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/^c/^i -irxAo'l-^ 




Llwyd — -Maccartney 







M A C M I L L A N A N O CO. 






J. G. A. . 
W. A. J. A. 
R. B-L.. . 
O. F. R. B. 
U. B. . . . 
T. B. . . . 
G. T. B. . 
G. C. B. . 
G. S. B. . 
E. T. B. . 
fl. M. C. . 
J. W. C-K. 
A. M. C. . 
G. A. J. C. 
T. C. . . . 
W. P. C. . 
J. A. C. . 
W. H. C. . 

.1. G. AlJlER. 

W. A. J. Abchbolp. 

RiCfUBD Baovtrm.. 

G. F. RofUKi.Ti Barkrii. 

Mifw Batkbon. 

Thdjus Baynk. 

Thr late G. T. Bettany. 

(r. C. BoAlil!. 

Mins Bradlet. 

H, Max>'erh Chichebter. 

J, Willis Clark. 

Miss A. M. Clerke. 

PitorE&soB Ghenville a. .1. Cole. 

Thokpsos Cooper, F.S.A, 

w. p. courtjiby. 

J. A. Cramb. 

Profkbsob W. H. 


L. C. . . . 
G. T. D. . 
R. D. . . . 
F. E. . . . 
C. L. F. . 
C. H. F. . 
R. G. . . . 
J. T. G. . 

Lionel Cost, F.S.A, 
G. Tbobh Dbdbt. 
Robert Dcklop. 
Francib Ebpihasse. 
C. LiTTOS Fai.kineb, 

C. H. FiBTH. 

Richard Uahsett, LL.L). 

J. T. Gilbebt, LL.D., F.8.A. 

G. G Gordon Goodtik. 

A. G TnR Rev. Aletasder Gobdos. 

J. M. G. . . J. M. Gray. 

W. A. G. . . W. A. GBEEMniLL. M.D. 


J. A. H. . . J. A. Hamilton. 
; C. A. H. . . C. Alixandeb Harrir 
i P. J. H. . . P. J. Habtoo. 
' T. F. H. . . T. F. Heniiebsom. 

W. A. S. H.. W. A. S. Hswrns. 

H. A. H. . . The Rev. H. A. Hollkn, LL.D. 

A. H.-H. . . A. HooHEH-HuoHEa. 

W. H Tbe Rev. William Hdkt. 

B. D. J. , . B. D. JArKsos. 

A. J The Rev. Auoustdb Jessopp, 



I C. L. K. . . C. L. KlNOBEORH. 


.1. K -TosKPH KtnoHT. 

■F. K. L. . . Professor J. K. LAtianTON. 

S, L Sidney Lrk. 

' H. W. L.. . CoL. H. W. LojiBDES. 
; J. H. L. . . The Rey. .1. H. Luptos. 

■I. R. M. . . .T. K. Macdokald. 

*;. M. ... Shebief Mackay. LL.D. 

Ii. M. M. . . Misa Middij:tox. 

A. H. M. . . A. H. MiLUUi. 



G. P. My.. 

A. N 

Q. Le a N 

K. N 

F. M. O'D. . 
S. 1'. 0. . . 
.1. H. 0. . . 
J. F. P.. . . 
C. P 

A. F. P. . . 

B. P 

R. B. P. . . 
Vf. E-L. . , 

J. M. B. . . 
T. B. 8. . . 

List of Writers. 

G. P. MoBUBTY. T. a TnnifAA Srccouiif.. 


G. Le Obyb Noroate. W. A. S. . . W. A. Shaw. 

Mi6B Katr Noroate. G. W. S. , . The Rev. G. W. Sfrott, D.D. 

F. M. O'PovonnuR. L. S Leslie Strphen. 

Captain S. P. Olh-er. C. \V. S. . . C. W. Sutton. 

The Rev. Canon Overton. D. Ll. T. . 1). Llkdier Thomas. 

J. F. Payne, M.D. T. F. T. . . Phokkssor T. F. Tout. 

The Rev. Charles Platth. E. V The Rev. Canon Venaht.f.s. 

A. F. Pollard. E. W.. . . , EnwARU Walforii. 

Mihr Porter. M. G. W. . The Rev. M. (t. Watkinb. 

R. B. PROHSER. C. W-H. . . Charles Welch, F.H.A. 

The Rev. William Reynell, C. H. E. W. The Rev. C. H. Evelyn W^iiitr. 
B.n. F.S.A. 

J. M. Rioa. B. B. W. . . B. B. Wooi.w.vRn. 

T. Baiijt Saundera. W. W. ... Warwick Wroth, F.S.A. 








LLWYD. [See also LatrTD, LwtDj nnd 

LLWTD, EDWARD {Jt. 132S-1405), 

WeUh b«rd. [S«e loi^pocu.j 

LLWYD, Sib GRCFFVDD (Jl. 1323), 
'Webh bero, u said to bkve been a eon of 
Rlini, Oie son of F^inyred Vvdinii ft-^-lt 
ana Ui bave bi-^ti kiii|;ht(^l bv ^Iwaru I for 
bringiiu to him al Hlmddlau nvvci of ll)« 
bitth of Lu son Edward at- Carnarvon in 
1384< Aocrtrdinp \o iho popular alory, 
Qfid^d, af^^r living Lang on eiMd terms 
witb tbe English, grew di^^^riuliKl witU tltvir 
OppreMions, and treat«d with Edw«rd Brtico 
(if. \A\») [q. T.l in Ireland. Tliis must have 
b«mbf(ora 1818, tbe year of h^ward Bnice's 
death, but thu story 8<>Mne to put it in Vi'ii. 
FailiD^ in his n^totiationa with JJmco, Graf- 
IVdd maein revolt, biitwandRfeated byagreat 
E&glisb army and token prisoner luid shut up 
ia lUiiiddlan Castle. Ibid fact is proTc^l by 
two poonis addivMed to him by (iwilym 
Ddu the banl (.Steph «."»!!, Liifra'tiu-f of tM 
Ktpnry, pp. 4 iS-0; Mviyrinn ArvAntuioffy of 
iVaUi, pp. 276-6). i'twilyin Ddii lorai^nt*, 
in tho uKiiul v\a|;i;^-mied tornii?, thoraptivity 
qf bia chieU 'Ttie anmrniT is comfnrt k>M,' 
'cm coontiy looks lik« I-eai/ because of 
til* impriaonmAnt of the ' lion of TnTghr- 
nedd.' Tn,'v([sniedd in AriglMiey waa tbe 
name of liru^dd's homt*, and tbe owners up 
to 1750 claitDed deaoent from him. There 
is no farther record of him, but h<> i.« an im- 
portant Sg-un* with thu later gi^ii'_-al<>j;i8T«. 
llie ab(»cnoe oS any reft-ivnce to him in tbe 
Elnfi^liah autboriiie« makefl it probable that 
his political importtnoo ha» be^n exaggerated 
bj Ilia panegynsta. 

p^UianoT* EmiSAnt Welahmfn, pp. 290-1, 
■BiPfnariMt tho ordinary aonraiit; utbtrauthori- 
ti« are referred to in Uie itil,] T. F. T. 


LLWYD, (mrFFVDD ijl. I3T0-U20>, 
was famtlv bard to Oweo Gteudower. Two 
poems bytiim.poesessingconsidtirabk'lxututy, 
have bf^D inibli.^liM). One, a spirited * call 
to arms/ audmKiit-d tu Olendower, anpesMtl 
in an Lngliali tnui»Iation, by tliu Kvv. R. 
Williams of Vron, in Jonwi'** W.'Uh Hard*, 

tip. 21—1, in Pi<niiaiitV 'Tour in Wales' Mid 
ater worka. Tin* aubjttct of bis other poem 
is the trial of >!organ Davydd Llewelyn of 
Edwinsfurd at the court of great ae««ion8 in 
Carmanfaen, before Sir David Hanmer, on 
tbe charge u{ haviiu; killf^l llimmirr's pn- 
decesBor on the bencb. This u datod 1390; 
itwaa pDihli.ihed ^th an Kogliab parapbrOM 
in loto MSS. |iu. 2<t<8. (i79, and ocmtaitu noma 

[WiltiamsB Eminent WelshnieD, a.v. ; Hnnea 
Llrnytidiactb Ojrmreig, by 0. ab IUijR,pp. I8&- 
191.] D. hu T. 

LLWYD, nunu or IIUW O'^:*-**!'- 
16:J0), Wi.Uh pwt.bwm about lo33,wa*tbu 
son of Owen (?) Llwj-d of Ty obry Llnn- 
fin>then,by I^wry ( Laura), dau^tvr of Evan 
ab Gnifiydd of Cynfat-l in the parish of 
Maentwrog, .^lerionethslure. lie was wi'U 
educated hy clergymen at Dotgellr. lie held 
for »ome time a oonuniaBion in the English 
army, and saw soma service abroad. A qua- 
train (englyn) which he wrote on bifl return 
has formed the b«aia of an English ballad 
inlmduced bv Peacoeli into his work on 
'Headlong Hall,' Londtm, 1816, 12mo; 2iid 
edit. 1856, 8vo (see also JtkgrapAtml Kotrg 

' uf T. L. Pracork, pp. 9-11). Settling at 
Oynfael, hn obtained tliero a reputation for 

I such ext«usivv learning t hut be wad regnrded 

I by many of his contemporaries at a magician . 

' Numerous stories in wnich he Sgnree m this 




character are »U\l curruur, in tlt<> ]iaris1ii» of 
Kfostinioe nnd .Miientwr»g, and a t&U roliimn 
of iMuk in ttio middlti of the river C>'nf*el. 
■where he is belu-ved tn hav*» an-'iit much of 
his timt'r t.i Ktill kuuwii &» ' llnf\i Llwvd'u 
piil]iit.' Ills best-known iirrMlut'llon is a 
' l*o«iii on tlie Fox' (* Cywydd i'r Llwynog'), 

friuted in 'Cymni Fu,' i. M57. Among tiie 
t^-ninrtfa MS.^. in n trnr)8cri|)t of ii raedin-ul 
■work by liitn, and ii few L>f his poi<au mrw itbio 
nt the Iirili*Ii Museum (Add. MS, 1497-H. 
Jle ii said to linve died at Cvntitf'l iti IB2U, 
nnd veas hum-d ut Maeotwro/. Edniiind 
IVys [q- v."!, who wii» ivctor of thti pari^Ii, 
u-nti wlioae name ia associated with liwrd'a 
in niftnyof tlie locjil tmditii>nii, rnmposfvl on 
the oLVosion un ' unslyn,' whidi in (iriiilud 
in *Haiii«B riwyf I'iwtiuioi.'.' Llwyd wae 
either grandfather or uncle to Morgan Llwjd 
[q. v.] 

[Cymni I'u. i. 171. 367; G. J. Willianw'fl 
HiiDM PLwyf FOsriiiiiiK. [)[i. 2i2-3 ; PalnnTB 
OMorNva.cotifijnailyof Wivxham.p, 11 ; Goi»ip- 
inc Ghiido to Wiilw. ed. IBM, pp. ICJ-.l.] 

U. U, T. 

LLWYD, IirMPHllEY (I'ii^-lWW), 

fhveicinu and antiq nary, Ijorn at Donhijjh m 
')'27, WHS win uiid licir of JlobHrl. Llwvd or 
l.lnyd, hy Juan, daufrliti.T of Lewi* P^fotl. 
lli^ fuClmr WEI* dwcendoii from an old family 
cflllcd Uosendnk', wbicU rtmovnd frum Lan- 
cnshirv in 1297 tn Foxltall, near llenhi^h, 
nnd aotjuirud thi< name of Llwyd hv an inlvr- 
i»arriAg« with the Llwyd* (or Llovds) of 
AstODi near Oswi-Btrj-. J/lwyd wn* eiJiicttted 
lit Oxford, where lio gradiiatHd H.A. in l-'i47, 
Wing llicn or mxm after a ni«iub<_T of BnsB- 
HOH) College j"Wi>on, Fatfi, i. I:ii^),and he 
pmoeedod SLA. in I-Wl (lA. p. \S'2). After 
Btudvuip medicine ]\p was admitted into t)io 
family of Lord Arnndid (thaticellor of the 
university) as his private jihysician, and 
iuii that office more than fiftf^cn yeani. Tn 
lB6SlieT«tum«d lo Hi-uhiffli.and look up his 
rvsidi'nce within thv cattii- ther«. Besidea 
practuing as a physician, he dcrocod muob 
tima to niusie and other arts, and hccnme 
a ' pertnn of gmat eloquence, an excellent 
rhvluriclnn. » sound Tihllosoplicr. and a raoet 
nott-'d anticjuan,"' (Wtmn, Ath^no', i. 3S3). 
Ilia fcd!uw-towMsitLnii,HichardG!ijtiKh [il-^-]i 
who wiut long residwnt at Antwerp, brought 
liirn into cotninunicaticin with Ortt-lius. In 
his 'TheatrMm Drhia Tflrramm ' Orfeliiis de- 
scribee Llwyd on ' noUUa «t oruditus vir.' 
lie was nttnrnFK) aJi M.P. for East Griiieicad, 
pMbably through the inflm-npe of the Eart 
of Anmdtf!, on 7 Jan. MftH-ll, and also sat 
for the Dt-nbigb hiir< 'ii|itW from L'itJ.'l to 16(f7 
( I.i*t '// M etnbvrt •?/ PnHitntmt'). On his way 
homofrom LondoainlStJtJ he caught aft»rer, 

but was able to reach Denbigh, and while 
there on hia di>alhbod he wroT«, under d8t« 
of 3 Aug. ITAifi, tu Orlelius, dedicating nod 
sending 10 him map* of England and Waloa 
nnd the manuscript of his ' CoramentarioU ' 
(IIdwkls). He died, ncronling to a note of 
OrtelJus on hi« lott«r. on 31 Aug. 1-V08. Ho 
wa» hiiriivl in a vault ftdjoiniug that of lU- 
churd C'lough'a fnmilv in tlie parish charch of 
Uunhigh, cailed Wliitch urrh, ' with a (^nnrsa 
monument, a dry epitaph, and a psalm tuno 
undi^r it' (YoKRE, Rnyal Tribf*. p. 105); 
he \£ rt'prusenteil in Siuiuish dre^ luteel- 
ing at an altar, beueatli a siuaLl range of 

Llwvd married Ha.rbani,sisi#T (and heiresa) 
of John,]ii*I lord Lumley (ir,34f'-lfl0e),and 
by her ho had two sons and two daughters. 
One of the fornns-r, named Ilenrt", wattled at 
CUieam in Siirney, nnd hisgrtfal-grandiwn, the 
Kfv. ItuEiert Luiuley Ltuvd, reetur of St. 
Paul's, Covent Citinlen, made un un£iiccea&ful 
effort to claim the barony of Lumley in ri((ht 
nf his di^scent from Llwyd's wife (Nicolas, 
HUtorif. I'rf'ratfe, p. 30-1 ; (tHAKOKR, liioff, 
Jlitt. ed. Noble, lii, 1 2h). After LlwydV di^aih 
lua wift' marrjed William Williamit nf Coch- 
will«n,CamnirvonBhire(l>wsN, r M(to/(V/»ii, ii. 
109). There is an original portrait of Llwyd 
prewrred at Aston, the ^at of the «la«r 
urancb of the Lloyds of Koxhatl, and an on- 
graving of it is in Yorke's ' Itoyal Tribes of 
Walt^fl.' There is al^o a meEzotint purlrnit 
of him by J. Faber (1717) in the Cardiff 
Mii9eHm,with Llwyd's motto thereon : 'Hwy 
pt'ry Klod no liltiyd' (KHmp in inon; laatinv 
than weiillli). Hi^ linir is destn-ibed us rua, 
but Lis couuteuanee was hHnd«ome, and Uis 
expres-sion intellertual. lie collected many 
biioltt* fur Lord Lnmlry, wliieli were eubii»* 
qtiiintlysnld In. lames Land now form a valu- 
ahle part of thfi British Museum (OBiJcoeB, 
i. y7f5t. 

IJwyd wn" ihi'Mithorof: 1. '.Vn Almanack 
and Kaleiid^r, containing the Day, Hour, and 
Minute of ibv Change of the Moon for over;' 
iu tlm prefnee the ainhnrrnfersto thjs afl bifl 
tirnl pubtii^hitd wnrit, but the date and plaoe 
of puldiciilion aru not etult^d. '2. *De Monl 
Druidum Innitla, ontiqiiitati suto rvstitutft 
. . . et de Annrunentario Komano:' a letter 
dattMlt^ April l'}0><,aiid'dtoOneliue: 
it was printed by ^ir John Prieuat thttendoi 
his ' Historirc Britannitro Dcfi-nsio,' London, 
1078, AUi. and asain at the end of his 'The»- 
triim firbis Terninim,' Antwerp, ItMXI, foL 
An English translation was publtslied in Lon- 
don, 160fl, fol. 3. 'Cnminentarioli l)e«crip- 
tionia KritatiniriD Fragment urn,' Colognt', 
ICTl', 8vo, eonipli!l>-d just before Llwyd'a 
death, and dedicated to brtelius. AnEngtiali 




tnadsticn bj Thnmaa Twrne, ander the title 
'Tbe Bnt-iu; of llntain,*' wm pubUslivd in 
Ifi'S { London. Stoi.juuI wu Kpriut^d with 
cpwntv tille-pagt> nnd pAginatiua nt ilio end 
of Jolin I^wis'i^ * liiBtory of Qmat Ilritain,' 
Ijmioa, 1721^, fol. A liMtdtome edttioD of 
Niw-^and 3 (limited tolixeoTncA), odittKl br 
Mom* Williama, wm nlso published in I7*.*41 
And 1731,Loodcm,4to(IUiwuxDH,C'auiArvin 
BiUt-'oravhy). 4. An Eagliah traoAlatioa by 
IJwrd of * TBiBton of ' Rrul j Tywyto^tm,' 
««crilM.-d To C«ndov of liUncmrrui, to wliich 
iAprvfixtxl n tract until led 'Tbe De«criptton 
of Cunbii*,' -written by Sir John Price of 
B rec on , »ndcon.tidt-Tahly enUiyd by Llwrd, 
in preflervod in the Elrilifk Must^um (€^l- 
t'.'oiftn MS. CuIiiTuln. .V. rL) A note in 
Uwrd'a aotograpb fixed tbe date ftt which 
it wu oompleted u 17 July Khli). A c<tpy 
casus intotl^pOffoeaiiian of ^^ir Henry Si<lnL*y, 
lord president of th« marcbm of WnJee, at 
wbnae ntjoest it wu primed, under the title 
■The Hietorie of Catnoria, now ral)t>d Walw 
. . . Comcled, ao^rinented, nnd contimxtl by 
Dnrid PoweV LoDdoQ, l&&l,4to(cf. STRrrE, 
Atmais, lit. i. ilh). A new edition was 
tanifhl ont in lti&7 hv William Wynne, 
Ijononn, 8vo, and five aubaequent rvprinta of 
it have appeared (i6. pp. 200, 016). ^. 'The 
Ivfrrmr-t of Oryni*,'Limdon, IfUWi.Svo, being 
■ timnAlalicm mini Vawupiia'H'IV Judiriie I'ri- 
tnrnm Trndalu^,' I'lme, l/>48. 8v». Q. 'Thu 
IVeuunr of Health.' London, l'»8.*>, fiYo.beiair 
a txmntlatioa nf' llieaaurua Pnupnim IVtri 
Diqiaiti/to which Llwyd liaa ndiled 'The 
f^lfi" and Sim» of «\-erT Ducacv, with 
Apboriama of liippocratea. '. 'Oambrite 
Typtu/ which ia one of the earliest known 
aiafa at Walea. Copied of it am prefierved at 

rfthaBriliah Mu»<?iini and the Carditl' >[iifleaiia. 
Cocwderable niati:!ri»U for a life of Llwyd, as 
well aa of Edward Llwyd. bul b«.>en collected 
bjr William 1 1 udd«>.<iford [q. v.], but his pns 
mature death prevfiite«l their piibli<^BtioD 
(NtrHOLs, Li'tfrary Illtatrationt, i. WW, vi. 

J 474). 
A near rvlativt* of Ltwvd, acrrmliiig to 
"Wood {Athene. I 73«-l>)." wa« Liwiti> or 
lAjaTV. JoH >- ( I W8 P-IO(«). a nntive of I»f n- 
btyh, who wiu Dduralfd at WincbeMer Col- 
leite, and matriculated nl Oxford on 20 Dec. 
ir>77, a» a Kbolar of Nv w Collt-);)', Ix^inc then 
nineti^-n yeaw of ape. He wns i'lcct<'<l fvllow 
in l-^?0,and procevdMl ILA. ou U April LXl, 
M.A. on 20 Jan. 15^-6. B.D. on h July 
1&92, D.l>. on 10 N'ov. 15»^*>. He acted as 

■ proctor ftjr lASH.and b(vani«Ticarof Wrirtle 
in KsMx in \U\»^, wlii-ro he diet! in 1(103. 
H« ia deacribed as an ' emioeut pr^achor'and 
* %xk ezoellMnt fireeinn.' bein^ held ' in high 
eiloiini ... for hia rare learning and excellent 


WAT of preadung.* Be was the author of 

an edition of Joeephiu'a ' De Maotabieia . . . 
cum Latinatuterpretatione ac notis,* Uirfotd, 
IftfO. 12iDO, desoribiHl aa ' more corrected 
and complifAt tlmn vwr befiin>.' He nbo 

Ciihli-sbr-rl a (tn-fk and Ijatin ^jtion of Bar- 
uuaiiK"f ■ I>o Papa) Prinripatu,' (>x(btd, 1503, 
6vo< WooD,A>c.«'/.; VomK%,Altimm Oivn.; 
KisBT, flVncAe/rer Scholar*, p. 140). 

[ta ad<)itK>n to tbe voiltB cital, the fullowing 
anthet^hicfaatlioriiiaa: Wood'aAthenw. i. 382- 
3»4i Fa«li. i. 125. 132; Fiutor'ti Alumni Okod. 
p. 035: >^1«L Lend. BnUv. Archiram. tun. L 
ed. BnwvU, Nos. 37, 31, 84. 43, 67; Vorke'a 
Royal TrilwB of WfllM, «d. 1*87. pp. IS, l(H-fl; 
PentuDl'* Toar in Wales; Uiit. of Bulywall; 
^UTy'a Cimbirian Plutarch : Rowlanda'a Cam- 
brian Bibliography (under date of tbe aerenl 
publicatioaa)^] D. Lu T. 

LLWYD, M0Un.VN(l»lI9-16.'Jil), Welsh 
pnritan divine and myatir writrr,caDio froiu 
a familr of veomcn of that name nellli^ at 
Cynfiiel Lo ihs patieh of Jlacntwnig, Merio- 
Hfilnliire, whiTs lit was bom in 1619. Hia 
birthplace being in th« old province of Uwy- 
Dedd,ho became known aa 'Morvan Llwyd' o 
Wmrtld'lor'fromGwynedd't. newaseitbor 
agrandaon ornephewof Hugh Llwyd [q.T.], 
and probably reo^ired bis early education at 
the free school at \Vr«xhain,"lVribiph«hit». 
Dnrinff tbecirtl war he was engn^>L-d. perhapa 
as a cfiaplnin, with the parliamentary force* 
in Kngland, and apent aotne time nt Cllou- 
ce*ler. Alwul 1646 th« vicar of Wn^-\ham 
wa* ejected, and Llwyd is U-liovod to have 
been installed in bis place (Tltoiua, JIi$t. of 
St.AMpk,p.ti>'t7): hut about the same time be 
alao founded a noucunformist nr inde|tendent 
cbnrcb in the place, of which ho became 
6nt ministt-'r. I to woj^ appoint«d one of tbe 
appmrers of public preaenen under the act 
for the propagation <^ tlw goapel in ^Vatea, 
mwcd 2 Feb. 16*9-50 (Rebb. Pmteriant 
Xmtcoit/'jrmity iu H'o/m, pp. 74, I06~10,G13). 
Au order in r^iiincil waa made nn IB llct. 
16<j6 instructing the trustceti for tbe nain- 
t«nanco of ministers to lurreaev his saUry to 
loot a year (Oil. Stat^- I'aptn. Dom. Ser.) 
TowanU tbe end of bis life, owing to his 
attained ralatioits with the pre»bytcriBnB, 
who wi-ru dnminaot in the pariah, he c«>asa«l 
lo be vicar. He died on 'A June 1650, and 
won burieil in the ' I>is8enti-rB' gra%-eynnl ' in 
Itho«-ddu Road, near 'Wrexhara.whereastoue, 
with the lett4-ra<M. LI. .'was to be awn until 
neently (Hi'OHfa', HawfM M fthodittiaetk 
Cymm, i. ."181. He t-npi^t-d in preai-hing 
tours outride his own neighbourliuod, and 
was ihus tbe means of founding »>me of tha 
earliest nonconformist chnrchea in North 

Llw>'d A 

WaJoi, bat there is mueh doubt resrwrtioff 
luB nuticuW creiid. IIi« liAd a ut-cidea 
k&miig toward quaker doctrLutis, on wbicli 
Moount attacked hU memory, but ho 
wilB dufcudml in & pnmpUlut uublislied in 
1686, and entitlGd • A Winding ShfiPt for Mr. 
Baxter's D»d* (pp. 11,15). Georg«Fox,iu 
hia ' Jnumiil,' flp™.kRwitK scorn of Iiis failure 
toidi'ntifyiiiicuK^lfwilhtliuSuctL'tyof Frionda 
He liu also been dajmed as a biiptiflt, while 
bis worin sho'w 80 mnch of the .spirit of 
theowphy, that oup of Ki.< editor* (tfiu Kev. 
OWBS JoSBS in Litjfi- y Tn Adciyn., fdil. 
1889, p. xviii) «ugg«atit llmt he wfls lareely 
iiwpircd by the writings of Jacob Boenme 
(IWG-IH'.H), tlie (Jdrrnnn my.-4tic. 

For idioinntiL: &tyk< and purity of diction 
Llwyd'i n'orkd tdand in th*; drsitraak among 
the pro«se claasics nf Wales. His published 
writings are the fnl lowing: 1. ' Llvfr y Tri 
Aduryn,'l8tLHlit.l(i')3i 2nditdit.l7i4,3->mo; 
7lh I'dit. fby the Itev. Owen Jouea) 1889, 
8vo, LivL'rpool; a dialogue bfitwppn thrcp 
birde, Uir Ragle repnwpnling Cromwoll, ll«) 
dove standing for a puritan ri<foniiur, inid a 
ravcTi rpppewnting an cpiKopalian, possibly 
Latid. Mfinyextrnctauretrttn.-ilatedhy A. N. 
PaltDPr, in his 'Ilifitmy of tlifl (Hd«r Xnn- 
COiifoniiity of Wrvxhain.' '2. 'Ownodd yn 
Nghvmru yii wvneli pab cvdwybod cuop,' 
ife'; 2nd ndit. 1727: 4lh Wlit. I "rtK, Car- 
marthen, l2nio. H. ' fiiiir o'r (Mir,' Ac, Ist 
tKlit. \^.A, IjDiidon, ::f4mo; 3rdt<dit. Mvrthrr 
Tydvil, 1829, K'mo. A tran*liition by Grif- 
fith Kudd, tindur tlto lille 'A niiworirse of 
God thfl Word,' wad publit'lipd in I7;tn, Lon- 
don. li^UQO. The four fwHowing works wurw 

iilliliBiied togothvr in x\u- ord(vr given in 1 lifi". 

. ' YrVmnwdiiid/awnrltoii Bpll-re^ignntinn, 
suppcitwd to be pari \y di'dvi'd I'roni un ascv\ ic 
treatise by somo catholic divine (sn-e IIowel 
"W. I>LOTD in y Vi/mmrodor, vol. viii. pt. i.) 
B. * Y Diflgyhl a'i Atliraw/a work dealing 
with the future!, 2nd i-dit. Shrt-waburVf 
176.->, 24rao. 6. ' Cyfarwyddyd iV Cyraro,' 
deHlini; with rpc^'ncralion, t?nd edit, l"-^", 
Sbrfwsbiiry ; 3rd eiUt. i'US. 7. '(fwvddor 
.Ifchod/wliich has b«en ha]>pily pnrn.phni»i'd 
tal ' The I liplier Astrology,' indodit. Shrvw-- 
OTiry, iril/i.LMmn. H. M'an Anijfhybofddi'dig," 
a Moti;; by Llwyd, udiU-'d with note.';) and mp- 
inoirW'j.lVtLT of BaU. ]87.'>,nftbi. 9. 'A 
Dialogu*! bptwt'^'n Mnnlm and I.jii:Ani» about 
the Hiiul,'atta['keil hy Ha\rpr in his 'Catholic 
Coinmunii.>n doubly dufundod ' (p. 36). Ks- 
eeptinjT No. 1 ('I^lj-fr y Tri AdGrjTi% all 
Llwyd'fl works are aiippospd to bo adiipta- 
tionn or tranalations from lOngli^ih, ihutigli 
DOnu of iIlv oriuinaiN can b>^ idDuli(i<^si, 

Several of Idwyd'a letters arc still extant, 
pomo httVL' bpt'O printed in difler^nt Welsh 



portodicalB, and three an- Uicluded in Erhury's 
' Testimony left upon Record.' TVo letters 
addressed bv him to Baxier are alsopreaerred 
in Dr. Williaraji'B Library. The letters ad- 
dressed to him from Ireland by another «>r- 
respondftnt, Colon<d John Joae« («/. ItWO) 
[n. v.l, WCTW ptibliHhL'd by Jcxt^h Mayer in 
the ' LancuHhin- and Che.^iirt; Historical 3o> ^| 
citty's Transactions ' for 16GL ( 

[The earllvhl: hiogfJipby of Llwyd vbb pub- 
liuherl in Robert. .Innea'a Drycli rr Aniitvroodd ; 
a critique of bis vi-iLiiiUK by Dr. Ix<«-ii{ Edwards ^| 
of KiiJa (ippcared in \ Twtithodydd for 1848, H 
iv. 30-4.'i. Soo al»o Y OymnircKlor, voU viii. pt, i 
i. ; llio R«v, Owen Jones's edition of Llyfr y Tri 
Aderyn; A. N. Pulwwr'B Older Nonconformity 
of Wntxliotn; anil Konlnnds's LlyfVyddiaeth y 
Oymt^; to all of which full bililiogriphies ar« 
giTen.J 1>. Ll. T. 

LLWYD, UICHARD(17o2^I835),po«t, 

known as 'thf Hard nf Snnwdon,' wa» thl 
Bon of John and .Vlini Llwyd ofnuanmariAf] 
.Vniflesey, where Le waa bora in 175^. Thai 
piirlydoath of his father, a small coast trader,] 
Ifft thL- family in niK-p3<;it.nuri cirrnm stances. 
vVftfrani-'duration nf nine months at thr! fre« 
ftcKool at Bfaurnarix. Llwyd at twt'lvu yearal 
ofnui-pniKntd tIiiHliiiai'8ticspr%-ict>oragpiitI*— ] 
iiiiiii in Uu> ni:ighb(iiir1inafl, but iitilined PTery 
.-Itiirt; momentfor hLsst-lf-imurovemi-nl. Bv 
l"Wt) liu WII9 i?ntru5ted with tho diitit's ot\ 
M«>wnrd and w-rrftary t-^ a Mr. Oriffilli of 
Csi-'rhun, uoar CGnwray.lhen the only acting- 
magistrate in tiint (tihtricU Ho Hiiially sc- 
qnired a compttency, retired to Reantuaris^j 
nnd puljli'ihiil thoro hia but-known pO(.>m, 
onlitlfd 'Httfiumjiris Bay,' IKfKl, Bvo, with 
many hUtorical and geiR-iilu^ica! nolM. Ili» 
other productions were 'Oayton Wake, or 
Mary flod ; and Ikt List- nf iVierits,' CheMer, ' 
1h04, l2ni(i,witbapiirtraitoft1iPnntiior; and 
'Poumfi, Tiilps, Odw!*, StjJinyts, Tniiislal tuns 
from tlio British ' (with notw^S vols. Che»-] 
tor, IKOl, 8v<>. Kurly in ]>*fJ7 he n-moved 
ti» C'hiwU-r, wIrtl' Iin died ifH Iteo. IM.I. nnj' 
was buried at St. JiThn's Cliur<?h. (hi Iha 
snutb sidfi of tho church wall a tabk't was 
placed to his riH-mnry. Eiirly in lf*l4 he 
married Ami, dauphtpr of Aldemnan llingley 
of Chwter. She dir-d in 1834. 

A rollpcted pdition of bia works, with a' 
mftmnir nod nortmit, and an pngrnving of 
his r*<sidL'ncL',linawn a.i Ilnnk l'lace,Cheftt*r, 
WQs publiahed in 18.17, CIhwIlt. 8vo. T\m 
mitoa by Llwyd show bim to have been well 
vor^ied in hiTuldry, gtnt'alogy, and Welslk 

[The Poetical W*.rk« of Richard Lliryd: Wil- 
liiims's Emiceijt \S'L-Ulimen. I'p. 201, 2flS.l 

D. U. T. 



■wiM koown OS l*BTDniD T Mocu O^. 1160- 
ISSD), WeUb bord, w&» author of many 
nnetni, chiefly addmAiwd to cliief^aiitR nT 
siorih WnlH. mt'luding David and Rhodri, 
•otu of OwAiD Ctwjnedd, who diTided the 
aoTereicnty betweou them about 1170, anil 
lAyyrefya ab lorwerlh [q. t.J, to whom nine 
ptocae w«r« ioscribMl. All contain vuiua)>t« 
iDStimcal malarial. Thirty-tiro of bijt poenu 
bjire be*nprinr«Unthe*MvTynttn Araiaio- 
Jc«or of Wal««,' pp. IW-'li ; one t^tbeee ia 
ao iavocation vlivn luidervcung the finry 
ordctl to exonerate hinuelf aom harinc anf 
Imowled^of the fate of Mados (fi. 117:?) 
[q. r.\ the aoa of Owain Gwrnedd, who it woa 
»ub»(M|ueatly alle^od had trailed for Amtrica, 
which he had discovered in 1 170. Uywarch 
puawaaed mora poetic geniua than any of bl» 
eoalempOTariefl,and hatt h>efi ju-itly dciecribed 
as thv nio«t iUuiitriouB WcUh bard of the 
middle ligv*. iyamr of Llywnrrh'f) macii* 
scripta ant in the IletiKwrt cullLM^tion, othera 
ATrat Montyn, and a fi>wpoema are included 
in the * Ited Book of lleTg««t ' at Jeaua Col- 
lage, (Ixfrird (EnwAKD Llutd, Ar<-ia'o!offia^ 
pp. ifiO, 281). 

[Owi'a Canbr. Biography; Williaais'sEini* 
tKBt Welafamen, a.r.] D. Ix. T. 

LLYWARCH HEN, or the Aged (496 .»- 
_ ?I, HritUli cbii^f^ain and bard. wa«, ac- 
eerdiuj; to C'>Di{«rolivt.-1y late Kencalojnc'*:, 
the «3n <if Elidr Lydanwyn, a princi- nf ihe 
noztbem Dntcn^, bv Liwawr, daughter of 
Brychan {laJo MSS. p. UK; Rkhs, H'fUk 
Sttuitf, p. 1-1). He til »aid to ha\'e been 
bom in 406, The tt'rrittny ovtr which hw 
ruled was called Argoed, and i» supponed to 
haTt> forou^ a part of the present county of 
Cuinlji^rlaud. Ll^wnrch, uoliko the other 
early British povt«, >" not metitioBed until 
«eTeral ccntunea after his death. The name 
Bliichhanl, mentioned by \enniu9,haa been 
em>n4-«u>Jy Buppoaed to refer to him. The 
am'ient form oi the name a Loomarc (cf. 
Jlitrlriart .W.V.SfSSy.prirt'xl in YCffmmrodor, 
ix. 171 1. Tbi) earliest authentic refemioeto 
hiro is fnund in a iiiflniincript of the twelfth 
century, the 'IMack Book of Carmarthen,' of 
irhich an autotype facsitnilt^ haa been pub- 
liidied by Gwenogvryn Evnna, Oxford, 1888. 
Thi^containa two poemaif^uerally attributed 
to Ltywarch, one Mia^ a monody on hia old 
an and the loaa of hia children, of whom 
the names of twenty-four sons and iif three 
daughters arv preaerved (liM-.dt. fol. 64), the 
othar, an alcgr on the dr-ath of hia couaiu 
timini ah Krfjiii ( i/i. fol. ^> t, who vras killed 
■i the baicle of Llougliorth (I'ortsmoutti Y) 
JQ 530. The 'Bed Book of Heigost/ which 

belongs to the latter half of the fourteenth 
centaiy, contains seven more p04>nis attri- 
buted to him, and in the oldest of the three 
sorica of triads, which aru »ho included in 
the ' Ited Book,' ho is mentioned twice, iirtt 
aa being one ofthetbrceunanihilioui) princes 
of Rrilaio(RtiTRnndKvAM), H-'elfh Tfj-tir, L 
3CM, line 20), and Bt-coudlj ua one of the 
threv 'Uconwd racmbcra" (or free guests) 
of King .Vrthiir's court (Hi. p. 30tl, fine 4). 
Reference i« a.\so made to a Llywarcb in a 

M neat 

y t»uetJuan, 
MSS. p. L'/iS. 

According to thvise sourcw, which bava 
hiatonr and romance vm- much interwoven, 
it ia gathorvd that hu epent some time at 
ArtburVrourt.and lo<ik part in the battle of 
Portsmouth (^) about 530, but lubeequaatly 
returned to hi* o»-n province, and there, along 
with Urien Uhrguu and Owen, t}ie son of 
UriflQ (who becameone of the chief characters 
of meKuiera] romance), fooglit for many y^ara 
against Theodoric, kingof NorthumlxTluud. 
AVhilc hlockading the GiigWh in the iaie of 
Lindiafame in 602, Urien wa« asoasiunated, 
or, according lo acme inKTpretcrs of an etogy 
written by I.lywarrli with referpnce tberuto, 
liewae nccidunluUykiUiKlby thonoethimadf 
I Uhts, Art^uriall Ltymdi, p. 255). Soon 
aftt'r t hi^.owing t o t he advance oft h« invaders, 
Lly warcli, luiving lo4C most of hi5 »ons in the 
nar, Ded from the north, and snuglit alieller 
in the court of hia brother-in-law C'yuddylan, 

Erince of I'owys, at I'en^em, nmr Sh>«w«- 
ury. But the Man> evil bte foUowod him 
thither, for CViiddylan himself and the re* 
maiuder of iJywnrch's sons were killed in 
thedi.'*tructionofTren or W'roxet^Tfthe Uri- 
couium of the Komuus. According lo i radi- 
tion, Llywmrch afterwaida residedal Diilguog, 
near Jlachy-ntleth, and sabaetjnentiv at Llan- 
for, near Bala, where it ia tuud he oied about 
640, at the great age of IM yeara, and was 
buried in Llonfor Church. 

The poems which are a^ribed toLlvwarch 
are twelve innumlMT.iiix heitignf anliiiOori- 
c&l character, and the reinainder on moral 
subjects. Thi^ wen^ publiijhed with a literal 
English tran»lation and notea by Dr. W. 
Owen Pughe in 1 792, under tlio title ' The 
Heroic Ewffiaa and other pioooaofLlrwart^ 
Ueo,' London, Bvo. They were alao In- 
cluded in the first volume of the * Mp-yrian 
Archaiulogy of Waleo,' puhliahed in IWl, 
Ijoadon, 8vu, and, aecumpuiiie'l by anolhor 
English translation contributed by the Iter. 
D. Silvan Evan?, formed part of ' Kour 
Ancient Books of Walec,' hy \V. F. Skene, 
Ediubuigh, IdOS, Sto. In recent years mucll 



(loubl has been cut oa the gcnuiueiieas of 
tbe poetrjr ascritMd to Uywuch, on tli« 
ground tbit thfiw ianofiriclenoetliat lirovcr 
-Wftfi A prwl, bnynad the fact that the abo%-e- 
mpntiuiu><l ponmi aro put into his moulli by 
Weljili tradition, poems in which he flj^rM 
t9 a spokesman. Thtir phrasoitlog^- mid vo- 
cnbiilarj npiwar lew &miaic thnn lhoe<e of 
thi> ' Otvdodiii ' of Ani-uriii, hut Llywurch's 
&vourit4) rnvtres bear th« »einbluic« of an- 
tifjuity; one oT ihMe ia a kind of trtplt>t 
knoim as * triban milwr,' each line of which 
has SL'vun 8vlkhiL-«: tha oth<rr is a quatntin 
or au early formof ibe'englyn/in wliich lli*- 
fourth line cimtnin!) an aB^tonanee with the 
last syllalle ofclielhinl lin.>. Tlie preBence 
of rhymu in t hirm t r-lli>f howi-Yer, ti|^iii&t their 
antiquity. Though thest roetnefl arv com- 
mon nfti^T the ninth century, they are gene- 
rally a-ssoL'iaiod with l.lywnrch's name, with 
tbe result thut, according'' to ouo mod^ra 
critic (e.g.EoEKTOS rmLUMOlui.m y'C\fm- 
tnrodor.xi. ]:t'i-*[),'it has beoomv the fashion 
to nucribii 1<i LIvwarch llfii all old oroldUh 
Welsh poetry, fimilar ill aii.'tre.uppurfnt 8ift>, 
and Btvle to the poetry whioh ri-iilly h*.-* 
aoTne claim m be raiiwM'U'd with his name' 
(cf.OWKNl-InWAHDsinHV/j'A/^'r/MrCji,!). \H'2). 
Among thcMo who havo guppurtod tae au- 
UienticilT of these poems arc SLaroii TiimoT 
in hia ' Vindirntion of the Cieniiineneas of 
the Ancient British IWria of Ansurio, 
Talifwin, LIvwarch Her, and Myrddin,' 6vo, 
1803, aiid Thfkraas Stephens in hi« ' Lilera- 
tun> of ihi' Kymry.' Tlif^ contrnvPTfy has, 
however, niijed luwl lierei-ly round ihyelcpy 
on OynddylaiiV death, which ii probably the 
finest rrndbest-known *Twcitnen of the whole 
coHecrioti. I>r. l''dwin (_lne«i ha<t tranrtlnti^d 
it inhis'()i'igini'sOelti(!(B'(18S3t; its authen- 
ticity wfts attacked by Thotnoa Wright, who 
rcgaraod it n.< a foi^ry of the time of Owen 
Olymlwr (Arvi. Oimbr, 3rd st-r. is. -JiV)\ hf 
was answerHl by Tlionias Stephens in ihii 
aame joitmul. A further controversy be- 
tween AVrifflit and olh'Prj' npp-'arpd Ln the 
♦ Fowyslniid Cluli Colli>ction8,' vols, i-iii., 
and Wright's views wererniiroducud in hie 
' Uncontum,' pp. 70-S, and Appendix i., 
Shrewsbury, 1872, 8vo. 

Though tn>aliiig of war and of warriors, 
the poeiti^, ti.'^pecinllv that on C'ynddylnn, 
arc chiofly cli«nict*Ti*eil by iheir pathetic 
lomentatifjn, rnlher than liy their epic or 
heroic ehnnif^liT. 

[Authoriliiwiqiioti'dnbovp; Lljiiarch'sWorlw, 
edited by Dr. Owen Ihigfaa; Skene's FonrAndent 
Boolu ; Stctilitos's Litenilura aT the KyniryJ 

I). Lt_ T. 

LLYWELYN. [See alw Low elts and 

SYIXT id. 1U23?), king of Gwynedd, wna 
a Welsh chieftain, not of the royal line, who 
married, if the tradition of a lata>r time can 
be truvtt^d, A ngharad, ilaughti.T of Man'dudd, 
ton of Owsin, son of llowel I>d« iq. v.] 
(Gwentiem ISrut. s. a. 994>,and thus l>ecame 
associated with the grratest house in South 
Wales. Llywelyn lived in a timeof escnp- 
tional coofusiotL InNorthWalefltbestockof 
the royal house of Owynedd bad been replaced 
on the throuv by a vigorous iimirper, Anddan 
ab Dlegv'wryd. The inroads of the Dam-sand 
the advances of tbe English power were fatal 
to settled rule in North ojid South Walea 
alike. I Jywdyn managed, however, to alay 
Aed<lBnandhiHfourM>m^. This event probably 
happened in 1017, or popsibly 1018, the vear 
uftvT the oecesaion of (.'nut in England i^brut 
y Tyirysfiyiim^ii.iVf, AmiaifsCambria.o. 22). 
Llywelvn nuw t!>ok possveeion of the throne 
of North Wales, thus bringing in the family 
of Ilonel I)da in the penuinof hisdeiaoendnnifi^ 
and represenliiig wiiik* port of triumph of 
South SVtjlsh uver^iorlh Welsh. Llywelyn'a 
brief reign was one of oxcept ioniil proMierity. 
He ia styled " BUprera*) king of (iwynedd,and 
the chief ami riTnowned king of all Iho 
Britons' (J!nii y Tywu'offivn, p. 37). ' In 
hia time,' wrote the Wolsti chronieler (i6, 

S.37), ' it wna usual of the elders «f the kin^ 
om to Bay that his dominion was, fmm una 
sea to the other, complete in iihiindancj> of 
wealth and inhahilnmsj so that it wn? eup- 
poaed that therv* was neither poor nor dt'sti- 
Eutu in all his territories, nor an empty 
hamlet, nor any deticiency.' Tliis indirates 
that under Uywelyn that rwloration of iha 
Xiirth Welsh iKiwer ht-gnn which attained its 
hi}^hL-»t piiinl. in then-if^uf his more frimuiis 
sou CirulfvdJ ah Llywelyn (c/. 1063) [q. v.j 
But in lo'l^) or HKi' Llrwelyn had to face • 
ftTmiidnhli'i-iiemy. An Irish in)n<i!ttnr named 
Hein claimed to bt* llie eun uf Muredtutd ab 
Owain, Llywelvn's falUe>in-law, formerly 
king of Smith AVales. llein waa bo auccesaful 
m* to obt/iin giineml recnguilion tbmiighout 
DeliAiibarth (Suulh Wulus). Llywc-lyn waa 
«tUl sulBciently connected with southern af- 
(iurs to fear the growth of his power. Hi' ar- 
c.ordingly mnrchod with iin iinnv into South 
Wale*. Rein, ' after the manner of J ho Irish,' 
to light, with mnnv hna-its. of victory. After 
a ftharp clnipplp the men of fiwynedd pre- 
vailed, and Hein fled ' shAmefully, like a fox.' 
Thn: buttle was fought ot- Aberpwili, near 
I'lirmurthen. Itein was heord of no morB» 
and tierhapH neriahed in th>' brittle {A'inalm 
CantAritr, p. 33). Llywelyn, by cruelly de- 
vaatating Uio «outh, vindicated his positioik 


M ebwf king of the Wol»h. Next ywr be 
died. The dAtv is eitb«r 1021 or l(hf3, pro- 
bably the later jrvar. U<a left & brother 
umed Cjma, who was cl&in four je*n lat^r. 
BiB Km Ctniffyiia ab I.lpvelyn (d. 1068) 
h. v.] wu for a tiiut^ tirivVtn from (twjDedd 
OT a restoration of tbc ri^litrul liiie. Tbe 
Gwentian chronicler cclchrafi^s Jjlyw»lTn'» 
Tirtne.s in war and penrc, and co'U]i1''b uim 
vith lii« son as ' thit uobleft iiriucea that had 
"bten until their timti in WaiM.' 

rAnnalM CBm1>H», Brut y Tjyrjtopim. both 
laBoIlt 8»r,: Brut j Trwvi«i«n, ed. Khys and 
J.O. Emw; OwwitUB Brn'tyTywywdoB. Cam- 
fattan Atdnlogieil Aaaodaboo.] T. F. T. 

Lltwixts thk fltttUT (d. 1:*40), prince of 
Nonb WalM, aftvm'anU prince ut Wales, 
vaa the aon of Iorwi>nli, the unlj* one of the 
many eons of Owain Gwynedd [q. t,] who 
had, from th« nccWiaatical paJut of ricw, 
knj claim to bo cnllnd li'^ittmate. About 
lljtl lorw«rthw«a expelled from Gwynedd 
by hiB half-brother, Dnvj'dd ab Owain [aeo 
Dattui) r], who liiuj) became,iii namcat least, 
lardufUwyoMld. Hut lorwprtb and kit other 
brotben ODBtinoHl to moltrit th«ir8UCoe»sful 
riral.whow rool dominions 9«*Mnm «>xtended 
for bpyond the vale of Clwyd. 
cunlinV tu ihe Welfth senealogistfl, muried 
Uanv<l, daughter of Madog ab ftUndodd, 
prince of Powys, but there ia documcnUry 
•TldMUS that the motber of Llywelyn was a 
Bember of tho border family of Corbet (Er- 
nx,SArop»Au^,vi. lOOj Moniuticm,riA9~). 
£yton MVfl that it was common for W«lsh 
BMualoguta to BUppreBB Englbh marriaj^. 
Id nay caM Llywelyn Mem* to bare btiea bom 
or brouglit up in ^xiU, probably in England. 
He WW only twelve yeant old wlien hia par- 
tiaaiLo began to molest Davydd ab Owaio. 
Their aitocoai pro\'v<l, to ibt; satisfaction of 
Oiraldtia Cambri>n#i<i, that Proviilonre was 
on the Nde of tlx.' li-uilimal'- Mock in lli<-ir 
nru^leagaitifl lheDtiVTfringf)f aiiino-Muoiis 
union. Ac be fiwvr older Llywelyn formed 
an alliance ogninar Dnv^'dd with hia unrle 
Bbodri, lord uf Mona and :inDwc)on and the 
{bll brother of Davydd, and uleo with hla 
eouaina, tbe two vons of Cyn&n, another 
brother of Da^Add, who ri>i(^^t jointly in 
Ueirionydd. In 1104 the cumiiiui-d cousins 
and uncle won a ^rvst triumpb, expelling 
Davydd from all his terntory except three 
CMtfw,>^*^ xoon driving him out altogether, 
and fofcinff him tu tnko refup) iuKo^land. 

The mien of Llywelvu ovlt (Jwyncdd 
begins with ihefli^h't of ]')arTdd. 1 1 in chief 
rinJ in tlur earlier yeani of bis principality 
iraa Gwenwynwyu [_q. r.], who bwaime by 


hia falhi-r Owain 's d««tli, in 1197, prince of 
Powys, and who, ' though near to Llyw<'lvo 
as to kitidrod, waA a foe to htm as to dertls* 
( Brut y TtfieyMofft'on, p. liSH), Gwenwyn« yn 
now took poKHeasioi] of Arwystli, the re;.-iun 
of tlifl upw Serem round about Llanidli>ti«, 
and took Llywelyn prisoner in the counio of 
the conflict {ib. p. ^ol), though he does not 
vxm to have kvpt hiui long in o:<alinL'Uiuiii. 
But Llywelyn had other iMteiiuee amnofi liia 
old allit^-s and kin^olk of the house ofOwy- 
nedd, though over theae alao he gmduallr 
prored TEctoriuuB. In l^Ol he conquvrud 
Lleyn, the promontory of the modern Cnmar- 
von si I in-, driving out [be old ruler, his coimin 
Marvdudd ab Cynan, whom he arcUAP^I of 
treachery (i"A. p. 25"). Next year Mtin.'liidd 
alw lo*t Meirionydd. In September U*OJ 
Llywelyn marched with u great h«wl to be 
revenged on his old anetnv liwenwvnwj-n. 
lie succeeded iu t&kioff Bala Caatfc; but 
soma of hiii followers were Inkewami, and 
the clureyt regular and Kccular, combined 
to neeotiate a peace. In VMS the death of 
Davrdd ab Owain in his English exile aliU 
fiirtner secured Llywelyn's position. 

LlyM-flyn had now laid the foundations of 
the great power wliiL-h he waa to exercise 
for the next fonv years. It bad already be- 
come worth whilt; for the English king to 
securu his alliance. As long ns Iticliard I 
lived there waa generally open war b^-tnven 
Llvwelvn and the English. But on 11 Jidy 
l:*f)l King John mode pi-ace with Llywdyn 
and hia uulilctt, thus abjuidaning Davydd and 
his claims. lie now sought to miiJie thn 
connection betweien the Welsh prince and 
himsi'If cUwtT by the nwirriagi' of^ Llywelyn 
tu JusUf hit^ ille^'itimatu diiiightur [see J(tAN« 
d. 1237]. Already, in l^i'), John had con- 
ferred on Llywi'Iyn nii part of her marrisffo 
portion the ensile of Kllr'jimere, the old gift 
of Henry II tu Davydd ab Uwuin and bis 
wif* (Jiot. CJtart. i. 147). .\t Ascensiontide 
1 206 the marriage was celebrated ( Worc€ttcr 
AnnaU, p. .'IM). 

In 1:^07 John and Llywelvn combined 
ag«in«t Owenwynwyn. While tht; king 
seited (Jwenw-ynwrn at f^hrewsbiuTr', Llyw- 
elyn tfKik posAe^ion of nil \\m lerntury and 
castles. Tlius master of the whole noiili hy 
tus of I'owys, Llj-welyn now for 
theiirst tiniL' extended his power into Smith 
Wales. Maelgwnab Uhv^.lonl of Ceredigion, 
sought to prevt^nt bi)> advance over tbe l»yvi, 
bv rasing the castles of Aberystwith and 
\stnidmeurig. ThLsdid not atop Llvwnlyn'a 
j advanpfi. He took pmwessionof Abery^twirh, 
. and spewdily rL-pHir<:-d the ruined ensile. Us 
conquered all tcn-digion north of the Aeron, 
I retaming Penwedig in his own handu, nnd 




(tiviiif? tilt! rest to Lis nephewA, tbe aona of 
("inifTytld th RLya. Lie Already bsdc feir to 
become priiici^ of ftll \\'iilf«. 

The pood umlorfctundingbotwi^en 1.1 ywnlvn 
and Jouu did nut la^t lonir. lu 120S Jouu 
leleiuf^d Owenwvnwyn and rw-torfd hiin to 
his (omlorii!8. lie bNu [jrotiiiitfil tu rttK""! 
I.lywelvn as his »t>ti, and [lariluii him all in- 
juries 5one to CiwenwTtiwyii (F<adera, \. 
\\y2); but the r»?le(ise of Lia riTftl was an act 
of hostility, anil wur siion hmke oul helwwen 
thfi princu Biid thu Vm^. In lliOB Ciw«c- 
wyiiwyii, with \)w tiing^'s help, drove Llyw- 
v\yt\ out of Powyn. In tlip autumn of 1206 
lianuljiLdL^lJluiiik'vill.oftrl of Chi*tC'r[i,i.v,j, 
jdined with Ouoffn-y FilaPutttr thu jut<tLt;iiLT 
lu Itiadin^ an army against Uwynt-dd ( Dun- 
tiatiie AnnnU, p, ai'V Thfl onri ri'huilt the 
ohi uulpcwt of (hit KiifiUrtli powi^r, the eahtle 
of DogTiDwy, whifh Llywelyn had pn-viyusly 
destrtiyed. IIi^ nlto built a catttlu ut lloly- 
wi^U, Rut. Llywelyn retalial^^d byt-niel i1b- 
vattlatiuiiH uf tlic earl's liimlo, wIiiIh ail over 
Walee his partiaatiE eiicce^^fully maintained 
tlieniAelte^ a^initt the adhcrrntti of the Icing 
and the marrhera. In ll'llO John prepared a 
KTi-Bl- liipuditioM a^faiiist Llvwelvn, but after 
hoUling an inttTvicTr with bim uutnis»ed biB 
forces. In 1210 John ]iu**L'd twico through 
Sonrh \\'alfs on hia way tu and from Iru- 
land, ^\'hilt* the Eur! of CbtisLer again fought 
acaiiist IJywflyn in the north {Annalet 
CamM<r, pp. B'ti-7; WcnvAst: of Cantbr- 
DiriEV, ii. UMt). Hut niilhing waa done) that 
ditniiiiahi^d Llywi-ljn'a powur. 

Id 12U Jiilin formed a plan of drivinfr 
Llvwclvn out of Liitdominit^iuH. Must of tho 
leiMtT WeUh chu'ftuins, wlin wert" now much 
afraid of Llywelyn, wit>: active on his t\iii. 
with Owwiwynwyn of I'owys and th* 8ona 
of llliv nf South WuIm at tht-Jr hiud. In 
IIr- sjirinK H grt^it army a.'i.-^i'mblec] at Whit- 
chiirclj, li>d by the kiii^ in per^ron, and 
marched to Ueganwv. Llywelyn wa.* now 
«a hard prtis.'ted that hn nrtrfHttKl wilh all his 
movable proptTtj into the fa«tni-'SBes of Snow- 
don, abandoning the plain country to the 
eii(>mr. Itiit thi' aefiaon was too r'nrly for 
Buch anundiTtiikitiK. Aftt-r L-iidunugct^vvrc^ 
privatiooii from lofk of fuod, John was run»!<l 
to rtrtire to Kngland about Whitsuntide (/?n(/ 
y Ttf'iyfOffiiin,[r. 2(ll>, which erront'ourtlydatps 
the campaign in 1210, hut whrisp ^iMmral 
aKcumcy in homo out by Wii-TtK de Co- 
TENTKT, Mi^ittrialf, \\. 2(W). Kiirlv in A«- 
gti>n Jolin n^inapppanKl in (iwyuetld, build- 
ing fiLsth'ji to mnirilain a neniiaQt^nt hold 
ov«r llifi count ry. Amongt at-sewas a ca»tle 
at AbercoTiway. John now innrclicil right 
thrnuffh Snijwdon (Urul y TywynDyi'in, p. 
2(19 ; Annalea Cambria, j.p. 07-8 ; Fhrtt 

Hutorianan, ii. 140 ; Matthkw Pakib, Ilut, 
Major, ii. 632; IVorcf^ter Armali, p. 399>. 
lie captun-d Bangvr and look the buhop 
priscjuur. At the same time the Enfrli^s 
took posaeasion of Ahurvstwith in combina- 
tion with The sons of Rftrs. IJywelyn was 
n<iw forceil by Lis chieflatna to sue for peace. 
Hu Mint his wife Joan to prevail upon her 
father to give him lionourablo t£rmi<i, and 
I having nhtainKl«saf9>conducC himself rl«it#d 
I the royal cump. Peace waa eoan arranged, 
, tUe turina of whi(.-h ore somewhat differently 
' stottd by Tartoiu) chroniclers. Llywelyn 
I made large offerings of cattle to bid father- 
' in-Iiiw, nnd dulivvred up hudtuges of liigh 
I runk as sccuriliea for his future good belia- 
riour. n<.'ah)oseema to havti ceded to John 
I th« four cantri^dji of Per^'eddwlad {Hrvt Jf 
I Tutryirtywu, t>]i. 208-9), that, is, the district 
wf the LlwyJ. Tbe * Annals of M'orcpster,' 

E. StM. siiy that he surrendered to John aU 
1h InnrlB save Snowdon and Anglesey, and 
a t*mall iliftrict btyond Snuwdou, probably 
Lleyii. Thig may come to rer\' much the 
same thing n^ the statement of the Welsh 
writ or. N'on hem Ceredigion was also reoo^ 
nised us royal dotuaiii. 

Peace did not lattt long. In 1212 Qwen- 
wyiiwyn anti Maelgwn ab Rhys settled their 
dilltTenceH with IJywelyn.anil forra«l a con- 
federacy to carry out a suJdi'U attack on the 
Eu^Uflli, or, iis'tbev an> ntUl called by the 
native cUroniclers^ the French {Annalei Ctm^ 
hriit, p. H^]. A 8udd<-n ai<aaiilt waa made 
ou the ca«l:le« built or reslured by John in 
the previouayodr. Llywelyn captured Abep- 
cotiwuy and all the other ntfw castles izL 
(iwynedd except Ucganwy and Itbuddlan. 
Tlie niun of Powys seized l^lph Vipont's 
castle of Mavhtftvftl, nud drove it* owner into 
Kngland. TIiih eecond Wolah rising shook 
the power of king and marcheralike. John, 
who had been warded of rjlywt-lyn'i* treaclieiy 
by ]ii» tlniiglitur Joan, hanged t^igbt-and- 
l.wL'uty Welsh lioBlag(?s at Nottingham (Matt. 
Pauiw, IIi»t. Majur, li. 5.'i-l), though some 
hostage:) atill remained alive in bl» hands. 
He (ighin preiiarcd to invade North Walca, 
lliit he uow discijvered that his own nobles 
could not Im! trust«d, and, ineitead of continu- 
ing his course towards Cliester, hurried back 
to Irfindnu. It was in vain that John sought 
lofet up against IJywelyn.OwuinabDnvydd 
ub Ovain. The pretfuder could not seciire 
posseHsion of ibe three cantred* of Pervedd- 
wlad, now granle*! to him {Hot. Chartancm, 
p. t88i). llist failure left Llywelyn etronger 
than ever. In the courws of the yenr Llyw- 
elyn won hai'k nil lii» previous losses {Mar^ 
ffatn Ar^tniU, n. ^2). 

Llywelyu uiUfully contrired to defeuil bin 






■natiotiai liberties at tlie Mune tiine aa he 

aetM in concert Trith ihi> pi-ntfnil oppoHtt inn 

lu Joliu. H<!< jXHk^ SK thi' cliampiuii of the 

' Riimati churrb against the pxrniumuiliiCAt<>d 

' kiag. Innocent in accordingly absolved 

Kljnvlyn and his allies flwenwynwyn and 

Uarl^^rn ab Kkirs from this oatbx uf fralty 

wbich tbeT bad token to tbe £iurlifib king, 

and uiyed tliem aa an eunert <n their re- 

jHtiiance to waffe active irar against him. At 

tb^ Mirue tiiuo ibfir dominions in Wales wrv 

r(>Uervd from ihu Ksneral interdict iulowhicli 

John's whole king'dou had now been plunged 

•for Btb years {Unit y 7yityMi^on,n. 278). 

Aa John's dutreM increaaiMl, IJywt-lyn's 
«uc<»w bvcamc more decided. In 1213 hu 
captured the catties of Deguuwv and Khiidd- 
lan, tbe last barriers tnbi.Hcompieti' command 
of Ow^nnld. 'All the (pkhI uifiiof KiiglanO 
And all th* princw of Wales.' mv* tlis 'Brut 
y Tywysogion ' (p. 2(^1 >, 'combined togetfier 
vgainEi The kin;r< ^^ that none of them with- 
out the othc-ra vbuuld unter into peaw vfith 
the kin^ until he had restored to the churches 
<h«*tr taw'8 and privilt-^rcK, and unto ihi^ gotxl 
men of England and Wales their lands and 
ca»ilee, which he had talci^ii fr<:iiu them with- 
oot either right or law.' Johu i^-iugbt in vain 
Co buy off Llywt-'lyn with |>rimitM-«. At bis 
tlauchter Jo&n'n entreaty he ulfered lo restore 

the hMttgcs rliat «till rcmunt^ in hi^ hands 

\i_F<rdtra, i. l'2ti). He nl»o un;ed, without 

re«ult, a meeting betn'cun Llvwelyn and 

rtival oommiaaionera to itptlle bis grievances 

Hii. i. 127). While Ihe • Saiona of the 

Korth ' nutrched south upon Ixmrlon, I.Iyw- 

rlvn and tbe Cymn' iiivade<t England and 

■■t down befon! Shrewnbunr, which eiir^ 

nodend without striking ■ hluw. Oilea de 

Bpaow, biahop of Heri'mnl, Joinod tbu n^- 

aOQnSM of the great ftuuiie uf wliicli he was 

■ She bead with those of tbe Welsh prince. 

[On hif death his brother and heir, R«|;iiiald 

rde Braoae, obtaintn) possctuion of liia o^^iate^ 

'uriUi Llywelyn'a bulp,and tbou^'ht it no di»- 

[.pangetiMiit to marry Llywelyn's daughter 

, {DtmMtapU AntMU, p. n'2). Idywelru'^i 

liea, th» confederate bamii.4, had noi for- 

[{{Ottjeii Ilia iutermta. Claujses fur the Welsh 

(pnnee's advantage were in»erled in tlie ' At- 

I tides of tbe Ilnroni* wnt to John in May 

12l<5^m ilrackh'T(STrB8s,.'!>/ci-f f'hnrUes, 

p. 294). Their ■ubf'taiici.- wiui embodied iu 

Articloi 50-^ of Magna Carta signed by John 

■ vn 1£ JnDe(r'}. pp. 30>S-4>. By them John 

^P^mwuBed to make reJtiluLiim to all WeJsli- 

men onlawfiiUy dis»viH.-d uf Uiada or liberties, 

aad lorMioreforriiwitb the ho«tag«« that had 

^uttrvived the Nottingham masNicre in 1212. 

^KAmonff these was a fan of I.lywelyn. Thn!i 

^^he WeUh princ« took uu iuconaidcnhli; . 

■bare in the gnnt struggle for thu chartdf, 
and reaped no small advantage from ic. 

The gmntinr of the charier led to no c»- 
aation of hof'tiTiiie^^ in \>'aleR. A t^rpat wave 
of WeUh re\o]t followed upon Llywelyn'e 
northern swccwew. The baraMM Welsh 
chienaioa of tbe south aaw in bia triumph 
an apportunity for vengeance against their 
English lorda and neighboura. All over 
the south they roae in arms. During the 
eummur Mat-l^wn and his nephews tookaios- 
senion of Dyved, winnineover sU the W ulab 
to their side, llie^ then c^ed upon LlTweljn 
tohelpthem. Winterhad aowset in,l)Ut tiu! 
SL'aKon was itrusually mild, and IJywi-lyn, 
marehing with a lorgi- army to the souths 
foujilit a vigorous campaign all through 
December, Ihi H Dec. Llywelyn appeaml 
btifore Carmarthi-ti, driving out I lie 'French* 
garrison ' not by arroe but through their own 
tears.' In fire day* the caatle was in his 
lianda. He now raziMl it t« the ground. 
The gri.'at caftles of tbe south — Llan^tej)baa} 
St. Civnr'i, Newcastle-Emlya, Aherti.'ivi,CU- 
gi?Fnin, Kidwelly — all fell into his tKMaowion. 
He wail triumphant from tbe Inraenof tbs 
Peinbrokesliirt) palatinate to the frontier 
of ih« Earl of Glouoester'a lordship of (ila- 
moTgau. At lant he retumfd to tuc northi 
'happv and joyful with victory.' 

SiicL a career of Welsh conquest had not 
been known since the Normans first come 
into Wales. Llywelyn had become the un- 
doubted leader of tlie wlioli' \Vel.*li pi.v>ple. 
He was n>i longer pri nee mendy of OwvniMld, 
but prince of all Walt^s uol nJed ty th« 
Normans, Early in liMB Maelgwn and the 
other Miuth Weliih cbinftainti, once so hostile 
to Llywelvii, submit Ted their conflicting 
claims tohi«arbitn[tion. A 1 1 1 h<.> ' wiac men 
of (itcym^d gathered ruund LIvwL-lyn at 
Aberdovey. where, in a sort of Welsh parlia- 
ment of Diairuateti. py*'t?d, Ceredigion, Ystrad 
TywI.and hidwi-IIy were partitioned among 
a number uf rival priun-lingv. Alarmed at. 
Llywelyn's power, the faitlilei;a Gwenwyn- 
wyn went over in 1216 to King John, 'treat- 
ing wiih contempt hi.t oath to iht'chieft ai nit of 
I'in^'landnnd Walesaiid viulatinjT his homage 
to Llywelyu ' ( Brut i/ Ti/uymt/hnf p. 29lV 
Llywplvn vigorouslv expostulate'l with his 
va.-uiAl for breaking nil* failh, nnd, finding n- 
miinstrance fruitless, invaded his domtDiooa. 
Gweuwyuwyn wa« aoon forced to take refuga 
in Cbeanire, but, despite John's help, could 
never Tfgnin liLi dominions. Henceforth 
Llywelyn ruled over I'pimr Powyf. Tho 
troubles of the end of Joun's peipi and tbe 
civil war that ushered In that of flenry III 
gave Llywelm abundant oppnrt unit ies lo 
conaulidatc hia newly won powor. When in 




1217 hia ally lle^nald do Bnoso reconciled 

himself wiiD like partutatis of the young king, 
tha Wflsli siibjcuU of tlni Ijoiise of llraose 
rebelliicl mwl Llj-wfljTi came to their lit!l(>»nd 
ftttscke<d Bracon. Llywelyn forced lii-ginAld 
to tDakoluseubiniBflionnnil then led hiHitrmy 
over tliP mitiiiittiiiis to Gowpr, wiicjiue li« 
nurctied ftgtiiut the 'Flt^mino^ of Dyred,' 
the Biihiectit of \V illinm Maralinl , onrl of I'eni- 
bniliuaiidreRunl nf Kn;fla.nd. Llywflyn now 
blocluided ita^erfordw'iTttl, but pitice waa ar- 
nnged throuf^h clict Bishop of 8t. DflvidSiand 
Llywi-Iyn wilhdivw to Crft-rnwl^i willi twonty 
of the noblest ImstagRi of Khna and Pem- 
broke ( ii&. p. "JO-.' ). In 1211? CrtnuarUn<n and 
Aberteivi iCai'dif^an) wore put uiidt-r the 
CUBlOLiy uf l.lywchii (ib. p. 308 1. 

Aflur tliB 'n-illidrawal of l^nia of France, 
thereKeiilPtfnil>roicu<leLaandwd that Llywelyn 
iliould iK^rfonn tl»! hnmape due to the young 
kiiiK- In March 1'J18 l>lywt<lYn and liia prin- 
cipal linbles apjiwirpd under safe-conducrt.^ Bt 
Worcester and duly »ul»milt«d thfltuwilvesto 
their ovorloTnl t Firttcm, i. ITiO). Llywt-lyn 
WK8 onlnrud to rL'stori' tliu lands of sumt? of 
t2ie Idnff'aiivrvanix.and in ruturn was put in 
poweeaion of bis Kiij^lisli t-states (iti. i. l-'*! >. 
In IJ1!> t.heri' woro many councils hi-^ ■ '■< 
IjlywL'lyii ami some of the En^li»h Iji: r, , 
tut LlywL'lj-n's runain|f, Fnyo the Eng-li^li 
aniialiat, always savtwl liim (Fhr. Hut. li. 
170). (>n4Mtty VJ'20 he held another inter- 
viow with tho vmine kinR at Shrewsbury, 
"wLere liia aou I)!tvy<ld Vse IfAVTDU II] was 
taken under tlie pni'l-'clion of his royiil uufJ* 
(/irrfem, i. 15U), Hut there ■wero dispvili's 
u to the extent of the royal rightti over 
Melenydd, whii^h Lly\velyn waa fnrced to 
•tirrender, •nd no j^od rij«ult «pran(r frt'in 
the confen'^ncc iltn^al Letters, i, ll3, Idii: 
cf. Eiros, SAropfiirf, iv. 213). In the suni- 
mer of the Rami- \ ear a private war of iimisiial 
tna^itudeaiul importance hr'iko OUT between 
Llywilynnnd the younger William Marslial, 
earl of IVmbroke sincu his father's dealb 
in 1-19. Llywelyn cunninjrly prepared for 
thia by ptting help from toe king in order 
to put down snine n^ht^la n^ainHt tbt; royal 
autnorily in the iiouth. In Attest ho sud- 
denly burst into Peiiibroke9hir>*, capturinjf 
three castloB and crMi>lIy devn^Cating the 
whole provinre, his pretext beinjj tlm mar- 
shal's refuBal 1o redeem tlio captiviw of a 
former r»id. An auxiliary force came over 
from ihe marshal's Irinh eatates and was 
totally destroyed by Llywelyn. It ^^a.■» 
belit-vi'd that (lie lo^sea of the njan-Iiai 
and iiitt men exceeded th« amotmt of Kins 
Kielinrd'a rananm ( [hautapie AminU, p. 61 ; 
of. lirut y I'yu'ytK^itmt p. 'M^l, and lioyat 
Zettert, i. HiS, lib). Unable to d«fend 

themMlres, the vassals of the earl mn 

forced to make ternw with the invader. Tha 
kin{^, who indiiifnautLy rfpudtsted nil parti- 
rtpatiou iu Llywvljii'e nid, urged in Tato 
upon the prince to make reparation for the 
injuries that he bad inflicted (fadera, i. 184). 
Hi_'wasniore,>'Ucce8Mfuliiiurgingon LIj-wwItii 
to pruloni; tho irucc ho ha<l made with toe 
Earl of Pembroke (lA. i. 166), Next year 
Llewelyn wuj* (icRitpied in a quarrel with his 
eldest son GrullyUd, bom of a Welsh mother, 
who resented the favour ahown to his legi- 
timate hull-brother I1avydd,the ifrandson of 
King John. Tht* men of Meirioaydd, over 
whicli (IruU'ydd bore away, grievoualy in- 
aultM Llywelyn, who now curchod a^aiiM 
them with uii iirmy. Tha iutvrvention of 
'the wiftBonbiith aidea'prBventedbkHidehod. 
GruSydd sulkily auhinitted to Llywelya, 
who took nway from liim hia dominionaaT 
AI(»irionydd and Ardudwv> 

In the fiiiramerof li*2l Rhya tliu Hoare* 
of South Wah's fell away frma Llvwelyn 
and att-arbeil him»»lf to Willinro Marshal. 
This again brought Llywelyn ei>iil-h of tha 
Kovey. lie took uoeseMion of Aberj^twith 
nnd added it to nia own domains 1 ^ruf jr 
i'ljHyMiffion, i>. :i(K>), nnd aft^rwnrds fought 
ri^'niiiNt UliVrt ou t-umiiLrtben bridge, where 
]:■' I .lined the victory. He now tttripptid 
i;l[\- of Kidwelly, Oower, and hia olnw 
fiouthem pog8eMion«, and forced him to do 
homuge nnd hund over boslageu to hiiD. 
Llywelyn then proceeded ngainat Petnhroke- 
sliire, where this lime he effected very littla 
iji'ti/al Lcttru, 1. 176-7), In ibo autumn 
the re&tleaa prince lind a fri^sh wnr ou lus 
handn. 1 le atlaeked hia old ally and fton-in- 
Inw, ItegiuaUl de llraoce, and laid siege to 
hia cjiMiU^ of Hiiilth. A rfiynl army, areom- 
panied by llie vounif l>iiiK in pen^uii, luarrhed 
TO its relief. 'I'he AVt-lah Heil on ila approach, 
and Henry marched as far a» Montpomifry^ 
when- he rebuilt or atrerigthencd tbe eoatla 
(Matt. Pauis, Ui»t. Mi^ur, iii. (il). la 
1223 war raged more fiercely (ban ever ia 
Pembrokeshire. In Pa^fiion week William, 
Marfbal cauie b<irk from Ireland. Many 
mnipiates sent him help. He hiid now woii 
bacK the caatles that 1 J\-welyn had captured, 
aud retaliated by a clestnictive foray into 
Llywelyn's tprriiorieft, whore he won a 
pLtcliL'd buttle, aluying, it was believed, nln* 
thousand men {ib. iii. 7»3). 

TIit> close undi^ratanding bet wei'n Llywelyn. 
nnd the discontented harons made the Welsh 
prinee'a a<.'livity the more dangi^rou.". Ilugh 
de Lacy was hie activ& ally; Falkea de 
Breaut^ took refuge in bis territory. Tho 
Earl of Cheater wna now his well-wieher. 

So fvrmidahLe was ho that aftar the failuro 




ot an KtU.-mpt to Mrsuado liim to lioM 
•n ioterview with tut> king at AVorcMter, 
where on 10 Sept. Joan went to rncvt her 
brother, summnnscs wen- iiuiiieO loih4>fi>uilfll 
luvia to niMt for u WvUh uxiMMlitum at 
01ouceet«r {FmHera, L 170). Llyweljii &t 
the tjmewms again besieging Builtli,snd had 
rccentlT d ertt o y ed two Iwrder raritle.t in 
North WftlM fa«1onginpf to Fulk FiUwAriue 
(DtautapU Annnts, p.t42). Ht< wiu tixcom- 
mnnicaled br the Archbiafaop of Ciinterbury 
(lift. Ji. mi), luiil in October hU lands were, by 
eomsiuMl of l'op« Huuoriu^ III, put tinder 
interdtct (^Scuai Lftttrn, i, lU^). As usual 
bo gave way Twfotv the king's advance. By 
tbe mediation of iJio Mart of Cb(<Hti>r a peace 
was patched up, on thvL'oDditiotis (hat Xlant- 
goniTy wu to go to the kin^, the martthal 
to retain htBoriginalt«TTitone5,Bnil Uywulvn 
to repair and reiitore Fttzwariue's ca^iW 
{Ihnutnpir Atmah, p. 83). Lljrwelya and 
Wiilliam .Marshal botn appeared before the 
kang'a council at Ludlow, but could not 
be recoDciM {linU y 7y«ry*yi«n, p. 315). 
Yet for th« next few years tli«rd was oom- 
pantire tmnqnillity. Thi're was eoiutant 
talkabout afresh interview between LlywolvD 
and llenr}-. but it was postpoued from time 
ta tiBi» (Fofdera, I. 172, ltd). It wag not 
hnKO the aummer of 12:^ that Henry «aw 
bia eist(>r, faer fiercp husband, and tliL'ir finn 
Uarrdd at Sbrew«biiry (lA. i. IS'J). lu tho 
ueaatiju« constant diplomatic di»pDte« bad 
gone na. When n>pruAchfd for having rc- 
CMTed the outlawed Falkcs de ItmautA, 
Uywelni proudly anawercd : ' We do not 
poaMMleu franc^iivs than the king of Scot*. 
who ft«ely rwwivRt Kngli^h outlaws* {Royal 
letters, i. 2^9), Short truceH whth from 
time to time arTaag>;d (tb. i. 333-4). Wil- 
liam Marahal cnntinuM hi«i feudfl. When in 
\^h he ruoetved Klcanor, iht* kingu lUHler, 
in mairiage, one of the rpowins given was 
tbe UGcd of rewarding hi» ftucceu ill capturing 
I Llrwelyn'A castle* (ift. i. :M1 ). It wim not 
Wilil l^iHt thatUywi-lynand Williaiu madu 
a final peace. 

