fatttr was Jean, called l^e liorgnede Maiuiji 
lord (if Mauny or .Manny, near ValeiKaBanea, 
and HaiJ to have been d'cucondod &om tbe 
Cunni«of llainauU (FiutiSi'^Kr, d. l.«ttcD- 
hnv<;, xxii. 174). Lu Borjfno de Maun^* 
Bcciirding Iji Fn.ii.-^mrt (iv. 2il3-S), wn.i »1iud 
hy privuli,' t^niriniiM in tlie HnKliih camp^ 
ht'fore La K6<>Ie un lUe (faronue io 1324 or 
1325 (Bbiti!, Memoruiln uf tht Ordtr w^ the 
Oarttr, p. 111), tVoiwart makcg Sir Walter 
discover his body when at La Ittolc in 1346, 
nnd bury ii in the church of ihc Fiinm 
Minors nt Vitlpncienne* with an i^pilnpli, a 
HiipjKiiiiid ivipy "f whii'li, <'4intninin)[ iLii im* 

iiiiwibli' diiU", is iiuolt-O hy Ijeiifiibove (xsti. 
74). Maiinv's uioiher wa* Jeanne de Jen- 
Iain, from whom he iiiberiied that lordahip 
(i6. iv. ^2^A\ Ukltje, p, 113). FroisMrt (u. 
■h'j, iii. M)) seems to place htm fourth among 
five »on«, thrPB others of whtini aid" fought 
in thit Kri'ncU ^vnr>. Tho Fnjrli*h aiilhoritim 
.ilmni't invHrinlily Kpell hi* nnuii^ Mnnuy, not 
.Mauiiv l^ef. yoteM iiint Queneji, .'iili »er. \n. 
ai7. 6tb ser. ix. 2«, 78, 118, :t;B, 377). 

Manny mnv have been in attendance upon 
Queen Isabella durine her mil to llaiimult 
in 1320 O'lC"""*!'!', ii. 53), butprohublylirst 
muiwj loKii^lnnd Jil Uu' end of the n»iivt>ar 
in the truiuuf Queen Phitiinui.wliu mndnhitn 
one of her caquinw (it. ii. 1V3, ixii. 170). 
tie was knighted in I3:)l, and matly dis- 
tJaguiehe'i himself in the Scotriah wara, a^ 
oonapan^ing Edward Bollial inJuly 13S3, )^ 
Mrmistion of the kinj^.in his in\-B&ion of Got- 
land (MuRiHFTn, II. S«.i6), ukins a firamoet 
part ill ihti ai^jwoi ItiTrwick in tneni^vt y«ttr, 
and, if we may credit Fmiiuart (iL ii^ 397, 
317), belnp letl with William de Montacut« 




M gtuti tin froBtiera. lis wh rawarJed 
irita gntitB of Uad. the poremorabia of Me- 
rioneth (t3d£!>. Bad the matody ot lluWch 
Oastle (JS31> i Uuen-^LE, BarmM^t, u. 118- 
149). He was ambablj c^trfly «mplo7cd to 
Scotioad until liU appomttnenl on tl \ng. 
13A7 u sdminl of Uio fleet oorth of tbe 
Tluuiin< ifa-irra. il. 968), for thore C«n 
hanlly be &Df inith in the Btory that be took 
put inibr cmbftssT wbich vrrnl to f'Unders 

ID April ll'ETTBXHOVB, ii. fl^i; fiALFBtD L£ 

B«JUlK.p.t)0; cf. Fadtm, ii. 747-S}. 8oino 
mootha i/ivr biH Hppointnaeai be look pri- 
aonuT Oiij de Rick«nDiir]i. bA^tard brothrr i>f 
Coitni l<auia of FUnden, in n abarp tkirmtBh 
with the uarriKm of tbe islatid of Ciulxnnd, at 
tbe moulb of tb» Scheldt. Thv EnLfltib au- 
thorities d«scnb« it as an accid«nla! oitiillicl 
(WitJM><;i(kH, irint. Am/L i. 222; Mcai- 
XUTK, p. !*Ot. Fpiiuart (iL 430) represenla 
it «■ Dti otviiiiiwl vxpeditioB, dat«a ibe ai t4ick 
OBthMtuabLdf St. .uanin, andgiresihodiU'f 
^.ft—wiaBJ to tbe Earl of Derby. wboM^ lif« 
Hftnnr Mvea. lie ma; be here antidpaLinti 
ifa« earl'g later uaocutton with Maniir. To 
Sir Wallt-r lb« king. aft«r reluuiuu (iay of 
Flanders on 2S Jan. ]»40,^nmtfd the 8.0(XI/. 
paid fur lit« nud tbn iit!i6t priii^ners' rait»om 
(>iJ»n»,iLll07,ll2y). Two of tbe amba»- 
Midont aoeredited by Edward to I'billp of 
VnMtti uid Loais of Flanders on 3 Ot., Ili« 
Bubop of LiacolD and tlie Karl of Suflulk, are 
aaid br sone vrriter» to Uav« bwa on Msnny's 
fie«t wbeIlCadxandwasattackl»d(ilkpp.8n- 
81S: I''»i>i<«AitT.«K]. Luco, i. 1348: anmiele* 
•/ Jilu^f/t I and Edtcant II, a, IAS). On 
S4 Nov. 1S.17 Mannj- was »«nt to aea with 
order* to attack tht? kiiitr's ent<mi«s, if bi.> 
tluHi^t it adriiaU^, but to return witliin 
tiLMe weeks (ya/ifra, ii. 1005). On 24 Fi>b. 
I3SB he was i>rd«r«d to pmvide abip* by a 
fortnifi^t af)«r Kaxtnr for thn paaaago of the 
kiBf to lbi> tfontiarnt, but waa not able to 
do m in Uat*< (A. np. 1015, 1027). In April 
li» bad to c-inror Hrabaat merchants to and 
bom Ifswick aa'd Orwell (ik.jf. 1031, KU I ). 
Tbe kiiig ^ve him about this time thc> mnnora 
nf OTvaton in Nortlinm|>t-jtuliirv aiid Abcr in 
lie Mobabiy CQurejed Ednatd to AntweiT* 
in July. 

BcMtv leaTiug Eiuland .Manny, with many 
other Iraight*, ia aaid to bare tal^ea th« ' Vow 
of thr HtTon,' at tbe inntasce of the fufcitivv 
[{vbitrt nf Artoia, uiideKakinH: to bum a town 
betd byflodeinatde fty (VftiaHt, J\-liti«iJ 
SongM, i. lU). FroiMart'a veniou is that ho 
bound luDuelf to b« tho fint to onlur Franc; 
nnd take a town or cuilr. Inunodlntcly atUii 
the defiancvof tbr Fn?nf li king in 1 339 horode 
baetily,i«ya Froiearti with only forty lancaa, 

tliroii^ Brabant and Ilainault, and enttiriikg' 
France took a castle callolTbnn rEr^itcin 
which hi) lefl a gvrrison under bt» bcvthrr, 
Qillcn nri^arttwbowan !>lttin mxt yr*r be- 
fiire Caiubny. \{li-T which be returned to 
Frflwanl at .Molinea (F&oiauRT, ed. I^etlett- 
bove. ii. 437-03. Jii. S3). He took part in 
all the operations of the campni^i mid re- 
turned to Gnf{land with the king in Fcbrunry 
l.tiO (i*. iii. 8. 9. 12. 27. 53. 7l>, In Juno 
IftH) he i* anid by Froiswirt to linvi- rcligwcd 
stl hi« c>>m{ianiana in ralmir at Slnyii: be 
wnd pmti-ut at tb«- ftieiie of Tourutiy in 
August, and joined in wasiin;rtlie»urround- 
init conntry (lA. iii. 187. 235 ; Bkltx. p. 1 IS 
H.) .^l8nny accompanied tbe kinc when he 
' fttole home ' to siirpriw his miniRtvrs on 
3<3NoT. (UvKiMirrii, p. llt(}, I{Dii>Mi(lto 
baT9 1ak«» part in tbe 8o()iti>h cumpnign of 
I.-Ml (FROintKT, iit.428,4(U>. 

F.srly in 1342 ittlwardient him to Brittany 
to belp the heroic Oounieai of Monlfort 
againit Cbarlea of BI<MS, empowering him to 
receive and keep towns and ca«tlea b<<long- 
ing to the [fiiKe of Kritlanv (MuHlMiTTil. 
p. 125; fW4<m. ii. IISI, 1 !»». Froiwmrt 

§\vm a glowinKdMcripliiinof tii* valour anil 
(vdji of chivalmiut daring. In ttiu n'tief of 
Cliu counKutHHi Hinnebon, in a naval victory 
over Louis or Spain atCiuimperlfi, wiil in the 
fliege and defence of •ei'emL Breton towns 
andcaatle»(iT.38,44-«),54-l(,70.9e. lO-J-9. 
147-70). Muritnutb Hiye Ihiit after mnbiiig 
a triitw wirb ChnTU«K of Blnis mirly in July, 
KuhJKCl to thi' king'n consent, be returned to 
I'^ngUnil, and that Edward, not aB|)mTing of 
ihi- truce, teW the Earl of Nortbampton to 
Brittiiny (cf. fWdera, ii. 1205). I-roiaaan 

ati-aks of Manny a« present with Edward in 
rittany in the later nionth«of the year (ir. 
lit2-7, 147), 111 June 1345 ho wa« »ent to 
Uascony with the FArl of Derby, a* one of 
llie two numlmlt who liad eomnuuid of that 
vnnyuaTd,««conling to FroisMTt, who largely 
a^cnbvd to .Miknny the Succ«M of the two 
brilliant noipairnit in which fifty or sixty 
t'jwoH and castiB* were captiir*d (SlffM- 

' iiCTii,pp.ltK),248;Av»BUBT,p.3&0;fiiKBIi, 
y. 77 ; Froimait, ir. 314-a72, v, tj9-8«). 
Froiasarl [v. t'7-108) ha* a circunutanlial 
story n^loting how, on bearing of the victory 
at Crvcy, Manny ubtainod from thv Duke of 
Nortonndy, son of King Phi lip, tbun bealenpg 
,\i^uUlou. a eafe-«onduat to go to the Gngllan 
kinji: by land, but wns arnrateil nl Orli-anv. 
tnki-n to ['orie and thrown into the CliAtdet, 
mhni'Ce he waa only relenoed on the indis- 
aant romomlronceof the Dukeof Kormaudy 
with 111" fntbor. But the si*^ of Aiguilhtu 

j was rniwd six days befon ClwCT, and Ucrbr 
inadenpatobpTeaorrod by AveBDtujr |jt. 37^^ 



aimply taya that on 12 Sept. Sir WoIihmt, in 

Spite of n safe-coniluce, wm attitckcd nvnr St. 
ban d'Atig^ly in Sointotitip, thiit n-lii]<> bis 
escort was citplurrd nnd tlmiwii into primn 
in that town, 1it< bimntlf cixcnjxil will) JItli- 
cultf. I)nrliy, whti wiw on bis aierclj to 
Poicti*r«, at (laee took St. Jnaii und released 
Slnnriv'c taan. If we could cnidit rroiasarl 
(y. 14:*, 1 9i«-t5). Edward entrusted the sieReof 
Calais lo him, flaring tlio Knr! of Wiirwiek 
and Sir Italpli .Stntlbrl under Kin oriinri', und 
he inducoil ihi' kiii|i l<> limit, hit, wngi'awi^-, 
thoiipliliiiriiili'il ti»iiivt'CiiiiarfieilrtSi.l*ii.'pri' 
and hm ci>mii!i«iiin»(,('6.i]|]. Iil^:;i0.:;i3-I&j. 
AviMbiirjfpjJ. Sl'2.3H(i( imlvti'Us ua thai he 
tru* ona of ih.e five EnglisEi n-iireseTitai-ives 
in the nej^tiations with th<> kiii;^ of Fraiict> 
duTin^ ilie last wwk of Jtilj, anil thiii ftfler 
Caiaie hnd fiillen lie wifli wviiii nlliers cnn- 
cluded thp trucw of y."* Sttpi.. 

On V.i j\i)v. Miiiiny wiwisutntnomiil to par- 
linmont n* n hnron, and rfflnivt-d writa to 
parliftmfiiit and fioutifil until January 1371 
( JUptirlon I)iynitt/ofaPfer,ff.67-i, 
6I7,(;i'2,tt2.',K27,e30,"). ilo frecm^ntly 
ftpptnrfi aa a trier of pptitiojis, ami i" oncM 
mi-iitiout^ aa giving judpmpiit in pnrlinmont 
On a Irailof {fio(, I'tirlW. 1H4, ^IIlI.IIWS, STA, 
2aa, yj*!", am, :M>.'!. iii. li)- fn ll Marelj 
184t$ Manny wiiii dnen raftri- a[)[»'iiiitL'd adnii- 
nd of tbo flwt Irom Ihr.* Tliorn'-a to Uorwick 
(JF«iiern, iii, l')0), and on l'5 Si-pt. of tlw 
•anK^ year wa» COiuuiiMirjm.'d, with ihn Kafls 
wC LuiicuoluT and Suli'olk anil two olImrH, to 
treat forpuajj"; wil!il''iunGi'(i'A,p. 17:!). Wlwn 
tbe attvmpt to rocovor Cakia by tTviicbi.'rr 
on tbc niglit of!}! Doc. 1-149 woa frn.itnLtvd, 
E-in^ Edward und tUu Bliiclc Prinw, ac«)Td- 
ing to Froi»»nn i\. :J3:J-8, :J|3-9), bouourwl 
Monnr bv iiKbtiap undtir biv bauuer, but of 
tbis tli<' Eti^L«li auilioritiui know uotbia); 
(AvemiTii*, p. 108 i ILvKEti, p. lua; VVal- 
Bi:vntiAM. i. dr.1.4). lie may bnvo taken 
pari: in i.liu iwa-fiKlit' with the Spaninnis olF 
WiiidmlstM on ■,'d AuE. Vi^id ( BfiU'K, p. 12U; 
I'KoiJwutT, v. iG8). Durinj: IftJliriObiirp- 
ceivL-d (fratita in Aqititaim\ llerwick, und Ox- 
fordsLin:.and irt nii-ntiimi-d tut inarnlial of the 
Mnrshnlsi'y {Aiiiifrriatin IMai. Orl'jlii. ti, 
1(0; DliKDAi.E, linniitiii/f, ii. IIU). In tbo 
■imiDn' t>f I'tnO lit! held an ini|Ucsr in f lurt- 
fonlAirti {Otita AU«itttvt W. AViani, iii. 
200), and iii lh» autumn of ihiit yrmr and 
tJic »princr of 1351 \\>i wn» dioMiin. a« a 
I!ainnult(>r. to conduct rmiriil iar urn.' ri.«|iect- 
ing the aflhir'i of tlio Low ToiinCriei whh 
Margaret of Idiinmilt. Hnil nollnnd. widoiv 
of iBk Kraii-'nir Li'iiin of Bararin ( F<rtlrrti, 
iii. :i()(t, -JM). -Maany ia said to havi; l.ak>-n 
part in ili« llrolon campaign of 13Ji2 (Una- 
. DAtfi. ii. I'tfl^. i 

AccoinpsRyinfr Gdward to Artots in Oo> 
toWr I3RG, he n.>!itrnod with him in order 
to aare Berwick. Af^er laying tti« tcing''« 
wishKs b«far« a parliami^nf at Werttninstcr 
onlRXov., lu'wa* <omt fonmrd torrtiovplhe 
cantle of nnrwtdc ainl h«jiin thit Tr-nnxtiry of 
the town, w)tn«H wall t hn iiiid«rniini)d wil Ii tba 
help of moil from tlio I-oPB»t of Dean (^Aiteb- 
Bi-KY, pp. 429. IfiO: Ifol. Pari. u. 2Si ; note 
lo Uakhii, p. 291). IIowa>iilayingat Weet- 
raiiislf'r wht-n the news of Poicli<?rs r(>ached 
KnpJand (IIfion, /«««cji, p, 16S). Un 17 Jan. 
llt.'iOlii^ WILE nnnt In Krnnco ftnd nrfr<]tiat^ 
an I'XiiTciiiioii fif llio true.", whinh cTjiiri'd on 
IS Aori! (F-crfovr, iii. 4171. Wh.-n Edward 
iiivudL-d Fntnpi- in (fcioln-r 13'f(l, Manny wiw 
on Ilia MatT; lit.- was giviiii th« Liartor vacated 
by the death of John, lord Grey of ICother- 
lield, on I Sepl., and wa? preseal'»l by the 
Blnck Prince with ' a (frisolfpallw'y ' {^xvn, 
p. J'JO), Hi.< acj-nmpiinind Kdward in hia 
aanrcb into Burgundy in .Irtnnnry ISRO, and 
on their r«Ium akinni*hrd with' aoma new- 
mndc knighta at the varv gates of Paris 
( 200,213, ■•321, 224, 266-7). 
His name is amon;; tha |piantnt«re of the 
troAtvflf Hretijrni in -May; hf w»* oneof l.lio 
j^iiardlnnn of King -fohn at Oalaia tintit the* 

S/iynwint of Jnlin'a rntiAora on ^.lOst. (lA. pp. 
■77, 29.-J-"; BntTZ, p. I3(]>, and on SOS^t. 
hf wft*ftppoint«lwitb otbunt todt'cide upon 
the oltiiu.i of Cliarlo" of Bl<)i» and John of 
Moiitfori (f 'trA-w, iii. I'm). On 7 July 1362 
be was uppoiuletl a louimiasiouur to prorojjuie 
the truce witb CbarK'« of Bloi* for ono year 
(i6. p. (WlM. At Wu';a"fy on 11! May in that 
year ho bad ncIinowWirod rocpipt ')f nino- 
ti^n tliouBatid irc!di:ii florin* frinn Marjiarvt, 
conutMi< of Elaiiinult, to whom bo bad lent 
i:on»id(.Tiibl(.' euuu, and at tbt.* onine tiin« n^• 
leiv^itd lixT from all cliitms n((»>n.->t ber and ber 
mm Uttka AlbtTt, but the luttur m'm slill iu 
Munav'fic!ebtntliisdenth(Iti:LTZ,p. 1^1). lie 
altonilod the- liinc of Cypnie when hi' viaited 
London to solicit English aid iu.iiin.*l the 
Turk»('t/j. FinHRi*Ri,vi.;!Sll. tntlirnutvimn 
i)f IfflUb'- wiL-i withlbr kiiiff ut Dovwaming- 
in^ with I jriiii-i of FlaiidtTB fiir ihi- marria^ of 
biadiiii|fUii>rto Edmund of Cambridge, when 
thi? m-wfl of thi' victory of Auray nrriv«l 
(i6, Tii. 1)5), lie Wiis pTOioni. in tlio council 
in I3Gfi whicli promisL'd hidp to Pedro thi- 
Cruel (it', p 110), Ifi 130f> !iH wan ord.-n-d 
lo Iri'lnnil (Leitiishoyb, xxii. Iftl'). In .\v 
jrust l.'tflO he was mill with John of (iHunt 
ID hi* itiva.Mon of France ba second In com- 
rasnd, and Froissorl rflnles an iiifiiiance in 
whipli tif glwl of his ndi'icr robbed the army 
ofnn advantage (i7i.vii,J2.'l,4'Jl*), On lONov. 
1.170 In' w(U" iirdorijd, «« lord of Nli-riniietb, to 
fortify hiacBstle, und on the IJJtbbu wasoii* 

of th« witrnwi to tlte UtWra patent intied 
by t3u UoR (MpMtin^ Uw eampliunta of tlu.> 
pennlft nf Aqnitainit •jpiinar the ernvemment 
erf tbt Black Priiii«* (Firdfra, iti.OOI ; Fsoift- 
s»BT, vii. I62J. 

Tlll^ king b^ U-tl^H patL-nt of 6 I'cb. 1371 
lic#iued Manny to fotin<l a bonte 4f Car- 
ibufUB monks to bo calW La Soliitatinn 
M4c» Di«ii {BKAmntorr, Ilitl^rirat Afe*>unt 
cf Tiiomat Sutttm ami of Am fiAindaliem tn 
CSari*rhauM. 1737, pp. KJr-tS). But tliis 
(baadttion, known m tlic Lonaun Cluut«r- 
baiue.apDcdR' to bare bcvn crvntcd tvn j'Mk 
ImCmk. Wben llie Uack dcBtb -nan rotfiu^ in 
of 9l. BftrtlioUNaew ibirl««n Wk* of lani^ 
OBloide tba 'bu-oCWMt SmitfaticU.'and hod 
itcoiiMcnt«dfi>rib<ijial'KTOund. According 
tbouMUid pcnoiu were buried tbcro during 
Uut vMT (t&.) lie built on it n baodwoie 
ckapd of tbc! AanuiiciBtion, wbick rare it 
the Dftme of ' N«wcburcbbftw,' and obtained 
« bull from Pope Clemeat VI to allow him 
to eedow a colleite with a sujicrior aiid 
tirrin cbaptainfl (il6.; SHAurr, Calmdar 
^ WaU in COMTt ■/ SuMting, ii. 2(\ 107). 
But th'w plan M«nis to have been drupiM^d. 
Slicbarl do Nortbbtirgb, bi.-diop of Loudnii, 
purcbaaed Uir place aiid t!irii»trona^of the 
cfaapel from Mannv, ntiil, living on V Sept. 
1361, left by his will 2.000/.. with certain 
leuCB. nnta. and leDementa. to found a a>n- 
Tcnt of tlic Oartbiuian ord«r in ' Non chu rcb- 
h«ir* (ffwf. MS&. Otmm. 9tb Rrp. A pp. 

EL i. p. 47; 8H*Kt>8. ii. fiii), Yol in tlit! 
!ll«n patent of Febninry 1271 nnd Mann/ii 
ohaner,daied38Marcb 1371. Vaunj itppe^an 
sa the founder, and ihu nnlv umnlioQ of 
Nottfabuigh it that the moukH are to pniy 
forfaia KMilftBd those of bin successon, om 
w«tl^as for Mann}- and hlfi family. A tispal 
bull *io faviiur of • the new hoiiH* ol iho 
MaOme of Orxl.' usualljr atlnbut)!>d U> Vr- 
1mm V, but proir,Kl by li-«rrr.ft (pp. 17(i-«)) 
to have been irranti-'l by I 'Hium VT in iStS, 
ncitM that Nortbbur;,'li and Mnnnv fnuuded 
'conventum dupliuni onUnit (Jterluti«nAis.' 
This pr<ibably pointd to tbo aolution of the 

my dipd in London on or about I'l Jan. 
IS7S (FROiffAKT, ed. I>?tt^nhov(?, viii. 4-1,', 
»ii. IW : tt. Rrltc, p. K'l >. H" li'l^ din'c- 
tiona that 1m ahoutd bu buriod wiibout any 
pomp in th« ebotr of lb t ehuivh of tlut Carthu- 
siaa iiieiuM«T7 which bo had founded ; the 
king and hia aooa with numeroiia prelate* and 
taroDS fii1low«d him to the ^Te. John of 
Gaunt had five hundred maisos nid for his 
aonl {ib.) Ilia willfdnt^^W Nor. 1371, and 
ptemS atLAmb«tb 13 April 1.17tf,inslTuctod 

hia Axecutnnt tn mv a prninr to evevj i 
person GOtninf; toliiu funrml.iii prayforl 
arul tbu mniMion of bis sioa (TIuoDai.e, ffo-^ 
rtma^,'u. lf>0; Nicolas, Te^tanunla Vittutta, 
i. 8iS-€}, Tho tomb of alabaster witb bia 
(.'Hipy, whieh he ordcfwi to be made "like 
unto thuT of Sir.TohnBeauciuiiDpin I'aul'aio 
■.ondnn,' rvmainod until tbe diasolutiOD io 
the church nf tbn Cbart^rhouM, irbe<ro alao 
hi* ^ifc nnrl bis brothi-r.Sir William Manny, 
wore bnried(ii. ; thUtetartfa TajMgrapitien 
fl nfmltliei; iv. ."(OQ). 

MaiiriT niHrnt-Hl Margnn^T, dauglittir and 
heir of '1 homsa "of Brolln-rtou,' «cond aon «f 
l^lward I, and widow of Joliii, lord Scffrare, 
who died in llto^. t>!it> «iicci>>^ed bor fathec ' 
nscounlfwt-DiarsbalaDdConutcesof NorfoU^j 
and RUinv yt'nr* ahvt Maunv'a death was 
created IJiicli;-!* of Norfolk, ^rhrr Manny 
ia said to havL* had one- »ou, Thuiniu!, who 
waa drowned in a well at Dep(r'.>rd durint; kia 
f&ther'a lifetttue. Ilia uiily nurvivin); cliild, 
Aanc, who was aereutcenyeorsof UKv at hifli 
d^atU, and tiad been married since 18tS8tOi 
Juhn ITa«t(n)Z9, t^arl of Pembryike, b««ame I 
iicir, and mttlivine her husband, who calle 
bimnlf 'Ijord de Mannv,' bv ninotcon yeaxi^] 
.•.b«diiH! in IfttVI. Tb.j"*I->chcai(. lUP cnu-* 
luerotiM i-alatfw of Munnv and bin wife in 
sixteen Kn);l>'*l> f "UntiiH, Wiidi'!! bii> i>n)pi'i^ 
ties in Calais and Halnault. Pembrokn w»ld 
[bo latter, including the ancestral t»tale oTl 
Mauny, to his wife's coiwin, Henry de Mauiiy, T 
younpostaouof Sir Walter's brother Tbierri,! 
who married .Anne, dniighttT 'if rho EnrI of 
Sufliilk. HmiryV fjrranddaui^hlipr, who took 
I bn veil, wan thu Inat nf tlie nanif • in thfi direct 
IInf,B[id Mamiy passed by inberilautr toth«1 
Sire* de Itenease. who still held it at th«l 
end i>f r.heeie^hce^nth century (LETrBSunrB^I 
xxii. 178). In hi* will Mannr leaves small 
lamudwtotwu illeffjtiinste daii);h1er<>. called 
^uloai>l and MalpleBant, who had tsken i he 

Manny was cl«arlv cttM of tli<< abWt nnd 
boldest of EdwordT Ufa soldii-rs of for* 
tune, but hh nn^riia c«rt4iiDly lost nothing 
in the hands of his countiyraen. Jean Io 
Bel, Jeande KJeerk, and l-'nusert. Ilewaa 
a fellow-townsman and patron of h'roisaart, 
who vivitod VaWdennea in his oomnny in 
13(14 (i. i:io), andpm'VcipTtiasion toniaara- 
titud« dirot^itv in his pooma («d. SehuUr, 
ii. R), and indircvHly in tbit pmminini(?i> Iw 
a««ic:n« to hi* benefactor in hw ■ nironiclt^j*.* 
' Mon liiTw,' he says (Tiii, 114) himself, 'cat 
moult i«nlumin6 de ses prouesses.* He it 
represented, especially in tho Breton scenca, 
as the mirrorof the diiralrotisdaringof th« 
time, AS ' saf{«ment emparU «t «>nlan|tag6 ' 
(7. iKK)). Y«t his Tongnnco on Minpoix, u 




nlntcd iTi thft * Cbroniquei AbrGg6m ' (Ln- 
VEXKOVK, xvii. 16P , coupled with Man- 
lutli's rtft-roKM wf"*'s»Tiiia' at Cadutnil, 
fD*ta that lifl cott-i on occasion be cruel. 
[Munj fuels About MADn/tciirocf arc broughl 

(om4 Ui^anJ in th* n- .1 [■'fHiuart bylUron 
Ki)r»T" ci" IfCt'enhiJ'si:. whioli khould be ei>m- 
TMCM. howf>\'<>r. with ihneii uf M. Limit. Iblu's 
Ufa follon-H Froifnan iilmwt titrrnllv. Thu 
Foxlam nri! tiuolwi in ibo IliKonI eJiliuD, aiiJ 
Alnnmuili, Avciliurj, luiil WiiJiiitiKliiini in tlio 
BolU .Suriw . tinlfrid Its Baker of Swyiibrokf, 
ed. £. MauuiU Th ipK>u ; cT. nlnu Iluri>a's 
Iiinu, p. 175; BniDtdigham'i Inun Rit\l, |]|i. 
817, 432; Uritish yiueum Ad.lii. MSS. £937 
tai. 10^, 63Q8 M. 306 ; Chumlcw'a BWIi Priu.;o, 

L4o; Frwnfh Clmiiroloof lymrfoji. n.\. C-huIot 
?..p, 78: Iferii«'» Edirard III. p. j27; Lotic- 
nuinV Kflwanl III ; I''iUcjri'» Jaiuas rial Pliilip 
Tan ArtiM-rMc I'urtric qm-HtiutMif ibo Clinrtor- 
buuau chu fulluwing work>. in ■liiliti"!) Co th«K 
in the UzU nm> Ir coaeutt<.'d : iHi&iJitIv ■ X»d»»' 
ticoti, od. Carey, Elite, luxl HMimnul, vi.S'-fl; 
Dugdnla'a lliator; of St. I^ul'*, p. S* ; Stow'ii 
8nrv»y "f lionilnn, «]. Sir_vpi-. bk. iv. ji. 91; 
TftBUor's Nolitiii 1 Xmrcouri'ii Rnjirniiriiim I'n- 
roeli, ItfiiUiit. i. ATH ^ ^iiiaiii'l li)<rD«*it I>(in]iiB 
CttrUiuMiinn. lO'T; itml Arcbiltni.'mi Unlo'siiiiper 

C^Ciil.Soc.iii.3^^^^1^« tiiMl suide IB, how- 
ever, }tcarcn>ft^^^^HB<'>i)i viliK prititi dio 

MAIfNTNO^HHT, or Hvvxmt db 
Ilmrs?.-!; ( //. 1 J."^'<-TinP), pDi'l, "*-ne, m Iio 
hiivrt liiuiBclr. 'of lininiu' wiiki- in Kwd-iwuu ' 
I [[an'/lffiiij Si/nririn Duluiih MS.'^i); lb" 
rwiditig of olUor niiiiiiitiirri|)l[i'UryuiwokH'li'd 
to rliir irrmnciii't mitiim tlml. bi- wo-Huiiiiiiuiilu 
of nn imiigin'irv 'Rrhuwu-kHiirinrv.' Hut iLi» 
ttbtimliitilly di-iir tliui Itoburt MaiinynK~B* 
ht>cBlt»biui»i-'lf iuliisthroiiicle -wftsanntivp 
of TlriiiiDe or nournc in Lincolnshire, nod 
untr»i:l llie hntiMt of the (iilbi-ninc CAnnnx 
HI SeinpringhDm, six miles from bin Ditil.ivc 
pluce. in \ii*A. Ki! pny.* tlml. Im wnil.o 
' llnndiyiii[ Wyiint-' iu ISOS, niid hiid llit-u 
been In ibi- prinry fiftcwi years. It is pos- 
WBK ricjt n canon, but merely ti lay broilii.'r, 
H" woiilil sfcm to bavc bt'pn ciJiiciili.'d 11.1 
Cainbriilge, fi>r he apenlii' uf hnviiiK I)l«-ii 
tbere witii l{ol)i?rt- ii«; Hruri-,tlii' futiin- Viiijir 
of Scotlauil. and hii Cwn bmlhiini, TiiiimiL§ 
and Ali'xanriiT. lf«u,it is i-videiil.from ibe 
w«y inwbit'b MiiiiayiiK r&feri to iheBnices. 
tbal till" must liai'i' l*eii mibaequent lo hi* 
wntrj' nL Semi)rin|^h«in, for KoheTt d« Knii-u 
llifl eldosi waa b>^ni only in 1274. It may 
bu, however, tlml .Vliinnynn in refi-rriiiK 10 a 
caaual viMt. for tbii GilltiTliiit-!> bail a bonsi.- 
B>t Carabrl(l)n>. In isas, n-ben Mannyng 



finished hta ' Cbronlcte,' be was rMident in 
tbu priori" "f bis order at Siihill. I.iucola- 
sbirp- The dat« of his death ie unkuown, 
bur be muKt at this time bave twen about 
*evi*nly j'vurs of sff*. 

Mamiyng'ft wurlcn (romtint of: I.' HaniU 
Iviig ^yiiiiu,' a trnntiliitiim <if the * Mnnuid 
deaPoehiwt'of William of WadingtAn, whft 
wrote under Edward I- Tanner wmmI^ 
d^wribes tbe Kroneb original ad hoing ty 
Ki^bop Gro^Mlrte. Mannynt; mad^ a fK4 
USA of his original, n^fn iMirlii.i1in|*,fiinplify ^k 
VR^, OP nniittiivj;; Alti^jj^irrbiT, and t-xtm iitAprt- H 
infrnn'wr matter drawn at timoJifrom bis own 
mpurii'ni^i'. Thi- whuk' girr» au ivxcf^llant 
picTuri^ of tbo Kwial lif<\ and fonnti a iMcn 
satire on the vict-t of his time. Tbt' known 
tiiiiiiujtcripU iii-y Harlt'v 1701 (of tbe wid of 
the fiurti.>eoth cenlury), Bodley 415, amd 
lltilwicb 24 (incoinpiote). The fir»l, col- 
Intt^l with tbe RfHiley MS-, wn* .-diti'd by 
Dr. FKroivnll for tbe Iloxburf^ic Club Lu^other with WadiaylwiiV Fruncli text 
from Ilarl-y M.SS.273 ind -1^7 ; a n<-w edi- 
tion bv l>r. Furiiivull is pritnuwd for ibe 
Kitrly Knglinb Ti-il Kii-iely. lEitUiwrll, ia 
his ■ Dictionary of Old Kn^lt'b Words and 
l'bi:iii^e>^,' iiuotca a manuscript in I be midltuid 
dialect vfhicb apptian tu w: loet. 2. The 
'Chmnicle of Hnffland.' Of lhi« thuro arc 
tvoiniuiniwripts, Pctvt MS, r)||,in tlii.'lnn<tr 
IVmpli- Libriir>-,and lAiubtih Mri. I.^I. Tb« 
carliiT part linK Ihivii cdilt^ by Ur. Fiimivall 
fur KoUb rterieft. The hhcoikI pari waa 
eJilud by lleuriif. under the title ' lVt«r of 
Lan^ofl'i) ('bronicle. a.« il1ui>tru1cil and im- 
proved by HobiTt of IJninnc. from the l>eAih 
of Cftdwalinder i<i tin: end of King Kdward 
l,btr First's Ruign,' in 172.*i ; 11 Nr^jviid trditioti 
npiwjiTi'ii in li*00. The work in tlir<iii|{briiit 
tinnritfintil, MnnuynK only daimin^ 10 write 
' ju sliujde api'feb for love of simple mi-n,' In 
ir« earlier {inrt ion. it foUown lV>r the ma«T part 
Ware, willi occa»ion«l inicrtioiis from B«de, 
GeolTreynf Monmouth. and rvniEtoft. Man- 
nynur wtmld not folioiv tbe U»t -writw en- 
liri-iv, bireniuiitbfT ' ovr linpjw'd ' too much -of 
fSfiilTriry'ii Lutin niirralivr. Tht? part of 
MHnnyiijf'd chnmicle onwards i» siinidy ti 
Iriiitalatioii of Lan^K'f'- ■'- ' Mediiacynua 
of I>e iSoper of our l^^rde Ibesiis ; and also of 
hys I'nssyitn ; nnd eke of [le peyne* of hy« 
swxie modor. Mavdi-n MiitT-e, Jw- wbycbe 
ninih- jn l.alyn Bona vi-n lure Cantynall.* 
Thi» wnrk fiillow* tint 'Hnndlyng Synii«' in 
tbe llaTli'y utid Bodley ]nanuscri[n«. and may 
he by Mannyiitr, as Mr. OHphanl and Mr. 
Oiinper, its editor, tbink : but the awriptioB 
iHopi-n In doubt. It was edited for the Early 
EnRli*h Test Scicifty in \i<iT>, 

Uaunjujf it in no tutiwn to U< rvjfsrdwl as 

an hUioriui, uid hi« ' HAndlyn^ Synnc* i> 
faiatortcaU^mon valuable than his ohronici*. 
liu iiupOrtaiioe U onlin-ly lit#ti«rT, but m 
this d^partm^nt hia work i« of the 6r«t in- 
t«r«et, iii, OUpbaot speaks ot tlie ' Haa<l- 
lyag i^y1tne' •« 'tb« work nbJcb mar« than 
aay former odq for««hado«red i ha pi^tb that 
English litvraturv was to trend inm that 
time forward ; . . . it is a lomdmark worthy 
0^ the csrvfullL-sl ntud}'.' la ILl- «utte Kuirit 
Dr. FunursU sptHikn of MauoTn^' tts ' a lau- 

OireliiRiiar, who helped t«iuiU(tf Eat:IUh 
keandeasj.' The<uit«iLMoaof themid- 
^^od dialoct) and bj this meaat the creation 
of UttnUT English, wk no doubt aided bv 
ilMuayof: » wnt\agt. 

[TaiiDcr'* ttibi tlrit.*Hib.p.l32.i.T. 'BriiDDe;' 
BMKiD'a tVef. to lAHgtoft ; FnToindt's PtsImm 
to UaDdlyaff Synin and the Cfaroaids ; T. L. 
Kui8<oa-Olipl»Dl'B Old and MUdl* Englitb, 
dbtp. ri.; T*a Brink'* Early English Lileraturi), 
ppL29i-3l>3.ira!itl.b7S.M.E«UD(>dj; W*rnrr's 
Cat. lit T>a.\-wirh M.SS. p. 34;.] a L. K. 

(leOft-liSS6i, Inilian ofliri4],bom in 1606, 
was BftpointM a writer in the Fnst IiidM 
Companjr'aMTviosoa SO April 1ft2f>. Hswati 
maJft aiMstant to Iha aecrotar^- of the weat«ra 
board of reranue in Beoiial nn 10 Jau. 1^27 : 
reKiitraraod ssuatant to the ma^jtrata of 
Agn and oRitialin^ collector to tW govem- 
■KOt of ciutQmii at Agra on 10 Juljr IHSi^; 
actingauigislTateof Agra, 1^^: joint niaffis- 
mt« and daputy co]1f<ctor of Agra, ITi Not. 
IfttI; acttns maffistralr ami crilliK^lor of 
A^ra. 13 .MnnJi lM.13; M>cri-tan- and cupcr- 
lnt«Bdeat of Agra CoUeff^ in if*Ai ; mwa- 
tTBi* and colwolor of Agn, 2 Not, 1335; 
and tempoiary aecKAary to lbt> lieulpnani- 
govcmor in political, ^neral, judicial, nnd 
nrmiui]id««rtment«,Sl Keb.lKIT. FromI)i>- 
enabar l03Sto April 1H41 beactMiuSuddi^r 
•atUamnt oJE(«r in Agra, and in 1H4:J pub- 
lished a valuabb' 'Rrtpon on tho SKtlamant 
of the DUtrici nf .^gra.* In 1841 be became 
depaty afe«untani-^;eoenl in Calcutta, and 
in Ifsis one of the dril anditon. From 1844 
to 1849 be was on fiirloufrh, and on hia le- 
tnm to India was appointed a mesilwr of 
tha boanl of adntniJiiration (or thi< aflntrs 
(rf the Punjab, undi>r tlu> pr«aiiloncy of Sir 
Henry MonWomcfy LawTvacefq.T.] In No- 
T<?mb«T 18S0 bu vaa gaMtted tho Ktident 
U Narpur, xrhc^re he mmainAd till I8M, 
wbon k» petiT>^ upon tho Eiu<l India Com- 
pan^> annoilT fund. Hi- in cbi<^fi5' r«ni>«m- 
DfFi>d as the Junior By!mb«r of the board to 
which was ciitrusled the admi met ration sad 
' raoiffUUflaiion of tho l^lDiBb after ilsannox- 
atioa. Ho died at 7 MiUs Terrace, Wost 
Bnfi:lit'>n, oo 19 >'ov. Ik^ 
TOL. zxxn. 

' piIallcsoo'B lUnaationa of an Indian Ofllieul, 
1ST3, p. <l : Edirardetf'BLi'oof SirH. lAwneea, 
ItiT2,ii. ISAoticq.: KAyc/iod MalleaoB* Indian 
Motio;. 1889. ). 37. 6i,-:l. 124; HLr Itiobanl 
Tomple'i Uen and Etsnts nf mt Tims in India, 
1X82, pp. AA, 64; Dodweli and Mi We Bonxnl 
Civil ScTvanU, 1SS9, r" 3)2-13; Eatt India 
EWistcr*. 1813 «t •«i. : K. Bwrwell Smith's 
I.i^ of L/iri Uvrnnaa, 1886, i. 318, 318, 319; 
Time*. 26 Kot. I8«8. p. 6.] fi. C. B. 

(1820-1871 1. mrtaplnaiciiui, bom on Oct. 
1 ^-iO nl tbn ri!»^t'tr_, of t'o-'irfove, Nortbsaip- 
touebin?, was the eldest, ion and fourth of 
the -i^bt otuldren (eix i^u^tcra and two 
eons) of Henry Loni^uoviilo Uoosol (1769- 
18S5), rector of Co^grow, by bin wi& Mum 
Margunt, d..ughior of .\dmiral Sir Roburt 
Moorvom. The Miinwln rvy ttald to hnvr been 
landuwncrs in Bucking! ituuali ire niid Bod- 
fonlshire from th« time of the Conqueot 
( flinfiirical anil Grnealofiuvl ArxmmC of tie 

by William U . Slansell, priTainly printed is 
IS&Ol. They lived at Chichcle^. BuddiLf- 
hamshire. for foorttwoi guiantions, till tn 
t]i« early rvo.n of tha wraatMntli caatury a 
Sanua] Maunsell became vouetaed by mar^ 
ring* of CoR^Twro. wlfTt^^kl'mutly uftcr- 
warda liTsd. John ^^^^^fsutnt raudaun 
of Samuel, bacaine ^^^^^^V<^ ^" killed 
at (be battle of Oo^^^^ViiiDders, when 
i«rvin^ under ibe r^^^^^fork. lie was 
leadihg a brigade of cnvniry in a cbuge 
H'liicb, Bs hilt gnindKon. Hciirv Ijoiig^neviile, 
ftntpd in a li>tti'r to (hit 'Tiimw,' 'lt\ Jan. 
IK.V). KiirjiiiiiM^ till- faiuoiia eborii^u nf thi' mx 
bundmd at Dulaolflvft. (i«u«ml MaiiJuU liifl 
ftmr wim, Ibu eldesl of whom. John Christo- 
pher, retired with the rank of mnjor, and 
lived at Co«|?Mve lioll; th? eertind son, 
Robert, bora monn ndtniml ; thp third. Heorge. 
died in 1)1*18, as captnin in the ifM.h light dm- 
ffootit: and HivtryLimgueritlc,!!))! youngmt, 
field t liii familv living, built the rseiiiry hniim*, 
and livMl at Cob^vd (ill his death. HfntT- 
l^ngusrille. the snn.waa brought up at Con- 
grove, for wKii^ lie retained a strong alToctioo 
Uiroiigfa lifo, and showed earlv metaphysical 
promise, asking* What is raef'in a childish 
soliloquy. Between itw) ages of eight and 
ten hewasat apreparatorvschoolknpl by t)i«> 
Rer. John Coliin« nt Eait FnnidLin, N'lrlii- 
amptonabim. On ^ S«pt. IiK^O bn «at<.'ri.-d 
Mvrcbnot Taylors' School, and wa* placod in 
tho hoiuw of the boad-mast^T, J. W.Bellamy. 
He was inacible, though aasiLy pacified, and 
caivd Ultle for fiames, l>ut aoon showed re- 
markable powv» of concentration and ac- 
quitutiuo. He bad a tery powerful memory, 
and spent all his pocliet-moaey on books. 



fennitijr ' quite a lar^e lilmTv af the Engluh 
p<»t8,' lie VAt fllrpodrn strona- tory, aa 
WcAiDO a int-mber of ad old futnilv of MMWra 
ftad cter^men. 1li> wtoI^ in tL« 'Scliool 
HaicasineSn \m-i-:i, and in ISS^ publiabed 
» volumo of vfiMthfiil vcMw, ' Th* I^moM 
9f the Wintl and ochor Pooms/ An«r hit 
fatbiT'tf dMih ill IBS') liis mother left Cq«> 
grov«,nti(lfrom Iftfclo l.-itSlivodin LooJcn, 
wbi^rc Ijur iwo Boaa (tlie younger, Itobcrt 
Slanl«y, being ali^u at Murcluiiit T&Tlnr)') 
lirod iu her bouse. Iii IMi! hIio rKturm^l to 
CotfTTOve. In ISStj MaiiBbl won th« prlxe 
for Cnf^llob venw and a Hebrew medal ifivfiii 
by Sir Mosos MnnteSore. In 1830 he -won 
two of tho four cbiof classical priies. and on 
II June lM&'wu»nirtriciibtorlnBOBcholDraf 
St. Jolin'fl Collcgv, Oxfonl, IIo wa» a nioilc! 
u&der^Tfldiwti?, ni^vfr Tniwng thtt moniin^ 
aervife at rbnpi-I, rising nl nix, iind, until his 
beaUh iimiiif<'»t ly pihITit-'iI, «1 fmir, ami worb- 
inR bard iit clniHii:!! and inatbi^Miiiics, wliilu 
ttttbe-Miiiic tinich."' waa si>ciablo and popular. 
His privaic tutor fnrbi«ili»st yunrs was Arch- 
deacon lIcMcy, wlm wn* miicli imprcMcd 
by bia thorougbtiPM in Aitacliiiifjr ilifticitb.ies 
nnd bin Mhill in hinniirnnn a-piiliciLtiim of 
panitlHlii U> An»l(il.l«, dniwn from Sbiikr* 
itpmirM or ' Pickwirk.' In tliH Kwtf r lunii of 
1843 he t«oJt n ' double Sr»i.' His vti'd voce 
eocsminHtian is fiaid to have been dituippoitil- 
ina, bpt^aiioe he insiet^] upioii ar^tuinp atrainat 
K nlM RUUiBiitiaii involved in hia examinere 
flnl qiiMCion. 

He bi^gan to tnlti* pupilx diriiolly nf[i>r his 
<le^ree. uiid aooii U'l-nino onii of lint Ifiidins 
pnvato luiors ai Oxford. He wim onlaini'd 
deacon at Christmas 184-1. And priest nt 
rbriflttnns 181^ by the llisbop of Orford. 
He found time lo study bVenob. (iermiin, 
snd lltilww, the Knplieh flivinna. and early 
itcclNiintticRniiELory. Ki>lw*nmiinlHn popular 
in thiicoinninn-room, wliiirir bin lirillinni wit 
nnd meiQory,»ilor('d with imncdoinii anil lito- 
rary hnowlodBw, made him a leader of cnn- 
veraalion. Hii rilroTif;' tory and hi^b ehun^h 
principles madG bim a typioat nxford don 
of the oldw type. He soon published (see 
below} Botnn lri|;icnl tri'atiaoa. xhowiiiir f^reat 
conunaiul of ibn uubjoct, and in iH.'iO pnb- 
Liabed hia witty ' Plirontistnrinn,' an imita- 
tion of Ariatopliani'* — •ipontnni.-ouBftRdnnver 
malevnlent— jup^*sted by tho fommi.'iiion 
appoin!«^ to exniniTie into univi'ruty orgo- 
niaalimi nnd studi.M. 

In IK4H ho «rtod nnsncreuifiillT fop tlve 
flhair of loi^c ajniinat Prar«uor '\Vil11. In 
Oetobi^r It^^l he wa.* cb-ct(M an om^ of tbi- 
metnbera of eoo vocation upon the h«bdonaa<hil 
coiuieil iindt-r th« n«w refciilalioiut. On 
iaAug.l8£S be tBarri«d Charlotte .\u^aU, 

I third daiifrhtcr of Daninl Taylor of OUplian 
ComiDOa. Ho gave up tAldiig pupil*, toougb 
herolaiue'l bis tut<T»liipatSt.Julin'ailiTuig 

' *tft h0U3«<in(h>< Hifcfb blret't. Hewaaafter- 
wa.rda(>l A Drill^&l I elected' prvfeasor follow' 
of Si.J'ihns, Hfbad been enabled to manj 
by bia election to tho rea4«rsliip in aorol 
and raotitphyaical thaoIog7atXa,3dRt(;aC»l- 
logv. Hi* inaufural Ificture and another i 
Kaal wi-Tc published in 1B66 and 16C6, 

ho wrote the arlicle upon mclapb} 

the ' HncydopH'diu Hrilujirika' t«it;bth rii- 
tiont in iSW. He was in the uuiu year ap- 
pointed llaniptoD.l««turerforlH&i^ Allhoitj^ 
fnr from easy lo follow, hia lecltuea were 
huurd by l^rgv iLiidiciic«H. ThcT made a gmt 
iiupreMfliin whc-n piiblishuJ, and Itvl toa uiarp 
coutrovumy. Mnuflpl's tbenry wiw a d«ve* 
!i>|iiiiciit of thai finit ulrtled hy Hir William 
llaniiltoti ill bin urtido umin 'The I'hiloso^iy 
of the t.'ncondiljnni'd,' Hl' aiueil ai provine 
that the 'unconditioned' ia ' incoj^ilaable 
and inconceivable,' in order to meet the cfi- 
tifittns of drisia npon the concoptiooa of 
divini' mtirality i-rabodiod in Bome Jewub 
and rhrixl.inn docirinf-*. Hia antagoniata 
iirifi^d th)ittli<!»riiunicnl thu.tdirvrtixlo^iiut 
' deism' ri'Jillyiold ajniinsc nil ibmm.orwu 
virtually "agn'Mlic' Mr. Herbert Spencer, in 
the 'pro»i«clus'of his philoaophicnl writ io^ta 
I issued March ISfiO). said thathe waa'carty- 
iv^ niitepfunher thedocrrine put into shape 
by HniniKon and Maneet.' F. 1>. Maurice 
(whom Maiisi?! bad alnuuly criliriaed in 
1^4, inn pamphlHi culli^d 'Man'* Concep- 
liouof Eternity") attacked Manael trom ibia 
point of view in " Wliat is Herelouon ?' 
Atansel called this booh ' a tissue of tsisn^- 

ttresentatiniLs without a parallel iu recent 
)tL>mture,' and TBpIied in nu ' ExomiDitian.* 
Mniiriro anKwurud, and woa again aDawuvd 
by Mtiniad. ProfnoaorOoldwin Smith in 186L 
rAnewitd (lia controvttivy from the aana side 
in n uoKtKcript to hia ' Lecture on the Study 
of llistory.'to which Manael also replied in a 
' Letter to Profe«or Hold win Smith." What- 
ever the lej^timate coneluKtcn fmni Monael's 
orpumtmlft, he wm undeniably sinocrti in rc- 

i" iir(;urd tliat bidinf in (ioA waa nuutonablp, 
atthongh our eonflcptiona of the deilj ww* 
inadeoualo; that our religiaua baliefa are 
' refrulalire,' not * speeulative,' or foundM 
rather upon the H)n«cienee than the under- 
Btendinff, and that * rerelalion waa not only 
powhlo, but actual. 

Wbilaeanyingon this oontroveray Mannl 
was aetiTolT amploved in otlier waya. In 
18.SII bo edited (with Profaiaor Vcitcb)^ 
William Hamilton's I««ture«. U« was lekot 
prmcber from October I860 to June 1868 

(he IwM tbe Mine pontlon (inrrwanU from 
Ociob^r IWH* till June 1 ^1 ),«n(l atntribuiL-d 
to 'Mda to Fiutli' (1861), \K^itiA wrilinK 
Tsrioti» Mnaons nad articlu. In IS8& bU 
health i)iiffrn?d fnnii his labours, atid he cook 
« hotiflar Bl>Tua<l, TiBitin; Bomo with hia 
wib. Oa retuniinji, he tinxwml ^fill'ti 
* BxammMioD of Sir AV. IIuDihuti'i Pluln- 
•Ofiby* ID same articles ia the ' CoiitriiiiH>rary 
BsTWw.' aftenrarda republished. Ii<- cri- 
ticiaad Mill's ionoranco of the diKirines of 
Kaal, but breus off with an impRtieiit p\- 
praauun of contempt witboiit t-oinplvting^ his 
anawi-r. Inlft6ali«-«rBan pramincnrraoralivr 
oif tti« oominittw iu support of 31r. <!iii(h<irnt> 
. Hndjr asainat Mr. Gladstone. From iHitl 
^to lw8 ne was euuuininK cfanploiii to tlm 
Biibaipof IVterboro<tgb<I)r. J«unu). Actbo 
cod ot 1866 he was appointed by Lord Uerby 
to th* proTMSonhip or eocleaiastical histOTy, 
vMCant by the drat b of Dr. Shirley on SO Nov. 
Hs*UiT«i«d in tilt- LimC Ivna of IMftHacoum 
of laeturea npoii ' Tku Gnostiii MuTMiM,' 
' BoUiahcd aftor bt> dostb. In thij uunw yaar 
OB WU mninted to the dt-tiitery of St. Paul's 
by BCr. [)ttT>«lL IUb hcAlth wu weahened 
1^ iha pTMnire of busiBisa at Oxfard, luid 
uhad M«B much distressed by thodirMriiou 
inwUirJi thi.1 Dnirrniitvhn/i bc^n di>Telopinf;. 
Hd hofMHl ti) Itnil more U-isuro for binary 
Mojieta in hu nvw position. Thi-rn \n*, 
nawtftv, mui^h to bo done in amnffing a 
tad svttleinent with the iwclesiutiul com- 
auMUHwra, and ho vu Daaeh oeonpi«d in 
Unujitiiijf his share of the 'Speakers Com- 
BWDtary' |tbe lint two i;o«pelit) which lie 
had uniknolcrn in ]»6S. He also toolc the 
laad ia promoting iho now Mhome for the 
dAcevation of thtr c«tbrHlr*1. n« pnld vinits 
witb his wife to bi» Irotbvf-iii-Uw ut Co»- 
fiove Hall during his tcntuv of tbt; duancry, 
•od while stajinff tbeve in 1B71 Imi died 
•oddenly ia hu ueep (30 July), from the 
ruplun'of ablood-veaoeliatbebraio. A me- 
morial window, nipcMaDtiaff tha incredulity 
of 9t. Thomas, wiw oncted to his uitmory in 
the north chapol of St. Paul's Cathudral, and 
UDTiilcd on St. Paul's day 16?0. 

Many of Mansal's . epimm* arv ivmem- 
band, and Dean Hitrgon nas c«11«ctcd somu 
good sptcimciu of bis aayioKS. If n ratlier 
beg* proportion umsiats of punn, some of 
mm 'atracwiiB.' ibeceareaomeieallT Rood 
•mags,afid tbcy#how unforced plnyf^lncas. 
Ha won inTarUbly ch«wrrful, fond of joining 
ia l&e amnacBKnt" of cbildrtm, aud a. niinplc 
osd •fl^ionnlK companion. Thr ' lovr)i»t 
Cmture of hJs characU^r,' sny.i Ilurgoa, was 
his *fKihuai hamilily,' nbirJi i« illustrated 
bf hu readiness to ' proiitmu' bis mwon' htf 
nre levelatioa, having oBoe •atisflMl himself 

llist ibe Rihle was ibv word of Qod. It 
must beadmiiled Uiat this amiable quality 
scarcely ahons itself in liis oonlroreraifu 
wriliogs. lie was profoundly conrinecd thac 
tbc t<»cbiii^of Mill and bis ocliool was 'ut- 
terly mtAdmivoius' n» tending to matprialiKm 
and the di'nial of tbc fiwdtim of tliu will. 
His mt^tapf lyrical ^witioii was lliat of a fol- 
lower of Sir Williuro Hamilton, and upon 
some points liiei diM^ple wan in advance of 
his ninstcr Later developments nf tbougbti 
however, hnve pn»ceetli_'cl iipun iliti'ereni lines. 

Maui'ers works are: 1. ■ Tlii- Uetnons of 
lb.t Wind «ii() othtT Po^niB,' ISIW. i, "On 
lUft Head* of PrwlicablM," IcMr. 8. 'Artb 
Li>i;[icif Kiiilim«iita '(a revised tsdil ion of Atd- 
ricii's'lxt^ric')- 4. 'ScenaAfom oiuuifinUbed 
Drama entitled l*hrontisterion, or Uxford in 
I be NineteentliCentury,' 1850, -Ith edit. I8S3. 
6. ■ I'lulegomenn Lojiica,' a »i?ries of P^ vcho- 
Ingical Kmavs inirfWiiicuiri' to tli<i Seii>ii<?e, 
ISTil. (3. ''The Ijinils !>T Dirmiiiiolralive 
3ci«ncen>in«iclervd'(iu a I.«tlM l« Jlr. W he- 
well), 1853. 7.*. Maa'aConeeplionofKn'mity/ 
1854(ia«l«wer to Jtfturice). >*. ' Payi^hnlogy 
the Test of Moral and Metiiphveieal Philo- 
soiiliy*(inau|piral lecrun>>. 1855, 9. ' On the 
Philo8ophyorKant'(lectiir<>), itCtS. 10. Ar- 
tioli) iin 'lUtBphysiM' in pighth edition of 
< RncyelopnKlia Britannii-ii,' '\Hii~. Rpmib- 
linhod in IS60 aa ■ Meiupbr«i», or the Phi- 
losophy of Consciousnesa, Pb&norai-nal and 
Kent.* U. -Bampton Lectures,' 1858 (two 
editions), 1859 (two editions), and 1807. A 
preface in ntuwBr to critics is added to tli« 
lourlh edition. 1?. ' Kxaniinittionof (he Itev. 
F. 1). Msiirire'* StTit^tiiTiin on tho Hampton 
l.«rtureii of I8.W,' IW» (in iwuwrT to Static 
ricf". ' What i* R4-v«lation ■' ') 1.1. ' Li^tter 
tA PfofoMrT Goldwin StuiUi concerning thft 
Povtscript to bis Lecturo* on the Studv of 
History, 1861. A second l^ttor replied to 
ProfoaeorHmitb's 'Rational Keli|<iun and tha 
KaliottaiiM-icObjeclionKoftbellaiii])!'!!! I^oo- 
lur««forI>;6tJ,'lb<!l. I-I. < Lcn leu Sermons,* 
l»6y. 15. ' Tbo Phil(M^phr of the- Coodi- 
tioQvd : RMDsrk* on Sir W. 1 lamiltonV Phi- 
losophv, and on J. S. MiU'n Examination of 
that I'hiluifopliy,' 1800. 10. ■ L«tUTa, Lw 
tnr«-5, and Uurivwa' (edited by Chandler io 
ItCH). 17. 'Th« Unosttc Ueresiea of the 
Fit»l and Second Centuries,' with Sketch bjr 
l^rd I'amarvon. Cditod bv J.B. l.igblfool, 
U.U., |H7S. Manscl editx-d'JIaaiibiaV l,oo- 
ture* witb Prof'.-wor Vi-itcU in 1(^59; contri- 
buted a ' crilicsl dis«irl«lioii' Iw ' Tlie Mira- 
cW,' by thf Kiglit Hon. .low-pb Nupier,Biid 
wroto |i&n of ' The Speaker's Coniineiitarr 
(see above). 

[Lord CamsTToii'i Sketch. ss above; BoifOR'a 
Twdn Ouod Hnn, lese. ti. 149.^37.) L. & 





(if. U'ti5), k->.-pvr •>r iLl' seal anJ caiiRfiel]or 
of IIcnrvill.WMtlwsou of utountiy priest 
IMai'i, Irakis, v. ISU), aoirGumstnncc wtiicb 
probably cxplniiut the uDuiJiDtiun iLut be wus 
of itleijitimiitc \j\iliii_Piaaia licyrw immiittv, 
ji, 7-11' I. Wi'L-vyr. Uowi'ver. nuyslltulbu Uiwl 
seen a pt'du'ri'i.' sUovnijf liia Jeecfijl. from 
I'liilip dc Manscl, who caiuu over wiili tbc 
Coniiucrnr tFaiirrall MonumertU, p. -7^), 
kiid uiirki- iniil«'» bim a dcMivndunt of Ilcnry 
MauW'l, I'liliwl ^^)Il uf t'tiilip ilhrviant aad 
Ji/'tiiK't Pfcragr, p..1*i4^,liul lliiwntn1i'.nii>iit» 
ari! iippiJM'tl to i\n: knt>w'n fiii:!-,'. MnriJicl 
WM bpoiiKbt «p from i-arly j-omli utruurt 
(^Ftndera, i. 4141, bul ilie tirat tueniioti of 
him isnofi July 1234, 'rheuhii wasappoiiit^il 
\a reside nl thi? exchequer of nxrt'ipt and to 
haTe one mil <'f ibi- -niid rcc-ipi (Maikii, Ei-- 
cAe^fttrr, ii. 'A ). Tlietifliccthiiscmvti.i:! seems 
to bavc biM'ii a n<^w irnr, ninl wns pri>Ijiibty 
that fif (■hiiQei.'lliir of tbi- »A.i.'.liPiqitL*r, wlilcb is 
Ami spoken of by name a tvvr Yv*n later. 
SoontifterL'a!.lcr"l23t* tleiiry IIId«Bpatchad 
a force iiniler llcnry de Triiblei-illa to aid 
tliP KmppMr Fiyrfprick in his ^a/fars with 
ihv ciliwof niirlluTii Ttiily. 3lanael aceom- 
panii-fl T be rJL|ii.Hlit iuit, and diMtit]^ui«lic<l bim- 
•vlf at tile ('aj>tiiritiir\Hriiiiiii ritii« during; thn 
auuiuierauiliiitiienBrfnreinjtb ibc Milaii«M. 
After bis n-iuni lo Elu^Iuud Maaiol ww iu 
1341 pr«««tited to tbe prebenil of Thaaie by 
ft papal prriTision.aiid iadwpitvof the bi&hop, 
Kubrrt ununvlnlv. (irocmt««te^rafihighly 
tadiffnani at tlm infringpinant of his rights, 
■ltd Slaa»i'l ralbitr (ban cpoat* troublo villi- 
drew hia clalui, and obCaitwd 'at nwniu|N-nw 
tlte beneflcea of MaidsiOB* and l[i)wdi-n. 
Next year Mansel accompanied ihit kiiu on 
hie expedition to brauce. and dutinnishad 
liiiBMlf ia ibo tif;ht at Saiates, on & Jul;, 
wlwa be nnborM'd Pel«r Onge, Maeschal of 
th« Count of BotilogB*. In the apriiig of 
1343 31 vuwl was pn>*«Bt at tlia nag» of tb« 
maoast«ry of \ ^nrna, la lbs dapartaoat of 
CbareDle-InftnMue ; be apun dutti^uiahcd 
htntaelT bj Ilia TiMmr and oonraee, and wu 
M<r6n>Ir woandMbj a atMM kurlcd from the 
wall. On hia racovwr aft«T a I»n^ illn««B 
ba ro«« v«l hi^bfF in lli« rrnntl farour, and 
in 1944 ibe kuu tnade him'bti: chii-f cnun- 
•eltor. If« haa nturatd tn England with 
the kin^ in Senttmber ISiS. 

On 8 Not. 1346 )lanwl KCtiv*d cuModT 
of tb* gtmt aeal, wliieli olSev bo bcld till 
48 Aug. 1417. wben bu fturrmdcrvd il to 
iro on an Mnbaiwy for tbo kiiiff {Bc4. Pat, 
81 n«a. Ill, m. -iy U« doea not appMr to 
kATelwM tfa«titl««feban«*U<if,f<ir]JatlWw 
Pftfiaapeakaoflunitini^yw* bating ciuK-dv 
oflb«aM] tofilltbcoSccaaddutjofdMB- 

cellor' (iv. 6U1). Tlic ol^ect of Monail^ 
fomij^ misaion WEt« to treat f<^r a marriaee 
bctwcun t lio k ing'e vm Edward and thv daugb- 
tiT oflbc Duki-of Hmbiuit ; ib^negotialioo* 
pnjvi-il fulite. and Jii 1248 Manovl n:lurned 
lu^ Eui;Laud. Ou 17 Aug. U'4)> h« aK*ta l«- 
caived custodv of tbo grv&t ae4il, and held 
it tills Sept. 1->19. InOctobcrofthcIaM^r 
year h« wa» lakcii ill, it wneeuid frnm poivon, 
at Mnidetunc, On 7 March Vl'fi ho took tba 
cr«M dong with lliu kin); □u'l many noblM. 
In J unc bu wtt* ano of tbo entcttainera i3tf~~ 
p^nrral cbapleroftkeDuuiiiiiGaita tkenl 
held in London. 

As ib« foremost, of the royal counsellon 
.Mnnii«l woa employed by Tlonrr to obtain tlH 
bishopric of \\ inchc»t«r for hn hnlf-brotbcr 
Aymer Tq. \,j in ."^uplcmUT liJiVI. Hi* influ- 
ence M'ith ibr king nialilr-d bim tu inU»crdo 
sucreN^fuU^'inWhalfuf llMirydeBatbe[q.T.1 
unil of Pliiltjt Lovt^l (4. V.', tbaugli in Goth 
eM»i» bis apuiicaltoD was at first refused. IIo 
alao iuterraaed for Kichud of CroxIt>y, abbot 
of Weatmiiucer, and waa appcnntrd,ioK«tbrr 
with TS*xi lUchard of Comwnll, to arbitrate 
between tlu>ibbut nud bi^convrnt. IntheaB 
cotes MaoAvI vrni adini; im bt-balf of laea 
who had Itwa hi* rolleagiiea in public ltfi>; 
uioni qutittionabl« wnt Ilia support of hia 
bnitli*^in-Iaw, Sir fieoflrey Cbildemke. in 
Im ijiiarTel with the abbey of Sl Alhana, 
which dispute wa« through bi« influencie d^ 
cidedagain«t {li«abher(MAlT. Paieui, v. ISU, 
234; Gtrta Abbaluni, I 3t&-L'0). ManMrl 
biiuse4f waa at tbiiitinin(12{jl'-2)enn9edhi 
a diBput« with the abbe? of Tewkeabury as 
to tbutiiheaof Kingston Manor, hebeinffihen 
rvctor of Ferrinp, Sussex. The quarrel wr- 
decided by ibe arbittatioa of tbe biabapi 
ChichasteT (.•fa*. .Vow. i. 147-t)>. tn- 

autnmn of Vi5l bo was omidoyed ^ 

inieaion to Inuil fur m-acu with SoMland aad 
arraiifD a marriage MttrMa Aleuoder III 
and Banry'a dMuhter HaiMKt. In li>as 
b« aeeompuued Ibe latg u> Gasrony, and on 
15 May was sent with William de Rttloa, 
biiltop'df Bath and WelU, to tnat with 
Alfeoaa of Oaatil* ; in this eommianoa ha is 
deaeribed sa the bng'a mcmut^ (AaAn% 
i. SOO). Tbt ob^ of thm buhkib woo to 
arrau* for a Eaamaca hetweoa tfaa kan^ 
•on Swafd aad AlfeMo'k Mter; the ■»- 
BAMMMaafial, bot a neond one in 

• aijpud 

F^broary IS&t, in wbiA Haaeel alas task 
part. £u«d b«tt«r, aad the treaiT waa 1 ' 
>^ t April. In ll>« (i>Il6wiag0^db«r .'' 
was pnvaent at Kurj-oa, on tht eee 
Edward'a tnamag« to Ekanor of 
Ihiri^ tbaai aegotiationa W had ahiwncd 
froi Alfoaao a charter r ca oaiicinj: any r^ghf 
that he had in Oafcosy, aad alao thv gnat 

^■rUin tibenies for pUgrinu going to Oom- 

S-IqUa. Id Si-plomMr 1255, Mkni«l nnd 
elwnl drCt&rv, fii of Gloucester, were 
sent to Eitinburgh to innuirv into thu trnii- 
BratoflhijjoaR^qunrnMnr^rrt. Thiitileli- 
OBb* aauaioii wai* snocixmfiiUy [irrfanued, aod 
M«nr*rM and fa«r husband were raleaudfrom 
th^ tuiv]aire of Robert d« Ros and Jobn de 
Iktial(CW.Z>aM.&of^i.381-a), Asacon- 
■aqnance of his negotiations vith the pope. 
Bony nX had Brreed to go to Ap'tilin and 
gnMBOiita hia aoa MiDUDdsclnimsinpsnoiu 
For thia jNiTTOw he desin-d a frr->T matagv 
tfaroa^ Fran(n.i. nndon :24.rAn. li^^i Maiwi^l 
waa BUit ^> In^l with IjiaU IX (Fa-'iBra, 
i. ddS). On •to Jan. Hvnrv wnite a Inng 
leUvr t« Hanwl irlih n^fertne^ to lh« aflalrs 
of Oaiconv bimI C&ntile. Riving lilm full au- 
tboritT to deci'Jo tbe mntter on account nf 
hia gnmt knowlcrf^ of tin- ■ubjt<ct (^'fib- 
LBT, ii. 110-11^. In Jun«T MiiriiH.-l wait friit 
with tha> Karl itf 01oiie(»l»r to nortuaiiy, to 
Bagotiati! witli thui-Ii'i-iDrv tut to tbt< choice 
of nichard orComwall to he Itinu of the 
Roaunt. Aitormuotibarirauiiiigand bribery 
theirsbjeet n-as accoinpliFihed b,v the election 
of Kichnrdon 13 Jan. I3b~ (Ann. Mon. iv. 
lit!). .Mannpl WM back in Ktifftand in limn 
for tlii.i I.eni parlimnvnt on 'i'l March. In 
JuBah<.'WmKaiipoint>-<l,wit)i Simon iJa Mont- 
fort and oth^M, to tmal with tko pope ai to 
Sietly, but Ane* not anpi-'ar to nave left 
Kngfasd {F9i*ra, i. S6»-00). Uiirinf? the 
flwnaisr both of thia and th« following ypvr 
be waa tnf»fpA in the noTtb nf Knclnnd n.nd 
tnSootlandnntoitdtonfl toarmn^thi^ di(put<> 
bKvacn Alosander III nnd hi* nbuinoiu 
aal^aeU (i». i. S47, S76; CaL Daej. Stall. \. 
SISl, SISS; ChKOH. dt Malira*. p. IM), In 
Junarr 1358 be held an examination of the 
Otric oAc«Taof London at th« Uiiildliall.and 
day i a o d mvmmI aldonnen {Lih. d« Ant. Lrffi- 
Am*, pp. nO-7. Caiiiili-n Sitr.; Ann. Lmii. in 
ra«™. Kite. I nnd II, \. fiOl. 

Wb«aat tlx-Miliamt'tit uf Oxford in Jun« 
1359 tlenrr litd to oMrnt to a nvw »cb«iDi.- 
of pnvmtDont, ' tli« pnivisiona of Oxford," 
3taBaelintanaiiM!doD«of tbrroj-al reprtaen- 
tatiTva on th« committee of twut^-fonr, and 
faariaff proTioualjr been one of tbo (ico rajrat 
daeton appointed for it« choiix-. la Mnrcb 
b« wu acaocJatard with tbe Knrk of Leicester 
and Olooocat«r and otfacra in thv missl'un to 
Fiance, which led totheabanclnnm<.-iit (ifttit^ 
Ea^isb king** daima on Nonuatidy. I ii May 
he waaeiDpIiivrdwiihihi- Karlof (iUmwu-ifr 
to uiufp: xbie soKtnugfi \><!\.vtxa Xlcaxy'^ 
duiffeter Beatriev and John of Brittajijr 
(JHNbtfM, i. 192, ae6). In Uclobn bo was 
whb the qneen at St. AlbuMfand in the fot- 

[owingtoomh accompiLQtf il the kiiitrto Prance 
(cf. SiiiKiET, ii, 15:?. IS.'j). When Kilward 
qtinrrrlhvlwilh liis fulhcr inlf^ffi), Manaelaud 
Riclianl, rnrl nf T'loilCMttT, ■wc^'^ tho ooljf 
royal (•imri?rllnri wlm ■wcrf ndmiiti.'il freely 
tx> the kiwtr's pr'""-tiir. In .AugiMl l*2tlO tbo 
temporal! I iif^ of Diirti^m wrre rnlriuccd to 
^[(Lll9t-l during the vacancy of ihe »*, and 
while in charge of the bishonric he unl«iv 
Inincd tht^ king nnd queeu ot Scotland in 
October (Florrt tfUt. ii. 45.5; fii/. Doct. 
Smtl. I 21'OJ). 

MaiiX'l U said to hare advisrd Hobit to 
withdraw from ' tho jirovi!»if itw ' ( Akh. Jhoh. 
ir. \2!^). and in >Carcl l^tH Iltrnry waa com- 
pelled lodbniiMhtinfroinhisoHiricil. Man- 
uel took r«fuge in the Towvr. but when in 
.Muy li«l<>arut of the removal of the baronial 

i'liKiidnr and chancellor by Ihc king, In* l«ft 
jOiidonb}' itti-ulth nniljoint'cl llfniry at Win- 
cbextRr. Mannnl wanappiirMilU' alnrmii^fur 
the coii»eiiui-uces of HuiiryV nHion, and by 
his advice the king then eaaiM tn London; 
no doubt he was llenry'b adiLser iu bis sub- 
se:^uent vigorouH action with regard to the 
npp liniment (if the sherifii. 

On o Joly hi* wan one 'if tlir nrbilmtort to 
(lu'ciile all gn>uudH of ili»piit>- biiiwi-ttn thu 
king uiid the Eart and Couniuiiw nf I^icK4t«r 
(.SiiJiitEr, ii. 175). In Xovemlwr he waa 
one of the arfaitratorii apfKunted to decida 
tile diepvite as to the ap|)ointmeiit of the 
glierifl'6 {Ann. Mtm. iv. Il'il). On I Jan. 
ll!(J2 the council i-linTff^d Mnnsidwith having 
Klirmd up Ktrifo Iwlwcpii the king and hia 
noblca.but Ilcnryon th« sanitidayaddTi'SAod 
a wnnn letter of d«feiico to the R'nuon euria 
{Fitiifm, i. -IIJ), It was tIirouf,'h ManaeVa 
exerlionii that in the fiiUowirf; month a 
papal bull was obtained, securing for Henry 
t.ho fuUe«t rcEi'AM from all hia ubligatioiu 
(SiimtiT, ii. aOH). In July he went o\-op 
with tfau king to I'mncw lu keepor of tho grvat 
•cal, bul r«iigned the ollici' on 10 Oct., and 
after that date is again called tb« kind's aecw- 
tBTT. He n-tunuJ f o Eugtuml with the king 
on 20 Dec. When o|>eu war broke out in tbu 
following aiiring, Mauael was one of the chief 
objects of Ilia barons' wralh. .^ft^r ^belter- 
ing for t'Omo time in the Tower, he proccsdod 
Moalthily with the king'» too Edmund to 
Do\<T, and llMnce mt 20 June crnt»«J over 
to Boulogne, llcury of Almntnci, then a eup- 
portvr of Dc Muntforl, purtuliig him In hot 
naste. Ail ht.> lumla In Ivuvlnml wi-rv be- 
Atowed ou Ue MotitfortV hiu hiiii'>ii. Maiiaei 
never retumeij to England i be wan iiresertt 
at the Miae of Amious on '2H Jan. ]^u4, and 
in February wa» acting for llrarv iu hia 
negotiations with Louis IX. Af\cT t^obatilu 
of Lcwca lio was one of tbo rovalUta who 




ondenTmired to coI1ec?t b force for the inTasioTi 
of EnjfUiK!(iffr. df Anliijiiif l^ihiu^p. 67— 
89; CJir^a. EdiP. 1 mtil 11, i. (M). He died 
in Franoj in jrrwil pnvnrlj-, about the feiwl. 
of St. Kabinti, -io Jan. !:;*> (lA. i. tS« ; Chmn, 
AtMailran,^. 214). 

Mnn*<-I itcijuinid an ill-nnine ns Uic boliler 
flf aamuToua bc'tiftficoa: lio is jiiiid to hare 
hod ui man^ as three liiindred, so thnt ' there 
WM no woalthier dork in tlie world.' Even 
ia \'ili'2 \m ntiniinl rt>nts were estimated aC 
fftur thoiiaond nmrka (Matt. Pasis, v. afifi), 
nnd another «st.iinnti> ptitu t,Wm im \i\^\t »■ 
ei(f!it«en t.Lrniannd(f"'Arori. rf*^fa/i»*i",p,214 ). 
On SO Aiiff. I:i5ii be x-ntiTtnincd Ilonri' ftnd 
ElcMiit'ir, tiio l(iup (lud i)uc<.'n of Seotlnnil, and 
mAny uobW iil a uHijernifiwut. bonquet, siicli ' 
iia no dcrk lind e»t*r uivtjn (Umt. Pamc, \. 
676), llis cliif>f prcfvrmeate, with t lie dat«s 
of bis nppointnieiil, wi'r« : cLaoct'lkir of St. 
Paul's, '2X Mny 1^11'; di?nii i>f Wimbornt* 
Miiuter, ]!f Dtc. lS4ti; provost of IkverleT, 
1247 ; Bccmrdiiip t'>Pii(tdi»ie he h«dr«8igru>d it 
bv 1^51, bul bu iantill ^lylnl proviMl in 1^08 
(i/pnn*(. ■<^.,p/. vi. ]307,4H^-3; cf. JWer^t, 
i.SSii); IriirtHLirBr ufV'jrli, Jftiiuii.r_v 12"iO, At 
various times be Lfld [irebcinJs ut Loudon, 
Lincoln, Wells, ClticbcsltT, York, and Bridg- 
nOTth in Sliroii^biri' ; bi> eXbo Uold thu buno 
flooe of llooUin, Yorliishirt' {C/irott. de Mrl»a, 
ii. 112), Wi.^iin, llfwdwi, Fcrriw); in SiWii-ex, 
Sawbrid^iiwurtb in Dorwrt, imd Maidstomi in 
Kont. Ilu I'll citiid I'f biiw nrfutii^ uidm tbiin 
one UiBlioi)rii'. 'I'Iil- MMlroao chrrmider ru- 
latfa btsw whoii lie had ciii one ciciraiiioii ob- 
tained a fiiir W'uelife of 20/,, be eiclainifd 
' Tbis ivilt j>TOvidi.' for ray duec.' lie founded 
fcpriorj- for .Xiutiii cntions at HilMnpton. near 
Rnjniu'v in Knit, in June l^-'iS, according tii 
hifl cbnrttT, ISfii^ according to Mnl.tbvw 
Piiri*(v.(i!XJ-l ; T)voTtii.\.r.,Mnnml. Aiiij!.\\. 
49'2-3). It in not dear Ibai bi> \» iXv. JoTiii 
Man»el wbani .Tnlin of I'oatoise, bishop of 
Wiuchoater <rf. lS(.tfi\ in hi* bequest to the 
univiTBity of Oxford , de.&ired to be held in 
ram tun bran CI- { MuniiH/'nta Amd^micn, i. H2, 
ii. 1(7 1 , Kutt>i .Sit, 1 ,\a ri'dor of Wigau be 
obtainnl ihf tint cbnrterfor lliot town un 
26 Au^. \2i6. 

Msniiel imrurred mucli rxliiim aa having 
bean Henry's chief nilviser during thu Iook 
era of liia unpn]>ii]anly, and also on account 
of hia Tiwt accumnliition of preferment. An 
tfccliwinvlii: only from thi? castnni of hin limB, 
ho wna nofbiiiljl niori> nt hiimein tlK-ciundl 
cbnoibitr or i!V<'ii the bntth>-rii>ld than in Lli<> 
church. But wbalcivitr biit diiui4!ril«, hi< intmt 
oeHnJnly have bi>t>na cnpahtn and diligmit 
admin iatralor. Hf served bis ma.iler with 
nnawcrviii^ loyalty, and waa atruefri«nd lo 
muiy of his oollea^oB. 

In the inqiiiaiiioD of Mansel's eetetas bdd 
attuT hi!« clt^ai h il tras n>portw) (hat his DMiwt 
heir was unknown ; t.hem i», howtivor, i 
ferenca to a c-uUNin AuiabiUa du Rjpun (( 
ffiwi. i. 11«). Aaoording to tlm mate 
in Uurke, Mansel married Joim, daugibtor of 
Simon Heauchanip of Bedford, and lo(\ thiee 
aonFT Henry, aucestoroftheextinct bamneU 
v( thai name and of }tamn Miinsell of Mar- 
fpun ; TliomnA.nnctueinritf 8ir Uicbard .Manwtl 
of Muddli'iii'Drah*', GArmartlionahira; and a 
third fr»m whom diuiftcnd the MaunKola nt 
Limerick iDormant Peennff ; Jbironrio^: 
Ixtn^ted Gfntn/), But it I* ftxtpcmely un- 
likely that an epcleaiaatic in Manuel's position 
shnuld have contracted anyaort of raarriHg*^ 
Morr probably tliereha* been some <"i>nru»ion 
with a nnnniisAkf ; another John Mansel ia 
known to liavo hnid lands at Roisain^tofi, 
Vorlwbiri', in tbft reign of Hi-nry III. 

[>Litth>ii<ir Piirix: AnnaliH M(>njititi>ri; GcrriM 
of CiintorliiiTy ; Chron, Inward I iwl II ; Fiona 
UiHturiiirum; f^birky'a Jt-jj-iil iind ilisloriod 
Letlen {fill thu-ie aro in iho Roll* Per.); Ri*- 
(Uaniil. ^oc); MolroM Clirunidv (Bnnualyiia 

CIcib); Rviii'irBFofdiMTi (R»cjr.! cd-); I* KevVt 
Fniili Efd. An^l. : Fosa'ii Judftd«f 
301-7: t-'iimpUuirsLivwcifilia |jinlC.*liatinillan, 
i. 135; liridiiamMii'* Il*titrv iif Wjjpir Chuftfh, 
i. 4-3u (Cbvthitiu Soi-ioty); oihrr noiborittM 
quoiod.] C. L. K. 


1(*i;0>, birlio[i of Ilrlotid, bom ei Pembroke 
2 April MiiH, wiLH sun of William Wo^an 
.Mnnael of Punibrokc, who married Ajni& 
dnupliter of Miyor Itonrfjr Ixtrt of the royal 
WeLib fuBiliera. H« wi-nt to the gnuntnaT 
Rchuid at. Glniiia-iilrr. and -wiis iidmitlcd aa 
iH^n.'iiiini'r nt Trinity r;i>lleg(i, Oamhridgr, on 
^ Jan. 17711', gnuluatiiiif Tl.;\. l(7.t, \f.A. 
1T7T, and D.D. I79B, (lis college appoint- 
menls were ncholor 2fi April 1771. junior 
fellow 1775, full fellow 1777, sublector Be- 
cundiiB 1777-S, lector lingnni Latinir 1781, 
lector prininrius \'^2, lector lingnre linpcm 
I7H3. )iinior dwin l7SlI-.t and 17t*i'». and 
cutwbiBl S) April 1787. llii> Latin letter to 
hi* rt'hiliv, vlie- \\k\. Michael l^iirt i"(), v.], 
Koliciiiiiir his 'vote for fb<> fdlowsdip.' la 

Srinteil in r*ichols'a*Literary Anecdolei,' ii. 
7'1-i'i. Mansel was ordained in the Kiighsh 
church on 30 June 17M3, wna recotnmendpd 
bv Trinity College tn th« Hisltip of I'^lr for 
tfic Beqni'Btrntion of llm livinii"! HottiJuim, 
nwtr t ambridge. wbimi ho iriwTti-d in thi* 
ntgiaters a singular entry n-enriliug the death 
uf Snamtt Jcnyna ( Wiuncium, Entf!i»k Libr. 

S. 29n), and was presonted by his college, on 
Nov. 178S, to the viaaroge of Chctttenon 
in Cambridgeshire. Whiio tutor at I'rituty 




CoUeg« lie Bumfanrod VBon^ his pnpila tha 
Duk« of OteucaatAr and Spencisr Pereevtl, 
and «u f^cnenUy known ta the chief wit 
uid nuni« of iu?iid?mic society. Hib popu- 
luitr led \o his election as 'public oralor 
in 171SM, and during his t<>nut« nf that offitro 
to 1"(W h*i oftwi prewbod bi>rof>> thv iini- 
vttnitv. itnA tt^k part in c<^iinty pnliticf. 
ThHHigh I'eTenvnl'A rKwmracmlfttion hrt TrftS 
Appmiitod hj Pilt, on :2!> Mny \1VS, to rhit 
nuutenhip of Trinity, in onli-r thitt hi^ strans 
dincipline miglit ornrft iMuit* nbuiKfS which 

ll&ii Cn'jit iaUt tta idiumistnili'^ii hut it &)>- 

p«*rsfr<jm thecolkK« n-wrils tlmt there bad 
iMvn Kme ioforiDntilv in bis »<liiiia$ioii, a» » 
MCOndj^nt WM'ibtiuiuH] frfiin I tivcrov,-n, nnd 
bo wae admitt^ ' according to du<; form ' on 
4 July \79V. H<?w>* vicc-clmncclkrof tku 
nnivcr»ityfort!wy«i«rl799-lS00- Pcrcoval, 
tb« prime minialrr, aclcclvd Mnutwl for the 
biahopric of Ufi^tol. t" which ht- v/iu coiiee- 
CTkteJ on 304)ci. IbDt^, uidiu lua capacity of 
cbaaccllor of the duchy of Lancaetor the 
amaat ' frirnd ' prpecntcd him to the rich 
Tvctory of Barvrick-iD-dtnct ia Vorksliire. 
He dtol at tbo attutrfs loclp-, Tnnitv CcU 
lepw, on 27 Jnni! It^iO, WigvA fi?*. anil -wttta 
buried in tin- chnind on ft July. Hinuortntt, 
poiaurd by T. kirhby and enicraveu by W. 
bay, wna 'piiblisbed on I May iSV2 by II. 
ilamden & Son of Cambridge. A socond 
portrait, c I chvd by Mn% Dowsnn Tamer from 
ABbrTcJ] bvO,, apnvat4M)Ut«,isdu(«d 
in ISI'i (\y, yiiuLuft, lliag. Sieidket,i.4ii). 
Hi* aniu, impnlintir ihir^r of ilit> nee, are un 
tbe <if;gaii tcrvrn in KriJilol CaihtMlral [liC- 
TSSaWB, Bri»rol Oilhedral. eA. 1888, p. fil ). 
Uuuel was th« aulbnr of two senootis 
ri610 and IdlS). and Spenctr Pi-rcoral ad- 
oreMod to him in 1^0^ a printed letter in 
■Bpportof his hill for providing nitditinuiit 
cnram. Ilia j«iat« and viTTm-s obtained icn-nt 
AiMl Many of hi* ifpi^raroit and iHlIen 
hsTS appeared in ' Notea and Queries,' ifad 
m». Ix. 48a. X. 41-2. 2»S-4. lii. 221, 3rd ser. 
■iL486; in Ounoin^f'E ']C#iDiDiscraCfB.'i, 65- 
G6,IH-&.3ir.ii.l01:andin Bishop Charles 
WotdswoTlfa't'Annalsof my Early Life,* pp. 
OB-70: Rogen mcprMKHl the wish that muin 
OD* would collect liu i.-iMgrams, w tlwy w^ro 
'npnarkablynmaandeluTur.' Amanuacn^it 
eoUection of tbeu ia known lo bai'o been ui 
tbe |idMaMiou of Proferaor James Cummin^ 
[q. T.l, rector of Xonb Kuncton, >'orfalk, 
•t bis death in 18fll. Some poems to him 
by T.J. Malhine sre in the tatter's * Pn«ae 
Lineho,' 1H|0. and'Odit- lAtinax' On«,«up- 
1 la br nd il r«MMNl to him by a parrot whicli 
1 nuglccted, was print«& Mparalely. 
loot. aia«. 1890, pt. i. p. eSTi l^'Sw'^ 
~SU, i. SSI, iij. Sll, «IS, 670; Walpote'a Par. 

coval, i. 48. 385 ; I>y«c*» Tttble Talk of RoffM, 
p. M; .\nnaal Biograpliy, vi. 44D-1 ; Cooptr's 
Annali of Osmbnilge. iv. 425, 4JI. t)», (U2. 
4U0; icfonnatioo from the ]t«v. Uvrunl Pea* 
cock of Fromr. and from AUi.i WriKhi, ran.. 
Wlo* «f Ttin. Colt. Oambriddo.] W. P. C. 

MANSELL, FKANl'LS, D.U. (1679- 
lii65|, prinoipn! of Jr^uA Co1l«|i^, Uzfonl, 
third sou of Mir Fruncii ManwU, bart., and 
his first wife, Catherine, daughter and Wir 
of Henry .Morgan of JJudiUNUODnbo, Car- 
mnrtbeashirf, wna bom at Muddkaoombtti 
and ehrictened on TbIul Sunday, 38 March 
157K-1). lU wns oducat>.Hl at tlit,' frvcschool, 
Ili-rrford, and ninlriciiluliiil a» n. couuiuuer 
from .I=iusr,>lI,-^',-,(Kion!,;;<l Nov. Itjy?. He 
cradualwl B.A. 1>U I-iU ItiOBD, M.A. r, July 
mi, aO. Mid U.I), on 3 JilIt1«J4. an! 
stood for a fdlow^hip nt All Souls in 1613 
*B» fguudcr's kiiisiuuu, but that- ptctcusioti 
boing disliked, caiu'.- in ul ihuuvxt clwlion' 
{Lift, by 81K LcoiOSK Je»K[5«^. On tlio 
Junth of Gnmib l'ow«U, 28 June l6iU, 
Mati»cU iea» vloctrd principal of Jmus Col- 
lege, aud was admitted bv tho vico-chancel- 
ior iu auile of nrotcnts from other fellows 
who had oppwed ihi- rlcclion. On 1-4 July 
M aoMll expeik-d threi: of bin opponnntn from 
thoir follow8liipj.andr>ullie litii, by llm au- 
thority of the Tice-cliancvllor, he proceeded 
a^intt a fourth, liis poeiitoit does not. 
how«vtT. Bppr*r to hnvc been secure, and 
bt'fiins ihL- rx|iinition of th^ryrnr he neaiencd 
the pruicipalnhiu and rctlrttl to his fellow- 
ship at All SimlB. Ilia jtucotwor, Sir Kubultr 
i'htlwall. having dit-d on 8 ()i;l. Iflilrt. Man- 
fell wnsu second, time elected principal. In 
thennniu year he became rector of Eaaing- 
tnn, 0)crnrdi>hire, and in \^\ of Btinley 
Clui]>el, Kent, ptrlo-ndflry of St. Davids, and 
irraaurer of LlandnlT. 

.Mansell'ii »ec(>nd ti^nuro of office was 
marked by eatiildenthl« «it<>n(ion of the col- 
lege buildings. Thelwair* libnirv, which 
do>r* not seem to have been sal i«fa<:tory, was 
piiUiHl down, and the north and iOMxi. ndns 
of the iinuT qnsdranr'e were complttled. 
Manxell woe imlefntigiilile iu collectiDg eoa- 
tribiil ion*, iitiil fn)ni bin own pnrw enriched 
the college ivjlh revonnt* and boneficeii. Be 
was compcllud lo leave Oxford in 1048 t« 
look after I he alhiir* of bis bmlbar Anthony, 
who had been killed ai the batllu of Naw- 
biiry, and for the next few yean rendered 
etlicivnt help lo the royalist party in WalM. 
Ili-nslnnied tolook after thecoUegeiatcreMa 
«faen thit parliameiitaiT vintation opened in 
I&17. He WHS «j«ct<ul from the {irincipabhip 
and retired to LUni rithyd, Glaraorganshire. 
where h« was aubjuctMl to e«iuNd«rabl« per- 
seeution and annoyance at the hands of 


tha pnriuiw. In IWl he t^aia Kixiraeii to 
Oxford ftod took up liia reeid»ac« wiih » 
bshsr in Holywell Strwt; bat during ihe^ 
DRtt rev WW invited bjr the fcUows, in re- 
turn ur hia good olGcc*. to t«ke rooBW in 
Jmas College, wlwn he rcouiiicd tot tit^l 
jraara. Hii saaxmon ib thr |iriacijwlwip 
w«i« first Michxet Rn^vrt* and ihniFtancis 
llijarel), biit aA«r thi; Ki-Aioniton Muiaell 
wur«in«Ut«daiil Au)r. 1660. 'Thedenrw 
iif mm and Mpectnllv dimne>^«f sij^hl'ia- 
AaeA hira to naign in liWI. uid, gradually 
beoomiiia' tnon infinn. h« di«d on 1 May 
1065. Then it an inscription to hii memory 
in Jeiiu Cxill«ge Cliapol. 

[Lif« of M*rtl'. bv iSr Levliae Jealuna. 
printed but aot poWatitd. ISJ-i ; W«<xi'* 
At.hnMB OzoaicDM*, iii. 91)3 ; Fj>-ti, i. 416, ii. 
23! ; UitUtrj and AntiqniliM. ii. 31S, 319 ; LilV> 
nnd T1n««, fd. Clark, i. 338,382. ii.SJ; Bvke'i 
KaliiM dDcl Ii-jnnant B«roo4>rrif«; FoatOTa 
Alnnoi OxoDieiwo. lJaa.l7Lt: Oxfind R»- 
lh««r. 4>d. Chrk : Q<>lt*gca of (hLford. cd. Cluk. 

8 p. 70-3 : Willijifn»'it Knioent Walahnui ; 
nmiwa'ii Bi^Bt«r of tiM Vinton of tli« Univ. 
ofOsfofd.] A. F. P. 

M AN8ELL, Sm ROBERT (l&"S-iaS8>, 
admiral, horn in 1673, the foiinh eon of Sir 
Edward M&n«ellof Mar^tn,(.tlHTnonran"liirv 
(d. 16B&J, and of his wifi", ihn l.iidy ,J«tio 
WorwMteT (rf, 15WJ. Throiiph rhcfiamngK-s 
of CoitT hft wft* n^tab^d tn I.,fiTd Hiiward, 
UiA lord admiril [»<>*■ Howaho, Cmieles, 
K«st OF NoTTisoiiAJt], with M-liom, it ia 
■aid, ho UtA w«iit to- B<>B. Thlj would Mem 
lo imply tlint he opi-vetl ajpiiBst thp 'Ttiirin- 
cilil^' Armatla in 1A)W: but. nothing it diii- 
tinctly mentioned till 15H4t, M-h^n lio Aorvoil 
in tbe ospodition to Cadtx und«F Howard 
and the Uarl of Emcx, and wai knig-bt«d. 
In l-'>97 ho waa captiiJn of lite Mer-Honour, 
c.amins' Eiiiwx'b llujc in 'the IsUnd*' Vov- 
agti,' III Juuitury IJiSS-C be wvnt out in 
ooriimud-l uf a euiall squadron i>o tho coaet 
of Irtilatid, und in Auini" 'BOO was coio- 
maDJiii^' in ilia Nurrow Sen?. As hie forci; 
waA w£Tft)i, Sit Iticltard Lcrcoon ij.v.], com- 
init home from tlir coniit 'if Spain, wn.s or- 
d«M.-d ti mipiMrt biia. It wqb onl.v for ix 
otiort time, nnd on ^Otrt. ln^ foiifilit it ^vuftu 
diifl in Niirfolk wiili Sir Johu rlnvdoTi ^m.'rt 
iinilfr Hiir&os, Kia ("iikibtopheb; (Jrnf. 
Ai'i'i. iifvrser, x.txix. JSl ; Ui'il, Muf. Ad'Ht. ' 
IH6: -^Tmi, nnd lij. MS. 2714, tf. HH, lOU. j 
I12-li:J,CfintiiiniTig pcvcra! lettrrsnlniiil lln.> | 
bunini'Ni, mnof in MnnrrllV ImndwritinEl. i 
A fonntil inc|iiiry follnwr'd, Iml. MniiHi-ll wnn i 
tiuld f[i)iltI''Ni> and in tin- following l-'ebriiiirv 
IdUO-l wftB iictivi! in arreftinK the accmn- 
plices or companiona of l^asex. In Ocrobor. I 

! in eocnpaaj witli Sir Amyu Pmtoo, he 
I cspfuTea six EaBtetiia^arnajisattIiim,aiid 
' hniufflil tbem in aa beisi; lad«n witb I'oTtu* 

gwrae inercbandiM- (Cal. State Papera, Dutn. 

31 Oct. 1601 ; Ad^k. MS. 5664, f. 225). 
' In September 1602 be waa anit out in 
j commaiid of a atnall aqoadroo lo intercept 
I aix galleys, which wera rvported on tbeir 
I my from Lisbon U* the l^ow Countries. 
I He p«t«d bimael/with ibrwa abipt ntT Diin- 

feneas. wkli two fty-4ioata to thn wi!«tward. 
D the I>i>wns aod olT Dunkirk wvre foeoe 

I llntch abipa. On the 23ril th« galleys a^ 
p«ared and were at oiwe aUaeked. AflM 

I being very rooghlr bandied 1^ the Hnffli«li 
tbey diapenied ana fled, but only to fall into 
thM banda of tb» Dutch, by whom and by ■ 
gtie wliicli came on aft«rwardi> tbey wora 
raaipletelv dusiroyed {Cai. Statu Pajmt, 
Dom. 27 Sepi, IMS: Wuibbll. A true Jit- 
port o/ lie Strrit* donf ttpon etrtamt Gat- 
lit», l<t02). In the fotlowii^ spriuf*, witb 

I the reoqniand title oC ■ rtce-admiral of the 
Narrow Seta,' he was stationed with a equa- 
dmn of nz Englicb and four Dtitch shim to 
guaitt the Channel, and ap|vnu« to Imre 
made Bom& rich prinm, atnan^ others a ear^ 
rack laden with pepper. At the aanu! time 
he had to eecort tn^ Fri-neh and Spanish 
nmhRMsdon fivin Calais and GmTelineB. 
Hi hitna>If attended on tho Spaniard U 
Gmvelines, while t)i<< Fn.>ndiinnn,«in barking 
at Cftldis, hoisted the Fpi-nch tl(i)r. HaHwav 
acrd<.a Mnnnell met him, nnd oompellnd hint 
to Btriko thi^ flnf . Tho French complained 
to Jan)«8, and the matter was •mooUwd 
over; but Mansell bad clearly noted aoeovd- 
inp; to bis indlnicliona. On 16 Nov. be 
(wcortod Sir Walter Itftle^b from Loadon 
to WiiichwilM for hi* trial. On UO April 
1304 bo liod a frant of tbo otRco of treasurer 
of ib^ nnvy for life, on ibe suiTMidcr of Sic 
t"ull(eOrtvilk',uftfrward» Lord Brooke [q,v,l 
It wuB, bowevtr, ten yearji btiforo be reaped 
tlie full l;<.'iieflt <j>f it. lu 1006 be accompa- 
nied the Karl of Noitinifbam on bis euabaasy 
to Wjioin. 'I'he fttorv ia told lliivt al an en- 
torluinni-unt ^ivttn by ihL- king nf Spain 
pt>mv 'if tb« pliiti; WD* stolen, and "iispjcion 
Bc-im^d tu bi' tbr»vi-n on tbt- Entflirii, till at 
nniilbiir ciilrrtninnifnt Mnniell mw a Sptt> 
ninrU in lb>i Vitv net of i»!<:Tt.liiii[ a cup, 
and proved bis vv\\\. in prunenre of ibu whole 
a««oinbly. During iW folio wiii|i years lie con- 
tinued lo command the sbipa in the Nbttow 
Si'M, nnd to pLirform «omo of the duties of 
Ireimtn-r. Tli« atcoiintaof ibc Princcltoyal, 
hiiiin-hnl Ht. Bi'irtford nn Sfi Si-pt. IrtlO, stiow 
Uiiu ucling ill tliis ('H|iucily. In thefp|.<^ nnd 
nitick lli^lil eiTi-u im tlie T1ihuii-!> on 11 Feb. 
161:^-13, in nonour of the marriajie of the 




PT)DoewHltMt>«tb,3lKDaeil %ai tli« l»rJ ad- 
■unl eomnuiidtd tlie oiiponng aidet. In 
JiUM 1619, bowoTW, bo WW coounitted to 
tbo MmnhstMft for ' Koiouituig tbo l^rd nA' 
mini 'agAioft ft commiioioa to rduna abuKut 
ia IIkt iiarv. His rc«l olfcnoe wu quostion- 
inz ftnd t&kio^- couuMl'a nplaion u to ttie 
vutditj of tbe GDmmi«ioci, wbicb. was hel<I 
LOCKB, Sir Jaue^I NotwithMandiii? hit 
rMdineM to make Mibmiarioo, ho wne kopt 
■acoofineiacDtferArortiught. In Mb^ 1618 
ht toii bU oficc of trvwnirr of tiio imrv, 
oonaequat, it -would •com, on hi-i beini; 
^poinled rice-uluiinl of Eiwlnnd, » tllle 
' 'Cnued for Kir Kichitrd )>eveeoa, tmd 
__i had been in sbeTUice since Itis dpaili. 
__ adminiftr&lioD of the niiTv wis noio- 
rinutlF comipt dnrine J&nx-s 1 9 mrn. iiut 
■ bnro nwms no ^und for cliitrgin^ Uiuisvll 
wbilt^ Ln«siirmricb tttij fTO»» dishoaenlj. 
H« msdn na laricil forCuiMi in olRcn (Oppbx- 
HEtM. ' Tlie Roval Nav; under Janiea I,' in 
E^iitA Uisi. Str, Jnlr \iS&i). 

