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Kennett Lambart 



^ '-. 


V ?W 

/ ■ 



A. A TilE Rkv. C»no» Ainiieb. 

(1. A. A. . . O. A. AiTKKS. 

J. G. A. . . J. G. Ai^GKB. 

K. K.A. . E. Hki((>n-Alle.v. 

n. E. A. . . R. E. Andkubiik. 

W. A. .T. A. . W. A, J. Abchbolo. 

'i. E. P. A. Q. E. P. Ahkwskiut. 

It. D-L. . . . Riciiini) ItMi»-Ki,L. 

G. F. H. I!. . Q. F. Rusaux Bibkhh. 

It. It. ... . Thk Rev. Ro.vald Baynk. 

T. B. .... TuuMAs Baynb. 

G. T. B. , . Thk latk Q. T. Bettahi. 

B. H. R. . . Thk l.itb Rkv. B. H. Blackbb. 
I[. K. D. B. Tub Rbv. n. E. D. Blakibto.n. 
Q. C. B. . . O. C. BoAam. 

G. S. 11. . . G. S. BnuuiEB. 

E. T. B. . . Mesa Btui>L«. 

A. H. B. , . A. H. Bdixui. 

A. J. B. . . AxrHirit John Butleu. 

H. M. C. . . H. Uahhbbs CaiciusTEit. 

A. M. C. . . liiai A. M. Clibu. 

J. C TnE Ret. Jaubs Coopkb. 

T. C Tboiipson Coofib, F.S.A. 

W. P. C. , . W. P. COWBTOBY. 

M. C The Bisitop OF Pktbbbobodoh, 

C. \. H. C. Mbs. .A.sDHKir Cbossk. 


R. K. D. . 

. PauFKSsoH R. K. S>>uai.A!i. 

R. D. . . . 


c. n. F. . 

. C. H. Furra. 

J. D. F. . 

. J. D. Fiiraii!&kLii. 

J. G. 1". . 


It. Q. . . . 

. IlicHAED Gabnbtt, LL.D. 

O. 0. . . . 

. GoBDim Goodwin. 

A. 0. . . . 

, The ItsT. Alixandeb Goudon. 

U. E. G.. . 

. R. E. Gairiss. 

W. A. G. . 

, W. A. Gbbesh:ll, M.D. 

J. C. IL . 


J. A. H. - 

. J. A. Hahiltoh. 

T. 11. . . . 

. TheRkt.TboxasUauiltos-, D.D. 

T. F. II. . 

. T. F. Hehiibbson. 

G. J. 11. , 

. li. J. HOJ.TO.IKE. 

W. H. . 

. The Rbv, William Hdnt. 

B. 0. J. 

. B. D. Jacuon. 

T. B. J- 

. Thk Rkv. T, 11. Juuhbtuxe. 

J. K-v. . 

. Jauks Kennedy. 

C. K. . , 

. Charles Kbht. 

C. L. K. 

. C. L. KlHOSFOkD. 

J. K. . . 

. JosBPii Enioitt. 

H. K. . . 

. Colonel Hkkuy Knullyn, R.A. 

J. K. L. 


T. a. L. 

. T. G. Law. 

1 3. L. . . 

. SlD.SBY Lee. 

' R. II. L. 

. R. H. Lxuat:. 


List of Writers. 

A. 0. L. . 

. A. O. LiTTLk. 

L. C. S. . . 

H. R. L. . 

. Th8 latb H«t. H. K. Lpaeu. D.U. 

T. B. S. , . 

JB.M. . . 

. £nbu Macut, T.I..D. 

T. S 

W. D. M. 

. The Rkv. W. D. MitaiY, B.D. 

R. F. S. . . 


W. A. S. . . 

A. U. M. . 

. A. H. MiLLAB. 

C. F. S. . , 


. Cosmo Hokkhudbh. 

L. T. a . . 

N. M.. . . 


G. W. S, . . 

0. P. M-i. 

. G-. p. MoBIARTV. 

L. S. 

J. B. M. . 


G. S-H. . . . 

A. Jf. . . . 


C. W. S. , . 

P. L X. . 

. P. L. NoiiS. 

H. H. T. . . 

F. M. O'D. 


T. F. T. . . 

S. P. 0. . 

. CiPfAm S. Pabmrlii Ouveh. 

J. S, V. . . . 

J. H. 0. . 

. TuE RiT. Canon Ovkbton. 

E. V 

H. P. . . . 

. Hkmbv Patok. 

R. n. V. . . 

S. L.-P. . . 

. Stanlei Lane-Foolk. 

A, W. W. . 

B. P. . . . 

. Miss Pobtiu. 

M. G. W. . . 

B. B. P. . 

. R. B. Pbosub. 

C. W-H. . , 

J. M. R. . 

. J. M. RiQo. 

w. w. ... 

Lloyd C. Sakdebs. 

r. Bailey Saunukuj. 
. TutiKu I^Ka'OMiii;. 
. R. Fabqiihabson SuAsr. 

W. A. Shaw. 

Miss Full Sbith. 

Hiss Touluin Suitu. 

Thk Rev. G. W. Spbott, D.D. 

Lkslie Stephen. 

Geobqb Stbonacu. 

c. w. sottun. 

H. R. Tedder. 

Phofbssob T. F. Tout. 

J. Satill Valzly. 

The Ret, Canox Vknahles. 

CoLUHEL K. H. Vetch, H.E. 

A. W. Waud, Litl.l>. 

Thb Rkv, M. G. Watkihs. 

Chablxs Welch, F.S.A. 

Wabwice Wkoth. F.aA. 






lain I 

KENNKTT. BASIL (l«-|-ir/5), inia- 
lUimiuf wrilor, Ixtrii k1 rottling, KfiiI. on 
(K.-1. tiiT'l, wsd vou&g«r brolW of Whiti^i 
icti [q. v.],biflnopof Polerlwriuffli. II? 
-''■\1 ui»d«T tbdcftra nf liU brollior 
k'nurniMPtcbool nnd inlhufamtly 
..Ham fllynnn mt. Ambroidcn. Ox- 
•liiiv. In !'!>■'!> lii^ Gtiti-rcd St. I-Jimuud 
ill, Uxfonl, undrT (W tuiti[>ii ofliin brcillivr. 
)inw Ibcn vio^nrincipal. In tUOOlie was 
t«d ■cboLar of Cof|iu8 Chhaii C«U(^ iis 
nali<re of KfDl, uxl gmdimleil 11.A. in 
i:t, M.A. iu IHiHS. In lOe; he became 
tMnw Boi) tiilOT of Coqiiit. Ili» Inaminit 
ami anwlrle qual'ilim von him ibi) rvffnrd nf 
kit |Kirtii«. In ITCHI tm wnx nnpoinlcd chap- 
lain lo rh" nntUh faciifi- b! Li--^hcini, hving 
limr to till thai olfice, Bii'] fvcvivi-d tlip 
M-of lt,l<. by dfcn.iri>f foiiV'JCBti'in. He 
at Unt muclj haradwd bv the Iuijui»ii ion, 
and bsdcotMh ibc ini«r>Mitii>ii of tW Eiif^ 
emaifrnl. DI-liMtcli. cnnood bv i£e 
Ukd biadulib* of morcitr ,(>bliir»d him 
and h« pmulwd Ibr (hi; loHt time 
.uu\7\'2 I.T, lli>ivliinmMit)m<!bywnv 
lortriKv, Koroc, ami Nujilt-*, nnd ihrough 
lO?, collect iDK boohs, sciil[)turVi aiid curi- 
ilie*. Up rcnaiaed ivtid^'iic^ nl Cnrpim 
.rlHti in 171 1, became I>.l>.,an<l during ilic 
•unfi j-esr wos-.-lncted ptvsiileiii nf hiBc>llc(p>, 
Itbouuli lir wn> 'cvnii l)i<in.' n* licnrnc-Miri, 
■ry >tektv.' Ii<'di«i nfflavt tewr on 3 Jan. 
-iriiAiJf/, MS. L'.Ulo),and wai burii^d 
iIhi mt1i-^i' rhapi'l. 

Keiui'll wiui author of: I. ' Itoion! Au- 

ux No>tiiiB, or ihc .VntiquitJus of Koine. 

. To u'bidi art^ unriUrd two Rchbt* oon- 

iitn)C ibe Itnniati I^antu^ aiid ihn lUininn 

itioo,*>*vi>, Ixiiwlon. lt£HJ. Thia nork, 

pauml thjniUf;li mnny rdilidtii. i* di^di- 

tfl ihir Dnkvof tiloumtiT. A liutch 


matUlion br W. Sciwi*! n]i|>enr<^d in pt. ii. of 
fol. 1701. 2. 'Thi^ i,ivfi nnd Ctinr(>Rl«r« of 
the Andpnt (itvcian IWls' - pi*- '*to, Lon- 
dcm, HW", nisii ditdicntcd to tlie diik.;. '.i. ■ \ 
Hriff Kspoiition of the A]tn$ll(»' UVpJ, biv 
eurdiiiE to Ititliop ruar^uii, in ii iicfw mrthod," 
ISvo, liOiV; other editions IT21 nnd I'^O. 

4. 'An Gsfiay towards B Paruphnui? on thu 
IWlm* in Vi-r*e, n'tth a Paniphniaa «n Ihn 
Third i:hnpt*rr of ihn ItoTvlationa^'^vo, l7<Hi. 

5. ■ Sr-rmonn piMnchnd . . . lo n Socirty of 
Dritiuli hli-rriinnt* in I''or«ign IVrt*,* ^vo, 
l>oadiin, 1716; 2ndcdit.,a* 'Twonif Set- 
mona,' 17S7. 

AmoD[f tlio I.iintdciwne MSS. arc tlwi fol- 
lowltig works bv Ki'iinpll : 1. ' I'oiim io 
ilMvva Anui?' (Ms. ~JJ, f. 1). U. •C'olloc- 
lion* on vanonti «ubji-cts' (MSS, 9:^4-^). 
3- -Omiio" (MS. i*27, t. 10). 4. ■ Liiwi of 
Ihn l.ntin VoH*' (MS. ("30;, !i. ■ Letters lo 
aBki^kwrll'(M.S. lUlDI. <!. ■ Noles on tho 
Churdi Coicchium' (MS. UM.I). 7. ' No[« 
on the N'uvf Testament '(MS. IUi4). 

lie tninfilaleil from iho frt-neh: 1. Iliahop 
GudeaiiV ' I'uplunil lu-ilriiclluns for an An* 
nn»l llelirenicnt of Ten Days ' 'aiion.l. hvo, 
lTO>t; ai]otli«r«idition in 'A I'l^u for.Scaaona 
of Spiriliinl iMiremtml,' IHfiO. i. rasral's 
■ThnuBhl* upon llfili^on'rnnon.", Svo, IiOJ ; 
uthf^editiDni i'-'T nnd 1741. S. Im Ma- 
crttB'a 'The I'hristion Cn*ui>t,' Sv.i, ITO-'i, 
4. ' Polities in Select Uiicoimn' of Mon*iciir 
Ualxac which he called hii .Vriaiipnui,' Hvo, 
IT09, with a prvface bv While KennHt. 

6. ' The Whole Critic«1 \Vork» of Monsirur 
llBpiii.'^^vo, 17lfi. He also helped to Inuif 
Inie l'u1fvn(lorfi>'(>f (liP lAwtd'Natutw anil 
NbUoik.' fol. 1710 (17i>U Mid I74»}, and 
Irunilnind Humee'* Art of Poolrr ' (Brit. 
Mu4. MS. AMU. 287S«, f. 17aj. HMmv 

Ken net 

stiiiei, on lUc! autliorllj' i>f Jamo* Tyrrell, 
thnt. ibo lliinl viiluniL- at Wliite Kunnett'i) 
'llisioryof E[iglu[i<),'fol. ITOii.wHsiii reality 
the vrork «r Ita^il Koonett. 
K*nnott likewise cdtleiJ Biabop VnU'* 

• Pootico,' fivo, iroi. 

[Itiogmpbin Britnnaicit: L*ni<d. MS3. Wj 
f. SG3, 9Sa r, I'lO; Konrnrn N.itn> and Cn!- 
Icctloni (Oxf. IIi«l. Sor.). ■• SS6, St>5, 31 1, 3Si. 
ti. 17^,31*0 O.G. 

bi*lio]» or i'l-iiTlHimugb, born in iho pariiii 
of St. Man, l>ovi;r, on 10 Aug. 16(111, wn* 
fon iif IU«1 KL-iiurii, M.A,, rertor of l>irw- 
cliuiL'li uiid vicur vl' Poiillini;. Ki-nt, hv liiii 
wifu Mary, bIiWi ilftUf-hl-jr'.'fTlioiiiaaW'liilf. 
& wvultliy magi^tntv nnil matter^ipwrijilit 
of DiiviT. Khar rwwring u nivliminary edu- 
mlioii at Kllinm nnd Wyn, ne viiui ptni'i'il al 
W«tiiiioiit«r ' nbovn tlio ciirt.Qin,' or in thn 
iipfx-r »ebcK)J ; but lui bu win •uB^rinjr from 
•mall-pox nt tjie puriod of tlic i>l>Tlioii of 
■clioluni on tlia fuiiiidLitiuu, hid fiilliiT re- 
ei^ilud bim liDiii,?, Atti^rliis rycovi-rvlwnin-'nl 
ft yiaf Bl Bi'Jvkiibfiiiriii', ici llie faoiily of Jlr. 
Totwii, wboiii ihrno »oiui !«• laugiit 'witli 
^>nt Ronicnt nnd «' tin wii» oDioreil 
n biiilnr or iioiiii-coiiim(mcr of St. KJmiiiid 
lliill, Oxford, in June lll'^. biring plncixl 
wider tin; luiiioii of Anilivw Alliuu [q. v.l 
AcrcordinK lo llunrno bet ' oamiitiinna wnitod 
on l)r, WalliH lo church with bin nknrU-tt,' 
and |j';rrDrin''d other nieniul olGcuj ( Urmark' 
tmd OiUretiuni. i. 311). but. on ibe olhi^r 
liuulfhe SMOoial«d Willi tLu t,-Mitl«iu«n-L-oui- 
iBonan. While an uiiiler^railuate b« \i«gua 
ha eaiMir an * writer by publishing anoiiy- 
ntonolT, jiMt befnro IIit' nu>TmbIing of pnrlin- 
mciit 'lit Otfnrd <m L'l MurHi l(iSO-l, "A 
Lelti-r iriim u Slud^iii nl Usford to n I'Vicnd 
ill till- C'liunlry. coiii'L-niiiit? the iin]iri)ncbin({ 
Pnr1iain,*lil, in Tiinlicutiun of hin Mnji-aty. 
llip Cliur^li of ICni^lnnd, and tin* Univunritv." 
The wbijr ]"irty nmU«vonriid to diseovyr tlie 
nutlior. wilb a vinw to hi» puniulimpiil, but 
tlw sudiJca diuiiliilioQ of tbn iinrlinniont put 
nil vnd to ilip incident nnd ocmuiinnrd tlio 

{■ibliotlioii of Keaiif^ll's »,Ton<l nicer, 'A 
'omi to Mr. E, L, on bin Mnii-ily n dlwolv- 
iM^tbti lalu I'll rli am en I nt Oxiurd,' 'JS Uurch 
Iwl. Abnut this period Kvtmutt wbb ■□• 
tToduoed to Anthony iiW'ioil, who porployeil 
him in cnlli-i!! j ng I'pitapbo nnd noUc«« of 
fttnillC'nt O.vfnnI nion. In bit dinTy,3 Muvh 
16(}1 - L', Wond u(.i.-ii ibat kc bsil dimstcd fivo 
ftlulliD^*lobugivi.'n to Ki-nnciC 'forpninshe 
tuA taken for mo in Kwnl," On i Miiv l(»3 
Ki'QneiC graduated B,A. (On/, n/ (t'/uril 
Gnt/luiilnt, l>l'*>I,p,%Sl),*nd nt^xt yuiirpiib- 
lialuid • vonioii of lirosmiisft ' Muriae Kii- 


comium,' under ihu tiili- of 'Wit ftgniiKC 
Wiedoui ; or n Pani-jrjTic u]Hm folly." 1083. 
8vo. In tbr> followiii^ ytiar bt contributed 
tlit:i lif« of Chnbrios to 1I10 tHJition of Oor- 
aelitH N«pnK, ' doni) into Kn^ilish by several 
bund*.' Ho cammcnred M.j\. on 22 Jan. 
Itttii, and Iiavinf lok-'n boly nrdm ho be- 
ciitup curuli- and asBiilnnt to Hnniiii-I Blnck- 
wi'II, B.I.I,, vicar nnd ichiiDlmiulrrof Itiuvler, 
Oiford^bire. Sir Williuin ( Jlynnr, hurt., pn>- 
st'iiied him ill SepremWr U^H'i to the ncigb* 
IwariafT vicorojie of Anibwd-n (KESSBrT, 
Varw^hial Anli^iiUm, p, iTil), Soon nft*!^ 
ward* he publitbi'd ' An Adilrcw- of TliMikA 
ton)(D'>d rrinpp; pti-npntcd in thn E'^m^yrie 
of I'liny upon Tnyan. the Ih'»i of Itoman 
KmpLTOrf,' Loudon. lUHO, 8vi,. with a bitrli- 
llown prpfa(.'i< FXprvstiii); hi!' loyuilv to tlifr 
thn:iTii? ( Notfn anil fjuenf^, iJiid bit. li, 441). 

K»nnett'ft pnliticaj view* wet* iiniekly 
inoilibixlbvdiklilionfllie<Fccleaia«lical policy 
of Junic* H. Ilr pmncht^d n, tieri,^ of di*- 
cmir»e» njniiiiiit ' p'H"iry.' n^t'usf^ 10 ivnu! tin* 
' Dwlarnlion for Lilierly of Oonnrii-ncc' in 
\H><f\ and acted with ibi; majority of the 
cli-rgy ill ih* dii^cetn? of Oxfurd when lliey 
ryetti^d uii add pr."«» to t he kinj; n-roinmendnl 
hv niiibop Parlivr. Heurne rdak-i tbiil »!. 
tfiii bi'giiimii^ of thrt ri'vululion Keonetl I«dL 
Ilodv'ill n mniiiiirript lr«nti*e, campowd by 
biinni'lfnnd iievi-i- print i-ii,olRirin2nr(ruinonW 
for tnkintflli" oallio of nHrtfi-iani-i' and aupiv- 
mapy to William nnd Mnry { ttfin/irl/ ami 
(iiHepfioitf, i. 71). Suh«<i|in>ntly Kpiinntt 
opL-nlv »ii|)]K)rii'd lilt' p!iu«>' of Ibe rv volution, 
nnl tbl.■^•^by eipnstfd biin^iLdf to inuph obloquy 
from bis formor friend*, wliu ealled li!m 
' WfHl herciwk Kenn^'t ' (Niotoi,«, Tt't, 
Anti-i, i. .10.1 .1.1 In Jiirii»ry HiSO, while 
eliootin^ 111 Miililtnliin.Sioni-v, liin ^iin bunt 
nnd frufluCTid his KkuU. I'be (i|)i>rnlion of 
tritpnnninir wm Biiooiw«(\illy pirformod, ba) 
bi^ waa obliired to wear n Inrire blnrli pnlch of 
vidvet on hiJi forehead during tW rfmaiiuler 
of his life. 

Aft«ru f«wyear«'nb«'>nc'efll Ambrotdenhe 
Tel<ani>^d toOxford a* 1 uiur and vic»-priiiMHl 
of St. ICdmund tiall. ami in .Si'pt.'nibnr Ifwl 
wiuHiaiii>n luc.tiiri'rfif.Sl. Mnrliirs.cnnimooly 
cnlludCarfnx.Oxrord. lIowniiniiKiappiHnhM 
D public li>ctur<Y in iheschooU, andnUed the 
olliw of pro-pnietor for two siicei'Mve vwn. 
He ivrocntW ILU. on r> May IWl fcT. Lift 
of I(W, ed. niisM, p. exvii). In Febru&iy 
]6BMi he was preeenie«i by \\'illiflni Chern, 
Mg., to the rt-clory of Shoiti^^brnok, B«rfc- 
Aatv. Iln wait er<nt<J I>.I). nl Oxford on 
lit July IT(>0,ii«d in tb'- fnmeyeiir wni pro- 
Kenti^d to the rwtoryof St. Ilololph. Aldgato 
(NEwcorBT, Itfptrtvrinm, i. ftli). He re- 
bigiied tbe vicarage of Atnbme'lMi, tuid did 



MtabtainpoawMion of Si.Ilou>l|<ti'fi wiilioiit 
kUwauit. On IRFiiKl'Ol lii>ii-iui iiiAinllrd 
in ibe jm^nd of Combr iiii<1 HiiTnlinm, io 
tbvcbarchof SalUborj-^Li: Ni:vi:,J'Sf(r, ud. 
Uard.T. n. fmt, 

Kruneit'* biatorical ftnd ■nliauuiAn re- 
■MfriiM b»(l nwADwIiile procBtwl kirn tamo 
tmoalioa. From Dr.Gmrpi HicIkis [I'^O 
(khcTVtrila Dotijunii^ blf'liiiii of Thi^fnnl), 
wlxi livi^ Cnr a linw in u>cluBinn niili liim ^ 
t AlBlffind«D, lw> rvci>iTi<d in<(ruotinti ill ihu . 
OB mad o(hi-r nortIi>-rn Inn|;u(■^ ' 
MYtrftI year* tiic two xcliolan vten- uu , 
moat friFoJly tmn», but I'TeiiiiialJy , 
hi^rn wai an upcn rupliin- twln-iwn tliem, 
in)* to Ti-lipuu« aiitl gt-ititiral <hlVt'n>IIC<W. , 
eiinrtttunlritiiiU-dit tift'i'f WiiliiimSonini'r 
tli<! Itcv. JanvM nr>uii>>')i ciltti'^n of (tint 
_irv'» "Tn-aiwof ih" Itcminn Ports and 
pKl ami rfiwupd ID Soeimi:r'« 'Trmiisf of 
(!avr)kin(l.'l'iidi'di[i')n liL'tl. His n.-piiialion 
MB lopj^rvfJii-Taiut philulo^iit wtis nihunci'd 
HiMorjr of Aiubmxd'.-ii. BinvMi«-r, niiii othi-r 
ailjaaint mtu io the couhIim of Oifnn] nnd 
^0^ with » GloHar; of OImoIHo Term*,' 
, l<!0A,4u>,diHlinl<>d Inhi* palmn, Sir 
jttuin. A newiMliticiii.^millf vnl&Tfprd 
[|]ic aullmrV iiiaiiiiM.-n|it noUv, vrad 
lU Oif'ird CJ \-<i\*. \i*\i*. 41.1) under 

Stonliip of IiuUii.-li>r linndini.'!. WliiL' 

cn^kKad on litis vmk llie (|ui:Mioii of isv 

* jvialiooa tis'l vntait miicli undi-r Iim 

,aiid bu [iiiUUbod 'fur (hu (em» of 
tr*' iIm ■ lliiiory boiI l''ftt<r nf Sncfi- 
lifi". ilitc'uflowi hv tiiulinplM of SripltiTv, 
Uwllir-iii. of Chmtinim.* I»nd<>n, 160^ 
riunn by Sir llmry Sjiplraan in 1»13L', 
■ilrihlfrom tbcnlitioii of thnC uutbor'a 
ttiuuuxu Wort>.' 
K«niM1t was now cbaplain to TUKliop Gar- 
-tlnm'of Lincoln. and on IS Mav 1701 beouuv 
ucbdtvoon of }[uiitiai[doii. Y)ien>upon bo 
ialo lli« fiuiioii* conIrovi>niT with 
> allOUt l)ii- ii;;(iE« nf mnvnrnlioii, 
_^' tUMHirtcd Dr. Wnkv nnd ICdniund 
I III toi^ir conlnntiim that cnuToiTatinn 
f inbcrunt riKbl'of indt'piMi<leiii«rtlon. 
hlburtun's lifw. KF-ntii-tt's ar^umcnti 
1 on prrc^i-ot-*. whil-? Alliirbury'* 
los)iriiKi|iIat. On ArcliLiiHiiupT'-nUon')! 
MMndaiion be nat HjipiinCed in 1701 
■• of the original mcmberR of ibe Socic^l^ 
r FnftfiiBfc (boOoi^l in For«i^ Paru. 
I n Mmon pn-nrbi'd in bix jmrUli cliurfli of 
■te Ml 31 Jan. 17tV(-l, tbti fuit da; for 
tyntom of Charles I, Kennctt a.e- 
1 tliat tbi^re biul bcrn •otne cnor* 
I Riinii owin^ to ■ ' popiaU ' qiiepn and 
. oompl miiuitiy, whoM policy (undod in 

tbn direction of an ab«>lulr l-p-mnny. To 
correct rxn^>>rntpd slatonu'nl* niodo *bont 
ihis H'niKin, Kirnnrtt printed it under thu 
tidu iif ' A Compufionnte liiujuiry into tbe 
Cauaes of tlio Civil War,' London <lhre« 
edttiuus), 17UI,4io. Ii idicittd mtiiiy nu^Ty 
wpti«« from hill high-cLurfli oppoii<>ni». 

Ill 1704 hu piiblifbcd -The Cau' of Im- 
propria tioDf, and ■>f thir Aimtnfnlation of 
Vicamg^,>nd OThrrinsunipiciil t'un:>,»liil«J 
bjr Hiiitorr nnd Ijiw.frorn ibi- fir»l L*«iirpi- 
tionsof Ihi'ropfisanii.Monln.tohLTMojmiy'a 
Royal Itiuniy kU-lr ixtnidod to the poorer 
Clt'ij-y of llip't'burvh of I'^nf-litiid.' A copj" 
of this work, bound inlwu vol>.,wilhcopioa» 
additions by lb" nitlliiir, wne furmi-rly in the 
pOMeuion of Iticlinnl (ioujih, and a. now ill 
th« Bodleian Library. In l70-'>noini< boolc- 
■rll'it* iiiidnrtnnh n crJIcHTlion of the' bwtf 
worki nn IJiRlitb bi»tory down ty tby rwipi 
ofCbrvtIc* ]],nitd induci-d Ki-uutll to wnlu 
n cunt iautti ion to ibo ticue of (Jii^cn Amis 
{Sotti anil t/urriff, :!nd tar. viii. 'MA). AI- 
Ihou^'h it uplNUUvd annoy nioii'^ly a* tbr third' 
voliimo of tli.» ' CompWt Hi*iory of Knp- 
lam!,' I70'i, fol, ili*! antlinr'* immr wioo be- 
came liiiiiwii.and hd wiu cxjKiwd t" rent-wt-d 
ntlnnliX from hi* Jnrnliitc i-ni-mi™. Anewwli- 
tion,withcom,'Ctiiiii».wn9|niljlir'h'?d in 17lft. 
but it wnanol until 1710 lliut tbi.T#i>]tpi?ur^ 
Itogur Xorth's ' I<UniiiL-ii. or nii Iiiq'iiry inio 
the Credit nnd Veracitv of n ]>n.'t¥iiLii-d Com- 
pU'toHiiitorT,viE.l>r.\Vliili- Koiimt('«"Hi»- 
torj' of Englund."' Hie jip-ipiiUriij iir (■mrt 
11 B'l iiniWBi.'il bylht' piibli'ibi'ii ■Ic'iiiiiu-iiitiiiiiH 
of bia viowa, and be w.u nppoinicd cliaplain 
in o^^ina^y to her innJMtv (cf. Littkeu., 
Srif/ H'lati''iOl). ifrw-n-iiirtalli-d in 
tbo drancrvof I'l-lcrbi'iroufrb L'l Fi^b. 1707-S 
(lliR<ii.7,;/rfl/ Tilhi><m,..-ii. \-T<\.f>. 212! 
Lt-rtiiei.i., vi. L'i3, L'ol). A fuu- lUys prpvi- 
otulv hu bnd been (.■ollatml to lti>' prvbpnd 
of AnnVtu St. Lfltiivnce, in tl)« rhurch of 

A at'riTi"!) whicli lio prMichftd at lhi-> f uocral 
of tbi- lir«t Duke of D«ivon»Uin! on "i S«pl. 
1707, nnd which laid him opMi tulh« charge 
of nnpounvRing n dt-nlbbod rqi.'nlaiiei>, wa* 
piibtishni by Henry lldU, without u dndim- 
linn, iu 1707. TousL-cond cdiiion,puUi«be(l 
by John Churchill in 1708,willi a dodicalion 
to Williau], Mcond duke of n.-viinihin>, vm» 
atiuL-ndcd 'Memoirs of (he l-'nmily <irC'nvi.-n- 
duli,' a M^arato •dilion of which was pub- 
li»h«lkyIlilU in theMBOc ymr. Anew*di- 
lion of llie twinnn, with Ihi' author'^ nitinii- 
»crint corr«ietion». wn* publithcd by .lobn 
Nicnol* in 171*7, but very few ciipic* wcro 
•old, and the rrmnindM- w*tv de'troved bv 
firo (Nichols, Lit. Aural, i. nm ».) Tbo 
imputation against Kennell wb« frot'h in Iho 



mmOMj of 1*01)1) whan in tbn 'E*M]r on 
CriUeiain' iio vrotr: 

Him vaMiarililc I>ri»lH rrfurmrO llm nnli'ii], 
And iHUghc niorii iiloMing mothadsof •BlnUiou 

(mm Jonhi*M noii^ I'bpf, Hd. El win, ii. 6A, iii. 
itSO). Kimnult'ii lubsniuenl pnifotTiiMit wu 
nnlurnllv ponuucloil by Qia simoum with tbo 
■■mill ot lululaton' ro&ranoo to tbo (ccond 
iluii* with wbich t'hs sormqn oondudoa. 

In 17(17. dfiirtiig man loUun for aluilv, 
lin ri'ii^nod Ibo n>clo»y of St. Botol]ib, Ald- 
l[kli<. mill obtMttiHl the luw Tumuui<niivi) 
rectory cf St. Mnrv, AlJ<friiiarv, London. 
Ihiriiid thit pi-rii'd W [>iibliBh(<J numeroii* 
anriiKinii, niid hin [ii'ii was aotiTolv an^gml 
iHiiun|H>Tl of bitjinrl'y. Ileiedoiulyopp^od 
UiiKWirinvuf the invalidity of lav bAptiun, 
ftnd hi* aiuiwcr lo Dr. Sactiorr.nlV* Mtniion 
pr«Mb*d bttfar* tli« lord mijor on r> Nor. 
1701) rdtod nctoRiiof indinwtton. lu 1710 
ht wo •ovwwly conwiwd Kir not joining in 
Um «onffratMlalory iddtwa of ihi^ lAindnn 
filMgy to tiio qwm. whirh rru dnwn np on 
tin MCMsicm of th«< toriM lo olGoo nntT 
fUckPTVTi'irKlrinl. Ki'niw^t Mtid othon who 
(Wtiitnl to i-iiWribii it vrrtv i^iv^ralail u 
(■n*«iir* lo lb>' rMwn und uiiiiiMrv (cf. I>TEB. 
Nnettrllrr. J Ati|f. IDOt- Dr. W«)tou. 
n^clor nf Whiloohiprt, intntdunsl into *n 
•ItM-pHKvin hiirli'irrh n (Hirirail of Konnott 
tominMillt Jiidiu liCHriol ( iMinlatnr MS. 
70$. r. 101 : Sn&HrK. Siort Jtrmarit, f. 90). 
It w»t fiBinl ih«i tbo nwtor hid oauMd 
Konorit'i fatuv (obo «ubatil<4iiH] t>r ilul of 
llunirt M ta» MOfBtioB of ttio ^intcr, irbn 
(Imi«1 an Mtlon of wrfw lii i w mtm/hm if 
Bono* iron iulrodnmd. A jffUil of the 
yioiOM in tba Ubrart of lb* Sooaly of Anti- 

{•ftriwUMconpwii^ vtith iIkim Muiaaeript 
am hj MkiltAiM : — 
To MT tiw i^«u« >loM to Um Wlonc 
K««»t» Job JaJo* mmI lb* MnMr vtuci];. 
FoIm U lb* lMW<k th* nn— fcU tto* foint : 
J«dM tomjmTpJi lo Kt«»Mt ii • Saiat. 

Unlt>ti>JMiif|i>-(>t>l«viH«»l ih«diw«lidail5 
t« M» Um f«uai«g, bat Coai|«OB. bUbof of 
LaMkMkHnaoHMwIiUrmaTwl. Fornanjr 
«wf* •fta*«rwtk ii i» laid lo ban onu- 
■M«l«d (W Wti >ti«.- «i St. AlhuM (Ni- 
CMOU. iif. .tarni. «iii. 300; AWw «atf 
gMMM. »d trr. ii;. «Wi. 
ht oiiW ii> kdnM* tlM jat M ^ m of tb* 

a««i»«y fat th» V w r^ ul an of tW Ooyt !■ 
RmiMi hra, KomiHi mmA* • coDmIhni of 

et \inmtmmi. > ' Uutorr of tW 

PtaMc«tw««t Cl>trtiMntv u iha'GBcU*^ 
MMt oC ikM fn^Mt W fNMUwl U« «ot- 

WtJMM ta 

■ ■■Kiwi 



catalo^Ui pniiili^d ' nili]ii>th<icn< Anurricanon 
I'riinordiii,' London, 1713, -llo-aftcrwiiTds n?- 
older, 1789, 4iij. Iti-iit>iurauii[ti>dBnBatiqaa- 
riiLii and hi.-iliiricnl tibrarv ut PdlerborouBli, 
und L-uricliL<d tW library uf t.but church witb 
■oine teuw buohn, including mi sb>lnict of 
the mnQiucripl collvction* mndp by Dr. John 
CoMIU, bi«hop of that mi', nnd ■ oopioiuly 
•nnotatod copy of CiuntonV 'llldaiy of 
Pctorborouifh. Thi- coUoMion, conaiiting of 
about. (iftir<Mi bucdrvd boiihs oiid tracts, waa 
plncnd in a private room ut I'l^lerboTDUgh, 
nnd a uMiiuwript cululotfue teas drawn up 
and eubwribed ■ Index liororiim aliqnot to- 
tiinroriiiii qui)" in ciiniinnne bnniim ri^ngiiMQC 
W, K., IWnn.r>'tribnTf;.iiiiLTXii.'(Nioiiou, 
IJ/. Arifrd. i. :;'')7). Thi* library i» now 
nrrantind In ihr ohnpi^I ores the w«>t ponh 
of iliB caihi'dml. 
On 2o July 1713 Kenncll was installed 

frvbendary ot Farr«nd<in-c'iini-B*ld(-rlon at 
■inoolo. lie nraachtsl veh-^in^nlly nfraiwC 
thi» r«ji«llioD of 1715, and in iho two follow- 
ing yoar* wnrmly adrocaicd th* rppi«l of 
lh«i *c(« a^isM occBjiioinal coofonnity. In 
tlie Bangoriau controvcny be uppasisl ibu 
nrociMHiinR* of convocation nnlnst Bishofi 
Hoadlr. Ity the inftneaiMafhii friend I>r. 
Charlw Trinin»U, biabop of Norwich and 
aftnrwinb of Wiiicbe»t«r, he was appoint^ 
biabopof IVtf'rboraiiigh: b wati consecrat«d 
at liambetb on OXov. ]71li>,ai»d bad p<>nnii>- 
«ion to bold ibe arebdMooniyof IlaBtinitdan 
■lul a prebmd in 8aU*buty in esmmrailam 
l^TV^m, KiyutniM Ai^tintnum,p.l\l). H« 
aiodtMiTMn lateral bubooMuiSi.Janinis 
StPHt, W«iatmia«t(T, on 19 IW. 17W. He 
was buiwd in IVterhoToaich Calb^lral, when 
a narUe (noainni«nt with a brivf Latin in- 
Mrription wu eiwted to his menofy (cL 
Nii-iiot«. Lit. Aiv*d. ix. 310). 

Ilo OMirrii^ &r«t. on 6 Jnni> 1«03. Samb, 
only daiisbtor of Kobvrt nnd .^fary Camr 
of BiMiAot <ah» Ai*y\ on 3 Manh IVSi-A, m 
titffnkt t wooadlT, on tl Junv IW-'h Sarab, ■ 
tbtw of RitlMrd Smith. U J)„ of London ^ 
and AytMbwy (»b« died in Anfuet 1703) ; 
IbCrdhr, in I ma. Ponaa, daariMor of Thoma* 
YWUi. iri>.. rrctor of WvUiagbab. Emkc, 
and willow of Clopton fUi«r«, M.D. By 
kia MooKd wife W b«d iama a wa. ^Mvito 


Kb— II, wbo bM«Ma itvtar of Buttoo-tv- 
Cag|l», Lineobakii*, and pnbMtdaij of 
I Nwbara u cb. Unonfat, aad I.ondaB. and 
dM w « Hat- 1710; and a ^m^ftSu^ 
wbo narrinl J^bn Nvwnan of ^■Hii 
famk, Batfabit*. awl diod oa 39 r«b. 17S6 
(RowkSi^ tKwtltmm Otmrnttfim *t Br- 
iwMtra, atw Mr. ii. jSTV IIium^ wtitiar 
on W Aynl ITOr. nir« tbai KraMti'a 


ilc wi^ra I br bneebe*. u his liaiifctiiy, 
iB«ol«ni lumper livieme'i BemaiMt and Oat- 
irrtivnr, Li. 9). 

His )itogTap1i<rr,tIie It«v. William Xrwton, 

■dniU rhai lii>^ »•*{ ■> n wli^ |iMiiun wime- 

tilBea rarrinl him to nxirmit*, but he ww 

niy elitritnblr, «iid <Jii)ilaynl jftnt tnodtm* 

lion in liii trlalioiu with Ihc diumtfTf.. 

Up ia now rMnenbiTHl chii-djr u k pain*- 

Uking nnil Ubonous nuliqiiar^. ««pMiaIlj 

■a the <l»mruD«iii nrMclMiaslwiil biKi^pliy. 

Th« BHDWi>r hi* warici both ui pnnt and 

auuiiucrinl Aa'Vi Uin to haTc bi»>n ibraugli- 

out hi» lilit n man of iai-ivilibtn tlilicnitMUUl 

ajiflicktioD. tic wu a-lwnyn ready to com* 

nnnioate iho ranill* of bis ivvMnhw to 

Utaw^udMita. IVibaUy his brat-kooirn 

work. a|«Tt from his ' CouipWt Ilirtory' 

■tivadjr ooikwl. wm hifi ' IC^iriMor ao<l 

Climiucl*^ EccLMJMtical anilCivil ; roiilaiii- 

J tamitif> Jlattcn of Fact di-livnivct in ihe 

words of thnmrHt AalliiMilickItnokc,l*a^rs, 

Mid Recocd*; di|;i»t«liiiexnct ordrrof titn<-. 

With paprrs, iiotm, and rvfi-n.-ncc!> towards 

diKOTcrinj; and cunuoctin^ tb-- Itu« llimory 

BHA^b^Und from the FU'ttanratioo of King 

^^^^gi tl' vol. i. (all iiiibliah^), London, 

^^^R9f' (ill. Tli«i original nuitirials for ibla 

valualili' nnrk nro proMrii'Kd in thi< Ttrili*h 

5! oivuin ■done the lAnwlowDc U8S. tOOtf- 

1010. Thr mniiiiscrijK vohimi-* bring the t»- 

^^sUi'r In ]i)7'.<. Tltr piiUi>ii«)vi>la[iiel)c|riii* 

^^■ith (hi! ItirMoraiioR, and only cotaic* down 

^H Kenaeil puhlulied morvtbuii twrhtaepa- 
^|^l« aproiOM prMcbi^ on public oceniota 
' IwtHtm l*IW and 17^8, and wliwii iii siip- 
I: port of cliarilT ktIiooLi (cf. TAr ErrrlUil 
jDH>V*frr, 170^1 lllb odit. lM)7>or of tbo 
Bociety for Ibe I'ropaffation of llio <luapL-t 
■■ipf. •urmou wounl in 1712), Hih addnuaps 
^^b liii clcriiy at PL-liTboniii(.'b on bis Ural i 
^^Uitatioa wpi« in 17^. Kvniiclt waa 
alan ibe aulbor of \ha rollowin^', lH'Md(>'« ilii> 
woH(» alnvdy Duticod ; 1. * ISKinnrkg on ibu i 
1^», ll«alh, and Itiirial nf Ilrnrr Cnmiah,' 
^^mdon. ItHM.lto. l>.-f:crlnia.i;irnISynmla, I 
^^■hd Fartiami^ntarT Convocations in the ' 
^Hburdi nf EukUoi), lliitorif^ally ilatcd, and 
JiMtly VindinlFd froin Ibu mionrprvwnta- 
Uonaof Mr. Al(>-rburv/ pt. i. I>>nd'>ii, t'Ul, 
8to, 3. 'An iVriwional L»1tpr, on ihc *iili- ' 
of Kiifcliiih Convocations,' l^ondon. 1><>I, 
i. "'Ibi! Hislory of ibr- Convivniion of 
IVUem und (-'IrTcy of thf- IVovinci- of . 
it«rburi', aumuon'd tumwl in the t.lalhe- 
in\ Cbtircfa of Si. Paul. London, on Vvb. if, 
1700. In UMWvr to a Narrative of tbe Pro- 
eMdinc* of ibi> I<ow<rr Ili>ii»e of Convoca- 
]{pii.' l,«a(loB, 1702, 4lo. A. •An Acoount 
tfee Society for I'rapafratiQii tli« Uoipol 



in Poreiirn Patti*. mlebti'h'd bv ib« Koyat 
Cli«Tt«r<if KinsWitlUni III.' I^mdon, 1700, 
4to: tmnnlal'^l into Frcnob by CUiidfi (3tO- 
thlr: dc la Mothc, Itolli'rdnin, \'i^, t^vo. 

11. 'Tbn Cbristinn Si-holnr. in ICuIm and 
D!n.«itoDS for Cbitdrrn .i^ Youth R^nt lo 
Kn^liKh SvhooU; more nprciuUv <l''siDn*d 
for lh« poor boya UugliC k climHi'iT by 
cliarilv III ib>* psmh of 8i. Ituiolph, Alif- 
f^li>.''Laiiiloii. |7<1H. >(vo; Oth wTit. 1710, 
«vo: Utbodil. London, IflOO. lirao; Ifitb 
i-dit. in 'Th"l'bri<tknS<jhoInr,'Yol,\'i. 181)7, 
Irhno: L'Otli odft. l^mlon, Ifll, IJmo; iww 
edit. l»ndon. |h36. li'mii. 7. "A Vindica- 
tion of the C'hnn^h and Cli-r]ry of KnarUnd 
from aome lati^ reproachM rucluly and un- 
justly can iijiou ihi^iu.' I^iidon, ITUO, 8vo. 

iH. 'A iru*> ,\iisir<ir to l>r, Sacb^ver^ira 
.Sermon before (bv I.>ord Maynr, N'or. 1,1709, 
In a l.cttcr lo ono of ibn .Xldpmii'n,' l,i>n- 
don. J70lt, ««.. ». 'A l>Pltur to .Mr. Ilor- 
villf upon occasion of lii>bain|[r<x<ancibsl to 
ilie Church of England.' printed in 'An Ao 
niiiiii of iho lBt« Conversion of Mr. John 
I)nrvi1l4^ aiian Donon.' LonitoD, 1710, Hvo. 
10. ' A letter, about a liloii»n in Convocn- tho !Ii-v. ThomnilWti, I.I..I>..' Lon- 
don. 17 IL'. II.' A Mnmoria! for IVil':!*!™!!!* 
on ihi- "lib ofNovi-mb., conlniiiinR a ni(iri> full 
didoovcry uf torov patticulan rcInlinK to iho 
happy drlivtrnncit df Kiiiir Jumiw I, und tlio 
lbriwEitati.-s of thf Itfolni of KD;:liiiid i'rr-ai 
ilienioat traiterauHandbloodyintviKlcd Mas- 
Met* liy Gunpowder, anno 1U0S. luaLi-lti<r 
to a IVr of (trt^i-ltriinin.' Ixtidon, 1713, 

12. ' .V Lfitrr to tW lx>rd IlinliopofCarlisU, 
cniiccminf; one at bin pPTdnoMonv Biabop 
.Mtiki ; on occnsiun nf n now ToJame [bv 
OwtrKo Harbin] titt llie I'rHtrndw, tntitiilcd 
The II«n>ditan' KifHitoftiip Crown of 
Innd HMert-ed,' Loud-Mi, 171.% Vva flwo edi* 
lions in nne r^nr); tlh edit. London, 1717, 
^vo. VA. • Thii Windom of l.ookin([ Dack- 
nnrds to juddi" tbe beiiir on one ful? und 
t'otluT; by the iipM^hni, Writing, Actions, 
and other nottcivaffacTi on both sidf» for tho 
fourlast yearn,' London, l7lo.Hvo. 14. 'A 
SeL-oudLelti^r to the Lnri! Bi"b"p of Carliale, 
upon ilie Auliject of Diiliop Mrrks : bv oi7CB- 
•IOT1 nfHiainfCSomel.iljelH.pnrliciiluriyaCol- 
hction of Vawm wiil ten h\ ih.- laie It. Reve- 
rend) tforiri'ilirkeii,l(.l>.,'l»iidnn, 17l8.8vo. 
15. 'A Thini Ix-ltirr to the Lord Itithop of 
Carlisle, Ul>')B ibe lubjeet of llishnp Mfrks ; 
nbtreiu tbe Noniionlion. luU-ilion, Inveirti- 
t lire, and Deprivaliun uf HntilitJi I'mlatm urn 
dliow'd lo have been ori^'inullyt'OostiTuted Si 
irorcm'd by the Sijvetvign I'owt-r of KingK 
and their I arlinmini* . . . ajn'nsl tbe Vn- 
tenxion* of onr new Fonati*-ks.' l.oiidoin, 
1717, Svo. Thbi and ihn two prcc«lin^ 


lo Um Bidiop of CarliJc, Dr. Wil- 
lllkn NieholtoB, mve ri*e to a h<~>ii^ coa- 
ls. ' l)r.!^iiApv iiutiucteJ in mdm 
■U«n, <apcc»Uy rtUtiu}- lo Coiivucaliona 
", CoBTTTtit froni itiuery," LoBttOB, 1718, 
. ir.'.ViiUistorical Aocoviatcf tliclMf 
[jBipUne.t Jurisdivtioaof lli« Cbiucli of Kufc- 
' lud,* Sad <>dtl. Ixmdoa. 1 730, t^vo. 

HMinanibtialiad in bUnlitionofLuUndV 

.'Ili&erwj' (wl. fii. Prrf. p. »iii) • Iwitcr 

boai KcABOtt * conmtBinfr a pajuagu ' iu ?ol. 

ir. of tbsMnw work (1711). S«me ombii- 

ripl tvnee In- Kisonrll on ' ItdigkiMt tBil 

_ lonl ^ulnects, UuiUumI frofn Mmit of tbc 

'^diferitalUh IVia.' IwUiBiH «> ^ ^'- ^^ 

m ItTdu, add nMA«i«cripC not** l>]r KonDull, 

wntlea IB ■ BtbUs wvn> prinlml in ' NotM 

I'lMid QNacin' for \i<»&. ^ir W«Uvr Scott 

I Am prisl«J, in lii* ' Lifi- of Swift,' p. 137, 

frOB a nuniucripl in tli« Uritisli UuMum, 

[-the wrU-knoim dracriptiou by Kimnelt at 

L^wift'a aneaduim ib iJnMn .Vnna's ast»- 

I -AuBtw (NoratW 1719). 

. Many of KMOMt** tBUUMnipts. whicli 

«■(• (omid pan of tlw lihearv o^ JanaiM 

-Watt. nwidaBt of iIh- Konl Socirty. wctv 

fnrrlUwrl is 1773 bv ibc Eui of Sbetbnnw 

^dbviranb llaniuia of Laaadomw'). willi 

«ka«e coUrclioa tb»T paMwl, in l!M>7. to 

«b« Bhii^ UuHuB.' Tbej a«* doit nam- 

W6-I0II IB Uw I.aiuidDviMi coJkc* 

AaMa« tIkMt arv: 1. - l>iptv<^a 

ffmriiiH» Aa^ioaMBi Hn Tabals Sacrw 

is ^laAas faetU ortlin* riMWManiuT .\rch>- 

mfmeofk. F|MO<p. roraBN)iHr Suffno^as 

\lcan> iSmmmI**. <■* Canrrllahi. Erda- 

ciatuM iaMi|>*r Catbrdnlmn IViorM, De- 

TlirMUTaiii, I'rwvmlorM^ OaBotUarii, 

«t axJiiMU aoUt Cwwiuri 

dMloCti B ObImImI I COB* 

■ ad mmmbU 0«L m UMpm,* 8S& 
•DfafliwMJ .UraoMa' VcUMhr e r iw n a 
Wab^»8,«C. >.* As AJpfcahatical 


of Englisb Wotil« and Prorincaal Kipna* 
Bioa»,'lU33. II. 'LiHtvni to BiabapKuuwtt 
tronx Dorm Iih wife, i;0:i'l>M,' 10ir>. 

He abo laide conioua annuution* in an 
iBt«rl«av«dco|rrof iLe flnl«ditian of Wood's 
' AUiean Oxonienaw.' Tfaia co}i,r was por- 
diawd bj Itidianl Gou^, from ibe libraty 
of Jano* Wwt, pnaidaBi of lb* Kojnl S^ 
daty, and it u now pccMmd in tbo Bod- 
leian Librarir. KuniwU^ noloi are ine^m* 
ratod by Bliaa ia bia edttwn of Wood. TEef 
oaBtut'clucdy of «sU»ota fmn oariak legi*- 
ten and fiont other MoteaiaauoaJ docuaieiiM 
(Woop. AOmtm Onw. «d. BUaa, vol. i. PrsC 
p. 18). 

ni»nxitrait«-aaRa)tTaV4d in n)««»>tiiitb]r 
FulxT ftiva life in 1719, and by J.Smith. 
Tllc^^ in aUo a portrait, (m^TBTBd hj Jamaa 
Fiitlor, .V.Kw%., pn&ted to ibe aacoad adk 
lion of ibe * Parodual Aniiqniuoa.' 

[Lif- (hms.). LiMdm. 1 730. Sro, by ibe Bar, 
VBtiain Nrmoo, Tioar □( tiillingbam. Duratt ; 
Short Itenwrti on ■ono Paawta in the UT* <rf 
Dr. ErBiiMt, bj a latvt o( Tnlh <J. Sbacpa, 
M.A.. ranta «f .'itrpaaj)). Lowloii, IT30, 8r»j 
Wmida Atbun* Omb. (BIm), ir. TM. IMlj 
DamM'a Ova Una, b. 01 ; Geat. Utg. Ixsv. sn 
{aad MMtal ia4M>: Bi«(. Brit.; Mcfaol*'* LH. 
AM4d. ; Nwbc4>'> IllWr.of liL : OMdk^ Cultw). 
taBM CatML ii. 4«I : Adait. US. nT*. r. 48 : 
Waft'* Bi).I. Dm.: Skbob'a AiIwIhu;. adit. 
IT:i'»-«S.i. lU. lOl.u. 115; Catak^ne of MS8. 
is I'ai*. libr. CaKlnids*; Hirfr^li'T Ou. of 
Ta9i«r USS. p. »SS: WbUm'* LaiUM wrillan 
bj KatisiM P*ne«. i. 3U. ii <3. 74. 1««, lU; 
(Baaoal tBdcna); U !I«f*'> Faali (lUrdj); 
BvnxiaB Fta.i.3^; HoiSt'a MMaoin. pp^ AM, 
Ut.) T. C. 

.go. 4.>BM«i«|UealM«- 
, MHH '■( thaw NlaliBK lo Uw Em- 

-MilMJliTT 1 rri'i '--'"- -t' 

■ iaa)h>i7ir.'iu8t-L «.'6a- 

tfur a {1«<«T «(ibi l^aemoriV**. 
; «Mk rwtnhn af an tU PMiakM 

cnas-t- ;.*NotMaMd 

KE. S 'CtaOacUMifatW 
Ufc«rite:JAB <>ibt. IhM «< St. Ftal's, 

M aW IT^ty «f OMWoa- 
k.*MSL "la - . . - . 

KKKKKV.AnTlint nESRY(177«?- 
lSU).aaatroTijnialttf.baRt tnl776orl777r 
waa laa jfaart aoa of Bdwmnl KMOMy, 
1 rioar rfcwal aJ fptbiwila n of Cork, bt Fhw- 
m, daasbMr o/ThaaaaalSabat. 3<.P.. cf 
MncknM.oD. Kott (Btmu. Lmi^i ««*• 

,i.ilM:),kil.£ill. LilTMlhaaatetodtU 

' BMivnal* «< OaUiB, «m ctMud a f ■■!■ 

tioa acMar «« l»S. mmA gtatoitad BJL to 

17W. U law fa pewfa M-V..and WM 

, «l«wtfd lo a iiuMr MlmiUBL whirfa fa «^ 

«a*«d in ltU» te Ifa coOwa Imv ^ Kil- 

- — - "■! ill ifiiiiBBi rrii 

iraa, aad IXIX ia IMS </MMa I 

iMi-i8«t ^ airv t^ a jaa* 

I «W iartiaMri !« tfa immmtr U 
wfa* fa NWMd in Hu IfiilMl 

Itnt. "■ rrrn ^inaiai 

M ha krat «w ' 



. to I 

[aiw, mml h« waa obliged to raaiile abroad 
lunnft lb* Uit ton yean of hU life. Mo 
ot ]kfiii<vn'^«i^M<^ oil L>r Jan. 1855, 
7H. Il« was twicn mnrrtnl, >t>d bad 
■mu« br l>ut>i marri^tvB. Undi-T tlie iDiiiAla 
ot A. H. K,. IvMuioy vditrd (li<-' li(Vli vdiiion 
«f ArrliliUbop Mail's ' DiacuunvB on lliu 
Sorijiliinl Do<:tnaeB nf AtoQi-ueiit and St- 
♦rilice,' -i *(>!». Svo, Loiwloii, 18-t2. !(>• ntno 
'iwroto n ini-Dicnr of Jliiffiw pivflsed tn tli* Int- 
U)t'» • Vi'atia,' 2 viA*. §vn, l^odon, IS42. 

KAWry'i own wrriiinic* on? : I. ' An I'm- 
t^airyooaevminiiimaiiodhe UocUiaattaMa- 
laiD(>d by thv C'liureh of Itome: in jVnawtr 
to Uie CbHtv'" •.<( lntolM>uo« broiubt hf 
Stenbcra or ili^r Clmrcli agaioiit Monibera of 
ibp Cburrli ot i'.ns-hni.' 8vo, I.ondon, 1818. 
' Prior ipli-« ami I'rarliO'x of PiyrKriidnl 
'omwrii ill Churcli and Stalp,' Hro, li.on- 
don, ISIU. 3. ■ Facta and Dooimnits illut- 
traiivi-uf tbc Iliilui^of ibe IVrioil imtm-di- 
HlTweocdiuf'tliv Ai.'cesuunof Willium til, 
-I Bvo, Londiio. \i*iT. 4. ■ Tbc Ilaiiici-ruiu 
AtHM of Popikli I'owi-r in lliccv L'uMutriuH, 
■•cikllv a« iilit>(nit>>>l iWii Awful t{is:i>rd« 
the Tinn- of Jamm tli« ijooond,' &c., 8?o, 
luloD. IKK', 5. 'A ('omniMit, liipUnn- 
aod Practical, an the Kpittlra unci Hot- 
tot tilt* Kuivdays of tlio Vi^nr, and cm 
Ui(iHi for llolv ltay« immiit lately rvlnting 
to Our lIlNBcif Saviour,' ^ \iA&. I^finu, Iahi- 

lOoni. Miijf. nwr wt, jlir. *4l-5; Taylor'n 
*atr. of iNUin, vu. Hi. 4X1; Brii. Una. Cat.] 


KENNEY. niAItl-Ki* LAMB (1R2I- 
S>«1 1. joiimaiifil anil imtlior. wn ot Jiuim 
I. T.\draiiialiat,u'as iMim at IMIf- 
Pa'ri^ :»■ Auril 15l'l. uiid hud 
<rt ijuub fi>r oii^ ijl his ^'odfavlwnt. In 
18dS Im> wa* rmirrxl nl tit. M«vli«iit 
Imv' i^diool, anil in IM' lio<'4iuit> u I'Wrk 
in ilir^ Uriusral Pout (>tli<^c. Hi' ronintrncod 
Ilia lit^ruy ennvT ai llir aii^> of niniTti'itn 
aaistiDt fontigm vditor, dniiniiit' rrilic, 
•cirntifli: i«|H.irtiT ixi iht- 'Tinii!*,' eciu- 
uticp at itio M4DI- lime I u mapiiiDL-i and 
itiag i>lav». In iFSTil hi- nid-^d in |>ri>- 
tti- JiivBt KidtiUii'Mi ill Hidp Piirh. 
til obliging liitn iopit-ii]i}ii>ipn^iii(iii 
(ba daily pV9a,li« la-camn ii-cri'larv to Sir 
Patl'in durioicliiacfrgBniHilionof thn 
,(i.j- !■ I -'^r-fiir th«OiaeaiD I85A. 4)n 
N, < iiv iiaa«al]i.>d toUiebaratlbu 

tinor I ■'iti|-l<<, atid wu appointed wotetoi}- 
il.A" li W Mpa. He adrooatcd tJw advan- 
(m uf the Saox Onal wlieo the eni-^rJM 
aa ofHwed b<r Iiord Palin--r<t'>n, mid «r<>l*^ 
boos <in tli» aulijfct vniiilinl *Tliv<<nl<<« of 
£an*(lM7). Portljoirbig loiii» oxor- 



lion* a coDiph-to mroluiion wait elI«oi«d in 

Eiblic o|Mnion, and ha iwnirvd tiom Sejd 
talin a letter ot tJiaiilu ncroin)innicd by a 
diainond riti^. A suranderntHndiiiiiwith D» 
LeiMp*d«y n tvdliimofthL'sucrrtanNliip.and 
lijs eonnecciuii nitb tli? Huez ('aiiul ci-iuihI. 
Ill IrUM b« joined tliest&lT of ibe'Staiidurd.' 
In li^miewacactiveinaapport uf ibt'liiti?r> 
nntioiiBlKxbibicionatSoiiI.nKi'ii;iiii^'t4>n, liu 
bvlcinttvd to R lilitmry ciivLt wiiirh iiidiidvd 
Tlinckumyond Dirki^iij.anil n-n> noted fnrliis 
iai|irr>iiiptuafid aatirical «kil> in rliynii< upon 
tbo ivti^britim of till; dnr. Willi tjic iM:i-i'p- 
lionsofUoiicieauItaud viviur, lii-wnBMidio 
be tli«> wiltieftt man of lii« piriiod. Hn liud a 
piOIDiiiral riiareifltli«>inlrodiicTiu[iofmoili.-rn 
oppra-boulTo, having nrilTPii the librt^tti of 
lliK '(inuid itiiclinv,' tho 'PrineeM of Tmbi- 
toudr',' and ' Iiallolln IlCR'np.' Somo of bi< 
dininntic piccot w<TU brounht cmt in cjon- 
jiuit-tiun with Albert Smith, Tctm Taylor, 
Sbiilpy ltrouli«.Bud Dion Bouoicmili, hut tbo 
ruM of iviiiUD«Tiitiun at lliat Tiiin? did not 
Niceed 100/. for n biirlMqiie and '2!tl. fur t, 
faree. Kcnnny al»o n-role ' Tlw Vaigiil)>>nd' 
and tnany olhiT pcipiilnr imng*. Ha •ulTorad 
for wvi:ni] ynr* fmni an inciitabb liiMaw, 
and n )>i-ifornianci- for hit bmrlit mat givm 
at the Ouifily Theatre on IV Juuu IWr. llo 
di'-d ul KId'tn Uoad, Kvnnin^tou.on 2^ Aug. 
Ifi^l, agvi] <J(I. Hiid wiL» biiriitl in UrompliMi 
o<'im.-ii.-ry on >IU.\uu. Ity hJi marria^fu at iba 
Kii(;liHb I'ntbaMy, ^ria, in 18-'ii>, with Misa 
Dow Si^H-aiT, ho left two diildrt-u, Clurtefl 
llonuv Kwnoy and Uoaa Kmn^', w-lio ninda 
Imit tirni nppcamnce on tlin atoga a» Jalict at 
Iffury Ijinc cm l'3 Jan. 1671*. 

Ki-niiry WHS till! nutlinrof : 1. 'Mr.IlMJpa 
and tl» L'rilioi uf liis Cornupondc^ci.' nitti 
lliu8[nitf<>rdi.'<tinmiltei>.']t<lU. L'. -Wantiil, 
iliiFiIuinds,' uumitHl tihftch, UrtiTT Lune, 
11 Mnn'h ISfi;. a. 'Valenliiu- ani) Ot«V 
peniomiiiMi, X»w llolboin TllA«ln^, 24 Dec. 
18t(7. 4. 'Onr Autumn .MamriivriNi,' farce, 
Adelnbi Th<-atTr, 21 U>:l. 1871. 5. ■ Mi^ioir 
of M. W. Iklf-V lS7n. H. •.Maidc)f Ilononr," 
romt'dii.-tta, Hulbum Thcuitrc, L'4 Ajiril lf*76. 
I 7, *Tli« CorKapciiidi.>ni.-v of 11. de Kulzao,' 
' tratialaled, l'<Tli'. He uunlribuled *Covont 
fiftnl*n.' pp. 2H-32, to Albert i^milbV ■ Ga- 
vnrni in London,' l^'il), and imnFJatud (witi 
olherHM'otmt Hamilton'* * l''ain' Talcs and 
K»tnnnr»,' IRlIt, and IJcmidotl"* ■Tmv«\Lt 
in Soullu-m Itniuia,' IS.'i.'i. Hooka of word* 
for tbo I'dlloniiic opfroa vrrt' funiiaht-d br 
Keniicv: 'Tke Mw^ Doctor,' IWW; 'Fair 
Helen, 1806; ■ PrinceMnTTiwliiionde,' 1870; 
■Tlie (trsiid l)ncheas of OeroUtviin,' 1871 ; 
'Don l'iiii|iitth.,' Ik71; ' La Fi^-lia del It«gK>- 
[ni«ilo,'lH71: 'Lucia di (Animennoor.'l!^; 
■Le Noue di ilguo,' ltt71; ■ tn Uallo ia 

llMeben,' l^Tt; 'La Miiott« de Punier* 
1H7!); *L» Fnvuriin,' 1^7:.': ' S«tninlnlid«^,' 
J»72; -U Domino Noir,' lisrS; -All Hnha,' 
IN'S; 'TbeWnmlprful D.ipk." 1873; ■ l/ 
(rAmon-,' ISTS; ami ■ La Jolii- PnrfumnuJi-,' 
IHT'i. I!<i nlMi wrote the wonU Id n'lteiiujpm' 

S Verdi in IS75, nsw^U nn ntunc nius tratiKB, 
t moat iio|mlur of irliioti wrv ' Stil^ iiiid 
Loir,' IWio: *Et« idv ljii.wi,' l>^»i; 'The 
Vo^bund,' 18T1 i aud 'A lCuaM>t Cl'iako'er 
ilMiey a««r,' 167A. 

{Ulutnuvl iMkhrti Xon. S S«p(. ISAL ppt 
Bl. 3iS: IlloMnUd importing und Otuiimic 
Vvm, i Baft. 1881. p. US; En. 3 8ttpl. 1S81, 
p. i infafmatioD fi«ro Min Bon Efunej.) 

O. C. B. 

KHriTET, JAMES (1780-1849), dni- 
BiMiiii, wiu bom in In'Uiid in 17*W. His 
blhrr, Jnmnt Keiincv, una for Dwnj' ye«r* 
London, of wliich kl^ w*« aln put pn- 
prirlor Uid tiiiiitiitor, and wu ir«ll lisowB 
ID the »]ior(ine world. Tb*' win «brn a 
vnuth WW placvd in Ilu> buikinjr-hMW of 
llMTiM, Fuqnhar, & l>i., «»d wkils tbtm 
iaihUgvd ia prii-atD tlwairicals. Hii first 
litMWT attempt was a iiDiall votume p«b- 
Ikked w It^UQ, i-BtitlMl * Sodrty, a Povm in 
t«i> fKM, wiih otlmr I\m9w.* lie »nx 
wnM • fiutv r«UiMl 'Raiatiig the Wind,' 
whirh in iFtSI uMi ptoduetd at • pMfbrm- 
•am of aMalPun. be biMMlf taking llwMn 
«(i«r«BT IHddlrr. Tht iwc w w of tliM &nw 
ia^Mid kia to oAr it ta tb* BaMf|«r* of 
Cbnst GanUa, wbM« it wan pmdnrM] on 
AXor. IW^lkfckanii.tvfof JetvoiTlHddlcr. 
■jtyidhTl ■ nil iiririiiii:iniianiidiatiniffni 
Lmv. llrutCvttiinT-<igbt iiirtta,aMhBa 
oftM Wm Nvind MM«v <>B JO Not. leoi 
Ka—yV ■IIOBJ ■••**•* XainannBT,' a pHita 
MMB taton frvM ManoUWr-* • Ado^ «t 
OLinh wavpTTB at IkwTT I^ae, aad f«f«*ted 
twti—i JwwatlWwiww. *Fab*Alan0,flr 
^ O ■ >» .•* Biwic n a ia a « tfcw* art^wJA 
HHir W SMb« aaSllanlMW FMw Ki^ 
^^ i.'.ltad a r«a of i«*«It-c<«» ai^tsal ihv 
>tkratfv*w{i>a !«}?.' l>tWiH««BB»- 
«wlMK(*M«*a m tW«TCM,a^ 

br Ik* icrt itaw 

■ShilaSMblwaTinr.* 1W 

|MM «aa inM W GM.I. ^ -ib^ .r^ 

war mi(t|iM. m4 < waa »rnn4 ii41SI0. 


'T1i« World,' wliicL canu.' out »t Driiry l.iii» 
onSI Marr)) l8Uh^,l]Hda ruiiof twiitv-ihrM , 
niitlil*. nnii wn» frequMitly played in the fal- I 
lowing senwn. I«nl iijmn, lion-eY-^r.Rpeala | 
linr^itr of thin pii^^ in ' Kni:!i»li Itnrd* a&dl 
8colcli Ittriewt-m.' He wrot.T thn! ; 

KpnnjE World- ah 7 where ■« Ki'imy'* wit ? — 
Tirvi the uideitlltfr]',lull« ihv lixUn |nl. 

UnT March ]81:!a mtuieol aflnrjiiix^n, 'Tvni 
him out,' diucribed by (irn»t »> 1olnrabl(% 
WM acted at the^i-um, waa mpnatcd 
twDty-eighltimWiUtd HiiU k«upBllM! Mafji-. 
Befow tlie close of the nme Tear aaolbercJf 
oellent farce, 'l^fe. Lav, aau Pliyaic,'a(ldtil 
OOixidiTablT to Kpanej'krqKitatioi]. It nm 
forty-fotir ii it; lit*, and va* much iiKb'bted t« 
tbp Lubin Ln|t of Liilon Inr itc p.iputarity. 
Ill ISlIi 'Tlie >'ot1tiDC of War,' a fan-t-, wa* 
produe«l>l Coiwil liank-n, »iid in I 'f 17, in 
cuajun^lion with Howard Pajnp. Krimer 
KTOtv a dranaa called ' Tli« Pbrtfolio. or llw 
Kamilj of Angilad*,' lakan bom the Ffvndu 
Thi«w«s]i)ayM aiCoTwoi ftardeaoB I F^lx* 
tha riTal bouw, Dmnr l4ii». productBC an- 
other Torcioia on the eaav night. ' Matcb 
Bmkin^, or tha Frinot'* PnvcBt,' a dnuna 
iu tkrctr acl:<. aiiid * John Biuxhv, or a UajrV 
Plfaflatv,' n erv atlrartive pivoeaat the Uaj> 
BiarkM in 18:.'l an^l ls>^. 

In ImM Ki-im^^ wa« reaidiii); at DelleTiK, 
■Mar r«Ti«. and be fiat?rtain«d diaries Lamb 
aBdhi*ai«twal VwaaillM in l^±f. He Mill 
CoBtisBsJ hi* dimmalie work, anil for ilia 
UarnBThrt oo 7 J uIt i ASS ho wniit« OQ« of tb» 
■oat pofoUr dntaa* werprudBC«d,-Sw«ai- 
bMtta and Wins,' wbidi ran for fiftf^M* 
Bigbtaaad u still a gniai bToaritc. Mad— 
V««(tU wa> in the CBff.aad Liuta asBillr 
L«^aJ>v «a^ at Ua vat; bMI. 1b Jnly iKKt 
kia fkmt * Tbinaaa to th» UoBM ' ««a »1b jhA 
at tb« llanubt. witk Umbd and JoltR 
KMrawtWeUcfekaiBetcn. Oa></K«B- 
MT> aM I b HM B U piccw, ■£^iRBc taA 
AiaMWA.* CBBW «« at tke BsTmaAM vm 
« S»pt. li^. aaid raa mk KacJt iqilam 
dnrtn(tk*rpaaawd(r«^tWtaaaa«. Ob tbr 
~ at Iteo yLawiy Ocaabm- ISS? 

» i icii« an iiitK far LnBobl TUa 
wMifc itihaHy o»»J wm. af it* _ 
twL» y aB fra p.'hy L al»t.|«at»4i 
waa n«R«id witk 

tMw4MhMftW«ML te«)l>rie;£»k> 
*-■ < *■ — '--y-nrlit m aiii i ii i iiw if 




ibe cbi«f elMruU'r irjtb gnM Kputalion. 
Jijetausy't, iMt production wm* DeriooBdrainn 
'' Dtillr<l * liifaiunlinn,' a lnli> of lb« Fn^ncli 
apire, writ Ii-n In ItM-'i fur CliArlotli> CuiJi* 
1, tliva nctini; nt ilic PrinccM's Thnutm. 
KciuiPV nu n frt<|UL>ot f(tieal at t^mui-I 
lofc-prs'* brcakJaitH and diiiniTw, and m*^ 
titvTv HUM (if iho iKilabilititt of tbv duj-. 
He loi^ suffinvd from a nvrvuiis Bll«c[iou, 
whkh gtn him «ueb an «ccrairic appear- 
•ne* ibai li« wu mor* tlian nnc« iHl>i.m for 
■a Mcaped lunalie. Ilndindof lumn diicom 
Bt ii Stmth Trm<K, Alnuodrr ^nnrc. 
BTVrapbin, I'o July It^lH. He liod rcueivwl 
Ikin suiu* fur Lia writing, bill wad iiol in 
anuent cintiniulanci^Hi a porl'uriuaiK'r:' fur his 
bpiwdit lAik pU(v ai ]>rury I^nc '.'ii ihc tta^' 
)7f bU (Itath, aixl jirodiiocd 500/. for lii« 
famil}*. Hn mnmi'd Ijoniia, dauKliUT nf 
Louia Safaaatian Mfn^iirr, ihn Vrruai critic, 
and widow of Tliomus llolerofl [ij. tO tho 
draaialul. Ity lirr hi- liod two hoiu, Jiintw 
and CIisHm Lamb K<Mini-r [4. r,^. and two 
dauebttTf, Viwinin aiid Maria, M.n, K«Uie}' 
on 13 Ocl. I&W itweiv«i) a civil li«t iieiuton 
of 4<W. a ffftr, v»» citiitinuM to lier 
daa«lil«n oo b.-r dcatti. IT July 1M3. 


Ibr Oorrnt ('nrdcii. 'Tivi manv (.Viok*,' a 

JBWOJfMtr, !:■ y,ib. ISOri; 'iVlfliiKl Hoy,' 

^bulodlatQa. I Dm-, IW7 1 -Dt^Utoratid Civ- 

^fer.'B ounedr, Ltl April \nM: -A Word 

ftw the l*di«.' 17 Dee. Iblh; and ■ ITii, 

Gtmhi Room,' ■ cormmIj, Iti'Ui.'i. Ib'.'ts. Fur 

tbp I.Trcum be wrote, ' Oil ! tlii« !,<:«>•, ur 

tbo llaH]iH<nii)Rr*.' Juno 1610, and ■ Thu 

Uagic Ilcll.' l''«rl)niTv Lannlt^wTotf, 'Tlin 

Toucbatonr, or dn' U'niUl iw it jthu,' a 

conudr, 3 ii»j ItflT; 'A lluuur out nl XVin- 

dowa, amiuittlfnrcr, lOUay 1817: ' Itnny- 

owaky, or lb« Esil« of Kamuliuika.' an , 

#ni'lic piny, IS March \^JM. -Y'-r^i and ^ 
irii')!. Of a ItPDcontiv iu Pari*,' ^1 Xov. 
f, tviiroducjii an 'Frolics in Fmiiop' 
Harrli IWL*--'; ' IVtf* IIht Orrat, or tlii> 
IlattI<-o(i'u!t'™n,'21 Fi-b. If'ait; ■lliTniuii, , 
or tlw J'li'J/u of Honour,' ■ piny, » April 
18SI; 'A f.iooil -loo king Felfow,' in ron- ! 
junoiioa witb A, Dtinn; and *Tlw KinK*" ' 
■hV witli Mr». Gore. For ikc Ilaymarkct 
|p wroin, ' 'rill- Atcatd, or Secr«t» of Ofliio,' 
KMnieopwra, 10 Aiif. |i>24; -Spring and 
AwumD, or .Mnrrii-d for .Mnnnr, n comic ' 
drama, a S.-pt. liK!7 : and • I.oto F:xl«m< ' 
noB.-,' For >lv!nn>e \'Mtriii at tlw Olympic 
bp w^otl^'Fi)!;bllnf; by I'roxy,' a faroo, » Dec, | 
183a, followwl bv "Dancing fbcLifu'and. 
*Nol a W<.<rd.' OlWplayHwere'Dominique 
ib« roNvmrd;' ' FaJM Alarma,' hu <i])«ra; 
'Spirit of (Ii« BdVacnmicoTwrai 'lliisli!' 
anuiical drutui 'Tha niack DumJiio,' an 

opi-ra; *IUrliara, MBi.-iiil09li, k ('o.,'afarc«, 
wriiten forl'owrr: an<l 'Tlii! Iriili AmW- 
wdi>r.' Ho aUo wrote ■ Voldi, orlhn Liber- 
tine'* Son,' a pn«m, l(>^'0. 

(Gtnt. Mug. JiiiiiiiTy lH5i>. p. OD 1 Yon bare 
bmrd of thtMn, l>y g.. lam. pp. U7.63: Go- 
nal'a Engtiili Siiijtn, lii, 613 vt taq., riit, 684 
vl *K1.; Ciiijtlen'« Rogvr* and Ilia Contcmpo- 
rnrlm, panim (Kttmcy'ii diritiian nntno !■ 
wrongly gitcn n> John in Ih* tmlox); HakM^ 
Biflg. Di»m. i. 130: I'nwwM D fnn.pii- T.ij 

mun, p ;nft. Uablin i:&iv«»ity Hag-Jaonotr 

lese. pp. 14-24.) (Tc. Ti. 

ifMI), Irish j.'siiii, wa* bom in Ihililiti oa 
7 Jniy 17711. Wliili^KiTriniCMiinnpiirpntiuo 
to n conn h builder hn attmi'i>>d the ntt^ntiun 
of Dr. Tliomaa lli-ingh jii. v.J, wIiom- evening 
Hohool 111? lltll■Dd^•d. anil by wboni hn naa 
Mint Iu Carluw Colloge. Ilr nftfi-nnnU went 
to Stony burnt College, and fnlvn.-d ibi? .So- 
ciety ol Jmii« on M Sept. 11^04. He earn- 
plel>-d hi* MiiuliA^ with miicb diMinctiuu at 
the jmuit college- in Palermo, whet* tie was 
ordained print. The Knelti^li, who occupied 
Sicily at theiim(.<,fonnrdaplfln,iThichram« 
to nutliiof;, for iilit-niliiiK l'o|io Piii» VII, 
tlitMi held captive by thl^F^Mlc)l, and Kmno,V 
waa tdaeteil to act as interprrTcr U-tWiiiii 
tlie]>o|i«aiidluS(V8CU«r«, He'alBuminiiili.-rvd 
an catBolic chnplain 10 tli« Briti»li iruqis in 
Sicily, but wan ordvrvd to diiwunliuue hiv 
(ervicca by the gormnor of Malta, and the pn>- 
Uibit ion «a« dMioiuiccd by (imtinn in parlia- 
m^int. Mo rL-ium<<d to Ireland in 1811. and 
■nn-1-datieofihi.-pnroclitnlckupi.-lain Dublin, 
wherr he acquired BTMt rmo wn as a pn-achcr. 
Ui» friend Dr. Murray, who wtw ibcn co- 
adjutor to tbe Arclibitbop of Dublin, on b«> 
coming: pratidMit of Maynooth CoUt^ in 
1^1^, tiominatwl Kennny 88 rice-pn-ftident, 
which potil ho bcid for about a year. Kvniiry 
wHH mainly i]»,truauDtol in reviving lh» 
jcjuil miwion in Ireland, and wni i[A 'upcrioi 
for mnny years, bfcomin|r •uhn-niiinily ita 
<tre-ptovinciul after the Irish miMion Wna 
mude a vice-province of the e«cii-ty. In May 
I0l4,a few moiitli« |)r<<viou6 to t be re»ti>riilioa 
of tlie jMiiit iirdor l>v pnpal bull, be opiMied 
Clonjtowea Wood Kildore, which 
lia4»ino«br^i ibt^ lending cjilliojiclny Hcbool 
in IrcJand, and in Intv-r year* he nidod in lh>f 
Mtablithmeot of St. StiuiiiJnua ('oUrne, Tul- 
kbeg, Kinff'a County, and of the jwuit n-H- 
dunoa of St. Francis Xavier in J^ubliii; Ilo 
wae alvu of much uMistuuce to Mary Aikm- 
bead [1^. v.^, the fou»drv-Mof the Irish tiBtem 
of dianiy in llm inMitntion of lier religioua 
ooDgrogntion. In Ir-ilU and in If-SOhowaa 
Mnt by the Catlier-Kencnil of tbo ordar aa 
viailor to the je«iut miwiDn in tbo United 




Stfttci, kn<l in Jiilv 1833, dtiriiii; tbe jioriod 
of ttiB«fCuadriBit.,'lie jiublii-lii-il lliognnmirs 
^eenaeonililuting ilie AniHnraii miuion d 
pforinw of the ficiet}: In IrvUnd !>« wils 
«>niUnll;r »m]ilo}^ in cuiuluctinK misiiciiu 
«nd MUfatx. IIo din] in Itome oni 19 Nov. 
ItUl, >ad WM buried in tlio cburcli of tlie 
Oon in tliDt eitjr. 

KMini'7 vfiui one uf tlii* matt ^mioeni 
pKBcliuni und tliT<i>l'j^-inii)i in ibe etlkolic 
«liurdi in IrvUnd in the eorlf part of lhi» 
conturv. Hia slylo of eloqiunic* rMcmbU'd 
tlut of O'Cojinell, end wrka,it.iiii[|iitcil,niiicli 
fldmlrtd by Qnltan. MunuRi^ripi vo\na of 
b» ' MediUIimu' nro proiiftrvcd. Hi? l>eu«a 
Mvvnil tinu'D a bintorir of tJie jusuits in Ire- 
luad, but ilici not cnulinue it, Tkero it a 
liortrait i>f lii(ii iu MuvuuolU Collegtt. 

[Hojptii'A Chrun. Cm. of the Irish rcoTiaco 
a, J.. p|>. 86-9; I'olcy'* Iteconl*, •». 414; 
Olivce'a CollactBtira 8. J. ; Itiutenb?'* fiulilin 
inralla. pp. 113-10; Mo»({liPr'it Lif" of Awii- 
liinhcip Murmjr. |i|>, S0~tl3; Lifa of Aluiy AlkeH- 
hesi). bf S. A., biiblin, 1879; EikIiiIi l{«i»n 
of Camoiiniianen of Iriih EJucBtion lutgiiirv — 
EridcDCo of iho Rev. Palitt Konncy, Latijin, 
1817: Iriili lluntlily, ivlil. 1. -J, 4,d, 0, !), ID; 
Iriih EcctMinolicitl lI«(»Tii, Snl Mr. sii. TD4~9..| 

P. L, S, ■ 

liJ^t)^ liililiciil H'lioliir. wiu Kin of Boinkinin 
Keniiic'}tl,burlM'T und jmrisli i-lL-rk ufl^tniM, 
|)Hi-<in»liirv, biiriud :M Maivh 1770, nnd of 
li)iwi['u KliMbutli, bnri«ul 13 Jan. IT4II-'iO, 
awt wboM ivRiniiM their von in itftnr yi»r» 
cnotod « l«rgo tabln-lomb io Tntnm ohnrcb' 
yud. Iln wntt bom nt Totncn on 4 .V^ril 
171$, and Hpunt >iivun ywvtb a* n fuiindulinu 
Ixnr at tbu gmininikr scuoul, uudrr iho U(-v. 
Nicbottw Itoo^ Wli<Mi ITOuiie be troa v^ry 
i<>l)d of booki anil of mitkic. Tbc rpgulntiona 
irkich 1i« drew up for tint ptacticA of tbo 
Tatnuo rin^n. ana dai«l 8'Nov. 1742, arc 
quot«cl in l'i>lKh«b!<'ii ' IVvoiiabire,' i, SitO, 
■■d 1m piTf> a brana oii;lii-liKht c&ndlwtielt 
(at iIm iisfof tlii> rinip-ni in tin' b>-lfry. Ilii 
4Mt appoinlDinnI wm tliat of nuurtrr of the 
bhii-coat or charily *«)iool at Totnos, wttcre 
hi attratlHl attcntiou hj aocou dioit fOtma, 
tile obii'f of whi«li wna ' On tlia tbooTWV oif 
Clw lliw. yin, Eli(. Counrnay ftuai W lal* 
danmniu* lllucHi.' Thit wm printi>d in 
«UMn an ia tbo noa wMJ on of Mr. E. W'ln- 
dMtt oTTotHS (ffWww ^»i^, iti. S4tit. 
SubacriptiMU weve «i|ainad fur hia aupporl at 
Oxford, and, niainlT lhn>U)ih ibi' CourtennTa. 
Ralph Allen, and iW l{ov. William liaiLto. 
luaMor of Dhoidnir* si'bool at Tiverlon. hu 
nalriinilatml a« torvitor at WadhamColUga, 
Oxford, (1 .Mareb 17't3-i. wbenee ha wrote a 

warm lMt«r of I hanks Io Daddo on 30 Hank 
1741 (Hauihxo, r.iwfon, bk. ir. pp. 88-80; 
Grit, Mag. 1791, p. 23:!). Ilowojiinfiatt*!' 

hibitionor 1741 and 174!i, nod)f(i.e,II?bn!Kl 
(.-xhiliitioiirr 174.)-", und bibli- oU-rlt S JIaj 
17l(i. In order ihnt ivf taig^il bn eliijiblfl fuT 
a fvUowidup at ExrUr(.'ollt>^,andaiibvh*d 
not tvaideu long (-uoii);li t<i iiuoljfy in th« 
usual way, lu) wua uiade ( in ivccordancv witk 
tho recommtodatjon of Lord Arran, clia** 
cnilor of ihn iininw^itj- 1 U..\. by derrmi and 
willinut'«xuniinntii>n,deirq-iDiiinli<iD nl L^int, 
or fa'a,' l'O Juno 1717, nnd wru duly uleded 
1(1 nfi'llovrship, which ho n-tui nod until 1771. 

IllA SUbsoulIFUl dlllfTFOS •O.Vtv M.A. -1 MbT 

ir.-,0, IJ.D. « Dei-. ]7lil, and D.D. 10 Dm. 
17t!l, and in ha wtu ploctfJ l-'.K.a. 
Kennicott was iiwtriictad in Ilebi«*r by P>«- 
f*JMor TbomM Hunt (16!l6-l77-()[q. v.J,aiid 
thn Kn<u(or pnrc of hia lifci trita Rpenl in tha 
coUtitina of llobrow manuacripia. Hia prn»- 
fonnonia woro formiuiy voorn iiii.'i.'ii4idi'raliU> 
Ili-wnaWlutyUiill pn-ut'licr iiUint I"-').'), vicar 
of CuUiain, Oifordblui«, (rum i\ iiopi. 17M 
lol'^ain to the n«wbi4bopai Oxford 
in ITeO.andltitdcliffelibmrinn at Oxford from 
NowmUT 17ii7 Io 17t<!. In July 1770 b« 
wua nppoinuil to a cnnonry at WoatuiinilPT 
Abbey, but aoon ratiftDod it for the fourth 
Btttll lit Ciiriat Cbiiroii, Oxford ( I Nnr. 17T0). 
Kroin 1771 to 1781 Ei-iitiieolt hrtdtho virar- 
a|^ofMi!uhcniut, Com wull, which wa« given 
loliim asB fullowof Exeter Coll^i^, Oxford, 
by t]i«i d«Mn and c1inpl«r of Kx<-i>>r, on tha 
tvcommvndniion of hm iilo«dy friond Iluhop 
Ijowth. Tliii. jin>fonncnt lie volnnlnrily ro- 
aifHiodin I7>'fl inconK«]U<moQof bii inability 
to nwidu ihon.-. AOvr a lingrriu;; illncas 
luMiuiciott died at O:d'ord. 18 Aii|;. 17^ 
nnd U-A8 buried in Chriet Church Cailiedml, 
closn Io llinhnp lIorkalcy'R ((rave, nn Jl Aug. 
Ho luiirriod. on :$ Jon. 1771, Ann, iiist«raf 
Edward CUnnilicrlayiio(aftcm'imUM«n>uiT 
of th« treuuty). Another of Chum I vrlayne^ 
aiatera was nife of William Uarirard ItobcrU 
[q. *.l,jirora*tof Bian. Mr*. Keanicutt irtt 
very inondly wiih Itichard Owen CSambriilite, 
the iMt of nhinn mndo hor nor)tuiintaiini ui 
178it, and prautod hc^r us ' fsmmu by haviiiK 
aludiiil Hubrevi' aflt-r marriiifio in order to 
aiaiai horhiubandinhi»wlit>unof th«bihla] 
she lf«nt it M well OH to onnble ii«rra«lf 
aid him vaiy caientially in copyini;, eX: 
iiijf, and rtrn'mait' {Diarf uf MaAiwn: 
&/ay,iii.-J.t7V. nishoo Bamnfiton left Iwr an' 
annuity of 100/., and from Iltibop rortoiM 
»h« niwivod a leiniey of AOW. iU. ptrr c«<it. 
stock aa his ' dear and plnaMUt fri«nd Mta. 
Kannioott.' f n innBory of ber liuaband nnd 
lor tliB pnoMtion of tlie study of Uebnw aba 



nier to 
i> bihlai ■ 

1i«r an^l 




tetndsd two •cliottnhipB at OxTonl, vhieli 
took allKCtofi Ii»rd«uh at WtutUor, il> F<-b. 
1880^ atti her nkmo in prrpt^iuud in th« 
biddutit prayer UDoniithaboncbctnni oftbi) 
unifi^niit J. NumcTuut l<-ttpr< in nnil fnitii ln-r 
miB ID Itobnta'a ' Alcmuini of IlntiDnli More.' 
KeDBicolt's LTVHt work was liiit ' VvtiiH 
l^alaBUfatum npbT*u.iini etim VurJis I^vc- 
uoRtbu^' IM Tol.OKfonl, 17T<i. fo). :;.'nil vM. 
17^, fol. To thq Mcond volume wn» nii- 
Baxnl a ' DUwinatio Oonorali* * on I iu< manu* 
acripu of tlw Old 'I'wiamcnl, whi<-h wm 

nar and nprind-d at Bruniwirk in I "(Si by 
Paal Jbbim BninH.a ualivi.- of Ltibvek, vha 
w«»emploved bv Kpnnkorc iDiMllaliiigmaiiu- 
aoripu at IL)m« and «la«wLei«. A copr «f 
th* tiDtini work, ibe rsMilt of mnnj jt*.n u- 
•Jdnoui labour, wa» nrniimtvd by hmuiicntt 
iBMnicii to Unor^ III. In I7rj.^ Iu< i«mcd 
'TMHtaluof Ibcprintrd Hebrew, Toxt of UiL' 
Old T««iaUMiiit ciHiBidcrnt, a Ui>»i-rtntiuD,' 
(tad inlTMIiebrau|ihtauta twcoiul iliaaerla- 
tion on ib« mum mibjvct. T1i«M volume* 
wcT» inn«latrd inio l^tiu by yf. A. Teller, 
and publiabtHi at I.cipci^, (lis flr»t ia 17M), 
tbo Miconil wilh adililir.nii in 176A. Itiii|i(>p 
Lawth iiu>|nKd him with a d<->iro to tot 
tbo aecimny nf thi- lliOyrew u-xt of ibo 
Old TmlDmrni. IliaRiiicalL-xaminationaf 
ibn niiiiiDtcripl'* bejcno in 17>'il. uni) wh«ii 
Seckur. lh--ii liidtMip of Oxford, ur^il bim in 
Marcb 17'i.S to unurrtulic their rvnular colla- 
Jjon, hi^ virldml to ibi* nijiii.'M. llin Inboun 

Bulf in I'Uiiiland for bU eitl anioiinuuJ to 

fl.IllM.7*.«rf. Inl-tanctlbnOiicdKNivi-riKii* 

«fl«<iura(;iil liia di'Mnn, and be irai pnrmiltcd 

to euiuitin Mrtain roaouicripti at I'nri* in 

17tf7. By lb* Viofi "f Ui-nmark's orUrr tJiu 

■n of MX vi-ry aocii-Dt nuuniHOripta vru 

Hpred.f'iur iguartn vtilutnM of varioiu i«ad- 

^Ug» wm »ent i« biui by tlie coininaiul of ibe 

kiflc of Sarliikia, and Ibu sladlholilcr of Hol- 

lanil trnvvB yvnrly donntion of thirty ^itini-n>. 

Hit limr li-port 'On th* CnllnlioH of iho 

^^bw ManuHcripti <>f tho Old Ti-tlnmnnl ' 

^^^HhrnnUd to tlu- Mtbu-ribrr* in Ih-'cvm- 

VOTMV and a nimilar alDti;in«iit apjimrtd 

■Bcili yearutitiJ Kll!). TLo coiii|)Ii.-li.- H^ri^n 

waa ikrimI in o«i» volume iit Oxft^nl in 177u, 

and tlw rt^iowa w J7»W w*tc ln»ii»lal«i into 

liBtin aail include] in tht> ' Bibliiilbpm lln- 

l|»*a ... a NicnUo Bnrkny.* KiiinloQit wna 

twiMi (17'iH and I7iii0> rvfun^il ponuiMion 

, borrow mamiKTipiK fnitn iliu Bodleian 

Imry.bul be aunt In it on 17 Doc. liOOlbe 

pt «olUlMina which he bad tbeD 

rMl of hts i-ollntioae, wltlt bla 

Ddencw aad mucelUnmus codina, 

' iit 6nt defOMUd ui Uw Radclifle Li- 

bnirr, t rari>f<*n>»d t« t1i*BodlMan Libnty on 
In May 1^72, and now i-Mt ia tho n*w mn- 
teum. ' Biaboi) Barrington ({aro in 1 820 to 
theBodlpian l>ibmryama»of Ambiolnuia 
and papan wbi«h hnlooKrd to Kennicott. 

Jobniuin Kaid of th«o invi'oiiifBtioiis tbat 
' allhotiiih Ibu Ivxt bliould tiut be niucll 
munilud ilii-n.'bv, yi^t it waa uo «iuaU advan- 
ta(p> to know that we bad aa good a text M 
the inuet conbuniautteindattryatuldiligrae* 
could jiTOciire;' bill tliey wonooiMUMd by 
lOiDe critics for ioaccuraev, and by tlielItiteh-> 
insoniani tbraughthe feclinff ibat tbovmi|tht 
kad mrn tn raliie the letter Tatber tnan llis 
apirit of ibe bibleu A volume called 'Tlie 
printed Hebrvw Text of i)ie < )Id Toslament 
vindicated. An Answer to Mr. Kennicott'it 
inga in 17M (Miw. Dm.ixr, Anlo&ioffraiAy, 
in. t>2>i), and Juliu* Bate [q-t*.] piibliabed 
• Thr Inn>(jTity of th« Hebr<(w Ti'it viitdi-' 
caimi fr\>ni the Ohjcciion* and MiaoomlRie- 
tiona of Mr. Kennicott,' \'M. An anony- 
tnoiis pani|>blet, 'A Word to the Tlntchin- 
tonittns, nr tCemarka on three Sermniii^ Ulely 

ftvached before the Uiiiveniity of Oiford,' 
7l><i, wait wriit<>n by Hnnnictl, and (tmr^ 
Honm [q. T." rrinlinteil with ' An .\p|oIo((y 
for ciTlain (ipntli-rni-n ia tbc UniviT«ity of 
Oxfonl,' 17rjtl. Home jubniincntlv isafled 
'A Virwof .Mr. Ki-nnicoti's Metb<«I of Cmv 
rrctinRllH! Htbrrw Text,' 171KI; but iu ibe 
end they bi:cnine iitlHched [riciida. Tbomat 
Kather/onb.D.D.,Kiiig'iiprar<«eor of divinity 
in CnuihrriJpe, imued in 17(!1 a li-ttcr to 
Kennicotl oii bia ■ Diawrtaiion,' lo which h* 
at once replied, wheivupon Kuthirrforthpub- 
lifbed a second iMtcr, and ilip IU-t. Rictiard 
I'arry came out with ' itemarka on Dr. KciU- 
nicotr* lA-tli-r*,' 1763, 

Kennicott met witli ptvnt opwisition 
abioiid. There appeared in 1771 'Lultt«e 
d«M. I'AbbAde ■ • • ex-profeaaeiir «n lle- 
breu ... an 8' K<(nnicott,* puriiorting to b4 

Iirinted at Itomn ami cold at Pari^ and aa 
-^ngtiili IramJalion wai Rtriiok otT in 1773. 
In rrply tn tbi* work Kennicott at once 
wrote ' .\ Li-ttnr to a Friend oocaaioni-d by 
a fpMich I'unphlet [anon.],' 1773, stating 
that it waa the composition of mx Ca^iidliu 
in the convent of St. Honors at Paris ; but 
it is aaid by Jones to hare been inspired by 
a Jew called Dumar, who had bora an iw 
iili>lanl lo K<^nicolt (Jovt», L^t o/ Il-ntt, 
pp. xxi, 84-109). BrunapubUiihedut Itomo 
in 17(m a Latin vemion of this letter by K«i- 
nicotl. ami added aunue iMter* of his own. 
Another defence in reply lo iliis attack was 
written in 177S t^ the Kev. 6eorg« Sheldon, 
Tiearof Edwanlaton,Siiffblk. In Italy iber* 
appeared a cenaatw upon Knanicott's lettan 




■a 'Dm tilrcs primitifn itu In ltt<velBlioii unr 
tinbr. Fabrirr, IIoiuu-,' 177^, 2 vote.; but eie 
diicf ojjpoueuts wew in Itermniiy. O. G. 
T}'cli«!n proriou iicci] liU work ' inftnni, rui 
luini'ii udempliim.' ami in thu ' llibliotbcco 
Ofieiilftlis' ol' J. II. .Midiin-'li!i, |rt. xi., tlitTL- 
opp«irr>dn»ovi?rpcriticiiuioii liis firal volume. 
Kcnnicolt ttu-n tout out u long Luliri •.'pislli- 
to Miclindii. wLitli wut prinird at Oxfortl 
in 1777, iV|iriiiii?<l in r1ie noaiv jrear nt l^igi- 
«ig. and uiBerloil in iho iwplftli port of tl«i 
' SibliothecA Oriontnliii' wJtli tliit criticiiniii 
of Micbavlis. .\(tM tln' ptiblii^ntinn of hi» 
eecond Tolimic KL-niiicnii dtfx up n brief 
deCntcain Lntin.'('onti'fti.-pliemerj(IumOoiit- 
timnuiiim crimiiuitioiicn.' utii. A full liat 
of tho piecua B|;iiiuBt Keuuicolt is wA (o 
linrc appauivJ iu iJie * Catalogue of ICnglish 
Uiviuitv," sold by the D;en of Exctc* in , 

Tbe four roliimpii of Uc itoui, pulli«b«(l 
at PamiH, l7&l-7,witUauupp<fudix in 179ft. 
forai a »upplcmfol to tlie ' CulUlioii'i of . 
Kimnicott.' Uu ilit-m art-lMtiedtliFi editions 
(if Uoi-dt-rlfiu Hiid Melsiier (Lfiiiiig, 1798), I 
Jnbu (Viouim, 1H)C), and Boolhroyd (Pon- 
IvtnuTt, l!<l(l-ll)). IVhbursI, in his - llc- 
brvw I.pxicnn,' niado much me of Kennicolt's 
inijiiin™. iind J. I.. SchuUL^ tmnflntwl inlo 
Lnlin iinJ pubiisliLiI nt llulh- in 17**:; the 
IK-britH' iiitirniivlai iuii <if the bouks of Danii'l 
and ICjini, wliirh Ivi-nuioolt liiiJ lirsl edited. 

Ilia olbLT wcirks were : I. ■ Ptiein oii tliB 
Kuvorirry of tliv Hon. Mr*. Eliiabcih Cour- 
tMiay' [oaon.]. Exi'(i>r, 1743; ^iiJ^ir. [Ox- 
ford^ ItJ". Only a few tfiui(« wnr" printed 
of till) (Iwt C'lilioii. Till." Indy wn* tbi- Hon. 
KliinlwlliMi^ntasii.whohod iiinrricd KcUoiid 
Courlciiayof I'ninif'inl.m'iirTotni-ii.niiil ciin- 
trihulcd to Ivenniditt's miiiuii^iiiinpu at Ux- 
ford. Ktnnicoll'i a inl it was Iter lady's-maid. 
a, 'Oiitli.-TpitjofLifuiaPuTiidiBf: uCrilicul 
Ditwerlatixn >»\ (il-hi^wb ii, ''-■J4,' '747, 8vo. 
Thin nri>vok('il (in iinmivmoiifi sn»wi<r rnlled 
'Ah r'limiiry into lli<> Mfuiiinj: of ibntTcxt 
tionooi* 1. '2^, with nn .VnnwiT to Mr. Koa- 
nioott'« ltitfrpri.-tnlion of tile siunf,' 1749, 
■lid ' itirmurkii on Mr. Kunnicotl's DiascTta- 
tioa.' by Itidiard liiil'ord [u, v.l 1748. 
^. ' Uii tb<- Ubiutiuii of C'aJuand Ab«l,' 1747 ; 
:tiid edit, of ibi« Biidpreoeding volaine, 1747 
aUo. 4. ' Daty of 'uiaiilctiJiiviiig for IVsoe,' 
1 "49. fi. ' A Letter to IJr, ICinjf, orfJiaion'd 
hy Lis late A]ioIi>gy, and in pnrtinibir by sudi 
pan* of it IK nri' mount to dnfiiiuc- Mt. Ki''n- 
nicoti,' 17ofi : a cniii>tic attai^k. {See Kino, 
WiLLUM, HSSJ-17(la,l 6. 'I'lirialian Purti- 
ludtr. A Svrmuu jircadicd boforv Ibe Uiiivrr- 
•ity al St. Jlary's, (Hford,2& Jan. 17A7.' It 
wafr laachcriticiwd.andTaaattackvdin'lt^ 

and in 'A Criiieal DiMertariotionltaiobTiJ. 
13-1)1, in which tV !^ntiiTieni« of l>r. Kannl- 
0011 ar« cordially and imparl inlly examineil,* 
171)7. .\ second I'diliiin ni ihc mTm'm,' wttli 
a list ortURfntii'lmodiin th» ltpmarkb,'caiiiir 
out iu 1757. 7. ■ Si-nnoii l^-furc Ihr Uni- 
vorsily of Oxford," i7Uo, t*. • Ketnarlu on * 
Print cd Pajwr eutilli-d "A CulaloKUU of th« 
Sacred Vf#«t'l« rei»(ortd by Cyru*,"" ITtW, 
aitribulod to hini by Walt. d. ' Ri-marka 
on tho4:;and 4.^ IVid'inj.'[anon.], n.d. [I"Oft]. 
I'liis vma rwHin Ibllowi'i] hr a *imiliir irea- 
liflu on Psoims -if* and R9. 'I'lu'wr, when 
tnmsluted into l.uliu with nn aiipirndix by 
Itruii', wifFi- publiahied bv J C. t. t^diuU at 
lieipii)( in 1772. In ifiil iIil- ICev. Henij 
lliniork miUi^liod * Notes on ibu Pealm«,' to 
correct tlie errors of llif- t*xt in gramiaar, 
from tliR rnllniinnn by Kennicott and Da 
KumL 10. 'OLncrrnlionii on Pirst [toolc of 
SamueljChap.xvi. verir li),'l7liS: tmndalod 
into Preudi. 11. -Critica Sacra, or a Short 
Inli^Klnction to Hubrcvr Criticism' j^anun.}, 
1774. \'2. "Ob^i^rvationB ou Sareral Paa- 
Nig(is in I'nvcrb*. With twuSemioua. By 
TiiomitK Hunt,' 177,1; tbev wfr» edit«>i bj 
Kennicotl. 13. 'The Hab'baili. A Sermon 
prt'Urhed at Whitchnll and bnfore tbo Uni- 
veraity of Oxford.' 17ir'l. 14. ' Iti-marka on 
fwlijfl PaMttffi-H inllnitlldTMlatni-m. Willi 
l^ig'ht Sc-rraons, by llie lata UunjamJn Ken- 
uicoil,' 1787. PuMislied in couMMjuunco of 
diNvtious iu his will. Kcnnicoit nJao con- 
irtbuted to thoU.vfurd vi<iws on (ho death of 
KnHl<-rick.pTiric>.< of Wales. His library wb» 
*old by Tom Payne in l"ft4. 

[Gcal.Mng. 1717 pp. ■I'l-'J. flOS, UQS pp. 
U7 0, aos.fl,, SlltS-8. 17Tl l'. 6!0. ITS* 
pi. ii, pp. T IS, 741. 1789 pt.i. p, 2S9. IBSOpUi. 

S. 282. 371; MHotny'i" Ilodloinn Lilmirv, Snd 
Pj'. 1 111.260. l>fl.1. 306, 372 : .Nich'>l*'K lllu*tr. 
of Lit, iT.Me. V. 627 ; -Vichols'* Litcnuy Aae^ 
dolus. pnHiai; UavwrllBJoliaiDa, cd. O.B.Uil), 
ii. 128. it. £»» : llihry o( Mndumo d'Arblay, lii. 
337 1 M»c>-ll. l)Kii(ia1. «i Hondd-ilad lor. I. 146; 
Tm lit. I ■•^1111. Afxcio, \H7S. itiforoiiitioa from Mr. 
11 WinJojti of Ttiiaof, Mr. T. M. llnvonport of 
Oxfonl. and Mr. Ii. B. U.irdlner of i4l. Paul'a 
School) W. P. C. 

KENNION. KliWAItn (1744-1809), 

urljtli Wits born on 1^ Jan, 171-'^— 1 in IJTnP' 
jHxil, where his father, J amea Ki-uuion, waa 
entrag^^d in busiiiesh lltsgraiidfulber.John 
Kennion,waiifor ninuy year* niininlerof Iho 
(unitarian) Ancient < iiapd nf To;itetli Park, 
Livi-qiool, and nui. a man of hiifh educntiou. 
.\ kinsinnn, John Ivi-nnimi, look chnrmi of 

Edward's edui'iil»in.plHciuf;'ii'''''''''^'>'J"''f 
Holt's ^'liool in Liverpool, and aundinti him 
when ho was nittieti lo Mr. Puller's academy 
in London, whera be probably first luarneu 

Ken n ion 



dranrinc. In l7(!21ii>uiIix)for Jainiica,aii<l 

joiiMd Ui0 oxpcdilifin npiiiut tbf [InvDnniJi 

Bfldar Sr Gmrw PcxyK^ko and tl» Karl i>f 

AlbMuri(», in wtich John Keuniitn vrtu i-um- 

miMUjr. AfUv llii' i^aplure of ibe jilaci> ha 

retURi«I to En^auil ii>r n timv, but nginlii 

wpnt out to Janura in 176-') to tuperintond 

John Kiffinioi's Mlalm, mid remiiiiwd there 

klaioal continaoaelj till Julr I "ffi>, when he 

ntimed to Englnnd. By > cximmiMJon dated 

April nf tliat vror hi- Ka< >p{Hiiulc<l nii 

■«UB|)i, with tbu rnnk erf lit-^tt-Miiiiii- 

aloiMl, to the commmi'li-r-in-chivf of th« 


On miiUbs in England Wennffed ininide 

(a London. Hi* Biamag» in 1 1 74 with Ann 

Baqgougti. a WoTCrat<« Udj, broujilit him 

MIMr ftOf»ny, but hn ronliniud in Iratincsa 

till 17BS, wbon ho miml to Ilydd-OnfMi, 

nr«r Malvrm, About 1771 Iw lind iiuLdi< 

tbr adfunintnnci'of Gwiri!^ IlaiTct, 1{..\.,and 

ia the Mlowing yuarn a(y>iitll[ianied liim on 

aketchin^ toun. At lCydd-Gn«n bo occupied 

bimaelf lu making drmwiii^ for it bnok on 

Uad»e»p«- pai lit i pg vbii^h lif hail long eoa- 

iKDplaMd. In l'l<l appramd in -Ito So. I 

^a wnrk on rptnaina of aniiiguity. wliich con- 

incdfirr pcriju'cliTi-vipwi of an client owtk-B 

th"WL-iiili border. nnd ihtvi-^Tuund ptnn^ 

,rnive«l in lir.i.' In' K.'>i>dfrey, withfiillde- 

ripiiond by Ki-nuiitn (ef. Au(m ohH QMrrHV. 

Ii sTT. iii. 'M3). The wiut«n of 1787 and 

I Ths wen paMvd in liondon, where h« gnve 

I drawing kuon^ and in IT>tn li<> rmnnvod 

thitl>cTalUige(lier,«doptiiig ilir pmfoMionof 

■ t*-*clwr and artiM. 11" wm ndmitti^d n 

n«nbeT of tbo Svintir of Artidn, and vna 

^^2 0Dn«iant contributor of lancLfcaptM to ita 


^^|Kd was alio a (ctluw of ibu ivwi^-tr of An- 

■ liqusriM. Heexhibit*<i i-iRlit iftinlscft|"'» at 

tlic Hiival Ac»d<?iny boiw.'pn ITWand 1H4)7. 

Umowltile h* ri^nrintiod li iriirk ni liix book 

on 1andii<spri< during frnjiii^t vitit* to the 

nrifihboiirhood of I.ivnrpool and ibo Muitliili 

UkLi. In 171X1 be rlclied eight pUli>« aa i-\- 

amiilDi of tlip na.k-tTi«. wliicb werv publinlii-d 

wilD a prufam a« Nu. 1 of ' E!^riti<!nt4 of 

Londaeapc niid Pictuivf^ite ]tvHU[y,' ob.jlo. 

TbedeatB of aauDcU, Or. K«'iinion,a Liver- 

phfMcian, in 1791, iii<-nia»(>d bin r*- 


th» pR>f>of4il work, llui proji-ct bad cx- 

pnndM) inlA an exhaiwlim trvaiiii! on tbir 

grapUie art in 1 voU. Ho laliourt-d ui it con- 

Bcientioiikly. and linnl Brraiigi'ineDts wnu 

iDBile for the publication of a fir»t volume 

(«r1r in ISOO. But before matters went 

furtliiT Kennion dt«<d suddenlr in Londoit on 

April. Hrloftawidowan^ foitrchildren. 

Of all Kvnnioo'* coUecttona for hia large 

(TitprpfiM-, '.\n K«**y oil Trvvi in Landscape" 
wiui alono found ready f<nr pn-H>. Tbia uroji 
iasuod in 18lfi, many of (he plaK'^ hnag (^n• 
gTBTod or finitbrd in aquatint nnd iinft Kroutid 
eloliing by bi» non Cbnrliu [sev infra J. The 
volume, IT bicb is in folio, coutaiiii Uftyi?ti:b«d 
and aqualinted Dialer, a preface a bicgn- 
pbical notice, an<1 forty-eiglit pngei of lett«r- 
prcH. With a ciijiy in the MaoolMst^r Free 
library 'four lar^ iiupublishri kaiUcapM 
by Ivtfnnion. nnd lix »tHdii>« of Ircmt biMinti- 
fully rtchcd by H.W. WiUlnm>.'wiT« bound 
upia li*4i. Tbt-fiLiurtundnraiii'sarviiofterround 
elcbiiig« hIt-.-r Kciiiiion by Viviim9,fuldedan 
gTiards. Tlieresorui* uorvaoon toautipoMlbe 
• NX siodiet were after K^nnioii'a drawings. 
A ioH around rt<'-hing(in th<* pre? iint writ*rii 
collection), nnmbi>n'<l nlntn xxi, and dniixl 
I 1 lli-o. 1706. wnB piibli»brd in thn volunio ns 
, ' platu XI. June :;7. IfU.' It i.i mjjnpd 'i'.3. 
I Kennion,' and isinainly by Kvnnion's iu>n. A 
feinall proof «oft ground etobiu^. on whiob 
I ia written 'Osk at Northan, near Enfield' 
I (aUn belonging |i> ibo ntViSent writer), has a 
' Afpar: nnd cnttlr introduced, a* waa ufnatlr 
I Ibu aae in Kriuiion'a flniahnl dfnwiniifl. 
Konnion upldom painted in oil, and hi»or>rIier 
work wiiBUMinlly executed in Indlim inkund 
i pencil, but he nubM-qiiently tinted bis draw- 
ing and finallr. under Ibo influenco of bia 
friend, George 'Barrel, painted witli a ftdl 
6lr«nglh of colour. ]I« oonteoded ihat it 
was pOMibte b_y tlie touch and mnnii'T of lUe 
cxi>ciitii>n to incli<«te the exAc< fulmgvi re- 
preufntud, nnd hi> pniciicnlty ilhiMntied bin 
Miinion in hi* drawinpi. Un bud n vctr 
tuomiiKh knowledge of the principW of art, 
and drew with greul Hkill and accumcy. 

Charles Jons Kexsiok {I"f9-18G3) 
patnlvd in »'aier-Ci>luur much In the ttylBof 
iii' father, and hia drawings an* int^'nwting 
nnd wkII tininhrd. Ilo exhlbitnl between 
IKM nnd 1853 twpntv-»ix Undncnj-'a al tbo 
U'ivn!.Vriid<?tny,nndfiveat ilicSurfilliStrrMit 
Oiiiten-. Il»dicdin Kobert Htrort, llrgenfa 
Purli, Ijniidnn.oii 10 Sept. IbaS {fiait. May. 
IM:), ii. b3»). 

[ilrnioir In Kcnnloii'* Ruaj uii Trw«; Da- 
TiK t Toxtaib Park Clinpel. 1S81 : Gnra't Diet, 
ofAnista: pvirnte infarmation.) A. N. 

KENNY, S*iST (rf. r,m?), abbot of 
Acbndli-bo. [Soe CjlIXKHcq or Cakxicps, 

(IiJiH*-l8BT), rompilorofiiiiionlioiial works, 
bom in I7(^, k«i>t for mnny year* a 'elowi- 
col catablisbment ' al 5 pjtiroy Street, Vitx- 
roy Square, Lomlon. He wna an accompliidipd 
cliesa-plaver. He died on Itt Nor. Ihdf.aged 
79 (Oenf. Miff. 4tb ier. v. 113). Hia com- 




pUoliuiu include: 1. 'Pructtod CbuuiGrani- 
mar.'-lio, lyiiiJon, liSlZ; Sududit-sttmeTiAr. 
3. 'Practical CliMS EtercUM,' 8vo, l»iiiIon, 
181t». S. 'Wliyaiid Bvcaune. Wn^a coll«> 
tion of fnmilinr QiiMtioiis nivl Answi?M on 
mifarjraU rclnling 10 Air. WkIiT, Lijclit. nnd 
Fini, oliittvd from till) Irpncli.' l-'rao, I^ndon, 
m-M; It^tU ndil. 1A'.1. 4. -Thu Mnnuul of 
8cimu«,'18cao,LDiidun,lr^. 'i. 'Oni-Tlioii- 
sandQui'OliuDB.vritli lli«irSululiuiit.ori(.iold- 
nniili'« CimnuiBr of Ow^rapliv.' iHiuo, Lou- 
don, Ih-'mI. 0, 'TlioOramraatical Omiiibu8i 
Of, n Motliodiirnl ArTMiir«ii*nt of tlio Impro* 
|irinti'«frpqmiiiliii\Vriling«iiiM^oiivnrp«if mn, 
7. 'Thii Improved Ffncli Ward-liook . . . 
reviwdtiv J. Duprut Mi'^riRon.' 1 Smo, Luiid-m 
(IWilt. '8, 'Till- Iniprovi-d Italinu Word- 
Book. I^IDU, Linidoii (l.'^)l). fl. -Tlioloi- 
provdd IiuliiiTi Pliriise-I^iol;,' Mini, l.nnd'iii 
(l(lS4|. 10. 'Imjirr'vpd l-Vi'iipli Plirnst'-nrKik 
. . . icvUnd by J. Diiprnl. Mi-rii;oii,' IJmn, 
London (i868F). II. 'SchcHjl Ui"oi(pu|iliy 
■ , . [witli]nTreali»« 00 Aslronouiy.' ll'mo, 
IjOiulon. littiii. I<ieuny «>dili'il ediientional 
worlu by oilier wriiers, oni1 tniiiBkiinl, with 
noto*, A. I>(inicaii Philiilnr'o ' Annlvsis of the 
Gmob of Chnw,' ll-'mo, imu. 

[Kenaj't Worki.] 0. 0. 


i^fl. l(lN)|,].liriiioittn«idp'«ri,iioii orSiiaiiicl 
((•iiiifh ijf l.4.'i;,'1i| Uloucaitpntiin!. whh burn 
aboLii lilo2. iiud ciiliTud as u H-rvilur aC 
Cbrisl Clinreli. Oxford, on SI Mnrcli HlftS, 
whence he proc'-eiled Jl.A. Iiififi, nnd M.A. 
1674. .\i <Ik» agi' of iliircy-rvro, wlmii hi* 
portrait win rintrovnd by It. While, Kenrick 
wnji procliiiini; n.1 a doc:li>riil hi.-> imlivi.' Iiiivn 
of ^^ orcvstfT. nnd vrus mui^li Fnli-i-med llii^Tu 
M ' A tnau of wil and u jolly compAuion.' 
S«VHrt1 poems by ' Dr. Kwrick' apiivar in 
* Tbi> (tr<iv», or n Collwtion of Ori([innl 
Voeia*, by W. Wul-li. Dr. .1. l), Mr. 
Drydi-n, Sir liutlirr, .Sir John Sacklinj;, nnd 
otJior iiiiioi'ni hand K,' London, 17^1. Ki-n- 
Tick'a ' tali^it',' il is dt'ciarvd in thv prefiic!', 
' ttVta equal in panej'^irk, nnlirv, nud lyric. 
Tlivn in n fire and xprlKhlliueM of thinking 
wUicb rniw tbroiigh nil hti copi>i>, nnd to 
tliii pvrbupit Im owi-d Ihnt hiiKli< in hii writ- 
injt wliioh mndn him wmnliinc* ncir'iirf"' of 
}Iarm<>ny both in Hiintu uwl Numtirni.' Wp 
Ipitlisr from the raiuu oourirt- thiil Kenrick 
was on t«nai of inlimucy wiih Mtr. IMin 
and PuKell ilic iniMic.iaii, and tlinl he <linl 
befonp the pnblic«lioR of 'The (Inivi-' In 
1721. There nrv tiomo T«t*«« tigtimi by Ken- 
rick in tho lil^b vol.of Drjrduni ' Mitm-Unny 
I'ocmii,' «nlitlod ' L'pon a Oiutit Angling.' 
TluM', however, nra M)d by Clnuiger, 'onthe 

informntion of Dr. John Wall,' 10 hani beta 
(n*lv borrownd from n work call«d 'The 
Mock ]{omuaV London, 1653, trtiik in 
Pratt's -Cabinet of l'onlry'(18(M)tbMeMnia 
liriM are BAaiinwid to Ur. vVillinin KinK(16GS- 
I7l-.i) [4. v.] TbB pn-faec to 'Thit Opow»' 
decloTM tlial K«iiricK look defHU'i indivinitjr 
(w w«U M nhy«ic. lie niuy ihertrforc bo 
idnnlicnl with Daniel fvpiirick. D.D.. who 

fiva^hcd iho nMiit »nmion at Wofcii«t«r io 

[Oronffrr'H Biceruphiail Itial, iv. 326: tho 
llojin'B Eoirnncr Book, Chrini Cliiireh, Oifonl; 
Drvdon'a Miui^lUny Poenm, vd. I7IT1 v. lutli 
Ilril. Mn*. Cjit., irhero. hovi-evM'. Kenrick i« 
vnirritl wiUwut clirii>iiun onmc.) T. fi. 

KENRICK. JOII.n; (I7»i 1H77), cliu. 
»iciil icbiilur and hiBlorinn, wni oldcil son of 
Timolhy Ki-urick [q, v.], by kin first wife, 
Slory, w1io-e maiden name wru ^Vavulouth. 
Hir wn* bom nl lCxet*if on -1 I'V'b. l"*'". I» 
1793, 1 he ynurof hi« mothers ilenlh. h*> Iiegnn 
bia i"diicnlion Under Chnrles l.lnyd, 1.I..D. 
[c|, V.]. nnd made nuch progroM ihnl in hii» 
twelltb yyar be wna iidinitted tl7W) tn tho 
Exi-tt-r Hi^ademy ns n s1ud<^iit for I lie iDiiiistrv 
under hi* fulher and Joseph Itretknd h\. V-l 
Thnran* Foster llHrhuui rlTijti-ltmi [ij. v.) 
tjuighl him ((.TTHinn. Ili» (Imi eiip>..rieneij 
in Icuching irii« ns locum tcneriH for .Innies 
II<.-w»Bran«b]rfq.v.lnt Moreton naTnpEli>nd, !Sovenib<ir 1H)-I,uhcn lu'liiid 
Sir Jribn Bowring [q. v.] a* n pupil. On iho 
dinrolutloiior th<-U:Xetpfncitdflmy(L'.> .Mnrek 
l(*0.j) he conliniK'd bin IheolDgicnl studio* 
under Jobu Keutith [•]■ v.], in whose hou*o 
al. Birminehnin h-^ wai a pupil fri)ni Junu 
ISM till lf*ri7, when be eut<T>id at Ghitigow 
I'niversilv on nn nxhibiiioii fmrn the Dr. 
Uoniel \ViUiiim> iru*'. Sir llonjnmin liny- 
wood fq. V,] wrm bia foUow-Iodgor during bis 
Hecondund ibird^'eimal Olnigniv. 'i'lielong 
VBCAliouHgiire limi tiioe fur pedestrian ti.>urA 
in tliewesT^m highlands. He obtninod di«- 
linctioni in logic, dafnic«, and pliysical 
■eicncp, nnd gained thp CJnrlmori' tfold medal 
for on essay on the KnK!ii>hc-on>t it nlion dur- 
ing the Tudorueriod; liugrtiduntftd M.A.oa 
I Mny 1810, 

On leiwint" Olnngow liu necepled n tutor- 
ship in'chiMic. bi«lorv. and literal ure at thi> 
MnncbeiTtr C'n!lfg>>, York (now MiiiiehealiT 
New C-U.-ge, (Isfoni). UmbT Olnrlea Well- 
beloved I <[. vJ .\fter n unnimer spent in 
11 reach insf in Exeter and the nei/hlmurhood, 
le Hvltled iu York, and nt onee mndn his 
tnark an a scboUr and disci plinariuii. Thn 
dulio dovolvingnn a ri'uid-'nt tutor rendered 
hi« poiilion an.xioiu nndirknotiie, lie twico 
li-niWedbiBri'Bigunlion ( lt*ll nnd |hI7), hut 
in July 1B17 he waa rvlieved of all rcsidcutJal 




WWOHiil>ilitj.«iwl frr«»i'vl a ywr'tibiincafor I 
■IMJ in licnnany. Ho wm wecompaiiied 
kbcnad h^ the theologickl lulcrr'a HcondMiii, 
John Wrllbelora), who dird at Homburif. 
I>uria(; I ht- wintpr wmetUr lie Mtailied hutorj- 
*t UutiiiiKi<B unilcr Bt«ran, aUMultiir also 
tim Uvluret of EicfalMWn and BluoaooMcJi ; 
tlw (olluwine BummerMOiMtot b« do«ot«d to 
cbaaieal (tudV ar Berlin under i-'. A. Wnlf, 
BoMkh. and Jtumpi. and nttiiidnd rirblirii-r- 
■nKlWaciMrTCaf jihiloEHipliy. llaha<lr<lu- 
aUuiBtrodwctionLiacludinfEonpioilii.- Dukf 
«f Ouiobertand. liiva naidin^r at B^ilin. of 
irliicbi huw--icr, he was unwilling la antil 
liBMlt After a tour iu touiLoni OerwanT 
Mid Swtist^nnil be retuniud lo York in 
Smtemtwr li^iO. 

In l<^5 Tliomaii lleUum fq-v-]' brochfr 
of iii* rtu]wot bnr, i-DdMmur«d to imuim him 
M (uuiiiaDt at Khvx StrtTt (.'Imfipl, I^ondon; , 
but Kcnricli hod duw fi.wd biiiiEcIf in Ma- ' 
ic life, oBi) tbnu^ an able exponent of 
«n ih«oIagiFal[iov<iii')D,bAil nonoof the 
of ■ popular preacher. H" renininoit in i 
aa inlor at York till WO, liif i>lnci> | 
_ inMiliinlbf aMiMlant-ciiInni during hi* , 
abMBC* DDOn ill-bpalth in (h<> two Kttiao* 
7-0. In IftIO, wken ihnoollpfin rcrcrl«d I 
Ynrl tiiManchcartcr.niul took Th«iiain« i 
iliTKii-r Xifiv PoUejtp, Lp bivBini^ pre- I 
hixlory.and Md tlim clinir I 111 1 '<'iOi ' 
naiHl tu midi! in Vuiik, (^iiit;t->Man- ' 
dawter (o deliver hi* Wturei. In is&l lie 
ma appointed onoof thi> liuton of tlu* col- 
kffe,a jKiu which li«r«l*intr<l until hisdoatli. 
Kaonrk «'Mi,b«]rondqii«»ti<in.tlwirrMt«*t I 
adtuinr of hi* drnoininalion, tliv «*iu«l of 
I E liMWf <'op>B [<|'V.j ill (^udiiion, and kit 
^Hpiprrior in culture. Ilu piiiUilnpcol publi- . 
^^ttioiu bvlontt to th<! pniud f'>llim-be upon 
^^Ba atudiea in Oennanr ) hi* bialoTKal works 
^^ft hia laur jeata of mereawd li>idutv. Dr. 
^^brlinean, who has apolwii of Kenrick no 
' I be WMMt uian h-r ever kneir,' dcacribw liin 
kiaiorieal IrctnrM a« ' nodal* of MUctJon, 
eomprawion . and pKmorlJon,' and nfmnla hi> 
I nn ■ Vlwnla*' «• hi* ino«t pnrtnanant 
lUtiiin ici biitorj-. He w*« a frllownf 
iciTof Aniiiiuarips.onpoftbi-foiindfni 
tbo YiickiUiiw ] hiloBopbitat Socii-lr. and 
iruf ibedepaTtnimiluf anliquitivftinits 
Ib^Cwik coUi-ction iu tli<^ boqii- 
hu^ alMtheca«t of ibn obo> 
af Nimn^l in tho entnace hall i>f th« 
niMmun. Hi* tli»>>1o|!y, whil* munntiallT 
i nf ihe olilfrr unitarian wbool, wu mndi- 
in it* con»cr*niiim both by his niiical 
jnmla and br the timplicitr of bin reli- 
glotia UiiM , In |iri\ at<^ ioiiTcourae b!s eour- 
leoiHd)(naii]r,sfMniixan(l*uourB(e speech, and , 
■nciaira ImaouT lelV a «lrong impctOMon of i 

taaom of poww and Awea of eharacler. Id 
poMOB ha wa* of middle h^ht, witli a ligbt 
l)Ul w<dl-knit framu, and a noblt- fuTebead. 

Ho died at York on * Slay 1877, haTinfr 
pKHcfred kid faoultica to ibo gTMl *^ of 
eigiilt-iiine. lie wb« buri^ on 12 May in 
ihoYork oemalerir; hi* fiinvral o^niDn n-a* 

IiraadiedbyChailMWiilwi.-nl. KiHporinit 
in* bii'n nngnrtid. lli> miimcd.on IS Aug. 
1^5i, I.(rtitia (rf. S7 Sit>1- I'*'", i««^ ^l.). 
pldi^it daushtcf of CbarlKS WcUbr-loved, his 
collenfcue, but had no iisue. 

I li- publislied, bnidw lei'on alnfflo aonnoti* 
(]'4|4-;{ti), ini-ludin([awnnoti<7Juiial827>' 
befrirf tUeBiilishand Foreif^ rnitarian A»- 
aocialion : 1. ' AOrammorof ilin l.niin Lan- 
^ifl|;«> by C G. Zumpt. TmnsluU-d . . . 
with Addition*,' ftc.. leSS, ^vo : Itb edit. 
IK.'W. (4vo. 2. ' Kx«T«aM of l*iin 8jnUx,* 
Jtc., ard «lii . 1 83.5, 1 L>nio (alio ' Key ■ lo this). 
3. ■ An Introduction to Gr«ek Pm»o Com- 
p<Mition,'.Vc., pi. i. 2nd eilit. IM6, ISsao; 
pt.ii. 1nS5, ll'mo(rti8i>'IC,!ys'tobotbii<irt*), 
1. ' "HpoSoTou oi Ai'jii'miH AoytM. Thi^^rypt 
of TI*roi!mii«,'&c., IMI.Wfo. 5. ' AnEmay 
iMi i'rimx'vii] Ilittory.' *c., IWO, lAno. 
B. 'AncirnI I'lgylit undcribisI'lianiolis,'&c., 
U»i), Bvo, 2 Tol«- 7. 'The Value of lli» 
Ho!yScriptun.-i,*A<^.. IMl. lirao. ». 'Me- 
moir of .'"liti KrniiBL.'pri-lixedto'.Serniolu,' 
INVl. I.':. I.. 1. • rti.i-nida.' Ac. IbW, fro. 
10, ■ BLi.jjrujli.ijiil Uiriuoir of ("hnrle* ^V«ill- 
btloTi-d.' otp., IsfiO. WvofriwinlfldfKna tba 
■Cbrislian Iteformer'), 1 1 . ' Biblioal ExayV 
Sk^ 1HV4, limo (n-pnntod from p^riodieaU. 
tli« matt imporlanl br-ia^ 'Un tJiu floeuel of 
Mark.' rrfinnK-d a* tho prot«\-ane«lion). 
li -I'lipcra rni .\rc1uMlof:v and IiiMorjr,' 
.\:(^.. IfiOl, l:>ino. 13. '.Memorial* of llut 
I'Tfcibvtfrinn CbBpel, St, SariourgatQ, York.' 
Ac, York, UOO, Hvo (oriirinBlW contribuli^ 
tolho'i:uilarinnller(ild'inl«i). In IS32 
he editol for Ili'liop Hlnmflnld th« fifth edi- 
tit>ii of lb*- lr»n<Uiinn of Mntihiac'a 'Ureek 
(irammnr,' by Mdnnnl \"ftlt:nlini! Dlomlield 
[q. V.'. ibf bi*hops yoiinger brother; and 

!iubU»hed ■ppnrali-ly'dN'W) an _• Inilei of 
{iiotntion.i ffom fireek Author*' containod 
in it. His mauguntl leelur« in llie chnir of 
liistoiy is in tin- ' IntrwJoctoTy Diwoursiw 
... in .SInuclieMer Now CnlleaV/ Ac, H*ll, 
hTO. lie contriliiitcil biiKmnliif*! and cri- 
tical articln* to the ' M-nitbly lEi-piisiiory,' 
'CbriMian Ititforoipr,' • I'rtupective Keriew,' 
and otli«r prriodicnl*. 

[MaDoirripl nutolii«tmp1iy to 1810. benn 
1S70 and Cnishnl It Vvh. 187!: Koll of Stn- 
<!i<nt>, MaiichMler Oall<!|t*. IMH (witb hiaqu- 
vrrpt luM'liora); ChriMiHu Mfo, 13 Mujr 1S77, 
11 'ioi.l«79;loqDirw. 10 Maoris'"; MartiuMo'* 
I& E*nyi,ReTii;iri.Bad Addn«««. 



IBM. L »T M. (NprLnUii bwa tha TbHlocbal 
II«ri««]; PMnH'f 01d«T Swooafytnity of 
IVroxlwm [18891. p. 53 : unpriniod leVtin of 
Bi^lahHiii. WrIlbpIoteiL ami Ivvi]r>ck.] A. H, 

KENaiCK, TIMUTHV (1750-18041. 
Ilniturinn I'om initiator, ibird icn of Joliti 
Kenrick of Wymn; Hull in rlir pnrinh of 
Kii&bon. DMib>gh«hirp, br Miirv, (lait(tlil<.T 
of Timolby QiiAnvU of LluiifyllLii, Motil- 
gompiy«hif«, WM b^rn nt Wviino Hall i>ii 
Stt Jan., and bitpt.iiind nn It Fob. 17-'!). IIU 
Mioeslor, Ivlwuni Ki-nriclt, wiw ownernf rhn 
Tnlbot Inn. \V(v.xhnm, in ItfTii. In IJTi hi- 
enteri-tlDaventiyuNuicmj' undnrCnleb Anh* 
worth, D.D. [q.v.l. aupCL-edt-d in 1775 by 
Thomu Itobiiu. Wliili> yc't t, atutJeot k'u 
H'U chofton awiManc-tulor in cl&uiu*; diir- 
ing one aetaion lio raad lectures for Robina. 
wbo loct bis voice, nnd on ltobin«'a resipna- 
tinn (1781) ho continued iindor Tbnmnii 
llvlsbua [i]. v.] Its cluiical and nftcrwnrdii us 
mat lionutical tutor. In Januury l7S4li<-btv 
cam B colleague to James Muntiiiijr at ( k'urj;[i''i 
Meding;. K.iotcir. anil vrwt ordulnud iIiltl- »ti 
SdJiily 17M. Tlin two jMsror* worked WL-II 
togrthnr. tlioiiffh Miiiiniiig wiw an Arian, 
wliiU' Kt-nrick lollowi'd I1l'I(!iihh in thpnlojii-, i 
and drem- up (l"!i:;) tin.- pri-iimblc of tli« ' 
Wwteni l'oitJiriuiiSin:iply.yicIucling.\riun». 

Ill I70t' hi> dvulirii.ll nn invilatiuu to iUl> 
divinily cliair in tbo Mnnohrster Academy 
(nun- Mauclie-nter Ni-w CuIlt-g*,0»ford). In 
tliri »iirani<^r of 1709 li« opvaHd a nuncun- 
foriiiist nividi'iny al Exeter, liaving Josejili 
Drollnml [q.T.'iLt hitcoMljuIor. H? followed 
tlur Diivi-niry uimlcd, and linjl ilm ni>i> tif a 
libmrv fnmi<:<i fur tliu npnd^mv PBrriM on 
(101«)-17L*0) ljy.lo« llHllpllOftW-l"!'!') 
fij. V.]. and ivvived ( 17ijO-71) uiidLT.SDinut^l 
Merivale. In Keiiriok'a acadeiuv. o'biob wub 
finnlly cIomiI on 2'i Mnrcb iKI'i, uli^veii 
•Iud(iiit4, including Jum<-* IIdita tlrnnfiby 
[i], v.l. TWMjivi'd llju w)iol<r, and four otbnr*, 
tiK'liiiIing Keiirifk'd eld««l nan. a part uf their 
training, lv>nrick died guddenly wkila on a 
vi»h 1o VVnMhnni, nn 1'^ \nic. IwM. He van 
biirinl on L'6.\ui;.in tb«di«HnnI<'r>'gTaveyaTil 
«t Itliovddu, ii<-nr Wn>slium, iriiorn ibpn- in 
on inacriptioii lo bis memorv- Ho mnrrird. 
Brat, in 17Kt. .Mury {•!. ITSI.O. dnnphti-r of 
birlbto her aixlli child: Jolm, lh<* oldeal tmi, 
lawptratelynoticml. Iln marTiad.'MConiilv, 
of Jnnii'* ll<>l>ham, And siitprof iiis formed 
tutnr,liut liiidiioia3uebvUii-twuondniorri(Lf«#. 

lie pubUihud four ulaglt aeTmODa^l'S^- 
ITSri). and tbcro appoai«d poathnnioiulr: 
1. ■ Didcoutsea on VariouaTopic*,'A4!.,lW.% 
8yo,i rol*. 3. 'An KKpoaitionoflha Ili^ 
Unoal Writing! of thoNuirTcMAmeDt,'&o.f 

I 1S07, Rro, 3 vola. (vith ' Sfnmnir ' by Jobm 
Ki!nti*h[q.v.j),aworkof^jit nbitit-viirbich 
wtdl n^riwenla the cxi:^[e«iG of the afd«r iHii- 
lariun school. 

KB!(sicK,Qeo&aB [ IT92'lt*74). fourth knn 
oflheiibove,l>omat Exeli!roa2HUt.-i. I7{>2, 
brciiin« t papil of I,nu1 Carpeuler, LL.U. 
[q. r.l, Ptudipd at OlMgnw Coil^-e { I80»-I0l 
and ManchMt«rCo)l^ra>V(irk (1410-13). anj 
wii.i iiiiitarian mini«t«r at L'healorfiald (1^13- 
1NL1>. Hull (IW8-2I), Mnid«t<.nfi(Ite2-6). 
IlanipUtiud (1(«1'11- l'>l, und DaitU- ( ISIA'7). 
He v/m a trusteo of iir. Willinuin's found*- 
lion*. 183S-aa In IHK) lie retired iu «■• 
fneiblad beallli to TunbridLre WelU, vthtn 
hr died on 2 Dec. 1ni4. He married, firtt, 
in 1^17, tlio youngvot dau(thlnr of ItidiaTd 
Hodfcson, Ilniturinn ininiiitor at DnncMUr; 
aecondlv, Lucv, Biitcrof Sir .lohii Itowtinj: 
lo. v.]:'ttiirdly, Sunili (d. lisSlyi. dnii^htitrof 
Thntna« WuliLTH. He ]>ub]iii)i(^d semiuui and 
comribult'd to tbe'Mnnlhly lEepuutory ' and 
olb<T pi>riodiivil*, 

pMi'imiir pmliiid lo Eipoiition. 1807 (»• 
priiit«i| III .Monthly Itppoaitorr. IBUS. pp. $7 pr\.): 
MunlhlyKupJiitory, ISIH p. UJO. IHri fp- l"?. 
MT •») : Slureli'ii Iliol. Prtmti, and Don, Hapt. 
Cliuraiigk in Wml of KnuUnd. 1S3S, pp. lOS iq , 
Si)7»ij.i Inquittt. 12 Dne, IH7*; Jmnij't Priw- 
Ijterias I'uiid.IllHi.pp.IiOSit.].; PntmiT'* Illdsr 
Nouconfomiiiy of Wtathaiii [1880]. p. 76.1 

A. G. 

KENRICK. WILLIAM f!72.-.?-ir7B), 
iiiiiH.s-llniii'iui« wrifi^r. Ijurn nboiil 17:15, wod 
ihe ion of u slnynialier al or near Wiilf'tnl. 
Ilorrfnrdibiro. tie vms brought up ax n Heale- 
maktT,or in»ijm>'inp.Ui'mplovni''nt,bui «arly 
biTuiuun buck writer. HrlnidanlronKloraof 
ii'.tiiri'*' 1 M jiTiliiM- nd'l pL-rvcru' torn piT, and 

V. 1 - iilii n ■[j-ii:il. .■!■!■ .iL-nl. IK- bfi'iiuip tho 
cuiiuv ut I'iitj ill ,ii)t ;iiid suce'"«»fiil |ierion. 
nnil »o nntorioiisa* a libeller thai f'nv con- 
di'iCM^ndnd lo iintwnr liiin. lli« vitniiy lifd 
bim to fuupyhimiL-lf equal to any Uwk with- 
out leri'iUB nludv. 

Hi4 llrst publieati'tn win a v-rse untini 
Mlled ' Tlie Towu," Ito. London, I71K. Iln 
ni!\t eililod a niim.'ellnTiy of pruae and verae, 
osleniiblT rantribuind by various writi-rji, 
fntitlL'd'''rhnKapfdinn,orPoi>'.icni Oniiiinry ; 
eouBiilinR of RTf lit rariniy of I>i*he« in Pro*B 
and Vcrwf ; rci-urampiidL-d to ,\ll who jinv e 
n froix! Tiwte or ketn Apputiti-. Uy Arcbi- 
mngiriin M.iinphoricne,>vo. l^ndon. It wna 
publiabed in six^mnny niimberB from .\.ii(rii«I, 
to Dti-embyr 17riO. Hit wrote u ' Monody' 
on lb* ileatti of Frtileriek, prini." ••( AVulra, 
London, 1751 ;^nd edit ion, snmo yi-nr. I'ndur 
llic pK'udnnym '(>n;{iloi.''i»" b<r'publi»hiHl a. 
Imct called ' The (tntnd Qui^Blinn Drhatod ; 
or, an Euay to Prai-« that t^ie Soul of Moa 





i« n^t, iwithcr no it he, [mmottal," Svo, 
Duhlin, 1751 ; wliirh wi« fiil|r.wc»l by ' A 
Kvply to tbi! (Iron') (Jufit ion Ui-bnlwli' fully 
Pronnf tliat thv Suul of Man ■•, and mtut 
be, lHiniorial,'8vo,L(init<ia, I'ul, di>dicaT«<1 
to tbe Arclibiabop or Canl^'rhiirr. lliit wm 
bia Bnt Mp M J ii wwt in tlia plan of ftuworins 
hiiBMlf whim no tuw Hm nrod to do (o (cf. 
hw iWriMMrfr, ]■. I8n.) In I7&i iw pu1>- 
linliod A burlMqnc called ' Fun : a I*Drodi- 
t^^tv«oIniFal Siiire/nltacliiiiK l''i<fld!n); itnd 
Ih-. JoJin HiJI (lrl«?-lr73) [q. v.l An iii- 
t«nil«l Eirivu* iierfunnaoix- at tb« C''U»U« 
Tavm).Pat«nM«<Fr Row, on 13 F«b. 1*03, 
wu aapptrawai), ar Kieldia|['« daMro, by a 
BMcialGM«tfrouiilioliM!dma7or«Rdr<)iin of 
aldrrtncn. Il wan uuinjrnoiwlyprintcil.nnd 
onnjni ■mrt preMRted lo all who hud lakiMi 
lickvts (BaKRB, Km. liram. \iiVi, ii. 233). 
Kearidi next ■iiackp') Hill (aaonymoiuly) 
in 'Tli« Pasquinade. With Kolee varionim. 
Book the Vtw: 4to, l/jodon, 1 753. A second 
book, «ppan^i»llj- iifvur wriltcn. wm 10 h»V» 
libolliHl Chriituptinr (iinart, with whom ho 
wvcal (hcUrocinvolrfdiaconlruTeray. Ac- 
eonlioft lo Kfinich'a aconuiil, Smiut hod nl- 
Toniswlan'Olil W-iuun'o l>uiiciud.' dirrdi-d 
avaiiut Kenriell. hut Kcnrick bad luUBO- 
<liat«ly piiblishml a ^tw<f w\>\«t th« Mune 
till*, uiKin wtikh Snuvrt almnOoEioi) his A^ 
n^inu^maadf.^.Wn.) Durinx the umc 
yew Kwirick wr»l.^ nn imilalion of I>od»l*y> 
'(KconoiB}- of lliimnn*' (which thon 
■ for Lord ("li.-st.-rlipIdV), cnllwl 'The 
»l>uly of Woman. lirftl-ady, Wriiten 
tthedMuvuraNutiloLcini/ISmu, London, 
t: 3nl «dilioa the laiou yt«r. lu MM 
nblitbwl wiiboiii hti name n r«vr cupi-^Mor 

bibMopbiic*! p'wu in nrloftvllabicf, called 

Jm to !»n>Mi^' Svi>, f,ondon, which 

I the prnUca of thn ' Crilinnl {Ci»vii>w ' 

. I6S<7). It waa retmblUhril with nltnrn- 

I na ' li'putl«ii, I'bil'Uophical nud Moral,' 

Loudon, 17M [I'-jfl: 4ihi'Uiiion. m 

_isllw Ii> Lon!iiJu>,' 17i>'{. III! Hv^lii-al 

n having Yt^xt t^ntatvA in thi? 'Criiival 

-i*w'(Ti. -Wfl-M f. K>-iiririi ilrfi-niM hini- 
in an aii'>nTRi'<iii fiamphlot mlled 'A 

atiny, or thi- Oiiis-kii wiiicii'd,' SiC, Bvo, 

ndod, 17of>. 

ji Jannarr \~h^ KimKck wa« nppninliHl 
t« asfciwd Uoldsmitb ua a wrili-r in thi- 
* Monlblv liiM'ivw,' and alatM that bi- Ct>n- 
lnb«t«l th« review >.>t f'jivi^-ii hli-rature for 
Tola.XXtii. loxviiii. riralsd rrvii'W^J (.luld- 
tonith'a ' Knijuiry ' in Xovcmbcr 1751* {w'l. 
3891i innvitinif al llm rv>^ii-it of tlie prnprtf- 
lor, Ralph Uriliilh* rq.r.J, 10 viln an nltuck 
Kpon OoldMnith tfiat <ivon Oriffitlui wo* 
••luuned of it. Kuirick wna thcMforc iu- 
ainict«(I to etplaio away hii inusiiatiunt in 

TQl. XXXl. 

a favourabli! critique of IJoldcmith** ' Cili* 
nen of thtt WorW," wliich appoarL-d in tha 
'Monthly Review 'fur Jiint- 1702 («vi. 477), 

Kenrick (auonymoiuily) tnut^aicd Ituua- 
•p«u'« ■ Kloi**,' 4' »ob, ISmo, Dnblin, 17rtl, 
For Ihn ' Kloim' lie Mxyiivod iho if"gtvo of 
LI»U. from tlio tmirrnitv of Si. AndrvwM 
lEvnptiu>M<m.i..'iOH.) )lc nlw tniwlalod 
RouaMan'a ' Miacvllaneoiu Work*,' S wU. 
Vitaa, London, 1TU7. 

Kenrick aauiUd JoknsMi*a*6liakcep«nro' 
(published OtoberliS.'»l,not without apei^ 
loin coaru; mnnrtiiiiwi, in ' .V Iteview of Dr. 
Johnoon'ii now inlition of Sbakf'tiM'nm ; in 
which the I){iioraiwe, or InHllcniinn nf llint 
Ijdii'jr i9i-x|v-]aed, and the iWt dclnndH] fnim 
thi' Fertei'iili'Hi of liis LVimmeiitatorii,' ^vo, 

■.omlon, M(Xi(nit^ViHA.,L\feiffJoha»iiii,rA. 
Q. B. Itill, i. 497). A thrcateined continua- 
tion nnn-r ap|>«ar«d, nor did a proini»«l 
dial isal inn of Jobuiuin's ' Dictionarr,' lo be 
^ntitlvd'A Hamblvr throii)[h i\\v tdler*« Dii}- 
lionary : in which am picki'd up Bnvnriil 
thousand KlyiuDlofrical, tMhojrmphicnl.nnd 
lA'\ico|rranhiCHl Ittiiiidfrn.' K«iiricl('< alten- 
iLon WM iliverted by a pumphh-t nriilcn l>y 
an Ok ford •Indent iiatned ]tar(>lny, entith-il 
' An Kxnminalion of Mr, Kennck'n Review ' 
[of John«on'» ' KlmkeipoHre ""', 1 7(l»l. He nv 
Inlinlvdwith'A IVfrncr'nf Jlr. Kennck'sR*- 
riitw. . . . Ity a Frii-iid," Bijli^criber! ■ R. R,,' 
Svo, l»iidon, 17(l(t. Johnimn wa* di*n!Fii»«| 
with Itar^lny fordoing what hfi dmimnml tn 
do Tor himHi>lf ( ib. ii. 2u9. T. 113 ). Konrirk 
again allaeked Juhniton in 'An Kpinllc! tn J. 
BoHWtill, HM].,occaMion«d by hit having lran«- 
niillod th« Motnl Writing of Dr. S. Johiwon 
lo Patrnl I'aoli: withaP<i4I'4rnpt,contniiiin(; 
roanaer of I'lutarph.«'n the celelfrnti^l 
I'atridtoff'orleandJohnWilkw, i:m|,,M,P. 
Ity W. K.. Esi,' 8r<i, I^n.lon, 17<i8. Ai 
Juhii«0[i'M nyjtieBl BoawiJI rvfniiiioil fmiti 
uiMweritii; (hilt and Knot hrri>curri]oii.< lilml l>v 
Kenrick, ml lid 'A I*ttn'r to .lumei ItiHurcll, 
I'j4ii,.rin ihe Mnnil SyHl.'ni nf the Idl'-p.'Hv." 
Krnrick mml in Ircliiri- iit the ■ iK'vil.' 
Temple Itnr. and otlicr lnveni§ on every con- 
ceivobk aubject, from Shnke^iniatv to the 

Sprputual inolimi, which lu ibnu^'hl lie had 
iacuvMed. Soon aft«r liia attack on Jnlin- 
«on li» iasutd proposab for a now odition of 
■ Shakmpearv,' with a conunmiary 'in a man- 
ner hitherto unnit«nipird.' A few priiple 
wrrrn fooliah roough to iubsiTibe, AUit 
»ijihl yenn had pward be infonut^d l hem 1 hot, 
in conKquenco of Gaorg* Stecrena'a com- 
meataiy, tht- ' intinid«d publication ' waa for 
the preMol ' laid aiide.* To conwle his attb- 
acrioer* be prvicntcd lliem with a uwagN 

Ken rick 


inglaloK^Dt of his imblic lcc.ttin?s, cnlled on 
•IntrciJuction to lim Scliool cif Slinkuspeun.'. 
... To whidi U Mided a Retort Courteuus 
on ilio Criiicltt,* Ac, 9»o, London [1774]. 

K*iiirii-I( wrote for the stagv, and tor a time 
■KBf piilriiniW bv (inrfick. An nbridg^roenl 
of Ins t-nmftlv " FnUtJiiT* WiMKrmg.' in con- 
tinimlinnof ^iiukc>iipcnr<:«" Henry lV'(piib- 
UmIii'iI in 17tK)>, n-mporformcdoncvatUriiry 
Lsny, 12 April 1700 (Obxbjp, v. 05). Two 
editions wena Luuvd in 178fl; otiicrs in 1773 
andl781. Garrick's refusal to risk u furtlirr 
npT«i*enlatioii produced Ktuirivli's' L^tlurto 
David fiftnick. Ran., on the noii-])pffunn- 
anc" of ■■ FntsiniF's Wndding," &c.' -Ito (two 
ndition*}. Another of hi« Rninpdien, ' Th<> 
WidoVd Wifo' tprFnti^d in 1767 nnd 1768), 
WM noted onfi Ul-c. 1767, imd nrnchi^ n ninth 
nltcraliKns [ib, iii. 'lOrw). Oarrick la snid 
to hart BCIi'd iingtitn.TOiisly in ih* <livision 
of flip prolii* (Eiuvi/jfan Mag. x. 19-21 1, Mid 
a qiinrrdl fulloivi'd. Ki-nriek r!inlirnf[cil (Jiir- 
riAloiidiifl. but bndiiollhfcournfpi to(ii(ht. 
(flnrnVA Whoii in 
ITTU Isiini: Itii'k-'rHtafl't- [y. v.] wbb drivc-n 
from Bocietv, Ki>nrifk ij-rcuflly coini«ctfd it L_v 
alltuion with (inrrick in a snrjrfi tiilitled 
' Ijitii in the Sud» ; n Town Ec-l'iRun. Iti'in^ 
thn Lnmrntntion of Itntcins for the Lriis i-f 
hi» NTky/fol, London. 1771', (latpnsiblycdited 
for nri ononmnom nutlior. Pfi-lixed is n most 
imjindcnt ItrHi-r to Oatrick Hij^nd ' W. K.' 
IWniti- (JniricV* nltt-mptB 10 Huporvu it, five 
editionnof the lilrelwuN publishi'd during thu 
Twir, eavli with additionnlpajit'rs and letters. 
The Uat edition conintne'Tboi'ofitical Alter- 
cation between Ilenndick iLnd Rontrlce,' ex- 
tntcifid from iho ' Morninct Chronicle,' and 
written in di-fi-ncp of QarriGk by Joseph llnod, 
the nnwmakirr and drumiitidt, ihongli ho liud 
himself quomlled with rtmrick (Ltsoxs, 
BittirMt*, ii. 431; Niciioi.x, Lit. Anrmt. ix. 
118). Kenrick h'ave a tnlnulmierount of hi» 
qtiamd in ' A Letter to lluvid Unrrirk, K«ij.; 
occa«iuQed by liio having inovL>d the Court 
of Kinu*» llench nirainsl lh>> nubllcatiou uf 
" Love in ihn Snd»,^'&c.,4;o, tendon, 1773. 
Eenrick flnnlly in«crt«d on abject ujiolojicy in 
iho ni-wiqiapcn for 20 Nov. 17(i. with which 
Oarrick profewsd lo bu Rati»fii.-d (Garrick 
CbrreipomtfjiiY, i. 177). Kfiipick nfterwards 
toIdThoiun Evan«(lT'l-'-l7Sl) [q, v.], the 
|)nokiielkT, that ho did not hdievo (iarrick 

eiilty, but "did it to jdnRUi- the fellow.' 
nuia nex'or wuiikc to him "u'"'" T" I77'{ 

KmItIcJi piibliimud a viri'.:i'"ii- ■ i:i.iii, 

'Lettor tn 1). Onrrick, f';-u,, "" In- ■ ■.■u.lin-i 
M principnl Manager and Actor ut i>rut;' 
lja». "iih a PrdihcM and Nolo* by tlie 
Editor,' 4to, London [1773]. 

Kcnrirk niiwoRorod hi^ptnystoCnlmuiat 
C'livont Onrden. !li>hndbndinl7<t8aTiolnnt 
ihi- DitfLTencenSc-,' 1 7<W ( p. t!0) had ridieoted 
the ' philonogihiuil expL'riuuMits' of Kenrick, 
and hinl('d ibut Kcnrick was traaobeiwiilt 
trying to supplaathimasmanager. Kftuieli 
r^orted with ■ nna ■ Eplule to O.Colmaa,' 
4to, lyindon, 1768; 3nd edition Baoio yenr. 
By Mnn^h 1771 thnrliad compowd their dif* 
ferenosi (CoiMX!i,Poithumtmi l^tim, ISiO, 
pp. ir,B tllj.nnd on 20 Nov. 177.^ (.Ooisn, 
v. 411) Coluiua producud Kcurick'i ounMdj 
'Tho Duellift.'oiwlueb tluwoditiotuwere 

Sri lit I'd in the tanw year. The play wm 
nmiii'd at once, on accauni. Bays Keiinck in 
hi» profarr-, of the iMenlEnent of tli«i aiitlii'iic« 
lit Mur.klin'K diiehnivi^. His coiuie opna, 
' Tho Liiily of the .Manor.' with tn»jii« ^ 
Jami.'S Ilouk, nltcnnl from t'hiitW .lobnsnn t 
'Counlry LatMea,' failed in 177tt (ib. i\. 
A!'). Three- editions and an alten-d veMtan 
iipnoiiri'd ill 111!' tame yeor. Another H.te», 
ciilli-d 'Tho Siumdlhrin, or a Chmtniaa 
lifimbol' (not iirinlfdl, w-a» nrtod for two 
niKht!! uUo in l77!t according to tho 'Bio- 
({tiiphin Urumnlica ' (iiL 296). 

It nuN p.^rhup8 with mknie detirv to pn>- 
iiiiinti' Kciirii-k that GoldsinitlieonaeatM in 

7US totuki? part tneditinsOriflin'a'Gentte- 
lan'tJniimal.'in which Konrickwas a lead- 

ing; writer, tn 1771 Ken rick, having gronly 
libelled OohUmith in tho 'Morning Chro- 
nicli!.' <ira» fom^l b^ noldamilh, upon aa 
nct'identnl luerlinit m tho Chnplor Coffa^ 
liouBc. to nilmit that he had lied. Aa aoon 
n* Goldfriuith bad left tli« rooni Kimrick 
ahn«ed him to the cutupanv, t«p(-ui \n^ various 
clandcm. lie waa probaoly al(0 the authm 
of the ntrtKnoiu attack upon GoUamith and 
Mist llorotrck, publiibed in tli* 'London 
the publisher, Er ana [aco imdur Oouwmith, 
Ot.ivrn. where the date i» misi'rinicd 1771). 
Knnrirk i" snid lo have been In the houao uC 
tho tiniD, nnd to have separated the co. 
batauts. and unnt QoIdAinith home in a 
(FoBsiEB, Life ^ Ooldimith, ieS8, ii. Ml 

Kenrick ceased writing for the 'Monthly 
Review' in Ijfifi.wheu he annoiuiCitd io tli« 
Dewsiiupi^ri that lio was about to ealabliah a 
new lilerary rL-vinw. The flml ntunber of 
hi* ' I.(indoii Ileviewof Knifliiih and Forviffn 
Lil_oriitnrc ' did not aojiL-ar until Jftniiary 
l"7'>. In t)i.- ..(lititig Kenrick wii» lallirrly 
■'--'-'■■'' I" !■■■ 'Ti, Williom Shnkr-.i|H-an> 
k nil. I,. mI... (.■ai-ried it on aflerbinrntlicr'* 
il. I'll iMdl JiinoirW). Tlic review contains 
nil. Ill- >ipo(i ni'Tmlwrs of nnry pr<>fL-«Bion. 
Kf I'M. I- ' »'-«--rTatio«uon8.JuDyna'a"Vicw 




<if th« iDlenul EvidenoH of tbe Christian 
Koltgiu<i"'('KiL iii,.tp|)pailix),'rriu fviivaod 
in an eularced rorm, lliian, Li>n(lon, 1T7B. 

la 1770 Ktnrick (nililuhiHl ' An Account 
of lbs btwiM WImi) of ]IntM-C'(uui>l. ia- 
^nnW<l far OrRrrKiu,' tto; and in 1771 'Twu 
ii<cturni im ton IV-qxrl nnl Molkm. an Ai»- 
[>rnr«l bTlbp Author,' -I to. lu 1774 li«i cot- 
pd iu'mrt ibe ' Poedcal Works' of Ro- 
LloTd in twoooiavo voluinn«.wilb a Ufo 
ibe author, r*iivnrkaW(> for WinK wrillMi 
viUiout lUlti*. In I77A bn <!i»nnioiicccl a 
■mUiioii of IliifTin"* ■ Naloml HLiton/ and 
1 rrt* ii tnunLiiioo iif totDv of Vultuir«'« 
ark*. Hit ImI und^rlakitiK wan au aiioiiir- 
trnosJuii'.iD of MiUui^ 'El«m(inla nf 
I Uutory,' i pts. Hvo, London, 1778- 
On 19 May 17"0 be mtitionad tlui 
ra-ffenenl for a pat'lnt tor a mn^nni- 
riBci|il« of Hilf-mutioii ( Ofiif. .Vaff. xlix. 
n« di«i on 10 Jiini! 177'J (lA. ilix- 
^•tid int biirird OH tlw ]3tli in (.'lieUrni 
hiirrli (l,Vr-w. ii. Ml), llin iKHtruil 
'ma RnffTaviil br Wurllil^ iii 1760. 

In bin Utpr vcars Krtirick ftddom wroto 
-without a bottle '>f brinilj at h\» riboir. 
Thocigh a nujvrUtiT* ncoonilrvl, lin woi 
«I«T«r, nil 1 'ly ^roiid of tlir niiiidity 

of hi* iri i 111* mcitv •criuDM vrorks 

wldom <v'ii]iii"i hiQi niorv ibnu Ivro days 
(PnpiiintJr. f.:iOn.) !iiiml!wTwritiinpi"'V: 
l.'PoQtiiH; l,iiilicr<>ud,Suiinful.Bii<) Moral,' 
9vo, Londiia, 17(^ i duw edltinti, nitli ad-U- 
UofW, 1770. i. * A new DJctioiiarjr of ill" 
EoKlUb La^mp. ■ . . To vbichispn>fl\i 1 
a KlttrtoricaJ llrasiinar,' 4t<i, London, 177;:. 
An AddrtM . . . ivupHyiing an Applicu- 
t« PuUamcBt for thn fart her Encoum^-v- 
tD«at ofann- IKMororie* and Invcnliona . . .,' 
with an ap^odix upon ' tho Ut« dtici*ioti on 
Iitof«rjrpropcrtv,''llo,I/)adon,lii4. J.'Ob- 
MjTstiomB, Civi) and CBuouical, L<n tbe Mar- 
ria^ CoiiiHct. a» vetered into <N)nfomitiblT 
to the I!it«8 . . .of ihaCfaurcbofKneliuid,' 
8»«, I^ndon, ma. 5. ' !■'«<• Tlioufriitit on 
SedtietiOB, Adultify, and Divnrco,' Sro. 
& 'Run] Pontnit, tranilated from ihu Qer- 
of Oonar/ 8to. 


[PrtM'a UU of aoidnith. i»t, pp. ae^c ; 
Fontw'a lib of Uoblamiih. ItSB, pMimi Cbal- 
nien'i Biog. DieL lii. S33-7: Baker'* Biotp 
biun. ISI'i. L 430-1 : FtDlkacr'i Cbcboa, I83S, 
137; a*ont>HB Gt». li>- &I0-7; Iruldsiaith's 
ImcUkmoo* Worki. IgOI. i. 103; Daritti'R 
_ >of Gurick, ii. 133: Hiupbr'* Lifeof Qar- 
riek, ii. t!, 33; NoUa and QocHm 3rd aor. xl. 
BO, 4th MT. z. 9, 6tb ter. It. 309, (Kb sor. riii. 
1907.410; OaLof AdToait«i'LJbrnrT,ir.I3l-J; 
■Tba lUcBatatiea and at IH. KonrirJc 
<• wJi'iaal piNi>>. l773:ThaKtnn-ki»l(aMllr* 
&r 'AiM*), ITTSi FMtical Retmv . . . a Sj- 

tirreiil Di^|>IllJ' of tile liters! ChuMctera of Dc. 
K*Dr**k (noUnlo); Cmns'i Cat. of EntfraVnl 
Pnrtmlw, li. 331] O. O. 

KEITT, Dr«E or a00l*-l7«), [&» 
iiiid«r Oket, Uesbt, L'^Ot-lCiAl.] 

.\.U0 ILSTI'S", Ilr-Ki-.,f il7'!r-l)-20).iiitin*, 
fourth K>n<<! 1 1 l.liyljuocii t<r, 

bom on J N i' Buckini^hikni Ilrjiuc, 

liad hi* oarly Ltliicnlioa in I'loglnnd under 
John FiahiT, auecnuirely U«bop tit Mxctur 
and Salisbury [q, v.], mid oompletod it on 
thecoQtiiipnl ijuJi-r Iliirou Wangnmhoiin.wilb 
whom h? «jMnt two yuar* (l7(U-7)at Luna- 
burg and Ii«no^'er,andiwoyMramor»a(Q«- 
Gol'innl. Waitti'inbcini tnmlcd him with 
nnillcvi rliiour, ollonnd him only n Kuiniia 
nndubulfa nwkiKickct-inonoyout of Uioan* 
nuiiy uf i.VUiX)/. tirovidvd forhia mointuoiuioe, 
and iiiliTO-fptcd uuilHteni home. ThcpriiiM 
acL-ordini^ly borrowed lai^ly, and tlie dabW 
thus tout rada'd w«re(i burden to him lb rougli- 
out ItfiF. In Jun* 17B0 be CAai« bomo from 
(i.tnnvn wnlbout Invo. The ktuff wa» much 
ditpknsi>[l, gaxa bim p«mnptorT ordort to 
crmbiirk for Oibrallar, and nw b'im for only 
Gve miiiiiliM on the ni|ibt bofon: h'l uileu 
( 1 Fi-b.) At Gibraltar be wo» put in com* 
mnud of the 7th ri'^^immit of foot (royal 
fiMilicrat, IIi^ Bt onoa abowed himaelf a 
tboruui.'h ni»niue(,and bncaaie bo unpopular 
iK'UU bin m«n that in May 1791 1m was aent 
lilt' iiiiidii. 

liir wa* now in rocoipt of an incomoof 
r>,U0Of. a year, but out of tUi* he bad to nay 
iha tnt«r(«L on his debt*. In Uctober 1<U3 
he WM advtuicvd to the rank of Dujor-genenil, 
luid reofrired at his own T«quwt urden to join 
SirCharlM (afl^rwanla Lor<i}Grey'Bforwia 
the W«8i lodiM. Tbe naTigalion of the St. 
Lnwiwnce betoc int4TiTiipied, ho travulled by 
land Bt GOii»id«mbl>i n).k from Quebec to 
Itoaton, and thoro took ihin for UaTtioiqu*, 
wlwro h«anivod oai4MBrcii I7tU. In com- 
mand of a brijtadeof STOUidiiini he look part 
in ilie reduction of (£at ialand, and alio of 
St. Lueta, waa bonounUy mentioned in ii»- 
patcbM. Bad received tlw thanks of porlia- 
ment. On the close of the operations li« i«- 
tume<l to Canada, and on lu Jan. 1708 waa 

fromoled to tho rank of lieutenani<f:m«ral. 
II OotoVr 1799 ho wa« inrulided by n fall 
from hi* bom!, and rvturaed to ICnjiland. 

In Mar«h l"!"!) narliomeni (jrunted him an 
annual income of W.OOO/., and ou 'J3 April 
he wna raiwd to tbepi-unu^-aii Duke of K(>nt 
and Strathuru and Earl of Dublin. Un 
10 May Im was gaaetled geanni, and on 
17 May comDlaIule^i■l-chi•^ of tlw fore«a in 


Britieh Norlli America. Up. suited in JuIjTi 
but was fcimiwlletl by ill-licuIlL to return to 
Kni^luid in tli# autumn of tW f'llluwiiiiiyi-ar. 
On lil Marcli 1802 he wt» spjioiiited ptvenior 
of (iibnllu, whnro Iw ami^ on 10 Mny 
with trxptvss inatrueliona fmm itic Uukc of 

thrdiKiplinoof the garrison. wliicliwiunari- 
ouelj dtonoretUeil. Ili^uocDriliu^-ly iisued & 
general order, furbiddiiii; any but ci>iuiui»- 
eioaed officers to oiilvr the wme-«bopa, bolt 
of which — tlioro were DJnely on tii« Itock — 
li* fummnrily cIommI nt n pnrsonal sncriRce 
of ifiCIOL a year in lio-niing foes. The in- 
cenied wino-Mllers plied tlii> soliliera n-itb 
liquor Krntw, and a mutiny, to wliieli it was 
thouftbt toiuv of tlie olBrt'r>< wciv privy, brok.» 
uul (111 Chrixtniiw <?>■.> I80i?, The'inatiny 
ira8])romjilly niii'lli^d, iho-i-of tburiDglcadore 
had in thn fbtluwini:- March 1I16 duhe vta 
Koallod. On hin return to Rnmland be de- 
manded a formal inviut ikraiioi of hi$ conduct, 
which was rT'fuBnd. iln tbon asked li he 
permitted to rrtum t>i (ilbmltar; this also 
WB» rpfujcd. He elill rtmniiicd nominally 
governor, but wiihoui pitv; thi* sinnditif; 
ordera lie had isMwl while m coniinnml irere 
■M Oalde h^ tlio Ueiilnnanl'iinvcrnor, Kir 
' Tkomas Trig^, and tho fpuriion n-hitMnd 
into its former conditloiL On 7 i^ipt. I8O0 
the duke wiu K^'^'^tiDd fl«ld-maniIiiLl. nnd on 
21VN0T. followini{k<'pperandpnlert>f Hamp- 
ton Court. For «>nie yt-nr* be reftidyd ut 
Cosllo Hill, near r'aliu^, taking litlle part 
in Btuto allkira. lie was, honnii-or, ihe ron- 
i fidani and advitfir of ihi- Prince of Wnlua in 
I hi* matrimonial dillieultiri. In l^lti lie '>p- 
I m*od ibn l{i.>)rrncy Bill as uneonstitutli^ual. 
1 InlSl^haBDukeiu favmirof onlboiicetiinnci- 
[ MlioD, and baconw a patron of the Dril isb nnd 
I PoTMgn School Societ V. the Anli-SlnvLTv Sn- 
cirfy, ibe Society for ("niiri'ilinit Clirisliaiiity 
nmon^ ibe Jew*, and ihn Itililn Society. In 
I'^l-land IHIShrtniHthi-rliniral the Lilemry 
Fund dinner. Findiiijr hi* peciiiiinri' etnbar* 
nisimi^iilii incnvHi', and itfl t uir no rclifrf fn>iii 
F COVDnimirnt, bi' made in ISIo an aiwi|^mriit 
Lef the bulk of hi" profieriy In favour of hii 
[oredilors, and retirwl !» HruMi-l*. when- b* 
lived in tho ■inipl'^'l po**ihIo nlyle. In lt*lS 
lie married, for reamnJ of sUte, Victoria 
JIarr Luuim [hoo Kekt, VrcrcmiA M*itT 
l/iri»A, PiTiiBts oi|. widow of Emich 
('buries, prince of I-eininjteu. Tlie marrinife 
was BolomniwHl on M >Iuv at folmrK, and on 
13 Julv following at K-w- Heturnii>ir witb 
his brido to Ihe contiDeni, b- [•■".M w.tli 
lieral her palace of Amorhacb, Uiiiiuain. 
■ tintil the iTrinffof 1819. *l>eM In- brought W 
to EngUnd for her confinement. Alter the 

birth of the child (now Queen Victoria) on 
34 Hay, at Keiuington Palace, be took ihe 
duchotaand the priueeM toSidmouIb, Dei-on- 
Rhira, and applied to parliament for autfaoriiy 
to ditpoHc or his enabliahmmt at Ealing by 
b^tirn-, a Hilo tKring nnadviNtblf^, for tli* 
bi-netit of his credittini. Tlio petition wo« rr- 
fusi-d, ntid Ihe duke liud made up hin tnin-l 
to return to Ainorbaeh, when he died sud- 
denly of inflammation of the Iuol's at tjid- 
mouth on iS Jan. IH^O. Unring his illnea* 
hp was Rl1j<nded with llip utmost devcilion 
by Ibe diicheH, to whom ho li-fl. bia vhlii* 
property. !le was buried in St. Ocorga'* 
Chapel, Windsor, on II l-'eb. 

As a soldier the duke never had an appa^' 
tunily of giiiuiti); high dislinetion, and bi» 
pedantic, almost siiperslilious, inHisletiotr 
upnn miniilire of milllary rtiijtirlt^, dt«~ 
cipline. dci'u, and r(|uipmpjils, made him ttO- 

Siopuhir in the army. I Ir was, however, lb* 
lr;i to abandon llo;n;inK and lo iilnbliih a 
re||i|imeciliil school. He was extremely rt(fidar 
in bis bahilfi, a model of puncliuility and 
dMpateh in the discbarve of tliily, ami ain- 
I eerelypious. Ill' Was a Icnigbt of tlio orders 
I of the Qarlcr, itnlb, and Ht. Patriek, and a 
kiiighl h'Tand crnM of the llalb and of the 
I orilor of the tiuelplu. Therv is a portniit oif 
the duke,ioge(lier«ith bin elder t>rolbt.T the 
Kiilie of Cl«r\>nce (afterwards William IV f. 
at Hampton Court Palace, dated IT7II. A 
brunte autne Inr Gahagpon is in Park Cree- 
cent, Portland Place. 

[ThaprinetpalaatliorityisthtiLifebT Krvkina 
■N'Mle, IBSO. Theni are alM obituarie* iu ibv 
OcDl. Mag. aad Kuropeaa Mar. for t82<i. Itrft- 
noieo mnf alio bo mailn to Kieolat'a Hist of 
British Knishiboud: i^neetan's Ttia Uniqne, 
vol, i. (»itli portrait); London Gaielte for 
ITDS. nSC, i;t)0, mH. ISOS; Annlml R». 
inner. ITflT p- irO. and 1734 App. 68 et u-^.; 
Common)' Joariiali. Itv. 311; Qmi. Uim. I7M 
p. SO, 1818 pt. I. p. Ml, pt. ii. p. 7!i. IHlii pi. 
u p. 479 : and llie Dukrof Itoekinghum't Mnix.ira 
i-f tile lEefctfDfy, ii, 890.) J. M. It. 


IhtcHESs Of ( 17*W IHil ), fourth daMghi-zir of 
Francis Frederic Antony, berediliu; prince 
(afterwarvls duke) of Saxe-Saalfsld-CobiirK, 
br Augiula ('arotina Bophia, daughter of 
Henry, coutit Keuu.I-:berBtadt, was bom ac 
Coburg on 17 Aug. 17*H5. and marrit.d on 
21 Dec, 1^03 to Emicli Churlea. hcnwltiarv 
prmen.aftnrft-anU prince of I^initigen-Dnclii- 
burg-llardenburf. a widowrr* 
years her s,-.uor. Tbn matnage wa«1ia,.pv. 
and on the ilwith of tho prince (4 JhIt lAl4l 
be loft b.^ wjdnw guardian of theironlv .on, 

V^J" ^J"^"^ Willi""! Kmesi (\HiU 
I8W), and Kgwil of the priucipalitv |i„ 





jmlj other child hj ihn vnaev wan Aiin^ 
F«Odom«rna AtitciHla ('bll^ll>IIl^^Yllll«'lnltna 
< IfOT-lfTi), who fcticlal with li*r mutlifr 
iiU li*r mamaiio cm It* Fv\*. 1828 to Kmi-nl 
CbriMwii Chwlc*, princn-of lloiienlohe-Lim- 

Prin«M Vicloria Mnrjr mnrriod in 1818 a 
PCCOBti llilnlltuiiil, FdWHnl AliauMua. <lijk<- i>f 
Ki-nt [li-v.], fuuTtli son of tirofp- III. TIip 
marriBi^ c^rutoonv took plncu oi CulmrK on 
S»)laX.*nil WM riTwfttrtlal Kpw oil U1 July. 
Sy iIm) l>uke at Kent ahv liail nn onlv 
<lMi|ililpr, \lox*ndtioa Vicii'rin, now qui'i-n 
ai'Kn|riMi>l. URtbL-diikf'F. (lentil on 2:tJnu. 
1890 ate duoiMM w«b in Mrait(^<^-i i-irvuiii- 
•««i«(SkavinKO«ilT«joinlnrrof«.oaW, UI1.1 
an «llo«-anM of a.000/. mjiJi- litr by Iht 
l>r»llicrl>e(»oUl. In lR:;5,lioirc*rr,|iiirliA. 
BifM voted her an anmiiiy of tt.OOW/. townriU 
ibe «n{>pin iml inliicaliou of livr iinii)tlil<-r 
Victono, ami a furtbw aiiuiiiijof ll),000;. 
wugnntnl her iu 1(*31. In ihi- pruTJoiu 
jMrfbn LhmI b<«n Bjipoini*''! rrgi-nl oi Ihe 
realm in (lie ^vai of licr daiighu-r KUcemriJiiiK 
lolbe tbniDi-wliiW ;>)t nmin'^r. Bbe tvaiditil 
KlKcmiugtuu Palace, ikroiinB liereelflolhn 
«dncali'im «f Imt (laughter, and iliirinir ibit 
tvign ofCeotjelVHurliiileiocioty; bm "" 
»hi' Prior*!*" Vicioria grew up »h« took bur 
from lini-lotii»uWvuit most i>f t!iu places 
of intcn-oi In Bnglaiul, Uid Mlhi-rL-J rnuiicl 
lieral Ki-ncinslui) BamtllUighly intellectual 
coterie. Sbore);ri'tt«! tlKiprinenui'»BCci'*Mioii 
Iu the tlmiiiiT iu lNl7 as (k-privioK hw of her 
one iotiTi'tt aadooMipation. Tlieiiceforwanl 
■ jJue Bceoiufoiiieil thii court uu its (leriodical 

^^r^Sbe died of caaiMTal F>n;?inr<TOon IR Morch 
^^Bat,aDd«-at buried in St.CIpoiVo'x Cliapel. 
^HPiadanr, on 2o .Vlarcb, wlienco lier rcmnina 
^«*n) tnituferred to tli« royal maiuolcuui at 

[AlmaMch de Gotlia for 1790, 1803.6, ISIT. 
1839; OiamoD*' Jonnul*. Ixix. (II. Imvi, 
ii.ji, n' : IMu ot Buckinsliin"'* -1l'Tii"'r« of 
UMiti iuhI CaUnrtu of Williim IV uii'l 
mU. li. 31; Gnrillo Almoin. 1«:IT-61. i. 
GMil.UnC. IMl. M.i. p.tMi ^irTliDulnie 
(lia'iUreof ibvI^aovCoMort.) 

KENT. KuiijtDr [Si« Btmnit.lU iirait 

rf. VJiA; fli'Mixn'or WoowiiHK,' l-lOl- 

liKi:Y, KDMi'Sn, lint V.\»t. luf tliH 

f lino). Ul-OSI^S; Gmrr. litaJiioB. »«^ 

I K*iii., rf. IMW (uod<-r CiiKi. KDJirKD, 

Eahm; Obeit, Iii;Mir. nmlb Kmi., 

^-IIS'"'!; Hi'LLAKD, KciiiiSU.foiirlhKtiit. 

tlie Il'JUnil lin.i>, if. U<V* |i""l"f """^ 

!■. TiioHiK, N-conU K»Fi.*; Moi.iasu, 

Sir TiioM*«, ftmt i:«ri.,</. l^Wlll; llol-WStD, 

oiiA». «K.nd Kasi, I3.J0 |;K>7: Uol- 

», I'tioHAH, third Ea»i, and DfO W 

SuBKST. 1374-1400! .Vktii.le,Willuk, A 
14413 : OiKi, d. 10»T, biNbop of Bayoux.] 

KENT, Maid or. [See BiBTOX, Euxi- 

hbtji. IBOilf IfiSi.] 

KENT, J A M HSOrOO-I-TO^ormnialaud 
corajiowr, born nt Wincbcaier uu 13 March 
170(1, wui admiltcd in X»t<-uiber 1711 aa 
chnrinlcr of WincJicMt-r Cnlliedinl, under 
XniiKlmoltidianLHtii. Ill 1714 bewniMnt to 
I^ondoii, and trna for four year* n di'iriaterof 
llie Cbapel Boyal, under I'r. William ("rofl 
'<|, v,l In 171H, throiigb tbe inlhienceof tJie 
Mib-denn (thu Her. .lubn Il-ilbenJ.b* wa* a]i- 
pointiiil ortfaninl to [be puriib cbnrrh of Fine- 
don. Nortliiimmouabire. 'An organ tilool is 
Mill pretL-rved ut Finedoii, on wbicli Kent 
ciined iIk' iuiliuls and iloli-, " J. K., 1717," 
jjrobnblya record of nvUitanticipnIon' of lii» 

Iw *M elected orgacint to 'i'riniljr College, 
Cambridge, and held tbu post till l>3i,w}ien 
liodUCcrododJobuBiBUopTq.v.^^asorpinini of 
W incbcuter Uat Uednil aud Cylle^. Hie lat- 
ter appointment bercBigried in li74loI'ct«r 
FuBiell, and died in WinchoWCT on U May 
177ii, Ht- was married to El iubtsth, daugh- 
ter uf John Fiwmiin. 

In 17i3Kent published, in I^ndoo, a col- 
lection of tw»lvp nnlhema. lie abo wrote 
*ervicc» io and 1), and UMiaied Dr. BoTC» 
in the compilation of the latter's 'Oathsdral 
Mu«ic.' Hi« antbemi K*rc rtqmbli^hi-d in 
London by T. Ilrnibaui in 1j*44. A aelec- 
tion of eight of tbeiii. lopclhc-r nilb Keiil'a 
two iervice*, was edited in two voluni*8 by 
JoKph Corfe. 

Kent's mnsic nearer n»j above mediocrity, 
and he nn"crnpTiloii»ly pbigiariiM-d the work* 
of the Italian rnmiHaerri, epjiecinlly Bu>4Bni, 
and alw of l>r. Crvtt , vrli'm »t vie ho clowly 
followed, lie took 1 be clioru' ■ Thy liighteouA- 
new,' in the anthoin 'Lotd, nhul love,' from 
Ba*«iini'»'Mn(.'nirKal'in (iminor. wilb very 
little Dlteralitm ; and the < IlAlteliijnb' in tlif 
ontliein ■ llesrlien nnto ibn' i» t.r»ii8cril)>-'i 
tii)te for note from Biuaani'> ' Aliua Mnicr ' 

[OroT»'a Irirt, of Mmie. ii. SO, and i. 1*0; 
BamrcBo't Choir Clmiii 1ta>k. App' p. txii: 
Hogarth'* 3Iu>iail Hist. p. 299; Winchosior 
Choplvr Itoi^; Kent's mnaic in Ilril. Mm.) 

R. F- ^ 

KENT, JOHN, or Sios CcifT (Jl. 1400), 
aln calluil Jons UF Kextcmiiu-ii, WeUh 
hard, is said to have be-ii Uirn nt Cwra 
Tridwr in the pari-h of Kj;lliri.iilaii, or. ac- 
cordinc tootbert. at Kiluerran, IVmbroke- 
ebirr. He was edocnled by an uncle iiaui^d 
Davydd Ddu o i.wyn lJii»ydd IMu, who 



li»wl Bl Ponlyreh, nml wns ntlorwnrJs n 
(knn-«Nvant near Cncrphillj, but lieing Jtl- 
enUrod th^ aitvicv of the Scudunorv TiLiuilv 
ihurv- His puiroiu si-at h!m to Oxfuril, nnd 
ETicntually lie bt<camL- a. uHriali pnwC, first at 
N«wciMt1e Emlvn, and tliMi at Keiitcliurch. 
lie is said to Itnve liveil to iho nKi> of ti 
linndivd unil Iwi^nty. Tli» popiilnrlcjfnnrU 
ntflju KdDt n niujfloinn, anit nitiiy storiiu uf 
lii»p(iwcrnrp»tillpiirn?iitin Jloiiniouilisliire; 
'ii* )(rcat as thi' ilcvil uiid John ol* Ki-nt ' i> 
a li)(!ul prDvi^rb. Ohl- ls|p'iiiJ rc'Inl'^tt ibatlt^ 
Oil tn- it led tli<* <lvril by beinj; burii-d liulf 
vritliiu niiiihnlf wirlioiit tlit«fluircli*t Kpni- 
rfiiircti. Auritlicr tomb" I on?, without nn in- 
ticri|iti<ui, i* shnivn nii Kimt'i; at (imnBiotil. 
Monmotilh'Uiri' (KiMnsii*, Diary, ji. Wl, 
Ciiind. Stic) liilliL>|)i)iuu«iuiiof lliL-Scuda- 
niofv fumily nt Kt^uichuTcb tliare \% hii aii- 
cii'iit jiiirlniit, »iiu|io»6d to n-pff^imt- K<jiit; 
it i« Biigmvi'd in Coxei'e'Touriii Monniniith' 
ahiro,' ji. 33ft. The Scudsnotvs ate ilonccmdwl 
from n duiieblnr of Ownn Olcrndowor. ntid 
liMicc wmo hovp c-MJtnturpd that Kenl wua 
Olundowi^i' in diti^uiai*. 