In 122S Llywelm again went to war 
Bgainat the Knelisn, and befueged Mnnt- 
gom« ry C-tuitU', then belon^ng to X)w juit- 
ticiar, Ilubt^rt de Burgh [q. t.] TIia king 
acd justiciar marched to relieve the siege, 
whcn-upon IJyweljTi withdrew. The Eng- 
lish m^in-hed m* far a» Kerry, in the inudfrn 
Vontgoineryfibire, where ther burnt the 
abbev, on the ground that tu© Cintercian 
BUUiltB who lived in it w«>n^ ton frit^mUy to 
tbfi WeUb. In it« plaw; ili-tir>' and lltilxirt 
btgaa to build acaatle. Lljrn'clyn,howtiTt'r, 
anembled histruope afresh on the oth^r sidu 
^Kfbreet, and rigorously assaulted the oast !&- 

builders. WiHiam dv BraoB«,iH>Dand heirnf 
Reginald, was captured in tbe fight. At Last 
the English suflered *o much mnn lack of 
food, and mi tnittiy of the Knglish Initio were 
eecrelly in relalton with thu prin».', that ihs 
king and justiciar were forced to accept a 
peace. Llywt^lvti gave Henry three thousiand 
murkA (Matt. f*ABis,iii. 15N; the ItuM/apie 
AmtaU ad printed by Dr. Luard r«ad ' mills 
vacc««,'p.llO) for his expenue*. and allowed 
Kerrytogo to its lawful heir. Theunfiniahed 
castle, called ' Ilubnrt'o Folly,' waa a Strang 
witneas of th« virtual triumpli of th« WeL'ii 
prince, despite tho barren renewal of the 
nonage of Via chieftain* to Henry {Itrut y 
Tgnwioffion, n. .HI7). l}avyd<] now went to 
LonooD with uiasistur and performed homage. 
William de Bmfiav remained a captive in 
Uywolyn's hands. In !ii29 he purchased 
hia 6«edom with thrive thou.<iand marlki, the 
promiae of bia daughtiT laabt-lla lu marriage 
to Uavydd ab Llywdyn, with Kuitth as her 
wedding portion, and an engagKmotit not t<i 
fight against Uywalyn for thi^ futuri^ {Tttot- 
ttapfe Annalt. p. i 17 J. But duriac his cajw 
tivityAVillinm hadwon theloveof iJywelyn'a 
wife Joan. Tartly to be avenged on tho 
adulterer, partly to wreak revenge for old 
wrongs, Llywelyn's men seized WiUiain in 
his own hoiDte at Eaater in 123() i^AmtaU of 
Mnrgam^ p. 88 ). They brought liim to TJyw- 
elyn, who on ^ May booged him openly and 
in tlie presence of many wit tica^es at Crokeen 
(Matt. Pari*, iii. 194; Bmt i/ TytryMffinn, 
p. 319; Royal Letten, I. tmi)'. The details 
of tbe story vary conaiderahly, but there 
Mens no nut&ntial ruason for setting a»ide 
the iiluin icBtinioiiy of indeotMideiit. Wt-hdi 
and kngliKh chmniclerB (cf,. Iinwevtir, JoAS, 
d. 1237 ; Jt'jytil Lftten, i. 3fi6-tt, is plainly 
miitdatecO. Builth rtimained in l.lyii'elyna 
hands, and became a soimw of new dis- 
uutes (r6.iL. 37 1, a« Ueniy now gninted it to 
ttia brother Richard of Cornwall ( Teu-kft' 
Awry ^mirtfr, p. 88). In \-ll^\ Llyw^lyn n^ 
newtrd his ravngi-fl on a grejiI'T scale, Ho 
marched south through Monttromery and 
Brf^on. burning the towns and razing the 
cast Ira in hi* pnth. From Hrecnii It» nro- 
cct'ded southwards into Gwcnt, tht.' inoitum 
Monmouthshire, a region, too remote to havo 
hitherto flufferetl from his ravagvs. Ilo re- 
dua-d Caerleon to a.*he3, hut failed in tnke 
the CBslle,and many of bin mon wi-re ilrowiied 
in the Usk i^Mar^m Annals, p. 3U). Ue 
thence marched weatwards over tlie moun- 
tains, thus nearly avoiding the Karl of ftlnu- 
castar'alordahipof Glamorgan, lledoatruytxl 
the cartles of S'eath aad Kidwellv, exacted 
pjxtymarks of silver from the monin of Mar- 
gam,enda«aiilted in vain the little borough of 




'Kenriff. Tlift Engitsh heard with horror how 
he haaburnt down churches fwU of vomen, 
»ii4l pprii>^tmt«i nil kinds of ntrociliBS (Matt. 
Paris, iii. aOI-2). On -Jl) June 12,'ll the kinj 
.ftiunmoiied a council and arnir at Oxford (i'^. 
iillHiS; Jioj/al Letter*, i. 400). Llywelyn 
van tkgaJD, tiXComatun'icalKil, and his lauds 
placed under an intirdint, whir.b was cnn- 
£riiitid by the pojie (ib.y.'20'2; Oxtifi/ Annalt, 
p.7"J; WorcctterAnnn!*,^ i^i'2). TrtHi[k-i wen- 
nlsn got fLutdv iiilncland, Bud tUl i'X]iurt« from 
Irvland lo 'SVales forbidden {liotfal letters, 
li. 41)3). But no &erious injury was done 
Llywelyn in Ihi* cftropftign, A monk nf 
■Owmhir iBCipltid tlii; KupliaL Knrri«>ii i>f 
Monlgoiiif]7iiiloananiliuj>li. Hcnrr marrlied 
to CVmliir, and exacted a fin* of three hun- 
dred mnrk.*. Hi» chiof fT]i!nit was to r«- 
build MilikFh Ciu^tlu with uton*.'. A thn;v 
years' truce vnu patclied up m IX'ceniber, and 
the sentence of excomnmni cation suspended 
KDunAtapUAnnuU,^. \'1~\. Thenp^oliafioiiR 
furUavir'dd'a marriage wit hlsulN'lIaJuBrii CISC' 
were now reauned (_Fadcra, i. 2081. Uiit 
nothing wiw nmeluded, niid in I 'I'A'l Lly wp!yii 
jnenowwi hit^ riivuK** '« 'he lands of tlii' lioiise 
uf nrD()«L>, lUcbard of Cornwall manfully 
defended hia new posseasions, but when I'eter 
des Itochtw urifed upon Henry to make a new 
-«xpeditioii, llic king pleaded his poverty 
(Mati. P&BIGi, ill. 219). Llywclyu's suc- 
ceiises ore thereforo easy to understand. 
When, howeT>?r, Hubert dt» Burgh fell, th« 
churns a^inet him included complicitv in 
Ihe ueu-th ofWilliatn deBroo»e,Bna stealing 
from the royal treasury and sending over to 
Llywelyn a gem that made the wearer in- 
viiiciblii. To audi nhifta were LiI^Tsadyn'e 
opponents now mduced. 

Therevolt of Ricbftr^l Marshal, o&rl of Pem- 
broke) [q.v.j, from ik-nry III gave Llyrcelyn 
ant!wexciiBu for hi&di?t)redat tuns. IId actively 
_ joined tliH hroflier ami siiccfs-^or nf his old foe 
in war against Ibe king. Ills fulioweriund 
VRssnIrtin South Wales had a Ifirpfihareiiitbe 
-fxpIuilM of tlici army with which liichnrd de- 
f«<ated Henry at Ciroamdnt, near Monmouth, 
in lx'33. Ai the same time Llywelyn him- 
aelf was for thn'e ninnthA en|j;n(f4xl iu Iho 
«o^ of the kiiif;'a cantlu aL Curitinrthen 
• (Brut ^ Tyuygoyioh). But a fleet mailed up 
the Towy and mined the mieffe, whereupon 
Llywelvnweut ha<;It (o Uih own country. In 
March 1234 a new truce wa»ft^^tln|^^d (jiuijal 
if f ?»•(■■, i.^i2fil, and thc-d'-ath of Earl Uichard 
in Inland >toon brointht iiljoui a rooro general 
-re«iatinn nf linstiliticp. In the Rnmn yenr 
Llywelyn rcleuaed hl# first born, Gruflydd, 
Irom hi* eix yenra" confiuement. 

Th<j active career of Llj-welyn wa» np- 
froacluDg ile close. In IJ^JtJ fear of him wa« 

still atrong enoufrl) to inducu Oillx-rl Marshal ' 
to restore a castle that he had taken from a 
Iwser Welsh chieftain {Unit y Tyvynoffion, 
p. n--*)), and Alexander, king of Scot?i. trusted 
to the aid of Llywelyn iu his attempt to 
acquire Northumoerland (Matt. Pabis, iii. 
37:i). In February 1:237 the Princes Joan 
died at Aber. In th& name ve-nr Llj'WKlyn 
mude hi^ iinal ^ubrais^lon to Ileury, prumi^ 
in^ to bo faithful tohim and to »crrc him in 
his wars (I'A. iii. 3M), Llywelyn, airendyan 
old man, was now ftuiltten witli partial [lara- 
lysig.and suffered eererely from the renewed 
hostility of liis unruly son, Omffydd. The 
Ktiglisli ft>arL>d that Llywolyn'a new xeai,^| 
fur their alliance mieht conceal some neif ^| 
treachery, but Llywelvn was nt last sincdn 
in his professions. lfi< grcjit dcsir# wa« tb 
Buciire the succL'si-iDn of jtavydd, bis son by 
Joan, to the whole of hia dominions ana 
I power. lie realised that the best way of 
lifcuriMg (his waa by inl)-r<.-sun^ King Ht-nry 
in his ni'phL>w'H wvlfurt*. Dut he did not 
neglect to conciliate the goodwill of hll 
own anhjpet.i». On I» Oct. Il'SS ho guthered 
toguthei" ftil the pririci'd and barons of Wales 
at tliG Ciatercian ahbi'y of Strata Florida in 
Ceredifrion {Brut t/ Tytn/t'xfion, p. 327). 
Therfl th4?y all swore oaths of fealty to 
Dftvydd ftfi his Kuccessor. A» tiruftydd atill 
n.-elett<d, Lu wsa deprived of all his lands but 
the cajitred of IJoyn. In his new-born re<" ' 
for p?acfl Jjlywelyn d'wivctl oni> of htfj 
ehii'ftaiua of bis hindf< for rauntering hia] 
brolhor. Davydd now bee am u thniueh hia] 
fathers infirmitie."! practical ruler of VValeSi 
and in Ty3H Boupht to promotw his own suo ■ 
cession by imprisoning his bnillitir at Crio- 
cietb. Llywelyn took upon liimseU' the habit 
of relij^on among (be CiMerciims or.\bei^ 
COD way. Tlierohedled on 11 April 1:JI(>, and.! 
lUero uewaBhiirit'd. 'I am nuworthy,' wrote^ 
the Latin aunalist of Wali^fi, * 1o narrate the 
mighty dveds of this second Achillea. Had 
rlominat^.'d his euomics with Rword andahield.1 
lio kept good peace fur the moukei, providinjfJ 
food and clothing to ihoae who madt) them-j 
eelvwj poor for Christ's eake. Hy his wars hn 
onlnrgi^l the boundarioA of his dominions. 
IIl- guvD giK>d justictj to all men, and at> 
tracti'd all men to hin nervice' (AnnaltM 
CainAritP, pp. 82-3). He wan certainly tli6 
gri-ntrnt 0* the native riilem of WaW, and 
the titlu uf 'Llvwulvn tliu Great' waa re- 
cognised in tbeomctHl documents of Kdward I 
{Mofntstkor3,v].200). If other Welsh kinjM 
were eniialh' warlike, thfl son of InrwerUi 
wasbyfartho nio^t jiolitic of ihom. He ovoa 
fteenis to have kept up some »ort of a stand- 
ing force of soldiers (SiBl'nB-V*i, Literature 
o/ the Kymry, p. 3^*7). While never for* 


getting his pu^itioa ks cbampion of the WcUh 
mea,M atal wiih cotwimnune xkM ilie<lit- 
fercnCM utd rivftlriM of tb« EaeliiiL. llv 
treati-d aa an equal with the EarU of I'cin- 
hmke an<lChc«ter,aod even with the king of 
SontA. irmler biiu thp rtwa, tongue, 
aud tnulitiooD bv^a a avw Itnuu of lifv. 

lilj^wrU-n WH celobnit<-(l for hi« liberalitjr 
(Oi&tLDi's C^iramEXSiA, Opera, iii. ^KXI>,(wpe- 
' cildlj to churchmeii. ire ^pvnted charters to 
tbeboBMof blick canotis at B«{ldge]»rt (Jlfim- 
tuliean, vi. 200). In his old ftge he founded 
the convent of Franciscan friais at Llanvaee 
in An^lefler, where hln wife Joan -ntt buriBii 

iib. n. 15^) ; Brut y Tuwy»o^<m, p. 327). 
lut hti chtel'chtirch worli was the estAbli»h- 
Bient of ihu famous CifitKrrian abbwy of 
Aberconwar. In a charter of oonfirmal ton, 
d&t«d the tenth ynx of bis principalitv, h« 
marlwoi out very carefully tho Hunts o\ rliw 
lafga eilatu with whii:h he endnwud thfl ' 
•bbey,and indic&t«d the extensive fronchisea , 
he at owe d on the monk.«. ATnonj^ th^ latter 
was the curiouH privilci^ ilmt the iDona»ttTy 
waa not aiuwenib)« for luoiievs borrowi'U 
'\n ih« monks anl««8 their borromn^ had 
tiiP consent of the abbot (Monattictm, vi. 
671-1). The lialfl p-nenUly given for ihe 
foiii>dntiou ia llt^, but this is too early for 
IJywvlyn to have hod much to do with it. i 
However, in Ihnt year the Ci^tereians of 
Strata ^1orilla in Con.'digi<^n M?em to liavi- , 
■ent out u daughter bouse to Uhedynog : 
Velen in Uwynedd (^lirut y Ttfuynoyion, p. 
S33). Thiii may have been taken iinditr the 
care and patnmni^e nf Llywi'lyn a fuw yi-urs 
later, tn 1200 tUu abK-y was in fidl workintf 
order('*i.p. "Jiw). Anf>tberpmof of Llywelyn'a 
xaal for the cburrh was bis early potrona^^ 
of Oiialdns Cawbr^nsi^ in \\\» eOorta tu make 
luBielf bUhop of St. Davids and abake nfl:' 
Ike allecuuice of the W^UIi churcli to Cun- 
tarbnirlOiutprs, Opt-ra, iii. li)7, LXM, 200, 

Llywelyn wa? an eqiwlly bountiful patron 
oftliftnaiivK liard*, who returned his fnvour 
by vannly singing his praLiea, and whose 
woric in kindling anew the spirit of WeUb 
oaUooalitv wa« made possible bv the vic- 
torimof t[icir hero. Cynddelw, v^o died in 
liOOfCeli^hrated IJywelyn's earlier virtories, 
Llywan-Jt ub Llywelyn, Davydd H«nvru», 
Einiawn ab (JwTWftwn. Einiawn ab GwalcU- 
mai, Kiniawn \San, Gwrgnwn, Klidvr Said, 
and Llrwelyn Vardd aildressed o^es ami 
other poems to bim.or ool<:<bralod his virtuus 
after hi» d^alh (J/vi-V'tb ArchaiohMftf of 
n'aU». pp. 17.*.. I8fi,':?10-17, •2l7-\9,'2-2h. 
2fl«, 23»-o. 240, 247, ed. 1S7(»). VAc^-s <m 
him were compo«ed by Ddvvdd Benvnus and 
Einiawn Wan (H. pp| 219, '233). 

Llywelyn's family plaj a oonsidcrable 
part in hii> history. Ilia auiiceaB in marni-ing 
ikem to English nubleM of the &ret rank at- 
tests both his social and political importance. 
Ilis eldest son, Oruffyda [see (jKcrFrnu Air 
LLSWHI.TN, rf. [21 11,' was bom of a Welsh 
concubine. By thu same ladv Llyu'elyn bad 
adaiifbter, who mnrricd William de Laevand 
played some small part in Iri.'^h bLitory ( knyal 
Lettfyii,i.WJ). Llywelyn's children by Joan 
include his son and succesaor. Darydd [bw 
Dattfd IIJ, and probobly Helen, who mar* 
ried John the i*<;»t, the last of the old line of 
the Rarlsnf CbeMer. Ilf*Ien was mispt-cled of 
having poisoned her husband (^Matt. Paris, 
Ilut. Major, iii. 31U). This was in 1237. 
Very soon aftorwnnls she mnrrird Hoben. da act which excited hiT father's indi(f- 
nation [DunttapteAnnaUt^.Wi), Llywelyn 
bud two uiher wlmt mot fierdoea 
not seem clear. One of tbesB, (iladys, railed 
Ddu or the Dark, married first Ucginald de 
llraose,bywhomahehadnncbildreni William 
do Bnt'isf, the object of Ijlywi-Iyn's jealousy, 
being IteeinaldV sim by anolher wife. After 
Reginalds death tn 1228. Ul&dys married 
Kaiph Mortimer, fifth lord of \N ignore, by 
whom she was the mother of Kog&r, th« 
sixth lonl [free MoHTlMElt, UoGElt, (i. 1282]. 
Through his marriage the bouseof Mortimer 
became after 12.S.t the legitimate representa- 
tives iif the old line of (Jwynedd. Gladya 
died inK'ol. Murgaret,tben>maining daugh- 
ter of Llywelyn, married first John de llraoee 
of Breraber, and after hitt death Waller d» 
Clillord (KlTOS, A'Aro/wAf/r, v, 147. lt;i. IftS; 
Itrut tf Tyuygoffion, p. 3t>4), Xo trust can 
be plaeed in the statement in llie romance of 
Fiilk Kitzwarinefq.T.] that aflerJoan'^doatb 
LlywL-lvn married Eva Kil/wurine fcf., how- 
ever, iSrros. viii. 87). The marriage con- 
nections of Ltywelyn's family with the great 
houses of the west and with bastard bmnchea 
uf the royal hou«e aro among the beat in- 
dications of hU power and importanoe. 

text i<>givtnin tlic newtdition of Rhnand J. G. 
l^iracn; AiiiudfM Canibri^v; Matthew Paris'sllis- 
toria Major. AebbIbs Honastici, Hoyal T^ttorn, 
FloreeHlHlotianm.Waltflrof CoT«otry,(>inMua 
CaDibrensiE. all in Rolls tJer.; Kymer'a l-'mUia, 
ReeorJ edition ; Dugibdo'it MonniiCicoa, ed, Ellis. 
OUcy.aDdBandinol: KyIon"sShr(ii«!ihir«; Jtyry- 
rinn Arrhnioktgv ; Stoph«n.t'i Lit«nitiire of the 
Kyrory.] T. F. T. 


I I2S2), prince of Wales.waalbe w?c«iiid ton of 
j Gruffyad ab Llywelyn ab lorwerth (<I. 1244 ) 
I ri|.v.]and liiswifeSi-nr-nAtMsTT, I'ARl!«,/fMf. 
[ Major, \. 7 It*), Llywelyn nb lorwerlh Iq. v.] 
I was hid grandfather. On hia father's death in 

IS-U, Llrwel'pi and hie brritlurs becama tbe 
of Wales, then niled by t beir uncle, DoYTdd ao 
LlvwelvnrsoolUvTDDllJ, Llywelyn nmUiU 
elder brotliar Owaiii (suruamed On-Bia ItocIi, 
tbul U Owaiu tbe lied ) do not appuar to have 
flhared with their yoiinper brothers. Utiorlri 
and UavvdrJ, tliy Kiijflitih prmnn, in wsortpiiiR 
from wh»r)i ibt-ir fatlier lost hb. lilt'. Hut in 
H&rch I246Llieir uucle Davydddied without 
iutiP. Pavydd had nlwriyslw^*nftiisppri*d from 
h»Kng!i>iIicLmiK'i.'tioii!*,inidvlie\VeUli nobles 
now joyfully tiirnt'd to Ui^i ni'phews nn full 
'^''liUlitui-Mliiitli on their lather's imd niuthere 
sid«, and tho nAtura] repreKf^ntatives of tbe 
patriotic tnidilion. Af^wr thy local ctirtnm, 
and hy tbf ndvice of the 'pfod lOBn,' Llyw- 
olyii und Owain now made an equal divUkm 
of thoirtorriTorlc*. IJiitthflKngiishsennsnbal 
of Cannarthen scixed this opporttiniiy to 
taki> po)tH(>Aaioii of the Eouthtirn dt-pundcndua 
of tlm priiuinality. then directly ruled by 
MoelirwTi Vyclian, who ilnd to (Iwynsdd and 
Hou)irtit the prnti-ctiou of (hi- two bnithi'i-s. 
This involved tliR im>sjK!i-t of hostiliti-js with 
Henry III, and on the w-neschiirs approach 
to Uogftiiwy. Owftin iind IJywelyn took to 
the hills. A rifoiiciiiation \vn>^, ImwBver, 
soon effected. Llywolyn and Uwain went 
to "Woodslock and performt-d liomaffe to 
Henry III, wherfiupon, on ;tO April 1247, 
Ui'nry signed a coiiVL'ntion in whti![i hu pur- 
doiied lliem their rebellion (Fn-dera.i- 2l>7). 
Tiw) tenna oxacied testify their weakness. 
All the lands lo the nast of tli« CnnwHv — 
including the four ciuitn-ds of Purvinldwlail 
— w^nt to the kine. The advances of tb« 
Toyal otBriala in the soulh were not checked, 
and Mae]gTft-n rx-ovort'*) only a fmRrnent r>f 
his formtrr lieritajce. Snowdun and AnRU'wy 
nloiic rBtnuiiifd to the sons of GrutTydd 
( It'of'e./tier ANnaU,-p.A^l. It was a virtual 
iindoiofrnf flie gretit work of I.lywelyii ah 
lorwerth. The prinrrs of Walta wlt« n^aiu 
contincd to th« luKhlaiids of Gw>iiedd. 

For the m'Xt few y^nrs th^re was peace 
upon the hiinli-n*. In I'ilH M«nrv atlnwi'd 
Owain luid IJywelyn to transfer tlie body of 
their futhor from the Tower to Aberconwny 
Abbey (Urttt y Tytey^offion, p. 3.^). Tiie 
princes of {^^vyn^■dd were too weak to he 
ablo to dollenrr much harm, and »otin quar- 
relled with eacti other. Mywelyn, Iboinrh 
the voungi-r, wqb certainly more able anil 
-em^r^Rtic than Owain, and etiowod aiiHi an , 
asc^-iidnicy as to proviike universal jealousy 
amonc the Walsh chieftains. Ownin wa,* 
thi' first to revolt, Imvinu now tht* Kupport of 
Ibe younger brother, navydd. In 1254 open 
■war broke out between LlyweJyn and hia 
Inothsn. A pitched battle wan fought at 

Iln-n Derwyn, w)ier», &iV^>r so hour's hard 
figbtinp, Llvwelyn iirevailcd. Owain GttA 
yng taken pri^ner.and renutned inmnfinA- 
tnt-nt until 1377. Davydd fled to Eiifrland, 
leaving Llywelyn sole ruler of (.iwyni-dd. 

Llywelyu dow aspired Co win back for 
himself the poeition which had been atiainad 
by MyweliTi ab lorwerth. Upon the de«tb 
of his vasAEiI, Maredudd, he tooK MtMrionydd 
into his own. haiidn. Such acts excited tba 
alarm of the pi«tty Welsh chieftains. Th* 
WuUli h'adL''rH in SfiuTb Wal(wbeffn& to fctr 
him. Gnilfyddabfiwentrv-nwyn [a. v.l,loid 
of Cy veilJoH or Upiii-r Powvb, aoii^ut protae- 
tion from him by ullyinfT bim»el7 with the 
Krijflii^h. But moru formidable to Llywelyn'a 
power was thi! new departure which took 
placeattheEntflishcourl. lu I^M Henry til 
jl^-anted his limbora §on, Kdward, ou ia$ 
iiinirijyre, thw eurldom uf Clieatflr and all the 
lands held by the crown in Walea. Thi.-* in- 
cluded not only thw four canlrada of Per- 
vi^ddwlad, but nUo t:!io«e aouthprn districts 
bi^lwtxni thi' HovL'V and Carmarthen Bay in 
which, Bitice the timed of Llvwelyn nb lor- 
werth, tbe rule of the lordno^GwyneJd bad 
(ron*^ on side by side witli that of the lord*- 
nmrcIiL^rs and thi^ royal ofTtciaU. Tlie bailiiA 
of the younjr tarl at once winhed to show hta 
power. Tu \'2of* thev made a survey of the 
land)« and ra-ttlps in t^wyni'dd, nitninfi^ ^PP^ 
rcnlly al tlm subjaclion of the four rantn>d8 
to the juri»<diction of ihti pnlatinci ntkthnritiea 
at Chester. In 1256 the viok-nt Oeoffiwy of 
ljinftl<rF, l'>lward'9 u^cnt in the south, ACro\'« 
to set up a Hbira syslem with KnfcliHh livwaat 
the espt*nse of Welsh loral em^loni^ (/>Nn- 
tfapff Annatt. p. 200; jMatt. Pakis, 7/i'jr(f. 
Ma}nr,\. (US). This r('*nlt«1 in the first 
faint iR'ginningaof tbe cuuntieeof Carman hen 
and Cardif^an. 

Iioud complainre at once arora amonj; tbe 
WeUlirt'imnl-i, who had acct-pl-jd unwitlinffly 
the rulu of KuKliiih lord?, and, disrepirdinjf 
theproirered mediation of lliclutrd of Cora- 
wall (M*tt. Paris, T. 1513), Llywelyn at once 
pliampioni'd Ihpir priwvancpM, In 125(1 he 
invaded IVrveddwlad, fi|)readinK deifiolation 
to the gates of Ch^iier { Iieratoinf*iftt Annah, 
p. JB!). Within n. w«i>k h* liml »ulx)u«d 
l!io whoki district eiwot the caxtlvs of 
l)ej.'unwy and Diserth. Ila nest marnhwl 
south to LUnbadaravawr, tbe nortlienx 
."trnnffhold of the new county of Cardigan. 
Tiiere he Iwldly granted to bis vns»nl, Marn- 
diidd ab Owain fq. v. 1, that pari, of Cen'diijion 
wljich Iwlonsed to Edwura, and the dij^trict 
of Huilth, which was bidd hy the Morti- 
vaitn^Iimt 1/ Tvwi/Mffion, r, ,*ll,H), He (hen 
dnne bis cousin. Rojwr Mortimer, ont of 
GwrthrynioD, and, oarlj in ll'67, expttUad 

Llywelyn ts 

GraSydd ab Gwenw^niwyn rrom Powyi*, 
' ' Uw Un«r to uUke tvfuifi? in Eu);laiiil, 
tlie L'EfttnDgMi and other border 
ihtd ftlrMdj come t/t his help. Mean- 
wlul« a wvere Ktru^lo hnd b»>n proceeding 
in ths south, »nd in I^at 12')7 Llrwelpi 
marelied into r)Ah«ub«rth (South AVnlus) to 
belp his Atrugi^inf allii^ iherf. He spi-iit 
MMt of Lent OB thu burdDrv <jf tlie Itnslol 
Channel, burning thi< Isnds a( tkv 'Eai^\is\\ 
lords o( Kidw«Uy,(!ow«r,and SwaDih>a, and 
TCturaing before KajtitT Indian with booty to 
the north, nttisT pithitr subduing alt thi->outL 
I WeUfa or l)«ing arxvpted voluntarily as a de- 
flirenr. But oo hi*i doparture Rom? of tlic 
I liVellh again joined the Kni;liiih, and the 
MirposelBHstnfora^rttd'aa buiora. Sti^en 
Bmtan^ Edward's deputv, wae slaio in b«ttle. 
All tba plan* of E<lward, whoM' father 
Ind been unable cr unwilling to sond bitn 
bflp, wirv abaltt-rvd b^itb in the ca^t and 
BortbbYLlywelrn's activity. In Mareh l^S? 
XjTwclVn enteml into ■ Icaguy with the 
B<^lMor Soollnnd againf^t Heurv (/Wertr, 
L 370). At Itutt, in the i<tiinin>rr of that year,. 
Henry himself sworn jxini^d Edward in a 
formal exp^ition to rCorth Wules, rvmain- 
ii^ in ihv country from I Aug. to 8 Sept. 

T. 680, MS, MS), and only advaneiDg as far | 
BS DafpmwT orOanaock. Up never croMed 
tbe Conway, and ibereTore did not in f^ect 
inrade Llywelyn'a dominions at all. IlenTT 
]ii^w*d at Deganwy. hoping for tlie arrival 
of a largv force of In^^h light infantry-, 
'without whose isuppnrt it would have been 
hopeleaa for the Knglish moii-at-urms to 
pmetiat* the tracklf«« wildemesa of Snow- 
OOB. But the In^i never came, and Henry, 
after MfvnKthoning itie ea«tles, returned to 
F^ngland, leavinfl the open country again the 
prey of Llywelyn's assaults. Llywelyn 
elnaely followad up the n^lrent of the king, 
cutting off BtragHleri' (id. v. 051). Xext 
year tbe Itaroo!* i-'iuld not be persuaded to 
ut»(ieiUke a »"Cond campaign. In June 
VJW a tniw for one yeiir wim signed, rv- 
eerring fur Ilt-ury the right of co m mu n ica- 
ti<m with Diaeitfa atkd I>eganwy, and prac- 
lirallyabaadoninfPerveddwUd to Llywelyn 
(Furderei, t. 372). But almost immediattflr 
eomplainta arunof its viulaliou (it. i. 374, 
377). The border einipgie continued. IJyw- 
elyn still bad to contend again^ rival Wol^h 
ins and hnntile marrher Inrdf , thouifh 
ware already marvelling liow, dc«pite 
it animosities of north and »outh 
IJywelyn managed to briuii the 
together under hin sway (Mi.n. 
Tun, r. £lfi>. Mat t hen- Paris himself con- 
tbe treachery of the marchers (lA. v. 


71 7), and eomm«nd« the vigour, courage, and 
petriotism of the Welsh prince. In 1:^58 a 
iMKly of Welsh lord<) had bound lhem»elTe« 
by oath to uphold Llywelyn. Knt one of 
them, .Moredudd ab Ithys, M>on went against 
btDL AccordinglT, at Whitsuntide l^*)!) 
Llywelyn, with ide advice of his noblet, 
condemned )Iare<ludd ah Khya for treamnf 
and iuigirisoned him until Chrietmu^ nt Cric- 
cieth, when lie wa« releaw>d on leaving hia 
son a liostaafe and putting big stronghold of 
liinerwr. the trailitional rapital of the Routh 
Welsh kings, into the hnnds of t}it> lord {if 
fJwynedd. At Michaelmaa, Llywelyn sent 
till- Bishop of Bang<tr to Knglnnd on a rain 
Btl«mnt to make pt'are with the king) Flnrts 
Ifis/. li. 436). In January I:.'(t0 Llywelyn 
overran tbe region round about Btiilth, and 
thence marrhra on a fruiilem raid into tlie 
Kotith, reaehing a-i far tm Tenby. Ijitex on 
ho took Builth Caslk> from Roger .Mi^rlimor, 
owi og io the treachery of some 0? the garrison. 
()n 30 July Mortimer was acquitted hy the 
king of any blame in the mailer ( I-'aifmt, i. 
:^). After the dL»pute of king and banma 
had been settled by ttie I'rovisions of Oxford, 
sTimmon«cs were issued on 1 Aug. for th« 
feudal levies to uwmbla at Shrew^biiTy 
and Chester to fight againet Llywelyn (lA. 
i. 3ll8-!t); while Arebbiiliop Boniface of 
Osnlerbury threnteniMl Llj-welyn with «- 
eommunieatinn if he did tmt make nwlitu- 
tion fur the lands be had eonauered. But 
there was no solid result from thew renewed 
threats. In .August l:?t!0 the divided Eng- 
lish government corwnled to the renewal of 
tbe truce for two years. Llywelvn claimed 
under its provisions the right of carrying on 
war against alt the marcliers who n-fiuM-d to 
accept it* cnnditionK, wilhoiil incurring the 
blame of violating h.U agreement with tlie 
king (Annates Gimiriie, p. 99), 

.'Vfter two years of comparative quiet the 
dinntitHfl were renewed early in 1202 f /fjrferti, 
i. 414, 4l>0). In J ulv thew was a runifiur in 
' England thai LlyweVn woHdead.and Henry 
Bummonef] an army to meet at .Shr.-w»i)nty 
I (I'A. i. 120). In }iu^ ember noiue Welsh sub- 
I jects of Roger Mortimer in >[eWnydd nwe in 
I revolt, and called upon Llywelyn to protect 
them from tlie new caatle of Ce>-nllrs, which 
' tbt^ir Eugliah lord was huildingwilhin their 
I borders. IJywelvn came with an army,cap- 
ture^J revnl)\-i^,BleddTB,andCnwclasn?ttea, 
and receivedthehomagraofthemenorMelen- 
ytiA(Annair* OtmAn'«,p.lfiOi Brut y Ti/try 
»e^i<m, p. 34H ; n*rrej»fei- AnnaU. p. A\l), 
Tbence ne marched intu the lordsliip of Bre- 
con, where aUui he took oallui of feiiliv from 
the Welsh pari of th" population. Satisfied 
with this grealextvoaiou of his pov^-vr, be r»- 

tunwd to Gwjnedd. But bis attack on the 
Uoitimcrs reopeneil hcMtilities all along tiie 
marcliw. Mun.-u^'^ Mortitnerit aiKlnuwt 
of the marchers were hot piuti»AiL8 of th« king 
•giinut tho bazDns, anu Llywelrn coiuw- 
(^uvntlj tlirfw himaelf on the baranial side. 
Ab Ltii! sou of lorwerth liad ai J^tl the baroiu 
ia the stnigglo for .Mftijna Carta, so now 
<lid the son of ClmfrTdtl Join haiida with 
Simon ie Montfnrt in hu stru^^rla with 
Hear3r HI. Furthi'rraorp, Kdward, who 
since l-^Und ln^-n llii'flr^t »f thomnrohera, 
WEA Tinw tho inaimtiiy of hi» fathar's cause, 
aud Llywelynwiu) thus again in opeaeamity 
to ihv future kiug of England. 

Llywpljn** atlAck on the ilortimfiTa had 
exc^itedKenfralcDUHtumalion. Eaflyinl^OS 
IVtcr of Aipij'pWftnchH, tliii Savoyard bUhop 
of Itiiroford, wrote urgently to King' H«iry 
pretwing for immediate aaniatnnre ( Ftrdtra, 
1. 42:i). Ilenrr wrote with vcjual p(^r«it^tuiica 
to his son. bidding him roCiirn to Kngland 
and march against the Welnli (i4.) By Apnl 
Bdward was nt Shrpwsbury, prppnnng for 
an e]n)editio'n (I'A. 1. 42I>). Dut civil war had 
alraa^ broken out between king and barons, 
and Edward liad no iL-isure to CHstigntB 
Llywelyn, I.Iywi^lyn rundilv aumiruHsed a 
fresli n-volt of his brothvr fjjirydd [a. v.], 
who was soon forced to !!(:■« to Knglimil, and 
be gaiue<t a new ally in \^iv nJd foe, (trutfydd 
ab Gwenwyuwyn, who did homai^e to him, 
and Nought wilb hJa lonl'n hflp lo drivu 
the English out of bis old territories tn 
Powys. Thf r!f>si> allianca with Montfort of 
Gilbert of Clan? {VIVA \•*&h^ [n. v.], llm uew 
earl of (ilnuci-wter, and lord of the Gtaiuor- 
gan palatinate, gave Llywi^lyn a powerful 
and unwonted eupnort. He waa tlierHfore 
able to take tlie oBori»ive fi^'ainsl. Edward 
with groHt effect. He aguia overran the 
four cuutreda of PerveduwUd, l^rly in 
August he took the caatle of Discrtb, near 
Rhyl. On 29 St-pt. Hie fnniiinj-ftlriekeii gar- 
riaon of Dognnwv BurrenJered lo Llywelyn 
tiiH tCrotigesl nii<l most famous of the Krg- 
linh fortresBes in Xnrth Wales {Annates 
Cambria, p. 101 ; ItislUKOKR, p. HO; /Vww 
nift. ii. 4631. Meanwhile Oruffydd ab 
Owenwynwyn dealroytd t he ciwt Ir ofi Jwydd- 
grtig. Other allies nf LlywHyn tiM>k the 
castle of Itndnnr. EdwarJ, wlio could hold 
with diflicully the border fortresa of liny, 
was forced to mulie n truee ( WiKEJf, p, 1H3). 
In Sfpt.'mbf'r Henry ai^eeptt'd ihi? truee, 
though it did not fur a inometit check the 
Tictonoua advance of Llywelyn (^Ftrdera, i. 

Early in 12ft-l tht- decinive etrugplo of 
the barons began. In I'V'broiiry (lenry ' 
•ought, by cutting down the brijges orcr the \ 


Severn, to prevent a junciion between Mont- 
fort and Llvwidvn (K|:iiont. Simon de 3foHi- M 
f»Tt, p. 209, from Close Itolls). On 14 Mayil 
Henry wan defeated and lakm prisoner hy " 
Llywelyn "s allies at I.owe*. The effect was 
immeiliale. 'That year,' says the W«Uli 
chronicK-r (p. 353 ), ' the WebUi enjoyed peMO 
from the English, Llywelyn, son of Orum-dd, 
being prince of all Wales/ lu December 
the loruA of the marches row in revolt againsc 
Montfort'a ^vt>mmenl, but the earl easily 
cnL^hcd tbtvir rebellion with the aid of Llyw- 
elyn. In this campaign Simon ravaged'tba 
landft of Itoger Mortimer, pi-n«trating aa far 
ae Aloutcomerv- In March Montfort received 
the earldom of acquit^it ion which 
made his connt>ction with Llywelyn doubly 
important. But on "JH May 126.'! the esmpc 
of Edward, and Lis alHance with the Karl of 
(ilouresrer, now an open pnemy of Simon, r^ 
ne»-vd [he civil war. I-Mwan)and Olonccstcr 
held the left bank of the Si'M-m, and etrova 
to prevent Montfort. who waa at Ilerefnni 
wirii the capiive kiug, from croning the river, 
to carry on thi> war in England. AH de- 
pended uDon Llywtflyii's ctMrooration. On 
3t! .luns the putijtet ^ng was forced to aigii 
n ennvenlion winch, by n-storing to Llyw- J 
elyn large territoriea, ineluding^laud'scrwl le, | 
Hiiwarden^ Kllesmere, and Montgomerv, and 
granting him the ' rnnpi]ia!ity,' witli tho, 
IiomiiB"^ of all the Wel-ih magnates, wa* lo 
bind him sHll more elooctyio the eause of 
Leicester {^(F'/eiYJ. i. 407 ; Wacerlry Ann/iU, 
p. :it{3 ; Vhromi'h >./ HattU AUry. in Hi- 
MOST, p, .'J7B ). It wua probnbly at this tima 
that the plan of a mnrriiigp b^t ween wt'lvn 
and Eleanor, daughter of Simou du Mont- 
fort. and nii^ce of the king, was first broached 
(cf, TiiiVET, p. 2114). Llywelyn onco nior« 
Hurvad dutoolariiin amidst the marohes. But 
MoDTfort, on managing to crow tbo Sci'emi 
nhifted fhe cnnipnign from Wales, and oa 
3 Aug. l^Oi'j ho wiiA idain at Evesham. 

The reuinnnlii of th« baronial party, the 
* diftinhorited." who irliEl htlJ out against 
Henry and hif4soii,nTid soon sank into a little 
band of bold dtvpvrudaot;, were congenial 
allies to Llywelyn, wlio now renewecT with 
the younger 8imouth«cloMcouiitK:t ion that 
bp na*l formicd with his father ( Roiyv**er 
Anitalr, p. 4t'li). \n SHplemher Llywelyn 
made so destnjpcivp an inmnd into Cbfdhiro 
that the great council at Wiiichoster, where 
the viclortoua party wn^ mnturineit^ schemo 
of vt'ngetince, was postponed for a month 
t Wni^rlet/ AnnnU, p. 3lJo>, Ilenrv now sent 
Maurice r'itngemld and llnmon L'Estrango 
[bh^" undnr Li; Stkanuk, .IiiiiNJ to act against 
Llywidyn, while Piipo Cloment IV wamt'd 
the Welsh prince of the perils incurred by 




kifl toul if ha did not Koounce liia alHaBce 
witb tbe e'Xeoni<iiimi«it«d sonaof Simon, and 
furrpndcr his UL'wiy won r-ostlm to ^^lwan), 
wbn hail btwn resU>ml to hii earldom ofChiw 
ter (i^i»(ifm, i. 4til>. But Idr^elyn ch«wd 
ftwmv Fitxgerald and l^'Estrtingf, and paid no 
boM to tlie pupal tliniat>«, thouf^h in iHtoeiil- 
ber he obtainea Mfa-oonducts (or Lis am bos- 
■tdonsent to mMl tbe ^pal lo^ttc, and ngnia 
no yotiatgd fotKtnw»(ift. i. 4(H;-7). But with 
U10 minvndor of Kenitwortli a)nioe*t tho ln«t 
liopas of thu Moatfort purty t-xplrcd. Y«t 
tlM bad terms offered by the victor* itlicnatod 
OOfaot trf GlaucHSttir fmm ihp king, and 
Uywelyn joined, in April I2ti7. Iiixoldeni-uy 
Uw £an of Oloucester iu lit» elTorle to obtain 
batter lerma for tlie ' disinh>'rit*'d ' (Urut y 
7)fwjiaofiim,-p.35o). liut in JiinuGlmicetiter 
•iibmitt«Hl,aiid thK«xt«iuiinn tu liii>il«rendiTa 
of Ely of the terms of Kmiiln-orth broucht 
thn war in Kngjland to a conclusion, 'rho 
paual U>t;atp,Ottobua,hBd loo^f beenstririnff 
to include Llywelyn iit the g«uerml pacLSca- 
tion- In the lat<* Bumnier Cttiobon weal 
'triih the king 10 the Welsh iruin.'lit«^, aud 
OB '2l Strpt. he rucoivi>'l frotn llcary a com- 
miasion to make a truce with Llywelm 
on bia own terms (Frrdera, i. 47^'). Ua 
pcmuded U^elvn to anv^it iha libeml 
•oadttiOBa which de ufTrrrKl hiin. <>n Sim- 
dar, M Sept., wu signed al ^hrewsbunr tbe 
6rst formal tf^atj of pearc that Iiad b(«on 
amn^ixl fur many yiuirs bi'twoen Waltw 
and King llciirj- iih. i. 474 1. Hy the treaty 
of ShrewsbuiT Uenry formallr irranted to 
Llyweljn the Mune terms nH-^rpd to him hy 
LneeMer in 1305. The |)rini>ipuliiy of WoIm 
W*M to be beld by bim 'jn c<Jiidition of hom- 
■ce 10 th<? crown. But Lh-wclyn wjia bim- 
flSf authoriaed to receivu tlie honiojp' of all 
tbe 'WeUh bnmn>>' ^^ave .Mnnxludd iib 
Itfar*>,«> lliBt, i-xct-pl in I be march land;, be 
btHMtni; th«> immi-dinif lord of nearly all 
Waba, thus rtfaeia}; tho old distineiion of 
nortb and aoutb. Tlie limits of thu priiicl- ' 
palitr yrtrv liberally defined, and in parti- 
nilar th-" four rnntrvd*, nhout which ihpre 
bad hui-n fo much ti^hliatf, were dit^w«-nxl 
from Kdward'n HArUlom of Cliei^rfr ntid rn- 
atotvd to the Prinojof \Valf». An indemnity 
nf twenty-four ihnoMnd marlcA. payable by 
in9lalmi.-nt«.wa6impoBedonLlyweIvn. More» 
' over Havydd, a roy&list pnrtisaii afl thnntirh 
[tbe bannis* war?, Vu fully restored to liia 
~ i paaseasinnA. The who]'.' nfrrwment waa 
lised by psp*l nulhonty, and was ri);htly 
Batdned a great triumph for Llywelyn 
I (Srmt y T^xymfffon, p. :f)7 ). On tlio Mme ' 
[9& Se|^ IJywflyn r-Ti-ivi-d a «iff.iMnducl 
'lO DMSt tli< kin^' »t Montgomery- {Firtitra, ' 

VOL. xxur. 

bury. On 29 Sept.. at Montgomery, Llyw- 
elyn formally ratilied the trt^aty and w-r- 
fornied homage to Henry for the princiuaiiiy 
{Of. i. 474). 

Dnritig tbe rest of tbe reign of Henry 1 11, 
the only agnvaaion of Llywelyn noticed by 
the cbranirJen was bis atlnr-b on Oat'Tphilly 
Ca«tle in October 1270 i^Dntt y Tyuynoyhn, 
p. 350), Thia was th« ivsult of a new dis- 
pute between bim and tbe t^irl of Uluuc«eler 
(' llintory of Caerphilly Caalle ' in Arcbao- 
I'jtfia Cam&rettsi4, new Ber. i. 2S&--90). In 
coDMqueDce of tnis and auoilar act«, various 
commission!! were uppointed to nef^Hiate for 
tbeiuaiatenanceof llio peace (^//w/cn'i.i. 47H, 
4dC). But during tlm imwonted period of 
repoae t'Mward revived bis old plan for mak* 
ing Cardigan and Carmarthen «liiro-ground 
{Deputy-Kteper I Thirty-firtt litpurt, p. 1 1 ; 
Carmarthen CAarter*. p. 47 ; liotuiin II allia, 
8 Kdw. 1, p. IS; the * UVl«h Shin-a' in 
y C^mmrvdor, vol. ix. pt. ii. p. 'J\'U), and 
Llywelm quietly wailed an oppurtunily for 

In Novt^mber l272nRnry Til died, and on 
20 Not. Edward I was proclaimMl his buo- 
ceMor. Tbe absence 01 the new king on 
craaadegaveidywelynliiB opportunity. On 
JU Nov. tbe regents attpoiuted a comuiiKsiim 
to receive tlieoatb of realty due hy LK welyn 
to the new monarch [Fad*ra, i. 4&'S). On 
the lame dav IJywelyn waa cit'^d to perform 
bomage, antl on 'd IVc. wa« wnrpied ihut a 
frudi instalment of bis debt to the crown 
was payable at Cbristmaa. But Llywelvn 
made DO Mgn. Early in 127^ the commW 
aionera ivport'^t hitt cHilemul with dismay 
{H, L499). la tb>* summer LlywelyubuMed 
bims«lf, despite the regents* remonstrance. 
with building a Rn>at castle near thai niyal 
KtpjnglioUl of Mnnlj.'iimer%-. In SiipU'niiwr 
be wrote to the rt^tntv infurming tli-.-m that 
he was uncertain whcrliL-r hrr should attend 
the coronation of the new king. Meanwhile 
till! cbmnii'^ border troubles aKHiinie<l thf di- 
men«ioDJ> of a «erion; violation of tbe tnice, 
and in April 1274 the rcf^t^nts summoned a 
meeting at Montjromery to settle various 
prndin<> dif^putrj* (lA. i.olOi, Hut Llywdvu 
refused satisfaction.^At licobiaiued 
from Gregory X an order that h>e nhould not 
be cited anywhere outside of Wale,». Ho 
ttlilt neglected to perform hi.* bonmffe, and 
actively nogotiAled -with the ru£aiuy ions 
of i^imonde Mont fort, now nut on'oua through- 
out. Christendom for the brutal murder of 
Tlenry of Cornwall, or of Almaine [i[. v.], at 
Vilerbo. It wa» armnged that he abould 
marn.' their st»trr,Kh'anorde Mont fort {.inn. 
Dunafap/e, f. '2Gtt; Ann. H'orces/er, p. 470), 
and thus cnjry out a loagHiLehsbed plan of 




Earl Simon fBfiiiostT, Sinion de Mm(fhrt, 
p.'JA(t). Thi-w can beno doubt tlintI.Uwi'lyii 
tlnis h(]|jt'd U) rwvive lli*> Mouifort party and 
policy, and fo to provitlc Ivlvitrd with an 
oiipoflitidneoriousciionifli ill home rojjiTf liim 
tin leiaure to deal willi ihu rrinc«of Wb1««., 
At tin' mvat^ tim« Lh*welyn soajrhr to 
stnetiyrhfn hU poftitinn in the iirinchwility 
liy the Mthju^nliOTt or thi* ejocUcii of rival 
lUid over-puwt<rful eliiuf^uins. In ihc* »priuK 
of 127-1 hp attacked (imtTvdd ub {rwisnwyn- 
wyri, u[)hmidinir liiiii in h pi-rsonal inlur- 
vifw r«r lii« tUvii'il nml I ri'iu'hery, and takini; 
from him Arwystli and ihuse parts <.'( Cyvei- 
llog l>eyoiid tliv Dovot. iloroorcr. he* tnok 
Ownili, (frnflydd's rUWt son, 5s a Imstnyo 
iiilo llwyiuHld. Ho (iLso quaniJlod aiH'"- 
witli Ilia br-jthtT Duvydd, who no*' or u 
Tflsr later formi^d 11 plot against him -.'■•■ 
UrivxiHi III and Okufpydd All Owi;n\v i.v- 

Edward I caire back to Knglimd on 2 Atia;. 
1374, Llywrh-n Hid not appitar at his cnm- 
nation on I'J Aug, Act'orditiply, in Novt-mlwr 
a ponrinptory mandalp wan iMned siiiniiion- 
iug him to perform h'la lon}i:-<l'-laycd hom- 
aiifi' lit ahrnwaljury, arid pay tn t.hii king thfl 
fi\ llittuaajid murks nhicli lie owed liiin 
{Fir'hia, i. 518, olf), hni tb» royn! f>nli>r 
prodiicwl no ctl'pct. About ibi' buidli liini' 
LlywL'lvii cunnpleti'd tho dt^grndat ian of 
(Iriifryiifi nb (Jwenwyiiwyn. wlioeu wboli; 
tttrriuiry he subdued with little opposition, 
firoiriR (irnffydd to takf^ n'fii^a in Knglund 
{Bntt y Ttftftftrnjiinty p.ilHI ),wliitber Davyild 
tlftd srion aflt'rwar(!(i. In Vllh thi- war nx- 
twnded 10 South WaU's, wh*>r^ 1-lywelyti'* 
follower* from the vale of Towy foii^'bt 
flpreely nEuinHl \\\v- itiL-n of Kidwelly, the 
l^nntitA of Earl Kdmitud of I-ancaster {An- 
■nalr* Cumf/na, p. lOi). Opi-n war wa« now 
wapi'd all nlonff tlif mandu-s, in tht eoiirae 
of which l.lywidyii** tnwpn giunod aevc-ral 
silfiiM-snes. DisgilBledQl Llyvridyu'sohstinBCy, 
Edwart! I w^nt early in SipK-mber to Che-«t<'r, 
whence he inaiied on lU Sept. 11. fruali eum- 
tootiitlo (he Welsh ])riiine tiijwrfimn homage 
and fealty (.Ftrdfr<T, \.6'2f<}. Uyweiyn tliMe- 
iipom gaihered fopi'thcr a great meeting of 
1.h(! Wnlah cliioftaiiis. Ily th« ' cwncral con* 
sent. ' nf all the ^ barons of WaleM,' il wan 
asreed that Llywelyn nhoidd nut potoihe 
kini;, be«attHe he liarlmnreil the priiice'-n fiiifi- 
tivm, namely, Davyild nuJ GrulTydd ah 
Gwenwyuwyn (Brut i/ Tuu'y*iw/>'m, p, Sft)). 
Moreover, Llywelyn pli^ndiul tlie fute of his 
fiithers as a proof that his pi^rson would ha in 
danrer wen' lue I0 obey the Hnmmoiui of hisi 
ovcnord ( !{''";■>•(■*?*•»■ AnnnU. p. 4(1H). 'On 
thai account the kitifi relumed tn En^flutul 
ill anger, and Uywelyn returned to WoIbb.' 

About tlw end of 137G Llywelyn** mar- 
riage i)«f[otinlionB were cnnnliided, and 
Amanry de Muntfnrt. an ecoleaiawtie, am] 
tJip leiwt rioleur of th« sons of l-jirl Btmon, 
bad Kailed from Kranct^ to brin^ hi« «i<«l«r 
Kleanor to her desljiied hushnnd. Itut four 
Bristol ^Uipswere ordered to intercept them, 
and just b«»fom di,ri»tma« Kdward tniw aiws 
ceedod in cjipturini; otf the Scilly Ulanda 
the two veiisela Milb Amanry and Eleanor 
on board {Arm. Oauey, and Wvk E«. pp. 266 -*>. 
Amaiiry wa» iiiiprinoned al ('orfe, while 
Eli'jiiior wiif^ (rnt 10 WindMjr. mid detniood 
in honoumbte coultueiub>nl at the <MPurt of 
her aunt, the qneen {'Okiihx, Pri'iicr*xe» cf 
J-h'fliind, U. \m). I.I>'weI>'n nffiTed larpe 
; iJiii> nf money to the Uin^ for the relea>ie of 
III- prumufod bride, but deelined Edward's 
i<miB, compriitinf; uncondiiional homa^ 
iliB reHtoratinn of the hmdH which lie luuj 
iif<iir|)('d, and Ihe rehiiikttnp of the caalln 
which he had deatroved ( tVaverlftf AmuUs, 
p. .If^). 

]n thi- autumn of 1270 Kdn-anl formaUy 
declared wa.r ajiaiuBt his recalcitrant vbshU 
{Fa-dfr<j. i, &35-*Si. In November, Roger 
Mnrtiumr wn.'4 appointed the kiiii-'s captain 
ag;ain&]. tli» \Vclidi(/&, i.r}lt7},and in Decem- 
ber itummonseB were ittsued to the niilitarr' 
tenants of the rrown to mftf>t at Worcester 
hy ]i]i<i.''um»ier 1277 to fight apiinst the 
Welsh ( ii. i. ii^). Llywelyn rnntmned ^ime 
show of nej^tiatioRi, obtaimnK in January 
1277 flnf^coni]nrt.j« for fn^sh inefisenpor* to 
tmat with the Itiiifr {ili. i. o41). Meanwhile 
I.lywulyn left no bNiob nnlnmed. He wraHc 
in tliepiipe complaining of the imprisontnent 
nf liis orido. and denoiincJnir t he ii(jrjiresaion» 
of the Kn^'linh (Atlil. ,WA'. I't'-lKi, (juoled in 
I'Apr.t, GefcAicfitr tvn £7iffiatid, Iv. 21 1. But 
the church was not on lus side. In February 
the Arrlibishnp ofOanterbiirv issued formal 
orders for hit* excfmiinunicniioii ( /■Jc/Z'-jv/, i, 
Ij41). Meanwhile Edward divided t bo Widah 
forces in Sonlh Wales by a trt-aty of peAce 
with Uhys nh Mfirediuld {ih. i, .'»I2). rmm 
Epipliniiy-lido till Wlillisunl idea Mronp KiiK- 
li«h force kept Ll>'^'elyn in check until the 
Hafe arranjTed for the preat tnvnsion. Hooti 
after Easter Edwartl left Ixindon. Bv mov- 
ing tlieexc,he(|ner and kinf;'s blanch tnSJiH'W*- 
bury he showed that he projected along' and 
determined eampriiini. 

Earlv in August 1277 the great Welsh in- 
vasion 'began. Three formidaole armies wen 
poured over the frontier. Edward hlmaetf 
mnrc1ie<1 at the bend of the northern army, 
whoso stnrting' point watt Chester, Ilawdd, 
fheprince'ibrolher.'lervineaTuongite lenders. 
Mure to the south. Henry del jaey, eorlof Lin- 
'coln, operated from tjhriowttburyttiidMouC^o- 







.jit^rr. IncoDQ«ction witbthulbrceOniflVdd 
[«b OweiiwvawjTi *tp)vf to win back Cyrei- 
' lioff, iiml KnffHT Mortimer Mm^'ht u> reeiuru 
I iiiftnilroviT Itiiillli. Still furltiiT southward 
I Earl of ]It'r(;r(/rd bu^ic^ biiii«eir with the 
i*jU*>ir .-if Brcchcintod. The third nnnv 
[ht in South \Viile<; umW thu bnoaor of 
Etliniitidof ijuicfrMfr. Llj-wfljmhadnoforCi' 
with which hfl could withstand k> ov4>r- 
whelniing a power. He ubandorus) Si^uth 
Wsle^i in df8|iair, leavinK thy nnlivc diii'f- 
tain» lo make wlint terms they could with 
the Karl of Lancaster. Jiut he atrove. bjr 
■ <l.i«^ly watching' the royal adToruw, and by 
avaiUng himn^IJ' uf hia minutu knowledge of 
the coiiutn, iraveroed, to diri<le, starve out, 
or di^hoarien th-? inradere. A yreat wood 
ofTKrvd a formidable olmlaclf* To thf. king's 
' Advance, but t-Iitward onliin-d a bniad rond 
lo be cut tbroufib it, and successfully elutied 
the tbr^jvt<incd ambush of l.lywelyn. Meon- 
■wJiili- the lli^t of t lie t'iiKiue porta coasted 
■Ion;; ibi? (•hun-, and liiially. liy occujiyin^ thti 
Menai 8trait«, cut offAnglp*ey frotn -Snow- 

I«JoTi ( Ditn-tfipU AnnirU, p. U75 ). 
Hy time I'Vlwnrd bad crotwed the Con- 
way, and army and tb.'ut alike combined to 
block lip the Welfh in tho mountaitis of 
Knowdon, and cut ih>'m olT fnun all provisions 
nr pueaiblu succour. The di'Mruct ion of the 
com crope in Am^Wscy facilitated this l-aak. 
Yet for a time Uywclyn bald out, while 
|->lwartl si-cuivd liiii n'treat by biiilding new 
cA-ttli'at ami n^hiiiliiin^ tlw* ohl'slruuelioliiaor 
ihedistrict betn-wii tlK<CoiiwayandChi:»t«r. 
The kinffttarmysuH'orwl some losses, but con- 

ItinufHl dopywily in its poKitinns until the 
Approach of n'int<?r, though not venturing lo 
hunt out Llyweiyn from his lairs, At Lut, 
in Niiveinb^T, lark of foM forced the Welsh 
|triiw« to o>me down frrni the hilla and ac- 
cept the tvrnu im|iOiu-il by his suzerain. 
( >n Nov. Uywelyn signed tho treaty of 
fjimway, which on 10 Nov. was ratiGed by 
tliukic^at iEhuddbn (J^<r^f/-a, i.olfi-^; the 
I"'fen<!h text is inven In lliw (Untv Chronicle, 

I pp. 'J''J—l, under the (i«t.> 11 tiov.) hj it 
iJywelyn flurn'ndvre<] all his prisoners, iii- 
cludini,' hii' hntther, Dwain Goi-n, hin captive 
aine^ \'2'yi. lie also promlMil a line of 
fiO.OOO/,, and unenndilionally pave up all hi« 
claims lo xlnf four canired><, ntid ap|HLreiitly 
to South Wales as well, .\nglesey was re- 
8lore«l lo him, to be held at a rent of one 
lUoasand mark.* yearly to tho king, and on 
c<indition nf its reverlinif to the Itine if 
Llywrlyn <li>.'d without If^timate heirs. The 
homnffe^ of nwirl? all the ' WeUh baroaa' 
were iransfL-rri'd from the prince to tlw iajxg, 
911V© the hotiia^ of live bar<jna of Snowdon, 
* inosmach oa lie could not bu called a prinoe 

if he had no barons under him.* ThvWeUh 
lords wert? called upon to »wcar to the treaty 
and renounce Llywel™ if he broke it. In 
return for all tht*e conce-'wioiw Kdwanl pro- 
mised to continue Llywvlya in liia princi- 
pality, now reduced to the district round 
Snowdon. Ample provision was made for 
LlywelytiV Welsh eiionuea, DaTjdd, t>wain, 
anil Gruffydd. Owaio aagamed the lordiihip 
of IJryn.and Darydd was awarded territory 
in I'erveddwlad. 

Llywelvu won now ah.<H>lvM) from his ex- 
communication, lie went to Ilhuddlsn and 
wrformed hninagr and fealty to t>lward. 
The terms (if hi? submiseton had been luird, 
for Edward had determined to show that he 
was master. Bat now thai Llywwlyn'a 
power was bn:iken, fiiward voluniarily re- 
mitted sum^^' uf the m«ire oiterous of t he con- 
ditions, civin^r up the line of oO,(XXM. and. 
the annual rent w AiiKlesey. 

I.lywi'Iyn wa.^ now iii lii^h favour, lie 

went tu I^ndou wilh .tumrt of hin cliieflaius, 

. and spent Chrifimas there with the kinc, 

performing ht^mage more solemnly in full 

I parliain«'nT. Afler n-ntniiiing thent n fort- 

; niftht bu retunied lu Wales. Some ^luall 

j matt-L-r* were still in debate, and ftcciipJed 

I the attention uf the stateismeu nn both sides 

' during the i^arly months of MTH, and 

UywL'lyn gmve trmh olTenc* by neglectiiifr 

to iittend the Ea^iter parliament; but an 

iiniU-rstanding whs at length arrived al. In 

Aii^»l Itie king went to tho ittiirdies 

(Wykiw, p, 27^), and mot Llywulyu at 

Wnrcestor, whore the treaty was renewed. 

Klejiuiir de Montfort ac>com|ianied the Kiig- 

Lish kiui^, and arraiij^eiiients were made for 

her marriage to Llyweiyn, Just before the 

I ceremony Kdward urged him with flattery 

ti> suhatn-ibe a letter pledging liiini^elf not to 

keep any man iu his territory without tbs 

king's p'.-rmidsioa. LIvwelyii signed this, 

smitu-ii, a» hL- tells us htmsi*lf, ' by the fear 

which may ovurc»niP a steadfast man ' ( PBCK- 

HJkN.Zfffi-'-*, ll.xlv, 113). Oal30ct.he was 

married to Kleanor Montfort at the door nf 

WorctL^ter Ciithe>!rnl. The hiugsof En^hiud 

and Scotland, Ibe Karl of Iranco^ter, and h 

great gathering of magnates witnessed the 

ei^rr»mony, thmigb there were somi"- ^archingii 

of heart ii.* to the jioliey of the match. Next 

dav l.lvwelvnand KLeaniir duimrted joyfully 

for Wales (Cont. Fi,oB. Wlg, p. 2lS; Ut-ut 

t/ 'ryuH/ioffion, p. 371). Thp union was snon 

brought lo au end. Ou UUan. \'2A2 Rleamir 

died in giving birth to her only child. This 

was a daughter named WencefJana, or Wen- 

Ctana (^Mwsibly (TWenllianl, who, after her 

fathers downfall, fell as nn infant into her 

coubia'a powar, and became a nun at Scm- 

c 2 




ttfintflun, when ilie <lied m 1337 {Cont. 
FutK. Wm. p. 228; /a-'Zcra, L 712). 

Kevf-ral jvnK t}f pi-«cc< followed, but 
Llj-w>ilyn mm with impslHrncs Ihu Lies of 
hu [diirer, while Edward's agenU carried 
out roiighlT and riolentl^ his policT nf an- 
gIir.i4ation in the eedeti dimiricU. Tlic four 
cantmls trvn brou|{lit under the county 
court of Cheater. Hie ehcrlffii of Carmar- 
then and Canliiran rairied oat the Rame 
{)olicy in thi- tuiiilh. At the same time the 
aaHTKfUc primate, John P<%kham, etnivi- lo 
put uowD th« abuses of the Wel»h church, 
and bring it int<i grvnttT harmony with the 
Kngliuli church. Ht8 plaiii) exti'ndttd tint 
merL'l,v to tliocudeddiatncts, but to th« teiri- 
torj Mill ruled by LlywcWn. und his well- 
mtwnt but blundering' |)oli4?%- pmvoki^ Lhn 
imtopeitreaiatADOe. In l^IKOlVckhfim visited 
WaW and patched up an aifreement with 
Llyw*-Irn, whn, in obrrdiencc tn his nti^gri- 
lintiB, concluded a 4?i>nipH)ution with tli« 
Oiithop of Mtat^Qt (Pel-kuam, Letters, No. 
eviii. of. Pr<;f. ii, liiii. Llywt.-lyn made the 
archbiehou ihi; pn-Hont of eomo hounds, and 
MDt him liume fiiirlr contented. Hat boma 
lime afVur prince and arcbbi«hot> were> again 
in (icrimnnioun cnnfrnver^y. Llvwelyn wft» 
now npuiii nt fi-ud wilh 4iniffy<)d nh (fwon- 
wynwvn, and cumphiin^il tljnt iht- irrms of 
the pt-aco were violated bj* Gruffydd's ac- 
lioiiB. I'pcliham lotd LU-w^lyn, who np- 
praii-<l til rill! LMisvontA of t]\tmt^ ptirtH, iJiitt 
thd Welsh cuHtome wvru onlv tu bi* obserrml 
so far M they were ^eaftonaSk^ But mnuy 
of the laws of llowct Dda wtTL' unrpiwon- 
n)ilti(iVi. No, lxvi.)ntidaffninHttlu> dt'CJilo);ui^ 
Llywi-lyu had ibtM-vforonurifilit to complain 
if the king and his council preferred to sell lo 
thp dispute-It in the marclit's by Ihi? reaAnmiWt' 
and jitHi, cut>trimA nf I'.nglnnd {ib. No. cxv.) 
tjuch re>a#uiili]|{ ii^d^valvd Livwelyu'tt dta> . 
conb-ni wtth hia jiosition. }(i.-^ rc-ti^ntcd a i 
Kiiicinions to up]K'tLr hm a EUitor iR'fun- the | 
kiuK'tjui'lici' at Montjijcimery, ami ni'jriectii'd 

jHirlinmfnls. Un Hijon hi'i^ri to listen to ' 
the luiid complainls of hia old itubjiTtx in 
tho four '-antrcds, who ctnmorouitly ap- 
TMinliiil for hi,4 Jitdp ajfairiKl tht' violi.UKV and 
lirululity iif Kdward's ofllcinlK. Kdward 
iinrurti-d Win li'iiiil ri|;htA n'morscli'^oly mid 
im-xoml)ly. Ilia»uhordinal<.viaa usuul siTvod 
biiii liadlv, and diflplnyed unnectfssary rio- 
li-nw anil hniliility. Davydd. Llywflyn'ii 
brolhi-r, was so dwnnstwl nt their arrmna 
that be of^relly enCen't) into a loafTUt) with '. 
hiui agrunM the kinf;. A ^^ntal 6cheni» <j£ 
rr>v«dt swms l<i have bei-n plnnnwl with 
the utmi>6t secrecy. The ri'CDn.(!iliafi(»n of 
Llywelyn and Uavydd uguiu uuiled tlia ^ 

%VelaIi fonwa. It«cU««B of ooDMqueaoN, 
b««dlMS of tlu> imprababilit^r of fuoosM, mad 
puffed up by rain propliecme that the time 
of the downfall nf the ^xon was ap^oroacb- 
ing, Ltywelyn plung^ recklessly into his last 

On the ere of Palm Sunday 1 '2Si TJywelm 
and Parydd suddeuly atlacki<d the c«slle4 
of Flint,' ]£hnddlan, find llawardt-o ( Orn^ 
Amtali, p. yH7 ; HWwr/ejf AmaU, p. 397 ; 
Euloffhtm Hii-toruimm, iii. 14rt; Hureratfr 
Amtab, p. 481 ; Brut y Tyiey»«fion,p. :t73i. 
The castlea were taken, and Koger Clilford. 
th« kiiift's lieutenant, was wouoded and 
taken phwni'r. \ p-neral revolt of Pet- 
veddwlftd fDlIowfd. Uywtrlya invadod tJia 
redwi districts, and was cvfrr«fh#rc welcomed 
with enthiL^iasm. Even b(>fore the nortbent 
tilting a Miuilar oittbrpJik had taken place in 
the south, whore, on '2d .March. Gniffrdd 
ab Maredndd. tho heir of rbc Soulli WVUh 
prineea-raptiire*) and destroj-ud ibu new for- 
trena of Aberystwitii.tlirough which northero 
Cordisanshire wa^ kept in ^ubjoctioD ( Unit 
y Tywyiuifpon, y. 373). Tbonce tbw ivvolt 
spread over the whole of South Wales (An- 
nalrr Cambria, p. 106). 

Edward, profoundly disrated, resolved to 
pndonco for all Myw«lyn's power. In April 
thd Widsh princtt wae wilMnnly excommiini- 
patpd by Archbiiihop reckhain (Pbi'Khab, 
Z#fVM, No. ccliv.) (.)n MidBommpr-day Ed- 
ward entered Wul.-s at the bead of a pliant 
army. The plan nf rampai^ wiw now eswif 
tially the- name a.4 that in 12T7, but carried 
out mnrt- rnthli'fisly and with a larger force. 
Llyivtilvn flf^in n'troiUnl lo Snowdon, and 
again tKu mountain dietricl waa blockaded 
bv sea and land. Tho resistance continued 
all ibt^ summer, Edward taliinK up his h^ad- 
rjuflrtt-ra at Conwny, wliilii I.lywehni iw- 
mained at Aber. <_ittrtbcBvu. or »nme other 
of hia castles within th« tnoimtains. No 
general rewBtance wa* attempted to the pro- 
gretm of thi- I'li^liNh foTve, but many omall 
conabate were fought, with rarying sticcwii, 
I.lvwt'lvn ptininfia .tipuBl-^iico^ft." nn IS Nov., 
whin thu llooil-tiJu hrukt; thu hridfj>< mw 
the Mettai Siniits, and a large force of Eng- 
lish an tlm An-on bank w>'ra cut off by the 
Welsh. Ituh the most intcre^il ing episodo 
of the campaign was the atleiupl at niadia- 
tion ronde ut Archbishop IVckham, who bad 
orrrinipti nied t^lwnnlV army. On 21 Oct. 
I'lH'-khaw aeiil a doctor of dirinitr nninpd 
Jnbn the Welshman tn trent with tdywdyn 
(*A. No. cccswij). Elubiirute srhMuIea'of 
the griuvaiicrs of tliu Wi-lsb wen* lai<l before 
him (printed in tlii.'li(illKi>iliti(>nol'PE€KiiAll'fi 
I^ftrrx, including ihu uppcinl (fricvancca of 
l.lyivelyn, in ii. 4.'lft-7H). Ou ai Oct. I'ock- 

>■ ■ UCH- H 

Ittm htmsulf BPt out for Snowdon, tbougli 
ivlward had gWvo bim no eucoungsment. 
lie th<Te ppent three dnvH with. Ijlywelyn. 
His utlnr was, rhat if l.)rwH\ii iHinipletelr 
submittod to tba king, and abanduiitMl liu 
priodpaUty, liMwanl would allow blm lands 
worth IfiOOt. a year in Ktme Knglisli county, 
take cboTK^ of his infant daiiffhti-r, and even 
contttDplate tb» prj«i>KCt oi iiUowinf; (uiy 
legitimate male Iwir bom to him to succMd 
to linowdon. The only altematire waa his 
com{il*!te and ul»olut>! ruin. 

{}n 11 Nov. Ltywflyn [•rofaM«d hh wil- 
lioffiwsa to submit, hut not on such impoa- 
Mbu! t«nna. Kdward, however, would only 
Accept nnconditional Atirrcnder. Thii> ended 
thv aegotiiit ioni^. The pa«MM of Snowdoii 
mn now cloicly Ikmi. Llywelyn, a&aid 
that with the winter season be afaould affiuu 
be forc^ to anrreader aa in 1377, neolred 
lo escape from SnowdoD.aiid try hi« fortune 
in mcMV fruitful UnHfi. Moreover, hi.i pr^ 
sBDce waa urgently neetlwl in the eotith, 
when OlcNiOGBler and Rdmund Mortimer had 
"wen a mat rictory at IJandeilo. Leaving 
Davyda and most of hi« followers, Llywelyn 
flUCR^ed in vluding' thu viifLlanco uf llii^ 
iMsief^ra. Soon al^ th«h«ad of asmall 
force, lie devastated Ceredigion and Ystmd- 
Inwi, and thi-ncfl, jniinn^-yinjr westwards, he 
vigomusly nltacki'<l thu middle mArcliee.Cfu- 
Jtjffium Jlittoriantm, iii. H6). The Welab 
tcnanu of the Mortiisen be^n to join him, 
but hti was no match for the ili-^ciptined 
ibrces of tlu> marchers. Tlitj linil action 
via Boon fooght, but it4 place and details 
are Tory rariou«ly given hy the chraniclers. 
J.IywelTn wa» attacked bv l-Mmund .Moi^ 
timer samewltem in Mid-Wale«, near \\iv 
upper waters of the Serem.aod not far from 
HaihhandOwmhir. He was slain on II Uet 
tiy one Adam de Fnuikton, as he hurried 
up to join in a akiniuah which wad g^Qg 
on between his men and the followers of tb« 
Mnri impn. The Welah aooounta sjieak uf a 
Uvaelieroti^ upitointment to whieli he came 
alOBe and unarmed, whentupon lie waa 
Mien upon and slain (STci'Hinfs, lAtrmturf 
ttftke Aymrif, p. 368-8). A letter, cuucIumI 
in ^'ttsrue and myflterioufi laoj^age, wae* found 
on his bodv. and forwarded to the king* 
(/VrfrM, i. 6l9), Hi« mutilated corpse was 
barieil in cnn^ecraled (j^und at Cwmhir, 
bat his be^ wax sent to London, whfre it 
VM tvcoired with preat rejoicinga by the 
citttetu. It was tinally crownwl with ivv-, 
IB nockerr of his pruteuEions to kingship, 
and waa tixed on a pole upon the Tower 
<CoTToa. p. 163: H'orwtter AnmU. p. 486). 
Llywelyn s comnet w««i olfereil up hy Al- 
phoneo, luiward'a eldest stm, at the sbrine of 

St. Edward In W'eetminatur Abbey ( Ifor- 
ctttfT AnrutU, p. 490). 

j\s the last champion of Welsh liberty, 
Llywelyn win* gneatly eulogised hy tho vet^ 
naeular pm-ts ol \ii> i-ountr^'. lulecttv wurc 
wriltvn on hini by IJle<ld,>Ti Vardd (.Myiy- 
rian Archaiologtf of if'aleg, fiee'a reprint, p. 
iifiH) and by (rrutlydd ah yr Ynad (focli (w. 
I>.2>i8). Thill latter is transliil 111 in StephensV 
'LiteratureoftheKyinry,'pp.3709<j. Llyw- 
elyn'a praises weie aiw celebrated in an ode 
by Ltygsd Gwr {ib. p. aS»), of which Su^ 
phens (pp. fttO-M) alM ^rea an Knglish 
version (cf. Kv,*ns, Sftfnnifru of Awient 
H'eUh Pbftn/, pp. m~\l, ej. Llunidloea>. 
The qualitiea for which the bard* eajH^cinlly 
commend him are his generoaily and open- 
handedness, especially to the poet«. * 1 
ui>viT rvtum empty-band«l fr<^tm the north,' 
wrolD IJygad (iwr ^Stepiiexis p. :««). 
Bleddyn Vardd deMribes hiui aa'tht* motrt 
reckless of givers,' and tJie 'freest distribntor 
of g^armonta.' That he was brave, active, 
and strenuous, his whole life abundantly t«a- 
tilies. He wnn, perhapit, better able to ccm- 
cetve than to carry out an elaborate policy; 
hut hit! ruu^h martial virtuux and vitrorous 
characier make him appear a hero be§tde the 
manifold treacheriea and greedy B9lf-4cflkillj 
of hi-s bnither Davjdd. 

[AnD&lf* Cambrin, Brut y TyryaDgioD. An- 
Bales Mooaatici, BishaiwLT, 1-loreH llistoria- 
rum, Maithcw PariB** Ili-t. Major, llsgit- 
trunt iLpihtoltirum J. I'eckham.aU in K^IU Set.; 
Mr. Mania's l*re&ce to tho AMnnd rolame of 
P«K:k.haia'fl Lettem largely dwle wiili Llywelyn ; 
Trirut and Hemingbutgh (Kni'l. Hist. Soe.): 
Rvtiicr's Fisdan, vol. i. RM^jnl od. ; Itotalua 
Walliar. pri^-atel;r printed bv Sir T. FbiUipa; 
Myvyrian Arehuo1of*y uf walca; St«pb«ns's 
LitucaLure uf the Kvmry ; Y Cymmnxlor, ix. 
310.19: StubWs Const. HisU vol. ii.: IWli'a 
GeM!liichtcTonEDB'aDd,vol. JT.: Saeley'aHiaC.of 
BdvBld 1 : Pearson's Hist, of KoiflAiid. vol. ii.; 
lUmoBt*.-* .Simon d(? Montfort ; Owt^n and BUktc 
way'a Hist, of Shrowsbur/. i. 120-9 : Kyioa's 
(%roreh{re. A shartbioj:Taphy of Eleanor Mant- 
fort IS givMi in Mrs. OrMo a PrincswM of tCtig- 
Und, ii. l«fl-t>.] T. F. T." 