On 20 Julr ItcSO Mansell wu appointed 
to tba ooBtnuuid of an expedition against 
the Algerioe piratM. Hit Ktchaid Hawkins 
fq. T. j was tht riefr^dnirel, and Sir Tliomas 
Kuttiin [q. v.] rv«r-ailiiiinil. TIm fleet, con- 
airtinK of mx c^ thn king's sfaipa, with ten 
nwrdtaBiBMO and two pinnaces, finaUj sailed 
froni Plyinaatb on 12 fJcl., and after touch- 
ing at Cadii, Gibniltar, Malnga, and jVli- 
cante, ondnorBd before Altera on 27 Nov. 
Aftar aome negotialion fony EngliHli cap* 
IJVM mra gtvim up. Thaw, it waa main* 
tainad, wrni all that iJutyhscI; Imi Oiou|;li 
Manwll was woll awiin.' lUaL this wa<i false, 
be was in do (nndiiion to usi> fnrce, Hia 
abipa wore eicliiT adJ ehorr of supplier. 
H« dfietp back to'.Majorca and the Spanish 
pons. It w«H -'I May ItiSl Iwrdni hr luriiiii 
aarl)or(>d ntt Ali^ipnt. On l-l>i> :f4tb hv sunt 
in Bv9 or *ix finwhipn, wliioli ti« bad im- 
Bwed to bum lli« )>lii|iuin)r iii tlti* Mulf. 
najr wan, however, rnblysupp.irtL'il— the 
■faipa atctimed for the purpo^ were ahnrt of 
powder aed mnld do notbinf^. Ilie Alp?- 
IiBM iVBolled the attack wiilmnt ditHoiilty 
and without Inw, aBit,T<>nliii.ini' thrirrlan^r, 
tbn-w tt boom a^roBii tlii- tnotath of iho bar- 
boar, which afleciuntly pn'^-mt«d a r*Mti- 
tio«> of tbc att»npt. ManM-ll <)t«w back la 
Alifsnte, whMipe «ifrbt of \i\i ships wer* 
ami to Eoglnnd, Before lb« i^id of July ii' 
was r««alM with the remainder. 

6ocD9 sntaf^nivm beiw<«n him nml thn 
Dokn of Bockinghata pnrvi-ntod his bi-iti^ 
ft^rnwl Anr furthipr ootsmnnd at *oa ; and 
tliQugb kcctRitinaod tobeconHullodoi'lotlji- 
iwgaiiintKn and oquipm«at of tbu dstv, his 1 

alt^nlioQ waa more aud more devol«d lo hia 
private tDterosto in the manubcture of ijlaaa, 
m the monopoly of which bo fin>t nhtjuiied a 
sbarv in \mh {ib. iv. 9>. As iuvoiving a 
new proc^iM for using sca>coal instead of 
wood, ihi.'' moEiopgly viiu to a great extent 
uf tli« nature of a legiliuialc patent; but it 
bad to be defanded equallj a^nat thoM 
who wished to infrin^ the patentiaiidagainat 
those who wisiied to breaK down the moao- 
iioly. Ilewiia M.P.for King-'a Lynn in 1(S01| 
Unrmnnhrn in IW)^ Garmnnncnshirr in 
llIIJ, n lam organ eh irv in 16^ ami 16^5, 
IiOHtwithirl ill Illicit, nnd GtnmnrEiiniibiir iu 
1027-8. In l<i42it waanugifi'stod'lnllicliinf 
ihai the floft«hauldlif si-ciiredhygiviiiglht) 
commaml of 11 to Maiiaell, a man of experi- 
enre and known lovulty. The V\n^, however, 
ludg'pd bim too old for so ardunus o duly. 
Hr died in 1(158, his wilt bi-in|r odminirtcml 
by his widow (in 20 Junt? Itl.iri. 

He was Iwic*- marrii-d, fir>«t, b«-fi>ni 1000, 
lo EliEabvtb.datiicbti^rof SirNicluilaHBsC'in 
[q. r.J the lord keeper. In hi* correspoud- 
enco in 1600 with ftir IWMirik'boiime Gawdy 
(rf. 1600), who had msrried lloro thy, daugh- 
ter of Sir Nicholas Bacon of Itediirave, Suf- 
folk, arm »f the lord ki.-wpOT, be si^iis himself 
'your most aMunxl li>vin^ fnind and afEw> 
tinnat imckle.' QaK-dj- was a mafiislcatA 
for Norfolk, and, tlumtfh many years older 
than ihis'unckle,' D^ve nim valiiahle support 
in the mutter of the duel, lie married 
secondly, in 1017, Anne, dau^^ter of Sir 
Juhn Kii|>cr, nnd one of tbe qneen's maids 
of honour { I'al. •ftatf J^perr, Dom. 18 Not. 
liJlfi, tf> Mnrch lOE'). Sli« dic^il in 106.^ 
By rioithisr xvife had be any cliildri'ii. IIU 
p-jrtraii is nresen-ed at Ponrice, the seal of 
tbe MnTisells in Uower. It has not beoa 

Mnnudl in his youth wrot^ bis nainfl 
Mnnhfi-i<ld. It is no spelt in llin li<ttiiTa to 
'inly (^. jVS. I'TU U.S.) In lan-r lifo ha 
ii--'iiiiii'd or nuumed tbe stiellin^ Slanaetl. 
1'ha prvst-nt baronet, de«eena<^d from bis bro* 
(h«r, spells it Mansel. (.Ither brnncbes of 
th'> family have adopted Mauiisell or Mann- 
tr-l t -V')/" anil Qiifwt. L'nd ser. ii. 430, 490). 

Ill ' I. - " \'tuunt of Sir ftttUrt Manail, 

i' '^'-' , V. i-.. i\', Arconnl of tbs Ancient 
Knuiiiy}! Mnuntolt, fte.. ISftO; Eg. MS. Uit 

(n&i): CnL .Stntn pHpiMv, Dotn.; Fortsaras 
P.^^iChhiiIpiiSo^ IB"!): Chamberlain's Let- 

' - • iRidea Soe. ISSI): HoireH's Kjiiitolts 
lli.-i i:.iii;e; Oiiinli[ieri> Hnt. of HngUml (Bre 

itdci ,.[ —! ■■: -■I x.i] J. K. L. 

MAN.siCI.J.Sm THOMAS (1777-18681, 
r^ar-sdmiral, aon of Tbomas Mansell of 
Guernsey, was bora (' Feb. 1777, He entered 
th» nary in January 17^, on board the Oat- 




emt frif^M with Caprain Jomps SKiimam 

tq.v. ],,w!iiim hi fnUiwiMi t4i ilie Orion, in which 
ifi vrita pn-iMint. in Lord Bridporl's nctinn f\ff 
L')rii"tit,ftt l!ip i)fttlli> .ifl^uju- St, Vincent, imd 
At I 111- tnitli- of iheXik-; aft « which bi> wiu 
pFonioted bv Nelaon to be ai^ting'lUiit^nimt 
of tho Aqiiilon, a piotnation wliich W8« cotj- 
firmed by tli« adtnirally lo 17 April 17f)0. 
tW I''rencl> ciia».t, and «I llic (Tduclioa of iho 
Cap" of <^}(ifn! IIojKt, wlu-nci'liP WB»in'Ut lioinn 
Vy Sir Home Pophnm in rijtnionnd of un 
vtaiA (ranepcrl. Ili: wa* flag-lii^iiU'nnnt l'> 
tuid Victory, ami wii 17 'liisyl. 180(- waa [jrv- 
moted to tim conimaud uC llii- iiof'u sloop, iu 
wliicli ha took part iti ilie cajil iire of Aiiliok 
in the Ualtic, IS May 18U9, and woa at 
diRt-rtail lim-Mcngrn^t.-d wit!) tlicllnnish )ftm- 
boiLt». In 161:2 lie wiu presented by tbt; 
cinpiTgrof UuMiB witii a diiuannd rin^, in 
ncknfiwlt^dg'iiLr-nt uT liio linvin^ pilotnd a 
Ku'iniuii iii{uuilr(iti [iinm^h llii- Delt ; uu J t>y 
tliu kitiK iif Swuilim willi tlw oniur of the 
Sword, 'in iMtimouv of the estMtn in wLich 
be hold his M.'rvic«A. In IHI3 Mnnsell com- 
manilcd tho Pcliciin on tliL' nnrtli const of 
Spain, and tin 7 June 1814 wn? rMlvnncwl to 
pwl mtilc, It U ftDti'd tluit wbiir in cnm- 
tnnnd tit lliu \lciiu; nntl IMictin lit- wipturci! 
ai lifjuit 170 of iUl- eneniy'8 veaiicls, envaf of 
tliom privateers of force. In 1S37 he was nomi- 
nated n K.C. 1 1 . and kntgliteil. On Q Oct. 1 BIO 
he became n reitr-tidmirDl on the retired list, 
and di<rd in ilu' curly summer of IWiH. InlsOfi 
lip iniirrivdOiillicrino.iliiu.gliternf John Lul«i», 
a nii'.rcliii 111 nriiiiiTnsi'y.anc! b^'liprliad iwniiti 
four ilauirlileni and four luin. TW»o Utter 
all ent«red lliennvy or marines. Tb« second. 
Arthur Lukis, for ionie veara ciintmauded the 
l''ir&lly,aurreyingsliip, m the .Mediterranean, 
and died, a retireil vice-admiral, in 1890. 

[O'B.Trmi'aNuir. Uidg. Diet,] J. K. L, 

MANSFJELD.Eablhoi'. [SobJIdhrat, 
William, 170.^-17ni<, first. E*tii; Mcbbat, 
Uax-id, I727-I7ltn, eecfind Eaiil.] 

FOKD(lHll)-18.'»."i'), cbeinidt (ind author, wn-t 
born on S May 1^19 ot Uowuer, Iliinip.sliire, 
where his father. John .Mnnsfleld, wnaructor. 
Uii motluTWds Wiiiifn-d, eldest daiighterof 
Itobert Pope Rlncliford of Oshome House, 
IsUiof Wight, II" wiw»'diinH*«l first at a 
privatp Hchdol nt Twyfnrd, Hrrkshirw, and 
aflerwnnl.t jil Wiiirhi-ster Cii1Ii-j(p. U'hun 
fiiileen his health hroke down, and he pMsml 
a year with a private tutor in the couniry. 
Oni!3Nov. 18;)IShB entered his nnme at Clare 
Hall, but did not bogin nwrlimM till Uctobt-r 

IMS*. Owiiw to fraqnent aheenrae from ill- 
hi'nltb h« did nnt ^TndLinni K..\. till 1(^6 
(M.A. 1^9). Uennwhilu bn ntad wid«Iy, 
and Ilia ^numal fiuu-inntiim mindly ^Utood 
many fn«nd* rotmd him. \\ ith Ktn^ltijr, 
who was hi* e>>n temporary at C^mbridge^ 
Man^tletd formed a lifelong' fnendship {Jae- 
moir, pp. xii-xiv). Medicine 8Ctra«t«<l htm 
for n, tjtn^. And vrhit« still at Cambridge li« 
nttonded ihaol&MCAnlEjt. l]«ar|;«'iiIioBpital; 
but whiin h« KivltlRd in l^ndoii in iKttt lui 
dt^riniti-ly dfAotcd himwflf to cli«inU4rT, occu- 
py inf[ his leisure with nnluTalliU(<ny,bolaoT, 
ttivalecieocv. Chemiatry, beealiotiedhiinaelf!, 
was a suitable slartinif-point forllivajBten of 
knowledge which ho had already mote ot Icaa 
ckarly outliDcd.wko^*- aini.iii hisown wordflt 
wo:< ' thi' cuupa-hi-n»ioa of the linnnoniom 
plnn or order upon which the uniNvrsc i« cod- 
»tructcd — an order on which rents the bdtef 
that the univLTU: is truly a rvpnwentation 
to our iilefui of a Divine Idea, a visible tymbol 
of thoughts workiuu in a miod intinitely wiao 
and ^ad.' In 1)^, aficr completin); iJia 
chemistry conr^o at tlw Royal CoUego, be 
undertoDK, nt Ilofmnnn'n rcguoit, a serin of 
oxpcrimi-nt^' which rr.->ult<H) iu one of the 
tniint viiliiHMei>f nrrnt f[if^<t toprocticsl cb^ 
nii^Lry, the t'lirartioii of benzol from noaV 
tar (see ChnitmU Sac. Juamal. i. fM4-Q8, for 
experiments), a diflcovery which laid the 
foundation of the aniline indnsiry (Mkykb, 
ftenri. tier Cfiiniie. iHMit. p. 434'l.' EIc pub- 
lished a paniphlrl next yi-nr, indic«tin£ murd 
of till- miiMt im|i'i)rtnnl iipplicntinniiuf lifinzol, 
amonfr otln'w ihe iimdaciion of a li|[hl of 
jieculiar brilliancy ny cliarjtinK air with ila 
\apanT{ ffenzoi.ifii Xntarr find t/fiV/f^, 184ft). 
MansSeld patented his inventions, then an ex- 
pensive pmci'M, bur niliers reaped tlie profit*. 
la lh« cnniiiof i(t4l*-8 he joined Maiiric*, 
Kin|j;iili(y, anil<ith*TrK in thr-ir eiri>rlK nl social 
reform, auioiiK ihu wurkmrn of London, and 
ill the cholera year helped 10 providu pura 
water for districts like JSermonditOT, wbwe 
every drop wn; sewajfe- tainted. lie alflO 
wrote BBVLTiil pnpers in ■ Politics for tha 
I'eopIn.V'ditrxi by lln' Hi'v. Frpiierick Deniacm 
Maurim [■}. v.] nnd Mr. J, M. Ludlow, and 
uftiTvards m ihuTlirititian Sociali«t~* En 
September ISSO the dei»uri|itio)i of a ballooa 
niaahineeonstructediit Pariided him tiiinvM> 
tigale tile whole prrtblem of aaroaailticii,aDd 
in tlif next few tnonths lie wrat« hjt 'Aarial 
Nnvi^ntioM,' Nlill ut^L-r forty yeara oba «f tbe 
nioatslrikiti^ nndiiii^Kiistiveworkson itaeub- 
ject. Inthc winterof lsSl-2 hedplivi^rv^ in 
the lEoyal Institution a course of led urws on 
tho chemistry of the metals, remurkalilo for 
»am(j brilliatit gtiHerntisaliona and for an tt> 




tonpUd dasiflcatioa upon n priuciiJe of bis 
mm repneentcd by a svslt^in of irianglca 

iC%emieal Sec. Javntal, viii. 110; Piu>na«>oK 
lAAKBlTIflt'oPrerMetO&lAIEttnEI.u's Thi-tiiy 

^Sait«, pri. 3S-7,whi;rT ihc principl*- w di*- 
aciibed). nc-Xt stunnirr MnnntirU, 'lo^fnuifv 
« whim of wiiiliiaK u> aw thi' vfULiitr^, whicli 
t b«Ui<Ted (o be ui luupoilcd Arcadm' iLet- 
ttr» fnm Paraijuay, Pwf, p. 8), alarlM] for 
Puagukv. Ite &mrpd ni Dueooi Ayrta in 
Augiist.nttilliaviagobtitinL'il perm isiion from 
t'rquLXD. wbom fao describes a« an ' Knglixh 
fanniM--li)(i-,)ionwt-)ookiiig niftii' \ib. p. 167), 
lu E" up t))<^ Panuin, I1? rmtchi-d AMiiiiiption 
oo24 Nov..«t)(ln-uiaiiiH<l tbi-rvtwoaiidiiliHU' 1 
montbe. ["anigUiv.uniltrrFmiiriiiniidliiAauc- , 
oeMorLo[>es.]udlieen8hiitfromt1ieworldfor . 
forty re&n, Knd Mansfleld was. if aot tlie first 
Eng'Ui'bTititorloihe capital, cert&i&lvtbefirst 
to wo tlif rv iiit>n.'ly to tiiko notps. IlU Icrtt^n, 
publi^Md afyrr liit dtincli.eoiiCnin bright nml 
ranful dMcriiilintii of I'urnpuiiyHii wicii'ly, 
the Mene^, plant ODilbirtt bfiMiiula mUdiuo 
for the eolonuaiion of the Omu Chaeo, a Ea- 
vourite dream wil h bim for ib^ re«t of bjs life. 
A Kketcli of the lii^lorr of Paraguny, ralu- 
sbto fur t1i'.> poriiid immediately prvccdtne 
■nd full I) wing hi I arrivnl, forms Uio conclud- 
ing chapltr of tlu> volumii of I.PtK-m.' Hi* 
Mrlier lelluM, print>-d in ihu cumii vnlunit.', 
dMl in a similar manner mtli Jtrntil. Tbt^M 
w«re (ranalalT>tl into I'Drlu^ut-Ao by I'ttactLnl, 
uid publiahod alonfr wiili elaborate criti- 
cs) Mnys on 3Ian(rfi«ld'4 nnrnttivo at Uio 
Junrira, tbe first vol tiai« in lt^KI,the aecond | 
in iNia. I 

of 18.'i3, reiuiDKl hi* rlicmicnl ntiidirM, nml 
begnn B work 00 ibo iy>n*litiitiou. of «alti), 
bUMl OB tba I«rtHi«fl delivered two y<«r9 
previoiuly at tbe Itoynl Institution. 'Tbis 
wnrk, til" ' Tbwty of Salt*,' his most imp^ir- 
tftat (onlribiitton to theori'ticBl cliendslry, 
ho flnJrikCd in I>^'>5, and ]>lac>'d in n piib- 
Uafaer') hand*. He bud infnnwhi]c> bven in- 
vitw! toAendspccimrnnof Ijtrniiil to thv Paris 
Kxbiliition, Bud on 17 Fi'ti. I8^fi, wbil« p^^- 
pariuif tbeM in • room wliicb bu bad buvd 
rof t be purpoae in 8t . Jofan'a Wo«d, uapbt ba 
Milt OTcrfiowod, and SUoaBeldt in attempts 
inp \.iy aaro tlio pnmisM by canyin||r tiKi 
blaxin^ tUll into lb« stmt, was h> iniiircd 
that atne day* later ho dtinl in Midtlkwx 
tl9»pil«I. £Ic bad not cumplctvd tiu tbirty 
ai.Mli y«iar. 

Hausfirld'a wurlit', publii&btKl al v&rioua 
intcni-alfl afii-r bia dmb, arv fraf^nente to 
wbicb be bad not addrd the finiakintT touch, 
y«t Mcb bun the nnuustAhatilc imprvaa of 
& inif»d of I W higbnt ordrr, n conit«nt alti- 
tude lowaida the sphere of knowlodgi; more 

akin ta llmt rif Bacon nr I/t-Ibnitx tlinn of a 
modem ftiM-ciiiHMt. Tlie U^jilmuny, wHtl«n 
or spoken, of many who kiiiw bim t-oufirRW 
IV^cuara e«linialt--, 'a great soul ilirred by 
inigliir coiicvptions and t1i« love of luaukind* 
{&uiaia Critim, p. 8). A porlrnit of Mana- 
lit-ld by Mr. Lowm llichinson is in the pos- 
aeaaion of hia brotbn-, Mr. It. K. itTan^lipld, 
Tba enyravinff prefixed to ibu ' Lnttrnt from 
Paratfuay ' i» from a pboto^pb. 

(Privitia iiifannii.iion frum Mr. R. 6. Uaea* 
fii-lil : .Mpinoir by Kin^ay, praAsH tn Lotltn | 
fmni Pamciiny, Mrt. Kinj^ay'aLifeof KiDCsleff 
IS", I'p, 218-18. 4*0-4; Preface by Pwftaanr | 
Miuikclyiin lu tlip Thci>ry nf Rslu; Ur. J. BL 
Ludtou-'a I'rofriec to Arriul Naviention; Cbcm. 
Sot. Journxl.iiii. 1 10-12 : I'mciura KittaioCrj* 
licit diibr* M >iiig<in no Ifnwil, I(l6l~'i i Wurli'a 

Dic(ii>iinain>d« Uhimie.i. &27. &iS-3. £43; Hi>f- 
monn's Report on il)a Kxlirliiiion af 1882; Cho- 
miiiry. [1.123: BtnilynrCltnmittty.p.U; Timbc's 
Year-tiook of FactB, 18-10. pp. Ji-T ; I'macr'a 
pp. 423-S.1 J. A. C. 

MANSFIELD. IIENRV be (rf. 1328), 

chancellor of Oxford UniTersity. [Se* 
M*t:s«tTrLn. | 

MANSFIELD rnrrginiilly MAN. 
FIELD), SiK JAMI-:S 0"33-lS21), lord 
chief justice of lliu court of oomraon plwia, 
bom in I7.%'1, Kin ofJohnJamea JlanflcTd,at>i Kini^wiKHl. llnnirishirepWaa elected' 
a nflmlnr of Ktim in I7')0(llMiwiioi), jilnmm 
Ktan.ji. :iSii), unil jirwi'pdt'H to Kinjf'H Col- 
Uwi', Ctimbndjfi', wlwri! Iht nblnini-dn fiilioir- 
sliipinl7.%4,jr™diiat«d B..A.inl7.'>nnnil M.A. 
in \7^i» {Grnfl. (^nttili:) Hiarrandfutberia 1 
laid to hare )jfi«n af^rei^iarjiutdlohavabeldlJ 
tomepoit in Windsor C'&stle. Manstield in-' 
wrt^I ih« 4 in hi* niimf while still at Catn- 
bridw. In Nrn'cmlipr ir'"** he wtin called to 
ihe bar at r.liir .MiddltT TfMplo. Ht> practi*«d 
boll) nl fommiii Uw nnd in clioticrrv, and 
n-na iMi|^i:od in Mni« atold trinlo. ll« woa 
f>Tn> of ^ViikM'• advi»er« ou hi» rot urn to £n^ 
land ill ]7i>i-<, nnd Br^i-d in aupport of Iiu 
unaiioc^s»ful e|i|iliciiti'fn iu tbc Kin^'i Ixncb 
to b« ndmill«d to bail for thv purpose ofi 

£rowciilin(;n writ of error nipiinet bis out-' 
iwry (SO Aprd). Ilotookiilk in Juiv 1772, 
and waa afterward! oppoiiit-ad coui;>«] tolho 
nnirunityof Cambhdgf. Another of Mauo- 
6M\ clients wait tbo bitmrnouf Duchvw of 
Kiuspslou, whose immuuiiv fium punmbuiont 
be niAteriuUy oiniriliutca to WTurr iii 1776, 
The same yuar bi? apiii-iirud for lUo defence 
in the llindi>ii bribery ea*«, thi! yt^ar follow- 
ing for lh<i inMindiary, Jami.'s Aukin [q, y.]^ 
and in 177ii for the crown (with Aitornay*j 
gnneml Wcddorburn [q. v.]), on the infor- 
mation exhibited agamst Qcorge i^tratton 




ta. r.'^ tnd his coll««gnM id tbe council of 
'on &t. UeoTffB for Itwij nmr^tion of tfae 
KranUDent CM tbv npttlnnivnl in ljj6^Me 
eat, Obobob, Karox Picot of pATsHt ixj. 

Mkiidleld tntiiRHl parliainetii on 10 June 
ir'tt u member fiv ibe imi*eniiv of Cam- 
bni))^, and on 1 Sept. 1780 vas'appoitiipil 
Doltcitor-CL-nenl, id wliich cajuciiy ha l0(>)( 
part in trw> prowwution of I^om (.icorge <riir- 
don [■). V.J In tV'lruarj- I'dl. ami in that of 
the spy Ud la Modo, cmviclfrd of high irva- 
aoti m the taUowinfc JuIt. lie wi-nt inio 
npprxkitit^n flrith l^ra North in MhtoIi 17^^. 
and fftinrnwl t-o oHic* on lb* coalilion be- 
tw(M)n North ftni Fox in November 1788, In 
par1ian)t.-ul hn rnaide « poor fij^iir*:!, wlierhi^r 
m oJlicc or in oi'i'ijiilioii, and •ft'T tho <ii«- 
miiwiil ofl Wronlition tninintrv, IK Dec. 17K3, 
bartlly op«nt;d Iii% moiirl) in ilobatn. Ha lend 
bi» «"*t at lliv (^ciiKral uli-ctioii iif April 1784 
and nr-vt^t ri.'-«'nli'r<-d |inrliiimunt." 

Manilii'ttii witli AltuniPV-fftniTal Jolin 
Scott, aftcrwnrxi* I.ortI EU'inT.), v.l n?pn>- 
emoted the Trinity Hull doiie, Xiiue 17!'6, on 
tbc ftmiL-al of FnvncU WraiiKliiw L|)- "■ J *"* 
Ijiird-cnanci'llor l.^LiKliborouKb, at vitilor of 
tint uniTersit;y of CuiuLrid)rc. ogaiiut ttivir 
refuiuil tu elect Liu to n fcllowohip. Tlit} 
WTTumtMit turned upon lliu prt^wT eonrtruc- 
I ion of tho wurds ' idoncuu moribue vt inp.-iiio' 
in llio ci'lk'i;!-' iitAtiitm, mid WnintcUuni'a 
CDun^i.'! citwl TiTcncJi;, Hiiruve, and otlitT 
Latin nuUiora tii pnive tbut 'mores,' aa ap- 
plied In an individual, could only mcmi morale 
— Wninjjclitim'n u>und» boin^ uuinipuuc liable. 
Man.tfielil, bowL'vcr, dispontd of fins conti^n- 
liou bv a einifK' linu from Ovid drscribiujt 
two m'lBircssc?. ' lliuc wpi'cir nihlinr. niohbus 
ilia fiiit;' nnil Lord l/imgliliormiffh, accord- 
ingly. dipinlBitril till- apiH!iil. 

In.Tiily 17£'VlMiinS'liHkhva9appoiiiledlotbe 
chipf-iusTicunbip III" ("Iieslpr, wVncc in April 

EIhbh and knigliled. On (junlifyiiig for (jlTim 
T faVinp the defjroo of ncrii-nnl-nl-liiw, be 
chose for bis rinp tlir- llorntiiintnolUi ' Si-rns 
incceluDi re-den*,' in nlliiMOn lo I.lie l4itt?(iea* 
of bis advuniKnivni . llii wax t^vrum of the 
privy ooanoil on V Mny. <tn tha return of 
tb» vbin to ]>ower«fler I'iit's dinibjicwas 
<rfbrcd tta great seal, bill declined it. 

Uanaflolawai a aonnd, ifEint n profound, 
lawyer, a pood scholor, ntui a ki'i^n KjH>rl«- 
man. f>n cireuit it van h'm riuliiw ti> riKl^ 
at five lo kill Hmmitliinf; iHifriri' bruukfaBl. 
He n-as a dnll >|H'n)irr, witb an uiiirracefnl 
<li>livvry and a hiiHky voice, lltfl advaiice- 
niAnt to iboliMicli oaroo too late for bis repu- 
tation. II a pTe^ided , however, for nearly lt>n 
years in the court of common plvaa wittiout 

and iMuned ia Hilary racation IHIS. Hn 
died on Ss SCay 1H3I at kis houw in Riuadl 

y.iSi, FiMi'aLivBBuftbeJudxM; Huvell^Siaie 
rriikl^iis. 1075«iwq.,u.408,<31,li2«i«aeq.. 
IX). Hi H a«f.. 88) «l m>^, 11H6 at Mq. ; lUlura* 
of >I«iiilwn of PAfliAiii-uut (O(Iicifll)i Loailoii 
GatatiD. as AD^.-i SepL I'llO. 1£-1S Nov. 1788, 
8-12 May IHlii : Vawy. jnB.'» Keporta, ii. SDB; 
tiuaiiing'i ItcinintMencM, ii. 23; Onnanid's 
Chobire.ed. IleUby.i.sq: n«yd»'«Book«f Dig- 
nities, cd, Orliorbv; lliary uf Xiunl Cbldisster, 
i<.36; TbUDlon*BHcportP. v.3Si; Wmxalt'allial. 
Men. IKK, i. 6Ab, li. 475; lliit. »»S. Comm. 

Bill Rap. App. p. 333 fl, H'lb \lev. Afp. pUiv. p. 
26 ; JcMe'a Gtorpi Sflinn nn^ hiu CDOl^nipo- 
nriw. pp. IB7. 187; Add. M8S. 6103 f. 110, 
■ni>07 ff. 381-7. and Eg. SIS. 1137. f. 2Ifl: 
CoufKT'a Annab of C«inbridi[«. i*. 3OT, 393, 
412] J. M. R. 

fimr Lord S*.KBmTtat(iyiy It^TtJl.gcuvral, 
bom 'Ji June lt>19, was liftb of (be acvea 
sons of Jobu Mausfivld of DiggcttwcU llouno. 
IlampeLiru, and bis We, Uie dau^litLT nf 
Ocncrd Sriaiuct Smith of llaltimoro, U.S.A. 
Hu v.-a* grandson of Sir James Maiufiuld 
^u.v.], and amon^hi.') brat hore went SirSomud 
jJanatiuld, iLt onutinionuniortncmbcrof coun- 
cil, Houihay, t'olon.-l Kir I'linrlr* MaoBlirld of 
tile dipli-<maUi::scrvto-,and •lotin Miuuiiii'ld,a 
London polioe-niai^islrulir, [!<■ wa." (educated 
at lliclioynl Military ('olliite.^iiiidhnr^t.and 
piutH^^l out in NnTombor iH'k'i tiL the Lead of 
tlm fivo moatdiBtinKniskcd cadet i of hishalf- 
yi-«r. II« wii« iijijxiiiiii'd cusijtn RSrd foot 
'27 Nov, iHSf), IjiTiHii'- li-'iitcniint in tlicrt^- 
intut ill iK-lb. iiiLil rii|.iJiiti in 1K4.1. After 
survinu wiik iln' 'cli-il m the Meditorraitvan 
and Qlhouif. li'';ici ri,iiji,i,il(-d ihnrp)(iHienl U> 
Indin, and was present with it inllii-tintSilcli 
war nt Biiddiwal, Aliwal, timl S'lbraon, on 
Tft-hicli lBlierocc«Bionhi«acl''il ii-tiiili-iie-camp 
to Lord OouKb (mfdnl ami il:i^[i.-). Tie b«- 
cann! inHJor .H l»TO, IS47, mid vtus employed 
in aimiuaiiLl of a uninll dul nched force tup- 
prewiujt ilistu rbnin'i'* in HiOiiir I'lirly in |f*48 
(KooKKsoN. p. M.'l). Ill* nfliirii-n'nlit oom- 
niranded the reginieiit in I be Punjilj war of 
Ifiiy, (ind al the battle nf Goojunil initslal 
niid cIb«p). (.Iu1> May IB.')! he berame Junior 
lieiilfnanl-colonol nt the nge of thirlj-two, 

fiiiiminir tivrr thi> bcnii tif llunry Hiivolook 
ij. V. I.und huvinicpiiri'liiisi'diill li'in §t>>tm8ave 
thi' linl. In 1W>U2 bi' wfin i^jiislnnliy eiii- 
plnyisl on the rt-slinwur frontier, t-JtlW in 
eommniid of the r>:)rd (sgi? id. pp. N>1 0) or 
altnched to the Maff of Sir C«lin Cawpbi-ll, 
lord Clyde ['j. v.], xvho was in eommand on 
th<> f?oiil>i^r,niid whoapiienrstokave famii«] 




* tery liisfa opinioa of bim (frouti«r taadftl 
sod daap). 

At thia period SlRnsfield is saiil to haTe 
hftd ft twte for iouroaLiEm, and dc«ind io 
Iwootae ft bftok cEincloi. To iho end of hit 
life be bdictrod biauolf betUr &tt«d to con- 
duct gnmd Siwncuil oprniiionn tluui nay- 
thiag cIk. On J8 Nov. la'il ho lecami- 
oolonel hy iRTet. At tba uutbnuk of tlie 
KnmUd var ku adilrutwed a letter to Lard 
Pftomure, iheo secretaxy of war, whicii waa 
aitemrda piiblisbecl W & paiDphlci, advoca- 
auugroBteriocilitie! for cDnblin^ mill tiocii?!! 
wiUi tlicir oompany (tfHccre of all ranks to 
Toluatcrr int" the line In April li^ri.'j In- 
(■-xvliaa^vd to (br mutlftidicd Lett, and wnn 
ftp[ii)intnldi-|iui7 adJutant-^eDen] in Duliltn. 
and ID June tbe aame jear wu aeni lo Cati- 
•luituiaple, villi tbe local nak of briusdlur- 
fr<raenlin act aarefponaibfe mili- 
tATv adviftt-r t» iIr- Brilitbuabosudor.Lort] 
Stntford di- lt«dclill'e [wv CkSJiitUi. SiK 
SnturoKP, Visoorxi .SiRArFORn db Kbb- 
cum, irmwiHwol. 

IK- arrivud in ConataiLtinnpIc wlivn tlir 
plan for nbevinf; Kara witb the Turkish 
^autiagaa was under connidcratinn. M«iu* 
fleld vaa in constant cnaimuuiuiiion with 
t}ie Turkish autlxjniii'x im the tnbjnct (aw 

rOOLK, Li/r n/Xfral/oril d4< Hfirliffe. li. 3fi2). 

Xi« ftflorwanls BCMnipanicd tlitt ambauador 
ti> Ebp Crim^ and in uid (o bave renilered 
Tftluablii »i^rvi<?t-a. which from their vrj 
Bftture bar <> remained tinknown to tbe public 
At the doM of tbe war in IS-JS bp rucoivrtl 
the qaui-mibtary apnointmxnt nf i-iiii>iuU 
|rvner«1 in PnUnd. With thuituuiiuitrof 18o7 
and tint apTMitatmeni of Sir Colin Cainpbtdl 
(Ijord (^\jof) t4>thi? chief command in India. 
In an eniir in hii diary on II July 1857, 
Colin Campbell n-Tote: ■ HefflW poiiijr to ihi' 
I>uk« ofCa&ibriifpvi I \\t,A apttb'H in my mind 
that mT d^ar fni.'ii'l Mnniifiidd ilitiuld huvi' 
tlia otf«<r iBftd* to him nf chii'f of tb^ atalir. 
Bb lorAahip (l>annun^) propfuu.'d the ittuu* 
tioa of military u«i«f aiy, but that I told hU 
loidabip wa« not wArth hia aiweptanoe. and 
I pltHKiil f>>r tbi' appointment of chief of (ho 
•taff bein^ ulTcivl to liim, with the rank of 
majoT'^Bvnenl and the pay and alli-iwmc.x .if 
i. Wo), Maji^ficM was nppi lint >-'! rlii^f nt'tlii.' 
alaffia India, «-ith lite Ic";al t'mi 
jreacral, 7 Aug. 1657. 'iv)-.. 
■tatea tbat wbcn paaiin>.-il<:' :. i. 
! up bi« Bpiminlmviit M : :. 

lod uy tbe sovcrnmvn'. i "^ 

n of operatiuna baa^^ <<:i :ij' 
^pl«a no that raauuuuicatod in confidence by 

. Ill niiijiir- 
'■[i n;ni|iln.T 
I. 'iidtjii to 
■ 1 IV as c'.'ii- 
liiiiittol a 
iiiu« prill- 

Clyde to tbe Modraa gov«rnai«at on hia way 
to' Calctilta iA- ti. 411). .MausBtld wait 
Clyde's rifrbt hand, tiis strato((«ticftl ineator, 
it -naji suid, throiii{boiit tbe oveatfol perioa 
tbnt followed. 1I« was in thr advanc* on 
Lucknow and tbe second relief in October 
]667 (fur wbicb bu wn« miido K.C.B.}, and 
at tbe rout of (-ba dwalior conlini^nt at 
CuwnpureuuONov. fiiltowini;. On tbe after- 
noon of ibt- bfliilt' 111- waa aenl by Cljrda I*) 
occupy the 8oubahdarV Tank, a position on 
the line of retreat of tbcr enemy's ri|^bi winjr, 
Slanpfiold halt«<l rather than putb ihnnigK 
nboiil A mil« of ruiiM^d liuiMinn. in wbicb 
tbe miilinrrrtweniStillpiKilf^l, 
whirk thiieueiny wereciiabW t0||;vt iv^'witn 
all their ffuna. His conduct on this oct»' 
ftion boa W-a abarplr criticised (MallesoK', 
iv. 192; cf. SiiABwtLL, ii.4l). With Clyde, 
^lani^field was in The advance on Falt«bgur 
nnil tb<- aifair M- Knli-r Xiiddcc, at tb« siege 
of Lueknnw (pioinoU-d in inHJor-^-nenil for 
diHtinjiuiKhcdaeTvici' iiiih*- (it'ld), in thn hot- 
weatbur niiu]JHitiii iu Rohilcniid. tbfbatllriif 
llareilli and the affairs !it HhahJBlisiiporf , ih« 
campaign in Oude in l.'<<'>8-9, and thir o|tera- 
tionA in the Tranii-IIijjira (medal and clasp). 
When the peril was pa»t, m\ Mansfield fell ibe 
chief burden of ^organising the ahattered 
frafimi-ntx of tUs Ben^l natim army, dealing 
witb til'- Kiin'juym triiii|:* nfthfi dofitn<!t iroin- 
patiy, and I'ouuui'tinji; till- uvi-rwhiilmiiigmiLKH 
Some of his minutes at Ihia period ore niodeU 
oflueiditr. In Decern U-r I S^9 he was offend 
the command nrtlii' North China expedition, 
whic!hh(-r(ifiiB»il,nnd Sir .lames HopeGnint 
"^■[.V.] wnK ajuwifilitd. He nimnint'il chief of 
lUe 6taff ill Iwlii. until i-I Aiiri! IWXI. He 
held I he eomuiiind [jf iheBouiLitv pfitiidrncy, 
with I he local rank of lieutenant -general, from 
ISMay ISSOlo 14Man:bl865. nuring^tliia 
mriod he waji appointed colonel 38th foot in 
l8i(ii, and became Ueutenant-i^ncral in 18IM. 
H« also publiduMl a pamphlet 'Un tbe Intro- 
duetion nf a fSnld IHirmni^v in India,' Lon- 
don, IMU, 8to. On 14 March iHfWi be waa 
appointr^d comm^uidi-r-in-chiof in India and 
military member of council, a pMition hn hfld 
np to 8 April 1870. In tbe aupnjme council 
he waa a warm supporter of John, lord 
l-awreiice l<\. v.] (cr MaitsGeld'-i Calcutta 
"pi.-ch rewrt^d in th» 7inv». W Jt'eb. 1800), 

.M*n*licldVindi'p''Tir.l«nt oiilitarr commands 
■11 India cannot b^- said to bare bcQii luocoss- 
ful. Ilcwaa unpopular, and MmoUuM WftBt- 
ing in ttfrnuurond judgment. Hehtdpuorul 
and discrcuilable<|iiam.'ls,lhcniostdamaging 
of which wua ibe i-ourl-niarliat on a mombvT 
ofhispenwualatal!) atniinxt wliom lie brousht 
a string uf charges of peculation wid fUsi- 

tying ucoubW, not cme of which, afte^ moKl 
pftlinnt invMtitfBiion, coiild bn »iib«(AiitiHl)^(l 
orjuMitiM, altLuugh the oIKotwu ninorvd 
from the Bi'n'icv na <li»ci|jlinicry grounds (■•« 
repoiid of the Jitrvut criiirl-muliK] in Ui« 
leadtT in tli« wimd [hijht of 3 Oei. 1866). 
M«i«fid<l,whoboMimi'afttllBoneral in 1872, 
COBamni)(]Adth(*fijr(^««inIrt.'laiid from 1 A.\ig. 
1870 tn 31 .luW 1875. U Irelaad, too, li« 
tTM iiniH^pular, and in Mm? inst&nceii shomxl 
Umi'tilnMe 6tilur« of jiidgmunt. 

MonsBdld vr4« rAiooal to tb.i! p<s)ni|^ on 
28 SUrdi 18"t,(!uriTicUr. Glndstone'a firat 
burstof SnuilbuMl, Uorki*Kii*,in thcpeerog* 
of the Unilwl liitin<!H)TO, H* tooknu activ* 
part in lUi? liouHv of Loftls in the dehftte* on 
krmy rvur)puiUalioii,Hndpre(lict4>il thnr nh'^U- 
tioD of tlie ^urcbftM.' »_v»liin would ro»iilt in 
' otaaiiutifju, ttQif>'?rcd liy jiiblx-ry.' II* was 
■ guod ejwaker, but is said ni-vcr lo liav« 
carritid hia audicncu witli him in tlie liouiw or 
nut rtf il. 11*^ WW. D <.i.C.y.I. 1860, 0.C.O. 
1870, r.C. Iwl4itnl 1870, and was cro& 
U.C.L. of Oxford in 1870. Uo dit-d ul liis 
Londmi rf»id»i»ce, 18 Grosvenor Ourdims, 
23 June lH7fi, agL-d 57, and wn» biI■ri•^l nt 
Dipwrll Cliurcdi, n*iir Wclwyn, Uvrtford- 

His clinracter hn» Ik-cn iitiiHirtinlly dnvwn 
bj MftlV'SOU : ' Tail mid noldivrly in afipoar- 
ance. it. tcils imjiowihlt! (or any om; ti> look at 
tim ™ith™Jt fritlinjt i^ertain tLat iho man 
befon- whom hu amod poascMod more than 
ordiuary uhility. (joavcrfotion with him 
iilwayioiiriSrmedthtsimprnuiion. Ht; could 
wril*^ well ; \w conid aDt-ak well i he WM 
(luicb ia mastering diljiiU ; Im posseeeed lli« 
ftdvocate'a ubilit-y iif inuliiiiLc » liad cause a[>- 
poar n^od om-. 1I<' liad that within him to 
ptOOniBSiiccfVwiiiuuy profcasion butonv. Ho 
VU not and cimUl nut Decam« a gn'iit aoldivr. 
FoBSMiinfC undoubtod penotul courage, lie 
vas not a (fi^nerQl at sllaxoept in numr. Tim 
fnulr yvM not alto((etbei bn own. Nature, 
kind 111 him in many raapecta, bad denied bim 
the pGnQtrAting glance wliicli anahled a Bi&n 
on the instant I" take in the tinct lay uf 
afiaJrs in the liohl. His viaion, iruit'cd, wn« 
ao dclV'Ctivi' thai lio had ti> di'iii'ii'l for in- 
formiili'in ri'^rdinpthe most Invial mattera 
upon !h« nipnrl6 of olbprn. This was Ui 
itself II gruat miafortunv. It wju a tuiafortune 
made irreparubhi by a liuuiihcy and innate 
TMcrvd, wiiich ahrjijik from rHliance on nny 
mo but himwdf. lie dialikpd adviwi, aitJ, 
olthoncrh »wayi>d pL'rhapatoa unwily ly lh'v«« 
ho loved and' trusted, to wa* iainalient of 
ev«n the aemblance i>r control irom men 
bronght into contact with liim only allicislly 

and inacubordinatejioiiiinn. Honer it wu 
that in an iudi'jwnrli'nt command, utiabU* to 
take a clear view hinutL-lT, he foiUd to carry 
OBl tlie idea which to no clever a man would 
umdoiibtedly haveau^eeted iiwlf had b«fa«d 
litimire to stndv it ov«r a map in the leiaim 
of hi» clo^oi.' (Mxtr.Kaos. ir. 1112-3). 

Heraftmed,;iXrtT. IK''it,MnrKarQl,dan|rht«r 
of Robert FclldwM ftf Shoiti>«li>y Park.Xor- 
foUc, by wbom h« left four aonaand a daughter. 
Ilia otaeat aon, William, second and present 
lord Sandliurat, aiiccvvdi^ biin in thb pcvrase. 
From 1886 till her denth in 1892, hiawiduw 
took a prominent pan oe a m«ttber of tike 
Womona Liberal Federal inn iutho agitation 
in favour of IIoum) RuU and olhor ranaAiirM 
advocated by Mr. Gladatouc, 

[I-'oMer'a FMiaf^c nodcr ' Saudhursl i' Army liata ; 
Kogtitta'* U.M. Bac. 93rd Fool, uow lit Shrop- 
uiiiruJ,.!., tjoodou, I8EK): ]ialI(W)D'aHi«C.3«p«j 
Mutiny, cab. ed. ; I'dil. Deb>taa. IS71-6. Anaoag 
tho abitunry notieoi may b« inentioaM) IhAt in 
(tin Timr^, 'H Jnnn 1871, and th« Isadcrr in iha 
Army and NsvyQaxtiie, I July t87A. For will 
(poMonuity aa.QQOl.) see Tlmei, 29 J uly IST*.] 

IL M. C. 

MAK9HIP, HENltVi/. lS«i>), hjpo- 
yrajiUt-r, wad u ontivu of Great Yormuiith, 
nuu carried on buaiuivw u« a uietchant there. 
He wn» electwl a meuil>cr>>f tbv coTpomttua 
in loOO, and soon took au actite pari in 
public nit'airs. The old hav«n having beooBie 
obatructed, Monship was, in I'lW, named aa 
one of a ci>wmittwj of tw^lvi' pcTsons on 
whom was devolvird the rcn>onMbiUty of d«- 
tl^^niajn^' where lh« new unvcn should be 
cut. IloeayatUathe' manire tymea travnylod 
in and about the husin'Me.'niid it waa chiedy 
through his influ«nce that Joaa or Joyoa 
Jobntion, the Dutch ongine-cr, was brought 
from [lollntid, and the pmecnt hansa con- 
Btnictcd nndcr hie direct iiin. Oa 1 1 Feb. 1563 
Mannhip wii!) nppuinlcd a collector of the 
' chamel reiiW ' with Ucorgi- King. Hr com- 
piled a brief record of nil the mt»l reinnrlt- 
ahlo events in the history of tlie lioroufcb, 
und-crthu titlo.'Grcale Ycrninuthe; aBooks 
of tb(r Ftumdncitin and Antiquitye of the 
wiideTown",* which wwt printed fortheflrat 
lime by CUnrlen Jiihn Palmvr, fq. v.^ ia 

Till' mt 



ls47, tviili uoci^i and apjHmdix. 
script llicn bt-hmKed to Jniuc* B|i<irkoofBuiy 
St. Edniuu'1% but it waa aold (lot 234) at 
rolmcrs solo in 1S82. 

IlK^Kl■ MiMi«niP (d. leSfl"), topotfraplier. 
itou of ilid above, born at Un>Bt Yarmouth, 
vtia educjited at lli>! fn^ ^immar school 
there. He became one of thn four attomeva 
of the horoujih eoiul. On 4 Nov. 1679 u 
was cliMned town clerk, but T«uga«(l ths 
nl&cw on £ July 1566. He continued to ba a 

tiMBilMr lit Uw coiyonktion uatil lOlU, wIkq 
bemwdiMsiMedfdmjruvlIist Mr.IHnelt 
•od Hr. Wheekr, two ddenneii who Umb 
saivM in pftriuacni lite ahetrp, and vent botb 
doDCM.* Thcnaftcr be nye»n to Iuitv de- 
voted bimNlT to tbe compUatioa of > hivtory 
of tbc Woug^h. Is 161s he obtained Imre 
to go to Uir Hotck and pcnur wul Copf 
nACordi for forijr lUin. Fuidiiig tbat m&nj 
of th« docameatA wpre miaeiBg and ibe re- , 
nuiDiler annred for, lie pemikdeil tbe car- ' 
poraiion to appoiDt a conaittee to incpiin! 
into the maitn. Tlieii Ubonn are recorded 
inabookooutaininganpwtoijof the docu-' 
jnenta, which was mg n a w d by Mdnnhiii 
■nd ddirrrvd to th« coqMnluKi, in vrtione ! 
pOMMnoii it AtiU rcmaina, thou|:b almoat 
OTWy docimant eniiBiera1«d id it u now de- 
ttUvjtA or lost. Tblamkip appean to baro [ 
refftised ibe favour of the car|»nitioii, for ho i 
fvaa appoioted to ride to London about a 
liovnK' !•> ' Iniuport herrinifa in Mnnoer- 
bottomR.' and to eadtMvour to gvt tbn ' fiaban 
of tb« town diadiBignl frrim Iiuujn and 
U^ta.' In 1614, whan Sir TliMpbihu Finch 
tSd Qtam (lardware were Klurii«<(I to mi^ 
lumeni lor the boToufb. Manship iict«d as 
their toUdtor, with a salnn- of forty shillinga 
par VMk, and in 1616 bo nax again sent to 
LandoB to manage lb? town*« buiuneM, but 
on thia occasion Im waji Bccuiml of itnpioporiT 
* borrowiDET int>iii*y in tha town'* iiau)i>. and 
fell into diaffTacti. Hi* ' Hisiorv of Great 
Yamovtb' wasootii|iU-t«d in lolfl, andthe 
eotpentioit voted him a grati^itv of iXU, but 
In expedationaof fameand profit w<tn> ap- 
panntJy not realised, for 1;d circulatud in 
l890 a pamphlst wbemn, t»y bia onamiwa, 
ha ■axloUad unuMlf and dafBined the town.' 
H* aftarward* dixtm^d it ovnadieTit toapolcv 
gw. Mncmbip dii^d in 1626 at an adrsnoed 
mgb and in gr^t poverty. The coiporation 
mnud a oiall ajuiuitr' to hia widow Joan, 
wwbter of Hmry llill of King's Lynn. 

SJanihtp waa indebted in aom^ pjut of bis 
etntou* historj to that compilivd by his 
fatbt>r. .\ oil temporary ojiy, with an ap- 
pendix containing a tranibcrint of the chortera 
ntdo by hint, wa* di-p>:i»it(><) in tbe> Unteh, 
but i« ti«lieT«d to bnru ultiniBtt^ly found ita 
way in(J> tbe libraTj of l>aw8on Turner, 
S«T«ra] other eo^Mt are exUat, from one of 
whieh tlw hook was first puU!*]Md,iindi>rthA 
•dltonbiporC.J.i'alnji.'r, in 18&4. A cata- 
logVF of the chartors of Great Yartiit»uUi, 
oonnh-<l by Manship in 1812, is in thu 
BritUb Mii>cmii,Addit. MS. i>37S7. 

fPalmor* EVrbuaraiion of Oroat Yannrinth, 
i. Itft-lS; Rvo'b Nufolk TopDgtnphj (Inilox 
Soe.)] 0.0. 

UAXSOIT, DAVID (1726-]79S),aGhool- 
matituf, Mu i>f Julin Manimn and Agnes J&- 
Bueenn, waa probablT bora in the jan»h of 
CftiniCMtle,oo.Antnm,iu 17i!6. Ilupanmta 
being poor.hebegaa lifeaa a &na«r'a atrvaai- 
boy, but woe allowed by bis employer lo at- 
tend aKhool kept by the Itev.ltobert White 
in the ndghbouniw town of Lame. There 
he made sooh good prograa that in a tbort 
time he hiinsrir oponisl a achoot In hU 
native pariah, tradition aayn in a oowliouae, 
By-aDd-br be became tumr Ut tb<^ Shaw 
family o/ Ballyplhr Castle, nud later on 
tnnght a school in RnlUcastle. tn 1T&2 be 
removed to Fklfut, where be alaited a 
brewwyiOnd in ITJifi announced in tbe 'Del- 
fast Newoletter' that 'at tho ivquest of his 
cusioiuera * he had opeitt>i1 aq «\-nning achoo) 
in his house in ClugMou'ti F.niry, wliore ha 
would iraeU, ' by way of amuaeinpot,' Enj- 
li»h gnuuntar, reading, ajid snelliug. Hig 
scliool increased, so that, in 17I1U be romovMl 
to laiger pivmin* in High Street, and em- 
p1oT«d thrw utistanta. In 1768 he built a 
■ciU larger nhool>hou»e in Donvgall Street, 
where he had I\iI1bc ccri[w for dowluping \ua 
system of iostructton,' without thediaeipline 
of the rod,' as he described it. For ifan 
UDuaement of his pupils he dei'iaed variona 
m«ditttet, nav a pnmitive kiud of velocipede. 
Tucarr;,- out hiindi-Hls of edueatioB bewrote 
and publii^hi'd a niimbor of aehool-hooks, 
which long Mijiiyi-d a high rvptitntion ia the 
north of Ireland and i;ln>wbiin»- Tlieiw were 
' iManson'a Spetliiig Bool ; ' no • Engliidi I)ic- 
tinnnry,* llflfajl, 1762; a 'New rrim^r,' 
Iliilfiuil, 176:j: a ' Pronounaing Dletiuuary,' 
BolfaM,]774. HvalsontiblisbedasmaUtna* 
ti»e in which ho orgaa Imnd-loom weavert, 
of whom there wen th(^n many in Ir«>land, 
to live in the esuntr}-, wbi.T« th^y could 
relisTfl their ndestary tnak by cultivating 
tbe soil, appeBdin; directiona oi to the moat 
profitabJe methods of doing to. 11^ inTi.-nt«d 
an tmprovttd machine for stunning yam. Ia 
li7i> hn was among tW eoatbolden in the 
Firil Prenbytorian Church, Itslfost, and in 
1779howaaiulmitt«da^.>miui of tbe borough 
( Tmow BotJc of B^l/iut, p. SOO). Ho died on 
2 March 17Q3 at Lillyput, a houM which be 
bail built near Belfast, and woe buried nt 
night by toroh-Iight, in the ehurchjaid at 
the foot of Ilif^ Street, the gnvea iu which 
barn all long oincu b«(-n levelled. 

but hod no children. An oil-painting of him 
haage in the boord-roDiu of tho Royal Aca- 
demical Institution, ilelfnst. 

[Ulalcr BioK. Rketchoii. 3nd ser. by Cla«on 
Varutt : Bolfast Newsteilcr, \1b6, 17flO, 1706; 
il«DD*t Uistorjr of Bslfut.] T. B. 

tiHti Brtitt, ^n of Mngous Monsoti, an Edin- 
biir^li m fir) I fin I., wak horn at Ediiihiiri^li on 
S Dttc.lSM). Aftar lieliail left schiiol lie spMit. 
nomi! ruonllia in (lie worksliop of ii (luiidi- 
cuiter. wkorw by wus enjfugttd in ciiUtUff liies 
for printer!.' types. In May 1806 hv tmlyrod 
the wood-engraving ilepaJtmonl of Messrs, 
W. Jt K. Cbaniti«t¥, pu{il)H.Lt>r8, and during 
&n npprenticeship nf five yt^re with that iinn 
jiroduetu] R numlHT of wcwHeuU. incliniiiip 
Mmc tfti)piBCOii f<ir 'Chnmbers'e Mitci'liiiny.' 
H« foiinn tinift to uttend the School of Art, 
to copy in thi' Sccitt iah Naltunal (.! atlery, itnd 
to contrihuit'; to a Skitching Cluli; ami he 
Bpent hi* summer holiday of iSrOin London, 
Diahin^' studies in tUc- nutional collt.-CtioiiB. 
IJie inclentures hsTing been cunc-alleJ by his 
pequest in Augiwt isri, he devoted himself 
luort! lusiiliioiisly to tlie tvorb of the Kdiu- 
burg'hScbdolitf Art,Mncl in tbefollnwinjf vev 
hi; i^iined n ftnn student^bip and ■ silver 
medal for a v^ater-coluur *tutly. In 1873 he 
tiavL-Ilvd in If'rauc<.'> BcWium, and Holland, 
visiting Juevf lerauLi ut iLe Ua^fuc. iJtiortly 
after tiis return bis boallb railed, and hu 
woa compelled, early in 1S7-1, to jp' noutli 
to Sark, where be made ttime of bia best 
elivtcbes, He returnod to Scotland for a 
olivrt timo, and in Jnnuarv lt^76 went to 
Pnric, to inliu Iwsnnrt in etchuij; in tho studio 
erf M. Cntinrt. Un waa bnck in England in 
April, tuid bi^ HKltied for a few inontlis at 
Sltirley, near Cnndon. In September hu 
eoiij^hi cbani.'e at Lvrnptonu in IVvumibin-, 
■whL-n; Lo died oii,' 37 Feb. 1876. Ho U 
buried in the neiirlibourbjt cburcbyard of 
Oultiford. He ban Wtt n smflU watiT-coIaur 
jMirtntit of himniOf wbcn nn apprentice, and 
aaothcr exwulrd in 1 "^4, and hnnp in 187C 
ia the ■.•xhiliitiun of tlm Hojal Scottish 
Academy. A jfimd pbutORrapli (1878) i* rv 
producea in Mr. ftniy'ii 'Memoir.' 

In his cngravini;; Maiikon wn> nn ackniiw- 
lodgcd dliiciplo of Bewick.cupvinu biimmplK 
and i.lir<^t lim^ctlV'cts.aad pmemug loworh 
* from tho solid blm-k into tk« while, inmead 
of fruui thi< tvhiiti into any by me«iis of a 
multiplicity of linn*.' |[i« punUnoa, whioh 
deal with houifly and Kimple »(ihjm^i«, aw 
tealiitic IrnnFicnptii fniw naturt', and ar« 
chielly notable tor tbt^ir fiiiu »cb«nM of 
colour. Many of bii worka aw rvpr<>dni»<d 
in tbg ' Monioir.' 

[OM«rg» Msaoon an'l lii* Wnrki, Kdinb. IMO. 
flontaiaini! n bi«Ki«pbicBl prafacf liy J.U.Oray. 
fooDdo'l ou iiiitarial giVBB by ibt ariiai't nriukli ; 
infarcuKiuii kindlv aMipliM by J, K, I'ainnaii, 
m^.. and W, t). M^Kay, RB-A. ; U>n«n<a'« 
Omphie Aru, pp. 311-11; Seotaman, I SlM«k 
lS7«.t 0. O. & 

MAJirr, RICUAKD (I77fr-I948). buhop 
uf Down, L'onnor, and Uromore, eldest son 
and firth child of Kicbard Mant, D.D., waa 
born nt Soiitbampton on llIFcib. I77tt. Uis 
fatb^ the miuterof King Kdwari'sUTsmraar 
School, aad afterwarda roctar of All Sainta, 
Soutbampion, was the acm of Thomaii Klant 
of Ilavaut, Ilump«bire, wbo bad nain«d a 
dmigbttT of Joaepb Binjzbaiii [q. v.] th« 
<'<Mrl(.'.siiLj|i«l arcbfeolo^iat.' Mane was edu- 
ojited h^ his fntliur and at tVincboater School, 
of which he was elected scholar in 17S0. 
In April 1793 hr, wna callr-iJ on wilb otb«r 
achoLars lo I'OBign, in eoaiu^aeiioo of tome 
bT«>Bch of diacipbna. Xot hamg (aa waa ad- 
mitted) personally in fiiult, he r^fuB»d, and 
waA deprived of biK Kliularahip. JUvnturcd 

elected to a fuLlowKhip at Oriel, which ho 
held to the end of lS04. Hie cbmv ' On 
Commerca" (included in 'Oxford j^a^liah 
I'riie EBsaye,' 1836, l2mo, vol. u.) nbtainvd 
t]i>e cbHnc«Uor'B prize lu 1799. Is 1800 h« 
began hjfi louK n-hi^ of poetical publications 
by vanae ia nemorv of bia old maaltfr at 
Wiocheator, Joseph \Varion, D.U. He (rra- 
duatvd M.A. in 1601, was ordained deacon in 
160:?, and, aftur acting a? curate CO Ilia fiither, 
took a Iravi-Uine tulnrsbip, and wa» dutaincd 
iuFniucuiii lHlJ2-.tdiiring tbewor. Having 
hiva onlaiued ^rii-^t in 180-'!, be becamo 
curate in cLar^e 1 1^04j of Knritoii, Hamp- 
ebirc. After actiii]^ «a cnruro at Crawley, 
Hampshire (ISU^i, and to \i\s father at 
HoiLthampton (December 1S09),he became 
vicar of (Ju^tjsball, Essex (1810), whara he 
, tiKih [lupiU. In 1^1 1 be was cloctcd Bam|t- 
lon lecturer, and rho!i(.-aj<biatopica vindica- 
^ tioii of ibe evnni^lical clmracter of Anglican 
. preacbiuit a^faiust thv allegatlouj vf inetlio* 
, di&ts. '^e IpcinTiea attracted notice. Man- 
nn¥-Sutton. arcbbisbop of Cftnlerbury, made 
lum Inn domestic chaplain in 181S, and on 
(toiti^ to renidv at Lambeth berenitined Cog» 
p-nhall. In ISin he vnu collalt^d to the 
I rectory of Su Koiolpb'i. Bisbom^ate, and 
I commenced D.P. at Oxford, lie wa« pr*- 
•ented in 1B18 to tbn rectory- of Eaat Hota- 
lev, Surrey, which be bidd with St. Bo- 
te) ph 'a. 

In Fobninry 181*0 Muit was nominated 
br lK>rd Liveniool for an Irish bishopric, 
ite is Mud to have been 6nt dedfued for 
'Watiprfoni and Liemorv (though this was 
iM>t vButni). but waa ullimalo'v appointed 
. to Kitlakw and Kilfenomgli,aHd waH ronwi- 
craii>d at Cn^ibi'l on .SO April 1820. H« at 
onci> lot'k up hia reaidencc at Claritford 
llouw, bringing Eit^liab dervanta with him. 


• pcoow^Ung' ao mpopuUr tlut he mwd die- 
RiiMwl tltMo. Ho Toled flx^inst Komnn 
e*thnli« omanciMtion in 18:^1, atid apiin in 
1835. (h» 'J'2 March I W;i he w.i» imiidUl^c! 
to Down kitd Connor, ■uc<v«ilici7 Nntlianinl 
AIexuul«r, D.D. {J. 22 Oct. IHIO), who tuid 
bMS truulatfid to M<?*th. Thtirv wiu) then, 
»» DOW, uu olEcinl mtdcDCic conncctt.'d wilb 
IUB(lMce«e: Mant tixinl hi^alu'l-.-iil KiiOfk- 
na^Bej( [JahbilH Hill), in (lis purialiuf lioly- 
wrood, co> Down, a fnw lailiM frotu Uelftuit- 
H« Ltd oooM frotB k dioci-se whicti wu 
largelr Romui catholic to a etroaehold of ' 

5in)tcstMili5ai, maiiily in iU |>EVsbytentiD 
bnB,andlu:>uccn:dnliii(l(>iiu;tBUGliior tliv 
Sroepoilv o{ tbc then L'^lablulti-d churdi, 
l&nt vkd oa llie rojnl c<)inRiisj<90» of in* 
quin itiio «ccltwU«ti<:al unions (If'^Oi ; tlif 
pablicatiuD of il8 report in July I ^M ^i : 
lollowud hy coneidaralile cftbits of LLiUiU 
cxt«tifioa in bis diocMc. ![« found 11<^]fa#l 
-will) two nporapftl churclics.nnd Iv^ itwiTh , 
6rv. lie toolf an activi* part in cnnn(.-ciii>n 
witfa ihe. Dawn and Connor Chtirth Accom- 
mndaiion Sodety, Tonned (19 1)|«. IfiG?) nt 
Uie HMnrestiau of Thoiuas I>n^w. D.D. (li. 
\6S0), wbich between 1630 aiid 1843 Uid 
nut 32,000/. in aid of KixieeD new cburchfA. 
lit 1842, OR the death of James ^iirin. DO., | 
biabopof DruRiorc. that diorcsc woa united lo 
CowD rad Connor, in accardiuK^ with tlit> 
fwvTuuunaof tho Church T'^mporalitiw Act 
of lftS3. The uniT«id diowji! u n Inrvc cino, 
bein)T 'a tixtMoth of all Imlaod.' Tiu- liui 
inlate wliobadhi>1d tlie thrwaHMconjotatty 
was Jemnjr Tay 1 f < r, to w h oi* nw-mory a mart>lL' 
montnnmt, pr(ij«v!t«il by Mini, and with an 
inscription from his yvn. had heen placed in 
1827 within thi> catbMlral church at Lis- 
tiani. CO. Antrim, 

3Ibiii vrax an indt-fatijrihlo wrilrrr; thv 
biblkarnptij of hit publiMitioni' <ie<ru[iie.4 
(n»r five po^ in ih(> Bhtt^h Mii=«^iiin Caia- 
Icjgaa. Uis poeiiv is chicflr notable for 
ita OopiovaniMB. tour of his livmnf nre in- 
dudotl in Lord Selbome'G < Uooii of Praise,' 
1663 ; about tw«aly others, some bein^ me- 
Irioal pMlina, ar<> foiiad in mnny hymnnl'. 
Slany of hi* bymna vrvn* iidnpli'd from tlin 
KoBMatneviary. TlutanniiutodKibh-flt^U) 
veparcd hy Qeorg« D'Oyly, D.D. ft), v.], and 
Slant, at the i]uian«! of Archbishop lilan-- 
nera-Sutlon, aod at the etp<>nj0 of tho So- 
eiHj for I'romotinif Ohristion Kn«wled|r«, 
wan largely a compiUtion; it »till retains 
eotuudcrablo nnptibirity. [t was followed by 1 
OB ediriian «! rho pr»ysr-lvK>l: { IH'M), on a 
•omt'whal iiimiUr plan, by Mant aloDS. | 

His bMl work in hi* ' History of tli« 
Church of ]rt.-liioa'(l&IO),tbofrujt of much \ 
rff^tith into manuacHpt a« well as prin1«d | 

Bourees. It was undertaken toneet awant, 
f><U nil the more from lbe<vinepicuoua ability 
whioh mnrk"-! the (irsi two r,ilum«« (1833^ 
iKiT) of Rpid's ' Hittorv of llio I V-iby teriaii 
Cliurch in IntUnd.* An one waa so well 
(Hiutpped for thA task a* CliarUv KichanI 
Klnngtan, D.f. r^.T.]; but on hi» failuni, 
owiii); to ill-licaltli, to fulfil tbr devigii, Mant 
(.■aniw fiirwurd. Hia olyle ia wry ri^adabtc, 
Hiid if bis cvuiineiitB an; tiiuai; vf a portioani 
hia facl4 lire luuully wl-II nrr4ti|,'t*d uud sa- 
cortaineJ with care. Tbo earlier churcli 
hUtorr of Ireland is iiriored, and the jKoiod 
imiDi'distvly prci^cdinp ihr I'l-formal loo is 
treated loo much in llic manner of a pro- 
tt^itant pamphlet -, but ihu n-iil tupic of tba 
bntik, tlii> )ii lilt 'iEvfunnit lion nnnals of the 
lri«bc;t:iMijbiuL-iiltalhK union, ooulitliardlr 
ii:i\>' i'ilIi-ii li a roiitv jiidicioua nnrrntor. A 
i:'>l>iwviit LiiJ>'\ W Maul bimsctf adds to Lhu 
book's viilue. 

Mant was tnk<-n ill on '27 Oct. I*^^ while 
jilnying at tin: iix-lory-bour«<', llallyinoncy, 
CD. Ant rim, and di<-d ibi-n' on '2 Nov. I840. 
He wivi biirlfd im 7 Nov. in the churchyard 
of St, Jamea's IlillilioroH)[h. co, IKiwn. Ho 
married, on 2:? IW. li^l. Elixabetb Wood 
(if. l> April jKtO). an orphan, of a Sussex 
family, and left \Valt>.T Bishop Mant [<|.T.], 
nnotlMT soil, ond o dnoHlttcr, 

Hix |inblicnlt(inj> mnv b<- thna closeiliiM] : 

1. PoBnrAi.. 1, ' ViTsn* to llw Mi-morT of 
Jow£hW&rtoji,D.D..'.Vc.. Oxford. ItvOO.rtvii. 

2. ' The Country Contte.' \f„ tJxIbrd, 1804, 
t^va 3. 'A Collection of .MiKeltoneotis 
Poems." &c.. Oxfonl, li^Ofi. Svo (a parts). 
4. 'The Slnre.' &c, O»fonl. INB. (*vo. 
•\ ■ The BuA of I'«ilm« . . . Velrical Ver- 
tiion; lt,\, IWJ, Urn. (1, -Tlie llotvilays of 
clw Chun^b . . . with . . . Itlptrii-al fi^vtcbrt*,' 
&c.. l»28-31,»ro, 2 vola. 7, -Thn Oospel 
Miroclua ; iu a aariea of IWiical Shetcbea,' 
.^c. 1832, ISmo. a *ChriBtmns Carols,' A:e., 
1^3, l^mo. 9. -The Happiness of iho 
HIeswd,' &&, 1833, U'lno; 4th lkI. 1»37: 
1870, 8vo. la 'The Bnli'h Months: a 
Pfipni, in twoIrnjjarK.'Ac, ls;J."i. H»o.S voli. 
1 1. < Ancii'nl Hyinn< fmin llu' I'oniiin Rro- 

ftddVd, Orittinal Hymim,' Jte., 
•>. 'TlR'Sumlial of Anoov,* 
kc Dublin, IMT. Ifimo. 13. •Theilnliii 
BelL' &C., (Itford. 1*18. 16mo. 14. <The 
Youthful Christian Soldier . . . with . . . 
HymnSj'Ae.Uiihlin.lKlM.lL'nio. II. Hi«o- 
WOAI.: 15, 'Thol'oelioal Works of. . -Tliomaa 
Warton . . . with McTnoiw,' Ac, IVtXi, Hro. 
10. ^BiofrrapliiCAl Xotiem of th« ApoiMl(«, 
Evangvliit*, and otlirr fNUnt*,' &«., Oxford, 
182S, Bvo. 17. ' Htsiorv of th* Cliurch of 
Ir«laud,' &e., IBW, Kvo,^ toU. lU. Tbtolo- 
DIML : IS. * Purilaniam Rovived,' &«., ISOS, 

vianr . 

1H3?, 12m.). 1 

8«o. 19. ' A 8l«p in LbtTempla . . . Guide 
to . . . Cbotch Cftwdium.* *c [1«0S], 8to ; 
nvrintDd, 1840, I^raa. 20. ' An Appeal to 
tbo OMpot,' kc, Oi&wd. nVJ. 8vo_(Bunp- 
Um locture); fkb edit. 18l«t, »to. (Extract* 
feeni tliia wwn iJiuad u ' Two Tncte . . . 
of KeemnaiMni &&<! Ctmxwnoo.' &c., 1817, 
ISaw.) 21. 'Hsnooa^i'fte., Oxfonl, l)^1.1-irj, 
Sto, 3 vol*, tli. ' Scmiont . . . twftiri! tlui 
Unir(««i(Tof Os<(V>d.'.><:e., 18IA,Rvo(agaiii« 
SoeiaiaiiuiB}. i3. 'Thu Truth and tlia Ex- 
e»llanee ot tli« Chrutiaa Rdigion,' Ac, 1819, 
13mo. 21. 'The CtuiaUan Sabbath,' ke., 
1830, 8vo. ai>. "The ClMffymsn's Obli;^ 
tioiu,' &c., Ozrord, IrtSO, lUrno,:! pttnt; ■JikI 
«dit. tuiinoynar(ml(\rrvd to br X«winmn a«*m 
twiwldling — «titoiuvj" — public-atton'). ^. *A 
l><>tew to . . . II. II. Milmkn . . . Autltar 
of A Hut<iTy of lUe Jowa,' Jtc, 1830, 8vo. 
27. 'A S«ond Lett«r; ic, IftSO, 8m 

38. *Th9 Cfaur<ih«<B of Itonie and England 
OMDmred; Ac, 1)^;HI, rJtn'>i 1884, ISmo. 

39. 'Do»lho CbiiwJi of Itomo nfrr^ with 
(Im Church of Rn^lnnd in nil the Fiindn> 
mentnU ? ' ki\. Dublin, I «:«(, Hva. .SO. * Rx- 
tcmiwriHKroiii' Pnivcr,' Ac. .Dublin, 18.37, 8vo. 
31. 'The fhurob* niiil bur Mitii«tiTB,' Jtc, 
lH38,8vo. .3i. • IUiinani-.m itiid Holy J^crifi- 
turo.'Jic, ncwcJJi.ltaO.lSmo; 1WJ8, Hiiuo. 
83. ■ Priuiilivu C'bmtiaiiitT,' Jtc, 18ll', 8vo. 
Si. 'A L'lureliman'fl ApolomV &t., l>nbliu, 
1844, Hv'j. .'!ti. 'llwro Kcclc8ia.*ticfc,' &c., 
1646, Itfmo. SI). ' llono Lituniicio,' &<:., 
iSiR, Kttao. 37. 'IhUgiQ QuolidJiLaa,' &c,, 
18*6, 8vo, 38. ' Ferim Aniiivcriiiwi»,' ic, 
ISi7. Ildiio.i voIb. 39. ' Thu ScDteh Coin- 
muuioiiUIHci','&c..OAf(irJ,l8|j7.8vi>. -JO, 'A 
short Trocl for U.;viTttlialB.' &c., 1859, 8vo. 
IV. Ml«riii.tASHiitri>: 41. 'A PBreinR . ■ . 
of aoma of lb-? Colloiiuics of Corderri' &c., 
1801, ISnao. 4i. ' Kcfli^tions on . . . Crunltv 
to AnimttK' &('., I»07, Svo. 43. 'Cliurcli 
Architootunt cuiiNiilerfti.' &c., nclfiwl, 184S, 
8to. Also siiiffle sonuona, 181S-10, tind 
(Aargfit, I82(M2. 

[Memoir bj'Bori'Ha. 1849; Memoirs by Wfiller 
Biabup Mant, I8it7 ; Biog. Diet. oT LltiDj; Au- 
thom. l»ie, p. 220; EwartM Himdbnnk of lliti 
Vniu4 DiocMu of liowD, Connor, and Dromora 
11883] 1 Nowniitn'iil>itlan>,1801,i.:il8; Juliau'n 
Diet. Hjinnolog;;, 1603, pp. 718 «g.i Nut«*> unil 
Qnerifi, fiih wt. x. 88.] A. D. 

I8il!l), diviim. eldwt »oii of Itichanl Mnnt 
[(], v.1. waa born on i-'i June H07 at Iturilon, 
llompshire. He mninculoted at Oriel Col- 
\em, Uxford. on ft Fob. 1hl>4. mid grndueted 
B.A. lh2". M.A. IHW). Ill lK,il U,, took 
order*, miil wan a])[jointM) nrcbiluncan of 
Connor bj- bis Catbor. In Oclobor Itiit \w 
wa* prnfnrrod to ilio nictoiy of HiU«boroii(th, 

CO. Down, tod wi« ftppointed 
Down. Fo*- nanj \<t*n fa# wa* 
giaod macter, and' aftenranli 
(rand chapUiu, of lh« fteatBaanmef Don 
and Aatriin. Like luiEulMr,wha*rW4gt»- 
pber be became, he wnta rafae. la sbu> 
quarian miqeeu he took cowwdwaHa iM^ 
n>st, and contributed to the* Praeeadtaga'of 
local ^ocivliM. )le preached on Swad^y, 
4 .April 18H0,8nd died ot iaflurasa two dars 
laivr at the arehdoacoaiv, Hillsbnmufh; be 
wa» buri«d on 10 April at HilUboroi^. 

]lGpubliih»d: 1. 'Hor« -Vpottolieat,' Ac, 
1«39, 8vo. 2. 'The Slaa of Soirowa , . . 
five Discounea,' &c., Oxford, 1^6:?, 8ivk 
li. ' Xemoira of . . . Kirh*nl Mint/ &e., 
Tinblin, 18.57, Kto. 4. ' Cbrieiophoroe and 
othCT P(vfin«,' *c.. I'WI. ^vn. 5, 'Bible 
Qiui««t*,' ke. n .'*H:il,."JL>mo ( tlii*s4 nuBtbMV). 
C. 'Soi.:ntiae(iuartctU,'Jfce. [I.Mji-S^JKooo 
(rix numben). 

[BeUaM N«waleUw. 7 Apnl aad 1 2 April 1 6M ; 
G tun! inn, 14 April 1869. p, 440; Kvnrt'* Uaail* 
book of £)io««o of DovD, Conoar, luid Draneva^ 
I88e.r.40; FoiW'a Alumni (htoa. I71A-ISS6.1 

A. O. " 
MA2JTE, THOMAS (Jl. 1772), militair 
writer, deecribee himtelf s* liani;^; aened 
ae nu «uutietsiit enf;iD(>er at the ei*^« of Ha- 
vnnft in 17ti2, nod «■ mnj<ir of bri^da to 
Coloni-I Dudley Brad»(Tcct in tlia cotapaigna 
ntfninvt tlio Indians in I7U4. His alma 
diitxi not (ip]i«nr in tiny Biitinh ' Annv I<i*t,' 
nor in Portcr'ti ' llintoiy of thi; Koj^ol £aai< 
iioere,' Manle -wrotB Kv-erul uulilarj worhs, 
the moat importaiit boiuK hia ' Ilisioij of 
the laic ^Var m Amocico. includioif the 
Oamp'ai^s a^aioat Hie Majesty's TTiditin 
Enrinii;!!,' London, 1 '7t!. a handsome quarto, 
pcoi.-H^d by tbf Amcricna histonaui Sparks 
nrid Hiuicrofl. mid iwwBciirci'(cf. Lowxdbs, 
fhbl. Mamial, Uohn; WlKsnR, liUl.vfAm^ 
rirri, V. {ilfl, f<ir)tliril>!>. Mniili- iiblaiucd, but 
did not. takti nut, a lii^en»i> to print and vend 
the worli forn Icrm of faurteen veara (Jtone 
OJice n'nrraiitJIook.volxwW'f. 195). The 
hook wns piibllshE^d in tlio ordinary way, 
Mmii* also nroto n ' TTc^l^iJn' on t.lio I'w of 
Di'fi.'iisivc Arms, trnnctntiid from ilti- I'rmcb 
af July dr Maierni V, with Ri-mnrh V Ijoiidon, 
1771 : ' By«nim or Tuctiai, iraiisUied from 
till- Frentli nf Jf*ly ilfi Wsircray,' ond dedi- 
caleJ iij Guy Cnrleton, lord Dorchesier, 
LoncJon, lif*! : and * Nmvol and Miltlary 
History of the Wnrs of England, including 
tbose of Scotland and IroUnd.' Loudon, 
1"95F-If*07. Tho lii»r two v"him.-« an- de- 
«crilii'd u' otnpb-lHl by aniinuarlial hand,* 
pnvinniBbly After t\uf aullior's aealh. 

(AUilione'ii Di<t. *ol ii. ; DnliA'a Amvrieoa 
Biog. ; Watt'a Bihl. BriL ; ManU's Work*. Tha 

Mantel I 



nautrtua a Mr. Thorau 'M«nc' tbout in «- 
ttpta«M in I'&t. Among Lti« Cnrrll Papers In 
the nritiih Mairuto (Add. MS. -J«232. t 373), 
HMf aiujpMl a eliM to his oiixitu] 11. M. C. 

(ITSO-IK'U), gcol<)ei«t, WHO Ikjiti in l"'.K) in 
tbe parith of St. JoUn-siit^'iic< m. I.'-wok, 
SitMex,beangotienfftfniuilYiifi'i\— foursonH 
tnd two d«nKliIcr«. HU faiUer wiis a $boii- 
maker in good btuiiness, noted for hie abrawd- 
B«M, iDl^^ritr. and ^hijf principlea. Gideon 
wMaent linit to h dame's ^Himil.tiext la one 
krat byik Mr. Itullon on Ihi? VUH'^ (for Uia 
(iith(iriiprineipl«rs pr«rticnl1v«Kirlii<lod him 
from tlw rnmraAr iclinol), iFu'ti Ion privnto 
■cbool in Wiluhiiw. Ho wu ui-xt nt-liclod 
to Jtnea Sloorv.a cor^^n inL«ve«,lii,' wliom 
he VB9 40 mticli l>3t«l'm•>dtllll^,nntIlo comple- 
tion of fail mixlknl education by booomin^ n 
ItcmtiKteof the Apothconriee' Ilnll, Lc wu 
takeo into ptrtnerahip. Mnnl>>ll wu very 
meeevftil in bis profeeaion nt I.^wob, making 
Budwiftrr& CpoeUl itudy. Ili; contribulml 
to the'LAnott' MVOkI paprn on llii>, and 

ocber BMdiMl MUon^, and, wiiU ihf ]i<.-lji 
of hi* hrotber Jomua [<). v.^, n mcmlKTr «f 
the Mme prof«*^oa, wu instrumental in 
■iTWtiaff toe dettlt peaa.lty, and procuring 
■n idtimnto pardon, for a vrommi who hod 
been conili'isntrd far poisontau; tier husband 
with ancaic, iincc he succecaM in s[i>>wiu|r 
that tkp t««ta nlicd npon by (hv mcdicnl 
witaeaaes forlbi-cmwn wiro iintfU:'twortliy. 
Aea rMdit of ihij, lia pubUalK-d in 16:?7 a 
treeli^ vntitled ' Ubaetral ions on tlu- .Medi- 
cal Evidoaec ncceiMry to )>rovi> tbi; l'n?Etin' 
of Aneok in the llumuti lt<.>dy in casin of 
•uppaMd Poiaoning by lli&t Mineral.' 

Bui, whil« ftctivdy fullowins hie profo*- 
aiua, Manti?!! Inst no otitiortnnitT of indnlg- 
itt|t bin tjwir fdrnAtUTSliiitttoryandztn^lo^', 
and of collating apMimcnii, tiret from tiu- 
chalk about ijewcfi, thea from Clit! Wratd 
of Sosaex. 'A Desrripiinaof ii FneMil .\l- 
ojtnunm from thi" Cb»lk Hirnta near Lewe*.' 
raiid bvfon: ijic Linucan Society in 1^14. and 
prialcfi in their 'Tronsaclions' (si. 11)1-71, 
«ru tlie firrt iif n Ioi« h-ries of piiblicnticvni'. 
His reputnttrin ranidlv kttw, i-npiTially nftf-r 
hiadtscoivry of t.hir iKuaniidrin in tlic wiiid- 
Olone of Tllfrstu Fnrr»t, nn nccoiml nf whirU 
wia Rod before tin- Royal Stictely early in 
183S, and is printed in thf ■ rbiloaophical 
TVamactioos,' exv. L79. ULs colU-ciion of 
fb«ils became noted, for he apnivd neither 
tbx nor money in angntentincit, and in 16^, 
hy the advJM. back«^ by libural pecnmarr 
help, of the Ru-l of E^r«>mnnt, he n'movpd it 
and bis familv (for Iin had niarriKd n Mis» 
Woodhoute. the dnufjtiter of mm of hi« tin> 
tieoM) to Brighton. But here be was um 

succeMTul in his prafesBian than he had beea 
at LewM, and, after a rain effon had been 
mode in the di^rict to raise a fund tiut&cient 
to retain the cotleclion for Susset, M aaiall 
wold it to tbe Britiah Museum for 5.aKU. In 

1 h.'iD ha removed to a houae on Clnphnm Com- 
mon, a.ud after a few ytaa* thnre moved into 
London, living' ai lit Clienter Square. But, 
while biasciienli disrepute increiu«d,hta niMli- 
cal pisctira declined. In his Inter year« \w 
devoted himself uininlv to literatureand lec- 
turing, in both of whiidi, in theword-<of Lord 
RoaM)(pn]nd('nl')ftliriRfiyiil Society).' he was 
umin»ntlyi!U(XMiufiil,'owinff to 'the lincvlar 
ability, thit iVlicitoiu tllitsl mtion, nnd tho 
energetio eloquence ilmtchnmet^rttf'iil ntl hi* 
diaeoursea.' He vna also a zealutu antiquary, 
openinff many lumnli nboui Lewen. In llic 
later year« of hu life Mantell -luHcred from 
aRpinal comi'Inint, the re<u]t of an accident. 
TliDiigh nt limpK in iirtute pnin, he bore it 
briiv(i!r, continuing ti> join ocicntittc meet- 
ings fltnl di-'liTiT leMUrc*. Thi" «nd wiw iin- 
i?vpi*et'?d. After ftieeturu lo the Clapham 
Ailienieum. be look opium to allnv pnin. 
The d'.'he. though iiot in itnelf o fatiil onv, 

Sr<vve<] Mt to hs> exhausted ftnmo, und In; 
imI 10 Nov, lti5'2. lleu-iu biirie<l in St. 
\l ichni Is Church, I<ow««, whoKr tliitre is a 
bruss tntjlt-l to lii« mirmort-. Tie left two 
som : Walter, who discoTcrtd the f'JMil re- 
main? of tlic i^i^nti-c diuomia} lutd Joshua; 
bifisides one dauffhlcr. 

Maulell ivaa a focile and prolitii; writer, 
Liuler hie uamu aixly-wveii Ivoks and me- 
moirs Apjieor iu Asfut'ix and Si rii.k land's 
'IJibliopnphia ZooiOKiic,' and fortv-fiyht 
HcivDtihc inptTS in the Royal Society '« L'aCa- 
lugiiv, Ottuvlattcr,ti.-n-trencommiuiicai«d 
to that, Kiciety and printed in tin- 'I'hJo- 
unphical TnTiiwctinns,' and ninctn-n were 
pnhlinhed by ibedeoluKinilSociH y. Of thme 
{KtiM:n,Lbe majority deal with tlu- Kni1i)|;y and 
paucoBtoloi^, vorlebraie and in\i<ri«^rate, 
not^ Corgettiiif plants, of the »outb-east of 
Enifland ; bat Muitell nlw) wiolcon I lie fowul 
fox (if (Knineen. and on the ' Dinomis' and 
' \i)iorni-i ' of Ntw Ztraliind, the remaJna of 
nhicUliad hw.n iwni ov«t by hi.'««>n Walter, 
IIUlasiIiapaTwaKaii •Tel^peionKl^nemse,' 
a foKul reptilediscovenHl in Moray, in strata 
co]isidercd(eTTODFoiuIy )cabeofold mltand* 
iTune opi'. loffethcT n-iih some remarks on 
• iipjinu'i! frisfd oTQ of batrachiiuiii ftom the 
Inwor I li'Vfininn of Forfarshire. 'TheKoouls 
of 1 h« .South l»owns,' 4to, 1 822, was his first 
book, the plate* of which were executeil by 
bin wife; others Were ' Tlie tii-nlngy of the 
Snuili-F.-iNtiit EnKUiid.'lHSS: 'Tlioiigbtaon 
a IVbble.' 1830 ; 'The Wonder* of r.M»lngy/ 

2 vols., leas ; * The MedaU of Creation/ 


Man tell 




2 ToU., 1B44 : 'Tboogbta im Anlsukiiilat,' 
lt*40 ; ' Ocoloeical EKcuniuna round tbe Lile 
ofWi^t Boa aloBg the ftdjacent Coul of 
DonKtahiic* I»t7— all tiro. Moet of iIkm 
wmt ttuaof^h mora dun one edition ; of tlie 
'Wooden' ait v«re |iabUalM>d in tLc fint 
tea retn. 

^Ul)teU wu elmcd into the Linnrnn 
8ocia[T in l^tS. nnd into tlu' (Imlii^ical 
SooelT in 1dl8 : from tbt; Inlti-r he- n-ccirM 
tbe ^t'ollBstan ni<sJal in l^V*; lir irtts nne of 
ita wcriit«>w!n IMt-^.amln viL-ivjiriwtdeRt 
in \MH-V. Ur ws» «l«ctMl F.R..S. in 18:2^ 
ftnd ncvived a ro7>l medal in Mi9: be wu 
•nmlM an honanry fellnn- a{ ihe Itojral 
Oiiilf^- nf Siin^eont in IA44. lia^-rnf; bccmnc 
3(.K.C.S. in 184 1 , ami niin eninled. in the ImC 
year of liis lifp, n pptwinn from tli* crown. 

Mnntell niu nnt nnir n poputnr Wtiir^r 
and wrifiT, but nlw llwi liwi In JfinuntiralH 
rberr<«h-wiil<'niri|;i:inf T lir \VV«U!i?n r-tmtii, 
and tiy hiw rVMHircliM iiiuiinK Ilit>ni to dis- 
mver fnnr out of ihe five ip-ni'm of Dinosaur* 
knnn-n at the titn« of hix ileath. But bin 
diinf aerrice to &piencp wns ' os n wurkin^ 
puIogiM, af a di«coV4!Tvr, ns a e»l1«;inr, and 
u nne vlin, in th>< infnnry of K<^^''>|l>Col 
MJeoce, placed lifforv tho w<v1d llic lueaiu 
by vhich nthen) miili) wrili- a tlioai* or found 
a aystMn.' Tim Itoyul Socieiy poauiKS a 
|tortrait of Mnntrll hy J. J. MaMjuuricr. 

[O'jilunrj nUtrio •') I'roidcDUftl AdtlrvuaB 
(Urd Rowwl t . th. R..j«I Swittr, I8S2, pj. 'i«- 
31 . aitd t« the Oool'if;i--ftl Sooi^t^ (Qiinn. JouTn. 
(!»olog.Soc.tu).il.IiI>.MLi-v): Oeiif. .Va;r, 1852. 
pt. ii, pp. 614-7 : iViwcp'" SmiHis WoriliiM, yp. 
tU-9; Apia*ii >»"! Mrirklnmj'* Bil>H'i([i.iptii'i 
ZoolngtK eU Cvnlo^la-. pp. Ii39~f£: Riij'iil <'^ix'. 
CauMtueof SciouiilkPitpcrB, ir 21»-2i).1 

T. G, B. 

(tponrtndwril'ir-inh'iriieiilt-iiiv, boniiu 1795, 
WM yoiingitr bmther of (JidMii Al^'rann 
Manl'"ll[il. v-1 III) adapted thoniodiMi] pm- 
fOMi-ui, WD« admitted n ticentint-' rT the Apo- 
tbi^corit** CoDipony, Lniid-^n, in IWt? {.!/«/, 
liiifft. IBto), mid prnctijiwl OR ft «urp'iui at 
Nowick in Sik^ikjc. 

Ibu NcwLcU Uoriiouttiiral Sncictr. About 
imH lie wiw thr-Jwn froia liU liotw, aud rv- 
Ofirud an bijiiry tr» lii» brain wliicb neo^aai* 
talr»l Ilia rvuoval to an a^yluni iit Tictiliural, 
wberf hv died in IBH-I. 

Miuilell WU9 tliD author of an nrticlo on 
' J'lori cult tux-,' i»»uo<) Iralh saparataly and iu 
BaJClcrV 'I.ibrarv ^f Agricultural and Ilor- 
ticultunil Knowtodu*.'.' 2nd I'dtt. Bvo, I^wv^s 
1683 ^4th edit. le-lU). of which work and 
'The i'arnii'rV Animal ' he 14 aaid to hove 
Iwen llio priucipnl udilor. 

fBrit. Stna. Cki.i GmL Mu. !{)&% pl.t. p. .H 
«<W.] B. B. W. ■ 

MANTELL,SiRTHOMAS(l7ai-l831). " 
aotiqnafT, bom in 17>*)1, was I lie only son ot 
Thomas Slantell. survmn.of Uhilhatn, Kent, 
by Catharine, daii^li<<T of John Nichol*, 
rvctnr of Fordwich. Ilu baJoagwd to Ibv 
KuiiiiKb branch of Uw Mantel U. Ptagn tlw 
autiijuflry waa bit ^odfiuber. Early m lift 
kesettlt^l at I>over in hUfatber'aprofemian, 
but retired on beins appointed agent for 

friMnna of war aaoT traiupans at Dow. 
n 1814 be wu appointed ap^nt for padteCs 
at l>over,a pott at tbal lime drasandnig un- 
rvmittiaj^altenlion. He was for many jw« 
a mapriMrat* ac Dorvr, ami lis time* ita 
maynr. Ho waa knighlM on I.'i May IKA> 
during hi* raaroralty. He di^l at hin houaa 
in Doi*r on 21 Dee. 1831. a^ivl 80, end i«-ai 
buried in the family vault at Chtlham. n« 
married Ann<^, daughter of Willinm Uakl«y, 
but li^ft no family. 

Mnntell was eleetod f«lIow of the So«i«tr 
of .\iitit)iiarit'A in IBIO. lie inv«etiaa(«Hl 
till- tumuli in rario(i& piLrt« nf Kent, ana ma 
a collector vf auti^iiitic^ Ilia i>ablt««tiooa 
are: 1. 'Hhort Dirvdions fvr tlu; Manugv 
mcnt of Infants,' 1787. 2. ' Cn*^ of Impcr- 
fumtL- Aims Bucceusridly treatwl' in 'Me- 
moirs of Sledieine,' vol. lii. llU'i. 3. 'An 
Account of Cinnue I'arta 5£eeliuf^, called 
UrolborliDodj ana Ciueellin^,* Dover, Idll, 
4to. : letsfUf^d with additions as 'Cinque 
Porl^](rol1i(-ihoodii,Dnd Ouvsllinf;*,' Dorer, 
l?JS,4to. '1. 'Comoation CiTymonitw . . . 
rrliilive (o llir Banjna of tbn (.'iiitjiie Port*,' 
&c., DdviT, mo, 4t«>. 

(G*.nt.M«fi, i. pp. 88,89. 661; Brit. 
Mu*,C4t.I W. W. 

MANTON. JciSKPI! n7i;i}!' - 1835), 
^unmitki'r,'wnii,aOir'or<lini>ti^ llin ■qw<cili<'MtiMi 
of n pnti'iil K'''>''''''d to hini in April 17(1', 
tUi>it •'«tablish''d in biiHiiii'Min DavtM Street, 
B>:rk^'K'vSr|univ. l.onid>>n; hignnmodocs not 
npp-ur In tlio 'Dinwiury' unlil (wa rears 
alV-rwords. lie nfmaini'd in Dnvies ^lrv«t 
liiilil IKio, and bio sbop, No 'i^, became 
witk'ly known to oboolers. (.'"lonel Vvtvt 
Hawker fq. v.] wiie a Rrwit friend ami admirer 
of Jol< Mnntvn,' «.^ h^i wui alino-l iinit'ersally 
C*ll'.i3, and hi« 'InotnictiiMia to Youdr Sporla- 
mi-n' aboniiHls witL rvfurcncm to MantOD*K 
skill, Uloiiie {£»fjirlitpa<lia u/ Sporle trnd 
J'liAtittKt, \S-V}, p. 746) IS ninnt rautJiius, but 
I admits that ' bad Uo never dnin- uion; timn 
iiiTi'nl Li» firce-'A and bis e/rtriM i-ib bin 
name would \wii^ boon BHocinled willi thi? 
rowlinK-pii'Ci- an lonfr as fowl remain*^ to be 
killed. Tbn poMiwiion of ono of bis K^uu 
waa an obj«ct oT ambition to aportamen. 

Man ton 



Vnei wnttt iu lus 'Clnuut of lk« Bruvu : 

ftill liMLen wear (b* »ium» will rrt*, j 

Aill Civkaevi) bonat of Mnntftn** ^n. | 

He took out Kcvcnl patoaU bvtvrrcn 1793 
uidl^&furMi impi^rttlliiuniiicraiidWcccli- 
idk; a •prin;! to pn-yi^Dt tba mttliiiK uf I lie 
ininc«r: c«rlritij;foi HiHTfurnlidluitunii-rUi 
■Uowair to i-eraptf wbeii thv chur^pi is buinK 
mBai«d down ; the ' cluvatw) rib,' by wbion 
tin bftmls of double runs are coniiiHrleil 
togctfacTi thc'graTiiating Etop'lo prcvrnt 
■ccidGntiil diKchnr^, and the ' musicol Fi-nr,' 
br vhidi ft musical aound vna produi-i-d on 
rorltDK tbe puvf. According i n Han id 
iJtttral SjKrta, i». -WO), Manfm niiiiliMl fi>f 
B paUal in 1700 for a iiiat^liintt lor riilliii; 
cannon, and for aii impntTed »b'>i wiili a base 
of soft irood to take iiilo lht^ (jTooTinf;. lln 
muiofflciTd a «atn of M)0/. for these tnrpti- 
tionii irliirb he deeliDod. Tlic pnK-til wns 
tvfDapd, in coimmiii^ni'p of ihe imprpo»il ion 
of Hui boonl of rirdnanci', nitlioiitih ihv ' 
lrin|c*a wamtiii for ilic Hc-nliiiu: uC ilio ]>uLt-iir ' 
had been imuwIj In lii« Iji-M kuiiik he intn»- 
dui!ed platiDiirn I ouch -bales fur prevenliiig 
cormeion, and hi<i bairelt vi*^Te prored br 
hjrdnatic preMure. lie used to mv that 
Bonu of hU gntit verv crer known to bunt. 
HtainventionaiinconnL'CCvdvrith cutimnlcinif 
eompnMtl a mcllind of tmcl<»iiig rlocUs in 
Kxbaoncd ataca; air-lifibt nlidin^ tti\t<f* for 
idenopea; and a iwi] fur liiiriri^; Ii<i]i4 in 
hof rf fe<el, M> chat shoN mifrbt be alt«ehed 
b^ aCTOWS ioBt^ad of hi,' nails, linwkerclaims 
f<>r Manton Mie in trod net ion of the o^pppr ' 
MrcnMion-caji, bur this is banll,v bunie out 
Djr iIm cviilcniv. H<t tinqueetjnnably hnd | 
■omothiiig lo duwilb tbcintmdtiiTtinnorihii ' 
pereOMOB ajatvm, ha i* pmviil bv liia pati-tita I 
of ISlBandl^A for priming: tu)>r4, but Ibi^ae 
iare&tioQB fall fw sbon of the Hiraplieitj- of | 
iho copper Mp. NotirilbstandJn^ Mnnttin's 
grwal rmatatuwi and the hifrli prit^e; he r-?- ! 
cvh'cd fnr hia ppins h* did noi Biirci-ptl in 
businM*, and in January IK'Jtl hi< bt'camr 
bankrupt {T^iiian iiaiflti; p. 11)4). lit* 
(«ni6Mli> «•■ evt-ntuully nl]<iw<^d, :K) -Tulv, 
biiCh«nev«*«em«t<^bnTo r^Miva.-rti-Llliimsflf. 
At the (imp of hia banVrnptcy howascnrry- 
inif on butiiieao at II nannriT Htjuarv, but 
ttM> noxt Tonrbv van in the Nvw It'iuni, I Ii*-ii in 
Burwood Place, nnd eubs>.'atientlr in IIi>lle« 
SfMv*t. n<- died ftt Maida Mill, *J11 Joni- 
IttS'-i, a^.-d 09, and waa buried in Kt'naal 
Grtrcn ccnivtcrv, bia epitaph bting from thi- 
wm of C'oload Hawker, who prints il in 
ttta 'Inatriicliona,' MaDton.'» biisin'?»9 was 
carried on by hia aona at G Holies St rvrt uuiil 
l&IO. when it waeaa|uir«il by )lRwrf>.rharli;ii 
and lleurrE^f.abo a name of repute is tlis 

fCtintnuUi Uantoiimarrivd.ou 17 Jan.1793, 
at St. Goorna'a, Hanovvr S>iuare, Marianiie 
Aitkena, ana tho baptism of several of their 
ctiililr<-n If recorded at ihut church. 

Hi> brother, Jull^ ^[li^t(>^ id. lH34),was 
aI«)ai;ui'muUt^r, witlin reputation littlo in- 
rnrior lo llial nt' Jimrph. II is vli'ip was at 
>o. 6 Uiivor Street, Picrnililly, whim; ho 
carried on busiiiew down to the time of hia 
death. He took out fuur paiL-ma, Iml noun 
wore of much imponance. The buaineea 
n-us continued by his aona for some yean 

TliP pHl>-iii itidrxfx nNo c^ntnin the natnea 
of Orsirgp" HiMiry Mnntuii ts'vn of John 
M nut oti) Olid Jalia Au{fn^tlll• MaiiLon, both 
of whom were (MiUHUiithB. Clmrlen Manlrm, 
brother lo Johu Aun-ufu.*, wjia ajijininlt-d 
inastiT furbi^her at the Tower alx>iii l^^lJft. 
8oinc of hill iiivenltons are described iu a 
volumo IcttiTt'd 'PtTcus'ion Arm Papers. 
INIC lo IWT.'pn-wrvm! anmiiE the ordnanct- 
pnwniat l\w. Public ItwdrdflHitr. TJie wiine 
Tolume contains n^purtH »f triala of auvonil 
inveulions by the .Vlantoii!". 

[CoLoTid Hawkrr'f Initriterioet ta Yenris 
.Sponfuien. llili ad. I8fi0. vp I, Q. 20. 7e, 80 : 
Rlfilne'ft Hncjclnpadia of f^porta aad pMitiiaaB, 
ISIO. pp. 7*7, &c. ; Unniel't Rural Spcru, UL 
UO, <eO. Suppl. p. 447. ) R. B. P. 

MANTON, THOMAS. D.D.(!itL»0-IO-7), 
nreahyterian dj\bie, laptiiwl at Lvdcard Si. 
Lawrence, .Somereet, 31 JIarch 1620, waa 
Mjii of Thuma* Manton, rrobably curate of 
that place hI th*? time. Iiewns educated at 
\\w rrin- wIhkiI, Tivi-rton, niifl w«h an 'apt 
«(!liola.r, Tt'Htly at fuurlii-n fur tin' imiverpily," 
Oh II Miirt-!i l»i:t."f lie I'liUTt-il WiidbntnCol- 
K'ge, Oxford, and apntiud biumlf tudiviniiy ; 
hejmduated B.A. from Hart Hall ir> Jnnii 
16S0, and wag ordained by Buhop Hell at 
Bxet«<r at the Offeof twentT(H.viiuii>l. Tliis 
premature at ep h« aAi>nranIi*>peaksof (£li;pfr- 
mtian of Jamrt^tn' u' nuh ttilnision.' Wood 
oinci'tvMi llmL ill! wail not orduincd until Ibn 
b-ptiDin^ rtf ItWtfl, by lti»hoi> nallnwar at 
"Wtrftminsti^r, which ii iioliWlr. llifl of 
U/itTerdam anvs that. Iii> •:>nlv t<^ak dvocon'a 
orders from Itisbop Hall, and that hit neTirr 
would submit trany (MberoTvlinat inn |.if4«M 
0,r«n. iii. 11,'lfift.) .Manton prtrachcd hia 
Krat MTrmonat Sowlon, near Kiteter. He was 
in Mini citydilring tlii> «io|^l>y lliaroyaltsla, 
und u])An itH aiirrendr'r (4 i^cpl. If^U) wanl 
lo Lyme. Sewn aftvrwnrdit ho was choMO 
lifclurer at Cullompton, Dc*\'r>n.<<liirc. About 
tLv iTid of IGl-l, or early in llU^, hv wn« ap- 
putiitej by Colonel Alexandnl'upluun, M.l ., 
ati>] less'-! ijf ilie manor, to the living of 
Stoke Newington, oa the aequL-Htralion of 
William Hcnib. Mauton soon became ex- 

Man ton 


Man ton 

tito>el5pOT>uUr,iuitI an nvknowled^d lender 
vi tlik prGHsyientna in London. 