Kuut nitprvntty 6i;mpallil«vcl willi Old- 
ca8ll«, Slid it lin* beVn conjeci iirwl ilml bo 
WM the prnlindi^d cliaplntu John, wbotn 
service* nt thn lolbird lundc'r'n hoini> in Ki-nt 
cxdti-d (hfi pi-muri! of Arcbbiabop Ariiiidul 
(Wli.KiSi, Conrilia, iii. :t3()-l ); hut fur thin 
th^tn it no nulliripnt iiHthorlly. Ki-at Jiiti- 
nted tht! clerEy naJ friur*: but thtTo bcoihs 
til faa no vvidvnoii fur deacrlbiiii* biiu »■ a 
]oI!nrI. He is one of Ibp bi-sl of tlii> Wi'l*b 
ufwta. nnd one of ibo Finl and man siicc«w- 
fill vuliivutor« of 'coiitinuod'TWiw. Nnmor- 
o'ta ^^>Ub pniima nn< rxtiuit undcT hi* namo. 
Witkinngivfiin lilt of fori j--fniirpii!i-'c'f. Four 
nn' printed iu thi- 'Wo i!SS.,' pp. 2t?5, SSB, 
2SH), 804 (Wrlnh SISS, Sxc. IhIH). Ono of 
Ilia poi>niB i> n ' I.imxTnlittion nn tlin Condi- 
lion of tlip Wi'lib uniier Henry IV,' nnd in 
ADotbrr (ULin hi- nlliidi's to ibe deulh of !^ir 
Jobn Oldi^aHlli'. I'ovuia bv K<-iit aro to bL> 
found In Arldilionikl MS. ^'4W0, nnd in ibo 
Myfvr MSS. (.Wd. MSS. ]-im->. Ul)«5-7. 
MStfi!, I1W4, 14l'77-li. llitJ'l. 1 1!)8H. ir,aoi 

|.'i(UI8, KiOICI, |r,0:l.1tin till- Itrilixb MuBeilU. 
IWidi's bin p'wiu», Kent \» «ai<1 tii bnvi-Wii 
tJii- aiitliur of a i;nimraiir, of ■ Tbc A|ioloim« 
«f KiniiiwnBl)""'nli)hinni,"IjlyfryrUfli.Ten,' 
' Anilh y Tri llrndyr," of n vuwion of St, 
John'ii Gosiwl in Welfch.und ofaomi' bhht, 
bcMdsi Latin tlieologiral ircniiiHW. 

Tbe ■uuwtion tbnt .lohn Kent in idpnti- 
«•! with JoiiX Kknt or (SnEMt i/l. 131H) ia 
imnoRMbtu. Tbe Intltr wan a Franpiscnn, 
una doctor of ihi-oliwy m OxfonI,^ he 
wu dicinily iviidcr Tor lu* ordvr. Ue waa 

Iwonitoth iiroviucini of ihn I'*rnnc.iiciiiu in 
Engbind, in (nlil lo bnvc worked nurnclnt 
nmf WB3 the Buthor of a commontnrr on tl» 
'SttntMicea' of I'cler Lomburd. He diixliX 
Ht-reford, and ttm buried thury ( J/mriaaniU 
/VwncMnrmi,i.fiS8,oI>'l 1 Leij^O, CbmauilL 
f/<i .Sm>(/. pp. 376-7). 

[lafopiiinlion napplioJ lythoRer. M. O. W«- 
kiui; Wilkiiix'x Hi't- til I.iti'Ritnraof Wiil**,|)f. 
1)11 -il; I.iloMSS.fii'.eTO-'. 0^2.087; WillUnaV 
Eminent WdiliDien. jiji. 2il»-9; t>>Ko'» ToM IS 
MoiimiiiiiUEliin', {<{>. :i:iA-N : ('tmbriiiti Jaan^ 
Trnljy. IBiti, pp. aflS-r.'i; niilli|>*'ii HinUajtt 
{.'flavina.i: lal : tvo biucnphii^iil ikMchMin 
Welsh nre contnined in Gtiilj-fr liywgrapbindi^ 
p Kiivotiicin Cynini. pi. iL uid GrirlwluT Br<^ 
gnitfyiliJol o l-iiiKOciua Cymm,] C. L. K> 


valuer itiid utn'it'i'lturitl, bom in 1797, wai 
Brnl employed in the diplomntic vervtcv w 
ieci-L-tttrv lo Sir Janm Porter at DriUMb. 
During liis Mar Ibtrre Lci set hitu4elf lostudf 
the husbandry of the Au«triiin Ni-therUndtr 
which Trite at that lime h«ld to bo the host in 
Kumpn. Koninof Ki'nl'ilelteTstoSir Jamc* 
I'orterdiitL'd 1700 nnd 176t)an! in Rrit. Mat, 
MS. E(rertoii21o7. Itcliiminj; to Kof-landiu 
I "(W, lie drt-vf up nu account of HenutJl bui- 
of tlix n on«« of Coiuifion!; aiid w4a po 
by him to i^uit diplomncrnnd dovoUi _. 

lo ngriciiltiiri', Itefbofrly afterward* 

tb'- vnlunble tuiquaiiitnnctiof llnnjiimiu Slil!* 
inRlIeet fii. V. I ihe nnlunili»t, Kent pnli- 
lUbudin liTo'iliulj totJeaitlptucnof l.ttudoi 
Pri.n>erly," Lijndon,(<vo (3rd eJil. 17^;!), con- 
Uintns, amonK otliin valuuble aii)-f^tiuiu), 
Home UMiznn lor labourpo' cutiafn-s. which 
wore KTRiitly in advance of bi)i till])- 1 HoMUi- 
BOX, A'jrira'lt. Uio'j. p. .'if) ). Tbf book brought 
him employment on h lurjif tcnie as nn cMolr 
agent and lnud valuer, nnd be did much to 
improvu KiigliiiU melbuda of liuiil mniMiiiv 
menl [cf. fiml. Mm/. If^ll. ut. i, [I. ISi), 
Hill work lay chii-fly in Norfolk, the fanovrft 
of which couutTprcjented him in IWBirilk 
u silver gublei in acknowliid|i^eDt of biaaer- 
vici's lo agriculture, but bo nlno imtfBeJH-*! 
ciicniiiTit raibaolnnenU in l.incolniihtrii, 
wliick were luccMirfully c.tMuled. Biiideit 
the 'UiQta'hiiODDlribiitM' AGiJOLTal View 
of Iho Aj,TiciUtiireofthnr(ninly of Norfolk* 
lo the ■ Sun'py' iwued by ilio lIcMird of uj-ri- 
culiure in 1791, with aupplemeiiinry ri>niarks, 
Norwich, l7Wi. nnd nevt-ral pupers'to voU. iv. 
V. iiud Ti. of Hunti?r't 'neor^'ioiil Kiunyx. 
Vork, Isat. Kratwnnforni^bnn time bnili 
of Georj^ Ur» fnnn in tbe (Jroat Park at 
Wiiidn-tr. I'artienlnni concerninit th.' kingV 
fiirm, cf.minimicat«d by him to tho Sncipty 
of Arta in 1788, wurafubMqnmitly publiiibed- 








rampblet fonn. IIt> dieil of apoplwy U 

Ad'ithiT XiTtuMKL Ki:\r (^. 1780), 
•cholnr, Uim at VVii-ilou, NortltAinpttinsliire, 
wfta cducotnt »i Eton •nd King'* CuliuKV, 
ChuDbridftc. lln |)rocc«iled It.A. ITSO, A.M. 
1733, bdS becami! ■ fellow of Kind's Cull«gc. 
In 17J-1 b(^ vu fot a tiiUH <irnin)!T'<l, but t*- 
FovnMl, aiij in IrJld wa« Umu-mosMr of 
WisUicii Mbool. toA Rfti>rwanla enrat* of 
Ktfiiti^v in Suffolk. Whilo nt Cinibridgt) ho 
[Mibliit^i'd *Kiccr]i(n qiiiedatn ex Luciuii 
Saiiiowirfinii (>pnnbu>. In u*um Tyranum,' 
('amhridnpr.. 1790, 6to. Lnlia doIvh ucd ft 
LAtin tunboQ •coomp&nj tlie tril. Tbe 
work rru weralliuMrvprniteil in London; 
Uw) Uiinl (idiLkin * prioribus Buoiior et enwin- 
dMioc ' uppMTCd rn 17fi7i aaotber od. 17A8. 

[For tho land Taln*r tM Ofiit. Mi^. 1810, 
ii. pp. Xt>6. !&}; Knit'a bocla in Brrt. Miu. 

.1.; and BUitiOirili«« quoted; for llio Khalu a«e 
Uwool'v Alamai Rioiioniini. p. SlSj Cal. of 
Oambfidgie Unidi»)r«; GjopiTo Muiiiarialx of 
Ckmbridgr, L SSD; Brit. Jlns. C^.] It. B. 

KENT, ODU ox{d. ISOO), abbot of Battla. 
KENT. THOMAS <rf. U8fl>, mntlii-mn- 

liciiin, wan clnclwl fi-Iluw nf Mt-rton Colli-fi-. 
Oxfonl, in 14S0. Ai:ci>nliiig to Taull•^^ au<l 
PiU^bo bftdnoaraall rppiilaliun ■« an astro- 
Hid malbemalician, eod iMU«i) pr<»- 
I ■« 10 ibH fi^vvn winter aail famino 
III' died, b(iw«T«r, of the nltfirue 
14H9, and wa» Iwrim) in iln< Mnnou 
f jui^-gTiMnd. Ho Is Mi<l to bnvti n-tiltKn 
, uvaijtw on aMnB0l»}r, bul if bn did nu it 
as pMiolxid. 

AnMb*T Thomis Kr.vt ( ff. UW) waa 
j3«Tt( lo tbe privv ccuncil. He p^iIuutM 
M a ■1«cliir of civil and canon law, probubly 
a.1 CBiulridge, and via& clerk lo in^ privy 
oouocil a« (iirly as 1144. il'ts iwido con»'>- 
WMiBtlj' appuan at tbe foot of many actn of 
Uie fni-y crwicil (et. Nii-oi_ih, Pneer'tingt 
tf III* Pnry fWiMiY, vi. 31, 37, Si, ,tc.: 
»TlrviW«>S, iMIn-t miij Paper' illutlratir* 
ef Ikr H'an iffthr Knglinh in J-'mnct durini/ 
Uf Jl^jnt/amryyi.{Am,VJS,kf.: forbis 
■jfi^alun! M4* Bnl. Mut. Cudun. .t/.S'. Galba. 
B, I. lol). Keiit vraa frfqiii-ntly I'laploynd 
aa an ambaaaailor to variouH rnimtiicii. On 
4 July 1 444 b* WM appointed, with Sir 1 Iiini- 
flwy Slaflonrd, Vi'illiiun Pyrtoii, and William 
CMoabcnkf., to Irent for commiTcrinl iiiiei^ 
I with IIoUjuuI and ZualaDi! <Rtueb, 
a, si. 07). On 30 July Um ha waa 
fitt acTenl eowmiationera, umoti^' uliiim 
I tk«BialMpoirUurtiani,lntr>-ai with ilm 
'Una of Scotlaiid about a tmon iil>. \i. 424) : 
Ilia Laal fonbaaay weana to bavo bcrn entered 

apoo 20S<rpt. 144)7, «bi>n lio mndn iimingi^ 
inenta tar die mairingf of Chailn tbo Bold 
with Hargarel, nattr of Kdward IV [ib. p. 
890). Hb (niary wlim on an embaaaysucnil 
to liave b«eu iOt. a day (A. p. 501). M«m- 
while.oa? Jan. 1444-0,110 bad bv«n nppuintvd 
aiiVconatabIc nf Knglaiid. at a lalary of one 
hundnid mark* a from lli« cuntoma of 
Houthiunplon (M. ]i. 75). A Thomoa Kent, 
wbo maj bars bmn tbo aamo na thn aniba*- 
■adoT, redened tbe ivcton' of St. Uuiulnn-in- 
Ibe-Baat, Loiidoa,iii I44^,audwaaprrsunlvd 
to tbe reotoTv of Wowlford, Etwx, i'i Aug. 

[Tannor'>Biog.Btit.; Hi^RilHitl. do lUb. 
AngI, P.PI4; Waod'allitii.aiid Aiiil^,i>fUoiT.or 
Oxf. *d. Outch, App, I). 'tOZ i Uradrick'a M«ano> 
rials of Uoiton (Otf. Bi*t. SM.>,pp.3;.G4. U4I. 
PortheamlMUNuloii(«au(lioiiti«*quoitiI: K**- 
o«ort> IUiM<rl. i, 3^, ii. Sfli ; atjil for hia olli<r 
rmbniisics aeo Bvmor'a ■'Vvdora. pp. 1 38. t SS, 187, 

ise, 230. -ai. 211. aao. 37^, 27i..iui.4is,42i, 

Ii04, fii4, fill, 642. £03. ASS, 676, S7B. £t>0 ] 

W. A. J. A. 

KENT.WII.1,IAM (1684-1748), painter, 
«ciilplor, nn.-hitfct, and landitcnpe ^anU'nw, 
woa lioni in Ibe Nt>rtb Itidinf; nf lorluhira 
in ICS4, and wn» iiiiprt:iiliri-d lo a rniicli- 
{juinirr m liis fuuriTViirb yi»r. Firoycara 
uft^m'anU b>- left, bin tmplujiT without 
luave and came I» London. TLpiv ba mndu 
»>mo attpinpla at portrait and lii»torioal 
painting, wliicb,My»^Vul pole, induced aome 
'^enllninun ofbisconnlry (counlj-?) loaend 
hini to Itom-'. He wdit to Uume in company 
n-ilh Jobn Tnlmon [({. r.], tbe tint director 
of tbe r^ociety of Antiquarid, nludicd und«T 
tbe (.'uralier Luli, and ffained a secimd priio 
in tbe second clusa aV tbe academy. At 
Itnme alw) b« niet with utbcr patnMia. Sir 
Willium Wentwonh allowed biui 40/. a vear 
for wv.'n years, and in 17 Kibe atirjicU«r the 
iiolicn of thn Karl of Hurliiigtoii [w« Itoll.8, 
HiiniAan. third Kxiii. <\r itiiii.iX'iToxl, who 
broU);ht bim lo Hnslaad with liim, and gare 
bim uinrtincnld iu bin town bou>n for tlie (»• 
luuinder of bis life. Through tbu ioflucnm 
of the va.T\ be (cm obtniiuM CKteUiro cm* 
plnym«nl in port rn it-pa inlinf, and covered 
tUt> waIIh anil ci'ilinir* in ihn boiiMv of the 
jects. -XmonKlhe'iTiirkaaientionodlwHomcO 
W'nlpnle are ' fiili-leogllu " (for tho Right 
Hon. Henry P<'IIiiun[q.r,]) at Ktber. Surrey; 
frtiacued iu the hull at n'anatead Huiuv (now 
deatroyed), Esaax; ci'ilinga and staircajitii Jbr 
Sir Robert W^poU at Hoiigbton, Nurfollc; 
and a tlnircaiio al ilainbum, Norfolk, for 
Lord Towii*bi-ml. But bi> talnnt4 did not 
li« in tbU diriviion. llri([iu'tb'« verdict, that 
noitbcr England uor Ualy ever produced a 

Kent a 

moic conlnnptiblti d&uber ihnn Kent, baa 
not b«eii reversrf «incii- Willinm Mafon, 
in the 'BoglUb Gardtui,' prmises Kent's lonil- 
sc*pe g»TdeiuB|! at the encBW of bU [mint' 
iiiK;*i>^*vcti IInra<pWa]poI«,wliorc(pinl(Hl 
him M a 'RRniiw in utber bruidiM of •it., 
(clli U!i tbit Kciit'a portnits ' bora little re* 
wmUnuri' lo tbt< pt^nous wlio Ml fbrlbem, 
Biid iLi- coluiiriug wu irorw-,' antl llmt 'in 
hi« ceilincm Kent'* drvwiiig vu> n* dnfi^tivo 
»* tlie eofoanne of hit portrait*, and at toid 
of niviT mcril. Hn «d(U thai Sir Kobtfrt 
Wolpolc would not jwrmit bim to work in 
colount >t llouahton, but iv«tniiiiiid Uini to 
cbunwcum. ilis puiinLit'puintiug km aleo 
Uwlbrmvufawiilrt-pigrain by ly>rdCliMter- 

A« lo AiicUw. Ainnion'i sen 

Wouiil iMily Ji'i«ii lo wt ; 
So, lo Thy pL'ncil, Kent ! klun* 

Win Bninioick'* ronn Bubmit ! 

Equa] j'J\it cDt-ied wonder*! tar* 

Thi* diffcroneo w m. 
Olio would no oiber painlcr lure — 

>'o other would hayo tlira. 

tl'iniinb did nut aponi bim or bU pnlron. 
In Inru platw,* MnmunadeiandOpeinB, Bur- 
I i7»:>)— ibo Man of ThI« ira« lturIiii|i;toii, 
not Kent — Iw inttmluwd ibn »>iMii« of 
Kent eunnountin^ the gute of Iturliof^oii 
Uouae, aud eiipnorKHl on a lower level bv 
thoM of IUpb»i-l and Miciiaci Ang«lo; and 
in bia * IlorlnMjnc on Kont* Altnr>-pi(ice m 
St, Clnmcnt'*' (St. Clement llnncii in tbo 
Strand, IT^JI) bo coricututvd wiibout mprcy 
the: fmiblo compoHitiMi and bad drnuftbiif 
■tmniiliip.wbicb bad already l«d Iti&bap Uib- 
BUDIoordt-rittNinovalfromlbecliurcn. But 
Kent was able by bis inHiMflceat court ton-- 
lalintn upon Ilo^tarlb by |>TeTelitingbim from 
r.iei:utinKUponrrut t^ilpof thoTOyal family 
i« tbo Jtnt Mw. Add. MS. 3307tl, p. 66). 

Keire7tbelMi Kent vaatly mode bia way in 
bigli society by bi« winniug mauaerB and tho 
auiboriiy with which be ^poke on qaMtions 
of art. and be lUHin bi^ami^ tlic faMbioiiable 
otBCln in nil matters of inali'. Ilia >kill ill 
Wofpolu, 'bf wai uol oiilvcoiiMiltedforfur- 
nttUTV, on fmnm nf picliires, ^Idbiko, tablm, 
olmira, ftc, but for platt-, for n burse, for 
n cTiiille. And ini itiijieluoui vrsa nakiom 
that two gTvt,t Indii-' prevnil«d oil liim to 
main designs for their birtbdnr )[own>. Tliv 
Mia fa« drMwd iii a pttTicnnt (locoraiod wiili 
columiw of lb* flro order* ; the oiher libn n 
bronii', in * «oppcr<oloiiri'd Mtin with oran- 
fflents of fiM. 


When be fint (eriooflf lamed lua atien- 
t ion (u Hrebilectnre i» not «l«ari]r u»M«ined, 
but he probably began at an early date to ucut 
tli« Earl of llur1ing[toii in his archil i<ctiiial 
deugna ; and in 1^7. with tbc uuiitancv of 
bin Uirdibip, b« pubUibi>d two folio raltiinea 
of the ' Umi^iu of Inigo Jooe*.' with a fw 
by tbc earl uid biiiiMll, and ou« l>v Palladio, 
the n)aat«r and guide of tbeoi all. Kent's 
detigna ia iliis volame ware mouly of chim* 
neypiecee and doon, but inclndnl on« for a 
royal artgnnnry, in wliirb panel* forpointinip 
a]t«rnAl<iawiibnichi'*f»r*cu1pturo, Manyof 
the BobilitT and >om<: of t lie royal fanuly wen 
omongtbesu Wriberalo this liandaomn w«rtfc, 

K^it went a M'con<l time to ICume, befont 
]TUt,andin ITSObepaid athirdvii<it there to 
Btudyarcbil«cturvand buypicluree fnrl^ord 
Diirliiiglon. Ilwas perhapaon tliiiionuuiion 
that Iw acquired the cnllociionof cn&raviii)pi 
formed by nia old maater Luti, nbo bad diM 
in 17^. Aftrr hi* rvtiira be added larj^lr 
to hii n.-putui iijii oj nn urcbiteet and a lanil- 
■cnpi; K'^driier. He altcrvd and deeoroled 
Ki-nsiufjlon I'alace, of whicb llie alaircoaa 
m as thought by llorsee Walpola lo bo ' th" 
lentt d<^f>-ctive work of binpniieii.' lie bnilt 
tbi> Hona Quaril* and the Dlock of trvnsury 
buildinn (ihci central portiou of a desiM 
nevrr fiillr eiecutrd) which overlook tlhe 

tnradt-' at Sv'hiivboII. l)i>V')iuiliir« Ilonae ia 
•iecadilly. the Knrl of Yarborouph's in Ap- 
linfttun Stmrt, and Uolkbam, Norfolk, 4kH 
AfDi of tliv Earl of LeioMter,are also osuni^^H 
than miv oibi'radii* i'xinlnir work* tojuatify 
tU" liigli potrrmafp: which hi- rnjoyefl. 

Di'spiln hti pi:iar ubiliiy hv won nelpctinl 
to e>is;iitc ihi) iialiiu of SbnkeswuM for 
ruftii' l.'omiT in \\"i-sl minster Abbey, and 
was iippoinlt-d [irinciml painter to the crown 
after the death of ClmrW Jc-rvns [o. v.] in 
1730. Besides this otliee be held tlioao of 
mastr-cnriM'ntr-r, nn-liilrrt, nnJ l(i->-pi-rof ihu 
pictiirfu,all of'Twiib a pt-nsion 
of I(X)/. a year for bin works at Kenciiit.'ton 
I'fllucir, brousbt bim an income of HOOA 
' Ki-nt'ii itvle, Mya Waljwle, ' predominniwl 
DUlliuritaliT«ly during hi» life.' He wnittill 
riil^-Rffed on bis tamt iminrlanl and fiiv ourit« 
worli I llolhbaiii I « beii h* di*d at l!iiriiii(^on 
llouae of an attack nf inllaminn1i<ni in tlie 
boweU on \-J .Vpri! I71(^, lie was biirii--d 'in 
a vtiry bands'ina- mania-r* in Lord Burling- 
loa'araull nt Chiinick. 'His fortune,' aoM 
Walpote, 'which with piclure« and booka 
amounted lo almuT lO.nuO/., be divided b^ 
I H'eeiibis relation* and an aclrmu, with whom 
li« bad lontr lived in pnrticulnr Iri^ndabip.' 

It ia only oa an arcbiU'd ihal Kent** 
ortiaiic npu'iation now ounive^. If. us baa 




UHriMl, be bad nay luml la dedtrniii; 
bMitiiAil oolmiiAde 'if Burlington Uoiim 
<iu)w lying B^Mh-d on iIm embankiueiii 
■t lUttMwa), tbiB rqMiuikm lolghi dand 
bifclMTr, but tlwtfv ■ppnira to Iw no aufficicnt 
rettca tor ilrprivinji (Ik- Earl of liurlin^on 
of tha full mrrit oflbiawork. On theailMt 
hand, then twin* to be no Uovbt Ibftl he 
w ■» Ui« rt*l deugner of Holkham, nllbouf h 
thvoluu were i»iblifJipd ufirr Ki>nt's d««tb 
br tat pu|ii] and M»i«tant, Matlhew Sn>t- 
tiagh»Bi, without any bobimiii of Kent [two 
Bunrtxniiiif, M*mii:ir, thn «ldt^r, and 
]{x«mMiiuK, IIoDvtiT t'iiui:l lie wM a 
futbful foUuu-ur of tb« I'allodiBn Myle, ihu 

EriDciplu of which lie undpniiwd, and lii» 
iiildintr*. '"pwially tbe llonr Gannls, liave 
tbv n»pritar tiiiM t^i^rlion. A» « domnitnr 
and d^eignpr itf fumiiurc ho wo* Ii4«vy, but 
oiA wiibovt fIj'U. 

iHlMTwotk* of Kent irhirh att; pmim) b,r 
Waliwlo kr« a itnuvnan nl Ludv [uibella 
ftDcb'a in Bi'rkvlrr Stiiian.', thi< 'IVuipK- of 
' at Stowe, and lli^ )^-nl tuoui at tbo 
lion. Ile&n' Pclhsiu's in Arlin^'lon 
For ibi'' I'tainHnaii li« oIfa bmli n 
UnUMi at tl^bxr : and Otbar work* in Ibn 

, »tTlr«eKllwIawcauK4Rt Wmlminitcr 

and a clioir iwr«cn in (iloutuier C'niliedral i 
iiallibLtwhat-c'tiMmdcnMitiabvO. Hismoit 
fonnul ' ttmnlHiu ' w«re rluue of SirCliailtti 
ittTvl iMrmur and nf ('Brlrnn IIuiimt, bnl 
t&ejr no tiiBityrr cxiii. Wnlpoln calU liim 
tbr ' CathiT of nirxl^ni j^rdviiin^,' ' iliv in- 
Tcnwr of an nrt tbiii rvslitrn ixiinliii^ nml , 
tnprovM satuiv. MhIioim'I inintriii'Oiin Kly- 
(iiim. t>iiT Knnt i:Tt«ii>d many. 1(>> rlaim 
f 1m> iIk' irifntor of tliat moiv nntuml ilrla 
of nardfoiiiK ami pbuitinft wbicb wan nnvr' ^ 
vuda d«v<-toprd so (jKWIIr bv 'Cajjabili'v' | 
Broim [mv Ukovs, L^nckliVt] aad otbm 
•eeKH tu be irr«tl fouiidi'd. nltliongh llridg- 
nwn, wbo invHRli-d ibv * liah*,' iraa to WRie <, 
«siefitl>ia predeoeHor. Tlie principles KoDi ' 
(oIIowmI iifna tbfwr Ini') down by I'opo inbi* 
' Epwtlc li> i)i<- l-Jirl of IliirliniitKn,' itnd bod 
bMi ill u.iirttI<-dbTl*o|H.-bt>Divlf in bin famous 
inrd'o at Ttticki-nbam. Maion, in lii» ' Kaa- 
(ioh liaDlrfi,' t<|H^aks of K<^nt t* ]'»|ii-'it * IhiIiJ . 
•MOelaW la<v>iin-^ctioiiwiib Ji'liii Wootlon 
fq. V,] Ki'Bt <l>Ti|:nivl tone illuMmtionn to , 
Gsjr'a'FaUra.'iind bo ox'i:iit<d llipvij[n<tri« 
to tlm lanr* •vlition of r«{iD'ii * A\'»rkii,' and 
plaliv In Spriiirr'n ' Fsiry l|ii--<'ii,' 1751. All , 
of ihrtt- arp jv"ir, anil IW U« nrv rxn-rnbli'. , 

myal at tlie mnrrii)^ in IT-tl of Princ«t« 
AJine and I he Priixwuf Orangi*, anil puUiitbed 
an eugnvinc a/ tlwi teeru: 1 t«al*o publUhml 
tt pviot ot Wntarr'* hall at llamtitoa Conrt. 
Two pictuft* if Kent are >-tiiI cxbibitiyl 

at Hnm^ii'jn Oiiiirt IHltuie, 'The Interview of 
IletirvV and the I'rinceM KatliArine'f'ftl), 
and tli«i marriage of the mu« Der*i>aB(786i; 
and a model by Kent for a palace in Ilyde 
Park h alio to' be bmii tbw». A portrait of 
Kml by blaixilf ira« lent bf the livv. W. V, 
Ilarrourt ro thi> l.nan ICxbibilion uf l^rtrnil* 
Bt ^DUtli KrnxiiiKton iu IStlT. 

[WalMla'KAnecdatwof i^iintini;: I{(d(nTe'ii 
Dice. : bijan'i Did. (Oritm and AniuttroogJ; 
Bedgnini' ('cniDry of Painterai CanDio^ua 
LiTae of Briti>h Ania», 1B81: Tb* Bngliah 
Oardt^. by W.Maaon, ODiam«ntaT]r,&«.. bjr W, 
Itnrgb. 1183 1 FargUMea'a UiitoFjr of Atdiitoo- 
laroi G«ilt'a Rnrjclapvdla of Ardluetare: 
SaisHaM Tnyl'irV Fioe Arts in Umt Brilnin aad 
Irclaatl; Cni.of Lona Bxbibitiooof IVirtraiU al 
South ICttikiiigioo, 1H67 ; BlognphJeUDiTcraelle, 
nrtidc 'l.iiii, Jlrnoit;' MicboU'a LiieimryAnoc- 
diKf«. IM; Chabn^rva Diist. 1 Uoukra 
Skctcbn of Artiita ; Pjra'a Patrenage ot Biitidi 

Art ; ifrgnirr't Vin. ; UngWft Kilull«r-L«ii- 
kon; Hiil.31.SS. Cunini. ISili Hap. (1801), App. 
pi. ix. p. ISl ; Dobion'i Uogoilh (Ilt91)-1 


KENT. WILLIAM (17fil-l(ll2),oiptain 
in till' iiaty, bom in 17*il, wnof lUnry KMit 
of Ni?wcaMlo^n-Tyni>,nnd of liiit wife Mary, 
nuterof VicfHldniirilJdbnlliintrrfit^.v.I.vnu 
ptumotod to ibo nuik of liruii-uani in IT81, 
nod after contiiiuiius »i-rvice in llie {.'haunel 
and North S-a wnn anpoiiilixl in 17!.<ri to ibo 
Goinaiandaf ihr Suwiiy, in whiL-li. on 16 Feb., 
he iiailfd for Ni-w south Wu!™, in L-r)nipany 
with bis unt'lir, Capiaiu Hunter, in the Ro- 
liaiite. The iiliip* arrived al Sydnev oD 
I Sef"!., and for tli« nest- five y»an Kunc 
wn4 eti)[>loyi-d in thfi Brrvicn of ih« colony. 
ninkiiiji u'voml Toyage* to Norfolk Isliind 
and till- fnpc of tidocf Hope, and survi-jint; 

finrts uf th<' rnnft of New ^iith ^^'nteB, Iu 
)cl>iU-r INXI be Milled for Fni;lni>d in coui- 
mantl of tbo Bullklo, and on bis arrival was 
reappointed to ber, June 160], for the re- 
turn voyage Xa Sydney, wbew, in October 
IBU?, lie vrt» promoird by the governor. 
Captain Kinti, to the rank of commander. 
In lh>- following April be wm orili-rwl to go 
to Norfolk Ulnnd with Ktoru. mid lben«e 
thmn)(hthc ialandi examiniiifi tbi^ir copa- 
bilitiei a* lo the Hupply of cattle niiilfongv. 
lie ira* aAerwardn lo go to Calcutta wd 
brin^ baek a» many rows m poMibleoTtlie 
beat breed. On 111' May be made tbn foulh- 
n'eftt eoaM of New<'aUdoiua.Biiddi«coTerod 
a ' beautiful and exteiuire harbmir,' wliicb 
ho named Port SI. Vinoenl. wliprt- be nj- 
mainod for iieveriil wei'ks (Kest, Journal, 

3 noted in '(Ju*rterlv Hyview." iii. 33). In 
anuarr I8M h« waa at Calcutta {AdJit. 
3Ili. 13763, f. «6), and returned to Poit 

JoclcBon in Junr^ Iringin? book a imjiplr of 
CMtJi.' und other felons, lie wiu afti-rwanla 
iDOT«d into i\w ln\v*XigaU>r, wliich huil 
nnderpiDn » iLorouffli r^jinir [cf, I'r.ixnEWi, 
AIattiicwJ, and in IW5 wn« nenr, home villi 
tmprirlaiit infciniiuliou nbout thn ataln of 
iVru. Tin; liivi«ligatar wns juiid off nl 
Plj-moutli on -22 Doc, l(*0i5, nod on 22 Jan. 
18tW Kent WBB ttdvincyd to past nmk. In 
KovemWr 1809 lie irns ujipoiiilvd lo the 
Agiticcan, aud from Ler wiu oiovnl to ilm 
Union of 98 K>uis> in command of whicli, off 
Toulon, lio dif^d 3d Aii^. 1A12. 

In 17in Krnr innTri''d his oattKn EUn, 
duuRhtcr of Williiim Kent of Newca«II»Kiii- 
TjMiu. nud htt wait aan sun. bora at Sidney 
in 179'.*. A jxTtrnlt of Kvnt iuput«luiDtho 
pcuaiwiiun of hin gntudnoii Mr, CluirlN Keiil. 

[Informnlion from Mc. C'liiirlei Knit; Gcot. 
Haji. 1810 I>1. i. 11. 3S8. ISIZ til. ii. p. 4011; 
0*ByrDr'ii Nnntl Biog. Ukt. (.ii. * Kant. Willintn 
George CurliU ;' OolltnuB Afcount of ifao EngUkli 
Colon; in Kev South Walci, it. SOS ; Flind*ni'i 
VovMe i"T»iT» Aiunmltaj oRIcial Ivttan^ &C.. 
in ill" rui<ti<' RoMid OfflO).] J. K. U 

KENTKN {'1. 686), Wwi-Saxou King. 
[Sea CnnwisE.l 

KENTIGERN or St. Mpkoo (fim?-^3) 
was tie a|"»iil(' of iho Strathdy'lc Ilriiotie, 
Tlii?ro Is n frngnicnt of n lifo of KnntiKom bj 
on unknown author of thi! twi>lfth ccntiirv, 
nnd n liiogrnphy written near iho cto*R of i lint 
ctntury by Joc«l,vn, a monk of Fiirncni, who 
tollii n« lliat bt! hiul bcfori.' him two live* of 
thi!»nint,oni-'Uiiodin tW-ehurcli.nndunothor 
in thL'Tcmacular; (but in bulliuf ihcM th>MV 
wiuiDiuctltingi'onlrarytOitumid doctrine und 
til* i-aih'ilic fftiili, nrid that liin piinitno wiu- 
to coinpiln II lifi> fr^ from thr.nn blumiihiv, 
and to ■ Knariii whiit had Imen mmpowd in n 
bnrhnri'iu wuy with Itoman Biilt.' Hid main 
bi:U gix-ia by ibwe writerd of tbo twi^lftU 
century an- rej^nrded a" hiMoricid, nnd ntv 
to some pxt'-nt (w)niirmi"d by llii' mcord* nf 
Wales, Adnmnnii'*' Lift- of St. t'oliimbn,' and 
thp dedii'Dtion of cliurali'.-f lo St. Kentigi-rn 
in thit localitJcu OMOcinTii) vtith hit life. 

Keiilip?"! wus Ijorii prohnlily in ftlS. Ilia 
Diol her, Th^iinw, wax tUi' dniiKhli'r of Lolb. 
a Hrili'li princ, aftpt whom ihn Lolhiuiu 
are cnlli'd, nnd wboea ei-al wua ul Tniprain 
Law, ili'-n iinmcd DuntieldL'r, hiilf««y bi-- 
tw«on Iliiddington and Ounbiir, I'riirr to 
that Lima ihcK bad burn a chiiivli at Dnn- 
pddiT, and ihoiigh l.olb i^ doscrihed us u 
*Mni-pn;^i], his dnUjfhtiT wa; n Cliriktian,aiul 
perlitiiis n nini. Who was noii^'lit in marriage 
by Ow.>n or liwim, n Itriloii of tbo noblest 
Block, bjit iibo rt-riued lii« off^r. prcfi-rring n 
life of virginity. Hit father was *o indignant 
tliat be handod her over to the Gbarg« of ■ 

swinehfrd, who wm secretly a ChristiaA. i 
Ht-r Bailor met liw by iimtognn in ■ wood, ! 
niid having violated her she bucamc pregnaau 
U'lioti hf-r futher lurard of Ler condition, b* ■ 
cniEHed bor to be hurM from ihe Uyp of a hjil ■ 
cnllnd KtpditlT, but ah^ eecap«d willioul in- ■ 

{'urr. Ilothenpnt her In acoracle.orboatof " 
litlo, in Alii^rlndT liny, nnd left ber )o ibe 
iu<^rcyof (he winilsRudwaVRii. Tbe boat wta 
firat vnrriedoul bi-yuadlhe Inle of.^lay.tlwB 
ilri?i'n lip tbo Frilb U> Culrans, where *ho 
Inniicd.aiid whare Ii«r ehild, a aon, WBM bom. 
.Mother and son wer« brougbt into the pn.- ^ 
i«ncaoifaChri8iiaDpaislor,anearlierSi.Sorf, ■ 
or one to whom tbal name was af^«rin-Hrd<t ■ 
errondbiulT gircm, who on snning llie child 
exclaimed in Cultic,*3Iiiiig»,'i.e. my di«roBti. 
Mother and t'liiU w^re baptised by him, tbo 
latler refeivlni; the chriatinn namo of Kcufi> 
gem, orlwad chief, in hIIubiou to hia dcaeenl. i 
iln WM trained in the moiuLStic school abj 
Ciilrow kept by the saint, and biicame one of ' 
hii chief far oil rill's. In early mnnli'iml hi<lefl i 
his protector to become a miisionnrv to tji» I 
pi'Ople of his own nice, and took np his pwii- 
ileuce at CHthiire* (ntiw Ulasirow ), brvcidc a I 
comet i>ry and a church foundiM by Ul. Ninian 
fi].v.j,hiitth<-ii in ruins. Th«iohewasclinsea 
bulioii by tlie king, clergy, and people who 
rr-ninmed Christian, nnd nnsconaecraled, ac- 
cording to Jocrlyn, liv a bishop Siintmonai) 
from Ireland for thn jmrpose. After some 
yeam he suD'crvd Buch pirseruilon from tiea- 
ihen* in the neighbourhood, the kindrMlof* 
King Mfirhen, tiat he removed to li\'nlcs. On 
ihrwiiyhpstoppedfora time in ihe t,'umbe>r- 
land mnunrnins, wliere he converled manj 
to Ihi? fuith, nnd then wont to M-'oevin (now 
8t. David*). lIuvingobtainpiJagTantofUtiil 
from the king of North WoJca or the king's 
gon, lie founded the moiinstcry of I.lnnplwr 
(aftorwnrds St. A!Mip!iV)in the vale offlwy!. 
nnd (Tiif hcrvd amuud him itOii monks, ncitni- of _ 
whom WL-rpcmpUiycd itingricull.urB.olUeniin ■ 
educutioii nnd lh<i rnndiicting of divini' sei- ■ 
vice, whileihe more cxperinic^necimpuoied 
Kenltm'rii-jnhisniiBiionnrvtrmrs. The battle 
or.\rt[iurot,n('urCnrlisle. louRbt in ri7.S, esta- 
liliBJiedthn "uprcmiicy of the Chrialian pnrty 
anions the Unlon« of the north, and Koddo- M 
rech tlie Uountiru), who then bcciimfkingof V 
Kt rat liclvdc, sent moMcnffiTi to rucnll Kunti- 
Bcrn. Thii Inttpr nppoiiiied Awipb liiy suc- 
cessor In the monnslvrv, and rrlumod to the 
norih with many of bis m-mk-. Keddrrech 
and hi» ppojile met him at Unddum in Hiim- 
friosshire, nml wnlcouicd him wiib great joy. 
There he fixed his see for sonic ycnw, found- 
ing churches andordaiiiiiigcU-rjirv; and at thin 
period ho visited Oalloway, ntid "reclaimed it* ' 
I'icti*h inbabitanta from tlie idolatl? «ad ' 




Wrrvjr into whW-Ji thi-j bad fnlbn after tbe 
(Uatb of Ai.NinUn. Afti-r itii« Kentigern 
rdiiTncl to tiUif^w, n'hicb bentme )i->nci^ 
fimh tli<-htfa'lquaTt«ni)(CliTuuuiilv among 
ib» Si mlii-l )-•]•• BriloDs. He w** llm^cmt 
niiwM ot {ilaBting or reetonng CIiri«t ianit;r in 
thtti lug* difUrict vhk-Ji nnWwnrd* formvd 
Um itiiiriri of GUvgoir. lie sIm) visilvil 
Albwi, If. ScolUnd northnMut of the Furtli, 
•ml tiie ilpdiciitioa of •ovne cbiutfaM in Aber- 
dcFiislitiy- bt-kniwitnuMlo liislabuiirsin that 

S|uarter. H<? iji aliu md sompvbat doubl- 
ullf to liavi- unit auwioiiMriM to Orkncv, 
Itonray, aod tmlanii In bia later ycu« st. 
roliimlM <<>f nrhntn int<'rcour*n vritli Kintr 
cuae fmn lona witb manji fbllowcis 1o rihlt 
him- h(^Illi/l:m wFtit out to iiKel liim witli 
a latBv retiuui-, and u t1i« two bauda ap- 
praaehtd tb»T Mng nlicrDittflT approprinle 
iwnm of the PhlUdh. Tin- 1 wo v<aii>n1>lo men 
I'Vi-haiicedcroawra in tok<-n of niniiial »S<X!- 
tinn. kfoitipira died nn 1'^ Jan.tI0:i,andliu 

STB t> »Imiiiii in iho cnpt of OltutgawOatlio* 
l,iMtnnl fr»ni kiln tJI.Munso'a. Joccljrn 
■N^ Itc lircd l4 ilieBgeo[lB7,butbislomua 
oTvagnwdin >trildiiKofflli«ceiilurr, Many 
ninclM yvn in alivr tiniM allribul«d to 
fain ; p.|*. be plouctied liU fit-Ida vitli a ■tof; 
add a wolf f>Tiiit tie Eoroal, *ovad und and 
rMprd whf-nt. caaied llie CiTda to oi-f-rflnw 
iia ImaIu, ami lo briiig; ili>.' haTnn i>f tha kin^ 
who imwculiKl bim Ui hU own dwolUnti. 
When antDn of tlii> higlilnnd clrrtiy who 
cnmr with Si. ('olnab* Mofc oiw of liis rninn 
and cut offiU bvadrbecauMid this decapitated 
asinaal to nin faaek to tbe flock, and turned 
the head to ktoou in the band« of ihc tliiiT. 
Whvn a U>r al C'ulrvu ho rMtor«d lo lif^* a 
pvt robin wliieU lii» coiiipanioni lind torn in 

Eircra, and liiodM a flr« with a fri>ten ruk 
ranch. Kini; lU^ldcrrch founilarinnwliich 
bi> hud ffivi-n lo liia ijiMvn on tlie finu>cr of a 
jJBwp ^cjr knixht.tbrrwit into tlu.- L'lydL',aD[l 
^^"'-'-■laimlwlitof bit BprtrnM-. InlierdiatreM 
filled to th« Miliit, and he tmt a mottk 
rirer tuliihiWhocaii^taaalmun with 
tt>« rieg in il» moutb. llt>nc« tbe bird, trrc, 
' b. and nag in tbe ariiii of Olaairow. 
(Ili*lii>fi Fcibt*'* S<, KontiRvni in I'A. », <•( 
IB Uistoniina of SeuttriBd: SIkdc'd (.Vltiv !^ol- 
nd. Tol. li. ; Solta and Qucrici, 'Jud xric*, j. 
,tl. >i. U, 9^ : Dirt- ufCbTiHiinn BloR.] 

0. W. S, 
KENTISH. JOHN firi»-lW;.3\ uniia- 
rinn diTinr, only aoo of J'>lin KvnlisL (</. 
Itsl-l), wasb^rn atSt. Alhaut> llenf'inltliirv, 
OB M Jiiiw 1764^ Hu fuW, at one time a 
draper, was tW yonn^t md, and nit inmtely 
tba batr.of Tboma* kemi»li, who in 1 723 w ae 
lugb abariff of Iltrtfordabirr. Uia motlior 

wasllaiiiuib (d. 1793), daughter and beiresa 
of Kcaiter vandendaok- Aft«r paasia^ 
tlirouffh ihuacbooluf John Worsle}' al Hert- 
ford, be was umervd in 17^4 a* a divinity 
ftiident nl Itavettlrv ni'n(l>''iiiv, under Tbomaa 
Itelthani ["l- ''■It \Villi*in ifroadbc^t [q. vj, 
and t'liMrrC0Banri|.v.] lnS«pteinborl7W 
lui n-moTcd, with two Eulow-otuitenta, to tlie 
n«w cuUesir al Ilackney, in conuMquenoe of 
a prohiliilion by llie Coward tniateai of any 
uae of written prayer) at Dnveiilry. In tlie 
autumn of ITiK) lie left Ilnckncy to becom* 
tbe firai niiauier of a n«wly IbnDad unil*- 
rian cnngrvgalion at Plymoatli Dock (now 
llrvonporl). nernn«hirc. Adiapvl was built 
in linnfjrr Strciit (opened 27 April 17l't by 
Tbeoplulu* Lindwv lij. v,]), and a prayw- 
book drawn up bv Ivcni itibaiidTkomaaPwtm 
iifnvmoutli. (u 171M he suMiNded Port«r 
aa miniMer of the Trvville Slivet congrega- 
tion. Ply mouth. In 1 7% he removed to Lui- 
dou a* aftonoon preacher at tlie UriTd Fit, 
tlacktior, adding to ihia ofTien in 1603 that 
ofraoming prcorbor at f<t.lliotnii«*ii Chapel, 
Pkmlhwark. <)n L'.l Jan. 18CB he undertook 
the pa*t<ira1o of the Ni-w Metlin;;, ItlrmiiifT- 
bam. Ill It^l^hedeeliuedttie emiiluiiii'nl but 
n-tained tbe office of ptulur, and continued to 
preach frequently till |KI-]. Jleretjiiued big 
utriil lit* to a great agv, anil rl ied of pnoii in^nia 
on Sunday, R Mann lN'3. at bin re«iil«uce, 
Park Vnte, Ivdgbuton. On I ^i Mnrcli lie was 
hariod in Kave Hill cemetery, Itimiinghom. 
A muml Inbfet to hit mi^niorr wru> placed in 
the Npw Mwtinjf. rptnoved in l**(RJ lo the 
chiircli (if the Mi-uinh. Kirtninifhain. UU 
portrait, puiiited in t'SII) lir l'hillip*.wa> en- 
graved by I.u]<t(.iii ; a fuU-lrriigth aillioiiette, 
executed iu I>^1, exhibits hU fthort elatiire, 
ponlyfi^'UTV.nadoM-fnsbionedcoiitame with 
linoe-bri>eclip«. He mnrrimi, in October Xf'Oti, 
Mary (/-. :.'l Maruh 177.5, rf. fl Match ISftl), 
daughlrr of John Keltic of Itiraningbam, but 
had no inmo. 

Keniinh wa* a man of etvAt per>onal dig- 
nity, iind bin wei):ht of oharacter, exti'Oiiive 
learning, and ample fortune munifieeni ly ad- 
min le I encd, necurod for him u c>>n8ideral iou 
rarely accorded to a Doneonforioiat iniiiibier. 
llii fnvoiirito aliidy wan biblicnl excg>-'iii: 
lie tta» n arliolar of K>lid nlTainmcnl, v-Tied 
in oricolal Ungniigi't. nnd f^iniliur with ibo 
lobourn of Oermnn critic*. In (mlilic* an old 
whiif, he won in religion a unitarian of the 
moot conai-rvBlire type, holding clo«ely to 
the miraouloua baabt of revelation. Iliawr- 
mons were remaikable for beauty of style. 

He published, in addition toHqiaraie aer-- 
mona (]Tni!'lr44): 1. ■ Lcttrr to Jamas' 
■While,' 4c., 1704,Svo. 2. ■ Heply to FuUcr'a- 
Examination oftbcCalviniiticand t^iiUBa* 



System*!.' Ac. imlodit.lTflS.Kvo. .H-'Norei 
nndCcniiiuenlson I*ii*sagpgofScriptiiti','.tc., 
1844, S»o; 2nil edit. IMtl, (•vo; 3rd odit. 
184(S t^vo. ■!. ' Hioi[r»pUioiil Ndticc of Hev. 
Ge«MTO\Vicbc,'i;c.,It'4i,Svi>. B. 'Sermons,' 
&C., Dirminh'linin, lH4t4, iih'o; 2nd edit, wiik 
' Memoir' by JolmKenrickr^.v,], INVJ, Svn. 
Hit ' Memoir' of Tiinolliy Konriok [a. v.1 Is 
prdbtod to tlii* Intltr'n ■ ICxpraition. IM07, 
OTO, 3volii. To tlio 'Montlilv Ki-pOKlory' 
and 'Chriitian ItufonnLT ' hu iviu n frequent 
coQlributur, uiuatly wiiblhu viipmiure' N.' 
(IIioK?n|ili!rnl Dlrtinntiry i>r I.iiiiiK Anllion, 
1S14. i<. 187; Murcir* Hi-'l. f r»k »nd tien. 
B»pt. Cliurch'-s in llio West ot KnglFind, 1836, 
pp. 404 t>|., 620«i.: In>)uir<'r. 10 Mim-li ISA3, 
p. 180 (ariH'Ie l<v .Inliii Kimiick, rciirintud fruin 
llio Birininuluim McKury); Cbrietiitn Hpformpr. 
ISA! pp. 262, 203h). (luciuolr L<y John Kcnriclc. 
raprintvd Willi Snriiioan, INS1], IS'j-I p. 3^3; 
l^iiilorini) Uunil.l. 18 Miin'K l8Bt,p.0B; Atlitil. 
USl^IHTU; pprauaal rcL-gllortJun.] A. U, 

KENTON. HENJ.VM1N (1710-1802), 
Tinlni'riind ]i!iilnniliroyiiiit., wii» bom in Finlil- 

fntfl Stfv'Bl, Wluipi'hupd, on li) Nov. 17111. 
lis molbtr k«pi u KiveiijirDPiT'i" iliop, itnd 
III! was educuli-d in iki' clinrily u-dioul uf tlio 
fari^b. At llit- »^ uf nftcpii liu nus ttpprcii- 
ticed TO (lie ki'fpf of tlio Ansel and L'tx)wu 
Inn, Wbileclinpi'l, nmi wliwn an liad eervt-d 
ki* lime bfcnmn wniti-r ond dnw at iho 
i'rownand MiiKpii'inAMple. Alargecrown 
cf atone 8 umionnt I'll bv n ningpic of |)enr-lr«i> 
woodww tli''^i(:!n, lUiJ o-n-rHplniiiiiTi^rRlhc 
principnl mialointrs, Theoiriicrwiinlonlyliil 
the MnjTIile di-fny acd I'linnni'd Ihct nuni'o lo 
Ibc Crown. Custom Ml Ull': Im died, nnd 
Ibv butinms I'ufcwd lutijIvuiit'iirnlmTKl-. Tbe 
M«-«tptAiiis wlti> biid pii-i'i'jii-ly |<urcljii».il 
Utair us for long voyng>.'» ni tln^ iiivoni riill 
bouiiHt it of Konton, n bo wii* fiininun a* nn 
ttlti^ntivu wnitiT. It olVn ■■xcilod tlipjr itd- 
miratioti I but, wben tbi-y wi-iv dinitiK ulxivi- 
Moirii, tb^ w«it<.-rliLd"W in ibebnrkiipw when 
thn rnmlli'ti wnnti'il MitiiHin;]:, und bin i-xptunH- 
(ion thni h'uh knowlrdgi>wn"diielonoc\traor- 
dinnry in»linct,bui niiToly In llio obanrvnt ion 
of a conlempotnry li^bt m tlio bar, dot^a not 
*eem to buvedimiuinIi'Ml ibeir opinion ofliin 
mf^Bcily. II u iVAturL-iI ihu itl^'n nl tb<.> miinpiu, 
nnd becutii« jiu^t'^-'d of a avcret wliicb made 
hiifonuiiifilliiiti'if (Kittling' alewitbal ilcoiild 
pus l.lirouffb llif dinner* of ctimnti- on ibe 
voytm to Indin round tbfCnpc, witlioni tbi' 
eork llyinBoulof tlii-liolili'. 'riionian IlnrW 
[q.T.lwiuolderrannofl'orlioki'O.llwwnrd in ^ 
"Bmicfi Kenton took a houne. and fptw liim ' 
Jiidicioug ad\'ioc at l<> iniesliiiciit». llotlinii 
kttainvdlogTeat wualtb.uudunn-liriuK from 
•ctire bii«iii«M went to liv.- in 0«w*r Strfiel, 
ajidlborodiodii-^MajlKl^, Ilv hod bom en- 

rolled u membiT of tli* Vintiicm' Coinpanr 
3Apnl 17:il,utid will piloted ni«,ilnr in 17'^ 
A jiorlniil of him in their court-room iibom 
Ibac bi^ wHi a man of iulid jiroporlion* wltkt 
*liKbt inward Mpiinl. lie was married and 
had one»oii, wboui bebredu dru(.'cisl, but «b* 
dird voiing, aod one daughter, wbo b«ame 
attnclifd to bin cleric, but died bofon Int 
father would nllow lb* marriogw, Tbeclni 
bebui^ed in h> hanouT«ble and coiuidant«a 
manner in the dilliciiU circuiti«tancM«[tt» 
engusement tbal Kenion madefaini hiaekitf 
friend, nnd bequealbtid to kirn SOO,00Q(. He 
wns a libi'nil benufnctor uf lb« {larifth «ckcoJ 
whori> 111' was e<1iicsteil, of Sir Jokn Oau'i 
■ebool in l'ortiioki>n, and of the VIdIdm^ 
Compnnv. He pnve S,OOU/.to St. BartMiH 
mew 9 lloNpitul. of which hi» friend llarliJF 
was IrettHurer, and a surgical ward in IM 
north wiug is called nfler him. lie wo 
buried ill Stepney Cliiircb, where he ku a 
uioiiument by \Ve»i1inHC0it, and the m««ter 
and conn of tbe Vliittierx attend on aunuaJ 
*erm«n tocomnirniornte hi* b«ai-ti>ctioi)». A 
s1a>i^t near lirunnwick Square, Ixindos, » 
named udi-'r hiiu. 

j flfrborl's Hi-riory nrilirTw*lveOr«Bt Litcn 
Conipuaioa. li. 03t, sa? : Bei^uinia Stondriaff 
1). KsDlon. ft Dioitraphind t*kvtcfa, Lmdod. 
1H78; Moulhly M(«nxinP, 1802; tafonnatin 
lEcvircdai Vintuwi^ UaU.j H. IL 


metile. bt>rn ui Kenton, near Fniniliu^haio, 
Sullulk, beeamv a Cann<.dite at Ipawich, 
and studied at Cambridge. On S March' 
Ulf, lieinp tli-jii rv'ni-lcni at WliitefrisiSi 
London, b(< wan onlaini'd siiVilcBCOn, ftDd OB 
1 ])!«. U'JO prii^at. In 14-14 he wdji choMil 
twenty-fifth provincial cjf hin cirJr-r in Kn(c- 
!uud in a council held ut Stauiford, and ro- 
tuined bi!> olliee twclre yean. He died in 
London 1 .Sept. l-lUti, and wan buried at 
WliilefriurB. Weevet quole* his ejiitapll 
(/'iiHc™// Mmiiimrntt, u, 4;W). Lcdand 
wrongly give* llw date of di'atli n» 14IK), 

Kenlon 'i^ crrdiind with a comiumilarv on 
the ' Song of Songs ' and a \ nrietv of thoo* 
loftieal lreuli,ie». lie m uUo Aaiil lo hnvB 
wrillen lives orsiiinii^ belonging tohisordtt) 
Binouf; tlii'm was a ' Life of Bl. Cvril.' The 
lliillundii^la >URg«0t that this r»lleclion of 
livo4tnay iiotflblybeidenlicat wilhananoo, 
iijoim rotiprtion in their pos^e^'ion 
Sini'/'yrutfi,.)anoBry, iii. (W^). Hale m 
n numlieriif letters of Kenton's wit 
e.vnctneM. and in Itril. Miin. Il'irleian 
18Hi, f. ItlOA, give* the pLiqiorl of one. 
ton i» al«o ereilited with 'Curmeu rotonUB 
ad doniinnm Alburinm Carmelitam et do- 
minum Andrwrn epiKopum ' (i.e. St, An> 


if F^Mole) ; Si. Anilmr is Mid b> h4v« 
8 K ininwie Cor KoBton'a bmcfll (((. 
ry, iii. B87). 

Md'aOaiiiMMU. daSenp(i.p. (99; IUI«. 
; BuUiM US. M38. If. 91 a>D24 (lUIs'ii 
M); PtU. p. UB ; Ditry'* Atlicnw SiiT- 
Mw in A>l<Bi. X». I»I6A. C 7i-6 ; C. <1b 
^> BibL Qmnelit. It. «99'.V0I.] C. L. K. 

HOLF (J. lOOtl), bittiop of WmcUes- 


ULP or CYNEWULP ()t. 800), 

(lb ]iwl. [See KlXEWCLF.] 

INWEALII <rf. urS). king of iUb Wmi 


.rupuitvrubom in 1784 in the parish 

,wM<y , Jonwira, w linrvtiufaUiMowanl 

ITHVil^riiUBlHlion*. Iti*nic>tlicrwaii 

_^lar of John SimiHoii of Itountir Hall 

iMBienu!>>o«*iipirpliititrr. ItotU 

di*a wUilu KFtivuo wn» n boy at 

bl Scboo], Brutol. Tbence bH wonl 

tim« Id ibt Chanwlioiue, anil aft«r 

dMnllory dabbliuff in cxn^nmentnl 


XMiUdni IWSto I'olorhouMi, ('am- 

k. Konxin ktl CninbridifF withcml n 

§iii 1M6.iBarTi<d. ami wtllidat Wood. 

(batwevo Alfux'lim nnd NtitberSwwey 

met. lien hv luadv the acnuaiiil* 

' llioaiM I*o(4e [a. \:\ and ibroiigb 

Colmid^, WoMtwoTlli, Southev, 

Lamb, and an ever-widi^ninK eirelu 

Dfleil«r«. ftich.aiul wiibintt ainbi- 

dpnnt but life in lodnty, trarH, di- 

i«tn, dining;, and dinponwu; charily. 

Uia fini to pmfit by liis pbiUntUn>j>y 

idgc'i family. In Uti-r lifu nu 

ma alini in a «y_sl«DlBtit munnpr 

tli0 mnliuin of «i*t«n of dinrit^, 

,te«i^(ed vr*rr eai». At I'«rt« in 

nnyiia mrK Tictnor, i)i« hiMorian nt 

tirnntuN-, wbo convpondi'd with 

yi«r«, ami iotroduirad to him many 

I, to vrhfim his himse wiu nlway* 

AnnnK lliese were BavanlTavlocand 

T. Fii-ld.. 

:if Keuynn's Erienik about tkia pMiod 
Imn WalJM Proctw ( Barrr Comnall ) 
Aupiftn* WiUii)inlUr«iVT.^, Jiiliiu 
Iun> ^q. v.), and Crntib llnlilnwin 
.\t Kii^ili'inlKtOlioiui'iljinilnr.whn 
in Kcfcbnd vn.* frrqucntly hii en<--st, 
Dl« partof'Orutcaat l«clph"w'uodFt 

I KeBTOBtrUonVufSoulbey'iilnvi-I- 
VpUliona on hiti French tour in IKM, 
hut, to pTorare Lim cumidHv relief, 
maailp(I Lin to |>lay, n» iliii ieft.tho 
ft prinoe, wbilo iIm? dtTidotl atnomg 


IkeniMlvM ibe o6SeM of hU guiln, Konyoa 
•vl«ct«d that of maturof thi' liorgr. and madir 
all lh« tweMsarjr arrangements fur piMiin|f. 
Meet ins BrowninK at a dinner-pnrty, he di»- 
oOTemlin him ilie non of one of liiA Mhool- 
fcltan'* at Fort Itriaiol, whom be hud loib 
light of. Thidwn* tlie brginningof awann 
and cloae friendship bruknn only by dtialh. 
Konyon tlrn inirodufod Bn:iwninii. nc tb« 
hoiiA« of her parvuiH, to Flixubi'rh Barrett, 
a diatant rvlalive aitd M/i-A'taiil oniuin of 
Kenyon. who iMrame Drowning'! wife, lb 
Kenyon Brovmintt d«dicntod his ' DnuUia 
ItonunocB and Lyrics.' Failing to procure 
for Kenyon a copy of t1i«pi(iun:of 'Andre* 
d>>l LSurti> and hia wife' in (he I'ilti Pnlnrr, 
Itrun-nin^ u-role and M'nt lo him from l-lo- 
rennj iho po"m ■Andrxui del Sart-),' When 
the linm-ningB vi»iIoil Kn^land, Kenyon'it 
b'xiiBe wu ih<-ir bonii', and In'ri- in I8A0 Mrs. 
Bruwoiii/ Kni9lird'.\urr)ra l.ei^fa,'anditedt- 
cated it to Keiiyn in trralernl rvmonibtatica 
of a friendthip 'far boyond the coBamao i 


a wmlthy bndiclor. whoae roudenee. 89 D»- 
von^ire llacc, hn iharvd wb«n in London, 
lie had also o tilln at 'longnar, and others 
in later Ufe at Wimblrdun | L'ini« Cottage) 
andCow«s. Iliswcond wifedicd on 7 Aiic. 
iN'ITi, and IiiT broitiLT im -J' April 18«t 
leaving Kenyon the hulk of his propnrly, 
amnuntinit to lOO.WOl., grvnC part of whieb 
with chsract'Tinlic g«iero*ity lie modu orer 
to the noxt^f-kin, w>nui disiutit tvtalii-w o( 
Ibf lojtittor. 

Crnbb Itobintrm mtd that Ki>nyoii had 
' [lie face of a BenedLetiiM monk and the 
juvoiiB tulk of a gooi feUov,' other of hia 
fiieiids aaw in him an idealiieJ iroMnKOU- 
tioiiof thi>Mr. Pickwick ofSeymuur II ulatiw. 
He wM iha beau idi-al <>f a li<jst .hin uxubemnt 
geniality cominunieaiiuii: itself iis by a con- 
tagion to kia gtteila, and hrin^ini; people of 
aeeord. Ue was alsu, like bin frio.nd Philip 
C'ourlenay.Q.C, a tlioroogh gastronome. On 
one occa«ion he cotnuiended lu bia guest?' al- 
teotion one of tbe earlieac hraco of canva*. 
baob«d ducks tntt seen in Europe, with an 
exhortation' nol in talk, hut to eat and think,' 
lie died after n llngeriiii; and painfiil illiirss 
at Cowi'f on 3 Dr^. iN'iil, and wa* biirii-d in 
tlu! rautl belonging to his wife's family in 
l^n'ishum ehurebyarO. Bvhisnillbcdiviiieil 
his properly belweL'n his friends and TnrioiL* 
chariliiM, the largutc legacy, lU.OOOf., bein^ 
taken bv Browning. A portrait of Kenyon 
in oils trr William FisImt, tlie properly of 
Hr. 0«oi^ Schwf, C.B., F.S.A., a at tbo 




.National PoTtmit Gallery. AiMllier, br Uio 
tune artist, •CompMlion picliiri> in tin- Lnn- 
dor in the Nnlinnnl Portrnit nnlli^ry. i^iii the 
. pocwuion of Mr. Gporgn Schnrf, nn J ""ns ex- 
oibittd in ihn Vicinrian Kxhibition(Nii.:il.'U) 
belli in London in IH92. A mnrble bust of 
liim,doiioat Uomoia Itill by T. CnivrforO, 
wne in tho pow flM Jon of Browning. A litlio- 
grnpit at a lulM«ii((tli in wat^r-colouis, by 
Moon.'. wH» presented bj liim to hi« fViitnilt ; 
and a Hue cuueo proUla of lum woa «iccutrd 
,hy Saulini at Romc^ 

K-^nyon pnhlialied 'A lUiymml I'ku fur 
Toleranoi,' l.>ondDn, 183.1, 8vo ; ' Poumi'. for 
iho ino«t port nccwiionnl.' I^mdun. t'S)8, 
870; uid 'A l)vr nt TivolL v'uh oilier 
Vanw,' London, 1840, Svo. Tbeae priiiluc- 
tion* Bftr^ pau muster as poetry. TIi« 
' lUiTmed ¥le% ' 1* a didactic dialoguo in the 
heroic couplet on tlio duty of t«nipi'ring ro> 
ligJouB teal with clinriiy. Tbo oibcr two 
volnniw contain *ome graooful vorwo. 

[Mnny intoroiting Tomiabotoooannd aneedMca 
of K"iiyriii AFd collMtod by Mb. Androw CroMs 
ID ToniploIIiir. .\{iri]l8t><1. Jaannry ISt>3,andre- 
farcDVM to him occur in .Snulhey'n I^f«, Tickoor'* 
Iiifa, I>cttai*. nod JmirDrU*, L'Eatmngo'* Lif* of 
Mnry Ru«*«ll Hllford, llarnn'a Luttor* of Elim- 
betb Boml'L Browning. Ingnun'v Ltfb of Eliai- 
b«Lh Borratt Browning. CmbbRobinson'E Oinry, 
CQaydm'* Romr* i>nd hia Conlmnporariot, Mfti> 
mdy'tBeniiiiisfimcociiFiold'sOId Acquainlanae. 
^06 also Fontliir'» I.ifo of Landor ; Sharp'* Lifn of 
Bobert Brownine; Mr*. Sulhorlond Orr's Life 
nnd I*ttct» of Robert Browning pp. lOS. HS, 
1A4. lOfi: Snndford'* ThomM Poole nod bii 
rni>D<lK. ii. 312: Gent Maff. I83fi pt. il. p. 331, 
1S4S pt. i. p. fl8*. 1867 pt. i. pp. loa. 300: 
VolM and C)a(<n>'i>, iih wr. lii. 3Slt : Edinbur^li 
fierinr, Klriii. 4(ll *t ncq. ; Bliickwixid, xliv. 
7T9 ot weq. ; North Amcriron K"visw, ilviii. 401 
«t taj. Maltirial fir tbo pmscat nkoteh hiu alio 
bMn fBmiihcd br Ut. George Schnrf of (lie 
Hulonal Porlr»it(Jnlliry.] J. M. R. 

KENYON, hljOYD, lir*t Lrjun Kentox 
■(1793-1803), mMt<.r of thn mll«. tbo second 
«on of Lloyd Krnyon of Orrdin^on, l'*llnl' 
sliirc.n lnndi«l jiroprinlor iind fnrmcr of (rood 
tiducntioD butlimiti.'dmaiinii.byliiiiwifiiJ'uno, 
(ddivt daughter of Rubi-rt Eddowus of Qnr- 
dington uid of Eacle Hall, Clietlcr, was born 
at Oivdington on Oct. 1732. Ilewuedu- 
oalod under t)r. niigfhea — whrna In an«T-1ife 
ho appointed pT««cbor at tbo Rolls Cliapvl— 
ut firwl nt his day-RC'liool in the noiiililiourin^ 
village of Honroor, and n^ll■nrD^U nt Ituthiii 
ffnuumar tchool, of which llujihcii br'onoin 
bead-ma«tor. Hn li-nrnt a liiita Lniin — 
thongb his bod IiSlin wot alwuyn jvt-red at 
wbcii lie was a judp-^aud ouough Fn'ocli 
to be suluiNmAntly improved into tolcrabli? 
TVuicU aobolarship, liul no Greek. Iteing a 

younffereon, bewBSBl Rovent«en Tears of *f(i 
articipfl to a solicitor of Ntntwico, Cbii^iK^ 
luunod TomkioMn, in wboM odGcw b» rs- 
niained even after his elder brothor hod dird, 
and he bod been enien^ ai n atudnnt of tht 
Middle Temple on 7 Nov. 1730. Ills mnnul 
aWl neu soon sho%vedit^'ir, and beronde|rn«l 
progrsM, so ibat, upon ToEakinsun'd it-fussl i» 
take him into p&rtiieT»liip, be luft Nautwid 
in Februnry 1^65 a rapid nnd accunlecK)- 
voTsncer. lie pracoododto I^ndrni.acd wm 
cuiludto the hnr on 10 Fob. ITfiA. (I.«r1 
Oauipbell,lioweTRr,rif[htlTnointsnut thathia 
reporiaof ciHL-aUfiin witfi Easter Iflrm i7a^ 
and thpiicif inii-n, with Bouie prubabtlily, thai 
he must bav[> been residait in LondiHi foun 
ibni till)".) Tor some y««n be bod uo pn» 
tico. Ho lived on the 80/. a year furnuhcd 
by bUfntlitir, lodrod frugally near tbeT«m|Ai 
inBoUYnrd.bydnytOoknotraof l/ird Haao- 
lield's judipnenta (from 17.'h'i \o I'Qlt) in Um 
king's ooncli, wliii^b wcri! publUlind pouln^ 
uioiuly by J, W. Hunm<.-r in iniD, and isod 
law s»dnloasly by uigbt. At hut bi- obtained 
a Uttleconvoyauciiig, and contrived I o pay 1 b> 
expmsMofgoinitthieNorthWalM circuit and 
tbn Stnllbrd, Oxford, and Shrewsbuiy eession* 
bribnbn.'r»iirornr«d for bim by friends. TW 
friuudiliipafJcihn Dunning ( nniTa-aidsLord 
Ashbiirl'iii), which he obipiini-d in 17ARaad 
kL'pltdlI)iiiLning'idL'iitbinl7!i2.flnit bfouglit 
liim fL'Kuliir i'm()lnymrnt, nnd whilcnctiuga* 
Dunnlnf'n ' Jl-viI ' he obtniiiod a junior ptac-^ 
tice of his on'n. II(^ w.u rclainivd for iba 
Ouke of PortUnd in election ciralosts in 
CninlKTland.was introduced to Thutluw, and 
supplied hvhis industry lliu detects ufTbn^ 
h>w ■ indol«Qce, and in his turn became the 

Eitron find helpnr of John Scott (afterwards 
Old Ivldoii). Hi* fcG>ljook xboir* botb lii* 
risc^aud the guins of lawyers in hiidny. Till 
1784 be mailf nothing. In tluil yi-nr Im> m- 
eeivi-d 80/.; in 1770 I.lL'4/.; in 1771 2,1B7;.! 
in 1773 3,134/.; in 1775 -1.2^'.'./.; in 1770 
15,008;.; in 17!^, the veariu whii-h liebircame 
II kings cnunwl, (V'SfiO/. ; in 1781 7,437/.; 
nnd in 17tSl',hnving boconio attomey-gwiersl, 
U,03g/. Till mnde 80,000/. in sixteen yean; 
bis fecM for opinions cm cnsos nlono were in 
1780 iJi'H iiuinens. in 1781 L',»:i(I guilHta, 
and in 1783 3,Oi;o guInL-itii. On thodMibof 
his father in 177''3 he euocoMlrd lo tlipfiiinUj 
iiatHt^'* at Gredington, und. inurrving hu 
con«in Miiry, daugbter of Oeor},i; Kt- nyon of 
I'rH Ilntl. llnlton, Lsncaslilre, went to live 
in Lincoln's Inn I-'Iolds. On the death of Sir 
R. Aston in 1716 he wts Houndod by Thw^ 
lowandWeddeibumaboiit taking the vacant 
judgeship, but on tho advici> of Thurlow 
fused it 1 nnd lu< Hgiiin declint-il u nimilnr 
in 17S0, on the death of Sir WiUiani 





Ha wu now lenilcr of his circuit, 
eiiwl k liUc yovn on 30 Juiiv ITbX), au^ 
the MDiu 7M,r appointed diierjualioeof 
•ter, > peat ttbLeii U« muoh eoir«t«d and 
"wUnl. On tli« irikl of LonI OeormOordoa 
(ft fiib. lii^l) h-« w« liriof'it with Enldno, 
Mill, ibnti^h rli>' lartiT had brrn cflUnd only 
two ymir*, Ki^Dj'na Tii'ldinl Ui liim, m ti>6 
&T*t (iFBtor nl tbi! bur, tlie l«tt(l in llio Ca4(>, 
■nd Rumlinl him with I«UDiii|; niid c\|wri- 
«Boo^ Hu OMaed the defenco lu a apencli 
vbkh Lord CwnplwU eslU'rcar^ hoDeat but 
vrrj in<ffieienl,'uid orau-examtued mMt of 
\iu! witif^ws, but left to G»kin«< thn nplv 
(te* StaU Trial*, rnl. x\i.) At ihn ffiTioral 
MeelioD of KW he iriw rRtumnl. through 
TTlilrtow'" JTiftanan', for the baroiu-h uf Hin- 
d<in in Witishirv, and took hiii aett on 
31 fM. U« nctnl wilh the oppoeiti'in, 
but luitil Lord Niwth's fall oolj hp'>)ie onco, 
on a raolion !•> exti>^il« lh«i hMrin^ of an 
elcelion pplition. lli> wn», iufnolptLWrj' bnd 
tpMluq*, ibick and hurrivl in hit nttomncc, 
awkwHnl in d>.']iT«i7, obaciim in c^pruisiun, 
aod imiablu under oppoailioit or intorrup- 
tinn. With •one kmitalian, and acting a« 
OKualapoa thn adrin of Dunning and Thar- 1 
luw, ho accepted the olTi^r at the attom^v- 
ECnenbhip which LorO Rot^kitij^hnn) mnili' 
himaDta£ingofR<«(-j:iApril I7r<Sj. Iloi^t 
Unaelf^ «a»iniA thawi8horhiacol]«aguM,ta 
ranedj tb abuae which pcnnitied the r»- 
ceivsn of iJic fundi in the diffwwit govnro- 
ra^il oiRce* to retain baliuiem in thnir hnnda I 
fi>rlo^ perioda togetlierwicliout accounting ' 
for tbfliD, and proposed rcooluliona cnlliiiK | 
(in Ilisb^i lii><-' pavmwter-genersl, and W<<l- . 
Uiri' Ellis, Uiu iRii-iurer of the navy, lo llt<> 
eiBtani*Qt» of the bilanNo, aaid to amount i 
to 1.100,000/., which were- in thoir band* oa 

JuittiagoSoe. Ilia mioliitioQsWfrp r^ocled, , 
ut he ptewed the matter till a rubwqtiiiot 
niniiitr^ inlrmluMd a hill to pnj I'Xtthoaucr | 
udilorn and i-'lti-m by uUnrj and not by tiwe. , 
Vhi^n Ivord Sliplbam« eamn in, Kenyon ad- 
1 to him, nnd, ijnitting office with him, 
jed on lo April 17^. He rMumed it 
tanlly uodiM Tilt (i6 Ihx. 1783), for h.« 
Lflikml both lli« busiiieM of his oIKcc and 
~the duties xf parliamcoc llis hralih waa 
iiupiur*d, and accordingly, upon tho dc-ath 
~ T Sewnll, cna«icr of lhi> rolln, »horllr before 
rllamrnt wm iliiuolvi'il, ho yii-Idrjd to the 
cwMie of I'll I and Sbulbume, ruM^'ned hia 
«hiefjB*tieMlup of Oieater. acceptml the 
nsMeralup of the rolla, small as its «iuolu- 
niMite w«re, was Awoni in on 30 March IT^M, 
■ea menWeftliepriiiTcouDcil if April 
iuid was knighted. Ae mMter of thn 
'ud tilting often for ihn lorddiancellnr, 

rver ut in cbancurv. and clctLivd off many 
arrears of oatuea. lie aroidcd enunciniittg 
pl^nciplM, and wiu content to decide vac£ 
oa*e barely ou it« merits. R^iaintii^ hi<) right 
to nt io parlinmeni, and being retiused for 
Tr^fTMioy in Cornwall, he wan entruated by 
Pitt with llinl.iakofjiutifyinKlhn conduct of 
(hehiKh bnilill'in tluicnMof tho W«iniiai!tor 
aciruliny. ontlin the mull thr previous (jiunh' 
tion vuL-outriud bv233 votea to 130. During 
thu di?bat<^s upon the motion for the impeach- 
ment of Warren Haalings he ir«« a coutant 
Rpeaher in his defenni, and Mpeolally (May 
1786) misted the motion for produciion M 
IIwitingM'a conw*pondenco with Middleton, 
minister at Lucknow, upon the vround that 
in a quodi-crimiual procuLHlinK di«covitiT of 
documents ought noltobeurd<--riHl- His bent 
0p<?N.'h was made in defence uf hia «ld ftirnd 
Sir Elijah ImpeyTq. v.] Ou SS July i;»l 
lie was cnated a MJOnet,and wa« alrv«dy 
undnrstood to be daaignsted ns Lord Mana- 
&«ld> ruoocMor; but Lord MonsSold. who 
wished BuIIft to hare the ehiaf'jnalic<«bip, 
clung to office until 1788, when on 9 .lune 
Ki-nyOD was sworn in a* chief just icu, with 
the title of Baron Kenton of Orcdiugton, 
and was inslalled in Norember. Tlw ap- 
poiniment was not popular. Ili« muiiu>?r« 
were rough, blunt, and somewhat boF)ri'ih. 
' l.ittlononvnnant with thn mnniii<r« 'ifjHiliie 
lifOi'fnyii Wrainll (MfnuJtft.ln st-r. p. lUoJ, 
* ho retained all the original eoUM homall- 
noMof hi* tiiirlr habits, baarible^dmliltiteof 
all refinement, parsimonious evi-n in n degre* 
approuchiiw toavajie«,'he wosihe nulject of 
innumerable jeets and Hloriea. It wus Mid of 
him by LordElleuborou^hlhat theworvleou 
hi# toinb.'morsjanua vita.'weie not ih«< re- 
sult of n blunder, but of ftn attempt at thrift 
by rpari ng I he cAppnueofn diphthong. But his 
lifdWDs, und hiid lavm from joulh, strict and 
tcmpemte,uiid his integrity won a* undoubted 
OS his learning, iinichncsii, and industry were 
great . 

He was much consulted by Pitt and Tbuiw 
low upon the rennoy question during the 
liingV lllnl^u in I78B,and was eftn suimncned 
toniiendcabinni councils. Ilispi^ncipal trials 
in which he nilrd in favour of milking iho 
quDStion of libel or no libuln q^umtion for the 
jury, a view which he tcnacioiiBly opposed 
m the Hubai'quvnt di^baten on Fo.v'b Libel 
Act in 1702; the trtuU of Frnsi and uf iho 
publisher of lite 'Morning Chronicle ' for 
Mditious libels in 1704, in which he proMed 
aotnewhat hardly upon the prisoners, though 
in tho ypnr folloVin^ he voI4hI with Tlinrloi* 
against Ihr- Treasonable Attempt* and the 
Seditious Meeting* Bills; the trialof ItooTea 



b 17M far BkOi^ Ik* aMiiutidB V '»' 
•tribiaf ik* H omb rf C awa w i a* a aan 
■Anct cf BaoMT^T <«L xxn.aBD>; Ike bU 
oriK)^ WHIM* ni i;W far pwMiili^ 
pMM't'An of BaMM'fA. 70S>: u4 t^ 
indcflbdMd lorattandBK ihe lifrd' 
GmiBm. tag ¥iiiHlifiriM». u^w 
Wg^ik, aad Eyn, b* ■WwiiJ tte «xwm> 
nr n- brfbn tfe finj co— cB ef «•(• ' 

■wu^ triad fLoBS Oobcawnm. HiMnr. ii. ; 
40). Bm tod uf ihm fomtioB of » jafaid 
effMor of pnUie bottmi, JeaowBoeJ fumng, 
dinclHl b<MT<r liuiups in BMiooa at ttim. I 
oM., soil in (mjO chu^nl paad jiiriM. by 
WBj of refnn)^ for lb* pRv«3iu teutitj, 
to prcaent indictawaU nodcr tbt long ofag^ 
leir law* agmiiMt ncfatisf aad fMwullinf . 
Botli u MHat M lU rolU ud m ebef 
Jh«»w ba iM Ua bea ■([Mut ibepoecieaof 
atUiof oBeaa ta lua gift, b^ wUoblni mImt, 
wUeli dininf die foarMen 7«MS that he bcfd 
IIm eUef-jnKioeah^ aTengad onljr 6JX0L, 
nifhl h«<rebc«B Boeh inmcunl : and tluMi|;b 
haanmarfaUjHfgndKit lorkUAthaaaktMa 
of fUMa Ji*i%Ka to BflOOl^ be nfiMed anv 
iaenaaa of liii own, and kiowclf btoaRlii m < 
bill ta abotiah miteean tletkAiv* of ksiiztr. 
Ila did, boweror, beatmr TaloaUe MMCUNa 
— tboae of ewA» brerJun aad of filacer of 
the Ida^a beach — apon Ua two etdMt tftu 
M thtj atuiaed tboir vttjontj. Georp^Itl 
liaiMured him wiiL ki« particular frienil*hi]i, 
coiwlautljr aaked liis adrioe, and viut«il hioi 
at bia hoiMo at tlia MaMb|rat«, ICirhmond 
FWrfc. II' wa« <omlBUiioaM by ibr kiajf to 
piulenviMf lo mak* {MaM b*tv<«n I*itt and 
HiiirUmr on wvvnl occt ai om beiwivn 1780 
aad I7tl2, and wm tnnch cimaultcd bj him 
in I79AOI1 ihe •nii-ni lo wbicli tbewnma- 
tioo oadi winiM forbid tbu lajtl aawwl to 
any relaxation of tlie law* aeainal IbMnao 
oatlMlica. Altanduionin Ihnllouanof Locda 
bootnwi inornuibtcly diiliutofal to liim, toil 
Iwalwwl n«u.'d lo diMuik ia di?biiti-. In ITtM 
Iw pf'iJi^l ill till! iIoiiM of i»nl« (liirint; 
l/inl I>Hi)'lih<>r)iiil!i'Rilln»wiBiKlaC IfanUngii'* 
trial, wliicli lixiii vaiiiendaavoorcd totborien 
•ml brills witliin iMaaoabla boaiid*. The 
(Uatli of Tii« vldiKi MM in IWX) to diatr«aMd 
Uim tlul bit wu till liut c:oiii]N!l1od to TMifpi 
tlii)iTliiirt^iUticn>biii. in the autumn 'if ItWl 
lili liaaltli fnilnil : Iiu in vain tri^ to aiI in 
lyiurt during Ililnry ii'rm 1803, and. dying 
nt lUtli on 4 April, was biiriM nt llDnmvr 
('liiircli— wlioru ibt'iv It ati I'lliiiry uf liim by 
[Uoun — ind vraaiiicrvi'dct) in tlir Iiaroiiy by 
liii •Idml Bun'tviiiK ■uiii, lieafgi'. 

In porai^ii ho w** nliijul flvii frot twi intJii-* 
in balKhl, (parn of fi)iiir», ■loni in i^ounlo* 
iiaiicv,clinryofi>pa<>i.-h. IIownanpiiTDlawyvr, 

naatr ■iub^. b« turiv mmnriBii m tut ' 
Woai atp— liua ot iit lair. bimI alwitij 
luawy to tba auicUaaa of law nibar tbia j 
to iba fcjD h il ity of aqaitT. No jadge wb ] 
fnaa^daalaaf iatbr kinir* bwMbaahMI 
aa mUo^ avOTolad ; nt he bardlyaT«r< 
•■ked a book, and ooskl diqmao of a teeit ' 
of CMea in a day. Ue wm no atatesman ud 
dklikid vebii^ Ilia ^aina, which wem 
Utlga, and bia MnapiiWhidi wet* ]w|eT, W 
JBTaatad ia lead ia Waka, often baymf m- 
talMoa )■&■■■» thlaa; Ibr, a* b" «a!d, if 
ha boag ht profa rty b« woold Bad law U> 
kMf it tiQ twenty yr*r*' occitpation ftatt 
hiai a title better than dnd*. IJc brcaai* 
lorf- l i w rt e aaai of FLntdkire in 1797. Tbto 

aie two potUaita of him bt Romnry and oat 

[Tb* prtocipa] aaibon^ ia G, T. Ktaj^f 
lA. patliihrf 187*. wkioh eorracta th* tmm 
«l Tnaaahiad'a •aMdoUe Ufc ia th* Ut« J 
Tntr* &a>arat JBdMa.aiid of LordCanpWr* 
Tcry UMiU Uf* ia lis Una of iha ChiW lat- 
li«B. Sm. too. Fma'a Lina of (ba Jad^ ; F» 
nnaaHa Noo-book of a ftatired Banwtdi 
TwtM'n IJfo of Locd EldM : Ckaibboira liio 
of (tie Lord CbaDoollata, vol. r. (I»*d Tbw- 
)o*'i liifc): WiMniri Fdathomua* UoaMn: 
SUrmi* HoDoas of nonw Took^) J. A. B. 

KSOOB, JOHN (It.a0!'-I7£A\ Irith 
divino. bom at Clooocleifih, near Limrtriok. 
■boot lUnO, WSJ ooo of Umia Keogh, of aa 
oldIri>lifimilT,irhichbad1<Mt Ila poiaeMJoai 
in the CnHUWi^lliun warv, by bin wife^ lb* 
widow of a clet^gyoua nani*d ICymt. Hi* 
iBotlMr'a maiden aaaie waa Wiitiiigtoo. 
Kea«b taitvtiMl Trinilr Colksv, Dublin, in 
1080, and pmc«-ded 'M..4. in 1076. II' 
obtained Mxne rqmtalion for bit thill in 
malheaiBtica, wBD •ppoinledtoalivin^jbyiri* 
*eltled down ioBMba)ar*a lifeai Simk'^fwn, 
00. Roacommon. Tho proband of I'.-rnKHi 
bsrrv in ihi" chiircb of l-.lpliin was conferri'd J 
on liim in I'Vbriinrv Itl7f,and hi- aiipPBW fori 
unraf! limn ici linvflcrptaschuDland ]irvp(irodJ 
pupiU for Dublin I'niversity (JVjiJi<wi/mjm/1 
Antiptitieiiiiflrfliiriil.yAtO). Ilii-rnvtitirila^ 
■tudice teem lo liave Wn Il'i-hivw nnd llii 
Bpplicaiion of tuHth^maiiM lo tbo ■olution 
01 myatieal rrii^on* probl«Tn». .\nioiw Ui» 
n'orki VIM, ' A Dnmonalmlion in I.nlin \'r-rae 
of the Trinity,' which ' bn wnt oftpn lipirl 
to my wiw u jflain to him as two uiid thceu 
muki^ five.' Kca)(li's nun. during u viiiit lo 
lyindon, showL-d thin work tu Sir ImhcNvw- , 
luu, ' who sevinod to approve of il mieblyl 
well,' In hi» 'Seals MeUphysir*' Kroeti] 
demoiiBlrntnil mntliHinnticnlly 'whiit diipcnd* 
piice tho ni-Ti-nil dp|rPiMi» of bcinifB hnve do] 
Ood Almigbly, from the hjghiut Hngel 

_ matHM'fmin liU hA»d rtvtv un- 

irTuiiKti^r dactiwrnd br an tcoidental Bru 
I his nnatun: but hi* * H<?bn!n' I.Hii«in,' 
book ■ Dc iMbogranluB.' LiUn and Greek 

ruBTOftn. »iid Ml 'AubIost <*' <'>^ '^O'" 
konela'aiill exiat in uuDiMcripi inTriniir 
oIlrpTi Ubrarv. I1<^ <Um1 iii )i:2'V. K<>o(ilt 
lATTMil in 1tif9 Avi» CloMoii. <)aii^ti.T of 
fr. Rom Ulonton, <if th>> nlil Warwiokihirv 
uuitv. Ho D*i! iwi-nix-no'^ cliildren. 

7-U l.rnlcnd ilic charcli. and b/Ii-t acting for 
ytae I into wcbaplain loJamBiKinir, fourth 
aim, CO. Cork. 1I« was lli^ aiiilmr n! tiirnn 
nrinns works : 1. ' nolanolo^ia VniviTMlii 
lilinmu^' (a li'i '>f nm)i4-ian] plant* erovriag 
I Inland), Cork. !7W (nxi 1'ii.ii:m:v. /"r*- 
rrw ./ /.'../ffnv. ii- Wl.rf. -WrfiV. ,M-S. WWl). 
. 'A ViiidicalHiQ i>f lht> AnliguiliM of Ire- 
tnd.' Hublin, 171^. Ilu murnml Gttiabolb, 
' ■ o( ]>r. Henry JFnninga, ■ roastn of 
I : •«» nf Marlbomiwhtby wbom ho hod 
iir'-v. ..>iH aail thr«n dau^Krr*. lie died in 
17&4,nl tlHi*g«arMnrentT-lbrr«. 

rWebb'>(Vniip'i>linmarim!i Bioj, ; Walker'a 
Bri<(«nMn itnK. I7i)>.p. >2i: Ciiixn's Fosli. ir. 

KOt in VnrJintiOQ of tbe AntiaaltitB of lrT<- 
Bt Apixa-iii.] T. 8. 

Uc iBBdOT, born in I74U, tbir aon of liunbl* 
nta, h^RUi life aa a Bmall tmd«m»HB in 
itin. He protprfed iu l>iii>ineM, ami nc- 
j,i« aiMliMU fConau <»t holic, on'idi-r* 
■ influ»nreuBani^lii*co-relii[i<>niii«intlie 
tritii mi-lr>i*>lit. Iii 1790 or tliermlmui* lio 
tnt oloctvo a innnibcr nf tli« cjlbolic iv>oi- 
DiitlM, at lliat tlaip nnder tliu leadL'rabip of 
Lord KmiBurfi^ lli>i.-0bi(3t(ipriimi>t«auiur« 
MniTvagiiaiian oa bubalf uf catboliu enianci- 
Mtinn were ont at &rn noKiMiul. Rarly in 
ITUI 1m (ibtaiDfd lb« taoction of the rom- 
a^liT'f" l*v \]i' irrli'i.iii^yaoflbo [ri>licath<i- 
B^ lihtrTiandaftrribroe 

Kii' iiiijhcrrtiimrdtolri'- 

land vrilli a fa VDUisU" nniWi-T to bin pi^lilioa. 

Ueaiiw]ii)e,boreTrr,'ibi'Kcnmnr«te«.' act- 
Inif, M WU Mipp^wd. nnd«r (lie iiilluence of 
llw Iriah gawmmeat, tio'l iv<f>h ed tu refrain 
br llw tine fruni funlker petilioiTiinir. niid lo 
l«aT*tlipniatt#Tintli<iltnndtofllit< tri>!i [«r< 
iUownt. Toibi'|>oli^Keagliw*iialtn([vthcr 
tipfOttd, and oa a vot* ia R«'>i'ral comuitiiw 
Iw auowrdnl in carr^tiir ibe tnnjuritjr with 
hiiL Tbi! dL-f<«t nf tb-' Krnmanritfs wna fot- 
kwnd by tkeir accoHion, and hj tlw recon- 
tUMtiuti of the ooBiiiittc* on n irider uid 


inoiv popular basii. Keogh liimirtf, byot*iy 
ni-e«cia within bis power, ntrovp to rmiae tlut 
catliolics from tlu-ir leihari^', and it was 
mainir owin^ to bis entbuHiasui tbat tba 
catholic ranrentioa aaseBBblcd in Dubjin on 
3 Dec. 1792. Aclinc nadN Lis adviec, tbo 
eoatvntion appointw a d«{iut«ti(ni>of which 
Keoijh WW a aombnr, to prtMBl U> ili« 
kiiij* a atatcnent of tbo gnevnacM under 
wbicbthecailiolicaoflreltnilUbouitd. TIm 
doputslion was ftvounU^ nortrKtl, and ft 
dirMt coDtmnciioa of it was ihc lEeliirf Act 
of 1703. The meoMre owed niuvb to tba 
judicio>iw managnunt of Kcwti while it wm 
pasting thr<iu)[h parltamnnt. Kotvriclislaad- 
iiij;; liii HvmpBtbv with the olqoeta of the 
I'aitt^ Irishtnm.'lie nteadily rrfuwid toftllow 
the catholic elaiua to be contpromiied by Aaj 
connection with them. Tho li^lieT Act wa* 
the gniat trioaiphof Keogh's lifr. Whl^n it 
had paMod hm fell that the conTontion bad 
dona ita work, Mid forthwith prompted its 

KcfOfth bad •OTcml imUiit friend* amon; 
the I'nitod lri»bm«a, nnd WolfL- Tone »po«kii 
in hi^ letters of Rympathctto nwetio^ nrith 
Keogb at tlie latter* bouse, He Irub ko- 
v«mmr^it hnd long pouMsed certain infor- 
mation thai Kraghwasintliehabit ofatt^nd- 
init till- till "MiTiir* nf tb^icoRirailleoof United 
Iristri ■I:, .ml •horilr bcfori^ tbo freacti ex- 
podiii <ri 'Liii'Ll in iJnfwmbi'r 1700, be and 
utlii-rt uf the L'nitod Iriilimnn on whoM CO* 
opMvtioa tbi) Frwich bad counted wero 

f laced under urresl. He wa* su^Majuently 
iberaied, but the rebellion of I'&a ffrently 
depressed him. Bodiljr infirmity alM> eou- 
Hnvd bim to hi« i<Mideitc« at Mount Jerome, 
and lie icniduflllr cvaMwl to take any aclivo 
part in publiir affair*, though h« ocCMionally 
spoke at catholic meotinif*. Ho liT<<d to ■(h' 
thn revival of the catholic aipialion by 
OX.'onn*lI, but was atronrly itnpivuDd with 
the impodsibilily uf outainlni; c>imptetc 
eni&neipnlion until tbe eatbolic* could H-cure 
llip rflium to psriiametit of one uf their own 
lioiljr. He died on 13 Nor, l**!?, and wa« 
burird in St. KnvinV cburcbyaril, under a 
i<loiiuerecle<lta bit father and molhrr. Eight 
yeara Inter hi« wife was laid in the wme iini«. 
Ke^gh wai a man of roiitcb manners, out 
poosoaaed m iich uai ural ability- lie was wnte- 
what rain of bis personal appeannor.and his 
conduct on the oocaaiun of the catholic dopu- 
companion*: bnt'vrli«n hnri>tumodhom«b« 
laid aaidc hi* court vig and liia court matllMT, 
and only retained hi* Iriah feeling.' Hi* 
cneaiiM charged him with insincerity, but the 
charge was unfounded. To Keoeh's boost tbat 
it was he that hud made men of the catbolica 


Cn>>niMlt replied withM)meir<il)];'ir.vou dill, 
UiejrBresuekiBflit ttSKali««Sknh>>^peaTi)'ti(le> 
of Natiin's joiimeyincn liavia^ lund^ them, 
And mad* lliPm bodlT.' But thi^ Itelief Act of 
ITOSwairRrylnr^lyduo Co blsgenomlsliipnf 
the cnthotim nr i time wbon iLej wc^n- »imlf 
ia apalby nnd dr-tyiuir. 

pVeblr'i Coin[wDtliuni ; Wvm's Cnthatio Asto- 
dsiii'n, i. I'ja. 1:17, Iti; T. Wotfe Tona'n Airta- 
bi'i^pliy. i, 4Si ilmitan'* Lit*, iv. Bl ; Miu-- 
Kovin's i'lMTii of Irish llintory. p. IS; Fitx- 
pntpck'n Ci)m.'*pijnc!on«> of Diiniel O'Conndl. i. 
ISO, ii. 130: Iiivky'* l^iiulnnil in cho Eigliiroiiili 
Cvntury ; UuUlin £v«niuB Poil, 22 Nov. 1817.1 

It. D. 


(i^-lT-lwrh). (rinli juiifle, belonpod to u 
Unman cuthulic fuuiily fornn-'rlv BiTtilud at 
Kwjglivill'T, fu. Kiisfimiinon. llr n-aa hnru 
at Oalwav 011 7 Due. lt*l 7, IIi» tMhrr, Wil- 
liam M. K^n^h,wt)t>n solicitor, and »oin»tiiiii) 
elerkofthncrownfof lliecrmntyof KilbonnT! 
liijimoTlii!rwaiMaT7,dnti|[htoTorMr, Aiu>tin 
I'Yfpnpli of Itnlioon, ea. linlwaj-. IIi» via* 
(■dueali-'l hI ihe schunl uf the Itov. Dr. Iliid- 
Jard ill Moiinljoy Snuart^, Dublin, tliun ia 
bigli rvpiito, enrer«!TriiiilyCiiill<^ie, Dublin, 
in IR12, and nbtiiinod lionoim iii Mriencc in 
bix firnt nnd uni-niid ycnr*. Ho left, id til* 
Mnl ycnr wiilioiit hnving tiik«n a depivp. 
Whilr Bt Trinity hi- ma* n fnnjuent Rpoakpr 
in tli«dnbnti» of llin llii)[nricnl 8oci<it_r,and 
WU kirnrdi'd thn lint nt'un for omtory nt 
tim Mn o( ninctunn. In MichnnlinnB tfrm 
lH%i lu> wnHiiJinitli'd n •liid'^ntnf ilicr Kinn'i 
Inlit, Dublin, and in Micbadmns [rrm 1SS7 
of Liiirnln'a Inn. In Ililury lomi 1)^10 lii' 
WM enlU'il I'') tim Irixb bar..ind toini^d ()iu 
Ooniuiiglit rircitit, vflwri" Iii» fiimily ccinn^c- 
liimi Iny. In lbni>nini>v«ar 1fpiibli)i!ie>.l, in 
OiiHtiiiiPlioii will) Mr..M..I.IimTy,'ATr(iiitiw> 
on lilt- l'rnrliciM)ftln.'lIiRb('iiurl nfChnnciry 
in Iri'lniid,' liiit \vf nvvt-r Dliliiiacd nny con- 
wdcrnbln prnritro in tlint cdurt. Hin natural 
Itiftit wi-ni tliniw of an ndvocalv ratber than 
of a Inwrfir; n pfin-nrfid rnioe^ an imprcairivo 
fuel!, and iinpnui'>nr.d diilivery were com- 
binml wilb a rt-ndy How of vigoroiiii ftiid or- 
anto Innjfiioei'. 
I|ii niiriii arijiiirvd n fair prai^tien, princi- 

Iinllv on cimiit,*, oi 11 juniur, be held 
«ivfinif lirinf* in tlio moat important com*. 
and hi* DowoTS of idvocicjr w«re ooiuid«red 
ao fafmiakbl« tbnt upcrial coiinwl were Kome- 
timn brousbl' doirn In nnprwn liim. At rhu 
ftmvnil (ilorti-iii of 1817 lio win rirtHnird for 
Atli Innn 1141111 in(l<^r''nditntcotu<'n7itivo.liniii)( 
llieimir lt'>iiiuu riiltioliccoiiALTt*ativc?,>Wii>ii 
to tlin'- jmrliument. After n lima bi' wrui 
ranki'd n> n I'ev^lire. In 1M9 be vaa mndu 
a H.C In IMl lie took an actiro aod [iro- 

miitent partinoppoailioii lu theErcle«utic*l 
Titlrs Rill iMMed b\- Lord John KuvMtL 
ilia action largely in'crMwd bU tsj'puuiNn 
and ]H>]iuUrity in trrlnnd. II<^ wu tha 
principal •peakorataDiaM-miiriinK of ICaoUB 
caihoVtM b«ld in Dublin in August li^I lo 
protest arainet tku mcorani, nnd wiu ooe of 
the fouiiden of tUe CatboUc Di-fencr Amo- 
ciation established iaoonwqnetiOHuf ii. lb 
alto took van in the tcnanl-riglit noT*- 
innnt, «penking at Tartous BOmrtings hr-ld ia 
support of il, niid in tli9 MMnon nf liiSi 
■ccmidnd in thi- 1 1 cmut of CommniM tknTcnaol 
ttiftht bill uf William Sbarman Cniw6y4 
[<|.»-.] Attlicirc^irralcloctiionoflttiiiShrtWtt 
aKiiiii rtrlunied for Athlon*. In Deeenbs 
1$J>2 Kvigii and iIk- bulk of ik« Irisk nM* 
vot«d iu the unjuriiy nhieli up«et UM 
Derby's ministry. IiiiIkenAwmiiiifltryofLin^ 
Aberdeen Kooifb became HOlirilor-^iwrvl for 
In-lmtd (Doccmlxir lh^2>. Ill* sccefrtaae* 
of officn (fnvfi BT^ai oflencit to ibo rxlrtme 
winit of the Iri'h pnrty. who con■ul(^r(d it 
iiicuniiitcnt with llic ^p<•«clK« wliifh be bal 
nionlbt. IIi'u'Hs billvrly usiailed bjtiann 
DulTy ill I lie 'Nation 'and by l.acas JB Um 
'Tolilit.' and bis nvelcclion (or Athlonewii 
npposi'd. His appoint innti I iriit alto dliloMv- 
fnl to Ibn coQuDrvnlivci. uml wvallsFknd by 
I^rd WustDicatb in Ihit lloum of I»rdi. 
At Atldono hi!wa»niipportiHlby thncnOinlic 
bishop ( Dr. Ilr>i»-n<') nnd clrrny, nnd wa« 
rc?-fJL-cU-d by n larp- mnttirily. In Jannary 
IKiVi ilie Ab(^rdi-iMi uiiiiialrv nnifi'Ded; a new 
ministry »ti* form'"! by Iiord PulintfTflm, 
K'-Offli was ap[)oiii[i"d atioroey-cneral tor 
Ireland and was swoni of tbi- Irish pRf 
raimctL Hewasre-elcclednt Atbloni-wiih. 
out oppoaition. In April 1K56, on ibc d<Mili 
of Mr. Ju*ticR Torren*, be was appointed a 

f'ndffo of tke court of common pli-u* in Ir»- 
and. Amonf; tlio remnrkuble cooes in nbich 
he WAS counsel nbil>? al ibe Imr wirri- Itirch 
r. Somen'ille (December 1^'<1). im action 
by the proprietor of tlie ' 'World ' n<'".'Jtjnpe; 
ogalnst tlw Irish chief BPCn'torj- on arnllojted 
ogro^mMit to pay liim for nippurlins law nnd 
ordiirin bis pnpir: Ilnndoopk r. Di-iai-oux, 
ia the court of cbanci-ry (I'cbninry l!*.')ii>, a 
00*0 of n painful noiiinr, involvint; ibtf titte 
toBlaweertateinGEilwny, inwhicli Keoftk'a 
reply lor tbe pluintilT was bo loucbinj; and 
eloquent as to draw (ears from the chaacol- 

W; andli>~g. e.PetclieTine(necnRib»rl8UX 
tbetrinl ofa Itod«niptoriit monkonnchug* 
ofptDfanoly and cnnli-mpliioinily bumino'A 
eopy <'t the anthorisi-d rorsion of ibo ItiUe] 
Kcogh conducted ibo pro»oculion fualiomey' 
On the bench be soon Bequired tbe repo- 





tfttion oTk judgv of ability nod ilincFmueol. 
Thoiwh not a proround lawj-vr, lio imur 
hXM to •{rprvculi- » legal u^nmeiit, and 
til Jiidpu»iii* were elrar and to tlie point. 
HHexccltodinibeind of aisi priuacasM; 
iit p«>rr<>piiou wui aa'ieV, h* fftwped tlio 
HheU nf tb>> CMC npidly, aoil pnsnnti-d them 
^K^l V jiirv wiib clc*mi!«> ana prcci.iion. In 
IMIS buwHuappcniiteil, Willi Mr. Jiiiiioel-'iit- 
gvntd.nn tbeipeoi&leommi&stoa forllir trial 
of (li« Fpuiuu t>Ti«oiipn at Dublin and Cork, 
aixl brfiirw tb-^rn Lubj, O'henrv, O'Donovan 
Roaso. aiul Ibe (Kher priiicipal conf^piralora 
www trinl. iMhy, in tii» spmch after ron- 
victiuii, admowlndflMl t h« faimcAi of Kfcgirs 
■UBmiii)(«ap to tbo jurr. In lr>7L' titc cnlo* 
tirainl Oatvnv eimntv flrelion iwlitinn wan 
triul lirfon' bim. Tht uiatltdiitd at llic 
election wyr>? Cajirtiin J. P. Nolan (home 
ruler) b»<I Ca^ain L^ Poor Treiioh (ooii- 
•ervaiivej ; lb* (<trm*t wan rvtiimad by a 
laivv majoritv. IIi» rcliim va" ^utxntvii 
a^i&M mainly on the croiind ot iitidun tii- , 
flBMicp«s<Mwi*^on hi» bchnlf bv ihf Itoman | 
carbolic der-iJj'. TlwlrialliLiiisifrdm I April 
to 27 May, and ruulli-d in I'nploin Nnlnn 
being un»>-a(«d, and itirev Roinan catbolic 
Inab'^and tlurly-oii«|)ri(^4t» wvre rqwrloil lo 
aidnitoD. TliatOa^taia Nolan iras properly 
un«cslri] on the eridenc* could liardfr !>>• 
ccialeciod, but tbnjudp' in iheMiurte uf hi* 
iuilgmmt comnMnitod on tht> aciioa of tbe 
KvmBn (•atbolie bialintiii and priwtaia tama 
iif uniunnl swrrity. ifiirvmarluwaradiMply 
^McQtrd, and arouard much popular feolinfr. 
^■■i^tini;* WMe beld at irbicb bet wan du- 
Hptnnvl. be wan burnt in *1R]iy in iiuQii-rum 
plaivii, a&'l tlin cxcilement b»oam0 «<> gTMl 
tlul uppcial pnn:nuii<>Ti» liad to be taken 
by th' jfinrminnnt fr-r bi* pmlooliiti. In 
IM II("i» iif Common* Iiaar Hull [q. v.], 
tlv bointvfule Irsikr, bmu^bl forward • 
saMian tmnDgnini; ibo conduci of tliejiidgo; 
■t was ilemtli^d br a laiv<.' mnjorilv, only 
twtntlT-tkree ruling iu its favour {» Aug. 
iWii). For Ibe ivtnninJef of bis lift- Ki-oKh 
was Ibo anbjfrt of Ronmant atlock by ibt- 
bomo-mlrpanT. In I'^T'^liisliMlibbepinto 
fail, and li^ diril nt I(iiij[i:a>on-ilin-IUiiiie on 
90 Hevl. tt( Ibal yiwr. Ihirin^ Ow grnaliT 
[Mrl of his ti-oare irfollirie bu bad bmia one 
af the uhhi GonqMciious Hirtim* on tbo Iri*h 
'. Genial and ^joml-nalurrd, h" wn« 
kt la prirale life, wbcre hin mdy wit 
t CDRrmnlhinil powvra made bim a muit 
afmoabhi cntapant'in ; h« po«»MKd an un- 
uiwiUljr rolfntiTfi mennry, and hU fuud of 
UiMdoie waa rarird and i-nli-rljiinin^. 

Ill 1067 tbpuaircrsitynf 1)iiMinci>nrrrrRl 
Upon him lh«l](nMnury'di^T<<eof LL.l). Ho 

ai ineu 


married, ui l&ll, Kate, <UuKht«r of Mr. 
Thouuft Roney, miveon, by whom be had ■ 
ton (calltxl 10 (lie friab bar in 18*1 ) and a 
daugliter (marriml to ibi^ Hon. Mr. Justice 
Murphy >. Dolb niirmiid him. In odditiiui 
be WTW nuthnr of two jiftnipbl'ln, ■Ireland 
aaik-T Lord du (Jn-y,' Isll, and ' triiland Itn- 
iwrialiw-'d,' and of ' jVn KtMy on MUtan'a 
Prate Writiturit,' 1«IW. 

{UiK MiiKH/itii- "tnil ](<'»(«, NntBiaWr IS*B; 
Anil. Kfg. 1H7H: Timv*. 8 Out. 18.8: KaiiMtrd, 
Ul(t-A!l and l«71 ; Nov Ir*knd. 18;7 : L<fo uf 
Vr^l-rjch Lu<M. M.P., 1888; 0»lnMy Ci<iii»y 
Klortion PntitioD Jadicmrnt, and Minutmof Eri> 
drace. pLiiiikDicnur)' I'jpor»(Hl) of 1872, toI. 
xirlii. ; infurniiilioii frnm (nuiily.) J. D. V. 

KBON, MILL'S (;E1IAI.D(I8l>1-1«M, 
nOTvIiat and coluninl svcrvtary, tiiHt male dv 
acendikul of an old Iriili family, tbo Kt«n« of 
Keonbruoliu, »i.Lifitri)ii,wn0liomon 20 Feb. 
1S31 in liiM palpmal raslii' on iho bank* of 
the Sbnnnoii, wlitdi wnn built i^ntirdly of 
while marble quarriwl nn tbi" catali-, and •till 
known n* lveiMi'« l-'ollr. Miles wuk Ihii only 
wn of Mylcs (Irrald Kron, barrittor-at-liiw. 
bvhis wcond wifi', MuryJim-', fifth daUghti-T 
u^ I'etrick, count Mn^wly, and of Jane, 
daughter of Cbriaiopher Fallnn of Runny- 
met^ CO. Itoacommon. Ilii) fatlior having 
died at Keoabrooke in 1^^4, and bin mother 
in IS'i'j at Temora, he and big y^iiuiiriir sialtir, 
I'.Ucn ileuedicia, wore loft to tliti cnrf of 
Ibcir malTnal (p-jndmolhcr, (■oiiiilcJS .Mo- 
pawly, and upon licr d-.-ath to ihi- curf r)f 
their uncle, Fnuicis Philip, ooniit Magawly, 
<»ra<.'tiin<! prinii^ mlniiter of Murie Louise in 
the dllchi(^4 of P.>nun, Placeiili*, and (tnn- 
Itallo. Ou 2" March l«k! IC*»n wm nnlon'd 
as a Hludent at the inmiii pnllni;'' of Stnny- 
hursl, Ihen under thi> pfiJtidnnoy of I'ollier 
["arker. 11'^ won miuiy priitc*, inolndinjrono 
for popm on (Juwn Viciorin'n acwiwliai, 
rrprint'-d in the jubil«' yunr, in tlic thirty- 
luiMiod numbiT of tbr- 'SlonyhuNt M>j^- 
tinc' On (]iill(tng S<ouvbur>t hi' irind'' a 
pedjMlrian tour tbruugb France and crtuuod 
t(j Algeria, wbore Ii"t (-TTod ftir B aliort lime 
iu the l'"r«ich army under Diii^aud. He 
sDerwarda became a law uliidi'm ni f Iray'a 
lau, but Moa afa*ndoiied law for lilcmtun'. 
In ISIS In- publi.-ihwl at Dublin an oeiavo 
pnmphlr't i>ntit1i^ (aee tlir 7'aUfl, ir. fiilS^ 
•Thf !rith Ittvolulion. or What can th«lW 
iK'nliTM do? And what »ball bo the Now 
CVnatiiutiun?' His <«rlie*i aucciuM u a 
wtilt-r yroA a vindication of the joauit*, pub- 
lished in the third numbi^r of the'Uxford 
and Cambrid^ Itisvtow,' (ji^itembor IMfi. 
Appciirintr in the nominal oi^ran of both 
iinif-onities ii provoked a smatt contrnverHy. 



to CoOan* 

mtW Jolf 

■fiSa-n.«tttfM*Tk Lu*8tradd»af: 

Amx-' TWrmMuiTmdritMcbBarAkii- 
4i-KMiK, Aon VoaK, aal 
Two «tkir iMUtacat* BpffMn 
ui4 Ouobcr aBBha* 
Ubt'* Joaner m Foot lla«a^ Fnac-.' 
noa April to N'TVMifcvr ISMW wa* tht 
adHor oT'IMaiAd-* MMuaw.' la IH7 h» 
•Tk> Lift^Sun Alan*, the 
PuiieUa.' Sfccnly attvnait he 
•wand aa appoialnwat <n Uw aUtvi the 
'Jionuag Pom,' with wUdt be was vam' 
BNtadformtn Tcan. la 1460 he ««at m 
iU npnwnUiirv'to Si. PetcfahoBb irh»a» 
be wrote * A Lei(«r on tha Grade j j a wt io n ' 
Betwwn SS F«lk aad 3S Ang. 1»1 b* aoB- 
iribui<d a Mfia* of iwaatVMUT 'L b — aw ia 
FrvDch' lo'Oawdl'* Vr'inkw^ Mui's Fncna.' 
which ■fterwardf came iato citecnrc lup 
ia (h« t'oii'^ State* utd (^aada. Ia K^Kf 
Kkw wrotp in tfae'LondonJiMiniaraMnsl 
lujTri cnlliJ ' Uudin^, ll>« MoD«v-Sp>aBtT.' 
wbicli wu piililUbed natliuiilOIMj la IHTU 
ia ibrw TulumM. In I6t0 be wu eeat 
for ibn Mxxiixl titae by tbe 'Honuag Poat' 
t« St. VHtnhtti^. to Mcribe the eoraaelioa 
or tha ewpenr, Alexander 11. lie there 
made the aeqaaintanm of M. Boacbar da 
Pnthe*. who, in his ' Voyega an Rimie ' 
(1K5d),haa writMa pleawDiljr of their intei^ 
oourw. In 1SS6, BBdn a BuUakvn nrraa»r- 
mnnt, Kmn went out to Chleulta ta vjit 
tlin ■ llen([>l llurkaru.' itt returned in \S-'/>, 
awl WBi aitpuinted in .Mitrtb tlie colonial 
tecr(4ary al Bnrmiuln bv the ihnn ufcnf 
tofY of slat* f'lr lb« cfllimin, Nir Bdvnnl 
Ilalwvr Lyttnn. Ila held ibc poet till hiti 
death. InlStlShi'mibliibetlin twovolnmee 
ortavn ' Dion anil tbfl Sibrlt, a Itomanm of 
the FirM Cvnlury.' In tto vtnl«r of I8W 
hn obtained tuara of ahtancf, and vi»itoiI 
ICnmo at the OMning of the council »f tbn 
Vatican. In 1b67 ho bad delirovt in ihe 
Heohaok^ llall at Hamilton a counv '>f U-l- 
turMon'Oovommeiit; ilaSourrc.its Form, 
and ila Mmim.' 11« wm invited to l^ctiiro 
in tho United Sutee, but dncltanl nn at!- 
eount of hla offlolal poiilion. On 3 Jumt 
1876 he diad at Benoada. On 31 Nov. 1816 
KaoQ married Annx da la Pierre, thinl 
■laughter of U^or UawkM of the 3Ui light 

T««M»a Baaat ea IIM. ISbo. pawiin. IU*; 
• BU. tlitt. *eL H. IMI.] C. K. 


JOHN ( 0. lSfiO\. foH. amaa 
to haiT hM« imn at ^VcIlt. AimLTiFt, aboai 
iUr. Ba MWWJ Uait llall. Oxfotd. ia 
UU. and Badaaiad BJi. aa 1 1 F«b. IS6»- 
II* WW sill ia P M i aeae» at eoUwa in UTi, 
Ob (> JoIt loM. boiar then HJL of U«. 
TMa. he fitiiioaaJ to ae iacoqnrated at Ox- 
feed, hat the gnae <n* lelated. aa hi' vaa 
■eMoag J to be aBeaaaiai (ak t-ot ii. pt. i. 

Woed. aa the at hatity of Ili*hop Itai- 
tear, eagigiai to Kafar iha aathorahip <tf 'Tb* 
whoU Piwhar. traMJaUd iato HagliA Uptm' 
( 1367 .' I, which i( kaowa to hiTo brFB vrittra 
bj ArcUMhop Slatthew Parinr. Kcper ia 
aatbor et tkne cooraltiaaBtaiT poema, b^ 
■idea aa u Un m to tfte nadtr, m Tbomai 
nowrir« ■ Arbor of Amilie.' t*ro, Ififltl. 
J. K. (who, •• BUm eoaJNtorra, maj be 
John K'p-Ti iruuilatcd (mm the Italian of 
Count .^nntiialc Koeoci 'The ('lurtipn Aci- 
demia.' 4to, London. ISOt^ 

(WmTi •Atbewi Oxon. (BKmX, L 11S-18: 
TasDera B;I<I. BriL-Hib. p. t-Vt.] O. O. 


EaBK or AXaCMAKLBI tOSiM'tS), iilat«l lo I 

be deaoMided from Walter ran K«««l < 1 1 ;i^ 1 
123S>, knd of Kefipal in tba Low Couatne^ J 
wa* bom in Holland in 166B, [lowaaaoaall 
Oiwald van Kcppel and hi* wife AnnaOoiT> 
trnid von LinlWo. Ni>thio)[ii known of hie 
«iilvIuilorvi,Vix DEB Aa.voI.x.) Hacamo 
to Kiiglaad' in lOS^a-itb Williamof Oian|{e 
a« a Hifi? ot honour, and after the aocaanon 
of \\ illinm and Marv wa« nude a croont of 
llw bvilchamber and oiasler of the rolwa. Br 
le«i<>r* patent of tO Feb. 1696 he wa* ciMtail M 
Itaron .\«hloid of Afhfiicd in tha county of f 
KcDi. Vincounl Itiiry of Bury in the county 
imlatinuof lAiuailcr.aiulEarlofAlbrmnTln, 
tbr latter being n tuwn and trrritim' in tha 
t\M'k»\«motSonaaaiiylctXo/rt and QiterM, 
I at mr. ii. Vi&). IIh was a m^orfcnetal 
I S Juno 1697, in which year he waa emnloyed 
in thecampat l*romnlI«ai. Tlio ytar alter ha 
wa* made colonel of thnfint iroopnf llriiish 
hoTW-ffuards, which lie Rulfln'-d to Ihn Karl 
(Duk^jofPoriland'fora vuliiablfi^imsidura- 
tion'inl7IO. He introducctJ the I'oli^li envoy 
lo KinK WlUimn at l.on, whivh sent ^^'illiaI)l 
afti-m-antn [jrcsentod to him. On M May 
1700 hewa« maiie K.U. In 1701 he was I 




colooel of ilie Snt rvgiment of 
la tlie DmicIi i*rvicv. ftml wkd« vea.n 
later <hrpiity-f<)rw)<i«r of TlolUml.colonH of 
iIm tHitcli carntiinoT*. noil gii\'iTam of Itoin- 
l»>I>iic I](r iTRii ^Villiniu'ii OTuauiil coiu- 

Cjiion, nnd complctrly rngroisti tlie rov&l i 
TOHT. Uuriiii; William's lait illuMtAltH*- | 
narle ^n» wnt lu lyimmuiiiinli' his fiMun i 

Sluu to tiio iWiMitv lIeiD»iui» Bt lb« ng«ii?. j 
in lii? (J'.'atlibtHl ^Vitliatll liaadeil to Allir- i 
iKarie (lie h^vs of hi* cnbicM 41x1 prirBtr ', 
dntrvra. "Voo know whnt to ik> wit)i | 
ihfiD,' Iw mUI OUriirljtx, v. 81-3: cf. 
i/..f. .V.SS. a»m. IDili l^ji. V. IIW). AftiT 
WiUioa'a iluth (8 )Urch 170:!l AlWiuarlu 
rrtunwd to hU iiwii ommtrv, lo^ih !ii» wat 
•a a uvmlwr of lliu iiobilitj- Ju tli<-Slnt<M- , 
g«Bpnl. and wa« mii'te a geoenl of liorw in j 
tlw Diiioh anoy. Williui bmtUMtbixl him i 
a mm ef Iwa hiindfad tIii>UMn<I|niiM>-niiuid 
tbp tardahip of BfM-oM. A Dulcb miinu* 
«£ript in xhr Hriti»h MuMiim ■hown ikai ha 
uutitul4.>clniiuii npuiuttlicP)inra«^i>wag«q' 
of Na»uti ill iviipuct of l\vf 1<?)rai.'y (EgrrtrHi 

SIS. I't**. f. uiji, 111 I70.-. hn |>nia 11 Ti»it 

to EuglnU'l, anil, atWiiiliiiK Que*-n Aiinn on 
n visil to r'.imbriilf!*, M Mi<I W liaTi- r.>irpivpil 
ibv baoocar^dt^TM of doctor of lnw>. His 
luiiM) iloaa iwt apfwar in 'dradiiati Cuntu- 
hri|pram.' Soon n(W bid i«tuni bumu b« 
left Uio Iloiiit^ I'l join tbe army (mder Auver- 
uucnju*. Mirllmrou^b, wbo appoars lo hii\ii ! 
been on thu Imi temw wiih Allwmiirle, ' 
MniTt«Oiisty i-xpnoMd tdeaitUK at )m ivjntii- , 
iiig tbe ariny (ifivM. Dfep. it. 4117). Albo- i 
EDiJ)eWM[in#eat Mttli^foK'inpof thnFruDcli | 
liiiM at 'nrlruioiil. nt lUmilli'-A in 1700, Bod 
at OndGnardo in I70.-i. During the «i<^Irtt of 
IJalCj Maribonougbdoiachi.tlliiiii'n'iih tiiirtT | 
Minaarom to eorcr a eonvoy of guiu anil , 
anmunitiun wkicb the mumy wrre trying 
to int^rci^til. aaervioe lie KuccuMfiilK' accom- I 
]iUdi«d. lie ten nUAe ftovomor of ^oiirnuy ' 
in 17W, 1I» wn» pinploved at thf »i'ia>- of i 
Itoucbain, and commnndiKl nl tho tingo of 
Air«. In 1*13 hm coounaiKlcd and nn.i iiudp 

i>rwoii«r at (li« IiatlU or Ih-iwin, bul vn^ tv- 
•<aa«l, and rntcrlninud ihu I'riiiOB Einrfn..- 
ilurinK tb« winter Kawm in bin home at ili^ 
Itagud. On thedi-nlh uf Qum^ Aiiiiu, Alhi^- 
marie wa* anit lu llmiover by tbo Siaici" | 
ftvoenl to eon<7alulai>9 G«ot^ I on hit lu^ 
rwMiOB to tli« Ilhmb tbron*. ami af^cnritrdx 
rMvivnl tlui iMiw king and ibo l'rini.-u of; 
Walw |f iwiriin II> on tbo Ifutcli fninlivr. 
A RiMJution in favour of AlU'inurli-'ii i^Uiin 
to a HBat in tb« Uiitdi ajwmblv in 1715 is 

JB tfae Britjih Jliweum Addit.'MS. 1&8SG, 

WMi* 11.^ died 90 Mar i;i& 

^^isbo|> Rumet d«Mribe» btin •» ■ cfaocrfnl 
yomg tnan, who bad tbe aK to i>lca*n, but 

waa DO miieh token up with hit oirn plaa- 
fiurM (hat bn could acaro«lT stibmil In tbo 
rpairatnl^ (if n court. Tleflbareil in bUiLq 
rpcrnalioniiof William III, wbidbroiightbiEu 
umW tb^ tiihh of Swift ; bill bn wiu eaually 
citvi-QiiHt by<jiivou .Vnnp and OnoTfiv 1; and 
bit hond^ioini- pncwm and npriiliandi'ilniiMi, 
Ilia uUipnif ir'iupi.T and wiiininit mnnminij 
in murbed conlrutt with tliv rold nMunu of 
his riral l'i>rlluiid, n-nd^vd hitu a {,'«nvral 
fsTOnrile with the English pen^1<^. 

.\llieninrl^ innrn^, in I'ltl, (liwrtruiJ 
Johnnnn (juirina vna dor Dnvn, daughter 
of .\dnina vnn dnr Diiyii, lord of 8l. (Iravii- 
moiT. Riivirmor of llirntcn -op-Zoom, nnd niai- 
ItM of the bucklioundi to Witliam III. Ity 
her he had n son, Williani Anne [q. v,], who 
eiicce«ded lo tbtr tiit^, nad a daughter. 

[Van il*r An'* Tliot[, WordcDUivk dor Ncdor- 
Igiiilvii. ILuil^m, 1803. toI. x. mid Dutch anlho- 
riti» ihrrs giron : I'oatir'* Pniagi*. uiidrr * Al- 
iinmarle;' IkivU'aOfflrinl Itnnmaee: AtacnuUy'a 
lliirE. of Riittlniul. pnrtLrulKrly toI. t. i Marl- 
torouEh Dwpalflips, vols. ii-r. : (l«ariiinii Kra, 
ii. iVL CoUcciioDi of .\lb«miirle'B Uciors, kt., 
nrs natiotd !n II»l. M>^. Comm. Hcpt. ii. ll)&.p, 
iii. 1&3, viii. (i. ii.) x. (r.) 1»3.] H. M. C, 

Vfil.i 172.1 1 7Stl),«<lniinil, second jon of Wil- 
liam .VniiL- Keppel, wL'cond earl of AlliMnarlc) 
[q.v.],wiiBlj-irnou 111) April 172S. .Vftfrafsw 

J-o«r» Ul WMlaiiiiiter School, hr entertd tbe 
nilvy in I73u.(in bnunl lhaOAlunJ,in wliitrb 
hcBWvedfortwo venrsi'ii lli'/CfuiMlofllnuiea. 
He waa aft&rwnnis for t hrpi' yoJim in I bii Mfdi- 
terranean.nn binnl lhi> Gloiiri-itcr, carrying 
the broad prnnanl of ('ommodure CLnlon. 
On bin return to Knfitund in the summer of 
1710 be wm iippoinirj to tbi' Princu Frede- 
ricli, and in SepieinW was moved to ilw 
t'Mitiirion, under the eomniand of Commo- 
dore .\iu»ii >ee AssoM, Gimrob, Lord Xy- 
wit]. In her he#ieTT^ilnrin^iliaG«]ebraleil 
voyage round ihwrirUt, and IS BpooiaJly men- 
tionoil Ok havintr bi'i-n landf'd at tli» nicking 
iiii.l butnina of I'avta, 13 ,Vov. 1741, when.- 
I hi- prak iif hin cap ' wtu shuved oil* clone to 
hit Irtnpb-' by b tnuiihet bullet [orv ItRCtT, 
81B I'EiKCv], In March 1 'i'2 he whs promoted 
by the commodore to b«aclincUoutenant, in 
which rank he n-as confinm^ on tbo Cva- 
turinn'* arriial in Kngland nnil his posiinf; 
hi"'<i:aininalion,onL*5 July 1744. C>n4 Auf;. 
hr WON appointed to tbo Droadnought, on 
7 Nor. wan promoted to bo cuuiiuander of 
ibe Wulf sloop. Bnd im 11 Dec. wat pMt«d 
tothe(i^^^yhoulldfrigule. InFebninry 1744- 
l74o be wa^ appointed to tbe Sapphire of 40 
i;uii«, in which he cruised with wm* MicceM 
on the »puili coB«t of lr»l«nd. In XoTooib«r 
1745 he wu* moTcd to the .Maidtlono of 60 



gmia, sail in l>er wtu >g»in onploTnl in coa- 
tiKMOOi miifiinK in thn f^indiags msd in the 
Bay of ]<!u:iiYlill,oD tltpiiKiniineof:^' Juw 
174", hnvinn chiued wi cai-mv's jhip in-abom 
off Uclle loie, liu ran ugnrund. and t Iw MAiil- 
■tooe being a total irrvck, K^iptl aiid liis 
mm wete made prisoiww. After a few irwk» 
lie wa« peniu(t«d U> Ktiire to En^liuid r>n 
MTotci, and, on bdn;; exdiaa^, waa tr<«l 
by cOMn-mnrtial luitl liowMnbly aequitlo! 
00 R] Oct. Ilr iiad olrradv bc^ praoiiHKl 
tbo cotninand of anolbtir stiip ■tilt on tint 
al«elu, which w»i launched in October and 
«hiineited Uw Anaom. Ho wm now braully 
>|ipajnt«d to h«r, and on 3fi Nov. and follow- 
ing da^ aal aa a member of ibe ooim-niaKinl 
on Captain Pox of tite Emt, nntabk a* tin! 
fimt in wbich d«positioiiii taken bcfoirJiand 
wera diwllomd. 

till the vance of I'i^, and, bpiii),' lh«n made 
nKuiinliilii]i.KEiip«lwilhki3otBcer» ma tnui»> 
fern.'O lo ill- Ci'iiiiirion. reducod fram OOto 
SOpiiiiH.nnd in hprirn'uiiiloiitBaconunodoce 
to tb' Mitlifrmiic'iui.wiih n apocial mission 
tolriAi «ilh thedi-y of Altera, or, if nere»- 
•niT, to compel him to rMtnin the iu»olvii<.'<- 
of bie crviiaen. Tbe «tofy |ro«s ihol t1i» i)i>j' 
angrily sipr.'^i'd siirj.riee llint "ihp kingof 

would hnTe mnx, your deviliip a hR-tron'-' 
Thpn-upon the dcy thrrali-ned him wilb iu- 
ilnnl acnlh, bul Ki'pjii-'l. iioiiilinff to tlif 
•quiulron in th? buy. Buid rtivre were Eug- 
Utlinwn i-auufth th^rit to iiiiike him a glorious 
fiinenl pile. Tbo d«^ thpn con)<«nt<'d lo 
liwil; but it una n«t till Jnno 17r>l thattlie 

Sornts ai imuf could bo nmuiicodt anil in 
ulytbpC'unturiuD n.-tiinii-d lo England mid 
WHS paid olT. 

In thn Inttpr pnrl of lTri4 K>"pp<il was 
ordored to hoiat a hr<ind p-Timiiut «n bnnrd the 
Norwidi, and to lako commnnd of ihu iibip* 
on ihc! North Amn'ican xliilioii. lie arrived 
in Ilanipion Roada in Februitry l'!>6, .iiid 
dnrins tbo next few months cn-opntntcd 
with Gmural Bnuldock nnd tJie Horemomof 
tbe Mvenl colonic* in ibc moamiiea for the 
summor campaign. The amral of Bosoawen 
on tbia atation with aeveral itenior caplaint 
neoeaaarilj anperFeded him, nnd h<! r^nrnml 
lo Klngland with tbo inixlliH^nnn of Itmil- 
dock'i defent and diuitli. Ki^jpel wn« (lieu 
B]i|iuinterl lo ilip Swiftnure of lO jnins, «nil 
in June 17'rfiwnii movL-dlollioTorbnTof 71, 
ill which, in comniund of a *ranU »i)uu<lron, 
ho cTuiiwd oil' Cape Finiilerfi- during tbe 
uututnn, reluming to .Spitheud in Dec^mb^r. 


In Jsntinry be Mt a* a member at the ooan- 
martini oa AdminI John Btbb [Q' *-.• "uli 
finding that tbe n«ommi.-iiuat)aD to Oitnj 
was DO* liktly to receive attention, he vtinlj 
exerted hintaelf to pnwun- ibe interrealiea 
ofpaiUament. loSeplemli^^l'STtheToHa} 
irac one of ibe Hevl nnder Sir ICdward (•' 
wards Lord) Ilawhe Iq. r.j in Ibe eupwT 
to Itadjun IIoad*,an<r continued attach 
ilin grand fleet, under Ilnwkc ond Admo, 
till in Heptembvr ]7uS Kepjii-l wm appoinied 
to the ouromBnd of ■ aquadron of f\t\p> of 
war and tranaporla sent out to reduce tlu 
French eeltlenent of Goree. The »erTie» 
waa efflBct«d with little lorn on 39 Dec, and. 
having rwaforcdd tbo earrisoD of l-'ort Looi* 
on the Ronogal, Keppel mluraiKl to Knjiluii 
During the nnamHr and nutumn of 1759 the 
Torbaywaaafinin atlacbcd to tbe {trand fleet 
olFBnat under Il&wke, and on 30 Nor.wai 
tbe leading »bip in the hntlle of Quibem 
Baji and waachwely engaged with tbe l''rendi 
TliM*, wbieli ultimattJy Mitlc, ihougb 
wheth^ from tbe otTect at the Toubny'i Am 
or Kwomped through her lovrwr dock porti, 
Iiaa b(vn doubted. The Torbay benell took 
in a pvai deal of yralur timingli the le« porta, 
and for a abort time waa in danger of u aimiht 

)n Marvh 1761 Kcnpel waa moved ftoa 
tlip T'Xbny In ihp VnUnnt, nnd appoinltd 
to commnnd ihn H[iiaclrDn cn-oiH>niting with 
the troDpii Mini to reduce IMIe Ue, Tlui 
pqundroo, *upported by another oST IJtuI 
under Cnpltiiit Buckle, and u third under Sir 
Tbomaa ^laubopu utf liocbefort. complete)* 
coteredthemililaryop^ratiuuN.Hiidtbe island 
surrendered in June. Ki'|>]>el continued in 
command off Ilr^Fl nnd ll<>!le tak- 111) ibe 
following J naunry.xrh' 'II n rinlont gHl«for«ed 
him to Wr up for Tprbay. Most of hi* 
BhipHirere mucb diunnfieth the Valiant, in 
purtioular, wok mitkiuf* h ^Tent deal o( water, ' 
and had to go roiitxl to PoriBuiouih for' 
mpnin. Almofit at the Mime time uur vri 
declarvd with Spain, nnd Keppel uaf ap- I 
pointed OommodoTO and tecond in command,! 
under Sir George I'ocoek j[<i. \.\ of tli* ex-l 

Sedition againal Havana, hui)roihur,lTcorm'' 
^eppel.tocond enrl of Albemarle [a. T.I, bciiig 
tbo commaiidcr<in<chief of the lana fomc* 
employed. The llert unrivod oil" llavonn 00 
nfler a two monlhii' ncgv by soa and land, in 

iheplneemir/wudi^rcd oti 14 Aug. Tliepau»> 
money wnnRstimn led nt iipwnnUoflbree mil- 
lion* rturlinji, nf which nenrly 2r,,00"/. fell to 
Keppol'B«bnre. IIi*.voun|r>Tbrotlicr.ngiM)enkl 
officer serving on (Iwalnlf, probably tvceirad 
the »nme, while tbe elder brother received 1 




I fiv* liniM u tuucU. NutwiUuUiidioK 
J blow iuliicMd <Mi dw S^nitii narr *nu 
S|Mii>, ii WM kot unutoraUy Mid ihiit 
* the expeiiition wu BadwtaliDB imlcly to put 
noBey >nii> The Ki^pjirU' podcata.' ImmMl* 
aialy nAcr the tfAarxlaa at llatui* Piicock 
iMumpd to Koglaiid, lurins the ooromBnd 
<k the tcnuuaiiig 4iiM with Kepp«1, who on 
SI Oct. l'&2 tn» tAtauixA to be n«r-ail- 
numl of tbo blur, tlui promolion b«iiif, it i* 
•ftid, exteudud to u to indndo hu ntuno. 
At the PMCO llmTkiu wnn rwtorvd to the 
Speniara*. aBil Itxt troop* voni moI hoinei 
Init Kcpprl Tctaincd tlio eoaunaoil n' .lunftico 
till tbft Msinnhic ot 17&1, wbua Ll- vru n- 
UtrndhyHiiWdUvn Bumaby. luMaybe 
aftiled tin KnjiXaxid. 

Prom July ITOA till Noreiub«r ITRO lie 
WM otm of the lonU «oinniUuon<'r* of iKe 
•Jn>iraltjr,Midin ^wjii^mbfTrlTi'iCbniitcdhix 
fla^ OH boiud the ('Btliirinn rw^ht, (o oiiivfy 
tfae frincoM Caroline Matiiila lo Itottenlam, 
CD tha oceuion of bur unfurl unate nuuriagi! 
to tbu Idna of Uenmark. lie teem*, loo, to 
faaTpatUclW hiiiuelfcloM-lrtothe political 
paitjoribtJIaniiLtBof ttocitnghain aadUie 
Dnioof IticbnMiad,aad<titrtiig the jeenim* 
'iatel^foUoiriag tobnvoideDtifliNlhiniiicIf 
I die inlriiEUMi alul ncbi'inp* i>f which thejr 
t the oeiUm. (hi ^1 Oct. 1770 lie wae 
''pronoted to ibu nnk uf rjc^^dniiml, aud 
Wte MOauinatinl for the Diimcnalid ot tile Aiwt 
flttia|( o«u agaiiut Bftin : iIil- dispute wa^ 
however, arnii|t«],Hid Ki-ppi.-L did not hoisl 
hu llag. 

I>imiig the followiiigr<rean, in which party 
aBinoaily nged with sivat virulencv, Keppel 
WBS ehaaely aMOciMod with the oppotLcnla of 

«i govenunent, and (he rdatioiM bi:lwf«ii 
■ sad tho Eaf I of Hnndwieh, then fin! lord 
the admimlK'^ would wem lo have bt-eii 
tlie revcrae of niendly. BiiU, his utaoditig 
in the Minriee waa ao high tluit it woi iiu- 
poonble to MM him otw, and as early n« 
Kovenbcr 1m6, on ibo probability ■>( war 
with France, he wan aslcrd by the kind in 
noD to nndcrtakr tlin command of tbu 
hanncl 6cpI. Kc^pcl fell bound In ucci-p! 
but ht* ivpiwntf^ to bin niujvily (lie 
_. . tiiitT with which ibe ministry rv^nli^d 
liiiu, ite liodan tioeany fmlioKlbivt theolTer 
night be a uap of liis political eii«my. ' If 
Lara Sandwicb has bul o bad fleet lo *end 
mgUt,' wroto the Dnke of Itirbnioad to him, 
^Bia doinf him no Injiutin! In luppnin bi; 
^buld be gM to nut il uudcr tbu command 
He k maM wham ue don not lore, and yet 
H^OM Bane will jattify the ehoicp lo ibe 
■UtiOB. If wre inert nilh a tuisrunime, he 
bopea to get off. ... If blame n to )je bonie 
tw will eadMTMii by ei-er>- art he i« but too 

nmrhiuaitcrurituthrou'iluii yourabuuldi-rit.' 
ll u'BR, however, toore than a ymr bvfure 
Keppnl wiM called on (o aerve. On 20 Jan, 
111 S he was promoted lo be ndmiral of llie 
blue, nuci on 3i> March rnceived hi* com* 
miHion u otninniKtcr-in-chlof of tlic ^rnnd 
Ibiot. At I'orlwuoHtli cvprytliinR wnn iiill 
unprepared i and in iipilcofSniidwicb'sl»jnrit 
in tke HoujM of Lurdu, lt< Nov. 1777, ihul 
' there were thtrty-Bve 8hipH uf the liii»coin> 
plciely maimed aud fit for eos at a uioueiil'a 
waraiiig;,' Keppel found there were not mora 
than fix 'Hi to meet n (winiun'* vye.' The 
dockyard, too, waa depleted of Mnrrs, and it 
wB« only by tliu moet unRmiitioK ext-ni»n 
that bjr tlia begimiiiii; of June tvrruty abiiM 
could be ffot reedy. With ilie^e he Miiled 
fromSi.Ileletuon'l3Juuo,with instructions 
to i«^vcBt the I^Dch Beet in lln-st (Vi>m 
jiulting to sea, or the Toulon fl-'ir, from join- 
infr it- To eidier of theM> singly bn was lup- 
pou'd to ho miporior. Premmtly, liowovcr, 
on dirtuiniDKtlivi''rcni;hfilgateflLimnieana 
PalliL^ hi- oljlaiiied CL-rtain intulligence tliat 
ihell'^t.'t at Dri-vi coneUtedof Iblrty-twothipa 
of ibe lino rvady for nm, and acting on tne 
spirit of his inalmct ions, he fell back toSplt- 
liiad, 27 June, to wait for T>-inforceinfnIs. 
His inslTUctiona were kept slriRtly Micivt ; 
but to nnral men it was cimr tlint, under 
the circtmistiuici*, no otbi-r lino of conduct 
WM opua to bim, and Ibu iidmirntly tacitly 
edmitl€Nla« much liy eonlinuin|{lbBireirurtS 
to stjvngtiien llic lleet. Thi> f^vi!rnm»iit, 
howeve^,wadmucbenn^{<^dat iliTiimpiiintion 
nbich his return to Spitlieed catt <iii thr^m, 
and, as the Earl of Bristol sajd in the llmiM 
of Lords, S3 April 1771),*tnaleadof ap|ilau>o 
and icirtinionii-s of approbation (or biJ oon- 
dm-t, tbo tool" mid wribblcrs of power wet* 
employed in uvc^ty quarter of tue town lo 
whuper and write ilwut hi" exalted oharnotec, 
, . . The peiMioued vehicle of in&my, de- 
tractiofl.aod rlllany poured forlb lhedtciat«t 
of tlioir more infiunoos and profligate {knh 
l4:Clon and payinnnter, not only by asMrting 
tbHt .'Vdniinil Kpppd's return lo port wm 
In bnpM of ruining the ministry, but abio b^ 
D ccmiiunt abuiie on all those.- wbosu oxpen- 
ciK'e and wlio«u judcment in navnl luatlers 
juBlilieJ lh<^ admiral's cundurl.' 

On 9 July Keppel sf^lii put to sea with 
tweutjr-fouf ships of i.lje litve, a flnrl whleh 
was raiMd 10 thirty two days ktnr. On the 
Sth the French flootoftblriy-lwo sail, under 
Count d'Orvilliem, had nlna put to tea, oppa^ 
nintly on the report ibut tfw En);liab Beet 
coausted of only twenty sliipB. The weathw 
wan very tliiek ; bul on the iifternoon of the 
SSrdtlu-fo^ clearing discoven^dllietwofleeta 
to each other, dist&nt only some four or Are 




nilei. Both fomed line of battlr, and an en- 
gae^raent nppL-ared imminent; but u IVOr- 
viUHirBin«dei>ut tiienumbflrsoflhe ICngtish, 
lie uwd mora eautiouslj, and, Med br n 
elighl sliift of wind, wliili- KL-ppel wm Wine 
10 for the nielit, succeeded in panMog oaMU 
of ihpKagliiUi lino aui] obtaining lliewMllier- 
pi^, tliou^h in tlin mnncuuTre two i>f lu« 
ahipii wcri! tiarliulty (liimuFtnJ and oblisod 
to return t'lltrvBl. Acda.vbnak on tboStth 
th« fl««td ir^rv eiill in sielit of ««eU otliur; 
but Keppel 1>eitig now to k-ewanl wu aunblr 
hi brinf on the engasemt-nl vrtiich D'Urvil- 
lifim no lon^r cifforM. And tbiu in foggv, 
•gunllr, anftrttlnd vcatlm th« tUtt« coii- 
tmuud in ntvicni^n of iwch ochiT till tLn tarv- 
BOon of tlif L'TiIi. whfO a ludd™ «h,ift of 
wind enabled Kpjigel t« lie up for llii- Fn-ncb 
Uu«aii<l<oengag» it, as tlie tw(ifl(^« poaasd 
eacb othifT on oppwile tnck^s ' Our van,' 
wrato J«rvii>,who commnuili'd iho 1'oudrov- 
uit, rtnxt Mli-m of the \'ictorT, Krpjprl'* 
flo^kip, 'usned tho Fifocli lino wiibout 
iTVi^iiiiig Leaver dama^; but tLia tiring 
broiigbt tli» eaetuf down so much tliat most 
of their centre and rear paMod the givattvit 
part of our w-nlrp and rpor within iimikiil 
tihot. and th<^ wind LnTJiiK b<vn quilr nlxilcd 
bj the conriLMJon uf the air, a ivrY ahaip 
cannonndn comiiiiied on the oenire till near 
ogw o'clock, and on thn rear till forty miniltM 
•ftcT ODfl, whdn the liiiii^ o?fl»ed.' 

A« the two linfA divw clmr of each olhor 
DY)iTi]licn mmlu tlic »iirnn1 to wear in 
•uooewion. Tlic sima) wb* not obej^cd, a 
blunder which popular report attributed to 
ibtf eoworJii-e of tlti? Oiii- de Cbartres, who 
comnnuitliil Ihn ^nll. (Jti tlie side of tlio 
En^liih a pnri nf the van, uaAtt Sir Itobt^ 
HuUnd. Iiad lucked at oiicv, nnd wu stmidini; 
IOWKkU tV (■[i^iiivj the rwil of ii was loo 
much ditnbtcil, nnA droppiid to loeward. The 
ehip« of the cmtrv bIk> wore muoh di*ablcd, 
tbMo of tlia n*r pwliape elill more so : nnd 
tliotiah both Kqtpd in tlio Victory, and Sir 
Hugh Palltiw [). v.\ who connnkiulcd the 
rear, in tJivFormidnbwi, wore ae soon Mthcy 
werowdl dour of the onemya line, it wm ut 
once apparent thul the ftvvt oould not be gol 
toi^thur fur au iuinitidlnln renewal of ihs 
Aolion. and ibey wore back nimin. 

About three o'clock tht IV-ncli fleet liad 
got round, and wm alAndinji (o the Boulh, 
witli the apparent inlcotion of culling nfT 
firo abipa much diiabUd, which had fallen to 
leevard. K»]ii»l.e«rinztli» daii|ri'r.1in-itly 
fomod to mucb of hi* lino at he could, luid 
stood tovruda them, a nuneeuiTe which wn» 
afterwards dMcribed as flyinjr before the. 
FiOTch. The action waa not renewed, for I 
the I''nnich ban awsr to leew«id and formed 

their Ime, wsiting for the aitadt which wai 
not nude. It was iji vain that Kefipel ntsdr 
the signal for the line of battle, andi for tbipt 
i« windward to come Into the ndmtraTswaliK 
PaUiser did not obey. Thn Fox frigate wu 
sent with ■ distinct moMBse to E^Ui«-r thai 
the admiral wan nnlr waiting for him to i>^ 
new the ntlnck, but it waa non till aftto 
dork that I*&Uiwr and hiadirisionborvdoini. 
The next momiug. S8 -luly, the fledt WM ia 
lineof baltte.bul Uie I'pMiciiwsre noloqt** 
ihetw. They could oitly be «t«n from th« 
miulliend, hull down to tho eMtward. ll 
wu clearly nsolMS to fotUiw them, for Bnu 
VTBB under their lue and offered tht-iu a ready 
idiclter; while ia the unceTtain and squally 
weather it might be dangerous to take so 
iiisny crippled elups near a hosiile lee dicra. 
On ibeSmhthe French went intoBt>Ml,aiul 
Keppel, learing a few shingi to cruise for the 
proteetion of trade, drew Mck to Ilyrooutk, 
whettt he andiaTed on the 3]tt. 

The fleet was ordered to relit without de- 
lav. Keppel wasdeepl) hurl bv the cniidiKt 
of' I'ntlic-r on the ifTtli, but tlje emergency 
called for hnslc, and bn concrivrd that to 
inilituti' Bo iniiiiirj or to hold a court-mar- 
tial wuutd deairuv the poeaibility of unani- 
mous exertion. He thei«d6re expressed no 
disMlislaoltan, and evta wrote lu the adtts* 
rally in praiHe of ' tlie spiriHol coodnct ef 
ViciHiulniiral Sr Uagh I'alliser.' '1 do not 
conceive,' lie anid aflerwanU in his defence, 
'that acommamlor-in-rhief ii botind to die- 
close to allEuropc^in the midst of n critical 
nerriceL the real state of hia fleet, or his opi- 
nion of anyofhis officers.' Thvre van, how- 
ever, be no doubt that he ought to have ro- 
femid tile matter at onc« to the admiralty, 
and his hilurv to do so was mainlr, if not en- 
tirety, due to hi» dislnixt of Lord Sandwich. 

But the reel circiiiustances were knuwn to 
too many to ndniii of any posiilfiLity of con- 
cealiuont. Un L'.S Auc. the fleet put to sea, 
cnilsrti vainly off I iluiiit for a couple of 
roonUu, nndaiichorwl at Spithend on I'M tW., 
« hen Palliaer, iMiniiig that a full statement 
of the CAM had appoaml in a London paper, 
wrote to Keiipel,'rciiulring'himloooulraak( 
thy ' dcniidnlous n-port ; ' and an he rec«ive<I 
no r«]ily he called on liim toiiiuiton liis doii^ 
«o, An ongrj- i^unrrel was I he nuult ; other 
MlerBnppenri'diuiIiepapcr^t thesubject was 
raiiitioneil in tho lluusi? of Commous: and 
IWIisor applied foracoun-manialoiii Keppel 
on achargeof mineonduct and negUct of duty. 
IWIuer wa. one of tlie hnds «f i he BilmitaliT. 
end bi« colleiiKHw had no hrMminii in com- 
plyuia with 1.,. iw|„«rt. lILi ollidul letter 
was dated tt Ii^c. ,„„i ,i„. v„rv «me day tlia 
socFBlaiy of the admiralty noUfied tho deci- 




■fan of Um bokn) to K0|>p«). Tlui Miniliict 
of the ailminliy in thui otdcrioff the trial 
of tbp oomcDiindnr-iit-ehicf un ctiajgH ex- 
hibatwl W an infmnr, fire montlu tlia d>t«, 
and u»Aw circunwlwiW'' « tiicli wwg alpoiigly 
•BggcMtim of ■ potMul muiii-fi, called fond 
an cxfreatiua at flurame fram Keppel, nnd 
of diMjqiruial friim tlio HonM of Oommna* 
Uld lliu L-ouniry *I largw, A mi'mnrio] lo 
the sune rSi^ vmi nddnuMHl to rbo kiiu tijr 
Lord Hawktr and tnoot of tjio Mniov Mroi- 
raJ« : bnt no notice ww tftlcnn of it, and tbe 
coart mmiidUih] di 1*011101011111 aa order«d, 
OD 7 Jan. 177V; 1'ut itiv lint tin}' on boanl 
ihe Brilaaitia, siul artcrvarda, througti a 
pedod of Are w««<k>>, at tlie softrDor'a Iioum 
on tdiore, in NiMidi^rition of Knppol'ii infirm 
hMllli, aad in accotdancn with a *|w«ia] act 

. So «»a charKot with not manJiaUinR hU 
flaM, Itaini^ into the iglil in an unolBcvr- 
like mannrT, acnndaloaa hovtu in quitting it, 
ntBoiag awnv, and not piirening (be living 
tmemy—vadionv a <7a|»tal otTinici', pDlliM-r 
ia peNun was ibn j>m«nrnlor ; Sir Itobwrt 
Hubad, RdaiHtdmtral C^inpWll, tuoti of 
tlw captaiiu, aoma lionlcnaoi*, und ai-rrral 
Bwatt^r* wtp tbu witncMca. Of tlitwc, 
whntlirr rjillnl ior llie prcsMiulion or dt— 
fettev,thr titiauimiir wn» nmarhaUe. AViih 
aeuotlj nn PtrrptiMi thty veto VRtd tlial 
if tli« adniiral liad wniii'd 10 foraibia nMt in 
liw beoouU uol have broiij;)it ll)0<-n«>i»r(<> 
aotton at all : liut tli«' fii«iiiy vns very fnr 
AiONllMinginnp«rriKCline; Uiol nAnr juiMinK 
tlw ammj tlw admiml had tuwnl toward* 
th^matfooaniibncoiiy do hi wilbout lilock- 
(Bf[ Ibo i^Min-' nf tlir itiijw iiiii-ni ; (bat be 
I imad fii>ai t beta and bauW do vrii I be aignol 
ibr b*tlli'oolr«b«nii'n'a«eviiknt ibatmsny 

tbis ibi]w WFTv luoskalt^Tvil 10 n-ncvrlbo 
I1I at Mice; tbnt his Rtandtn^ lonantiilin 
__itli waa a jitdtL'iout nianiTaTn-.and nritbi-r 
WU, Bor bM ihv aplM'snuKv of b<'>iiir> " fl'R^t 
fVom tb« mnny ; ami ibnt any cbaw on ibc 
roomiag of tin* 'IXlU wiiuld cvn«i]i]y hare 
bern nnarailin;;, and vutild probably h»\* 
been dftoxerous. And altvr e\amiiiiiti; ami 
conaidehnfr an ennruMUi Imrly of (n-lmical 
eiidi-tiM, (bt^ roiirt. on 11 l'«bi.. prononnocd 
ibe t-liano; 1^ bi- ■ uiatidotis and ill-foiindcd:' 
ihai K>'j-]-') liad JH-bovod aa btcome 'a jndi- 
riou*, bn\<-. and ■■xprricncml oSc«r: and 
ilMrropan imaniuiiujjy and honournbly ac- 
ijuittcd bin. 

KmNj liMtmi- iLi- bi>ro of tb« liniir. It 
KVa booMtly bclitrvrd tlial b<> would have 
wuo a TiMory had not I'allitn pniTontrtl 
bint, Bii'l I'altiM-r* bMkwanlMM wa> ntiri- 
l*ut«d t'l ibi- mnliKn inflU'-nMof Lord ivuid- 
vicll- Kr^pcl'* ac<|uitlal wa* ibua nut only 

a triuinpli of mnocvnce on* v'tee and Iroiii), 
it was a trium])b of lbs Mpiilnr pnny over 
tbpuD)>opiilBrrQiniiiti7. Ilia admiralty catM 
viKtv torn doirn ; tbu window* of tb« olEdal 
midencMW^TeBinOBbHl; l'alliaeT'aboiiMi& 
t'nll Mall was gulled, and bia tKijff waa 
burnt. DnnflrM blaied in K«^w)'s liunoiir ; 
the rintrn drank Keppel's hi-allb; and the 
publicnn* {uiiiitrd Kcppel's head on iheit 

Uu the concluaiua of tbo court'martial 
Kifppel additiM«d a Intlar to tlH> king pal*- 
eonally. relaiing tbi' bcin of tbo conduct of 
tbo adounlty towanU bin, and imploring 
bia majmty'a pvnni^on not to go »mia to 
tea nador noB on whom, as be Sad l«uned 
by L-i|wncner, bo could nol dpf^ for •np- 
[lOrt. ' I nni ready," be im>tf, ' to quit my 
oomniand to-day, or to previvf' it as long 
aa may bo CDiivenieut for your majoatya 
amngMnwiu uud coututrnt wlib my own 
honour; but I iruai your uiaji-Biy will aee 
mr n>piiiitiinn rnniiol ronttniiu tain in liaada 
wlio linvn alrvjidy dono all Ihey could to 
ruin it.' The king would w«n to bavo 
handrd the teller over to tboadmintltjtWho 
wrote oil 1:; Mareh ciprcsaing tbrir dcail* 
loknowuiibvurtaiuiy whetberbeinlcndod 
I locnniinaoiubisunMentcomDiilud. K«ppel 
I n-pliiKl tbnt hv bad laid bia aituatiun and tlw 
I trvuiment bo bad rwcaind before tlie king; 
and nftrr a fiirtlior MicbauM of aorimouioua 
leiien \m wma ordered, Is March 1779, to 
Biriki; bia flag. 

lie liuit nalutully no further h^tico undar 

Lord ^Suiiilwieb. Uut he lind Iodk been a 

I oirniber of (he lloiue of Lummons, being 

' oleclcd for Wiiid^>r to the parbamenta of 

I ITAl, 176^1, and 1774, and for Siirrvr to lh« 

iiarliiunoni of 178(^and from bi' jdai-e in tli» 

lioum b» lo*t no opportunity of criticising 

the mixconduct of na*al al&lra. (>n tbe fall 

of Lord Norlb'n adminiatration, L*0 Mnrcb 

, 17S:F, and the fomution iif Itockinshani'ii, 

K«]Kiel was appointed lint lord of ilio ad- 

, luinilly, and on id April was raiiitd to tbo 

p«rra|r«n*Visoount KenpFlttiid IbintnBlden, 

, Aftrr llie dentil of Itochitigbitiii Ke|)pul waa 

Niiccei-dt'd at tha ndmimliy by Lonl Howe, 

but mumc'J oDitw on the forninlioi) of tb« 

cmlitiKu miniitry. l)n iladownfall, '.iO Deo. 

I7M, lie noj again auotwnleil by Hovrr, and 

retired allogvtharftom public life. Hid health, 

which bitd «ulli-rvd Mverrly ftoiu the climoio 

of Ilarana, had nev«ir b««n quite nvesto- 

blii>bpd, am) durlni; lii* Inter yvan wax rtty 

mucb brnkcii. In tlio nuliimnof I7i^.>lie was 

adviied nol to riik ibe winter in Knulnnd, 

and weui to Nap]e»,from wbicb he rvtum«d 

in the tpting of l7t*tl. Th* chao|{e.bcm-erer, 

elfecied no lasting good, and he ili«d a kivr 




■ontbaUt^r, onSOrt. Hi' had not auried, 
MoA the thin on bis death bc^amn rstinot. 

IliaportMit.UvlU-j^ 1 7 '>3, formerly 
lielongiii|[ to till.' toil of AlbL-uutrle.wasbouglil 
bjMr Af^icwiulbStJ. itis«iigmv«<lH8 the 
fronliipioctt to hid'LUe.' After the coiut- 
■DArtial It«ynolii« asain paiiil«d hia portTsit 
flvi) limea. ThrraM theae w«re prw«ntod to 
the lawvirrt wko hod MNM«d him in hin do- 
fyaeo — John Dunuiag TaAcnrBrd* Lord Anh- 
burlon). John Lev, una Thomo* (Bfterwacdt I 
Lord) Jvnkiiii.' ; ihii fourth wm pnwentiKl to 
Edmuod Durke; tlia fifth wu bought bjr | 
Aginew ill IWSS. DuaaioK^ cojr is now in 
the Natioual Portrait Oalleiy; Burke'e u in , 
the Natioiul Gallery ; L«c'a was l«ni to thti 
Cuelph E.^hibi[ion ( |i*91) by tho Hon. Wil- 
liam JlnMcy -^^nill^^n^illg. 

[Tbc Lifu ol lCep[j<.'l. by liis graudsepllnr. tli4 
iUr. Thoioiis Koppcl. ii ccmprehennve. niul on 
th« whola fair, thaugh with n natural biiw : ihe 
uemoire in Cliamock'K ]!i(i|!, Nav. r. 308. RAlfeV 
li»v, Itiog. i. Si, and Niii'. Cliivii. riL STT. mn- 
tatn littla or aoUibg ndditionul; officinL cQito- 
•pondcnca and othor docQiniiitt* nro in Iho Public 
UMonl OSteu: thvainntMof tliunxirt'UiiLrtiiiJ 
Mil thOKof (heouliHiqarnt r«iirl-mi>rlinluuPal- 
liHt bavo Iwih been tmUinhod. Tho dri;ani- 
•tanra* oftbci triiil. niiJ iU linnvful cffiKIa, gave 
rlaa to many |iaciipjili-t>, of whicli lbs UMt iu- 
DorlAnt in Cumiderntion* on llie I^nciploa of 
Knnl DiMijiline, l7BI.9ro. 8eonl*aWalpoIo'> 
I<NI«l«i «d. Cunninghnin. vii. SO ol tpq. ; Beat- 
•on'a Kar. and Mil. Momoin. ii. *M n txj.. Jr. 
411 at KM. ; CbDrAllsr'* liiMuriiio fnui* 
\al(e [lenuajil la Ourrm ilo rlti[lii»)n<laiiC(< nnij- 
riniina, lirro ii.] J. K. L. 

KBPPBL, I'HIiKliUlCK (l"-'*J-l"77). 
Iiiihopof Hxotvr, roiirthnonurWiUiDiu Anau 
KopjHil, KLTnii'l i-url uf Albfinnrtu [■). v.], vrua 
born on I'.i .Imi. I'lMD. Hu wai ndtmtied 
•t WrxliniiiKli-r 8i;1iniil In 17.13, nnd mnlri- 
«ulaliil ■) ('lirid (!liim'h.<)xr»n1,cin L'dJunn 
17J7,Krii<1<iitiin|i [ 17.12, M.A. in 1764, 
«ud U.I)., bv •li|ilmna, nu ISl Ui-I. 1701'. Hav- 
ing Ijuim orilikinrd in tlio Kiigliali cliurch, ho 
■Oon obtAbod Binpla prnfonuant. Hi- octi'd 
MoIin|ilnin in Dr<rmii^toQ0oriii>llnndIIl, 
and from ID Ajml liM tn 17ISJ rnjoffid n 
«inoriri' nt Wind»or. Hi" fiitlu<r-in-lnu. Sir 
Edward Walpolu, »ri>to to Piit in Aiigmit 
17l)l, aakinii wtiulln-r it irut ' iif^rrciilili) to 
him lo nuLNe .^Ir. Kciipol o bi>hop at thin 
junolum,' and nlilioiigli thia application wad 
UtiauuuKMfiil he wnjt conni^milpd binhop nf 
Kx«tor on 7 Nov. 17(W, whim it wan ni- 
moun-d thnt tho prcfrrmonl vu* hi»lovrtid 
iiuoii htm on account of thi' enplurr of 
lldviiriii liy hi* lirothRr; but Uomci.« Wnl- 

E[ik> (my* that tliH mitM was pronuted to 
im Ibu day hpfore Iho nnw* ciuoe. With 
ihle tee he buld in fommmilam th« nrcli' 

duaconry of Exotcr asd a nrabcndal ctoU m 
that cnthodral, and lu> aUo obulaaj tin 

EtomJM of trsiiatAtton to th« iDOr« Itiaatm 
tsht^ric of Saliebutj' on th« nest rttner. 
Ha rvfuaed the daasHry of ExL>ier is iiO, 
but r«Unqniab«d ihia promiae of tbs aeml 
Salisbat^ for tbo <l«anct7 of Wlndaor, whitk 
bocamo rar^ant firm, add to it he WM (^ 
pointi^d, with tbo n^patnmliip of the ate 
of ihi- Gnrti-r. in 1765, the genenl c omm wI 
beio^tliat 'nil thing* an erowdKl intotkiM 
or louf people'* poclceu.' Hu spant UifB 
euma of inoney In improifiiif; tlw upuoaja) 
palace at Exeter and tu relioring tlu* wiit 
of liie poorer e\agy in hia dioemc. Kuffi 
t^njojredgood Uviag, and bi« porrrait.a Iialf- 
length, in thn pilann at Kxolar aliow* him 
01 a jovial miin with homeljr ftatiii««. Pet 
wh«le lays that bi- i-unti-rrcd favoun in Um 
most bnoduane mauii«T. nnd it ia to liii creilit 
that JotiMhau Tuup the philologUt [q.v.] 
waa among tfaoee whom he ptonotud. Alim 
a lonttillDeas he died at thedtAiMffr, WLndad^ 
on sriVc. 1777 ,andwa« buried indt.Ooergi^ 
Chupr-I, Windsor. A pon-nortatn fxuimtr 
ticin nhowcvl that bo dind froto drnpay in tbt 
Blomuch. lio marrii!d, on 13 Si-|ii, 17i^ 
Laura, i-ldnt natural daughter of Sir Kd- 
WTird Walpole. who left liiw in 1781 Lacj 
House, lalewortli, and most of bis fbrtnae. 
The iMiio was l-Vedertck Ki^iwil of Lexban 
Hall, Norfolk, whu dii-d in \s30, ud three 

Kcppcl conlributod a set of Teraea lo hi* 
univ<'nit^'ii coll>M;tion of iioeina on the dtuh 
of the PnncR of Waino in l7M,nndpu1ili*Iied 
two sormun*. Iln wo* n whip, of sufficient 
1770 1 o racommeml a pcnci- with iJic AnH'ri<*fl 
coloiiie*, aud on hia deathbed be ■ thankid 
Ood that he bad notrireii one TOt« for elwd> 
iWug Amnrican blood. 

(WiLlpoli!*) Lirttin < Cunningham), lil, IM, 
IT. 3lt. 40. vli. IK, vii), 37% *M, *M-. Wal- 
l^lo'* JourDHl,i;;M3.ii. 27-6.176; C'huttaai 
C(irr««p. ii. 134-A; CorrMp. of Gooreo lU end 
Lord Kortb. ii. 01 : Admiml Krj-j-rV* ]J|i^ L 
4-J4. ii. 7: Cip.|>rine l>iip«n, iii. 91; Oliver^ 
Iti«hop* uf KxHcr, pp. 103, 37S: Oral. UagjH 
I7A8 p. 442. 17T8p.t3i Tcnni. Damn. AaMMin 
xvi. 130 ; Polwh«li?» Pbvoh, 1. ait : Qinbert 
I Lnunilitrh. jU, lii. p. 3SI : Auncirr'a Ivlewoitkti 
I p, 3^2 ; Vr'i'Irh'a .ilumni W*«linon. «1. PhiUl 
I murv, pp. 337. ^to. HI; Lc Snxv't FafU 
Poller* Alumiii Oxon.] W, P. 0. 

: KEPPEL, OEOIIOE. third EifcL 
Amimuaui.f, (1734-177^), grtienl, coloai 
'•itd draeooni (now huKinrs), was the e 
ton of VVIHium Anno, «ocoiideul[q. T.3,Mid 
his wift:, tbo I.ndv Anne Lennox. He waa 
bom 8 April 17:^4, nnd on 1 Fab. 1738 WM 

upointcd eangn in tb« l.'olOnimtm guurda. 
Se tnu profDOtfld to <aMun-lwiit<:iiuut ia 
Iks In rofal dimgouu && April ITU, WU 
tswuroTcd 10 iliH Coldu roam ruuJs 14 April 
1743, ftml bocatne c«p4aiii uTiil Iieu1«iunl- 
cokwal lliorma i7 M«v ITU. Alb^iu*rlo, 
<bcn Ijyrd Bmy, «->■ ihc fAi-ourite tkide-do- 
«uap of William, (liiku of CunWlnnd, vrith 
wbeoa he mui prcMUit at Fantnnor ■■■d •! 
Cnlloden. On Uie BiD«iiiiif( of Culloilcn 
ho bad • DHTTow ewiipi! from ifanth nt the 
land* of a Li^hlkDikr. who Lod fi>iuid liiB 
««j into (]i« uauip, and, mialohin^ ft miulrot 
ftvni • mMUt, fliwd at Bui^' poitit-blanli, 
Mi«riiig' luB frara his ftbovjiLnua tobetbe 
dakv. Ihuy bnwght tli« CmUodMi dacpatduM 
to London (W *•« from InTwraixo'), rruiT- 
in^frocD tbokitiftafriflof l,ono/. Ili-wuinko 
nuda aid^^•caInp In |1il> kinii.'atid a lord of 
the l)v<)ohaniber to the ItukAof CumbrrUutL 
lie was n-titrned aa niuubvr for Cliiclu»lor, 

tii<-h ciiy ha repreHntml iiniil lii« ramoral 
t)ii< ujiuT bouw. Oil 1 Nov. 1741) be was 
■ppouiiGii oolonrl of tl«' 20<li for,i. Wolfo, 
t£w> l>vuti'(uat-crt]oi)i.-l of I lie n'^iment, oaIU 
faun 'mic of th'w- divwT mnn who aro (eca 
in palace* and in tlte courts of men. . . . 
Hft duairM iu-\vT to tee his retnoont, and 
vrubM thai Bu officer wmild cTtrr l<«v(? it ' 
(WngiTT, chop, ix.) Bun'. bowi-Tpr, nftcr- 
wanla joini^ Ins rt'iriErn'ot ni In^frimti. and 
ai|{iMltMd himielf l^- very hi^!)-huad«d dral- 
iag with tbe aagitlratee, who invited him 
to an mtartuami'Di nit the Dake of Cam- 
b^rUnd'x liirthilny. He intii^t<Ml, und<-r jinin 
of m|ni<ali frvm the Kildia-n>, tbat th<i ban- 
qUAl should b» defitmxl till the anniremair 
of CulloileD((%.> Uv succeeded to the eoiU 
dou on the death of Iti* fnther in 17&1, atui 
tlwaaiBe jearwMtratislt-mHltotbeealoMlcf 
of the 3rd ilraffotm^. Ha became a major- 
eeneral iii 1706, nnd tieutcuaat-^enerai in 
iTCfl, ami a privv onuncillor nnd gOToraor 
of Jerary in 1701. 1]« tras a iDetnlxtr of 
the eottrt-mnrtial of Laid Oitnrgn Sncln'illu 
<afierwarUi Gi-nnaui) [<|-v.], aud was said 
to luve »h<iwn mach nniiniu af,'aiiiit the 
pcuoiMr in the crmt-exa mi nation of the wit- 
JMH& On fiUirdi 170:2 he waa Met with 
^^^Kof ten tbouMixl troope on board Ad- 
^^^Boeoeb'* flivt Id attack The Havana. 
*nw COIli]Uo«t Vins adiinrwd hj ihe caplnre 
of Moro Cwtle, ill tlio fae« of difficMillice 
auMKiMid lo he iBMnsountabtr, an 30 Julj 
I7US. Albrmwle'a ahare as commaiider-in- 
i^bief waa 1 19,000/. Ilin riniducl u« a coii- 

furmwat alleged tu Iw hnrvh niidexaulini;. 
lebaaiabedlbeViabopof Ha^'aiia to Florida 
for appotntin^ clei^ witlioui Lia approval, 
tuid M oxaded contribnlMBt from the mer- 
chftDta which the fcovcnimeitl at home dmiod 

iiis riffht lo l«Y- 1'^ ^*" conaequentlf 
(ibligM to nhmd tlwi monoy. lie reliirtied 
bomoinFelirtiaT7l7iI3. Ilewnsmrulca K.ll. 
in I>eoeinlMrl7tM,iiiid u K,(i. in Julv 1771. 
lu pulittca hia nem n-cre xtiy Ub«rnl. He 
dittiniruiahed. himwlf b_v his uppuulion to 
Ibe Itoynl Marria^ Act and tlie tvedDdiiig 
of the IvM India dividends, and in 17iO 
bj- plrdgin^ liim^^lf, wlih fony-eevra otber 
peer*, to oppwc any fiitunn infringement of 
popaiar rit[bt« at rliTliont. 

Albemarle mnrriud, in 1771, Annv (d. 
16:J4), dauRhtdr of Sir Jolui .Miller, hart., 
of Chiohteter, by wbom he hud an only KH^ 
WiUiauClMrlea,who succeeded him. iforaCA 
Walpote, who wae AlbMuarle'a iciimatft 
friend, apcaJia of hi* mairiaev as disappoint- 
ing ' bisbrotiipni and my nircc' Allx-maile 
died Is Oct. 1771', a^nd lH, nnd noji buried 
at QuiddtnhaiQ, Norfolk. Hii ollicinl car- 
rMpotident-e, t7H;-17<B5, is ia tlie Brit. Mus. 
Addil. MSS. 3i!:08-a307:f. 

IColliniT* IWraif. iai2 cd. vol. ill.; Doylftli 
OlllcinI VoToimRe; Kxlrr's PennGe, ntid<«'Al- 
bcmnrivi' Gearginn Em. ji. 73; Wricht'aljfb 
of W«>ir«, LondoD. l»6t, chnp, ix.; Campbell- 
Madiichhin'a Older lli>'k ot willinni, dua of 
C'umbcrlaad, I^odon. W6; Bntsas's Naral and 
UilitanHemoii*, London. I TOi. tola. ii. and iii.; 
GetriBtThcmuu, liich earl of Albaourto'* tiord 
!(ovkin|:liiiiit nnJ his Coateinnrario*. I/>ndiia, 
t».M. vol. i. ; Iloraoe Walpolo'a Lctt«ra, vol*. 
i-Yii j II. M. CL 

KEPPEL, OFX)ltOE TI1(>M.\S, aluh 
hUEi. op Aluejimili: (KyO-IaHl), aecood 
*ou of ^Villiam Charles, fourth earl, by hia 
first wife, the Hon. Elixabelh Soiitliw^, 
dangbler of l»Td de ClifTonl, and KrnndaOB 
of GooTgo Keppol, thin! earl of .Allmmnrlo' 
fq. V.}, wa« born 1.^ .lane 1799. lit* child- 
hood ~unH noKti'd with his efandmolhcr, the 
DowniTpr Lady IX- L'liffiJrd. who at tlio limu 
was govLTQuMi lo till- I'tincuMi Charlolie of 
Welea. The princcat, three yean) hia senioTf 
often 'tipped' him liberally, lie Idled at, 
West minslerScliool from the eg;e of nine until 
nearly nxteen. When Dr. iSt^, the bead- 
master, had pronounood him unfit for any 
learned profeMiion, an nncignc^woAobininca 
for him inthcold tliirdbnttaliott of I Jib fool 
(now W«t yorkubirv repmcnt). The bat- 
taliim, euniiislinK ehii-lly of raw recruits, was 
in Belgium, and youn^ Keppel, whose com- 
miwiou was dated 4 April 181I&, joined iC 
in time to be present with it at the naltU of 
Waterloo. Footaoie and ra^^gred, b<i mnrcbed 
with the victorious troop* to Pari*, lie m- 
tiimed home with Ihe battalion at the end 
at the year, and when it was diibandcd 
aerred with the tccond bnitalian of ihi- regi- 
ment in the Ionian Lilaiida. This batlaliioo 

■KOB ilUbiiuili-'il ni Chiclieetor in IBIS, wlii-n 
Kpp|H-l wusupjiiiiiilodlotheSSnd^CliiMiliire] 
fool, wlih wliiL'hlie wasinMauriliiu and nt 
tlie Ctw, reliirning home with tl>n ivpimi-nt 
in 1819. I"'or A limcT liir wiw rqinTrj" to llio 
Dukeof Suwuii. In IKSI hn wn« promoti-d In 
to (lip IJOtli. und ordi:n-d lo ItHliii. 'riiL-rt lit 
HirvcJ tiBaidi.-dL'-cainpIolhfL'ovt-riuii^Ctin.- 
rnl, till.' MurquiBuf lluBliiigK. but ujiliii llu^t- 
intpi's TMlf^iuiliuu ill l^^'<'t li<^ obtjiiii-.-i) l>.iuvi) 
to return li(iiut>ovefl8inI. Hclyiiiiiitnnwiimy 
clock or Pereian acquired diiriii^ <'"> l""^ 
uid weary pbH»K» out, ho vitnt«o tlin niim 
of Babylon nnd Uionourt of Tokocuti. ihriici; 
jmirnoying to ICiiglnnd bv way of IJiUiu, 
Anlrnk'nii, JIo»eow,niid St, rut«r«bur({, n rare 
lent in tlioio diivs. Hin imbllflhi-d nurmlive 
in nn iolLTcBlin),' voliimu. llt> ui-xl wn'od 
on nidi-dt-ciiiiip lo the iMiinjiii* Wellti»t"y 
wlli'u Iord-iipiil"tiHnt of Iiy'lmid ; oliiHintid 
n i'uiu)i[iny in tho G'JnA foot in l^^^i, nnil 
iift^'F "liidyinK nt ihf wnior dc^nnmrnt of 
ilip llnyn! Militiiri* l-'ollepn, Siindhuril. ob- 
mini-d II miijority on hnlf-jjay umiUttrhcd, 
^ Muirli lf*JT.' lie wbh not on foil puy 
uf^uin, but he roup step by t>^'^V> flnully 
ultui(\itig ihc bonomry ranls of full ^eniTiil 
(oubnlf-iiuy orhii>romit<rcommiiwion),71'Vb. 
1S74. In IS29 Lr pnid ii vitit to tlii^ kcki of 
wnr liptwwn tlio Ku»iunii nud Turl(«, wnji 
with ibe KnRliiih ll«ot in Tiirlcicb wiilcn, 
vitilnl (*on»Iui:liiiop1i! and Adrinnopio, iind 
croMUid Ibi! HiiUintiH. In lt<32 bi^ wds rc- 
tumod, in lb« whig initrwit, for Kuai Nor- 
lolk, in ihp first veformwl piirtiament , and 
sitl until IKhV In lt*li} he b(>c«n)e one of 
ilie privaiL-«tcr<rliirie« toLord Jolin ICuMetl, 
tlie new prpnii*T, nnd in 1S47 was nftiirned 
for I.ymini^on, for nbii'b bn ml until lr<JEi. 
tho ypjirof bi« fulbor'i dfiiib. On thndcntb 
of hu brorbi-r, Auj;iislus Fri'derick, ihi- fifth 
earl, IS tluri'b 18&1, he nui'cia-dvd to tlw 
(itl«. lie wuti a|i]Kitii<t'd a trustee of WcM- 
minst«r School in 1AQ4, in eucc-vfaion lo 
the (lirnt) Mnrqiiin of AnglMoy, «iid wns 
long lliu 'fnthpr of tho trurt.' Tow men 
Inivf bi-m lotiRtr known or mon; Bi-ncrnlly 

iiopuLir in London BOfiirlv. llurirlniiit^dbi* 
MIillti«« lo the •.■-nd of Iii?i lift-, dnrinn the 
UlUr part of wliirh be lield rec-'pliooB on 
vtuAi auiiiversarv of Witrerloo, nt In? diiiiiib- 
ler'H boupM in I'nrtinnn Suiiiire laee Ilmatt 
.Irrott; i'S l-'vl. ISlll, p. l'!"?*, nnd 13 Juu* 
leOl.p. 7il>). 

AllHimnrle dinil ut bit I.(indon mndmci' in 
PortJiun Hijuan.', 'J\ 1-Vb, hi" ninc-ly- 
HMund yenr, nnd wan burii^d nt Qiiiddenlinm, 
Norfolk. He murried in 1831 Suaun. third 
doushler of Sir Coutte Trailer, bnTt.,and bj 
Iwrliad a son, tli« prmenl ear1|l)MtkiiowDaa 

Viscount Ilur^-.mho in lt^70wMsuinn)0«>Mlt» 
ibpiipjwrbotitir-oniWtliefiitiiilYtitloDf I^ 
Ashford, nnd four dmif^hters., Iwo of whqia 

Jitvdttvusnd ihcir pHventj). Liuly AlbpnurU 
lii-d in 1KS5, 

Alk-uiarlu iftf. author of: 1. 'Perionil 
Narruiive of a Journey trom India lu Eng^ 
tnnd , . ..' London. ifejB, 2 vols. A tLird 
.tbf ion of this work appeared nt. ' Tmvelt in 
Hnbylonin, Media. AsayriD, and Scylbia,'ljoa- 
don, iHjr. i*. -NarraiiveofuJi 

Juumcv Bcn>* 

thi.' Hulhana . . . and a Vi»it to . . . newly 
disi-overcd Hubs in Awa Minor,' London, 
1830. A volumi) offjitmcT* fn.nn the nami- 
tivB, wilL uddml Lotleri, npppnred in Dulilin 
in IKII. :i 'Memoir* of llin Miirquia cf 
Hocking hum and \ua ConiumporariiNi, LoD- 
don, 1S6:?, 2 vol*. 4. "l-'ifly Yeum of my 
Life,* Ijjndon, 1870. A ibinl un<l ri-viieo 
fdilion npijejirpd in l^onJon, liS"7. Sonwof 
Albt-mnrle'ii apifochfu in llie House of hnrit, 
us on the MnrrinKe Bill in IS'ilSnnd on 'Tor- 
ture in tha Maitnit I'r<-*idfnrj- ' in the wiov 
year, wen- printed in pamphlet I'onu. 