LLYWELYN ab RHYS, ratinmonlv 
called Lltwei.tx Hren id. 1317). SVflah 
rebel, was a man i)f li*ru;e p<-i?i»e««ions and cTMt 
iaflueni» in ( jlaiuor^an, wbi're he held uiniU 
inSenKheiiTdilandMiftCViuCii/. Pttt^nt fMlt, 
I3-27-.-iO, p- -"^'-'i- The'KarU of Olouce«l«r 
were lords of thelilnmorgan.ihire palatinate, 
and were iiccuslometl t') rule their dominions 
with the help of the local lord^i, whether 
WeUh or English. Llywelyn therefore held 
a high office under flilbftrt of Cbire (1291- 
13U) [ri.v.], the last Earl uf Gloucester of 




hU Imiitie. Itnt on Earl fiUbi-rt's doutJi at 
Biuinnoiilnim, tin- CHSHidy of ItlaniorgRn fell 
iitto tU'J kiug's bunds u» tliv guuidtuti ot Clitr 
tliree sisters nnd htircMiM uf ibc docfaseii 
etirl. Kdwnnl II apiKiinlfd I'ninof TiirU'r- 
vilU', iini! of till' ]'Iiii;lish Innis uf t.Iifi \iilt! f>f 
01uuit>rtpiiL, OS ivnrdvu ui'llicVHC&nt lurdi>1iip, 
and Tiirl»er%-nii> nt cnev rr-miivt^ii Mywclyn 
Brpii (jiidotlieroftIie()Uli)Bkia]B[omiikoway 
ffir his t'ripridB, IJywf lyn aiinrily dentin rn>-d 
T II rbor villi', who ihureupon accused him 
bcfow xbt- kinpof si-^iiViijTi, I.Iywityri w.-nt 
to cnurt, bofiing In excuKc liinisLdf. Hut lliu 
toiiUsh KdTCftrilde^piiit-d liis romgilaLnts, nud 
called him (I '8on of death.' Llywelyn wasiiow 
tbrmjilly summoned to npiicar hi'lorc t\ui jmr- 
liftment at<ilu, \viii(;li lUiMJiiibltsl uu 
27Jaa.l316{/'aW. JfV.V^, 11. 1. 162), but on 
receiring the Bumiiioii& Llrwelyn scciv'tly rv- 
lurncd to his owucuuTitry,»iiil, having taken 
counsel with his fripotU, fosl- iti rovnlt. Thorn 
is no ([raa-l leason for 6Ui)i)0):ing u-itb I'ntiLi 
( ftfufhichtr England*, iv. 1*47) thni cho M'cUh 
took udrnntji^-of lbi' binih- of Itaiinockbiim 
\a unite to tlirow ufl" the Kripti^li yoke. The 
quarrel waa purely local, and tIlnmoT;ff(m, 
with its indppendi-nt fmnf-hiacH, wa-s utmost 
dituj.'trtbfr <;ii[ uft'ffinii (^I'm-nil Welt^li mtivn- 
in).-n1i^. MonjovurEduurd II iva?. v«y i>i>i>u!«r 
in WnU-fl, oad was rt^pardod iis a nutivo Itin^. 
>Qdi>i]bt, bdWcviT, lltert; wusa uiiLioual t-le- 
menl in iliu rir'iug. 

Llywelyn bt'gun his ruvoU by uu attvmpt 
to auriirisB Caerpliilly Oastlc while the con- 
stable wai^lioIdiii){bi)irouitc)utsiilt' the woIIk. 
Llywolyn took Oir oonstahl'- prisoner, and 
burnt tbu oul<>r wards, but fuiK-d to capture 
tbf main worVs of the cftstlr. .\. vnir tlirong 
of Wel.^h from Iht" bills — estiinaU'd by lUu 
)[onk uf Mulinesbiiry »» ten tlinuctuid in 
uuinlw'r—lli»eki;dt(»thoftiuidiird of Llywelyn 
andof )iiH»ix eons. Tnrb>.>rvilii' bad no mcana 
of nwixting ttiicb n force, and stood quit:lly 
Hside wliilu tliu vale of (Uamorgan ivas de- 
viutittt^d, and an enoi-mou^ booty conveyed to 
thomountftins. Edwiirdwrui niiwrit Lincnln, i 
whiTe, owin^ to I^lyiVBlyn's revolt, very fiiw 
Ionia attendud tUe|mrIinineut. lltiiuppoinlt^d 
Humphrey Ilobnn, earl of Hereford, wlin 
wfiH lord of the nelnhbouriiit; morcher InnJ- 
tthiji uf Brecon, wiitu-in of an finny to put 
down llie n-volt (J'uv/ero.ii.l^SS-t), Here- 
fuwd soon gathered topether nn overwhelm- 
iii|; force, I'lie neiKhbokirini; oinrrliersi, in- 
cluding the .Mortimers of Chirk lLnJ^Vij7ulore, 
and Henry of Ijincaster, flocked to hi« n*- 
sistanC'O. Llywelyn, despairintr of fiirtlier 
resL^tanco, oilfted to siibiiiit if liis life, Hnibn, 
Anii property wem auarvd. 13ut the eurl 
would accept nnthinc nut unconditional snr- 
render. Wnen the knglish army approached 

th« mountnin fiutnes»vi!i of the rebels, Llyw- 
elyn lold his folEowert that be bad been the 
eatue of the rovolt, and that it was right 
therefore tliat he aliould jhtijiIi ralhorthnn 
they. He ihewforc wi'nt down from the 
hillti.iuHl surrendered himseli'unctmdi I innnlly 
to Hereford, who sent him to the kin^. In 
July 1310 he was conveyed to I^iidou, where 
he renininod in tlie Tower from i?7 July 1318 
to 17 .iunt' i;il7 (AtvAaofoffin CttmiirintMiit, 
nftw f-er. ii. l!^7). It is probable, however, 
that Hif-reford and tli« M'>rtimer» promiftsd 
inforraally llmi Llywelyn should not be toi> 
HL-vertdy dealt iivith, aud it was afterwonU 
allepttd tliat the ki]lx had agreed tn art Upon 
their promise (Grff/i Htuarfli I, Aucttire 
lin'tltiHt/toni'itnJ, II. t\7). But the I)e9pi>n*ct« 
were bei'^ominff all-powerful with Kdward,AiitI 
the younger I)esiieniter. as husband of our of 
the Gloucester ixtheirpsces, hoped for the k^ 
newnl of I lift (Ttoucester earldom in his favour, 
and thought llial llieruin of u gruut Glamor* 
S'nnva»*aiofth?Iiurl of OloiiCeSterwM likely 
to promolo his interest? in that quarter. Ho 
seized upon l.lywelyn's estates, cnrrieil off 
Llywelyn to Curtlill' Oiisth', and caused him 
to W tried, oondemne<U hun^, drawn, anil 
(|unrtLTiMl in 1317. In the charpes hrought 
ajrninsl tliR llesptsnsers at the time of their 
first full in I>*J:fi, the judicial njurder of 
Uywelyn liren takes a conspicuous plaoe 
{ib. pp. 67 -ft ). ]lut t he sons of I .ly welyn n»- 
nminf^d eschuleiL from tlicir fjither'e inherit^ 
unco until llie disturbances in South Waled 
which attended the final fall of the De- 
spensera and I he deposition of Kdward II. 
They then resutnt'il potwei^ioii. Their nnmcs 
wenrf trulTydd, John, Meurip. Ropur, William, 
and Llywelyn. Un ! I I*Vb. 1^17 the govL-m- 
nient of TB«l)t'll(i nnd Mortimer formally r*-- 
Hlort^l to them l ln-ir lather's Innd.*, ^nf wliiell 
they bad been frauduk'nlly di»poMt-«>ed by 
the vniinper llngh le I>L'9i-ienser'(C'(l/. Vtitrnt 
}M1», 1327-30. pp. 3s:>-ltH. 

[Thn henl, iweoiint of l.Iywftlm !■ ifiven in 
thii Monk uf Mslnivabury's \'itH*Ei!wBrdi II in 
StuliWm Clironiu'lt's of KiLwnnl I nml Tl. i 1.21.1- 
218. The chrtr((e»rt2>iin*( tho I>c»ipcnMr^ ar«in 
llio Ciumii of liridliiiL^oH'it OtMit Kilwnnli d» 
Cnmnrron in ih. ii. G7 ; Kvmer'H 1-Vdem, vol. ii, ; 
CfU, of Pntrnl Kolla, 13^7-311. The (ubiiect ia 
trcolcid at lenjTth by Mr. II, H, Knifjht in Ar- 
chn-ologirt Cambron»is, nrw iH=r. ii. 17S-91. Th» 
further fttattments about Llywelyn in Iho lolo 
?tIS.S. (Wplxh M!HlS. Socirly) cannot be Iruatod.] 

T. F. T. 

LLYWELYN OP Luksbwtdd {at 
Li.Kwi:i.r.\ Suis) C1520?-iei6), Welsh bard, 

bom about i'liJO. was a disciple of Thomas 
Llewelyn ofKhe(roes[ef. I. i.nwci.YX, Thomas, 
1 720 P 1 79^] aud JluirigPiify d J of Ltanishen, 





both In fll&mcrgviubiiv. Skm Muwddwjr, 

a conttttnpontT, *ny9 he was »n usher in tue 

Olamorgan caiirt uf ^Ti-nt mmuors, but lie 


nuDUMript! for (ilamorsaneliire fp'titU'raeu, 

M nnd hml ai*n>.xM to ilie nbmrit'ft at Raglan, 

H Y Vann, und otbtir DlacvB. Abdut 1575 be 

^hjff n^utioneU under llu* o&oi« l^wt-ljn John 

^HffrSir FxIvRTd ManM'lin his'lIiFlon'uf tliu 

^^ nOTOHQ (.'oii<]U(^i nKilniiii>reaii,'ualeanied 

and diliguiit colk-ctorof WfMh naaoBcriptA. 

UjTrelyn died in IHIH. l\^ piv^dH dt llie 

M!«aion i ' f^riiodd ' ) of tlie bttnlK uf (t lamoivnn 

»al Tir larTi In I'VU.and was comtniMioiiHu to 
coUtvt nnd lo redtiCf to writing liie Iradi- 
tiooal lore of that bardic order. Tliejwwera 
utiliwd bv I>do Mor^'nnw)^ <^ Edward Wil- 
liamn) in ibn prpparaiion □! bia'Cvfrinacb y 
Bunld.' uii)'li:<lied al^i^r hi^ <li-ath V>r bis son 
T«lie»in U ilUums in lK:it). A ("urtbl-r instnt- 
nit.'nt, (^.'niied * Burddas,' wa» prtnled uilb a ' 
translation for ibe- Welsh Manu'»cnpi Socii-ly 
in \t**ji'J. S«v«?ral of bis i-ompiUtionsnrepub- 
liahcd in loin MSS., and on Ibt^m are ba^ed 
mnet uf tbo pTvU-umun(> of iieo-dcuidiuu to 
ibd poMeiuuon of eeotericr doctiinM of great I 

» antiquity. Ona of bis munuscripla which | 
Iob> Alorganwf; Raid ha ba<l copied from aa 
urigiual (einco lu«il ) coutaiiu-d nil account i>f 
an ancient Wvlsb bardic alphrtlw-t, called 
Ooelbrcn v Beirdd, of which a full ru-couni 
il ^ven by 'i'alienin NVilliamti in a work 
bemnnp that titlii <Lbindwvory,Hvol. but lliw 
genuinvattaa of siicb an alpbabvt is ojtttn to 
the gravest doubt. ' 

[lolo MSS. 46, 49, S:c. ; Owtin'* CarnVnAn ' 
Biography; Cot^lbnii y Ikirdd. 1>y Titliain Wil- 
KanM, pr. IA-1'2: ryfrinibrh ylVirdd, pp. 1-4: 
Skeoea Poor Aucienl Uookit of WalM,i. 29. 3U.] 

D. Ll. T. 

LOBB. e.mmaxi:el (i«w-i(j:i). 

it. [Hvis SiuLov, Jo6E?n.j 

)BB. STEPnEN Irf. \mt\ nniicnn- 
formtsit divine, w«s the son of Iliclmrd I.rf>l>b, 
M.P., af I .iflkoard, M dl Park, VSarleugaii. nn.l 
Tr»--niBiliick,St.N«>l«,t'omwa]l. In UtKl Iil- 
settled ill London aa p««torof thi* rndepon- 
dent conoT^alion in retter Lane. Hf waA 
arcuicd oi being oonc>'ni«<l in the Kp> Hnusa I 

• plot, and with annth<.T uiiuioler iiniiH^ Cas- I 
u«nwuam'M«dinE!»exaDdcoiumic,tt-d to | 
prison in Aiigiirt IKKJ (LnTrjuiLL, lifhtion ■ 
(./ StaU Afair*, IM7, i. -'T^i, -IJ-'t). After I 
Jaiaw 11 liad isttued bitt ditclaratiun for U- ' 
benTofcoiucieoo«(4 April 1GH7I, I»bb woa I 
^ mu* of tliR mirtitittfni wlected by tht; inde- 
B pendc^l't to pre>w-nt an addrt'i» of thnnkn In 
^ liioj. Ylit fri?()uenl alteiidance at court, fdr 
which b<^ wa8M)meiinie« called the 'Jacobite 
Indepi'odenl,' led the cburcb party to accuse 

him of promoting a repeal of tb^ T'Ht Act. 
\\ hon on an St-pt. 1W*1 (Jrocers* IJall wm 
opuDed by tlie Inrd niayttr, Libit prPMfiird 
Inesermou (i^.i.'lti:;). In ltSi>lbvwaHL'ho«4>u 
to fill otieof thoTttCBncie9,occA.4io&i-d bvtbo 
eirlusionof llniiit'l 'Williamti, among tbt;U'c- 
turunat the Pinnt>r&' Hall. He died onS June 
189i>. By tUe dttuaLtex of TLeopbilus Pol- 
whele, nnn confirm I si. minister at Tiverton, 
IVvonsliin*, ht> bad ilin>i' s^ms, Htrphcri {ft, 
17:fl>), who ciinfDriac^l and U^ceiuil- rlmplain 
of Penrance Chapel, Cornwall, and vicar of 
Milton Abbot. I)<iTonsbire;Tbeo])hiUn[().v.]; 
and SnniniM ^tl. KlH)), wbo ali«n ountomi'ed 
anil olrtflint-d tb^ n-ctury uf Kartttiirb, Hun- 
gvrford, Wiltshire, .Mr»,Lobb died in WM. 
In cotijum'.lion wilb John Humfrey i^q. v.] 
Libb wrote in UWC) an'An.'iwer ... by somH 
Xonconfoniii«te ' lo a »ermon preurhc^l by 
l>r. Kdward iftllUngfleet on the mischief of 
sepiimtion. Still ingdeipt. rvplied the vjnao 
vear in 'Th« Cluiigw of Schiem Uenewiu].* 
l<obb and llumfrey therenpoii retorted with 
a ■P.'plv to the Ucfence ot i)r. Stjllingtleet,' 

itwi. ■ 

l»bb took a prominent part in the ontt- 
tpovensy between the presbyt^rian and in- 
(l*'pi'tiri('nt drnominatinnn oc«iaioned by iho 
n>|.iublii-atititi of I'uliiiis CriBp's ' Work* ' with 
• Aiiditit>iis ' in 16tH>, To counteract what he 
coaeiJervd lo be Crimp's erroneoui^ doctrine, 
Itaiiiei William* in IlllfJ ' A l)v- 
I'encoof Gospel Truth.' Lubbjoineilii»uewith 
WUlianu) in 'A IVceable Kn<]uiry into ihe 
nature of the present controversie among otir 
I'tiitMl Rreilin-Q about JiiKtilication,' pi. i. 
8vu. Loudon, 11^*8, WiUiamt having brietly 
pe]>li«l, L>bu publiehed 'A Vindication of 
the IXiCtor, and myself^' 4to, London, KilW, 
Ijobb next wrote ' A Ki-pon. of the pri-»«>iit 
etate uf the diliV'nnic<i> in Hoctritial^ be- 
tweensome IMssentinc -Mini»t<.'r* in London,' 
8vo, London, KilC This won answered dup- 
ing ihe itnuiit vear by Vincent .'Vieop in 'A 
Fiiilhful K'.-ljuW lo II Futw Report.' I*obb 
rt'joini.'d with a 'IVfcncc' of Lis ' Ui'port ' 
and 'Remarks'on AIs>>p'« ' Kchuke,' which 
wiL". in turn cai(tignti>d by Williams in 'Tbo 
Answer to the liepirt,' \c., 1<J98. At length 
Libb ariit forth * An Appi'al to Dr. .Siilliiig- 
flpet and Dr. Ed«Tinls coucprning Christ's 
SatiHfuolion,' *-vi>. Iyon<lim, HiiW, in wliich 
be inainiiat&d that WiUinuia and liicliard 
Kaxier faronrrd Sociniaimui. Stillingfleet 
in his admirable reply intimated that tbo 
dispute in bi» opinion wait idle and prolit- 
leif. Lobb, howevor, slill pursued the con- 
troversy in * A fnnhi-r Ih-fMire' of bis * .\p- 
peal,' and it was clu«ed by Williams iu a 
pamphlet called 'AnEud to DiMToid.' An 
uioaymoiu disciple of Baxter disposed of 

Lobli'a accuHatioTi in 'A Plea for ibe lain 

Mr. IkxttT,' imt. 

l^bbleFt n raanuscnpt dinry, which puase^l 
on lii-t (lentb iaUi the ]K»se^ion of his ton 

[Wititon's Dincnting ChurrtiM, ii. 2iJ2, iii. 
430^46; Th&Duu Goodwtn't! Fiinentl S«Tni<in ; 
litttfuci's Hint. «f ]>ii«0Dl«», i. 3tt0; A DrtwIliiL 
Oralirm drlivorcii l>y llmt n >rcly i»fflicl*>'l Sn-int., 
Str^jtiuuLubb. 1083; Do^uie and Court iiu,v'ii BiLl. 
Cornitb. ; Boom's Culloi?Inr;«a Coranb, dil. 606 : 
will uf bi» brotltsr, Hlcbtrd Lobb, nsg. in P. C. O, 
]2«.(»]t.| Q. G. 

I'n.'i), pliyt^ix-'iau, Ixim in Liuiclonoii 17 Aitg. 
Kirn, wa.'itJie son ofSleiiht-ti Lobb [cj. v.], by 
the dfoighier of ThpnphiluHl'wIwhel*", noncon- 
formist ininistfT M Tivi', Uevnnshire, In 
Epitu itf Hn eurly tuBtv fur lai'dk-ini- Lu whs 
(>aiicnt«d for th« ministry under the Itev. 
Thomas (.iijodwin [q. v.] at I'inntr, Middle- 
sex. Ill 170'i he selllKi as a nnnrnnfnrmisT 
mitiietur itt Guildford, Surrey, iiiul thtTO be- 
en lue acqiiaiuted ivJtIi a pliysiolun. fruiu wltoni 
hi' received soiiio mi^di^ml instructiou. About 
]70tibf rcrn(i\ I'd lJ>Sliiifl(!«biiry, Dorset, where 
\iK bi'gan to |>rnu1 uk (ii< a, {>liyniciuii. lu 1 7 !■'} 
he seltlodat Veovil,t5omer»er. umi pntciist-'d 
wilhgpeiit succeas.altbrmghlifstill fotitiniied 
to cxercine his ministry. Dis-'^tioioiui in hin 
cungruRiition at Yvovil iiidiic<;d hitu in 17:^2 
to ri!movi> to Witham, Kasex. On 2(3 June 
of that ypjir lt« wivh crent^yi M.I), by the 
university of OIiiMi;ow. mid wiii« ndniitlod 
F.R.S. tin 13 March 1728-9. In I73i hu 
rec«ived a. call frnra the concrcgation at 
HHbitrda-Hlnr/Hidl, Limdon, Iml liis ministry 
not pruvitii; ui'L'C|i'iibI« hn niMiIvwJ aliour 
i'i'.Ui t-ii iip[)ly hiuisL'lf wholly t" jihysit;, Ou 
30 Sfiil. 1740 ho was admitted a licfnlinti; 
of the lloytil (.'■oUcpn of I'hyflicinnH.andpmc!- 
tifiud lliuniruforlh in ixtndoii. On :^l May 
I'tli' A piiteul wtM i^^aBted to him ' for a 
tincture to prewrve the blood frnm dJzincu, 
and a anlinp .fcnrbutio arriniony.' He died 
lit the i>iiri»b of Clirivt (Jliiirvli, London, on 
10 Mayl ~C;J, and w a* buried In itunhill Fifdds. 
Heuiarritvl, tirst,l''ninci-!i (fi. I72J>, dauplitcr 
of J«nMaiC<ioke,phy.ii{Hun,ofSliejit.on Mallet, 
SoaiuTMl , and fecondly, in 3 7:^1, n lady who 
diedon2Feb. 1760; but he left noiMue. The 
prufil uriHiMK fniin ihu »>ah' of the tiucturv he 
bunueatlied to his niece, Klizdielh Huclfland 
(will registered in P. C. C. iOI, Cie«irl. 

In 17li7 hi* bruher-in-lnw, l.ho Tli>v. Jnhn 
Hrei'iii'of Chflincrnnl, KKH.-x,]>iibli>ihe<l •The 
l*o»iT of Failh anil HudUncsft exemplilied 
in soint' Memoir? nl'Thyophil us Lobb.'fonaist- 
injj prinoipnlly of extracis from l^obb's dian.". 
IV;ti\nd to thi- work ih n poplrait aCiar 
X. Browu, engmred by J. Jiulett, 

Lobb'a r«Ii^iou« writings include: 1. *A 
brief nefent-e of the Christian lleliffion ; or, 
the TestJnionv of (iod to the Tnitli of th« 
ChriHtian K«!]i)i:ion.' Kc, Hvo, Ijoadon, 17:J6. 
2. ' Sacred Duclarut l<jiu ; or, a Latter to the 
Inlmbit&ntc of London, Wc«tmin«t«r,«iidaU 
other parts of Great Britain on the oocounL 
nf those Sins whioh provokiMl (tod to send 
and continue the Mortal SickuCM among ibe 
(!artlf. and to wpnify by tho late awful 
Kiirth4|uakeii that IIih Anger le- not turned 
away' [anon. "J, Hvo, London, 17''iO. X 'Let- 
ters nn ilieSacrecl IVedictions* (wilhaletter 
npnn ibf piiblio rt-ading of the .Scriptiirc«), 
&c,, 8vo, Lundon, 17lU. 4. * Au.Yii^wer lo 
tliti Question, whether it be lawful to go 
to Plays," 8vn. 0. ' A Dialogue between a 
Mfi'iter and bU Servants conoeniing the Sm 
of Lyin^,' 8vo, 

IXis medical woiksare: i.'ATreatiMoftlM 
Small-pOK. Intwoparts, (With an Appendix 
to pt. i.),'><v(j, LoNilnii, lj".'ll. 2. 'lijninnal 
Ml-I hods of Curin^i; Fevers.' &c., 8vo. Loudon, 
1734. 3. 'Medical Practice in curing Fevers; 
eorrt'Bpfjndent to rational mathotU,' Jtc, 8vo, 
London, 17'in. I. 'ATriiAtise on l>i.<u>olveiit4 
of the 8toiie, and on Curing; the Stone and 
Gout tiv Aliment,' &c,, 8vo, London. 17^ 
fi, ' .'V PrBctiwil Trejitise of Painful Distem- 
pers. With aome , . , Methods of Cnring 
them,' &c., Hvo, I^)ndon, I7S9. ft. • An a£ 
dre<w to the Faculty on Miss St«pbeiu's Mo- 
diejiropnts.' Hvo, l^mdon. I73i). 7. '].fetten 
conL-ernitii^ lhi> I'la^tic, »ht.^win)f the uieana 
to preserve peofjlo from Inft'cliou,' t^vo, Loop 
don, 1745. 8. * A Compendium of the Prac- 
tice of Pliysick , . . in Twenty-four Leo- 
tnrufl . . . VVilli a Letter shewing what ia 
the propLT pn|iaralii.iti of jwraoii* for Liocu- 
Ution,' ki\, Kvo, London, 17-I7. 9. 'Tho 
(Tond Sumnritan, or Complete Kn^Ueh Phv- 
aii'ian,' llJmo. London {IjrA)?}. li). 'Medi- 
cal Principles and Cautioaa,' S piB. 8vo, 
London, 1751-3. 1 i. ' t ietienii .Medical Prin- 
ciples and ('nuliona, in three part*/ j^c, Sto, 
London, I7o3. 12. * Medicinal Letters. In 
I two parts,' &c., lUmo, London, ITH-'i; 3rd 
' edit. 17(»5. 13. -The Practice tif i 'by sic in 
: gpneral, tia deiivensd iti n Coursuof Li.cturo8 
un the Theory of Lliueasea, and the proper 
' method of ireatiuR them. Publiehed from 
the Doctor's own M.S-,' 2 vols. 8vo, London, 

I^bb'a correspondence with Dr. Tbomaa 
Birch, I7.'ifl-<ti'. U in the British Museum. 
Ad(liiii.«al .MS. I^lll. The same collection 
contains bin ' Account uf Dr. Cliltou'n Hip* 
pocrates upon Air, Water, and Situation ' 
(No. 4J3H); •ThoiiEhts of the Motions of a 
Iliimnn Living IIikIv. January 1713-4 aod 
March 1743-4' (No.' 4436); and •ObwcTBp 


tioos reUiiug to the l*lairuw, 1743, with Let- 
ten* (A.) 

IVilMo'ft DueeatiBit Charchw, iii.il41~8; 
iluiik»t;.in. uf Phy», 1878. ». !*«-7: Watr» 
BiliL Hrit. ; CrADs'a C'«L uf Ku^t'^vrI Porlraili^ 
i. 213: Ayaoou^ • CaL uf MS8. ii. Brit, Mos.; 
Bcaue mkI lV>an.M<7'a BiM. Coniob. ; Boom's 

»Ci>UntMKa Cuniub. cot .M6.| O. 0. 

LOBEL, inRSCII (1721-1800), chii-f 
imbtri. p« LTo:f, Hast.] 

ILOOB, DA\TD(rf. 1780), writeroaoom- 
»4T«t, «jf Over ('Ambee. Fifeshire, bwd • 
c^or, roee to rhf nuik <if muit<^r in tho mor- 
cfattOttefTioo.iUidaflurw-iLnl^M-ttlediil Leith, 
^rhen be prot|M>red as n uiercUaiit nud NLip- 
ownrr. n»' was Tor ■ocn? Tears a mt-mb^T of 

• iht uinant cnnrention ot tbr royal biimhit, 
wiw nppoiufcd in 177(i inspector-generul of 
tbtf woolleti manufactures of SooilaiKV br 
xbe lnHlea» for frdieriea, mAnufacture*, anci 
tnipcovvaeata, and waa afti^rtttuxlfl insiK-^t in- 
^tmrol of lb« fifibrrittsuf Scdtlnnd. lie died 
Mt his hntuw in :<«. Atme'i Yards, Edinburgh, 
<m UFi^b. )7H0. 

In the intercMt nf the woollen Jodii^tr^', 
lich hv rrfrnrdvd aa thv it«[>leuf Scotland, 
eh adv<icau-d in three forcible pampblets 
llm abuhlimi of the duties on u-wl, by wbicb 
<h<r linvn tDanufiu-tiirf waa tb<-n {m)l«clt.-d, 
*nd tbvMMX'unLgvueDt byprpmiiinisof iiheep- 
linierlinf. These were e'lititjfd; 1. *Ii«tt«rs 
tyiurtmmg the Trai!<> and Manufactitr^i* of 
^Scollantl: pMrticiilarlvthfWottllen andLini-n 
MaDiifa4'tUTvw,'Kdinbiir|{b,i'ndt'dit. 177 t,-llo. 
y. 'LeMer^'Ac. tearnf lit It? sa jirwc^iug, but 
dilTvrent maitcr'l, Krjinburgh, 3rd vdit. 177fi, 
'Itn. 8. 'Curious nnd Knterlaininp Lettt^r*. 
concerning tlw Tradp and Mnnufnrtuntti of 
iNWtlnnd: p(irttculnr)ytb(.>\\'ix<l]«n nnd linen 
Maaufccnin^,'A<'-.Kdinbiirpb,;irdcdit, 1774, 
*" " " alsapublisbed'GaHiysDTitbeTmdp, 
It, Manufaetum, and Fiiibf>rieM of 
f^MMland. ContainiDfT iCemarkson theSitua- 
iinn of mo«t of lb«' S«Miprtrt*. the NumWr 
4if Sbi|>)iinf eniplovLHl, nnd thrir Tonnage; 
J*tnceur¥* on lh« princii-al Inland Towns, 
ihi- different BrnTicbes of '1 md*' and Commerce 
camt-d on. otid thf rnrioiis Iiniinori-nicnt* 
*"*■'- '" —- *■ ■ and HiatH and llwer rat ions 
^lSK tlie Coiutttut ionol Tolice. with many 
' Artirlm npv^ ret published.' Edinburgh, 
J, (ii, 8vo, 177'i 9,3 »iii», Piuin, and 'A Tour 
thmuifh lhi> Tmdin^ Toirne and Villngea in 
KcotlanH.' Edinburgh, 1778. 

(Srats Xog. a &», xli. 13, slii. 110; Oent. 
Mjf. 17M, p. IMS Th* Prutton (to ihs Coart 
«f£Mioa.S 1>««. 17«;:i nr J^ii)»3iuirb«ad.Ut* 
wntrr In Gilinlmrzh. artil tlic ,Aiii™*r» llieiwo; 
At. AdT. LtW,, Waii'«Bia Bril.; Brit. Mus. 
Cki-l J. M, R. 

LOCa, (1IL\NVILLE (H)WBR (1«1»- 
I8fi3),captain in tKenavr.lKinii'HFfb. 1S13, 
was Mtxind eon of Jame.-« IjOcIj fq. v.] of Dry- 
law in Mid-Lothiun: brotherof tieorgv Loch 
(I(*!>2) g^jvemor of the Capo of Good Ilop«i. 
ileeotwvd tb« iiavr in 1-Vbruary 18:26, pas««cl 
his examiuatioQ in 1^32, and was pramoted to 
belieutunant on 23l>ct. 18.S8. Anerwrring 
on the home atation and tbeSlediterranfwn ho 
was promoted tobeooununder^Feb. 1837. 
From 1838 to ItMOht^ commanded the fly on 
the South Arovricun nnd i'licilic Hation.and 
in lft4l the Vesuvius in the Moditerran>-iui. 
Ilu was advoiiwd to |>o«t rank on 26 Aug. 
l&41,aQd on retitrninfr lo Knt^land went out 
to China aa a voliinti.><.'r, and at tb>* capture of 
ChinKianK Frtosent'd as nn aido-de-camp to 
fieneral Sir Hiijjh (tou^h fq. v." He after* 
warda published his jountnl tinker the title 
'Th« Closing' Ereots of the Campaiffn in 
China.* IJmo, IKia. l-'nm IMfi to IM9 he 
commamled the Alarm fri^te in the West 
Indies; and in Februar;,' I'M** was wnt to 
tlie roa«l of Nicaragua lo demand and «n- 
foroe redrt'Mi for rerlain outraire«, and to 
obtain lh<- n.-leaatt of two British !iubji.<«t« 
who had Uvn «irrii-d off from San Juan by 
the military commniidant. TTik ^vi-nimenl 
al the lime aeemttl (o be in ihe bands of th« 
nrror, and l^och forthwith procwiU-d up the 
river in the boaia of the .Uarm and \ ixftt 
flofvp, hi? total fr»rcf bfinir 'J*U} men. The 
L'ncmT bad occuuii'd a strung po^tition at 
S^mpaqui, ditfenued not only by th'j nature 
of the ground and the material obstruct ions, 
but by a fiv^vknoi current which kept the 
iKials under tin- fitran hour and a half b»rore 
the uii-n nmld land. The fort ■ft-aa then 
gnllantly carried and dismantled, tht^ pxns 
Aettmyftl imd the nmrauniiinR tlirown into 
the river. Tli(;n-ii)Kin tin* Ilrili^h demands 
were coiii?ed«l nnd a saiisfaclory treaty wu 
arranged. On the ren>ption of 'he miwn in 
Kiiifhind l>x-Ii wa« mtidc a 8(1 May 
18J8. In \S.'t'2 111" commisffionwl tho Win- 
chester frigate to relieve the llnstings a« 
flagship in China and the Kast Indies. It 
was th^ time of the (wvmd Burmese war; 
and flliortlyuAHr arriving at Rangoon the 
admiral died; the cowniodore vna* off the 
coast, and the rvmmand in the river de- 
Tolveil on I>wh. Thi> work res'-'lvwi itaelf 
into keupiu); the river clear aiid driving the 
Bunneae out of suchpneiitiMU* as tlii*y occu- 
pied on its banks. In the beginning of I8d3 
a robbercliief.Nya-Myat-Toon,liad brouffbt 
lopelher a etrang force, bad Htnckaded a mi^ 
midable position at l)onabew, ototiu'd tbe 
trafHc, and rf]M-11i.'d tbe attempt todnve him 
away. Loch in peraon led a joint naval and 

Buliunr enieditiaa a^iujuA him ; Uoiled, ami 
threaded tbe war hjt nuroir patli through 
tUeli jungle. IIi^t taami tlip ^nckade an 
the unlinr bnuk of ■ ><teep nullali. in at- 
Uoapt iOfi tocrasB which thi^v >ulTrnrd n vt^n^ly 
•ad wen dmen bwk, 4 Feb. LocU -vru 
■bolr Utroufffa tbe bodv and died twu daji 
liter, 6 Feb. lK->3. ire vtis buried «t Itnn- 
goon. beocalh a »tOD« nvctt-d fav tlw ofHc«r» 
and men ot th« Winchwicr I'Umv !« alM 
a muDiuneDt tn hta mcmary in ^t. PBul'sCa- 
tLedrah lie was onniarTiMl, 

tO'ByriM'B >'nT. Biuj;. Diet. : Ann. R(^. 11)53. 
p>. 21(1 : 0«Dt Stag. IttaS, pt. i. p. dffi : Uullecia 
of tHalo InLolU^Ma. 184S, i>. 112; I>iiine*B 
Pcfrn : a NitrriitiTeof Evetits(tnnni;LhM SMoad 
BunoMo WftT, p. 226; isfotiDatioD from tbe 
fomil;.] J. K. I.. 

LOCH. JAMHS (17(^1855), ecnnomixt, 

Vim fin 7 May l"^*0, wii«eld»»flt mmofOeorffe 
l^och of Drj'law, ^>l■nh1lr^lI. His mother, 
Man', wa« dauglit'_T oi Juliu Adiiu) of Blnir, 
KiariMB^faira, and fist^-r of Lorrl-commiii- 
MODcr Adam. In 1801 be wa^ admitlt^ an 
advucsro in Scniland, anil -vrtia oaiUnl to tho 
bar in Kngland al i.iuuoiiiV Inn (in l.") Nitv. 
lt«>U; but afjanJuuiniT ibt law after a few 

J ears of oouvi-vancinff pmctice, he became 
argwly intvresi'^ in tJie nmnagi-inont of 
e«tat«fl, and wan MmullnoeouHly uuditor to 
the MarqiiUof St&fl'ord,&ft«rwanlAtirst Diikt* 
of Siiiht-rland [i.t.~, Io I^ord Francis E;^r- 
ton, afienvarfw Karl of Kiift«nn*r(>, to the 
Brid)ivH'at<rr Inmlccji, to tin- Earl of Car- 
lifik, and to the tniBt estates of tht> Earl 
of iJudlevandof \'iscount K'?ith. In this 
canocil V iin wai n-sp'inr'iblo for miii_'1i of th)* 
pfniry nwpcctirifj' iho apTiL-iiUnnil laltourcni 
and iht) imiirovt^ment '^f agricultiirt- pursued 
over tons m I lioiisiin<iB of acTY-s bolli in Enp- 
lund ami SootlMnd. Tiie ' Sutherlandshire 
cleamncfs' <>( tlie sumnd ^larquiii »i Staf- 
ford, bv which between It^ll and 1820 fif- 
t4Mi luousand erofic^ra were removed from 
tho inland to the nRii^cfmnl diMirieia, were 
carricil out under hia^upervtsi^^ii. Thepolicv 
of these clenmncet) was bilHTly oilftck'.-d, 
and lliey wi^rit Miid tu hav« tn-L-n harshly 
carrttd out (two Sn^ucixm, Etudn tur t£ro- 
tumue /WiViorw, No, iv, fd. I6.'(": Dojf\i.D 
&iAi:i.l»iD, Jtut.ofthr Destitution in AWVr- 
laiiihhire, ISII ), bul the plnriwof crunl fric- 
tions Imvfi never been proved, and the eco- 
nomic policv han hot-n ably defended (aoe 
l.fiiJNri: i)K L,i V i:iiu:t i:. £m«i mr f£fvaomie 
runiln de fAntjietrrn', AVtMwc, et Irla»itr, 
1^»4). The experiences of the Irish famine 
show that tlieoh'flraiicedoribc *iM?onrl decndf 
of tho century at any rnl-e averted tlw im^si- 
(ulily of aiiailar tulft'iinga in the bighhindi^. 


In June lis27 Lf>ch entered pariianient aa 
mrmhfT for Si.G«!nnains in Comwall in tlift 
whi>,'int<rri-*t.and having hi^ld that s*al until 
]83U.hewasthvnrvtUTnedwit1iouto{>po><icioil. H 
for tbt* Wick btirgh*, and wn« r.-|riilar!y n-.- H 
ele«ed until l^5:*, when be wa* dcff»m.*d, by , 
119 Totwt t«j H), by Sanind Ijiiu^'. He pulv 
lished a pamphlet' on the improvement;! on 
tbe Sutherhind estat« in \&H\ and in 1H34 
printtnl pHvatelv a memoir of iho firet Puke 
of Sutherland, lie died on L^S June lAV%at 
hi« house in Albemarle Street, I/jodon. Ho 
wu a fellow of tbe Oeolo^pi-al, 8latiMical» 
and Zoolopii»l Societies, and a mrinber of the 
coounitteeof the L'jeful Knowledge Society, 
He married, tirsl, in IflO. -^nn. yriunp*t 
daUKhterof I'at rw-k Orr of llridgeton, Kin- 
canltne^hire. br whom, among fcevoral other 
children, he had sons, Granville Oower l^och 
[n. T.] and Henry Brougham I*eh. who ii a 
(t.C.M.O. uad (3', governor of thu Cane, 
and high commissioner for Soul h Afriira lie 
married, secondly, on 2 Dec 1(47, Elizitl»slh 
Mary, widow ot Major fJenrgo ^Incartney 
(*r«?vilie, S8tli foot, and eld«st dauchter of ^ 
John Teareon of TelfeiihaU Wood. Stattbrd- fl 
shire, who predeccaMd him on J.t lX*c. IH-lfS, ^ 

[0«ol. Mag. 1856, ii. 206; infonnittion from 
W. A. Locfa, CB(). ; Lord Huiinld Ooivvr'H Staf* ^ 
find Hoiue LMXan ; C. Knight's I'dSHk^ from H 
aWoikLaglafa,ii.l31i ijun. R<rv. lxix.419.) ■ 

J. A. H. 

LOCHINVAR,Iy)Bi>. i^SeeGoRDos.Sni 

LOCHORE. ROBERT <ir63-lW3>, 

Scottish ]ioit. W89 bom at Stratbaven, Lun- 
arlfgliire, T July I7il2. At the ag»* of thir- 
teen hu heeaine a shL^emiiker, and ultimoUdy 
conducted a succe6»ful btii-ineM of hi» own 
in t!k)*pow. (hi 7 June 17S(i lie married 
Isoljol Bruuiiiii^, a nnrive of ,\yrshiiX!. His 
local interusta and liisliturarytaateabrouiibt 
him into contact with Burni),' Oi*nerou* uiul 
philanlbnipic. I^ochore founded the Olasjpiw 
.'\nnuity Hoeieiy, be^idati ajviAtina othor in- 
elitulium> fur the public good. He died at 
Glospow 27 April l8o2, Iwiring m\ auiobio- 
grupliv nnd various Si-ottisli (ales and jmetaSf 
whieli linvH not been piihlisli>er]. 

Locbor*" earlv wrol« versec, and he coin- 
pCMwl in his e'lKhty-eiphtli ywir a f^iritt^d 
' l<aol Syofcb uf l!ii» Aulil Hrip of (_)f(i*^iw 
on bfinti coud*mued to he tokun down,' 
I'liiN wsi« cirrulared as a broad-thoet in I^o0» 
and it is beliuved to have appt-nred in tho 
' J{eform<'r9' Gazette ' that yeiir. In 1790- 
l~9Q liochore ptiblifhcd two poetical iracta, 
' Willie's Vision ' ond ' The l-oppish Tuylur.' 
A1>iiiit ISIobh' piililishedannnyuiDiislv 'Tales 
in llhtrme and Minor Piect^d, in the ScolLiaU 





TkiAlwt.* Jl'ia aoTig, • N'oo, JeniiT, Inw. ray ' 
Bnnnj" Bird,' li»« Ix^'n nitnbuteil to Hiiniw. 
IU> itMtl rliL- vt>niaciiUir JfStL'ruiUHlv, atiil liia 
pcM-ms ur\' Tttltkiblt" inuetntioiu of Scottish 
life uid rlinriu-ti'r. For « lime.aboTit 1817, 
etlil<Ni ilk' ' KilaionuM'k Slirror' for his 
'itai (Jauim l'irKU90K, Auiolnvtf. Jtemim'*- 
fmr^M. lt<7n. I 

[tafomiiUiuDlromUr. R. BradicnoilMr. Jobn I 
I^idiora, the puot'fi ftmodsuiu ; Bo^rsH >[w]«n) | 
SooUiafi Miiutrnl^ GnuL WiUiju'a Poeto and i 
Itmtry ot IkotlaBil-j T, B. j 

LOOK. [See Locku ud LuK.j 

LOCKE. [Sm bUo I^k.} 

LOCKE, J<)lIN(l08-'-i:mi,philnsoplit.r, 
*-)ii of Joba Ixirk.- (1006-1661), was Vrq 
29 AiiC- lt!3:;,«t W'ringJon.SomtTwt.nljout 
t«n mtltvt fnitn ItrLtttol. m tlii* houev uf ; 
his moClter's br<>tbt.'r. He had 006 brutWr, ' 
Tliomu. bom 9 Atia. UiX?. His motb«r, 
Agne--^ Kt^ne (6, IWt"), was niecu of Eliza- 
iM-tli Ktwrnt, ■•-■vund wifp uf hisurmiidfiitlier. 
N icbuloa Locke. Nii-liol&«, vrho died in 1C48, 
is df scribed M * of Sutton Wick, in theporiih 
of (_*liow Mocnn, rlinhier/ He hivil tm>vinU6ly 
livtil &t Pciitford, i<^u mil*.-? Irotu miAloI, uu 
llio Sbeptoa MftUet ro«d. lie had a liousd 
called B^l'ilon, do»« to Pvnsfon], but in 
Piihlnw pnn«h, wbirb bofon^ bis d*'atb wns 
ocirupipd bv Ikissnn Jobu. Ilo intl his iioiufo 
and a f^xl fortune to John, nltn became an 
attonex, v&» clerk to the ju.«tic«« of the 
pMre for the county, nnil nirent tn Alexander 
Popham, one of thi' jii^rtiii-v, whoi^o t-stati-^ 
were io the neinhbourhofui. On ihe oiit- 
bre«k of the civil 'mir Tophiim becume | 
oohniel nf a inrlinmentnry Tv^inif nt of horve, | 
And IiorJtuunL'of liifiCBplaiiis. The rc^mviit, 
after doing »onte service at lirwtMl and ; 
Kxftcr, wa* Hpjwin-ntlv bn)k'-ii iipat Waller's 
Ji^'f'eac at KoumlwHy l)»ivn { !•{ July ltV4:{|. 
Ijixkf lo^t niuni'v bv thu irfiubW, and ulti- 
mately left to bis«on1esithanlie bod inherited, j 
kerleavingthe army he a^insetllL'd down ' 
a Un'yer. Hia. wife, of ^\boin the younger | 
cVe vpmke tw 'a \i-zy yiv>i» wumau and ' 
ail'-ctioniile nmeber,* is not njention»-d after 
the birth of her aecond child. The eldtT 
\joi'ke wa.^ rather uteni diirins his aonV in- 
fancy, but ri'bixod as the lau ^w, 'lived 
Crfectly vith Uini ait frii-nd,' and aolRoinlr 
f^f^ his nanion for having once struck 
him in his wiybod. Tlii! younger Locke 
vrai) lent (o U(.-i>tminflter, {>robably in 1G4(>, 
andplnriHl on tJio foundation in HMT.tliroiiph 
ttun interest of hia futber'a frioud, r<>pham, 
who had lieen elected to the I»ngpnrliaiiicni 
for Baiii, in October 1W5. The school vtm 
then BLuaged by a parliamontarv- comtnittcc. 

Husby was Hcad-irft8ifr, and Ihrdcn and 
South weruniu'iui; lyjcke'* si-huDlfi'Ilowa. Al 
Whitsuntide litTii Locke was eb-ctt-il to a 
junior •itndenti'hip at Christ Church, and wag. 
inntrirtilnrt'd :JT >ii)V. followinff, John Owen 
[11. v.] was then di'an of C'brist f'hiirt'h and 
vice-chancellor. T^cke'e tutor wa*. Thomaft 
Cole (laar moo: ) [q.v.] in IB-Vt Locke 
contributed a Ijitin and an I'ji^liinh poem 
to the 'Muen OxoniunMS,' ''EAota^o^ia,' a 
colloctiOD of complimentary veraee, edited by 
Owen, in honour of the peace with thi> Dutch, 
He becnniR ii.,A. on 14 Fek lti^.%-li, and 
M.A. on L'».Iuno1i358. 

Locke, like hU piredeoessor Uobbes and all 
the rising thinkers of his own day, was re- 
pelled by the AriHlotelinn pbilanopliy ihi'D 
uouiiiatiC at Oxford. Ho is rrjMjrtfl as 
•Mtyinsr (SpBlfCB, Aw'tot'-t.-^. 107) that bis 
BTorvion lothe acholastic disputation It-d him 
to lipend miirh of his &rKi veant in reitdinj^ 
roimancefi. I^dy MMham a*l«cj lii'ard thai he 
wn»notii * very hard siuHcnt.' and pn'fem*d 
cultivating the acquaintance uf 'itU'a.snnt and 
wittr men.' 8he al&o fitatetf that his Orst 
relisQ for philosophy was due to bis ptudy of 
T)escarl«« (Fox HornjfR, i. ii'J), then b«^ 
cumiii^' the leader uf European lUuiijilit. Ho 
had to attend the lecturer of Wallis on geo- 
metry, and of Seth Ward upon astiwiDtny. 
He longftftorwards spoke witn onthnsiosm of 
thu orientalist Po«hcke,who,thoufrh a staunch 
royalist, was allowed tn n-laiii rliepiiifwtsor- 
dhip* of Hebrew and of Arabic (It-tter of 
'M July 1 70:i, first pnblish^d in ' CoUoction'' 
of 171.10). Ixicke never became a inathe- 
nuticinn or an orieitlatist, but he made ac- 
quaintance with tho jTToup of scientific men 
who met at Oxford bi-ftirc the Itc^toration 
and ufter^vards formed the Koyal •Society* 
With Boyle, who settled at Oxford in 16->l 
and lierame, with Wilkins, a cntre of iha 
pcientilic circh-j', bo foniied n lifelonj; friend- 
ship. Most of [jocke's friends Jiad royalist 
B\inpnthies, and inspiteof hift early training- 
he had become nli(-naled from the pnritnn 
do^iatiHni. He benrtily wi-lciimed tliv Ue- 
Btunttion in the belief that a return to cuu- 
stilurional covemment would be favourable 
to political androlijjifiua freedom. 

lwkesfaTli.-rdi.-.J Vi IVb. HHH) I. leaving 
lii:« pTopertv between bis sons John and 
Thomas, Lpon Thomas's death from con- 
sumption soon afterwards John probably 
inherited the wlinle. Seven yeera later it 
seeiiie that he was receiving 73/. Gc. lOf/. a 
vcar from his tenants at Penaford (t'A. i. K3>. 
ile continued to reside at Oxford, where be 
had some pupils in ll^tl-:i. Hewaaappointed 
Oreek lecturer at ChriRtma? IQflO, lecturer 
on rhetoric at Christmas 16d:?, atid censor of 




moral philosophv it Christmas IU63. each ' 
iiVIKiintment bcin^ for thp following y«3ar. A 
lt!)jliiii(niial la bin cuud clianicWr frotn the 
<IeaQ and caaoiu U ailt«d 4 Oct. 1 tiGH. Ftfty- 
fi%'o of the sestOT 8tadentflbip<i out of etxly 
"wen t«nuMf^ only by men in boly orders or 
pivpnrine (a take orders. Lo^^ke appears to 
Lave baa some iutentioos of btKominc n 
cIer:gym&o, but a letter written in 1o(i4J 
(KiKfi, i. 52) declarpfi thnt lie tind refusod 
fiom« vcrj- (idvaiitagwjua otl'Kn* of profer- 
ment ontlW grounds that he doubted nis fit- 
ness for the iinsitinn, that ho would not Ijo 
contcnltMl whli * bi'inc uiidi', powibly 
iiiiddbTnoi^, of 111* iirofirftsioiii'acid would not 
comniit bimself to ao irrevocivbUi slop, lor 
whicb,mort>>aviJr,hia previous Rludk-t hitd tint 
ppepnrfid him. li« had (Wixiu, Li/c and 
Timff, Oxford Ilirt. Soc., i. 472) alt^aded in 
lIMia ih« Iccturt* of I'ctcr Staid. « chHrnist 
who had li«t^n bmu^lit Xa Oxford by Boyle 
in XiiW. III'. iiiiiNt nlxo have atu<lii><l inedi> 
clat^i Co wliicb lit.' eaoa dvvot<?d Limself. 

Locke's det^^rmtnatton to rt-TOnin n layman 
was pmbiibtyduo in part to tbi'(lovi'lo|iim^nt 
of bis opininiifl. IliM vipw§ may bt inft'm.'d 
from some es«ava written botween IfltJO ivnd 
1167, prcsfcrvod in tbp ShafVesbury papen*. 
Tho most ripmurliiible atv an ' E§eay on tliH 
Itoman C-oiumonwualtb,' wrillen aWul the 
timt; of the licstoration, and an ' Ewuy cnn- 
ccming ToWntifin,' written in 1667. (TKo 
* RsHay upon Toleration ' is given at lenjirth 
I)V -Mr. ^ox IJourno, with mil account* of 
Ih^ (JtbHr fraffmenti, i. 147-04.) Locke, 
like nil hi» ablest contemporarius, lind V-cn 
deeply imprfiw^d by many cilamities duu 
la till- ri(]i|;ioii!> disrords i>f tbi? time. Likt* 
Ilobbea, be traced the «vil to tbt- aurliorily 
of an independent priesthood, and soug-Lt fo'r 
M remi'dj" in the Hiipremary nf the Rt-ate, His 
ideal was \\\ii Roman RunHtitutioue»labli.«bed 
las hf ima^iiied) ty Numa, in which tho 
jiriesta wppfl ahaoliitply depundent upon ihn 
Hlaie, und ' only two articliw of fnitli' — b^ 
lief in tli« K«iodn(iM of tbf k»mI», and ibe 
merit of a nionil!ife,madeobligi;tiiry. Unlike 
Hobbps,howuver, he would limit the powor of 
the mof^tmtfl 1o fiinctii)n.« c!i;arly necessary 
for the creserration of j:»»ace. .\I1 reliffioiia, 
«hni]ld lie tolerat«d vxci^pt atheism, wbiph 
ft ruck at allmumlitv, and cut Itolirism. which 
vas in priocipli) intolerant, and elaimc'd 
pawi>ri) for thtiapiritual authority inconsuitent 
with the Buprwrnicv of tha «tnte. To theso 
4ipinioiis Iioeke adlierL'd tliniUKh lifu- He 
wa« tints in favour of an MtabUsbc-d church, 
bill with thie wide«t practicable comprebpn- 
sion. I io tbpi%far? welcomed the reatomtion 
<if tlwMtablifihment tc longa* comprelienaioii 
Memed probable, but waa alienated by the 

spi-wly development of the policy of oofcrroeil 
conl'nrraity. Before finally necidinu upon hla 
oartierLoiikeliiid a cliunce of vnlorin^ine pub- 
lic swrvice. Sir William Oodolphin (Iti-^f- 
UWO) [q. v.] had been his coatemporary »t 
Westminster and (.'hri8l('hurch,anuwm« now 
secretary to Arlington. It was probably 
thnnigli Godolphin'* interest that Lucke was 
ap^iointod «Ncrotarr to Sir Walter Vanp, who 
was sent an a miHsion to the elector of 
Dra:ulenburg at tbt^ «nd of 1 QOi>. The elector 
waa dispospd to ally himself with UoUaod, 
then at M'ar with Ktigland, in order to e»ta- 
bUsli his claims to the duchy of Cleve. 'Jlie 
miD.MOuwas intended to secure Uia neutrality 
or alliance. l.ocke wn« with Vane at Cle^c 
durin)T ]>t'j:t^nibc>r IStt.*) and January 1005-^ 
reiuming to England in Fi;bruBiy. Ht> wrote 
)M>me humorouii letters describin^f the con- 
vivlalitica luid tJic i«choln«tic dtspntatiom of 
thx? natives, but ths miasion cams Xn litxle 
result. Upon his return lifi wan invited to 
join a taia^ioii to Spain, in which (j!odoI|Jiia 
actofi AS M!cretary Io Sandwich. Ait«rsoae 
hositation hu declined thi' uJl'er, thoujib he 
miffht, hp. flaid. be tfivinET up tii.s one cbauoa 
of ' making himsielf.' lie decided to settle 
at Oxford and devnto hiinm^lfto medical and 
sciuntiBo t'tudies. Letters tu Boyle frnoi 
Cleve, and during a visit to Somerset in tiia 
spring; of 16ti6, contain various refercnoM to 
EcienttBc investi;jntioii». (In 2^1 Nov. Il368 
he was elected a fellow of the Royal Society, 
and though he never took a ven- active put 
in iw ppoceedinifo, he occasionally servea oa 
comtnitti^sandonthecouurili'Kiitt'li, Rovat 

SticUtt/, ii. sj;i, iii. ri9, ni,fri,«lt, 11-J). lie 
be^ran to imictijMj an a pUywcian in co-iiiit.-ra- 
tion wiih Onvid Thomaa, nr old colleM 
friend ll'WxBouRNG, i. 60, 18.1, 249). Vttt 
»ome imnxplainpd reason he did not take the 
modical ilc^ree^, and a letter from Clamudon, 
then chancellor of the university, of 3 Nor. 
16(1(3, requt':<iting thnt he might be allowed to 
accumulate the M.I), iind M.l>. degrees, was 
not obeyed. On 14 Nov. following be ob- 
tained & dist>^nrtiitinn,sij>rned by tliQWCTfrtuy 
of state, \N illinm Morris, enabling Kim to 
hold bis studentship without taking ordaiB. 
Il i« prolhflble tliat »ome prejudice of Iha 
Oxford high churchmen prevented his oIh 
taining Ihe degree, although he must still 
liavfihadsomi'inHuencoat court, In |tf7Utiis 

Cntivn, .\shley, obtahied a RH.|iie't from the 
hike of Ormonde, then chancellor, for the 
S£,n. degree; but Locke, finding that it 
would he oppoai-d. withdrew the application 
((■*. i. 210). In 11574 l^ocke took the M.B. 
dpgree; and in Jiinmiry U174 fi wa» trnn»> 
ferredlooneof thr IwimL^diculstiidciittibips, 
but he never graduated as doctor (i. 'SdQ). 







AshleT, aftfTWHrdii t ho Unt f *rl of f?liftft4>«- 
burv, luul maAf i>kck4.-'ft ucqimintiincv at Ox- 
ford iu July ltMJ6. L'jckf, mt lhf> ivqupnt uf 
bU purtm-r, Th(»n&s. bad procutvd 6i>mo me- 
diciiuil wsU<r from Aairop fr>r Asliley, wliu 
ma on a vUic to hi« ma al Uxfon]. A con- 
gHUalitT of opiuiotut fsvuuntl tW d-.-rulo|>- 
ncnt or ft rapid and liuttn^ friendakip be- 
twern two of ihe sblwt nmn of tti» lime. 
Loc]i« aooooipnoied A«ihli-v to Huriiiinirliillf 
wliere than were otW f^^hioDAblc wai^n. 
■nd aooB •ftorwKrvU iiccciitM] mn invitation 
Bo become ■ member of AohlcvB familf . He 
mfl ■coonlinglv ivttleil at Kxr1i.^r Ilniiiw in 
the Stnnd. Aj^^ey'a towo re^idonce, by the 
•unmer of \nffj. 

IiUclK>'e lir?t M-nrtces toAihley wwre mwli- 
CftL lo IW^ be perfomwl an operation for 
an intf m«l abBce»9, Arotn which Ashley siif- 
fem), and iu^pt the won ni) u)h>ii hy n >'ilri>r 
tube, fnK|ueotly nieDti'ineil by tht> satirisu 
of tb» day. A«h1ey, acoordinfr lo the etat^ 
mvnt of bis gTnnd<ion, pWTentwi I.ocka from 
pmclUiiie as a |ibyi<ieinn oiti«tide of his own 
family : duI ihi' nulci* of u fi-w caers which 
h* atl.nid*(i are prewired in ihe British Mu- 
aeam. Hehad (brmed arlrtsa fricndshiii with 
ThomasSTdenbam [■].¥,], whom hernnfliillfd 
in A«hleyicu«. UeaecoaipanicU^ydcnliiim 
on vintu to Kimr of bi» patient* ; ho wTote a 
liiitin poem, nre&xed to the second edition 
(lt)&S» of i^ydenbun's worli on rt-vvr*: and 
romiKKTwl a prvfacu and dtsdicalton invvur 
n*>;il, l>ui preserved in the .ShaReslmry papers) 
fhrati iiiteniled worliof Sydpnhjiin upon small- 
pox. Svilt'iiliHiu, in ihn pn'fnoi^ tot h<^ I bin) odi- 
lof rii» wurk up<^in fever( 1070 >,n.'ffi> I" th« 
ival of his method by Lockp, to whom, 

rdaclarHF, no man of the lime is superior 
lent and mannrrB. Syilenliititi ul^o 
liotert-rt in a me<lical work proj<-eted 
Fl>ielif<. fif whieh afracment, Hated HWl), is 
jjr«--tervi-d Jti the Shii firs' bury pmpers (print p<1 
bvMr.Fox norRNi:,i.l>21'-7). Uickeaphilo- 
aopbical tendencies appear in bin denuncin- 
lifrii of the futility of twhoiat.tic di?cuKiion« 
in nK^tiuinc. and bis advocacy of Ihe &ien- 
tifi'- iipp>-itl to experience, which Sydenham's 
rm-ilh-li had il]ii;<trflled. I»cke occasion- 
ally ai-tetl im a ph\Kir-iatl in luit-ryi-arH, but 
lti» time wii> now cliit-fly i]fcupie<l by Ai^Iiley's 
aftnirx. In IftlSJ he negotloted the Dinrriage 
betwrt-n Ashh'v's nan and Ijdy Dorothy 
Manners, and aLiendi>d l>iidy IMrotby in her 
ronfin^-nient wln-n ibr third Lonl Sbiift^i^ 
Imry was bom {'J*i Feb. 1670-1). He was 
trcniod ns n vtihied and confidential friend 
by the whole tnmily. 

A*bli'y wa» one of the 'lonld* propriet'im 

nt C-aroIinn, under a pnicnt granted in IHCA. 

[8ume culuniAta were Mnt out iu IIUI1>, and a 

conBtitution drawn tip for the gnvemmMnt. 
The orijiinal draft, <lali'd 2i June If}(Kt, in in 
Locke's haudwriling in tbu Sha^eHbury 
papers, and ha« been printed in the ' Hiirty- 
ihird Jieport of the lleputy-keepi-r of Public 
lleconU, It is print«l iw adopted by tho 
proprietors in Locke's works. Tbv general 
ncheme is arijdoemtie, and nf^ro tlavcry per- 
mitted. ThunH is, howt'vwr, a reisarkablo 
nrovi»ion, allowing any ^eveu pernios Iv 
lorrn a charcb upon profeesing belief in God 
and in thu duty ot pnhlie worship. This 
pruvisiun ejrpreaeea LockL''t!! oplniuiu^ ; but it 
donn not appear bow far be was resi>oni<ibl» 
for the other prorisions in n piece of coii^ti- 
tution-monfrenngvhirh never cami* inrnope- 
ratiun, Locku acled u* mMtretary 1^) the pro- 

Erietora, and was much occupied by thi; 
tiiiine»9 until tbe autumn of |i>72. 
In April lt!7:! A^lilt-y wn» cn^al^ed Y^rl of 
Sliafte»hiiry. And in November bu U-eamti 
lord chuucelior, lie made Locku aecretary 
of presentations, with a salary of nlKW. u 
year. I^ieke liad to atieud to ilie church 
bu8iiiL'«<> cominff under thu chanoellora con* 
trn], and tn appear with th« chimcellor on 
Btnte occasions. When Sbafleshur>' delivered 
hw famous 'delenda est Cnnhafto' speech 
afrain^t IloUniid, Ijocke, od the tliird Lord 
Hliafleabiiry titates, lind to ntund at hi^ elbow 
with the written copy O-i pmmplnr. 

Tlnf roiuipil of lrad« was n*on»tnicted, 
with Shaftwbury u September 
ll572. J<ocko wa« at once cmplared in con- 
nection with it, and on lo (Vt. tf^7.H became 
siTn'tAiy, on thedealh of llenjninin Worsley, 
with a salary of 'jOOI., raUed al\er^va^da to 
fiOO/. a year, but nover paid, n* appear* from 
a petition made W him in 1118!). IlisdutiAa 
in ref^ant to all manner of colonial ()ue«ttonil 
occupied him for the next two yeari. II« 
M^em» to have bad aome thoiielitx of vteitinff 
America (Fox lloritXB. i. '2ff^), and he wma 
a &tuirebolder for eome time in a company 
formed to settle the Bahamas. The council 
of Imde wiiR di>i«n!v«l on 13 March 1674-6. 
Shaftesbury had been dUmisBed from otBee 
at the end of 1 673, and Locke bad no further 

Erospects of official eniploymeut. Sbaftee- 
tiry granted him an annuity of 1(X)/. at 
K-VBu yenrs' piircba«* (CuiilsTia, ii. 64) at 
the end of 1674, which, wiib his own pro- 
perly, enabled him to live in lo1emhl« com- 
fort, lie wax able to invest, varioum sumt 
by 1075, which pntves that be roust have bad 
an income superior to hi« wants (A. i.-l3I-2V 
IWidea hift duties in ofKee and mt a conli- 
doutial servant of Sbarienbiiry, l^ocke had 
various interests during; tbcM' yciurs. In 
.September lfi72 he paid a first visit to 
France, and after \us relum translated three 

«f NicoIe*» * Ettua de Monle,' wluoh b» ' 
jnnwnihvl to J.ailjr ShftitiMbury (edited br 
TbumM Hancock in 1838). A eorrMpoiid- 
vimi with an oM collc^ fheod, Wtlliam 
Alti-itfN-, wlin M^nt him Btariea of witrlicraft 
from Hwadsn, mud other friends, uliowed liU 
{oUffMi in mrel, or whu woald now be 
cnlM unthTaprAnptm] »tudiM(A. i. 24, Tor liU 
li*t fifbunkau^Mmtlie Wt'sL Indies). Atfiomt- 
<lAtiT,|fn>bnblr-Rbout lU'l (u LndyMaaham 
iwyi), fjci-urred the meeting of tneoAt at his | 
chamlMT, when « diacUMiion siwtrested tbeftrsi 
llioufrtil of biB gTPat bciok. His tifjJth wu 
almad.T w«ak. A fricndlv letter from Syden- 
liam,iin>b«bly«t theen^of I674,adviae«him 
Kl go to bed piiHy ■ml be VfTj tinnperaTi> and \ 
cnuliniut. Hb resotvod to go to ^fnotpt-Uw-r, 
Ib-^n fn^iuKUtlv visited by invalids, and in 
Nov-mlKT I'tT'f a«ktt(l Ic&Te of Rbaence from 
th<! (Ip'oii and ciiimuh uf Cbri^ Church. 

l.ockH Ml r>oiiilun on l-l Nuv. lOZ-'i, and 
travcll'id by PaHu, LyoDs. and Arignon to 
^oni{xitlier, which he rrsrh«<t nn Christ inns- 
day, III) Ataycl nt .MuiUiM-Ui<>r. M>ldoni 
litnrinfT it cxcciit fur a trip to Mamcille*, 
TihiIjjii, and Arurnou in the «i>nng of Itl7«, i 
■iHlil March mil. He then tramlled by | 
IViinlvaiix tij Piirii. wliicli U»: reached 2^1 May , 
Ui77 iKirf'i.i. I.'tl ), iift«r a delay on the road | 
caiiMKi bv a Mi-vuiv artark of uffue. He had , 
winiB to Vans in nrdur to take clwrgD, at the , 
rrHjiiml of Shaltmbury, uf a ihjii of 8ir Jiihii 
Iknlu, one of SbafiMbun,-'* city friwnda. 
U<ickt) itaywl with bis pupil in I'uns fur a 
yMir,aiidin June Ht7Kfltarti-d fur an inl^ndad 
visil U> llomi'. On r<iivhii>K Moat^ellier in 
Oclobfr lie wn* iilnnn<\l by accounts of the 
otal** of lh<< Alpitm }iaf>M>«, and ivtiirtied to 
l'hri« in NnvrnibiT. I[» slATcd th(<n> till 
Aliril Uf7ii, whrn hv niluniiMl to England, 
wiii'pij HliftfUrahiiry a^aiiL rvquirod his pro- 

I.ockB'atet1eni[iirliili'dliy Lord Kint;)sive 
ftome aecoiml of bit occ-npHti>:>n« in Krauce. i 
He look a ktwn intvroAt in n wide range of 1 
Miiliji<ct«. Ill] wmta tn Slmft.u8l)iiry ujton 
f(ardt<ntu{[> *^n(titi|{ him uboiuu plnntH, nnd 
wrtiiiijf an ciwrouMi of vim* and olive grovt- 
iti|;(tlr«i. publi«li«(l in I7llfl). M« wn^tf tn 
Ilovln n|K>iiNciontillniniitruini*Dt«. Ilttrifiitod , 
anliijiiilitMi, and imcnrijriitml tbn [loliticul | 
iin<i Dfb'T in«fitntii)nii of tho (yiimtry, iil- ; 
ttmdiiift u infi'linff uf llui stalva of Iinn;fui>- 
d<Mt el .Miinl|i<-lli<'r. 1I<< iti'Ltnnvl intu the | 
ml (J of wiifr>-'> and ""nnditiori of (bo lAlmuring I 
elnanua. At M•^nT|ll'lli^^ hn mndn iho nr- | 
(jiiiiintiitiri' of TitdiniiM l]»rbi'rl, iifliTWiinU 
ei^litb iviil iif l*i<mbmkD Ni. v.], to whom Iw 
d'-dioal'v] ilic ' Kwiiy.' He wa» known to 
lb<- niiibnsMiHnr at I'liria, lUljib M'>nlH(;ii<'i 
and bia wifu, iho CuuuI«<bii of Nurlhuiubur- 

land. He attmded the aiiiliawiiadu w io a 
neTere atiark. ibi' French phtfiieiimK havinjir 
lo6t her confld«ace, and obtaiuod an opinion 
on h«rcaa» from Svdt^oham. IK? fonnwl a 
warm (lieaubhip with Nirolaii Thoynard. a 
man of scientific and UnBtii^lic attauiuiL*nUs 
author of a * Uannonie at TEcriturv eainte' 
inoi publiithed till 1707), with whom 1m» 
kt-'pt up an alfertionale carrespondenee, now 
lu the Itritijh HtMeum. 

Shafr^bury, who had been in ihp Toww 
for a vfar fn>m Ketnuiry 1677, had been 
nutdv presdeat of the priry council juat 
b«fore Locke** return. Ilv wua disnit«««d in 
the following October, and ihn^w him<«lf 
into thv violent couneet which tiiially t-ndm] 
with liifi fiiRht Io Holland at the end of ltit*2. 
Locke was on his old u*ro» of intimacy dur- 
ingthis period. Ho wa^ocf'a^ionallyatCUrin 
Church or vi^itinjr his old humt* lu Somtrr- 
BPt. During 1U79 xnd 1B8(I he apeiit much 
of his time at Tbaoet Eloaae, now Shaftes- 
bury's l..tmdon TKsidti^re. He was rmpioyod 
to iakv- loclgiii^fl far Sbitft-csbury al Oxford 
during the pnrliamt.>nt which mt-t thvn! in 
March ltis],and it Beonii«that bo oftfTwarda 
resided chiefly al t tsfur*!, Slmfl^^hury havingf 
been af^iri arrtwtod, 2 July lli>'l. Ijocka fl 
during this period «u]>onnl^iidiMl the eduea- V 
tion of Shaft««biiry'!« grandson, afterward* 
thR third nirl, whn was nmler the tmuif>diat« 
chari^C! of Miw Bircli, and was iniicli uccu- 

ftint in Shaft<>sbury'i4 buiiiness. It Aoems, 
lowever. to he clwir thai be was not prirr 
to the plot* in which Shnftesburr engagea. 
.\ltliuuKb Locke was ln.>atud as a fnt-nd. and 
syinpatniied with Hhaftrabury'n p->litical 
opinion! w oppo»ed to popory and arbitrary 
government, it doc« not ap[i<-Ar ihat. be wu 
Bl any time In a uodtion to t-hani the poli- 
tical intri^ueft of liia patron. Thtj letter in 
which Shnftesbury explained to Locko the 
liistnry of tbe slop of the esrlieqiier, iuipliea, 
for L-xuniple, that I<ocko knew notliing of 
tha atlulr at the lime (CamsTtB. ii. 61— t). 
Locke solemnly dw^lared thai, he whs not tho 
ftiLllior nf any of llie pnniplilels nn behalf ot 
Shaf^^'^bury which hail betMi at1.rihulcd ti> 
liim (/&. i. :?6I). Locke by nwclenco nt 
Christ rhuFi'h chtwo the ratwt uaravourable 
of ull plK(v» fiir H plottfr fli^rainst church and 
lung. It was, liowrvur, nntiiral timi be 
•diouLd be picpowd to suspicion, aiid thai 
nnonvmoiiir piimpliletfi should be altributod 
to BO ahle ami attached a frii'iiil nf an ' Aclii- 
loj)tii-l.' Ho wnw. ill fat't. clust^ly watched 
and acruwil at (Christ Church of lissocittt ion 
wilt) riut> (if lhi> ti:!i.<ti(s in the Kye House 
plot (pHiDGArx, Ictter/f, p, 13!)). 

Ixickr hiid b<M'n Cimtinuina his philoso- 
phical epeoulatious, as ap^'^arsfroDi hi8 noto- 

H» hnd Altendpd iiom(> of hb friooiU 
plivisiciiiti. lie made trui4cri(>Lioiu! of 

! oi Svili'nl«m"« notes (publislied as 

*.\ji««dota n^ydcnhaniiaua,' by *>r. (ireflnhill, 
in IHi-'i: Mf Fos, ItovB-fB. i. 4.*)4>, mui liiwl 
bwfn pirpariiifjliifi'Treatiiie on Oortnim^ui ' 
iiillJ'^lorlO'^:?, The uT(iwiiiBsuftpifioii»,liow- 
<vef, determinol him to maKt? hiii r-srapti, «nil 
h(> left Knfft&iMt in tliu nulumii uf HS'S-i. He 
wwsrHm iu llolliiiid,if h«didnot goltiither 
^lin.'Ctly.iunlwfcisappowd.aocordiiijrtn l,jniy 
luni, to tx- tli>> ttiiTliororMime immjiiilulA 

It tli^iiee tu Kiiiiliind. Oil Nov. 1684 

^QttnderlAiul deftmi) J»hu Toll (lt)l2o-168tf) 

Tq. T,'. the dean of Chrint Churcli, lu vkt^\ 

1>Kk>^ fmm hi' itTtiil<^iii.4iip. Fell rc'{)liucl 

1 bat ntthoii^h l^uckv tuid \kvh closely wulcbeJ 

' far Jirers vwire," no i'ii« in the collejf^ had 

tieiml him ept-ah a wonl for or ngain-tt iJih 

gu\t'rmiienl. There was nnf, lie said, in tht' ' 

wiirld * Auch ■ master of tncituruity luid pos- 

•ion.* A» Locke wii* abstiit on account of 

tu>alth, and, * aa hnlding a pliysicianV place,' 

nnt ^ubji-o Lu the ordmary ruu^iiUliniu, liu 

coutd only euiniuon him to return, and on 

refiual expvl him for contumacy. Thn letter 

onW pTO(l(n*ed a jperemptorj' order ( 1 1 Nov. 

1I>S-I) fur LiickeH expuUiun. and K-U re- 

pOTl«d on the ItUli tlmt it had bi^n ohtyd. 

Locke by Jantiary HlHl waa ai Ainsier- 

<lam. whctR he renewed an no)(iftiiitauce 

mailt.' in I'nri* with I'eter Ciiienellan, a phy- 

aicioo of eauncncu. Aft«r arUil to Iveydon 

«iid elsewhere in (be auliimn he retnnifKl to 

Anuterdnm to find Fell'ii BUintnoiiH. He 

•uou KHve lip a tirtt intt^ntion of obevingtb« 

xunmions. anil pa»t)edMiut^iiiijnth>at t'trecht. 

The mors wr» duo to hi« anxi«*iy lo arnid 

mny appeorauee of complicity in Monmouth's 

iiMnrm-iion. iThaTxwku mentioned in tbe 

coafowion of Forde Grey i_q. v.] of Werk a« 

contributing to Mi>nm»nt)i'fl esnen.iefl was 

nn anabnptist. Nirholas I^wk or l^>cke; aw 

Mu'iLLAt, Histortt, i. 54<i.) The Kn^rlish 

*i\TOTlo Hollaud on IT Mny Id-todemaudwi 

the t^xtradition of eighty-fnur plotlurs, in- 

rludio^ Lucke. Ivuvkv rel univd from 

t'trecht to lire in conce*Jinent Bt Ani«»!r- 

dam. in the bouw of Onenellnn's fatbcr-iu- 

liiw. Dr. Ktvn, Meanwhile William I*enn 

and IahI Pembrt>ke applied to Junes II. 

who declared Liji difbt-bef in th« r«porta 

ngiiinat Ixicke, and offered to reC-'ive him. 

Jitirke, however, derlined'to be pardoned, as 

lu* hitd committn] do crime {X^Z CLtRC I. and 

after a sbon visit to Cleve, where nn nlll^reil 

naylum pntred imsaf is facto rr, rulumt-d to 

Acnflenlam, anil lived in Keeu'e liouite at 

• i>r. Van d-rr Linden.' A f«»h demand in 

3ktay IttSrt for the surrender of .Mmimoiithn 

accomplices did not include Lockv'a uauio. 