Ha WHS ono of the three si'ribe^ 1o lli» 
WorlniituleT Aswrnlily, iiiid wijmi'il lli" |pri>- 
&C0 to the ' Confession,' aHiHinR iin ' Fjfiiiilt; 
to the Ufader'of his nwn {hi'. I'd. Kdinb. 
1827). On nt Utut nit TCi-winnK Miiiilon 
wfts cftllf'L !■"> pr-'ft^li hr'fftrc tbti I.onp piirlia- 
in>>nl,tli'> lirtt li«-inffSu Juii« liJ47, a fust diiy | 
[CvmmmH Jouruatf). Hi> itronply disai*- 
pN)v«d of tliL' king's execution, but r>>m»ined 
irfnvourwilUCrainwfll mul liia piirlianipnt, 
and ttjpiiii jireiK-liml before tlieni nn fhnnk*. 
ftviui.' iiud fast day* iintil 4 Feb. It^.'*. He 
alti'iKled OiiristuplHT I-ov* U\. v.] on tlie 
sciiHi.ld ( L'-J Aiij;. Iilfil), lUid uftifrwarJ.i, in 
spite of tLrcots of shoot inp from thoBoldiiTS, 

Ereichtd n funcnil wnuvn ((iriiili-d ll'Jil) in 
loW* churcli nf St. I-uwrL-iicoJt.-n'n', though 
' witliout. piilpil-t'lolli or ctioliiou.' Miinli>i> 
wiis incwTiiortiled IJ.D. on -H) April Hi-Vl nl 
Oafcrd, on iLu Krouiid that ' he is n pcr»cn 
uf knoivu worth, and a constaiit prvncbcr 
in Loiidtin,' In Itlfilf he wiia prcacnlcd l>y 
Wiliinm Knascll, unrl of IWford, lo tUi? 
rrictorv of St, Pnul'e, Covwtt (iiirjrn, n new 
church built anil undowcdliy Fnnii.'i.i.fuuclU 
eiirl (Ni;«TorRT. i. 707). AltUooffh Ui? was 
not Iwiitly wlinlt!i-d tinlil 10 Jan. lUtMl 
(, Ttei/Lnlfr), he alitaciod to tUo 
church, iindftr ihc ('omnionwettltli, crowds 
of till? noLilitv. bolh Scoltiah niid Knglii«h. 
ET«lyn wii* iherc (Dinrft, i, 3'-'") on '2ti Miiy 
1668, whmi MnntoTi liiid cnlh-i'liiin.t iiimli^ fur 
the scqnc."ilrnti.'d iniii inl.t-r^ Uti iiiuithiT oc- 
ciwion Bii\t.-r nnd Dr. Wilkinn, aflerwnrds 
bi»ho|i iif ("iie.->irr, ftjwi»l<'d hiin in a SL-rvicL- 
for tut' Pill! Ill oiUosu pro! est ants. He wns 
tiominHled by tbc commilteo of parlinmrnt, 
with Baxter and others, to dmw up the 
' FundflnieDltiU of Itdiglon ' ( Haxtek, Heli* 
qtdm, pi. ii. p. lit"), lip wiHt kIko np[n)iiilc(l 
one of till? 'lriiT«' nr inijurnilnrH "f jioilly 
ministor*. Wmid d'-riiivf'ly tftll.'t biiu the 
• pnnlnli; <if llif l*rotoelomie,' On lili Juno 
Ui,'i7 JInnloii was pn'si'iil in. Wt»*l mi osier 
IIal1,nii:l ' r-'coriimGndi'd his tli^hness. the 
FarliaiuBiit, tlio council. \hi forces by Und 
and sen, and the wholo go\'ern[nmit nod 
people fif 1 lip 1 hrce nnlioiis tn the blcjwinjt mid 
proteclino iif Oral ' ( WiirfiM.WKi:, \\ fi(l2). 

Mrintiin wnu iLntiiiiii for tint ItiMtorHtiim, 
iind Willi Hill' iif liiH di'pniiitioii lo BreiJii. 
wh'in'('liiirb?*ir prnmiw'd toniaki- subsprip- 
rion i-AMT fur lliu pr(-Kbytoriikna. In June or 
July I6I1O by was sworn one of the twplvo 
clia'pliiin* to the kinp, but never preaclitfl 
bsfor.' Idm, or received or expected nriy jmy 
(HaxtkrI, He «nt on Ihe pomminainn ((irtho 
n>mi<>n of the litnrffy, vfKirh mil in thofinit 
iiuttnctf ttt Calnmy s hou*n 'I April 1 iK(0, nnd 

diligently Bttended Ihi> Savoy aonfurpneo 
(ooiLvened ih Mmvh ItXSl). Heiic(MMit]NUUMl 
]{aKi<;r. Oaltimv, and otbera to aa sudleace 
of the king, i^^ito desitvd \\wm ' to set Aawm 
wbfttlhey would yield to,' The pt««bTt«nau 
met 111 Sion I Villffre fnr iwn or three w^ehs, 
nnd<-ndt>t1 nt l,iinUcb)mcidloF,Manclie*ner'V 
tirhon their dts-litrntion wocTMid bnloTO tha 
l(inK (22 Oct. ltt«)). 

Unl9Nov. maO.MuntAnwfl*«RatedD.D, 
at Oxford, and 'WQftoffti'rLvl the ddnerr of Ro- 
oheetwr.huT hed«liiii»d tosulwcrilip. Hr cno- 
liuiiedel 8t. P«ur«,Co\eut tJanlon.nol rv«d- 
iit|t th« liturgy nor hnvini; it rend, until a pe- 
tit ion wMprcsnnt fit by lii?ooiiBT>'f^ti<in»i tW 
irndof llJol. (>a24 .■Vuff. (Si. ltnrtholnmi>w"» 
day) l«tH W left bis livinR, but difclainu 
hnving pn^nclti^ suv fnn-wcll Kftavn tlies- 
ytrt, p. 779). IIv ntteudud lUuMirv)C«s u[ 
bin niLUCi^esor, Ur, I'atiiclc, uflvrwuda bi»hop 
yf lily, until Pntiict cbarco'] hiui wilhcircu- 
laliiiKa Ubtl aboni him iu the church {ilodl. 
.ViW. Cod. Tana, xMiii. {<•}. JW). SlwiloB 
then held frrqiicnt K^rvict^ in his own house 
in King Stri^, C«v«nt (>ard<~T), until tl)« 
niimbfTs grow too larp;, and the in(-eting?s 
wcri' nnjvcd .lucoi-imively to Whito Hart Yard, 
Brydgc»(now<'iilhiTiini) rtln'(*l,ajiil to Ijird 
Wbortiiii'B in Si. Hilen'A. Il ia 11 fiipy nf his 
inipulurity Ihatthi! Karl nf llerkshire, "a Jan- 
si^nisi; papist,' who lired nexi door, oflerml 
ejrrcM 'over a low wall' if trouble aros« 
(IIauiii^'), Amos^thosvwlioiTi^idnrlycfliDfi 
Wffc tho Oomitr-rwcB (if R.ilfnrtl and ^Inn- 
cUf-''[i.'r, Ijiily < 'lintcin. Sir Williiitn Ijorhirr, 
nnd I.iidy Hriyoiriiir { Hist. MSH. Cmnm. ind 
R«.-p, A\i\i. vi. ]i. I'll. In Si-|it«MulH-r UWS 
Manliin, ' beiiiif iiei:( the cniirt and of irreat 
name attionff the presby ten tins.' drew np, nt 
the 8Up{[eslioii of f^Lr John Ruber [q. \\ aa 
address I o tlie king acknowledpng tbe'cle- 
inency of his majesty's Koveniinrnt. Mantoa 
described his own and his coiapnninn'* rrc<i[» 
Lion lit Lord .ArlinptonV, thf nH-n-taiy of 
itlHto, in iili'ili-rto Ilatl^^^ {/^WiyKW, iii, 37). 
His mii)i-tiii({« wiiR- (Connived at uoli] about 
l(i70, whi'u Ik- wn!« arrested on a Sunday 
aOernoonJiiBt ns hown« tiiiiiibintibis sermon, 
ilewaseoinmilled to the Ontehnuse, but was 
treated lyiiientty, I..ndy timupbtmi twinp the 
keeper. Hatter 'J"'lfr>?* t'im wrll »l I'li*^' 
On beiti)^ relenni'il , i^ix innntlm after. Mnntiin 
liii|^ftti pri-nidiinff in n rnciin in Wliitit Halt 
Yard, and nnly Mcapi'd a **«nnd arm*! by a 
timnly wamirR, whieh I'ltabled Jamea Ited- 
fard, who had taken the Oxford oath, to 
occupvhis place. In 1S7:2 he was chosen one 
ofihe first si\ preachers forthenterehatvtsand 
citiwns of London at the wwkly lecture in 
I'innuni' Hall, whore be conlinuivl to preawh 
occosionnlly until his death. IVo y«ar« 




Uter. Hanttn. wiib Baxt<ir iui<l Uates, mrt 
Tilloison and Stillinj^ect,' lo consider vrui 
aecoramodatioa.' A dnJt n-as ugnHxl naoa 
and hud U'font Um biiiliope, who rojectud it. 
About lltiJi lit* hpnltli failed. \ v'tut to 
Lord Wbartoa'a eoiiBin- it<»t. nt Woburu did 
him little good. U« Mi into n liilliargy 
painful lA tliB many fnendavbo visited bim, 
and di^d IS Oct. 1677, in llif fiftT-aeveiitli 
jMT or Lis aco. lie v»9 buried in the 
cham**! nf St. Mary's, Stohd Newin^on, on 
£! (tct. Hi* fnn^ral M]rrmi>n xmtt pnuicbcd 
bj' William Batno (printml LnndDn, lt;VK). 
John CoUinf^ [q. t.*' preachod nt thrt mt'r- 
ehanLi'teclur«,andTh<iiiuaCai« r<i. t.], tluD 
alture i-iglitr. bIbo commcmoraTod bU <]<sath. 
' VVontt of I'c^aeu,' Manton'a di^iifivd niid 
spiritual utl«raBC«« on his dt<albb«d, Tc-a« 
pobltshed as a broodaide a mouth or two 

Manton vaa tha moot popular of the prrs- 
bTt«riaiu. nnd u«od hin inHucncv 'for ilio 
palilic IrnnijuilUly.' I)alcHm]rt>*huprudi-iit, 
pacilic eyitil rendeml him motl uwful in. 
(beae dir)d«d ttmiw.' Accutdiiii: (o Neal, hv 
ms ' B Kood old purilaa, who conctimed iii>t 
with ihc poUtica of tbs ooort,' ouly with it« 
nligion. llcBi«den»*iiaiuea. llispaitrail, 
ODgmvcd by Wbilr, is prvfixml to inoct of liU 
imka. HUplaocwiis,BtnvcBll,in th«pulpit. 
AxebbislioplJssIwT called faim 'a Tulumitivu.'i 
piBiclier,' and the aix Iblio voluuu^ pulilialicil 
after liia death contain 680 M'tiuaus. Lord 
BoUaehrDkff wriiinK tu Swift (ywin, Let- 
ierf, mL 1707, ii. 17^), rays: 'Mantan taught 
mj youth to yawn, and prepared me to M a 
liigbcharchiDaD.thDt I nii)Hitiicvrr facarhtm 
teitd or read him mor<.-.' IVr^id'.-n ilic public 
occaaioaa mentinned nlxivr, Munlon prmclicd 
■lie second sennoti to tho iytinvot tlio ('lericy, 
■ereral Cimm before the lunl niayor and aldo 
men at Si. PauV«.aiid took part in tliv mora- ' 
tngexerciaet at Crippletfate and el^where. . 

jfanton married Mary Mor^n of Sidbuiy, | 
Dcronshirr, whosurvivcd him iwcntyyi-ant, 
Tb<n' had aeveral children. A dniiehti-r 
Ann mnrriod a Mr, Tmy.and dii-d IIJ \farcU 
IdSd. SoDM commrmoratire Tnrwnt by htiT 
Depbew, Henry Cui.Lx, aru to bti found in j 
'Advice to Mntiment, inc., a Senuon long I 
■iooe preached l>y J. Manton,' piiblislied by 
3fatthewSitTejil», iri!l4.nilh a ihort account 
of tbr two wiresof M r. Tern-. A snn 'niomiui 
WUhapli«cdat8tukL>NewiTigToii7l)ct. ]M!>, 
MidasonJamMwaitburiiKllbcn' tr<JuH<' ItL'itt. 
Another wn, Xathanial, b(irn 4 Murcli itHt', 
wtaa booksBllerat ihit Three PifpKnu intlie 
Pooltiy (acunote at end of Prfifaeo to vol. iv. 
of the foliocditjonof ItiafleinnonK). Another ' 
dau^ktpr, Marr, wad Ijom 9 Dec. 166^. 

Vr. MaatDu's estmnely valuable library ' 

was »old at bis house In Kinff t^ireot. Covvnt 
Qarden, '25 .March follnwiD^ liii Ueatlj. Thu 
catalogue wiH the foiirUi prinltid. A etiw, 
with, tb« priciut in niunuscript, is in ^0 
BriltKfa MuMtom Libmry. 

.Manton pulilinhwl ; l". 'Miailo on! of the 
Eater, &c,. London, 1047. 2. ' England's 
.Spirituall Longuiahing, &&,' London, ItUK. 
Uuth fa^ umawa preaebed before the eom- 
mont). S. ' A I'racticol Commeutary, or an 
t>|i(i&ilion, with Ni>l««, upon the Kpialle of 
Jamne,* l..ondon, IttAI ; nvprintM \iiM, U>Sr, 
l^40, tSlL', and lHi4. 4. 'Thfl ltleia«..d lis- 
tale of thcftn that Din in thn ]»Td,' l^ndon, 
Ufcki. 6. • ,\ l*racticiil Comnn?niary on the 
Kpielle of Jude,' IW>8. tmng weiklv b-ct urea 
ibiliverecl »l iSloko Neiviiiatoii. ti. 'Smcc- 
tymnniis IdKlivivu^,' with A prelaw of hU 
own, b-nnjr a reprint of the lt'4l t-dLtioii (*» 
CxijiUT), ll!t>^, !!«< nlM> wmlo a miiuberor 
pfvf/iccji Of roeommi-ndntorr cpislli.-* to the 
works of Ciih;, Clittn-rnd, ClilFord, lioUing- 
wortli, tlray, Strong, !^ibbc», and others. 

Iiuuiediuttdy aftvr Jdautou'ti death Batui 
publi«boda volume of his sermouB, with uor- 
troil, l(>TtJ,4ta. A second wm puUiFliud b^ 
l^axtvr, iy"U, fvo. 'A IVacticai Exposi- 
tion ot' the Lord's Prayer ' appL-ar^d iu 19^, 
aai ' SoTcrul Discourses tending to IVamote 
I'eacv aiid Iloltnem among Cbristions,' 166Si 
' t'lirii-i'n TrinptntJuR and TronsRarunuion 
i'ritcti tally K^pluincd tind Improveo,' 1686] 
' A Pr»ciii;&t tA|;oMitioi) oa Inatab liii.,' 170S, 
Vol, i. of the folio cuuiplvttt editiou nf hb 
sunnon», with memoir by William Karris, 
I>.1X [f|. v.], and LOU aermnns on l'»alm cxix., 
nppcnrt-d in Irtf-I; Snd,17i5; 
u Inter iHlit.ion, iti .1 voU. t*\i\ Int:;, Vol. ii. 

[it. L., drdicnlnl to Williiitti, wirl <if Bedford, 
ly IliLivB, CoUiijii, uiid How«, llbU: pt. ii., 
dt>iUcttl(<il to liord and I^ady VVharlon, by 
Bates and Howe, 16*4, Vol jii. pt. I., coa- 
taininff s treatise nu the Lord's Supper, 16SA. 
Vol. ir. ICi^d. They arc supplied with a 
curioiiii bill most complete indtur, 'The 
Mnrniiip Eirrnwui nt Uripplfirale. St. Giles, 
and SinitliwBrlt.' t^liled by NichoU, Ii vols. 
1 F?44, CDiitaiiui four of MiuitoiiV iti^nnonii. 

[AuLhorilicqmc&tioiirdu1<oTc : G.krdint^'f It«> 
Rinicrt of Wndhiini, p. 120; Wwl'i Atiiuna 

()si>n.4>), ItliMi. ill. 1134-0^ Culitni/nnd Pall)i«r, 

i. 175,136; UHrrik's Mfinoir. 17'/5; Fii«li»rd'a 
Hi*t. p. MB : Mitch«U'itWp*»miii»t«'.i»MinWy, 
pp. IX. 12t. 4GQ; Nod'a [>tinijiii. i*. 4(Am. ; 
nDljiiHon's IMm. anil Anii<|miiiH( of Stoke New-. 
inpon. pp. Hl)-3; Lx*oiift'a Enviruna of Lod- 
duii. pp. SOt-3: Bumal's Hbt. of h!s owb 
Time, i. SAD, SOS; ClarDodoa'a Jl<-l>ollioii. sri. 
2t3, cd. 1)140; narMlcn'* I.At*r I\iritnn*, 1st 
Mlit. p. 4IA : Bnxt*?'* Bic^mphicnl CollsetioBa^ 
L7Sa, pp. lvg-2'iS; Ksaaetts BtA. of EaglaM^ 

til. 281 ; Wilton's Hint. i>f Dindntini; Churclius, 
ill. MVfl^t; UuriiaRH Hncycl^)). UiblioKmph. 
1804 ; AduIuiktnitLuii iit >Suiuur>ct Uuiuo ; ilo- 
oaten of Lyilu&n) Si. I^inTPtm p^r Rl-v. P. L. 
UiiRhw, of Stoke XvinDetDD per Rev. L. E. 
Sh^fonl. an'l uf Coiant (jBrdon pnr Ror. S. T. 
ComberleK*] C. F. S. 

KOOEIt (liW-lG,',;ti. bislicip of Si. Dnvi.U. 
bom at Stn.'lloa in Shmii-iliire in IfiHO, wiui 
»clii>;nl(il nt. I,h.e King'* .ScIkhi!, \V(«T(«tt>r, 
nml i-nlt'iwJ ii» a bilili'-rliirk nt All Souls' 
t'i»!li^e. Oxfonl, in llW2. H>mu si iin.'il, some- 
wliut duublfully, to Ih> UowcihIi-iI ilirougb 
youngiT »»as fruiii .lolui Matiwiiriup or Main- 
wuriog (d. 1410), oherilF of Cho&hiri' under 
Ht'un,- IV (see hi'UKE, KrttKet linrrmctrm, 
p. 3-f4t. lit- gradiialwl 11. A. in IW)S. MA. 
on & .liily 1(11], tim!acciimn1iirnil itiu tl>?^ru<?u 
nf B.I), imd D.ll. on 1* .Inly IHL'.'i, Hu wiia 
itollntflfl ta till! ri'i'tiiry nf St. fiilrA-iii-tlie- 
Fields, Lomion, on .'1 Ju^(^ MiltJ, ond ubout 
162H wof ajijioinlti} i?ltapliiin in orlinary to 
Charles t. In tiiiti capacity Ue preached before 
the king on 4 July 1B'J7 a.t Uailands on ' He- 
liuion,' and on the 31Hli ftvllrjwing at AliliT- 
ton on ' Allcginnop.' In tlio first a.-roaon ho 
iwsovn»irI that the kinff's rnyal pnmmnnd im- 
|iosing tii\i;)i iind Ii'<a»!^ without consL'iit of 
luiilinmvnt c!jd ' ii<i fur bind thi; oamcioiice of 
the wibjictrtt.!' tlii* kiiijidoii) that tliey could 
not rtlute iUl- i)aymi.'nt without peril of 
ilamiialiiin,'' iin illii-it ration of tlnjir probable 
fnt* bei"|i[ mip|iliti3 by the cn«e ot lirtrnh, 
Ddthnn, nn>l .Miiriim ; in llic- second liermon 
lie njuiiH(»in'.'(i tluil Ibo aulliority of jiarlin- 
niciit wiL* nyt nt(x-s(ivry f-^r tbt raising ■jfaiiln 
tiud iuboiilii-j. Till.' sfrmiHM were Jprinlui:! 
ill Autjust 1(3:27, by t. H. fw H. BadgiT, 
i.oudun, llo, 0£t>-u»ihly 'by ciimiUHiid ■>£ 
Ilia ma.jcMy,' tlioii^li the Ikeiise uiiil <>rd<_-r for 
printiutr *'en.- subae^UHiitly BMiKned to llie 
maleliceiit inlluence of Land. They were 
roprinttdiiil'UfTarid 17(W>(cf.Fwii.'Ti;it,/.'i'j''*', 
i.3H7n.: h»s-<ii\>}^. liWl. Min.WVi)). Intliu 
(')llciwiiig: Jliiy lie n-pcutod tin; MihMnnci- oi' 
tlitsSD neniidii^ in liiii jinrinh chon^Ii, ]*]ii'Ii|>s, 
ill the IIiiiiHi- 111' Ciimrniiiin, had alreiidy Jii 
menuirnhlLi lancuu^r umii-aiL-il aKiinst the 
aheoliitist temli'iicy fif SlatiwaririK'a flcnuorift 
(OiKuiNKii, vi. 'iAT). Ib>iist nod otbL-rraaro 
prominent tni'inbrrH tiinli thr tniittcr up, and 
on 9 June lUis I'jm nirrird tip t" il»' lords 
tile rliarp*^ which had Iiim-ii i^rndiiiilly col- 
Ii.<ti.'il aifiitnsl l.hi-pri-rtchiT. Hi: wii»fhnr(p^d 
with trviiijT '1(1 inlW- inT(» ihi; (;i«isfii>tic« of 
Ilia maji-!-ly ihe peraiiusion of ti power not 
bounding iliflf with law,' witli seeliing' "to 
blowup parliamenKiry power*, not much un- 
like Faiix and his folloiver«,'or. in tlii< wiirdv 
of P^iQ, vitb ' end L'AVDU ring to tWtroy tht' 

kin^ uid kingdom by liIs divinity.' Uan- 
wnnn^'ti comd cm nation followed, and be was 
»rnt«nCHl yn be inipni>oniMl during llie plfa- 
tuntof tin; liotiKi-, ti [mvafiiut of l,00(W.,anil 
C<i bo Huapnndwl fi)r t]ir*>M y<>an. Hi? vraa 
alao di(iabli>d from holdiu^c any «ccie«a*tical 
dignity or secular office. On 33 Juue Uan- 
warini;, with teara in bis pyefl, humbly r»- 
ueuted Slid acknowleiigied hit errors and 
mdiBrretion* Bt tho bar of the upper hniit«, 
aft«r which bw wit!" rumoiijit lo the t'iii^, 
wbt>n' 1m nimiiiui'd until tlm diM^otiiti'iii. A 
few dityjt ufliT thi; Sitiitiiicbt the kinir, nt thfi 
mjiii'^l nf pnrliiiiui'nt, iMucHl a proclamaiiim 
for thu *upiin'.iaiou of ManwaKn^'a book, \a 
which, atuicMiali " the ffrounds were riffbtly 
laid, yi't in divurs ims^mpw. inferenciw. and 
applications trenching upon tli« law of tlio 
land ... hi" [Manwnriiij^' hntb an far errwi 
t bat ho bn> h dmwi-n n|wu him«'tf<i I h>> tnoci 
just ncnsiirt' and scnli'-uoe of high ciiurt 
Kuuni, alao printL-d in Rvugb, Fadera, xtiB. 
I025>. Chnrle^iasikiii tohnro rvmarked vritli 
ri'fl^rd to the sentence ; ' Ik' that will preach 
mors than he eau priv*, let him Huffsr fir it; 
t j{ive him nn tbankn for ^fi^'"/? •"" '".V "lu©.* 
1 In novcrth-cloBAdirectf^l Iloftthjt.hfi ftttomoT- 
psnernl, to pn^pnni Mimwarinff'a pardon m 
■•arlyoill July, and ill the CaurMOt the same 
month he proaentcd Manwaring totho linng 
of Slnjifom liivtTfi, Ksm-K, with a dispt^aa- 
tioii to bold it IOKeth•^^ with St. Uili^'n-in- 
th?-l''ield8, lie h«ld the former livio^ down 
to 1(141, aud in the tncnnl iniit was collated 
rector of Mkioklcston, (ilati'ordtliirs, in IdSO, 
aud of SIiiEginlon, HnTbyehirc, in ItfSl. Ore 
Hi (,>cl . 1 t!3.'t br; wiM api^ointcd dean of Wor- 
oi>ftLT (Lb Nev£, fiigti, iil. 71'), and in Ui»> 
ot-mhuT lUSii hi- was coiifwiiBtad bv Laud lo 
Ibh bifllitiiiriR uf St. Davids, a proctwdlnjr 
which aubee<|iiL'iiiN found a place amouK th« 
nnni^rout^ rliar^.'os nrou^ht ajfainst the arch- 
bishop. Mo srmniir did ihoShort parllamcDt 
miwt mJliirch ItilOthan th^rlord* prooccdrd 
ti> iiiii-»ti<in Manwnrine'i« aiip'>ininifn(. On 
i? Ai)riltlirI(ini;ctni!dwiihdifllinillji)ri:TKnt 
l.bnin fniiii iia-winjr n frfNli ri'nmjrr n|Min him, 
nnd ou ihn fullowtng day ln' wh* dfjiriTed nf 
his votfl inlhtupiior hiiiiBa(N\t.ios, ii. ;1361. 
TreflU charges wiTt'pn.'fi.TTfd ugninM hlracoti- 
cerninR his condiicl< while dean nf Worcosler, 
He was nmiBird of piiin^h innovatinna in 
directing that thr kingB Hcholnra, forty in 
numlHT. ' iiKiiiiIly cominic tmnnltmiiiily into 
flu- L-lioir.'Hhoiild comi' in 'bininiim,' and of 
exliihitinif fl i*ijciahility and jovialiiy ill he- 
flitirift his ollice. ]ty the l,nnff parliament 
hewaa in conswiiifncc impri»0]ii'd,lo9in|;alt 
hi« preferment*, and relapsiiijf into iwverty 
andobBciirity.wbon lilt wan grant ly befriends 





bj Sip Henry lUrbcrt [<|, v,' ' l-Vfr I.hi- !ii>( 
two jaus of 111* life,' Mvt Lloyd, 'nut a 
vock pwst^l over hi* liroil vrithout ■> mi;«- 
Mgi' or Bti injury, wbick h« desired (iud iiol 
to rvmembcr u^in^t bU adi-vn>--irii!!, luiJ 
ihIJiiimI nil liis friends to furitct.' 1I« dieij 
Kt Carmmtlieu "ii I July 1*j53, ■ iifiiT Ul' Liod 
CBduTMl uoiiv tiiis-irie*.' "tid was Lturk-O by 
the titftr ia llic (x<l!ct£i«l'! diurch at Brvck- 
SMki where n Iniifi Latin inKtiplion oam- 
mmaorates bi* virtut-^. 

Wood van of bim ilutt lie bnd sume 
cnriodttj in leaniiii^, but gniit>rTz*-ii\ fur llie 
churcb »r Kn^laail. * Ii is onitl,' he a<ld«, 
' that hu wu much nsolveil on lUre^ tbin)^ : 
1. The ndemptioa of c&nlivcfl, 'J. Thucou- 
TenMm of roouuitaL 3. II10 iinck'tririne 
of seduced Mctarifs, . . . Mr. pVilUnm] 
Ftilmnn [o. v.), wlio ronrritfl tlnj bi->him*« 
gT«iidilai)giit«r, iiMxl to n-iiort n rriRurkitblt' 
Morf cnnoenun); a IovJiik ii^iC vrliidi lir- kept 
mtmbI yeats b^fare lie ilk-d, lliat afier liis 
maater was dead soujtht for bim in alt ilie 
viUu that b« used to freq,ueDt, at letijuh 
tiriiifg th« cburch door open, wont to lil« 
ffian.Dot corpred.nnd tbera fas muain'd till 
he lanpiuhMt to duth.' 

Manwviu^a namu \t uxutlly thus x\)f:h 
bjr hbconlMBponu-iiM, tboujili on tbu titlo- 
pafaofhia printed aermoiu it is Riven Mavn- 
majrriitf. He was prabably connoted, ^ui 
iCBtMogt with tlt« MBTDWArings or Main- 
irariiLg* of OverPeoter and IghKieliJ, wlio»i? 
name, aocordini; 10 Lower, *)>>iumi.-« \S\ dif- 
feroot forms (Patnmym. firil.) 

(WooJ'a Alhcnt* <>xoti. cA. Itliu. m SH : 
Foatar's Alumni Oion. I.^i)(I-I7M: IjiitEilimnc 
MS. 9%i.t. 101 (Wii'H Kenneii". ciiHuci Jmiii); 
Hurl. US. »S0. t 326: l-'rnriuiiiiaiid Juuen'tSt. 
I>aTkbi. 11. U2; Maitl'^'n Hi*), imd .\ntiq. at 
fit. faridi. p. I6O : Tfaoophlhis Ja&oV Ilinu of 
BraokoDcbliitt) ; LTovd'o Slani'iinw, IS?', pp- 
S7S-fl 1 Wattw'e Soffrnnipf of ih« Clervy, pt. 
IL p. ]S; U»clc«t'> Life of WilliHiK*. KU, p. 
174 ; Chunbon*! Itiiig. Illaitr. cf Wurcriter* 
^ra^ p. 1D4 : Prrnnii'* Cnn1*rlioni''<( l>i>nni», p. 
3Ji3: SiiudiTk^'DV' ]liM> of CbsrlB* I. 10^9. i>. 
llfi; Nfrwroart'B Ilcpertoriiini. i. 013, il. o47 ; 
Hiata I'apera. born. IA28. pnuim : fiiate Trialn. 
■ii. UJMM: Rankc'a (]>>(. '-f KieUod. !. 580; 
OarluMf'a Ui«t. of Eii^Lan>l. 16U3-l<i. tula, ri, 
Tii, ami ix. ; Wt\ Hi-t. ii. 377 ; Thp Procwdinp 
of the Jyirda and Coimnonn in tha jtAp ]tf38 

Jinat R«g*r Blaatrnriiiff. 1>.D.. tii> anehn-ercll 
bk day. for two fti^iiioiu. Hi^ivfljing ^r- 
aooa, Loadaa. IT09.] T. S. 

HAHWOOD, JOHN frf. 1610), l«^I 
■ntbnr, a ndativo of Sir ICot^r Manwnod 
fq.Y.j.WBB a barrirter of Lincoln's Inn, patm*- 
Mffperof Walibam Fotf«t, and jiutim of tin- 
Niyw Far>«t. 11>> died in KSIO. Manivond 
marrifd Mary Crajiord, of a Kttntiidi faniily, 

by wlinm bi- bwd itnuf- llisofclaU" of I*rM>ra, 
port of ibc duaolvfJ priorv ot Utaclimurt', in 
tiiL- pnmti of Bi^ Rill I'll 1. VLf^fX, rctnaiucd io 
his |>ort*rity till tbr liuit century, wbc-n the 
intile liiiu bcL'Hino vsttnct. 

Jtanw<>yd cuwjnl'.-Jaridpnnttd in lC>02(at 
tirst for privatii circulnl ioti)u conipt-ndiiiin of 
for«6t bw ontitled * A iirefe C'olk'ci ion of the 
Lowes of the I-'orcst ; collected and KatUetvd 
toi^^lliirr aa well out of (bo Stntutes and 
Commvn Ijiwnt of ibU Hculmp w also out 
of Hundrio niiiidcnt l*rwiidcnt» and Itr- 
conb, Miiifvi'iiiiiir MtiiitTs of lint Korwl, 
Wilb ail .\ brid(;in<''it of nil \hc priiinpnil 
0a«C8, J II lig men Its U'ld Kiiin.-A, runtninMl in 
tho AsAisc's of llie l''on«ti*sof l'i<tkertii;; and 
of LnantstL-r,'4ti>. lliofln;! publi^bed edition 
of tbis cKcuIk'nt work, much onlnrgi^d and 
iraiinivril, iipninivii in 15i'.-i, London, 4to: 
2iid fdil. Uh'.Rl, -Ito, A WW and inlarfn^d 
i^iliridii \\t\n pnbli.-'hed in l(ll5 with ibc title: 
' .\ Trent i»i- of tbt- I^ivrt'* of thi" Fori-M : 
wborein is ileclari^'J not ordylbnm; 
tbcv arc now in l*orce,bul alwthe Uriffinall 
and Rcgiiiniiiir of Forests: And what a 
Forwl iM ill lii* owtip proper Nature, and 
wbon-in tin? wime dotb iliflVr from a Chow, 
a Pnrki', nr 11 AVarrt'n, with nil enrli Tilings 
a* are iwidi-iit or I «■! unking tlwrcimlo, willi 
their sevurall proper 'JWniii« of Art. Aluo 
n Treatise of the rourallui', duclariiig wbni. 
I'ourallee in, bow the same first began, vbat 
n I'oiirallea man may do, bow be may bunt 
and itsabisowii«Poiinillee,bow farreJiemay 
piinutt and follnw aftt-r bis Chiue, together 
u'itli iho LiuiilM iind Ftounrtn, n« wi?)l of tho 
FoTe«taBlli« ]'otirn11ii». Colbwti'd lu widl 
out of the t'omni-iii Lawi-* mud Stututiw of 
this Land, as nlw out of Hundriu l^^ariiiHl 
Auncii'nt Aiubani, and out of tlie^Vjsi^eii of 
I'icUi'ring mid Lancaster,' Lnndon, 4(n ; re- 
priat4>d, Ixindon, |l(iJ5,4lo: 4tbedit. i^odon, 
l"l", Hvo; fithi'dit. I^ndon, 1741, Hro, both 
r«via»l by AViUmm Nidi;im of iba Middbt 
Templo. An abridpmi'nt by N. ('ox \» datvd 
IBtKi. Manwood ianU-i ihe iinthor of nbriof 
' tViject for Impntvinfr lli« l^nd ItftTfltiiio 
by inoloaitifT WurIs,' gnbmir.Ted to Sir Julius 
dipwir, y" April lt<CK', first printed in Jobn 
St. Jobn'n 't)b«i>rvBtioii:i on the Ijind Ite- 
xi«nii« of tbo Crown,' App. Nti. 1, Loudon, 
1787, 4to. 

[Ui»d. MS. 00, K I9~3JI; Addli. M^. 3eo47. 
ff. 181 -t; liomnlV P«"M, ii. 77 ; Wright". BwM. 
i-J87; Boya'B SAinlwi<h, pp. 197.481 ;aBl.St«l« 
pAf«n. Com., p(>. 41ti,ii*A: UD|i(da]a'a 
Oritf. p. tW; Brid|[iniiii'u t.ppil Bibliography; 
Nielioli.'nLit.Am*wl,Ttii. ■-'»«,) J. SI. II. 

tirjunrv, was iddeot una of Sir Ito^r Man- 
wood [ij. v.] In 1CS3 he became a atudcnt 




of ttie Inner Temple (Uookh, AdmUnous, 
lS4"-lGaO, p. 100). On LIJ Dec. IQCI be 
IumI aAsi^n^il to liim, hu wiic Frnoce^, and 
Ilia son lioKft, tbe 1l-u>« of Lirlcr>iirt> Mt<n- 
<Iow», Eneirj, K<_-nt, fcir tlivir llin-i- liven ( Ciil. 
Statr Pnfvrt, niim, 1*1(11—1, ji. Ii2>, iinil in 
1&9£, lothl, mill U'i£*7 liiul u(.tu-r bidiiU irra>il« 
arbitig nut uf hmds in Ktiit i iJ. IfiflS-JfiOl. 
rp. 62r, 52S, fiSi). He win M.P. fi^r Snnd- 
wich in 15f*?-9, IfiltS-S, IW7. nnd 1601 : 
for Saitash. Oomwall, in )Jivrc)i l(lO;t -l; (or 
Kent in lUH; and fnr New Il'irtitit-y in 
January lii:;y-l. On \'2 Mix. loHS W luid 
licenM ^luiU-il liiin to tmri-l 1»ry£>iid ieoi 
'for bit incrfiiHD in (rorid kiiowleilir^ and 
iBarmng" ('6- 1098-1001, |>. 132t. H« nas 
appoinlfld ilicrilTof Kl'iii in 10O:i (i"A. IIJUI- 
1603. p. 21381, ojid Bt the coronal ian of 
JiUDiiS I. on 2A ,Uv\y 1003. vais uiRtlo kniglit 
cf til* BalL l.MLTi'iLt-K, livok nf KniffhtJ, 
J. IijOJ. ll(t wn« alw) ft ciiiniiiJNUijnnr of 
SuwaK I'iir Ki-nl [/hi. Ktalr I'ejirri, IJdui. 
lOlU-iS, ji. L'^l). Mniiw'oud wiw nil only 
toarntfii InuuiJlf, biitHiialioii uf k-amwl men, 
whom lie Uliud to pitnw round liim at hU 
Hoat at. Si. Stt'ptieii'e,i)tl«?nviwi llackin^oti, 
near OaiKortiury. He is mi>ntii>npd with 
great ry*[it*i't I ly ( Jn mtk'n ( Hrilamiia, ihI . I (107 . 
p. 2K!)),ftnd wixa a rumilwir of the Siiuiuty of 
AnCi'iuiin>>ji in Il)l7, wliaii upplicutiau wa§ 
inndi' fur a pljiirii>r (Are/n^ologiii, i. lau). 
HU luviitU 3.lvlt! of liviu|; involvt^d him in 
diflicuUieii, mid he Imd Cu quit the country 
in Aupust IHJI. lirolc«in in huftlth hd ven- 
tured hiicU fl« far ns hov*r in April l»i;;4, 
hoping In |it>ntutLd» hie trt'ditoru la ncoLTit 
floino nmmjjivnw-iit whcridiy he inij^lit be 
aufforiHl to L-nd bin dav-"' in hi" *'^'" cauutry. 
Hi» UMoiift friend. Lord Zouch, wro.te to 
Secretary Cnnway bt'ftjrinp Iiira lo iiso his 
indueiico the kiiij; for Manwood'* pro- 
tection {Col. Staff I'anpr*. JJom. 1U23-5, 

J!lIAn^vo(>d di^l In lti2r>, undwai buriod in 
St. Stfrphcu's ChurftU. K'uving a largo fntnily 
iy hU wife Krancfe (157S-1C38), duuRlitcr 
Ol Sir (.JeorfC* llutt of I.tdlinKstoiti?, Kfiil. 
(Bbrbt, Vvunln Gvntaloy'm,* Kent,' p. srili ), 
J«ha Jliiliwi>ja ('/, KJoW), his ij>.>ci>nd aon mid 
ultLmatv duccuatof to tln' r;*tnloA, nds onii uf 
the gantlemtni of tho kind's privy chiuubcr, 
umI -wm Itoigbtod pn 3 Aprtl 1*>1B (.Mrr- 
CtkLtS, p. 1731. In 1639 be was liuulcnaait- 
gCTornor of Dovur Castlv, and m April llMO 
irMfltwttd M.r. fiirSaudwieb. Aliout IC:}? 
besoldlLu usUIv uf tit. Slepht-'n'atiJ rotontl 
Sir Thomas Colcpuper, and, liaTins married 
a Dutch lady ae liis second wilt, resided 
thenceforth a^noddoaliallonnnddlAKTUV, 
£utf,fDl. od.. 111. &9Q). Another Aon, Thuiiioa 
Manwoail.iituilvnt ofchelnntrToinplultilO. 


nnd B.A. Lincoln CoUei^e, Oxford. 1611, 
waa drowntid in France tn \ii\'4 (Footer, 
AlttmniOxoH. l500-lT14.iii.8itP). Uispre- 
uiivttin^ death wiw gTBCvfnllv commcmornUid 
by William Ilmwnr of TaTi-ttock in (he 
fourl ]i i!t!iif;iiu of ' This Klic-jdnrnl'.i Pip© ' 
(li]14). A dau);bri?r,KliMhi!th, married Sir 

Part of tin- niannsi-npc of Sir Roger ^ 
Williams't ' Th« Actions of the LowoCoun* 
tri(9* harintf falk'U into Mnnwood'a faanila, 
111- gave it lo 8ir John Haywan;! for i»t}- 
j>i«n. and iiiihlishcd it in lltlt*, 4lo, pro- 
fiiUDg ml i-jiiHllif di-dicauiry ti> Sir Francis 
liat-on. II« hogiiid that tho publication 
mi|,'ht prove 'a mtauu of drawing tlia re*i- 
due into light,' 

Tn-o of -Mana-ood's letters to Lord Zoucb, 
dated WHO, ar» in Egerlon MS. 2M+, ff. IB, 
Vl'i). A rvgiU'T of diiciiini/nlK rvlatii^ Co 
hia twtatF'*, dattid I'tol-IOID, i* Additional 
M.S. i9;r.9. 

[Boyfl's Smiilwicii, 1792. p. 213: Nwwa and 
Queries. 3rd ■«■, ir. iT7 ; Loajd, JilS. H)», art 
370 t^- G. 

MAMWOOD,.SittKlX!KR 1, 1525-1502), 
judg«>, swonil son of Thomas Mutiwood, a 
mi bM 11 tit ill I ijriipxr of Sniidwieh, Kont, bjr 
CathiTim^, daughtiT of John (Jalliiway of 
Cluy, I]umlr«diif SimtU (Mim how. Norfolk, 
was born at Sandwich in I-*2o. EditcatMl 
at. St. retor'a achnot, Sandwich, he was ad- 
niittod in l'>t8to tbe Inner Temple, wheM 
h<^ was called to the bar in I5>55. The uuae 
y.?iir lid wiw apjmint'.'d rwordt.T of .Sandwich, 
and onti-rcd pnrlinmvnt i\» nioinhnr frir llatit- 
ing». In I5n7-H hn cxehnngpd llattingsfor 
Siindwicli, whvi.*h ho continui-d to ri'piysnnt 
until 1672. He rftiigned tlie record«nthip 
of Simdwioh ia 1GB8, but acted »a couawl 
for the town until Lis death. Mauwoud waA 
also, for some yearo prior to hi* elevinion lo 
the bpiich of the conimoTi ploiu, 8lewafd, 
i.e. jiid);i^, of thu chancery and athuiralty 
court* of Dover. 

At thf lnn<T Tv-mplc rfvels of Chrintmiu 
ICCl Mmiwood played tho part of lord cliiuf 
baron in ill': iuubi|uv of ' Paluphilos' ^cf. Hit- 
T0N.SiR).'UBi»Wl'Hi;K,l'>10-loUll. lleoarly 
attracted the favourubk- uoticjof thequeoo, 
who in lt>03 granted him the royal nianoT 
of Si. Stephen's, or 1 IncUington, Kiiil, which 
he madu hie priiieipn! M^at, rebuilding iha 
luiiiric in mniniificfnt civlr. Hit wiw nuder 
allhi-lnncr Tninplit in I.cnt iri(tR) IiisKsd- 
iiitr on tbu fttuliitt! l'I Hcu. VIII, r. S, is 
extant iii Harlrian MS. Ai'tSfl (aeo alao 
TitoiiEsur. ihteat. Ijt-mI. Cut. <(f MSS. in 
4to, No, 119), Ho was a fri«nd of Sir 
Thonuts Qreahatn and Archbiabop Pftrkar^ 





md nnvanl of ilii> lil)i>ni«« in (lie Ikilcr, in 
eoiii'iTt n-itli wluiin lin foiitidi'd at ^ndwich 

• gnunnutr cchool. It toolc tbo plucfi of St. 
Pmtir't tcliool, wlii«h hnil Wn luppTuadMl in 
itwuHttaehf^. TLt telMol wail bu ill onasite 
■MrCftnti^rinn-y (iiile, iikI cndi>t<.-t>cl piirtir 
0411 rtf ,\lnnin>^'» own fiin<U tnfl tiiotifr 
bcQik-ftlliisI him fViF ihi) ptirT>n«o, pftrtlr br 
|mblic >ub«rrtption li^\To«n l^tUt mid ltif^:'t, 
utd Ions continttod to M-n<l ««holart to tin.' 
Hnirci>iti<ii, hilt hor bn-n in aWj^ancir sinov 
the Diiddltt of (be prctieiit oi-nluiy. Mun- 
wood WW called l<» the dtigroe; it 9«jeaiit-at- 
Uw on as April 1507. lu pArliuim-rit In- 
«iipport«l thtfTmasoD Bill of loTl, wa» n 
■Mmber of tbs iouit conuuiltw of loc^s nod 
ccnnoiw to wliich the aw of tlii^ <iu(«ii 
of 8coto irB« TcTcmd in Mny 1^7^, ond 
ovncnmxl in ndviwnjr her (.•xwiiiion. t)u 
14 Oct. be wna rcwnrdi'd withn jiui.«ncjad;[c- 
thif of tliv CDinni'.iu jilraf. Iln wtts unc of 
tbaorif^JBal ^vernurti uf <Jiitn^>Ti Hlitabt-lli'i 
erunntsr acbnol, fomidi^d at l..ewii>liara in 
Ifi7-I, iwd in Ii17-'t riblained an hct of par- 
liament jiroviiliDg for tliL- pcrpclua] nmiiitp' 
BUiceoi Itoch<r#tcr triilp;. vliicli, towpTcr. 
did nol prcTrnt it* dt-molitinti in llNJtt, lo 
malie wny for llic pn-fcnt imti 'I dk'I iire. 
MitikiTOod ihan jiiimil nltli tbu ItiiJiiln of 
LADdun silt) liiicbMtiT ill & comiiii»niuti of 
11 May I'i'S for iW t-x.iniination of for^i^u 
UilOii):ninla sUBpeciul of nnabapliFiii. The 
ixquiriiion iTSiilled in the conviction of 
two Flc-mingi', John Peter* kr'] Ilt-niyTwi- 
wwrt, ythn •KIT' htititvd iil Wivt i>niithfi<^ld. 
On Ha April 1>"I> Mnuwoiid wn* pliifnl on 
Uii? bi)tli couiniiiMimi. Aa u jtiil|;i* Iii- wmi 
by ait tueanH dis]>o>Hd to miiiimiiw liin juris- 
diction, adt tM-d that Uu! TrvaMii) Act did uot 
■npetv^de, )piit uiert^W r«inforc<.'d the common 
law, and that a lewd felloir. wliom Di>ither 
Ifap jiillorj- nor the loM of hi* ean could 
cum of opMking eril of iIih (iiii^n, mi^ht \» 
pnniahMl «ith*irwitb tiiipritiiiiniriiE for lifp 

* with all oxtn'iDirr of iron*, and »lli«-r tlrnit 
feeding and kHr^iiiiir.* or by burnintr in iliu 
&Ge<]rriOiign«,ar public eADo&uro, ' with jans 
pigged in Jpainf til manner, or^xiiision of llie 
tODfpt?. iTenlfohi'ld tliaC nan- a lien dance 
St church vrtm ptiniHiiiblc by line, nnd fa- 
TOurrd a rifronus treattnvnt of purilnns. 
Xp\'nrtl]i-li«>i, h»eoMns to havv bivn piipnliir 
a*t eirmit,8oiilliainf4onc«t)frrriiigupi>n hiiu 
ilA frp»lflm 00 28 March l.">77. By tli-- in- 
flueneo of WaJsinfrbam anil I lutlon, Man- 
wood was ci«*te<l lord chief boron of the ' 
ncbc<|u^r on 17 Nov. 1578, harinf; l>«w 1 
Imichtcd ai Kichmond two day- It^fore. lie 
took bi« *rat in ihn following llilnrr torm | 
{Add. JdS. ISim, t 67 &). Aa lorJ chief j 

baniu Slsnwood wu n mamher of ibe totlTt 
of Slar-chnnber which on 15 Not. ISfl 
db^smI sMttenefiorfinearid imprifonment upon 
Williani, lord Vans nf llanv^wdcn /|-v.J, 
and other iiut|H>ctMl luLrlKiurcm of the jc»uit 
KdiDHnd Campion [i]. v.]for r<!fu*inff to be 
f XHinin^d abour ili« matter. Hu jui^n«iit, 
in which ht^ liniils tW legal mnxim, 'Nemo 
ti-nrtiip *<iiphum proileiv," to i:a.-«H iiivi>ii-lng 
lifi^or hmb, i«prin.Uil in ' Atcb:v'>l'>|{ia,'xsjc. 
ItW ft wfj. (H'li aWi lliit. MSK. (Vwnt. 
11th fipp. A|ip. pt. rii. pp. lt«-5). 

lii\lib'2, on ilif dciiiU "f Sir Junes Dyer 
'q.v.j, chii-f jitAlJCQ of the cotninon plcii», 
Nianwood ollVrvd Uui^hK-y u hirg? sum for 
bis place, wliicli, Uoivevw, wna givin to Ed- 
mund Anderaon [q.T.] In l-'elnuinr Vi^i-v 
[ he liclpcd to trr tlio inteaded renitide Parry, 
I and in the (bllowin); June be look part 
ill the iii!iiii-:it OR the death of tho Earl of 
NortliuaiUrrliLnd in the Tower (aco PntOTt 


Uc was a inemlH-rof tbeit|iecial commuiaion 
which, on 11 (lot, 16&8,aaoembledntFot]MiT- 
ingny for the examinalinn of ibe qucvn of 
Scots, nnd concurred iu the verdict nflcr- 
wnnls found a^iinat licrin the Star-chRmber 
(i.'Ocl.i IIcnlsoMt on ihrcntDiniNaon which, 
on 2fl .March 1*^*7, fmind S^frclnry I>itvi»oa 
t^^iliy of ' niinpriBon and contctnpt, * for his 

But in briiiK>uK about Ikt t!:«'(^ution [we 
AVISOS. U'lLtXiM, lo-JI-llitW'. 
In I6UI he was delected iii llw aale of 
one of tbc oliiccs in hi» cifi, and aliarply 
ci-mturwl by tbc queen. A 
which he nLl<>tnpt» to excusa himaelf by 
(iiiiiliiiir iinTi-drnt>i. i» rxmnt in flarlMaa 
MS. tlinCi, i. 41i>. Tliii wan hut one of suvcral 
niiffeaiianc^^ of \ario>i« dtKn^dBi of fcrnvity 
with which Manwood was charged durinjc 
his later Tears. Thomas Oi^ea [q^. v.] and 
Richard ItArrr. lieutenant of'UoTn Castle, 
cboT]^! bim with (lelibersle perversion of 
jiixlirp, in the <'liaiiC"n*andndiiiiniltycoiirt(t 
of Iiover, and ihi' i-xcbi^ijin'r ; ^^i^ Thomas 
Ferroil ^|.v.] and Thiimu»rbrivn"', with cn- 
vinnuRoteaditijiiti tbecouri rtfclianceir; tind 
liichacti llogers, sulTra^an biNhoj) of Doter, 
with selling the queen'i< pardon in a munler 
cas« for ^4(V. AecordJn); lo SiaoniligllBm 
[^DuiTy, Cunilun Aw., p. ttl ), he vna atooped 
lo npprnprinte n K"bl chain which n pold- 
tmilli hivd pinci'd in bin hnnd* fur inspi.iction, 
fltiJ oiilbi' privy coLincil inti-nvniuft hy writ 
at llie HLiil of the (roldimilh, n-tum"! thn 
scornful answir, ■ Malas cauu* hahentiw 
semper fuf^iunt ad potentco^ Ubi non valet 
Veritas, pncvalot aticioritas. Currat lex, 
^■lYBt Kj-s, and so foft- you well my Lordi.' 
■ Rnt,' add" tht» diarist, 'he wmi ootnimt.' 
This «tnn^ story is oontirm«d by extant 




Ifetten of Mutwood, from wlticli it aiipean 
Ihar. be wa* arraij^nfid beforctlmprivy coun- 
cil in April 1'592, rcfusod lo recognise its 
jiirisdiL-lion iimcontctnptuoiiBlcttprccnitiiin- 
ing the words 'fiigiimt ad notoil'-ii,' wiis 
thirreiipon confined in hiiftoM^ nniiip in tln^nt 
Ht. Ttnrlliolornew'H by i.)nl<>r ctf the cuimcil, 
niic] onlv Ttyaint-d liiii liticrt.}' Iiy aiiologiMtng 
fur i.t)<^ obuoxiotu Ifttu^r, nml nmiiiug kumlilc 
Kiibmiuion fl4 Miy). His ilistpnte, how- 
ever, did not prevent his ofli'ring Burphk-y 
flTi> huudred iiiarlis for tlie chief juMici-diip 
of ihe quentiV l)ench, VBCiiiiI bv ifipdimt.h of 
Sir CiirirtoEibwr Wmy [q.v.j IW brjlxr wu.-i 
not Istmn, ittiil 1)11 U iW. UiV2 Mjiiiwond 
di«d. Tli« li-iiiTs Hbrtvii rKfttm-il Uj will br 
found in Lnii«i!(WiieMS.7l, arls.S.O, ".and 
U(t; lliirfeaii MS. a99r>, «rt.ti3: and StiTpe, 
' AnnaI»*(fol.), ii-. 119-23. Other of Mnn- 
worid's letters nro preeerved in Ejrerton MS. 
2713. f. 1»:!. Addillnnnl MS. U'oftZ. f. i:«J, 
Lansdownc.MS, (Lrt8. ilnnti.'Sl.and thii'Mnn- 
wow! I'niwrs ' in Ihult Teaipl« I.ibrarj". ' 
Hie linrtil i* mm of tht Iwki R>gib!ft ever 
writli^ii. .\ iiotf of soin* of the cliBrfes 
upiiiinl him in IJurtfblev's liniidnTiliiiK is in 
Laiirtdowno MS. 101, art, 32 (eeo al§r) Lntwd. 
3fS«. 24art. 31l,2i(art.7). Some uidcijrisr.ic 
Latin bexnniaiers on his dH?ath rtro imfrilH'd 
tn Mnrloive (cf. Workx nf Chnnto^Jii-r Mar- 
hii-r^ nl. nyci., iii. SOKV 

MiinwooS wn* biiriw! Iwnpiith n upt^ndid 
niArlib- moniinMTOt, crecti-d duriujj bis life- 
time, iti Ibo loutb traniifl]>t of St. Sl'.'phen's 
Church, near Canterbury. Uoko ch!I« him 
a 'reverend jndpe of prent iinti i-M-ollmt 
knowliidge inibelfnv, mid npcfimpntiii-d wilb 
ATendy invpntinn nnd gfind ttlnoufinii.' Of 
tha four bigh court* of ju«tifl« li^e wittily 
sftid : * In Uiit (•oinmon ploiw tlitre is nil Inw 
nnd no cwireinncv, in lb" (iii'-^^n's bftK'li 1k>i li 
Inw and conwipucf, in thv cbuiiccrr all O'^n- 
MtcucL- and no Invr, and in Iho exc!icq"n?r 
Dcitlivr law iior con«>cEun<;e.' Hie i)|>iiiii>n 
•m toijcbiii;; eiirptjrfti ipoe, thftt tln'V wrn-in- 
vi^ibli'.imitiuTCal, and that (Ley bod nu m>u1, 
and ibt-rcfor-.' do subp^mA lii^tb agniniit 1 lir-m, 
becaui'i' they have no coDwiituw nor ooul,' is 
rocordwl bv IluUtrodi:, ' iCt:|)urlH,' pt, ii. p. 

If tin iinwnipuluue judiie, Manwood vraa 
a mniiidcuut beupfnctorto bis native county. 
Di-eldL-a his nchool, bu biiill a hnusc of c;or- 
rection in Wcaipatc, C'antcrbnry. ((a^o '''■ 
Stephen's Church n new ppnl of bell* and a 
new imns«'iit — tbnt nnilrr whicb In- wn-* 
buricd^anii pmcornl in Ih?'* a Muhnlniitiiil 
autrmcnlaliim iif ibi- living, lie hImi built 
aevtn ftliuBhniiMw in the viriniiy of tbe 
church, Slid by bi.* will left money lo pro- 
vide worl and wage* foribe able-bodied poor 

afllaokin^tnn nnd the adjoining paruhe* in 
bad timeH. 

Manwood marrir^d r.w!ci:>, in both caMW ■ 
widow, llv bifl flr«t wife, Dorothy, dau^ifr 
of Jnlin Tboobald of Sh^pey, be bail mautf 
l.hrce lums ond two Jau)(blers : by bli iMCnml 
wifn, bniinbeth, dauffblcT of John Copin^ter, 
of .'Mlhnllowx, near Kochesler, hebad no iuue. 
Of his aonJi um' only ■iirvii'ed him. i'eti'f 
fq.T.l Ilia wmtin-iiy dii'd nut in I be male 
tine durinff ine ]ieventfH-iiih «;ni iin-. Both 
MflRWood'a dauurbten ninrrtHl : Sinnnuvl, 
the elder, Sir John I>ve<touof Homo. Kent; 
Ann, tliB younmr. Sir IVroival Hart of 
l.illinmioii. Kullprf ir'^f/A((M,'Kent') erro- 
iii*oui>ly HWrribiw tfi lb" JiuIrb a treatise on 
'Ffirredt Ijiw'[«w.M*Nwiiin)..Ic>pts]. Apor- 
trait of ManwofHl by tin unkniiwn hnud la in 
Ibe National I'orlmit (inlli-ry ; it i« a sketch 
in waleiwwlotirs from an iinuicnr picture. 

(Lambard'o rommbulntion of Krnl. 161)6, p. 
304; UoliDfhDd'aCbrDDicliM, NBDul58i; Bcnra 
Cnunty (lenralugttM,' Knit 1 ' CnJndon* Britiuinia, 
Pil. (iousb. i. aiT : AdJii. M.'tt^ .MO? p. BilP, 
12Dor f. ISO. 29:a9, 3a.SI2 ff. 6-iS: Kg, US. 
2713, r. Iii.1; Unwi. MSf*. "it art. 30. aS arl. 7, 
■J7 <tri. 4H. dO an. *J4 x.nA ;h. 104 ari.32: Hari. 
MS8. 8993 ff. T.J7.689*H', ■Ji,l5*.TiaTart.l«; 
IiiNLT Tunipli' Hiwta: Rclurnn rf Mi'inbor* of 
I'urti[itnc]it(0tScin1); Boyk'nSandvirb, pp, 199- 
200. 184. 7U-S; IlBittifi. K.ut, ii. id, 631. 
>ii. ,V.i», UUd, >v. S73 ; HixIcH'r Kcot, «d.l}nk«, 
pt. i.. ' HiiD'trtd orElnekhi-Mh,' pp. 288, 271".. 
a8*; UugdnU'» Oriif. p. ISO; C.'hrun. Snr. pp. 93, 
H4 ; Cnl. .Sinie Pap^rn, Uoni. IM7-80. pp. 441. 
6-21. AM. UBl-00 y. I)4&. l;)91-4 pp. 3IB-20: 
Ilurgoti's Life of SirTWa.i* Orratham, iL 47B; 
Nii!t.ilttfe'>i Lifv of Sir Chri:<iofibpr HnUiin, p. t'i 
lyEwta'tJoniu.Qf l*aiIiiinii'DlaJuriDKtlisltaiga 
• ifQiicvii E^liuibi'ih, IiiH'2.pp. IHO, I9i, 187,119, 
isn, IH:I, 2«S, 232, 'in. Par). Hitti. i. JtH; 
ItiKt. M.S.S. Uomm. Ilth l{«p..\pp, pt. iii. p. SO; 
.^naljiiriil IndM to Ibu I(('!ni>iniininpfH, p. 117: 
]tymi>r'a Finlnm (Siin-li'»*in).»». 71li. 710 : Cob- 

I Wt'a State Trials. I. ]01t!i, ]]U, li. 82 el anq. ; 
SonierB Trvis. 1. 220: NamHiTM of tho !tit- 
fnroialjon (Cnnidcn Sac.), p. 339 ; Trevclvnn 

' PiipiT* (Camden Soc.), ii, 84, 8*; Oamdm Mi*. 
•■ellrtiiyi(t>iim[(iii Soc.), viil, iv.; Lodffv'a Illwtni- 
tions.'ii. -isa ; Psrk«rCorrup. (Farcer Soe.], pp. 
187-ti2.3S8. 1115: K»<»n'ftPnvyniifParlM»8oe.)i 
]). flHI ; Strypii'aWhitgifl,fii|.,i. MA. ii. I60-7S. 
iii. laS «t iwr], ; StrypVd Aylmer. Bro, p. 9| ; 
Sirypp'-t Oniiilof. fi>l., pp. 2CS. 233-3: Strvpe"* 
Pnrkrr, I'ul., !. 274 M nw).. ii. 377. iii. 33i.'«*4i 
Stcv|io'» AotinU. fob, mb iii. pt. i. pp. 62, 13S, 
S;0. aSl; Cckt't Reports, fob, pi. iii. p. t8«; 
Crflt»'» Rpp.rl».H!i cii.p. iW: Fmuilo'sllitt. of 
Kni|>Innd, >i.lt8a: Oirliilt^'s Endotvcd Orammar 
S<hiy>!>. i. d9n oi im]. : I'url, Papm, IS6><. toL 
iliii. : Mumtr'K llamllionk to Koni; Kelly** 
Dirt-eidry to Kiynt ami Sumox ; Fooa'a Lirn of 
the Jud4;eB.] J. .M. K. 






MAPorMAPES, WAl,TElt(/. 1200). 
mpilta-vnl atiilinraiid nir, waa from his namt? 
ofWeUh descent, Hid hcspeaksof l!iu WolKh 
M Ua fcllow-ommtn^ni {Df Nugif, ii. 20). 
Msp, which w WcUli for ' soil,' mill wliif.'li 
bu been afaortviivd Ui Ap in forming mcHlf rii 
pBtronyisin. wrms tu bun btiMi u^eil hy 
ths Swionw u a nickname for a Wt^Uhinau. 
Walurbimiclf waaalmoAtcerUiDly a native 
of Ilfi^fiwdshire: liecaUabimieir'amari'hcr 
of 'Wales' (lA. iL :>3), aad his ' Dc N'ugiii 
Corialium' sboundi in le^nd* reluiiii^ to 
tkat county ; morvortfr. ho wa* tlin>u^h<iut 
his life nurv or Iws cIuotIv ooonvclvd 
tbe eily of Ilvnfurd. It i« Known that Lkere 
WIS a cucoeHiou uf Walter MapD at Wona»- 
ley, about taghl uiU-a uorth of that city, 
b«tween 1150 and I;;i0(cf, citrittonB from 
Htirl MS.S. .1.>fl and 07l'«. np. W^hu, Cht. 
t^ SomavrM.i.'-i'^-^). Waltcrmaylinvi^bfi'ii 
■ Mowiln'r nfttiii fatnily, tmi iticri' imio ci>r- ' 
tain p<ri<Uiticv, allhaiigh Iw ia kiiciwii tohavo | 
hM land at I'tiin^iwick, at uci great du- I 
UOM* (Curt. S. Ptttf OkiwenUr, ». l.Vl, 1 
Roll* S^.) 1> hoi, liowefer, been argued, ' 
Ibi'in^h on very iiuullicieDt prounda, lliat 
Miip vaj a native of l'cmbralieshin< ( Xotn ' 
itn-i Qufriff, 3rd ar. xi. JWJ; lURliTf f'at. 
Brit. Ilitt. ii. 487). All that wo know of 
bi« parent;* ui that 1 boy witru of «u(Ik-ivnt 
potiiinn t^ liambnonof aerriw to Hi^nryll, 
bnth bnfom and after he bacame kio^ {De 
XHffi*, T. ft). Map waa probably bom about 
1 140, and wont to Uudv at Paris soon af^er 
IIM, forLoniBVH harf lately mnrried ('»n- 
pIbikw of ('»*hte, and hi> wm lliorn at leiwt 
a* IbI« ha 1 Itil), foT 1«> ctudiM nndor fiirard 
la fuculle, who bei^n to tonch in or abaut 
that Tear (I'A. \. J, ii, 7 1. Hit vru*, bowevor, 
bacliln England Wforc IIU^, for h<}WM|iie- 
wnt at tho court of lll:n^^- II, -vrliik- Thomaa 
Hvdut iraa Btill ohanoellbr |«%. ii. '2S). Mnp 
■ay* that hu had eanii^d Uuury'a favour 
and aSocti'ju tlirov|;U hia parentV merits | Hi. 
V. 6). Hi? was aite of the clnks of ll» royal 
br>u9elK]ld,aail tkoa vat frequently employed 
luajustic^- iiimrant (tiLUALiiCtfC'AUitRBXsiB, 
Oprni,'tv.-2]Wr. bi*namooccuniinthi»cnpa- 
ciij Bl Oloiirwtci- in 1173 (.lUiKil, j/ut. 
Kfriff/ff, '■ <0I ), and lu a jiLitict- in eyra 
for Hrrrfinliliireand thaueitrubuuriuj; coim- 
li« in llWi (Kttcs. Itineifiiy vf Hmry il, 
pp. 17(1,20.'). r;inildiia»av6ihjit Map always 
Closed llie Jrvrs aud CtalcrcinDs fiotu bia 
oath Ui do jiulicie to all mon, «inco 'it wu 
absurd lodojiutice to tlioso wilt) wrre just to 
□one.' Map waa with lli-nry nl l,imLi)(u4 in 
1173,whpn DcliBdcBri'iiflVlurofTnrt'ntiuAe. 
In II'D Hmry aent him to the l^icniH 
Coaucil at Romft (cf. itt. p. 23S): on his way 
be waa hMpitably eiiurtaiucd by Henry of 

Chnmpi^^o. At the council hi; vras deputed 
by ilic pope to ar^ue with tlif rejtreftenLatiTea 
of the \\'iildcnaini]«, who wero present tbeio 
{Df Xuffu, ii, .% V. 6, i. 31 ). In 1170he»- 
(•ri»i;d ihi* ]inibrnd of Sfnptsbiiry at 8t. 
I'auI'Bi «p)iiiri'tirlyhf wannlrf-iiilyoittoii and 

Kti?Lv-ul<ir of i.tiicolu, and jianwH of Wwt* 
iiry. Gloiictsiersliiri-. n livmif in ihi- jtifl of 
tlio vican thoml hI Ht-n-fonl (I-i; Nf.tb, ii. 
f*^, 40tJ(. In 1 1S3 bi> was witb Henry H in 
Anjoi), und at the lime of ihe yoimi^ Ilium's 
il«ntli in June wh» at Situmur (7> Xugit, 
iv. l.v. 6). nefom llHtJ be had be«oni« 
chancellor of Lincoln ( Carl. fi. I'tlir (Jimifi. 
ti. 1A4). Ilia couuKCtiun witb ihr- i.'<iiirtM.">nia 
to have ceased at Ched«alb of llnnn' II I lim 
.VtjjH', iv. 21. In 1197 (not lliW-iw ori«n 
aiated) ho was mnde arcbdeacnn of Oxford, 
and at tho tinme timn iv^iened tiiiprei^onlDT- 
ebi}>(R. RR Dii-Kio.ii. 150|. Two years later, 
on a vmiinry in lli« «.■«• of Ilpn°ford, tbe 
fliaiit>*r wikIimI to hav» Walliitr for biKhop; 
lie lielil at tlii* liinu one of fbi- jin'lN.^iid*. 
Walter aeeompanlfd a de put a) ion ft^no ibo 
chapter to Anpers in Mnreli IHJS. wb«ii tlioy 
ntt'>nip[(>il to fpiin their end with the aid of 
ItiKhop IliiL'b of Lincoln ( Vila S. Hu^tntis 
J.iiniilnimm*, p. :;**! , Kotls Ser.) Their mis- 
Hiiin wiui untunr-tiffifiil, sad John, on bis «c- 
ciiiuiiaii »onn after, guvo tbi> *«>•' to tiilva do 
Brflosrij-v.] In January ISOS WdUnr, aa 
archdeacon o f Usford, wait ordcwid to teizn all 
Ihe property of hi» old frii'iid *;iraldu« with- 
in his archdeaconry (CiRALPt-^ t.'AHnnnKEta, 
(Ijiert, iii. *JI)). hi November IiK)3 be was 
nniT of tiin cnndidoles whom 4iimldua, not 
Tftry *inM>ri>lv, an^AAtt^tl for tliu tee of St. 
iPavidi (i7,. i.' .'KWl, ill. H'J\ ). Map wa» still 
aliv« on 16 .March I'Sii*, when an order was 
made for a nnym^nl id him (Oal. Ilvt. Litt. 
CliM. i. lot)}, but u|ipitnnilly be was d^-ad. 
when Uimldii« wrote tbt; })rou.-n)ium to tha i~ 
eecondi-diiion of hi»'Uib>;ruka' about 1210^ 
fi>r, iarefvn^DKtoMap.Uiialdiu eay»,'ciijuB 
nnimn.' propit it'tur IVus' [Opera, v. 110). 
Tbi- date of hit death is i;ivi.'n as 1 April in 
a calendar printi-d fn>m alIi>rcford miM^l iu 
tli« ' lli»tor>- of Hweford." London, 1717. 

In the only extant charter gmnted by 
Map, hie oepbew, I'liilip Map, iii mentions) 
as a wiCoaM (<^(l!i>n C'Aarfrr, 3; vi.-IO, printed 
ap. Latin Poem, p. xxix). Man hnii other 
ncpboWB ID* Ku^ie, p. lil). liil nolhin^j 
further i« Known of ihcm. Therein no doubt 1 
thni M;i]) i!i tbe ri^ht epellint; of bis name;\ 
it in the fomi invariably u»od by his con-l 
tcnuKirarifs, and la givnn by Waller hiniaelf| 
iih. V. (S, ' ciii njEfnomi^n Map'). Mapcc it thft 
laiinLned unil iniicrurati; fonn.lhouEb it bat 
been ni'isi popularly \uh:A. Ma|> u to be 
carefully distinf(ui»heil from his poredeccmor 

m tiie anhct&ncoiiry of Oxfonl, WmIut Cl- 
l«aiaa [q-v-}i ^'^^ wltom he hm bi>Gn adtsn 

Wrtlti-r iftip'rf undoubted literary romains 
Ml) iwiirei^lv e'lmm etna rut* with t!i'» rspiits- 
tion which' he baa almost ontinuoiulT en- 
joyed. A raati of rhj world, with n inrpi 
cirol90fi»iirllviU'qiiflintfincM — hft bpuw wir- 
neM himtoir U> hii tnmiliQritv wtth TbA (wa 
Heniya of l-lnglAiid, II«nry tl uuitl UU son, 
with Louis of Fmiicu, and Houry of Cbam- 
paf^c — aetivclyi;upii|i{i"tl ill jmhlicafl'uirw from 
liUToiUlmp.licirftsprobiibly more familtnrtit 
hii! coat emporariee as a wit than ns n vrritar ; 
to this Oiraldii^ Oamhrensi* Wftm vrirufts* in 
Uiuitfcord th&lhelifi«pr(uinpv<-d(ifhi«friend"< 
'ctturtly jeat»' (Opera, iii. l-l-j. iv. 219. &c.) 
It i» poRSiMo also liial thii it nil thai Giml- 
diis alUidea to in bij! rq>eiitt;J mfun-ncfa to 
Map's French ' dicita,' tliuiijih tills U siiscep- 
tiblo of iinotbor t-x|iUit)aliou. Map hiiumf 
My* cxpn'-^^ly Ij> (liraldua, ' Noe muUa disi- 
miis : \nf Hcripta d'^Jistia ot uos rerbn.,' and 
thikt hU ' dicla ' had liroujjht liint n coa^ider- 
«ble reimimion (Oiiuluu-i, O/xra, v. 4\0~ 
411). jIowevcT, Giroldu* is nl»o our wil- 
nesft that Map wae n !<*.'holiir, wisll vf rsud in 
law iiad thciiioj^, ntid n man of p'lutic Insle, 
well rcwl in lilcriitum (ft. I. 271-rt9, iv. 1-10), 
Much of lliin iniK'hl bti iiiforred from his one 
iind(mW>d wfrU. thn ' Vc Nupii f 'urialiuiD ' 
(Coiirtifiw' TrifliiiL'sV This curious hook, nl- 
thoii([h devoid ol nnj" visihli- urnmK^i', 
made up larffply of iL'iri'nd.n from his nntim 
county. gVMip and miwdotw of \n» (">urt. 
life, also dixplav* hix Iiit'^rvkti in and nc- 
i|i]aiiitinirti iht? aurienl claries, liia 
l.'hrl»tiaii fiiihcrs, and contemporary history. 
In itK form hardly more than thoimdig'csted 
rt!iniiiiiiri>ncea and notes of a mati of tbit 
world with a lively seiLse nf htimonr, thi>rL>' 
in vGt a deeptir purpose undsrlyin^ it ; it i«, 
indeed, in somo warn n Iloi!in Rniirr* (in llit< 
candllirm of cliiin:h iind mnka in thawriterV 
on-n dB.y. It iiii-orpomtiM much hJ8torical 
in format ion, i>hi<!fly of a traditional end 
niincdotal elinrnetiT, hut nf coniiderable iii- 
tureat ; i>spi)cially not iooable arc his a(7couHt« 
of the Templars and lIo8pitslh?ni, and his 
sketch of tho English court and kings frum 
the i*ijm of Williain H to liiu nwn C.imn. 
To tho ' Ho Niigis' w<' nl»o owo nearly till 
our kn-owli'dpi ot" Mii]>'i« mva life Tl»j worlf 
appoarw tn hnvn fff^wii out of a ri-ijuosit. mada 
hya frii-nd ivUh-d (ic^dffri'y. that hii would 
writn n pocin on 'tila aayinf^ and doin;;^ 
that, hod not baen pommilled to writing' 
[ Df Nvffit, pjt. ^l, 113), lilapwhofo he im- 
plies that ho ym>t^ nt the wtubof Henry IT, 
and tells iia that tho book wns composod in 
the court by Buat«h«s (lA. p. 14>0). It is 

suffidently el«ar trom th^ work itself that 
it woo compMKl at vsrinii' iiini>c b^weeo 
1 182 And ]I»2(M. pp. irttand ^:tO:a>A*lM 
pp. -M, 22, 3&, 209, 228, 232). Moroorer, 
tbu eamq aioriot or ineidAnta am Aomittiine* 
T'daiivl more than once. The orair mwia- 
wrip! of the *l)n Nugis Cnriulioin is Kodl. 
MS. Hrt\, A manuscript of thi» fin^enth cwn- 
lury. onci> llin property of .lohn Wellvt, 
monk of lUim^ity nnd sometime student of 
GloUtffintcr nidi, Oxford (intcription in JfoJi, 
MS. m. nod Wood. City of O^/wrf, U. 30(^ 
Osf, Hist, Sue.) Then; w n tninvcript auAw 
from t hie uauuscript by Ki'ohard Jamvi '•!■¥.} 
in Jnmea MSi^. '-il tind 'Si), in iht- Undleiiia 
Library, It whs editod by Sir. T. Wright 
for tbf Camden Society in 18W. A. discti«- 
ition c)f some of the folk-tales contained in 
tLv ' D« Xugii' will be found in 'Gonuani*,' 
V, 47-tH. Ill the 'Dt^Nusis' {Difiinptio, iv, 
c. iii.) U iucorpii rated a little troatiM, ' Die- 
suaein Valcrii ud lltifinum mMixnrcm ducnl,* 
which ecumaio be a work of Map'it earlier 
yoari!, and of which manv unouviuou-s couit-» 
Gxiitt |o.g. BodL AIS. Add. A 44, mrly tliir- 
tnonth century with a fouileenth-cenl nry 
commi'iiinrv, and Anindcl MS. 14, and llni^ 
ney MS. mi in th» Britifh Muwum"). It 
is priii[t!i] Ainoii^ Lbo mipposi tit ions works 
of St. Jerome in Mij^ae'a 'T'nLmlojtui,* xjjt. 

In tlic 'Db NuKis Curiallum' ther« ar* 
incorporated varioua atones of a romantic 
clwirnctLT. ButtliL'reis not hinp which, for 
il.N Btyln or niail^T, would lend iia to attri- 
huCr. 1*1 Mrip that sliar)" in the ompfwiiion 
of till' .\rtlinrinn nirarinct'n with wliich lie 
hait in varying pmixirtiijtm ln>.'n crf-dilwl. 
The nianuseriplB of tho grt-al pnvw nimanc* 
of ■ Lancelot ' commonly a*criw' the u.uthur- 
ehip to Map. Of the four parti of this work 
tbiB first two compose the 'Lancelot.' proper, 
tlm ntliiT two being tho 'Quest of llie S. 
l"Jniiil,'nndtlio'Morte.\Tthur.' All four parta 
nw in Km'ornl mnnnacriiH*, attritnited Mjexn- 
fieally to Wiillcr Mitp (e.p, Koval. 11) U xiii. 
thirliu-iith Clint iirv, In tlio RnlUb .Uiisftim). 
But ill KpiTl.onJiS. USD— which in a eupy of 
the ' Tristriim ' — tho writ or, who panaoauiidfr 
the name of HMii- d*» liorron. t.dls tu thai 
JInp wrote ' lo propro livrc- de W. leiic*lot 
dii liw',' Tlip «nmi> writer in tho'Moliadus ' 
(ff. Aiiil ^fS. li'Ji'J?) ffivM the neual a»- 
cripiion of Thfl ' l.anwlot ' to Map. with the 
sjpnificnnt nddition ' qui utoit V elwc !v rol 
henri.' Ths conManr-vof thr-trmiitinn would 
in itself point to thprn lK'in|i i!orat< founda- 
tion of fact; it ill tbiTpforo infjirMtiny to tiod 
Hiio of Itot^lande, who woj hima.df « nativ* 
of IIorofordHhire, und wrote about 1186, 
after deacribln^ the threefold appcantnc« of 


hu lien at the tonnuunaat in white, r«A, 
■ndbUekaniioanexouae his lotnuice- writ ing 
wilh these vonla : — 

Sol ne ni pu da maatir lui. 
Wftker Map rM«t boa n ptrt. 

('I Am oot theoQlyoiic wko knows tbo art of 
Iring', Wiiltn Miip knows n-cll faU part' of it.*) 
"tiin inciiimt of tin- loumnraeat tignm of 
ooaracin ttip ' Lnncclot,' nti<l it U nlmuat in- 
cmdiUe tknt we hKv» not ln-n- n cameiow 
■Dnsion to tliat romaoor, aiu) to !t[iip aa itA 
author. With thiaooiToboruiTcm^deDcewe 
may tekts the statement by tbeeo-oJled H^lie 
deuonoBiittliB'Metudus.' HtlJeUve dnbom 
l^'yi f "^ m> *n * anangenr^ of older ami 
■faoiter nnunoee, from wl)i«Ii lie {>ro1>n1ily 
derind bis UMrtion of Mni'* Khun* in the 
composilioii of llii' ' Lniui-lot.* If il^Iie wim 
tDentljendvvvuurin^Ki father iki- ' I^ancelot ' 
OB an eminent intu, it i« «iniR;;e that be 
should not hare^ven ^UphiriUi^rdesiKna- 
tioa of archdeacon, instead of f;f''i0 Mek 
fifty jfan to the timo when lie was n simnle 
elerk of ttie kiiifr. That ll^li« or his autno- 
rities should linTe ktitiw-n ilint Mun vas ■ 
lOjml dork tK in ilnelf pcrhsjix a littjia poca* 
Usr, and the aMunion tlmt he tmitlatea the 
*Luu>eLot ' into Franeh at H<.-urT'« reijuest it 

* fnrther coinddenee, when eAmpori)^ with 
M8p*a own stalemetit in the 'lli>NDfTia'ihat 
be enfcag«d in 1it«nilaro at the kitu'a wish 
(]», I4U). Tskinp tha analog ef tb? j^m 
|irow *8. C-lrtLol.' which wiu nwArli^d to Iw 
» tniHUtMM) from tlie i>iitin hy Kobcrt Ao 
Bovran, but which hasprorod to be foundiM 
on a BhoD poem hy that writer, wc mar not 
Qolkirlr conclude that rho fouodatinn of the 
prase ' l^ncelot ' was an AnAi'>-I'''^iich poem 
by Walter Mi»[>. Mnp wrote ixH-try and 
wrote in French, and it i» pivt^ihle tbal this 
is what bo Ttivn to a* hi« ' dicta,' luinf; that 
word in the seiiae of tbo Frp.ncli ' dite*,' and 

* dieere ' in the sense of compoBino; ia ^^1V 
Mpokeo Lanfiua^ asoppoeed to ' Mribcre ' (t-o 
eottpMe in lAlin). llMt such Ansl^t-Kren^^h 
poems en thtsetibjectdidextst wclin'iwfrom 
Ulrich of 7.«taikhoven, who portly fuuntird 
llU maaan- of ' Loattlel ' on a book which 
Ik herrowud firota Jlugfa de UerriUs [q.v.^, 
when a hoetaee in OonoanT for Richard [. 
M. l^slin I*an< and Dr. Joiickbloi't ctoh 
bvoitr Map's claim lo be the author of ths 
prose 'l.*acel(il,' tnrJuilinf: the '8. Qraal' 
and *Mort« Arthur.' On the ot.hirr hand, 
M. Oafton raris would deprivn him of any 
aliare what«T«r in its romixMitton. On tbie 
whole it aeena probable ih&t Map did con- 
tribute til a ooaudamble degree tOWBitIs 
giring the Anhurian romaticcs their exist- 

ing abBpe, but how far any of his work bas 
survived mii^t be a mntior of dispute. It 
is iicrhansworlh tu>ticn that y. Poulin Parift 
hoianlea a, theory that Map wrote hid n>- 
tnanceaindefenoKof Henry'noppn^iciontothe 
Itnroan conn, ami that thn Ir^rnd of Jom^ph 
of Arimalhea conitiiuted a cWim fur ponti- 
fical supremacy in ilcftance of the pnjie (I'A. 
1. -IT'J cl Hjq.) This theory, tbotign per- 
haps far firtcufd, is cnticin? when vii-wed 
in connt-cli'pn with Mop as the ealirist of 
Homiui cr>rruption. 

It ianN a aaciriiti, rather than as theniitbor 
of the ' De Xufli" Ourinliuin ' ur thti ' Ijin- 
celot.'lhai Walttr MaphflJi i-uj-iynd *■> liWtinK 
a reimtation.' To hi* pen has been ascribed 
miicli of the C>olijr<Uc verse, in which the 
Inter tn-elfth and early thirleenlb e«'nturin 
wnn' »i) pmlilic. Tlieso Ijitin poi»m» consist 
of Katin-)> on the eoiriiptinni' of tJii* ecclesi' 
a>Ltca1 onW genirally, and n]tov» all on the 
ditirch of Rome, A • Golijinlu* ' was a clerk 
of loose life, who madealivini; by hi*«tarae 
and satirical wir (on the derivation of the 
word (iee Wkkiht, Lafin /Vipm afttitutei 
tn H'ltllrr Map, or DrOANui;, sub voce). 
Fftini tliii wii havi< thr> pmlirndiid Bishop 
(ioliat, th>' biir1iMi)iiii n'pn«i.iittttiTe of the 
clerical order, whoM 'ConfMsion ' and * Apo- 
ealypae ' are the obtcf amaag tbo poems of 
this c\aaa attributed to Map. But Giraldus 
Cambren^is vena familiar witli the ■ Confea- 
sion,' and criticisp* itsu-nt^r sevjrely under 
fho B*ire of tinlioa ; it wmild tbifreforp ap- 
nr'ar that hi> at any mtii did not tiiBpc^t his 
intimnl.' frii^nd of tho author*bip (S[tf^ulirnt 
Efttftitt. ap. Optra, \\: iSl —1). uimldtw also 
cites tin.' poem entitled ' Holiaa itiRomonam 
Curiam' (li. : cf. Z/tfin J\>fmi, pp. 36-9). 
t)f thi» other poems the 'MPtemorphosia 
Uoliw' (id. pp, ^1— It)) apiiMirs to have been 
written about Il40(art. ny M. Jinurfnii in 
Minu AfaJ. later, rt Ilfll/^-I^Urf, xxvili, 
n. 93S-3S). \ cnllection of tlw»"> poems 
wa* edited hv Mr. T. Wrij;ht for Ihe Cmo- 
denSociety, 'Latin PoemsattributedtoW ni- 
ter Map,' l^l, Thcr<; i* nosuregroujidfur 
ascrilHiigany of thi»vxtant pi^L-trr to Map, and 
the ascriptions of iLeni I'jfuin in mnnuBcripts, 
though common in tbellfteiiuh century, oru 
in no cose older than tb- fourteenth century*. 
We do, howuTCir, know that Map wrote 
TCTsea against the Cistercians, and some of 
bis joets prescrred br riiraldus aru tnode at 
the expense of the eieri^ (cf. Ofmv, lii. 145. 
' vir luijETua? dicacis et etoquentint pmndis 
illoruni et eiiniliuin fttiKillnn.t avaritiaai epi- 
ncoporum'). The'lK: NiyriaCiirialiurn'more- 
over contains come iinfaTaurahle critietnms 
of the monastic orders, and commenid on the 
avoriceof the court of Rotne (et pp. 97,44- 

6S,87). It m* pielMbly the knowled^ of 
these KntiiDeot« sad his fatns sa a entimt 
thftt mntixl Mftp th« n^nt>< nf Wingthi^triio 
GolinK. I)f hUpodin* agninct tltot'iEtrfciatij:, 
one liiu: a.p{H>4Lra to- linvu boi^n prcscrviid:^ — ' 

Lancm Loagini grax ulloa ordo nofandlw. 

"niwocountii 11 reply by W. Bothcvfold, suV 
miorvf St.FridcMwi'deV, Oxford, daliac frcjin 
EbetweLftlicctituirtpruileil iu Latin l\>emt, 
p. xxxv). In one jiloce JlwUewaUl »w)i» tt> 
nllutlc lo tbe ' 111- >■ ujtif ' i ti, p. ixxvii). It 
is ooticcoblo tU&t th^ metre of tliin linv is 
diffocent from tint of iiiiy of llie p'H'to.'* coni- 
tnonl,T ottriliutotl lo Mnp. Uimldus fiavs tbiit 
Uap's liQStility totUr CtxtcrcianK amse out of 
adUjmtowilli llw CisliTciaiiiiil' Kiixli-v a- to 
tkuri^'lilnof his church "f \Vr«tI>iirv(0/'<-#Ti, 
IT. il9-24, 140). He iilsT refera lo M«]>'4 
poetic toxica in a Inni; letter 'wticli lie nd- 
oreswd to him (/*. i. ;jri-8H), on<l ppwcrvv-i 
Bpocm which Iil- »cri (o Mop nilli n mii-k. 
and M4iii"»rri>lTiii twilvtflrRiiitoir/i. i.;W2- 
3tJ3). Till' IntiiTiiimi-anf Id Im- fhmiiily iin- 
doi]l)((.M]|)Tuiluia uf Mup'it iiiiUH) which ia noir 

Thii famaiiti lo-called ' Drinking-SoDg ' — 

Weum wt iiroprrtiiiim iii tdlnTiiii mori, 
Viniiia bit ii|ipcMiituiii rri'^rivutiH irri, 
Ut dioiiiit cam vi-iirrini tnnp'lorum rfiori, 
JJuugflit propitJa* buie po-totari ■- 

which wcirL- tUau «ll vlaL> has f'(^ciir«il Mftp a 
populur rt'|>iiUi iu uiodum (iin«s, on«i't# of 
two wparatv t^xlrnct* from t.lm ' ('i>iif.>Mio 
GoliiDi' lines A-* 'yJ, aail t!l-7tt. TIil' first 
four of thc»c line* form the npvniiis vuwc of 
AJiothcr dnnkltiK-i^oii^ pivi-n in Sluutiv MS. 
2563, f. 78, whitli dnV» frcnu the £ft«ciiVh 
century (printed iu Lnlm Potmu, p. xlv). 
It is (hi'Tufore probulle that befora that 
dati) the well-known Ktnj; hud heen con- 
stTticttrd ■out of the ' ConfcMio." Then: hii\« 
been many inoiltrn tnmEilotiniii> ol' tliin anaft 
(cf. Xotr.t ami tiucrt'ct, 7tli sit. viii. 108, 
311, 2!t'i}. Atnonc Itiv.-p ur« versions by 
Loieh Hunt, Sir Th«od(ire JUartiUiund ilr, 
J. A. Syinondii ( ti'inr. HWiwi, and Sonff). 
lie aiip|iQ8iHl aulhnn-bip muft in ull pro- 
b&tnlity hn abandoned, nnd in nnv ouk thu 
tjcloa of 'the jovial ■nhdiiKiim ' and 'lh^• 
Anncnoii of 1iii> ngc' which it h(u i^uruud 
for Map iin- iittt-rly inapprapriatfl. 

Mitny njitinmi-aa of Map's wit arc pro- 
•MTOd bv Giralituft (cf. Opera, iii. 14fi, iv. 
140. 218-24). A version of tlo fnbl.' of 
the hind in the ox-tifall ixEtvonu ' oxdiclia 
W. Map; in Cf.C. MS. 130. It ia prinled 
in Wright** ccUticin uf ihe'DeNugif. p,244. 

(Al'iin« nil nur knowM^ of Ma|ri> lifn i« ciu« 
lo til* De Kiiffia Cnriatinm aad tht> frt^iivnt 

nfiarsiieasinthoTnFh* of GinhhuOkiBtoiuME 

th'O lattsr ue quoted from th« edition In 
Rolla SeriM : thare are two puaaecB Rrlaiing 10 
him in tb« life of S. U \ijth of Linoiln b; AAmm 
of Ejnnhani in the Rol \» Acr. , ihore arc also • 
few tcfi-roncc* in tli« Pipe Bella and Oalendnis 
of Pnl-nl HuJ CloKO B<>ll*. T)ia moat ntlualile 
modern ncvauat ia to hv foand in Wanl's Cat*- 
]t<ffvt of KomiuicM in tbo Uriltak Maaeum, i. 
2\». Sill- 66, 7<l4.ii : Ho» iitiiu Wrighta fimfaMH 
til iho I)q Xiigi»CiirinIinni,iindT^l)B Potmaat- 
trihul^d lo Wnltt^r iMnp. and IiIb Uiugiapkia 
llritiiiiiiiCH LliFni-ria. ii. 295-310; Fiw*i JudgM 
of Kncl.ind.i. 27^-4. for vAriooapoinia ia «»• 
Dccti^Mi with Map'a aHppo««>l hImm ia the Artbu- 
tiiia roiiiniiofa wu pHuIin l^l^»'lk ItoRiaiw d»b 
T.iMd Kiindc, bir. t. 3^1-67, and Mantiacrila 
FMn<^9 <i6 U itiMiotti»qne du Sm ; Gaaton 
PnriHi I.iiicmintv Krnn^'aito au Uoyao Aft, 
£f rid. 6-I. m: JoTii.-kl>Io4>t8 Lo Roaian de U 
('hurratle par Gauitiiur Map rt ChrMtJen da 
TrovBS, The IIsk"*'' 'SAO ; Maerlcns's ■ fAiiEatot- ^t 

ik>iiiiini»cti« .''lii'li«n, T. {('17-703 ; Romania, t. ^M 
-l4;-73, * Do l'»ri|tioo "t du d^aloppaineBt do* ^M 
Tomana du la T«1>U Itond*.' hr Pnulia Paris, «. ^ 
470, on Ul# Lunifulu of t'lrlrh of /alzik- 
horOD by Uaototi Pjiris, and xii. 4d9-ti34. ' La 
Ccntn ilu U Chnrrpit*,' liy (Jjrtria PBria: Nnii'a 
Stiidiri> ill ibu Lrg<^B>l of tlin Uoly tinud. Tbo 
■nrliitr hua to tliuiik Mr. H. L. D. Ward of iha 
BiilioU MttBrtim for sumo ruluablo anislanco.l 


MAPLBT, JOHN (d. IfiMI, miawlla- 
iii^oiiM wrilcr, niatriculntt'd ax a itiar of 
(Jufeui' CoHi'Ki-, CKinbri'lf(i'. in Bwinbar 
l.'jdO, prncf^i'di^d n.A.iii l*")(i3-4. wasa feUoir 
of Caibiirint- flnll in Auffitit lOdl.Mid «!■■• 
mi-ncH .M.A. in ir>f^. On -JR Nor. infigba 
waAiiiBtitiited.on tbeprewntationofSirTbo- 
mtixMildiaaVrtotliarocloqrof Cin-ai I^rigliB, 
Ki««x. wliicb liu Bfohangod for tho tmef- 
oge of Norlhall (now Xottlioll), Altddloscx, 
on 30 April iriTI) fNEWCortfT, Jinn-rOirimit. 
I 2'22, 70,1, ii. 385). lie waa burx-d iu the 
cliancel of Northolt Chiireli on 7 Sept. 1003 
fparixh tvigiKler), lonvin^ usuo : .lohn.Thomu 
{li. I."j77), Margnn-t, Kllcti (fi. I. *>".*>-«), and ^ 
Mary {h. Ififil ). Hi* wifo wii" appamnlly a ^ 
widow nniuod ELliw I.uap. .\ Tow wov'ka 
nfier Mapli>l*B dunth «b6 tDarri<-d Mntlbi-w 
Itati'lHll.i^Grvant on her hn&band'i> Rliilfc?, iiud 
dii'fl fit Knlinjj in 1595 {PrnbaU .irt m Vie. 
(Ifn., Up. London, 1690, t. Sit,). Kan- 
dall, who l>l^cllnll) n pmanBTOua y«mman at 
I'^lLag^,survi«vd until \im.\(AM Beok^Comm, 
(httrt (■/ Le^nd. 1«2" m. t ] l&A). 

To Northolt Church Maplot loft liia 
' llyblc of \iw f^oalest vollome'and ionft 
»inall k'ncfiLrtiona to thn parish (wiU r«^*> 
leied in P. C. C. "0, Scott). 

itJaploC wroti' : I. ' A <3n>ene Koreat, or » 
KHtiirall llistoris. Whorain may b«««eeM 

Btst iLe Bioet nffBraiKoe T«rtu«« in aII th« 
wbok kinUfi of aUtooe & motl&Li : next of 
pUau, u of Eerbn, Uom, & sbrulM; h*tly 
of brute beutw, foulc*. (>abi», crc^ng 
wronncs, & eoipfals,' Svo, Loudon, 1637, dv- 
dicBtcd to ThaniM, vorl of SuMcx. 2. 'Ttit.- 
DtoU of Dciitiain . . . wkcrein mayW Been 
tbeoonliiiuall . . . ooane, . . . bUecttiH, uid 
inflaaDoeof Uh' tH!V«n pUnet« uiMUttUkyndt's 
ofcreatureshen- below : and unto the aesurall 
> . • tiioMioii of couDiryes and kiiiedom.c«. 
Oonpilwl utA discusMn] br!«fly, m wgU utn>- 
1(k3), dedica W to'SirChrisWpherHnlton. 
Botb thetc ciirioiu trckltses ore reiy rare. 

rinrormntion tnm J. CbaU«nor Smith, *aq^ 
■adW. II. L. Sliadw*!!. Mq.; Coodm'* Ath»nii> 
Outehr. iii. 13&-6; Tumor's Bibl. Brit.-Hib. 
1748. p. aos.] O. O. 

MAPLET, JOIIS 11012 ?-l{i"01, plir»i- 
ouuprobably bom in ICI'3 in tha pariA uf 
8t> luniii-l(^-l')nD(l. Ijondan, wiu arm, ac- 
omding'toWood.of 'n sutScient slioemaliL'r.' 
Accoraiiu to tbo ' Iti^«tt-r of the l*nr1ia- 
meniuj ^'wiU)ni to Oxford' U'd. Biirrowj, 
p. 488) bt wan twfiilT in llS&i. He wrn 
olucntH] Ki Weirminilf r. wliciici; iii IHiKi )if 
wu elected la Cbriki Cbureli, Uxfanl. Hm 
miimted aA. nn 8 Julr l(»U, M.A. oil 
IT April l«3.s. and M.[). U July 1047. On 
9 I>ec, IMS be irii» electt^ junior proctor 
upon tbo d«fttb of Williatn CiuinTi(;lit, and 
Mrmd for tbv rwauitndtM- of tb« yi-ar : and in 
tW autumn of 1047 )ir whn nnniinHtedprinci- 
bbI of niouoeairr Hall, miw Worcvatar Col- 
late, lie wan a deletraiti of lli« UDivenit^ 
affointed to recfivtf I tie parliamentary *iiti> 
ton, and is said lo ha\» Bubmittod tu their 
BUtboritT. lint he nniclily left the unirer- 
rit;. About Itt48 lieWmmeiutortoLuciiis 
Gary, tbird lortl Fnlklnnd, with trbotn he 
traviallid in Fraii<.'i< for two yiMK, Mnviug 
chi«dyat(>rlran«.l)l<ii>>,aii(ISuiLmiir. Diirins 
the tour be maile muny •ibMrrVBtiniut, whBi!ii 
bs momitteit to writing, 'in * noat and 
onrioiiB hand, with a particular met of hie 
trsnlsin an elegant Latin «lyI<>'(Gi;ii>orT). 
Haaftcrwardairent to Holland Bndthj>Low 
Couatrioa, whOT» an uncle »<pms to have 
nsided. On f> Marcli lO.'il it wa« certified 
SO tbe coinmitt4>vi for refonnation of th« iini- 
TtrntiM ibat he waa'abMnt upon leave' 
(BrSBOwg. p. :{-2g>, but while utill abroad 
he app«ar« lo have Unm ejected from Wir 
dficea at UitfardL On liin ivtiirn hv ectUod 
M a pbTtician at Uath, pnclbin^ tbenio 
th« aomnwr and at Ibislol m iIk- winter' wilb 
pnat reapoct nod vMicralion fr^iu all pv<:>|jlc 
in tboac pari*.' Ilvvruac^jaaintedmlb the 
cbief pbyticiftiu of hie tunv, aud helped 


' Quidott in hiseu'lydayifaMGvnMvn.Tno- 
MAsJ. At thv liNtontion ho ttauiiiL-d the 
priucipatuhip of OlouoMtvr Hall, but retired 
ID IGSS. lie died al liath on 4 Aur. Kfl^O, 
aged 55 i hi* wife dieJ iu lliu fi'llowioB Fe- 
bruary. In tli« north aisle of Itniii Abbey, 
whvri; ihi-y wtra buriicd, an elaborate mouu- 
mviit, n-ilh u block raarblc tabkt -with a 
LulJn inscription to Mopli-t's cnvmarr, vaa 
tT«:tfd ly UutdoU, Lndcr it i» another 
ezuall Labkl with an ioKsription to his wlfi:, 
afed m, and his children, a aun John, •pxi 
tureo rear», aud a tlau|{ht«r Mar}*, agtMl tluve 
montM. Uf Maolei Ouidolt says : " Hevra^ 
of a tender. briiiiD constitutioa, inclining to 
Eeinia inc. clear tkinn'd and of a Tery treA 
complexion.' Woodi!iayii')iowa«lvanied.i:iui- 
(tid. and i^^1|liuu.^, n ftoml phynirinn, a bi'ttor 
Christian, and an axri-lli-ut linlin ii-ict.' 

Ik^idM ' l-HUiiliar KiiiMiltfl.' MunW li*l\ in 
monuicripi ■ .Mt-rcurial KriistlwB,' 'Conjiulta- 
lion with Dr. Edmund Meara [q. v.". Dr. 
Satnucl Bavc, and otbrrs,' 'Cotmotics,' the 
'Trcntiii- "f hifi Trnvrh into the Low Coun- 
tries and Fmiu'f." and * Poems «nd Fpit^phs 
an Hfvvrat OrrnMiinii and Pmoii*' (in i.h(i 
Difurd e>j11i>«ioiii. all in I^tin. In llMH 
Ruidoli publi^hed in i|u»rto Maplet'n' Kpixtu- 
larum Mi-dicarum SptKiimea de Thfrtaanim 
BalkonifniiLimEflV-i'liA.'nliichwaa dedicated 
In the leading (nntemporaryphyaicians. Oui- 
dott aUo prvMTves aome Ijalin reniu by faira 
onnitarrh in the vy'-».Nonii' tiiK-» headed 'l>» 
(.'aiarrlii Fujiii ' awl ' In I'rimuin Cnnitieni,* 
with arhytUMl irAii*liitionortbeIaii«r. H" 
conjider^. Ill !i patron'* si vie lerve and li in U'cirdjt 
choice, but Ilia periodii a little too elabomle. 
[Gaiii»';'.< LiiM nnd Cliani^ten of the i'hrxi- 
cinniurUutiiL', [)|i. I.'iI-63; AVno(l'>.\tliffui<OiOD. 
ad. Bli«R. iii. Tl. it, 733. Til. Uan-l. Viwti, pi. 
i. pp. 473. AOS. ii. AO. III4; Welrb* Alumni 
vr«aLtaoiiMC. pp. 108-3 : Foster's dlumui Oaon. 
lfi(»O^I7t( ; Cbilncrs's Itiog. Diet. iii.S69-;i]. 
which is aljo copied l>y llosc.] O. Lr G. N. 

physician and divine, wa* dAM^ndcd from 
an' old H un I inffdon* hire family. Hi^ father 
was Joshua Mapleiof^. vicar of M&rgiiroL- 
ting and reetor of Wickford, Eases, and hia 
motlier Stuuma, daufhter of John Collet 
by Saaanna, aiater of Nicholas Ferrar [^.t.] 
or Little Oiddinft- Shf uTtvTVrtin\* married 
Jatnca Cbedley, and, dyin^ on 91 C>ct. lt}o7> 
WN« buriod at Littlo Oidilins. John waa 
bom at Margarctling on lo Juno 1031. 
On tbc di-ath of hi>t father in Wiv h» vraa 
takcatoLictleCidditiK'i^l^'^nlwwBt brought 
up hv Nlcholaa Fi-rmr, hbt goifatber. In 
ItJirhe vru sent by hid uncle, 1 to birri .Uopk- 
tofi [q. v.], lo Weatioiiuiter St-hool, wao tn- 
tarett aa a peaaiooei at TViaily UoU^ku, Cam- 





hriilKetOn 21 May tt^. and wns olectetl to a 
WestiniDBt«racbolarshiplhero in ]<!4!l. He 
DTtiduiitod lt,.V. in Jitrniarr Ii(->1-^, M,A. in 
IG-w. mill liooinir) firllow of his colbyu on 
1 Ocl.. low, ill! wiw iticorjiurnl cd B.A. tit 
Olfurd OH 11 July Hwl. Uu 12 Mny 1"1.'>2 
tiu wu mliuitCt^d a otuikut r>r tirayV Iiiu. 
From 16t*»8 to IflllOhe whs tutor tn Jiici'lync, 
son of Alfiiraon. enrl of Nnrtbiuabtvlaiid. 
He tlii^n went iibroail to atudy pKysic. Ilia 
fellowsliin cipircil in i'iHi. rind in lfi63 he 
re-etit«n<d (he L>iiri'» rnmily in Kngluud iLut- 
tera from Lord Fi-rcy lo Alaiilvlan iin> jin— 
son'pil »t Alnwick Caitlli'). In UW7 lit- Hiuk 
bin M.D. <lt?Kf*"* ut Cambridiii*, and wiw in- 
conwraled M.U. at Oxford on lit July ItiWl. 