[Daylu'it Ufllrial Borona^. rol. i, : Ful«r^ 
Pt'unij^; AlUmarle'* Fifly Ymra of my Lib 
(<bmri>rki>: Pittl. Uebitl«*«nd« 
dutca; Tiiuis. Februnry 1801, J H, M. C, 

Eakl ui .\i.iii:imu,i; (I70^17M), IloiUe- 
nunl-p^erul, iNi1oDRl('old*irenn) guaid»,«M 
of Ariiold Jouiit van Keppel, tirHteorl [q.r.], 
and 1i!i> wife Gi<i;nriii<l .hibanna (Jutrina rui 
der DLiyn, wuj born nt %\'hit(Jinll on R Jam 
.\nn<' bimg bia gmtuiotbw; win nlucaled in 
Holland : nnd on hia rotum lo l^gUnil <a« 
Vi«countBiiry)wii*appuinicd,S5Au},'. 1717, 
ciiptiiiu nnd liouTt'oanl-culoDei of lb« grcDfr- 
rlierc'impany of iho ('oldsireaui tritardit. In 
17IS bif BUPCi'cdcd lo hix falber'H titlo and 
evlutes. and in 17JL', at bit fiimilr *eat is 
Guelderlund, ciitcrlainod the llisbopof .Mon- 
8ii-r. In 17:;C 1i« wna mudi- K.H., in 1727 
aido-docanip to the kiii>.'; and on 22 Xdt. 
I7.S1 wan appointed lu the oolonelcy of ibe 
^jflh foot. l!hnn at. Gibraltar, wbii-bbe bold 
until 7 May, v.-bcn he was appoinud 
colonvl of tbn Third tr>.ii>p of )iOr«^^ard*, 
JIo was inadr goviTmor ol \'irginia in 1737, 
a bri^adier-ijenemi July 17311, major-gMio- 
lal tebruary 1741', uiiJ wan tmnnrcmd to 
ibp cotoneley of the I'oldstrcum enonU in 
Ociobcr 1741. lie went lo Flondera with 
Lord Sinir in 174ii,andwait agenenJ oa tli« 
BiiilVat IMiinfTon, where lie had a borw shot 
under Iiim, nnd nt Fonteiioy, wheTs h« WW 
wounded. lie rouinianded [he flm. line of 
CvmberlaiidB urtny nt CulhMbn, and woa 
again on the Atulf in t'londm, and jirctnnt 
at tiM battle of Vol. At the puacL- of 1748 


i'lmulor ulraorditinrT ami 

iLthnr In Psri*. anii w>8 

ii-chi«^in S'orili Hri- 

luiie K.O, Th.i yenr 

' ii.'Mam nrtlfi utalo mni ■ 

Et < iiid in n^'i wiuime oflbi* 

nil ju*iic^< itiiiiiie ilitr king'i aWiice in 
Hiuumr In I'ot hn wM Mnt back m 
'* ' ' I di'iukiul tlif Uhi-ralioD of some Dri- 
' ir-clji ilvUiTii^l bj l)i>.' Frcii^li ill Ame- 
• M >, ..ii-l Jti^l in ]'ari« ^uilihinly on ^ Doo. 
l'f>4. )Ii« ri'inaiii* mro btuii|tht over iui<] 
fcurimlin llidctuipi'l in Soulb Audl^StrMt, 

A?1"-!!i»r!.> HUrriml in 1723 IMv Aune 

of Ctiari.-!!, llrvt'JiikH «r 

I y brr Imil vlghl »aa» ami 

vieu ilauiilikrrth lit! Miu (!«i(ir^, tbo 

tUnl <arl. AiiKiuliu, Tiwonnt K^ppfl, tbu 

■D'l FreJorick, bii>bop of llsfter, 

tair nocicrd. 

In tall* Allmmarle 'ibu 
<in<} uyii iliat ibi- Driiiiih 
' ; ' i:]> fur liii bvitelll 
(; >dd8 tbnt. Allm- 

■liii.. -.... i'..,in-i.' ,* wbnn li« wM 

Biuri^d. ■nil bin wife bimiglii liim jr>,000/. 

fn'in- .11 irf ivliii'b, iiitU tho PHtTjiiitm of 

a) iidi'i»d,iiiiili<iiit Wt- 

iu < I ii ui for bit cbiliimi. 

It) tllFpUmatc. who vrvro many 

II. Ge.irjffUi'iinferTeilniKiuion 

mfl t^1AW> n year till Ilia wUI'ivr. Hi' coirr. 

FBfiiil III itt ITS;'.)! V. in Itril. MiiK. A>1J. 

lU- -.TTWttl. 

i'lwngr. 18l2oa. tli. 'i* H peq.; 
rn|t*. MUilpr 'AlbtmArlc; ' DovU'i 

Off .. ;; 

;:.,. .rug; ]ilaiilBao«*»Ori;iDsiKl'ilit- 
Uw • "oTiUi 

iblTMM OuHol), London. 163Z. 

C*n|<b*ll-lb«liutilan'>> OHm ileal of 

I. >!nka of ('vsberUnJ. L'i'hIui, IbTA; 

ti 101 OoTMc WnlnJ'd L*ltm, 


XBB. tSfc ilvi Ki;iiii.] 

vvnirrw i ,/ i.viii),of Ccm- 

r, wai th« 

I (.^T«rtuii, 

iijibran>r ami ni.t.-t<^r of 

■ IV.hy b<« wift- i.'hfiKinii, 

>4 Jiuiu-- ICiiiliarCanlof litiilivrfonL 

1 b'-tr I'j bia rrandfaibpraoSept. 

ttkaaoflawfuTagv. RborilyaAoP' 

I the il>-al h of hit fatlleT, wbo 
' loiuly bail Ihi'Ii sluin by 
"'liar Knt^Libtct'n, Kit M'IiI 
wi-.nlf, vh'> tt)U-t>y\ StatfiM'a 
bifviH'. nitiBty milfilH-v''-ttr l>>n)er8,ktUi^ 

~' 1 hrntiirlt' >•■■- ' "I Kt Krr wdI 

liiiliur„-li, Kan u<l lip in a 

jHMr.. ., ,- ..iixmn, bk. siii. 

i.) Al rltnUJim Km foiifht uiMlcr Lord 

defcaiitiK Ibe English (-Hngruanl,iiidp(T»e<liii 

i mvivh «f pillage. He wnsoiie of lho«e who 
■ieunt ibn Ulirr to tbti kin^ of Fnn««, ir> 

'. AUy l&lli, pMpiMiinK ihat ^otlnnd EbnuUI bf 
conipt«bpiid«l in ilic Irraimith KiiitUnd 
(Rtkbb, I'lrdera, xiii, SCWf,' In AiiRuat of 
Ihe aam^ yeur bv n-M appointed w&rdeii of 

' the tnidille marcbM lAlbuuy lo Dncrv, OnJ. 

I Slat' Pa/irrt.lUn. VIII, ^<>\. li. entry ~Wt). 

', DacTc oipniwod snrpriie nl ilii> iipiii>intinfTit 
of Kor, \ younj; man iriili>:>iil wikilom and 

' Mibitanne; but twti years oftiirwanln con- 
f«Bvd tlial be bad no fault l>i find with bim, 
■bul tbttt be ia toine forgitfvlt uiul nkim 
(ik. tnxlry SSOS). In Jnnuarv \^i-iO Kvt de- 
lealH.! a force of four biindivi] Mer«nmeii 
vIm, iinitnr ^ir .Inmfs iliniillon of Miinart, 
wcrchkfliiiinj; tfliiupi>att AndiV'K K«r[ii.T.] 
of Ferniubint in hi* nminipiioiiof Our power 
lobuldcotitts at JrdbiirBli.tUimc-laBfln ex- 
clnBlv^ri^iitbycbeBarlof Angns. Tbeftclion 
of Kit WB4 siibinit[«d lo tbe decision of 
arbaUrrti. The KimI dei'iii<)ii of ibe arbiiera, 
gi ven on 34 S>^I., was thflilCrr and bi« friend* 
alionld for iheir lir>'ilniri> inki; ibo KnrI of 
Arran'* "in-w aiu! nfuM pari,' and in (inr- 
ticnlar aboiild h(-nrrt<>'rih a»iiil bim ngain^t 
tbc Earl of Antiiu ami liii party (Haniiliun 
Maniucnpic, JIut. MS-S. Comm. Illb Kep. 
Ap]i. pc vi.pp.U£-S). On2^ Jnn. IM\ Ker 
w*» appnintnl one of n r»tiiini«ui>E) tut a 
lrf«lv witb KngUnd yFaitrra, xiii. TS-'il, 
wbicli wni lifcniMl nn iIi* :iOlh (>7', p. 73U). 
InSr|iti'wlM?rl"i2Ib»-4tid.S:otlt>f ituMU-ncli, 
'oo iipcouul of a variance wilb each otlier," 
WITB CallM befoiv thecuiiTioil and c->ininitlwi 
to priauo (fV>/. Stntf I'ltfitn. llrti. VIII, 
iv, tt.»I). In ISSli, be wilb b>r.i Horn., 
arcompaniod i)i? kiog lo Mnlmu nbeu bn 
wuQt lo bold jurticp PTtc in tli^ «>iilh<:ru 
■bims. Short Iv lifter tnin on Ii-n ye I Ui-T IrnnirJ 
tbal !*<ott of 'Burcl'Tiich with onf ihuiuuuid 
DKn was Bppruiurbiti); lo d-diTcT tbc king 
frmn tbc iKiwcrof AngiiK. Itftuniin^ imiiir- 
' diatrly, il>fy wicceedwl in tumiiif; Ibt- lide of 
batlle aeainht Duocleucbi but hor. while in 
purnuil of tlia few, wa* nlain, 'J.'A Jan., by n 
pponr burW at bim by onfi of liiirclonrh'i 
MVTkula. By bia wifo Ague*, daiijthl«r of 
Raboit, toDonil lord CridiCoo of Sani|uhar, ho 
b>d three •una: Sir WalterLq.vA 
nenilatur of Newbattlo [toe kntii. M ikk], 
and Andrew; and two 3niightpr»: Cathe- 
rine, married to Sir John K-Tof l-Vmithiml, 
and Marguvt,l0 Sir John Homo ofColding- 

{TTIalorita of Itadanan asd Laidi*: Itymw*) 
Fodemi Cnl. Stale hpatt, Hao. Vllt; IIitL 
USS. Oiaim. mil RflK Appt pt. ri.; Duuela*'* 
8oolti«b pMt*r (Wood), u. 44».] T. F. H. 

KER. ANllKKW (U71?-ir,4Ji). uf F«- 
nUIiiral, bonlvr chieftaiTi, wiis oldwl ton of 
ThomuH Ker, t'lfhtli Iftird of Knfaliniiph in 
Sir liolL-nCalvill of Ocliiltrtx'. TliQina» Kor 
built s liouaein |.lii'niid<IIi'Drih«fDm*tof Jed- 
wliicli titlrihUbmnchof theKfrfiiniilv wo* 
afbrwnriU kniiwti. Anilrew wiik iToVably 
Ijoninbuiit )'171,roriri>fiuJbimBp|>i>Hringiv« 
bftil fur men cbufp^d with iHirder robhnry in 
] JUS, nnJ hu can Jisnlly bnvc dnin" no bflfoiv- 
lieu-uHof full uii" I fni'MH"/-''"!"""""' Triah, 
vol. i. (.t, ii. pii. 17-1'*, i«). In UiNI liv siic- 
ceedcvl lii» fntlinr n» luiril of Kfrnicbiral, and 
in l.'iU inli^rit^l tbiimt'b bin mofbcr ibe ' 
bunny nf Oxenh urn nnd imil eonliriiiiiiioii of 
tba Inndi (if t'i!niicbir»t I'twin bin ffildftl 8ii- 
ptrior, Arfbibuld, [■Arl of Anjpit. Tn 1512 
BO»iil ut Kdinbiirgh oti nn nuiin fni>Ibntri«l 
of Bi'viMTil borilitn'r* nepiwd of llii-ft (I'fi. p. 
fl8), Tbw ilisliirbpd »tnti> of Scolluud ufli-r 
tlie cl<irMt (if I-lodilrn tlald iH.-i.-ins to biivr- 

uunrvd Klt with n ilt-Airi.- lo seeiirv f'lrbim- 
a^lik ttroDff iwsilioii on tlio 8(^iui>ili border. 
On D S«|i». IftlS. the nifrbl ntt-r rhi- bnttl.-. 
bt" bniki" into llip nhhfv of Ki'l«o, tln'n bnld 
tn (-oiiiHu-iirfnwi by Amlrr-w Stcwntt, binliop 
of rnilliUnM.Iii'Tii^'l'lK'impprior'iulordcKira, 
and t«t up in bi* nit-ad lii> UMtlK-r Tlioinaii, 
who •waiB lo Irnvt- mnintuint-d ibu ijoailiou 
lliti" fijrribly won, nnd on tbn dpulb nf lUa 
])iit1io]i of Cnilbni-M iu \Mi* bMiunt? nbbul of 
Ki-Uo (.Moiuus, Muinittic AnnaU i>f Tfn'ut- 
da/e. p. M ). In tliu *tnigKl<^ bi-twe«a Angus 
imd Arran wliii^b Drom Kllor l1ia niarringo of 
Qu<-L-n Miir^Tin-i witb Angiw [mp 1'oiiol.m, 
Aiii-'Kinti.K, <<ixih T-'twi. (ir A!(»inJ Kcr 
Jdini-d l.i^rd llnmn in bi^lpinjf \ngM», nnd 
wbrii Miircnri-l triidt rL-fuj(i.- in Kofilund in 
))('ci-inl)i!r Ifilfi Kit n-in fine uf lipr Moort 
fllURWBR, Calnvlar i(f Stiit' Piiptn, vol. ii. 
No. 1850). Hp wail nm>(.lcd in DdiiiburgTi 
witb IloRi^ in Oetobnr ISIU bv tho nrdi-m nf 
tlia piTtTiinr, iho DuUi! of Albany. Iliimn 
wo« bibi-o'li-d, bii' Krr wmtrivud lo ownpo 
(IhirJiV.iVJi.Wwf '/«™f;ai»rf.p.lfWI. .\fli-r 
MnrKnrcl't qusmil witb Anuu* tbo Barl of 
Arran wu iokU wnrdiin of itio maKhcivand 
Kw UviV idriinliwo nf ihn rnnflii-l bnlwepn 
tbii two to cImdi for bitnaolf llii' bniliwirknf 
Jidbunfli fiWMt (|7>. p. 171 ). l-or nocnn limn 
lui wiiB 0. f'urep of oi»'>rd'-r on ibo Imrdew, 
»nd iu 16il tlin I'^Ofrliib wnrdi-n. Lord Uacn-, 
Joined with Andn-w Ker of (VMfurd inconf 

?Ininiiig of bin liiwIpiisnyMi {Calmdnr, iii. 
171). lnS(fpti-inlMTl>>231jOTdUacnil»dbi« 
foren* iipiinrt Fismii-liint., "Ui* lord wbweof 
WW bill mortal unEiny,' and ndnr n rrnnluto 
dv&ncc onptiirvd it luid mndo Kr« prinonnr 
(BUIS, Original UUrrt, Ift wr. i. :flO-17). 

He Mon efcapeil, ■»<! in Nnrsmber om- 
maaded under tbe I>uke of Albany U th« 

unMii-cufsfiil ei«go of Wnrk (IIoLnnirji, 
Kv.llij'h Chr<mleU,'a.9\'\). Al tlm bwanLif 
of 11521 bi) wft« Twkoni-d ■■ oni- of ilic Airf 
HuppEirtom of thi- 1-Jnrl of lj-noi)x inbiiat- 
tMnpt to iforeTn .Scnllniid iCalrttdar, it. 13). 
But wbm Anttu* retumnl at tbc ^d<I of th« 
rrar nud was mitdu warden of the eaM ani 
iniddle miircbM Ker promised \m alliiriaam 
( PlTO^IRN, p. 1S7). A fi'iul Mon brol* OM 
between biDi nnd An^is and at tb* b*p&- 
ning nf Ifi^tl )ii> joiniil Arran, wbo wa* niiiuf 
foroi-s ngnimt Angn* {Calmdar, W. 1878). 
Ill- was aciMinod of tmason. but ibe piwna 
wn.i ul)undou<.-d. -\ftM tbm bi- made pMN 
wilb .Aiii*!!?, Dud midiTivd iiiui di^ul M-rvim 
in July Xb'iii, wIimi Scott of BuccLeucii madr 
anatieinpt loselie tbe jrouiif; liing,wbi)vu 
with An^fiiiat Melroae. K*t and ili4< Ilotnta 
bad departiid, but rclumrd in nnnwcr to a 
miinmonK, ffll upon ibi- Scotti in tliHr Saak. 
nnd n>Hl«l tlicm t I)kl'mmiim>. p. lt*1H. Tha 
death uf Andrew Kw ol'CoHfard in tbisen- 
L-ountpr was tb« b<-),'iDning of a fsud UrtiieM 
tbe Ken nnd Ibe St-'ilt* wbidi King ron- 
tiniied, iti npite of ali«miit4 itt |nciSr«iin«, 
oni* of which w-n» eigned by Ki-r in I53ft 
(W*iii!, Wm/. '/.l/p/niw. p. tj:li. After bit 
agrmtnont. with .\ngiis, Krr Mrltlcd down Ittk;' 
nioti! ordnrly lift-, and bmied biroaelf in (•• 
Kioring ord<-r, for wbi(-h lin wik pmiBnl by 
thy KuRUih wordt-n in Sniit.rtnlM-r 111'" (fi- 
hii'lar iv. Siai ). On thi? forfeiture of the 
Eurl of An^^iin hr rr'i-eived a uraot of Fenii^ 
birst from ihe crown aii H Sept. 16:38. Ha 
nnderlook ibe rul« of Tevtotdalei, and wu 
on* of tbreo commiMJononi ompowertd to 
mnkn an nirntinuint with Knglnnd, wbicli 

wn» riipii-d on -J Pec. ( IlYUiai. Fa-drrn, xiT. 

i;7''t). tn loTO .liinii-s V tnuk ilm manojTP- 
uient nftbu bordviM into bis own lianda and 
coniiuitled Kvr'i eldetil aon, John, to priwn. 
iln was *oon relcamd, and aeeiui^ lo bar* 
nctdd for hix fiither in inililai? underialclnn. 
In 15.13 it wa« rnmpiiled ibat iho Ker«, iut> 
Home*, nnd tb" Scott* roiild logothrr brinff 
into tlio Held live Ibousnnd men. \Vh«i, iu 
IMS, wnr brolta nut betwi-cn Scotland whI 
England. Ki<r found ii impoisible to wiih- 
•>|jind the Hiipifrior forces nr tbl ^ffliftb. Il» 
made piuicise* to belp thi^m, ana bis boo _ 
John Msistod tbem in liioir raidt upon bUfl 
nnifthboiirt (llAvyn, JturgMfy I'aprrt, pp, ■ 
43-51). In Opiober l-l+I Ivor madoncnvo- 
nant with Sir Itiilph ICurn to tsnyif Knjilnnd 
(St«U Pai'ert c/ Ilrnry Vlll, y. S»8), nnd 
in NovemVier wll» in reci'ipt of En^U^ pi^y 

iljniHic. llliutmtiimf, \. 79). In StpteniVr 
Q4Ii lio T>l(<ad«d hia aervioee aeainst tb» 
tbraatcned riLVnget of the Itarl of Hertford . 

ui<l iiui<)« subminkm to bim, tharvb)^ saving 
bb UimU. II« Jied moo nftrnruda. 

Ker iBam«) Janvt, neeand dftDshlnr of Sir 
huick nocn>- of I'alwoTtb, br wbom ho hni] 
tlirm ■finn »i>il nrii ilnrif^itrn HUumJolm 
WOeiid»d bin m lord of F«fiii«btnt, and 
had a nan Sir Tliomu Kor [a. v.] IIU 
dangbtor Isabel married Sit Walter Knof 
Oeufunt [q. T.] 

lAslbarilico In lot: I><Mi|dnj^» pMniir* of 
SnillMtd. si. Wwd. ii. 132; Jiifrvy'i llim.or 
Rosbiugbibiri). (. KI-6: ArniMranK'* tliit. of 

~ «■ PP- 2l3-fl0; SIuTijiiiii of IaIIiUu'ii 

eript* >t KcwbnUto AbU'X-] >!' <-'' 

DlrLN (irMM^CI). Irgal wfofrncr, «m of 
Jobn Brllcndnn Kor [i- v.j, W)i4 born about 
17Mx ll« WBJ utllnJ to the btr in l.iDcobi'M 
Ion in Trinitjr ((rrin |!414, ind obtained A 
tan!« pruttoc ax a c«nvrynn«i-r. AoliK ia 
: ''■'>« parltamcntarj Rfono Crum 1830 

', be iras a member of lbs biiunda^ 

^Hxxxv.), aail DootMied Norwich unmc- 
^BAJIj: ill tb» wbig inter«*l. lie «■» a 
^Bnlicr r^r I bn pablic rtcomla mmmiwiioo, otid 
UPltUS be woa Bppoini«d one of tho mynl 
eoouaiaaoaen to mpott upon the cxpedit^nc^ 
of diMBtins the crimrnal law a»d coiutolidal- 
itttf uo olber bmiichM of i!iu aiatutf law. 
VarltNiB bill* for tbn auandmimt of thu cri- 
MlBal law were foandad on tbo reporu of the 
eomnlMMn. In IMS, with JleosTa. Daves 
and ClirialHs K«r drvw for lyird-cbancedor 
I.yndhurM a rfion bill which, wlion piua^d 
jnin an Mi (A & 9 Virt, c. I06>, wag a mo«t 
valanhW umendEnpnt of the law «f real pro- 
pertr. In IS-Vt I»tH (Trnairnrth appointrd 
Ker bead of a lioaH nominntfd lo o>nfliJi-r 
tbeeouoliilationof ibnilitutr litw.audwIiT^i 
that board was Rplomd in tt^t W a Knil 
ootnauttioa, Ker bMamu th« chii^i worltm^* 
soanhtf <l-»jrd t'mnwortli'ti Sp>!»cbp4, Jn>t, 
JIby. ie&3 p. 4. lAT^ p. 142; .Vr. Krr* Firit 

CbouMa/ fiipfTf, p. 4S8 ; \h. 1 BU. vol. iev') 
Tlie action of thr board and (yimmiuiciti led 
tolbn KTiatdnlitioo of ihrKlatuti'i, the suo- 
etaaira Scatate Law Itcrision Kn\». thi< \ns\w 
ortbeokroao)ofrical(aUi.i<>f tlutaiotiitelaw, 
and to itiuCriuiinal Law Acttof 18(11. Ker 
«l*owVSiMl«d and iirep*r«d I be OMftal LnMoa 
and Sakd of Soltlnd Eualos Ad of 1 MM!, nml 
Lord Cnin won h'n net of 1*MQ, which werr 
finalljr Htponrdwl hv ibi^ ConvcraacinK and 
Sectled l^d Act*. iiu<dpll--<l i»' a great «• 
tent npoa Kw'a wovlc In I6&J the office <if 
Biafi«r in cbeawt^ was aboliahod, and that 
of OO&Ti'janfilBg: couMel to tlia court of 
rliinrarj waa inatitut«d. To llial poit Ker 

was tnoii efl'^rwitnl* anpoinI<<d, Foif fiolB» 
j«aT8 he WHS rrronlot cif Ao'loirrr. 

Ker WO!" nn nrdcnt adrnoatc nf popular 
uduoatiuD, and »f ibc dilfucian of litcnitutv 
and an. CliArk-s Kiii)-ht, in 'Pauogua af • 
XVorbing I.lfl^' ii. 120, ):,'l,«ayB that bewaa 
' tho most fprtib in i>ToJecis of anr member 
of the commit (■'e'viftbeSocielT (bribe Kf- 
ftuion of Cii>''fiil Knowli>dg«> and «ii^^K>4led 
raaii^ publiihintr ■t^hcnui* npiirt from tbo 
•oci^iy. Two of ErHtkke'* uieut bcnutifiil 
worki w«re piiinl^ for Ker. Ik- wni liintwlf 
a coulributor of woodcuts a« wpU aa tivca of 
Wivit and Michael An^lo to the 'Punnr 
Ma^inn.' He wa« on original meuiWr of 
■he .\niiidnl SociMv, wt« much inc^m^Ii'd in 
thnfnuadittionnf iicnooUofdi-ugnfnndbcliM)^ 
to promote thi- citablishmeiit of tho Denart- 
mentuf Sdenwand Art. ilvwoji onuortho 
GntpriTAtc prowurs of orchidi, and he wroio 
aaeniMof articlMundf^ i}iu pieudoniriii' [)od- 
man'in ibe'GnidenerB'Chreniclc' Ho was 
in early lifea follow of th« Royal Socici v, bitt 
iwi^ml hill fiillowthin when ia \^^ the 
l)iiki> nf KiLuc.x wo* caosni piDnidniil. In 
lS60hnrtj|ifi>dfnimprarlio-,and livodfluiiiw 
iUp nut of his life ni Cnnnei, where he died 
2 Nov. 1871. Cluirlos Knii-Iil optiiks warmly 
of hiii cliBrm in all Mt-'inl nrlatlon". Il>» 
married Elixnbelh AniiF.daughteruf Edward 
Clarke, a (i^liritor, hut )iad no iMoe. 

[.\uth<jrlUf« (WfA nlrcini: pwMaal knov- 
Inlea; iofbrmitlioii from Mr. U. I. Kortswae 
BricWalo.] J. S. V. 

KER. JAMES rXSES-, fifth DrKB op 
Itnxiiriwiii (17:W-I>*-.'3l. l)om at Toqm 
llou"-, I'*l^>tn4iir>-, in 17^, waAMCondvonof 
Sir Itarv tniiM, fil^h linronci and twontf- 
■-i)thth Ininl of Innu, br bin wif« Ann, 
dnushler of Sir Jamen Orant of Omnt, and a 
uLitpf of Jiivn, Rrrt timnteKi I'lfe. Ilu-inir 
the insuTTrc'lion of 17Iu-'i Hlpiubin' was 
hi-td hv the JncubiltM, and to vocape billing 
iTii-.-- ihtir hands younK IniiM was aent ocrmb 
llie Morar Eittli to Ihinrobin Cattle. ITe 
was captain of tbe 88tli regiment of foot in 
IT-II), andof thoSttthivgiment inI779. On 
the dnoth of lii> fnthnr ia 17(12 hp, a» thn 
cldeit jiirviring ton. vnw nvrved hrir to tho 
Imroneti-y 7 l-'eb. I7<H. lliR family claimed 
lo have ll•^ld Iniies rIdcc 1 ICO, and al one tlmu 
waseeavd the whole lurritury brtweeu th« 
Spey and xSvt Louiv, brides MtatM in ItAnfl*- 
shiro; but for a cmtunr ihi<ir fnrtunn* hod 
been nbhiiig, nnd in I7tli Inne» wa< ohliind 
to »nl1 bi» ancient hnrony of Innm to hif lint 
counn, thp a»conH ICnrl VSXc. On 19 Anri) 
1769 ho married hi» fimt wife, Marr, plJn»t 
daujihtei of Sir .lolin Wmy. bort., of Olcnt- 
woTth. Lincolnshire, hy France), daughter of 
FairfaxXorcliU'eof Langton.Yorksliirc. Hia 

vifb titlierited tU« L&ugun MlBt« aoon ftft«r- 
wftrda, and InnM thereupon aisiimed by iiiynt 
license tlie tulditionitl suniame of Norclill'o; 
but on lus Viih'a denth without iMitr, on 
SO Jul/ 1W7, thft l.anaflon Mata ncDt to 
ImF nephew, and Inncs oropped the name of 
, ICorcwV- Hiaht da,v» later ho murriiMl liiii 
1 wife, llarrict, daughtw of Ik-ujumiii 
Flte had on ddIv suii, Jaint^s Henry. 
' HeanwhilH Williaiu Ker, fuurrh duke of 
li^ibur^h, liuil <livd on S3 Ocr, iHK.nirli- 
out sunii in^ imii*. Innos'spnnt-jtrnndfiilher. 
SirJaine» liin'^!i, ihin] linruni't, liitil inarricKl 
in IC06 MnrgnTBt liet, ofaaMnughXnr by a 
kMOond nuuTingo of Sir lliihrtt Kcr. tir^t i-htI 
KofRoxtra^hrq.T.J On theRroiindofiliiflditi- 
tiint relationaliip Iniicti.whu iiowvutled liiiu- 
aclfIniic*-Kvr,alaimi.-d to succeed to thedukc^ 
dom and ita Miat<.'4. Ills riri'ieiisions were 
ditputnl by Lady V,^>'\ Kt, by Mnjnr-^rnwriil 
Walter Ker of l-iittrilcjiii,Uoxburii!whirp,nnd 
l)vJn!inl(i>llcnili>iilver|i).v.], in whosi! fiivour 
till' Wt ilii 1(1- limlc'nliiirudtbfpri)jM.Tty. l.urd- 
c1jiiiil'<.-1I<>i' Klil'.iti liiuk lliree (fayi (\a, i It, and 

I'l.iJiiii.' l-o^Mi'j^tuip iu the IluusL'of Lords 

ilii- ^!i" i-"ii whidi ]>•• pfeferr*il SirJnnie* 

Imi(i- t<-. ill.' iiilii-rflnimnnli^ Thelilisniioii 
rnnliiiuotl lill 1) Alny lKl2,whnn ihn lloiite 
of l.iiriU finnlly (rnvntdd llm till" to Inncn* 
Km, and in the fjllowiuu v^nr the d«ed« by 
which thn fiiiirlh duko hnd nttomptod to bo- 
il iiti 111 Ik lion dun Kcr the (tf^itL-r port of 

til' |i!'i pirty wpri- ni't uside. Thi- diiki! dii'd, 

j*«i'c! >r). lit Flciom. npiir KtUo, uii ['J July 

l''^;), und wut buried in (lie Inmilv ruull. ut 

BowUen, Hin widrtw nj-uinrrieJ Co I on el 

Waller Frwlfpick O'Reilly. CI),, ofth.. -tUt 
Feeimcot of fiot (J. IfM-l), and diml Hi ,Inii. 
]><iO. His only ROD, JaniiM Henry (l)*ltS- 
1871)), kiicci^hIciI n* Mivvnth duke. 

[Tile Familia nt Innm.nlitTd for llif Spnliling 

Club by C(i«no lan»; Dou(iln*'> IVrruge; !!«■ 

porU of Cn*ei doeidnl in ilin Hint* of LorJa 

npon Apptal inm Scodnml, rul. v.] J. C, 

KEB, JOHN" ll«-3-ir2tt), of KewUnd, 

lArrahinN pivernnicnt npy, «ldrat Mm of 

nnder (.'rnnltird of Ferf^uahill, decoiid 

[■om of John I 'rnn'funl, seventeenth laird of 


Mnxweli cif Siiuihljum, wji» born, nppnrdiiig 

.to tlie prufaiM; to bin ' Mninoiiv,' in the family 

I'liouK uf Oruwlurdlnnd on fi Aug. 1R73. In 

3693 Ue mnrriud Anna, ibo yonnffer of Iwri 

<laii){hten of lliu deCL'tUL-d Itoliert KfT uf 

Kersland. On tbodeathoftLMronlybruthi^r, 

lHiJot llmiiel Ker of tlie Cainetuniniia, ut the 

rtmttlo of !^t..mkirk in inW, the eoint.' hai! 

1)ccn nettled on the eldnr DiKer Joan, mnrricd 

to Major Willinin Ilorthwick of Johncton- 

bum, but in 1697 alio igid it to Iwr sister's 

hiubondtwlio thereupon BMiuned Itw lilb 
andarrasofKecof Koraluid. Betwoun lim 
and 1704 Ker became bo orerio*iM wiU 
dnblK that he found It nMwamry to gnat 
irrcdocmnbUi feu chuten to •iindry moiU 
mgf* to tho «xtont of half th» propmy. 
Hi* impecunioiity wmn probably tb* mum 
of hit HliameluM abiue of bin poottion oi tbt 
fifCOj,TiiBed loader of the CaueroniatiL Tb* 
support of ihit tect being cLiimod both by 
the p>v(>rtiment and the JHCohii«s, he«ei hii 
wiiH lo discover how beiit be could pny upon 
both purtie*, or, failing thin, which party h* 
could proy upon to matt odvnntAgo, l/otkr 
hart KtAtes that he tried to ^ain crodit with 
the Jucobilm by oiipoiiii^ the union ( Ihipffi, 
i. ■^i). Ker'« reraion is Ibut the Jociihitn 
eooci^uled llii-ir own iuli^tir>nB in farour of 
ronians to a ri&iii^ Againxi the union bv ai^ 
oients aiiilod to tlie priniripli^) of lie Ht( 
{Memoir*, 1736, j>l. i. p. i!fi). Ilu moreowr 
nffirma tbflt Agfunit hii own conriclion b* 
was so bo^iled by ' the rhetorical ' <a gloM 
for pecuninry) "artnimenis'of ibo Dalw of 
tju(?i-uaberry, llial bo cajuted iho Camen>- 
nians into peace Ub. pp. 9i!l-4), He profeuei 
dueply to refnvt his action in favour of the 
union (A. p. 37). Attli<'mU)i>liinnh>- naively 
confetses that hi» main motive was an m- 
•nrauoe of the qiinon'* favour from the duke. 
Irainediati>ly nAer tlio union hn laya that 
ho Wa« Hllnded by <oni« Jneobitn neenli lu 
In hi* ' tvmii.' FeijrninB to takL- the liail, hi- 
endeavonivd to jrnin iheir confideiicL- in orfer 
iiibotruy tliL-m. Tlnii bewu simply ujjovem- 
im-nl spvuiiiy bt- held approved, if we nepi-pt 
a" p^nuuie the royid license of 7 July 1707 
(prinl'Hl a« a fryntiapiece to bis Mriimir'), 
perniitiing him to nnsociato with dinnfTected 
perdoiin. lie bnnhli that he had npiei and 
a^nlB ill nil purl* of the country. I.oek- 
hart Hllirrai ' Ker was known to lie a 
ponton higldy immoral and s"'l'y "f mtmoI 
bafiv nclionn, suL'ti im for^iTy and the like, no 
penon of iht* leHnl nolr would bati:< the leaHt 
inlorcourai? with him" I Piifri, i.W'2). Thi* 
is partly confirrnM by ilie Hooko 'Corr#- 
uponileiice.'no in also the tiatement that ' hit 
chief comwpondoiicp wan with the DucheM 
of Oordou nod some ciitholip prienlii.' lln 
figiiMii in the ' ('iirrcspondence' tmUor tlia 
nnmetof ThomoHTruaiie, Wilks, Wicka, and 
I he * Cumt^roniaii lot^alroL-ntn'r.' On VO April 
17Ui Mr. .Stmcban, n calliollc gpnlleinau, 
treated wilh hint an r(ipre*enting the Caino- 
miiiiins of five uliirmi. Ivor in their nuns 
otToiwl tbirlenn thousand men for the king'a 
wrvice, and roliinteertid lagn to Franc* ftnd 
n-main tbero o» a hoflloso ftir tbn fidelity of 
hitpiirty(HooKE,p,SOD), StraobanobognTO 





tliai ' Mr. Wicks U iiiraod • knnvu' 

(A. p, bl7j. liw ptolMbilitY i.'< (hut bL-fmv 

' ~ I unu'bcnr wa* ducin-enil hv had wurmiit 

f into Kitne Jncoliitv <M.>crvtii| ruiil Uir^xv 

nil In Mipponc llul lu? hvliwl to fru»- 

mla • villi t*) HTiKi F.iliDbui%'Ii Cnxlln in 

J707. In the lnir<^r end of Mtrcli 1700 lu> 

"Canui to I^mloii, ami »ccnrilin^ lo hi* oirii 

I.MPouBt ill" InnI tr>«»trirr upon liiauriTkl 

(wid -'I 'ii" I'l himself, but wouW I 

dor iiiltL-rortlicOaomroiiuiJi 

krT*-i^ - . ji, <ju), [»ekhart. Low- I 

rriT, pnnl* n miii^ of ■ k'Ui^r of Ki;r lo ill" 
■ I! .^Ii;ir;^.*i. dflinl 4 May (Paprr; , 
-1)1, inK lo bn n>paid ibit <ix- 

I !■<• 1 1 4 in ' BiDniiKinjc of ( liFM- j 

nplv,' I'liia Irttcr, aeootdiuiT lo Lochbnrt, ! 
t:WM iliuK n to certain .luobitm bj n Iwiit. 
■uulmw i)f Kpr'i, wlio Hlkived tbiriu to uuIm I 
.1 torn. Lockhart «lM«a ihtt \\ft obtftioed | 
in all {rata llw tf''V"ninwnl akxit SOO'. or 
eOlV., Aiid flndiiiir (bit no'lolpfain 'wnuld 
pT« no mOTK,' hir ■ Uckrd about lo the whif[» ' 
'jUuX tiMrin,' and. nn ib<^ pramiM to ^ivp evi- I 
trf UudolpliiitA ixiDBMtliaii with th« ' 
iXm, abtauurd at ImM two tliounnnd 
> frran lb« iMihn of both pvtiM an* 
EHtiMm In 'Mi>? naotliMr (ib. p. 908). 
' il'ISKcrwaa.acoardiiwtobUowntpiti* 
■y, iwfil on ■ priralv uunnn to tbe i-n> 
tof Aii'*-Tii i"! f oonoetion Willi a neliMii^ 
.:ii.-iT!i to baniMtW Iradn 
r> {Mrmoirt, p. 75). On 
bUarrivul III \ I'liiia in JanDarjl71-t~14,lir< 
told bin ■itiirv'lo Ij-jboiti, wbo prirali-ly 
witli tlii> fmppror an interview 
K*f and ilifi ■Tupwor'* acerctiirr. 
°At WtttlinM hflinif unCivinumbljr r»c«iv<.><l, 
K*r tbrnniuH ' drops' il, to ' infonn (>p»- 
' Ibat 1 •tnplotn^l my «{iare hour* nt 
. in trmliDi.' lo i[ii> l'Ji>rinM Sophin 
liglit 1 got.' tor Ui« iU*«acc<iMi of 
'Uf BtMoB lia WM eowMlod bj > prcoMil of 
* iW WRWrar'ii plctaw ill ifold Mt rmind witli 
di>aionJ*'(i'A. p. S7|, lUarriTi-dinlluiovur 
in JhIj 1714. and thill, accordiii); loblsowii 
■emwit, ¥Pi« lueful ill •Muring tlM> lUno* 
iwan ntevtfAtm ({h p. ti^i. bwidM girinft 
good advifi* I" I'^r a« to ihn iiMrlbml 

3(ntl>B|r ib« ) ■ ion. iln atki-d iIir 

Liiidnit ai a rowunl, 
■ waibe- 
iir ]irore«M(aUotohnve 
KivHo iiDp>:rtjini infornullon ■gtinat tba it.- 
,^:(,_ ... i"!*, 1... .... -i-^-^'f^ wu takvn of 

bn I :iiiap|Miinl«d'i>f 

kllLi. ,- . ..: lh« KbulUod,* 

h» WMbarkud for tlulliuidi but nlununl to 

London, wlmrc Ij<tibnit( lold him ikAt his 

frn«Riiea would b#' very necesMtry.' in Muwb 
716 I*, p. 110). Hi* oflTiint of mrvica wora 
decliim), And be only moaivcd 'n hiiiidr«d 
doUan from tlw king.' llg now offenul his 
•ervicM to tlie Bait India Oomptmy, In arrnag* 
matters bMwe«n tb«m unil tltt* cmpRror of 
Aiuiria: but diMppi>iiitnl bi^n.- aluo, bu in 
1721 dirootcdhi'cnorM'iu form usL'bumi.'nn'l 
cbitrliTr fiir ciwiing n iH'w eumpiiiiy <>t tvioi- 
raoroa in ibit Aunlrino N><th>trlaii<l«,' The 
nJ&ilcnnMtunutbinir.iDdbnniyifort hill-lack 
cinitiiitiKd lo do^ bii footnicpn till bin (l"nth, 
wbioh t'.iok pliiciMTi llii- Kinjf A Itifodidobtom 
prlwii nnSIJillv ITl'ti, He waa Ijuritnl in Ht. 
Uivirgo's Hiiircliynril, Snuthwark. On lila nj- 
t urn from abroail in 17IMhnv>Id tli>>«Atutt>of 
l-V-rsoihill Ici Jolin Aigill '(|. v.] and lioliiTl 
Hni-kclt for 3.WWf., and In 1721 Hapk.'lt 
omvi-jied hia moi^v of tbr riilatc to .\it;IU, 
which nioivty Asgill afti-Twnrdi iii«r'friiH'<'d 
to Ker for '^.600/., ' whicli rviuaiatd ul Ilia 
doatli' (A. pT. iii. pp. 6-VI). l>niinK his 
nh*mcc on the contiupiit hi* wifi^ had been 
obligi^d to impropriate tho platband fiiruituni 
of Kunbuid to Uif«« friend* <vbo tiuiU'rtook 
U> siippoit li«r. Alt«T Kcr'« dnatb *he Irind 
(» lava fhii eatat« from eroditort bv pro* 
diuing a forged deed in th« name of licr I'ldur 
»i»t«T J«an. nilimatdv tbe prupMty, wiili 
th" mii>rriorily of tlie Barony, wns Bold in 
1738. KcT le« UiTW danKhlera ; KlixnUetli, 
maTni>d to John Oiunpbcll of ]ClUnj:i«^, Ar- 
fiylliihin!. and Anna and Jean, of wliom 
nothing fitrthet in hnonu. 

The ' Memoirs of John Kar of Kenlnud, 
part i.,pitbliiili(<d b^himself,' appeared ill IT JU, 
and finrli ii.and iii.ntiKiiiitbeaanieyear. The 
publinlwr of all tbr thno part* whs l^dmund 
Cuill [q. v.] tWt ii. wni pabjitbml bv Ker'a 
'eiiinns dirtiction.* and ibouK'i l'"^ "■' ''"** 
puhliHked poHtbucnoiinly. it clniniFi) lo bo 
'faithfully pirinl«d from thu oriftiiial manti- 
vnW. of tli« aaid Jobn Ker, Em.; and olbnr 
and alio tji hi> 'pnipDrodfarlbi-prxuiiiiderbis 
I'Xpnvwdireotion.' Port iii. rnnlaimil'MnxiiUH 
of Trade,' and tberv wasalaa addrO bv Ciirll 
llicindictaiMii for publi^inff pari i. tor pub- 
liabing tbe * Moinoirs,' which containi^d pro- 
fenied i«v«laliun*r«Aeclinf; on thi- gowm- 
mimt.and (brotlucraiioiUrolTeacM.Curll wm 
(innd tWRiity mark*, and had to »tand in thig 
pilloTTun boTirni ChAm\f(Cniiia( State TriaU, 

xvii. UX)i Hotel anii (Jwriei, :hid MT. iii. 
l-U-1). A tbinl edition nf pun i. appMtvd 
at London iii 17^7 ( Oilalv/ue of AJroeat*^ 
IMrary, Edinburgh), and another edition 
of part ii. in iho mum yow (A.) 'Cuiir»- 
liuna of iho Memoir* of Jolia Kor of Ker>- 
laad'alao appeared in 17S7. (Tbartiiampjr 




in tho Orenvillo Library in the lifitiKh Mu- 
eeEiu.l Ili* ' Menjoiw wen; trnnnluted iuto 
Freocli uudoi' tlie tiit<?, ' Mfoiuirw ciMiivituDi 
dcB rfifleX-iuiiB iutfrttsaiiles aur lu^ cumun^rce 
6t une biUoiro abr£g{<e ilu Tile ila AIaJi>n|ii>?.' 
Rottordam, 1726-^, .1 vols. Kwr's puririiit 
bv Ilnniaioiid u pr^xod to pul i. of his 
' Momoira.' 

(Lockhiirt Pnp«n; Kef* Mcmoin, aad pro- 

ttet to parti.; rtdthnniel Iliok*'* Corropood- 

«nca(Abbot*{ordClio1>1; poUliAil Hl»tii c>f Orul 

.Briuin, \62«, ixiii.eT; FaUmuii'* Hist, uf llio 

County of Ayr, i. 425-0,] T. K. U. 

KER, JOHN, fifth EABt and fint Dcrxii 
0? KuiACRuH id, 17JI), WW brolhnr of Ito- 
hurt, fuurtb uorl, and second «on of Kobitrt, 
third ettrl, hy Lady MoTgnTct lluy, tldut 
daught«r of John, ftnt muquis of Twueddnli', 
H» wu, ftcoording to Palt«n, cArufiilly t^dii- 
caWd by hi» taxhorfffiftoryi^fhf H*fifilion), 
ud Muhy r«fcri> tr> him nji ' a young jicn I le- 
mon of pvat tenniinn and rlrtun,^ who 
'ktkOiKiill thi^uicitiu Unffutifiioii thnroiishly, 
and ipe&ks moit of the luudem purfr^et ly well ' 
{Sacrrl MfiiairtX Wo alaa dtwcriboi him 
u ' hri}vrii-i^>implftxiono(l ' and ' haarfnTne.' 
Lnokhan cull* him pnrhnps ' th? bote nc40iii- 
pliahed youns man of nimliiy in Europe' 
\Manmn, p. 95). He hatl uUo groat penontl 
eharin, ' By all ibnl aro (o tlRppy M to bo 
Bocjuaiut^d wiih him,' writM Pittl«n, 'Iw 
gkina their alliiction and apptnuw.' iln ' hnd 
so oharmiiih' '^ ^■'X of ^xprauing hi* though U,' 
laniento l^ukhart, 'that ho pleaied cviUi 
thoRs againsl whom h« tpoke. On^Ooi. 
1690 ha WM aerved h«iir maJe and of ent«il 
of hi* bmthxr in the Mrldom of Roibureh, 
wbun, accnrdinK to IxiRkhnrl, ' \» mado b'\s 
firat appennocu in llin world tn (hi^ g>>ni-ral 
■atiftfaetion of all men.' In 1701 hn wiu nn> 
poiutod one of thu iivL-rnitarii.'* of iinto for 
flcotlnad, and the samu year h« ai?compimied 
tho Karl of llothiw ntid Baillit« of Jervit- 
vrodd a* a dnputation to London to protest 
uKnioDt the payment of 3cot« troops from the 
Iilnjfliiih trensuij {Mardkmont Fuptrt, \\\. 
901). Thu deputation wars anaunxl thut no 

Surpose of this kind had boon contemplut^. 
ubscique nt ly Roxburifli i 111 ne J the i^undroitt, 
•ad U one of its priiiclpiil leaden be look a 
nnpromiiivnt part in th^dubalm infuvour 
of tu naioo Ma thn protostont siicces^ioD. 
On SS April 1707 Roibnrgh'sjfrwtt serviw« to 
tho (roTornmant wnrn ri^eoeiiKad by criiAtiiig 
lum in tho Soots poontgo Duke of ftoxbiirith, 
Marquis of Bowmont and Oesifurd, Karl nf 
Kalso, Visoount Broxmoudi, and Lord K«r 
of OtatAird and Carerton. The aamu year 
hs woaeboMn ooe of the sixteen 8coCti«h rv 
pioMntative peeia, and he was rechosen in 

ITO-t, an<l n)-:iiTi m !71& and 1723. Diasitit- 
tied with lb<- iiilluence exercised by tbehfci 
of Queenxberrv in the management of ScW- 
tishbuaiiies), [Roxburgh, after I he itBicai,Bpia 
set himself with oiImf Doblea to opfoat Ui 
administration aiid to carry the oloclkmsii 
Scotland against him, but vrith very indif* 
fbnnt suocsasi Roxburgh WS4 one of tk* 
council of regency appointed in 1714 befixt 
the arrival iuEnglnadof Oeorge I.bvwbca 
he woa, on i!4 8eBt.,named keep«T of t he pcin 
«ea1 of Scotland, and also ajptnuited Im£ 
lieutenant of Roxburgh and Selkirk. On 
14 Oct.hewns »wornnnrrivycaundllor. Ob 
the outbreak of the robollioa in th«foUairiaf 
ynar fan occomrauued the Duke of Aigyll !• 
Scoilnnd. and in a troop of horae rolflBlMt^ . 
compDsiid chiefly of gentlemen of positM^ 
spHcuiUv duJiinffuiKhed himatlf at tbe baitb 
orSheriiFmuir (Pinxji, fTuUny oflJkt StU- 
li'in). Iln wa« niso ablo to mi»e about fiw 
hundred men iii xnpnort of the Ilanoretiaa 
eiiccession. In I'lt! nawnsreappoiDtwIeM 
of the icenitarics of state fat Scotland, and 
during the king's obaeiute (torn England hi 
1716, 17:», 1723, and 17SS he acted as <u 
of the lords iiuticea. Ho sMlousIy suppofted 
Carteret and Cad(»an in tfacir oppoeitwa l» 
TowiiseiidsndWa^le. Walrolelriuninlwl, 
but for unniB tiniB lie was unabto to nbl^ 
Itoiburgh'it r^nio\*al. At last, howwer, 
Itoxbiirgli was iliimiiwd on 2a Aug. I73S, 
I on ibn Kroiiml that ho had used hia official 

Cition tooacDurage the discontent in Soot- 
don account of the mall'tax. RoxburghTa 
opposition to this tax seems to li«vfl Ma 
quite sinoere. His dismitsol arose, in GMt, 
partly from a constitutional difficulty— the 
dtlticuliy of harnionis)D|[Tbe discbarge of tbe 
functions of thooflioe with due suboruinntioa 
to ihn eubinel. Ccinuxiueutly, no one was 
immadialcly iippoitited to succeed bim, and 
although siihtequently the oHicn was nomi* 
iiallv held \)y Lijrd Selkirk and tho .Marquis 
of iSvecddalu. Roxburgh was the hut to at- 
eiciae the full functionsof thcoffioe until its 
reriral in modern times. Roxburgh spent 
hie subseqilout yuan chiolly lu retirement on 
hiteitotos: butatthocOTouBtiou ofOeorgell 
ho officiated ai deputy to the Countea* of 
Errol, high oonainble of Scotland. II* was 
a felluw of the Itoyal Society, and act«d aa 
a piLll-bearer at the ftinerol oT Sir Isaac New- 
{•m in WustminstiT Ablwvon 38 March 1727. 
Ho diod at lloors 24 l-'ob. I7il, aud waa 
buried at Bowdi-n. 

Hn married, on I Jan. 1708, Lady Maiv 
Finch, only child of Daniel, earl of Wincbcl- 
non and Nottiugbam, and widow of Willioia 
Savile, marquis of Halifax. Shu died on 
IVSept. 1718^ and was buried in Wostounstar 

Abbey, teaTing ooo ion. R&twn, Mtwnit dukv 
af Boxbumh, wbo be&Uaded Fiuldiikg, v/aa 
bhar of JoUn Ker, tbird duku [q. vij, and 
dwdatlhihSSAag. KfiC 

[^tlon's Hislor; at tho RoImiHIod ; Locktinrt 
«r Qiniwath'i KcMoir*! MwkjS SmitI Mo- 
noin; BCardmoal Htptn; Batopt'it OsnTlniv; 
Ci»a*»Lif«ef Wfttpolc: Douglu'tSiottidiPHr- 
mgi (Woody. iL 4SI-3.] T. F. U. 

RER. JOHN, third DviB oy RoiBiitits 
flTlU-l^tOI), licN>k-collrclor, boni in llAii<><i<?r 
8quAi*<t liowloii, 'JS A|)rii 1710, wbh eld-^ 
aoB of Rotxirt Kpt, bhtoiuI iIuIk. bv Lis wit'u 
£«MX (d. 7 l>cc. K'U), daufflitor of Sir 
BogLT MtMtjii, ban. In 176S be «ui»md*il 
bin iktber u the diikodon, and in 1761 jmid 
bia addnawiv whtl« travolUnK cni tlio conti- 
nmt, to ChrinUn* Sopkin Albcrtitui, cldval 
dauffbur of tbo Ihikc of JiKkltnlmrg-Stiv- 
lili, tntt tbv l>d)r*s younjiLT %ii.tiiT, Chnrlolte, 
WM ■ffionofd viiry buuq aflerwardd to 
Omtkc III (SeptvnLi-T 1T01), and il tna 
deemed menmtTj, <m poUtK&l unrounds to 
hrvnk off (lie Boaleh bstwaen lb« duko and 
Cfanuiuia. ■Bollipiniiw,'iti)'Mi'l,*crini!(id 
iha Mno^h of tbnir aiumlinuait by d«vot- 
iaff tkatr aftiT-llvM to celibacy.' The diJt- 
■ppoiiitmoal induci'd in itoixbuigli u ■ tv- 
avTfd moUitebolv whidi pivfera twtir«meut 
to vpUndid MMtnot i^f ^uetv; (StB Walt^k 
Soon). Koiburgk'itiiuitura.Ettexaiul MnfY. 
bnth actL-d M bvldeenuids at tbe kin)r« 
marrogf. Oeorge lit allowed muck frinnd- 
■bin for Roxburgh, kikI amomUd him a 
laraof Uieb(<dcbntiibnrin17o7, HoroMivni 
Cbv kaigbthood of tbn ThUllo on 24 Xnv. 
17^ boMine RTOom of Ibu aUilu mid a privy 
cauneillair 30 Nui-. ITDd, anil wm iiiT«it«d 
tin 3 JimolWl irltliUieonlerof thoOuUr, 
whiab be bald — a v«r? ni» diatinolion — 
■Imw witb tbal of the llirtk. Ha diod U 
his uraMin St. Junn«'fl S<|iinr4>oii 10 Mareb 
liNH, md waa buriml at Bowdnn. Hin Bri- 
tiah titlaaof Karl ondHaronKorurVr'akufiidd 
bncAine extinct at kia d«atli, but bin SL-dttisk 
hOBotin derolvMl on a hiiuiDBn, WilliHin, 
•ev«ntli lord B-llmdtii, twru about 17i!^ 
wboaacceodcdaifourtbdultu, anddiud witb- 
Dot •nrviviDg iMue H Oct. 1805 [m<« Ksit, 
Juin Iinn»^ fiftk ThiKis]. 

Tbo third duk« ira*a man of ninn)'.acroi[i> 
pliihmcwla. Accotdinff to Sir Wnltfrr Scott, 
who waa wall aoauaiali-'d with bim, bii 'lofty 
vremnet and felicitous addnua* tuirn^teil 
LordCIiMtertiHld. Wbeii inScoitaiidb^vas 
kR udcut apoTtanaaa, but bitr iiiii>> in Ldodoii 
«u eUetfv apeot in haok-ooll<ictiiig. and h« 
deratvd 'nours. nay, dav*. in oollaling' bia 
nModitiooa. 1]»0(golt[ and bewvroofli'n 
cw|Mititorafnif thtpttfCbawofUioainoboolc, 

Bud [he dukewtttanl; Uiuitcc<turiil in Huch 
coui«U8. lio Mcnred an unrivalled colUo^ 
tion of boobs ftam Caxloo's prae*. Scott do* 
Kiribn* kirn aa'acurioitf nod uniruariodniadar 
of rajaimci;' mokitiK 'niany obM-rraliona in 
of the Round Tiible (Locxhart, Ltfr i/Stotl, 
188^, iii. Xi). He poteeated ike two raro 
ediiioiu, dated in ICCR, of tho Scottiah acta 
of partiaiuentc ' of tba Ave Gnt Janoaoa and 
Qiinon .Mnrr.'and printr^ Mrparalvly tho fuw 
stulatcs omittL'd in tko IilIl-i impreMion for 
the UM i>{ fhi)«a vfho only poi»«Med that im- 
pmuiiun. His uplendid libmrTwaa boused in 
bia nmdtmuv in St. Jaiuu'i »iusTe, Loudon, 
and madiNpursed bv aale Ihara during forty- 
Hw days between 18 May and S Ju^ 161^ 
The lots iiiunbored 9,^3, and though tha 
dnkeistoid to have only expended I>,000/.ob 
tko collection, SS.S'IU. was milised. Branet 
asaorta that the sale marked the kifchMt point 
Tvacked bv'the themionw>ior of bibliomanift' 
in&iKbiiid. Valdar&r'sedilionofBoccnc^, 
forvhich the a»cond Duko nf lloxbut^k had 

Sid one hunitred giiinnw, wns aold to tko 
competition wilh Ijord Spencer, and C'lLxlon's 
' llocuyell of the Ui«ton-e of Tnn ' foil t o tlw 
Duko of Dwonidiire (or 1,070/. 10*. (0*«t. 
Mag. 1812, pt. ii. pp^ Ui'lfl). ItoxburKh 
jkiuouhI a tare collection of broadside bellui 
bound in tbive rolunwe. Tvro of theso hod 
originally formed part of the 1-jirlof Uxford'a 
library, oiid aiVer ptwing into iho poaaoMioD 
siiccM«iv»lyofJaiaaa West and MnjorTbumas 
Fearfoa, bud been bought bv the duke at 
PeoMon's sole in 17S8 for m.'ii*. Sd. Pmr- 
snn bad, with the help of Isaac Beed, Bad« 
valuabtv udditluu» to the collection, but thv 
duko devou'd kiiiiself to perfecting it, and tho 
number of brondndiu in bi* bauds ranched 
],SlO. Thejrfetcbod 177/. I'V. at tb« sMu ia 
1812, and wont aciiuircd by Benjamin Ilev- 
wood Blight, after whosi' disitb in lsi3tbi^ 
WMo purcbwed by the British Uuseuni in 
IfHH. The whole eoUectiun has since been 
corefuUy edited for the Ballad Sodety by 
William Chappell and the Rov. J, W. Cba< 

To oelehMt* tlw tale of the BocoMoio on 
I 31 Juno 181S, tho chief bibliophile* of the 
day diiuid together in the evening at St, 
I Atoan'a Tavtim, St. Al ban's 8ln<el, wader dio 
preaidcnor of Lord 8]i«iiC'.>r. and there in> 
auguratod Uw Itoxbnrghe Club, oonsistiag 
nf tw«ntv-four UMnbers {Otnl. Mag. \iiVi, 
pt. ii. p. 1 91. 

A portrait of the duke by Tliomu Patch, 
in tlie manner of an Italiau carioatura, wns 
preMOtfd in 1SS1 \>j Sir Richard Wtllaoe to 
tb« National Portrait Gallery. 


(Domlta'a F««np. «i. Wnid : Q«dI. M«g. 
ISO*, pi. I. p. 3W: Bit Wnlur Sooit in Qimr- 
lorlj B«Ti(iw, xUt, 448-7 ; Cbamtnirs'i Smincui 
SeoumeD. ii. *I0-1 ; LocUmh* Lifo at i^ftt; 
EU«uil*'< Memoir* of L;l>rsriw, il. Hi; 
Lownilct't Ilili1ii«n>pber'> Uaaual, ed. Bohn ; 
O. sod vr. NlcnV* Sal* Otulapio of the Duko of 
Baxbur|;b'« Lilirarj, 1812.] S. L. 

KSB, JOUN (iei&-]886), Aiyiw. wu 
born ui ilwfiirnitiauM: of Bicld, in th«iMri«li 
ofTwMdimuir, I'lwblowUiro.onT AurillSlVi. 
llwpwrnli movi'd Muoo««>ively lo Fillynidi', 
botwmn Lpitliund Portob»llu,iiiidto Abbojr- 
iiill. Kit wan luiicb imitteswd a» Achild by 
tbo prwicliiaK of John Brown (1784-1868) 
f(i, V,] Uo WM fduCHtad >t Uw FMloburBU 
itig)) Scliool, anil in 1835 lio )wcaiqi.> a stu- 
dent ill ihi" iuiiriir«ty of Ediiihiiri^h, IIl' 
gtimi tlio fir»t prixo in ^ir Willlnm llamil- 
laa't cUu, And wraa second in both llio mnriil 

{biloiiopliy and natural philotophy elnm!*. 
a 18S9 M «nltTed tho divinity hull of tha 
n^Wd MceMion chuicli. During tho kcimimo 
1m Riudiod tbn I''ronch nnd GLTman language. 

Kiting ibo wbolo German dictionary by 
art. Ho aliM) learnt lli-braw and Arabic. 
Up spent aix montliaat Hnlle undi;T VUnliick, 
and ait«a<jMl N«ind«r'i> iMtutiMi at lii^lin. [ 
Ue wai well ntnd in hiMary, and fund of 
Soottiab M>ng;i and roraanccn. In Kubruarj- 
18i61wwiMorilain«d in AlnwicV, Nurihuiu- 
berland, u mininii^r of ('lurji'iri Sini-i 
Church, in connoctinn with tbc aMucinli- 
preibvtvrr of Kilinbiirgb. IliscoD^regiition 
rtptdly incnaMsd, and he Myed to found a 
TIo WM catlu to Barrhead in If*49. and 
bci waa inducted in Eaat <'.iidi{i)h'1I Htnn-t 
Church, Glasgow, on 10 Mnrnh ItSTil. IIv 
became known a* a prunclit-T and platform 
orator. Ili« lariie church became cti>iird<?d. 
cnid the crailrtrof many n^-eucica. He declined 
a call to llriBtol iu ItU^, and an oETer of the 
poM of lli« flnt home miaxion Mcrttary made 
It the ivnod (now tho United I'ltubyttrrinn 
Synod) in 186T. On 2H Xov. ier,7 bin oon- 
BTesntion nmoTcd lo a new church ereclvd 
in oydoey Ilnco at a cost of over 8,000/. In 
May ISGd kia bisalth broke il<iwn fVom nver- 
irork, and he bad to spend ninny winter* 
■broadt not being able to rvminic full work 
(ill 1672. A volumo of bin 'Sormcmii" mn 
tliTougb thirtMD edition*, and in rFmurkublv 
botkwr ■tylaMdpowo'ofthoughi. In INKI 
Im recNTcd tba dmeo of D.D. ftwm Edio- 
burgb Dnivofiiity. in lP7(i Kur was chneon 
pCoMMor of practical training in llic romn- 
atracted tlioologicel hall of hi< rliiirrh. I U> 
weakncM oUiowl him to limit hit luboun: 
but. in apilo or much anff-rinit, hct purformwl 
biadutie* auocuwfully till hi* death on 4 Oct. 

1886. Bc^9id<'Stb«TaliiiMorMniior. 
menlionedKerpubliahodTBrioiwaFni- i — . 

famplileta. IIu contributed to the ' L'nitcd 
"nubyttrrian Maguine ' articles on ' Ecboea 
of th« Paalma in the Experience of Life and 
Death,' 1881 (afterward* pnbliidied a* a 
volume entitled 'Tb«F«alm« in Hiatory and 
Bi<igmphy,' 1 886, 8to) ; and on ■ Tbo Rcvoca. 
tionnf ibtiKdietof Nante«,'189tl.&c. Tl< 
apptarvd poathumoualy 'SooUiah Nation i 
and other I'apvnt,' 1W!!7 ; ' LNturM on 
llistorv of Prvai-hinjf,' 1888i and au ist": 
iiig volume of bi« lelti*rt in 18M). 

[See 8«il*man, fl and 1 1 Occ I fiBB ; Oiriida* 
Leader. i» Oct. 18M fUr. Joba K«r aaprtaobo- 
and Profavor,' by the Ber. W. Wckie. HJU 
Purlh), and 18 Nov. lSHO('Dr. triia Ker a* ■ 
rnaCor'); Uic^rapbieal 8k«tcb of (ha Ulc Rtr. 
Dr. John Ker, by the IUt. Dr. Lrckie. IbrM, 
Glimt^iw. in CniiM l'rc»byifriajn Mnfpuiae.D^ 
oelal".ir I8S0 : niiJ utlicr iiolicu and nnrlew*.) 

T. B. J. 

184S1, botanist, wit, and man of faahion, waa 
Ibo eldest son of John ISuwkr uf lUntidgas 
miir And'iviT. Itainpflhin^ and oS tint InMT 
Trmpir (</. at lluih V'l Dec. 1608, aged 77). 
His muilivr wu.» LWiline, eldeat anrvtTtnr 
daugbu-r of John, Ibinl baron llrlleadeB ii. 
1740). JahiilJawlor(naliewaaalfiratcnlkd» 
obtained a commiMion in the second nwiineoi 
of life-guards ; waaappointedcnptainsOJan. 
ITDO.and waasoniorcuptain in tho regiaDDnl | 
in 17ftS, when be woa compi-IIiH) to quit tbe 
army nwinc to his ilinplny* of aytniinlby wilb 
ihu FrL-Dcli revolution. On l> Nor. ISfX 
Gi.-orgi.-lU,out of regard for Oawler'anoibfT. 
undal the instance of lii4A<H.'ond cousin, Wil* 
linrn, sevi>nlli bnrnn Itellemlnn and fourth 
diikn of ItoTbnrK'b, ^trniilcd him a liernw 
to tnko thi! namn of Her H»l1pnd>-fl in liim 
of OnwU-r: but h» wiu invurinbly known ** 
ItullcnduD Kvr. William, fourth duko of 
Itoxburah, di>n) in IHI.iri oiihoiil direct heir. 
Diiringbthlifet imo he aed ul i> u »1 y i' i ide<n vtinred 
to divert tho succeaUMi in favour of K»r, and 
entailed hi* rttatns upon him. Itiit boih the 
entail and Ker's elnim loibctillcwi'm, after M 
much liligntion, ii't anidc bv lhL> Iloiue of ■ 
Lord* in favour of Jamea lnn<«-Ker, fifth ' 
duke of lioxhurgb [i^.v.] on II May 1812 
(cf, £ Dow'« JtrpurU). Ker was long hnown 
a* a wit and man of fatbion in London. Vmf 
slorina weiv told of llic charm of hi* con*«r> 
I aation, and he waa tho hero of aome ' nflain 
of plllanliT,-.* 

Ilis attention tnunt. howeviT. hare heeti 
early turned to liolaiiy.for in 1801 he brotight 
out Bnonymomilv his • Itecensio Planlaruw,' 
a review of till tho plant* fi^iivd up to that 
time in Andrews's ' Botamtt'i Itepoaitoi;.* 





at tbe laaw dMe I19 hema ui ooiilribute 
uonal dMcripltoiu of new pUuia lo 
ia*! ' ttoUniMl UafUin*^' tlwoi uinlor 
tba oditonliii* of Dr. Situ, who highly oom- 
■MMled Kar in the prpfnce ta Ihc fjfloRnth 
vohune. In 1801 be printvil au im^>rtiiiit 
BCnoir oa ■ fitoap of plunls, iLi.- Induccn', 
ia K«(iig&adSiBi(ia'Annnl9i.>f Itoluny.' In 
181S the ' Buinnical I!egi«ivr ' wue tturteJ in 
crpfUHiilion In ili>? ' Itotuucal )i»gnim(i ' [m« 
tlvGntcJilor. iln Iwld tbe oftico till about 
1^4:^3, whun i>r. Lindley luoJi nolo control. 
Vi'tieii {re«d rpooi lioUnicnl jounuliiiin, Le 
twintd hi* Bi«nii>ir nu ihc IriilacL-tu at It^Ol, 
Aad broiwhl out kin ' IriilMratn tieuen,' 
BriMMK IKtd, 8vo, wliich wm kit iMt im- 
(oruat work on hoon^. An illiwu aupor- 
vaiwd, tftd on nwmnirig work he bu*wU 
hinawf on ' Aa J^**y ot^ th« ArchtDoloKy 
lof Popular Knglivb PkrMH Ami Nurterr 
Vhymet,' SontliNinpioin, lt«34, ((to, wbicli 
nkohed « a«oonil nliiiiHi. London, 16S&-7, 
3 Tola. 1^0. SatJiil^uK-iitul tvluniM m« 
dat«d IMO Md \mb. Utiiit within twMilv 
jous b«for« his dpalh h«i wruto occasional 
■rticli!* in IIk |ia^''''>'"(C papiT*. 

UuriDC thclatrr pRrimliif biilifc Kotlirrd 
»t lUsuidgv. whetv bo died in Jamt l>m. 
Tbe gvnua Bfllatdtna eommi-mnraiM bim. 
Zle was taarrinl. Hia »im, Cliarlnt Hunry 
Belleoden K<t. is aemnilel}- iioIicmI. 

A MiBlittf; bj Sir Jotliun ReynoMscif Ker 
•nd Eis broUier H^iirrflawlHr isflerwurils 
«f Ijt)R)1n'« Inn) as bovs, w»* rnifmViHl bv 
J. U. Smith. Tbo oicltirp wn* soU in 16^ 
tot -IM^ (Time,, A May \m\ 

riI<Hnit of Lord*, Rmltursb .^uccMnicn. Ktir 
•Sdotbsraaiip'llaiils.&r. l80N.&r.: Ikiuuliis'ii 
pBwa^of ■'^(Mlxii'l.ed.Woo-l.ii. 4.^:1-1; Gtat. 
K^. I84I. pt, ti. p. 'tiO; inr[in»4ticia kindiv 
nip(>ti*d by j[r. U. I. Fon'*cuo Urick^liI*, niii) 
3Ir. J. Ha Tilt Vainy of Liiicolii't Inn.) 

»B. U. J. 
KER, I'A'nUCKOf. 1691), pool.bfts bom 
#u|iihmmI. with aame support [ram toterniil 
c%'>iU' iicr, lo ban- Wn a Sc>>iii*h r^iisurpa- 
liaa whu Binalcil (o Lunilon during the 
»i^ of CbwlM II. ' Floaculum Pwtirum. 
ftMOU dirinn and bumanih Pnoeg^ricsl, 
Mtrrical, imnical. by i'. K. . , .' (l^ndun, 
16M, l&iaal.AToltiiii'uof ullm-loynliit vi-rwi, 
tbonoli Msi^pd by lyvwndi:! t'> I'. Kirk 
(JIM Mitn. It. \Si-i), may \»: mIkU nt Iributcd 
to fails. Ficinit rliw tiili^jiK^-i- a|i]>wir!i lliu 
tnsaifUt synibolicslnf rh>! Triiiily.n'liivliiip- 
MUl in itnolhnr work, -Tli- Mnji of Man4 
VinflTT,' wilb tbi! nullior's ii<in«, 1'. Ki>r, in 
inlL Till! ' Kloiculiim ' inrludrs n grotfuipn' 
cut of Cbarli'sU in ibe oak, ncciimjmniod by 
I equally groiwquo (p. 19), and a nam- 

bi>r of Kurrilnus rlivmiu snd nnsertms on 
Olii'er Cromwtll. 1'iw I.uttrcll t'ollcclion of 
llroulsides at the Briliah MuBi-um contains 
two «lcgiM [)ii Chsrl<?« 11, une <lsk-J £■ Fvb. 
IDt^^SMsignedl'. K.,(liei}ili"r<Ulcill-M''tb., 
oHWollMn'Panfgyrickrnemoii thiCowna- 
tionof JsmRslI/Rll of whiHinr*' by Kit. In 
1 tl'JU np|n!ii«-d hi" ' .Mnji of .Miins .M i«rT, or tJiB 
I'our Man's Tockrl lloiik. IK-ina a IVrpduol 
Almanack uf ^{liriiunl ItU-ditaiioii', 01 Com- 
plesf Ditvclory fur our litiiili-a^c Wwk. . . . 
To which is nilikid a I'ot-tn, CTiiiiiilnl Tbo 
(JIau of Vnin Olorv. I'or Jii. l.nwr»?iici! al 
till- .\t\^\ in thn I'onltry,' lfK«0, ISnto, Tho 
Butkor's lory ifiidi-nciM atv Imrp siinpriwiod, 
, till! work IJi'ins duilicatsd to ItucCd, lady 
' l!iit«i!ll,Hud suWribvd P.Kvt. 2-IJiui.lWi) 
lO.S.) In tki! fuUowiiig year wa» pub- 
I tish^ ' .SnyaiutX'"' "' 'I"-' Coiiqii'Ml of Elo- 

Jumco: coDtainin^ two witly onition» (in 
asgerolTMM)aslhcy may Um-nd in Ovid's 
I " MvlamoTphMc*,' lib. xiii. Ily 1". K.' Tlii* 
I ia BtlribuliHl in tl^her's 'I'nInloHUo' (p. 
I 109), followed by LowndM, to 1', Kirk, but 
' tbcn* is no apjiBivut foundation for thia 
tlimry of authorship, Tbe< last work inice- 
abU to Ker appoarod in I6UI. It is called 
' tlnXirwif (iiyat. Tbo Grand Politicisji, of 
thf Sitctvt .\rt of Smln I'olicy ditnovorcd, 
Wriltwi oriHinollv in Ijitin by Conmdua 
Iteinkinit, Chancellor to his EleclornJ tliRh- 
nc«* ihu Duki! nf Itmndi-nbiirftk, nud oow 
donl^ tnio Ivnittisli.' Tbt so-cullud t runslution 
issupjilemcntary 10 MitchiavvUi's well-known 
treatise, bvinK aildiMScd for thn nin»it jmrlto 
MtAteaDiensndiiistriictini^ th[:m 'Howio l)i»- 
•frmbln,'' How to abrogntp I'rivili'Ki-',' 'How 
to ri>vi-al a Mjcret withoiii giving olfc^nce to 
him who did inform you of it.' ■ How to 
colli'ct Inxi'i wiihuiLt ollrnding \,\w subjecta.' 
The writer dr-liculcs his' ^ulall ircnlise or 
wniid*'riri(' incd-or' to tli* Earl of Noltin^ 
hnni.aiid ^ubtcrihi.-shimdclf 'Par.Kor.' This 
volume wosnublitihed byThon Hawkins, til* 
piihliihor or the * Xaya^X'"' *'''' wliich 
work it was in moim cnso* originally boiuul 
up. Them lecra* littlii ruoion for suppoHHf 
iliut Patrick Ker wu iduoticaL witli ft Bar, 
Dr. Kerr, un eminent Mboolinaster of Hlgh- 
Eati-. who is roferrvd to bj Dunton (Lift and 
Error*, pasMui). 

(VoiM anil Qii«Hw. Ind Sfr. i. 381, 4th mr. 
ii. \iii: Iluliti's BiU. Cottpc[inD>t. 3rit mr. p, 
U:!; Rrr's workt in BrlL iUue. Library. cata> 
loRiir.! uodw K.. P.] T. S. 

KER, ROHERT, Eabl or Sommbbt (rf. 

11140), [SeaCiRR.] 


flfi'Ui'-lflSO), cldMt son of M illium Ker of 
O'casfurd, by Janut, dougktwofSir William 




BouKlaa of DrumUnrig, wm born about 1570. 
HiB father was TraDdson of that Sir Andrew 
Ker [q. v.] of Cesafurd who was father of 
Mark Kerr [q. v.], nbbot of Newbattle. He 
had charters of lands in the baron j of Caver- 
ton on 2'2 March 1573 (Srg. Mag. &y. Scot. 
1540-80, entry 2313). and also on the same 
date a charter of the bnrony of Cesafurd and 
other lands(tfi.2214). It was Sir Robert Ker's j 
father (not himseir, an stated sometimes) who | 
in 1585 assisted the banished lords in driv- ' 
ing Arran from power, and towards the close 
of 1587 was, at the jiame time as Scott of 
Biiccle uch , comm iltedtoward,attheinstanCG 
of Lord Hunsdon, for making excursions on 
the borders. In loOO Sir Ilobert conspired 
the murder of William Ker of Anenim, 
which was committed in EdinbuTffh 'under 
silence of niRht' (Ilirt. Jamet the Srxt,-^. 
2451. Heflud toEngland(i'6.),butonl8Kov. 
1501 obtained a remiwion under the ffreat 
seal (Reg. Mng. Si</. Smt. 1580-03, entry 
1901). lit! was nu adherent of the Chan- 
cpllor Maitland of Thirlestane, whom in 
1501' he succeeded in rcconcilinff with the 
queen (Sib James Melvii.le, Menioirt, p. 
405). In October 1593 Ker, with two or 
three hundred horse, joined the king at Lin- 
lithROW to support him against the Both- 
well party (MoTSiB, Idemoirt, p. 105), and 
■while returning homewards in December, 
accompanied by only one servant, accident- 
ally encounteri-d Kothwoll, who also was 
accompanied by only one attendant. They 
foiif[bt on horseback two by two for several 
hours without decisiveresult, until at length 
both parties were so exhausted with tlieir 
exertions that they separated by mutual con- 
Bi'nt (i7..p. 111). On 27 March 1594 Ker, 
as warden-depute of the middle marches, 
received a commission from the privy coun- 
cil for the pursuit of Bothwell (J('«7. P. C. 
Srntl. V. 137), and in Aiiffust Ker of Femie- 
hirst and others were ordered into ward for 
declining lo suliscri1>e nn association to os.'iist 
him in the pursuit (id. p. lOI). On 16 Oct. 
following ho was 'denounced a rebel' for 
failing to present Iwfore the council Andrew 
Ker of Newhall (ib. v. 230). On 3 Dec. 
the liarl of Morion complained that Sir 
Robert had evaded the act by formally pre- 
senting Andrew Ker before some of the coun- 
cil in Edinburgh (!6. pp. 240-1). On 5 July 
1590, for negiecling to appear before the king 
and council to give advice regarding the 
means to he used for the quieting of the boT^ 
ders, he and others were denonneed as rebels 
(t'A. p. 3()0), but on the 24th he found cau- 
tion that he would keejigood rule (li. p. 742). 
The chief reason for his non-appearance was, 
pTobahly, that he was himself the prime pro- 

moter of the disorderB. Kr Kobert Cany 
[q. T.], afterwards earl of Monmouth, irho 
descnbea Ker as a 'brave, active youngmin' 
(Memoir*, ed. 1808, p. 67), gives a graphic 
description of his exploits, and of themannff 
in which he checkmated him by the captnn 
of Geordie Bourne, one of Ker's moat daring 
subordinates. In December 1696 a settle- 
ment of the disputes on the borders had be«n 
arra^ecl, including an exchange of prisoners, 
and Ker, having fiiiled to deliver up some 
English prisoners, surrendered himseU in the 
following year to Sir Robert Carey, by whom 
he was courteously treated. Not lonr alte> 
wards he was released, and on 2i July 1699 
he was admitted a member of the privT coun- 
cil of Scotland (J?^. P. C. ScotLv. 557). In 
the following vear ha was created Lord Rox- 
burgh. Douglas and others state that the 
dat« of creation is uncertain, all that is 
known being that it was previous to that of 
Lindores (created 31 March 1600-1), before 
whom his name appears in the ranking of 
the nobility in 18(fej but, according to Sir 
James Balfour, the creation took place on 
29 Dec. 1600 {AnnaU, i. 409). His name 
appears as Roxburgh in the council sede- 
runt of 10 Feb. 1601 {Efff. P. C. Scotl. vi. 
203). On 3 Aug. 1602 a commission of war- 
' dency was appointed for the middle inarches 
in vicwof Roxburgh's intention to go abroad 
(ih. p. 441). He accompanied King James 
in his journey to London in 1603, aiter his 
succession to the English crown, and sub- 
sequently retained a position of influence in 
his counsels. At the parliament held at 
Perth in July 1604 he was appointed a com- 
missioner to treat with the Enghah commis- 
sioners regarding a union with England. On 
24 July 1606 he was served heir to his lather, 
and subsequently he received a large num- 
ber of charters of other lands, including' 
(15 Aug. 1630) that of the burgh of Canon- 
gate, united into the baronj^ of Broughton, 
On 24 June 1606 the council ordained that 
a deadly feud between him and the Kers of 
Ancrum on account of the slaughter of their 
father should be submitted to arbitration 
(ib. vii. 215), and on 20 "Not. the Kers of 
Ancrum, although declining to submit the 
lend to arbitmtion, agreed to be reconciled 
(lb. vii. 272). 

In October 1007 Roxbui^h was sent as th« 
king's commissioner to the synod of Merse 
and Teviotdale, to urge its compliance with 
the enactment of the Linlithgow convention 
by admitting one of the ' constant modera- 
tors ' of the preabyteiy to be moderator of 
the synod, but 'got anat >to/umu«'(CAiJiBB- 
woon, vi. 680). He was retained a member 
of the privy council on it« recontbnotion bf 


i-itp» 20 Jan. ioi« r J?*v- P- c. a»/(. 

lb). Oct l!19npc. 16tRh<' ir»crcat«<l 
if Itoxbii:.' ' ' rdKurorCvsBfunl 
^Htqlon. , howoTcr, diup- 

f ' '■ -' ' niiiiii^ iIh iiUou of cliaiB- 

t iiriiMv, Btid abinil Ilii' snmo 

L.- ,^„. IjA tlm fHvyitr of ilw (im-i-n 
krt Um MMR (Oi/. .SV/jffl I'oivr/. lliini. 

inii-i^. II. ilr.v I,; il- i.ttiiiu.u-(it 

\ lU- ID-Jl 

F ' ~. iiiiJ in 

km* pulumiUiL hm vutnl I'-r lilt! Ouiv 
ttiiti ot i\*f ft<rv «iticlw of PtMlh. Uar 
I n»?inl«T (if lliB Dnioiniiloi- nfipiMnttxl 
[i<C Jain«^ l<t May I'll!.'). >» cit rmrj 

r . )><■ wiui 

I I. Ancrlfae 

i ■'•> (.'luipcli on 

I iioonbyilivtvoilinfc 

I i r<.^'»' Hi-' ^r4^inyi l<) 

> 'il^- 

! ■ „ ' ■- I '■ .' ' ■-.'■"'' 

r«, i. II; brMJitau, AlrauiruiU, i. 00). 
tnui'Dttv hi rivr-iirrrl u i^ntifetvoM vritli 
) i .ki ibu maii<^r« in 

i; <:, allbuufli In- yt* 

III «u]iporlrr of (TiUeo- 
- L<- iTM H-nt fp>ii> L/M- 

Lic^; n I'l ! innlruolioim fot 

lu Ink' nCliun (kiiig'i 

tLI-iiin, A»rm>; ii. W"), tlW! M- 

lial ull DMUtioip' tivlil ill opposi- 

.« •i;rvlci--l>"oli Wfre diMliargtd 

in iif trr^xni <<>omiijx,i.3:^). Itoa- 

of iliuM who, on Hi Snpt. 

ibrdtliitkiiif'tooviinuuitiil llolj- 

IW). n* WM OIK.' of tbo «ii 

MIUmI by ill" hiiiu Id ail in llio 

tMHiniblv li ''1 ^' <iU>(;i>«-in Niivnm- 

U4. , )>. US). b>il not 

< :i Ink" jutt ib lbi> 

!: k '-r ill- livil w»r 

(igt !ii» ■111 linvidft 

tiim>-li'i<-ufi>r M^- 

Mat l» till- fuATor'a 

HI iT.i (> . , .s.'.jfr /\j/-'r«, iVim. 

)i. li^Sf. Ill J-.i;ii' 111-, how"Trt, 

Uw Viii,- ' ■■ ' i-'i p, L'>i'i>,aiid 

WM f ■ p>ail f«nmr 

Aftnrii.i ; iiiiin of Kur- 

boiNn. A' b« IiikI not mib- 
MtKUM, bovTOM D'<t |>i:niiitt«d 
■r lli«i 8cMti*b IKHiatlinit wlb'ti it o'm 
J \n ilie king in 1CUI, Imi, nl'Uiii witli 
aablaowfi aaiUr ciBiilar iliMibiliiii'*, 
il in tlicaiurtn»iD'(IUi.ri>ni.^>im/<, 
I'l. lUviiiL-, kitu'DTM, tubirnbi'd (in 
IE., liK Xwk bi* MAt (A. p. 1^)), ■nd 
i^viof hi* oBm of privjr »otl coo- 

finsed to Iiim, utrvcd on i«^-<rrBl importaot 
cotninittciw. He oIbo took ft prominent put 
in nKut of ibn ditciuBiocu, xippovting m tu 
M poMiUe a poliffv eoiiMtiMit to iImi witLea 
of tlip Ving. Wlien Ob*rlca in l&li u- 
\cinpi-'il ilio Rrrwl of tlieflvennnDliirni. Itoi- 
burj^li ki-pi tbn door of llie bouu.- ujicn llwt 
mi-ralieT* aiifilil H« llli* iudviMbility of r»< 
»utaiiLV, In ibi! foUvn:in)rjr«arlHi wa«stal«d 
to liitve bmn coaconiiHl io tbn wrtling of • 
letter rrt tlie quMn from D'-thj-, infomii^ 
liT of lbi> inteniioD of tlie l^cola to IaIm up 
nrrni. lln romatii«d. bonttM, pnclionlly 
Bculnl until in 1&I8 be nipportfl ihi> 'cb> 
(Mumi-iit ' for tliu king's reeciie. ^■o^ Oomff 
u> lie WAD on 13 Fob. of (h« IbllowinK ytAt 
ikprivmlof (bvolRceofprirjrMal. HediMl 
14 J»n. lOGO, in bU oighti<rtb ymr, at hit 
bouM of Flourn (now known n* Floor* 
CMtiv), iM«r Kebo, aud was buiiect in Bow* 
ili-ii Cburch on 30 Marcb. 

K<ixbiirf(h «rft» tliricn marriud. Bv Iu« 
lirst wife. Mnrtcftrrl, onlv iUu^'lit«r M Sir 
WiUiHm Miiiilnnilof Ix-lfiinglon, bo bad one 
aun, William, lord Kor, wlui i|:mdunt#d U 
E-linbiiivb ruiii'miij- 28 Jufv l«10 nnd 
dtol wliiLe imvolLnf- m Frnnccm IdtS; nnd 
tlin^n dauifbirrf : Jraii, married Hlofi t» fiir 
Willinto Urummond, fouttb aun uf John, 
tM-iiitd inrl of IVrtb: latlel, married lo 
Jatutti SormiHeaur, ivcond Ti«ronni DundM; 
and Mni^-, miim«d Gi«t to Jamas linlyburton 
of Pilcaim. and awoudiv to Jniar*, RKoiid 
<nr) of 8i>iitb¥«k. B;,' hu ti-conil irifr. Ji«n, 
third dnaglitor 04* Pairick, lliird lord l>rtiin> 
m>iin<l^ b4> bad n *ii«, llarr^*, lord Kirr, who 
died in January 1SI3, and vboae datigbter, 
MnrijiirM. wifr of Sir JamM laniMi, lliird 
barr.iurt, was ullimatoly |)Tcat<|trandmotbnr 
of .lamtfH Iiiu-.'d-Kcr. fiftb duke of Itoxtnirgli 

ti). v.~ Ilv bit tbird v>ifu, I*abi-1 ItougUa, 
iftb i^niij^liUir of William, i-nrl of Morton, 
l^>.\lnnviI bad no iMttv. Having no bain 
mall', tilt! litln and eflatM, in accordann 
wilb a ncirdoilinnlioin obliuiwd in l&l.\r»- 
nuwisl bvcbarlFr uiidirrtbof^TTiittealitl July 
1616. nti'l rtM-uiul -JS Fob. ltU8, puMd to 
Sir William llruuimonil, tbe buabuid of 
Itoxburgb'a ebksi iJaaglit«r, Jean. 

(Rr«. Mag. 8ig. Scot. rola. ii-iii.; Reg. P. a 
Scud, nk T-ix.; C*L Sut* Paptn, Dam. 8rr. 
Tfignu of Jutni* I and Cbariw I ; Ki*i. Jamw 
tli« ttcxi, Mr Jnm<« lUrirttle'a Id*alKlir^ Rubnt 
Baillip'a X^llars and Jooniali. and UuyuaV 
U«moira(U*t four Bannatyiw Clnb) ; Gotdon'a 
Stou Afitim an<I ffalJlnc'ii Jlnnnriill* of 
tb« Tr«bl«< (Uiih t||wldiae Club) : S\i Jamca 
Ualfonr'a AanoU; Caldcrvcod'a llifl. of iba 
Cliartb of Scotland: Sir BobertChrDy'iHrmoirf; 
Doaslaa't SoMtlah Pcang* (Wood), 11. IIT-L] 

T. F. H. 

KEE, ROKEKT, 6wt E»ri. op Axcrum 
(16TH-lU&l).f1<iest tion ofWilliam K«r nf 
Ancrum, by MftrgHKt, daiiglit^r of Alexan- 
der Dnnilo* of l''iiigiuik, irlio oftiTWftrJ* Im^ 
came wifi- of Sir (ioorgn Dougln* of Moriiinjf- 
toii,wni(«e« CoiTrnpondrnee, p. 37ft) born 
ft Dnc. lo7i*. William Knr »f Ancrum wbm 
granclaoii uf Aiiilr>?w Kur of F<!mivliint 
[q. v.^ Ill' <)ii(;i.'t'(!dr;il 10 \\w fuiuilir VAluI^e 
Oil the ft^^MM ilia tion of bis fatber in lf>90 
by Sir Knluirt Ki-r of OoMfunl, sAerwords 
fimt fnrl of itoxbur^h [ti. v.] In IfiOS bo 
WM B]i[Miinti'cl ^mom of cIib ucdchntiibpr in 
tbr? hmintJioIcl (if I'rinci! Henry, nm! uliortlj- 
■fttTwnrds liniKlitfil. On 1 Oct, of tbp nttmu 
jpiir b« iii|{ned, at provunl of Jtdbiiri'b, ibe 
gVDcniI bund agaiuiit lliiuv(-H mid nlib'^ra uf 
tho borders iHrg. I'. C. Swtl. \i. t^■2.'l^. (In 
S4 June 1006 be conwuloi] ro ■tnip ilio fi'-nd 
witli l{nxbiirgb[w«iindrrKin(,II(.)ni:iiT,l!in<t 
ICaUI. 01' I (ill union''. Ho iriu onn of thn 

eommiisionitwnppoinlcdin IBOTtonc-pioiliu 
BCCi-pliiuCf of ■ contilent modenilor* ' by lUe 
prwbjtpry (ft. vii. 8T0). After a futvii^n 
joiiriiiiy lilt WAS np[H)inwil oiiu of iiw K^utle- 
moii-in-iirdinnrT tn Henry, jirinc* of W'al^g. 
Ho wiu" nliio friHinontly rmployi-'l on spnpinl 
miwion* to Scoillnnd. On 1.1 Xov. I6i;j bo 
rwigned t\\e ciiptninov of ibo (funrd in fn- 
vftur of Sir Aiidti-w Ucr of OxMiliBnie, in 
ord)^r lo altt<ud on ibe kint^'i non. Obnrlc^^. 
In ibe bo^-inniii); of Fubrunrv I'llfl Cburliui 
Maxwell of TrrrL-gl™ ax-'oiue^ Kur of saying 
Mm^tbin^ alioiit tbi? Duhe of Buddng^nm, 
wbicb Ifd lo n duel hi NewmarkM. Mnx- 
weU was slniii. Mnxwoll wn* clearly xh" 
olfnndinii; purTy, iind a vvnlicl of innii>-1au)i:h- 
lor bavingbcnn rntiirnfd nt t.hci comnrr'* Jn- 
qiirsi.. Kw, aftiT nix roonibn' bmiiibmi-ni, n.-- 
ceivud a sjiei'iul ]iHnton on I'^l Ocl WM. In 
10'23 Ker Joined I'rini-L- Cbnrli^s iu Ftiiain u« 
(rnitlemanoftbcbedcbaniberc Vtriirvraiirrt, 
Oamdim Soo. 18.13, p. 107). In Ajiril folW- 
iDj; n peiuion wiu OMUwod on bim and bin 
■wife. On (b«aco<uMon of (.'bnrlr-j in IfiL'S 
be was promoti^d to he n lonl of i\k bt-d* 
clinfliber. .Siib^eiiiicntly be was inudi> uinii- 
tnr of tbi«pri>-ypiir*>', and on tbenccasion uf 
Ibe DoroDutioti of ('iiiiries in 8co||and wns 
in 1633 (-•rciitpd Karl of AiicniD, Lord Ni»- 
bot,Lau|fn«wton.and linlpbinton. I>n7 Jan. 
1034-&lieobtuiu(!d a Rnini. furn-ven rcanof 
the teiii-aliillirjg imponi on ibe ton of fciri-i^fn 
flutvll, and of tbc foiir-sbillinK ini]H]>>l ]iuid 
by tbcDiakoHof slarcb in ibe kiiij^lom to 
(he kinjt, 300/. a year of tho grnnt (Kiing ro- 
starred for tho langyCaL Statr Pii/irri, ftom. 
Ser. 1U34-."., p. 45i). On 'JS.Tnne isrfj* ho 
refvived ]iuweni for ihirly-oue yenri for iho 
dUcoTcry of ambT^iyrinundlbingHloat at vto 
{it.iSa»,f.bi7). Un^l'Aug. be ws* uoroi- 

n&ted ft member of ibu rommiaaion on cot- 
tag«e, and alao of that ajipointml to iaauin 
into breacliM of the law sk^uM tlie latang 
ofoxesMivaiUBi7(A.pp.«ti-d), OnS38^. 
hfi roadf a complaint r^pinlini; crrtaio gnM« 
out of hi* porqui»ileK lo othom, oxplainiac 
that liii dilittcnci- in encournfiinK tbo itaral 
trado had raiiwd the value (i6. )03»-9, p. Bl), 
and the niatlorwHH rvfrrred to Uie atlorrwf- 
(renenl(i». 1630-40, P.O-J). On 38 Hatch <tf 
ilie folloiringr ^r a pension of 2fiO(H. ptr 
nnniim irns aswgn<>d lo liini and lii* wifofor 
both ib-rir lit** (■*. UWS-i>, p. (HO). IU 
Kerns lo barn rtitired fronilbiM>IBcnoifp*i»y 

Sium- iu tbf I'lid of l-'i-bruarj' of ihu yMj 
ur in April be tMuived a (ti<icbar]|Tti (or tu 
vaau receiTw) br liim up to tlus wenout 
March (A. 1630, p. 100). In October IMO 
hii^ irife r<?ceivi]ul a gifl of 1,700/. in raeos- 
nilion of her iwric™ na gorcniAM to UU 
thrnn princcoMM and aUo to tho Dahe oC 
Oloucoler (ib. ItUO-l, n. 17:i>. Allhoa^ 
Ancrum '« son Williwn, Ibird r«rl of Lotliiao, 
jointid tbe covenant ins party. Ancrum him- 
self continued failbful to tlie royaliai cause 
during the whole of the puritan conflict. He, 
however, rtmiaiiicid nlonf from pablic Itlfiutt 
from 1«41 to ll!.'iO. On the dmh ofCliaTlM 
liP rL'lired to Amilrnlam. Ho died Ihei* in 
fttcal pDVL-rly towardu Ihocloieof Itiiil. Ilii 
dofid bwly was arn»tiid in May 1W>5 by bi< 
(•ruditors'to oecunt paymenl of bis (IcbtM, 
but tbrT>uL'b tbo iutemiedialion of Croontrdl 
with (be Putt'h anibortties dirvclionfl irtfs 
t'ivpn lliNt the funeral should not be dit- 

Ancrum wan twico mnrripd. By lu< 6nt 
wife, Eli«nbeth. dnuchtiT of Sir John Mur< 
my of Bldpk barony, lie bud one ton, WiUiun 
Kerr [<]. v.], who married Anne, eouat«tia ot 
Lolbisn,nn(Iwa«crcnied 'bird oiirl of Lothian 
31 Oft. lfi.11, ^y hi» Sfct-nd v.\h, I^jf 
Annn Stnnloy, dnn)ilitnr of Willinm, aixlli 
carl of EiiirnbL-ib Vkp.; bo hadon* 
Hon. (-'hiirlei, uurl of Ancrum, und cewraL 

Ancrum was n man of cultivated taMel, 

and lived on terms of inliinaey with lunu 

of th«i most famous litemiyraen of his tima. 

including John Sonne and I>rummi>nd of 

1 1 II wi bom don. Hi* 'Sonnet in Prntiu) of » 

Solitary hifct," sent in ItUJ lo Urummond, 

wiiH publiebed in l^ruminond's irorkri, and 

fi'prin'i^d in IS'H in bis own 'Correnpood- 

I ence/ While ohroiMl be uUo wrote a motrt- 

colTonionof tho Pmlms, to &t them lo lunea 

I hi bad heard them tung to in tho Low 

' Ciiuntries. Tlieee havu bi^i^ nUn pnbliibod 

in his 'Oorri?spondpiice,' lli.^ jiorlruit, by 

I IHynnbncb, in iit Ncwbnttle Abbey, luid baa 

I btfwUDngravcdinbis'C'orTefjKiudenoo.' Tli«ro 



ia sbo Ut M^TWd lortnit in Wnlpole'a 
>B^«1 wtd Nobb AiiilKire,' aail in I'inkcr- 
um'» ' ImiMffnpliM Hcoiica.* 

[Baf . P. C. Soul. n-U. ; C*l. »«• Pii«». 

, Dan. 8«*.. reifp oT CliarWli Sir JainaM Ht^- 

I fosr'* Annd« of Scotland; CarmfondMim ur 
Sit Bobtct Ktr. Rirl i>f Ancruni. utii bit acm. 
WilllAB K«r. thiI^I^UH<IrL<llll>ILl>, IHT'^ ^'"1- 
BoU'a Konl ftiiil Notile Aut)»nk ni. fark ; I'ln- 

' iMCtaa'a uoDOsnphk Smkuh: Doiurlu*] ■''cot- 
tith PMn«*{Wood). \i. i^.^.^ T. F. 11. 

KER, SiH TIKIS! AS(il5ti6), 'if Femit- 
bint, vldnt mm of Sir John Kit of Fi-rnir-- 
liirDt, br liu wife Oilburiiir. duugbtor of Sir 
Atulivw ErrofCnufDrd [ig. ir.].BUcowili.Kl1iU 
tuhn in Jiilv I^fG:!. His fntlii>r irni^ mooiiJ 
•on of AiMlrow Ker of Ferawliin'i [i|.v.j 
SttfMim wero giwa in Aii^iut of llu tuae 
jimitorhMaofieunnci: brforn Ibo council in 

, NoTcmber {Aiy. P. C. Scott, i. lilO), in cou- 
•eqnCDCe of the tvod betvtwa thu Kurs and 
tbo Statu of BiKcli^udi, but on U Dec. lie 
wu frMd rhNo all blBiu« (ill. i. i!S7). Ill 
Uerembir LVtl lie wm wanW in lhr> rnsilp 
of K(UabuTghf<7r ■benon-fwpiipiiiofc'rTiiiiii 
t«ind« to the conuoftidator nf Jnllmrgh lib. 
i. 301). Hn wa* odd of the tDoEntx-Ts »( iIid 
{WITJ council BMcially cImuvii in IlitUi on nc- 
ciiMal the tiniuof ib« I>aral<^ marriage, and 
in Ociob«r Ml teoiM the qu«#Ti in llie ' Roond- 
about Kaid' to Dumfries. While iu ibe 
•anUMTB diBlricts llivi qiie«n d>nininiu!o<) 
bim 10 rainc Ihe roval rUiuUni at tli" ln-nd 
oS hi* folloVRN, oniil placnl hnntnlf undrr liia 
inmrdiate prntortian. (>n th« nir«|iu of llii' 

J linen from Lochlsven in irilW Krr juinwl 
(T at Hamillao. Allbtiui;)) lu> li^'in^ ill-- 
faondof Trviotdale, 10 April I Jifid, in support 
ot tbe antliorilj of tlw Kgeni on tli«i liofoen 
(A. i.6A)),bi* naatnteiuDrcof IwrderiliioTM 
comdlcd ibo regent to mokn a (jtrdal nx. 
enmoB into Ltddnidale in ibv f«llowin(iS«^ 
temb«r (CAi.BEH«ooD,ii. IKUi). 1[<! mudu no 
cn«KF*liiiniI of tbe proteclton ffiTPO by liiin 
ta Ibe Eari of W^ntDiorlaiid on bis llitrlit 
^Ac^^EDglatid in November, and Douglas of 
■■h told Sir lUtph Sadler Ihat 'hi* 
P^P^K'f^'irTiiciiuw Kor] 'nml nol iki much 
' tnr thf t»v.-nl a* ih* niftrtil cnti^l for him ' 
(Kltiu:!!. -Stulr I'apfrt, ii. 1 U I. CuviT* nlno 
Afinaed thai Kit «->■ n-vll sbloloniK) thn-i- 
UmmmimI mi^n 'wirhin bli own rul-?.' Kc-r 
aiul 8ooU of I)u«clvueli wete luiipoAod to 
hava bail lonM kno^'ledgs of tli* cuURjiirai-y 
■gtidit lbi> n-Rvnt, and tm tbe mghi of iht- 
nicrdtT tnadi- an I'XcnnUm into thp KnglUh 
bordcmj'not lo tDorhfor (rn-cdinem ofi^tilv 
M to pmrokc the Unfrliih iCiLniaiwooD, ii. 
CIS; also llESttlE», Mem<-ir>, p. 1:11). In 
Fcbruarj Im n«t with ibe Uamiltoua and 

□ih<?r* at l>lnasow,u-hencethej«ent a iMtifr 
to Mortiui declarinc their ijennr^uoe of the 
BKcnt in lh« repint^ mordnr, and profsHiiw 
tWr willingnou to consult with tbf rMt^ 
|i.6SI>). Iter alM about thi- kamn timuwroto 
a li>ttpr In hig fnther-in-luw, Kirkcnidy of 
(Irnnuf, offering In ijuiet llie borders if the 

?ueen of l-^iigland ' would Wtj lier army' (ift.) 
II Agiril, Su»i-x and Lord llnntdoii entered 
Souilund, and, bi»idei mraicinff tho land* of 
I KtT, drinoliiibed bin ciutlc of Fi-micbiMt, 
I which rvinaiiiKl in ruina till 1A98. In 1570 
Ker onipiivd, al'nis with Lord Herriui aad 
Othcni, to Hiirnri*" Kdinbiirgli, hut the jiro- 
jiirt mi*cnrri<iil (Hnntttis, Mrmuirt. j>, 180). 
Sulisiijii-mtly ho joined Kirkcnidy of fimnge, 
j in the cniillL- of J-Uiinhurgh, with '•owmty 
I gpearsor ihcreuhout '(CiLlniHWOOU.iii 7R). 
I lie steo bruughl with liim hia cliarter elirtt, 
' which nt the Rurreuder of the csnile was de- 
' ^troyrd by lilorton. fiy the party of tho 
' qiicno K<-r wan chot^n provMt of tie city 
'of tMinburtih (Hi:niiiB>, .Vrmiii'r/, p. 13M). 
He wii» ono of ibiMw fiirfuiind nt ih" pnrlia- 
lui-nl of the opiKHilc party bold nt Stirling; 
in August l-)71 (Cauikrwooei, iii. l^t'M. K>-r 
tookjiart iu the r«id of SqitciulHT, In nhicti 
Ifi^nnox waa slain. The borUtrvni undt-r 
him and ScoU of liuocleuch bi-^u to piltagvg 

SmmiitiiTcly, and a x&lly put ibe raiiltro lo 
ifht (IlKiiHii^sp. UH. In ihH followiui; 
ttelobfr Knr ai4eiiibl>.'<l a force lo altat^ii 
Jrdburgh, nod im accoiiitt of complainls 
of the itiiinbilantu u Imod irm on V2 Feb. 
1571-2 »uh*cribcid for hin pTir»uit (U*^. I'. C. 
fktjtl. ii, 117), Som-.* lime before the sur- 
ri'iidi-r of the cnstle of tklinbursh he KOugbt 
nifiijitt abroad, but through the inltuenc« 
nf Fun4 Stuart, earl of Ltnnox. lie ob- 
Ininml liwaiim to retiini lioine at the oloie of 
1579. AliUouifh tclinrrd to liave been di- 
rectly iiniilicnti'd in tbn niiinliT nf Ibimley, 
, Ker, at Ibu i-xcmliun of Mnrton on 3 Juno 
l-Vtl on ihf chnrKi- of linviiip bw-n ' nrt nnd 
[jnrt ill the murder.' stood ' in a oholt oTor 
uuniiihl the M-HtTold, with hi* larffe rulllcn, 
dtiliithting in rhid *|M.-tliieIi'' (C\uiekwood, 
iii. W-*»). Shortly nfterwnrd><h<?wn8 ri-«tored 
to bis ratntf*, nnd on :?'i Xov, ICK! be n>- 
cvivi-d fiv>m ptrtinnicnt a furiniil nnd ftill 
pnnlon. Ili; Kinliniiod i-> Ik- one of llin rhi-f 
s'll-ptviu-ni of I^'iitiox, BccoinniinyitiK liim 
after the ItiiThvi-ti mid tu UlnaKOv, Un 
% Nov. Ker fnitcl in an iltMilpt lo aei» 
! Fdtnburitb It'A, {>. l^lil). At the ovneral a»- 
, wmbly of ihe kirk h-^ld in Oclobor of this 
I n-ar tbn wui»n of lloddinaton woro en- 

i'niii(-d tocnllhefnrc tliPEiitlK-'Lairdof Faniio- 
lirst, hia wife, and hii dniittbter,on th«cbarg« 
I of going to mnta in Franoo and oth«T part* 

beyond sen,iind also to KOiiire tliCTu to sub- 
Bcfibu ihe cuaft-fsidn of f&itli (16. p. G8£). 
In 16ftl Ker ima appointed warden of tu» 
mlddto marcJies ana Imnwr of I.iddMdab. 
During' a i»««tiiig hnld by liim on 27 Julj 
16tlA willi Sir .tohn I'anut^, Ihi? Kngliah vna- 
dqn.nfrnf arnsnbi^t.vroNi the ttcota anilBng- 
lith, ill tVondf, lonl Ruiuell, was 
fiitoll; wounded. The BnglisU auBpeciwl 
thia to W a dtilibeniie plot of FernieKir*t, 
promjitml by Arnin, to break olT the confer- 
CDD15. Th^'Seottish kioer Ullnd for n limi; 
of M-udiu^ tliom into England to ha triiHl, but 
aflenrnMs cbangod liii' mind. On 18 Aug. 
Feniwhirei nppMirod bnforp lliv oouncil and 
mtdvaderlnrulinnahtolTiiiK Armn fnnn nil 
CCiU)«ctinniritlitlicmurdur(7ff$'. i'. C.Scoti. 
to WTird in Abtrdcen, where h» died •oaic 
time in lliBO, He ia d««ciibod br Oainden 
•a ■ a aiout and able irunior, ready for any 
gTvnl atU'iiiptan<luii[lvirinkiii|(,nndof ftnim- 
mtirrtliU- ildiilily In Iho (jueun of Scots and 
the l:mR-,hrr»on; having bwn once or twice 
tiimril out of kll liii lands and fortunes, and 
boiiuhL-d the sight of bis couDIrj and cliil- 
drvn, which yoC he endured patmicly, and, 
sAm 60 many croBi«s falling upon him to- 
nUier, porsistod untihnlccn and alwnyn like 

«f Orange [q. T.l bo hnd a itm, Andrew, 
who succcodsd aim. nud two duu^bli^rs : 
Janet, marriod, fint lo Sir I'atritk Iltiaii' of 
Polwarib, Bnd H*i)ndlj- lo Thomas eerl nf 
Unddinpton: and Murpirvi, married tn Kn- 
bntticcond lord Mi^lville of Mnnimuil. Hy 
Uk Moond wifi.-, Jani'i, sitter of ^ir Wullir 
Scott of Diiccleitrh, bn had thrro inns: Sir 
from bis fnthnr the lands of Uii>nhami-: and 
Itobart [tcv CiaE, RoBBsr, Eari. of Someb- 
bst], the fiirourilu of King Jainu ; and a 
daughter, Janet, married to John, lord 

tauilM's Sinip Papers; B«g. P. C. Scotl. volii. 
i-iv.: Lordll(trrii«'*M<nioirii(BHnl:iatyn<iClob}l 
Oaldemiiod't Hist, of tho Ctiunb ci( tStiitlind ; 
Dongiu'a S«ot^ah Peemgo (Womll, ii. 133-4,] 

T. f. H. 

KER, Sni WALTKR (d. 1584 *), of 
Oewfurd, vldoit ton of Sir Andrew Kcr of 
OeMl\ird [q. v.}, br hit wi(i» AgnuLdaugblcr 
of RolMTt, second lord Criohlon of SanouJiar, 
woe taved hoiT to hia father 13 Mav 1(88. 
U« had cbarttiTs of varioua lands on 38 April 
and 31 Sent. l64S,and in IMS he received the 
lands and baronr of Cestford, with ibe caslle 
rf the wnio and liieir nnncxnn ( /(ly. Mag. Si^, 
lSI3-46,«atrT37e«). In Ootohi-r 1S63 Sir 
Wa]t«r Scott of Buceleuch wM killtnl in the 

High Sitvot of Edinburgh in n nocturiMl n>- 
counter with tbt^ Kvn. hvailed by Sir Walter 
of OeMfurd. On 8 Dea ihej- rwuiioaed tb* 
pri v^ council raganliog the ' unliappy dtane*,* 
offnnng to submit to annhing to Mm tbtir 
live* and hnritego* (ttig. i'. C. Smtt. I ISS). 
Itwaiidncidndliiai ( tipy should bo bwiiahcdto 
1-Wice, bui on lit )Iuv l^A tlivjr rtecind • 
full parduu (r6, p, Mlf. On ft Aug. of thif 
year CeM^ml. with John Kpf of Ffniivbitvl 
and Andrew K^r of Hinicll, *igiu.-d a Ixind io 
be ' Imll and trew men ' lo Jnbn Tlaaiillon, 
nrcblMshop of Si. Andrrw*. and Jamva, Mrl 
of .Yrrnn, &e. (Hfimilinn M.'iS,, Jlitt. MSS. 
Cumm. Uth Iti-p. App. pt. ri. p. ;KI), On 
'iS Aug. ISiill he iriia uu|i">inli>d on« of U» 
CununiMionera lo tiviit for the runsomiDg ef 
prisoners ukC'U by ihu Eiii-lieh iu the tUt 
war {Oil. Slat" P^iwr*, Fur. Ser. 16W-9, 
efltry 13(36), Castfunl at a catholic *ym- 
nnthitinl with tht nuMn-r«gnnl. but in April 
1660 he came with Lord llnmi; to tbe 
camp of the lordi of tliu congrL-gatiun (i7. 
Scoit, 8er. p. HO). (Jn tlie mtimi of lie 
young QucMi Mary lo Scotland Ceisafurd was 
reappoinli^d to bis old office of wanlun of th* 
mlildle nurche* iJIry. P. C. £mtf. L 160). 
Whnn th« chipf« of the border t^lans vnm 
ordcmd iu Ifid? to cntirr thv oaillo of Kdin> 
burgh on the protmt that they might binder 
the BUcccBs of ItolhTroll'i i>\pi.-ditioa into 
DdilfuduK-, CcBrfiml. ' a weill-mnuiiiig ButB, 
nuspi'Cting notiiing,' wasihe only ooeirxcvf* 
KcTijf Feniiehirflt wboobyi'd (Csldekwood, 
ii. SilO). He nas one of Ibe chief Iriaden 
aiiaiust llie qncen al Cnrbi^rry Hill (A. ». 
SdS), and nliii at Ijingfiido, whi-ff bo fougbt 
»(li> bysiih' n-ith Lonl llnmn (Sin Jixw 
SlHi.viLi.B, Mcm'iirt, p. '_*0!). On S April 
1509 hu si^'ni'd ibe bond of Tf viol dak-, pnv- 
mining olwdiL'ncL- to ihu rvgent (Aqf. r. V. 
i. tK>8), and hn s-^rviil undt-r Morion at th«> 
ftlege of Edinburgh, When Ker of Femi»- 
hirst and olherJ of the qnocn'B party ad- 
vanced to phind'T Jfdbnrgli in L^i I, Inn in- 
hnbiiRnts >i>iit ToOiArnrtlforaanManeOfand 
by hi* aid nud that of Lord Itutlivcn thm 
wnrc compk-trlv routed (CUJDBHWOOD, iii. 
li'iu). Ceiafunl wm one of those who, imder 
Atboll and ArgvH, look up arma agUBM 
Morton in \h~^. In L'^:; lie Hgned thebond 
which lesulted in lb<.- rnid of Ituibven. Ilo 
died in lfi84or IfiM. Hv his wifn Iuib«l,daiif b- 
tcr of AndrfW Kpr of I'Vmii-hirtt [q. x.\ bt 
had two »on« ; Andmw, who prthdeceOMd 
liim, and William, warden uf the middle 
marcheii: and two(langkten:Agneo, married 
to John Ediuonstoime of Edmonstoune, and 
Margaret.toAlexunder, fourth «aTl of Home. 
[R«g. M«ff. Sie. Scot. tdI. i. ; Itog. P. C. 
Scot). Tcli. r and ii. ; Cal. State Papen, For, 





Sm-.. (vign of nbftbMli; CUd«r*oad'e Uii>t«T7 
tt \ht C3iuRh «f Sratlud ; US8. of Uio E«rl of 
Sew* (UiM. Hi's. Com». ISUi Ktf. Ape. riii.t; 

Ptanc" (Woaiy ii. i1&-«.} T. F. H. 

Staxkopb awl CXxTsma «r CsisTEKnEi.i> 
(rf. 1«07>. [Sw KiittiiOTES.] 

KERNE. Sn; EDWARD (rf. 1681), dipio- I 

Drciiiw- or I'uineMOinH axd ArnmsT 
(1 IMO-1 ~>'U ). u-ni I be (jiler of I be two dniiKli- 
ten of UuUUumo de Penancott, nicur ila 
KCrmuUo, a OMongentIeinnnorvi>rT>ncicnC 
Umm|^ irhoi^ wilV wos throimh lirr motliiT 
OMwecMil witli tbe Ua Rtriuc. Evelim.wlio 
lude tbe eMiuintuico of bur patviiiii ou 
their Tieii (» LagUndin 107&,rirMenI««Miii 
•ccount ofth(3B(Di'(iry. ii. 810). iWonl;^ 
hrollwr, SvbMtian, look part id tbn r«mpiii|p 
in Outdie under tbe liuko of Knaufon in 

10D9 <FoRS8W>X>. IWforn tliiR dale Lottiao 

dr Kbuualle had become maid of bonoiir lo 
HoirwttB, (InrlK'M of Orlcana, tiiu <iist«r of 
CbulMfT. Inl'i'OabeaocxnnpBiuHdloBiig- 
land Um Pacbnu of Orleaiu, «hu nu nego- 
tialioglbefiW treaty of D<M'or. Tlwre !» no 
PCOOJ of tbx riittencx at tbu limo ot aoj' 
dasini to rolablicU t>i-r M tlm tniMrvM of 
Clanw n. Itui lie «ra* g^mwing irtun- of 
Ladj OMtl«nuuDe. Th* <a«cc prodncMl on 
Um bj- hb aUier'it aiwndaiit wa* at once 
etmooa, and probably mtitribuli.'d t<> e pro- 
loBKBlioa nf tli« nif^iittioiu. A eoldncM 
<m tbnpen of Cbn»lciitinfBrdB]j>ui»XIV re- 
eiilt-<t fi»m tlu- ruddrn rk-nlh of ibe IhlchcM 

of OrlmiiH after Iwrtvluni lo France (June), 
and l^uiv- di- K<naall« wa» tberevpoti wnt 
back to Ei^anil, CliartM ordorinfc n roytX 
jacUt to meet ber at (Vlaii. C>n arriving in 
London (be «*■ natDcd maid of buauui lo 
QneMi Catbi-rinr. 

Hlk. df K/roualU at fit«t pUyed bpr 
gSBia eo cautioiialir U to dispirit the Fnrncli 
Bmbwaador, ColWiTt de Croiaty. In No- 
TembM* Krel^n lint taw tlie ni-ir ■ fnmoiia 
b«auly,lMt to my opinion ofacbildinli.Hinpl*, 
and hnliy face* llhary. ii. SM). (Iradualty, 
bowcTvr, hnr eharmn and ber coyaoM pro- 
vailml, anil lb<^ mlniitrm bi-.gui to pay court 
to bcr. Ihitiii;; a iHijriiurTi of tke k'mg at 
NmriDarki-t abu wat, in October ICil, in- 
Ttted to l^y ArIiiii,-1on'd coiintij b^t of 
£«wt«i, wben*, wiib ibe oo-ofteniiion of ilio 
Freseb ambaandor and otbers, *ba iru cita- 
bUMied a> int>(T«ii n tilrt (A. ii. 2^~ 
SST), ljOiii« XIV (tat bfr congratulalioni; 
andTtliouRb, noiwittintandinx ber entreaiin, 
C^rici d«layi!d bia preftaiion of aatholiciain, 

the dficlaration nf war ui'sini't tlin Piitt'h, in 
Bccordanoe witli lliclrwitydf llfiviT.m-ainot 
long in caminff (Marcli 11*72; of. Mmb. DI 
S£via3[t,ed. Honmerquf, l''i<i', ii. r>lti>. 

On 39 July 1673 Ijouiee boTo tbe Icbg a 
*ou, C'barW Ijmaox, flric dak* of lUebmoad 
[q. v.] Hat for a time her poaition waa un- 
cenain (cf. 1^. iv.lSft^). Although nniTor- 
nnd' catliclic, atie oevertideM mntrivod to 
bold li«r «wn, and hanBor be«u, at tli* N^nett 
of Louis Xr^^, natnTaliaed aa an Ennliah 
eubjwi, bIi« waa on 19 Ang. leTS crmtedl 
Baronem Prterafield, ConnleM of Panliam, 
and Duchnt* of Portmoutb (DoTLE). Th» 
ducal tillo nt linit grtinted to htr, but immo- 
dirvtely allrmi, ia eaid to have bf^a that of 
P«idL'iini!>. In llic same year ahr waa sworn 
lady of tlio bi^obamber to th« ifUfcn (it.) 

In 1674 CbarlM indiici^d Louta XIV t« 

KBl i]ieduclie>v,wh>>n-Baol>Iif(cdlo8Mludft 
•elf el ilio lime, tlio tiL-f of Aubigny in 
llerrr, with n>mainder lo surfi of Iwr aainnil 
bint. The fiafhadrcven«ltnl he French crown 
iu December I67S by the dentb of Charlea 
Stuart, duke of Richmand. on wbiwc family 
it bad been firei bwtowrd by Charl«* VII 
of France in 112L' (COLUits. i. 182: Doti-b, 
iii. IW; LlSolltD, WU cilil. ISJw, ix. 268- 
257). Tbctitleoflhichcwof Aubif[iiy,cBrry- 
iii(t with it tlip coretod right of a talnmrtt 
at thcFrotich court, waa foTlbepreeenl with- 
held. The diiifftBce of Buckingham at tho 
lime w» widely attribuiod in lior influencA 
(B8»t»BTf pn. laS-S). In Dromnber 167* 
an anniuty ot )U,(X>CV. waa fptil«l upon her 
out of tlie wine liccnitca. In tlu^ nann.- montb 
the king nndowod tlic Ducbcas of Poria- 
rioRO lo Pliilip Herbert. Hcveutli earl of Pena- 
hrSkv [tn> under HerdERT, PlIlUF, fourtfa 

eoil]. In Augusl 107& tbe duehe«ar'* eon, 
Charles, waa created Pulre of Richmond. 

Puring Ihn adminiatratton of Danby llio 
Duchrw of Portnnoutb cowiiiMiily exerted 
herniilf to kpop diarlut in dependfriicT! on 
France, notwiiliaiaoiling Iiii outward jin*- 
t(.-ncM 10 ih«' contraryi but abe waa anxiooA 
to keep on npuod tefnu with Danby (A. p. 
16C), to wLom it ia eaid that abo at oa* 
time inanled a diare of hir favour*. He^ 
aacpndeeicy orer ihn king, whirb sevmed aa- 
*ur<d by tlio retirraupnt from court of th« 
DucbeH of ClctTJand, wos imperilled bjT th« 
arrival in EuKland, about iho end of IflTR, 
of IIoTteiiaia Btaacini, duclieee of Miuiario. 
The riaing influence of Monmnutb wu also 
used againit her. Yetin theconirttirbichen- 
ined(*ee Waiuin'apoem, The TriuU C&aAat, 
1076; JUchttitr'i Fanvtlt, 1660), altbMgb 




ab« found lilllf support eitbcr at court or in 
the pulilic at largu, tlip dutliPM wait in the 
«nd alto^tbi-'r auccossful (s«b FoRSEEtos, p, 
H3). At till- clone of ltJ77 ftlu> Ml nerioiiBly 
ill but Dutiutttiued lienwlf in power, with tiie 
Lulp of IJnrillon, t h- ntiw Frwich ambAwMlor. 
Oil the oiitbrvnkof t bo' I'npiih plot'lroublfi 
tlie diich»M wni tliorouRbly rrlKhtirmil. aud 
incJiTini to fly to Fnuice. On 2a April IISi'J 
■he wu reflected on bynanw in botn hoiiwa 
of pnriimnwit. but no further step was i«k«n 
«eiiiniit hc!r()iERB(BT,p. I<i8; cf. A. SiDXEir, 
Lftt^a to II. Sarille {1742), p. 40; but M<e 
FOUTBSDX, p. 17" notp). l(y iriiy of pn— ', 
cautiOB, khe hereupon nuulo advnnoo* to ' 
ShaiWbafT, Uid sought to iiiftralialv her- 
Mlf with Monmouth, with thu help of lit-r 
confidnnliul nervnnt. tlw notorioii* Sir*. Wnll 
(cf. H. SlBSKT, Diaiy, H. 23, mid i. IW)-1. 
and uoIl'. t'oKXEnox renido ibii uuppoml 
li-tien of ihp diichdw to MonmoitUi in tho 
British Musrum oa fbrgvrira). At the «iuue 
titan *hi> took Rpooial pains to Brciire the 
eonfiduece aud |p>odwi]l of the I'riin'u of 
Oru^ (II. SiDKET, Diary, i. 10, tic), nnd 
COntriTed to n-tuniii on gowl ttnan with tlu; 
Duke of York lib. ,. Ka, im. AlthouBh' 
■he wim ucviir tnon; iinjioiiiUnr, Uit inllueticu 
oret llin kinit rcmnincd uiilffoken desjiite bis 
periodic^nl iutideliliM. In Dei'iMiilK-r 107)1 
iLo Tomovul of brnelf and Siiiidi>rlniid from 
court wiu onn- more di'uiuiidud by iHirlm- 
mnnl. nnd fttie divuinl it priid--nt to disniiv 1 
her cutliutic »en-auls (»S. p. 217). There 
Menu DO doubt that Hiie wnn bmujiiit I" 
fafuur the Bii'lii^-ion Itill on nnuvoidable in 
ilwlf And likelv to ndvitnce thii inivruit of 
cf. CuKXI!, Li/e 'ifJamct II. i. l>15). Roth 
•ha and Nl'II Cwvn vrvrv ul Oxford during 
tlie pBTliainenl of liJ>il (l.t-rrui;:.!,, Lni. 

During the renmiiidnr of the rcinn fhe wiw 
ii. 2*2(1 «>qq.f ll^r reetinsof «eaurity in Wl 
iliowu by her visit to l-'T>nco fn>ni Mnrvh to < 
July lilMi, which wiw ol first n-pri^icntixi by 
her L'ni.-niirtiiii brr finnl witbdriiwul, and nun 
•ttnbutml to thcDuknof Vork'sn-wnlmeDt. 
Sbo hod ningndy. in November \*M, pn-^ioil 
for hi» retuni from Soollntid, wiih n vi'^w 
to bin Jettliug on her 11 rrnil-clinrKe of ri.OOII/. 
on ibo revenue of ihn )H»t-i)lliee for ^IW 
years, io be mnde up to him out of the extipti*, 
■nd, ibouph the pliinfrll througli, 1>i» r-cnll 
followed (M*cn(tB»ox, Original t^pm,'\. 
129 eeqq. ; Life i^fJamot II, 1. 722 »e(|i).) In ' 
fVunce oho ncl ^'nK '" n^'fi'i-'cl by tlw waten 
rfBourbon, will 'I »li' siwui part of May and 
June with Lody IVrobroke^hulaUoitnjBglb- 
eiied her i«»itloa at \'erf«ille». St^itnou 
^eicribM her worm recqition at the l^^enoh 

court. She al:^ paid s Ti^ii to lir mioih «I 
Aubigny. On her rel am to Kn^laad >he Fouad 
tho king and tlio Uuke of York on ooidul 
term!, aud conlrircd to bring atvial the reap- 
poiDtment of Sunderland lu secretArj of Male 
(A. i. 730). Sbe ridr^d with lb>che«ter is hii 
NotJitng could now alialto ber away om 
the i-oiY^-aled kin^not even hi* i**loiMJ of 
ber intrigue with Philip de VrjidJinie, wnom 
Charles proved unable to drive out of the 
uountl^, till lioui* XIV, anxiou* for (ke 
maintenance of theducheiu'aatoondency, bed 
brought about hiJ) ivtiirn to France (Fov.i^ 
Itow; »oe IUnh^ud. Utrliam^ntaiy DriatM, 
xxxW.ti37). Ttwited by both king ami dokn 
aart mcmbcrof the myal family, ibe took part 
in negoiinting the ranrringr of ilw ("rincBM 
Anue with IViuce tieorge of Denmark. The 
wa« granted her by Loui« in tetters patent 
of January IttKI, nnd a yft*r Intnr the Duke 
of Iticbmond was nniurnliu^d in France, in 
onlm to ba able to luecood to her nctolca tad 
lillo there, 

Iler apleodid apartment at the end of ibt 
gallery al \VhitT<hall CEtbi.tji, ii. 314, 41t^ 
4-20: cf, n. SiDKBT, i. 208) WM. accordinff 
to Kvelyn, ' Iwin> or thrice puU'd down and 
nibuilt to uilirfy her nmdignl and expcoiire 
plenauna;' it wn» ultimntety burnt dnwM, 
n-itb ull the buildingt ndjciining, 9 April 
1891 {KTEttX, iii. S3: ct. AtiliMaffrvpiiyi/ 
AVr J. J/raffufmt. CamdeD Soc. 1840, p. 36&), 
When the post-offioe job failed, «lie Wl bem 

allowed 10,000t a quarter out of th* Prtvy 

Hi llie «nniii pnid to her vnrind, and in 1681 

nmount«d tu tile euormoui total of l.tO.tMISJL 
None of the king's other mistnwieH appear 
to have approached her m rupaeity | ^ee J. Y. 
AKKii)i4?f, SrrrH Serrirt"^ CJuirlr* II and 
Jaw* 11, ll>Tl>'rM, Camdnn Snc., DiUil, and 
the comnientii of I'onxKKOS). 

IJuriiig Cliarles's fatal illncM die vrai «!• 
eluded from the royal olminber: but, MMxmU 
ii>g (o lUrillon (cfC C. J. Fox, History ^ike 
lifiga of Jamfj II, edit. IfMW, Appendix, p. 
xii),it WOK ubi' who informed him oft he fcing^a 
m^mbembiportlie rhitrrhof Komn, and thn* 
obtained for him tie Iwt (^maolntioD* of Ilia 
faith. She iiHiiid to have sutipcetecl Jam«aof 
et IIalum, Ctjutiiurioml Ilirl. lUih edit. 
ii. 4tW note), laimrdinti'ly, however, after 
tlie dciilh of Charlw II nhe wn« vioited hf 
Jamc, and receivi-*] of^atiranci** of protcM!tio4t 
from both Liia and Loui» XIV. A »atn «x> 
ceeding 1 2,00(V., probably due to her on ber 
pmuion, wm at once paid. Rut, nolvrilb- 
ainndiug lite courtcttm of the king and ths 





liriQ of ItodbMltf , An grew uiicu}', and 
I tbitber dift|vwc*d by the dii<ini»al of 
^"BU^nand 6an ilu> mastpr^hin of tl>v horen. 
8ha dMind that tfac praiion of 3,<)00;. ofTercfl 
to Imt miffhl bo addixl totbnt of S.UOO/. pro* 
' B(M«d forWuMi; bul cUini«diiiT«lD(lii.-fiLl- 
. filmnit of a aappoAed ptomite b^' ChorlM 11 
of m Unn Into taM« or intcnet. Fully 
ftmra of thA geMral h«tr«(I sf;<un»i hrr, iiul 
■MtdMUif B of adirect attack in parl'inmRiit, 
au croMcd to Fnaoe, whrni iJic had larRe 
isTMlnenta, in Ati|nut IH^. 

In F^anoe ahe met wiili a mlil vvlromv. 
Altliougli ia a peraoual iutvrvi'^vr LDiiin XIV 
deanujrnl a fonual wntcticu of banialiiii«iit 
agaiaat 1i«r, *k>e woaa retnnud to Kngland, 
■nd renwined at niiitohall (EUU (Mrre- 
tftmbner, i. 178) till tlic cad of Jiik leSH, 
wlicn bnr *adden departure to I'mnov fp>ve 
rile to 'fTTvat <^t•^j«.'IunM' (it, ii. 78, 1(U>), 
At New Vvar lli^.) tliu Duke of ICIcliinond 
, gafie«xpUBatMaaio Louiaon Vlialf of liini- 
mU km oT hi* BBotW, will) wM rhni^d 
witb Mwndatflat iilirTaiiiw about llm liirtli 
of ibi> I'rinRo of Walm (hkStutui-, ii. -JMl); 
tlirra bad been an old nrudRu bctwi-cn Wr 
■nd <JuecB Mary of Mod^iu. At the tttmH 
^wie »bp nwte vain «n<lMt-oun to t«cbI1 to 
^pVilliais III Iwr fitrmcr (suppoaed) MrvicM 
P^B bis tnterMl (rf. Hsyitr SiuxitT in hi* 
IHary, &c., ii. 3Q7-8). Her praaion wm 
iritbdravn : in April lODI n flrc conMiimrid 
kor nnnrtmi-nla aiid tbc tn^aj^urva nmimii- 
Utcd III ibi-m : iDlIu! jirvvinu* ycir her faibirr 
bad died, and «rly in ICW Hicbnond left 
PraocplorccounlrhiiDai-lf lulhviu-w rfgimr 
tn Engiaad. Uu alluwancv waa graeioualy 
eoniinued M liw noilMf hy Louis XIV. 

Hi* ramaiiider nf hir lifr, chiefly npent on 
bciT •atBI4> at Anbiirny, whirh ilw manaj^ad 
witkmiielicarv^waxafttrutrRlnafpuntit peco* 
niary dilScullica, n myal doerre ymr aft«r 
raU^ngcxmitiuii. In ll)£l7slit-nH.'eir«id 
HUBUOn from Louis to visit London, bul 
riEUuB ni furbMli- her lanilinfr. lu 17(14 
UwMtatMOf Brillany rvluTianllj iMii<l linr 
■ ecoaptBBlkin fnrbnrfathRr'ii manor. appn> 
pnat«d bjr Ibr (rofpnimrnl for Ihr lurbour 
at Btvai. I'nder 111.; Tt-eeaej h<'r pwiiion 
wai raianl to lireuly th-.iusaiul livrm, and 
conrrrtMi into an auuuilj*. Sl.-dilQun in 
IflSspeaka of Iwraeold.eRibarruaed in her 
alTaln. and ' vury eonvarind and penitent* 
-iMtmaitr*. *dit. 1663, x. i»\ In 172-1 'hp 
iMt Iwr worthlc* ion, tbn l>ul«- of Itinh- 
mond. Slur died on 11 Nor. 173-1 at I'liris, 
wkitlwr aba bad jounwy«d to cdmuH lirr 
pbyaiciatiu. Slie was buried in (be? church 
of the BarefoottNl CannebtMi, in ihi- cliapi.-l 
bdonging lo the IV Ri«ux (ntuily. Ainoug 
Ihow who Hw bn in ber olcl a^ were Vul- 

taim,wliolhriiigbthnrsliII v<>rybFautiful,hcr 
great -gmnddaughter (ihn moilir-r of Ctiurlua 
Fox), tile fir?t I.0T1I llollnixl, atid (Iii<c>r^ 
SL-lwyn. Tile inUui-nCi; of llio diipliww vox 
duu in part To htrr coumaf, lu what \wt l>io> 
ifraphur loruis lier m>nt /rouf. nnd i<i hir 
bauncM capacity. Itiil tli>> chief suuroc of 
lier poww Iny of coureo in b«r pi^nanol 
bi:auty(Evi:LVS,/*»a/y,ii.2->31. Incontrast — 
to thL- IJiiclii-'u of (,'loveliuid, fho vas aaid U. 
tiniHof diAieiiUvluretyciurllyoR thoinllii- 

ii.lHi.) Tli«T«isnor»as<MiIo*up{Hwihat 
she had any literary loslec, though NBihiinii^t 
IiM dedicated two plays toiler. Alb<.-il rvcb* 
iMfly Mtraroipint, shi^ doo* not npuvnr 10 
haTCcarriod thuricuof eamblineln the 

oxIenlaitheDucbeaaofMaMfiu. Tliopi-oplet 
dulislcd 'Madam Oar*«ll'oir'C^reir.'ll,'na^ 
shv was Esmiliarlv called, mur« bvartily tliun 
any otlwrnf tboKing'a favunriteH. 

The earliwit porcmil of tJie Ducbms of 
Portamouth in a miniature bT^>n]IlllHlCMl|>«r 
[q. T.], who diod in IiJ72. (>iht>r portraiisof 
tier rvmain hy Lulr. Knellnr, H. (lOBcar, sntl 
Miguard (al tbe National Portrait liallTy), 
Engmvings of lier appvnr in wtcml urii-iat 
port mil* of lad ie# of the pourt of Fmn™ ( Koiv- 
XKROX.p. 19'>,notK,nniltA. p.i':t'). Her mil to, 
• Kn la mafl jn flourlK,' is still kinii- by her 
doKundonta, the Dulrae of Itichuioiid nnd 

f II- FonnTon'" Ifliiimt d" KJroanllf. PupIkmb 
i|r l^inumQuili (fariH, 18S6). in an DiMllpnE 

Kphy, uf wliich an Hngtiih inintlalinn \u» 
ntrablisjinl byMn-Cnuford (IHflSI. Op<>- I 
Itgnv ■ La Duchsata de PnttMnouth et la Cnur 
(htlaofi d«R Stuarti (Parin. ISOl) U valiifUw .. 
and blundMiog. 8m bIoa tb« bri«r an-oants <it 
HadomoioelU de K^nallo, DuchMSO da T'oit^ 
Bunilh. cr. la Due da BiohnmonC, nir flU,in Mvita 
iv. 49S-;: and ia L«tut« of WilUnm III and — 
Looia XIV. Sia.. td. P. Grimblot U818), roL i. 
, Ai>p.i.: ■'. II. JcM*'* GoftlaDd undrr tlio SiuoH*, - 
] rol, i\i. ; IWnfj of the Titua of Chnrlm II liy — 
Ilviiry*: Rarwl)/- 
*d- Curtwriylil; Durnrt's Uitt.of hii onu TiicK; 
IjiUtni du Mmr, do K^irignf. Of the •r^irhlnus 
»(tnrk« u|K.n llic ilBohtiB in TOf»*. tcwriux'i" l-jr 
Itoiihcslrr and othen aro wntninod in Potnut on 
Sutr Affiiir* (lOOT); aliv wo* aim altaiikiwl in 
Ihs Essay on &tirc. luieifbcd at (ho tint* l» 
DiydoD, Of the aitai-lu in prots, tlig mot% 
Dotahle is The Smtvl IliaLv^ iha DiwhcMof « 
PurKnioiiih. Luniloii, IGOO. of which a Frsacb 
IisnsUliuu wu publiahod in tho auno yaar. Il 
was followol byu sFcoodKottKiih iiilition.snlitlad 
Tim Life. .\ mourn, nnd .Sicret Hitt. of Fmnoelia, 
Ii. of P— li, lAodun, 1*34, and l^aneran aUlaa 
thai a Hvond I'lenoh edition likeaiw appmrtd. 
ll t> a romanoa in the New .\tHlnnlis «tyle, iv.a- 
taisinn, however, more fiicta thim fictiou. All 



Um o&rligr lort is tboet larcaUoB; th« r»< 
maiader in diT*MiA«d iij such cbotow u that of 
eompliciir is tlu dntlu«f Sir Eamaad Bcfrj 
Oodfmy unil of Cliorloi II bioMlf. Ths prop«r 
nanw uu iliKhitf diuoiiad. Tli» HimaiTM 
SocMta <Io k Uiirhuw* J* PnrUnontli, pobl. srcc 
d« Mntoi hi«laei-jue>, I roll. Pkiri«. 1805. ftod 
ucilbtd lo J. lAOombo. ate a mere elaboration 
oT tlia a,ian, tritb a oood dad o( pndding uid 
•orao original aildilionB («.s. UoainonUi liora 
•ppun M iba ton of the Duclitaii of Ports- 
nonlliy A riraltiit pamphlvt aRatnrt ber, ODdar 
the titlo of ArCidM of Hi^b Troowii, &«., aipiiun 
tlw DneboN of Forunaath. u prinCad in Soman 
Tiwjta. rlU. 187-^.1 A. W. W. 

KSRR or KER, MARK («L 19ft4), abbot 
of Nl^wbllttll>, vrad the «eooiid aon of f^ir 
Andraw Kit of CuHfiird [q.V^, by Agnn, 
^uglitMr uf Itobon, second lord C.'nffh I on of 
Siiiiiiukar. In IMSiiewaapromoti'dnbbutiif 
NowbaItl(i,siidoBn!nouiiciottpo|H.T\iti ITjiJij 
fiotitinuad to bold tlw benefice infoinvie.vl'im. 
ilawBitone of tli(i»t> who,oil30 Ajiril •.<( Iliis 
oar, mgiusi M Eiliubuigtt the contract to 
lafeud llw < evangel] of Ckriat ' (Kxox, U. M). 
Subsequently lie waa prM«nt«d to the vicni^ 
afoof IiintoD. l*<.'i>bl(«thire,by thetthbol mid 
conTcnl of KoUo, and his prosentatinn Iran 
conilrmnd h; lbooominiMianiin4 Ati|{. UiSi, 
in ojipnution to one mnde bj tin- cniwD. 
At iipnrlinmmtbi-ldHt E<Ibbur|[koQ liiDM. 
oflhii yr«r bo iras appoiotixl one of » com- 
tniuiion to iniiuirn iui'i tbo iuriolii-'liou lliat 
should pitrtuin tu tbo kirk. On L'U April lOUO 
bp wnn nomiimtuJ sn (•xtruordinury lunl ol' 
acuion, uad liu wus ntso olioseii s ni^iiibtT of 
the privy council. By one of tbo articlo* of 
Ha Keifioation of Perth in FobroAry 1571!-3 
he iru noTiiitinti^d na<\ of the jiidjfnn for tho 
trinl ■ of nil altcmpti cnmmittnd noainat tlic 
fth»tin(:nnii bci loiitb thu water of Inv ' (1*J. 
r. C. Seotl. ii. laO). At the fall of Mortou 
in ISTH he was one of the oxtraonlinary 
council of twelve appointsd to cany on the 

Svcrnmont in tbe King's name (Moruii, 
amoirt, p. 6; Cuduwood, iii. 397). Ho 
WM also ono of tha four delmatM deputed on 
£9 Sept., after Morton had leixod Stirling 
Cutle, to nuot Morton'* dvlcffittes for the 
puipote of Biraufiinji the lermB of a recon- 
cUiatioii. R-'cviving in ICdl, alter the secouO 
bU of Uofton, a ratification of the oomnieu- 
daionhip of Newbattle, be conlinned U) be a 
«toadfiut supporter of F.nai Stuart, duke of 
Lvnuox. OnlSJuIy l&Sl ho wu appointed 
to hear and report on the case of Sir .Tninoi 
Balfour, who wu onduiouiin^ to gut ruin* 
•Uted in his rights of dtixetuhip (Jitg. P. C. 
*w«. liL 41)8). After llie raid of Kntbvvu 
Uie oommenoator was, with Lord nurrivo, 
despatched bjr Luuiox with oflera of concitin- 



tioQ to the now dominant parly. ThepropOMll 
wori- ri-juctud. Kerr died iu 1&3L By Us 
wife, Liidr UuU-n Lesley, aecood daughter tf 
G«oT^, fourth oarl of Bolfacs, he had foa 
sons: Mark, fiisi eiirl of Lothian [q. v.'; 
Andrew of Fentoa; Q«oi^, tli« caihol'io 
etnisaarjr, ia whoso poeseaaion lh« ' Spsnitk 
blank* went fouadi sod WtUiaa : ani a 
dsi^ler, Oatberine, nunied to Williun, 
lortt Ueriics. Tber* are nartT«its of Kerr 
and his wife, sscribod to Sir Antonio Mors 
[q. T.^ pneerred at Newbattlc. 

(RinUrinof KDosandOtldrrrood: Hoyd*'! 
Jftmoirs (Bannatyna Clob); Ilitt. K>og James 
the Sezt (Biuinalyns CIuli); Register of i^ 
Priry Conneil of Scotland. »oU. ii, nod iii.; 
Dauglu's Scoltiih Pegnge (Wood), ii, 130.] 

T. K, a. 

KEBR or KER, MARK, fint Exsl or 
Luriii49( {d. 16I)D), master of reqiteeis, wh 
thu eldat inii of Mark Kerr, commenditor 
of Nowboitlo [q. T,], br Lftdy Helen l..«ley, 
Bocoud daiiffhier of Oeorg«, fourifa e«rl of 
Itotb(«. Hu was nnpointed master of r^ 
quMls in l&'T, and the office was oanfinotd 
to biin by King JamM in IGBl. Un ths 
di'nih nrhi* ffttber the revertioa ef tbeom^ 
ni^'nilotonihip of Xowhattle granl«d him ky 
(Juurii Mary was nitifinl to him by letieis 
undor the itreat seal S4 Aug. 1A81. He wis 
also, on m Nov, of thoiameyiMr, appointed 
to succeed his futkitr as an eitmordinary IcoJ 
of ABsiion. Un 28 July 1S87 his lands of 
Nowbaitle were by charter «niclod into • 
barony , and on 1 Aug.of the ume year ka was 
chosen by parliament one of bis muesty^ 
'ordiner and daylio pririe ootianl. Ox 
in Oct. IJJOl tbebaioniss of PraMcngna^ 
and Xewbntllnbitlngunitnd into tile Iwdslup 
of Ncwhuttle, bp n-iiH ctvntnd a lord of Mtlift- 
munl. He was oppoiutod, 1 Blarch lO0ff~7, 
one of oommisaion to arraiwe for the iisne 
of a new ooinn«e (Sej/. P. a Seotl. v. 390). 
He was one of Uie eomnUMloiun fi>r holding 
the parliament of 1G07, and the Mme yew 
was nppointod Collector-general of the ux 
of two bnndrod tkousaad marks levied ia 
ODnnoction with certain forwffn anilmiiBi 
[Aefji Purl. &yot. iv. 14S-3). A comntiaiMa 
was appointed, 2 March IG6S-9, to examine 
NiMvbaltle's accounts (fty. P. G Scotl. v. 
684), the reeult boiiis entirely saiisfiLctorr. 

Nut withstanding tnu attempt of t)ie ktug 
to iofluonoe the court of seeaion to an advevse 
docisioik sgAiasl Robert Drues, minister of 
Bdinbiu^k, in regard to his lifo penaion out 
of the rent* of the abbey of Arbronih, Xnw- 
bftttle, with tbo other judgos, declinnd to t>0 
tulluenced in iheir juugmont, either by ei»* 
trustios or threats. Newbattle was one nf 
ths special members of the privy eouneil 



•hoaea on 8 Dee. 1696 to eit intli« pftlsM of 
Bolftood on TneeiUjs tod IbandAn lo i»- 
ri« Um kinc m the diiolum of busiDHU 
(CUUBKwooii,T.r37). On lU Jttl? 1000 ba 
mu sppotnt«<I ona tit > coniniswoa to eon- 
tidw maaiu for thii mora offocla*! eaaaur* 
roam of the Im|^ vilh ihn ihariffii lad mi^ 

C. Scott, vi. i»^). auj. un 1 April of the 
■mefw.oiw of A c»iuutiMioa (br reporting 
OB matiin tor •biuM in elolh-nuhing (lo. 
p. 9S\. la order toon sOoctaally to orry 
out tboMtof IM7 (or thK pariuit of thiorcs i 
ha wu, on 2S Juljr ltIO(>, ordcml to iep«!r 
to uid rattle wiihm Uia ciutlo of Nuidpath 
(■». p. 136). On 19 Svpt, leoi he iru notol- 
iMied to utu interim ohuweUordutiiw the 
■heoiwr of tlio ISkrl of Montmw in P.n{il&iid 
aa * eenoiiMMarr for th« nnian (A. vii. IH 
Ha wts one of the a«««M>or« chotira at Lin- 
lithgow in Janiurj Ifl05-6forthu trinlof tbo 
nuiiuter* impriMniid in BlncltnuH (CjiLUta' 
Wooisn.XfO). On 10 Fub.of thoMuiie.vear 
he wa* cmitNl Eail of Lotliitn br patent to 
htnaad heirs maUof hit hody. On UJnly 
ha rmi^od the office of ntMter of requetu 
in favour of hi* eUwt eon, Itobvrt (Ay. P. C. 
SnU. Tii. -Jia}. In 1008 Lothian acted na 
amtmof to the Eari of Dnnbar, tlin kind's 
ooniaiiaiiongf to llic usemblv of tlir kirk 
(CaOEawoop, *i. 7M). Oa'o Feb, 1008- 
lODO he wu iDpoinii-Hl one- of a commiMion 
fo adrue tlie Bic^ a* to the beM tneaaa of 
Mawiag the peece of the lalee and plantInK 
'nliffion aixl dviUtie tharein' (ff^jr. P. C, 
a»lL tiii. 7.U>. 

Ue died on 6 April 1600. Kr hi* yrite. 
Maivarel Mu«f11, dtii^iter of John, lonl 
Hemeti, be hvl lour irjoi: Robert, Moond 
oorl of Lolhiin. Sir William Kvr of Bladt- 
boM, Sir Mark Ker, and Hon. Henir Ktt, 
sad M*en daught^n: Jaiwl, manied, fir«i 
to Bobett, manor of Bajd, and »ocoodlj to 
Datid,ioaihoarlofOrBwB)rd:Janat, married 
to Willioin, oi^th oarl of Otooicaim; Mnr- 
Bu«t (bundw of Lady ¥entur'a Churob, 
lUiBbiugfa), aiarned, fiist to Jamss, vermth 
lord Teitar, and Moondlj to Andrvw, madl«r 
of Jadhnrrti ; iMfaatl, married to WiUiaia, 
fiiM «atl of Qaaamberry ; Lilias, manied to 
John, lord BoiUiwichi Mary, marrii'd to Sir 
marriedto Sir Alexandor Hamilton of Innor- 
mck. ScotofScotatarveiafrirau [lint iuuU 
tba Earl of Luihian bad bjr bia wife tbinr- 
mm ehildrvn. The etatemcnt is probably, 
howtvsr, aa baacJeia as i« Scot's etory that 
tb* Miutiaai «aa aiWcted to the black art, 
and that, • b«i«g vaxtd with a cancnr in h<<r 
farMat,'abe waa bcal«d I>t*b notable wiir> 
lock,' oo condition ' that tnc aore thould fall 

OD them ahe lorod best : ' her hiuband di«d 
of a boil in hi* throat. 

[Ada PatL Scot. roU. iil. nnd It. ; Hug. P. €. 
SeoU. voU.iir-Tiil.; Caldnn>oi>>ril[iai,of Cliuioh 
of Scotland; ll0jr»ia'aM«niDira(BuiaM)raeCtab)i 
Soat'e Sl^;e(riiiK 9m« of SeMtl*fa SintMmeii ; 
Dooglw'* »MtUih Petmita (Wood), ii. ISO-l.] 

T. F. H. 

KERB. ROBERT, fourth Easl and Ural 
Makuci.i or LontMX (ItSStt-liOU), burn in 
IKiS, <H-iiii ilie aldnt »on of William, tlilrd 
car! Lq, r.\ by bin wrif« Anno, coimtwa of 
Lotbmn in Liurovm right. In 16T3hoacitT«d 
OS a votunlLt-r iu ibe Llutcli war. Iln nu> 
C<«ded hi? tutbur in ill'o, nnd cm 23 Oct. 
]0?8n miant of thoearld-finufLutbian was 
gnwtoa to him and heirs inalo uf liis body, 
with the original prvcadnncy. On 4 Jan. 
of Fuimlainbnll, //uf. .\Vrwea, p. 6bQ)^ but OS 
14 Si>pl. H iL-tliTivas roa. J in tlie council liom 
Jnuii-^ 11 r^iuuTiui; liiiuaiid fuur olbur privy 
cnundlliir^ (lA. p. 4(>0). H« was uaiipporler 
of lliL^ n-vniulioii, anil on 25 June wrale to 
dm Kurl M'^villo su^gestinc ' tome n-turn 
Kuitablu to the capacity I l«ink t can beat 
Min-e bia majotty in' (£er«n and MtlviUt 
Ai^n, Bannalyne Club.p. 79). Iln wm a|^ 
poinli-d a privy councillor to Kintr William, 
anil in Auffuat waa abo conmiiuii'd jiutico- 
ganonl. Onchedeathof bi«lnoiiHirChaTlea. 
seoond earl of Anctum, in ItEN), he united 
that mrldom to his other litlea. 

In 1693 Lothian was oppoinled comm[»- 
nonor of tho kin^ lo ih« ffaneral aMeinbty 
of the kirk of Scotland. The occasion was 
notable, on account of the nconuoMidatioii 
of the Iting that episcopal ministers vho 
urera prepared to accept the confuMion of 
faith and submit to the authoritvof the eeel«- 
HiaiiticAl «iurt« should be recesved into tho 
kirk. Tho ro^ rooaumenda^on waa en- 
forced by Lothian in a speech the liharality 
and hindUncua of which tended ralhor to 
awaked than allay preabytcrian prqudica^ 
After a month spent m routine busincu the 
aasMiibly stlU rauained from taking into can> 
siderstion tlie subject preescd upon their at- 
icntinn, and it was ^wolved oy Lothian, 
who declined lo &x nny date fur the nest 
oaacmbly. Thereupon the modMator, not- 
witlutniidinK tbo protast of I.othinn, ap- 

KiintL-d I be T bird Wednoaday of A ugnirt 16B3. 
o iLsiH-iDbly VBB. howL'ver, boldon tbatdato 
(,<v- nurrative^ iu BcBrox'a J7i»(. v/SeolLva. 
VM~Z, founded on ihi- Hegitter ^ the Aetbut 
mil fVoMMttn^ qf tht Aatmlftg, printed nr 
priTsto cifcolalioD). 

Lothian wtsctMtad marauts by psieut on 
S3 Juno 1701. Ila died onlS Feb. 170». A 
portmil of him, attributed to Scongal, dated 




IfiSl.umtNflwbfttllc. He mnrrieJI.ttdvJwui 
C*iii|ibeIl,M'noiid<lituKliI<!rof An:bibalu,nur- 
krarU. Uiseldi)*t*oii,^^'illiam,B«oond 
■ oiLottii&n, waa a lieutenan t-g«iwnl 
in tlM army, was elech>d iMir«««nUtive "poer 
ibr SooUand in litA, di«d & Fnb. 173S, and 
lUtmoir* of Secret Sen-ieet), Tliu lint mKt' 
quia had four otborvoni; Charlf.i ((/. 17S0), 
who wn* mode a director iu cliunoi-rr in I ■ tlli ; 
John ((f. 1728), who for tome liiuo hail tho com- 
ntiindorth«3lBtTeg^m«ot; LohdMahk Ki:i(1e 
(if. 17o)!), who became captain in thu nrmy 
o Juno 1S03, WM wniiniloil nt. Alninnxri on 
SB April 170", notcii ii« brif[ndifir^Kfni!nil at 
the capture of Vigo in 1719, wni suwrnoruf 
Gaernwy in 1710, obtninfid tilt- runKitf((Bnerul 
in \7iS, witi rnntl^ ^tovvnicir of Edinbur^fli 
Caolin in ITI't. and died in Lonilon ^ Fob. 
176;;; nnd Jumci*. Of(h*itirst ra(in]uiit'» tivp 
daufflilvni, Miiry inarritid .Inmi's, miin|uls of 

[l)urton'« Hilt, nf Scot land; DougWi Seal Liah 
PBenigii(\Vood).ii. 13U-40.] T. F. H. 

KEBR. ROin-:UT(|-M-18l3),w:ientillc 
writer and trnnnluior, wu bom nt hi> fath^r'a 
aeat, Bughtridjce, ICoxburgbibirv, in I7&i. 
Hit fatlicr, Juim-n Kerr, convcnirr of tUu 
trad4a (17*)) nnd M.l". for Edinburgli from 
1747 to 17o*, WU5 KrvHt-^riintliNia of Sir 
TliomiM KcT at ItudduD, bruthur of Robert 
Kor,fi»leiirli)f Anfrum[ii. v.] Hiit muthi^r. Kuir. wiin (.TBiid-dauftbtur of Ro- 
hnrt Knt [q, yJ, llr«t maniiii^ of LotUlao. 
jlo siudiej at Edinburgh lligU School and 
nX tbe iiuiv«*ily with a v'mv ta the mn* 
dical ]irof«»*inii. nnd became «urg<Pon (o thci 
Eiliubiirgli Fomidlinff HniqiiiBl, lui relin- 
qiiialied n luri-miful tni-divnl canvt for the 
manimnmont of n papar mill al Avion, Bfr- 
wickahiru, which i-veutually proveda failnri^. 
He returned to Edinbnrgh about 1810, nnd 
ooc>ipi4>d Iiinwlf with hiitorirnl and bin^ii- 

Iihicnl work. Mil riilimhlo trnnilnii(ini> from 
lavoinior and IvinniDini pnicurvd liii oWlion 
aa fellow of tin.- Itoyul Sooit-ty of Edinlurgh 
in leoii. He waa alao a iuembar of thu 
Scottish SooietT of Antiquariea. lie died 
nt Ediubnrghll Oct.IB13, 

TbufoUowtngiaalietof biaworka: l.'Klo- 
moul* of Ohomialrv' (ftom thu French of 
IdTolaier), Edinburgh. I71KP; Snd<>dit.l7»S. 
il. ' Eauy on the New Muihod of Blcachinjt 
bv moanV of Oxyfrenatml Miiriaiic Acid ' 
(nom thaPnowli ofRerMiullet), llriliuburKli, 
17B0. 3. 'The Animal Kiii|rfom, or Zoolo- 
gical Bydom of Liniuena.' A iranalntion of 
part i. of th^ ' SynU-ma Xaturn;,' with nddi- 
lious, lyinbiirgh. 1702, 4lo. 4. 'The Na- 
tural riiatory of Ovipacoua Quadrupeda and 

Serpenta' (from th« Freneh of LooepMei 
London, 160?. fi. 'Siatintiml, AsnetiUnnj, 
and Political Survi-y of It-ririrliWiiri",' I W*, 
8»o. (1. ' Menioini of lUo Life, Wriiinn.iind 
Oorroapondcncp of lh« lato Mr. Wlllias 
8mellie,'Kdinbiirgli. leil. 7. ■Tbclli.ion 
of Scotland during iboreiffii of ICubcrt l,(nr> 
iiami^d the Bruci-,' Ediooiirgh, J811, Sra. 
a 'Eaauyon the Thpon- nf lbeEiirtU'(fr--rT 
the French of Onvicr), IfllS, Svo. Ker r 
piled yaU. i-x. of ■ A (inw-fal History bu.l 
Cnllnction of Vorngn's and TnivcJa,' I,oadoa, 
1811-^4, IBtoU'. 

I^SrotjMng. ISIS, ^ tiSO; Irrin^'a EmiaHil 
Ni.'iii>niBii, p. lAI : Timpertsy'a Anecdocec, pp 
TSS. 03& : UunaldBc<n'> AiirirDUnnil BiapHplij; 
I'usiFr'B Ucmbcrs of FurU. Scotland; waitV 
BM. Ilrit.: Itrit. Uua. Cat. : Oint. Mas. Hu 
tSU (pt. i, p. GS4), whvie the date of ibaili u 
wrong. T. 8. 

KERR or KKR. WaLIAM. third 
Eiiii. Of LcmiuM (IdOfi P-llJiQ), cIiImi ton 
of Robert, flr»t nnrl of .\iicrum 'q. r.l. by 
Kliiaboth, dauRlitiT of Sir John ^lurraT rf 
Blackbaronv, was bom nbimt li(0.'i. He was 
at the unrvenaity of CnnibridRi- in IfiSl, 
bnt he did not graduatif, and pruluibly com- 

floted his edncation iu Paris. On 6 Nor. 
II2tt hoaotout IVom ]'an»i)n a tour thnni)^ 
l-Yance, Italy, nnd Nwitferland. A j<ninia) 
of (he lour if proactTcd nt Nnwbatlle Abtw^. 
In lttl!7 ho nccompnniml (leor^te, duhe of 
Buckinjfham, in hi* expnlition to tlte late of 
Hlifi. aud h<? wiiniuenl next year xh» daka'a 
murder by Felton. He nX>o joiiMdihe expedi- 
tion in atd of the Statea-Ri^n^ml aftain^t tlie 
Spanish force* in llSSfl.andnaspreaont at the 
nipitulution of itoit-to-Diic to the Prince of 
Oninj;;!.' on l4Si-pt. MFimtiiniedloSrotlandin 
lt)30, and about January lU-tl married Anne, 
dauglittr of ItobL-rl, wcond narl of l.olbiati, 
nnd countoM of Luihinn in her own right. 
On ill Oci. of Iht' numi-' year hi; waa crMixd 
third 1-^nrl of Lothian, und tlii? next brother 
of Itobi'rt, aopond earl of Lothian, Sir Wil» 1 
Ituro Kcr of Hliirkhope, on laying claim 14^1 
the title u3 nt'un'it heir male, waa prareBtei^P 
by the lords «f Ihi- yirivp council from »a-~ 
Bumiu^■ it {» Munh lU.I^ )'. The nitrl waa on» 
of the auppliaulA up1in.1t the aeTTiak-lmnk in 
1838, and <m i" Feb. Mffned the national 
covenant in Uld Grey Frian Church, Edin*^ 
burgh. He alm^ on 3 Oct., attached luafl 
liffnaiiiro to a romplnint agaiiiat the mean* , 
talion to force thi< jwopln to *iirii the kinc'H 
covenaut (Oorbon, Smtt Afi'ain. i. Vli). 
He waa n ]iii>nib('r of thn njunnihty <if ({><> 
kirk which nii<t ut <jIiis|{ow in (Ictohnr of 
tbia your, and he giip]irjrted the action them 
taken nffainat the acrv ice-hook. Hi- wua alio 
one of ttie moat prompt to lend aid to Iha 


' «OfviiBiiu>n when, in ihi- npring of tlie tal- 
lowinff TMF, the/ rmolrtxl (0 lajis up miu. 
On *J2 Huch — ibudBy Miccw-dlo); ibe iteiziiK 
of Kdinlwr^fh — Iia and {icli«<r iMiliag oove- 
■MU«n manbed oat from the cily to IM- 
liNtb Hntwn, ukd eonpitlleil tli* lord traa- 
MiUvr Traqukir to iJnlivnr it up ('x, 
AnmtUjiuS-'l). Wilbnfbrcnot fiflcm bun* 
4Md nun lie kIio join-xl ibo nnnjr of Lmlic 
^rluehadvucMl iiiio EnttUiul in AuguM IU40 
<«. p. S«3 : Cal. fUate Paper*. Doa. 8er. 
l(UO, p. 447 : RoDcn B.iitUB, LMtrtand 
JovmaU, \. ifu). \l* WM prMMit at tbe de- 
feat of the mviJUi* 11 XiiwhiuT, and on iho 
nnirkl of ibo ScottMb tnaj at mwcaailn Im* 
wu MpjioiRtiNl (ixnRior ot tbv toim, iriili n 
aniaoa of tira tboawnd (IUlvuuk, .liinalr, 
u. 38»); 0>/. Jtato JVtjMT', Dom. Scf. ItMU- 
Ifttl, p. 27). Lothiui wM tlio suppoBnl 
Mitbor of ' A Trwe RcprMenUtiuD uf tli<? 
EVocMdingx of ih« Ktiigdmn« of Scotland 
Mnn.' thp liu I'ndfictltnn, by tb« Kalalw of 
thp Ki njtilumr, n^iiut mUlftllingw in tho 
Ule OfcIumioi),' lfl40. On 7 Juiifi lIUI hi- 
l*ft XewCTuIle to nltond thi- mii-tinj; of thi- 
puituiwflt in EdiBbuTKh. On lilJaljrhcwM 
oboMD m iMfiBb«r of tiu- cxiinmilt«e for tli« 
«i>d«rinc(>f th»hiO(Mc(BALFi>rK.iii. I)),iui<] i)U 
iIikSOiu aa^oflbeconiniitTwoflbi- article 
<i6. p. 21). On the oonelubioii of n trvstv 
«iih (bo Bnictiah on 3ft Auk- the Scoiiiali 
«mT WM disbanded, Md Lotfiiaa's goveruor- 
•liip of NrwuMl* Mme to an end. 11« mru 
«ae of ibu contniMioiMtni appoiaied on tli« 
king ' ttiu.-nt the pruparinK or mnllor* li<ft by 
ibe lN*l<r' (tA. p. I>3), and alto u!r\->-d <mi 
vUtrr impartiiiit caioautlcM. 

In 1<HI Ijoiliian wu named nue of iho 
Ibar eonnMHonen of the tiuavury. tii Oiv 
tohm be waa appointed to the comnund of 
une of ibc n^muDt* aonl (o Irvliind, and iii-- 
oirdinK to Uiaown utatMnenl wiuU«uU>tiAnt- 
fcnml of Ihu Scot* array in In^land, but 

16SA-tl, p, If!''!;^. lliantiimciit rcintiiiii-^ llirtv 
lill Febmarj l<M4, but he appran himu-lf 
to h*TO bo«D in Irvland fer unly a short 
povid. In NorombBr 1611 liunanewuin- 
Mtted bjr thn oMat«» in the lilt of the (irivv 
oouninl m flaeei of oni' nf ihn unmi'* whicli 
tfaeir bad Muted frora ihf kinar'i lix ( Itn.- 
Pat)lt.tii. lid). UnfiMareblBll'hi'nblainnd 
• dwrtvr of t he lonJabip of Jcdbiirffh, nnd in 
DaCMnber of tbe aame j^oar ho wiu tent by 
Um prifT onnnoi] of Scolland, with iV- ap- 
proval of Cbariaa I, on amiMion to iht- court 
ofFnnenia ndation to the jxviitiuii uf ttiu 
Scots ituard in France. On hi» r«iurii ho 
want li> tbekinftnl Oxford lo^ivo an aMoiUit 
of hid vBiliatoiv, but th<i hinjr wniiUl nor iv- 
e«iv(ibim,aiMl,aa account of rumourt known 
at. IS II. 



afterwaidi to bi^ unfounded, tliat hr bad boon 
engaged abroad in tivncberolu dmigni, lio 

, wa», afln bvinc; kept for tiumu lime under 
ivtitmini at Oxford, itenl a priitoiier to Bristol 
Castle. Ah his health, «*i-ak#ii«>l bra tevem 
•tiacli of ivt<ft in PrnncF', tiitTer^ from oIOM 
cmnflnomont lo o«i» room, tho king granted 
bim ultimatoly tbe lib<trty of iW town 
{UtiU-iZ,LctternindJountatt,u. IlM); biit 
be did not rranivi* hi* fiMdcon till ibii follow- 
ing March, and then only by c»cbungc with 
SirCharl«ti Ouring. Lothiuu waa prnK'nt at 
th0 mrliftment which mtl in Juue 1^-t, and 
on 17July tlie house approved of hid conduct 
and voted a aum of min^y to dofrsy bis vi- 
neawt (tUi.iiifti, iii. 22SJ. In thi'innitf yi>ar 
lie joined Arp-ll in command of thn unaiic- 
ceatful expi-dilion nguinat Mooirote. He do- 
olintd To aocr^t thecoininiftiion when thrown 
up by Argyll iHiiUAE, Zrttert a/idJounniit, 
ii. '2iy2X lie wa« uiie of the oommiuionurs 
sent to trv'At with tbe king at NewcMtle in 
|IU', and, with Janu<» UcPouall of Oertb- 
Iflnd, waa aprcially appointed by the Scoltiah 
to llolmby Ilouar, whorn ihoy continued with 
him for toiue wreks. TheparliBioetit of 1017, 
in jnyuiunt of hi* exponaea in tbe pubbo 
nerviee, apportioned him 1,900^ out uf the 
1*0.000/. agreed to be jiaid to the Scuta ariuy by 
the parliamentarians, but accordinglo his own 
statement he nerer received tbe iDoiiey (tiiJl 
StaU Piofrrt, Uom. Sep. iaSS-6, p. 30). He 
pn>tt<*t«(l against tho'etigagwrnMit'of 1648, 
and after it bnd licrn coiidnmncd by parlia- 
tnent wna appointed to tbe olbco of Rccn-tjiry 
of atate, in lucoMwion to tbe Earl of Laneriek, 
who waadeDriv«db^th« lis 
wad one of tue oommiMioner* sent by llie pop- 
liamenl of Scotland in lA49ti>protMtagain»t 
proceeding to «itremiliv8 against the king. 
According to Cianmdon tlw^s wu a aecrec 
niidantanding between I/)thinn and Ar)iyll 
there ia no Tangible piuof of any auch uiidiTr> 

; atntiding. Tbe oommiuionera werr. accord- 
ing lo their 0Td«n, procemllng to IlolUnd to 
Oommunicnt« with Charles II, wlimtbeywero 
am«ted Al Gmvesend br n iroop of Orom- 
wnH'n borpw (lUtTOi'u, ii^. 388). Tiu-y wi-ri" 
trvnlnd with coiirteav.and iM-nt undorn Btrong 
oacort to Berwick, there to be ibtuiiied until 
Ibn eatatea of Scotland should own tlieir ac- 
tion. Tliia being done, they wvn permit ttd 
to proeoed to Edinhurgli. Lotliinu nsa a 
membw of the Mcond commlation appointed 
by tbe eetatee to jppDceed on March 1660 
to treat with th« king at Bmla. On the v- 
rirat of Charlca in Scothind in 16A0 the kirk 
do«r«d that Lotbian (who apparently de- 
cliii«d)ihouldbemade general orthe Scot ti(h 




forces (WHtrnucKBiJtfinnarin^V On P Aug. 
he wwi fwnt bvthACommicteoofttteannjr to 
(ho kinn; nt liiiiifntnlmi! to induce bim to 
iiizn a dodarnlion in fnvouruftlieoureiuiiiln^ 
(BjvuKiCB.iv. 771. WWu, on -1 Ol'I. follow- 
ing, lliB kinf; uscajK-d from tbu tlmlJoni 
of IUh «iv«rnant«n ut Perlh und Joioed ibe 
norttiem loyalislB, Li^tliiuu wm ap])oint«d 
one of a comm>Miioi) toioiluc^e him inivtuni 
(A. p. llll). Tliwy KUCCtmded, bnt hnd to 
miilEa t«nni with ttin rtricrtly ioynlint parly 
nnd pa** nn act of imlfuinity for tlivm on 
12 Oct. Thin jirooL-dure wm »l'vlti-1j blumod 
by lliH •ynod of I'l-rtli (i*. p. IIU), Abmy 
with Ar|-ylt, LolLion look an &ctive but 
unsucci.-*alul cart in inducing the exlremo 
oovenuntere or the west- of Seoilsnd to comi' 
to teriiix Willi th« nnrlhnm loynli«t«. Snb- 
mqucMilly hn unli'il ^rrniirnlly iji concert with 
Argyll. On 14 tJct. Iw wiu nppointpd onu 
of n commit let' to nrrnn({i- fur tlip kins'* 
eoroiiuion at Scod« [ tA. p. I i&). According 
to his otrn seoouni, lie intended to htve 
Joined the Piihe of Hamilton inbiseTpe<lilion 
into l-'ni;1iiiid intli<ifoUowMij;yt!nr,butCiiuld 
noT. K"' rvudv in timo. Ho wnR nbnut to nftil 
to join thii king when ho hurd of tbn bnttio 
Bl Worcottrr. Ho alio •tale* tlml wUun he 
ccrued tti he tn^crclnry on tlie Irlumpb of 
Crumwi^ll. lie Ktir)^ tu bia uwd house at 
Ntiwbiiitltii, and tiev^rjmMeilany writ* under 
tbi! isTi^at ac'ul, wliichb-^ prvBtirved until able 
10 offijr bin BL-rvieea to the king (Cbrrmpvmt- 
pnw, p.'131). Tbo I.nirdnf llrodie, bowovnr, 
relales tbnt ArjiyU told him tbut l.ntbinn 

of lAf i.(tii-4 1 

In nny cnii-, hu ondi-nvoiirfd in 1H05 

kmtrtly [mymL-iil fur biiiei]ien»ot 

" ibe covi'tiaut, but iiUo ooni- 

^.._ Iiaviog b«en depriveil of the 

i)ffioaofMcroUryofslat«inllm3(CVrA &Vn(i' 
Papur; Dom. Sot. JiVift-«, p. 20). At tlic 
Ilwtorniion bo wi-nt to London and ptw- 
centcd a vindication of hin conduut in the 
put {Corrfpnndrnee, pp. '131'X), The king 
PTomised hiiu some reward, and ncoordinx to 
Bir (i«or«> Mackeniie he received n grant of 
1,000/.; hut h« biiuwlf alHrmud that l<ii ro- 
coirod morn prominc* than mTpnuo- HavinH 
rafiiiu!cl in Ittffii To taki- ihu nbiurition oulh, 
ho wnii Knnd G.OOO/. 8i:ots, bu<I lii* finances 
havinH bcMi iircviuu^ly in a crippled condi- 
tion b•^ found it uerMMiry to part with hiii 
pali-'mal Mlato of Ancrum. Ilodindat Ncw- 
battti>in October IRTA. 

By hiawifeh^bndHvi'ionx: Robert, fourth 
carl' of l.oihinn fq- *'■]> *' William Ki-r, 
C'linrbii, llnrry, and John; and ninodaugh- 
t«ni: Annr, mnrrifd to Aloinndw, roatirr of 
SfthoD \ EUubeth, to John, lord Burthwick ; 

liad hw-n tnmpprini,' Willi I he l'rnl,?p|or( Diary 
lAf Lnifl nf llrodir, SjuildiitB tJlub, p 

J?M^ diad yttWig; Hugmt, dM nmM 
Mary, named to JamM Brodia of BnnI; 

.Mai^rrt, In .lamns ItichanliKin of Quwalaa; 
XeTK, to Lonl Ni^ill OampbcU of ArdrnkdiKe; 
and Liliiu, died anmnrried. A portnil of tb 
Earl ofLuiliianby Jami««oii«iinlNe«'buib 

I.'^r 3a.jBi!» Balfour'a Annala of BeotlaaJ; 
Robert Dnill in* Lettcn and JounAl* f Banatlnw 
Club) ; (Jordon'i Srot* Affairi (Spaldinjr Cl^): 
ClaroDilna'i Hiitoty of ih* R^lwUioa : Ul»ry of 
the l^inls of Brudi^ (Spaldiac CUb); Cum- 
t|i(indr,'iicD(if SirRci1<i<rtKer,nmof ABmm,W 
liis noii William, liiird mil of Lolbiaa, IBIS; 
DoDglu'ii VffTit^ (WoutI). ii. 13;-S.3 T. P. B. 

KEBR, WILLIAM, «icmd M*K<)iru»r 
LOTIIUK (1069^-1722). ddosl wn of Ifobrtt, 
flntt mitr^uiti [q. v.l, nnd grandion of William 
Kitrr, third nnrl of Lolbian [q, v.],YrBi boro 
about 16(13. Un thi? deulb uf lua kinamaa 
llobitrt Kerr, third Lord Jedburirh; in IdScj; 
lio Buccneded to that title, and Mt in parii»- 
mL-nt M Lord Jedbur^b. He wna colonot of 
Ibe 7th regiment ofdrngoont, 1 (let. ltiH,aBd 
a »toiit u'llioTcni of tbn mroliitbn. On hit 
fnlber'fi<li'Rtb,IArcb. I7al bebccnmeilat- 
oui* of Loihinn, wiu rreiittNl n knight oS t^a 
Thi»tl" in 170>"», cord iully supported the union, 
and wn» ciioaun 11 rqirvw-ntftl ire pf*r »f Scot- 
land in I70H. Oaaocouiit,liOw«ver,of Aont 
informoliiicB thi* oleciion ir»« c^Ticvlled, but 
hi! WON tv-«lecled in 1T1&. lie obtainMl tb* 
command of tbo drd foot-gnanli. 'Id Apfi) 
1707. wilb ihe rank of lioutmnnt-^i-wmil, 
I 70k, iin'l waa d«piind of hia n-simRUt on s 
cbiingo of adraini" ration in 1713, but Bner- 
wnn!« lnvnaic niiij"r-ff^tii-r«l on the Norib 
liritiib »tuH'. Mucky, the court npy in the 
lime i>f tjuecn Anne, d«Krib>4 him about 
ibc dato uf hi« aucOMMon to the man^uiMlo 
ill i\w following tenna: 'Ho hath abundanc* 
of fire.and maypiora bimitolf a man of b«uo> 
n«u when he applio* himsidf tliat wayj 
laitghn nt all mraaled nlit'ion, yut aula up 
for n pillar of proabylrry, and provua til* 
surest card in their pack, Ijeiug \«tj aoatoHa 
though not dt^vout ; be is brave in but perrao, 
lovea his country and his boctl<i, a thoroiigii 
libertine, very Iiandsoroe, block, with a fin* 
oye, forty-flvif ytax* old' (.IfouioiV*. pp. 187, 
1P8>. Tlii» charantnr i» generally bonift, 
liv refurenocK to liim in ledpm of the 
Ilemarric-d biftlirst uuuftiu, Lady Jean 
bell, daugbler of Archibald, ninth earl of 
Arjrytl, who was behMwled in Ififlfi, nnd li» 
did *n piirrly from a clilvalrous doiiro to bo> 
friond tbo»» wim ho bcliov<-d wepc sul&riD|r 
wTougfullv (li.). The raarqui* died ai L<in> 
don on 'J^ Feb. 1722. a^nd 00, and waa in- 
terred in King Henry Vll'a Chajwl in Wen- 




SA fuU-lentiUi [ortrail of 
ited to SoommI, is at N«iw- 
He was aiKcawkd uj bia bod WiU 
k(t fo«rdaiifbt«n; Aniwi, mnrri**] 
idar, tonaUi «ul of ni>nu>; Jku», 
to Williun, fiflh lord L'mnairm ; 
ilMb, unrnml to (KViriir, lv,-i>lf<b Icird 
; uui Mary, nurried to Alvxi&mlcr 1 Umil- 
oif Ballincnet 

fDouKlat'* ¥mnft of Scotland (Wood), i). 
\] H. P. 

iKurtfl <.r iMTiiiiX (J. 177Q), tUe oldw i 
I of WiUiaEO, tkinl nurquin, anil Marvcar«t 
jlicholaoa of Kowpiioy, mu n ca]>taiu in tlie 
r>s>nuuiL of £ooi<^iudi> in I'll. He 
LFooUeiHj.SOApril l74a,wliiTDbL- wk» 
r vraoMiMd br a nUol in Ui« li«ad. B« 
the duke al Cullodi'ii, haring 
nd tlwTC of the cavalry oii tlic "xireme 
; of ibe royal ariaj, after whirh 1m 
~ fiw a alMit tiiii« in charge of all 
oa tbo <*tt of Kcoiland. In Uo- ; 
1746 ho n([Bin aecompamiil tli« duke | 
; cootiauot. OnUie deatbof liiaftTBad- | 
, IiO«<l Hark Kl-it, he n-ns jiromutvil to . 
iooUmeloflusiu^m^iit.iliv lltlidntt^ioua, 
liru,aa lieutenaut-itPiieral.n'itb tliediiko 
' ' I cspeditioD to iht- t*it cout of Kranoe 
lie waa ttvled I^rd Jedbvirgb 
I Biarnag« id 1 1 !i-\ wlmo h^ lu^iucaml 
t]pof Rnrl of Ancrtim. Ilo n-prr-sontml 
bnwod in parliamont in 1747, and wnuro 
tod !>)- thi'MmccoDilitDencTiii 17&lnjid i 
I, bnc nMiKOiHl in 17<t>3. He mioeceded , 
'lorquu ot I^Qihian on hii fiitWs ^ 
IJulyl'llT. Ill I rii^ lie wuM i')uiT«n 


I, MSil oil the •aiiw dav, 26 Oct., woa in- i 

I M a knif bt of tbeTbiai loat Sr. Jaimn'c 

III- WMnronnit*dt(i thirfinttofg^no- 

n} in the aniiy in 1770, and iliivl •) llalli on 

IS A[inl 177"). Up marriid in I73.i<'«rijlini' 

f Arey. ouly diu^ter of ItolJcrl, iliird earl 

lloldvrDeM. Till? mutcliioniciis died in 

Ltrbur IT7t(. Itv Iiit Lulliiun luft ■ win 

I «uorin«>r, William Juhn, lilYL muruuii). 

I two <Iau^ien, lA)ui*e, luarri-nl to Lord 

«'ii« Ilrary l,«Qno);, and Willielmina 

Saiilin, named to John Moclood, colonel 

ri>a«cl«*> Pwrain of Scotland (Wood), ii. ' 
Ul.J JI. P. I 

KERRICH, THOMAS <174S-1EE2&), li- ! 

rahjkn of (hu univiTrnity of QuBbridg^ born I 

;_F*b. ir4>t,wa* K>u of Sun«dKemch,D.I)., I 

Kof Daninghain and ivclor of WolfartOD I 

n^e* Nawton, Surfulk, by bis lecond 1 

wife, BarbaM, older daughter of Malthvrw 
i'oatWhwayt, archdoacoa of Norwich. Us 
wna educated at Magdalene College, Coio- 
bridgei gnduated lt..\. in 1771 aa aeoond 
senior optime, and was i-lt«i<.-d ono of Wortani 
travelling baielielora. Ki^rrictt vroa aoeom- 
pnntfxl in liu travel* by a pipU Jolin Pi>tti> 
nard, fnUoir.coiattiODerof Trinity, aiid jour- 
neyed through France, ilie liow Coiuitnea, 
and Italy, nwidtUE at Pari* for nix montlM 
and at Rome for two yeenL .\t .\nt'wi.T(> tlie 
Aeademyof Paiatinftawordcdlo iximamh-or 
medalfbrihvbwidrvwinf^. Duriagluatcniue 
of ilia tnTcllin^ fulktwslup lie tlerateil moM 
of lua time to ani»tic paramte and anliuuariaii 
rvMardi, and mad* a fine ooUection 01 draw- 
injti from old monuments. ' 

lUt uraintf loCnmbriiiBi- Uc- procnnlnl M.A. 
is 177I>, anil about tlio «anio tuna wo* •kelcd 
n fetlow of Ui* college^ In I7S1 ho wa« im- 
Mnted to the vioatasv ofDenintcbani, which 
had prsrionsly been aL'ld by bi> fiitln-ri and 
to tboTicSTBg* of Uetuivby, Norfolk, in 1T80. 
In 1793 lie wnn-ed iJie university olBce of 
taxor. On 21 Seoil. I7B7 he was elected nnn- 
cipollibrariiin of tbo univortin on the dmlb 
of Dr. Riohun] Farmer [q. v.] (uMrnR, AhiuiU 
nf Camtirid//e, ir. 460). In tbo aome year ho 
wa» elected u fellow of the Saciotv of Anti* 
qiLAria* of liDiulou. He won cullated to a 
prebend in tliu church of Lincoln in liSSJ. 
and to Olio lu tbu cliureb of WuIIb in IHlS 
(l.y. Nrvh, Fatli. ed. ilanly, i. 1VI7, ^00, iL 
iU%). lledlcdai hiaresidenceinFnief^liool 
Lnnc, Cambridge, on 10 Mny 18^8. 

Hu married Sophia, fourth dnagbtor of 
Iticlmnl Havlei, -M-D., of Cambridge. By 
Ibut lady, w&o iliirJ <m -JS July IKi6. be hud 
one eon and two dauRlilerc, one of whom, 
Fnncea Margarettn, tn.-minu ibo wife of the 
Itov, Charlat ITenn' llartolionie ii. t.I. and 
dind SJnn. 16»3. the ton, KidiatO EiWntd 
dietl la 1872. 