I.ocka was now able lo rnve up his dl^uisc, 
but stAyed at Keen's houst;, oiakiiiff aiiothfir 
visit to'Tlrecht in the last part of I<Jn«, till 
in Kebrimry l(i87 he settled al l<j)lt(irdani. 
Here he wa» near the Ilnfrue. and wiia inti- 
mMe with M'lrdaunt, nRerwards Earl of 
Peterburoujih. AVilliain's chief adviser upon 
Kn^lisli aA'airs. lie hecame known to Wil- 
liam and 3lajy, who Icaml lu vulue him a» 
he deeerv«d. At Itotlerdain he lived with 
the qtiiker merchant, Benjamin KuHy [a, v.] 
I.ockR was welcomed by a di^linjrui.ihed 
liteniry circle iu Holland, and actively itni- 
ployed himself in wriline. lie wiia presi- 
dent of a little club, called 'Tlie Ijintem/ 
which milt at Fnrly'H house to drink ' mum ' 
arid di.->^cti^!# phibi^opby. IIU ehii-f frientla 
were at Am"erdaiw. lie wiio especially 
iniimatewiih Limborch, remonrtmntprofe*- 
4or at .AmHtenlam, and the author of ' Thec^ 
loyitt CbrisiiAua ' nud ' JUittury of the In- 
qni^ilioti.' They ii\'mp«ilhi8ed upon reli^ioiu 
queslions, and Wpt up an aH'cctionate corre- 
Fi|iondenre diinufc l^eke's life. He also 
became known to I^e Clerc, to whom Lim- 
borrli ini r«iilui'i>d him in the winter of 17&5- 
1 7^. lyjckc bad been interested in L* Clerc's 
aneiwer to the P^re Simon upon Old Te«ta- 
inent criticism. Locke contributed eome brirf 
pajvers, includm^r bin well-known plan of a 
coniiuititLpluce book, lo 1* Clerc's new jniimal, 
the ' nibliolliiijue l'ni\er*'IIe." Tht* ' I'Nsay,* 
wliich he liad ap[>nreully he^uii about 1071 
(Kino, Life vf Vx-ke, LlOt. had boea taken 
np al intervals, fie had worked ii|)on it in 
France, and in ]((7fi spoke of it lo Thoynard 
u 'conii.let.-d ■ (Fox liofKNE. ii. 97). Thii 
wai prolwblya pn-maturc fltatemr<Til. Now, 
howe\er, hi.- brouplil il into order, luid pre- 
paTe<] an epitome which np|jeunr<l in the 
' Bibliolheqwe Univer-elle ' for January 
10^7-.'* «.^ ' Ktrmit d'un libro AnirlniA, qui 
n'cct pftscncori' piibtif-, intitule, Ef«ai Philit- 
90phK|Ue concemanl I'eiitendeuieut, oil I'on 
moiiire quelle etit I'^tendue do aos con- 
nnix'inncvJi certnines el la maniftre dont nou» 
y parrennns; coininuni()U(> par M. Locke.' 
Some copiw, according to I-e Clerc, were 
separately printed. 

I'lMin Hie revolution Ixicktf returned to 
Kn4;ianil in cuuipany with Mary and l.^dy 
Mordiitiut. sending a most nfTfcttonate fare- 
well toLimborch. Tie landed al <<reenwich 
l-J Feb. leWi It. On 20 Feb. William IH 
offervJ, through Mordaunt, to send Locke on 
a mission to the elector of Crnndeuburg. 
Ixicke d«:Uned thii» and other ofl'er* with- 
out liottitntiiin on liie irniund uf in^ulticient 
hc-iiltli. lie L'OUM'nted, however, lo become 
commisaioner of appeals, with 'iXOi. a year, 
akaudouiug his claims for his salary t» )U>cr»> 




tWT to Xh» OOOBCil of tnd« Oa aAMMIBt of 

tlM* emptiaaM of tba exelwqaBr. H« aiaa 
atiBadaoed • petittos far bU P B rto ra t Jop to 
tha ChrUt Cbardi iCiadciBtali:^ flofiif tbtf 
It would duturb tbe ndeCr ud duplan hii 
gnrffwnr (ak U. 199). Hr h^'ld tb<* mm- 
Misnonenhip of npeala till bu de«tfa, when 
he ma eac««d«<l t>T Adduoo. TlM place 
ms almcwt a ftin<-c»n;, tboiurh it ocouaotk- 
»lly gave him some ocrupaUoa (A. iL 345). 
lie •rttled io OoD^t Court. Chjuinel How, 
Waatmiiiator, aoon aft«T hb return, and 
irfkcmwds took tone rhamben io FUnoolit's 
Inn Fields, which Iw ddIt occupied oeca- 
aioaally. He found the Ainoke of LondoB 
tmfavonrablp to Lis ketdtb, and ^m the 
•prinfi of IfWI bf*nmt" ilomipiled at Oalra, 
in the pnrisli of Hifjb Ijurpr, tlstex. Tiie 
arwB«rwaa8ir Francis MaAhjun,who«e»eCDad 
wife waa Damaria. daughter of Ralph Cud- 
worth. Eflward (.'larke n{ ( *hiplcr m Somrr- 
•pt wa« a common friend of Lockt> and tht> 
Coilworthx. Aeorreapondencebetwwn Locke ! 
and Clarke from 1S@1 which the 
Cndwortha are fr^iiicntly ineniiooed, is now 
in poaaewion of Mr. Sanfonl uf Nyofltioad, 
Taunton (mx Fr&kKK, pp. 01 -i* ). Locke had 
be«n aoquiint«d with Ijidy Mashiun, th«R 
onmarri'Kl, bofore bin slay in Holland. Tlie 
fitinilv now included ber mollipr, hiT »tt!p- 
daiii{lit4>r E^thor, and her »on Francis to. 
1680); and Locke waa on the mrm affi-c- 
tioiMtc terma with litem all. Hv oarrii'd on 
a playful correspondence with Kwtlier. whom 
be called hia I^udahndui, Irom the romance's 
which she oecaitionally read to him, and for 
the re«t of his life livei) nmonf( an sitaohod 
doniMtic circle. I^cke paid '20e. a week as 
board for bimMlf and nia servant, whose 
wa|{ea were 20*. & qiinrt<>r. He k(>pt liis ac- 
ooonu moat systwmnli cully (etM.* ib. pp. ^19- 
2S6, with BORie inteiVGting extnicU iraiu tliu 
* l.oTelacii Papers '). 

lie now for tbi> flr<)t iim» became a piililir; 
author. The ' Kti*av 'fol' which thi* di-dicji- 
tion i* cistod May iW9) nppearcd early in 
HUH). Lrtcko recoiv^-d HO/, for thi- cotiy- 
riitht cf I hi- fintl. [-{jitioii. Tliu iKxikselU'r 
afl-in-wnriU ftgrntul t>i i^ire hiio »U bound 
co|ii4>M of every siihseqiieiit e'liiion, and ten 
shilliTigD for every aclditinnnl »heet (Kiso, 
ii. Mi). Tha bfirffniu miut have been re- 
munrrative io the publisher. A secood 
wJili'in wiw nilleJ for in Augiist 1*19l' ; 
IjOf'kf'" ult^'mliniw iinJ the slowmms of tbe 
\tTwt Helavei] itn iipjieiinince till the auiuinii 
of 1(504, wliun the udilitionH wt-realao printed 
Mparatf^lv. A thinl edition, iilmost a re- 
ptiiit itf the accoufi, npjv.-or.-il in June lflH.1; 
and n (i)urlli, HK«iii dirofidly revifieil <wirli 
tuiw chiipters on iho ' jWiucnatiou of liltiitn ' 

and ' EnthiuiAsra \ in tbe autamn of I 
(datml 1700). A Kfth edition, with a few 
corrections by Lorke, appeared p'inlfautnoariT 
in 1706. A French etbtion by Pierre Caste 
fq. v.] appearad at Amsterdam in 1700. A 
i>«tiB tmiwlatian by Kichard Barrid^, 
Irish clervymaD, be^in in ItiMJ, apprar»d 
1701. The ' Essay' had aln-ndy been 
commended for nndents at Trinity Col' 
Dublin, by the provost, St. Ueorf^ .\«f)» 
[q. v.l, in 1603; and an ahridfrm'^ut for iho 
OM of Modenta was prepared bv John Wyooe, 
afkwwaida bidiop of St. Asapn, with Locke'a 
approral, and pnbliBbed in 1090. The I 
of eoUeovs at Oxford a^nved in 1703 
tutors would not read it with thetr 
(i/i, i. .%7-9>. The prohtbilion swms toliaT 
acted only a» an additional odrertiaem 
Thaw dates an sulScient to abow tbot 
of the vorkM which have made epoeba 

C"iili»»nphy have made their way so rapiJly. 
kVv liecame at once the Ifiidiutf philos'ipt 
of the time. Other worksof more imjwiliat 
application confirmed his antboril^. In th 
autumn of itSAT} I>icke hadaddreaaDd to« 
burcli a lei ter upon *ToIetatioo,'an es[ianition 
of his early * Eftsay* (see above). His friend 
Tyrrell hnd urgie*! him to publijih in a U-tter 
dated It May lli^7 (■&. i. :U;J),a« appropriate 
to the polittcnt i^tuatioii. It waa, onwever, 
first pUDlisht^d in I^atin ns'Kpistola do Toh*- 
rantia'in Hollaud, probaMvbv<orch,in 
ilietipriui:of HW!». Xn ICn^fiAh tranHlalionby 
William t*i>piilHappiarwl inthesameauttimi 
French and Uulcb translations bAVing been 
already issued. I^ocke was curiniuly audoi 
to proi*«rve his anonymity upon this occasion, 
and bis only angry letter to Limborch wa9; 
caused by bearing that his (nend bod re-: 
veiJerl (he secret to two of liiit intimates 
(i/i. ii. 2(Hi)- Two further letlere, in aiiHwcr 
to attacks by Jonnt> Pruast, followed in IfJUU 
and li^2: and n fourth, beffim in 1704, wa* 
interruined by bisdfnth. llis 'Two Trea- 
tiw« nf ('iovemmeni ' werv [lulili^lied early 
in I*f90. Irficke says that they were the 
bi'trinninc and <.-n'] of a diBcoiinw, of which 
tbe middle Itnd ln-iin tost. Thn fin<t ib an 
attack iipnn Sir Itobert Kilmerf*!. v.],wha5« 
' I'ntrinToha ' was publiohed in U*W. and one 
or bulb of I-nckejt tn-att.«('H were probably 
written about tliiit liuic, Ilis own urin- 
ciple*, he "ays, were fully viiidtcatiiu by 
W illiiim III. J-«ck«'e the<i?iee, ae expwsnell 
in llifsp treatiM'H and in thp irHern upon 
'Tolfrnlloii.' siipplieil tho whif^ with ihfir 
IHilitirnl philosApliy for the n«xt rit-nturv; 
and nLtlioii^fh IntTh In; and hisfo11owi>r«wvre 
rnnli'til with a parlitil applirntinii, tbev 
in fact laid the 1bimdali«in nf the niott* 
Ihorouj^lij^'oingdoclrinfsof IJcmliom audthc 





Ulwniilicala. Iiith(>spnniroflU9r>)iisfrlftid' 
Kiiwanl Clkrke. M.P. for Tsttnton, rca>l Minii* 
noi« opon the liconsinif oils nt s cdnieri'iK-e 
betwtvii (ht* !i'>fi«-«<>f iKirlrnmi'til, whirh are 
attributuil to L>x^ki'. Tliuy It'd to tliu al»u- 
<loaiD«ut of tho me&^ure (Kiyo, L 375-^7; 
Fni B.«-H5E, ii- ai.l-ia MaraulsT, ISBO, 
Tii. ItWit., is unwilling to ttilmit: LocWfi ftu- 
thunbip, except u putting into KliaM> tlit* 
opinions of otoen. It is ascribed to Locke 
in lb« Vi-afixmatx of iWNov. 17;JI). I^ocltp'a 
tnntuc iii»fjii ilic * Ke*j»oiubii;iic»'' of diritt- 
tiiuuly,' piibliKbuJ in llit>5, nnx vuhiriDviitly 
stTacked. fvpeclally by John E<lward8(lWJ7- 
irifi) Ui- T.], to whoin Iyi»ok.> ivplied in twu 
' Vimirt-aioiis' {\mh iiii>) Ui1»7). In this 
wurit ■>(• struck tbt' kejnota of tliv most ^ 
popular tlifologr of the eighteenth wniurr 
■u rv-pn'sentetl l»oth by the dfjsta Bilci Ih« 
lalittijioarian i]ivini->. lu tlteoloj^, ua in 
[dtIlovO|>liT and putitic^, lii< waa llie teacluir 
of mtnr oii«iplo» «^bo dtvw frotn liii< works 
eoaclusHnu Irom whii-h \w »brank, ami bi» 
inflnenM wu the frmitiT becaaoe ht> did not 
porooiTe the natural tendonctes of his own 

Between tlieee work? ai>pi^«rwl (1G93) his 
ezo>Jt'^t little trealiav ' Uu Education.' It 
wu til** sab«tance of Bome k-tier^ writteo 
from )(oHii[|d in lij84 to liis frivui) l-Mwanl 
Clarke. IIt> hKtl spoken of tlifm \n Thtmaa 
Uolyiieu.i:.lbvuMudyiuxni>.-diciiiual l^t-vlttn , 
■nd now ■ physician at Dublia. William ; 
Moljneux '<]. r. J, brother of Tbomoa, liadMnt , 
to I..ocke a ropy (A hiii ' l>inptrica Nova ' ( l(r02 ], 
to nbicl) ibitn- wii» a wnnu eocuraium upou 
I>tcko'» ' ICway.' A conwpondt'nce begnn, 
«nd it wiia at the inslancL' of Molyneris, 
who bad luurd froDi bisbmiherof tbt! Iftters 
to CUrk«-. and who hud an onW son now 
motberlt^iH, thftt tb« 'I-^ucntion was pot>- 
JubwI. Jklolroaux dun'nf tho real of his lifo 
was ].orke'a most enthueia^tic dtsctple. He 
cent him QuiiiTftU|?|;^f^tion9 for improvements 
in tbi? ' Ruav, an't btri atf-c'l ion was fully rtv 
tumfil by hii« miDftL-r. 

Tb" dfjiri-eial-i'^n of the currency wa« now 
CAueini; Mriou^ anxiety. At the end of 1691 
I^ickr liad written a loiter lo a tnpm)><>r of 
parUament (no doubt Somnrs), in wbicli ho 
•mbodicd Mine remarks itTitlen twuoty ycuxs 
««rGer udod lowering the rale of interest, and 
discu»«Hl nlsoiliecurri-ncy question. In th^ 
iirxt part \iv autiri|Htled much that was ton^ 
*ft«rwardi put with unanswerable force by 
B«nthain. The currency oue^lion became 
more pr»>asinff. Lockn and Newton were 
ccnuulted bv Soment and Munln^uu (a(tvr- 
wardaLord^lifiuc). Locke wrote two pom- 

Shiels in IflOo, the lost of which, written at 
onxfr;*'? request in uuwer to a pamphlet by 

Willtoni Lowndes'*!]. T.*-, secretanr lothe trai- 

surj', iipj»'iirwl in Iteceiuber, Locke ftbowed 
eouclutiivcly the fiiElncy of the KhciDei pro- 
posed by liowiuleaandoliienifiii'anallemtinn 
of the standard, and the bill uasied in April 
IfilKi for the restoration of Uw coinage naa 
in f>uli»tAntinl accordance with \w princiidc-a 
(see full account in MArAtri.Ai's//M/>jry), I'lio 
snundDi::.<i8 of ht-1 rcAMtiing U|K)u thi'M qure- 
lion^ )7ive« lyocke & permuneut place among 
I be fuundors of politiiMil economy, and hi* pan- 
dered at the time a great praencai s<Tvici\ 

A DewcouDcilof trade was Aiuudod in tlis 
iKOiVs i-prin^'.and IxK'ke wa4 appointed mem- 
Irt with u >alHr>' of I.OOOf, a year by a nnli'nt 
datt^^d lo Mny Itj9fl. Somem, who liad l>it'n 
hisfriend since lt!8t> (at latent ).niid frvquenlly 
consulted him since, nnibnbW rpoommended 
him fur a jvjst, to wliictL his strrncf^ fully 
entitled him. He hesitated to acn-pt it un 
account of his now failing b<^attb, but when 
appointed dincliar^edit^tdutiea i<n>-rgt'l!cu1lr. 
It met thric*, and aftL-rwanls Ave timeis a 
wwk. From 1690 to KOU l^icke atlendetl 
uesrly all the meetings in the summer and 
anttinin, and whr'.n cnntiacd to Oatos during 
lh(^ oihiT iiioutha was in constant communi- 
cation with his coU«agU«a. lie was the WMt 
energetic member of the body. His health 
forced him to propoM- tn rwign in the winI*T 
of li'i9t>-7, but he withdrew the rnqnest. im 
Somers'e earnest I'emoDitrancv. IWido^ many 
invest igBtioiLS into fjiiestioiu of colonial 
trade I^nckewas eapectally inten-Mted in two 
propuevd mtmeures, for which lie prepnn-d 
elaborate pious. It was geiH-rally undurprood 
that thi' Irish were not to Iw allowed to 
mmpeI^? withtb*; Kuf-lish woollen trade. and 
I,.ockeadopled this doctrine without questi^m, 
lie drew up. however, in l(Ji*C, a very camful 
111 Ireland (j:iven inKoi UorRNii, ii. ;W3-72t. 
Notlun^ canio of this echetne, which was 
suptTseded in 189H by th«t of I.ouiB Crom- 
melin Tq-v.] Locke consulted Mol^iiieuxon 
tliB plan, ami when in lO&iS Mulyneux wrote 
his famous iwuiphlt-t a^nst the Riiglii'h 
tn^ntment of IrL-lnnd, he counted upon Locke's 
f^ympntby. In l({t)7 l.ocke pn?parec[ aiKither 
E-luburate and curious scheme, also destined 
lo be abortive, fur a complete reform of the 

rr laws (A. pp. 377-91). vo^toude were In 
mure Btrictly rv^strained, and wor^oiues 
and schools forlheemploymeul of adultaond 
children established in erary perish. Tlte«e 
schemtA.which sn vonr rather 01 slatesocialism 
than modem pohtical eeonomv, barmonised 
with the contemporary plans oftwu of I»cke*a 
friends, Thoouu Finmu fq. v.] and John 
Ciuy (rf. 17-W) [q. T.] 

Locke's health, already weolcened, Mems 





to tinve bet'ii pormiuiL'nlly injured by his 
oWdionce tn n. request of WiUiam III. IIo 
WHS Riitldi'iilyHiimmfliiK^l tol'iwnonawinter 
day, S.'lJdti. IW)7->*. til 8*?!* tlio liiiig. Tlu^ 
kin); pru]ius>il 1o liim ecitni? itD^^ortant vui- 

5loTiiK?nT, wliicK his health forced him to 
iiflino. Jlr. Vox liournt' BUfjp'.*(a thai lie 
niav liiivo bocti n«ni«-^1wi to ncfoiii jinny \hn 
0UKe of PoriUnd's eiabiL^v to Fr^cf al'uT ■ 
tbe peace of Uysnrick. Yhis muBt be un- I 
oiirbiun. I^rke mntiniipd in werve on iKb ' 
commisitioD till June 1 7W, ulit-n bi' nv<if{iied, ' 
rofuRinp to retain an ofKcu of io mucb pro- ' 
fit witnout boiiiff ablf to attoiid more fro- I 
qiienlly, nltboiigb asitured by thi* Jiing tlint > 
he iiiijriil attend na liltlf »» bo ^IrtuuHl. I 
Locku's ofliciul Uhcmr* loft Hltlo iHisuru for I 
pbil«wi|diy. Ho bud. Iiowt-ver, n sbarp ivni- I 
tniverHv with Siillin(rHwt, binlmti f>f Wor- 
oostur, 111 \(K>7. Tlie drUt ToWnil h»>\ |iiib- 
lished in IfillC hi* 'Chri«tauily not ^[y*- 
terioas.' Tlie Ijook, which g^vt- gTvntoUVtiri?, 
proflElSSnl (witbAnnifl n-BHnii) Tn lap nn nmjti- 
eation to tbc\iloi;y of IxicWh iihikMtiiihy. 
StillinpHo>-'t, in n ' Vindic&tion of the Doc- 
trine of tUp Trinity.' attacked I-ocke and 
Tolaikd an common adversariw. Ijocrke, who 
was not a lillle irrttnt<?d by Tolaiid'a claim 
to ]>bilo«o|>iiicAl fttlinity, ivpliwd to Sliilitip- 
flwt with coTisidijnibllu a^tp'Tity, and in an- , 
swer t<i Stillinjrflfftt'fi n;-jniiidi'rs wrWo iwo 
(itbLT rL>plie!> ill 1(11)7 and \fi99. Thuy am | 
of interest as illiutratin^ points in Locke's 
ti^Acbinir. After rwujrnmjr his nost IjOrke 
tivvd at Oul4>A, in f^raduolly (ailm? bfultli. . 
Hi* wrote his ' PamphniaM ' of St. t'nul's 1 
Kpistles and one or two fingmeiil^, pub- I 
lij*lt<_>d nfU^r liisi death : hut he had done his 
lifi-'d w<irl£. His friii-nd ilulynirux saw kira 
for the finit tiiaB in 169S, and spent five 
wtf^kv with him in Ivondcti and at O&tM, 
hut die<l on 11 Oct. in ihc same year, t^itke 

f'rtifoiind sorrow of the sur\'ivor. Olbrr 
rivtids werenot wanting, PeterKiuff [q-v.], 
an»rwards lonl chancfllor, krni»u»ou of 
IiORke'fl iinrl<>, Fetor lovke, bemrae almost 
an adop4ed child, and vim in ctMittlnnL com- 
mitnication wiih him in the Wt years. An- 
thiinr Collins I q.T.l, afterwards known by bis 
dei<!ticnl wrilinfpt, nudo Lncke's aiNiiiainl' 
iLiico by i 70:1, mid was nn most alfootiuiiatu 
t«nn« with him till the end. A commoa 
friend of ly>eke and Collins vas Sunutl 
nolde [q>v.], who had defended snme of 
Z»cke't work. In 1701 Locke wa» slill able 
to five m«dical advic« to wnna of his (oxir 
neiirbboum. In Sept«mbor 1704 b» gives a 
moAt ai)p>><i«ing order for datntiaa bitendn) 
for a KMt on occasion of Klag't marrio^t. 
lie vr«« becominir very woak, though no 
failing of iotflUect or aSectiona could be ob> 

served. Ilavinfr lon^ bean unable to go to 
church, he received tlie sacrament at kii 
hoiisp from clieclerjryraan, Soon afterward?, 
on '27 Out, 1701, be wiu* iiniibK- to rise: but 
on th(! ilSth be lUiked to he dresKed. Lady 
MoshttRi mefinwhile read the psalms at kit 
n^qucst. AVhile she waa rfodinif he hecAme 
rL'i^i li.->i,s, miMid his hatids t-o bi^ nyv and 
di^d ((uietty. no was buried, ts he had 
directed, with the least p06sible show, in 
(he chnrphyard at Hiph Ijiver. A Latin 
euiCapb wriltun by liiuntelf U plaoKl on tbe 
cimreh wall. The tomb was restored and 
enclosed in a. railing hv Christ Church in 
IHlStJ. Lock.^ Lift. 4,.Vi.V. of pemmnl pm- 

twrtv, iM-sidt-a bookH and ikmie other oliject*. 
le Uft 3.0(K>/. to Francis Musb&m ; 100^ to 
the |K)or of High leaver, and lOOf. to tbe poor 
of Pnbhtw and Pftnsford ; besides legacies to 
I^ndy Muifhain and Collins. Ilisbooki* were 
dirided belwe<-n Frftncis Masbam and Wter 
King. The l>Doks left to Klnr and tbe matiu- 
fu-ripl.s are nnw at flckham, in poRseflsion ot 
Ijora Lovi^'lace. His SomerMt property was 
dirided IxMweeii King and Peter Stratron, 

Knellor painted Lockf's portrait in 1097 
for Molyneux and again in 17UI for CoUina. 
Two early i'K)rtrait» are at Nyoehead. A 
portrait by Kneller is at Chrijit Cbumb, and 
one by Tbomoa Gibson (llt-0?-175I) [q.v.] 
ill tbe Bodleian. Ponrail.-* by Kiwller are 
also said t« be at Ilamplon Court and Knola 
Park (see TuoRXB, Environs of London, pp. 
:n 1,409). 

I.rocke> works are : 1 . ' .Meihrnle nou\*ellij 
dednoBserdeaRecueils,' in the' Uibhotbequo 
Cboisie,' July 1066. English translutious in 
\f&7 and later aa 'AXew Method of making 
Commonpluea Books.' 3. *F.pi8iolade ToIe« 
rantio,*- 16S0; ^>^"b translation i by W. 
Popp1e> alto ID 16^ A ' Second If^ttercon* 
cemiiig Tnlernlion' appeared in 16!t», onda 
thini in I<t90, both »igiie<l 'PbiIaiU]iropiJU>t,' 
ftndreplyingtoaltnckiby JonaaProast. Tho 
fragment of a fuurth was fir«t published in the 
'Posthnmouit Workis' I7()ti. 8. * An Essay 
conevmiu); Humane Understanding,' 1680 
(for early edition* see abo%-e ; twenty cdi- 
, tions appeared by the end of tbe cighte<-nth 
{ ci>ntiiry; the French tmnslation appeared iu 
17tX); ttH* Latin in 1701; Oennau transU* 
tinns in 17&7, and edited bv T«iuu)auuiii« 
I7^W). 4. •TwoTreatiseaaTOonnuBeat. 
Tn tbe former tbe False Prinetpilee and 
Foundal lou of Sir R. Filmer and bi» foUowera 
are dftecte<l and overthrown : the latter U 
a Trvati^' conc-ming tbe true original ex- 
ten! and end of l^vil liovemment," 1B90. 
A. 'SomeCV>as>iWatioa»ofiheconse(iueiK«s 
of Irf>wering tbe InteiVAt and ICaifting the 
Value of Money in a Letter wnt to u Mam- 



her of I^riiAinent in tlie Yenr Ift9l,' imiS. 
^ '8omd Thou;;lil)t concerning Educatiuu,' 
1683; 14tb editionin 177-'; irnnslim*d into 
Krsnch, Qennan^ and Ilaliiut. 7. ' The Rwi- 
vooaUenms of l'ltrl^litulity an detiveceil in 
tiM 3aip4iirvs.' 1095. A' Viudicalion'of 
tlu« *from Mr. Edwanb's Jt»,-»!t*ctions* •(>- 
iMttred in 1096, and a ' Semnd VindtL-atlun ' 
iu 1(IB7. The *Kinwpti(tng of Mr. FJwnrdR 
. , . (fxammed * ( l(Jt>ijJ ha* btH;ii crroucouiil v 
kltriUutcd to l^vkf.J.'*. Short. nhs^Tvntioni 
an a printetl uippr. entitled ' Knr Eoruitrag- 
iag llw Cotuini; 8i)v(>r Moiiev in Kn^Uinil 
and Kvt-ptQK il tbvre.' 9. ' rurther Oun- 
fiJcrnlions concming Itaising thr Value of 
Money ; whvrein Mr. Irfiwndes's arfnunsnte 
far il io hi» InM " li<^|>on. concerning the 
Am>>D(liii«nt of iho Silver Coin " ore particu- 
Urlr i-itamini>J,' liiflS.lin. • l,ftt<T to Ihc 
Jtiflii lU'Vfrvmi F>lwBiwrSiillingfliH?tj,Lonl 
])i»h'jl) of Wiircuaier. concwriiinff some Pa** 
eap^ rvhuin^ lo Mr. Locke's " Easay of 
Hit man L~D'l>'nitiin<iin('" in a httv Diiicoiirsi? 
<if Ill's Ixirhhip inVinilicationof llieTrinitv,' 
ltlW7. ' Mr.<;'a Iteplv to the Biahop 
of W'otCf'iX^r'i Aii*wor to nu ljctt*r' (Vitn 
■ piwtscript) appeurml in 1A97, ami 'Mr, 
Jjonkf's Itrnlv tn the Bishop's AnfiWOT Io 
liuSccood L>tt«r'in 1»W. 11. 'A Tara- 
jihnu^ and Ni>l** on the Kpigtle of f^t. Paul 
To the Golatian^, the firsT and wMWiid EpU- 
t\e* to ihv Oiniitliian^, and the KpistW to 
the Itomans and Kuht^ian*,' with an ' R»»ay 
fur tbtj undcretandiiig of St, l'*ul> I^jilittW 
liv wmanltinir St. Pan! himwlf,' app<>nn-d in 
fiixpftrt-sin I7(K'», 17'»»,anil I7tl7. 1:;. 'Pos- 
tbumoite \V()rk«.' ]7ill>, coiilaiiiinjr (1) *An 
examination of I'ere Mn1<-bruiiche'« opinion 
of aecinfT all thinca in God ' (wriltt-n about 
10:i4-.'>); (2)'l)f theOmdurtofthernder- 
atandinir' (writtfu almut 1*597 for a uev«' 
chapt«r in the ' E<«iy.' w-parati'lypiiblishL'd 
in UfrJ and later) ;" (A) '.V D^iscourse of 
Miracles' (writl'-n I7(>"-'-;!); (J^'Fragmcnl 
of Fourth l^'tttT on ToWration ; ' (0^ ' Me- 
moin relating tn Shaftr-shurv ; ' (0) 'I'Inn nf 
a Commonptani B'tok.' 1^1. ' Homi< Familiar 
Iwt^ttKTii brtwewi Mr. l^ocke and seventl of hia 
Friend-.' 1 7CW, 14. * Itemain*' (1714) ; one 
of diril's pintrical collwtions of triflo*, in- 
clii'linx- a letter UjKin Pitrocki*. 15. ' A Col- 
lectiiin of ftevenil |ii.'ce* i>f Sir. John l^ndce, 
pabUflhed by M. l*o» Maiscaux iind«-r the 
dir*<'tion ^f Mr. Anthony Collina,' 172<>, 
eont&ininf^ (1) 'llip FiiiidHmt<ntal (^lonHti- 
tutioiu of ('iiniliua' (sre above); CJ) * It*- 
inarki upon Mime o{ Mr. Xoirii's Books 

niiio,' &e. i (SI ' Kleint'nts nf Xalnrnl Phiiii- 
•tiphy' (publiolird at-poratvly in 17-J0(; 
ii) 'Some Tbou|fht4 concernin}; Heading 

and Studyfor a (9>;ntloraan ;' (H) ' Kniee of 
a Socifty which inut omt; a wvA for tboir 
Iraprnvflineiit in Useful Knowledge.' Anotier 
BL't of rules for a society of 'Pariti(^ t'hri«- 
tiaus' i.<i in Kiii^.ii.O-'l-". I(5.'UlMLTVBttoiw 
upon lUe Growth ... of Vines and Olives 
. . . ,' 1 7tJii I edited byC.S.") 17. Discouraeii 
Translated frtim Ntdile's • t^^asays,' wiitpd by 
Thomaii Tlancork. M.H., iMiS (»oe above). 
1$. ' Original Letters of Locke, Algemua 
Sidney, and Lord Shaftesbury,' bvT. l-orater, 
IHSCl. 19. ' Anecdota Sydenl^iana/ edited 
by l>r. Oreenhill. rmtn a tnaniiKcript in the 
Bodleian, 1^4 and 1947. For Locke's abara 
•ee Fox Bourne, i. 454. 

Locke (see above) implicitly deniwl the 
authorship of the ' Letter froiu a IVrwjn of 
Quality . . . giving an ai^oouiit of the De- 
Ixiti'S ... in the lloune of Lord^ in April and 
May U!7o:' first given as hiis in the col- 
lection of I"2)J; 'The lliatory of Nariga^ 
tion,' prefixed lo the * Colloctitm of Voyagea ' 
jiiiblislied by Awnjthmn CUurcbill [q. v. I in 
1701, wad not by bim. Both, however, are 
published in hln ' Works.' 

The following have been a»crib«d to him, 
butared'Hibifnl: 1, 'FiveLetteraoonccniing 
ibo Inspiration of the llolv Seriptiires' 
(IranMated from Lo Clerc). I(t90. 3. 'The 
lliaitiry nf our Saviour Jo»im Chrint related 
in the Wonia of Scripture,* I7Uo(argtimeDU 
for bis nulhorgliin in Otmt. Mnij. 179H. p. 
llflS). 3.*SeUH!t Moral B<Kiksofihet)ldTi»- 
lament and Apocrypha ParapUraaed.' 170(1. 
4. * Diftpourse on the Ixiveof (ind.'in «n^*wer 
toNorris^fttioiuir-ribi'dtoWbithy). Ti. ■ Uight 
Mi-tbml of SearchiDgafterTrulh.' Hi. ' Itecu- 
siortal TboughtB in reference to a Virtuoujt 
and Chri.itian Life.' 7. '.V Cooimonplarn 
Book in reference to the Holy .Scriptiiroa.' 
l'(97. 8, A version of ' .V^nat Fables.' 

In 1770 William MoAA fq. t.] pwhlUhnd 
a 'Commenlarb'' on thi> Bible. pi-ofeaMttdly 
rounded upon pa]icr# uf Locke. It sL-^-ms 
that the hovikwHrr had boHght aome pupers 
from the Maaham libmn-, but ther are said 
to liave been written not by l>ocke but by 
Cddworth, and it ia doubtful if Dodd evon 
used rheae ( Gent. May. 1 "ftf, pC. ii. p. 1 1 86, 
and NifiioLs, Lii. Anecd. is. 27(i). 

The first ooUerlive edition of I^ocke's 
works appeared in 1714. A ']..ife' by Bishop 
Fdmund Law waa prefixed to the Htli edi- 
tion in 1777. IiRtej* editions appeared in 
17S>1. 1801, 1H23. 

Locke's authonty as a pViloMpher wns nn- 
rivalh'd in Kngliind during the first half of 
the eighteenth ceni urv, and n-tained great 
weight until ibe spread of Kantian doctrines. 
11\& moMuUoo common s«Ds«r )u» modesty 




and love of truth Imve been universtllj- »c- 
knowK'dged : and oven hi* want nf ilinmufrli- 
w^ii* fljid of loj^icul cotiNiHtL'iiL'v cuuljt**)] liiiii 
to rvflwl roDri; fully the .iwiril of it p(>riod of 
c<impromi»o. llUvpiritunl descondant, J. S. 
Mill, indicaros his miiiii iicfiii-veniPiit by fall- 
ing him till! ' uiKiui'stiLHicd ftiuiidvi' of Ihu 
anulytio [•hiln^Tipfiv of mind ' (Mn.r., Ltyir, 
bi)ok I chap. vL ) "Uy fixing- nu«nti-ni iip<in 
tlie jirciblem of the nfc<i**ftry limits of 
thouff ht and in vtwtitfating the ori^jiii of idtfac, 
biHwritiuf[« lod totlie cliaracteri»tii? melhod 
of his Kuglish succ?«*ors, who Bub'titiited a 
scientific psycholojfy for n ImnjMN'iidiTitftl 
mt>t (iplivHip. His own position, ho wi-viT, wu* 
u^)l collI4i^ll^llC, and vi'ry diflereiit cystviua 
hnvi> botiiL Alhliat(Kl upon hh teaching. Ills 
fnmniLi iitlui'k iiivjti ' itiiint>.> idona ' «'Kpr>>s»ed 
hirt iimst chanirl eriBtic teiidmmy, uud waa 

Eciit'iiilly iT^ufded a* \ictoi:icius; but critics 
avw not n^etxl (L^fo wliat isprtvisfly meant 
br'ii^nato id>'as,'Htid llattiJ]ioii,ri>rc\ani|j|i', 
maiiitnius that if l^ocjti* and UiwciLrtcs, at 
whotu \vi chiefly aiiiu'd, had both expressed 
Cht>m-L-tv6a ch^nrly, thoy wonM h.ivo been 
consistent with roi-h oiht-r iin) ^vi1h llie 
truth (ItBlD. fl'ix-A-jt, p. 7f*L'). Hiimf's wwp- 
ticiom was the nio»<t famous application of 
LockvV inpihod; but Kfid and fiia folIowifT 
Diif^id t^li-wurt, whih' hMldiiij* tlmt thii 
thenr\ nf 'ideas Kc::optcd by Locko would 
lofficnUy lead to IZuwe, Mill hold that a 
sound philojtophy can be constnw-teil upon 
Iiookc's method, and n^rd liiui a» t>n<' uf 
thi; jjTiTit teachers (see R.g. ItElu, InteUtxtuat 
I'oK^r*, ch. \x., and SixwAUT, Pfill->*ophIcfil 
■Ewrrv*, E»««y iii.) In Frnnci^, liOckrtV iiamfi 
ia HHid to havi' biH'ii Hrist uindi^ |K]|iular by 
Fonti'tudh'. Fie was ^-ntbiisirvsticnUy ud- 
nilr(.'<! I»y V'oltairBand by d'Alcmbe-rt. Didp- 
rol, 1 |plvctiii.i, and their contfmi>nniri<w. 
Condillaf^, hia most cnuispi^iiouH dJsciplu in 
pliil'iH<i|ihy. gave to hLs t^uictiing lh(> uxchl- 
»ively soBMtional turn which Locke would 
hav« iipparentiy disavow.-d- ('oniinrr*'!; and ' 
lh<! * id^olu^ica,' CabaniH, Du^tutt du Tracy, 
and .ithers, owed much to Locke durin)|tlit> 
revolntionary pt-riod (for miiiiy rt'fetvnws 
to hi« inllui'niNi with thnm Si'■t^ /«■* Idio- 
loffum, by Fr. Picavil, 1B91). TIti we« at- 
tack^-das a ftourCf of ibp r^'volulionary view* 
by De Mai^itre in the ' 8oir6M de t>t. VHen- 
bnurgi'and hy other n^rtinnary writers: and 
criticised with jfrnal oeverily and pmhubly 
much unfairni^»s bv (Viimiii Afi loadi^r of (he 
' M-1<<ctini.' The En^liah vmpirienl (u.>lioul 
havi^ cnntinued to regard Ixicke as their 
founder, ihouj^h ihey seem to hare been 
nior\*iiam(»diatelyintlufni;edby hiifoMowera, 
Herki'leyand HiEmtr,andoa|wciallv by Uavid 
llarlh'y,aa also in aomo rosjwcts by hif; prc- 

decfiBftCT Ilobbw, Leibnix's ' Xnuvoaux e*-1 

HaiH flur lVnt--nd.5mont bamain," thf most re- 
markable conleni]H>rary cntici«ii, WTitt*;n in 
1704,wa«GrHt pubii-iliod in IZlio. Some short 
' Itfflexions' upon ihu 'Essay* written by 
Leibnitz were *ubmitt*d to T>ocke iu 1703, 
buturitnR'utionedmtherHlifrhtingly byhirain 
his letters to Molyneiix(L'yl''el».and 10 April 
Hi(t7). ' l^ck«'s Writings Hud rhilosophy 
HislorieaJly ConsidiTtHl and \'indicaled fntin 
thi! Charge uf Contributing to Hnntc*M Sct-p- 
ticiem,' by Edward Ta^rt (18^V>>, ik la»ss 
and discursive, but may suj^p^gt some ram- 
parison!*. Stv also * Tlie InlellectaaliBia nCl 
LoL-ke," by Tliomos K. Webb Oi*R7). Fori 
recent ex^ositiouA see Vr. lliomai; Fowler* J 
'iMske' in Mr. John Morleys • M*n of I 
J*ttJ*rs' 8erii«; PnjfeiHwr Kniwr's 'Locke' 
in Itlnji-k wood's ' Hiilo^nphieal ClnJwir*,' and 
T. IL (Jreena ' Introduutiuu' to ILiimc'a 
' Philosophical Workg.' 

[The flnt life of Locko was lh« tlttgv Hi's- 
tori4)ne d« fou M. Lucki*. by Lo Ck-rc, whiri 
appcai-cd ia the Bibliothc^uo Oiuinir id I'Od. 
Tiiis" was riiuiidiil in prrat pun upon letter* 
from th« third I/^id SluirtAbary (printi-l io 
Nciloi Dad Qucri^w, l»t mr. iii, D*) and fn>m 
Lady Mnshivni. Th* oHsinal lettera arr in 
tlitt Ttrmonntrwiil-"' I.ibmry ut AmMctdam. and 
are printed in pront pnrt by Sir, For BAnmo. 
A letter from P. Costi' k.v.] iraa printtvl in 
Ifayle's l!^pu)i1tc|UD dm I^ireii in \~n6 anil 
again in tlip c«1l'«tion of 1*20. A Life, willi 
lirtln niiditionn] maMer, una pri't^xitl by Binhop 
Imw to iho 1 777 wfitioti of Lrn-ke's works. Th« 
Life of John Locke, with ICxIracta from hia 
rurr^^spondcnco, Joiirnats, and ComniDnplai-n 
UiMika, tiy LorI Kin^, apptoirrd in I82y and 
fuilli MiriiciuIditiDnK] tn S vols. S^-o, lS30(iieuia 
in llohii's Library, I8.'i6.\ The follevt ncoouiib 
is tho Lilo of Jnlin I.ocbn, by II. 11. Kox Itouriie, 
2ro]s. 8vn, 1878. Mr.FoxHournoSiw thnrcwchly 
exumiDcd all tho printo'l uutLoritie^. bMjdea 
HCTcrnl mniinsc^ript oollecliftna, ■•Rptvijtliv tho 
ShHflwbiirjr pFipnrs, now in ihp Kecord C>tltee; 
llie pnpt'rs in. thn Hriliiili Muhcuir, inotu'ling 
LopVft""rorrMpondcTipn wiih Thoyoiird. aiotimat 
for K378, and a njeuuorHiui uni'buok uf Ijocke'a 
fnibrr, witb unmr i«nJriw( by himsclf.Hnil pnpers 
in ibe lit? inon at ra cits' Lilirarv.tht: lt«^ll«inn, and 
clstwhcrci. A largo rollsL'tiim of papora is in 
po««fii*iQn uf Lord Lovflai-v, thi; dp«cfndnDt of 
Loeko's cutisjn, tfa« lArd-<rhBn(rel[or King, and 
another in poiaanuon of Mr. Sanford of Nyne* 
head, Taunton, r^pmoatutivr cf Locke's triend. 
Kdvard Clarfceof Chiplev, ^(^mors^t. Extmrta 
from these are git^n by IVofesi'or Fraser. He* 
nisn Welrh's.MiiTnni Wi'slni. p, 141 ; Ort^nrille** 
I-fwko iind Oxford ; BovIps Works, 1 772, t. 045 - 
fl«+ (r«igisli>r of wMl]i'cr).ti. 58iS-<4, RSO; Pri- 
Hnaux'sLAttcnfCanidan 1^.]. n4, 94, US. 129, 
131, 134, 1 30. 142. 182; Wood's Atb9aa;(Bll>«), 
if. 638; CfariHtis's Life of Shaftvsbury.) L. 8. 






LOCKE,J( ittN (I'WS-lgHOXlepI witer 
«n<l |i<iliticiati, txtni in Lontlou iti lt<tiri, was 
onlv son of Jolin lyocke, 8un'c.vor, of Heme 
lliil, Siirn-v, l>y liis wili* Alicf, dadglilvr of 
"W'.l'^irtwriKbt. IlcfrafleducjiUidat Duiwicb 
C'ollf;;* uiti at Trinitv CoUefic, Cuubritlffe, 
OTwJtMting B-A. in IKSU and M.A. in \i*^'2. 
1l4> wiia called to tliobarat ibv Inner 'i'tiinplt? 
in I-^t«ri^no 1S3S, andliwainieabenclierof : 
hia ina in l."^'. lie joined r.he liome circuit 
and Hiitrey <>PBiiions, wliwv he ciijoywl a lead- 
ing ])r^rtii->-. Slid from 1H4-J to 18^7 wait onv 
cftlif comninn pleaders of tlte city of I^iadoti. 
In June 1^7, oaving ceasied to praciiAe for 
attain TQor?, t^xr^pt aa eouniu;! to tho com- 
auflniiHitTS of tiilaad rT'v>.-iiui% hv WU4 ap- 

Hed a ouwra's counsi;!, and in tiStJI lii,'- ' 

'4Kiii« Kconlcr of Bngliton. an ciflic« which I 
heheldontil 1H79. fiaririe iin«ucra»iru11y J 
coot«at«d Ilo.'itiiis^ a8 a litMirnl in it<'y2, hit , 
"VTM vluctiti fur Southwark in April lS-^7. 
mod lifM the K«t till hia death. In par- [ 
lianufnthechifflyRXfrletl himsplf npnnquos- , 
tiotu of local ^lummvnt and iuHa«urev for | 
improrinff the conditioa of the working ' 
cImmm. lift introduced and ps»sed a biU in 
1861 for the admiasion of witne«f%a in cri- 
minal ease* to the Mme right of stuliKtitutin^ 
ui nfTincation for &.n oath m in civil oo^i^s. 
Id' <)ied nl f>3 ICaion I'lacv, Ixwdnn, on 
Sa Jan. 1K>4) llo mnmo«l in I)M7 Unra 
■liv, dnii^httT of ('olupvl Thumae Alux- 
tadtr Cotb of the Eant India Coin|«ny's 
army. H« vrse the anthor of a ' Trwitiso on 
the (iaaio!*,' piiblittho'l in lH4t), and 
another un 'Thu IXuetrinu and IVactico of 
Fofri^ Attachtotml iu the Lord Mayor's 
Ooun,' publLsJied in 16&3. 

[Solicitor*' Jonmii). 7 Feb. Ifl8*> i La* TiinMi, 
II I'l^b. 1880; Tiiiiui. 30 Jiin. ISM: Ann. Rw. 
Ifijto. For A dM«Ti[Kton if his raAnner ma BaI- 

laDtimt Kx|wriefmw, i, OS.) 

J. A. H. 

LOCKE. JOSEPH (1805-18001 civil en- 
miinf';r. fourth and youngest oon of Willtara 
Loot-ki-^ coUierv manager, waa bom at Alt«r- 
cliilV. near SbefBeld, on Au^. lUOo. lie 
wa* *^nc«t*d at BathsIpv grammar echoo], 
and from l«It< to IHJd was n pupil of Wil- 
liam 8tohert of I'olaw, Ihirlmtn, n colliery 
'vimwvr. In 1823 lie waa articled to Oeorgn 
StepheosoQ, civil «)^ne«r, X«wca-«lle, and 
after the (•xpiration of bi=i lime stayed on 
witli hiM maMtiirr. and iiided htm in the con- 
ctniclioQ of the railway between Mancheitt^r 
•nd Lir^^KKiI, which waa opened on U Sept. 
1KW>. He took part in the ex[wrimfnij» on 
moliv«^ power, and in I^:?9, conjoirilly with 
Stfph>:tuon, issued a pamphlet eiititl«l'(lh- 
vervni ions on the comparatire merit.-i of loco- 
motireand fixed enginoa, being a Kcplytotbe 

Rt-porl of Sir, James Walker,* which finally 

settled tkv fjue«iioti iu favour of locomotive 
engines. Lock« a^ a civil enj^ineer,workin{f 
on l>i:« own nceouiit, constructed thti follow- 
ing linPB: the (irand Junction, 18y.*>-7. tho 
London and Soutluimpton, 1^)0—10, the Shef- 
ti.Od nnd Manchv^ter, IS.1S-40,ibo Iiancaitter 
(ind IV-nfloii, 1837 40,lheLire»'nock,l'«i»ley, 
and tilajvow, lR;i7-41, the Pari* and Itouen 
line, ISll ^, and the Kouen to llaiTe, 18-13, 
wlwn hi: recivi'd llio (U-corniion iif the cmas 
ofthw 1^'cion of Honour fruni l^uit^l'hilipjH-. 
Uealsn desired and superintended the una 
between Barcelona and Maitaro in ^ain, 
1847-8, and iho Dutch Uheninh railway, of 
which the Gual portion wdk compli.>(>.-u in 
1656. Uurinc the construction of the works 
on the continent Locke took into partnership 
in I MO John PMward Krrin(fton [q, v.], onu 
leather thi'y conetniclwl the l.(Lnc4i«ter nnd 
CuxUste line, 1843-6, the East Lanoishirv, 
the Scottish Central. 1^45. the Oalcdonian, 
IK^lt*, the ScoitLnh Midland, the Alierde^n 
ruilwavs, the On-enoek (lock», and a line 
&om Xtantea to Caen and Cherbourg in 
1 852, for which Ixtcke was created an officer 
of the i^f^ion nf Honour by Napoleon 111. 
l)i-!ipitu the heiivy work on tlie Caledomaa 
line it cottt, with the platforms and roadside 
siationit, only I6,000/.a mile. Thiaeconomy 
ri-^iilt>'(l fnim (he ndoptiunof st^'^^jn'r lint^of 
).Tndti'iLt than liad pruviuiuly been tlioit)^t 
suitable fortbe locomotive enKin«,and |irDTfld 
That dead lerelg were not abeolutdrtwoeMuy- 
ro nncTent a loaa of power. Ijocka waa the 
draifmer of * the Crewe cuirine,' in whioh tliu 
several parte were made with mathematicnl 
accuracy, and were capable of fitting indif- 
ferpjiily iiny engine. Througbodt hia caner 
LoiTke avoided undertaking; very gr«at and 
coatlv works, but he formed, with Robert 
Steptienson and Brunei, the trinmTiralt* of engineering worhl ( Tittup, til Sept. I**60, 

ElO). He joined the In:?litution of Civil 
ngineers in LS.')0, and held the pojiiiion of 
president in lf»o8 and ISftil. On t2 Feb. 18S8 
lie wtW' flectt'd a fellow of the It<iyal Society. 
In lcM7 Locke purchased the manor of 
Honiton, Devonshire, and sat in parliament 
as a liberal for thi- bomugh of Honiton from 
that datu to bin death. He seldom spoke in 
(he house except on maCtervwithin hii) ^t^cial 
knowlfdffc, but enirBgcd in many parliamen- 
tary BtruRirle-s and took part in the baltlo 
of t he ijEuci's. To the town of Bamsley, York- 
shire, he presented the L<>cke Park, a recreation 
ground, and on endowment for tlic grammar 
srhool. While staving at MotTat, near Dum- 
fries, for the purpt^ of shooting in Annan- 
dale, he wa« Mljud with internal infliunnia>- 
tion, died on 18 Sept, 1800, and was buried 



HamAKtti wm tmctoti i« tht La^ puli at 
h»tmit!j, umI ft windcnr lo bw mmpij ««• 
flMd £■ W«iiaiiMUr AVktf. 

89«m, Lo«aM. on U Dm. IMOL 

MteMM «r PiM. «r iMduu <rf CM 1 b^MMi, 
1441. u. 111.4^ Omk. Mw. tSOO. DC U. pi 

hOOKM, MATTHKW {1630P-1677). 
MMlad eofD|MMM-rWu » lutin-of Ejceier,&iid 
wu» KonrUa^ to iba mtry in the mArria^ 
UoMM pfMWnad to ke bu, cliirlT yMtn i»M in 

Mink lOttMfbM it it proUt^fr tlni U- «■■• 
llour y*«n oM«r. lU ww a cliori-i-r at I-'x^t«r 
futtiflntl in I'lW, wh^-ii hf wm |KM«it»Ijr 
*li«iiit iiitfdt, nml tliercmv •tilt t-stuit on Ihe 
liirtMf Miji 'ff llm w^*i frfiit of th« old orgBn 
•rrunn in ilnMntli'ilrBl ih« ltrtt<rniRnd flsurM 
' MmIlw I^» k l<W4,'uiJ • M I. mil/dw-piT 
Rrul firiulj' rnrvii't in tlio ■lutiM in rharaclcra 
■b»ul Ittn ini'lifiiti Iti'tfilir, Itiw finr manxn 
WIM lliii lU'V. Vjimunl (liUiniiN, or^nriiAt unci 
liflml'Vii-itr rtf KiKtiT < 'ulliKilml, liut. Im wan 
•ulMMjiioiitljr M piijiil 'it WilliniQ Wnkn, 
*Imi ori^iitilal •'!' ftii' I'ullicflnil. Huon after 
II14I lliii iriitnii-nl M<r\ici-a in ICtflcr <'(illie- 
ttrnl worn rliM-tiij|itMii<il, iitid lliu rlinnil ■!»• 
latiliatiriititd iliaiK'nixil, l.iH'kt) |3iiniUHl Iiik 
nHiaicftI NtiiilMa, mtil ill \lift\ coiniHwod n 
'lidlo rniiiMirl iif lJin-'> imrtH,' itl Ihn roquvst 
(if liti riirinnr m«»U't, WiiU«, fur 1li« um of 
WKli<>'a"iOi<)lMrN, Ttlia Willi mitillHln'iI II vuyciirn 
lAl«>r. tl'i wiia luxw iii1.f*i[ will] <'1iriN|ii|jliirr 
<ltM»>itM Iti lli'i i-Miii]i'i»itiori iif iiiiiHic for 
Hliirli'v'ii iiiiiMi]iii< '('ii|ijil mill [li'dlli/ wliicli 
wim imrfMriufil nt lli» niilitiirj' ^rininiln in 
l.iilriraiiir I'IkI'I') id itn^DiH^i uC llii> rurtit- 
Kiutui niiilmMiiilor on '.It Marvli Utrwt. Hi- 
aUit :>i>lii|it)iHnl It jioHkili of llio vocitl initMin 
l^ir Ii'A vi'iiJim'a ■ "Mt'i(/«i uf Uli<i'ili*«," wliii'li 
Wm {ii<rr<irriril III llio ImiiiIi of Kniliiinl llnii!(i> 
hi llui it]t)tiir Kiiil t>r Alili<riiKil>' Strcut ' in 
1(IA<I| itib t1uao>ri>niiitti]lHM'iiNa><><l tlii'cliarAC- 
t«>r i>f lf)<^ AilittimI, nml Min^ Itir uiiifio kl- 
liiM(>il|<ii1it>|iiLrl, l'ii|ivii,inliia'1>iiirv,''JI IVb, 
IIIAt), writoa: ' M^cr'ilintirr 1 hnrU'tn \Vn«t- 
niiikkli'i llnll, ]i*>n> I iiioi. Willi Mr. l.i>cl(Hntl 
l*iir»iiU, iiiiiMlor" i>r Bniiati|it(V nnil willi tlu'm 
to lli» oultlm Wiiop, iiili> ■ nviim ni'xt tliv 
WKt»r liy iiiirM>lvi>«- llorrt w<> Itml vnmty 
of Umv<i lliilion itnil H|mnli«)i ftnnun hhiI u 
Cnmni of vigUl volcm ntiioti Mr. l.\w)i li»i) 
Utoly tumlo ■>» tlnwt mmli, " IKiniino m1- 
Vltt flkO K-'urui," nil iiilmira1il>' lluiin ' 
l^nrkr riunpoml liiP luiuiv 'fur llif kiii|t'* 
KMtflitilt* miJ oonwU,* wbSch w«a tH-rformi«d 
iliiriuii tht) prognM oC Cbulw 11 ttiMii^h 

by thmatj. 


to VdftalMlI,< 



S2 Apni IMI, ^ ^ Mot tW eonM- 

Ooa. n>> MMC b^ »*«w witk C^uIm, 
vho fank«ithcRM4Lacfe 'Ciiiii i im 

PhTat« MamA/jot wUck kv va* veeriTiag 
the wbi; «r 40t M 1«7«. While koUn; 
UkB iffoiaiMM* of iiwywgr in aml»aiy 
be VMM HTCal ftM astMBl Wtth iMiIlh- 
■trtalniiii iiiliii ir : oworUw^^Wben 
dw 8«i oT Sfu abiB chh » all hn Oloiy; 
WM aftcnraida nnhtfi^ by Ja a »M KoAJ 
^q.T.% lAo af g n f r J Mt ti amal of LocImv 
rjimuMiTB fhiMW, In 1601 Locke vampMBi 
the iaatnoMntal. rarwl, and redUtiTemnac 
forSirRohnrtSlaDTUoD'itngt-ooaied.T 'The 
St^motbtT.' SuDMjiMFntl^ b« conpOMd 
muaic tot the ' Kvrie El«i«oa ' ( re*ponf**s ta 
the CamniBniInifni.<> ), which vma pprfnrmed 
At ibu CfaaiMl Royal on 1 April lt%>ti. It ■ 
had pr^nniulybe^n thectutotn to rept^t the ^ 
Mime music nttt-T each commiindiDtMit. hut 
I^ockt) I'uTiiished diflVrenl mu&ic for all the 
responses, and tb'- inrioralion met witli du- 
tpproral and oui«pokt^n rvmonsirano- from 
thL< ni«m}M.>r9 of the clioir. Locke dt^t-ndcd 
hiiuHcIf by jiiiblUliirt? the music, inth the 
title ' Moilwni Cliurcli Music: lS\Miccu»ed, 
Conittir'd, ami Ot)«tnict«d in il« IVrfonnince 
huforw His Mnjtwly 1 April IflflU. Vindiealed 
by I be Aiirbtir, Matt l»ck, runapusor in 
('rdiuarj' to Him MwMir.' iVpvp, iu bia 
'Diary (2 S»;tit. 166,), bus a rc?i't\-nce to 
the incidt-nt ; hi shth : * Sut-nt all thf after-] 
nnnn, IVIlin^, IIi^wl-, and I, and my boj^ 
itinifiiiK: of Lock's rpxponae to the Tt-n Com- 
mnndmcntft, whit'h he hath act very fbicly, 
lUitl wttH a gnod wliilo eiiice eiing bi'fore ibol 
liijig. and xprtiled in tlip pfrfiirmnnrf, which 
occuMoiied iLe pnntlDjtr tliem for his rindica* 
lioii.nnd an' pxl'<.'1Il>ii1 good.' Il improbable 
I hot III) or thiH uDpltiiii^ant iiit&odv he wmto no 
iTiiiru niubic for tlii» Cbupef Itoyal. Ue was 
«(ion iifl^Twurds tpptunted orpTinist to (jueen 
('alb urine), vrbamamtainti) a Urmiaticailiolic 
cIluiivI and i>C!clo«Jtitit ii'id t-»lab]iehtni.-ut in 
Somt<r«4-t House; whdv holJirg- Ihi^ posC 
I>irlui (TiniiHvicd nnmi'rciim 1^1 in li>-tnns^ 
mniiv of which ore still i>\taiit in maiin'^crtpt. I 
Oil tliifl A)piuh<r i^rouud it ba« been aissortod 
ihni ho U<CHitie a Itoman rathoUc. but lh» 
liniofiD an< wautiiir. U^gnr North, in his 
'Momoirvr of MuMck' (p. 90). says l..ocko 
'was ornni^t nt Somerset Uoiue cIuin-1 aa 
luntr na nt< livnd, but Ibe Italian maKti-r* tbnC 
mti'ihI tbi'n* did not approre of his manner 
of play, bin m«st be attended bv inorv polite 
buidfi : and one while one Ka\wiirino, and 
aftorwar\l" Si^. itapt i»tu PraiiUi ii^ml the grenc 
■WfUt, and lAKke ^nbo must not be turned 






oat of bifl pUce, nor the execution) bad a 
mull cbanocr-orgsn bj, on which he per- 
fonaVI wilhthmn tb« iain« f<er\'icee.' Xorlh 
adds that Locke ' «et moet of the Psalms to 
musirk in part« for the use of some rertuoso 
Udyostn tlie cil r, nnd Iw eoinpt)«eil a mn^i- 
flck (oosort of 4 parlK kfter l\us uld Hylo, 
which wu the last of the Idnd tlutt b&t h beea 

AcmMinff m the t»?i»iimony of ftawnes in 
hi» *U(iM-itin Ait^lirBniii>,' I.ocLv woi^ aiitlKir 
of the Tr«U-known ' Macbeth ' mubic for it* 
npTMPntation in 167l', but this music Is now 
ascribed to Hvary I'urcell. Ixwbe did com- 
poM * Uacboth ' miuic. BOme of vhich wu 
pahliabed in 1666 and apain in 1669, but 
It has no rpsemblanc*' to the populnr music 
which |iiu«u'-.H tindnr hU ruuiie. lie wrote in- 
etrumtriital aiu«ic for the Drvd^n and D'Ave- 
nant version of the ' Tcm|>wt,' and vocal 
miudc with Dmghi in 1117^ for Shiidwi-ll's 
* PHvchv,' which he puhliiihed with nn inte- 
racting' pmface in 16< >>, 

lo 1673 Look<^ wait involved in a hitter 
controverey with Thumnft Salmon, who had 

Sibli«hed * An I'^^av to thi^ AdtancfDient of 
luick, by casTinc away the Perplexity of 
different Clilfc.' Y-ocki'Vi'plifd lo Salmon's 
pnpaBals in ' Obs^nratinns uj^iun a IjittiBook 
enUllvd " An Eway," ' &c, ; .Sulmou retorted 
in * A Vindication* of an Essay,' and Locko 
answered him aji^ain in I67S in * The frcttent 
HrBciisf of Mhs^c Vindicated.' Other writers 
joined io the fny, which was carried on with 
cfaaracttfTu-tic a^j-erity ; but Salmon's pro- 
po«aN had no nractieal result, and Ixicke liad 
thr- iM-tter of t»R ar^gument. 

In lC73a»niaU(n<(iiise by Locke appeared, 
with ihe title ' Mt'lotheaia, oc Certain (iene- 
nal KuIeK for Plnying upon u Cont iinieil lla^ti, 
with a Cj"hoice (>»lk'cli(in of Ij^miius for tliB 
Harpetchord or Organ of all sorts ; ' and he 
foniributwl to miirn-roiig printed rolleclions 
of the lime, includiuf;: 1, 'Counly Mas- 
quinc ArreB," \W2. 2. ' Musick'B IV-light on 
tic Gitfcem,- 1606. 3. 'Catch that Catch 
can. or thti Musical Companion,' 1067. 
4. 'ApoUo"s Baii4«.l.' 1009. fi, 'Tlie Trwi- 
fruTT of ^fusick; 1069. 0. 'Caiitica Esicm,' 
Xafi. r. ' Choice Ayrea,' lOrO-M. S. 'Mu- 
aick'« Handmaid ' 1078. 0. 'GrM^tinp'sPlea- 
mnt Companion/ UiH». 10. 'TheTkalerof 
Mnsick; 1687. U. ' Jlarmonia Sacra,' 16S8 
and 1714. L^vJte lived in the Savoy, and died 
in AuriLsl 1077. HeiBsiip|Kiwdluliave Wen 
buried in Ihe .S«Tiy Ch«[>iil, but the nhMinci^ 
of the reffiitera of the chapel for that year 
render* the Bsaertion tmprovahle, lie left 
no will, and hia wid-^w having renounced her 
right to adminti'ter bis ettale, l^tler.H for tiie 
pnrpoMweregnuited to tbeinudiciaQ'6daugh- 

ter,MaryIjOcke,131>ec.I877. Locke lived on 

the moAt intimate ti>nn»with Henry Piircell 
ruroell cotnpoeed an ode, »olo and chorus, 
'On the Death of his Worthy Friend, Mr. 
Matthew l..o(-ke, Miisirk Compoiter in (Irtli- 
norv to IIt» Majivtly. and Organist of fler 
MftimtiM Ch&ppel who Dv^ in August 
1677," whieh was printed h\ I'layford. LncVe 
in hiaeiarly days npell hin name without the* 
tinal voweI,but erentiially adoptiMl the funn 
here given. 

A certain ' Matthew Lock of Westminster' 
obtained a licenne, ilatedH March 100:i 4, lo 
marry in London, Aliix-, dauL'lilt^Tof Kdiutind 
Smyth or.Vnnahle*. Hertfordshire (CuE*TEK, 
Marriage Jja-ngfj, etl. Foster, p. 854 1. It in 
needful to reinember that there watt living 
at the name time aa the muBician another 
Mailbi'w Ixck, who wm * Becretary-at-war,' 
and IB frequently mentioned in Pepys'a 
' Diary.' 

North writes with some regret of Locke's 
almniloument of 'ibo old nfyh-' for 'rhc 
rnodi^ uf his lime,' and of hi)- full ' into the 
theiktricall way;' hiit he ailmit.i that hi.<com- 
poflitions fyr 'the eenii-operos* met 'with 
very p:(n>d xiicc*;-** ' and only f^vr way to ' the 
divine Purcrll.' Ilif ' viol-muKie ' wat^ highly 
Mleemed^andmaybejudiied bv the speeiineiis 
I in the nutognph coRectioii of his comuoM- 
' tiona which he presented To Charles II in 
1072; it is nnw in the Rritii^h Mitxenm 
(Add. MS. 17801). The eamo hbttir>- con- 
tains the auiogmph scores of the music lo 
till- F»idmB (I'A, 31437) and nf llie tnattque 
'CupiJand D^'ath'ti*. I77i«(). tHherraanii- 
scripl coQipofil timtt are to be found in the 
Filiwilliara Museum, Caml)ridp>>, Ely Cathe- 
dral, and the Koyal College of Music' Several 
part books with sackbut music eomptwed for 
the king, which belonsed lo CbarU-a II. aro 
I in the pmsession of tha prMeot writer, lo- 

E-ther with a perfect mt of the Salmon and 
ocke controversial tracts, bi-lieved by Uaw- 
' kins not to exist. An oil ^H)rtrJlit oi Li^cke 
I ia preserved in the univentity of Oxford. 

I [Sir J. IIavTkinA*>« Riitt. of Miisil'; Uiirneya 
, Hist, of MnMr; rove's Diet, of Mtuic; NoH-li's 
Memoirs of Mustek, ed. ICimbaQlt, pp. Vb-6.] 

W. H. C. 


l&lOi. art amateur, boni in 17^:^, belonged lo 
a family which claimed cnnnecliiin with ihiit 
of John LiX'ke the phiI<Kit>]iher. Locke was 
well known asa wualthyamat<-urof hia day, 
and formed a collection of work* of art at 
Koine, which included the pictnre of *8l■ 
l'^!<uU ' by Claude, now in the Naliuiial 
J Lialleiy, and among other antique marbles 

tlie 'DiMoboIoB,* ttft«rwiuri(I« at Duticou)bc| 
I'Arlc, uid il»' Tnno of Wnus, whioli w« in , 
tliu I'tikvut' Ktctunond'st'ollrctiifti, andnfter 
injitrj' by firs came to Ihe British MuBPiim. ' 
In 1 ( 74 hft purchased an e>iTnl* at Norbiirr, 
near Mickli'linm in Siinvv. when> li** built a 
boiL^, oni' of \\w rfHJin-t ni which was d«!«- 
wieJ with pumtinga l>y G. limmX, Cipriani, 
ami other anists. Loclie and liin wifu were 
wvll known in thf> snciety of th>'ir diiy. and 
I'Vimefd IJuriiey was un<' uf thinr clow-ct 
frwnd* Iw^ AbbLATJ. When thf French 
reruj;t>w, Mmi-. de 9ta«1 an*l nlher«, nettled 
at Juniper Hall, n«»r Xorhur^", thfy wfn> 
very intiinntL- wJLh tliu I^ocbtf, wliu inn- 
teridllvftieisted the marrisge of M. d'ArhlaT 
uid MisH Biirnfy. When th« latter bnift 
•Camilla Cotlagfi,'irwft« on a iiifci'^vfffrnun'i 
civL'Q lliirni hy thii Lm-liue. L>*L-kv dii*d nt 
rforbiiry on 5 Oct. 1810, aged 7^, 'ind waa 
bnried at Mickl^hani. liy his wifr. Kred«;ricii 
Augiistn, he \ftt nmnng other ehUdrpn two 
fone, Willinm (see bflow) iinJ (ietirgc^aiid u. | 
dait^htt^r Amelia, married to John Aiigsr- 
«trin, M.P., nf Weefing, Norfolk. 

I.oCKE, William, thw younper (I7fi7- 
1617), ftruateiir artij-t, eliltir son ct the alKnu, 
horu in 1767, dirtingiii^hfc! himself in oarly 
days as n pmmisinf; arlist. lie wa<! a piiptl 
and fripiitl of Ili'nry Fiiaeli [q. v.'], wlio 
deditateil his leclnre" on paijttin^ to him. 
L>ock« painted several historical and alle- 
gorical Buhjecta in a strained and atTerted 
ntvlf; one, ' Tln' L.T.'st Mnnx-iit" of Ciirdiiml 
^Vvl«ey,* was engraved in elijijiU- by Charl«8 
Knighl. ThiTe arc some ctching^nnd draw- 
ings by liim it! the print room at the BritUh 
MiiJK^fum. l,ock<'niild\orbun' in June In 10, 
aud lived aflorwarJspriucipiJlvaL Kouieand 
Pari*. He marriciii MisaJfuninps. dauglitcr 
of Mr. Ji'nniiiK'*-N<M)l, n Udy noted for her 
liwiiity, and dieil in 1W17. Icaviiiij oiw wsn, 
AVilliHii] m-e below), aitd a daughter l-Iliia- 
bt'th, who mnrricd Joseph, tliirteentb ixird 
"WallBcourt. 11<; wafl biiriipd at Micklehain. 

Locke, William, rhw third ( 1801-1832), 
captain in the lif«>gnnrdd and amateur artist, 
WBHri^tnarkable for Ilia jHTKOiml Ix-niityundlVir 
his ^kill a^ an nmateur artist. 1Il> jmhlir^lied 
tomrf illmiTrationB to Ryron's works. lie was 
drowned in Ihu InUe of Ciitno oo ]«>Sept. 
I8RJ. I-.ockt« miirried .Splina, daughter of 
Admiral Tollemaohe. A danghter, Augusta 
3t(lina, wfis bnm posthuiuoitaiv- ^^h"* niiirrii'd 
KUL'Ot'Mively Knii-si, l^ird Btir|^hur«li, the 
Duca di San Teodoro, and Thomu do Grey, 
tfai* prf^ent Lord Walsingfaam. 

I lUdgmtf 'n hicL of Anifta: 3Tm«. d'Arblay's 
Dipiriee; Bravlev's Hist, of Surroy. vol. It,; 
Ornl.. MnfT- isi'r) |il. ii. p. SU, 1833 pt. Jl. 
p. S99 i primle information .^ 1j. 0. 




184!'), commiiuiioDPr of fireenwieh H^ujnial, 
Tonu^»t aon of Ciiptaiii William Lwlsr 
*a. v.], vru bom at East Mailing in Kent oa 
Oct. 1777. He waAe<lMcatod«t Kioo,aDd 
in I7!)>'> entered the navy my otfif^ fiDm 
wliit^b he wa^ proniut«d to be secotid tw n- 
tury to the boartl of control. In 1$0I b« 
became civil secrctaty to Sir Edwanl Prflew 
(afterward*! Vi»troiint RTinnntht 'n. T.'^snd 
MTVed with hiui in Ihul capacity fluriag hia 
command in th« EaM Indies, l^f^il-a. in th« 
North Sea in ItflO.and in the Medit.>rninetii 
tHll'14. The emnhimRnlt; of hi? olfia^ 
<i«]><.-cially fu) iirixe aguut in the East Iudi«*. 
had placi-d bun in easv circunutanc-'*. ana 
in I«l.j he married a (&ugbter of Ike Ror. 
.lonathun Boucher [q. v7\, and »<(^ttled si 
Windsor till 1 1*1 ft. In that year he itccepted 
th^ otfic*ofiu?cret«rj- to Greenwich lIo*piiil, 
and in 18:^4 vmn appointed civil comtniA- 
fiioB'Pr. This post he orrnpied till 1844, 
when, being in v^sry fL-cbleboalth, lie TtitirM 
nn a special pension, and died at L'xbridg* 
on 10 Oct. 1H40. 

Locker wan u man of varied talenl« and 
accompli shmf'Qis. a fellow of the Koyal So- 
ciety, an csc^lleiit ani^T in waier-oolour, a 
channiiig conver^itiunalist, nn cfsteeiued 
friend at Sent hey and of Sir Walter Hcntt. 
Ill co-op<!rulion wilh Charles Knight (1701- 
I^*7S■^[q. v.]lip<.'dii.'dandlftrcelTconiribiit©d 
to ''IV Wnin Englishman' {fiv'o, IWO-S), a 
magazine uf original and selected nrticleMi J 
described (i» 'alrai>«t the firel, if rot tlie veiyfl 
lirMof nnv literary preteiwion, of ihow-- chwip 
und po|iiilBr misL-ellantcs which the growing 
ability' of thn great hulk of the {n-ople tOH 
reflid imperntively demanded in Ihe place offl 
mist^hievoua or childish tract.-*' (.■lM'-n<n/m, " 
30 del. I^Jft). Ill thu first roluniu app^-nred 
ft wmrjiti of religious ledurea delivered by 
I>ocker on board the Culloden, where he for 
floint* time ofliciat^'d bs chaplain ; they wera 
afterwunlji n^imhlislicd sejiarfLtely with tha 
title ' Popiilfir lectures on tlie Bible and 
Liturgy' (J^vo, 1821), He also published 
' Views in Spjiin' ^4lo, If*i;4), the ntcord of 
o tour mnde during the wfir iu 1HI3 in uom- 
pany with \x\ri John (afterward* Earl) Rii»- 
sell, and illu-itrntud with sketches by the 
author; and ' Memoirs of celebrated Naval 
Cotiimanderfi, illiir^tratod bv engravings frmn 
nrigiufll IVrun^*! in the \nval (lallerv of 
Ureeiiwich lloMii(i»]'(lHa2,imi>.8vo). Ybia ji 
volume ii< ('n-cedwl by an engraretl ])orlratt M 
of Locker. ■ 

In l8'_'-{ Irfteker iwived n scheme, oii^- 
nally proposed by his father in 17M,of esTa- 
bliMiing a gallery of iijival pictures at (t 
wich. (Japtain Ixiclier had sutntestcd 

•u^estod tbu 

IPaintd Hall «s a euilaliW plnoe. but iu tbe 
. tiiniiiiil and aitxtmy nf wnrtliK jirniioiul had 
foiin'l no «wt*pUmcc. EdwunlHuwLr Locker 
I BOW obuinM many profefsional opminns aa 
to ititf Miitnbtlityortbe Paiiit«d Hall, which 
h»A I>e«o onuwKl for m-ariy a contury ; but 
thi^re werv do funds iind »s vkX no pictunvt. 
I.ocker a^mltetl himxelf earnestly to eoUcil- 
ini^ donatiouii, and with »uch »uccc.«s that 
I in Icaa thaa three yvars he * had the ^tifi- 
icstion of eeeinjf th« -walls covi^rpd with pur- 
tisil«.' Geotce IV' took uj> the proji.'Ct 
wvtiily, and 'iuimediait:ly commamU-d that 
th« whije of iIh? naval po'nrait* in th«' myal 
pftlftoM of Wiudi>or and Hiimpton CV>un 
•lionld be removed to (.ireenwicb: and in 
■o cpgading yean he contributed several ralu- 
■ble picture* from his private coLlectiou.' 
SlAtty pictun^s havo Einc« been added, but 
tlidt the gallery is what it u, is almoat en- 
tirely du« Co Locker'a basio^H aptitude and 

Ilv lufl i»iu>. among othi*r«, FriKlurick, 
author of ' I^ndon Lyrtci,'who in l^*d5 took 
tht* additiomal nain« ufLnmmaa on the death 
of his wife's fathttT,>>ir Curt iH Mimnda Letnp- 
■t [q. v.] ; and Arthur, fur inoiiy yi-ans udilor 


^ A portrait, of Locker, by H. W. Pkillipa, 
is in the l*lunt(><] Hall at (ireen\rich. 

rtnt'orniatioo from Mr. F. Locktr-Iwtmpson 
Atli«i;vani, m Oct. )849; Timn. 'i2 Oct, lli4» : 
G«D(. IAa^. 1840, i. fifil; pTefHMtolbeL'nialiiguis 
of i'ictoiw in tbe Paiatad Hall.] J. £. L. 

LOCKER, JOJIN (1653-1760), miswl- 
lanMtua writer, bom in London on 27 Aug'. 
Itfittt, WAA mm of Hii^phen Lirker, a E^i^riTeiitr 
in the Old Jtmry, aiid clt^k of tJiv l<entber- 
•cllers' Company, lie entered .Merchant 
Taylors* School oo 12 March 1706-7 (HoiUK- 
nox, Iltgistfr, it, ^), matriculntod at Mi>rtoa 

U^-e, Uxfyrd, l"! April 1711, and uftvr- 
tnvellcd oo the continent with \m 
Jlr. Tirialeton. On 2^ March 1719 
tm admitted of Graya Inn, and he 
iitnl law in the chambers once occupied by 
KmnHa IWon, \-iseoiinr .St. Aiban8(>oOTKK, 
(tray's Inn Adtnitnon lirt/Uler, p. SC.^). He 
■mwt elevl«d a fellow of tlie Society of .Anti- 
<)uan>-« 3 March 17tt7, aad became an inti- 
naal" friend of .John Howyer (Goruit, lA*t 
of Hoc. Antiq.n. 0). Hl> was appoJntutl clerk 
oftliel*ompani(»of Li!atherAelUirA(1719tand 
Cloclnitalten( 1740), and he was alao a cotn- 
Biiaaioiufr of bankrupta. llQustyled by Ur. 
AVanl *a gi'ntk-inan much itsti^miMl for liis 
knowled^ uf ]folite Ut<;nituiv,* and by Dr. 
Johnwm, ' a pentlptnan eminent for ctmositr 
and littratiire.' Ilr Icsnu-d .Mnl'-ni Ore«lt 
coUotjiUBlly from a puur Givok priest, whom 

be ea&uidly mot wiindvrinfr about tlie ittruelti 
of London, and vnt«>rlnin<->d fur some VMri id 
hit hou«e at his own nod Lir. Meud's ex- 
pense. Ixwker translalfd inin .Modem Greek 
a part, if not thtt whotv, cf one of Cottfftevt^i 
ef*uiv(i'iiir». He diixl a widower oo W May 
17(>0, and was buri«l In St. Helen *« Church, 
Bishophgnte Street ({imt. Mag. 17B0, p. 

H(> marriM Kliicabptb, eldest daughter oT 
EMward Hlillingfltft, M.I)., (Ireshnm nrofea- 
Borof phy.^ic, and aftprwanl^ roctor of Wood- 
Norton and S^vanton. Norfolk. Shvwa8di«*ter 
of IViijnmin Stilliu'rtlwt.audpranddangliteT 
of the cinini.'nt Iti^hup of Worui'sttir, Hvtliis 
lady, who dipd on l:i.\ug. I7>'>}>, he had nine 
children. Tlit-ir eon, M''iUinm Locker, i» sepa- 
rately noticod. 