Wliila {>mctismg in l^ndon Ui> made the 
acqu&iutftnce of mnnyof the noted men of 
llie time, tioth phyMciuim nnd thenloginns, 
and cnrnt' mui-h inm wmtncl. the C'wn- 
bridgi' hititiidinnriiiui iic Iliit hnn«i> of liix 
kiiwnuui, Tlioiiiiu! Firiuin ^'l-v.] WilJiJoUu 
Lnvlcu, whom In- hail know 11 «l Wi'ntmiiistcr 
School, bi! wa* fur mniiy yuara uu terins «f 
graal intiiuaoy. He is said to have intro- 
duced him to both -Sydenhatn nnd Tilloteon. 
With !!^y>li>nhum .Mupletuft wns for eoven 
jreor^ plasoly nssocint i>d in nii^dicnl prncticy. 

In IH'll luinUi'tidi'il I^ml F'Wox in hi* cin- 
biUMy to Diiiiniiirlt, iitnl In l(i~'2 wtut in Frtmci; 
with tho Dowug^ir l)iiclit>iM of Xorthumlmr- 
laod. In 167fi be was chosen professor of 
physic in GTestintn College, and in llJTti jkus 
acaia in France with rhe d'^wof^r dachas, 
t.uen thp wifo of the linn. Kjilph Montnsiio. 
Ho rittjiinrid h,w profemionihip st GrAchflin 
Co]!'>)!:o till 10 Oi't. lfJ70, when ha ^ftti^l^d 
from miidicol priuticu nnd pmparcd liimulf 
fi>r ordittition. lU had joroo scruple* about 
iub^cribinc tt tlio Thirty-niiia ArlioI-«, nnd 
OOmultiKl liJH friend Dr. Siutuii I'atriuk | <J. v.] 
(m* llr. Patrick's lattflt af S Feb, lmJ~A 
in Addit. .V.S. 687d, f. 151, and in Evansox, 
TArte I>ifi^uriir», p. "OV Hut on 3 ilruvh 
1682-3 b«; took both doocon't aad priest's 
ocdore, having pn-Tioinlj- bc«n presented 
to the njotoiy of IJfiybrooku in Norttanip- 
touabin. Thi« liviiih' bs litdd until 1086^, 
and thonsh noa-reaidcnl was a bonofactor 
to the place. A letler from MapUitoft, 
vrtUvu in 1719, cimpluiuiit^ of tliv iniiuso 
oE hia ebarity (fouit'lt.-d ira ltIBl> and uiviitK 
■MB* dvteila reqiC'Ct'ine ibi: pnmb duilnt;hiii 
On 4 Jan. lt!>^J-Ji lio woa chosen lecturor at 
Ipkwloh, nud oa lU Jon. 1685-3, on Lis r»> 
a^gniiiX Itriiy bronkn, vicnc of -^l. Luwrvnco 
Jewry in I.oiidou, wlii^ro liv continued to 

SrvdcJi till li<' wa» uver uitflilv yvan of sg«. 
U-^BoVOd ilivli'i-tuiviflupufiJt.OliriBtapber 
ilirntliort tiiuefrumietfo. InieeS-Who 

' took tke tleiirTee of X).]). al Oaubridgv, and 
henceforth devoted bis life to religious and 
nhilantbrapic objects (cf. Cod, Raieliaaon, C 

Miiplrlof^ was no original member of tlie 
Conipnny nf Advrninrcrs to tlie BabaiOBa 
(4 8i'iil. 1Vt*2), bn1.,huiti|iuhnuid at ibii tiiMk 
IruuMit-rred bis ^hare to Lix^lu*. Id Uieaua* 
^'en.r he was u-tiii;^ hta inlliiciic« and purae 
in support of Isaac llarron-'s acbenke (or 
building' a library at Trinity CoUc^ tte 

! wa.9 elected a fellow of the Itoynt Society 
iin 1<I VtAi. 1(I"5-K. wn« ini.'mi<*r of council 
in It377, lliT», I'tW. nnd ]ii»l'. and m tnn^ 

' uu lit* liraL'.liKnO tli« uittdicul prtjfruimi Inot 
part in ihi^ diRCUAaioim and i-xperiiu<-iiliL !!•> 
joitii'd the Sofiiety for rruiudtintt Chri&> 

. tiaii ICnowledcQ in July 1699, early ia the 
aetwnd yenr of its eii«tenee. In ihia oon- 
m«ctioii hp wn* LmiigJii into contact with 
Itfitwrl iNiJ»on [ij.v.j, with wlinui he corre-!idi'[l for HUini' yiin^. ![•■ was nn oriKinal 
uiL-niU^r nnd niitiM' aiippurU'r «f lliii Sooiely 
for the rropnjipitioiiot^iherjfUipol itiForvi|(n 
Parts (incorporated by charier in 1701), a 
benefactor to the library and building of 
Sinn Colle^, of which be wa4 president in 
1 7117, nnd (uw of tlii> comniii^ioDets of Gtveti- 
wirli Iln<--piliit. 

Till* lu«l Kin yt!nni nf Muplulofl'ii litii wcr* 
*p.'n( with hi* daughter, partly in Dxfiurd 
and jiarlly in WeHtmiiia1i.T. Hid uvntal 
and bodily health remained exeelUtit till 
nearly the end (i-njiwiuN-n*.W&0iKI,f. 107). 
lie died in Westminfltor on 10 .Nov. 1731, in 
tlip tiin^y-Rrst year of hia nwe, and wa* 
buried in thti chuieel of tliti cnnrch of St> 
Lawn-nw' Jewry. 

On IS Nov. 1679 Mapletoft raamrJ Re- 
hecca, daughter of L1■c^'Xui^tIf<y of Hack- 
ney, a Hainburtc merchant, aad voong^T 
brother of the Knislitleya of FawaJ«^ in. 
Nortliamptoneliire. Ilia wiftf died on 1 til Nov. 
16VW, tbo fourtunntb luinivcrMUy cf their 
wedding-day. By bur bu had two »oiu and 
one dauglitvr: !toDt-rt, born in Itt^l, bocaioe 
fellow of Trinity Hall, Cambridjiv (J.L.B. 
170^, LL.II. 17477% adrocata of I>oeti>rB' 
CoDimonc ^iS July 1707), and oommuuur 
of lluntlnKdon; <ucd oa 'd Dec. 17HJ, nnd 
waa buried in St. Edward's Church, Cam- 
bridffo. Jvbn, bom in lSi^7, bocame rector 
uf Ikouffhton lu Ni'Ttliiunplotiahlre ui 171**, 
and Iff ByCold in NuTi^mWr 17^1, holding' 
both liviugs till 17^)3, wht-n hv rt-ei^ea 
Broughton in fat-our of Lin Min NAtlianicl; 
be roarriyd, on J^i Nov. I7l>1, ^Vnn, daHgli- 
tt:i-of ICiciurd Walker of H a r borough, and 
died il( Byfield nn 'j^t May 17<!-i. KUjutlntti, 
married, JO Aug. 1 7W, Fmticis tin«trell [ij. r.l 
buhop of Chester, nud diod on i Feb. ITOL 





Maple toft 







In ITlfl MnpIt^nfV travt- Ir* hUi wm Joint n 
copy of Nirliola* KfTror'!i ' IlHrmoiiies' ifnr- 
ncrij in tlie paaaewiinu rtf his aunt, Mair 
Collet ), lo be 'pteaerved in ibo faroUy aa long 
Ml mai' be.' It now belongs to bis descend* 
«ni. VIt. 11. Mupliioft Davis of New South 
Wal«s. Anotb«r copy which had b«>l(nig^ 
to his mother i« nwr in the poMei<»ii!n of 
^iu llpmincor tlillingOoa Hill, Oxbridge, 
dan^tT of MnnlMoft H grMl-ii«ph«(ir. 

or Majiltfiofl » iliHinlfreMMlueaa and liu- 
fluiuiy Wiinl givM a bMutifiil picture, ilia 
leamiDe waa contiideniblo. llesideA a knov- 
ledce of ihe plasMfal langua^r^ he was ac- 
qiiaiDt«>d with French. ItiiJmn, and i^nisli. 
Se l> nid to have translated fmni hnglish 
into Latin his friend SyditnlianrK Mlbn-rvH- 
ttODM Mi>diciR,* piibltKlim] iii Ift'ft (which 
«•• dedicaltf] M liiiu bv the aiithorj, and 
all that Umatninrd in tfa- t-djri'inof SjJkh- 
liain** worVs pubEisbod in I >iS3, n-iib the «■:(- 
eeptiaa of ifae tr«atis» ■ !>•> Hydntiw.' Thi> 
extent oThis share in Sydenham '<■ works has 
b«en qitMliaiiTd. W«tt tfiil'l. //ri'DnlncM 
the 'Obi<T\'ali'>iiiu! .MrwiicT-' ikinntiL' Miiiil(>- 
tAft's worlcA. nrliili' on <h>< othnr bnnd it liaa 
Itom ditntMl thnt Srdnnbiun oriiriniillr vnvitc 
in Engii«ii {»'. G^f- 3ttwj. ITli* pp.' t«l 6, 
1743 pp. £3s-(t; and in I'iCiKD, Sy/UnAam, 

pp. iiit-aei. 

Ulnplptoft'fi publi»hpd vrorks, apart from 
■inalk »*rrjonii, iiicln.Ur : J, ' SoVct l*ro- 
rem' (anon.), London, 1707. i. 'The 
Prinnpl<4 and Dutim of tho Chriatian Rpti- 
gion . . . with a Olloetton of auitAblc IW 
-rvtioa*' [olvo iMUL-d aeporntclv'it I-^ndoD, 
1710.1712,1719. 3.'WUdomfr»mAbov«' 
(anon.), London, 171-1, 2nd part, 1717. 
4. ' Placita I*riBciM]i«, evu Si-ntuntia: p«ni- 
til«ail>raoialicts ifTi I'octia,' Ivondon, 1714. 
6. ' PlKita PnaciMba ut Concilia, mu S«a- 
tfintin p«ruti)ce i'hiloeopboruni ,' London, 
1717, L73I. Tho last two are selections from 
Oraek authors with Latjn translations, and 
were Rpnnti'd in 1731. 

In Appendix x\. 1o WanlV 'Livra' (p. 
130) are pditteii ihrtH! l^tin U-cluie« by 
Uapletoft on tliL' iiri^n of ih<! art <if uimII- 
cina aad the bitiory of its ioventtait. uuder 
th« title ' PnrWiionpB in Oollei^ia Oreaba- 
mnDS, Anno Dom. 1675,' and in the Oam- 
brid^ Unirrnity Librarv {MS. 3I8&) is 
*Th<- tnaagiiral lA-diin; of u Ombam I*n^ 
Inaor' (I^tin), prntiahlT MapltiboA'ii. Hu 
vnte tin? epitaim for the nxwiiinrot la his 
friend Isaac Oarruv in Wealininalcr Abbt'y. 

[Ward'* Lire* of lbs ProAMon cf Grwhom 
CbUa^ (c<^ in ^"*- Hni, inUi maniweript ad- 
dlliam^ li. 27:t-9: Jitvn>UTt\ Rapactarinni, 
E. SM,ii. 104, M<: Walrii's AluianiWMtiacMne- 
miaaawt, pp. 30. 130^1 ; Tria. OM. Kag. and 

Bunat's books, per t hi) Mastery I'vetcr'* .Alumoi 
U«>D. I5i>l)-17H; FoBteiTs AJiiiimiuiH t-.Griiy'a 
Ina; AMit. MS.'i. 6%4S fT. 211. 2(;<i, SIO, 4GI, 
151(14 f. 'Hi (Hcpouni of I'Uii'tinn lo i^rMhaai 
CoHejpi). 5876 f- 3B. 13610; Hisi. JiS.-*. Comtn. 
3rd Hep. A[)p. pp. 32-3 : ton B-iumf *• J,if«i of 
I,ockc.i, 211-12,311); Ultn^ ftnni l>vkn and 
Xolson to Maph-iJil^ in Addii. Ks. UIDI. It. 
246-9. and iu EuiupMii Mac. 17Stl aivl I78ffi 
NacnM of Cooiinivii'inm cif ORvoirich Jlo>p. i 
l>JQ«nt'i t!ycloiih«iii, pp. S'.l. fil ; Svionhtiii'a 
W^rks, cU. Sir,m, 1783, pp. ii, 'J37 ;' Uridgasa 
h'onhainptfiniliirc, i. 4(I7, ii. 13-14; Biroh'a 
lliKi. or KuyHl S)C. iii. 371 »t aeq.; Liiisof tho 
Koya] Six'. ; JUcCliun'a CItaiiter In I'lnjibah 
I'hurrh Hlti, pp. a, B. SS-SSi Hninfihrojt* Hist, 
Ai-vounL of &3C. for Fropasilion of tbv OiMpd, 
pp. xlx. IS. I9i liaadiaj'a Hial. of Siun Collcga, 
pp. L';>, 29. n, 44, 4S. 49 ; vtll [31)8. Backing- 
hniti) in SomPTMt llotuui; li!oincti^'« Qdlact* 
Cjmtwl.r. p. SO ; Hnrlnikn Sne. Puhlieiition.t.xaiv. 
148. 240 ; M8. Art Knot aiid Knrri^v of DoMora' 
Cumuiobs.lnLantbeihPalaiwLttiniT;'; fi-ckard'a 
Muinoirs of Frrrar : Mayor** CanbridKB in the 
i;th Ci^nt. i. 203-1, 3M; ArehaMlniH'i. 
103-4; [Jnlkcit aad i^Dg> Did. of Anon, and 
Pirudoii. IM.; Coxa'* Cat,«f M8S. in KudliHan 
Libr. ; parmh rrg, of Brouehloa ; iDforinatioo 
frara the R«T. J. Jtidgwity Uakeirill of Ke»y- 
hrn>k«. tho Itor. I-'. 11. Curgvnwn of llTHeld, 
uud CapUin J. V.. .Adandl tC P. 

MAPLETOFT, KOUKKT (1600-1677), 
d<_-an of Klv, son of tlufih Mapleloft., r«ctot 
of .\o«li TfiofMby, l.incolnidiirf, w«« horn at 
thdt plaoo on 'dn Jnn. KUH), und oducatvd at 
tb« ip-aminar acliool at Loutb. 1[« wa* ad- 
mi tl>'d a »ijear nf Qui>i'na' Calb'fi<>, Cambridge, 
oil ii Mar HWo, and (tradoatt-d B.A. in l*i2S, 

M.A. ifiii'.lJ.l). leay, ifiw. lie wa« 

eli-ciiHl fcUow of Pembroke CoUtiKc on lilJan. 
1(130-1, and buvame chaplain LoilinhiipMat- 
ihitw Wren, who till his death vu bia linn 
friend nnU palTon. On Wrtn's rccommenda- 
liou ht! was pr<^«eDti;d (o the rvctorv of Uart- 
Iqtt, Cambridgicahirc, by Chiirk-* t in \G3li, 
tlie king oxercising tli« pBtrunaj;^■ by roasoB 
oftbroHtlawryafthcpalrun, II. lliiddl<«taR 
(Ktmkk. xs.SDtl). ArtlmparliamiinLaryviai* 
lAt irjn of thi- uuivmraily in l044 he was t^ectvd 
a»a inaliimnnt and a loyolitt. Afterbuejec- 
t.ioti, we an.' (old, he ' Uvod as pnvaiely and 
quietly ns he could.' ftuding sheller at one 
lime in the house of .Sir Itobcrt Shirley iu 
Lvicostetshirc, wh(?re hu made ibo acuuaint- 
ance of Sheldon, nflrrwanls archhisfiup of 
Contvrbury. Paring the protecJoraio bi- ulB- 
ciatcd fir st>ni« timn tn a private coiii;r<^a> 
linn in Lincnln, arconlini; lo ib« riiual of 
the L'lmri^liof England. 'Ifaing ditw«t?nJ, hn 
waalik« tocoaio into aonu trouble, bittcama 
offaafe when it became known ihuT hit con- 
gregation liad made a rDnsidetable purw for 
him, which he would not accept {Baker 


MSS, xxxvi. 103). At ibe Kedtorntion lie 
remivml iliu devPtHe of D.l). by royiil man- 
dau-, i>^ Jnn. 1660. ' on nccoimi of Ilia feiiSvr- 
in(rsaailliisaervicri«lo ihecIiHrch during the 
recent troubtps'(Ki;sx»;Tr, /WMff. T-^i-"*). 
■nclon iSAiij;. lii.'wmrirf.'H'ntci^ by ibu crown 
to thi' wiibdiviniTT tif tjitu'olii CntliMml nnJ 

till! Jilr-lB-fltlnl slrtll of f'liftnii, Biid ou H Dw. 

rw^-piviril lb>" uiiuitt'r>!iip of ihu Siijliil ITnii- 
piial. Wliile .*uhiii'an up wa-i involved ill » 
tireitoDie di§pii!L' with the pract-nlor of the 
cathedral, .lolin I''ent!ey fcj, t.], wilti reffard 
to name cngiifuliir flpgtnitiTinaiit*, and whs 
nttnckt'd liy him in n vinilunt tmct enlitlM 
'Spciculiim MtL|>l>it.i:>niniuirii,' wtiicli pxIkIk in 
niiiiiiiBCri{iT> nitiuiig thr rtutplhr i]i>ciiini-ntii. 
A« nmstiT af tlw Si>ilfil Ilusiuiiil lii! uxiirtml 
himself vigorously for tho fHvivul of tbal 
corety abused and pract.icAllvdL^funct charily. 

in com'unctton witu Uernn Michiii>I llmivwaod 

' " .] A bill in ohnnctTj was cxiiibtled in 

: agftittBt Sir Jobti U'my fnr tJic rvatiwa- 

tioR nf till' i>«lrili», niicl Miiiili-lofl ivt Iiik im-ii 
•XjHiiUM n'btiilt iliitdi'miilielmd diiini'l iinil in- 
ennsfiditM r<-\(!tiiitts, ■"uliiiiK'^''*^ otHu-t' rnlluT 
one of ex]v.-n»c ihuii itmoluniynt (Jt^ortatmd 
Paptrt iij the .■luMcintof ArchiltftHrat S«f. 
for I8!>0, pji. 285-8, 298). He also received 
fromthu cro\vnThp livin^nfCiayworlh. .Vot- 
tingtiumithiro, wbirli in IKTl' he (•xobnni'iid 
for Ihr colt^'fl^' liyinfT nf Sobam, nfae Kly, 
roaigninfT biji ft-lIowshi|i. Hl> wm iinmiiMt^d 
mOAtor of hi^ coltetfo ( P^mbrnlf if >, but he 
fttkived in fflvouidf Mark Frank [q. v.], whom 
ho «ico^(v!.'rf at wsetor in IBftl. Ilf bold the 
oRifo, tfigi't liT with lb" benefice nf S»hon), 
till his donth. lie t^rvtiA as vic"-fbfliii"* 
inlli'l. riownflmiidrtdoiwiof Klv on 7 A hit. 
1867,hoIdiiig tho Bubd^auMV of l-'meAln with 
tll« deaiiery till lfI71. Wb'on in 1608 Anuc 
Hyde,duobi.'*i of York [q.v.!, Ix-piii tom'nviT 
in hoTAllpffiaiiri? to the cJiiirch of Knjjland, 
Maplffloft wiM n<ci>innit<niK-d n» \n-T cbnpUiii 
kyuiaold itriend }Jhrldi>n,a«'a primitivi- nnd 
a^MMtoIicol divine," who*!.' iofliUMiw might prw 
vent b0r»w>Miiii>n, Feeling himHolf 'unfit f"r 
*ourt lifo.'hewas roluetanc touudiMlaliatkf! 
officf, and ill 1H70 thv duclwas opoolv joined 
tlu) church of llotnn. lie diml on SO Aiu, 
1677 in the Duut«r's lodffv 4t Pvmbroko. auu, 
bj hia dasirVf wa« buried in the clinix-l, noar 
th« ffTAvir of bia patron, Bithoii Wrun. It i* 
recorded of hitn that ' wkixrvvDr he resided 
ha kopt a |(oo<) (Able, asd had ib«< jfijuiMal 
reputation of a p!oas and charitable man.' 
In pOTw^ he wa# cxtxcdingly lIuDi ' vir valde 
tnacileiitus.' Uo wiu> coit*in lo Niekolaa 
F«rrar [^. t.]i and was ' one that had a Ions 
•nd Ipacial tntimato acquaiutaa<s< wrilb him? 
He WM a froquoat visitor at Liltlo (iiddinir, 
Huutin^oiuhiiv, and on Ferrar'a death ba 

prciichvd the funeral trrmaa and oSlctaied at 
thi-fiin<'ral. IliAlinitlier.Jatiliiia Mapletoft, 
nmrrii-d Smmnnn. C'l.lluli. I'errar'a nieop, and 
was falln^r of .Tohu Ifaplctoft 'n. v.] Blaiil^ 
tolt himself WHS unmarried, liy his will he 
beqtiealhtd his library, the 'small rcavrraa 
from the late plundering time*.' and \O0L CO 
Ely Cathedraf, and thi.- unnut sum Cu poor 
widow'K (if rli^Tyy iu tJiK ditii'tMH'. tie also 
rounded a catiM'lii-tinil Inclureal lhecolIef|e> 
111' QuiTiw' nud Pnmbnike, C'ambrjd^, and 
■jji'Mv ».c!inols'at his native parish of Tho- 
rusbv and ai Lnuth, to pre[>ar« bnys for the 
f^mmar school ai thiit (own, now roiivert«iI 
into ecbnlurshipB at those pinces. 

[Cok' MSS. six. 127n; Bnk*r MfW. ssxvi. 
IO».xxiviii, IBl; Li^aiidovur MS.-?. 989. No. 08, 
f.2I4; Hurl. Ma 7*11, P!'. H'iU.243.1 K V. 

! IUARiEa^RLsop. [SveCactiaiXK,KonBKT, 
I E&RT. OF M.iR, <i. 141^2: Ei»kixi:,Joiln% first 
or eixtk E.iitL vt the Erahin«- tine, d. }'>~'2 ; 
KESKiyE, .Joiiy, second <iv sov/inth Kaill, 
ir>r,S-lG:U-. 1ClMlCt!ce,J'>iiN,ciTtlior<!letcnth 
I^iiu., ItlT-VI'S^i SiKivAKT, Joas, E*.Bt. or 
Mail. <i. Uru.l 

MAR, DOiN ALI>. tent h H.ABi.or(d. 1 iW). 
wna the son of Williiito, ninth earl fq. v.j. 
and Klimlx'th Cotnvn, hia tirat wif". Hn wa» 
litughlod by .Muxaiidcr III ul Soone iu VJ70, 
anA ntecti-Ai^d a» oarl boforo 2'> July 12*11, 
wht?n ho iflok oatli at Uoxburph to obaenv 
the iri'ntv for thi* marriape of Princes Mar- 
paret of feootloml niid Eric, king of Norway. 
At .Scone in ll'Hl he simitarly undertook to 
a<-knowl^il^ tbi>ir dAiif*htivr, tb» Maid of 
NnrwaT, aBijUf^-n of Sditland in tho crnnt 
of .\lcKitndcr']i death, and in M!8ti he unit4d 
with tlui oomraunilv of Scotlflnd in r»coin- 
mondiiijr to Edward I of England the mot^ 
rtn^vof the Prince of Waletiand tliu Maid of 
.Nrinvny. This was affrec'd tn, and tli» mar- 
riiu;i> armufted at llirifham, UorwickeliinN, in 
July liW). ill a tn'nty to which ilsr was a 
party. Albert liu death of tho Maid of Xor- 
ivay. wlipu diflvrMit claimiints nppcnrvd for 
llie Scfittifh crown, .Mar united in the Sootjr' 
appeal to Edward to he their arbiter. PtiraoB- 
oily he supported the claim uf li-.<beH Bnwe, 
whose son, the future kiiiir, tuarriud his dau^h- 
tor Isabel, aadwhotwdaufthter.t'lirisiiau, mur- 
lied hia son, Gratna^. Ho swon aUc^panoa 
to Edward at Upsettm^on. Barwiokikire,on 
IS June 1^1, and was a wttooM to Edward's 
protest at Berwick a» to hi» chum to Im; lord 
SUperiorof Si-otlnnd. Undtr Edward'a auao- 
rainty he held tim oSict! of bailie of Aboyne. 
In lAM Mar, with other Scottialt nob1ea,waa 
sunuDoncd to Landoo to attend Edward on 
(arvifn) service. Ratlior than obey thoy re- 
volted. But after the b&ttio of Dunbar, in 








1396, Mir CBBM to Edwud at MantTOM.ftnd 
mftcT\ranb aware fwll^ agnin ttt Brrvrick. 
lis wsa, OotwillutMuUng, Auriad prismicf 
u> Eaii'luid. but wtis fele«»ed on pAroI«, 
SS Ju« ]:{97, in order to viut St^tlnnd, 
Edvnud al the Mim« time exattin^ from liim 
ft picdp) ihflt lio woutil furvK him ssninsc 
Franc*, lie (lic<l nhoiit l.hi* lime, i<«vinK « 
son and nu^ccuor.Oratni^, oWnnth t<nrl of 

w«nt to Scotland in 1.^37 for asiistanea to 
TvpUco f^i]«-Anl III upon hie t Krone, but in- 
ttciid of bringing hiAp In? jtilni'd tb^ Scola 
in thpiT wild of rhftt vnar tn Hvland Al>Wj 
in V(>^kllhirl^, and waa drclniv^ a r«t>«l br 
Edward. Mar now r&maincd in ScotUad, 
and a^umed his position M one of iho WTen 
«ftrl». Hi> hail KTsnU of landa from Bruco 
tbfre in \S-2>i 4)id 13-J9. and aftw the dcatb 

Mar, and father of iMnnld, twelfth onrl of j of ICandolph, itU July 133:^, hi wao cboMD 
Mar r^. v.h he aldo Utt twu dauglit<-rs, Lm- ' n^nt of &»>lland. But be only livid iIm 
l»l, wife "1 Rob*rt tire Brucp, and, Jliiry, who I tionoiir ten days. Edward Baliol lauded in 
BiArtii.^ K^iUK-lb. earl uf Sullicrlaud. I Scvllond the very duv of bia appointmeot, 

[Bain'a Calradar uf JXtcumoau nlmiog to ' and, Mar took coumaml of tho ScutlUh faroe 
SeoU&ad, to], ii. pnwum ; iLntiqtiilica it Ali«r- i "wliicli watt mivii.'d In mti-t UJia, a post for 
dMashiPt (Spalduf Clab). ir. IQS, $00, S99- wbioli bt? wu iiu nav tjualilicJ. Tbc IttttJa 
70* ; RTBiera Padm, i. SM. 638, 7S0-74, 791, j was fought ou Au>. ut Dii|>|>lin Moor In 

KAR, DONALD, twclflli Kahl or. m-b^ ruiiti-dby UHltt'l'^of iiirc?etliiiiiHaod,and 

{1993?-13S^t, was the son of Gnitney, I biiiu>clfeUiii, lIi:leftaTCidow,l»obt.-lStewan, 

«]evenlh «arl, tmd I^udy Chriatian Bnicc, whoLadlwooib'-rhiiBbamU.GfofrcydcMoa- 

aiater nf Kine KoVrt Itmce. He wax pro- bmy, wbcna iilio divntvrd, nnd Kir William 

bablT born aboal 1:^1)3 i [-'k.\si;r, Ilci fionk Cnnwell; alwia^oii.Thiiinui. wliofiiccdt^lcd 

yf MtiUeith, vol. i.p. Usx), liiafalhnr sa lliirlrHrulti earl of Mar <i. v. , atiiln dnugli- 

dicd about 13(hi, be waa but a younn bny ai ler, Marjtatrt, wlm siiavi^lwl iu> 1 'nuiiteM of 

Ibe time of bi« sitcceasioo. After (be defeat Mar after ber brMlber's duaili, and married 

«f Brajoo at Methvcn in 1300. alimg with William, firsi earl of Dauglaa [q, v.] 
odien, Mar wMbroiifrht to Edward in lokcn i iHi»in-. Ciilfn.lrtr ..f Docuwwot* TcUtinR to 

of MifamiMinn. and wm cninod pnj^ner to 8«.tland. wl. iii. ftwim: Anti(|ailiM of AL«. 

England, ychm; in rwpect of hiit timd-T apr, dMOHhira (SpaWiiiB Cluti). iv. »«8-73« ; Art* of 

lie WU eniniMiJ Ui ihi! custody of ibx tlw ('nrtianwinaof Scotland,!. I3.»7.] H.P. 
'SUttm of Cbenter, firat in the casib- of 

BrwM.and afterwaTds at the bisliopA i>wn MAB, THOMAS, thtnecntb Fakl of 

ItOUMC, with auilable atteodaiila (Paiorayi:, (i/. 1377).wnatlif ^finof Dnunld, Iwi'lftbcail 

lor vbicli be r^Tivnl fifti-i-n ]«'no' jii-rdiiy «■ 
wana. Duriiiu thin liw lie in i»-vrr .'lyli^l 
nan, but Diinjily Iloitald of .Mar. Hi- nit> 
ihr owDpr of a trading veuel there call<^ 
Ia ftliifa«. 

After tbe battle of liannockbum, in 131-1, 
Mar and hi» molher. with ItritcoV wife and 
dauflbter, and Wiiihnrt, tji*bn{i nf 01iM(row, 

111 Newawilr in ISfil to treiit for peate witU 
Knglanil, and for the Teleuje of David II, 
and was also one of ibe lia«ln;:;i-H fi)r the pay- 
ment of liii ninncnn. In 13-Vt be waa ap* 
pninted grpat chamberlain of ScotUnd, bat 
ui>k) the olfice only ainut a juar. Ho »n- 
ler^ into nn nL'ri>i>nient with Hdward III 
of Eniftan'! at \\'»t Hiiniter {2A IVb. 13u9) 

w«e exchaii){R) for the l-jirl dI Hcn-fiml. ; ubi-mby lie pnimiKed tu remain with and 
Edward's brolher-in-law.n'h»hiidljri-Tituki'n fnilhfiiUy wrveihe kinir i^f KnRlaiid against 
misonerbj UuScoUal Bolbwell. Itiit ubiin all the worldf David, king of Scots, excvpt«d) 
Kvwcaatle wh nadbed in their Journey to in return for a pcniiion of six hundred merlu 
8cocJand Mar turaed bach, prefemng to re- stsrling yearly, with eom pen wit ion if on 

main in kn|fla»d {CJtronieon A- Lnnnff-tt. 
p. 2-i9>. IIv paid riaita to SmlUnd in 1318 
■od 1323. Bat to *nc<oaraga him tn remain 
in his aerii<^i Edward eonferml uiion liira 
rarir,iis pranu of Urnla and wnrdaliipt, in- 
rlndini; tliemaoor of l^ngbyninfilon in 

aroiini of thi« >frreetn''nt h<< Khoiild luiio his 
Seolti»hwtntiw(«o/«/('.*»tfJi», i. Ktll). Aft«w 
lliin data he only owaMonully ep[>ean in 
Sent land. 

Iharid II in 1361 aeUed liar's caalle of 
Kildrununj (Wrvrowx, Vnmykil, lib, viii. 

cnlnahirv. and in I3:>1 appnintrd him kewner cap. xlv. 11. U3-:>8). ApcordiDg to 'Scalk- 
t>f Ni>wark(.'astIe(M>in«eAlJic Bri-rAlCaMie), I croniea' (pi>. SOJ, i'03\ the seizim was doo 
which hp )»eld for the king till l.ti'41. when , to a cjiianvl arUiiiir nut of a xiiifjli' (u>nibiC 
k« drliveriMl It np to (jiM^'ii lwV»>[la and | bclwren Mar and Sir William Knith (rf. 
Loid Mortimer (S^Utervntea, p. 151 J. He : 1407?) {%■ t.] at l^dinbtirgh, when Mar ae- 

oiumI tbe liti^ of undulir favoofltig Keitb. 
He wiu> to reccavA back the casUe upon psy- 
ment of l.OOO/. 8cote at tbe expiry of fii-e 
yearst iind during llinl ponnd, at Iciutf it ro 
maincd in the bs-mU oflki: king (EtcAeyuer 
lioil" ofScotUtnd, ii. 184, 166). 

Flrlwv«n 1S67 anil I-ITR Mnr ha<1 numct- 
rnuH jtAiHSiiotta from KiInurLl fur j»tiriii:y!i 
tiir>>uj;U Eiiftland au'i |)ili,-riitia):ii3 tu Friuwre 
and dsewhere, nml nUit fcr tlie transit <if 
hnrees and cattlis in wliicli he 8>M.'iua lo 
have tn&ch^ { IlotuU fkotitt, i. 4T].t07- 
9(S0 (xLviini I. He nllcniJcd so littlt^ lo tiii* 
Scotti^^ll iliilir.'* llint. tlif pnrliarnttit in ISHft 
dmlnrr-Ll liini to lif coin umiuri'ii inly ii)u>(tiiI. 

iAefJi <if the Pnrluinit^tt of Smttamf, 1. 
40), anil on bis ncxi vixJt lu SLMikntl, iu 
the followUisr year, hi- wna nrrp*ttil imd tiu- 
nriiioiieil in lue ilas* (E-ir/ierjuer It'ijtt, ii. 
3a7>. In 1 hut year (i37(Ji, howt-ver. Ilavid Tl 
died, nn(^ Mnr was prr.^cnl" nt ficonc wi 
SrMarclil.'in.wbeii Itnberi 1 1 wrwcrownwl. 
and hu nltim?<1 hi* ufal to 1Iii^"!ih;cI nt tliiil 
dati', whirh ki'IIIciI tli» ortl'fr <il' slice raw inn. 
(^Acti iif yitrliitmn}!, i. I.**!). Ht* ftniiHli-d 
an lilt ar ill iln' irallii-dral olnirth wF AlK-Tdi-fii 
in bniKiur ot'St, Jamea {Antigitifleao/ Aier* 
tlteju^irt, i. 151). 

In l:tfi2 ihe «arl married Lady Martraret 
(<mhaDi, ctnintpK* of Jlpnti'itlr. nnd widiw 
of Sir .I'lliii Mfimy "f Itntliwull. Ilrrwrivcd 
a ilijjH'tmalioii from Pojmi Clt'itn-iil Vt iti 
thai v<'ar. and anotUi-r frmn Vu\w Inno- 
neni VI in \3M {FttAftiR.Jirfi JSoak i/;1/ch. 
tti'tfi. i. 1 21 aO). Hut he divorpi-d thi& lady 
' al \hi> initipition of tho diivil." Rnys Kiir- 
dun'g 'Cortinimtnr,' and u|"in I'litirtly IiiIbo 

grotencfH ( l-VniiniK, I'd. Uixidiill, ii.' irrfi). 
he had nu diildn^i liy liiiii. Hit marrii'd, 
MtC'indly, Liidy Marjciiri't Stcwhrt, ("miiiL'ji* 
of Angi]B,litit ntitln-Tlind h<- unyiMiit )iy 
her. and i>n bin donih in 1377 the mala lin-.' 
at the Collio oaHs nf Mar Mid«d. l\» vn» 
suooeedcd in tlip cnrklom by bia aister ^iar> 
IfAnt, conntoei) nt' Duiip^las. 

(KyincrV I'a-dwn, iir.OSO-BOO; Bbiii'b Cilon- 
dAr oV lliiiMiinnfitit rplntitiff to So'i^lJnnd, va\. id. 
>0. 16-JSJ. to!. W. Sn», ST. 110, U)l, 164; Anti- 
qTiitit.'a uf ALerdi><D'Dtliir(i. vole. i~ic. pciuim.l 

H. P. 
MAB, Wn-LIAM, nintli Eahi. op 
(AISSI J').T(-a*th"«onof DuTK'an,oiRlithBftr! 
of Miir, and pr«nd:.fin of MnrprtiTid, fiftli .-iiri. 
he at(>,'»*<'d nl Vorli t.!n' Mc»*''iwi'iit l<(-tw*H>n 
HeIl^^■ III of Kii)(l»iid und AlnxnndiT II of 
Scntland, Ilia riytil itf nucPiMwinn wn* on- 
ttwlr-il liv AUii lliirwnrd, who asaertt'il rhat 
Williiiiii'* fnlliiT and (rrandfsthpr were boih 
of itK-eititniLti' l>irlh, mtd thnt lip (iU(;ht I-i 
succeed «» lawful heir. liul opparpnlly the 

' caw waa uxanffed oatlwfootinfcoranagnge- 

' tn«ut -irhich hM been made about V22H with 
Thomas Durward, father of AUu, who re- 

; ccivsd a lafvaacceMaon'of territory in Mar; 
and the earldom r«mainiol with William ie 
Mar. In 1:^19, dnrin^ tfao minoritV'of Alox- 
andtir ni.hcnaaDjiiioinlvdoncof tlii; rtigiintA 
of ticotUJid, Hi; lii-Id tJiv oBioc of enat 
chamberlain of Scuthtnil from 12J>2 to 1255, 
in nhtcli5«ar, owiiiK <^ ixihtical dinicnaiotia. 
he was removed frum iliu ffOTemmeut, and 

. rcMrciri-dpemiiaaJon frwiHrnrYtosojourDfbr 

I n tiiuc in Lng-Iand. In 12&^ he was a party 
to the treaty bclwcrn aomooTtho Scot* ancl 
lJcwidlTn,princci>rWa]ra,iif>t to itiskr peace 
ivith ifi'tiry n-iihiiiil i-atli 'nlhcr'n coasent 
(KrinEB, Ftnlrrii. x. 370). But in llw vamn 
year he waa reappoiuied oiif of the Scnituih 
regi'nts, and ilit^y T«ceiTrd The proiuiae of 

, Henry's snpitort so long ba they acted rifihl- 
eo(ii>Iy. llcacnin hccanic great chamberlain 
of Si-tiilnnd in I:J<1:', and continued in the 
ollio- till I2l.i7. llewn# nl^onhtirifrof l>uni- 
haricinKhirf.. .'\ft<*r tlie liaLlhi of I.Arn in 

, 12tS;i ht wa* ftwit by .\lfKaiid«- III with a 
luiliiary force to FL-ducf th« clipf* of tin- 

i "Westt^rn Isles who had supporti'd ICoco, 
king of Knrwny. Jlewssstill alive in 127'I, 
hut iniisl hnvediwi in or hef<jrp 1281. lie 
inarri«il Kliwiheth, diinghtcr of William 
CoRiyii, iiarl of ItiK'.huu. by whom hu had 
iwii inn*., DiiiiiLid, ti'nili i-arl [<]- v.], who 
aucceedifd, and Dnm'un; aiid aflvr Ikt dimlb 
he married an EiitflUh Indy. Muriel, unind- 
dinichler and niip of the heiresses nf Koluirt 
de Muefhaninp, wliiwe barony lay in the t*« 
iif Ddrlmm. hui hiid no issne bv her. She 
di'id ill !'.'»] I ItAisc, iVf>rM Durham, p. 3tt7). 
[Vain's Ciilondar of Do(]iiTiii'nii> n.'l«lin^ to 
Smthirid. vol, i. fAHmiii. vol. tj. Krm. 201, i??, 

I .^4-1 : Aiiiit|uitiNi of AlMiriin>iii>hiivi, mlo. i-ir. 
]in«-iiii ; I^ichcqiipr HolU if Scotland, i. Ixv, 10, 
II. 31), ii. cXKi; It/iiici-B Fredtn. i. 319, MX. 
iif. 41)2.] H. P. 

KITH (1749-1K33), \o<!alist, ilaugbler of 
■lohaiin Scfaineiing, inusician. was bom at 
CauBpI on an Kcib, i7-ll>, ,\r n very early 
tif!t< Khi> pliiyod ihit violin, and hi>r father, 
after cvhibilinjr Iht nt Fninhfort, Vienna, 
and nther plnot-it, ox a. prodigy-, hmught har 
when only ttii i.i Limdon. and tlvi thore a(- 
trneti'd grc-at attention. To the eiirly prac- 
tice of t ]\p viniin she uiVprwdrdB att rihntt^ hiw 
wonderful pictneM of intnnnllon (lUcoy}; 
but bv!hcndvi(-f of KAinoKngliah Iadii.-«, wbi> 
thuiight ihx initnini'.'nl: 'uiif^tninine,' ihti 
pavi> it up in fnvonr of einjiing. r?liv waa 

SInred under an Italian inaator nonK^d I^ura^ 
iai, with whi>m i<ho made pvat profcnsBt 
but whoao pr«fli|{nte cbaractor aoun rvadand 






tirvmnoTal nrar»UT. Recumiitf; to Onac]. 
llii- tnt\iri tm-H Xki grt bcT an cnngemcnt Rt 
thr' Bcrlinc<)un,butl''r<?d«nckll,naTingui 
ftuti|ulh« tn QeRDUi «ing«n, dMlinnd to An- 
tcnainilie ait^ilicttioii. An«rHM>n4lin|^ fi\'e 
jcom at UUler'a uatletnT «t tjeiyiag, Kite 
eai(*r^(l with a TOicn ' rviturksbli! for ici ex- 
teniand tiMuly.a^TMt IcunwItKlffe of latuk, 
KDi) n )inlli«i( slv^of stuping.' She wu tha 
dm inT'iiliiiigvrtluit Uennnii v had produoi^. 
] liT crirnpus extvadeil from tlie iui<ldlo U to 
Kin ail. 

beiBfr pvisiMded to hiarbw on hn return lo 
Tlerlin in 1T71. wa« *o plenaoA willi the pwr- 
tonauiee tliat lie en^^^'d )icr lor life to uni* 
at conrt, at & ulnrv of 11,'ifiO francs. A 
TioloaC9llx>-ptiii'i>rnniii«)Jo]LaDn Mnrnciimn 
U> Borlin nt thin tiai«, nnd tbi^ two tn^'linf; 
iwmfciiiiiillj' ■! Il r cimccn i, m1i« mar- 
ried him i& »pilc of tJin kitifr'n vntminga and 
|ifOimi. Uarawacn man of diuipiilod aud 
vieiooa ffameUtr, «iid Iipt tanrrii^d Hf<.' wss 
extreinelv unlisppv. Pivderick proved an 
exsctinff nanler, and th^ Alorv u told that 
« bod; of Mldiore actiti^ undvr his ordem 
draggsd harfram h«r bed on on« occasion and 
cofB]>«IIM h^rloeiD),'nl tlte«pent,thoiitr'i'l"^ 
wa» romiilnininj;, truly or iminilr, of iUiH-sa 
( Ed WARPfl I. Afior KVDi) y*an in'lJurliti, elit- 
vra* oiTirrrd nn i-ngngmiMrnl in London, and 
tb« kins di.-QUnin^ lo annul liuT Contract, »li^ 
mad« li^ nctpc witb ber buelwid,aud with 
•on« dilSccilt; Kacbed Vi^rona, wlivr« »li« 
rMiiaine<J for two rear«, siii>,'iii;; frvuiiintly in 
p^dic. 8ii« then b<-fi;au a tour in ticrmiiny, 
Hol]aiid,aDd XtulpuDi. Moiun l^-nnl lit-r ol 
Munich, but nrcords in alrttt-r thai 'iJit- bud 
Dol the Rood forianr to j^Ichh- nnr.' After 
■UothtT lirtirf nnjrium in \ iriinn, tbi; rfoclttid 
Paria iu I78J. Tlicrw itln' found a rl\iil ill 
tbtr cei'bnitnl Tiidi, and nocjiilv was soou 
diri'W into factions over the mir. 

Madaiutt -Mara arrired in London in the 
■prinir of 17^, and nudo her first ajiix'nmnci' 
Hbr w»» nnc of the Tocnlists nt the llandvt 
Comiwitiiiratinn «l Wi-stminittiT AfcWy in 
i-^r&4, and nir*in in I7*^'>; nnd iu liK<i hlie 
Iter J^ntl on tbv lytiidon scitfce in a 
r'vi by TIoMtv. fnlilled ' Didouo Ab- 
nalo.' In March 1767 the took tbp 
lof (.*leo|>atrain Handel'* 'GiiilioCi'Mrc' 
vitb aoch bucccu thai tbe oppm won fr«- 
qttmll]rr<?|ipat«d dnrintr llti>«ea»nn. Ajn>^Jir- 
iag again in th" llandil fi-atitiO of iT^'T, 
ahowa* in thi-folli'in'inif ymr at llic caniiTnl 
at Ttirin, and in 17(iV at Venice'. Returning 
to Ijindnn iu 17110. «hii wa« nffain at Veuice 
in 17!ll, aft« wbidi alio came once moie to 

England, and remained tar t«n ynn. Duiw 
uigtbia period the nmSned henclf niaiiily to 
concert and oratorio <iiimr«QKnt«. NVlu.'n*&lu> 
It^, in im2. she tuok with her orvr IjOOO/. 
tt tha T««uli of a b-nelit oonNrt. llervoioe 
nriiK now gr^iihiidly luntng *tn'ne(h, and ake 
MittliHl ai MiiKciiw. Thnxinb tin- improvi- 
d«inci!F and dii9i[ini ion of ti<-r liuxliund and bia 
friends aliL- was sotiii without mi\)U8, and bad 
to Lako to leachiiiff. The burning o( Moacovr 
in IHlVniined hor. Komoring tirei to Iterel, 
I ehuin ISlfiri'tnnitxl laLondoiias a viwalist, 
nllhon^b ai ity-piiilii vvnte old, Hhv was an- 
naunc^ at ' u raatt ciilolimtml aingcr,' whrim 
h<.■ra^lt■*tV4!r>^not at liberty to namt!:' Imt 
vrlivn fdii! appt-artrd at tiie Kin?'* Tbi-atre it 
wail found tbut litT voIcl- vrn* viitiridy ^nc, 
andi^IiiMviisnirT^T heard aa:ain. Shi> n>liirai-d 
to Kevfl, where she died on l'U Jan. 1833. 
In IKtl lloplhti tJ-nt hera iii>tin forh^rbiith- 
dav, • Sjinjfn-irli war d<*in ivhrenwe^.' 
I MndiimiT Mara'a obilitinti n* a tinger won 
I of the vprv *nit ordor. H^r voiflc, cImt, 
' iiwi*i!t, diitini^t, wna anilii^ibntly poworfbl, 
thin^h rather t!un; and 'it* iifilitv and 
llex-ibiliiyrondi-r«d her^seellttit in brarura' 
I (Mor.VT-KiwcrjtBE). Shsna* an iiidiffvreat 
I fti?;t[VA), and hail a bad hpiire fur th« aiaf;». 
, VVbirti qiiiip a child h«T father u^fid to bind 
hnr to an anuchair while bp allo-ndtil to bix 
airuirsi, and )•> this cau»c waa attribut«xl bcr 
ntaklv C'lnslitiiti^jn. Th-rn- is a cnHcalurc 
in wbicli ah'? i» shown siiifriity nl a ' Wnppins 
C'ouc^tI ' itvaK-J, uud also a h.-ttur, in wbicn 
aliti ap<.di>Ki°^« f'-'f n'>t beiut; abW tv Bit on a 
platform tbruui;h<iul a (.-oncBrt (m* CiBoTR). 
The best portrait of her "us •■iiunt^i-d b^ 
Collror after 1*. Jean i an enKTHviiUT of tbm 
forms tlic frontispiece to llofjartli's " Mp- 
Rioin of the Musical Drnnw,' vol. i. 

[Aliiof^iiphyl'-yG. ('. Qro>Ji«im wiis publMi^d 
ni Coit^] in I8'J3. and anothf by Itoehlitz in 
hii tur Frvuniie iter TuBkimii. toI. i. S«e alio 
HoyartliB Momoini of the Alusiml Drama, ii. 
t85.2IS,tli: I^ird Mouni-lul^rnmbo'i Muiicsl 
TtcminiKcnm of an Old Ani«IFiir. pp. 69, M ; 
Uilllliuid'k Prannliu Miirur, ii. 839, wbieii i« 
itiJKCurit* in eom« farliculnt?; OrwT«'» D'lf 
tiomiry of Miwii?. ii. 2tW; I'MvjnUa Hiitory of 
iho OppRi. i. 2ai>, ii. 4; Bafon'c ElfimMiI* of 
i Voeal Soi^iiet^] J.C. H. 

; MARA. WtLUAMnBO*. 1280). TVan- 
ciscan, probably tiuiiietl at Oxfonl before be 
went to Paris, where he came iiiidpr tbo in- 
tliicncp of rtnnnrcnhira and ISo^r nacou. 

I In rjKl hi- published a criticism ofTliiunas 
,^c|uiniui, ealW ' Corrwri'irium,* or ' Itvptr^ 
hnntuiriiiin,' lh<' Hulwlnnrv of wliirh luu bMD 

I prinled several timM (nl Htrntbars. IQOI; 
CurdovB, 1701, Jtc-l with ilu> r»j5y lo it 
under tbe name »f .^Ggidiua Colonna. Wil- 

Mar beck 



li«in Bi^ai that, m t1i« ' pnneipiiun indi- 
Tijiidtionia ' is, aowirding to th/f ThomiBU, 
matUr, Mill not form, iiidiviilurility, ftccorrf- 
JDg La tli«in, cL>iue6 to ex'ut as saott m \hc 
soul leavM the body; in olher woirfs, the 
DoiBUiicaii sdinpl »iipport*d tlip Avprrwigtic 
hereby oS ihri uiiivoii^nl hiuI. Willinm nlco 
vrroto in iaTOur vfii elrict obecnanci- of th« 
nileof St.Froncis. Ilcdi"aiKft>rc !3IO.wliwi 
\ie WM claMvd willi BunnTcntiira, Pcckhum, 
tind othi-n iuhuuk thu ' svlemn muBtfra ' of 
lilt! ordt-r. AitKiQK lii" KXtniit workit aro : 
'CJii*Ht ioiies de >»iuni VirtutU," IJurney MS. 
Brit. UuHeiim, UW; onil ' Comuivoturii-^ on 
tli« flrst thivo booksof ih-e SciiioQccs.' munU' 
fchple of wlLJch am in ihc^ Lmircntiita Li- 
brary nt Flnrcncn, forracrlyin tIicFriinci«»ii 
library of SunUi Crwci-. 

riliiit. Lilt, dii FmncR. xxi. 2^9; tIniirAMii'* 
Pbllu»ul<llt(•:'>co1a^^tiqllr, ii. OQ. IHSU; Itanbolo- 
mow ol Piiii'a Libsr Ci)nforT(iilnriiin. ful. 81; 
Wmtiiirc'R Siipplcmoiitum ml .Scripiori-.', p, 32i) ; 
CbiLrW* RogiT Ilnci>n, p. 210 ; AnalccUi Fnin- 
oi»e»iiii, ii. n.'i.] A. Q, L. 

ISftfi?), iiULaiciiiii and Uii-'nlufiini, wiipi u liiy- 
clerk and uftivt^-ardi, in 1541, nritntiwt at 
Si. Oeor^f'm C'hnpel, WindsDr. (In Sept. 
IMO lie wrole oiU. ihe will nf William Tate, 
canon ofWmdsoniind ^igm-JliisniiiDc'Jolin 
Mcrbf.'clt'tAVM anil Q"fn>.'. ."iih wr. x, 55). 
From nn ■■nrly nin- h<- uludii'il ('Klvin'* wril.- 
irgn niid iidiipli-d Cithin's n-liiriim* vieAi'd. 
On 1(5 ■Marrli l.".42-3 (llie TliiinidHT befur-H 
Pnim SiniJay) (-niiimii*.HiiiinTti iirrivetj at 
Wiiidwir ta anarch for lifretical boaW In 
Marbeck'sboiue were found nol only writings 
aifainst tliH> ^ix Article' but malermlH for a 
mnonlntice of tlio Itible in Kn^lisb, npon 
wbicli hf) Imd been eiiga^d fnr six yean. 
Hi> WAN conKi'c J I Mint in Rtifit^y to 
l.ondcm nml I(Mlgi>d in t.lii^ MiLmbiiJtviL (cf. 
AcU of the Prii-y Seal, 15J2-T, \k m). B«- 
tween tht! dai<! of bis arrtst and Wliitauii- 
tidL> ho was flvelimi>soxnminiedby Gardiuer, 
bishop of Vt'incliePter, or his ap^'nta; and 
Gnrdiiicirslmqily r»'prinmnd*d him fcr^'nileH- 
Tourinp l.i.tsuptiraciln ibd Ijilin liiiigiiajrt' in 
nJiginim woDthiii by Iranglflfiiip hJB ooticnr- 
danci' inf" Eiifrliali. His wilV with dirtiimlty 
nbtnini'd pi-rmJuMon to visit him in nrison. 
Oil 26 duly IBJI he wan Bcnt tn Winder to 
1)« tried at ' aHi-'B^ii^n spi'oially jirnnur^d toltc 
bolden.' The indietmont chavp.Hl Marhoek 
with harinjT denonnped The masa in writinp, 
hilt Marbiiclt point.xl ont that llio susp-.-ck-d 
pniwir wan cripipd out of one <it' Unlviii'a 
pminth'ji Bfimc ypnr* hcfcirr! ihn priiiiiiil({iilifin 
of thp Sis Arti'i'lc'ji, which, it w-n* nlli'fii'd, it 
controvert>~d.'nposc-dof fanBcra 
■who ■n'l.'n,' it-uftTiU oflUL' cvUcgiatv church at 

Windsor, at Ar«t diaa^fwl retpoctinj^ Nar- 
bfwk*! guilt, but linilly dv^lored ngniiwi him. 
Ha wna condninned to «uirAr at tiMc make om 
the follflwinjrdnr, but Ciardinw.on ac«r>un(, 
il it iinid, of hi* n-pird for Xarlxlcli* miioica) 
toltiuta, obtained a myal pardon farhitu, and 
he waa »6t at liberty. Anthonj- P*ir»oB, 
Itobert Teitwrood, and Henry riliiur, tfarw 
of 3Iarbeok's Windsor friends and fvllow- 
jiriMoers wlioxrcro conticted at il» Mmo 
lini«, v/vm duly i'xecnletl. Msrbeek sup- 
ptiud an account of hi* pcraocution to Foxi 
who doEcribcd iho procrodintra at length ia 
Lis 'Acts and M'juunuuU,' but In-o curiout 
error in tbc fint c«lItioii of 1663 Foxe 
omitted mention o£ Marbvck'B pardon, and 
divcribrd him on liyinK in tlin company of 
I'l-ireiin and Test wood. Foxu made I he need- 
ful wirnici ion of ' Fikoer ' for ' ACarbeck ' in 
a concdudinff list of ' Fauti«e andoYcrsi];ht«fl 
escaped.' Tlic error, allhoufch it wna leuorcd 
iiilbt' second nnil liilrrvditionfi.lon^cxcitml 
the ridJciilc of Foxo's cnwaira. nnd Wiped lo 
diminish bin rupiitiitidn for hUlorical accu- 
itiCT (rf. ArU ami Monumrat*, i^d. Town*- 
«-nif, vi. 47l-f8. and sir an. Kose, JnHK). 

Mrirlif«:k cautiously abntnined from ajijr 
further diaplnv of liiart'lifcloua ticws till the 
acceasion of Edwanl VI. At If-ntrth, in 
July IfiGO, npp^iarfjd his 'Coiicordjict;: that 
i»to saic. a wtirlfc wlirrcin by tin' oriiro of 
the Ictfi-ni of t)i«- .\. Ii. ('. vr laiilf- redtdy 
finclp any wnrdv c.nnli'ijrnm in ihii wlioti* 
Bible ■!> (ifl*>n aM il is tlifi-n i-iprKftavd or 
meneioiied.' It waa prlntisd by [Ucb«rd 
Grafton, and wa* d«lica(i-d to I'Mnard V[. 
Alibotigh Marbeck asserts that b« bad ab- 
breviated hiti manuscript al th« printer's re- 
quest, the pnldiMH-d V(ihiin<» n'nchns ntjarl^ 
nine foliit pn|i:r<i, imil t-ach pa^i u 
dividwl intii thri'ii I'ldumTiN. Kt'ury word is 
fiillowi'd by its l.ittin cfjiiivali'ni. and iba 
i|un!atinns wi' lim-f. It wn.i iht' (.-arliwit 
ciiiicnrdanco lo chf wholo Knfjli^h Bible, 
fihliou^h Tbomiu (tibeon had jirodured in 
lo36 a cnncurdance to tlm New Teetamvat 
(cf. Tow.VELKV. Bill. ItitutmlioM, iiL II*- 

'I'lipTc followfil in thp unmo yuar th« book 
hy wliicli Mnrlwcit in bi'*-l known. *Tlii» 
lioki- lit Common Prnior nnWd ' ( Uiehard 
Graflon, 4to). It i* an adapation of tha 
plain chant of tliL' oarlifiT ritnaU to the 
first li^urcr^• of Kdwnrd VI, issued in I&49. 
Twocopieaare at J.nmbetb; on* in in tho 
Hrilieh .Miineim). MaAk^ll notnd in th» 
church aeounl* of Stratton, Cornwall, tbo 
espi."ndilur« in ]ri4!i of llW. on ' lu-w liook* 
KOlTd formaU'juandi'Vi'nitongTn vnglytib,' 
and misfgcat'-d that the ' new boolta nolyd ' 
formed nn vdilion of MarheckV work t-arlicr 







Uiftb ftoy nvw «xt«nt (Movuatmta Situatia 
EbcL Anglic, vol. i. p. ixv), biit the conjec- 
(un cuukot be subalitutiatJ^. MarlHKk's iu- 
faBttoo Mcou lo bavc been lo prereiul ' the 
grrat divOTsit V in saying and sinsinR ' of 
'whicli the cooipilrw at ■ Edwftfd vlV Fi«t 
PniTFr Bimli ' lind cxpn^wil disapproval in 
tbeirpn-JVnt.inil to follow out their niigew^ 
tioB iLat ' tlic whotr n-«1n) ' i>lio<il(t ' linTc out 
one use.' Hul his Ixxik n.s:i-irr<l no nuthnri- 
aftUonfVoni tlideerli^UBtiialautlioritiMiiSad 
wunot in snlDcIrDt Otmnml iii lii> daj lo 
reader a seooiul ediliou needful (Masksu., 
jAtrimt Lifurvy of the Charch 'if Enij/and. 
18^, p. x'l). \t wa>reprinU-(ibj-\Vhiliing- 
liam for rickfrin^iu 1^44, in fBrsimilr; bv 
Ittmbault in lK4>'i: md in Jebb'e 'Clioral 
R«miuwii for Utanitn,' IS&T. 

Ahant (b>! (Iatt> of tlia apMaranc* r>f lita 
' Book of Comuinii PratHr' MarWk U wiij 
loliaTe «upplii?al(Kl fan tie degree nfltaclmlor 
o( Moiic at Oxford, but tbo uuiventt^ re- 
guttrof tbe time is <left>ciiv«, dD(1 the result 
of hit BUj)plicatioa is ttoi known. He ean- 
tinuvd hw inui<i«al and thoologioal Htudiea 
for mora thno ihirtv v^an Istvr, and was etill 
or^aniM in It'iOA. 'taxn notvn llinL 1 in wait 
kUts in 16S:), when Ihuti^nond Fn^litb i'di> 
tionofihe'Ae1«a and Moil tiiii»al!i'nppi-iir<^d. 
H« is said lo havo di«d al 'S\~indsor in l^iSa. 
Kogvr Marbeck [q. v.' wui Ma son. A bymn 
for three roiw* bv Slarbeck is printo'd in 
Hawkiivs'e ' History of Music' Portions of 
■ maM for fiv» voicw, ' Her arma .lustitiie,' 
an in RiinMtv')> ' Musical P*xlnictK,' vol. vi. 
(AdJit. Af.S. l'lSse).and in tint (Ixford Mtisic 
School. <^)thcr tniikical manuscript* by him 
are at Pett^rhauiio, Cambridge. 

BcifidN the wrirks nlroody iioTod, Marbeek 

Riblishpd; 1. 'The l.yuee of IIoIt SaincTes, 
nplic!t<4, Pi(lTiiir«b«4, and ulLf'rs cnutnvnd 
in llolyo SwiMun^,' dddiestvd lo l,or*l Hurgh- 
l«y,I.j>a<Ion (bir Hearv Deiibum and Iticljord 
Watkins), 1574, 4to (llrit. Miis.); Sndodit. 
19()6, with addrtxcM to'Cb,ri«ti«n Itftoder,' 
(•igD«d It. M.) i. ' The Holic lUitoHo of 
King Dautd . . . Drawnc into Hnglifh 
AlMtre for the Vuuth to rcndp,' Lundon |bj 
H«arie Sliddletou for John IlarriHOu), 1571), 
4l« (k «opT is at Britwell). S, * A Uippinfc 
vpoftktlVtpM Fardel,' LooJoa, l&t^l,8ro. 
4. *A Boohc of Notes and CosmoapUcca 
witli tbvir Expocitioo collected mdnllicrGd 
out of ■li'!' Workce ofdioera siiigular^''ritrrs 
andbr'iiii.-tit Alpbabflic«llTinto0^d(■^,*^<on' 
don <bT TbomniA Knnt), I»Bl,8vn, drdicatcd 
to the Kari of Iluntiniidnn, ulioiir I'iUO pp. 
fllric. Muk) Ti. 'EiampleA dniwn out of 
Holy Bcriprurea with their Application: 
alw a Brief Coofercpce between the I'opo 
Mkd faia Secretary, wbeieia is opened liia 

rt blaspheinoue pride,' Loadon ]&8i, SvtK 
K Pialogiio bt-twcen Yomli and Olde 
Ap!, wlion^in is dtwlart-d tht- IVrsecuiiona 
of Uliritft'a K«li^i()]],clncv [be Fall of Adajn , 
liillierto,' Ijondim, lH&i. 

Marbt^:k njicU his name viLber tliiu, or 
with atinul 'e ' n<!deJ. 

[InrorniJiltiin l;iigdlj supplied by W. Bitrrtny 
Squii*. r«i,; Woodi-Fiirti Osoti. oJ. Illiss.i. 13»; 
Riile'i. .Vri5>>onrs ; Tnuoer'* Bibl. Bfil.; Fuller'a 
WorlhiM ; (inire'aDict. of Musician*, «,v. 'Moi^ 
beckfi ; ' Ndtca and Qucrin^ 4th aor. v. idi ; 
bqthorilie* ciiod.] S. L. 

BECK. UOOER (ISaVIOOT)). prOTost of 
Oriel Cnllrgc. Oxford, and physician, waa 
Iwm in l."i:jii,iirobnb!v at Windsor, wliwre his 
falbrr, .It>hii ^lnr^vcl( [(i.T.],wtts orKani^t. 
til- WUK mhicated nt Ktdii, was irlt'Cii'd 
student iif CLriit (Tiimli, Dxfurd, in I-Vi:;, 
and nceian to liara restiled there for about 
fifteen veiir*. IlejiTuduitled K.A.on t'fl Jan, 
iri.H-0. and iM.A. on 28 .lune IWiS. On 
■i I'Vh. ir^y he WHS raitdf prpbeiidnry of 
I ^^'illllIlc^t»M in [Icri'fnrd (.'nib'-flml. In lotIS 
I hcniit (Hiiiior pniclor.nnd iiviiin in Iri4i4,an<l 
I on 18 Nov. of Uiii Kiinic yi'nr ho wax appointed 
I ftrKt imblii: orator for life, with a yearly 
penMoii of Iwemy nobleti (6/, 13*. 4/1.) from 
the univtTiity cIlmI. Copies of tome of hii 
: speeches andnddn^iMee, n'hicb aiv Dotnblefor 
' tneireleffant lalinify.Bre arnong the Kawlin- 
' «in lhi« ItodUian Libniry. l-larlyin 
Idtih hit wan tnndi' canon uf (.'lin't Chureli, 
and iifloF Honie ni>gotiBtion n-itli the viitiior, 
XieliMiui BulliD^ham [<). v.', bishop of Lin- 
coln, Marbeek woa unanimouBly t:ieeted pr^ 
vast of Oriel Collepe by tlie whole body of 
fellows on Marrh I-'aS-I-.'S. Allboiif;'h h« 
held clerienl appointment, Mnrbech does not 
cfpin to hnv.' I)wn ordaineil. Early in 15WI 
(jiuten Klir.Abrih paid a vi^it to Oxford, and 
MArtii<r;k, who wiis ' [letioin Lnlinarum lil«- 
mrum,'d<.-liv^r<'t! a Latin i^oeh. The4|UMiii 
n>c«ivt^ bim very ffraciouslv, and Hid Ut 
bim, ' We have hwird of you before, but now 
VTK know you.' She visited Oxford aKa>n in 
the soiue year (0 Sept.), and SJarbeck BKain 
delivered the custo»ar>' Latio oration. At 
lUU lime tber« aeenia to have Ix^eu no more 
popular otdittingnialtedaMnibfrorthc uni- 
T<-r«itT: but an unhappy and discreditable 
Bwrrimn'. which took place or was discnvcniiiil 
soon al'l<'r, fiirce<l hitn to resign all his niEovn, 
to lnav<! Oxford, and lo clinnge hin wliale 
plan of life. 

lliij wife die<I early, and he tamed hia 
iboughiA lo medicine. Where be ennducted 
bis pTofeMiioiiBl studiee is not ](ti<>wii, hut on 
1 July 1^73 be faccnnie BJ(. of Oxford, and 
P.M. on the following day. There is appa- 

nntly BO ochar iwttonoe of tlieBalwo degrees 
bein^ (aki^D oti succeauve days, anil the iuduU 
fFi'iK^ ina.}' have been due to the queeti'jt in- 
Urpoaitioa. He joined l]ie Londnii (.''ilU-^-of 
PhvKioians.andwn^oloetodfdloiVBlniiit Ui~!4. 
Hi' wan ill? liriit rcpttmr nf tlui ctiUi'gi-, nml 
aft<trtilttii(t ihnt filFiw Ibrtwo viiur»,5ii! wn-Hon 
3 Nov. ISSl ot«(^t(;d furliff. l!.-ws*toluiTe 
40*. a venr, pnirf qtinrHfrly, b.-*idi'3 various 
feeaof 3«. .IJ. 'The duik-s of liii office.' mj-s 
Dr. Muiik, ' !u' ]>*rf»rme<i with ihe gTwitewt 
care uuU diliKi'iiri-, a» tliu atiiuU th^in- 
Mlr*» suflki'Milly teitify,' In «wrly lif» W 
liftil Irtt'D noted fir hie taUdnipby, ftnd whik 
« D.A. had thi< honour of TCcilinp; rml * iWu- 
tniMit to bi> jiri'iM-nti'd to tlni lonl trhanei'lliir. 
Ik- filled vivrioui" other culWe olJicc*, vii. 
CftiBor (I'llito, I Wtfy, i?lect (loliV), oud corisi- 
liuriuai 1.J»8,1C0U, UiO-'i, IWI ). Hf rL-ai.-wd 
Iub ttcquaiiiluiici: with iku uu&t'ii, and wno 
apjiwuttdcliicf tif lln- royul puvBiciaiiB. Ai 
lliu iijie of tlfly-tlirtie^Lii lf>HSJ— he was dd- 
jnitled to Gray'* Inu, an hi7norHn-distiuction 
trhich othtrwell-knowu iiicii af rhc timciic- 
wplcd. In SeptfiiilK-r IfllW lio Bccocntxuiivd 
th" Wd high ndmirrti, Iluiranl, m the ex- 
pediliijii Jigniii*! CndU, find thca- is iii l]i« 
BritUh Miinrnm (f^liinni; '2i(i) a. intoatiM 
inaDUi<eri|>i (iimlmlily writlnu by liiiuavlf) 
eiitillfU'A Hn-pft nnd a Irue Uisenurse of 
the later horionihli? Vrtyn|;c unto Snain^ . and 
of the wnn'm)^, eackinL;. and hurnini; of the 
faninus Tow-no of Cadii there, nnd of the 
mininiloiisouorthrowcof thr■SlUl1li»hoNllvil• 
a.l that lytiic. with ii n.-ji'irt'C tifnll other Ac- 
ciiU-ut* liiDr«-iinio njijuirliiytiiiiir, hy Uiiclur 
Marbecli al It'iidiin' upui thu iiirsim nf ihi- 
riRhtlioiioraljJc thi' I.mrde hijche Admirall of 
KupJnnd all the lyiue of the said Actiun.* 
Another mnniincripl l'ojiv is in ihu Ftodkian 
Librarv (lianlin^Jin .MS. U. I'JJ), and it is 

?irititej, without Murliecfji nutiic, in llnk- 
iiyt'n ' Voyngiw,' lyMtdon, ISOO, i. COT. A 
rninnliVt, fntiltiid 'A Di-fnict; of Tobacco,' 
^indon, IW'J, in Hjut(tiird to Marbenk be- 
cauM-' hi* n:iiiif appL'ftrs in anaxrostic forrainff 
the dedication. A copy in in thr' Jtriti'k 
Museum. He died nt the bectinnitigfif July 
IHCri, and was biirird in Si. OiU-n'ii, t'riindii- 
gati-, London. 

(MS. Uppister of Oriel Coll, OxfotCi ; Mrf. 
ilUl.orthol^iiiioiiButC'tiriit Chori'li. \>y Lcniard. 
JlnTfn \q. T,] ; Wond'i Vtirti Qx<m. vi\. iiliw, 
illH: .Aihi'Dtr. i. 394; nitt.and Aniiii.p. lUH. 
eil. 1786 ; Fi>'t«r'« Aliuaid Oion.; Munk's Coll, 

of riiji.. i.rsi w. A. G. 

PAKH. .M.n. (irrO-iS-iil). pliym-ian, was 
bora in 1770 st fJoneva. and ntcitivcd hU 
ftoliool oducat ion thurv. Hu weui to the unt- 
TETsityuf Kdiuburgb, wli«t« ha becoiuoM.D. 

on24 Jimal7S7,«mtinB-a tliesii ra diabetes, 
printed at Kdinbnrph in the Btme year. Un 
the til.l»page he Ui»es only the first of hi* 
chriKtiiin numei?. Thu ttsny is for the most 
]>Brt a compilation, and contain* no PTidnioe 
of clinirat vxpi'rii>ncis but ii. intuTnstin^ u 
dhoiirtng in nirx-vnl piudagiu tlutt tbn author 
kiud alfi-julynn indinution for chemicftl «x* 
periuientH. H* t(wk a house in London,(rad 
yroA admitted a licentiate of th» College of 
I'hy^icinns on 1'5 June 17VH'. Guv's lloBpit«l 
did not Iheu require any bif^lwr diploma, Mid 
ho became one of it« phy».iciBn« an ]>* April 
|J?C4. In 1 SOS hp C':jnlribiit<id an ca*aT, ' A 
f'hi>i]iical Accrpiint of tlip Hri^jhtnn Ohftly- 
hirdti^,' to a ni'w edition of thi- ' Tm>ti«c on 
Miunrnl Wiifci> ' of liiit colicnguv, l>r. Wjl- 
liuni SnundtTB [q. v.] Tliia waa aUo pnb- 
lisltvd in X\k aime yearae a upnmtt^ octavo 
jiampklul of si-vciily-f^tir pugM. Uv dudciibM 
» variety of eiipvriiuont^ of the nidinieatur 
chemutrvof tbul period niado with the water 
of n ciialybt-alo Fpriiif; calW thu Wick, und 
ahDWsthnt,iinhkL- the Tollbridge spa, it might 
be drunk wnrm without niiy |)roc)pti«ttan of 
imn. He took charirrofthv trmpimtryinili- 
taryhoapiuil nt 1'orI;<inauthin It^Klfur SOUW 
uiontlip, whiiu it cnnliiiuird invalids team 
WolcJieren. Ht- married Jaii^ |]iil<Iimu>d 
[BeaMAticin',.1,i»Si, lived in l{usf»>ll fHiuan^. 
and, as he grew wealthier, prew less and 
less incliniMl for medical praetice. lie be- 
ciim'^ kctiitiT on chtmi?! ry at (.iuy's Hoenr* 
ml, nnd nulilinlic-d in 1817 'An Eosay oa Uie 
('hi'iniral IliMor>' and Mrdicnl Tn-atmc-nt of 
CiUcuIfiiia Di-'minii-ri'.' This roniaiua uincb 
inCiriunliuu and auuie gnoi\ druwint;^- He 
complflins ihal he was uiialile to tcive full 
■tatiflties, as no uri-al London hospital tlieo 
kept any regular record of rases. He wa» 
pruliably the dm to remark timt I he p(.in of 
A n.'nal ciilciilu» it iini'ii>>*t due toi(«|Ht8MKtf 
down a iireLi^r, and llint it aiav jinivi in tn* 
kidntry wUhonl llif pal ii-nt i>ul1i;rinfi KCiilelv 
at all. He relin-J frrtoi the iiaft' of Ouy%i 
Hoflpilal 10 March ISlfi, and went to live 
in tienera, where lie wa.a appointed hononrv 
jirofi'Morof c.hemistrr. lie visited En^flsnd 
in IMOI, Hnd dii'd, wnon prepnring ti> return 
In OKii«va. in iinriii. Coram Strwt, Ijondon, 
19 Oct. IB:;:;, lie had bonn uluLtod 1-'.R.8. 
in 1815, and i>ubliiihi>d nome chtioiical |[ap»nt 
in Ike ' I'liilosophiciil Tpunnnctiuo*.' Ilis 
iwrtrait was painted by Raebum and was 
engrnviKl by Meyer. 

[SriinkVColl.ofPhy».ii. 486:^0118.1 S. M. 

MARCET, jVlRB. JA\F, (17611-1858), 

writer fur rhv younc, wa* tlio only dnnphter 
of rrancis 1 Inldiniand, a rich Swiumn'rchant 
escabltaliud in London. On i Dee. 17W sLv 





nutwil Dr. AIhisihIit Murrpl [q. r.] Sin* 
VTTOtfl runUiiiTlr uii Kci<'niiii4^ Piitijni^ii, nt n 
liiDR whint Min|ite (ciutitilk tux(-b>Kik* mvth 
aliBMt itnknowB. Tlii^ lir^i* number or wli- 
tieoa tltpotuli wlii«fa Mrs. Miirc»i*s buoka 
pMMdteatifv to their popiilaritc. Mer Rrtit 
mtrk wu*Conv»r»liDn!i nn Cli>.>niiKtrr, jo- 
Ceoded nnre espcniilly for the hVmnlu .S^x,' 
1806; othrr rdKitmc vi>r<- puljlUliinl in lN|:i, 
1(<I7. IH^4 ; tbn <ixli-<i'nlli i« ilnli'd Ifu'i^. It 
in aaid (hut lIlll.lKNtciipi.'t wrrc t.nltl in tl]i> 
ITnitml 8tat*-j Iwfnre Ikt^ (IIalu, ll'umait'* 
Ibeord, j*p. 732 3), !Ii»r m'wT fumiMis hook 
wu ' ConTemtioni on Political E^onomj,' 
1610, vhich w«B fiycuenth- rv'printod— edi- 
ttOlWBniUt^d Iftir,18:^t, nnd ll<^4. Itvrnfi 
hi|bl]r pntiMd br l^rd MnriiulAVt wlii^ anvH, 
'Ev^g^trl who'hiMr<-iul Mm. XliircctV littl* 
dialoguoi on political WMinomy could toocli 
SlonUgu or A\ aljHili? mnnv leMOtu in Biuiiec ' 
(£m«V"N MUto-, |Hi'&>. JleCnlloch, writing 
n> 1^15, aft*r tlic pitblictttioii of HnrrJct 
]t[«rline«u'd 'IliuwtMtioos of Political 
iioaiy,*«tnt«e Umt Mre-Mnnrct's book 'is on 
tite wbote ]>erliap>* lli« bi>^t ititrodMction to 
lltD Kiencc tbal lia* vet iipiM.-an;d ' (Lit. f/f 
JWl'/. JSwt.) Jonn-Biijitiai»- :i>nv. llic Frt'iith 
politick] t-caoouiUt, nrti^of Mr». ^IllIcc( n.^ ' tltc 
only womui wIiq lind written on ptililiuil 
eooooan^'T ond oLown licnvU iFU]>srior cvcu to 

Mii« Martin«a<a'0 ' III ustnl ions of Political 
Cconoinj' (I88S) awwl ite nriKin lo Mn. 
MvcH's book.altboufrh Bht-makc* nomtntion 
of her obltgnlioDi in the vrork itaclf. In b«r 
' Aotobiograpliy," howcrcr. Mi*» Mnrtim-mi 
«TttiT:<: 'It wa^iiillit-niiltimn of It^iT, 1 iliink, 
Ultt n ni.'i^hbniir Iriit ni> ris-trrMrn. Mnn'ntV 
T-onirrrMtiofM mi Political Knm<iiny." I 
look up tliP bunk i-bii-fly tu *co wUnt Political 
Ecouoinypn.>cii<(.>lT 111).*. . , , ti ntruck me at 
vasx iliat ibt- principles of t!ie Tirhole scii'iicp 
tnight bt- rxliibilc'd in their natural workinp 
iDHlrclcl p«*HKM of MK-ial lift-. . . . Thr 
Tivw uid pnrpcs* dal" fnm tuy niftilinir of 
Mn. M«rcet"« "CVin*rr«»tion»"' (,^!l/^>A«'(^7. 
vol. i. MCl. tii.) In InM Mr*. Mnrect. who 
Hmeroiulir acknowlcdited thttsurciiitof Miu 
ICmrtfamu's aAhrla. had become tiiiiuiatrn-tlb 
Miia Marttneau. ' Shi> had,' Mi«s Mitrilneau 
wrote, * a ^at opinion of i^reat peopli*: of 
peopleprat brnnyitislitictinn — ahility.oHicv, 
nrtB, aiid wlut not ; and clio innorvnTly yw^' 
potnl hftr own ta!iti< to )h> iinivi'Diil. Ilt-r 
ffTMt pti-osarv ill n-^nrit tu in» tvna to climb 
uiR two lli^fbl* of ttnirii nt ray lod^iiK* 
(utliinfl nolwilbMBiidin^) to Tvll mit of (rreat 
pt!oplo wliowereadiniritifr.orat luulrudinfT. 
mrsertes. Sht*b«oug4iinie "boramagea" and 
ali tluit anrt of thiiiff from f>enck aavuts, 
foreign anHMtawdoTB, and otlifre' (A.) 

Nr*. Manx's ' ConvfiiMit iona on Natunl 
Plnlotophr,' IMIH, wan a faimltjir I'xpori- 
tion of tlin lirt[ «>lunii-nt* orsciiiune fnr very 
vininj! f bildniii. She bad, oho cniifMsed, no 
Ifnowlvd^ of inHilreinaricH, Otiior editions 
a]ii)L'an.>d til 183J, ls27. ISV'* (^I3lhedit.),and 
\^,-i (14th cylit. rvvi^id nnil cnlitMl hy ber 
Bon.FmnciB MarvBi, K.US) ItvrmMwritKm 
pn>vioiiK Id eil \wt of bi>r forBiiir publiMtiona 
\ Pn'fiiri- \n A'(\\x. of Isllt), nnd whk duaigned 
nn iin in) nxliictiuii to her work on (^uiistiy. 
Mm. Mttnvt di.xi on '1* Jum- 1868, a^ w, 
at Sfroiton Sirei-t, Pii^cadilly. the residenod 
of h«r Aon-in-law, Mr. Kdirard li'^niitlv. 

Be«tdes the worka luentiotioil, .Mr«. Marcet 
wrote; l.*Conver9ationpf>nV»'[:ptiii)i'-PhvMO- 
I'Tfy.* l8-t'. '■!■ 'Ston«i forYoiiii)»rhild'rftn,' 
ItiWl. ». * Stnriw for vorv Voting- ChiUrMi 
(Th« S(iuoa«),' IStJ. 4. 'llopkiai'iiXotions 
on Political Economy,' 1*33. 6. 'Mary's 
nrammar.' 1885l «. ''Willv'* Holiday*, or 
(,'orvcntalicng on diffpn-iil kiudR of Govem- 
niCDlo,' 1830. 7. 'ConvorsationgforObildton 
ouLaiid Olid WutiT,' 1838. 8. 't'"ti^*tr»»I>on» 
on (b« I liaory of liiij; Inud for Cliildri-n,' 1843. 
W. 'Uaiae uf Cramniar,' 1^*-L.'. 1'.'. 'Conrur* 
rations on Lniij.'uiigv for Childri-n,* 1844, 
LI. ' l>*h»nn» uii Aninial!>, Vcv'cliaUM, and 
.VincniU," 181J. ll', * Mothcr'o timt Book— 
lt.-iHiiii,; niado Kmv,' 1B4<*>. 13. 'Willy's 
(Iroiuoiiir.' IH4.'). \\\' Willv'flTravi-ls on tba 
lt*iIwBd,' \^\1. l-V ' Kidi Olid Poor. Di»- 
lo^rut-'!! on o fi'w uf l.hi' tint princii>lcf> of 
Political Kranomy,' liVil. 18, '3Itv. M.'s 
Slory-liook — Scli-ctioiu from Storivw for 
Children cmiaincd in b«r Books for IJtU« 
Children." 166S. 

[Gtini. Mug. ISfia. ii. f\\ : N'onr. Itioc. 04nj(i> 
Siili (SHl Amcricnn Montlil} Mag. 1833. rol.i.t 
A11'1,oiipV Diet.] R I* 

MARCH, V..KXL\» or. [S^ MoRnutni, 
llofiKii, tirnt Rittt, I1!««-IS.'«); .MoRriMKa, 
Riiurxripthin! KaRI,, i:WI UWl ; Mobtimsb, 
[t.>fiEit, fourth EaEI, I37i 1."!**: MotcnMBS, 
I-:i.iicKn. lifth K.»B^ lasi-lk'O; SrrA»T, 
E^MK. I'tTP ? Ki:*J ; l*ociSt.«i, Wli.tlAll, 
I iift«rward« founb DcEB OF tjl'EEye«KSBT, 

I MARCH. Mii*.(lsaVlS77). musical com- 
po»i-r. ^S«w ((AnnieL, M*«r A-ts ViKoisii,] 

MARCH. -lOlIX (It;iL'-l(ri7>. Iwal 
wriii-r, wii* piiwiitjly dMrt-ndiil from tua| 
Mnnli'-ii of 1-Muiotitoii or Ilfiidon, and wai 
Kp<road Mm of Snm Mofchof FiricLamiMt*ad, 

i B^rkxhiri! Imvc I'iaitnlion t(f Li'itd'in, llarU 
Soc, vol. xrii.. and .\ichoi.ib. Vibration "f 
MiitUnrx). lie teas tippaivntly uilmiltiMlst 
CiravVIiin I'i.Mnrcli Mi;rt-»(. Iii«iii)f dwic.ribdcl 
MS 'We of Ibmiird'B Inii, litiniU-ninn,' and 

J iraa poesibly lliv John Mondi oallnd to the 

b»T OB 1 June IMl (Fobthh. Jteffuten of 
Gmi/'A Inn, and information from W. It. 
Pijwthwaile, e«].) He Beems siiba«[in"at ly 
fnim l(i44 lolisvo nctii'd in some 8«Tetaria.l 
ffHjiiicify to tlin com mil M? far flnfoty of bnth 
kiiifn)"™" wlitch «it. nl. llrrbv Honw (Stat* 
J^pert, Drnn. Hnr. I, IH41,'Mny I'.'i). On 
20 Aug. Iti4& thi*<rijunei! of ittnto iiominntpd 
Lim lo tUt> ])arliittnviit m oui; of fdut ooa- 
missioners to go to Guemscv lo ord-*r afl'aira 
thiMV' (^ii. Int^rreg. ii. Bl, v5. iii, 104), and 
thrro t^ahi Infer (B April 16r>2) he was 
clinu^tt by thft conncil of stdte to pToceti) lo 
Scotland alonswilL ihree othfira to ndnii- 
nistfrr jii9ti(?i> III the cinirts, UX)/. l'acIi Iwiiig 
Allowed ibi-m asi-spensesfortlie joiirm-v (i'<., lu KinBhoiiecmii lo liavi- Vcgn «cl- 
Uig as sycretarv or tri-a^iirL-r to tin" trusl(>e« 
for the »ale of crowji luuda at WortesU-r 
TTouiu> (ill- -0 Nov, UJ5fi), and Im di<-d early 
in lew! Bv licansf. dat^ IKI MnrcL IfUIT- 
1638, 'John' Alarcli of St. St«ptoiiV, Wal- 
hrook, (KTiTcnQr, bnclii.'lor, 2t!,' married Alice 
Matlii'wa «f St. JvichoUis (Jlavc (' MnrrJnfr 
iiictiwea (rrantfd by llii; Hinhop of Loudon,' 
Ilari. S'jc. Pull, vol xxvi.) On JiFuK lf>li)>--7 
tie leijal writer'd widow, Alice, ptniuorifd 
the I'roCectoT: ' My truly Cbrietiau and pious 
liusbnnd ivnt delivered from a long ana ex.- 

tii:ii«ivc Fic1(ni.'f# by n pious dttnth, nnd has 
eft mp with two BiDall children wenli nnd 
uiinbli; til biirj- him di-cpnt ly wiilifiiit liclii. 
1 heir rt'litf fnim your cciinjiafision oii ar.i'ounT 
of Ilia iiitei.'rily in bis cmploynifiil la Swil- 
lond, and his readiuesa to ^o ihirltr aKuin 
had not Providence pravented.' On lliu saint- 
day thfCTiuntil ordered herapaTnicnt of '20f. 
iHiatr J*apri», Dnm. Inlerrep. cliii. N-l). On 
2(1 Jati. li«i;-H MnrrliN dniiplncr Ellmlwth 
'of Kichnioiid, Surrey, iiliinit IS,' wiiti triiirrird 
t.1 James IIowseniQH of 8c.Miir(tiirrt'», Wi-st- 
minaler, ffent. i' MarriHte I.iceiisea, issued 
fcy the nenii ana Cliapler of Wnatini osier,' 
Jiarl. Soc. I'libt. vol. xxiii.) 

Another John IVIiirHi wni* admilted totlic 
dtiprei- f>r ri.t",l>. 1*7 .\ov. 1(5.11', ni!i n nu'iiiWr 
of St. Ritintiikd Hall, Oxford, 'n-liilii a ' ffn- 
tiemari,' of flniy'a Inn, <tf l\w Kmiic nauiea 
obtained a lt<*ii«n 17 Aug. ItWO to marry 
Eliaibeiii Edward* of St. Alary Aldermnn- 
biiry, he being then twenty-rour years of 

Mnri'h'* li'gnl world nrc: I. '.An Arjrn- 
rrwat nr IWiiilii in l,nw nf th"'gr(*al. i\»''*- 
tion coin'cniitig lb'- MililiJi iiit ll is iimi- 
settled by OrdiiiaiieiMtf I' which 
it iaendeavoured to provi^ the Legality of it 
and to mnke it warrnntable by the h'unria- 
mentiil l.nws of the Land.' London, Ui4'J, 
4tO. 'I'hr lit.!e-[ingt' liearni vnly tlm iiiit.iHl!> 
J. M., wb(!niHi it lias buL'ii attributed to 

Milton. At «r«n>Bt It (tr.andK aaxififned to 
MaroL in boili llalki'il and Lntn^ and the 
Brit. AluR Catalogll(^ hut only oii the au* 
thorily of a mnntiM^ript not» (apjArentl; 
no/ in ThoDinasoEi's hand) on the till»-psg« 
of tho copy omonp rln> Thotnfi*»&n tni«tfl, 
'2. 'Actions for Slandor, or a Mi'lliodicftl 
Odlei^tion nndiTi^Rrtnin (iroundi and llp.adii 
of what Words arH Actionnblo in the Law 
and «-hat not, &e. ... to which ia added 
Awards or Arbiirr-m^^ntj Meihodia^d undat 
several Oraunds und iJt-'adg «o1Ii>cI*hI out of 
our Year-Booka nnd oiIit Private Aaihantie 
Anfboritie«, wherein in pri»ci{)ally showed 
what A r hit rumen ta arir giKrd in Ijiw and 
what not," Ijondon, llUB, (ivo. '.V. \ ci^cond 
r^dition of Nv. "i, London, 16ni(>, II14V, aug- 
iQ<^iiti-d by II m'cond port bi-aring tho titlci 
'Thu S«:oiid I'url of Aclions fwr Blonders, 
with ayt'cond I'url of Arbitreincnie, touv-llier 
with Direclioua and IV-aideul* tothewv^rv 
usefiiU to all Men, 1"" which lb adde^ 
Libvla or a Caveat to all Infamous Lihellcra 
wlioni tliL'Sc distracted timc« liiivo ^netmicd 
und tauliiplii^d to a cotntiion n«.ft. ... A 
third <-dition, rovirwod and t'lilarcrd, with 
many iim^riil tiddilioni>, hy W. R., Londoiii 
Wl\. -I. ' Kfpurla, or New Cew.-s wilL divers 
l^eolutions ami Judi^memo Kiv<^n upon 
ifoleinn argument-g and with (;reat delibara- 
tion, and tnc Rpasons and Causes of the said 
Itt.^»olutinn» and Jii(l)^ente',' l.ondoti, 164^ 
lti> (cuntninn llio nnioria from Kaslcr term 
Ifi Oandi I m Trinity limn Ifi Caroli D. 
Ti. 'AinioiaHeipiililicH', tlioCunnunnvrealtli'A 
Friend, or an Exact nnd Spi'^i-die Canne lo 
Jnstice and Iliffht, and for IVveniinfr and 
Ili.'tcnuiniiigof tedious IjOivRuilSfandinBaj 
other thinci) vprr coiiaidemblo for tho good 
fif tho Public, nil wliieh arc fully Gontro- 
vrrtod and Di.4iiiim) in Ijiw,* I.>ondon. Iltfi], 
fi»o. Till* work in di'dii'ated to John Bnul> 
«baw [(j. v.], lord ['wnidiinl, and tit retnarl:* 
able for the eiilit-htenmeiii with which March 
disieus»es a iieriea of eighteen question* ( such 
as common recovery, arre*! for debt, the 
biirdun of tbo biph court of chaneery. bas- 
tardy, privilegi' of cU'Tgy, &c,) It. 'Some 
New riiMiii of iht- YearM and Time of 
lly. Vlll. Ed. VI. nnd tjuei.n .Vary, writ- 
ten out of the '■ Qreal .\bridgi'Hii'iii," rum- 
fosed by .^ir liobert Drook, KuigUt [wu 
Ikokr, .^ik K'iuukt], there diipcreed b the 
Titliw, Inn Ill-re colleet*d under Years, and 
itnw traiisljiti'd inio Lri)rli«h hv John Mnreb 
of Oriiy's Inn, lltirrivlor,' l.p'inilon,)!!'!], 8vo. 
In 187t^ thf Chiswick Prew n<|iriiited Sir 
Uohert Brolte'a 'New Casoa' and March's 
'1'runKlHtinn ' in the same volume. 

[Authorilio <|Uut>-J ; wurk* in Krit. Mtis, nod 
BodloiaD.] W. A. S, 







HABOH, JOUN (lUO-ieSS). rtcsr of 
Ntfimatlv. pouibly ili»cvn(lv<l frnm tJm 
tludie* of necl«rortli in Durhiim, was bum 
in 1640 LB NeweaaCle-oti-Tjne, of ftDab&ptiet 
mmnu, 'vlio died whila he vm yoviii^Ti ^otl 
left Ambrose Dcrnra «om« w&v in ini^i for 
Um ■ (MB UaH. MS. 10.Vi, f. 92A ; llt-Tcu ix- 
ao5,0HrAam, iii. S05: Suutei», 7>ifrAam. iii. 
3(W: />itrAiTAi ITiVi* (Surtfcitkn-.l, xxsviii. 
188). Hv was educ(i(«<l in ffnimniiir-i>oIin()I 
Icuning *t NoircaAllv, under Gisuvi- Itit- 
Bchrl, WW Mitered M a com man <t al Qtiuen'ii 
Collty^, Oxford. 10 Jutw IBo", unOer llie 
tuitina of Tbonus Tully, aiul luMriculated 
in tbe uniTmit t I •'i J une, beinjir described as 
'JoUn March, pent," When, in Hcc-mbtT 
lfi08, Tally ww clreted princi]wl of Si. Kd- 
mitnd Hkll, March followed liim Chith<rr. 
iXn' gradiintml B.A. U Jtim> UKil, M.A. 
26 May IrtM. n.n. 23 Mitrrli Ui7-i-%, mid 
tecami) « noliil tutor aiiil for anvenil vrars 
AoMna bispupiU then- wan Jolm Kettievell 
(we Life prettied In KhTTLEWELLB Work*, 
p. 11). In June I*(~2 hp was presenied by 
tbe Wardon and fellows of Mi'Mon Oillcge to 
th? vtcnrairn of Kniblutun (Chntliill, N<> 
Dmbxrluml), aiul nuliHiiiut'Dttv biwaimi (!hii|H 
lain 10 Dr. Cww, lji»U')ji itf Dtirbiun. On 
30 Aug. 1072 he wii* appoiiUt<d afternoon 
leciuivT at St. NicbolAsV, the pnri^h diureb 
of Npvcaetl<>-4>n-TTD<>. and ou :jri June 1870 
became vicar of St. Nidtoloa, resi^niDg the 
Embleton vimm^ In th« Rame year be 
was coBttituti'd proctor for tbi* diocvM of 
DurliAiB in M)nrn«i)tinn. Thn salary at- 
taebnl to hi* euro at St. Nicbnlan'ii wna 
nud by thi* cni7ior«tion. and vrm at first 
HtV. a year, with an oddilional 10/, for bis 
tnmB en tht->TfiiirMla7 lectur>>. On 30 March 
1682 tluB sum vratt pennuiienlly incKMed Co 
901. per uintim. March w«h a etron^r church- 
auM, very anli-pap«], and, doepili* bia cnrly 
training, Tiriilent n^!n*t tii« di*Mnt«re 
(' thOM) fKot of Egypt ')■ and ramcd tbu n.'- 
mitalM» of baviiw, uone with Iwoc fiavirc, 
brcn^fat Newcafth (o « liigh dffpv« of con- 
fonmtrhy hiaMalanddiliguncuinpivBchiuK 
And pvr»oniil iustruotion, Mpeci&lly of tbe 
youiic (Dux (la&fCTlLtS, It'ork^ and Let- 
f(T>,&ut«eaUoc,xxxvii.lU7,^>7 May 1 (MS). 
II« took part in OJi attempt to eetablieb a 
tBODthly mci^ting of clcr)^ and cinliotu for 
tbiB conidderalion of diAcJi^inv and ihf Com- 

DOn PtBVcl-book (mc 1>B4X GlV^KVILUt. 

Santutu, Siirt«m 8oc. xlvii. 171). Ho wn« 
«a oat«]Mil(en <U-fi^ndcr of paistirw olMdiitnn', 
■ad opposed tn tbe reroluiimi, 'taliin>; thi^ 
■ban oatbof alle^ftuce vith such a de<;Iarn- 
tion or luaitatlon as hhotild allll leave him 
five to Krve the abdicated hinK' (Bakkiui, 

Diary, p. 436). On ono ocuiioa (IS July 
ItiOO) hi' Und to be infvmxid bj tbs ampon^ 
tioii ibttt hi» nalart- would be atoppcd if bo 
did not pruy fjr ^^ iUiaiu and Mary by lutiuu 
I Newcastle ciimuion council booka.qiiotml by 
BuASD). March died on 2 Dec. KKhJ, and was 
buried on the 4tb in the parish church of St. 
Nicholrm. Hi.' f"n Humphrey entered St. Ed* 
inuTiil Hall in l<l!r>4 fi, llif< winter wo^mnrried 
III Ahlcnnaii Nlch(ilni> Itidh-y of Ni'vciutlci 

Thn-o ori^'inul jmriraltn of Murrh riist: 
one at niofrditn, a mcoikI in tli>' vicaragv 
hoiue oi Newcastle, and ihr thirtl iu«ii- 
tioneil hy Drand aa belonf^inH I" .\Id«rnian 
llomhy, for which DMihscriniioii was some 
lime ttincp miwH with the obJeoT of placing 
it in ihu ThomUndoii l.Mirnty, An engraving 
of on« of tlii-w, by J. Sltirt, i» pretixcd to 
th"> volume of wnjionn WIuw. 

B»»id«s sepHratfly i.<uu»d iwruiann, Murcb 
publiabed: I, * Vindieaiion of the nreiMut 
Oc«n^lC«voUlliou in hJn eland, in fU'eLeltera 
pBM'd betwixt .laineii Welwoijfl, .M.D., and 
Mr. John MarL'h. Vicar of .NpwcMlItvupon- 
Tvnc, occovionnl bv nSprmon pnmplieii hv 
him onSUJan. IBh.>«-S) bi<f»r<>tii>- Mayor anil 
Aidunnen for jmiuivi- (ilx'dii'ui-t' and immi- 
ruoifttance ' (coiiviiiiii <jf tlirec li'iien of ^Vul- 
wood'*, a Scottish diwiinf pniPiiiiiiiir in Nuw- 
piBile. remonBiruiine with March's doelara- 
tii^n forpa«4iveolwdiience,aiid twieilKmely 
caustic unil imeowtmas replie^^ by Mnrch^, 
London, 168S, 4l«. S. * Setmons pt^aohnl 
nn S^raral Ucnsioiu hyJohn .Mar«.'h, &G.. 
th« lu«t of which was' prenehud 27 Nov. 
180S, boitig th« Soiulay boforo ha diod,' 
London, ISOS; 2nd odit. with a prefaet^ br 
Dr. John Seoii, ond a aermrtn addfd, preach eil 
at th« auiaaa in Xevcastle in tbe leign of 
King James, London, 1699. 

[Puitfir'a Aluniol: Heame's lt«IIq. !i. W; 
Henry Buunu'a History of Sewc^utK-OD'Tyna^ 
pp. T4~S, «hMo notice w t&kcn proclioilly vor- 
Uitini by hi* taeeaaart, Juhn Umod (Iliit. and 
AnEJq. af Xow«Mtlp. i. 3{p7). Sykw (Lncfll Ro- 
coidn. i. 1X1), and itfacitniie (Accovni of N»«> 
WMtle-on-Tj-DB, i. !6«): Wntfa Bibl. BriL; 
Wood'i Athmv Ocnti. vd. lllii*^ iv. 37S. Vuai, 
ii. 2tf. 27B, Z'liii; Diary of AmbroM Bamcai 
Doui OntuYille'ellatnainBaadWorluiaadLMlar* 
(SntiMaSiK.); Kottlownirn WaTke:infoiinalton 
kindly tent by the lU-r. J. Jt. Macnth, D.S., 
pmv o«t «f Qu**n'«, th» Ro*. Mr. Oobom. view 
of Enittl«loa. aad th^ Utr. E. Mooro, D.D.. prin- 
cir«l of St. Vdmvnd HnU.) W. A.S. 

Fahi. OF (I2dr>-1»(!9>. [Swt under DrsB»H, 

MARCHLA. WILLIAM {d. 1302), trw*. 
suroT, and faishap of Bath and WcUo, was a 

cleric of the chancery in the rei^ of Ed- I moralile by an unsMonly fny that broke 
Vftnl 1, appurvntly <^>t liumhli; origin, nni] ii ' niir. Wtwi-cn llic nervnnU of tho ArcUhulujp 
foUowerof Ilii^hijp 11(111111. Biininll[<), v.] fn of hvibliti iiml tlii" Bishop of Ely, «b tli«- 

Octub«r ll^'^l< W win put on it cuinmi<Kinri.tir 
which Rurni'll wne liii^ hcntl, to iri<|iiitt< into 
ttw cnmplaiiilN broitkiht. ntiuiiui \\iv ru,vnl 
ofBciHla ituriiig this kin/s luug ab->i.'ucL> 
nlirnml (l-ipt/er/i.'i. 715; cf. Ann. Lund, in 

TviTi- rrturainic hcimv. ^I'be nrvhbisliop's 
tailor wiu> xlniii \iy i>nt> of tlm biehop'i meoi 
(1*R1SXK, J{fcvrxt», ill. 01(7-9,) 

^VilliHin retaiiiHtl tbe Irvoiiurenliip wiUi 
bin bibfaoprit, liul, liitt excGAjiirv »iwmtiesi 

StZKta^Chmii.o/ Etitfardlantl E^wxird II, rvodervd fiim tmpoptilar tJJuntlap/r AniaaU, 
i. 98). About I I'M he l^cunie rli'rk of tlm p-.1itl»l,flinl in rj^lShebecanw tiiiulvixl inrho 
kintf's wnriirobfl JlAiiOK, liirfii-qupr, p. 760, mhuiti which Kiiward's viuleiil fiimncial i-Jt- 
wl. 171 i ), in vrhich puijiu'itv li'.' rwnivi'il nn ixiiIicntN ■•xcilwl Ht that {leriod. U'benAieh- 
!!4 Feb. ILIK), nnd iijiniu uftor ihc ili'iitb iif bi»h(ip W'iiKihi'Wa (■'.tmplainod lo Edwsrd 
Bi*bopRurni'Il,thnlwa]Mirarj-(?m.l<Kljofthi? of his wimb-gi' in wizintr one h«lf of lh# 
gn^nt whI. Tbi-reis. Iiowi'ver. no n«sun for treasure of tlu' cbiin-hoK, the It! tie unewerwl 
|iutliiif; him on cheh'^l of lar<i keepcri, uhe that hf had not giviMitlictirdpr, but that ih» 
■imply look chnrjwoftbt'ifalwbitn il^-asin treasurer had done it fif hi* own nation 
the w'urdrobe, ile piKtlomaiy^lafe ofilepueit (Ann. li/iwrdi I m ltl6UAX0GU,ii. -17:11 cf. 
(Fo6(s Jii/iyfif Iff England, lii. 127; Jtiv-' Ff"rr» lli*loriarum, iji. 271). Tlimupon 

Kdward rDtnovt^d WilliAiB from tbt twnourr. 