To irri^at auliquarion and arcbili^ctiml 
hnowled^ Kerrich united tlie most ncr.uiate 
skill aa a painter and a ilniugliLiioan. lb 
w&s aleo a minialiLn^pninttr tind rt {iroeliiicd 
etcher, rontnbntiug sitms bittlily finished 
lln wn»onoof ibnoarliwl titbogmpher*, luid 
<-xu;iitcd tbi< [inrlnuie of Henry VI and 
ItiirbBRlUI forl'i-nn's 'Panlonl.flileni.' Die 
rerr curioum collection of pnrly riiynl |Kirtrnita 
lie bequeatbodto tbn Soi^irty of .\nti<|uarii!«: 
A list of them iiprinti-d in Nicbi>U'i> 'lllu»- 
irations of LtlemlUTv,' vi. »IH. and a entii- 
logue raiaoimf ^i^'- ^- S^u^ in the ' Fine 
Arts Qoarierly Review' fur I860. To th« 
Drttiih Muaeuin he bequeathed his «k ten nivn 
maanwript eollectiona and iketcbea ui iUu»- 


flf iw wiaa» baa mmMimmU, t y l thi al 
biMMi, ttumi wimIowij M«la, rad usmt. 
nan am eofiarf in lartr^ight to Im m 
of wiou ■>««•, A<Uit.)lS9.^&-;3. Tb* 
mlama 6700-73, wUdb font Wt of th* 
lagM]r,aoMaiit UweoUectioM of iuMa Gmuc 

[q.T.^uekit«et,ofCuo)mdeB. TVtoLSZSS 

oMta» dnwia^ «iad bIm* br Kmieb of dngooM on a Joiw'lTVe^ II 
nnow MdniMml biuUiags, Mid of En«- ,„» «rf eapuia m Oeiober 17l», .nd . 
IJlhlilliiiitiliiiiUMilliiiiiiliii iifiiiiliTirj tniMf«T»d lo the 7tli hoMus in Um ^(w 
■K^UMtOM. Kcmcb's am pteMnKd bi# tyv. mUi tba Uat-iMau<uudTegiaMrtb 
btber'*lMB»MllM«i<»efe(n*taibeSocM(T V*rv«l in tba EUder Mpaditioa of ITSfL 
of Aatianariaa, ud b« a ii Mt hed to tba FlU- lakinft part in th* aetiou of 10 Swt. «iid 
wOluwHnMaiMOnfanikQtevMi picture*, w^^ « Oct. In Oirtnbr-r IRCR, bnine tbw 
two hundred toIkbm of Dooki. sad nwny IWutciunt-ocitoopl, br pinthul(«l wiOi hi* 
yj^iuble portfolioi of enlr priua. ' wg ii aa M foe Spn n i, aad in tbo following !>»• 

TatlM'Arcli»obpn'K(fTk&Coatnhuted:,eMaier«a«BennlrwtMBdedontiie pluH 

KchuU* lit. niutt.: Nieliob'* Lit. AaaoLj 
Wi]MB-iXi*DdtBBi*(ELuB«Vp->».| T.C.< 

br XaiT. iwribnir of Ednrd BwnM 
mralnui. Soflblk, waa bora «t hia Ikt 
■Mt, ilcxna Hall, saar Boagny, ta It 
He entered tlio annj- w floraaC in t(ki> lU' 
" •ttaiiii 

1 ' Some Obacnatim* on Ui« Gothic Uutld- 
i^ ahtoad, pnrticBUrfT than is I««[y. "* 
ott Oothic Arcbitoetnra in OonenI,' IMB, 
r»i. aKt-aSS. iUiia**»««d bj d«htt«n pUlM 
of^tcbaaaadMClioHofcatbednU. 2. '.io- 
MOat of aonc Lid«of Stoon Cofin* ducomred 
I81»,X»iir§aa a-'Ob^nratioiwuPOnaoeu! 
gMoichra] MonomaBta in Italy and Ft»a», 
nU, i»iii. Iftft-flfl. aooompawed by -i.-.i 
ulatca Biihw eWbnd by Ktimcb or c. . ! 
fri>nilii»«chiB(r». 4. 'Obaerraii I 
KM of tliu mrsterioiis figim O.] ' 
Piwiiin itie Architwtarc of theShil iv .i4i' -. 
and in O'lllik .^rcUitMturc,' 1830, xix, .'GS- 

of Lmm. He eooiBaBded \a» regiaant M 
iha paaM|t» of the Oleran, in the aetloti of 
SavTotanw, ai>d at tbn baitlaa of OrtltM and 

Tonlouae. At the battle of OrtbaatbochafM 
beaded by Lord Edward SonafMit, in wbicn 
KMtison with the 7tb bnaaar* took th* ehirrf 
pait, waa highly eonnaaded br the Uitko of 
W«llin{:toD (_Dt*patdit$, Tti. 440). 
Kcmmn awK eertod in the campaign of 

Nl '■. I wudi^hity woundadnt Wai^rino, 

r. I I. h'-Tv WM thot tuidar bjm : but bo 
I i;iriu<>-l ii-iih hi* rnaiBant, and took pari 
I <h.Hr>cciipatioa of Paria. On bia rvtum 
T'l I'ln^lftiu! hn iru nnmiantnl a command' 
of tbn lUlh. ruid knigbii-d o Jim. 1810. 

t aooovipaniudbyllftooni^iMcaatainiDX waxiuban^icDiIrcrvaird a baronet by pal 
oo^erthaniixty'livodnnaoftbofpauDd datod 'H JdIt 'lHi>t. lie remeoeotcd ■ 
plaa*aiidBKho»oriin';i<«tMolMaaaticaledi- bomuRb of Sh>Ae«bury from 1812 to Us 
BcM. both abroad nn't nt hom«- that of XortbaniptoB frain 1818 to iH^t.iind 

ApoathnmouH work of hia i« antitled ' A Kyefrom 18^10 1869, in tbaeonten-aiive >n- 
Oatauna of I I>e PrintH wliich have been en-, toratt. Pranotad to tho rank of liaoMnaal- 
ffKTod aftor Uanin Ueemskerck ; or tuker, i ipBaeral In 1837, h« hocanic RBnenU in 18SI, 
an F*«T towarda auch • OaUlogue,' Cam- and died at hi* houae in Oreat Slanhop- 
bridife, Iffiffl, 8to. Stt«jt, !»ndoa, on 9 Uarch 1S13. 

TbeponmilRof Bobert01ynn(aft<«wanla Kerrison married, on SO Oi-i. 1^13, Ma. 
Oloberv), M.D.rq.v.],ThomiMW«leof8h«l- Manha, daiufhtoroiAlesianderEUioeuf IN 
ford. \*T. Wnnnff, Jwieph Brovfup '4.v.\ r.-Tion-iT', t'lfnihire. By lier I10 had iaraif ona 
Imik Milner [q-T-l. WiUinm PeurcJi 'n t,\ „„,i, Kdwnrd Clarence Korriaott (6. 1821), 
"■"■■*""" "" " [Hvwnt harunet, and lhr«^ dniif[ht<>t«, th 

»ocond of wLoto, ICraily llnmetirf. IHiS 
inarried iu IfWI Thilip llenrv, viacou: 
Mnhna, t\v^ hiMnrinn, aYt«rwards ^ftb oarl 

1 11. T, 

r. 11. 1: 

Jamna Kentliam, Uobott Maalers, Or. Hill, 
and William Cola [q.t.] wen- eiitrraTwl by 
tlia brothert Facim, from drawinif" by Ki-r- 
ricli- A porlriiitdf Kcrrirh.iii>iiii<'d byH. P. 
Drigxa, R.A. 'r|. v.j, and formerly in tlio jwa- 
toMion of Mri. t'. M. IlHrt«h>>rne, wu en- ; [,!]„,. r^, isna, p. Sid : G«it. Mac. 1BS>. i. 

mved by Faciun in folin. and ia popied in stt; OntwJSiirriwfiaa. I8A3 ; FoWot'aPoai 

Nichol«"(i'Lilotnrr!llusttTiii.jn«.' Tliereina and BnroanuiKe: Cannon's Hi«. Baeonla o( 



rvplica of UriBJc*'" portrau tn Mugdnleno Col- 

Uf[e, Cambric^. 

(Privnlit information: Addil. MSS. SB24 f. 
IDAt.aSAf'm 108, I08,«e7*(.'ll'*: CiropnrH 
Annil«ofCanibTldjp»,iv. 8fi7:0»nl.Mai{,»tfriii. 
pt, li. p. I8S, ii»w "iriM, ir. 331 ; Onuluatl 
Ctelabr. ; tiuuaiDg'a KtmluiMeoMi^ ii. 76-(l; 

ink Army (7th Huauiti). pp. 76. 78.] T. S. 

KERRY. KxmimoF. [See FmaxM 
MiFBicB, 177l-l»19: Fnmmutv, 
Pbtbr Gi:-iiwii, 1808-1880.] 

KERRY. LoBWi. [See VmmmtteBi 
Tuoti*>, IOOii-15W), MStwnth Lobd ; Frr»- 




BAriuci:. P\mcE. 1661 P-1000, »«vente«iilh 
Laxp; KtTxx^riucB, Tiiohxs ir>~l-Kl3u, 
righiMDlb Lord.] 

KERSEBOOM, FltFUKItK-K ( lfi»^- 
laW). painter, bora ui 163^ kl S»liuiii?ii in 
Ocrmaiiv, atadieil painlinfi in Amstprdam, 
mniliii I'UOaetllsJinlWia, wbi-tv lu; worlipil 
Mudvr Clu-ti-B L« Itrun. Il« tiibtequeullj' 
««nt lo Rome, ud Tvmained tliMV for foiir- 
loen yean, two of wbidi be ip«iiit jxndn 
NwoLm PoiHHB.apfainmtlj rnfni«od in Innd- 
•otpc-^aintinff. On leaving Homu be euno 
to En^Mid,ir1icTnli«devi>t«lbiiiiaeU(op<ir- 
trait -pnui ling- Hb btat^knawn portrait is 
ifcM of Kobert Borle [q, v.], of wLcb iMure 
ftraTCoaoasai tbu Nttional I'ortniit Gollt'n', 
tlw Ro^al Socit-lT, and llamplon L'nort; it 
waa painiid in ItitW. Pep^ra. in a lottcr to 
Jobn ETrlyn, dated 30 Auff. 1669. writci tbat 
Boylr had ■ newly hvtma pn-Tuvkil with by 
l>r. Katfi to kave bis bund tuki-a by uiii.' uf 
murh 1mb« Damv tliun Kiwllvr & A ttraiig'. 
oob CauMbou.' Itislliia1e(«-r perliap8 tint 
haa M to tbe notion tbat Kerffboom wmi 
relaltd to ibn fctrut Kholar, CDniibiin. Hi; 
paint4<d a portrait of SonbU Diirothca, wifo 
of Grorgin I, from wbicb tliero it a MariM 
■Doaotint msraTing by William FaitliaTmi, 
)un. A fcw otber portniiis by Ketteboom 
wen engraved. Kvnubuum di«l in London 
la IflBO, and vaa biiried in Si. Andrew's 
niairk. llolbom. 

rW,tlp«ia'K Anocdotn of Paintlii|[. ed. TTor- 
bob; IM(ntii'> Did. of Artiult; Alirrplnrio 
da P. J. Hui»l(e: Chai'iuuT Smith's I!rilirli 
lf>nini»lii rmliiiii , PepTi'sbiktyandLorra- 

■ k] U C. 

Biatbumatician, son of Antlioiiy I'nnutyc or 
KctMiy and Alice Fenimorv, vnu baptixi) 
at Bo(Uool«, omr Ranbarv, Oxfordshirn. on 
S3 Not. 1610 (cf. H&ikjd:, Coll., «1. Doblt-. 
Oxf. Hi«t. Sot, ii. 11)- Kcrwy uarlv cniue lo 
LoDdon.wlKTcbesvemi toliave bud reliilive» 
(cf. ttnlit!f!OS,Jify.MerrAant Taylurt'Srkti"!, 
I, lot ; I'litsixK. Lort^on Marriayr Lirntft, 
p. 7(N)),and eainod a tiTalihoocI a* a tooclier. 
At firw <]<S>iO) be lived at tb* comnr bonne 
( opfotit» latlM>^VIiilrl.ion>inChitrlHfitrvL-t, 
Be*r tlw piaJtu in (.WrnI t Intdcn. but uf^*^r- 
wardalBOVvd to Cbnndus Stiwl, ^t. Murliu's 
l<ailV. Ilewai acqukiiiti'd witb Jubti (.'ulliliv 
[q. v.],tbc'attanieT-K«iu>ral ten lb.- mmlip- 
matici.'wbopenuadeufaLin to write )ii« work 
on alj^liTa. He ww a Mend of I'Mmund 
Wingtt« [<]. V.', and *dilnd th« (econd ihII- 
ttuB of bia ' Arithmrtin ' in 1t!A0. and sub- 
•eqiwint U«ii»a till 10X3. Kcnry obtJiLatJ a 
WMC Te|>utalion as at«ac)ieTof mBlb(>marlc8. 
At on* lime be vat tutor to tlie dout of 

Sir Alexander Ilmtnn of Hillcsiipo IlnnM, 
B>ickiiigliiuiiiibir«, ' nhusc fniiiily/ be writM, 
•guve bolb birlb and Dourishmcut to liii 
mnlhemalical »lndie« ' (lUemftilt, Ded. ; cf. 
llKjiRici:, Oill. ii. tl). To bis piipih Alex- 
ander and Kdnnind Denton he dedicated 
Ills first and nrincipnl orieiiial irork, ' Tlie 
EI«Mn«nts of MntJietnnticnl .\rt, rnnimonly 
called Algebra.' in two folio volumes, dated 
respectively IK'S nnd ltl7l, A portmit of 
the author, by Faithcmc, won prefixed to 
the tint volume. Both H'allis and OolliiiH 
wrote in liffS in the higheit Ienn» of their 
anticipntioRii of this vrork (cf. Cbmrp. qf 
SmrTtliJir Mm, ii. 651; and NicilOU, lal. 
iZ/ii/frn/ioM, ir.46),anjdonit«piihliGa(ion it 
became a standard authoritr. It wuslionout^ 
abljr mentioned in llie • Pbuosopliical lVan>> 
action*' (viii. 6073-4), and vma cunmended 
bylliitton. Ker«ey'a method of aleebdravrna 
employed in CockeVs ' Arithmetic of I7(M. 
Kr'Tvuy is tnid (, tlirl. n/Hantury, 
p. 4i''ri) to liavedi^'d about 1077, but the dale 
must be lati-r, lu thn eighth edition of Win- 
gate was edited by him m 1(183. laibi-icnth, 
publlabed ill KM), be U ntokun of as -late 
tfacher of the Mutbenuitiou.* 

JuiiK Kt3isi:Ttbe younger (j(. 1720), luxi- 
COffnipher, son of Jolu Knsey the elder, witb 
whom he bnit b™n mncb ConftiMd, revised 
the work of his father in thn fourte«ntli edi- 
tion of Winjrati' (1720). nnd be, more pro- 
bably than his father, conlribiitnl the ■ h'm- 
coiirsu to an unlenmed Prince' to the 'Tmnis- 
lation of Plutarch's Slomls,' which appeared 
H»4-B (rejiubliibed 1S70). He waa mainly 
occupied with lexiovraphv. The sixlb edi- 
tion of Phillips'* • New \\"orld of WonU,' 
which wnn piiMisbMl in 1 70C waa edited by 
hiiu ( IUcf. Aiigltt-llritannifum, 1 708). 
Ho gfi-ntly udded to the numbr of words (cf. 
H- B. U' H Eii Lf-t;, ■ ("bronoloKirnl Notice of 
tile UiftionariiM of the Ivnglish LnngunH*',' 
in Prm. FkU. &c. lt*(55), and publiiilied n 
seventh edition in 1720. Another diciiimnry, 
the ' Now Knglltih Dictionary.' uf wliidi the 
ilrtc edition is «aid to have appeared in 1 70^ 
(2nd 171.1, Srd 173], Ac), wns aIm awigned 
on the iiile-pn|n> to J. K., but Keraey'a re- 
spoiwibilJIy for the work ha« hern qunt ioned. 
In 170t*waB printed his' Diet ionariuni.\n|[lo- 
Uritauu>cuin,(Mimprvhendiu^- a brief ex plica- 
tion of all aone of diflicuh words ;' n new 
edition in ITIQ contained 'words and phraaiiS 
made line of in our ancient Malutee, old re- 
cords, pbnrti"-r»;' the third edition appeared in 
I7l'1, The dnt* of hii death i« nnc«rlain. 
From Kersey's ' It'ictionariiim ' Cliniterton 
Itorrowcd part of his arvhnic vnenbnlnry (cf. 
Pbofi^or Skwt's cMay in V/tntltTton't 
Porm^. Aldine ed., ii. xxx tq.) 




JOmngpr'K Biog, Hirtory. iv. HI , informBtiuD 
kindly Buppli~-I liy <ltp R-'v. A, SlioH ; nulbori- 
T.iw qur-L^ . l>e iSargna's Arillinitticiil tbiuks. 
pp. 48, as, 13; Bivig.Bril. (Snppl.). p.3*; Nol« 
and Qucrin. 4tli ter. vii. 32S,] 

KERSHAW, JAMES (i:.1WM797). 
nwtliodiit proo^W, A uatii«or IlitlifikX,iriu 
biimuboul irSO. Ho joined 11 Swinian club 
in HDlirftx.wIiose muinbiT* dppiitticl him und 
atiollier, in ITKl.tq nlTond a Kiirmon li> be 
deliv«irt<d by MoniTrVniin [n-r.] nt llu^d^ts- onler'tofumUhmntliTol'myrrim^Dt 
for the? orxt mocTiitiit.* Itui Ki-rahnw h!r iho 
oburrh afliT tliv ipnaou itxclaiming, ' 8arr>l]r 
(Jod is in ihij plsci- ; llitce i* "o mntlur for 
tBUKliicrWr?.' lluniWequentlvcall«cloii thu 
piuHL'liiir, wuH converUd, and Witmu one of 
Vwiii"'" constant ponwiKindfnt* (Lifr ""«( 

LetUim/ Hrniy/ Vfhh, 1 H3I(, piumi m ). 

K^'fdliiiw cofiu nft■'^ward^ bccuuie kuown 
pnniod Jiihc \Vi;«1<.-y on luure than 0110 i>oca> 
B\an in his rapid ji)urtLi->i) abijiit ihe north of 
Gn^Iniid. \ir si'UliHlilVmiiftt nniiiJibQfwiioli 
nbuut 17T0, nijil wbh fumimi' in llm iniiRli- 
biMirhood for hi* <]iinrk iiK''diciiii4. He alill 
conliiiui"! to pmnch, but only nt irreffiitor 
int<?n-aU,nnd ocpupicd hi» Icinun.- in writio^. 
Ill dii'd nl .V*liby-cti.'-k-Zoucb in 1707. 

Itcsidcs »omi' I nictB KitiIi 11 w w rolo ; 1 . ' An 
Duav on ili<? Priiicipiil Purl- of the Booli of 
tliD KiTTPlatioTia, in a serjos nf Dia1<>pneii l)o> 
tw«Dii Didiiskaloi und l'liTlolbfn«,'8im!ktna, 
1780, '2 vols. 13mr>. 2. -Yhf M,-tb™ii>.t ot- 
t«mpl<^(I in Piaiii MwI.pc,' 11 toil of Wmk-van 
t^]lic, piibtiJu'd al Nottineham in 17W), but 
uol appfovfd by Wrili'y, who funwd it mi^hl 
di.'t^f tbi' (Afft from tM-ruamd morv etUfymg 
work*, nnt! dntcrmimid benc«forth to *ler- 
ciiiRn(!L-iiiior»hipovpTrat.'lhudiat jiublir-nlinnii. 
S. 'TbcOrandand Ux tensive Plan nf lliimiin 
ItuduinplioD, from the litiins otXh* VaW . . . 
in Iwxlv* familiar ItialopiM,' I^uth, 1797. 
A noto apMindcd to Ihli volume stnio* that 
Kmhnw died ' nhortly nft^r ihii work was 
put to pn»«.' 

Ahthitk Kbeuiiaw {JI. 1800), apparently 
Jnmeti Kcnlitiw's son, was educated at \Vi>i- 
ley's »eb«.'l iieiirKingswood. Hoeontributfld 
to the'. Monthly Momiine,' and WMnmployud 
by Iiondoii bookMUoM hi tha nnlnri^nirrnt of 
Walker's 'doiKtMir' And vtmilar work at 
ilie bepnnina of thi- pn»cnt cuoiury. 

[Atmon'* Mcthadial Memorial, p. )!8; Tysr- 
niivn'K W««!«y, ii. 6SI. lii. Ul : Crcj««ll» HJBt, 
of FrintiDt: in .Niittinsbnoi, p, 37 ; 8iti||:. Diet, 
c^ Liring Aiithar^ p. lS8; Kenbaw's mirk* in 
Brit. Mqii. Libnu-y.J T. B. 

KKWffl.AKB, TQOUAS f|t413-1i4fll), 
iMOhMllar. bom in Emim in July D^li', pro- 
ceeded in I ^8 to Brutol,uid mod aftcnvarda 

commenoed businew U * •ecODd4iarad b(Mk- 
»plk'r in Parton Altof, logwthw wilb hit 
bruther-in-Uw, Samtiel Corainb. In 1^30 
till) p«rtnMsbip WM dlMoInd, and KenUk* 
rnmovod to a nhop at the bolima of Park 
Street. A diumtri-ms fire occuTn^l W* ia 
186(X Kerdake continued on tbo wme aiu^ 
however, until 1870, vhen lie rvmOTad to 
Queen's lioad, and abortlrafterwardiirBttrad. 
For over lueuly j«anan«rhiji rvtti«m«nlb* 
devoted himKli lo anliqiutian controwny. 
Ker»lalce died at hi* private n»idene<-, Wif»- 
frpd, Ctevedoo, on 5 Jan. It^l. Hia w'ifc, 
Catherinn Morpui. a native of Baib, prod^ 
ceoiKd bitn in lts87. lie bad no baue. 

PreviouK to ihi- lire, in which many work* 
of (treat value and scarritv won* doftro^^ 
Kerslake had amaMod s collection otpcciall^ 
valuable in ita antiquarian and ardurolo^ 
cal deparUneint«. He vnu aUo durtin^nu*!!^ 
lu an antiquary. Thnuj^hnelf-tangh^tie bad 
ngood coratnnndnf Lulin and of modem lan- 
gnages, and hi* ieries of articles and patn. 
phli-ta on anticjuurian subject* i* remarkahlr 
nllke for t>hre«dneM and originaiitv. Ket»- 
litko's individual it J is well rxemplined in hii 
sturdy defi'iicp of th« hiitoric phnuw ' An^o> 
Saxon' (*>'e infra), 'lit* pompbleta won 
tisucdly pabliihed nt bin own expenae ' (ct . 
Prtie. ."Somenrt ArrJiioloff. Afmr. IHOS). 

The feUowinjt are Kei«lalie's chief work* : ' 
1 . ' A Vindication of the Autognphs of Sir 1 
KoBer dp f Joverley'a " Peircrse Widow " and j 
her " Malicious Confident " f^in n di«|HiragiiiK| 
stnlement thrown oul in Ihp " Atbwnirum, ' 
UriBroiriS.jfij.Svo. 2. ' Sninl Kwen, Briirtol, 
and thy'"W..1*h Border, circitcr A.ft. fi:7-W«,' 
Itriitol, 1 S7.'), fivo. 3, ■ A Primeval ilriliih 
I Motropoli*, w^itli nomn Notes on llie Aneieet 
Topoprnphr of tho South- Wwl«ni Peninsula 
ofBntain/BriMol, 1877,8vo. lteviseOaadr»- 
oditod.wiih odditiims, imder the title ol'Caar 
Metropolis,' LondM. 1882^8*01. -1. ' Tmcnaof 
the Ancient Kin^om of Damnnnia, out«ide 
Cornwall, in remains of Collie llnciolo^iy,' 
London, ISTS.Sro. 6. ' VeirtiRea of the Sa- 

Sremacy of Mt-friji in the Souih of England 
urinff llip Kijilith Ontiir^,' Bristol, I STB, 
Hvfi. 8. 'Tbn\Vord"Metropoli!.."' -TbeAn- 
dent Word".-\nplo-Saxon. ' An^o-8k«in 
Briitol und Fo«ail Taunion.' Thno «»m.y, 
Briiitol, 1880, 8vo. 7. ' Tbo CUtio Sab- 
strutuin of England,' I..ondon. 18S3, Bra. 
B, 'The I.ibertv of Indniicodenl. DiMorioal 
lt«aearch,'ljoncton, If^ii, !ivo. 'nii»iaaiwi»e- 
what cauctic ntlacJt upon the office of her 
Minituty'* in«]>i!Ctor of unciunl tnonumenta, 
nml on'a pmliminarr report entitled ' Kxca- 
VDUnn» in the Pen Pils, Pen »ul wood, Somdr- 
ittt,' iMued by the flr»t bolder of the officOk 





-Kivt^rs. 9. *OvflB.lkt>Sclr 

>I»tlV«l't-»,'8ooi*tf*t, 1W7, 

I Mid littt*mtonr,*.D,T00-7:W(prirAtclT 
piiDU<d). ISfNX 

[lofom^lua kindlj •applied bj Mr. WiUinm 
Ofom. BriiMl ; AlbMiiiuu, 10 J&a. ISSl ; 
Koniak*'* WoriM (far k Aill liK t>t wbi'oh mc 
IihWk UiialiMtD* or tba Somiraot Acelinolofnciil 
Soart7Librar7.'IteMa«i,18S0,p.tl9).] T. S. 

KETCH. JOtlN, cnnmonlv known as 
'Jack Krn'ii \4. IiW6>,cxe«iiionM', i* mip- 
po««l to h«vf bwn ite immwliale suocmmf 
in tine ulBcv vf h>Qf(Tiwn to Edirard Dun. 
who bad in his tun aticoe«d«d lUoliard 
Bruidan rq, v.J.UwezecutranprarCliArWI. 
Th« )«n Ieiwhh ntmaat to ' Squint ihin> ' 
offieUI ftrliTiTT ia in a enriocifl pnmnhlct 
dated lOU. Rod Milltlcd ' (Jui chctat ckela- 
Utur, or 'IVlHini cbcBt<d," ll i» believed ' 
tkat Ki'tf ll took vtCirv in tbe following yi-ar, ] 
I printed uotk« of the u«v btuguun i 
until 'J IW. 107^ wlien a broadmde 
PBnd calUO ■ Tlie l^t>ti«re Bnlind, being 
ci K(4cb'« iMOBiptTsliln lUcipt for the 
■rr of Trajtoroiu IWaHUitit,or nholeaomn 
PbvMrkfar* 1'o|iiiihCcRit«|[ioii.' (>n tho lup 
fif the (bivt ti A womleul, in which is npn>- 
"" tit€!d Edwud Coleman [ij. t,] dinwu in a 
igv to the pUm df execution, exclainiitic, ' 
ktt'k or a Iraylorous dJMiasi*,' while i 
dt Ketch, wilb a halcbet in oiw band and ' 
' ill (lie oditT, i« Myitig, ■ l[»r«*4 your ' 
, Mr.' In 1679 it amiears from anntbvr j 
■plilel pitqiortinx (o bcirrilUii br Krlrh ' 
eli and tnlillrd ' Tbn Man of ikiliiiy'ii 
tortiine,' that the bantnnan wu con* ' 
for a (line in tbe MarshuUea prLsi>n, ' 
.cby bin boneful barrmt lem lik'? to ' 
been blasted.' A tiliurt eiitrv in the 
of Aiirhony ii \\ ood for 
Avg' l'*f6l nvttn bow iilpplwn t'oUpge 
bua^ in Ibo (Wtk- Van!, (Kforil. ami 
'whvin he bad luni^fl uboiil linlt' an hour, 
wa» cmt down liy Oilch or Ki-lch, und qunr- 
Mnd nnibT thu gallows' (i-f 7/wr, M-S.S. 
Omuk. \'2lh Rep. Api'. vii. It*'^). In n \iam- 
phlM probaUv written \>y h«<tch liiniBelf, 
ktid «nlil1«d ''Th* -Vpolop* of Jntm Ketcli, 
Enjitire* (tbe titUi «f '«*qiiini' IkIii^ Mill 
clumMl hf tlio battgmMi in onntirmntinn of 
tli9 anna p«ni«d to Kich&rd Ilnuidnn), in 
' rindieatMn «t binuelf an ti iliir' ri^eciuion of 
the late Lord Kuawll. 31 Julv IWhH: Krich 
nfiodicted ibe chatve that be liad been giTi'h 
■twenty vuenniM too iiighl b^un> thut ufter 
tbe firM blow my lord »hoii!ii My, " You 
do^, did I fi»e TOO l«i ptmnnio* to ns* mrt 
•O inhoHianl V f lln attributed the liun- 
Xlii^ of the esocution (dcfcribrd by Hrrlyn 
as done in a 'bntrhcrty fnabian') to the tact 

ilioc Lonl Ituwell 'did not di«pow> hirosrif 
tor rrmiving Ihe &ta] atrokn in eaeh a pnai- 
tion a4 wa« most sutabl«,' and tliut ho moved 
hit bodj, while be himself ' rtvenv'd somo in* 
Icmiptioo jiieta^ he was taking Aim.' Kclcb 
action lo whifih alluiinn la mocli* ui in^'rfey'a 
popiilnr't!utloT'i(Jho*t'(ll!fti), Tiith«'. Sup- 
plement to thfl liut Will and TeRtdBieDt of 
Aiitbony, Earl of Shnftoibiiry * (1683, fbl. 

f. !i), KelL'h is n-ferred to under the iuuqd of 
^tc)i as a {lenon of n(tablit>h«d iviiulation, 
and in the epilogue to Dryden'a 'lluke of 
tiuio'' he i» termed an 'excellmtpbniciaa.' 
Fmmi the fact Ibnt the tnaaor of Tyburn, 
' w'liiTe ftdona are now and for lime out of 
mind bare bum rxi-ciUHd,' wnn l<aM>d for n, 
considerable time durinjt tli^. ftnTpnt4i<Tilb 
optiturj' to the family of Jacijuet. Arthur 
Coltliie, ill hi* 'Memorials of the Siitncys,' 
aa«Uiueii tbnt tho ' name of the executioner 
haa corruptly been calkil Jack Ketch.' But 
thin, which iru writtfn in 174il, can hardly 
bo n'ganird aa mor* than an ingenious theory 
(Cul.U.>(», i. M). 

At Monmouth's execution, Ifi.luly ltt85, 
Ketch plHyed a pnimin«at port. Motimnuih. 
in bis addMMtuhim on th« ncAtlblil.ulliideci 
to hi» treniitteut of Ruisvl], and tliii uppearB 
to have totally unnened Liui. .\flvr three 
ineffecinnlblowsliotlirewdonn the axe with 
the wordis ' I can't do it,* and was only in- 
duced to cnmplt^ti' big tahk by llie threiitu of 
the nh^fift*. Sir .loliu Hmmj-lon (AHlnMi-ff. 

S. ll)L') and otlierKconSnutlie fact llint. Kutch 
L-alt ut leiiit live KirokM, and oven then, nc- 
oonling to Macuulay, ho had recourst- to a 
knife to coin pie I ely setrr the heiid from the 
trunk |MAL'An..tT, l/i't.; .Souitrf Tractt, x. 
36+Ji). In January H»li Ketdi, for Birrnnt- 
ing ill* (diwiff, w** turned mit of bis place 
niid nommitlod to ItTidevell. one Pnsrha 
HoKc, n butcher, taking hii piece. Itiit on 
2H May following How hitnwifniui hanged 
at TvUum and Ketch wii» rcimtated. 

His bebaviourat tile execution* of Ituisell 
audMuumouth,com1jiueilwiih the prominent 
poeition he occupied in carrying out the b&r- 
Wouf nentcncea pasted on Titus Ontee and 
his f.'lIow» (ef. TiioxDOX, Loj/nl /Vnw. 1686, 

f. 'Ji)l ), gnjntly increiwed Ketch'* nolorioty. 
his won [wrpctuatcd bv the natural applic:^ 
tion of luH namo to t)ie exi^utioncr, who 
regulnrly figured in lh<! piip|Hr[-iJiow dnuua 
of ' Punchinello,' inlroduci.-d into ICii^'Innd 
iu^T about thio time frc-m Ituly, and p'jpu- 
isriwd br Itobert Pow«ll [q. v.] end otiien 
dnring tie r*ign of Anne. A l«t<ir ' From 
Cboron to thit Miwi iltuitrioux nnd High 
Bom Jack Ketch, Kcnrr.,' in Tom Itrnwn's 
' Letters Iruia thrDcnd to thcI.Jving'(1703, 

fi, 48), (bim-a thst the office ot «xecat*oiier ' 
ma nrrMOB apeoklly idnidfied wilh hla | 
hmm. xbM Ketclt deMrred hit npatUlion i 
for excMiive knil inbiinun bftrbtritv i^ rvn- 
•ieni verTprob«bl«i by a l«lor frwn Ur. . 
IIuttonto'nioinMOoaaCM',D.I>.[q.r.',dcaD ' 
of DuriiDin, datiHl 4 Dec 1686, in vihiOi it u 
Hitl-Mr.[damu<aiJobBMm[l&l» lTU3,q.v.' 
wu wttipped on WedliMdajr, but civillv uati 
bj the miT haagnuB.JAclE Ketdi being Lutwd 
two d«n beioTO.' It appesnithicnfuiv, that 
K«t«jk died towards Uw clcse of fiovember 

A llctitioii* ' Aiitobiognphy ' of Ketcb, 
witli illuKlnitioiu from drsi^n b_v Meadow*, 
WM nubliatinl in [^i, na-i a ' Life of Jack 
Kclcli wilh l'ul» of liii ')wn Kxwulion ' wn» 
amontctbeliuitKirouii titk-flfitniiilii-sl bj^Tom 
Hood (or th« Duke of UevuiuikiK'd Ubrarj at 

[Lnan-U* IliarT-, i. 171. 153; Motn and 
Quorin. IM wr. xii. 393. Iiiil tor. x!. Ifil, S£6, 
311, 117. 6lh Mr. zi. 340. filO: Butlsr* Uiuli- 
braa, ed.ZMb. Grojr, 11. 341 ; Erplyn'i lAiav, i>. 
182; Bamel'i 0«n Tima, 1. 646; Aliteaiiltj'* 
nillsrr, chap. v. [•.30(1 (iKipulnrnL); Whrallev 
and CiiDniii([liain'> Lomlun. iii. 4181 Uoiwa 
lkblaBi)ok.p.W4: Bnt.MuiLCai,: antberiitM 
qnolad in tvst, Pirai'i' '" CiiriHlin MtMalbinta. 
Bt^M that K«MhVr«al ntimv ynu <.'4l«b: ami 
Qflnt ia b» Cutiag I>ici. cjUU bim Kiicb,] 


KETEL, COHNKI.IS a«8-l«1B). for- 
trnit-pninlitr, bom at <roii(lu in [liillnndon 
1« March I64f. wii» llir illrpitimnif aim of 
Qovcrt Jaaix run I*roy<rii. nud cf I'llirubulli, 
dailgblurofJiiciib Kvlrl. Ilisfutbrr'n daiiuli- 
lor WM iBurried Id WouIit l'ii.'t*fM Cf«- 
birtk, lljit foiiHiiiB gtiiiui-jMiiiiipr lit (i'>iuln. 
Krtf^l hIi^iwhI nil cnilvaiitiliidn for pnm tine, 
ond n'lu tiiMrurlc-d in tlic nrt, I'liivcially in 
|[lnM-pitimiiiff,b]r bixiiiioK C'omrtuJucKbiu 
hutrl, al UoiJila. Tkcrv hiit work ultraL'lisl 
ibi'iiiitict'iif till' fi:l>t*»-l>ii inter DirkCnibetb, 
bri'llicr of WoiLliir nol.Tu; Crnlwtb. In 
ItVlft Ki'dil W"nl 111 IWll to Wiidy nnd«-r 
Anibonii* lllocklnndt, imd lhi-nc« iii IBfMl lo 
I^rnlici', when' bu vrn" nMupjalcd with utllr'T 
jroiiiiR nriintn friim tbe Nnlburlanda on work 
at iMiiiluinoblrnii. n<- r^nidcd for aomo limo 
Ml I'nriK Willi tb" murtglajw-pniiitcr, Ji'onde 
U lUin^o. In l-VtK brrniuniodtolioiulo. to 
avoid ihr ndiili'iiiit wiir» in Fnini'i-. and jirnr- 
tiand tbcni fur *i\ yi'ani. In Ifira hi- cuinc 
lo Kniilnnd, and worked iii I^adon for eight 
ynarit. 1l<i lo<l)tDd vrilb a Rtatiinrv.whoiraa 
li fri<-iid ot \\\» iindn, and mri^irnj commin- 
tioiiKfriim ibi' llannit nn'rcbunln at t1ii> HipoI- 
jrard. lli"Mfll''d tbnl » miTv'Knnt friend pn" 
•anteil lo Sirrbri»l')['br'r Ilntton [q, v.j nn 
iJlagurlcal painling iy bim of ' force ^ an- 

qniifaed b^ Wiwlom,' and dial be tbua aIk 
taiaed an iBirodiieiioa to 4Murt tirrlm. Tl« 
WKhiubMdl)'«oon obtained akigfa rvjiutation 
aiiKiiig ibo En^Uib noliUiiy m u poriraii- 
{mlntcr. lie painted llatton al full 1»nglb 
mon.- than unc<! : cxampJccof the portrait ai<r 
in ibe coUvctioiiH botk of tb« Hail of Wi»- 
cbiUa (Tudor ExkiUtioo. I8t)0. No. »15> 
and of VlaooHBt Dillon at Ditchley I'ark. 
Oxfonl*biTV. Ilv a1»optinted, among otbun, 
Ilaniy i'iunlno, «at1 of Arund«l (one is in 
tho ci^Wiion of tlie Diiko of Norfolk at 
Arundd Caxllo (Tndor Exbibilion,]8no, No. 
LMIV and anoibcr in tbat of tbr Sfai^uia 
of Italb at Loo«li«t, WilisbinO: Edward 
Cliniun, fir»t earl of Lincoln (in the mllec- 
tion of (li» Ihilw of Bedbnl at Wobiun 
Abbey) ; Junea namiltan, aeroud oarl of 
Amn (in (he collecrlioii of tli« Puke of 
llnmillon at Hnmillon Pnlare)i Edward 
\'crr. earl nf Oxford i Sir Jaiu'v Gmliam 
(lo79) (in tho ooltcctinn of (!. W. I^rVeaon- 
Oower at Tittey): and ^ir (ipori^ IVnnid- 
docke(TudorEibibiliou,l*Jll,No. L'*i). In 
1A77 Kelel wasemploved to paint furtjueen 
KliialMband ilio Cnikay ComiwDy portraita 
of Sir Martin Frobiaher [<]. v.] and ibe Baqui- 
mnux brought bach by Fudi io tlnstand fram 
(IrooOuid ; na well as of Frobidier a libip, ilia 
Oakriul. Tbe portrait of Fmbiiknr ia now in 
the Bodleian Library al Oxford (Tndor Exki- 
bition. It^W.No. U»7), In 167UthcDticlMW 
of Suinenttt receiicd Bliiabctli in atat* at 
Ilaiiwi.irtli. Middlesex, nndbi-ritOD.tbi! Karl 
nf lIiTlfonl, Kioployed Kelel to paint n uoi^ 
Irnit of the ijinii-n io cotobrate tlip (rccaawn. 
Ki'ii-I retumod to Koliand in I'liSl, bavi 
miirri<;d in Kudaiid A oilman (Adelaide) 
rita, by whom lit! bnd a aon, ItapluMi, * 
at AmatiTdttm on 1« Nov. 1681. 

Ketel now MltM al Amnterdnin.wberv b* 
quickly b«<mne the leadiug Mrtmit-paintor. 
nowra«ca]>ccia]ly patroniaed by tb« guilds of 
markamcn, for whom bcpaini'ed eomo laiv* 
irroDpaof port milt, and woa tho forerunner III 
tW line olFntnilJaliandVanderHelnl. Two 
of the»e [lorlniit-groiipi arc now in ihc Ityki>- 
inu«eiimalAiu«tenlam,on«, painted in 1^88, 
Khowinn n group under the cotpoiaUJiip of 
Ilirk lioitpncran* ; th<- other waa fiiuali^d in 
ICHU. Four limilnr piclniv' in tli« saoii! 
nrnaeuui are ndribolrd to Kftd. and [lor- 
trnils of Jacub Itna. burpjmmier of Am«t«r- 
iliini, ill l.*iM|,am| of OrieljuCoddi-.bis wife, 

fninloil in IfiHII, atv ill the Mme rotWiion. 
imr |Nirlrnit« by Kelel atv in tlw colloo 
lion of Mr. Iluiro (iovira at ihe Ilof^r. 
Oan-l van Maiider. ibu inlimat* friend and 
bioBTapliw of Ketel. who wrolf while Kctel 
«.ii» atill living, pivn* a list of tho prinripal 
works exsaited by Kotol iu Aaiatcrdam, tn- 



ylinKty tut ■IWoriul Ukd poMicitl jimtliiC' 
tioa*. From Ihiu wn le«ru that Krli-l in 
hu Uur joan took to modeltio^ iu w&x, 
yainting cntiitJ)^ with bU fingvM iu»t««J of 
iKnabM^ ftnd finally in lUUO jMinliiie with 
U> feet •lone. K«ivl ditvl st Amsterdun in 
1016, uiil iTM buried on 6 Auc. in th* old 
cbareb Ibnv. In a will da.tA 10 Blorcii 
1610^ to wkich bn addrd numnroiu cmiicilit, 
W Btniliotui bii wir«, Aollgcn Jaas, ngipu* 
KBBthr lui •ccond •kiSv, and » boh Andnuo, 
'wfao died vnung. 

Ktftrl rn^qUHiitl/ painted bis owB poT- 
tmit : or^, at ll&mpcoiiC'Mirl, waaengraved 
hf It. }i*Ty. Tvpo •lUworicnl piciiiiM by 
bioi, 'TV Triumph of Virtue and 'Tlw 
TriiuBphof Vicf,';uiiit«iriiran AnMtMdam 
ONirchMM, wcrv iiubn«jui.-iitlT in llie ci>tlnc< 
tioBof tbeDukeof Ftuukinj-liam. Ket«lwaa 
one ot th* mMt ri-markablu pontait-painMvs 
tit hie titiit\ and eucli vrorw of bia as have 
•BiriTed arw otf tha bi^heal inionwt. V'mtt 
Ia«ac«,tli»hiii«u«paiDturin i)RDmarli,wa* 

[dual Tan SUndtr's Lim dcs PifintTM, ad. 
Tlja»iia.inil1 . niiiliiii"«^iiiriii ■! iti ilwITjl* 
naaaaaMin AiiMM<i*n> : HndliuVChtalagiiaof 
Um BjrkiBiiwaBi ; TaurtCa L'Art Chrltlon «a 
HeUaada. >i. I 'A i 0«d UolUad. iii. 74 i Obi«ra<*a 
AreUrf Toor NcdarbadMho Kanft^eKbledmi*, 
lil. SI. At. i VirTtM'i DISS. (Ite-it. Mb*. Add. 
MA. 2»M8) : Kehwfit Catnlcfue uf I'icturH' at 
Vobuia Abbaj ; Lttr'* CataUKua of tho Tit- 
WwalHaaitilonCosrt: TiiJnrEibiliiimnCatn- 
tagm.] I.C. 

1 1M), lingiognipJier, veil* a <»iion of I3«rii(^ 
U^. Ml- vrmlp a narrativn 'lie Miracilli* 
Saudi Joaunia IfaiTrtLuvniiia,' irlicn;in ho 
aay* that be hul flnt^r cDlrrpcl lhin)[> uf irbicb 
hn bad pewaaal knantHlgr- or wliicb lii.' Iind 
iMnit from otbera worth v ofcn^lit. Alniott 
all that hr rvlalea look pfacp dnrinc the rvi|ni 
of William I (1U66-«T>. K«el dedicated )ii* 
k, accordiuKCo ibe vi-mon in ibo ' Acta 
■tD,' lolliuntia. ptioar of BeinrK')- in 
lOl.or.Heordin^ loLplandjIoThMnafiiirior 
r 1l<-v>'r)nT. OnoTfaoHMts wan prior in 1092 
__llid annTbcr in IliH. But Bir.lUine points 
Out (bat itii- 1 mil I*!.- contains i]i*atation« from 
Aclntl uf llt-i rrli')'. wboae chronicle waa 
whitm alaiul II5UI nod that t1iM« was a 
mior Tliurfiin wbo died in 1163 or IlIU. 
TaunrT n rlctiilv lutitakrn in KivioS Knt<-1 
ibo iiat« 1320. tlip c<lit.>r> ciftbc ' Ilitloim 
infrain- ' comudrT that Kvtvl (or Ki-wl a* 
ifll it)n*iuii Norman orFrrncliJiamv; 
«u|^eata that it ia a corruption of 

' MtramUf ' » given in llie ' Acta 
SancloTvm,* 7 May, 17S-ft, Snl edit.; in 

tho PTi^nal «ditton it wa> pfinlnJ fmin a 
trantcnpt Mpplinl bjr lA-aodrr IVitobard ; in 
ihu last rdttioD this rcrnon is eo11at*d wiib 
B copy inCotton.MS.FBa*tinBB.iT. fT. llM^- 
trSti. It is also printed by Mr. llainn iit 
' Hislorikna of the Churoh <>'{ York and its 
Archbisbo^' i. 361-91 (liollsSer.) Ket«l> 
stfl* is pious sad diffuM, and his work is of 
litilvininnTa; h« is nam«d u the nulbor bjr 
a (X'niiiiiiator ot (lightly lat«r dsUh Bale 
nKribii lu bim two otbnr traatisea, ' De K«bii» 
Urvcrtaccnsis Eoclesi» ' and ' VilnS. Joauiiis 
ll«vi>rlH(.-vQu> ; ' but his stiitemenl i« not 

|LrlBii>l'sCanin)riit.daSrriptt.p. lT5i BaU.r. 
rt : Pii», p. «ll: Tnaner'sBililBnt-Uib. p. IT«; 
Hint. Liu. do In Frani*, viii. 317-1 !J; llardy's 
Dntdpl. Csl. Brit. Hist. iii. 309; BollandlHU' 
Acta Saiicl. T 3lay, 173-B, and App- : BaiM's 
Itlslorinni of tho Cbiudi i:^ York sod its Ar«b- 
bisbopi^i. p. lit.] C. 1...K. 

KETHE, WILLIAM (rf. IOCS?), pro- 
ttutaut diiinu, is Rvnersllv brlievfd to have 
Imn a nslivu of tSootland. Ht* van one of 
tbi-oout'cv^tiuuofptotMlanlvxilMSt Frank- 
fort during: TJic Marian p«r«ecutiou in Decctn- 
her lSr>l lltrifjr tiut«art, p. 20). Dnring 
the rituali'lircontrovvrsiMomonKthn nxiks 
in Novcmbi'r 15.541, Kellw, witii WlUinin 

j WhittinKhBrn Lq-v.] nnd titbcrs, rtinoTpd i<i 
UeiKVB (is.) Ili-rc lio wuB fmjuuDtly em- 
ployiMj by 1 III? Ktif^i*!) cDHRrvitaiiui] as a det<^• 

I and when Mary diMl (IS-it) waSM'nt to visit 
and confer with various bodies of refugMSi 

' for th« purpote of bringing about rvooo- 
ciliAtion and nnity of action. lie stem* 

' to liara rcmniiitfd at Grncvn till IMl (cf. 
ib. p. I."""; \.\\ iXiisTOS, p. fl6). H« rvtunwd 
to KDKlatid in that yi'sr, and wns at once 

j iostitnlHl loibcn.'ciiiry olUkvfordiJupiTTioT, 
in tho pnj-iib uf Child Uki:lbrd. lionet. He 

' av(i(iiotMinied Ajubruse Dodl«y,earl of War- 
wick [<j. v.], on the exprditjou to llavr« in 
ll^O^i, as'minisltTandprMch^r'of thoHnr- 
liih army, and in I-V-D wi-iit to thv 'nortlt 
pnrtp*' a* one of Ihc prntchnn lo the lioop* 
which were ungngi'd in iitbduing the popish 
rvbcts. Hill »cnnon (on Jcilm xv. 22) 'mode 
■lltlandfurd I'oruui ... at tbcticuioii boldifii 
ihorw . . . 1&71,' was published by John 1>ay« 
in ib'i (^vii), wilh s ilt'diciitiou to llic Karl 
of Wsmicli. A tiiiocouor wiu appoint!^ at 
Oheford Supi^rior in liiO**. which luny be a*- 
sumcd lo bn the dati- of Krihi-'* di-olli. 

Krllie is now trmcmbi'tvc! chiefly for his 
nii:^rii:al psalms, Hpccinlly for his vetvion of 
tlio lOOtb psalm, >.MI people that on MTtU 
do dwolL' The lutti'rwaamMnieoBrriessljr 
revised early pMlters ascribed to Hopkins 
; Wartoii HtlribulM it to Whitlingham), but 

the ciirlii.'it jinl.liilieil wrsionii ore >ig)i«d 
witIj Ki:thi-'.' iiiiiiuls, nntl all the talvr and 
beet n II thori til's agtre in UHigning it to liitn. 
Knthc viTOtt: in all Ivft«nty-fivu metrical 
pulma; tlicte w«ro tint prinlM iu th«<Eng- 
Ii*b PMlter tnuod at nt^ncva in I'iCl, and 
vcn eub«equeolly irAiigft'irei] to ttin com- 
plel»8ooHl»hP8filtHTll.')61), ion nnly bi'iiijc 
•dopled Id the Bngliih Pmlli-r (\.',62). A < 
moerins bjr Kxtho of thn 91th psalm wai i 
piiblivhRtl in 1R68, attAclicd lo a trad called 
■ Thfi Appcllntion of John Kno:t." Kirilio'a 
ItiUtb p«aliu appeared iii lh« appcrudix of ' 
the fiiat couiiiluti! Eiifjlish metrical PHilter j 
(lG^),hul was admitted iiito the t«Xlof tlie 
wdilion of 15I5G. Warloii deimibM Kpthn m I 
•no uiiwady rhymer;' and if n-pird Im had ' 
to tlie dtfiSBPont oloicRniii of rnrifily, fidtlity, 
etUii^, and olognnep, hn I* pnlitM ion high 
pIuauaomfflhctpniUlvrvi^mllcrL Uis'lun);' 
and ' ]ioculur' mclrca iirv superioT to uudt of 
bia day. , 

llMidw his pulma he wrote some popular 
reliffioiu balliid*) tli« man noieil was 'A 
BaUet, d<>clnring<i tho fnl of the Whom of 
■withotbt-r; nni! tlierunloniini-xido IVok'fc'iiP 
to tile Ite'ltTB.' A copy of tliiH vi'iy ran.' 
Iruci, coiisiritiiii^ of Bitt'-'eu leaves i[i black 
Ittler.beionired to Heb<?r. The' BalU-tVnds 
*riiii», qiiml William Krlhe,' and a con- | 
cludiiitt* t<xhonatian to the papista,' ' Finin, ' 
quod Wyllyain Kith." Anntlier of KoUic'» 
broadside poomii hnre the tltlii ' Of Minrulo i 
cnnleri'lintf vrith Oode Wordn by name. ■ ■ ■ j 
<Juoil\Vyll_vniKrthc'(I.on(ion, bylluBhSin- 
ffloton, n.d.), twonly-two fmir-Iine Blaniaa. I 
Wliiln with tile exiles lie uifled il» Oiieol' llie 
traiululors of thi? (.leiR-rn Itiblc, He n!«opro- 
dueed ' William Ket bp, lii» wwugOlosw, »ent 
li> till' nobles and g<iiitlenieii ol Kiiiflnnd, 
wliervinnto in nddod tlio Prnior of Itiminl in 
niflf tcr ' ( .Mai-x»bi.l'» f.taf.) ; and coiitribui«d 
oil Kopliili iKwm lo {.'hrintoplier Ooodman'it 
' How Superior I'owers ojilit to b« obeyed of 
their Subjecl* ' (Oeneva, IMS). | 

[Brli'ir Ditrnar* of ilia Tniubln bi^rnanc at 
Pnarkfonl. &r.. IfiTJ; Note»nnil ljiirri«. ■llli 
•ar. 11.19, ITU; Wnrtoii'sHisl.Df Kiii^liiliFnetry; 
Hffbtr's Cal. od. Collier . tlutchins'ii Doraot, it, , 
84:8iryp*'*AiinalK;ltnltniid'ar-<iilniittaorOreaL I 
Brilaiii, IS43: Nulii-M KRiiitliii^ tho Metrlcuil ' 
V«r*lon> of tho I'lnlniA in liiLiIlie's Lcllara niid 
Journals, ("lllwl 1^; Idinit, iii. f>'27 (ItnniintyDD ^ 
Clubj, 1811-3; l)i""n»iM.ii p^■■tl^l(^d l<i I.lvltn;. , 

I>44) : JnllanV Uicl. nf Jlymoology ; Amw'* 
TypogT. Aotiq. *d. UerUrl.) J. C. H. 

cleirgymnu, executed for heresy, son of Wil- 
liun Ketl, and grandson of' Robert Kett 

[q. v.], woji probablv bom at Wynandhim, 
Aorfotk, Be wM ouiittfd of Cnrpm Cliriiii 
Col! ege. Cambridge, prooei-dnl lt.A.l&e),N^ 
M.A. 16T8iandwBielvctM] fellnwin ihnHiD) 
year. On 27 Dee. IB/li he joined in a Urtur 
of Ihniik* lo BuTcbley. aa chanfiellar, for * 
Kcttlemnnt of oolk^*dinutra. In tSSOht 
rsignod hiifnllomhipsnd left Ibe imiTenill}, 
pruhably for sonin pndonneni. Tbougb d»- 
■ciibed as of Wymondham, h« doea Hia^ 

Er to hoTe bum vicjir of tliat parish. lU 
bueii idriiiificd wiib ibo ' Francix K*tt, 
doctor of pluMch/ who piibliibcd 'Ttw 
Glorious and lleautifcl Garland of Han^ 
Glorification' (^»e) in 168-i, with a dtdi- 
cation toQiiiwnElixabeih. Inlflt^Bdionid 
Scnnblcr. biilinp of Norvrich, summoMd hiB 
to his court, ana condnmnnd him on cltariRiF* 
of heresy. ScnmbWina lrttM(riK.1. 1.lftt) 
to Burghley, as lord high tn««tirpr. urgnd bin 
' speedy execution,' aa a ' dansDroiu " pinvon, 
of ' blasphemous opinions.' xbe * ArticlM 
of Ilenrticnl Pravity objected by ' 8«anibltfc 
attain"' Kott (in /MifJ. MS. t*jl'.', f. luj), 
nndtbi- ' Blnsphemoiia Ilenuy^uof one Kett * 

quniely diKpose of ibe nlU'^^tion, somotii 
bron^dit n^in»t Kett. thai be indiKtrii 
Greene and Martowei in atbeiiita. Wil 
JltiWon (rf. 1816) [a, v.], who olasaeabJm with 
Arians, oorreclly ONcribes liim aa a Kort nf 
tuillenariaii, holding lba> ' Cbrist wytb his 
AiiaitlMBnin(iw«]M>nwnRlly in ludea gatlier- 
iag of his cliun^h,'and tlint the faiibftil ainsi 
'goft lo leruaulc^n,' thora to bp ' fed with 
An^ellcs fooile.' UoderlylnB this thi-ory was 
a vien'of Chriatna'nol liod, but n gotxl man,' 
who ' suffered once for his owne siniwa ' and in 
to' suffer affaiue for the sinBuaof the world,' 
and ' br madeGod afbN his second reaiiTTvcl iid.' 
If mn'in* probable that Kett waa a mrscieof 
llie lyjie of Jobann Schctller ( lA34^10r7). 
Htrvjie lliinli.-i he may bnve bp|ong«d lo IM 
' I'amLly of love.' Ilurlon note* ' how holy he 
would eeeme to bee... thc-nnerFd Itible almoH 
neiier nut «f his hnude«, himnelfe alwnyeo in 
iirnycr,' Ho was bunioJ aliTe in the easllo 
ilitch at Norwich on H Jon. 158(1. Rurtoai, 
who witni^wnd the exticiition, and deemed 
Kelt's diMiillinmmati','*ays ihnt 'wlienbe 
wi-nt lo thn (irelH- wn»plollii:d insnrkocloth, 
he went leaping and diiuneinjj-: Iwine in Hte 
lltv, aboue twenty tiiiit's loijether, (dapping 
his hands, be eried nutbin^f but lilusMid bM 
God . . . and so conlinuvd vnlill the iirebad 
Conaume<l all his iienlber partes, and mlill 
he was stitlod with thu Hiiok",' Tli-? pre- 
sentation of his iinmninr nn ■ KnishI ' anM*. 
frvni a mnn: blunder, Kct having been iwl 

(Hecord Office, pcxrii. f. II), am both printed 
in Slorojenko's ' I.ifc! of Grecnf,' and ade- 


I with 

[BiiTUita I>Hld> KiiKlfnr*. liM. pT^ II* 
ml; BloBHOtU's Norfolk. IMS ii. fiOH. 1600 
iii. 191 M).: 8trn>o'< AdiuU^ IftM, tat. iu. ft. 
iLpL Ji; WallsM* AiiLlrmliATuis ItioK. IHAU. 
i. 38 tq. . Uvjiraod •oil Wri^i't CVuiibridK* 
VaiTfmt.TTnkntlMiM, ISit, 1. ieOM.:Uabri«l 
ilarvaj'ii Worka, ad. Oroaut ; Cooper^ AUieiiK 
GMlMbr. IMI. it. IS. fit) ; i>Iotvj(«1w'* Lit* of 
Gtmo*. in Grtfiu'i Wotb, od. Gmaart, i. 42-6, 

aai Arr rr- i-'^-si) ^- O- 

K£TT, ilt^:NRY (i:«]-lc»2&), nuoel- 
lanaoua writer, kid of BviijkQiiii aiul Marr 
Kelt, was burn in tbi- iiansli of Si. r<<lera 
Mftncroft.Nurwich, IJl-Vb. 1701. Ilia father 
was B corvlH'aiiM'r and fnvnian of Norwicli, 
aad Im biiofvlf wan ndmitlrd lo tbnfmctkin <if 
iha citfon ^H .Vug. ir»l. Ucwa««dnoatvil 
«t Ni>nncb{[nmi»ai*cbool by ilu- IC«r. Wil- 
liam LratM, and Bawwulutpd ta Fommonvr 
inf. onl. of TyiailT CollHce, Oxford, on 
18 Mureh 17", mdiwitng BJ^.. 17K>. MA. 
17H3, B.I). 171«. Do waa vlaclad Itlount 
•xbiDtlinnitr L'6 .Mav 1777, icholai lA Juno 
17T6, anil IVtlow h Juimt 1784, nAaining hia 
iaUoarabip uniil 1B24. llUnaiu oooun a* 
Ife tutor nf mioiu luuhmtBdwUM ttom 
17&4 to IM», but tlw pnioddMring wliich lio 
Kt«<l aa coUtgtt tUKir proteMt nngwl frpm 
179B to IWa In KHai K«ll, nW wa> fond 
at tfkvvl, viiiled l''ninci-, to nbiiTva llii- fint 
fannant of iho n>To)a(ton. Hi^ iiu< llniup- 
ton Wtarnr in 17)X), and in tlir muo rtar 
waa cliivllj iiutraiiieat*! In niains a •ub* 
sc7ip|tian fof tbo raaianhta tdtolar. Dr. John 
pri ^4. v.\wlieD tbc lalti-r wan iliacharf^ 
drjr:)[»l>'!> of lbi> Clniviidoii I'm* bino 
itinn aa eataluguer of tLi> UriiMital 
tn tlie Bodtdan. 11 waa aelmt 
tW ItONjt, and claMical examiner 
urioK 1^0»-1. Od 31 Uct. 17B3 be iinauc- 
M Oxfonl agaiait Janrn Hiinlia fi(. v.] In 
18(ti b» eanvoHcd a(c«iii for ibr Hun« post, 
but rofrainad horn piins lo tlin pull. On 
tb« flnrt. oeeaaion be publiahe^d, aa hia en- 
dcntuiU for the profM«orsbit>, a volume of 
'Jmraafla Poeiaa, moM of wluvb had ap- 
Beand in ibe 'G<nll«nan'* Maguine,' but 
b« aiUnrard* enitMTouriMl lo sup]irefii it a* 
hwoalh tlM proper diirnitr of ponlrr. (>n 
iImm pcodvctiotia Tom Warlon comiKMcd 
lh> vpgrani in alluaion Iu tbidr anibor'a 
Uiga DMe ;— 

^^^B 0«r K«tt uA a poel, 

^^^^^H Whj Iwv on jini t»y ta 

^^^^H For if li«'> 00 O-nii, 

^^^^H I'm nrc ha'a a Naao, 

^^^BReBgili of K<^tt'«faw bIwImI tbe vritsla 

uickiuBii^ him ' llinm' Kmi, and Cop1««lMi 

t incitnvd much cciuim bv rvprintinc. on tlie 

[ ttttoygi of bia pamplikl agniwc him, tbe 


linta of Vireil cDdinii with ' mim oe credit* 
Tpuvn.' IliH venott Uat il««lf to earicalnrw, 
and in Jun^ Ih)7 h« nan dirpictrd hv Di^h- 
ton iu ■ A View from Trinity ' as a tiul man, 
with hia band* behind his back. In kiw 
jwtog&t daja Kelt vm conspicuous (or gtm- 
rit7,but be afti-rwarda bec&ine ■ bMu,l«tnit 
dftttcing, and aouehr a reputation for g;aL1ui- 
trf. Ho rmoctod man}- collem IJtidks, aad 
twioo mi»od the ooImd b(«£ihi]>. Through 
the Itindneaa of Dr. Chapman, tba pivtidMit 
of lib eollegv, be held the incumtowr of 
EUfietd, near Oxford, fh^ 33 ittkj I'm to 
28 June IK^ ; from .lulj- 161} to 1^0 be 
was vicar of Suiion IVnger. Wtll*liir«?, and 
io Irtll hit wii* nnniinntod liv ltii-h'ii< Tum- 
lin« as jicrpctual cunlo of ilj'krhain 111 
eolnahirr. Ho was olao king'a pireBch<Y at 
Whitebal) ; bui iliew appaintunnta dkl not 
compd him to leave Oxibid, and be maided 
in ooUm until bia msiriajce at Cbarllon 
Kinn. Oloiiciiiiler8hiT«, ui DecMober 1828, 
to Mi** Wliite. Krlt was uidispendent in 
principle, but ar«xtmme vanitr, and anldect 
to fits of d«pr«*uon. Hill mind baouiw un- 
liin^cd, and ne waa found dmwncd at Slan- 
wvll, Middlcaex, on 30 Jan" IR2.'>. Hi* 
widuir married at St. Jam»'«, ricmdillv, 
on if' Nor. 1S38, tlw Her. Thoinn Nichoil. 
K^it ^ro lo Ilia coU«ge, in addititm 10 Urgv 
mihKcnptiona to variona bnQdinga and toon 

{late, portnita of William Pop«, earl of 
>owno, and tbo firnt cnri of Clialhaiu. Tbo 
bulk of his fortnni>, about 34,000/.. was left 
aftvr hii widour k doath to thnte ]>iiblic chari- 
tica, onu bi'iiiK tbu lUdclifTc Infirraan- at Ox- 

Keltwajilbettutboror; 1,'Bamplon Ser- 
mons,' ITni, couaistinft of ' A Rqin-tirntation 
of the Conduct and Opmiaas of thi^ rrimillvii 
Chrictianx, wilb lUiiiarks 011 Gibbon and 
IWitMUiy;' 2iid fdil., with coiweti'jns ajid 
ndditioiiii, 17ti2. It ha» boen *ti|^'«Hled lliat 
f^iTT oasiBti'il him in this work. 2. 'Juve- 
nile Poemn,' 1793. ». ■ iliatorjr tbe Inter- 
pnil4T of PK^htcy," t7!'i>. 3 rolt, ; and niim*- 
roos editions in laierjvan. It wa«dediait«d 
to Disbop Prelyman, aftcnriirds known as 
Tomlinn, to whom Kelt on his deatb left the 
copyright. 4. ' Glcmmta of Geucra! Know- 
led)^' IM)J, 1; vols., fonninr ibe siilMt^inoe 
of a courao of li-ctun-i wiiich be bnil n.'nd lo 
his pupiU iluring tbo prvTii-iUs twi'lvi- v<iar», 
Tbe appendix of flfty-iwii j»e<*< contained • 
Ii»t of books, in (hr cIii>Mi-nl part of whioh 
PoTBon was cntisu1t<^ Tbtrrv weKnumeroui 
edition* of this work, (be eighth appearing in 
1615. Soma of itsblunderswere pointedout 
WJohnDariaon [n.v.Jiu 'A Short Aooount 
of certain Notable UiaooTuriMcontained ina 
Rwent Work," pt. i. 1803 [by Philel*utheroe 

l>ridenti«l,pt. ii. 1H>1. It iraiidefeiul«d,]in>- 
btibly hy K<?ti biuuelf iu ihu disguite of' 8. 
Nobodr, of Kiiig'a Collw», OxfonI,' tn ' TIm 
Bit«rBit,<)rDi»coTfiTM« niMOvorvil inn I'am- 
plilel of rcrroin Notiibli; IliwoVRrim,' 1801 ; 
and by l-'rrdrrick .Vcilnn cif ICxelor Cnllciffe, in 
• ALottci to I'hikleutltt-rw Oridtmi*,' ISOl, 
uplldldtnjt the vit-'w tbit Kctl's trron v-vre 
due locKTvlvHtniUtinLlhiirlliiiii iguuraiwe.und 
huA bpcii luitluly luu^itied (nee Gmf. Miii/, 
1H.I5, j-ij. 41-6). 6. • Etiiilv. a moral Tale,' 
'Jnd edit, ISW. 6. ■ A Tour to ilifi Ukr» if 

inMlDKiu>T-t>''B<>li'^ Vii'wcif ibuArifttoiplii: 
&yit«niaCltL'uoiiin(i,' IHUU. A vi-ri,- teverv 
aiuck on it wua made iii 'The Exiitoiii^'r 
Bxamliwd, or Logic Vindiuntcil. tij a (irrt- 
thikte'[i.e. Itisliop CoplMton], 1609, and it 
wae annwarda ngidiv siippniH«d br Kctt. 
8. ' Th« Ficiwcm at Wit, or a ChoiM Col- 
leetioD of Bon Mutii,' 18U, L' voU. 

KettcomiiLiuii'd livu piiwn(4,i3,2~,S9, 
uid 42, all signed 'Q.') to tli« • 01k Podrida ' 
ofTlioniaa Manro, lli« lifi-of 'William Don- 
■W»ll [q.vj wna ftpp»nd<id to n voltimc of 
' Pocma, Odi», I'rolofCiic*, and Epilngiira 

Kpoken nt lUadin^ Sf li<»l,' l801,i)p.iSi5-a;i; 

lU-odlnv [ri. v.], 
with Hume ventL-a on Houdky'i! death, was 

ojid bill inomoir of Xlc^iir; 

in»oried in th« ' 8o1i«tI Bfitiitiee of Aucieut 
linKlisU; I'onin-" (1810 edit., pp, si-ii). 
To SIiuIh-tI's iruuslHtioii of Obali.-Hubtisud e 
' Beaut imuf Christ iuuity ' beaujiplied a pre- 
taw and notes. His Iranslations of Jorlin'a 
piipins wure ivj>riiiled in Jorlin'n mlwrliu- 
iieoug work"! numeroiia piccM by biiu np- 
lieunxl in tlio ' (ii'nttvRian'K Magaxini?,' and 
Mvorni Inttirr* to and from liim are in Jobn- 
Ktonea 'iVr.' i- 3L'8^I, ui. 577-513. viiL 
SI2-I0 J gnit ill T. V. Dibdin's • Beuii- 
iii«c«iDci'»,' ii. 791-2. n<* l«'ft many luntm- 
Bcript*. including nn edition of (irvvk pro- 
vorbi by I.ubiiiiii, with Rn^linh trnnflation 
and notM, on wbicb bo yrm luag ciiiiiif[t'd. 

[Q«iit.Miig. IHI3 pL ii. p. HI. lM2.1pl.ii. pp. 
IH.6, 183S pt. i<. p. G68 ; No«'> I'l'I Qultj,-.., 4tli 
Mr.ii.S80.«48,6ir (1873); Annuul Hkv. 1820, 
w. 1^29 : JoliDitono'i pBcr. 1. in'i, vii. OAS : 
G. V. C'lx'a Romlloetian* of Oxfuril. p. lA: 
iDfunnnt'un from llio Rs«. William HnJMn <>t 
Kr>r«ricb, and from Trinity t'oLcigp, per tlio Itor. 
II. E. I>. Klnklntoii.] W. P. C. 

KETT. KOBEKTU. 15-lf"), n-bL-l, wu*o 

m«Iub<^^ iif lui old Nurinuii fain ilv,«'h<iBL'iiiuuu 
Kot, aud Kiii);bT. .V bramjh of ihi* family 
seltled at Wyniondbnm, Norfcilk, niid hi^ld 
lantU ibcro iii 14^'!. In iHW [Uih''Ti Kelt i* 
Cslk-d n tanner, and Iii* brollier NVilliain a 

bntdierormercei; but boili were Uadowntv* 
and men of lomv ponltion in ib» n«igliba«r- 
bood. RoberihddUiFinanorof Wvmondlian 
fromJoliiiI)iidl«^,Mrlof Wanvirk.andolbor 
laiul* UK n-nll. lie bi-lon|(<»l to tbw cIbm of 
landlorcU, and only tbrnuRb accident toolc 
ihu 4ide of ibir pi'oplp. This accident oroM 
frnm u liM'ul ijiuirrrl. Ttic pnriab churcb of 
Wymuudhuiu wa« Joined to tuepriorycburdi, 
and aft«r the diawlatiuu uf the motuMenn 
the nwn of Wymondbam in I'lW bought 
from tlie rroim the choir of tli« prioir 
chtirc.b and ollur purl* of thn monnatic liuild- 
iujipt. In Dpiti' of thit tlic tmanl of tbo 
royul frvanliv, A-mint Floworden, who livod 
at Ilulhtrtn-tl in t1i<--iici|{bbouibooid, stripped 
the lead from the roofs and carried awaTthp 
bolU C ltI.OMEFIEI.^, I/irt. i/Xor/oik, i. 73S- 

7-14). Tho Kelts, s« the clii«r tieople tn the 
[oirn, rv«ont«d thia, and a f«ua grew up in 
coniniuraico. Tboro won* xtMtj bardsuip* 
nri.-iinff from thf^ bnnh wwidiict of Ilia n»™r 
IiinJ!oid9,c'jpeHnllyin« puclcaiuw of cont- 
luoa lauds; and on 20 June- ITilu ibcrc wa« 
a riot at Attleborougb, and fp.-iici'i vri-re torn 
clown. On 7 July an uunual fe-iiivnl,i*iUi ft 

Elay ill honour of St. Thowaa of Cuit«r- 
iir)-,wniihcldnt W^nomibam. Thegathor- 
inR of fxciti^l nmlie* mdcd in tba dcatnio- 
tionof morrfi-nccEjiimont; ihein»om««iT«ct«d 
bv Flowcrden nt IIulbRmclt. Klovri-rden 
(piVL- llio riotctii mnncv In pull down Koti'* 
fences OA <Kt\\ ; and Kotl, in bis anRpr at 
this tn-Blmenl, belpcd them to W«l hii own 
fences, and theu fed them back to make a 
cl*nn sweep uf Elowerdeii'd. In lliis KoK 
w-iii^ bclped hy bin brother 'Williaiu, and Ibv 
riot beranin importnnt when it waa headed 
by two men of pocicion. Tbc c^icttclileiltt of 
Itudersbip awukt'nod in KctiV mind ■ i>yn)- 
pulhy with poijular aim*. lie led Iheriotere 
to CriiiglcrorJ, and tbence lo DowthoTpo, 
where tlie dberilT, Sir EJmtmd Windbant, 
boldly ordered ibem to disperse. Ho vna 
iiunilcd, and IUhI to Nomidi, wberv the 
rioic<r« followed and piillod dnnii tbo fence* 
of the Town C^om. The mayor of Norwich 
mit olT a mewimiiT'r to London, and tried 
meanwhile to «nv« Ibo city. Ketl occupitid 
Moimehold Heiitli ■• a cum|), and bin f»l- 
tower^ Doon rtMiche<l the number of sistcen 
thouaand lueu, who 4cout«d ih« eountrv for 
prnviaions nnd blockaded thccity. YelKelt 
maintain I'd order. tleeKtnbli*hpd lawcourta, 
which sat under nn oiik-Iree; thcro w^ro 
cbuuloiiu.wliosuid daily prayer* and prrjichod 
10 the peopIi> ; amougothcnMattbevr Parker, 
afterwardii nrclibiahop of Canterbury, Ten- 
turtd into Ibe camp and addreued ihenotcn. 
A petition of frrievuncc* waa drawn up and 
(igned by twentytwo dulcgatw of ihe bun- 

^^•da of XorTatk nnd oim of SnfioUc The 
dtouidi wcTd aitiguUrlf modcnte, and 
aimed at ivdrMauur Um liardiliipB uf rhe 
fcodal «xaten \tj oiaululbulf the power of 
losd* ot CHBon ia regards eacloaurM, out- 
going wbidt VMS DDJuatlv thrown upon 
taauU, r«atnetiooa of riglits of flsbin^, 
kevjptDg of doTMOU, and aucb lilro. TLm 
««)ly fniOfTal tiKiicip1« laid dnirn u, ' Wu 

Cy ttmt all iMndmcn nia^ bi- made frw : 
Ciod Bade all free witti tiu piuciotui 
Uoodalwddin^.' Tliete ia no ground (or liiid- 
ing ia tfcb nnng aoj' ajmiiaiJiy with the 
old fcrm of the church; clcritaJ roaidence 
and ditig|«iic» in teactiln^ are th* onl^ de- 
manda of a rrligiooa tuilun-. Un 31 Juljr 
^aau a loyal barald, oll«rinf jiardon, whooa 
Katt aoa«nM«d,'Kiiif[* WMVwont la pardon 
w i cfced peiMiw, not innwunt and jiut m<Mi.* 
Aitar bang tbiu imicd aa a nrlwl, Kelt 
Ilium tba aiep) of Norwicli, and ^^'iUiam 
Pmn, inan|uia of Northauipion, waa tent 
with J/iOI> nira lo iu Riiccoiir. Among' his 
•nt-m Mmn Iialion mnrcanariM, vbo 
wontad in a nkiniiifh, and on 1 Auff. 
att aUAcked Nnrvrich, ilnw Lord Rhrdield, 
drove the mral troop* «ul of tliu ciiy. 
prirr cotinFilwaA in i^-nt an.xipir, and 
not till \li Aii^. was John 1>iid lay, carl of 
Warwkh, iiamml eommauder a;gain«t the 
nb>la. On £t Aiic. he reached Norwich, 
wid Siat a h«Tald on«ring pardon to all ex- 
««ptKett. Wbil" rhobentldvaadelivering 
hi* nKf4»ip- om'of Ilia ««cort tbot a boy who 
•ffronlrd faim, and thn bcrald wai almoH 
torn to pieces. Krtt inlRfpoicd to mvr him, 
«nd for a munont liMutati^d whathrr or no 
be iJiouU accompany him lo ^^'a^wicll- But, 
UafoUomnaeiiod bii bridk'.and ihecliaiiow 
ot pMoe wen a1 an end. Warwick forcl^d 
hh WOT into one end of Norwich o'hilo the 
(vibettbeld thi> ntbfT, and ibnri- irm: iHuifniwd 
dfthtiBf; in tb« iitmita till, on l'S Aii^., War- 
wink waa rvinfotrnl by eleven hundwd lanx- 
ktMirhtii, and wna straag iTnaugh to meditate 
•natiackoB thfcampatMoiuuhild. Moved 
bja local propbccT, which forvlold that 'the 
caxintnr H;nufl«a abould HI) up liunindale 
with UoMt' Khi movixl tmm Slouiyhold to 
DoMindale below, and ibnrvi nwikiind Won 
wick's Mulaugbl. In th* oprn fi^Id trainod 
•okliara Mail; pmraiird : ihr lantkniH^hls 
fired a roUnr, and rbortred the ccnlr<- of thn 
rehcU, who (rave way. and thfir fore™ wm* 
ihu) cat inro, and Hod on itiirvmil Mei. 
At laaM ^.I'lOO men WiNV slain on tha liiOtl, 
and ao fulflllod the prunhecy. Kett n>de 
away lo Swanniniflon ; ont hig horsi' vaa 
weary and he oonld go no furtlwir. Ho wm 
talun and bnng'ht back to Norwich, wbcnoi} 
ha wa« wnt witli (hr«« brOTbrn to London. 

Only he and Witllnm rrntv bMughi lo (rial; 
Xhej pleaded ipiillr, and wrm condemnod U 
death as iroittirs. On IH* Nuv, ibey wmw 
handed over to the slwriir, and weru taken 
back lo Norwich, wh«r« Hobvrt waa execaled 
on 7 Dec. IMD, and bin body was hanj^ in 
cbaina ^m tlin top of the CMi.le. nilliant 
wo* sent to Wymoiidfanm, and waa ainiilarly 
httntfud froin the church Inwur. 

[ liawmll. Kvll's Relwllioo in Norfolk, ha) cot- 
Iccitd moat of thn docniuonu rtlniing lo tlia 
tWitik. Tbara ara two cvnicinponrj' aMOUDto, 
N<'Till«'a [)s FUroribua NorfatonHium. flnt pnb- 
li»h«d IST6. and SoulhartoBV The CoDiiDoy*on 
in Norfolk (BiaL MSS.), ISTB. BaalilM thM« : 
najwatd'a Rrlp of Edvaid VI ; Uotliuhed'a 
Chranicle : Slryiir'a EcclfaiastiRil 3f amoriala 
and Life of Purkitr: Blonni^icld's Hi«, of No#- 
folk, ii. 100, tCi'. <^f Ttiiiilern writ«r«; Frouda'* 
Hi^ of h^gUad ; Illxoo'v Iti>t. of the Church 
of luielund; Itve's IN)pulur Hint, of Norfolk.] 

M. C. 

KETTELL. RALPH (1563-lOW), third 
prMidcnt of Trinity Cotl«(^, Oxford, bom 
in I-16-1, wnn the ilnnl >u)n of John Kettell, 
ffnat3eiiian,nfKina'i. I,nn)fl>'y,]fi<nfnrdshirei 
llewoanorainati-dioH i>clioliiriihipnt Trinitv 
Collen*, Oxford, in 1579 by Lady Klixnbcth 
Paulet uf TiilrnliunKer, llio widow of Sir 
Thomas I'opi', hut,, founder of the colieffe; 
and waa elected fellow in 1668. One ot nai 
conti>nipurariv<a and friends wa* Sir Edward 
Iloby [q. v.] The ChriMopher K«lt«JI who 
became acommonerof iheoollf^ in l68S,and 
the Gaorge Kptiell who became a commoner 
in l6S3,worc llalph'a rounircr brollicni, and 
John KetteUofKin)f«*T.whiMiit family 
biblL' ill ill < hi> cul It-tre lihrary, waa his idder 
bmthvr(Kin):V I^nuJern'f',) Italph Kettell 
irraduored B.A. l.">Si'. M.A. IfiM'i, H.O. IMJ. 
and l>.I>. I-Vt?, and, after filling; varioua col- 
ic^ oflicen, waa elected pnwidelit in lJi(W-9, 
on tha death of Dr. Veldnnl, .imnni; ihoM> 
whonayoiuiK men wemindorhiicnre nhiln 
ho waa either tutor or preaideat wi-rw .\rph- 
bishop Sheldon, Bishopa (ilemhutn. l-ui-y. 
Ironside, and St(inii-*T, Sir John iJenkum, 
Jamea ilarrini^ton, Litdlow. Ireton, George 
and UecilTnl vert, l»nl Itnllimore. William, 
Mrl of ('raven, and ^ir I[--nty Itloiint. Manv 
documrmta drawn up in hU vnry ciirioua an^ 
markod hondwrilinK rtimain in ihc coUpbo 
nrchivw. He evtrciji^d gtvt,t vijrilnnce in 
d^'iilinif wilh (he ci<llr|fe nlutct and collefje 
discipline, Tvbiid I th-- college hall, and added 
attics or 'cocklufi*' to the old Durham CoU 
lofK (jiiadraiifile, of which the east ride still 
remaioii. About liVJO \w built for the uae 
of commnnnrv, on tho aito of ' Periloiia Hall,' 
Iho fine (tone Iioum^ in Broad StTMl which 
ia still known oa Kettell HatL 





Krtloll wo* one nf iIil- oldvr henAt at 
houws wlio, willimit beinu iuclia«! to ihe 
' fuL'tinun ia rvli^oii,' dMlikiwl Litud's high- 
liBuded n'foriuH. Kif woe a ' right church 
of EdkIuuI man;' wved tiu old pitmtin^ in . 
tint edleg* cbapol from tha puritan commi*- , 
sioiuFT, lj>nl Say and S«la ; lecturnd on tho 1 
Thirty-ninn Anicle*, nnd talked of roodlofl*, 
vnfm.nnd tliedd ritcuwhich h«onuld jiuil | 
n-mumbor. UulndeOxfurd Krtloll lield ih'- 
rui't4>r<r oi OtmingUiD, wluch wa4 attached ' 
to Ilia olEoe of pK«id^ii1, and was priTalt- 
cliai>laiii to Sir Prancix Vr'aliiiiigham'« widow 
and taUi»h«|iBil8an'>fWinclir«t«r. Aubrey, 
whowM H(JniiU«'d ■ o'linmonnr of Ttinily in 
1M3, tnd kni'w KhiHI in his old niin, niitv 
ntM tnaiiy nnccduli^i of lii* i>cni-ntricilic>, 
and quatc* •pMimoas of hi* ([Uoint rvmnrkx. 
Aubny aUo mcntioiu hia iic«ret clmriiy to 
poor iwholirs, aud liis contemptuous tti-'at- 
muiit ijf thi> Blraiiee vitltora whom thi.- civil 
vrat« brought to tlio univeisitjr. lli» ilcaiL, 
in Aubny^a opiDion, wm baaimnd Viv * tli« 
dUiniliit«naM of iha tima.' Hn ilii'd nhnut 
17 July 1043, and wna buriad at (Inraingtim 
on fi Auir. 

Ki-ltcU's pdrtruil, prtiorved at Trinity, i« 
A miTp duub. hilt iifrrciit fairly with Aubrey 'b 
duMcriptiuti uf liiiu us 'a verytall wgU-ktowu 
man, with a ftMh ruddy complutLOu; hi>wiL« 
aoon wliit<i; lija inowne, and suqilice, and 
hood beio^ on, ha had a tanibla giRautiqui^ 
aspMl, with hla aharp gny e'lea. The onli- 
narv )rown«> he wore was u russet clonlh.' 

n« does not taem to havf [iiiblii^hiHl nn^- 
tiling. A large book of miimiAiTipi vu-cr* in 
liiahandwriiiDir.jtivimbv I'rrniiJi'nt Hulhurat 
loWood (n"wB()dloinn!.ibmry MHS, \\'ocicl, 
f. 21 J, |)robubly conluius tioiIutiK uriRinQl. 

Aubrt!}' stal'iM that ' Ix.- Inid two wivt^s, if 
not tliivr-, but no child,' uud that, hit 4ecu;id 
iiil'i- mat tho willow of Kdwiifd Villii>rs nf 
Uiithorp^, XMlliamptonsbirc. wlunin diui^h- 
t«T EUxabslh married Gi-oripi Itiilliiirst, and 
WM the mother of Ralph linthtimt f<|. v.], 
preaident of Trinity College, Oxford; but 
tliera ntv pmbably some inaceuraciw here. 
His wife wn» buriiilatO-jninBtoiiin 1023—1, 
and an infant dnni^hTnr in IIKNi; one, 'Mrs. 
Ilarbnrn Vi]iiiir*,wid<iH-,' wv! tile wife of his 
brflthnr Jobji Knltcll. 

[Ro^iitannrtd other docnmanl* in tli«a>«liir(e 
nf Trinity CvilUif*, Oxford ; nutiw ia Worlon's 
LiTca uf Pope and UaChurxl ; lAfe by Joha 
Aubrcf. priotrd in Bodleian Letisr*. 'li, 4l7i 
PoI'a'h Lif> of Scilh Ward ; lafornmlioii from 
Klnir'* iMUiiiIvy and Oartington pariah rpgiairn, 
kindly commuDtNitad bjr tG« R*T. A. B. Rlrsl- 
tall, Ticnr, luiil Iha Iter. Dat-id ThoiniM, t*rtnr ; 
Olnrk'n Uiiit-mitr It«Ki*t«r, Tol. li. pi*, ii. nod 
l«.l U. E. J). B. 

I-llft|. succovtivfly bbUop of St, Dnvidi, 
Lichlirld and Coventrj, and ExeCcr. wai 
prubably educat«d al one of the unimrBitiM, 
nnoe ha is deacribed aa LL.B., and »• a 
licaatiaM in deerewla (Nicouia, Proc. Pritf 
Oiuatat, iii. S, 90). From liis later career it 
may be conjeciwvd that 1m becnne a clerk 
in the royal nrvicn, but tbo fint meatioB ef 
him ia ou 1 Jan. 1402, when be obtained tl» 
ptvbvnd of BramMon at Lincoln. Ho Mib- 
settueiiilv rixieivi-d a varirtv of pcvfermenie; 
tliJ^ prv)ieiid§ of Croperdv.I.tncoln, on 14 Jnly 
Un->, of Slow Loiiga, Linci>ln.3 April UOtt, 
and ofUi.haldwick,Vork,l>0 Jan. 1407. On 
S.'> March 1406 he was made treaaunr of 
Lincoln, but exohanfed ilua poet for the 
moBlirrBbip of St. .Mnry Jtla^dalirn'ji Iloxpita], 
Sanduwn, Surrey, ou 14 Nor.foUowmy. Ftooi 
1410 to 141 1 he wai arohdoacon of iiaims. 
Between MUiund 1411 ho waa bcqnently 
eraiiloved on «ubaauoa to the French kii^ 
and tne Duk* of Bunundv (Ftedfra, \iii. 
432, 504, MB, R71, 585-6, i9», 030-7, CT", 
mi). On 32 .Mnv 1413 he was appointed 
hinfr'ii im^iclor ut tiio papal court {ih, ix. 13). 
On ^ April 141 1 ho wan papally [imvidod to 
the see of St. iMvittx, won coii>ncral«d by 
John XXllI al Bolui-iui on -Hi Anril, and 
recfiiied poM(<uion of the temiionJitiea on 
2 June, tlut on 13 l]ci. he r««vtr«d cuModj 
ofTli«'teinp»ralitieeuf Lichfield and Cu*«ntrj 
during n vacancy, and on 1 Feb. 141& waa 
tnumlaiod to that we, tlie^piritualiliea beii^ 
roitonrd on 21 Jann. 

Meanwhile, on L>0 Oct. 1414, Ketteridi 
was appointed one of the Kngliih r«prgMiDl»- 
livM lit the council of Cotwlance, and wu 
nppan'iitly preH-nt ihroujfh'mt in ailtiofni. 
tl>' ttnk pari' ill the ptucvr>.(iiii;s which al- 
Ipoded ihe Imposition of John XXIII, beioff 
oeuiiintthat pcintiir. lie wasalso on>> of ibote 
uupointtid to rlect tho now pop«, MaJtin V, 
11 Nov. Ml" (11, vos DBii 1I»KI>T, iv. 171, 
183, V. IC: WiwisoiUM, Uut. Anyl. it. 
318). In 141U Ketl«rich wiu cimcemeil in a 
variety of n<.>goliat ions with the Uukeof ltiir> 
gundy, with .Mlonao of Arratfon, the princM 
or(ierniauv,th« II(lnM,and Q«noa(/orc/«>nt, 
ij.874,4ld-15). After the doath of Robert 
Haltam [q. v.] in Scplombrrr 1417, the Car- 
dinal da* I'rain* wrote to Ilcary V rr^om- 
mending Ketterich as bii iiuccoaaor nt Salia- 
biirvoii ocL-uiint of the iudgmunt and loamin^ 
hn fiod shown during' tlio council (A. i.\, 4t%>). 
Cln tlio eonclnsioii of the council lie uccoin- 
punied Martin V into Ilaly nl the bejrinninji 
of 141:^, and upparonily rMumi>d bis old 

Citional the jiupul court. In .\pril 1419 
had BUllumly to take all Normana at 






tfaa court n( ttomv into ibi- kiajt'ii (uxoariiA. 
ii. 730). On ao Nov. or tli&t yo«r hi- wn* 
poknilshfl to tlu9 Mw of ExHer. But tR-r<jiv 
thv trkiulatioii Mmlil bo camplvUtl hv dii^l, 
oit :it<l)Rr. lllt^.atFlotvni^, where the {upai 
court hul been aiiio? tliv iirvviniM Fobroaiy. 
Jn accotduKu with bia wtll b« WM buried 
in tbechurthuf S«iir*Crocn.whereamftrbIe 
eUbnitl muit hU tomb in ilwtciT&tntof the 
n»fv now ibn cfamr. Ilii nniii« it vnrioiutir 

KU(>itrik.('-«trrk,CMUTich,or Krlt^ridi; 
6nt in tlii> fnmi that Bp{i««Ts ou bis louib, 
uid i* probably tbc beat. 

[Im 5«Tc'> FnNi Krai. AogL i. 39S. 3TI. AS2, 
il.SO, 117,140. 311. ill. tO. 307, oi. Hardr: 
BjtMrV Fipilan, nnl;. nllt. ; WtMrldii'* Anglia 
Sacn, i. tM: Gorlirin. t>s I>r»«ultliu>, pp. 3:!!. 
412, Ml, Ml- Riclunlioa; U. run der HutliV 
OtMciliuM CMUtADiii-nxi 1 I^Vbt't Cuncilin. toI. 
JBTii.) C. 1- K. 


{Jl. 1.1241. n-pulitl wilch, livi-J in Kilkenny 

inlbr r..iirl«inilic€nlury. Ht'rrulull^mwi'n- 

^rcttllby. ]{obcrt leKyt«lcrwitiik1ra<)i-rwitli 

JrlamUn towanJBllMteloMOf the ibirtMSth 

centary. Shu la frv<(uently referred lo in ilie 

hJMwy of the Engluh Pale. Acconling to 

Holiafllied iLe wm accumhI in 1^4, by lti> 

chkrd de LxdeKd*. bishop of (hsory, with 

I two lyccouplifv*, IVAronilLi of Mi-atli imd 

RmojIU her ikui^hter, of holding 'ntglitliu 

^^XO^ftmnoewiih ■ npirit call<^ Itobert ArlLS- 

^^Kon, lo wbosio *ho wctidecd in lliu hij;!) wiiie 

^^Buw rod codu And nine pvaoKVa tviuL* Thu 

a<!cu)«d pnrMKu al^ucwd hd<1 did pvoeute, 

but wcce »ft«rvMds found to hare rekp^ed. 

One of the actomulicee mw burnt >l KiU 

IWHir. and at bar dtatb dwlarod ibnt I^y 

K«ttle>f»nwniianat«onplice. Ilrn-uita- 

led by ihn Mtlinp for nine vreekn, but 

by Anvilil le I'owp-, n^nmcliul of 

(B rrlntivi? of Uuty Kirltli-'s fuiirlb 

), Lndy KrlUe's tun llien bribed 

Powre to iiiipriiKiii the bi»bop. Laily 

tie waa again cited to appear at I>ubliii 

httan the I^«n of St. I'aini;k'«, bnt Mmo 

tha nobility KUpiportod bcr, nnd got her 

to ^D^Iand, whora no mnrr wuii beard 

brr. In her clo*-! waa found a sacra- 

mcniol wafer, witli a print uf the di-vil. nnd 

some ointmtmt wliicli tnuveitt^l a stuff inio 

B practicable alMd. Wrizbt pret Lady 

Kfdle fow ktufaaDila: 1. William Outlaw 

^mal Kilkunny, 'banknr.' 2. Adnm 1« lilonnd 

^■m CalUn, wiinni (he nurrin.! alioiit l.tOS. 

^^^ lEictianld^ Vallr.nhomibumnrripdalKiut 

1311 ; and J, John Ic I'oer or I'ow-n-, lo 

I whoM ibr- wai married in 1S2-1. Hlie bore u 

un lo William OulUw. bI*0 cftUed William, 

I A ' Kamtive of ihe ProcMdinM against 

Shmt Alia Kytcler, pnMtctited tor aoreary 

in 13::;4 In- liiolinrd 'le Iiederede, U^iofi of 
(Htnrv,' in I.alin, wna edil«d Inr ThomM 
Wriglil for ibel'amdcn Society in l^t,fKina 
ilnrl. MH. Rll, f. IK; a tmtucript i» ia 
Slounc MS. 1800. 

[Wright'* oiit. of tho PruoMdinga: Cat of 
I4« ; Cbaitnlaiiat of St. Uuy'a Abbey. IhihUu 

SoOit Ser.l, ii. exisiii-v, 302-4 ; IIolin*U«d*a 
roo. uf Iicluid, p. 69; Irish E«:l«a. Jonra. 
(October 1813). ii.Sei.ahunbanotherlattaThy 
Jamm Heatlioru Todd. U.D.] B. U. ]I. 

KETTLE. TILLY (1740»-i;«), por- 
Irait-Mintar, bom in London abonl 1.40, 
waa tlic aoD of a bouie-painter, ap|wrrnily 
Uwiry Knttic, non^ who in I77i w<i» rtt- 
aidinfi in Silt-er Stntd, Wuod Street, and 
exhibited at the Society of AHH a crliudricd 
painting. Kettle leant ILr«t ttoui bis faiber, 
then atutlied in the Duke of Richiuond'a 
eallery of ca«t«, and Liter at the academy in 
St. ^IitTtinK l.nno. Hii pracliiied at a por- 
lriiit-|Miinter,nndin 17(11 exhibited a penrait 
at th« t'tt-o Sociaty of Arlinla. Jn \7*i2 ho 
waa employed to rt-pair Hlreater'a painliiig 
ou (he ceibnK of the tbealn at O.tfonl, In 
17U<'j be exhibited ul the Society of Arliet'', 
of whicli he nftervranig became a fellow, » 
fuU-leninb p<iriTiLic of Mra. YatM m 'BIsiw 
dan«>,' nnd n klt-cnl nortnit of Hra. I^>woll, 
K-ifc of the aclor,in rurkiab dm**. In 1767 
boexhibilednpnrlmllof Mi»Kliotaa'Juno,' 
.and in 176tt 'Dead <iam«.' lie oontinuod 
to exhibit portruits and convernation-^icCM 
until 1770. when ho went lo India, lie iw- 
maiued there neveii yeats, and ncqnln^d a 
oonsideraUe fortune. He sent homo manv 
pictHNs Cor exhibition. Une conUiiiied fiiLl- 
lenKtli poriraiu of Uahomod All Cuun,DAboh 
of Arrot. and bix tivn (onK in 1771 ; another 
in 177S drpictod tintire dancing girU. fu 
177o lie e.\bibi(vd a painting rcpreaeniinK 
Sujab Uowlah, viiier of the ^io^ul EnipitKv 
and his futir tons meetluf^Sirlioberl ItarkfTt 
hia two aidee-do-cauip aud interpreter at 
Fytabad, in order to conclude a in>nty with 
Ibo Eut India ComDamr in 17711. Tbia 
fTtoup, painted for Sir ttobert Barker [<!■ v.J> 
waa aflcrwaida placed at Buahbridm Park, 
near Qodalminif, Surrey. In 177o Kettle 
((imrtkd to this Aendemy 'The Oraeniony 
of a Gealoo woman taking leave of her ro- 
lalions, ai^ dutribulinf her JDwaU prior to 
aacvddinc tho funeral pile of her decMaed 
hutband/ Kcttln returned to England about 
1777, Mitlod in Irfmdcm, und married the 
y«un|(er dau([lit4T of Juraei Paine, wuior 
[q. V. ', the archiieci. In I77U he exhibited 
ajMrlrallal tlieUbyul .\cudi^uiy,and in 1781. 
with other portrait^'Tlie Ureal MoKul.Sliah 
AUum, nviewiug the third Drigido of ibo 




Kut India Company's Tro(i[iB ut AIIhIibIwiI' 
^now At Ba&litinilru Park). In 17^2. (he 
lut nu but one ibat hn «xhibit«d, he sent 
a fuU-lMigtL porlnit of Admiral KempiMi- 
Cfrldt (now M ureciiwicli IliMpicnl, engrtTwl 
by J. II. Kobinton nt tlimn-flaarli>ni for 
Lockw'* ' Dritwli AilmirnU 1. Kntlli- built 
K liouM fur liimiutf in Olj UanA SlnvC. 
opponte DttrlinffloR Oonlona, Lut fell into 
finuici&l (tiffieultiet, be«ane biiiikrii]it, mid 
rMind to Dublin. In 17^0 ku tUrtud on a 
Mcood viait 10 India, whicb he deteRiiinp4 
to rMeh overland. Ha ««• taken ill near 
Aleppo and died thera. II* left a widov 
and tn-o cbiMivn. 

Ketlte'i nottrails show (ffn»t mprii in 
colour and dmwin^.Bnd liavir bwn mLitaken 
for the work c)f Sir Josliua Rvynoldd. He 
often apparvnity placed bis uUer witb the 
ligtit on a Wei witli the Caoe. In the Na* 
ijoul Portrait (lalli-iT thntv it a portrait of 
Wamn IlaMlnn* bv him,anil in th« Itodluian 
libraiyDn of Sir Willinin lilai^kitonv. He 
mlm painted for Sir Itobert Birk^r of Buah- 

Meaauru of Christian ObedioMw.'a eamnatrJ 
of Chrtslian motals m inrolred in obedi«aioe| 
to tke lav* of the Ootpel, iraa wril«in be-[ 
tween ChriMmas 1(1*7 and Easter 107^ bnt^ 
irai iiAl publlsh«d until 1681, wlMrti, at 
llicke*'* eumeation, KettlewvU dedicated it 
luConimoii,Kahop of London, but tbia dtdi- 
«at><in nn aumraMed aft«r Compton had 
apprand in mililaiy arrajr on behalf of (he 
Prince of Umnttn at the revolution. The 
r^ouialion whioii the book woured fi>r him 
led to his utpoiiibiuot as chaplain to the 
CoaoteH of Etedfard, and to hb piMenUtioa 
by Smoii, lord Digbr, to tha vicanco of 
(\>le«hill. Warwickahira CDooember ISftS). 
Tbnnwli the eoiintm h<- hni«me known to 
I»Td William Huiopll, who, divpite pulitioal 
difTetenoes, eetoMied him ao luRhl^ tliat he 
MBt him a mestage of r«aiiMubraoc« from 
the acaflbld. .\l Cot«hill Keltlowell wai 
exeonplarr inaiteiiiion tohi* paMoral dutiiK, 
andsup^todalllbe poor familifa with eopi>u 
of the RibU and the ' Whoix Duty at Man.' 
Bjhit inBueocB with the palrao he procured 

btidgvalatire pictur-^ of -Tbe Mother and | the rMtoniioataliMilirtncarmattitlieata 

her ~>eTWi Son* mnrlyivd by Antiochu*,' 
lUa«abe««chapi.vii. 'Many ttf his portrait* 
wpa anfltaieu. 

[Edvatdi'a Anted, of B»iMtM»: Redgrarv'* 
Diet, of ARlKta; OnL Uaf. 1TS«. pc iL IO»l. 

\I*8: Oraree'a Um. of ArtiaU^ I7M-l8Si>; _. 

QitakgoaaaflhaBwndAoMUmir.&e.: iafomiK | lom uwhs' the title of'An IWp and *Ex- 
**•■ fCTn li*ti*s- St harf, t^.. CB.) L. C. , horlation to Worthy Commvnieating,' dedi- 

KBTTLEWELL, JOHN {IftU-IUM), caiini; the book to Lord DMr. Hereaijnwd 
Baqjuror and drrotional writer, aorond era ' hi* felkmahip at Linoola &iUeire on SS Nov. 

the value of 10(M. His aeoonu ptihlioatioR 
rreult^d from hie parochial work; he w»> in 
the habit of preaching (rreMratioB-aemneia 
before adminieteriag the holy communwa 
(wluoh he did eight or nine tiiiMta tn the 
year), and of tbnse he printrd a nuromarr in 

of John Kettlewell, a merchant at North 
AUarlod, Yorkihiiv. by hn wif«', Elinbeth 
Ottl«v was bom 10 March 1'WUA "od 

1683. and thanevforward devoted luQMelf en- 
tirety to hi* pariah. Ilace, in M«eps«t of the 
. — diatatted time* whiek abortlv (ollowwl, ha 
«dtMM«d at North .Vtlmon wkool nndrr fbqnaaily inenloatad pwaivo ohediukoe, and 
Hmmm Smell, a lealoui ruvali<t. Aman|f (honl^ aftor the mpfnnion of MoanKxith'a 
<ith*r pupiU who attained luatiactioD w«m ivhellionpnarhed aanaBonarfofcB*ia>, which 
VtUi HiekM, William Palliaer, archbifhop waa pfinird aArr hi* death in his o^lWied 
ofOaahal, I>r. Tbonasnaraet of lh> Chart-*, wnrt. with the title of ■ Mea«ir« of Chri»- 

tian Suhjectm.' On the death of (Hurpt 
I>owaiaf, archdeacon of Covestrv. in ICAl, 
Ke«tlew»ll mad* ttmaeoeaafnl application 
to Aichbiabop Stactoft farthai pout and for 
the pratead of Abwnw, which Downinr 
held aa ehaacellor orii^ScId; a eopr by 
Rifhop Thoeiw Tanner of hi* l»tlpr. ^ted 

houaeillioiiM* Itymcr.edrlor of the * Ktrdi-n.' 
and I>r. Radolifle. Kr*.llfw<-ll matrtculalnt 
at St. Edmmnd ltn]l. (Hfor.1. tl Nov. K^X 
aadn«duatcdH.A- AlJune 1674. On Itad. 
dilVa TeaipMiion of a Mlowahip at Lin- 
cola Cblkm, KMilewell waa alaMcd ia hia 
place in Jnlv ld7A, Ur)r*Jy thrnuith ihie i»- 

liwoca of Dr. Oeone Uirka* [%. t.\ tfcea !•'• N..V. l«*i, i* in ■ Rawliann MS. Lriteo,' 
hinnelf a frtlow. For aboat five Tran he 1 xxt. i7. in the BadJaka Libnrr. 
artixl w tntur iaealUia,aBdMoeaeded M..V. In ICM KeuWwaU ^untd. and Rar« to 
3 May ICTT. by whidi tine ha had, wr are C<4eiUU Chareh a aerrie* of «amaunMMi 
told, in prepani tiow fiw hia otdiaatiao, 'UiJ pl>i«>, whic^ was nilMalj rmmnciiaiiiil hr 
apalMi»Jaad,aearo«»haa*ed of •■t- Art^Uiiihof Saamftia fcnaliaeotdof tlii 
moaa'rfhmowa ««apo«ition(£4(S>l. lie act. draws aa at the time, wm priiUad ia 
waa ofdaiaed teeoa by tha lUahop of (U- Kitt . «,ih S* wriMamerMMMW^t.^ 
ford in Cbri>t Chanli Qalhadnl W Jnae U««4W wU the fat« of Mrriee wed. Aa 
l(rr.M«!rewrt«Fek^MriB(r(»»».W-. a mmAmbw to Ua fc« hook, that on 
jn: J. 83v [ML Lite.) Ilie firiM W»k, TW ; • CbiSiarOMWoM^- h^ 





■g of doetriiM*. TbU book b»c*mc vniy 
DapnUr, utA pMMd ttiroiiffh monv fUilioni. 
Ihirinit the confuMcm* of the revolution year 
he iM««fb«l ■Iraagljr aMinat rtrbcllioii ii|iun 
an^- prvtFDce. H« ulMrvd con«iblviilI^' to 
iktfjMinciple, and was deprived of liia vicar- 
•1^ in lOML No nottM of hUdepritrationis 
fonad in Um parisli booloL Ho th«i ramortxl 
to Loodod, Wber*^ or in th« naixrtibourfaood 
(for a Iniwr of Lis of fi6 Ma^ lOM u> ilaled 
bom Bw>liot Park, Smieiiwm MS. 1>. 37:t, 
t. 100, BocIL). bu quiwiy »iM.-at thu slinrt 
Tvmkindcr ot bin life, occu|>i«d id tli« com- 
pMition of dHTOiioiul books anil of a few 
ouativveraial iracta. Tlo wrote fhim l><<ii- 
doa, Ml 4 I>M. 1«1U, a l<>It«r in Sir Williaio 
Bomliby, on b«halfof Dr. William Sheridan, 
the <l«priiTd binhop of Kiliiiori? (n cany oxiMa 
iaBodlaaR MS.'Hnffh>b Iliit.'cL i. 1:17). 
Sbortlj belbnt liii duatli hu propoicd to 
Biaboo Ktn ibe miabliubment of a rund for 
llie relief of lk« buflering <l0[iriT«d e\«rgf. 
Tbe propcMl waa adopted, and circular* 
aduH fo* aabtcriptiqiM ven iwned. Hut 
ibe c£aritabl« •eh«m<i irai n-intnlod by the 
pDWra&wnt «a ■ Mdilioiu uiiiipation of au> 
tbority, aad promcaioa* u-nrc imiiluted. 
Kettiewvll dii-d at bis bouse in OrRv'i Inn 
Laim on I:! April ISWi, nt the age uf forty* 
(wo, and wa» tbii» rxeuipl-.-d from prtiiecu* 
tioa. Himrann friend, Koberl NuUoiiJq. T.\ 
hM firm an acronnt oT bis Isat days, \v\iie\i 
wnsMBtioUickw. lEewasburieduiil&April 
in the diurch of All Hnllows Barking, in 
tbe sante et*w in wlitcb I^iul bad been in- 
■•nvdi and in oomninniorat'd in a I^lin in- , 
Mripcian on a marbln (a)ilcl mvliil by liin 
widow St till- ••ail i-ad of Ihi' rbiirch. lli-nrni-. ' 
in ajMrncdl-writlen nnfm<ir«inlum prMiiri'wl i 
inaBodkianMa(/'aW. D.HN), l44),EivM ' 
Ml ueount of KettUwell's fitiieral. Ken, j 
wbo offimteil for Ibe only tiiiir in piiblii- 
afW hi< dMtiratioa (cf, Atv/iH«ii> MS. 
Ltttin, nodi. xvii. SIi),'pcrfnrinm1 the nDir>> 
in bi« lawn slmrr-f,' and ' pmynl for the 
Jfiag — and tbn qii«>n«' (tw), &p. 'Tbnn: 
boiklni Mr. Uawarih, ibe minister, 
twoen tkirtT and forty clergy and u many 
of tile laity, mime at tb^mi of (pvid r)unlilr.' 

Kettlewell hkd married at ^'hitcburcb. 
near tttading, on 4 Oct. liJdfi, Jane, daugli- 
T^T of Anlbonv L^bli of Ilardwiek IIoum in 
Uwpatisbof Wbitchiirrb. Hi* Ru^■il^dlif« 
wu OM of KTwl happincM; bi* vrifi-, by 
wbon be bad no cbildrcn, sttrvind him, but 
tba date of bar doatli has not been found ; it . 
aiiiini, hioirerpr, to IWTe occurTcd about or 
befm 1719 (.Vofw gad Quenm, Srd i«r. i. 
ftl). Ilia papers were enlnifilod by bis 
widow to Itoben NeUoa, who published 


I Hma of thrm. Hcvnni charitips werA MU- 
I bltabnd by bin iii«&nii at Cnluhill, thraagb 
ftini fr<i)m SLmun, turd Uieby, Mrs. liawlin*, 
and bimH-lf. lleexbiblt«d in his cbaractrr a 
jierfei't pntteniofquii'lChriBtiandoraliODand 
unfailing; cljsrily in the inid»t of heated cco- 
Iroversies. Ken Mid, in « letter to XeLum, 
' He was certainly a* uint-likn a ninn tn ever 
1 knew.' In IlMima's pencil anw quoted 
aborr, iti*hnpIl>niT^tIaiid7(lroiDwhoR] ibe 
not* MTins to be derived) nppMir* to b«qiiot«>d 
as »«yinf[r ' Uin book* sbuw bira to be n 
VI^^v piouK as well U9 lt:'an]e<l jiemuti, nnd 
will outlast any nioniimeiit his friend t cnn 
bestow upon liiin. He wan, m fur us ever I 
could perceii'p, of n KWd'-t and coiirt"i>ii8 di»- 
jHwiiiiin nnd very ^l>mInIlni^4lIiT■^.' liiacbief 
mrrriBtian lay in miuii^; be wii.< ikilled in 
the Ihcorj*, nnd performed on llie violonnollo, 
baie-riol.and violin- HiMportrnitwajpninlwl 
by Henry Tilnon.und enf^vinfisby Vandnr^ 
Kucht, Vertiw, and J. Smith arv found pi«> 
Sied lo some of bis books. 

Kettlewell's works ht«; 1. ' Meaanreii of 
Chri«ian Obf'dinnoo,* IBSI ; iitid edit. 1I»;J- 
l«t4, Srd liiai. 4t.h 1700. .%Ui 170(1 (wiih 
portrait), lilh 1714. 2. 'Ilnlp snd Rsbortn- 
tion to \^'oTtby Comm anient init,' ItldS; vielit 
edition* up to 1717, the fourth printodat 
Cambridi^ in 1701. 'A. 'A Diiiooiirie ex- 
pluiniilf; the Xaturv of KdifiCBtidn,' in ii visi* 
latiou nermon at Uuvuulry, Itltl^l. 4. 'A 
Funeral Sermon for the Laay Frances Digbgr,' 
1<}81. A. •TheltrligionsLinvslisti' a viai- 
lalioo sermon alColeshill, 1880. (J. 'Sermon 
on Occasion of thn Death of Simon, Lord 
Digby,' 168(1. 7. *Tho Practical lUi^ver; 
or thu .\rlicIc»of the ApoBlle»*Crt««l drawn 
out to form a Iruc Christian's lltart and 
Practice,' two paru [anou., willi iiiitiula 
J. K.], ltW8; publieJied by William Alt«n, 
D.D., fol. 1703: 3nl edit., with a prefac* by 
Itoben Xelsnn. andsdditiona, 1 7 1 2- 1 .1 ; tmn»- 
laied into Wdlsh by Itichard ap ftobfri, 1 708. 
t*. ' Of Christian I'nidencc.or IteliKioii* Wi»- 
dora, notdcffencnitinjt into IrrrlitiiniiiCnifli- 
nos* in Trring Timm' [anon., wilh initialo 
J. K.], l«9l. fl. * Chrialianity. a lloctrin- 
of iheCroM: or Faasive Obedience under aav 
prvr«nded Invasion of Lcval Riehts and Lj- 
berties'fiLnon.l, 1001; IADS, with tlwautlior's 
nanwr. 10, 'The Duty of Allegiance settled 
upon iu Trua Orounds ... in Answer to a 
lat* Book of Dr. WilL Sherlock, ontilulcd 
The Oasoof the AUcipanoe duo toSovereoffn 
Powcni' [anon,], 1091. II. 'Of Clirisiian 
Communion, lo h« kept on in the I'nit^ of 
Christ's Clitirch . , . andof tbo (Hiligations 
botli of faithful I'astor* to adntinister Or- 
thodox and Holy Officnt, and of faithful 
People to Communicate in tlic samn,' three 




parts fauoo.], 1603 ; rciiwucil in 
a ^neral lille of 'Fuur BHWral Ti 

16{ir> witli 

Re*. John Ketllewell,' witlioiit ttpeaJflcation 
of Kaj Whvn. 12. ' A Companion for the 
P«nwcatiH]; or nn OIHcefnr tuOAe whoSiifTfT 
for KlghUioiunma,' 16114. Ul. ' A Comtuiniiin 
for ttio Penitont Mid for P«r«on» troublud in 
Blind,* leu I of tliU Kottlowell vent down 
oopiuti to Coliwliitl, to the ]N?op1u of which 
p«rii>h it wan udilrMsed, f>ir distribution; It 
WM rmuued in lllOC, logeiW with the 
* Oonipsnion forlliw ryrsoi-iil^^d ' Jnied 1693. 
\i. ' DpBth mndp ("orofortiible, "r thn VTny 
toDi« wvH,' lcl9.'i; with nn olHcn for the 
•ii^k 1702, nnd L'nd rdit. 1732. IS. ' IJc- 
clanition nnd IVofccnioQ mndp by rhixol iit thu 
rccnivinKofllifHnlrSafmraunrcJthf l.orJ's 
Supper. 2S Miiri-li 1691,' printed. Wood aays, 
in a half-dhiKt in 1005; r«priuli>d in uL* 
' Lifv.' 16. 'Five Discourses on so maoT 
iraportnnt Points of rrac>ici>l Religion,* with 
a profacn giving »omn Recount of hit tifo 
{hr Itoborl. N'nlson), 1696; Snd edit., with 
four ncmioiu, two port*, 1708. t". 'An 
Offieo for PriiioniiniforL'rima*,to(Toth« with 
auolher for Priaoncrt for iJoht ' (with a iiri'- 
faw by Robert Nelson), 1097. 18. 'The 
Great EtQ nod Dang«r of Proflueneee and 
ProdlKality' Cpnbtished by KeUon), 170fi. 
10. 'WorIw,*3vnU fol. 1719. with -Life' 

Srpfixrd ; the si-verol trncts huvn title-puiM 
nted I7ia 30. 'The True Chnrchof Eng- 
liind Mnn'* romponion' (a muutl of dovo- 
tion criTnpilr'd fniin his woria), 1749. 31. A 
trnnlisi- 'of thp new onthn' wiut loft by him 
in msnuBcripl, but ncvi-r printed. 

[Mrfmuinof (Kplt:.-vrvir«)Lirp , . . oimpi1*d 
ftnm tJip c^nllcctions uf Dr. OnorgD lli«k« atid 
Roborl Spl«n, unil&litpiliiiioiiyniauilj bv Fnin- 
eiK Id'B of .St. Johii'K (V'tliiKii, (IxfurU. iiikI M.l*. 
of Iho unimi[<j of Piiiluii, Stn. Li>nilon. ITI8 : 
Wuod'i Athonir OioD.; Socri>laa'a Lifi' of Ntl- 
■on, ISGO. pp. .5fl-(l"2 ; privnto intominlii™ fnim 
til* riodr .if ('oli-hill iiii-l ri«t«r of Wliili-liiiri'h. 
A l»U»r fr-.-m Kottlpwell lo Bishop W. LloyJ, 
t}io dcprircd biihop of Xonricb. dnt«d 20 Dsr. 
iaS4. upon nvnilins I.tuj'tl a '"py of liin Cum- 
Mntou fnrtllv I'piitlint,niiililm:n1>iiiu liixsclirtno 
for eharitnblB rtlisf. is (irintAd from tbo aripnid 
in tho |io*w<uioD of llic tnli) Dr. D. Witlinnu, 
warden of N'»w ColUvn, Oxford, in J. I.. And«r- 
doa'f Life of Km, ISit. 2b<1 edit. pt. ii. p. OOil. 
SocDs lalt«n to Ooloaol Itaan OnnaD (mthot 
of Lord pTMton) an KmoDC the mtnutcrlpts of 
OaplAin BAeot at LeniiB Hall, Wul.Tnorclitnd, 
and a l«It«r to Suncrort. dntod IS Oct. ia«4, 
anon{ tha mnniuwripis M. Stonyhant OolI»Bo 
(Hist. MS3. Oomn. lOlh Bap. pi. ir. p. 337, 
9tA Rep. p. S*0},1 W. D. M. 

KEUOH. RtATrnEW fl744P-l-n8). 
ffOTnmor of Wiixford, bom of a proteMant 
tamilj in ImUnd about 1744, imc by his 

ability durini; the American war fioan tW 

poiilioa of {iriTalf^ to that of eiui^. being 

gaietted in iIm 00th orroral Atn«ncnii rrvi- 

nient of fbot on SI Oct. 17*13. On U J-iIy 

17nO h<? vriw appnintnd lii-ntvnsnt in the 

4Rth tv{(im«nt of font (Irrtlnnd), ^m vtkiA 

he wnA Imnifcmxl on 14 March 1773 to lbs 

27th or InniBkiUiflff rcftimi-nl of ff>oi(Iit. 

Und). On retiring from th«i army in 1774 

{Armi/ Ijittt) hu went to live upon liii pm- 

pertT in tli^ town of Wexfoad. He benme 

a .I.P., but wu dppriTvd of hU mtniaiMioa 

in I7IXI for hij twrolatinnnrr oympatbJM. 

Upon the occupation of Wrx/ord hj the in* 

surgenls on .lOMay ITt>^ Kcughwn* choMn 

br thMn mililnry fjcoremor of llie ton. 

I'bougb h« endi-arourvd to protect «ucb W 

the rc^alistc sa remained, he waa powerleaa 

to prereu t the ptbinff on the bridge unSO Juw 

of (I? out of the 380 prisoners who ««(• 

chnrged with having wTongedtlMpeMuiliT. 

When thn onptur^ nf Wexford by ibe mift- 

tory waa inoTitnhlc, Kruj^ forraallr pla<«d 

the government in the band* of the loynliit 

Lorn Kingaburou^'h, hoping thereby lo mt* 

the town from ma^acre and plunil^r. lie 

wao ultimately brought loa drumhead trial. 

Lord Kiogsboroiiffh, Colonel Le niuite, and 

other wilneMesofgood social Mandiag etat«d 

that Keueh had actod on all oceanon* with 

' singular humanity, ud had tn»d to pr^ 

! vent elFwion of blood, and that Ibny owwl 

tlu>ir livc« to hi< pnrtonal tntciJerenrn. lift 

wn* novnrthrlMs exocutod on the bridgn on 

25 Juno I7I'N; his body was thrown into 

I the rivi-r. and his head plaoeil on the eottrt- 

I huuip. In private life Keu^h waaeeleMMd 

; for bin nmny nmlnhle nua]itiea andMCom- 

, plishmentd, !!«' niarrieJ an aunt of the wib 

I of Sir Joiiuh Darrington. 

I [Webli'o Coini<(<DdiiiDi of Irish Biof^pby; 

MunKrnro'i Hiit. of the Iri»h Rebellions; mm- 

I 'Ipii'ii ITnlisd IriihmoTi : Loekv'* EnslaDd in tha 

' Kif.-tirMiiili Century, »ol. viii. ; Barringtaa'f 

Pcnonnl .Skolchco.] O. O, 

' KEITIK.S&ixT (4»-ei8). [See Caw- 


KEY. [Sm nleo Ctm.] 

1883). admiral, »nn of Cliarle* AMon Key 
[q.v.i, onlcrpd the navy in It^SS. naaaed fcii 
rxaminntion in 18-10, und od 32 Dec. IS48 
waa awnrdtrd the lie<uten&nt'acoinmi«aoii(at 
that time compeiAd for in a special course of 
Htudy, on board thn Kxeelli'nt gunn«rvHihip 
and at llio Royal Naval Collcjo at t'ort^ 
month. In February 1843 he joined the 
Curtfoa gningoui to ihceaitcoaai of South 
America, where, in Fobrunry 1844, he waa 
Iransfcrrcil to tho Oorgon, with Captain 



Key 83 

jw HoUiam [f.T.] On 10 Mar tlt« 
, tli«a St aacbdr off Monl« Vid«o, 

ffi1<?ll W rablt* in • vioWl nle, and was 
van OB ■hon', br sborv hi(rli-wa(«r mark. 
Wb«i thvsMrarlunioil to tUtuiul 1«vpl,lhn 
•hip m* dry tn witliin a fnw ttrnt of licr 
«l«n»-piul, noil iiulmldM in the naail i« & 
dcrptfa o( tliirti.'rn f«l. Ki-r wm only itii- 
junior liculeaant, Iiut his wirntilic tmiiiiu); 
cnabtiNl bini lolakeapromineiiliLarein lliu 
wovkofgetUngber afloat, anil at onctfiuarked 
him aa a riaingi man. 1I<> ws« apjK>icil«<I to 
flOOUUUKl the Fannv t«ndiiF, nncTanor iltn 
•Btioo at Obliirulo (^ Nor. ltU6), in which 
bo warn ulifflillj iriiuinlnj. bii w)u promolcil 
to ibf nnk of funimBiiilifr, his commiawuD 
Uinif aatuilalvd lo If Noi. ^■^o^n 18(7 to 
I V>u h« eommaniltd tli« nulldo)^ itttf4iui>^r iri 
iIm Medi<«TTanrMin,uu<,l on II Oct. 18fi0wM 
«d*Bnned lopcM-rank. During the Itiiatian 
irar of lUilU-a U* cnminniided tbe Ampliion 
ftijBl* in tbo Baltic, took part in th* i«duc- 
DB 0^ BoManund and in tbo bombardmcnl 
STwboty t and van Te|ipat«l]r ^nj^agcd 
'"'1 the eaomy"* bailuriM, p»i)«rinll)r in ihe 
of Vibon;. On & July 1S5I> bv woa 
at«d a C,B. Id ISST' l>* veal out to 
1 eonunand of ibe MT«w lin»«f-bat tl« 
h1, in wbicli h^ was at ooco wnt 
Ta daiaebniimt of marinni to Calcutta; 
bringing iliam bach nlion tbo mvnit 
'lamd bad pawtd, bn ooinniand«d a batlntion 
of ihanaTal Mf^Aa at the mjitiirf of Ciin- 
toa (38-9 Uco. IK'i?), nnd a lew ilayii Iiit«T 
witb hi* own hand* oeiiui Ych, thu Ohiucuo 
oovwiKW, ai hu wu tevking tu eacapi! iu tli« 
dugiuae of a coolio (Olimiaxt, .Vnrrah'n> ^ 
• Strl ^ S^Vt .VittwH la CAina, i. 141) 
I Ssruocii, Sin MioitasL, 1802-18^]. 
Vtaa ISSS to 1680 K«y wan a member of 
rnyal commtuion nn naiionnl dnfnnrti; 
_ Im) hit wai nppnintod catitnin of th«! 
Moan PBacrreat Dovonpnrt.anitin ISQScap- 
tUB of tbo Exerlleni and superintendent of 
tbe RoTmX XanI Cvllpge. Ou SO Nor. IblM 
he waa pramotHl lo bb rearodmiral: li^ had 
&lr«a*ly been ci>n«iill«d by iba admiralty 
sbinil [li» onpaBiaatinn of tbo naw iWpnrt' 
BMU of naval ordnonoi', and woji now ap- 
aoratad to th'i oflioe of dinwtor, which ho 
Laid till ibo vummur of IM19, wh«n ho nc- 
e»pl«ii the poat of •upFriniundent of Porta- 
■Mth dodiyard, from wbicb bu wasaborlly 
•Aoraraida min-Ml to Malla-atoooeas duwr- 
iBtondnit of tli« doi-'hvard and tieeoud in 
eonunaml in tli» Mnlil«rran«an. In 1873, 
wlwa it WB8 lUilirmiDrd to «»i|Rbli«li tho 
RmaJ NaTol (Villitfp' >t Cirnrnwich on n much 
«BUr^|iid plan, Kpj* wu rnllrd hoini! fr>r tlin 
parpote of orgnmiiuift it. Tbr whole ichema 
WU drawn out by bin, and thu cuUpi^v, witb 


K«v aa pTu*i<l»Dt, wo* op<m«d in Kohriianr 
lets. Un 30 AprU ltC3 ha vaa advaaetKl 
(o b» Tlc(>-admiral,uo(t ou 'H May waanOBii* 
tiated a K.O.B. Heconiiniied ai Gre»nwicb 
till ibe beginning of 187(1. when he wa« an- 
pniuind cainniana<rr-iii-cbier on ilie Nortn 
Anii-riaiii and Wctl Indiui iluiion. On iit- 
InininK the rank of adniinil,L*l .Maivb I^«, 
hu tvturnnd to Kiislond, nni{ for a coupla of 
nionih* iu iho lumtnvr hud command of an 
CTulul ionarv »>|uadron in the Chonnul. In 
■luno 1879 ^e W114 ap[ioiiit«-d jiriiictpal uaval 
aide-de-camp to th« ijueen. und in Au^iisl 
first naval lord of the adniirsliy, in which 
jKiiit h« imnainad till tlia chonfrr^ of miniiirr 
in thnaumnKTof lA8ft,wh(>nhn wiUKnintpa 
n Kpiwiat pennon of 6O0/. a yi-ar, in udfliiion 
to bin half-pay. The fl.C.H. van confc-rrod 
on bim on 24 No*. 1689, and on 11 Aiig. 
1884 bewasappaintedamMiibi-r of thr privy 
council. He waa also F.R.S., F.R.G.S.,ana 
n.C.L, ; and ww author of "A Xarrativf of 
tho Itecorsry of II. M.S. (iori^n, alnndiNl 
in tbo Bay of Monto \'idi>o, lO May 18+1," 
Sto, IfM". After hi* reiivnmi-nt ho midcd 
al Maidcnhnvd, and thvri? he died on S March 
1888. Ill- was twici- morrinl.and left bane. 
A portrait, prMeiited by the aubscriber« in 
IS16, i» in thi> library of the Itoyal Naval 

rO'BymF'BNar»t lliiw. Dial.; ohituai^ oolicu 
in Timos. i, T. and 8 JUrfh. and Morning Fa«t. 
t March IH9] infnriinitiriri from ibo fWuily ; 
porwiMi knovled^s. Th*aniaiBl«iri«a|ioiuUaea 
la JqIt 18BA relating to the apraal nenrian waa 
pablisliod aa a parliaDiinilary pap«r.] J. K. L. 

KEY, CHARLFJ^ ASTON (I7t>3-lftl»), 
surgeon, born in Sriulhwnrk on It i )pI. I'lW, 
waa oldeat inn of Thomiu Ki-v, iii«lical prac- 
titianeT,and .MargnrrI IJurrj-. Yhoma^ Hewitt 
Kry fq. T.l wua a half- brut her by a second 
mnmaj^'. Astou Key was eJucatfil at Btint- 
inKfurd ipvnmar acbool, Hertfordshire, and 
was apprenticed to bis lather in 1^10. He 
attended the lectuiM at thv (.'nilnd llotoiigh 
Hn«IiitBl« in 1813, and became a pupil nt 
Gni^g in I8I4. In tKI6 hi* afrprentieeabip 
in his father wan cancolled, and lift beoame 
I pupil of .\9tley I'ooper at a \iiTfje premtum. 
In 1817-IH lie lived wilh Cooper, and in 
1818 married Coopttr'^i ni'^'ce, Anne Cooper. 
Key became demun^trat'tr of anatomy at9t. 
Tliomaa's Iln'pital, but tvaipicd the poat in 
FebniarT im'V thoufrh he Hare *omc of Sir 
AwleyCiooppr'n mrgiral Iccturwfortwoaea- 
sions afli-rwardu. Key Imd ouulilied at ihs 

ttoyal('r>11"K'">'^^'>'V^°'"'''' i^'^littudin tbo 
nul'iimn of the- nune year waa appointod the 
firrt aiflidBnt surgeon to Gay's, succeeding 
to a full aurgeouoy in January 1^24. In this 
rear be inlri>duci'd the operation for titho* 





toiuv will) tlie atTniKtit sini)', ming only 11 
ttiilglc knife nil ihrourh ; llie euci:es> iif hit 
oppTBtioaE celnblisbcil his r?pulBiion lu a 
•urifcon. Ill' j,-iiim--il n lar[,'e praftict', aiitl 
wai i-licleil a rplluw of ibe Ruval Societv. 
In lt<aij, on the Bi-pavitinn vf Ouv'* from f^l, 
Tliomiui'H mmlicHl scIkx'U [tm Coorvu, Siit 
AsTLBt Pajtos], K«v wa* npiioinli>d li>p. 
turn on eui^iTi' a1. liiiy'i>, unil bin I'luHc* 
were for many yoar* very tiopukr. Hu re- 
cipwd till! loci.urculiip in iM'I. In l>*t!i lie 
WMOIU! of tbi! Iir»t i-lcctLil fellowH of tli« 
KoTol OoUcgo of Bunfvuiift, nud iu rlii^ »umi- 
TOBT boCAme a mumb(<r of it? cuiincil, In 
1817 be wa>t appointed 'iirguon lo I'rinco Al- 
btrt. IIo ilitfd of cholern nil 2'A Aug. IMB, 
luavitig nine cliiMixin. Hit inn Sir Ant ley 
CoiMier liey i* sppariilciy imticiitl. 

Key WHS 11 p'siit eiirgii-ul (i|>i-Tiilor nod 
leclurcr, hia lecture* hriuf InrRi'ly ihi' ro- 
Eiilu of bif uvn i:xpem-iici'. Hi- was not a 
wcU-rvH'l mull nor n •i-ifiilidi: patliologiitl. 
lie wa* OH'! of tli* first "iirtroom in Ltindon 
to UM ether a^ an aniEstlirlir. Ill* iloxii^ity 
wilb the knife •Kns rt^innrkiihl'' : bit wui 
UfiTcr kniin-n to mnku a mistnlsi- ilirouKli in- 
attonlxon to tli-taiU. In pi-mon 1il- wna of 
coiamaiidinj^ prvstMLi^L', thin, and rallitr tail, 
wilb II aliglitlv ai[iiiliiii; uuiw, 

Kry conlriburud to iHi* ' Guy's Hospital 
Ki-porU* Miiiie ruluallo pupi^ra on li<»niiA. 
)ilhoioiDy,sniIol1ief«ul>ji'Cl«. lie al»o wrote: 
1. 'A Short Trefiliw 011 the S«ciion of iho 
l*KMtat<i niand in I.ilbmoray,' Jto, 4 plati-B, 
London, IS24. i. ' A Mi-moir on tins Advan- 
tages and I'ractirabi]itv'>fl)ividin|t<hi'Stric' 
ture in StruiiRnlHipd Ik'rnia on Iht- outnide 
of tbn^ar,' Avo, London. \fKi3 ; and biMfililfd 
thu luL-ond I'ditiun oC Sir Afttlsy Cwopw'g 
u'Urk (ID hernia. I81'7. 

IBrit.ftBd For. Mixl.-CInr. Bcview, ir.612-7: 
Lnn«ot. IM10.ii.aoo. lll; Wilkinnd Buiuny. 
BioK- Hitl. ol Guy'* Ilotpital] Q. T. B. 

KEY, Sir JOHN (ir04-I«»), lord 
mayor of l-ondon, driest •iin of John Koy of 
Drnmnrli Hill, Surn-y, wan bom on 10 Aug. 
l7tM. llr- i-nli-rfd Kin fulhtr's busiufssi, lUul 
•if 11 wboirHuIrr -liiliTintT, riliont I8lP. Tile 
finn bad I.H-fO e«tiiljli«br'il in llii-laBl century, 
and llien tr»d<-d as Key Ilruiliers Jt &in, iir 
;«> Abfbiiroh Ijine, .\fter »i'ver»l change* 
of abodii ■III' hiibinpu wa« finally ri^movnd to 
»7«nd ]03Nen'(fat4;Stni't. Key was HoctL-d 
alderman for tlio ward of Ijimgbourn <m 
8 April IKW, and Krved Uif oHite ofslirriil' 
of London und MiddleneK in ihe ciiHiiinii; 
vear. Ho nerved the olfice of matter of Ibe 
Statiouura' Cumiiany in I^'IO, nud iu ibe 
name vear waft electod loril mayor, lie nan 
one o(tlie IwHling «un|>rinen> nf ih'- lii-form 
llill in tlio ciiy, and rccdred tht^ unuaunl 

hanour of n liliirlinn to iba mnyorahy in 
the foUowinfT year. IJurinK bu *Dcn<uI 
mayontlly, when William IV and Qumi 
Aiilelaidc had urmn^^ed to visit tli« city ia 
Older la ap«n new London Briil^ K«y tuf- 
ttrei some Iom of popularity by advisiDn \\m 
king and his miniMcrt not to oomo to tbr 
city on arcouni of l^n kuppnwMl unpnpularitT 
of tbt! Diiki' of Wellington. The viut faavi 
off Mtisfa^'IarilT, and Key vta* cToaI>^d a 
boronel br Wlllinm IV on 1" Anii;, lf<3l. 
He was eleutt-d member of pnrliatoent for 
llie city in \b3:i. lie remoml ia IMI fioia 
Langbouni 10 tlie wartl of Brides Wiiliooi, 
whicii he reprewnlMt tintil \fiSli. In ibit 
ypiir ho waj> clMt«id cbambarlain of l..aDdon 
kflnr a poll, hIa oppoiuinl being Hnniamia 
^ntt <[|. v.], who ullurwanla succeeded biat 
in that ollice. 

Kiry died on 15 July iHIiH. It^iinp by hb 
wife Cliarlutte, youugtwt daughierof Ftaiicia 
Green, wq., of Dorking, Sitrror, n soti, Sii 
KiiigsniiU K«v, wlio ancoiiodvd liiiu in t' 
boTOnelcy, anil tlimr danglilem. 

[Rocanli of the Corpontion uf London ; Ci 
Pmii. IHAa : Orriitgo'a C^tiaoD »( Londm a 

lli~ir Itulcff ; Foaitar's PMn^ and BoMOBtaft; 
KrtilB and l^oBl OtBcv London Dlraelotiai.] 

C. W-n. 

KEY. THOMAS HEWnT flTlW-lsril' 
Latin itdiokr, bom In Southnaik, Ijondoi 
on ^0 March 17W, was the younguat aoa 
ThoiTia« Kev, M.D,, a liomloN phyaiciai 
byhi^secouil wife, Mary I.iix Itarry. Char' 
Aston Kpy fq. v.j, the mit^^pon, wa* bia bnlf- 
brothor. Tuo fnmilv of Key vnu nn oldoor, 
settled for six hnniired yean at Standorn in 
SLuU'onUliire, and for about two hundred of 
them nt Wetton Hull. Thomaa waa »du- 
cateil for nearly ten years al nitnlingford 
graiuinar school, nertf()n!«hir<T,wht*fr,B»d'r 
the Rev. iSamnel I'cwe, Latin, Frwicb, nad 
malhinnntic wnre mperinlly well taiighl. 
In (Ictober iS17 bo entered'Sl. John'* Col- 
logo, t.'nni bridge, and was rieeted a >«hot*r, 
but in theii|)rinRof Itfli) migniled lo Trinity 
College, where he also obt uiiicd n lobolanJiip. 
lie graduut'-d BA. in \^\ (aa nioolMnili 
i wrnnglert, M.A.1K24, Aibitfnthor'sdesirB 

Key studied nindiriiiec l^^l -1 1 at Cnnilfrid, 

I andalOiiy'i; Iloapitnl, l<ondon. InJulylH;.' 

lie mrit in IVned'a roonx al Cnnibridgo nn ac- 

I complishi"! .\mcricun, l-'ronei* W. Gtltncr, 

I who had been dejiuled luapleet profuMuni for 

; 1 he newly founded unit emity of Viivinia at 

ChurlolleHville, U.S.A. Key waa iniTucied to 

accept the nri>feMOTsbi[iofmir«Datht<malite, 

and entered on his dutias 1 April ISi-y lli 

tanghi auccwsfulty till the autumn of ItiSTi 

when he resigned on iireounl of the uniitil 

ability of the climate, and returned to Kng»' 







In Ammim K«j bid ilevotnl part of ' 

■un to ibe HTmolo{[leal MudirofLaiin ^ 

r,'Knf(lin1iCullunMnVitgini&.'inyi»lii ' 

ytmu fnir, Sluilir; 7<ll eer. »oK V-ri., 

II. n. Ati4ii«, -T. JeRVrMit nnd iIm< i 
I'nir. of VinriniB,' in No, 2 of V.S. Btirrau ' 
»fEJmattioH Cirrubir9fli\f«rmittiait' Woili- 
iiaftaB, ISSt*). In ibo amiimn of \»2» Kry 
WM «p«^n(«il |iro(«uor of Laiin at xhe 
VKwVj fouadrd Lomdon L'DtTcnitjr in Oowi^r 
StnM (bow I'uTvntly Collfge). In lH4j . 
W tMigMd UiM profMsontiip for tbol of ' 
«oiBBw»tiv«imiiiin«r,diM;bMgingtbe dnliM ' 
of thi! latter chair willinut MUrjr until hit 
ilcAth. In l!'3:t hie liad bwt) nanointcd, | 
joioUj with I'roEttaor Mrnrv Mafann (hi* , 
oontemporanr at St. John'* Co1lqi«), liMtd- 
maatar of u« n«w (cho»l atinchv^ to L'ni- | 
vnvtt; Oo11et!«L From \^J till hU tli'iitli i 
Ki-r WB* MM bMd-iiiafit«r. Iktwcim 1809 
and 1^7.'ii)Miiunber«oftli*achcMit rotnfrom 
About four hnndrMl lorivernix hnndred. A* 
■ MhoolmwIcT Ki'V iits It man of idnu. Up 
iatfoduoedtbocnide-fonnvnileniof tmcbinK 
tb« clmiwl bngums, a»i| bU (chool wiu 
««» of tb« 8m in Kngland to includr nniu- 
raj acienM in tbe ordinari- rumculum. Kt^r 
maintainrd Uia diaeipliui^ fimilv >>ui » tthout 
avrcritr. Ila di«d ot bmncbitU, after a fort- 
nigbt'it illnnw, on 29 Xov. It)75, nnd wiu 
binied in lli^mtc rpmnlc-rv. Il<> marriml, 
«oS0 S'pi. Ib^J. Sarah Trowanl. voiin^.T 
ilanybirr of Itii-bard In)nini>n|£<'>r Tmwnnl, 
wfao bad bu'ti loltritor to ihi> nmupc^iilion in 
ibe Wam-n Hailing trinl. hrjr'a wito and 
aevmi chililren iitrvivcd liim. 

Kay *a* an vnlliupia>tic and widrlj read 
IaUb Bcbolar, and hnd c npoinlly n ininut« 
•aqnaintancp wilb riniitnH uml Tviviice, llia 
k^t-koown irnrk i« liiif ' Ijitiii limtnniar' 
ipubliabrKl in li^'il. ■ book ' n«<immondi\l ' 
tMta Mt, Itobinmn Kllla) 'b^ it" i>>>u[>licity, 
f h(> newni^M of i t.i txamplaa, and I Im> cloarnrM 
with which it (nvaocitii the rli-mimlory or 
«Tiid<- fi>fta4 of Latin word* apart rniin th^ir 
■aflrxionH.' In January IH31. in rvviewing 
Zanpt'ii ' Latin (trammar' (QuarUrlvJonr- 
mmt ^ Educatimi). Kef bad made the fint 
nrapoaal in print to a]>ply tlia method of tlie 
SanafcrilpMnmarianiilalhnitudf nnd Itacli- 
iBir of I^lin and Umk, hut pmTiouily lo 
IMl the etude^ona rjntrm liad been rx- 
ponndait in hia claaaical li-ctiim. An afr> 
count of ibr urttrm is f^ivu in .^^p(-ndix i. 
in Uw arrniid and third Mllions oft lie 'l.alin 
iTTanunar* Abo«t IMii KeT bad bc^un I" 
pTPpars a l^lin dictionary brarliouU: but 
lu ahandnncd ibii vrork, and aWnt IhTiiI 
undntooka lan(«dirti<>niir)-, tin* niunniw-ripi 
of which, l-'ft inoomplHc at hi« itrnlh, wax 
faibltabMl wilbovt odditiona in I8t<s by the 

avndiea of ibe Cambridpt I'niveraitj' I'ri'M. 
Thi? luttc^r A i< tolcrablr complete, but only 

?»tionsof the remaining tM ten are finisbeit. 
Iio vork diMilaja wide reading and orij;!- 
nnlity, lliou^h iha ctjlnoUwie* hnvii been 

KrtlynupcrMidvd bjr later philoloftion! know- 
{ge [Mre Ae^detaj/, Saturday lUiifiB, and 
.Spectator, all of 6 ,Mnv liSW; AtAftKetm. 
•j\ Si-pl. IBSS). Kcv'i chief woika are: 
1. 'The Alpfaabet.'Ae. (partlv s npriut of 
Uis arltclaa tmm tlii» 'Penny (Xolopcritn,' 
11<3a-13),lMidon, 1M4. ISmoi 2nd edition, 
IW0. ;?. 'Th<'Co«»troir«j.yabonnlie"Vat^ 
ronianiia '' ' (bolvora Kry and J. ^\. Donald- 
•on, fire pamphlet* n-iiKnIeili, Lrmdan.IKU, 
Svo, privBlt'ly printed. S. ' \ Latin (ham- 
mar on the Svsi<Mn of (.'rude FormH,' LmdoD, 
IS4IJ,l-ino:'^d edit ion, Londiin,l^ri^,8r«; 
.ird edition, 18fla,8TO. A. • .\ Short l^atin 
Gmmmnr,' l^ndon, Ii*fl2, ISmo, ft, 'Pliilo- 
logicnt K<«iyi>,' London. IMSA, f<vo (partly 
incorporuiins: pntvr* rontribntrd by Key ■■> 
llic riiilohiciral Society). O. ' (Vaar* lid* 
vutic War,' with Iranilaiion and Dot«t. pi. 
i. cc. 1-W. \if7'i. 7. ' LanjtuttKi?, ilH llrigin 
and nevelopmcnt.'Londou.lsri.^vo. b.'X 
lAlin-Hiigluh Diciionaiy.'Camlmdge, 168^ 

K«y wn« n f.-Ilow of iho Knynl Socinty 
(clMtrd ISliO). jinil for Homo year* jire»idcnt 
of tho I'liiloiofjienl Socicrty of L)iidon. to 
wlioRo ' Tnunnrlion*' he contributed mom 
than ■ixiy-thrc'- papi-rn. He waa one of ihu 
founders of llie I^Jiidon Libnirj-, and for 
Mnn« yean a mtrinber of t be commit ie« of tba 
Soci«ij for ibu UilTuaion of tlaefbl Know- 
ladge. For tb« aila» of ihia aocirty he pn<* 

Kivd the maps of ' Oallia' and ' Franco in 
OTiiKwa,' and wim a t^niribnlor to ita 
■QuartMly Joumnl of Kducntion.' 1S31 -^, 
Ai a poUticinii, Key wni> a teal'>ii!< nupporlor 
of the Iteforrn Bill, of lbcre]iral of the com 
laws, and of the abolition of I he paper duty 
lie also took an active pert in themoT«ment 
which rMulled in the fonnation of the voltin- 
twr force in IMS. 

A marblnbuai ofKnybrT. Woo1n{<r,It.A., 
*ub*eribcd far by old piiiuU and frienda ua a 
teatimonial a (aw montim before bia d«alb» 
was preaenltd to I'mivemily College. Key 
was lall. and of ttrikiiig personal a|ij)eamnce. 
FrofestOT Oeor^ l.on);, bi« conteniporarv at 
Trinity follege and his inlimnte fii^nd 
ibrougb liCi', Fpcakfof him nin man of kindly 
tompmmrnt, unalTceted Bn<l mc>dt«t, ihougfi 
boldin bi*ot>iniona,and ai' a tcadierbetored 
In' hii pnpiU.' 

llaromiBtioD kindly farnii-litd )>y Tlwitaai 
Key. ex]., Kin of ProfiBor Krj. iind bj J. Fowra 
Ilicki.ni4,. nf Lincoln I 'oUcgc- Oxford, an old 
pupil and fricad of Kty't; ubllaaTy notlc* by 



Om*8* Long iu ftrKwiling* of B07. Soe. N«, 
IM. ISjg; itn."r. D. Koy' ta Kniglit i EogL 
p^lop. Blo«Taphr- lUe (fiTT UiU K#j sDpplied 
infortnAtioD I : n, Elli) in iIid Aondamj. 4 1l^*c. 
187$. r- A'<- DeclSTA. p. }*I; 
Vanl'KllBlioftliElioign.lSSS; Brii, Mu*. OiL] 

W. W, 

KEVES or KEYS, RtXJKK (rf. 1477), 
ArcIiit4Vt nnd wnnlcn of All Rouli' CoUi^, 
(.)iford, j« Knl mentioned iii US'. nlii.-ti. to- 
ffclliiT with Juko Unictl, nfti-rwnrd* Brvb- 
oMcou of Kxeti»', hv wuB architevi and iii- 
Bpeolor of w>>Tk« at til'? buildiii2 of All SuuU' 
Oolleite, Oxiotd, by Aivlibuoop Chidmli' 
[a V.J Ilsmsooeof tb«on0iiMl MIovraof 
tue o^t«gi>, »Dd i»ir«n«<d«d Iticbatd Andrews 
uwudanin I'U'J. holdingthAt pott for ihne 
TMra. In 144^ Kcyu« was ■unmoned by 
Ilitnry VI tu nt-t us'clirk of iliv wurlu for 
tlio ii<!W roysl fuuiidatiou >>f Etou College, 
witliaiutiLry «ruOJ. iiyi^T. I'oT hi« wrvioM 
at Eton Ii« nnil liix hrothrr, TItomu K«yi>, 
rMM'ivml It |rrBnIo(onn*niidpoti!nt of nobility 
jroin tlic kinic cm lU May Il40, and h» was 
rdUati-d Iu iliL- an-lidcacunry of Banutaple, 
"ia Jan. I44U-M, Kptm acl«d as urecvDIor 
of Exet«r OtlMdral in 1407 and 1469. and 
apparaitly bold ibo I>ocl till h\f death. In 
1 MO h* nuida a pnnent of booki to Kxirlet 
CoVitffu, Oxford. Kejea dii-d on 11 Nov. 
U77, niid WM buried M Gxi^ipr. 

[DIct.of Architattwn; liaira**! Wocthi«s of 
All 8anU; lUiitlov'* Kiotnila HntutiMi An* 
thunT a Wood's Biot. of Osfoid; Witln a&d 
Clart'a Arehittcinnil Hial. of CambriiJcci hf 
Karri Fniti E<s;l Ati|{l. i. *ft7. *1I.) i~ C. 

naint^ir, bom at Fnnkf«rt-uD-lb('-Maiii« uii 
liSept. iHSS.sbowi-'t atancarlTKf.'«ai««« 
for dninng animalx. and Uh-hiiio n |>iip«l «f 
E«MI>* Vwbofdh'rron at ItniMwU. In May 
I8IS h» oamu to Losdon tot tlii? piiqniv u( 
aitidTing uuler Sir Edwin LondeMr [4. v.] 
L«ii<1—»r Mcmvtd Kevl as •jpopil, ■ncl b»- 
OWMHitMbaitacliodtoliuu. "nirou^ L«)id- 
MOT K«yl wu inlKKfaieed to the notwa of ibc 
«|U<«a and Ibo priiuw eooMtt. and obtainL>d 
maiiv ci>niniii«iaiu frooi tbo royal funtly. 
K^yi waji a frmiiMit oxbibitor at th» Rojal 
Acadnmy and Briliib InBtiiuiiDn.thoufhba 
wa* naturally avi-nu to exliibitiiuUtirotlia. 
Uedird ia Loauloa on ti Dm. I8i9, and wm 
buriwl in KmmI OrSMi canMsn. Tbrri! 
arp thrii> plmulDiI drawinsa by Keyl ia ibu 
print r»oin ai the UriliF'b Mumiini. 

[It«lgrav*'* l>Kl. o( AniMM; Gram's Did. of 
Aitials. ITM-ISM; flrnn'a Diet, of raiDiera, 
•<LOi«<m: XsaarthsBsicn.] L. C. 

KETHI8, LAW IU;NCE(4f. Idle)), naval 
COJanuMd*? . [Sen KEKtS.] 



ltt.W), JMUit, MD aS Kdwiird Kiiynef of 
Comptooi Paunonfoot aad lii* wifo, \aa Brati, 
botli of old itoman catholic fuBiliM maideiil 
in Soniersei, waa bom in 1 ISSIX aBdentcrod lus 
nuvilUli-asa jniiit al Itoiiiv3Jas.]649. Ho 
studitHl at St .UinvT, and, having btwn ordainnl 

En«u, sailed for ibeCbitwiBiMion in Uaom- 
er W-i. but di«d at tbo Pbtlippia* Island* 
in llVid. Ho publiiJinl n tmnnLaitou nf th* 
' Kamnn UartyrolofTf >' of wbicli a tt-coai and 
much nibiwcd odit^oo wan printed at 8(> 
Omw in l«67. 

[Kolf j'» Rrronls. iv. irnd vi. .171 : Oliver'* C'<4- 
Icvliou, p. 114; ViiiUliua of SomNMI (UuL 
Soc). voL il.) T. 8. 

KETNE8, JOHN {162SMa97), jrtBll, 
bom ntOorapDon ItauneefiMt.Soiiwniei.abMil 
1615. naa prababty brotborof Oeoti^ Hoyiwa 
[([.v.] After studyini; buiuaniitP* in ibo 
colleffe of lh« Eagiinb jMuits at St. OoHir, 
bo rvuMn-ed to t\iif coUm of St. Alban at 
VatladoUd, and entortd tho Sociotv of Jam 
on 30 July IfttA. Suborauonily bB tai 
philosophy at CompoMiells, and thno 
for oinr y>v* ■< V'alladoUd. Salawanra. 
I*anipclun*. Ho vraa made preCNt of 
liiriicr Ftudifa at lijigis, aad obtained p**^ 
mtaswn to devote binsMlf to tli« tsai* of eh* 
Englisli aoldior^ in tbe Low Cbunlriw whil* 
ilio pJaguo waa rafirti^ among Ihani. In 
this sorrier bo catubt lh« infi>etian, aad 
for the recovery of Ei« h»alih wru Mrnt to 
Enrinnd. JIewa»profMicdof ibofourviivra 
on 13 Aug. IGdS. At tbe liae of tbv pm- 
londod popi^ plot be was suporior of^ hi* 
brrtbrvQ in the *ool]c)^ of St. lirnstiuA' nr 
l.<)iidon di«trir1, and altbotogb tW unrrm' 
! tueni dili^Mitl^ asarchoil fnr him, be *n^ 
orrdod in oMapiiif to tbo cootioent in Mnrcli 
' lti~8-jt. IIi» MCBn is in the iMt of Um in- 
Mentioaed Kcynee. Is IdVti be iras Bp> 
pointfd neior of tbo rallm at L<*te*j and 
thnw yran Int<T proviBciaTof tbe Enfflisb 

Emvincp, in *noo«siontoJobB Wamrr Uir 
eld tint latUit odioc for hx joars. bl^int{ suo- 
ceed«d in 1068 by WiUian Mt'ivan. I>r. 
Olinv Ktatm (bat be govntfWMl ihe urovinrr 
' wilh linKiilnr ability, [«udoiM>o, and rnnlit.' 
TbewUblitlinii-nl of tfai- JMuit colleen at tlio 
Savoy Hospi tat in theSiramlin l6^,aiHlof 
tUr inMll^T c<>llr^ near tfaf miidMioe of tbe 
Bavarun aabauador ia tlip cilv of Laadun, 
was rfli-ctcd by KoynM, who afso witDMaed 
tbo dtotruction of th- two m11m;m at tlM 
outbnaliaf llwivvoluiioD in IGsS. KovBM 
then witbdrawio th« oontinrnt, aad dird at 
Walton, ooar St. Oioiit, on lo Slav 1697, in 
Im wvan^-tbird year. 




n* conipo«<d ' A lUiionnl Coiai)endioii« I 
■W»y to Convinoe, wilbout aar dwpule, nil 
IVnotu wlutnTcr dUtcntiiifr itnta tlu> true 
KoUpon, hj J. KV nnr toco, |ij'4, l:Jmo. 
Thia woric wu tnuulated inlo Lailn Ifv iliv 
•uUior, Liige, 168J, &iid iiili> l->tnch by 
OoDitwu, uoiwr lli» litlp r>f * La Guidi' d>-» 
Ctayvn*.' St. nwr, 1«8K, Hii'o. It wm aii- 
•wanti by l>r. (iUbnt Itiimet, efterwnrd* 
bidiofi of SalwUity, ia ' K Italuinnl Alothnd 
for pcnvinic tbe TVutb of tlin < ItiUlinn IMi- 
giaa.' London, IB7o, Bvo. K<7ii«t> wua ilie 
pniiciral aullior of'Fluriu Anuln-iliivnricvs 
SeretuMimo rriacipi MuxiiDiliunu Emmn- 
BTali IHici DavnriiF, &<:. la Mnriii.' ATit«tiia> 
LoopoUi Cmmn* Bliir,ftiin|>ic<it-> Niiiuiunim 
fndvra CMtjiincti* m>crl]iliiA,' 1.ii>);i'. ItiSA, 
4IO, Dp. 307^ Tbff first pnK of thin rniwwork 
eOBtiitW an account of tbcfomiilnlimi of the 
SoglUU Jesuit collc^ nt Lii'ttE. witli n brurf 
Ua(«rr of thai inttrtutioii, atxt tin- iwuond 
pftH sii^M ■ vitriou.* Iiitlory ofOulva'tplol, 
Willi lit><^7«iibi>« if lli>> lijiglitli JMuiU who 
treiw oUc^ lo bp impUcuioi! in il. 

Sou I b«c] 1 ortDtimwiily «l Iri hiitcB to K^ync* 
the ttiil)»onbin of two pomphlirrti «liiicKmg 
StiUingflcet, datct) 1671 nii<l ltiT'1 m[wc- 
tiTcly. Both wL-rvby th«jviuil JuhnWurnM'. 

[I^ Biulur'* Slbl.'do In ('.Biifoxiiin .!< Jhun; 
Z>Md'» Cliaith Hilt, iii, ilb. l''</lv}-'ii Itwordi, 
T. 3M. Tli. 4l«; Olic«r« Josuil Oollcrlioo*. 
f. lid; 9(iathii*ir« Ilibl. ^^^ipI''Jr<ml 8tK. Jwu. 
t>. US.] T. C. 


aBTTtviiiK daugbtvT of Ilcnrv (S rvy, t bird nwr- 

lui of Oonei [ci. v.], bv liis wifr l-'mncv*, 

bl«r of CbariM HrBii'luD, dtiUe of Suf- 

WM bora « nniil^Hio ilnl], Lvionter- 

i.jiroboblyin I.^-IO. lIi-riUiHrl.ddy Jane 

[trc IlL-DUT, JA.tu'l iind fiiihT vnro bMaaded 
ut ttH>4. ftiid brr raotlirr died in Xovanbar 
IfiGO. It would MOD lb«t Queen EUiiboth 
KNMi after h«r aooeuimi U>ak tlie two nmkin* 
ii>^ dau^fat^Tfi, Mary nnd )ict uldcr tuitor, 
CaibcniMt, wb» wviw lUt< Inii rti<rMi*iiluti<«i 
of tbo Hrandon lio« if lb-.' Tiid>.<T buiisi^, 
|i u maid* of faooour into hrr roun, llint g]it> 
'' micbt IfotTp cloM watch over Tlti>ir nialri- 
nonial plaiu. Gmt was the diMuny ot all 

^HkttnrB tbat l^v Mary (Irvy Iiud .-u'cri-tly 

BHaarrinil Tliouuia k«<ys, tin- qntt'ii'B surji-ont- 

noriw (IxtliT of cWil in Wriofit, Queen 

£laaifti,i.tXf!). Thr innil«r ira^ liidioroiu, 

|< bnoatue Mary Citi>y wtm nlmott a dwarf, aiid 

Key*, wbu lud bunn choum fm bii iMet! for 

his lizo, waa of buit? proportiont. Fiirtti(>r, 

thanwaa tlie di^paritv of ngir oml itation. 

I waa ■ Dative of k^iil, pruliutity n-lalnd 

i«hard Kvy» of Folhiri^toiw, wlx^ rFCi-ivnl 

ilaniy VllI agnnt of the nonaattnyof 


DIUl of 

St. Hh«d<(puid in that town. U« bad been 
t wpDty-two yean at court , and tru a vridoirer 
wiib aeivml children. EUiabcth showed bar 
augtr liycammiltiag Kuvs lo the Float, and 
finding' UidyMiu}- to llie oare of William 
IlHKtn>TatCbe>]u«»,l)uoUnghnnuhln!. In 
.\ii^i^t lA(S7*iie was tranafermd to the charge 
of tlin Ihiwii^er I>iic1)iim> of SufTolk, and in 
Jiini' ISlSd In Rir Tliomn* Cin-^hsm. &ltan- 
wliilti llic lunkliiu Knya wu |>Mler«d by a 
luWHuit w)ii[:li be bad on bundattho tinwof 
bis QDmmilial, and pl«Bd«d vainly for rcluaiac. 
Tlie qtiMiioD of the legality of I'bc luorrioKe 
w*« rufenvd to Orinilal, bisliup of lioudoo, 
who rw]KirtJ<d to CpcII tliol il was impoMible 
to nconpl n miunciation of tliu tnama^ ; if 
iu viitidity will qiimlioned, hv atari jud^ 
nccordinc (■> tbc cvidcnct?. Klixnliclb >ocin!i 
to bavO'tlioupbt il boat tijIiwpibiTidpiilsin 
CiiBlodr. Kpyi woj lib('ruli.-J frum prisuD in 
lt>(\ii, but v.aa urdi^rvd tu livu at Lcwistiamf 
in May IfiiO b« wad ut Sntidgnto Caelle, 
whence be imploied Arflibixbnji I'ftrhvr to 
intene^ on lus behalf. On »* ^^1pI. 1IS71 bo 
ilii'd, nod Qrejbun bed to writr to Cecil for 
pcrmiiaion for hi* widow to wi-or mnununft. 
bbe grii'fud oror btr liusboiid'* dcnlb, es- 
lirvMed liCT doiMiuiniition to kci-p und brine 
np bis cbililrvu, aud fruui tbul time furward 
sipied herself Mury Kvye, As she woa Ilwii 
harmltw to tliu niiwri, eb"" wen allowed lo 
leave UTwliam's custody in ISi.t. end died 
in a liltl<> boiitie in Loiidim lui iO .\pri! in7^ 
Khi> wns buried in lli« cliuri^li of St. Ilototph 
Without, llcrwill i* tivim in Strvpc'* ■ An- 
nals" II. ii. lilO-ll. 

[Bargoa'fLiroaf SirTbomiuGrcabaia. ii.3SG 
41S: Cal. otSuiU ?i>ixii>, Duni. Flicilxth.l 

M. C, 

KEYS. SAMrEL {1771-1[».WJ. china- 
puiiiti^r. hira in 1771. w'bb onv of tbi< prJU- 
oipal gilders and cliiiia-puinti^rs in llie old 
Derbvcbine factory iiiidi'rWillinDiDuMbiirv 
the nlder [q. t.], lo whom Key* wns nrticlco. 
1I« wo* an (OCMllfnl workman, nnd much of 
(hi' micccHof llinehIna,wpedaUy tbefifturv* 
in the Dresdon iivie, wa« owina to hi* skill 
in decoration. Kry* t|uilt«d Di-rby nome 
years before the cfose of the factory, end 
went lo work iindi^r Mititou at 8l(ike-iipon- 
Tivnt, II'- reliirnwl lalt'r to IX'rby, where 
he dii-d in ISW», in bis i.'if!liti.>tli ycjir. Ken 

1iw*prT«l hi* delicBcy if exccininn to tlie 
Ml. Ill) eollt>cti>d mutorinl* for the hiatory 
of tbp |)erby china factory, which form tb« 
foundation »f sulMLfjuent accounts. 

Keys led three Honn.aU apprenliovl at the 
Derby feclori-. Jf.lm Key9(l7»7-1MA) be- 
catneaakilled flowec-jiainier in water-colour, 
and t««<ch»r of that art. Edward Kity* left 
Derby, and cubsequemlly went to work for 




UMtm. Minton, Dnnidl, nod othen in tha 
Pottarie*. Sninuc-I Ki-ygtheTouiiRi-Ti-ici'lKti 
in modelling small ligun-K; hv tI^il ])t>rby in 
1630, and wi^nt In lliy PotU'ritw, wlier^ ho 
Ciirriud ou b bhibII inHnufiiclorjf of hU own, 
bc>Bidea working for the leading miinufac- 

I.UNirt tllOK. 

[Rul«m>OldPr>rli;CbinaFiwtoi7.] L.C. 

KEYSE. THOMAS (1722-1800), mili- 
S|Mi, born in l7-'2, and a wlf-taufrlit nrlial, 
van ampmbOT i>flh«I'*roo Society nfArtUts, 
■nd sxhibutod ivith thorn tn>m 1761 ta 1T4M. 
He punted nhilful imilnt.iona cit' still \ltt, 
flowurn or fruit. From ir65 to 1"(W ho was 
an owosional vxliibilor at tile Sotiety of 
Artista, und tvici* Hunt piutuiv« to llie Itayal 
Academy. In ITSt* hv ubiBiueil n proniian 
from llie Sociuly of Aon for n new mnthnd 
of sotting crayon ilnin-ing*. About i77l) 
Ke^M opened u toB-gurdcn in tlermonditcy, 
irtvie ■ ctialybonlu spring liud b^i-ii found, 
irhicli WB» known u» tin? Hrrmondspv fSpn.. 
Ueiv, among other altmi'liuns. Kl-vw h'^pta 
ii^nnaiienl exhibition of his •jwiiiimwin^'x. 
Obtftlning a muiiic lioi-ii^--, bi^ mH'l>> ilip vnr- 
denaahind of Vaui1iall,open inlbcp-vi'iiins 
during tlie «uoun«T ni<iiit!i», nnd proTided 
flraworkt, including n (•■t-nior'n of the »i''^of 
(}iln«ltAr,c(>niitrucl<.Hl aiid ilceigned iij Keyse 
himnelf. Keys? difd nt bis ^irdena S Feb. 
10OO;inliiaMT«ity-nint.hT<'ar. Thegardcns 
nnaiiwd open for aliout tiv>t yean longcr.aud 
their nuatoij 'i» pr«>on-cd by the i^pn Road, 
BormoaJdMy. A portrait of Keyte, pain1(r<l 
bj S. Ihummond, .A.R.A., was engraved. 

(Rtdgntn'* Diet, of Artiol*; 0<ar. ii*s- 
ISOO, pt. L 2M ; LyMniV l^nriroa* of London. 
i.fiSSiQtlakigDuofthc FneSodctrotf Artiwv 
ie. 1 Wbrntlay and Cunni^bani'* London PhK 
aad I>Tmn(.] L. C. 

KETSER, WILLIAM Db (1017-1009.*), 
painter. [See I'l: KctnKK.] 

KEYWORTH. THOMAS i irti3-l832), 
diviike and hebniist. Mm of ThoaiBB Key- 
worih,n iMoksallM.of Noilin(;haiB,irubarii 
in tlut town in 178^ Ootng to London aa : 
n y<HU9 man, be iim coonrtnl fmni uni- 
uriastMa ^*^ pnaehing of Ur. Dra^, i 
and entimdCliealiunt Colli^^^ to prfparr bito- i 
eelf for tbe ocnifrqnilionBl miuislry. Called ' 
inibefirtt inBUneeioSleafatdtLiiMoliiayre, j 
be was afttnrarda miniMer mieeeMivelf at 
Roseoni, Wantage, FBtM«liaitt,and Notliac- 
kkflk Heaboonsnedforthot Mtiodttne 
puIwU cf MfonI Loniloti cliapeb. Fran 
18£l to Ueeamber I8fil bo waa in etumv of 
■ noftvgaiioBat AMon Ttnold in Berlufui*. j 

Ho ntircd at the close of I8S1, and died at 
I Cheltenham on 7 Nov. 18G2. 
I Kcyworth waa dittingnidied fur modeatr 
: and ■implleity of character, lie waa an 
acting adromlo of a aolionie for nrden allot- 
menla to the poor, and while in j»iiidaB waa 
on able promoter of mutnonary vmlc. In 
addition to hia hebnicftl )ini>wledf:e, bo wm 
no mrnin actiolar in geneml literal urr. Uis 
ehief work» are : f. ' Principia Uebraica,' 
London, 1SI7, 8vo (written in coinnnclion 
with Durid Jniia*). S. * A Daily ExpoailOT 
of tbe New Tcitamnnl," I^ndoii, IftSS, 8>'o. 
3. * AI'r«clicol Kxpoititionof thti lipvnlalioa 
of St. Johu/ lei-JH, Hvo. -I. 'A Tocb-r K\- 
poiiloruf the New Teatament/ 1831, ISoiai 
^ndodit. im.',. 

[CongnfrntionBl Vear-Book, lUS, p. 313: 
IJTBrpool Cuotrgipitlaaal Mne Aiirif tint, 

SI. G6i Eclerlic K«Ti«w. November IHIS; Brit, 
iliii. Cm. : information from the Rev. Thomo* 
Keywonb.) T. S. 

(iKOUtiK ii:iHI-IR.t5|, miuical lompos^r, 
bnm lit King;'* Lynn in 1781. wnii the »i>n 
of Jiihn Kinllmnrlt, nn ofHixr in the .Swedisb 
navy, and of Murfpin^t (nt MiuytniU, as it is 
written in tbe jiBrlib reffiMcr) M.-inri't. a 
Yorkshire lieirvsi, wbo lived at Ualcoflelii 
and ira« a di'^criidant ut Sir Juaepli BankiL 
Hi* pnr«nl<i' niarriat^ took place in St. Ni- 
cholas's Chnpfl. Linn, 4 Oct. 177S. Shortly 
after (lenT^ » birlli his father, who bad run 
through his pmp««y, diaappeared and soon 
died. Thereupon faia widow married 
bntler, a man named Poillr, and Georgia ^ 
adopted by his mother'* EBinily. He li^_ 
his education under tbe cnrv of a Dr. and ' 
Mr*. Gardiner (n/r )I«ggitt ) ; but be «how«d 
nt an early ace a strong taate for muuc,and 
lie n*a$ placed under a German proifeeBOr fbr 
ixirposos of niiuieal ittalrudiou flram 1790 to 
1798. For Botne time after I7B6 KialLmarh 
luaiiitainoJ himself by leaching ibe violin 
and piano, and when he had acrumalated 
siilKcient fundi, took futtber luMon* from 
llRrlhrli'mon, Colifaan, and Spa^aolctti in 
from l^rr in coenpoctim. H'? held many 
itnportant post*, wa* a motaber of all tbe 

[irinri pal concert and tlwal re orcboima, ftnid 
i-ader of tbe iniuto at Sadler** Weill. In 
Ir^O-ihr married Mar^'CanDicliM'l.acotlHiaof 
the CoiinloM of liotlies and settled inldii; 
ton, London. Her* lie derMed bin 
l«MUnft tbe barp. cMlia. and piano, and i_^ 
Bn|inr«d a large and lucrative connv<iien. 
tie TMif^nd bi» public eiwaMmenis, and d«> 
voted hnntt'lf esiirelT to hii pupils and i» 
CompoiitKin.rDienn^ into arraniteaiKnle wiili 
Chappetl and It^Almaise to supply ibeoi 






uiBuUv with • fix<<l number at cyimposi- 
tioB«. ilf dtnl in Msrcli 183o, Ivaving a 

Hiicliii^i woriu wsk: I. IntroJnclion and 
t ariatioo* to ' ^V'* Wife.' 3, Iniroduclion 
to* Lu>l KfM^of SumBier.* 1). Varutioninn 
' Hone, *«e«t llomn.' i. ' Lr* llfarn di- 
rrin(«iB»,' in *ix buiikii. Alua a numlicr of 
•uogi, of witicb the only one ihal lurrivra in 
' Hkidof Atbon).* Manjof liiicoinpoaiiiciu 
«N tliU «tuit in inviaMTipt. 

Hit aUfM MB-GBoBieB FuEtismcs Kui.i^ 
jllfiK(IMM-l867),muftician,bom at Camden 
Strvvc. Islii^ton, 7 Not. 18M,wm edncnli>d 
«t Ma^li^. Ha began kia miuical career nt 
ibBBgoof fiKini<(4i,wMi>tinfihU t'ntlicrin thu 
WMfk of muaica] t uit inn : aftrrwnriln hi- nt udinl 
nadar Logiar and tauKlit liis Byttmn. At itix- 
twan ha went to Kou«n and tlMai-u ta I^ria 
to place hinivlf lucccwiviil)' uiid<» Zimmor- 
maun and Kalkbrtinui-r. Returning to Enf- 
Jsnd in Id20 be became inlimatn with Cle< 
neaii, by irlioae advini he ffiighl further 
inatRicliixi from Mni«brl*i>. In 18^ Ik- 
married (be etdvnt daughter of llr Itrysni of 
tba Edpran lload, ami ga-Tr liii fint public 
coBceit at ika King'i Tln.-utrt' in t83Si 

Vfhro in Paris. KiaUmark furmed a graal 
•nd bIjI« he moa)il«l hi* own. HiftplayinK 
was reniurhable for dalicacy of loiicli, and 
he waa a suprrh player of CbopinV workt. 
Ob heBrini* Eialliaarlc piny, Mi^ndrlu-ilm 

'l:'A6iM aketdi of whnl pinno-j.Uvlng 

outd bi>. and irhat hcnill one duy make 
fiic^ka, in Uii 'l.ifu »f CIiovid' <pv. 
-I), vrritof : ' Kiallmnrk U Haiti to have 
a thnrwiiib apprrciatioii and iiiiiler- 
atandinfc uf Cbupiii a graiut ; ' and he look 
oppcial delight in playing Cliopin'a ' Noe* 

la liMS Kiallmark npfiiwl nn iicnitcmy fur 
the aludv of ihv niano at his rvaidi-ncc, 
21) Vt^trj Strool. lluriDR hin lung life he 
waa aawciai^ irith evvry givat pianiat from 
CtaoMmti to lEiiliinitcit]. and at the ap* of 
•eTcntj-eifflit Ik- sttidird The»onBTa«of tia(l<? 
■ndlluliiiutnii. Atvighiy b^waa t^lill daily 
practising Cleni'mli'* ' (irndii*.' Ho dind on 
13 I>rc. liS^r, Imping only a work before 
^Bjed a Tlialln-rg iniiKt^ption with much 
of hi* old flnand brillianry. lie was a lino 
extvmpora player, but hia com iii>Bit ions hute 
Di aurrivHl. 

Of ihfT Kiallmarks, biherani] aon, there 
■i«t aoTFrol purtiait^. Of th>- father, one by 
T. &Ssi]iMM]. Ifi'iO, half-l.^i>glh, life hkv. Of 
be aon ; ocm- l>y J. Sinter, in * Miuical K«c^ 
' 1034 : another by II. ('. tfcloms 1836. 
■nartor Uoigth, life aiic ; and a Ihira 
by J. P. Knight, It.A., IfM, three- qua rlvr 

length, life diie. Thcrv is aUo a htist of the 
younger Kiallmark by Edward H. Boily 
I (|. T.J, 1945, companion toa bast of Thalberg 
n^iberamescnlpior. These are in the ifosMia- 
aioR of tlin dofctndnnt* nf Kiallmark. 

fGeorgiaD En. ir. Ail}; Gouldius'i and Chap- 
pvll'i Calalaaiui; Mb*. Tlmea, Jmiuary IRS8; 
Dram, and Hua. Rar. 17 Dei.-. lSt2; Niraks'a 
L'bopin, 1S8S. pp^ 280-1 nulcfl ; Uos. Knpnike, 
1834; pariah rag.; priTat* *aareoa.]lt. □. L. 

KIARAN, Saint |o1(UM9), of Oon- 

muc[iolr<-. [Set C'MaiK.I 

ll'*2B-I*-i),joumalij[|, was bora in l8Jiiat 
Miillinabone, CO. Tiiip«nry,wlien<hiB fntlicr 
WDi n proaiHTroua BhopkeopeT. Hn wn« in- 
tended for the medicnl nroa-Mion. but n giin- 
I>»wdera(.'<.''idi>nl.wlien Ile'H'llsr1^<umlnRf^om 
abuot ing, do iiyurvd but eight oiid hearing thai 
this career became impoMible. lletoukuarl 
in the ' Voting Trtilnnd moT«m«nt,' and in 
ItUS buueil bimii'lf with the pRmraiion of 
piknint MiiUinnbonefartlieuaeof tbefoircM 
(if Smith U'lliit-n. 

Hi- became a, Fcnion about 1860, and in 
18U>>JiimniS<ephena, the Fenian hoad-«enti«, 
ai)p'>in<ed him, T.C.Lubv, and John U'Leary 

lue aiipri'me cXeCUlite of his Irish republic, 

and eiiiior> of the ' Iri»h People ' newapaper. 
Kickham and hia aaaooiaiea wen not, boiv- 
erer, fitted by nature for the bualneaa of re- 
volution. Their newspaper wo» su^ireaaed ; 
the Miprome execiiiivewa* taken into cna- 
lodv, and the riting mi»i'riibly fniW (cfW. 
O'liniex, ri'Arn tcr iterr tloyt). Kickhom 
woaarreitcd at KairGcId House. Sandymounl, 
Dublin, on 1 1 Nov. It^iVr, was tried for lieaaon 
felony, and waa aenloneed to fourteen years' 
praaJaerviltide. 'lliafHendaoMv^ed that he 
waa gro^Ir malireoicid in prison, and J. F. 
MngHire, M.P. for Cork city, colled the al- 
lontion of pnrlinraent to the nubjcrt in 1807 
( Time; B. '.>. 1 1. and ij: May 18071. After 
serving four vrnn in Woking and in I'ort- 
laiid vonvicl priioiu. he wa* let at liberty. 
Whfu the elect ion of O'Doiiovnii Itnwin forco. 
Tipperaiy in 1669 wbh declared void. Kick- 
ham wai hronsht forwanl aj# ilie natmniilist 
candidate, lie waa returned, but u|x>ii n 
scrutiny hn wa* defeated by Mr. Heron, (j.r*., 
byfourvoiesi, 26 Feb. 1870. Helbencp'forth 
confined bimiwlf to liierarv work. .\l)out 
1878 a ' Kickliam Tribute ' waa collected for 
hia benefit. He died at Ulnckrock, near 
Dublin, on 21 Aug. 1862. 

Kickliam waa t lie author of asTOTal poerai 
aiHl atoriea donling with Iriah aabjecta an'L 
toaiwa from a nutioiinlii-t ]K>inI of vi«iw. Tlioe 
wem colWlcd in ' Tonma, Skelchea, and 
Narmtivea illustrntit-c of Iriah Life,' 1670, 



Sir CW|pa (inrnn DulTy pub liim 'next 
aft«r (.'nrlelon, (iriUiii. iiuJ llnaim," anil far 
botbri! l*vw 110(1 Lady Morgiiu as a p«iiilur 
of nuiiuiiol mnunidrs. Hu ulsu iitibiisli*"! 
' Sally Cavanu).'!), or tlie Uiitytiatili-ii tirnvw,' 
a uovbI, 18<)0 (written in ^ri«tm) ; ' Knock* 
a^w, or tli^ IlotiiM of Tipwrnrj," a novel, 
187»; tinii 'Fcr llui fJld Lnnd, iv Tiilu uf 
Tw*nij- y.dre Ago,' 1**8IS, Hi* ptirtniil U 
lircflxiid to 'Snllj- Cavanngh.' 

[TimPB. at Aug. ISS'i^ClmrlmOaifBO Duffy'« 
i'oupn Ir«lnrid; Inlroductioii In Jun» OufTyV 
(diti<>ii c>f Krii>di;i(j<.<w, Dublin. IS79 ! Jnrtln H. 
MoCorChj'* Ireland linccthe [Inioo.] J. A.H. 

KIDBROOKE, I/jrii HERVEY op (rf. 
1C42|. [See I! !;k* KV, Willuw.] 

KIDD, JAMES (176I-1H31). iwesbv- 
t^riuu di\int, burn on 6 Nov. 170), was tli0 
joun^t son of pour pi>i&liyii'rinii paronU 
TMidtng iii>nr Loii^hbrickltiiKl, en, I)own. 
Hii: father (lying snon iilVr Iiik birth, the 
fainilj niaiovi'd to Brouglialiiicc, ™. .\ntrim. 
Afriundly rortn-.-retiit hiinlonauDdi-lninieul 
•chuol, and bEfuri> loiif; tiinblud him to uputi 
a tchool of hi« own at El^iuy. u nui^'hbuui^ 
jng fann-t«wti. Tht? e<:houl wm ?tic(.*t»sful, . 
hilt Kidd found iQeuii4 lo go to lU'irtunt to ; 
uludy Engliiili. ll« ntixt 4>it up (l bcUooI at 
Kildowiiio, iwmty milni tVini llnlfiul. llo 
Stiiynd thnu' nltoTil four jwiii'*, and nmrried 
Jnno,sPConddnii|ilitcriif Uobiirt lioyd.furmr'r, 
of Cnrnb-ii, ni'iir IbiUyinr^nn. Kidd mid hj* 
wife cniigmtt^d lo .\mirrlrji in April 17(U ; 
be *oi'n jiiinrd Liitlr, n fi'lKuv-tountryman, 
in 11 si'UojI nt I'hilitdnlphiu. mid nwit bt- 

vuuii.- ii!<1it'r l.o l'ti]iis)lviitiiu CiiltvfRi, wlun 
hif iil«o :'tiidLfd uLid currL'L'Ii~d foi' tW prau. 
"riip sitdii of iliti Hvliri-'w cU»ruc<'.T wt him 
upon lonrning tlin liirigniigt- ; lin lioiiglit IL 
Hobruw bible, iind with liinhrlii of ii Portii- 
(TUeiiu Jtiw.oiidby dint of iiitfodiiig IW Jnw- 
isk dynu^^uu in I'liitndvlpbiii. uL'ijnitvd xumu 
flueticy >ti the LmfpniKi.'. Orii-ntul tutigucd 
Wnrni' tbenceforwani Lia fuvouriti.' study: 
|[« rtitiimod toEdinburgli, bcoaoieH Hliidont 
nt ibi! univor^iiy, r«td chvaiietiT and aiin- 
lomy, and joinc^^ tjio theol«^c*l el»««s of 
the university, supporting himsplf by forni- 
iiifl I'ltni-colli'diaie dii»».)« in tlio uriimlnl 
laiijtnugt^n. In tba autumn of I'lili he wiis 
aiipuint^d proCsasoi of oriuntul liiuiiuuKi-'a in 
Nari-cLal College, Abtrdwn. IIi- ilieivi-om- 
|il«tvd his ikeologica] ooutmh, obtained for- 
mnl lic(<nH> as a preacher froiii tli^ prwbytery 
of jVlitrrdpon on 3 Feb. ITJHi, nnd wm sp- 
pointi^d fivcnjng loctuivr in IVinily Chnpel 
in tbi< Sliiprovr. 1)n IS Junn ItiOl ligbitcamo 
ininiHlerofQUconistonCliapid of Kaxi-iin thn 
immediate suburba of Abenli-on, wlicro bo 

prniieh«id for nbovn a qunrtcr of a ooBtnry to 
oboofthe most nuioorou* eaa([i«^ttona in 
B(»tlttnd. His popukriiy BB a pivaclicrooa- 
liuueil undimiaisbi^ tu tbi- eai. Uv wu at 
pains to »ecut« variety and fnvhiiaia in lu» 
preaching', constantly tuokiu^ mil for new 
niiietrationfi, and keeping up bis stitdeni'i 
bnbit of rii>inK at tbiwe ocbclc every nora- 
iag. In OctoUir 1618 tha Col1«gn of N«w 
JuneyconfitrTT'danhiEn titplionoroTTdcgTwaf 
D.|i.\Hi;w Scott, J-'atii Jieti. **/. vol. iiL 
pt.ii. pi). -lUU-iK)), 

Ki<ld a powerful prencbiug; and vigorous 
character oi'ercanie violent oppottlion, aad 
uliinint'dy gained for liim tn dxtrkonliDaiy 

Eoimlnrity. It hncann' an arlicli' fS popular 
I'licf ilint no om- who vwt Tt»'Mrd ' thf 
Doctor' had protnercd. Sloricaof bitcoura^pif 
iKDi'Volnioo, ana uccentridtv on numeraiM. 
On the oeoMuion of Gtorge IV liepntyMl in 
public that he ' might be ■ better utng tbu 
ua Lad been a prince ngenl,' and whea ilie 
local aatlioritiea complained, aftkid, 'And 
whore'* thr man ibatcnn'timpvoTG^' Kidd 
not only Ivctiirnd on rnct^ination frcm llio 
pulpti, but miplorcd u mi'dioiil man to vneci- 
iiuti- bis coiivertH,and lionlly foTCi.-d hundrcda 
into liis own house and vnociuaivd thnn 
hiui«i?tf. lie is taidiobave^venaBiiuiulti& 
lo the Mudyof Hebrew in ibeuortli of Scot- 
land, bill viM Dot a very profound lic^raidt. 
Ki.ld died on S4 Dec. iSfM. Ity hit wife, 
who dird on 4 June 18it9, be had two sooa 
nnd tliriw ihiiightcrx. lln irac a sirmiwina 
fupportrr of thi' Anti-patrnnagc Sotnclr, bikI 
euj,*prly odvocnted ilu- inipiilar cb-ction of 
niuiislers. IIis was uulburuf : l.'ACourco 
of 8t>riuoiis,' t^vo, Aherdi-eu, ItW. 2. 'An 
Etsay on ih>^ Doctrine of the Trinity: at- 
tempting to proTP it by n.<n«on and <£eiBO<l- 
fitratioii, foiindiM upon duration and *Mce: 
nnd upon some of the divine p>'rf<H!lionR ; 
■omi' of thi^ pDWiTs of tlic human nonl ; tho 
liinguugi- uf Buriptiire; and tradition among 
alluiLtiuuB,'t*vo, London, Aberdeen Cprinlcd), 
l^l.t. 8. ■ A Short TreutiHe on Iiilant Bap* 
tiMo,' Avo, Abe-rdeen. If^^^^boappentludto 
Polor l^dwania's ' Candid Reason! for Re- 
nouncing tho frinriplcB of .\nlip(edobapt ism,' 
^vo, AlH-rdocn, IK'iu). 4. 'A Ulnenation on 
Ibi' l-:ifrnnl Souship of Chri»t,' 8vo, .Vbcr- 
difcii. I8:."j|ui.-w udition,wilhitnintroducti(Mi, 
biu^'raphicul and tliwlogicul, by ]{. S. Ou»d- 
]L»b,8vo, London, Abetdepujprintwl), 1872). 
6. * .\ Calechit'iu for .VMiBtiiig tlii- Youdk 
preparing to Approncli the l^ird'a Table 
lor tho flrat liinn,' l8mo, Aberdeen, 1831. 
6. ' lUglili and l.ibnrtic* of tho Church vin- 
diciitccl nBttitui I'HtronHci-*,' 8vo, .\berdean, 
ISa-l. r. 'Strtnons and fiki'loton* of Sof» 
mous,' ISino, Aberdeen, leSG. 8. 'A Fara> 





w«U AddrCM (£<«oU«ctJciiu)/ t^o, Abot- 
dcm, tS35. a« «1»0 edtled Pwk> ■ Rights 
ud UbvrliMor ibeCbuich,' 1834, uid irtot« 
tka mmmI |nu1 of th« piwfaco to ' Memoir), 
DtM7, uid otlior Writing of Alumider 
Wood,' l2mo, Aberdeen, lelt«. 