Locker Inmslatwl the last two books of 
Voltaire's * i.if« of Oliarle^ XII, King of 
Sweden,' Ixmdon, 1731, and wrot« tbe pre- 
falory diwnursc. 

Hu and his frii-'nd Robert StephfUK, hJa* 
toriographer-royal, eagerly oollwtf*d i>ri)nnal 
or authentic mamiscripts of Hacon'p * Work*,' 

Sul)li.'«hti) and unpulilishcd. ( tn iStcplicns's 
L-ath iu XovcmbL-r \7S2 his papers cainu into 
the possession of Locker, who also diied h^foro 
be could publish the result-s of their joint 
la)x>uri«, ftlrlinu);!! by tiui'^htil liis mrrpction 
of lbt> fourth vi>luDi(> of Black buiime'e vdition 
(London, 17^U),coutuiiHnf^nacon'slQwtntcta 
and letters. After Lockers doaih all hiscol- 
lecticma wprc purrha»4-d by Dr. Hirrti, and 
they are now in the Itritish MuM'um (.\ddit. 
M£S. -ISJiS-CS). In the preface to the cnm- 

Jletp edition nfllacon'* ' Workn' published by 
tirch and Mullet in Bre vols, '"tin, libeml 
anknowlmtgnifut is made of the labours of 
Stephens and Looker. 

To Dr. Johnvtn l^ocker communiealed a 
collection of cxnmulo.^ made bv AddiHou from 
the writings of Tiilot^on, witu the intt^uti<Hl 
of preparing an KngUsb dictionary. 

[SiohoU's Lit. Ani<od. rii. 234, ix, 117; 8p(d- 
dinx'a I<»c»r8 and Life of Bacon, i. IS, 11&, ii. 
2,vu 16in, I7-i.l T. C. 

LOCKER, AVHXIAM (l73]-l>O0),cap- 

tain in the tinvv, second son of John IxH'ker 
[^. v.], wa» bom in the ofticial ret'ideiice 
fttiarhed t/i the l^eatln-nu'llrrs' HqII in Fo. 
bruary 1730-1. Htj was educated at Mer- 
chant Tayinm' Scbo<d, and entered ihit naVy 
in 1746 B» 'capiAin's Krvoat' (equivmlant to 
the modem rank of naval cadet) on board 
the Kent, with hii< kinsman Captain Charles 
Windham. In 1747 he went out to tbo 
West Indies in the Vainqiii'ur sloop with 
Captain Kirk, nliom \w fnllow^nl to tbe 
Vulture; from her liu was moved into tha 

Cornwall, tbu dogfihi^ of R«Ar-iulnilnd 
ObaxlM Kiwwlee [q. v.], m wliicK he was pro- 
Bflntat The reductinnnf Port Kniiit*. In Jiin« 
1748 Kirk wue [>i<sli.'J to tlii< L^liziLW-ch, titid 
Ixtcker, rtjoinini;; hiui, remrtivU tu England. 
At the [<eace \w «nlt?ri.-d the wrvice of the 
Kast. Inilia (.'onipsriT.Aml mniletwo or more 
vn^agBH Lo lailiiL iiiid Cliinii: but on tLi> 
proap«ct of war in 1 756 WrejoiiiBtl the navy 
as master's matt' nf tlie St. tJeorge, the flivg- 
stiil* of Sir lOJwiLril llfiwlu»[n, v.] Jnnrijj t.!in 
autumn. Hu iibm-lhI liin !.-xuininatiuii an 
7 Jan. 17u6: and in Juir', when IJawks 
■went out to the ^[edite^^a^t■n^in th« Ante- 
lo|i«, Iio lonk liWkLT witli liim nnJ pnimoTi-d 
him, on 4 July, tu lie liuutonuiit of thu Ex- 
purioiunt of 2(3 ^un& and 160 men, with Cap- 
tain John Slrnrhjin fij. v.] 

In .Inriimrv l7A7Jorvi0, Ihrii a Heiilenant 
of the Culhulcn, was ajipointed to the tem- 
porarv command of the Kx|»'riment during 
Stmclmn's iliiir--ii, and tlnidfnr two important 
tnoinhn wiw LtickiT's shipniHt* [i*t!« Ji:Bvis, 
JciHX, KiklokSi. Vikckxt]. AftBrttcin- 
ddci>ivif fiiga^'i'ru>.-iil with a lar|];« I'rench 
priv8t*t.<r nil l(i .Mfirch, dervif ri?ftnnipd to 
the CuIlodL'n, and tdt- Ksprriint-nt WU8 nLiiiit 
oomnijiniltid by Slrnclian, wlu'ii.oiV Alicauto 
on 8 July, she captured the T^Umaque. a 
tirivateor of M puns ami Ifll) mpii. f'fuitid- 
liijf ill IhiH eiiiiroKJiuff supL'rinrity in JaiL'ii, the 
Tfelfimaque lindeiivniired to lay ihi) KxpTi- 
meut ou bunrd,aiid,alUT two alteiutit^, par- 
tially succwdvd, but ' tbt-y could ontor their 
men only from Ibt-ii- lorwaslh'.' (.Inly a ft'w 
irere thus ahle to gft on boari], ana the^e 
WCR) uiimi-dtately killed; meantiiue 'our 
great gun*,' a« Ixicker wrote to his ffUher, 
' whif.h wn kept r.mBtanlly plying^, hmded 
with rijiuid and ^rane, killed sueb numliers 
that mojit of them left their quarters: and 
Captain Stniehan.observing that the officers 
endeavniired to mlly their men . . . ordeR-d 
me to lake tliu lui'ii and enl^irrber; whicb 
tbcy no sooner saw than tliey all, or best 
part of tliem, |;ot '>ff the deck ait fa;«t oh they 
could. Wh lini) only two or three men 
wounded in boarding.' Tim result of thia 
lemarkahlo action was the \o»i to the T^dfr* 
maoiieof *i<^meii killed and wounded, while 
tliB Experiment lost only forty-eight. Lcx^er 
Limielr had a wnund 'm the leg. At (he 
moment he rhnnght littleof it ; hut he norer 
completely r»'coven'<l fnim ita etlecta. 

In I>ncBmb»?r ]7">8 LoekiT wa* mnred, 
with SlrncJuin, to the Sapphire of .'ffl gunn, 
which was attached to tno fleet off Rn'st 
through the* sunimiT and autumn of 17riO, 
And was present at (he defeat of the Fn-Jicb 
in Quib«roii Bay on '20 Xot. In March 
1760 he waa taken by H«wke into hia flag^ 

chip, the Itoyal Geurgv, and, uinnng up is 
rotation, became fint lieuleaant id July 
I7*il ; on 7 April 1762 he waa promoted to 

llio cummana of the Homau Iiinperor Gm* 
ship. IIi.4 .•4>ii lia.'« recordeil tluit ' he always 
regitrded tliis period as the happiei^t of his 
«eTTic#«. lie Tvus rcocircd into I he |>er<4)nal 
friendship of his Hdmiml, iind pnititing hv 
his advice and expeni.-uce, be matured niuch 
of that profe^ional knowledge which be had 
prttviou->ly gained' (Uve* ^ DUtittytiukeA 
Aai'ai CommaNdTn). 

In I'dd Locker was appointed to the 
Nautilus sloop and sent out to Gorce to 
withilmw llie gnrrisuu on the place lu.'iiig 
restored tu the Fn'rtcli. The Nsutilua after- 
wards went on to the WV»t Indies, was em- 
ploved for three ywir* in the flulf of Mexico 
and on tbd coa«t of North America, and wu 
paid otiin l7fHi. On '2ti Mar 1768 L<«-J(«- 
was advanced to post rank. From 1770 to 
177*1 he commandiKl tlie Thamea frignle on 
the home Htutiun, and in I777cummiti«iuned 
the Lowestoft for the Weet Indies. Horatiu 
Nelaon, then just promoted, wai^ at the ttamo 
time appoiiiletl one of the IjOwesiofT's lieu- 
tL-miEiLs, iindrumiiined with IxH-kerfornbout. 
fifteen months ; he was at this time barely 
nint-t^-en, and the Btampol"I.")iker'»teiiching 
ami of liis experience of Hawke was det«pl]^ 
impressied on his young mind. More than 
iwenly Vhar.s afterwards (9 Feb. 17i'H) be 
wn)te to Ijocker: ' I bare been your scholari 
it is you who taught nie to botird a French^ 
man by your conduet when in the Kxi«-'ri- 
' ment; it i.s you who tUwavH told me '" 1-aT 
' a Frcucbuian clo^- and yon will beat him ; 
' and my only merit iu my profcjision in lieinj 
a gOQil ecbolar. Our frieudt^hip will never 
I end hut with mv life, hut you nave bIwbtA 
been too partial to me' (atitograph in tbfl 
' poweision of Mr. F, Locker-Lampaon ; NicCH 
' LAW, iii. :itiO). 

I Iu 177i) Locker's health gave way and he 
' was ci>iEpcUe<l to invalid, nor was he ahio 
' to undnTiukeaiiy riinberaelivL' eniployinent. — 
In 17^(7, on tliepnispect of war with Kraueo^H 
he was apjioiuted to regidate the iuiprvasV 
aen'ice at Exelor: in the armament of 1790 
he commanded t ho Cmiubridgea.'i ttag-cnpT«in 
to Vice-admind Thoniaa {afterwardfi Lord) 
Graven, then cominander-in-ehief ut Ply- 
mouth ; and in 17S12 ho was fora short time 
commodore and commnnder-in-chief at tho 
Nnre, (In IB Feb. 1793 hcf wax apjioiiiti-d 
lieutenant-governor of Greenwich llyspital, 
where he ilied 'M Doc. IKW. 

Much of the interest attaching to I«ocker 

lA aK (he teueher, friend, and corresnondHnt 

' of Nelson. During his later yvAxs he com- 

1 piled materials for a nrtval hL^tory. Tliesa 







ftookforlh«nt(Mt psn th« form nfbiafrni|)h teal 
■necdotos, wliirb,iLltliou)>;b often tiitrvmivt in 
detail, are gensntlly true in autulance sod in 
niht. ELe ma much awisttN] by Admiral 
jfohn ForbM fq. t.], whn, thoiifi^li tnr many 
yean ronfiatMl tu1ii£cbiiir,'rutniiii-dniic.Meiit 
of tnfonoatioQiuiil an accuracy of memcr)' re- 
nrdiof iiaTal affairs beyood anv officer of bis 
UBM}' ( v.. l\. I.OCSRH). Ixtckertiad, however, 
na iiterar\' i!Xp«rieticv, and pnibafaty stiraiik 
from tliv fabouiof leducing itie acciiinulHtecl 
stOTM U> form, lie Iianded thetn m'er to Jobn 
Cbaroock [q. t. '. wbo tran^laioil f>in much of 
fchem as suiUx) &i« norpcMe into the * ffcateol * 
vwluwc of the ' Oiographia KaTalis.' It 
was aEiO at Ijocker'a Kuggpstinn, and witb 
the B««Utanci3 dc^iviil from him iH-foivhiind, 
that Avt* yeans after hie dtatli Cliaruuck 
undertook and vTote bis ' Life of Xelson.* 
In both work* iho principal ralue iadi^Ted 
from lb).> contriliutioiiK of Liockvr. 

In 1770 bu tnnrriiKl Lucy, tiitr daughter of 
Admiral William I'anr, and gntnddaufrhtcr 
of Commotion? f.'harlfs Brown [q. v.] Mrs, 
I<ack«r died Jii 1 780, leaving two daiifjtitiTM 
and tUrev eon», th« youograt of wliom, Ii]d- 
mrd llawke Locker, is srpnrntely noticed. 
A pftrtrait of l^irker, hy Gabriel Stiinrt, is in 
tbe I*aiiitaH) Hall at Lln^^nwirb ; aimthiT, by 
AblwTT, belongs to Mr. F. Locker- LanipMn. 

[laronDAtion from Mr. F. Lockor-Lartipwo ; 
ofiBoial docQioflDlB in the ['alilic Uorord tiffiroj 
■nographiml akrlcti by K. H. Ijockcr in tho 
Plato Knglibbman. tii.>>cn(reiirimed in Knight's 
HalMIonrn vitti ii)« B«<t Authors, t«>1. i.); K.H. 
Lockvr'a Utmi of DiBtiDgai>ll«<l Natal CVjiq- 
Baadera; NJchoU'ri Liicmrj Anecdiiles. r. 373^ 
Xit«raiy Lif« of Bonjamin Stillinj^Aeot, i. 177; 
Kioulaa'a DsnwldiM aod Lellcra of L^ >'vImi(i, 
fnq.l J. K. L. 

LOCKEY, HOW'LAXD (Jt. Io90-1610>, 
painUT, waaapunilof Nichotaa Hilliard.and 
resided in Fle«t Mreet, Ixindon. Ue i.^ cimi- 
iuei)d«d, to^bvr with I»aac Oliver [<|>v.], 
by Richard ilaydock (Jt. UiOS) ^q. v.],in (be 
ptvfaci^' to his translation of IximaKZo's ' Art 
of Paiiilini:,' I'lSt^"*, and be i» mentioned l>y 
Francis Mere« in bia ' >Vit'8 CoDunimwcalt b,' 
inOS, among the eminent arti-ata then Uviiie 
in tlngland. He is stated to bare |iaintea 
'a neat piece in nil, ronlaiiiin);^ in ont- tuble 
the picture of Str John More, a judge of the 
Itiiupa bench t.'mp. Henry VIIL »nd of hia 
«rile,Bnd of^^ir Thomas ilore.lordcbniiceltor. 
hiM fton and his wife, and of all t\v- linml 
bein male deiKrendvd from tbvm, together 
vith oarfa man's wife unto that present year' 
(SP6 NiCHoLH, Hisfoiy of lAtv^Urahirr, vol. 
ili. pt, i. p. 4flt)l. Thin ili-wtriplioii corre^pcwids 
Tery nearly to the Rrouu of the family of Sir 
Tbomaa More attributea to Uolbetn, forowrly 

in that of Mr. Strickland at (.rukethurpe ia 
Oxfordahirei a amall copy of thifi giMtip in 
water-coloiira, attribot'>d to Isaac Oliver. i» 
in the collection of .Major-gr'ni-ni I Sotho^r 
(Tudor Ei.hibiiiQn,18dO,No. 1087). A poiv 
trait of I>r. John Kitig, bishop of London, for- 
merly in the colleclion of Dr. Ilawlinson, and 
engraved by Sintoa van Af !**<»>, i* !«iat«i 
on the eagraring to faavu been jwinU'd by 
Nicholas Lockev,'Xicola^ Lockey pinx. el lieri 
cnravil.' A« tfieword 'pinxit'seeras n later 
addition ta the iDScriiitinn, it may ptiSMbly 
have been painted by Kowland lAickev, and 
engraved under the direction of Xicbotaa 

[Authorities cited in the text.] L. C. 

LOCKEY. THOMAS. U D. 1 16(V2-I(vO), 
libruriao of the ItodlL'lan and canon uf Christ 
Church, Oxford, wiLt born in ]ti4>:;, and ob- 
tained a king':j ^cbuluxBhip at >Vei>tDiin8ter 
School. H« contributed to the L)xfonl Col- 
lection uf Verses on the Death of (jui^'H 
Anne in hli9; waaeloctiH] lo Chri&l Cbiircb, 
uatrlculsting Itj March ll<;.*l ; and|fraduatL>d 
B.A. 18 .May \i\±2. MA. -JO June 1(>*-..B.D. 
12 June 10.^. U.I>. 29 Xov. 1C()C. Lockey 
was vicar of East (iaisfon, Ilerkshins until 
16:t:),Rndheoriit]anic«akeheld theprebendal 
stall of Thomcy in tThicheiaer Cathedral till 
1680. But h*' resided at ifxford, where bn 
was noted as a colloi;?' tuU>r niid a pn*achcr, 
nutil, in Jauuari- 1<>51, a MTiuon preached 
by him before the university otTonded the 
parliamentary visitors, and led to his depriva- 
tion and suspension. He tbervnpoii lefl Ox- 
ford, but returned to residence at the Restore 
lion. On 1*1 July IIStH) he m'ss made pre- 
bendary of BemiustPT Prima, and on 1 7 .\wg. 
of Alton Pancraa, both in Salisbury Culhc- 
dral. On 2S Sept. IBHO he waj» electi-d H- 
bnirian of the iJodloian Libran-. Luckcy 
won the good opinion of visitors by his cour- 
tesj-, hut, according to Wood, was not a 
very eHicient librarian (cf. Wood, Liff nnd 
Timrx, i-d. Clark, i. S.tu). Henme says that 
he deigned the catalogue of Selden's hooka 
iOAtKti-jn*, ed. Dohle. ii. 40i. tn a k-ilor 
dat.>d L'fl July, probablv 1(JS4. ho wrote to 
ArchbiHliup SbL-lditn or this 'acces«inn of 
about 30,<JLtO anthors, that I have by myne 
owne pa%~nea disposed of in a catalogue. 
alV<>nii'anU to bo in«erl<>d in the p'oeraL' 
Fifty mjifsters of arta wcru" cmplovca on tlua 
catalogue, which was not cnmpleliHl for 
twelve years. On 8 Sept. IfiliO he n-cvived 
Clarendon, the chancellor of Oxfortl, and 
Clarendon a giiLvt, the Kurl of Mancbt^ter, 
chaucellor of Cambridge r]iivi-rsilr,oa iheir 
viait to the library, and delir«iv^ a Latin 




sptH-ch. This won liis Isnt fanriion u libra- 
nan ; hv rufii^iK^l ibu po*^t on M Xor. When 
abn>td in 16<J3, Lockt^v had lieeo nomi- 
nalfd to the foiinli stull nf Christ Church 
Cdthedral, btit was not inmallfil till l:!JuIy 
16l^*i; hv exrliaoKcil it for the fifth stall ou 
6 July 1676(Li:>."srEl: he hsd given lOtI/. 
townrdii the n-buildln^ of Wober's qua- 
flraogle in 16UU. I^'ki-y diet) li* June 1679. 
wed 78, mad wad buriod iu thv north aislv of 
ChriH Church CRtbcdral. His epituph says 
that, ' Ibiiugh lit* bad been twice tit Home, his 
Ciwii country evcT di>lif;bted bini and hie own 
faith.' A portrait, Hhowins tbiu, ebarp, hut 
Terr intcllL-cIiial feattirc«, is in the UodlcimD 
Librarj-, Ijocke y frequently tra\-eUed abroad, 
and coll«ct«:*<l )iictur(-ti, cuiu.4, and mi-dals, as 
well as boolui, moetuf which, wilh his ch<nC6 
libmrr, except tboce b<iok«, to the value of 
IQl, \hji., purrhaaml on bin death by the fiod- 
Idau, cnin« into the hand.«. of lb*. Killigr^rH', 
caaoDof We«tmiii«t«r. UearD^dc-Kribeshini 
«a ft ciirions, nice man, and ' reckon 'd the 
beat in the university for classical learning' 
i^(Mltctim4, ed. IJoblt;, u. 40). 

lUorf. WSS. T. 987. ^ 12; Walker's Soff*^ 
iBgaofth»Cl«:g:y,ii. U; WilliB'itCaiKMlraU, iii 
4JW-8; Le Neve, ii. 624. Hi, fiU, U7: Wood's 
AlhMua (RHm), it. $23 ; Reniwlt's Register, pp. 
pi. ii. p. .tB6 ; Wrlcli's Alamni Wfctmowutari* 
«nMa. p. 87 ; l-'onh&U'a WMimiuster School. 
"PnA and Pimal, p. 18U; infunnatioo kimllr 
faniiifa(d byF. HMl«a,c«i.; Annal»of the Doii- 
IrtAD Lil>rar>-. od. Mocmy, 1890, pp. Vll, 129, 

130. 131, U'i] 

T. B. 

LOCKHART,l»A\lD<rf.lft*e), botanist, 
^vns a ^nlenor in the Itnyal Gardens, Kew. 
In ISlti he b«rcanif) the assistant of Cbriatian 
Smith, the naturalist of the Coti«Q «xp^ 
ditioQ under Cantaio Turkey. Lockhart 
«ecHjied wtUi hi» life, but sufTered much from 
fcvw. Tift-o yeans afterwards he was put in 
lAargv of the gardens at Trinidsd, ihi?n iiD(li>r 
the supervision nf Sir Itiiliih WixxIfunJ. and 
acquitted hiuiiU'lf ably tneiv. Uo visited 
Kn^lkld in 1S44 uilh tbt!> view of enriching 
tbe Trinidad gardens, but be died in l84o 
sotiti afliT his tvtura to the island. A genus 
of orcbidi*. which wasnamud LodMartia after 
him by I>r. Lindley, is now merged ia i%r- 

[Gaid. Chroo. IS8J. imv. mt. nir. 3S6.1 


{/f. I5:.*0t. a Scatcman. was a profmorof 
art* at tbi' rolbyti nf .M<tnlaii;u in Wris in 
lAltt. He cannot Iw identiKeil with th* 
Quergt Lockhart who w*t fcrftuuv) at i^n- 
«ril in 1001. but was pnlMUj the wan for 

whom Janes V, mriiinir to Henry \'III, 
7 .\pnl 15-!^. rttnieatwl permUaion to paa 
through KuglanJ on his wuy abroad. At 
tbe MnntaifTu colUwe h« must have been tbs 
conleiiiptirury of Pwrie Tempete. who died 
about l^tSU. Ilewmte: 1. ' IV IVnpnrtions 
et ProportionaUlale,'Paris,15l8,ful. 2. 'Ter- 
mini G.-yir^ii Ijokpri,' Paris, 1524, 4tn. with 
a di-dica1t»n to James Uenryson. 3. Healso 
edited and improved ' ( juffltionBs et Deci-^ 
siones Fbyucalea. . . Alberti de Ssxoniafl 
Thimonis et J. Biondani/ Paris, \'A6, foL ^ 

ITaniier's BilL Brit.; Exchequor Rolln «f 
Seotlaiid. xi. S53* : CaL State Pai^en, Srottiah 
8sr. i. 17; FrdnUin's Aneiwue* Biblio(h^a<>s 
dsPhria.i.407.) W.A.J. A. 

1680), of Cim>«-Hib, lord prHidcntortncoouit 

of ecuiun,huni about ItllUJ, wasyoungEfrltn^ 

tiler of Sir William Lockhart [q. v.j, and waa^ 
by his second wiff, Martha, dsngfater ol Sir 
De was admitted advocate & June 1056, and 
on 14 May ]6nj< was named adTOcaie to th« 
Protector during life, 'or so lotift as )w di^ _ 
meancd himself well thermn.' In 16.")f*-0haM 
was sh«riir of Lanark, and represeuted Lar ■ 
narkshire in the Kufclish parliament of 166&- 
1(V>^. At the KestorutioD tbc kiyaltvof his 
iatlier secured his pardon, but he bad humUr 
on his ku««s lo swear allwianoe toCharlM II, 
andloenvMteontrition rorhariagbeld oHics 
' under tlia usurper.* lo IBtfSbe was knighted 
by Charles. 

' Lockhart altimatvlv became the roost skQ- 
fiil and «IoqD«ni pleader of his tira«, his onl^ 
rival in forvnsic ability being Sir Geom 
' Mackenzie. ' lie did eo chann, and with hts 
' touffue,' wrote Lauder of Fouutainhall of 
hi* eloqu«'nc«>, 'dn*w us all afror him by tko 
ears in a pleasant gaptn{;amHzemenl audcon* 
stiaint, tiiat tbe woadeniil elTects of Orpheus* 
< har]> in moving the stones seeoM not im- 
' pncL-iible to an orator on ttw stupidest spirit' 
I (/fi>/.iV'u^Kv>s,p. ^). Inl67ahewik>i-lwted 
' deanaftheFafoltyofAdvoeates. InFebruary 
I Ut74 lie was the occsMon of one of the moat 
' notable occuTTenees etmnecte*! with ih« Scoc<- 
I Itsb bar. When tlw* court was about to 
decide a case agaiu»t his client Lord Almond, 
1 he advised an appeal ^m the coun to par- 
liament. Tbe iodgm n^fpinle*! tbe aetion as 
' illegal and disrespectful, and their viaw 
was adopted by thB garemmeiit. Lockluut 
, and oiIhtx with him in the case were d^ 
' barred from nur^mn^ their profeauon at the 
' pl«a«ur« of toe king, wbereapon fiA v other 
I advocatM in token of th«r wtMoi ol Lock- 
[ hart ToluntarUy withdrew bom pcaciice. A&, 





llie iniTanee of Lauilt'ntAlp, Lockhart and all 
hiR frwmU iTi-ro hantfihed fmtn Edinbiirfth 
Iweln- milns rouuU. A claj was fixed I'ur 
mukint; Uiflir submittion, bnt thvy «tUl 
out, and leg*) bnsiiics» was Tirtually 
aa>pended for s year ^niRXtrr, Omt Tim^, 
•d. IKW, p. 'JW). M leii^'lli, ilintii^'li tlie 
int»?r\-ontion of Sir Goorffe Mdcki-nii---, thti^y 
weiv indnced to yield, and wviv |»f nnitted to 
Tctum on arkHnwltHlhriiiff, fiomewliat nmbi-. 
^ou«ly,tluit lUc jiidii-ial proeBcdint;* of the 
«ourt w^i* not «u)ipeiidM nv apnt>*]0. I»<»k- 
faait biniiivU' wsd not n.-udmitu>a till '2^ Jan. 

During Uu! cOTiman t iiitr perseculioiis Lock- 
hart wAn in gn*x request for tlie dc-&nc^ of 
|KiIit ioftl pritooers, but sometimes tliv govem- 
ntPTit, A» in the case of Baillie of Jerviswnod, 
clalIll(^l hU servicefi. Hu dt-feiice of Michell, 
tricrl in l"l7fl for att»tni)lin^ to shoot Anili- 
Inshop tShitqi, wa« i!|ieciully notwrorthr for 
ei'vtiieai'e Biui boldtieSB (««« if>. p. J7tt). In 
1679 bewa« one of ibe couuwl i='iapIovr<l by 
tbeSmttitblonlatoimpi'itch llu- nuniitiixcm- 
lion of Laudvrditle bofon- 1 Kh kin j;. Engaf[ed 
MB counsel br tb«! Earl of Ai^U on hio trial 
lor treaaon in 1<>S1, bo was tlir«« ttcae» d»- 
friTvd of ihf sanction of a i%'arr»nt fmra tbe 

firirvL-nuiicil, ami it was uulyifninlLilat lu-'st 
e*i ArifylUboiiId ruliLSL' ti) |]lt>ad. In I'iHl- 
U^:?aii<i in 1685-0 Lockliart reorvs^-nted tin? 
county of Lanark inthcScotlisu parliament. 
On -A Dw. leX'i he succeeded Sir David 
Kalroner of Newton tm Innl pn»ident r>f thi' 
court of 8ei««ion. and in KtS'J brcani« a nifm- 
brr of the priry oonncil nnd a cnmnii*!>ioiier 
of the «scbiH)ucr. l^fwkbori and two other 
ncmbem of the ScoctifJi privy cnincil w->-re 
nitsnK>D«d to Loudon in 16^ to diK^iisi 
Jani*^ II'i4 ^r-ipfisalu for the Ppmo*-al of ca- 
Uloliti duahdiliee. They agreed to the pro- 
.fM condition thai vimiUr iudul;^-noe 
MrVgnuitcd toth^ pn><ibvt«re, and that the 
Imif; HTioiild bi>»d hitnsclf by an oalh not to 
do nnylbin^ pn-judiciid lo the protectant re- 
li^oa. Jamea mervly promUed some relaxa- 
tion of «evprity in his treatment of the prt-^- 
byterian!*. On hisrcitirpi from ■.omlon I.OL'k- 
lutrt ^tP>n!,dyu[ipo»Tcd (lie king'^i proposals at 
tbe mevting of lite committee of articles, hut 
when he aaw that resistance for the time waii 
hopelcM be (vased to oiler oppoKitioii, li\a 
friends i.-xplained that he irould better ferxe 
ihe interests of protestantipni by retaiuitiff 
office than rejiieninfr, but hin conduct laid 
hiiD opt;'n in oliarfn^s uf insincerity. How far 
hia^ympalhias were with the revolution can- 
Qot be accurately determined. BalcarrM 
•totm that be opposed the address to the 
Prince of Orange (ifemoirn, p. 17), btit he 
diod bvforo tbe gtnomment waa finally sot tied, 

beinir shot on Suodav, 91 March 1080. in the 
High StTvet of KdinVurgh by John Chietili-y 
of iHIrj', in n-venj-e for a deeiiion (riven by 
Lockhart. in favour nf Chie^lhy'e wife iu her 
suit for aliment. After bein^ tort un«d bv Th« 
bc>nt.'s<^iiie»li'y wai*ox«*nte<I on thefotlowinff 
Wmhnwday, and his bwiy himg in chains 
bet\%'een Listh and Edinburj^h. 

By hift wife, riiiladelpbia, daughter oftbo 
fourth Ijyrtl Wharton, Ixickbart had one 
daufflkleruiid twoMiis: George 'q.v.],antUar 
of ' Memoiri of Scotlmid," and Hillip [q. v.^ 
shot K5 a rebel at Pre«ton in 1715. 

[LAoder of Fotmtainball's Uiatorical Nolii-tM 
and Hisbarir<al Oliiter^-M (Bitnikiryno Club); Sir 
f3eorg» M*ol:»a«ie*i» Memoirfl ; Wodruw'* Suf- 
fering nf tfa« Kirk of .SoitUiiil; Bnrnci'd Own 
Tim*; Mj«i>lny* Kirt. of England; Burt'ina 
Hint. 111. Se,>rUmi.l T. F. II. 

IX)CKHART, GEORGE (167»-ir3I (.of 

CnrnwutU, .lacottiro and author, eld«»t iton 
of Sir Georfju Lockliort [q. v.l. lord preni- 
dent of the conrT of session, by Philadelphia, 
daughU'f of the fourth I^nrd Wfiartnn, was 
boni ill 107't. On the death of his fulber, 
81 March 1G89, hu succwded to an ample 
fortuno. 1I« soon manifested, rath-T in 
opposition to the traditions nf his family, 
strong aympnthies. for Ihr Stuarttt, and be- 
came one 01 tbe mo^t z>-alous and p'^rsi^tent 
of Jaeobiten. In 170i'-7,ttnd aiiaiii in 170!*- 
I 17H), hi> n-pniBpntj^d the city of Ediabtirffli 
I in ]inrliiuiient.aud in 1710-13. and ITl.i-lC, 
' the 'W'igtou burglv. )I(ich to his t^urprisd 
] he was in 1706 named a commitsiouer for 
the union with England. The govenimi-nt, 
bo believed, (litiu;;lit by such mt-aiie to win 
bis Atipport, and while jin-tendinu, with Ibe 
knowledge and advice *>f the leading Jiico- 
bilea, to accept the nomination a.* )iro<.<f of 
his friendlineM for the ineaAure, faillifidly 
report«d to his Jacobite confederates all tb*» 
proceedings of the commtssian, in order that 
mcthoila mifjht he more easily ciinirivod for 
fni8trutingtbera(£oofcAart I'afierr. i. 142-3). 
If« avoided tiiguing the articles by ab«ent- 
inf^himiwdf from the last meeting of the c»n- 
miiuion on 2^ July. 

Lockhart diocountcnanccd aa premature 
th« KbeiB« for a riaing promoted after the 
ratification of the union by Xnthoniel llook<i 
[q. v.] (hi it« failure hi' nnd his friend« 
directed their chief ellbrts towards gaining 
the countenance of (ju*^>en Anne. When iu 
1710 the queen WBa being urged lo di«miwi 
Mm. Miuham, Lockhart wax introdiioi-d to 
the queen bv the Duke of Hamilton to pn- 
»«1E on address of loyalty. She expressed 
her belief that lie was 'an honest innn and 
a fair dealer,' whereupon the duke replied 
that Lockhart ' liked her m^eaty and all her 




father's Iwinw' (i*. p. ;tl7). In 1712 Lock- I 
fanrt ftDd tlia Jarobites succeeilecl in obtain- | 
ing Hn oct for tli'.- toleration of the cpiitcopal | 
clcT^, and for tho rrstorntion of lay pntron- j 
ag«. In I'I'I tlii-v tuok ti(lv'[inlAi<L' of X\ui ' 
geiiem.1 ittiti|mt)ij In the propnw?d miill tax to : 
•orpaiiW amoun tlic- Scottisti members an un- 1 
siicCGAsful Tuovt'Tnont for the r(?|ieal nf thp 
uninn. Alw^nt the name time l-uukliurt fuc- 
«>9Hfiiny n-viMfil nil attempt to aaMiaiilat<> 
tho l''ngUsh uiid >Sco(tUh miHtiH. the ine»- 
Buiv hc'inft thrown nwt when m«ny nifralw>ts 
hHil left, tht^ lioiiflu in the htilii'f thitt tin- (li>- 
cii8)>i('n wuiild nvi Cinnip nn. In I~14 hu ia- 
tnxltiewl a bill tv^uming tho biehops' rpve- 
nuen ia ScotUnd AT)d n]))>]ying'them to the 
RpiAcnpal cIiTfr\'. but by tho (lueon'a com- 
mftnd tl wiw laid n.«ide. 

At the time of tho rebollionin 17IS, Lock- 
IiHrt was nrrestt'J Ht Drydt-n. his sent nenr 
KdinlHirKh, und ciuilinfd in Minbiireh 
CuNlle, bul fhiirtly iifler watt rcleaited nt tlie 
tn<TAnc« of til"-' l>iilie of Arp-ll, nnd he re- 
lin>d ta Ilia residence nt ('annvntli, l.aiiurk- 
Rhirft. H*T« IiP biuicd himsrlf with pn-parn- 
tton» to join tin* miiifi, tut his practices I 
Hr":nin* known, nnd lii? wa? rcfjHin'fl by thr 
Uiiko nf Arp-yll In n-Hirri tu Undi-ii, Wliilv 1 
thori' hf hp|<l nuctiirtml myoliiids with tb« , 
Karl of Wintnii. Ixiwl Keiimiire, and other 
Jaoobitofl. and roistKl a iro<5p of horsi*, whirb, j 
iindt'r tbi! comnmnd of hia hrothL-r I'bilip, 1 
joined III* rf'beU nt Ilippnr (tA. pp. 4HU-9M1, I 
Before ho had fiirtlitrr coniniitted liimMtlf 
h« was arrestetl by » party of Boldiei^ ^nt 
bv IlrifTndiey Melntosh. wKo brought him to 
KiliitbuiTrb Oasili'. wht-n- he endnrtHl a loii); 
iniprisoiuui-nt. Hl> wna ultimately set at 
liberty without « Irial. 

l-'rom about 1718 m 1727 Lnckhnri ncli'il 
the piirtof lliwCbevrilier'seonfidi-ritinl nj^ent 
luiil adrifvr in Scotbind. IIu trit'd in vain 
t<^ carry out Mar's pnijwt for obtaining six 
rhonftan^l \wA\h of ontnuml to he sent lo 
ChnrU'sMI ot S«e.!cn (»H. ii. S). Shortly 
nrterwaidi>:. at the injitaiice of Mar, h« made 
nn attempt to win over Argyll tn the Ja- 
*vvbift'«, and Iian'ly eftcapeil deterlion in 
oonn»!Ctioii with the milortunnri* fxpiniition 
to the hi|;lilaud# in 1718. Vhon the oap- 
tivr Spanittli bnttjtiion wwi bronffbt wiiith to 
Edinbuiyb, be obiaintNl for IXm NiroLa.i,tbe 
oommvider. 'credit for lu much moimv fut 
tnt ii«c«f»ar.T fir himself and liis men'<i2. 
11.34), On Irf^clihnrl'* proposal the nfl'iur« 
of the Chevalier in Seollnnd were in 172:? 
«ntruslMil to a body of tniRt4-(M (ih. u.-*G\ 
iMit th« arranpomwiit did not mat 'rially im- 
prove hi" iir-ispecia. He endf-avonrrd *!«> 
in p.ttnbliiiri an eoclesiast iral rommitter of 
Scottish bishops to act coi\joiDtly with this 



secular body, but to be controlled by tha 
will of their exiled aoverci^. TWix b-d ta 
Acrioiis internal diMendons amonjr theepi- 
!u:npRl inns, and one indirect rosnlt was thalri 
Die enrrestiondence of IjfH'llharl with tlu 
Chevalier tell in 17:^7 into the Itandi* of th« 
povernment {it. t\. 330). A warrant wa« 
m^iiiinJ ^or hi* apprehension, but he made bisM 
■■j-eape to Diirbiun, where he remained cnn->B 
cealpd in the honhe of a friend till 8 April " 
17l'7. when he sailed to Port. 

W'bii.- in London in January 1725. lock- 
hart linil had a violent iiuarrel at the Duke 
of Wharton '» honi<e in T.inndnV Inn Fields 
with the Duke of Ilaniikon. in reference M 
the ' ^Uraoiwof .Scotland.' A duel was pro- 
p(wd in the morninir, but Ijaekhart woa pui 
under aiTesI {Itfad'i Jouritalf ^Nlt.urdAJ, 
■JO Jan, 1725, quoted in Kot^t and Queria, 
»nl «.'r. viii. (U). 

Owing to the Influence of Colonel Hay, 
titular earl of Tnvemi!5.<i, Lockhart met with 
a somewhat indilTerfnT rereptjon at tbeexiled 
nnin. Tho Iluke of Ar;!^!! nnti Ihmcan 
Forbe* [q. v.], then lord advocate, who took 
a 9troo|B interest in Ijockhart, oblaini^ for 
him in 171'*:* a license to return to Stvitland, 
iiiid ii. wat arnmgi'-d that on his way north ha 
should fiti^n through l^ndon. Here lie had m 
an int^-rview with the king, who f^dd him fl 
thtit be • had been long in a bad way.' ami " 
ibnl he would jiid^ by bis future cnnduct 
how far he lU'wrved the favour whtiwn him 
{Lmk-Aiirt I'tiprrr, n. It9"). I^M-kharl satd 
nftem'ard* that he would dadly hnvc'evited' 
the interview, but that bein^ iti the hou.<e of 
Kimnion he was under the necesflity of ' Imw- 
iiig the kne".- loDiial.' Oti liintvlum I<»Scot- 
landhelivcdinprcRl retirement, and entirely 
ceased bis rorrespoodoMre with the Cheva- 
lier, wliiowi* cAuse ne n-j^rdiwl n>t boneh** ao 
lon^ ax the management of his aflain ro* 
niained in the bnndi* of Itiveme*«. He w^a* 
hilled in a due! 17 Pee. 17;il. By his wife, 
Kviptieuiia Montiroiuert,', dnuf^hter of Mie 
ei|;lith Karl of E^linton. he had eipht daufib- 
ter-nnd six soiK.of whom dt^n^' (incrt^eded 
him, nnd Alexander of CraijthouHO became a 
lord of WHwion. fieorjfe prutlcnlly surren- 
dered to Sir John Cope in 1746, on the dav 
after tlie battle of (iladsmuir, and pot off 
with a mild swntence of imprisonment . Hir 
son GtKirge cintiiiitcd 'out ' after Culloduu, 
e«ca]wd to Paris, and died there io 1701. 

In 1714 there wn$ pnblishi>d anonyiiiou>lT» 
without I/M-kbnrt*s consent, ' Memoiranf lae 
AHiiirsof Scoiland fiMm Queen Aune'« Ao- 
oc**iyri to the Throne to the camm*nc«m#nt 
of the L'nion of the two KiniHoms of Scot- 
laud and Kn^land in May 1707. Wilb an 
Avcotiul of the (>rigiue and Progress of tltn 




leeigned Inrwion fmm Krsnci" in March 
JlTOf . And tume Eletlectiona ou the Ancient 
pfiiate of Scotland. To which is protixeJ o.n 
ItitroJuciion shnwtnf; xhv ivu*on for pub- 
^lUbing tb^se Memmrs st this junctun-'.' To 
li« »6cou(l &nd third editions, publishud in 
^Hd iMkine year, them waa ndded an app^'ndix 
|«rtnlHintn<f an iiccnuiit of the hribt;rv oin- 
"ploypil to win support to the union, tn the 
»&niii> rear were jmnted wporatelv ' A Key 
to th*" M*'moirs of thft AtTaira of Scoltnnd ' 
and n ' l*mtK$i«nt Indvx to Mr. l<ock— i'b 
MemoirH.' TbMK- u« bound iiii wilU some 
eopiett of tbe second or third editions of 
thf ■ MpOToirs." I.ockhiirt'9 * Pflpcr* on thn 
Affaire of 8c)Jt]HUi),' including Wt»' Mvtnoir^' 
and the corp.>spondenct!<_'f the Cberalier, ap- 
wftred in l$li in two volumes. The'LocR- 
tart Paperi ' arp atnoni; the mo«c valimbte 
aouPTv* lor lh<> lii^'tori-of tlttf Jaoobit« move- 
ment. Lockharl'» sketchiK iif the cltBrnctt.T 
of contemporarv Scvrttish polit icians are often 
I alrnnsly prejudiced, but indicate ki^i>n di^ 
oeniim^utofat least the we^ntt»08 of human 

[Lockhart Pkperv. 1817 ; St«« Prtpwa. 18*7; 
I Cnm-tiwjwirnc' of KalhnnicI Honkt-; Chiun- 
' b«T>'a Kiaiarat Scoiamvo ; Fon>t«r'» Mrnibor^' of 
thf Scottish Parliament.] T. F. U. 

<rf. lit74>,Sc':'tti3hjudae,wa»»ouofSir.lamea 
Lockhart of Lre. by tiis wife. Jean ^^'eir o( 
Sloaebyrca,LBnnrki«hin'. Whilf ^lillii roimf; 
man ba was a pentlpman of lh<> privy cham- ; 
* bcr to Charles I, and wn.* ktiiirhtcil. Hh Hat 
in th« parliarat-nts of Ifi-IO iind irA3 a* com* 
misMonfrforLannrkshin', and wu!^ appoinittl 
a lord of thp arlich'a on tHi Juni* IfW-'l. )[o 
did not ait in the parliament of U^ I, pro- 
bably on arrount of hi* adh^ronce to tho 
Marquis of Hiimilton. In MiH. and anin 
in ItHo, he contented l.annrksl-iint against 
Sir William Hamilton, and on th« wrond 
occasion with BncM'***, I'pon th^ first ihcm 
waa a di«piili.-d ri-tiim d(M.'ide<]. ii Junv 1014, 
in £lvoor of llnmilt^n. On 1 Teh. l<t4o hu 
waa ap|iointiHl a ixiramisxioner of the ex- 
cbMfuer, and on 2 July \i\m an orrlinnrr 
lord of sesflion tii succ(«si(in to Lord Hiirie 
the elder, who had di4>d. fie took ytnri in the 
•nsa^cement for th« relief of Kiii^ ChiirW in 
10jH, and nnd4M' the .ManiuiH of Hamilton 
eommanded a ^(^;rim(.■nt at Itiobattluuf Pn.-«- 
Inn. Accordingly, on 15 Feb. 10-19, b« waa 
diTpn«-«d of hi* ofticw by the Act of Clas9e«, 
and waa bani«hi>d with otbcm by an act of 
the Hetates, 4 June lO'iO. lie ptrl it ioue«l fur 
thf removal of hia sentence of IwmishQient , 
and on 5 Dec. of the same rear hi? baniNh- 
nwnt waa annullod. Upon hia return he be- 

came a member of th« commiitw? of «eta(ee, 
and was chosen to eiiperiutetid the levy for 
the inva.«ion of Englnud under Cbarle^ U. 
On '^S Aiiif. lii-'il he was siirpriwd by a party 
of En^rliali soldiers at lllyth, and was taken 
prisoner. lie was carried to Omughtv Castle, 
ftnd waa conveyed thence into Kngliind, 
wlier* he wns ewnrnally plact^ in tho 
Tower, ami wan imprisimt-'d there fur Mime 
yeara. At len^h, on the intercession of hie 
«nn. Sir William lockhart ^q. v.'', be waa set 
at Uberty,And in l(Kfl waa nvlured lo biA sent 
on the bench, was sworn of the pri;T coun- 
cil in Scotland, and was again appointed a 
(vimtniasioner of the ovrheqiier. In ihf jwir- 
liament;!! of IWil, HKm. «nd ItMi'rf lie n.-pro- 
sentt'd Lanarkshire, and was llir<)U){hi>ut a 
lord of the articles. In ItiOl? he opposed the 
Ejection Art at Otas^tow, and waa rei»orted 
to have biicn the only man sobi-r in Ihu 
ai!»emhlr, which t-arnvd for itself tbe name 
of the 'f*nmken parliament' (KiMtTON, Iti»- 
tftry rtf (he Chnrrh uf Sentfand, p. HJt). In 
lISTI lieMicce>xted Sir.)olin 1 lome of Kenton 
a< lord jiutic« clerk, and held that post till 
he died in May lttr4. 

[Bonks of Scdemnt . Acr« Scots P.irl. : Bal- 
f'mrVAonals.iT.H. 42.200; liriintoni»n<l Haiti's 
SflUilnMOf th« C"ll. of J«"tien : BiirtonV in»t. 
of Scotland, vii. 43>>: Lamout'a I>iarv. p. '1 1.1 

J. A. II. 

I8.*>4), luoffnipher of Seotl. horn on 14 .luly 
IT'.'l at tbft manpe of Cainbii^inclhBn, waa 
son of the Rev. John Lockhart (17ttl-]8J3), 
minister of Cambiisnei hull hyliit Aitcond wife 
Klizuhotii, tIniiK-liiiT of Jiiliri (JJbitori, ininis- 
tHr of St. Cuthbi-rt's. Kdinbiir^U, and fi^nd- 
daU|ihter. throujjh lier mother, of llenry Er- 
skinc, third Ior<I ( 'artln'ww [n . v.^ The father, 
the second son of William lyockhart, laird of 
Birkhtll, Lanarkahiri', bad by a liri^t marriage 
ont! soii,"WiIliam, afterwards laird of Milton 
I^ekliart and nt>>mberfor Linarksbin-. John 
Gitieuu wsis IIr' eldest son uf tin.' M.-eond mar- 
riaffe. The falher became minister of the Ool- 
le>re Kirk in Gla^ow in the summer of ITtKS. 
JohnCiih^iou waaa delicate child; lii» hiMlth 
sutTered from contincmeiil in thu town, and 
a juvenile illnesa made him partially th'af 
for life. He waa early aent to the Eit^rliAh 
«chool, thence to the h)^b school, and at the 
cud of 1805. ht-fore he was twelve, to ibu 
university of Glaagow. He waa then re- 
corerins from a g«riotis illneM brought on 
hy f^ief at the nearly 4imultAneou« deathaof 
a youngvr hnillier and liistcr. Hu waa full 
of fun and humour, though he disliked rough 
Eame«.and already showed n turn forsatin'. 
His fcllow-at udenta proved their liking for 




him tiy oDoMlIag km wiU an t il i fil i n i l 
L«tui fiiam wiMa b* bftd Ctilcd lo okcwui 
OM ol tht two at^nlfBl bj the n ■!■■»■' 
MUi. Ilia diaf^y uttheimt aammatiom, 
mimtt ha taofc » aa oiimimI qnuttitT of 
Ofntlt, pnesfiMl tuBi • wNDtiMtioa to a onall 
•sUhhww at Ihlliol Coll«^, Oxlbcd. He 
•nfcrad iW oollf;)^ io IHAf. Ibi oonreA tbe 
watU of him nxna* with cuicsliina of luf 
frlanla aad UnaelC tB4 did eot «p«K the 
aitrlvrntiM. T't n']uTu1<! « tatvr who bad 
tn5<l'' « (•'ntil (if 'lwulltrii( ujon hetminD* in 
tibw <in-fk Ttitttunrul, lyHrktinrt wrute what 
•B|W4rT-'I Ut hn a II>-brrw Ibc ad- 
minitioTi nr tiu lew-hn'.nlut ibtnred it lotlw 
niMiff nf tlte eoUcgv. ft tunuM nut Io be 
all Kii((li«li lainpooo oa llii) (utur in UvIjkw 
rh*r\u-%iirt. Ijookbart waa a iftod claMieal 
M;h'>Ur, wTtits frxc(rilmtt ijitio, anJ nmd 
Krpiicli. Ilaliaii, aiMl 8|iani«li. lie (otik r 
Ar»t rliiM in rlnMieH io tlia EaBt«r term of 
IMI3. Arannif Iii«<'nnt4*miv>ri»rii-»WM* H.H. 
Mllnmii, ■fbTwnrd* lliu <lf«n of .St. Paul's, a 
lifnloii([ frutir), Niid Sir William Ilitmilton, 
win) •iRv-i'.'f|tfiI ill (Jivcnirig Iiitn fr'>m u hrief 
Im[i«" iiii't liiinliiii; nnil UMiiintr- l/wk)uin 
enriMl ii'itliiriif for ojinrt a( ncli'^xl or in afler- 
lifw. Iliuiiirtnti wAjt H viiirm fni-n'l until 
thry wore airpurnlM by puliticul differvncm 
(Qwirtrrlj/ A-t'^nr, OuldUr IWt-l). 

IjiM'khart, it in iUUkI, wioht^ Io olriAin a 
ehApUhiey in tli« army unJer Wullini^ton. 
Til" wiir wmjil liavo bt^m over before K*^ waa 
nrattu t" liild'onhm. llin riilhmlii>a[r|ir(iv>-<(] 
lliK Hi-li'-tni', lunl nrttir tcaviiii; Oxfitnl Im 
Mmlit"! Imw in l->linbiir0b. IIh became nn 
ndTncMlq in IHIH, but wnrrt'ly tnaU hiit prn- 
fawiiiii w>rimi«ly. Ilisalrtirig tilrrun.- tanU» 
iin<l b'tl liim to otiidT (JcrmaTi, ttn<l Lv tv- 
wtlvi^l I II vi»Jt Wwiinur (o «i>i> f loiihc. Keforo 
iniiii^ Itii (■[fn'oil will) ItlurkwiifHl )o trormlute 
F. HphlrKi'l's IcftiircK (111 lliK liiolotT *if litn- 
raturn, TIh- book whm not |>ub]ii»li<><l till 
Ift.1W, Till bisrnnin B rnmribntor !<» ' Uliielc- 
wivxl'tt MoifDxino.'Htnrtoi) in A|iril IH17. Ilia 
lirsl iirlii'l»«N[i)ii-iirril in llinfwvi'nlli nmiibiT, 
wbpH h" aLiftckcd tli'.' ' iidiiiburtfli U-'Viiew,' 
t1ii> ^iii-rnlli'il ' I'ltr-kiii-y Hi'lvnol' nl g>>»<li<, am) 
(-olvriilffrN ' I!io)frii]iliin Lit'Turin.' He wnn 
iiii|i[iiH'-(l Io lui\(> linil n Nliii.nt in tlmCh^lddii 
MH, rtiii'flj- wriltcn by JBrni«ti Il<>ff;r I f| v." 
n1iiii>i-^l biin um (Iih ' Hciirpion ' in » puiuiililul 
(•■Il'il ■ I ly|ii>cnny t f in'«'iti-<!,'biit lii« opnou^nl 
(l"(']in>'il to <'(iin>i> riii>wtinl, Iitirkluirr <iiil n»t 
Cnnllni- InmiiL'ir In nnl irr>,nllliniiK]i liiit Niliriral 
arliclcH nniurnlly tuiuK' lh*< in-nl uihou, but 
vrn>1« Miinn cliiMMirHl iirlJrbMi nnd |tiirtry, in- 
clmlinH mtmv xf liis vitrt' njiirilinl irnnnUtinns 
nf K]ini(ii>li I>iiIU>1h (riillf^tiHl in li<-2S'). In 
Biaj- lt*lS till) Itrilliaiit yoaag lory writer 

■ct Wt3tm Sam, wha wm in ' 
taUtahMtGoNWat Wemar. ~^„;. 
Um to Al*aufa< Md hirawf a 

Oa30 Afril laSOUckfen ismfTwd 
aUMtdaartUr.SopUa. Tbaraeulad 
ooUage «r Ukiefrwaad OB 8«vtt • eatate. 
«Ab ifCBl tbe ^ wH& tlmn. aad tbqr 
■awWw rftaa »a< jliiMla docaaitie 
PiifbM tbii pniad be wroie tbe UatatMd 
nut of tbe • E£iibar|[fa Anmul Begiitec*' 
In IS19 be pnUiabed ■ Pt-ur's Letten to hii 
K i nafo l k . ' aaintawiamgdea erip ti o nofMa* 
DuT|^ aocuC^ vld^y nowvTCfV CBiTC aonfr 
offtmee^ e^eaallj to tbe irbi^ hy its per- 
ao aal i tt ea, aad petbaiia, •• r^xitt «ud. hy iu 
tratIi.Tbepet*inalitiea vm« hamlaaacnrngb, 
a« jodsed Iw a later sundaid. In a I>mh<> 
about bimeetf LoeUuut apolfi^isee indiRieuir 
fur his exceasirp love of Mlire. lliu knov- 
ledge of Germin literattir? and phlloAopliT 
baa, he aars, ftrrairThv-ni-d hit platocktsm, aad 
fnTtm turn ■ torn fur ridiculing the incoosroi- 
ties of life ; bat he hopes to sirilce a di^rait 
note hereafter, lyocklian wrote norvla, and 
continui^ tocooinbuie to Ularkwixid. The 
noVb'U hare considt'rsble merits of style, but 
«howthat he was »caret-Iy a novelist by lutoK. 
In ISSfiB-DinacliTiBiio^lhimatChieiiiwooil, 
bringinj; him an olbr fn>m Murray of th«t 
editomliip of th>.< projf.>ct«fd ' llpprvauntatirtf.' 
Lockban decUneo, panlv because such a 
p(>«ttinn wa« then in bad rt-pute. Murrar 
dintcily ancrwarda (13 Uct. 1^25) olTiwl 
him t be editofwbii) of the ' Quarterly Itevieur/ 
which since Gtnard'a T«ei;^ation had been 
«^ited hy John Taylor Coleridf^ C^-^-] ^* 
BC'Copti^J Mr' lM)4t, with a salary of l,uUO/. a 
your, and Mttlli'd in Iiondan nt the cod of ibv 
vcar in Pall Mall. lie afterwar<U mov«d to 
Sussex PIh*''', Kflg^nl'a Park, wlienj lie lirnd 
tillnfiar fii,* rlcHlb. Tin- 'Quarlerly Kfvit^w' 
fii]|y muiul (lined its charactiT uudur bis rule. 
ilvi is reported to have bfw-n admirably bitsi- 
nL'8»-likn and rnurtHoiiB in Iiin di-alingn with 
rnntribiilorn. IIriipi>(.'tm>LiibAVt;t«ken nioro 
liberties with their arliclee than would now 
ho reli*bLfd, n practice in which ho only fol- 
lowi}d the prH-i.'duiit of JnfiVcT nnd (iitTbrd. 
Lord Malion (afterwards St«iilii>pp) wn« no 
much vex*}d by the insertions made byCroker 
in an arfirlo' upon tht> FR'neh twrniution in 
1h3.'1, tbiil Im published the arliclu in its 
first shape as a protest. Lockliart was pro- 
bably hampered to some extt^nt by the tra- 
diliims nt tho * Ri'view' and the infliiHUiLti 
upon itA innna^ineiit of his chi«f contributor, 
Oriiknr. rarlyic olii-tvd bis article on 'Chart- 
iftui'to him iu 18^); but LoL-kbart, thoiiffh 
ayinpatliiHiii^ with itn tt'ndimcy.wiid tlml ho 
'dawd noc'ptibliah it. Corl^lu was much 




], bowerer, by Ijockhiirt, and ever 

irmuds * spoku oi him of, ha Helilom «polcu 

any man* (Pbocde, Carlj/le in Ltmdwi, 

!. 1fi4, I7i>. 2R8; cf. leiler from !,,m-kharr in 

[Obi>ki:r, Mrmoirt, \mi, ii. 409). While 

litinc: thi) 'tJuarterlT' Lockhart wrot« bLs 

lirable life of Duma for ' Coostable's MJi*- 

lluij' in ir<:ilS,i»nd«iijwrintflnd«>d MurrBt's 

'KunilyLibnr^-.'for wiiicli lio wrc>t«iii \&Ji^, 

ttlaa Crst tuIiuo'.', d lifu uf Nauok-uo. His 

|pv«tc«t book, however, was 'The Life of 

jScott,' pul)U»hH in m>vi'ii rolumeH, thf ]n^t 

jof which appmred in ls:tS. Ilv had ndinir- 

wb)i} ouit«nu]» in Scott'a k-tt«r» uud jour- 

IaaU, but he turned them to «tich a<xoimt 

Ithat tha bic^^raphy miiv safely l»e dpscribf*! 

[w, next to IVwwi'lIV * J'ihiii<<)n,' thi' bt-M in 

' Nig'i"tfi Uv huadmlorvr alt tht.* profits 

to Sir WaheT Scou's creditor*. 

Lockhart was proud and reflerved,and mvB 
[*a impreseioii of roldnr^ in |i>-rtHral eix-ii^lT. 
iBat Le eould relax amoE^r iutimalo fm-utf^, 
anA had tht rare chami which nccompAniot 
theoecasioiialr(!relnli«n under aiich nrciim- 
•UiDC«» of a fine mind nud (character. lie 
sufiervd serere family »on»wB. ills ekle»t 
boy, John Hugh (thv Ilu|;h Littki John of 
Scott E 'TalraofaUrandfathi^r'), was always 
aickly.nnd died in 1631. Ilia love of children, 
' fts hU college friend Chri*li<^ saya {Qu^rffrli/ 
/E^rw-ir, civi. 418|, was liko lliu lovi.' of a 
woman. He waa never hnnpit^r thim with 
thu child in hi« arnu, and Irum thu timv of 
hi* lo»« an «Tpr»s#ion of melancholy became 
tiabiiual with bim. He lost his wife in 1837. ' 
He waa strongly atlai^hed to his daughter 
Charlotte, who on 19 Xxi^. 1<^7 marriml 
I Jamee itobt^rt Hop«-Scott 'ji- v.j Though ho , 
I grieveiJ by the conversion of the Hopes 
to catboUrism, the mnlual aS'oction was not i 
diminished. Anothtrson.WaltfrSoottLock- | 
,bare, cnierad ihe army in lrU6, and wn? 

rd by hit own conduct from his ful her, 
they were ivconciled shortly before 
[Sb« son's death on 10 Jan.1&63. L<K;klurt'i4 
years irpr« saddened by bi« isolntion. 
[Ilti withdraw from society, and injured hU 
boalth by exoesaive abstinence. He revived ' 
B litlie when, under medical ordeni. he took 
more n'mrialiment. But he became prcmii- 
1 tUfrly old ; liis mii^hl failed, and in the sprinc 
I of llS*'-1be fioAlly nstirwl from the ' l^uarlerly? 
He TOcnt the winter of l^^;l-4 in Italy, and 
read I>iinte with enihiwiasm. He rctumi'd 
in the summer of 18>>1. and,nner visilinf^his 
brotliv William at Milton I»ckhart, went 
to AhbotsfonI ro be under the care of hit 
daughter and her hnslmnd. He (^dually i 
»Buk. and died on 'J't N'ov. 18*4, in the room I 
t'Si^-XT m thai in which Scott had di^. I 

LAcJthorl was made auditor of the duchy < 

of I^aneaster in 1413, ■ post worth about 
400/. a year, by his friend l^id liranvilk< 
Somerset, dmnceUor of the duch> . This was 
his only public appointrattnt. He was a 
81 rikinKly)iaudsami.i man, tall undslight, with 
masses of black hair, which suddenly htx^ainc 
peyahortly before his death (!?eo dtwriptiuu 
by Griffin in Smiles's -Uurmy, ii. £35). A 
|)iclnrv in '.Mriclijw*'* Portrait Uallery' pro- 
bably ^ves a good imDre«sion of his appear- 
ance. A portrait by I'ickersfi^ll is engraved 
as fmmisi{iieo> to the lyTifi edition of the 
'.SiMiii^h llullads.' 

lAJckhart'e works { braidus crmtributinns to 
1. ' Pel4?r's l^?tt»'rs |o hi^ Kin»tVilk, by I'eter 
Morri;* Ilii^i (_>donti(*t' (pseudonym), 1819. 
2. ' A'aJerius, a Roman Story,* 1 S2 1 . H. ' Some 
passajiren in the Life of Mr, Adam Blair.' 182S. 
■I. ' li<>)finjild l>aUon,a8toTy of Kn^livb Uni- 
versity l,ifL>.'l823. A. 'AiicieuCSpiinmh Bal- 
lade, Historical and Romantic, translated, 
with Not«-8,' 182.^ 6. ' Matthew WalJ,' a 
Novel, 18^4. 7. ' Life of lioben Hums,' lf*-irt. 

8. ' History of Napok-im Jiuonaparte,' 1829. 

9. * Ilialori" of the late ^Vft^. with Sketches 
of Xelw>n. Wellin^on, and Nup'-ileon.' 1832. 

10. ' Memoirs nf the Life of Sir Walter 
Scott.'IAJO 8. ll.'TheBslknlynenumhug 
handU^d,' 1830 [sw under BAl.LAXTTJfE, 
.Iaub^J. Ix>cktitirt also edited, with noKiC 
^lot teiix'a t ranslatioD of Don (juixote,'€ vols. 

ero, isi-j. 

[QtianeriTKevie*forO(^>l>f.r lfi84.cxTi.439- 
48^. by 0. It. Oleig (q. v.) : Cruker's JUsmoirs. 
1884, U.40&. iii. 8, 12, 7A, 7», &0, lOA, 108. I9l, 
293. 3U ; TimcM, 9 Doc, I»fi4{article«lt7ib«t«d 
to Lord KoturtMon), ra[iriiktoil Iwfnra niilion 
of SpaDi«K Itsllods in 1656; SmiWs Moinwrs 
of Juhn Mumiy. 1«U1, ii. 18P. ItW. l»e. 19», 
220-37, and o^«h<<rr: Orntbr's Hope-Sutl. 
1884. ii. 13-J, ISS. 144~«.] ' L. 8. 

MAXWELL (lWJI-1882). novaisi. born in 
IKil, wa* iion of th« U'-v. LanretiCf [.ockhart 
of Milton Lockhart, Liiuarkshire, by hiswifu 
Louisa, daughter of David Blair, an ftiut India 
merchant, of UlaKffow. He was nephew of 
John (iib*on iiOcklinrt [q. v.] In 1841 he was 
senttnthesehoolofMr. Bruugbtuu&tXewinK- 
toii House, near Kdinhui^h, where he tnaile 
some lifelong friend.>«hipg. .\ftertwoorthr(w 
yearw ho returned home to be fdncaL-d by a 
t»rivate tutor, and in 184'>beenlered<TlaEgnw 
Vuivernity. lie slaved there, with a year's in- 
terval, till in I'j'WKe entered Cains College. 
Cambridgi\ llegmdiinrtHi ll.A.ia ISAri^aud 
M.A. in l8)U,and on 9 I-'eb. 18-Vi he received 
a commission as ensign in the 9:?nd reeiment 
(CJordon highlanders). He joined bw regi- 
ment at Kdiuburgh, went with It tuUibraliar, 

Lockhart ; 

andlaododstOaltcliiTaonlJSSept.lSSS. He 
WM mnd^ lifiitcnsnt on 4 (>c>. Ho Aflrrtx) 
in T.lif trenchfls before Seha^topnl duniijf tins 
I'oUowinfC winler. tn May l85tJ Ibe regi- 
ment returned to GibnlUr. Ijockhurt cftme 
to Kn^lnnd upon nick If-avt' in 1H57. Hn 
jnired thp depot in SMtland, «nd during 
iHTi!) iiiid l^!€Oli<^ld El repimi-Qtal a^tpcnutm^iit 
lit Il««i(fate, and afl'Tflrnrd* nt (!ftnihridgfi. 
In ISBO liti innrriinl K«tlR'ririii, dnuR'titi^r of 
Sir Jnmcs Uiissoll of Ashlt^stie), hy his wife 
Marv, duuijhternt' Sir James &iid Lady Helen 
Half nf r>im)rI»M. Mr*, i/ickhnrt diwl in 
llie 8i>ringor IHTO. In 1H6'_* l/jcl<hiiri; inin.«l 
his ivpiinpnt in India, vrliiflii-r it had liwn 
MHl ill 18-">8. He petumeJ wilh it to Eug- 
lund in \f*^ii^, and rrcflivp-d }ii» r-ntniniiuinn 
aicaptttin on 11>.TBn. )>^fl. }io rt<tin>d rrt>m 
the urniy in ]Hf-% and devutud binuidf It 
lilemry work, cnntribulinpcluefly to'Uiock- 
wondVMagsKinp/inwhiphhf piiblislipd thrwH 
nmt'li!, ' IMiiMfn and (iuits,' ' Fiiir to Soi',' and 
•Mine is Thinw." Tliwy wun- rupublishud in 
IftdO, H*71,andI87ttrespectivoly. OnrJunf- 
1870 hebecttmpTnajiffof theSeidmyal l-anark 
miltlia. In July he was n|:ipninTi^l ' Tiftn.-*' 
comispoadent for lhi> Franco-nemiim war. 
11b was with the French nrmy at tht* bnttlc 
of Korharh, The French afu^rwartU refused 
to uUow foreijfii curreiipiiudc-ntK wilh ihi^ir 
armiM, and uiKin tbe doaih of Colotiel IVra- 
berton, liTtcUiiaTt ^ucce«<]dd him aa corre- 
Bpondcni with ihe Gi^rnmna. The hardships 
and ex|H>»urr of an employ nicnt in wliivh 
be took the livetitat interest laid the Heeda 
ofpaltnnnarydweaRe. He bwamnlieurenant- 
cnlftnrl of th<? I. nnnrk militia f»n H April 1877. 
From 1879 syinploina of failing h^^allh force^d 
him to try variotu climatea, and he diud at 
Mentonc on 3-1 March 1882. He vras buried 
in tha ci^melery thorp. 

, IxM-kbart n-ii» a man of vury charming 
charairter, uniting singular «ii»eifi«line»« to 
unn«iial bunyancy of spirit, even to his laat 

Ilia first novel wm a 'roinedy of errort*,' 
bordering npo>n thv farcinal : in thn lnti>rbe 
was more seriona in sim ond eareful in exi^- 
cittlon : but all showed the Bnnif? nnsUries of 
ffrent vivacity, combined with ueliracy of 
perception nnd finding for the T«fined and 

[Infitrmation from hU &m>ly; Illarlcw[>od*i> 
Mag. April 1R82 1 

LOCKHART, PHILIP (l«90P-I71fi), 
JacobiU", bnithiT of Oenrge I.A)clihart .^i-v.]. 
niithnr of Memuir* of J^cul land,' and younger 
*0Q of Sir 'Jenrgi* Irfirkhnrt of Camwath 
rq.V.]. bv Philadeiphin, duiitrhler nf t he foiiri h 
liord Wharton, waA burn about UtUO, At lliu 


rvbelljon in 1716bc i»nimanded a troop raiaad 
by hi.t hrotbcrV interest and forming ine Kfth 
under Vienount K<'amun», whom h« joined at 
Biggar. He wa* taken jtriitonur at (bt) battle 
of Preston on 13 Xov., and baving baen pre- 
viou-tly a balf-psy officer in Lonl Marli tCer's 
regiment, lie was on tlie tWih cnndemnod to 
death by a court-mnrtinl us a duwrtcr, tJia 
ttentr-nce being carried out on S Dec. Ilia 
hrntber 8tativ» thai, when abcmt to hp rbot ha 
dttclinud tying a napkin over bis far»*, and 
' having with gTt>at eli^valiou rocummcndeid 
himself to Hod, lit* cocked bi« hal. and call- 
ing on ttiLim to do their last, he looki-d death 
and his mitrdert'rH in the fane, and ren>iTed 
the shots thai put an o.nd to lua days' ( /„tek- 
hart Paiiert, i. 497). Patten, who de^crilMS 
him a^'a young gentleman of eomclv ap- 
pearance and verr handaoaie,' suhBtautially 
corroborates IjOck"bart's Btatement ( Ilutitry 
of th^ liehrliioiL, :Jnd edit. p. 63). A pniLt 
uf him ha« been publiehed. 

[Lockhart Priperw; Putt^a'a WiaXt^xy of tha 
ItobeUion ; Nt^blua Cunt isuKl Ion of Gnuiger. tii. 
AQ3.1 T. V. tt- 


HC7<i),iif, Holdierand diplomalist. bomin 
IDl^l, was eldest Koti of Sir James Lockltarl, 
lord Lcc U\. V.J. hy \\\!f. (k*cond wife, Martha, 
daiightiT nf Sir Reorge Hiiiiglas uf Monling* 
toil, IVrwii^kshirf!. and maid of honour to 
Uenriet la Maria. Dissat isliud with lua treat- 
ment at ths school at Lanark he ceased to 
Bitnnd ; left hi.s home to nlav (ruant in th« 
wood.-*, and, diwpile his fatder's efforts lo 
bring him back, juumeyvd to Leith, whence 
he saili>d for Holland. Though only thirteen 
yi^ar^ nf ngt^ he was permitted, being tall 
and strong, in enter tli» stsrvicB of the Stal«a 
(life in Noble, U'AUt </ Cromwtll, ii. 23fi, 
on the authority of a family life in mana- 
Bcript). Subwetjuently he nia<le his way to 
Dimiig, wberi- his relative. Sir tJeorgo I>ou- 
glas, took him under hi^ protection. Sir 
Oeoi^died at Damiii in Poincrania in 16CJ6, 
and l.^)rkhfiH ai^compnnied the hodv to Eng- 
land {i^. p. 2'10l. rinding hiinttelf still un- 
coufortHolc at home, ho again withdrew to 
ihe continent, but uioncv wnl him by liii 
mother enabled him to suppirt himself and 
Improve liis education, t^ubsef^ueutly be 
cntored the I'reneh army a.* a volunteer, and 
nttract4.-d fbe attention of the (jueeifmothpr, 
who, teaming that he was a Hcotttsh genlle- 
Dtan, presented him with a pair of colours. 
He ro»e to be a enptain of hnrsp. 

During the civil war Lockhart, on the 
snlicitutinn of William Hamdton, carl of 
Lanark [see IUmr.To.v, William, se^-oo'l 
LtrKH OK HAMiLTU.tJ, r«turne«l to Scotland, 

iaad 1 









mmd becune licutea&nt-colorel of I.AD&rk'B 
regimenu On the iiUTender of Charles I to 
»o«Scotti*hiinMyb*for*?N>w(irl£ inMny IfUH, 
lie wuinlroduciHl tu the kmg.wbo kniirlilLNl 
Vim. Charles M>nt him, niter th« tl^^fHat of 
Montrose ai Philipbaujih in Sfi'tvJnV>«r, to 
the Duke of Hnniihontu obtain his intlnencv 
in pHMMirin^ as rnfuurabk' Itrnns ux {wwiible 
for Montrofte, bm th« luItiT hnJ msanwhlle 
I'-attde hi* e«cat>e. I>i')ckhnr1 mrrv'i^d in the 
ay of ihf 'riiffiigpniMi: ' in lh>? following 
yiMT, an<L as cthiiml of Lanark's rvgimcotf 
was BMit fnrwaril in advano! to protect the 
w«i*t*rn hotd^rs and Carlisle. At tlw little 
of PreMnn h^ wiui ' tr*x) clown from hio 
horsi!' with Knsat danger of hU Hfu ' (Sir 
Jamu TcKirBK. ifmaoir^y, but nevertbeleM 
T«»fcrw1 vnlttabU Berrice in protectinj thv 
rMir rliirintr 'br Tftrfat to Wipin, wln-rt- his 
rvgini>inl jiiinMl thi> main nrtny- Subeo- 
quMitty he w-m com|>ell'^ to lurrvader to 
wneral Lttnbcrt, and waa sent b prisoner 
tliewcMtlf^ whraw he obtained hi« liberty, 
_i paTnwat a{ 1,000/., ii vkot later. At t&e 
time of the recall of CtiarWs H in 1650, 
Lockhart wa* appoinlod ^neral of horse, but 
«4i«n Ar^llcnnlriTttl that Haillieaiid Mont- 
gonufTy eboald bv jotnwl with him in the 
command, he revised his commits^ion, and 
TirttTed In hi-i seat. He tvtiimed to the camp 
as Hoon »i^ the miiroh into KngUod was detor- 
mined on, and nlTeivd hinuetf as s volun* 
t«er, bat Charter i^rnored hU offen. lie is 
«aidto havfv withdrawn, ei^laiming; that 'no 
lanfi on eKrth should tn>al him in tlii» man- 
ner.' He was not present, as ih aomi-timw 
fitated, at th» defeat at M*orce»ter. Lock- 
hurt fnnn linVe<l htn fortunes to lh(H« of the 
Protw-tor, Whilf on a visit to l/iudoo he 
bad an interview with Cromwttll, and on 
18 May 165? he w«.« anpointed cneof Trom- 
wll's rommL'tainnen (or the a^lminiitt ration 
nf jil»tict'! in S<.iothind. Ho was alw nomi- 
luUed • tmstM for the disposing of forfi'ited 
e«t«t««. and was sworn a metnWr of thv 
Srottiah privy c-iiunril. On ■>July]fi.'»4 he 
nuuri^, at hit fcmvl wife, Kultiua. daui^h- 
ttffof JohnSewsierof Weston, nwolintrd-^'n- 
ahire, and a ni^re hv her mother of Cromwoll. 
In IfWS. lAM-.^ and UiTAi-f, he represented 
l^nark in {wrlinnunit. 

L'^ckharl wa« appfflnti>d in Pecembcr \fViii 
KnKli)*h nmbdufldiir in PAris, but did not oH 
ont till \pril IftVt. He filled Ihin office till 
il»" d»*alh of Cmmwell. Hi" own corre- 
fciiontleniv. print*^ in th* 'Thurlfw State 
Papers,' ^\ipplie* a full r^-oord of his diphv- 
malic pmm>din^ and tieara very flatterinir 
loalintony to hin power of wiU'and diplo- 
matic Bliilitj. 'Ihv «]>e«-tal pUTTio«i^ of hU 
in>«aiou was to confirm tbo auionoe with 

Fnnce of^nsl Simin, ami lo prevent the 
aflording of pnKection or aid to the >>tuart 
fnmilr- An Alliani^t with England was dis- 
tasteful to Fmnct', both on pohtical and rwli- 
gious i^oimdn ; andl^tckharl had a difficult 
tank in niHiulainio^' it. Much of his auccces 
was due to his • marvellous credit and power' 
with tbo Cardinal MaKarin |Ci.abi»'dox, tii, 
77o\, whose wiW and subterfuges wi-re no 
matf'b for Lockhart'e straight forwsid deci- 
sion, (hi ya March IHWl-" n now ofTenMvo 
and dofeiiMvu treaty was signed, by which 
Frano« was to contribute Iwt-nty thoti«and 
men, and England, in addition to her fleet, 
fix thoii.wnd, to carry on the war against 
Spanish Fhuiduw. It was further HgrvM to 
attack the three coast towns of iiraveline», 
Mnrdyke. and Dunkirk, the first of which waa 
to lull to France and the two others to Eng- 
land. With (h» signing of the treaty l.ork- 
hart's difRcultiM only comniencvd, but lits 
remonstrances at last induced the French to 
lay .lieBfi in September to Mimlykv, which 
was tnxvn and tiatnled over to t^e Fnglish 
b»ffoTw the Mid of th*» month. Lockluirl ui-gt>d 
on Turcnni.' the necessitv i>f proe.-edtnp imme- 
diately to the siege of Diiukirk. but I his was 
delayed till June 1<158. hy which tune the 
Spaniordu hod Mrongly entrenched thejr 
TK»il.ion. ).)n tiie dealh of Il<-vni>ld*, tbo 
P,ugli«li general, Lrickliart undertook the 
command uf the Knglii>b forces, and in the 
pitched battle before Dunkirk ho * chargmi 
the Spanish foot, and Al>t>r a good resistance 
broke and routed them '(/A. p.pJWt. Tlielown 
was 8urrend(.'n>d oil loJime.aiid on ibi- L'4th 
banded oA-t-rto Ixirkhart, jn'Iio w«s mnde go- 
vernor by Cromwell, BTid proreoded fopm it 
in a Btate of defence. Hert-Cfivcd no assist- 
ance from the French, and he was ' forced to 
buy the very pallisadw of the Port Ro?al,* 
otherwise the French would have piillod tliem 
up (TllFRl^lE, vii. 17;i). Shortly afl.-r rhu 
capture of Daalcirk, Lockhart interferHwl kiic- 
ce**fuliyfor tho prolt^ttionof theHuguenols 
in Nismes <BuB:fBT, p. OU; Ct.AntntDny, iii, 

Aft'Or the resignation of Richard Crom- 
wcli Lopkliart was continued by the Com- 
monweiillh ambassador in Franre, 'n» n mna 
who culii best c^oletbucardinul, und knew 
well the intrigues of the court' (Ci.AHT::riKis, 
iii. !SHl'>, lie rook part as the KngJish 
plenipotentiary in the n'-f^oliation^ which 
resulted in the treaty of rliii Prrcnece, aud 
immediately on its cnnclu*ioii went to Eng- 
land, where he had nn interview with MonCH, 
and 'took all the luins he could to pen*- 
irate into his de*ign»' (IJirnfEi, ]i. 6"). 
Monck a.»sured him that be intended to 
support tha Com man wealth, and I>irkhart 





acExinlingtv n^rtitwd to pt^nnit CliarW TI to 
come lo DuiAirk, atatJuff tbst Ikj * wn« 
trusWd bv the Ccmnumwemt h and cuiild not 
bfitray '' (<^.) ile nXari, nccnrding to Clareii- 
iloii, ' njfii*iL-d to Bcoupl tli« pr»-«l offur* ai&dci 
to him by the cuniinal, who lind u li'igh «!<- 
teem af him, ami nirerud Lo mak(> Uim mnr- 
nhal of Fmiicp, with grent appointment of 
pen.'doii.-' and oth«r emoluments if he would 
delivi.<r Dunkirk »nd Mfmlvkt! tntothi* hantU 
of Friincf' {Uuf. iii. 979-80). 