The (liMilno^d mini^or paid largt) aumx to 

graphia Juridim,Y- J-tS ; Cat. liol. Pat. 
pp. U and fiTi). Alxnit l:fM) hti wiu re- 
warded for hi« M'rvletui to tho crow-ti by k 
f^nr nf a mc-Mun^ in the Old RbiW In 
London ( Ca/. i?of. tVir/. p. 120). OnSApn' 
of thv «nm'i> yi^ar be was made iTcasurer, in 

win haflc tb^ roynl rnTour.bul A<m^» notH.H3B 

tohilVnliJid mil(!l)i:llCCi'M(/)»Mii/i>;i/r /bimri*, 
p. JOO). Hl^ in drcirrtlicd during bid ininili- 
t*riaJ career w n man of fon^i^ht, diecce- 

iucc^f^ion to John Kirkbv | q, v.], bishop of tion, and circumspvctivn yOtnry AiimtU, p. 
Ely, who dii-d on I'ft iMarch (.Mmiox. IIi>l. 324). 

o^ Rreh'-^iirj; p. .'i7 1 ; liuiiftaplf Aiiiuilf in | Thus removed from euoiUar lifo, ^VtlUuH 
Ann. M"')a*tiri, iii.yo»«). During the nliaoncit w»e able to devote thu tvol of lii.i life to tliQ 
of kiiip and chaniwUor in ihf north. At the bitbc-TtAnn);loct«d tifruirs of Liddioci.-«v. llo 
liue "f tbf irniitiiuit orth«Sc<>i<«*iicc4.'8sioi), took uo ji^ruat poil iu jiublic aflur)>, and 
Willijimin-quircdnprijininciitjio'itionuiBioii^ Hiow-<sl inch liU.Talily tit alinsxivins und 
tho oHlcinU rvmainini; in London. ' gvii(*ral xcul for good ivorke. thai lie ubuunetl 

\^'dliuui n.-crivcdvnrioiuecclualiuitictilpre- nrreat pupular vcnvmtlon. Ha obtalnnt trom 
fenm^iiln, tiupurtiuit auLOni; vrhitli was a , tiit> ktau ihv cnint of two fairs far tbe lard* 
ciuiotirv lit Wi'Ila. On I'lj Oct. 1S92 the chip of Hulh. lb; built the maf^aifimnt 
drath of ituruill k'ft vacant the biahopric cbapter-houac of Wulls Cnthcdml, withlb« 
of Ilalh and Wells. There were tho iieuol staircase leadiugto it— wtirknlbiit veil mark 
diffi-cultii's as to obtniiiinfT an agrcf^moat the tnutAiliiin of tli<! ' Karly Hnglish ' to iba 
betwt.i'Hilic two <-Ii.'ctinK bodicv, tho fDCuhir i 'Doconitcd' style of iircbiLt^urr(i^r<ion-<^nyf 
chapter of Wi'lls and ihu inonnKlic clini)tur of thfSamrrtei Arflueoloyicai ti>ritty. xoX.i. 
of Bath. But at liwit the tnonUit of Hnth pt. ii. p. 74). IIo died on 11 Juno \3ati, and 
joined with ri iiiiiioritv of tliu ciirinu^ of wtitt huriiil iii bis cnthedrsL Hix t(>mb,«ritb 
WclU, who liiid icoiti- dnu'ri Lo tho elt:ctii>u hia oIGk'.v upon it, Eirs ngainat the south wall 
inlriit i«i priKiirini; tho a[i|ioinlinont of of the soulii traiinoiit, botween the altar of 
William of March. Ha wqji accordingly . St. Marlin nud llie donr leading lo \\w 
elected on 30 Jan. 1 ?9S. "When the an- cloislor. He socma in linvo left behind Hm 
nQunceincnt of the t'lecliim wni mndt^ to the no tii-ar kinsfolk, for tli<< jury of the po*t' 
people in linih Abbey, n cinnitrj-nimi iiiviihi^il mortnn inqiieat reiurnnl thnt thoy w«ki 
u\ Y.n^Wnh blcniinK" on thr intw bishiij) i)KTinrnnt n^ LoMhovaa lua nnxi lii-ir fCb/ni- 
(I'kvsnk, I^rrrjiiit, ill. "iOr-9 ; I.E Nete, darium fiVnrn/wviirKni, p. 023). It was be- 
I'luli 7'rrl. Anffl. i. LVj. td- llardv). The lii-vi-dthatmBiiyniiraoIea,c.<ipe>ciallrwotiden 
kinft navr bin cfituenl on 1 March, but the i of healiiij;, wi-rt- worktid al. bis tomli (Anylia 
vacant y of llif *ee of Canterbury, caused b^ | Saera, i. .W7; Firdrra, ii. 757). Thf mult 
the doaih of reckliani, dflayed ^Vilijnni » | waa that a popular ijrv aroae for bucanon- 
consiscrm ion until 17 Slay 1283, whi-n fw [ igatinn. In ia2i aiiA l.%2."» the canotia of 
wa(icon«fcnit('dHlCuntnrT)iirybv'hobii'linp« | ^VoIIm ni'iit. proctor* to tin- pipo to ui^ upon 
of Loudtm. lEiichesIer, Klv, anif Ihiblin (i^f. him ibv biOiop'o claima to uanclilr. [n tba 
Omty Aiinatu in .inn. Motiattici, iv. •134 ; ' laltt^r 
J-lom Ifinf. ill. *'7 ; Stcbbs, kti). Aut. ' wtoi 
Attfft. p. 48). Tlie occaiion woa tnode too- 1 30 t eh. 1328 appllcatiun was mai^9 to At 

r y<-iir IJk< whole Kii^liaU opiacopala 
u toAvifrniinwiih tlio samoobiecl. On 




nni« ef&ct in th» iubm of Kdwud III {ih. 

ii.T-'iT). UiitDOCluiiBeaamarthwenqiMSU, 
and Uw< luirMld eo«n CMM>d. 

[AnnnlK of IhinitflplB, Oudb.t. and Worcuter. 
fai Lwutl'ii AouIm UoiWftid. mla. iii. and ir, ; 
etubfai'»Cki«klMorEdwvilIai]d ^:d•ll^] II; 
BiabMntn-; Flons Hwtonvum (nil lJi« ttbon' 
tB B«1I« 3priM)i Pi]>iinD'a Kpcnrd*. tdL i>i. ; 
CkMKiiea* W«J)rn«« in Anglin K«c>it, i. 6&7, 
wilb Whuttin'a Mtm ; Ryni«r'ii FoJmh. tiaIh. 
i. ud ii,(It«eoril«tliiion): Caisaii's IJTSS at tits 
Biahopi of lloUt and n'cUi. pp. ISO-J ; Fout'a 
Jntpn. iii. 12T,Bnd Bio|[rB[>)>ia Juriilicn,p-432: 

i. 1«. rf. n«dy.] T. F.T. 

lfil6)a |;ein-«iiffniver aud nieiJallbi , vaa bont 
IB Suaaex in I73D. lie U-caiue a pupil of 
Edward Itun-h, i:.A. fci.v.J.aTtd iii ITtHl W(ii> 
a a»embcr of tlic Incorpnratwl Sociotr of 
A.rtii>u. lie went lo Homv in 177-1,iind re- 
mained ibcrr till 17611. »iudyi»g iuilir|iu! 
fieou and sculpture. H« n-nt iiupnowiouo 

fmiu 17^1 m I'AR, and n-os an cxbibittir 
tlief«uU IBtl. Hewru) elected oamclate of 
ibeRoral Acadi'my in 1791, tini] ncadeiniciaii 
in 160h. Uoicos olsoafelloirnf ihi-Sijcictv 
of AnliquanpA, and a member of t)i<- Aca- 
deonicti at ^tockliolm and itt Cnprnhimi-^i. 
Ilr wii« kppiiintcl ««»iaUnl-vnBroTiT al lln- 
Rpvat Mint in 171)7, and Ih-1i1 tin- ulFice tilt 
Idifi, wben 1)0 nriu snjwrannuatnl (RrDt:cQ, 
Annatt, i. AH; A'Mmunutfir Joumai. ii. 18>. 
TW poitnii of GeoT^ III on the 3ii. boiik 
tfiken vr*^ engrnvfd by Mirvhant. from n 
model takra by tiim from life. Mairhnnt 
diad in SnaerBet I'lao^. Ijindon. in A|iril 
lt)l& agpd 77. His Uiuk«, wliich rt!lal4>(l 
dnMjr to thr linr* arts, WMv mid br Ccicbmnn 
ia Londnn <«■ 13 and 14 Doe. 1^16. 

Han-liaHt liad a high and wall -merited re- 
putation u a (lein-mfrntrer. His pnidiio- 
tioni are iniai^lioa. and t^onnitt of portTnits 
from the lift>, and of beads, fiiriiree, nnd 
giOUBS in l.lie antique Hlylc. Kini^ piaines 
thm JelieacTof hit work, bnt romiu'lcs that it 
WMdone with thu aid of n powvrfiil mngnifior, 
■ad that COBMqtuinltf it ta uften tixi minute 
tartbo nalfi-d <■%*■■. MiiMmnt'* lignntum ii> 
'Hwehant ' and * Mnivhant K. Itoinn.' Hi- 
BOhUilw^ 170*^. *ACata< 
logoa of on(^ liundred ImfN-afiont from 
Omu eoffTaVMl by Natbanial .Marchant,' 
LoaJop. 4U), to aorompaay a SHJ^ctinn of 
<Mta of hia uita4rliiM. A nurahi^r of hU 
works on dMcrlbod in RuM't 'Tawio Cata- 
' |»M Um lDd«x of EngntvMV). Va- 
iBlOfiliM hy him are in tho British 
biit many <^t lus choacwl pico-" 
were made for the MaHhAfougli cabin^liand 

anwiff thete nav ba nienti«n(^d hia * H»p- 
cale« rMt«rui({ Aleoati* to .Adt&i'tus/a om- 
miceion from the elector of Saxony, and a 
pri'Bi'nt fprtm liim to tb*? Lhike of Marlho- 
tviii^h. Tbo diihv ^oroi-tiuM epecislly «eat 
tln«- *l<ini> to IComp to be Mifrr&Ted bv Mar- 
chntit. Tlic princo rogcDt (Ocoiga I V) np- 
poinlfd Marchnnt bi« onflravor df gviaa. 
kins meutidn* uti fiw of hi* bmt iwruirm- 
aoccs ui cnitnivinK' on a brown »ard of two 
fumale fi{>un;4, one rccUuinfc uu a »ofh. For 
tbu Marcbaul ia huU 10 have nevivcd two 
hundred guineas. 

[ IMtrraro** Diet, of Artlxu; Kiae'e Antique 
GcDii nnd Rint;r«, i. -I1&-7: NacUr*a KBnatlai^ 
I,M>k(ni: Ovul. 31a;. I81«,jit. 1. p. 377; Jlar- 
chatit'a Salo Cat. of itooka, London, IBIC, ^vo.) 

W. W. 

LIBEIUTI ( 1795 P-l80t^t. painter and en- 
grawT, wa» bom in the TraMovtrn quarter 
nf Roiiic,und t lie tv. when iil the ni:t.-of tifleeii, 
cnmn under the ntHici.^ of Sir Jwhun Rcv- 
nolils, wham In- atTTiniiinnii'd l^ lilnicland in 
\7lt2. Hu Miidied in tltc St. Martin'n l.nne 
A cade nay. and h wo rue Rfyniildfi'si mo»t 
tnialed afisietant, biint; i^uipluve<l to Ml Ills 
polcHc. paint. hi« ilrap«rles, utake copies, and 
Hit for Bttiiudea, Toe Hm picture painted 
by fteynohln wbcn lie settled in Ixinclun nrna 
a |H>rt rait of younj; Marchi in a tnrban, which 
waH inticli numirtrd nt tlio timcnndenciavwl 
by J. SpIUtiiirT in 17H1 ; il iK now Cue pro* 
peny of Ihi- Ko*al Acadrmy. Marcliidid 
not reside with He^yuolds until 17UI, wheti 
tlie following entry occurs in one of the lat- 
ter's diarie» : ' Nov. 22. 1764. At^reed with 
Oiufep|H> Murchi tUiLt be should live in my 
hpnm andpjiintfiirme for one half-year from 
till* day, I H^rrreiiifr to ^Tt> him fifty pounds 
for llu' (amo.' M&rchi (ouk »]> mnaotint 
engraving, and froni 1760 to I'lA i»ibibit(>d 
enj.'rsvin^. af well aa an ocCAiuonal pictuw 
Willi rhe Society of Artists, nf which no was 
a member. His plates, which. Though not 
numerous, ore of eitoellent i^nnhty, include 
portnits of Mi*t (lliver ( 1767), Miss Chol- 
mondulov fl'HHl, .Mrs. Jtourene and Mrs. 
rrewe(l770 1, Olirw Goldsmith ( 1770), ,Mr«. 
Hnrili'y (1773). and Qeoc;^ Colman 1,177ft), 
all after Remolds, and that nf FMncosa 
CiHrtoriskn (1777), fton a pi«tun' by him- 
eeir. Marchi vns a oleT.>r copyi.-<l, but did 
not MicceMi in orij^nal ponraitupv; he trit-d 
at one time to ett.iblish him««lf At S«uu- 
»«, bnt iu%rtn tftomed to tlw' (ieni<» of iiir 
Jnthua, with whom lio romainod until ttio 
paintL-TN d<«tl). Bub«(iqueutly Im> wnsinudi 
ecaploytd ineWninfrand rMtoriaoi [Htintinfca 
by llHvnolilR— work for wbldi lus Ultimate 
knowli->)g« of Ihe artist's technical mglbod* 

March i ley 

mil qiinHliAd liim. llArctit died in Loudoa 
on 2 April 1H06, o^d 73. 

[QtatU Uafr 18DS. t. 372 ; HoitiKoto* McmiSr 
of Sir J. lUjDolila. 1813; I— !■- -nii Tivvhr'. 
Ufa«iulTintMof Sir J. Itoynold*. IHCu: S. Chn- 
loow Smith'* Britiiib Monotinto Poriraiu; So- 
odety of Artists' Catalogu**.] F. 31. O'D. 

MAEOHILEy, JOHN (d. 1386*), Fran- 

CIKJOJl. [Sit- 5URB18LBT.] 

MARCHMONT, EiUM or. fSec TlrME, 
SiH I'XTHICK, fliat E.iKl..lli41-l*'J4; C\»f- 
liHCt, ALEtixuBK, second Laki., l(J7ri-l740; 
IIiruE, Hugh, thinl Eakl, 170»-1794.] 

MABCKAKT.JOIIN {/. ir>82),wM otte 
of lUe cantril)wt<ir^ to thi; SU-nihold and 
Ilopkint Metrical PsiullfT onWi-'. He wm 
induct<'d vicar of C'lacttm-Matnia, HI Aupf. 
1659, aad wm vlur vf ^lioplimii, Kmc-v, 
1603-6 (NbvOOVET). His (N)iiiribution> 1^ 
the PwW vera tbe U&tb, iSId, iS:.'nd, 
fcnd i;ir>tli I'suJiua. Tlicsc, bdn^ «t firnt 
meri^ly iiiiiittlii.'0'M..'bav<!bwiici>Djfi:tunill_v 
Ceiuura /.ifwanw, vol. a. ; HoLr..\Sl), iVa/wi- 
i#^* t^ Britain, i. HKt, .'ki-..), but tbii uapie u 
giTcninfull.'Miindmiii.'iii irj*)5,auil in later 
fdition$, on in llinl of |IK>l>, is •oinctinioa 
pritilf^ ' \fiirki-l,' 'I'he sraiiiL' ram/iik:v dpplj 
to 'Tlu- Lnraiy^tmioii of n Sinm-r' (' Uh t 
God, liini mil TUy foco ftivuy." nftl^^wll^^s 
milfTiil hv Ri'KinnM llobtTl.onil'Tlii.' Hiimblis 
Sum of a Sinuw.' both nlw iniirliiMl ' .M.' In I \u: 
lAOil'saltpr. In Sr. Jdiii'nroHi-tfp, Dsfuril, 
ia a broadside bnllnd, niinbiiii'il bv Dr. BUis 
to Mnrcknnt: 'l»f Diw.Wvrit-. and Women." 
Ltmdon (by William (irilUthj, ISri. \'\ic- 
tlifr. Itin-n {iiibliratioiin, t-iiten>d in tUe'Sta- 
lionifn' Koiri »!»•«.' are t.hepo aAiipncd to 
Mnrckfttit, vit.'The i'liruntioii nf the lEj^lil 
lloiiourablo I^ord Wentwnrrb C'liii'rniljig 
til* CrijiH! lavd to liiti I'linrfiit, uuuIh iIi» 
ftJanuaiio 15^^:' "A New Yvm^n fiifl, in- 
tiLuled With Sp«dti lurrtornc to Ood, and 
Verses to Diuofw <«km1 Piirpo*i«,' lieerutd 
to Thomas Piirfortc 3 Ncn'. IS*). >'o»e of 
thvtf am RDw ImoMii, alt)iou?b tho Infit is 
nniinH] in Hi-rbert's vdilion of Ames's *Typ' 
Antiq.,' 1310. I 

[Newcourt'* lUpoitorlnm, II. 103 ; Juliana 
Bictioiuujr of n^rinnalocTi a. v. * Old l>Mdi«n : ' 
litlagaUmv's lUpriu <aWi6 8eoUwli IWt«r, 
Ola«gow. 1844. pp. St, TO 1 Ko4m and Qneric*, 
3i<l tcr. iii. 144; Colli**'* StAti«nan' Compnnf 
Jbf. i. 33, lOa, ii. Its.) J. C. H. 

(1761-17»2?), ongravrr, wa* bum in l^nji- 
Undin 1761 and bvwnoa Rupilnf ftaitoloui, 


■hA V 

ins entiraly is stlnple. Belwtwn 1778 voi 
1790 be producMl mauv (cuoil pluloD tSust 
Cipriani, A. Kaulfffl«nii, W', llaiuilton, W. 
IVt^^rs. T. Siolbnrd, and others ; alio po^ fl 
trails of FrBnorscQltanolntzi and ICalpli Mil- V 
bonk (both after lt(-\-ticIds). Msjor Francia 
Piorsion, nnd Ciigliii»tn>. Marruard died 
almiil. Myi. ^ 

[RodaTATc'' Diet. «f Artiata; Dndd'* H*mMn ^| 
of Eneluli En^vara, Brit. Uil^. Add. MS. 

MARDELEY, JOHN ii». 1548), wa« 
i:l(>rk of tho niirT ^HiilTolli Iloiise, South- 
wurlc) undor l-idwnrd VI (ilimijfa, AnttaU 
oflhf C'lhuigr/i. M), nnd vnis the niithorof: 
1. ' Ht'ru isiitiliitrU' Kimylal of certayiip llolr 
Doctours whyth pr<iv«tb Ihiit tb»' natitmll 
Itedy of Clirist is ti"t pnnloyned in thn Sacra- 
ment of the Lordea Suppor but fygumlyvcly,' 
' Jn niyter, by J hon ilacdeley,' Ix>Bdnn, 1 ima, 
published 1540-.SO?; port !y" written in'Skd- 
tonic ' motrc (Oolmer, BibliojrapM. Accuunit 
1. f>l.5-ltt). 'i. 'Hero iK^inneth aneeeaaary 
in»t.ructioii for ftll covetoiu rycbe men.' ie., 
Lrtndon, Io4i-o3? 3. 'A niful Couplaynt 
gf tlic pttWyki; -wciilc ti> Englaado,' LonduD, 
about ]u47i 4tQ, iu foiir-Umt vtwuu> 4. ' A 
dt'cl&raliou of Ibu ]i(>wcr of God'a Wgrdo 
cuuucniiuff tUtt Uvly i^uppur of tlie Lord' 
{npiinat iIil' 'ma^kyuKv muati'), Londoo, 
'conipyledl54*^.' 'I'liiti iainproan; aflrr tbe 
dedication to Kdwai-d, Juki? of Somnrwl, 
occurs 'A coiuploynt apiinRlibeMyirnrckftd' 
in Tcnc. Snmo ivrse traiulBliana in tlie 
Psalter of I'M!:! signed ' M.' and aitribuied 
liv HjwIi^W'mkI fn AInnleley arr by Jobn 
Man^kaiiC [t|.\.| ItalRcredits MnrdcIcT witli 
tarlii^r Y(srMi--lrau.sI«linnt< uf iwunty • four 

?sa.\tae and nilli nfliKiuut bymiii {Script. ^ 
<~^). ■ 

[AuLburllivs cited sluve; WnrCoD'c HisL o4 
I-Initl, P.min-. ir, l.U. mt, TTuliii; Notes and 
Queriet. .trd tor. i. 371. iii. 114; HaxliU'a 
HaiidbooV,] W. W. 

MARDI3LET. JOHN (J. l.'iSS?). Fran- 
ci»CAii, wiM priilNiWy a native of York.'ibirw. 
lilK iuKpttil an i>.l). of Oxford before ISSA. 
In iltia year be disputed in tho chanoeUor'a 
ecliools at York in defence of tltv Imnik* 
culai« Conception wpuniA the Dominican, 
William Jordan. His muuier of dtspato- 
lian );avc oiTeoMtoliia oppooeata, but tba 
chapter nf Yorit isMied luten tMtllVinf; lo 
bis couiwous b»liavioiir. In 1374 be ma 
miiniiuni«d with uiWr d'lclors to a council u 
WflatmiaAar, onr which the Black Prince 
and ttw Arehbubop uf Canttirbury presided. 
Tho stibji^ct (if dtaruiiaion was tlio right of 
ICn^lancf in rvfiuu tbtt papal tributa. The 
spiritual cuunttdlora adriaed aubnuttion to 




tlia pope. The old ar^mont about tlie two 
Rworas wiu omA. MirAMev retorted with 
tlw t*xt, ' I'ut up nf^in I liv •w>:>r-l into tiia 
pliiett,' ftniH (ioni^ t!i<' pope'' cUiiti to niiy 
WUpoml <U>ininiciii. Tlit; n><\\ <\av ll><' pnpiit 
■artr TiMdmi. Mnnlisli'v nl^iiit tlun timi* 
be4S4tae tw«nty-fitlli provincml minister i>f 
1b« Kn^lish Franciomn^, but liad omikuJ tu 
liolil tliHoBiiCp in IS^J]. Acoonlin^ to liiUtr. 
Iw died in 1360 ukI m» kurivd at Vurk. 

[Tnmv't Itibliath»ca, p. .'lOti; ManiinieDlu 
PmwiMaiia, ml. i. : KnlAgiutn lliituFiikruin. iii. 
337^; BnicL Hirt. R«Tinir, nciiibor I8!il.] 

A. 0. L. 

MARE, Shi PETEU db i..» (/. 1370), 
eM*k«r oT chc Uvuao of CQiumoiis. [Sw 
Ob la UincJ 

MABE. THOMAS as i^a (laoiKirtDO), 
nblnl of St. Albans was ann of Sir John 
do Ia Mati?, by Joliannft, (laugbler of Sir 
Jt^n dc llarpcafcldi aiid itqs bom in llie 
csrlier port of IdOO. HIf fatnilir vrna on 
Iwnuunhle onn of Ilrrtfordsliirp. nnd cou- 
oectnl with Williaei Montacutf, curl of 
Su)i»buT7, JoIiR linndiMiH [i^. v.], Wb()]i of 
Eiel*r, aod probftHy willi Mr Peter D-- k 
Sinn [q. T.], iho flponlc^r of the fiiHid imrliu- 
ment. Ho had tbripe bratlier* and a Hut^r, 
wboftll adnotcd n iTli[;ious lifi> al bis per- 
HilM»on. William. lli« eldest, was abbot nf 

vi. JMT). I 

Aa a eliiti] Thninas wu of ■ *tudiuiiB dia- 
poailioD. nnd of h:« awii aoronl <Anti>rPit St. ' 
Albant wbeii sewnU^n runr* uld, iitnliT 
Abbr>! llu}(h de lilvertileii (J, 7 irviii. i:!:;(l). 
wanl> hffoTv Abbot liichanl of WalUiipfncd. 
Hb wiw first <MFiil to Wvmondhani, r vM of 
Si. AIlHiiti. wbi>n- bi'wnt (ibaplnin <o .lubn de 
HorW.tbi'prtiir. Abl«vt Micliiwli l.tVi-IlM 
reeallM] him to Si. Allmis, aud iiltvr nmlcinf^ 
him mopwaivelv liiu-lii'iuT and fi'llamr, «cnl ' 
biin Co b(> prior of Tvin-mouib, anLitlurr cull 
of tho abbey, aboni l'b« imd of i:(10. Tbia i 
bonavThoBuurukdwith muchpopulantyfor 
nliwyiiani. In l»4fi he fonified th* priorv 

Sjunalib* Scot*. l>n IS April 13IH Abbot 
icha^l dinl, HiidThoniaAivitii chojifin in liia 
plaoe. Wbilo on bi» viwt to thn pnpnl court 
■t Avi^oo lo prmnirv hi« nnn firm iiti tin lin 
f«ll ill, but waa minculauity rcoti^rod hv 
dhnkinir putrid iratCT. Tht' «li>ction was 
CoafiTButd br the kinfc on --' Nov. 1350, 

In St>pi«iBlu-r IS-'}] ThouBs pn'«i(led at a 
fl4>n«rul chapt>-r f>f lUi- order, and again in 
1»6S, 13^, ].%.% itcrfbrinia^ Uic dutiea of 
hiaofioawitk laviah profuMOn of i^xpcmli- 
larn (Gfs/a,ui. ilH; Hist. Affji. i. 3W). 
Mis coti.<titiitioa* an priutvd in tbc 'Ocsta 


Abbaluin,*ii. 118-10. Tboma*^ akilfbl td- 
mini^tration won th« favour of Edward QI, 
wlio mude liim a member uf liis council, and 
cmplfijrcd hirii to vi^it tbo abbers uf Evn»- 
hntn, .Ybingiloo, llallK', l!>.>a<iiiiK< and (.^Im- 
tiT, Vi"b<rru bii (?orrocf»d a vnrierr w( »buae», 
Ki.lwA.rJ, prince of WiiIm, wa* uls'* a frteud 
of tb>^ nbbut, and King John of France 
■liirtii^' bin captivity often st^ycil at St. Al- 
bany. Jotiu persuadtidTbouiiui to riilinijuiah 
nn iulentiou to rcv^i^u the abbacy, bvcauM 
it would be ruinoiu lo tbo abbey. 

Tbomoc was a strenaoua defeuJer of the 
rights of his atHca and nbb^y; a cturac- 
tcriflic wliich involved him in purpetual 
trouble and liti^t ion. IIc;«oug)il ioprol«ct 
tho Hiouastvry a^innt piipnl cutclion, by 
ne^lialing for a remisaion nf lUcciintoinary 
alceadauce of a new i-ibliot fur ronfirntJition 
by the |Kipi>. Bill after wa*ti!i>,' umHi money 
oil difhoiiit'ii (i;;ents, n'Mhiii^ cime of it 
(tfMfn.iii. Ifi SIV When llonry Ib'jpenwr 
U|.v,] attorapt.-d to mnlie the prii>r of Wj- 
monabnm coll'.'cior of tithw in Id' tlioceae, 
Tlioma* di'feitliil him by withdrawinfr the 
prior, nnil ubliiinKrl n royal duel* ion *n]nK>rt> 
iriff the [iriviWea of his abbey yib. iii. 122- 
131.251-1. A9T,: ChrxM. Anglite, I35fl-ft8, 
pp. S-iS-Ol ). I^easer quarrel* wete with Sir 
Philip de Lym bury, who put the cellarer, 
John Moot«, in the pillory: Jobn i)e Chil- 
Irrne, it rucnicttnuit iciiniil, who \-vxed him 
■i«-«nd«twnily jvurs {Grtta.'m. 3-JI, 27); 
Sir Uidiaid iSirrer^, H»d tbpiiolorioua Alica 
Perrera [ij.v.l. whose character baa nodoubt 
*ullV>xed in cMueqnenoe at tbe fianda of 
the Si. .'MbanH chroniclera {ilt. iii. :a00-38: 
for a lial of Thnman's opponeiilti see A. 
iii. 37H, and ci. Alli.'M)K<H m, Aana!»i, i, 

TliK Ritwl McrioiiA triniUf wiu>. bourtiver, 
with tbi' iujuKitinli! i.nnunlj< and villuiua of 
till- iibbey. Tliere werw old>9landing gn'eT- 
aueea, whieb bad been aomewbot sternly 
«iippn.-sM.-d by .Vbbol Richard, but were ro- 
viTed under ures^ure of the Illnck Itealh, 
the .Statute ol l-HbouTvr?, and Ihi' ulnr.l nile 
of .Vbbot TbomiUL I'linr*' bad bv-ii um9 
diitpnti-M n* onrly ax \Xi% and l.'tn.'>, wh'in 
tlii> iiIiImiI had nui'M^iufuUv mainlnitied a plea 
of Tillmnaft* (>!t»tn, iii. SJM 1 ). During the 
pi-Miml ri«iai; in 13*^1 St. .Mbana was one 
of theplaei^s tbnt Aiil1'eredmo*(. On 13 June, 
tliodaytbal Wat Tylpr eiiter«>d I.ondon.the 
tenants ami (ownsfolk of }>t. Albans raa« 
under Wiliinm lirindeoMMt,n biirgcM. Two 
days aftor tltey broke np^n the gaol, btokd 
down tlu- fen-cris, and threnii-ui'd to bum the 
nbbcy unl(«a the abb<» would »urrfrnder the 
cbart<noxtorlcd Ijy liiapradccvsoor*, andgire 
up bis rights ov«r wood, meadow, and mill. 




Thaniu tef\u«d at fint, tliangh at last be 
yielded to llie oUnn of his monks, and pro- 
inlaed all l1i»L iroA demaBd»d. But Tyler's 
TclxdliiMi biul in tli« m^iAntimo b««n*«u[>- 
priw*od, and within a month X\u> abbdy 
tenAitte and biir^ux* wirm brniight to tcruMi, 
tlic privilfgv-'* <;ictortiMl ^von up oiici< niorv, 
and Orindcob'jv Aitd lu» cbtcf )iui>i)ortvn vxt- 

Tbouias'i KuiuLULiiK yeura wcro Iroubled 
oalv by uoustaut illat^M, iliv result of tiu al- 
tocK of thv pkffuo. For cbe last U-u jeaTs 
of bis life he was unable to attend iu &ar- 
liambnt tliroii^h old ojgi: and sicLnc^-i, 'n'iiilc 
ikt) rule of tht; abbey was clilclly Ult to 
John Muolu, ttiu urtvr. Tliotoua di<:d on 
15 Scpl, l-1'<)0, ujitii'l 87) and wit» buried ia 
tlie iinsbytury under u loarblt: ('.■mb, on 
Mfliiclt tliere was a Sue hnias of t'lemish 
workmaiisliip with aa oHigTi'. This brass 
has HOW been reaiovud tav wtftly to tho 
chantrrof Abbot Wjlliain \Vn!liagford close 
by, The tomb boro tli« folluwing inacrip- 
tion : — 

Em AbbdM Thorax^ taiiulo pi»»«nlo rcclusos, 
<l;ui vim iciiipus KiacUwi vxpuudii iii uiua. 

Walsingliiim dcHcrllw-'t Tliotuat as a luaii nf 

Sioly. Iiumility, aiid iiatiBoci*. Uoiui'Iv in 
Tt'M, uiwtere to liimsell'bnlliicdly toothers, 
Olid lis jifci all \ to biimonlts: a learned divine, 
well at^ijuaiDied with CiikI's''- l''reiicb, and 
Latin, a gO'x\ speaker, n bud liiit rapid 
writer. In Iiis youth lii' imd iliOifiliird in 
fiports, lull atliirwivrdx. mit iif hi* lovi- fur 
BniinnIpi.i-iLcui' lo iililior hiinlini^ nnil hawking. 
lly wii« wiihftl lit' II sinmy and maatL-rfat 
Kptrit, which, if dl ftulled to meet the Bocial 
troiibliM of bu time, enabled him lo raLsi! 
St. Albans to a hif{h pitdi of wealih and 
jirosperity. I>esiiile tho gnml sumn wbiidi 
nc 8pent on litipntiun, hi-, imnvii.'ii'd tin' m'- 
BOUTCeD 'if lb" abbey, which he Imd found 
much impdveriahnd. ' Handonied the church 
with many vestmeiit.i, nri»ameut.a. and pic- 
tures, espiwially with one over the iugh 
altar, which he procured in Italy. Various 
parts of the nhWy wre rebmtt or repaired 
by him, nnnl in ]T[irlipiilar th" gmat iml". 
irhich is uow the only importimt liuildinu 
loft twsides IhecbuTuh. Ho aUo ftjiunr mui^h 
ow ebarify, ami mpucially on the miiinti-- 
nauc-.i of sclMiInm ut Oxford. Hi* ehit-f 
fiiiilt WHS n rash lUKlereduloiiatemjierament, 
which minduhiml.oi'ft-a'Jy lolni^t uuwi.rtliv 
anbordjnntv*. But u^'&iiix. Thomni liiin^telf 
vna thu rcbela of 1381 bad no cnmpUint 
(Oc*ta, iii. 307), and ho may jiutly li.- iv- 
earded aathe jtrefttMt of ihe nblj<^u itf 8t. 
Albiuu, and a not unwortliy type of thu 
inedi&vat monaatic pn-latu. 

[Walaliffiham's 0«bI4 A>>bttunt, ii. 371-440, 
iii. l-4'i3. In tha Italia Scri.B. tiui n|>ociAlIy ii. 
3RI-9T. and iii. 376-413x Dtipliilv's Mons^ti- 
con. ii. 1^7-8; t*ruidi^'« AiiiioJa uf an Eojihsh 
.4biti^, ia Stiurt titudtiu on OrMi Subjoct*, anl 
eor^ la not alwaja itaite fair lo Tliomu.] 

C. L. K. 

^ vlshpriucc,wa:-t iK-mi ot'OwuinapHywtcl 
Dda. According to the »olc authoritT. the 
cout'jmpijrttry'Auniii'.iCitinbrix,' ho lived in 
the .■wK;im[l I«^^l»l uf Pnniih iuva«i(m,a time 
of icn-al di.iordi?r in Wjili-.i lu rlnen-lwrc , and 
tirii. (ifipftiim an llie sIhv't of Cndvrallon ab 
Idwal, kiiiR of Givynedd. and the conrjurmr 
of his reali, which, bowfci-i^ ho lost ui iho 
cnsuini; year. In 088, on the death of hia 
t*at]icr Owuin, he N^iece''di'il lo his douii- 
iiiiins, vi», n«wiT, KidwcHy, Cerwiigion. and 
Djfi-tl, thi- Inl trr pridmbly iiii-huiinK V'strad 
Tywi. His ri-itrn, Innti-il until fW9, 
wiia mainly K]H-iit iu eX-jtodilinn-^ aKsiniL >ii» 
nei^hbouni (Maeiiyfed wasaiiat-hix) in '.K)l, 
Morgannwg in 093, Gwrnedd in COl i and 
in rapellinfc the incuniona of tho liiin*-*. 
On one occasion he is said to have redeem-«t 
his suhjecta from the Dane* nt n penny a 

Man'dudd'n only mu, m far ax is hnown, 
(li>-d lwr<in- him. Hut to iirriti iva* (he 
iirt-Kiigu hi> aciiiiired in his brief n*ijra thai 
lii» daiiglner, Auyharad, was regarili^. con- 
I rary lo ordinnrr Welsh ciistoni, ss capable 
of truufmittins some royal right to her 
descpiidnuts. Her first, husband, Uyu-olyn 
n\i Seirvll fr^, v.", ridi'd (iwynmld friini about 
Ij-dd up Llywijlyti [i]. v.], fmui llXHl lo IWW. 
By liiT necond miirriagi' wiib Cynfyw ap 
nw<^r%itin«hi!hadin'a oibfrfton*. Kbiwallon 
and Itle-ldvn, of whom the Intt&r, wiih no 
claim on thr^ fathers aide, ruled (iwyuedd 
and Powya from 1069 to 107f) and foundod 
thamodiffival line of princM of I'owre. 

lAnnal-M Cambriie. Rolls c<d. Tli« dates xjveo 
iibuve am nearly &l1ii[ipci»iiuat«.] J. E.X. 


princi' (if I'liwYS. wait tbi- *nn of Blinldyn ap 
C-'yiifjii ('/. 1(j7-">), founder of the last iintivi! 
dynasty of Powy*. I>orinff hi* e*rlier yean 
1^' plaj-ed only a subordinate part in Welsh 
afl'mrs) boiujir overshadowed by bis brothers 
Iftrwerrhr(|.v.laTidCadwffsn(rf. 1 1 ll')[n,r.l 
He joined tli.'iii in tile tupixirt which ttiey 
f*a\-e to tli*ir nver-lord, I'.nll Rnberl of 
Shrewsbury, in hie rohollion against U^nrrl 
(1102J, hilt T.>rw.rth *otin wtait over (o the 
king nndj while mnhiiit; bis pMCe with Cad w- 
Kan, Coneiarued Muri-dudd to a rojal priMOB. 
In 1107 Maredudd i-icaptsl and r«lunwd to 




PttwyiL He remiiiiwI.liow-cvpT.witliaul ler- 
tiiofv for »eTeral ymr«. KvenwHi-n [tirvfprfli 
■ndC'ulwKsnweivKUin in Huccemoninlll^ 
h* lUd nnt impniTf hi* p<nii!ini. According to 
' Bnitr rvwy«og»"ii'(<hiriinle<Jil.p.29l),lio 
wuin i I l-t 'pfntBulii '(capMinof the pnuLrd) 
to > Iw^in iin radwgan, an oSSix HneciaU>r n- 
•m-ml by rt'aUb ciHlom for Utidleu miMn< 
ben «r ill'.- rovml familr tAnfirnt Lawt of 
H'l/r'. ed. I^'l. i. 1:!). 'lii that yoar, bow- 
ever, OwiLJn dlTi(j9<t wit!) liim the forfrnteLl 
diiinun<i of Modo^ ap Kliir\<l. Though Ibe 
Ifift tetnu to havi> Imm rMumod, Sfaredadd 
reeanm i it on OwHin'it death in IIIB, tnd 
bncvfttrwnrd aivpoan rcRulari; nmong the 
ptinem ftfPowys, Tn ills he tank pnrt in 
thA f«itd but ween Hywel of Ilhos and Khii- 
r«miofr uid the aons of (hnin nb )ul<i-iii. Id 
1121 he wu leAdorofthe nbtistRiii^t olI<Tud 
twPowTttotheiaTMioBof Hisirj- 1. Ehirinjj 
ihB few' remain i nff vo*" of hi* lifu Uispowet 
irtnrapMMt; m 11^ hia nephtiw, Kinoa sp 
Ckdiv^an, lNiqn««th«d him tua temlon' ; in 
I )^ • iieMmd MO of Cftdn-^n. MhT^udd, 
wMBKtrdend; and inll:!8mthinl. ACrrf^n, 
diod on pilj^imocv. Two rrthtrr eiKmici to 
hupTOgrew — ki« uephw, Itli(>t np lOiirrd, 
ud hi» ir^«ftt-iK-pIiew, Uy^tlyn »b Owftiii — 
JIafcdudd htnuclf r«tnovvd, tho fi^rmir by 
BBfd«r, tb« Utt«r bv miitilatipn. Thnx at 
liiadnth in USii hc'vru lord of ■!] Vowyt 

[AniiklM Combri*. RolU «<l. : Brut >■ Tv vv*. 
ocMn, Oxford tdit. of IM 1]oikorHrra«<Vl' 

, J. li L. 

HAKETToT M ARET, PinLlP(l.'.68?- 
1087), ■ttorn^y-fT'n'-rLil of Ji>r»^, bom iilioul 
IGlfS, w MiMiOil >«n of C'hftrica Murct, by 
Siar^wt. bom 1^ Cerf, and w»s descended 
on bo4it tidcH from Nunaiut fjuniliet lonjt re- 
Md«nt on the isbiM). Ilo wu eduMled in 
■ Spaiuah Maiiiurir> muI wm «oaM<)ii«ntlv 
ilracribed by liia »ncinii<« oe a papiat, lli'xif^i 
Itn wu Mlcuaihlj u Hrong supp<>rtvt of tLi.- 
EBftliih cfaurtli. Bving n-vll r«ned bolli in 
Uw aad Ibv cuftooif of Jvry-y, h« was in 
IdO^aipooiiitfidadTocut^ir'Tnt^ralof tWisliuid, 
nod in 1009 anDcvcdfd Pbilip d« Cttrtvivl ol 
^'iadi«lex u nttonwy-jieBtinl, in wtuch ui- 
pncitv be aupported the ' enpuia ' or (over- 
iHC^ air Joba Perton. ogunat Ibt dnima 
at tfaa pcwbjrteriao ' colloqav ' or synod to 
t^T^1t^t niwopnlly ordtin^ Buuivl^n. In 
tb* cUDpiioatod fvud wbich re^cd brtwotm 
the governor and tlw bnilitf. John IKmilt, 
Unrett (HMCended in rcndcrinit hlmnelf lhi»> 
muglilyofe>inxioiislotbebniliir,w1ioin Wnn- 
cuaed of ovenr kimJ of uauipatian. U^ruuli 
teiaiiied bv oiapuiJu^ Mnrett'i title to i be 
olBce of lung's rcceirer and procureur in 

Jersey, with which Puyton htd Ti:vnnhd 
hie mlhorvnt. The loag BCrifo culmirttttfd 
in lUltt, when ilsrctl, loaiox his leioper, 
i-«nt«d lit* aboae on lli>- bnililT while the 
Iftltcr was pn^idiiijr in thn rnyal court, and 
ncciut^d Hir Philip dn Carlrrnt, n jural of the 
JBland. ofaiiatii-uipt toa.iiun.<t:iiat<:liiin. For 
ihifl outrage br? vna, in Muy lOlft, onlvred to 
kuologisc and pny a fine of flfty crowua. In 
iRi.^ Riciantime his enemies sought to replacu 
bini in oH'ica by ono of their own partUanfl. 
\tiiT«tt, nifusing to submit or to aclaiowledga 
tliu coni»<t«nc>' (»f tbv court, was ard«red to 
Englntui to appMr Man- ibn b>rds of tba 
priTTCOunoil. rty th>«nib>!Waxconiinitt«>d to 
the (Hl«hi)UM for coatempt, and finally Mnt 
back to the island to aiibmit to tlio judgmiMit 
ofthecoon. Still refufinsroappearincourt 
andcubtnit to hiitonleitce, he wiu committed, 
in Septembn' l(iU\. to [-JtiCDlwth Castio, 
wlivnou ho pitwiuslr cdinplainei] of tho 
weight of his niimiicliui. Ii* waa toon nv 
]«M«il, anil fitiiiid futibiir tuuana of eradieg' 
bia aGniuucc. Charged and ounteiiH^batgira 
were llreel^ bandied nbniii. Marett was 
doubtless a virtim of miipli pririie and per- 
sonal laalioe, but lie is dt'^cribeil. with pro 
bablp> tnitb, m ' proud, prrsumptnoiis, and 
hiiitxl of the ppnplo,' whiU his tifTHmtery in 
dcniiil t<Krnud him lb" titbi of * L'Ktoiirdi.* 
Aftar niimcfoiiM cnM*4ppoal* tho mm w4a 
rt-fi-m-d to tb« roynl comuissioiMfs (in Jrr- 
Mv), Sir Edwiird Con*-ay and Sir William 
Bird, and, ihoir finding Iwinj advcm* to 
MaretT, waa eventually referrtd to tlx* kiag 
himself, who ordered tb>^ ex- procureur ImcII 
to Jorwy 1« tnalm pnblio Mtomiaaaoa, or in 
debult to be baai^iM from tb* idaJM. 

Maratt Mom* sitbuoqucntly to bare been 
roconcikd with IKrault. und wu, 1^ March 
It^.ldected n jurat of tbi; i\iy*l court. In 
May 1632 hf was appointed lieutenant- 
l.t>rem<ir of tbc iataud by Sir Tliomaa Jcr- 
uiyu, duriuKf lix' lein|>omrr aboence of Cap- 
lain TbuoiaA Kainaford. IJedit.'d la Jnnuar; 
1U9B-7, and was bnricd in tb-.' parish church 
of St. lireladc. By hi^ wifu Martha, daujrli- 
ter and cobpircss of NichnlaA Iicmpriftre Bod 
\«-idow of Etine Duinarvefj. he hod a aon 
Philip («/. 10711), who w irapHsonrd by 
Colonel Kobert (lililion*, iIk? Cromwellian 
goreninr, roratieunoiiBrwiiiiBiira tohiseiac- 
tioni*. in 16C6. 

A dt«ceadanl,S]B Rouiiti PiroH Mabbtt 
H'-^'l^l). son of Major P. 1). Mnreu by 
Mary Ann. daughter of Thomas Pipon, lieu- 
tenant biililT of Jersey, was educAicd at 
Cnrn ntid at tbo Sorbonne, wna oontlable of 
Si. ITi*lipr, wb«re ho eflVctrd wnic notaUe 
itnprovt-nutntf, in IH-VI, and wlieitoi^graienl 
of Jeney in 1HA6. lie wan RtionteT^-gonenl 

in I80G, sad tra* tUvntiA bailifT in 1880, 
wliru liu receiTi'il tlitt liuni>uri>t'1<iiii;litli<itid. 
}{•• wan ilfttiiijfiiigbed on lliii Vmtli, whrni 
hi* juiigmonts ic tlie caw- i>f Ilrjiclltty r. Ln 
Urn n anil in t Ix' M i^rcaHl iU- Jiiint-i^trii.':k 
»-:aii(lnli> aTtractiix) coitsiJijral'le attention ht^- 
yoTid the ii«]aml, ond lie stigKesied smae im- 
partitni nKiililiciil ioii'' in the laws aiTcctiiiE; 
real pr(i|itT(y, -n-liicii wvtv wloptt-d by tho 
Htalit.-. in IS"'.», [[i-Militr-J in l^rthcmnnu- 
at^rljita of I'hili^i lie (ii-vt ^T' ''■'I' *'"^ iiiwilnr 
jiirisl, Rud was al*n ilte ntillior cif siiivi'ni] 
pwiiis wrilteu in tlin Jltm-v |iiiiiii«. Ttit'-«i 
were publisbed in ' ItinieH H Voiivim Jpt- 
itiiiiic*,' (.'ill ted bj' Ahralinm Mournnl {1S65|, 
mill in llir • I'ntiii^ Pwmji of the Chnnnel 
Wjiu.!*.' i."i; by J. l.ititt-oofl Pitt* (l'**'^'*"' 
Friim;iu« IIiiiin irjirndiicpil one nf i 
Miiivii'* tioHaiit, ' La fill« Malml"," in hiw 
' Ni>rmtinaio Incnniiiic,' Sir Hiilii'rt rnnr- ' 
riwl in l«>i-S Julia Anii^, ilim|f!il«r cif Pliili^i 
Marett of Ln llnute Mniior, St. Ftn'lnditV. by j 
■whom hyleil four cliildreD. lie ilieJ 10 Nov. 

[PnyncV Armorial of Senty: |ip. 2T3-7 ; Le , 
Qui>«i]i-'« Couatit. Uiat. of Ji-rspv. pmuim , Citl. . 
Suli> Pu]<ora, I)..m. Srv. AiIiIcihIii, UaO-H35, ' 
frM|.. reriii-Mi tiy K, T. Nicolln, win,, nf Jompy ; i 
niH'rrinU kindly fhraiitin] hf Sir, Rftnulph 
Miir«U, fdllow nf EkoIvf College. Osronl, anti 
..lilj- Mil of Sir It, P. Mnrull.l T. ». 

MARFELD, JOU.X(Jlf.l39S),|iIiy»iciaii. 
[Sl'o Mirfi:i.i>.] 

MAKQARET, St. (il. 1093), niKion of 
Stiotln-iiil, wiis dini(Thier nf Edwiird t&L' Exilic, 
Dtiti n{ Kilmiim! h-i)iifitii.> q. v.], by Agallifi, 
(i«iliilly iIi'M'rilii'il iiK :i Vinawnmsu nf Uittclii, 
ihe »i.*ii-riir lii'iiry II ilin KmtH'Tvir, antl'K'ife 
of St, Sie|ilii'ii of Hunniiry. iI.t fntlier nnd 
Ilia br<3lli4.<r KdmimH, wlu-n ret infnnH, mv 
HUd to have bei-ii sent hv Cunuti^ to Swcih-n 
OT to KiiMiit. nnd nflorward) in Imvi; p^viL-il 
U) niifipnrA' bfift-re lOS*. when Sli'phcu tVwil. 
Snimi'irif til" I'si let! hn«,ho\TovpT.bfeii found 
in tho biitorift* of llim^ikry p\iimiiisnl bv Mf. 
Frecmim or hv t.lio nrcni-tit vrritiT, who madt 
inqumMnutbc-aiibjocl at Itmln-Pr'stli. 8till, 
tlic conitani ImJiHon in Kngliintl onil ^^l•nl- 
land is too strong to bo «t't n»id<:', and pas- 
siblj" JwerTea conlinnntinn from tlm llmi- 
mTtan dwccnt cIiuuim] liy ctTlniii 8c<^tli«b 
fatnitic.), n» tlic DriiiiiuiijnJB. Tlii- Icffcnil of 
Adriko, tlio miMiomiry iujiil(,wh(> Jo jnid tn 
haro voine from IliinKftrv to Si^ollaml lonn 
Iwforo llwnjinry irn* CliriBtinii. possibly inny 
ban' been<liie to a dt-*ir«' to flat tcr I ho mot Ijer- 
uounlry uf Slaririrvt. Tbn birth ff .Mar^Tirut 
muBt hv awitfiiod lu n dntL- botwi-ni I i)ii.< ond 
10&7, probably iibnut iOtfi, Imt wlu-tln-r aIii- 
ftccompamod bor faEbeno England in 10u7 

we do not know, thou^b Lnywaibng tuanaet 
it n^ iirobable tbat she did. Uer brotb^f 
Kdyur Atb«li>i)[ |<). v.], win cbosen kinir in 
10(:<!, al'iur ilie death of Uarald, and madti 
termawitb VV'illinm the Com)aeror. Dut ia 
t ho eummoT of 11H7, iLcconlinK to the 'Anglo- 
Savon Obroiiiclc.' ' I'dgur cliild went one 
wit.h bin mutliiT Agiitha and hit two outers 
Murgaivl and Cbri^titia and Mfrl«»wngcn 
and tnniir Kond aim with llicin and ennie 
10 rtcotlaiid nndpr tli** iimteMiim of Kiiw 
Valcolmlll ri|. r.]. and lus roc4siv«l ibetnalt. 
Then MBlcolm bo^'aii to yearn afWr Msr» 
parut In wiff. hut In- nnd alt hii> tn«n long 
rcfiisi^d, nnd fbu brr^t'lf nl.m dedincd,' pr^ 
ferring', according lo tbi) v^nttrn initrTtnd in 
ihi- 'Ohronii'lc,' a virgin'* life. Th« king 
■ iii^i'd htr hnnlii-r uiililbeaiiMwt^nid "Yea, 
and iiidet^J he durst ivH oihiirwiw b>>aium 
ihi^y ivyrc come into his power' The con- 
temnorarr biogrsphy of Nfai^aret luppliea 
no dates. John of Fonloii, on the aUeged 
authority of Tiirpit. prinr of Dnrham and 
archbishop of St. Amln'w*, wlio is doubt- 
fully crfdittnl with lh<- ronltimjioraTy bio* 
ffraphyuI'MHniiiri'l.datOH hiT uiarriii(r» with 
AIaIco'Iui in 1070. biil(i(ld«,'Srjmi>. however, 
have written tbot it was in tbe year 1087.' 
Tbi> later date proltably owes its eKistence 
to (ho ititerrioiHtionB in Kitneon of Uurham, 
which Mr. Iliuci" nyecls. Tbn best manu- 
9i'ripl9 '>r thij ' .'\n|?l<i-8ii\oti (,'liMniohi " «e- 
ci>]>f lUfli. M'Hi. wrilrrs ttiiioi- IfniloK, in- 
elndiiijt Mr, FrwunHn, hnva a»*ii!ned KJTO. 
Mr. SicL'nii pfefi-PB ihi- earlier dnie, which has 
the jrrealer probability in it* favour. The 
ifliirriafe wa* ct-lobrated at Dunfermline by 
Folbttil, t'ellic bialinp ol St. Andrews, not 
in thii abbey of which pnrtj* »ltll oxlfl, foe 
tlial wnn foiinrli-d bv Malcolm and Marf^iwt 
in com ra I' moral ion of it, but in lomi' Mnaltn 
nhuroh attached to tbe tower, of wheae 
foundationi a fewtracM may srill b* kMnin 
the ttdioining grounds of Pittoncreiff. 

Accordinfj to a letlpr preaerved in tlie 
'Scnlacroiiica' from l^nfranc, nrcbbitbop 
of Oantnrbury, ibo art^bbiBbop. in wplv to 
MarffiLrnt'c potition, ■ont her print OoliJwin 
nnd two mon](« to iri«Ifnet hi>r in th-- proper 
conduct of the *cr\icc of fiod. IVobably moa 
oflvr bur marriagci at tliv iuttance of i1m>m 
Kmrlinh frinr#. a cnuncU was h»hl for tbe re- 
form nf ihvSootlishcburcb, in wbiLh Mnlcolm 
eclcd u;^ iulurprfter between f he Kti|{lish and 
(Helic cleri^. U utt for three day«, and 
n'giilii.ted tho period of tho Lenten fast ae- 
ei>rdini;totlieItoniBna»<;. by which it bcgaa 
four<liiy* bi^fori' the first Sunday in Lvati 
tbf ni-cplion nf tlie lacnmont at EantvCi 
whieh bad heini neglected; the ritual of Um 
mass according tn the Ituinau mode, tha ob- 


aitimae» of tk« I^rd> tky by nl>5tn.iiiing 
buMWork, ibc Abolition uf amrria^f bctwe*;fl 
* DLftO tunl li>9 Mcpaocher «r bis brotIi^r'» 
widow. OS well asotbecabtiKr, am Diigwhicli 
tuny bavi: bt-c-a llio n«glvcl of ^iviu^ tliniilis 
nAcr oit-ab. fivm wbiclt tbt: gruev cup n- 
ceivcd in ikMliaud ibc u&iut.- uf i^t. m»t- 
gant'a bl«esiji|;. 

Aocordia; lo a tradition ban<Icil <1owd 
b^ QosMlin, ■ vaank of Caat«ri)ui7, «li« vu 
lev ciiGC«ssfu] ID oMcTtiiig the rij[kt of m 
irotnwi to ent«ir thr cburcli <U Laurencc- 
Idrfc, vhidi was in tbin tkio^ lorlndden liy 
Odtic, a4 it wan rximuiiinly liy tliti etialum of 
the Bubim i:liun:b. Iltr bi(it;rB|>ht'r iliUted 
on kn oirn pntctke of tbi^ prisiy bbf iacul- | 
cated : ler prayers nuagl^d n ii b ti?r tears, her I 
abstineiioe to tbe injury of htsoltb. her charity 
to the orphans, vhom abe fed iritb her nwri 
■poon. to the poor, whoae fcot nbr wibkh'-d, i 
to tlui English CKIitiv(.'» fiiK rnnnotiiml, and Id I 
tht hnmita irhouirn iibciundt-d in So»Eln.u(l. I 
For tlw jalfTiai* to $(. Andr«xr.i nbt' built 

fuMt-ltooaea ou Htlier ude of ibc Firth of 
'orth at QuernnfifrTy. and prarided for thrir 
free paoMge. She fasted for forty days be- 
fon lliriatiiiaB as well aa ditria^ I«nt, tuid 
ezneded in Iwr devotions the raquireint'ura 
of tlia cburch. H«t gifts of lioly WKntlitimd 
of tbo ivvollod cn3M conlxiiiiii^ tL>i Muvk 
rood tif ebony, auppDmMl to be a fraffm«Dt 
Cram tb« eroaa on wbieb Chrbt di^, are 
jtpecialiy CAaimcmonitt.-d by her biograpliers, 
and ber copy of the Oo>ipi-ls, ailnnit'd with 
gold and precious stuneii, uhicli fell into th" 
water, was, we are told, inirni-tilrmxly n- 
eovend without stain, aavii a fww trunv of 
damp. A bonk, suf^ioaod lo bo tliU rc^ 
Tvliinii', liaa b<f n fiMcntly mcovered, and is 
BOW in tb<* Ilodb'iiin Library. To Malcolm 
ilarsar*! the Caldees of l.ocblevcn 
tite donation of tbe town of Bal- 
(lie, and Uar^jvnt is said by (.hrWHrns 
VUalis to have rebuilt thn tnoniMim' of 
loaa. She did not eonfint^ bur n'foraiH to 
lb* cburfii, but tntrndtici'd ston tnorc be- 
Uia doBi«sti« Ufa, «i*j»ciaUy the feminine 
aeeoapliabmimta of needlework and «m- 
hrddny. Tlie conjecture uf Lord llnil<>« 
that Scollanil is indebted to her for tbe in- 
Tention of tartan may Ito doubtMl. Thn in> 
troduction of liiivli woiibl bi.' moi^ iiiituble 
to Iwr characl^r luid Ibu locnliiv. TItu cdii- 
catioa of her kd» was brr ^pivial carv [*«v 
undtr Mauxilm III], and wit.i ri-gmid bv 
their vinuou* livcv, cvpL-ciullr ibut oiOaviil. 
'3»« history ba« reo/rJed,' savs Willimn of 
JlaJawtburr, ' tbiM^ kinjft auJ bn>t1i<<Tii who 
were of «ittal snootily ur saToured so much 
of thoir Btotbet'fl pivty. . . . Cdmund was 

the nnly d^eoeratD son of Miugar«t. , . . But 
b<.-ingtnkon and doomed to perpetual iiupri»(iu- 
nl(^nt, bo eiucvrcly repvnlvd.' Ilor daughters 
wen- si^nl to tlieir aun< Cbristinii, abbipM of 
Itjinuwy, uiid aft>.Tvrntd»of Wiltoti, Of Mar- 
Kur^-l'i^ uyru de^itb bvr Uiot;ra|>ber give* u 
pulbt'Cic Eutrraliti-'. Sbi* wno nut utily pn.— 
purcd for. but pndicUHl ii, and some uonlhji 
before fuoiiuoued bor cotil't-asor, TiitftoL (so 
tuuDcd in Cap^Bvc's ' Abrii)i;^mt.-nt,' mid in 
tbo onsinal LifL'), and b«);gr<l bim to lake 
care oflier Mne and daughters, and lo warn 
them aeiunat prida and avaricr. which he 
promised, and, biddiuiclit^ fun-well, ri'tiirnc<I 
to bis own bom*-, Sljorilv afi»-r nlie f'-U ill. 
Ilor last days are deeorifeed in the wonln 
of a priest who atteuded her and iiion- than 
oncL^ related ibe events ti> the bia|{rapbi;r. 
Tor Imlf u year sh« hud bi-on unabU' roride, 
Hiifl nlinwl: confined to be<l. Ou the fourth 
(hiy befrirt? Iier drotb. wbi*n Malcolm was 
aW'iit uu lii.-< hist Rn}jli>b raid, »bi> said to 
this priest: 'Perhajisoii tbi» wry ilaysuch 
a calamity may belull SiurUnd n* has not 
bi-i'ii for many apes.' Wiiluu a few daya 
the lidings of the slaughter of Malcolm and 
her eldvsl bod reachud Scotland. Uo 16 Nor, 
1(J98 Margnr«l bul gone to her oratory in 
the ciwiIh of Kdinbiir^'h tn hear mass and 
purtuki! iif the lioly viatii'iim. lU'tiiniitigtn 
bed iii Euortul ucAktieM i>lui wni for ibu 
black cross, received it revifnuilly, and. n> 
peating the flfiielh psalm, lield tbo croM 
with both tiatide bi'iore her eyes. At thia 
ini>m4<t)l her koii Edpr came into her rn<im, 
wbi'f\>itmm »l»' nllifd and inquired for her 
butbuno und i-UUii?t «tii. Kilirar, unwiLlin;; 
to t«Il ihir iriiUi. noplioil that tlipy wi*re well, 
but. on Uor HLjuring bim by tlii* emus and 
the bond of blood, tuld ber what biitl hap- 
pened, i^he tliL^i pmisijd (i(Hl, wbo.thmugh 
atHiction, liad oloajided her from lin. aad 
pmying the prayer of a priest before be re- 
ct^'irr* thonncninient.Bht^died while uttering 
thci Inst wurdn. Hi-rcorp<M> wii9 carriM oat 
of the oiutlii, thi'n Wiioitefl bv llonald Itivne, 
under the corer of a mitt.' und tak<>n to 
Dunfermline, wbereabr wa» buried uppiwit* 
the bijirh altiLr and the crucifix «bo bivd 
erected on it. 

The vicissitude of her life eoiitinui«d to 
attend bor n'tic*. In ISfiO, morutban a can- 
tiir\- and n half iifti^r her death, she was de- 
clared a ■Hint by Innocent LV, and on 19 Junw 
l2Mt her body was tmutlat-.-d from the ori- 
ginal tttoni- coitin and pWiid in a ahriuu of 
pini-nood net with ({"Id and precioga itonaa, 
under urnear ihu tush altar. Tbi; Umcvtoae 
pediment ttill may m taen outride the «aat 
end of the oiodvm restored cburvli. Bower, 
tho continuator of l''oiduu,adda the toiroicle, 

ihtti ts th« b('an>r« of bar f oqn» paeeed The 
tooi1> of MnlMlm Ih^ Ixmleit K'trRrno too 
b^llvy in Oiirrr, imiit a voic-f. ot' n bvntAniWr, 
Innnircd hv hi'AVMv, rseldiniiMl it v* 
ngtiin*t till- divinii will lo trittulitli' lii>p 
MOMwlibMit tUn.*<.-of huf hiuhivnil. iimltln-v 
eniis^qu^BlIy carried bftlli to The (ij>|)ointf'(l 
sbriue. Hefi'pp I.^ij7, Hi-i-rjnliiik'ln Piiiieliroch, 
Iwr hend w.i* !jroiii;lit to Mnry Sluart. in 
Ed (B burgh, mill i.n Marv'ft fii<;bt to EnElanJ 
it w(i* [iri!3er\ «^ liv H Uonpdicliiif mf>nk in tho 
lioti3« of the InirJ of l>iu_r till I5l>7, when il 
wos ffivtn to thv iniiKioiiflrFjueiiit*. Jtyonu 
of these, 3i>\xa Rubif, it wiib convcycil to 
Antwerp, wht-ru Julin MuIcIlt IIiv b'i>lio)). cm 
16Sepl,l(KU,iwue'] U-tUTvuruutliL-itlicutiou 
and license to exjioM- it for lln- vi-iunilitni 
of thefaiibfwl. lu K'J" il tvhh remtn-ed lu 
tht Scots GoIIpi;^ at I'tmav. ivlivrn lltTman, 
bishop nf Arm?, itiid ItoiiJaiii, hi^ »iiccf»ior, 
aeniti nllwted it« omlicnticiij-. On 4 Mnreli 
lljlo Iinioc'iiit X Efnnted a plcnnry imlul- 
mio» l« nil wliii vinilrii ii on her ff»l iTnl. 
Ill \7M the Trl'ii: was fttill vi-iiLTiilnl «t 
Uouay, bui it is iH-Ht^vf-d In Ikivc jHTinheil 
dnriuK the l-Venrli revcilmiori. Hit n-niaiiis. 
RCcorJinfT to <ii-orf(i' Coua, llie author of 
■ l)c rhijrliri I{vli}fioiiiH apuil Sivolos,' 
Rome. lOl'S, were aciiuirt'd by I'liilip II. 
Vmg of Spiiin, nlrjng with thnsc of Mnlcolm, 
who |)liic'e(l thi'in ill tiv« limn in tlip cbiipel 
nf Si. I^iitri-iirt! in tho R^nirinl. \Vbt>ii 
Bishop fiilhes. llw RouiJiii ciitbolirlciBhnj) of 
EdinbuTTrh, npjiHi-d. ihmnRli I'iu* IX. ftir 
tlicir rcwtoraiiou to Scotland, tlipy could Jiot 
be fnimd, 

Mtinioriiil*. pndfiblr more autbentic than 
diviti.'. rclii'j^ firi^ t-lti] poinlwl oiil in Scotland : 
llw cavt) ill Ibii di-n nf DtiiifLTinlim', where 
aha wftBl for i«>on"t pniv<»r; rhi- nUivf on tli«i 
road to Niitlh Quvt'iaiiTry, whi-n- ahu first 
met Maleolm, nr. aci'ordinirl'iuni'lhiTtnKli. 
tion.receU-pdthopuor jiilgrim«:lliiM'i'niimblit 
chapel on the eiimniit of thi- Casil^ Hill, 
whnso nirhitertun?, Ilip oldest of which 
Ediii biir^'h i'mii hoael. nllmvp tbu supposition 
tlmt it miiv hiivt? tiivn )ipr omtory, nr nioTe 
jirobably l hut it wtm divli ciited Itv on« of her 
soils t.n hi'P iin'inurv : and lh.< widl nl the 
fool of .'Vrthur'w Soni, hiiUowi'tl by licr niinin, 
probnbly ofter tthi* liiid Wen dcchlnvl nwiiiit. 

[Tho I.ifp of Qnftn jMiirRAMt, piiblinhcd in 
iho .Keln Sunttonim, ii. 32(i, in Cnp^mve's Nova 
LmpiidH Augliie, fol, 2'li, und in vitu> Aiititjun' 
SS. Sii(jtnc. |>. 303. prinToiI by Pinfcartau and 
trasiilnicL! I)y l'iiih»ir rorton U'ifh, ci'rtiiiiilyiip- i 
penrs In W njnlcmiiomry, ihijiiftli wbelhi"r tb<' j 
dollmr wiin Ttirf'tr, litr poTifcawir, » iiiimk tif . 
Darli'ini, uKervrivrds nrohbiiiliop af St. Andrew*, | 
or Tbniibirii?, n Iww kai.ittn inuiilc, i» ool clenr; I 
and the rnluo tilt«cl»d lii il w-ill varj with tlia I 

TWili^nn or tMnprnmi'iieof tlip oriiio, fri>iii«hit 
.Mr. Frv-vmnu c«>it« llw ' lunckin^ uMpiieiMn ' of 
Mr. Biinoii to tho implirii Xn-l'ut of F«p<br<vt> 
IT I'aihi-r Forlw LvitJi. t'ocJuii iind Wjrnto&D'4 
Ohn>iiifles. Siiiipuu uf ItarJinni t«lilit.n bf Mr, 
lI!Ddv,.niid WiUiiiQi of Miilnicntinrj** firela Bi^ 
l.wa Anfiloruni ure tli* oMm feixirccs; Frrt- 
li<.l^'»^'>>1lnuII CvutiucBt, Slivuii'ii CiflticSfolIaiiil, 
Onii', Crmmiiglimn, nnJ BoIlCTKi-im'» lliiiijri*^ 
of ilii- Cl.iirfti of t;>»tliin'l. onri Iiot>an*cn'> 
:St<jiUii(l cndar her Korly Kin^a giv* mod'-ra 
vniiioii«.j JR. M, 

MARGARET (1340-1*76), nueen of 
ycote, wii» th'f cldi;«t doiiirhlcr odB eecond 
chil(t of Ileory 111 vl' Kntrlnnd nnd of hi* 
<(nj>en . Kl.'iiri'ir of I V>vi'iii-e. Sho vraa horn 
on 5 Oct. 1^40 iObeex. l'rinefetFe, ti. 1*1, 
from Libcratt Uoils ; J-lorr, Jli^t. ii. i!33; ef. 
Matt, r,\ itw, Jii't, Mn.'ir,'xv. 4t*, and Ttrri^ 
Aitrij .4117111 1^ in .inn. .VonatCiei,!. Iltt). The 
dotu of hi-T birth iii given rcr>- rnrioii^ly hy 
(liHeruiit iJiToiiit'lcrri, whili? othira get Bome 
years wrniitf thnmx'h confuNing her with ber 
Touiiffer sialer, litvitric-, bnni in Aijuiiatne 
in lUiy ( n'l'neJirsfrr Aniiiih m Antt. .Von. 
ii. tf9 J Ofneu Annnls and WvKEa iti I'fc. W. 
!)0'). 8nii(lford's staieuienl thai iilii' mia 
horn ill 1 S4 1 is iocorrect ( Qmealt/giatl lli»- 
i"iy, p. flS"), She was horn al WiDd»Oi% 
whiTi! ihi; Mirly yvnrsnf her life were jttaaea 
tdniig wilh hvT limiln-r Kdwnrd, who iras a 
year older, and thi- i)nii|;bler nf ilii> Kiirl of 
Lincoln. She was rmniMl Miirgantt frnia 
Iicr nnnt, Queen Mmuaivt of Fmiictr, and Iw 
niiifc lirr mother in the pantT') of vLild-birtli 
hiitl inviAed the aid of St. Matfrarct (Matt. 
l**His, iv 4K(. On L'7 Nov. a royal writ 
ordirrvil thi- pnynicnt of leu maTlca to her 
cuntQdian»,Iiarlbi>l»in<>'n']'i'chi.<niMl (ieoffrey 
de Caux ICnl. Hue ft'otUtml, 1 H)f*-I:;"2. No. 
1S07). Sbewaa iiottwoyi-uKiildwIii^nainBr- 
riajre was gugBe.4li--d benvecn hi*r ntwl .Mnx- 
nnder, thu' infnitt fmn of AWaiider II, kin)( 
of Scotj, bom in 1:?11 1^1*tt. Paiiis, Hut. 
MnJ'ir. IV. \92 ). Two years later thora ma 
R fniJih oulbnrst of hostilities between her 
father ami thn kingi.r.Snns; hut the treaty 
of Ni'weaslb', on I .S A iiff. I -'44, rt'sturvHl peaoa 
betweon Enelmid and Si-nllniKl {h'ledrra, u 
I'ST). .\s a re*iilt it was iirran(p>d ihal i\\n 
tnntTiaf^i already spoki^ of Khould lake nIaiNt 
wlieii the children wero old ennti^lL ^lar- 
gnret wn* meiinwhilo brnupbt up ear«fLilly 
and pioimly unil sr.niewJiat fnifrallyat home, 
iirith tbn tvciilt thnt ftlie aRerwarda fully 
shared thuatTon^ fniniIyAfli''Ction tli^t united 
all ilie mcmlrnN of Ilcnrv HI'* family. 

In 1 21!> the dentil of Ah^sandAr II made 
Marirnret's betrothed huiband .\]esand«r 111 
ol' Scotland. I'ljUticel n-axonH urgvd upon 
both countriM lh« hurrying^ «ii of the mar> 





tiwe becweot lbs ctiildren, and on ^ Dw. 
1351 AJtXUder aod Hu^n-l werv ciairiiHl 
at York by Atvbbiaho]) Waltt^r Uroy of 
York. Thifrv bad Wen elabaralcr prepara- 
tions fnr tlio vruiiditif;, which vae attAnded 
fa^ a lliitiuuinil Kn^lUh and sue hiindrod 
^ottuli knighiK, iind m> T».<t n llmw)^ of 
people tlut th^ txrttanny u-m porforracd 
aeer«lljr and in t)K' t>*rly mnming to avoid 
tli« »ovrd. Enofinoui rauu were lavulied 
<n the eDtertAUunenta, aad nut naasea of 
food w<T|* Mnsunn-d ( M »TT. ISni*, v. 26i>- 
S70;d". (V./. /X--. .'iY.ft.W, IIO!*-lir7a, N*«. 
ltiln-411). Nttst <tnv llcniT bound himi)r<lf 
to paf Alduindrr hr<' tloiiMinil mnrka tm 
tbe marriage porlion a{ hi* lUui^ltliT. 

Tbe fint ^-«in of Mar^Eart-t'.* ri'-sidi-iice in 
Scotland wvn; •oUlAiy auJ uiiluippv- ^^ 
wae put under the c\urgv of Itobect \ts Nor- 
rey and Slvplieo Bsmmui, wltile lli« widowed 
Matilda d<' CsnleliipoiicU-d as her itoveni««s 
(Matt. TakiSiV. •/7'J). The violent Geotfrey 
of Liuiglcr was for ■ tim« acvocuitcd willi 
ho- pudmnabip iib. v. MO). But in 11^32 
the bcoU removed umfflvy from liianlEot- and 
sent liim back to Kiifilnnd. Tba rvgi-ntn of 
Scotland, cimtipictiuuo uniiim wliuiu nirru 
tbc ruardiiuifi uftlieliiiiffaiid <|U(wn, Itobeit 
^ Rot and John Ilttllol, treaiul ber un- 
InaiUy, nnd aho trame to liavo bo«n lookoil 
moo with sufrpjcion ns n rrprrseatntirt- of 
£ii^!ah isflurncr. Rumours iy( hiT miffnT- 
tonea reached England, and »n tTfTurt to in- 
dnce tli« Scata to allow her In vinil Knglnud 

frriTiBi; nnsucffeafiit.Qnrt'ii KkaimrMnt In 
SA5 a famous pIiTHiriaii, I!f)tinald of Haili, 
to inqairc into licr li<^I(b anil condition. 
Rreinald found tlit.' ijiif^n jialc and nK'^altd. 
■no full of complnint.i ncainM tier i^iinrd inns. 
He imli«rcrt!y cxpn-^Kd lii" imli^iilinn in 
publir, and MMin al\pni-iinlii dird Fiiddvniy, 
appaivnily of |iob«n (I'A. v. T/il). TlrnrT.iTlii) 
wu rery angrj-, oour hviM Richarcl, cnrl 
of GloucMier, and John Mantel to inakn 
toqiuno»<A. T.uOt). Their TigDiouaaction 
muued ManBnet from her Miliiarj- confliiev < 
meiit in Edinbarcli Castle, pmiided her wiih 
■ piopvr hnti«*hoid. nnil nlloweil her lo pnjoy 
tlwKtciftT of tiThiislmni!. A wiliticnl Ti>- 
Tolntion lolliiwn). Hrtiry ind hVlrniior now 
mi*! itirir um-in-lan' and tluu^hlt'rai Work, 
and viaited llitiui at Uu\)>ui^b \liurtmi An- 
Nflli in Amt, Mem. i. S37 ; DuMtapU Attnali, 

tldSy. Hai]^ret rtnininoda^horttiniAwilli 
moiherat Wark Kngliah influenro was 
rwtomKlfUid Urm nnd Ilaliol wer^ d«priv^ 
of lli«>r eslatM. 

Early in l^TiO Margaret nwoivcd s viiit 
fiom herbcotbcrEdwud. In AtiffBttofthe 
suae year MsTgarct and Alexftnd(.>r at laal 
ventimd to reviait Englanit, to Margaret'a 

(TTpat joT. They wi-re at WiK)d*iopk for the 
ftHtivitiiji of tbo !''L<aHi of tli*.' .Visuuptiun 
on ir> Aug. (AIatt. I'jlbis, v. &73|, und, pm- 
c«i>ding to London, ver» Bumptimuiily ?b- 
l^nainod by John Market. Un tb^ir i^tum 
tli(> Srotti*J) tnagnal«s ajrain due tli^ot iind«r 
rrxtraint, cxRiploining of ihi-ir jironiotion 
of (orMjTni-T* (I'i. r. ftitl). Tlwy Mo*lly 
livi^dnowat Roxburgh. About liwtPAl*x- 
ander and 3Jarga»t first n-ally obtained 
freedom of action. In that year'lbey again 
vi^il'i'd Enjriuud, Marcaret rwic!ii'i(,' l^ndon 
M>nn> tiim* after her IninKini), nnil in*corti»il 
by Jli^op Henry of Wbirborn {Fitrrj- UUt. 
ii. J'lH). Slii> ki>pt Ohriitnim" nt AV'indnnr, 
whcru on 'in Fi-b. llJBI *lii' ea\-* birth to her 
eldcet child and daughter MnrgorL-t {ib. ii, 
■iOS;FoiiDrx,i. i.'yj), TbeSeottiwtnTiigry 
th4t the child should b<! born out of the 
kitigdooi audut thu iiuwu'scoucealuivnt from 
ihem of the prospect of Iivr coi>6nei<ii>nt. 
Three yeote later her eldeat son, Alexander, 
was born on -t I>oc. 1^'J-l at Jedburgh 
iFuRDt':?, i. 300 ; cf. Lanenott VAronktr, p. 
t^l ). A *ccond aon, niunnl l>arid> wtwboni 
in 1270, 

In 12CG, or more probably later, 3Iargarei 
WBa ^ iaiiud ui Haddington by ber brother Ed- 
ward to hid farewell bt-fore hie tlcparturo to 
the llaly Liiud {Lancnutf CAit/nicte, 'p. 81), 
In It2l}l^ 5ho ond herbiubanda^inaltvndcd 
Henry"* court. She w«» vcrj- nnsioiu for 
ihtr .sif'ty of hpr broilirr Rdwnfd during His 
n Ifsi-niv (iti rniMtdi;. and ilr-cjily Iniui'iitt-d hi-r 
fiillifrV diiBih in 1272 (i4. ji. il'if. Edivanl 
liait l^efr. with ber ii 'prtmiioiw squire.' who 
iioii't-'J that be had slain r^iinon lieMontfort 
at Evp*hfim. Ahoiil 1273 MnrgarcT, vheti 
walking on the bunk* of I hi- Tay, «uggi-«ted 
to one '>f bvr Indies that abe should piuh the 
drpiirrinlo llii^rivrrashi' wa# vtnopingdowD 
to wnih hi* bandx. ft wan npjiaivnily tueont 
MM H pmctind Jiikv, but Ill)^ i»i]iiire, aucked 
in by an eddy, \ttiA drowiird ; and the nar- 
rator, wbobaanobUuii-fLirihequeen. aawin 
bistk-ath God's veogeanci^on ibe murderer of 
Montfort (i/i. p.«r>l. On ID Aug. 1274 Sfai*- 
pnn-t Avitb biT hiiiband Bltt-ndfd I*>lward Fs 
cnrcinatirm al %V(wtmin*l"r. ^bi! di<>d kmjh 
nltw at Cujiar CostU* (Fusnrx. i. .10>'i) on 
ii7 Feb. I^iii. anil <\m buritMl at Duuffnn- 
line. Th» R>-called chronictiT of l.«uercokt 
(really n I-'niiiciwan of Carlialel, who bad 
lii« infonnaiion from her confeasor. apeoks of 
her in the wannest lermc. ' She was a lady,' 
bo says, 'of gr«al bcaiiiy. HiKKtity, and 
huniitily — tiirw qiuilitiw which an- rarely 
found Ingcthor in the same poiMon.' ^be was 
a good friend oTtlu^ friara.and onberdi-atb- 
bM riforirod the but meranenla from her 
MnXEMor, X Fraoeiacaa, whilsahe refbaad to 

admit into Ikt cbAtnber the great bialiops 
and abbois {iMnnvrt C'krMi. p. 97). 

[Maltbew Pnrlt'K Uinturia Mi^or. n>b. it. and 
r.; Flarn Hiiitorinnini, Ti>U. Ji. nnd iii.; Lii<inl*]i 
Annnlra Monnttici (all in Itnlls ^^rira); ChrO' 
nlcl« of LniivrciMt (Ita&naljrao C)ul>) ; Odatiilar 
of DocumciitB irliitiDg to SoolUnil : Rjmn'' 
Fttdwn, vol. i, ; lurjiin's Chroniciv ; Sundfoid'* 
tiencobgiiMl Hial.irv. p. 03; Italiertioii'ii J^coU 
land iiniLor hnr Eiirly Kiitf!^, vol. ii. ,Kn *j;i!»l- 
]eiiC Lioerupliy ol" .Marg.iT'-i i< m Mm. iipc'ii's 
Livtnuf the frill L-ai!>i.-t of KHKlnnd.xi 170-^24.1 

T. r. T. 

M AHQARETf 12ia2P-19I8). quocnof Ed- 
wunll.yciuiigf.-x daiiirlilHTofPliiliplIl.falkd 
*ie lUrdi,' kiug- nf Krimcr, lir .Viin-, daughter 
of Ili-nrv Ill.duiii' nf I!nibiint,wn->liiirtiiibciiil< 
\'2^i. A prujJtiNil Yriia tuitde in \'J,'M liv lipr 
brotlitT. l'kili]>I V .t Lut Edward I i>r Erij;limil, 
wlioTvo* tfii.'ii \ widowiT, ftbould I'lit'ip; liiiii- 
self toronrr^- her iFudcra, i. TOU). The ijri>- 
poeol \rnf rcntrwcil as u coiidilian of pfiici' be-- 
twwti tile two kmj^ in llH'P ; a disponantion 

wiii»K"«"''"il''>*"""'f^^''''^I" luS. p.Mt"); Ihc 
iiiTunH«i"'''ii WH.1 cmirliiili'd liy tin- pi.-nce of 
Mmilrt-diliti \JW*: iiiul -MiirKnrtr.w-nainiirrit.'tl 
to EdwiirdbyAn-IibiMiiipWiiKlH'lscrnr. Oiiii- 
terbuiy on !l 8fpl,, rcrt'lvinu" an lit-r ilnwi'f 
Iniids c'f the 'niluL- uf lifu'en ihoiuaiid inumU 
ttuirtioi* (Ih. p, H7'2 ; *vf aeeoant of iiinrrlii(fr 
sol rm HI tics, wbic.h luMti'd fur four dnys. in 
iiftla Jirifum (hut. ««. (frnarii Cant. Opp. ii. 
■11"). Slit? ctili-n'd Lonclnn in OctoliiT, (ind 
after re»iilJun .■kimr' tiam iii tlifTiiwer liuriiig 
ter bnsbiitid's olteitci^. wnil uortliMdnU tii 
tDL'i-l him. Uii 1 .lune 1301.) nIk- iKirc iiviin nl 
BrolIn'rt'Hi, ti^inr Vork. mid imun'ii hiiiiTlio- 
miw. rifli-rHl.Tlioniinof Canterbury, tow horn 
!.lif liclii-ved »lii' owed the prcseivulioii of lier 
life. J'Vir .■•iunc tiirm wfltrr Iliiis slw appi.'irs 
to \a,\« Mavixl 111 Cnw()i)d. a ivfiidL-iiei' nl' lliv 
Artrlibisliop <if Yiirli. Ott I Aiiir. ISOI nlw 
bore a setund noti. Kdmiind, nl WnmUtiii-k. i 
Mifwiis Willi (li^kinjf iiiSi>i>llniid in l.'KK^-t. I 
Kilvviird i ripri'tif oil Iilt doww 111 V.Wt, and in ' 
MWI Cli^iiii.iii V (TPanted hiM'4,t)0U/. (mm ili« , 
It'iilli c(dli!i-ti"l ill Kiipbind for tli* relit-f of 
llie Uolv l.iijiil, In lii-I]) Irt in \\^t o\\fr\a>'% \ 
and in lii'r wurku i>f rlinniy ( l-'ndfM, i. !ilKl>. . 
At Wineln'^liT in Muv »hi' tiorn it fUitifhliT ^ 
railed War(-iin;l ( VS'iuiixdiAU, t, 1171 nr 
ICIyanor ( Fhre-'. siili an. ). w!ii> di(?d in iid'aiiw. ' 
III Jiini! she wiianrt-ftciii ut tbo kins'* fi^iut at 
WiwlraingtiT, anil wjri'ii circlet of (rold upon 
Ibcr )ii<nd, bill , lliniifrh hIih lind pr^'Ticmsly worn 
a ricli orown, thi' was nover erowiieJ qiii>i-u. 
Shit Acc^om nan i'>d th" kitifi; tn tlm finrtU, nrid 
wadn'itli Itimnt I.nin'rcusl iiiidCnrli^lt?. Stitt 
^••vod much (ivtfr Wr bii».bnnd'* dentil in 
l:«J7.nnil erap!oredJo]iu of London. pri'bublv 
Iior ctiapUiii, to writ I'u eulogy of him (t'Aro- 

m'eia* ff Edu^rd I atitl II, ii 3-31 >. In tW 

fallawing yisar abe creased ovM to BoiiWno 
with h(-r Hte]l^4ln. Edward II, to \te pn.-M'nt a| 
hi« uiarriaKo. Sbo died oti 1-1 Feb. 13IB, at 
Ihaajt^ of thirty-til, and wa8 buried iu the 
now clioir of the itrvj I'Vians Chiircb in l<oa- 
don, wbicb >I»t had buj^uii to build to 1900, 
and lo tvhitU abu gave two tlioasaiid mark*, 
and onv bundrwd ninrke by will. Shir waa 
bi;uutirul (ind pioiu, and is tailed ia a f^fa- 
U-mpiinirv ptH'tu " ilus Fniiu'oriini ' ( VoIUhmI 
UtiHyr, \i. X'i'-). \\::i loinb was dftfaci^il and 
eold by riir Martin IJowc* q. t." (Siovr, 
Stifixy iif Lonilvn, ])]>, JUS, Si* ) ; &«r tfliifY 
is, howevtr. pri'wrvi^d oti the lomb of Jobu 
of Kltham [t\. v.J iu Wvetminslar Abl)«y, 
and IN I'lirravcd m Strickland's ' Qucena uf 
IJngbiiid,' vol. i. 

(.Stnokliind'a lJo(*a«, i. 4fiS sfiq-; Kymtr'a 
r<niliim, Tr.i. 1. pt. ii. vol. ii. p^ t. pMwiti (JEix-iml 
e<l,) ; Political Soiic>i. p. 178 (Ciimdtn !>««.): 
\^1. cd. 1^70 ; (iciTiiao of Cam. n{ip. ii. 316..19 
(Itrills nil.) ; Ann. riiiilini, nnd Ciiliiiiii>iHti|tio 
l.ii urn tall lia, up. Clii-»-i. K-lvr.I. I'^w. II. 1,382, 
ii.H :!1 (Holla vl ); T, WnUiiij;hnn>, \. 19. Ell, 
11* (JloKn wl.); Of.m. 0!irno,iii). JohudcTrukt- 
luwn. p. hi (KdlU »!.); Liber da Atitifi). L^Kg. 
p. 2*!i (C«nni*n Sm" ): Chrmi, iMirnvM, pp. 1V3. 
■im. -2(10. VUS i^Iaitland Club): I>ii^l»l«'t Moa- 
Hctifou, vi, IfiU; }-iow'» 8urv«v. [ip. S4A, 347. 
i-d. [(-..ia.] W. H. 

MARGARET of S('.>ti.*sd (U20f- 

144Bi, wifaoftlie dauphin ).i(>uii(a(tfirwarda 
Louia XI. kinir of Krance). was ilit- eldrJt 
cbild of Jomca Jof Strotluniland Joaii DtMiu- 
fort. Her age as given in the dispensatiort 
for her tnnrriano in 1+^1 would fix li«r birlb 
to tlirt nnd of IJ:.*-! or Iji.'ginniiijT of l4^ 
(Ihuicoi-Rr, Ititt. dn CharUi' VIS, iii. 37). 
Bill iicporiliiig III ibd ' Lilwr Fluicnnltttiaia * 
(>ii. 3tfi) sh« wasiuitc iMi ii'ar* utd al licr 
miirria(;i'. l.'iiarlHM VII of Kraui-'p at iho <>ri- 
ti4.'iil luoment of his fortunes miiiI nn t.-i]ibB&cy. 
ol wlmni Alain (.'hartier the poei was niie, ill" ckiBt' nf April U^-*^. lo requiid 
thit liiind nf >Eiiryiin^l fiir itio datipliiii l.ouia 
(A. :t July 14:;-'tl. wjlh ri'tu-UfHl nlliaiirt! aiu) 
uiiliinry idd (HE*t-<WRr, ii. .■Il"lt. JauH>a 
bnjke otf Li* ne-icitiatirm.* with Kiiglniid, r*-- 
[i«wed the Spot<'-FK.'H('b alliance 1 17 .^phl), 
and inidertnok Ot) April! to et-iid Mai^ri't 
to I'mnri* wiiliin a ji'iir of ilie Itdlowing 
(.'and Icmnf , witb mx tliniunnd men. if(.'harl«a 
would wild II Nrt-iiidi Hurt iiml i-edc to him 
thcfoiintvof Snint.iiigrt nnd th^ BaigTiiorv 
of Hocln-'tWt {.ItU ufl'art. t{f Stvtl. u. 'M'~ 
•JH : Hiiii-cucuT, ii. aB7>, Tlic Fn-ncb couii- 
L'il di«liU<.-d ibc condil inns, but <>ii .^tl Oct. 
(.'Iiarli') itigned ibi> mnrriiiKe irenty at (.'binon, 
with ibe provision tbnt ^bould (be dau|ibiii 




di« before tLe raarrut|;v was cu usual unit r<I 
3ikT|^rc( nkouM mtury l.'barlL's's cixr Mir- 
1 iviujt »an, tf tbrru sWuld bo one, wLili; if 
^ftrfranM iln;<l outt of bcT aisUn sLiculil ht 
•ubwituii^d al ilio rlinice of Jnmnf (i&. Li. 
89S). In Apnl lIlW rbu Iviiglisli wunj oa 
tlifl toolt-oul for iho ll«rt wLirh wub l-n^vry 
MtrgHtt anil iho troujw to FrutK-i- ( J'rvx^' 
Mtigtiif Prity OwimV.tii. S:iA). Ilut CUrlua 
HVM TwIiMcl Iiy JiKiTi i)f Arc fram tlio nccct- 
aiiy trf piirclutsifi;,' liclp »<> tlcarly. IK- iitvt-r 
sent the de«i,aiiilii wns not until 1483 llml, 
ID alarm Bt Thrrt'Dovcd ni-iTDtintifinri brtwtHtii 
England and SLOtluMl. whicli i-tiilcil in the 
de>]Mtcli of English ntnlMiwn'l onto iii-ei>tiat« 
A iDiinBKfbftwr«'n II<-iiry nut) Kduiixliier of 
tlie ScDUi«1i kiiiK, 111: wTijre to Jaiu«a lati- 
nMltnn tltat llimijiti lie wius ii" longer in 
a««il oir Lix )iel|i. Iib would like llip priitcr»> 
MDl over. Jaiae» iu liis r^idy {6 Jan. H^i 
•Itudnt drjlr to ibe long diOnv iind niniuurn 
of u)ollwrDiarriniE« fur tltr- dmipliiti, ntid tv- 
qiin{«d a definite uiitlrrxlaticUtin ^liEAU- 
ooum, ii. 41»2-S). Iii\ovMiili>-r flmrle»aeiit 
B^nauUdirnn). his matin- d'bt'lfl, amliva 
ot&n, with ifiiinii-iiciuA (o ur(,i>. in i-'xeuw 
of th« long dL*Uy iu fending aa embouy to 
molce tbe final arrantteinnits far Mnrpafpf* 
cnminff.the king's grcnt clinrp.'" and jinvi-rly. 
JuDM was to b<> axkiid to jirondi.' tlu^ ilnu- 

TbtiU! witb nn escort of lwi> ihuiiKHiid uiitn. 
f llw! Scottish king a]]udi<d to rUe cowion 
of tSaintonm, In* vnw to bu nmiuded that 
Ctiari* bau ni'vcr cUlmod llic a&siHUnee for 
which it wtw proiDi»v(t Tbe atnbuiit^ndnn, 
»ftor a TOTOfie of 'gninde el nit'rv>-ill<'i>»e 
tonrmentD, rmchpd Edinburgh on ^'> .lati. 
1435 (Kelation of iho Kmbawv by(iinird. 

ti& ii. 4t>'J-M). A innnth lat'ir Jimnw a^tvctl 
tu M'od Mnrgarvt from liuniburt'Mi beruru 
Slay, in a tbN.t jirorided br Cbarlei, and 
pnardcd by tn-o thouvand Scoldib troops, 
-K-bo mi^bt, if ncMssurr, be retained in 
TnJtCf. He bihc-d that lii? datipltt<>r Bh»ul(l 
bave a Scottisli honwhold until tlip conxum- 

IBatinn of the marring, I liniiiili provision viu, 
to b« mwle ' pniir lui nppn-nilrn naa •ilut I't 
loa mnnivrrw pnr I* ' (i7f. ii. 41*9). .\{\i-r «ouio 
dielay, Ml^tn arrivt^ from CbatU^ji ancuunc- 
io^ Tito intnidi-d dt^pntch of a fli-et on 
]A July, declining Ihciitlbr of tbL-perniAtii-iil 
Wrricvv of i1m> St^ottinh «ttimrl, as hv nn" cii- 
ISnitjr on p«acv uei{'jCinti'ju» nt Arrn'. mid 
AKlarinc that it would not W m.i-<iwary t" 
Bsei^B a rcftd^nc-j toth'.'princifRiiisbi.- oiviint 
to [it«ci-rd nt ouco to ibi; cdcbnttion of tbv ' 
BtwrilKv til', ii. hW 1). Th? l-'n-iich tK-vt 
(HMImiI Dumbarton on i'2 ik^i., but Juuicn 
iMayi,^ bi» dausblcr's iinljurLatii.iH (ill 
37 March ] 4.111. Hh« laad«l at La Paliue in 
tbe island of H 6 on 17 April, unora pU-tiMut ^ 

vuya^f i7.iti. So.uot ' hatf-drad *bb91ichbi, 
fic'/Mii" rn Frrinif, i. IfCi, uud V\|,LEI BK 
\ iBlvit-t^, Jlinl. dt Vimrlr* I'll, ii. ^7;^, 
Mvl. On the lOtb iho waa received ai La 
lloctHiUe by the chniicrlloT, Itoguaidt da 
Cluirtn«,<^(^ after m'nimavtltarc proceeded 
In Tttur", whirl) slif tcnrbt.f| oii '24 Juno. 
Shi: wdH v-rli'DTncd by \\u'. ((Ut«n aod ih<- 
duiipbiii. Till! innrnitue iruscidt-brntt^d nr\L 
day in llif cathedral by tbt- .Arflibifthop of 
Ithuiuif, the Archbishop of Toiir> having; 
(13 Juiif) ^ranted iIid dispensation rendered 
ncweefflry ov tbe tpndpr ngc of the partiea, 
Tho dniipiiin mid dmipliiiic wrro in rttynl 
GOStunLC, bill OhnrU's. who hud jii»t arrived, 
went through llir (x-r>*m(iny huc>l<'i] iitid 
spurred (D&ircocBT, iii. .ID. A great f<4»t 
fcillowt'd. nod iht* iriiy of Tour* ^roviilcd 
Miii>riH!i dftucesandchoriLs-singinff lii.p.38). 
It wiM not unltl July 1437, attJiQ «arli««t, 
that tliL* married life of the youDg ooupla 
nrliitiliy liejrun nt Hi-n on Ibi* Loim {ib. va, 
;tis, iv. [*!'), Ii wiw fsu.d to bi' nnwt tmhnppy. 
While iHidtT ihi! ijufi-u'* ciirti )largiin.'t liKd 
hwn tresifd with tivery hindneiw, but I»niit 
reganied her with posiiive ntvrKinn (.Kxrja 
SrLvii's. Cuinuirnlorii, p. 1B3; CoMt^cBs, ii. 
274). .\ca>rdinpioG™tion<i.6U>,ed. 18(») 
»b«> WAS 'of such nasty coinpU>xion and evill 
•Hvuri'd brtm til that h'-iibborrwd hercompnny 
aaaehiiinti i^n'uttiniduthn c'lirt'on.* Itut thnra 
ia nothing uf thiK in unr cuntcRipnniry cbni- 
nieler, and Mmliiou d'l'jicuuKby pratM.» hur 
beaut V and nohlf (iiiiililica (HtiACCoirRT, iv. 
M>). .MBTgaret m)ii)i1iI consulalion in piiotry, 
(inrtoundod henolf with ladies of tiluilar 
UwtM, Olid is HiiJ to hare spent ^holonighlB 
ia CDiupuing rnmk'aiix. !>h(> ri'gurded licr- 
•olf aa ihit pupil of Ahiiu f'hnrtitir, whom, 
according to ii wi-ll-Wiiown nni'cdiiti< nipurtwl 
by Jac()t9ci* HmipUet in hr* ■ AnnnU of Aijui- 
taine' (p. 1'52, cJ. 1614), nlie onctf pnbliely 
kia~Ml ns ho lay nBk-i>p on nboncb, and being 
tahcn to t-flsk for cbonsinjf so ugly a tnan, 
: n'dirliifl ihni if whs nor llio Tnniiehc had 
' kiui'd. but ihii pmciniis ninutb from wliicti 
liiitl proei'fdcd *f) niiiiiT" witt%' nnd virtuoos 
sftviugi cMtcilBt,i, IH^; IlrArforirt.iv, SH)), 
We cat'~b gtimjMCa of hi^r laDying into tbo 
fiold-i with tbe court frivm Montiit-li-»-Tour* 
nil I .May 1444 to gafbcr May, and jVninff 
■ It llip splendid f<**tivitiaB at Naiii-'y and 
Chiilon* in l444-f>, ,\l Chulons on« ei«i- 
iii|^ in Jnnrtof tho latter ypur abf dniicvd (ha 
'Im-h! 'InQHidD Bourgoguir' wi[U tIik qut:eii 
' of Sicily and (wo otbcn. But the dauphin'a 
dislike iind negtci-t, forn-hieh he was warmly 
rvproavbvdb)' thu Uucb«»»Df Bui^iindv, tiow 
on a vi^it l>.>lb>.- court, liiducvdaun.-lancholy, 
KAid to haM.* been agK^'iVBled by iIm: n!i>ort.s 
sprvnd by Jamet dt; Tillay, a councillor of 

tbe kini;. cliat shp'vt'&s ittifNittifHl to Laiiii^ 
Uei' heaitli ik'ui iiiwi. *lii' lonk » cliitl nlW a 

{lilf^ima^ \iilli tliit km)i; In a ni'tjihlKtiiriiig 
slinni.' i.>u 7 Ati^;., arut iRttiLuitnutiiiii of the 
lunf^s il>»<rliin-J liiii'U uiwl lumli' riipiii pro- 
grviir. Sli« ri'pi'ftttfilly asiortt-d liur iciiocf iica 
i»f tile ronJiiL't imptiTiKl to her by Tilliiy, 
whom, UDlil tilmoBt iho luM ummeiit, slie re- 
fused to forgive, and was IiiihtiJ Io murmur, 
'S'etoit ma'foi, jp Tni:i rqx'iitiroiB volimicnf 
d'*tri* Tennppn hrnnft'.' Slni tlii'd on Itt Aiijj. 
at ton in rhn ^vcIlillg : hnv liwt words were, 
' Fi <le In tic A« ca mondti ! iif m'cn purliy: 
plH«"(rt.iv. ]0r>-10). 

Ui-r ri'iDuiiii w»ra prarUiaiially buri«d in 
tlio caUicdml of Chafone, until they could 
be n-muveU Io St. Deais^ but I>oiiiii n^xt 
yuar tnteri*d llicm in .St. I.fion At Tlimiftrs, 
wL^re lier tonilj, lulomt'd with nioninniMit* 
by Oliorle^ siirvivi^d iinlil l.lio rcvolutinii 
(MltiiRL, i- ll»l). If (liiheiirllossLouiidid 
not fcol the loe* of liin tliildli-sa wjfi-, il wkb 
n hcovy blow to kin pareiilO) willi wLom Mar- 
garrt lind alwiHyH bv«u a liivaurili^. The 
«litfck furtU'r LiupttJrvd the outtu'e lit-nltb, 
and (?burU-8, btjuriui; bow uuucli Margaret liad 
lakciita huart tlio charges of Tillay, ami tlis- 
estialiuJ willi tliD attempt of tin.- plivsicinns 
to trace h«r lilncM to livr poctit^at vigils, 
ordered an int|uiry to be held into tlio cir- 
ciimstanci.'V ot li<-r dciitli nnd tlin roiiiluRt of 
Tilliiy (fl.iv.IOl*. Ml). Tlia dtf|308ilioiis of 
tliutjiKt'ii, Tiiliiy, Mariiaret'a g^-iiilewotufu, 
oiiJ iliH ij!i;>siciaiis were taken partly in tlio 
autumn, jMirtly in thu ne.\l eiiuiiiier. Tlio 
comiiiisf loner* sent In ihoir rcjiort to tlm king 
in cmincil, but tcc hwir nolliinp more of it. 
Tillny ci-rtnuily k'-jii. Iu» ollie<' nnd llie fa- 
vour <if thrkiiic ('/'■ iv. lftl-2), 

A Ji'injr (if fomti Iwiiiiiy nu tbt dcalb nf 
tlio diiiijiliiiii-, ill wbii'Ii shi' liuiviiils lier lot, 
uiid njiikeii htr aJi<:iix, hn» b-eu primed by 
M. ^'nllet Ot? ^'irivillo (Jtfrue dt^ tSoaVfM 
Smnnttf, 1857, iii. 713-lf>l, who DttrilmtiB 
it loher tietcr, Isabi^l, ducliPM of Hiittniiy, 
and also by Mtcliel (i. IU.1). A Scwlliih 
tnin-lntion of nriothrr liimcnt in priiilfd by 
Stiivr-njiriii ( f.ifp ami Dratk iif Kimj Jiimrx I 
nff!i;/tfant/, pp. 1 T~J7, Maitlaiiil Club'). Tlie 
CollitTl MS, (if Miwsin'lfi contains an illu- 
muiiiiiou. r^pnidiicod byJoh'ncs.represeDtiitg 
Margaret's uiitry into Tours in 14;kl. 

[Pn Fwiinri do Bnnueourt. in his elaboraie 

HiBtoiro <lp ChnrW VII, lum i<n1li<c<rd nliuniit 
nil ilmi if ktrnwii (itimit Mjirgni-di ; FrMiici«i(Uc 
MirM'* TkiHunia un Frntivo is ii>t'fu1 bill iniici'u- 
MIc: r.itinr i'lnsranlcntii!! in llio HiHtor'H.ii.» of 
Scutlund; Miitbicii >rK«:(iucliyiind CooiiuM, cd. 
ttf ill* Suciil^ il.' niifttiiiii cli- Kmnci-; Pro- 
coodiognoritio PiivvOoiiuoiliod.Harriii NicoUv.] 