[Prof. Dand Uura in Biannillan'* Miijt. is. 
I4^^1P, Cuadltili'abiae. isUoduct'onas ■(«¥«; 
MTticU IB AlMfdren Rvminii Oaullo, M MbkIi 
IBM; UnSxitt'a l-'M(i.T. 491.] G. (>. 

KIDD. JOIIX (l''6-IS6i>, phmdnn, 
bom in LuDilon 10 SrjiC. 177'i, wan nmi of 
JuUii Kidd, Cknlun of • merehniU vi-ncl, (lie 
Svrallow, vlucb convoj'od Lord Cnrnwalli* 
OQi U) India t» gonmor-suncral in t't^tS. 
Hi* uother wu ibe d&ugbter of Sftuuel 
Banlain, Tiemr of Etwnll. near Vtrhj ; she 
wm« Icfi n widow in ewly life willi ihrco 
•ocu to Lriu|[ up. JolmwMfinI M'lit to ihn 
•cbool ni Bur; Si. Edmnnd*. hut in 17^9 
obiUMd a king'* «clio]u»hi|int WnitminKlvr. 
TliMe hr MtrKtisJ tho *]iccinl ntnicf of iho 
Iu*d-iwu>t«r, Dr. William \'incfni [q. t.], 
kfti-rvrarib dtaa of WiuIminsIiT. vflio coii- 
tiniird his lifclmijt frii-ad. lip wus uk'clwl 
to avtudeniWiip uChrim tliiirrh, Oxford, iii 
1798. TIu exoeptbiul ahiliiv (>( Kidd und 
the MboolMlows olect«d wilfi him to ncho- 
Unbipa M Oxford >iul C^mbridjic Mcuri'd 
Ibr th* election tli« (i|iilbiil i>f ' )jc>ld<^n ' iu 
tlu uinolt or WcstniinMir :ji^hool (Wnif u, 
Qwwt'» ScMfliirt at Wrflmirultf, p. -1371. 
Kidd |tnvd"ni«l lt.A. in 1797.-M.A. ni ItOO, 
Sl.b.iu 1601, and M.lXin IMM. IK'«tuduil 
kt Out'h Il(u]iiul for fuur year*, 17VT to 
1801. und wu for a timr a pupil of Anile; 
Pwtoa (.'oopM [i|. V.}. vritli irliain hi> eon- 
tiniird am iulinMte \«Tm» for rliu mt of hi* 

Un loavin^ (>u;'* Kidd Urok up Ilia rMi- 
d«IK* in (Oxford, whun.- he was uniioinied 
chaniwl rradcr in l»01, and first Aldridiian 
piofeMiorofchcaiiMrj'iiilM)^. lIcmii^terT 
MUCMtfiil id hi* ckeuical i'xp«riin<>niii, nnd 
nubed iba profeuonJiip till l^^l^ wh><n hn 
PMvrnfd in favour nf l>r. ('hiirli->(iili-< Bridlu 
lyfq. v.- lionai nlmmtii- of llic pUj"* 
tfao [Udcliflo IntinoBn* from l«)H to 

___. Intone time hod a btK<^]>riv-,tli-|inii> 
^ebMAjunanginciiibcnof the tinivi^ritit}'. 
■ Mvcral j*mn before tlie endowiuvnt hy 
I piinoe iw'ntof tlie Gbnir«of minRrnlo^ 
and geology, Kidd d«liv«n<d public conrvn 
of leouimoniboii* Kcicon-fL. In lF>09bcpub- 
lilfaad ku ' thitlini'* of Miactnlogj' ' ( -2 vola. 
Bvo, Oxford), which were ruvivwcd by Dr. 
flininiMi Tbomaon <>)' Kdinbut);h in ihu '(Juar- 
lAiiv KuTiew' (vol iL) in an ariicld which 
Oifllord, the intitof, altertti iu Mme parta 
w being ' very 8pli-Be(ic and very m«*i«. 
Mid much loo wantonly to.' OiHoM add«d: 

*Kidd i«a aodut and uBfuming nun, and 
i» not to be attacked with tticlta and tfones 
like a 4avag« ' (Sn 1 Li:<, jlfrinotr ii^AAfi Jtfur- 
ray, L 1<T^}. will) the asfj&tance of aume of 
hi* friNiaa lio con«iilorsbly Iiwraasad ttie 
geolofcical collixliou in the AshmoWn Mu- 
KXDi, und abo thi* nnatomical nnd patlio- 
loKicil Bpi-cimcn* in th«i (Jhrint Ohiin^n Mu- 
•eum, wbvu ho WM oppoinicd Lk** nsadcr 
in auuluiuy iti i'SlD. in \><\1 ha wa« ad- 
isitlud a caudidalH of the London Collea« of 
Phnicians. in It>l8 h« wa8 elected a fellow, 
nnd in 183<) be deliT^red tbi» Ilarveiaii ora- 
tion. In \Hi2, on tli« d«oih of Sir Chri»- 
lopber IVggc, r<igiu« nrorcKMr of phyxic at 
Oxford, Lord LivonKwI, on tjie reconunuida- 
lion of Sir Aittoy Cooper {Li/f «f Sir AtHey 
C»oprr, ii. 300), appointed KlJd hiaeuoeeawr. 
In this offioe hu priiiL-ipal service to tli» 
medical profeauon was the active part h9 
look in ttMTfiniictinvnl of whal nupopiduly 
calli'd oftnr him, ' Dr. Kidd'i Kininmatinn 
Ktntutc' for the dc')(n.-irnf Al.It. llodid not 
lecture aa roif iiui prt>i««.jr, but trtnilnutd tJiL- 
prnctioe of lUB prt--dcci-iit<ir of (firinif coiimi'i 
of non-pn>fuMioiual leetUKii on uutttouy and 
pliyaiolnnr: occa«ioiuill,v. but not ul^eii, he 
iirocurediTnin Loudoiiaeubjectfof ditMctiou 
hy ()ii> tVir nifidical etudenls that wecw then 
nt (IxtonL 

Kidd wu i> do'plv roligiDUii man, nnd in 
lt>24 publitlicd ■ An latroduclnry l.wlun! to 
B Cnur*i! in CompnnliTe Anatomy, illualm* 
li»o of i'olcy'a ".Vntiirvl Tbcolonr."' H» 
undertook n aimilnr vrork on a lurj^'vr wule 
wlurn.on the n.<oouimendatiun of Archbishop 
William Howley [ij. v.j, he waa Mtl«ct«d to 
write one of Ike eiiiht ' Uridovwattr Tr««- 
tJRM' (aee svii. I.'il^), for vhii.^ li« T«oinnid 
a tliouaand pounds. It* title wan'On th» 
Adnptation of ExIcmnI Nntimr tu tlie Phy> 
ticnlCondiiiuQ of Mun: principully with r»> 
fntifnoe to the Supply of his n'uuU and th* 
Gxeiviae of hi» inidWi ual FaoultiM.* It 
wa« publiabed in L'-^.t, and waa one of iho 
ninui popular of tlie «i^ee, reaching a «ixih 
edition in lrU>^. It i* not an on^nnl or 
Ktriolly iwienlific Inrntiiic, ni hn himnclf nd- 
mill in faia preface; but the intention of Ihc 
tntutur 'reeuied tu Iiim tu riiiuirv u pLijiular 
rallitr than u HcivutiliL* i-'xposiliiin ul lucta.' 
In (lie ajipi!'ni)i\ he guve iin intt'restiiiii: c<^iii- 
pari«on ui pnrallel coluiiins nf »onio pointa 
of lb« toolosy of Ariatotle and Ciivi'-r. In 
IMM Kidd «-*• ntmiiintad karpornf the lUtd- 
cliffo Library. lie superintended the com- 
piUtiun of a cluwd cjitntofpit of the mi* < 
entiUo part of the oollectiou (Oxfbnl, Bvn^ 
IVSH), and he made the lihnuy aa eonvenient 
aa iNw^ible to the few readers who then made 
use of il. This office (for wliich he waa 

ndmirnblv Ruited.lxith by hii learning and lii« 
«Kivct mid filudioii» losle) lie rflBiiiwl till his 
dvotli,wh it'll look uliifw. aflrr a Tl-w liuiin' Di- 
nes.*, on 17 Supl. lf*61,at Uxfonl. IIh mar- 
ried MiM Sav«TV, <laiighl(^r of 1I10 clinplftin 
of 8(. TlioauM'e Hovpiciil, who sumvpdliiin, 
and by hi>r had four dniiiilitciv. 

Kidd wiM 'i;ifl''d wiih a n-ul wicntilic 
iniiirht.' nnd tonk n pwoiif"! P"" ""'h 
W, itiicklaiid. L'liilip liiirv Duutnn [i|. v.]. 
and ClmrlfH liilifi Bridie L)nubeiiv iti thv 
jirouiiiliuii of bcli-uOH at Uxfunj. His adnii- 
tiible botiavioiir duriiiK 'be two oiitbrvMik* of 
cliol«ra in Oxford in TwiO and IKIK, which 
i» tpiKMly cotiinioniornted in tkr- prinlcd 
M^CDUnti nf bolb thoai riutntiona, illuftrntes 
his pmclicnl bone vol ence. Tbi- muHli-rsbip 
of tnohoKiiitotnt Kwidme, neurOifcml.isun- 
iiexadtO tlu-'ollicL- uf ri^gi 11.4 prifi^iiis'iroriiivdi- 
cine. The renturutJon')f tbu bo^jilinl.und of 
audi pan of ibL- puriBb ebiircb tu^ IhiIhiirs lo it, 
wnt enrrind out during Kidd's mnHlPi'Bhip ; 
nnd he introducfid anmt wi>'.i re((ubiii'm$ lor 
tbo comfort and wcltBrn of iho bi'desintn. 

III? wrts u fi'llow of Ibe Itovol Soci'riv. and 
<ontribilled lo the ■ I'UiloKJpbipiil TraiiBat- 
tioiia ' ( \'^\'>) an ' Emov on tliL' SpiiiitHn>riiiH 
i'roduclioti of Snll-PHtre ;" nnd (IwaSl an 
«labonte paper on tlie • Anniomy "f ilic 
Mol*<rieknt.' Ho v/itu ominiinlly Alroitcbt- 
forwnnl, •omowhal hnily nnd hot-teinjwn-'d, 
nnd ftvnr«i) tf> nil nhow nnd pn>t(inco, so ibat 
b« i* ntiii lo linvn boon tbi> limt pbyaic^nn in 
OsfonI wbo luid iiiido the trndilional wig 
and luvi^ brim mod biil nnd Kold-lieiuled cane. 
Bc«iaeH the wiirknn!ri-udy inciil ioiivd Kidd 
vrote: 1.' AUeolu^ii'DllvHiiiiyuTi llu'Iiupurfecl 
Evidpnt'B in iiippirtnf aTlifurT,' itf (liorinrlb, 
doduuibli^ eil.liL-r from il* Gi'ni'ro! Slniclnri', 
or froni 111" I'bnn^e'' pMduct'dun iln Siirfare 
liy Ibf op-'ralion nf inialinK C'niucs,' i*Ta, 
Ojford. 181.1, 2. ■ An Annwnr lo n ClinrKe 
aguinst tile Kn^fliiih rniversiili's iu ihe Sup- 
pleiDeiit Iij tht'"' Edinburgh Encyolopii-dia, 
OTO, Onforil, l>*l>*. li. "ObflyrvaiionB on 
Mndicnl It.-fwm," fivo, Onfowl, 1641, with 
•FurtbiTObunrvntions,' IrUS. 

[Pivture of lh<> rimcnl StitUof Ihc CD!teE]»<>r 
PliyiicinDi ill London, IS IT. p. 43; Maak'i Call. 
•if Pliy», lii, 178; Oxford Chrtoid*. -in Sbj.u 
iSSI ; l.nocat, IHAl. iJ. 280; McdlcHl Timi'", 
IBftl. iii. ai&; DnubtiijF't Innngunil ("lionik-ni 
Jivnuri). I8SS. fip. T, H; Aclund'i. Oxford nnd 
Mmlero MwliciiH., 16«0, pp. 12. U. 17 ; O. V, 
Cox^i lUcolUctioiw of Oxford, py. 133. 431 ; 
Sftaiheon of the Agf, II. lOS ; priviilr informii* 
lion.] W. .\. O. 


(lH08-l8X0),pniiitPT. bom in ISIW, inTliftps 
at Edinburgh, wiu o pupil of ibe Itt-v. John 
TiiOEOiKm [q. v.]arUuddiiif(TloD. On the foun- 

dation of ihe lUtj»X Sooltiuli Ac*(letn]r i« 
ISSBKiddwnselccWdoncof ihenrijcinalMeo- 
r-lBCM, and beenmc on ncudrnitcinn in 1)^3H. 
I(i.-pracli6(.>dpainlinKUt Ediabuivb tilt about 
1 bitll, vhfn bi^Gume luIiOndon. reiifniiiiff bit 
iiienibi^rdhiti uf ihv Itojal Si-oitish Atwoetny 
in 1888. lie th«a Mttl^il aa a iMcher it 
drawing al Oreenwicli, wbere he rendml 
until hi9 itnnlh in Mav l^i'O, at tli« age of 
eiffhiy-onc. Kiddchii>RjpHinli>d thi'>«<>nerv 
of bis native countrv, and cxrciitod a f«w 
etchiugtt of bigblanJ view*. Sotoo of hia 

Sicturei urero engraved. Not lonji bduns hia 
path III- painted ■ portrait of the (|iu>en for 
tlie Uoyuf Hospital ScliooU, Greenwich. 

[Rfdgrnve' AnisU;Atliiai»nni, 35)[aj 
1830; miws, 18 .Ibiy ISSO.J L. C. 

KIDD, SAMirEL (IMM-l^M^ miaaioa- 
nry nt. Mubieen and prnfuamir of C)iin«M at 
liULversilT C'olli^, Ijondon, bom 22 No*. 
1801 ut \Veltoii, iieiir Hull. WM rdimli-d at 
thtf vilhigiL- Bchool of that place. In ISllS 
bu unH «ent to Hull, wh«ru bin (houghta 
n'CFH dintcl-'d towarda a nuMionarv career, 
and in 18:.H) be ent^ml tlifi London Mia~ 
tionnry SoriotT'* IraininecalUgunt Oospott, 
In April 18:^4 bn mnmi-d llannnh, m>cor(1 
dnogbter of Williiini Ining of Hull. .\t the 
end of ihe Bume month he »Bileii under ibn 
aiiHpiceH of ibp London Miuiunnry Sncioty 
to Madrna. ond thence lo Muliiivn, wbcm ho 
arrived in the Norcniher fulloning. He at 
once bei^an the iittidy of ibe Eubkien dialect 
ofCbinene.and under the advice anddirvctioD 
nf tli« Unv. David Collie made rajiid urogieaa. 
In ilic courao of 1680 he piiblwheJ lerenil 
■mull tractatnChiimeiandmihevaarfolloir- 
ing he wasB]tpoiiitsd profoaaorof Chinnmin 
the AnRlo-duneaeOallqceof Malacca. Kmrn 
ihiB time he look an active part in miMionary 
labours, priiucbinf; cunnlantlv and preparinff 
tractD tor publication. In Ix'iO Mrs. Kidd 
waa obliged lo ri'lnm to I'lnglnii.i i.u aircount 
oflior health, and tbr»<> vean laicrallacka of 
cpilepiy, to which In- lind lMiconn> aubjact, 
compelled Kidd himself to adopt the aaPM 
remedy. lie hud fully intended to muim to 
Malacca, but ihe trtato of hit health fcrrlNulo 
him, and in l><:)iIhL'Wa«apiioiuted castor uf a 
rhurcli At Maun i tiff tree in E»»<-x. In Is:!7 h« 
wna apnoinrnd profeMorofChineseat rnii«r- 
iiiiylAillciie, London, for a lerm of five years. 
It wa.-" undeintood ni thrtinienf hi* noniinn- 
ticni tbul hinnprniinlmpnt would ha ri'ui-wi-d 
at ihe end of that term, but ihe Condition 
was disn-gurded, nnd it watin'hite the matt<'r 
was in iiebnte ibut he died auddcnly on 
IJ June l^<J8, nt bin residence in Camden 
Town. Ilfnides n niimlier of small Chincae 
tmcta, Kidd wat tho auUior of ' Critical 








4eticM of I>r. tUb«n IklorriMB's LJtcrarjr 
Laboun' in * Memoir of MorriiKin,' 1898, ii. 
1-87; an ittkugnnil leciare at t.'iuvenit]r 
OoUege (in the L'liineM luifniajti-', 1838; a 
CKUlogneortbuChiiwwilibran- m tbeltojitl 
AtlMw Social J ; uiil'Cliiiu, urlUuainitiuua 
of tbe PkikMopby, GofemmMit, and l.itt^iu- 
uimofttM Cbiiiaw,' l^niJon, 1^41. 8vo, 

[EranirtliBil Mopuitie, IStS. p. Mi; Otat. 
'3Ia£. iml, jal. ii. p, 3(19; infnnnnlioii kindlj' 
Mippjirtl hf \f. O. B. IV*. Mq., ut UullJ 

KIOO, TIIOMAS (17:(V.18»)). Greek 
•cbolarwM «elKNilniMl«r. bum in 177i\vrii« 
lb* •« of Tbnaia« KitMof Kidd, York».)iirv. 
Aflar bttinit adacBt*d at Oiggle^vrirk ichool 
nnder Patev, bo vas cntrntd n» u lutac 
ot Trinity 6oll*^', Cuuliridi!!.', <m I* Uw. 
iir8(l, wbt-iv be tooli iLl- dpfcren of A.B. (m 
flftb junior opdiui*) lu I7(M and jV.M. in 
1707. Ih wu for om* tiin« second tnasror 
(if Mirrhant Tailor** Scbool. mid in ll^lSiras 
appoinliil bu't-martiY of l.ynii icliool; be 
next bcoanp nusipr of WTtDondlum wbool, 
and Untlv of Nuraich. flnvinft lakvii lioly 
□rden, bit wa> »«i<owairolv instituted to ib« 
nctorr of St. Jamaa, Ga^ick llvtb«, l^iti- 
(Ino, in ll^^: to tbatofCrwiion, O^mbriOgp- 
•btr>-, in )H13: to ibe viarag^ of Kltislw, 
Canbriilffpabirr, in IAI4; to tbnt of Iloil' 
tngbaia, >'oirfalk, in IKII ; and, for n second 
tuna.tobolb tbv Tirancp if ICt[l|iIi>;r(ind CIm' 
Kclory of CmLXtoh in IfCW. 

At CambridKi- Kidd U'romc! acijuuintcd 
witb PoTMMi. wbo witB «iniiide(«bly bm Mnior, 
and bia alfectiun and rvwrenoe for him in- 
fltUBCwl bia wbi>l« life. Tbuu)ib bimst'lf a 
nnviiianmk scholar anil etwppd in (ireek 
'fiiot«lun>, b« i» cbicBy r^ioerabercd for 
lirinti tlip rriliical worlii of otlwrt. Thus 
e «lit(xl Rabnicen's minor workn, Dnwrs'i 
Hiaoellaiiea Crilita,' u.i wdl ai thn vm- 
irsiuabli* vulumt-- of P«iMin'« ' Tractn anil 
Criticism*.' He took etpecial bter«at in 
*ullc<cliiii; li»l« of tbe woTKiof avrMalof tlii! 
cbu-f Rn^litb and Dgtdi Kbolar«. In bis 
preface to '{)piwcul» Itubnbeniana ' tlicre 
U a CDtnplolc liM of Tyrwliiti'iiworkii.ii'bib 
bi* Mllatioa pf I'yrwbltl* imnllrr pii-rnii 
U is ibe Uytv rolk-clion at Soiitli Kchmiik- 
lOMMoaMiln. Inbli<rvviovrofS1iiil(rr'«'l.«.>- 
tJnm Al»l(M'idea>' iti the 'Brilisb Crilivk' 
for October IMM li« cataloipiin Vuk-konut^r'n 
'ticawM and cla«eical editions. It waa iliie 
bim tbat iWfiolleciion of Rentluv'4 books 
bkb liad lain iM!ftl<<ct»<l at LacVini^tonD, 
a* in lfU7 rpaenvd and obtain^ for ihn 
nation < (lent. .Vay. XmcealiKT 1 807, n. 1 047 ). 
At uDB tiin« be eontconplated on L>dition of 
Uoiner, and a aoiua of virry elaburato cri- 
ticiaaia on tbeOtenvUlcedition from kin pen 



will be found in ibu 'Critical Rnrinw' for 
ISORaiia ludt. lie rrvi<--w<'d U. P. Knight's 
'Analytical BsMy on the Greek Aliihabet' 
in the '(i^rnllcnian's Msf^iii^' fur October 
and NovviubiT 1707, niid V«l|iy'* 'Greek 
tlmmmnr' in ihi- ' ItriliiU Critieli' for Juno 
IWXl ; conlribiiled iioini' 'curw noTiuimm' 
of Bcfitl.'T on Uomce lo tho ' Muslim Cri- 
liciim ' (i! 1»1), and vrrolo in the ' Claatieal 
Journal.' amangotberarticl«a,'On the (Juan- 
titr of a tlnal short Vowel before *c,' &C. 
(i.Yl.SSt), -lonii.' Temple iuBleubdm Gar- 
dnnii' (ii. 521, Wl"), notices of Bishop Ptsar- 
■un'M minor workt in voU. lii. in. xii. xiii. 
ami x\xi il. Ili> HiiKlisb itylc I* *onirliiac« 
eonftised. and always qtinint. llii 'imper- 
fect outline of tbi* Life of I{. P.,* was pre- 
fixpd lo Por»on'* •Trail* and CriticIniBS.* 
Ikloo, in bis ' SAXafenarian* (i. 138), in n 
abort aiTouni full of frron, calU him 'th« 
tnnlvm Parson Adam*.' Ilo married, in 
IW)I, >lia« ijtnith at Hoxton KquartL In 
]>*i'2 Lord Melbourne gaw him a rJTil liac 
■tension of 100/. A tironx texiimuoial li> 
Ills ni^TiTSHsa Greek scholar and lu bioi^ne- 
ral chnrnclvr. fnini (lie ueii of F'r. Parr, will 
be found in llarker*' ' 1 nrriaua,' j. 37t!. 11^ 
dit-d 1'" .Vug. IS.>', imd is buried in Croxion 

lliB publinh'-d work* nrt-: 1. H^pUKnla 
ItiihnkeDiniin.' London, 1A07. ^'Traclsand 
Criiioisnis of the lute K. Potkio, 1C»[|.,' I^mi* 
don, l^lo. :t.'Hp.inlii 0|wru ad exemplar 
rfCcilei^-liiri Ik'iilleiiiuB? plerumque emendat* 
ft breti)i<i4iii>ii'iiuqtrii^ta,'CaiDliridgi-, 181T. 
4. ■ Iticnrili Iliiwe*ii Misrelliinra Crilii-a,' 
Cambridge, 1817: 2nd edit., ISi"?. ft.'ASer- 
monpTfnchcd nt llie Viiitation of thn Arch- 
deacon of Nonvicb, Miiy !'>. lt?3l,' I.»ttcra 
from him will be found in l'arr'ri'C.irre«|¥md« 

eiicu ' ( Iforid. ed. Joliniilone. riii. '2\tt |9) 

and Ponoii's 'Corrtvpuntleuo; ' (Cambr. Ant. 
Soc.),p. 113. 

fOMil. Mag. laM. pL ii. (^ 667: Koilar's 
Indca Kci-l. 180<K-10, p. 104.] U. K. L 

KIDD, WILLIAM (J. 1701). pirale, is 

tail! to have Uh-ii u iialive of Gracnot'k, lo 
have settled in lioMou, Maunchuietta, to 
have eoiumanded u trndins vfssel in ilwi 
\Ve»t Indies, Olid lo bare distinjtiUKlied liim- 
wltin rriiomiiii'l of a prlvuteer during Wil- 
liam Ill's wiir wiib France. In llStl*>, when 
the Knfl of lt>dlomnnl nss nppoinled gorei^ 
nor of UniixBehuiwIIs liny, with rj>pf<cia) 
inalnielioiu to aumrvw the piracy which in- 
ftistod the canst, Hoberl Livinipitone, a man 
of good repute in the colony, br<iU);h I Kidil 
to tbe iJar) a notice in Lunduu as a fit man. 
for llw work [we Cowtb, IticuaBD, E*rl of 




Bhli.omo«it"|. Ht-llormmi'- ~ii>,%'i'Bt ion tn iho 
ndmirnliy tlint IvJilJ elmiilii b-.' iippoiiiled to 
the command 'if n "miill "bip ol wnr was 
judijed im-giil«r, nnii it wn* dpl.-rniinrd to 
sena liim oul in comninnil "f u privati-cr. 
with, in n<lditii>n lo tli<- oriliiiEiry IpIIit of 
Toaniii'", « •[ipdnl com ui IBB ion und-.-r the 
(tnjBtmialnropowi-ringliini lo Bul/e and bring 
in liUch pirotw 03 ht shoiild moet with in 
thu cnnit of AinHrioa or elsewbero. Kidd 
unit Livinffitoiu- iiudidirlook to jmjr (iii»<ftfVh 
of the pxpenBci ; lt«lloinont pnid th« othor 
fonr-fiftlw, ill citujnni-tion witli (Irfopd, then 
Ami lord of ih.- ndmiralty. Scmi-rs, ihe lord 
chuicellnr, Itomimy, a iwcivtiny of aiuii-, uud 
81imrablli7, una at the lords jufttii-i-r. A 
T««d niua«d the Advi-ntun* was (icconliiijdy 
flttod out. Btiil siiibd fmiu PIvmont.h in May 
IBSfi, Aflt-r visiliiig N^rtw Vork, wh"m iilin 
raised her coinplpmnnt nf mnn to ISS, the 
Adveulufo proceiiW to Mudngn>rur. llii-n 
known U thchmint of pirotcj. In lUccounie 
of I6ft8 itnd the bfRinning of lOOU com- 
plninla KitelKd the (^wmmi-ut that Ktdd. 
instead of capturiiifiord^Mroyinj: the pimi'.-* 
and pn-ying on the king's •«nnmira, wna him- 
»i-lf a very active pirnte, »ci»ing nnd plun- 
dering native ahips belonging lo tri<"n'!ly 
i>oweri!, Ordpf" n-ere sunt nut to Lord Bi-I- 
lonioot lo npnri'hend Kidd if he should re- 
turn to Norlu Ami-rico; 4nd neoordingly, 
when he returned to Bostnn in Jnly !t!90, 
he WM thrown into gnol. Hi? tidmitled thai 
acts of nirncy had been coniinilt*d, but 
kllcgtid that lie lit ihe time hnd K-en over- 
povorctt l)V a miiliii'.iita crvw iinil iinpri^oni^d 
in the cnhrn. 'llhePB of the ships takt-n wnm 
•ailing lUidiT (''rtiiH'li piiuM, and werti lugnl 

{irixe«, but I he dewrlion of his men, who hni) 
oinod llie pirntea, hnd pmvcntcd his iL-ndinit 
tliom in to be condemned. He nffirmi-d. 
nioroovcr, that the AdvonCuni being no 
lonn'r seiiworthy hnd beMi dMiroyed, and 
Kiild and the fuir men who hnd reinftined 
\oyt,\ vtert (Recording lo hii own account) 
on tliair way homn in ihi- (jiioda Morchnnt, 
A richlv kdcin ahip of mme 400 Ion*, which 
had a l-'rnnch pms and hod bet^n iraptiin^ 
under Ffnch colours, when, touching at the 
inland of IIiii|ianio!a, hr beard thai he had 
been pruclaimed a pirale, and that a warrant 
was out for hJH apprth-rnsi'iii. IieavioD the 
<Jueda Merthant. lie Ixiiight a email aloop, 
and osme on lo Riwlon to know tht^ tnitlu 
Itellomont wa8 nnxinu* to jenm where tlui 
Queda Merchant hnd been U-ft ; her cargo, 
htt vnWf In Knglnnd, wns. by ibe bi-il eom- 
putolion he eiiiild make, worlii about 7iS,lJ0Ul. 
Kidd, however, d«clined to givu any infiw- 
matlot], and tha ahip wan apparently never 
feund. 8one •mall part oi the iroa«tire 

waneeixied in the oloop; a jiortion that h* 
)iad faurieil in Gardiner'a island wa« not n^ 
covered by llie government: but, like tba 
larger nmnnnt 1^ in tli* •hip, it was pro- 
bnhlyntthediffpOMlof Kidd'* lri#ad& P<t]i<i- 
lar Iradition* which ivuv>iint ila burial, mud 
thH failure of utlpinpf« to mrawer it, enoir- 
mouslr t'xnggeruie its vnltie; ctob of tha 
e«liniuied 70,000/. the rn>nter part wa« in 
iwrivhnble bale gooda. In the spring nt 1700 
Kidd and his ci>nipaaion« irete lent to Hng- 
land in the Adnce frigate, and on their 
nrriral on S April were lalten in charge by 
the mnrshnl nf thti ndmlnilty, who also 
«eiiad Kidd'i pnpera {Admirtitu .Vaiuf«, 
M April I70U). The eaemioi of the govern- 
ment now charged the aiihscribnm la llw 
Adventure's equi;nni3nl with having fitted 
out a notorious pirale, and attemplH Kete 
e^pf'C-ially made to implicate Soineni, who 
bitd not only luWribM, but hail affixed iha 
KTfUt «eul to KiddV ommiuiion. Tlie cliarge 
win formally prpfern-d in the llou^iof Com- 
niiiuB, and wn« debuted with all thn virii- 
li'iiceof l'n(!tion,hutwastrioRridrnlly ahmrd 
loheallinned by u majority. In tbefallow> 
ing May. Kiild. Willi *evenil of hia crew.wM 
pni on hit irinl al th"? Old Bailey. He 
cliurged with ihn murder of one Moor*. 
gunner of the Adventum. whom he had 

' violently on tho bend with a bucket. Hm 
defence wiw that Mootw w.w mutinoas 

. insolent, and that he had kiiorJi.xI liim 

in a lit of jiaiHion : but thi!iiitlg«difvct«id 

jurv that It was done with mnlire prrprasr, 
ftiwl was ihcn'fot* murder. He yea* fnrlher 
chnrgi'd with piratically seizing and pluiv 
dering six diifereTit ships. Hia defence was 
that till ahips were sailing under Fre*ich 
pa»«i'*, and wore legal ^iics according to 
the leriiK of hit enmminiion. These passes, 
he said. 111' hnd priuorri-d, hut th« hnd 
been taken fmm him, and I^ord Bollo* 
mont and the ndmiraUy had rofiued to r*f- 
stnr4 them, No further to(|uiry waa mails 
for them bv ihe court: he had no properly 
cnnntiluiea legal sdvi^r or counsel; the 
only wilnewnn against him were two of the 
Adventure's men, who wer? accepted M 
king's evidrrnco. Tlin judge tnmmiid up 
against him ; he was found guilty of murd<^r 
and jiiriey. was with several of hia com- 
panions sentenced 10 death, and was duly 
tisnged at (livcutiun Dock on 'iS Muv 1*01. 
Whatever may have been Kidd's crimes. It 
i» cinar that lie hnd tvot a fair trial, nnd was 
found guilty on insulKcient evidence. Kidd'a 
cllccts lo the value of ((,172/. U. wrro for- 
feited lo the crown, and the money was givMi 
br Queen Anne lo Greenwich Hoipilal in 
1 1 Oft (Ltsoks, Ennrani, tv. 148). 




[Jofanann't daecml Hinwry of iba Pttate*; 

VannluB BiMoiy oT EogUad (Cab. ad.), riil. 

Mlt-4. MManW* Mcevnt ii mora than iwiully 

iaMCwwIe. Ki<td «u botFimfit la Lord Botlo- 

■OM** DoliM in London, nil in .\<« Yiirk ; and 

tb* wbolo itotji u Inlil in I'rtllituil liui^iiuxit* 

vlth pieliKMqu* delail, i< Tcr? doablful. Tb« 

mnUnpont; MuphlvtH. whirb ftirc the con- 

nonlir MMfrtedawouiil. ar*: Aitivla* of Aan*- 

mvDl mwla thi* lOih day of Octolrr ]60S hf 

tmn Iba RIrIm HonoambU Itirhurd. Eul of 

B*lb9iii0Bt.i>n th« <iot pul.niiil I£ot>crt IiCvlnffi- 

ton. Eaq^ iind Opt, Witltam Kiil of lh« othti' 

part (pnntad ITUI): Tlio AirniKiimnir. Trial, 

■ad Condanniilioa w Captain Witltnm Ki<ld for 

Hnrdor and Ptraejr. . . . Fnvtvd by lIk- Judfraii 

and CVaodl (fal. ITOI); A Tree Aowniiit of tbe 

Brfwfiovr, Cenft^wn. and lut DyinK S|jM«b«a 

of Chptain WiltiaA Kid>! anil Iba r«at of tha 

Pima. . . (17DI); A Fnll Arconnt of ihn Pro- 

<Mdtnc» ia rrUlioa lt> Oiptain Kidd. in l«o 

I«lt«n vriiln ly a r»rMn of Qaulitj- t« a 

«f tb*> Hart of Bpllomnnt . . . (Ito, 

j Lord BtHomont *• Oflleial ComBpondenco 

r Pobl^ Rocotd OttcB (Colonial. Bonn! of 

r. !lfvER,i!iii»d,*«l, iz.)((iTMnfiillMMiiinl 

I Kidd'n urmt ; one [•prr, S4 Jon* 1099. i* a 

Var trom Ri>ld. xujiwciiilv vritloi and irigiied 

rU^ir. ('^.A<lnlinlltTM!n(ltai^ft-Ia April 

}IM. WaIMn'*Anira1t(i/PhiladolphU(il.3t2] 

I nij iniNinte.) J. K. L. 


ouL IT'M in Edinbiirab, wat. nnt a|>- 

1 to a hoiue-painltn-, nut nn ihn rcim- 

\oth.i» IMIB made hi« way to London 

to iluitr paintuif. Ho wa> on cnthusiiuiic 

_Bdniir«r of llx* worka of AI<!TBail('r Cano 

^».'and of Sir Ihivid Wilkii-, and deftr- 

life in llwtf tnamiLT. II<? lint «xhibiled at 

tbo Kojal AeadraiT in 1817, and at the 

nliih In*4itiil!oii'in 181'', and «u from 

at timi^ a frvquont contributor to both RX- 

b)bitio«u, aad aim to tUv Soeiotjr of Uritiab 

ArtiMsin SaSblkStf^t. Kidd wo* ver; nic- 

«MiAil ia d*p*et>iw[ tbc jmUim and humour 

cf nntic lift, and hia ptciuna liave main- 

niaad lliRir popularilT. Many wwre mi- 

■tmI, tuch Bd ' Till! Poacher l)nt«ct«d,' by 

LuptoD, tbi.- iuini<? jiirture n» ' l>i> Bracon- 

r Prill,' aDdaaotber,*LelJ«i«*rSur|)ri«.'in 

lualiat bv P. Jaxet at Pariii; ' Indult^ntr,' 

rJ. H. Wall: 'Tlw Ponohrr'n Snam," by 

i Slowart, Ac. In lfU9 Kidd «nu cWlc^i) 

I liofMrarj miimbcr of the Kornl Sroliisli 

kcad«EaT. NnTvir able to mniiogi! bin own 

«0urs, fiidd frll at the rod of hie liff into 

hn|lli»ii financial i!mbarTnMmi>nl . and wm 

^^■qiportcd 6nallj bv bi« f!ri«nds and a p'n- 

^^B(ia ^m tb« KoTal Academy. Iln dim] in 

^Tindoa oa Obri»ma« ew, 1S6S. A iiicturo 

fejUn, 'Coiil«iBp1aiing tha Tin**,' wm loot 


'to the Cvutury of Briiish Ar Kxbibition 
at thu Grciavenor GalUfy iii lSS8-» (No. 

[R«dgniT*'» Diet, of Aniau: Gmrt*'* Diet, 
of Aillau, t760'ISSOi Oiialqpia of C*Dtctf7 
of BriiUh An KihibitioB, Oroaraoar Oaller/, 
lSS8-e.] L. 0. 

KIDD. WILLIAM (1808-1W7). imtu- 
ralint, bom in I^O-t, iraa appnnticM tnrly 
in lifi> to Dnl'ln-iii, CradilcvK, k Joy, n Drm 
of Loiid'tti boiik#i>llcriL ll(i aftomni'ds rn- 
tersd bosinP8> nn hi* own account, nnd had 
*hop« •occi-Riivnty in CbnndriB and lli-)icnt 
StrMla. While at (%Andu* Stfwri b<! pub- 
liabcd a ' Ouido ' a OmTCMod,' ' P'lpulnr 
I.iltlp ifi>cn.-t«,*nnd other ihorteMU^wriMt^u 
by biiust'ir. Between May and OcioUor 183ft 
hi" published Iwenly-foiir nnintK'rs of a 
<ir«?k[T ' London Journnl ' dialing with na- 
tural bigtcir^ ; from IfifiS to ISM ll<^ bmneht 
out a rinular monthly pL-riodiul ciilliri 
*KirId*ii Own Joiimal,' wtiicb wn.i aubso- 
quiTOlly rviuucd in livi- Toluint-s, ri>i-al Bvo, 
and duriuf- IK(I3-1 hv issued tea nuinbem of 
■ Essaya Aud Sketches' on miscellanMnu eub- 
jeciR. By thatdate liabadaold liiabiuiiioMi, 
and devoted himxdf entiraljr to his favourite 
studira. He irnn iilwajsanMroMt student 
of nature, and lie nouMod an nsioninhin^ 
nd of rndenrinn himself to animuU. In 
Inn latiT ynam m hi» lifn he resided in tho 
Now Itond, Ilnnimcfsmitli.and net iin a fino 
ariarVi which was burnt dtinn ojid n«ver 
' rebuilt. Kidd was an iiidep^ud^&i and ec- 
centric thinker and talker on tvlig'iou* atid 
! social subjects, and delivered many li>cturt>s 
' in various parts of thn country on such sul>- 
iceta ns ' Renin] rtassin,' ' Knahion and its 
Victims," 'The Vnliie ot Little Things,' ond 
'Happinnu made com pBrtttivelyeiL*T'(/si'W^ 
pool Jf ercirry, 8 March I'SIiS), lie died at 
Haminemmilh.T Jan. 18U7. lie vas married 
and his wife turrit-ed him. 

Asa iioiuralin Kidd's chief works were: 
'Tb" Cniian,* I/>ndon, l8.Wi 'Tlie Aviary 
and its Qccupnnit,' Iwo parts, IR-IB, and a 
number of Kmnll bnok* on the g-nldfinch, the 
linnet, and iitlier British songrier!, which 
are Mill valuable, lie also wr»(e an intro- 
duction to \S'esIcrill'i ' Autobiogrupliy of a 

Ooasam«r Spider,* IHAT, and, in conjunction 
with F. Bnokland, several ntp«'T« iri ■ Birda 
and Bird Life,' 1863, bestdes contributing 
pntHirs <in birrls and landred mibiects to the 
'trardeners' Clironiele' and ■imitnr pnriodU 
oals. A lone series of troeis nnii eesaya 
which lie pnblishod on very mi»-ollaaooua 
subjects are either weakly imiini ire of 1,1-igh 
ITunt, or ehatnctcrised r^nly bv i^noranco 
and siiiierBciality. The chief of' these pnm- 


96 Kidder 

plileUar^i J, "TheHEiirr* I'mimr El«in«nt>' 
•2. ' Tho World iinil ils Two FiUiM,' 1854. 
3. *Iloni^ Thouehii fur Plain and IIonMt 
IVopK'.' 4. 'The SininiroSiiirit* of tlie Day, 
or a Kap fur iLf ItnpjuTs.' 6. ' Friuntlly An- 
PcaIb to i\i« Vvj^lv ' (uiilv twu uumbenpuD- 
Lslied). 0. ' Etuinptu, lU Power for Oond 
or Evit.' 1866, 7. 'Tlie Cbarmwl ttiag: 
8, 'Man, TtoTrod with It«ferenci> w his WorcU, 
hia IJnodi', and his Mntivm.' P. ' Life, ils 
Tint« and iu Shadcnn,' Ism. 

[0<-Dt. Mng. ISflT. pt. i. p. 3tT; Athvncron. 
12 J*n. 1S07 ; Kidd'. Work*.] M. O, W. 

KIDDER, KKJHAKU (1633-1 703), hi- 
■hop of llnth unil W'tlla, wns born at Goal 
Grinstcad in Suhhi'x in llU3. IIi« falW 
)Hdon)(«l <t> thv cLoM of yeoiiion or lewer 
I^Fntry. ll'u> uioiher «*&» n woman of gttmt 
pi«ty, of piiritJiii M'myinlhira. He wns cdu- 
L'atud al a gnimmar irhnol in thi* nL'inh- 
bourhond under thi> iunst<M^blp of a Mr. 
ItflTntiT llnrmimi of whom he sjietiks in iLy 
hif[lu9t Icrnm. Hi? wus M-iit It nii H[ioilie- 
cnry at SovenonkB to study int^rlioiiK-; l>iit 
hia ^^il^nd» raiaud a sura of inoiiwy 10 wnd 
liiui lo Cambridge, and in June l«41l h<> wn* 
adnaiued aa ■ nxtr nt tCmmanucl CoUojta 
S^iul Cndock [<]• v. ], then a felbtr of the 
co11<<(!», dirvcUxt nix ntudiis. imcounired him 
in iiri?IiRi(ni»Iif'',n"clhel]iL-<ihimwiiUiii(iiiey. 
Ho griidimtod H.A. in lii'iti, and in llW.j 
WM c1<^(^>'d ftlluw tif Ktnmanui*!, In IG58 
lio wiu npdniiiucl iJi?iu;on uiid priwt, in one 
tiny, by l»r. Itruwuriffy, the deprivi-d bi»hop 
of ExeliT. TliP ordinoliiin took plaeo in a 
iiriviite hmiSL' ut Ittirv Si. I'Mmunds, In 
lIS.'i!) (lie liciimgi' of AtniiKmnnd, HuntinK- 
doiwhini. whidi wmi In tlir Rift of hia eollpfji', 
f«ll vnrnnt, iind Kidder wus npji'^iniivl to tl. 
In llW:; be? wna tjiftwl by tb-? nonholoninw 
Act, bfCiiiiw h'.' "(lid not ibink tit lo mili- 
scribv !•> wbnt ht never Kaw/that iK,of couth*, 
the nmfndi'il Book of Uarmmon Prayor. He 
dociufra lliut ho hud 'neror Uken rhe co- 
Tcnitnt or rn{(Df,'viu«ut, wua eaiitvlysaliftfled 
in euifliropttfy, aiid with a litnivy ! hnd no 
band in the talo confusion*, nnd wn.« ho far 
froill it ihni hi* Inniontpd them, nnd nru,* do 
prived of hi» lii inff only for not iiub«i'ribinf( 
to A book that v'us not, b» it oiiiflit. lo liav<< 
been, laid boforr him.* For n (imi- ho tnaii 
chanoo duly in Loudon and ibe couciry, but 
in 10S4, haVing by diat ttmo ' oonfonn«ii,' bi- 
WM ap[N^itt«a bv Arthur, evl of Eaiex. Iu 
tlie KCtOrr of Raino (now sp«1t Itavne), near 
Brainuw.' Ho found tbe people 'Inrtiou* In 
thela«d«f[retf,'and u»dlo call the tun yean 
he spi-nt among ihfim '(be lost part of hi* 
lif«.' Tlie gtfl pltffuo of London in )6SIl 
apraad to Eaws, and added lo hi> tronbim : 

and he al» lonl (not tbrougb Iha pli 
three childmn ihcr?. In 1(174 he iraji od 
I tie liTingof St. Helen'* in i <ondon by Soncvnft. 
then dean of St. Pnul'a, who hod known him 
at Kmmanni?! CDtt(>ffi?; but lhouj;li be offi- 
ciated there for a wbili-, aiid waa nucb 
jileoted with the people, he would not be 
instituted on tlie Uma» of refiuinf; tbe holr 
rORiinuaion to tbo«i> who would not knMl. 
HowM appointed alxo in l«~4pnacb«irMtbt 
Ilolla by »ir HarbnttUi (irimiton ['q. r.], tbe 
nuuti^r, nndinlbcinineyparwaiiprfu'nlcdby 
the MiTrcbflntTayioni'CDinpany to the rectory 
ofSt. Martin (lii'twieb, tho next pariah taSt. 
HelHn'a. Suun adurwardo be was aUodioaen 
to be a week-day lecturer at Blacbfriars. In 
lfi80 he loHi three eliililr«<n by ibe small-pox. 
He was now a popular pr(«c1if-r, and was 
ofTiirpd vnrioun profWmnnls. In It)81 bewaa 
nTi[)i>intr>d to n prebend atNorwicli by tlie lord 
cliiiufcllor. tbf Karl of Nottin|{b*in, and a 
fi-w yonrf later wua twice chn»en lecturvr of 
IpawioU, bnt declined both liinM. Id lOt^ 
bi4 old friiwd Suucroft, now ardibialiop of 
Ciinierbunr, offered hlin tho ItTiiig' of Sund- 
ridu«, Kent, nnd \uf was alio twcoiniiMindad 
by ilobfTt Nnlmn to Tillotfon, Ibon dwn of 
Ht. PuuI'h, for the livinjt of IIothm, bnt be _ 
accepted nellher iiri'rertaont, ■ 

In IU80.Mion alter the acceuiunof William V 
nnd Mary, lie wud madeouieof th« royal chap- 
lains, without liifl knowledse, and was alio 
apjH>inled on tlieroyul comniisaion locoaaider 
«iich alleratioii;! in ibe liiurgr.Ac.aa mifilit 
give *nli»faetion to tbe di»MOler» inooniw«- 
lion with the CompnihenBion Hill. He pre- 
pnrod o now vetwion of tho Pxolmi, but tli4> M 
conimiuiun bad not time to examine it. J» fl 
the tame year, on tbe oJei*ation of lle«n Vtf 
trick to I'he si^ uf ChicbeMer, be waa au- 
poinled bv tbe crown dean of ^tcrbofougli. 
nnd flnalty, ibmu^b tbi> indtrnmimtalily of 
Tillotion, now iiivbhishop of CunterburT, was 
olTercd tlie bisbopriK of Until nnd WelU, of 
n-bieh Tbamos Knii hnd bt*a deprive<l. Uf „ 
MyB thai be wii» very unwillinK lo nccrnt ■ 
the ««e, but after some dnvs coiueDt«I. lie- II 
nfterwar«l»ihong>hl thatheliad not been wim: 
for 'though he could not say thai be bad 
ncieii atro'itt hi* eoniwi«ice, ne dtd not con- 
sult bis en*'." and often n-prnitad. Ho wan 
Pon«ecralcd at Dow Church onSOAitfi. 161)1, 
and 'pr»«eiillv took up hiarendvnco at Weill.' 
'lam an re,' be say*, 'no man living could 
come into n place with a more hearty dwiie 
to do pood than [ did.' Itul his poaitim ww 
moit nnroTiiiunte. for the whole aympatbiei 
of tbe ilioecnc wen- probublr with hw dnirived 
[irmlecessor, Ki-n. Ken b^mx-lf tm-ntlv dis- 
lik>*.l ilie apuointnu-iii, and spoke of Kidder 
as a ■ tatitudiuarion itadilor,' a ' hireling,' 




i'ImUuI or liMping hisflocfc wiihiu the 
_ (Mcounfed ibcm to »U*j,' *a tilranger 
nTiging k» dock.' Kiddtr fv/mn to havn 
Imo couuhuJIt ia troubU' with tlio cntlie- 
dnil diBpUr ; tboy rvfiMod to attend Ilia or* 
dioalMni*, tliialiiii|[ UiAt lin ordaJoiHl noncoii- 
fcmnutd without havinf* pruprily HBCe'rluiiicd 
tLiil itmj \iaiA mtlly becuinu thurcliiui>n. Tlii? 
wfaolo tuuv ot luH cliargM t«># i-lvrg^, and 
klao of Ilia Autobiognpb^, ttinws Ins Mf 
no«itioD. Ktdder tnd hi" viif« wro botli 
killed ia tbeir bed in ilif jioko' nt WrIU br 
ihafillinfCofaMBckuf ctiuiin«VBClir<)U|{h tlii: 
roof in tlu> KTMt rtarm of IW Not. 17W. 

Few men wen more olmoxiou* to kl^li 
cbtircbmen than Kidder, but it u hudly fair 
to cliafgv liin, oa he bu been cliarged, with 
Intag ft mere lirao'^trviir. Tie ivfu>(^ many 
O&n of pfufoRncnt, includingf at Inrut one 
UtbopaUu tkat of Pclorbonmg£ ; and hi* lito- 
my wait, if natbinit dad, eeitaiDljr poinUd 
him out for ■■IvaiiomiMit. A atOTf u told, 
■raeh lo hi» crwlii, that in 1096-7 it w«a In- 
tuSAl«d to hint tliat be mual go up to the 
HouM of Loida and rota for the nttaiiiderof 
Sir John Fenwick, and upon liia raplying llutt 
ha iduat Mut to know tli« marita oium m*^ 
h* wa« aakud, ' Uun't you k&owwbwie breaa 
jouarecAlliif!'' To which be reptiin3,'I«at 
no man'a bread bat poor Dr. KruW and, to 
abowbiapniKipLM,n'eut up&iidT4lediiKaiD»t 
ttwhiU. Thcftoty thai LcmaJuth«duprivMl 
babop aa aUovriaoa bom the aee ia apo- 

Kidder waa a n«C indiutrioua and, in 
niMy raapacte, raluaUa wrilcr. Ilia fint 
work of any itDportattoownK entitled 'CWvi- 
vininCa-lwtc: a Ilainand Familiar Diicoiirsu 
concL'minit lUe Lotd'a Suppi-r,' It wun pub- 
liabed in It^J, but waa a iv-iiniit of whut Li- 
had pTuarhe<d to bia recalciinuit pttriHlii"[i<^rii 
at TUiii>f HOW jvars before. In KV^l )»• 
publUliDtl the fliM part of bi« ' Denoniilrn- 
tioa of tha Meniaa.' Othvr iMrt* wrr pub- 
liabad at diiTcrtfit timiw, and the nbole won 
not coaptetiil until 1700. In I(l»3 he wdk 
•faoinMiloTU! lecturer, and h«t&jcrtej thu 
aubataneeof theiedureatie then delivered in 
iba'Panaooatrallcn,' It waaintendud in tho 
llru inatanra to promote the convenion of 
tha Jawa, aad lu* knowMffa of llrbrow and 
ibaoriaDtal Unsun|t<« weir auali fled him for 
iki> taik 1 but it vciu obu dincted asaiiut 
onientB of the deiaU. In 18^1 he 
nk the tnumUtioo of Or. I.ijjhTfocit'n 

I ilil" Ijitin. Ill lUOl hu uuhlish-.-d ' .\ 

ninmtiilary on tb« Five BoiAa of Siloai-s, 

-iih a DiHcrtatioa concerning the Author 

of the aaid Book*, and a gen^I Argument 

to Mch of tboB,' 3 vole. Thi* wni pnrt n( 

a joint work vluch waa to be executed by 


London dargymen for the use of familiiA II 
waa to bare ctDttrateil the whole of ihe Old 
and New Tealamenla, but tba Bcbema fell 
through becanm the attantion of the writara 
was diT«<n«d to the Itoman cnotroriinnr. In 
IGiJS hcjiublii>hed ' A Chorgr to the Cloigy 
of Ui« Ifioccie at bin I'Tiniaiy Viaitatioo b«- 
Kun at Oxbridge Juuv % t(]l'-2.' hi ItlOS ap- 
iii'&ivd his'Lifeuf Anthciuy llomvck'na.v.J 
lll» \&ti wurb waa a poelhumoua one, 'Uritt- 
cal Rviuarks upon M«ne DiRtcult Pimu^ of 
ScripTUTf, in a Letter to Sir Peter King,' 
17ieaiid 17^. 

Kidder uteo published a vast numbrr nf 
fonnons, tracts, and Tugitivi' piecpii. Of thu 
wnnona the first was entitled ' The Yuuug 
Man'« Ihitj; a Discourta ahoniiig thw iie- 
eeeaiiy of seeking the Lord bettmea,' Xc, 
which waa pabliriied es early aa 1683, and 
became ao popular tlint it reached a lealh 
edition inliW; 'The ChTi>tJan8ufl*ar«TSii]>- 

Cartcd,' 1680, a (enaou preached at Guild- 
all Chnpel on la July IWL'; u fiiiiiTii] ter- 
mon on Mr. W, Allen, a l<oudun ciliietl 
who wrote in deft^iice of the cliurob of Eng- 
land, on 17 Aup. W^i niiotliiT on Thoiuaa 
Pakemaii in If^l ; oim 'On thi> Itanurec- 
tioD,'16Mi ■ Twelve ScrnMinnpninohed upon 
toTOTal occaaioiu,' 1697; <ind ' -\ DiicnurNi 
conoemiiig Sin* of Inlimily and Wilful 
Situ,' and another 'Of Restitution," which 
were to bo dixtributi^ amuo^ the pour uf bin 
diocew, nnd wei* neat to the prwa a \-eij 
ahurt time before hi« death. Ilia 'Traota 
against Pupery * include 'A Second DiHlogna 
Iwlween a new Catholic OonTrrt and a IW 
leetant, shewing why he cnnnot believe the 
IVictrine of Trannubslnntiai ion ' ( lOStl') ; '.\n 
of ilin Churdi, Of the Confcoaion of Ad- 
v.fn.flrie.' (IIW71; 'Tba Jndjpnant of Pri- 
vate OiBcn-tiun in XstWra of BeUgioa De- 
funded' (ttlt47)(thid was oii^nally preached 
M a eermon at St. Paul'a, Covent Onnlen, 
168(n; -Teite which the Papiata cit« tar 
pmor of ihnir Dnrtrino of the Sacrifice of 
tho Mom rxamined'(168G): ' Itetlcetiona on 
a Fivneh Tejijimi'Ui printed at Itordenux in 
l<i8(l; preli^uled li> bu translated out of the 
Latin into French by tlie INvinee of Louvub' 
(1600). Amonr bis tracta on other eubjecta 
were ' Cliarily Directed, or the Way to givn 
Alm» to the Krealen adrantaga, in'n I^rtter 
to a Friend (ItTT"); 'A Diacours,' -if the 
SiMTBinente,' with i-'ian heads of rxniniua' 
lion and prayem (I6S4); 'Help forCliildren'd 
luidcrstonding the Church CBtwhL'iii' (un- 
dated). He aUo collected a number ol 
Helin-w pniTiMbs, which were fubliabed in 
an Hppendii to lUy's ' OoDeoUon nf l*ro- 
verba. Some Latin letters paeeod between 




liim niid linClrri; aa iLc mnnninu or(ii>n«iilt 
xxxvi. Si. Itotb Im Clnrc and l)ii Pin had 
a lii(rli <>\naioa of Kidiiitr's foKvtt. 

[AutobtograpliT of Itrfbo]) Kid<}«r, flrit pab- 
lunsd inCuaiii'ii I.inno( the iliibo^ at Bath uld 
Will*; Dean Ptiiinpu«'* itiid nclicr liioKnpliiM 
of Uitlioji KoTi ; Jlciut'* linliKii^a Thought id 
Engl'iuil; K id Ji^'s ova wriiingi.] J. IL O. 

(rf. IMl), ubiiiit, of Winchconibc. [Son 

KlDGELIi, JOHN (/I. r7i)6), divine. 
baiitU. d on 28 April 1 722 ii Si. Mary Wool- 
notli. l.iindim, won ncin of Jnlin Kidin^l of 
St. Miiry WoolcUun-h {lUyUUrii, «!. nrnok* 
nut) IIuIIl-o, ji, 100), IK- wiut ndmitlM to 
'U'(ucli<Bti-r 111 17^3 (KiRRi, fl'inripiter 
Sehatvri', ii. 2^18), lualrioululi^d ut Oxford 
from lU-iuord Oollog* on 2\ Mnrcli 1710-1. 
(ji'niiimlv«l Tl.A. in 17-14, nnil M.A. iu 1717 
{ymtVM, Alumni Oxon. l"l.'i-JfWfl, ii."tl2), 
and wn-> tlL-clcd follow. IId wiw h mnn of 
moil.- IbIduI. but Jianoluli; and dinhoni'st. 
James Uoiiglu,e&rl of .Murch and Kutc1<-n 
(■flcirwnrijiillieirell-liiiowii Duke of (j^uv^*- 
lnill. III 17A<Sbi!irn« nftiislHnt-preacWr 10 
thii lli»ln)[) of HanKor, in D'-ycmb'/r 1 7/1?' bo- 
i-onii- rv'i'ior of WoolvuMtnn. Suffolk (Aildit. 
Ma. I»10.'i.f.2o0).«nd by IT61 wo* morning 

friaitlitT ul Itorkele;;' CMiapi!]. I^ndon. On 
4 Miiy irtiVliewiiainirtitulnd tothnrpciorj- 
of fiocUlKtic. .Siirnev iAUniiixiI and Hiur, 
Surny, ii. .'W7V, kad on 24 June following 
1.0 tliiil (if Ii'>me in tlie RBme cpunty (ii. 
ii. 3^>'l ). tlo liabitaally noi;1ec[«] kin duty, 
and livfd no n mnn about lown, nnditr Ibe 
nuipicn* of I^id Morcli. Walpolo describM 
him a> a ' dainty, prii^*b narMn, much in 
vOKuu waaaj; the uU Indies far his ({oiiNpinff 
ann quaint surmona' {Seiyn i^ tleorgellt, 
1. Sll). When in 170S tbe RovonmiPnt 
wniili'd n •ocnnil ropy of Wilkes's ' Erauy on 
Womnn,' Kidgidl wiciired one of Ibe pruoP- 
ab«tts,nndbyLhclreiichcTyoronoof Wilku's 
printera nuccoednd bv drj^rcpn in proeuring 
tho wliol», Thi* ho liunJinl lo Lord Mnrcb, 
who wa« in aecKt coiitultniion witit Lord 
Butci and lyonl Sandwieb, llu thm nt- 
t«nipCed to dofimd his conduiM und rcplmiih 
hi» punte by piibliohinjT ' A freniiine iiud suc- 
mncl ISnrrntivp (if n •candnloiu, olucene, nnd 
excivlinjtlypfofane Libel, unlillfd"' An I'^mhv 
oil WciHEin. (ill!., Jlo, Loudon. ITOJ), wliiefi 
eoiiiplctiily blaal«d his ruputniion. An nl- 
leuiiit on ibe part of lx>nl Sandwich to oliinin 
for liim Ihu wealth? rectory of Si. Jncnrji, 
l/ofM, ix.6Q0),aad Kidgnll.who vnku'dcepiy 
in duht, had to Ay the country, and is Mid 

to have died in Flandne (ButLCT ud 
UiitTTON, AWfYy, iv. US), lu June 17<lUlb 
diurcliwardcu of Home iiutituted pnucd- 
ingi ngnin^t birn in the court of aruteaiif 
non-T««id(<nce, but th« oauK', «« h«in? 'la- 
prvpodj bpf^iin,' wax dtuniitxid ' for lii* pttr 
vent' (Am. tUy. ix. 10>>). 

KidgL-U wu nuUior of: 1. 'The Uu4' 
[uQOu.], -i voU. Mma, London, 17£(i,a tciw 
oflaJeepartlyio tlieepiitolan'fonn. 2.'0i> 
(•\na\ l''able»,'in Engbdi audi Preach, S nth. 
liSnio, London, 1763^ Both «r«r« piitltd for 
private circuUiion only. In tlw 'Oxfcrf 
SBiMnp?* (cd. 1781, pp. llP-34) are Mm* 
amuiiiiff line* by bim, entiOHi ■ Table Ttik,' 
wliicb wurc written in 174i». 

[KidgfU's WarkH. [mmphlcu iu aa>'««r U ' 
liiiN'tuTiitire, 17(1,1; Fur«tiir'»ClinrleiiCkuirbiQ, 
ISns. p. 93 ; Uent. Mof. ITdS. p. €13.] O. 0. 

KIDLET, WILLIAM (/ 1(124), poet, 
wuii >on of John KidUy of Dnrlmnutli, !)»• 
vuniibir^, whew he wmi horn in IflOll. In 
luiitrieulutin^ at Oxford he ([are hi* name a* 
Ki<lli'> Pointer. Ileeuteredat Exetnr 
O>lli-p>on HSJuly l<^Jr>. and graduated B.A. 
\'2 Nov. IU;'7. He epeakt, in a ai&r)nnBl 
note int^rpotntsd in the work noticed bdow, 
of rcliiming to the mlte([»i after a twetr« 

E tiara' abMncn, apjinri-'ntly in lfl<lff. fa 1624 
e COinpowKl in hia Ifiinufn ' .\ I'ontieol Ilela* 
lion of the Voyaite of S' Iticlinrd llawkin* 
[q. v.], Kniffht, unto Hktk del '/.■at' and 
'Hislorr of^Uie yaar 1688, w"" other Hi»- 
t*}riual PaMaKM at theM Tyinos (during tb« 
Itaigne of the B. Q. Elizabeth).' Hawkiiu'a 
•Rcouiii of his voyngi- (•> the 8oulh Sea 
hml luxm puyi«h»d in 1623. Kidl#y'a ]h'«ib, 
whieh i.* now iimnne th« loniiaaCTint)! at the 
Hrltinb Miueiim (Sloann Coll. 2021). and 
biL* nol. beL>n printed, in enlitW 'Kidlny'c 
llnwkini.' ll wni dnignad to be in eight 
boukti. but nix only trvrv compleU-d. Kidlcy 
rvfer« lo other attirmpto mode by bim in r«t9(-, 
both at Oxford and at Dartmouth. 

[Wood'a AihiiuiB Oion. cd. Itliai. ii. 367-74 ; 
Fo«tor'« Aluiiiiii Oa.,n. 15(1(1.1714.] T. Jl. a 

(1016-1701), merchant und bnptiit minister, 
wan bom iu l^ondon onrly iu 16)6. Ilia 
family iippi^ar* lo have bi^-n of Wolah d^ 
Bci'Ht. Boih bin pnrcnta died of llm pUffne 
whieh broke out in June Ki'iu. Ilia Eatuer 
left properly nhieh was luveated by aome 
rtdalived in their hu^^liieM; on their failura 
Iiitl» wns saved. Kiffin was apprenliced in 
1621) to John Lilbnmo(l«lft-l667>r5. v.i. 
tlien a bri.'wcr; he Ipfl Lilbumnin I6ill,a]id 
iii?eina lo have been apprenticed lo a irlovear. 
Id ihat year he nlteiid'Hl the n^nuona of many 
puritan ditinea, including John Davenport 

Lewi* du MoTiIiii 'i\. v.', Ital •!- 

!■■ If i-.cxt jtnr to John U»Dd«rui 

'It. Ilejoincfl K nli^iou-i 

■r of tliu MfMnlUl ciio|pv{;ali»a 

in Sf-iiithwarV hy llunry Jacob 

I iiiini«(«n*d to 

I pri'Mhetl oc- 

11-.-, ii'iriii^ i)i» DunislTy i>r 

(. t.J, 111- aiMl otbnra bccntne 

■ixlea (o t hi' putMulnr h»pli*t 

W«Mi!n|i, under John Spilibuir. 

\11 li.. UKP( urrvAti.'d *t a .Suulli- 

ii'l c<>U]Uiitl(*d bv Jud|;« 

l,i->ii prui>n, bkil twing 

- Iiimhftf (viminilti><l i<> 

!"i-.Tinjr Julv, wbnn-upoii 

tl Ou'irOiTt. JOIL' 


■ Ktl. L> IiHnifl Fiatlvir [(), v,] 

t lH>;nii IniKitituH in iroulliMi 

iiin! with l)<>nHn<l. Hit 

..'IDE. and hi' n]ieilly b^ 

' 'an parlinnwntarv 

rortu- i.«'X. In ]«lll bi- 

. ii.i yciwWffraci' bcroiV 

I ■• of rntrii'tiuan upon 

■■-■\-. In lUuL'.un tbu 

-,ha gained n»oni-Y 

^' rM)ui»it«« fiw ibo 

Mnuiwbil? Ilr VIU nuniuin)[ 

FiiiH'iin. Hi* naiBv IkiuU in 

'.1 • oolilcMoon of fiith 


lial ftiubapCuDii.' jMhiM RtL-nfl , 

_^ iill«m4iin>,«ii»chMlhiDi(ltt4>i) 

Tnixl ' ■ ■ ■ of Ihi- WptUts. 

ThMDu f-^oiF: i>lT)r<].v.]MuiUd 

' tiH'ljnnk, ati'I ft* odtiM- 

. i- I'*"''**''' of unctioa for 

< -ilk |V'''w/rinui, ill. 19). 
udlii halt irlfrrr't in vniii | ITt Nov. I'M i ) tu 
riiu i-i,M,r> <,, i.i:..iv „i[|, l-jlu-ardii iu hia 
pbur- ' !-'»'■'). H"*join«l 

1 liiihlic itiapatn- 
■iintn-, witb 
III I I . I Uadl'llll (Inrw, 

T>J lu Jaiiiury I'klll (luliUUcnl, 
Inn i«'(lli..n from Ipinicb, K»t* 
iu any )Kin of SillGilh. 
rmiitiv with Tli<ina« 
■ . I' . -in. 

I ME 't\ n "4 ill* -IT'. lh':jjh';][ with 

inifHliiia, wliich, <ni 1 -Miiroli lfW<, 

' ' in Mi.rtiii){-biUiiM 

' /lOfkni, is u*imUv 
•I.TIM l(M»K>ffin 


r« fronj "apjiiiig 
llaUy eloMi FiwimiinMii. (hi 13 July I6M 

KiCin wn" bruugbt htitoK Joliii Di-thicli, tlui 
I'ifd miTor, fur {iivnchiug thnt iiifunt Uipljaii 
wm uiiliiwi-ful, n bwMy viuUil nitb WfveM 
jn-nnltK-) uDdcT tbn 'dmmnick OTilinsnce' of 
llU.H. Tbu exiwuliim c>f th<- pcunlty (poms to 
havr-bt-t^n iiidi^finilvlvpodijioiKHL A cciittiii)- 
par«rT|>aiii|ih1vl ('llii? Spiril of Poavculion 
wain lirrvkn l.oo*«,"Ae., itiriri, Jlo) oiulni«ta 
tlii* Icttinntry lo baptii-ls nitli t^e MVcrilj 
lucd towwd* John fUddli> >'q. v.1 

Butwei-i] IBiM and Itt-Mt Kiflin is *|K<)taii 
of a* captain ntid lifatPonni-roIoDid in tlio 
fioaiton Euilitk. Tki* may kocuiint for hi* 
srr««t, Riid ilie aebton of unn ai Li* homx 
in l.iitL) Moorfldds, abonly bvfurv llur Uv- 
■liimtifln. in IfiW, by (it<ler of Monck, who 
n*ii* (|iinrtomJ mmt him. 11* wm ivletuud 
by nrdi-r of thn common council, niid i.Im 
; nnnn wi-re rmtured to him. .\ more luirious 
tnmbli? bvfrl) biin later id tbeyruT. A forjiiid 
letiin-. daivd 2i Dtc. l&H), n-nA prornuiii); to 
ooni* from Tminton, itnnjicaii'd litm in an nl- 
tn^oA plot, rnllowmK Ibt- (li-ocli of ihu Prior- 
<wMoI Oriuini (iSJller.) I[oirwan>i4tmloLi 
l'yitpc.,aU(ik(-ptinth«suard>lionii4-nl Whiiiv 
liall, bttt ft'lcuuxl on SI IW. by rSIr liiiWrt 
V'Mn ffj, v.], ihe cbipf jiutLtv. Ih" dnliA und 
oibrr circumaiuicei nruving ifan k'lii-r ii for- 
Rory- On 7 Jan- 16ol V«niuir'ii Iiisurroctinn 
fimluioul. Kiflinsl onoebwdeda'iirolusla- 
tion'nf liiwdnn biiptUi*,l)ul n>tverlhvlFdi wii> 
lumli-sl nt bit m>v-ting-liouw nnd drtjiined 
in prinoB for fonr day*. 

About 1003 iMjnTt) evidence bcfor« a 
romnitttM of ihe Hoiiw of Cummotu, and 
ti^fom iImi privy counc-il, Againsi gnutlnt; (o 
tbi> ' llambnrg Cimjiatiy' n monuptdy of the 
wnollrn triidi niib (IdIUimI and Owmany, 
Ilin i-(i(lrnoe ii hiJ Io havn [vrmRni'iitty 
ini|im9>.'<l ChuTlni II in hi* GtTonr, anil Io 
lia^-tf gainiyl hiiu lb*.' gruodwill of (.laivndon. 
A yoar ht^ he van ttrrmlifd al th<! inatnnc<< 
of Cl«org« VilliuN, Mcond duku of Uuckin^i- 
liatn [4]. v.1, on *UFpidon of being eoncvrnwl 
ia an anabaptiM plot atraintit tb(> kin^'a life. 
III! Nddnwrd n l«it«r lo ('Un'ndoii, and waa 
St onoe iv]i!ii.-Hxl by the privy council, nni! 
though a jiroMPCutiou wan llirmb'nrd nolliic); 
caiue of It. On two occnn'MiH, in ItlTil Mid 
Ith^w', KifHo, wben proiK^-ntid f»f cuivn- 
tirtn>h>4ping, MCCOddtilly pWudnl twhuicol 
flaw* in Ibii prwivHlin)r>. On twaolbi^roc- 
i'a.iiniiii loiui ID IH7.^))m) (ibtain«d int44'view« 
nilh ib« kinR, «ccunn£ Ibc *uppffT»i.ioa of 
a lilwl BKaiait. bsptiita, and Ihc uonlon of 
Iwnlva AylMbury bnpiUi* who uad U-i'U 
wniaticedtodcalbiuiderS&Elicc.l. Crosby 
Mn\^ that ChsHM wiintcd n tnao of JO.CNXI/. 
from KiHin, nbo made him a pniMal of 
\0,()0OI., and >aid aftomard* that Iw hod 
Ibtia uved 30.0001. In IVTfi ha took port 





in h Kheme for minieWrinl edurntioii among 
baplLiU; and in the fotloirin^ ^ear went 
iuto Wiiwhirn, to tid in dealing with ihu 
Sociiiinn tmidende* of Tbomiui Collier [q.r.] 
In 16H3 hii liouw? wan •uuivhetl on suGpicIou 
of liin complicitv witli the Ryv llouifi plot ; 
bii *oiiMa-mw, Jotuph Hayes, a bau1[>>r, wa« 
tried for retaitting money to Sir Tlinnia^ 
Armslroiig [q. v.], and narrowly (leaped with 
Lis life, * ft jury of mwrchanta' (BdtiketI w- 
fiuin^ ti convipt him. Tmnsonnble k-ttf rs 
wpro forwordi-d lo Iviffin : hu nt once placed 
them in thf hunda uf Judge Jvflrcya. Two 
of hia grandsuuB, Iti^ujaniu and Williani 
Howlinff. the formor being jnel of aaw. wyrc 
i-XL-cuted (Benjnoiin at Taunlon on «) Si-pl,, 
WilliaiD at I.ymn Ui-pa on 13 Sept. IdNS) 
for havina; join<'il the MoninoutU rnbiillion. 
Kiffln offiired :i,OO0/. for thoir orquldal, but 
' miHtnd th? riglit door.' not having gunu to 
JeRrnvi. Till- latter is said to havi? rL'marl£ 
to WiLiam Hi'wling ; ' You hav* a grand- 
father who d.-Borves lo bo liangt^d as richly 
aa von ' (ef. ^[A^n^LiT, cap. v. popular «lit. 
p. SlU). Though his near re la I ivs wrrnthuji 
involvid, KiHiii hiiniwlf woa neit hiT a ploU«r 
nor, in any aolivi- wnsi-, a polilidan. 
.On the n-voe«tion (lOM) of ibu edict of 
DtHA, Killin maintained nt hl» own ex- 
i an osileil Huguenot family of rank. 
I DDui OB conBtitiilional and on anti-popith 
nrOQJtda he r^rused to avail hinisf^lf of 
James Il'g iliclaralinn for lihorty of con- 
acience (April IUS7),nnddidnlt in hi* ponor 
it; not a ninRle baptist congri'giit ion admitted 
ihr diipiuising pnwi^r. I timiirh prominent utdi- 
viduol baptihis did, e.g. Niditniiah Co.l. Ill 
Auffunt llJor JamoB sent for Kiffln to court, 
and told him Ix- liiid ini-liid^'d 111* namo nsnn 
alderman ftir ibn ciiy of Lnndnn In his new 
chartiT, Killin ploiidod hia age and rrtifw- 
munt from Uiu'int.'H, and remlndi-d the king 
of the dentil of liiii gramlaons. ' T shall find.' 
anid JumtB. ' a balsam for lliat rare.' KitHu 
waamit int'*lh"comoii**ionof the pace and 
the lieiiieiiiiiiry. lie delayed four months 
b>'riir>' (jualifying nn aldi-rmnn, and did no nl 
li'iiji'li 1-7 "I't. IBSTi hiiC-aiUHi llicrii wan no 
limit til the fine wliicb might have been itn- 
iioaod on him. He gavo GO/, lowardn the 
lord mnyor'a feoat, but would not have done 
•o hod U« known the papal nuncio (Cardinal 
Ferilinand Dada) was iiivileJ. For nearly 
a year he held office M aUlernnan of Ohenp 
ward, Iwing sucrend^d on 21 Ocl. IBW by 
Sir llumplircy Kdwin [<]. v.] 

A(V<Tf iliodnnlh of rniienca(lS8R)he wna 
MuiitPd in lii» miniiiirv bv Daniel Uvke 
(1«I7-UWH1 [ii. v.l and RicVnl Adora»'(rf. 
1716). lie rusigned bis charge bi lti9l>. Be 

died on 20 Doc. 1701 in hi* eiKhlv-!>>xrb 
vear, and was buried in llunhilt tt^ldi; llw 
inscription on hie tomb is civen in Sto*'« 

■ Survey/ ed. .'^Irjpe, 1720. IIi« portrait WM 
in lMl^inthop<M«cieionof the l{«v.Hicb«rJ 
Froat of Duiimow. Bmax, a duweudant : tn 
engraving i» aiTtn in Wilson, and repr-xluivt 
in Ormo and Ivimey. He marrietl XtU ia 
Itt.'M ; his wif«<. Hnnna, died 6 Od. Uiiii. vl 
net. Hia eldml aon William di«il .<tl Aug. 
l(MS, o^d 20 ; hie second son died at ^'cnuh 
and wua suppospd to liave bopo paiaomd: 
Harry, another non, died on B IW. KB*. 
Bfted 44. Hia daughter Pris^illA (d, lH March 
1679) married Itobert Liddel. 

KilRn published: I. ' A OlJmpM oTKoiV 
niorv.' Ac, Iii4l, 4to. 2. 'The Chrirtiw 
Man's Trial,' Ac. HUl (Axotm). 3. '(*- 
■"frationa on Monoa ii. 7, i*,' *c., 1(U2 (I'i.) 
4. *A Lotter to Mr. Edward*.' Ac, IttW, 
l^o(dBted loNov.) fi. '.\Briefe Kemoo- 
airance of the . . . Orounda of . . . Ana- 
baplista for tlieir Separation,' kc, I04o, 4l'> 
(answet«d by Itlcrsh in 'A I.Mkin^gUM 
forth*. Anabaptists,' &c., lfi4JS,4to). fi. *A 
&e., Dli.'), 4to (by Killin, llanMrd Knnlirs 
[q. v.], and ileiijamin Cos [a. t.1) 7. ' Wal- 
wyn's WileK.' ice.. I(M9 (A?) 6. ' A I-e<Ier 
to ihu Lord MtTOr, hy Lieut.-Co1< Ktflln,' 
kc, lH-'tVi, fol. '0, -A Sobw DiwoarM at 
Right lo Church C-ommuntOD,' Ac, IffSI, 
12)110 (against open communion, in rvnly to 
Diinytn), He n-roKi prrfacM to an rxli'liAn 
of Snmiii-1 [Ton-'« 'The Snllioiency of the 
Mpirit'a TcachinR,' Ac. ItMO, 4to'. aiul to 

■ The tJuakiT* Appeal .\n»weii^,' Jtc, 1(174, 
t<vo: and edited, with a ooniiiiuatioti, ibe 
'Lifecif llanserd KnoHys,' li«t^, 8to. He 
Kpell hla name KilTen and (l*<<'r^ Kifliii, 
which if* the form given in iho HJit direc- 
tory : F*inlley calls him Oufin. 

[Killtn wrvlo his actobiogmpliy to IfiBS; tho 
rtimiiiicripl waa uaail by Wilaon, IflMratlnc 
Cburchos of Londos. ISOS, i, 400 ac)., and •dit«l 
1<y Ofdio at Rniaarkiblo PuMgca in the life of 
William Killlii, IH23 ; It la alao inoorponuad id 
Ivimny'aLifsor Kitllii. 1833. 8m aim Di*ean,TM 
liftiFDen Captain Kiffln and Dr. Ohambarlaia, 
lnfi4 : thK LifD'Hid Agiproouhing DmUi of Wil- 
LinniKiHin. l6fi<)(nnaliu*irspaniphlM): ItarnM* 
Otvn Time. IT'.£I. i. £i>e iK|. ; Eoglith I'mby- Klmiiitm^o. 1720, p. lit; Pike's Ancient 
MiHiriiiu Uottsi'-. Ifro, p, aS9: Crotbv'* Iliai. of 
EDglL.Ii liiipti«t.M, I73S-4D, i. SIS »).. ii. ISO h|., 
iii, if-].; Tmoti on LiWrtTof Con-cienpe, I8l*. 
p. 31fli lf.ri>nii of ltrQa<Imc»cl. BristoC 18*7. 


pp. x«ii, 123. Hti, K^: (kxifemioni of Faith (the 
Jail Ihroc lIiiiiBer\l Knollyi Soc), ISAI, pp. IT. 
2S, id. SIl, S'iH ; Mnmuliiy's llistorj; London 
l>]r«cloryi.tlfl77, 1878; Angua'a Enrly Baptict 
Author*. 188d.] A.Q. 




**t iai ind p«l wo-ptinicr, h.jfn i n Cnpel 8t n?e< , 
Ijublin, in I74r». wna only son o( Sninuol 
Kilfcum, arcUilwt. of Dublin, nnd SBr»li 
JolmsUB tm yritv. He shoirvd na t^ntly 
Utb) for dmrtag, mil wiu nji[>tviiticml to 
^^'n UaMM, an Rngiisli calico-priDtw *C 
ilip, neu l>ublin, but dcTOiad much of 
ht mro limn to draviiiK nnd (ngNving. 
Tb« lunily wu in iiolwrrHiuivl circunutaneu 
■I itie btheT'i death, inil Kilbun Mine to 
Landam, when he obulaed a ftood ule for 
I calico itMigTU. Healaobw^inencquaiiiled 
riili William Curtis [a. v.] th« bouniM, aikI 
^exvcutnl lke«xquieil4'platoiinfflowpr», drawn 
aad en^raT«<(] from nnturo, for Curt id'* 'Flora 
LoodtiMtiNtk.' II« va* able to return Ui Ire- 
land and (ntcbliiii molkrr and«i*t«r,MittUng 
with Uieta in ra)(e« Walk, Bifnnondwy. 
Soon adorwarda lie ■c»pt«ci tlie luaatfie- 
ment of N««toa'it calioo-priuling factory at 
Walliagton, Surrey ; afu-r «i>v«n T<«ni ho 
Mmliaaed Ib* hu*ineM. The Iwnulr nf hi* 
dHigna estahlUkiil him a* one of tint most 
MBinent cat ii'o-p rioter* in I'lumpi?, ami be ac- 
uuirad gT«al wraltb. Itr induced I-Mmuiid 
Itttrkc to intmduoe a bill iiilu purlin m^iit to 
wKurt- to calico-printers thw copjriglit of 
origiiial dmi(nu. lie di<!d at Wallin^n on 
L'SIW. I' hi»Mvvitiy-tliinly«ar. K\\- 
l)uni DiBrri^l i)i^ oldwl daughter of llioniii* 
Itruim, an ICaat India director, by wiiom ho 
ltd a large ramily. 

[tfaut. itf- ISIS, rii. lit; Welb'i Dom- 
paadiUM of 1/ioli Biofinphy.] L. C. 

KILBURSE, UICHAKD (1605-1678), 

KciitL-li lopotrnipWr, bom in 160fi, wa* the 

llftli aiid Toongc*! >on of liack Kilbume of 

Lrfmdnn.liy MarT.dfti^terofThoinai Clarke 

F iilalfTon ^\'■l<Ica, Eiaex ( Vuilatiui* <\fLi>n- 

, l«3S-r>. IIbH. Soc. ii. 31 ; Kti.noiritNi;, 

_ atfy «/ Kilir/um. peditrrena fadag p. f<). 

t« wa* baixi>«d, tl llct. leKM, at St. Harj- 

Voolehu rcb H nw < IU^ter$, rd. Hrookc and 

Jleii.p. 311). III! onlcrcd Staple Inn, lic- 

'<«aiaf> an ntiiiii<.-iil vnlidtor in chanciTV, and 

waaflrotimc* uniicipal of hia iun. By I'hll 

ba had «ntcrod into poeaeaaion of Fowlvn», 

an Mlato in the ^ridiof llawkfaur«t, K«ut, 

wfaielifaegTcally improTvd. Aaa J.P. fortlin 

eajtaXj L« waa dspntad for thivn or four 

I y eajB duriBg tlMcommoB wealth locitlobralc 

^■■rHldinp> at ilawVhunit iricboul Mcred tit«tf, 

^^■ut married only two oouples (Archttolo^a 

^■ChnfMM, \\. -ina). Ib 1060 lie apciean as 

^^^Irward of tin- mauoTS of Brede and Bodiam, 

^^OiirifrT Ib ItiSi be pobliah^ aa an fpitom* 

cf a larger work ' K Driof Surrey of tho 

OMNty of Kml, rii. thn natnca of tbo 

(nUbea ia the umc ; in nliiit bailiwick . . . 

and liividioB . . . erery of the- salA Parialita 
13 ... i ibe day on which auy Maiket or 
Faiivialiapt therein :tbeanci««tDt&tc6 of the 
nuisb Chnrcbea, jtc' (obloDf; quarto) ; it is 
oxeMdingly rarr. Two ysan later Kilbumn 
mtli . . . hiatoriciUl,aiidutlitrmattvni touch' 
ing the tame, iS!c.,'4to, Londou, 1069, to wliJc-li 
his portrait hy T. Qroea ij affixed. Allhou^'U 
mo«tIy a moagra nuctieer, the book coniaiua 
much curioua inforniaiion about Kilbume'a 
own pari^ of Ilawkhurat (cf. ib. x. 59). 
Kilburuc was uUo author of ' Choict! I'rcw- 
denta upon all Acts of Parliament KlatinR 
to the ofllce and duty of a Juitice of Peace 
. , , oa alao a more uaefull method of making 
up Cnurt-ItolU tban bath been hitherto 
known or publiihod in print,' of which a 
third edition. ' rery much imUrtcrd.' wo* 
ImadepublickhyO. F. ofOray'it Inn. ^J^.,' 
in I4{<&, Vimo, London. An eighth edition 
apneared in 1T1&. 

Kithume died on 15 Not. lO'S, awJ "4, 
nnd wai burled in tho north chancel ofllnwk- 
hurst Church, where thnro ii a Hat stone lo 
hiamemorr (IliSTED, Ktnt, fol. od. iii. 71). 
Heniarrii'cl.finit.ElimbL'th.dntiphtcr of Wil- 
liam Dary of Ik'ckleT. Suwcx. by whom he 
liod aix Boua and tliive daughlent, and m- 
condlyi in 1S)0, Sarah, daughter of Jamesi 
Short, and apparently widow nf one ItircheCt , 
who brought him no iaauo (cf. Kilbume^a 
will rematerod in P. C. C. ft. kin(r>. .V por- 
trait of Kilburae wui rneravod by ( noh 
(Kvan, Cat. <if Emjraied J'urtralU,'\. IP.^). 
Afuwof Kilbumu'fl k-ltcrs, prvwrvcd amcrng 
(he Frewen MSS. at Itrickwull. Nurtliiam, 
Su«aex,hav« been printed in' SusaexArcbao- 
logioal Colleciiona' (xri. 30*2-4), 

(J. It. Smith'* Bitil. Ckntiana. p. 4 : Suutrx 
Arirh. 0<I1- ii. IST, ti. S96 1 Omueer'a ]»<«■ Hitt. 
of Knglaod, 3od idit, iii. IIS; Itarria'a Legal 
Bibttography.] O. O. 

KILBYE, nrCIIARD (I5II1 P-l(i20). 
biblical scbulnr, bum of biuiiblo pun-ntage 
at lEntclitfe on the W'rr'itk, I.^ic(.'flterghin), 
aboiii I6I$I, matriculated at Uxfon) from Lin- 
coln College on 20r>"c- 1577, nnd uaselecleil 
fellow on 18 Jon. 1577-S (Oj/ Vnii: lirp., 
Oxf. IIi*t. Soc., vol. ii. pi. ii. p. 75, pt. iii. 

f, 77), He wail admitted B.A. on 1' I>cc. 
r.7l», M.A. in lr.82. U.n. and D.H. in loOK 
(iA,,ig8.2<).1). Oil lODw, 
IfiOO he waa elected rector of Lincoln Col- 
lege (Lb Kbvb, Fiuti, cd. llnnly, iii. ftd7), 
and becama prttbondary of Lincoln Cathndral 
on Se Sept. leOI (I'A. ii. \m\ in leiO he 
waa appointed rvgiua proftsior of Hebrew 
(A. iii. 614). Uo died on 7 Xot. "iVSG, and 


1 02 


was liuried in Ihe collefce clioncfl of Alt 
Saints' Cliureh, Oxford. By his will he gave 
to the parinh a. double^lt chalicu and liOt, 
to buy a silver-gilt palen. Both utenallB 
are still in iifie in the church. 

Kiibyi", who was an nblp preacher, pub- 
Ii«hpd B funeral sfrmon on Thomas Holland 
(rf. 1013) [q.v.], 4to, Oxford, 1613. Ho was 
one of the tranalatnraof the Dible appointed 
by James I in 1G(U, and took port in thy 
version of the prophi'tical books, lie wrote 
also Latin commi'ntaries on ' Exodus.' part ii. 
of which came into the possession of \\ illinm 
Gilbert, fellow of l^ineoln, and prepared a 
continuation of John Mercer'a commentary 
on 'Gi'nesia' (l.}98), but was not allowed to 
print it. 

[Wuud'u Atlicna Oion. (Bllsa), ii. 287.1 

O. G. 

EILDABE,Eakl.<iop. [SeeFiTZTiiOMAs, 
Jons, rf. laiti, first Eabi. ; Fitzoebald, 
Thomas, (f. 13l'8, second Eahl; Fitzoerald, 
Maukicb, 1;!1(*-1390, fourth Eakl; Fitsj- 
OERAi.o, Thomas, rf. 147", seventh KARt; 
FiT/UERALii, Grkald, d. I'ilS, eighth Kabl: 
Fitzgerald, Gekald, HS7-l-'>-H, ninth 
Eaki, : I'lTZOEBAi.D, Thomas, 16i:(-irj3r, 
tenth Earl : Fitzoerald, Geball, l-'jiV 
159">, eleventh Earl.] 

KILDEUTH, ROBERT (rf. 1^73), chan- 
Mllor of Seollaud. [See Keldelbth.] 

KILHAM, ALEX.\XDER(1 76i-l 7m, 
founder of the ' methodist new connexion,' 
was bom of mothodist parents at Epworth, 
Lincolnshire, on 10 July 176i. .\8 a lad of 
eifrliteen lie workud at Owston Ferry, Lin- 
colnshire. Returning to Epworth he joined 
the -Melliodist Socii^tv, during a local revival 
of mothodism, and began to preach in his 
twenty-first venr, hia tir^t sermon being at 
Luddinglon, l.incolnshirB. Inl7(*3hewaaen- 
gaged, as truielliiiR companion and assistant 
in preaching, bv ItohiTt f.'arr Drackenbury of 
Roithhy Hail, Lincolnf^hire, a gentli-man of 
fortune indeliea(ehealth,and one of Wesioy's 
followrrs. Kilhiim travelled with Uracken- 
bury in Lincolnshire, and accompanied him to . 
Jersey, where Brackeubury conducted a mis- 1 
Bion. 'in June l"f*i they returned to England. ! 
Brackeubury was admitted on the regular . 
list of itinerant preachers at the conference ' 
in Julv. Kilham, on the advice of William I 
BufRn'n, had applied (G June 17H4>, and he 
was regularly admitted at the conference in . 
Julyof thefollowingyear. Howasemplnyed ' 
in the (Irimsby circuit, where he encountered 

Siposition from hia patron's brother, Edward 1 
rackenbury, vicar of Skendleby, Lincoln- ' 
dure. To secure hia position he registered 1 

liimself under the Toleration Act. His ap- 
nointmenta for the next few years were m 

On Wesley's death (ii March 1791) Kil- 
ham, though under thirty, at once became 
an energetic leader of the party opposed to 
the restriction, in the interests of tlie esta- 
hlishod church, of methodist operations. In 
Slay 1701 the IIull circular, oRtciaily issued 
by that circuit, advised methodiats not to 
rank themselres as dissenters, but to meet 
only out of church hours, and to receive the 
Lnrf'a Supper only in the parish churches. 
Kilham prepared a reply ( anonym ous>, which 
was adopted by the Newcostle-on-Tyne cir- 
cuit. He repudiated Wesley's personal dic- 
tation, on scriptural grounds, and argued 
that methodista were dffai-to dissenters, and 
their preachers qualified to administer all 
Christian ordinances. The conference at 
Manchester in July passed over Thoma< 
Coke, D.U.L. [q. t.], the conservative leader, 
and elected as president William Thompson, 
a moderate man. Kilham was appointed to 
Newco8lle-on-Tyoe, where he woa ordained 
hy Joseph Gownley. The latter had been 
ordained by Wesley himself. The preachers 
in this circuit began (January t7!ti) to 
odminister the Lord's Supper. An angry 
controversy ensued, to which Kilham con- 
tributed a printed ' Address.* He was sum- 
moned to the 17EI2 conference, held in London, 
and censured for his pamphlet by a large 
majority, Coke even moving his expulsion. 
The conference transferred htm to Aberdeen, 
where he was stationed for three years. The 
conference of 17fl3 conceded the right of 
preechere to adminisler the Lord's Supper 
under certain restrictions. 

In lTSUKilhamwrote,but did not publish, 
ft jiamphlet, signed ' Martin Lulher,' de- 
nouncing the hierarchical scheme drawn up 
at a private meeting in Lichfiald [see Coke, 
Ti{oiiA8, D.C.Ij.J. and was especially severe 
on Alexander Mather, whom AVesIey had 
nrtlained in 1788 as a ' superintendi>nt.' The 
171M conference was marked by fierce de- 
hates ; an address on the sacrament question 
presented by Kilham was ordered to be torn 
up by the president. The resolutions actually 
arrived at went too far in tlieir concessions 
to suit the conservative leaders, and a stormy 
agitation was raised throughout the bodv- 
Kilham published apamphlut, signed 'Aquila 
and Priacilla,' going over the whole ground 
of controversy. Shortly before the confer- 
ence met in Manchester in 1795 he issued 
his ' Martin Luther ' pamphlet. During the 
meeting of the conference he printed another 
inManchester,signed' Paul and Silas,' vindi- 
cating the progressive nature of Wesley's 

int ur)ciniulton. Tlir c^iiif'-n-iKw 

v'pUn (if i«<-iBc*l>oa,' which KiU 

llioiwfil had 'ill apgiMnuiciF nf ilu- 

ttn wifbed 10 rvnuin in t4c<>lUn(l, 

_ HMif.'iviirf B|i{wiiit«l bim lo Alii- 

I N^-ffthtiroln-rliiiid. Hvre liu printyil a 

[T 'Tlic rroKTtts oCLibwiy,' 

i: . recuf^iiit iua of popular rigbta 

I l.l/;,'•Ill^All<'^ of mi^diodiMO. For tbia 

ariBicn^l h-t'ttv siiceeMivn diitrict 

,liiti iWtM<>ti«'a8rfr*rrmltothi'con> 

Kilkaoi umuin'hiU' unuod scmal 

' paB)|>bl't>, indmlinK an ' Appeal ' to 

hwvirauil i:ii Miiy I nil). 

poul'i-iviiro »f \7\ii, Ii«ld in London, 

< pfun-Hol ('■ <ry Killiira on cliar^ 

|»<I ri,i Mri vnriiHi-i piilltrntioni), winch 

iiK-il an imdan ]iri[HiTti<m of 

li Mpn-MionB UL • ptrnxntiag 

I,' apiiixnl to iuHlio(li*t U«dcni, bu wu 

lo rX]<Uiii, bill not tu witliilraw. 

*^at lifttiO, bii a<{itat>on wn.4 linwed, 

Uiivll, a« illn»4ri.-il by t hii p<>l il leal 

lit Tliainnit Puine. Aftur thmo 

ho WBd t»-mb>oiii--<l by a iinani- 

I nitr, aail xib'iBiily ' <Mp('ll>-d from Uie 

nnion,' all ibc ptvteit^* (nbout Mia 

-' ' ' :!iui]inc[ iip.oiulaaohaae 

of (Thi proeMilBig by 

, „ ,i.di n*a* pUdcd nn tbo 

I-. Ivflbrta varamado 10 in- 

<-x[>r«M pniutmca anil apply 

Si« iUt* aflrr h» i^ximiiacia 

[in-«i'b'iila*kiii|twh<.-llier (li« 

n'cniniil liim TroRl tlw aocilllj, ODil 

I." [-I'-iiM rxiili n |v)iice nmoiiK <he 


r niib bim no 

.1 It't'.cr laxgUl bi»tal:cn Mao 

I.I iif fiLillt. i 1 nuiilo a POti- 

I'lj.inut, otiij mni a ii''lc)(aluin front 

V. Ncicolialioii wan nt an i^nd U 

.... . :. / -,„^ |)i,t hu miut biiid 

I ijif ptrifioalioii,' 
,.„ .,. .1, .Ui ni-K( few tnoiith« in 
bii ■ymiialhiwn in the north of 

t lit n, li.Vr. nrlhiir ou tllO *Ug- 

\w> b(^n n 

>ilii(l Monitor.* 

I • a wpatntion fmtn tli« 

' Fon WM talcMi nt l.e«dii, 

' ^'eil from ibc 

.Ml on 1 Max 

li: tier mot nl Ijrvda, 

III 'da lay iMrfpiin, 

iiiiBflf, Tlw r'H ifcrvnco 

.„-iinal ibo adiniiiMon of 

itliuTto iiaftvni neet- 

ii'VtiBi,'*, or lo form 'a 

..^"iaUtarfi.* On D Aiis. 

ilk Ibriw pMutlin* wbo had with* 

dmwii from ibv ^iiifn^iic. nwt a iiiiinberof 
Uyinnn in MbviH-'cr (7hn]>r), aR<l forcnecl & 
' Qi'w miTiliodiat roniwxinn,' KilliiiB Ih-coiii- 
inf[ ibe jivmtary. Thi- lirtal numbrir wlio 
juini-d til? new locicly wiu nboitl B>r thou- 
Ni[id. Kilbnm wnn now Blaliuncd ut Sbirflii^liL 
In Juntiiiry 1"W bift iiiiifpifiii<< amM«red ne 
tlip ' MelliodiHt New C'onwxinn Miii^Mino.' 
Tli» organiuiioa of ibn now Wly wiw com- 
iiltTiril al it" roiifrmw/t bcid in SbrlBnId nt 
\Vliitsuntidn I7W, wbiai Killinm wtia n> 
ni<iv«<) to N'tttingliam. 

lAlein 17t<S bu iindiTloolt a juamrv with 
a viow toextpndiii); bin cniitieclion iii WaleiM. 
HerMuTn«dioNotiinskamat tlt«i eud of N<i- 
VHtnW, compMvlf cjthtitftvd, ynt slnigulrd 
on with tame of hi* pngngemnnl*. Ili> dird 
nl Xolliiiijliani on :20 Doc. 171'S, al tli.i i-srly 
n|[c of thihy-«ix. Ili^ wiui burii'd in I lockk-y 
Cimpvl (now pritnilir' mulbodist), Koltiiig- 
liam. A niurblt- montitn-.-iil to hi« muraory 
wu rvniov-e>I (befint IKtfi) in I'arlinmeiil 
Slrcpt Clia|»-1, Nuliiiigbnm. Hi* |>orIriiit, 
Misravedby WX\>llHrd fWnnB liknnna tnhcn 
in l7R7, » prpfli«l f<. bin ' Lire" 1K*». An 
»ntIW <ii)^ivinfr,ftomadnwin),' Ub^nufltT 
dfolb. i* li.-9.t intialacliiTy. Hf ni&rrii-d, fini, 
at Euti-r I78«*, Sank Orey of Pwheriiiff, 
North Riding of YoAdiitw (li. I7!>7>, by 
wbom he had, beaidea duldrMi who dii>d io 
infancy, a daiij^tsr Sardh, wbo lii>(^«Tiin Mr*. 
Rillw; nDCondly.onlSADril 17nM, llnnniOi, 
dniiebtcT of I'-'tor Spiirr or SlioflUld, by wbom 
lin bad n p««tbuin<<ui daugblrr. wb'> ili>;il in 
infancy. Ilin widow. Ilamiuli Kilbnni, who 
became a iiusker«M, i« wpnrali-ly nnlin-i). 

KithuniV publications aavn only n dcno- 
minulioiiHliiit«r<fil. Had brlivn) if i» not im- 
probable that he tnighl have brout(1it biitiiuw 
connexion (DOW mitn1i(irini{i>vi.-r ibiriy tbou- 
aand tnenben) into n^uiiion with tbu main 
bodj. The auwiiiiit-tit couree of uvlhodiam 
nuy bo taken a* viadicotinf; bin nanr. He 
isjurvd il by Bb occaalonal rirulimce of najU'r- 
aion that was not in haranonjr with hiRgnncral 

[Life of Mr. Attxaadtv Kilhooi {IJW]. nn 
•Mablo^pbj will) adilitioD* ; Life^ 1818, luiiwl 
««■ orisinal malfiriii]* fuml»bnl by hb niilovt 
and dnnKblcr; Tu«n»ntd'« Altckii'lnr Killmm 
riHtie;; Myloi'* Chranalofnmt llirt. of Motho. 
ditti [17901; Tyirmnn'tl.iff tndTiista of Jiilin 
W<»t*y, 1671, iii. IW, S04.] A. li. 

KILHAM, Mb*. HAXNAII (1774- 
\W2\ minMciDary and Mudpot of AlVicsn 
laiiguagM, bom at Shpfli«ld uo li Aiiif. 1774, 
waa ppVPDlh diild uf Putir and llantuth 
Spiirr, rriprctabl* lrad*Bpeoiil* of Slieffintd. 
.utbnaab brou^t itp U • msmbrr of tb" 
etublutiwl ehnrdi, An wm parmiltml to 




Bllaod WMley'i t»r]y nirimmfr scrviFi>«, iind 
nt the ago of twenty joined iTie Weslej-nns. 
Ilrr mollier's di-ntli wlii>n aim was tm-tvu 
(1766) ptnced lipr at tlic lieail of tbt; liuuae- 
bnld, wliicb coiisUleirl of ber fallivr and five 
brotlien. Two yonrx sfi^rhHr futbi-r died, 
Hiid iha wo* Honl. lo u bonrdiiig-school at 
Chp»terfi*ld, wtinni eho mud" more r*|^d 

trogrMw tlian bor raiutfr appro vpiJ. On 
L' April I"ll8»hn bi-cruno llic wworid wife 
of AloxaiidiT Killioni [q. v.], founder of ibo 
'in«tIiodiHl tiBw (.'ountxi'iD,' vrliodied ntNut' 
tingbnm uiglit. moutlu Iul<>r ()M Dec. 1*98), 
Mm. Kilham tli^r«<upoii opened a day-«chool 
In NottingliAin, fijionditii; tlifivivstionsatRp- 
W'Wlli.hdr bii«liflnd'» ■■nily home. Tliero fli" 
bwnmn lU^'iiiaintc'd with ihn qunkr^rv, and in 
1R02 joined llifirBcicifly. Slio ri'tnmfd to 
KlinlHidd, nnd iWigli olill lancliinR, busied 
henielf in pliilnntbropic worh. tiiia <iri);i- 
naleda Socit'iv for IU<.- lti>lliirini,'i)i'lbpCL>n- 
ditioo of l]ie l''o<>r, ^liicb proved a model for 
many otkero. 

Tn 1^17 Mn. Kilham commRnci'd to tiiidy 
t lit! licit, mi-iin.1 of rrducinft tho unwriilpn 
liioftiiuifct 1)1' Africa to print, to thni llie nu- 
tivus miclil l)L> iiiHlruclcd in L'hristitLnity, 
snd nruiluced an «1<<metitary ifrniuiuar fiir 
itie cliildron in tniteioiiari' scbnoU al Sierra 
Lpoup, From twn nuiivi> Africon Milore 
who wcro Iwing filiic'iti'd nl Toi.ti'nbain Mr», 
Kithnin acnnircd a trood knowlcii^e of the 
■laloof nnd Mundiujco Iuiikiio^ji, and in IBJI) 
irinlcd nni>nvmon*lv ' l-'irst Iis^oue in Jii- 

In Ortobr'r l923,undt.Ttboauppippsof the 
Friends' coniniiltw 'for pronnitiii|{ Afrii'nn 
iimtriictioti,' »h<- pailvd wilb t\\ree of tlicir 
tniMit)narie«i and Iwo nnliie Milora for 
St. MnryV, in ihi< (iiiiubia. Hero »he nt oiicp 
ftartrd a wliool. iind mndn honrlf n'lidily 
undmlo<id in Jiiloof lo tlip nntivus on tho 
CDWt. Sill- tttiiobi also at Sii-rro Lfoni-, and 
in July ISW. attar tliorouglily reconnoiirinft 
iLe fields of labour, «lic rHuriied 11 Eni^lnml 
to rppnri lo ih'i oominitliw of Frietid*. On 
lipr arrivnt »lin nt one pro<u>piled lo Trolxiid. 
Bnd «ni"nl unii-ral month* at. work under the 
'Itrilisb nnd Iriob l,ndir-»'Koci<-iT ' for rdirf 
«f thvfunine. On II Nov. IW7 "h* anr.n 
iD'iTt' ulojlud foT^ii'rnil.fOne.tJikint' witk hi'r 
n number of 'AfricanS('lioulTrai.'t(i'l London, 
Sbe viiiledFiwTown ncidiliiMillni,ijsrouiir], 
nnd in lilllemorp ibnn two niontlix put into 
nritjnjt llii" nitmitrnln and Icndini; worvln in 
t.iriinly'livdaniinnK<'>. Tboilntpof borhcnlih 
won rompdW Iiit to rnium homr nKniii, 
but on 17 Oct. IKI(lnheiii.>t out on licr tliird 
nod laet TOyap- lo I''ree Town, IluvitiK oli- 
Ittined |teni)i*»iou from tbv governor tu talt« 


ehorgw of all children roscii^d tmax «Uvo- 
ebips, Mrs. Killifun, with tb" aidof a matron, 
founded u largn school at Charlnlbj.a tn<iun< 
tain rilliLfte near Buthur<t, nnd irpMit tlio 
niny BeaaontliiTo with Iter pupiU. Shcthw 
proceeded to Liberia ( the Frre Htate). Tiaitol 
the acliooLt in Mouruvin, and armnrnd for 
wnding the cliildren of the mo«t iuiiuenlisl 
nati*«> to Ivngland to b» trained, About 
2:1 Fnb. lSti-2 Ao Hii!«d for ifit^m I.m>n«. 
Tlic viiMol WOK alruck by lishtning, and put 
back to Liboria, Mrs. Kilhum certT rv 
euvered from the ^liock, nnd died llirve d^ya 
afterwardH, at sen, on ^1 March 18S2. Then 
is a silhonetto portrait of her in the Vrienda* 
picture gallery u( Devonehir« IIunM-.Uishopa- 
gntfi Street. 

ItniidcB llin wark< nkoro mcnlionei] !ilni. 
Kilham wnii Ike author of ncvrrnl (tnnllcr 
cducniionol books; 'tkriplurr: Sclpciiiinii,' 
London, 1^17; 'l.edaons on Luuftuii^,' 1818; 
■Family MaAinu,* I8l8: 'Kinri hrMona in 
Spelling,' 1818; " Ile]>ort on a lieceni Visit 
lo Afiicii.' I«7 ; -Tlie Claims of We«t Afrw* 
to Cbrittiiin InElriiclion.' IA:t(l, &c. Il«r 
»tnp-dnni[hlcr,Mr».Snr«b Billf r of St. INit«*> 
bnrR. edited her memoirs and diaiiea in 1837. 

\L\t-> <•( Alixander Kilhum. Nuttingluuni 
IT^i); Memoir of Mr». 11. Kilham. by her •Icp- 
dHiiahtcr, i*. Dillci', I>indon. 1837; a Skolch <^ 
II, Kilham by Mr-. 0. I,. Kulfrrtir. I,om!ou. ISfil : 
Lcticn of ll. K., rtptinipd from ihc Friend*' 
Miigruini^ Londwi, 1S31 ; Smith\ Calalofiuv.] 

C. ¥. 8, 

KIUAN, f^Ai5-T (^. 607), apoMk ot 

Fruncouiii- [Sw; ("ILUX,] 

KILKENNY, WILLIAM de («t 12:56), 

bishop of I'Uy and kw-jier of the wal, waa 
pomibly n memlier of Ine Diiiham fojnily of 
Kilkennv, but was no doulil of lri*h dmcrnt 
(SvilTKW, Jtift. Jiurhnm, u. 220; Hint. 
Dunelm. Scripl. Tret, pp. Uxii, lx»ir, Ixxr, 
Surletii Sop.) He in finrt mentioned a* ono 
of the roynl clerks in 1^>Vi. when be waa »«nl 
br Henry 111 ou a miasian tu ihe emperor 
Frederic (Shirlbt, Ptiynl unit JtUtmrir^l 
I^ltrn, i. 4f!n, -jr.l), Soniolime pmviously 
t'>lL'4(Showa»mBdpnrrbdr>nconof rorcntfy: 
hi- oliin lirild Ihe pTnbcnd of ('onaumptn pi'r 
' MareatSt.raul'*, London (Li:Nl!Vi;,^l»Wi, 
I i. fjlW ; ti. »"!>). In 12iJl thf abbey of Tewkui- 
! bury hud to provide hiui nitli a bene&co 
I worth flirty miirkK (Ann. Mim. i. 147, liolU 
Ser.) Jielween Miehaiilnias 1249 and Fe- 
bruary i'J^ii he atiiut' ilie account* of Pet^r 
I'liacepore. one of the k''ep"P« of the ward- 
rohp. In IL'jO Kilkenny and I'titurdeltivallis 
wurelcmpo nirilvMitru»tcd with the »oBl(/ft>f. 
('^U4.:vlllen,lll,m. lul. SburllyancnvanU 
Eillieniiy received the Hole cbari^, neiunliog 






li> UsUJiew rwu> in tbv olhu! fear (IS'VI) 
^1*. 130), Vut certainly brfotv May l2d'S, 
wlicn it was ontrasted tcmpanuily to IV>ier 
CliMvPora and John de i«xiDStou, ■ becaueo 
■*^■illi«m di- KilkenaT wm ill^ {Rot. Fin,S7 
ill, m-U). Ktlluany iratagsin inwlo 
l in ili« follawing Jiil^ (Madoi, 
r, i. 00). Ualthrw ihins ip»lu of 
liin ia I3U m Bdorknml unccial councillor 
of th* kiii2, who va« thi-n linnounbly ili«- 
rliirainK tii« duties of chauo-llor (v. 404). 
At MichnvlDniB of tlu« year Kilkenny wm 
cbo«i!i) Liahup aC Ely, and tba roynl n»iii<nt 
WM gitnt to hia «lecticiD on 2fi Dec. IIut 
Itwiwipoo rcfignml tho maI on tt Jiui. V2^i, 
and on l'> Aii^. wnji coniweTatcd by Arcli- 
bifliop Bouifacn al Hcllcy in Savor ; tliu vei- 
formatto* of tbe mn-muny abroiut m Maid to 
haTiT aBUcrad tht^ bisliup* and \\iv caiioii» of 
CakMbiuT^ iib. T. 44U, t8A. MB : l.B Nevi:, 
L 3S9). KiUccBDy madepeao^witli tlipabbot 
of Raiiiacr i*«|w<eliag tbe ImundRririi of ttiu 
abbey and the opucopal pro^ny in llii! fena 
(Matt, PiiKi", t. '■70), and cavu tbi- monks 
tb^dxiTRlMvof .MrlboomandSwaffbam. In 
June H'Vl Kilkvnnv wu ap|>oiut«d to go 
n ainiiuion to ib« hingof C8«lile,amlf>et<ms 
) Itave departed next montli(F<r4fMW,i. SIS, 
JMonl «d. I He died at Surgbo is Spain on 
^S Bept., Bad iras buriml tb^n, but hi* Iwait 
vaa brou^t back to bo intcrnsl in liU own 
«■UlM!raI(M*TT.P»Ill^T.688). ByhiiwlU 
KilkMiay l*ft lii* dinich a eopr.nnd two hun- 
dred mark* for two chaploiiu to pray fur liii 
foul (WntRToy, Aastlia Smnr. i. tt"W). He 
xra* aWi a bnirfBClor of tli« bosiiital of St. 
John tbc Cvdngt'lisl al Cambrid^o (Mci^ 
LnraSK. Hi4l. Cmi: Camir. p. 233). 

Mntihow Paris oill* Kiltonny 'cnnccl- 
larit-fi,' b It Fo« tmn that ho bud onlr found 
two in.iancM in vrliich be i* called br tbut 
till*, both in 37 H«n. !H. l'.Jo3-l < /i./"™, 
i. 2SS ; Allirrr. Ititeif. p. 193) ; wbiU^ in t W 
(luittoncc pvnted to bim at the clow of hi« 
iKrvic* be ia docriWd a* ' C'u«to* Mgilli 
MMtriro Ka^»'iillw>X,Kttkr^rr,i. il). 
It ibifrefnm wcm* probabln ibat he wm 
kimnly keopvf . and not cbaoccllor. Mult hi-w 
Ptn» ihvcribra bim ba 'a trulv modt>i!i, 
ithful, nnd welt-rvud man, tJiilled in the 
jiou and civil law, liandMRiv in iiereon, and 
.oqlMfUl lUid prmleiit * ( V. I.TO, -Iftf). Ildorw 
not apfiear wLi'tbtT or no b*i wim n r.'lntivfi 
" the lander, iMo d* Kilkenny, who wan 
nci'mr'l la ibe riot at Oxford in 123S (A 
[JiBUbMr ParJ*fS«JU 3er.>: Fem't JodgMoT 
igland, ii. 3T&-T ; authohUoa quoted.) 

C L. K. 

KILKERRAN, Uri> ( 1 688-1 -o»),Soo|. 
tith judge. [Soc Fcboi'mox, dm JAXn.] 

KILLEN, JOHN (rf. 1803t. IriOi rebel. 
k>>pt an cni i ng-bou8o at ihecomiTof Tliomns 
Strwil, Dublin. Kitlrn was iirr«ted for parti- 
ripaiitin in Emmwt'n moifmL-iii tif 23 July 
lUOS. Uia trial cummi'noml on 7 Sept. bcfura 
Mr. Raron Daly. Two informura, Miuliocd 
Mtbafli'y uud John Kynn, pedlars by tradv, 
KVOTK ibHt on i!ie iiiglli of ifl Julv liiey were 
motbyanarmodmob.ofwhnm KilW witaone, 
and wrtv forcnl to tnkn pikes in thnir hand* 
and join ilioinsurrefiiion, Tbeynlso teniiHod 
loadelinite nel of eold-blooiledmuRleroom- 
mittedby KilWu bimxilf. Ou the other side, 
bowei'PT, nunerou* vritneMu*. among thMu 
Jamt^t army pvnMoaor, swore poAi- 
tivoly Ifant on the ronimonoemoilt of^th* 
oiilbrcnk, at ninn o'clock in tba availing of 
l^S Ju!t, Killon hnd looked bis door, and liad 
not only not fiononut himself, but bad tried to 
prevent others from doing so. He and sUT*r«l 
of the n'ilnciuv«, in fact, luid, il van staled, 
remained in the eellnr at Thomas Strvot till 
the rooming of ^IJuIy. Jame« Smith, Kil- 
len'a landlord, moreover miifled lo lii« cba- 
nctor for loyalty. Th« avidMCO in Killon'* 
favour was nbly xumiiiarixTd and commvntod 
on by Cumn, who (!i-fend<-il him. Tho jadge* 
howcTer, Hummed up o^iuiut the pTiaaner, 
and the iuiy Ijrou^fht in u vi-rdict of guilty. 
A eat^fui reading of tile whulu caao points to 
the fiuclusiou tlial lliia decisiou was eullrcly 
unjufli. KUlen protMted bitterly from the 
dock aeaiusl the verdict, but nn reTiri<'T«i ws» 
granted, lit wu esecuiivl on 108vpl. 1 W3. 

[Ilibcmian Ma)iiuii)c for 1803: Ki lieu'* Trial, 
is Howrli'* Su\a Tilala, toL uriii.] 

0. P. J£.T. 

iN^tf). Irish preobyteriun divine, »on of E«l- 
wurd Killeu, a mercliuut in Ballymena, co. 
Antriiu. wa« boni at Uallymena iin Sll Oct. 
IfJU. Hi« b">vhood won fj^nt ol Glen- 
wlieTry.Io whicn bia fatlii-r n'moved in I83j. 
lii^wnnprinripally taught hya privali- tutor, 
ami in I'ilJ eiiti:red ibn old Bplf/ut CoUnaet 
whetv be look tcrernl iictxm. At tho c!o*o 
»f bin fifth sfttdoo he was sent by the miision 
board of the gKoenO SMembly B!< a. misiionury 
to Camlin, co. Itotcommon, n-bi'ie he la- 
boured for two yearn. On 1!) May iJ^i* he 
was licensed to preach by the nmabyti-ry of 
Cnrrirkfergun, and on 2A Sept. 1)^50 wus or- 
dnined by the pivubyteTy of lietterkennv 
a* miniAicr of ^ird Kami-iton, co. DoneRBl, 
where bU putorale proved very ftucceisruL 
lu 1S67 he received a call from'tho oongr^- 
gation of Ballykelly, co. Londonderry, and 
wu installed there on SI March. He took 
a leading part in the I'btnr rvvival of 1HS9. 
In Ir^^'i ho became ooo of the miDi*tor« of 

BoLfosI, being inatiUIvol on '2*i tV-b, as liiv 
fir»t minUtrr of the new buncwrn Cliurcli, 
wbicb pri>»)H.'n.'il to mtieh tiud^lilacuetluit 
it wui iwiof ('iilai)jv(l. ]I« rose tolw one at 
tho fun'iii'ixi »oel««iaatic« of llie Triah goneni 
atsombly, of wbicb in 18A2 bs vran d4ct«d 
ino<lernt«r. In 18>>>1 iho dngroo of I>,I), wiu 
confom^d na liini by tlio pPMbvtpriBn tb™- 
logirnl fnciillT (Ireland). THiicIicfil nuililtnly 
DD 2) Oct. 1H8C, Ii-uviiiK u wiJuw mid H-vm 

He wa« aiitkor of ■ A SocranK.minl Cnl» 
cbisni ' (lldfuBt, 1674), which ran ihroiigh 
8#vera)Milioii«,and WMWpublichriHnAnic^ 
ric8> For fiiiiryeart b^ ndiMd n moathly 
magasinn, tbo'Kvnnri'Hi'iil Witnr«*,'[in<l on 
ill Iklfuit hi^ wrote' much iu ite coliimnH. IIis 
also pxililishL'd scvvrikl surinciiu And trocla. 

[Ponuniil kaowIcdKa.] T. H. 

Tif«i<^^s mid jminlt-T, duughlur of Dr. H*nry 
KiUiBivw [a. v.], niiioler of tlie Savoy, tm 
bocn iu llJOO ill ^l. Murtia'a Lano, li^n- 
dou. eborlly Mok tbe KMtoratioii,nnd wu 
cbrit'f t'iK'il |iri vnif It, ilk the olHcei of llic com- 
mon iTftyiT WOP"' nil then publielj iiUowicd. 
IWfiilbi-r vnscUuiilnin toUieDukeoTVork, 
nnd in dih- c(>iir*e nixn^ bpcumt- maid of honour 
toMivryiif Mnileim, JuobcMof YorV; biit in 
IiM Iw'i-nij-fifth (or iw-miy-sistb H j-BurHlii" 
wan nltiidd-d by Tnial)-]Kix, and in Jiuii> I6S6 
•he di<'d in bcr futbcr's rooms in llii.' cloiat^M 
of Wiwi Qiin.-ter AblK-y. She waa burii-d 
10 June lUdo in llitt oJioncel of St. John thu 
Bnjilisl'B C'liHiiid in ihit Savoy (entry in iv- 
jjiBtrr, oonininnicnicd by ihnlatc Ucv. Ilunry 
WbitPl. AccnrilinK to tho OD|)y of ihi- in- 
(cription iipnn brr manuu3«it, and if'iwn in 
hrr wx-rnn of HWO, niiii-B deetruyt-il by fir*, 

•bI^ died on IU Juut. 

In llSSil u quuno volume, ' Pomns by Mm. 
Ann« Killigrew,' was publinbrd. 'io tbc 
htindr^l (iRiii^ of Venn* tbern ww nn-fixeJ 

flftpr 11 pnintiE(t by hi-rwlf, nnd by way of in- 
troduction tbort! wiLi Itryden'a ode *To llw 

tody, Mrs. Ann*? Killi)rH-'w, i-xcpllfnt. m th« 
two»i»tetart»of I'ocM'aiid I'ainiing." John- 
ton con«idi>Md ibis i«to ro be the noblosi in 
our langiLagit— a jadKnicnl tlicn buld nud 
now waroely intidliaibU. Her owu wrfen 
»n> forpittcti, but sbi! iit-m* to bavu been n 
woman of •ineero piety and murb elmrm of 
obanctor. Drydi'n utludrt Io piiintiiiKPi of 
Jaro» II and lii« iiueon by Anno Killisron-, 
and to pk'turvs of ooniilry •cpn'Tv. TUr™ 
of ber iiaintinK* aremeniionod inburpneMs, 
and six otbon worv> M>ld in her brother Ad- 


uirul KilligrvwV collpcliun in 17^7. Ilesiiliis^s: 
Decket's cMigravinK of Aiin« KilUgn'w, oi^^ 
engraving waa made iir Chanben from be^ 
own (lainting for WnfpoU's ' Anecdote* ^^B 
the •nmn nainling by ItlwlWing. LoWflda^^ 
TOEntioni largo'pnpnr (folio) copiM of An 
Killi^T'^Tw'n ' I'o<-m*,'wilh a portrait difli 
from tbai in tht ordinary copiu. 

[Ilntlnnl'fi MumoJn of tjorvral I«d!*a i>f G 
Kriiuiii. 1142. ty. 38T-(S ; Wonl'a At 

thu Savoy, 18(8, pp. ISg-SaS; Cibbiir'- 
ofllie Porta, il. 324-6; Oranacr's Bioi;. tlisr. 
1 77S, rol, iv. elam z. p. 130 : Boom and Conn - 
ncy'i Bibliothoaa Coniubien>i>, 1871. i. 286 ,•. 
WhIiwIs's Annedotca of Fainiing. tSI9, ii. 4BS, 
tn7; MiM K.C. Cbylon'a Hngliab FMnalcAr 
tints, pp. ao-TO-i G. A. A. 

TUHIilNE. Unv (lO.TOJ-I.Wt). a Il-wiuh! 
lady,wil'(*of Sir lli-nry Kiiligrew [q. t.l waa 
tbc fourth dnugbtt'r of Sir Anrbonr Oooke. 
knt. [i^. v.], of (iiddv Ilnll. ICmi-i, by Alice, 
dnughter of Sir Willinm Waldej^ive, knt,, 
of tSulfolk ( VuitatUin of Eupx, llari. iiae. M 
Publ, xiii. 30), Her tddvr aiafirr naa wifo f 
of 8iT Nichoks Bacon j^o, v.] Sbe i» said to 
huvu l>«>'B proflciMit in llebr«<w, ()r<<«b, and 
Latin. Sh(i niiHTiixl S\x llrairy Killigrt'w on 
1 Nov. l.W>, Sir John Ilaringion, in l^ 
i»ites to bivih xxxvii. of hi* Imniibitinn of 
'Orlando t'urio»(i,'haspreeQrivij tomn J.Atin 
lini-ji in wliiirli abe aakod her liMcr Jilildred, _ 
wifo of tVcil, lord BnrgMey. to tuw W influ» ■ 
cnce to gt-'t her hiuband t^xcuied from guingfl 
ununemboMy to I'rance. Tbe'vermuwore tw^| 

frinttid iu Fuller's ' Worthier.' Uo 'i\ Deo.V 
r>SI «h»gave binh ton Htill-bom child, and 
on 'Si ni>c. hbn died. Slin was burinl in tha 
chnrrh of -St. TbomiLi llio Ajinctlr, IiOndon. 
U WM biiml down during the Kreat tirv, but 
Stow, in hia ' Survey,' has pn»LTved the four 
I^lin iiutcripliuns on lier nionuincnt.includ- 
ins one b^- b«r«elf nnd one by Andrew Mel- 

viriL.(i5ia-iiW3) [q. v.] 

[I^ir Jijlin lIxrinKtuo'a Kotea to Orlamlo 
Pnrioai]; FuiltT'i Worthius; B&Uanl'ii Mcnaoii* 
of Lcnrnod \AiA\m; SioV* London; Hari. 3oe. 
Itc(,-iaii>r«. vol. tl.j ArehBoloe-xtUi. loo.) 

T. V. H. 

KILLIORBW, CITAltl.KS (16G5-i;iJB), 

niiLst^r of tbo rinelf, bom at MaoMricJlt on 
1.1) l)i<r. l(i'>.'i, TTitn ton of Thocnna killiervvr 
tbii iddop [q. T,"i. by his ancond wifc.Char- 
loltii, dnuRhtpr cif John de Xleime of IIol- 
Inod (ItOABB, Collectonea Contubienfia, ». r.) 
He wan i^L-ntleintLn of the privy cbauibeT la 
Charles II, lii7u, Jained II. 16(4fi,aud Wil- 
liam and Mary, 1680, maater of the rfvela 





fa Wn. MtantM of Umrjr Laiw TbMtre in 
W, *M woMtuaiooitt of prisu in 1707. 
Ut b(0 at Hontrrsrt llmim.-, London, ami 
TWnhuB Hall, Sulfulk. His varied ao 
^nimvoiU mn liiin ibo frJMiddunor l>rjd«n 
(dl IfnliMttcm of Jumuil, 1603, R. Kxiii), 
Qiuhnrjr I'nibaux, ami ollipr*. lie wa* 
tnwiiti Ibo Savov om » Jan. 1724 r>. l«avinc 
^Luwifp Jcnima.niecvnf Uifhard Boken- 
Un, BUM<cr, at Loiiilou, two wim. Charles 
U. I7M> ■nd Ouilfonl (will tvgisiereil In 
p.CU 13, Itomiivvi. Hid lihniy wu lold 
■■ Deeanbcr li>lli>wiuf . 

(Bmm ani Contit>(7's BibL Cornuli. ; Mal- 

«Mi'« Annnlau*. ff- ^^T. IBl : Nolu aod 

QVMiM, l« Mr. i. -itH. IIP : G«al. Mnf. 1S33. 

)■ II ; ttovnea'a Rowin* Aogtioisiu. pp. 19. 

M; Jfaaa7« fur Sn-rM SorricM (Oamd. 8oe.), 

Jill; Awldiij. 3<} Aptil 18T1.P.4A9: FJn- 

feniir* IliiL of the Ht«^; Cal. Stata fflpHr*. 

{WM.t<Br.; Addlt. 1dm. ItiOl. SUTlt ff. )C. 

17, l$£t> f. 3i 1 Cl)»ler'* loadon Marmgc 

Umww* (KoiilM). col. ;w>.] O. 0. 

KILUOREW, Sill HKXItY (rf. lfl(W>, 
diplomBlifil and •lalin.'undnr, wu* Uic Tourlb 
•on of John Killisrow of .\rw«iiaek, of aa 
old Corainb faiDilT, bj Eliubeth, Kcoail 
dkocliUir of J amp* Tniwenard of Trewenanl 
^pvdurrMUiVivux'A t'uitatioiuiifCimu^ll, 
p.369). Ilr WW prubablvoducalvrl ftt i'nm- 
Dridc*. hot thrn! id mi definite informAlion 
DtiUopoiDt- OuHKt'b. ICb^-^t lio watin.'- 
tnnwd mMnber of purliHrneni for Lnuncvs* 
ton (Mrmtert o/ Ikr ParUimtnt of England, 
pt. i.ji. 3TS1. He M«i*t«d Sir IVipf t■an:w 
fn.v.)ilIl.•R«»pinKl<ltbaea^tinent in Januarv 
16^^, and durinjr ihr rcmaindi-t of Mair'n 
KigB ajipmni to liarc iMwn in vxWt. IIh 
was ai I'nrii in .lul,T IGoU, wh«ii bo waa de- 
Kribrd \>f llie HnKlmli autbofitiM a« A nbpl 
tOil. Slalt Ittp^rt, for. Sit. IfifiS-S, p. 238), 
Sir Jamcfi Mciivilli< MaiM Uwt ' lUrry Killv- 
Kivw, an Knglis ^iiiltnan, my auld frimd,' 
Seld luabiiraeirhiUtii'Kot bis wuund iliviMd 
after Iur <«>cn{ir frocn t>l. (juriilin l Memoir*, 
p, 3S). Killiicn*** "M n>calM to England 
Ai ill* aoOMMOo of Elixabeth, and slie em- 
jdand hint on vtuioiiH dijilomaiic miMion*, 
mclwlin* one toO«n»aiiv m oonnMlion with 
nttflntiationn for s deCciioivo Uo^o. In July 
lw& bo w«tit fi>r a ibort timo l» aulat 
Tbroelnnarton in t'tanro. In Jiinv l-itHlbr' 
waa ttmX on a miMiion froni Blimbvih to ili« 
. QuwiiiifSmta,f(irlliL>'dvcUralionof»undry 
duBmiMMnwu^lo ben'fnrnwdbetwoenthem 
fiw Ihv pTMcrTMt ion of llif Ir amit v ' ( fniil ruc- 
tion* to lli-nrv Kill'iiww, Oil. SlaU fapfr; 
SeMt.iW. i, j.t-*!). H'-n'tiimi'dinlhnfollov-- 
inf j>)ly> aixl aftpr ih<; munlor of Dan)l|^ 
WW a|i:a(n M-nl to Scotland wilb a apecinl 
mtwagii 10 tha (jiw«n of ScoU, wUicb h« 

' dniivorod to ber 'in n dark chtunWr' (I'A. p. 

S43). l>n SO .\pril 11573 b» wai AteteA 

j M.l'. for TVuro. In Sejilftnbi'r ITiTL' lir ww 

Zin aent to ScolUud. in oiini'ction willi 
nt'gutiniiona for tlii^ surrender of the 
Qiiocu of Scots to ilxi ]imtu6tant loml*. 
, They catna to nntbin^', but Killi/ri'W ulti- 
mately Riiccood«d in jwniiiuliiifl Mliubrlll 
, to wnd an Knglinh (orvu to iu»iiit in ibr 
(icen of the CMtlc "f KdinbiirKli Hi- rv> 
mained in Scotland till iliu uuib' (rll, and 
in numerou* letlKra lo Durgfalcv mioutelf 
dvncribed tlieiiag«,aadthi» uwoiialiun* con- 
noctvd witb itssiunnder (il.ftcott.Ser.and 
For. f?er.) SnliMxitiontty he wbji employed 
in aiicilar diplnmntic miuion* in Scotland, 
riormnny, Franco, and thn Lnw Cntintric*. 
While in attcndani^r on tbc Kurl of Euex 
in KraopB bo wan kniRlitfd on 23 Nor. IBOI. 
llu diiHt In lilt- *prin([ of lOftf-S, Ui* wUl 
bciof* ptoved UD It) April. 

LU'vdfuIogisMKillijrrewinbU' WonUies' 
for liin learning and lit« nril'iic nrcoEniiliidi- 
in.^nt4. He ftald thnt, whiln n gooa mo* 
sicinn, be tsk cjmciitlly ikillr^l n« a yninter, 
bi'ing 'a Diirvr for pmpnnic«i; a OoIibu* 
for a boldtoucb. vat^t-ty of posture, a curiou* 
and truQ tbudnw ; an An^^Io for kin Imppy 
fiini-y, and un llolWiii fir "vl Wrtrk.?,' but no 
Britlit.iiiicalud work of hU linisb \n known. 
KiUiKKw gav« 140f. 10 Cmmnnud Cullepe, 
Cambridge for tbe parchase of St. NirhoDic 
lIoBlel, tne msierials of whicb wre npplii-d 
lo tbe construction of tli* lodgr for Dr. Laii- 
v«'nccClifldi'rinn[(j. t.\lbo first nuuter. Hia 
Ixndon pn*id<-ncp wrt» in Ijolbbury. 

On 4 Nov. iri6G Ki1titr<^w mnrri^'d in tliu 

I church of St. IMcr^li-l'dOr, I.ondnn, Cittlie- 

. rinc, foLirib daugliti^ of Sir Anthony Cooke 

' r*»e KiLLioKGW, CiniERiSE^ She died in 

I 158:^ and on i Nov. ISIK) ho wn» mnmnd 

' in tbe Mmo church to Jotl do l*oiKno, a 

j Frenchwoinau. Shewn* natnroliicd in -luni.' 

I IfiOl (ffl. Horn. Ser. IlSOl-,% p. TiO). and on 

[ li) April 1617 «bi! marrii'd Oiwriii- lloivn- 

ham fii, T.J. bi»bop of Uurrr (Boi>e, Collect. 

Conittiifiuia, p. 454). fly Ui^ first wifo 

Killifcrew had four danuhierti : Aiiti^. mur- 

rif'd Sr*l to Sir Henry N*viU»',ftnd «vondly 

loOenfyoOartelon [ij. v.J, bisli'tpof I'liiphw- 

l«r ; tvliinboth, marru'd hrai tn .sir Jonathan 

Trelawny, knt„»wondIy loSirTlioniiiB Itey- 

ni'U, knt., andiliirdly in SirTbomiiM I,ower, 

knt. : Man-, to Hir 1ti.t;iiiii1d Muhiui ; nnil 

Dorothy, to Sir Edwin Scyniour. By bin 

■poond wifH hif had a dnii^hl^i', .lane, and 

tm) Boni, Joaeph and Henry, ibn fornn-r of 

' whom, only ten year* of ■jje nt bin fnther'a 

deatli, soccecded'to tin- e»tm«>. 

I [A Remombnuim of Uenrr Kylltgrrw'it Jnur- 

I njB> In hor MnjnUy'* xwiw. uid l:^ oanmuuiid- 





tnaat from Lonlii Troiuamr. fn>m tliu tiixC jcaro 
of Qdmdo Huryi], i« prialvJ in I.i>oiiHrd lluwiird'* 
Collodion of liiioni, pp. 181-8. from iho liriiinb 
Muuum liiiui). MS. lUfl. Tlinrv nru iiiiitii?rous 
(liploitMLii-Uttml'y liiniin UivBrilUli MiiHuim, 
the Beconl OtEiv. nai ulnsn-tiorv. iho mijuriiy 
ot whiult bitTo DOIT hecD ciilcndnrud in tlic ?^tiili: 
pHpOi* Mriu. For lh« tntln of liii UTn >-ni< 
Vitian'iiViiiibitiontiof Cam will. lS8i.i'i<.:ia8.9: 
Boiu«'* BibliolbcoB Oornubitnuii iirid t'olliw- 
intlM OOTnubioiwin : PnroehUl Ilialorj at f'orn- 
iwlt. I. SflT~400: WwJiton'» Unrowimw ; IVki 
D«ndflrali>: DuridLlnyd') Warthios ; Sir Jninn 
Melvillo's Memoii't; Coopork AthoniB Cantnlir. 
li. 34^0. SS3.] T. F. n. 


iruU), diviiti-, ibu tif^li suu of Sir ItnbL-rl 
KJlliffrew [q. v.], by Murv, duugUtur of Sir 
nenrr Woodlioiiee of Kliuberlev, Sorfolli, 
WM bom at ilwi monor of Ilanwarth, neur 
IIiun) ('oiirl, on II Fob. 16I2.1». lU 
w« cducntrd undnr Tbomna Fiimnby [ij. v.], 
enterpil Christ Cliiirrli, Oxfi)rd, on u com- 
moner iu W2H, niiU KOou nftcrwiir'U bi'cnmo 
a fttiidiiul. Tn'u yi-um Isltr b« L'onlribiitrd 
I^tin verses in u volunu-, ' Hriluunias Nu- 
lnli«,' iiiibli'cbofi nt llie niiivi>r*ily. Up gra- 
duntcd li.A. oQ H July llt-l^, iiiiJ bt'i?iMiiti 
(inc! (if llin quadmgMiinnl cntWtnn. (In 
4JuIy 1(1^0 lie wnacrcatcdM.A. OiiKiMnrob 
l(!3t* n (liny colled 'Tlir I'mispirocy* wob 
onlvrL-d at Slalimii>r«' lliill (AiiiiKit, Tma- 
»tripl of thf Jfer/iilrrr. iv. SSTj). It wiis Jiir- 
Ti!]ililiotinly jmblished in qunrlo form fruni an 
iiujivrft^ul Iruiiampl fruiil l\xe uri){inul ciipVi 
wbicb, Willi il« uulbur, WM tlien in Italy. 
Il wns lo In' {lerforiiioit Ix-furu the king on 
occuion of tbi> mnrrin^o nf ihi' olile'l son of 
tho fourth Kiirl I'miibroki' to tlin dnuirlitnr 
of lliu fiinl Dull'- of Hiicliiiialiiim, nnd il was 
iifterwnrdi aclcd ul lli<r Hloclifriurn 'i'bc'otrt-. 
Iu IGM Killii^vw pubjinlii-d u ci)rnrc:)i.>il VL-r- 
t^ion of tliu play, in foliu, nilh a t'rmli lilli-, 
' Pallniilus Hnd Hudora.' Tlie jin^fui^L- maXi^t 
thnt Ben Jonson hnd prsiwd it; wliili;, ue- 
conlinir lo Lnn|,'Iiiiliio, I.^.n^ I'nlklnnd ile- 
fonded it ii|taiii«t Konx* critii^s by ^nvintc tlinl 
one) wlitn be niil Imiiruajti- miitud fur a miin 
oftliirty inti) lue moutli of a tnd uf w?vqiiIi.>uo. 
The pkv sbow4 tomi? tihill furn ynutbfu! nil- 
tlior. Sir C1iArl»8 Stidloy* ' Tyrant King of 
Cr»t(i' was an adnptatiiiii from Killigruw't 

Upon Ibe nutbivftk of ihn Hvil wnr in 
MiA'J Kiltitrrcw boimmccbAplnin to Ihi! kiii(t'i> 
army, aud in Ncivcinlvf licwm cri'iilml D.l). 
at Uxfurd. Iulnl(^diall■ly adiTivnrds bi- wiu 
sppointiMl chapluin lo JBnii.-«. duke of Vork, 
and at the lieslorutioti in 1 I3<l{) whh iniidv ai- 
iDoner to iltc Hiilio of Vork, superiuicudent 

ofllieniruirs of Uaehapvl, prelvuilnryuf (bu 
twclftb atull al W«atJitinslcr, and rector of 
WLealbaniMed in Hi-rt ford shire. Killigtuir 
resigned ibe roolory in 1073 in faTouroi l>r, 
John Lumbo, bn^bnnil of bi* daiurlilfr KIIm- 
beth, wbo died na I'fl (Vt. ITOI, in linr fifty- 
lirst j-fiiir. Killigrrw bndn wiUrvof lOW. a 
Vi'ar iiicbftplaiu iind almoner to llii? Uukuof 
York (Ili'l. M'SS. Comm. fitb UcD. pi. i. p. 
i'i'^). and in llJU^ bu wiis appointed maat^ruf 
tb« 8iivoy, iu succMSiou lo SWliluu. Killi- 
UTfiir's sister, \jtA.y Shannon, was one of 
Charln* [['« ini«ir«wWH. 

According to some writcrt tbi- SnnI rain 
of the Bavny Unnpitol wni llic mull of Killi- 
RTOw's iiujjrovidfnci.- und grnod. A bill wsjt 
puast'din IUli7iibuliiibint;il*pritil<.'gi.->ofiwac- 
iuary. The bospital wad leased out in veaf- 
raonis, mid tlit- master uppruuriali:d thu wi>- 
Uls: Hinoni;tli« leases gTanl«uwaaoDe(l&>l)) 
lo Henry Killigr*w, iho pBtonlM of IHsfy 
LiuioTb(iiitrc,forbii<1od|ring»in tho Savoy, at 
nreiitof W. nj' for forty yiuu*. KilUgH'W 
and other moiiierii Brantt'd liecnMBof okar* 
rlajtv. Eucb of t be four cliaplaina hod SOJL % 
yeur, and irbcn Killl^-rew ilitrd all of tbem 
were bolilina pluroliii-s. Among them wu 
bis 8i>n-in-liiw, Dr. Lnnibn ('ap[inintei) in 
lfi77>. In 1702 tbi- cbapliiin* tcftt) doprivxd 
nf oliire, iind tlir hoipitnl di^olvi-d. TJMi 
chnpliiin^ iHiinted nut tbat about 1074 
Chnrk-s II hnd trilii'n for othor umm parlAor 
Ibe hospital allot led tolbciniittfr nndponmr 
personn iu ihu liosiiilul, Killit(rt.-«-, after 
vainly trying to gi't luem back, cuinpeniatcd 
eomi! of tlie auflVrM* by puiuions aiiil doUw. 
tin had also »i<eiit money on the diapel of 
th(> hospital end Henry VH'ii Chapel at 
Wmtminkii-r. KilliffTow gavofiO/. towards 
the cnmpk-iion of the building of Christ 
(ibiircb, Oxford. Jiniibed in IWt (Wood, 

A-ntiijllitirt, &c.. I7SU, ill. H><). He died on 
14 Mnrtb Hl'J'.l- 1 700 ( Lvl^iEL^ Jlrifflleitf 
tiim 'if StaU AJfm'rt, 185"). Killigrvvr'a 
. wife. JiiJiih, was buried at the tiavoy ore 
2 F.'b. 16S2-;i. Ilia daiigbter Aiuic and 
sons Henry and Jnniiu arc nolierd aop*- 

Kiltigrpw pubiiiJicd: I. 'Sermon* [M] 
preurlied ... at Whileball . . . and . . . at J 
iheCbiippell at 8t. Jaiuea,' London, 16%. V 
3. 'Twoiitv-nve Sermons prcnebud hefom 
the KinK,' I^ndon, 161)5; published by 
ItifJiop I'ntrick (l^itrxDiv, Hthl. .Vitwhii/). 
nnd iomc> spparnln n'riiiont. Hir ronlrihuted 
Lntin vprnrni to the IhtforilcoUeclion*: 'Rri- ■ 
lunniic Nntnli.-",' 1030 ; ' Mu.inrum Oioiiion- fl 
niuin pro Kep.- Huo Soteria.' 103^; 'Miuurutn ' 
Oxomi'nniuinf'bari^tiTlaproSereiiiiBiitiii IU— 

fina Maris,' ]it38; 'aporiXtia Anglo-Bat nvn,' 
041. A poem by Killigrew is among ttw 







[Bowekad Coadnn-'dKUioUiMaCornDbint- 
■M, IIT4. i. Sei>-1, ill. MM; OpnMt'a HiKon- 
ortb*Bi>gli*h8l«ic«.l$Slx.l09. 140: W<^i 
FwU OsiwiMuM. 1814. i. Wi. UU: Wood'i 
AtliODM Oxcoiieaar*. IS3D, It. 621-3; VaUw'* 
Numlimi iwJ .SafTaritiKa of (h« Clorcy of tho 
Loodiaiun Rfdiiirani. IMS. iii. iUO, 408, 412- 
413. 42« : R*v. W. J. L»ft«<-* MtmorUlB of (h* 
lUro7. 1S7S. pp. 162-3, lSS-8. 200; L*ng- 
Mm** DraaBtidt I'm!*, ISOS. f. (12 ; Olucur- 
bwl'* Benfanlihire. I8IA, i. SlT-19; Pnpvt'ti 
I>Ur7. 32 KoT. 1003 ; U Nm*'( Knigixx. Hurl. 
~ . I'tiH. Tiii. 33.) O.A. A. 

KILLIGREW, HEXRV (d. 1712), aJ- 
ainl, tow of Honn- KilliKr*»r. D.D. fq. v.], 
Mid brntboT of Jataci Killigrew [q. v.], was 
nuiIcftAcr Mmc mrvicn vnToluniMirJii}!!- 
Icimnt ot tbe Oainbriilx' in 1680 ; from h^x 
ha w«a mond (o tlie ^ppliirp. ami in Ififift 
to theCouUnl Warwick. IiiJniiunrv 1(172 
I618 lis WM made eaplain of thr FarvUvt, 
from wkicli b« ins raored lo tbv Boiuulwa- 
tuw, and alUrvard* to (he Uoock, one of 
th* alup* with Vriair Ilnnait thronffk tlia 
nuBinec of 1073. \t\et tn* peac* £> wu 
Gootinuoualf cnploTnl in Clio Mnditwranmu), 
00 the AfKcaa coaM, irlicn.- tin •necoMivnlj 
cotamandsd UtvSwanpnzrin 1071, ihcllar- 
yrieb and the Hmirirtia In 1875, tho Itriitol 
aail lh» Royal Oak in lu;<l, and tbe Mnr^ . 
ia I67&-B, mnrnioK lo EiigUnd in tier ill ' 
JOM 167B. In IGM he ommaiidwl tli«^ 
L«opard and the Fciroiiglit: in I&s3-t hi> 
ifBf eapuin of the MooIoku in lbi> nxpoditjon 
to Taaffii^r uad^r Lord Dnrtmoutli, and n( 
the Blordasat in Ififtl-Tj for • voyn™ to ihi' 
Oambu. Id 16S6 h«weat out to lb<! Ucdi- 
tcmiiMii ia tbe Drapm as commodore of a 
small HoadToa tot ttM euppreasioii of plncj. 
A detailad account of inis TO^a^, with a 
dtwcriptioii of the mvenl placea viViied, wtM 
written by 0. Wood, KiHtgrvw'o clerk in 
tbe Drafwii, and ronnerlv in tbo Itnrnl Oak 
and Mary iAMit. MS,' IVOOfi). llowovnc 
int«r««ltBg, tbo coiamiMion wu uiieT«nlfii], 
wiiblbtcxcoptionof a nuinint' SAt on 8Dec. 
1087 with a ftallco cnuwr, wliica ihot away 
ibvDrijpwV fon and Di«inlOBma«t«,and thug 
we^ed. In tbe cnniM of th* action Kllli- 
gnw wae eerenJ^ wounded bjr tha burtting 
of a gna. He tvtumed to England in Mn;r 
low, waa promolei) to be Tic»«dmiral of the 
bluv. and dDtiBC llw nimmt^r bad hii Bug in 
itieK<-nl inllwCbaao'i). IiiDwpniWrhuw-iw 
Bpfwintcd command«r-iu-cbii>if of a povi-rful 
«K|)udroi).«rhieh in thr following; Man^iMiled 
for tkc MolitvfTWiMn lo oppoM tbi pa«aaR« 
oTtbeToiiloaSeello Brot. f}n»MHT]G90 

he wu refilling at Oodii nftor d niormr pa>- 
8ag«,ivhen heleamMl tbai Cliaii>Bu-l{«inauU 
wan at tea. wiih (cn «hi^ of the line. On 
the 10th Killi^w, having been joined bj 
tome of hi* ihijKi fmni Gitmlt«r, Wm able to 
pursue with Hftnrn : but tbnv vnm foul, and 
soilsl bndlr, ami (liiltcnu-flcnault, hNTing 
waitvd to BBLi^rtain llirir furor, maily nilml 
away from lliem [rf. Hebbedt, ARniim, 
ElllL orToxuXfltDXj. Itr (he n«xl mominf; 
the French »quadron wm liiill down from the 
English ran, which iinelf wn* hall down from 
die rtiar; and Killigrew, judging furtbnr 
jiuniuit U3i-1<'». rvtnrnl^d to Cndi*, whrnP"-, 
after ornin;(inK for tlio tevtrml Btnic«i in 
tbe Meditrrrantaii, hi* wili'd home. Had 
vr«alhtr ctill oppowd him, lli> woa thirty- 
live day* on the natsagi;! to Plrnioiitli, and 
when ho arrived the hntile of iV-nchv Head 
bod biwn fought, and (he Krv^ncb for ihe lima 
wcw! mnili'r* of tbn<''hnnnflL On tho inpur- 
iM-uion of tlip Eiirl of Torrinitton. KiUif[raw, 
Sir Kicbuni Haddock [q. v.], nnd Sir John 
Aiibby [u. v.l wifrr* appointed joint cumman- 
d«T>-in-onief lit! Dewmber, wWn tbev were 
lunetwded by AdniimI Edward KuhcU 
(•n«m-ard« Ksrl of Orford) [q. v.], Killigrew 
remaining with him a$ adniinil of the bluo 
•quadmn. In 1692 ho had no tnmmnndjbut 
in 1093 wns ii^in one of thi- joint, ndrairal*, 
niih Sir Cluwdlfttev Sliurcll [q. v.] and Sir 

On IfiApril l(iB3 ho 
was appointed alio k lord OOmnivuiionFr of t ha 
admiralty. After the dltaaler which befell 
tli*> Sfiiyrrin (leet In June 1003 [«v« RooxK, 
.Siu rir.nio)):], Killigrew, iog(<th(T with Do- 
Invnll, tins ditmiued from tile command. It 
won loicl, nnd by many bdirved, that they 
wiTi' bnth in tile interest of King Jam<e, 
and tliut ibo lou waa due to treecherv on 
tbi^ir part (BtlRXET, Jiut. Iff hit oum Time, 
Oxford «d., iv. 180). It ia uouiblc' ihnt Kil- 
ligrew's M'tnpatbiea were, theoretically, witli 
the faftniahed king ; but there was no reuon 
to (uiqiect him of giving them a practical 
form, and though di-privid of lii» rommnnd, 
he remoined at llie odmifolty (ill Slay Ittfli. 
In 1702 he pointed out, in a memorial (o tbo 
crowu. that, although diicharp^d from the 
command of the lleet on Xov, 1003, he had 
not received any pay or allowauce till 1609, 
whi-n lui bad been granted lialf-pay at admiral 
of the bliin from 1 Oct. lfX)7. Ilia prayer 
that he might bo ntloweil full pay from 1093 
to 16U7,aiidlhBt bii pm<.iit all on-Dtice might. 
be incivaaed to full pay as admiral uf the 
bln^ waa rvfuted. the [>-purl oti (he jiutilion 
further ttatiug that, a« war hail been again 
dccbired, he could not reci>ive lialf-pay or 
any other allowance eioepl by *|iec>al ^nt 
from her mnjeacy. lie waa accordingly given 




n jiMision of 700/, n yuiir (Itontf Office Jie- 
furdt, Admirally, vol.xL), rntlurr mori- limn 

ori»\ov. 1713. 

[Chamock'i llinji. Knv. i. 33fl ; rommiuioii 
liidlM (inil olIiT ilicumiiiin in Piililiu Rworil 
Office :BuivbiU*iTtnaiactioiM itt Sea; Laili&rd'B 
Kual IWnarji Booid aad ConrinDv'i Bibl. 
Oontiib. L 301, ill. I2.;s.) /. K. U 

KILLIGREW, JAMfiS (rf. 1(195), cnp- 
tain iu llic iia%v. ann of Henry Killiirr«vr, 
D.P. [q. v.|, and bnjllior of Adiuiriil Ht-nrv 
Killign^w \i\. v.j. wiu) B[ipointvd lii>utcnanl 
i>f tim PonstnouUi on 6 Sept. Ui8>i. On 
11 April 1(KW lien-nn promoted tobi-capUin 
of the Siipphiro, wn* wnploypd in Iit criiia- 
inK m tlio Cliannol, nml in July tOOl mp- 
iiireJ n Iiirjrc Freni-h privntopr. In ltl02 liP 
roinnuindi-d tbp Vi.rk. in 16i.lS tho IVown, 
from wliicli li4 van moved into Ihu I'lvmuutli 
of 00 gun«, and sent with Admirul ICuhfI) 
to tlio MediC^rrenenii. In Januaiy Iti04-Jj 
boira* cruisinff totha coiitliwiiTdof StiHinin 
in coromund of n dntiiclu-'d wiuadron of flv» 
ahipii, wlien, on tlii- 18th. tlu-y Big-hli-d two 
FrOTch men -of- war, tlie Conient of CO, and 
Ilia Trident of hi ^nnn. In tlii: chniL' thu 
riynioiill], beioL' far ahead of lii-r [:uiuortH, 
closed with tuid ongwiKl the »nemy. Sho 
WM Diui^h ordsmatcbad, and i>u<Ti'nid 8C- 
vORily. KilliffiV'W and mnny of hit men 
WDK!' Iiillr>d. Hut ihn l-'n-nrh (•hijui hnd bi>i<n 
dnlnyi^ till Iho othT Knglish fJiip» Piirao up, 
nni), bfinp iimiblu ti) i-jiciipp. wppp boih riip- 
Inred. They wen- Inki-n into Mi-ssinn. nnd 
rrvro afterwurdt addud tu ihn KDclinh nnvv. 
Tilt' (jtii'Tilion vraj* afit'i-ivard* raiSL'd by \m 
hrothiT, 111" adniirnl, whellivr hi» mlatp wm 
not i*ntitlf'! lo nhnn' in tlin prixo-monfiy. and 
fTidrnc" wn" lulduwid to Ihn nBVict that ihn 
two tViich »hxp» wiTi- diinblpd and virtii- 
ally bi'al<Mi by the I'ljinouth's fin*. !tu»- 
..•ll. whn wV« ciMnroandfr^in-thixr in ibe 
Mi'dilcTTntiPiin at thp lime, preeidud over (lie 
ndminilly, nnd ho duridcd Iruit aa Killigrew 
WOJ killc^d cnrlT in Ibo airticn, am! f.bally- 
moulh WHS bcoli-n "ff by iha Fivnch ship<, 
the uriie-moiii'v was payable only to thn 
captftinarif ihH'CarliaK Falmoulh.Bnd Ad- 
vmitUKS which ai-tiiftHy loolt tietn. Al- 
tlioiufh prt^iiimnhly in iiranrdnitce with th« 
T'lKUlatioaa of the djiy, aunh nn awnnl now 
appriiri unju*t. 

[Chainuck'« BioR. Xar. li. 32; : ]Iami> Offlri? 
Itivonb (Adniiniltv). vol. iv. IS July. 81 ,\ug. 
IflSfl-l J.K. L, 

IttSil), GOUTLipr, i^raiidion of John Killi)(n-w 
of jurweunni.'k, t'oriiwnll, and mw of 8ir 


of Thomas Srtuiulor* of Uxbridpi, Mi<ldl«a«3, 
was horn in London, probuhly in lfj79. Ilia 
futher, thoiichaln-aytlndobl, kratupnlaiip 
hoiuuin I.<it)ibury,ljnndan, and Q«ldtbe pott 
of RrooEQ i)f thu privy chamber to Quan 
niiubuth, by whom lie wa* nmntnl ibo f%lit 
to farm ikHprofita uf iliea«alaof thequoea^ 
bench end common pleas. TbiaprivilegewM, 
in «pi(o of Diuuerons protw^ta, ccollrmMl !« 
him by tha quoon in l-%r7 {*w Ituri/liletr 
Pa/i-m. Lanadowno MS.S. 2.5 and K}). la 
return for bin punjuijiir Killijtmw aapponeil ■ 
the court int«v>t in parlinnti-nl, wbrrc ba n>- 1 
preMnl«d HeJsion in ll>7:;. IVnrvti in lliSt, 
and thecountyofC'urnwallin ITidr. IIl> wan 
kni^ht«d by James I al TliAobald* on 7 May 
laa'l.nnd rmiresiMit«d l.iski^anl in ll»e par- 
liament of ItiO^. Appointnd clineaborlain of 
thctexdioqunrfor lIXM-RtSir William KilU- 
Kcvw sat once more for Piairyn in 1(114, mad 
died in Lothbur^- on iS Nov. 1082 (!'. C. C. 
.SaviU. p. Wi). 

A« 'Itob^ Killegrew of Ilaiapahiro' bu 
matriculated at Chniit Church, (.'sfurd, od 
^ Jan. 1600-1, a^ 11. In 1<»1 he was 
rctumod to parlinmanC for St. Alawrs, Corn- 
wall. Kniffhted by Jama* I ai lianworlh 
on ii( July laua, ho tat for Newport in th* 
parliament of the fullnwind year, nnd w«* 
aitling fur Ilelaton iu Slav Itlli, wlien duriiiK 
ihe debate on ' undertaking' he ' ofTeml to 
pluck Sir Roeer Owen olT hia chair,* or at 
any niiu ' laid handu on him, used an uiihinjd 
Countonanc to hlni, nnd dlinrp wdTiU.' Hid 
iXMiUfiitnitinn wai domandnl, but »n thi< in- 
tcrceuion of .Sir ICdward Mocln(iii. and con- 
Biderinjt the circiimslance that 'bin (allMir, 
brother, and iinc'lr'. all in thr houaa do coiv* 
detain the fact,' bu wa« allowed (o agkatxw- 
ledm lus error nt thebar(Oi»iMia>M'>/aKnaaJ«, 
i.4«3). Killigrew r>-pnuieini*idN«wportsnin 
in Hai.Ilonrynin 1(123, Cornwa!) in I02S, 
Tn-ffonyin Itm, nnd Hodmin in liwa The 
fiimily intirroal in Cornish boMuali* TUiMt 
have been yeiy alronir, nincv in 1(114, wtijle 
hiM father wa* still alive, and other memben 
of the family held Coruisli fiMtd. Sir Robert 

Kv« a mat al llnUtnn to Sir Jamut Whil«- 
!ko (IMier Fanwlinu, p. 41 ; cf. Cotrnr- 
Ser, rnrl. Jleprtaentation of ( 'oritiralt, p. I tl). 
In the middle of May I(tl-1 Killit^-w, ivlio 
had juiit emer)ced frW tbu l''tF<.>i priwia — 
th« CHiisp of hi« coTinnemunt is iinku<:iwii~> 
paid a viiit to Sir Walter Ruleiffb in the 
Tower. Un leaving Rnloigh he wa» bailed 
from a window by anotiier priwinnr. Sir 
Thomaa (Jvwburv. Killigrrw had bcnn nn 
friendly ternu with Uverbury, and alood for 
*om(i minutes in privale couwrsation with 
him. I'or thia olTutice be wna an 1(> May 
commiltod nnco mora (o tlie FletiC (Wut- 





*niD> Meaurialt, uL 4fi5), bul llis deUntiun 
uiu > ikort onr, u on 7 July IUI3 be wii» 
aapMBUd nptaio or keeper at rcDil«niii« 
CsMB torMSe ( .^VAff iti/iifr*, Dom. Sur. Ifll 1 - 
1813, p. 34J>. Tlial Im- ])eniiiii<i[l Ki11i(^w 
to roaxtrte widi OvvTbiirv wn* irai' of ilio 
cluir)[*a brnughl kgsintl Sir Willinm Waad, 
liriilcnHUt of tint Townr, iircvitiui to liin (!i^- 
nuual in Junn 1013. Bul Killi^<w wa-> 
man tntimatelycoDcvmMl with the inviiiiTV 
in which Orprliuij'* dealli was involveil. 
Ili> haA obuintd n greoT ivpulm i<iii niiiciti; 
ih^ rourtim 48 a coiiox'lnr o( liriifr* "H'l 
r>)f<lial*, RDil HS a man of t;nii>ra] s<-i«iiti(ii; 
■tiainni'TDln (ere nirltcrof liiiio Sir UiKllcy 
('■rlptoaoaapcMpccliTagkMi ih. UI18-19). 
Ar^nnliofF to a stJiUaiMit modi' by Killif^nMV 
at ibo inveelixalion rwftniiug Itrvriiuiy'* 
U«l ilati(3 0cl. lt(lC)Somer»ellm'liii Muy 
lillSMUt to bitn on ilirve t^imi*' occjitioiii 
fwoiMofhi>wltit»poird(n>.lliafiraT ofihru^ 
imwdnK wan avmntdly for Ovcrbury, uu) 
w»» to bi- forwnnUd, lir wun trtld, in wuiwcr 
to ibu pri*nn<-r» nvn rr^nvtt ftir an emetic 
f»«e Oabbimo. Iliiiory. li. 18$). SomenM 
•lleg«d ilut it wid iitiv of KiUijjtvvr'A powder* 
1 list hod Mch bail «4r«i;u on Overliuiy on 
til* iiitrht ol 3 June 1413. But it csmc out 
in lb" eriilene* llxat tii*M aflacta vnrv ntlri- 
bulabln to n foiirlh povdor, and IvilliKTi-n- 
Hilnnnly nf1iraii>d ihAt HamCTSL't hud from 
liim bul thmn, all of vhiob wem niiiio Uiinu- 
IcM, Mul «inukr to thtMn be wna in ibu bubit 
of dMpen*iii(r (Amm. TAe Onat Oyer <f 
i^wwnifW. pa 100-7, Ul), On Soueraeie 
downfall KilligivTr fouud a friuud in lluck- 
tMgluin, who wrote on bU bobalf to Daoon 
ID 1610 Abotii a suit for mriain rmncotlod 
landa. II* lont favnnr by n duel whieb h» 
bad with {^ipuin Kurton on 7 Jan. 1018, but 
1 it anflinrnilylo In- uppaintrd pru- 
r uf ebaoTCry fur lifi* uu 01 Met. 
In IttlO be wail i^nnt^d BOUie lands 
i ITiadMr Forect, and m>in this date until 
I dMtk be antuDulal^ unall p'-rqiiinitM 
■t the «oitn. III? wnuid bat-« i>Dtnin<id 
both for bin Kim uiid «n ItU own no- 
if Iw had Dot Biv>ni cifli-uw? to Ituolun^ 
am by bii cninplninl.-^ n^^in^T liis ■(;««(, Sir 
amu« Uauxe (xw Killii[Tew'« l«tier to Lurtl 
Coawaj, FosnBB, £h«r. ii.4i7>. In 10^'* 
I gtint of aSOf. wa« made to liini by pvlin- 
I ftw lbf> Kfur of tbr** Ciirniih (.irmiK- 
.ibocMtlesofSt.MawH, Kt. .Mirliiu!)* 
, uid IVndnDni*. In thi> ynir ivIko, 
alo coaeornintr thn lupply dcmnnd^d 
new kinR, KilliKn"' moved in the 
I of tbeconrt that tb«aue«tionahou]d 
not be pin, llinn ar^ning from the royal 
iwrty the biiiniliation of (^11 defeat (/Jo^fM 
•iiPn«mMNf,10;£rf,Camd.goc.,p.l^). On 

f< Si^pt. lflS5 It WM uieut iuncd that ho wu 
liki^ly to Sooeeed Sir Dwiley Cirletou aa rtHi- 
deni ainfaaaMdor to the SrniM-^ener&l, And 
b* wae actually ajip»inti-d do 7 I'eb. follow- 
ing (O/. Stalf Papm, Itom. t^T. IIMR-IJ), 
On 2 Jan. lil^, once moti! in ICnKtmid, lio 
WM nppoinlpd vi(*<li«mberliiin lo t be t|Ui!cn. 
Kjllit^rvw WHS iin orifpnal Bhurvholdcr m tbo 
Ni'w Hivcr Compniiy. incor^ionitnl 'i\ June 
Uilll. and bor« a part in the draining of tli« 
Lindxey Level in 1630 (lA. lOStMl. p. 426), 
Hi-dieil nl binwiintry w^t, Kiniitoo Pork, 
Iliinwortb, in ili<> ^p^inK of 1<I^^1■ Hi* will 
wn* ptovtd \1 SIny 10:1.3 (I'. C. V.. HushtII, 
(191, A]tltou|;h b<! shnrtd ilie fit-ry tenipur 
charMlniatic of Ms family, Killigrvw was a 
lis married Mary, dnujihter of Sir lli-iiiy 
Woo>lliouae of Kitnhf rley, Norfolk, and nieco 
of Sir l'>ftnri* Bni-im lB'osit:ni;i.i), .VrJi^ott, 
\\, :i.'i3). .She iHfvived bioi, and TtTnorried 
Sir Thonim SiiiH'oi>d, (ttnikmnn-usliw to 

<Jiic-i.'n llmiirlln Mariix. TliC Ooiuili-ss of 
NVuru'ick remarks uf her in berautobi'igruphy 
{Percy Soc. KM*, p. 9), 'she was a cmiiiiug 
old woinau who liad beeit lienelf too iiintli, 
and was too long renml in amonn.* KilU- 
Ktevhnd lifvii>niiB,IndiidinK Willinm (nft«> 
wardK Sir Willinm), Thomas the drnmiilist, 
njid lUnry the divim-, who nri- nrpiimti-ly 
n»tici>d, and icven dnURliiprt. mie ol whom, 
Hitxalwth, marrii-d Frrnipi.-i Hoylii, lir*l ri»- 
C'nint Slinnnnn. She had a diiuchitT by 
Charles I[. Cluirlotle Jcniiuia Henrietta 
Boyle, oli<i» Fiiiroy <rf, 10^1), who became 
CounlMs of Variiiouth (Jiisin, EnslUh Ptfr- 
egt, ii. 482; AV(m dwf Qiierif*, Jth «er. vii. 
353, viii. A3). 

(BalW^ and Cnuriot/* Bill. Coranb. ; Ar> 
chaoloKia. iviii. 90 (i>cili|{TW<) ; Vivian'* Vl*!la- 
tianiofCorDviULlSST.pp.SGS.STI: Uiirellaaea 
OonMiloK, and Hsrald, ncv *er. i. 3T0 . t'oitar'a 
Alumni Oxoa. l^i)A-);il; M^tcnlfo'ii KiiIkIiK, 
Append. pm^Speddine'a Damn, pauuiiii Harl. 
M?<S. 7002 and 700G ; Slonne MS. 303, M. U ; 
DiiudsU'* HiaU of Imlonkinit. 1TT2. p. tit; 
Kicliabi'B ProfcraaMa of Jnmni I. II. 641 ; W. P. 
Conrtney's Pari. Bepftwalnlion of ConnralUpp. 
4!, 100, ka Oonfincr's nimoTy, T. t9S: fte- 
tnm» of MeniN'i^i nf t'arl. : Koto* and Qncvi*, 
lib lor vii. 451. 5dt).] T. & 

KII.LIOKE'Wt THOMAS <1«13-1««S), 
dramatist, aun of Sir Rolieri KilliuTCw fil-v.], 
bv Mary, dauBbterof Sir lleiirv Woodhbuan, 
h'')ni in Lolbbury, ],ondi)n, 7 VVIi. 1011- 12, 
wan baptised on the 20lh at St, MarffarKl'ii, 
liOtlibutT. While a cliild lie iinfd, itrDrding 
to Sir John Mennin, lo ga to the Red Bull, 
and when the roanttfler asked for boys to 
pemooalo duviU, lo volunteer and tliii* see 
Um play Cor nothing. Appointed in 1633 

[lAgn Co Cliarlee I, iw rcmninci) constact to 
the fortiLiiw ot' that luoQnrcli uni) Lis ^iic- 
ceMor. IIii murried, 29 Junn 1IS3B. Cecilia 
or Cipdy, dnuRliter of Sir Jolin L'rofis of 
Suxliiim, Sulliilk, by whom \k had h «i)I1 
lU'nty. A dispuli- oujpalouay belwr'tiii Killi- 
KKw mill MieMCr(ifl8«u|ipliwl Thomas Uiirctr 
[q, v.] with tlio fubJMt of ft duel, which, 
with full HcknnwlHlpiiBat of indobtrntinw, 
i« OTint4Ml by Killiffrvw at tbo elota of part ii. 
of 111* ' Cicilia nnd Clorindft,' whentu it wiu 
tnuufeiTed ta tbo lEt71 edition of Cbkvt's 
Citvui- aUo wrote n po«m ' On ibe 
of T. K. mid C. C. The moriunff 
',' which u)ipi'ara in his ' Poems,' •£ 
ItMO, and au anonymous (npitbalamium vn* 
among Sir ThomM Phillipps'ii USS. 4001. 
The ladj; diod 1 Jun. 1(I»7'8, nnd in ItUO 
QuuIm iMUod his ' t^ighe) nt the* ci>iit(rui' 
pomryduBths'of'MietresiCipelv Killef,Tve' 
and her niiiter the Coimtfss of Ctevelaiid. 

KiUiir^w n'HH ill Fraiioi! in 1(131^, and 
whilu liietv vrroie u lett^'r concerning the 
* FoftMMiiiu; niid Difcpon^cU'ing of mriiTal 
Nuns ill lli<i Nunnery at Toun in Fmncc,' 
ihnu} slwpCii fiilio, datdd tJflfnns, 7 Dec. IttSo. 
Maniijcriiil* of lliii on.' in tlio Bodleian (A»U- 
moU'on MS. HDO, art. iii. ff. lil-") and In 
thu library ufMB^-iIali-neCo!k-g<^,Cambrid^ 
(Pt'pys Coll. No. >l.'i8-'l). It i» niprinted in 
the 'Euroju-an Magarinf..' 180.1, iliii. 102- 
100. This wraft followed by the ' Prisoners* 
and 'Claracillft,' two tragi-comedteii, 13mo, 
imi. lu the imt collMilJon of Killipsw'e 
wurhs (he former, thn scona of which i» Sar- 
dinia, is dodicatodtnbiit' I>B*rNi«ce,t lie l^adj 
Crompton,' and ii (lin only pUy in the col- 
lodion which in Boid toluvulwen wriltrn in 
London; tli«s«cond piL'ce,'Claneilla,'which 
i* dodtoalvd to Ui« ■ Dear Sisler, tho Lady 
Shannon,' and has its scene in Sicily, was 
written whiln lin was in Itomn. Itotii wrtrit 
]iroduce<l at thn Phinni.t, othnrwiMt thu Cui-k- 
pit, in I>nirv Lano. .Mr. Fli-oy puta tlio dat« 
of lioth pfrformunwi boforn loao, and dates 
the rtrpKMutalion of a third play by Killi- 

Kjw, the * Parson's Wi-ddiiiK.' his best- 
own comedy, between UiS? and 1&12. 
This piec«,writt«n at ■ Itasil in Swittcrland,' 
seems to hnvn first seen th» \ig\il in the folio 
of liKU. 

KiHigruw wua in London oil 3 Sept. 1(H3, 
whrn ho was eumiuitii'd by a warrant from 
thu poiliBmcnt to the custody of Sir John 
I.entlinll, on a diftivo of taking up arms for 
the iiiig. On IB May liU3 hn •uor/wfully 
until ioiivd tho lioun- of Lords horn tho 
King's Ri^nch priaon to nialie void all suits 
begun B4{ainst liini iiince he was in coutlnc- 
B)i>nt. jVftrr his tvlc-aM he wunl to Oxford 
in 1044, and Bitmi to have subt^qucntly oon- 

linneil his travela; in Ili-IT he joined Princo 
Chark's in his exile in Parlo. A brilliant 
conTerrationisl, and a man little di*turbifd 
by moral scruples, KilligT>)w wiirinly com- 
mended himself to Charfo* II, by wbom, in 
ipiluofMimeremoniilninccjiiliR wannpiHiintHl 
tvsident at Viniicu in Itlt'il. Jlii pmceinJingv 
there, the manner in which, willi royal con- 
nivance, be borrowed money for liii master 
and for his own «nh«l«leiice,' and his 4^-nerul 
dpbaucherv led in Juno IfiOS to his cuinpid- 
sorjr withdrawal and a complaint to (lurW 
from iho \'cnctian ambosiuuinr in I'ah*. 
KiUioTew* vindicBtiin is among tlie Clarm- 
dou MSS. {Cal. Ciarendon Faprrt, ii. NS>. 
His recall from N'enit^e watt the subject of sane 
waguish'ie^ uu the part of llie Ivnglish poeta. 
Denliam's linea concerning hiso are wi*!! 

Our rfvident Tom 
From Veniaa is coma. 
And has left all iho statcimian bohind him ; 

Tnlka At lli« saiDO pilcll, 
!• H> wi«e. i> 1* rioh. 
And juit wbon yon left bim you find hini. 

Hat who nay* ho i* not 

A mna uf mueh plut 
Uny repent uf his false aocnnlion. 

[Uring plolied and pmned 

^^iK pIiijK to nilaiid 
Tha I'arceuf his nt^liatloQ. 

Ilis travels during t1ii<i. hi* aecond conii- 
ni>ntal tour, included Italy and ^win, and 
hn Kpent somo time in Flontncr, Tiirin, and 
Miidrid, a* wall aa in IWis and \'<wioi!. 
Hn occupied put of hi* time in writing a 
ncrw ■urli-D of playa. Beridea hia plavb Ktlb' 
grew brought bach with liim, on reluming 
to Loudon at the Itestonttion.a second wife. 
Clinrloite, bom lU July liftJO, daughtM- of 
J>>hn dn Ilituie, whom ho married at th« 
Ilngue if^ Jan. l(l.'>4-&. She waa appiiintrd 
keepiT of Iho iwecl coffer for tlio qu«en in 
Mnv \fX>'i, and fimi kdr of the quoens prifT 
chamher t June 1W!J (Brit. Mn*. Addlt MS. 
20032, f. M). 

Immedialety alW bi« retuni houKi Killi- 
mw was appointed in 1660 groom of lhi> 
bf-dphambcr to {?harln« II, and anbanquuntly 
diunibi'rlainliiihpqiierti. Thegt«at«st pmof 
of roynl fnrour con*isled, however, in thu 
grant by L'hnrh-9 II. in August lISOO. loEilli- 
grew and Sir William lI'Avenaul [ij. v.] of 

Satente to erect two new pbyhouua in I^i^ 
on, Wmtminster, or tho suburb* Ibarsof, 
to miae two naw comnaiiiaa of plarerm, and 
to hare Iho aolo rngnlation thorect Le«Tc 
was al«> ^ivon to th« two managen to 
lifsnue their own plays. This inlerlur«nee 
witb the privilegM of Sir Henry Herbert, 





tbe nu«t«r of the rev«U. invulrnl both 
tamittgen in dupatM sad liiii,-atii>ii with 
itMi luDctMMry [w* Hkhiibbt.Sik Ilitvut.] 
Mora plwbla or ameiublo tlian 1>'.Vv<-nnnt, 
KiUigTi'W caow to tcRM witli lii« oppniirnl, 
and BrlidM of agreemont brinmii thrm 
w«re HfBcd i June \iM3, by whifli ' u 
finne ■Mil/ ' WU oODcludcd, and Killigrew, 
who h Mcribed u 'Tliomu KilligTviv iir 
CoTCOt OudM, Eaq., agrcM to pay btfuiy 
4 Aug. nBXt All moiiiM dne to Sir ll«nry 
Hartwn from ilic King and Qtt««tiMCom- 
Buijr of nlayen ... for tlw tiww pll]^ >t 
fortT vhilliRjpi • play, und for thn tcvivi>d 
ptayvat Iwi-nly HliiUintf* o V^*}'-' Tliii wivv- 
mfDC «aiTied cvmu anu a aoUiium i>f uSt. to 
tiir HMirr Tur ibe damaita he had HuHen-'d. 
Killimw alao formally nbju red D'AT«nant 
And all bi« worki villi * any of his pretended 
comMiiy of plBvi^m,' or any allxet cnnipnny 
of playcmlllAi.LtWKU.. Anciml J)oc.) On 
!<'> Jan. ilHii:!-:{ a wcumi |)ntriit vraa f^'unli'd 
lo KiUiKrvK' ; it is iilpiitiou) wilh ouc (■Ivfh 
to b'Avcnaoi at (b« mid« timu (cf. Cullei 
I'lBBEK, Ap^/ogy, cd. Low«, preface). 

Killimw'a acton wi-t» «oon ofRdally ro- 
cogniJM H til* kin^> KorTanrti, bill tlio exact 
dain ■■ not c\rax. \\U companr hwdm, ac- 
cording to Ikownni, kIio rocoiTc^ tlie inform 
nmtiofi at woiad lutad, to liuvu liral 'Acted at 
tlir fltnl] Boll, and 'lo huvH] Built tbom a 
Ni'w doiui' in GAhft^s Tmnit Gmrl in Ciare 
Martrt, in whIcliTn'u Places Ihfyconliau'd 
AetiugalllOiA !*>'!. l0<iS. and partof 11)03.' 
MaliMW g)Tea a lit't of tlio slock iilftT« of ilie 
kitid'a eomfuty bI ih« It^td itull, ivrniv in 
«IL "ITipy inc.fu'lp Shakmpi'nnT'ii ■ I''ir*t 1*1171 
of Henry IV,' ■.Merry \ViT«,'iind 'OiIipUo.' 
KiUigrow'* ' t'lumtiUa," and mmf |)iccL-B by 
BoMunoDt and Flt-tt^lii^r. On I J<ily lUHl 
Pepfa aaw ■ ClaiacilU ' nt ' tlu- llivatru ' for 
tbe flnt time, and on 5 Jan. l<til'.I-3 tbe 
aaoM play at iho Cochpil doii<- l>y tho kini^'a 
playirn. Killivrow'aeoinpanv tlK'ncnnsisIed, 
■nyirdins lo Uownoa, of Tlii-oiihiliit Itinl, 
llnH, Muliun, Imtv. BnTt,(^aKWTigbl, I'hin, 
Ba.\t<--r. t[<ibtrt bim) WillinmShatltiroI.Duke, 
HaucrH'k, WintiTv?]. ]la1<-mnD. niid ltliL;;di.-n ; 
Mm. Ct>r*y, Mra. Ann .MnralioU, Mr*. Kast- 
Und, Hn. WeavM, Mrs. Upliill, Mr*. Kuep, 
and Mn. TluglM, baaidoa KyniMton, wUom 
funtnine cbanctcn ilid something to nopu- 
lariac tbc Idng** cooipany, ami nt lout oleron 

Mauiwbile, Killigrew and llio printipul 
Mtora of bia company obtaineil from ihi: Ear! 
of Bedford a IiMtM lor lijrty-oaie ream of a 
sieca of ground lying in tbe parianea of St. 
Xania-in-the-FieliU and St.Taul'a, Ooveni 
Oardra, ksoWH hj ibe iMine of tbe Riding 
Vard. tfao Umow vngagiag to pay a ground- 

TOL xut. 

fpnt of 'W, niid to cri>ci a theatre at an cx- 
p«n!e of 1,.'>00/, On thit fi\r, wliieb is uow 
occTipied by Dniry Iriine Thoalii', KillijjTvw 
built a liouso t lli fpL-t in Ifngth from viM lo 
»-e«t. and ■<!1 fwt in depth ffum north to 
Hiiittb. Il wiiB known ut lir^t ha theTltratra 
lt<iyal, and FiubwMjm.'iitlr lu Hnir)' l.iin>?,and 
ITM ojionnil HAiini liilWnilh ihi- 'Hiwionr- 
OIK l.i.Tiilennnt if Iti-aiiniout and Flt-tchi-r, 
which wii* ndiM twi^Irf days coneeoulively. 
' Uulo B Wifr! nnd ilnvn a \Vir?,'bT BeiLu- 
monl and l'lcitch<n',maii|iivnndnTingt1ieMine 
aensbn. wht-n iUl- voinuimy wiu itmngtb^ned 
hr iIm acccisiun of Mrs, Ituutt-I, .Mm. lOllpn 
Owin, Mw. Juui«ti. Mm. Ilpbet^ni Mamhall, 
Mr*. Itnltor, Mr«, W'rjiiiw.aiidM.r?. Knif-hli 
Ilnin*, (irlDin, (tnoilniiiii, I.ydiial, Churlrlun, 
ShTly, nod lii-citon. 