Afler tbe RsBtorutlnti Lockhart was de- 
prived of tht p^)verniiieiii of Dunkirk, but 
tbmugb iho InKirc^-^iiiou of MicidK^ton ha 
v/trn not further muleslvd. Hl' UvlmI for 
Home yeavB in retin^mt^nt tm hi« H<;QtliHli bk- 
tAtc', dut fiiiiliiig tbat Iiis former relntion.o ' 
with Crotnwell rendort-d him an object of ! 
sUMiiciou Ui bir4 uriKtihuurs hi< luok iii> his 
reaidenco with hia wife's relationa Ui Hun- . 
tin^doii shire. In lit71 he was brought to I 
court by LaudenUile, find through his in- 
fiueace wa» sent ti> tlus court* of IJniiideji- 
barf^ Bitd Luncubur^ to secure thuir iieu* 
trality or co-0]>timtiou on tb<? ffiriitolioti nf 
tbo alliance of Franca tt^fiin^t Holland. 
LockUnrt, according to Burnet, undertook 
the missinn not ' so much out of any nnibi- 
tiou to risti fiH fRjra aditsiTe li> bo safe' {Own 
Timr, y. 203), aud ' bi'iniinn v'«ry uiiciu<y ' 
when hfl dist&rned lh*j true character of the 
negofiatinn.i in which ho was pngfipf?d (rt.) 
ArtfrwnnU bi* wna reapjioinl.tnl lo liip •■rn- 
baacy in FranuM (ii i^ymipnis of iiis' li-t Ivn ftxim ' 
Paris from Mareh"ltij3-4 to .Muy 1875 is ' 
ffiveii in Hul. MSS. C'omm. 4lh It*'ii. pp. 
2;17-1:J). According to Noble, his d>-ntti, 
which tO'iV pUce tiO March Ui"6-f>, w** duu 
to poison from a pair of plovea, but Burnet 
Btnli-s ibuf hL- hii(r,i<omu timi' prL-viiuib to liis 
death, fnllt.-u into 'lanaui«bia^,' chitilly in- 
duced by distaste for his duties as ambas- 

Ity his first wife, Margaret, dauj^^hter of 
John llnmilton of Orniiston, senator of the 
Oolb'^i' '>f •' iiHtictf, ill? bad n son, .Itime^, who 
diud unmnrriod. Tiy his sei'oud wil'i-, Uobina 
Scwster, hf hud fiv« »ons — Cmniwell, who 
sucirut'dvd ]ii» father, but dii^l without issuii ; I 
Jidius, kilh;d ut Tnnifier; Uichurd and John, 
who were successiTely inheritors of Lee, but 
died without issue: and James, who nlti- 
niiiti'ly »u(?ci?i'di?(l, tind carrit^d on th« linn 
of the fumily — and two daughters, Mnrlbu, 
nnid of lifiiinnr to Mary, aflerw^irdrt wifo of 
Witliuni uf ()rfin(,'f, and Kobimi, niBrrii_'d to 
Archibald, earl of Forfar. 

[Thnrlop State PaporB; C«l. Clarondon State 
PaptPs; Ciil Sliilfl l*iipcni. Dom. Ser.duritiKlhp 
ComEnonwralt)! ; ('Inrruduti'.-i lliiit. of Ibo Robol- 
lioo i Biim^t's Own Time; Noblo's House of 

C'rorawdl, it. 233-78 ; Douglass Baronage oT 
S«)tIanJ,pp.3;i«_7: Burton's Scot -Vbrwiil; Gw- 
dinorV Orpal Civil Wsr ; Jiil«t Boroliy'ji Crom- 
witU et Muzarin. ISB6,1 T. F. H. 

Woman catholic divine, son of the Kt-v vVlpx- 
andor l-ockliart {d. 1831) of WalUngluMn. 
Surrey (vinir of Stone, Bnckini(hamshire, 
from 1621 lo 1830j,atid ffrcat-grondson of 
.\lexnndtir Lockhart, lord ('ovmRton, wtt» 
born in 1820; miUTiculati'd from Eset«r Col- 
lege, Oxford, on 17 May 1338, and gradiiateJ 
B.A. in liS-12. Becoming no ardent follower 
of .Tobn Henry Ne\vinan [q. v.], be Joined ihn 
latttfrat Littlemoru iMimcidiatfilT alter taking" 
bis degree lliti faith iu aiu;licauiftm waA 
alreiidy shnken. and his inrlinittion to Koroa 
WRS Htrc-nffibeneid by the Heading of Milnor'* 
' End of CuiitravLTsy,' find wan oonflnaed by 
thii dubitaney which lie detected in Newman, 
lie was received into the Koman ronimunion 
in Aiigitsl: 184:1. He was the firel of lh>? 
Tractorians wlno went over, and his MMMiOn 
poworl'uily aifectt-d Xcwmftn, who almoFt 
immi^dialely iifterwnnlti pn-ached his last 
unglican sermon at Liltlemore, on ' Tbf Part- 
biu of Friend;*.' though he did not OTortly 
follow Lochhart's escample until two yean 

Sliorllv after bis conrrrsion l/OcTiharl 
went to llomfl, wliere he studied mid^r the 
UoAminiau^.aud in 1^45 entered the Order o( 
(.'burily— an nru^initation orininally founded. 
by Itosmini himself, nf wbich Father Gi^n- 
tUi, whom he had met first in W. (J. Ward'* 
rooma at fhtford imd afterwards at Ijttle- 
mon% wan at that timtt b''ad. I^rkbart 
subft'.'fjueritlv bccami! procurator-general of 
iLf ordtT, For the last few yimr* of his lifv 
be was p'ctor of St. Ellieldreda's, Ely I'lacf, 
Ilolborn, London, which he Iiad brought oul 
of chancpry, and rectored to the worship of 
bi^ c.hurfrb. He p.'ni'ratly wiiit<'rrd in Knme, 
nnii wav rrtH|ni^ully consulted on Kiit^lisb 
aft'aLra by the pope, but bis diffidence and 
that luck uf initiative wliich rendered him so 
Krently<ie]>i'n(l('ni nnnlbrra.firston Newman, 
then on Uodmini. pn-vi-iiletl liini f^)m oblain- 
ing high preferment in his church. Ilodiud'l 
at St. Kt field rf. la's on ITj May 1892. 

"VVliile ut Lilllnmure the task of Irana- 
Inrini; a p-irtion of Meury'i* 'llislorj- of the 
t'burch,' and ofcoinpiling a life of St. Oilhert 
of Sumpringbnni, whs aiKifrm^d hy Newman 
to Locfcliart ; but be i" bwt known rs a pro- 
minent Enplish di»ciiilii of Itof^minl, and the 
translator of many ol his idea-i^ into Englinh, 
IJe edited inlK'jiRabrief'Ontlincnf The Life 
of Ko«nini,'nnd wrote in 1«**0 the second 
volume of a vnhiminoufl ' Life of Antonio 
Rosmini-Serbati,' of which tbt- Grist volume 



Lockli art-Ross 



bsd buen wntien by d. S. MscWahcr in 
IH&S, Besitles th««e works and liisiiumeiMiu 
BiticlM in 'Catholic OpintoD.' afterwards the 
• Tttbli-I,* Riwi the ' [*mii,' of whicli tie was 
many ymar^ editor, I^>cliliart wrut4<, bvetdM 
tniuor tracU : 1, * Th*- Old Ueliginii, or Low 
^all we tind PrimitiTd Chrislijuiitv?' n.d., 
3rd edit. I,ondc)n,l«70. 3. 'A K.-vit-wof Dr. 
PtBWr'ft Eirenicon: PoMibiUtitMaiid Pifficul- 
tieaoYUeuiuon,'2iidedit.I>3iuloii,1806. K«- 
printed from th*' ■ W eckly lUgister.' S. ' The 
Communion of 8aui1» ; or Uio Culbnlio Dnc- 
trioiH concuming our IteUtiua to tbe BtcMtnl 
Viivin, the AnjfeU and the Saints,* l>ondon 
[16W]. 4. 'Cudinal Newman. Rerainift- 
eeaoM of AO ytsars aince, by one of hi« oldest 
liviug Disciple*,' 1881. 

(Tillies, 18 Miir 1892; Allipnaenm, 31 Mny 
IW2; Tablet, 21 May 1892; Autobiojirapbiciil 
partieolus pIvfix«^d tn vkdrh ot Coniinxl Xev- 
Buo; Foatcr* Alamni Oion. 171d-lS8$; Mark | 
httuoo'i MemoirB, p.'ilO; Alliboui;'!! IMdioQary. | 
Svpplnnset.ii.lOlS; LodUuirt'BWorkaiDRritiKh . 
lltutetun Library.] T. S. 

^irLH-iriM)), admiral. [See Kos8.j 

of Felerb()roa(:b and tbe friond of Hrvdcu and 
I\l|Nf, eon of Willinm Lockitrr of ^orwiL-h, 
wta bom there in 1667. lU was educattid at 
the city irrammar kIkmI nndf r John Burton, 
«nd on 9 May l<t8.^wH« ailn]iltt.-d ^uit^iutr of 
Trinitv ('oUfg.>, Caiubridpt-, t^mtlunt tn^' It.A. 
on the occa»inn nf t hi> viiiit of George I. On [ 
ht« Jln«l trip to London, at tht ase of wven- 
Ceen. be ' tbruat biauell' into Will's to k-u tbe 
wita, and on tbe second visit to t he coffeo-bouM 
OOQlrived by a timnly iltuatration to jn^ra- 
tiat« himMlfwitb Drydi^n, wbcite lrivnd.tbiii 
he retained tbroit&boti't life, llvaccumpauied 
Sir P»nl Itycaat [q. t.] to the llftn»e towns, 
«ild aeted aa chaplain and secrrlary to l^nrd 
Hobswortb while he wati in lUe l.ow Coiin- 
triea. For somo years Ivonkier was chaplain 
tothe English lactory at llanibiir^. and took 
the opportunity of making; an aiinunl joumuy 
lo Ilaoover to cultitatc the ncqiiainlaiice of 
UcOTge L Ho mixed much in the world, 
was ■ good judge of cbaractcFfkncwtho chief 
continental Innguageei, and waa briiafiU uf 
•neodota. Un Uie tKnniuattou of the Arch- 
Ukbop of York, to whom the benefice had 
bpwd. he held (l(t^S-1740) thu viilunblo 
rvetonr of Handawrorth, near Aheffiuld, and 
for ume yean fK-'^l -'^^ 1>« vraa, by the 
gift of tbe Earl of HoldemMt, rector of tbe 
•djoininfT pariAh of Afton. Throosb the 
penKmal faTour of the kins, to whom be was 
ehaplaiu in onltnarj-, Luckier was appointed 

in March 1 724—') to tbe deanen,- of Peter- 
bofi'iucb, and be retained all h'a prefurnidnt#J 
until bis death. When unuble lo reside rcfl 
larly at Hand t' worth hi- engaged the 8emc4|i 
of acierfc in onlers {ci. Hi'KTi:it. IlaHamsAirtf 
«d. It^i^. ii. Afii). He mad^ mom* provision 
forthvMliieatiunof tbe]>oor inhisfirsii parish, 
and while he wa& dean ttOU/. watt espeiidra 
from tbe chapter rerenucA in n^movin^' the 
BeniKliciine arrangement, which extended 
two bay^ Into the nun-, and in tittingupthe 
eaiitem section of tbe iiburcli as tbe ritual 
choir, 80 aa lo leave the lantern and t rau-epm 
out^tide it, and a fiirth(»r siun of -WO/, was 
s]>ent on exlenxiveropaira to the orpui. He 
died 17 July 1740, in nie scvent r-foun h ye-ar. 
A tablet on the inner wall at ibe entry froml 
the iwutb rhnir aiale into tbe caiic^'m chapel 
marks bin ^'[luit are, and a second slab to his 
memory lies in the floor of the same uolo. 

Lockic-rleft n manuscript bookof anecdc 
wliirb unfortiuialely hanpt^rUhed, bnteei 
of Ilia renuniocencee of Dr^deii and Ptmoare i&l 
Spence's ' Anecdot«e,' cd. 1820, pp. 68 et eeq.' 
t rom 21 July 1 "26 b*- wiw a member of tbe 
(ientlemen's Sorietvat HpahHne, and n cha- 
racter of Sir Isaac Sewtoii whi(-li he cummu- 
nicftled to it i* printed in NicboU's* Literary 
AuL-cdotiw,' \i. 101-2, and in ' Ulustratiotw 
of I.iteraturiV iv. 17-18. He bequpathi-d to 
Bifibop Pearco hU excellent libnt^, but Huch 
booke as the tuthoii nlrejidy posseased which 
were not in the chapter library at Peterboroturfa 
wen'to be given lo that mllection. HiAOtuy 
publieation waii a f^^rmeu before the House 
of Common* on 31 Jan. 172S-I5. A rhyming 
account of the contemporary clt^rgymen 
around Hbetlield Rpeaks of liim aa ' delmnairoJ 
and civil, well read, and made complela by' 

[UuuturV Haianabiro, ed 166», ii. 432, 185- 
4S9 ; tlnnt^r'a Dencn8t«r ii. IS&.7; Bveoting'a 
ChurcbM iu ami around Pelerboruogfa, pp. 49, 
AS; Miitone'e Drydcn, ISOO. i. 478-82 ; Biahop. 
Noirton'^ Liff.ed. 1782, p. 16 ; informalion fron^ 
Canon Cbiyton of I'ctnriiorouKh.] W. P. C. 

LOCKMAJf, JOHN (H«J8-177n, mis- 
cellantH3Uit writer, was bum in Ittd)^ iu humble 
circuDUtauMs. Dy dint of hard private ^rudy 
he became a tolerable scholar and learnt to 
speak French by fr>s] iienttng Slangfatcr^j 
coffee-house (IIawkinh, lAfe vf /oAnson, prl 
Om). In converMtion be had iwme hiunoiU',! 
but failed in his attempts to jest oo paf«ri 
He apiA-nr8 to have been ocquoiuted with 
Pope, to wbom be dudieated^ in 17^ hia 
translaliou of Porfee's 'Oration.' Hi* in- 
off.Mwive rbanu-rer procured for bim tbe name 
of the ' Lamb.' He ne\-eT ^bowed temper 
except once , when * Huaiod ' Cooke abused 
hU poetry, lie then retorted, ' It may be so; 

Lock man 



but, thank (iwl 1 my nnme U not at full 
(length ill thn " Dunfiiad." ' Ilin poems ure 
cliiully ucciuional rentti intunilDil tu bu svl 
to niii^ic for Vsiixliall. Id ir02 he tried, 
fhiitlosslr, to get them printed bv aubscrip- 
tiwn. lie frequently w**!!! t^i court to prfM'nt 
hU veKM to tlio royal fatuily. ooO ■(i^.-r lio 
became atcnXtrj to tli« Brilish Herring 
Flalieiy he tendered gifbi of pick1(>d herrings. 
Both poetnH and hi'rrinjfs, bu declunil, wi-re 
'mMt j^cioiijily accepted.' In Franev, lu.'- 
oording to Johnson, ae was honoured as 
' L'illii6*.ru Lockinac,' in n^rngnii ion of hi« 
triUD^lation of Voltun*'i) ' 1 K-nriaiii* ' ( Kiw^- 
WEr.L. Li/e "/J'Amvn, ed. li. B, Hill. iv. (i|. 
lie iJiwl in Brownlow Street, Long Acn?. on 
a Ktfb, 1771. leaving a -widow, Mary (Admi- 
nutrntion AH liMk, P. C. C. IHI ). 

LoctuuaiL did wmu credital^le work for 
the 'Gciu-rol Dictionarr/ 10 vols, fol.. Loii- 
doo. 17S4-4I, including a painstoking life of 
Bttiutiid ButWr < XotfM ami Quertet, '2xn\ bit. 
xL 102). 

lit- tmnslatcd mnny French worlts, in- 
cluding V(ilUire's 'Age of I^ouis XIV.' and 
* Ileiiritul*- ; ' Marivaiix's ' I'harnniimil ; ' uiid 
Le Sn^e'i ' Bachelor of Salfunanca ; ' aud 
publiished: I. 'The Charm* of HishabiDe: 
or, Nt!W Tunbridpe \^>Us n,t [sUntrtim,' u 
aoiig, fol. (Lrfjudon, {"i'-i-'t?). -. ' David's La- 
mentation overSnuland Jonathttn. A Lyric 
Poem,' 4to, London, ITStt; ."Sth edit, 1740. 
&. ' Roflulinda, a Musiral Drama . . .' with 
an iut)iiii'y iutu thv history of oirths and 
or&toriofl, 4to. Lr-mlon. 1740. It wm set to 
mufiic by John Chrisloiiher Smith, nnd |ier- 
fnrmed nt Hirkford's tireaf. Koom in Hn-wt-r 
Strwi"!. 4. ■ To Iho long-conctrard first IV>- 
TOoter of tlie Camhritk and Tea-Bills [S. T. 
Jansftunj: an Epistle [in rerpe],' 4to, London, 
174ti. iV 'A Ifiwoiirsfl on Opfnut,' h*'fore 
F. \'aiinfSf(ii'8 'Fulouti.'. Druiiia,'£:v., 8vo. 
London, 1747. fl. 'The rSlietland ll«miig 
and PeruTian ttold-Mine: a Fable,' in verse., 
fo]., Lontlon, I'.'il ; :iii(|pilil.]lo, 17-1 1. 7. 'A 
nro[»er .\n»wer to ri Lih^^l wriltrn by L. IJ. 
«(elmo] . . , Bgftinst J. Lockman' [iinon.l, 
8vo, London, 17&3,a gha«tly attempt at wit. 
8. 'A faithful Xarrariveof tu» late pret«ndod 
Gunpowder Plot in- a Letter to th« . . . Lord 
Mayor of I >omion," Ki-o, I^Jtidon, 1765. 9. 'A 
History of iht- Crupl SuHeringB of Ibo Pro- 
tiMitantH and others by Popish Psrscriii ions Ed 
cnpii'.* of versej on pn'*'ntinii the Prince of 
Wnli« with enrly Sfiptliind herrings, n few 
prologues and I'liilogiivA, and n number of 
complimfatnry Hddre>i<es to hi* pulrotis ou 
hirtbilAVit nni] AimiUr iirra-=<ii>ns. 

Lockmnn wroti- uliio a 'ijii^lury of Cliris- 
tiAniTy,' which lie lUinounceJ in 1 7lY2 as being 


mdy for Ibe pres« (>'ute 17 to faiit Ijvnala- 
rionof VotTAERB. Hatn'adeh In lh« British 
Museum iit bin (s>rn^jMindeiic4) with Dr. 
Thomas Biivh, 1731-fiH (Addit. MS. 4311), 
and a «ingle leit«r to P. IK-s Maizt^aux (A. 
i'JSi). He was a fr«iuent contributot l» 
the '0«>ntl>>maji'.') Magiizino.' 

[NkboU'ii Lit, Anrctl. n. iA, r. S3. 287. riii. fl 
lOU. 101 ; Nii.-holasllluair.of Lit. ii.07;BiJ(»r'* ■ 
Hiug. Dnud. ISI'i; Gent. MiU|!. 1792. pi. i. p. 
&\i , Cbulmrrb'sBiug.Dict.i >&l«s nndllaerioi. 
l»t mr. iii. MO.] O. <i. 

puritan divine, bnm m liJll, was iwnt <>r| 
William Locliyt*r of Olutonbunr, Somervrt. 
On 4 Nov. lijsi ho uiutriculated at (->x- 
f<inE fnim New Itm Hull, graduated B.A. 
on 14 May M^^t, was inci^rjKirated at. Cam- 
bridge in Itj^'j, nnd jiroceedwl M.A. from 
KmmanueU'olleguin I'Kiii {t'cmr^lt, Alumiti 1500 1714. iii. 933). Upon the onl- 
break of tht> dril war he toolt the oovenuil 
and engngeu«'tit , and becauid known u a 
fer%'icl,[h^wfrfiil jiri'iichi-r. Ilewasfrvtjuontly 
ckHimI ii]M>n to dulirer tlio 'fast wrmon' 
before the Itnuw} of Cnmiiions, Croiowrll 
tnadi' him his chaplain, appointed bim fellow 
of Eton Cnllf^pe on ;.'l Jan. IftiS-fjO, and in 
Novl'uIkt IBOl HMit him to Scollund as 
preacher with the parliatneuloir commis- 
sioners i^Cal. State Faj/tn. Uom. 1651 pp. 2, 
8, lOol-t' p, 28). Ita a« June Ift-'S the 
council of state resolved to RetLle lands of 
iulicrttaucu to ibn valuu of 300/. • yeiu- ou 
him and his hein for ever out of deoiu' and 
chouters' landjt, and an ordinuucv was passed 
to that etVect. on 3 Feb. Itl-M [it. ItWiii-3 pp. 
4ol-5. 10r,3-4 p. a^o). IIe^h^ewdly bor- 
gainedtohavotWvnlupin monfyslt«nyear»* 
piirclmsu, and aucurd tngly rweived 2,I0(V.( 
with which he purchnsfd the monora of 
UambletOD and ftlnckwell, Worcestersbie*?, 
by ind.>ntiirrt dated -ll St'pt. UUvi {ih. Irt54, 
pp. 182, 4-lS), An onlt-r m Xovcmbor 10&."» 
to re-con^ey the miinur!' to the Common- 
wealth, on condition of his receiving i>,5U0/. 
out of any rf>V):'Inlionii that he might mako 
lo the rommitluci for discovL^rirs, did not 
lake effect [ih. 1655-7). In Decumbec 1653 
Lockyer, being then a preat^her at Whitehall 
(i6. 1656, p. :J14), vm appointtjil memU-r 
of a projected commiiuiDu fur llw ejecting 
and nettling of minirter!) according to tbo 
rules then prescribed, but the whcme bavinff 
failed, ho waa a[ip>itUcd a commiitsionerfor 
the upprubation of public prL-achere. As 
MA. of twelve v'-iira' ^tandint; he was created 
B.I).8t tlxfordon -I June I6.>4 (Wood, >'«*?»* 
Oson. ed. Hli^, ii. lKri),and became proTOsb 
of Lion on 14 Jau. )(>>'-«, from whicboffios 
he was ejccti-d at the Ile&toratiou. Ue was 






•iMptvAclier nl St. Paiienia, Sopn- Lane, and 
TBctor of Ht. tUftici fihuTt'hng, l^>iiclon, biit 
WW deprirpcl in IfX:,' (Palm eh, A'.m^mf. 
Mtmonmi, It^2~.'l, i. liri). Ilia penuslenl 
dinvfud of tU« Unifonairy Act compelled 
him tn rftiTM (or it time In lli>ttor(tani in 
Sf-pU-mlK-r \fMi (Car ."J/n/c Paper*, lh)m. 
lW&-7»p. ir)7). In li:>70 liu bud ugain tu 
iMTelheconoTrvfor {mbltBtiin^r iuionymoasly 
a tract entiilwl 'tNoni* SMwonaWf (Jiieries 
BOOB til).' luU' Act uKniiiMl (.Vuvi-nlioU-!<,'4Lo. 
Ill* oltimatvlv sfttlod at Woojfunl, Ee^wx, 
wlMre he (H«<I on 13 3Iarch lbd4-&, and was 
boried at St. Marj-, Whit .'din wl. To thu 
Ia#t bv iit-rst^ra-d in ■.■xen?iMiif; iiim ministry. 
Lockvfra portrait was I'Dgraved by Hollar 
in ltU3. tip k'ft » son, t'omeliuaj'Mid fivf 
daaghlers. HesidiwhisWorcpateisbireestatcH 
li* iMtAst-KxHl proi»nr1)- at Woodford and TUrk- 
inff, and in co. >[un«ter, which h« purchased 
of the 'kinpand parliament' by rirtue of an 
art made for the sjiewly n'ducin(r the rebels af 
Inland (will rwjri»t*T<-d in IM'.C -I?, Caun). 

Lockrer publiahed thtve of lii^ more im- 
jNirlanl works in «niHll miarlo, wilhagi-iit^ral 
title-pap- datt-d Hm. tlieVBre: I.M'lirist'e 
Communion with hiK Church Mtliluut,' liHi 
(4th «lit. Svf>, Cftnihri<i(r*', ItUA ; aivmher 
edit.Hvo, l^miJoii, Iti.'it)). i. 'A UiviiR- l)i»- 
ooren' of Sincfrity. ncronling tn it# pmp«r 
and pwtilijir Nntiire,* ltJ43 (tirflt printed in 
1641^, and ii^'iiin in ]0M. Hvo). 3. ■ Baiilmi' 
forUlwdinjc Eogliind and Ireland, nrM-ason- 
abl>< InstructianA for pt-rstciitt'iL ChriRliiins, 
delivered in aevvnill Si-rmoiin,' l*i44 (ori- 
ginally jirint«d in lii4^i,HTo. and known al»o 
by its ninnin^f title, ' t'sefiill Instructions 
for these evill Timi<«'}. In Ittol I<ackyer 
pnftcliedal FdinhuivharemarkaldedlscoiirM 
on a ri»ibli* church, wliicli h>» nfti'm-onls pnb- 
Itahed with Ihe title, * A liltU- Stone out of 
theMoontain; Church Order briefly opened," 
Idmo, Leith, lfio2. It pave grwit ofllrtee To 
tlieScoilidhpni'hTleriiini'.itnd wiLiivfuietlHt 
ononnou* iciif^th by .lamca Wo<uI, [inifi-s^'^r 
of tbeoto^ at St. Andrews, in a pumpUlt^t 
railed ' A. little Stone, pretended to be o«l 
of the .MniMilain, tned and found to (>« a 
Coiinttrd-it.' 4lo, Kdlnbuiyli, lfy>4. 

Lockyer'fc ot hvr writ iufr* »rv. I . ' England 
faithfully watch t with in liT WonnHa, or 
CbniC as a FathET fiittini; np with his Chil- 
diVD in their Swoouint; Stale, Ibc fiiininu of 
MTerBll Lectured puinfiilly nrmched upon 
O^mwiani i.,' 4la, Ijondon, l*i4H. 2. ' .\n 
Olire Leaf, or a Itud of the Sprinfr. vii;. 
CbristN Iteeurrection and it» end. (^\o, Iaju- 
tJon, ItWO. 3. • A Memorial of G<xl'* Judjt- 
Bimts, Spiritual and Temptrml, or Sermons 
to call to l{em''nibranee,'**ro, l^ndon, U!71. 
4. * Sptriuial £u«pectiun, or a Uuvlew of the 

Heart.' 6vo. r>. • Tlie Younp ManV Call and 
Imty,' 8vo. llo alfto publifilied two fuat 
!*frn)oujt tm-ucbed bvforv the iloiiKc of Com- 
mons in IttlB and lIloM. 

Wood hait confounded bliu with a Captain 
John LockyrT who waa concenic*! with 
Tltoinai> IIIoimI [n. v.J and othcre in the pinta 
against Cliar]t« IJ during lU4!:!-7. 

[W(«d'H Atb«Me Oxf>n. (Bliw). it. 164-4; 
ITartKWood's Alumoi EUii:i.p.22; OnDuorVBiog, 
Hixt. of Easl. Sod odit. li. 1U3. tii. 31; Com- 
Tn*ow' Jouninb, ir. 707, vii. 2(13. 625: Heath's 
FUgvllnia, p. iSI ; KcDDitt's R4>g. p. &3A.] 

U. 0. 

LOCOCK, Sir CllAlU.ES <179W-llff6). 
obstetric phyflician, »on of Heuty Locucli. 
M.l)., was horn at Northatnplon, 'Jl April 
17W. For Ihnw yeara be wup n-nidi-nl pri- 
vate pupil of Sir rienJBinin Urodie in IaiiiiIkm. 
andimvrward»g7adiuitedil.l». at Kdinbiti'irlt 
in IWl. BrodierMNimmrndt'd Kim todevMe 
hiuiKelf fiievially lo aiidwifert-, and be wna 
fortunate in receiriiig the commeudnlionsof 
Dr. Goocb, who wn» retiring from pruciical 
midwifery. After lH:jr» he mpiilly njse to 
the firrt rank, and long had lliu \me\ pmetiee 
in London a« an accouoheur. In l8:i4~5 lie 
lectured at St. Itartbolomew's Iloftpiral.and 
was for many years pliysiciun to llit^ Wcsl- 
minaterLyin^-iii Hospital, lie wasadmitte«l 
a fellow of tile Itoyul College of Physicians 
in lt*3ti, and wna a member of it« <siuncil ia 
IrtHt-l-L'. In IHO he WHS appointed firrt 
pby^iciun lu'coiicheiir to (Jtieeii \ irioria, and 
attended at the birth of all herchildreiu hi— 
sides eontribnting Donte pmrticn) articles to 
ihe''PniL'licid Jledioine'ond lo 
ihtf ' Libmri,' of M-.-dicine.' Ite made a valuable 
contribution to medicine by the diitcovery 
of the efbcacy of Itmmide of potiiuiium in 
epilepuy (.lee Kr/ti/rti '•/ l}i*nvnnjiJi. Koyal 
Med.-Cliir. Soc. ; Lanret mid AtetHml Timtit, 
ii."i May I'*-')"). In 1857 he was created a 
l)an>iiei,iJlhoiigfa lie had declined the hon<iiir 
in islD. lie ^^n9 prKoiilfiit of the l^lylll Me- 
dical and Ctiirurgical Society in lHri7, wa.« 
elected and created li.C.L. Oxon. in 
IHtt4. lie unaucceanfully cnnttvled the Islo 
of Wight na a cimMrviitive in 1895. He died 
23 July 1875. Sir J&iii««« Paget deMiitiM 
him as baring great power of work ant] de- 
votion to duty, quick, kr-en inmtght. and gieaC 
pnu'1 teal knowledgeof his pn.ifest'ioti. He was 
not learned, and had little scientilic power. 
Ho waa genial in mcieir, and a good uXat\- 

Locock married, on 5 Aug. \^iH, Amelia, 
voung4>3it daughter of Johni.ewis, eM). 1)t 
Lit he had four sons, of whom the eldest, 
Charles Brodie, fiucceeiJpd to the baronetcy, 
and tiie third son, Sidney (lti34-lt<8fi), was 

ih« Briti&h mimstec reudeat in Serru from 
IdSI till bi« de«tb on 30 Aug. itW5. 

riancM, I8;fi, U. 184 : Med. Time*. 1679. ii. 
1S7; Bni. Med.J»unvat, 187A, ii. l&l ; Munk's 
Coll. of Phys. iii. 27(>-2 ; Proc. Roy. M*<i.-Chir. 
Soe. viii. fli-.5.1 «. T. B. 

ISC-t), miiiiiral composer, the son of John 
Pavirl Ixidvr ["[.v-j, wa.* Iinrn nt Hntli in 
18tS. At thu U);u uf thirtuen he wiu twnl 
to Frankfi^rt to study music under IVrdinand 
Ries, ■with wbrnn his father had bnen inti- 
miit*.'. Afiep a TJnit tti l^iit^Iund in IHiiS, he 
went biiL'k Ici Uvnu&uy iti tliL- foIK'wiiii^ year 
with the intention ofstudjinjT medicLne. He 
M>on, howewr, abandoned thi* pruject, and 
put hicnaelf Aj^iu iiu(lt!rthi> musical tnirion 
•of lUes. 

OnliisfinalKturnto England b« was com- 
mJMinnipd by J. S. Arnold to campcieii> music 
for hir) drama ' Xniirjiihad,' which lie wiKhi^d 
toconvvrt lutu un o|a*ni fur tho opening of I Ue 
' S'ew Theatre liovnl, Lyceum, and;lirih 
Oiiera HoijBe'(ih4? prest-nl LvcA-umTliieain)), 
wliicli \\ii8 thpii hejiig rwhiiill ftflnr tho Htv 
of I8;iO. The opem wiw produced in July 

]8M,Qud tIiicm«jiicconj>tdi'redvii»tiysMt"''''0'' 
to tiie libretto. 

At tliid tiiue LodtT enterttd into an en- 
ftAffRment with Messrs. Dalmaine & Co, , mu^ic 
jjublishvrs, to furnish tlicmwith ■ nL'wcom- 
jiosilion weekly! In onier that a number 
of llipjii! \nvws ohould be hean.1 in puliUc, au 
Opera-libretto, on the subjoct of * Francis 1/ 
WM written to inenqncinite thtiin. This far- 
mg-o wB.'i prrMluci'd at Ururv I,anB in 1H38, 
■nil Mint with no MUci^uiiH, ttltliouifh one of th« 
aon^, 'The old lloii^'al llomci, iHramcvery 
populnr. L')Ji'r wtw tor many yum «i]|{u^i.'d 
BimitBipaldinTtor at the I'rinci-ss'sTUeatrt!, 
and (iuWe<^ui-[itly iu thcAAmecajiarily nt Man- 
flitwt&r. but hi» uiibufiini^iN.-liki? ImbitJt and 
want of puiict unlit y tokl nf^iiiiiM him. .\1ii)ur 
It^iK be WBH nverlnkcn by U U'rebraL dif^vasu 
vrliich incapacLtiLted him for work, lie died 
in Ixvndon on '» .'\]jril IHGii, 

Hir> drainfltir oom]>rMilii>nj«, of which thi; 
e&rlier wure much Iht- btwt.iuciudt<: ' Nour- 
Uhttd." 1834: 'Tho Dice of Death* fom-ra, 
libretto by (J-xeiifortU, 18S.'); ' Franc w I,' 
IK3S; an opra, ' THh Fnreatfirs, or Twtmlv- 
five Years biwc,' and a .Scottish i>pi!T«, * Tliv 
DoentAHti'Di,' IKtri- nn (ijMm, 'Tho Nijfht 
Daticnrs,' |jnidiu;uil at thi; PriiictiMi'aThitatn) 
in IMO, revived tb)-ri> in IKiO and at Cov«nl 
(ttrd«n in l^ffl) ; ' Puck ' Cbnllad-npf-ra), nd- 
ditir>n« t-f> *'rbo Sullan,' and 'The- Vountf 
OenirJ,' all tUrre priKlucfd at the I'riiipusm'a 
in ItMti; ' Itobiii Ooodfellow/ Ift4!>; an 
Opera, * iUjrmond and Agnes/ produced at 

Mancbesrer in 1654. and at St. Jamec'e 
Tlk-Aire, London, in 18.% : and the following 
opf^ras, which wi?n^ never pmdiiwd: • Little 
ItedRidiufT Ili»od'{ci:'niiiO'M?dror thfopenm); 
of Ih-ury Lnne, under Hammdnd'*i manajre- 
mi-nt, in 1^39) ; ' Pirarro,' and ' Sir KogiT 
d« Covt-rley ' (libretto by Dcamnnd HyEnJ. 
Utf also revised the ' Beggar's 0[wra.' 

He f»nipoAed a cantata, 'Tlie 1i>lacd of 
(_'rilyp.'*'>/ tor the national conct-rt* at Her 
Majmtv'fl in ]8u0: but as the rnnnerta fell 
throunK itiva^not pcrfnnned tilt the institu- 
tion of the roncertJinf rh^Nrw Philharmonir 
Society, whi>M it wai^ unfavouinbiy rL-ccivi-d, 
owin^tuile infi'riorilytnitj'conipoaeri-i'arlier 
works. His music at its be«t appeara to bare 
been meliidioua and his orchpstrati^n RkilliiL 

He puWisht-il t brtic iict^of 'Songs/Lttudon. 
1837-8; an 'Improved and Select Psalmody^ 
Xiondon, 1^40 ; ' Sacred Sonfrs and Ballaxu ' 
(the poetry byDe.-Jiuond liyan>, dedicated to 
Stenidalfi'Bcnnetl. I»n<ioi], 18-10; 'Divine 
Lyrics' {a coU^ctiou of Mcrud eongsV Loo* 
don, ]*>4l ; a setting of Dr. Watts'* ' ^cred 
and Moral Sun^,' lAndnn, 18-11; a net of 
' Vfoml Dufts,' Lniidnn, 1^413; and many 
separate aongp and bnllAds, of wliioh *Tm 
Brnvi.' Old Oak,' end an 'Invocation to the 
Deep' wure among the most ]KipuIar. He 
also wrote some atrinffciuarteln (irhicUwere 
never published) and pianofortt; pieces. 

He was the author of * First Principles of 
Sin^ng, with IJirectiona for the Formation 
of the \'(iice,' London, IWJfl, and of a 
' Modem Pianoforte Tutor,' of which a ' new 
ftnd nnised edition' wa« published in Lon- 
don ill IH70, 

[r,rorp'» T)icr. nf Mii«ic. ii. 1.58. it. ;(W ; 
ItrowD'it Itiog. Diut. of Music, u. 393; Aluaieal 
lii'CulliTrionB of ihr Liiet. Half Ccirtury, ii. 246; 
Mukical World, xliii, 241; Oast. Ma^. iHiyb. i. 
(iOK; It»-iir.1«of ibc Madrigal Socinty ; TIritJsb 
Museum Cataloipit*.] R. F. S. 

LODER. f^EOlUlE (I8I0? 180H), mu- 
sic-tHn, born at. Itath, probably in I81d. was 
sou of George Loder, flute-player, of DatbT 
and nephew nf John I>avid tioder[q. v.] In 
18>tU he visltud .America, ri.'j^iding for some 
years in nultin]i>n<,aud in ]tS44 he was prin- 
cipal rif t lio New Vork \'ocal Institute, and 
memhtT nf tlie Philbnrmniiic and Vncal So- 
cieties, whiub he bill! lu'ljH'd to I'&tfltiltsh there. 
About 1^56 Lodfr wenl to Adelaide, South 
Australia, with Madame Anna Hi)>bop, and 
afterwardfiwilh Lyster'a f>|H->ratniupea^ con- 
ductor. About, ]8(iO lint w lie B>;niri practis- 
ing his profeBsion — a* orfiiuiUt, vooAlist, con- 
dtif.t'vr, and rnmpnser — in London. In I8fil 
lit' ]iubti^1ied (here ' Pets of llio Pnrterm,' a 
coniic np>ir.-tt«, which had bm'u produoril at 
chuLycuum,and in IS&J 'The OldUouH at 



Horn?,' a mOMCftl eatvnaimneii t . Lcxl^r paitl 
• wcond vidil [o AuMnlia, ond dit^d nfler a 
loDg illneKS at Adt>laii)i> on ]Ft Julv l^S'i^. 

Loder'n loiuic liaa In-i-q moru pcmuUr in 
America than in hUowBCountrr. 'TheNen- 
Yorii Uic; Book,' !*« ^republi'shed as 'Th.- 
riiiUUt'lpbia and Xew Vurk (.iltv llixik' iii 
]8(V4), contains MTeral uf bis orieituil part- 
songB. He nUo issuid 'The Middle Voice.' 
1:1 mlleggi, Lundun, IMX), and vano4i.4 »f])ii> 
n>t« BOnga by liim wxre iiiibli«lu*d bulU In 
Enfcland and America. 

[Kra. I'U Sept. 1 8S8 ; Mviidel's Miui kali aches 
OmrrniKiijiis-Lexikoti, n. -IIS; private iafonriA- 
tioD.1 L.U.U. 

LODER, JOnX DAVTD <17>*-l&i6i, 
vioUnial, a mvinber of a musical fiunitr long 
rwiident iii Bath, rhc »oq of John Loder (d. 
171K^ at Wevmuulhl, musieian, wbr bom at 
Batii in 17B8. lie was at ihe hL-ttd of his 
Brofea«ton in Datli for luaoir v«ari,ltiadingtlie 
Mnd of ttie thenriv, aud ginng concerts In 
«nooiation witL Hir Ofloi]^) Smart from IHtiA, 
Aod WUin. Afl«r ISSO, vhen I^dt^r waa 
Kdoisi at thv (ilouc^ster magical fo^tiToJ. he 
waa leader at tlie ThriT L'hoir* f<>«tirals until 
1845. He eubflMjuently resided in London, 
bacanw prof«e*or of th^ Koval Avadcmy of 
Hone, and a principnl violin. 1^0, Buccol^d- 
iBg Cramer aa lenfU'r. ISW, at tJie Ancient 
OMlcort& I^er also led at tin- I'liilbar- 
mooic and otlier coiict-rti*. Hin tbijn>ti);h 
Imorvrled^ of orcbeetrat a»d clutmber mujiic 
caiued \u» Merviees to hr esiMroially fiought in 
Cll« pwribnnance of nen- una intrianto workn. 
He wa4 a sueceuful teaclier of the violin and 
viola, and the author of a ^tandurd work of 
instnicIinD for ibe violin, 1814, oav more 
dmnentarr tbaii tbtt foreign ctans-lwoks 
hitberto etn[>loTed, and more methodical 
than the cutnpilationiinf Oeminiani and Baiv 
tit&Mnian. Tbe *ln«truction Book' paased 
UmBgli many editions, one of the moAt 
ft«ent beiup edited by Carrodus in \Sii4. 

Loder died at AlluinT Street, Reu^nt'i* 
rark, on 13 Feb. l8Jti,'in hi-i fifty -ui(jhUi 
year. He tefl a widow, five taws^of wtiom 
(hppe, Wward Jamoa [q. v/., John Kawcett, 
and Williain, were estuilisbed muiiiriim:^ — 
and two dauffbtem. 

Loder auppleiuented hia (1) 'Oeiieml and I 
ComprebnuuTe Instruction Book f<;\r the ! 
Violin,' 1814, by (2) -A First Set of Three 
OuetA for two ViolinA.' IS-J?, and (3) *The I 
whole Modem An of Bowincr.' 184:2. I 

Leder'i Mcond son, John Fawcltt IjODEK 
<1SI2-1853), violiniBt, bom in lf*lL», plfiyed 
in London orebestras. He took thv viola in 
i>ando*» quartet from t@42till I^MvUkove, 
lyirt. iif iftu. i. 4:Stt. Ho diwl widdentv in 
Bawley Uroecent, London, on 16 April liioSl. 



[For tlio fatlior: ObqI. Mag. 1814, p. 468; 
Bnih Chronicle of 19 Feb. 1846; Athroaum,] 
1813, p. 295; Annals of thv Throt Choirs, pp. 
84 155 paseim; Prcwnmnies of Ano-tent Undie 
Coneerta. I8IO-«. For th« «m: CJenl. Mi»g. 674; Waller's I nperin I Dictionary.] 

L. M. M. 

LODGE, KDMUNl) n7flft-li«fi»), bio- 
ETaTiber. bora in Poland Street, London, on 
13 June I7«'iil, was tho only (tiuriring son of 
IMniiitid Lt>d|j;v,r«ctDroft'ar»baltan,SurpeT, 
by Mary, daughter, and eventuallv wle 
heiress, of Aich&rd Garrard of Cor^fiatron. 
He berameaconu't in the thini (King's Own) 
r'yiitienl nrdnteoonocjn:^!) Nov. 1771 (Annif 
Liet, 1772, p. SI }, but disliking the anny he 
resipied biAcainmi^gion early in 1773. The 
»flic«> of BIuemanlEe pMr»iiivR«t-atH»nns at 
the College of AriuBWHn uhtainL'df'ir him on 
22 Fob. 1782. He was elected P..^.A. in 
1787. He became IjancAjiter herald on 
29 Oct. I'lW, XoiTov on 11 Jnn^ 1822, and 
C'lareuceux on 30 Jidy lNl8. In 1832 he 
wa« gazettod & knight of the order of the 
(itielphs of Hanover. Ixidge<lie<l on 16Jiin. 
1K39 in Btnom.sKury Sntmre, London, and 
woa buried on tbe 24tu in tbu adioining 
church of St. G«org«. He married Jane 
AnnL' IC]izii)>eth, dauefater of Lieutenant 
Michael Field, U.N., of Dublin, but hud no 
cVildren. Mre. Lod^e diL'd in May 1820, and 
was buried at Carahaiton. 

In manner Lodge wu the perfection of 
romrtesy. In politics h>' wo* n high urn', and 
dticlarod ki« upiniuns in nIL he nrutu. lie waa 
always ready to assist dislreeeed authors. A 
aketcu of him a« Nnrroy appeared In ' I-'ratJer*!* 
Magazine' {xiv. fiOrj); tnere mre (d*o cn- 
gtaringa by * W. D.' and Hmith after a pnT> 
trutt br Mftclise. Ui< Ubroir was sold in 
March '183». 

His reputatinin an an acconiplishnd hialo- 
rical scholar woa made by an admirable se- 
lection from Uio Howard, Talbot, and L'ecU 
miuiuscriutH in the (Villet^ of .\rmii, which 
ho publisIiedaA 'niiisitniliiiiiB nf British Hie- 
tOTV, Diography, ntid Mtiiint.'nt in tbu Iteigns 
of Henry \' II I, Kdwnrrl \'I, Mary, Bliiabeth, 
and Jaiiiea I . , . with nmnemns Note* and 
Ob^rvaiious . . . with rurtrnitj),' 3 roU. 4to. 
London, 1701; 2nd edit, same yeu. Another 
edition, also called Ihe'aecond.' with some 
additions, wa« issuad in 18:^ in threeoctaTO 
Tolnmea. Lodge next undertook the priipo- 
rntion of the * binjrraphical tracts' accom- 

fanyinir John (.'hftmlwrloine'i ' ImitAtion« of 
>ri};inul Drawinpf by llanH Holbein,' fol. 
17^2, aud 4t<.i, 1812, ^vhidi orivinally cams 
out in parti?. In IBIOhepiiblished, without 
hi>) name, a ' l^fe of Sir JiiliitH CwKur . . . 
M-ith Men]oir£ of his Family and Uescundants. 

tlliutniedl}; HFTeni«va I'ortniu. Towhirfa 
10 uldrd NiimrTiis Infautttiui, an Historical 
Work hv Cbarli>8 CwMiTf 4to, Loniluu ; 2n<l 
ixlit., witb oatae, li7^7. 

nU chief work i» tbe terief of nleuuiUT 
writ ton 'biriffrniihicalanH (usioripal nienioiw ' 
attachp<l to ' Portraile of Illiutnous Pi-tvou- 
an-v of Grvat Jlritaia, engraved IJrom autlM^o- 
tic fwcturw.' TIh* timt edition wa« com- 
nKDced in ]H]4, Huil(Viin)il''tfiLin forty parts 
in folia (ocdiective wlition. 4 vah, 1821-^). 
T1i« coAt exccMliN] 4U,0U0/. In ISlU an 
edition in impprial octHTo was i<tsued in 
eialit-y parts, cuntaining a letter from Sir 
Waller ncntt to ihe publi«lier, in whicli he 
oxpruMed Iiio obligstiotis to Lodf^'s writings 
(coll«ctiv««dition, l:JTol«. It^'lJ^). .A. pcFpular 
edition waa publiabed in ' Bohn'a IlliiMr«t«d 
Library,' H vok. aamU Svo, ls4d-&0. 

Lodge'a otlier works ak: 1 . ' LLit of tbe 
OlMtShi^M of t^imrtt^rinm of Sir F-Kfrton 
Br7d(r»,'fnl.(I'arisPlK2HM. S.-^An Acbi^ve- 
ment containinf^ f^it'I Qiiarturinp'^f Alliance, 
pertaining to tla^h Percy, Ditk*' of North- , 
utnbin-lnnd. Compiled br K, I/idj^e and Sir 
N. H. NicoUpi," rnl.,Lunifrin, 1830([invat«-lj' 
prinli'il). ;t. 'TliofJuni'aloirvof lliLV cxifttiiig 
Briti-b IV(?mgf, wilL briuf Sketches of tho 
Family Hi*torit'« of ifie Nobiliiv. With 
Kiifrriwin^s i)f tbu Ariiu,' 12inu, IjonJoii, 
18.1:^ (iHiil, 1S4VI; new edit. ]K>9, with the , 
addition of lliu bnrotirta^eX I 

Frommntivi'ttoflt^-ncvolcneeLiidgi* lent his ' 
nnmntonn 'AnninilIVfra^t'anil Itaronetogo,' ' 
4 vctln. \'2tmi. lK27-il, rttiMiied in iK't^ as the , 
' lV«nnfe of the Hritish Empire,' &c., which 
waain nnlitytlic compilation of Ann(.', Klica, 
and Maria Ieitim. 'Hih wnrk in still publiHb(.-d 
aa * Lodc(v'tt I'lM-rflKc' JIowruleaLsotliepP^ 
fkoe to tb« aecoiul vditioTi of the ' Antlqunrinn 
Rapertory ' f IHO"), tb« jin^rncd tn Sir Cbnrlcs 
llnnhiirv William-*'B ' \VnrUa' (iHL'^'l.aiid in 
tbi' ■ IJiiiirti-rlv ll«;vii'w 'nrlicltfaoii (he ' Sad- 
ler I'niH^rM,' ' 1 1 intiiritw of London,' and Scott's 
vdilirm of 'Swift,' 

[G*nt. ilnii. 1»3V, pt. !. pp. 433-&: Froecr'a 
Slag. lir. ADA; NiHiuli.'* IMunir. of Lit. pp. 3fi8, 
4!2i.ll 1 AdrnrtWrinnC lu LodfKi's PnrtrHit« 
f Holm's ml. IH-ID). vol. i.p. lit ; Wftlpole's Lullere 
fCnnrtinchqni), Ix. i'iO, 466; ADibotic'a Diet.; 
Cat. of Libmry of Ij^^tmlDu InvUlutton ; KvMun'a 
Oar.<>r Fiiftnivvrl PorlmiU, ii. 261. ] O. O. 

LODOK, .lOlIN ifl. irM),arc1iivljil,)iom 
at IIo)l4>n, l.n[ica><1iiiH-,wn* tlii>»unof luliniitid 
L<)dfri-, fiirmr-r, He wni cdnrntj'd at Clai>- 
buni Hi^biiii], Yorkubin', iindt^r Mr. Anhr. and 
wa« ml mil led Biib-niznrnr Si. ,]t3litrnC"ll(-({i>, 
CatnbridK'''. '-'U -OJunf 171<J ((.'"//i-'/f A'hn'i- 
mim Itt^/iAffr). He ifnidiintwl li,.\. in 1711t, I7'I0. Hrni'lilpd in Uiil)liLipri-vitiiii>ty 
to 1744, in wliicli jear h<:^ piibliJtliMl a ' Itvp»rt 

of Ui« InaJ in Ejectment of CampUdl Or«J^,* 
from bis own shorthand ncAtra. In 17ftl, 
biMDK ihen at Abbey Sirwt, Unblin, he wa» 
appointed deputyditH!pi.-r uf thu records in 
Bermingbajn Toner: in 1750 he btvana 
denuly-^'lerk ami keepirr of tb^ rolll, and wa^ 
suMef)uently depnty-rf-^.ttrarnf theeonrt of 
prerogative. He dtetl at Bath, Somerset, on 
^2Feb.177.t. H«> marn«d, first, MlMUamil- 
ton, who flniiued kinship with the .-VberMm 
fJunily:and,rBr«)ndlv,K<lwanla(titlInti'i. Hi» 
aon, \Villiam Lodge! LL J). ( 1 742-18 1 3 », tl«. 
only surviror of nine chiijrt^n, became in 
ITw chancellor nf Armagh Cathedral, and 
Ma.s tvcl'ir of Ih-mrnixxw and rednr of Kil- 
more in thu same dioce«t; (.Cottox, Fnsti Bccl. 
Hibem. iii. 4), titl). ^me of John Lodge's 
books, with marginal notiti lujd carrections, 
came into the Armafih Libruri-, wliirh aboiii 
18<>r BC«]turcd other of hi« papen by piirchaAo 
from a great -gramisnn ( U EBB, Cbrnpendivm 
ofln'fh liiog. p. 2921. 

Lodge's chief work, ' The Peerage of li*- 
land,' 4 voIa. 8to, London, 17<>t (2nd edit., 
revieed, enlarged, and continuf-d by Morrrn 
.-Vrdidall, 7 vula. 8vo, London or Dublin, 
1789), 'm a monument nf industry, accuracy, 
and learning, He left an interleaved copy, 
with valuabipiiddil inns wntreii inripher; itia 
now iutlit: I)^it1^1l MiiNviim Additinnul Mdf^. 
237WJ-8. When .Vrrhdall wari preparing bia 
edition with the aid of thiit copy, he fuund 
Ihe Bxpen* completelr baffled in th«ircllbrt« 
to read tbe eipbur^ nndwu." about la givenp 
the task in de»puirwhen bi^ wife diaoOTerm 
the kev ( iHotft and Qwrit*, -"ith per. \\. W7). 
In 1770 Lodg<> niiblishod anonymously 
'Ttiu Ujrugu of Holding Parliaments in Ire- 
land,' Svo, Dublin, and in 1772, also witboui 
hi.t name, n selection of Htatepapeniand hia- 
tnnnil traciti illii^tmtiiig the noliliral sy»> 
tetiiB of the c^bief governors nnu govern men t 
of irelaiiJ during the reiintA of EUzabetlu 
Jameq I, and ('barlen I. which be called 
* Di'sideraift ciiriom nibi'mipa,'2 vols. 8to, 

His collection of record indexes were de- 
posited in 17H^ in the ntUre of the civil de* 
fmrtiiK-nt ofihe chii-f Hf-cn'l-ary lo the lord- 
ieulenant at Itublin in return furannuttiea 
of 100/. to bio widow and 200/. to his son. 
These indexes were in cnn-'^rart re^juest by 
Kowley I.iiiic^lleH \t\. vj when engaged oil 
Ids 'Liber Munemm IliburnifD.' At the 
Kile of Sir William IJetham's librarv a tran- 
dcript of a portion nf tliem fetched \ottt. 

Loil^e'N olWr inniiiiHCripl.^ in the llritish 
Mun'iim riT'j ; 1. ' IVdigP.-es mid Noticva of 
Irish Fnmilics. wltli nddiliontt bv Sir W. 
Hi.iliiim,'Addii.MSS.2Mn3-2;i70i.'. 2.'CoI- 
luctioDS on thu Eugliah, Irish, and Scolcb 








NobiUtj; A. 23700. ». < ColU«iioiu> for • I 
Barutui^ of In-luitl. ctiliir^e'l b^ Sit W. 
&«Uuua,' I'A. 2^7IU. 4. 'Additions to Sir 
June* Wnire'a World on IreUnd,* EgurloD 
MSS. I.KMi. 

P^Vbb'a Oomprodiom of Irish BK^ntj^hy, pp. 
SM-3 ; Note* mod Quciica, 2iid Mr. iii. 168; 
Arcbdkiri Pn^AM t<i Lud^b's riiTii.K*-, i;80; 
lndf<2 Ui Qit. of Adaittun to MtiS. UriL ^u&. 

liODQE, JUHN lltWl-1873), miuucal 
conpoBer. [Siw Ellkrtun, Johk Lodoc] 

LODGE, Sm THOMAS (rf. 1584). loni 
nwyiir of l.anduti. wmt iku soil nf AS illiAm 
Liilcton, aiitu Lod^^-. 'ntiunt^ liabitNtionU 
in Lv Ijodffv,' otCnma^l (^Ciwwug'*)'" Shr.ip- 
thirc i t'mt^t*(M rt/" 5Ar»/«Ai/r, Iti-'3, |), iJM; 
McsniAT, A7oir, 1720. p. -VHl). Tlit lumilyw 
•Kul to bavt> d'.-AOwudfd from Odsrd de 1^^, 
bMon of Wigton. Cumberland, in the reifrn 
of U^nrj I ((.mt. May. \»M, pt. ii. p. 1.^7). 
Sir TliomAs ws» bom at Couud in Slirup- 
nhire (ViHCEST, Satvpf in Coll. Arowr., p. 
600), and bwamu a member of ihv CtroreT^' 
Company, semng tfae offioe of VriLnlL-n in 
I54ttf and of tnaatvr In liwO (Gntrm' Coin- 
pany'" /Irfords), lie was avtivn in oldemuin 
ct Clieap ward on 24 Oct, 156.'( ( CV7y Hrvordt, 
Bepartorj 13, pt. i. fol. 87 /> ), nod w&s cliusru 
aberiffin 1656 (Maciiyx, Diary, p. 1^05). 

Lodge enga^d in foreign trane iti .A.nt- 
warp, and wat an enterprising »u|ip<)rier of 
ichwaif for upcning nt>w inaiveU in distant 
eonntrias. On I'-'i Nov. 16^ a aum of 
l$y420/. 19». \d. sterling wa« paid to him and 
otbar ED^rchanfa in ciuuidt-Tatiuii of inoiivy 
adrancK'd f ■ tbn quv«D by th^'m at Antwerp 
( A/o/r Papers, For. Str. 'l.w;J-8, p. IW). lie 
pfc^iTcd QoGvn Mary's thanka, m a letter , 
dst4^4l from Kicbmond 9 Aug. 1668, for Lis i 
willingneM to K-ciiwif Muruty for redeeming 
Sir Henry i'almvr, prlsinnT io France (w. 
Doni. Scr. li>47-»0, p. 106>. I" IMI he! 
was govflTDor nf the Ruaia Cuuipniiy, and 
on 8 Mny in (bnt capaoity signed a ' »m^au- 
bnuicL' ' to Anthony Jvtikiruou [q. v.J on bis 
departure to Uua«ia and Persia {tb. ¥ji»t India 
!>«■- I&13-1B, p. «). Ht. alw traded to liar- 
barr, and nn 14 Aug. l-'iUl \te olTt-red, jointly 
with Pir William Choster fq. T.] and Sir 
William Garrard, to defray tlio cKarges of a 
FoftugitMt^ mariner for u Toyagn of discovery 
la that L-oul, and to pr^itrut him with one 
hundred crowns (.Machts, p. JHS). About 
16tfi bjdge. with niher ciiixcna, I'Teculed 
an indfiHiirvof rharier-parly with thuqui<vn 
fi>r twoahips, tbc Myiiywu and the I'rymrvie, 
to * aall and traffic in the jMrieof .Vfrica and 
Ethiopia 'iCli/. State IStpm.Vtum.i^r. 1547- 
1680, p. 210). To tbia voyage baa been a&- 

signed tbe lutenried divlinclton nf inaugu- 
Taling the infumoiiM trallic in sUvev, ooun- 
traancMl by ElizaW-th. In October \^&S 
Lodge, tSir Liunnl l>uckett, am) <>iht)n( al«i> 
fumwhed money to enable Sir John Hawkins 
[q. T.] to fit oMt thre** ships to trade iu the 
eaptare of idavea in Ouinea (^IlAKLm, iVi'*- 
cipat SaciffatioHi, loSW, iii, .VHl I. Tlwy naije 
a good profit, and in the following year en- 
gaged in a similar venture. 

Agurde, in his paptT on eterlmg raonf-y in 
llearne 9 'Curious Ducouiw^it '( ii. ^17), Males 
tliat thu Ea^lerlinga werv bruught over ti> 
England by l^tge from ulver and copper 
miuett in ttermuny in lliu beginuing of F.uu- 
beth'a reign to reduce* and refim- ' tint diver- 
sity of coirin into a perfeTt vtajtdard.' Lodgv 
flirt lier told Agarde thai the men who 'fell 
dick to d'*ath with the suvour' of the baso 
coins In melting, found relief by drinking from 
human akiilts, which he pnx-ured from Ltni- 
dnn Hridfre, under a wamnt from tbe cnun* 
cd (of. Clii state I'afrrt, I>om. Ser. 1547- 
I'j80,p. 164; TiioHsox. fkrwikit* of JMwtoH 
Bn'dfff, pp. r^-6). 

lyodgf entered office as lord mayor 29 Oct. 
\'>0-2 lef. >LiClil!l), and wax Imighted soon 
ftfterwftr»)» (ilEicALTi;. KnvjhU, p. 118). 
His mayoralty watt dwiiened by a risitation 
nf the nlBgiie,8nd hy a pi.'rsvtiaf conllii.'t with 
cue Euward Skeg^s. ■un unworthy citizen 
who got to be Burvi-yor for tbe queen' 
(Stow). Skegg wizcd twelve out of twenty- 
two «ipo«i« proridod fur the lord msjror't 
table. Lod^e nude him restore wn, and 
threatened huu with the biggevt pnirufbotta 
in Newgale, Skepgs a» a royal servant com- 
plained to the Earl of Arunifel, lord steward. 
and Sir Kdward Itogers, comptroller nf the 
household, and they wrote to Lodge threaton- 
ing him with punifthmeiil. Lodge appealed 
Co Lord Itobert Dudley and Secretary Cecil 
and ucauainted tbem with his version of tlm 
case. But he did not sncceml in averting lb* 
displea!<un! of tlu* court. He was fined and 
WB,-* onmpelled four veare later (3 Dec. IfifltJ, 
City Iir<--rfif. Hep. l6, fnl, I.1«A) Io rp-nifrn hid 
nldcrmanic cown (cf. ' RelatioDO of Worthy 
liavors ' in Si rype's STi>w, 1 T'JO, bk. i. p. iSO). 
Ixxlge dit.'d in Febniury 1683^, and waa 
butiad near bis wife and fathei^in-law in 
St. Mary Aldermary Cliurcb. 

His will, dated 14 Dec. I ■'V83, was prored 
in the 1*. C. C. ou 7 June irt85, and adminia- 
cered by Gamaliel Woodford a» exacutor 
( Hriidenell, •Jti). lie dMcribed bimwlf as oC 
West Ham in KteieT.and left 5/. to the poor 
there. He provided fcir a funeral sermon t^jlio 
pn-ached in St. Peter's, Cumhill, and fur six 
uiber Kermons to be preached in that churcU 
and the cburch of St. Hary Aldermarr- 




No nwTiliou i^ inudi- of hut ttun Tliomo^, 
hot he lenvefl a befjiieai to bin god&uu, Tliu- 
mw Loflfn^, the son of his bod Williiun. 
SwdM liii pFap<-rtv itt We«t Ham, I-luex, 
ba potsesMd tlio manor of Mnlmi-ynes nt 
Bnrtiing, Eshl-x, in richt uf bis first wife 1 
KLyboxb, Envirotu, 

Lftdffft raftiriwl, fir*I, Anne, dnHght<?r of 
Sir Wiiliiiui littxtOD [q. v.], lord iniiynr in 
]544. My tliM murnufr^ lie luid h^ne 
five sons — WiUiain. TUomas 'q. v.] tlie 
dramatist, Nicholas, Henry, ond Bene«ict — 
Mni) uai^ (Iniii^litr.r, Jtjhnnnn, The wifii nf 
Itamaliul VVuuilfurd,mLTL'tian1,ofllK- Stiiple. 
Anne, lady Lo^lgv. to wfiom Kdward Wliiu* 
<li>diciit<'t! in 157i> his ' .Myrmr of Modi-slie," 
dvucl in \^t7'^*; ' An Epitapli of tlii'Lndy Anne 
Ijotlgo' U de»crib(^ in tut* Stfltiom-r*' Com- 
ftnya Mlegistwr' as by T. LoJp*, hur no 
isopjia known. He mairiL-J, suountlly. Miir- 

fftrct Parker of M'TOttlnlBy, StnllbrdBliire, 
y whom hu had two dmiiiKlire — on^, Sarah, 
msn-ied tn Kdward AVliitf?, nnd tho mhor 
marrifid toTbomii* lAMcuslorofWorWUui in 
Cheshire ( fititationofSlhrvpiAirt, HaiL Soc. 
pt. ii. p. aS4). 

[Aulhoriiiw cit«l; Divvid Lning'* Lifo of 
Thniiinii lAi<!|^a. imilii'^il In his UL-fL-iii!e of Poeiry 
{Shiit«»[«iir« 80c.), pp. xii-ivii ; Ni^wwiiirt'» 
iUpcrUwiuin, 1. 43^.] C. W-H. 


eccond ooit of Sir Tbouuia Lo<lg« [q. v. J, lord 
mayorof London, was liom iibout lo58. IVu 
father hnd hoii»i>.t in both London nnd W\'nt 
Ham, IOhsux, and i-ithtT mny have been his 
birthplaco. Ho entered Merchnnt Tflj.lor«' 
School on y;t.Vtiinck 1570-1, and, proceodins' 
(41 OxfonI iihoul lfi".% III' became ft^rvitor to 
Kdward Unby [q.v,], who wasthi'U aifwiitle- 
initn-comuiouer of Trinity OoUepc. Kdinund 
and ItobcH Carey, sons of the Earl of 1 [luis- 
dun iliomii/niir, dcil.). were nlfln early ffinnde 
at th« university. Lodff© appears to have 
inatrioilalcd from Trinity Colh'ge. mm\ is 
doublletH thi' TiiomaH Lt^di^^i who wna ad- 
niilK^d in the degree of B.A. on S July 1677, 
aud euppHcDied for that of M.A. on S Feb. 
1580-1 (0.i/«i-rf Vnii: H^g., tlxfntd Hiat. 
80c., vol. ii. pt. iii. ji. Oyt. 

On 26 April X'uH Lodge was odmittod a 
student of Lincoln's Inn. Uifteildi.'r linithi-r, 
AVilliam, waM admittod to the eame sociuty 
on 30 July UnS. But Lodge wema to have 
noon ahandoui^d tlie study of law fnr Utera- 
turo. AccoMin^ to Wood, he liad wrilten 
Ti-rwn wliik- at Oxford, and hii* effort,'' liad at- 
<r«c1«d favonrnhle notice. He obraim-d a 
l«adv entrance into literary society in London. 
AVilli Uobcrt (irveiie he was niiicKly on Ivrme 
of close iulimacy, a iid Barnabu Rich, Daniel, 

I^mytou, Lyly, and WalM>n were probably 
■mon^ rho pGmina) actLuainlancea of Im 

In I.'i7f* hU mother died, and he wrot^ 
' An K[iitaph,' which was licenaetl for publica- 
tion :h) Dttc. 1&79, hut \« not known to ha 
extant. Lady Lodge lefV him a certain por- 
tion of her property to defray his erpens«i 
as a law fludent, and he wa.-* to rwwitv other 
portionii on aitMiuiii{{ bin twvnty-lldh year, 
proridcd that be contiDued his studies ; if he 
ceased lobe wliatafrottdfttndent nufibttobe, 
the money was, at the will of hi^ father^ to 
be diHtributedamou^hif brothers, lvu<lffuper- 
eisted in hia litt'mrj* endeavours, and doubt- 
less forfeited the legacy. He had nJrendy in- 
beritiid lUO/. under th« will of liifi mnli>mal 
ffrandmolher. Lady Laxton. and he «etrmB to 
FiBve married before irir«l,-when, ' impressed 
with ihLMiiicerlnintvofhuman life,' he made ■ 
will (cf. ihnt. Mat,'. 157). That 
his family viewed liig conduct at the time with 
dmtinrojirmay bftnforred from thonb»enc«of 
his iLEime frnii hiu father'n will in 1&^. 

In lo79 Stephen Gossoo ''(\. t,^ published 
his ' School of .Vbuse," a well-known attack 
upon the (Ininin. Knrly in the. follnwinK 
year Lod^ iiuido what was practically hi& 
fir^t appearance aa nn author in a bitter 
retort entitled 'A Defence of Plays.' The 
tone btstrays much personal animosity; the 
cluMicnl drama is lilone diM.-iL^ed, and the 
tract abouuds in cLo^sicul allu»iona. A few 
nf the quotations fi-om Horace, Ovid, Sitiua 
1 taiicus, and olberti, an; translated into very 
liaUinji Ln;,'lii>h. A license aeems to have 
been refused the book, and it wai circulated 
privat-ely. fJosson, who did not obtain a 
copy for a year al'tiTits is^iie, answered it in 
hitf ' Plays coul'iiled in Five Actions' (16S:f), 
nnd Lodge briefly rejoined in the preface to 
his ^Alarum against Tsurers'tlSfiO, where 
he fomplninrtd that be hatl btieji alondercd 
' without caui-e.' 

t;oA<on, in hi« ' Playn confut4^d,' described 

Lod^< rmoni! who was ' hunted by I he heavy 

hand of Ciodaud become little better than n 

vagrnnt, looser than liberty, lig-hter than 

vanity it»eir.' RutGoMon bad little personal 

knowledge of hie aaaailant'H history. He waa 

under the erroneous impression tli^ti^ndce'a 

ehrjitian name was ' Wiiliam." rs'eTerthereM 

('oilier tried to extract i'rom tJat'Oii'* words, 

whidi he miwiuoted, proof that Iiod^wasat 

oni? timean imporeriahed actor. Theonlypoei- 

livi< evidMnco adduced by Collier is seriously 

ffarbh'd nnd nnisl I>p rejiTted. Aeenrrlinjf lo 

I documenlsat Dulwlcb Cullepe, I'liilip Ijens- 

I lowe, the theatrical mnnai^er, became surety 

I about I'lSt forapoor man named Lod^je, who 

I owed money to one Topping, a tailor. OoUieTj. 








wlin printed th^doctimpmsin hin'Mpjnnirof 
Alle\-n,'jip. 4:^-7, renn'twotod tlml Heuslowe 
wrote of tiie iiotir debtor a^ ' Tlioiuas ' LodfT^, 
and dMcrilK-o him na h *pl»yi'r.' wlitTt>ii» no 
niontion of clirUtun niunc or ocouiwiion -wob 
made in tlit! mailiisi:ri|it . lliu di-btorV itluiUilv 
is doubtful. Then is no gtuund for idi-ntify- 
mg him with lh« poet (cf. Isolbbi. H'om 
TTwrntM Loii^ an Afturf l>VtH; Xotcn and 
Querift, IJlh fcr, xi. iO". 415). 

But itlthou^ LoJcv U DOt known to hnxt 
lM:oniinw-l<ir, he made shrief and tiiittuooesft* 
fill Miempi in write for t he slajp-. At thecom- 
meneemont ofhisliteran' cuvt-r he composed 
in ttooototioiu blank ver$4> a hear>' trag«dy 
in which he made libf>ml us*! of Plutarea 
•nd Sallust. Though piTli&px produci'd in j 
1587, it was uoi (luUi^lifd tifl l-'>!54 (li- , 
ceD»e<l for the pn-M 24 Mav). wh^n lhi» title 1 
nm 'The Wounds of Ctvill War: livi-ly Bet \ 
fnrth in the true Tragedies of Mariua and 
Scilta. A» it hnth beene piiblitiuely plaide 
io London, by thr Itiglit Hnnniirnbln iha 
Lord lii^h vVdmimll lii^ Sc^rmnls.' TIih 
chanct«rs of the two heroes are drawn with 
•ome power, but the cotnic wr«tie» are con- 
t^nipitbli*, uid the ploy lui n whoh^ U undi^ 
tiueiitvbttl. Lodgu ii> also pwitivcly^kuowii 
to turi* colUibonit«d with ia» friend Greene 
insnalherdrHOiaticpiece, 'A LooktngOUuw 
for l>indon and England,' which wu printed 
in the Nunc year < I<^d4). It was actod bv 
I>inl Straiigii's companv (Hand 27 March 
1601-2. and 10 April and 7 June 1602 ), and 
wa» lift'ns^-d for the pr>-«» 5 Murrh irtlKl-4 
(lIcKfLOwe, Z>i'o/-v, pp. i3,'i.'»,2f*; N'Aetund 
Queries, 3nl wr. ii. 'J^). The scriptural his- 
tory of NineTeh is here aiiplied to I^ndon. 
SiiHi piminiiiiiuciuicoiijtvturalK' be ascribed 
to L(i«^' urovu more muRlusivvly than the 

• Wounda that he had no dramatic gift- 
But it iji suggpAled, and it is poMihle, that he 
wrote, either alone or coniniiitly with (invne, 
other dninialic pit-cex which am lottl or uil- 
idt^fitiriabl^. To his partner^pwith (Jlre4>ni^) 
harp hem ossijnwd without iiny iividenw ihy 

• Lawiof Nalurt! ' (Wooni,' The Contention 
bvtween LiN-nilitiD uad I'rodi^lilie,' ItiO'J 
{A,); *Luniiniilifl,'atna»que, 1(137 (iS.); and 
AUnionv,'](I'>9(iA.); as well ax ' Henrr VI,' 
pt. ii.<fl.»;AT); ' Janira IV," i:.l)0(n Vi'M; 

• 0<rm{t- a tJreene ' (r'A. I ; ' Th« Troublesome 
Keiin) •.■f John, King of England ' (A.) ; and 

Erti of thi' trajfedy of ' Seltmua ' (i*.) 
lUittly liltte w>;i|;ht can he given to Mr. 
Flcny't- ih^^jry tliat Lixlg^ wa» niainlj^ re- 
.jBOnaibl^ for ' Miiei'-dnruft' (loOH), ' Ki- 
■3an] III ' I with rit-h-) (ir>94), ' Kin(; L«ir 
and his Thrw Itaujrhier»' (IftM), and ' .\ 
WaminjrforFnir Women' (15<,>fl>. 'A l-anini 
for Ixtndnn, or the .Sii-pi- of .Antwerp,' firat 

I Lodge 

pnbliahed in 16IX), haA point* of resemhhuuso . 

to * The Looking (^iloniM',' and may partly ha 
br Lodge; itA aceua ia hud in l<'i7& Before 
lb$9 I'odge had, he writw, tak«i an oatJi 

To vrito ao more of that whence ahamc dolh 

[Sor] tie my pen to pennie-knaviit delight, 

la-iHaea MetamorphoMu, p. 28). ' Pennie- 
knareA ' are the penny auuitors at the plav- 
houM, and the pasuge was doubtless tW 
result of thu fnHjuHnt failure of ihe writerV 
dramatic; Tentiireii i^Shakfspfare Sac. PaperM, 
hi. 14S). 

Lodge's youth wa« markod by much reat- 
loflsoeffi and unliupiiiness. In lni<l, at the 
request of his friend Darnuhe Rich, he had 
revised Rich's 'Adventun-s of Hon Simon ides.' 
a romanc* in th.^ style of l-yly's * Knphuee.' 
In vcrsna prtJixud hi' wrote of 'the lonr 
distress' wtiich bad ' laid his Muse to rest. 
At one per^d Ji^e4> have lived nome- 
wh»t riofously, and^falling into ptcuntary 
dillicultit'^ Ui liavi> lia«l rucourse to u!iin-ni. 
In 1584 he tum^ his experieucus lo literar>- 
account by penning a tract called ' An A larum 
a^tiiM. 1 1 surera, containing try fd Kxperi*'noe« 
u;^in]>t worhlly .\bum;i^* in which he oifered 
youths tauch wlay counsel aftur the ntannor 
of Lyly. With this tract was published the 
earhfjtt of Lodgf's prose nimanc*-*. ' The Ilf- 
lectable IIIiitunD of Korbonius ami Priaei'riu,* 
includinf; an inefrular sonnt^t and an eclogue 
in Terse. The volume concluded witu a 
merrieni satirrt on contomporarv socirtv, en- 
titled ■ Truth's Complaint ovit England.' To 
Sir I'hilip Sidney he dedicated 'these pri- 
mordia of my studies.' and liich and John 
Jon>?> pppfixixi cnmmpiirlatnry veis<«, 

Doubtit roi-pecting his Gtni-M for the lite- 
rary vocation seem in part to havo led him 
tn temporarily exchange * bookes for anncs.' 
Kilt n military life quickly provi^l unsatisfnc- 
lory, and iiImiuI 1<'^ he made a voyage to the 
islands of Terceraa and tlje Canaries with 
I'liptain Clarke, perho pa the' John Clurk'whi* 
was onf of the commanders with Sir Iiichanl 
Oreuvilk' and Lane iu th<:^ ^'iryiuiu voyagr 
of ISfiS I Leduud, Xav. Hi»t. p. 203*).' >o 
other Captain Clarke of Ihe time wems 
known : no one of the name took part in the 
Karl of Cumberland's voyage Iu the CanarieM 
1 in ISijO. Kut de«pitc the aWncc of details, 
the experience pleased Lodjie, and he »p- 
I peated it. In August Ini^l hesailrd, with 
Thomaa Cavendish [q. v.^ the circumnavi- 
gator, for South .\mi-rira, and visiied the 
Straits of Magellan and Ilratil. At ^anto*. 
in the latter country, he inspected the library 
of the Jesuits and like his fellow-tra Tellers 
auflerea much privalinn (^A Margarite of 




-AmerifM, ded.) Ho Menu to bave beeo wun 
in Rnftland early in Ht&Q. and brougbc back 
no wry good opinion of his oonuoatidar, 

Theso advHntures stimulated Lodge'a lite- 
rary anihition afresh. Aft^-r hi« rnl.uro from 
lii« lirjft vovafff. In; cootributed viirge* In 
l-'rrnch to lil« fri^^nd Or».'en«'« ' Spnni«b Ma»- 
qucradu ' ( lo.Hg (, and first mado puLLic claim 
fai tlietitlfiofpOHr by i."J ut tig B volume of vfnw'. 
The volume, licwijwl for tbeiiroi*B 1*2 Sept. 
IJWy, wa.t entitled 'Sc-illiV-H Mft«ninrT>ho»i*: 
Enf Rrlacixl with unfort unato love orc-flaucufi. 
>Vh<»n>iinto in antiRxed llie dclertnble ilis- 
coHFse of the disconr ented SatyrB ; with 
atindric oJhiT mnn nhsnluU* l*opm« and 
Sonnntfl.' Ttio titk'-iMiift' wnji iiroliably the 
cotnuotition of the puolislier, Itichard Jones. 
In tlie diylication to ' N&ster Rafe Crane and 
the rest of hi.-* most emirv w«]|-wilK-n<, th« 
flentlpinen nfthu Inns nf Court ami Cliaun- 
fme,' Ixjdjfe obscupelv eiipRedtfl that Uin 
* ImpArflr PoBins' had already htvn piiblishod 
\)T ft nwdy iiirato, 'owinir to ific bnsi! ntvi-i*- 
Bityofan L-xIravapant inat«,' tad Ldsewhere 
li0 complains (p. 39) that ' oome in»oIeut 
porta' hod s-'t their own natnno to hiRTiprft's. 
'OUuPiiS uTid SeiMa ' is writtfii in the 
same motrc ax ShaicespuarL''s ' \'cnas and 
Adonia,' which was not published till 151)3. 
Thi> (r^nvral n>9pml>lani;<) 19 cnntipicuoiH 
t'TiniijxIi lo rondor it prohnhlL'. that Sliako- 
upparR was indebted to Ludee fnr the general 
plan of hi» i>r>Hm. Writing in I0O6 I^dp) 
conipUinE>d thai he badhQfn'uiijiwtlytsxwi' 
with plafriariim {.Vi'j J»f MairvuM, 'To Ihp 
|{vad<*r'), and the data's justify llie theory of 
8hakL-«pviRn'V iride'bt"dit?s» to \/^A^f rather 
Tlmnthcnpvcrw. Mildupiw* is Ti'ryjrracefnl, 
and far snpi'rior in liti-rari- funilty to a mie- 
OfMHiirigwrins of delachi^ po-mKiri the ftaiao 
voltimt*. which chielly ftetti forth ihfl poet"* 
mflftnchnly (rf, StvtkfAfi^are fiar. I'njtfrti, iii. 
143). TbL' 'Ninru'ln' nm not in ih*:- ordiimry 
melricai funn, ami ar.^ clearly «iigs.''e^tt-J by 
Watson. The work fiiilud in sell , and ivno r'.'- 
iwned'with anewtille-page,' Aninst plefusant 
llifttorieof niaucii* ami 9t.-illa.' in I(!10. 