J. T-T. 

MARGARET cr Aicjor (H30-1482), 
HIIW1L fiHisort of Henry VI, wat bom on 
•Si Mnnili 14;flJ (I.wov 'liB H. Mirl-he, Xc 
/fell Krn^, i. I'M). Till' plai'.? of her binh 
U not (|uit(- ('bar. It wa" probably Pont-iW 
Moufsrin (ip Xancy (, Afasyurritt 

foiirib surriviair ehiU a( Uim* of Anjou and 
hiH wify Isaljetla, dauj^hler and bmress of 
Clmrl"fi II, duke of I^rraiiie. HenA himself 
was 1 1 w »Pcond «oti of l.oui8 1 1, duke of Anjou 
and Itinjif of Naplet, and of his wift* Yolandw 
of .'\rngon. Tin wii$ th)ii> tho ^nvat-ErMiiUon 
of John thd (Jood, kin((of Frnnicc. ni*Bi*t*>r 
Mary wna tb(' wife of ('l>ttr!(=t VII, king of 
Franw, and Ktwd himaslf wu* a «lo»e &i<!Rd 
of hi* brC'ther-iii-luw- Olid luinlronr a partisan 
nsbieweakntviiallowL'dof the royulanoppovMl 
TO iho Diirifundian paKy. At the taue of 
.Margnn^fs birth Iti^tifi po»«t«»ed nothing hut 
tha littli- county of Giiiso, but within tbiwo 
luouthi liv viiccui-dcd to bis ^an d- uncle 'e in- 
hi-ritani.'u of thi: duchy of uir and tha nutr- 
i|uistito of Pout-ii-Mijuenan. A little lat47, 
'Jo Jan. Ij^l, lliv <li;»tb uf MarearetV ma- 
teriiul grundfather. C'hurlud II »f Lorraine, 
gavo him alao Uie throne of' lliut duchy, but 
on ^ July Hon* was defeattd and taken prt- 
foner at ]}uleii6vitlc by the rival claimant, 
.\n1ony of Vatidfmont, who tranffnrf-d his 
jiriiumcr In tliri cuotodv of Duke Philip of 
tliirjt'utidy (It Dijun. Ili; wiis not rvlrwcd, 
cxRujit fur a lliue un panilr, iiiilil K«bniary 
14It7. Hut iluriiiK hm iniiiri.-<f>umt'tit Keni 
svLcwedcd, in \iM. by the death of bis elder 
blather Louis, lo the duchv of .Anjou and xo 
th(! county of Prorcncc. In February 143fi 
Queen Jonnnii II of Naples dird.b'uvinehim 
Hslicr hi-ir lo conlfst lliiil tbroiicwitli Alfonaa 
of Anig^iiu, ^Vit1i ttii- at brxt doubtful pro* 
specl^a of thd moiiurc.liy of Neplea went; tba 

iiuri'ty titular aovereivniitu of nutimt7 and 
lemaajem. Uentibad alao tnhimlea «)iialljr 
fantiutic claims to Majorca and Minorca. 

llcr fiitliL'r's rapid euccession to eatates. 
diffiiitie*, and cIsimK ^aru some iioliticaL 
importance cvrii to the infancy of Margarrt. 
Till' li)iig cnplivtty of Itim^ lt*ft Mnr]g«ivt 
tvntirely unilcir tbti cam ijf hitr uIjIh and. 
hi nil-spirited imitlifr, lHa1>elbi of Ixirraioe, 
who now slrovL- to K^vei^ as best abi? could 
iho duchies of Lorraine and Itar. Bnt after 
113*1 Ualwlla went lo Naples, wb«n> sho 
(•cprted hi>rw?ir, with no email niaaxnrc of 
Hin'Ki?!'!', t" prot'tir*^ h<?r buiibaiurfi n-cngnitioa 
fiA kine. Itlnrpiri't wan tbprt'ujmu trantfvnvd 
fnim Aiiticy,1 hi- ordiitiiry hitmrof hiir infaney^ 
to Aiijou, «iiw (fovfriit'd in Renfi's nirnio by 
bfr grandnioihi-r, Yolando of .\rap«u, under 
whose ehar^ Margaret apiiarbntly remained 
untilQueen ialande'adeatti,aal4'Nov.U4S, 




■t Saumur { ib, i. 2S1 ). Duria^ ihew yeare 
Uargnnit a»inly reiiiileJ ai Samnnr and 
Ax^m. In l48t tleii^.tni liis rcli-asr, spent 
■«»■ ttniv iu Aiijoii. bni lie •^[•.-t'dilT hurricil 
olf to Iitly toconsolidntr the UiMncKquirui) 
for liim \^ the betoism of bis conwit. But 
Ike HUBP re«r that uwih" i)f«tliof Yolutcie 
Wittieiaed the final divuomliinn! of ilie Ati- 
mrin cause in IihIt, nnd tirii^ and Istbelliit 
mlMuidoiiiu; tli» oiruKul^- Tvtiirufil lo IV>- 
TmoK. Kor lliu KM of bis tifi^ ilcaf yrmn 
rarn-lyaUluIiirkiiiKofNapIi'*. (in receivinff 
dxiucn-sof bu mother's cU>nth. Krtif- htirriii) 
UjABJou.wherchpaTrivodin JiiiH' UW, Fur 
die neil ftwyeur* he remaiii-'l for lite imwt 
am mitleni at AiijCMi, ^inrxlly living at 
Anmn Castln with his o'tfi> iiu<l ilHU{|rUlera. 
Aiffou thprvfura continued Mar^rarei't home 
■tniil she atlained the age of fcmrieeii (cf. 
Lbc^t, Camplen tt Mhaoriati dm Jtoi Jien*, 

The flonstajit flneiuilions of R«a6'> Ibr- 
tuiea ue ir«U indicnlpi] hr tba long luiM 
of narriaf^ proptxcd fur SlnrnntU lugia- 
fUBfr almoat from hrr crudli*. In February 
1433 IC««A, tliMt TvlcsMd Tnr a time on 
painlo, BjiTerd at Boliain ibat itar^mret 
•koDltl tnany a ann of the Count of ^^ni^l- 
Pol; but tlie amen«nt Mme to nolhiw 
And ttMi6 vuaiUMquentl; rnrmillTrelraMO 
from it. In HI'JS ITitlijiof Hnr(joniJT,I{rT)r» 
«a|it<?r.iirje<itI»tM«ivawt*hr.uIH hi-tri-ddod 
to Ilia yowiff ton, tli« C'^tint of < 'har^tloiit, IIk'O 
• Wt a vearolif, but nftiTtranli fikmou.* a« 
ChaA>«1hc Bold. Slu! wa* to bnn^ Itar and 
PDOt-ii-3IoinM(M> aa a nuurioKe portioo to ber 
hmbaad, and oo accurv ibi- ^ViTvct r>;>nii<i!iion 
■ ^ t t we i n lliuLovr Uountriv; and Iturpindy, 
'iriucb wan to importnnl an ol'ji.«t; oJ Hup- 
^uwliBit policy. Hut Itcaf [uvf'.'tri.'dtorcni&in 
■n prison nithvr ibns f:\\e up hi* inlicritancr. 
The elori- llial a w.-crot ntticW In lln- tn-alv 
which relcaacd ICi-u^ in 1137 rtinuUtc-d that 
Uugmtaliouldnarn-llenrv VI ufEDsland 
Ibi on (he bn of il, ainnn]. tkniiub accuptetl 
br tbr Count of Qua In; liar be», tlii> (.-diloi of 
KcnO worlia yil-Mrrrii Ju llui Jlmi, i. xlii.), 
and manj other modern wiiitrs icf- Lucoc, 
i. ll*7t. U»t llie Itiirj^uiiilinn plan for an 
Au4[e«in alliance ivaneiill pn-iwd forwan). 
In tbr suBintT of 144:! Pbiliii nt-yT>< iatt-d with 
Iwhella for tli« taarria^of Slartraretwitb bii 
hanmianCbaxlu.cauntorNi'vm. <>ii-4Feb. 
1443 a iDarriagE Irt-atv wao actually aisned 
•t Taiajicym, but CliaHe* VII nppoaeu the 
naicb, aad it wai abAmlonnl ( 0. m YKtsSK 
BE Bk*i-Cocrt. Hutoire dt Charif* Vtt. iii. 
^iki; at-i^ far all the abovMnepotintiunit Ln'x>r, 
Lr Tivi fl(W. i. IW. 117, 127. l:*t>, 231. nnd 
tba aotboritiea quoted b,v bimV 

Hon tempting pnwpKts for ^far^n-i 

I wexe now oA'iMed fhiin anotlu-r niiart«r. 
I Since law llic iM^aoit jiatlv, hemled Dy V^v 
' dinal BcaufoTTi liail G^inetl a ilt«ide<l HAonn* 
dc-ncf lit tbe Knslisli c>3urt, and liitd aouKht 
1(1 tnorrt ibt- young Henry \'l to o French 
princcn.'' at tlw V-*! wny of pmnirin? t lie In- 
uinpb 'if tbfif p<'lii_v. Rut iJieir tir*t efforts 
werw misui'.'O'.Ml'uI, iind i'\eit"l thrsuipicious 
' of I hi' Freni'li, •* iiivnliing a rwirwiil of tbo 
alliance bvlwerti iIih En^lisli and tlic old 
fpudoi party in France. Ilowevi't, the Duka 
of Orleans, wlm bad been relenMil from liit 
I ICiiKlish prlftin lo promote aiicb a plan, now 
, rbnii;;i>d Ilis j»licy. After the failure of 
I thf Arina|iniic narriago, and tlif? refiual of 
ObarlMiVII to give one nrhiK<lnii^bl«n tn 
lleniy, Orleaua «eem<i to hnvii »nggv'Ht<'d^ a 
marriage between Henry nnd Mai^irvL of 
Anjou. The idea waa warmly tiikcn uji bf 
lleury himself and hy ihe It'eaitfnn pnrty, 
tbouch violent iyoppc^ei:! byniiniphn>y,duiie 
of Qiouci'stvr [q. v.i, nnd the advocatia of a 
•piritvd fnmun rolirv. In Felininrv 1444 
Willijim do III lM-,i-«rl of SiilTalk '[fj. v.l, 
wasai'nl to tn'aiforalrun'with'nur unclrof 
France.' He luid furtlwr inetrurtions loiip-. 
gntiale the An^\m mnnrio^ Chatlfi* VII 
i now hold bia court at Toun*, wbither King 
Ken6 came from Angeni. nnd ^ve hia con- 
sent to tlie Banitteo of his daughter i& the 
' inter<4i|it of the Fnnob nation and throne, 
^SiiHolk WM welcomed on his arriTal at 
loan by Rood, and tbo n«ftotiations both for 
' tli« marriaiita and Irupv orocMdoil quickly 
■ and smoothly. Early in May MargAre(,xvbo 
bad i^uininedbpliitid at Anger*, wogbrouglit 
, by C|aeen laahella ti> meet llio Kngltith am- 
f baeandort. Hhe n-a« lodged with ber father 
and mother at tbe abbey vf B«aumant-U»- 
Tour», On U'J Mar it was decided to coa- 
clitd*- a truce and tlic marrian of Margaret. 
On 24 Mnv tbe rolctun botr»ibal of Mar- 
garet and itvniy was cvlobmlvd in the churdl 
of St. .Murtin. Tbo papal k(nt«, Pulcr da 
Monte, bUliopof Breticia,officMt«d,andSuf- 
folk elood nnwy for the abaent bri<lrKTnou. 
The king 01 France toolt a prominent part in 
the curremony. which was canrieil out with 
great pomp and »lalelini'«s. It tenuiiuited 
with o great fcust oi ^l. .lulian'a Abbey, 
where Snugarct waslrealed with ibe re^pc<rt 
due lo a queen of Kogland, and received the 
aame honosTa ea her aunt the Fnach (|ucen. 
Straagc shows verv nhibitcd, int-ltxling 
gionta with trees in their hand*, and meo- 
at-arms, inounled on camels, and ebarj^ing 
each other niih laucaa. A great ImII terati- 
noled the fe»tivitit!tf, and Margaret reiunied 
lo AngOT* ( I.ECxiT. i. I'al -3, ii. 2:>+-7; Vh-LKT 

DK VlKHILLK, <:.%tWM f'JJ.i'l. ■^LO-l■, STB- 




xxxviii). (_hi as Maythe tniw of Tours was 
*ign(!il, lo Inrt for notvi-lv two yiwrs, betw^ftu 
hiifjinnd nnil i-'mnci^ nnd thoir rc-*ppctive 
ullic*, iimonij wlioin Kine l^enfi■wll9 iufluded 
(C'osSKAr, Let iirand* Traits* de ia Guerre 
de Cent AM.m. lS2-:i). 

Vwioua liitnGultie} put off" the actnal (wle- 
Lira.tioii of -Mar^uryt's luarria^. nerfhthpr 
WMit to war SRoinrt Hit.- citrof MBtJii nnd 
WM fti(l«d bv Cliarli!» VET- Fiiinnciiil difS- 
cultic-s tlvlnycd until Ilciccmb«r tlio de?])ilTcli 
of t lie ronjcnificcat cmbaMTwIiicli.'Wi-illi Suf- 
fullf, now n miirqui*. nt. its Ijcnd, wns dpstiniMl 
to fetcli MurgDn:t to IvuKUcd. ^ulFolli, on 
reacliitij; Lijrru.iin.',fouud lii-iif, wii U liia put et 
Kiutr t'lturlea, luU-nt upnu. tU« reducti')" of 
Meti. TlntfurlliL'rdiOuyiuaterjsutKlBUKSeatcd 
bolU to couivuipotariee aud to later writers 
tliat frcsli (litliculties had arisen. It vstt be- 
lltivcd in Ensland thut ('horlcj) iind KenS 
BOiiglit to imjioisi} frc-jih comlitiocin <m Su^'jU*, 
Slid lliiU T.Iic [''n^'li.ih miibiini<iidur, t)|j|3rt;heji- 
ttiTB of till.' fniluro rjf tin; mniriivi; treaty, 
waa at laal. ftircHd inUi wci'iniiiK itic Kreacli 

(iropriMal iLal Le WaiiHaudtbu tit lier towns 
leld by the lOauli^h ia Moinf- ehould be sur- 
rrudared to Charles, tho lilu^nr count of 
MititK-, and Ilcnt-'s youtigor brother, Thii 
•tor.v is foiiiid in OiisTOiKiu''* ■ Theoliipiciil 
DiclioiiJiry* (Lofir iiftm Vrrilittwu, w. 11*0, 
201, 219. <'d. J. K. T, no(") iind in liie 
' Clirntiiirli' ' of Bi.Trv ktiig-nl-Hrnis (Godb- 
FRnr, C/iar(r* Til. \i. JiW), niid liiis been 
Heneraily in some I'unu accepled by Ivns-Ii»h 
writi-rs, incliidiuft ItiHhop 8lubbs. Mr. J. 
Gnirdner. and Sir James KAiusav 1 Slii't. ijf 
L'nfflnnil. Vm}~\i>*-\ u. IJ2>. wfi 1 iiddinv* 
Wimp riitlHT inci.Micliii»ive ijvident'" in nuiiixirt 
of it. Tint nuny nr-itmn mi'n' pnwiip. iiiiij whs 
(tt-rhajw bwfd iipwi nii arlicliMif Still<il!i'*ini- 
peai'hiiH'nl. Tlii-M In 1101 u Kernjmf cviJi^tiee 
that SiifliilW raadf evLUi a vorbal prouiiaa. and 
noiiLiThut aiiyt liiiifc traoehevoiis was t^onli'in- 
pUtod ll)KilK»uruLiiT,i/M(. rff CAnr'/'M VII, 
IV. Iti"-*^). Marffarel, however. was cni-Hfiilty 
kept in tht^ backsmund, nnil may witi, a* hii» 
bwii iiu^|;i>;^t<^d, huvr.' bi'i'ii liltldt-ii iiwiiy in 
TounJHi* (lUMRikv, ii. (iL'l wliili! SiilTolk wint 
coiuluciiiig till) fiTml uu^»tini ioim iit Nancy. 
Sho only reached Nanev early in l-'flirnary 
(Btiicoricp, iv. 81 ; ei. Caj-ukt, JH't. rf* 
tiorraine, I'roiives, vol. iii, col. etc. pp.ii-iii). 
Attlifl end of tho same iDotith .Metx nmdo ito 
eiibmiMion lo ihe two kiiigs, ami thf Knnch 
and AngDvin courts i'cIiiitii''(I to Xanfv to 
a pwioe of gnrgi-cjun foitivit.ics. I'Jirly in 
Mareh tho proxy marring^ wfis pt>rfonni>il 
at Noncy hy il»' hiaUop &f Tom], LoiiJ* do 
Mernueourt. Kiftht days of jouats, fuaf^ts, 
balls and revelry Cflul»mte<l the auapidous 
oooation. The nkarriagn treaty was not 

Tmally engi<oMed until afttr Eutor, wh^n 
the court lind <iiiilfced N'niicr for (.'lialonit. 
By il Mflrwrct toott as htr'only marriAgo 
portion lo ht^- huiiband thi- iihndowy rigbtii 
which l{en6 had inht^riti'd from hiiimoth«rto 
thi) kin^am of Majorca and Ttlinorca, and ths 
renntinc^d all her claims to thi< rwl of ber 
father']" heritajfe, Margaret's real present to 
her huntiand was peace and alliane« willt 

Jlar^rct, eseortod bv Suffolk and a veiy 
auinerouBBnd brilliant lollowiiig,wnxnccQm- 
paiiied bylieruni:k',('hnrl«i" VII, forlliv first 
two leases out of Nunc-y. andehv took leAve 
af himitil«aT»4BERKi Itoi i>'Arii£», p. 420). 
Reii6 hinuelf tu.'COiuputiii.-d Mtuvucvt as fur as 
Har-k'^lhic, and her br'>tht:r .lnhn, duke of 
Calabria, <u far as L'am, which she reacted on 
I&Marcli. Ontho ItllhshcwasreCBivedTritli 
r^al Hlali; at Kotr«-I)niiic in Paris. On 
1 1 March the Dulic of OrWnnii,thori'alBitlhor 
of ike itiati:li,fsconcd lii'rtit!ii'KnKlii«hfroii- 
tier. which wie enria-idal riji(«iy<MAri'in."JT, 
' Journal i'arisien,' .VeminWadr In Surifli lie 
i'Uiftnirc de Paris, W. 32). Tbew Kicbard, 
diikcofYork, governor of K ormaiidy , rece i t ed 
Wr under hiis care. She was conveTcd by 
wBterdown the SwincEroin Mantes to lloucn, 
where on 22 >ratvh a ntntc cnlr}- into tho 
Norniau [capital wiut cclohratcil. Rnt Mar* 
K'arel did not npix-ur in tlii> procnMion, and 
the Countee* of Sali»l>ury, dreweil in ll»e 
qiii-cn's robes, acttd her part (lilATBlBtr 
n'KwoiTUT, i. piflj. She wsa perbapa ill, 
a fni;;! wtiich probably accounts for a delay 
of nrurly a fortnight before she wai able to 
ni>.»8 the CliAiiiiel. Sli.- g.iiied from Karfleur 
in tbe cog' John nf (!liijrliotin^, arriving 00 
9 April at I'orLsaiioiitb, 'niek of thi lnhour 
and indisposition of ih« j^a, by the tit-owion 
of which the pokkes hefn briiken out iijion 
her' ( Proceedinfft r^f t'rt'y Cnuncil, vi, xvi). 
Till' ilisenxi' can hardly, however, have been 
Mwall-piix. i««nti 1+ April she n-as well pnongh 
iDJiiiri thi kinff at hoiithampton {Want t^f 
UnyliiJi in Frnnr.e, j. -t-IHJ, (_)n 2S .April 
Dishoj) Ayneough of Salinhiirv n>pi-ntod llw 
marrioye serviei! at Tiihlirld Abhov. Dn 
2S May Margaret solemoh- t'nlen-d Condon 
((inKUOMY, Cfimnii'ie, a. I^tj), paii^in;; under 
a dt'vice represent tap Peace and Plenty i*l 
III! (in London Itridijp, anil welcomed even by 
lliiniphn>y "f (.>loiice*lpr, thn most riolent 
<j|i;ninontoftlui Frendi marriafre. Un SO May 
*in' wn* rmwnfld in W(«rtuinalf>r .Vbbov liv 
Arehbinbop Siaffnrd. Thrm'davs of toii'ma- 
uienlii brought ths lonR fe«tivitif« to acloM 
( WvKCESTEH, p. "6 0. parliament i^on con- 
ferred on Margaret a jointure of 2,001)/. a year 
in land and 4,0(J0/. \'M, id. a yuar id money 
{IM.ParLv. IIB-SO). 


Slorcvct win just (iAmu irlwii ebe Ae- 
rivnl ill KofflaAil. She vua ^rood-looking, 
ircU'icrowu ('epocic vt fornia jiriNlatu,' B&- 
BUT, i. lotf), itnti prcciTcious |prl, inbaritinff 
fully ibe virile aualilit--* of Lcr iDgthrr and 
enutdaiotlicr.BaanUo, na iivcnts rtran sliowt^l, 
Dotli tliv&bilit; iind Huviigvry which iKltin^d 
to iMaripr all tlie nwuben of Lhi: yonuger 
bouM of Aujou. iUie waa well brtmifbt up, 
ami iaharitM Bomelking of her f&ihiv's liic> 
Fuy tastes. She vob a ' dovout pilgrim to 
the afarine of itoccncdo' (CiiiSTELULt, vii. 
100, ed. K'-nyn dc Lettrahovo), dclightitit! 
in licr jrouih in romancu of chivalnr, itnd 
Beck i nj; djiiaolkl ion in hor t-xilc and minfur- 
Talbot, eari or S^wnbury, pn.M'iiled lier 
with a Korgeoiuly iUuminat«d lolume of 
Fnncli rotnaoeei. that 'after abe bad Icnrnt 
Enxlish she mi^bt not fonret h«r mottii^r^ 
tociftue' (Shaw, Dre»st4, 5c.. <(f the Midttlr 
Afnt, u. 49). The niuniMt^^ript i» now in tli>' 
BriC'iali .MiiMtuna ( lloynl MS. 15 P,. vi.> ^lu! 
TO aim a kivn Inveroriliorlnii'i'. ('Qnitniitly 
OcttiTinff lliaC llif itnmr in lir-r riir>-j>Lit fllioulil 
ba »tricily im.'Mirxt'd fur licr own u*i'. and 
inuruclia; a cunninfr tniiiu-r of hound* * to 
maki! iwo bloodboniida fcir our use' {Lttten 
mf Maryartt x^f A^h, 90, 100, 100, 141. 
OtndanSoc.) The popular troditionn which 
amagn to her a leading pnrt in Uie iivEtxta of 
the fint f«w rtfir* succi<k<din^ her murriugn 
■19 tuiitlwr lilcnly in lht'in«f Ivph luir ritrilii^d 
hy eaMrnmiJOvary auUiitrity. 8lii) eiuui- let 
lut|{Iand wiihout poliiieal 'i-xjx'rii-tict*. But 
■ha (oon learned who wi.-n> Ut.-r TriL'nda, and 
identiflccl bcnelf with rhe Beaurnrt-SiiBolk 
poity, KCOguiainf; in Sutfolk th'- true ii?;!i>- 
tiaior of the match, nnd bt^iiii^ sttach^ hoili 
to hiiB and tn his wif", Chnucer'a irrand- 
dautfhtflr, hv strong pnt«nrnl lie^. l'nhii>l(ilv 
tar MT mna. for t\n> natinn, thfi ni<Ti!r pot 
beyond tlw pnrti*nit'« ri«w nf h<-r piinition 
imv Coum*, Mimoire*, ti. 280^1, «d. Du- 
ponl). A ■tiiu)g(>rto th« cuittom* and tn- 
tenfta o( bar iMopttxl «ouiitr>-, >lie narer 
kamtd to play the part of a modintor, or to 
raiw tlw dvvn ahoro the fierce fiiction fig''' 
thai cunstaallv rofr^'d r<>unii Henry'* court. 
In uletitifyiaf; her hu»buad ooiDplvttilr with 
Um MM faction, ibe almo«t forced lh<; rlral 
party into o^}«itir>n \'y thv Icitifi nnd I9 ibv 
arnaatiTi which lircd only to mtifv the will 
of nval Gtction. Nor wi-iu Miirviiri-'t'a 
atmoei if natural Fi«ni:hnyinpiilhii-f<.la!i& ia- 
juhnii.4 to h«r8(!lf and tohiirhiubaiid'scAusG. 

To procure lbs prolnugation of tliu lriic« 
with France waa tba firet object of ilifi Eiip- 
tloli KOrenuunt nft«r her arrival in Eni;lnnd. 
Her fint wrll-markcid political nets we^J dc- 
toted to this same objiM^t. A great French 

9mbMsyeeat U>l!n){laiidinJuty l-UCagrwd 
to a ebort rea9waloftb« irai^UfOiid toaner- 
toiuU meoting b«tw<»a Huary and Charlee; 
bitt itnnicdiatclir iiftorwiiids o second French 
umlKU^, (o which Rcn( uIm butu letters of 
|) roc u rut ton, ur^^d th« sumiiacr of the Bng^ 
ii.ih [Kja^MiDUi' in .Muim; i» Krni'a brother 
(.'harlea. ' In thin uiuUcr,' Marjenrvt wrote 
to lC«ii6, ' vru VI ill do jour {jIuukuiv iu* much 
Its lies in our power, oa we linvii nlniiya done 
alrendy'(STf:vi:.vsuH,i. Irt4). ] ler ciiTreiitiva 

Erovcid8iicccs«ru]. On ^'i DtcIItinrvpledned 
iimtdfinwrilingtothcsHrreiidcrof LeMuna 
iu';.ii.«39 J'.»), But ihi- wwiliui'M and hesi- 
t4ilingpc>li[ryiif t)ii^Eni:li.di ^.m-nnncnt prc- 
viiiitfd the l-'rendi from ^tt.iii^ [KMKsaion of 
r« Mum b.-fi)n! 1148. 

SlaryHrot was iirMcnl nt iha Bury St. Ed- 
munds parliament. of 1J47, -when Duke Hum- 
phrey cflino to a trngic end, hut iialUinfi ia 
niorr.' jL^atuiloiiB thitn the ohnr^ M^metintea 
brought ngninst her of linTing any share in 
hi« dpNl h ; ihough d»uhlI<iM she rejoiced in 
p*lliii(; rid (if Hii en>-iny, Mnd xhe Minwed 
Ki>nii' |in*c>diii*-M in niipm|iniiliH)r |iart. of hit 
I'ALiiU'ii on hi'bulf 4if lior joint un- on the vi'ry 
day iucceediiiff his doceiise ( IUwmi, ii. 77 ; 
Fad^ra, si. 15.5; Rot. Part v. 13:1). Siif- 
ftilk's full in 1449 was a greot blow to hur. 
8be fullv shnrod the unpopularity of the un- 
succeuK^il miniKter, Tho wildoat llbaU w«ro 
circuliil'^liiluxit hiir. llwiwrumourodtihTCad 
thiit Klut wiu 11 huJULn) iind nn truu dniif^hter 
"f thi- kiujr (if Sicily (M irnioi; IVt^orciiT, 
i.S03-l). The lileiutureot'lliu m-jit ci-ntury 
iiigf;eiit8 that Marunrvt liad improper Mn- 
lions with .Suffolk; but this ix absurd. .StifloSk 
wn* nn eiderlv mnii. iind his wife was vwy 
friciKily Willi \lnrpir>'t diirinjr hii" life and 
nft'T liiKilniith. Miirtturi-t imw tnia'fi.'rr^il to 
Somcrsri tho finnfidenen which *hp hml for- 
merlv frit for But tho l(i« of Xor- 
miHiJ^-, quickly followed by Ihut of Ouicnne, 
»oon inTolved Sonii>r«L't in as deep an odium 
na that SulToIk had incurred. It nlw strongly 
nflectdd Margaret's position. She camo aa 
the iv|irMenlatiT« of the policy of pence with 
I''rancv, but ibnt policy liad been to badly 
carried out thiit England wa* tricked out of 
b«r bnrd-wou dominioiu beyond eca. 

Tbo IcadcT^t of the cuntonding factions 
were now Uichard, duke of York, who bad 
popular favour on hi< vide, and Edmund,dukv 
of Soniereel, who was tiupularlj divcrcdiied. 
Jlurffarel'a constant aJvot-acy of riuuirtrwt'ti 
faction drove York to itoleut coursea aliuoat 
ia hia own despite. When in 1 460 Somerset 
was tlirowD inio ynum, ho was released by 
MargnoflV acency, and again modo chief of 
tlwt council. Wlinn York procvrod hia second 
iiiiprii<oniacnt, Margaret vieitcs] liim in the 




Tower, jvnd nemirt'rl liirn or hoT conTinilcil 
fRvotir (Waiirix, CJiivnupjtrt, 1447-7), pii. 

Miirjini'i-'t waa now iH'j^umin? fo lake on 
dclivfs part, not ftnly in (^n^ral policy, but 
in th»a«tail« of tidminktrntion. She hepdmp 
jh active BdminiBtmlor nrhcrnwn p9tjilw,fl 

fowl t'ficii'l to hiir srrvnnta iiikI dtpr^nrfi-nts, 
lit ■ hearty fun to I h.o*» whom she ilisliltwl. 
Her priTnt(> ofim-opoiirlniint aIiow* liPr vnffi^r 
toe fiivouw, gT**dv and iniporTunnti^ iu Ih-t 
Tcqucett'iUnKTupuloiiaiiiyittiliidK' hM'THt-iidti' 
inturvMB, nnd uti uulliiiliiug ' luiviulftiiier,' 
coDHtiLiitly inUtfering wilt tlie C'liuwe of 
private juttici'. Slif wns an iaiMatigaWe 
UUitcb-tuuki'r, and 'clilma C('Jt)u;<l iiniildlin^ 
willi the private alfairs of the jwiitn- (^Lettert 
«/J/flroarc^<-/.in;!K/,C'wnidtiiSoc. ; lUUfAi:, 
ii. U'S.'Ul i Pa>iNn I.Htvr>. \, 131.SM,*J5, 
ed. Gairvlncr"). Ptior and ^rocdy, shu uarly 
olitnmcd an uiiUmilcd puner of t.'vadlii^ lltJo 
cufltnrn^ dutictand iLu alaplu rcxulaliutu bv 
B liciMwto Hxijorl wool and tin wUitUersoevcr 
tAw p^asi'il (H.iJisAY. ii. IK)), 

A iiwiri* ploasincgiijii of Morpflret's activity 
at tliia time was her fotmdntioii of Qncons' 
Oollt^ffe, Oambridtrc. Tlirroul foiirdcrof lliie 
boiler wiw Andrew Diikri ; <(, v.l, r>;cUjr«if St, 
Bololpli's, Catnliridjiit!, who hau obtaini.'d in 
Co! !<•«*, cilh^l St. Uernard'a Colle((e, of wlilch 
fce liiiiisi^lf w'as to bi^prpsident, Hut he nfter- 
wanU enUr^i'd his site- nnd his plnn'.nitd in 
1447 persuaded thf qiii;on, whri ^xt\* pnihnbly 
nniinns to imifati- h'T hiuitmnd's grvntrr 
foundation of Kiiii£':> { 'nllciri-, to intiTpjit licr- 
eelf in the work. Shi-i"'ti!linn'dlifr!iiwbaiid 
to grimt a ww diarter, and, as mo roIlejjH in 
Cninhrid|;« Imd been founded by any ijueeii, 
ithn Ih-^^'iI lliat il mi^lil be called Queea'is 
CnlliyL', of Si. Mary and St. Bernard. The 
jiraver was Brant cd, and in 144S a new charter 
of /oundation uiis issimiL. The whole of the 
endowniMit, bowiiT^r, WM'init to have btiMi 
contribiitc-d by Dolcnt. On 15 A[iril UP*hvr I 
cbcimbiirlnin, fiir J. Wi-iibick. laid \\m liwi ; 
Btfmii of ibf! chapel, wliich was optn-iU for ' 
womhip in 1I6J{^kakle. //wfon/fj^ Queen*' , 
Gillepe, Cam&ri'li/c, Crimbrtrlge AntlqiiHrian 
Soo. 8vo Bt-r. No. ix. : Wili,i« nnd CuiKx, 
ArvAitfcfHri/ rii'lor'j nf ('a-nibridfff). After 
Mai^fRret'* fall lhi.-i'olli'(ri' full into arrnil rlifll- 
Ciilties.bHl Dnlii'l fiiiiinyp-wiiadi'd KIiKaliii|li ' 
Wydvilli', iln' <jiiL'*-n of Kdward IV, to n-- 
fiund thn hourtc. The course of events pivo 
Ttfar^n-t a iii-w importance. In Angitat |.|5S 
ir«nrv vr full into a tondiclon of poiujilete 
prMTration nnd insanity. On lit Oet. ilnr- 
(faret rave birth t* licr only son, sfter more 
than eight year* of barmiiMruui. Tho fcinu'a 
UlneMputnn end to tlm old rtntpof confusion, 

liiTuli- tliroiigli hi* name. A rpffency wa« now 
IH;ces*ary. |i'or ^hi!! pneition Unrffnret ber- 
BL'lfwiW ft claimant. In Jnnnary IJ.'it it tn* 
biiown thai ' tin- i]m'i>n Imtb mad<i & bill af 
livo aPticb'S, Ti-liei-fJif thi> fiwt i« lh«t ah« d»- 
sireth to have the wboh- mk- of llii* lund' 
iih. i. S6Ji). Itut puliUc fei'llni; wiw ttnntgly 
iiga:n»t hi?r. 

3Jtint'>Tar, it !■ Tight n, KNnt abiuivn 
A Wdmau of a laoil to !>• a r«-^Dl. 

{Pd. I\um*, ii. 298, Itolb S«r.) 

OaS7 Marcb paHiamewt ap(wjnt«l Vot4tpr»- 
■ tPCtoT of the rt-iilm, iiiiJ ibe personal riTttlrT 
hr:t,wi)i>n Vnrlt nnd Mari;jin>l w;is int'^Bified. 
T3ic birth of her son hii'i dtrprivMl him of any 
hopt'-* of n pcncvful 5 11 «■(.■»« ion to the throne 
on rivnrr'* d<rjitb, whilo it inj<pirod licr M*ith 
nncwauii livroir xualoa Wbalf of bcr family 
iiUt-Tuels. IXvtiU'.'furlh ahu stood forward n# 
the ^rcat cbaiupion of hur hunband's caiiw. 
The yortiista did not lieaitaie to iui|>ul« to 
her the foujest viocfl. At home and nbroml it 
WM believed tlinl the young Prince I'^ward 
w«* no BOQ of King H«nry's (C&ron. Dane*, 
II). 79, SS ; Radix, i. 289 : OiuHTUJ^ut, v. 


Tin' recovery of Ili'nry VI In January 
H'tti put an end to York's proict-U irate. 
Siinierset. wm n-lfasDil from il«> Tower, and 
Mar);jiiet ac^aiii made a tfreat dfort (o chiaIi 
hor rival. York nccordingly toink arm*. Iliii 
victory at St. Vlbans was mnrkcd by the 
death of Bnmrrsrl, nnd sioon followed by a 
rctnm of thr-liingN mnlndy. York wma now 
again prfiti-ci^ir. bnt early in 14»i8 [fi-nry 
vtiLt iigmn n-.norisil 10 hi^altb and, anxiniM 
for jieacHand n-i^onciliattoii.propoaeil to con- 
tinue I'ork as liis chief councillor, lint 
Margnret strongly opposed this weaknMs. 
' The queen,' wrrote one of the Piston eor- 
rMpondente, 'U a ^reat and strong laktiired 
woman, for «hn cpirpth no pain to h\k her 
things to an inti-nl and cnnclntiion t^ her 
jw^wiu'* i^l'nuton I^tlfr*. i. STA). Sli» ob- 
tnini-d )u>r way in [lulling an end to thv 
ptolcolarsliin.ljutshudid not suceoed in driv- 
ing Vork nna his friends from tho adminiMra- 
tion, P[^>foundly disgusted at hivr hnshaiul's 
compliance, she witbdrevv from London. 
leaving Henry in York's hands. Shu kept 
horuiOf with ht>r snn nl n distiinc.o from her 
liuKlmtul, api.'ndin;: parr of Aiiril and Mat, 
for ('xnnip|p,«t Tnthury (I'i. i. 3W-7). .\t 
the (^nd of .M ny nha vinitcd lier cm Edward'* 
earldom of Ch.t>»tor(i',&. i.3d2). Shonodoubt 
busiod hc-rii^If with preparations for a now 
attack nn York. In Aunut she was jained 
by Henrr in tho midbmas, and bolli *]i«>nt 
most of Uotol>er at Coventry, where a gn*l 




oooiMil VA* IioM, in trliich Uuf^ant pra- 
oored till- rcmoi-*! of tli« Bourcluen naa 
litaBUaittrr, hut fiiil«(i to <jp<mly nuoil tlieir 
patnK, llii; duke. A liollow rveonciliMion 
wu patchcJ up, (uid York Ivd C-ovatitry ' in 
rigbt gtiwl cunoeil with thv king, but not in 
vmt cuiicr-it with tt>e quocu' (»^. i. -lUt$). 
Next yi-ar ie was wut ««t of the Mny n» 
lieiit«nu>t -jf IrclonJ. Nfnr^orut rt:innini.-(! 
nuinlj in tht ui<llntiil4, fcnrlaiTi {lUinly, to 
Appcoach tbe Voifcist city of Londuci. Tu 
combine the Scots wi tit tb*.- Laiic;u<triaus slie 
itrgi^l ilw mamase of ilm vuuu;; Uukc of 
SomonRt Aud bU 1>rotUer m twndaui;hl«'n« 
of th« KiuKof ScoU(MAr«ii:i' D'Esoohiit, 


In l4Ad there vras a groat rvconcillalian 
at wriici. On '.'.") .^Inrcli the Tiikt- «f York 
ledtheqTUH.-n to ii wrvici-nriliHniia^-ivlriit ui 
St. Pku) s. Bill Mnrjinn-t at <iiu"i-- nMiewi^l 
ber tntri^TiicK. AfttT acnking in rain to ilrive 
Wanrici fnmt iln^ (fnvi-niorfeliip of Calais, 
»h» tannin W)i}i(lf»w fmni iht- faiticni. She 
soufrht toalir ujitbo turhnlcni niid jJarlng 
diMhire nea to eapouao lirr crnm? witli the 
jAme SefM Mai vith wbirh ihi-ir iirmid- 
SKhors batl fnuiilit fur Iticlinnl II (rSroN. 
Daviu,f.7V). In lltii oummi-r nf MHil both 
parTiMi •Kviri ai^tn in uTta*. lluiiry'i march 
<m Ludlow wn.t follrtweil by ihf liisperaal of 
the Yiirkiuc. lu IJovembi^r the Coventry 
puliaioeDl gratified the queen's vintliclire- 
Deaa by the wbolesale |>roBcription of tb« 
Yorkist Icsdon. By oranring thut ibo m* 
TfonM of Otimwittl ahoiilil Ui {inid liniire- ' 
fbcth diiwetlr i" ili<' priiiw, it pruuliciilly in- 
miwiiiwl lb<> fuiuL' which nniv ut Mar^uvt'a 
oafaCtunMl iliapooa] (lUitH.iT. ii. 219; liot. 
JW. v. SOft-(e|. Xow, if not earlier. Mar- 
inuvt laadrt a cIom alliance ivith li>.'r old 
nieitd Brax^.the aenewhalof >'ornnnndy,thi> 
eonniuiicMioQa imag carried on ihniug^h a ' 
eonfideBttal airant nanicd Diiucoruim. ' If 
tboM with hi>T,' w-rtit« Broad to Cluirloa VII 
in Janiinn- 14itl,'kni!Wof bt>riuLuaiioR,aiid 
-wbut fho £iu d Aa>-, t bnr would join t kitmsalvel , 
with lh« othi-T party and put her to des-th ' | 
(Lott^rof Rkx^ (itiotfdinll^siN.iT. 368-00. { 
«d.tiiiicheral;«f.llE,\i-i» 1.'88). ThiT^ 
coald be na noi« damnini; yttnnt of hrr tioa- 
•onahte ooaBMlioit with the foroij^nflr. 

In 1-110 tho pf'nduliim iiwdntr rnund. The 
Yorki»t invBjiiimof Ki-rit wan fulhiw"! by the 
batlln of Xorlbaroptim, th^ captivity of th« 
liuis, tba Diikv of ) t>rh*i claim (•> tliu orown, 
ana the comprnmiito dcviiivd by the lords 
that Hunry akauld misn for life, whil^ YotIt 
wM rveognued as hi^ iiucc«Mor. Vorlc, now 
proclaimed protector, rulod in Ilunrv'* nftioc. 
The kii^^a weak ahandonmcnl of uia toa'n 
rigbtA Beamed io a way to justify the tcai> 

rilona VorbUt haltftd* tlmt Eilwtrd wu a 
' faUa huir,* born of ' fuK> wedlock '(C'.*wt. 
Dnrkt, pp. lll-i; cf. C'llA6Ii:LUl:t, r. 4ft4; 
Mkhh, i. -.m)). 

Mari^an.') had uoi shaivd b<.'T buabnnd's 
ca]>li\'ity. In June Henry liad takvu ua 
nQcCt ioiiate fur.'Wfill of hirr at (.'oveiitry, and 
bad ff.tA livrwitli the priiici- to KccK'»hiill in 
SlairordsUirv, while he marched forth to do- 
ftat and caplivitv at NortlmmploTi. On tbo 
IH.-W8 of (he fatal budlu, Jlargaret Bed witi 
Kdward from ICculcniiull iiiiii C'hcnhiro. But 
ber bopcA of ruiaiii;; hh unnv thr-n! were 
aif^iially disappoLaled. Ni'ur Malpanshn wba 
almoff CAjitiir'.'d bv John Cli'Ci r,a ai^rvaiitof 
L'>rd StDulu^'V. llcr own fillowcM rubbed 
lirr of hvr eooiU aad kwel* ( WtKctarKK.p. 
"(3 i. \l lant a buy of ftmrtt-pn, John (Toinbe 
uf Atui;«hnry (liKBaoRr, p. .iHt), look Mnr- 
Raret aiid ICilwurd away fnim dutigrT.all three 
riding mray nn ihu ta,u\v \\>inv whiln the 
thieves woro ijuam-Uim,' o^i^r th>-ir booty. 
After a long: journey ovpr the luimrs and 
tnouni^iii* of Wales, the queen and ibo 
jirinc- ut hiot found n ufo refuge within the 
vralUof Hariri Caslln. Thirre is no «nt)icient 
erideuci' to wamint ^ir .Tarni'M KHmsny<ii, 
3dfi) in |ilH4'in^ herv tht^ widI>litiown incident 
of the robber. The only kiiiJiurity for tb« 
story, Cbastelhua, distinctly asaigcu it to 4 
later date. 

Tlii> kind's half-brothen upheld bis canse 
in WnU». (.In tlw- captiu^ of Denbigh by 
.lanptT Tudor. .Miirgnn>t made ber way 
thiiltiT, w1ii-n' iibo wax joiniKl by tbe ihike 
of Kxelcr aud oIImt baultirs of ber jnrtj. 
She was nf no mind tn nccupL lb« surrrnder 
of her sod's riffhts, niul Mrove to eoiitlnus 
thi> war. The Lam^A.'trian loeda took m 
linn « ill tlip north. Mar^ret and Edwud 
took iihip from WaIim u>8jMtland. ^e was 
to poor tlutl nIui yuan dependent for ber ex- 
{Kiiaeson tbcSc!Ottif>h^v«maiont. James II 
was just ilain. but ihit ri-fri-nt, Mnry of 
Ueldertond, treated hi'r Itiiidly and tinti-r- 
tained her in January 1 131 for ten or IwrIvo 
days at Lincliidea Abbey. Sho olfcrMl to 
marry Edward, now si-Ven yeari nld. to 
Mnn.-, sidtiir of James III, in rritnm for 
Scottish hi'lp. Hut Mnry of (Jt-l-lerland 
also inaiitud on tli'^ utimtndi.'r of Berwick. 
Mar^Tvt, with hoT ununl rrinti»mjitii(iii» and 
ipnomnt diirt'^jard *>f nn^li-h foelinif, did 
not heeitatt> to malw tbu SHohlicv. On 5 Jan. 
a formal trualy was sisned (B.vsis, iv. 357- 
S-W), S!<i>nl»o>««iim«dbero1di;'>niprOBu«in9 
d(«linfpi with thf> faithful IK-tC (li. ir.866-, 
!lli01. She thug ohtiiiuc'l aScotd conlini^Dti 
nrthi' p>mcpeetof onoj but Iter relstioos with 
Ihc nntionnl cnomicd mode ber prospects in 
England shnoet bopeleic. 




^feanwhili! tlw liatlla of Wskefield hud 
biKin wnn, r id York slitlii on the field. As 
Mftr/rnMt ' ta in Stotlftnd, tbe storipi' «f 
Iier iDKiman it'eatnient of Vork'n M'tiinijin, 
told bv Utar writere, fii^.' olivmiia fktion*. 
So much was sli*i idonlifimj lii'f jinrLy 
that even wpH-inftirmud furuiOTi wnti'M like 
Wntirin biilinvn licr to hnve Wn |)rii»Li.iit in 
thrr Hold (fJir/ini^ufi, 1417-71. p. 32.j). 1: 
VM ni>l imtil Mine timo aftt>r the bUtle 
thtit the nitwn of tbe victory encouraged 
HnrH:tLri't to join lit'f vletorio"* j>nrti«n'ni'. 
On ^ Jan. 1401 slip wiw at, York, whnm 
her lirBt cace was to plndp^ tin- Liini'Mtrian 
lords to imy their inllii>>ui"n iipfm lliniry tfi 
per«iifl,ili> liini to nrrn^pt llift di*h6ii<Mirnl)!u 
ConvontirMi of I^iiidiiduii ( H.wrx. iv.3*i7-8l. 
The morcli in Li?ndon wun tlipu bt-jturi. A 
motley cTtvr of So<it9, WVIsli, and w'M north- 
cmcrj' r<'ll<>wvdllit- (|ui)eul'-i|lnjBL>titli, Kwry 
Btnp of t lit-lr ['rL>i,'ri-i J !*■ tw imii'kt^d w i 1 1 1 plu 111 liT 
anil dcvii.itatiiin. It was Wiic'voil lirit Mor- 
garut hac] ]iromUed ta^ivciipl'> hcruDrtlii.-m 
allies llii--wli(tloiit'«h«- (.'mtlicoimtiTii.'' tlnsr 
spoil. An tiilliiisiaMic army of Londoimrs 
marched out undiT "Wiirwirk I « wit Imtaiid httr 
prozrcM. KinfT lltitiryamiHipnuied tU.Ha^*lV■ 
Oa^^Fcb-^ll^■l><■^■llnd ljallk'ofyt.AlbaBSwas 
foiigUf, ■\Vurwi<l('skIiiuil*Tiiig tactics cave 
till! nrirtliwiii-rs ail i^iuy victory. Thu kiiifr 
VfiiK li'fl. I'jt'hiiiJ in 1I1C cnnfueion, and taken 
to Lnri Cliflonl's lent, ivlii?n.' and 
Edward mi't him. Margnrct liriitnlly mndt) 
the litlle [irinci' |irrsidtint nf lln' (•oiirt wliicli 
coiidrrani'd I" immt'diHti' i-vpoiiIiihi Honvllle 
■nil SirTlinmn* Kjni'l. 'I'liirsniVsli*-' said, 
'what fkmtli »liiill lla'we two knifflils dioP' 
nnd till- jinniv fi' Jilted that tbdr heads ^liinild 
bi- CUT. oiri.W*fEl3(, p, aWl. Rut tin; wild 
hoNi of the victor* »'tt» »n little iiiidi-rcun- 
I ml that even Margaret, with all hijr rcck- 
leUDNK, heaitHtad as to k'ttinj; it liiate on 
the wealth of the capitul. Slii' lri«t Iier ImhC 
ohaocw of iiltimntr miccHna when, after tarry- 
ing t'iglit dttj-« lit fit. Albiiw, glie Teturned 
to |)iinKtalilH, whence ahe attain tnnrched | 
ht'THrmy tn Ike north i\VYKL"»»ri:K, p. 770). : 
Tkia faue move allowed of the iiiru'tion of I 
Warwick with lidward, the now diik» of , 
York, fri-eh from hi* vicrt()r\- at Miirlinii'r'f' 
Cioaa. Oii-l Marcli I4i>l tU'i^liukoof York 
nBaiini4.>d thr- Kii;ili»h iIimiu' a» Edward IV. ^ 
thiis JfrnnrinfT lhn coMi]irtnni«e whicli thi! 
LaruutrianM tliuttiselves had broken, niid | 
ba«ng Kin rliiirn u|K>n hi^ [(.'[^itiiniat royalist 
(]n*aanf. Slarparst wiih ii'jw fnroed lo re- 
lr«at Imck into VorkHhiri', clowlv followed 
by the now kinp. f<hp wa«wil.h ki-r !iii«- 
band at Vnrk durini; the ducisivn day iif 
Tawton, ftfl.or which iilio rctriMitcd with ' 
lleary to Scotland, ntnTendciing Itorwick to 

Kvoid tt« (hllin^ into Ynrkim hanitii. This 
act of tPBiLson niid tlio nii>'iviiidiit-t of htT 
tpnntw figure omonp (lit n.'a't'ini of her 01- 
! ninilf-r by llie first parlianntnt of Kdward IV, 
ivhlc-h d.>ii?riLwt her m 'MarpHi*t, late callwl 
[lUiii-n cif ICn^lfind ' (/t«t. Pari. v. 476, 479). 
ni -ScDtlnnd .Miir^ciirnl wae (•ntertnini'd lintt 
at Linlith^'-iw and aftTwt .ia at tlx) Illa«lc 
Friars Convent lit Ediiihnrfi;.!. Sim found tha 
Scota kiofrdotn atill dii>tmcttxl byfnctiona. 
Mary of Oelderland, ihi> r<(fri>nt[ wm not 
unfriendly, bill slipwas a nitc- of lh« Pake 
of Miir|;i]ti<iy, who whb iiiixiil'ub to ketrp on 
(jond Urms with Kdward IV, and sent Iho 
lord of ftnithniMi, n. powiTfiil FlixmLtli banliOi 
tA ]kt>r<tmdn Mary to abfinditn the nlliancc 
But ]ti*liv[i Kcnnvdy of St. .Viidrvws wm 
M^nt baak to Scollnt'id by CimrlcR VII to 
ki'ep the parlyof (hi: French intcjvn^la in de- 
votion lo Liinc'U9t<.-r, wiiilu I'Mwiird him»elf 
incitfil tbe hiuhhnidersMKoitist his i-'nt,-rai<?tt ia 
intkataro with the |ioM'i'rl'id Kurl "f AuKUd, 
who was to roccrive an Kn;.'li.'h dukedom ana 
a axvai i!»talu in rtstarn for his a>.'>ialancc. 
'I hiMird,' wroLo one of ih* I'asiiin corre- 
npiiudiinlii, 'that tlirw" njjj>r>intm''nl'i wrr» 
tuktm hv tlif yoiiiiji hirds "f Sfithiiid, but 
not li_v the old ' (/"tWun T^^tlen. ii. 111). 

.Marfiarel'e nioiu rtliam^t- waa still ob 
France, whither she ile^pniched Somerset Crt 
■cek fnr aMii<itancc. Iliil Charles VH waa 
now diraiJ, and his non, I.oiiis VI, wao hardly 
yet in a. position \n Ei'r free rein to hi» desire 
to hi'l]i hilt coiwin (I'A, ii. 4'Vrt). Nothiajc, 
tlm-n'fdri', iif :romi;iit'icnirr'.'d, am! Marean.-i, 
impatient iifdi'hiy. h'ft Iht hiiibtiiid in^it> 
land, and, cinhiirki ii^j at Kirki'itdbriKbi, ar- 
rirvdi]! llrillatiy on Ki April \UVi. Sho bail 
pawiiod her plalv in Scotland, and was now 
forced to borrow from the (Jiifen of Scoia 
th« inoni'^ to pay for her journey. Sh« wiia 
wrll rKcuiied by llie Duke of Itritlnny, and 
then pnMi^ on thniiish .-Viijou and Ti>nrain<'. 
Her riilherlmmwitl i-iehi Ilioiii'andKiirinatii 
nuwt ' the K"'it '^"'1 Knuiiiliioim "ijwnn'ii of 
her cominir ' (I.ecoy. i. ;ij-j : cf. Wtrcestbb, 

5. 780), and urged bar claims on Louis. 
[anrarDt heteelf had intemcws with Louis 
at Cliinnn. Tour*, nml Ronon. In .lune 1182 
MiirpitKt made a fnrmiil treaty with bim by 
whiu'li ■tic riK'c.i \'t>d iwnnly tlioiU4nd fmnca 
inn-titrn foramiiditi'mnl iniirt){tigr> nf toil ait' 
I Lepot, i. M'i). Tlii'TO wan 11 riiinnur in Eiift- 
land that Mar^rrt waa at Houlognn 'wim 
muck silver to pay tin? aoliliunt,' and that 
Iks Calais carriiion wa^ wovprinff in it* b11»- 
iriance tn F>U-arii {Pa»t«» Z^ff/rn, ii. 118), 
Loiiiit raiBCfd'han and nrri^rc ban.* Tbna 
wan much talk of n sippi of Calais, and tid- 
wATd IV ncciiwpd Marf^rot of a plot bosuk* 







Iter iuicl«CharI^ of M«>oerulec of Biiglaad 
{,Uai.Uwbi.l, Lrtten of Ki»g»o/ Enyla»J, i. 
Iif7). Itut tbo FrmcftliuigCQat^iitW liim- 
•atf with tniich lew d«:i»ivc unuaurv-f. Hi^, 
bowcvirr. coiuuated todt^pateliu r^caLiU toKv, 
wiiiusly oatiaMtwliia Wtwc.'vuuu'li't )iun<lre<l 
nad two tliouwni' mrii, tu ii»iiil Marcaret in 
» new attack on -tiiirlund. Ila appointed m 
laader of tlieee troops li«r old frioni Br«i£, 
BOW in di«|{Tace at cutut. 

K&tI; in the ■uiuma MArfcuot nnd Brcii 
left NonDAudj', nnd, escaping thi; Yorkt»t 
cciuMn, rcachud Scotland In luifiitv. Tlivy 
w«i« tbcic jfjim-d hv KinK Hi'nrv. mid lule 
{aOotaber invudti] XnrthiiinljrriAiid, wlitire 
tiier captured ItiLmlHiT>,'b, l>itiintaiibiir^li, 
ana AInwicli. Uut no Eti^liJi Iianeastrinns 
toae m favour of tho titns, who sought to 
regain Iiis kinp]i>in villi lli« help of the 
lincd!i«nr cnraiy. A violent lfinpi'*t At^ 
strofcdt^-ir abip-i, th«; cnm wen- rajmired 
liy ihp Yiirlti't", iind MirKun-i and Bfez* 
eacapnl with iliilirtdiy in hii »wn boat to ih« 
mAi rv fuKi- of IVru irk. now iu ^cotti^h hands. 
On tbt'ir retri^at Somerstil, nindet>?rmswlthlhc 
Yorkists and *urTeiiden>dtlwcapt(in>dca«tIe». 

In 1-163 the threp border ciwtlwi wmv r*" 
Conqn"r«d br ibv Lnncjimriini". or riiiher by 
tho Soot* and Ffvm'h li^hllnirin tlwir iininK. 
Sljiraar*t aRain a[i]it<tLrml in NortbiiuilH-r- 
laad. but ihi* wm ruducvd to thi> utivriDMt 
•tFUta. For Otb daya ali«, with ber mhi and 
biuband.had toliveoi) herringtand iio bread, 
and one day at tna§fl, not hac-in^ a fnrtliing 
for the offertorj-, die m-i»» forced to bontiw a 
iniaU tuni Tram a :^4?oiti«h nrriitr (Oiiantsi^ 
KjUK, iv. 300). Diiii duT, whi'ii bidiiiu in 
tha mMMbi wtth h>T *tin. kIii.- wai ncroKied by 
a robber, ' hidMMiA and Jmrnbie' toaee.' But 
she ihivir herself on lhL-ndilan''5 g^nerosiiy, 
and begged bim to saTo ibu son of bis kin^. 
Tha brigand respected her rank nnd mU- 
flartiuM, and allowod b?r to Mca|w> to tt 
ploM of aafetT. SiM;h ioCTdyritu jirrnwl tlui 
twilMiDM)! of' fiinh'tr nuiUtnnci!, and Mar- 
gmKt kailfd fivmi KrimbarfiU wtr.h Braid and 
about two hkindn'd followers. Xexl yearihe 
loat LopM of LaiifdJtier wero destnyed at 
Hedgeley.MoorandUcxhanL Bnttherei»no 
aallvoritT for the eommon belief tbnrMarnrvt 
rMuainnl ti»liind in ItriUin until afl«r Uiomi 
lMltl««,nr Ibat,a8 Etiabon Stuhbn rcpniaenta, 
afae r«lum«d to Sootlaod ag^in hflorn thtna 
battlea wen Xouffht (mc Mr. PIummoF** nolo 
OB FoRTCacm, OominKincv v/Enytatfi. \k 03). 
In Au^Oit l-MlSMarnaretandberwoube^ne 
fbOowingUiHled at Slays. Macgaret bad only 
nTMiwoixieoatt«udaul«,wfaoliiad notacbanfce 
of raJtBcnt between them. .Ml dqH.-nd^ on 
Bnrtforthelr daily bread. Theque«natoucc 
joun^vd to Bruges, whon) Cbarln, count of 

vol. ZXXTl. 

I Ohorolai*, raindful that hit mother was a 
I gninddat)fl^t«r of John of Oauil, rweiTrd 
I Ihtf Lancoatrinn uxilea with (jr^ai 'lonpiiality 
j aud tuEidnetia (\VrRfBBrLii, p. 7r<l). Bnt hi« 
I fatJi«r, Uitk« Pliiliii, wb.» mueh cmburnuNwd 
by ber pivaence. liv yicldi-d «l lenj^h toht^r 
urt^ucy, and ik'ninlr-d u prr^nnnl interTtew. 
}i[arg»ret drove t'^Jin BriiKi-.ttoSniiil-1'olina 
comtnon couuirr cart, covered with n cunvna 
tilt,'Ukuapoor[adyiraTe)iiii;^iue(ik'niln.' Aa 
slici»L«ed Bdliuni- sh« was ••xiiosi'il to Home 
riali of captmrc bv the English jfurriMin at 
Calais. Mie rvacni-d daini-I'ol on 31 Aum., 
and wa» alJovcd to wc tlir duke. PliiGp 
listened sympathetically to her tnlu of woe, 
but withdrew ih* next day, riMitfiil ing liim- 
Ki|f with a present of two tlnLiMiiid t^rviwns. 
Hi^ sistor, the Ducheisof Bourbrm, ivinnined 
behind, an'l heard from Mar|,'iret iln* highly 
riilouD-d tab- of hiT Bdv«ntiiiv», which, with 
furihiT Hti-rarr emMliohnniitH, finally found 
its wiiy into chi- ' riimniclc' nf (.'linttellaia 
HEnirtff. iv. i*rs-:iU. ;SU). Mnrk'nrpt then 
relurneii in Bnipw. ivhrrf Clmmiaid again 
trtnttil her with i-laborattj and riniKidt>rnte 
courtesy. Bn! tht.'re was no object ia her ru- 
maitting longer in Hoiulerv, nnd Philip nryi^l 
on hiTdii])nrtiir" by olTeriiig an liouou rabid 
i-acort InKLlciid hi.*rloher fnther'sdiimimana. 
Tltitber MarirnrHt now wi-nt, und took up 
ht-r qiiarler* «.t SHint-MiD-hut-^m-Barroii. 
l.oui>i XI, w) fur from Imljodj.' her, threw the 
whole of ber iupport on h>-r iin|iov«rii«hed 
faiher,whagnre hera pension of fli\ thoiiEanil 
CTown» a yvnr. Slw lived otweiirely at Saim- 
Mii'lirl fur I \v iiett K'veR ye«r=, I'liuiulr oe- 
etipiiwl in briiiginii iiii hnr uon. for whom Sir 
.lutin yorteseiii- (131m ."-147(1 :■! [i]. v.], who 
had aeeouijian led Ii.t IliHht, wniitT hia weL- 
known book' l>e Laiidibn.d Lej^tim AnfiltSE.' 
■ We be all in great poveriy/wriiteFortiwcue, 
'but yet the (|ue«n snatainelh u.-< in moat 
and drinli. Her Hlghneu may do no men 
ft IK than Kliodoih ' (Pi.rsiHKlt, p. Ql). A 
iMtulant bill fo-bU aifttnlion was kept up. 
Forteacui' wn-t ii'Viiml timoK Kent to PurU, 
and^reat eiri>ritiwt'r(!mad<'to«nliit ihn Lan- 
CaiTnan iympathiea of the king of Porti)|;at, 
the em^ror l't>?dt-ri*k III, and Rharton of 
Cbarolaie (ib. p. VA; ClbbmoVt, femilg »/ 
Fortf*<w, pji. m-~i9). 

Aft«r]4K< MaT^nr>>l*s hopes rMe. Thir>ugh 
bw oltl ffii-nd t'hamUi", now lltike of Unr- 
fpindy,went ovrr to the Vorki*l«, [.oiiis hv- 
camo u)i>c« friimdly and bctti^r able to help 
llt^^. In IJSSvlie »out JanwrTador to nuaa 
a Cfivolt in WalM. In 1400 sbo coUeeted 
troops aad waited at Uarfleur, hoping to in- 
vadu Biicland (Wi-aci»7BK, p. "['■.'), In the 
sparing of 1470 Warwick quarrvlled lianllr 
witb Edward IV and Bed to France, lie 


boiou^liT, the help of 1-oui* XJ, wlio wiahcd 
to Iiiing about n rei-iandliniion li«twi'i?n Uuu 
. Bliil Mnr^rt^t with tlio wbjt'Pt of eombining 
tbn varinu* "U'nienis of Uie oppoailtori to 
Edwnrd IV. Thrrt' w^w ffravG rfiffieultiM 
in thii wftv. Wur^'ii-fc hud »piVBt! nbrond 
thf foiiti!jtt aci>iii4iii(m« ni^insr. Mnrf^ivt, 
hnd puhliply dtfuoiini^i^d hr^r HDn at n hfnt*rft 
(CMA§rBLU.I!>. V. 401; JiAillV, i. i«»), imd 
the qu^n'spridt^rcndorodanai-coinmodiitian 
difficult. At lA«t Warwick mad>^ ni) uneon- 
ilirinTiii! siibmisslO'ii, and liuinbly bi'injualif 
Mfti-ffrtrnt'e pnrdon for hie past offvnj^es. lip 
■wnt to Ancpt*. -whopp >lar);Yirel tliea waa, 
ond rcnuvini'd thaf fri'^m 15 .lialy to 4 Au^;. 
I.omi XI ^i*n.t thcro nl thn mid" tim? on a 
vidit it> Kiiiij Rwi6, Lnui; and Rrnfi urged 
Margaret very Mrongly to pardon Warwick, 
uid at l&«t 'ihf cuuBviiltid to do no. Moro- 
ovor, she was also pi'rniiiiil<-J to coacludo o 
t-njo-tv of maiTing.' Tji-iwi'fu litr ogu and War- 
wick's duughter, Amu? Naville. All iiurtirji 
swore on tliorclicof thL>true ccoea priMervt-d 
at St, Jlory'd Church iit Anfttrs to remain 
foitLfiil for iJm^ futun- to Ilonry VI (IKtUS, 
Orif/iiinl Lrttfrn, 2nrl ecr. i, I.*H). Soon 
at'ti-r Wnrwicti nailed to Kngilnnd. In Sop- 
teralxT ilwiry VI via-^ nliitsftd from the 
Tower and rostoreil in ilii! tliniiuf. nut 
Kdward IV ponn nftamod to KTijrIniid, nrid 
on Eiiatcr dflv, It April ]4ri, hts victory ril 
Bnrui'l ri'.iiilfi'ii in the dcalli of "Wanvickaiid 
ihr liniil cnptivily 'if Ilrnrr. 

Mii:x"-f'''' ''id ili^lnycrl long m Fmncp. In 
NciVHOilit-r ulih wiw with I/tiuis nt Amboiae. 
llience she went wiili Iiit win to Psris. In 
Febninry 1471 Itoury urifpd that hi* wifn and 
aoit gbould join liim without dpiiiv (/irffi-r/t. 
xi. 193). But it was not uutil 2t Mardi f.hnt 
Marp,nt nnd Fdward took itliip at IlAr> 
fleiir, tCinna with the fourl««s ot Warwick 
«H(i Mjinc othiT Iinnciwlrian leadeni. nutcun- 
Wury wiiidn loiijt imidn it impci«&iblB for hdr 
tocrodi the nitsrinfl ( Wai'ris, p, fifi-ll. ■ At 
direra tinif s they I ocrJt 1 1n- *■>•«. nnd foTdonk it 
Bgnin' iJfMtorn'fioti uf Edtpard IV. Caradon 
Sot, p. U'jy It wa« not until l.'l April tbst 
% chnngn (if tln> weathor enflHeil h<T to mil 
Anally nwny, Ni?xt ilayshe landed at W«y- 
mouth. It wn« Ml" "BiTie Kiister Sunday on 
which till! «au«i" (jf l.nncFUt«r was finaJlr 
overtlirowi! ai Baruiit. Netl day flho wt-ii't 
toCeme.lblMiy, whiTfi ulin wim jninod by the 
DukoofS«iiDer<el andlhi-Karlof I )f<Tnnshii«. 
Thn Tidiiiirs of Warwick'* dcft-At wi^r'' now 
knoMTi, wliprpnt MnrpirL't was ' ripht hoat^- 
andfion?,' Hnw(iver, slip wnB well roecivnd by 
thoeoiiiilrv-iw'opln. V^nTnlritiinfffollowiid 
VtL the wnat; SoniHrH't. norsot, Willshir*, 
OomvaU, and Ili>rani:liiri< dll eivHlrJbulvd 
tbeir quota lo swell MaTgnr»t'a little forc«. 

Marpirot, who had advanced to Etrter, i»- 
th.'iv>-d ibore a larf^e contingent from Devou- 
dbire and Cornwall. -She then marched nurlh- 
eastwarih, tIiroiij.'h(iliisloJibiirTioH»lb. Ilsr 
obJMt wa^.'ithfr tocriwlhnSi'Vfini nnd join 
Jnepor Tudor iti Wab'n, op l<i mareh nonh- 
wanli to lirr parliaan.i' ill Cltmhii'i.' ujid Ijib- 
eitfihirr, liiit iihn mux outpoMs fir to tbe AUft, 
hoping to make Kdward wli*Tc that h«T real 
(ibp-ci wai. to advance to London, Edward 
waj too gooil a f^raersl Vt be deo^ived, and 
on 29 April, the dAy of .yarpntpt's arrival 
at Bath, be had Ti>*fth*d OiitMieAW.r to block 
her noftliwftrd Tonie, .Xlarffun-l, on hearing 
tliL», rvtivinti?d ffom liatli to Bristol. Sb« 
thc-n mnrclud up the Sevi^rn »-alW, ihrftugh 
Bcrkdi-'y nnd (Jloufi-slvr, while Edwanl f^l- 
lawed h-ir on apurallelc'turBOalontf theOot»- 
wolds, Hn the moruiuK of 3 -May Marearet's 
army, wbJck had marcWd nil ui^bl, rvacbvd 
Uioueest-^r, Ibit the town wan obetitiat«ly 
cloeed a^'uiiiat the Lancu»trian forcec, and 
they could not tbercf ore u*et hi; Suvombtidgfl, 
which would huv enabled them tocvcapalo 
Waba. The joldit-m weru now quite tired 
out, but thi-y ntTU£>;i^ ou itiiulher leu miks 
to T'^wkr.ihury, whure at lenRfth, with th«'ir 
hiii-kn on th'; town sod abbey, and retn-ai 
nit ult' liv the .Sf vcrn and llic .Avon and tbe 
i^wilgaie brook.lhGytum«d to defend ihetn- 
sfhes a* Wst they could fmm ihenpproacb- 
ing nrmy of King P,dward. Tl«iy held tbe 
ridpof ohill'iniiniiin-fllouH elrong ground 
fulirlttltciilt lobrtnAHttiled.' Bui. theetn-ngth 
of tli('po,'*iii<]iididnot cki.^ck the rapid advance 
of ihi- .'itriniiret force and ihu holler general. 
On 4 Mav Edward won thebntiloof Tewkft*- 
bury.and Mari,'Qrel'«^iinw-aishiiiion the field 
(see JtentoTatwnuf J^^rfiTd IV .Vnxn^n^n Soc.; 
cf. the account in Comines, Mimoire», ed. 
Uupout., I'reuTM to vi>l. iii., from a Utu-Dt 

Margari't wa* not preaeot on the battl«- 
n«'l(l, having r«lired with her ladie* to a 
■poor rdligioiis place' on the rood bctvwn 
Tiiwkt^burv ana Wotcaater, which cannot 
be,assomebaveBU|r^ted,I>(Mrhimt. There 
alio was found three days littnr and taken 
prisoner. She w»" lironcht tn Edwnn] IV 
at t'oventry. Oti :;I Slay ulie was drawn 
thmiiph London sinim* on a carriage biffnrw 
h^rtriumphiirtt Tivtili ('iint.CrtJtflanif,f.'A^). 
Tbntii ihiyi liitur h<:v huibiind was murdered 
in thitTowor. Mar^art-'t remained in rBstmillt 
for tb<i nr-xt five years. L^dwnrd IV gave it 
out That iliG was living in nnvpor slate and 
dignity, and that she pn'Ii'rrod lo nnnain 
thus in England to returning to Fra»e» 
(Baslv, ii. L'7U>. Varkix writera wp«ak of 
Kd ward's eompnsiiionnto and honourable 
treatmost of liar; haw be aangned Iter 



bonnholil of fiftson nobl- pcrKont to #erv« 
ber it) Uw hmiMor Ijtdv Au'llpy ia l»iii1on, 
whan «li«tM<ltiwFc]wnnra^<WArRiT,p. 671). 
She wnii, hownvi-.T, iiiori'U &)hui. iram ono 
plAee lo kODilier, Lti'ius i ruoHfurn.'d from 
uDOdan to WiiiJiuir.nniJ thenceto Wallins- 
fotd, wbcre b1i0 Iui<1 m her keeper her nld 
frinid the Dawag^r D»i>lit^« or niiltblk, wh't 
liTBd B!rt hr off, at Kw*lmF ( Fwtoa I^Urrt, 
ill S3X Thi* nllinnci' iH'iwri'n I^iiiiH XI and 
Edwnnl IV, »oi»Mt>JitHl by th<' tru-ntv of 
Meqaifrnr, \eA to li-T kiUmuii'. On 2 Oet, 
I47A Louiii atipaUlc-tl kt>r Ubi^rnlioii in 
r«tnm for \ nnsitiin of tiftv tli4i»a.ii(l i^ld 
crowns and t\ T«nHamtioD nf all her riphts 
litttftt tU Jioi*, 1^. ii, 493—1 in JJ^L-ummlm 
StUdit*). 3Iar^n>t wnn onnvrrnd nrcr fho 
OhiBWl to Dirppn, find tlti^nce m Rou«Q, 
^rhft*, on US Jan. 1476, nUe vru ituuferred 
to tJw l'>e«ioh auTkoriliiM. 

Slai^ret'ii aclive carwr W4s now oter. 
H«r fatlii^ lt<>ni^ lind Klircd einM 1470 to 
Ltacnutily of I'rov«fico. lu hiH will, tando 
in 1474, lio had pn>r»d«d for Miir^i^Anjt n 
tvgncy ^f a lhoui>hiid crownt of gold, and, if 
«he rot'iTTwd to FnuiM, an imnuity of tiro 
ibouMad livren toumw, cIinrgAikhU on the 
dnofaT «f Uor, and thu cmtU.' uf Ktcun for 
ber dw«Uia); (Lmox, i. SVi 1 Ciluct, iftVf. 
dlt XarrauK, Prduvmi, iti. ddxxixl. iiut 
Louu XI. uiKTj at Ken6's alteiapt lo f«r- 
Wftiutr the power of the lionsc of Ai^oo, 
uw) taken Bur and Anjon into hi? own 
hand*; •otlutMiiT^nt'>nhi'TiirrivAl found 
bintilf dvpftndrni on thr piotlwill of her 
oooain. Iioui.-t rfmri-m!'! tipDii hcra juration, 
but in reiuni fnr ihiH. iiml fur tb^ tiuoi paid 
V* ber mtaaai, nhe had to m&kc a full eur- 
teader of all her nylita of eucccssion to the 
dominiona of her fallicT and mother. The 
OOovFDtion iit printed hv Locoy {Le lioi 
»r**, ii. 86»V-^I. It wft* nnwwcd in U"9 
3II.1 1 tW. 

MmTfani't Iktiuir JimJ in I4A1, hut it in 
probalue chaC »lie a«v<tr raw liini nfler ber 
[Mnrn. as li* li»«] eniinly in rroveiice 
with bi* Toang oife, andcnTcJ for tittle but 
bu inuoMiatp plctuurea and intorcsta, Her 
aict«r Yolaule sht! quarrellvd with, having 
It the instifatioin of Louis XI bmii^br a 
anil affniiut h«'r for thp snrceiwion to tbrir 
mother'i eaiaiM. Tlii* depriTwl h<-r nf the 
■arlum in tli« [InrruiN which tur faiher htid 

riinit^d. ShHituTefonilen I>oi»i>[>i. wherv 
bad preriuiuly lived fL'AUitn-. iii. xxv, 
Pmmsl. and fvtired to her oM haunts in 
AJijaa. which after IL'ftwaaai^Mn nominaUy 
ruM tre liLT fnth^r. She dwL^II tiret at th'i* 
auULOF of Kwnt^e, and lalwr at I lip f-Mtlo of 
Dam|iiane^ nmir Snumur. Thciv tho livud 

in extreme poriTlyaud isolation. She oceii- 
pied herself by n-'niling thiMnadiinj^lTuntia^ 
ConiposedDcherTi>i|iieac t>y('!iiu(ii>lliiiii,ii-UicIi 
s|>«nl(a of the mif^fortuiiea ai itin i-ontem- 
pornry nriroM and nobles of hur htiuni> and 
mconnd ctmnlriM ('!,*■ Temple de lliiccace, 
n'uioiisl wiiwji pur tniini(-n> de t^oitititliiiion ii 
imH d&tol/'i' will" d'\«(jlplenv,' prJTiiMl in 
CHASTELtJdX, vii. 7.'i-l4;j, [1.1. Kr-rvyii; it 
ineiudea a Ion;; imngiiiftry liiiihipiie l}etn-e«n 
MargarolflndlWL-aeeio). Ttut hfrlicAllh^oon 
ffnve way. On 2 Aur. i4«2 thij dn«w up her 
lihort niid tou^hin^ tefitflmunt (printed by 
l.vcnx, ii. 3S15-7), in which, ' urtv of under- 
Miindinf;, but wcalc nnd inHrm of body,' *Lo 
iurwiidi'rM ikll Lit ri^blo and proTwrlv't<> bur 
only prowcitor, Kin^ Loui*. If tdo king 
plenu!*, ihe dMinui to hn buried in the cathe- 
dral of St, MauriM at Ancora, by tlie aide of 
bar fiktiier and motbvr. * MorL<>o\or my wiah 
is, if it pl^«^ the said lord liiiiz, tbat th» 
«innll amount of proTwrty whi'cli God oad 
be hnv« giv«i to mo tw employed in hurT- 
ingr mn nnj in pnyinK my dAila, und la ttUv 
thiit my goo*!* nr-- nol 8iifliei'?ur for llii», a» 
I Inlimv will bf llic cusu. ( beif ibu said 
lord king of his fiivwur to piy iLvnt for mt, 
for in faiin ia my f^ilu bopo and trust.' Sha 
dit-d soun nflt-m-ardtf, on 2& Aug. I4Si. 
Lntitn K'rant<^^d bur n?i|u<Ml, and buriod bar 
with ber unceetora in .\u)ti:Rt Callifdmt, 
whvru bor tomb wo* dualmycd during tbi? 
Revolution. The ottunder on hi-r wa» tc 
wrKd in I-Hn'I hv tbo first parlininiiit of 
Henry VII (JT**. 'l\irl. vi. 2*8). 

AiuonKlIutcomnwTnoretionsof Marsnretiu 
liUTDturc may be uii^ntinnod Miclmcl npajT- 
lon's ' .MiM^rief of (Jm*n Miirjrnret 'and tuo 
snuio wriler's apieties between hpr and 811 (ToUc 
in 'I^nglandV Haroical Epistln' (Spenser 
Soc. No. ■1(1). Sliakespoare la probnWy littln 
nvpousibli! for thu wpll-known portrait of 
Mnri^irt in 'King Ilcnry VI,' Margaret 
wtia aln" thv lir'niim* nf rin opcTii, compoecd 
about W20 by -Mi-yiTrlnsT. 

A Ii»t of porlTaila tiMunml to TiTprrsent 
Murgarrt is given by \'nllet do ViriTille in 
tile ' Nouvolle Riogrupbte Ofinfirale,' zxxiil. 
^{tX Thcw inctndr a repiwentation of bar 
on I apaelrj at Coventry, figured by Shaw, 
' Dn-»wi and [)Mroniliun< nf ttw" Middle 
Agi-H,* ii. 4", wbinh dfpict* bur as 'a tall 
atiilfly womnii, with Kimcwbnt of a maacu- 
line fnoe.' Bill therH iti no rttajum for bi-liar» 
ing that tbiii is anylhirk; but a rouvttntional 
rsprt-ientation. The iticiuri' ln-lmiging to 
ibu Duke »f SutbiTlanu ami >iii|)po>ii^ to r^ 
prfwnt Margan'l'd rnarrinire t^i Lii-nij- ( Citta- 
hvjtietjf Xati-mnl f^rtrail ErhihUivtt. 1866, 
p. 4 ) in equally «iiap9Ct.ud. Tbu figure wbich 
\\'alpoU! thought lupmonud UaigsKt ia 


cai^ttv«(l iu SIrg, li<ji;klj(iiu'ii * Life/ TOl> iu 
Two otljdr i<iit;ravui4,'H by KUlrocke Ukd 
I-'atiLT respectively ari> known, 

jTliB bioBJfnpliie.* of Miiri^iircl are tiumrrnun. 
Thuy iiidu'lf : (1) Midi<il IUihIiit's Hislory of 
(Ijp Ciiliimitim uf MiiT^Hri'l of Aiiji.>u, Iximlon, 
17S7 ; » w-ore riimilM*, ' iMotid on ^nl^[lngll^^ ct 
on ritioiion*,' ntiil tmnslatc.! from ii Fw nch nuvnu- 
BHi-iptlliBl.linrf ndvnrlminiprinlinl, (2) ThpAlilw 
PivWn?t'M Hislotrod" MHryT.iyn[od'Acjoa,2vol*.. 
AtnhU'filniri. ITSU. a wirrk uf iinnuin.'itiuD liy tlu' 
midior cjf ^runcm IjpscniL (3) Ijiiuis LitUo 
niniic's Miiraii'Titi (rAnVni-T/irniino. Nnncy. 
1915. (1) J. J. lioy'* iii«t«ito dd Mitruuvriu 
d'Anjoti. Tour., ISftJ. (fi) Mi» SiriAlanJ's 
Life in Qu«.-ni of England, i. S31-ai9 (S-iol. 
ed.); oiw uf the wnikuur of Ilia Bu-rio*, nnd wpry 
nneritit'id. (ti) Mn. Hooklmm'i I.ilo nf Mur- 
gnrei of Aiijoii, 2rnl>i., 1S7^; an elsborate cum- 
pllaiioii ilini. though eaulaiuiBg miuiy 
of Ti'n-cry E''''n.t vnluo, buiiigraculJyiicrivDd from 
modern wjuret-j, used wilTiont aiacriminiiition. 
(T) VuJkt lie Viriville'^ Memoir ia tlitS''i>rclle 
Bi"(^pji[)!ii" Gi'ii-irnio, xTiiii. 685 -!H ; nhort l>ul 
useful, thougli <>f vnlu*. luid Rising 
eliibnmtii bul n^it iilwayx Ti-ry praoi«o ritfemnr-Bs 
to printed iiml mnnnimpL ;iiittioriiii'«. Dutt^r 
moLlpPD vereJODit thun in llie profrtBpd biuirni- 
i>hvrMcanliocullo(t«(l ftoinLecuydu lit Mnrclic'ii 
Li) Il.ii Rcai': (1. I)ti Freanudp BeniiciHirl's rlig- 
loir* do Chni'Ici VII; Bir Jnmra RiniMyV tl\a- 
tf)ryi>f KiigluiKl, IS)J0-148ii; Stii1.l.»'» t'oii»f.Hi«t. 
tol.iii.i tMnli'*Kiif;li*''tioGe*i-hioht*, vul.v,; Mr. 
G&irdscr'ii IntrOiJuirti'iDH ta tho Pinttun LtltoM ; 
Hnd Kr. l*luiiinipr'« IiitTOiIui.'tiuii lo Iiik odilinn of 
PorloKHns'iovnTnnni-unf ICufjInnd. Ainnng con* 
toraporsry HiilTiorilic iho KiiKtifh chroiiii^lM 
are exiremuly iLiL<u);r<>, and liulu illuitniin tht> 
cbaructcr.pulicy.iuiJinoUTenuf Mur^rM. Thry 
nro caumenilfcl in tlio nrticli- on IIbnjiv VJ, fiirnigii olironicltii oiv I'ufj full mi'l cir- 
€^i(n«rtniiiil. (boiifth thnir f«rrimn«l'ii[>. igno- 
riitipi>.nnd lorDorprcturp«qti(>«flci?I mnke eitrnmo 
cnuiiDn iiL'oi'i'iiiry in usi rijt thoiii. It in. howrvor, 
from thorn only ihni Murpwet'^ hiogra-phy cein 
for the KkMt \inn ho dmwn. Of iha »lH>rc. 
Ctiut^llnin, vd. Kcrvtrii <li> Li-Ii«ii!ii)ie. is thn 
ntwt impnrtnnl ; buL Mathiau d'Kncmichy. I!n«in, 
Philippe do Comincs, noci Wauria al*o conUtiu 
mncli thnt in vnlunMa. Thoy itrn allnuntnl Frnin 
th« mliiion* of the S'-ici^rA •!« VH)««lro dc 
Fmace. except Wnnrin. who JBrefurrod iwinSho 
reoMitly uimpli-tBd Itolln SeriM olition. Thn 
■nwit importitnt rollncti'Tiiiii of dnemn^nU nre: 
ByraorV Ficdrra, Totg.»-xii.; NicoWa PtowhI- 
ingM and OniiiiauLiuB of Lhe Privy Couni-'i], vol^ 
iii~vi.; thn Rollovf Parliitmont, yvh. T.imd pi.; 
6tav«nioD'*\VnT« of th« li^nKruibiu Fianci' (Etolls 
S«riM); Lhnl'Aalon Lnthnre,*'!. n^irdiKT. Othr<r 
and l«u genoral autliH^ritiw urL> (]uoI4^d in tbn 
teil, A larirt numUr of Imii>« cif Murpifal of 
Anjoii, caTering thn tan ymrn thji) fntlown! her 
marriar^, lutve boon pnl>1i)h»d by Mr C. Mocro 
for Ibe CftOdeD Sociotj. 1B03, but UD of no £reut 
nlot-l T. F, T. 

MARGARET or HuSHUir fll57f. 
1444! I, iiiiei-ii uf JauieiH 111 of Sc>:)lliuiilf wafl 
tLf cliieatdaUKbtorot'ClirtstbalofDMUMrk, 
XomrBj, sad Bwodi'ii, by Domthva, pnnocOT 
of Bmndenbur^, nnd widow of Clirtilof in. 
Tlio mciriitir-' cuntriicl ^-aa rigticd 8 Sept. 
l-lfiS, Im-f iritlii:r [jnintiiiir Iwr a dowry gf 
si\ly thouHmid Qoriiia Klit?ui»)i -. im lliouMad 
tiorius were to be paid bofon- the pnnoeai 
left (..'OponliAKen, anil the islandfi of Orkney, 
which then bcloiigud to DcEiDuirk, wore lo 
he pU'dgrd for tho roiDiiindcr, JaniL-s III bjr 
Ibi' ramo coiitmrt undertook lo .-wciiro his 
cottKorl ilii- piiliici-i (>r laiilitligow itnd tJio 
uuftl(!'>f Dciuiivn.tjointun^landa.aud towtlla 
on hers tbiTd of rovaJ iwfMiiiea in ama 
nf her survival. jVs lie iinff of DcBiuarfi 
was only able lo rai'ie twn thoU!«ni] of the 
Btipiilnlf'd len ihoitMnd florins before she 
left. Copcnhngrti, he lind topM^- th« Shet- 
Iiin3» (iiT the reniflind'-r ; nnd hrma al«n un- 
did" ti.1 adi-iincti any more of tbi- !>! ipiihitril 
iliiwry.lW'l.h iliiillrkni-y imd Sb'-itiiiid ifrx>upii 
iiltiinalely Ix-riiiilf till' poj.i-i.^iiiin of the Scot- 
liiili emwii. Themarna«etnokplacpiii July 
I irK), the priuccu being then onlv nbotit 
thirteen years of age (Itecord of her Maundy 
.Alms. *.». 1474, whwi eliewnnin hcrMven- 
l,r'*tTilh y(«r. in Arrountit of tkf Ijani Hiyk 
Trewurrr,'^. 71). Iu ibt; »iiiijiiir<rof thn fwl" 
hiwinjt v<!iir iihu joumv;«d with the Vnta M 
far uortli a* Invemen^ After thr? lirtli of an 
heir lo the tbroQB in 1 172, sba made a piltfriin- 
B^ to tho shrine of St, Ninian at \% ithemo 
in (iailoway (I'A. pp. 2fl. 44 ; Ejrifjwr liollit, 
viii,;!I.1.23l>). Shediednt Stirling im 14 Jtily 
14Sft (^orriince of ddyof n\iit,Arvmiiiit of 
Ihr Ltirii Uu{k. Trranirrr, pp. H9, n4"il, aiid 
was biiriod in Ciiinhii)ik(!niii-th Abbey. In 
U ■TPopuIiinoeentVIII appointed aconiBii»- 
sion To ini^uiro into hi^r virtues and mimelu, 
with a view lo her canonisation. 

[Kxclif'qiii'r ItoIlM of Sratlnnd, roti. rii. and 
riii.;AciraunUii>f till? Lord niffhTroaauror; Hia- 
torimof Locilio, Lindnay, and Bacbaaac; Mcwt> 
J^iiun IU OF Srorutw.] T. F. H. 

{144(f-lo0.f), wa« lb.! third daughtar of 
Uiclittrd, duki- of York, by Cecily Nerill, 
dimyhlerof Itulpb, first earl of We^linoHuuI. 
Eilwanl TV wm htr htw'her. She wiw bom 
at FotLeringtiy Caatlo in XorthnnipCoDshtrQ 
on Tuesday, SMur I44(>. f^lie wa« orcr four- 
teen when bar fatner waa k'dlcd at Wakefield, 
and nearly fiftomwhL'n her br<jtbvr Edward 
wasnroulniujpdldng. On 30 March 1166 Ed- 
wanl granted licr an nnnuity of fiiuT hundred 
BJork* out of ihc rxchcijuer, » hieh being in 
arrcar in tho followinK Nnveralx-r a warrant 
wna isHued for Hs ftdf payment (Utkbb, 1st 






*d. li. MO, 551 >. Two yt*n Uter (24 Auf(. 
lJ67j lh« kmouiit i>f it km tnctvMcd to 
40U (J^t. ". ZW*-. ir, pt. ii. lu. 16). Oil 
SS Mareb 1 t€ti ibi- Eirt uf Warwick, Lonl 
Uaotiopf, and vibeni wvrc oonimiHioaud to 
a«^ti«t« * murriatK fvr licr uitb Cli&rIo», 
ONUit of Cban>IaU,eIiJ»l ftuiml' fltilip, duke 
of BiUffulKly- I'tiv t'r^>I>'^>sa] Ituo^ lor some 
tuil6 ia the balonov, tni Lnuia XI trird (•) 
tbnart it by oflnrlna; bcr u a hu^faiuid Pliili- 
bcrt, tiriaco of S*voy, A ciiriou* b&r^iu 
oiado D}^ Sir Jobn Puton Tor the purrbunf of 
k bovw un I Mnv l*lt)7 fixu6 tbe pricu ut 4/., 
to ho pftid nn tbe day of tb« Diarri>4;e if it 
ohouMiake ]ilace viiliin i-wn jean; oiher- 
wi«c the fnce wa« in be niilv ^J. Ilint aamc 
year Chark6 bccarnvDiike of Iturgundy by tbo 
dMth of luB fiilber, and ihc HOapciidod iiego- 
tiatians lor thir lauriiigc were ninovcK), n 
KTcat vniba4rk' Win^rominit'Mnncd In gtioter 
to cdnclufb) It in i^pli-mU-r ( UrMEB. lat cd. 
xi. CiW)). On I Oct., iiTi>b.ibly bffoiv tliv 
aobuay hnd kn, Mnivuret btxMlf ilL-cUivd 
her (oruul aKr««iuP<it to iliu maicli iu u grvnX 
caiiBd) beld &i Kin^JiioD-iipoa-TliBiiieii. A 
further embttMTWss sent over lo Flnndore in 
JuitiU7 1461!', both for the marriitge uid Tur 
• comiDucial timTy (_iA. xi. tK)l), and oci 
17 May tb« iilliani'Kn'U'roniinllT niiiiDiiiicMl 
to [Ntrliuocni tiy ibx Iivrd t')iuiirt'tlor,*nU(*na 
anbaid}' wai a&liM] fnr ■ \<ur ugaiiut France 
<Jtoto^iVir(. V. 622). 

On 18 June Maifrawt set out for 1-laiidera. 
Site wsatfam etayingaitbo Kiug's Ward- 
robo in tbe eiiy of Ijondon, from Ktiich fhv 
ArMweal lo.Sl. raursaRdmndc-anallonii);: 
tlu-n. with tbp Karl of Wnrwivk )>rf«T>' br 
on ibe UBK hont', »Ii(' rt[l>- through Chi-ap- 
ber with a pair at rich baains and 100/. in 
■old. 'Iliai ni^ht -lii< lodged at Stmifonl 
AbbsT, vrfaere 1 he kin;; and (|ut?eu also at ayod. 
Slie eu«n made' a nilcrimap> to St. Thomaa 
ofCantdrbarr, and ptnhnrkorl 4r Mnr^ntc on 
the 24tb. firxt (Iht k]w nrrirnit iit SJuvm, 
where Rbehada »pl<«idi<l vrli^nmiin-ilh b<>n- 
Biva and poccant*. On Smiilay, tliu 2*1th, 
th» old Uu^Md of Burffiindy, lUa diiko'a 
unthor, paid lierarisil. Xi'il day ibi- diiki> 
hirawlft^me loeceli^r 'wilh twicnty pernona 
M^Titily,' and ih*y were ufIi«iio.'J tiy lhi> 
Bubop of ^^«li«btirvt nft^r wbicli ih« diikc 
tOoklMVAofhorand fvtiintcd to itruK<r». IT* 
can* a|{aln OR Tbumlav, mid llui miiiTinp- 
took pUce '>ti SuiiiioT followinu Oi J<ily } iil 
Damtnr. TIk* »pli;"'ii>ur «f tbe- fr»tivil»Lt>, 
whieb vvrv contitiUL-d f»r niau dnyn, tuxvd 
vVen ihe pmvrrs of licralds to dtstriU-, and I 
£i>gl>«hrovii •ti-clnriTl ihil tbi^ lUiTtjiiiiilinii ' 
court waa only parallvlvd by Kiiic Artluir's. 
But accorlinif tonwowwlut Uler autlichij, j 

just lLft« th« ^tdilinf; ibrt dtih« and bia bride 
weiv neariy bunvd in bed by tixftctiory in a 
c&etle nearllTu^cf. 

The loarriagr wii>a tuming-poiat in tbu 
kiatory of Kuropv, cuoieutinK the political 
aLliancs) •:•{ IturKuudy ikud tUo Louet; of ^'oHu 
It* ianportiiucu wut t»fii l\f> yean latnr, 
urbcn Edward IV, dri»eii froiu'bie tbroue, 
wniglit rcfii^- nitli his broihcr-in-lew in tbe 
?>alhurliuid»> and nbtninud friim him iimIsi- 
aticetu rvcoveril. Mirgnn-t hod nil along 
strwiuoutilycjidi-iivniifrdto ixroiicilf Kiiwnra 
uud hij brolhi-r C'lan-iirr, aud it wan nininly 
by hor elTorla tliiit tlit^ Ultrr wan di-larhMl 
from tbe party of IJtnxy VI unil Warwick. 
Uf bcr domcelic lifc.LoweviT, little set-uu to 
W^ known. 8hr showed much aticntiim to 
Caxioii.wbonras nt thctiinc governor of the 
Mcrchimt-AdvTntumsttt Bni$f<», niid bcforo 
Marth H"l)-1 In- n-»ipicd tk)i,i nppoiiitnit^nt 
to eniiT thti diitln'(«i'n Imuwlmld. Whiln m 
her sorvice Cu\lon traiinbiti-d ' I.e Itii^uuil 
dt.'s IIlAtoiri's de Trove.' and U-uriied ibo new 
urt of jirintin^ in order to multiply copies 
of hia irnnslaiiDD [»ee CixioK, Williaji], 
Wilkin nine rears of her marriage Mar- 
jjiirKl's kitibund frll at the hflttle of Nancy, 
Si Jan. I47~, and alii* wiu> b-l^ a cliildUms 
widow, Iu July <ir AukiwI l-lt*0 nlm paid 
a vixit la ihi- kiiij,', liitr bnithi-r. in Enirlaiid, 
and remained there till iho cud of St-ptian- 
ber. During her »lay she nblained several 
Iicwnap4 til v3i]iort oxen niid ilieep to ilanders, 
and altui tu export wiml free of custom ( /Vexol 
Kal/, -M I^Iw. J I \ mm. IT. o, tl). Thw iwt of 
her lifi; wait]ias»>d in ihir Nvlherlnnilv, w-hvro 
sIiL- was Lroiibb-d at limi's in Thi- in i!u;i'K*iuii 
of her jointure bv the Mii'llimis incmiiiir*. 
and coutiDually [iiotltnir n^aiiut Il(<iiry \'il 
nfleT he came lo th>* ihiMtie. .\ Inr^ti'piiri of 
tlioflowrj' graute-l hi'r by Edward 1\' was 
cotillKcalcil on Henry's accession; and for 
thio rauiu-, i)oubtle»«, im well as party s]>iTit.* 
her court ln^namti a ivfii^i for dtuilectM 
Yorkiat*. S^lio raeoura^'d thctwoimpoator*, 
LBinberi Simn^'l ond Parkin Warbwk, »- 
ci-tviiip the latter nt her oouri as hiT tttfhew 
Kichard, duke of York, and writiiif; in liic 
fnrnnr lo other pnne«s : but she waa obliged 
in 14!)X to npnlngiw tn Henry for her fiie- 
tiniifni«H. In l-'iOOiho «tiioir(>oi1inolliw to 
thnfuturei-mpfiror, ('hnrli>« V, a |i^»nt-)^nd- 
>>>n of hvrhuibaod'ii, iiniaed nOrr hiiii. SImi 
liit'i at M>V!liliti in l.'LKt, ami wm buru'd in 
the chiirvb of thi.- Curib-ln-rr. 

A pioil |nrtnut of Jlargnn't, puinted on 

Kanel, once llie projierty of th<: l>fv. Tliomaa 
.crrii'h if), v.j, librarian of C'jimhnd^fu Lni- 
V'/o-ity. i" tiow ii)(lie r-wms of the Society of 
Anti>)uariee at Hurl infill on llodfe. It bhowi 
a Uidy of fair compk-kiou, with ivd lips, dork 

Margaret Beaufort 130 Margaret Tudor 

ujrus. Knd arcliwi. cvt-browg; hut ]ier hnir is 
antiruly cniinmiJinl itiiilrr oiiit of llio clusi*- 
fitliii^' liigh li<!iiililn>Bi(i>]t iif t!io |)iTiiitl. 'J'li^ 
art it! , M r. Sclinrf ihinkk. wns pniliiibty Hugo 
Vftiiiiur ("iiwii, wlio is recunlfii to hnvt- bwn 
luuiilciyud on l.lii> lii'ooratioiis for Margani'v 
weildiug- The iiicl lire wasenKTuvedinvol. V. 
of lli« firet wliljo^n or t\n' • Paeluii Lsltera' 
(I>'C14>, fti"! niiin- rwoi-nlty in itliidiie's ' Life 
and Typnprnphy of Wtllinni CutIoh' (IW>I). 

nVillmlmi \Vjfiyi»ti?r Aniiftln; Rirrrjil/i Ui»- 

torics. pp. li!J3-iil' : MiWii r** li'Olii-i-T ilt.' U 
MnrahB. ili. lul_a(Jl (Soc. df I'llUf. do l-'rasi^e); 
114mi>iri» da Uikytiifi (Si>o. di-t llililiojihilui lit 
Mon«), i, lOll sr| ; Wnurin'ii Ri'riiril ilt-* Chni- 
aiques. vul. v. (ItolU od.}; C'ltDpic lUndu dn 
SinncPN dc U Ccililiiiit&iuti lEuyjlr il'IIiituicr, 
IIni»iiEU, 1813, pp. ISS-Tt, id. 1th jxt. ii. 9-X2: 
E^airnicii<^ wUtinK to Kiojt Kdwnrd IV, ut cud 
atSproli.'* Oirwhicle (]Iettrr>ol, p.. ■_'»((-, Ar<-1»^* 
l6gfj,s«(i 3V7-3S:llB[norio]-'^.f((.tiry VIX. rtTid 
LettrraundPiifwniiifRiahnr-l III iinJ tUnTvVII 
(Ko!lii<w.); CnlcndjUTi nfSUli- t'liiM'™ (Vfiinrinn 
Mid Spun i(h): IlftU'sChroii. ; Stinilrai\r«Gen«9)l. 
HiiL] J. 0. 

0p][ifHiKisii4.siiJ}BaiJi(l-141-lM«). ^Seo 


MARGARET TUDOR (Il-^O-irftll. 
iiuiH^ii ol' :^(;iit!iii:cl. l!ir cldi-st dmiElilcr nf 
Henry VII, kini; nf Kii^liuitt, mid K!!rii)ii>lh 
of York, waslinrtiHt Wtwliniii^'tiToiiUSXiiv, 
1480, Biid bttplisHnl in iW uliWy nn lIikWcIi, 
St Andrew'* dnv (LEiasu, ("v/ti-cletrati, iv. 
352 M|.; cf. Ilamilfvn Papers, i. 51). Her 
»]»on»nr»i were JInrparel, cniiiile«* of Uich- 
nioiii). lt«r uriiiiilmoilii>r, tlie lluchess of 
Norfolk, Knd Art- It bi dhoti Mi>rt(jn (Cjki:i:x. 
Pfinrrmpn, iv. oH-'Jl. Sli" pndinljly pijsti-d 
ter inffltitv "iili ]i<-r bnillii-r Arlliiir (if 
l-'ondinni in Surrey. IltT ■•ddi-iuiun w«k 
ea.rly bri>k(^n olf, bill *lie cnuld write, Tlioiifib 
sho cimfeMfd it hii 'evil Iiniid,' nnd bUo 

filnved njKin the lute and dniiecrrd lib. pp. 
i!i.'ilSl). Hti ■2:i June 14!iri Henry Vlt com- 
miMiimi'd Wiidiiini Fiixu [<|>v.\ bJHli'ii) of 
Diirliuiii. ftiid i.ilb<ir*,lo n(i|)iiiiiit« ii niiirrini:;! 
betwoL-D MarjTiirel mid Jhhh'k IV of Sf"t- 
Iftnd in tht lii]])e t>( nvorliii^' Lik ri'i''-(il jtm 
of IWkin Warbeck. the- prv'IeiidL-d iMke of 
York ('/'"■dVjw. sii. r»7i!: Spatii/Jt Ciil'ttrlor, 
i, S">: l*iXKf;mo\,/////of5i^.>K'"//n»j'/,t7!>7, 
ii. Wil. Th» nft'.-r iiiil-cd to pTi'vr-nt .Fsni"' 
from cupiiiuiEit; till- diiiHi' of WnrJHipl, but 
tnui Tpni'wod thii wisxt v(*ftr with t.ln' wipjiort 
of Spniii. Tbf oflintn iiwioiHTM nf Ull") piv 
oeived frtsli iiowtw lo armtipi- tin- iiwrringc 
on 5 :MnT,aiid oftain on '2 Si-pt. MtH>(ll\l!f, 
Cat. tjf Diitiimfnt* Tvfirtinff l6 SmtMnd, iv. 
No. 1022; J-'nifeyn, xii. oiyi), Jamt-tt Wil* 
not »t t.liio tiiuu willing to give u|i Wurbeck 

nnd it vrta not until nft.ur tlip difartuiw of 
the prvlcndcTraiid ihc imaf of 3U Sept. 1497 
ivitli En(;Uiid, tliat lli<! marriaeiii mu a^in 
)niggtfit(>d. TheTudor liinlori«neinali# Jamiw 
biniHtdf ronow thp propasal lo Foici' when 
mini tnnrmnci' a. hfirdermiortel at Norfaam 
In 149H, wIiiRli tlirfintpncil In li^rmiiintf tli« 
truM I Grkkx, p. HT). li«nrv ic Mid la hnvo 
«|uiMfd some feiir* in hi* Voiined hy th« 
aseiirauct- ibat, even if Miirgur«t cann- io xha 
t^Dplii^h crown, ' the JinalW would fvtr t(A- 

iowibr. lar/;erkiugJcim'(Poi,TI10EE VEEfllt, 

xxvi, t;()7|. I'eact) uutil One y>?ar after tli« 
dciitti of tli« suniror wae cuucliided be- 
iwu^iii Hi-nrj- nnd Jomoa on i2 July HiW, 
tiiid Scottisli f'oinini^Airitiprn w<-r« nppointod 
to ncgulinl'.' tbi; mnrriiijrc {Cat. "/ Zteinc 
mfTift. iv. No. IO'jS). Un 11 Sopt.. tbroe 
days uflcr his inlilicalton of tbv pcscc.Hsiuy 
comuiieetoiied Fuic to uuiidiict lUi: se^otia* 
itoii* ( I-'wtJera, \\\. 72H). Thty were >omr- 
whut urotmcliid. It wua not iiutil l'8 July 
l-'JOO that tlio popt: ^ra.ui->d a dispeuncioa 
for till) mnrria^f, Jnini-s and Margaret beinK 
rclnlvd ill tlic fourth dc-croo, through tb« 
iniirrmtK' of Jiimo« I willi Joon I)oaufoi1> 
and iht-re wiin n fuitlirr diday of ooariy 
vitfhtiiHn luuiitbH hefont Jaini»i nn 8 OcC 
ICOl, Biuilly emitoweriMl hiA nimmtn-iionrTV 
to concludn tboiiiarrinpj(0/.r^7>r«»mmf«, 
iv. 'So. 1(T78 : I'li^eya, in. "(S*i), .\t IrtiRlIi 
the tnnrriu^c treaty was nf^pcd to al Kicb- 
luonil PnWi^on 34 Jan. IfiOi*. Mareiirclwas 
Btcurei! tin- ru'lnmnry dower lnnd».iiiclndirp 
Stirling niid Linlithgow, xii xAw. amount of 
3,'.iOO/. a yfiir, hiit I In* Ti'v«^nin'» w>-r"> t« \h> 
[laid to liL-r ibroudli Jnnif*. A ii'n.iiiin of 
live hnudivd marks was, ho**vtT, to be al 
btr own disnosal. Ilenty iindcriuok to giv* 
hi-r a marriage portion of thirty ihoiisaiid 
gold ' BTip?! ■ iiob!e§ iU>. xii. 7S7; )f«EE», 
m>. (W, 1011), A trf'iity of i)«7|x-timl poaeo 
Ij*iwn'n En^bind nnrl Scotland wnn coi»- 
clodi'd on the ■am*' dny {f'lrdfrfi, vii. 71W). 
The rai itiratioiw wi-rc fxchangf d in I ii-ci-iulMtr 
{tb. xiii. -13, 46, i*^(,2), and tlw eApotujiU 
were celebro ted al Kiphniond on 2<'i Jan, luOS. 
Till" Karl of liolhweli notwi a« pmxy for 
Jiimes, Tho union wapproclaimwl n! i'sul't 
Crow, and w^rlrom* d with pojinhir njjoicings 
(Orekk. pp. ihMl), Thi' di'jiih of IJiieen 
KlixnliiiMi. EiiiwcvfrrfOii 11 F«.>b. llirvw u cloud 
ovvt (Ulf fr'siivition. 