Killijfrpw rcvlTiJ hi.i ' Pnrson'a Wedding ' 
at the TbL-ut ro Uoyul or Urui^- Liin« In Octo- 
ber lOlH. und ui,'nm in lli'2 <ir Ui73 al 
coln'» Inn I'ielda, wbioli waa then oetiiipiod 
by bia compatiT. On botb ocoa^oos it waa 
BcbHl,prv»unialilyon account of its obiK^miiy, 
only by women, ItlrtL Manball at each r^ 
rimapcoliiiiKthR prolognn andepilncue|in- 
eluded in 'Covent Oi^on Drolleries'} in 
mMCuline attire. (In II Oct. ItStU l.uolliii re- 
marked to Pepya : ' W'Ust an ubiccnoloote plsv 
tlila ■' Parson^ Wedding" i», that it i« acted 
bynotbin(( but women nt the king'a houacl' 

According toUaloui-. Killit^rewdrcvrfVom 
tlieproQtsoflbelbeatre in lUtMS two sharca 
and thim-quorter* out of a total of tw«lvo 
aharte and Ibrce-qunrter*. ICnch ahare wsA 
Buppoced to prciduc'? 2WI. ('ibbcr declares 
that Killi^w's coinjiany wim Iwtter than 
that of h\» rival O'Atenant iinlil U'Avi^nnnC 
gaiutdAuperiorpopularity bj adding iip«:tncIo 
andmuaic tohiaperf<vtnaiiCf4. Bui Killigrew 
Blsointorralodlumaalf iu ihciinpruv^nientof 
tlioacenirn'of ilii>iUiinini.iiiid in the introduc- 
tion of good miitii!. lie told IVpys that be luul 
bccnuigbl or tfalimos in lEomntn beargood 
muiic ( iL' P'ob, liJIIi; 7), hul hod not Uren ^le 
to supply hi» Huglish patconn with anything 
better tliuu bulUdo. In AuguHl l<JUJ b« 
announced his iniemionof buildiufi a ihcairo 
in Moorfiolds in nnlertn harri c<>nim<.<n |iln(B 
ftrtnd. ' Four oporna traroio benven in tiio 
year for six we«tEaeach,iritlitho mataoaiiM, 
muaic, and everything aa magnificent aa ia 
in Chrislendum, painlen and siiiaiT* to be 
brought from Italy ' (Pepi»). On 1^ I'nb. 
IOMj-? Pepys waa told that Killigrew waa 
about to produco an opera by Giovanni Unt- 
tiata Diaghi [q. v.], but nothing; fnrtlier ii 
known of tbn intention. In January ll>7S 
Druty l^ne Tliealre waa burnt down, and 
Killigniw'a oompnny played at Lincoln'* Inn 
Kietda till Dru^ Lane was rvbuilt and ro- 





aety't Papn-t, iv. 11" ku.) On tUe Aea,i\\ of 
&r Beni^ Herbert in luTS. KLIliffrew buo- 
OMded hm u mMter of the revelfi, Her- 
bert irnvi- to Kiliigrew «timp niMiiKTipt Hi- 

rnctionn eonrcniing tlic diitin* of office \ 
on ^9 Morch lUBl (»co iVofr< i»nrf Querifi, 
Irt ««r. i. :i7S)). 

Otdya i)pok« of Killiffrfw us the king"" 
jeat(>r, itnil PepTS vra^ Uitd un l3F«b. 101)7-8 
ihftt 'Tom Kiliigrew halh a fee out of tbo 
wnnlrobe fbr cap and belU iiii<l><r 1 lit> title of 
tlio king** jmtvr, «nd nmy rnyile or peero 
nnybiidy, tbi? (pDBtiMt pr-rton wilboiit ofletitv, 
hv thp privilc?j;ti' "f I"!* plnc'!.' I'opyn call* 
bim 'n nn-rrr Jmll. bul uRPntU-miinof Rrent 
eelot^m willi llic kiiij;,' niid snTitlinC liv 'luld 
us many mi-iry Morii-f ' ('J-l Muv l(i'iO). 

a wiV-aiL4 V. bpiwilf h iq have'treawd l iie 
loval maJUiry ltfi n'mnrk jibjjtJiMtjpai. IIb 
tnld IJIiiirica on iini' occruion tbat hi< wnn 
going ' to bell to fL-ich back Oliver CriMii- 
wull, tbal li'^ iniiv lake Home care of ibu 
uR^Ln of I'lniilaiii^, for biv euccefttor lukM 
none nt all,' tie is "nid lo bnve won a wiwer 
of 100/, from ibn Dull" of l^iidehJrtle, wlio 
wnR dnplorinff Cbnrlox'a rcmtinund Hli*enc« 
from ifiu pouncil-toHp, by pi^wanding tbo 
kinjt t>i rt-'pair lliilb^r iuim<^inlL>Iy. Acpnrd- 
inff to I'L'pVB, wlien (.'barli.'« sjiolif iif the 
Duko of \firk BH Tcim Otliir, « lii-npi-ekiHl 
huabiitiJiii B-'ii Jol^'^l>n'^'KpiccL-n^.■.'Ki!lij^n.■w 
n-inurki-d t->biui. ' Sir. pniv which is ihe hvti 
foraman tobe.aTum Otter tn his wtfuortobia 
miiiln^M P ' A rofirenco to tlie kiii^e relntiAiia 
with l.ady CiLilliimninn. Xor, it ii uniil aomM- 
wbnt ftpocrypbnily, did hn tri'nt l.rmi* XIV 
lanro cnrMnonimulj'. W'bi-n Louis >h«wi!d 
him nt i'nriii 11 picture of tbo cruciliiirm 
ImngLii;? betwfcii pi.>rtruits uf biniscif iind I he 
pope, Tsiltigmw i* MJIr-iwd lo have remarked ; 
* Though I have ofii^n Imnnl tlml our Saviour 
w«» buried Iwdvpon two tbinvf*, vet I nnvflr 
knew who ilu-y were till now' (lUta, itam- 
Oramniont {Mem"ir*) speaks of Kiliigrew 
og o mimoriionimr, nnd (ells *tof iei* coiiceni- 
ing him tbnr nt iiiiy nthi^ pnrlnd.iind in ni04t 
OCh«« courtjt, woul'l bnve iV-prii cd him of nil 
Clnim to ihu title. Up mentioln. linweTirf, 
that Kiliigrew, while r(-lurnin;;l'r<iiii the Uiike 
of York's, rocciverl Ihfce piiMi" with u sword 
tlirouf'h biBcbair, one of which wenr entirely 
througb hi" arm, t be cnii»n of tbo attack being 
Lis iiitemperntn lungoagri. Tlu> wax not (he 
onlv occasion on winch be had to piir for tbn 
lJc«nM be allowed biiDself. Ou lUFeb. lOtS- 
1660. Kochester, while in tlie ccim|>any of 
the king, gave Killigrow n box on the ear. 
Instead uf reeeaiing thi« riolenco in bis 

preicnci', Oburb'K nhorlly oftorvard* took 
tbo eorl* arm, and KiUigmw WM forced to 
Kloniiicb the affront, 

Kiliigrew survlvii^d the union of tbe two 
coimianies — ibe king's and tbe duke'e— in 
\fi^i, tlioiigh lii» name d<M« not appear lo Uio | 
ngreemenl Tir wliich fee ItrrTRitrox, Tiiu<J 
Nxx, and n*iiT, CiiAKT.Kfl. 4. 1083}. Ha| 
died nt Wbitcbnll nn 111 )!urcli l<Md-S, Bxi 
inburicdinWertmiiKlerAbliey. Fifty oounilll 
was paid by tbo king lowardn his funemll 
charges (AkbKmi.V, &rret Srrnre JUuiMy q^ 
CJuirla II and Jamet II. Ciund. Soc.) Hu 
wife survived him. l^tti^rn of ndminirtra- 
tionweregrantpd to her crtJiin, 16 May I71tl, 
when ■he wan in bcTitigbly-«evcnthycftr(«t!e 
lliiwmm. Mimthlv Mincrllanea, i. 370). By 
hi-r Kiliigrew bad four soni and two daiiglH 
tvt*. '!iW: and three of her sons by EUligreir 
wen! nuturaKi>.--l bv act of parlianieBt, 9Jan« 
l«(i4 {L"rd» J<iurnnU. si, 430>. KiUwnw'a 
eldest son Robert, brigadier-gcncnil^ wm 
killed at Alninnxn M April 1707, aged i7. 
lEii younger k>iik Cbarlei andTlumas tuv 
Mtpnrntrlv noticed. 

Portmit* of Kiliigrew and Oarew In 
iinme piclure are in tlie Vaudvck Koob . 
WincUor L'a^ile, Faithome 1in« engnire 
maiLvp^irlniit*. One repreeeni* Killigivwii 
ihedreMofn pilgrim, wi I h the ditttch 

You fer my tnev, and if yau'd know my mitxl. 
Tin this: 1 halo myMlf and all inunkiiid. 

IVit portrait, wiib that of Ijord Colcntina. 
np|triira in nn engraving known on 'Thi* 
Pnnci-ly Khcpberds,' It i» suppoied lo have 
been doiit- for a nias(|iie. Aiiolber )H>rtmll , 
wiLs purcbs.«ed iu \>i^'i for llu? Nationa] Por 
trail Uallerr, 

In imU was imbliidied the folio wliiion] 
of Killigrew'a 'Wnrks,' willi n portntit bj 
Fiiilbnmeof thcnurbor wiih n dog. It iaen-l 
tilled 'romcdins and Trntri-dics written byj 
Tliiinm* Kiliigrew, I'nge of Honour to Kin 
Cbarlea the FinI, and Orouin of tbu 
Cbuiiiber !■) King Charl«t the Second,' Lon-a 
don. by lleorv llerrinfiinan. The Tolunit' 
contain*; (1 )' The l*riiic''«u',or l.nveat Firnt 
Sifflil,' a iragi-comedy ; (21 "The Canon's 
Wedding.' a ronifdy, which him been n- 
priiilc'd it) successive i^ditions of Ilodiilcy'a 
•Old Plays;' (:H ' The Pilgrim." a IMigudv: 
(4) the Arst purl of ' Cicilia and Clorinda, 
or Love in Arni»,' a Irngi-coinedy ; (■>) ibe 
wcond pan of the Mime; (A) 'ThoeoMO, or 
tbe WandL'rer,' a eomodv ; (7) llie toeoBd 
part of ■ Tboinnito ;' (S) ' tlaracilln,' n ttui- 
ooinedv ; (itj "The Prisoners.' a tmei-«am«i(^; 

(10) llirt first piirt of ■Rellaniiraber Hretan, 
or iho liOvn of Slindnws.' a Iragi-cumedy ; 

(11) the second jiart of • RcDamint.' l-Iacb 




of Ihaw phijFi, or pans of playi, liu a »ep*-iin hi* hnnilvTitinit:. I<ttf>. i« in ibr Hriti«ti 
TM* ti^fift d»t»d lOGS or 1061. Th»e of ' Mawum (Add. .M.<. 2Q0ii2). Oiht-r pnpor* 

Ul«m (NcB.I, a, and «1 w«*, iw bn* bwn 
teem, BCt«d bHTinn tbn civil irnr, and tborn i* 
BO ncori of & pcrfonuKnci' '>f tmy at tlic 
otli«m, F«w oS thvm, indiwd, hi'Di ta luve 
<n inlwided f^r ilie 9taj[i', iliow thtt are 
two ptita CoiisUlini'. KA Oeiitnl otiiirrTM, 
]iIk7« in tfoi itcu ditided into KalvM, tho 

retnt inj; til bis residnncoin Vwiice an' amcinj 
iheClmviuloii ilSS. in llio Umllr^iim Librorv. 
Kiltii^w'a abstract of lillu to tbcplavhoUM, 
I>riirjl,*iiP,froiu UlbOWIflillMKwtiiali] 
tb«> AOdit. MS. :i07-J(t, I. 1, llritiib Mnwnni. 
Sii)nr<wliniii> Tor )ilT«mli«ii» in ' JuliimCmuv' 
■iirii^d T. Kitligrqw.arv in \A<i. HA. SSSS9, 

ftat bringing iritb >l notbin^ in the Hrt. -II. Niinipmax imiciiiiin.-f auil a^iiw*- 

of a difmrntnit of actioti. Tito ' Tar- 
'4 M'ciIdiniT' ii oMWpoken cnoititb ior 
Wych'Tlrv, nnd virrbon* fnoiwh for ilip 
THie)ir>4« of Npwf iLilb'. li bai wit. of n corl, 
anil Coni^'rc biu condiioMidfHl (o ndnpl 
■oin« of ila jokm. Accunlmc' lo LrniKbAino, 
i(< iniri^ve of ' Can*l««i and Wild circum- 

munla cooHTninff Drun- I^dq Tli«atr« also 
pxitt in manuscripi. aad 'Mr. TbnmAH Killi- 
(TT^w's I>-ll<n-4 of bis TraroU," in [h« manu- 
«Ti|iiJi of Trinjtv College, Dublin, M«ia lo 
call for publicalion. 

[Book* cited; Clorrndon'a Iliii. of t)in ho- 
hoUion; Langliilno'* Dnnnulip I^I«t> ; Ovnesr* 

tiag (ha Ijdy Wild and Mra. PlMaaanee Awonnt of ih* Sti^, Mnlonpi Suppi. i.i tbn 

to marrio^) t« an inci<l«nt is iieveni] i^ajra, , Bic«Titehiii Dnmatm; Itouns und &>urtii(^/a 

at " ItAm Alli'V," ■■ Antiqiwrr," .^c., bnt in Biblioibeoi Coniobionmi; I>i»rnf*'»Ko*ciii»A<(» 

R>inHf.i wrll tannnicnd a>. m tbi* play.' Kil- Klicana»: Wwd* AUii'iw 0»onioniBi.ed. Bli««; 

Ji ' ]j>-r oomif piecca on 1«m flagrantly ' ^nliiwtir* AosioaC Uof amend wnn.-miii|t ihr 

iilaliotcvianiuainK. In hi* iwtioiia j O'"'* '>'**'•''"'"*'''"*'"*"''' 1 Lowoilw'» UiU 

*•(■.■- nijiigivw is itwii to no imiat advau. ^o.; Williniu.** Dramailo Cwiwr; NgtMUMl 

in. Omt«taffinDiitlmt,tlw 'Pilgrim -ij. a *"'"**! '"' "'"'. '"' ^■'- Cd.bM^ Apolooji 

1 tf«a«1v. whid.. with Jwlioiou* altera- Chr*"". " ?«""™'" ^^t;?? ,'h^^T- , 

- ■ ..Wn™,^U.f™.«B«™. ■n-l-onk.adly applied by t5.H.Pirth..«]^ 

liiiii, tni|iht b.iv.' b<*n made St for mprMen- 

Itioii. I'ortioiin of it nrr indntd writtMi 

Hth aoue Ti^rour, but porlry nod imagina> 

'an arcaWni.ntid tb<- i-xcitiont ibat would 

t it for pMfiirnutncr wimld bnvelobenumo- 

Bui. Of ibu ipcood jinrt of 'Cicilin and 

rinda' Langbaini! wys that t be lint (Oi>ni! 

"Tt^n Atoaiteo, Luoiuit, and Mnnlins 

Du copied from tli« «barBct«ra of AgilU' 

a, Anab«8,aB>l MtfjabisM inlhe"nrnnd 

|rnM:"iHv''TlM Ili»tory of Aelatidflx nnil 

aMrw^'* pc i. bic iii.' In alHraiinic tbai 

aamenU in 'llomaiia' nro takrn fmoi the 

KILLIOREW, TllOM.VS, ilif voima^^ 
(lth>7-17114).drnmnilst, ■nnot'TbomiiiiKUli' 
grow (q. v.^ by bis wwfjnd wif*. Cbarlolto 
deUDMP,wadb()min Vebiaurv Itiw i AfurtU. 
Grnra/oy. et Jleratd, new tvr. i. 370). He 
foufibl a duel, according 1« LTittn>lt'« ■ Brief 
It^'lation.'on :(t Jan. ItlHl'. nnd wna aabae- 

Jiipnily m-nlk-iuaii of tiiu bvdi-hnmbnr to 
ifiorjrn II when Princ« of ^^'alal. Hn ia 

tb" anthnr of M.'bit Cliat, n Conwdy in five 
aclri. As it in nrti-d at 1 be Theatre Rojnl, 

iptain'by FVlebcrr.andthat a cbnrBMir 'n Dniry l-nni-, by bi« UnJMti«a aerranta. 

I Kome wordn are copiud from Jun^on'a ' Written by -Mr. KiUixrew, Lond., IMnlvd 

for Ik-mart! Lintol.' Hvo, no date (1719), 
It it dodicalvd to Uiu Unkc of Argyll, and a 
n plpamnt, KOwippinf, happily niuiied piece, 
witb vnry lirtle nlnl, •• tie author ockaow- 
Wiir* in tlui piolo^o, but wtam moderatvly 
felicilouo dialoifuo. Ir, wan plny«d at Drurr 
SIra. Tburmoiul. Mnt. I'url.-r, and Mrs. Old- 
field in the principal ]<nrl]. Thank* to the 


^ox,' l^ngbative ac^uila Killit.7vw of the 

Rleniiot) lo coiicmI hia llieft, and adds that 

* if every poet ibal bormwa bn«nr an w«U ns 

"Ir. KiUigrcn- how to ilinpiwn of it, 'iwonld 

-tiinlylif- vi-rv i-xniKaUn.' In Mniwlfiy's 

Sil>on of William t'«rtwfi([!ii'ii "Poem*," 

]6&), ara line* of aonw^rhnt laritid praific 

d«diMt«d to ■ Mr. Tliomu Kiltiffrew on hia 

ro iituvca, the " Priaoners " and '■ Clarn.- 
ll-*« "l.':ii: ■ 

_^ KiUiinvw'aacparat^plavsaA.' dtidi- , real of ili" Dukeor Arpll and ot birr fripmU 
W><d modly lobdieeof nnk. The opinion of the author, it krpt tlu'Mo^i-eleTen niKhin, 
gMlerallv catvrtaioed of KiHigww m ex- and brongbt il» aulbor «o !>■«< iban 1,00(1/.. 
praiMdmlwo linnaof Denbain— -i.;-i- l i. j;,i .... i:... .. 

Had Oowley no'«r apokc. Killltrr«w neW vrlt, 
Onnbta'd ia one, tlitj'd idicIv « nutkbliiM wit. 

MaBaacriptit rrlatine to KillijfTPW are in 
vstioa* collectioQi. The ni"*t important 
of lliMc>, 'Au Account of T. KiUien.>w'i Re- 
aidftic* at Veniee/ with many aocomenta 

wluch, howoTvr, ho dl<l iml live lo enjoy. 
ainee bo died a lew month* nfturwanb, Hiid 
wa« burin) nt Keniinifton 'iX JuIt 1719. 
His pbv went tbnm((b Iwo edition* in ViVX 
' Miscellanea Auivn, or ibe llolden Mclley.' 
London, printed for A. Ik-t tea worth. Vl'M, 
contnin* 'Tlie l''abl(> of Aumilius and tb» 
Statue of ^'onus,' which ia aigaed T. KUli. 


1 16 



8 -est. An n(tn'einL-iH for lln* Bale of 'Chit 
liBt 'tn Ilvrnard l.inlot fur Ml. wu on Mte 
byT. Thorin'iii ISl.t. A porimit of n • Cnp- 
(ain' Killigrew i«iiU'»tip?uiMlbv Nicln>lii(*iii. 
7lti) m in I.umley Cwtle. It appotra to be 
tUut of anollicr KiltiuTfiw. 

(QpDon'iiAcMiuDtaf the English Siajtci linker'* 
Blocmpliin Itmmitlint; BoitMr nod L'ourlap/s 
ItibliolliecH CurnoIiitoHiA i Lyianii'i Rciviron* of 
J^adoD.] J. K. 

l(Bt.')|, dniiimlial. Ibe M<M jimi of Sir Koben 
Kilbgroff [q. V ]. waa biiplioLHl at Ilftliwortb, 
MUdlctvx, 2^^ May It.Oi, und (-nti-rod ft g^n- 
llemsn-eoiomiitn'r »! St. Jobn'a CoII^bb, Ox- 
ford, 1 July lit^S. 1(0 HTM hnighlod U' .Mny 
IC^ii, anil mtdf^ what wm callod tho taiir nf 
Europi'. Hr irm dnrlwl by doubli- n-iiimi 
memlHir of purlirtmcni for Ni-wport iind I'l-u- 
ryn.biitb in (Joni will 1, mid ut for tliu latter, 
lfl2S-9; *■»« upjHiiiiti-d pH'iinior of Pon- 
dciniLs (.'BHilv and l-'nltiiouth Haven, Mid ob- 
Caiiied tbe cominniid of tho WmI Cornimll 
niilitlii. Ho Hiicri^mlod to tba fnmily miin> 
pion In l^tliburj-, nod to KinRlnn I'nrb, near 
lIiiDipton(7ourt,onbi*Elithcr'«cli^nihiti 1(1:1.1. 
llo wiu made gentJeiiun>iu>ber to Clinrlm I, 
and hod eominand of one of tllt^ t wu iruous of 
liurae that guarded tbi^ nenmn of tlie King 
durinj; tbe civil wnr. Wliile in Attendanco 
ou (TlurW 1 at Oxford, ho took, 1 or 8 Nov, 
IIII2, tbe Aeetw i>t D.C.L. At>er ibw dofeal 
of liii" royal cause b* c<>mp(iiindeil for lii* 
Mtal« with ttiv cammittofi of i>Rr|uiT>tnitic>ti. 
I in was in niurh trouble witb bin nci^b bourn, 
who m»ciitpd hill fllHirtJ to druin portions of 
tbn Lntini.thire fi^na for liUowni bi-nullt. In 
tUu miinuicrlplHof llii- Houau of Lords ihi-ro 
oru, HoiDnif uiuny similar papers, a petitian 
of npnry Curr and nthen of Dcmninglnn, 
Linc>>ln*bir«, r<u>i>oi'ting| iboir impri;>nnmrul 
in ibo Float for a rint in tb(i I'pnii by thr 
HoiMoof Lordii nt the- (UBRvrtion of Sir W. 
KiUigRvr, leu ; apelilionofThoma* Kiriio 
of Bumfi (Houru, Liiicotiuhire), respecting 
tbe impounding of bit cattle and other por- 
aeciition» at tbti hiindi of Sir Willinm Killi- 
gTflW, UHce. IdJO; potilimiof Sir W. Killi- 
KTew anil olhori rrnpurtinii l.ind9«y'« Level, 
in Lini?oliiiibirv, S Mny ItlW, with the noirt- 
of order tbereiu ; pi'tition of Sir W. Killi- 
l^wabotit Thomu Kirke, the Earl •.<! Liiid- 
aOT, und tbe riot* at Lindney Lev>>l. 1'2 Feb. 
ld47-8, 8Sq>t. IISTO; nnd nnolbor jietitian 
(tfainst tlie aamo, in wbirh Killign^w states 
tint ho oir™ 11,000/, Kiltigrow ond tho 
Otliflr cirninont in Lind»ty LcfVL-l bad lost 
SO.OOO/. by Kirlio'M conduct, and Killi^^'w 
on 92 Feb. irM7-8<praya tba faou«> to uon- 
•Ider tbe Mtale of hiiaaelf, his wife, and 
fkmily, who do b<-g tboir broad, which misery 

Ufnlli'n no them throui^b tbcriotonscoadact 
of Kirke.' Killij{n-'«' wm note of the flf*l to 
toMe of the not too Uvislilr accordt-d bounty 
of Charlea 11, who uner tlit- Keatontion r- 
eiored him to hit former no»t of miiiI^ 
man-ufihorof The privy cluitaber. Alter lu* 
mnrrini^ to Cathcnn*' of Portufml, Chari«* 
nppnintfd him vicvchnmlM'rlnin to tbi> (lutrn, 
npo»t lii>b<']dforlwn-Btid-twmtv vi-nn^ 'hi 
a April UHlt be WW cWtod M.!'.'fi>r Uicb- 
moud, VorkaLire, licf Sir John Vorke, d*- 
caiwfd, and conliniie'l to tiic for tb« buvougili 
iinlilld'rl. AOcr Kj^^KillitrrewdiiiappeaLNd 
from court. Two (.Tutits of SOI. were mada 
to bim bvChnrti'i- [1 i \KaiMlV, Semt Str- 
rife AfoHfjf.Cnnni. i-ae. 1661, pp. £4. 43). 
He wu burii'd in itii' ^rov Cbapol 17 Ott. 
lUdB. Itv bia wifi- Mnry. jnii^lif of Jolin 
Hill of Iluiiilar. Waroick^bin.-, he boidthiea 
eou8, Hetiry (<'. I'HU ), WiUiuia, a captain 
in till} army, und Sir Robert. A lUngbler 
KlixnVilU innrried Sir FrnnpiB Clinton. 

In Ulitft npiH^amd, in Mo, 'Thn>e P!are«, 
u-rittnn by Mir Willinm Killi^-w, Viec- 
Chnmbi^tlnin to bi-r Mnjcity thotJacfB Con* 
mirt. Ititll; VII., Hclindra, Pondon, On 
mnad™,' TheHcwvn reprinted inSvo in IK74. 
Amoiif; tbe couiributort of oonmeadatory 
rerseo, Kni;ti<^H or Latin, are: It. StapyltOD, 
tho tronglalor of Juvena), w1ia*e line« are 
■ugfrutiTotr haadod 'To Etiry;' Eilmund 
Waller, ' Of FnndorM not beinji: approved 
upon lbs Staa«a«aTragedy:'T. P.ii'Thoauu 
PW1*r) I T. L., whow vonct [.amb mv«i in 
ej-lnifo In hi* ' Dmmalic I'ontu;' and I.Ado- 
wick Cnrliile. Of 'l^vndora' as a trmt[*ily 
nothiiiK in known. It wnn pluyi-d aa a oiinedy 
at Lincoln'it Inn Fii.-1dBTbL<utie,and iifurtbe 
epoch both well writ totiand])a»Mblyd««enl. 
much of its dialogue nnd one or two of the 
fomnlo chnractetv aro vivaciona. 'SelinOra' 
nnd' Drmnwlmi' an> fnirlyiDt«ratting works 
hnppy intorrainntion, but callod tri({i-coai^ 
dita, lu »ntar- dcnthi by riolence an tntr^ 
ducL'd. * Seliodm ' is montioned by Dowim 
as having been given at the Thealru Koyat. 
Of the performance of * OrmawUs ' no record 
isoiinnt. In 16W wom publiahed in folio, 
Oxford, printed by llonrv Ilnll, pHnlor to 
lb" iiniv«*ity, for llicbnnf Dnvii, ' Vovr new 
PInyo*; vi*.. The Socpi nf Urbin, Sclitidra, 
[,0VL- and l-'rit-ndsbip, xmar-Coniedio* ; and 
Pnndorn. .\ LVimedy. Written hy Sir WiU 
inrty," 'Love and l'Viond»bip"i» 'Onnn*nle«." 
riio' Sin^Dfl'rbin,'at*n unacted, inncnpablo 
and ivrapathctie play. Tliii plnys hnvn Hrpa- 
ratutitlr.»page«,and tho volitmucnntniiu loan 
further cotnmendaloryvi.Tsi». In 11141.3 ap- 
peared ' A PropOMlahewinsliow ibu Nation 
raay bo VMi Qaiuers by allilie Sums of Money 





wmn to tbe Crown witbont luMrning; tlwi Killijirvir ; ' ' Lellen from UoL Dol^inui tu 
PWogilivo^. . by \V._Killigww. Towhicli {^ol. W. KilliOTew ■»rein Ihe'TburloeSut* 

*"""'" I'apo»,'iui<l'Lolli^r« fromKilligrewIaAreb- 

hi*h(>Ti Saiicrofl nnd Tobias Ruatal, undcc 
bouaolweper at llampioii('(>iirl,daIedr<Mpce- 
tivcly 31 Ilec. I«;7 niid UW2,' on- unong llie 

m prwixed the lai« Hooourabli! Sir Jnme* 
SkMnw LHt«roii ibiiMiiu-Subjei^t,' no place 
or lUlf! ^T.ondon, li5i>."r.4io, l« pp. laLon- 
tlon, I0e4, oppmreil 'Tlie Artl*!«a Mitlnijiht 
Tb0U(tiU at a (imtlrnun si Ciurl : who 
lot BMaj V<«ni built on .Nini), vhicli every 
Blutof cfOMFortonii lu>d«(Kodi bar now 
he has laid oevr Koiiadltioiu on tbo Itock of 
bis SalrsIiuQ, whidi no Stonna con shako; 
SDii will last out the eooHiifTntioii of the 
world, whoa time eliall nit>l[ into uiuniiiy,' 
Sfo, iee4; 3nd«diiwn, ISmu, lOtM. Tbe li^t 
dMUeslion to CtiarUs 11 bears no name, but 
the H-cottd to Jamr* II is signed W. Killi- 

E. Bktmbs Sfttitufa, it. IW-tl). Giles 
Junb ^PottiMl lifter, L lu7-«). Viku the 
anonyaoM ftutbor of s 'Conlinuatiun of 
LBugbsia*,' p. 83, Msiensto Killiu'rvw ibc 
' Imperial Tmiiody ; luinti out of a later 
FUr and \tn mac\x altered by a Q«nU«lnan 
for his own llivirnion.' kc, London, IBSB, 
folio. It was acted attlii? Nursery in lb« IW- 
bieaa. A sooaet by Killigrew is iu Lawus'n 
'Ayrcf aiid Dialogvn for oiw, two, and Lhrre 
TOicM,' two boob, I0A9-fi. 

In addiiian to tboM works Killigrew is 
nspODsiblsi for 1I10 whole or portions of: 
I. 'An Aaswer to 1 ho Objections nude by 
soma Commoiwr* of IJncolnihtro ngsinsl 
Kob«rt. Eul of Lincoliuliitv. and bis rariiei- 
paalacoiKvmin|[the Uraymnf-of tli(uel<ViL* 
which lye between Lincoln, Itemi', nnd baptist clia^l, Norwioli. 

Tanner M:i^8. iu the Itodlrisn Librarv. 

A port mi t of KiltiLfew was in tli« first 
Eahibilion of National Portraits. 

(Booae and CviiMnvy'* BibUotboM Comu- 
bienni is Iho cliicf mirpc uf infofmalion. Ur. 
Joca|i|i Foster, ntitor c,f Aliinmi OxoalrnMS, 
hoa aupptiod aDl<s of Killiunw's parliamentary 
ooner luid tlio ilnti^ of bin Oxlord pro^rsss. 
SnttUo ViTian's Visiisiion ofCarawad; Ovntst's 
Account of iho Eoglitli Stajc^ Wood's Fnsti 
Hionicnsas, llin Jtiu^rniihia DmmBtica, Wall's 
Bi b1 . IlriL . suil lADgbai ae'a Dmtnatic Poets hsi« 
l*cli yunsulled.] J, K. 


(IttW-ITif*), bapciM ci-inirovunialist, eruid- 
»on of Thomas nrantliain ( 1631 IGEI-J) [ij. v.T, 
nos bom in Norwicli In lUUU. lie was n 
layman, a iiennnnl friend of William WUis- 
l')ii, whom lie BHpplidd with I'viOonce of eures 
finVcied tbrougli 'pruyer, fiuninfr. and «ii- 
noinling with o_\l by a nmtnnari l>spll.>t 
miiiislor, William Burron (d.7 IVk 17^1, 
nffini 6U. Killinffworth wrote on tint n<-T\i-- 
tuity of bjiptism, s^Biii*t Thomns I'-mlyn 
h\. v.l; ill t'orour of ndiilt buplism. ujfaiiifcl 
John Toylof, D.IX, and Miihujali Tcmgnod ; 
au d of close c:ominun Inn, sKaiiisi JsuK-^i-'aiCrr 
[q. ».], John Wiuhn. and Chnrli'S lliitkley 
[q. V.J He died in 177^. leaving a consider* 
-ible endowment to the IViory lard giviMval 

Boston. Set forth by Sir W. Killifp^-n-. 
Pruitedfiirtbe AutlioT.lUl'; -tto. -J. 'Cer* 
t«ia» Pkiwrs cosicemin^ the Rart of Lind- 
ttj his tenae*. . . . With a I'spir ilirt^i'ted 
to Sir W- Killiirrcw, and liirn^ Wiltmm 
UowcU. AndolsaanAnsnertothai I'lipir 
by Sir W. KUligrew,* no plnm or dnto 
'Aupial IIHft}, 4u>, « pp. ». ' .Sir Williom 
Killigrew Ilia Answer to ibe Fennpnien's 
abjeeiiona sninsl tbe liorl of Liiidsev his 
Irayauw in linooliuhitv. Printed at \ion- 
doa, l649,'4ta,sinf|lo dioot and a liile-page. 
4. ' The Kiotdts in Lindsay and ilirir Abut- 
tal*,' sinsJD sheet, no place or date 'l(UU], 
Ibl- n. ■ Tlw latv EsH of Lin'lsey binTitlr," 
ftc.,s single slieel.n.d,, sipiod' llifiLrvHeroii, 
W. KiUig;r^w, 1 July lOOI." Furllier lon- 
Iribtitions lo ilie controversy liy Wjlliaiu 
Killigreir, son of Sir William, nppearwd in 
I60>^ and I7(M. In lii-tHT't ■( iiTalogue,' 
M. \.,i3 a pam&hlet privately printed forihe 
uilf^, enlltlM 'IViof* ibnl Jsnc? [Iwkfley 

lud Sir W. KtUigTCw oombiueii to dcfmud 
Itkfeanl Lygon of an estato left liim by II. 

Aoion^ his publications are: I, 'A Supple- 
ment to the Ssrmons ... at S&lten* ilail 
af^inst I'opory,' 1785, 8vo; Srd eU. I73«, 
Pvo; >a\\ ed. 1738, 8vo, Witli apMiidicn, 
including bis oninrcr to Emlyn's 'Prtrvioiu 
(jue^'ioii.' 1710, 4io. 1', -An Kxamiiiuijon,' 
,Ve-, 17-11 , 8vo, of Foittr's * Discoiirsi-' ( 1 744) 
on'rstli<>!ieei>niiiiunion.' 3. 'An .\nswcr to 
the l)i'fciir<i of Dr. Fonlvr,' it.. I7ri2, Svo 
I the ' Defiance' Was by ■ Phibx-utbolicus,' i.e. 
John Wicbe, (jenpnil biiptiit uiiiist«r at 
Maidstone). -1. '.Vn Anawtfr to Mr. Cliorln 
ItulUuy's I'leus foe Mixl t.'omni union,' 1750, 
8vo. A, 'A Letter . . . lo the laid ... Mr. 
Whistoii,' Ac, irfi7, 8vo. 

[WhUloii's Msmoin, 1*41. pp. 397, 306. 373 
Hulltlpy's Nolei on 1I10 UiUc IS02, iir, iv m|, : 
Toulmiii'» HlMorirril Vifw of Di-senlW", IBM, 

E3a3; Niwt* Puritans, 1^22, 1. xstii ; Cbriilinn 
if^ U Aug. 1870. p. I(H.) A. 0. 

the l''reueh nnny, vBB b'^niat Dublin 111 Oct. 
l7ul,nc<.-onipumed his father, wlioteiumonM 




WMJoniiingo.stel'-r/'n ynmnfugnlol-'ninfie, 
uultooh UicnimK^of Ki]iniuiii> fmmn villaffu 
ladml(l«cl. Hi'(rutnn^llii.'iimiyiuin t-nvulry 
offleet ia 177-1. ni^rviiig iii ibe AmrriouJi vur 
of faide]>«nili'ni?i) iindur Kocbaiubcau. mid in 
SonegnTuiKlpr Birun. lu Auicii''l imi.niiii 
ntirfd cantniii, lie t«ok ih^ civic onlh iiiii), 
Imng rpcelled ro aciiv« si^nicfv bwamo lirigpu- 
dier^rcnifnl in Alnrch ITtfS ftnd lisutcnaiit- 
ITMierBlmtlinfoUowingMn;. lie coin muniJvd 
luu vantntud in the Arduunm anil t'landt-n. 
dittiaguisliDcl hiniHi^lf nt JvmBppi.v>. and wus 
reponed b^ ibu eunveiilion cuuiiiiiB<arieR ns 
braiv. acl]Vt>, and diuiliiuf;. Itioiifili llioy did 
not lliink il prudent to allow an Iridhmann 
commnnd-in-cliieif. 'lie i« n foreign i-f,' they 
Mid; * li:> in Iriih; rtiptibliruaiam don* nnt 
OMily puniTlruti' ■tich i>kullii.' He wn*. Iiow- 
lilUiuCCiMtirullTi fur liie CDiuiiiund in \'r[i(l<[-L', 
■a the only gt'nrrBl wliosi- &bilitv and i.'iit?r);y 
conld be reli«d Qti. In Au((u»t i>tl3 ho leui- 
porkrilyanccooded Custine,a^n«t wliom hi- 

Eire avid«iico bafcm) tho roTotuiionnrj- iri- 
unnl; but bciiin furcwi tf) rvtmil bffnri' thn 
BUperior foivus of ibc Vukp of Ycirk, hr n*n» 
aup«f««ded, luid wiut imiirinunud for L-i);lilu-ii 
moDtlit. Suuo Kiluiuliiv, who wud nino 
ininriiOnMl, wa* apparently liis wifu. In 
17B6 he holpod to def^d tlw couvmtiun 
■ffainst the Prairial iumirirttitd. In IT9Ct Iip 
wrTod in llnly nnder Bonapartoi and by 
Mtubliiikini; n tocond blockaae CUDtribiitM 
■o thn tDdnelion of Mnnlnn, Sninmoiiod lo 
l*ui» to diMDM n dmrcnl on Ir"lnnd, ho w«a 
a]ipai(iti.-<l, in thi- abiicntT'' nf Dfuiis, to tW 
temporiiry commnnd of ihi-no-cnlWI army of 
Kutiluiid, On this cixpralition bvinj; aban- 
doned, he bud, in Junu 17!)^, ttii> L^omiaand 
(iflbo t<TTitorinl (iiilniid)trui>pa.aud wasfor 
a lilnn^'nnrnl-in-cbi»f ill Snil/i^laiid, but, 
not itiviiiir sntinfiirtion in that capai-i y, wnn 
•lipiTMHlud l)T iMnu^nn. Hii returned lo 
r«ns. when.-' hi? IS Upc 1700. Hi« 
^•at fuilinf; was rnjiucity. 

[Mooitfur.SSNov, 17B9; W»'»Conip«ndium 
of Iriili Bia;tiapliii ; FiplDtK Ilitl. dot Trviipa 
ElfluiB^ca. ii. «i, I'HriK, IS<3l; Algvr'i English- 
man ia French Jlcvoluticn, pp. 11)2-3.1 

J. O. A, 

KILMARNOCK, fourth KiLiao^. [Sw 
Both, WiLLTiM, 17LU 17l«.] 

KILMOREV, llrti Killl, or. [Sua 
Ni:ei>ii^u, ru.\M-iM J.tcK, I748-IS33,] 

KILMOREY, fourtli V|«coi-»T. [See 
K»i:i>iitiii, Chibles, J. lOUO.j 

KILSYTH, lir.1 Vi«»r3fT. [See Litixo- 

ROXE, JtVES, 1010-1661.] 

KILVERT. l-itANCIS(i;03-lWBVai 
ti(|iiiirT, bom nt W«ig»|.i Sttwil, Bath, 
Good I'Vidny I70,S, •aran the eldaal eon uf 
Francis Kilvivl, coaehmnlcor, and of Anna 
hilt wife. Ilia uncle wu Rirhard KilvRi 
dmnnttii: i-hanlain to Biahop llurd [q. t. 
and rector of llarll«bury, Hia oareuia dji 
while ha was yimn^, nad, as th« HdeM 
toven •ano, he hooamcgiinrdian andinftlructi 
to hia brothtra. I'or a time he wa» educattil 
under Dr. Micbncl IEowlnnd*on at IIudl'^: 
furd. He aflcnvurds profi-nh-d lotlio grtt, 
mar adiool al Ituth. wliert he htsMmr lii'id' 
boy; h)Sntl«iniu>'UI-< induc.'<;d tlic IbonchiHf, 
master, Xnthaiiiul Morgan, ti> t-agaei: hi: 
naan aMi^tant pTfn beforv htreaiui«datOx' 
ford. He matriculated nt Wort«sl<^r Cut 
Iqre, Oxforil.oaQ Nov. IKIl,AiidpTadiiHi>.>d 
KA. in 18|» und M.A. in IH34. Kilmtt 
wa« ottlaiueil deacon br BoadoD, biabop o 
Hath niid Wello, in IBIB and primt iit 
1817; hin lirnl curacy vras that of Clnrrr- 
I Ion, nr-iir liaih. He loved his native city; 
no lint- liiKiiv itn hifttorv belter, and in onwr 
to dwell Ihi'iv ho declineil the iMtit of jiriu- 
fipiil of (JiitcnV Colli-g"-, ItirminehaBi. ,Vt ■ 
llalh he tilled iu turn levtmil amall oihfei^ifl 
incluilLiiitthuBeofininuiteraf St. Mary Mif- ■ 
dnlon's C^pel, chaplain of thoUnncrnil llo*- 
iiitnl, and pveniug- lecturer al St, Marv'*, 
Ilaih wick, but his cbJt^suuiveof inconx^Uy 
in krvpinc pupils. His auceest in that di- 
rectton Iciahini to purchase in I837('Urrri'4LB 
L<1d(^•, on tlu> soutWn fclope of Bathnick M 
Hdl. nhcro he tonk acholaK until hia deatb. 
K iU-ert was nno of the narliett Boembera of 
the Bath Literary I'luh, and rend liefore ita 
tnoinbers many jiujieni cm tJii' litnrary asM^ 
tTations of tli« city, lotne of irhich have not 
bonn printed. lie dic-d at Claifrrton Lodeo 
on 18 Kopt. Irti3, and wa» buried in Old, 
W'idcomlio churchyard, near the i^tc ot> 
hi.i father and tiro of hishrotlH^, A bi>M; 
tablet 1(1 his momnry iji ou ilw walls of Si 
Man', Itathwick. Up married at the cloM 
of IfL'i Adelaide Sophia d^^ < 'liii'ivri', a r»- 
fagpv of Fpi-nch exlmction. thtai living at 
t'lnpliain, iieiir London. Their ianue was 
ihni' da ugh !•'(«. 

Kilvert wrote: I. 'Sermon* al Cliriat; 
tSiurcli, ItBth, b ifore the Net iona) School*,' 
1837. :>. '.Sermona nt Si, Mary'* Cbureh, 
Bathnick,' isi7. S. >>Vrmon prtiachcd at 
Wrinj.tou,' ISIO. ■). 'Scloctiona from nn- 

fiibti«h«Yl PHptTT!! of UiiJinp Warburtoa,' 
Ml ; alfniMUi'diasnnie T<'arnsraLxJr.,iiujh 
plnmcnlal, of W'urburt on « ' Works.' fi. ' I'ina- 
cothccn llluoricii' tipeciueii. Awttorv F.K., 
A.M.,' It^S ; pt. li,, with name iu full, 
1860. A >erie,a of inFcriplion* on lUuslrioua 
mm, which baru bc<« much |ii«iMd forbaiH 





Etd axprwNOa wtil Cnr <viintiuuut of i.liu 
Un^nue. 6. ' IColph AUvu awl IVior 
ni%. IttoT. 7. •Riclmnl Gnv«a oC Cla- 
nrtoB,* lt*u4. K 'MemoitB of Lifa and 
Whtin^ of Kilii>p Hun).' 1>I«0. AA«r 
y* (luttJi ibm wM jiobluticd in 1A66 k 
raluQW of hi* ' I>ouiii* io Vnrtf. and IViMt, 
witit m brivf MriDoir' br tho Krv. \V. 1^ 
NicbcilA. Buiali^ \ty )Ir. n'iltiain Loag. It 
UKliitlnl a [MiW'r tm rope's cminttliun with 

^^Kb B«thi but otber nrticlr^ itLirh hn 
^^pd to |]|« ^Ih Ijiunrv SuLutv, noiablv 
^HoM on Pbiiip TliiohHt'Au? mid tin* llntb- 
^^■Bon vwe, woro oniitlvt). ]Iii latt com* 
MaaiflHiOB to the Itath Tli'^lntfical Itiiok 
*)r, luOM on • Ovtff thn Wuter lu \\'Br- 
,' wrww iffiiilcil lij- Mr, II. D. 8^rin« at 
I in OoUifatT lHOS' Uo was a frvqaecl 
Ktributor to ■ Hoxm a&d Queviiifi,' and hn 



t>.'ini>lecl to lirit« Eilran into inocliviiy. but 
KilTiTt infiuiniil SecrotAr^ Windebuik of 
tho atlnmpr. In thi< Uti^r trial of tbo biahop 
in 1037 in tho Stor-chaisbirr Ebr pwbliahinr 
an unartkodox wiirk on 'Tliu Iluly Tabli-/ 
Kilrert aot«d aiisoltcilorfurtlH-iiroaHoiiiion, 
aud tr«aawanl«il l,I)0(V.out of Uw total Sao 
inpoMd mjoooi.j 

III IK17 Kilwrl Wiino concnnii'd wilb 
Al<i«nniiii jVIkiII ^q. v.] in tho pminoliiin i>f 
ihawinnmonnpniy. Sinrj'ltl.'U the Vimncn' 
Company bad brrii •Mcimiod lo u ^lur-cliuinber 
iiTOstctitionforuiiauibunwii'IrvKiinuuf uwal. 
Tliccroirn pn<iHM<.Hl lotumpoiiud tli^oftenco 
if l)if Viiituen would a^nw to an irapoiiilion, 
and Kiltert waa introdiiofd t4 t1i» company 
by Ab«ll. in that y«ir raoftpr, in order to 
rwrce ilipm by ihrrjiiBofpnwivution. Th« 
ViniiuTteavi) way, anil a)rTvnliuthuiiD[iual- 
tina in nttam for a ((nal of tbo non^mljr 
of winm. Kilvvrl waa paid l,OI)(U^out M 

Mn. Kilverl jivbliiih»d in lim a work on | tlie yunv of tlw VintiMra' Company, a! 
tmuf I'iiv-ipUor.' ThaK waa only onu tlioufcb witluiul tlii- oonaeBt of tint 'fi''t*' 

Btion, tliouKb it vu rtiMucd with frtwh 
lr>-f»g>* iBltUS and 1847. 
[(riMt- M«. (Ma p. A3, ises pp^ UZ-t; 

Hrff Aluiiioi <>XQO. ; Pucli'i Bath Hmnm. 
Mr.pp.T-l<^ Nmm and tinari«9>.3Td atr. 
al, I8B: tnlbfmntioD from Xr. K. K. I'lich ut 
Huh.] W. r. C. 

KILVEET. niCHAJtl) (rf. ItW»), Inw- 
I IVoni a feiibordibate poaition in ihn 
itin court at Canterbury to Ibn nflier 

nlity.' Immediately on iba awvmUin^ of 
tbo Ixiog parliamMit ho waa called into 
qiienion, along with Ald«rman AlwU, for hU 
■ham in thi« tnnMtrtion. II* waa amated 
on 18 Sot. 1610, and only rvk-aacd on bail 
1 Sqit. lOll. Ill llii.- mcautime (May ItUl) 
the oommoiui bud ordi>r>'d ilie bill to bn piv* 
pared to ducltri! tbo oQVnce of Aldoman 
Abell and Itichard Kilvprt ■ (o itie end that 

._._, _. tbry lOBT be made «x(>rapUr7.' Wbul waa 

tor pntctiainr tbnnt. 'Wbon il wa» finally flone does not opppor. Ilrwiut at 
nropocnl to iiiipi«<-b Sir Jobn lli-nnot [q.v.], libvny in DecembiT 1643, and in 1017 was 
jnd^of IbpoQun, in ltll'1 on tbi'groiiuil uf living in aiiparrntly coaUbrtablii circiim- 
oamiplion,KilvinlEiidaiiinfur[]iiiiuiiagninal < alancM at hii own houae in Si. Marua'a 

Bonnet bvfun thu IIouw of Iriinln, and tlio 
lord* at hi* nqaOAt guaraiileed Uini aa an 
infonnrr (Vvedom from arn^ {iMtd* Jour- 
nal; iii, KkXIA-I; ■'ili<»i Pafirn, Ikum. lUlil. 
pp. 2A9, 2AJ). Ilackci italc* ibat Kil<rtTt 
w«a aubaniuantlT bnudi^ fur peijiiry by 
flndar of the parlitmeni of llti'l, Bill lie 
probably gtre nidi-nce iu llie Star-<Jiamb«r 
pwaacuiwin innlif^ltd in liiH by the crown 
after that prliaoipnt nn« diMolnHl. Thrxo 

Lone. He di«d ilicre auddonly on Itl Dec 
1I541*. Hi* brolUer Howt waa a wino tnnr- 
chant in l^ndun. and aJ»o aided in tbc wino 
monopoly ; ho n«a reUaMd 3 May lUIS on 
pavmi-nt of 40/. 

kiNtirt Krntt>jnhi»owndcfon«) 'A Reply 
to a nubl iiiiinir- lUlnticin iQdd« by ct-rtain 
Vintii«T«.' ItUl. Up is al*> idfiitifi'vl by a 
note in Thonin««on'ii hand o» tli«' aiilbor of 
a ■ DincanrsE coocumiug iho lut'-rwl Kng- 
Und bntb in tlio Siej{0 of Gmvelinir,' IttW. 

j«art later Kilrtrri piftiiiiininl ibn|irivro«nin- 

ol foe i>owor to lovy Sir Jolm Hfnin--t'» ftnc, Somn lno|;TBpbical doiaiU. tOBMliPf wilU a 
•omeparl nf whidi wn* awarded appoivnlly porlnil, are contained In ' A l)lii|[if;<i<.' ._, . 
Io hitn a« BB infnrmnr. ' Itctwi.xl Aidennan Ab^l luid Kicliard Kil- 

KilTcrt wn* tiibtonupntly uiod u a tool in | »erl,' Ift41, and ■ The Vintners" AnawM to 
lh« profrrdinKi m iIjl- Sinr^bamber Ofainat 
Bikbup V^'illiunis ou a friv(doua charge of 
belraWng iwyrrvi s at n j>riry connclllor. Ho 
nikeJ lip I'tidtJito BirainNi llio moral chnnw- 
ter of WillinRiFt'- priiifipid wiliK«>, I'rr^'ltin 
(I631>, and William*, in hi> cDdeavoum to 
nbul it, i-xiHivd himtrlf to acharge of cnb- 
nmalion "f (■rjiirv (•« fitalr J'tiptn, Dom, 
ltt31, pp. loO-W). WilUama foolishly al- 

Kilver.' IWI. 

I Tho Inula mvauoned aboni ; Common*' JoitT* 
», ri. a«-879: Lord*' JoornalB, iii. 1(3, t1. 
H7; SUwI-apim, Dim. 10IB-»1: Hist. MSSL 
Comm. 12lb ItiT-. p). i. i'. IT2. I«. if. p. IM. 

SL. it. p^ T». Uif> Kop. p. 2«3. pi. il. i'- *73; 
larLlIs. 12l». rS; Wtiiii^ TnaU: Huihwiith'a 
Collortioiu : SmTth'H Oliiiuury (Cjiwlvn Sov.}; 
Ganliair'* Hi>t.\>ii. 351 . »;.] W, A. & 




KILWAKDBY, liOliERT (A li>79), 

"^Porto, wnsoii KnKliulimun by birth, tlioupb 
I tliiufl in knuwii iit bis fiimilv niii) uriKiii. 
exci^pt tliat a. nam^ake, Hnbt-rt Kilwardby, 
rwigneil ill 1^S~3 tbi- liviiifr of All SainM, 
Oncechurch Slrci't, I^iinloii (Pbckiiak, Kf 
fUttTiiVi. 1018, ttnlUSi^r.) IIq mtidird st 
tbe univnniity of I'nrii, nnd iircibnbly aUo 
at Oxford. At, IVrin be tauaixt fur u-MTnl 
yean ■» n uuutfr of urta, mid bifcunn: I'spi-- 
dally diiliu^iiiihttl iLa a tL-HcbLT iind writer 
oiitcruDiiiiur und liif-ii- (Tritet,)i. '.'78. EdkI. 
HiM, Sec.) Ii is to this poriioii of bi* life 
thnt liiit iiiip-irlnnt ^nnimnlirnl iiltd his 
thirly-ninr iihilo«opbiriii irnitiia's raiut bi> 
ttidljiiicd. Ivilwiirdbv liimlly nLnndonfd hi« 
•oculnr carni-T nnd cnlurvd ibc? onlL-r of St. 
Dominiir. IK- now devoted hiinwlf i-xclu- 
aivL'ly lo iLeolopy, and especifllly to llie 
study of tlie BiTiniures, St. AuguMiiie, atid 
otli«<Ts of ihi> fiiibers. Ilewu famous for 
dividing iii-nrly nil St. Aiiguttinc'* works 
into ctiaptrrr, and prefixing In eacb n itxott 
analy*i* of its conttuli (I'A. ti.1'7^). Among 
llii pupils in thi'olof^y wiu Ijiomas of (.'anlo- 
lupe [fl. v.], tli« future biabop uf lli-ri-furd 

(ift. p. aofil 

In tv*(il Ki1\i'iirdl<y wn» dioMs prorinciAl 
prior of the Doininiraiii in Miiglnnd, and dlr^ 
eliiirgrd tin; diilicii of thnt post with givnt 
itiiccrM for elc¥<>n jcnrs. In 1271 bo won 
tiriai-nt nt the Ri-nernl phnpltT of hii> otdctr at 
Mont|»Ui«r, nnd win di-ncribc-d nn a 'ffrtnt 
miuiliir of theolopj-.' In 1272 the Rwieral 
ohapltT Ht Flort'UL'i.' rotit-vwl liim of Lis office, 
but in tki^ snuiv yuut Ibe Eiigliab pmviuce 
•gnin npjiiiintitil bini pn'or. 

Thi? archb>fihopricf>f Ciintorbury hod bmn 
Tacant *ince the di'nth of Honiface of Savoy 
in 1270, a« tluimankiiof (.'untuTbnryiniiltited 
on lliH elwction of their prior. Adiim of Obil- 
l«nden,and li^wurd.tbt^ hint' BN>ii, wad «8>gi>r 
fop tlw appoint nir.-i it of Hobiirl Itiinii-ll l^. v.] 
Adam wnt lo Homo lo pnj" hiselnimsbut 
Crfgoty X nt Innl pc<r«unded hini to Tir^ijjn 
thcni, nnd appnintrd of bin own nnthorilv 
the provincial of tho Dominicniti. Kil- 
wnnlby'a nppoinlmant wns on II (Jft, 1272. 
H« received the apirltiiiilitiT>ii of bis sea from 
Bidiop Bronoscoiube of Kxvler on 11 Dec, 
and lljetwnporolitie* thrr'edny* Uier ( KVn- 
chmtur Aimal' in AHnnht Mmmttiei, ii, ]I3- 
ll.t). lint bnbnd nlrendy, on2l -Nov.,joint>d 
witb (lilbcrt of (lloutpiter nnd other mn^j- 
nnlesinriTOdnisinji VMwurd 1 ushin((on the 
duy lifter llonn,' rirnfijiieral.uiid in appoint* 
iuii n tvfrtiicv to lift niitil the new kin(^'« n.'- 
inm from tfio Knsi (Tiiivrt, p. 3fi;i). lie 
also ^nccfufiilly iniKrvrn(i<l in tbn atrife be- 
tween ihc Itiibop uf Norwich and hia town*- 

men, and procnMd a rdnxntion of the inli-r- 
dift proDOunood uninst tliat eitr (C'oTTti.v, 
p. 130), Tlippopi' having nmnted Kilwardby 
H licniBo to be const-cmtt^ii by anv iruiholic 

[q. v.^ bisbop of Bulli Olid \\'l'I1», to prrrforiD 
thnt office. lie was consecrdt*! on iO Feb. 
127:t at Canterbury. Itittiilen tlm liiidinp 
of Hntb, twelvn olhitf nuli'niKnnii of (Jant.-r- 
bury took pnrt in ibe ceremony. Yi-l it wbb 
uol unlil8MuytJiat Kilwardby received tho 

iinllium ut Teynlmm ( Wmeheiter AnnaU. ii. 
lo), uud hid enlbroiuMniMit only took pkce 
in September. At the popi>'B requMi bs 
] conipenanii'd Adnin Cliilisnden for bla «t- 

Knu-i incanvil in bi* boolIcM joiimpr to 
)nir ( nut. MSS. Vomm. fitb Itnp. p. 429). 

Kilwardby won Ibc first M«Doicnnt ad- 
vanced to a ({real p<>«l in lhe)lilnj;ti>h cburcb. 
Hi» iulenwi* remaineil excluuwly iheoIu> 
gical and eoclesiaslical, and he took littlo 
part in [loliiical afTnirs, remnining on good 
t«nnii Willi (^Iwiinl I, whom h» crawnwl 
nlontt with tjnnm IClcJinor on 19 Aug. 1374. 
He Joined wiib bin milfraHiini in 127ft in ex- 
horting Uewciyn of W'uleii lo perform hie 
feudal duties to Kdwar'J, aending liis fa- 
vourite clerk, WilliiuuMiddlel on, arcUdeacoQ 
of CantiM'biiry, on a special mimion to ilw 
Lord of Siiowdon iFtrdrra, i. ISSft-tf). On 
DcWRlyn ri"fii«ing to acri'pl bis tn<-di«tio«i, 
1277 (tVl. I. .Vll). 

Kilwnrdby devoted himMlT with Hon* 
energy to the jvitMnntic vintation of hia 
dioctt»e and province. After bolding a con- 
vocation in IiOndon, and makins an agre^- 
inenl with th<< chanter of i^t. Paul'^ aa to 
jurisdiclion dnnn^-llie vacancieRoft.faesw of 
J^ndon(VVii.xiN»,Ojnci7i*iT,ii. 26-7), ho belli 
in Decj-nibrr 127,1 a viailntinn at Worcrat«r 
^AnnaU of U'ormlrr in.-lnn. .Von. iv. i(tr>). 
But in ihcr summer of 1274 ho altendeO ibv 
council of Lyons, upholding during ita aa^ 
sloTi» tbe< pupal power in ila MPongt^t formft 
[cf. DALtitl!, llittvirr df la Mauon J'Au- 
ivrynf, ii. ll.Vl-l), Iicturaing to England 
Kilwardby ngiiin bu*icd Iiimndf with viHta- 
tion*. In N'nrcnibiT 1274 lipviaile<i Ilin dii>- 
ccMt of W inc bestir, beins rerrived on 2tJ Nov. 
on hi* nrrivnl by tli<; bishop. NiclioW of Ely 
[q. V,], and Bu1jsL-(|ueutly holding vi*itiition9 
or thi? nui);lib<oiriiiu iikiu a stories, lie kept 
Chritiltnajotl tli« bisliop's manor of Bit (emt^ 
ntMir Soiilbanipton ( WmrhMter AnnaU in 
Aai). Moa. ii. IISI, In 1276 hn made n pro- 
longed vi*itiilion of the va»t diociiie of Lin- 
coln. Iligioul lor monoatic rigour was *bown 
by bis expulsion of some duorderly monks 
from Banlney Abbey, Liiicolnsbim but tb« 
canons of Oan^y, whom he visited on 7 March, 





ilterly complsiond thai hf «<xaclixl frum 
them procwntion* amount lag to over iwriilT* 
filar marlu, whilu hU pr<dece»sor Donit'uoa 
bad bMit coDIvoIed witb four murkK onl^ 
{Aim. Otnty in Aim. Jifon. iv. 270). Ht^ now 
vUited tlH> nnivMfity of Oxford, aud, with 
Um ceoMBt of tlio regmt au<l non-ngmil 
■uatm, Holrmiily (viiid^n«d variou* «noii«- 
oiu opinkiB* in iinuiiinar, logic, aod natural 
philoMphy itml «ren> tlicn cutmaI in the 
luuvemir. Among the gmnmatical heratici 
ma tlin dortriiie 'quod (go eurril, tu ourrit 
et eurrorquefcunt pprfMrivot CDngriu>.' Bui 
aotav of llie otbvr NTon were of a more seri- 
otw kind. 9la(t«T« found cuiltj of tlieM 
■mm w«re to b« depriTod; bachelora w«<m 
beforbwMpn acnta totbr miiMRtship n&d 
" ih* iiniTPTJitv. Similnr ernirs wmu 
> liitlp IniPT ai l'uri», and ili« 
ledocuinwal Uxfonl wi-rp Bf^inctiiBured 
ld»t by ArehUFbop Pwbham. Tlio IJBt 
of «Rora caad«iBn«<l vy Kilwanlbv Iiu4 been 
MT«nltim«*|)rint«d^Pari8. ».(!., ^'l'>0»,-lio; 
Bod, IAI3 and l&ifti;. Arooni; tlir ponon* 
MfMarad vaa onv lUchard Clnpwrll, a friar 
of Kilwaidbj^a own ordtir {Aim. Duiut. in 
jtim. Afna. iii. 3S&>. In 1^77 he aj^in 
■led the diocew of Lincoln; Hndibemuulu 
DoBitable^ke bighly of hii> libenilily 
djiwtic«(A. iii. S76). I 

On Iti Juii« liTfi KJlwardbj wa» prownl ' 
•t tbo innilatino of |.)ie n>ini>iii« of St. ' 
UiAhard at ChirhrMrr ( Wtku> in Attn. M<m. ' 
IT. 368 >. ^V1len (int {ironncinl in ICnjitand 
be Wl beenoneofthscommiHaciauppotnirJ 
examine into llichard'a claim* to winctity, 
id lie aflerwanla eucouRi||«d the Dominioan ' 
btlpb Itxcking lovrilebis tifeof llieMinllv 
' <lin|i IffollanJitt Arta Siimtontm, Aiiril, I. 
■'). lU «a« alwaja a ^ood flrirtid of his 
■tr. Ill- bouffal a ncn-andoonvi^mi-nt iiito 
It llic l»nduabaiiuonf ilii> Duminif nnii m-nr 
ih.' Itaruard, nndmnlribuliil luwimU the 
itiliii^ of lb« atvr church and mniiniilcry 
:-i;t4Sn. tUmt.'ir S-riplC. Brit. p. '^"T i, He 
foiiiipicuous for bi« Mnocity anil carv for 
iriioor. llf niediaied betwi*u tWciliMns 
< iuit<^biirii~ in tbnir dliput" with CbriM 
uicli.wh(.-n tbo moailinn^tuifdtn Nilio nnv 
sbu« in pcnvidinft tnJdirn for thi- Wi-Iili 
mr. He Mrld fnipient iTnodt.IhosL- uf I'JT'J 
aind 1^7 nMrking important di.-rv'loiimcnta 
l^ia til* r«|ir(«euiation of tho low** clergy, 
^Hbbicli wai tinallv a^r'lematically n^;sniaed 
^^nrbitniHXworfStvnm, •%//!■( CAarlrrt, pp. 
^mU-H; Con,t. Ilift. \i.SO&). 
^P tin a -Mnr^li 1178 Pcvo NickolH lit, a 
i^^Twl friincl of llic Mcndtcanl*, nominali-d 
Ktlwardby, at bia lint civntinn uf cnrdinaU, 
to tli» canlinftl-bialiopric of I'orto and Sniita 
Kafl&> — AH ■pfKMiltDent wbicli nect-s»iist«d 

lu» roMsnation ofthn tre nf Cniitvrbur;' and 
his Tftideacf! at Komr. Kilvarilhy acc4'pled 
til* pott, ihuugli Itii; tcniporaliiiiis of tli« 
church of Porlo wuw inonnpamhly infririor 
totliowofCaiiterbiiTy. Soiii<? diualisfnciiiin 
I with bis work at (^'aiilerbury ralhor than « 
I dniro to do honour to Kilwardbv pruhabty 
' isipirul thit pipe to mnki? tbe t'runtilatiou. 
A« laoa na tb« appoint iiii>Dt waa known 
doubts wen.' nifal at to tlw> vnlidilv of hJS 
recent act susiircbbishop I l'r.r Ktu ». Arffutrr, 
I. 48). Ou '2li July Ktln-iiivlbr vilnmnly took 
hit leatw of hia aull'ragaiiB an<l di-'purlL-d for 
Italy. U* Muglit to iuctVBH.- bi« Icstctuid in* 
ofhi«<»taii-tfnriheyHr,>nd took II irn)- with 
him Kvf thouaand nurk* in maii'A', pr^s'Lous 
veswlB, church omamenla. and mnnuicripla, 
including a coMly new bible, all of irbich \»" 
loDgedtot.1ie«e(A.i.l7,S77,GGb). Mnn-im- 
portant than all.lie lemioriedalliherT'RiiiiiTii 
and jiulirial rocorda of Canterbury. I'eck- 
liam and hia auccnwvr soiiebt ill vain to re- 
coviT thi! ptoprrty of their cliorcb, hut never 
Hu(Tei>drd in t<<''<>nK uny bark. I'o this lUv 
the -ildtat nvorcU nf Caiilcrburi- bojtin with 
Peck barn's arc b bishopric. Ynt Pock liam con* 
MOirtinll rantter>. and bi^licvt^d that, if Im 
hod livod loiigf r, be would havv sent back thu 

Kilvurdby wa« nlivndy nn old man and in 
]>ODr lipnltk. Soon after joininK tlie oapal 
curia at Vilerbo he fell sick, lie wiia.bow- 
i-Ter, rmployed by ihc pope to write Intrtw 
to the * king of llie Tartars ' urcinK bii con- 
veniiofl to Clirinlianitv (CiiiTo.tii's, l'iti» 
J'^{<^uin,ii.ii24). liul he died ou II Sept. 
1279, and nafi hitried at the IMinJuieaucoD* 
rcnl at X'itKcbo. There was some «u*pitioii 
of noircn ((^nox, p. 371). 

Kilwurdbv was a very voliuninoua writer 
ou ^Tum inn Ileal, pliiliisonliical. nnd thuoloKi- 
cul sulyecld. Tnvet(p. ^<j) rc^nls bis cliinf 
works to be tlieee ; ' De Teniuurf,' ' lie rai- 
verMli,"DeKeLili«iie,'aud 'Ue UrtuSeicii* 
tiarum.'and [Ipaeribo'i the la^t aa'a curioua 
and uteful book.' It may he reffarded a^ the 
most importaul cif Kilwardby'ewrilingfi.and 
is iili^ntteal with the tri^atiap ' D« IKmione 
Scieuliarum.' which it Bomctimoaeonaidored 
aa an iudepeiidciil work. The larpi- oumbrt 
offcurvitiiig mnntueripla ahows that it was 
widely alitdied. Two aiv lu iLe Bibliothiaue 
Nntionftle at Pam, and two in tht< nodlolan 
liibraty. It is a commoninrv on Aijcenna's 
work witb the wimi- title. M. Ilnurtnu eem- 
atders it worth prinlini;, and fpi^a of ils 
cleame«* and uecurucy. In iill tliirty-niiiv 
pbiloaophical work* br Kilwardby are pnii- 
mrraled in (jii^Iif aud Echard a ' Scriplori« 

Ki (warden 


Kim be r 

<)rdiiiia Prodicntoruni,' i. STO-fW. 'I'liey on* 
mninlj' <!oniin«ntari«K on Arislotlir'ii ■ Lo^'ir,' 
with a kw tteatiw* on Aristoile's ' Psjolio- 
Iagj,*'i'1iynoi,*Bnil*Mi-iajibvfti(ii.' HUccim- 
menUrieAonTBriousiiaTlsof tli^ ' Or^oon' 
shoir, »a}'aH«iirEiiil,Inat lie van a Krupuloiu 
niid ininuti> loaii'inn. nnd h<i wan tinr- of the 
iiiort importnnt li'ochcf> "f llm lime in dc* 
T»loiiinir thi-dnptrini'^r ilii)iiyUotri»m. Huu- 
rtla (ii. 2. SI) 2) ({ivi'fi u K>ii>; i.-\lruol fruiu 
ku ' III' Urtu ' iiH II 9[H.-(.'Jmri] uf Lis pun'er 
of obridgiiiKAriototIt' tleiirly ntid faitbriilly. 
He tuyn llint h" wii-* n (iiwipl* yf 'riiiiKnnii 
Aquiiiai', bill iivvrr^ifmii to htivn nll■■lnpll^d 
Diiv ivnl inTi'siiKnli'iii of lii^ n'riliiiK>i. 

kilwiinlbv'* ircnli.'!-* on pnimiuur wwe 
frmiufiillv ititrd DH nil nulhriritv duriiin lUe 
fnurli^-iilh ci^ntLiry. Tbi^rv ntv niHniiM'ri|ila 
of 111* 'In Priarianuin de L'ouBlrilclioli'-l'om- 
ujCTiittrins' si Mwrlcn mid (•>r]Mi» C1jri«(i 
Collcpw, Osfonl. I.aTg* rilrnM* rnv givon 
ID Qiiiitif iind I'irhnni (pp. ■'t7"-f*l frnra his 
' tlQm 111 Pill nry irn llm SpuliMiri-.i.' of which 
Ihcire i* nUo u momwcripi ni Mi-rl on l.'oUpge. 
He iiIkci wroli.' coinmonlnrk-s on scriptuiv, 
'l)v pHHiuni^ CliTisti' nnd ' Du Sacmiuento 

[I^Unil'i Comiiiciiinrii de ffcriptoribos Bri- 
Liiiiiii'li'. i^p. 3H6 H ; l{ii<^(if Hiu! Ki.'!]iird'it ^rip> 
luFM Oniini; I'mlirutiiruni, i. 371-80 i DaIo'k 
Scripti. Urii Ciliil Ccnl. Qiurc.p, xlri(Bwl): 
Tilling'* HIM BrIl.-ItiUnp. 4AS.T: II oak'* Live* 
of Ihe Ari!b'>i-lioi'» of Canlorbury. iii. 304-26; 
Tamii'i llikloin dos liomiut* illuiirca do t'orHre 
do tlnlni-I)oiiilni<)ui>, i. 39T-'i04 : Iluur^u'* IIU- 
toire do In rhilnmpljin ^(•ulii.tiqiiu, ii, ii. 28- 
33; Miifkl'i Ui'tcliiohtr Jir I'liiltirapbie dM 
MillKlidU'r*. ii. TM- H ; CiirnloKus LiliraTum 
Miv^.Aiiiiliv 'C Ildi.{ 1(197): Nulicw dm Miunis- 
rriiB do in Itildlnth^iiuB MstioiiaK xxil. ii. 
30. DS, 97 ; Coie'ii Cm. Cud. M.tS in Ooll. »t 
Aul.Oxon.: TriTfli (Kngl.niw.Sop.); pMLkham's 
RrgiMor, Annnli* Miimwliri, CoUon, Oliron. of 
Kdw»nt I Ht]d FJ!w»rJ II (tlix Iniil fmr (ii Riilla 
8or.l : Itymcr'* I'Viltrii. vol. i. ; I'ryiiiioV Ko- 
cordf] T. I'. T. 

KII.WARDKN,Vw«icxT. [SooWotFK, 

.Vic'iiivii. I73'.'~I«0S.] 

KIMBER. IC1>W.\KD (]:11)-I7fl9). no- 

veliw and crimp i! it, Wm in 1719, wiis son 
of IiiiniT Kimber [i]. v.J Hi- «iiini'd a »cButy 
rubniHli'iiL'u by tuiiipitiii^' fur lii">h>'Ldti.-n, mid 
diud, vrom oiit witIi •unli 'Irmlitiir, in ITlJft 
( ■ ' 

K, JoHXBDS, nT»-fnop to W'jI-ridB Ilin-onfl- 
iffe, 1771). [till work* iiru: 1. 'Tbi- I.ifn nnd 
AdTrntiirR* of Jfw Thouip«on, a Nnmiliva 
fnimdod on fnot. writtsn 1^ himwif ' [aiioa.], 
'1 voIh. Ilfmn, I^^iiclon, ITftil: nthvr edition b, 
1"6I, 177r>, 17**.1. A I''r«indi tTatulntion ap- 

IiMMid in 1762. 2. *Tho IVtbbo nf Mtift- 
ftBd,' ISmn, London, 17tK!; 2lid edit. 17119. 

3, *Tbi; I'lHinige of Scotland.' ih'to, l^oodon, 
ir<i7. 4. -Tlir I'eerugw of Ireland,' HV0.1-00- 
doo.lTCa 5. 'Tli-ExriiicH'wnie*of Eng- 
l«nd," ISino, Loiulon. \7i&. lit- iJ»owr»le 
ni<>ini>ir* of his liitbvr, logrilicr with n pMim 
to hii nieiiioiT, proHnil to th«latl«r'ii 'Ser- 
mon*,' 171)0. Withi{ieh[irdJiihii!":>nh<-cdiii?d 
and continued Thomiu Wot ton's ' IJunint-lam 
of England,* 'A vdU. t>vri. LrfiiJou, 1771. 
Kinilwr'a father, not biinwlf, H8Xichole{£4(. 
Antcii, r.SAI) aM«nB,aii|ivriiiti>'nilpd ■ thin] 
ndiiion of Aiiwworlh'n ' l^tin Dictioiinn' ' in 

[Chalmcn'a Ricig. DIcL aix. ItD; Kldiols'* 
Iit.Aiioivl.ili.4ll; OaUof AdTOMC«i'UI>nrr.l 

O. O. 

KIMBER. ISAAC (1«02-I7fi5), K«i>nl 
buplisl miiUBliT. bi<it,'TUj>Iii-r, mid journalist, 
vtut born at Wnntagu, lti<rhshire, on 1 I>»c. 
Iii'jj. lie etudiiNl lan^iacHi uimIm" Joha 
Wiird. I.I„I)., profpwor of rbeloric at Gr*»- 
hnni ColIriP^ and »•■»! tlimutcb ■ COur*n oS 
jibilfli'nnliy nnd divinity iindiT John Kainaa 
[q. v.] llii first .lettU-mt- nl wnapsrlv in 17^ 
II) a.-uiitnnt to Jon-pli Bumiuf(fi> [q. V.l. 
ui i^lul'a .\ll«y. Barbican. He wu a diilt 

finr^ucher, and V(<rv Di;aT-»igli1«d, evvniiull^ 
[■Hiiig the sitfhi of <in« pye. lie left I'dul » 
Alli^' nn ^A JiiDo 17^4, and borniU" ftHii'tatit 
111 t^itmuid .\rton at Nantirich, Chmhin*. 
Ilrrp hf. publinhi-d ( I'-'i | n fnnoni fcnaoR 
for Mm. Milton, who i« uiid to Ii«»p bi«n 
iholhirdwiffof Ihc poi-t John Milton, t!lixa* 
birth, dnui^btiT of ^ir Edtrurd Miualiiill.viho 
dii^d at Nanlwich March Vi'It. Miltvn'a 
widow was certainly n lutrolierof 5iiioi'iij:n.'- 
gtition, but hi-r idpiititj with tin- siihjift of 
ibn annnon has been diKpntfd, as lli"n> wore 
two other LudicK of tbn laini- sumamu at 
NnutwiL'Ii. Hf Ii-fl. Nantwidi in 17:^7. and 
b'tiitnu iiwistunt at thi' ){i>nirml buplist con- 
(,'re|.'a1ioii in Old ArlilWy LixtK'. l>uudoii. antl 
nliout a ni-igbboiiriii^ci-ngiVKaliuii. On lli« 
iuouIkii million of tli-- T.wi idiid.'a his wrriOM 
wcri' dinpi-nsed wiih, nnd ho left ihn nrlira 
rainiilrv. He stiirti'd a iHTriodii-iil rslltid 
■ 'rii'' Slorning ClironicU',' which lanti-d from 
Jiiniiftry 172H to May I7.lL'. In 17.14 Wan! 
rond" nver bin sfliool near Mijorllcldn to Kiiu- 
Imr nnd ICilwnrd Sandcrcocli. but tbu Kbool 
dc'i^llned in afeirycorisaiid Kimbrgnvo it tij> 
and took to writing fur I liR iMJokrnllrra.i'diliii); 
.Mna worth's ' Ijilin Uictionnry ' in K.'tl. Il« 
dii'd of apoplexy early in 175ri; hii fnncrkl 
Hrmonwn* preached at I'aul'* AlU-y byltar- 
n>iijihs on !) Frh. ]Ii< was unf<jrlunBtr iu hia 
mnrriiip.-, liii nifi- iM-iiie insniii- for twwilr- 
ibrt"? ycarF. llii nim hdnnrd is aeparately 



Amnnn hispubttoatiouiwvre: 1.* 
of Oliver Cromwell," &C., l-3i,8«» 

(aix odi- 






i); « Fivneh tmulation nnpeuvd Ju 
S. 'An AbridgMiwnt of the Ilislory 

PnatlituiiaiB wute : 3. ' Twraty Suntuiot,' 

;, I'M. 8*0. 4. ' Sonnous' kc, IT-W, Rvo 

tit liM. Hh (dilcil tlll^ 'Worlui,' I7i[l, 

, i' rntt.^ of Williaai B('Vi*riilgc "(|. v.^ 

lixiBD B ' Ii£n ; ' and mntribuiml Aiu lur- 

t of tli« mrn nf l!n>iv« [[ to rhe 17-10 

nditinn of ibit ■ MnlulU Nitlnriw Aii- 

'(rf'WUUua Uvwell (l(13tt f-UttUt) 


(FdiimbI Samoa bj Bnrroiij^*, \'S&; Life 

IimI (i>8M««a«, 1758i Wiltoa'i Uiucntiog 

rehnorLMKlo«,tllt0m.2fi7. ISUIt.STO. 

rwirt'i NoncuiCntuilj ill ChMllllw, 1841. 1'p. 

7. 1M.| A. G. 

KINASTOJf. [SoeKTS*ms.] 

KINCAID. Mtw. JKAX (1^70-1(10(11, 
li!f«it, iI*uj2hli-T of Jfllin I.iviiigtiouii (if 
nipsTP, WW born in 157191 Sho tiuin-tnl 
.n Kincaid of WarrliiluB, who wh* ii man 
■Uliii-nn! in Kdinbiii^Ii, IwinK nearly i?on- 
trd vitL lli4' aiicirnl fniuily of KitiC'ilid of 

it illi in Stirliiig«tiit«, and poMeietd of tx- 
ix* MtaiM ill Midlolliian and linUtli- 
itrai Owing to »ll«gfid mallKotment, 
raoigwtbcoiicvivfd • dwidlv hninnl for 
atwhaBi), and n Rnrw who [ivnd in livr 
boupvii^gcd Imt ti> talii- n->vnp>. A tnrvant 
of bar fatlicT, a ym\b naninl ItnVrt Wi'ir, 
ytmt adnittcd by Mrs. Kincnid inin ht-r bu>- 
band'a chain bcT in hia liuuw at Warriiiloti at 
an wiIt bom uii tliv> nioniing of Tui'wIbv, 
IJuIjr 1000,uulkefaillv<t Kincaid wilUlut 
ftsta. Newa of ilie luiinlf-r iiiiickly reached 
Bdinbnigli.And 'tW Ijidy \\nrriiitOUn,"tke 
lia«M aourifv,' and btr two ' km-d wonutn,' 

IwaM amatod *nid-haad*d.' n'«ir twnpcd, 
ivfiuins t» allow Mrs. Kincoid to aooMnpany 
^n ill liii Sight. Till! }iritoii«» were itn- 
Mrdialely braiwlit before lh» magiBtntCi of 
Ediabiirgh,aiiirKaI«ic»of d«Dlli wa«{>a8«iMl 
Bpon tlieai. No official nx-ords of tli«< trial 
W* Mtant. '.Scho was tanc to iln- leinli- 
I III—, npon tlir A day of.Iulj, and lier hr-id 
Mradi fra lirr b'ulii:, at tlii? ('niinnttait-rit ; 

r'adcil very pat iwillr, llrr uurttcliu ouk 
nt nt (III* tami> tTini^. at 1 lioiin.-* in thu 
tnomeing', tin- .i of July '(TliKRtL. Ifiary, p. 
40). Acoordin; lo Calderw'jud, *ihu nnnv 
•ad ui» hyred wauan, her rotn{)li(ieg, w^n- 
^ur«l in tbpCa«tc]l Ilill nf KdinbnrgliNCiL- 
HHWiioP, I/ittory nf tJU Kirk i^ &-attitiiii, 
, !!7). In the brwf intrt-riil lintwn'n ihn 
iiUiBOf and i!XMUliciD Mr*. Kincaid wub 
uicbl, by ihn clK>rt4 uf a cltTf-ynitin, from 
k stale of (•lloiut iiulilfi'rvncf tu one of reli- 
'gioM reaiipiation. An aiiTli«iiiic and Jiiie- 
rHtiiif ' aeoMrial ' of bur ' convcrtion,' ' widi 

an account of brr Cftrriafe at licv exocutjcm,' 
bv uii t.-yT>wiliiaHi, w»* priyatcly pruil«d at 
I'^linburab in ISL'r, from a [wpiir pnwrviid 
nmoiip Wodrow's MSS. in iht- Advocates' 
I.ibmry, byOiBilRiKirkpitricicSlinrjiio. Tlio 
youlb and bi-aiit j of Sirs. Kiucnid nun' dwiOt 
up<m in niimvrouA jiupular balladu, which iim 
to U- found ill JatniMon'a, Kinlocli's, and 
BiK-linii';! ciitWiiont. ^^'eir, who wiui ar- 
tv«l«l four reiin aftnrwardii, w«« broken uii 
tb* wliwl (SO Junt- 160J), a ran* mode of 
exnciition id ScotUnd. 

[Piloalrira Oimtnnl Trial*, ii. I(.%-M ; Chain- 
Ioth'h Ihiniralia Annali or S«>ll.iiid, I. 31S_I7; 
M'^Rioriol ttl itio CoQTcnidn of Jean LirinnUin, 
183T-] G.8-lt. 

KINCAm. SiE JOHN" (17(^7 1W12), of 
tbi< ritl<^ )>rl^a<li>, aecoud roii of John Kincnid 
of l>iilb*ttih, npar I'alkirlc, and hii wiff, ilio 
doiuilitnr of John GnfT, wuH bom at i>iUlii-iitli 
in Jaiiuary 1787. lln was odiicatcd ut Vot- 
UKiiit Aclvio), Olid *t!trtt\ for a titni.- an liru- 
leiiaiit in lh« North York mililiA. On the 
I'ormiition uf lb* old Sn\ battalion (afti-r- 
wards diisIiiMidt'it I uf tbu 'Jlilh rlfln, now (ii«i 
riflo brigii.l.-. HI Iljlbf, Kwit. in IKH), Kin- 
cnid joinrdwiili n iiriifi t'f luiliiiavolunici'W 
fiMni tliR Norib Vfik, am! nivivwl n KTond 
Ii«ut<miuiry in lb» O'ltb, uitli wbicti corpi 
he wrvud thMiigli ihc IViiiiwular eiiiuijiiif;u!( 
of 1811-14 and at ^Yalc^loo (^inedal). Ho 
Inl the forlorn hope at oncof theaaMiilitof 
Ctudad Itodrip) : wan aevoiolr woundtid, niul 
had a bor«e shot under lum a« oct iiiR ndjutniit 
atWntfTlno. Hoauaincdilirnmkiifcnplain 
in t br rifln bri^&dvin iKid, and n-lit>>d by lalo 
of his commiMtoni 21 Juo« iKil. For bis 
Pcoiiiiiular (cnicoa bn nft«TVtardd rfwiit-d 
(be medal with cla«nt for KupiiIm d'(>ii»r, 
Ciudad Kodri][o, Hadojot, Snlnmanoa, Vit- 
torio, Pxrcnevt, Nicelli^ Kixe, and Touloute, 
Kincaid was appointed «xan of tlK- royal 
bodygikard of veaiueit of the giurd on i'l ( >ci. 
1^4. and, on becomtog senior c\uQ in l(i-^, 
waa IciiiKbtdd nccording to ciutom. Id 1^7 
ho wna appointed Knnmrapnt inspector of 

8riv)ii» for Scotland, and in I8u(l Sir Ocnr^c 
■rv\ [<i.\.^ coofMTPd on him i\iv npjHtinI- 
iiivnt of iiupector of faclorici: and priKoni frir 
Scoilaud, wliich be miRtind tbmuKb \\\. 
heoJtli aWlljr before hia dinlh. He dtml 
at Hasting*, nnmamod, uu L'L' April It^, 
agrd "1. 

Kincaid wai aiitbor of 'Adrenlure* in 
(be ICillo [triKade'(I.ondnn, If^naj ^ud vdi- 
tion, Lundon, IK'16) and'tUndocn Shulii of 
u Rilleman' (London, l^ui. Cope, the hi*- 
lorian of the rifle tniKade, lav* that, allhou^ih 
written with too much li^rity, Ihry cmitaia 
many fact* of intcTMI, nud 'ihu <Ule8 and 




^taremenls arv cunlirmed by more (onnal 

(Doii'a Kalel><iie<!. ISfiS; Mililiu anil Army 
IdBU. ttnilvr SiOra; CopcV Win. of tho llillu 
£rigiije(Luiii!uii. Iijfidj; Prraion'* Iliit. erf tho 
Ito/al Budyliuunl I LuiiiJuii, 18S;)i Gont. AThii. 
3^I Bor. III. a/iti.] a. M. C, 

ALEi^NiiEn, (/. I8*il, wpond Kaiu.! Kuucb, 
TiioHk?, ITtiK-lfMl.nlpVL'nih EtBL: Bbitce, 
JiXB.. IttI MSO;i, tweinu I-Ubl.] 


(I7fl2-lfl7»), m-t-chnncellor, eldt-st son uf 
NBtlmnirl Kdwnrd Kmderdi-v of Suiiniiig- 
hil), Hnrkiliin;, wns btirn ul. Mudrui, wliere 
bU riillii-r WU3 ill tbi.-i.'ix'it aemue of tlio ICasI. 
Iniliii Couipaiiy, on 6 Oct, JiOi?. He wns 
eduoalud fir-t at ilniloylmry, irilh the in- 
(«niion of eDlenntrili* lailinn civil oenicis 
but tubtoqiiciiitlv ha proecodod to Triuity 
Colleg*, CDiabrid)i<;, wlivre lie vita fourtii 
wrui^ler, and i;nidunie<! II.A. in Jaiiiiary 
1814, In October (if till- folluwiiiKjedrhn wns 
(rWliyl H i'ellowof hisi^iilego.nnd procfi-di'd 
M.A. in July 1817. He wiucikllod lothobiir 
ul Lint-oln'i Inn on 10 Fob. 1S18, snd iifl«r 
enjoyiiiR * mniiidi-niblo junior praciiei' was 
ftnjwiiili'd B kiiifi's chihbcI in Juniinry IfHt'i. 
Metoulcu Ii'udinL; position iu tliK rolls court ; 
in 164' becunii? i-Lnuct'lliir of llio county pala- 
tine of I) urbnin, und in March IMfi a mutor 
in clian('«ry. lit! was no) « poliiicinn, nnd 
yra* n>[;oiu mended only liy hiadrop U-nrniuK 
u;d sound jiiitgiiK'nr.' (hi iOOct. 1:'GI he 
vru appoiiiI'Ml n viri^clintiCHlliir und was 
kni^htvd. His jiidHmi.'nis nru mainly tv- 
nortod in Dri;wn*'ii ' ItrinTte,' DtewTy nnd 
8mRl«*a 'Itupori^,' and tli* ■ I.nw Rnpfirt*,' 
Equity Scr. voIh. i, ami ii. Iti- n>liml from 
tli« bencli in ISiiii, whi-n \in wa* sworn of 
llif privy diuiicil, and rc«;ivt'd u pi-nsiuii of 
S,600/. per uiiuuiii. l!u dii'd nt hi* n;flid"tie", 
Clyfft, ii«irIlorcli™ivr.<nii!20Ll.lf(l). lie 
married in 1W4 Mary Ann*, only dauffhtcr 
of the IttV. JHmi>« Irf'ikfli Iteiini^lt of Thcirpi- 
Place, Surrry, and by hi-r bad four cliildrvu. 

fFMBi Lire* of the JiidK"'"; 'fimM, 23 Oet- 
18T»i La* Titn». Nor. IH^u : Lit Jfumitl, 
lir.Ui, 723: Solirilon'Jouranl, 1 Nor. 1870.1 

J. .*. II. 



KINO. CnA!U,tS (/. 1721). writer nn 
econoniics a I>oiulon mewbani in ih^ mffti 
of (Jiii-on .\iiiio, w«il» iHiT»r«l paper* In the 
* Krilish MiTtlinnl.' a prviodieal wliich nj- 

tiearrd twice n utrrk OiitinK the summer of 
"la. at tlii> limit of tb» i^iropo«*d twnly nf 
commerce with France. Fbv olgect of the 

paper was to refnle tlie recipiuciiy arguutcnl* 
[iTopoundeil by Defoe in fnviiur of tlif trtiaty 
in Iii« 'Mercslor;' it was filarled by Henry 
Mnrtin,and tinral)r<r<id ain»n(;iUcnnlribuluir* 
Jfuhna liiif (concvrniag wlioiu influencv bm 
UtiMi:, mi'/foi'Airal Hori*. itsSI, iii. »W), 
Bit t'liiirlei" (\iolie. Sir Theodore JansMn* 
Niilhanii-I Torriann. and oilier lending ner- 
clidiilF, several of wboin had a tpwisraudl- 
cnce in ibe House uf Iiords on ili«i>ubi*ct 
of Iho Irfistv (2 and 4 Jiinit 1713). IWkcd 
up by t1i« I^arl of nnlirnn, ' tbc Kuppott and 
vi-ry spirit of the paper' {Bril. MerrA. Pre- 
fiLce. p. xvii), Lnrd Btanhupe, and tbe bulk 
uf tile mmuiercialoItttMlin lliecounlry.tlie 
' llrilish Meri'bant' more ihau n«ulr«lii>rd 
ibe elt'ecl uf I hToe's pB|)er,(iDd finally ti'curfd 
a majority of nine n^nliid tbn eighth ami 
ninth nriiclwof iliotn-jtty [n-e under Moore, 
AiiTJii II, fl. 171;;]. Ik object nchiered. the 
•IJrilitb .\lerc-liont' eeaaod toappcar, but 
Bio*t impurlant nutubiTB were collected 
vdiled by Kini; in boob form under the li 
(if 'Tlie Briliah Mercbant.orConimercB" 
-erveil.'a vols, ftvo, Ia>iii1o», 17 JI. King 
ul tbal litiii'<-lianili'>r-k(ii'p)<r In ihelreoiiuiT, 
nnd lie dwIioAted ibe ctmcludiiig Tolume of 
ihc workto i'liul.Meihuen.ion oflboframer 
of the Mi-tbuMi ttealv. nlid com pt roller of 
lii^ mnjiMiy'i buUHrbvld. He wus allowwl 
Wol. ISf, from the exchcfiiier for expnwM of 
printinft. and oopietirere lent tu'eacli oftlw 
cur|iunLti<ins of (hval Brilatn which xend 
iuenib«t» lo parliament ' at tbn coal of (he 
troasurv (Cal. Trrat. Papfr*. 1720-tf, CcxL 
i>3). 'l^ho worli tnny lliu* be ■iipptntd to r»- 
pn-nent iho vinwi of WalnoIeV (roreniment 
llliou|{b not perhupK of Wnlpole bim^lf) 
upon rL'.>nomic matters. It Was, hovrvver, IsM 
Hiiex|«»iii(>nort)ieory diananapiwa] tocoil• 
' tmiiiorary ci>iomfin «.'n»i», and to tfac 'mtKfniX* 
. involved in lli« tlelhnen treaty of 1703 
wilhrortufcnln^iinit the tuppciW'ilfaUBCMiua 
I doctrine of cvciprccity advanced bv lloting- 
bruke, and »et furib in IS^foe's '^Mav on 
tbe Treaty of C<miiH«ce wilh Trance,' t7l3. 
Siicli general ibeori.* ns it did ponlnin wor» 
' b«*)>d without allPTKiion U|ion the trvaiiM 
' (rcprintetl in li):t) of Tlioma* Mud |<|. v.], 
showinK that tbu object of c<nnmercial jiolicy 
wos'lu encrease tlie Mporlalion uf our com- 
inoilitie* nnd tu decrease ibe ci.insumptiou of 
' rareknwoTM.* The ' Itriii^h Merchant' ea- 
' jovnd unique authority durinjc the fiirly ^Mr* 
following its pubUcatinii. nnd its staliatica 
I (tlioUf,'h by no means invariably nccuralo) 
on Britiah Miiumerce, tlie extent of murkcts, 
yr\r« of labour, and kindred subjecls nrndpr 
It indii)>p|iiiablctolhr'lii>torian i>f commerce 
durinir the earlv Ue«r)iian rm. The book w*a 
I KpuUialMd in['ia,bul lhirr« i* no oviduio* 




to ihow if Kiug wks living; ai. ihiit lime, nr 

if t» wu ideal ickl wilfa itieCbnrlef Kind ' of 

WeMtaJMUv fTall.' printtT und publielii^r, 

*ha i«fiwd ibe 'Tncii ttftninat Poprrr' "t 

Michwl n«liin» 'q . T. 1 in 1 7 1 '>. and llic ' tieni'- 

j»I Tnutui- of M(irt«litT' of IticIinrJ Fi<i<lw 

[q.T.]iii 17SI. I 

[InfonMtioa Incdlv lapplied bj W. A. 8. | 

FIs<in»>,<M^af OifaM ; Tinder* Canciniatiaa of , 

liapin.ti.U; Bmr"* QdwlriinQlum Annn Pot- I 

iretiiBa.Tol.T.;W. LM'iDerao.i.lISi IhtilrCmi- 

nnt. 1 J.o. 178* ; Si«lwl»'« Lit, Anrwi. »iii. 208 ; 

WUlit, r<uwnt Solw, IHiO. p.Sa; MCnlloch* 

LiUman-of P')!. fiti/n.-noA l»«»lil>')ii nt Ailnm 

Switha Vi'otti. uir. ■>., xxxT. n. : MAoplicinu'n'v 

Abiul*. iii. SO: RMnher, i. 970; Wau'i BIbt. 

llnt.i Bni. MiM.Ut.) T, ». 

KINO, CHAR1.E3 (1687-17+*), inii«ienl 

miDnMetitlie e<iii of ClwrlM and Mary Kioji, 

vuDora M Bary !St. I-Mmunda iii 1<)87, niid 

*u WptUed ill Ht. M*ry'< (,'burcli in titnt 

^ Imrn B Juhd ItllVI, ll« lii'i-ttini.' a cUorialfC 

i nf St, Pnnl'* (JiitUedral, iindBr Or. Blow aud 

JfMotiAL Ulmk, sad wu iuW(|utfult_v np- 

oinud nperauiBenr)' nna;«T in tli>^ «iumo 

•tirat anaaniwl MUi7ori4/. On l:^July 

MiOr he iiroceeded i« llin Aegmo of MiiR.Itiw. 

*« Oxford, aud in th« iunii> yinr morriiHl 

CUrfc'* asHhrr. At CUrk'a diritlh (I Dnc 

(Inoacr and 'mn^ierof itip cfiildtvn' of St. 
Prml'i, and in 1700 wu i-U-cteil. iii nddilion, 
Lin th>r iKXt <if organist of Si. IteuH Finch, 
litoynl kic)i>ui.'«, lu 1730 lii- wm iiouii- 
[Utnl B vicaf^boral of Si. rniiV'. aii<l b'.'lrl 
IU«t office tt'illt hit ornniiI»litn nnlil hi* 

KJflg cootpowid R UrjiR numlwr nf nnlbRim 
udcbBKhMtrricM— a(«cl wliiclifpivHriiulv 
Uauriea GmneV n'oiBTk tlmt 'Air. King 
Wan ■ wry irrriefable man.* Tlio citlus of 
hu beet-lniown works are: 1. Anthema — 
' H«fO*c« in (lie Lord,' ' Hear, Iiord,' ' Opny 
tor the paac» of JoniMlvnn,* ' WborowitUnl 
•liall a joavg mnn.' S. Sorvicpa in V, (.', 
II fInC, and 1>, wliicb arc aliU ooouiianally 

Jh^otihir). Koor of hia antliuma an: to bo 
band in I'agv'a * Haniiunia Sdcru,' and two 
>il Sterena'a 'Sacml Miuic' Other of bi« 
CotnpMitKHU are ineluded in Arnold'* ' Ca- 
t IimIibI Mumc' and ibo Tudway Collection 
( llarl. MSS. 731l--L>). Soma wrvicM and an- 
tbvoM bv Kinji wgM piibliabed MMiutalf 
"Lb lA.W'aml l(m. llawkiaa mnarln tbat 
'Kinji'a inferiocily wna duo mtbvr to !odo> 
Ittncc tban wajtt of nbibly.' 

(OMinan Eta, jr. All: Diet, of Ha». 1824; 
,On>n'a Diet. : |ari>b iwgUler*.] R. H. L. 

'IStW), author of worki on enjtnivod (rema, 
was bom no fiSvpt. 1818 at Nowport, Mou- 

luoiitlishirv, wlit>t«hiH futlicr waa engued U 
a iibippin^c ag^ni in tb^ ir^n trader H« et^- 
l^rodTrinity College, ('ambrid^. an a siaar, 
ifi October 1838, iind wiu flortfld trholnr of 
hi* colli^nr ia i><i», and fdbw in I84L'. Il« 
gradiiali-'d in IHIO a.* niilb in cbiu [. of lhi> 
olnHsicul Iripoi. Abuiii Isl:! Kinj; wi-iit to 
Italy, aiiil tu(<r<! speiil wvtnil yean studying 
tbe Jlalian language and lilcratui« anij tn 
coUocting' antique gmu, which be procurod 
at mitdoraio pnow, «»p(iciBlly in Itonw and 
florcnw. Kingttft»!nrnn!aincri"n«i>d luiccil- 
Inction bv many Beta* pun-hnaprl nf ICnttirood, 
thi! l.;ondon duaW, and nniiiirod i<ppcimcn4 
at tbc salu in liondun of s^VLTni iuiiiurtaiit 
cabinvlA, Buch aa Ibu Murtciis-ScbnafbHtiBiMi 
(Prauni, the llvrli, and tb" I'lielli. Tbe 
oollfction, formed between IS-IA and 1877, 
iilr imatfly conhiatvd of Xi\ nnttrnrnd slonoa, 
raoNi llinn two-thirda of which wi-m Orrcb 
and Unman, tbe rpmaindir b«in(t Simnnian, 
Unoatir, ond Oripntnl. Ahoul I87H, vbon 
bia vVHSLflbl was sL-rioiialy failini;, Kmg sold 
bis collection, and it is now in the Metn>- 
politun Mii»euuiofArlaiNt>w York, to vrbich 
it wuHiirMented inOclober 1881 by Mr. John 
Taylor Jobnaton, ibo Tirmident ol (bnt in§ii- 
tiition. A cnlnloeiii naa been priiili^il, with- 
ont chnngw, from Kinff'a own miinn'cript. 
(dated ■'»'V\-h. 1H7SI, wiib tlu- lillc, 'Tb-f 
,lohn»I<in ('iilU'ciion of tlnnnivttl (irma' 
(.Vrtrofi. .)/ua., St:vi Vnrk, Usndbook No. »). 
Three l!n>ek murbli^s wbicb belonifi-dloKing 
on: dr3i-ribL<d bv Micbai-lls in bis ' .Vneirut 
Marbles in Grval Ilriliiin.' |iu. ^il^.'. 

ACu-r King's rvliirn from Ilnly bialifewa* 
cliielly «pvnt at Trinity rolliten, ('nmhridfro- 
lie wan in holy order*, but had no euro. 
About liUSQ ho woa one of her majcaty'a in> 
KpMtors of acbools (CVfiyy tut, 1800). At 
Cambridge King parsed u verr retired exisl- 
enoe, eiigagi.<<l in tbe com posit ion of Tarioiu 
works, Init taking no part in tbe educational 
life of the pUce. The few friends wbo knew 
him well f)>und bim a iDnd-bMrtod man and 
a deliffliiful companion, full of enriouaknow- 
M^ and [juaint humour (AuiIH WnioilT 
in .i/A«i«i/ni). He wna widely reiul in ibu 
On>ek and itDinan cln»lc-», without having, 
however, a minute pbilologipul knowledgs, 
lie bad siieciiilly studied PauMniu and 
Ptiny'a 'Hist«fiiu' Hb abort-eigbtedneM 
alwajs niMler«d reading dilBcnll for him, 
ihougb be bad 'a micrmcopicpowerof dia- 
oommenfforotgectaaiiebaa^m*. Hiawrit- 
ingaon ancient grma are original, and evince 
tlis axperionco of the pnntienl collector. In 
England they have atimulated on iutereat iu 
cly^ioirrnpby. ibuui;b tbef are oReti marred 
by defecia iliie to iu»ufficienl nnmifematic and 
archivological training. King died in London, 




nflpr a. britf illuMA, of a bfonehial cold, on 
2^ Mut'b l»<tfS. There k a portrait uf liiui, 
in a tnivellingoodtuiiie, by OeoTge Mason, one 
of hia ftiend* wlien in Itom^. 

Kiii);i]iTnaRipiil pubtirMionK nm: 1. ' An> 
tiqiiii (5.:m«,' l^nd'in, IftlJO, Rto. 2. 'Thci 
(hiMtiei anil iboir lUwainti,' London, 1604, 
6vo; 2iidedit.London,lti87,Svo (forra eon- 
tmrenv ae to mi»pnvU and nllvrnlioiu in 
tliU edition Me .^M^uiVKni, Jaiiuiirv-Jiiue 
J88»i. pp. «1, 46-'*. 49ft, 535, i«12. fiOii). 

5. 'Tfi* NnMirnl Hislorv . . . "f PrflCbu* 
SlonMnni! (»om« and if tlio PmciouK Moliils," 
Lnndnn, IfffWi, Stci ; nUo a 2nil wlit. in 9 toln,, 
pubtidird lis 'Tlia Nntunil lliitorj- of (J«o«, 
ot Ik'conitivL' StomV ('ombridKi'. 1S87, 8vo, 
ftud ' Till! Niiluml Uintjirv of Prrcioui .St<iui» 
and of ihe Precious MiMiif^,' Cambridge, 18CT, 
Hva. 4. 'T1ie1luii<U"ii>1< ofEiigraTM (iMoa, 
London. li*iw, f*To : itnd ndli, 188^, ^fo. 
0. 'Ilarntii (>pi<rn,' illa'.lrnud liT untiqiia 
gnnw nck-ctod by C. W. K., lf«!B. 8vo. 

6. * Antiqui! 0«roa and RinK",' vol. i. fvxt, 
vol. ii. ill uMral ions, Luuduu. iSi'2, t*va. 

7. ']^rly CbrittisQ Nitmisiuaric nnd otliur 
Antiquarian Tracts,' Loiidoii, 1873, 8>'o, 
& ■ Plninrfli'R M-^mU.' Tr«n»lat«dbvO.W. K,, 
lK92(Bohn'iClniuical Libmry). k ' Jiiliiui 
It<i Fcapnn>r . . . TlicoHipliiciil Work*.' .tc. 
Tf«n.lMed by C. W. K., 1888 (Hobn". Cloif- 
Bieul Library), 

(W. Atiliit Wngbt in Alhenicum for T April 
lamit.r. 4411 AthrniFam (or 31 March IHHH. p. 
4I3| .\nuliiiiiy for 7 .\|>ril IliSS. p.:!(7: (Itl- 
uf .lolinslon Cull.; Bril. Mok. Cut.] W. W, 

KINO, DAXIKL (if. Iti64f>, mumvi-r, 
mn «f WlUiam Kiiifc of Cbtvter, baker, wiu 
B]tpn!Dli(«d (in 3 &«il. 1080 Ob paint«r for 
ten yuHN (o ItaiiJle Holint- the older [q. v.] 
After carrying on btiainciM for tome- y«cLr» at 
Chen«r, lw> mnovi>d to London, wbiro in 
lA.Vt hn published * Tim Vain ItnTnll of Hiif- 
liuid, or Ibc Coiiniy I'lUatinH of t'lu-iiiT II- 
ItiBlntiil.' folio, Thisiraswritti'n bvWiiUiu 
Hinilh, Witliain Webb, aud Samuel l,«c, with 
%n a]>i>viidix nil the Isir of Mnn by ■Tainvi 
Cliklonvr. The deilie«li>m uloiii* i* by King; 
indoed, Dugdol* told Woinl tliikt Imi wa« not 
•UctAWnto nntin-ntd oftru<<KnaUjdi,b«illg 
' n tniMt ii^orani, lillr fi'llnw,' and tnomoror 
'an nitnnt ktiavf.' Tlio i-nHravina" '" ''» 
' \'ali^ Itorall ' an* adiiiirubly done by Kiiifc 
hiiuvlf in Ibt fllrle of Hollar. T\u- • VbIi> 
IbiraU ' it ('ml>':Hlied in OniiMod*a ' liiKlory 
«f Cliealiiitv' l>^II^Knd an aWidgrn^nl witli 
NOtM fay Thoinaa lliigbra, 1-~.S..\., wns niib- 
liahed in 18tS. KiDgnliu)Piilili«ht<d: I.'Tlio 
OatliedmllBBdOnnT«fituallCburch(i*i>f Eng- 
land andWnliM ( htliagnplucnily Udinpaliil,' 
IflGO, oUoBg 4to, conloining fttlTengraving*, 

c platt* 

tlin« or four ofllicm by ll'jiliir. S. A trails^! 
Intiuu of the 'L'niventat Way of Pyi'liugJ 
W O. de D««argu««,' )«•%$■. 4to (Itrit. Miia.1 
Cat.) 3. ' An Ortliomiphinal I>«i^Ti iiI 
»everallVi*wesnmmv'KniLdin Kiigland onli 
Walo«,' abnut Km. IIi> i-tchnd ximu plate 
fornuKdnli)'ii'lIoni«ticon.' ()nririliii^C* 
tar in liMJOlu- was rtveivi-d and t-nli-rtaiv' 
tbo SlatiuQLTn'Cotnpaiiy of that city. 
BtalM that lie niadu uit imriirtiitiatemarTia^^ 
and that aft«<T bis wife had robbed and Mi' 
him. h'.' died Iieanbrftk«n near York IIoum^, 
iu th^ Sinnd, about IfitU. 

IWowl'* Atiiona- Oaon. (Bltu), ili. »3: T. 
Uugliiw in ChMl<r ArcluF»l. Him. Journal. ilt> 
Sa. 24(1; Sir W. Dogdiilo'a Diary (Elanrer), 
1 Hi?, p. 1 03 : Bryan'* Diot. i>f Pniucfa and Ba> 
grvmn (»i«rM), L TK ( Brit. Mm. CU I 

r. W. 8. 

KIWO, DAVID, LUD. Of»06-l«83V 
Scottish dirine, *mi «f .lohn King (I'tfci- 
1827), iWHlor of ilt« aecond united aasodatc 
church inMontroae.byhiawifeEUUfdAUglhy 
lor of Mr, Young, n Monimim mnrchnnt, wai 
botn in Montnwo on iO May ISOO. II i> im- 
ceAtdts had bnnn tuniuit* ofCMflcn Mill,lM9U^ 
Boilh, for i>'rBl KiiDDratioDa. Kbtf bagw 
hi* rdunulion iu the high achoot <a VtmtH 
rcte, rtnd matriculult^d at Abefd«««i (7iiivr'»' 
niiy in ISlJy, but ufti-r ii jrear was lmii*fi'mid 
bv hut patvnts to Eilinburgh UniTnraity. 
lli-rv hp booame a good classical scholar ani- 
6h<>vrpd a taala for scienre. Having conkr 
plcti'd his arts oourso at ICdinhutuli, be re^- 
niovrd to OlM^n- to aludy tlu»Io|p* undvr 
.Iidin Pii^li [ij, T.J of tliB •L-OBuion church. 
IIpwu* lipL-nsL'd aaa probationsrhy Lhi' pti.>^ 
hylun,- of Eilinbuiyh. On 1.1 Jan. IMO bar 
bvcami! minislFT <il the fir«t uiiitMl MOOMioil' 
church of DalWilb, and aftv? th« d«atli cf 
Hr. Dick h» r^move'l l« Grayfriam MieaMaoaf 
church. nia»g<.>w. I-'i Oct. 1S33. At GlaHq 
giiV h(i dia|i!ny(nl innrkiMl orgnniaini; powav 
and Piithiuiium. lie brttan a Hvatniiutid! 
u>rics of nii«ioiu to the pwr; >r»« tlie lin* 
loi'»Ubli*hbamosforpuorboy«lh«'r«; andailt 
up ctasaiU for th« instruction of young mnOf 
inbothaaorwl&ad tecalarsulgocts. Tticlin^ 
foreign iniasioii to Trinidad connected vitV 
ibe aecanion church was originated by bini* 
and WM mippon.-d during the <«rly yt«n) uf 
Ilia r«finod and ly m pu I h i' I ic h( y li< of priMcbi rig 
wa« eitpvctally nitmciii-e Iu young nwn, and 
aludcnts of all denoninatioos alttuulml his 
iniuiairy in Grv'yfHars. Tin took a deicin 
minnl poiilion in farour of thr diieitnbliiibj 
nii^nt of thf> C'hnrch, and waa ouociatod 
with Lnnl Bmugiiaia, O'tVuincll, and othef 
loaders of thv lime in tlwanli-shiwr niov»- 
nunt of I63tii. The niuveraity of Olacfoif 




I lb'- ilrjrtvp of LI^D. upon lilra in 
tictouk lis nrlivi.' )mrl in Ibi' foiin- 
dilira of th'- Htansvliml AUinuce in I"*-!!!, 
mojlllreili^d nuD^ 'if (hv nanunl ponfiTvULV^ 
iM b T>riou9 yuii of Eiirop«. TI(> livlpL'il 
totri»aIi'itiI UMi union of tb« iec«iuiAii utid 
r*rf miirdiii in 1847 to forni iKb uiiii>-il 
ptatftcriui cIiiikIi. In 1A4A bi> Iwalili gnvo 
^r^j.iad \io0iaf\ayed lii« Miforccd Irifurc in 
VMtinit Jamiica and tnaltln^ n (our tbmu^li 
tin ritlti] BiBtM, ivttiTniritc lo Scollanil lu 
t^r (iillC'U'int^ rear. \.'nu\ llSVt h« continurd 
Miirly fnifajf^d in tL« multifariousHcIii^mcA 
nnwcixtl with bta <lMiomi nation. Illnwtt 
m«pfl|p(l liim inrnaiNrn lib po«itif>n At (itvv- 
'rimCliurch 13 Fi-b". l*'>6. llo iviirw! w 
Kilermtan in tli« Firth of Clyilp, andin ISBO 
irafttiMto I.ui>ilin. Harinif wttlpdai Bnyn- 
*tU9, hv fi>iin'l«l a prvflbytortiui con)^>t{>i'* 
linntlirrrr. aii<J latiotiivil in tliim^tiarler, uniid 
iMiij i!Uroiin^n-]iiMiT>, till 1^«U*. IK- «till 
efTfd Iiis cnmtH-cIion with lhf> iiiiltMl 
^b^rtarian ^huivh in Smtlnixl, and woa 
brifT. mnilnralor nf thn ■<nind r>f ihnt l>o']y 
1 IMVi, t^kiiv a promtncnt iibttn- in the 
P"Ti-tDi-iii (l««.S-7^) for tile union of tbe 
' cbiiri'L of SMillnod, lliv n?forin«l prw- 
pKan rhurfb, iliv iinili-d pTV<ibirl(-rian 
skJi, aik) tb^ pTwIitrterian church in Rnz- 
ni. Tliotigh taij> union wns only partially 
■linfil, Kinj;'* altitudn lielpvd to promolQ 
«iciliatr>Ty fivliiiir. In Maivh 198» ho ac- 
IfitM a call tn tlin (mnll rnngTriinition of 
|[onunf(ini|«rKdinliiirKh,but in l''<'briiary 
yrs ho wB» fiircpd to rviifpi all siiniiitcrial 
tV. Ht- dit-d. aftur anicu travel in Murcb 
rh<^li)i. in I<c)Ddoo on SO Dvc. IS^. 
Kiiie'A iHipiiIaritj nA a prraobeor ov««- 
Diailnwod fain n-niitatinn ae a wri(«r, tliougb 
>n fi;w bnoki wbi.-b biT irmir wnni T«y ««0- 
wful. Hii nrinriiMil wotki" wrfn: l.'TLo 
III Unit KMrrsiiip," iklj.wliiirh went ihmii^ 
lir«e nliliuiu. 2. 'The Lord'* fsiiiiprr,'|iM6. 
, 'Geoiogv and Iti-llt'iuti,' lS4EI,aii nitcapl 
ta recoacilittion of the script ural and ncivn- 
iBir orrouiil' of llii> frealioii. of ubicb iivo 
litinn« Hpnt ptiblii^he'l. 4. ' Tlic SlAli^ and 
of Jaraaioi.' I^'^O. A voliini» of 
i]» •vrnxioi wn* pnblinlinl p(uthniaou<>1y in 
P'*'*<i. with a mirmoir of him written by hi* 
Kidnw. ibe dansbti^r of ProfminT Jniou 
KitnMin aad si^iierof Sir WiUiamTliamson 
«fnta«gow I'liirnsily. 

[Uctnoir a) abon.] A. II. M. 

KIKO, Sir EDMtlNn (I«20-I709), 
phyaiciati. burn in 16^, pi«cti«ed, uAirr up- 
Mcatievnhip, Bfl n »urp?on in London, lie 
filed at fint in Littk- Rrituio, oacl bad a 
nnaeiitn in bit hoiiM wliicb bi- look pleamiw 
in abowiag tg itnHent*. n« tised (o keep 

dried (ipeclineiu,aucb as ibn il<.i>-neLMl vnlv», 
jiNMsd in a lar)|« pajwr book, and bi^ <1J»- 
H«i«d animals ae well as the btLmim 6ubji-ct 
(.S7on*i jW*. IBOO). Abftnt IflttT, lie t.«>k n 
bounr in llulton (innlon, and iron innrriod 
BtSi. Andivw'iClinri;b, Itolburn.onSOJiine 
ItNKt, to K«bticcu I'blmoJof Uil' adjoiaiog 
pariah of St. Hupulcbro. tn tb« wmo your 
be publishtid in ui« ' rhilowphica) Tnuicac- 
tiona' a paper on Tbe fitmttiiyta»Uia» parta 
of the Mdy, and maiatainud, from miL-ro- 
•cnpic oli«nTali(in, ibnt they ciintained I'uor- 
motu numbor* of minnle bloud.rcnu'I*. In 
ltW7 tbe ' I'biloaaphicnl Trantortiona' con- 
tained a tmig accuunt by bim of thn Iran*- 
fuaion of tlio blood of a* calf into a abcvp, 
with a view to proviiic that one auimol mnv 
liro Willi tho blood ofaaotbcr. Tlio expert- 
wont WM Mnfiilly ooodueied by iuvhiu of 
un uppantiu of pipM and quiib. i,| iflfljt 
he published furtbirr mictoKopio rnuuinhtB 
to Miow lli&l elands consinleil of tubco and 
vessels onl)'. Ilewaitfond nfiuaecia. uiul in 
1067 fiabli«bed a paper on ante, and in 1S70 
OM on laof cutter bew (botli in • Pbilono- 
phiealTransactinno'). He hoij einmiufd tlw 

rnf ants miero«<',>pioally, iind »ltidied 
Mays of lift in anC-bilU. ' Ik- ii probably 
one of th« inreeltgatoni de«cribcd ua antmen 
and beannen by the UucKims uf Nowcutle 
^Mtripti'm of n AW tt'orH, IMS, p. 16). 
He va« a^ijuatuied witli l/ird Arut\d«l, Sir 
William I'«tly, Dr. N«-dlinni, and Robert 
IInvU,«itd SOlneuf his e^tperimnnts were cm- 
ried on at Animle^l lluusv in the Slruni 
Sbrldon, thn nrclibi^bup of Cant^rbui^-, 
orCBtvd liira .M.l).; b« was incorporated at 
OuDbridge in lU7],andin 1077, on bringing 
a comniendutoiy letter from the king, was 
admitted an hononirr fellow uf (be Cii1kij{o 
of Physicians of Loudon. He mai admitted 
n rrgntar fellow Ii April 1«S7, liein^ one of 
the nominecaof Jaint'» UV charter, and wns 
thus complololy conrerted from a turK«on 
into a pbyaician. He was knijibteil and 
sworn pliyiiciun to th» hbc in UI7(1. 

On the nioniinft of 2 trb. KlfSI H Kiag 
wu sent for by Clinrip* II. Charles talkrd 
incoherently, but the jibj-sicinn did not luccr" 
tnintho morbid change at wort (1(08X1.7, 
nutory ofkU oim Time, edit. 1731, i, WW), 
By Lord I^ftirboroiigh's advice he pnid a se- 
cond Tisit to lh»i bndcbauibi<t-, and nr (ho 
fit. King bled liim immodialely. Charlw 
grraduuUy rejniint'd conacionmeM. Tlwolhitr 
physician? who arrived approved the bleed- 
ings, and tbe privy council udvisfd that Ki«^ 
ikhonid rccive a rewurd of 1,000/.; but 0* 
that bo<ly ha« no command of funds, nnd oh 
the (ubM^uont fatal termination praveuli-d 


1 18 


utif exprSHlon of nml gratitude, Kinfr n^vcr 
nweivml hi« f«>. King amiRiTod n( vipi^r 
powder, biit liknd th« voLitUo suit btil«r 
{i^riffinnl lotlcr lo .Sir linn* Sloane). Iti 
tho * Philiwo|j!iiciil TraaMotiona ' for 1«80 he 
pubUihcd au ucn'ouiit of the nutopsr of Mr. 
Itnbcrt Biicuu,Hd(>iut>nteclperwn, wnn hnda 
colcttteij {liiieul ii^Ifind in his bruin, rennl niiil 
VMicul calculi aiul gnllAloniiK. ttniiiniitioiti 
ihat he hail diMttotdd oirn liiiii<!ri>d bniim. 
In thp ptinfacn to tho ' I'linrmaacutici; Itu- 
tiooiili* i>f l>r. Thomn* Willi* [q. v.], who 
bPCKtno hJB dull! friund, Ktut;'>i desti^roiu 
diMucliona uiv comoti'tiduJ. His iivxt obaer- 
vntiotu {Phil. Tran*.) WAra ou aiiinialculm 
!n jwpper. He had loohwl et lliem ' wiili my 
heat iuioro«cow,' iind lind nnticod lliiil wIhtii 
onU and tona licrb* wt-m IkD in wutrr. living 
orgaiiistDHbociiiiindi^povc^mbleiQ ii. He lrii.>d 
the fifloct* nf ■nrk. ink, aiilphiiric ucid, iind 
Olhdr fluids on ih^s? ainiL-biL'. I[i N'jvi^inbvr 
ltl8R he ptiblinhcii u funhur pujwr in 
' I'bilDsuplilFiLl Tranii«ctioiis ' on the tuhuUr 
HTrui!iun> of tvproiliictive elAnda in men, 
^iiiiiea-i>ipi, und biilln. ll<i had sconaider- 
nhle pnc'ici;, Sraat which ho did not rutin 
till ho wTU novcniy-two, and thuaMfonvnrd 
he fpBtit much timcin tliBoounir^. llinuwo 
Io» nf ftrvn^'th uompcUed him in 1701 to 
ffivu up ativudiuft th«i tgeA voer, Sir Chartva 
Sedl«7, vrhoM death he had forelold at his 
flrrt Tint, knd he banded on the ^ati<*nt to 
Sir Huu Slaaae (orinual letters 111 Sloant 
US. 4000). He di«d in Ilatton Uarden 
SOMajr ITOO, Hi« portrait hv L»lv, which 
he bequenlhod in ihi- ('ollojc" of I'hjrsicinni, 
■nd whicli hnngt in the r<>u,dinti-fi>om of thv 
00lleg<*> n-t<n'><'ni.i Uini with a Iani« n:qULline 
noM uid a dark coupUxion. It wna en- 
grand bv WilliaiuK. 

tUuDk'a C«lt. at PliTi. i. 418: Pliil. Trans, 
afthn BoptlSoeiKjr; ^rnct'ii Uist of his ova 
Tim«, London. 1134; VTilkin't Kiir Thtiinfiii 
Bniwnf'a Work*. Irendm, 1834, I. M: fUiM&« 
MS. IWt in IbitMi Uuaems; Ur. Edmrd 
Browiio'i Joorul; Sloano HS. lUJO, K. ICO. 
IT*. 179. !%• >Mt, a Uitar <a ih* dMih nf 
Sir ChailM Hnllfjr. U diilcJ in trror br S«r B. 
King hiiueir laal fov ITUl.] S. JL 

KINO, EDWARD (161^-1637), frieBdof 
Milton. «'M }-ouni;^ Min of Sir John Kinr 
(rf. I(V^( ) ~ii. T.\ al oDP liiiui of hVotlM-rooCK 
liall, Nortlx»lli-rton, Vork»liirp, but ani'r- 
irard» nn acliT« civil olliort in InUud. Kd- 
wanl Kins, U*ho|> of I%lphiD. was liit frod- 
falhur, and Sir Robert King [>]. v.J vra* his 
•hkatbratlwr. Gdaard waa bora la Ireland 
ja W\i, attd aeemt to kan been panly edu- 
catnl at tlie selmot ofThotMaaFaniabr [q.v.] 
in Lundooicf. J,aUEd»nuJ»Kimji . . '. llOit). 
Iln WM admitted a pewoaor of C'hria't Cil- 

l«g«,Cntnbrid^,oiili June lU::M,at the ii 
time a* anotli^rhrollier, It«gi*r, who ww tw 
yvanhis teniot (Giltryt Admi/ti'/n Ji'iok). In 
11530. in maipliHRCri vilh a rival rnandalt^ 
Edward wn»iAeoti.i!tonf.-llinri>bipivlOhri»t'». 
Millon, who was al»o Iwo ycnrn hin epiiior, 
was at tluit time jiLipin)- to obtain a lih>- ili»- 
tinction. In tbe muiidatv, wliJi>li in dnt^j 
10 June, hismnjtisty isuiid (o In- ' wi^ll ii*i:er- 
tainad both ot the pn<««nt talTicii-ncy ^.nd 
fntUFD hopes' of the now ftilnw (Baker MS. 
i«, 220). King, ho«p»vpr, having Iw-en bom 
in Iri'lond, his vkctinn, oi Ihn unn of a Yiirk- 
shiri-mun, j^ve tup to Bomu diapuUi, and the 
que^ti'jus anninuuiit uf hin rh-ctiun %rom not 
Mitlcd until 10w(iA.ix.217). Kinttdidnot 
dinctvdit Iherojarrecommiiiidatiun. Me op- 

Siiw to hnvo bft-n popiilar in the collein*, and 
ilton hinu»lf bKcnm>i wnrmly allaoanl to 
hia rivul,on account both nf hia amiable di»- 

(loiiiioii and scholarly lostiM. During IfiSS— I 
Ciu^ vi>a« pnoleotor of hi* oallcgo, and Uie 
odiniMions are in his liandwritwE. He wm 
also ono of the tutors, and W4* looktM foe 
ward lotheeareoTof Bparishpri«et. Attha' 
doso of tbo ocwlemic jw 1636-7 Ktnf aeb 
out for trvlund, on a viiit to hi* hrutber 
ICoU-Tt and two of hin viiltni. Tlin wuel on - 
whifh he had embarked left lb« Mtuai}' of 
lh» Dee, and whs coa«linK in calm wsather 
along the Welsh shotv, whuii it Mruck on a 
rorh and foundered. With ihu exci-ptiou of 
a few who luanagvd lo |;et into a boat, all 
on hnnrd pnrijihviL Kin^ is Mid ta hare 
bcltavoil with calm horowm ; aAer a rain 
endeavour to pruvail upon him to eater llie 
boiit hr WB.1 Ivft on board, and wa« lasi Men 
kneiOiuj; on deck in the act of ptarer (Ac- 
count pmlived til the O&w^im). HiaiKatli, 
acc'>nliii^' to Itflker. took place uu 10 Aug. 
(4 Id. .Se.ttilis) 1037; but his unme in llie 
audit books oecim in the liot of I.a<ly day 
Id-tlJ: it i* also entered, hnt omsod, in the 
lint afniidiutnmi-r II13K. Hit nam>', wriitMi 
by kimavlf in ■ smalt and vitt hoautiful hand, 
occun ill a coUcige order vrrittun in an old 
lease book. 

Kia^s re|niletJoa for poetical ability i* 
hardly sastamed by his extant coeopOMtionJi, 
all of whicli were ooBUibuled U> varioius col- 
laetioM of poatos by Caabtidge edioUn. 
They are as follows: 1. Foiir metrical ooan- 
piMiiion* in Latin, *i|nied ' Kd. Kiof, Call, 
Christ) Socius.' in ppu 30-8 of a Toliune en- 
titled ' G«neth]taeum UlmUissiBonun prin- 
cipuin, Caroli et Mariv, a Unais Cant^ri- 
neosibus rel^bralum,' CNtnhrid^, ItRtI, on 
Ute ooeaiion of ili<- birth of the IVinceM Mot; 
on 4 Not. IiI3I. S. Some I.«tin iaaUca on 
pp. 43-1 of a coHortioB of OambridM Tcnm 
mlrbraling tbe kind's ncorery from tli* 





taiH-jox in til* wini^r of lO-'Si*, bdiI rn- 

tiiM * Aniliolc^ in "'VP' Ktuitlwimiita ; 

HB paluUiio MuMram Cantoli. do fulicis- 

HBtMKn-al* Iti-ttiiiCaroU Tal«(uiliii«,'(^"ii>- 

Wft, 1033 (nrpiiiitcd in Nicnou's Cbtler- 

lim^liieiiu,\ii. ~ii~<iS). 3. l^tin laiabiu 

in * nniUr colloclion cmigntuUliii^ tli« 

' bofonbia ufo iMura from ScotUnil in July 

IcS, entitled 'llM Kdnx, <ivR Umuk Canla- 

biiptata, vtc, d« incolumilat« ct fi-lict ru> 

dila ilcgi* Caroli po«t nMM.-pt«in coronom 

e«aiitiaaiw pcracU in Scotia,' Otmbrid^, 

1433. 4. Latin Umhnca prefixed u 'Senile 

CMiuib; br Peli^r IlBaklM Tq. r-l \>^i- 

6. L«lin vlHgiBCH io auoch^r cofteclioii on ihc 

tnrtli of l1i« l)uk« of Ynrh oi> I.'. Oct. Itm, 

eaiitM ' Di»cie Ebonwcnut KmriDr a Miwia 

CftnlibrinnuibQi mjiiim cuntoxtic,' Coin- 

farid^, ln.13. (V Latin staonu in « like col- 

k<Ctiim in lionnur of ibu IjirlU of Uiv l*riiic«M 

Eliiabcth on L'S I>«. ItiSu.t'iitiilBd 'Carm«n 

Nalotiliuin ad cunii« illiutriMimw piinoipis 

EtuatwthiL' dc<CBatatuii], intra natiritatiK 

Domini Ml^innia, pvr hiwiil«« Cnntnbri^iir 

muaOA, l.It. 163-'>.' 7. Iambic Uiiin vcrsi-i 

in MnOthft onllnclion, which vnm cDtitlvd 

'Zmtaa, life Uiuorum CniiiabrigieiuauiDi 

oonccntiM ct coDxntulatia ad HtrvniMimum 

Britonjuinun Iti-f,-na Quotum <le quinta «aa 

Mobole, cUroaina Principe aibi nup«r felici»- 

■ime osU, JLP. 1037.' 

On ihe inivlligeacfl of liia il«*lh nwcliinK 
Osinbridge, King's fa<« w«a cnBUnamoratM 
hf BwnWr* of the uaivonii^ in a Mftwn at 
•riliiMawi which cloarly ahow iluit he had in- 
apirod among bU fiioid* no ordinarj Hiwrn 
awl KiriM. Thm«oDmpoaitirin>t appvortsl in 
twu Paris, both priulfd ut the- univenity 
pnatatn 1638: ih»lbnuFrci>iitiiiiiia[.'(,w>>nty- 
thnt p*««M ill Latin ami (ir>.-i'h. mrltidlii^ 
one b.T Paraafair, was cnliiM *Ju«tA Kda- 
nrdoKinf naufngo ab amici* mcBNmiibujt, 
■iDoriii rt ortiat X9P"' '^''■^ MCond port 
crioiaint [liirircn Ki^liih uioiii*, and is en- 
titlrd '(Hi^niiirti to thu Momorie of Mr. 
Edvrar.! Kiu(.-. -Vniwi Dom. l«3S.' Of llet* 
JtliltUDA ■ l.\cida!i' is tlie Ust. Miltoii Iiro- 
bnhly iii<>.k<)lt^l hU pMm aJ>«r an llalinn 
ectiiguo enliilcxi ' PhrlU*.' reconling th« fate 
tit anotbnr Lycidv ; tbn auUior, Artiiu Syn- 
eonix Sonnaiariaa, wiu ooi^ of .Milton's fo^ 
vxNinto pncti (if ibi! Itctiaiuancu. 

[MaMtiii't Life uf MilloD. Tol. i. i infurtnniliin 
snp^ed frun (vllfso dacuwents b; Dr. IVtIv. 
noaW of Cbrul'aC>U*ii*; iKtor bv Vt^euai 
J. W. Uabt hi Atbaranim. Juir 1891, pg>. IS9- 
IM.} J. B. M. 

KINO, KII\VARD{173.'.M807).mi»«»I- 
luMow wriirT, Iximabout 1T3.\ wa« tlioonly 
auaofEdwanlKingof Norwich. Ibstudicd 

for u limn nC ('lure Hall, Cniiibfidt*6, oa a 
ftfllow-pommoniT. (In 18 Sept. 175M he was 
udmillcdami'tnbi.Tof Liiicoln'tlnn, ntiil wu 
<-alI«d to till? bar in Micliarlmnii li^rm 17iS3 
( Linf'iltt'i Inn Hfjifter and Uaf Jlooi.). An 
ompte fortiiiie be<[Ut..ull]i^d tu hiiu lir hi* 
iinclc, Mr. Itpjwii, a wIioIumIu lil»^n(Inpcr 
ofKxcIfTr, r(Tiidi>r(d him in(]i>pciidi.-ut of bi« 

Sror«wion, hut he ivgularlj- atiouded iliu 
[urfblk diviiii fur come 7Mn> and waa ap- 
polnttsl reconlur of King's Lynn. In hia BI- 
IMidance on llit! circuit he dofundcd a lady 
from a faithli^M lot ^, and aflcm-nnlii mamivl 
her. Kinij was elt^cted F.ll.S, on 11 .Mjv 
lit!? |Tiiim«i\, Uul. y fcy. ,%c. A|>|>ciit). 
iv.p. Uijand t\S.A.on3May irrOiOorcH, 
CAronvkyical Lilt o/ Soc Antig. I'l'M, p. 2J(. 
IJeooulnbiitrdiiL-vcralpnpRnliitlui' An-ha-o- 
locin,' BmouK nhicli wt-re ' Iti-ainrh* on tho 
Abbey Church of Bury St. lidmuniU in Suf- 
folk' (iii. 311-14), ruprinied u-parntrjy in 
lT74,'Uliwrvniionaon AuIientCai>ltua.'wil)i 
fourplnt« (iT..'«tl-H3).an!l'AS«!qiiel to 
ObH-niiticmt,' with thirty-one plates (vi. 
L*;il-."[7o), ftUo iuuod ■cpamli'ly in t7S2. On 
ihe denlfi of Jvrriiiiah Blillm [q. t.] in Fe- 
bruary ITS4, Kinx wiu i-Iwrti-U lii» unrcL-wor 
in the prwidenoy of the Sucivty of Anti- 

Jiurieion the uDdcrNlauding thnt i'>v 
emtn (aftATwanlr E«ri of LeiciMivr) would 
aammo the oHicc on the cusuiuf; ^3 April 
(\icuou>, Illuttr. t,f lit. vii. WU. Kiuff, 
faowo%-nr, soii^t to obtain re-vleclion. and 
that by tlic cmploymrnt of lUi^ciieroiis tac- 
tics, bat WBB dufwitiid by an ovi-rw helming 
mnjorily. His lowacli on quitting the chair 
was pnutvd, and Iw sub««qutfnlly printoil a 
letter in riiidication of his couduci nnd n^ 
flivlini; npnii iho enrl, and thLiiicpfurttanl 
cj'iwod to mihii any commiinicnii'HiH to tbc 
Soritly (Niciloijt, '/jf, Ant*:^. iiii. o7j. 

Kiufc's li^fl>■■p^rnIowo^kap|K'a^•rlil)lT67 
uiidi-r the title of * An tsauy on the Kni.'li<li 
ConstitiLtiuii and Ooveniinenl,' Xvn. In I7)M 
he iMued. wiiliout liis name, ' Hymn* to the 
SiiprMne Ueing, in Imitation of tbn ICnittrn 
Son|i«,'<tT«,ofwhich two edit ions wpTninunl 
in l7Wi«nd 171W. In 17S5h«ciriuluti.-d.sUo 
anonymoiuJr, ' I'ropnMils for EttabtiBhiiiij at 
Si>a a Marinu School, or Snminary for Sea- 
men,' Jl:c., t*%x), in A letter addnuspd to Jnlin 
Frew, vioe-pwwidMit of the Mnrinr Society. 
Jonas llanway, in a n^po^l uadc to thip m- 
rivty in .Inly of that yoar, bad jtropraol a 
Ur^« niarino nclinol on land. King pointed 
nut ol)j«rtion» to lhi» «clieino,and «u^'K''-i«1 
the fit t inff up a mnn-of-war oa a mnri no ^clit^^l 
(ct Gail. Mag. vol Iv. pt. iL pp.flOt-S J. In 
17GS he jHiblishnl 'Morsels of CriticiJ^m, 
tending to illustratu som« few paiaa^ in tfa« 
^ Holy Script ufM.upoitpliiloiophicnlpriBcipIca 

•ml nn «iilarg«d vi><ir of tliin)^,' larg« -llo. 
Anioiig utli>M n)i«iirdiiie8 King aitiMiiplcd l>) 

Eirove tlinl JoUn the KaptJet wbi> nn angel 
roul liraveQi <>id tlio *nin« wlio fnrmi^rlf np- 
peArt>d in the poMon of lUijab. 'J'lir' work 
un it« lirst ntipvAranco wuncvi-n-lycriurisuJ 
by Iticlianl uouglifij. v.] in th« ' ClL'iitliMnnii'i 
Hftgniiii'' ' (""l- Ivrii. pt, i. pp. Ml-i). A 
uotitw o( tliu Wilt in MatliiiLs'8 ' PumiitH 
of LitenilMrv' (.'r>->t^)j sitnii' deiiiatiil fir it, 
Ami a scootiil edition, to wliidi was aJilm) a 
' »u]'iiU'ra<inliil port, j(i»iftiioil 10 diow, •till 
mwru fuUv, tlii" porfoct ron»i«tflncy of philo* 
■ophii^ril uiKcnv-Titu, ami of hialnrical faciA, 
witli llw TRVnnlrd Will of liod,' wn» pub- 
li*1i'il in ltiU()(avoLt.roli(i), and (lilt) niK'ciJinJ 
pari of tiif t|uurlo i-ditioii {Literary itniiuirf 
of Lii-ing Avthort, i. 33»), lii I7i>il Kiii^ 
piibliilic'd ' An IiiiiUli'in of tliu I'ray^r of 
Abi-I.' and during the mime ywir ' t'iin''i'!i>rn- 
tioni on tlifi t'lilitr nf tU«> Natioiinl IWit: 
and un tli« I'riHu^t Alnrniinj; tVisis; with a 
Short Plan ofn Modi) of liirliuf/Svo. InlTWJ 
be wrnli- •oiqp whimaicnl ' Itcmurlts conc«m- 
iog ^iionoK Hnid to liavi- fullcii fruiu tlii>ctiiudi!, 
both in iWdednjAanil in mitiuiil tiuim.' M'o, 
Ofcu.iii^iicd bvnciippo»odxliowerof gtoiiMin 
i'lucany on 1(1 Juiw of that ywv. Eingn 
m-st tfeatino, collnd 'VosligM of Oxford 
Casilti : or, a vmnll frufiinetit of ft work in- 
tendtid to bl^ pulljnbod p|H.>>;dilj' on Ihit lliit* 
tory of Ancionl tJnrtloii,' &c., fo)., Londun. 
IfUG, wwlbllnwed bjliinfftvat w,)rki.'nlitli>d 
'Munimonta Aiitiiiuai or, UhH-rraiioni on 
ancient l^tlm. iuoludiug rcmurli^ on ihf . . . 
pro^r>'**of Arclut«ctun>. . . inUrvnt Itriloiii, 
and on ihu . . . chnn|rcu« in . . . Lawc and 
CiwlorDH " (with Appcndii), 4 voln. fol. I.on- 
don, ITflD-lWa. I'hc bonk U full of fnolith 
iheorio*, inisplaccd leuning, nnd liliuidi'rn, 
but \\ii: iniportonoe of it* plaiui und ilcluitn. 
doKpit'' iiiut'i-uruuiM, is ffmcnilty rt'cuifiilFii'it 
by antiquarli'4. Louis Dat«n« liavin^ tahen 
i>:tc«pt ion to Kinx's thMTiM on tho jnfvntioji 
of tbuarch iii'ltflnhnTcWmrlolnniiilf^plus 
neolA d'> I'uMigH dm vouius clii-i Iw antiriiK,' 
4tO, IKOIt. Kiuf'ttntioipati'd hi* fourth vultiuii? 
by puhlinbingdurijigtheBHiui'yuaraii'Intni- 
duclion ' of tiTMity-oiip pngiif, in whtcli lio 
vLjlOTUUsly defandcd binviPW*. Diittinacoii- 
tiuut^d tliecantro*«ny in Ihroo m'troiructii, to 
which Kinffn-pli'Ml inan'Apptndix'lo'Miini- 
nt^nm Aniiqua' ituiH-d in I80(>. Iiil'tluKinif 
wrotoanothtr HXtraordJnary pninphlel cull<<d 
< IbimarkH ou il>c Signs of tlin Timi».' 4lo, in 
Heoondboi^Af I')*dnu<. Iirilutr'dhy lIoilEh'n 
ofiliquft on thiB IrncI in \\\v ' (.iunlliimitn'B 
Alni^ina' (rc'l. Uviii. pi. ii, pp. *i(tl-3), hu 
WAX a viduiil lotl^r to ilin printer, John 
Nidiolo. King atldod a ' Supplement 'to his 


' lU-murks ' in lTtK>, but this wa< di-iiK>lisl 
by Jtishup lliirnlry in ' Urili'.'al DiMiiilBitt 
on th« f.iKlit'Tvnt li Chajil^r 'A I'aiali, in a 
lolKT to B. Kin(*.'4lo, I.DOl ft™f. Mag. vol. 
Ixix. Dt. ii. p]>. 'ISHi-ria>). In 1^0» Kinft paU 
Hilled Aiionyoioualy ' Honnil Appn>lirn*><>ti*i 
or, tho nnbiswd . . , t^onfnuiion of Failh of M 
a plain honojit l.ny-mnn.' fro. It in »lrii-t!jr I 
oTtlindox. KinK died on 1*1 April lN()7, 
nKcdr^.andmiaburivd in iht- cburtibyaixl al 
lltvlu'nlinm. KenI, wh^n^ wad his vonniry 
nc-at, -Tbci I hiki'n,-,' un Clay Hill, lie had 
rt'iid much, was exi-epiliii^'ly ti>nscioii» of liia, 
opiniiiiie, und woni'l coni-^nd with n* m 
Mai fortbe^-I^ninrncuof lhccom-ipi>niWli«t 
botwoen St. l'a<il und SiTiKfii nod of l1i« 
apoOTfphal writinir:! u* fur the (.■anoiiieol 
IxHiks. Ili* colliHTiiont of prints and dnw' 
intr» ireri! »old by auction in lb08. 

(ClialmorK's niog. Diet.) O. O. 

KING, ICDWAUD, ViBCoiyr Ktnos- 
niilloi:oiHlTB1-lt'-17),lionioii lltXov. ITBO, 
wiwIdnctwinofCfoiriri'. third varl of Kings- 
ton, by l<udy ilelrnn Aluiir!'. only lUughlM 
/'Arrai/c, l8iil,p. 780). AflpT his father wc* 
ect-deiltolhu-.-HrUioni in 17!I9 howanlnwwB 
bv tli« courle*y titl<? of VLiivmnt Kioirc 
boroiigli. 111? mnlriciilaii'd at Oxford from 
Exetw Coli«g:c on ^5 Junu It^M, and km 
Michoolinas titriD \^\% gnin^d a HMXiad clUi 
in cltiMlc*, biit did not jrnidiiste (F< 
AlvYMi 0.ivn. 1716 ISPfl. ii. 7M>. In 181 
and nijnin in IWU he waa elwrl-il M.I*, fof 
Cork couniv, but rmiiinitMi hid wtat io ir*iH 
infnvonrofiiiflyouuifWf bnitbrrll^ibwitJ"" 
'if Memlifrii uf Partmmmt, pt. ii.) 

The sight of a M«ixictin ninnuKript in tlifll 
Bodltasn Library iMormim^d Kiuf- tc>di-vot«J 
his lifptothp stiidycif Ihcnn'iqnititiAiif thai 
country. Ho promotc-d und rditi-d, with 
coptuos DotM, u mB|{nifii'>.<ut work i-iitilli^^ 
' AntiqutliMof Mexico, cotopriMng fsr^iiuilm 
of Anci*nt Mexican Paiatmp nnd Hiflro- 
([lyjihiO' pri^nn'pd in . . . varMiu I.ibnirii'*,fl 
toit''lhor with the Monnni«nt«of NcvrSpnintV 
by M. l>iipnix, with. . .iiccompnnylnK l>e- 
ocriplion*. Thi! whole tllnslniliil by luaoy 
valuable MaiiuBurints by Au^'usline Aglio,' 
9 ToU. imporiul ful., Ixinilon, IrUSCMS, ii^ 
rlndin^i: sinly pa|ii>« of a projected tdtlb 
volume. Four copins worn printod on Trilitm, 
wilh ihi- platns coloitrod. It i* *nid that tlie 
work was undwtoltan by the luiooii 
and with the advice of 8irThouiaal 
in whosi> collect inn many of tli^ tuanu 
nnd drawinj;.' iisi'd in it were pref»nre 
(M^clUT, Auitalt «f thf li/tillrinn IMiran/, 
^lid odilion, p. 32J). Tho drift of Kind's 
BpeoulolioiM is to ustaUish the colnnianttoa 



MfxiMi liy ibe luMliic*. Tlin book can 
inff i>p«;nrtU of H3J0O0I. uil hii life, dp* 
■(■sMHt Willi ilrbt.lK^wiu amslnl at tlwiuit 

B pap^r uiauunirliirur, aixl Ioi}ip<d in tli« 
ertJTk prison, Dublin, wbi^re be died of 
phnsfeivTonSr K<-b. I H^, anil n-u buried 
filcb*t't«ira. 11« wiui unmnrriM. 

[Oeut. Mug. new ■xr. rii. tU*^; Aoa. lUg. 
|U7: W*)>b'»Omp«adiam«fIniliUi<)K.p.37S; 
^lUboiM'- Ihn ] 1). O. 

KING, Miw. l-'(tAXCKS Kl,IZ.\nF,TII 
17*^7- lljL'1 ). nallioivja. [No> undcc Ki.Nu, 
Kkiuku, 1748-ISia] 

KINO. GREOHRY (l«4S-1712). heml.l, 
gMWtlORWl, cttirraTrr, an^l i>lalinliriiiTi, bnrn 
•t lif'Iifi^'l, St«ir<)f<li>liirr, oa ITi IW. 1(141^, 
WB» rlil'-it MO irf tinitcn- Kinir ot ibnt oiiv, 
hy hvt liprt wife, Eliiabi-tli. ilnujtlitrf of i. 
AndRWHof SamlvriFb. Kent. lliHOiibi-r.nii 
pliabed malbvinBlifiuii, f^inod a livp- 
' bj- aurvejinff lund, lairing oui onia- 
nrdctw, ana coui^lriiciirig suii-diiila, 
habit* were invgular and his iaconw 
laus. Thn iKin w«j| nducaled itnder 
iCDu Bcrans bnad-maiilnr nf UcbflvLd 
fimmnur tcliouL VVIitm hn Ictfl unhool at 
thp ajTPof (ourtiKii be kntrwLuIinandOrtwk 
and llie n*'br«w eraiiimHr. Iti I ti'ivmbcr 
ISfiih^WsmHckrk to SirWilhumDiipdale 
[i{. v.], Nom» king of anoL Duj^alu beld 
k viniUIton 44 Uu» wbule of liii province btv 
wn-ti Ii>>~J and lOdIi, and in aiiiiir of lliu 
rtbitm cDiinliiw bi* liltlo cli<irk, wli<> n*at 
TV •muU f'vr bu a^^r, di>tinMt«d ' the pro- 
M!ta i>f I'lu-n*, cnallcii, and other rema^ 
" f^kiMta embluoning ortnorial b«*r- 

vrem IMT and I(HS) Kins vrl» in tliu 
MTVion of I/ird Itatton, wliu was fonniti^t a 
eollMilno of tbu arnis of lliu nobility. In 
160f> bp rolumnl to Lirbfi->l(l. wliere he 
)Ui]iDnn«l hiniMlf h^ Ivaclunx wriilne aii'J 
■nthmelic, by Mintiiw iiAlcFjinrnifi, nii^ni, 
ktul ooachM, via bv irlvini; innlnictioin in iW 
ftecipliiirmciil of unru-tit noonU. llu likn- 
,«we ttvneetibed (lie family rounimi'Db of 
iVallcr Chetwrnd [q. v.] of logiMtn'. At 
b*< eoil of l(Ki!> be bniano tbe rii'wanl, 
.u'lilor. anil sfcn-lnry of the Itowa^r Lady 
Ifintnl 'if (li-mni'ii Dromlny, widow of 
Ch«r!>-«, nnd iDotli«>r of T>i(;by, lord (iorard. 
lie n'^iilcd with the Indy'i falhi-r, (ioorp> 
"ijlby < i( Sandon, 8bifli>td<hir>i!, unt il A ngwtt 
ti, wlii-n bu oatM back to l/imlon. (}n tJin 
HBdaiioa of ItoUar tbo vojinxn, J ohn 
the printer enplojrud bim to vlch 
r>r Sir r«tirr l>ej<weier's 'liittoripal 
iitii)uitin>:' for ibe edition of '.-EMti'a 
abUa'l^ vol*, [.ondom Ifi72-S, f>fo), the 
'D<i*cTip4ionolPM>M'(liI71t),Rnd foranotr 

edition of Com den's * Itntanoiu.' W)iilei>ii> 
lta|i«d en the lost vcotk King imt^lli'd into 
Vjsaex with a survi?ynr itainiKl Falgatv, nnd 
ill ib» winter uf 1*17:! tlierconitrucloil inapa 
of Ipswich in SuOblk and Maiden in Buex, 
whirfi were afl«nrBrds 'reij curioutljr 
finiahod.' King ataoauiatediii dittwisff the 
inaD of Ixindon, eubwquealljr engmvcd bj 
Iluliar,and hn «iipnrintended ita production.' 
Hu projected and mana^nd a loiiery of boolct 
to n-eoup 0)plby fur tlia rnqji-nu'ii incurnNl 
in ilii<w underlakinRs. "iid a fimilur lotteiT 
whlcli he siiperintendvd for llrimol fair 
pro%-od ver; proStabte. lie next edited Ibo 
* Hnoh of iCofld*,* digesting ihs nuteti and 
dirnrting the enifniTiiigfi. threw or four of 
tvhirli hit PXtfcutM with hbown liand,(iiees 
b'inghisn^rlimt irx^iL-rimniitii with t lie irmver. 
Hi- uiidiTtDok on hi* own ncrount the map 
of Weflmiriflti-r ( Ili7'"t), and with thn auiist- 
aiiceof Folate foni|)lut<.-d it in aycar. Alter- 
wiifda be was employt^d iii vnfrravinK Iho 
lott«^■wOT'k of Biaiw. ITn coiiliiiii«d to nn- 
^va from I67.3 to I&O, and oompiled a 
portiea of I'ranci* MandfW's 'Genealopcal 
IlisiorT uf the Kinnand ({lUMiiaof Englaadt' 
while Iiis friMiid the autlior wu prostrated 
by illiieM. 

l.ondon was indebted to Klntrfor tlui lay- 
iiif out of the alKefts and aqouw in Sol'io 
Kielde. Solio Sqnsra vas rormerly cnllvd 
Kia^s Sqnare, and Itimbanlt auggeela that 
Grnsk Strml, braierly Qrig Street, was so 
called aAnr Kioff's cbrution name. Many 
of the first huildinfr anicliw or lease* ia 
Tarioui part* of LoiMon were dnwn np by 

At the College of Amu hu fonnad a cIom 
friunilsliip with Thomas Lee, CfaMterhonldj 
Mid the r'arl of Xorwioh, depalj eorUniaT* 
ehol, on Uw't r^i-nmnn-niUtinn, rreated liiin 
ItoUfm Draiinn pnraiiivanc on 24 Jiin>j li[77 
(Xonte, OaUfffe,./ ArmJi,^.SfH j. In Michaut- 
ma> tiirm of ibiit ynnr Kinfc brought an 
oclion for libi'l in the court of liing's benrh 
Bhiiinst one who had chBrBwl hi'm with 
chmin(r (Keble, Hfpoiit, ii. •iVio'). 

In lit^O \\'. tvcnnvi^d from M\a hoiwo tn 
Ciiveiil (larilcn to the collpgiv llv aasi*1nl 
.Sir Henry Si, fieorife, Nom>y king of arms, 
in hi* vititation* in lOMI snil I6k2: sad la 
litM he wai nominntrd b;llit> Diihioif Nor- 
folk to till- iifficn of n-Kiit rar of thcCirilcge nf 
.\min. He wns consulted about the corona- 
lion of James 11 and hi< queen, und w^i the 
princi|>al uutlior uf (he 4U[Hnb volume con* 
taiiiiiigdei^rripiionaaiid splendid oii^^Tinn 
of that c^rrmony ( London, ]M7,fol.), tbota^ 
he allnvnd I->anci« Siuidlbrd to affix his name 
to thi> title-pant. King contenl^id himself 
with oni^thirir of the prolil', hut the book 

K 3 




did not inMiir until ju>l bi-fure tlii- Uiiding 
at tlis Prmoe of Unin(^, niA tlio nuihon 
w nearly 600/. (Noni.B.j.p, .13.1, Hii). 

In I6S7 Kiii£M8isted8iT Ilnnrr St-Onorgn 
in liis visitation of LonHon. Aftfr ihi'mfn- 
liilinn li>i van taig»fi\i in t.lin ccrrm'tiiial of 
Snndford, wbo Tv>iignad on •ccount of liiii 
Jorubiti! >}*iiiT>nt1ii(-ii, ill the oiKoe of Laoi'us- 
ler bnuld. Hu took part iu lliu iiiv««liliire« 
willi the iusigiiiaof ilieOartnrof til" "lector 
of Brnniiciibiir^ (nfterwnnls Fnicl-Tif k I, liiiin 
of Priiwiii) in I'WDiiiul of rho Ihiki- of Zull 
in inol. lIi>irni>onl to Dn»di;n onxiinilur 
biisini>» in h1ii2, and Mlthough tbo elector of 
fn^otiy, who V.-IW lo bo inrnted with lh» in* 
■ilfnia of till.- onlL-r. diL-d iHforu the cvrfruiuny, 
the nchi<?v<^iui-iiis wiTi* liutig up, utid tht* iti- 
MallatioTi loolt jilriw on fi July IffiH. A, 
qiiarri-l wiIli ilie «inrl-m«nihiil mspdciinit the 
Mranp'racnt* nt thr funiTnl of ijucpii N(nry 
led to Kin^'o (!i*nili«n! frum thn oflici) of 
rt^eiiitrur, and n cbnrR'' bruuiihi nffaiu't him 
by the: vitil ofenibutihiis (ms caiuii^d him Iu 
be tvmpoinrily ausjH-udeu from n-rvici.- in lhi< 
colleijte. lie became, however, «F?c[viarj' in 
lliecotuiniwlonerB fortaltiug and ffiaiiiifcih" 
pnbl ic accounu and tUo Mcrat nry to the con- 
troller* of thnm^eoiinlit of the army. Howu 
in 1710 n cnndi<!nt«i for l.he patent orrinn-n- 
cioux, and wroic a long lelli'f lo Hurley 
Mttttinj; Ilia rliiini^, bnt, ns hit biogrnjihi'r, 
ChnlmiT*, ]iiit3 ii, the wil of Lii rivjtl, ttir 
John Vnnbrugli.'pruvuilHlovurKiuff'narilb* 
mi^tiHc' H<-dit.-[| on 'J\S Aug. I7li, and waa 
hurml in tlif chitncel of ihn diUKli of 8C. 
Benel, I'ual'A ^Vhu^f, wlierii a liaiidaome 
mural iDimiim(.<nl of slonp, wiih an intcrip- 
tion ill Knifli-li, wii" ■■roomd to liin niemiry. 

tor of John I'ownl of Firloy in thu parish of 
Fortlinnipioii, OloiieMienJiiri': »i.>fondlv, in 
l701.Fnini?"tl!milHn, by \vh<jm h-- had tliriw 
I'hitdrvti, B'liii nil died in infancy. 

King was a innn of ^.>lnl)rkabIeT4^UtiliIy. 
As a hernldand (.'.-n^filiij-in hiiwnnthewjnal 
i>r bin maxl"r. Sir William niJi;dnlr) ; and as 
a slJilirtirian hosurpiiMi-d Sir William I'litty. 

His cliicf Mntiilicnl work in L-nlillnl 
' Xntiirnl and rulilicul UbM.TVal!otiB and 
Concliiaioni upon iho Stat« and Condition 
ofKniilunfl. HiUll' (Tiiokpe. Of'. <</ MSS. 
]it. V. for IKtl), p. (>2). It supplies the l>e»t 
account aei-cmiijle of the pojHilalion and 
wi'allh of Fii(;)and ol the do"' of lln-sfiviin- 
toenlhft'tiiiiTy. Somn Pitmct* from it irrtn 
pulilifchfil bv'rhnrlcB IlnivnEnl.bul thatri-ii- 
ti«o itni-lf n-ii» not puhliih'-d till ISOI, wbun 
Ocor)!" Chulmom nddcd il, uith a not ice of 
Kinji, til hia ' Kutimuli- of the Qompiratitu 

Sin-ngili of Ureal Uritain.' Chalmen, wl 
druir attention M KitU|;'a originality t» * 
(wUiieal ariiluueticiaii, nia local kuoi*[«^e^ 
and scientific melbnds,npip»nde<l to the 'Ob- 
servations' two oilier tracts by KJnr. Til. 
'A Spht'mpof tlio Inhabiinnts of the City of 
<)lou«esitcr,' kid bcfor« tlic board of tnde 
in 1096. and 'A Compiiial ion of the En- 
do v,'<.>dIIaipitaU and Aim ihouacs in Bngland,' 
presented toth<-»aniuhoHrdin 10^. Anotlu'r 
of Kin{('B Blati»tical undutalciti^ waa ' A 
Sclienw of tlie Rales and I>alie« Knitted 
to his JWajnsty upon Mnrrio^. Hirtlus aail 
Hurinls, and upon Itatcholom and ^^'idow(T», 
for thotnrra of tivc year* from May 1, itIBA,' 
London, ltl9Ii, fol. An inictvulinff account. 
of ibc chief conclusions in Kinj^'a * veiy 
valuable eHliniuli.- ' is jnren by Mr. Lccky i» 
his ' England iu the Eighteiintli Century,' i. 

King's heraldic orgenMbi^cal imrks un : 
1. 'TheOrderof the InslnlTnti'm of Priac* 
(.liHirgeof Donmark, C'bnrlc*, Ihikc of ftomo^ 
set, nnd Ocorgp, Uukc of NoribumlierlaDd, 
at Windsor,April(*.l'!8J.' London, l«Hl,f,iI. 
:;. 'Tlie (Jrder of the Infltallation of Henry, 
lluke of Norfolk, Hcurv, Earl of Puter- 
bur^iugh, and Laui«nce, Ivirl of itocheeteT. 
at Windsor, July 33, I6k'„' L.jn<l.)ii, 16h;.. 
fol. 3. ' An ,\ocounl of tlio Ceremony of 
investing; Ills EleclorslHiehncnofBrandcn- 
burifh with the tlrdcr of thn Garter,' I>ondoii. 
Iiitl0,4to. 4. ■TlH-munlCowmooyoWrrml 
by the Lord IliRh Steward and Pi«rK of 
Urciit Britain, till? ofliwrsof theCc>urt, their 
auiiitiintii and nUcndanls, on the Ar taiga- 
wtni and Triul of soma Pefr or Penves . . , 
for Trpiuon or Felony,' l^ndoo, I740v fol. 
ti. 'The Vi.iialion of'Worowter, begun by 
ThoriiJi* May, Clu«lor, and Onurory Kioji. 
liniigo Drafion . . . ltES3, and Unishtid by 
Hcniy Dnihick, Kicbmund. and thu iiaiil 
ICoupitDragnn . . . 1U63. With additiona by 
Sir Tbomoa PhilUppe, Bart. Editod by 
W. C. MetcaUe.' Exeter Iprnal-ly printed), 
1863,410. 6. 'TliuVieiiationofiliv County 
of Oloucoster. begun by Thomas Hny, 
Chpst'T, and (ir«-Kory Kinjc. It'>it;(n Dmson 
...and Hni'hi-d by Hmry lii-ibick, Itich- 
mond, and t hi- nuict Itoujre I'niKon. With 
additions. IMiied by T, Fiti-ttov I-'unwivk, 
nnd W. V. Moicalfe, Exeter, l*ti. 4lo. 

Some of KiTiL''i« collections are ]irinted In 
Arthur Collinsa ' l>foceedinfi>. Pracedent«, 
and AriEumeiiis in Claims and Contravor»i«a 
conrenimji Rnronieis by Writ and allwr 
Hononm,' 17ft4. 

.\n nntoliiojimphy brinuinjr Kins'a eatwer 
down lo bi.i ijuiirnd wilb ihi- <-url-uinnJial, 
entitled ' .Sumi.- MisCLdluiu-ouft Kole« of tile 
Birlh, Edocation.and Advancement ofOr»- 




_rKilUk'WBuinsiniiiuiiiscri|>T iiiilielUw- 
Saaon «olw«tinn in 1I10 ll<xilrian Librnrj. It 
vrmji jinnrnl in tli« npppiiiiii to DalUiraj''* 

* Influirin* into tbn (>rif!in and I'mOTvui of 
IboScimiccirf Hnmldryin Enf^IuKl,' tilaucfii- 
ter. 1703, 4io, and aliKi in (he BnonvmciuH 

* BvnUdia MuoellBniw,' Ixwidoii, ii.d. Jiu. 

The followine nriiiiigs of Kiii|f have oot 
bMB pffiflt«d: 1. I.vl[er to U. St. 0«orge 
d««cnwa9 • mnxqarnido at t1i9 Court of 
I>m»li-n. 10 Frb. I6t» (Itril. Mii*. Addit. 
Ms.tk12l,f. 41). 9. Ordinary of Ami«(Addit. 
51 S. I'liLWi). .1. Tnin«Tipt!t of ilic Council 
IU-.Il- <>i the Te'ign of Kdwanl VI (Addit, 
>i-j 1 t,|..i,m_ J Anne of Familiw oflUa 
lliiwrll (Addit. MS. SlHIfXt, f. iti). 
1 . M -opiUoit* (Uarl. MS& 0091. 

:;i,' ■ ■;;i). 

Kiii„ J : i< >i a pack of rorda wiiU tlio 
•rati of Ibi! Knslitii noUlilv in imitnlioix of 

* I'Uud Oronce Fine Itriaiiillo.' 
[King'* ABtobi<(^phT ; Chntnun'n Memoir 
Kioit ; OrM. Ma<. IBOO, pi. i. p. 9JS. lol. Xf. 

p<. i. i>. 'i^3; M«CulIocL'a Lit. Pnl. E«on. ]>. 
21« ; y-,lW» Colltgc uT Ami^ pp. U91. ll». 3'2t, 
JIM; SiebuUV Lit. Aatnl. i. 9fl ; )lamf»r'« Llfu 
af Dvcdalo ; Mamiliijr'i Hitt. of hJnglnnd. ehap. 
"i.;ftpj»'ii Memoir., r. 188.] T. C. 

KUTO, nEXRV <l»9:j-l»60>, biabop of 
.ichnalrr. «y«9i «mi of .lobu King [ili v.], 
..,-Jic>iiof London, by bis wife, Jo&n Fre«- 
n«n,Ta«ba]>lL»«d nl Worniiiiuliall, BuidiiiiK- 
liABiaur*,1«Jan.I&EI|-:>. Robert King, fir«t 
Inahop of Dxfotd fq. t.', wea lii* iiTMl-irTanil- 
aDel«. Ilo wa« nliirntnl at \Va»t minuter, 
wbrnrc, in ItWS, ha wa* rlcct«J, with bin 
brMbcT John Vf undi-r Kisu, Jo»l)(, D.I).. 
l£uO?-l'!:.M],Mtid«iil of Christ Chiin-li. Ox- 
TlMlirolltersvmeuiatnctilutod WJaii. 
I, anil ner* •dmilioil on tbe Mtuii> davs 
una ItiU and 7 Jnly ]t>14| to (he dl- 
of bnrhHoT and mnMpr of arts. f)n 
Jan. ittl&-l6 Ilcnty iru collated to th«< . 
'MdufSt.l'Uiicrasin the cathedral of St. I 
iI'b, nceivinK at the Mune time tlu-' office ' 
pMiileuiiarir or con&Mor in (hat cathi^ 
iI,tog«tberwi(b the tvctory and pntrunaj^' 
of 4J%i^oll, K«M«. Ho vraa made arch- 
deacon of CoMiMit^r An 10 April 1617, aiii) 
•oon afterwiiril* rrei.nTi"d tbc »iii*cnre r*c- 
totj of Fnlliam. in aildition to being np- 
potBIed one of th<-- ni^ul o-hnplniiis. All 
dwae (-arioat pnfennenls he L<-M until he 
va« advanced to (be rpi>C'>]iul U'litb. Cbom- 
brrlain, in a letm- to Cartut-iii, dalvd H Nov. 
Jt!l7,tni'iit)ont thai 'young Kin^, tbe Bi»bop 
T Liimlon'ii ■■!di-*t aon,' had pivncbfrl a ►'T- 
loti nt I'aiil'* i'm». ' It was tboii^ht,' he 
ileH, ' a b»ld part of tbrni, both that no 
iKtig a in«n alionld play hi* fir*) prixca in 
Mck a place and nich n limv, it bc-iniTi <^ bn 

profpwipd, Thn;»-i'»uVMr of bia vocation, and 
the first sermon tbnt ever bn mod*. Jin did 
nwjKinably wi^ll, but nothing cxtruordinaty, 
beinft mtnpT sJow of ultumncv and onttor 
pnrum rrkeinent' About lliis time Kiojf 
mnrrinl Anue, vIdMt dauiEblfr uf Koberi 
Berkeley, <«q., andjmnchbugLtM' of Sir 
Maurico Ikrkeley. Thera were four or five 
children of ihe moniagw, but only two tvs- 
rirrd. Hi» wife died about 16^4, and was 
buried in St. I'aul** Ottbculrnl. I''mni his 
elcRT on lier we Icurn that she bml barely 
reached her tirfiiity-foiirth yeiir. 

Aft-^ bis falhL<rV dtolb. on '^oud Friday 
l€'2l,an<l ilie circulation of tbi> faW rumour 
that he had died in cnmniiinion with tho 
rhiirch of Rome, Kini[pmnchn]niH-rman(o«t 
John XV. JO) at St. I'aur» ( "rniB, on 2S Nov. 
101*1,' rpouUccititimof ilini fsUeaDdaconda* 
tcm* ituporl touching the euppo*>:^ ApOst«*io 
of ... J. Kin)(, bile Biiboii of London,' 4lo. 
H« woa made canon of Clinat Cliurob 3 Match 
liti^— t, andJohnwasmadecnnnn in thefot- 
Inn-ing Aupiisl. On 19 May H!2S th"v wns 
ndmiitnd to iIm drnvM 01 ll.l). and I>.D. 
an acdiniilnlnri niid eompnunderv, and on 
10 July (.\rt Sunday) they both preached at 
St. Mark's, f.lio rider in tht) murnmii and the 
youtiffr'r in ihe aflemoon, th<^ Inn iiertnona 
ocluft publi^bwl together, nitb ihe appro- 
priate motto, 'Behold, how ii^iod and bow 
pleftsuul it is for bivtliri'ii to dwell tog^ber 
in uniiie.' 

King's amiabilitv endmriMl bim to hia 
fripiKl*. AninaK tlin>e wnm Bud Jonacn, 
<ieo^ Sondr*, Sir Henry Uloiint, and JamM 
llriwell. Hu friend>hlp with Ixnnk Walton 
he|[un about W'H. ivnd euiitinutid till d>mtb, 
I1ewiuii>nterm«orclo«eatinliuiucy with John 
Donne (ir>;3>l63l) [4. v.], who appointed 
him one of fail execnior*, aiul lifijiimlhed to 
him the gold meilal itrurk in cirimmnm^ra- 
tion of tiMaynnd of I>nrt. Ani'liigy by King 
ia prefixed to tile I63U edition of Uannes 

From time to time he published Hfrmons. 
In I <l:i() appeared "A SennimoC IWivtrance,' 
4to,prracDedonEaMt'rSi,indiir ui the Spittle 
by reaneat of the lonl innycr and nUli-rmeti ; 
in |IH( 'Tu'o S«rmons. prt«ch«id at While- 
baUin].0DI,Man>bS. 1lt2.V>ndI-VhruaricS0. 
Idl'H,' 4l» I and in 1(128 'An lincnilion upon 
the l.ord'n ("rayw. Ddiuered in certainfl 
Serni<>na in the Calbedml! Church uf St. 
Tavl.'ito; '.'iidedit. ItWl. Oii»l IVb. 1638- 
l(t:!)>. »borily aft^r the death of liia brother 
Joliti. be wa>i made dean of Ilochealer, and 
on Feb. 1 fi4 1 -2. th- day artnr the lords had 
conM^Icd to W» thn bill for depriving th* 
boahopit of their rote^ hewnselcralcil to the 
MV of Cbicheiter, being olao ptMcntcd to t be 

Hell n-ctory of IVlwiirlli in Siijsux. He irn* 
lywi<liD^ al his fjMtcupal pnliM'i? wliirti Clii- 
elioater surrDiiJetvit tolli^ purlinin^iil in 1043. 
In his trill hpcnmplniiit'llint hi» librorv itm 
•niod ' n>nlrni7 ti> ihn rnndic^n niiil <ioii- 
tnicle nf tli« Gcnenll nnd (.'oiinvll nt' wiirrr 
«t Iho tnkinjr of llint dltir.' \V«llier (.Vu/- 
/eriagi of tir Citr-iy, ii, (!;{) drplan'* tliut be 
.u'u'moit Rurbartmaly TrculiHl.' lU'wiirdi'- 
.prriTedof llif roftory uf I'el worth, wliicbnMH 
given by jiflrtiuuii.-iit to Francii) Clii-j-itt'll, 
tod b]r R retotatioa ni tli« Hmige of Coni- 
moiiji, S7 Jiuiii l(I4.'!,]ii»eHlnt(<8w-reOTtl«r«(l 
to be forthwith *4>ciii>4lrnli''l, n pi-lition fur 
4nU.v buinjr n-jftt'd on :! Oct. l-'roni \\>i-i 
to IC3I hi! liwd in ih.t hemic of hi* brothrr- 
Jn-taw, tsir iticbunl llnbiiri of IjuijiUy, 
JluckiiigliBUfthiiv. In lltl!) he imbliabod Ui 
elegy on Cliark>4 1, duied ' from inv wd lt«- 
tifirmetit, Mwrch II, llllft-!);' oiiH(ln.-r i.-li-iry, 
'A Ddorir (Irrinno . . , bv I>. H. K.,' hn^life-ii 
doiiblfiilly taaifpii'A lo liiiu. ' 'riic Pifitini-i 
of David. . , . TobenunK-nftirth.'OIilTiini'i 
T»6d in y* CliurrbcB,' uppi-uail in llITtl ; I'nd 

edit. ntri. 

Shciril)' aflerwariLi Kiu^ n-iirtd to Uitch- 
infCii, near I^tipb-t'. thu lUftideiici: of I.uily 
(>«ut<!r <HitijKii«'d to lie o siatrr of lti»b<)]i 
Iliijipii), wliPM othnr nwTiibere of the King 
fuiuily iind Jiibn llnlcurif Utoii found refuse. 
In lUiir bi« Bciilli-fiid ' l'i>iiin»,'8vo, WOTWcol- 
l(«tpd. TUn iiiiwrilil w)pi"» were reisraed in 
lIXU ttilU u nrw tiib^pnpi mid Bonin nd- 
i^tionii) ('li:%i«i. lu Ihn Pilili'in of 1700 ihc 
.sdiJilioiiBl i-Ip|;i(-B wi-re conrollod, and th" 
YoltiTiii? wiiB I'uiiilL'd ' Hon Joiuoa's l*o«m», 
PflmdoiU's, o«d .'^oiini')-.' Somi* of tlifpoemii 
luid bi'fiii jiiiblii-hi'il befiirr 1iJ.j7. Tho elegy 
ori<iii>i(niM,\iii>i|ihu»»|iiieun'din the'Swe- 
di»b IntcUiedicT.'pl. ill. IU;t3; luiollier on 
DoiiuH wna pn^lixod to ltoiine'« 'I'oenw," 
1033 ; niiotliHr on IIvd Jnnvin was ooniri> 
bttled to ' JonHOnua Virbiui,' 1638; iiml thn 
opixtli- to Ovot^ Snndya wim printed in UWK. 
hinjt did not pri'pure the vuliimr fiir publi* 
eaiiiin, nad som" of the poumd npprar not lo 
belon;- to liim. 'rhoWTWi on Lord Dorset's 
death am found in Itiabop Corbet's jioemB. 
'My Mtduif;ht Meditation' II ucribed on early 
XDMiMcnpt authority In bis hnitlii>F Dr. John 
3£uig, ana two pieres oTv found among tbn 
poem* Kit fibuTeil I'lflfu wruni-tyHolbu ICnrI 
idf IVmbmtci'nnd Sir lU'iijiiiuin Uiidyord- A 
ncMtm bojiinniii)!; 'I.iko ioibi> t'iilliiif;of d slur' 
It found nmrm2 Fmncit Itcnuiiii'iirA px-iuft; 
bnt probnblv ll bclonm nfitbor lo Heiimuont 
norKinii. '■'beaddilionulpw^miinUieeilitioii 
of lOiit iricludu elfoieti on the ICorl of Kmpv, 
Sir C'harli.-a LncM. >>ir George l.iflc', and I jidy 
KtanbrnHN King's best poem ia hia elegy on 
Ilia wiu. 



In \K^ Klnv vraa «iifnKed in itr;:otial!nni 
for '^iipjiljin^ tlie >'amul biabopricB, and ta 
the nest jtar iwlunied t« Chtc.'h>^«ttri-. Wood 
My* Ibai at tbe llMtoniionhx ' be«an>e di*- 
ccmtented, aa I hnT« bran), nivl a fiivnnivr 
I buw iiji'in uflhc: pn>iiln(tf miiJ. in bi» diocraw.' 
(>u:«t May ll)«l,'bein(f Ihe bupi.y day of 
bia majt'HIiea inaugurnlioii and birth,' he 
preiieheil a ftennon (publiiJieJ in UHil.Jto) 
nl Whiirhull, an<l on J4 Apiil KiU-.' he de- 
liviTft-d an iniprewive funeral v^rmuii (pub- 
llihdd in lOtt^, 4io) on lliiilioti Duiiiin at ■ 
Weitminntcr .\bbcy. In li!<ii> lin puUiabfxl ■ 
' .\rtidei oi Viaitation and Mmiiiirr,' 4lo; in 
liW.'i'A Sermon prwichiii at Urwi* iu the 
DiocL-neofCbiclieBler, Ocl. »*, IWCt;' and in 
ISOi-'i -A Sermon i>nsicbe<I lliu SOili of 
.liiniinn at Wbilvhnll, H^l.' Ili« Ie«lerlo 
Unal: iVnlron w»* printed b<^!iirv ^^'aUoll'a 
■Lifeof Koohfir.' IfllM. 

KiiiK died at Chidi«t«rW^t. lUOD, anJ 
wii buried in lliecnlhrdTBl.w'hi-retlm widow 
of his »oD John erected n niouunteni lo hi^i 
memory and that of her himbniid. Ilinnrcond 
*"n, llenrv, died 21 I'eb, ltW*-0; bis tlihat 
ton, John', died 10 .Matvh llSr(»-I. Ixaak 
\\'vX\nu{lA/f of Dt/nnri de^Hbes Kiiij; a* 
'niuan ^ntirally known by thi>clei^'of tliit 
nation, and a«sutiemllT notrd for bi> obliging M 
nature,' and Wood i/UArnir, ed. llliii*, iit. f 
%i'l) deelureH thai he naa 'the epitome of all 
honuurv, virfued. and jtenrrrm* nobtenem, anil 
a pei^OD never lo be furjrirtleii by bis icnanu 
and by tJie jKHir.' Vicars nuiliciuiuly ilyle* 
him *n Tiroud prelate'and *a moit praifinali- 
call malignant.' 

King wainmone the cnlributorilo'JiwtB 
nxonieDiiuni,' Itll^, on ihn death of Di-nn*. 
prinfeof \Vnb'»; ' Kpilbalaniia,'llil3,«n ttie 
miirriage of I'rini^rsi Kliuiht-tb : ' -IiLita I'u- 
nebrin I'toleinii'i Oionicnsts, Thomn! llodlr.ii 
^>lU1<i•Allrali,' IUI3-1 1; • Jnenbi ,Vni,' l«17 ; 
' Anntp FiinebrJu Surra,' llHil; and 'I'arun- 
lalia Jaenbo.' I<>;.>'i. In lKl:t the late Anli- 
deaeon llnnnidi edilefl King'a * Poero* aad 
l'ruilm»,'withani-liibnmt4)biogmpbieal nolin>. 
King's portniii bungi in Cbri>i Church ball. 

IBIoernptiintl uutii^f by J. liniitmh brfor* 
KiagVpoijnis Find I'»nliB», 1813; Wcli'h'H.Muniai 
Wotmonai-trTiimw*.) A. II. B. 

KIXG, lltiMPHRKY (/. iei3),TOMe- 
writnr, a tcllrr of tobacco in l,ondo«i, wiw> 
antborof '.\nlInlfi'-pcnny-W'>rtbof Wit, in 
a Pennyworth of Paper. <lr. Tho Hi-rmitf-ji 
Talo. The third impression.' London, 1UI3, 
4lu, pp. -1^, Xu earlieir edition i> linriii'u.bnt 
it miiHI have been printi.'d somu ycur« pri-* 
vionnly. ' Itobin the Ih'vil liia Two Penai- 
wnrth of Wit in lliilf a Pmnittorlh of 
Paper. Ity ltobi>rl l^e, a famon* fmcrr of 
Lvud(mia/«M ttubin the Uavil'( London, for 

N. Ijng, |tW, 4trtp, in mciitii^ni'd in Wf»t'» 
* y«le C4tnln|riu<,' irrs, ukI may linvu lnvii 
■ii twrticr iilitiim, but it ii nut now kuovrii 
It) W uxdinl. Ai cnitr aj la'M Noshe hml 
deiliccUd hia' Lmt«uSlunV' to 'bin wort lii« 
Kood palrol). Lustw IliitnfK'y. :icci)nlin^ e* 
Uu> IflTcFrOMfl <loo eliriftti'ti iLim. liillx NumpK 
AS ih" Nij|^liiii> )in<] Conrli<-T» dn nntof liim, 
Uid llonnil Iliiiiirn'V. (i> iili lii* rric^di'' und 
aoqiuintaiicii Mtnrmn him, king of t lii< 'I'oIkic- 
coaiiil* 4nr J- MAi'fFiu-, iiml a «iii(;ulur Mecwims 
tu (lii^ I'ipv «n4 llin Tubour;' ami al tlieend 
of ib^ ilfidicatdn- fpull« refvTt to (be folih- 
eontn^ 'BBcKil PovQui of llie H^-rmiiotTnlo, 
Uwt vtll iwlOTi' ihe i;>>ldi-n a^ fliiioiiKf^t lu.' 
Profixnd to Kiii|c> poom la a joditar dcdim- 
torjr opiilli- to t)>» ('oiinitM of Siimvx. I1l> 
wiliiUiwMit>4 ihnt hit nork it * a cirarw 
konwpnn Iimcv woolwy wulibo of wit;" 
bdl, anriDf; his'Iaf^-riouni in th« ^ifla of 
le«miiie, wiwdouit^. anil v[i<li.-f9tHiidiiie t«r- 
Buni (lie l*nnt diit).' h« i« ■ tlm bolder 10 
•boulder ill ata»«(nt ilir.' 'Die e^tlsii fol- 
low«d by an addraw to iho tvodor, ti> which 
*aec«<nd'tlit«« iboTt copiM of vane* (llic 
^^Komd bftnir 'In diMoinin«ndatioii of the 
^ftAbuthoT '), luiii thivi' municncd »>nn«t*. ' Tliu 
^BSltmiilu Tile' lakua tile form of B dialogiiv 
^H4K1W(«ti a bi-rmit uikI a yi>uii|( man conct^rii- 
^Fing the yicva and ff>Uii>9 of tue ag«. Com- 
plaiDi is mad« of ihii growth of liniiry and 
a«cay of hoapiiality, and the jmritaii» urv 
Tigontiutjr Moaibd.' 

tCoUier'i BililiiiGni|kiu1 Onialo^*: Corwr's 
CalUalAM*; HihITk'. lUi»ll>c»k.t A. II. II. 