Uteanwhili' Lodfto piirsiu'd another vein — 
that njH'ni'd by l.ylv, ami already worked 
witli HiteefM liy his friend Oreeoe, On Che 
C'aiiaries voynffe he wrote his best-known 
romaiion : * llo^alynde. Kiiphue* (lolden 
Tjegaciu; found afliT hifi denth in his cell «( 
Silexeilni. Hwiiitvithed to PhtlaufUH eonn«* 
nour^ed up with th"ir fathw in Hnglam),' 
ly>ndnn. iSllO; linenned for flio pnw( Oct. 
I'lSHK Ileihi'riiilf«erilie.e himBelF as a soldier 
his labor" that hewr^uebt in the ocpan when 
«Terii!! linr was wt!l with a surge, and everie 

paision eouniMvheekt with by storm.' Tba 
book i« dedicaU-^l m ]»rd ifun^don. whoM 
sons were his friends at Oxford. Lodge's 
languid fimse is characterised br numj of 
the affeetationa of * Rnphues,' and the innj; 
speeches and lottere ana abundance of moral 
rvflDCtton prOTO how clowly Lodjie followed 
Lylr's example. But the storr, which was 
pn>Mbly suggeated by lite medupt-al 'Tale of 
(iainelyn/nlthougb tAdii),baji 
mBiiiT pathetic eptsodeg, and can bo n-ad with 
satisfaction. 8ome Tcry bcsutiful lyri«» are 
intmdured,and at nni! place Ifldee att«vnp(s 
asliorl poem in Frennh (p. 47). Shakespeare 
directly drew from thi« romance the plot of 
* As you like it,' inventing the characters of 
Jaques. Touchstone, and Audrey, but adopt- 
ing all the other personagea in Lodge's tale. 
(SbaJce^dtre altered their names, except in 
the easea of I'htvbc, Adam, and CharW xh» 
WresllfT.) At tha cliiee of the work Lodge 
Vid.4 hU patrona 'expect the Sailer-i Kalen- 
df^r,' apparently aone areniint of hiji man- 
tiinii nilvenrures, of whioh nothinsr fiirilicr la 
known. In the same year ( lo^l vereae by 
him were prefixed to Peter Bales'e ' Writing 

Ik'fore setting ont on his second vojra^ 
Lodge published in \ti9\ an historical ro- 
mance of little interest, * drawn ont of the 
old and ancienl RntiqiiHrie«,'biit wnrV»d oat 
on eiiphiiistic linwi. and iTie-ltidiiii; one very 
rbnrnimgRoiig (p. -12) amid its' many conceits 
of pleasure;' it waa entitled 'The Uislorrnf 
Kmierl.aecend Dtike i»f \firniandy,*"irnatn<H| 
ilobin tin; Ilivfll,' and wa« di'dii.-aled lo 'the 
Wrtfihipful and Crut' MKOvoas of leaniiug, 
M. TboBias Smith, from TnTCbAmbs«','2May 
ir»(IL Lnterin the year, probably afVerl^idge 
had left. Knf^Innd, ap)>eiirt'd hii« 'Calharvw. 
DiogL'mjs in bis ^in^rnUritie. Wher»in is 
comprehended hi* merrie buighting fit fornll 
mens benefiU : {'hristened bv liim. A Nettld 
for Nice Noses, bv T. L., ol Lincoln^ Iddi?, 
Oent..' l.'H)!. Th«i publisher. John Busbi*. 
inM-riitL'd it to Sir John Hurl a-s ■ a i«mall 
cfineeit penned by a ffentlt'mun, my dear 
friend.' It ia a prone discuKMOn on the im- 
morality of .A.thonB, in which Hiogene?, Ilii- 
!i)pIi]|o«, anil Co»mo»ii]iboi* ari! iho interlo- 
ciiton: Athens stands fur London; the tone 

While Lodge wax ."Hill nt sea, his friend 
Rr<'enepiibliahediiii<r'!o.tHHt iinilationof Lvly. 
' Kuph i]«s Shadow, the Battaile uf t he Seiice* : 
wherein yoiithfull folly is set downe in his 
right llgim', and vaine fancies are proved tn 
prodiic-eniuny offences. Ilnreiintn it«nnnexe«) 
the Di'afr Man's nialogmsoontByiiiiig I'hila- 
iiiijt .\ilinnfito8: lit fnr M sort(v* to periiw, 
uud the bettersorte to practiHu,' 1592. Collier 





tnadftftbw0le4R>an«8Tion th*tCir«<^n«, who, ' 
fts ^iior, f'\^;n3 tbo de<liciUion ro Viscount 
L Fitz-Walter, wu tlie ■atltm- of tbe book, 
B^rbich wu licaosed for the preM 4 Feb. 

■ lo9 1 -^ (cr .\Qtt» and Queriet, :inl ftt-r. i. I'U--', 

■ fitllHT. L-2I-3). 

^t Lod)re'swork exctteil some int«rert among' 
^■tamof letters if aor ami>ng tli« reAdinc public. 
^PBpfDKru beltMVf'il 10 liave commeniled him 
in his ' Colin Clout's Comp ilomu AfrRiit,' 
vritien in 1691, u 'p]e«aiii({ Aloon,' who was 
•J s i^ed by the poet to ' raiMt htstnaaa from \aya 
to is«tt>;rs 'tf moni skill ' (II. itiK-(j>. AImn 
[U tliB lUQiv of ■ clinnu:l4)r iu tbe ' Lookiu)f 
iUase for London,' hv Loil)p» uul Gnene. ■ 
■ Ot«t!tne, in hi» Utosr work, ' A Oroi»t«worth 
of Wit * (IJMWl, refemsl to ' vniinK Juvenal, I 
[tbftt bititiff Mitruit, that liwlly with me to- 1 
igetherwrit n comw-iie/and urpvd lumto'in' 
[Tsi^h ftgninst ruin in?n.' Tho vxhnrtAtioD, It ' 
[has bCMl freqnentlv nAaiminl, vma addrcitBed 
|fla Lodge. Lodn* Mtiru i» Lanlly piin)feiit 
] Mosgh to jnni^ the theory, and Nfmhe ho^ 
[• better claim tu the appvllatiun nf ' bitini; 
Juvenal.' But in an widmtw to 'the Qentle- 
uwn readers ' in ' Euphu^s Shadow * Greene ' 
•ononnoed tlu> «arlT publicatio^n of * what la> ' 
booTM Lodge's aea sludiM alfurd.' Aceord- ' 
in^j, in l5S*i, after his return, wiu iMUt-d 
his chief volume of venw — forty s.nnnet« and 
■hoTt piws*. with a loairer narrative poem in 
the BWKlel of thu tales in the 'Mirror farMa- 
fnatmtea.' Thetitleruns: 'Fhilli^: hononnM] 
with Pa^iurall Sonnet*, Klt^i«a, und a4aorous 
_delight«. Whf^'unto t4 annexed th«tni(pi-all 
Bplavntof BlMri'd. Zam Fhtcltwi diiiuni/it 
00. utn Cinthin innffit.' It is dtHlicatod 
to the C<>iinte»* of SUr^w^ljurv, ' thtj Iniei 
<.lct«via of our timt>.' >I*hillis'w&« orolwibly 
IfOd^'s oodcaviiiirto folluw Spenners mlvice 
to'nuM hid tune«,'and ho fi^^ni.4 to ai'know- 
lw^n Spenser's kindly int<T<n1 bv eulo^siug 
him in the * Indiirtion,' imrfjT iSo nnmr of 
'hmriiBd Colin,' cumparvd with whom tie ro- 
nrCMats Tiie other poela of his day it.<> mints 
ID the presence of a sun. The giicce*Klin? 
•tofua eommends [>anir1, tn Trhixe ' IVIis ' lh<' 
arrannmentoftlie volume bears rt^sitmblattce. 
f >ne of th« poena <.Sonnet :^ >> was inirodooed 

Iintn •Knglaod'a Helicon,' 1600, and 10 there, 
like two extraris frnm * Ko««!rnd«,' wronfflv 
subMrtbed STir] E;dward] Pfyor], 
A aecond hisi»ricftl romance, of higher 
lit«nrr value than the first, followed, with 
the titie ' The Lifn nml Death of Williain 
Loii(ibonrd,thv must famous and witty Kntr- 
li*h Traitor, bnrn« in the Citty of Ijondoo. 
ArcjumpanicNl withmanyt- other ransrt pleasant 
uDdpretliflIiilorii>:s,'I.'i1);t. Ii ir* int>'ni.perwd 
with vi^nw-^u'ldrxeam] by the hero to his 'fairs 
lemman Maudeline.' iThe appendix collects 

ules of ' faniou* pirats ' and atones of Fran- 
cesco Sforza and 'Tyrsds the Tyrant.* ITio 
book iH chiedy intcreKtinj; because it pribably 
supplit^d L"d(fe'i^ friend Dravton with mnt»- 
rials for his lfl*t play, ' Will'iiim I.iOiigbonrd ' 
(cf. H11S8LUWB. JJiarj/, pp. B5, 142). Ill the 
«ime year (I.'»i*3) si.tteen lyrics by Lo<Jpe— 
of which fourteen were not previously printed 
— were includ<*d in the poetical mlliTticm 
call.xl ' Thf l'h<L-nix Ne-'t.^ On 7 Juul* 1MJ4 
a work, called 'A Spiders Webbe,' was It- 
cenAwl for the prefts to Nicolas hiuff (Ar- 
BEB, Tranfriptf ii. firn'). No copy la now 
known, but uiw was sold as a work by I»dfrs 
at the sale of one John Ilutton'fl library in 
1704. A more fortunate effort appeared a 
year later, after what Ijodve rails *a long 
silence.' It is entitled ' A Vig for Momua, 
conrainiDic pleaflont vari<>lie, tiicludod in S«- 
tyrc-i. BeVoiTuea. and Kpisiles, by T, I*., of 
ltincoI^■^s Inne, Uent. CM* pmrn n fa, ii 
lupo aeh manym.' KiKIi (licensed fur the preai 
*i6 March). Tbe poet. ftft*r a d«dication to 
ihi* Ea.T\ of IX'rhv, oxplains to hia readers 
that he deli^htii in variety, that his satires, 
of which he ha^ more in rMonre, are ' by- 
pleaaures,* int*ndt'd to n-pri-herj vic" and 
no particular penion, and that hi>> epistlei^in 
verft' nre the nntt undertaken byan Kiijjlish- 
umn. The ecloi^ue* are the beat features of 
the bnok. Otieisaddr«t«8edto SninueL DriuaI 
(p, '2^). In another, a pastoral diftloRu^. in- 
scrilwd'To Uowland,' (folde( i.e., I.odgw him- 
self ) and a «he|;ilierd namud Waprin are the 
speakers, and the former deplore* the cool re- 
ception Rpcorded to hisversn. An epistlo lo 
Dmytonilhi«Ir»I"*s I lie closeness of their litw 
ran' «vinpatluiM (of, Ofnt. Mny. 1860, pi. ii. 
p. i*>), 

l.fKlpe seems tn have kejtt thu threat, 
spoken under tin- pw^udonym of fJolde, Ut 
'cease to ravel out his wit* in rhyme.' Ex- 
tracts from his poetry appcaw<l in ' Knjrland'a 
ParnaMiis.' It 100, where he is called 'U^iicl^jr] 
l>jil;;e.'and at least thirteen cumplete pOems 
—TWO not preTir>H-lv published — in ' Knjf- 
land* }!.-licf»n.* ItttKl {rf. I.onoK, .Hia^/Zo- 
j neoui Pitif, Hunterian Club, iip. iV20), but 
alter loi4r>he iKAited no mi>rt!vnliima!i of verse. 
In 1696 Lodire produced three orperhapa 
four pHwe works, and they Beets tn b>> the 
fruits of his final efforts to maku a live] itiood 
' out of litftrature. In the autumn he removed 
from London to Low liCyton, Eeaex. near 
itrimt'pmiiertV"wnii! by his family. The first 
work of ihiB yenrwaji a moral conference bft- 
tween the hemtit Anthonyand thre* mi'nof 
the wftrhl, eniiiled 'The Divel Conjured': it 
is dixlicatLs), iiniler ihile l-'i April, l») Sir John 
I Fortescue, rhancvllnr of the exrhe<jiier, to 
I whom the writer complains that he is tbo 


Ti«im of 5candsloi» nsforts—m poreible nv 
fen-nceto mmoiiTsof kMoonTenion to Roman 
caiboliciftin. The uoond, a romance of th« 
Eupliu"^ patteni.wu called 'A Marparit* 
of America,' l>>nd(m (John Rufilue), 1M6, ^ 
•ito. ]ti tlie diHlicatiuD toLatiy Uu&»ell,'our 
lintfliiU Sapplio,' datwl 4 Maj". Lodge ex- 
pUius that It Vis pt-aned in th*.* 8traii» of 
iCagcllan. tlitr M>\t j natiticat ion for tho tit]i>. 
Verse ia verj' frwlr inttTtpuntnl tUroujilioul, 
and one piece,' n'itbGanvm«d&>DOM'joii)flThe 
afaininr nio/ is the earii<;pt known fxampU- in 
Eneliftli of a tu^vliim. Tlip ihirtl valum« wa« 
* ^\ its MiBCrit* and Worlds Madne»s« ; dis- 
couerin^ the Beuila locarnat of TliU Agn.' 
It is dedicated to Xicholaa Hare, • fniin my 
htmn at Low Laitnn,' I.'V N'nr. 1ij9(!, and is 
a denunciation of rariauA rici-^,1avt»Mv illuii- 
irated from classical authors. Somo brief 
criticism of bin frieods SpenstT. Urartoii, 
Daiii^O, anil Nn.ilif' (n. 57 1 doeA justice to bis 
litcrarv' tustu. Chalmtfm areued, not i]uit« 
flat isfac tori !jr, that the omiMion of all men- 
tion of Sdaliespeare led the latter to ridiciitu 
tbt! wortf by pbicingnucitnt.ioitR ^m it (p. 4(3) 
ID th« moutii of FalBrafr (cf. Merry Wht*, 
V. 5: 'Let thf aky rain potatoes,' et seq; 
CRALUEBa, SuppfpiHrntai Apitby}/. p. 31))). 
CulUt-r »uge(V)tcd that in the aaout jroar 
(16{H{] Ixnlge produced a r«li2iou* tmct 
cal)e<l ' Pr<»opopfi)in,(rgntaininH;tIj^ r^'arofi of 
. . . Marie, tJio Mother of God.' Tb« dedi- 
eatinn to tlu; ConntHAR of IVrb^ in pi)fn<>d in 
•onie copilot) L. T., iu otliera T. L. Internal 
ovidcTiCK perhnjiH mipporta Loduv'a cfaim. 
Tfau tonu IS that uf u pioti» L'utholic, and 
Lodgie is ^nnwii to hnve liecnmt! a catltoUc in 
midKQe life. Hut Mr. Lain^'ii9iigpii»lion llint 
L. T. is the corrtTt difmntiirp, and poft^ilvly 
etande fur Liuiri:iic« Twtnu, is wurlliy of cuii- 

After IfitKI Lodjro miugbt new owupa- 
tioti, 11^ well as cliJingti of relijjinn. Aban- 
doniiiff tb« pruft^Mion of lilorature, he began 
tl)« study of m4.'diciD0, itnd accordiiif^ to 
Wood f^rod iiatod as a ducTnr uf tacrdicinH at 
Avij^on in MMKJ. After taking the dettree 
he pntcl ii^d iu London, and on '2*> Oct, 1002 
wa« iticorfforHtfd \{,\>. at Ovford, In ibe 
same ywir \\v in wiid lu hnve produt't'd ' I'ani- 
doxt^s UMHinft Cummon (Jpiniou dt-bated in 
form of DocIamatiouA In place nf puliU>que 
oensur>% nn<?lip in rxprfise yonnp wittPS in 
diliicuh mutti-n*' ( H AZi.i it,' /i/M. CnSI.) It 
is kuLtiT kuum-n tliut hv publirilLcd in 1002 
a wry lobfirinus voliimi' (licL-nwd sm enrly us 
tidJiMit* l.'i!JK>| AliBKii, iii. 1 10): 'TheFamnus 
aiid Miiiiorulilf* Worki-HnfjLJAi-ytliuA, amanof 
luiii'h Honour and LoiLmiE)ffamo»a:lhoJaww. 
Kaitlifullr Ir«ni»liit'>d out iff the Latin and 
Frencli by Tlio. Lodge, Doctor in I'hysii-kt!.' 

64 Lodge 

It is difdicatcd to the Earl of Nouin^am. 
Xext ymr, when tb« plafue was ruing in 
London. Lodgf! dedicated to the lora major 
and ald^^rmen of the citv 'A Treetiae of tbv 
Plague: contaimng lhi> Nature, .Signrs, and 
Accidents of th« sune, with ihecrrtaineaad 
absolute cure of the Feuers, Botchea, aed 
Carbiincle<> that raigne in ihme timeg. And 
above all thin^ rao<it sin^lar R.Tpt-rinmtA 
and PreA-n'ativea in ihv fame, ^athavKl bj 
thi'OWr^aiion of divert worthy Travailen, 
and M-lct-t4'd out of thf n-ritings of the belt 
learned Phisituuif in thin a^. Ry Th'iDUB 
l<odjcv, Etoctor iu Phi»iclie,' Londnii, printed 
for Kdward Whit* and N.L.,lfl03,4lo. Soon 
afterward* Lo<l^ sevnu io bare fallen noder 
t^uspicinn as a I^man catholic and flnl Xhur 
country. A le(teraddreu«d9 March lOO-VG 
bv one W. Jt^nimn to ' Mr. Thotna* Lodgif, 
iiuctar in PhrKickc,' sufne^M that Lodge at 
ibe time waa out of 1-Tnghuid, in order to 
e«ca[>e peraectition a» a rvcusant, and that 
his wife remained in I^ondon to protect luo 
intvreAle (Cal. Staff Paper*. Dom., laOS-lO, 
t). 298; (toitBS, .VwHoir). On 17 Jan. ItflU 
lie wmt« thanking Sir Thomas Kdmonde* 
Li- *■]» '^'"' '■•"eli-''h ambanwailor in Parts, for 
havLii^ enahletl him to return bomi' io peso; 
and(]uiet new (JtfS. Addit. 4164, No. 52; Mit- 
(rlhstK't'i Pifr^*, pp. 2^!1). lie proipered 
a«apbv:tLcian,lii]t t.^Aaid inharft been cnietty 
patrotiiied by coreliRiDnists. In 1009 Hay- 
wood, in bis 'Trmift Tti^I/iniiica,' mentiona hint 
iua lit>t of tlivcliiefpliy^icianaof th«day,and 
hf similarly fipnro- m a natiric poem nn Lon- 
don doctors of iU2C) ( Ha2LIIT, Ine^Utrd Poeti- 
cal iVMOr/yrt/riM, iiole»,«ig. FF). In 1012 bi* 
Bet up a monumrnt in the church of KoUw- 
ton, NnttinRliMn^hiro, to the inpm.iry of a 
voiingi'rhrother.XichuW, lard oft hut manor. 
Xicbolan liad left by will two gold braceleta 
tothedf»rtors wife, In lOH he gave another 

Ernnfof hii*imlu.'*ir\' by iwiiinif'The Woricea, 
olbMorrnll und Xatural.of Luciiia AnnfODs 
Seneca, translated by T. Lodge. D. of l*hia., 
London, printed by ^Villiam Stansby,' foI.| 
dedinalfd in Latiiito Lord-cluincellor KUe^ 
mere. .V li<tler dat«d )t3l8, in Vhtch be 
prescribes for the weak eyes of s putieni, 
SirSteplieii I'owle. is pxtaiit in the Bodleian 
Library {'Ifiijnrr .US. clxi.t. IU). 

LoiVf probaUly c<.>nti[ii)ml (ill liiA dealh k 
frequvtit vitjtar to the contint-ot. On lU.Ian. 
UllH a pa<s|)nrt wiis grunted liim and Henry 
Suwell, pt*nl.| 10 tmvfl ' intn the .\rchduk«t's 
eouDln'to recover 'Uch d^K|*«s uredut^unto 
tbt'in tlit-ri*. tftkinff with him tWd rter%nnt>i. 
and lon-1uTnii;f(iYnenitbiti fiv<< iiiurilhs.' On 
Ills ret urn In* si-enis to bnvi' Ibh-h distmcted by 
pecuiiiani- difticiih ie*. lVv«eding» for an un- 
paid dfirt were taken against 'l>r. T. Lodge ' 







by Allf jTj th* u^tor in HHi*. mid llie doctor 
apMftra to have been intprii'oiiud (^Irmo{r$qf 
Jsdteard AlUya, p. %>'(. Wlien iiMuinff ft r^ 
tisfeI ediliOQ of Iiu 'Seneoa" in IH:J(), with a 
ln»w dedication in Enf(lii<li to \\\« V'mt\ «f Suf- 
folk, he wrote ihat hia bmiuMit wa.« ^ti^Niik^ 
his HiftraoiionB mnny. In h>~- he protixed 
a cammeadalory letter to *The Cnuntesse of 
Lincolnes Nureerie/Oxfurd, 4lo, itudcUuiQtHl 
clow «:()iuiotaDcc with the aathore«. At 
the »ug({««lion of ufi'itlwr of his pttients, 
Anne, coantesa at Arundel, hf> dri>w up a 
popular medical trealiso calU'd ' Tbi' Piion' 
Mans Talent,' which he did uot print. The 
ntanitgcript nt one time belonged to Mr. .1. P. 
Collier, and it was first, printed bv 1 he Hnn- 
leriaii Club in 1S81. The dedicfttiou to Ijidy 
Anind^l wm.« in the nuthor'« autogriiph (df. 
fiwsittiilu in the i>rinte<l rolume). liis 1ii»t 
UtecBTj uudertaking nits ' A I..earn«vl Sum- 
maxy upon the fumous Poeme of William of 
Salute, lord of lUrtas. Translated out of the 
FrvDch bj T. 1... h^octorj M[edicu«] P[hy- 
aiciuVlti2'>,fol. Il a dedicated to Sir Julius 
Obmt. and was licensed for the pre«8 8 Nov. 
1690 ( AitBKtt, Transcript*, \\. 42). 

Itodeewhilepractisinj;; medicine in London 
lived ant in Warwiek I.Aiie, aAerward^ in 
lAmbert Hill, and gnatly in Old Fi»L Street 
in the nari-ih of St. Man,' Ma^Inh'n. liedied 
in Old r'ish Struol in Itii'i, apoiin-ni ly in the 
Boman catholic communion. Ilt»8t.s\>nd wife 
Jane, widow of Solomon Aldred. at one time 
• CAlhnlic agent of \\''&Uinphatn in Home, waa 
sranted ndministration of hia effncts 12 Oct. 
&I625. By hia first wife Jiiaii, whom he mar- 
^ri^ in )>>ti3, be had a daufihter Marr. 

\a)A^ dnefi not claim for himself much 
popularilv in liia own day. Meres, in bis 
*I'ula<li«'rami»,' l59tH, incliide-t him. not very 
tea»onsbly, in a list of tho^ contemporaries 
who wf-re * hast for comedy ,' and in the ' I !e- 
turn fr^im r)irnA»sus' {\&32) be is clafised 
with Watwn aa being 'of aume desert.' His 
oar is declared to be in ' every paper boat,' 
and while turning n^-cr (ialen every day, lie 
is said to 'tvil and simnor Kitphues lA'giicy,' 
p. 8S. Urummond of Ilawthorudeu studied 
his * Pbillia' with care. Mr. Fleay u«uiues 
that he \s ndiciileil asChunuH in th»cmncdy 

»of ' Wily Dcguiled.* Whatever the opiniun 
of ronl4<mponmee, Lodge was Mngularly ac- 
complished. Ha waa well read in mod<<m 
literature, and was no mean claKticnl scholar. 
Ilia fiieud W, R., who prefixeil ncommenda* 
tory «piMl« lo the I61M) edition of the 
■* * Seneca,' a juEtified in hia praiiM< of his prin- 
leipte of tranalatioit, which prevnted liim, 
'parrot-like,' from losing 'himself literally 
in a Latin I'>ho,'' while it enabled him to 
Mexpnea th^ 'meaning in our prop<-r Kngludi 

elegauciivi and phraw.' In his 'KomancuH' 
his pruM ie very ornate, but ite graces are 
of a languid order, and the modem readier 
finds it t«diouB. Il lit as H lyric pm-i that 
I^ge is bent denervin)^ of remembrance. 
Phillipps, in his 'Thealnim Poetaruut,' 1875, 
deseritK-s him ujh writer 'of those pretty 
oldsongsand madrignls which are very much 
the strain of those times.' The 'Phillia' 
volume and the vorse scattered through bis 
romances. iDiu-h of wliich was jnrriHhired into 
' Thy Phcenix Nest ' and ' England's Helicon,' 
^bow him to best advantage. The ' sugared 
BWcctQess'ofhis lyricagivesthemrajik besida 
the finest in tho languugii ; but Liidge waa 
always lu some extent an imitator. Ilia 
Tontunces closely folluwed tbo«e of Lvly and 
( ireene. The influence of Kyd or Miiriowe is 
discernible in hi« |)Uyo. In bii< lyrics he np- 
puara a« the disciple of Sidney among Knglitdi 
poets, and of Desportes and Itousard among 
French poits. liis dependence on Desportes 
i» very reinarkshlo, aim be oeciieioualiy imi- 
tated bim in the French }H>et'» own language. 
* Few men are able,' he wrote in his ' Mar- 
garite ' ( p. Ti)), ' to set^ond tho sweet conceits 
of Iliillip Du P<irte«, whnsi- [M)elic4il writings 
are ordinarily in everybody's hands ' (cf. U'ltM 
MiMrie.^.&i). .Such attractive pieces as 'Tho 
Earth lat« choked with Flowers' (.S/il/ttHi 
Metftnwrphotu,D. lit),' Oh Night, uh jealous 
uyrbt ' {Pktemx A'ett l,and • The I^over s Vow * 
{HtimltpuLi) are all drawn directly frotu Ik<«- 
portc-i, though Lintgi- improves on his origi- 
nals. Of Lk-sporle^i's »ouui-t hegiiming 'Si 
je me liex k Tombru ausfii noudainemont,' 
Lodge supplies thre*? difTerent renderings 
(cf. liagnltfiidf, p. 74, Sciltttft MfifanyirpAttfif, 
p. 44, and I'AUHe, p. 53). Soum-t 33 of 
•Phillia' was borrowed from Ronsard, but 
Lodge's dejtendence on Kon^ard is lei^s con- 
t<])iciii>Ufl. Such as it is, it excited the ridi- 
cule of N'asbe, who in his 'Tarltun's News 
out of Purgiit<ini',' l'»90, introduced a parody 
of Lodp'"t> ' Moutaniis Sonnet ' (//o.<n/y?irf#^ 
p. 4H, ' Pho'lie sjite,' &p.), and entitled it 
' Ilon^rd's TKrgcriplion uf hiit Mirtreas.' lie 
wa.4 f ngAgi-d iu xludviug Du Ibutaa in the 
last year of his life (cf. MVM iViVeWf, pp. 70, 
t*0,HS, for references lootheir French mil burs). 
Lodge's relations with the Ilaliun juets were 
alao cloee. In ' JUargarite ' he avowedly imi- 
tates, in a curious series of poems { pp. 76, 
Sic), the styles of Dolcp,, and Mar- 
tt;llt. .\rIosto, Ouarini, and Petrarch were 
a]*o faitiiliur tu him. 

The onginiil edilionsof Lodgo'-i works are 
very rare. All excepting ]\in irnD^latiuiiK of 
Seneca, JoKpbut, and l>u Bartas have U-ea 
rcprint*'d by the ILjnterinn Club, Clugow 
IbiS-BS, with a biogruphicul notice by Mr. 

Edmund (ivm; wwl a viilual>l<> volume of 
' MiMelhaeoiis Vivc^ ; ' the r.'fcr«acea given 
in thu article arc T-i ihifl BBries of reprint*. 
The ionowtnjr list .if BbbnivUt*!*! titles Bup- 
l>\\va tliB L-liK-f hiTjliographicol detaiU- All 
■wore printed in Ixmdon, and are lo qiinrro 
unleBS ot!»T«-iw rit'srritwd. I. ' Ih'tvncv of 
rUys," ir»HO(?), BmiLll 8vo, without titlf or 
imprint ; ilie only copies known an- in Mr. 
Cl»ri«li»^ Miller's librury at Brii weU Court, and 
ill the nodleiaii l.ilirarv, ; rt'PnntiKl 
bv the .SlinkfsiM'ara Socii-ty. 18.W. 2. ' An 
Alarum Fiyuiiiirt U«iirer«,' by T, Kate fnr Samp- 
son flarkw, li5S4 (Bodleian and Hritweln. re- 
printed bv SIi«lii'>|ifiirt! Swietr witli No. 1. 
a. * Scillaca Mi'tuin(jr]jliypi!»,' by Ricliard 
JliuQt-s, 15h9 (Ilcidlwan h'ik! IJtco Library, 
SoiitU Kt>n«iii^<in) ; with iu»w tit^t^•pllge an 
' A rudsl piL'tuiiiiit Hifitorie of Olaucus and 
Scilln,' llflU, 4io (.Mr. LocTtPr-LampHiin's 
Ijbr., Rawfant'i: rvprintwd bv S. \V, Hinpi^r, 
1811), 4. ' ]l.i«filyndf,' by Thniniut Orwiu for 
T. G. mid JoIlh HuHhio, 1530 (llritwell); 
li^2 ( lltKUuiaii and Iliith Lihrurira); ITiiJfi 
(Rowfanll:lf«)4iltritivf;tl): l(HJG(]lodIi>iuii 
and BriT. MuH.); 1012 (Brit. Muh.); 1614 
(Brit. Mil!..); 1(123 (Brilw^U, Hvce libr.); 
1[») (Brit, Mill*.); l«4:i ti'4.>: r.'print&d in 
lrt02 (L'd. Wdliirfiii, with illustrationg by 
Harding i, in CoLliiT'.t 'Shnkwpeure Library,' 
1S4J and lH7fi, and in Coesc-U's 'National 
Library,' 1886, 5. ' Robert, second I>uk« of 
Normandy,' for N. L. and John Busbie, 1691 
(BritwcU). 0. 'Cntharos,' by William Ho*- 
faina imdl JiiUn Dauter for John Husbic, 1691, 
4to (Brit. Miw., Bodlvian, Kowfanl, and 
KUesmfre Libr.) 7. ' Eiiplinea Shadnw,' by 
Abell JmAIw, for .Tuhn Busbie, 1593 (Brit. 
JMua., Uapell collection at Trin. Coll., Cam- 
bridpu, Britw«Ll. and PctfrbonJUKli ('atlic- 
dral Library). 8. 'PIiiMis.'for Jnlin tdisbie, 
!'.»» (Hrit. MuH. ; Britwcll, with an, indui> 
liun, boIuiiKiiiK ^'^ some otlier unknown odl- 
1 ion ; rtriimmond's Bnolmat Ediiihurj^li I'niv, 
nndCapeirL-ull.,Triu.Ooll..aftmbr.) tt. ' Wil- 
^_ ham Longlward,' bv Itychunl YardW and 
^^m Peter Short, 150^3 (Ilodleian anrl Ilowfant); 
^^V rAprinTed in Oolli«>r*i) ' IIlitittrationK of Old 
W KngU^li LiMTHt-im-,' vol. ii. IHW). 10. ' Thfl 

■ Wounds of C.'ivill War,' by John Danler, 1.794 
I (Dodlpian, Brit. Mus.. Britwell, Uowfant, 
I and Dyctf Library); reprint<?d in ' HodBley'ii 

■ Old PlVvs,' l^^ifi and IH74. U. ' A Lookiitp 
I (ilaftf) for London,' by Lr^il^ and OriM-nH, by 
I Tlioraa* Creede, 1594 ( Uukc of IVvondhiru a 
^ Library I ; IMH (HodU-ian. Brit. Mus., Itow- 
^^m lant); Kt02 (ItodlvinTL. Brit. Muk,); 1(i17 
^^M {ih., Iluth and Dyvtf Library) : reprinted in 
^^"^ Ureeoe's 'Dramntio Worlt*.' cd, I)yc'\ 1K31. 

■ 1:?. 'A Vie for MoniUB.'fcirCleinoiit Ktitt'ht, 

■ 169S (Bodleian, ICuwfunt^ and Jlritwtjll); 

repriuted bv Sit Alexander Boswell At 
Auchinleck Press, IM17. 13. ' Th* Di»«l 
Coniured,' bvAdaui Islip, for William M»t», 
loftfi ( HMlman. Britwell, nuth, Capall, ud 
Brit. Miw.) 14. * A Slarffarite of Ammu,' 
for John Busbii-, l.iltit ( Brit. Mu». and Bod- 
leian). IB. ' Wilfl Miwrio,' by Adam LJip, 
for Cuthbfrt Burby. 1596 (Britwull, Hatli. 
CapiJl, and BodU-iaii). 1«. ' ProBOpoMia,' 
for E. "WbitB, 1.191; (l^rabeili Libr., Edinb. 
I_'niv., Bodl. Libr.> 17. ' Paradnxrt*,' bv 
Simon AVatiTson, lOtKI. 18. • Worka of 
.ToRt^plins . . . lil tlio vhargen of Q, BUbov, 
S. Water«(jn, i'. Short, and Tho. Adftns,' 
160-i, fol. (Britwell and Bril. Mua.), IBOB. 
1620, 1«32, ItJo.^, 1«70: revised cd. 1683 
and IMll.'!. 19. ' ,V Treatise of tb« I'ls^*,* 
for Edward "WbitB and \. L., IGOS (Brit. 
Mns,. TMinb. Univ. Libr.. Uowfant, IlutJi, 
and BncllBian). ^0. 'Th<>\Vorkesof Sen«a,' 
bv William Stansby, 1014, fnl. (Britw«ll). 
1620, and ]B32. 21. 'A l^-amcH Summary 
of Du Barttts,' 11125, fol. (Brit. Mus.) 

[ Mr. Oosm'ii BtlmctiTe etutay on Lo.ljjf, whiflh 
forniM llio iutrtnliiPttnn to tho UuDtttriau dab 
cditiuDot' L'.i<i)re'>work% i.«r«iMitiKl in bisStTaa. 
t«aiixh ('t'ntiiry .Srndins. Son alco LAini;'* intro 
dnctinn to tb^ reprint of Lod^'o I><>fonu of 
PLuya liy Shukwptsin! Sori«tT. 18.13; UnniQ/a 
CKnriis Vntiim. i. 7" (Addit. 5tfS. '>-l4S7): j»- 
(craii'l's Ciiubsli NuveU in tlioTimeDf Shak(< 
raioan ; A. H. BuIWd'a Lyricit fi-om miza1>ttttuui 
RomaDcett, and liia edition of KiiKliLiid'x Hidjcan; 
Corsor's Coliectiinea ; Hiuc1iu> Bibl ColWtionsj 
Huut(>r'« S^w lllustratioua of Rlmkatapcartt, i. 
333 ; CflUitr's Uiblitigranliiral Cat,, hia Hiat. of 
Dramatic P.xlTy, and his art*, iu Ornt, ifitf. 
1850 pt. ii. p. &0A, 1861 pt i. p. 15S ; Symoada's 
Prodee^Bnniof Shnkrapearft; .'Wintohury'" Elixf 
tittthan Lit. ; Flwiy'a Btng. Climn. of Kngliah 
Itrrinin; WihkI'n J'^llll'Dit■ Oxan. «L Blt««, ii. 382- 
3tl.i; AnRliu. X 2.tft^l> ; bibbo^mphi'^l deuila 
kindly aiipplii-d \>y R, E. (i-rarw, esq.] S. L. 

LODGE, WILLIAM (1C4B-1O80), ama- 
(iiLir «rii»t nnd engraver, born at Leeda oa 
4 July nun, WAS son of WiHinm Lod«^ 
mureJiant at LwHla,and of Elieab•'Tb,dallBn' 
lef of John Sykes. Lodge was I'ducated at 
Ijoods, and afti>rward8 at Jesua College. Cam- 
bridge, and Htiidi€<d taw at Lincoln's Idd. 
lift nccmnpnnipd Thomas Bftla!iys<>, earl of 
Faucouberf;, on his enibaMy to Vonice, and 
DTibliab^il in 1(179 a tranMlatloo of Oiacomo 
Barri's' ViajD^oPiltorfSL'od'Italia.'undfTthe 
title of 'The Painter's Voyajte of Italy, in 
which all tbti famous PainiinK* of tho most 
emiiifint Matter* art> pnrtii.'u1arised, u th«y 
BFL' prpfliT^'cd in the ftuveml Cities of Italy.' 
Lodpdivas a prolific draiiphtsiuan and etcher, 
maiidy of tonngniphv, in France, Italy, and 
ICnKlniid, nnd eftpeciiilly of the aoonety new 
Leeds and Vurk. lie drew some plates of 








IntiqiiiT ii^4 for Dr. MarTin LUter [q. v.', to iU 
liiatratf pnpera ri'oH liefom the RnynlSociotT, 
rand priut'-u in tliti ' nuUMOpliicnl TruiAOC- 
lliniu.' Lodge wu A member of BJiintoresiing' 
h^cietjr of virtnosi at York, coinpri«infr Dr. 
Mi*r, FnuicU Place [q. v.] thu cnjftHver, 
Ipb Tboresby [q. v.],«nd otben, who used 
meet kt the house of Henry Gv\t* [q. v. J 
« ulaiM-paintCT. Whileaujingwithitrrunia 
near Harftwood in Yorkehire, L()d|r»? drt-amt 
that In; wtiuldbw btinodiuIIurewoodCliurch. 
lie di^ iinmArrii^at I»«d)i in An^iLil IB^, 
id led dinN-ttons tbnt bi_' sIioiiM \x^ bnrii-d 
rilh hia mother aL (iisbum in L'rftvcn, York- 
htrtt; hut while lh>7 ftmenti procession was 
il« va; thithi^r an Accidont randt-red it 
In iU-pn«it the bod; in tho ncanst 
dnuch, which turned out to be Hsrewood, 
wheie il was iab*equeDlly interred. Lodge 
painted *nni« portraits in oil, and <>nf^aved a 
anr, including one of i llivor Cruiiiwcll and 
bis pafte. In ibe print rx>ai at tbi> British 
Mjtwumap'trirait.engrairpd in mezzotint br 
fKnuifi* Plac« (thp only i*xnra]il(> known), is 
stnleti to bu a portrait of Ijodp*. 

[Wolpolp'ii AnMjd, of Prtiniing, od. Woroom; 
■fVtftuo's 3ISS. (Um. Mus. Add. MS. 33069); 
^^Tbnniiliy'ii I)ui-ntu» t'Midirnais.] L. C. 


B^f/. ITt)7), divinr, n nativK of Oxfordnliir^', nf 
gtiod family, was tho autliiir of the first au- 
UiunLaliTe work in Kiwlish ou the doctrines 
[mnH pniciicM of the butem church. It is 
tntiiltxl ' ')lu> Onliodox Cour*«tioD of the 
lCalhi>lit:and Apustatic Eastern Church, fnith* 
illy transUt«a from the Oricin&Is,' London, 
fvn, 1 T&J, and ift a freo ri^ndi-nng of a coiifeft- 
ion drawn updariii^tln'M^ri'iittft^ntlicunCuiy 
' IMtir Mohilu, i>atrian:l] of Kiaw in Kusms, 
1 1 nphpivt^l by a synod of eastern bUhoM. 
I>ik]ti11, wlio was a rf-Kiilar atiemlanl at the 
Raa^iun Chitrtdi.S:! Wi-Uw-ck .Sin-ct, rf«4vi«d 
pnyer oil at the hands of Jurumouiuh 
koAki and Andrew Samboraki (after- 
t'varda confeaaor to the Empress Catherine), 
lied ou 14 March 17H7. anil was buried in 
>w Church on 22 March irriii^ter, Strat- 
t-lf-Bov). Adau;^hterof LodTill marriod 
[P<!tHr Pandisb. Bntiidi tMnsuI at SoloDica; 
^thetr BOO wm John I'aradiM [a. v.], a oorrfr- 
idrat and an acqaAiatai)ce<^ Dr. Johnson. 

^Nat4» and «xtnuit« from tl>«S[<irilujil R<Kister 
[Icept at th« Uussiaa Charrh in Wribrck 8lrMt, 
•nonuiottfid by J. T. Knccumbc, nq., M.D. ; 
']:«nin<]|'« Johnson, ed. 0. U. Uill, ir. 364 n.aDd 
' 431 ; LodTitl'i book in Brit. Mm. Cat. undar 
'bMdinir'UrwkCbuKh.'] T. &. 

LOE, WIM.L\M('/. 1645). divim'. ap- 
mrantly a nallre of Kent, irradunled B.A. 
frDiD Bi. Alhin Hall, Oxford, on 6 Nor. IS97, 

I M.A.on U June 1000, B.D. from Msrton 
' Coll^ on R June lt)I8, and 0.0. on 8 July 
; following (Footer, AluiHHt Ojmn. IfiOO- 
ITU.iii.a-M). In 1598orI600hewa«pra- 
fK>mrd to the vicaraiie of Cburchanj, Ulou- 
ooeh'rtthirv, and became tnasterof the college 
school in QIouceHter in lOUU. lie wat in- 
stalled prrbendarv of Gloucester on 30 Sept. 
H((«(].B Nkvr, 'FnMi, n\. HnHv. i. 448), 
but he was nerer sub-dean as hnf be«n aa- 
Berted. OniMNor. Iflll h« was [ireaented 
bv the kinft to the rectory of Siokt? Severn, 
\Viirpeal«rsbire (CW. State Pajim, l»oin. 
Uni-ll*, p. W>. In 1618, being then chap- 
lain in ordinary to James I, it seems that 
diSerences with Ijind, then denn of Glou^ea- 
ter, who wa» busy with his * n-furmationf* in 
the cathi-dral,' Ir-d Lrx* Ui i<eek dut y abroad (i'<6. 
p, 439). lie accepted the pastorate of the 
English church at Ilamburf;. By IHiJO he 
tuut returned to Knglanil. lit? eu)jfe>|ii>^rilly 
ojliciated «« curate at Putni'r, iti 10>'tl waa 
vicar of WanHswortb. and was buried in 
Wertminster Abbey nn I'l Sept. ItU.'i. He 
left a son William and a (lau)!;hter Jl<wl«^r. 

It is of lx>e that thtr itory is told that, 
having 10 pn>ftpli in a chnrfh ni-ar London 
at a mominK»enrice, wheniB Mr. Adam was 
to preach in the same church in the aftcN 
ooon, he selecleti for his text the words, 
' Adam, where art thou? ' to which his col- 
league, or poKsibly randidate fur the samiQ 
post, reftpoiidcd lat^^tr in the day by a dis- 
QBorM from the worda ' Lo, herJ am I' <Lt- 
Mn, £inn>*M, i. L**.*.'!. citing 'Perfect I'as- 
eagee,* a new&Iettw for HI .\pril Itilot. 

Loe is author of a vidumc of rfti)i,'iou9 
entitled ' Songs of ii\m\. S>.'t for the joy of 
gods deere onea, who sitt here bv the bruokes 
of this worlds Babel,* l2mo, Hamburg, lti:20 
(Brit. Mus-and Bodl.) Kach dtviuon of ibn 
book has a prosn dedication 10 an Knglish 
merchant in Hamburg. .A. reprint was issued 
in 'Miscellanies of the Fuller Worthies' Ia~ 
brory,' vol, i. ed. ((msan, Ih"]. 

Liwt'a prove writiag8, which nra inten-stiug 
from their quiiintueu and rigour, inehide: 
I. ■ The Joy of Jerusalem aiud Woe of iIm 
Worldlings, a Sermon ]>rencht»d at i'aula 
Cnw»e,'K)UarelKuio,Loiiil<jn, KHKt. 2 'Come 
and See, The BlisM of Brighti-st DeantiA, 
Shining om of Sion in Perfect Olorie. IWiug 
the Bum of four Sermons prpaclied in the 
Calbcdral Church of Cilonn-Jtler.' 4lo, Lon- 
don. 1014. 3. ' Thf MvBterie of Mankind 
mode into a Manunl . . , being the Kum of 
Bpven Semmn* pn-ached at S. Michaels in 
roniphill.' l:imo, l^udou, Ittlft (copies are 
in th^ Hodl^ian and thfe Hamburg Public 
Library-), -i. *Th« Merchant reall, prc^nched 


by Williiini Loe.' 4to, lltiiuburf;, IC20 (a 
copy in iLl* llnmburg Public Litjrury i:» tliu 
only fine known 1. &. 'Vox (-.'lamunliH. 
Mark i. li. A Mil vuice, to Ihelliree Ihrii^e- 
liuiu>iirot>lii K>t»te:' c^f Purlwmeiit: anil in 
thi'in. 10 lilt till- SijiiIks of this oiir Nitiwn,' 
4to [Luiidoiil. 1G21. (I. 'The King's Shwi. 
Maile iinil uruHiiied tn trample on, and to 
tTvsniv rlywne I'>ioniite«,' 4lo, London, 163-"i, 
a »u-ni)on pniichi-d befnre Iht- king. 7. * A 
Sennun prL^acbtd . , . Aiiril 21, Iftlfl, at i\w 
Fiinerall of . . . l>an. reatley . . . with a 
short Ilelation of hifl I-ife and Death, by 
William I,.»hi' (^'I''), 'Ito, liiindon. H>4^», wirli 
u uiiriuiiKly I'JiitravL'd front UijiiLTit of l)r. 
Featlt-y. Anotli«r «enuou. entitled 'Tht* 
King^'* Swflfde ordained of t;iod and by tJod 
iniini'ilintelie ^ven to {'liriMiitn Kiti^» fnr 
tliu DrfiinCL' (if thu I'aLlIi/ Jfec, wliicli lit 
pri-'iiclieil at Wbit»?Krtll on 14 Jan, lGi't?-!J, is 
prpHerv-ed in manuMcrijn in tho British Mu- 
aeutu 4 Kiii^H MS. 17, A.xl. ); it ifinifenbed 
al i;rea1. Lti-iiytli Id Princw Charlm>. 

Liw siigju-sted to Josliini Sylvpster the 
idi-nof iiisTHifCD entii led 'Tobacco Ilntterpd,' 
which till- tat Irr dcJicati'd to him ariarionnet 
(fsYLVE-iTEll, W'/rl-t, UUI, [).&72). 

I-oc'a «(>n. WlLLLUJ Lob (Jl. ISSO), pro- 
fti'ik'd in WJl frciru Westminster Sebum to 
in l(j'jy wBs pri-st-titi-d to the cullt'Ke living 
of Kirfcby JUaAlium, Yorkshiro, lie was a 
coitlributor tn tht university rolleiitions of 
Liitin HTid (irei'k verses on iht- birfli of tbc 
Princi-M Kliz&belL in ](>35, and un that uf 
thi- t'rinctiw Annr in If^il", Ho nlso c'>m- 
j)il«d from Ilia fiithi^r's pnntTs iv littlo voIuiul' 
callt'd "rhf Mm-linnts .^^anll(■ll, bpiiijr u Step 
lo!>ledfA(^tiii.'fit((.>, loudinfif to settle the Soiiles 
of all ftob)'r minded (Jhri»tian Catholiqut-a,' 
\&tm, I^ndnn, l«l'8. 

I^Wrxjil's AthPDW OxDii, {Utiw), iii. 183; Tiro- 
•art's Introducliuji to rvpripl of Lov*s Sonco of 
Sion rcffrri^l to; HimTrr'nClnirnHViiiumtAddiL 
pp. WO. Ul,] Q.Q. 

LOEOHAIRE {d. 468}, king of Ireland. 
[See LAUiiiiimr.J 

LOEWE, LOUIS nWll-IS8§), linguist, 
WMB boniof Jowish puri-nl* nl Ziilr, Prufwian 
Silmn, in iHUfl. Aftur atlundin^ anocei*- 
aively Rosenburg Academy and tlie ci>Ilugpa 
of Lissa, Nicoljibiirg, and Prefthnrg, ho ma- 
triculated at. ihf uiiiTi^rHily of Herlin, whiri- 
he took tilt- dugrtro of rh.I>. Hiti kQowh'dgv 
of langitagca und niiniijtmatira wns cvipn at 
this prriod trun^tdiTubli', and on hin paying a 
-visit tu iCumhurg h« vast^ntru^ted with chu 
task of arranging the orieniHl enins in (hv 
Siiniwitx collection. Coming to London, he | 



obt&liit^ Lutroductionvlo thePulieof Suitt«x 
and Admiral Sir Sydney 8mith, rhmugli 
whom III! hei'aine known to many k-adiog 
arlinlarsand pHtmnfi of learning in Knglimd. 
In pTO^MUtiou of his re«eiirfhes lxn*wo sub- 
Mi'quMtllv vinin-d Oxford, Cambridc*', and 
PiuiB. la 1^^ he undtTluuk, under tbe 
auBpicea of th<> Dnke of Buawx and Sir ^i 
Smith, a three years' tour in the Eam forth* 
purpose of eKtcnding hi* l<nowIo«igi' of Ian-] 
guagva. Neur Safml hi' yum ill-tr^-utud and 
robbed by xomeUrusea, and had to com inuebil 
joiimey through Paleetiue in the garb of a Bi-- 
douin. in IH-Hdtbi^ |)nk<'nfSnR.<M*xappnintt^ 
him his lecturer nn thi.> oriuntnl tongu^-s. 

Ou his return from his travels in 183& 
Loewewent lo study in the Vatican Library. 
Al the tiinu Sir Mottcs Montefion* pa«f>d 
through Uomi! on hie gjeeond jourm^v to iJw 
Iloly Laud. Lnewe had hetn Montefion.'** 
giie^r at Uamsgate in 18.15, and he nov 
rimilily aocL'piwi hitt invitation to ai'ramjxmy 
him to Pnli-fitinei as hie secratary. The inti- 
mate relations thus created -with Sir Mo-« 
cea-spd only at the lattor's death. In the 
meiiioriihCe mission to 1>nmikiraEv and Coi^ 
etiiutinuple in l@4U,and nn erery tiucceedin 
journey, tliinccn in all.exlc^nding from It 
trt 1^74, Lo<?we actompanifd Muntefiore. id] 
whom liii«linirui(^tirHc-iinin>ments and shrewd j 
eentie proved invitlunhlv. H<t i« said in 18-1 
to have addrMsed a large mixtd congrt'j!*- 
tton in thii synagognc at Gahiln in four 
lHllgullgt1^. \M» dtirvici'j« in coniiertion with 
the missions and philanthropic schema nf 
Montefiore wbtp frequent ly acKnowIe<lg*.-d by 
flip Jewish board otduimtieB. On '2'> March. 
1841 hewiu«pre»rnttHl byMonlefioreloQi. 

In 1846 Lofwi* delirorcd two lectures oit] 
th(i Hainanlans at Sussex Hall, Liwdenhiil 
Street, and in the same year he preeohed il 
the great synagogue at Wilnn, on the occa 
»ion of Monlffiort^'s misstion to Kn^sto. Ill 
wofi appoinled tirat prlncipat of Jewi?' Col 
lege, Finsbury Square, in 1856, but aoon re-" 
signed the' office. Ha bt*cnnie cxatuIneT for 
orienlnl Inncuagej) to the Hnyal Collpgc of 
Pruciiptora in 18W, rind in th*i fiame year 
opyned a J'-'WikIi boartling-cchool at itrightoii. 

When in 1808 Mf>nti'tiore fi>un<lcd the 
Jndilh Theological College at Hnmsgate, he 
chose Loewe as principal and director, and 
Ijoewe filli'd that oflire lor twenty yearc. 
Karlv in l^^** he ri'inovcil tn I^ondon, anil 
hu died on R Nov. 1888 ut 53 Warwiek Kodttl, 
Mnidii Hill. He was buried at Willesdini^H 
111- iiiarri.'d in lM4.ajid hia widow SMrvJvcJW 
him, totrether with tliri-i'fonik and fuurdaugli- 
(«TB. l.fiinvr, a ipiiet, laVorioua s^cUotar. had 
un aicr»ion to jiiiLlic life, and wns conbiderctj 





who little kDi>w hint cold and un- 
JIv wiu a lucmbvr of the Itoval 
SiSivaml NunuAuutJc Societ'iN, and of the 
[Asiatic Socienr of Parit. 

Sir Moi!a^^ Montcfiom hy his will not only 

[named Luewe one of liis lixvculont, but di- 

Irecttnl tbat he should bt> (.'ntraBt'-d with all 

' hi* diane# and other {inratv iwi^-n* lo enablu 

bini In unilt^Ttaki' the ta^ nl' writing a hio- 

[ ampby of Lady Miml'-Goro. Thi< naturally 

[becameabiographyorSir.Moiwsalso. Ir was 

,jCOtnpl6t«d in June l>*f^, and publishiid in 

I iSOO a« ' IHuhe-g of Sir Mcmcs ana Lady Mnn- 

t-lefiorf. Edited hy L. Loowe,' 2 vols. 8vo. 

In ISIl Loewe ptvparvd an Hne'^'> tranfu 

laiion of ' V^i^ liammini,' a iwrtt'B uf tioii- 

versatiomt at Jerusalem between a patriarch 

^of the Uret-k church and a chief rahbi of the 

Kj«wB,irritteQ in Uebrew by J. B. IvOi-insohn 

^Blia lA30,on the occasion of the rCTivitl uf thu 

HUood accusation in Scwlow, Poland. The 

H timnalstioo was ext4nui vvly circulaii^d, chiefly 

at the cost of Momcfiorv. In IH-I^' Jxiewe 

tnmalated the first two convi-r^iliuns in 

* Matltrh Dan' by Chncham David Nieto, 

under tlie title of 'The Hod of Judgment.' 

lie likowi"'.' ptihitshed 'OhRervaiinnii on a 

ttnique ('\i(]c, riiild Coin, ia»uvd by Miislali, 

tenth Paliph of the Fatimite Dynasty,' bvo, 

London, 1(*49, and * A Dictionary of the Cir- 

■fafifian Languajie,' Hvo, London, IMVJ, ori- 

xi^RkUy printed in tlii> ' TratiHacttons of the 

^lilafogical Society.' 

[Jrwiah Chnni. 9 Nor. 188S: Times. 6 Nor. 

II 888 : !t!oraU'* EmitMnt Iiini«Hl«3, pp. SOS-1 1 ; 
V«i rif the Time, nth edit.: iVpfaoe to Diaries 
•f SJT 31. and Lady Montvfiorii, and elsewhere.] 
i G. G. 

JOHANN JACOK (ISI0-IK7«), cli^s^ 
tilarer, Mti of an Hun^riati mutvliatii, wa^ 
bora at Buda^PoBth ia July 1^10. lU- was 
educated at tbegrnmasiumofhiaaBtiretown, 
and received his tiral fh<>AS lessons from Szen, 

tlh^ noted Hun^tarian plaver, then a (.'lerk in 
the archives at P««tfa. Though a non-com- 
batant in the revolutiona of I'tJO, Ixiewi-n- 
tbal was an ardent follower nf Knasiith, and 
hi;Id acivil appointment under bio adminis- 
tration ; be won in consequence exix>IlcHl 
from Anstro-lltingary after the patriot'e 
downfall in lt^lO, and sought refuge tn the 
Vnit^l States of America, where he contri- 
bute an interesting account of bi^ Hojoum 
to a T(daitte enlttied * The Hook of the First 
American Con urtJBa .' In IHfil I..oewi>ntliai 

' Tuil«d England, in order to take pitrt in a 
chon toaraatoeat, and from that date ho 
pennanentlr resided in Lcmdon, 'taking an 

ksctive part in every organised movement for 

the ndraneement of ehea*.' He hecamecheas 
editor of the ' Illustrated New.*or llm World ' 
and of the ■ Era.' taking a prominent part in 
the chc'iri [iroblciii lnurin-y set afoot by the 
la«l-mun(ioned paper, of which fae ■asui'd an 
account, both in English and in Oennan, 
London and l^eipiig, 1)^7. He welcuitted 
Mon)1iy 10 Ijondon lu 18fi8, accepted with a 
goocl ^racf a cruihing defeat in a match to 
which he had promptly challenged hira, and 
published in 1 h(M) ■ .\|,-.rp]iy'!» G«me« of Cheu, 
with .Analytical and Tritical Not4-«,' fonning 
an interesting and instructive amount of 
the brilliunt American*!" mot'-oric Guro)>«aD 
campaign. He was appointed mannper And 
fnrejgn corrsiipondent of the niviH London 
cheea oongrew of 1862. in which the first 
prize WBB taken br j'Vnderssen, Lot^weulbal 
lying with Mr. lilark-biimf> for the eighth 
place. He wpit*' ft full <u?<'Oinit of thu con- 
cress for theBr>hn KerJ'-'s, (ierman edit., Hei^ 
lin, 18tU : new edit., Bohn^ l^S'J. IIeedit«d 
the ' Cbesa Player's Magaiine'from its com* 
mencement in 1Hfi:t until itx cessatirni in 
1947, and va«,£rom 186i^ to li^td, manager 
of the British Chess AsMciation, of wlucb 
IvOrd Lyttelton waa pn«idont. He waaalw 
for some ywirs sub»ec|uunt ti> i-S52 sucrotarr 
to the St. Georg«*a Che«A Club, and from 1867 
t/) IbtJI prtfuideiii of the St. James's Obess 
Club. Ijoewenthal, who Iwcamc & nat urali*ed 
Enfflisliman, liad a highly ]H)lisbecl manner 
and mixed freely in good society. Uewas a 
friend and frequent opponent at cbcas of 
W.U. Ward [q. v.], under whose influence he 
joined the Roman catholic church. lie died, 
unmarried, at St Leonards on 20 JuH lB7fl. 
Loeweritbal wiui an awiduou^ student of 
chmM; his knowledge was grtMit, hia iinaly- 
tical power remarkfthlt-, and his notes tm the 
games of .Morphy and others admirable. As 
a plavi-r he take^ a hiffh place in the aecond 
raiikufmastera. LikeTlernardllont'itzfq.v.l, 
u player of about oqual power, he w«« suqect 
III i7nn!<t it iti ional nerrouanftea when engaged ia 
malehfs, and his play cflii&pqiiftntly fiunsr»d, 
A lame tiumher of LrM'wenthal's {^^mos ore 
included in the 'CIjuss Player's Maganne/ 
the 'Chess Playtrs Ghronicli).' Walkcr'a 
'Tlioiisand Games,' and other collections. 

fCooper'B Bing. Diet. SuppL p. 122; Illostr. 
Lond. >cwa. :>9 July 1878; TinieB, 21 July I87«; 
LoewcDtbnrs Wiirfca in Brit. Mus. Libr.; priratt 
inforniAtioD.] T. S. 

LOFFT, CAPELL (1751-1824). miwel- 

laneoiiA writer, wa« 9011 of Christopher Lofft, 

t rival L- secretary of Sflrah, duchess of Marl- 
orough, and Anne, sister of Edward Capell, 
[he e<litor of Shakespeare. He waa liom in 
llnnwetl Court, C*iey Street, London, on 




14 "^ov. 1761 : placed in September 1759 u f 
a dfty-boj- nt Kt<m, wlirnec nv prtMy-eiiwJ in 
17ttU tu IVlertiuiise, Cambridgi-. Hia tripciK 
verwB in praise of ShAkt-npearv were bo 
wannly prai-'ccl by Oarrick ti> iidward Ca- 
p»1] thnt till- iinrlo nnd iiephtrw msde up a. 
prevuiiiH cuuliKwtis ^.vit\ left ihu univvr»ity 
m 1770 wiiboui irntduutiiijf, U:canit> s mem- 
ber of Linraln'ft Inn, hikI whs cft1b>d lo tbe 
bar in 177ft. Koun ftft'Twunls lii« fathnr's 
dMtb gSTB hjui iin i mlmjt'tKlciiI forlntie, ntid 
on rbe dencb of hi* uncle. I'^ward Cap^ 
ITHI, be xufcediid In tU*' fjirnily ontalPS Bt 
Tmi4litii mill Sraiitiin, iituir [iurv Si. I''d- 
inundH : In* livvtl iiitmy yvtiTe in tlie bull nt 
Trostou. He Miirliwi jioHtical law, m'a* a 
Ht.ron? whi^. nnd took part in the Bfritahoii 
ugninAt. tlie ii]iivi^tmdt> nnil in tbr> npjioKil ion 
to thd AniL-riruii wur. ]lv wu» un Kilmlcvr 
of Fox nnd nn iidvocntc of pttrliBnu-nliirt* rv 
fnrm. ll(> spuko m CoHrhinnki'rH' Hall mid 
thn WwtminntiT Faruiii, nnd wan an oripi- 
iial mcmbiTof tbi' Society for Condtiiutiuiial 
Rrfnrmntion. ' ITii* little Tiftvid of pnpiilnr 

33irit,' ax \w IB I'ullml by Ituitwi'll | l/fs "f 
uAruurf, cli.lxxviii.),CAUv tobercKardHd Ufa 
firebrand, ««pecin!IyntcnuntymB<?tingi'.wbt>tfi 
bcwnKri ti'ndfrnmfinjt tbe ri'l'iirm pwrty. His 
iinmie wiuf tilrui'k ulV llii- n>lli ut' inji^iHlniU-B in 
1800 beCauiw of bi* ' improper intwrfuixmco' in 
trying to mtu tim life of a poor girl wlio Und 
born condi-mni-d to death for a pnhry theft 
by Sir Nn&li Qmau at tho Suffulk iisiiizcw. 

He had an engnuouB corrvaponJencw wilh 
moat of the literary rhnrnctprs of his Hmo. 
Among bin pi-rsonal fririKlH wi-n- l''i«, tUfirk- 
Bon, WilbiTforcw. Oodwiii, l>r. Jubb, Cart- 
wri;^]it. ilaxlitt, Howard lbt> phiUnthropli^it, 
and osjmcinlly bis nciebbnur, Arthur Young. 
H. Unibb Hobinson (/>ii«-v, Ac. i.:^*) nien- 
tinnn bini wn, a pnililic iiutriiiT, and yib. p. %[) 
ffirea a lively dewcription ni an iucident nt 
Btowinarkj?t, whon> liott't wns tlif hern of ihe 
dav. In N'ovcmhcr 17H8 I.olll dwiirtil ibe 

fillbIic•lnti^>n of tin* 'FamiLTs lioy' bv Ilobtrt 
iloomfiidd [q. v,], « nalirc of an adjoining- 
rillafe, and wiui ndind^'d for htH pamH in a 
not« to nymn'fl ' Kitf^lisb DurdK mid Scotch 
Revi«wtfT>i.' Lofflwii* a ulauiidi »iipporttr of 
Napol<!on, -who said 'qii'il comptorftittoiijniirH 
M, Capell IxiJn. piimii 8L»» nmiH le» pluH ufFw- 
tionn^i*.' lie nttnii-teJ noticte in ISli'i by 
)uovi[if{ the ourt nf kiuif's bt-nclt to irtuis a 
writ of habctw rnrpii-i hi Win^npthi^ Ixxlyof 
Napiik'on, thvu dctaiiii^d n> priKuniT nn bunnl 
the Northiimborland in Plvmoiith Harbour. 
In 1818 he left Troston with his family for 
the continrnt, ond travpUwJ till IKyj, when 
he Betlled at Turin. I» tbuKprinirof 1334 b<' 
left fur Sloncalieri, wbi^Mi bu dii^cfnn 2i> May. 
LoBl WOB a iiiau of many accucnpli^biueats, ^ 


a good classical fcbolar, • ftniat lover of Itt*^ 
r&tiiTV and of natural hialory, ati enlbuaiaat 
ill music, nn autboHty ou botany, and a 
akilled aatronomcr. IK> mad*.- an obafrraiioa 
(tl Jan. 1)416) suppot«d to indiciitc tbe Inif 
itit of n plam-t inti^rior to Memiry, but now 
Ki'nLTally rxmeidvrud tobav« been a aon-ipot 
(jM<jn/A/yA'«fi«i*,xx. 14*4). A amall. upriffV, 
eccentric, and boyiah-looking figurv, no liad 
evory poedibLe diudvantage to ooDtend with 
as a'puUic sprakar. Hii drcM wm alonnly 
and unfashionable, u may b« »««ii from 
the rariiratiires of bim firhed by Dvlpini 
and otUera. Ilia voice waE fvebU-, though 
awMt, and lils vauXxaKx* involved, ile mar- 
ried. fir«, on 20 Aujr. I77H, Anne, daughter 
of ll^nry Emlvti of Windsor, thu arcbilcet 
\\bn niairirt^d ^:. Gt'Drge'e Omp«l, by whom 
ba had iiervral ohildran : nnd aecondly, on 
10 March ltiO'.% Sarah Wat^nn (aut^oraos of 
many Minnvta in her husband's ' I.Aura'), 
(Uu^bter of Jidin Fiitcb, eac|.,CambRd^, W 
whout be bad ouv ton, Capdl Lofil 3-^-J> 
and tn-o da»tghtpr« ; oi>ii of the latter, iJiiua 
Cfiiwll|lMN.'ainL' thu piic'ind wifi'ofSir Walter 
C. Previ-lyaji, bart,,of WalUugton, Xorthum- 

\\i Wfl<« author of the following works: 
1. ' ThL> i'misfis «t' I'oHtrh-, a Poutn. London, 
1776, 8vo. "i. ' Itepons of CdSW adjudged in 
the Court of Kind's Bi'Dch, 12 to Mfu-u. III. 
with ftolect Cast's in Cbant'ery and (_V>mt»nn 
Pleas within thf mmu Period : to wbiub are 
added tbe Catie of Ckneral NVorrant and a 
CoUectioii of iMaxim»,' London. 1776, fbl. 
.'}. ' Print-iuia cum Iuri» uiiivrnuilis turn 
pnpcipuii Anis'lit'aui ; ed. 2^ uiullum auctA 
lit vaatiaata : qulbus u^CL-dunt arlia logics M 
comp^'niiinm et nriidentim civilis priBcepla I 
I.'' vlariMiimiH nun ul ciribiiH. AniTtore Capol 
LoiTt, I.e.,' 2 toln., London, 1779. 12uxo, 
-1. ' Klemeiita of Univeriul Law,' Sic, being* 
the Hr«t v^ilunif nf n tranalation of No. 3, 
Liindoti, 1779. tt. ' Eudo«ia, nr a Poem on 
tUc Universe," London. 1781, 12mo. tt. ' Aa 
Kssav on the Law of Libel '( unonymoua), 
Lonnnn, l7H/i. 7. 'Throe letters on ilio 
Qii(«tioiiofHi'frency.'niiry,l7KH,f)vo. «.'0l>- 
survations un thv first part of Dr. Kiiowlea's 
Ttfltimonien from tho \\ riters of ibc fiwt four 
Centuries,' Ar., Bnry, 1780, 8vo. a * An fl 
Hiiiory of ilie C'rtrporation and Ttvtt Acta, I 
witli an InvTOtifiat ion uf their Importance, M 
&e., hv 0. L., lliirv, 17&0, 8vo; 2nd edit. I 
London, 17f»0, Hvo. 10. '\ Vindicalitlo " 
of Xo. ft, Londnn. 171K), 8vo. II. * U*^ 
marlipi" on liurk^'.* Utter upon the Freooh 
revolutii^i, I7VM(, Kvo; I'lid edit., with ad- 
ditions und ri'iusrks ou Ilurku's letter to a 
nipmb.'r «r tbe National Aaaembly, London, 
l7UI,ttvo. 12. 'i'tuTaoe to an ArgiimBiit on 




tb« dUiinctioD between Mnnfilmiiglitpr ant) 
Mnrtturr, deducml by an Inveiiti^lioD of 
our AncicDt Lavr, W tUi! Lord ChtNrf Ilarou 
Gilbert, pving an Account of that cminenr. 
Jndgv; aim an Alutrart nf Liicki> \m \\\k 
Human UndenitaniUng,' Lomloii, 17^1. Svo. 

13. 'An Eam> i>n tliP K0ect of a Ditwolutinn 
of Parliament on an Impoaclimt^nl bv tbp 
Rnaite of Commons tor ] I i^i < ."ritnys an J Mi«- 
ilrou'snixm.' Kury 81. l-liliiiitnilK, \7V\, Hvo. 

14. 'MiUon's I'aradL* Lost, printed from 
tbe l«t and ifnd vA. collated, the orif^nnl 
tjaXem of orl bo^frnpliy rwttored^ t he jiunc* 
Kuation corrocteil anil vxli^nili^il, with rnriimfl 
nadiiig», tod oole« chiefly rlivthmictil hv 
C. L..' Bory St. Edmunds, I7(i'2 (onJv ibi* 
■rat book pubUflhe<l>. Ui. -The first and 
iMXMid Qeorffic of V ireil atletupt^ in blank 
TSTM. AcoL-dit ode llebnca (uaiie, cap. v.) 
cntn wnionibuH ui^lrica prus»(|iie,' Ijondnn, 
180a, Ii'rao. 16. 'Un tlo ReviTftl of the 
Cause of Kvfiirm in the Ut^pr««enta(ionof the 
Common* in Pariiami'nr,' ].nnr]on, IHOO, ftvo, 

'.•'ApboriiimB frim ShaliL-»|H*jir<.%' &c., Hury, 
2, It^o. 1 K, ' Launv, or an A lit bolopy of 
U(on the Pet rarolisa model tandeleffiac 
Jitns, Kncli»b, Ilalinn, Spanish, Por- 
9, Frr-ncb, and (.ivnuan : tm^lnrnX anil 
tnuulated in Five Volumes by C. L.,' London, 
1814, tcap. S\-o, 5 tdU. 

P'lunily rvoorda; Suj.jil. to Suffolk Cliron. 
M April ISM; (lent, Mu^ ii. IKl; NVir Knif.ilk 
OarlAtid, ly John Olvde.juu.. ItAWivh. ISG6.] 

H. A. H, 

LOFFT, UAPKr.I., the younger (11^06- 
1873), chusical scholar, poirt, and mi^Ctfl- 
laxieouB writer, fourth son of CajK'll Lnfft 
the elder fcj. v.\ and onlv son bv uib second 
wife, waa hnra IH I'Vb. I iWil al trrwtoii Hal], 
SnflbUt. He was placed in 18U on the 
foundation of Eton Collefic, whence he jnv 
cvnlad in]H2r> in Kind's ColleKH,Ciunbnd^, 
and in due cminie b«H^lLme a fellow. Havlup 
oblaioed tfa« L'ravon university scliolarvtiip 
— tbe hi^hefil rlaKkical distinction ojien in 
thoae (lavs to Kinfc's men — in 18:!7, lie gra- 
daated B.A. in ]kii>d, 1^i>. Ilewas 
eftUsdtoth'j b&rof the MiddlfTemplo in 16M. 
bat DeTvr Httaineil. if hti ouui^ir, pror>-«*iiona] 
emineneH. In ()ciol>er IS37 he i-acated bia 
MliTwatiip by marria^, and in ihe samt* year 
publii)iii>^ ftiionynmUAly hi>i tirat liti-rary 
undtrrtnkinff, a mvnlal atilobio|rni[diy with a 
didactic piirpow.enlitled 'S«>lf-Fnnnnti«ii, or 
tbe Iliftoryof an Individual Mind, intended 
•a a Guid« for tbi^ IniflWt through lliHinul* 
ti«s 10 HuconKt, by a Kt'llow uf n Culhx*'*' i" 
S Tola., London. Harriet .Martineau said 
that every parent of boys ouffht to read the 
boob. Lotfi'g ohj^t is ' to »uow, &} ihe rtv 

0ul( of his own proper and personal experience, 
tbui H'lf-iiJi't ruction is the ona grtmi vnd of 
rational •:^uc«lio»,' and 'to point out bow 
habits of thoiigbtfu1tii.^»s ojc to W formed.' 
He i'^nds bycuiniuetidinpobove all iliinpt> for 
I intellectual and mora) adraneenifnt the >^lTi- 
, cacy of reliifioa, a »en«? of which was first 
kindled in niro, Ik- x>A\* im, by an excursion 
iu Dt'ronshire with tbe lUhle as hia sole com- 
panion, and the Mil»iei]ueiit imrusal of Law's 
'Stirioua Call.' After his murriage LolTt re- 
ftiilwl fur a Atiort time in London, but a roring 
life was mum to hib tiitt<', and be npent moet 
of bia time on the continent, when- ihi^elronK 
libem1pnnciple.« which beinheriitd from his 
fjiilier and visions of social iH-rk-ciihility led 
bim Inl^j tbe soeitity of sumo of iha chief 
politicul ftgitatura of the time, llis next 
publication, likewise aQoTly1Dou^ was an epic 
pnf!m in twelve hooks, 'l';rnesi,' tl<'dicati>d lo 
(he miimorv of Milton, and printed for tha 
author in 1339. It wa« soon withdrawn from 
(rirculation. The poem embodies a Gorman 
tradiiinn of Ernest, B pftfallfl to the Welsh 
ono of Arthur, both of whom are to return 
and ri?ii;n and fulfil other patriot prophecies. 
It reprewQts the growth, atruggh^, and tri- 
uin]ib of ch'ini.'tai. ]*i-nii Mihuaii, wIiimi no- 
ticing; the poem in th*- 'tJuarU-rly Iti-xiew,' 
Uocembor 1830, expresses the hi»rUcst admira- 
linti of c1u> (pfniua of ih*' tiiil^miwn autJior, 
but oondeiuns t he work as wiMly inconsistent 
and Uwlese in its style and olyect. A second 
edition was pubtlshi^d in 1868 with the title 
* Ernest, ihe Rule of Kif[ht,' In iht- prefaco 
thr author coniplaiii>-d of tbe unn.-a(liiie<>s of 
iheKngltsh people toudoptchartist ine&sureR. 

\x\i(i was in Ami^ricA during tbf rivJl war, 
and while living in the wild.<i rtf MinnesotA 
prpiuireilMiMHlittotiof the' f^elf-Cumuiunifin' 
of M&rcus Antomuus. with critical iioies to 
the Greek text, llie title ton '.Mnpcov 
\vTiafumv . . . rn tU tavrav, aive ail aein^tim 
coinmentarii morales. I{eo>ii?ui[, ileuuu 
ordJnavit, expur^rnvit, rDstituii, tiotis itliiB- 
travil . . , C. L. J'ftrrher, N. Ebonici l'..S., 
A.D. IHfll. \. libemta. reip. 1.' In IWW 
Ijuffl puhlijijied iu I/mdt)u' NearTeslaini-nl : 
SuggMtion.* for Uefonnwiou of Greek Test 
from the self-conferred papal Ihctatoriihip 
and blind Oh«triirtivene*s of meditrrnl 
monkish copyintH. On principles uf logical 
criticism, liy It. E. Siorer (i.e. lle»torer).' 
Bnlh works, esppeially the Ia1ter,liick sound 
and sober criticism. 