Jn 3In.y Mnrgari't'^ nltopni!y«peri>i»ed •«iiiiu 
ofher duwyr Innda (fir^tra, xiii. IVJ, <il-7I, 
73), llpnty bad MipulalLtl thn*' 1h> sboultl 
nr't M>nd liis daughter tn Scotlniid before 
1 Se|il. ]T}t)ii. lint on lhi> r[><|iie«'t of JnniM 
kIic tefl" KiiiliTTinnd on '27 Jonc, In lii-riinilo 
was John Young, S'nnrrsr't hnrahl, w)io«* 
vrry fidl and ()unint aoceunt of tho joHtn^y 




Margaret Tudor 151 Margaret Tudor 

nprintM by II'-AnH< (LBUttn, CaHtrtaita, 
IT. :^'>Mi<qq.^ Ilr^ Inlbrrtook niintTMCtiioiiite 
£u*vn-ll lit !iiT nt r(illyw«»Irtn in Nnrili- 
omptmubiK, and, e»curte<l iionUwiknli in 
■t«l« hy tbe Karl of Sunvy. and pttllierini; 
s irn»l Inin. Ae enieRNl Scotland od 
1 Aug. and renclMrd L>klkrith on ihe •'ird, 
Shi' i>!Ceiv»*) daily vi»it» «f cprvmtiny fixim 
Jsniira iinlil Iht iiIii;w ■•ntry into Kilinlnir^li 
on MimiUy. 7 Aiii;. TliPy vntnt nmrrii-d oil 
8 Ah;:, ill ill.' clinpri of HnlynKid, by ihe 
Arehbiftfa<^af (tlu^wiiitJ Vurkd'A.l Mtu 
Sctickbuid (p. n6) prints a iiiaiiusiM-i[)t epi- 
ihaUtnium. TUe court poet, Hillism Dun- 
Imt, composed his allegnriral poem, 'Ttie 
Xhiittto Mad tilt) llotm,' in wliicli h« uxilted 
tlw linewe of the ( Knglisli) rom nbora that 
of the ^rcoKh) lily. DuiiImt lienainn ■ 
OCHUUnt alttnulnnt of Mufpuwt, uid iltidi- 
cBUd aentni of hi» pocnw to licr. Afti^r 
■evenl daja'feiiiviik-!* Uvr En^liih L<sc«rt 
Ktamad bcmie. parrying a Tnther petotant 
ud hoaMick letter* to ber futhvr (UKtsx, 
p. lOOf. A nonhem projjnww (x-rupicd tlip 
m* of thu T«ir, «nd in Man.>li l.VU .Mnr- 
guet wu crnviMHl in the I'trlinnn nl Hnll. 

Thft ittim(>m'hftl<)m'mlouBToun('rjiiM'n wn* 
childtcM f(>F M-Tftml vesm/and Jstm^, who 
luid dismiued Ills mutrMd, Jum K^nm-dy, 
befan hi* tnaniaire, iltongb not unkind, r^ < 
sttmM ku invj^TilaritiM and aclciiowledD<^d 
hi* tU<-^itii&at« diildiwn (i2. pp. iM), UH). , 
But itwtir relation* imprf>v^ with lh<t birth 
of a Hon, nn til Feb. l'>()7, whir-h liroit([lit 
upon Uar^nrat n moiit vialftit diwoiu!, her 
Kcorm' rmm wbieh wu Mori bod to a *|iuciitl 
joiimcy JaiuM made to tbc nhnmr of Si. 
"S'iiiiaii Bt Whithcra (ii. yp. 124-5|. Itiit 
tbe diild, nbtf wiu chrialcnod Jnniea,di<Ki 
on H Feb. IStH A dsue>iWr, bnm )■> Joly 
ia tbat yoar, ditnl aliua>!'t Lmnicdialety, al^cr 
■gnin Bewty cwtintf Marir*n:t her litV, and 
m con bora ^ Uct. \hi.M, and cbri#lcn<^d 
ArtbuTt Urcd only to 15 July I'rlO. But ii 
•oa born on EaoUT cw. lU Apfil l'jl2, nur- 
viT«il TO bu kin^ an Jiimf.i V (iV/. p. 146; 
Ltittrt and Papem, i, 386^). A dnufrliltT 
bora prcniainrvlv. in November of tlie name 
Jtemorial* r/ Henry Vll. p. V2-i\ Hkkks, 
p. I>>1>. A wm, Alrxondrr, crvoipl Ihiko 
of RoKN irav bom on 30 -April l')14, aficr 
Ii#r huidmod's dratb. 

A« mrly as 1 -'lOH Jiudm w&« acruia leaning: 
tnwardaa b'lvncb alliiinri'. Tbe Ivlation>b(^• 
tw«cn Enfftand and Scotland jtrew more and 
raorp iiraino]. and vben Henry VIII jninei] 
the Ilnly Leagui^ nmiiiift I'mncr Jnmp»iii- 
t^rrrt] into an nlliiiiur with Ijouia Xlt on 
2:; \lar IMS ( ib. p. IWn, Margaret, who had 
■■iiml Kerdinaixi of Anigiiit in March of 

I lier httsbnnd's ilMirv- for pcacu {^Lettm and 

Cai and lln' Eugliitii imrly, allbuugti Jleory 
riafced tliii lunporl aiid ttara «. pi-»it>xt to 
James for biaclioiiffn of bunt by n-iltdivlding 
a It^BBcy which shu claimed. TtieMaLcrnvnU 

. oF Ituclmnan. lindsiiy of I'iiaetitttM, and 
Dnimninnd that this le^cy irasune of Jl-wvU, 
Ac, bi'(iueat;bi<d UifT by iTmci? Arthur, may 

' perliBp* bti rcconcibid witli thaw of Mar- 

I varet and Dr. \V'<'iil, lb» I'Inglish envoy in 
bcoiland, ilific it w-a* a Hum uf mouciy Isft 
by Ileniy VI!, by BU{>ita«ing that. Arthur 
had lefl tli«m uiiti llw§ und«F«tandii)K thot 
tbey wen* \o belonf!' to his father diiniig bin 
life, Wi'^l's If.'lters Eeeni to imply that the 
Slim wiw a vnliinrioti. It wae (Irat formally 
di'tnandird iu \iAXi>. IlcRry soem; ti> bavi> 
bt4.<n afrnid tbnt it ivmiUI \n' Mt-A ir) ^iippty 
Jomea'i want of ui«mry (Orbkn, pp, 1&1-2; 
Lttter* and Paprrt, \.\is*:i, umy 

By IfilS Janiea bad mhdt' up hl« tuind to 
Join in the mtr on ihc side of Franci), and 

' told \Vl>s1-, who wu« sent in March topronuaa 
]lfl^^npnt of tb» legacy if bo lenuLd keep the 
trvnty of puacv, that bit would pay his wife 

, hiautulf (Crkiix, p. 157). It woflin vain that 
AlarmM triisi to di-t.T him from wnr with 
E:n{!-land by dreami and privrrango^I tnin^ 

' cul'viLiiraminf^ (i&) Yet in liis will hi! ap- 
pointed Alarffarel, in the erent of h\» dtath, 

, tirtto regent and (|-iijiMinn of th>.- yonn^.'^Janiu!', 
cnntmnr to thi'' ountom of tb^ iv^liu by wbicb 
till! minor n-NHlrft totbo eiiiirdintiJ^hip i>f ibe 
lurxt ill ftucceiMion, and InniilM ln't dower 
beqiii.>athi:-d bt-r ontr-tliifO of liia pcreoncil 
revcuiip* for life, ile also onwiwly «m- 
powtireil her, without lliu kiiowi.jd|jc <,t con- 
sent of his ciiincil, tod'upuoe of a aiib>idyof 
«igkt«i>n ibnUHiitid crowns lulvly recared 
from Fronccd'A, p.m;)). Uo had refused to 
take livr wilb bitu, and »bc remained at I Jo- 
lithgow, vt-nditig U> n»k for IJm^ii Carhe- 
riue'* prDVL-ra. until cho unns of FlnddcD and 
her biLsband'e death uinved. (Letltrt and 
Pajtrn, i. 44l'l; cf. 46t0». lt«lrealii^ to 
IVftb. ahe wrcle to lier brother drprrcating 
further hoetiliiie^, and, aumiuoniiiir iioUoM 
and clersy, performci ibf! ' llouniing Coro- 
nation ' oi'JoiacsV within twenty dnvB after 
bisftttbrrVdcaihtt^TKli-KLAXii, p.MiCiKlXK, 
p. ir.S). Hut hi-i- pmitinn wn» a iuo« difH- 
ctilt ntv- In fpifi'iiflhr Urunz French feel- 
iniriu Sciiilnii<i, lurr S)iccv--<« in obtaining a 
truce from llmry only decrcimrd ber ii»- 
tliiience, and she was iintililf Ui vHo thv 
recall fmiii France of ihts next Iicir to the 
crown al^er Iter sonn, John Siewatt, duhe of 
Albany [qT.", whom tb<.- French party were 
already plotting to aubsiituie for tier to 
regent (itt. \jp. I"r-fe0>. The council re- 

Margaret Tudor is* Margaret Tudor 

MrtllL'd licraplilicittiou to Itoin*: fur uowvr It) 
coiifi:r vcii-niit bulioprics. At lu^l tlicru was 
Bji opciu s]ilit, anil she withdrew witli ber 
in)(t]iorturrt tit Htirlin;;, StrongtlioQoJbvtht' 
ikcri-aHi'Dii uf JaoitH ilamilloa, euctnid curt of 
Amui [q. v.], iind I^ord llomv, dui oflccUd 
a lomporory nuonciliutioa of purliof in July 
1614, and ScuTltind ven.-' i:iiiupn«i?d in tbe 
trmty lirl.wruii I''miii.'t^ imil l'iii);lHiid tiijriied 
an thn 21)iliul' iliai imxilli. 

Rut Hi'iiry'fl I'uilun." lo bind I^uia bot. to 
nllitw AliiitiY to rtrluru lo Scoiloud kft Mar* 
l^rinV (inHlioii iniwcun-. ond nlmoift forced 
her lo lean mcircandmari* iiiiuijth'iltoiiplii.'cw. 
In whtit ]'rot"itti'ins pR-.^inti, pnlicy, nnil t.lii! 
pR'wiim lit' i.lii-hiniBiMif l)(iii|;Iiin riintribiiipd 
to Mnnjnri'!'* ili'n»irtn In *urpri*e tUe world 
bv n innrriiiifi^ viWh ibi- baiidwoie \o\mg 
Areliiliiilillliiu?ln«,nixthoarlof Anijusfc^.v.j 
grand^m of Arfbibald Bt'll-l he-Cut, it in 
not eosy t'l determine. 81i»' wus c.'rtainlv nf 
a BUsceplible and iinpetuoii* l»im>i.'niincnl. 
ll«npy bud ibOatifd lliti Sci«ti«b idea of 
niflrrying lu-r ro Tjiiti.i Xtl, and bud induced 
t.liB kni|ifnir Miisimilijin, whose nucretury 
went. t(i Sciitlnuil and brouf/lii lack afavour- 
ablie ri^iinrt ul' li^r. to dfclare hi^ willintmi^is 
lo marry her {Lttttrs mid I'lr-iifr*. i, •V.'OfS), 
but on ti Aiijr. sh" wiw priviin.'Iy TriJirri.-il to 
Aiiffiiit in tlii:'cluirch "f Ivinnuull, nnur IVrtb, 
by *Vallcr Driiinin'incl, dnn-n <if llunlitimu. 
ni^pbi'w 'if Lord llriiiuiiioiKl. jimtiMar of 
wlioifisniJ to]iavi>{jrniiiotL'dthi?D]ai{^li. Mar- 

faret was already seeking lo advance Gavin 
loiijiln* lbe> inwt, uncle of Atik'n^-, ti. hiprh 
pre Turin I'll I, anil the swrrel sfwiii linU''! unt, 
TJi'iiry Vlll nt'Ci'jiti'd tin? miirriniff, iIkiii^Ii 
111-, taa, liiid bt'i'ri kept iu llie dark, und Im 
wrote to ilic yoyv in iiii|)[i(>rt. of (iaviti 
Dou^Ins's <^laim la t]\6 ari^bbisbiipris of Si 
Andr«wH, wlii(?Lbei'Bin<> vacant ^'imeiuoixb^ 
later. Hut .Mari.tir*>t found ^he liiid niade a 
cnn^t imprudent stvji, shu Itnil nbi'tinred 
■ lie ()th4T Scnlli'ib noliW und j:|reit|rllii'iiiKl 
ibi* ])nrtv rtf I'Vi'iii-li allirtni"P, led by Jnnii-n 
Bt.'aton [i]. V.I, nrfkbjibop of i;ia*(row, and 
Fnmiaii, wlii^m Iboy iufeeasfidlr Hiipporu-d 
for th» airhbi^htpric of St. Andrews, ilar- 
gnrel was obliged t-i sign an inTitati.^n la 
Albany TO cuiii" over ae governor, and iL* 
privv ooiincii on IH Siipt. ri-snlvoid ibnt »Iip 
bad by lii-r connd mnrringc fnrfnili-d ihit 
offio(? of lutris to lii'r win (^Giires, pp. ItJd, 
\8ih. Sbe niFiiiitaiiK'd her«i?lf in Stirlinff, 
uiid pro('ur>-d llit- bi^Uiniric of Piinkcld for 
Gavin Lki"i)ibi*'; Imt Albany arrived iti Mnv 
liilo, waj> iiiveBt./d witb llif reKeucy. an"! 
bri>k" lip tbii party of llie Uoufrlasefe, Mar- 

fari't, after Hit nttempt to work upon lUn 
ojalty of t lie hvsivgvr* by pUcLug Jameaon 

th« nm)iarta in orQWO and KCplrvi bad to 
eurreuder ^tirlin); vorly In Atifn»l. Mid 
Albany obtained poeaeAAiMi of lIir young- 
prince* (ace under ifocaiAs, AncxiaAt.D, 
lixtb Eaiu. op AsfiCBi tiuEtix, p\>. I^Jj-:^) 1 ; 
Lrtlcn ami lepers, I 5(114, fi4I4 j.ii. 07, 574. 
705. 7r», 857). 

Mnrpintt wan krpl under wotoli kt Hdin- 
burvh, and bi-r dnwi-r n^vpniif:- wi-rr- with- 
lirlu. Henry bad niiit'n tlm lH>([imiinj;of tlie 
Yoar bona ufgititr Ix^r '" Hy to Rnjrbind witJi 
Lor sons, but slie bad feari^d ta iui|>eril 
James's crown tib. ii. ++, 6i'. C6: Gbkbx, 
p, Ifti*). Ilnving nirn- nofurtber conlrolover 
tlirm, ."jbt' obtniiiL'it pi.Tinission to go to Lin- 
lit]i(fi>w 111 'lake brr cbninbcr,' nod thus 
coiiirivftd (o iiiiiki' biT I'RCftr"" to ibii borders, 
and was adniiiteil alime iiitu Kn^lxnd by 
Lord Dane, uitdirr Ilenrj's'irdi-w, nii San* 
day. 30 Sept lAlfi. Hifjlit day* latnr ului 
ffavp birtb. at Harboltle Caillc, Nortbum- 
oerlnnd. to n ' C'bn*ten sowie beynj; a yoii^ 
lndy,' Mnrjfaret llon^las [q. T.I, afierwaidii 
<'<mii !»■.'« iif lirnniix and raot.fier of Lord 
I)arnb-y (t*. pp. 'JJ'.i~l; Kii.w, t^llm. 2iid 
■er. i. iliiit. hlitt wa* again nl tbr point of 
death. On ati >'nv. rtiu was n-innviil, «iif- 
fuTin^ n^nies froni seialica, to Miiri>i>tli. 
wbera Angus joinpil her iOiieex, p. 'I'JH ; cf. 
Lrtt^rit ami I'n/irri, ii. IS-W). lief auffeirillKit 
worn ■imimvbfit relieved liv a 'wondwrfnl 
bjv« t'f iitiimrell" irt.( 'Sim bas two new 
{Townii bi'l-u litdVjre lu-r uririi nr twirw o day. 
Sbebae Iwenlv-two flno (rownjuand bna arnt 
for more.' Tbe news ol' tb« di-aib of bur 
favfiurile son .'Vleiander, on IS Hec. itK|[rn< 
valwl ln"r illtH'Rei. It was Kngliab |tre!t)iura 
ibiit niiidn Mrir^ret ^iprn an?uMtionaai>ail)at 
Alliany of iiiniinp nf, t.lic i-fiwn find driTipg 
bi-rfrom Si-oiknd in fi-arof b^r lifn. At the 
dieliitioii of Lord DnPT^ isbo ili^mnndod not 
only the p^vernmi-nt of ber cbildrtm, but thn 
re^encv- A more r«aaonab[L' loltpr from 
bL-rBpIt was followed by thoiy'Iean* rtftinvin 
llon|.dni). wlinm Albiiny bad imprisoneil, and 
nnr.rii in nUrm advi^nl lier n-mcvul cnutb- 
wnrds (dni-rn-v, pp. li.ti-li). Angn^ jirwfi'rred 
till' fftmi-rositv of .■\lbanr, iinil e^capdd, 
■whieli miiPli' n»ld•^ Stargnr'-t to rnmse' 
I Halt., p. 684). She set out from Morjielli 
on ^' April, rrerivt'd a tlying visit frvDi tbo 
ri'tni^rvefid Angii*, and on 3 Slur "intpir*! 
I^iidon nnd wa? lodged ol Wayiwri's t'aatlif. 
I On ibfi 7th »bo joined ilie cwrt nl Orven- 
' wicb<(:ni;i;5, p, lMO). Ucnry, who niin*d 
' lit the cjitin.' ifliminationof Frcncb influence 
' in Scullnnd, impi-dc-d lipr rrcoiiciliation will) 
I Albany. But in 1517 ubi- v^t nllovcd lo 
I r^^lll^n t-j yc'llsnd. Sbo wua promim^d ibe 
rofct'iratii-u of ber dower rt>veniit!5 and liberty 
' to a-e berson, now iu EdlnlurgbCavtlf, but 



Margaret Tudor 153 Margaret Tudor 

biirgh by iiijfhl escorlei! only hv Sir JameB 
IlBmiltoD, biti lliU s\w denied {ib. iii. IIW.); 
Ultiu:!c, p. 2!*»ii. When ll^urv 8J(i«i wilh 
ninrW V, Krancis ttlloweil Aniiiny rorotuni 
to 8cnttnni.l oti IK Nov. I">l'I. A1l>n-Ti7 Aad 
.Miir){iintt. w"i'it> nnw {'lim-ly iiwocialrJ, nnd 
Dacri- aoFUM-'il Iut, truly ur llili«i]v, of being 
' ovor-tcmk-r ' with tht* n-'fjiMit,' lie and 
WoUey biiJ cireulntfJ iv ruinour tbtit in 
soliciiinf; at Kom(^ a. divoreo bc-iwe^n. 
cnivt and Anf^us Albany jitujmsed to na 
her hiowi'lf, Albany, liowover, ' lifitl enOUB 
nfaru' wifn' (I'A, p. Ull). Sn atronflf WM ill 
coiiihinntioti of tlir f'^gpnt nnd (bii (jiicon- 
niothiT thnt Angus ojiIht con<rtntml l.-i ro- 
tir*! 10 France or •«■%% kidnitg-pinl tliithi'r hy 
Alliiitiy, as IliMin* attfiicJ, mid Liiidwj' of 
I'll HOt lie (1I10 BlaU'?". 

Jlarv^n;! (i(.'ti>jaa iulurmeUJary lu t be truce 
n^f(<^'''*'''>'>^ b<.'twiji.>u Unciv au<J Albuny in 
Sept'^nnber 1->L1', After AIbjiuv'« ri'liifn to 
I''raiici'on l^OcC. Morgurct rouelit to f'orai ■ 
part TonK-r own round the ^ounKkiiiKivitli 
theeuppiirt of Englnnd, Anli-Kiigli.ili I'cclinf ^ 
ran Uigii in Scullund uflvr ^urrt'T'a Jevo rt ^^ 
Mini 111' tin; lowtuiidr, niidllici|ii<'r!n pn)fMKd' 
lii-reulf n-uily, IT iii'L-d Ik-, lucnier KiiKlaiid 'in 
her smwk* lo labour fi>r the wciirily of bar 
fujn ( a, m>. 3^7-tl ; Ltffer» nnd i'apera, iii. 
itlb^). when Albany did not ri'ltmi at thai 
dntc prnmi»L^] ( A iisiisi \ffiii), Margaret^. «-)iO| 
liod [imvidi-d for bur rrtn-nt into En^lor " 
nrgi.^1 l)>t! Kntilinti govi-rninrnl to nction*' 
but llii"v |>rcfiTriil lo li-l t-vmip ili-fieU?. The 
^H'ottifcu {luriiniiit'nl of 81 \\ig. would hnve . 
eiumiti puled Jaines and come ici iin urraim 
tneut wiib l'!n[;lnnd, fiut ri>r ik<.- nt'wi* lliBt 
Albany Imd ^nilcdfrdMi IHc-o r<i y. wbich Mnr- 
gan.'l sliginiitiMfl ii« *t!din^« of tlip <_'nni>n- 
pitc' Aftnr iliin n-linlT »bc ' gmi biiicrly 
all Ahj' ((JRi:E.t. pp. 3-tl-.")), Tbr king, 
l()(i, ' Mjuke very win- fur tmi* no j imiiij,' ntid 
fmm nil Surrey could luMir tin? «|Ui-*n "did 
(lint the could to cauae him »i> to do." Oii 
Albany's arrival. '2.0 Sept., Margaret r^- 
qiieatetl llie prnmispd refi];ii> in Enj^land, 
hut Sunvrand WolFpynRiveil that it would 
be bellPT mid Ii'«» costly to ktep tier in 
ScollMnd <i&, p. :M"»(. Her iix-acliLToun c«n- 
lidant, llie pnoniw of f'olilatn'iitn. n<|iflrltid 
that k)i» wui 'Ti(!br tirkU',' and that tha 
^ovi-rnor had dreudy 'aluiont niHdi- her k 
Kri-ncbwau)iiii.' Analb^r n>|torl aayH that 
* ainci' nine hriura lo-day 'b« ha^ l)i>en ainffiog 
and 'lani;iu;;,Hiidlbj>Frencbnion with hor (iS, 
p. .^[>i. Uiit lipr priralo opinion vns thnt 
ihe curcmor. ' wh» «iii snv iin<> Ibiii^ »itd 
think unothiT,' wniild be ' rif^lit «harp ' with 
her u-biMi till- 'iKwtin^' won dom' iih. p^i 
3ol ). Albany ditcov«n.>d (liui fhuwunooin-l 
pL'tely in the Hn^lith inttireal, niid Uio pas» 

she was boE to >ujr the tiig;ht. AtwUB was 
indaeed to aiffo « docuuenc imderiuing to 
esaae to intenere wiifa bor tanda (ib. pp. iA'2, 
3&>),Sl)U^. Btit Ilt>nry ni^plecied lu ei'cure 
an •fliMtiv«giinmrto>' fnrth^ piTformancPof 
thnn promiH'*. On 7 Mny )(Ar^rf>t Joiiiii) 
with nerai<tcr )lai^-andn-itb (JncunUatbt!- 
rin* in MTtng tbit Iivp^i of all hut nn^ of tbn 
■ppnaticea I'ond^mntd for tlti; riot* of 'Evil 
Mayd«y't»6. p, 2-'.J). On 18 Mav she U-fr 
London, re-enli?red Scotlandon l.^Junet^ras 
xxkt/t by Anj^s at Lam twrton Kirk, and made 
hArentruic« into I'ldinburj^b on the 17tK lM>. 

Albonr lind l>-fl Scotland on 8 Juno on a 
*-i»il to Iraiicc, but bad takrii offnctiv^ pro- 
can ti una I opivvfnt MaiTrnrotVrwviTiiijrtho 
regency. Jli;rduwerrcut» wcrvrctillwillibeld. 
•iMtti»wa» rcfiu>ed acctrwi tc hn kiuou eu4- 
picMB that E>he inlciidrd l» omviry hiiu (o 
Kngland [see under J^MSa V OP ScoTt.ixn]. 
Sh« boaia^vd the J^DKliiih cnutict] with com- 
plaint*. In the contact for power between 
Anguannd Arrnn.tbohcadof llK-IIamiltonf, 
ilwi^arrtal lint >idrd with lier husband. But 
Anffua broke hxx pniniitc n" to hiT juintiiiv 
lanOA. Arran took lit-r part, nod in October 
1618*bevrroie to Ilrnr^ hinting atadivorce 
^hrttert ftinl I'a/icr*, iii. Ifki). Ail),ii«. aim 
•■id, loTcd li'-r iioi, but alie iloca doI alliidn 
lo thn 'gcutiU'Womon of ])otif(lasdaill.'n'ith 
wbom, accordine to Lc«le>- (p. 11^], he waa 
now living. llcnr>' failed to arrt;>t licr 
breach trilh Angiw, and >Im- j»inc<l lltnrj-'a 
adveranrtcti in » n^iiie-it to Kraneia I for tbi? 
nsumof Albany, watch ff It intoli<-rbrnihir'« 
hands (Ztelter* and Piipfrrn. ii. 4A47, iii. !l~!t, 
306). Taxed willi it by WoIm* she picnded 
{\4 Jnly IdKil bcr sore p1it;hl and thcprm- 
sunt af thr lords i.ib. iii. 'S7'A. 381). She hnd 
BOW acct-M to her son (lA, P*i9). Hut luat 
yvaralw obc« morv riiangiw] aide*. Aniiiia 
DOt pnaiii Minn of Rdinbtirgli by ihn fray of 
Cteanw-th«^^'atiM-way, on SO Ajirit 1520 

5f.»LET, p. 11.'. tul cf. CiREEX, p. .^UO), and 
fenry in Au^'iisl »*nl Henry Chadworth. 
minister-general of the Kriara ObserrBiitw. 
Ao ctiids h«r for living apart from Angus In 
^adangvr of hersoid and rqkulation itnd 
Tiar r»pi>rtcri '(lupii-ious livinji.' and 
hvt ivtsinci lint inn {il'. p. 'J^2 : letter* 
ftnif Aijofr*. iii. 4()T, 4HI-2). At the «nine 
"~« Armn and hi* party wi^rc oppoftine her 
anpiion of (he v^eaay at the di-Nira of 
klbajty, whom Franciit had promised Heni^~ 
I ket^i in J""«nce (t*. iti. lo?). She ihere- 
r» joined Anriu in Edinbur^'h on Lo Oct. 
F<i*. Atfi. misdated). Hot befon' t* Feb. 
\!i'i\ ihity Imd ({nanvlW o^in, and Mar- 
^.•■•t rcjoinnl Arran'a party- According to 
tii« J>ouglaJ aeeount A* atolo from Ediu- 

litmnit of 18 Nov. wpunttefi her from hiT 
gon. If wrt inny birliiiw Slnr^iirrl, iilii' ri'- 
fiuuvl A p^vniiifln qf iiv« thoiisnnd 4MV')iriii< 
from Albntiy (ift, i>. 382). But u rumour 
that llennr was uromoling Iho Tc-tura of 
Ao^u to swinii to havi> Ui''d 
her to ont«T intA a bond whli Alboiiy by 
wlii«lt slip iiiidcrtflnk !'> pecogiiiw thf n&c- 
linmnntftry fltrnnpi^in^nt* frtr Jnm^A, nml to 
forwnivl his mrirringf with ft Krfiicli prin- 
(•(uu, Leiiif; awurftd of n n-aidpni^n in Fmnw 
fi>r hiirsoli' if ntct^s3«rv(i*. p. 3(fi). A c-opj 
fulling !Til<j the luiii'iB -uf tbo English slu- 
diBuvoweJ il, .-Uhauy, iJtcr faithi^ tu p;t 
Murpiret'^ prouiiao not to enler into nlliiiiico 
w-illi Knjjhinil, or ^ivrn to (;on!*nl to pence, 
l(-ft Scotlout] at tho cod of Nay 13^4, pto- 
mitio^ to reUini br 31 Aug. (i*. p. -STii), 
Afarnnit, eu]>])unvd In- Kcglund, though &li(! 
ODulu not get iK:rfi.-clly aaliftfuL'toiY assu- 
rttnctM on tliu euhitK.-< of Angus, whu IiikI ur- 
HvmJ ill Ktiglitiiu mi L't4 Jiiiif, rtirrit'd uiT 
JfttuHB, wiib Arran'ti helji, from Hiirlinjr to 
lirtiiiburgli (PR 'Ji! July 1W4. TUt step was 
popuUr, and parlinni'ont on liU Aug. n> 
cciveil witli favour her nroposnl to nbrciento 
Aihniij'is n-grtiry. in npite i>f tho oppoMtitm 
af [t<'ut{>ii mill tht; ni?hup of Alicniwp, 
wliiun shi- ciuil iiil" jiriwiii (i6. pp. Sflfi- 
3hi7!. Hilt slif ilirfw away llie fVuita of Iier 
iriuinph by hi-r iirhitran-fiuiplnyiuenlof the 
king's Kngliili guard now fornied, by cIom 
nlliaaecT with Arrun and "wanton otTcnee to 
Lcnnoi nnd other*, mid by her ov<'r-fnrciiir 
to Ilunrj' Sti'WJiTl, n yoiingrr lirothi-r 'if 
IjCkI Avcmdnh', wh" novf nim» to court as 
martiT-farvfT lo ih>! king, nod was thruHt 
by the i|iiei'Q into ihi> nlWcis of lifjiLteiian t of 
iho guanl and treaiurer li&. p. 3f*ti>. Hear- 
ing t hot Margaret and Arrnn were lentiing to 
a French nlliiuicp and lind nlii^atcid all clir 
lords, iipnty Nt liut allowrd Angiw to cttHW 
thii bonW (iiboiit -JH Oct. I52i). 

Tlio [larlinmvnt, wbii'hmHt on 14 Nov., ret- 
oogni^nd Mar^TiTrt as the chief coiiiieilloT of 
the yniing kui^, and imposed r«Btrictioii8 
upmi Angus, who, losing jial iivtice, broke 
into ICdinburph with fmir htindn-d mm im 
thn Tiiorning'if \\ iThiendny. 'Si Nov. Miir- 
Ifitn-t Ciivil tijiDii liiiii frinii llit> caitli*. and lit' 
rwiiri'd in 'riininllitii d*. p. i20). Dili hIio 
cnnliniied lo act with intpniilenee, and as 
bcr fldherciits would not: begin civil war ex- 
cept rnimd the yniing king, ihi*, on 21 Feb. 
iai^y, admitted Angui ialu tin- nigtincy, but 
next day WTott; lo Alliariy a« 'governor." to 
Fmnci*, ftud tn tha p-ipo urging her divorce 
from iho earl (I'i. p. l-iS). Finding the in- 
flui'riri' of Angus rapidly growing, "lie ppr- 
Bonnlly, and through the king, prvua'd him 
toconBeuCtondivoTco. Wlivthcir fcoiu vniit 

at endenCM or fnr of s coiinter-ehaT]^, the 
did itot Hceuw Angi]« of infidelity, bnt on 
tin* (li«p*Trtt*i pl<ia, liwt brouglii forward 
wirly in lH'JTi, tfmt Jamns TV had lived foF 
thrt>i> r^'nr* after Moddnn (tt. pp. 44.i, 4oO). 
.XfterPfivia, Hrnry,v.-}|i!.haJiiilorw|i*.idbcT 
lMt«rs !■> .\]b(iDV and Franeii, and no lotig«r 
ft-ari-d h«r joining tin? French jiarlyi Mat 
her'wich a lelt'-r as was nev*r written to 
any noble wouiau.' The jmtlianjenlof July, 
n-hii>h xliDi rvfu^ed to all«nd, allogiag f«AT 
of .^ngiit, practically deprived hor of nil au- 
thority, hut <in Hif rcm<m»lT«ncc of Jamts 
EavH her twenty days' grace. Thic wa», 
owe^-cr, of no avttil. Angus wn» now 
maetOT of thi? liing'a p«r«on and of tbe go- 
vamment. ilargarel orKsui*eil rKi^tiuice 
in tho north, but Augua foiled the jnncilou 
t]u' liiid plniinod for 17 Jan. l-0:.'t! at Lin- 
iilhfiiw with ,\rrnn nnd other opponenla of 
ihc I>uugluBL'9, and lUe n:trcat>:tl to llunil- 
tun M'illi .\rrun, whfi Hoiin made term! witli 
Angiia (*&. p. ■lo't'l. (In rcCKivingn.'^^urancnt 
of p'reonal freedom, Miirgnrcl rpjaiiied hrr 
»on in Edinburgh in Febniary, biii. wasaoon 
again moving Lua conncil against Angus for 
withhohlinp her rent*. Finding her inflti- 
taicti gon*;, »h<.' went C" Dnnl'ennhne. whcTo 
hIi« wim pri'wntly joined Ijy Ijftinox iind by 
Bratou, fnini whom Atigii.i had taken tho 
seals, .-^fti-r lli« fiuihirn of tw,i allrmpts to 
rescue .Tumips by foret' from th« conttruint 
Angus ijMt upon him. Margaret iindennok 
t(i be guided bv -Xngns. and to renounee the 
oiinjiuMy (if Itenrj' Stewart {Iifttfm and 
l'rti<er; \\. i't'-H. Angua on his side is 
said to have viiihdniwn bin opjxHiinon lo 
the divriree (fiBtES, p. 4fi2). 

Kin I'U Not. slie cam« to ihe iipening of tlie 
new parliiiiuenl, nnd soon regained her old 
influence over .lame*. lieatonwaa recalled to 
cnnTt,andnnewrt'voliili<inn7i9expected. lint 
her riijiient for i h« ri-Tiim of Henry JStewarr 
WAS refuted bv JaineM. imd »\u' n-tiiml in 
dudgeon to Siirliiii;, whiidi >h>- hud plnred 
in Stewart's h.tnda (Ltlfert auit lii/vn, \r. 
Ii777, 2it9:J>. She ivas now 'entlrelv ruled 
by the coTiiiM-l tifStownrl.' who. if not a 
innrried man, hiid only lately divorced his 
wife in till! hiiprt of marrying the (jui'di. At 
Inst, on II JMareh I-'il^. Alliiiny'ii I'lrorts to 
promote herdivorcfl vmn- cniwin-ii with »ui;* 
ciw*. and the L'untinal of .\nconn, app-iinied 
jiidgp by Element VIT. giive judgiuenl in 
her favour <-SI/ite I*apfT». Hrnet) t'lJl, iv. 
490). Owing to the dietiirbed Date of the 
contiueuc.Miirgantl did not heiir of the sen- 
tence un id l>fvt-m\fr (MaU/onii Cluf- Mi»- 
trthny, ii. 3f'7). Itwnsauim whimpered that 
«ht> had eontraclMl a tecrt-'l marriage with 
Steu*wt, and in .March 1538 she openly dft- 

Margaret Tudor 15s Margaret Tudor 

dand it (Letirrt nrnt FttjtfTn. iv. 41SI). 

NLoid £i«kia«, in ihf nutuu or ila' liiit^r. <tp- 

'peuvd bt'fore Stirling, nnd Stewart wiib 

simi up by Mai^an-t Hnd put inta i^nrd. 

Wolw'Twrot* in llenn-'fi tiHin-? to remind 

htT of ih*? ' (tirine orHinnnct' of insi'parnbli* 

Dutinmony jir«t iiD^itiitnl in pArndiu-,* [>m> 

taatiiU' *^n«t * t)i« oluirni-lnM nMiti^nrc i>i>nt 

ftOB Rini« ' (A. ir. 413U-I>. It wait pro* 

^. iMUviiaw tlutt Aoffiu fcpnmtt-d lv(.-r Irom 

*h«a«ujrhli'r(t;BEi;x. p. 171). Whi'uJamea 

thMV' is ibe tut';l«p! of AriffiiM iii Juni?, 

tod tb» «arl w«s driwu iiito Eii);iAtiil, Miir- 

gtn* and her husband became lii» cbi«f od- 

viun. I-Aiids and mvenuee were ('bowfrrtHl 

upon tltctn.ond JumrJt crvAtrd Stownrt I.ard 

Mclbwii, ond ometcr of the nrtilU-ry, ' for 

lJi« gTvat love bv bor« to bindvarc'l inotlicr.' 

Mur^ret, wbo -wt-ol cvmwb«re wttb Ler 

•oa, rvc«viBr«d poMcMJun of her Ettiivk 

^badsndSS) and entniatol (bt-m to Mvth- 

Twi. She aanceefutlv uMd ber iaflueDC« in 

fiirour «f « Inico with Eiittbnd, aad }\a^- 

nua reported h«r very favoumblc to t.h);pro> 

poa^ mnrriagr of .liimw witli tb<? PrinccM 

Alarr. Btit l>inl Willum Hnvrurdof KBing- 

liaia[(i. T.^wbonraftiH-iitto 8L-nlluud topro- 

BOle ihie tnalch in 1<V!I, wbtn Mary's fiuu- 

tion in HogUiid had Irroutt- ii ytry ilEilitaus 

I one^mot villi oponopporiiion from Mureni^t 

(rift.p.4'^1 : Stbicki^xd, p-J4^>. Sbcliow- 

cii-rr. bi'Iprd to bring eboiit the pincr with 

EnKbind cunclttdc^ on 1 1 JIiiv l^iAi i liamii- 

Uv Papen,i. 2,8; Fa^rra.xir. rOiH. Tliir 

nmpoa«l interriew Iwlwrvii Ilt'iiry ftiitl 

JiJamea, flrat suiDtealcd in ilie autuino, rc- 

} enred hirr warm tiiijiport, aud f\\e wrnn* to 

bcr brother and rnmiwdl on 12 Lhc, t)oni^- 

in^ that. ' by ndrioo of asnnd noniLcTliTing 

ppwoD,' 3amr* lind crnjcncd to thu mwllnn 

[Sfntr Paj-rn.v. '2, IS). Tbi" i>rrw|it-(-l of 

taUufC 1 |>rinri|al part in n splendid aih-c- 

UcW. aaa npimirintr liefori! ihu world uk 

iDMlialor belnitm hrr »oo and lier broiher, 

poirerfully appeabtl to Mar)raivt'a vanity, 

.and tboueh alrvady deeply in d«bt,ghe»p»iit 

rnaariy XOiOOIV. Srol» in pnepamtinii* for ibo 

Iiit«r\-irw. Wbi>n .Inmc* v\k jndurivl by 

thf Srollinb cl'TKT, wril nwnro tliiit lli-nry 

iDUndMl at tbi- um!tiii|[ to iiru>* a n-fonnii'- 

ttioQ in ScntUul ti|fiii bin ii<-]ilifH'.tiu|»nbiy 

lUa C0B*en>. Mar^»n<t allou-^^l her (!i8n|>- 

. to earry her to the k'Dslh of bc- 

, J hvreon'a Mctet intentiuns to ilenrt- 

fj(aft. V. 38). Thia conttifi to Jatnes'a carK 

finm natunllv connoelad by bim n^illi ihti 

pfia wbidi Hvnri', in n-ii|M>niiv tn bor impur- 

HUtity. liad n-cffllly cent. Iht, and hf ri>iiiidly 

ho-of lakm; bribes from Knglaiu'l 

brtray him (A. pp. 4I,4rt-'; Uamiltim 

Papm, pi. 31). She DCf^iged Henry to allow '• 

I liertoGoniaitiinEn^buid.'boingat 1]iamoat 

diaplettunt noiut sbu i-oul<J lie. m bu nlive,' 

' but vas tobl tliot ab* must jri'I bw aoa'a pou- 

s^nt I Sl/ilr Papm.v.'ji'ii Lffterstmd Paptrt, 

li-UI-lU), Sben-ttES^tirTitaTed by this reply 

biiitig conrcytHl tliriiu>fh Jiimce's innliafW- 

. (Ii>r, ( lltt'rboii rn'.', ibul nho wrotf n k'tlrr to 

C'rooiwclt. whirli lift r*il(r<l •intoWi,' and 

I (or which *Iin ftlicrwjiriis aptilogiM-d {!>ilatt 

I Ihif/ert, V. o6; Grees, p 4»S}, Her #Uf- 

I MMioo that ilunry ought to dpfmy t£u 

' l'^*«»>8 the l"in]pr wars bud ciwt her, and ber 

•rxModilure for ibi' abortiii- interview, was 

coldly iiad lirmly r«fueed (UtttU J\ti«rr», t. 

Xlarfcari'f appnani in n more a^rr^ablo Ughl 
a montli tutor (1;! Aug-.) in ht-r intciccMioa 
with bcr brother for ht-r daugbt'T, l^ndy 
Muffrarut iJouffhiB, vUo bad i'xcit<:d lud 
euKtiicivua uratli by a routrucl of imirTiagV 
Willi a yo»iiij;i'r broib« 'jf tht? Ihiln; <i( NiT- 
folk (('4. V. -JS). The Knplifb parliiuueul 
prvfcBsod tu bcUave tlint tboiv tvas u tchvma 
to raise l^dy Mart^arct and bi-r biitbund to 
tbi: throne if tbi- king died licirirai', and 
ibul in Lit hldy imijccttd vinil to England 
(Juit'en Alurgciivt Itad drtni^m-d ii tviinion 
with AuKtui.suaalovtrcniclhra the iiilt-n-ftn 
of lifT dnnplilcr hv ooiilinniujt Iwr IrRiti- 
Bincy (fim;i;?(, p. 491). On 20 Oct. and 
axaiu on 10 I'cli. 1S87 ahe beiu;od help of 
llmr%'lhn: ehc mit;ht not be disgrBccd be- 
fore tin! t\\u-i'n (Mngilah-n€) whom her sob^ 
wiia briiigiiii; hoiiir icitm Fraiic" (ItamiltQ 
J'aivrf, i. i^-i>; Si'itr /"ff/irM, \. tU\t. Sir 
llal[ib Hadbrr, wliu wns »i'nt to Scotland 
in January, heard a1 Ntiwcosilv u runiuiur 
thai Mnrsartt hnd Taken the \tril, whicb haj 
thouahl 'no goepcl.' Ho found ber 'coo* 
Teyrd ta much misery during licr son'* ab> 
arnce,' and ' vi?ry srilly >wed ' in I bo anit 
»ht- bad bniiijihl for a 'decision nf tim vi 
liditv of thn nialrimoriv brlwi»-n biTr and 
Melhren'uA, i. ."ciS), v. Ut. 7U). To licno* 
bis own frii'ndi oiil of h«r ri-iilD, but ht> 
*taHn\ lobave hnd children by Jant-iSlL-waitfJ 
d:iiighTt>r (>( i}if hjirl of Allioll. whom he 
iniirricdafti-r Mnrsnir<-t'fi(li.'fltb. <.)n>e of ihoM 
children wax ninitii-rof tlii> ci'kbralcd Karl 
of Gtiwri*, whii^li Iuik given tm' ti> tbi' ab- 
surd modern by piithr«iK tbut ll»< inotbnr of 
Knil tiowrii- waa rvallv diiuirlilpr of l.<ird 
.MKbvim and Ijuem Sf'irptr^l Kilti:):!l, riil 
4St;J-1 : but cf. i.W/. M,„,. &,/i//. SMtiOf^ 
irtl(\-m. No*. 11*4-5. 63fl-ll, l.V«). 

JIarpuwt Ft^indcd .Sruilor's )-«port by a 
Vtlw to her brtithnr dnteil (* \larcb. cyxn- 
plainiug that. ibt> Bixlvip of til. Andr 
though bcT COM xraa praroJ by 'twvntjr 

Margaret Tudor 156 Margaret Tudor 

iofiVoent proves,' aod ur^ui(F bur deaire lo 
be me of llrtliven, ' who is but a aobaro 
Stan,' before the return of bar son and hU 
voanj; vritv { llamiU'm i'nperg, i. 12). Sad- 
W WHS ilespnlphcil to Uniipn to tvmor»lnite 
vrilh Jiimi's, whn, iia Mniynrv't luMttrncl To 
itifrii-Tii liLT brtitltiT, iiistrm'tcd 'hi* I.firtli*' 
t« do her jusci«(- with itipcdttion (Stale 
Paper*, v. 70. 74^ SUt> imijlorod Norfolk 
not to mtike trnr upon I^cotiand until she 
ms Baf«tv divorc^. tind assured him that 
nothing eriould pii«>« in Scotlnml \r\\\fh elie 
would r\ttt commiinicjilo In |{(<iir}' (lA. v. 
75). On 7 Juno, nfttr Jftnir«'j! ivlum, ahf: 
wrote to Ilimrv to notifv him tluit. Lit di- 
vorce was Bt tli« gii'ing' *f ai?iilenpe (ift. v. 
90). It w'i» tbeiv-'fort- wIlU hiitvr dU-a])- 
pciiutiut^iil lliiit ^lip li.-^d >«ooii after to itiform 
her brother tbal Janice hud etojipud licrftiiit 
whtn tho »ciit«tici.' wn^i »lready wri Uru out, 
ilnd provtid W lortv f/iiiiniiiiprov<-r«,nltliounh 
ehi; find boiiglit \ns promiau lo let it Co oil, 
Slif dfclfir«# thiit Mvthvcn luid offcri-d him 
a. Iii^hcr bribir I'roui her luud» (i''''' *'. tO^t). 
Bui perhups Jumcg'^ proct^duij; admits of u 
niiliii'tciilly dbvioiiN und uvave vtudilublu b-\- 
idunulioii. Hht- uiteiupti'dlostL-al into Ivn^- 
Uiiid, hut wfl» ovcrlaktu withiu five miles of 
iho hordir aud convpjcd to JJimdcL'tr Lord 
>ruxwoll, wlm txproflocd im opiiiimi tiiat idl 
thiiics would no widl hrtwriiM thf rtinlis" if 
nhi? did mil miiki' a \)tvne\i (t&. v, l(MtV Ac- 
uiirdinK tu hi^r nwn nccoutii, .Mtabvco hud 
ptTMUHilcd .IniiifH that feliB bad inlouded to 
rii?<iiicdt' berst'lf with Aiiffua becniise eho 
went to her Unds in JCtlricu. Ik' will only 
allow \\':t to rlopnrt ■ bed mid bwrd ' from 
Mtlhvcn, and noi ■soinplwylwr.' Shiicom- 
pUitia llint »!■<! hnn nnuf <ir brrdiiwermliuxa 
to live in, iind tnlkn of n clinatKr. Hi^nry is 
uqied, xinCH abi' '» now liia only HtBter, lo 
l&kt strnnK iiie»Bures in her hehnlf; she is 
HOW ' fourlT jetira and nint.' and wiihes casu 
and rest rather then tn he obligwl to follow 
her son about lilic ii ponr gcntlcivdniiiu as 
ftltc hii* diiiU' for Iwi^nfv wei-kx pnst (Ij>'lt<-ni 
of 13 mid Iti N.iv., (A. i! .">*!. V. ILj; H<imit- 
tvn I'li/ii-m. i. JiWil ). Rut this mood was 
traiuiiMit. Sbt cordi ally welcomed Mury of 
tjorraiiie in Juno MtHS, hcvkmg to Itnpn-N.t 
her by prvl^ndiiiir to huiv bnd recent klturs 
from Jlenry {iSfnfr I'nprrx. v, lL'7, [:ii"H. 
The yming' ijiimn h'ittij" Id liavii dontht'd 
Marearel'* imirhid Tiinily, iind liy the lie- 
irinning' of l-'i^iW sbf wa* reconciled with 
Sfi'tlircii (rt. jj. I'll: GHEBX.p.iWO). Nor- 
folk roijcrlcd to Ilenrr that ' the yontiE 
Hiifoii WHS ull papist, and tlip n|i| (jui-cn mil 
mueh leM* {ib.) Hut in iri41 ilic wan ntiiaiii 
plaguinp Henry willi hiT niuiit-y ironUc*: 
and although hV wbi puctlod by the coiiini- 

difllorj" rfiport* of liMlreaiment heTeeeiv»d, 
lie gavo game ear lo hit complaints, as he 
required a bbv upon the Scottish war pre- 
parations {MfinitJfan- i'aprr*, i. iH>-.'>, 75). 
Un 1 MarHi 1->11 xhe pfi>lorr«>d n ciiriou* ro- 
nnvjil lo Himry rin bi-hnlfof a btViiing friiir 
from PiilL>(lin<t (TiiuKrn, (hi. nf Itar-uxuxnU 
tflalini/ to Smilatiti, i. 40). On 12 UatiUib 
infortnod lli'iiry ffntii StiflLnfrof the death 
of the tm,-o young princaa, and Umt she nerer 
left the be'reavi'd parents {Stutf i'apftt, r. 
188), At the end of that month Menry's 
ni»t«cn|;^r, Kav, tr(i« in ai'civt commnnieft- 
tionwitli licr M iit\r]it\g ^ Ilaitiitfoii I'aftrr*,'*. 
7ii). SliO WAii ai'iiri'd wiih puUv at Mi-tliven 
Cjulli' iin FridAV, U Oct.. nnd flnding hvr- 
"clf afiwirig worse [ti;nt for Jiiuiivi from 
Fidklnnd I'libici-, but be did nut arrive iti 
tiuio to et'e htr alivt^, She is snid \'> b«ve 
'estreiuidy Ininpotwd and nskml Uod inurcy 
tbulsbf badoHondt^d unto tlio Karl of Aogiu 
[la »1ie had dono.' but tliii rests upun iho n> 
porlof lIonrj-'snieJS'cngCT, Hnyi*/fi/fi'>r/>rr». 
V. 19't 4). 8hc wit:! nnnblu to muki- a willf 
hut d(»ircd that Ludy .Mur^'urcrt aliould iu- 
lirrit bcir ^luds, Ivuy veua inloruiL-d Ihat sli« 
liud no mi>cc tliun ^,6UU mark* Acott at her 
duoth (I'A.) Sho died «n Tuesday, 18 Oct., 
ftged noariy fifty-lhrci^ i C/n'anicir of Prrth, 
^laiilandClub, Trciwurrr'ji Accounts for 
October l-Vll.iiuoted by fiREE:*. p. W| ; tho 
Diuriinl of Oifurrrnl', lliinntttyiit! Cluh ml^ 

IiIai^.-> her ili-iith un iA Nov.) Jainea huriml 
n-r pplcHdidly in ilievmdt of James I in the 
<'Hrl:liu&ia.u ehnrclt of i^t. John ni F'crth 
{l.Esi,KT, p. I'l"). Methven, by wliom nbo 
iuid no otrnpring, tli<iiij2;b tbc conlmry has 
been iiwerced, luirvivvd hf-r .tiinii' ycnm. 

MiirKHO'l had, in tlic nk-nnU uf un old 
S<-o(ti>li wriirr, a, 'Hreiti, Twant- of her 
briitlier'a T«nipi?r.' ImpL-tiious, capricious, 
filutJly ardent nnd f1ckK-in lierattachmunts, 
un!tcnipulou»ly selfish, Tain of power and 
show, and not willinut somelhinpof nemry'a 
robustness iind nliHily, ihe likfmwt ia not 
merely fnncifiil- f?ln' liKinicd m-ithfrlo tho 
voJc» of iiidiry ncir of mal>-riiul alTeclion 
whfin panMion imindlwl her. Vet xhe showed 
a real afft-elion even for tlie ilnught« at 
■n-bom shehnd seen »>ilittlc.fliid Jnmcs loiTil 
nnd rnisted Let until she shnfiin^fidly nbiwed 
his enntideiii-e, II wii> n bnrd gvnrl thni f\wi 
biidl')pliijin?>cii(lnnd, di«lnirli'd by intrnilil 
liirbnli-ni^i! niid thiiiulrij^nipsof Hfury VHI. 
but file played it loo ofieii willioiit dignity. 
ciiiiaiiitcnry, or moderation, It wns not iin- 
natwral that in thu miiu^mble conflict of 
J''rtneli niuL I'^npli'ih intliirnco shw should 
rnrig» lir-ni'lf on llio kiiln nf brr hnilhrr; 
bnl. nntbinir can jnniiry tiincoId-bUHidviliiena 
with wkich alio urj[vd him lo dentroy Scot- 

tub iliip* niul ^ouinh lioniM, nnd the 
tnscbvfj wicli wliich *U<! V'trnved h>»r own 
•on'* COiuofU to lii» <-ii«iny. I^er ludtiven. 
U», were tliomuKhly Aeli?«l), for wbeii bur 
Oim uiter«3tB dictalM it she threw ovtr her 
bcotber without scruple. Nor rsii we Iibto 
any rami s)nn|iathy with thp ignolil? privnia 
arucMtiea wtiic.h tlw cnirii^l to lier crnvo. 
It wo nkv rmlil Onvin iKiiigliii, Mnrpirt-t 
ill lier jr«)utb wiu UhiuImuiui-, with a bright, 
oomplexion kml ahumUut ^Id^ii hair. But 
liolbein** portrait ivpreA«Dts her with rather 
bsnh fenlurps. iii miildle iifrn she gren* 
•tout KDd fall-fncnl. [Icr portnitt wns frp- 
quentlr Mintnl. Thrm is n well-known 
raw of Mai]pr«t and hi«r Iwii bnittim by 
Bllbiwt, about nan, ill lUii cliinn rlowt at 
AVrndHir, enured a* vifiiiriitt on tlu' lille- 
V*^ nf ToL IT. nf 3lri. Gnx-u'n ' I'Hiii'esaea.' 
Muumr paiDled on* for jirc^-ntnlion to 
JuDf* in IfiCK!. A portrnii by 1 lolbmii. in 
Che ponfvariion or ih>- Miir>]iii« nf Loihtni). 
u Hiiirr«TKl a» a r?i>ntifpi(.'CL> in the siiinc 
TOlumi*. AnolhiT ts rai'iitiomv] nit in ihn 
poiwwi<»ii of ibo KapU of Pi-ui lir«]i>^ at 
NVillon Hniui>. Small (flAVis IJornns, 
VTorkit, vol. i. ti. xci) i^vim a nprsduttion 
of an intjrriMlinp portnit of .\lbiuiy and 
Blaifcajet, belon;pD^ to thi? Marnuis of Ltiitc, 
paiDled, lip thinks, nt th4> ^i^rind whim thi?y 
wen repToachrd with h(^ma OTi>r^t0nd*r. 
Thm U a portmit at Qumhi * OoIU-m, Ox- 
ford; another, buIoDging to CfanrlMt ButW, 
eaq., i* dMCribcd in iliii «alalo^uo of th« 
Todor ElKikition (p. So); and a third is »n- 
cnven hy O. Vnlili in I.arrey's ']!iBfoir>? 
3'Angl«t0rru ' (UltoHtcr, Oat. '•>/ Knjrttr*-t 
Pbrtrtiit*, p. 7). 

[Mna of thv antboritiM naad burn hvon men- 
twaoit in tlie it-KL. Hmb StricUaud'i lift \» 
Uaceuiate and n liula maliHoiu. Tb» Life Ijr 
Knii Orwn ■■ catraorslinnnly thorough and wv- 
lU. Tkft ncontljr pnhluhvd UaniTtaD I^pen 
bar* tLrQwa tumt u*w light on tlia «tib)»r1. 
MaigaMC was a pralilio oorrMpooilFnt, an'T h«r 
leltfrawill 1>r foQod ia firaat Damlien (n Lhr 
Aaio rapnn. Mn. nraen'ii t/fUwn of llnyal 
£«diM. T«nlet'K InTmsairo Chmnolofpqiie and 
PKptMB d'Eut. HUiVi ]Ibtorlca] Letur^ and 
t^ Haniltoa Fiip«ni. LnlsT in quoted in the 
Bumomte dub odittan, nnd PoljdQre Vcrjcil 
ia tha Baalc «dilMD of lfi70>] J. T-t. 


ilBM-LH75), imvL'Iler, thiid son ot tieary 
oihok Haniry, mBJoi^rawral R.E., was 
bora at Belgaum, iu toe Bombay prc<.i- 
dimry, i!6 May 1^9. Hi; was siioci-Mivi'ly 
e<Iucat«d !n France, at North HValotiam 
cmiitnu' Khoul, and at. Uniroraiiy Golt«^. 
TiODdoa. Havinft n«ri\'Ml a nomlnntioa 
£rom kia relatlre, Austen Henry Layard, he 

Mudieil Cliinr«e xivi^n haiin a day, poaaed 
a compeiiiivi? uxamiiiatiou before the citU 
Mrrvice<;o[nmUi»ionifrs,obtAiDed an honorary 
ccrliticat?, and was appointed n student in- 
Irrpralcr on th<? Chinese consular cstablish- 
im-ni 2 Fob. li^Cff. In the fallnwing month 
li« wi^nt to China, and on \f< Nov. I(*fl9 
uiwi Ui hi- II tliird-clji»» n«»i*iBnl. Tliewlrur 
lUfttuI of thi! Kyynl Ilijmiini> Aidfty wa* 
awarded to hiiu lli July If'Ti foriMtvinK ih* 
Utl's of atrrfal men who wore wrecked 
during d typhoon in the island of I'ormosa, 

9 AuB. isn.ondhe also received the Albert 
nw-dnlof the first cIom 3H Oct. 11*72. Till 
Itt'O hi> wan nttachi-d to ihf U<^tion at 
Pt^hin, wlimi h« wiiH kmiiI la (h» ii>land of 
Formosa, nnd ihifm took ohurpi' of tin; con- 
sulate during tw«dve luonllut. lilt wan uiadi> 
a second-class nasUlant 7 Dec, \'*72, was 
acting iDler|ireler at ^hiin;{hai 10 Oel. to 
l:i Nov. 1873, and interpreter nt Chefoo 
1'4 Nov. 1H73 to SI April 1*74. In ;\ufnut 
hi- n'Rinvjid itulrticti'int frfim Fi-kin lo pi^>- 
wwl thmiiuli ihi- titjuih-wcsii'in pnivinww of 
China tn thu fr>»niii'r of Vnmiun, tn swiiic 
Colonel llnraco Btownt, whu had been w-.nt 
by (he Indian |fovemm<^nt «n a miMion into 
Viinnan, from the Bunue*^ aide, inihehopoa 
of owninp up a trade with Wt^em China. 
To tliin niiutiini .Mnrparv was to act as in- 
W-rpfdOT and guide thfoiigh China. On 
4 Sept. iFt'J h(> )'>ft Ilanlcowoii an over- 
land jonnt-y to Vandalny. Piusinf; lli« 
Tunc-tinp liiJce on thi- Vaiig-tw In- a>«cnded 
the Yuen river tUraiigh HoMian, and tra- 
velled by Inndlbmii^h Kwirichuw and Van- 
nan, nnd on 17 Jan. ]87>'> joined Culonvl 
llrownc at llhamt*. lie wns thu first Kntf- 
lishmon wli» hod traTofwti this rout«. On 

10 Ffb. 11^76 he wfts acnt forward to eiirvey 
and ri^rt on thu rtMd from llunnuh to 
Weat«m China, but on 21 IVb. hv wiu 
treoeberoualy murdered nt Matiwuiu oa tbc 

[ThnJonrneyofA. R. MarpipyfyaiaSbanghnila 
BnauA. and luiclciit Hunitvni'. ISTA, hin^ nrn- 
face. pp.i-xxi. vilh portnlf; J, AndMwiD'slxan- 
dahiy to Unmirn. iHiU. pp, 361-449 : Uotilscr's 
Uinorr of Cldna, Idtll, iit. *IJ-33; Ftirein 
Offlca List. January 187^ p. 14(1, July 187« 
p. lllSiTimii^O, 22,aaA 26 April 187fii XduiU-. 
London Ntiwa, 1876, Ixvi. 333-4. S61-S. with 
poTtntit; OMphi«. 187A. xi. IttS, vilb portrait.) 

O. C. B. 

MARQETSON, JAMES (16«<Kie78), 
aTchbi»liop of Armairh. born in IllOO, was a 
nalivoof Drichlinijtonia Vorkahir*. Hvwaa 
nlucalcd at Potfiliouse, Cambrtd^, and n^ 
turned aA<rr ordination to hia own county, 
wh«r« hi- at tradwl the notice of Wtnt worth, 
Iheti lord prvaideot of the iionh,wbo tooli him 




asrttnplnin tn IrolRnil in 1tS!l!l. Ho wtui niiltli> 
dwiti i>r Wntorrnn! Iiy puliiiii, -'■") >[«.v WMi, 
(mil in Oi^tnhi-T wn« pfi'*fiiit<sil by iha crown 
tn till' fv(-iorv of Aruiiifl-h in Cavun, as ' one 
ofth<'fthonci-ilor'i<'li!i])l(iiiiB'(/-rt. -WMrtflfum. 
pt. V.) Jl* re»ii?nwl Armagh in I6S7, nnrl 
m ttint yenr btcanic rector of ISalloon ur 
Dariry in Monaalinii (Siiiiir.rY.p. ;{:iK),pr(v- 
bpisdftrv fif tl»i> ITrily Trinit.v in Nt. I-'inbat'i^ 
Cork, niu! ili'iui "f Di-rrv. Wbllo >Inr)^t«on 
hold this fli-HTHTy, fiOC/. wfti p-rfliittnl by lli» 
crown to proviili; liulla i'r>r liisi coflicilrol; snd 
Lniicl wimNt Id Stmflbnl ou 10 S^-pt. 1038, 
' Oul 1 uni of tlie li^^uriinf of Loiiijonderrj 
belK but 1 atii clad tlu-y ari> thero,' In 
DwyiiiU-'i" 16-'M' Marypfsfiii w«« ninili} di'ftii 
of Christ t'hurcb, I'liblin. No ncir denn of 
Doiry wttfi appointed until iift'tr llip Itcstorit- 
tiflti. It ftppi'iirs frnm lln- cotrcsponiltiiioi' 
bctwwn Knud and Btralt'ord tlint iLl' luUtir 
iliU'ti'l':d to rt-'hrtore Uk' ttlinual ruinwus tilling 
dral of Ohrlsl Cburub, Ijtit tlmi. Im found 
nuilliir tiiiiti ni>f money, MirKfieon waa 
prcilcKiitorof the lower house of convocation 
In Ifiyi*. 

When tbc rebellion of ltt41 brolicont, Mar- 
getson, liimaclf diBirtv>«i?dl from tlii? fnilitio 
of income, was yet bii»y in lii.-liiinn those 
wlio-v Ttrfii van Blill jfroairr. Jii Auyiwl 
1 flJO In- itiftnfd I 111- ilodimoiil. in wUi(;li ekven 
l)is!ni[>« mid seventy-WTen other <-Ier(fji»en 
coiiKfuiuIated Ormonde upon the conciuaion 
of penci', and tliankod nim fir his i^fTorts 
in thnir behnlf. ' with nut whicJi miinT of 
119 Uml iindniibtodi? slJirvcd ' (C*RrR, Tet- 
ter 471 ). A yiiar luti-r niilitiii wiut in tlwi 
hand* of till! iiarliauifiit, and tlic AnKlimn 
clpTfry wcir iniili'd lo iis"' tlin diri'Clory In- 
iii*nd iif 1I1H Book of CV.mraon Prayfp. One 
binlitip and seventeen clerBymen. of whnm 
Mar^et<ioa was one. nitrnedlhe dipnified and 
■pirited answer in which tbey nefiiwd to 
hold thoir dmrclies on these term* (Mjuot, 
bk. ii. clifip. iii.> 

Ormonde I"fl Irwland 2W Ang. 1&17, and 
Margulo'in flixl C« Kti^laiid nlH-int the. tanav 
timi-. H« niiirt-red imprisonmi-ni ill Man- 
eheslor and elsewliere, bm wna afierwarda 
allowed to live in London tinmolosted, but 
verynoor. llewa? employed hylhewenlthier 
csvoli^rs to diejien^P their iilmH nmong di*- 
tieaeed loyalistf in I-'rulnnd nnil Wiil^K.amJ 
William Oliapix'tl ['J-v.l, hirfinp of Cort, 
Milton** "Id litldr, iu kiuiI (o hiivi- btiiin ev~ 
UfiTf'l by liiin. 

reviiwl. On So Jan. 1G60-1 he was made 
archfcifthop of Dublin by patent, and wna 
allowi^d to hold hi« old livinf? of (Inlloon. 
hiK Crtk iirebend. and the iTWomtnti'hip of 
Si. I'atricic'a, Dublin, along with tlio uah- 

biohoprie. HovrMcongerrMediiiSLPatri«lrt 
two dnya Int-p, ainttf; with Mei,i'n otbor 
bis}iopB-(>l4>ct, certainly <inf> of llic invst ioi- 
piisinff ceremttnif-s of thi* Wind on rvi»rd 
(ift, blc. ii. ohnp. ir.) Hp vriu also mado a 
]irivy tmnncillor. In ]Ulj2 and UMW lie Isl 
i>n l.-a«» for rwvnty-one v«a» lii* Cork pro- 

purtv tCArLPtBT,!))- 

.\fBrpttj;on was Imn«Iated lo Armiwb La 
1863, wliftw ho «iii-rr«ded UnmlioU, yrlto is 
&aid to havA rcpi)Mm>'nd4til himonhiitdistb- 
bed lo Onuondf oe the lit lest, man for the 

Eriinacy, llarri* tlirow» dwiibt* on tbi^fttory, 
ut perhaps (,'"><■ udtfsaly (Maxi, ch^. ix. 
»<ic. 11.) In 1WIJ7 bo euccccdud Jr-rway Taylw 
ai vioivchftnce! lor of Dublin Untvcrxity, and 
n.-mnia>cdinolIic« tillbiidi-nlh; biitarjuluai- 
cal dutios, though porforued witli care and 
BUfXn, did not prevent him from »tt«-ndiiic 
to hU own dioccsR. Armagh CnibL-dnil bad 
heon burned by BJr Phclim O'Neill in liM2, 
and UarjfelKin livtal to m-c; it n;builL, Tbe 
■ubsrriptiona fulUnii; far vhort of what was 
wanted, he made up thi; deficit liintMlf 
lie alfto founded n free schfiol at I>ti|£bHn^ 
ton, biN native place. Margetstm alwayiiv 
ftiBiMl lo inv-cit, cTcn on the most lemplias 
li-nac, in any land which hod ever bclnu;^ 
to thechtirch- Hli gonorodty wosat all tJniM 
remarkable, mid lie •ouabt'no nroilii for it 
In the same mnilasi «pint Iw I«']it Inx ^n>at 
lenrninR in the backjK round. In tlif winl«r 
of 167" ho became disabled by olntlnate 
jaundice, but ncvcrtlule*'* insimed ou rim- 
iminiciittng iinblicly in ibo jbllowinir May. 
He died in Duhlin, Sfi Aug, 1(17^, after en- 
during ^'at painwilh rtrmHrkablopalieaoe, 
and wAfl buried witliln tbe altur^nula of 
Clirisl; Church. lli» charity and vKi>mplary 
lift- bed won him auch ruputntiiui that all 
fovlt and condiliona of mon reaorted lo bis 
dejtthbi^d Ut receive his last ble8ai]i([. At bis 
funeral Dr. PaMuer snobe of hia oonolltalon 
attitnde townrda UMolo^cal opponent*. 1^ 
was recertfucwd and b«lor«d by bis ck'rBy,lo 
wboni he wan both kind and strict, ancl he 
could scarcely blame onn of them without 
weeping. ' for the vicea of tho elnrgy touched 
his very heart-atriogB,' 

Miirgxlson's eldest son. Johii,wa«kilt<4at 
the xii'go of l.itnerick, bein^ thon a mnjar in 
WDIiamV army, leaving a danrbter, Sarab, 
from wtinm t.lii> rnrU of Bew^wroufch and 
MounleAKhel are di-ufcndi-d. Tho Karl of 
Chflrlemonl i» <if>Bt>i)niii'd from Anno Marjfet- 
eoo, the primale'-i only djiu^btor. 

[Wire's Hinhopn. eJ. Hnrri»; Fanoml SmaoD. 
prtMvdied in Christ Clinrch, DiiMia, 30 Aug. 
icrs. by H-nry fJonw], Lord IKsJlop of Mmih. 
trlifTQunlo it addajiha FuiMml Oimtion ([.aliu) 
pmcliad at tbo llMina by W. PoUiacr. O.P.. n 





Vk»-diftiK«llor (ff tha UiiinnilT oi Dubliu, Loo- 
doa, 167V; libcx Uunerwn PuMic-mia Hil>«r- 
niK. re). li. ; 0>(loa'»Fiut) Ecclniw Hil>*rnicwi 
ShirUj* Ilirt.of3CoutgkMi: SlmllaFiliL»tt«» 
uiilPv>jvticlM«; Carle's Ormonrlo: Maaaa'* Ui«t. 
of 8t. Pairick'i CfUhedral: Canlflflir* Anoalii 
of Si, fin Bam'ji Cathedml: JUai'* Hist, of 
thaObarehnif Ireliuid; tlI(iAn'aArniiv;li; Lodge'* 
Poora^. b^ Arthdnll.] R. B-t. 

' MAROOLI0nTH.>rn^J-^(lPi»0-l*-i), 
PoUni], OB 3 Dec. \fi-20. Hv wm iimnictL-d 
At Prvemil, Onxlno, and Kalwnryn in tal- 
miultc &D1I rabbinical leaminc;. outl al^<* lie- 

aaircdRuseiknanilGirmsii. In AiiguM l>f>A7, 
urin^ a visit to Liverpool, hr was iiiiluci-d 
to Mrpfullf 'ludy tbe li'.-Ijn-w N"w Tmii*- 
ment, witb thu remit ihnt 011 1.1 Aiiril IK3d 
he mui tapiittd ■ mttuWr at tliv cliiiicli of 
Engtaad. For a lime he nbiaiii«<) a tii'^UIuMd 
tnr|:iTii^1cM0iu in n«brew, but in Jaiiuarr 
ikw be eBtewrf Trinity College. Dublin, to 
pre[«r« for ordination. and durine the vrcb- 
tions!^riidiedBlthen>!br«wColle^, I/indon. 
man. and Knplish nl lb? LivpqkHd InHtitii- 
tionfor ini|ninn;; Jnur*. On.lOJiiuii 1S44 ha 
wa* oriinini''l la ilimirary of Si. Au|nt«il in«>, 
LiTvrptnl. Hirei- nmnthH latiT tbe Itiahop 
of KildaN obuiiietl (or Itim the inciimboniry 
oCOUmmn, twMtr Dublin. tTid niadi> him lii^ 
exuniniog chnplain. Tbo parish Ix-inp 'mnll, 
Hugntioiith liad much leimro fir literary 
pnaaits. lie AtarlM a Mebrew Chri>.(i«n 
■MMithlr maiTutinp. trntitlerl 'Thv Star ')f 
Jacob,' which exInndiNd to «ix numlivn 
(JaB«arT-.)iin« If^l"), ond triod I0 tntn- 
Ut«li n I'lido-Ufhraii" Jvwii ty for piromntinfi 
lbi:<irtudyof Hebrew iittrftmn.'. and for k- 
priDttas iearc« Ii<bn>w worbfi. He enb- 
Pcqneotlj M-rvL-d ciiracieii at Tmnrnere, 
Cb«al>ire; Si. Bartholoniew, SslfonI: Wr- 
lKiaWrT,C'h«*Uin'(1853-5); St. Pnul, Ilaif- 
Itentont Loodon; Wyton, lluminifdaiiahircj 
Uiid Si. Paul. Outlow Squarv, London. 
An<m)r bis own people lie wo^ un indo- 
fctttttblo worker. In 1^7 In,' vi»itt>d ilio 
Holy' LaikI, atul un l>ii> n.-tuni poMinbed au 
iDt«rv»tliig' accouDl of bis waiidvriiijpi. Dur- 
ing bin tra^-ela be made tbe aci|uainl»nt« of 
many ci-lebraled men, udobc "whom wan 
Koader. Ucodebsobu }Iartholdy, and Mm- 
' lolklici. In 1877 he vat pn?«!iited to (ho 
' TinneeofUtllrLii]rord.Duck!ni:haiDi>biTv. 
HediM in London on ^•'i Feb. I^^I.aml was 
•knriedii) Little I. infitnlchnrchyord. Tnlt^'17 
, In acvrptnl ihr l'b.T>. drRrro of ^>tani^>'n. 
Marital tout b'li cliinf irnrkfl nr<r : 1. ''Hie 
Piut^anental Prindplea at Modem Judaism 
falVCM^mUd.'dTO,I<ondoa. l@4a 2. 'AnEx- 
posillon of tbe Fifly-thml Cbaplcr of laoUb,' 

8vo, London, ISMOaad 11*56. a. 'Ariltrxini- 
»Ktt In till,' l^nd of IDT Fathers,' 1' vula. 8vo, 
London, I^^fifl. 4. 'Tbt- llutcrjrof the Jews 
intlrt!aiHriiuiii,'f^voIn. 12mo. London. 1B5L 
■i, ' GenuiiiD liciwnlfliic and itfi EITect«: ui 
Exposition of tliti l-'ounerath Chuptur of] 
nww,'8To.l,ondoii.]&54. 6. 'TlioAnglf^l 
Hebrews, llicir Past Wtrjnjpt and Pr«!u;nC 
(iriivnnciv',' Hvp. London, IS.'ift 7. ' Tli« 
Ciintl"-sof nii-cr»lnlc: Itccol loci ions in the 
I.ifei of a OloTC^'ninn,' 3 vnlg. evo. Lrindoo^ 
1800. 8. ''n..O;nd.)frV-Uw,beingnpp».i 
liiuinarj EiauiiTiatiim of iliu " RivJtis nnil 
lIeview8."'8Yo.Loftdon, IfltJI. &.'Abjii«ni«. 
its Pftsl, Pieaeiit, and probatilv Fiituri',' fvo, 
l^^nidon, 1866. 10. 'Vwligeii of ibeHutoric 
.\n)ilo-Ili»bTewsinEBatAn|ilii>.'8vo, London, 
\»T0. II. 'Th^Poetryof Ibe Hebrew Pen- 
talKUch,' 8vo,Ixindon,lttTI. 12. 'The Lord's 
Praver no adaptation of i.oit'linir Jvwish 
PtiLitloos, e.TplaiiiM bv th« liglic o^ tlu< Day 
of the Lord,' 8v«, l.otitloti. ]«-«. IS. 'Sonie 
Trinmphfl and I'rophies of tbe Llglil of tba 
World.' Mro, London, 1883. By IKW b* 
hail completed, but apparently did not pul^l 
liKli, u H»bn*wlranHlationof IfaeNewTeoto* 
menl (A'cIm and Qurrip*^ 1st aer. \*iii. 196), 
In l>4"3 Iw prajiM-tiid a ijMart«rlv ptiriudiotl ' 
cHllod ' The HoWww ChriKlian Witm-«S and 
Prophetic InTeMJ^tor,' which bi> «ialiuu«d-^ 
(with the exception of one >-ear, when lb* I 
mn^zine was in abeyance) until tfic end oTj 
1877. To the early voUiiobs of ' Not«8 aadj 
onJetiriib lii«toryandanti<iuitiML A portmit 
of Uargoliout h it pro HkmI to bia ■ Pilffrinueo,' 

[Autobiagrapby bcfor* Hodero Jadaiam; 
!k[riii<iir prrflacd 10 ^me Triumph* ; Gnnrdinn, 
9 Miircli IflSl. p. 31* : Crnekford's Cirricil l»i- 
rectorv for 18SU ; JacoLa sad WulTs BtbL Aa^l. 
Jud. p. I3B; Jowivh World,* March iSSI.) 

G. a. 

MARHAM. RALPH (Jl. 1^0). his- 
loriau, wai n ficholar nl Cambridtp.*, where 
he giudwued U.D. He became an Austin 
friar at Kiiir's Lynn, and eventually roMMj 
be prior of bin tion»», in which copncitr h*i 
aporora in 13:fSand Ll)^. I[i> wruto'Manfr-1 
jmliu Chroeimniin,' iiu-. ' Fmtribiu nli^^ 
gioiiia oiiiino.' Thi« work i> a hictoiy is 
■aTOuboolui. rrouilb'Craitiou tulhiiwnlur'i 
own limei T!w first letters of ibf apeDinf 
words qwU, • Frater Radulphua Marliain?^ 
Th^re is a iiopT of it in the Uibliotb^u« I 
Nationale at Paris (cf. OfsixutK). Some] 
sennone are alM OHribed to him. 

[lUe. ri. A9:TaniHr'aliib]«: 
i^iDfier'a ItibliotbMn AwruiliaioDa, a. Md ; 
BbmeAold'a yorioUc, riii. «»£.] CLE. 

Marianus Scotus 


Ma rise hat 

chronioler, w&a n natjvo of IivlAnil, ns \i\» 
M«ond naiaa donol'"!, iin<l ivits hnm in ]0'2s. 
His true nanis wiu Mcielbrigte, or llr^rv^ln^ of 
Bridffet, aii'l !ii* trrteh'-r v.'um Tigyfaach, no 
doubt thn niinnli»t of that name. il« bectm« 
Ik monk in 1(J.M, mul, lenviufrli^lnnd, enMred 
th.0 ntoutu'U'ry of Irisli imtiiks nt Polfitfti'* on 
Thurwlsy, 1 Xu^. 106H. On 11' AfirJl l()5S 
lie iL'fl LViIoifue fir i'lilds, ■was ordoii>i-il ni'iii«t. 
by AWjciI Sieufri(_'d of Fiildn on \'i Mnrch 
llKiU ut Wanbm-ff, nnd on 14 Miiv fijlluwing 
b-icamc a 'lvcIiisc' nt Fuldn. Tli'^rt^ hf iv- 
nmineii ten ymrf, til! on 3 April I0U9 liu tefl 
Fulda bv ciHuiimtid of Sit-iflrit'd, ww arcU- 
bi?U»p at Mciiti:, atid uu 10 Julv UHW wtllud 
nt Mi'nt* still an u rttduHu, auil cliere remained 
in tilt! la'iitBalnrv of Si, ;Vlbau the MartjrlUl 
bin ili^iiT-li, wbicli Is aaid to liavc taken place 
OH 23 Dec. lOSJ. or lOt^J. 

MarianiiH coiDposed a iinivcrsiiil <;liKiiiicli.-, 
befirii'iiing from lii« Clirijtiiin T.Tn,iind i;i>aiin>.' 
domi to I(W2 ; it vait c ml iiii it'll by lt(idi-i;Ulii, 
iibbot of St, Diwlmd, n.-tir Tre>v.s to 13(M». 
JMuTiitnii') tltmiclit tliulthi^ Diouyaiaii ilalenf 
Cliri»t'i> iiniiviiy wiu iwenty-twn yeare too 
law, and he tliereforn added lo his chronicle 
& double chronology, (1) nccording' lo tliic 
giMlwl: (31 according to DionysiiiN, nnd n|i- 
pemled tablca mid iirg'iinn-nln in siipiviri ij( 
Ills t.hoory; but m'l'ii in li'ut irwn timtr, nayv 
Willinm t>( Midnn-jibiin,', he lisid but few 
Bupporflers (flnin Htynta, p. ."Uri, Itiills Ser.) 

Tnut (ilirtJiiiela contains flonie fifty or sixty 
refi^roiiCM lo Britain niid Ireland. Pown lo 
TilJA-D. these are estrncTed from Bedi- : the 
later ones refer mostly to MHrinrm* luinM-lf, 
or to Irish Tnoiiks. fn it* iwrlipr jHiTtioti the 
oliroiiic[eiHni.''>mpihili'infroin variiJu»iiiiiirL;w, 
luid tlio purl lliiit rulHli-H irt the rt'rit«r'» own 
lime im vnry brief. Florence i)f Woroesltsr 
iul(>|iti->l Marinnns n* th« baftis of bis own 
(■hrouid-e, and throii{;<'li this source the work 
bncuiuo fniniliitr to English writers, wlio. in- 
deed, often citf Florence nndor tho nnmeof 
Marianus. In (lennany tlie chroniclo of 
Mnrinnns wim llo^ so widely kiinwn, lh(iii)ih 
Siegfrit'd of frcmblwi nnide extenaiv! iwo «f 
it. ThitlwohoKt manuacriijUofthucliroitiebi 
ar« Coiloii MS. Noro C v., of llie eWt-'nth 
Cifnturv, which wob probably used by Flort'oce 
of Worcester : nnd Vatican WO. which has 
many cluiras to he regarded «9 MnrianuB'BOAvn 
ftUtOfTtaph : in iiny owe the writing is that of 
aa Iri^b monk, and it ia ab>o sigiiilicant that 
in tJiis copy a fnw short ejitries in Gnelic 
occur. Ihii Vntiean MS. wna tnlfen by 
Wnitx for hi* toxt in tKo 'Monumenta Oc-r- 
raanioi llifilorica,' v. ■195-J502. The chronicle 
waa printed at IWle inlS50 froniu luiitilatod 
moniucrlpt i lliiaia followed in tlie editions 

of FinoriuB, 1801, and of Siritviii*. 1728, bo 
that WnitJ miffhi fairly claim for liis odittOD 
rhi> morit ofnn ' edilio urincKin.' 

In ftddittnn lo thi}' cnrouLCl", Mitrnnus it 
aUo (>r<>diledwitli aT«riely uf scriptural con- 
mi.' ut an »:i, throitffh onfiitinn with hia ooo- 
tompomry nnd immi'sakc, MariaD^ Sootua» 
abbot of ."St, lVt«T*s, Ratisbw (eee bJow). 
SiniiUrlv Uih ' Concord of tho Qoopaia ' I9 
simply tlie !>i>coud book of tlic cbroniclcf and 
tbi> \Arioiis chrijiiui'j^Ical truntiiw oacribvd 
to bim extracts from it, 

MiiiiAxcs SooTi-8 (rf. 1088), abbot of 8U 
PulL-r'it, Uutisbon, is In hf esriifully d»- 
tiii^'uifllied frutn tlic hislorinn. In au Iruk 
l.'l'>M in My. 1217 in tbi: Imptriat Library 
at Vienna \u; dvrv.rihrs liirasclf as '.Mulro- 
doch troK uiacc nibartiiit:,' in l.ntin, ' Mar4a> 
mis miser (iliiia lii-iburtwi.' Muindnch U 
I^tinifcd ns Marinims or PeluKiiiit, Robnr- 
twc IS the moik rn ltaff>riy. Miirinnuji cnin« 
1(1 nnmlicrg in 1(Kj7. nnd there, by ibe advic* 
of Iti.ihnp Otui, became a llecediccine in 
lliir inotiii.sirrj nf St. Michnol. Af^er Otio'a 
di'itt.h, .MttniiniiH and his companions set out 
for Itonte. bal, owiiuf to a tUinn. joined 
Miiricherodachiis li.i-. Sinn-hurd or Slorvog), 
on Irish recluse nt RaiinVra. whiTn; llipy 
founded the nioniislerr of St. P«ii*r, tmtMW 
thcwntln. Marianus became the dn<t nbliot, 
iind after IiiH dnnlb wns i^earded as a aaint. 
TTrrimihitbty diM in lOSH; bis day is ffiran 
by Cnlitftn at 1 7 ApHI. hr otIiiiTS OB 4 Jnlf ; 
llie HolbindiHU pn-ltir i* T'ch. 

Mariatiu)* iht> nbbot wtL" faiaouit for hb 
rali;rraphy. nnd is said to bavo capivd tb» 
ItibEe more than once. The Vl«iiua MS. n- 
ferred ti) nboro is a copy of the eptitl«a of St. 
I'buI, with a ciimnienta'ry in Inthandwritinfr. 
Al lt»ti«hnji (b«r» is a'paninicntarT on the 
PkiiIuiv, which .Vliirinnus ssyi Ibai^eirrDtS 
in 1074. thi! M'vi-ntb viuir of h'm pilfrrimsge. 
Deinpslff sfiys tbiiT In- wrolo 'K'^Ttla ad 
fratpea ' nnd oih'-r works ( Hi*t. Erel. \\\, 8S7). 
His life, written bv an anonyuious monk of 
Ratiabon, is printed in the • Acta i^nctonim.' 

[Tliadotndiiof Mnriatius'* lifoiirv girea in hi* 
Chroniilo; wo ol»o pr^Jut* to Klorto** of Wor- 
cMier (Kngi. Hut. K»(!.); TAnntr's Bibl. Brit.- 
Hib. pp. 51Ul'i: Hnrdyc UeM-ript. Cat. Brit. 
Hint. li. W: Porix'sUun, aorni. Hid. v. 481-94; 
Allgnmoiiie IJoutxchoItioin^pliic. \x. 37)U9. For 
MiRuicr? ibo iLbbot saa Bo)laiid*s ,di'ia Snnc- 
turuui, Fob. ii. 801-fi ; Rerue Celtjaue. i. 203-^.1 

C. L. K. 

MARiaCHAL, EiRts av. f^co Kbitii, 
"William, fourth EiHL, rf. ITiSl ; Kkith, 
GiWKJii!, tifth Eabi., 15S3?-16i'3: KsiTii, 
WiLLlAU, sixth Kaul, d. 1635; Ksim, 
Wii.MAM, (wv^ntli K*ni,, ini7 P-lwi i 
Keith, Ceoiuik, tenth EAat, ItKB ."-1778.] 




HABKCO AOAM oi<d:iSft7P>, Fran- 
ciscan. '3«->.' Ab*m.J 

MARES. OKOFFUEV nn irl. iL>l<'H.jiM- 
tiau cr rkxToy of IrcUni), i:i tuM h> Itnvs 
bean the.itpplifwr anil In.-ir of Ht-rvcy da 
Mnuni' MaiiTici- fti- v.l, nnd iii"i)!iew of Hei^ 
Uwin, bixhop oflK^iglilrii ^rl. 1217 'f)iQen*tt- 
loffirml Mrmoir t^ afoiitmiirf'uy. \*eiigrec, 

Lix ; GtLBBBT, Vktroyt 1/ Jnrtaud. p, 78,1. 
t. clisM aaaertiCNH aeam t« luck proof. 1 1 o u 
dso ttid to b»re bean the brother vf Itirlinnl 
de MkriMn[q. r.], tushopof Uurlmm nnd rliun- 
oellorl Ull.sKiit. lit eupni),wliicli. though iHM- 
«ibl<* (xpp SWBKTHAS, ttorUHwal*, No. 7-Wj). 
ftppnon li> b<> a inrrR) imuiii|)lion (rw Foss, 
Jwtatv af Eti^l/nnt.'xi. 4U0: SriiTKlS, HUfonf 
^ DufjlMm, xi'l. i. ». xKviii). T]m> arms used 
D^ tbc )u«hai) { Ai'i> S'i'fM and Qnenm, Sril eer. 
L 91) WW i]ifr>.-n!i)l from llinso carriefl by 
Geoffrey (eeo JIati. P.ikif, dtmnira M^oni. 
ri.47A). Aaotbprtliwiry muliwliitiillin will 
of a JoHnn d'' XartHcn, dtucribi'il nw \ttvA 
of H antjpil 1-Miui'_v>i, Somi-wi, oiiil otln-'P 
lju)d<, whi<-li (;.!.iffrcyi«.*Up|>rt».;(ilO tnn"* itt- 
hcriti^i t/enfal'>yifaJ Memuf, ul dujirn, p. vi : 
CoLURsojC, Hidtnryr,/ Somfftff, ii. 392l, kut 
UTe tlul GtoffKy bad a broTlier nnTiii>il 
Joedaa (Domawnlg, No.31U>), snd i<« n'|)n>- 
Mn>Ml iM bkvinf! a eon of thni nniiu> ( fJr-nra- 
l^gical Utmair, ill (upM, p. x), thin nU() iM>m* 
to b* itB«upport«<l by ovulirno". for il i* im- 

IHMMbUi tOnMuiiH'. witb tlii-p<^ifp««-niilli«», 

that Ibo (}«oirn<y FilzJonl&n mentioned in 
ft vbartvr of Quarr Ablwy in th.? lAa of 
Wi^bt (Jkfona«/i«vt, t.317) is Ibe justiciar ; 
ftod tbongli Qeoffirvy is eud to hate po«- 
•M»ed laqru e»tate» in KnijiAitd (Oilupjit, 
Bt M>|in, p. 781. it id (»'rlaiiL tbat h-.' bud no 
bad in ibis country in i'J^i {Dofiimeaf', 
Ho. W15). ILs niunc, wbicli, trwi^Uu-d, U 
aunply Manh, was ae comtuun ui Eu^tlnud 
■a tlu iaid4Ue a^ U tbc manbwt froiu 
wbick it wan denrcd (Mimumenia J-'runci^ 
eama, vol. i. I'n-f. p. luriiV un>l <bi.' cou- 
pilenoTtLi-pediitraeo of tli<i fuintly of Mount- 
■tinmv, or Montmonncy. bate cauMid OBUch 
oonfiuiaa by imponinK inio their (cbcmc* 
ibe namoa of all permns of any nolr wbo 
mre kaoim by tliat oomioon upiwIUtiun, 
<ir by nnr nt aU likit it l&at under Moi;:rT- 
Mtt'niCK, IIrrtbt db]. ?lotluiiff<ieeii)ac«^ 
tain about (limffrey't pAteiilimr mrtlier tlian 
liiai be woa a ni-nbrw of Joliii Comyn (1^. 
1212) ''(^. v-l, amlibisJiop of Dublin {Docn- 
mtMl*. r>u. 276), a fact wbicb mnj' accDunt 
for bis risH to vcaltb and power in Trf- 
land : and that bia mother wiv* alii-c in 1 220 
{gOfoi LftUn, Ilmiy III, I ll'dV 

UMffrey was pownful in tb« aoutli of 

¥01. lixn. 

1 Marisco 

MuiiMt-r and 1.4Uii»ii;r, and appMis to bare 
n^ceircd larK^-' i^iiln »f bind in fr«land fVoiD 
Kinff Jiibn. He vra» with the kinjr al Led- 
bury, GIoucMterehiiv. in 1200 ilhtcumfnl*, 
Xo. 137), and received a grant of Kaiberain' 
ia czcbaDgo for otbcr lands in Irelnnil, 
lo^tbvr with Hrenty mnrlt*. to fortify a 
biiim)! thnn tar biniwlf [I'A, No. 1310- wban 
warbrokeuut ninnng til.' Bo^liiOi in Irf-infl«ir, 
ilie lonJji lutd (illi'Ts wbo wrnt diwEJOiMilpil 
wilh ihi' Koventni*iil of lb« jiuiicinr Hugh 
cip Lacy [q. v.j wwm to have looted on 
(.ieolTrev fli tlif ir leisder. lie was joined by 
a number of the nutires, sptKi'd LimericK 
i^AnnaU <^ Worvrtttr. y. .iSHl). and inflicted 
H wven? ileftuit 011 tin- jiirticiar it Tbarlw 
ill MuiiHli^r yAnnaU of Ik^ Four ytail»r», 
iii. Ifi, 171 ; Anuatii ftp. f.'ktirltiian'ei' nf Si. 
Marj/'ii A&bef/, ii. 311 ). For this bi'oblMiu^l 
the kioff's pardon (GtLBEHT,ut iiipru, p. (i6), 
and in I21O mndeauoceaifill W'nracuiii^t the 
Irisli of Ooniinushl {Annnlf ^ Loch C4. \. 
Ktli,24ti). Wlwnlnii'N'vnt HI was tbroHleti- 
itiit, ill or abcmt llMI. It aliNolve John's 
kiiliji-cts from tbrir all--giiini*4', bir ioin>>(l the 
other magnnlM of Irubind in mnkiiifi 11 pro- 
U-stbtion of loyally (Dniti/n-m/ii, Niv 448). 
In the Gummi-raf l'_'l*) be wiu with thekinff 
at Miirll>orouf^h,andon 6Jiily wosappointea 
, jii^licia.r of Irtilnnd. ftivitig^ ttrnof hissonsaa 
. pli>i1ft»8 for his h(^h«.\-ionr (i^.NM.fK)-!. 608). 
On tbci iiccuxion of Hcnrrlll b? ailvii^iid 
' that (jui'cn Itabclla, or her «i'conil son, 
i lEicburd, should r«iidc- in Irr-Und (OlT.kllHT, 
ut iupra,p.M). l[«hui]iaauitl«at KilUloi', 
I CO. (.'Intv, in l!?17, aiicl forcu^ tlw pvoplv to 
, accept an linf^liah biebop, Ka1]«rt Trover*, 
appiin>iitlr on« of his own rvlativ«i [AniuiU 
of Mr Pour Mtufrri; ill. 90; Vvtunenh, 
, Xoi. 1(J-J'\ 21 19). In U'li^ bt- vtm ordered 
to rai«o oioooy to onabl<> tli« kin^ to pay 
L'lui", tbv BouofUir French kinfr, tbc fum 
prouiiiK^d to bim, mii] to imy tbe papal 
tribute. Uv was DrJenil tii lillil to pay thu 
' revenuios of the vrowu into (bi; •■scboqurral 
Dublin, and to iiremit hiiunalf huforo tb<! 
kins. leavioK Ireland ia iho caru of Henry 
of London, archbishop of Dublin. Hnvinj; 
abcady Uikcn iht cioev ho rcccivcil a Hafn- 
condnct tomoku a pilKrining'' to tb^ Uolv 
Land ( C^Iend4ir <.f Patrnt Iloll', H Ilcn. III. 

5. 12), nnd went to Kn^'Und. There in 
lurch 1220 lie entered int>i an ogn^-ment 
witb the kiD^ at Oxford, in tbc prcaftncc of 
the council, with refereniM to the diMbarm 
of bis office, pled^inn hinuelf to pay the 
royal r«veniie« into thcr exchequer, and to 
appoint faithful coiuubles far the kinfr'a 
coatlrs, and doliTvrinff one of his sons to 
b» WlitE a» a hoatago by the king' (i'md^nr. 
L 103). On his return to Ireland fa<> vaa 

Mar i SCO 



coumandpi] to resume the dicmeana Isndf 
thai lie Imd alirnnlL-d without warrnnt 
(Docitmrntif, N'>. 1*19), Oonipiaiiit^ were 
mtidi? nznlni>t bim to tlirkitie bv \hv cilU'.'ni' 
of Oiil)liu. and iu.liilv \'2'2] llir kiiiK*'r"t.i; (0 
Ui<; cnimdl ill IiWurii), ili-i'lariuicthut In: liwl 
reci'ivoJ un looiie^- fr-iHi ttint coiiiilry »ijice 
he came tn ihi' tlironp, and ilmt (leofltvy, 
who hatl niiite in I'ln^tuiid made a liiic wiih 
bjm to Nitiitfy iWnultH, had nnt obevod bis 
wUhri. ll'iiry tln-nlitrc di'sircd tiint lie 
slioiild g'lw iiji hi* ')lfir« (liS. Nn, 1001). 
CiWjlTriiy ruwirii"'! tW ju-tirinwhipim J-Oct., 
wan ihiKikt-ii fur lit* fnithfiil i"itrviw»,(iiiit- 
claimeilof l.OHl) marks, part of rlif fine mnde 
with tlii> king, and rec^ivwl a leller of pro- 
tection duriii;; the kiiic's luinoritv, aud the 
wardship of ilic heir of John de CUhull {ib. 
P(o8. lOln turn) 

During i1i<^ ntm*n(!» of tho jtiiitidiir, Wil- 
liam, thr t-url-niHTHhiil, ill l'J'i4, Ottifl'rr'y 
lu4clinrgtt n{ ihu cuiintrv. Juid earriod nii 
war with Anlb O'Seilt. ifu was roappaiiiled 
mstjciar on 2-') Jiine 1^26, nad. bi>in^ thonin 
Kngland, recE-lved on 4 July q ifmnt of 080/, 
a ynr, to ho pnid out of the Irish <>xc]ieqii«r 
as Mlarv (.16. No^ l.'i)<», ljl.1; J^Iiv^mi, i. 
188). Thii; Pi-i'mM to Ini tlm lirnt timothnt n 
mlary ^^m iipjioirilivl fur tin- viivroy ni' Irc- 
Und * On hw n-Liini Tii Ifi'land he wnitH «i I 
t.ho icing informing liim tliat Thpohald Fit*- 
Waitor, who bud mnrnnd OeeflVcy'* daiiq;!)- 
Wr, was rafrsL'trtry, nnd had ptirisoiied l)iil>- i 
lin Cttatlo ngointt tti* kiiifr. Ho advisod tliaf I 
Theobald slinuld be dutirired of the CK8ll« , 
of Itiscrity, And pmmiacid that he wnnld ii»« I 
erprr Bfliirt t'l pimisli ihi' king* i^iwmi*'* 
{Jfai/fl I^tffn, i. '2iXI (iqq.^ He endr'iiT'nin'd ' 
to detain thi5 poraon of Hugh, fir Cntltnl, 
O'Co nor, king of Connaiig^ht; hut Hugh was 
dclivMed by th'.' intt^rvtintioii i>f Wdliiim, 
tJi« I'arl-tnftrshnt. Tn r^veiiff*", his «on Ai?dh 
Huntriovd VVillinm, tho jufttcinr'a son, neir 
Atulone, &II1I mnde him pnf>nii4>r ; nor could 
his htlier obtain hif k]i-iui>, cxctpt on tormi 
tliat wen luRhly advnntaffrauf to tho Don- 
nnoicht ptiopU- {Aunnli 0/ thr Fvur Matttrt, 
iii. 24&). Qvolircy built tht cu^ttu of Bolly- 
IcB^i;, in tLu barviiy of 8»uth UtLlUntober, 
ro. Rof«oininoii, nboiit thif liiii*:. WIhIa 
Hiitrh OX'imor wa^ iil ihi' justicinr's lioiiw. 
one of G'?ofrroy'» min *k'w hiiu. on account 
nf a private qimriv), und n-xilTrcy hiiu[;t?d tli« 
nniderer itb. p. 2I7>. IK' rmfnit<d tlie juf 
tifflimhip nl 111* own wuh ill Ifbninry lL*£ft 
(Drjewm<^/(i. No. IftZi). Ilrwn.'' ri-np[inint^l 
justiciar In 13-10, mid in July iiillii'lcd, with 
thfi hrlp fif WbIi.t cii! Lacy iitid Kinlianl clr 
Burgli [i]. V,!, n si-vprc dffi-at 011 i.hc C'oji- 
uau{[lit men. under tlii--ir king, Acdli, who 
was taJcfsn prianni^ (WexDOVBB, ir. 313). 

He rcetgnod tlie jiuticiarshipin \2S2{,Rogat 
I^ttcrf, \. 407). 