KIITO, JAMKS. I...iin Kitiiix (If.anS 
ItUfci.^J, bom alHnit I*>W). iriw tou of .Iqidok 
Kinfr of llarrnrht, Abcrdcrjulun.'. lie en- 
tered the stTvici- of the IdnK of Swi-dcn. and 
bj }Kti had Kkii to hi> ' ^ii(>ral-m^ur.' lu 
~<h1H. whilu cotnmanding in MuuMiT under 
be Sw^iab c^o^^) Dnrii-r. Kitig r«(^eirsd 
irdcr*lojo4tiliup>-rt mid tV Princ-iPnliitine, 
ho had raiitnl a f mall army. At thi> linlllc 
Lniifp>,n*ar.Mindc>n, inirhlch (ho l-Iloctor 
M rawed by Katxfpldt, thr Auilrion k^'I^'- 
tsl. King Um bcMi unbitly f Uir);i-d with atic 
oobJikI nod treachery (WiKBHRr-'ts. I'rinee 
Jtvpert, i.Vi:i), Ilapiie&rs lliol Hu|vr( was 
sltachril iMifKn) his army was ri)lU-i-i>.-r!, and 
d«tfoai«d bfifbm Kin^ cotitd brin;a: up ihr- foot 
IOIU|)poftthpca«alry,And that flnnlly Kins 
rallied, andabilfnUycondiictnllbi^nitrrnl oT 
tberomaindETof thetroopi. [n Jonuary I<1-10 
he ir»» tv««ll«d laEniTliiiid ( Col. St.ite I'a^-rri, 
Doiin. IU:{U lu, u. itUi )i and wnn ([riiciously 
ItCflivi>d by lh«kiiic,wbucnvvlumii diamond 
'ofgoodTaliw'anoapMuTonof I.OOlV.u vi-'ar 
;a. 16MK|ip.S08.-tfioV IncliofollowinK.)"ly 
waa (ItnAlcbod to Ilamburtr and Ulack* 

■tad), Hppaivnily to bring over horw and foot 
to lie employed nKniDst the covmatitcra ({6. 
10^10, pp. Jg^, fiO^>. IJl^ did not return, but' 
n!ir«dto8tocUia]m(ie. liIU)-I,>0). On 
bcinj; again prraaed to enter Charlit*'* wrvioe 
he cami* an far a* Huaburs, whence he wTot« 
nil outspoken letter tu Secri.-tiiry Vane »• 
qiit'Aiing a r«<cogni»ed pMiiiou in tlie armr 
iind the rr^nlsr payment of his iwnaion (ib, 

R).679-ctOl. llo wns^venn command unrtor 
ardNrwciuitln(Ki.i.i«,On]7i''Na//.<'f/rr>, l*t 

|HT. iii. SIT). On 28 March IftW lie wm 

. ci«u1odu pciT of Scotland a* liordKrt bin nnd 
Kein-r, tlie forintr titli.' bcinj; ]irobiiblT de- 
rived from the rivvr Ythan in AbmleeunLire. 

I At (lie «ie)^ of Lecda in April of that veur 
Kythin aiit) all tbe old oIKcer* from Holland 
wnre of npinion ihnt nn atmiilt wa* too dan- 
i^niuii, and in favour af miiin([ the aicfrd 
(J^Urrt irf Jlrarirtla Maria, t'umd. ikie., p,' 

. IWJ). Acf<jrdiiiKioSirrhdip\Vnrwiok(.V<- 
i»oirt,f.'Jiil).hL' was ihochicfudvucateuf the 
pcilii-v of rwiucin^' Hull nil Iwr than uiarvliing 
soutfi to Join tht> kin^, and it was be who in- 
spipodNewcnsI Ill's d^ifciisive «tnit«cy during 
the nimpni^ agninat th? Sent*, dinplaving 
n tri-acbrroiLs sympnthy with bin fHfow- 
countrymc-n (ii.D.'2i7). So mui-h didllwM 
accunationswf-iph Willi Byt bin. thai in April 
Itf-U he Hi-rioiidly ihuufrht uf n.-liriiig from 
the royul svrvicc, and n-Iuniiiitf to tbe con- 
linenl. Itolht'liurleaand Ilenrielta pKaecd 
him to Slay (I^IUrt uf Hninrtta Maria. 
p. iiSH; El-Lis, iii. -imy l»n ill .Inly ltM4 
lli>^ Si'olltsh pnrlinmont luiau'd n decreet of 
forlaiillurR niiniiisl him, which wiis rtseinded 
on U Jiin. lUlT, and on lU tVb. following 
naot her itciiiibii>riiTuurwn» paused ll)n<T<:<iJiS, 
/Vfroye(j/'.S<v.f/an(/,cd.Wood,i.<'ifii^). Horing 
ibi> Mi.-fr« of York L'ven ^^'&rwicl[ lMnn«irr, 
p, 'Jib) admits that he ' (bowad eroinmcy in 
loldie^' and ' no want of loyalty,' for now bo 
■firaglitnoCnDolyBgainsthiaown nation.' At 
Uarslon Moor ho oppoacd Kupcrl s d.winr to 
onKaiEVsanddiMipprovcdof theplun of Lulilo. 
loIJamburir. Himjondiiclwiin wAervly c-in- 
demned (Clikesdox, //iVtry. I8-H',»iii>7), 
even, it seems, bj' Itupurt. to whom ICylhin 
p. 21). liythin'* loM servina in tlic roynlisl 
cause tippear lo h«vi' b<"'n pcritimu'd in con- 
nti^tion wilh th-- i-ipfdiiion of Montrune, 
under whom bo was anpoiuted liuutenant- 
Kenenl hv wamuildatod l!)Uarcb ISAO. A 
ktierof r»MjuohlOGO«howatbat bewatalm 
engaged in Bomo ntfiotiatioiis for briniring 
CliarTvin toSweden iCaKState Vaprr*, liom. 
\vm. lip. 5-.'. l!l I ). Eythin died m Swdcn 
■omn liino betwivn October Iti-'il and April 
lAAJ, and was biirieil in ibo Iteddarholou 

OhuTctt. Ilt^wMmairieduiiJIiadiLilBii^hioT 
(A. 1610, p. 413). AdiuiuUtrutiun of Lis 
etUlB in fepollsml wi» grsntpJ •■•ii 2N CIct. 
1652 tfi Tliomn* WnMon, n principal cnidilor 
(AitmmUfratinn Act /loot:, I'. ('. V. 1652. f. 
ISB.whcmln-'iitcallcdKdii'iirdl. Alutinrfrom 
Eytliin lo iJiH Enrl of Forth ■■ in I'nlrick 
itutJivco's ' CorrMpondunce ' (Roiburghe 
Club, ]i. 81 ; ct alao u. xuvili n,), and on- 
olher from liim to lue Marciuia t>f MiimiU 
Ion, dated 13 Svpt. ISSiH. in tli« IliMoriciil 
MaiiTiecript* CnmnuMCn'a llUi Kep. (A]m 
pcndix vi. 1). B.I). 

. [ Durhou of Naircnit lo'ii Lifn of Williun, Duk« 
of NeirciWilo (Flrlh). iHJ.7*. 3T0; i.i>l« klndlv 
HUppUrd b}rU. U. l-*irth, «q. : Mfinuinof Sir J. 
Turner (Unnniity no Club), pp. B. 11,31; Loilcn 
ofHi'iinvtW MVrin(Ci»ud. Soc.\.\>. 119; Gii> 
dini-r'ii Hiai. uf Uio Ur«Bt Civil V^at (1642-9], 
i. 2H;i,&e.l O. 0. 

KINO. JAMRS (1760-1784), cnptnin in 
llie iiovy, s'-'cond son of Jrirrn's King, t-iimte 
uf Clitlirrnc, l.iinciisliin', nncl ntlrrwnrdii di^nn 
of Unnhip, was bom nt Clitlirroe in 17011. 
])r. W uUuT Kins, bialiop of Itcjchfflor, wiie j 
liLi youiiiHT bmtliof. Al llie age of twelve 
he eiilt'ivil llur iiBi'j' uikIm the iiiitfotiftge of 
lilis hiudiiiuii, (.'apln^ti Williiiiri S'ortoii. bro- 
tli^T of tlii< lint lioM Oniiillr'v, nnil at llint 
limo ill pninmiind of tin* Afrirn jiiinntthip. 
ill- nftrr-n-imls m-rvi^l niidrr Ciiplnin I'ul- 
liw.Ton 111" N'l-wfoiimilnndai.ilioi). wlirn-lii- 
iDUAl buvi'linJ nimo ndjuuintaiirrr nil b ('noli, 
wliowjrt llii-n (iirvcyiiig llial coast [si?e L'uijk, 
J*M»i]; nnd bcwnii in Uii' Alnnii witb (.'ap- 
tniii Jerrtf, in lliv Mi.-dilirrr.ini-»ti. lie wmi« 

fromoti^d lo bo liuuleuuiit in Juiiunrr IT7I. 
II 1/74 bu spent, some time in riiri»<, di'- 
voting liiiiMDlf principally t<»«cii>niifip*indy, 
and on bin ml.iim roIIIihI at Oxford to ha 
with li'w brolliiT Wnlktrr, tlicn a fi-'llow of 
Corpm lliriali C'oI)iBit<>, IJi-iv he undelbe 
ftctlimiiilnncLi of Dr.Tlioinn* Hiiriiabv [<|-v.], 
wlio in 1770 r»coiniuoDd«d biin aa u coic- 
pelitnt HnlninonKT toacconipanyCook*» tliifd 
voyiitt"' 1I<' ""u accordingly appointi'd To 
thii It>;«i>lii1tini M Micond liciitnniiiil. Atlhit 
time of (.'injli'sdeath, 14 l*"th. 177!*, Kinff was 
«n sliore, up]iBrviitly lakiiiff »ij,'hi». Ilf bad 
wiCb biiu only a few uivii, but wan rein- 
forted by M>m<^ of a boat'* crvw who had 
been wn in^ off itin moinh of llie buy boforn 
tW di)it urbane with Tbii nalivri bi'jinn. Thir 
brought ihe niiinbcr of tho pnrrv n^ tu 
twi?nty-finir, mid firlifying lliem«eK'ii> in a 
ni'i(fUli«ttrinfi buriul -place, ibey Auccwded in 
rr|)i.-!lini,' lbc< atlacti of thi' naiii't-4, lill tliey 
were rvlieii'd, two hour* oftprwnrd*. by llio 
*bip»' b"iati» (Gilirrl't Journal, i|uot(iJ in 
lluiiNT. Cu/ifaiii Cool<, pp. 1B2-3). Oo llio 
death of Ciipt uin ChnrloiUlurke [i(. v.], 22 .lug. 

1779, King HiicoeedMl totliu comnusdof ibi: 
DiscDvetv, and on airivInK in ICngUnd wan 
advanwd to po»t-mnk,,1 Oct. 1760. llcvrw 
then appointed to the Crocodile frigate, M- 
tofibcd to tbrClinniicl Hifi-i.nnd tairardaibe 
uod of 1781 was mOTcd to iLe lEeoiat^Doe of 
40 ffuiiB, in wliii^b hu wnt out to ibe Wert 
Indies in chargu of a convoy uf fire bundml 
luerrbanl ebi[is wliicU tie i>iicoi>ed«id in con- 
ducting fiafely to their dmlinarion ; but iba 
intviue otnieiy of thn duly ii wid lo luive 
turned bis hnir Kivy. llin connlilutioa wu 
never strong', and be come tiock to England 
in an advanced decline. It was iindw tliU 
dJMid van Inge that be UMltl^d in prqwriitg 
Cook's journal of I be ibird voya^ for tbe 
prM8. and wrote lh>.' narrative of ita conclii- 
eliin, wliicb formi^d the third volume. In 
I7'^.1 ibe Ktutp of bi« lu-utTb ojimpcllcd biin 
to go to Niar, and ba died tlurru m October 
I'm. IIr wnH buried at Nice, but iherv la 
a tablet to h>9 t[iem'')rv iu Cliclieroe Church. 
Kinif's ' ABlronouiiral f tbwrvation*' woi» 
uubli*hcd by order of the board of longitud* 
lu 17S2 [ficell.iTi.T, Wii.LiiMj,nnd prvcnred 
hit elec-iion ai l-MC.S. The narrative of tba 
voynfTO (3 vols. 4to, and ntbu in fuL) wtu 
issued in 17S4. 

[.\lici> King's A CluBtrr of Liviw. p. 13" ; K»- 
piiiiL6)ie'»Liiiio<ishira Worihirv. Sod acr. p. IM; 
Buiai.'"'» Ili«t'iry uf Tjiiiiwiliirt (nlit, •>f 1834), 
iii. ^18; ('iirrHpundcnce mitb IJr. John Don- 
t-laa [q. v.) (iiflcrwjinti l.i^liop .,f t^iibabary), 
i;8i)-4, ill l':K"[ti'n MS. :IleO; and liii om 
nanotiTe already rvfcrrwl lo,] J, K. !•, 

KmO,JOHN,D.l».tl.V.ll? 11121 ).hi.bop 
of l.iindon, bom ai WormiiigliaH, Ittickine- 
lirimiibiri', in or about 1-^SP, wn* non of I'liilip 
Kingof ihal planr, by Kli!lBbetb.doa('blcr of 
I'yniiind C'onnucat of Iloujiblun tVinqncftl, 
ISudfiirdsbirv. Ilu was a f,'reat-n«i>b«w ivf 
iCubert Kinff [i|.V.], the tint biaboppf Oxford, 
lie received hia e<Incalion nt nettminntor 
Scb'joi, and thence wbb vloctod to Cbruit 
Cliurch, Oxford, in lft7S ( Wni^-ll, Alumni 
flViri>ioiM<d.l'billiniorc,p.rj3). l{iicraduat«l 
li.A. in l.')79-80, nnd commenetti M.A. in 
l.>»L.'-.t I Wool, f'liri (Xron. eA. Bliss, i. 21J. 
' L'L'I). After taking I loly orders be bociliM 
doiii>r«t ic L-haplaiii to John Piers, arcbbitliop 
of York, by wliiivn lie was collated to t bo arvli- 
diULcnnryof Xoltinghamon 12Aug.]t')l.H). lie 
I proccMlid U.l). on3 July I'llU. Stryiie pit-es 
! exlrat't* from a lecture dt-livervd by liing at 
I Vork on tbcr plaguoand tb« twvorc atamu hr 
which England wa« visited in 1fi93-4 MwiMUt 
-/tlifJlf/onniirion,\v.iKi.»vo). On IT Nov. 
liiOl King pr<>ncheil t Im sermon at tlii' ftincrtl 
of .\rcbbinliori I'ier*. .\f(iirwanls be wb« ap- 

Enintiid chaplain InSirTli'iinas Efierlnn.lnrd- 
ueppf of the [,Tvul seal. He wa* admitlL.d to 






I It. 

Jt07, on the promutioa of Rieli&nl DauGTolt 
to tM a«a oi Londim, and to the prriwad of 
K^nMitng in tbe cbttreh otSt. Paul on 16 Aug. 
1AW,04I th* pratnotioa of WiltinmCnUotito 
t])» M« of ExDl«r (Nbwoockt, Heperlonmn, 
i. 'ill, 'Iifi\. neabo beonmc! odl- «f Cjufim 
tnizabrlh'a cUplaiiu. t)D 17 LKw. ItMt )»^ 
waa crt«t«l 1>.1>. St Oxford. lie was ap- 

SoIdimI bjtlie prit; council topmchbefon 
uaM I on his entry into London, and Uia 
Idiifc ntwBed liiia in lua ssnice a* on« of th» 
rayml chagiUin*, commvnding him a* 'tli« 
king of pivacbcn.' llebecanMdi.'anufChrivt 
Cburcb, Oxfiitd. on 4 Aue. lUCUi, in accofd- 
MtMwilhlli«pi.-(it)on<>f tliirty-ln-u aludenta 
tb«n. Soon aflenvard* King iraA wlect«d 
■s OBe of the four prMcben at the Hnnipion 
Ooart Confermce. llnwiu vic^^bancnllor 
of 111* (iBi<r«nitf of Oxford from 1607 to 
I6IOi On l6Dre. IGlOheobtubwlthopre- 
bi^iid of ^Cilloa Slanor io thu church of Lin- 
cola (WiLua, Surrr^ufCatkfiiratt.W.'tiA). 

la lull tli« bin^ Uwlon-i-d noon liim the 
baabopric of LoikTou, whtcli had become | 
vacant bj (ho IraaMaitoD of l>r. Gc^r^ , 
Abbot (o ihe we of Oaiiiorbutr. Ilo w>« ; 
coii«Mnt4d in I^amboth Cliapcl on t< Kept., ' 
and bad ratitiition cif the tcmporaliiiucon . 
(be 16ib of tho sntae munili. In ItflS he | 
wu appuinti-d ■ mi-mbu' of tbi' comniiMion ' 
cuMeed in hramur the Coiuitta* uf Bucr-x'* i 
awtfor divorce (UABlilXBiu Uul. it. 170), | 
Oa S6 Match lOSU li« pl«aded in a tivmion 
pTMebod at Si. Pntil'* Vvsm in ilie king's 
Mm tor coniribiiiii^n* to tli» r*^ir of: 
rial'a CWlhnOral. Januv iwloctrd tlio 
, and popular curiosity «na ricilud by 
:ni that Kibtrviu itulnicti'd tod«ctititt ' 
■> rvtolvu to intvnt^nc in ihe Uvman | 
xiua in bi'half of )iii Duu- ill-law, tlia lliug 
ofBobemta; but alth')U){h uueuf hiahe«r«rs 
wrote thai the ln«Lo})'« hmrt was in Bo- 
hrinia, h^ mad« no ref^rvnce to Eoroponn 
litica U*A. iii. :tll-2>. \VliiI<'bi*fac>ii, Kinir 
wnT» pri'nched on Piindnvi in somo pulpit 
Dornmr l.oRd(in(Kl'LU:>i, VMircJt llial. vA. 
Ilri-wiT, V. flOO). lie died on tJtiod Fridiiy, ; 
SU March ]IS31,Bnd icas buried in ihv auutli 
U uf St. Paul's Calliedml, uudi-r a pbin ' 
« OB which was i»«critHsl only iho word ' 
itgatD,* bnt on a mural lab'let nenr it ' 
yttj \ofg and xulneiAtic inscription lo i 
Ilia mrnxiry | DviiDtu:, llUt, nf SI. Pauft, , 
mi. Itlfw*. p. 73). Wood naja ' ho wai a aolid 
id profound divine, of fn^-at BTavily and 
tj, ond bud »'> {'tnrllenl a voluljility uf 
ch, that Sir Edo'srd Coke would oflen 
y of him llut be was tbe best apeaker 
la (hi' Siar<:IwraW in bis tim«* l/tlJkna 
Ojnm. «d. IlliUi. it. 305), 

During hi> imt iUn«i» and nIVer bi* dentil 
a report was circnhited ibut he hnd Ixnin re- 
conciled on hia deathbed to the church uf 
Itomc. Manr calfaolics cave credence ltd the 
rumour, and in 'Tho I'rotealant's Ptea for 
I'riettii nnd Pajiinin,' n pamphlet issued in 
September Ittll, Kinit's convcraon vas an- 
itouiiced aaa matter uf foci. Kicbardltrougb> 
ton [i). r.j aent an accuuiit of tbe (frnuods uf 
the r«^rt to l)r. Keltinun. prrvideutorDouuy 
Colla^, but it does not cleuirly sjipear ibal. 
he wu bimaelf mnvinoed of the truth of tbe 
allpfccd conversion (Dunn, CinireA Ilirt. \. 
490; JIut. MSS. Comm. Mi ll<-p. p. 4IU). 
The biahop'i «nn Il<-nry iudi|n>iuilly dmied 
the rc]Kirt in a aermoii preiiclied ut t^l. I'uiil s 
Cross on ^5 >'ot. ItiiJI, but tbe boieleu 
staienieiit was repeated in an anonjmoua 
booh written bv Georfo Musket, afterwards 
prcudcnt of Itoiiay ('olli-a?*, and entitled 
'The Biiibop of London liia Ijifacv. Or 
Ccrtaine Mutiues of U. Kinit. lato Uishim 
of Loudon, fcir hi« chaiip.- nf lldigion, and 
dying in the Culholike, and Human Chiiri^h. 
With a Conclusiuu to his Drrthrvu, the Lti. 
lti»bop« nf Rnulnnd. Peraiissu Suptriorunt ' 
'St.(Jiner],I6S-l,-l(o, pp. 174 (Geb, iWouX 
af the Suon-, ed. I«l*4, pi), T7-W, 99) ; 
liRYIMIBl, Itrilith liililtKifr/ijiifr. i..VXl). 

KiuR mnrric'd Juuu. duugiilcr of Henry 
Freeuiau of Slnirordshiri-. Hi* eldc-Kt ton, 
Hpiin-, i» nniia'd Mpnralely. Ilia MMKind 
son, Joiix Kiso(l>')l.i5~lG3ti), educoird with 
hisbrotbef atWeBtuiinMvraiidChriatClmrtrb, 
Oxford (B.A. Kill. M.A. 1IU4, and B.U and 
D.I). 182")), becnnic pr^Wndary of St. I'aul's 
Cathfidral (UiUI), pulilic orator of Oxford 
(1U±!), canon orchnil Church (lR^4),nrcli- 
denciw of (.'olclu'slcr and canom of Windsor 
(IKL'o). He WHS alno rrctor of llMnenham. 
Bi-rkiibiTW. We died on ■> Jan. 1(138-1), and 
was buried in Ciirist Cburcb Culhedrul. Tie 
piiblifclied tliToe Latin oralions deliieivd as 
omlor at Oxford (London, l<3SD,4to, nndOx- 
forrl, 162S), n ■(•pamto wrmon prvached at 
Oxfiird in IfiL'o. nnd pormt in the unirorsitf 
collections iif iwia and mil*. 

The tilfbnp contribuliHl lo ninny of the 
U.\fiL>rd ci;I It'll ions uf purnifi. and puliliiilicd : 
1. ' I.ecturc* Mpcin Jmiiif, ilelivenKi at Iforke 
In tb* j'cure of "iir I.iirdo loW," Oxford, 
IA9(,4io, lip. i!60. il.-dicatcd to SirTliomas 
Kirrrion, lurd-kwp'-r. Hi'priiitcd, Oxford, 
1599 and ItUn. Aia: ]..>iid<m. lOIl, 4tn, 
'newly cotTrcted,* and npuin litlS. 2. "A 
Sermon prvocliwl at ibc FunsruUe* uf . . , 
John [IV m" lule Arcb-bixboppe of Vorko, 
Nov. 17, lutU,' Oxford, lA1'7,4h>( printed at 
tlie end of the ' l.«clnrcs upon Jonas ')i 
e«'psTaUl)rOxford,lIiP(t,4lo. 3. 'TheVourth 
Smnon proscbud at Hampton Court on Tuaa- 

day tli« Wt of Sppt. ICOB," "xfofd, IBOe, <lo. 
J. ■ Viti« I'aUlina. A Sonoon uti|H)ititi.-d lu 
bepmciiod at WliitolmU upon iliv Tu«4duy 
afUr Jha numaKc of tlio ^^<)ia lilLzaWtli 
bor Oraccv' Lundcin, Kill, -tio ; muriated in 
■Oonjugnl Uut^ net fortli iu h colliKtiaa of 
Weifdui(j-S«nuoii*,' 1T32. A \rrj »ing-iilnr 
cwnpoiiiTi'>ii, i-«tidiiJlt<g wil.Ii an ciiii^iilalion 
ftsaititt lll» 'pipiMi.' ti. ' A^rmou of t'liblic 
^Mnktgii'iog for ilio Lappia rocovcrir uf liis 
mi^Mtie fnnn hii lain crontCDroiu ■ickiirvH',' 
I.mi(lon, 101», 4tii. 0. • A d<.Tmoii nt I'suIm 
CroMt! on bchttlf of I'nulcs Chunrli,' Loiidun, 
IttSO, Jill (cf. .Yo^M <iiii^ QueriFt. Ixl 8or. iii. 
368-9). Soin« 4.s>i>i<?B uf his t«il«ni an* in 
Bril. MuB. Addil. MSS. 2ii4.11l, If. 1A4A-II):!. 
A portntii, by C<>meliii" Jhhiuiti, is prit- 
•on-Ill al Christ CliureJi, Oxford. TLt^; ore 
MiKTSvin^ by Simnn I'au Nnd Fntiiciit 
Dolnrnm (IIklnui:!!, IJiog. Jiitt. nfluyltntd, 
Atli tidlt. ii. 4SI. 

[Bnifijr'J** BLuron of Epiifinfttrr ; Ccillior'ii 
Churpli llitt. vii. 13U. iii : DixM'ii Chnrnli Hint.. 
Ii. S'il. ;!.ll ; Kulltr'i Cliureli Hiti. (Brrmft), iii. 
38. V. sen. 37), 4:;i>. *m : t'ulU^* Worlhim 
(NlehDlt). i. ISU: tiodwin, Ji* I'nmuliliUH (lit- 
clinnUanX p. 191: IadhL US. esi. t. 3; U 
Nnt(i*> t'lutl (Knrdy); I.oirnc!ai'i lJil>l. Unix. 
(Bolin). pp. 6S. 12'J; Nowwurl'n RopTl/irium. 
1.211: ('"I. State Prijivn. Diini, <,U<t<'iiiIn lASO- 
ia'JA}|if>. A^i,e:i'-'. iiu(i3'ia| pi>. 
(iei9-S3) 1'. 6To; Strypo's Work* (ecnoml 
liidvx): Wj!U»'»SurrrTotC«lli«!n»U. i/ltr", ii. 
440; W'lHid'.AUioDnOxaii. (Bliii). ii.29<.l)UI. 
8Sl,iii,830. I'nili.i. 34N, LhS; WockI'v Aunnli 
(Outrh). ii. aOJ. -im. SOU. 323, 788. 791 ; Wowli 
Oullw" Hod ll'^l" l^i'it'lit. pp. 439, 418.463, 
AppMiiiK pp. 112, 118-19. 'i»l, i89.] T.C. 

KINO. Sitt JOHN (rf. Kwri. Iriflb »d- 
miniUiMtur. cnmv of a fiimily fonuerly seated 
nt Fi'Bt liL-rcin.'k Hull, ii-^iir Nurl liHllcTton, 
Yorkdliin?. By J\i\y IGHIlw nHsncliiig a* 
tecwtfiry lo &ir Iticlmrd l{iiij{liniii [ij. r.], 
fTOVomor of ('oni]iiii|[liC ((Jt/. Staff Paper*, 
Iri*h, l^>74-^f^, p. 671). lli> tnrriuc* wuro 
rcwardud bylJiiL-va Klimbctli witb a leaw 
of the ublii^y <>f llo^vk-, co. Koiiaomiiioii. 
Under Jnme* I lii.' pujOTi-d muuy profitable 
offiuaB aud pritil (■;,'«», ntid bad laiid« frnitited 
ti>bitu ill Iweiily-otie dtlTcrMit couiilles ((A. 
IOO.'4-ii. pp. 113.i.Hl»,&c.) On IS J"ly I'M 
be vfB» mndp rlwk of Iho crown in rhnn- 
ertrf and clnrk of th<- hniiap<*r, both of vrbirh 
placi.-a bo iUTti-ndi-rcd im 2U Jun. I(H)(I, ond 
witb I''ninrit l-MttcwuTlb lind ii in'w ;rranl 
tb<'r<iofuu:;tiJan. ir'A. liHKt-{J p. 4;iO, Iii0<>- 
1IXH4 pp. «!, Ut<7). Iu IIKI3 hi; wns reociver 
of tbu roTiniiK! {ib. IIKXt^F^, p. At), and iu 
3Ian:h I'HVi depntv vioe-tri.ii8un>r (A. lilO-T- 
lilOil, p, 4:;i»). In Mny I«I17. bointf then con- 
«t«blc> of ibo abbey of Doyle, be coininenci'd 

to build, a1uu|i with -lohn BinRky, a tDaiwtv 

CEiETJe on iW riviT Ituyle, and (o cullirul« 

much of tli0 Biirrouiidiii^ dUtrict <■'£. U*»U 

1808, Yf, 87, 1.W, A*.) Ua II May IWH* 

bo wn* nnpointi'd muMenua8lur^ti«<al and 

ctcrif of tilt cliniiie for Irelnad, mlb a rerer- 

' ^iuiiaryii^aiit of bu(bafiicMIokiii«ldfat (nn; 

in Juueuf tlinMnwynarlwnBiiinii'ornnf tb>f 

privycouucit{tl». IB08-IO,iip.2W, 21[%ri07l, 

and on 7 July foltowinK Iw »*im knit^tel 


ber liill b« waa a cumiiiinioner for fdr>- 

pnnitioniii in l(i]3 wao nrtumnl M.I*. f"t 

on. BoMMininon by ibe aid of Vi<»-nr««Mlviil 

OlivL-r Ax. John'* noldiery. and in 1014 wa» 

upjioinTinl to nuiit inthn piFuitaiinn «f Wcx- 

ford (Val.KlaU i'/i/--i/. Iri«h, Utll-14. !«, 

I3S. .Ilia. 4««|. t)n ao Jlttv ItHfi, wbwi 

livini,' ai Ik^'irutmi Ii, D«ar Dnblin, b« woa 

a]>pi)inled uueof tbecouucilfurtbe pmvinca 

I ot'Mtiiwtw: and on liJtinefollovinglw waft 

! nutbori*od, wiili Sir Tfauniaa ItotherliAB. U 

net at gnviMtiiir of Oonnaufbt daring tba 

j ubicnoD of (III' pn'*ideni aitd vicv-)>reiiid«nt. 

' On '2i Sopt. Mild ho wnu joimsl in coinmin* 

I (ion wilh liord-driiuly S\. Jobn and ntliL-rt 

I to aid iu tbo jutllempnt of Ihf llritiah ' un- 

dertakcTB* ill L'IbIit. Un :;:{ S<nx. Utl7 li« 

wa« iiomiiiated a eomiuiniiuncr of tbo cnun 

of wards in Ireland, and uii l>^ Jan. htil 

n-ainiad?, wilh I'Vutifis Eilgenortb, ivoiivcf 

of tbe fluea of ibut eutirl, and of all otbor 

flnet upon l«lt«B and grants. 

Dy privy wal ^tr Autf. li<l)>) Kin2vtM>iK 
pnintrd a rf>niniiuint<i<r for ibo puniatiiNi 
of CO- Loncfin! nnd tbe tcttitory of Elv» 
(/Carrvll in Kiiig* Cimnly, and om tS July 
l(t:M wn* conalituted a Rammi»iuaer, jiu- 
tiee, and kiwper iS tbo peaoe in l.<oinsler and 
I'bii'-r during Uie alwcnM of Iiord-ilvput 
Falkland. Ity cominiMion dai«d U l>(c.)(i^ 
hu WOK nntbori»ed, will) four olbnr«, to oxo- 
minp ■buifli' miitmiilfid in iho army in or<W 
to tbeir mlivaii, and to lakrr a ^mnral nuai 
of nil t.lm forenc tliroii{;hciut tbi? kinfrdoon. 

Kinn dird in thn C'lowi ni liicblk-ld, Stnf- 
fordishiri', UQ 4 Jan. 10.1(1-71 aiid was biiriMl 
in Ibu (.'hdrch of Bnvle ou .tU .March fnl- 
luwini;. He id arrietf Catherine \'l. 1*1)7), 
dniij;bl«>r of itoburl l>riin', nepliow of 8if 
WiUinni Drurv, lonl depniy of IrvlaBd. Of 
bill »ix «Dll*,^<4r ttobi^rt Kinfc (ir>«l»*-lflA7) 
and lulward King (l(ill*-!ll>'i7>, Milton'* 
frii^nd, nri> luipnmtoly nniicud. Of tbrua 
daiittbtirn', Mnry yi. IlWitl marrit-d William 
C'nulfeild,iii>in>nd iNimaCburlriiKint.and Mar* 
sfiwt married Sir Oi^rurd l.nwilirr, cliief 
juktiee of the euiuuion yXiiOA iu Ireland. 

[LdJi.'d's IVirni^ uf irvlnnil < Arrlidalt). III. 
-J2»i L'nl. »ui» I'npctv, Irish, liSA-lCUj 
Ciii«ir MSa lG03-'i4 I 0.0, , 














KINO. JnilN. first l/mii KiKfisK.x (rf. 
l'l?''t, w:ii .-Mm K>n nf Sir ItobiTn King 
').v/,b_vliiitir« Vfi(r,Knin«!*, 
: 1 l>-iiry l-'f"Ukitt, thi- fiwt )i>rtl 
! Utbji: fi mllviliiuuioii. llin fnllm, ou 
^kIii^ 10 KukUiuI ill \M'i, (-ntriuti.-d liini 
wi[h ill" iMmmuinl of Bojrle C'utl«,ea. Ko»- 
cuiiii in, llikaVililiMOA ■ iMflor WM1' tUs- 
)>Ui<ni I'll tuaity occAfioah pnrttcuUrly at 
ill*' rolirr<>r El^ltin i'auli- nnd *l llwi ili'font 
of tH.- II.'.-- „rniy on 'i\ Jimn 1050, wlii-a 
1km - wiililiinovm liamlNlbeniuw- 

ml . . . .i.'lii- Bnny.tlir popish bitbop of 

ClugtiiT, 'I'bu pnrlmtut'iil nci^imliil liim full 
|K)Wvre, mid uu 'M July Jiil'J unlrri'd Liiii 
Id bw j«hI 1UI>/. fn>Ri i)vliii'|iMail«' Mlalm 
'in coiisidi-nlioti of Wtj; ultvodance' (Cal. 
Stall- I'lptr: I»om, ItUlt W, p. M2). IL- 
iriu ibi'ii a coii^nrl. IId 7 Juor llViS hcir*i 

kniftitiHl bv Ki'iiTjOoiBwcU, lord doputy- 
fpmrral •/ In-Iaiid (MnciUB, Bo^ </ 
Kn^Alt, p. Illuf. Uaring irorkcil banl for 
iki^ rastunititiii of Ctiiurloill, be «rad vtaatol 
on i Si^pt. llltiO Oil Itidi |iwY bv llie litle of 
lUroB Kindlon, ¥raa«w<>rai>fllielri«hnnvv 
vuiuicil, and wan ■|>poinI«J on ID llarcli 
JO(IO~l a CiimiuiMimitT of the eouK of cliii nu 
for llii^ «-ttlmi<'iil nf Iivlnoil. l)n K May 
lUUI liv I<kA liii soat in thi; Iriih llouw.- iif 
Lordi), im 1 1 Mny bi- was tniuli.' (xttoniitMry- 
gvncml of (III! lionx'. aad on ■'11 May wu 
added t>i llii* eoiuiuilliv appuonTi-d lo duo- 
aidet tb-! unvlioii of a colk-f^ <it pliysjciana 
in Dulilin. On li'i Sov. luiluniiti; lio vm 
■ppointcd captain of a truu]), Willi JoLu, 
lonl Ititfkrioy, Kiog wa» conKliluliKl uu 
S April KKMt'joinl-prMklMit of C'aaiuu((lit, 
•lid on A May foltomnc aole govtnior of 
tluU provinen. On 20 April pramiulf bo 
"na Dnde rolonrl of a n-^iaumt of iuvK. 
On I Oct. 1(170 be wa4 Nppuiinti>d ocu of ike 

eOBiauBiotteM t'l t-XKaUBD and Mute ike 

kmanduu Co ifaukttuff bvfbnibi^comiiiriioif- 
iiMnt of tlwt jvar, of llie farm «f lilt' rviFEiue 
Mf'on yean, and an l.iJiily UI74 bad a 

kilt bi~ jxtluiit of a (ubttantial jiiarly pNi- 
iion. Ii wntnltonnividi'dby llu!aclafMltl»- 

cnl tbut all hiielaiinit loland ahould bo rati* 
Bed andtvjntirnipd to liimnndhiaEioin. For 

laneon of Mrvicp bufure o Juno 1649 lie n>- 
eindfoHrwTvralgnuitiiuf lund. BylctUin 
'pUPBt lUtnl S^ Jul. IntM be had eunfimcd 
k> liitn tlwi lona and lands of Kilcolaian, 
wilb olbcr landi, ninoiiiitin^ to •omtr ibou- 
MUida of acrrn. in tbi: coiiniio* of LinMViclc, 
Cwrlc. and Kildnr^. 

KiuKdivil ill |tJ7'l. H« mnrricdCnlbe'rini' 
Id. l'"" I '■' -hieT of Sir Williiuu Fenlon. 
■EBl , '•, ami luft tnu 

faB». : ' ' lOlKt) [i). v.] and Jobii, ruc- I 

Mwivrljr aocond and third lord« King»lon. 

[l^oigfi-a Ptmga of Irdand (AnUaU). Ui. 
IStt.) G. Q. 

KiN(^ siK JOHN I iffiw-io;:), uwjw, 

of n IlufTUonot familv iif Itouwi, ori{j[iluUy 
iiami'd 1« Itoy, irai <;!il<«t inn nf Ji)lin Kinr, 
M.n., of AliUrstriii! J*tn»l. London, by kii 
M.>COud wiftf, Bliniilwtb, vouui^i.M duiif-klurof 
Dnn»> Itobvrld of \Vilbj«l>^i. MidJI.'^i. ilu 
wu born at St. Albaud on Ti Fi^ti. Ulllt^U, and 
wa^ p|Iiicnli>d llrsi a1 tb<^ free iberr, 

^ and ilion, fnim ih* Ago of ibiriocn, at Kimi. 

I wbcrn ho obtain*! a foundation iKlialaniliip 
amlbi'Camuhuadof IbuNcbooI. lU nraondod 
lo ijiidiis'CollciCPiCambriditc, in >'iiT«nibrr 
liU^i aiid);rnduat«llt.A. TboiicbptTBurtnlly 
di^sinius ivf Inking ontcm. by bu lal bcro d:»> 
itirv in Nuvvtubrr IIMi) ht- nu aduiitlod a 
tiieinbnr of tlio Inner Ti-aipl*, gtiul on 9 F«b. 
1I1Q7 va» cnllwl lo thn bar. Ilo boctaa a 
twDoKiTof tlipinnitl Jan. |ii74,nndirMUiii<i>r 
in I'm'). He bt-gnn hispraciicobTappcmrtni^ 
bi-furu tlic romniiMioii for ibi- rrltutlding ot 
Loudon nftrr the lire, liut wMn obloiaod Mui* 
nnu ill Wcaimimtn' Uull, aud etvutually a 
vurv lar^>^ clianorry |inctice. llv iru modi! 
n king's coiuiBel and Htioniw^eni-ral to ilio 
Uuk* of York, nnd on IO'IAh:. 1A71 wu 
kniKhtml. In ItlTii hin fiiu amnuntvd to 
4,7(>l)/. Hi* fini- mi-tnoty. bia poluihod vlo- 
qitrnfi'. bit alfublo nuuinora, aiul «till toon 
hi> ini-riTdiblp indiuirf, liad mcuiwI Carbiu 
nil frnonnouf amoiuil of work, and bo wu in 
tlielruiitnuikof biaprofctuion in nine yiiam 
from bia o&ll. Bnniul any* of bliu tbat tho 
L-ourl (Nirty wrri- wrari-of'.SirWilliuinJuDM 
[•[. V J, .^tlornfy-friK'nit, idiI wf^ roiainff 
Sir Ji>lin Kiu^ lo i iii vitb bini, hut bo died 
in bi* rino. winch indrcd nvnt on viTmjoick' 
( J7u(. o/Ai'« otm Time. fol. ni. i. :iuitl. Hi* 
bcallh bpolic down undur [h» strum nf work, 
and in bi« later yenra he could not nlwti lItar•^ 
than tliTM bouta tORi'tlivr, llo died nt Iii* 
boiuu in Saliabiiry Court xn ^^tjuuo I4IT7. 
II>.> vrai buried in the T<<tup]<^ Clmrcli on 
4 July, when.' tVr« i« an inacriiilion in tlitt 
Irilbnun] and a »Ion« in the cliurchyard b> 
bin niitnii>rT. 

King niarrird, on JO Fitb. lfi6S-7, Jny<w, 
dautfbtpr and bcirvu ,i( WillioDS Uonnelt of 
HigB Ui'tbiiit;. Iviws, by wkom be bad (wo 
toaa nod live <iuuf[liiera. 

in 107*. and contributed to C»nt. Miig. Hi. 119, 
rrprlni*d wit)i luJililiuDu in IHd.'i : lio^rrr Nortb'a 
l.ifr of Lord KfixiT I'lMuiiey'* llMt- 
rKdiliirs.p.^GTni Ecbaid'a lliWuTy of K^gUwl, 
eJ. l71S.tiL4aS-] J. A. B. 

KINO, JOHN id. ltsr»), (WvenaalinfT 
preacher, wu for Kimu liiuo doiniwtic cba|k- 
lain til lieiirr Ertkine, tliiid lord Conliuta, 

and is 1674 was nppK^lienilnil niitt triivl be- 
tvn thepriry criiiiicil ofKooiIuid Tot liolding 
cODT«nticle«. Lord Cardmi* wus hpiivily 
lintd nt tlio same lime fur pcnuittint; Kinj; 
to conduul worship iii Iiih fumily. Kinff wu« 
Admit (ml I o bail in five ihoiisand mcrkt lo 
uj'par wliiMi L-iiiled iipun. In Uw foll'iwitig 
yeur bt> WA« n^oin lelf^j al Canlrow Houm 
(lunny; tli^ nigtil ; but in tliu morning tlin 
coiinlry pnnpli' lujutuiblcil iinil look him out 
of tlifi liandu of llio mildii-ni. This incidnil 
vioK irnidn thi! oi'pnjiiin of n luttM from King 
C'linrli'9 II to iho Sciitlish foiincil, duleiJ 
12 Juiii' ll)7'>. vom|iluiiji[i|' of Tlieir mipine- 
lieiw(y/Mf. M!i'S, Ci/mm. Hlh Itqi. Ajip. pi. 
vi. \f. IfiO). KitiK wad now by It-tlwr* yf in- 
(ercomoiiinin^.ii AiiK. I^7'», dwlnivd nnoiii* 
law. On 2 June Ifl'H hrr wn« iippnihrndfd in 
tlio towii of llnmilloii hy (Irnliivin of Clavc^t- 
houic. Tho biiltl'- of ilrumclojt took ploci- 
next day, nnd Clsii-rhouso's prmoiier* wi-ri- 
n-ifiiud.' Kintf, Uowrevur, wan rivapturvd bv 
fttrataKotn on too Mtataof Blair, in the UHrii^li 
of Ddlry, Aywliiro, thortly nftiT tlie ilofeur 
of I hi> crivi'unntM* nt IJotliwoll, imd wim con- 
voyud lo Kdinburgli. Orn? of bla esciitt of 
ilmjioonii, bring naked wbiilicr tb'-y wi-iv 
bound, in snJd lo liavu nnnu'rivcl, ' To nirry 
Kinj; lo bi^tl,' Tbi.> saiue dny tbu dTu)faon win 
killi^d bv tLe&ccideiilal di->cliiir^i>uf his i-ur- 
bitio. ((Iii|.r »'a« btviiglil befoiv tli« council 
onil Julv 1C70, ulon); with u fullow-iniiiisler, 
Jubu Kul. After »i>verul flp{>«irances uiid u 
fiilil* pfllilion by eonnwl on tlipir Wlinlf, 
ihoy w(rm oondt^inni'd and cxiicuted nt tlii< 
crotA i>f KdinbutKb tm 14 Aug. following, 
tli«ir bcadi mid limbs bc'inti >i!Tort!il from 
tlii'ir bodien and j>luced on ifiu Nt-lbur Bow 
iHirt. I'roL-Iumation wan madi' inimi'dlati-ly 
bvfore lliH (•xn.-ution of an iudult^nci^ lo the 
■outed' iniiiiMerfi, and Kin)* oiid Kid wcru 
pn-surd by Itobi-rt Mi-niinK tlif eldw [g. v.], 
tlif'n n ft'llow-jirinoniT, lo *ijfnify tli»ir np- 

Stovulof il,whicb tbi-y rr'ujlim>ly dcdinpd lo 
o, King's lu/tt 5]H-fcb cm 1h« (niH'old wn» 
prinli-d. Ill it liu maki-s menliioi of bia wifv 
and oni^ cliild. Tbt- oiilv ai-nnon bv liiui 
which iiiknownloexiiit ivmcludt'd in tfii'col- 

(W.xInHr'i Hi«ory of the SafllrToBi of the 
Cbiirch of Scatlanil. Biirn'i ed. ISSI, H. 2T0- 
!!86. hi, B9-iae; I 'puok'hiiiik'i. UJMiiry of tho 
(hiin^h on^cutlnnd. ii. »i-6A: I'nirii-k WulkorV 
Biogrupliin Prwbytoriiinii. i. 317-04.] U. I'. 

KINO. JOHX (Ifi!l«-I72«). rlnHical 
whivr, ddeM eon of John Klnjc (1863- 
173i) [q. T.], wn* bom at Ad-ioni-, Nortb- 
ninplainibiri9,on fi .\.ug. l(i!M!. He wnn udu- 
calvd ul Klun and King's Col Ipgt-, Cauibridgv, 


Kndunting li.A. 171fi and M.A, 1732. and 
ing rlucli-d iL frllow. Though be ilid not 
tnki- n racdiml dogrm, be nettled al t^tam- 
fovd as n physician, and soon ac<|iiir«l a 
pn-ttt n-puiBiioa. In 1737 he nuurifd Lucy, 
Ouughlcr of TbomuH Moriccy paymaBti^r of 
tlieforcwal Lisbon, and bis Jnientlon then 
was lo wtl\« in Lomlon, under tbv diivrtion 
of John I'Veind 'q, v.], whomnrricd bin wifo's 
ainlcr, but ho wa« cut off bv fnir iit Sinin- 
ford, 13 Oct. 1738. Hit wiu buriwl nl IVr- 
tcnlinll, HcdfordihirL'. Ili» only son, John 
King, pnlrou nnd tl-cIof of Pertcnliall 1752- 
IHOO, and also fclloir of Kiu);'s College, Cam- 
brid^. dii-d & Oct. 1813, agMJ 80. 

King was ftiitliornf: I. "Kjiistola nd Jo- 
hnnnem Krcind, in qua O. Vr . TriUori (i>i< 
■.lolnni Mndico-crilicain miprr prinio rt t«rtio 
K^idcraifcirum nd c(aln(^D n■^-ncavit,' Ciun- 
bndne. 1733: an altack on tin- n-'inarha <if 
TrJliiT on the Irealises of Iljpiiocraiea on 
['pidomicft. 3. ' Eiiriuidis Ilevuba, l.>r»atM 
L'l I'll LeniftMD,' Cam bnilge, I'SOj ibe ori^nal 
Orei'k, nilb a I.alin tranalntlon ; lliU bail 
occMpind bini iifinrly flrn ynuM, nt lio had 
collnli'd ten mnnnscrinls. Thomo* Morvll 
publis!n-d for n,"L- nt I.lon in i'lS tlic eame 
tbn-e ptiivs, with the addition of ' A!i*«tiji." 
in which lie gnve nearly the whole of King's 
trHii«lation and iioIm. King waa •■l>-ct«'d on 
13 Aug. 1734 a metnlHir of ihu Gent knif n'* 
Society at S|)8tdin^. In the ' Itel. Gnlenain ' 
( niil. Tn/K'S''- lt"f- iii- '^tl ) i' the trt«t-ni«iit of 
ftngei'ltnle, nnitprdnin 1743, that hn' always 
t'lok Dr. King'n *klll in mcdala to be mora 
lliul of u trader than a scholar.' 

[Ni>-hi)U'> Lit. AnKi-lultK iii. T61. ri. 13, 03 i 
Gvnt. MiiB. Octol>cr U13, p. IDA; lUnr^od'* 
Alumni ICton. )>. 201.) W. P. C 

wrilvr. horn al St. Coliimh, Cornwall, I Mav 
liW3. inntri(>iilnli>d nt l-Ai-d-rCollcjiP.Oxfora, 
a% n poor scholar on 7 July ltt74. beint; de- 
iL-ribrd ns ugi-d Iwcniy, nnd at ibe son of 
John King of Mnnaccaii in Cumwall. II« 
hTiiduuied ]).A. 11178 and M.A, Ill80,awl in 
Kiaw, when his ftt^inl 8ir Willinm DnwM 
\<\. v.], aO.em'iirds arehbishoji of York, wu 
IIS master, took llie dngnto of ('alba- 
rinf 1 lall, Cnnihridgp. W'hrm flrsi in clerical 
ordi-rthttwascnmiL-of ISrav, Herkuhirp.Yrhew ■ 
hn ninrrit'd j\nue, yoimBwl dnughter of Wil- 1 
liam l>iirhuciiwhOf>L' nilenii* I^elilia.gmiid- 
daughti-r 'jf Sir I'rnncii Kri"llv», ireauiirt-rof 
the lioiiMebold of Ijiieim KlisaWlh. lie Ii«d 
no chikln'n by hi? Ilrst wife. (>n :i Juno 
IftIK) King miirrli-.l, n» his si-cond wifr, Klita- 
Iwlh, daughl-T of Josrpb Atis of Adslonc, 
Xorlhiimpionchiri-, and widow of the Kcr. 
Johu E9I0U, through whom he aoqiiired tbtt 



IMag of IVruciball, llodfnrdnhlrr, to nhicli 

b0WM>(OBCOtBUitUIi!d(7 JllOn ItiUU). TIliH 

bvofAc* hi: vaattod Twr inclitulitin toCiietsM 
OB S2 Sot. IBM, the tiro picriTinHiilfl hehijt 
tltnt of mimI TsJae, bui l\ie iiioome of his 
DDW liTtnK WM gnatlr iiicrvaaed hj the 
letting oJ'iDe gMi« for building. ll!ii orlii-r 
ptnfefment w»» tlwiirBbniidol tuilof W<>igli- 
ton in York Otlmlrnl. lo irliicli hnwnieol- 
Ut«il b;" ArcbbixlK'i) Dmri un I Muy 171H. 
Kint; dicii ftC CbiibM 3U M«r ITvt:.'. and va» 
hiirii>d in IVnmluUI elulicvl oii 13 Jiia^, » 
\*rf}r munil muniiinoitt Iwing erected In 
bis mvmurr. Hi* irifp ()i«d at Cb^lMM on 
:;2 JuiM li'^', ap}<l 61, Mid VM sbM burii'd 
•t PnttenliaU. Thr>ir roangwt dnnf(hl(fr, 
EtiUUa, lunird, oii ^ Aug. I'-IJ, Jobn 
Marlrn. prufi'itor of bntMnr at Cniiibrid}-i>, 
■nd iIimI on i:t I'uk I71H-U, nued i'l {Ltn- 
CWHa, livrtimfAnmMir, i. Ewi), TheKlilMt 
M4I, Jubo I ltlij>t-17:!»i, in »epu«telj noticfd. 
AttoUiM ton, JoMpli, WM buriwl •! Ajfbbjr 
CUUHU (lltXIlR, Nitrlkaaiflifiukirr, ii. Ifi). 

Kiti^ wrote, in nddition to lu'o «Tiiionii: 
1, * AnimndvifMiinnii on n I'amphlct [bjr 
Innww Matbcc jntitiilod n Li^ttiTuf Adiioe 
tolboNoocnururtniili.' 1701, lu ' bynDiviii« 
oTlbeCluutJiol England:' Hud edit., witb 
bi« oune, 170S. 2. 'CoMof Jolin Atli^riiii. 
Biibop of Vra1«iTford, fiurtv mpifwiilrd * 
(AnonOi''^'^- 3. ' Totudo-piundologo-ina*- 
tit, an \n«wer to Tnland's "nypatin"' 
I "II II. ). \7'i\. A Biiuiii I III' Sloino tlio 
l[r:i:p.)i Muwtim in onu by Kioj; <Nn. 4t-V>), 
eoatsiiuair a •uppUmrat of rrmarki in 1717 
on tb« lih of Sr Tbomai Mure, a Ivtlcr o» 
Man''* li«uiii at dieliM, U'bicli ia printed 
by rnuikn<>r (pp. SSS-W), «pilaplid and 
irrTH-s. I'Vim a nnaiiiucTipt acoouDt of Cli*l- 
M« by Kio^ in ilie poiMNMn of it* rector lone 
extract* %tt midfi \r Lynon*, Fikiilltntir, nnd 
Bmrrr. Kinji't diury and nipmnrmdii nn^n 
ili« I'lvmoulb I*to]irii-iary I.ibmry. Mn was 
on* of*Uie wriii'rt subtcriU-T* to iUv Hucit-ty 
for lVonotint[Cbriiiliiu> KnowU'iIj^. 

(Mrbula'* Ul. AiivnlMM. >i(, I>'i6, «l!l; t.^- 

ins's EBiiront, iii. HA; Ilntkvlt *nd I^ainc'l 

in. literuiirp. i- W i Oorhtin'* Morlyn Funi ly. 

48. &*. ; Kiuiltntf'a C%iOm», p|>, 63-7; 

iTcr'a ChcInM, pitaitt; Urfi'lvrr'* <.'titpi«r 
in Cliwch Hi.wn. pp. *-!*-] W, 1'. C. 

KINO, JoilN <I7i:^-lHI7), i>«inl«r, 
wu bnrn at IMrtmoulIi in 17M4, and nt tb» 
twi-tily <TntoriHl tlii> hl'IuhiIs of l)ie 
Acadpiuy. He lint i'\ltibi'.fd at the 
Lulitii'liou in 1H14 and at iIm Arn- 
y ia Itil7, and lliroufbaut lii« lir* wn.4 
liKitt o>ulribuiof to both of biblical, 
irMn, aad bidoriral xulii'-ot*, oi 
of portrait*. Mi-ctitiK nilh liilli: 
•iiectM in Ijondon bi- paid rn.t|uvnt and ■^x• 

tnidud viaitd to Utintol, where Ilia nrt. was 
boiler appKciatuil ; for St. Thonioii'i Churcb 
in Ibat «tv hepuialvd in 1334:1 the 'Incre- 
iluliiy of 'Si. TLoiuaa,' and for Rt. Mark'a 
Cbapel tile ' I>Md Cliriit snrraunded bj- His 
Diaciplu*.' For I In- former, n very large but 
poiir wirk, be roeoind SOW.; tli« latiM is 
HUialler and of belter quality. King aUo 
painlt-d llii> portraitAuf many of Ihit Inadin^ 
ciiiK'ni^ nf Briaial, nnd b<? is rvfirrrtsl to in 
' Frii.i l-'ar!in*'« Ithyniea' ae a mtwber of tlw 
'Urixol SplifHiU* 'Hit portnil of tine It«v. 
Ui-nry Fmnei* I.tIi* [a. vO 'b* tivmn-writer 
Uiu bix-'o enKnivril bv (i. tl. Iliillin*. King 
divd at a[>opk-xy nt flartmnutli ]2July 1^7. 

[Rodi;rarA llicl. uf ArtiRta; GniTca'f Diet, 
of Artists. 17*0-1880; F»lil P«Wi EIriilol 
Journnl. IT July 1817: lintitli Iniiitulion nail 
Itoyii] Aoulsniy CnUloitum : Omrffnii Ljles 
Giry Manur Uoutr. 18711. |L 11; infornuiion 
from the Rev. C. I^ylor. viear of Sl Thomiu'k, 
BriRiil.] F, M, O'U. 

KINO, .lOIlN DUNCAN (17MI-IM.')), 
caplnin in iliciaraiy and tandaca US' painter, 
bom in 17i^i>, entered tlii^ arn^ in Aii),'u«t 
180fl, and became lieutenant in February 
180W, ilv ■ermd in ilw Walc.lieren expe- 
dition and in lUi- reiiiniiiilnr war, and wa* 
prpwnt at tlie batltc< of Diwnco, \'itToria, 
and tliw Pyreiiei-s. boin^ woundt'd m-vi-n-lv on 
2(* July 1^13, He wai nt tb<> wj-o- 

Rllon'of Pai-ia by ibe nlliea in UlS. On 
Mnrrli 1830 be wa« pmnotod to be cop- 
loin, anil onl'><Dee. l^SOiroa placod onlulT- 

fny. KinK '">^ n taWiit fortiaintin£,andin 
SiM iTxhibiti'd at f bw IViral Aeacleiny u view 
in Spain, from n dravinf by l.ienteiiant- 

KncT\\ Hanker. In \KVi ha B«ni i view in 
honorary exliibitor of vii^ws near Killamoy, 
Itoiiluffne, and oilier pUoeu. In 1613 he u- 
hiliiU'U a ptctDTi) called ■ A Pil^m.' Ho 
alrnvKbibiied tliirly-mn>B landtcspcs at tlie 
Itritixb ln*tiIution; ihe lout wu vent in 
IWW. About IM'i King wo* iiuide n niili- 
larjknieUt of WiQ(U'ir,andnuidiadin Wind- 
aorCostJis anlil kii death on :?1 Aug. IWt. 

[Qenl. Maf . 8rd »er. 1803, pi. il.p AtKi RikJ- 
gima'aDiet. of ArtiiUi Windwrnn'! Ktoii tia- 
ffttt, 19 Aoe, ISM; Catalogaun of lli* Boral 
Acidniiyand BrilltlilniitKuttoBiGrarcs'tDicl- 
tif AftitlR.] L. C. 

KINO, JOHN (JL>:N,D.n.(1732-1787), 
divine, boni in Norfolk in 17.12, wm edu- 
enttil at Giiiia Colleitf. CambritlsK, wLcm bo 
gradiinted I)..\, in 17ft-' and il..\. iii 176S. 
After ukinc ordera be was prv*enl«l br 
the in 17C0 lo the ncnni^e nf Bvrwick 
Par™, Norfolk ([tLOMcnsi^, Hitl, </ .Vor- 
folk, \. S97), and tabaoquently wasnpi>oinied 




<;hii|)liuD In tbo English fsctoryal St. PptiTr>- 
huTg. During lii" m^'klrnco in Itiixiiin bn wnij 
rippoinl-'il mndnlli^T. to the ciupniu ; nnd li9 
(levot'-il much lime in l!ic Mudy of tbe liis- 
tnry nml lilurgiciil rilw of llie tinfkdiurt'li. 
IIi^ liorjunc n fi'llovr of ihu Society of Aiill- 

Suaric-j of IjonduD (-u 10 Jan. l"7l. and on 
_1 Kifb. in the aanieyi-arwiu«ili.'i:<«(ln fellow 
of thf Kovb) Socierv (Tiiomiton, /^^^^ o//A* 
Soyal H'Tifty, Append. i%". p. liv). Il" wii« 
incorporaliMl M,A. nt Oxford, on 18 March 

1771, (IS n mi'mlwr nf (ThriJt ("hiiivh, and 
fmir liny* Inlur inuk thi) dpifrcM of B.I', and 
D.I), ill ihni Hoivi-rsiiy, IIi- wiis pntfeutt-il 
to Ihc! rciirttiry of Wiinnley, IIi'rtfc>rd»liiri', 
liy i^ir .\brtiliuui Ilumi?, biirt,, in July \'^'H: 
snd in llie simmx^r if 1 7W be pureliwicd tlif 
rhnpplry uf Siifiiic Onrden», Somomot. IIii 
nUo nuivhntiod, ibmigli nt wUat date i* not 
SUted, Dr. John Wamor'* eliapcl in l./)nK 
Acre, IjOndtin(Niciiow, Z(V. ,4b«v/. ii.4Ul). 
II* died nl bi» boitn.- in Edward Slrwt, I«oti- 
don, after n few buurt' iHneM, un -t No^'. 
17^, and wad buriinl in cbiircbyard of . 
Wonnley. | 

IIo itiarrii>il, Hr»t, .\nn Mngiliilcnr, dmiirh- 
ter of Miphtwl t'omhrimr, by whnm hi- hud 
Oli«dnii|;hii'r, .\nnn [Icnrif^ttn; and »LT.'i)inilv, I 
in AugiMt 177a. nl (Jreenwii'b. Jniip.diiiifib* . 
Inrof John lirdi-, i-sq., of BliwlihLiilh (abt- 
died in .Xngiisl l7f^Wl. 

III? wn» Ibf nulhor nf: 1. Vt-r*"-* in ibe 
CninbridR" rniviTBitycollivlionon Ihi^di'atli 
of Frrdfrick. printe of Wales, 17o:J. 'i. 'Tbi" 
KitM and Ci-r«'inoiii«« of the Greek Church 
in KiiHiia : cuniaiuinsait Account of it* Dor. 
irinu. Wiiwbip. ntid l)i*-iplinn,' London, 

1772, 4l», doilimtrd to ibr^ kini;. A learned 
work, illuMrntdd with cnnpitr-jiliitc t-nRriiv- 
inipi. 'A. ' \ letter In the BisUop of llnr- 

male »!' itii'^iu, and ibc Northern Ooiintne^, 
wilb a \wn- of iIip FIving Mountaina nl 
Znrttio Si-lhi, n-nr St.'l'plnrsbnrg,' I77S. 
Printed inlhi- ' West roinjilerMnjrii^inc,'l7W», 
viii. nr., A. ' Ohjcrrrilion* on tlie KurliL-rini 
Vail''," 17SI1; in ' .Vrchn-oloKiu,' viii. 30". 
(>. 'C'dtnliij-iie of (1 mnoll Library at Si. Peler— 
burn," Liiivloii, l7-''«l,*'vo. C. 'Niiinmi Kami- 
liftruin ct linperalornm 1 toma norma ' ' Lon- 
don P 1787?). 4(0, coniriMing lit' 102 lilnif*. 
witliout loilnrpn-iii. 

Thneisnncnt print of bimby l-'ourdrininr. 
Another portrait nfbitn. painted by ]-'alconet, 
wn« eiigriivcd by (Jabrii-i .Suiiih. j 

[Addil. >IS.68;«. t tJ: GoDl. Mng. toI. U-li. 

Ct. )i. p. 1030, vol. lit. pC ii. p. SID ; N'ii'huU'- 
it. Aawd. iii. OSS. 82*, 780, \x. 0, ISfl ; Ccf.of 
Oxfonl OMiliinii'i., mil. p. 38,1 : (imdunti Cnn- 
Inln-. 183S,p.2;S; LiihiiWj H!M. Miui.(lk)bn), j 

p. un.y T. c. 


IS^."?), miisirni composir, liom in 1773, slu* j 

died muiicgJ com poei lion undt^r Chatlos PtvaJ 

wliMe lie died in Janunrr ISiS, 

Kingt\rt«le tbetuiuic'toa numW of dra- 
matic pieces, most of which were pmdtjcrd 
nt the Lyceum TbMlr». Tbev iDclud«: 
' MntrininnT,' comic opere, words lij James 
K.nnev ^•l-*"]i l**"*!! 'Tb.? Invicibl* Girl' 
comics opern, mtiiic by Kini; ami Rrsham, 
worl»byJ. Kenney, IXP": "tJnno'rlock.oP 
ibo AVood Ilcmon," coinje opira, munie bjr 
King and Kcnuey, n*urds by U. G. I^wk, 
1^)7! 'Kllii llosenhprj;,' nielodrnnia, by J. 
Krnnny, lfi07; ' ITpall Sl;-hl,orTbe SmUff- 
glor*' Cave,' comic op^ro, wonl-i bv S, J. 
Arnold, IsOB ; ■ Plot*, or llie North Tow**,' 
Dielodnuuiilic oyetn, wordi by S. J. Arnold, 
1(^10 ; ' Ob I thii l,niv.' caniA opera, wards 
by J. KenuL-y, IwlO; 'Tlin Ani<^ricaii*,'miujc 
W Kin^ uud BriiUain. l'*ll; 'Tiiaour thn 
Tartar,' romantic m'.-liK!riimn,)irM. G.l«wi<, 
ICIl i "Turn him oul,' musical fanw, wmpj* 
by J. K.inney, IPl^; ' Tile Fi-luTman'a llut," 
music by King and Unvv, ISIO. 

KintcrompoHid n nuinbc.rr>f |.'K-«>, baltailt, 
nnil pinnoforle pintrci, a* will an an oratorio, 
■The InlerceHiion.' which wai prodncwl ■( 1 
Coveni Garden in 1^17. In tbw, Kvii'a It- 
menluliou, 'Musi I leave tbci.', E^iradiwf* 
becanie xt-ry po|mlnr. 

lie was'lbe author of 'Thoiroo(rU llaaa 
madx ea«y lo every Cajiueitr,' I^^idon, liOdt 
' \ ni^nernl Trcaiiie on Mti^lc, particularly 
on Harmony or Tliop>ngb Bum,' a woilf «if 
eonniderablc repute, Londnn, I t-flO, new edit, 
It^OO: 'IntroihirlionldtbcTbi^iry and PriM'- 
ticeof SineicBOi Kirrt Sif;hlj'l.ondon.lM)(t; 
and he ediled 'Tb<-- Unrmomjt, a ColbiOtion 
of niwea and Mnilrigiila from tlic Claaaie 
Fooli'.' London, Itll. 

nil (on.C. M. King, publialied aome MaM 
in lt«^n. 

[llMva'a Dirt, of Miid«, it. 17; Blown'* DIM. 
of Muuc, p. 3d0 : Dril. Uui. CaulognaJ 

KINO. OLIVER (//. 1503). bidiop of 
lliith and WclU, a native i>f Loudon, beckmi> 
ncholiir of Kton in I44n (llAKWwm, Alumni 
Kt<in.\>. 107),andwii*e!fiel(«l fetlowof Kinjc's 
College, CumbriOgr. lie in mid (nharobevR 
Beoretary to Edward, prinen of WAl«a, soit 
of Henry VI. and in 14"fl wb« apnointiul by 
I'Wword IV bi^chief Bccretniy in rrench for 
life, being dcucribf d a« a ' mnsler of the »M»n 
libiTnl nrls' and n licentinle of lawn. In 
IIHO he will madi! a cJinon i>f \VinJ«or, iv- 
aigning in that yvar a prv'bnid at lleKfonl. 








ili> WAS maif^t£laf-lbe otd«r of tli* <iarter, 

ut'l IB M»9 KcMtccI tli« srcliitonr»nrT nl 

OxfiwiL IticliArd lit on liU nccrwion in 

I tS>1 dcprivKd bim <>r tlio nRtco of Mcrninrr. 

llnvinc: U-«o n'iiutalcil by llrnrv Vlt iii 

1 if-'i, bii ivrnivi-d > cnmtnitiion on S Deo. t" 

nx^'l ibn commiiaioncw of (.'liarU« VIII r.t 

F^1lllc•^, BuJ Iivnt for a prolongation of tin 

IriK'''. Forlii* PspMinc* on tliio ^inbBwy hr 

ri't'iv.".! tbe foUuV'in^ yenr fifty tnnrUs. nnd 

fiirtliof t'lnplovL'rt on a commifJion to 

prtain tlir ri^liih of thi^ crown in I'alni*. 

MMiDo), and (iuUiu'*. Hit irni B]>|»>inlc(l 

iLe dMRi-rr of Ilrrrronl in 1 1^7. A 

■III in XtM to kiln, Lunl Uanlii'ny, nnil 

jintbor of ihu next ainonrv irliicli sboulil 

bll*me*iit«l WinijMrig ptoJMibl^ cordivImI 

^thftUceiMe iranli-d to liint in tbpwiini' 

m found t]i« gtuM of ll]c Ilolv Trinity 

; Wiaibnr. On 13 Jnly I4ft» Im wos in- 

ftlled at Weill atchiltarnn of Tniincon 

augli bi« jnoeior ^ItiiriotLiw, from Li^r 

k^ Being nppomtnl bishop of Exet«r 

' • papal piovtsioo dalt^d Uclobvr VV.f^J, lio 

~ 1 cOBMCimted to tliat 9«i^ in 8l. Sf^phi'iia, 

rf<*tiniiiitli!r, ua S Feb. foUuning;. It \» 

niibtful wliHber lie ever cnlch-^ lii« dio- 

(Olitkii). bi> "tonil liigh in lln) 

n-"s (■nuiT if provinl by tlif pniminiTnl 

in KwigBdl to bim ill t)i>> rrriMnony of tlK> 

alwn of tbo kini;'' w)n lli'iiry a.i iIiiIil- of 

tarll. In 140-'>lii>n*aii tran.ilat<.-tt brn luiput 

all to till- dincnN! of llntL und W^ile. In 

rpti'inbrr 1197 In- wroto to ucriiiiiiiit tti'.- 

j^DiC "f <br Undini; of IVrkin ^^•^)wcl! in 

pomwBll, and on tliB i.'Otli II^'iiT^' wp>l« to 

Um telling him of lli« pro^mm of niFnin. 

Thrr? iIrv'' InlfF III) wn^ villi tli« kinlt nl 

VowUloi'k, llfi MCiinpikniifl tlio kin^ "ti 

i« loan-b into SanwrrsTt, «U'l nitunxl WcUs 

Ifitli blin on Ihir SOtli, wliicb mriMiiB to bat* 

I till' bi>li'>p'a first visit to liia catluninl 

JtV. IK' is >aid to \ia\e- TtMted Itntli in 

f4m>, anil wliile tli^^n- lo hum liAil n rr^ 

■nrkable drvam. The abb?y clinrrb wui in 

uiiH. Atniglii Ii*Iiad«vi*ionorth« Trinity 

kiiil a laddiT vilh iin)(rlji a>f nndinR and dc> 

pndinK, anil at tbr fool nu o1ivc-tri.ii «u]i- 

r>nii>t,' n croirn. He limnl u v•Ji(^^ sijiiig, 

' Ijrt an i>liv<> cMabliF.!! the ctowti, and a 

Irititf TWton- thechurfIi'(lItltlS<IIoK). TUo 

T'tJh filling bU nBru<>, lii> (ipiiUM ili.'in to 

Di>e1f.and.iti(y)rijiinrtionn'lIii friorllirilc, 

to nrbiiil'l ili<* rhiircli, onicrioR lliot 

__ I iar]ilu( rnir«Tiui'« nf (lie lioiisi', nftiT 

>|«*nH*nt of fprtAiti fixed nllovancti* to 

IP [Trior, monk', and otlicra, nhould be do- 

ntwl to ibe work. His cliiircli. whicb he 

lid not livo (o finiali, is built on the nave 

"Wly of ilie older ehiin'b. !!« ranspd lii» 

drMBi to b« r«preMfit«d on Ibn wni front, 

with ths lilM*, ' Tr^oo gola^ (« chute ihear 

I kin^ said. Bo i» ii« ihe olivo kin^' (Jud^ 

' ix.p). 'nie1nddiprEnndnngt<li>(DOwb«adleM) 

of hii drfam nrr mill to bu mmi 04I tho wp*t 

front. Sir John HarinRton roprwirflia bim 

X* npl to listim to wixards and sflothsnyrni, 

'I ! -.'iy« that it viaa lhou);hl tlinl hv R'll 

,11- ■ .1 uiBlnnchnly oflcr tlir di-iirh of Princu 

Arthur in \'f>i, on ftwoutil of a propliucy 

forrliOlin^ ibn eviU which Hptin", aftpi^ 

I wardi kin^, would bring on the rliurch, 

' Ilfl died on 2!> \ag. I WS (RGr.toi.oH, fMni 

ZiAei- IMev: W'nsKtoni <!oi)wis'# dnt*-, 

I 24 Jun.p in YTTOnpt. Hp is «uiU to hare 

bn-n burivd, atvordin)' (o llii- diri'Ctioni in 

hi» will, on iht> north eido of ihn choir of 

tilth Ahbcy> niiir ihn high ntlar, thou^li it 

i« aJHi niuirrliid ibnt he van hiid in cb(<KiUtIi 

ni»Ic of St. CJporirf's Chnpi'l nt. Wiiulior, 

within a chnntri- rUaf.-! which hn Imindod 

nnd which slilt rciaiiu hij nsmc. In llii* 

chapi-l thcru is u lonib of grry mntblu which 

is osH^ird to hiiD, and ii««r it U un iucom- 

plelo iniw7iptton concerning him. A Mtntue 

ofhiiD, itanding by thf we«t dnorof Halh 

Ahbny, wa* rrwitcd'oarly in tbo »ovmt«entl) 


(L' NdtVal-'Mli Exi. \. H3. Id'. 3<«. 4". 
iSI. iii. 3SB<UiiMy): KymiT'iFiHletii. ui.2fi. 
270, td. 1711 i Mnirrlnt) llluttRitivp of Rrleo 
of llvu. VII. i. 103. Sis. ii, 10. 101. 4TI IKuTll 
f^r.): Lttten. fie., llic. HI nn-l lUo. VII, 1.305, 
ii. 4U7 (It»ll> Sor.) : KItiVi Orii-. Ijsllrr*, IM 
r<T. i. StS].^ lUrii-'d York Knranls, p, Ittj; 
niiriiiiitoo'fi NuB» .i»tiq. il. I3G. td- ISOt ; 
Vr'linrl-in's .Inljliii Socra. l. ^76; OlirorV Di«hn|>ii 
<>r Kii'inr, c. lU; (.'nunnV l{i*ho]4 of Hoih and 
Wi'Kt. I'p. 31S-30 ; ('.o-ltfiii. Ho Pnnutitini. p. 
3H*i dtjDoMi'aWflUruhoilml.pp 17P. :!00i 
WnriHTv lUth. (.■ 131; Som-iMt .\rr-lin<i>l. and 
Nut. Ilinl.Hoc.'tiPruc. xit. ii. 37, utu. i.l9,\iT. 
ii. m.] W. H. 

KINO, PAUL (.1. W,-,\ Iridi J'nuici*- 
<-an, wnB thi' itoii nf Co^uf^IiuIt King, wbowai 
omploycd by liord Ujiuvt I iMory a* a cl6rk 
or wcwlaiy. Iti* uncle, the II«t. MnrlHjj^h 
King, wa< n convert t'> pp«i«t*ntii*ni. and 
br'nuflcnl by WiUlnm IMitll [q. v.], bishop 
of Kilmore, wlio<iiiployod bim to iranslntc 
the Old Tetlamcnt into Iriih. -iccotilin^ to 
Ridinrd Bvllings [i|. t.|, KinR was chriMencd 
Duvi'I. Ili« nnmi- in rvlipoii was I'auluii a 
Spiritn $«uclo. In nirly lift- he was im- 
j.ri'oiioii BiHoiiK the Mr-iw. and owwl bia 
lilifralion to 1.iikn^Vnd>!iiig [q. v.] tn 1A41 
ho taught moral l)iiv>ln|:^ at Drinditi, nnd 
in 1044 hewn* doinjc simitar work lit Kil- 
kenny, where be nail mndt^ gunTdion of the 
I convent and, a* it so«nf, of the wholn pro- 
vino^, by the nuncio KiriiiccLni, whoft- caimo 
he MpouKd both against OnuondeaodagninU 




the supTeiue council of llie conr<,iIerat4i en- 
tlioUci. In -Inly lti4S, when acting ns tlio 
nnncio'* ronfldL'titliil ii^nt {C'Aniii^iL Mu- 

KUC, '^irilff/ium Otmnejue, L A^'l), lie WM 

nnwtca bv orJur of the council, and liu 
Bimrdiiuuhijiofllii.' convent con femcl on Petvr 
W&itk {Aphon*miral Ditooetrg, ed. Gillierl, 
i. S3S). A f«w (lavs later he wroio lo Mnc- 
malion, bishop of Cloglwr, inviting Ownn IW 
O'Neill [q- v.] to leiM Kilkciinv und all Ibu 
juincio's i-tinmien before OrnionJi-'i rnrivnl in 
Iri'ltiml. Tholollorwiuiinti-rciipied.amlKiii); 
flixl totht [■cniiinont, Accordiiiff to HuUint's 
bu hud'>pi.-iityi.'')uimitl(.'J innuinernblifCritnes, 
but the ubiirtivt' plui )'> betroy Kilkenny is 
alone tnuntinoud. At I,ouvoin \w. wrote o 
blll«r diatribu nKtinsI Kiniircim* cippononl* 
und tlip An|i[ln-lri«h piirty (rrni-riilly ; and 
this pninpliliil, wliinli profotisi-s lo linvo beoii 
wfittcn ffiim Ibu Iriib cuinp soini; nmutliB 
bufore, wm cnrv fully t'lrculHii-tl by the waii- 
juriuff Frani^iiti^jina in TraTice, Spain, and 
Ilaly. Helling* dis*ect» il sonlonnr by fl'Ii- 
li>nce in tli<> 8P>*i>nd part of ibe ' Vindiciie.' 
Jnnoci^nC X i< bdii-vrd to bnre blamcif) tUu 
nunrio much, but Ike Krnnciicnn ordOT B«nt*- 
rullv Muiainud hitn, and iii IdlU Kinic wa« 
mtiui^ |{iiardian if 81. Kidore'x at Itoiuu 
(Sirieil/ylum Oe*<iri'»»/; J. 3^i'>)- The famous 
John Colguii [ij. T.] niconim-.-ndiiil him as a 
pfopsrpersonlobiirommiMiiryovi'rtho Fran- 
•omeyCiansecmary Inttn'pTricurnTnr-f^nerul 
of the order. Ikllinjfs rccrels ( ITjirfiViV, 
prefftci- to part ii.) having hud no opporLunity 
of uliowing that, punishment was OvBervrtd 
nithcr r.hoii nroaiotioii : hut his anlagoiiinl 
John I'oooi-sliiin^-lf a Franc-iscan, «ays Klii^ 
wiiH worthy "( i-vrn much Kreatw lionouni. 
undd'.-fi-mlBhiui iijiiiiiict a chni^« of publish- 
ing Kcurrili'ii" v<in">>i. Whilo at itonin King 
nnyiTli'd a IhioU in t'-n rolumoJ in honour oi" 
liii order ('na»tri iwrnpliiti ordiuia'l, but 
oulr lired to publish a kind of sylhibuB, 
which was licMiaod furthe'lndex'aa'oamiMi 
of a groat work.' Kiji^, who was n pnifiunor 
of tlwology, was liamod in Orciik and lln- 
brow. llu- record* kin prc'fwoiice fur an 
obviou* and uit>y Myk*. ami wrutu wilh vi- 
p>ur,bul tiiuorrectly. tliou{(Ii be was a pii]iil 
of Um famous laliuitil. DouaveDliirL' Itarou 
[([. v.] U« died, it u betieved at Itoue, in 

ICin^a published writitie«, all in r.nttn, 
aru: 1. Letter lo the Hiiliop of L'l[i|[hrr, 
AusutC IC-W, printed In llL-Uin({»*ii'Vindii:ijp.' 
i.O&nj). 14,atidiii(V>:i'ii'IIdji.'niiaAiig1icnnu-' 
i. ' Epikloln nobilid llibfTiii ad umicuin 
fivlgau «cmita BX castri" cnt!i'dici» i'jiiiid>-in 
regni, dio 4 Uaii, anno lOitt,* printed in 
' Vindiciwt' ]>(. iL, and in Oilbort** ' Coiitum- 

porary Ilietorv,' ii. 31 1. 3. ' Ideo Ooam. 
graphiie Sorapliicm <ionc(^ta ol cniiciiiuBta 
r'r, Paulo King, Hibemo, . . . Koinai,' lOu 
■1. An El<!gy on Cardlnul .Vimnmw. 

[ViodiciiDCatlinlicomtn Uibprniic.aiithaavPS. 
lo|mlro Irvnvo (]{i<:liard Bcllingi). Purls 'HW 
Jolui PonfFs Vindicin Rvnrwv. Pnih, itiiiz. 
OilljffrL's CanUmpnnrj Hitl. of AiUin in Ire— 
Uod : intarmstiaa kindly tapplivd br tiw R«t. 
F. [.. Carar, late euvdiaa oE St. InidoTr'i.l 


KINO. PliTER, Srit Lokd Kiso, DABWr 
eellor, son of Jerotne King, rtoccc oimI ilrj- 
Mltor, of Kxeler, by Anne, daughlrr of I'ctct 
Luchi!, nndc of the philosopher John Lodtr, 
WM bom in ICxi'ti^r in 16W. H«i wa« edit* 
Mled in Exuli-r at the nnnconfonnint ku< 
d^my kt'pl by Josnph llulli'lt (IftSlV-ir^i) 
[q. v.] and br#d lo bin father'* biuioeat, but 
Kliowod a studiouH di»pii«ilinQ, and Rp«nc 
all hit pocbel-nioai'y in buying booki. !!« 
wan trainud as a pTDsh^Ieriaii, and intvrcMcd 
bimjulf in ihn narly history of (he Chriiittan 
church. Ill 1601 ho published an unymoasly 
Unily and \Vor»hip of Iho Primiliv.' Clinn:li 
that tlouriiilied within tho lirii thr^'^ buu- 
drod years aftor t'liriol. Faitlifully I'ollrclinl 
out of til" ftxiant Wriiing* of iljusc Agi-n," 
London, iL'mo. I^ocke was iuIen-Med bvlliii 
tr<^utiiu>, and p«ir«iiailitd King's lather tu m'IkI 
liiin lo iIh univarsity of l^ydtii. wherv h» 
spent nhout Ihrno vcnr*. lie woi entered us 
a ntudelll Bt the >iiildb ToiDplK oil 33 (>M. 
1IS!I4, and waa cullrd to tbn bar on S Jttne 
ll!(t(* by th* reconiiuendttlion of Ohit^f-juslio* 
Tr-'by [([. v.] lie nipidk made hii wuy bolli 
onoirciiitnndat Wettiui^uiiler.audouIOJnn. 
17(H)-1 wo* n;tnniod lo parljamcnl in the 
whig intenat for lhi> cbi»o Ix^Miigli of litwr- 
olatou, IK'vonshiri-. 'I'ho Mwtioii cnvc tbs 
whiin an inuncniw majority, nud King, by 
Locke'a adviou, aBCTilkad llie tpring circuit 
lo remain in town nnd watch the cuiiiwe ol 
t^vunis. lie inadf liis maiden tpcuch in tlit 
hotun in I'obriiary 1703, and wao, orcurdinjr 
to 11 oonifratiilatory tetter from Locke, wicll 
rereivtid. ]Iiifir»i reporloil q>eecb, liiTWcver, 
wna delivered in lb"- lii^bnl^' on the Aylc«burv 
election na*u in IT(M. when lienhly vindicalisl 
the rights of the electonu III 170"i he was 
appoinled rvcordur of Gluatonbnrv, aail on 
37 July 1708 rtfoorder of Loudon.' He wn» 
knighlfMlal Witid«oruu the enduing l3>Sept., 
aflrrcnveying to the queen ihe coiinatula- 
tioiis ofthncily npon lite battle of Ondeiwrde. 
-Vt this lime hr wa:> re^pinlod ai< nne oflUe 
uiiiitietays of tliu whig party, In I71l)hewaii 
one of the uanui^^n) of iha impnudnwut 
of Socheverell, und ajn^avated Ibo doctor'i 





fnmA emaura of tlie Tttleraliou Act into a 

'ouIieroMi, Mxnthlottii, Mid «edit!oiu libol.' 

Ob li»ir TOtam to poimr nfti>r ihi> frniwml 

rlifliwi. t)i« toriR* ivialinti^l br miTiiii; 

(10 Junr 17ll'> tlial tlic wufaro In llio ns- 


<^St. .\apti, diwrrred bunung by I be conuauu 

Inru^nHa, a iiiotiun ■tthiA kW Btuull}', but 

ui niii. nMnt«<d. lie defrndwrentaitoatty 

Willimi Wbiiiion [q. v.], on on trial for 

Umj in July IT 13 (Wtiinax, Mrmmr*. 

irm, p. a'). On tlw amv*] of (ienren I 

It thrcniinlrj. Kiiiji. m* recorder of Laticiiin, 

tili«dodwilh the mayor and cDTinrutiuu to 

nmvo biiD at St. Martlet's Hill. SoulJi- ! 

«vk. on bi« pn>||;reM from tin't'nwicli to ' 

■St. Jamot's (A> ^t. 1714). Sikiii slter- 

arknlt, at tli« eiiu^t'on of l.iinl Oiwpi'r | 

iq.T.]> b« W dei'iirnalotl to (^iioc^kI XmtA 
Wror [a. v.] iii thn commim plono, and 
•ooopdinjcly an 2C <>cl. 1711 hr tmk thu 
danvv of •viJBanT'uMiiw-. umlonL':! Nov. lliu 
MUUli U ofalef jutt ici- of ibr commuli [itenH. 
HU MU17 was OxmI at if,i)UU/., duubl« (liat 
of hia prMlccM»or. (hi bis ooiueqiifiil n- ' 
Mgnfttioli of ibe IMMrdi^rahip nf I.ondon hn 
wma pwmnud by th« marnr and rnqnirailnn 
with k p*«er o[ plain 'a* a loving rcmi-m- 
branca of bi> uanr ^ood Mrrioea diMio to 
tbe citv.' Ou I'M MoToh 171G hn waa *woni 
of Ibe'prirj- council <BorBB, Polit. State ;f 
fSrral iirilain. ix. 238). Diirinff tbi- t«iiiro 
of hi* neit odSce King ttainvd thu rvputatiun 
of «a Mnineat]y abbiv luam«d. uiid iiuiuirtml 
jodm, but, a« tb« biuiiu«« of bia court waj> 
vntTrvly ciril, bad not much opjmrt unity of 
tfying nolorioQM cwra. Hi> Inod thn com- 
moaon impliatod in Ibn rrhollinii of 1715; 
balthcMCBitcaarannt reported, tboiitrb, from 
some cxenpU priutcd by Lotd Campbell from 
humaBtucrlpt ropoit to tlwaccretaryof atiitt-, 
hv am>«r« (" liavf bwn l<>ni««it, In a ca«e 
tried by luni in 1 71*2 Kinj^ has b#en c«iMur>>d 
for piiItiaglivlilx'rtlaooiMtTiicl'Kiii upon ihn 
CovMHry Ad (tJ k ^ Cor. H. e. I ). wliich 
naadA m«lic>ouE mniminfC or woiindin);. nilb 
iaUfll to itinl^un? t lie pnraon, fotony, witboiit 
tMOcflt of 'ter^y. A man bud Ix-irn k-fl Cor . 
daad br bis inicndini; muTdi-n.-ni, bul had n.- 
«oVCnd. Ku)K diivflttfd the jury tliut thp 
iaMOlto Border included tbc intent lo maim 
or wound, and the prisoners were ctmvicicd 
sad exocutmL 

In January 1717-18 Kinjrconi^iirrpd with 
tbft majwily of hi* collcai;it'M in ndvi*ini{ 
(ieotxel that tho coiAody of ih<- rorni Kmnd- 
cliildrenwaa rMtcd nol in their fiilli<^r, but 
in tbe crown, a &ct wliicb woa prubnldy 
not feiwott«a itben the Earl of Mn«ilmH'.'l<t 
rMigBM ibe gTOBt (■»] in Januarr 1724— '> 
(tee PiKKEn. TiioxAf, Eabl or Uaccu^- 

TW. IXXt. 

nsLD, 1666' 17^2}. King was atonci^cuia- 
misuoned 10 supply tlie lnl« «liaiici-llur'it 
plac« tw cpeokpT or t^i> llou>e of I/irds, iu 
which capacity h«pmsid>'d at bis trinl on tli« 
articloi of imnoaonnii-nt Kubii^iicnilr oxhi- 
bilvj o^inat MaMlealii>M. no'l ri-nd tbo «aB- 
teniae oJ iho Iioum on 2o JIay. (In !W Miiy 
he was niaed lu tb« jiotrnj^ as Lord Kinj;, 
baron of Ockham, Sunvy, and toolt his teux lu 
tli« Ilonn^ of Lords on the SIbI. Od 1 Junu 
lh« kinfE detirvred to him tbe rr«it bmI, and 
ho waa forthtrith nwora lord chnnoelliNr and 
appointed one of the lord* jiutiom in whom 
this rc|iL-iicyn'a« veBloddurinit tbe kind's ap> 
proaching vlait to IlanorcT. A oalviil »f tliA 
ollicv of lord chuiicvllor was alao mado out 
lobimiii tliv rurai'^iiiuadiuaebenegeMeTit,' 
and bMidiM lilt- onlinary erooltimintts of hia 
oHico, which ihen consisted chiefly of fees, a 
peniion of iigOCM)/. a year was snltled upon 
aim, with no additional l,SOCl/. a year in Lieu 
of ibe pmlllii ariiiiif; riuui the mle of office*, 
tb«l fdrlbe GrA timy eiprvMly dwlurwl ille- 
gal. II0 rv4i(rri"d the chief juBlicivhip on 
3 Jnno. On llii- occa'ion of Ooorpi' I's lost 
vinit 10 Ilnnovi-r li.< wss ounin iiotniUBti^d ouo 
of the loriU jiiilici-B, :tl May IT27 iJtoTGB, 
ftW. Stair of fir'vjl liritaiu, xxijt. tm, .VW, 
xxsiii. Bit)!, On ID June following ho tur- 
rendcrwl ihu (fn-ul wid to UiKirc^- II nn hia 
accession, hut iium»liati-1y rvoeivcd it badt, 
and took ib« oaihs o-t lord cbancellor, bouiff 
iuformtHl byOuorht.'I'^ Jidy Ithatbo inlended 
to Douiiiiut'.' 10 all bi-ii<!fict-B and prvbMida that 
werein iIk' gift of tbe cbaticelloT. This pie- 
Ifinsion King qnirtly, but firmly and Biicc«M- 
fully, rr*ictc<], noninK liLi mnjuty ■ would not 
put Ihinga out ot tb-ir unricnt r>->nnc,' and 
after »i>nie diiruwion tbe matliT dropped. 

Few cbanpell'jrj i-ver took tb«r aoat on 
th-! woolsack with greater n^putation than 
Ktii|-. and qnilt«<l it with loaa. An ailmir- 
Hbl« common lawyer, be was littl« vetoed in 
tfithiT the theory or ibo praciice of c<iuity: 
and though hfldiligmitlyniuliedabridnnenta 
and reporti, and cren'took private Tossons 
from emineut counid, be woji norcr able (o 

aciiuire a comprtent knowledjTn of tlii- law 
lit'lmil to udiui [lister. He vrod morbidly ilifli- 
di<[it.und inclined tod(TreTJud;^ent na liin{[ 
a« poMibh-, IhiiK fric«'ou»Iy a^ruvnliiif: the 
JilftlnriiiPs* of chancery pt>X'i?dun.>. Arr«ai8 
miillipliod flxorbilantly, and Kinji; was com- 
ppUrd to prolong bis litiings far into tlie 
night. Still the arrcan wri« not nvcrtaken, 
and t be decrees 1 bua tardily pronounced wur« 
onlvloo frvuuently revcraed by tbe Honan 
of Lords. During tbe laat few yeara of hia 
life be became so dTowsT and iiiatl entire that 
tlie suitors weru left almoM entirely at the 
mercy of tbe loodiiig counsel, tbe docrcM 





Iwing- usiiiillv Beltled by Attorney-Bcneral 
Yorke anil Soli<;itnr-f[en«nil Talbot, 

Nuvi'rtlieli^RB King' catablislied some iinpor- 
tnnt Ippiil priiicipU'-i, p. p. tliat tL wiil of Enp- 
lish UhJ, though mndt abroad, muAt be maije 
accordinu to tbo formal itiei of Enp'iifb law ; 
and that. wlK-re n biieband had a le^al title 
to hia wife's personal estate, a court of equity 
would not help bim to ' reduce it into pos- 
8i!Ssion' witliour compellinf; bim to settle a 
part of it n|Km ber, wbich clid wraetliinp to 
mitigate the barsliTiPSs of tlie old law. lie 
was tlie author of till! art which substituted 
Enelisb for Latin as the lanptiago of writs 
and simiiar documcniH, and alao of the sta- 
tute 12 Oeo. I, e. 'ii, which, by nMiuirintr 
masters in rbanoery to pay nil sums d('i>osited 
with Ibem in tbfir olbciii! capacity into the 
Bank of England as soon as received, rendered 
imposBible a n-currenco of tlie frauds perpe- 
trated during Lord Macclcsfield'a tenure of 
office. JXc is ebarp'd liy Wbiston, whom he 
bad olFended by refusini; to join bis Societvfor 
I'romotinf,' Primitive Cbristianity.witlibeing 
wholly guided by worlrliy considerations in 
dispi'nsing cbiireh patronage, and with jus- 
tifying snbscri[ition by unbelievers on the 
ground that 'wo must not lose our useful- 
ness for scruples' (WiiiSTOS, Memoir', pt. 1. 
pp. ii."), Ifi2). As a miniHter lie raadir no 
considerable figure, lie was an F.K.S., a 
friend of Newton and one of hia pall-bearers, 
a governor of ibe ' 'harterhouae, a member of 
tbe Society for the l'rc)pngation of the (5"s- 
pel in Foreiiru Parts and of a commission 
for tbe building of new cbnrchea. 

A pamlvtic niroke com|i(-lled King to re- 
sign the great I'l'al on 19 Nov. 1733. 11.' was 
olfered a pi^usion of 4,000/., or a capital sum 
of l'O.OCHU., and ehoflc the latter. He died 
on L'J ,Tuly 1 7-14 at his si'at at Ockhani, ami 
waa buried in th-i jiarisli church, where a 
splendid luonuiiient by HviibrHcti perpt uutos 
bis mi'mory. I.onI Hervey baa left a clever 
and ill-niiiored cbnracier, or perhaps rarlca- 
lure, of liim in his • Memoirs,' i. ^rM)-] ; an 
extra vaaaut jianog^-ric by the Duko of Whar- 
ton, wrilleu whilo be waa stiil lord cliief 
justice of the common plons, will be found 
in the 'True liriton,' Xo. xxxix. (Sei' also 
an absurd adulntory 'Littler to tbe Iligbt 
Ilonoumbie tbi' Lord Chief .lustiee King on 
his Lordship'a beiiii: dewgned a Peer,' Ijoo- 
dou, 171'"', 41o,) King married, in Sejileinbcr 
1704, Anne, ilau;j:hliT of llicbnrJ Seys of 
Boverton, (iliimorpanaliire. by whom he bod 
four sons — John, Peter, William, and Tho- 
mas — and two daughters. Each of his sons 
in turn Bucceeiled to the tilln. King's por- 
trait by Daniel de Coning, painted in li'IO, 
is in tie National Portrait Gallery. 

In 1702 Kin^ published a ' History- of the 
Apostles' Creed ; with Critical Obserwtions 
on its several Articles.' It was received 
more favourably abroad than at home, anil 
was highly nraised in Ifeniard's ' XouveltM 
de la l{f publique des Iiettres ' (Xovember 
and December 1702). A Latin trttnelatioii 
by fiottfriedOlearius was published, at Leip- 
zig in 1706, and reprinted at Basel in 1750. 
Later English editions appeared in 170S, 
1711, 1719, and 1737, Tliis, the first si- 
tempt to trace the evolution of the cre«], 
gave a (Treat impulse to reaearch, and deter- 
mined the main lines upon which it wast'i 
be conducted. Tbe creed, according to King, 
was originally a baptismal formula, whicb 
varied in different churches, and did not 
assume its present shape till four centiirif^ 
after the close of the apostolic age. Later 
writers ("see SchaFF, Crrtdtofthe Giffk nn<{ 
Latin Churehf*, p. Hi) have given 7oO as tbe 
approiimate date. John Simsnn, professor 
of divinity in Glasgow, accused of Arianism 
in 1737. tried to shelter himself behind mid>> 
words in King's ' History.' King made an 
reply to this misrepresentation of hia views, 
but was defended in a ' Vindication ' bv sn 
anonymous author in 1731. ,loseph Bing4iam 
in bis ' Antiquities 'frequently refers to King, 
and with invariable respect, though without 
. accepting all bis conclusions. 
I In 1712 and 1713 King published a second 
edition of his early ' Enquiry,' with a second 
' part treating of ceremonies and worsbip. 
! The book, though intended to promote the 
I comprehension of tbe dissenters, is impartial 
I and critical. A correspondence with Ed- 
mund Elys [(|. v.] upon liturgical forms, oc- 
I cnsioned by tbe first edition, is printi-d ia 
i Elys's 'Letters on several SnbjiTts' ( IG;>41. 
I In 1717 King was attacked by the anony- 
mous author of 'The Invalidity of the l>i»- 
' senting or Prfisbyterian Ordination,' and hy 
' William Sclater, a nonjuring clergyman, in 
' bis 'Original Draught of tbe Primitive 
I t.'huroh.' (.'harles Daubeny [t\. \?, in his 
' I'light Discourses, &c.,' 1^*04, declares, but 
I without justification, that King was liirawlf 
eonverled by this work. John "Wesley in 
^ 174G read tbe 'Enrjuiry,' and, in spite of his 
bigh church prejudices, admitted it to be au 
I ' impartial draught ' (Juurnat), It was re- 
printed in 1839 and 1843, with an abridgment 
i of .'^elater by way of antidote, and was not 
really superseded until the publication ia 
' 1881 of the Bampton lectures of Edwin 
Hatch Tq. t.J on 'The Organisation of the 
Early t^fliiistmn Churches. 

King was erroneously identified by Mo»- 

heim with a ' Mr. K ,' who defended the 

legend of the thundering legioiL in corre- 




ROD wiili Wallitf MoyI* [-i. v,] Thu 
'm1 Mtlior «ru a I^ondon clur^ituia Dam«)l 
Kidurd KiiLfC' 

Piuin^ bin ti'ovn of iha i^at *mI Ktni> 
kfi m diary cbirHy of aflain of uale, wbieG 
«*■ fhnli^d by hia ilmwiMlftiit, lite mvonih 
tuM. w an ippenilU lo lits ■ life of l/>ckr' 
W Kixa, Pgtht, NVeDlb I.nitP Kix<r. 
' Tb? rp|iOfta of Pww Willinnn, W. Ku- 
Ijnp, ami UoMtjr (Ui» tiro InttiT worlm of 
oiitliavity} Min(«in Kinyi deciHiami 
) loni dianeeUoT. 

[X*lM ui QnariM, ItC tr. xj. RT ; libit. 

K^Cteon. DUrr, 1734; Ch*af(fii'« Noutmm 

Ka. Ilitr.: lJit>([ tint.:'a 

Dmj. I'Blnvtivtrs LivM of Uib L^inl Cliun- 

t4kn; FtiHtLireiof Ibc Jntlguii \V«Ulij'« 

j-IJniU Knalxai Esfiliili Jndn*: Pari. UiiL 

Lti m. II6A; lAttratl'ii iMatioM «f Sule 

iU<<n ; B»>n»'* Colltcl. nl. Dol>)* (Oxf. III>t. 

'tM>. ii. 3-i: notr«irB SUtc Triabi. x*. IS( 

M Mt. 4I« ot UM| . 1132. ISia-ilOI. xii. TAT 

M «^- Lnril K4Tni4ad't Rc|>. rd. link. 13IB, 

, l«t, L«(il>' iwu. »iii. 3TT : O.lliii-'. P*i^ 
[mm «<■ Brj^dyu. vii. 113 : Bvrkc'a Petram. 
i*La*dani' BmiUt and Brilton'i Sntrey. iii. 
pUf(a»i) J. 3J. R. 

KKfO, PKTER, wrentl. Lnuii Kis«. 
IlilOXui'lh'Kil*M.Siirrn}'(i;7R l'^l-'{),b<mi 
31 Aii|. I77A, vn* ttUmt lom of Vt-tet, tho 
•iiUi baton, Inr Cbarloltc, ilnufihlt-r uf Kd- 
wnd TWrron (if llonbam, and n-an trfat- 
IMdMiii of I ^.ol-cbwioi-Uor Iv intf ; »pe K I su. 
nrRs,fir»l lj"«P Kisu'. Ik- mai iducnted 
U Elan and 'IVioilT CViIIl-^. Cotubnil^i!, btk] 
w wuiki l CO ibu tt'iluin ItiVk Ancrashun 
Mroiitheconuimiihari-iiimml (q Eiig^laad 
Ml mutiifc of ogu. auil muk Iiio *>-nt in tbo 
FI>i<i>r .if tjordt. Tnw to ilm wbiH Imdltionii 
'if kit rii»itv, bo actrd v^itb Liird lloll«ii<l 

,(n Koi, lfK:CIIT ItlCtf \HIi VtHt^ALI,], whow 
iii»l ii-n fur au iiujain- int» ttie canaca of tlio 
fiiluiw of 111" fXiie-ii'lioB to ibt- Low Coun- 
Irit'* III' HippurtifiJ in liiii nuiidva rpoecb, 
yj Ffb. iMJU. Hit haliit*. Iiowaver, wero 
»-'ini.-ubat TOcliuw, and oic«pl h> Opnoao a 
ft ' '■ -]i ;: ^r-i'^iukiu ]till,«rabil1 lo 
]i . ; . <Ti of rniib paTmcDtn by 

il. 1-. K.ihUiL-i and Iiplani}. bi«uii ia 

ITIT, lio at Ihnt rnrrlv intefrennl Ui deUilv. 
Of tl^'Ciirti'M^yilUMlboalioniadea iir>>f'>uad 
•iiKly, ihv fruit cif whicli was aeou in a 
IMUuiibln rotiiM'Tltoufflilaontbo Raalric- 
I ian of PayMii-Dta in Sjidctu at tlui ItaBka of 
EneUnd and It«Ian<],' Londoa, 1008, 8ro, 
:JikI ntix. Mnrli i>nlHrpil, ii wns nriMui-d as 
li ■, anfl wiu n-'prinlinl iu 'A 

>- \iii|c'i>povchaialMl n-rltiii)^, 

■' rtincuf. London, 1844, ^vn, 

1. iract King «at&i)ligli(Ml iW 

the ""pfillfl had cntiBtxl nn pxrcMivi! intnv 
of noto^partJcDlarlr liylhc Ilonkof IriUiuI. 
and a cooBeqncni dwpr<«iaiMin of the papor 
aail apurvciatiou of buUioB, and adrooatiid n 
gradual return lo Ibv ayKivm of specie ]«r- 
mnnl. It was rvrii-wiHl by Honi«r in lli» 
I ' I-idinbtirgfa l!i^vi«w' (ii. 4(12 rt 9«1.). and 
attnu^livl murh ntlcnlion, but pniducnl nn 
profticnl rtvult: nnd, tlin drprrciatioa in- 
cmuinK, King in \^l\ fCMV« bin li<a*vbald 
tWaiilrvQi^t ■■.■■.■ lliBt hri'iulil tiolon^i-ruccrpl 
BOlM in parrnvnt of rvnl,i.-\c>c!pl at udisconiil 
I'anriug acrainling to tbt- dali> of tb« Ivue. 
Minitt4Ta, abmneu leat hi« example sbould 
b' followrd ^nerallj, Laatily introducod a 
mc'iuuro tuakin^ notM of tho Hank* of Enjr- 
land and Irvlond payable on drmand Irfpil 
lender in payratac of root niit of murl, aiid 
probibitinif tlio accoptanco or payment <>f 
more tbaJi ^l>. for a guinea. Kuiv opposed 
tbo bill, and jn«tified hia own conduct in an 
abls and apiriied aeevCli (ufturward« ^iib- 
liabad in pawnbtet lortn) ; bnt it {uvtsfd into 
1aw,nnd ira* tnllow*! in tHIJ by n mr'niiun' 
Diakititi ibe notrs leenl tonilt-r in nil rmff* 
(rfal. ol <;i«. IILc. l27,.Wliro. llLc.W). 
KiuK *ru fnun lh<- linil, nnd nn Iniur na bo 
lived, a ilcteminod oppooiMit of toe earn 
lawa, irbioli be denounced m a 'job of Jobs.' 
Ilo aopporled catbolie «n«neipationand tbe 
commtitaiton of tilbtM, and oppcaed ffrwita 
in aid of Iho Society for ibe I^pacatioo of 
the OwinI in Foreign l*arts, plonlitioi util 
othnr abnf<«, and wa««u«p(«lM of a l*aniB|r 
topri'sbylirianiim (*e<' Utrrarrhut irmti An- 
arrAlnm, Arc, by .\ntt(cbiiiiialicaii, I»D<l»n. 
IS31, H\o, and .-I I^tttr fa ImfJ A'i'ujr rvn- 
trOTrrtlag IJir lentimmt* laMtf dtUrtrfi i'h 
Parliamenl *y Au LardMji, Air. O'lifUHfil, 
ojii/ Mr. Ji'A^i/, a» tt fAe /viir/'tid diririoit 
q^ TilAtf, by Jatnea TboDuu l^w, [^mdou, 
18.S2, Svu). A. e&rver of incrvsdlu^- distinc- 
tion wuH, liy Ilia fluddm dnalb, ciil abort 
on 4 Jiinr XSSS. King niaTTie<l, on W yimj 
iWt. Laily II««tor lotti.'ocn'. itangbb-r of 
IIhbIi, lirsl «ar) FnrtMcn^, by irliom hi- iiad 
(u'ilb two daugMm) )wi> mint — XVilliaai 
King, who waa crvntixl luii) of Lovela(« iu 
1836, and PMm- John Locke Kintr [q. v.^ 

Beaidea the traol on the currrncv. King 
pub]i«b»d: 1. A iiainphlel '(.hi tb« 1^)lldtlct 
of til" nriliJib (loroTsmeni lowarda lb< 
Catliolio of Ireland,' 1H)7. 3. 'Speoeb in 
tW ilvnaa of I^irdi nn tlui aacobd raadim 
of Karl SMnhopi!* Bill tisipoctinf OiiinMa 
and Bank Notes," 3. 'Tbo Life of John 
l.,<irkf, with irslractfl from bii CorrMpond- 
ence, Joumala. awl Ci>uunonpLace Booka,' 
I>indoD, 182^,410; lum edition, with COD- 
niderableadilitionii, 1830,3 voir. 8vT>: another 
in Itohn'a Standard Library. London, l^fiS. 





1 vol. 8vo. 4. 'A Short IJIiion- oftlic Job 
of Jntn,' mitteti in 18l'5, dni piiljlUbcd as 
«n nnti-comlnw jinmphlcl, London, 1>MU, 

[Tlip princiii'il ntilliorily i* \ Seli^iion from 
lliD Speoalis* mill Wrilio^ <^>f ih« l»ia Lnrl 
Kin* with n iliOTt inlroilinTtory Momoir by Eiirl 
l^'ortwcu". I.ouilnii, IHI-I, (Ivo, Sno nl*a (i«ui, 
W-g 1833. i<<- >>' P' ^'f- ltruti)[hiini'ii Ili9t»r>^»l 
SktfchNi of STnlcamDii who flounihgil in Ihs 
timo of (i¥>. I]l,.nd*er.pp. ITJetiEq.; Yoiige'l 
1a(v ft Lool Liiorpowl, III, 170; I*ril Coleliwi- 
Ur'i Itiary, toI. iii.; I'url. lliBt.nnd lliuimd; 
Hurnor'i Mrmoir*. ii. 02: CoUinii'ii iWngs 
(tt^]tJ|El^^], vii. 'J2S; BurkaV Pi'«rnf[C', ' LovoloM;' 
Ediabiirgh Ituiieir. L 1 bIso'i.) J. M. It. 

1fi»5), poiaiciuii. eecoud son vf P^C^r Kiiij^, 
tvT^lb bariia Kiiik [q. v.], an<l brtitlicT of 
Wiiliora Kinff-Nni'i, flr»t wrl of Lovitkup, 
■KKB born «I Ofkbnm, Siim«y, on 2!i Jun. 
181 L He ivQi MlucDtdd nt Ilnrmw nnd at 
Trinily (!olln([e, Ciimbrid(-c?, wbMv b« gn- 
AuaXM liA.. 1(U1, und M.A. \V^. In 1^37 
heuiuuccentriiltv ('util<.-til('d East Surn-j'.but 
vnu vliwied for tlint const itiieticj on II .lug. 
1BI7, and r*tninpil bis seat until the con- 
•ervAtive rvnctinn nt Ibn fcnnoni] alQClina in 
Febriinrj 1874. Ilr iiijiportod on ikltoration 
in t.liR Inw of primngi-niiuro for maiiyfiL-sjions. 
On ITi SInn'li li<"i>") bp iliilivi'nrd n spi'i-fb in 
-whicb hn showed i'm|)halienlly ' ihi: crying 
iiijintipe of ibi- Inw." (.Ill II Au(t- 1851 Ik 
piuni^d lb>> Itua) l'}iliite CIiHr(,'ve Aul,uce<inl- 
inft to whivb luurtgagwl i.'4talu« di-wonil wilb 
and bi'iir thuir own burdi-n^. tn ih* sewioti 
of lt*ljlS b'> XVM succcu«fiil in oblnining ibo 
rv-neul of 130 *li'npiiip ntnt.iilei wblrb worn 
liable to bn put in fnrco from liin<? Ii> limp. 
Ho nliui wngod war apniiuL tlu? iituliilu law 
con) mils ion. and murr? lliiiii oncndvnounCHdit 
as a job. Kinflinlroduced a biU fornholiBb- 
iiii{ the properly 'iiinli&Mtion of membma, 
wliii-b pa4>ed ill" lioii«i>of LonbonSSJune 
i%!i>*, and in itiiiht miRCi^iuivft Muioos lie 
brought fom-iird lUn rnunty fmnchito bill, 
on niii! occiuion, '20 I'nb. 1851. dpfcntinit nnd 
ouuiinjrlbc rcJiijifuulioti ul* ibo Kiibm.-)! minis- 
try. Ill) tuc«U]di>d in cnrrvinf; tbr<)u;;h the 
House of Oommon* m bill for (ixt«iidiiif( the 
10^ ^nehUe to thn c»iint.y conniituoiiciea, 
B(i n» ti iiicliidfi nvnry adult mitli< who oainit 
wilbiiithi'Conditioniof ihRbnrciuiihiinirmgn. 
He wM olio well linown for bi» advococj of 
iho bnllol and of thu abolition of church 
mtRJ.ond for bis Btriiniiou,* oppoflilinn to tho 

{irinmplo and praciico alike of endunmiinu 
or ivliKioiu piirpoMi^. Ho diod at Itrook- 
lundH, Wsybncttfc. on 12 Nov. 1885. lie 
marriod, on 22 Aiiireh 1 S3I5, I^uina ICIIxabetb, 

OroT<?, Siirray. 8bediodinl6S4,1n«TiQj[*i I 
sons and four daughlcra. 

King «-as the author i>f: 1. 'Injuiitintf 
t h« [aw or8iKu>e(uiun t<i 1 be llml I*roprftj if 
IntimlittM.'18S4i Srdfdit. ItH-V). 2. 'S|«<lt 
on tli« Lawfi r«ilsttoi.' lo tb" Propariv 'itlii- 
tiulntOJi,' lA Maroh ll>V>. 3. ■S|>e>'c(M>nllii 
Lawn relating In tho l*ropu«rty of lcil»!aln 
in (luj llnutL' of Common*,' 17 Fob. Ijs'O. 
4. * Spevcb on the Iaw relating to the Rtal 
Estutfii of Inttvtali!*,' 14 July IW. Four j 
loiters wbii'h Kiiig n*r»lv to ibc ' Tim«' in 
lS5fi on *Chauo«r}' Kuform' arv rt^Il^intfd la 
'A Blenk H»iieo' Narrative of Iteul Life,' 

lasa, pp. As-oit. 

[Hnnntrl. 1 S 1 9, eiil. 88 ot *cq. ; SlatMnmitf 
Eupliinl. IMtl'l. Na, 46, with |iortniit ; Dt»ia|t- 
ni'iiii Porlrnit Giill.irj. 3n>l tor. 1960, irith |iar- 
iruil; t'i)(il«r'» Pucnige; Tildw, U Not. IWi. 

p- a.] Q. c. a 

KINO, rnn.ip oidley {i7{B-i8oa>, 

first niivornor of Norf ilk Inland and jpjwfww 
of Jivw Soulb ^V'oIm, wan Imni S3 -^pnli 
I'Mul Lauiicesinn in Cimiwall, wbi-nr ijji 
fHtlii>r,Pbiliii King, wosa draper; biimothi 
wa* a dsaglitor of John Oidley. altomtT 
of Kxotiir. lie was «ducsi«d ni Yarmoni' 
by a Mr. Bnilpy. but went to Ma at the 
oflwelvi- u,£ n midibipmnn in th« Swalloir 
fri^it<^. ruptiiinSbirltiy, iindfMTKl BTeyain 
in (be Ku^t IndiiTi, njtnming 10 Rngtalid 
■with much knowlMgo of hi« biuHDOuaai 
some scqiiaintance witbtbe world*) Pnli.ut', 
Vuifoi/r). lu liTo ho went lo Vifuininwilh 
Cnptnin Hellew in tb» Liverpool, llii phip, 
nftiT Hnpine some »t>rvioe, was wrecknl in 
Dclawaft' liny, wh<>rcupon King eninnl rm 
board thu I'* Iloyal, Oclo&r 177". He 
nils protuolud to the Ilonown, with ibo rank , 
of lieutuuBnt, i'(} Nov. following. In 1779 J 
be agiilu ivtumrd home, nud for four yoaraV 
oervod in Ibu Channel on board ibo Kile 
cuttft and Ariadne frigate. He wn« awi>- 
ciated as liuuttnnnt with Captain Phillip of 
the Hurope in 17)^1, and this ollIcK'r** higli 
ap]>recialion of hi* qualities — bis nu^rit n« m 
seaman and pemoverunce — led to bis weirt:- I 
tion of King (2<i Oct. 17S8) fcr lh<» posi of | 
second lieulunant on bli own ship, theKiriua, 
when h» comiiiandt'd the famous ■ Fir>l 
t'leKt' nhirh saih-d for Autilralia on 13 May 
1 7K7, and nt Uoljvny ll*y in January 
\''riii. Immediately alYer bis lauding Pbilliu 
appointed King cnmniandant of Norfolk 
Island. King set sail Iblthir on 14 1-Vb. 17S8. 
taking with him only n petty olGcnr, a sur- 
geon's male, iwo marines, two men who went 
Biipposwi to understAnd the culliralion of 
Aai, and nine male and sis female convicts, 
foi tho purpose of si'tlliug iLe istond as a 




teucbcoloDf. At that time Norfolk Island 
rVM eovond witli ccrub, onil lo convvrl it 
iHtOB Marco of •umiIt for flax for ibi- navy 
t(«Bhj m deKTlo U)u1uimi'(,'uvunim«ii1, liut 
■ntr naliMdl, uni to farm |]:Hr>l<-n« and 
. ohiTMcd fiehb, wm &•> m«t tH«li wiih iho 
■nlllbfiWMKiiig'acoiiinMDd. Intwoyiuni, 
NTtr. hf naBttftging onor^, li« had «ama 
f ur<m ot Uail undi-r mi I ti vat ion, ui<j the 
■UttoD lixl riwD to 1 18, bniilua iU« eigli ty 
nbelon^Djilnthe^iriiu. I!iinl>itie«wen) 
iiitiiiM ; bo n-aa at oci^a ma^UtrHt^ and 
tliplaia, brmer and g(iT«rBor of emivicta. 
TtuJOsh ue was oUigvcl to bave recouree to t)»t 
liA,n« was not undiUf fwvpni, and nnvt-T 
ahwd Lis alnoat autocratic powcn : Indi-vd 
StJowph Dnnkn found fault with hi* too 
iwt]! (UinntirT itcttcrto King. IWl: BiR- 
•aa, i SW). In Maidi 171KJ l» left Norfolk 
Lknd tot ^ydniij Core, whence hi> was wnt 
ia April with detpitthM from Phillip to the 
|DT«rain<nl. He mIIikI l>y vray of Rninviu, I 
•fcw li» embarked on a smnJl viaswl of Ihc i 
Ihilih Kaat India Oimpanr. ThL> captain | 
MilKon nf the crew f«ll 111 with ft-ver con- ' 
tiKtrd at llnlaTia, and Kiiij( had to iiavi- ' 
CM« thi? ahip with a crvw of uiilv fuur A«und 
Biw, Si'vi-nipon of ihp Cfvw dieil bpfop- they 
■uilo Mauritius, and it w*« tint till cieht 
nimih* af I vr Iva V i Dg A tiet ralia that he niacbml 
%I»nd rOwembec ITflO). Phillip liwl nr. | 
Mumwniltid him fi>r pmntolion to tbe rank ; 
ttxauue and oomtaandiT in a li-lt«T to tbe 
Mcrrtary of otntn, lO July I't^tt, na *a very 
itaidT oAiotr ' wlto was doini; good work in 
a diSifull situation (lA. i. '■S^J); and on liia 
irriTal in Loivlon with his dMpnIohM be 
nai informed that ibi^ government bod al- 
n-ailr appounled him lieuienant-govsmor of 
Norfolk Ulttiid wiib ail allowanc* cfSMi. a 
TMT (coOLDuMion daUid :!r< Jan. 17IH>: let- 
Mr from I^nl GranvilU, 1 I-Vb. ITUO; 1U»- 
>*, L 194, USa). Ill' obtained (hf rank of 
nmandcr in March I7D1. Af^i-r ^vitig 
» IfnverBtneDt every inftimialion in hispni- 
■enMOn Oa the coudit Ion. |>nMjii?ct>i, and ]ir«- 
MDt necon^ea of the now coloniv* at Svd- 
n«y Cove and Norfolk Inland, King eaifed, 
ir> March 1701, with hi*n-ifi-, Anna Joappha 
( '•v>nilM-< of itcdford, whom hn liiid r^pi'iiily 
aarrmi, on board the tloriron, Cupinin Par- 
>^, and arrived at I'ort Jackion I'l Sept. 
fthe t-oyage ii deicrilied by Mrii. I'nrkcr, 
r'o j w y e, &e., London, 17tiril ; and ivu 241 Oct. 
be dep«rte<l Gir Norfolk Island, where he 
remaiavd al hi« poAl till hn wn« nppi>irit>!ii 
goremor of New :^nth Wain, 2r< Sept. I SOO. 
Ilo frtirodftn I J Au|[, l«)6,rnltimodtolCn(t- 
luul, aail difd al 'tnnting, Surrrv, .I Si-pt. 
lOtW. Ilia ton. ItMu^admiral Philip I'aiker 
Kine, ia noiked aeparatvly. 

[Voyage cf Governor Phillij^ to Botnoy Bay, 
1TH9, mih a portruli of hing (ncion p. 95, 
Jni»u by J. Wriiiht. 1789, nod«ugni¥ril by W. 
Skeliou ; John liuuier's Uiitarical Journal of 
lh« Traiitsrl iunH at Pnrt Jtick«un and Norfcitk 
IsUnd. ii93, TOiitainiiiK KiiieVJauruul n com- 
mandant at Norfolk liilanO, \'6A~iO. and an 
aMonnt of hi« rojagn boniF, at pp. 2B7~4(8; 
0. B. Itanoa'a tliitor^of NtirSoalh Wolotfivm 
Ibe Beronb. vol. i. 1S8S; Hwlon'i Anttralian 
Diet of DntM, I87S- A maDDMript j'onraal by 
Kt«vi, !« in tha poMwatton of tlia tieo. P. Q. Kloc, 
M.L.C. of New Sonth Wulra.] 8. L.'F. 

KINO. PHILIP PARKKR(179a-ie50), 
rear-admiral, bom at Norfolk Klnnd 13 Dec. 
1703, was «ou of C'-aplain Philip (iidlr^y King 
[(]. V.J He entered the navy in Noininhcr 
ln07, on hoard the IJinuu friEnli.- : and after 
•ix ycnrJ of aetirn acrvicoin ilie Itay of Bi»* 
o»y, the Nurtb Sen, and the Medilt-rranean, 
was pronioli'd liv Sir PMwanl Ptdtew to bp 
heutviiani of Jbe'Tri'lenr, )•>* Feb, ISU. In 
the beginning of 1817 he wn* njipoinled to 
conduct a siirv*y of thu oiii« o( AnHralin, 
and iTAsteni nut, a piiutrntier in a tranf^pnrt, 
tolnkecomniMiidof ih<T Mermaid, a culter of 
eiitUty-fourtoiu. with a I'ouipK-inoul of djili* 
tn>n ollieen and men. He umvL'd in Port 
Jackson in September 1617, and fur the nest 
five j-uara in* engaged, almo»t without in- 
temiiwion.onlhewnrkofthoMirvi-y. During 
thnt lime he examined and deliiicoted the 
greater part of the weft, nortli, and north- 
ea«t coMt*, and laid down a nnw route from 
Sydnny to TorrM Strait, inside iIm I{nrri«« 
Uviit III Divrmber ll^ th« Mermaid wan 
found to be no lonfrcr ■eawortliy, nud KinK 
WHS tmnafarrKl to a newly puruliUBt'd ship, 
whicli waa rvnameil llie Itntliun^t. This waa 
about double lhe*isoi>r Lht< Mermaid, and 
carrying twice the numbt^r of inrn, but tlie 
work on which abo fn* cmployrd wu vwcnti- 
ullylbcaame. KinfiwasnninioCi'd totliomnk 
of commander. 17 July l8Jl, but i^onliaiicd 
the BurT«y till lh<? April of \b:i2. In Si-p- 
lember llur Rulbiint iaihA f>ir Enulnnd, 
where she arrived in April IS^D.und during 
tbe next two year* Kinir was •veupie'l with 
ibn narraltve and the chnrlii of biH mrvey. 
The chart! wrrp pnhlialml by the hydro- 
gnphic olHco, and form the liiuii of ihoiie 
now in uaL-: the 'Nnmitive nf ilm Survey 
of the Inlertrupical and \Ve>teTn C'uosla of 
AiiMraliii' {i vols. 8i'<i) van piiUi&h>-<) ia 
1^7. Meantime, on Hi l-'eh. \h2*. King 
wna elrclfd n fellow of tbe llnynl Socirtr; 
and in .September lrt2-l waa npj>i>inled to thi- 
,\dveinuiv, with iiHtfucfiona to undertake 
the Siirrpv of • the »ourhi-ni conit of South 
America Irom the ICio Plula round to L'biloe, 


aud of Tinmt Ao\ i^iego.' In tliis service tli« 
Ailfontiim wnf ncRompHnmd l>y tlin Beael^i 

ooimnnniled liy Cnplniii Stokw, nnd uftcrtlic 
nnil during ilia four jrenra lS2tl-30 tlir work 
nn uxoclDeaa wrliioli (idtalili»b«l tint ropula- 
tione of bolll Kiti^ luid Filiray i>i tliv \vr\ 
flnt nak of lij'drogrujihen. King wtvs ad- 
vanced to ^)08t-Tank on 35 Feb. IsSo, nnd in 
(ho following Xi>v<ini1inr tin* two fJiipn n>- 
tunwd la England. In April and Mut 1631 
Kin^r^^d iKiitii) iirooiint. cil Ibc rcsiillii oflui 
Tajrnj^c boforw llic' Kovul Ooographicul So- 
cii)ty,and in ihc rftUnwmf; vMr lie nuWinlii-d 
A TOliuno of 'Sailing Uin-i'tiutistollieCoLutH 
of Ea«Ieni and ^VI.■^tt•m Pntugonin, iriclnd- 
ing ihe Struil* of Msgull'uuii and tlio Sea- 
Coa*t of Tierro del I''iicgo,' In I^Wi) n nuiro 
popiilai' nceoiml of liiii nni! l''iiiroj"'ii voynKn 
yea* publiilii-d in th<? &M \-i>\amv of ihr 
' Voyage* of the AdvMimrc; nnd IIcmirU-,' 
edited by Cnjitiiiii Filxroy. Kiuj; bud no 
farther *ervic« in lliu navy, but nitumin); 
to Xew SouiIj Wnle*. swlK'il in Sydm-v and 
cnt«rod busily into the nllnir* 'rf tli^ ciilou)' ; 
lie was tot moDv soan mnnagor of the An#- 
tmlinn Agricullunil 8(wicly, nnd ii mcnilinr 
of thi' lecisbtivu coUJiril. In WeptrraljrT 
IHou hi- btcnnit' renr-ndmirnl im tliu la- 
tind list. Ili-difdin I'olirmtrr IWifl, learine 
n widow luid n Inrge family, flo hndmarriod 
in lf*!7 Hnrrii't. daugbli-T of Chnilupli«r 
Lethbrid^-e of Mudfurd, l.aunceilon, Corn- 


LM:Lr)>liHli'i- Roy. Nav. Blog. z. (vol. iii. pt. 
ii.) 300; O'ltyrae^ Kar. Bioe. Diet.; Otot. 
Hag. I8AC, no* wr. i. 'tis; amXou't .Aiutn- 
litn I>iiH. ! nnd King'a world montiniia] in the 
U»L] J. K. L. 

KINO, StK RICIIAKD. th^ older (17-^0- 
1800), admiral, son nf ('nriis Kitif:. tniieler 
iAtbaiUTV, UldalVpm'iinIs nin^li'r-H'.ti'ndxiit 
at Woolwich, nnd of Ilia wifi' Mtiry, sisliTof 
Conunoilori.' I'linii iknieli [<l.v.], wnn born 
alffM]N)rl im IO.Vur, ITSIi. Ili^pntnn'd thn 
navy in 1738(111 bnnrdlhi; llerwiek, »f whicli 
liig fntlier wus uiiutcr, but wan aborlly nttei- 
vrards moved iiiiu the Dragon, ihva oom- 
maudodbv lii>^ illicit-, whom ne accompanied 
to tli« &I«dit«rran<«H and to tbe EmI Indies, 
whera hn vnw promoted lo be lieutenant. 
1 Fnh. 174.1-ft. In 17.S4 ho ncnin went In tlii' 
I'Inst Indin m liruli-iirvnt of thii TiHu-r, from 
wliii-b h<> wan moved into the iln(pilii]i by the 
commmidL-r-iu-cliiuf, Itenr-mlinirul ClinrU-f 
Wnt4i>n [n. v.\ liimierlv a lieiilcniinl of the 
Bwwick, On S3 July I'M be whs pri'moled 
to be cnmniaiider <if the Blaxe fln'gbip, and 
in the followinf! January romniuiided ilie 


bonis Hnd ibe Unilina panr at tlie capmnt 
of ('a lent In nnd Iloogly- lie wa6 llmimt 
home with drxpn trim. and wn« iiuisnlial'il]' 
orJeciKl to the Wnt Indim in the ItonMU 
sluup, front which lie wiu piutrd, hy Vaa- 
modoi« Moore, to llie Itye frignli-, 29 Ju. 
liAfl. Ill Mny be was moved to (be Luilluv 
CnMle nnd aent liuiue with ctiiiTdy. InJauu- 
nrv I7G(I he waa appoinlod (o the Arxo> in 
which ha CTuiMd with aomo aimeaa m ihr 
coMl of KrnncjT and in the North Sea. U 
17<12 Im carrind out General Draper lo tku 
Eaal Indies ! took part in tlio expc^lition lo 
Manila [see DlU1-EB,^IBWiu.IAX;t'iiH.MMI, 

SiK SAUtTEx], and wiib Captain Ilvde raikn 
{IT13-17e?l} ^|. v.] aMtatwl in tbe capture 
ofanexlrnonlinarily rich ^leoii, Ilia pnwoal 
thlTP in ihp prixe-mi>n<-y amiiiinliti}|! lo up- 
nnrd* of 30,0110/. In llie tollowini^ vear hi- n- 
lunied 1(1 ICnjiliiml in command ol'ihe lir»f- 
ton. In the SpnninU armainenl of 1770 King 
cumniiuiuQudtlie Norlbiiiulierland: from bet 
lie vi'BA niuved tu (be .\rdi-nl, and aflerwanJa 
to the .\4ia, which h« cointuanded fur tlirra 
y«iint,a]in^''uaTd«bip. In January 1778 li«wat 
appointed In the Monmouth, waa w»ii after- 
wards tmnsfern-dln tliel*alhu,and,in Janii> 
ary 1779, to the Enefr tif 84 gtint, in which 
ho went out (o the Katt Indies with Sir 
Edward Hughes [q. v.] On Hrriving nn ibe 
elation be itaa nrd<NVd to wear a broad j>en- 
nant as anMlablished cumiuodorv aoil Mcund 
InmmmBnd. In iheaclionolTSadma.lTFvb. 
178^, theExetr^ wa» therearmiMtaliijxif the 
English line, aiidwa* for tome time in KtvabJ 
diiiigiT of being ororpowm'd, lhi> French aiA-\ 
mitnl haling ably conntnttatrd hii attack on] 
(be Ennliah rrar. t^bo woi alm<wi crntimljj 
dimiiiutcd, had rweived neveral i>hot ttaAv% 
water, bad li'n men killed and for(T-*evc 
wuimded. Tbi- dag-caplain, Iteyn«lda, vral 
killed, and liis brains went dn^be'l in Kinff'a 
fnce, Wmponirily blinding him, jiihi a« lii* 
niaHter,«eeingyi>t anotheri>iictny>.Kbip bnr* 
ing down on thran, nikwl * What man to b* 
done?" Wiping hi.i fnce with his handkvr- 
chief, King iiniwered, 'There i^ nothing to be 
doni- but I') lit;ht ber till abe finks,' A Inckv 
ahil\ ufwind,liowi^ver,enabtedlli<<vaulotacic 
totlienB»i»t«nceoribeivar,whi'n tlwFrencl 
retiml. In (he olb«r four actions b>>lm'ev| 
Ila^bna mid SiilFn^n, the Kxetaf nli^rad 
dijttingui'Ui'd jmrt. though not aMch an m 
O'lilioiinl one tu in the lirat, and on the uk-' 
Hdgv home bad to be condemned ut llie Cape 
of Oni-d Ilojie an no longr^r aeawortliy. UnH 
arriving in Fn^'lHud Kili(i: wu knighti'd. I 
He wa" proniolcd lo be mj^dmiral 'i\ Sw]"!, 
1787, wu» comnnnder-in-cliief in thi" I)own» 
in liflO, nnd had a Juninr commnnd in the 
fleet at t^piihead in 1781. In 17112 he was 



crrat^I k Inmnirl, and appointed gmMttor 
■n<l cuninancUi^iii-clilRf at New-foundland. 
ll<- biicame m vici--Bdmiml on I Feb. irsS, 
Bii'l rrtiirtiiu)' 10 Enfilu'id vaa civctnl M.P. 
r»r liochnitirr. la JWcmlwr 17'M \tv nu 
B|<|>.nilted comMa&dpr-in-cliJi'f at Pljliioillli, 
and vi-as aiUniiMi) to l)u- rank of nduiiml 
imlJniie IT'.'.'a U.. di."d ; Nor. !«<». Il» 
nurriwl Siuannoli Mar)ian>iln, ilnii^litor of 
William Cnkirr of Maii|Mwdur, Uoro^i, mid 
Irft, bcHiUs llirr« daualitcn, a bod, Uivbunl 
(1774 IKUl jq. v-l. wbo riccmhIhI Io ihi- 
liarunHcir. IfU ponrail bv Sir William 
Brvchej i> in tlie |-usM-Mi<)ii of llii' family. 

(Chnroorl'ii llio«. N»r. rl. 309; Ralro'4 N^rat 
Blog. i. 'il&: IttHivin'x N.1T. hikIMiI. Uenioin; 
Ufaptali«r 1 ilitCoin <tv U Unriue rr*D9u>o(i>i. 
I.): ConuiinaD and Witmnt fioaka in the Pali- ' 
Jiv ItfconldAc*.] J. K. L. 

KINO. mCIlAIU) (1718-ieiO). divin.., 
om on M Nov. I7tt<, vma sou of Ui-nry 
Einii of St. Aa^iiiiiof, Itrutol. llv wiu 
JtuittrJ wliolar •^( Wiacbrnter in I7lU 
(Kiiiar, Wintkf»ur A'nto/4m,p.3A9}, mntri- 
culot'*! BE (lifunl fmni (^iirm'a CoII^ko "n 
A \ynl 17<>7.nnd «ii» uIo-IimI fellow o( Ni-iv 
Colfi-se in 17<W, fp-dd Haling It.A. in 177:;, 
and MA. in I77U (FbariiK, Aluiimi Oiim. 
ITI^IS'M}, ii. 7!")). In 17;^^ liu rpiiguiil his 
Mlow^hi|i, rvo^iviMi; tliv mIU'^- livin^r of 
Vurtliee, 8liro[Mliir«, and ^•l<!•-{1l'J Murdpu, 
*U)ibndip>fliin'. iloilivd at, the Utivr placid 
I aOUct. 18101 6V>i/. iUwp. vol. \\\x. pt. ii. 

Ki»((WKrt»: 1. 'A T>ii>roiin>c on the In- 
piralioa of (li<^ Scripiiim,' i*io. I.»ii<lon, 
bW. 'i.'VxmvAatfa Ilw Allinnccbi'ln'cn'ii 
Church and Siatc^ uul on Uie Tvil Lnv>,' 
f^ro, Laodan, 1807. S. 'BroUm Al<ntiiiin's ^ 
Annr«rtaPeIifrPlyBilc)r'i,u.totlie"lieiirn | 
on ibeastijcrt "f tlit^CntliolicH to tnybroiUtr 
AlimlitBa, wlio Iivm in ilii» Cuunirf," bv 
STdn*^ Smith'. . .inlvrolrf^ttfrre; towliicli ' 
i* piriThxHla -INutliinieiou*'* Pr*faco,'S»o, 
LondiHi. 1H06. 

Oa 17AuK.17R^l)nniarriedFmneriiEliu> 
brtb, ibird d&ugbicr of Sir Francia Uvrnurd, 
(mmti, [q. t.] 

Ilia wife, Fuiitcm Eliubbth Kixu, wum 
banioa:!.^JiiU17>'>7. Aft«rlh«diutliof li«r 
btubaiHl ikli* ruiidn) nt rii)i««bMiI, Durham, 
«o M to Ik tmtit {yet tu'n niarritHJ daii|;b(ifr#. 
knJ died tbi-Ron :;3 Uee. 1K?I < r,Vn/. jtfiy. 
vol. \e<,t. pi. i. p.SKI). An tnlimnif^ fni>iid of 
Uuniali Jilorv, »hi-«itul>liili('d untlrr lii-rK'iid- 
WkM •orietiw for vwitiiiji tin- Bifk i"ii>r and 
■dioolfl for tli«irclii1dr-!n. To ihc ' Itt-poitii' 
immA tv llwi.'vK'ieiyfMr ni^tCi.Tin)(lLii- (''.». 
<£tMiao/tlMi Poor, niidov ilie mlitorsUiuof li>^ 
brotlier, Sir TlivnLu l(cTnnrd[({.v.].sbe cou- ' 

lributi>d niAiij pajH-rB. ll>>r otlier wtiltngH 
are; 1. 'A Tour in Franci',' Vlmn, London, 
1S03. S. 'Tlu< tlrnrtirinl KllVcIt of ibe 
Chrialiui TRmwr c.u Dnnutlii! Llniipint-sa,' 
^nd edit. Bvo. London, 16U7 ; IStb cdU. 1 Atfi. 
3. 'FtMiule Scripture Clisnict«n; i!xeinpli<- 
iyvag F«uibI(- VirtuvB,' ll'iuu, London, 16)3; 
Itilb edit. lUiil', to nbidi h«T punniil,en- 
jfMVi'd bv Scrivon HftifT Uniting', is preuud. 
1. 'Tbi> itoclor'a MoinnRindiim iiook, bviuE 
Memoir* of a Family in thf North' fnnon.J, 
l:Inio, London, li'U\and l»|l)i. iW por- 
trait wM bUd ungravi'd by Wuubiotb. 

[Uifflolr prallxwl to Ur*. KinK** Fntiato 
Scriplnra Cbanictcrii, 3rd «lit. ; Knuu'a Cnt. of 
KDKraT«d Poitmiti^ ii. 2SI.] G. 0. 

KINO, SiB RICIIAICD, tlio toiid^ 
(l"74-le34),Tii»-adaiirfll,t)orn in ].74,wu 
only tonof .\dinirnt Sir Uidinnl Kingfq.T.] 
i\v irnli^rrd the navy in 17N!^ on bonrd tbo 
Crown tn tbc Eoni InOiiu with Comniodont 
(oJtenrards Sir William) Ccninallis [q. v.1, 
by vrboni be wa« mailit liuuli^RHiiC in IiOl, 
cummaiid'^ in I7!>3, niid csplain in 1704. 
On tiU Ti-turii Io Eiii^lntid bi wna nppointcid 
in NoTvmb^r 17tU to llic Aumrn for c-niia- 
ing nrriri' in thi- (.'liiinni!!. Uurins llio con- 
t iniianri? of tlii.> nur Ik- commaadi^d dillV-'runt 
nhipa wilh credit in ilif Channel and the 
North St!u. In April IttUI Li- wai n]ipoilit«d 
tolbH AcliillAofi'ltiuiw.iii wbicb.on Jl Oct. 
IrtOtkhe took pan in the bnlilcof I'mfslgar. 
Onih«d(«tbof hilt father in NoTember ItHW, 
King euecwdcd to th<i bnronplcy, but con- 
liniuid in the Acliill«-, miptovoil on iho WMt 
coa«t of France or Sjiain lilt lt)l), wbcn bo 
wot oppnintod fnpluin of the Heel to Sir 
(Tlutrlvs (^tt«n Iq. V.'! in the Medilerniuffin 
uiid Dnrm'nrds in ilietliiuinel. 1K< mis pro- 
moted l<i be n.-a[Midniiral on 1^ Au^'. Ibl2, 
aixl for the trtst of tbt^ wnr hod hi» llo^ in the 
Sau JoBef, ill 'be M><ilit>'rnin>.'Hii. ns tei'ond in 
conunand toSirl'Vlwnnl IVlbiw |_q. v.], aflcr- 
n-ardsViiirouiit ICxmoulb. llcwasnoininnlrd 
H K.t'.II. '1 .Inn. iKl.'i, mw dMnmnndrr- in- 
chief in the V.uM lndi« from iKlH to li^L'U, 
and Ix^ntne a vice-itdmirBl <>d H' .liity li^L'l. 
lit July 163S lie wu a]>jH)iiited cr>niniund.^r- 
iii-cbiiA' at th« Nurv. and dieil at .\duiirulty 
House, SheenieM,un.'>Ati)f. I''-^. King whs 
Iwici* marriwt, lir^t. in INIIH, to Snriili .\nno, 
only daugh tor of Sir Ji^n'lltomai 111 irk worth 
'I), v.1; encondly, in U aria Susanna, 
^iiUi[rit4<rof SirCbarlniC'uIion,un>lli.-ftiMiie 
by both wiTM. His seeund Mm by tlie fint 
marriage. Admiral Silt (iBOBSIt Sr. VlSCKBTT 
l>i-fKWoRTii Kisii, K.C.U. (rf. ISni), tncr- 
oeeded to Ilic b«r»n''Tcy on tlw death of liis 
I'Uler Lfotlior in IH47. was captain of iba 
l.Daniler, and sftrTirardi of tbo Itodncy, in 

tha Blnrk Svn durint; tIui Itu^nn war in 
18ftl-5, nii'i YTJi si-cond in i-ommnnd of the 
nnvtl brigade nt lUu aU-go of SebnstopoL 
He becaiiR' u rtar'adminil iu l^'t.t. wii& cuiii' 
m&nder-ia-cbiuf in Cbina from iHU^t to ItSTIT. 
WW inad» vice-adoiintl in l$ii7, uiid sdniinil 
in 1876. J(o died on 18 Aug. 1601. 

pianlmir* Itofa) Kiiv. Biog. rol. i. pt. )L 
, £14 : Riilfu'i Nikv. Itiou- ill- 126 1 O'llvrau'* 


ttr. Blou l>ii't, (», 11. "King, (Jwripi Si. Viii- 
o«n(')i Uaitcd Sririiv .tourmit. 18;il. iii. S31 ; 

■w kUo FiMtoc'i ItikKinebigii.] 

J. H. L. 

tlNO, l{l('n.\lt1>(1811.s-ls:0\ nrclie 

___V61Ut null I'lliiioliigiel, wiu biim about 
1811, and fducnii-i! iit (iuj'n mid Si. Tlio- 
mru'H llupipirals. lie bccuiDu on 
211 June, L.H.A. IU \ue. lf*3i', nml ubtuiiied 
iu tbe ftillow'iiiL,' yeiir lli« lioiiorurr di'gree of 
M.n, of Xi?w Viifk. 11^ wne tiiW'fjiiently 
wado ti mrtnlMT of tlm caiin of n^iiiiniiMra 
of tlip ApoihwnriiV Siicinlv in Iriindnn. 
ShorllyiiOtT <|Uftlifvin(f ns u mi-dicai man bi? 
ubtuitiL-d lliir poal uf aurf^oti und nitlurulial 
iu tll(>f.'^p<.-<litlul1 li^d bjCnptuiti (afterwud* 
Sir) (ii.''.>ri;.- Itiiok [q, v.] tn llie moiilh of ihe 
On'ftt l'i*(i Itivor Shwcoii 1.S33 mid 183fl, in 
^nrrb iif Ciiplnin lEos*. Hi- look npniniini'nt 
part in llic nxpodition, und lie in tn'i|Uonily 
(nontionc'd in ifnck'» •Niirrnlivi-' (li'iai, iq 
wbich bo coiitnbiiitcl bolnnicul and mcti-oro- 
lofricDl npptndief*. lln lubsoquMitly |mb* 
linlii^d nn independent lu'tviiiiil uf the i'X|ii'- 
ditioii. irtitillr^i! ' Narrulivr uf u Juiinwy to 
tbu Sboiv of tlia AroliL' Uei^au under com- 
inuiiil of C'nptuiii itnch.' i vols. 8vi>, t>-^ti;, in 
whicli be look n lunfv «iiii)(iiinf'vii'«-ihiinbii> 
conini.iiKl.T fif t.lifl value of ibo Cimnt I'"i»h 
Ilivrr lit a hntln for futnrr urvtic oxploration. 
On 20 Jnly 1(Ml' Kiu^ juulkI the pniBpeoim 

wbicb [iriginalwl ibu Klhiiuloc'loiU SooiMy. 

Hu pubristii-d nil addrt-ai lo tbo 0oci«(y, of 
wliicli bo Dtnii ihv flr*t seftclory, in )M4, 
and whm Ixitli it and il« unnwuior, tltn An- 
tliropoloKicnl Soci«ty, were in IHiO WPrRi^ 
in itio Antbnipolojficul Iiulituli- of (irvnt 
Britain, K 1 11^ bt'cnuK.' u lui'uibvrof tbi* council 
of till* in»iilul>>. Ilo wa) aliKi a muuibrrof 
tiip gfiicrnl council of lUo liritish Amoci*- 
lion. Wlion in ISI.'i Thn ndmirnllr propoMid 
the Fmnklia i'\pi'dilinn, Kinc wrrolc rory 
utiflUfrly lo l.^rd l*i-rby, ibi'n colonial Kccnf* 
tory, rccomtiii-iidin);, in livu uf tli« polar wa 
joiinii'T, a polar land juurnvy by llie Orvat 
Fieli Itiif r, un<l prolFerMm his NrrioM. Tbi> 
ndniinillv lenl a cold «ar both to ihi* project 
and to ilio*n irliieh Kinj; would luvi- vub- 
■tttulRl for thn mi-uiirr^ projioanl fur Uw 
relivf of Franklin in ISIl^ King waa, Lovr- 
9vet, ill IMO appointed HNstant-sursvon to 
iKoMluto, ia tlM Mjwdilion Mnt out to 

srareb for I'mnklin undvr CaptuB Uunr 
Austin, und in 1K37 bo rowivird llii- antic 
mi!dul for bis scniccft In 185& lie ilr«v n; 
n summary of hti corruf onil«iic<t with iboi<i* 
miralty ou tbe Bubj eel, entitled 'The FrmoWin 
Expedition from timl lo liut,' in wkicb he 
nniinad verted very iH-ven^Iy on tbo litAtnnit 
bebnd uitdorf-one ai Ibi'liandBuf tb*'KOT«n>- 
mrnl. He rvceived ranch *yiii[iatliv in bit 

Erinvanccji from Ibo newiipApers of llio lin^ 
III. bin eccentricity and ctciubilitT <tctv 
jiriTJudicinl to hi) ndt-anceoivnt, and be ditj 
111 obscurity at bin rvniluncc in lllandfnii) 
StrL'vi.MaiicbestiTSquitTt', London, oni Ftb. 

Kills wa» a copious conlribulor to th« 
FibnoTogicJil siidistnlijiTical Socielitw'' Joiii- 
nali, to thr'Slpdicnl Tim<«,' of which b* 
win for lomnlinicnditoriand tootlisrpapmi. 
B««idesibe K'nrlii mentioned abo%-n and tfca 
tmall nivdicul booka on tbe cnusu of dcatb 
in It ill- born in fa nti4 be publisticd: 1. ' Tbi? 
Physical and Iiilvllcciuul Cburact(*r and In* 
dnstrial Aria of ihe E«t|uimaux,' ]t<41. 
3. 'Tlie Nntivm of Vancouver's klnnd and 
Itritiili Cotumhia,' IMW. .1. 'Tbo Manx of 
ihcUoof Miin,']^^!). 4. -TlicUplandvrti,' 
1871. None of tlie*i- works appraw in the 
Itriliib Museum Ijbrury Catalogue. 

[.Mndinil TitiiM, 12 Fob. 1876; AtheMrvm, 
12 t'«li. isri; Mnlical Dirfctory. 1874. and 
Obituitry, IHTC, wli«ri>. boiMTOr, iho data of 
Kiiift'a •Wih I* wTiinjtlyElvvniM 18 F«K ; iHark- 
bam's Arctic Kutv Lint: informalioii kindly 
siippliod ly J. li, Bailey. «a., Royal Colloga of 
?iuFKi'oni ; King') work* iq llritlah JdoaMUt 
Library] T. 8. 

anliiiuaiy, iililmt eon of Kichard King, wlto 
lunrru-d nt Kuny I'omefoy, l>ovoii*hir<i, in 
April l."*!*!, Miiry (Iraci; XVinibmtl.wojibon) 
uu 18 Jan. 1818 at Muutpelter, I'ennycroMi, a, 
chiipir-lrvuttacbed lo St. .Vn<lr«w, I'lymoulli. 
Ilia fiitVr died in April im>; bia au)lh«r 
Rurvircd unlil l.tJan. It^. 11« BBatrieu- 
latrd al Kneicr ('allcDV, Oxford, An 17 Nor. 
18.1(1, and Kndualed IIA. in 1841. On hi<!> 
fatber'» deutb be inlicritrd a caniudcrable 

frv>pcrty. including I be <4lalt) of Uim<lon in 
luck fan) l«i^h, Dei'oiubinr, whetv ue Uvod 
unlil InVI: bulthe land* wen liiMviir naott* 
initrcd.nnd in t bat ynar tlwy WM« Mdd undn- 
pfvuniury prrHurp. whvn be waa also toned 
to part witb bis falbei'scolloclion of picture* 
and tk« inagniHcent librarr whbr.h lu> him- 
mU bad aniasHil. Kiafc iIiod witlidrvn- (» 
Thn limeii, Credilon, aail supported liinuctf 
b^ hi* wriiingii. No one baa in this i^ncra- 
liOB M]aBllc<l him in thn knowledge of tW 
lit«ratiiN and hictonr of tbe w«at country, 

and Ue was Riflt-d w illiihe urlof iiilereelini,' 
Oth(Ts in ibp friulD of bii mH<iLrcbi.-B. lie 
w»a dect«il a m«iabvr of the Devonahin As- 
■octBiioii in 1^74, and dlled ihc offico of pr^ 
aidant in 1^7A, wli«n liia add rof* dealt with 
tlw mrly lii^toir of 1)«voniililrc. lie ci>ii- 
tributod iu>n>»t pn|ir-ni to itA ' Tmiuairlioiu,' 
and at ihi- time or hii iloalli via ou iio l«a 
than ri(!bt of its special cinaniiiitt^. WiiL 
tiiT«nl of its HMUulivrs be was eii)rag«d iu 
tfUMlalbg Btid tdiltiig the ' l)«i'oti»lutv 
DoBtnday.' KiDi; died at Tlie LimM, Cro- 
iittm, on 10 V«h. l):<;o, aod waa biirird in 
it* (-hiiirhynnl.ihn mat window of tliR Indy- 
diaiN:l bcins t\\i4 with Klaincd frluui in bia 
11MIBIM7. Tbo «*>t window and lour kuukUvT 
■windowain BucldiulU-if^Cliiin.'lini.Ti>|pveB 
bj him wht^u he n-nii midine nl UijCodoiL. 

Wbeu an luidt-ijrntduBI'c Kiiifi printed in 
1&4Q, for private dial rihu lion, ibirlv-ihrM 
eo^ca of two iMrlarrs rend b*for* th* K**ay 
Sociotir of Exeivr Col!*gn. Thoir tubj-'ci* 
were 'Tbn Summatuntl Hoinioi of (liu 
Litcmlun.- of ihi^ XII ita-l Xdl Cciitunct,' 
and thr_v wvre dedu-'attd To tli# Itev, K. V. 
I\>wlea,tbeiielioolfrltowatid frifiu) ^f L'liarli^ 
King:*Iev. To lU -Oxford Euaja' lor lH.Vt 
<ti». sri-W) Iw eantributf^ a pnp.r on 
■ CBiiovinKian llomanop,' which nii> nfti^^ 
waril» includvd in hin * SkclcJic* und ^t udim.' 
IIi> firnl MiFarBt* work craititilcd of ' Sclny 
tiutu fmm Ilurly Ballad Poetiy,' 184:i, to 
wb>cli were addi-J inany nolM and prelimi- 
111U7 ohicnalioDi. A iiovi!! by him, en- 
titled ' Anaehur: a Slory uf thv North,' Ply- 
nxMitli, was mibliKlied anonymoiMly in l&'iO. ' 
It di-bii'ied ttie apoatloof ihenorth'whiloen- < 
gnifi'don hi' ini»f<ion of romrpninp tlu< Nonwt- , 
Oiirn III Cfaritlinnity, but it* iniccnuwa* not 1 
great. At oofllimoha cotitcmplated tmdnii ' 
•Tbi' llijlory of l>«ronabir« from the Brit i>li ' 
I'«riud to our own Time,' but ifais enteniriM | 
proTi^d 100 ambiliouf.and he cont<4il«d Iiim- ' 
Bolf with |iobltsliiiii; the Drat two chapters, ', 
undir tli«i litl« of ■ The Foreat of Danmoor 
and it* Honiara: an lliatorinl SIrauh.' I 

Til Mortar'* •nrics of hamibooks to Iho 
English rnu'ntioii Kio); wni n lurgv con- 
tributor. He Jirrpared • llnudbooks To Krnt 
kadSiiaM.-:t'(le>>^), 'Sum'yHiid Ilampshint' 
(18M), •EaBleni Couulii'n' (18111), aixl 

• YOTkahire" (lt«W-&J. Tlio-e for • North- 
»niMnnaIiir«<'(lH7:i-7) and ■ Wsrwidtaliira j 
with IlMifordahiro ' (1872-ft) wora partly I 
irritlcn bv liim, thnueli tht loat voliimo ho.'i 
not yrt Ei»<^ publinhnl. and (lii> 6M1 and 
later iHliiions of lliot for ' lleion and CVm* 
wall ' wurc siiperviaud by him. lie woa iLe 
chief writer in thi- sami? )iub1isher'a 8i4iv« of 

• Ilaailboaba to (he Cathedrals of England,' 

whjcti wMu imucfd during IftGI-fl, and iu 
the ■ubsuiiient rolunie on the 'CalliiTdmla 
of Walm' 11073). Tliv ' Huiidbucik lo llL-rt- 
ford Csthuoral' was mruck utT sfpuinicly in 
iti&i, and tbo acconnt of the three choirs, 
(JloucwtdT, Hereford, and Worcwt^f, ap- 
I pcBtcd in one rolumn in IMUI, Kor many 
; year* bo wna a coniilant rjontnbutor to the 
' 'Saliinloy K«vii?w,' thu '(Juafli-rly lUivicw,' 
and" I'riviiT's Ma^^iui^.* Adi'lielilful »i;lno- 
tiun from bis arlitk-a wad pubtiaiitd in 1M7J 
under ili>- title of '.SbetcW and Siudii>B,' 
and in tlifm bis i?\l^ii><ivo learning wan em- 
bodinl in a ]K'rmnn'-nT form. He Ireiiiienlly 
wroto in ibi- ■ .\ciid^tny' nnd in ■ Xotw and 
Uuerici,' and to thn ninth cditiim of tb# 
'EnpydopiEJitt liritunnicn ' bo »uptjlird ac- 
COUnlB of t'cirnwall and Devon. Tlii: fir«t 
flvepurtaof •UorOwuCountnr'miTewnllen 
bv hiiu for Cawell k Co., and be aiaiated in 
the compilation of 'Rclurwique l^urupe.' 
liii puiHT on ' Itriatol Cnlbrdnir appoared 
in thi! 'Trnniaellon* of iho llrivlol and 
(i)i)Uc<'ati--rsUin' .\reJiicotoKlcal Socipir," iii. 
W-lllo. and a letter bv hiin 'Hn iIip I'Vmily 
and rurentage of Jucmael do Tutnaic ' if in 
Cotion's "Toinw," App. pp. 77-Kj. 

[Dci'on, .\uoc, Trana. ai. AS-flO ; Acftdomy, 
IHTP. p. ISA: Nolm mul Qiirrie*, Sth tcr. iJ. 
l$(l(lB*B): iorurmaiion Itom Hits Kine, bis 
»T«tcr, ot Credilon, and from Mr, John Murray,] 

W. P. C. 

KINO, KOBI^nT (J. 1557). bi«bop ol 
Oxford, although Muted lo have belonged to 
tho Devonshire family of that name, aj)p(iar» 
lo have been second ton of Wiltinoi hin^ of 
Tbam<i,OxfonUhin>. \'Ooman,i>'bnwas living 
In 1B08 (V.G. \xr.i nut. ff tkf. Prrlfndttl 
CkurcA. . .0/ TManu.pii.Ssa, tie.; lltustu, 
Porm* and I'mtm* by Urnry AVny, Hitkop iff 
CAifhetlrr. \xx\iu. lixxvi.; Brit. Mat. Add. 
MS.-2i^^>^,S.{-:i). His brrutber.William King 
of Tliime and Wuniiiut-liall, BuckiiiRbaui- 
abir*, K.'iiiVmnii, niarriml Anne, dniiyblcr of 
Sir Jolin Willinma if Burgh II fid, llrrki^bire. 
andaiitrr of .loim Willinni*, piion-v nf i>i:id- 
\i:r, Usfordiliirv. and of Sir JohnWillinnmof 
Thame; It')bi-riKiii)*wtt»lhu«cr.niioflrdwith 
tbr same familr us Tbumai Cromnetl [i[. v.] 
He joined the Cinterciana at Kewley AlilieT. 

near Oxford, but, aa woa nut uiiiisuul.)iaMeil 
some of bi« early yeara in the Oxford bou«e of 
the Bernardinc* (cf. Wood, tV/i/ nf O/fntd, 
*d. Clark, lljf. IliM. Sw.. ii. ;W«^tt). H«ptxj- 
ceodi'd lilJ. in IVbrunry l''iU6-7. won abbot 
of Brcweni, tUfifJibire. in May liiir,, and 
proceeded L>.U. on I March lol^Ul, John 
Lon^lund [q, v.}, bi*hi>p of Lineuln. wiin a 
patron nf kin)r,aud helped him to obtain t ha 
oQiceof abbot of Thame in 1^130. Kingseeius 




to huvi- CDiitiiiiir'il lo lioKI Uri?w«m, for at | 
tlio diMiilution lii^ ivci^ivefl a p^naon of 23/. 
■ ■j«ir ill w*!!*'^ "^ '*■ '^'"K liriibublr be- ] 
CABID RiiflTngiin to itie ISiabop ol' iJucola on < 
7 Jim. fi^'ftnkins tlitf tiik> ICeonciisu, tVum ' 
the name of u (Ikjccsh hi t\iv ^rovjiice of] 
Atbma. He is lliiw lUwcrilji'il on I'l April 
1033, irrL«i lip n>i.'ei^ fil rh.> pri'W nil nl'Crnck- 

fole 8l. Mnry in tlm mllirilral of Lincoln. 
tti oiclmnpi'il rliin on iS Nov. l&Stl, for 
lliajrlfivund'-, wbii'b Im hi'ld till loll. 

(hi 22 DiT. |ti;i7 Kiiift wii* cWifd abbot 
of OiL'tiry. Oxfurdtiliiri.-, liy tbc- iiKLmweiueut 
i>f Jiihn l.oiuloii [fj. v.] imil Jolm Tregon- 
woU [ij. v.], mlio iiclcd oil Cromtrell's in- 
»(ruolioii«.' Ill 1*1^9 Ii«> wna n ]ir(incher at 
St. Murv'*. Stnmforfl, nntl in iioid to hnvo 

MMcb'*"! lliitn« li).'(iintl IlioRn wlio U»l-<1 ibo 
Englith lmii»liilii>ii of (be Ni-w Ti-aluiiKMit 
(Stuti-k, a-an/ner, i, l3Ui._ Tbu ubbry of 
Thiimc BiuTcnOi'ivil i<n lU Not',, and iliut «t 
Oieat-y on IT Ncv. IMSi. 

Kiiijr vat iiiiKb: liiilinn of Owmf-y iinrl 
TliHmt' pr<jbnbl; ill I-VIl [io.), biitllir Icttitn 

Finltnl wrro nol LhjupcI till I St-T'l. lfl4!J. lie 
ivodinfiloiirpBliTt'oUi'H'-'untily.Timtt l&t'i, 
ub<-u bi- wan niudc bisliuji of tJxford. Uu 
miinuKecl to TUluin liiit bisliiiprio during ibe 
niet» of Kdwarxl VI nud Mary. Ho sat 
&i Craniner'a i rial, and Vuxi'iAi-lyiad ituiiii' 
menu, ed, Townsend. riii. Ii30 ), wlin i» fol- 
lomil b_v Stri'iie, iiicliidi'8 ' Kiii^, liiibop of 
Thuiuo,' nmong ' percc puling bi»li<>pii tlmt 
dlfd beforv Qiionii )Inry.' Iviofr ainl on 
4 Dw. tSfl", and wn« burind nt IJvt'onl, in 
Cliriot Cburrh Cnlbt-dnil.wben! n toiiib was 
rnicti'd lo hi.i niL-^ion'. Tbis tomb, of wliicli 
un enuruviiii; nns publitibi'd, wna, with a 
slnini'd wiiid'iw con l a in i lift a jmnrnir, moved 
later (o anotbor pRU of tlic cutliciirnl bv his 
ureol-frmnii-iicpIn^wB. -lobii and llfntTKinB 
[a. \:\ bi'linp "f ('bichoilcr. \\'(mcl aMi'iif 
llint t lii-y found n coiit of iirinsfor llii- bitibup 
wliicb lip iii'ViT liud or kiit-w of biloHi'lf. A 
pnintih;.' i.'f Ibo window i& ul Tjlboqw Ilouw, 

|AutH<iritirH<)iiulnl ; Rttypii't AnniJi, W. ITS; 
Mcniori'il*, 1. ii. <(■<. ii.ii. ITii Cniiiiiicr, ;<p. S'J. 
HfililOiy; Wo™riAtbcnicOioa.(lil'ni),ii.TT<; 
Fwli 0\ao. 111. DIIhi. 1. l». *» . Woad* lliii. 
(lail Aolii]. oftlipl.'i)if.«if0iif. lO.Oiiii'li.pp, 4SI, 
fiSO; Iteff.of lh« Tniv. of 0»f. r-i. Vvuw (Oxf. 
I))H9ni;.).l. 4T; Kmwuo Willie, fli.l. of Mitred 
AbbrjK. li. i:a. 161, 1»7 : Ityiiur'. I'lpJom. 
XIV. "fti, xt. i-2, 'i, ttri; Id'll*™ and i'lifior" 
lU^TJ VUI. cd. OiiiMnrr. xti. i. 3l>i). ii. \i4(i; 
IjfNcTo'i t' ll'i. lilH: Turnor'aSclb'tiolut 
from llip IlfTorfa of 111* City uf Oxf. pp. M'J. 
184 ; Oxf. Cit.v Don. ed. Tlioml.l Knmn (Oxf. 
Hid. Soc), p.'lM, liurncl's Iliat. of ibeKcf'jr- 
inHtIi>n. 1. 1. SOU, li. Si'i ; Oodnin, !>■ Piviuli- 
liua. p. 616.1 ^'' •'^- ^- '^■ 

KINO, SiK RORKKT ( l-ii)V'f-I<«"), 
Irish EOldin and alntuiiiian, bom in Iivland 
nboiil iriODgWai nldciit ton »f Sir Jolin Kinfc 
(rf. 1«3"> fci. r.] Hr i-njoycd Ibi? uflioa of 
ill Inrlaiid by virlunof bis rrvvrsiumry f^nnt, 
dulml A Mai,- lUlf (<b/. Stale IMjirn, Iruli, 
lGin-2^1, p. I03),vlii(-hn'ii» rciivvrvd lo liim 
on II .Inn. M!31-H. On 19 Aug. ICI^I h« 
irnj> kniglitJid (Mln^'Ai.rK, Hook a/ KH^hle, 
p. 179). Ilr nntcri-d pnrlianiMit ■* nucinbrr 
lor BovW, CO. Itwcomnion, in 1(131, was rc- 
i^lectL'd in 1(139, nnd in Itliti ivhb n.-lun)«l 
for I£o«eoiiiuiuu ■.■ounly. In XovituIkt llill 
Im was ap|"HUli-d goiftnorof B'>yli' Ca-tte, 
nnd iiiiin lH'i:aiii«i coimpiciwii* for biMioililai^ 
likill and nrtitity. Piiriiig tlir IHtb ri-WUton 
h<' di<tingiii>Jind himutli' at tlw bnliU of 
lUIinioblK'r, CO. Kotieoniinon, iii |i)ll'. Kui 
be- Icul bcavily durtiiff tlic n-bi'lUim, and tuft 
Ire'tniid ill 10)2 for London, wIiitc ('veil or 
VVimblfdoii Ilou«#, ill ihe Stmid, bad i-mni! 
I'lbimllirougb hit M-coiid niamng?. He nun* 
cnten-d ibe strvico of ilic twrluinirai, and 
wnnri'iit inOclnbnr lfS4.^ toljUl««,nilti tw4 
ntlii'ri, lo niaiiugi! thf piirliiiiiionrii nflatn. 
In 11147 III- Via* ono of tin.- livi; commiwoncw 
eppoiiiti^dtort^vt'ii'e lUc >«unl fromtliuMnr- 
([iiiH of UriDoiiilf , tbi' vii-L'roy uf Cbart«i. He 
t'ontrivi-d 1u incrt!u»e bift ivinli- bv vavy pur- 
cbatK-s uud tbe oUolment of l&ii<ld iu mIia- 
fiiction of bis amMra for d-.Tvios in IreUod. 
Dy art of parlian)<.>t>t datud 8 March IfUD-M 
]i<> viLt nnininatod u imiiico for thu nnw nni- 
viTsirv of Dublin (Cat. State I'anrri, Irish, 
ItKB-li, p. xcviil. On |."> IX-c. following bn 
wa* di-iiirc'd, along wilb 1)ic«tlomey-jH?iicr«I, 
lo buvl^ a eunipIi'lL- in\cii!or>* tukeii of all 
Ixioks and t«cord« conci-riiiug Iho bvrsld's 

On 24 Seiit. IfiOl Kinir «a« cmpiiwi>r«d, 
wilb I'olonrl Ilnwon, to ntgn vmminlji Cur 
■2,W0I. for pnymont of ihi' l,ein»ii:r forw*, 
wliidi order wiui n-m^ivcd un (• OcLpnuuing, 
nnd on 17 -Nov. b.- wui iiutboriacd lo i»iui 
wiimints for 1.1IU(V. lonnrds payneot of tka 
forci-n in Iiubliii. On \'A lluc.liB was OTiler«d 
lo r^'wivo 1(XI/. if^ litf wrvicM as conimu- 
Bioner of ibo public niTpnne for one year, 
coiniiiPiii'ingon I May pjrviouvly. ()»:^1MAy 
\i\Ta lio wu nppointi'd nii uvurwcr of tM 
poorwitbin Dublin and )iarlK ad^an'nt, and 
wiu uIbo inDdir uvLTstrr for Hlatiiig lliu ac- 
FuunlH of tbe annv, Hi- wun hu-oru a mem- 
ber of llie touncidifMal*! on 4 Nov. of ibnt 
year(iV«. Pom. 10.1^-4, ]>. -JW). and ml in 
('mniw«-ll'( parlianifTiit of Iit5J ui monlwr 
for Slign, Itonrominon. and Iri'itrim couatiM 
( Ofirial Itetum ^ Mrrnhm af I'ltrtiament, 
pt. ii.) 

King dind al Cwil IIi>uw>about June l(ir>7. 








HenunediGrM, Fniicc9(':f.l<t-'iA),dntishtcr 
or Sir Uearj Follioit, itui lim l<iti] Kulliott 
of IlBllTibaiiBoa, by whom lit- Iiiul .loliu, flnt 
lonl KuigitaM [q. V,},aii(l tbntr otlicr volts 
Mid MX (Uuglitefs ; and Rucomllv. S<jn)ii« 
(if. 1601 ), daogliter of Sir WiDinn' Zoucli of 
Woking, SuiT"T, Kni) wiiiow of Sir tCdwnrd 
Cvcil, viK«<iiil \ViiiibIodna,b7 wLnm lir hnd 
t«-a daojililcnL 

I[L«ti«e'H l>ren«» df Ireland (Archdall), iii. 
Z>a-«: Cal. SlU« fapOR, Horn. 1644-a7.1 
0. O. 


KINO. kobi:i:t. i.un. (iGoo-iffro), 

.Mier of Trinily Uoll, Cwnbndire, born in 
lUOO^waaaBativcofKtiil. lie iiialriculali.-il 

a pt-iMioii«f of CLrifl'fe C>lk-L'r. C'auibrid|!:i>, 
5 Julv l«l7,praa<nil..a It.A. iti 165(»-l. nnd 
prnnwdm) M.,V. in Uiji. In \a->:< hv wiui 
jel'irlrd las fdlloiTRtiipnt Trinity I lull, wtiicli 
hv lu-W lit! U\aH{/f«rl. 3tS. ri)Nt, ff. U2 »). 
OnlU JuDi' liijx lie Willi »wiini and odmittiKl 
a I'roclur in iIip Ki.-Ji'ip of Kly'n ciMiaislorinl 
eoun liy I>r. TlicimoH Kdeii (AdJil. .VS. 
fitHS,f.314>. InlU.itllLrl'x.ktlMdi^l.'rveur 
ILX.l). (S'Mitia Acaiiciniae C'aiilabnipi-n»iii, 
Lamhrtb JfA'. 770, p. 2A2|. atid oil 10 Oct. 
1641 «•• udniltfd nn ailinoaii' ofTli* court 
o(MdHS»tDoctoi«'(.>inini'>n*, l>iiid»ii(.VA'. 
Adnutrntm* to Cotlryf of liuclor* of I^ir in 
LMBb«Ui Library. If. CU, lIOi. I-V>m Kill 
to I0S3 be wiu> olSirial in lltn AK-tidcnoon nf 
Soffolk, and rnim l<14L' A commiiMiry of Ihu 
SulTotk uvUdt'ocotirr. ]I« wait commiMory 
of ^^•ldl)u^v urc'hdiuconry Tor IUIi> oiily, niid 
'<It('iiil tu ike un^bdciLiNin uf liiidliurv. IIMA- 

On the dMith of Tbomiu Kdon h. v.] 
(lA July imo), tk« parliaiu^nt (SO \iig.) 
ordi-r>>d tlir fi'lloira at Trinity Ilail tn nn*- 
^ nd ili>> rIoctioD of onv ma»lmintil ibnuni- 
vi-nitv n-guUtirani kaii brm carriad nut; btit 

( fellow* on SO Si-pt. prtilioncd for laavv 

«l«Ct in eaiULiiuvncf of vuriuuH inoon- 
vimem il^»nW JottrHaU, ri'i. ITUU). T)i«ir 

Snycr b«itix mnttMl, iliuy vl«ct«d John Svl- 
KB (S3 Juir), and u|>oii kis rvfViml to act 
King vra» clioien on i** Ocl., and hU rfoc* 
a|>]iri>ViMl bv lli« lonl» nu (\ Nor. ; but 
tho coiauod* objnrtiiis. In* i>*a> rciniimincd 
to PMicn. and 1h<- rcllnwa briiOLi.>d(:il un 
7 Uudi laiU ii> cJM't Jokn B<>nd [o. v.], 

which oUctirtn reccirml (liv a[ii|)r(>ial uf butli 

biiniM on 30 Man'h (furimiik-iilar* i-uiici-rti- 
iag ibdM cl«<rt(4ii<s MV Ilnkfr MfiS. xxT. \2, 
391-97 ill Cnnikr. Ciiiv. Uibr.) 

ilia Itivtontion Kinj; was rMiUidnd 

admittwl (o tli«< ina>tiT«lii|i, ^) Aiir. 

Ho in Bildmui-d nit clinnc-llor of lilv 

BUiup Wrvn in IGOO aud lOtll (//art. 

' ma, a. ai, 2b). in kiui he mi 

tna<lr virar-^mTnl and pnnc-tjiitl odlrial to 
llirliop Wivii, wbn contirm«l kim in liiem 
oflicps bv piitiTnt,dalciI 10 \hv. lm2 {Addit. 
Ms. fieiW, r. «U), and on m Jun-r liIK-J iho 
biibmi plaivil kimal Tkcki-ndof n comiui-isiiin 
1u viail Ik- diocew ( //<../, MS. 7013. f. .10). 
Oti 2 Fi'b. ll3(tl-2 W aiipiruri'd btf<rin> tbe 
koiidii of cmivoiiitioii, aiid nilk ullivr kw- 
y*'T»git»ekiB wfilteiio]jini('Htkftt ibi'liisbiips 
■ wpt*- in iii> lUnpT^f invyivlarilv' by iiitl'ug 
with ik" Ionia in ciim« of kigk trgnson (Uin* 
N>N. r..r/«i. i, 14.1). 

Ik- nriAinrd kin elioncellorikip i-<t Kly 
under lti»ho]i l.ailev, und nns one of the 
conjLiii9ai'<ner4 fur visihit^ tke dim'L'de in 
I(J<4 (' ICeinKtr. Lniiey,"(|ii<.iti!d in Sli'vt'iiBOii'a 
Suppl. to TtEXnu^'a E///, p. Ill, .\ cdllt'C- 
lioii of f'lroi* of liwiij""*, ciliilion*. «y|"wi- 
Tnitioiis, &c. iMUod in ii'i* iiainit, ia pm>itrvrd 
in ibe Cnmbridgn rnivnniity l.ikrari-. KinK 
dit'd on '! Nov. 1870, nir('<l 7B, and wn» 
buried in tlie i-boripl of Trinily Hall. A 
bluck niurlile »tnb to bis ini'iiiory. witb ii 
Luttn iim-riptiun and coat ofamiH, a piati.-d 
near ibe altar. 1114 arms aUo apfienr nn ii 
window in the master's lodge. 

King Dinmed Fmncfs, daiigbtwof .rn-'por 
\Var«™ of Ormt Tkiiflow, Suffolk. By lier 
be had a son nnd duiiifhlfr, wbo botb prc- 
dcd-iued kim. I.nnd whick be had pnrrkiiw-d 
at Orcat Tknrlnw ke Mt by wdl t.i tlin-B 

Bnndiona. Hoberl, lleury.and Tknmii» KIdk- 
i.i widow was burijnil at Urwit Thnrlow on 
li* April lOtSl. 

[Canitiiidai Vnii. ItoBiBlitfa. eonimunieatfd 
I>y llif liil" IU\-. II. It. T.uard. D.I).; Slcti-n- 
•oii'h Snppl. to licnllmm*' Kly ; Lt Nt'TV'* FatrLi, 
td. Ilaniy. iii. 079; Bl-jattiold'* NorMk, Iii. 
e<i7-S. SSI ; I'Orda' JaDrn>lK. ni. SSI. aso. GTS, 
viii. 237 ^ Coramona' Jnuraal*. W. SIR. 308. 4B0 : 
Wilkitu'n Lifr of Snlden pn-Hxtd to WorLa. ppt 
txxtii, xuviii; Curtur'i Carol jr>dg<-. j>. IM; 
CooiiiT'»Aniial>iof ("ambr, iii. 376-7; KVniidl's 
IWinler. p^. 221. ttO. 8»2. 886 : Oibioa's Sy 
nodui .^ngli(uaa<Catdnlll, p. 2V3; Lc Ntta'a 
MuaumMita .taslimna. iii. 171; Addil. US. 
fi8U7. S: S0. 03. 1 10 ; HloinsflvldV CollrcUnt* 
Cnniubridennu. pp. 10(1. 205. 311. 2IA: Prin, 
I'wI.. H-B- ill""'--'- HI): A.iait. MS. I!(l3<.f. 
31 1 ( Hhtv* :«iiir«lk ColWlioniti ; Cat. of MRS. 
in Ciiinbr. UniT. Ubr, ; Todd'a Cot, of MSS. at 
Umliolk ra!a«.] II. P. 

KINO, ItOltEItT. sMond Lniin Kiyos- 
Tox (/f. l(lf)3), vrivii ebWt *>>n of Jnkn. firot 
lord Kingston ["l-T.', by l'nlliorine(rf. lOflB), 
dauglitirr of !*ir William Fenton, knt.,of Mit- 
chnlitown.oo.rork. Ilownii liroujtbt np by 
his uopIp. Sir Hoberl King, who neiil bim to 
Bm*un«ie Collegir, ttifonl, win-iv be pom» 
mencMl M,A. ou liH June ItiTO. On 4 Jan. 
18)49 ifaeproteatanlaMocialioa for the (.■oiiiiiy 

of i^Vigo chotie King Aiid Cu|ilain Cliiilk-^ 
Cnole Uieir chief comnwndera. King nr- 
livuil nt Biillysliannon on !^Jnn. Tiiun> hv 
rcci'ivcd n Ifttcrl'rcrm I lie commit tun in Dittt, 
wilh (irdL-nt |us tlii'y taid) from I'lilonol 
LuiLi]y lu bvvptliepiinae-a un llic Erno Wutur. 
Ilu oWy^ II1F4I! iiisinictlonii witli li^ul 
succeM, but on IfJAjiril ho rvct^ivvtl dirci-- 
tionK from Lundylo briii^ his muu suddenly 
inio tha immndiatd ni'it^liliniirliood of Deny. 
'I'ho icntlnivd pnaition of hii troop« teadvfwil 
Ihis impowblo. Uv himni'tf went U aunritQ 
till- ni'xi inurninjr townnln DL-rrp to inquiro 
into Ihe Bitiinllon of nliiiir*, uiid k-uml on 
L-oiniu^ within Hve luilci uf Kiiphi-x' timt 
Lilll'.lj' with hi? forttB IimJ Ik-J to 1 lerry, uU'l 
thnt thf- lfi»li, «bo liH'.l rtiuoheil Kftiilioc, 
wniild prfivcni hirii friiiii Hjipnirtcliici^ Ityirj'. 
Kin)j llnTinijiim hiuti'did bnck to lii« trnop", 
(lc*])utahi!d (ii>i<-r« fi>r iho horu! to npciire 
ihcmiurlvus ill KimiiliiUc-ii, und tlin font nt 
Doncj^nl, ItiillyBliuimon, ikcd other plucuS|Biid 
then with si'int' i>f hi» ulTioi-rfl wi-iit to Scal- 
liuid in a Frviidi vei4H?], which thcv 8i?iEi<d 
(ilKillj'hi>g»i, CO. Poiitignl, n,iicl lium<-il topve 
Willinm nnncroiiiii nl HtTnini (lltiiuiJ, L{fr 
nj WitUam l!I.\t\t, U>7-lll. Ily Tyrcinneri 

firac-hiiniilinn of 7 Mun-h KingwiLjexenipli'd 
rotn mi-rcy or .Iiitm-*'* fuvoiir: hii wns ul- 
laiiiti'd by tliv jiiirliumenl im 7 Miiy,aii<l hnd 
hio OBliiti> !tfi|ii<.'BlvrF(l ; hut on 2U \ii\i- fol- 
1uwin|{ he coiumniided a ri^);imtnt of foot ut 
l\w takiuft uf Currickfi^r^uK, niid on (hi^ re- 
ducliori iif lb'- kii)ird(im luok hia seul in par- 
liBWll-tlt OH *>lli.-i, hi02. 

Jty d(>oilN dnlod 111 mid SO Dec. IGOa Kinfr 
3pn]i]ic<l In lli'iirv. loni Cnprl, S'\t Itobi^rC 
'iine, Diidoihiin tliRiMiMlc.miuior, nad laiidx 
pf ^L-wciuitltr, and putt of the- iniiuor of 
Milcbclslown. in em. Tipppmry nnd L'urk, 
for buildiuKi endowing, uiid vtilnblisbtiit; ri>r 
ever & coU«|te in or u«ar the borough of 
Bnylp, en. lt(Kcnminnn, to he r4ill'-d by lln^ 
nUDiii of KinRklon CollcBP, for tran niiuier 
■nd luhi-r nnd u chnplniii, with npnrtmi.-niii 
tot ibi'm iind tWL-iilv puor widuwii, lii);i>lb(.-r 
witbtt freo w.-hoo) Hiid tk chapvl. Hu uli('niit<.il 
lii« e»lftt(i ffoiii lii» IjrolbiT and Micfvtu'nr, 
John, hcicniian ha lunl bt'Oiin- ii Itnninn rji- 
tholic nnd hikd miirrind n irrvnnt t(ir1: but 
John nieovrfwi it in 1 70S. King dii-d with* 
out Imuc: in Doci'tnlH-T lltUI], 

[Lodge's I'MimiTB '•{ Irftiilid (ArohiUIll, iii, 
2£Um.; a Viniticiiii"" ofSicltubflrt Kini;'* Do- 
aftat >od Aclitiiii, IHdU.) G. O. 

KINO, HOBKRT (/. )IW1-1711), com- 
po<ii>r, ii'HM s tii"nib<-r oribi* bund of iiiiimIc to 
Williiim nnd Mnry luidi^r ihr- mni"tcr«hip of 
Nieholiu ^^tn^u^nlJ^ lU- wnf iho compojii't of 
•evenl »cidkii in ' Clioicv Ayru*, Sungs, and 

Illalogiws.' 108-1. and wrot* Ihi" music for 
the SMiijf- in Crunnc'n tnosl popiilitr i:oin«dy, 
'Sir Courtly Nicii.' Tb?B(i wvri' print oil ncpn- 
fnt*ly in tht! 'Thi^f^r of Musidi' {ya\. ii, i>d. 
leS5), King wu« nl«ti u <r.jnlributor lo 
' Uoran* AmoriJ,' KiSi-Ha: 'The Baii(|uet of 
Musick,' mSS-S)!': the 'Qunlk-miUi's Jour- 
nul," Wd'l~i ; and * Themnrtia Mn*ieii8,' 
llKliJ-fl. In lOuO he 'ut Shftdweir* .wi" on 
SU CeciUa'6 day, " O Socrpd Hiinnnnyj' nnd 
in 18113 ' an odd on tho Itt. Hon. JohiiCiM;il, 
url of ICiati>r, bi> birihdiiy,' (tommi'nciog 
'()nco mom 'tiii born the Uoiipy d»y.' the 
wordi of which wt-n.- wriltwi by K-tcr Aiitlioaiy 
Mottcux [q. v.] In WM ho took tho dcgrve of 
Mus.Om:. fruui St. Cutharin« Coll«|^', Cuu- 
bridge, and tiih»«]U(<ull]r ecn'i'd in tlK> band 
of«iii>it luC^ncien Anne. Tbervorciwononm 
by Kiii^',' With t lice for OTcr' luid* Dnlj' Idl 
lior.'uinimg thn manuorripl colliHTtina>i>f tlia 
Snrn-d KurmoniciSociBty (/.liM/oyn*',p. ^33), 
end II ciiUi'Clioii of Iwuniy-four Bwnjfa br hiin* 
i^ntitli^d ' SonRs for one, in'u, or tbr«e\ dicMi 
ooiiipDi'i-d to a Tlionwgh Busse for re Orj^n 
or 1 larp-iiobord.i'iiyrai'i' J on coiiiivr, wa* ]>"'>- 
liBlmd by John W»l(.b lll"> ■iW) in Iill, 
\\ \i\is np]i»nn> to have bnm liring ul thin daln, 
but ihr time of hi* diwth iji not known. 