In common witli Maurice FiuOcmUl, thro 
juHlicinr, nnd oilier lordo, OrtjIfTwy iu 12S4 
rvweivr'd u li-t.lrr wtitirn In' llw hinii's tfvil 
couiiBoHiTfi. and ii-jiltiil by luin.dln-ctuin lUai 
should Kichurd, iUh rarl-mnrahal. coma to 
Ireland tie abould he talien aliro or de«d. 
Gcolfrcr acordiucly joini-d tbo nagtialci 
uf Ireland in ihtMr conspiracy against tlic 
ranr»lial, vrliu ncDt to Ireland on Iwarins; 
thnt hi,* lanil* ihvvi liad lii.'i.>n nivaj^iil. Aj> 
aririii n« hii luiiditcl 0<>nlFri-y joiiiud liim, and 
tr«acheroti*1y urKwl him to inarch afrai»*< bis 
eneraii^ii. promtsiiiK him lii«iiid. Acting by 
his advice, tlie earl, at a conf«rencB with the 
masnates at the Gurrag'li, Kildare, refused to 
cmnt them the truc« that they demanded. 
Wlit^n ihny spl tlie battle ii|^ain»t him Oiwf- 
fri'v dtiMined xXw vbx\, who waN wnundrd, 
lalten prUnnnr, nnd xooii a-ftt^rwaida diwd 
(Paris, iii, i7;i-9). fli-olfn-y f-ll into iti». 
jiorary dis^co with the kiu^ for hi* »ban> 
111 the buii[n«>afl, but on 3 Aii^. '\'i^ Henry 
restored him his lauds (Dne\i>nt^t*,'So. 2i^). 
In this yi^ar his aon William, it is said.slevr, 
nt Ijori^iin, a clerk nunied Ilenry Cltment, 
n inti*J4(>np>r frim one nf tli(> Irish ina^utli-*, 
tind wiii((!OnHi'i|ni'iicly <ni1 Inwod ( I'A. No. 2:{e(li>. 
A man vrho wiu iwrnmixl i>f an iii(«iil 10 a^ 
Bflsui mile the kin^nt Wooditoch in li':^ waa 
said lo have benn iniiti^ti'd by Wilham de 
-Marisco; his father, GeoffrcY, was sudptwted 
nf belli]? privy to tha scheme, and hi* lands 
in trulanu bein;r distrained upon, he fl«l to 
S^otlnnd, wlicro hffwa#, with tlie«inniT«nw 
nf .\lnsftndflr II, shnltnrpd by Walti'rl'onjyii, 
no doubt hi« idnsinan. Hi'nrv wa* indignant 
with tbo king nf Scotn fur liarlioimnK kim, 
and mad.'' if a special ground of eompioiot. 
After thflteatv of .Tuly ISM Alexaader aeol 
OiMvlfrey out of hia domiuiona. He Bed to 
l-'rnncc. whore he di«d friuudloH aud poor in 
l^4a, nt tin advanced agv, for W it diMcribed 
as old in 1 H'Ji. 

M^-anwhilu hi» »on had taien reft^ on 
Lundy Iiilnnd, which tio fortified. Tbvrv be 
waa joinod by a number of broken men, and 
ndoptod piracy &« a mvauu of aual<,iniug life, 
fi|)(.Tially ptiuiderinii aliipA liidt-n wttli wine 
and [irovitiiana, Stnci watch was kept, in tbe 
hope ortukinKbim.ond in 1J4L' hewostalien 
by craft, curried to Londnn.anilthorodravrn. 
haoKcd, and i|uartcrcd, cixtc«ii of. lua com- 
fHinions being aW handed. In liia dyiqg 
confcs-tion ho proti.vftcd hi* innticftnci' of the 
lirntli of Cliiiii-nt, and of ibo niLrnipt tm 
lliH kin^'NlifiMP-VRiNiv. KHi), Hi- bad mor- 
rii'd Mntildu, niwv of Hfiiry, tirchbisliop of 
I>ubHu, wbo Kave her land on ber mnmaicv 
(Docuiwiit*, N09. 2*i3t*, 2853). WUliara bad 







also n?n<iT«1 a t;Tsn( of Innd from tite long 
for hi" (upport in lii'^ i A. Na ItrtO). 

Itcoflivy spjiMrs to liavi* h<«n rijiDrom 
•ad alili^.n KitccdufnlcoinmiindiT.Bndonthp 
whalvKJuslnniJ tJcilfii) rutor. laluimostof 
tbo gnwi mvii of lr>-Un>l nt l \i» timo, ho did 
Bol>cni|it»taM:ttiv)i<-lii<niuaIv. Tnthfking, 
bowwi^r, 1m Muniit m b.tio been ■ fiutliful 
aennnl. The acciisaliiiD of irv-^ou brought 
KgBin«i liim nnd Itis bin WlUiam ig ex- 
trnnelj' improbable, and iboir ruin must be 
comiidared u n remit nf itii^ indii^stion ox- 
eitad bf lb» fiuw of tlM< <>«rl-innrsliitl. dvof- 
' fbttndikl an AugiMinian mnnittipry at 
Cb.eo. K<-rry, latliid R'-nutii-ti t.1/f.n(M- 
HUtmiatm, n. 3U1), nnd mmmaudtTii's 
afkI^^tlluwpit*lleD*I Any and Aduir, co. 
Linvnck. An tfusn^i^ft ^f & utmb in the 
ohnrch of Any, whit^h is said to bi' QttoffKy's, 
i> in tlie *0«iiMl0|ne>l M«moir of Moatmo- 


QioWtvj warrifl Fta dt> U«mitnitlm>n 

i2kMWNn*/j, X w- s 1 r, 1 1 1 a I , nnd uppnivnt !y, 
Ih hi* M«ond wif<'. a tialxrof f luffli di- l-acy 
rWBSroorBB, iv. 301 : I'ABt*. iii. !•. 7 ^,nain«l 

Bidbnd, the «ar1-inHrHlin1. tlint Iii» irife -WM 
Hufh d« Lacy'ii «tsUT, but ilie i:«o««I^Bt< 
•wort tlittt lu^ M-(-vud wi/.; WH9 I'hrUtiaula, 
dtuvbtvr of Welt'T do Uiddlir^f^trd, burou of 
Bny, nnd siAtcr of llufflt de Ijurv's vifei 
EmfflclinA (^Oentalojivai Memoir, iN^dignt, 
ph U>. Tiivf if an error, for Ohrutiania d« 
Biddleffimi manivd ricofTn-y'f aoit Bobeit 
(d. iSiH), by vrliom Av wan thi; tnotbcr of 
CkriatiAua de Mari.tro. on heirc.M of grme 
ltii(_Ihcttmentj; No. Mii and ol barn um- 
Bbj '"'■■P^ *^ ihieiidanum OateaUfiaim, 
Fl7iy Of GfloHrey'a nuuty mos, William, 
RolwTt. "Walter, ThonUB, ll'eury. Jolin, and 
llicbardnppoar in various public rpv-'ordB(«ca 
VeaunenU paanm). \h- i.'iiils<i »aid to have 
hod on eUeai ^nn (icntTn-y. wlio »>.ti1nl in 
Tip)penf7 and dii-<l willimit \ivuv\ Willinra 
wu reckoned an hiji xmuiJ Min: nUiinland 
ridaat cunrivinff mn. nainnd Jnrdan, raarrkd 
Uw dnoffbter of itie lord nf Ijiienmb, and 
(:oni)niii'<l his tint: )i\» youngeit son wns 
namrd •Su-plif-n ( frmm/ogieat Manair, Pedi- 
gn«, pn. X, xi, App. p. xl'); a dan^hCer is 
— igwid W him n-<niw) Kmmeline.wlto»Mid 
to UTe taarrinl Mnurio FitKipmld. 'carlof 
Dami(Mid*(i&.aiid App. p.rlvvii). Tli>i lirat 
Karl of I>Mn)on<). hownv^r, iit-nl tniich lnl*r 
[•M under FifiTiitiUM. M*i'rice, '/. l.V>0]. 
and lli« fcBealoRut taaaa to inku for a 
dtn)lfal»rofQ«o^y d« >lan«co, Eiumetine. 
hirrand hoircssofEramolint-deHid'He** 
wtfw (if Hnfrh de l^cy. and Hl«pb*?Q 
whn rnnrriud Msiirii» FiltMHU- 
riMias nndor PimiEiuLU, .UArxirs Fiis- 

VaCBicB. I?a8?'-12r7; Kii.niKB. liirls (ff 
ikittiarf.-p. lit. 0»offt»r hftJ a daujttilp r wha 
innrri»dTheobaldFiiz\Valter. Tbu asi^rtioB 
I deneaiofieat JWemoir, rediffTee, p, \) dial 
lu« aon John was viceroy of Ireland tu liOS 
ia mronjftHi". Thp fnther of the viooroy vn 
frtnolfn-y Fiml'iiti-r. (iwiffri'y tb» justiciar 
bad iM!uhKWK uainoii Kichiin), Jr)!in i'mvers, 
ajid \\illtani FiizJurditn (iJoeummtii, >'o. 

ISnttiiiAn's CalenJiirs of DocamsuLi. Ireland, 
ml. i. ]iuiaiin (Rrcard pub! }; Cal. I'li, Holla, 
UrTiL ill, p. 13 (tCecoirvl publ.); Uj'Bicr'* Tm- 
•Ion, t. 141, m. IS3 (Rooinl rA.); lUWrtn'i 
Note* and OimHm, 3kI mit. i. SI ; Royal L«(t«ra, 
Hoii.IIl.i. 118. 390. »nC(Roll*aer.); AnnoUoT 
LochC^i. luin. ISIO. 133-1. I!!;. 122S (Rolls 
Sir.) ; .Innals of ibt Four MiMtera, iii. 1,'i, 17. 
19ft. ■iU. 217, rd. O'Dmiuim; Ohartnlnfira of 
8u M>ty'<Abb«y, Dublin, i nn. 272, ii.31t 
(ItolU Sw, ) ; Ann. of 0*nay and .is». of Wore, 
«p. Ann. M(inftkt.iT.96,3DS (RolUSn-.): Wmd- 
oftr. IT 213. •i92ai,.300-S (Etigl. HTiKt.**.); 
M- Pari*"* Chwn. Jl^i. Hi- I»*. 264. 273. 277. 
IT. 1S3. 202, 380. «33. vi. «TS (1i'>IK Sw.) ; 
Wara'a Annals, p. 4$, ami Antl<)q. p. IM, cd. 
ITM; H. do_ ACoBtmarpncy-MurnVs Ovne^ 
kigicnl 3ffinmr «f JIonCBuraDcy. pnsnni (on* 
tnuCwortby); Oilbtff* Vi«roy» of Irvlaud, 
pp- M, 78, 80. 82, »!. lii'i.J W, H. 

JIAR1800, HERVKY he (/. IHW), 
Anf^Normau invad«r of Ireland. [So* 

(ff. \2^ii). Uiliup ut DiirluLui and dinucoUor, 
wna perliopes uniiwof Sunieraet: we kiunr 
(hat Adam ManU or do Mariaco rens under 
Al>i>l was his nephew {Cat. Sot. CYdiu. 
ii. laf : a>iwy I^nrremt, p. 24). Tin; first 
mvntionDf IticimrddnManMo iaaasnoiEoor 
of the exchequer in 1197 (.VADox,£Me.£rat. 
ii. 7141, and aa one of the clerka of the eic- 
rhtNiut^r \ifi was in conaioat ntiendance on 
thu Hufr nft«r 1 207 (Cul. Jht. JPat. i. 89-100). 
In 120B he nrcoivod a pi^wnd at GxHer, 
nhidiheBoonafri^rc-Kchaiigcd for tile rectory 
ofBampton, Oxfordshire (ii. i. 30,87), In 
tho followinK year he wu John's adriatr in 
tho pentcution of tlioCittiTcinns.ibabegiD- 
nine of a long eaur«i> of nrli'Xi which mads 
bim exceedingly unpopular wttb tliu clet^ 
and monaatie orders^ He waji arcliduiicon 
of Nonlmmbtrland before -1 Mavl212(C«;. 
Kot. Chart, n. 1M«). On :.>CI July 1212 ho 
wna preaenteo to the vic.inii^ of Ki>mpwy, 
Worceaterahire {Cat- IM. i'm. i. 93), and in 
November of the nme vimt wm sheriff of 
Ikirv-H and ^vnmirtei. A* one nf theclwrsy 
who bud tilfieiated for the king dnrinj; (ho 
inlerdicl, lie vaain lliit year iiutpunded, and 





MNt to RAma [Ann. Mon. liL 40) ; whilti at 
Boncbatook Piin in tlK-n'.'it'MinliaiL.irortliir 
pelsxdttonof tliu inti-rdk-l. In tin' following 
Fcbniarv lir apiHwrt o« urclidcucou uf Rioh- 
moiul, &n<l ou lu Auj;. rfcvivui.! h iirulxjuU at 
Yurk ( a»/. Ji;t. Pli/. i. U3, r>. ItW, 10^, IW: 
Oi/. if»^ C/xirf. p. 190). lie was aUa in 
l]fl3 anil I.IJ OQc of the jii^ticia-M before 
whom iiuc* werL- levied. 1I<; ww abroiid 
witli JoliR in tbc iniriii^or 1:21 1, but m May 
wan M'lit liomt?. JuliD ut lUu- »Dini: tim-v ri^ 
coram 1; II (It'll liim fiitlir nmiilcriof Wirii;1u-.ilrr 
fur I Jcot i<)ii aa biitlii)p,uuiloi) J'^.Iiiiii-u'.Hitii^ 
tli« l(-giilt> timtlic Itiiil |fi veil bis couaeiit. lo l,l[f 
oloetioti I'Cal. Jttil. Fuf.i, 13!)); tho nluctiori 
wafl not, ^owevor, confirm <;d. Durini; MiS 
he 19 spokeD of bs ' rt'sidt'us nd scncejiriitni ; ' 
Sugdnlo Biij-s lie wu.« clinnri'llijr. liul. Fos* 
considers (His nn i-rror, niii) I Im rr^l date 
of hi< npjHnnlnn'iit lo llint olGci- w«s 2ft ijr 
28 OlI, 1211 (rf. Cal, It>U. Clftrl. \,. •2(\2\: 
Matlhiiw Piiris (ii. .'iSai,li(iwevor. colli" liiiii 
'rc-ftin cmicclliiriiis' in 1211, bat lUs U pro- 
bably a inisiBke. 

AacUnucftlor he jipicd ihechnrtrr Krunt- 
ing fre^flnm of eWtion to t.l«> chureln'-t on 
If) Jkii. Hfl-I. During rlu' i^iid of 1lM4 ui:d 
I'pring'of \'i\'> h"- wiis uudrnjrpd willi iIk ilis- 
fut« tij* itt til-' plt»ciioriof Alibol llufih et 
Bur)' St. Kiliuumh [Mem. fit. IHiitiirui'i 
Ahheff. ii. 105-1 i, IIoUr Ser.) Tn SL'ptembcT 
131A lie W1U sent abroad by Jiihn to miiw 
fotTM for his service, iind on n mi"imi to lh«' 
pope {Vat. Hot, i'al, ]i, iMi!). Miiri'co ojon- 
tinuoi) In 'j" (thmn'i'tlorttftjTJ'flmVd^Blhjaiiil 

Es a ri'wwrd for his fldolitv. prfinioled lo the 
bUliojiricof DiirlmmihnHigh thu intluBiitcnf 
Iho legale (iiinlo {Ami. Sion. ii. ysK), [[i« 
election t onk plnocon SllJiiiv l"J 17, ntuUn' WHS 
consecnilf'i lit Sr, I.)'WHld'ii, t+iotici'i'tor, by 
Wnltord.-'i tniy,fir(!hhi'ih<iprtrY"rk,«ri iJtily 
(I'ft. iv. 4«S). 'ill lli-i'cinh'T 1"J1" he iiljiolved 
AhlTun'^l^^l)f Si'rtUiuid aiid hi* mollior fiuin 
thftir L'Xcotnmanication at Berwick {Chron. 
Meli-oM, p. 133). In 1319 hp was s jiwtipe 
itinerant forYorktIiirpnnri Xortliiimherletid. 
At DurliBtn, Bishop Kichard wns unnn in- 
vol\-od in ft qnnrrcl wit Is li i» mcmkH, nn whtwci 
priTilftgf'S hi> i» fll!<*irM Ifi bi\vn cnrroiK-hprJ. 
TliB nionk«ap|K'n!i'd in 1320 tn thopopi', who j 
i»sn«d hitti'm of inquiry to ih* Binmips of 
Sftli^hnrj- and I'^ly. Ths prQlMefldiaeovered | 
' stmngc and nlii^minnblv lliiiisti ' »l Ditrknin. \ 
Itichnrd du Mnriftco, who liad nlrc-ady (tone 
to Itonii- ill Uia lorn, liv pmyprs and btib^ry 
obltuntrd ab^olulion; but the pope, when 
be leartit Ihe Inilh, doclnrdd W had bocn 
sliUDefidty deccivod, lliough be could not 
qUKsh his deciaioo (^Atm. Mm. in. 67). 

Unttb^w P«ri« says rhnt ihn pope did refer 
tbv di«pat« bock lo the Diibops of Klj aad 
SalUbury. In nay cose, tbo quartvl was sot 
md«d, and Iticbard vnr on bis wny to I-on* 
don Co pluad hii Buil.vhi^n bi^di^ suddenly 
al Pftt-rb-jrouirb on I Mur 1230. IUb«d 
Bufii?ivdfruino]ililbnlu)iu. HinlKxIy wB.itidivB 
back fur burial at Uurb&in. Tbi' ili'ipui'^ niih 
thiimonli^ waseocostlytKal ii louffbunlened 
the bishopric of Dutli^ii], and so it was said 
that Riclianl was bishop for Gfio«n yOBtS 
ofti-r his dr^nth. 

An n ]i»r<h sii[icrior. Kichnrd dr Morisco 
r'liindiin fiivniir in lln- ftyesofni'iniuitir rhro- 
tiif-h'Pt; tbt'ir ittatt-mt'iilit must ibcmfiirc. be 
acfepifd vritb caution. NevertheU--««thi;yarf 
unaiiimou-i in ilieir condamnntian of him as 
the worst nf John's eril advisers. Mnttbew 
Paris tnys he vra.i of John's hniisrholJ and 
rannnrr'.snilncourticrfrom bis «»irliost years 
(iii. W, III); by nlwi n'lal« & vtory. that in 
13:^4 .Itibn np[i<'jinid in n droo-in U> B mook 
at r>t. .'Mhrniii. and di-idan-d ihai he bad 
anlftirud many lornitint^ fur bis eril Jmj* at 
tbiradvice of Uicli8r<l d* Mariico (iii. 111- 
113}. The Waverley annnlisl complains of 
ttiHmrd's tyranny as Jobn'M minisler. and 
snys that, after etnployitig hira as proctor for 
various sew dtinng tlieir vnc-jtiiry. .Jrjhn in- 
trndiulto inakr' him a biKbop: but. thn clvrvy nut for fnit ■'h't'lion. thai 'an ajM^ in 
tbo court itiigbt not littcutuf a priimt in tlit> 
phiireh' iAnn. Mon. ii. 2**). In oDoihnr 

ilnce it is as^t-rted tliat John called lUchard 


Marisco his god, «-hoD spvakine >o the re- 
piilsr and Becnlnr c!effr>-(C"Xr, Will. Nkw- 
liHluiil, CArinf. Nti'ph. tlmrii tl.ii. hViy Ho 
bi>i[iiiiAi)ii<(i bill lltirnrt' t'l .Adiiiu do Martsco 
\<'ti{. Rot. Clau*. it. I'Sfif. 

[Mai tb'KW Pari*: Annnl<'s3fana*tici:'WaIt«raf 
Covi'iiiry; Shirley's Rojiil und lliBtoricnl Letters 
oC lb? KciRii of n«tiry HI (all iu ilolls S«r.); 
Lo N«VL-'fl Fivtti Cci-L. Angl. ; Foea'a Ju'I^m of 
KngUnd, ii. 400-1.] C. L. K. 

MARKAUNT, TJlOMAS (J, H3.'t>, an- 
tiquary, was the aon of Jolin Marknunt and 
his wif* Caswindm. Ho hccnmi* baeholor of 
divinity nt (.'nmhrid^i and fi'llow of Corpus 
Christ i* l'nll(>p>, noi of Pirtarhoiian, as wkk 
ni'oittly etAtodbyFtiil<>r (H'isf. <i^OtnM^p«, 
p. 65>. From lii* heinjf styled 'conftatw* 
IU well OS 'ronsocius' of the coll^ff^. Mutcra 
(Mitt, of Oorptu Chritti) coticludM that thft 
Corpus Btld w*s still in cici«t«iico and per- 
habs independent of tbc^ coUc^. 

In Wli Markaunt was proctor of the 
iiiiivtnity. Ho is suid tohaTL' hi-<>n oap of 
tbc tniMl omincnt antii|uarii4 of hia time, 
and to haTu first collcol^d tbe pnvilcgM, 
statutes, and laws of the univonity. He MV 



by hu will. <!Bt«i 4 Nov, 143fl, Mvmty-six 

bonlik, %»1uiil ai lUJ/. 12^. tid.. lo tlip collrgi* be placed in a cheat for (bv nw »f 

ihe muter and MIows. Thi* bwikfi, cliiefiy 

tiwologiciilor Ahsloto|iiin.wcml«lm\'-I«ni 

lost bpfor« I hi' linK-nf An:lil>i>'li<>{i Parhtr. iu 

ii[Me orib(>(intb Mliuini»t<!iv(lIoek<-i} fullixw 

on MdmiiiMaii to taliu ererv putsiUle care of 

Itat ■ eop^ of Hanaum's «'ill. wiili 

of liU boolu) and tbeir values and n w- 

o( homvfra and (he boo};^ iHirriiwiic] 

tween 1 ItO and I&I6, is t'xrntK iti MS. )iA2 

of iho L'onms library. It wa* printed by 

Mr J. (>. )lnltm-«n in Hip ' rubliunliiina at 

iJiii Cumbridfcc AniiqiiNriiin Su«;i<*l\',' vol. li. 

rl.xiv pp. !■'> 'M. Uurknunldii^ilon 19Nnv. 
139 (Mastkrb, p. Id; T*XXEB, p. 512; 
HtLLlWEtt, p. 20, prima 18). 

(3butn»'ii T!in(M7 of C«r[nw Chrimi, 17M, 
«d. Lanib. 1031. pp. 49. 307: Tunnor'a Itibl. 
Drii.-Hib-l J. T-T. 

I HAKKHAM, Mas., writor for cUildrra. 


MARKHAM, KJiAXOIS {l.-,(y;-l6*_>7), 
[ilddi«riind atitl>or,n*aii a brotborof Oitviu^i 
lihaiD a. v.] «ird the u-co&d tan of Robert 
HATkham dfCottnia in Noiiioghamahtrc, by 
UuT,dBughlcrof8irFm»«isLcak<^. l-'mnci* 
WMt bom on u Julv loO>V After parsing liitt 

none siirvired bim. lie wdb tiiill muKo^ 
master of NottingliaiD in 161^:^, aud diodio 
ini'7. seed 62. 

ItlaricliHrn niiblUted : 1. 'FiTe I>eCHdMof 
Epigiltwof War.Tol- Ifl22. in whicb he gixes 
ail 81*01111111 i>f tlif diilit-iiiif till- (illiri-D) in the 
army of cvrrv rank in tb" dajsof Klinnbetli. 
2. 'tlielkwk'tof IIouDur.'fol. ](Q(i; utiinri- 
tiuariaii Irvdiine on ilie oriniii nm! ftlalu* of 
the vnri'>u8 ranks of ntiliilily and Inigbtbood. 
IIi> bIk) wrote a ' Gcneiilopy or Petigroe of 
.Mnrlihnin,' ntill in mnniiccripl, and dated 
'/TJfiW I iH)l(^itl)elimi:fit(ithi'ptitpnt writer); 
and a cbvimry of Angln-Siixim wurilt, with 
derivatioim ut'cbrtftinn naun's. 

in lilt [Vuccniinp of ihn.'<ociotf of Anli<juariM, 
i;Nor. IttSO-l C. &. M 

ll^Vii, lii'utviiiint-ptMii'ml, yoongi-st Min of 
AdmimI Jolit> Marlchnni j|. v.~„ and mutdnon 
of WiUiitm Mcrkbum [ij. r.]. arabbithop of 
Vork. \TAii born at hie latlipr'a house, Ade*, 
in<"!ini li3V parish, near L*wf',SiiMt>]t, 16 Aoff. 
IMJo. lU- wn« eent tft \V.-»tiiiin"l(T Scliool, 
and ticted Syni»iii lb'- ■ .Vdi-Ijilii,' the Wosl- 
mimtfo' piny of IM'.I. IK- was i-xpnllrd for 
a boativji df^rajir- in 1^21, And on 13 May of 
llint yvui obtiiiiii.-d an i-n.^igai'v by piircbow; in 

«arly year* in the bou»t-hold of the ICarl of i the !)2nJ foot, in wbiHi rr^iiuc'rit lie hecamo 
PcRibmke, be wai4»enl to Wiuch«<ter^bool, | lieiilenant in l^l'£| voplaiti iu TS^'.', innjor ia 
imdwaaafterwarttsiiiiilc'r th(< r*iiioui>«cbo]or, | Its'lil, nnd IiHii(>>iiiitit-<'<>li}iicl in 1842, buying; 
Adrian (1« Samvm. In l-'ifJ hv vn* cfllerod all hiiBt^pH. Wix-n lhi> Siimi vtti- ii] Dublin 
of Trinitv Colk-Kc t'«ailirid|j?,but rotnaincd in lli$0> MniLboin wa» Kcoiid to Captain 
only n Hiinrt litnr, ^«iii^- uii a *oUinU'«'r to Smytb, then of ihi' rcg^imi-iit laflvrMorda 
tbe ware in the Low CuiintriL-a wilbout ]>cr- Uom-nil SirJi.-lin]Ci>nlaml Siuilh, K.C.Il,,!:/. 

187y), ilia fatal durWitli .Standiih O'Omily, 
a barrialer, iineinK out of a fraca? iu Naeauu 
St n-ot. Dublin, on 17^an-b. Stuvtbniid.Mnrk- 
bani yrvTV tiiud for thiir livcf.nnd «Liitoiioed 
vucli touycar'siiupritonin'.'ni in Kilauunbitu 
gatA. Jiidg'- Vaii'ldi-iir won careful touaiuw 
tliru ihnT ibr fmt>-tKv iiapliid no mflectiaa 
im ibrir mndiicl in tUi; ntbur. Mitrkhani 

BBuMon, llaviii); made Bubiuiwion to bis 
filtliorr ho waa uroprrly lilted iiata^ a vohm- 
ten-«ndejSi;\VilliAin IVIbani jq. v.). an J he 
•eCTvdat tL" eietfs ofbltiyr. wbunlVlbam 
died. yoUDg Fraiu-w returned tv Kn^-hind, aud 
in ISwtbe wwsludyinirlaw ut riray'e Inn, 
Bal hA .'kOOB lirvd of ibr Uw, niid rm:^M■d 
lorarto PlaahiaK in tW liojie of uri'tting a 
outaiu's CoiDpany from ^r Kobert i^idni^y, M^rvrd witli his rc|riini-ut i» Ciuuda. and rv- 
who wae then giiyvntnr. DiMpiioiiiltHl in wivwl ibn-n wounds wbrn in t^iniinand of 
Oml i|iiBrtvr, be went to Sfrve uiidiT tbo llie li^-Li t^oiuiinuy i-ovrrint; ihi- advnnne in 
Pnimuf Anbalt in ihc war L'aufi-dby a ilia- I this iinsnccrmul atlatk on llie rt.'bi-Ia at St. 
puted evocwHon ^o ihi- bisboiirii.- of Slma- | IVnis in Novombrr I8-17, duriug the insur- 
ttUTji, and in 1511.1 h<- was aindyin^ law at . n-ction in l<o wit Canada, llo wtnl out In 
IleiJelhrrjr. Ili- had n cnptnincv uikUt tho comntond of ihi; rvg^inirnt lo Tndin: oom- 
Hui of K^rx In l-'mnc^ and in Irrlniiil, and mandrd thit 2iid infantry brijzadi- at tlio first 

wu Afpun in tbi* I»w CoiintrifJi fnr a >hnrt 
limi'with yir Framis Yen-. Hi- tra-nlb-il 
in Fram-r wiib l^ril Koo*. ami f\i'iiiiiiilly 
nblaiotil ih*- ap[«inluieul of uilistiT-UD^tir. 
whit-ii tin\v tiiiD a liied salary with n-siJi^iK'e 
al Noliinehnm. In 1608 hi ninirird a lady 
tuuued yiory Loi-«l, and had children, but 

and wivind nicjit's n( Moilitin during the Pun* 
jiili ramjiaiun of l!i46-^ (lie noa wouiidnl 
1(1 Si'pT. I84B) : commindMl tlie diviaion at 
tkurajkhoorid, wbi-n tbcennny'a porition was 
floru>e<l and »ov*-ti ^in» lak'-n l eomniaiidod 
the Itengal t-oluinn at tbi* "lorining of Mool- 
lau, ti Jan. Ib-t9, and wa» pn-ai-nt at tlm auf 

Mark ham 



ron^PT of tliu citT on 32 Jnn. nud Uie capHire 
of iIh' fori of (^i-iiiun- <m 2 Vnh.. uiid, join- 
ing Ixird Ouiiplt'n arinv whh liis briKaJ* on 
H) Feb., wiift |>rewni wltli il nl lla- crowning 
YitTlorj of G'lojeral (r.H„ EU'e<lal and clasps). 
He was afterwards niiuicDide*<1<yctim|>totlie 

Markham, whn wnn a wiry, nclivc nmu, 
wudU hill lirniiiiirdrnl ■jiorli'iiiiin, \Vli«iiat 
l*iM3iuwiiriii Aiinl IWiii hi* mw!f ti loiij^sliool- 
i»g i-xturMOn III (111! Ilimalavas iu emnnaiiy 
with Sir Edvfttrd iHiuiibell. Wrt.. an nnipi?r 
of lln> iOlli rirt<-» rjn ilie gnvemDr-gi-ueral's 
Staff. Tliey viailLHK'tuliDiert) anil Tiliot, pen (>- 
tratJDg BH fnr ne Lndsli, nil') bringing buck 
trophies [>f ibp jliiilk umi lunii-w of the grnnt 
Onu j^inmvn, tW bum-ll, (^thw, iIjvs, hikI 
miiKk-di'iT. Miirkliiiiii puhli.iilii'd n imrrntive 
tiflliejimrimy.i'iti it It'll "hU'iiiliiifri'il'l't' Uiiua- 
liiyaw— 11 JiuiniHi nfSnortirig AiUvntiirt's in 
l,adak,TiV"i->l. mill Cnelimeri-' . . , lllus- 
Imt ionsliy Sir Kilwanl CnmpbfLl.Hart.,' Lon- 
don, 18-VI. Stnrklinm reliinierl linni*' on leave, 
ntid in Mni'ch I>'.i4 wub ei'iit lim-k to Inrfinnf 
11(1)^1 nnt-pTfTiil "f Mil' ijiifcn's Iroripii. In 
NoV'-mbpr In- wan promotixi mnior-gicnnnil 
nnd nppninti'd to llm P(!iihnwiirdivi«ion, bill 
wbpn within twa days' jounn'v of bin com- 
mand wtia recflllixl for a comniniiil in Tli« ' 
Crimed. t*n30July 1855 he wns oppointed 
to t!n> 3nd division of tbi' army lKifoi-ef>Libfiato- 

{■il, with tIip local rnnk <if lion ("nit ut-jircnej-fll. 
le o-nmniftn'WI thydividion nl ihpfittnelt on 
the IWiin, K Si>pl. iHoo. lEo wnn jiisl n,h!i' 
to witnet* iln- fiill of Si-baM'^jiol, wbi'n biii . 
])i-a1tb, wbitb bud Biifii'ivd (nvuily by bi» 
liurrii-'d joiirm-y from IniJin, brolie down. Hi- 
returned borat', uud ilii'd in London, iit Liin- 
nKtf-'s Hottl. ^i Ik-c. 1855. He wus buriwi 
in the fumily vmilt, Morlnnd, iii'iir I'l'iiritb, 
Wide UEmoll oak-lrci' he bod plutiitd bet»rc 
IcAviug for iho (.'riitK-n. .^ monuiuciLt lo 
him wn^ put up in Morkndpari^fb church bv 
ibvudlc-ntoftUDSl^ndfootinowlBt Com wall 
light iiifniil.ry, 

[A Xftvnl Curoer during the Old War (Life of 
Adiniml JDhaUnrkhMm), iMaiuo, 1X83, |>fi.'J7'i, 
28i-7; Ofol. Una. 1836. pL i. n. 83.1 

U. M. C. 


Viyfiotlfh-m;!"), tiutbor, brolUiT nf Fmn- 
fiiB Miirklium rii.v.l itiid ililnl Hoiiof Ui.bwt 
Unrkhmn of llornuu. NotiitiKbiimdiiif, wna 
horn iiboui IndB. In h\» ent]\ yi'iirs bo fol- 
lowed ibpciiruirnraruis in the Lrov CiiiiMri<-a, 
nnd lind ji Cfipdiinpy under the Eurl of Es»i>i 
in In-lfiiid. Sir John niitinjilon [<|. v.]itni:l 
,\nihonv Ilnbinpton 'q. v,l wcry' firar coiiRins 
of till- fiith(-r. .\ brltt^r of IlnriTi^on in lhi< 
'Nujffu Atiliiiuni'(i. :260)inentioniiiliiit whttn 

ill Ireland hi- n-ri-i^-ii] mitny kiiidncmcii froiD 
hi* coui-in Mnrkhnrn'o llin-i' ton*. Tlio tdd«M 
brother, Uobfirl. vfni»,acc«iniiiip lu Thoroion, 
' a fnlttl unlhrift and dtsiniyer of iliis emi- 
nein faiuily.'and ispouiilily idcniictlwiililbe 
(-'ii{>rain Itisbert Mnrkhnm who publiihed in 
varn- ■ Tlie I)e>«:ri|)tion of . . . Sir lohii Brrgh 
. . . wil h bin liwi Senjice M the Jxle of He* ' 
(l/iDdMii, IliM, 4lo; n-iwriwd us 'Mirmuin of 
. . . Sir Jolm ItnrTOugLgorBuiKli, Kiii.,*ta 

Appnrenlly Gorvnai^ tunind lolilvntimii] 
sL-nieb oflhe means of tiiibiistenca. lions 
«*el 1 0(1 nipped forbiRCallinff. Tie waa at once 
II Hchomr. aeouninted n'ith Lailn, l''reiicb, 
llnhnn, Hpnninh, nml prohnblr Dntvh : ■ 
inBiiiiicn' ]xn'l nnil dmniiili>'r, not afraid of 
diiiilin^ At timi-i; nilh t^aon-i] toiiirit; n pmc- 
lioal !iludi?nl of iikiriotilliirn; iinil it clinmpioa 
of improved nitftboilit at lianc-biwdtng uid 
of hoi'Bo-raciiif;. lie waa himself llie owner 
of vat<iabk'hort<>-§. and is aaidtohnvf* imported 
tbpliret Amh. In a lifit of . Sir Hunry, Sidney's 
bor<ii>fi in I •*i>'t> Tind Murkbntn'iE eniered u 
biivin^ hiH'ii K'lbl lo the French ninbnwiadoT, 
aiid4iiTr]ui> cold on Arnbinn Iior^nto.lAtnml 
for Ii<WW. Hit HTvicM to nBTii'u!lnn> wcrir 
lon;r rfmeml«*rr-d. In UMIi WoltiT Riitb,in 
his ' Eu];li*h Improver, or a ni>w Kun-iy of 
Husbnndri%'^rare that divora of bis pii>c««, 
containing niiich loth for prulit and Tven»- 
tion, 'liHVi* he^n ndi'antnfr^^iiA to ll»« kinf^ 
dom'nnd 'worlliymncli honour,' lie tr<>al«, 
Itlith writ en, 'of nil t liin^n kI large thni oilli«T 
oonci^mv tbi- biisbnndman wilb tb" ffoo<3 
boml^■wif^r' (IlRViim-:-, Ccmrurn Lit. ii. 109- 
1701. lli« induftry iviin i>r<^i^i«iu<, und a? 
n c.oinpJU'r for the booWlk-re on an vswv- 
ti'-iTialiy lsr;;i; seal's bo hoi \itvv. cnlli^ 'ibw 
vurlieal I^UKli^b bnckuey writer.' Wa bnoke 
Bhiiinek'f^ly repeal tbtnieclvce. lie waa in 
tbi? bshit of wrilinK scvL-ml work« oo tlw 
Hinii.'' subject, triving' cacb n difTcniit lillr. 
IIu alao rt'i»inc-d unsold copiw t>f old Iwolti* 
nnflrr iwk lit.h-n, nnd thiiM civi-a i-ndlrio 
trouble to the conj<cJi.iL lions bibUoiimpber. 
OnJ-lJuly lfll7 titi: book»i-llurs,foitlieirowo 

!irotfclioii,ohtained lbe?if;naiureof {ierraw 
ilarkham, ' of L^ndoHi 4ti-nt..' lo n papc.T iu 
which he promiwd to wtiteno mure U>ukaon 
the tn-olmi'iit of the disiMWe* nf hoi-vjs and 
c/iItIi'. rtrn (Ionium ticnmrd him, ikcUiinic 
tbnl * lie wiiH not of the iiiiiuh(-riif ibcKnttk* 
full, iii)d hilt u bfi.-ii? MXtiiv' {Ofrfraallmt 
u-itfi rtit'tiitiiomi , p. 1 1 1. Itt^nitpi-arainliaT* 
collected n liliriiry. nnd (uii- of liie flntt ut- 
fliiiplcs of an Enjjli^b jiliile. in n copy of 
Thoma« h Ki'iniiit of 15p4, i* bia. 

.\w inrly as lodit Iip Ti'vifi-d for tlin pt«M 
' Tbyr»i» nnd ]>n]>biii^.' n pofro not known to 
he nildnt (,ef. S/nliojrcw" iifff. 23 April 1698). 









Two yctn Uitir kc pnUiilird « porm on tbn 
fitfht of the BftrengCi catitW ' Tlx; mnal 
iTonnnhitTnwtAifotSiT Ricluntl linnvili% 
K.D:ffliI,' lHQt'i, (VilicalMl U> Lrin) Miiimtjiiy; 
it bIm inclutlcM ttoiQinet ailiiri-««eil In Hfury 
Wri<>)lifjili-y, i-nrl of Soutlinmptdri, wlipiioe 
Mr. FItfay u»'kwiir<lt_vd«iiict«u titt st ruined 
ftTfcmui-iii to provt>ttuit)[arkbaQi and i:^htike>- 
■p(!iir« ir«re rivals fur SoiitluiiDplaa'e fuvour, 
UK) ihat Sh&kiMpeare rellecieil on MurktiAiu 
in tilt soniMU. luo onjriniil »(Ulii>ii i»nwork 
of ^.vlniB* rarity; nnlv Iwii ciipiw, in thu 
RritisU HuA-tim tind Bfulli'inn ret|H«tii*e!y, 
mm knout D. It ww rvpriiiiiid bv I'mfi-Mor 
Arhor in 1871. G«rr)u« U'lls tjii» tlirillini; 
attuy of GiCTivillf's fiplil ia 171 BtBiuae uf 
t^i^lit Un«8<«cb. IVnnyson told Uh Mine tale 
ia fifke(>n, and gona<? of his VKiprmsionn nvrn 
doabllms 8iiijge»U'd by Mnrkliani. Wliin- 
MarkbKBi kiu'Swiv^t mkislir giinuL-r, iplit 
oiir krflU- m Iwsiiw," Twiny*i>ti n-misi, ' Sink 
iB^ titc akip, mut<.-r gunner; ^iiik livr— ^^plit 
her in twnin.' 

Miirklum*i' Poem of I'oenm.orSion's Muse, 
«ont«ynvnf[e tks Divine Son^ of Suloni^ii in 
EJjthi fielogues,' ap^MK^I in 151*5, ISmo 
{B^Ueiant, '-iDiledit. ]5(IK; it is d<xlir*t<Mllo 
Kltcnbntb, ditufiht^r of Sir I'hilip Sidney. 
Mon^ rnft-M to it Aoprorinfifly in hit ' ratln- 
diitTiintia,' h'lOg. Ilia'Uovon^us, or V6Ttu«s 
Tear*.' H1&7. Jlo, wu a lam»iil for tko Iob^^ 
of llcnrt- IK ofFrnuoe and of Waller Devt?- 
rcat, t)iv Earl of Kstex's broiWr, who was 
•lain bpfut« Knuvu. It is a ^iar«plirtt»t^ fwiii 
tti« t'reocli of Madinie '.)«u«!viive Vtrtitu Man- 
Uttc, and i* dtxlicalcd lo VottAhy, countCM 
of North umbcrt and, and Praslopv, lady Kich, 
lip wrciixV aiders TwffsoniK;t4prflfi]w.tIiire 
bv ILAUot and K.Quilpin rvpcdtTi'lv. lu 
\iSOO ai^Jcartd Miirkbaui'a 'Tfan of iLe Ife- 
lovi-d, iir l^tmuilaliuiu iff St. Jubn couctTu- 
inji ibf Dentil and Paaaioa of Ciirifit Jmiu 
our ^viour' (Ho), and in 1601 ' .Mari« Mng- 
ilalrae'a Lamentations tor llio Lou of hvr 
Macivr, J»ii&.' Thr itco liul poraui wen; 
tnprintrd and r<Iitcd1iy l>r. tirmmrt in 1871. 
In tlKK) John Jtudrnliatn mmtiuncil Mar)<- 
hau) BiDontr the fotUn whom hv iftiuicil in 

3larlihnin pnldiitliMl !n IRO'-Tb? Knxlldi 
Arcjkdtn Hlliidln); his bejrinninic fmoi Sir 
Philip Svdni-y'st-ndinir,' (to. On the same 
•uhji-rt tif iwiKil in It'i 3 "The Second and 
La*i Pan of the Fir^l Book of the English 
Artadia, makinff a CnmpWic Knd of thw 
Fint tlii>t<>ry,' -iiln : a iinujuu copy i% in tlw 
lliith Libran-. Hi>n JonMn wnuto that 
3JHrk>iain 'addvd Arcadia.' 

In lfl(l6 appaaml ib» Knclinb vn^ion of 
ibw ' Saiina of AricMln,' wburU 'n &ani«iinirs 
■iripiTil to Markhnm, alihougb it ii almast 

Dcnainlv by Robert Toft« [q. v,} Tofte iin- 
tloabti^jlly claimed llio work in ki» * Ulauin 
of Jealousy,' mi5, nnd conipIaJDiKl that it 
hnd bi><>n prim«<l uiibout bi<> knowltidgv in 
aitotbi*rinan'Knatai>. Iliil MarkUuiri iscltjarlj 
Mifionatble for ' Arioaio'a t'oui'luiiiiniK of the 
Marriage of Kog^fro and lioilixnontbo,' lullg 
(^Hmox).whicliMun-t*!tui'diii ttxXSuii'Rod- 
moiitli'a I»fi-nial), ur rhi- Di^cli. CunijUi^rL'd : 
nsraphriifiticaUy iraiiKlalod from the Freoeh' 
[of l'l)ilip|i« deR rone«]. Another curioiM 
translaiion of his Is ''I'ln' Kninnti^ Wbore, or 
I Niilili; Ctiriimn, uiiTilvinini^ th^ L(ini*-ntablo 
I Ciimplnint of Pniilinn, tlii' faintiiiB ItomaiL 
Curtiuin,H<>inr!(iuii< .Mm.unln th<' ktvbI Ou^ 
■ dinall llyjmliio oi' I-Z:«i.' triiiulatcdininvme 
from thi'' Italian. London (by ^.>r John 
Uudffoi, ItW, 4l»i i^L'yujKH, Bii/L CUit. i. 

Miirliliam CotlnboratMl with other M-riiers 
in at \mn two rlnLmnli(> pti«4-«. Lewis 
Mac-bin vcom bi< frndjiilor in 'Tho Dtimlxi 
Knight,' publiabrd in ItilM (4tol.nnd fonnd«sl 
on tt novid by Itand^llo [•»<! under 3{a(.'u1!I, 
llcsur'. 'Hcfod and Antipaicr,' printi-d 
in \ti-2-2, but playod br tlie couvanv of tlie 
It^veU at tUo Hwl BnU Tliefttre lotio before, 
was by Markkam and \ViIliaiii tMiuipaoa 

Markkam*!! practical proM trvniiBOB wcitt 
niort- numcroiii and popular thftn hitcitMys 
in purt- lileratiin-. t>f tli<.i«<; Irmtingof lionMS 
the iiBriitHt, ' Jliico-urw; on Hurwutjanshippe,' 
London, IWW, 4io,wii» writlvu wh'-n be waa 
ti*out>-6>t.-, and Ovdicalvd to hi? fallicr. It 
wa» licfin«od ft>r llii- pivea 'Jit Jun. loOJ-8t 
and much of it was r>:!L;6iied in 1 'flVi at ' How 
to Cliu«e, Itido, Iraino and IK-I both Uunt- 
iogand Ituniiini; llon»o)>,'-ltol l-'Wand ItiOtt), 
niul 'Uow to Tmvno and Tunch Uorm to 
.Amlflr,' Linidun. IWt. 4to, Hi» nr\l irork 
on iHiiiiui- lopic><vriiAM'ii\t'Iani*<*, orlhcEnK- 
li^h llorneniun,' In ft^n-n bookit, irach d«di- 

^ ca.ii'dt<ia ili!iiiiii;uti>bixlperaouRCCtiucIncUns 
the kin)^ and tiio I'riiim of Walca (lOOi* 

, ind c-dit. Ittl(t-17, 4to. Id'^fi vrilb an riehth 
book on the trickaof Ilank&'B lior»ol. Tlicra 
followed fonr works on farriorv, all practi- 
cally identical, aUhouK'i diflrnnjt in tillci 
'ThV Mrlbm!.-. (ir Kpili.™.-' iliJlK. 3nl edit. 
Il52d), rm lli>-diM'?iH<*>of borwi.cnttKvBwintr, 
dQ((»,and fowls; 'Tlip raitUfull Karrier.dis- 
covering aorao i*cTi't» nor in pritil Iwibre.' 
Il53r>. 4to; 'Tlio MaslcrpieC* of Farriery.* 
1«30: nnd 'The Complete Farri«r.' Irt39. 
Finally. 'tjeMBrewale.orthelloTwMBTBhaU, 
containing tbcan ancnrta wliicli I practicv, 
but nr'^rr iupariHj to any man,' ia otill in 
manuiirrtpt, and belong la thavTiternrtliit 

Hii Bpaniagworlainelude'CouatrTCoD- 

Mark ham 



MntinwH8'(l«ll,lIth wlin-nlnrged 1B76), 
the second bnok of which, "The Knglish 
IluBwilV,' ireKliiig of domeiliD tubjecis. iva« 
often iwmed ie[iB'r«ti'ly,- 'The I'li^asurea of 
Princf«' {hll.'i 4lo, 11535), conlsioing di*- 
rriurstM on t.ha nrtn nf sn^liiig' iiml liriittliiijir 
liglititij^-njch* (nfti'H iutii^il wilh Hit' ' l-lii^- 
lull lIuRhftiitlmnii'l; 'liitti^r'n Pntvi'lilioti, 
or lh«' wh'iltt Art of Finvling by Wnlor luid 
Land'dtiSl): and'Tlut Ari« nf Arehorie' 
(1634). A very small U'nio valiimo, with- 
out AAt4>, is c&llL'd 'ThL- Voiing Sport -tniHn'B 
Itwi riii'titr' in Hiii^ling, fowlmg.hawkiiip, ami 
hunting; il wns rupriiit^d in JH>J>). .MurU- 
hamaUo briiug!it out n ncwiidilionnf.ltiliann 
BentftH's ' Itook cif St. A llinns,' ii mlcr 1 Ik- t iiK; 
of 'The Gontli-mim's Ac;ndeinie,<irth« Rivilct 
ofS, Albniiiif'Lnndoti (for IlBinfwvl.owiiMt. 
lClLKi,4to: the thin! mid lo*t]inrt, ''The Booke 
of Arm-iho,' has a new iiili>nrt^. 

In till.' iiu«ry8ti of nsricilnire Jlarkbnm 
edited linmntiii (iivtp>'^ trntiiiliition of 'The 
Art of UinliJindrv,' bv IU'i'e»hnfli. in J(il4 
(anotlK^r i>dir. lK;il)i nnd -Thf Ooiiiitry 
Farm' ill lB16,tiKvi*i'<^nnf RirlinrdSiirllH'a 
rranflatiDn(lfiOO)(\f I-«'bniilt iinil R-<ti^>nni-> 
' Mnison Hustiijui;,' -with ntltlilicmn from 
FnMicli,SpAnish,»ti(i IlaliNn uuthorB. Vcrv 
•iinilftr Ironlist^M were Ike' ]^ii>,'li(*li JluabunJ- 
mnn,' :i jif*. I(ii:)-IS liU'), H!3."i (iiii« His a 
reiMuertf 'The I'lcaaiircsof i'rincoa h 't^ieap 
andfiooil Hiubiinrlrr.' hUl, lUHi edit, inriij 
'A Furtwell U' Iliistniidrj-.flr the Inrichins 
of . . . Burrvii . . . tlrouudc* (10:>0, lUtli 
uiJit. IB;*!); 'Tliu Cyiuiln- Hou«i; Wia-'s 
Garden; WSS. 4lo ; ' I'he Wuy (oget Wimlt h,' 
rvprints of earliLT IratU. with u diiiiit(;r im 
gardRniiitr bv VVilhniu Lawsoii (Iti2-^. Mih 
edit. lua^li'-Tlur wIioIki Arte of Husbandry 
in four bixikf' (1'^3'n ""d the ' Iiirichmftut 
of lh« WwiU (if Krnt' (16:i5, fivt- edi- 

Foiir tiiwkA m«v he n^fum-d m till' n-siilta 
of Mnrkbntii'§ luiliiury lifr^, HHiiiirlv.'ltoiioiir 
iahi* IVrfrclion. orn Tivn.ti»HiiH^Hiinnwida- 
tiiiii of . , . Mciiry. Karle nftJ.xeiif •rd. Ilriirv, 
EarlKcifrtnMlhnmptmi. Itnhert.KarltofKssfs, 
Mid . . . llithcrf Ikirtiic, l,or(i Willoiiekhv 
of KM>h[i.v'( 1 &}i\ : ■ Tin- Soidd icrit Accid<-ru-f. 
or ATI IniriJ'Jiir-iimi iiiln Miliiitrv Oixciidino' 
(W25): 'Tlii-S<n]di.T'j. ("iniiiimiir" ( liC<i-7, 
l({39._ia lwi> |»irt*.>; nnd ■ Tli.i Siddii-r'* 
ExCTCiK^, in ikrt* Ixjoks' (lft39, Srd rdii. 
IQih. Mnrkhain's -Vox Militis,' lfi2r>, i» 
& rviMUfi of Biirnaky Uicb's 'Aknuii to 

fievi-nU hiiriku, wlince aiillii>r« wrnle under 
the inilitilit .1. M.. (i, JL.'ir I. M.. hnvt' b"?pu 
iloubtfulty awigm'il in Ji-rvii", (litrvnuc, or 
r^rvia Markhiini. Aitmutf }hi-u\ iji'.\ HfidlJi 
lo the tientlmnauly Profetwioti of Svrvtnf- 

HKm.or thi) Snrvitig UAn*ii Cntnfort.'liondon 
(by W. W. 1,1*98, 4tO. 'Th.- F.jiulle tu the 
Uonile Keadw' Im here Misroed J. ^, but the 
writer d«ecnb«a the work as 'beinf; prima* 
gvniti— tbefint batch of tnybftkioff:' and h 
MarklitLm lisd published much b«?are 1S96, 
it iieciii* iiiiliki-lv thnt ihiti book nhnuld bv bjr 
liim ((ViLiiEit, */?.*;. Cnf, ii. .3:i«-»i. 'Con- 
ceytod lAriiuv*. ui'wiy Inyd" ojji-n; tir « nicwt 
eieelk'nt bundli? at iii>w wit, whoHn iit knit 
lip tOffsthi'T aJL the perfi^r^LioiiM or arte of 
hpiateling,' 1«18. Ito, Itf'ii!, ltJ38, has a ^re- 
Cwe figniKl 'I. M.,' and may ^'M be by 

.Viirklinm mnrriiid h daughter of J. 0«la- 
tbi>r]i, liiit no i>hildn>n nrrt rccnrdfld. Ho wm 
buriori at St. (iilr/t, Cripplcgnt^, on M F*h. 
163(S-7. A portrait of him wiw ongnvcS by 

T. t>088. 

Markliatn hai ho^n MsfuRsd. amonff otbcra 
by Hume in \ui ' llietorr of England,' wiih 
lixery ilistAnt coiiTienion.Ueri'uft- Markham 
n{ I>imhara, Ni^cringliikm»b>rti,p«<rhajM6cn of 
John MnikhnTn of King;* VVnhlen, BedfOKl- 
ibiw; {MS. Ilarl. l>l«fi, f.fiL'l.whoen diwe- 

fuiabli) qimrri'U gave btiu ikii avit notoriety. 
ri loS7 he had a (iimrrcl with Str John 
Holies, ftiid oil 11 Nov. U11A wua Baud 600/. 
in the Slar-chambf^r fi>r i^endln).' a challcoga 
10 Lord Unrcy. He died iu l*'<iS*\ aud livd 
biiri<;d under n fine nionumeat in Liiui;hani 

[Tlryilcrp'ti Ci'ti^ara Liti-mria, paasiin : Ijuig* 
Iminc* Draiiiiilic Puut* ; Brvd^-ma Jt«atilnta, ii. 
4(IP, Uuiiler'a Chorus V'.ituTn^MS.Addit. 34491. 
(.2*6); 1 IcBj* Bi.iB Chn-nick-of the EiwIiBit 
nranu: ttiibir's King. Drnm. ; I.,oii(ri.Wi> Kibl. 
Miinitid (Itiiliii) : Urit Mus. Cat. : Dr. Groaan'* 
Memoir in Ids fdilicii or Oi-rvam'x Ivci swprad 
pMms.J C. R. M. 

MARKHAM, Sir OltrFFIN (Ififtl?- 
1S141'), MildicT mid corwpirtituri tiom about 
l-*it!4. wn» tht: eldmi (if ihn twrlio nnn* of 
Tiiomas Miirkhatu of OUerrun, N'litiinirhnm- 
eliirc, and Kirlir IJi-IWs, Lt-ice^tt^rHkirK, by 
Morv, llic hrirt'sa of Kyce Griflln of Bnv* 
bruoKc Find Dingier, Northamptonshire. Ila 
wiiN n (imt cinuin of Robert Markhnm (J 
Oot.iam, the fntluT of Fmncis nnd ffenas*, 
whii art- »(i[iiinilrdy iioi icd. Sir firirtin's 
ftilher wiiB liiali »ti-»»nl of Man^Iield and 
sinndnrd-beari'L' to tjiiei-n Eliiah-llj'i hnml of 
geiillemen pL'nsionerv Same of hinhnithm 
gave gn-at trouble to ikeir father by b«Couio; 
reriiKiinta. Koberr. the Beooiid,weDt over to 

firilllii nfrvfil «« n volunteer under Sir 
Fniiicia Vrn- in th" NetlivrUndK. and he 
was n\ ih& nie^e of rironiuifti in ITi'M. He 
waa afterwardawitblbe liurlof Vj-At-x bofors 
Kouen. when be received the Imnour of 





bgifbtbood. For an ■i4&nc>>wliti>h iIim* not 
W|mr to be ept>cili<;-l hv wii« continHl in 
tM QatsbouM- lu \h&6, nnd then; bk »vv<-ral 
Ivtlm from him at tbut lime prc»ervvd at 
liatfield. Ilr watf kk-ii ivlriiMid. In 101)7 
hv weal to !>i>aiu. Bud cvlumed with iwwb 
of tliF MiliiiK of s S]i>tui«li Itrft. lie oe^ins 
to likvi! lM«ti turbuloQl and rcsTle^. When 
ibeKwlof E««c\'wii*h>-nt to Ireland in U>!Ht, 
HaridwiD (•<n--.-d iind-T liim in rotniniLnd of 
all thccavnln- in C'lnmiughi. 8ir John IIui^ 
tngton vmtn "I" Iiim ns n soldier wrll a<- 
(|tiaint'*d with Iwth tlin tliMirv rtiid unuTlicti 
t>f war. (hi 1I1H aiivswtmiir Janit* f, Mark- 
ham iKcanic C(iniii«r«t with the conitiiiracy 
tiaTiiur tiv ila objofit the acceaeiou oT Am- 
fadl* Stuart to tht* throne. Ife was apprr- 
fcmdM in Jul; 1003, at tho samr timr no 
. fir 'Walter Rnletgh, Lords Ottt and Coblinm, 
WalKMJ % print,and wom- ntlirrs, Thu pro- 
clamatiim fiir bit ancM descritinl him a^ ' a 
nan with a lnrfi« bmnd he; »{ n h1t-ak cnin- 
pIciioQ, a hig ■>'»«, an<l ona- of hi^ hands 
maiioed liya shot of a Imlliet,' The lawwra 
made out two branches n( the [tlot. called 
fabv iwMiring m ihi- trial, wliirh io»k pliifu 
Bt Wincbwli>r in NoTcnilHT. Mnrkhnm wiw 
■OCUMd of having bar'n concitniHd in thi* 
*Bj«'plot. H^conrnuml that hu bad yit^ld^d 
to ibit pMMUMon* of Watson, the print. 
At) the piiMuierB wcrv ranvict«d nt hi)[h 
irvajnn. Jtm»k» and Wiit!4onwen>ete«ul^. 
On 9 Iliv. .Markham was bmii^ht out tn a 
■caffoM in frcmt of Windu-nti'r CmUlo, but 
i*M U h« wax nnitini; bin li>'n<l on thrblnirlc 
fan wa» oti1p(mI by ihi- shiTifT to ri*«, and 
WM l«lli*eI(iiiioiV'yi*ai balluf tli*ca«lfl. 
I»fd* (jTvyandCobliam VL-roin.'ated exactly 
in tb« damp way. It wii« ilien pTocIaimed 
by thvshenlflhnt the hin^ had gninled them 
tht'ir livf«. On tho ITith ihr liTiMinen w«i» 
mnandrd tn ihti Tnwi-r. MnrKbam wnsban- 
inbad. and hi* i-xtalM cuiiliH'ated. Ho hnd 
narned Aiuxt, dau|thtrr of F<rior Rom of 
Lasion, but had no children. He went lo 
tfaa Low CannlnM,wher«. in Kebroanr 1609, 
hefougbt adu^l with Sir^^raiind Baynhnra 
• opon disoonr^ about tha Powdpr I'Inl." 
In tlw anluran nf that ywir XlnrltUam'n vrift- 
OfMUud rotaninnication* with iVod, in tbn 
bepa of jfftiing a pard<Mi for brr huibnnd. 
In 16U* !>•■ vii* in oommuQiontian wiib th>i 
Eaglub *nvfty Trumbull at Antwerp | Wix- 
WOOti, Mt^vriai', ill. Ml'). Markham ivrts | 
in closA corr«u|>ond^nrc< n-ilh Iteiiiilii^u, th« I 
e««niCar^ to the Kn|;li>h embn#«y nt I'liri^, ' 
larwardinK him mrorinaiion ijf Tarintiii kind*, 
and in one of hi* InllT* Im njinak* nrhnviiu; 
Ti>it«d«er«rnlQr thoCi^rmnn courts. Mark- 
hun wu living in March 1043-4, when ho i 

wrote to tb« Marquif of Newcajtb) from 
Vienna, regrtltin; that bis aire precluded 
him from fi([htinir for Chsrlwt I (Vol. State 
Ptif^rt, l>»m,, lOU. pp, 3.1. 45, 4(!, 61, and 
Stt). Nothing- fuitlivr la liin>wn of him. Uis 
hri>lb«r William ■ispi^t-'d in th» act«inpted 
tteupe of Ladv Aratwlla Jjiuart froao the 
Tuwtr in 16ll.and died in l«17. 

ThcrijWQ pedigree bi^iagin^tothc present 
nritcr.drawn for Markham l>y\Viliiuui Cam- 
dru.thu C'InnMiceux killg■^^fB^m^, on vellum, 
in-i.Ove fcK long, with 1<*>5 iihieklii of arnw 
eiuhlatoiitd »ti it. The laleal date un iLii 
pcdi^jree is Itiir, and Camden died iu 1^3, 
so that the pedijrree must liavB been drawn 
hi'twcon thoea datc«. The dates nro re- 
ferivd tn r^ians of Ocrmnn L-nipcrars inflt«id 
uf Knglioh liin^; it w«i perhaps propared 
10 ansi»l in Kniniitg Markfinm an oroer oT 
kaiKhthood or itlhcrdietini.-liun at a Ot-rman 

(Tlicrti i-i nil a.Mount uf tho trial in thn Stat* 
Tnali. Hoi rtttnaev* iti the Calendar of StAt« 
Pajiera (Uoiiiratic'i, 1M3. .Man/ rofnraDMH l» 
the |<nofelin|fi< of Markhiin occur in lhf> C*i«il 
CarrtapandeiK'vat HnLft«l(l. including fits letter* 
[romBnuwb in ie07-B-9. pmyingfornpardun, 
iu SirDwfltrOarlclon'aLctitn.ani] in thel^uM- 
downo and Uarlrian Cc>llec(ioB--<. Tho lettvn to 
Urnulifu from Uii»r>lclorf, 1610- 13 -23, and naw 
in thn Diikii nf ItackinghaiEi from ILrtiHbon in 
16'i3.arv among tba L^rtDdnsne Ut>& Unrk- 
ham** redlgrvo i% in I'roe. .'^ue. Aoliq. 17 Nu«. 
18Ji9.1 C. B. M. 

MARKHAM, JOIfN (.1. 1109), ju%o, 
cnini' <>r u fniiiJIv li'Uff «Pttleil in a vilja^ of 
tlifll nnmti in ^(lt(inl^11^tllElli^^ and for tvra 
fr*ntfr8tio.ns eKiw-ly ccmnifiii'd with Ihi' law 
[Voi!»,Juitffeirf/JSn!/l/)nil,i\A7'J). IliKfathar 
wn§Iloheri Mnrkbnm.a «crji'iint-ul-lnwnnd»r 
E<I«rar<l III, and his niotlinra daufrbtvr of 
Sir John L'lUiiiton. Markham ii aaid, on no 
vi'rj- g(«)d anthupicy, 10 have ivceived bia 
Ifgal educjitiim a! (irayV Inn, and became a 
king'it M^riiMul in l.'{»U(ilt.) He waa made 
ajudg«of the common pl^ai on 7 July I3W}, 
and aat on the bench until Fcbniaiy UU8. 
MflTkbam was ehoaen aa on* of 1I10 Ipitfit of 
|u>t :i ions in the two parliaments of 1397, arid 
m tho*(t of Henry IV, from ItO] (o 1407 
{Jiot. Pari. iii. S3S, ;UW, Jo."., 4-«, «:», W6, 
nH7, (Jini). H<» WBK a mi'mlicr of (be cooi* 
niLi»ion whcW'- advi*'!- Hi^iirv of I,Aticaaler 
torjk, in S.-jitfmbpr i:«>ft, as to ih« manner 
in which till! clitinf-v of dynast V fbould be 
earrii-d iiut, and which at iiiu'i' iu tlir monw 
■iig of SO t^ept. received Itichord'a rvnuncia- 
ti"n of the crown in the Tower {ih. iii. 416; or X'sXiV. .11). Hi>' name diMM not 
appmr on th« rolUof parliamunt among thone 
of tli« Mven commiaeionm who next day 




pponb tt BBBJ wiii«iici- ii]ii)ii lUcliuivl III tliu 
uune of |iiLrliuiuoiit [Hat. J'arl, iii. -1:^-), but 
Cbu'f-jiuticu Ttiiruiii^, iii aunoiiiipiiic lliv 
ecutt'nw to Ricliurd on Wlioll' of lil» iL-ltow- 
conimiMitncn* nu WrcliK'*(ky, In Oct., nm- 
mtniU'd Mnrlilinni ninaiig tlum lifi. i". li-l ; 
KxKiHTON, in DcYtii firri]ift>rfi; \\. iTliO ; 
ChnM-iqu/t tU la Tntxmm el .VnrI tie Hirharl 
Dewr, td. "William*, p. 2lfi>. Murkkiun i* 
doubtfully slated to Iiare Wen the judge 
wlio is credited with hnrin^t sent I'rince 
Henry to prison (Fkascis M-iKKitAM, .Vanti- 
scn'pt Ilufoiy uf the Family, ICiCKi; nvv «rt. 
G*J«ci)iiiS8. r>iK "WiLMiM). lU-iiriiiu from 
tlin ))>>ur:li, it would »H(<n). iti I4<ks, he tlii-d on 
SI IliiK. \Wd. iind wtw biiritid in Mnrkliiun 
Cliurch, wIiiTu lii» moiiumi-iit Ntill n-iiuiiiiJi 
(FoM, V. 17.1; FiiiSrrri. viii. ."jfH). By hi* 
flnt wU'e, KUzabeili, dauglitcr ol Sir JoUn, 
and »ister nnd coheir of Sir Hugh Cressy, 
he hftd a son Itobert, anceslor of Willitim 
Markham, archbishop of York i"7r-li*07 
fu. v.], and ojt[wir«;nrly nlen Ui» enu John {4. 
14-711^ whfi iH Ki-p:irnri<ly iiitlicd, nllhnii^li 
NOmi' mniirm iiiithdrit it->t niu1(<' MitrliHum'ti 
Kut^ond wifr, Millitwit, n-iibm- of Mir Nii!h»- 
Ibb Biirtluii, (uid dftuglitiT and <!i)hi'ir of Sir 
Jahii Heherinfl;*, liis uiothi^r. Afti>rh^rhus- 
band'-idcalhsDo roamed SirWtDiam M«riu^, 
and di<?d in 1419. 

I J (I forma I iou kindly »iip}>li<J by C. li. Hiirk- 

hinii, rwj^.i Cn. ; Rj'ijiBi''* FusKini, oriKi"'*! "■!-, 

Oa^igmve'i Chron. p. 21% un<l Ihr ItliiHiribuH 
Hcnrlci». p. 1]3; Adum of L'ak. iil. Mnundo 
Thampfun ; Tlinmton'n Noiiingliiinii>hir>, ud. 
Tborrabj; other uutbarilioi iu Ibo tost.] 

J. T-t. 

MAKKHAM.Snt JOHN U. ]47!H,chier 
justice ©I" Kii^kiid, wa« tli* sou of tli« pce- 
cwdinK bv eitlii^r biit Kr»l: or soroiid wifo (I'oe^ 
Jutiaet, \\. -ilH. I'rauciB Miirkham [q^ v.] 
iu hifi maniifCTlpl 'Illstorj; of thi? Family, 
written in l(Jtl6, Thirottm in hi» 'HiiUirj' of 
Noltiiiphamshtn-' (iii, l'30,4]").und Woilun 
in liiv ' BurunctiiK^',' duscrilW hiui a» t]i« 
Hon <>£ \\ic ni't'iind vrifi-, bui tlic writ of diiwur 
wliicit hUc briiu^ht in 1410 jLKainat 'John, 
son uud hfir of In-r bu^bnnil by hia wifi; 
Blizubi'th,' sft'iua Iu point tbo otlier way 
{yeur-IlMfi. U' Hen. IV, fol. i'). His vx- 
trt'tue yciulb when hijt fiitticr difd, liuw- 
fvcr, inalirs it nlin<(.'<t tiTtiiin llifit lit: wii-< 
a son by th"- smsnd ninrrit|i,T, Hi' diu-n nui 
fippi'ir iH nn adviii'iilt- nrilil I4>ll), liiivin^* 
Bluilii'd llif Inw, (U'o>nliii|r \a a donbtfiil 
nutliiirity. ai (iniy'i* Iiin (Foss, p, 'tl2>. At 
EiwIiT 1-l-tO he wa.1 made a scrjcnnl-nl-law, 
■erved the king in ilint ca]»city. and on 
CFeb. 1444 n-aa raised to n scot on rbi' liiiiii'A 
l>ench. In the siibHuqiient troiiblKK. thoni^b 
he probably took no active imrt, hn una 

populur with Uic Yorkinto. Ho and lilniddcr 
urotlitrr UobiTi wi-r« hiiih made knif;btti of 
the Iliilb Ql tbi! coronuiion of Edward IV. 
In (.JctoU-T l4'i0 he rtproved an enemv of 
John I'asloa for thy inJuriM done to I*b#- 
lon, atid for ' ungoodly {irivati' lifp (I\utoH 
I^tim, \. IW). On till) acccMi<ui of Ed- 
ViixrA IV' lir wmh iinnii'dintidy pniniiilvd to 
theolHc't of cidi-f Juilioi! nf tlir kirk')! Iwitch, 
13 May I4ttl,in pTncn of Sir John turtiwcus. 
IIl- Tas crvdiiml wiih hu-ituic jirocurwl a 
Imicbihood for Yidvericiti, 'wlio IiaiI lolcbd 
to nnvv ben chef jiitre,' to console him for 
his dimppoiutment {iti. ii, 14). On 2^ Jui. 
140H Mnrkbam wjis euperseded bv Sir Thi^ 
ninx Hilling (Ftisit. |i. 44'J). Fultvrt H'or- 
fAirf, bk. ii. p. 2t7), wbn (■niipb'n biin with 
Fo^te!leut^ as faini>i» tVir hi» iniiiartiBlitv, 
tells LIS lliui, ibi! hiii^ di:-|irivi>d hiin of lus 
office beoauBu he diret'teii a jury iti ihi! ease 
of Sir Thomas Cnoke.Bccuaed of high troasoD 
for lendiDjf money to Martfnrat of Anjou 
(July 14lWi, lit Jind him pudty oidy of mis- 
prision of l.ri'iuiiin. MriHiliriiu ci-rtainly prv- 
«id(id un Mil- nin-iitiim in ipi'-^tliDii, and bis 
rt'UOt-al chwcly fothiwi-d it (W II.I.IA» WoU- 
UES"JER.p.TSO;' d. KABTAK.fid. El! i«, p. HSB). 
Sir John Markham iheti kid down the 
maxim of our jnri>iprud«'nce tbat * a anfaJMt 
may arrest furVrijatum, the kiaff etnnot, fiu 
if ilio nrrpKi Iw illntral thp paity baa 00 
Temndy ngninaT the tcing' (lUtlAJI, Cottttt- 
falional JfiAtrny, i. r.iS ; SlAciruiT, Ettay*). 
lit- ia suid to have won thn nniu« of IIm 
* upright judpi',' uitd Sir NtchnbiH TKmclt- 
inoFton, when ou bif' trial in 1 'xVI, urni-d tlu> 
chief jiUitict- 1o incliut! his jodtimrnt uftiT 
th« csanipio of Jud;;r.- Murkbnui aud ulhon 
who «'*clicw?-d corrupl jiidjjwi^oU {•'iitite 
TriaU. i. W>4). 

Mnrldiam epunt the rrd of hiii lifi^ in re- 
tircmiinl al S-jdecbrnok TIiill, I.incolnshitc, 
^s-bich he bad inlitrriti'd from his fatbor, nai 
dyinic t.hi>n; iu li7&, wua burtud iu IIh- pftriob 

Uy hifi wife MftrfcareE, dauchter and co- 
beiroBs of Sir Simon Lekf of Coitam, Noi- 
liu^hani^birif, be hrnl a aon Tiiontaa and a 
daii^rlitr]- Klinnbcih. A dewandaat of Sir 
Jt)lm JUrkbiiin wns cnntrd n baronet by 
(niiLrlf.- I in ltU2. Tbirlillr bccjirm- extinct 
in ir"a tWorrox, iiaronetfi$ie,\i.tSiiOi Fcss, 
iv. 414). 

[In fur 111 u 1 10 11 kindly supplied by 0. R. Uark- 
hnm, I'Mj.. C,B. ; Willimn Wotvrat** in Slcrea- 
i>on'a KnKlish Wiir* in Frnnce (Jti>IUSor.). vol. 
ti.; I'Mum Liltrr*, <"!. ndrJnM, li. 127, IS8, 
144; Holinahoil's Oimaiolc; StAw'a Anna!*; 
KiilUr'i Wurihiea. cil. 1302. and Cliureb Hia.; 
Yoat'a Jiiil^ iif Knitland, oil. 184iU&l : llurb> a 
Exiiact Baronet Hfio.] J. T-T. 


Mark ham 


Mark ham 

aiARKHAM. .lOTIS (1761-1827), «d- 
it]ini1.t.'<:on<l Minnf Wil!i«ni Viirlilikin [q-T.], 
archWIuip iiC Vurk, hy Sinih, dBiightwr of 
Jolin OixlilBnl, w» Ihihi in WiTxiuiiiiMer ou 
13 JiUM 17(51. Al the Mj^v [>f eiiihl he wits 
MOB toWtuluiiiialirr Schonl. nWn* he waa 
nadet ihe speciiil olmrpre of ^^ illUuu Viiic*iit 
[q. T.l, author of ■ Tlie IltMorj- of the Com- 
merce and NnTJ^linn of tli« Andenl».' In 
ItloTvb 177''! he "iitfr"!! tlif? imvy on Ixuinl 
tfan llomiipr, witli ('n|ilaiii It. K. KLphiiiftonw 
^■fim'anli Lonl Kcilli) [q. v.', unit in li<-r 
umiIh ■ vovi^i" to Keufnundtititii. In March 
177Clw followed £l[>hitiBioui< loiUo Pvrseua, 
BoiD;^ out lo join Lord llou'e nl Now Vork. 
ODthewftrsbec^ptiiredHcouplenf AmiTican 
privat<>en, in one of u-hicti Markhnui n-ne Mint 
ac |<rii<>-n]iui(>r, willi • crL>w of four int^n. 
Guinjr tn th? Wtist In(lii>)i in Fobruiiry 1777, 
tbu Pvnmti cajiturrnl MimTbi-r [iriTuUi^r, to 
whieb RgKin yaaog ^[■rkltum wa« luuit aa 
|irue-iiiut«r, and a tbinl time, in Mav. \uf 
rrtA appointed in a lik« capacity to a Uif^e 
noTvbaBt-ehip, tapliirodon tbo const of Caro- 
lina. He bad tritii him fmir men and n boy 
Croiu tbu F^nciu, mil four of the pri«onci*«, 
&BMnctui>(«d Krvnclinvon, tn AKtiu in work- 
inff tbe i>bip. Ihiring ii violi-nt rali' Ihn tliip 
KpnuigalMl(,aBd bfcain* watcrlogi^'d. Hie 
EoglUh w«iB«)it, powinji ittftra^n^, ^t dead 
oa tber beet could, iiltn<.-ked .Miirkhitin, wlio 
was nt tb^ belin. lie »uccooOcd, b«iwov«r, 
in Wattit)(lhtialAlaw. Tlie fihiii, Iiio,lb<>iigb 
WAl*-rIiitifpNl, w»a Udrn witb iiiim'L-«tav<4, 
and k<?jA afloat unhthircrcnwrrcrvscnodbjr 
a pauiiu vcM^I. 8^iii>- m<'Dt)i* UKt Moik- 
lioin amri-din Knaluad, to Ktid bi.i fumily in 
nouniin^ for liito, lUphitnlvuti bB^t■1|{ vrrll- 
teu tbat liv Imd rerlmnlv Utii lo*l nilb lb« 
ohip. In Uun:b 1779 lit> vttut apixtiutud to 
tbe I1uirni3,and in July wae iiiorvd into tbe 
Uocbuck, wilb Sir .\ndrw Snapi.' IlaiaotKl 
[^. v.], in wbich he rvtumvd to Koilli Amfr- 
nco. llnniond nppnintoi] liim ncting-lieii- 
(mant.iUKl in Mny ir.*^.) Arhiitbiu't, tn nboni 
htt had piivati! inlnHhiclintitf, and wlio bad 
Itaiatnl luA Aug on boanl during tlio aii-i^ of 
Cbarlpftton, pive btiu a romuiiA^itm a» first 
lirtitcBonl of che Kocbiiclf. In .\tiTil K?'] 
be was moved inio tht- Hoyul f>ak, and in 
Angiiet Adminil firn^i-:^ look him ii-« fint 
licuimaot >>f ibr I.ond<>n, bii flnpbip[»rf 

nilATIM.Tlll>IIAII, l^1HD liKiTKSl. 

faoUlp iijrf'npi' l!i-nry on ."» Sept., mid nfter- 
wardi iAi?nt to Jamaica, where, iu Marcb 
IiP:;. iSir I'ctcr farker promdlcd bioi to 
OOmtaaBd the Volcatio liri-«!iip. Tit May 
HodntiT noted bim to lh« Z4ibm floop, and 
sent him ouftocruiM ofTCspe'nhuron. On 

22 May Im IVdl in witb a brig Hrinir a Fnmch 
enai|in. IlncliHH'd tier, and was fust gaining 
ou ottr, wlien *bt- boinicda union jncknt tliB 
fore. NTarliliam aupp(i«d thnt thin wim n 
Bi|pia1 tn a iiuall rrafl in coiuiiany. and m 
tbe motions of Ili« brij( were iillitirwijie auo* 
pici<Jtii>. he tirml into her. It ihuu aiiiioored 
that fhi.' was a cartel, and me^ni tbv kuRliiili 
jjir.k fiir H Ibi^ of truer. Uii the caiuiilaint of 
tbi'I'rynch lii-iit<-nniil in cominnnd, Markham 
WHS ir!tH3 hy r»url •martial anil rn«bivn>df 
but Uiidney, rvviii-wiD))' ibi! vvidonee, re- 
instated bim oil his own aiitbority, and tbu 
king in council, on tbe report of tbe ad- 
oiiTalty, completely restored him, 13 Nov. 
He recrirwl (inlf-pay for tbe time, June ta 
Novctnhi'r. llmt lie was out of the service, 
bJidonS Jan. 17H3 was promoted to tbe mnk 
of pDM*cutilHin. 

From 17^ to I7>«J li« crimitiandi'd tbo 
Sphynx in tbu Meiliterraneaii. Hr. n-nit tJmn 
on half-pay for mxen years, during which bo 
travelled m France, in Sweden, in RuMio, 
and in Nortli America. In Jiin<> ITO^ be was 
appoinl«d tn the blonde, in which, after a 
few montb*' sori-ico in fheChannel, he went 
out to th,' W€»t Inili,'* witb Sir Jnbn Jervis 
(Q(V>rrwar<i« Earl <,( Kt.V iiicmt ),otid I ookpart 
in the rediietiinof Marlinii|up. The Illondo 
was then eont homL' w-iih lUiiMil^^bM, and 
dtirinj;t!)i>"iimnier-n'a«ntl*chod to the >aiia- 
dronuii<l,>r AdmimlGedTK'e Montagu ^<).v.\or 
cruising lininn^' the ObaiincI Islands saiToa 
tito l''r<-iich r»a>l. In Aui;u»t. Markhaia waa 
movi'd into tbe Ilunnilia], sad in Mav 179^ 
vrnn uguiii M-nt out to the WlvI Indies, 
wbi;re lif wiiai met hy tin; »ad Dews of tbo 
ileatli of a di-arly luvvd Tom^txir brother, 
David, colonel of tbu 20th rvtiimvni, alaiit 
at FOTt-BU-lVince un 2t! Mandi. The t)hi>clc 
was very ^nval, and owinjc tu ihv terriblo 
fclcknces at IVrt-ati-lVince, ulloal a& well as 
ashore, Uic wurk was excc»iv<-. In Novem- 
ber h« was Invalided ; morv thiui<-<iic-rourth 
nf lbs ahi])'.-! cnmpnny ilivd, and ant^her 
f<turlh wn.'* in ht,.^pllal. 

In JJarch )7i>f .Markhani cnmmiminBed 
llu-Ontnur at Wooln-icb, and dnrint; the 
fttllowiiif; lunntlia hni un manyciiiiri.—manial 
on lh>- rni;;l(.'iid(.'r^or the mutiny at tbeNore. 
Ilodid not etc tu sea till ticpl ember, and 
wii^ ih^'H i-niphm-.! diirinir a aturmy winter 
on ihi-Niiiith connT of Irrbitid. In May b.9 
nniW uailiT tlte noinmand of .Sir Itomr 
Ciirti* to join l^wd fir. Vinrrtit, otf Cadti, 
St. Viiicml'a rule woa at all limm M'vrm, 
and especially ao durinft tbe blodnd* (I rCadii. 
There liad 1)«en some cases of fe?pr on board 
tbcCcniaiir.and thesnr^rou of tbe floffshij^ 
who was Mml Iu examine into lhecau«e, re- 
portod tlut tltey wera due to 'the filthy 




condition of tbe woollen oiothiag.' St. Vin- 
ccni tliBreon ordered, amonc othor meuiiToe, 
tlio iTrtftUen ci<ith»to ho tlirown ov^rboArd. 
.Mftrkhftii) n^mfnatnvti'il, (lottV'ift 'li" triilli 
«f I hi- nlli-gfttion ri'ipcoting tin? woolli-n 
ctolliing, ntiil iin Htifrv covti-»jm«iJ<'iiW! fol- 
lowed. Huvingcjimi-dhispoinl.St. Vincent 
bow Murklinm ni> (fruditi?, iind nootlied hi* 
won tkdisl fLvliTLf^i l>v Hi^ Dili lie li>iD ou di;tit«Ii*^d 
service under Ojiuiuudure Uuckworlli [q, v.] 
to CApture Miu<>reH. 

CWtinuiii;; one of ibe ModiT«mLnoan flecti 
tliv CcniQUr tooli part in tlio vain cluisc of 
till! French ntiiiid th<- Mc-diicrraiionn iiikI 
bucit to JJn:nt, in May-.-\ngii»t ITW, but 
wkeu Lopil bcilli ret iirncd III Ilia iilutiou, ibv 
Ceiitmir ivuit Ji-ft In juiri ili« ('luiurn't flt.-wt, 
ttad to take purl in t!iL- bloi-kiidL- of Brent at 
onci>, uuder ihi' comiuaiul uf Liinl llndjiort, 
Fkntl tlifi nexL Tt;ikr under tlio mun' striuj^uni 
govcTnincnt of Lord St. Vincont, The two 
mi-n hiid, however, lonriil to iiiidur^tnncl 
iindi (iIIiit; Miirliliiiin L-nrdinlly cfi-o|K'nir<ti 
with fiL. Vim-inil. ; mid wlini, iii I'Vlininry 
ISOl, Si. Vjiici'iit whb Hppiinli-d llrr.1 lunl 
of ibe miiiiiralty, he wdpi^n-d Mitrkhutu un 
ona of his ciillcaifLii:^ at ihe iMnril. I'Vjr the 
next three yiiai"s Marltham's CAn>er wm iden- 
lifi(^ with St. Vincent's. In Novemher, on 
ihf dciith of T.nni Tliieh Si'ymoiir, he wm 
i*turnwl to jmrlininent tiy Portsmouth, nnd 
llins hi;(?iiiii'' llie ri'])ir«i'ntH.I ivu of the iid- 
miratly in Uie T[<m*f iifCmunioii», nlthonjih 
at file boani jiuiior to Sir TUomiu Trim- 
bridge [q^. v.], who wiu nol in parliameiir. 
lie retired from the admiralty withSl. Vin- 
cenl in .'Slny 1801. but retHrneti (o il in 
JiuiuHry IK()(;, im 11 eolleagiieof l^ord llowick 

[Hf- (iKEV, CHAKLKJI, M'Ciind l-'vRF. ItRKirJ, 

and aflttrwurdi* of Tliomiiii Cfn-Hvill" [i[. v. J, 
till March 1MI7, whtn in- iirneiiejilly rfiin-il 
from pnblie life, thnu^^li he njiitiliiiml lo ftit 
in parlinineiil for l*orlBniouib till 1820, wild 
one short break from lr*I8 to 18m In 1§26 
hid fnilin^f heiiltti rciiu[iellei] him In ivtire 
ultnip'iliiir, I In win (irileTeii (« winter ill u 
milder elinjnlr. Hi- Iiif^ F.iiftlnnd in ?^-|iteni- 
biT, anit. t riivi'll infi liy ffwiy i*tjii[i«, n'tichiil 
Nanleti in Jniiiiury ]i*2T. Hi- iSi-d Chen) on 
IS Veb., nnd wm tlieri> buried. 

Aceordiiiff to Sir VVilliam llntliam [q, v,}, 
thnrc wiijK an ii[i|)eiirance of niotvkseneBsnbotit 
Miirkhain.Hi.'HjiitebiH not (ible private virt ices. 
'Tli'iugh he jitnl Nfit many opportunities of 
dintiuguisliinfrliioKidfjiliftwiwjft veryjealoun 
andiitteniivc (jUicc-r. fliiincquiuntAnrii with 
Lord Lan»dnwDe hrnijcht him iinliiirolly in 
coniieelion with Lord St, Vineenl, of whasb 
admimlty board he wsb the elfieieut member. 
. . . HewaNVer^rrt-eervedunduneonimuniea- 
tivolnoTGrytUiiif connededirithpublicnewfl 

vhile JK offlee. and mj veii«TabIe ftiend, hi* 
father, used to in^ tli«t he never got «o little 
Tiflvn.1 new6 from nn^'body as the lord uf llui 
fldtnimlty. Thoiigfh his COn 11 tenancy WM 
tnom slorn, aad hi* fii{iinr<in no veny &0|ro<>d, 
he bnrn 11 ftlrong ro<i<.;inbUnoi> !<■ th« Ai«b- 
hidhop.' Ilcmarrit.-din 17iHiMaria,dAUfrfattr 
of Georsv Iticc and the fSaninci^ I'ynovoT. 
She dice! in ll^IU, loavinj; i.i.«H3 tlir<-e coiu 
uud a diiufhler. Their \ouii^-tt soa, Frv 
d«ricli, & distiuKuisli(*d Ludtau dvldi«r and 
spirlfiiuau. ia separately uoiioed. 

Portrtiilaof .Nliirkliun by Iiawrannaadbr 
Bcochey, at well as miniatures copied front 
these, and n miniature of hi» wife by Mrn. 
Mee.arvinthcpcwiCMioiioftlicAuDily. Thef 
hare not hem on^rnived. 

[\ N.iral Ciirear dnrlnij th» Old W*r, lwJB||a 
N'iirriitirnof tliaLtfc-if .Admiral John Ittiirlihiim. 
i» pul'lwli»d «l)oiiymriii«ly. I>IK »* iindrnttood to 
be bv CleiLienta it. Markhniu. esq . U.8., t'.ILS.) 

J. K. L. 

MARKliAM, I;ETF.I(, M.D. (/. 1758t. 
writer oil ndultiTatiun, expoacd with souc 
fnn-f tlir nbuwnin the inaniifaoturv of bread 
during tlir KTt^ot Mnrcily of 17o*. Iliswrit- 
iiitp did intii'h to Hllraci the att«atiuD of 
parliatuent tn the Hubject, und aoiue of his 
stiftgeflt ioua were sdoiited in the aei for the 
due mahiiiif of bread (31 Oco. II, c 29). 
lie piibllfilied : I. 'Syhoroc, or ConsiderA- 
tions on the Ten Inim-dienti" uned in tho 
AdnlliTdtion of Kri-nd Fhmr and Tirund ; to 
wliicli i^ luldt'd a Plaunf Ki\lrrwi,'»tc., IjOD- 
doii, I rrjfi. >*vi>. Ileprinti'd in the same Tear 
with the iLih'. '.V BisaeriaTion on Adul- 
terated nr«ad,' &c. 2. ' A iMnal Warning 
to the Public to avoid the Deteeled Poison ; 
\mng an Exposure . . . f'lf] an Infamous 
Pnmphlft [by Henry Jnchsnn] colW "An 
KnsBj' oil llri'ad,"' Xc; '-'ntl ndn. I/indon, 
ITi'iA, 8vo. .lnclwnn*K iJiiuiphlfl. bad benn 
written in reply 10 ' Poi*wu Detected ' and 
'The Naruro of Bn-ad llnneatly and Di*« 
bonevtly Made,' published in the aame year. 

fMoiithlr Ituiicw, ITuS, ariii. 493.1 

W. A.' S. n. 

arclibisliop of York, eldest mm of MaJDr W'il- 
linm Mnrkbnni, Iiy hiKwifi) Klixab'-lli.dauBfa- 
fiT nf ( it'iirifi' Mu-fkiiam of AVitImiii [>iMfre, 
NiittinfjhiiiuKliirtv WM hnniat Kiiiiale, in the 
county of Cork, where hi* father eked out 
hiii eeiinty half-pay by keeping a school He 
yfnt baptised on 9 April 1 • 1!), and on L'1 June 
173:i was admitted tn \\V<ilinin«ler School 
as a homo boarder, In the fnlltiwin)! -rear 
he WfiA elected bend into r^llep'.and in I73H 
obtained n studentship of (Tinst Church, Os- 





Mark ham 

ferdfivlMT^lii^ ra^iHculatediii) 1Jtm« ITiiJ^v 
He tHMlu»i.-.l I1..V, on 13 Mav I"4i', J1..\. 
on ^ Marrh IT^S, BCL. on -JO Nov, 1762. 
vid IXCLoD 24 Nov. 1752. At OxfoM 
Mnrkhaia ikC(iaia->1 the Ttpuintinn of being: 
one of the brtA wliolnM of h!» timr. Tlis 
' Jndiciain l^nridifl* wmt pnhliilnvl iii tln' 
seoood rolume of Yinc^nT R<itirn«'ii ' Mituv 
Anitlinin)«>.' 1741, |ip. 277-82, wliilr srvrral 
cMlivr )>)HH'-iiiu'ai of litn I.Htiii vrvte, wliU^h 
app^oTMl in llie srvood voliimi^ of 'Carimna 
Qu»iir»gpsiniali».'Oxfiird, 174'*, Svo, were cctl- 
iM-tnl nii'I prirnldv pnnc>>(! in 1^19 and 1H20 
b\ Fmnciit Wnijialiim undfTthc mm" lilli.'. 
&MrkhAni np|n-unt lo Imvo txrKit )iiiil><«i<liil fnr 
■oma jwn< u tn wb»l {jnirf-wjun )ir alKudcl 
toOow. In 17-*);i ht WH* iiiTiTi-d tin- jkwi «f 
baad-maxter of WcnimiiiDi'T Sc-h'iul. iq sue- 
Oeanon to John Nicnll. wliicli aflar some 
hoailttion be decided tn accept. Jeremy 
BentiutD,whawiiA al WiuiiDiinUer (rom 175R 
to 1760, tbtw di'iirrilx" lil= Iiend-miuH'r : 
* OurgnaU elun witK l)r. Mnrlilmm : tm wiix n 
tall, imnlvinaB, anil" bi^ili b"li<'ld hixhcnd." 
H» married & Dntcli wmmiii. wbu brciu(;)it 
lum « Mnnd«tmbl« fartuno. lie- Imd n Inrgi.' 
qiMalit'rorcla£'>'ica.lkni:»wl<>dgV!. IliitbusinoHd 
W&B miller in^ llie grent than in 
•tt«fidia^ to the aclionl. Any excuse «erred 
lii> piirpoM for dcwrtin^ hit p-ixt. I[« bHd 
■ groat iWl of pomp, i-^pcfiidlv whi-n ht> i 
lifUyl bj< hand, 'n'ai'i'd it, and rcp<^Bttirl Latin 
vol*-*. If Ih* hityt pi«rfnrmod thfir ta*It» ' 
wll it IFM woU, if ill, it wiu i»nt the li-wi 
well. We Btood pr>>diq;iouAl^ in awe- nf bim : 
indtvrd h<f u'a« an object of adi~>rati<»i'( Wnrk.* ' 
!•/ Jrrfmi/ Uftfham. !HW, t.SO). Marlthaui 
*■* appoinli'd clianlainloti^oriTell in }7^<*'; 
«ad prirbi'ndki'vof mtrliiim on ~'-' .luno 17>M>. 
In tlw fac« of a frr>od dvol of oppojition 1)V ' 
obtained a bill iii I'oO cmpowonn^ bitn and 
Tliomaa Salttrr 'to build riou^e* and o;i>>ii a 
vquan in and upon* IVan*» VanI, Wnalmin' 
sUr (as Ow. II, c. •>! t.nnd la l7uS tlie flwt 
daatical itceued u»«d in tlit- n-'pnwntatioii of 
tha Wmniiutvr Play were presi'titwd by him 
to the acbonl. 

In a letter to the Dako of Bedfonl, dated 
U B«a. I'tiH, Maikhsm complained of ill* , 
facaltH, vliidi mndn fau 'nttendanco on ibc 
■diool reey painTnl' to him, anil naked for i 
■MutaaoG in obtainiiijr rniwn pn-rrrmdnt 
(Ottmtpamkw* '^f Juhit, fmtrth Tiukf u/ 
JS«(lW.l'M6,iii.'i47-a: awaUo tip. 273-7). 
He ntirtrd ^m cbe liMd-inastefwup, on fun 
npointiDoni to the deancrrof Rochester, in 
FsDnujy 17flC. and in the uni? i^ear was 
prBSenhm to the ricangc of Boxlojr, Kent. 
\m October 17d7 fae wu DOmiiiBtod dean of 
CbrittOliuTch, OxAird, wli«n ha rMigned the 
dcaoeiT of Roc:faesl«r. Jbf&rkliani succeeded 

l^nuind Keen« aa bishop nf Cbe^er, and waa 
coQwcraled on 17 Feb. 1771 ol the ('hapel 
Itoval. Whileball. He thetvupon resiflined 
llie Kentish liriagand b!a prebendiil etall at 
niirhnm, but conlinited to hold thr dcantrT 
of Chmt Cliiirch ui rrnnmrndam until liin pro- 
motion l^> Vork. Tliniujjh tlm inllin-Tic of 
Ills ffiMnd I.onI Mansfield, Markbnin nss 
aiij^ioiiiieil prectrpiiir to liit jiiuu;- Prince of 
NValej aiid Priiiee Fivderii-k. bishop of Osua- 
burg, nn 12 April 1771 ( WAi.riii.E, Mtiaoira 
of ihf Jiei;/n »/ fSrvrr/r Iff, 1W5. iv, 31 1), 
hut wiiH Miijdvnly iliHmi«iwl fnitn ihia {net in 
>[a)- 1770 (W*i,i>oi.K, Jnumnl of tht Iteiifa 
of Gtnrj/e III, tsr.9, li. 4»-.".l': mi- niMi llw 
Poiiliral Atnnvrftnita of FrttmU, Jifih Ihtkn 
(ff letilK Camd. [nk. PuW. \)^\. up. ii-8). 
In January 1777 ho was iRinslnteu to the 
nrehiepisciijuil see of York, appointed lord 
high alnioner, nn<l ^worii a member of the 
privv ctiniK'il. Cii 'M\ .May J777 MnrkhHni 
niphi'd 'with gnwt wnrmih'l" ihi' ntliu.-k« 
inndii iipoii biin by ihi- Duko nrilrnfton and 
Ltjfd Shidburni! fur ppi'iiL'liiiijf dinririne* «iib- 
ventive of Ibe coiwiilulion [Ptti't. Jlitt, xix. 
327,328,317-8). Aecotylinp to Walpole ho 
in 3aiil to hav<> dechiTvd on this oi^cation thot 
'though n« a CtinKtiiin nm) a bishop be oiij^ht 
to l)»ar wroiifr", tlifn' wen? injuries wiiioh 
woilUI pn>rriki<nnypjili<'iiei',an(l I hat h(',ifin- 
aul toil, ohouttl know linwlnchuiiltsoanvp'^tu- 
lanet^' {_Joui-n-tl nf the Knijn of Gfiiyf III, 
ipTiO, ii. lift). Thoric 'peniicioua'doctrini-j, 
whieli Chatham eiibsooucmlv di>nounoed in 
the llfrnw of l.ords (P^lrl. 'fhit. six. 491 ), 
wore contained in m sermon prMicbed hy 
Markbani in thn parich chiireli of St. .Marv- 
in- Bow. h"forp the SocictT for thi- Propsgn- 
lioii of the fJo^pel in l'"ori'i(tn Part*, on 
21 Vfsb. 1777 (I.ADdon,'ll>>), Markhani »i»ma 
to have been unablo tr> foi^'t thin altAclci 
and was one of the four yrvn who »tgncd 
thv VToteat ajpiinat the third rcndiae o{^ 
the UUtliatn Annuity Mill un "2 June 1778 
(Uoium*. Complete CvUetlian vf Iht PnteaU 
^ the ilvut if I/}nif, H76, it 177-8). 
While on bia way to the Houn of Lords on 
i June 1760 M&rklinm was attacked br tho 
Protestant petit ion<.'n<,und aub>i:(|u<;ntlvu<sar- 
tnK of Ijord ManaBuld'A dimp-r hi- flew down 
fruin till! comcuitlm.- room in n'h)chbewii.tnit- 
tinijj ' iiuUed tbruiirffh the crowd, and earned 
cfThu' friend in AbrHliaiu'aba*i>iii'(\VALFOLB| 
Lfltrrt, vii. '•ii*4\ Ilia town bouse at that 
neriod adjoined IfOrd Mansfield's in Blooma-' 
bury Square, and in a letter to bi« son John, 
Markham giv« a craphic denrription of lh« 
ntt4tck on Lord Manafield's hanso by the 
flordon r!iil«rs, and of liia own narrow e«caM 
frnm the violenn^ of tlie mob (Nutory of U« 
Mar/cJiam Farniltj, pp. 60-J>). Marknam was 




ft BtAUnch friend of Wnrrvn lloslmipi. Ilia 
aldntson, Willinni, n*tici ba'l bepa |trivalti 
SMKCarr to Hasting, nnd waa nftyn^'ords 
Bppointi4il rwsiik'nr tit IVimriK, rihv wiilence 
Ht llit.> tpinl in Mmv 171*:^, nml vraa crn«fi- 
axaminiKl br .Vn«lriillii.-r nml Riirkit ( FSo^td, 
£iwm^M of thr Mnnni/efK nnd C'luitiefJ in tAif 
Trial lif flarrm Hn/itin^n, I8.i9-CI.v(i). iii. 
pp. v-vi). Tlic iiit«'mp«niTo lAiiLm:>{^ whieli 
Bi[& iised in refci-oucr tn Hiirli*'? croft.*- 
eramination of Auriol on L'.i Way liO.'J (i*. 
pp. 3raiii-iv) wft" brought imJ-^r llie ni>"icw 
of thp H»ii*^ fit' Cftmmoiw hv Whitbi^nil f>D. 
1 2 Jiino folliTwing. After it (fcbntc, in ■whit>h 
Winilbftm, IliindnK, Fnitici*, DiiTkc, nnd Fo* 
took pnrt. a ipi)ti<tn f»r ftdjotimm'-nt vrim 
oarrifiJ, and the mnIU'r wiib allijwcd to 'li»p 
(Par!. Il»f. MX. 983-91), On 21 Mnrcli 
1796, nlion \\iv subjt'cl of (he present from 
tlie Nttlwb Woiircttiu)' iiudvr cou8i(I>.Tatlvu, 
MaiMiAin e:i))ri->^ieeil liis opinion of t)ie con- 
duct of iho trial in the strongest terms, and 
dedaml tkat IIutinTs hitd l;«cn 'trwtvd 
not a« if li« TCfTO! n K^'Qtlcmtui, nlio^u ciiucit 
bcfoM Tou. but. rut if jqix vroio trying a lionw 
rtunlcr^ (B(iNl), vol. iv. p. ]*i). 

Mnrklinia dirMlikt In.'hriueii-inHoulli Aiidley 
Street, I.iiniiuu.nii H Nov. 1B07, ft;,r*ddy,»nd 
was buried mi Uio lllh ot lUe same uioutli 
in th'i noftli clcii^ler of Wtstminarcr Abb«y, 
where a nioiiument was subsco'ieiitly raiaed 
to his raemorr br liie grundcbiidrtn. , 

Marlthnm ivnfl n pompon.'* nnd warro-tum- ! 
pcrod iin-lntf. wltb n tiingiiilin-ni. jin-sfrce mnrtiiil Iwirinj;. .^(N'linUHetoI)^ 
Purr bi* '[I'lwiTs iif Jiiind. n'lu'li uf t,boii[rIit^ 
ini!niiiry,liiiirniiia',!'rfKiUr!iliip,ainltii.'i!e wi-rt 
oflbc viTv I'lrM iirOfr; but I11* was iiidolpiit, 
and bi»i coitipinitiiin wBnt>>d thin powarftil 
aif^uMcia' i Iliifun/ 0/ rAf Mnrkham t'-iiiu'lif. 
p. 66). Walpcile callfi liitu '11 (lert. nrrognnt 
man' (M'fmoim qf thv tifii/jt nf Orvrrjp III. 
iv.311).nnrl iillinipK to liiin ii» that 'wnrliko 
motnipiililnn arrbhinliii^) Tiiqiin' (Walfolr, 
ZfttiTt, vii, N,)-ll, III! in wvi-itily njitinsmi 
in t3n> t wi'iitv-liml ' Prohatioiiarj Ode' ( TAn 
Jb,Uia^. 1795. [>\\ 372-80). 

Markbiiminnrrind.oii 16 JanelToll, Snrali, 
dangliti-r of ,Iobn Onddard. 11 wpaltUj* KnR- 
tish merchant of Itotlynlnm, bv wbom he 
had eiic sons— visi, (I), wlui dlM 
on I Jan.ln|.^; (:,'| J"bii i^. v.]. an ndmirnl 
of the blue in tbn niyal navy; (31 fiyiirm', | 
whii b''i-«m" tl'-an f»f York, and dl«l nn ■'iOSi-in. 
Iftfli!: M) Piivid, n lieulrtnaHt-oolmid of t b<! 
SOth rnpiiTK'nt 'if f^wtl, who whb killBd in the 
inland nC St. lliiminffo on 1'6 Mnrrh I7fl5, 
wMl' diri-'ctini; an alttirk ai^inM n frrt new 
PorT-on-Princc- : 1 51 ltohi>rt, an-hdna^rnn of 
Yort nnd reclr>r nf Ilnllon Toiw. Yorkibiro, 
wlio died an 17 July 1H:17 ; and '(6) Osbomo, 

comptroller of thi> fanrntck d^jMTltiipnt and 

M.l'. fnr Caino, *lni di.«! im T2 Oct. 18?7 

— and seven daii|;ht>^», vtx. (I) Ilhnri>^ttft 

Sarah, who inarriwl Kwan Law of EIor^tAj, 

8i]>MJt, on -Jis Jun« 1781, and di«l (sa 

21 April IKil); (-.') Kileabeth Kallirrin,v 

who iii'rfinmn ilin wic^ond vnf-y of William 

Barni'tt of I Jtt]cMit»fnd«n .V bb«v,]tuc)cing- 

hamsliirOjOii 13 ,-\pril I7fttj,and iJie>l nl Ho- 

( rt'nceon 2l' A|.ril IS20; (.I) AIi.-i« I I«rht-lte, 

wbnmnrried the Ilev, II. Ki»t