[(.Irovo's Did. of Manie. ii. AT: F^tis'o ttiog. 
Univrmelle da Miuiciens, v. 33 ; Btown'i Bioc. 
lik'l. uf MiiKii-iiiiif, p. 359; Otaduati Oiittiilin- 
aioii«M. p. a"i.] T. 8. 

'^u^ il7-'>4-l7»9), bom in \'hA, was i>)do«t 
■on of ICdwnrd, lirsi cwl ofKini^tau (I'iW- 
I7U7), by Jane, dauj^hter of Ibomu Cuul- 
fvild of Ihiuamon, co. Itoscommon ^LoiMe, 
I'etraijr of Iri-laml, ril. Arcbdall, iii. '2X!), 
As Visroimt Kin^boron^^h bo wnjt rctnmed 
M.r. for CO. I-'ork in 17KI, 17(W, nnd 171)8, 
whi-nhnwu* ciilli-d lo ihu ilouae of Lord* 
{Offirial lift urn cf Mfmbert i/ Parliamfitt, 

ft. ii.) Un o Dei:. I'Uil bu inarrli-d a coueiii, 
'ambn<^.unlvduU|'bt<.-randheirv>»«of HiclMrtl 
]''i(/2iTiild of -Mount Ophiily, co. Kildnro, liy 
tb" <Iiiit^ht>'riinil bi-iii?M orJamm, fourth nnd 
lu«t bnrini Kingston, lly ibcir niurriikfli! Ihc 
fnmily r-ntulrmiTi? ronnili'd. Tbi-y bud iun« 
t\x Hon* nnd live diiushti^r*. llrnrv Oi-rard 
l'"il/trcnild,iin ilk-Ril inintL- sou of l.uiiy King*- 
boruiiKh's brotb<;r. was bruufjhl up wllh hor 
own liiniily. He iM-ranii.' a eolonrl in lh« 
nrniy, and wns mnrriod, bnt iti tho (iimninr 
of I'Tfl" i'lop.'d with Mnry Mlidiln-ib. l^ird 
niid I.iidy KinuHboroU|i;b'i (bird daughter. 
FiuscnilJ mi net's s fully dt-ccived the ffirl'* 

!iun.-n1ii, hut bi> guilt win discovered andlho 
cidv riwtorwl to bcr pun-nip. Her hrotli«r. 
Colonel Jtolji.'Tt Edward King taftiirward* 
Vitcount Lortoii). fought a dud witli fitz- 




rrtW in IIt<1* PMk on Sunday raurning, 
Od. I'Vi. After ftxchan^iaK "n fi-iviT 
tkoo tit slioli Ihc7j f^parnteil and u^rvod 
to DiOT' at tliie ttktoe hour miJ plac^ u|i'>ti 
tbo fiiUawinK nioruiiiK- lloiti, LunyviT. 
vrtat put uudi^r arnnt tlial dnv [ Cnrf. ,Vii^, 
ir<)L IXTii. pt. ii. p)i. ll:A>'ll. Fiix^rnld in 
dujijuiiie Aoon pur^icd Mim Kiii^ to tlie 
tkmljr rMtidmmi at MilchKlatown, ro. Oork, 
lodfinf io IVemibor 17ll7 nl thi: iim tbet». 
Tbf tnmKcjcini or Lonl Kina«borou8b and liis 
fuin. Colun^'l Kinj;, wi-re anuiM'd. niid on the 
niglit of 1 1 I'uc. tliuf bunt into liia ruotu nt 
> tl># Kilirortli liol«l. Colotiel King^pplnd 
' wiikliiia, bdJ Ivird Kin^pborousli.tciprot'X^t 
' liit iirtiti, s!ii)t KIltK^ntM ddtil (Uiuinaf ifiy. 
ir!t7. xxiiK. •V'>-7). Truo bilU irorv foiuid 
npiiut futlier and umi W tlio itraiid jurv uf ' 
ox Cork, [lut on 13 Nov. 17i>7 lb* fiwl I 
Karl i>f Kinirslim liieJ, and Lord Kiiiii*- 
lKirou3h,ouiiiiMy.^in(,'tu ib^ titl^, dtmatiilcd 
tn be ttwJ by bit [n-er-. On I>1 May I7t»* 
t be trial cBiin^ on in tli'" IImi«' of l.onU, 
Cama appntrini; I'or tb.i priiomT. Xo 
l«vklNim WM ofH-rHl bj ibo •-mirn. nixA \.\w 
' |ieeu>«d wiu unnnimnuilr uC'^uilii.-ii ftonW 
Jounutb, Ituli, riii. t^ttVi), t'ulunel Kin^- 
IimI bevn aoqaittMl at tbeCiirk ouiimiii tli>? 
prorions April. 

Lord Kiufr*toni!iedatMilchpl8lownl]im»', 
wbl^ be h*'t rebuilt in magniflcnnl nf\e, on 

17 April inn> l,nrHt. litf. KlKl, pi. i. pp. 
SSO-I). Hi» W'f"i from wliom ho liftd lion 
Mfwmtod for wmn ynar*, «iirvirrd nnill 

18 Jut. It^S, and nan buriivl in Putsujr 
cemnwrjr (lA. 1823, pi. L pp. U7t-Ji, vol. xoir. 
pt. i. p. ((48). 

Miu King lii'ed und«r a fetffnml name in 
tbe family of ft clcrifyniaii in VVali<4. n«r 
brilliant converMIional poirrnr!! made hnr n 
C^nrral &TOurite. Shn mnrrix), in .\pril 
IH>'>, (tNirpi flalbraith Ui^nrpi of Clifton, 
and dwid at }<hintbaoipt«n, Liloucu*t«r»luru, 
lu I)4lll(i9. I81»,pt.i.p.^7). 

(tbnka'ii pMri^ ; Sharp*'* Pneraen; Maddan'i 
Bmbtiona of Inland, cb.iii ; Lccky's luigUnd 
In lb* ESgUomili CaocarT.riii. 39-40; IWrise- 
ua'a F«tMMl SkutOtm, (. lai, 201.] G. 0. 

IHH), traT«lli>r and muii of scivuce, uldwl 
aon of W. IL Kinit. vicnr of NuiiMtaB, 
Warwick lib ipf, wa* born in IWl. lis p«- 
d<ial<«l ll.\. 1fM.'>. nndiir<wMHl«^dM.A.lS53 
from Si. Cathnriiiu'* (■i)Ili'p?, ('aiubriJue. 
HobccuDerrcturufSaAlinKbaiu Nir(li«ricuti-. 
Norfolk, in ItWI. King was an t-otlm.iin.-lic 
MitoaBolcRial and gvologist. and b^lgx-d Sir 
Charies Lyell, who wa« a perAonal friund, 
in Us tnvwtiirttions both in KngUnd Htid 
•broad. In letK) tlia two oxptorrd tlM de- 

Doiilsnt Iionie.Suffolb,top>tlier,niidin|Ai)5 
Kinj; inv««ti(cat«d Iha earn nt Auri^iU! {cf. 
PHoruMdU BoTnlUwulSii in Xaturr. I^IJuIy 
1871 1. Kinslrafcllcd fr(.i|U(;nllj-unlln;ci>n- 
iLiiMit, imd was un cnihuiia*iiu mountAin 
cliuilwr. His wife uauallv ariMnipBiiiod binit 
and the rccotda of a loiig cxjivdlttoa maiU 
ahont ISSQarv-contaiiii'd in KiiifnV only book, 
'Tho Italian Valloys of tli« PiTiiiine Alp*.' 
liOndon, 1858. It i* illiistralnl frxtni draw* 
inRN mado by tlt« author. Kinn wa* a fi-llow 
of tbe Royal Qw^initiliirril .SocL^^tT ( If^i**), iliu 
OMitogical Society (ISOO ), and of Oil- Society 
of Autii|uarie<i. He di»d nt l'untn>Hn& in 
18C8, and was buriod ibnv. Ilia collT'Ct ion of 
fvitftilmamiiuliafrotttlbiiNorfolIi fur«ut bi>(U 
hn boqiioatbod to the Mu«iti(m at Practical 
ti«ology, Jermyn Strvi't, l^oadon. 

[laformiitiuD frum Culnicl W. Itosa King; 
Cnlckfo^i'ICll:rtonlDl^r»to^^ ; Lyoir* Antiquity 
of Mnn. IthnLpp. 13'J. ^19. 261. 308.1 

W. A. J. A. 

KINO, TItOM.yS (if. irtitt), ponrnit- 
nninir'r, n-as n pupil of Oiwrxo Knnpton 
[<|.v.j. an<l wns nn arliat of ability, but pc- 
cnntric nnd thriftlpM in hi* liiibits. hour 
of hi* portrait.' b«vi! hixn enjtrnvud in mnxo- 
ilntu: .\ntbony Maddox tburupr-danci-'raiid 
Maltbi'Mr Ski-^i^s tbp nc-lor. nt Si(;n'>r [tunt- 
bnslii playiuK on a bminDrtioh, both bv K. 
Hwutan; JohuKi!idinp.J.P.,byJ.Mi.'ARli>lli 
und J<.<Iin Uarriaon tli<< cbronooieiiiT maker, 
by P. .T. TaA^wrt, IK- diei! in John Strwt, 
Oxfunl Itond, in 17R!), nni] wu burlod tn St. 
Mnrylvboiiti churchyard. 

[lulimrds'a .^aeodotaiof Painting; Chaluner 
Smitb'i British UonoUnto l^ntKit■.l 

V. M, OD. 

KINO, TIJO.y.\S (1730-1805). actor 
■md drntnnltit, bom 20 Aug. I7!)0, in the 
parish of St. l.<uorv«'s,IlanoTer Square, Lon- 
don, wher« hilt IklDer waa a tndeam&n, waa 
educaied at a giMnmar scliool in Yorkshire, 
wbeiuwli* ptttweded to Wett minster School. 
Acoirdini; to th<> trrhool-liat proKTWd in thn 
Ilarlcinn MSS. nt tho ItritUh Mumuri, Th»- 
raa« Kinjt was in the aoooiid form at \^'v«t- 
miiiiii<.-r ill 1730. Quorttny (Aeeavnttfftke 
Sla^, ii". i'A'): "A geniU'iuan totd me that 
Kiug'e father kept a ooffiw-houie, and that 
King, when a boy, Lad ott«n broitght Mm a 
diah ofcoSav.' Othsr account* aiw that KinR 
iron bom in a northnm town in which ha 
folber lirpd. and Ihnl hn wan diwcnnd<Hl frum 
a r«apuctable family in llainp-'hin!. .\rticJed 
to a London solicitor, he wm taken to a dra- 
matic aohooliand conceivud buuU a (ancyfur 
th<> sto^ tliat in October, or, aeoasdlng to 
anotlior account. May 1717, to company wltb 
Kdwarri Sbuter [I'V.j, he ivi away, and 




juiiieil oil fllmriii'; t«rms a imvulliii;:; com- 
pany ut TiinbridgL-, ivbuiv W tli<." siim of 
fourpetuw li« recited a prologue nnil nn eni- 
logueuid ncleittlKitwoc^nniclcrs of Hamlet 
ond Slinq> in thi" 'Lying l.ovcr' of Ontrick. 
After It ilioft I'SiJMrii-iiw of iw^lina m banu, in 
tlwi enufur- of which (Jimu 1718) ho pinjsil 
in a briiitli 111 Windsor, directed by Ystm, 
bu wuH Bi.'oii bv 0«rricl(, who, oa iLe racooi- 
luendaiion of Vuteti, enf^aged liLm for Drury 
liUie, Uii firai purl was the II«ntl(1 in 
'KiD£ I>eor,' prvsiiiiinlily on 8 OrI. 17-W. 
On IVOcL, wlieii Miiwinjvir'* ' New Wuy to 
Pnv (HJ Ifi-bls' Wttsgivfiii for tbi' finl. liino 
nt Wiinr Lntir. he pinyirf Allwiirtli, tlio oc- 
CMion bcinK diiin^-naouBly auiiouiici.-(l in 
Uio bilk as W firal uppraranci! in iiiiy ctia- 
nwtcr. Sfllmiio iii tlio 'Merclionl •iSW-nicf' 
Ciiitbiu in the ' EmpMvr of tin- if'xin,' 
Truuiun in lIiH 'Sfjulre of Al«i(in,' Tiittoo 
in ■ LetljB," Ch'-rimmil. in ihrr 'Minor,' and 
])ou I'hilip in ' Khc wonlil mi'l ulir would 
not,' follnwod durinB ibi' soason. in wliith 
itt»o lie WBi ibi! original Mnraa In |)r, Jiibu- 
tnti'ti 'In-uc," uiiJ |ilHji>d a purl ill tin- " !It*ii- 
Pi-ok'd C'uptuiii,' a farce miA to b« fooii'l-^t 
on tbe ' Campaiirnf r« ' ofn'tTrf-y. Dnrine' 
lie tumnivr be ployed, with Mr*.' ["ritchnrd, 
llotnco, ni>nrdic1i, Ilnnger, and (hmtgc Kuril- 
well, with much inccciiii, nt Jjil'oIj'b Well 
Throtrc, Itristol. There he was seen by 
Whilt'hcnd, who fonui;d n hljrh eitlamlc of 
hiia. On hi* return In Driiry I.nne Iil- found 
him»elf unnounc-ifd fur (leorin-- Bumni'll. 
I'uriDj; bit ni-cond svuhoii bi;, umoiif; 
othi-r [iiiris. ihi- yoiinf,T.*r Ilrijther in't'omus,' 
Uosse in 'Mstlieth," Claiidio in'Mimb Ado ^ 
about Nolliiug,' anil I'l'nlmnnd in I he 'Tum- 
tiofll,' and wii* llii' oripinni Duke of Atheiu | 
in ■ Ivlwnrii ihr lilnck I'rinee.' by W'll- i 
liiim Kbirli'y, imd V(ih-riii in ihe ■ llomnn I 
Tnther' of" Wbitebend. He iilw) jiluyed I 
in lliu 'Liltlu Frviicb Lawyer' and iho 
■tiiianixb (*umt<^' convcrWd alW Gai'riclc*x 
fueiun inio fnrren. At til" elMc of ibn 
wvuoii liv< Weill with a Mits ('ole, n plenning 
nMn-M, to Dublin. Hi* firsl nppenmnce 
under Sheridim ul llie Suiick AIIl-v Tbeatn! 
Inok pljiro in Sojilember 1710 ib Ruturi^r in 
tlip 'StiBpici'tiw llunband.' E.vcyW lorono 
Bfjwmi. b.'j'ilining in Septemlwr 1 , "iri, when 
b-! will Ihc manager and princi|Mil aetor nt 
the Balh Tlieatn— « fiict unrecorded hv 
Grniwlr— liinK mmiiinrd at Smock Alley 
Tli«iatPi- for eight year*, uiid while thpre n.isi' 
to ilie highest rank iu comedy. Toni in 
the ' ('onwiotu Lover*,' JmvihV in ' Lflvc 
for Lovo,' Mercnijo, Sir Anrl[>>w AffUe- 
obe^k, Autolicua in 'Fbriti-l ond I'nnlito,' 
the Miner, A bol Dromor.DureK'ie, Marplot in 
ttw ' Bu«y Body,' Scrub, l.«rd Luce, Tattte, 

Osric, Trincuto, lago, Butm, and llariei|iiin 
in ibe ' Enpern of the iloon," wen- am-inx 
)ii4 iiarlB. On 3it Oct. ITM he appeared at 
the Crow StrvelTbea1r«a«Trappaati in 'She 
wonli! niid alwi would not.' 

ThndiHii-iillita anddiMcnsioiuof the Ihah- 
, lin thealrm at length drnTnhim back to Drnnr 
hi>appi'atfdonSOct.l7aO. HcbadtireatlyiiD- 
With occasioualvisitii to Dublin or to vountry 
towiu, aud with one ««asoii bt CoventOardm 
and A fcnnimtr viiiit In lli«i nnctnarket, be 
ri'mnined ul Driiry r.ane,of wliicn he became 
I the miiiiiKlny, until 180L'. On hUrMppasr- 
I nnccT ut Dniry I.nnn he wai nccoEapaniet) by 
I -Misj Bilker, El liornpipe daoeer, who Ibeu 
I made lier liri-l nppeanwoo nt Drury Lane, 
lli^ nmrried brr in 17II6, aud abtt rrlircd from 
lliiMln^' i> May \77'2. OciiMt givM a lial of 
Kin^'o character^ which is cnnfeaaedly ttt- 
conipIniA. Nuveriheltwiit Mtendi to nearly 
onoliiiudred and fifty porta, and eoibraoes 
tlio whole rnnit^ of conifdy, from l-'alitaiT, 
Sir IMef Teule, Sir Anthony Alnolute, and 
I'litr. to Bt'ii in ' L«ve for I^^n-e ' and Hcrnh, 
tViim Deni^dick and Sir Harry Wildair to 
ParuiU'S, DobiiJil, and C'loii>n. At Drury 
Liin? King waa,nn31 Oct. I7'i)>. the original 
!4ir Ilarry'd iiervnnt in * High Life b<.'Iow 
Stjiir*,* and on 12 Pre. the original Sa^ntni 
Orooin in Miieklin's ' Lova i^ In Slmio,' Re 
took part during the Mine leanon in lhr> Erst 
production of Mnrphr'n ' Wav lo K.i'p hiio,' 
and ' E\ erv \\'''mnn in her Uumonr, altri- 
liiiti'd !'• Mrri. L*li\'e. Scribblu In Colman'ii 
' Polly IloiieTi'umbe.'Floriin'iiid in Elewke^ 
worth" ' Edjrnr and l^miueliiW'.* Sir Ilany 
It''npl<? in'* 'J»alon«Wif#,'and Cap- 
tain Le Dninh in Itood'ii 'Register OSteo* 
wi-re nUo nmong hill original pnrti in the 
fpiUiJwiiiB scnsrin. Bui not unlilhi* fnrfnmi- 
unceof Ij>rd Oitlehy in ibo'ClandeMine .Mar- 
rlaj^'ufOarriekati'dCuIiDBD.ontiOFeb. 170A, 
wa«tlii^ hijflieM rank allolledtuhin]. Oarriek 
«iniUci1 llip part and nvignf^d it loKinf. who 
neei'prcd ir with reluct once. Onrrick wa» 
plenind wilh hiu conception, and bispcrfono- 
onrct will doclnred In be in ihe Bume prc- 
rminent claM with (iurrick'i llanilei and 
Keinble'H I'oriolanus. In July I7(1U Kinir 
bruki- his I'-'i^, and ivu» unable to net until 
the folio wiiiK XovuinbtT. llisri-piilution nl- 
taimid il» cliitmx on ** May 17.7, when lu> 
waj'tbporiginiilSirl'eli'r'reaxltlin the fiimciiii 
first roprnnpnlnlion of the 'Mrbool for Smd- 
dal.' Of that reiiriiientBl ion it \nt *aid ■ 
ffeiicniiion Inler tlinl ' no new perfomu-r haa 
et'cr appeared in any •-•f the principal eho- 
raclem thai vtan not infer'ior to ihe pe(w>n 
wbo acted i> ori^nally' (Obsbst, v. fiSS)- 





KinjT kIm ■pfA" OnrrirkV ^nlogva. On 
•jn (Id. 1779. in thi! •coriH'lv Um famouii 

i>;iii«l cut of th<! ' Critic,' Rin^ was I'lilf. 

lli.T rinirinni rhnractcrs, lo the nunluT of 
kIi-iiiI >~i;:)ity. whirl) li>r took B I Prtiry LailV. 
■nil Dt-arlv all •>{ which were of iirimnrT iin- 

Crtiiiio-.'indu>!" M**1i in Colmsn'ft ' MiUicnl 
Illy.' rmttlc id hi« ' J>eiic>; is in Hitn,' 
<|Mitcr in hi* ' Ivn^IiaU Mi-rchnnI,' niifiia 
'ubni-k in bii ' SpIiTj-n,' Khiifpiv in 5Ir«. 
iluiniUii'* iH-jJjirrrirl piirc. ■ Thti Diipp,' 
<tlib in Ciiwriek's ' A Pi-op Iwliiud ihu Ciir- 
tsin '•^irhidi, on the strvn^li of tlie line 
apoliva b_v Kin?, 

I, ThaauB King, of Kiag Sttccl, am tl]« poei, 

trm* tiyr Mtmn limn nuitnio'l '<> t'l'* ocInT— 
C«nl in Ki'llr'« " l-nl» UnlicnoT,' Dr. Cant- 
wvll ill ll«' ' (I>-poiTitc,' tlickerKtaSi'i nltcm- 
tioa of tlic 'Nonjuror,' Miiskato in Kunriok'a 
' "n* inO it's M irone,' Belcour in Cumber- 
Luul'a ■ Wwt IiKlinn,' MorlJmm iii liiv ' Fn- 
■liioaatila Lov«t,' (ivn-.Tiil Savh)^ in KellvV 

»^ Sdiiml for Wit™,' Nlirhtahailp in fii» 
PCbolftric Man,' Jack lliiilin^ in hin 'Na- 
knnl Son,' floA-nm or Tom jxnt in hi* ' Wheel 
of foriiine,' Sir John Trolley in (Janick"* 
' BiMi Tim,' Sir Uilvi Muwiir.iy in his ' Fint 
l>oTp,' Sir Giyip->' nnneuiir iu Fi<?liiiiig"s 
' Fathew.' «ra.i.i' in Mre. Cowlt^fV ■ Who'* 
tlifDnf?' Sir Cloiiipnl Mint in tliirgovno'* 
' Heirw,*,' Don Alexis in Mtv. Cawlcy's 
• ScImni) for fSivyhi'iT'U,' ftalirirl ia Itol- 
cnkfl'a ' SniiiK-ririn,' Sir Pniil I'mnifk in ICd- 
warJ Jlorri»'« ' Fiilw CiJmir*,' Sir Adnm 
Ctmtmt in iin. Ineliholirii ■ Wrddin- Day,' 
the Fiml in " Vorlijp-m.' Bir Soliimnti ("riiip 
,10 ICpynoMi'i ' Will,' Sir Marmiuliik'- Mu.^iiti 
(a lloan-'s ' Iit'liniTi'lioii,' and Sir Valuntiu" 
^'atmif ill ' 1 'Bill iiiiu bit- FripnJs.' 

Totb'-*!- laiiit U> »>t<l>'il tli« purlx ho Jtlnynd 
[in hi« own pioc<v. ' l.nvn nt Fml Sit;hl,'n 
tnit Trrr liriltiant hnUnd-fariM, br him (Hro, 
1 17*W), wan 8«wl nt llriirv Lano on 17 Oct. 
J ITfiS, King plarini; in it ^atl«r, it wrvont 
I wliii iH-i^'iialni lii* mut«r. In a short pn'- 
[.faco Kill): »y8 il was ront^irtul, wrlltcn, 
1doliv<>r<il In tlw Dinnagera within tifltwn 
^aiid t)<H:l<-ctalondiltluitilwa«^rffntt«n 
thin n iteaiUr »paon. * Wit** l-aM Ktakn ' 
<8vo, 17<KI), hi* Hxoai farca,waD (ti^i"! ■*! 
brnry l^tit- on II \pfil J7IM, It ii" nn 

li'laplaliini of ' I^- L^sntairr Ijiiirurwl' of 

IKi^nnl, and iln grcut niicoiwi wa* dii(> lo 
Kioji'ii rradtng of Ibe part of Martin, the 
CH«]iin of t]i« ori^'innl, a B«Tr«iit who p#t<- 
•Otutoa a man Mipnown] to bi^ dyiiiir, and 
dielAlm a will bv which ho hiniM'l'f hxnnltts. 
T'li'l-r Ihf^ litk of ' A WiU and ii« Will, at 
^ViI'■ l,ail Stakr,* it w i«vir*d on 21 A|inl 
1796 for King'a beaelit, on which occuion 


Kin^wa«^rthv inTalid.nnd I)aiini»t«r, 
jun., Martin. 

(iprm tbo dnatb of NVillliua I*ow*II [q. v.] 
Kin); bouiiKt liii aharv in the Kinji bircst 
Thuutrv, ul vrbii'h diiriii); the summer aMitona 
of Ii'O and 1T7I hi.- vra« actor and aole 
manager. IIa ibi'u Mild his shaiv lo Janw 
Willjam Dodd [q. \:\ mJ purcfansed of tlie 
bnildnr for D.flOO/. ibtoo-Iburtlw of Sadler's 
WkIIs, in wbieli he wu natociatvd iritli 
.Vni'iM. Hu luadR lunao changM ia Ihopor- 
f<>nnAtu.'«i,rui9i''lihL-prieM0f admissiun. uiul 

providi-d bonr palrult, tO {Ttunl throufb tbu 
dan^roud diuricl the fMlil[>uabl« viaitora 
whom he attracteiJ. His jiriowi tUrve sbil- 
llairs boXM, nigbtwQpcnco pit,and a stiilliiig 
gBller}r,cntiU«l tbn TiMtgr to roMivo a pint 
nf wino at an addod coat of abcponca. In 
1778 Kinffaoliil h!a aluuv, and wiw ■ueewilod 
by \\'mURliton. As succMtor to Qarrick bo 
wcu i^lrctfd. on 14 Fi-U I'ltt, uuulr^rof iho 
Drury LunH Theatrical Fund, and held the 
office until Scpii-mliT l>'>'^.wlu'n,onM)cept- 
nncc of ihn iniinnjinmrnl cif Drury Lane, liv 
rmignt'd il, tlm diwharci: of ibn f<inclioiu> of 
Ihn twooflicMb(-in((lii;U ini^ompnlihlc. His 
oamiTiKii as nti actor wtro nt Ihnt limn 7001. 
a Ttiar. ABiauniLp^randHctorhr found tbem 
tvdiieed tu Mil. til/. lOd., bi^iaa ontx^i^'htlt 
tbareoftlieprofltii.hig pinnrnttv-J ruuium/ra- 
iion. In .lunvl'i^l.accoiJinicly.he laid down 
bis function* and iMiMd an addr«««, dated 
frnm n^rmrd Stroct, in wbic-b he cna tradicted 
n riimiur thnt he waa about to ivtir* from 
tbo «tagf, thoitffh he admitted it woa ■ barrijr 

Somible' be mifrhl not act at l>ruTj' Lano 
urin;; ihe comtng snaMiii, llv is nitid, ac- 
cordiiL^-ly, ta liare actwl at E<linhur|fli uid 
(ilujifoin' as well as In Uiiblin. Mr. Jamea 
C. iKbdtn, tlie historian of llwt Edinburfch 
Binge, UttKt not mnntion hia ptt>»eiicv in this 
ynr. and *pi-nk* nf hi* pcrfonuonco of Lord 
( on -J" -Murch 1.S8 n* bi* lir«I np- 
pi-iinmi;i' in Ediobiirfcb. In Oct<ibi-f 17S.1 it 
wiu> uiiiirjiinci.-d in ths iiewBj)npi.-ri< ibut Kiii|t 
was not cunnwtpi) with Tlic> niaiia;,'i-tncDl of 
Ilriiry I.une, but that bis abilitim and limt( 
Burvieo inil'icml lhnnianaeiMn«ntlOuir«'hini 
for hi* perforTnanci*, ailiicts and attriilioii a 
Tcrv liberal ulary, xlaled to tt> I,'20lV., but 
in fiu^t nnlya thouaundpiinna*. II" deli vn rod 
nn hi* n-appcaraiKv an addroaa in rrtw. by 
CiimbcrlBnd. Iu 1 785 he neenu to Ua»f ni- 
aumed bii inATiDgvmenl of Drury Luiie, oad 
is aaid to hav<# Men responsibldi for tbe eitc- 
ceasful pantomime nf that jr«ar,' Hurl vltiirly, 
or Ibe Fairy of the Wi^il,' for wliicli fi" 
rMoivnl IBS). In Siiptemliec 17^ be «^n 
roaiffncd tbe manafirmcnt and hi* connec- 
tion with the theatre, ausouncinK &■ bio 
rvuon, in an expUnalioa wliidi appealed on 




13Si?pt.. tliut his HUtlirinly liad \w?n uoTuinal 
rallipr lliaii ri'iil. Of SluiriJuu, who wo* nii- 
tUoriBed to npRotUle with liim, lin spnlio 
pIoftnanllT. but "iiid That wlion nppoinlmentj 
were mridn lio found SlnTi'livn 'in n erent 
hurry OP jiirround'-d by mmpnn^,' until hi* 
patience bcinRi-xliumlcd he wrote re!im|vi;6!i- 
ing kit POffii^'miMic in uU its pnrls. atiJ, r»r 
fear of beiufi^ iiiiiucud lu rLi^on^idvr his lie- 
UTuiimiil'wi, left U'lrn. On 30 Nnv. IT^fO he 
niad«, a* Tiiucli>t'iiti<. hie firtt apjjunrance at 
Cijv^iit (innJnn, nnd th* Mm* even'injjF wnn 
Ihn orieinul Sir Jnhn Trotlnv in ' linn Ton." 
Aftnf plnjin^ "ovi-rpil of hi« bt»t-I(ni)wn rhrt- 
rncion, hi- nppiinTi'd for hi* bi-nclit on 2 Fuh. 
17K0 lut SiincUo iii ' l^vi-ra' (JuttrrclEi,' an 
ulterution. attnliiit>jd ti) himst^ir, of Vaii- 
brufrli's -Mintaiio.' On 2a Uot, ITOO, aa 
Lord i.tKli-by, lie »eiii>petirv(I ui I>niry Lane, 
and during ilie rcbuildine of i.lie ihentre vent 
with t1i« coupling 10 thi' llnyinnrlict Opnra 
ilovn. On '} \ag. 179J ho pliirrd nt th« 
naymiirket FuUtall" in thu ' Fir*t I'urt of 
King HeniT I V," und on thu S3rU wn»HL-iierttl 
Toucbu-ii'.nl ill 'Crow PurliiOT*,' a uoniedy 
uunomiced as by n loJy. In September ITC^ 
he rejniiiptl ibn I'rury Lane compnny, thou 
pinving nt tbi> llDTmnrltet. nnd in Mnrcli 
17^4 apppnmd with thr'in nt thoir nnwly 
built homi'/whcn- hn ri'mniiicd till the close 
of bin career. On H 1 Mny 1602, for his Inst 
Imunlil. King pUyi'd hi* jtrent oluiniclRf of 
Sir I'flc-r ToQilu. At thn dan: he spoke, 
uiaidHl livi^lydemonnlrationiioriivmpBlhv.fln 
addtvM wr'itti^n for bim by R. Cumberfniid. 
Wliv<u,niiiLdi e\liuuitL'd,he reached tliegreen- 
rooiu,Mr«. Jordan preMtitedhiw witliaailver 
cup worth a Intmirod gtiineitf, aubtcribod for 
by tlui comnnny. Aroiind thi> rim wrTc nn- 
Kravod thtt lini-* from ' Kin^f Henry V " (ncl 
V. IK. 21, ' If ha be not fellow with thf bent 
bint;, thou shall ttud ike beot king of good 

About 17A.t King lud a villa al Ilamiy- 
ton, nnd wns nt that data robbed hy liiyli- 
vrnymon on hia jiiumov home. He took 
1(1 gitmbliiiii in middto life, with diiiutmnii 
n'»uIl«L Oup niRht, wbi-n lie hud mcovercd 
2,O0U/. of hia heiivy loise*, be tiindi^ un oalb, 
in tlie pruience of (larrick uud hia wifc<, that 
k« woulil never tooth dice acruin. Tbi* lie 
kiipt until the death of Garrick. In 176o he 
ent^reil hia name nt Milm's Club in St. 
JnmM'«SliOot. ShortlvaftnrwnnUhi'yii'ldnd 
to tlioold tamptntion, lost oU hi» anvintr^wns 
cmnpelled ta forc^to a proponxl piirchaje of 
a dliaru in Drury Lane, to sell tiis villa ut 
Hampton, nud remove lo a house iu Store 
SirtM. Therv he died on II Dec. 1^5. 
On lh(r 30th ha WU buried in the vault of 
6t. raulV, Coveot (lardeti. His pull-bearcrft 

included Pope, Uoody, Wruugkion, I>aliner. 
Powell, H. Stddone, and olhcr ooton. A 
beuolll for Mra. King followed, and broughi 
n respectable addition to a limited tnootne. 
8hn diad on 30 Nov. 1810. 

Apart from hi* incapacitf lo rrtiirt. the 
t<?mptation to Knmbling. King wo* a worthy 
and nn honoumbb mnn. llnviei (five* him 
e.vumplnrT^'euloKy: ■NummieverexcTtMllii* 
abiliiieh to greiLler satiftfnction of lli« pvblio, 
or coii4tilled the interetta of bts «mp]oyMa 
with more cordialilr and wwiduiiy. . , . 
Booth '» cbnmcli'r of the gTitnt o^^lnr. Smith, 
may bn npplifid with jiuiico to Mr. King: 
'•Ur hii impartin] mnnnt^mont of the Mag* 
nnd the alViibilitt of bi.i t«n|M.T he meritod 
thi! tesjM'ct nnd «teem of all within the 
theatre, (h'> applause of thos? irithotil, and 
the goodwill and lovo of all mankind"* 
( Dram. Mitf. iii. Xi 2). Dlbdin lilti>nf^Kini;tO 
PrAville n« regnrdu hia performance of raloU, 
and odd*: ' Kin^ ii n riF^fnrmi'r who hu 
thrown novfilty into old chnruelpr*. coiue- 

I qiwnci! into new, and nature into all' (UUl. 

\ o_f the St<t;/e,\.^lli). Of bin HC(ing,a* of hia 

: life, he says that integrity \» itie guiding 
principle, and he credits Kiugwith theeier- 

; ci»p or benevolence, good humour, and «Terv 
other iiiiTi'd virtii''. ilnxliti doaeribra hu 
acting in Inter lifn nJ leitving 'a tiwlu on thn 
polatn iihnrp nnd iweei liken <|iiinc'i*; with an 
old, hard, routih, withered face, like a John* 
apple, puckered Up Into u th'xisind wrinkles, 
with ulirewd hint* ond tart replies;' be 
woa 'the real amorous, wheedling, or hasty, 
choleric, peremiilury old g>rnitiiiinn in Sir 
Peter Teazle and Sir Ant lumy Absolute; wkI 
tIui iriio, that ii^ tli>< pri-Icnded, clown in 
Tonrli*tonn,with wit *pi'niiiii!g from biahvsd 
like n pair of m*'* car*, imd folly iierched on 
liii cnp like the horin-d owl.' CliurvbiU 
sotiriao* King in hi* cusloinary foaliion for 
sbnmeluttneM acquired in Ireland. 

His oounlenauce is said to have been eoc- 
pre«flive of benignity and of orcbneM, his 
action slow, his voice musical. In method of 
fpnech ha wna HitirentiousconvayingalwairM 
on idea of i-pigmra. Ho win C'lnsequf-nlly 
mrnl in rcqucat ofnny aetor for the deliverv 
of ]irolagues, epilogues, and occasional a<l- 
drwsL's. Kingwaji also a fair singer. Be- 
sides the pieces mi'nlioued, the'S«crel His- 
tory of the (Jreeii-Rnom ' <Ti»dit« Him Willi authorship of nn interiuda called ' A 
Dramatic Oglio' (*ie\, which wan receivml 
with much nivour. He alio tvoited, at hi* 
benefit nt Drury Lnnu on 21' April 1788, 
' Kilty Connollv and Jack the Painter," ver- 
sified by liimxelr. King kept a dlarr, now 
unirnceabl^, in which were prseerreJ soma 
curious facts concerning Sbpridan'a maoag^ 





rithilrnw, n |inmpli1<.<C cnlloii " A Wonl 
AT l«0 »t raninK, or n LvTlrr lo It. It. 
Shcridui, Etq.,' ice, and wu Htlior fund . 
of iddnMBf^ tlic puUie upon bb |[ricT>Dci!«, 
reil or ioMipiuify. Some Ictt«n of bu in tli« 
*Q«nick Com«i>oiiiSeii« ' show lliat, tliouifli 
bii reUtioB* witli derrick wurv frii-iidly, 
then were ocM«ionii1 diviwgeiices of iiiT«- 
rwta or opinion. Othn lotUTs apponr in 
lh« 'Uuiu«r'« Nni<t.]Vir>k ' cantriDiiIiid to 
tbo ' New Mont kly Moguino.' 

(Workicitwl; Gtnoat'i Acoonnt of ilidSliigii; 
BioitniEifain DrsnMtlca ; Thonlan Dlclioonrj: 
TltnUMit B-o^npfcy. 17*3 i Hulitt* Dmnniio 
Emt*] Dnttoa Co^'i ilonn will] lh« flnym ; 
Clark BMMdl'i ttninwntitiivo Aclon i Omnu- 
tlcOlBwr. I;T(>: Mnnthl/ Mirror, TBTJoOijeats: 
ThMlriral Iniiaiiiior, mrioiit y«*r«; Rvmard'* 
ItMoJIccliotw ; life of F. RojnoUi; O'Keotro'ii 
ItMol!*H>uu> : Jnakiut'i llriilol SlAgci Dildia'a 
I'AiitibiifgbSla^-i: titvixiKn Em.) J. K. 

KINO. WTLI.IAM (1634-1(»0>, mu«- 
cian. bom in ltli'4, snn of tiwitup Kin(t. (ir- 
gwniHof WindimlerCnlhcdriiljWiisftclmiltoJ 
l&t8,|[ndimi»lIt.A.r>Juntf I619.aiidin HK,2 
irna pn>cnot»l (o a cliaplnini^v «t Af«edalen. 
*Thi< be belli until ib Aug.'UlM, wWn hn 
becABM ■ Mobatioii«T>fullaff of All KouU' 
Oalle^ Be vru iacorporat«i] 31.A- at Cam- 
bridg« in 1UV>. On lODec. I6M h»»-a« ap- 

R>inl«d tacowMr to Pickowr an ortpuiitt nf 
«w Collrgo, to pftaido nrtr Ibo new orjtan 
ibnoat a Htlnrvof GOf.ayeM'. He oonliuuei] 
or(iwii» until his ilraib on 7 Nor. 1U80. He 
w(u biuvn) in Xi-w CoUtMcliMtlen, where a 
Lalia inMriptkin miuka bu^ve. 

KingeoAupoted afull temco in nflai,nnd 
aonw uuiwou, pnwrvrd among tbo Klmv 
MSS. M Ike DodlMoa. He hIm »t to tauoic 
Camlaj't ' MuHntM,* umlor tlie t it li>, ■ Vovm* 
of Mr. CowIpt «nd oib"-t», composed into 
Sonm Ukd Avrm. with Tborougrb Bwee for 
the Tbeorbo. lIupMcol^ or BoMe-Violl,* Ox- 

fold, leee. foi 

[BIcun'M ll»ti. Rex. il. AO, 1»; VomUt't 
AlwBni Okw. laoO-Wifi Hawklui'i lli«l. of 
Unue. r. 23 ; Groro'i Diet, of Mniic. i*. fi7 i 
Brown'* Did. of Jluiio, p. MO.] T. S. 

KINO. WILLIAM. D.C.L.(lfl«3.17IS), 
miicell&n^iuA writi-r. bwii in 1R6-1, ira* tbr 
M>a of Eiekiel King, f^ntlemnn, of I.ondon, j 
trtmi wboa lie inb^ritcd a ntnall estate in | 
MiddlaMix. InbiB'AdnmkjiA'be neoliaiu i 
hi* gTMt-trruidfatber, a mercbanl named Ln 
Hatl«,Mid hi* eoiuin llnrcouri ; and be had 
•OBW connection with the llvdu family. In 
1078 he wu ndmitted a »cbolar of Wrattmin- 
•t«r,aadn->ii.-l*5ci>.-d)tuden[ of Cliriii Church, 


Oxf.-nJ. wbet* be matriculated on 16 Dec 
\mi. Ou8Dec. leeShepnduaiedB-A.asa 
fmnd compounder, proce>-dlnj;M.A. on UJulv 
ii!S8, and n.C.L. and If.C.U 7 July ItlSS. 
He narl.T bi«-ani« fond of demiltoty reading. 
In IttttS be joined Hdirud Hannee [q*T.} ui 
' Redectiont u^n Uons. Varilla*** Htrtory 
of Ueren,' chiellr in doGlMico of WyclifT*. 
About 1690 he publishi-d uu nmuaine ' Dia- 
logue bImwIoj; ihe way to Modem i'n>r«r- 
ment.' In Novembw IdSi be obtained • 
flat from Arebbiebmi TiUoImii udmiiting 
bim nn ndcncatr at Doctor*' Comniniis. Me 
continiipd to usu bin talent* a* a biitiiorv>iiB 
writer upon tbi.- side of tbe tanrv and high 
cburchpurtr. lu lUSShecontribulodapam- 
pblet ii> tlie fuiiioua riberloek eontroveray 
(Me MA(-*i:i.tT, IlUt. obnp. xv'ti.) In 1604 
he publi*hiKl ' Aniniftdrenians' on tb« m- 
cniint of Drniniurk, by Robert (aflcrvnrda 
Lor<I) MotivwoTlb 'q.v.l.aMniod whig, who 
bad attacked th« i)uii*u iiyvUtii of gorem- 
meni. Tbi* Itaniab enrny supplied mntMiall 
to Kiii^, and lie reo«ivo<l tbe thank* of tlw 
imt*er»ity of Copetiba^n. Prince OeotHO 
of Ilenninrk aUo obtained bin 8p[)ointn)ent 
M •ecri'tary to the PrincnM Aniie^ 

Obarle* lioylo, in tbe book comaiciiily 
called ' Borlu upon Ili-nitny* [sra ttoder 
BEyrLEr. Kickakd. lt»U lf4L'). tnenttotu 
an interview between [tniilry nnd a book^ 
M'ller Dt wblcb Kinji waa pn>ii'nt,iind irivw 
a lettvr Iroin Kiu^ dep-rribinn Briilti'v'i in* 
M>lenc«. Iti-utlrvnTlncLudKiii); in bisfnmou* 
*l>i«»ertntion' (1609) ; and iu tbe tnine rear 
appeared ' A Snort Areonnl of Ih*. l)enTley'« 
Iliimiinily and JuMiee,'with a eecond lettOT 
from King tn Itoyle. King probably garv 
oibiT help (<i Uovk', nnd, acrordijig to Pone, 
n» rr^Kirtt'd by XVarburton, eoiitribiilKd tUe 
droll ttTjfuinenl to prori' that Bcnttry wag 
not tlie KUtbur of I be ' Uii^'rtalion ' and tho 
index (lAllrrt /rem mt Etnmmt Prrlatf, 
l^i(H>,p. II). King'^'Dialogiieaoftberit-ad,' 
]tKli>, one of bi* ci«ren»t produclioiu, at- 
lacb* DoDili'y in a aerio* of i«ti dialoguee. 

Another Tprycbamcleiiwic work appeared, 

IirolinblT nfew montlmpiirlierthnn thn ' Pia- 
ogupa of the Dead.' Thin woa ' A Journey 
to London in the year USDS, Aflcr tin- in- 
KVniouH method of that made by Dr. Martin 
Liftter to Paria in ilie oame year. Written 
orijiiiialtT in I-'rrnch, by >lonMeiir SorbiJte, 
and newly tmnalatod into MngliOi,' lOW. 
Tbi»wa*n travesty of n very reoi-nt bnofaunoti 
Pariiiby Klortin Lister [a. r.] Sorbittv bad 

{iiblinlied II miich>abusca bonk of trarcla iti 
W1and(10&l),aiidKiiiK' adopts lbi>namo to 
inainuato a eompanson belni>iii tb<^tr style*. 
llethoujcbtUiia hii beetwork.and deicnbed 
many of his 1st«T writinga oa ' by ih« author 

of "A Journi-y lo Lwi-lon."' A jkhmti.'TIio 
FumieWrv.' wiui pnlilishoil in IfilHl, iind 
OlJi^N wn riirut III I'll in maiiuHTiiil. In 
1(00 King puMiihi-J ucouymcimlv ' T!k« 
Trail Murti.ini-r, witli snnn? of lil« I'iiilosophi- 
oal Fniicit-i, iit two l>uil<j(,'iii.'ti,* n salire iipuii 
tjir liana SIoiitk;, who ttlitnl rhe 'Trausac- 
tiima' v{ the Huval Sijeii-lv. In 1701 King 
ilBfpn(leill]ififrii?U'l lli-'Kflt'lnf AiiRlMPoiiinn 
iiclion for ptcparnl ioii brought Iw lh« coimli-.M. 
_ilo is Miici to linv" *liowii nhitilv in «pite of 
liis iimiiil indolencp. DircKlly nftfrwnnls li* 
wnn upiininlfd jucl|(i- of llip ndminilty court 
in In-liind, uud, us ii]'|iL-ur» by n letli.'r in llip \ 
Itriiiflh Miiniiiiii \A'M MS. 2h(*87. f. a6il>. ■ 
u-a» in Irelnnd liy 13 Nuv, 1701. Ho prn- 
biiblv obtiiiiifvl liii' )"Uil tliroiigli th<> infln- 
i-iici-of til" Knti of iEoctn'*tT, lord-!ii-ilti"nnnt 
fpoiii 1700 Ii> I'Vlininry I7()3. or c)f I'pin- 
brijll.', ihr-ii Inrd liiifli ndinirnl, (n vrllosi- »cm 
he nfli'rwnrd* Jt-dit-ult'd liis ' MiBfi-llBnii-s.' 
On 10 Jin. 1703 Km- wnUe lo JoUn Elli*. 
M.l'., bi'gjjiiip tUiit. iiTi oriler nii^ilil bi- *••"! 
10 Hnt-itr iiiiii, ilnliiv lii'in^ cnimcil hy t)\i> ob- . 
stinofv of n Scnllish Inrd mnvor, in wlinio 
hnndN wns liis (commission. Kinn tilsn oshml 
ICIlin to sunporl his ri^itirsl fir the |iost 
(whicih bo obtiiinydt of vicar-genern! of Ar- 
mnRli (I'fi. SftSSK), f. 17|. King wns liki?wiBi? 
•ole oaminiBBionvr of llie priic^, liul H;>]iear» 
totutveneglecwclaUhiadiitti-s, M'MIf idling- 
Bt Mounlown, near Dublin, the house of hi> 
friend Judge I." pton.lw'wriHv' Midly -if M'"iii- 
town,' Mnlly beinir the rpii oow ilmf fur- 
nislie'l him wilhmilli. It wnx miimpiitionsly 
piiljlishwl in 1704. tojrntbor with iinoihpr 

[((■■ni/nfjihi-iH nnd Eurydici-,' n» ihn ■I'niry 
'pn*t.." hinji nrprintpd tin? jHwrni. iwii'Mitii; 
that itiiiy buj nri hiddvn mi'iiuiiiK. and nddi'd 
'tiomi' RpuiiirkB on Mm Tali- of ii Tub,' 

In I70ri, ora litll^ Inl^r. Kiiit.' pitbli«1ii'il 
B collpctioti of ' Mi»ei'll.inirt.' On Hi Jim n 
1707 hf vriw iipnoini'-d lipcpcr of ibo nToi^Iii 
in the Ili'rniinRbnm Tow^r ul Dublin {'iinth', 
but. ri-»ignfd im l!H Nov. ( L.*scki,i.i;-, Li'lirr 
Mtinrrum Pvblieonrm Iltlfmitr. Itfl'l, ]'t. li. 
p, 7^11. Probahtr KinK-reCiirnrd to EnjtlnTiJ 
■I lhecloa"of ]707. Tt. wt^ii«lhHt hehml by 
ibis limit upcnt. bin private fortune, and bsrl 
notliinffto My upon rxrnpt hi"»tnd«nl«hi)>nt 
Chri«t ( 'huriph. I n I'Vbriinry 170SI.IntolpBid 
bim SS/.Tij. for 'Till- Art of L'ooUcry, in iraitii- 
lion of lIoriiCL-'* Art of I'oL-try; willi ■omn 
LfttoM to Dr. Liatpr nud olhi-r». orca^irmM 

IirinciiHiIly by Ibu tit.ti> uf u bouk jiublisbiil 
IV tlio Doctor, being ibc Work* of Apiciua 
Cniliuft, connf-ming tbu 8rnip« and Jnihci.ui of 
the Ancifint*.* It wnn piibllnhnd in tbo f<d- 
lowing moDlb without dat>> {Dtiili/ (hunmt, 
13 March I7CM*l. Two sjiurioun «(litioii«i of 
Uu« dinusiot; poom, perhaps bin bc«t work. 


njipi^n'd, atid it. iroi cnanvly ftlucktHl in ' Ai' 
l.rtlor to l)r. W. Kins, oci'iuiontj \ry bial 
Art of Cflokpn-.' In Fi-bmnry 170S) Lititoc | 
paid KinRSlJ/.'fM. for 'Tile Art of I^iT*,' in 
imitation of Ovid, bat di-aling wtUi ' inncw 
cent undvirlnouH ' love, ifivit nlway* irilbin 
modern kiiindi of propriety. 

In 170!i> appetir<^ nlxo ib'r atnuntw ' Cw- 
fal TrnniiactionH in I'hil'iik.ipby nt)d other 
•ortJ" of IxiBfning,' irhii-b were ' to be am' 
tinned monthly, aa Ihi-r «dl.' Three puta 
iipuenrL-d. for eaeh of which Kiufr iwoeived 
only o/. Thc'tc- 'TmnMCtioiia' nro n parody 
of the ' Philoaopbitcnl Trail snctioitfi,* and lb« 
tliird part s^n Mtirisw Sloanu. Tb« ■ Mo- 
moire of Martin Scriblwnt ' probably owo 
«oinn hinlfl to thi* bonk. 

King aiipportrd Iho high cbatvli party in 
tin- SnebovrrcU «iotrovw»y by several paiD- 

Chleti, including 'A Ftieiidly I.«ttor ftiiia 
onMl Tom Boggy to the Ri^v. Mr. floddard. 
Cnnon of WiniJiior;' 'A Secoiul Ijiflter to 
Mr. QcHldard, ocfMUioned by tlio lnt>- Pmiii^ 
. Byric given him by the,' 1710; 'A 
Vindication of tho llvv. I>r. Saclipvprcll," 
1711 (in which Kinj;Wiii)a)ui>tnlby CharUa 
I.Bmbo of <"brirt Church, und probably hy 
Sncbcvrrellhinaclfl;' -Mr. BinieiB Iteca'nta- 
; ltan,inn Letter to t lie llev.Ilr. Henry Sscbe- 
verell,' 171 1 ; and ' An .\n«weT to a MConJ 
si-undBl'iu» Rduli Ibnt Mr. Biswtt IS now 
I writing, (o be published ai booh aiposcible.' _ 
I King contribnied to the early ni)niber» of ■ 
I the ' Examiner.' Hlarled in AngiiM 1710, but 1 
' il is not knovrn thai bo bad any connoclinn 
j with tho papor aft+'r Swift undertook Iho 
I miinngfiHiPiit nf it in Noviimbej. 
I .\l tb<- '■nd of 1710 King pnbliilivd hU 
' IlLitoriuiil Aceount of the tlenthen Hoilt 
I find llcroei/ n cnmpilulion wh^ch wax iiaed 
in ticlioulft fur many yean, aii'.t for which tho 
auilior was paid 'lOI. In 1711 lii' wr>ii» a 
bitter attack nponlhePiikoof Marlborough, 
which wns piibliihed Uio in Uie ywir, with 
ibcdnto 1712, pnIitlod'R»fin(i«,or«n Ui»- 
toricid ICwuyonlbpfnvoiiritdMiniiilry uinlcr 
Thi'odoiiiiK nnd his sun .\rcHdini',' with a 
IKiein, ' Kiifinuit, or the Favourite,' anneteil. 
n IWeniber 1711 King, on Swift'* recora- 
nifiidntiiin. wns ajipointeil to f>tei»lp 
in the iMiat of gnwlleer. King luid hivn in 
grcnt difilcnltio*. (inv, writing I'orliivr in 
the yenr, siiy», in'Tliei'roiiinl State of Wit,' 
thill Kiij;r iif»cn-pd hrllpr than to ' Inngiiiah 
out thcKniiillmDainderofbia life in tho Fleet 
I'riiwn.' Swift, in the 'Journal to Stella' 
(ID Dec.), (jMNvk* of King II* a 'jioorstaniiig 
wit;' but on SI D»c. mention* the appoint- 
ment totlie'Oauitle,'whiehlievaliie«Bi300/. 
ayiHir. FleiftfTWnrds (S Jan. 1 711-13) l<nlla 
.\ivbbieliop King 'that it will bowonhSStM. 






W mniium to him if bo bi> diligent nml wibor.' 
[inir. bowxver, w*> incapnbti' of diligpncu. 
CfiiKi tlic influx of an iinuEiml ammmt of j 
•tier lie b»d to »il up till thnwor four, 
. Iho morning to cjrrrct tlii- proofe. K.\ng 
IbvrHoK K«iKIled thu uflin ou 1 Julv 17IS. | 
On the «UB« uav Lintot paid biiii J/. Ik. IW. ' 
for tlt« ■ Um^ 'Misoi'llantes Purt iLo Ftnt,' 
c'lntaintng tlic trngi-com^dy of * Joan Af 
IlfvliD^iin' and an * Accnunt of llntmef't 
bnhaviour during liin iitay at TVinitv (IhHpjti' 
in L'^mbridp.'.' In A«ii(it*thepublwli«l»imt- 
rerws, 'Britain's I'uHBdiuni. or Iioid Bo- , 
lingbfoko's Welcomt from Franc*.' 

During llie Butuiner of 1712 King lived in 
■ fhend's boiLWbelwoon Lambeth nnilVaiix- 
linll. Ho vi«tpd hiH frir>nd»in l^oiidon, '>*p^ 
rially hi* p-lnlion Lord Clarendon nl So- 
tnrrK-l llmiitr. In tho autumn liin hi-altli 
grrw w(ir». CltKndnn liod him conveyed ! 
'21 Vve. to a lodfpni|f apnoait« Sniiu.'r«i-t 
■>U!ic. Tliul nif;ht he madu bi« will, bv 
liichhi'a[>point»ILits»i8t«rr,Elinib»iliKing, I 
ite fixecutnx and raidiiary l«^Ieo ; and on | 
follitwing day bo di«d. On ^ Doc. h» 
WM buriod in tho nnrtfa cloiati-r of Wnatmin- I 
•ti^r Abbey. King trenu to hnro boon nn- \ 
'ly rrli;<ioui and iiior*! in hi* life, tlir>Uj;h 
ivon to oomaion*! conviriBUly. I'oiw tolO 
^n] Burlinj^ton io 1710, ' I n-member Dr. 
Kinjt would write vtrrten m a tavBm ijiiwe 
houn aSttr be oauld not «p«ak.' He Home- 
tlmM taid itl-naiorT'd things, but wu» ^no- ' 
nity amiable and M»T-goingr. ]lt« ' Advor- 
•ana'pranslbowidtfa of lu» Moral rt-ndinff, 
nd ha «!U certainly well ahillrd in law. A 
ploainic * Pindnrich (Me to the memorv 
r Jh. William Kiaf[* appeared after lii« 

Many of King's wrilinfrs were published 
mynMMuly.andMmcwithouldale. Among 
ho mracBts loft hy littn arf^ an ' K«t«r <>ii 
Svil tfovitmBiont' (ropWntt'^ by I^. John- 
Wi in l77iS),and ' Crapnlii.'lniniliiiliH] from 
loa>?ph Ilnll'a'Mundn* alter ct idem.' KinA 
Irrnle aUu »eTi!nil pnpcni for Ifairii'io'a con- ' 
linualion of the 'Tatler,' and a ft^w soni^ 
and Iati« in vursc, which arv of littl- viiluv. , 
(>t>e of theM, 'Apple Pye,' was printed in 
'TlsNonbora Atalantis,' 1713, and in llie 

II '*''' 

Ibllawiof TMr it waa included in Ilill'i cil- 
Isctioo Of ' Original Pooo* and 1'ntntln- 

iooa.' Kinc in bix narly yMtni irjn«taird 
ID hooka fma the l-'roni^h, and wu one of 

tiknaUtoni. from the I'rvnpli of De la 

Croix, of 'ThflVruan an J tlie Turkish TaUvJ 
emnpttat,' published iu 1711, hnviu)* begun 
tha work, a« the dedication eUtM, at the 
nquMC of Lad? Tbtodmia Blye, baroneM 
of Clifton. In 1 7<t^ King** ■ IComain? ' wt^ro 
puUi^bod, with an B<»oiUil of his life, and a 

dodication to lv>nl Urrery: and in 1731 
tliey ware editinl a» ' Po«lhunious Work*,' by 
Jnseph Browne, M.D. A jwrlroit, nngrarcd 
by J. Vandr^Kht from a pninlinL* bv llel- 
low, wa* pr^xi-d to both cfiHwti'.'u's. In 
1770 the ■ Original Work* ol' Williuin Kins. 
I.h.P.," in ihrw? volumia, yriTf publi^iht-d, 
carofiilly ediied hy John NichoU. On ibo 
tillo-pico M a portrait in ■ dide, engmvod 
by Coot. 

IMomoim of Dr. Kiiii, nriclliiitt lo XichoU's 
[Hlitiuii of the Urigiruil Wi>rki ; Biog. Itril. ; 
AiM HS9. S88S3 ff. U7, JAU, Hi. S8SSS f. 100, 
£8887 1. 3de, 28HD0 t. 1 7 (Itrit, Mn*.) ; Welch's 
Alttmni W««Ltni»naKtni«nMB, IBA3,pp 147, I HA 
190-3; Swift's Wuifa, td. Scott, I8!4. vola. i, 
ii. ii. X. xr. : T. Cibbctr'a Lini of tho Pnet*, iij 
■lU; Gont-M>K-177e,4U;Exn«wan VB«.Tii> 
400 ; JobnMn's Lirva of the rueia ; (^to'a 
CataiOigue gf Civiliaiif, po. 101-4 ; Monk'H I<ifi> 
of BonUey, IB33i Oxft-rd GraduMm: Ciiultr's 
IloittaUiriof WMlm!nst«r. 1876, p. 37d: Koblu'i 
CuDtiunalioDOf Oranger, it. ISO; I'ope'* Wnrlu, 
>ii. KIwia and ConrUupe. x. 2<)7. ug.'i ; l,l«.il 
Common vaalthm I88S (Morl^v'* 1'nin.nitl Ii 
bnuy], pp^3TS-iH; Kicliols't LiL Aiic«l. 1!»13, 
I. 25. 3i-i. 827. iii. B37. i*. 7IS; D'l»ni<Jl'. 
QnantLi of .^uthuri (MiKsitnnlo*, 18404, pp. 
sue, ai9-2i, Dr. Kinit in eoii«tanily confmoi 
^apccially in indexnt, with Dr. William Kia^ 
[•\. V.I, ari^hbiahcip of Dublin, or with Dr. Wil- 
iiiim Ivinjj |o. t] of St. Hnry Hall. Oxford. Ihe 
author of - The Tout.l O. A. A. 

KING. WILLIAM. D.D. (lfl(»-17S»)r 
nrvhtuEbop nf Dublin, ion of .Inmos King, a 
native of llurm in Abordcenshifo, lln> nrjfiual 
•eat of the fnuiilr. wa« bom on 1 May llt-Vi 
in the town of Antrim in Irylnnd, whitbnr 
his father hod migtatod ««mc time bvlwoen 
1630 and IS40, in ordertu vacapetlieMlemn 
1e<)gii« nnd covenant, and wherv ho ia said to 
linvc piirtiinl thn calling of a milli^r {1/itl. 
MSS. Comm. 3fd Hep. p. 4lfi; NoliLB, O.M- 
limuition of OraniffT,n. 103). At the age of 
twelve Kint; wud H-nl to a I.iiiin school ni 
Diingnuiion, co. Tyrone, and im T .\pril f OW 
(M*»ns, St. Patrifk'f, y. if07l he wns nd 
milled a ftiur into Trinity College, Dublin 
III- Htiidied hard, and having ob[ain<''l « 
■oholanbip bo graduntod n.A. ou '2S Feb 
1670, wa« ordaimd dnacon by |)r. Robvri 
Mniwom, biahop of Dntry, on SiTi (let, Dtil 
nml procoedod nl.A. in in7:t. lie failnl t>i 
iiblnin a fellowHliip. but havini; attracted tbo 
lit te [It ion of John Parker, arch bishop of Tuam. 
he was by him ordnini'd a priest on 1^ April 
1674, anil was collated to the prebend of Kil- 
msinmoTp on 14 July in tlio same ye&r, and 
to th» proToKtship of tho catboilral clmrch 
of Toam on 20 l)ct. 1076. On the tratitl*- 
tion of Paikiv to the m'r of Dublin in IS78.. 
King wu on -Ii Oct. lOTt) collnttxl to tW 

' i^tS'irf^'ff^^ ot St. I'nlTickV knd tha parUh 
OfStWcrturjfli's niiiicxpii.whnre ho Inbouri'd 
walo'xl^ to prevent ibc *{in.ii() of Komao 
CMtholicum in tlic inL>IrDpcilui. Sliurtiv hAit 
hii (ippointmOTil he WAS involved JnadUjmlu 
vritli Dean Worth m tu tin* right oflho 
di^Kn !■> visit inilopemlenlljr of the chapter. 
Judnnent wa» finally fn*^" aptinst King in 
lOSli ftnd M a piiniHlimriiit for hi> ' cnnti>n- 
tioiuaMs' hii wiut rrqiiirod tJibuilda number 
of ntnlU in thn f linptir-hnmi- (i*. pp. Wl S). 
[n I'ifl" KiDi; i-nlcrcfl upcm ii proltjnjfi-il ton- 
trovprsT wilQ I'ctyr Miiiihv[n. v.], muHpliiHi* 
d*i*norDt'rrv,whi> hnd liL-eii lai'-ly tuiivi-rled 
lolbi- chiircliof R.init-, Mniil>>''*'CotiBifl.>rii- 
tions wliiclioblitreil IM'/f Mnnbyio cmhriiri' 
tli» Catholic IMij^on ' dn'w fmm KinK an 
'An*wpr to the ('on«i^bTnlliin«,' in v.-bic.h 
Mnnby'* motivi?* wern oicribed to n dMire to 
Ciirry favour wilb Jiimiv II. Manby lliere- 
niNm T«nlied with ' A Hi'foruied Catechimu,' 
which king atMwoivd in ' A Vindication of 
thu Aiiswc-r to ill* C^ontiidfirotions,' 10'*^*- 
Siib«rti|ui>ntly Mnnbv. nccorrlin^ I-i llnm> 
{\V*Uic, /it«A')/i»), "(iiipTiifid n iiborl pupM, 
nrtfnliywritli-'n,' under thi-tith- 'A Letter to 
n Friend, she wi OR the viinil.yuf this opinioR, 
I bill c^very maii'H feme and tviMon 'u lOKuidu 
liim in mallera of I'uilli,' which led lo KiufCM 
■ Viudiration of tbe Christian Religion and 
IC^formation agiuiut tlie Attempts of a late 
lA-tier.' OwiagtoRomodisMragiiigreniMlu 
nhuui prMbyterianisni mioe b^ hun daring 
this ctiiit rovers ?, Kinp wan vijiwomljr at- 
tnokeil by Josopli Itoy^c [q. v.], a prf.^byicrian 
mini»ti>r in T>ublln. (tn the dtMiib of Dean 
Worthin 1688, Kinjr will eU'clc'dUi»»iifce»or, 
and was formally iiialulli^d on 1 Feb, 1U8S-U, 
Inking bis deffrM of U.D. ahortly af\erwards. 
Hitherto he liad been noted as a atrenuous 
advocate oflhui ■Inctriiii'urpaMiverMUttinc'e 
(Lui.lH, Antutr, p. 113), but the (^em- 
inent of Tyn^nnol converted him into an 
ardent whig. He openly oipriiiHHt the cnuie 
of Ihe i*riiioe of Orange, and fnllinft under 
tho aiupicion of the Jacohttu piveniment he 
vra« arretted and oonRned lo the castle. He 
WiM liberated after a abort imprison motit b^- 
tlic gnod ofSce* of I.nrd-chiof-jii«lico Sir 
Kdward llnrbert [q. v.], but enntinni'd to 
■iilfrr inniilta and indi^itin* in public till 
the be^nninR of liSW, when he wn* repom- 
laitted on a cliarije of havinir fiirnii>li«] Irra- 
■r>nnbli> iufonnation tu the Duke of Sohom- 
\ii^Tjt [ib. p. lOA). The battle of the Boyne, 
however, put an tai to hie sulTeTings. On 
in Nor. be pnuchfd before the lord a jus- 
tice* Sidney and Ooninnibvin h^I. PiilrickV 
Cathedral on the nceniiion on be tbiinlingiving 
lor ' thoproMrvnlion of bin MnjesiyV penon, 
hit good auoooat in our deliverance, and hi» 

aafe and happy rettlra into Knglnnd,' anti on 
9 Jan. ISflO'l he wax promoc«d to tim aee of 
Dorrr. In IIIDI be published hia ' Sut« of 
the Pro(e«tant4 of Ireland under the late 
Kiii^ Jamct'aOoveronMDt.'for whieh he had 
[wrtly colleoted tbe uateriala during bia ub< 
pri»r>nmeut. Though more of a party pank- 

fihb^t than nn impartial hiHlorr, it taapowar- 
ul vindicntion of the princlpuw of tbe revo- 
lution, and Wfll^ aa Itiiliop Ituraot doicnlMd 
it, 'not only the best book tliat h«th been 
writ ten for t be aerrice of the goremmcnt, but 
without any 6f;ure it i« worth all the reat 
pui tqjeiher, and will do more than all our 
^ribbfingiforaeltliiigtheraiads of the nation.' 
Three editions wore at once cxhiau>t«d. An 
■Anawer' was pabliahod koonytDoufljr ta 
lt)l)2 from th* jMn of llu nonjumr, Chariu 
Lrdio [q. v.] The eharige of inconaiituncy 
in thu matter ofpajaire rcaiatance wh p pg>> tJ 
homo agninat King with coauiderable aliill, 
and from ocrl^in memoranda still extant 
( nut. MSS. 0mm. 3nd Rep. p. 2a&) it would 
»oonia« if King at onetimemmlitatedareply 
to Lesliu'* book. ImnindiatirlT after hia oou- 
socrntion (25 Jan. I0{>0-1) King proceeded to 
his diocene, where he baited himself in repair* 
ing thetaraaes crt-Jiled bvthe WBT, in roitor- 
ing and rvbiiilding pariah cburoh«4, toward4 
ivhleh he biiimeir Li>iilributed liberally, in ei>- 
forcing the ri>aideDce of his Glei]ffr, in aug- 
in endeavouring to restore the church iimlur 
his rare to a pneition of elliciencyand msjtecio- 
hility. In l)ec«mher I1D.1 he waa ap|HHnt«d, 
along with Dopping, binhnp of Mcalh, and 
Wincnuin, biidiop of l>mmoTe, eccU»uwtM!«l 
commiuiuner for ilw rinitaiionoftbe biahop 
andcter^'TuflbediocMe of Down and Connor, 
in ei>nB<^]uunee of which Risliop l]aek«t, 
Hiitiricallvstyled the bishop of Ifaaunemnilb, 
the arcbileaeon of Down, and aeveral other 
clergymen were aUJipended (^LaatdMCte MS. 
\M. f. Sfl). 

Tho pmvnlency of nonconformity in hin ■ 
diocejH!, and particularly iu the city of Dcrry, I 
where, >ii he e.\prt*wed it. the pivabyteriana 
were 'mi^^hty insolent.' cauwil King mudli 
annoyance. Miiinly with the intention of 
rejireMing the growth of >i>clnTinniMn 1m m- 
lerod upon a lawsuit wilb the London So- 
ri^tr in order to piot*ntthe letting of waM« 
lanti* to preabyteiiana. The caae raiaed tho 
whole i{iic-(t inn of the judicial Lndependencw 
of the Irish House of Lords, and ted to much 
wider cuDsequences than King had antici- 
pated. Peut^ng ita settlement no published 
in lti94 a tract entitled *A nisenume «in- 
Ci^rning llu> Inventiona of Miin in tht^ \Vori^hi|) 
of (iiid.' ThB pamphlet, nceording to Id-id 
(//f>f. of the Preiliyterian WurtA, iii. 27), 




wu a ■ cli'TVi antl pUiuIblo performuies,' 
' writUai in a ^irjt of &ll<ct«d IVicndship 
for pwrtglCT i MM,' but ' full of unworthy in- 
MButloiia cod viifbiiiidiHl cliargv"-' It ^"u 
tmRiMliMdy popriDtrd in Lonaon. Jonph 
Boyw raplind an brluitf of pFBCbjIomniiim m 
bin ' It'Burki ' on t lie ' biscoufW.' which Kin({ 
immrdutclj' tiuirvnMl iu 'Aa AUmonilion 
to llie Dicwnting InhabiMnis of the DioceM 
oC Deny/ Xingibuiied ilist ho wiahod ii> 
Mir up M MinKMitiM, And <1ccUrDU liini*i>lf 
■olaly uucioas to remnvi^ tho ohjot-tions of 
tkoM «rtio MiiMid to utli-nd Ihc: cstnljlishnd 
ehtiKh. ttoytp't ' VindicnlioB ' of his • lii^ 
niktk** tBd KioR'a ' Sccootl AJmoDilioii ' 
dOMd tke miHtn-vny to far an ihi^ chief 
coinb«tuitawet«caimni«<i. ButKiii)i:'««lrtc- 
iiiTMOK tli» IptonnceofmMij pr»»b_vi('riiui« 
«a <o llieir own etw<\ and the inii[)'y)Uiit:y «f 
thi' Binaiif provid^l for thnir ii'ligioiis in- 
struct irai nimulalni thnprnbyturinnsto naw 
Hid Kfloctir* ex*nioa«^ 

Heaawbi)* Ktit)r Koui^ht noro prollMbly 
IOint)t4 \he nrliitiouirfquirvmcnlKof acolonjr 
of Scolluli hiahlnnd<.-rs who hu') reemtly 
settltd in (ht^ bururiy of Iiii'fliowHn by pro- 
viding I hem with cliT;(rTmi>n able to upcak 
tbdr own UDg^anc, aii<{ nt n latrr ji^od bn 
pramotod (hct«*cbin2of Inilioi Triaitr ('ul- 
Icign. InliionrlianicDtof lUD5bc9up])or(i!(l 
tbe jMwl l^ulation ininci ib« Roman cs- 
tholtoi, lyppiMB*] tboTalaratianBiUrUd was 
otwof lb« t>cvi-n biihopo aud »e\tn lay lorda 
vrho iiil(l97proic9tcd agaliiat theact locoti- 
fltni tlie AiiiclM of Limerick. Iln ttrongi j 
rMMilcd tbegroirin^Tnterfen'im'nf thoKng- 
Iwh parikment in In»h •ffnirf, and c-hiofly for 
thi* rcMon wppOMd tho hill tor the iirewT- 
VBtion of tbi> kinic'i jiersoTi io IllUT. lie de- 
nminccd.loo.lhotaxiiliailhypiiTliiiiniMitof ihe 
clergy without thi'irfoDJcot.uiut stn'iiuo<i«ly 
orged the nectvaily uf euniriioluii^ o'liviit^- 
tioa. Klii^''ii privatt^ lelCeK uf llio limoof 
Qucmi Mar}'" ilesili, I'W, r«vMl bia dtep 
amw of tlin pn^vnllin^ tniitj in matiMW of 
religion. A nnvcrn nllncli of koiiI in ibe 
•pno^ of IfitW nearly jirovinlfatul.ond led to 
K mnour tfaat be wu deud. 

mill the work of bin dioCMr Kin^ man- 
aged to eomhine the prqtaration of Iuh mai/- 
timm «fnr, * De Orif,iii« Malt,* which wun 
fubJiibei) ID 1703 aJmultaiuu^iKly in Diihlm 
Knd Ii^odoo, with a d«<li<alion to Sir lEulx-rl 
Southwall. TboworkattRiDiiti.ona Ivuckcan 
boai*, to reconcile ibe uiiluoce of i-ril, niid 
putieulsriy of rmkI evil, with the id«tt of 
an onmipotcnt and btouBoent deity, it at. 
it«rCt«(l immediate atlnition on ihn conti- 
aeni, where it was fairourably notim) in 
(May and June i;o»), at that limn under tbc 

«lttor8hli> of Jaoqu» Rtriiatd. The rvriew 
w»» crit ici»*il by Bs)le lulvertely toKin^ in 
his ' K/-niinsi.> mix (JiiMlionad'un Prorincial* 
((^hapi>. UxiT-icii.^ Bernard ni|ili<'d in 'Xuii- 
vi-Ut'.i di! In lUpubli(|uo,' January 1700^ and 
Itayle. hnvint; rrod KinK« book, mndo awo- 
ral new obai^rralioiu iiiion it, which were 
piiUiihMl afler bia death in ■ It^poune aux 
Qutretions d'un Provincial,' toI. v. Luibnitx 
alao publieboil a criticism ' AdnotaiionM iu 
Hbram Dn Uriginc Mali hand ita jiridcm in 
Ancba ovulgnlnm,' which wu* maiaW Oi- 
n-'i!t<-ii to n confntatiun of Kin(t'ii doctrine of 
free will {Opera, cd. I- Uuteu^ i. J.tO-mi; 
»lw Lellre rii. a M. Thoa. Bumet, itr. vi. liso). 
.\iid J. C. Wolir, in liis work'ManichitJsniLiii 
nnlo Mnnichwos' (Ilaniburg, 1707), devutra 
contidombln fpnen to KinK** nrgnni^>iii4. In 
Knclond th« book appcnni to bavt'^ b<^n )te- 
Ktecied lillit wa« Iranilnti'd by Kdmnnd I.nw, 
aftLTwarda binbop ol Cnrliilc, ui 17a>,andlbo 
imndUtion probably tnignated to i'ope »>nt« 
of ihe ideaacoulainediii tin '^tarun Man.' 
On 1 1 Match l70:£-3 King waR^iy leticra 

Gt'nt Iranalai^ lo the archbiftlia]iriL- of 
iblin, in aocccMinn lo Narci*8us Mnr'h 
[ii. v.jTheappiopriatioiuiand imiiroprintii'im 
or i-cct(aia«tical property in thn dtocr'n> n i-nt 
very numeroua, and Kint; at cmci- ivcoi^ihi d 
huw formidable an obctBclc ibesi.- wcitld pre- 
•ent tu any atlvmpl at refonnatiuu. luurder 
the beilerto auert bis authority m the mnt- 
ler, he therefore luaisted on being oonie- 
CTKtrd by the divn mid chapter of ChriHi 
fhnreh, who nlnni' appropriated iweuty- 
■ei'en parishnB, miiny of ihoni bi-ing not 
BUppliou at all, nnd moat of thnm very indif- 
ferently. The clean and diopter refunnl lo 
c'>niply, King held a, visitation, and in tln-ir 
Hb*>.>ui'U pronounced neiiteiio? of coTitumney 
flgnitii<ltliem. TltecotiewaslniiitiferreJtoKiiit- 
land, nnd an inhibition wu obtainti] agmiiAt 
him inrhanci^ry. King thireupoii Ulipealedto 
(be Kngllib Hniin> of l^rda, and nfler tnucli 
conirtHcny the ra>r waa Anally di'cided in 
1721 inbiafavour. Tliodconandchnpti>rrlten 
joined him in mokinR provision for iln' cim-* 
dependent on them. Meanwhile King had 
been labouring lucceMfully to promote Ibe 
wi>lfiin> of hi* dtocewi by bnililing new nnd 
rrbnililing old nariih chiirchfii, bv supplying 
tbom with capabl«cln^mcn,anil by making 
bpltcr proviaion for their livelihood, partly 
by annexing the ptvbenda of Si. rntrick* n* 
they fell vacant to the victtni((t?« from which 
they hod become eepaniled, and pnrtlv by 
Mtnbli^bing a fuoil for the uurchnH- at g]t<\ ea 
and impropriate littles. lliH eiideuvuuni iu 
obtain tor ibci church of Ireland the ivrtom- 
tion of the Bmt-frulla and twentivlh jiatla 
brought him into cIom rrlaiionahip nilh 

rJA) vbOB ha MUt lu Lnixlon in 1707 to 
itbar the pntject. Four yenK Intur the 
inMt«r WM MUi^tuMfily soUlwl iliruugU 
Hv/itl't i-xprtioQs and bia uiBiioiicu wilb liar- 
\<ij. Tlin romUt Swift iu Kiiig't i<«ti- 
jnttioiit ^ut King only buw in lijni n cloivy- 
muiuf TCTy uiiclarioal liiibilr, of conudprnbld 
nbilily, bill of ill-n^{^'ulalMl nmbilion und of 
01-crwiwnIiig egoliim. fIii-(nUii;<i lo him to 
turn lii^ aIl«iiition wrioiuly to tin-- niudy of 
Vlii-'olog}, althongli woII-iiit»iitii>ni.-il, wus an- 
BCCOIDpiiiUod by on; tiitu-tuiiliul {in-fuimi-til, 
uid <Kin«»i)UMiUya|ipi*iiri!dia SwiA iiiiiHTtL- 
nnnl, and i-Ton sliplilly innliti'ius, Thougli 
iln*ru wa» no ojiea broucb.tlii' ftioniJly cnnv- 
*]ii>adi-iicu lliiit bud t^xieldl betvoim ibrm 
wiis ititeiTiiiiwd btiWHtiti 1711 and 17 Ifi. 

Ou IS May 1701t, nfti>r ii wv.ttL' mtack of 
gout. King pn-adifd bcfoiv tin* loni-liuu- 
ti-iiiim, tlio I'mtI nf Whiirtun, ut (Ul- optniiifi 
of [iiivlinmfut, im ' Uiviuf TrcdL-st iniil iuii imd 
Inirrlimni-lwlKif. tMiHialiMit wilb llie FrvoJuui 
of Man's VViJl,' Kin^' utt-^iiipliiitj; lo rvconiMle 
tlio Jijclrini? uf jirtldiMtt lull ion wilK lliitt of 
friw will. Our knowlddgo of Ood btutig of 
ancemilT limited, iK, lin nraueHflikn tho know- 
Mgif lHat n man born Ltind biu of colour, 
coilv b^ way of analogy. Tliii doctrine of 
MulogiiCAi knowlwlKe wiu uttJU-'livd by An- 
tliany ColUni [,q. v.] in bis ' Viudii-atiou of 
tliel>ivini! AtlnbuTtv.'l'lU. nud bvDr. John 
Edwiirdi {l(ia"-171rt) fq. v,j Lu ' IV Divine 
Pfrft-fti-jiu Viudituiir-d. 1710. Oh ibedMilli 
ufAri'libinliujiMurbhiii l7l.'t.Kin^'»whis^i«in 
lo the uririmcy in fniour nf Tiioraa» l.ind»ny 
\a. V.]. Ill shop ril' liiipliii.^, Iliit. Ill lb" iiro<'(if 
Qiii^^n Anim n di^iiib hr wuji Joined wilh lliu 
liiirl (if KilJiin.- un.i l,b« Archbiahuprif Tuum 
in ibi* coiiimiB^iuti fuc ihi' i^uvLTum-.-ut of 
IndaiiO, und il tviis, iU'L'ijrdiii^ lu llurria, 
luP(,'L'ly dutf to liis" nnd iiillii.^iii-'" 
'.tbat tUc city of Hub! in wii" iiri.wrii'ilftfindy 
.. . . lo titn nucrfiiuinu nf r.lii^ rnynl family of 
Elanuvor.' la 1717 bn won ti)(ip|ioinlwl oni; 
of tbci lonbi juBticcH, Kud ii^niin in I71H: biii 

l)Dvin(; by liia U])|>i»itiuu In ibv Itill of Tu!1^- 

ntion iiicniTt'd tli« ditipl(iu»ure of (!;uvL-m- 
meDt, lie was otnittvd from tUe cotuniiuion 
in 1719. lie miLnifMled no resentmunl.and 
diiriiiK eh* >b«Mice of tlio Dukeof tinfton in 
1731-3 won ngnin ini-luded in tlic^ c^nmmi^ 
■ion. On ibc death of Archbishop Lindsiiy, 
ISJnly 17;il, Kinir wiuchown adminiitriitor 

nf till- spirit uul i I If9 of ibv hi.'i> by ibn dean 
lUiJ clioptcr i)f Amiiiuh, nnd tbo couplimuut 
yn» till.- mori' grutifying to hint by r«ii»un of 
tlio •jipniutmont by tho iiovvrniD^nt for poli- 
ticnl considiTutiona of lluf^b ]loult<ir [q. v.J 
to llui primoi-y. 
Tbuii|{li n wliiR'. KinK wo* alto hq Irioh 

Silriol, tliat ii to Mtv, An ailrocnie of the 
DCtrinM etiaaciat«d Dr Willium SlrilyiMux 
' [•]■¥.], and be was in rnWl lliu li'iid«r of tlw 
^ opuosilion tol!ii'|mrlyoflhc l^nglUbiiiWmt 
I in Irvlnnd. lli< own *uit with ihw London 
I Sociriy, in whiL-ti thi- judffmenl of tbe Itith 
I ItuuM of Lunlii bad fiuiUlr. in I70S, bw» 
I rev«»ed by that uf BnglaQd, bud (riven point 
loUolyn«'iix'(< ntgutn^iit.. Ileliad nuiipirtiMl 
hVift'n o^iinlion n)[«in« Wnud's buirpFOM^ 
nnd by bn antnndnu'nt lo tho addrv« up>n 
tliu lord-lioutmoni'it cporcb in •SepleaiMf 
17:15, nddinK tlic words ' i;rcat visJoia' lu 
biB mujwly'a 'ifoodni^sH and rondi-aoNuion ' 
ill pultiui; au iMid lu Wmjd'ii pntunl, hndrow 
down upon bioui'ir tbir wruLb of Aivlibtihup 
ItoultfT. King wa»ai ibu ^aiuv time a lii(;li 
churcbinan ; nnd having Ubournl alt hi* life 
: to iidvnncn tbc wclfuiv of tlwi cliurcli iu li«- 
I lujiil by improving it* nirtinno*, and by rai^ 
ing up H buily of (."fllciuDt cl<;t%ijiiii'n, ha was 
indigtiant al the cnHoun indiflcn-ncn with 
which ibi! Kiiglish miniislry(xiiifi.-tTTxIlbubiuC 
pn'f(<riiienl«iii iliecbuiviion £iu;U*limon, an 
Tewtt.vd>i iVir thuir own or their lri«ntl«' poli- 
ticnl ■.ubtcTv iencr. IIu prolaMa proring 
unnviiiting, and old ag« and disnase preatiBg 
biMirily U]ii>u bim, bo gradually rctirad ttvn 
nottvc life. Sinco ]7]ti he luul ngnin boon 
on iL-nuR of friendly if not rery tonlial in- 
tercouiVL- U'ilb ::>n'itl, but nu ntlviaiiC on hU 

Sari iu irj' tu inivifutv in ike a&im of tbo 
eanery, whicll Swift ri.<gnrd«d an an eo- 
croocliment on bin pL-r«i>iiul Lb«rty. ted ■« 
a fr>;«b explosion, nnd un opi-n iiuariv] was 
onlynvnrted by King's limvly witVlruwat at 
bis i^biim. In April l"2fi hi' i-nirrgoil from 
his tvliremcnl in ordiT to mpporl tlir l*fivi- 
]vma of rorliaincnl Btll. Hi^ di>il on « May 
li^,a]|dn-aabun«il onib? lOtb (htn funi<ral 
tiennon being pmachi.'d by R[icbu[d ^ ll^nniid}, 
di'un of Anuagh) In t)i# north siritt uf St. 
Mnry-'s Oburoh, l>iinnrbrook, near Dublin, 
but, Bccordlog to a wiali uproMcd by liiui in 
hi* lifetime, no monumcmt or uianuirinl alub 
WU9 i-rL-ctiid. King wni unmarried, mid by 
bis will ixe k'ft all biB pniporty, amounting 
to npurly 17,000/,, to publii? cbniiliM \yotm 
anil (/tirritf, L'lid eer. ix. S'JQ, otli Her. xi. 
i\7). 11<< foundod iu 17IK tho Archbishop 
King'* l«ctur«Bhip in divinilyatTtiniiyCor> 
l(ign, Dublin. 

Ai tb'- tiini^ of hit diMith tlnTm vrcro at 
li?a»t Ihtvi- piirlrnil* of King in exiitpnei>, in 
tilt- p(i«t'»»iim riBpti^tivi'ly of Lord f'urterot, 
Sir Ijann Hloane.ntid )tr, Annwl^y. Oov o( 
thoae was i'[igruv>^ by Fabi-r. Mi'utiun nliH> 
is niado (Xvtei nml (Jmrirt, lit tier. rii. J3U) 
nf n Amiill nud rather curious engntiin|{ liy 
Knn«-0'llara, tlw coipbrnind burl<-itn vrnt«r, 
publiahed on 20 Si^pt. IrWS in LondoTi. 





Kins vDs B volamiuoiu lett«r-iirit«r, oiid 
^.i Irif (•■!>> Ilirow a dood of li)flil '»o llin »[•!« 
^^^■tf InJaiul in litl ilny. \ iiiimbor of thi!*a 
^Blja lb* pnniisiou nf Trinlry (.'nllc-ic, [lublin, 
^V wfiv printul by ilant in (hn xvond viiluim; 
^B of lua ' UiMury of ttiu <'tiun:ii of In-Iuticl.' 
^f Olbm addnMawl to Sii IIobiMi ^uuiIiwhII, 
tormittf two (olio vuhim<.-s. oiv iii tlir< Pliil- 
^^ lipF« libnnr ol Oiiflttfiiliiitu, Cst. Xo. (tfiiC 
M^iTiiuiiPK, Cbf. I tUU, |ii. ix. ^ ^Q). Another 
^f T«ry Vidiulito colleclioa. wclndin^ Kin^'n 
' <ln& of • rnply to Ij^dtuV ' An«wtT,' niul 
Mpns rcUtini; lo liU Miit with tli? I,oiiil»n 

^BaciL-ly, i* tbst of l{ob«rt tl. Lyons, t^m., 
y.D., of Dublia. Acoonliuf- lo Mr. J, T. 

Gilbert < Tluf. MSS. Comui. ^dJ li<-]>. p. :J3G|. 
vko »M» tlut thvrv atw othrt ctilLo[.'ti»n« of 
KiDff'ft cxinni in Tnrlandi theto papers ori- 
Binnlli- Mon^ to Kilif'* IvUtJve.llw I1«t. 
llotx-rt SjH-iio?, tvctor of l)onnj{hmortv co. 
l>ooF'piil, Kiaft'n ' Di«ry,' wriit*-!! iliiring lliv 
time of hit impriwinDi<-Jil, with aoini! olhcr 
•iilOKTniili RiiiniiM.Ti)ilii, am meultotwd (ii. 
^1 it>-i>.j>. Utij MB bi-iiiK in t1i« pouMsioDuf 
Colooial ICOM-Kin); of Kincllnr, Abardeen- 
aliire. A Cms b-ttvn biiiI oilier piip«r» will Iw 

■■d Bianiic tb« FkufIoq and AdditKiiial 
. in the BrilUk Uuiciun, bul tlicwlinvv 
I otiliBnl by Mfttit. 

T<i till- priniKl vrorki UM4iiioni.'<] above 
rbvadilml: ■.■A8eniHHi|n«ehed7S<>iii. 

beiag the Tbaaltwiviur D>y for t)>« 

rietory ... si Bleiilioim,' London. 17l>l, 

& •Ohiisltau Iluiuililv: u iienuou 

bofore Uis Quut'D,' f.omloii, ITiM, 

' Tbo AdvuiUciwof ICilii cation. IMi- 

ndrnlitieal; A£«miii,'I^>nd'>n, ITOIi, 

I. ' Tbu Miicliii'fof l)i'biyiu([Snnt<Tici; 

■iiisl HO Evil Work : 11 Sfriii'iii,' Lnndcin, 

7, 4lo. o. ' The IliKlit lit Mouuvlij A*- 

I Setvioii.'Luiitluii. 1713.Vvti. ti.'A 

'T t» lKvia>ly,or a riiituviiphical EiMV on 

«. Will,' Lomton. 17ir). IJmo. 7. -"ThB 

i>h llUioH<«l 1 jl>mry : pr>inlinf( ni inoiit 

tbu Autli>'n and ItoconU in print or MS. 

bich Qiuy b* Kcrvicmblo to llio coniptlaff of 

GriM-ral IliAiorj- in InUnd,' Dublin, liii, 


[Tiber* if DD rqpiUr biojcnlpbr of Aivlibiibop 
Rla(. nor anr «ul1(cTtil fih'icm at bii worki. 
tht lifc li^ UniTii ia hit ciiiiiiin of Wnrv'a 
BMiot^ with tUe widilinnikl inforniHiion fur- 
nltbfJ I7 MhuI in hi* Sislorjof tboCburcbof 
ErtlMid, ■« (till tbv fhipf murM of our infnnnn- 
Uok. Tkelitotll Willja'i Iritb Nntinii iachirllj 
kfaMmrta) Imm Mnnt. Samp >ntcr«itinc «nil 
Mtbsnlic iiinit"r will brlonn'l in Monck lliuon'i 
Hwtury «f S*. PklrMk'n. Tile c»rr«>|>uiidf in-* 
' » King nnd Svift, aud to n I<<m rvtcnt 

illtr Ittltn III iho Journal toSt»llii. id Sir 
Scutl's odi'.iuli of Sirift'i Work>, thixiw , 

much l!|thc «a Kiii|:'» rhoniflar and on tho mli- 
ject of tlio finl-fmici. To ib«w mnj ha ii-Id«d, 
for ineidontnl rvftronce. J. W. KiiiMi* Hi»l. of 
lIicriiir(T»itjo( Dublin; ihi' Unv. Joha RicUa(d> 
«na Kbiirt llint.uf tb(> Atlvmpla to Cnnintt th« 
1^'f "kIi Nali TCI of Ireland. London. I T 1 2 ; Cullon'il 
Fniti &rl.Hiti.; Burd^'al.ifoof Skolton; Bishop 
XichoUou'H IjiUi'r» oil Vnrioii- Subiectn , Arch- 
bi*bn|i llouUvr't Lettcni 1 Inck^* tnniilinr l.rt- 
t»r«; OeorgrPnDlkiior'.iiilili'jn-irSwifl'it Work*. 
Dublin, 1 76.1: Dobliii luirlliuniii'.^r, lOJUrlTSB: 
Nol*« MndQuKnt^: U"l. ,MSS. Conun. It^iu, 
ii, Sai-£T. iii- 41«: Lulio 14t«ph*n'i KnKliili 
Th>>tiglic ia ths KighiMtitb Cautiuy: Cmik'* 
Life of Swin.) E, D. 

KINO, WIU.LVM (lfia-,-i;63), princl- 
pul of St. Mury Hull, (l,\ford, bnni Kt Sttip- 
Jicy, Middli-sfi. on 10 Mnrch ll5>i.\ wiii> the 
soil of tin? i!i_-v. i'cn-'KTiuc KinR nnd .Mnr- 
gnivt, liniiiihirr of !?ir William Smyth, twrt., 
ofiltiidclivi.-, JIiiokiii^-hiiuiBbirel.'ln'^v/u/pf.p. 
(ii; LvKoxK, fJiiiroM. iii. liVJ). ARer kt- 
t«iidiiij[ 8n]ul>iiry grnmmnr fchool (vliMo 
ifofM, p, I3(l)lin>!ntcn«l llulliol Cullem, ChE- 
ford, on ilJulv 1701, nnd mdaBUd B.C.L. 
on 12 July lYoS, il.C.L. or 8 July 1715. 
Ho WTM nauittcdaciviliuii im '20 Jan. 1710, 
; but being poMeMul uf a idihIoiC pntrimnny, 
. lioniiTcr dxitclit pnictifp (C'liorE, /^ly/uA Ci- 
ifAirar, np. 111-Il*). Hi- devoml Ins lit- to 
ocliolnrauiji und liti'miirr, inieri'Sl^ liiinwif 
ill p(iliiii-i, (ind nns long at the h«id of th« 
Jiii.-i>bilir fuirty nl Oifoni. I'roin ii^iil of 
'hiiiu&ii prndi-nai* lir twinn in bin life lo«t 
the upporlunily of aniuirinc n vm- Xnrga 
fiirtuiie ' iu Ihu moM irrtpnim-bnbli-- aianni>r,' 
nnd ovrin^ lo Ibi- same ilvfeiit liii oirn for> 
tuno became laitcli iupainiid (Anerit«tet, pp. 
3. 3). J-'or n tlnwi he acted a« Mcretary lo 
the UukcofOimondii nnO lli^ l^rlof AmUf 
elticlod priudpal of St. Mnry llall in 17li>. 
He rMi^mHtl hui wc'rclnryahip in 172^, wlien 
b« Mood for tbtt jiarliami.'ntary repriw^ni*- 
tion of the Tiniver#ilT. but waa caaily d»- 
frntml by ihmrm ClarVi- (1000-17.^1) [«. t.] 
( II. S. Sn irii, I^o-liam'-iitt i,fF.HQliml, ii. 7 V, 
.\ lawsuit nbout an n>tat4>in Galwavtouhicll 
lie tuid olntm nblia^ him to ci totrelnnd iu 
17:^7. liia iHaminf;, bit turn for tnlirtt, and 
his batr«d of the VKisliiiK Buvurnnirnt nv 
commendcHl him to Swift, licllioughl him- 
*><ir iniiirt<d in the courw of hia lull, and at- 
lackiid hi* niteniiM in a mock-beroie poem. 
in liro boolcf^ railed 'TheToMl,' wa^fottA 
to huvc biwnorit;inallrmmpo^iu l,Btinby 
a Liiulundi-T, ' Frpdi-rick SchHTcr,' andtnLiia- 
lutt'il into EQ|,'li>h, wilb iiot<.-s and ohartvu- 
tioiw, by ' Pen'j,-rini- U'UoDald, ¥m\' The 
horoliip," Miru," is the CountuMuf Nowbitriih, 
who hod wcrvLly marrinl an hnr iliird hiM- 

band Sir Tliouiat Snif lb. Kind's iiiicli^. It 
waa jnibliiiliiMl iit octavo at Dublin in 1T<12, 
a eeoottii volume Iwuig promi*t>il, Swift, 
tiftvt urging ihe lUnQiucripl, dcrliirnd that if 
hn bud n!iid it wlwn h« wok only tn'i^oty 
yiMm of nifi; lie uovi-r would hnvo writU-n ■ 
BiLtirv. Hweuiwn 'Tliu ToMt* vas oum- 
pleUil ill four uooha, in»orIb«d lu Swift, and 
printed in handftome quarto at l.oiidon in 
173(^ vilh a frontispiece by IT, Gravclot ; it 
WU r«iM>uad in 1747 (Notni and QiM-nm, 1st 
«cr. ii. 4W, iii. 13, 4lli *et. iv. 411, fitb Mr. 
iii. pawim). In liin nld nsn King rMmttcd 
tliBt hu btu) not (■xpiinRi--d manjr of t ue puui* 
Mg^ti (Anecflo/ei, |ip. H7-I0IJ), and ul liia 
destb tli» remain iiij; ouuiwt wi-n- bumi (Nl- 
CiIClJ!,£t/. ^iKOtf^ viii. 241). Tbepooin w*;* 
reiuued withriut tlio Rnni>talinn4 iii Alinon'a 
< Now Foundlini; Iliwpital of ^ViI.' A Iwp 
to the ebanctiirii is jfiwn in ^^'i1Iia[n Ilnvia* 
'SmohJ Joiuner round thu Library nf a 
Bibliucnanisc,' le'Jfi, up. 10(t-I>i, and ua aaa- 
lj-§i§ of it in ' BunltHv B Misnilauv ' fur Jimie 
1857. pp. HIO-SS. About Aprd'irST King 
nroto u witTv political pap«rcalled ' Common 
S«n*c,' in wliinb bo pmpoMd a new «cb«'ni<i 
of gnvRmmcnt to thn pnonln of Cors'icn [i.n. 
Ortfnt Britain], adviiinti tbum to ninki> tluiic 
kiiuf of thH umt> «lull' of which the Iiidinm 
faanjon thuir coda. IIv enclou'd a copy in n 
lett«r to Swift, but boib n-tiv ititorci-ptt-d ut 
thepo«-olIice(SwrpT, H'orA-*,.^!. Scon, l(*:J4, 
3UI. 81). ll aeems lo bo identical witb ' An- 
tonlelti dncis Curaeorum epistoln nd Corw>« 
da re^ «li^ndo' included in Kiu^-'s cul- 
Icctwl w^illnj^;^ Tlirough KiiifTiSwifl eii- 
diinvoiifi'd inibp riituinii^.lulv Id nrmiig^ifor 
llu' piiblirailiou in l.nndon of his'llidtorvof 
tUc Four KiLit yi-nr« of tho t^unjn.' Iving 
remoiutruii-i], unj ullinnti-ly Swift aban- 
doned ibe iiili'iilion fura, titni!(l'ovt:,H'orkii, 
I'd. KIwiii ftiid Courlb"pe, vii. 8S3). In Ja- 
nuary 17;W-51 Swill eutru!ti?d Kin^ with a 
copy of th^ TiirsK* in bis own dmilh, lliol 
Ihoy might bit published in Ixindon. Kiint, 
alanuvdai the suiiri'iipon Wnl pole anil Qii^en 
Caroline, omit IihI mnmthnn n btindivd lines, 
' in defwviife,' Iil- iHii<!, ' t<i tho jndjnnitnt of 
Popemi'l otlnif friends of Surifl'f,' bntgmntly 
to Swift's iinnoymipu (I'A, viii. -ijJ : tSwiiT, 
n'/r^'t,\\x. 17(1, I7!>). During ihesnmeyt-ar 
King met Nntliiiniel Iliwlie [q. v.] ul Dr. 
Cboynn's honii« ul Itnlh, nnil uH«n acted aa 
his amnnucrniis nliil" b« was translating 
Itainiulys 'TruTeli ofCynis* (Niciioij^ Lit. 
Anr/vl, ii. (107). in ibis yeur nlso b» imin-d 
biiianunymoiM pcilitii^ul saTirn entitled ' Md- 
toni Euidt'>tu u<1 PoUionrm ' (L'Jrd Polwnrili), 
1738, fol., London, dedicated to l*upi>|AWM 
and Qurn'M. 2nd ser. I. iaH; Ann^dutet, p. 
1A1), of wliicb a second edition appearod m 

1740 (Nn.'iioi.e, Lit. Anr^. iL MKtf. Wbra 
honorurv di^rces wi>r« confi'Tnid ution tb« 
Dukf^ ol Hamilton, und I.ord« l.irbncid ami 
Orrery at OnlVird in 1713. King dfUvrn-d the 
LBlinspeeobes, aJVrward>) piibliiihed oa'Trca 
Oratinuculos babiltu in I)i>[iio Conrocationii 
Oxun.,' 'Ito, Loudon, Oxford (iirint^d), 174.1. 
The pr<3fnce iriipliesUiat liv liaa been altackeJ 
by some unli-Jncobilo canon. To k«|(p up 
public inl(\n^>t in tbo ntTsir, King bimivlf 
wrote' Kpiftoklllnnrgatoriaadliiiitirlmuin 
King, LL.I).,'4to, London, 1741, tonbich is 
Bllsebed u doggrrcl ' KpiiluU CaniMiici rere- 
rendi udiuodiim ud jVrcbJdiacunum revuivu- 
diim H'liaiidiuu,' lA»tlvBppMred' ALeli«T 
to ft I'rit'Uil ncwMioned \iv Epistola Objurg»- 
toris, Ac, by S. F. Y. B.,' 4to, 1/lndon. 1744 ; 
the writer pretends to have hn>n wronjtiy 
crediti'd with iJin anihorihin of the * hpi- 
stola." 'I'ho ' Iwttr' wju doubt lejs by Kin^, 
who ihuK in all probability created and wto<« 
iho whole eonlruvsrvr {S»fe» and iineritt, 
titli «er. xL 33~-l). Six-n ufter thu t«b«llion 
of 174G, King described ilif< Duke of Cum- 
berland as n ninn 'qui tinitl r>mnia prictar 
Deum,' In 174^ bo ridiculed Ednrnrd Itont< 
bum fn. T.], who bod publiahnd a niid« lo 
inl^-nding ntudcnts, in ' A I'rt^oia] (or pub- 
lihliisiK n Poetical IVandatioo, both in Lulii) 
and Englitb, of Ui« Rflveruid Mr. Tutiw 
lleutlium's Letter to a Young Oeetleman of 
Oxford. Bv a Miwtt-Tof Art«,'4io,L0Didoo, 
174S (anotbcr edit. 8vo, 1740). 

At the op«ning of RadcliSe's Library, on 
in the Sheldoninn TLeatm, in «hi>cli be 
adroitly mnlriftid torapivts hi> Jacobitism. 
lie introduced lix limfs in his jwroration 
llie word ' redout,' puuiing i^nch time for u 
conKidenihlc sniice, amid loud applause from 
a dintinguiihed audienco (l^TslinmicE, Vffr 
if Lord SKetburrte, i. S^'O. Tbumaa Warloti, 
in bia i)oem ' The Triuni]ih of bt*/ «ulo- 
giiies King's powers of oratory. Tlin oration 
ed in 1740, and again in 1760) gave 

( prill tt: 

rise to violent ultncka. 

King was chargiil 

with bnrbaroue I^tin, .lucobitism, and pro- 

{npilion of wdiiion in the university. Jobu 
of KdwurdBentham. published some viritlNit 

' Itrmorlts on Dr. K "s Speech,' by ' PTit- 

leleiilheruBLoiulineiisi*,"lTW). Kinj relnrtml 
wivngely in'ElogJuni I''aiiin> insoniens Jncci 
Eloueusis sive fiigfinlis; or, ihn I'ruism of 
Jack of t'tun, cJimmonly cnlW Jncic llui 
(iinnt; collected into Lulin and Engliab 
Metre, nftcr thn Jtnnnor of Tbormu Stern- 
hold, John Hopkins, John Iturion. and 
others. To which is oddeil, t Diuer'ation 
on tho Burtouian stvli-. Bv a MaM<<r nf 
ArU,' dm, D-iford, Ii'GO. Tlie' satire alto at- 

1 6$ 


tacks WiUkin Bovjrtr Uw Toung^r fn. v.l, 
who luid Mid MMiWrtliing ag«iiut King** 
UliiiiiT O'lCHOu. Ut. AurtJ. ii. S23-5). 
Kint; furUnrrtnuislatt-dftlllbeAbunironiuiiM 
whJoli Btutoa had bealowoilnn liim, and iha 
coOBplimeDtsTT' phraaw applied liy Burton to 
htsiM-ir, kiid printing I he wbolocaulot^L' un a 
Urge *bnrr nl mrv {itpi^r, tptvu it to n tea veri- 
er to bo crii:<l abciut tliu Mni-ts of Oxford, 
Wiadaor, Bud l-^toti (ytnarf/./M. pp.'16S-7J. 
King wM juroMiiiivd lo lJi« Piwtender in 
Septnnba 1T«X The rn-loniler nns ilw^ 

SKj'mf ■ fliMlthy vi>il m Kn^lnnd, nnd 
(mnk to* one tivrning ut lln- doctor's lodg- 
ings Vt Oxford. They «iil)««juniilly corre- 
■ponitcd. but (ID thn intimnry ailviiDFi-d Kiii^ 
oune to dislike Ibc rrpli-od«r l.i'^. f^. 190- 

Kiug took part io the tnemonible conttMed 
•ledioD for (Ixfordeliin- in I'lM, nnd inf. in 
COiUMjiMiM* TigoTon»lytibeHi>(l. llnWMoc- 
Ctwpd of having dnfrniidod *ub«fril>nr» for 
book* niTTvr puUishvd to tlic oxii-nl of l.&OU/., 
wu taunted with hnviaft (ifTi-rcd liiinei'lf to 
•alo kiih in En^tland niid livlaiK.l, uuJ was 
KociMed of iiufiiriiiK tliv JHcubilH ' London 
Evening Pwi. During tlie Mine yoar lio 
published witliout bis iiaini* il Toliimn of 
ftDCifol HMT* «l1pd ' Tho ]>n>nm<!r,' 8vn, 
London, Yioi, which wni nunili-d in Uio 
whigpapvriaf tainted with JooobilLim. In 
Fcbmarjr I'M Kin^ had ibi- ]ili!u,»ini; duty 
of lakinc to Jobn«in Itis diplonm of M..\., 
and found in bim a wnrm odiniriT of butb 
bin irboUnbip itnd pvlitics (Bo6well. Lift 
ttf J^hiu-aa, cd. (J. B. Hill, i. 27»). Jlonng 
ibe »itie year b« replied to bis aunitnnla in 
a Ti^01^)lt»ly wntleapamdilet eniiilcd 'Dor- 
tor Ktng'B Apology; or, Vindionlicm of hiiii- 
Mlf flrMn th« scwofal maltf-n rhur^Hl nn bitn 
by the Society of InforTm-'rw,' llo, Uxfurd, 
li.Vi (L'nd and 'ArA t^ilian* Ibt- namo year), 
Ho n.-loltati'd wnroilv un (liu milli'ire of va- 
rioiMlibeb wbirb bad ajijiL-un-d in lhi.< 't'veii- 
ing AdvcnrtiH-r,' niiackcd h pt'>tilriit tmcl 
caJled ■ A Defence of the Itwior luiil VVllow* 
of Ex««r College,' and »|inl!o wvorrlv of a 
caiMn of WiixbHir namnl Itiohard Bbuaw. 
Blaeow tborcBpon pHntd u ' l.i-ttcrtoWil- 
liuB King, Lt^ll.^' Km, )7JJ>'>, in wbich bu 
•onghl to make Kini; rv<i|K>iiiiil>l(? for a Jaco- 
bite ilenMiDitmlion by kOD]« iuidergraduat«« 
in Ftbruarr 1717. 

On the fiarl of Arran's death the Jacobi<« 
Earl of WeMEann-laiid iru decled chiuicel- 
lor. At his inatalUtion on 7 July \im 
KinK nailo ft «Mccb, nt which Jnbnion 
'clapp^ hi< handa till ihnT were Biire'(ltoa- 
VKLI^ i. lU^). .\ rolkirt^ivu edition uf bid 
WTiliuga wai ptiblisbed as ' Opera tiuilielini 
King,' 4to, London, 1700 (of. JVofM and 

Qtwrt'nt, fitli i«T, is, U). King pnlilicly 
wvcrvd his counecliuo with ibv Jacobilo 
pnrty in 1761, when ho accompanied a d*- 

EuiBtion from (li« anivciraily to prcsMit tho 
iiiK n,-ith an addtvM of congralulalion on hi* 
marriagi-. Ho wa* pfnonuly introduced to 
tli« king by Lroil Sbcdbum». Ilia dcarrtion 
did aot trntoa coimum (Aitftdott*. pn. 18^ 

At ibe Biic»nia of I7IS3 Klnfr.nmid vrMt 
npiplaase, dolivvr«d an untion with aU hi* 
wontod animation and grace. Cbundiill, who 
was pnuwnt, condoMondud to approve of bis 
styli.-, but aflorwarda miMivd nt bin ' pi«ba]d 
Latin' in the 'Coiidtdato' (Niciioi.i, Lit. 
Atiffl. viii. L>3fl). 

King diod on 30 D«. 1783, and was buriod 
on -5 Jan. followinir nt EHlInp, Middl«aex 
(LrsoXfs ><• 23^)i w1i««« he had resided for 
many yvara on an mlato called Newhy, near 
ihn chureh. Uo was aUo loMM of tlio rec- 
tory of Hnlina (Favi.kti:)), HiAt, of Bunt- 
fitrd. Jcc 18^5. pp. 177, 24«). Hit heart, 
having been enclosed in a riilver nm, vrna dn- 
poiited by his oirn direi'tioiu in ihit cbapel 
of St. Mary Hall, whtrc iLut« is a monu- 
miiiK lo hi« nienion', with a Lntin epiTapli 
written by liini'e!^ (Woon, Colliyr* unit 
J/nto, iHl.Vjiiidi, p. fi?.'.). llifiiuiii, CbnrW 
Kino, b(!ni about li ll.was M..V.orSt..Mary 
Hall, and in li-dy <inl<-r» (Fo*^:!!, Alumni 
Ojvti. I'm 1M8I!,' ii. 794). Ilia duuglilor 
Dorothy loarriwl William Slulniuth ibc 
youngif'r (1710 17ai') ^<|- v.] (Niciiow, ii(. 
AnKtl. iii. 41). 

AMisted bv ibe contributions of old mem- 
Iwr* of i^i. Mary Hall, Kinj; rebnili ilie east 
■ido of llifi quad ran lib', and ad'lpd a now 
mom to tho principal* lodgingK(Wi)UD,0>/- 
Irffft, lie., p. 674). 

Kin([ wrolo olao an inwiiption (or the col- 
lection of staluw pn»eDled tollie uiiiveraily 
in 17C6 by the Countens Duwuger uf I'omfret 
(Wood, 'AHlijvitift t^f (krjonlj od. (iutcli, 
vol. ii. pt. ii, p. 81 1 ) : an ' Elo^iuin ' in l7Ct> 
on Chevalier John Taylor tne ocnli»t, of 
whioh he primed a fev mpies to obligo his 
frienda yAHfrdofrii, p. 1^6), and an rpitapb 
on I1«au Niub (I'A. p. 'J-lt^l. Hi* potihumoua 
' Political and Littrarv .Anecdote* of bit 
own Times,' 8vo, l^iiJon. 1818 (lind edit. 
1810), moally wrillrn in his seveniy-aixlh 
year to b(«uilo tli-? lanffuor of a Fick-room, 
and oditea Far the beii<^flt of two of hi* lady 
r«lalivea by Philip Bun- Pnncan [ij. v.'] 
{GtTtt. Mag. flrd nor. xvi. 13fi), «how bim to 
have boon a man of lense, oeuteiieMi, uiid 
cultivation. TbrouKhoul his life be woa u 
vruter-drinlter(.<»e<rfofM. ji. 11). 

There in a stribiu}; likenesa of King in 
the orator's roatnim in Worlidge'a pictur» 




of tbn instiilUiion of Lonl WestOKirulrtnd. 
Jlie porLruit bj- Williitm^ liftngs in tlie ]>ir> 
tiiri! Mlk-rvut UxfnrO tNinioLS, Lit. Anted. 
viii. i4 1 ; SV'oiiii, Aiiliqtiili't, fic, voL ti. pt. 
ii. p. 077). 1l nu» i-nKToviil by Fuber ; uu- 
Otltcr pi^riniil bv IIikIsdii wiu i>tii;ruvi-d by 
UBcAriMl; botli nn^ in mvzEdliiii (^Kvaxh, 
i^t. v/Engraifd l'»rtntiU. i, lOT). 

[N'iolnjlVo Aocciijii, 007.) Q. 0. 

KINO, WILLIAM 1 1 701 -1 7(ni). 'H'l'- 
(iL'inlciiiimiuiiirr, Willi bum in Wilt»Iiin; on 
U J1L11U t7<11, uiid i.>JucLili.-(! ul u locnl hcIkkiI, 
niid nflurwiiTdn ul l\w iiiimTiity <>t' I.'ln.'i.'bt. 
lie iiAStoil lii» irini? Tlir-Tc, r«[uriii-d lo Eii;.'- 
tnnd in 1754. iiinl unsnl tmcL* i-xIM Ijv tin- 
indr|K>iidrnt cUuri'li nt Chcflinni. Iliirliiii^ 
•liirp, wlif-ro 111' n-n*. (iii!iiiiii>il on 2'> April 
I7ii. Ill) ri)miiviy| to London in ITW.nnU 
on M Ft'lj. ill lliut yrni" lii-i-iimn pimlor of ilii- 
indHpeudciit cliurtli in Han: I'ourt. Aldi-r»- 
raT« iislrvel, fl8 HiK'CL-tcioi' to Siituiu.-! Itruci-. 
SWllyufliTunriUb-- tv['i-ivetlfruiiiuSi.'')iti»b 
uiiivin>ity 11. di|duiiiii cri-iiiinjf liim D.l). Un 
14 Jun. I'-P* I"' wii' clitjunii McroliutiT*' lec- 
turer ut lliiiKr*' llnll, irlirm bi> dii<d on 
it MelfcIi I7I11-I. Ilc) wan buried in Itanbill 
FirfiU. Besiduti Ili-J li-cLiirr-j ut I^mnoni' 
Ilallp ofwliicli at liis Ji?ath liv u-nn tlit tdduiit 
lecturer, lie debve'ri'd (■leniiii; lecturi's at 
SilviT StmpI nrid Liciio Stnwl clinpcK An 
uil-|ii)rtriiii of King, wlilcb Iian l>ei<u engraved 
bv hunwiind, i» pn^Grved in tliu TC«try Bt 
iliiri- 1 'nnrl. 

|MiiJvr«Tv'ii (ItiUuAriM; Wilin>n> J)[«»cotine 
Cburi'liCB. iii. 190; JrjD»'i Itutiliill Mrinoriiil?. 
p. IIS; Kinii*'* Car. oi KnjnnvHl Porlrniu. i. 
\W; Ciunt. iUg. I7fit), p. 168: I.<)ii<Ioii M*);. 
1700, |<. A'ISi Kuiivmi Scniinn I7 Dr. Jaium 
Wst-ot., frum Imi'ih U. ID.] T. S. 

KINO, WILLIAM (178)1 IM61. pm- 
taiA-t! <ii ('u-upL'niliimi bum nt Ipawicb on 
17 April I7wi. w(L! tlip wtn of tlie Hi-v. Jobn 
Kinii, ninny yiMf rnaxli-r iti ihe Iji^wiuli 
Krurniunr >dioid. lie wne edueaUnlAt roiur- 
liouH). (^nmbridKo, of irliich lin bi>cain» n fid- ' 
l<iw. IK- (,'rudiiuKHl B..\. in 1801) (lu twtilftli 
wruiiiilcr), M.A. ill l»ll', licL-owd by tLninii- I 
versity II JllIl(^ 1817, and c^ummi'DCi-d M-U. ' 
■t Ciiriibndce in l^ii>. llv Ikkmiiul-h fidluwor 
tlw Itoyal Ciill^gi-ol' Pfij'ftii'imis in 18:^, mid 
dtdivnivd thp llnrv.'iun crniirtn in l(*4;i. lie , 
inwfof BiinicprivriTi'tiilorof LordOvi-rsloiie, , 
wlii> biitbly Ml ■■1-111 c'li liim. In lt(iT he «i?ttli>d 
at HriBliton.niid biTnim- Itnuwii ji» iiirriliTon ' 
CTi'OpL'rfiU'^ii mill «nruil (^ui^stioTiK. K inp, who 
wax n-iniiiliiibti- fur hi? L'onvvrsniimiiil puwrr, 
oh1uiiii.-d I 111- tonlldi.-iifu of Ijidy Ityrun. llu 1 
wiu lifrndi \wr In rchi'tiieft for improving tlu.- 
conilitiiMi of the poor nimn lier estntes, uiid ' 
fliD luMiii^ly pramnled Uin Ci>-op'rnliv«i tx»- < 
lem, of wlii'uli he wu* a nmarkabl* •dvoctu, | 



From Mrty 1828 to July l^^bi- nTnliiaiauU 
tiionllily periodii-nl, Fiiliilcd 'TIm.- Co-opim- 
tor/tltrlirstwhicb bore tliat uBuii'. Numirli 
publication b«fi>n' or ^xniss liiu vxwlli^d it ut , 
■iinplicitr. pi-muuivi-Di'M, or in f^rajip of lh« \ 
«'tliical (Liid wnnomionl principlM lii whicli ' 
ilie nuineof ' ciwipomiiiin ' won fir*t (civmi. 

Though I'Bi-h niinibi-r ronaiaind but of fowr 
pnfW, published ut !</., iind iuuisl niuiaj- 
nioualy, it iru tbe mibat inlliieutial ptibli«»- 
lion of th« kind at tliui tiino. Lady itymn 
Ud't .100/. with a vi-^w to jiubliiliinff u (Ldei: 
lion of Kinjc'a wTititiifS. Tlufc liaa not yp 
Ik-pd iid(!(j lint ply dimi*, 

Kiu^' diwl at ItriKhtnn on 30 Od. |r>Su. 
He witB FonBulling phvairinn to itie SuMex 
Cniiiily Ilospiliil iIM^^-IfXU), nnd flnl jk>p- 
uidfiil of the ltrif.dilon ' .Mi!dii:nl rhinirgiral 
SoriKtv.' Itevidej lbe'Co"jju,'mtnr,'hi' Wfrtn: 
■Thn lnblitulioii» of Ui? n-!lDnbiT(r,* ISli; 
'Mpdicjil ICswivfi,' IMU; 'Additw to tlia 
I'rotinonl Mxilicnl S'lr^nt-al S'lcietv.' IHSl; 
uii ' l'>i*iiy on Srroftilu,' in ilx- ' Mi-dii-al (Ja- 
xelte:' and tpo<lliiiinona)-Thiiiig'litaoi) l^ 
TenfliiuifofClirirt,' In?:;, 

[Mimk'i Cull. u( riiys. iii. 2-Jft: Oeal. Hag. 
180A. ii. 797: r'^raanul knovleditr.] (1, J. H. 

KINO, WILLIA.M a«)li-lftSfi). pM»Ii>- 
1,'iBl, wnB bum nt Ilnrlli'porjl, l>nrbaai, in 
April IKK), and bi-came in 1811 cimtor of 
the Mnwum of N'alnrul lliitory •! N»w- 
ca»tl(wMi-Tyne ; be wu» alwlivlnriDr onmxH M 
lopy in llip school of me.lieiiiethm-. IntSlB, I 
i>n lh« foundation of <^ul-vq'b Colls^, OJ- 
irnv, he wn« apiioiiitMl ptufuaaor of feoIO|t7, 
hdJ orgnnitird Tlie formation of the pnlogiFsl 
umai-iim. In 1>'70 llir t^ii-'^'n's (TuiviTiic j of 
Irrtiind L-imfpmid on biin it* fiwi honorary 
di'grt'e of l).f)o. In l*'^ tlu> pmfiuMirHhiji 
of iialunil history win iiddi-d to K iu^'s nt bur 
dnlii'S, but lie reiignud in I8h3. Thii i-nltt^gn 
iinmiiinted bim eiui'rilus prufi^uor of K<''>l'>^i 
miniu'itlnjiy, nnd iialunil bialor}', Hnd pn'?* 
*iMiti7il faini nilh n ■•■•tiiiioriinl Kini; died 
nt01cnoir,TiiyIoT'»llill,(iulwuy,on:;l Jane 
18MS, and was buriod in \\ft (lalnav ceir 
(.timeivry. Hn wo* niniri-il, and leli' iiaue, 
Kinji'ii chief work wn» hi* ' Moiuif^ph of 
the Perm inn FoBsii*.' piibliihrd by iIid P»- 
Ui'ont<>).'raphi«il Kocit'ly, London, It^^. II4 
also conlribulml u \At^ numbur of papers on 
(Tfologionl subjects to vnriDiiB M!ienlilic jour* 
iinU ; a cntnlntrno will be found in (lie pnnled 
'Ciitalosneof tlixl.ibmrvof tJueeii*sCullt?i^, 
anlwiiy* (1877). np. 44)3-S, With J. H. 
Itovfiiey bo publifJii'd ■ An Old Cbnpler of 
the Ueolu)(ieal Record, with a now Iiitvr- 
pr«CalIun,' Loudon, iHt^L l^vo. 

[Nalum, I JuIt Ugfl ; prirute infornuUion.t 



Jbii. ' 

L w mititKlcr 

to Norwich. 

( wed 72), wcoiul 

iliiif;, Kin^licm 


1771', but ill Mutvh 


ad. liiApril 17S'llii> 

(■r uc Uiiriuii-ltiFlio)!, 

IcnIi-riiiL'ilit' iiiiiii<iin'. 

khm of l!'<l»-rt lliill 

Di] lia^l lbntit;lil><iifjoin> 

»«Ij-of Ali«rc!i'i!n. thi 

alored Uie 1)111)1 ill liciidt-my 

fCalieh Evaiu, D-H. AmoiiR 

bjs nicut lutimHli' fririiO 

Ion, AttIi«T of JuliTi H'.iwurtI 

On testing tliu ncmli'iiiv lio 

t>r N'Vfnil moiilh^ (from May 

■)rf»r<l, (iinura'atenhirv. Hr n.- 

InritalMn from llir ImplUt i^no- 

I «l St. Ukiy'* ('linpnl, Nnro'ii-h, no 

Hiur it in liiiiiitii ui llic pnriab nf 

-iB-Co»lmiv, On 27 Slanrli 17WI he 

Konvicu, 4inil was onluiniftl on 


uni's i&iniuij at Nonvicli, vtliieti 
Jill Iii* il<i«tli, WII8 <iiu> of much public 
He WW finml {ftr the iiiirliqii 
obing, anil tii> [innvr nf apt iltui* 
■ WW iioiid by IvlniirO Initig. Ilia 
iili*p>^ wan (VfiliKHl in JHll bv a vury 
kIsodk- stnMrlurv oii l)i« taini* aite, Ou 
3 Aug. IKU hf was iuTiTvil lu t]ie bead^ip '■ 
of (lie Niiftb«m IhpTi«t jVcA'Jemy, tlien on ! 
tli» point of bntig MtaUisli<ii) in ftmiirnnl, 
but be ]<rHfnrt«<d IMlond work. Inaotmlro- 
*cr»y trttUIIobrrt Ilall.wliifhlx'f^iiinli'ln, i 
ho took ih'! ude of c.\ou- i-uinmiuuim. mahing 
wlult iMptiam a tvnn uf parlitijiiitiuu in iK- ' 
Lord'a SuppCT. Jle niuili* iniiK.iim juunivys ' 
to ^odanJ in 1818 and \t^22, nud in cvi-'ry 
enlerpriae connecioj with liis nwii l-jody liV ' 
tjajM • proniioHOI pari. Tb« iiitelltfcioal 
nf* of Norwicb wu in bii> tiina conaidiTabln. 
Froail790li«waitainnRiWnf a 'snccuUtive 
•ocitrty," of whieli William Taylor Jij.v.J.llji! 
Ocnnan KhoUr,wn!i i}i>- lindini; BpinCaiid in 
wbicb (be mtltiTuI Roman oat uolic was wcl- 
cannl aloou villi tbe rcpmentativiM ut all 
piuImiaDi cauitliHjk Iii lAier Ufo Kingborn | 

gare tnticti (iinu lo Htbirw and rnbliiiiifpil 
Madies. Hi> died uiiuiurrieJ im I Stjii. !.■':{:>, 
and TCM biirivd on 7 S«pt. iuibs vi-alibulu 
of St. Mary's Cliaptd ; .TiiSfpli Jobii Ounicy 
'<). v.], tlir iiiiiikor pbilAniliropidt, ti^he at 


:a funr-rn! ; tho u'lmnn wia prMrh«<l bjr 
Joliii Alc.vnuclcr, niinistrr of l*nBC«'t Stivet 
coiign'gBtiuunl ckun^h. 

A liM of Iwviil vol' binpublicatjouiisffivcn 
by Wilkin. iiichiJin;;: 1.' A Ucfi-iiLffiftnfont 
llii]>t.i»m iM Wit ci'lifiilali'>tl,'&C,, Nolwicb, 

1 705, lanifi. J. ' Public WorfUip,' &c., Noi- 
wich, ISOO, ISino. :i. •AAArv^ ... on 
fburcli Comnmnion,' kc, Xorwicb, tSOS, 
IS13, If*JI. 4. 'Ar«iin»'nt» . . . a^tninrt iho 
Itixnon CHlliulic IVxrlrini^,' Sic, Niirwicb, 
ISM. 6. ' SrriouB Coiui>.U.-nktioiia aildn-iH'd 
tn tlu> ltouw» of leniel,' &i-., 1^11, li'uio. 
8. •Tho Mirni'W of Ji-siit. tiol pi^rfonufd by 
7. ■ Jvrlpluml .Vririianti'* for tlty Oiviiiilvnf 
C'bri»l,'Ai'.,Norwicli,].-l.i, l:;rai;lKN,Sro. 
S. 'Advict- ... to Youns Minirt<T>," &<■., 
Xorwicb, I**14. l^Jmo. 0. ' Unpluui a Tcrin 
of Com UI union,* Xorwicb, islo, Svo; iiro 
odiiio»«gaiiio vear; 1870, 8ro( bI*o 'ADe- 
fcnco'nfthip,S'orvrivh,IA30.Si>o. 10.'P»«c- 
ticnl <?nutions to StuiWlA,' Ac, Xorwicb, 
l**!", t*vo. 11. ' The Ar^mcol in •upporlof 
Iiifnnt iinptism frnm . . . CiiviiniciMon.'.Vc. 
Im'S, I:Jmu. 12. ' Artcuniittilx . . . neaimt 
MLii>d Conini union,* ii?., I**i7, l2mo. 
13. ■ Sl(*ttb of ibf I.if« of I li,r Kev. Unae Slw," 
Ac., 1827, l^^ino. II. ' Itrinarks on . . . ibu 
Viitiblo Cbiireh.' fie, Norwicb, 1(^211, li'mo. 
ll<^Ftlil^ R-ilierrson's "Clnri* Ptnlateiicbi," 
&e., Norwirb, 1S24. Svo.anO ilw Oili (IwU) 
aud 10lh(lr^7) iiditioneof A*b ami Kvnn>i'« 
'ColK-elion nf Ilymna' (1769). Ilii wrmon 
fin ibe ' S<r])aT<ili.' Sintp' in in vol. iL of tbo 
'BriiidbPrutdicT'lKII. Wilkin r nil mrratwi 
Iwelveof liiiunpublisbL-diuaniucriptn, chictly 
eoniroifrHHl. Tlw catulugui- of lii? libniy 
yn* publiiJied at Norwicb, Lf<S9,8ra. 

[Wilkin'i Joarpli Kingboni, ISlAi Urawnn** 
niw.Congr. yorf.»nd8nff. lS77.p.8S2:ToWt 
Kriiif Ili-lor.Skslcfaof tJMltapliU Ohur<<b in Si. 
3[nry's,Norwi«b[l886], pp. 14 ^ ; Juliitii'iDic- 
tioDnrynrUymnolif^, IBDJ, p. 112.) A. G. 

KINGHORNE, ibird Kmii. or, fSw 
Ly..\, l'.\inuk, liJli'-lflUii.: 

I.IA M I IH)ll-l>ti1 \ bi«lori&n of tlM-Crimuan 
war, boni."i.\uj:. 1 KM, wu tbp vldctt »on of 
Willlfiitt KiTiKbihr, JNinknr and nlicitor, of 

TiiiiTi; .11, -^.iincritt-t, by Mary, daui;bu-r of 
TliHiTj.i- S^ iHidfurdi', nuj., of Taunton. Ho 
liiid lW(i brotbnrs, Kobt-rt Arlliur nnd Jubn 
llBmillon. The KingUh'.* funiily ia nid tu 
liava been of Scottisb ori^ii, ibe otigiual 




naint) btiog Kitilocli, and lo linvv funx.' tu 
EngUnd ill the ivigu of JuiQi'^ 1, aiut gi^tlli'd 
la ScniMraet. It tbore acquiretl tlie e«tat«i of 
Saltmoor, wtidi dc«c(-tii)ed to the hiMorittn. 
KioglaicB enVB of liis molhpT: 'The most 
humblftuid pious of women win fct in proud 
a mother lliat Av could teacK her finii-bom 
•on no Wutts's livmns, no oollucls for the 
i%jt elie could leiwli Uira in onrliiat cbild- 
hood no leM than tlii»— to liud a hoiue iu his 
saddle and lo love old Ilomvr nud all that 
Hom»rsnng'(£>M>rn, The Hooinr, 
bo ftddl^ wfti I'opn's. He r>itnin«d hi* *hi1l 
in honxMniinahin, and though lie did not ^niii 
thi! UMiol seholaslic lionouw, hi) ciiioxiily 
Hquired » cliusicnl rL'(hiemi.-tit of tiL>tt. lie 
wu educated at Eton uudi-r Ki-nt(r,of whuui 
ho lia« left a moet cLaracteritilic portrait (ib. 
ch. xviii.), and in 1828 he eiitored Trinity 
Collage, Cambridge. It? was tho coUego 
OHitwnpontry una friend of Thnrkaray and 
Irfvd Tunny son. IIi* boeome B.A. in 183S, 
and M.A. ill \t*SO. lie entered Linooln's Inn 
on M Apll IbSi, and vra« colled to Ihi) bur 
on C May 1A37. He liad fthuut ItiSH loadu 
ih» Kiuttcni lour describod aflerwnrrt* in 
' E^llipn, or Traces of Trnvi'l bri)ii;;hl borne 
from thn Erut.' Tho Mnthley of flmf hool( 
WM Lord PcilliugtoTi. Myweri, his i!riig;i)- 
mnn, was iin liolel-liLi-ppT nt Const nn li nop k> 
duriiii; ihu Crimean war. Tlu* iKiok. u» (hv 
Iirufnoi- infonns us. wns llie r«ull of o third 
alti-miit after \ie had tnieu fnili-'d to aalisfv 
himst^lf, and did not ajipi^ar until 1844. Tt 
ahon'od Kinglake tobeamaaterof atnost ro- 
Hiied «tyle and subtle hnmouT, although he 
thinks it nMeMuy to npologiwfonbepafnble 
fnlluni of hUatUmpt* to nubdua tbs'almon 
boi«lpnm«tnno' of the originnl WTiting. Ho 

hiui L-nd«ivoiiri.-d. lii? adds, und \ie T hiiili!i xtio- 
(^t-asfully, to I'xcludi' t'rum it 'nil valuable 
niottfirderivi'd fronuli'- ivirke of others.' In 
triUb, lhou([li thA liixik wjis rather almirdlv 
Comp«ri'd with iheoMiuiiry nipordi nf trnvel, 
it in more akin to Wli-nie'ii 'Ki-ntiniflntnl 
Journey,' niid is n drli(jlilfii! TL-cord of jier- 
vonul impri'Miiin« rulbtr than oiilwiird fiictH. 
Althou>!)i a burrinler. and ubluining some 

little empi'ivnii'iit nn n cuiivi-yanciT, Kiiig- 
laVe c«T«d little for bl^ jirofeMion. He had 
iilwnvi' been intere«led in military history, 
and in IK4R he wmit In Al^vn and aMiom* 
panied the flying column of Ht. Amaud, 
whom bet nft<^r*nrdii deticrihod from pcr- 
Konill knowlt-dgi" {Inrrm'on vf thr (.'n'mrn, 
vol. ii. ch. i.) In Isn4 If f.I|i.w-,l ibe 

Enylifh expedition to the Cri ji, iumI waa 

iireu-iit at the bottle of tln' Aim . i ;'ii S.-pt, 
1(*J54). A fall from bi* pony rm i!i'' m-i'iiing 
of the day introdueiid him tn i.niil l^nglan, 
who happened to b(> near, and he dini\d with 


Itflglan in the i^eDiug. He staved with th-> 
army until the ooeningof the ttvee. Iu lh-'>H 
Lady Itaslnn axked him lo nnderl«ke the 
luRtory 01 the ciimpnign, and ivmmunioBled 
to him all the paprn in her pouMwion. 
Kinglake undertook the tuik, nnii exi'culed 
it with Mtraordiiuirv nm. He made tlif 
most elaborate inquiry into every incident 
of the war, carefully compared ull tbe aruil- 
<tbleevidenoo,and spared nolub'iiir in |)»li»U- 
ing the «tyle of hia luimtive. The lirat two 
rolumon of the * Invannn of tbe Crimea* 
appeared in ISflS, thn third and fourth in 
IStW*. llie fifth in 1^75. the tii\th in 1(W0, 
and the seventh and eighth in lS*<7. The 
ncalu upon which he v-orked wils probably 
excessive, and, as ibu tnletetit in the war 
declined, readen had lefn patience with the 
full dMCrij)tion of ininnt'e incidentn. His 
•trong prn]ndicot,««MCinllj-bi): moral indig- 
nulion against Napoloon 111 and hii loyally 
to bia &ond Lord Raglan, puve a party 
(one 10 tlie narmtive. lor which alluwancu 
must be made. Milila.ry eiperta have found 
fault with some of the judfpneuls of an ama- 
teur in war, (hongh admitting hts »kill in 
draling even with technical delnilfL His 
fric-nd Abraham Hnyward defcndnl bim in 
■Mr. Kinglukii and the quart nrlyi,' 1863. 
Tlie literary ability in any caiu i* r«njark- 
able ; the spirit of tbu writing is uenr 
ijuenched bv the mau« of diplomatic and 
military intormation; tbe oeouionol pnr- 
traita of remarkable men are admSraMy 
incisivMi The style is invariably polished to 
the In"! degree, and the narrative as Incid as 
it if animated. Kinglnke in \M7 was elected 
in tbi' libcnil interim for Uridgewster. Ho 
held hi> scat uutil 186^ in which rear be 
wiu unscnti-d upi>n petition and tbe botough 
diafranchised, Kiiigbdie himself, bowerer, 
was entirely incapable of the sli^bteet com- 
plicity in the corruption which was discloMd, 
and was only too innocent to MiSMct ita 
exiitence. A weiak voice and feahle dollverj 
prrventcd Iiim commanding the attention of 
the hoLine. lie took (1 piirt, however, in de- 
fending nil those whom be held to be victims 
of oppre»ion, He mured the lirst amend- 
ment 14 the Conspiracy Dill in I8&8, and in 
I860 vigorously denounced the annexuion 
of Savoy and Nice. 

During manv year* Kinjflake wat fully oc> 
CUpiedhyhl«lii«ion'. He lived in llydel'ark 
I'lnci'. and win a member of the Trnvelleni' 
nud the Alhenu'iim Clubs. He conhtautly ■ 
dined at the Atheuieum, in company willt ■ 
liifl friends, Abraham Haj wanirfj.v.l.'fliomas ' 
Chenery [a. v.], and Sir Henry liunbnry. 
A singularly gentle nnd attractive raannerJ 
covered without concealing the gvnerosit; 




ofMntunsnt aad chinlmaa senM i>f honour 
whiek ptaotpUid lua elmuont dnniinclations 
Qtwrong-Aotaif. Uo aufli-ivil kt the loat from 
cftDCM' of tlio toDfCHe, unA ban- with admir- 
able palienM «unVrui;^ hapgiily not very 
lodg prolncttid. Hi' dii'd ua :J Jau. 1^1. 
Hp Ti<qiiMi«(l hU exiKulor, Dr. J. H. Kin^'- 
Ul(e,to *pr«veatihepubticAtion of any wnt- 
mxa of hii iliai might bo found,' kiul doalroy 
•llaucb Mp»r* lu wm not n«e««Mrf to be 

Kintfli^hv ■* >*^i<I to lutvi! contributed to 
ihe ' Uwl,' with which bin frii'iid Lotirvnoe 
Oliphant im ouiinecltKl ; nud be yrroiv iu> 
srlicle upon Jittoie. <le l^byetie in 'BUck- 
w(M(l'a M^aiiiw' f»r Sogitvmber D^i^. Il« 
wTOtp twonrtiriM in Iho 'tjiiarl4>rl_v Hitvifiw,* 
nop utwo t>iR 'Kighia 'if Womnn' (Uccnm- 
bet l»ili, thi-' olbrr 'Tbo MitlitJ.-rmneiHi a 
Fr«ikchLaki''('^'>r<^b ll^tu). Hivuntjrolliur 
wo rk* Are lucul ioin-d ubovi?. 

[TinM, S Jan. 1891 ; Dlnckaooi'* UA^iuina 
for Fabniarjr 1891.1 L. S. 

;!),iDR)inkl writer, born in 17l>"i,c^i)tial<«l 

il>. kt Gutliiip>n,>ndHlm »iiK)imT nt. K>]in- 
Inu^Ii. •\ft<>r prBClii>in(; fir toToe- ynm a# ■ 
•iifgvon al (Thippiiig Norton, (Kfon I ■bir«, h4 
tntaovti (o Chilton-ii)K>n-l'oldcn, SomcrMl, 
and in 1902 to Tauntgn in the Mune connty. 
At Tannton bo fminratljr nttMided public 
tnMtbig* and tnodo Huuijr eloqutrnt nM.-ccli<!< 
inanppoirt of ibcfint Reform Bill. Hedi«d 
on 20 Stpt. IS^I^ at WV-el M'tnVton rvolon-. 
nonr Thud ton, I be rpiidi^ucu of bin Kin, Ihv 
Rer. W. C. KintUlu^ (f!f«l. .Ifny. IKIJ, ii. 
Gftl), llewtunnwaiiberof il]o U>>_\alM<<dicaI 
Society of Fdinburtrh, ibQ I'bynicnl t^oointy 
of RutitnffeB. nnd oilier leamrd bodii-^ 

Kioiiliilco attracttd eoimidi-TiibTi! atlrntion 
by liii writiQipt on piTit, in which hl^ ndvo- 
oalctl ih>*iyH>ling trMttnniil. Hl't lirat papera 
on the lubieel appeared in IMll and li^O^ 
in the ' Mvilical and PliyticalJoiininr (N<<«. 
3S aad 4^). }l»- viown wi<ri> o-inWii-d )>t 
Waidd, W. Pfrry, John Hunt, ,1. lung, oml 
Othnr*. lln replied lo bin nntA^ninti in: 
1.* A I)Uiw^ationonO«ul'(withai>prndix>, 
8vo, London. 180t. 2. ' Itopiv to Mr. Kdlin's 
tiro Cafc-a of Gout,' Svo, taunton, ISlll. 
3. * Additioaal Comm of Guut.'8vi>, Taunton, 
160r. 4. 'StriotupM (in Mr. Pnrhiuoi^n'e 0I>- 
MrratioiM on the Xaiiirv and Cuni of Ooui. 
. . ,To which nro a<ld«>l, Two Lett«r* to 
Dr. nayKMth, containing IWinrka on tlia 
OninJocu bn ban lately piibliiih<id on .\cut* 
lUwumatutn,' Sro, Taunton, IH07. Uo alw 
publiabed Kiine ouriouj ■ Obaenntiun^ on th« 
HedlMl Bfleda of DiRilaliK ' i n tb«< ■ Medital 
and Pbralcsl Journ&l 'for 1600, iii.I^. In 


MacnisU'a ' Anatom}" of Drunken nsM,' tbora 
is B shprt article by llto author on Kingl&ke'a 
cXjieriment wilb elhor. 

(WBtf»Bibl. Brit.] 

Kisrn, ICnwduii, l71Wi-]83T.] 

!(*!>*), disiuntinit raiainicr, wa» horn in 
Bi9bopBgHiFStn.-(Ti, London, in l^i.lulj- 1744. 
On the death of bia father, Tbuma* Kings- 
bury, in 1769, lie wu placod at .Mcrchanr. 
Ta^lot^ Sduml, but lome Iwu Tt^nrx lalur 
ncaivad a nomination from Sir John Bar- 
nurd [i^. v.J fbr Christ'* Iln^pitHl. Liraviii^ 
them lo 1758 he ontawd tlit^ oongp-gaiioual 
BCodiMnT at Mile Bad, wherr he tiiidioil undiT 
John Cxiudvr [q. v.] and Tbouaa (jibbona 
[q. r.1 AftM much miMiial oonfliet h* wna 
conrerI«id towards llie clow of 1700, pmiolMd 
bis flr«i uprmon at Betlmal Green in Auguit 
1763, nnd wil* ovdaiaad miniitler to ibo ind«- 

r-nd<-nT pongreaation at Soulhatuplon on 
.\ui(.17<i6. iTuAKibe remained mm« forlT- 
fivHyi.'Br3,ntiraL'lingalBTjraeDingrwation by 
th« vt idunt ennu^tnen* ofnis pntacliing. In 
1770, when John Howard tbcpliibinlhropiiit 
waa nt Southampton, Kin^bury Inid th« 
fonndationH of a lifelong iniiuiacj with him, 
and ooutributAd toam particnlara to thu life 
of Howard bv JnmM Baldwin Brown the 
older Ji|. v.] Another cloM friend waa Jolin 
NVwton[ij.v.], Ilio intimntcof thfipoet Cow- 
pw. Kinipburj-wnjastron/nupportOT-of the 
uovHmi'ni which duvfUitnif into tliel,oiidon 
MiatioDary Society, and in ITM be draw 
up by wque« aVirtular Itfttt-r tif epp«al 
lo the iod^endent churches IbruiiDbout the 
country. Som* diaparagiiw r«niarlu let l^ll ^ 
in n aermon br Riclmrd Muit, B.D., re>c1or H 
of All SouU', 8>>iitbnmptnn, in thi* aame 
yenr, druw from Kingsbury hii onn conlio- 
viiminl work, ' The Miuint-r in mhirh I'ro- 
tMtant DiaMDtuta perform Prayer in Public 
Wonhip vindicated,' London, 179(1, lUrao; 
t\uf tracl rnpidly passed tliroufh two tidilioct, 
InltWtf Kiiig>hury,who bud since l"7i con* 
ducted n imall icbnol in nildition tu bit 
putoral dutiii, found hiiniolf iiit>>|iLiiI lo Li* 
work. HeformnUvrcaigwdhia prulumieou 
■J» July in thnt y.-ir, wlii-n a «liwnd of 200/, 

rnr annum, of which be would nnly iuv<'pt 
HOIiWoadTeredbini. llcdii-dnt Carurshiim 
on 18F*b. 18IS,andn mural tabl<TtmiL*ctvi:i«l 
to hia memoT}- in lli« ind«p«n<I'?nt chapel at 
Sonthompton. Kingsbury marriuil in Novom- 
b«T 1768 a Mia* Andt«wa, daughter of Morde- 
cai AadTew«,anindopcnd■.■ntminiM■■rinIJon- 
don, bj whom * aon, Thomna, niid a. daugh- 
ter, Suob, who marriLHl one Jomcion, sur- 
vivod him. A memoir, lO'^-^thur with a do- 




Kings ford 

votioiial diury kepi. I><r King^liuiT ilurinr tlie 
lattpr yviiir* of lii> lifi-, vaa piiblislied by 
Joliii ISiiUnr of Snufhnuiptoii iu ISlfl. 

KiriR^biiry pulilishud, bwidoe tlin work 
in.;nli(inod ttboTV, a numbm of ftini-ml wr- 
moiiB. Aocipj'ofi)ne,wluclii»nattncntioni--d 
ill ih» British MiiBi-iim Ciilnloifuc, ou tli« 
' Life, I^bow, nml IJopiirtun.' of tliB Rev. 
Edwiin,! AslibiifnRr,' delivL-rud at Pool« iu 
Dor»i>i, fi July 1804, ia in Ur. WillininVs 
Libmry. AnaihiTBiTiuun, inil)!i»lie^ in I'SC, 
on ''I'fii; SickneBi aud Iwcovory of King- 
Hextkiuii,' was ■ occasioned br the hnppy 
recoitrj- uf his UoJMtip' (George III). 

[Life by Bullari VTiImii'* DlsaciutingCharelici, 
i. 100. ii. 449. iiL £03 : Biojf. DIci-HfLiriDgAii- 
Tlion. p. 100; Brown'* Ufoof H"vr»nl. p, 11)1; 
Ii^rliTii^'* Cjolop. Bill. 1732: Morisun'a Mii- 
nion^rv rnlht-fT ] T. 8. 

lt<(*2), pliilatillinj|iii^l. WM born on M Mny 
iSOa. Hb WLi« wcnivd son of Thorans Kinpi- 
colc (rf, 1811), who WHS brother of H'tberl 
Kin2»Cot«of KinK»cote,0]i>ii«4ti^r9bire; hia 
motncr wna Unmet, fimrlh dtiughter of Sir 
lluoty IVvton of l^odlu^tou in tli« same 
couiitv. 111' vat L'diii-al>^ ui Ilurrow, nnd 
I'orly twcaini' a crickulM* and rid»r to hounds, 
llu was MX fet't flvu incliM in hi-lf[hl. Un 

r laved hie firsl mntch nt I^rd'* on 21 Mny 
823. In 1837 he was olecl.-d prc».icluni, of the 
Mftirlobonc Cricknl Club. A nnrrow cacnpo 
fnim lirowning lurni'ii hiN altt-iilioLi to reli- 
giouk mnllcmi lie Im'OMih^ a frieud of Bishop 
Itliimfiiild, uid with hlui wm iusininimtJLl 
in foiindidg tlw Churt'li of EiieUnd Scrip- 
ture Kc'iuh-ri' Aisuciaiiou and tno Mniropo- 
hlnn Viailing and R^'lief AtMcintion, of 
wUidi liy was a tniM** all hi* lifi?. In lfi4B 
hi) ptiUishod n panipbliit-k'lti-r to lliu Arcsh- 
bi»liop of f^nnlprbiiry 'ni tin- iii-eJii of tin' 
cbiircli, which mn ihrLiu^rh wvural i>(litions, 
uud in itbL-uri;t'dtlii!i!.\l<.-ri»ionnf lay n)ffnry 
anil llie foiiitdntldn 'jf iit^w bishoprics. In 
1846 hu hulpil IQ found ih'.^ Southwnrk 
l^ind for tchooli) and cliuri'lu'i, aD<l in 1H17 
hn hnlpi'd in alh'viurinK x\ie dislnm in [rt~ 
hind, llo ii-nt oul inppliM to thu troopo 
duriintlhuCritni-nnwor. Iu I8fWKin)isC'>t* 
niui ouo of tbu foundtTd of iho BrJtiah and 
CdloDial Eniij.Tiilion Society; he wu» iiUn 
till' founder oC llic scliomo for lutnblif^hing 
workshops for the indi[i;i-n[ blind, which irat 
not I'wry 6iicc*'s»ful. nod of tbi; Niiiionnl 
Orplinit Atyhini nr Ham Common- Kiiijpi- 
cot« di«d on 13 Jidv 1>*S2. lli> inairit'd, uu 
11 July ISS.'i, Ilaxripi Kliiubuth Tower of 
Weald Hull, Giaex, and by her had three 
tons and Qve daii|;bti.-t4. 

(TiniiH, M July 1883; Li!tfwhiii>'» CrirkH 
Swros and BiogwphiM, i, 188; Box'i Koglish 

r>aaio vf Crifk«l, p. 101 ; Niairod's HmliM 
TMur.p.1BS; Moaof llialtdga; IturU'tlNaU 
Oontry.] W. A. J, 1 

].m<lll,Tl(r>UL>, I"l»;)-lh0f.] 


I IH88), doolorof mpdicin<" ond n>ligi(nw wrilrt. 
' daiishti-r of John Uciniu, was born at Min - 
' lund i'oinl, Stmlfoni, Kwm, IU A^pt. l-i', 

and wai baptiiH.>d Annii.'. She married ia 

18(1" Algomon Oudfrvy Kinpiford, vicar ill 
i Alcham, 8hrop«liir». From 18IS8 to ISTJ 
' slip wrote Stones in tha ' Penn_>- lV>»t," sij^wd 
I Ninon KinRvford and Mrs. Al^ruon Kinii*- 

ford. In 1870 she tra« nicnvmi into llw 
' Itoiunn cntholic cburch by Cardinal Manntngr, 

nnd bIil- iidrjplod tlin christian unmi's Auiiic 
I Murv MajfJulcn Maria Johanna. In IW7iA« 

fiircliawil and edified in lieroirn namt^ 'Tbe 
■iidv'n (Jtt'ii Paper,' in which aho slmiuoaaJT 

I snpporrrtl the morpniDnt againsi vivist^lioii, 
but aim giivn upthi- paper in ]tdl,nnd in 1874 
wi-nt to Pari* to cotnnimci' modiciJ MudiM. 
On 22 July 1880 »lir n«<;ivi)d thr d.-prvc of fniin I hi' faculty of Paris. She had thr<n 
adopt i-d vi-^it'Iiiriun prtncipk-v. aud Ihi.- title of 

I herthi-siswa»'l)t>I'ali>n<Mitalionvi'^gfluli?cbi-ji 
I'homin'' ; ' Ibis, translated and wiUrye-d, waa 
niiblishi'd in London. l8SI,as'The Perftwl 
iVav in Uiel.' Mr». Kingsford soon oniMjiM 
in till' activn praclici' of a London phyHiciaii, 
but her attention wa* lai^ly di-voii-.l tu 
mynfical subji-cta. Sbi> hcouoin pr<-udi>nE of 
thi'Tlii-'Wopliirnl Socii'lvin lt*i3.uiidfonn<li-il 
ill 18(*1 ibL- lIcTruL-tio SiVirly. In IN<7 ncold 
caught while vinitiii); M. Piulvur's laboratory 
on a snowy day deii^loped inl<i puliDonafy 
ci>nsiiniption. She removfKl to tne RJriera 

' without b'>nn(it, ond, reromin^ to Londoa, 
dit'd nl Wynnsiav Gnrdcni, Kr^iuinglOM, 
22 Feb. 1SS8, hiring Ijuriod in .\Icbanicbutieli- 
yard. She h-ft a danghter. 

In jwrHon Mn. Kiiusford was singularly 
iM'autiful; asa doolorsh« was very aUGoCMful 
with woiiicn; shealsowasoiieof iheploaeeM 
in tlivcauscof lhelug1i«>rodiicAlionof<voiBen. 
MurhdniibtexistAUtOihi-failbin which she 
died. Hot aim n» a rclipoui ti-iichi-r was to 
reconcili'l'lmstianily with her own niydical 
lheurii.'i| and to liriri^ prominently forward 
Ibe coniiectiuu uf Cbri«[ianily with eastern 
faiths, a connection which hiul in b?r opinion 
been long obscurftd. Thi? ITennelic Sticiety 
still exists in this count rv. nnd has a certain 
foltowinK in the I'nilod Slatct. 

Mrf. hini[»ford'icbinfirorluwnrn: L'Bim- 
Iricc, a Tab' of the Farly Christians," I.on- 
dou, |8(!.1, I'imo, remarkable ou account of 
the youthful a^- of the nuthorwi. :!. 'Rirer 
Reeds,' a tolume of ¥e»o, eloob., London, 








18H& 3. ■ Th.- lVTf«-t W.y.orlUe FindiiiK of 
dmi; IjMnd'm, IWL'. ho: reristdeil. ifOyt: 
3n] nl. lt«!A). in ibU work Mr. li<lnnr<l 
_1t.ii!liiiiil LviiMpil. 4. *Tltu Virvin <•( tli<i 
■'.' tnuiflaleil, with a prrf«», fpom 
i"« Mvrcuriu* Truiiic^iiliiH,' lijW, Jlo, 
A, ■ A*irol'ii(yilKioliiri'«l.'!HWB,4to,«pp|)rint, 
iriiU 4 pwfiKv. of • iTiirk irf X'uli-ntini' Wui- 
nliw. 6. ■ Ilnlth, iWuljr, and ibi- Toilut.' 
LimiImi, ll^fS. 0vi> (:in(l ikI. «un<r }-<'>r), a 
nprint (if Mti-ni vrliich appeared, Iwil-tl, iii 
tlw * Lady'ii Pt^oHnl.' TIimw uwasioitnl 
tnina aJrcnt ehlicisia, •« uiidioiiing arlU 
flculaiilfitobui*!;. PlMtliaBiini»,aml'dil»(l 
\iy Mr. KclwiirdMaitland.irpn;: 7. ' I>ri4iiiii 
and l>n-ftiii Stotii«,'l«*S, tivo. S.'Clollod 
wii )i I hi' SuD,' NiTiT York, I SSd, 4 to, a cuiioiu 
ntllrYiion of what ant Urmed t^ tlw editor 
* illuniioiiiiimi.' 

[TinM. ST Feh. ISM; U<lr's PIctciflal. 
3 Harch IMW (poftmU frnm a rliiilograpli and 
■VuiaiKvnoM by Mn. rrnvrck-Millcrl ; Tnblct. 
mSH (iMIfn frnm Ur. lCJ*-;tnl Mnillnni] a* I« 
vhclbrT Mn. KiBg<ifaTtl iliad in lh« catholic 
Ciilh); lUn'* Women of iha Bay: printeiti- 
fomatkm.f W. A. J. A. 

KINGSLAND. VwfoifKT*- [S<»lJ*a!CB- 
wor.t. NliiioLW, IfiftJ-Iti'lS, firat Viworsr; 
]t*Ksi:ir^LL, NiriioLAS, llM^-tTlfO, tliinl 

K1KG8LEY, Cn.\RLES (ISlS-ldra), 

auiliur.i'Hi nf ili^ Hvv.CLarlM Kiocalej-, Km 

o f ttnttrnauli-'V llniiw in (lie New 

^^hU wifr, duiiulitiT of Nniliaii LHcan of Uai^ 

^^■•(kws and Kiubford I/xVe. Norfolh, was 

^^fcra on yj Jitiii- IH1!> nt llolw Vicarage, 

^^poTOBtbir*. Hi* Ctttii>f, a dnMMnxInnl of an 

I^^Sd Auaily wlikli luid produond many Mldinn, 

bad bam btvl ai a rounir^ k**ii1*(iia>' : but, 

tnwa tbo carrli3snr« nf kis nmrdian* duruif( 

a lon^ minoriir, bad bcwu lotoed to adopt a 

fruf«Hiun, and had liiki-nonlmBftrrthirly. 
[e beramv aiv|iiniiilcd, wtiilf Hlu'lyintt ot 
Trinity ilaU,Cambrid|CV. with IIi>rlvri Murali 
[q. V.J. ihea prafetMr ol dtviniiy. and in 
1810 binhop of Pnlarbomnsli. lie tonk n 
I curacy in ih? too*, and afl-TworiU at Holnn, 
I wlMQiot bi> moml to ltiirl»n-on-Trvat and 
Clifton ill Nolliiwbnnuhir«. He lield llie 
I vfttuabli! living urBannck in Norihamptuii- 
abiiv ibi'lwirii lV(erU>r<>u).'h nnd 8latnford) 
fnmi IhiM to IKX), nntil tb-^ w>ti of Itiglmp 
j llafab eould laki* afd«T«. He eau^t ngiM 
' In til* f<n eounlry, and wa* adviwd ii> ro- 
I nor* to DRVOniihin>. wbntv he wo* nhwcnt4id 
to f^Lovallf. Hnmenainnjilion'tili. inl83<t, 
ho bnmmp nvlorof St. I.uhe'a, (.'hobHia. He 
di«l on i>ll>Vb. Ituw at tlie Ckelaea nwtory, 
ia bia *i>i<ial}'-«i({blfa y«ixr. 

Cbadea va* « preeooiotu child, wTilin)^ 

Mriiiuti* and paean nt tbr npi; of four, Hn 
wa» (tflioutu and KluittTe, and n?«»in«d 
llimu^li lifp th>- imnrcwlona niaili- nixm Uim 
by tlir tc^nprv of IIm feiH auil of ('Ioti»1Ij. 
.Vi ('I(iT«lIy lie Uiaral to boat, to nil*, aiMl 
ta cnllnct ebr])*. Iii 1^1 he yrn* BMit 10 a 
Khool at Clifton, and hiw th<' Briitol riola 
of AuKuM li^l, irbirh he mt* f»r luimo 
vrarn made bim a IIion>u(^i orialooat. In 
\>*S2 iu- was iwDi lo ihf Knntmar aobool at 
Helatan,Conin-aIl,tli<Mi under D«rtr«ii t Oole- 
rid|te [q. v.], thouffh ir iit laid tliol R. C. 
Hawtrny [q, v.l wisliod him to go to Kimi, 
fn>ni r<f[>nina ofliii rnrly pruiniii'. Kin^lny 
Trai not n clnsv otiidi-iii, tboiiKli be iJiowi^ 
Kfi'Ut intvlIotTiunl oi^iiritv. Hit wa* not 
iiopulaf, rntbvr di'spiniug fii* fvlloiri, carinir 
Lttlefor the regular guiiet,a]tlKiut;h foiid of 
tt*i» of af^lity and of wn^ excur»iaiit in 
warch of pJanta and geological spccitaena. 
Ill) wrot* a good d«*l of povtry and jmoiical 
ptnuf. In iN^i be wnnl with hi* family to 
Ixradon, and bfcatiwi a ■ludi^nt at King'a 
College, London, wnlkitig in nnd out fmoi 
Chelaea. Hi- worked Imnl, but fiuiiil ten- 
don life dimnal, and wa* not a littli- bored 
by iW pansli work in wliich bis falbcr and 
mothfn- were nbtorbed. H« dBKrib<« the 
diHlrict viMlor* aa ngly oand ftpUj-fooled 
bring*, ' thrvofourtbii of whom can't nng, 
and the other ounrl<T sing milenoul oftunr, 
with voi(;t» like lorn-niok ]MUTot*.* In fh;- 
tobw ieS8 be entenxl MndJalcne College. 
Cambridge, nnd at ilie end of h\i tint yenr 
gained a ncholaisbip. In the following vacar 
tioii. white Dlaying witli Win fnili-*r in the 
countrv, be inei, on C July li^-TO, bis fntiire 
wife, f'aiiny, daughter of I'omwo (iivtifcll. 
That, Ik Mid sft«TiiardB, waa'm^ lt*l wisj- 
diD|(>day.' Tht^v )ic;:nn an ooCMiOIial corrc- 
■pondenee, innWb Kingilnycontnitedrety 
fully to tlu^ nligioiLi doabti br wbici) be, lin 
other*, waa tonnenlcd nt the time or the 
Diford movement. He waa ocoaMoaallv to 
lundi depremed by ihmo tbonghts, and bjr 
llie uncertainty of any rulfilmeiit of Us 
hope*, that be aomMiniM thought of l^^ring 
('nnibridgVlo'bccomcBwild pmiriehnnti'r.' 
His attachmnnt to Mita OiviiFrtll mii-nited 
oa an invaluable irntminl, lie read Cole- 
ridge, Ou-lyle, and Jlaurite witli great int«- 
tMt. Mcanwliiles ihou^ liii itudiM wcm 
10 hare beta rather deMiItoir, be was popular 
atimU«ge,aBil ihrewbimwlf into evoty kind 
of opnrt lo dialract his mind. Hn rowod, 
thoagb be diil not attain to \ha fint Imat, 
but apMiatly dftligbtrd in fiiJiiag "xpeditiutu 
inlfl the fern and eUcwlwre, rodo out l« 
Se<lgwiek'a equealrion lecture* on gootogj. 
and leanit boxing under a negro ]iria»-llght«r. 
He was a good pedMirian, and on«e walkw) 

Kings ley 



to London in a day. }Ii* ilistraclioio, in- 
telleclual, emotional, and athletic, mndahim 
ri'pird tliL* rvg'iilnr cfiiipan of "t inly (u n pniii- 
fiil druilg^ry. Il-- read cliissics with W . II. 
Bdt-json [(J. rj, (iftt-rwnrJs inmtL-r of St. 
John's, diiriHK his first und third yi-ars. Iml 
could not. lie induwd tu work liunl till Lis 
liut MX moiillis. Ill- iheu by rpmI effort 
iucoeodud in ubltiiuiug ilii- luVi phei in the 
firtt olas* of the clftMioal tripn^ of lrU'2. He 
was a 'unior oplimn'in tho previous mnthe- 
lUftlical tripo«>. IIi> Und bytni* limn decidiid 
to t&ke ordiirvinnd in July 1812 wMorduini'd 
by the niilmpof WmclimlDr In thi-'cursi^yuf 
I'lwwlny, I Inininhin.'. Eversli'v i» u" the 
bofdors i)f Windsor Fon'Bt, & wild heallit-r- 
cuvirmd country, wilhn thyn ii^'Iucl'il p^pil- 
Intion of ' broani ^^iiires * nnd donrstoalnrs, 
und irilli a cnnM'l(<ni1>l<^ infuMon of {{ipsivj*. 
Kin^aley di«liki>d tlm Oxford nclionl, which 
tohini rrprracmtod ■nt'in'diitiitisni, UACi-liuiBm, 
nnd Manichicism, and was viifferly rfailiiif; 
Slnuriri;'* 'Kin^ploni of ChriHl." CarlylH utid 
Arnold wun- aUo aiuung hi« pTO]ihcf«. He 
and geiinino grnipnlfiy with ihi- piwr, but. 
livedaeoclodwilifr. with lit) If sop icily hi'Vnnd 
that of fnw friondi in Ihi; Mililnry OolU-p' 
nt Sandhnrnt. A Vffnr'i inlurruptioti in llii' 
ccmciiponduncs willi liia fuluri! n'if-! impliva 
n eaoMc for dt^iireaaion. lu 8>?))ifinbi>r 1843, 
however, hi! obtninod throuah one of her rw- 
latiotu, Lord Sidnojr Qodolphin Oabome, n 
proiuino of a living from Lord PoTlmaoi and 
waa adviwd lu uppl)"iti ihrtiiinnnlimoforllio 
fiimov of l'ini|n-riin, ni^iir Blnndfini. Tin- 
furuey wii* promi"cd,nnd ih't com'-iiponiU'ncp 
wn^rvnuwa. Knrlyin IS44he mnrrii-d. Thu 
living of ICvonlL'yffll vocnnt ut ihL-lioiL'.and 
thi'. pariiihionvrs wcri' uniioiia thut he sh'juld 
vnucL-vil to it. In Muy |K44 hi- wu« accord- 
iuglf pMuentvd !•> it by Sir Jnlin Cope, the 
]iatTon,Bnd nettled iliero a» ivctoreooii aRoi^ 

HMTjr dilnpidationi and nrmar* of pooiv 
Ml* fall upnn tlin now incumbi'ni ; tin- houx.' 
waa unnsiilL-aomi.'. and much drainnga viiia 
mqnired. Tbi-thurfhwaai-niply; nOKTOWQ- 
iip labouren in the jwriiih could i«ad or 
write, and pverylhing wn« in a state of i»- 
Hk'Kl, Kiii(^h.'y *»I lo work vigornusly, <uid 
in lime ■iicr.i'R>f>itly. to rmnfidy thi* itatit of 
ihiii^. 11 in only ri'prtuit ion won nnoccnnional 
day'» fiahing^, nnd iDmHiinn n duy with the 
houndi on nn old honiu ' pitkud up chvup for 
panonV work.' In 1^-1 1 hit madu acqtniiut- 
unco with Maurici', lo whom lie lind written 
for advice upon aume of hia djlllciilties. 
Maurice soon liecame a revvTed tViend, whom 
I1* deli|(hled to call hia ' aiaatnr.' In IMS 
h* was appointed a canon of Middloham by 

Dean Wood, father of an old coll^v friand, 
a post which waa merolj honorary, tliough 

hialoricjilly intePMting. 

In IHt'2,juiil nrtnr taking hU dWM. h* 
hiid b.-)(iin lo writn iho lifn of St. FJiiabeth 
of llungury. JIa tinatlr changed hi' ori^nal 
proso into a dritmn, whir.h wn* occoplod, aflnr 
aome refuBnla from puhlish'rn, lir Maaan. 
Parker, and B|ipHuri!d at llii- be^niiiiix of 
1848 «'ith II prcfaeii l>y Maurice. The book 
excited interest both in Oxford and in Oer- 
mnny. It wn« much ndmimd bv BnnjtiMi, and 
n mvinw by Coiiinirlon, though not vwry fa- 
vouniblr. h-il to a frirndnhip with tho critic 
Whih; nhiiwin^ hiKh i>octicaI promiiH!, and 
iudet^d L'outiiinintj •onto of hia iHut woil, it 
ia also un oxpusition of bia aentimmits uptra 
the aocial and ruliifioas morementa <rf th« 
day. Thoui(h espreMing ayinjpalhy wttlt 
medifrvnl lifn, it ii n (^haractTiMtc protmt 
nifnin't the n«ivlic thooricM whirii. ax lie 
thou({lit, ti-odcd to dt-arudc: thn do(!trin«of 
the luarriap- bond. Tin- iMr^tii of 1*18 lod 
lu a mi)ro direct uttiTaui-Ls His admiration 
for Miiiirice bn.vij'ht about a close a»ociati«n 
with th'» (iroup who, with Maurice tor leader, 
w.-rti nli.Tiipf ing 10 give a Christian direiclion 
to the wicHilist movement then liec^niing 
conipinuona. Among othmM hi^ cntne to 
know A. 1'. Slsnloy, Sir. Froiid<\ Mr. I^d- 
tow, and pii|M.>cinlly Mr. THomiui Iliighca, 
ancrwarcU hia moxt intimate frii>nd. ilo was 
appointed crofc-s^ior of l^ngliih litmturo is 
Queen's Collfsi-', IlarlM- Stn.i!t,jml founiled, 
with Maiirici; a« prtBiaelil. nnd (pK'e a connw 
of weekly lecturea, though ill-in-ntlh foreed 
him to giro up tho potl a rtfar later. H'u 
work at KviTaley prevented htm from iskin)]; 
*i) uctivii a part lu lome of hia IViend*, but 
h<! hiMirtilyiympulhiMidwilh ibnir •ima.and 
wiu- a irnilud odvin-r in Ihnir arhfimra for 
ppomoling co-opemtion nnd 'L'brirtinn ai>- 
cialiHm.' lli« literary* gifis witp »ipiTin11y 
valuable, and hia writitii^wurv marked by ■ 
fornd and genuine enthusiasm on liulialf of 
the p<M>r. lie contribuled pnpers lo Ibe 
' I'ohtiM for tho IVople,' of which the firel 
numbi!r(of iicivnnto«npublii'hi-d>ap|ifnrei1on 
a May lelS. Ele took thi- aignatHre ' rnrMin 
IjUI,* uu ucconnt of a, diMitnoiun with bia 
friends, in whicli, biding in a minority of ono, 
he had taid that he fell liki- I,ot, ■ when bo 
aoemad aa one that mocked 10 his soomb- 
law.' Under the tamo name he published K 
pamphlet called ' Oheap Clothes and Nasty * 
m InSO, nnd a (ood many contrihiilioii^ r.i 
thci ' Chriitian SorinlisI ; 11 Journnl ni \-- .- 
eintion,' whieh nnoparpd fiMni 2 Nl>v. I.--'iO 1.. 
28 June 1851. 'fli'r pumphhit wa» n-prinlnd 
with 'Alton Locku nnd a preface by Sir. 
Thoraae Hughes in lti6l. Ue prwluced lus 






flnl twn iHTvl* umlrr ili*- uimR iiifluMiCM. 

■ XritM ' WW pabtiihi'il in' l-Vosor'j .MofCftxinc' 
iathm autumaaf IKi8. llnliBd bivngrvBtly 
exoilcd by ibe otmiU 'if the prcvioua montlu, 
BihI irn)t« it at iii|,'li(TaA«rdBviBpeDt iiilmrd 
Mrithwork. A eomp1«t« breakdown of hea lib 
IoUowmI, He went for r««l to Bounwaioutb 
in Oetobor, and after a tecond collane aMnt 
tbe wtnt«r iu North Dnron. A furUior holi- 
day, alao Vpnit in Ditvoiuhlm, tinmmn nrees- 
•ary in Im9. Thi- etpcoic* of siokni-fu nnd 
tbc beary ntv* at Ev»V»li'r trit-J liia linanL'tu. 
tlo rMiirn«(l the aBICl^ of clm'k-iii-^nli-rf at 
St. Lulw'l,CfaelMa, wliidi li<- hud hi-ldsinw 
bla BtirlaciB, but nhicli be nnw fi-li to be a 
aineeitre. Toniakuuphiiiinoni'^lii^r^anKtid 
to Iak« pupils, and bT a grmt ■'fforl finifihfid 

■ Alton lAxkB ' in tin winbir of 1849-M. 
M(«*nu I^liM declined it, thinking tbat tbry 
bail auffi-rcd in rMiutalion by iho piitilica- 

tiun of ' YtiiBt.' It waa, bowuvyr, Bi:ci.-ptcd 

l>j JIuMn. Cliapmaii & Hall on the ivcom- 
BMndatiuu of Cartvlo, uiid appmra to haT« 
bnraght the aatbnf IbOl. {luitgtlry, i. J!'?). 
It ira*piiMi>hfxl in August 18>V),Hnd wa^d^v 
■cribod hv I'arlyW nx a ' fcTrid creation ttill 
left lialf cbaotic' 

KtngatryV writinjpt oxpoMd him at lhi< 
time 1 1> many undoftMlgTowty unfair altiu^hii. 
In 1861 ha un«cli«d a sermon in a lyjiidon 
churcb which, with xh» f<dl laiowledgi* of 
tbe iocunbent. wu to gire tlu ciewa of the 
ChnMiaa aocialisla, and m» called <Tbe 
UaaMg* of the Church lo tlie labouring 
Han.' At tbn nnd of thn »>rni(in, hnwevtir, 
tbi! ineumbitnt rou^ nnd nrfiii-ntiMi nflitinnt iti 
t4Mcliuw. The urea* tooJt t he matter up, and 
Um> Bittop of London (fNomftdd) fmbade 
Kingalej to peach in bia diotNMO. A meet- 
ing; of worlcing-inen wat held ou Kunniu)rton 
CommoQ to support. Kinp>Iey. The avrmon 
wai printiHl, and the hiiihnp. slt«r Mauig 
Kini[itl«T, wiikdnrw (he pn>iiiliittOB. 

Tu« (ear of nnyibinft called »ociaIi>an wan 
nntaral at ilic titni' ; but Kinjtalry m-riir 
■donlcd the aocialiat creed in a im'iuu which 
conid BOW fthoclf the moit conA^ri alive. In 
politics he w«» in later life rntlirr a tory 
than a radical. He fervently believeil in llie 
llooae of I>irdii {mv e.^. KingtUy, W. 341-3), 
■lrteai«d tbc Jklancheatflr achool, and waa 
oppoted to nw«t of th« radical platform, 

■ Y«Mt'4l»d' Alton Locke' indend ihnw na 
«VMi pudoaate ivnipalliy for the suSuriDflv 
r>f tlH>a)(TicnlttirafLibaiireraadaf thu l^tndon 
krttian. Tlt>? ballad of the ' jMachur'i widow ' 
in ' Y«*«t' in B deuiiiiciai lun of (,'ame-pr^ 
— r rcw ripifoiw cnnnK'i ''^ Mtisfy the most 
iboroiipb^^nin^ eliinint. Itiit-Kio^ley'aaen- 
timenl wu Ihnrouahly in harmony With Ibn 
eUaa of (qnite* and count ry clergymen, wbo 

1W. JXU. 

rcqiiimi in his opinion lo lie n>inied to tbeir 
dalic«, not d«f nred of (lu'ir privileges. Ho 
therefore did not sympnlhiKc with the Ii'iily 
revulutionnrr morrmrnt, but IooIiihI foi- a. 
rvmedyuf admit ted evils to the prauotion of 
< c<M>per«tion, and to xountl Muntary Icpiiilit- 
tion (ill which he was ftlwaya airongly uile* 
restM). H« aUon abon all lo diivct pupn- 
laraaprationabvChmtian prineiptea, which 
alone, aa ha held, could produce Inie liberty 
andeouolitT. Thuii,whnntfaapa»ionsrouH>il 
in ImS had cooled down, li« caawd to be an 
MCtiTe Afptator, and beciuno tolcnlly recon* 
ciled to the exiting aider. 

In |i^)I be was attacked with ktom iin- 
fuimou or itiipidity for the tupposwl immo- 
rality of ' Yeut,' Mid replied m a leller to 
the * Guardian ' by a mnttiri* impHdmliitime, 
which allowed bow deeply he hod been at unv. 
He HOufrht relinf from worry and work in 
the utitumn of 1861 br bin lirat tmir nbr'Md, 
hriufj^nt' back from Ihc Khine iinpTV>sinn« 
aftnwards u«ed in * Two Vtnni \fr:' l)no 
of Ilia private pupilisMr. John Miirlmeau, lioi 
EJTpna vPTy virirlaceniintorliiiihomelifenl 
Kremlcv during thii p'riiHl ( Kin^lti), \. 267- 
SO**). Ha bud brought ihingu into bell«r 
order, nnd uftuc hi* holiday iii It'.'il wosable 
liir aome time to work without n cumle. 
Not being; able to j^-t niiolhi-r pupil, he 
WA" compelled to coutmue bin work uncltt- 
handed, unrl again b-.-cume orer-nxhaiuit^d. 
His remarkable novel, ' Hypalia,' orriainly 
one of the mogtaucc*.u>«riila<teuipif<mavi.Ty 
diRicutt litxrary itylo, appeand in 18i>3.aft«r 
povning through ■ FnaoraMaginne.' tlwaa 
well TMvivcdin(iermanyt*wellnsKng1snd, 
and highly praiaed by Bunien (.IfcxHtr*, ii. 
300). Maurice took a port in criticinng it 
during ila prognno, and gavo Kigxe«tioiis 
which Kingsley turned to accoimt.Xilwhia 

Crions books, it ia intauded to oonny n 
on fortbcday, dealing with ananalofpiiia 
period of intellect nol fermentation. It shuwi 
bia brilliant powr^r of ironxtntclinga vivid, if 
not too nccurale. piclu^^ of « pnit aocinl «)ale. 
Tlie winter of ISoS-U wa.^i pnuecl at Tor<niay 
for theaaktior bis wife, whose henlih hod aiij- 
fered ftom ihedampof EvenU-v. Uervhia 
strong love of natural hiolory led him lo a 
(ttidy of vmuhare objects and lo nn nrlirle 
imihe' WondenoftlieSliore'in tbe'Nnrth 
llriiiili Itcviow," afterwards d«TaIoped inw 
' (ikucm.' In I-'ebntary be mr« some lec- 

luren nl EdiuburglL en Iho 'Sdinolsof Ah'X- 
andiia,' and in the xptini' Mttled with his 
family at Bidefurd. hut wtfu brin|;iiiill un. 
able to return ti> Kver>lev. Here he wr<>lo 
' Wnstwnrd Iln ! ' It wn^ dedicated tuBiihop 
Srlvryn and Itnjnh I)rnok», Itrooke was A 
hero after bin own hear; , whom li« knew [ler- 


siinBlly and had ht'iin 
jiort (Kinj/tieif, i. :-'- 


ili-uvnuivi] to ■U|>' 

"M,lll-."l). It IB 

tn ■nnm wavi bU iu[)!.t irhxrottumtie bouk, 
nod the <le«'ri|itiuii8 of lli!i-OTi»bir« «cenOTy, 
but luaiuty tivinjulby vritli t)ie l^lixnbelhAn 
IwroM, and ttis unlUmng apiril of the Hon, 
mftke tlio raadar indiflvrfnit lo iu obvioiuly 
une-f^ided view of hUtory. 

Wliilo oInyinK ui Itidcfnrd Kinffsli'; dis- 
|iUy«d one m kui nun]' gUta hy K<-'tliiig up 
and loaehtnir a dnirinE ouusi fur youu|r m^n. 
In ttic oourtc af IBuo lie af{&iu iwtued at 
Bveraley, dpeiidiog the winlcr at n Iioiido 
on l''iirli'y Hill, for lli«i benpfil of liis wiCVs 
hwilili, Biwidn* froqiMMit Iw^tunw. nonnons, 
and urticlMtbownsnowwritinK'Tn-ii Visits 
Apt,* u-bic-h appwuixl in lt^)T. Kinftslfy 
liHil bnon ducpiv intucviti-tl in tlu- Crimean 
war. Homo ibnuvandi nf c'ripioi of u tract 
by him-coUHd 'Brave Words lo BravH Sol- 
dim*,' bad biMU itiMribiited to Ike armT. 
Ha alwaja had k««n military butwi ho 
atudied militoTj hintorv with MpsciaJ ialo- 
Twt; monf nrthanflicciMfroMSikiidhDnttand 
AM'Tiluil liaDoma hii warm frinndu i and he 
dulijjUti'il iu IiMiluriuB, ]it«achinK. or bl«n- 
in;; iivw culuun for tliH rtf^imonln in I'Hinp. 
Siicli Ciolni bi'lp to vxpluiu tbo viuw ex- 

IinmmI in'Two V«iar8 .\go,'-n'bti'1i was ilien 
VM alnrlliug thnn maj now gptun po««ibl«i, 
that the wartraa to ciwiiiw" a frrpnl rpjtnnp>- 
rating influitnae. Tlw nnvel is much wonknr 
than it* pr»dWMMni, and ahnw» rlnarl^ 
ihnl if hi!' dtmrn (br nonial rnfortn wax not 
lentannd, ho hnd no lim^v tn utrona a 
MHM thai lUf limi.-* v'i;rLM)itt of joint. His 
hoall.k and praspecti liud truprovnl, a result 
which bp DUtiirallr atlribuli-il to a ^neral 
improvf input uf ibo world. 

TiicCriiucaupamphlM had bMQ published 
atioiiyiiiiiuftly, on account nf the prejudices 
n^ninht liim in tho njli|poui> worlil. Tlio 

5)Vijijdici'» rn pi dlj diminished from thinlim^. 
n 18/ia he b-'cnnii.' nno of thi- ciuwu's chap- 
laioa in ordinary. He- u-oa prynoutpd to the 
aueen and to tbe prince coruorl, for whom 
he entertained a epeoially vrann admiration. 
He itill fell the eirntn of ov»rwork, hnvindi 
no corata, and shrunk from London biulln, 
CAnflninK him«iir i^bii^fly to ICvnnlDy. In 
May IBw) ho wait upjioinli-d tn tlie pn>fa»- 
aomhip of niodi.-m hUlnry nt OaraDridjic, 
vacant by tlm di-Mh in thirpn-'vioiu autumn 
of 8ir Junes SlvuhiTi. He look a liousi.- at 
Cambridge, but alter lhr<*L- yi-ani found that 
ihd oxpD^e of a doiihlo •'Hinbll^hment wa« 
beyond his means, niid fri->in 1M(l:{ nuid<>d at 
Hvorwleyi only KOinj; to Cnuibrid^n l.wicn a 
year todnlivor Iiiii Ipiitiiri's. IhiriiiKtlintint 
puriud hii dutii>» at Kvernlny wi-ri- imdnr- 
takun by the Ituv. iiL'plimui> JInnaard. The 

salary of llie profimioniliip was STlt.. and 
i,Lu prvparatiun of lectures inl«rfer^ witli 
other literary work. During th« reeidsDoe 
of the Prince of Wnloa at Oambridgv m. apMial 
clano nndnr Kinsley was formed m hit 
bi'nrtii, nnd the prinoe won tJie affiRCtionale 
ri-(inrd of Iii^i ttaoliL-r. The prinna reeom- 
mendud liim for an hottorarr dr^uMi ui Ox- 
frml on Lbir commeiDoral ion of ItuiS, but 
tbr^tlin-aleuL'd opposition of the hi^-b cliuricli 
]>uriy iiudirr Pusey induced Kingsl>>v to retire, 
with the advice of his frirmU. KionleT'e 
tenure of the pror«Mor*bip can hardly M 
diwcribedoBsucctwful. Thi'dilficaltic-aircr* 
grr-at. Tho attompt In rcsiam ihi- prof(»- 
soriaUystrmhadattbnl time only iiuc«oixl«d 
in lilting th<! cloM-ruomfi with candidaK* for 
tho ordinary dej^rev. History formed no part 
of ilie uoune of aorious stad««ii«, nivd the 
lecLureawerein tlie main merely omaint'nlal. 
Kinpler^ geniality, bownvvr, von oiany 
Iriandpi both antonit the anthoritlr* niKi th« 
nnd'Tgniduntca. Some yonnu men exjiniuuKl 
sinecrn (^uliludo for the iuivllc«tuul end 
moral inipulH- which tliey receircd from hint. 
Profeaior Max Muller tayaiKitjtliy, ii. L'tKl) 
' history waa but his text,' and hie lecturvt 
^ave the l]iou){hta of 'a poet and a