In bis old agit abandoned his wild 
]>olitic^l theorie", and luirchosed two con- 
siderable psialt' in Sussex, and the otiier, 
called Millinead, in N'ireinia, I'.S. He diinl 
at .Millmead on ] ttel.l«7a. LotlVewife wa« 
Mflrr, daughter of William Andereou, e*q., 




arNownliuu UoUM,CuQbndg«. Bylwu-hf 
h&i two dAiiprbteni, the eldur of wliom (wife 
of tb? lU-v. T. II. Irwin) vaa dmwaad, to> 
(ft-llior with her only djilJ, by the upeetring 
of a UmX <ja tlitf Lbkeof 0«a«Tt — • calnmiiy 
lo wliioli l.ofT^ sltiides in his prafaco to llie 
second Mditiwn of Kmest ' (p. xxv). 

[Kftmilj- recttrdji.) H. A. IT, 

■wnler-fobtir painter, bom in 1858, was 
daughter of T. B. W. FomttT, u laiidjKspe- 
uiiutvr, i>f Hnit Majtor in Wiltehirp. A* 
MiaH Mary l''<n>t(T bUw attuiiUKl coiiiu dw- 
linction M a w&UT-colour painter, and her 
Wrtrks worn Tiiiicb mlniircd III iln- [Cxliihifinii 
of Lorly Arli»tsin Urt'at Marllmrou^li Slivct, 
J^nnddii. Ill It*rt4 bIi'!Wii» idiM-twlanassooittt*.' 
of tliw Kiiyal S>cioty i:if I'aiiitiT* in WaitT- 
colouni. In iht' wnni'Vf'iirslifinnrTifdSaTiiHel 
31. H, l/iflliniisi', bnrristtT-nt-law, but dit?d iili 
•i May ISWJ at Klmbatik. Lower HalUlbrd-ou- 
TliHined. A tuiinting nf 'IVmhrolti^ C«st!f,' 
in the Exhiliitioii of iho Koyal Socirty of 
I'lunliTS in Wnler-coloun that yfjur, wa»^ at- 
tract ine wry favoiirabk attention at tlic time 
of luT dettih. 

[Tinim. f} May 1880 ; Gram's Diet, of Artiitt, 
17[l3-lfi8(i.] L. C. 

( !(ir)ll?-174l'l, invt-nttir, wax a nalivvof lln!- 
Iniul, wlii> cdTjiliI it'll I'd liioiHelf in LimdoQ 
flltout Uit*^ n» a lunrchaiit and QiaiiiifAcTiirer 
of fire-t'ii|{ine(i. liu wtifi naliirnliiti^d in tlint 
yv»r hy Inltcrii patent dati'd 10 Oct, {I'atent 
'Holf*,'i Jm--. II. pt. U), No. 27). lliti nann- 
nppi-arK in thv 'Allfgnliuris for Marriage I.i- 
ciruc4;j' iaaucd by tlif Vtcnr-Oeni.'ral of tbe 
Arcltbinliopof Can-terlmry, July I0>*7 tuJuno 
UiU4,' firiiili'd by tlm I [arlfian Sociil v, midt-T 
tbi3 diiti' .11) April \0>*9 : ' Jobii l/.ftlng:, 
of St. Thotiift* ApdBtlr. I,nnd(>n, Mrrchiuit, 
IJochflcir, alnmt HO, and Mrs. IIcpIlt Ituw*, 
nr St. Mic1iuc1,C^iii.fii1iiit]i, l.oiidim, Spinet tr, 
about \9.' TliobnptiHUi ofadauirht«r. Maria, 
ii* i*H'nrded in tbe ri-jfint^Td ot Tlip Dutch 
<"hurr!i, AnAtin Friars, iindt-r diitp 10 Dpc. 
IIJOO. Ill l(]Wlu;took«<iil apatvtit |N'o.mH) 
ffiT a firo-onffine. The copy of Pennant's 
• [^ndnn,' iluistmtcd by Lmwlc, which in 
nnw inlhi'priiit rtKim of ihvItrihKh MusL'tim, 
indudfitii jiririt rwir*«enlinp Lofting* fir*^- 
ontrincc at work. In lh<> explnnntory mutter 
wliicli fomiK part, (if I lie cn(iravin)(, the in- 
TentnrHtiitci t liat hn * livud «i>vrnyonraiil Am- 
itvnlani with ouo of tlif* maaterft of the Rre- 
«nfr)iic« tb.-'rc, and t« thomiijrhlv iicquaintod 
TTith till' uictlindc]"rnctisHd in thciBH piirra m 
qiir>nrhtni; of fin-H.' He mentions Ihar he 
lia» HUppified ongiiiM to somo of thw royal 
palaces, and that, for sl'tvitbI yttan Itu wa^ in 

the habit of atiMidln^ flras. using ' btf) nt- 
lunct endRavonrs to exUnguiab tbi? same, aud 
was 90 aucceiAful therein, that at all fires he 
waa ererat.noi above onu honaen as entirely 
destroyL-d,' He re«'ivi*d no nvonip'^ns* from 
tin* puhlir.eod was therefore nbUyed to dJa- 
couUuue his efforts. Lof^ing's portrait oo 
Ctlpiea one orniT of the plate, which is de- 
dicated to ' Kinjf <4eur^i-, but thn i>xact data 
cannot be given, as the imprint of the Ilri- 
tiah Muslim copy han bef n cut off, and no 
olhcrcxaoipIeranhprofiTred to. The 'master 
of the fire-«ngioe« ' uHttd''d to waa probably 
Kitlit-r the elder or the yoimptr .Jan Van der 
Heyde, who publKhcd at Amsterdam in IfiBO 
a well-known bonk ilhistrarin); their Qiu- 
en^inee with k-Jithur liooe, i>r which they wet« 
till' inventora. Loftiiiff'a plate is one of the 
manv imitations of the illuHlratirTiiK in Van 
dcr H i.ytW» book. »y thtt end of 1 1 tUO lifting 
fieema to huvu bii-ii eiij;a^ in the mauu&i^ 
t\ire of £re-«D)^D«K upm a con^idcrrihlc scale, 
for in Norember of that year he pn.'aml«d 
a p<^tition to the king setting forth that 
'iron wiru boing abaolutelynectiftury for ths 
niakeing of your petitioner's onginRS for 
extingui.obing of fire, and your pi-titionCT 
Wing a IJutcF) mnn home, and ignorant of the 
Uwe^of lIiiH nation, did import from Holland 
lately a small pari-L'l of wHre, &c.' The wire, 
which was valued at ftTi. 18«., had bL-en M'ixed 
by the ciHlcere nf llie cnMoms, and Lofting 
prayii reiJBf in the matter, which wa« gnint^n 
{Treaniiy Pap&rif, voL xi, No. 18). The 
wire in (]n><«tion could only have been utied 
for placing inside the li-ather auction hoee. 
In Itl!^;] u pntent (No. SK>) wa.8 ffranted to 
bim for a machine for making thimblca. The 
Honsi.' of fointnons' Mminial ' records, under 
the datri 10 Mnrch Hl&^, the preaenUtioa 
of a {H'litiun, relative to the duty on Frttncb 
Ijoods, by 'John I-ofVing, merchant, of I/mi- 
don,' and in the ' .Journal ' for 16 .1 une 1698 
thti iitlomev-pcneml i« ortlKred to pro««ilt* 
' Mr. LofVin' and others 'who had ^t np a 
lott-pry and offered to receive gnincaa at thirty 
iUiilliiig»n piece.' Lord RfUumnnt, governor 
of New York, wheu referring in a despatch 
to the si-izuro of the He«ror, ft vessel belong- 
ing to one JiassL', add^ : ' The diwH>urjie was 
among tbfi men-hnnt.'* hen- tlial he [liaaae] 
Und ciiibitxsled bif brother-in-law, Mr. John 
Lof^LMg's, oiirgo ■which that ehip brought 
from Fnifland, valued al HCXW.. and by that 
means Mr, Lofling be<?ame bankrupt ' (ib. 
l(l&7-1702.vcd, Uxi.No. IS). Aftt^r IroOhe 
willed at iirftit Mnrlow, and the p<iriah p&- 
ginler reconU llui buriiil of his wife tlierH 
-^ Julv 1709. In his will, dated 1-1 April 
1733, w describe* binit>e1f aa 'John Lofting, 
ofllreat Marlow, Bucks, gentleman,' and ha 


aiipMin to hftve bnra po!»mM>(l of coosider- 
sLltf property, amoiifT which he vavnlifMv* liU 
* thim b le mUle." He appoints his fri*?»il« 
Edmand and Hurry Wali>T of Tti>aronfl6fld 
/dMCOndAiits of the pttul) to be owneen of 
AL9 will, lie left B«ren tont, one of irhom 
rouruled & cliariiy for the poor of Great Miir- 
low, n'lieirdmcvndaiiti^of the fftciily arc still 
n-<iidinK> His will wu proved in I^ondon 
11> Jtui« 1742. bia death haring lafaeit pla«! 
«ii the previoufi day. 

[Awhoriti««cito>): informatioD from th^ Rev. 
H. O. F. VVhtttttigKtAll, vifur uf Great Mnrlgw.] 

R. H. P. 

LOITUS, ADAM t].*)33?-lG0o). nrcli- 
biitliop of Armnch nnd Dublin, the Aecond 
itoa of lulward Ijoftus of SSwiiieftida in the 
piLfish of Covi^rham, Yorkahire (Atthim,, 
Mid'iUhatH, p. i61, WM hom probahlv in 
1533 (/\(H.-rrt/ £■«/»•/« ill risler'ft Office, f. -W ; 
bat ft. MuNi-K Mason, St. Fatrirk'ji, App- p. 
lTii,BtidnL«».V<'/(^un'/(^rw,4th^vr.xi. 19). 
He wa« t.'diicutt'd at Cambridge, probaMv at 
Trinity tullt-gv (CoorBH. AtXentt Ointalr.), 
mnA aftfrwarda became rertor of (liitwi»U 
St. riemea(,>'orftilk(RLOMi»>ii:LO. .Vur/o/i, 
t-ii.4-75). In Tlrmer (J(rtir/Yj,xv.4&4) raoQ- 
lion 18 made o? a certain Adam Iy>ftou9U 
bein^ preaeiitwl by the crown [I'hilip and 
Mary) in 1557 to the Ticftrag<> of fiddney 
ID Linooln»fair«, from which it han been io- 
fened that he waa at that time a itoman 
catholic (rf. Ki-ntstunx, Jtutijiaitiiin <if (h^ 
JUiamr, Ihiuay, 101 1, p. ^X), wht^^re he is du- 
•cribeda«*aui>p'j«tat«prieat'). Ifao.heevi- 
ileatly conformed to the establLihi-d church 
en thfi acoeasion of Kliiahelh, nnd wtm ap< 
pointed chaplain lo the lunl'liculununt uf 

■ Irelaad, the uirl of SuMex, with whom lie 
ai^Numtly went to Ireland in May loHCI. 
Tn April lotil hei»B|Kikeiioft.SHiRi:RT,Ony. 
XrtUrr, xxxv.) an chaplain to Alexander 
Onik, biahop of Kildare aod dean of St, 
Patrick'iL On 8 Oct. following he waa pr<>- 
aented hy th« crown to llit* rectory of Pains- 
town in the di-jt-r_-s« of Mi-utb (^fuHSIS, Cal. 
Pat. PolU, i.441). His learning and dii»^re- 
lion Mwn found recognition, and on Aii Oct. 

tloQl Elizabeth, on In*? reCMmrnt'n<latioii of 
Smaax, and apparently aXeo of ArchVi&bup 
^rker {Parkrr Corrtm, p. 117), directed 
a MNy^ tTilirv, notwitlistanding tiiich in- 
•tnuneota had been rendered uiina-eMary 
in Irdand by a r«c«nt act of parliament, to 
|ie iaaued to the dean and chapter for his 

■ eleratiiMi to the arcbiepiBconal see of Armafcb 
<MoRW5,CS7/. Pat. Jt»tU, I. 471). The lu>l 
Mif^ oociipant of the see had b#*ii Georjre 
Dowdall 1 1], v.], who died on 15 Aug. looH. 
On 7 Feb. loOU IlonatuaMacTeige bad be«n 

appointed lo tbo archlMalioiirie by the pope, 
hut neither he nor his aucce^or, Uicbard 
t'reagh 'ji. v.], WM rewmiised by tho Kiiglish 
linventincTit, .Xrmagh, liownver, at this time 
wa» in rliv )i<)»M.-]<^ioii of Shane O'Xvill, and 
on '2 iSept , 1 iViJ Siwt^ex explained t hai , owing 
t<^ the ikbctence of Butidry of the cbaptur, 
' whenHif \\\f prentest p«rt lie temporal men 
and Slutne CNeilTa horwaoen.' tlie dean 
could not proceed to the eltictioa (Hhiklbt, 
Orig. Letters, xlv.) In January IWW Lt>(l<is 
accompaniHd f^nissex to England, app^ 
rently on buxintntft connects! with the arch- 
bishopric : for on ^ Oct., shortly aflor hia 
return to Ireland, he rt'ceived a oommitf-ritoii 
to onler (tiKlejiinstica] ranees in the dioceSe, 
and to lake the t<'ni|>oraIitiesof tlie see from 
3<>0ct. 1.J<{1 until hi»ciinwcmri*in(MoHKT;f, 
C-al. Pat. JMU, i. 47y). (.)u 2 Marr^h 16fi:t, 
in uiirMuaiia! of a royal a)andat«> dated 
20 Jan., addrvSi-fd to Hiigh, archbishop of 
D'lblin, and two other binhnpa (I'A. p. 4el), 
the form of (vpilulur iiloL'tii*n having been 
aWndoned, Iioftua waa consecrated arch- 
biihop of Armagh by Hugh Cunven [q. v.], 
archbiahnp of Ihiblin, aRttiiited by other 
bishops, and in tliiit wiiy wa» prri-^erved un- 
broken the line of episcopal succ*>i«ion in the 
cluirch nf Ireland. The litemlure, oiintro- 
vi^rsial ami otherwise, relating to I^iftus'a 
cnnsflcmlioTiifconeidorabie. The chief poinu 
in diapute are, brst, whether he bad at the 
time attained the canonical age of thirty, 
anil ttL-coiiilly, wbethir the mandate was car- 
ried into eififcl »u fur a» concumod Lbn othtir 
bishops (cf. Ware, BUhQyt; MaST, JIut.of 
tJi^ CAuiv/i of Ireland, i. 2RJ>, and note on 
Hvlcuif; W.M. IlKAnY,/'^^ IruA Rrf-rrmatioH\ 
\V. Lee, Srnne Strkiureg nn Dr. liradt/H Patn- 
jihM, Dublin, 1866 ; W. H. U&kdixgb. 
yorrati'i-* in Pirxif of the Uninterrupted 
i'lmri^^ratiintal Jiritrmf vf the IliMhup» of tM 
ChurrA vf Ireland, Dublin, 1867 ; A. T. IjBE, 
The Iri»h Eviscopa/ Succestion, London, 
IH67; P. F. MOK.VS, The EjdMcopat Succa- 
aiimin Ire/and. Dublin, ISlMi). 

Owing to the restricted power of the 
English government in Ireland. Loftus';t au- 
thoriTy in bis diocPAi' was mors nominal than 
real. The untin? lemporalitii's, lie nubse- 
cjuently oomplniued, were wurth only about 
'JOI. a year, with tlic hoiute and lunda of T«^ 
moiifeflkin, near DroghMla, where ho usually 
reeidi-d when mlale alliiirs did not require hia 
presence in Dublin. In September 1064 he 
obtained leave of absence for tour mnnthi((W, 
Pi/tiiti. Klii!.,No.H74>,andon if Jan. 1505,08 
Uii: result of his \i.''it to court, Elixabeth 
granted him the deanery of St. INiirick'a, 
vacant by tlieduiith ot Cn,i\i, in mmmmdatn, 
till other suitable prorislon could be made 




for him, an liu cunsentiBg to enter into a 
bond of 1,000/. to Tteian it ' wbensoerer th« 

quocn'x majesty should conv<>rt the uma to 
a sclioul or hoiiiu> of lonniing' |,.SHtiit.t:r, 
Orig. Lettert, Ui. Ixni.) liu wu* ncconl- 
loglr postulated bv tlie chupter, and on 
^ Jftn. tho pfvit iilnt ion wa« coiitirme^l bylhu 
quwn (MoNCK Mahok, St. I'atrktc'fj p. ItW). 
On tliH Mlablialiamnt of thu caauuiiuiion for 
occIoMMiical ca)isM, on 1 Oct. 156'>, hi' wr% 
fippainted to th« cWwf (iliioo on it. His 
luiinuiig nuil tliscrt'tiuit Imd alrcftily ■rbtaiiii'd 
SuBMXB api^robaiion.itiid hewuounivorsally 
■dntowleaffcd to bo a xcalotu) and I'lnniniit. 
prwdier. Fhe tlam]> climiite of Irulaiid, 
nowem-, did nol u^frei- witli hi* henltli, and 
IB August 156C lid obtained loavij to be ab- 
sent in England for twelve months (Cnt. 
/Vffln^'ft). Ill-beaUh compellwl 
him to »t<>p for n time at Caiubrid^i-, but on 
3 Not. b« addrw»ed a k-ctor t'runi btii lodg- 
ing in 8cMitltvrark to Cwcil, eiii'lu(iin>,' »ii ac- 
count thai had reached him of thn damap- 
tlouv to \u» dioc«»4i by SbaiiR O'Ntill, and 
reqite«tin^ permiMion to resign hU iirch- 
bisliojiric (SiiiKi-iiv. Orit;. I,^ftrrf, -cii.) On 
26 Nov, liB was adraittud tu thu dogrei* of 
D.D. at Cambrld^re iCooi'KB, Atfie/tea ('<■(«- 
tabr.) MtMiiwhilti \\w •(ik-»ti<^ii of timling a 
suiciiblii nuceejMrur to ArL'hljinImp Curwt'ii, 
who liad befin tmiuilatcd to Ijxftrrd, nac oc 
cu|>yiD^>'t]i('aMvii(LoiLuf govortiiuput. I<<iftus 
at bnst BOggL'sted Hugh Jirxdy, bijihop of 
Meath, but finding him nomewlint lux on 
the ciitnniix.'^ion for errWiaHtical (Taii»Bs, \w 
witlidruw bin nn'ncnjiiiriidntJon in favour of 
Christopher (ioodmim (Siiislet, Oi-iif. I^t- 
trrii, \xxxv. xnviii. cvii.) Hut on 11 Mart'b 
lfiiQ7 Sir Ht-nry Sidnt-y aiinouiirwl to I^iftu^ 
till* quEjcn's inti-nlioii of traiiHlaTtug liioi to 
the archbiflliopric. and on hi« own nci^nunt 
add«d the wfirds, ' nunr vt-nit. bora wck-aiarn 
rtsfiinuafuli " ( fA. cix.l I^iftus wai^ iucUnod 
to HtJpulatf for tliv i\-ti-ntiun of Ian dtraiipry 
(ih. ex.) But finding that it wan de- 
aigtifd for Ihii ns>w lord L-banci'lIor, Kobfrt 
Wwilon, lie rwignt?d it, and on H Aug. KjO? 
was translated to Ihiblin (Cuttov, Fn»ti 
Evlr*. Hih.) Shortly afliT hit inrtnliation 
bia unumif? i^ought to dainagL- hJui with thu 
qiimn, by itinlnuiiting tliut liu wan making 
innovatioUH in th»> cidehrution of iho cum- 
mnnion. IIli« thi*oI(igy waa indeed Mrongly 
Iwvvowd n-itli ].>untNnii>ui ; but though he 
numbered among hi* c»rr.»jtpi>ndi*nt9 John 
Knox, and accounlfd Tliunins ("artwrigbt an 
linnoiirf'd Criii'nd, he wfLt always « slavmcb 
adhL-n<n1 of lliroi'taVdij'hinenl, Then> swnis, 
indi^^d, littli? doubt that lit> wnH indiflrrent 
in mati'T" of riliuil.aiid |)i;i-»iiiiiilly favmirod 
a more situplt* oetvuioiual tbau that uta- 

blixlied by law ; but ho empbalJcally dant«} 
that be had in bia »ennons to tb« clergy op 
tirt people *p?rauadcd any innoraiion, or 
iwemf^l to mislilcu uf (bnt wiabud rereronlly 
to be embraced), that order aet faith already 
by the law ' {State Papcrt, Irulaad, EUi. 
xxiii. 18), So, too, when he wa» charged, on 
the gniund of bis intimary with Carlwrigbt. 
M-itb beinga puritan, he inditniontly dMlarvd 
hiuii^ir ' utterly rgnonmt wbat the term and 
ncu^ntiou of a nnrilan inoant'lb' (liA. Ivii. 36'j, 
During the diHturhanL-ti^ that occurred iu 
the flpring of 157;i I.oftuis suffvrvd *evK«ly. 
Ifis town of Tttllfight, lying on the edge or 
the WirkEow mniint^aini), wan invaded by the 
Irieli, und a nrphi-w of hix and mmo of his 
men olain at th« very galvs (i*- il- 36). t>n 
the death of WcMo'n, in Mar 1573. ho w*» 
appninrifd lord hcfpi^r, and fmld the oUtce 
till April 1-070, whun hw wan »uco«Kled bv 
Sir W illiamG«ran) ci.v.] [iiJ. JIA.) Meui- 
while IwUboured diligenilyaKiiprvHchvrand 
an iMxrli^iant ical rommi.'uionf r tn adrance the 
n-fi>rinatioTi; but bi- 8uflV<r«d much from an 
inftmiity in Ids li-g, and Fittwilliani,tbongh 
tliinking he miglit, ' having yoitlli ami 
!>trfn;^h/ 'bear it nut for a time,' advised 
liin translation to Oxfonl, wit h the deanerj of 
Weli* in '•oiiruu-tttiaM ( Strife J'trpert, Irriuid, 
KItK. xlii. I'l. Iv. 'J9, Ivi. £7 ». A uimmiaeioot 
ipsm^d on IH .March I-'i"" to Qeorge Acworth 
and ItoWrt C-Iurvovf'irgrauliiig licvuaiMf dii^ 

fensationt., facullte:*, Arc, wae nwvntedl by 
/iftiis. the bead of rbc commission for e«cl<v. 
Hinxiica) raiini-tt, and tht> otlier bishops gnne- 
rally, a/s uii infringiTtncnt of tlinir rights; 
and" after considerable controversy, in which 
Lnftiis took a prominent part (BiLvm. Stat^ 
Prtprrarfmi-rnunt/ thr Iritk ('hurrh, pp.2ll-W()^ 
thi' i^^muii^ion wav mvokrd on 1-1 Marcli 
1670 (fW;. llnnt*, Elii. No. 299H). Durioff 
liemrd's ali^enre in England, in irt76 and 
I."i7!t, Lnftiii^ fiUfd Ilie nllioR of lord kMftp«>r, 
and on '2\ Xuv. he received additional au- 
thority l^> boar cnudca. On 6 March IfiRl 
he wiut again oonKtituiod lord keeper.and on 
ll! Aug. he wa.i rrt^at^'d lord chancellor, an 
office which he held till his death ( l^. Uih.\ 
Appan-ntly ol»o about th« siimrlimr, IftTtt, 
lie obtained, ' uii a<;caiint of the uxility onj 
tenuilT of bia iwe,' thu channtiltoRihip of St. 
I*ntricii>. with t Iw ri-'ctorr of Finglt* annexed. 
Ilia iltwirc to incTF^aiw hiH ineomo did not 
utH.'ape thu nutice of his enemif^a; but before 
he bi<!«ame lord chancellor his entire income 
amounted to Utile more than 400/. a year. 
FIb had a nnnifroii!* family to provide for, 
maintained a lioFpitable i-atablif1imunt. rv- 
deemed somi' of the propertv of the cburcli 
alienated by hii* wr'.«d<^>cL'sM)r. und personally 
had ' never gaioea the value of one groat by 







ftnjItue'C-Srirr Paprrt, Irvlimd, Elis. Ixsii. 
m). Iliii in-Htiuciil of \ iscoitnC ltaltingU« 
benretbcts.i:lfBiiLslii-al comiuisAiimftA.lxxvi. 
38) was WBTinly n-Ni-nttnl ty the Irutn Haumn 
ratholioi, who nut urallv n-uardvil bJm ks tbeir 
ffMtcctcnc-mr. %TiA dunii^ ihe rL-bellion of 
Bkltin^lafi anil bis aasociiiK'n bo wns obU(^>d, 
lor Ml^rotoction, ti> Hvi* * in « kind of im- 
WMOtUHDl in hi* own bou»e' [ib. Ixxxiv. 1). 
xbe value of bin bi«bopnc li<id been ndueod 
to lois tban SOU/., uul ht* btffged WaJsinrham 
to obtain for bim' some meaa living iaEn^ 
luid'n'A. Ixxxiii. 63). 

< hi tbt- r««ll of Lord-dt'putv l.itry hnwon, 
on \i July \'^-l (lA. xciv. 17; Lasl' 
Lib. Uib. I. ii. 4, ffiTvs tbe tbite a^ 14 JuIt), 
sppninttMJ lord justice id coiijunclion with 
Sir ilftnrv Walioji; iitid tbis ultiLV, wbich tii> 
luld till JuDv lo84. Bcmiewbat ini|iruved bis 
poeition. On 12 Sept. 1-^^ be pulltionMl 
for* portion of thp attaintiyl InntH of Vi!*- 
COiUil K«ltinf(lii^ ( Stntr I'aprrt, IrrUlld, Klii. 
scv. 4fi, 47). At Burphk'VH retiuest, bow- 
ever, cbe pelilionwsB wilbdniwn.but LoJluB 
decltnE^ a nnipnaal for bia rranslation to an 
En^lifih biMiitpnc on tbe )rn:iund ttiat lie was 
too old to iuider1&k« ni^w duties {ib. xcriii. 
44). For similar reajoaa oIm bo declined 
Wunnghun's ofler of tii<> arcbhishoprif of 
Annagfa in emnmmtLttn [ib. c. '2hV. With 
tin exreptloQ of Mtinnti'r. wberf> tliu peopla 
had growo m enfiwblMl tlirousb futuine tbat 
LrfifluB gorf^-xTtsl ibe advisability of jwnlon- 
iRfT the l^rl of IlvsmoTid (I'A. xcvii. lUt. 
tbe country rvmained tolerably qiiii>t undt^r 
tbi> economical eovcmm«nt of Lof^os and 
Wallon (i/,. tkv'uI iJO. xcix. 43, civ. l(Vl>. 
SomwdUturbnncfsindf.'ed ouviim-d in I'lot^^r 
in the Buumcrof XoHS. aiid tli»lonl« iudtic(.-fi 
■were obli^fed to visit PuiuUlk for trie pur- 
pOK! nf rfBtorinf; peacv (ib. ci. 7, ciii, 37, civ. 
^). Tbfin) wan ulways, bowuwr, a daiif^r 
of forpiim invasion, and tin; examination of 
tile neoeeaity for keepinit; a Htrirt watcb over 
Ibreign euuMariiw. On ii Oct. l^iM tbu lords 
inatieaa announc*^ tb« arrival and appM.- 

, of l>ermot O'Hurler [q. v.J, Rutnau 
Otholie arcbbiaboT) of I'aitliel. Lofliis baa 
been much btamca by {-albolic; wriu-r8 fur 
bia inhumanity in torturing O'llurUy, but 
BpBn from lb>^ fact tlut (Vilurlvy had liim- 
self been an intfutajtor, it mu.Hl itnt be for- 
gotten tbal tbeurdor tiwci-vdwl diri'Otlv from 
WaUinffhatn.tbat nvil her Loftus nor Wallop 
took any pergonal rmrt m tbe inquisition. 
and tbat 1)'lfu^lt!y^ i'Xf>rution by martini 
law, tboaKh »li^iiiatii»ml bh unlawful, was 
auctioned and approved by tbe ijueen and 
privy council ( Bkaot, &tfitf Papers cuTtcem- 
mg Uu IriMk C^urtk and J^miopal Swxet- 

jiwM ; Moius, Catkolir ArrMuAojM iif Da^ 
/i» and Spiit'teffium (}Mttruwr; O'SCLLBTUIr 
IIuturuB CaiAutir-^ Jltbrmiir C\jinpendimn ; 
Uoni, AnaUeta Uttrra nom r.t mini tie r^tut 
Catbviiforum in ttiffi'nia ffevlit; Baowell, 
Irelartii untier tbf 'I'udorK i, 

On :^I JuiH} l&tM tb» sword uf state waa 
banded over to Sir Jubn PenMl. AmoDg^ 
Terroi's iujlruclioiw yDftidfrata Cunota 
Hiitenticn^'x. 5H) wa« one autborisinK bim N> 
iiiijuin! how tbv revvnuue of St. Palrick's 
Cailii-<lrnlnii(fhl bt^di veiled to tbe eatabliab- 
mont of II univemity. The Mbetne was on 
old one and tiad btwn oppwu'd by Arcbbisli(»^ 
Cum oil t Stale llapert, In.'biiid, Klii. xi. 
13). Ix)nu« adoptvd Curweu'a viewn, and 
in a l»ttur addrvs»eJ to WaUingbam and 
l)ar);hb'y (4 Oct.), while allowing (but lhi> 
pro|K)aa1 to (tstablivh a univvrfiity wua both 
goo<l and ni^c<«Mary, be argued tbat the di»* 
solution of St. I*atrick'fl would prove diiui»> 
trous not only to rvti?ion, but a]iM> to llio 
English iQtere»t in Ireland iib. cxii.4,<')). A 
fierce quarrel between Loftus and Penot 
foUowud. in the course of wbicb Loftus pro- 
ountd an order from ihi- rjtifrn cKpre^ly 
forbtddinff the diiwotutiuu; ulbLTwise ho 
thro«teiieiI to nwign his bishopric (i6. cxr. 
27; NicuLAS,J?a//on.p,357). Loftiu aaHirtod 
that Pc-rrot had no n-jil rt'ganJ for religion or 
leamiug.buE tbat all be desired was to oeneHt 
kis own friends and to irratify hia axubition by 
founding a (villefce hy the namu of ' IVrrol's 
Cnllem>' (Kttit« Pajfrn^ Ireland, Klix. cxvtii. 
m. m, cxix. 18, 3l». 44). TbrouRh nurjh^ 
ley's iiucrjiosition a temporary reconcUiatiOD 
was elfM'ted, and cu EoAter JJay ir>8(f the de- 
puty and ■rchbi«hi)prwoi!tvod the cniiim union 
together (u^.iii. 48). But tha old 'bickering' 
mwn broke out a^nin, I'errot eomplniuii^ of 
the indi}{nitiea otiereil him by tlie archbishop, 
and Loftus auerliuK tluit TtjorrotV go\*eni- 

; ment wa« ' abboired and loaibed of tbe better 
Bon* (ib. pp, lft4, L»ll, -.WO). Perrot had 

I made many enemies, and bin ra^hncta antL 
inlemperale qnecbea ia the end gave Loftus 
the adrantaoie k« dMired. In December bo 
leaml Ibut l*orrot*» Bocretary, Philip Wil- 
liams, wbo bad beendinmiaiMMl and iinpriwiKxl 
bv lum, was witling tu bear witnees a;;ainiit 
hU former mn*t«r, and Loftu* took care that 
Willinai/it ini<inuationa iibouid reach Burgb* 
ley's ear {ib. pp. L'-J^, liM-l, 34S, .Vif^, 3H3). 
In a coUectioi] of the material points o^nst 
IVrror, drawn up by Uurghley and b^inj<- 

I (late 15 Nov. 1C9I, Loftus'a name appear* 
aliJD); witb thopo of Tbom&M Jom-^, bisriup of 
Meatb, and Philip WilluLuis, as giving Bvi- 
denro for ' evil words agBinst tbe queeo for 
writing to bim to forbear his proceedinga 

, about St. Patricks * {ib. iv. 43i>). Penot 

hiiUMlf ascribed hu mi«ronuniM to LoOiu'a 
malice (lUwi.isws, Lifr of l*emt, t>. 3101. 
Thourh L/il'luit bud opiiowd K'rnjt'a 
«M.<hemi>,lte stronglyapuroveilof the nelsblifib- 
mtut of ft iinivi^n^iir in Publiik, and U was 
Urgt^lv by lii!^ iiiatnimpniiiliiy Tlint tlip cnr- 
ponilionof niitliii witt* iiidiimd tu make a, 
jffBiit of th«> priory uf All lUillows 'and th« 
park* tbvrooi,' which wns the first praotical 
«t''p Ml tilt' fouiidatmn of Trinity (^illi-ps 
<<tIL»L-RI, i^L vf Anrirnt Urtvni'- of I}u/>Un, 

ii.240). Tliort- appoara to h<i no Lop^'oxlant 
of Lonus'fi Hpewili Ic tlie cnqwmtion siig- 

S eating lh« gnuil, but the gi«t of it in givdi 
y Wure (Annalt t^ Inland, a. u. 1690). A 
a«(-oud ipeticb of hi«, tbaakiog' the queen for 
vieldingto tht- pravcrof thf corporatinu, lian 
Oi-rn printi^J by lieame (IVef. in (^^MI)BX, 
Annah, p. Ivii. and tjso in STVnns, IIi*i. if 
the I'm'v. of DubUn, \yi>- p. 360). Wh^tn I 
th« proposal wan iiaiirtionuti by the quit-'n, 
j.of^ii:4 fiiibsrrilti-d lOOf. tn llitt founrUtion. 
By tlir charter of tlie foumUlioii he was ap- 
pfiinled the tirat pri>V0Ar. He held thisoffice 
for little taorc thaa h yt-ur, bul it wiut bi^ whu 
gfivt^ tlie foundation itB uccWiiuticiLl toau. 
'Th>- pUce.'hf i-aid on surrendwrJiig the office 
ou 7 Jutit^ l'>94 to Wwller TVavftm, a roii- 
formistiBltbuitgli of strong jxiriliLn btiis,'n!- 
Auiraaapersanofan i?x«T]iplttn' TOnformity to | 
tae doctriue and disciplint' of this church aa 
rlinv are eslabUsUed bylaw, . . . Bothnapiw* 
AmfBchismatica ar<-> (tho" in difierent aogTL'M 
of enmity) i.'qiially our impWahle i^nemiaB* 
{Lan^oicne MS-'i. K4(f, ff. 2i)->-7 ; compare 
KlLl^x, Efxlcti(i»ticai Jlu'toiy uf Iri-lnnd; 
Tkwick, Earl)! Uhturii of Trinity Otllrtfr, 
JhtiiUii : SirHtis, Hliftmy of ihi^ f/niivmty 
•f DuJilin ; Hehos, C-urttltiiivind ilhtoiy 
vf (he U"i'f'.iity if DtMin). 

Karly in K"!!*!! noma wfriona nlln^ittiuua of 
tnidt'iiiiiliiL't ill till- clidtii'i'lliirihip wtTe pre- 
ftirrod agaiiiiit liim by Uobi-rt Lt^g'ee, d<?pHty 
rt'membrane^'r iu the uxcbwiuer, JA'pe>'w«.-f 
jilVrwardft disirisHml from uih oHir« by Filz- 
w'illiain, but tie found an ally in Bamaby 
Iticke, and aUr>, it van auipcci^d, in Lord 
IliicUburnt. Un '2 An^. ISO'i Lnftiis tid- 
<ln-Rat><l II U'ltsr Ut tbc privy couhpIL noliiung 
I^KK^'^ chai^vd, and prayinu that they might 
Im tiiorotitrhly inveftiiTfttfd. But his own 
on»*ver,d*'!ivi'pL'doii 17 Hnjii., ojijit-urft to have 
hivn n'giird<-d lU bnliNfnrturyt lur un HI Nov. 
L" wrote to Uurghk'y thaiikinu Uim for tho 
withdrawal of the nccunntion. r.atoron there 
won*w>in(' riimoiir« that coraniiHHi oners were 
tn bn iipi)L)intL>d, bul iiuthiiif{ t^eeuist to hare 
twn done in llie matter, muLih to l^ftus's 
aiinoyftn*.'**, who coinplaint'd that thoir'not 
boing M'urohvd into hnx eivon boldneaa to 
every dieoontenti'K] and niaucious detractor to 

revenge tbemivlvt-j br aucb monstrous and 
fnUe iicciiRntioti^ agminM him' (Oti. Statt 
I'fiperg, Ireland, Eliz. iv. 308, 350, 3ft4, 581- 

«y7, V. 2ra). 

Som«tim«,appai«Dt)r!n 1589 or 1S90(A. 
iv. mO), l^iniu purctiaaed the e«tat« of 
Kuthfurnhaui Jti ruunCy Dublin from Barry, 
viACOunl IJuttevaiil (I».Vltox, Ilut.of jMtA- 
iin, p. 7-W), where he en:Kt«d a stately caatl«. 
On 1 Mfircb l.'!+l hr- was appoinrti^l, along 
with Sir Uub<;rL Oarditier and Sir Anthony 
St. lyeger, to t rf at wi t b t h*- Earl of Trrone and 
Thfir negatJation* {Cal. Ntate Pajfrf, Ire- 
land, Khz. V, 221-t() were in a measure 
BucceSisful. and Tyrone promiAed to ke«p the 
peace until hid grievancM were impartially 
coiutidered. In NnrembfT 1696/ though the 
time uf thu year be un^euiwnable for my 
old and sickly l>ody to undertake any long 
innrney,' he accompanied the deputy. Sir 
William Kii!ii«ell, iiilo Connanght for the 
]mr|»Oftu of allaying disorders there (ib. pp. 
430. 437J. On the death of Lord Biirgh in 
1397, ht' and Sir Robert Ciardinor were on 
15 Nov. appointed lord* JHsliceit for civil af- 
faire till ttiu arrival of V.iw\. in April loM 
r»'lii>ve<l him from a charce which had proved 
parliciilarly imeroits owina; to the rebelliaa 
of the Earl of Tyrrine anil tho gi-neral col* 
\tk\m: of tile goveriituent after tho overthrow 
of Uogenall al the battle of the Vellow Ford. 
But on ER.iex'(t liimiy departunt IvofVui; wm8, 
on i!fi Sept. 1MI9, «woni in with Sir George 
Carey, and cuutinued in. ufEce until the ar- 
rival of Lord-doputy Mountioy on 24 Feb. 
1600. On lb"' arcfssion n( James he wm» on 
2ft Man'h lOOy ciAnliniUNl in hi« offict* of 
lord chiincullur 'prj tiidLdilatu tnduatriuivaa 
conscimtin atcjuc drtctrinn.' It ia improbably 
eaid { FlTZMMiiS, Jajitifteritiun of the .^toMe, 
p. fltX)) that toward-t (be end of hia lif« ho 
; manifi^jted a disposition to Itomao catholi- 
, ci«n, and that, ho was upbraided for his 
apoHtaayby Sir (Jtjr>rK4' Caivy, Ho di<^ at 
hitt palaci! of St. ij)-pulehreV, Dublin, on 
I April 1605, boing aevtnty-two Tears of age, 
and WHA Ijuried in th» choir uf St. Patriclt's 
Cathedral. The spur and ball, together with 
, the boar's bead — the Loflus creet — which 
were Ining f^om the wall over tho vault, 
have within tbi.- laKi two yefiT« or *c beea 
remuved, and I ben* in nothing now to marit 
the place of his burial. 

I^ftun miirri(>d Jane, eldest dftnght«r of 
Adtun Tiirdon of Lnriran Kare, co. Lnulh. 
She died iti JiiJr IWn^ nnd waa buried in St. 
Patricvka. Hy Wr he had twenty children, 
vi«. : Sir Dudley, who married .\nne Bage- 
nollfdikuyhtcrof SjrNiehnlft* (not, oa accord- 
ing to the poeragBP, Sir Heuxy ) Bagenall; Sir 






Edwsn), vbo murinl AniK>. dauffbtpr and 
roheire*** of .Sir HHiirv I)uk>- of t'aAtle-Jonlan, 
Kind's Couiitv,iuid died witLoiit iuu^ at the 
aiega of KiiiBalc, 10 3la^ 1<(0I ; Adam, & 
oaptain of bone, unmarncd, kille^l in tbe 
SO Slar 15^; HirThomiu of Killvnii, who 
marnv^ Elkn, daiifrht«T of Hobt^-n Hnrtpoln 
of Shrulo in l^ijMin'a Coimty (widow of 
Francis ro«>bv of Sirndballv in tin* f»mt> 
county^.diud 1 Dec. 1(^35, and was buried in 
St. Patrick'*; Henry, a twin witli Thotiiaa, 
irbo died yonng; Isabella, first wife of WiU 
liam Uaber, tna ami beir of John I'aber of 
Ilablin, tldenuan ; Ann«>, who married firft, 
Sir Heniy Cotlev of Uaatlc Uarbury, <y>, Kil- 
dan^ aecotulljr, Aeof{[e Blount, ueq., of Kid- 
doraliutur iti Woreeatershire, and tbirdlyi ' 
Edward. fint lord lllavnor; Juie.who mar- I 
lied finl. Sir Francis IVrfit'Ioy of A»kt«tnn, ' 
CO. Lim>Tick, and sfcundly, llenrv Bvrkulev, 
CMi.; MarlUa, firot wife of Sir lliomaa Coi- 
eloiiuh of Tint'^'m Abbry, ro. Wexford, buried 
ID JSt. Tatriok'a on 19 Jlarch HWO; Uorothy, 
witf of i?ir Jobn Moorw of t'nijjban, Kinjp» 
County; Alice, wife of Sir Uenry AVarreo 
nf WaiTvn-'lown, King's County, buried in 
St. PmriL-k's. IG Nov. IfflW; Miirf.mrf^t, wife 
of Sir liiKirgfl CoUey of Eileudt'iry, Kin^V 
Counts ; abw eight other children who died 
in infanoy (Louok, Prrrn^f, ed. Archdull ; 
ct. also t-iti. StaU Papem, In-land, Eli«. iii. 

:»-•.■_•. iv. JW4-«). 

Tbeiv are »venU portraits of Ix»ftu9 in 
MiBience. Two of ibcHj af- in Trinity Col- 
\egi^, l>ublin — tbt>oue iu th<-' jirorost'aliouBe, 
thi.- oihi^r, formerly in (he paweuion of the 
Mmnjui* of Ely, but lately pt»^*ented to the 
collrice by Lord Iveagb, in iW fi'llowa'fvim- 
mon nMim. Both purtrails an- In p.Yr4.d!i-nC 
prf7>«rvfti ion. Tbfre ut another i»ortrait iu 
thi' Palact.Aruiagh. The Itev. W. IJeynell, 
of Henrietta Strc»"t, Dublin, hat> an onpraving 
of a nieturv taken whirn hu was miu;L older, 
but the nrtint'fl namt^ does not api^ear. The 
writ .?r of a iio(^ in ' NoteH and (JneriMi,' -tth 
•er, xi- IS, Henry L, Tottenham, esq., of 
Dufriwey, p<»»»4MH*d a beautiful minialuni, 
asid to tiaye been taken frjiu life, ' repn!«#nt- 
ioff him as anuve, thoughtful, noble-lookinff 
roATi, nearly uld. with email moUAtacbe ana 
N full wbilu board.' 

Lof\uji waa a man of singular ability, 
uodoiibted piety, and an eloquent pr«arher. 
The clwrge of atariee bmuKnt agajniil him 
by KtrinKloi) in lux ' I*<ffi ot UMl>er,' and by 
yX'uv, appMTS to mt on very slight founda- 

( Itidgf'a t'eera^. ed. AtvbdAll, vol. Tli. : MoDck 
Vjunn'i Sr. Pdtrick'H ; Shirlry'«OricinalLetlera 
in tUustratiuti of ibe Uiitory of tb« Charcb in 

Ir«l8nd ; Morrin's Cat of Pal«iit RhIIh ; BiadyV 
Irish RefortRAtion ; Cotton's Fasti Koclos. Ilib. ; 
Siat« Pnpi^n. Ir«bu>d, in tb« Rolls Officii ; 
Bnulr'a folate Papcraronci-niinff the IriflhClii]Rb;.J 
Hamiltoa'a Oal. 8t«(« Pai>ersniI«ttDgtoIrrlaad;| 
Brewtrs Ckl. of Canw MdS. ; Notes and Quarif 
4ihser. xi. 16: Mant's BUt. of the Cbnrch 
Irvland; Cmipera AtbenB Cfuitabr. ; Stuart^ 
Uistoriral Uemoin of the City of Aminph ; 
O'lrlanninn'a Livn of iba Lord Cbancallon of 
Ireland; Krck't> Kefiertt^rj of Inrolments on 
teat lloll*. Jatnm I ; RlriQ|;tou's L)f« of Us»ber£ 
D'AltoneUenioinorthe AtehtniJiogisoif Dublin; 
infornMitloii kindly famiidicd by the R«t. W. 
Reynetl.] B. D. 

lX)FrtIS. ADAM, fim Vncomrr Im 

UP Kli (15tif<?-l()-i;i). lonl chancellor of It 
land, bvm about loOH, was the tK<ound eon i 
Kobtrt. and the n«pho w of A rehhi«linp Adi 
IjofVuB [q. v.] HiBjjrandfBther waj K<h 
Loflus of .^wim«iact, pariiih of Coverham, 
Vorktfliire. In or about 159:! the cliancullor- 
archbisbop, who knew bow to look after his 
own family, b^-sUiwed upon his nephew a 
prebend of St . I'airick'R, Dublin, wit hunt cure. 
The young man was then in holy (uerlia|»s 
only de^acon'a) orders, and had been for three 
or four year* a master of arts, nrobably of 
C'ambridffe (/wA Ca/rntiar, 17 Sept. LMW). 
Two vears later he held the arcbdeacoury of 
Gleniialough. and on 17 Sept. 1.597 ho wu 
made jiiAge of the Irish marabnl eourt. Th» 
patent calla him barhelnr of eivil law, and 
notes his good knowledge tbi^rem {Li/i. Mu- 
ntrum, pt. ii. p. 100 1. During the Eliza- 
bethan wars martial law was commonly exer- 
cl«ed, and the objert of Ixtfttis's appmnlment 
was to secure that il« decrees abould be * or- 
derly nod judiciously esamined and deter- 
mined.' He was the only holder of this office, 
which bi-camealmniit iiside-ssinllienexl reign. 
Loftus afterwiirds complained (but itsill-paid 
duties had obliged him to abandon ahirraiive 
nnu'ticeintbeeccleeiasticatcourtji. OnrtNov. 
lo'J^S he was made a mn-'ter in c!i»nceni-,HnJ 
a year Inter be obtained an interest in lands 
leiiAisl by bin imcle with the consent of llio 
chapters of St. Patrirk's and Chri*Tebnrch 
' (M0R8l.v,ii..502,f>»:t). [ul(t04tbearchbi>«liop 
I officially described hia nephew, a profe.4M)r of 
rivil law and bi* own ricar- general, as ait'b- 
deaoon of Glendntoufrh. and n>i k^-pinir a 
suflicient minister to do Ibe parochial dutv. 
The arch deacon was MOD afteni-ardf k nig ht ed. 
I^ier, I<aiid pnite«l<-d strongly against this 
arran^'ement. but Lc^us kept I i lendaloiigh 
till his deuth. tn 1307 hv seems to bnve 
^ne to England; on "21 March Archbishop 
Jon«>«, wboAo rimncellor be then wa?, rccom* 
mended liiin KtrauRly to Lord Snli»)biiry. 
Three months later lie obtained a life utnuity 

of 310/. KarW in I60K ijoHut rrna « mem- 
litT of tlitt Irish iiriry council. I le wn-mit to 
have worI(i-tl well with I»ril>^('putY ('lii<:h#*- 
tor, who |jrai9cc! hi* coiuluct ia iho inaribnl 
■court. In lillO he had n bitter disputawith 
Lord Ttiuui'iiit), wliich Suliitburv i)t>ci<Ied 
Afrninftt Itim. In. 1(>I 1 hu bt'Obnie constabk' 

in May \(tiH F«l)rluiil wtts ufdervd tn ni 
state him fully, luiil to trval bitn with the 
regpect duf lo'himjwlf and to htn oiKci'. In 
1629 the king ^imnted LofVtis the uiiuAuat 
favDiir nf H KV'iiPral lirenik' tn ri^it Kn^lnnd 
wbt^n be |tlimmHJ, Icuvipg thtt gniat mmI io 

vin- ^ 

•orMiLrybomutrh.ljiiueirs County, which wan ' of whom hiitcoiiiiin.Sir Adun Loftunof Rath- 
alfBady k virtnni .^inpfrtire. j>iiblin,wafloiii>i^loBKi!t,]).4iiS>. 

I^fimwiuirvmmi?d,i»l'JiVfwilhSirFrAncifl ; I'alklaiiil led Inihuiil in Au^ru;'^ ltJ:r.l, ind 
Uuftbn, iw mtMiiJwT for tbo Kiiif^'i County in | tlifchnno'llor b*c»ro* lord jiisfiof ftlntie with 
Ihei jmrliiitni'iil nf Ifilit, inon? iiiip«ronlIy by : Sir Kichnnl Boyle, afterwards Knri of Cork. 

the act of tlie ttbt>ritV than by l]i« chni;;^ of 
the freelinldi-rn, iiekI lit* wim om* of the i»ro- 
t«!)tanr nmjority who mud* Sir John Dnvies 
«pvokvr. In ilie followinfr year he had n 
gTAnt nf forfeitfld lundii in Wpxfnrd. In the 
summer of IGIH hofuu went to EnfrUnd, 
carrying with him a pnnim(vndfttory lerter 
from Lord-di'puty Si. John and hii council, 
and in the followinp rear h'* was msdii one 
■of the commiAaioneni of the court of wanU. 
Ap^hhi«hop .lonM difld nn 10 April IBIii, 
nnd on th<> ^.'{rtl Loftiiit was appiimted lord 
chancellor in his ateud. 

In 1*W2 Lnftiis took an ant iv« pnrt in forcin;; 
William N«*wmari. nftvrwanU hiit chaplain, 
upon Triiiiiy CoUt^ m ft fallow (El-BIXQ- 
TflV. Li/r o/ tTwli^r,^. ISO; SrL'iil»,p.fU). 

Wentworth did not rpar.h Ireland till the 
summer of lti:W, but Loftiw wrot« him n 
conp-aruktory Icttpr its soon «» hi* appoint- 
ment wiM known. Hi> ihnnhed him lor some 
former servieca, d'-plnred his own iliH'Ftrencefl 
with the Iftle d<-p«ry, «nd pr^aiiswl to Jr- 
smrre the fax'ourof on*)' who«« fAmi:> had out- 
run hi« pre*'nce' {Stmfi'nni Lfftem, i. 64V 
Whwn Wentworth arrived he liad to deal 

On tbe recall of St. John in Mny \<S'22, I with & chancellor who bad Xift-w m-linfi vins- 
lioftuB wmi one of the lords juHticea, and he I toy for four yfars. I'ntil Hfici th<* (women 
wa« at tlio same lime crt-ntiHrl \'i*f.iiuri1. «w-m lolmvekrol on prcttv widl t'^-lher, bnt 
LoftH« of Ely. In the privy aetil diroctiu^r oi^ --' April in thai roar Wentworth wrote 
thia erwition Jamfit I naul he bad bestowed > to Hrnmhall of \Aiittx» and of ' that furv 

thia Iwreditnry honour on liim 'that hia 
virtuea may he rt-unnied to futiin* a^w, su 
long ■« tliRnt flUall remain an heir m&lo to 
hia hoUAe.' A* chancellor I/oftuH wa« in- 
eluded in the conimisflton« which iiiquireil 
into ihn atnlv of llii^ I'bitn^b and coiuiiIvU-d 
tlw lUnIer seltlemenr. With St. Jolui he 
hud always Bjrrwd w^ll, and hp wns at first 
on (food trrma with Om new lonl dflputy, 
Henry ^ary, tirat viscount Fnlkbiud [>)' v.] 
J(«t in 102i they wen* at open war. The 
■chnncellor refused to atHx the (frenc w&\ to 
4S<nain lici-nitea for Tannini; and dinliUiriK, 
but offer^-Ht to submit tlieir loicality to the 
•decision of the judae*. Falkland, a* the 
kind's n'preM>ntnliv(^, clnimed |irneticnlly lo 
nnirriih) nil lej^al srmples. The dispute 

his lady ' ( ftniriinn I'ajtfj-n) in diitpKra^in^ 

In 1621 thn cimncellor'a eldest mn, Str 
Uoltert, married Eleiinor, dauphter of Sir 
Kninris Knnhe, ■whose iiistcnt. Mary and Anno 
respectively, mnrried SirCbarlw Crnitu and 
Sir lieor^ Wentworth, the Innl deputv^ 
brother. Riiwhe died in 1)J^, le»vin(r nU 
thren daujrhters poIiein>s»»e«. Sir lUdicrt 
IjofiuR nnd liii' wifu livod in the L>hniict'1lor'a 
hon«e, ftnd mainlv at hi* exneuHe, nnlil the 
beifinning' of Ki.'^r, when trip lady's hnlf- 
hralbcr, Sir John (ttR'on), pi'titiotii<>I the 
kinp, a» her next friend, for sjHHiilic per- 
formance* of her fnrheT^in-lAw'* alle|ivd pro- 
tnlie an to a fKt«t-niiplial settlement. The 
t'ouHidcration set np was that she liad 
luted hmR, Ixiftin* complniniiiK hitterlvthnl ' hroueht with her a portion of 1,7^0/. As 



liiti thirty y««ra' service wiw dexpi^'cf, thai 
Ilia dues weri.^ nut paid, and that he had but 
:UK1/, a year to support thif diffnity of hi« 

ihe chaneellnr nonld ocsrcply be jiidire tn 
her own pnse, the matter was referred la tbe 
lonl d^'piity and council, who decidi^.upon 

(treat place. TheftecompUinM appeared well ' 'hi* evidence of a single witness, who terti- 

fournVd, and luilf tlui tine* of nnd for rhun- 
cery writK wtire tfrantcd to him in I02o. 
The nrcesnion of Charles I made uo ditVerence 
in the relations l>etwi'en Falkland and liix 
chancellor, nnd in .May \Q'2T the hitter wnx 
summont^ to Kn|ilanil, the grtttii »tiU bein>r 
planid iu corami<«ion. AR«r a Ion|r in<|uiry 
i'httrle" I •l^'clared Ijoflus cjuite innocent of 
«U char>gea made agmiiul btni aa & judge, and 

fied to words spoken nearly twenty years 
bi'fore, that Loftns uiukI sitttle upon Sir 
Itrihert. Ijoftoft and tlw childrou by Kl en nor 
UushehinhouM^al Mflnftl«rer^■^^^n,co.KildB^e, 
funii-ihed, nnd 1,200^. n year in land. The 
promise, if promise lher>> was, had im-en purely 
verbal, and it wan mM pretended thai there 
wai anvthing lo hind lie rhaneidlor in Uw. 
Ua deolarud that all tua land was not worth 










moT^ tlun 800/. • Ti^nr, «ut of whicili h» hail 
octllodn jointure of about SOO/. b y>.-»r on liU 
daiighter-tn-Uw; and be d^lined alti^rether 
to oa*L bis »eooml md, Edward, -o-lio ulti- 
ni*t«<lT faircM<l4.-d to th* pp«mi;i>. C^iti? wt>r« 
^vKDHminst LofYti^fWhon^fuwd til purthvm 
and apTmiled to the kin*;. His property w» 
«e4u«*T«red, aoil be ww imprt^oDed in the 
CiiatU- fnto Febru«r7 Ift37 until Mar 10.10, 
kBdnf^vrwitnUtn hi«uwnhnuHMintilAii^u»t, 
th» iiTeat sea] being lranflf«nvd tn c-iaimis- 
nioneiY. He accused the lord d»!piitr of 
purtialtty at ihr trial, but api>ln|;iit<il and 
^viLbiln-w I ht.- chjirjfus as bcinjr iini*uptiort>-d 
by evidt-nce and as not projwr to Ix' lightly 
made aipainM a viceroy [Strajforri I^tl^r*. ii. 
^WO). Kr^n tbia wa* not iinou^h fi^r W'piiI- 
n'orlh, and tfau chancellor liad tt> loake hi* 
■wht>li' KUte ov»?r to truaiees aa awruritT 
before Ua wa« allowed to go to Englnnd tu 
iirodecatt> bift apiwal. W^ntworth'a frifndst 
VV'andtT^fonl un't Mninwariiig. wvrt- two of 
tboM tnuK><«. lu Novftn^tM* 16.^ iho chan- 
cellor '« appral ivAfl ht-ard before the king in 
<?oiiiuul and diiiniiaaed. The grtnt »4>al was in 
Dacmnber It^IU eireo to Sir Uirhnrd Itolton 
(]■). T.] Young Lody Lnftiu had di>.'d iti the 
prerioiiB sumnu^r, ' one of ihf noblpst ptTwrns,' 
Weotworth wrote, 'I ever bad tbe happintvs 
tobeaoqiiamtedwitb. . . . With b«r are (n^n^ 
tht pnrttMi part of my Bfleclion*i to the 
«oantry. and all that in left of them shall 
be tiiaukfiilly and reli^ioitslj paid to her 
^xrelk'nt utemorr and lasting goodne^ ' (ib. 


When the Long parltatnent met lyiftus 
anp^ed tn it. and on -t Miiy Itfl2 the 
IiouM- of Lonlw qaii»h»I all ttie ileciMOn* 
asaiiut bitn. Tbo quoiitir>D was again nii»(Hl 
■fl^rthi< RcstarBtir)n, during the vit^eruTalty 
of Arthur Canel, earl of KsAex, whnoe report 
to tbtf liing gire* the best gvner&I account of 
the wbolc aRair (/fiVf. MSS. Omun. Rch 
iivp. pt. ii. p. 322). Tbe result was that the 
IIouAc of T»nlfl in Knglaiid, after several 
days' h<>nnng, reveriied the decree made in 
Ili.*J7, tbii* finally end 6ol«>mnly dwUrinp 
tlist Cbarleit I, BlrsHord, and tlirir rB^>ec- 
ltv« counrilii had been wmiiK tbi-oiighnut. 
Ilin arbitrary trentment of Ixfrtii? formM 
part of the flight h article r>f Slratford'n im- 
pcMcbmvnl. Kleanur Loftus ht.Tself was 
blnfford'a friend, the sister of his brother's 
wife, but there ie no evidence that cbe wa-i 
hi* in tut ?*■'*&, and liii^ worda qtinit^l above dn 
not Bupport thfi acciimtion, which t^vnis to 
real upon iiome amhiguou* exprt^ssions in 
Clarendon's *HijtofT.' fhi thp other hand, if 
mav ^f^ thought ausiMcioiiH that Hir liobcrl 
I.<ohui> rrfu^ed tojoio inbiBwifL-'esuttagainet 
bis father. 

Aft4»r his full li>nftu» lived at or hmt 

hi* stnall pmjwTTy nl Cov<>rhnni in Yorkshire. 
Ilia son 1-^wanl, bv bifl marriage with Bdias 
Lyndler, iteems to have b>wn llutn inpoat w 
sinnofJIiddh-hamCantlf. Yorkshire. In 1641 
(he ex-<.>baiia?]lor was one of M:v(.Tal Irish 
lords and gfrnleinen living in England who 
petitioned p«r1iaQi»-Rt agalnft dift»euitnntorft 
of false news from IrvUnd. The outbh-ak of 
the Iriidi rvlwllioti r^ndi-ntl his Irish e«rat«s 
worthless. He died at the bnginnitig of ltil3| 
and wa» Imried in C'lVerham Church. 

I.ofVM» marriiMl Sarah Bathow, widow of 
HiL-liBrd ILen-dilb, bishtip uf Letghlin, by 
\th<<m hv had four eons and two dan^tera. 
Hrtb^rt died before hia father, wbo waa »uo- 
rti'di'd in the peerage by his Mcood ttm, 
Kdwani. Tliv younger daugfat«r, Alios, 
marri«d Charles Moorfr. afterwaida Eul of 
Proeheda. In June 1^39 th« wu teen oa 
her Imcea before the king at Htrwirk, ' very 
ea>m««tlr roliciting fur Iht father's coming 
over ' ( Stmffortt Lfttvrt, ii. 3<>4}. Ou tho 
extinclii^n at the male line, Monasten'van 
rHVK«i>d thmiti^h her children to the Mnon; 
taiiiily. Lord Drt^heJu poaaceaoa a portrait 
of tb« chancel lor, and many int(u«sl-ing papers 
cooaected with him. 

[Liber ^nnemio Publicorom Ilibemije; Cal. 
of Villi State pAiN>n. Rlis. 16:48-92. nr.d .lamtw 1 : 
Mr.rriu*)i i\\, i.f pHlenI nolli-, Clinrl« 1 ; Straf- 
fordV I^LtvrK nii^ I>npatehf«; Ilousa of Loida 
M.S.S. in 4th an4 ;ith Reports of the HiK. MSS. 
Coinnii>vioTi, and DrcKhada HISS, in Bth Kt-p. ; 
StmfTord'it Trial in Kushwarih and Hn writ's State 
I'jials : OaDlintr's Hint, of Kn^Land. oltnp. xc. ; 
Tmill's Str.»flitrd : Burke's Dormant tuid KxltneC 
Po«nig«; Berwick** Itiiwdon PitpiT*^ I»d<;i.''s 
Peanige (ArehdalU. vol. lii.; Cultuu's I'lmli Eivl, 
Tlib, Trtl. ii,; .*?tuhb*'» Hirt. of TniT, of I>al>1in; 
Wbi t Uilcr's H Jphruotnlshi re ; .\T t hi] !'» DoiruueDta 
nUling to Uiilillrhani Church iCamd. 8oe.)1 

B. B-k 

LOFTUS. nUDi.KY (IOI9-It».'i), jurist 
and orientalist, was third son of Sir .-\dam 
Ixiftnoof Itathfamijam Castle, Iluhlin, Tloe- 
Ir^fturiT of iTvIiiiid in \XM\, by hiit wife 
Jane, djttif.'htrri>f Walt«r Vaugbanof Gnldeo 
firove. King's County. lii* grandfather, 
Sir Dudley I^ftu^, was eldest son of .\dam 
I^ftin 'fl. v.] ibft archliiAhop. Hudlrv be- 
came a fulluw-commoni-r uf Trinilv ('oili?gO| 
Dublin, in 1(135, and gradnatwf B.A. on 
10 Jan. Iflflr-fl. The predilection wLidi 
he evinowl for the «udy of languagiM, espe- 
ciAlly Lhosti of t)m Faf^t, induced hi« fallHsr, 
on Archbishop Vssher'a advice, to send biu 
to Oxford, and hf was incorporatwl It.A. 
there on !) Nor. Hl-'H), and in ihoHamodo- 
gree at Cambridge- in KVtU. He joined Cni- 
vereity College, Oxford, and proceeded M.A. 

SOOct. 1510. Oiitfa«CDnuiu>nc«meiit of tbe 
(lUturbancei in Irekad in ]<U1, LofliiH n- 
tuniml t(i Uuliliti ttnd passed nnme timn willi 
the gsrrtMm in cLki^i- of Ills fulli'T'^ caxlle 
at RalliTonihau. lie iMt io the Irish Uon»« 
of Commons na member for NaaA from lti42 
to lOtW, lini»T the psemJonyni of ' Philo 
BhtuiQicuif,' ami ut the imtanc« of Sir Wit- 
liam Parsons, lord justice of Ireland, IiOftm 
TTOte a tTvatise to d^^prvatti! the admiflsioR 
of nii'ftsuri'sof compromiw! between Die Kii(f- 
liali puvurumuDl niid tht- Irish tlicu iu nnns. 
In ItU" Loftus was stnt to London by ihu 
Mitr()UL4 of Orraonde, viceroy of Ireland, to 
Hubiiiit to the rommilteest D'-rhy ll<iiiNe the 
conditions uf the eiureuder o{ Duhliu to th« 
commUHioncrs of tbt- parliament. 

I'mltTthepiirliiimentariiiii role in Ireland, 
LofMi* ht'Id Ihi- nlKci* of dcimtv-jiul})^' ad- 
Fonate, withia thu proviuci- of Lt-itislM, from 
24 June lO-II, Ho van comniis«ionpr of r»- 
TWluoand jiidgo iif adminUty from IHfJ4, and 
also tilli'd u luiralivr jior^t in l\w explifcjiier. 
Cmniwtttl ill 1055 appoiotod Lafiiia a. mailer 
in chancery in Iretftiicl.and hi' wascontinupd 
by HcnTTi" unnnwell in that olHce. After ibt? 
l^lorutioii Kifftiis wu^ rfam>oint«d maater 
in chanct^ry iu In-^uud, tiiid ho also held the 
officer of jndp: of thi- imToipitivo court uud 
vicar-pfneral. He waa elected in Hi.'iU M.l'. 
for both CO, Kildare and en, Wicklgw, for 
Ilannow in 19(31, and for Fetbard, co. "Wex- 
ford, in 1602, LoftuK died in June IfiOfi in 
hi« 8<:'veiif3'-Aistli yi'iir, and was interred in 
8t,rBlTii;k'!« CuUn.-<lrid,D«b]i]i. He i5».tMled 
to have bevn rt'tt-d for levity, Improvidence, , 
and indiBcnMiiiti. i 

Irfiftns infirried Franciis, dnJiphtPT nf l*a- 
Irick Nunn-le, and by hi.T, who died iH Jmio , 
1601, had two son* and fiv>? dmiflirfr*. All 
difrd youoij or unionrrjid l'xclj)! u duii^bler 
Li'tilia, whfjrte huwhiiiid wafi named lilnden, 

Liiftuft wnH nil arcompHsbed orientalint. 
At the request t^t S^cdden and Uswlier lie i*iip- 
plied the Ethiooic vereioiiof the NewTt-nta- i 
mvnt in Walton s Polviflut Bibk with a Latin 
vvrKton (lfio7]i, ami Walton bore testimony ' 
to Loftu**» oriental schnlarpbip, 

A I^tin ciktidogue of a colieetion of 1^8 
mann.Tri|ita bcloi](ringta Loft us wa* urintrd 
at IjOiidoTi in IfiO". They iticUidi'd writ- ' 
logs in Arnbif, Armenian, Fiii;li.'>h, Frencli, , 
ilobreu'. Irirsh, Italian, IVrriiuii, Hiisstuii, I 
Syriar, and WeUh. Someof tbese are extant 
intlie British Museum, the IWlleinn, Trinity 
Collo^e, and Mamb'H l.ibmrii.^, Dublin, but 
Be\'(<ral luanuscripl voliiMU'i' of Ixiftua were 
de«trnT«daawastepapcTbyaa ignorant rela^ 

L/^ftiis piiblinlied: 1. ' LoKira Arraeniaca 
in Latinaui tradui:la/ Dublin, ICoT, liiuio. 

3. ' IntTodiictio in totam ArUtotelis Hiilo- 
eophiatn.* Dublin, 10-57, ISmo. 3. * Lilxir 
Psalmnruia I>ai'idiiicx Anneiiiaco idiomale 
in Laliuum traductuE,' Dublin, KWI, VJrao. 

4. ' I^ttera Elsortatoria dt mettciv o|iera 
a fan? sincera I'enitenxa,* &c., 16fi7, 4to; a 
rindiimtion of Lady F. M. L. Plunkct. Eng- 
Itsh version, Ijondon, l(Wr,4to, h. ' Itoductio 
Litium ad Arbitrinm IVtni Viii dv I'rtodtis- 
tinatLi et Uf-pmbatiii,' Dublin, HJ70, ilo. 
fi. ' Sevt'ral t_Ilijmicr« of Dionvsiu;!! Synu't 
Couuucnt on St. John the ETangeliflt,' I >i)blin, 
167l*. 4to, 7. ' Rtposjtion of Dionvptus Sttus 
on St. Mark,* Dublin, IH7B, 4to. 'h. * Pnixi* 
Cullua Diviiii,' Dublin, llIEt8,4lu; containino' 
aevaral ancient liturgies. 9. 'A 1.'l)<aranii 
Learned Explicati«-in of the Ilietory of our 
Itlpjund Sariniir,' Dublin, lUDo, 4to; a tran^ 
lation from Dionysiiia SvruH. Other trannlii- 
lions are altributed to lum by Watt (SHil. 
Brit.), and ha publiahed aeveral occaaional 

[Wood's Allien* OaonioiisM. cd. Btus, iv. 42S ; 
IxkIco'o Peeraso of Iraland, 178B, ed. Arehibd), 
vii. aeo-l ; Ware's Writ«n of Irvlaad. 1746; 
HownrdV Excbcoucr, 1776; Hiat, of Dublin, 
1N.^D,- Giltiart'ii IliM. of Iriih Conf«d#iratioo, 
1S91 i Jgurual of AnLiqoaries, Ireland, 18SI.1 

-T. T. g; 


(182i:-'-I8.'>8). archieHjlogist and traveller, 
born at llye, Siwaex, about 1821, was irraiid- 
Hon of u Well-known coach propritrtor of th» 
same name in ^l'ewRastIp-on-Tynf'. H« wa» 
educated succ4>Mivu]y al Newra^tle grammar 
school, at a ficbool at Twickenham, and at 
Cambridge, where, however, he took Bfr 
degree. Hencte^lfor «nniR t inn* as secretary 
to the Xewca*-tlu N'atural Ilislorj* Stjciety, 
and hi* interest in gt-otogy attracted tlte 
uitentinn of Professor Sedgwiek and after- 
wards of tiir Henry I>n la iVenhe. Sedgwick 
pr*)po«*td him as a fellow of the <it«Iogicsl 
Soe-u-iy, nnd Dv la Boche recotnmended him 
to Lunl Pttitnt'rston forlhe post of geoIngi«t 
onthestafTof Sir William Fenwiek Williams 
on ihe Tiirco-Perifiau Frontier C'ommtasion. 
On this work Loftus wn* eTigegcd fn>ra 1849' 
to 1K">^. IIl' went by Inndfroni Bnghdndto 
llnsrnh to join the other moiuhers nf the com- 
mi«»ion, and, as he wa« accompanied by an 
i'HcoTT of troops, was able to visit ibc prin- 
cipal ruins on the way without, risk. He 
discovered the interpsting burial -raotiiid ant) 
other reiiiaintsat Warka, which was identified 
by Sir Henry Uawlini«on with tho ancient 
i'.recli or Ir of tbe Chaldeua, the birthplace 
of Abraham. Rjitumin); a second time alone, 
Ijoftua niFide some excavations, and 8<>nt 
home iwo colh^tions and a report to the 
llntiah Museum. The muatimportantBriiolea 






' in tihetp cdlectioiu'wfere »oine glai^ «in)^««- 
■wun ooffiosof the Panhian period. In t8o3 

kh« wt8 sent out B^in '" llahylnn and 
^iopvi^L Lj- ihi? AMvriiui Exca^'Htioii Fund, 
and returned in 1^5, brtncinB with him 
ooUectiona from Mubry^-ET.SrierifklianfTi'U- 
•ifir, Senkernli, nn<l Warlio, which are now 

tin tb9 Uritieh Mue).Mim. TheM collections 
include eomc eighty tablew, besides -rtam 
and itbiedA in metal. He was then ap- 
poinTtMJ tn tiiegeolopcal surrey of India, but 
liis health brok« down from »un-#Trolte, fol- 
lowing on ivpeat<^ attackit of fever ^hile 
in Aa^rria, and lie was ordL'n-d lu ItAn^runu 
to recruit. Owing parlEy to thu interruption 
of the survey by llie mutiny, hf embarked 
tar KngUnd on the 'I'yhiimin in Nnvembcr 
1856, and died on board within a week, of 
fltarting, ^m the efi«ctB of an abscess of 
the lirer. 

In IH^fJ hn imsiuhI a volume nf Htlirtf^phs 
of cuneiform iuvcript iutis, wilhoiit a litlti, 
and in 185" he publislied 'Trav*1» and II.;- 
■eardK6 in Chaldn^a and Susinna.' Hu hImi 
OOOtribiited to tlie ' (Juartrrly Journal nf the 
Geological SociBty*]>a|(-'ra *Oii th<-ri<-olo|2;ical 
Struct are of the Mountain It^ngy- of W.i«t<«m 
Pewia' (1851, Tii. 26S) and 'On th.- OfO- 
■. logy of Portions of the Turko-Persiaa Fron- 

■ iLarMl^^, X. 4t}4, and l^A xl.247); and, 

■ to the ' Journal of the Royal (.-leosrrapbical 
Society ,' ' Nol-wi on a Joumev from Ba^nd 
to BusrBh'(I860, xx\l. i:tl), and on 'The 
Determination of the Rivtrr Eiil»u» of (he 
Oi«eklIiBtori&iis'(18Ji7,xxvii. 1-J0>. Plants* 
eoUoeted by him in Asayrin and Porain an? 
in the berliaria at. Kcw and at the British 
Mu»?um,ai]dsomfaiiliuuLtie«wi:Te presented 
by him to the >"cwc««i(c Miwi*Km. 

[0«nt. Mac. !***■ '• *35: rrooi»*dinpi» Royal 
(^«^rm|ihi(al SociMy, IRAH-9, iii. 2^9; lA^ard's 
^m NiDenh and Babyloa, 186.3. p. AlA ; nnd inform n- 
^pKi«B from the BHc. Mu>.ButliunlJM.] O. S. D. 
"^ LOGAN, (iF,OUrtE (lB-8-I7B6),contro- 
Ter*iiUii*t, bf>m in 1078, wa« son of George 
Logan of the Arnhiro family, by his wife, a 
daughter of A. Cunningham, minister of Old 
Oumnnck. lie was wliicaled at Glaaguw 
UniMTpilT.anilgnuliialed 1686. On 
4 M&rth 1703 be was licensed its a preacher 
in the church of Scotland, and hfcante chap- 
lain to John, earl nf I^jiudenhile. llewaa 
•aooaMivety miui^tifr of Laudirr, Derwick- 
^in»1707:Sprou«toD,Hoxburi;hshire. 17 1);; 
Dunbar, Hadriinf^on'bire, 1721 ; andTrinilv 
CoIIpgB Church, KdinhufKh, ]7;f2. On8SIiiy 
1740bewa*ele<.-tLHlbyalargt! majority m<A[(-* 
rator nf the gi^norat a««>mb1y, and in that 
rapacity wiemnly d<>pO(>i:^ Hb<?n<-itvr ICrskino 
[q. T.]and seven other iiec«>dintf brethren a 
week later. Tic strenuouily lupported the 
rou XXXIV. 

Hanoverian acce»Aion, and on th^ approach 
of the Jacobitt.' army towanU K'tiiib\irgli in 
I'-ioiWaBftwarm but unsuccew-ful advorate 
for placing it in a state of defence. During 
the DCctijation of iho town by liv rebel* hi* 
housf near tlitf Ca*llc Hill, whi-nct' hv bad 
fled, wa« Dccupied by them as a guard-houfe, 
Ilis views on neredit^iry rijfht involved hita 
in a lively contest with Tliomait Kiidiliman, 
the Earl of Cromarty, Sir (.leiirgL- Mackenste, 
John Sage, and other promioimr Jacohiles. 
lie died on 13 (Vt. 1(55, in the (icventy- 
Hevenlh year of hi>i age. Jle married, tirst, 
a siitt'r of Sir Alexander Home of Eccles. 
by wliom he had a son. *;(«»rge, minister of 
Ormiston, Haddingtonshire, and a daughier. 
HIr fti-cniid wifo was Lilian \\'i*ir. 

In pen«<>n lj>.>^raii wa«*a littlii neat man ;* 
hifl capacity waa alender, and his writings 
mibi<<ct*,'d liim t'> much ridicule (Ciialmkbs, 
lAj^ nf Hwidivrmrt \ see, however.UHAMBKRS, 
JCntifn^it l^>tf»m,ii. i>41). lie wrote: I.' An 
B*Miv upon Oo'p^land Legal Prvacliing, 8vo, 
Kdin'burgh, 1723. 2. * A modest and bumble 
Incjiiiry concerninff the Right and Power 
of (d«<cting and (.-jilling MiniMcrs to \acant 
Chur¥he#,'Svo. i;dinlniri:(h.I7ai 3. 'AUon- 
titiuntion of the Inquire,' 8vo, Edinburgh, 
17.'i2. -1. 'A Vindiralion of the ImiHirT,' 
ttvo. Edinburgh, 1733. 5. ' An Ovcrturefor 
a right Constitutioiiof tlie tienerul .V&terablv, 
and an IIIustTatinn of it,' f<Tn, Kdinburgh, 
17-{fi. tS. 'Thtf Lawful ni:-.»-<4 ntiil Nt-oensitv of 
Ministfr*, tliL-ir reading the Act of Parlia- 
ment for bringinff to .liistice the Murderers 
of Captain .John Porttvius," I L'mo, 1-xlinburgb, 
17^7. 7. ' A Treati*e on Oovi'minent ; shew- 
ing that the right of the KiugH of iJcollaiid 
to the Crown, waa not strictly. , .hereditary,* 
8vo, Edinhut^h, 1746, whieli was anaweml 
hy Riiddiniari. f*. ' A Second Tri'Atitte on 
Government,' 8vo, Edinburgh, 1747. 9. ' The 
Finishing Stroke; or, Sir. Knddiman aelf- 
condemiiE^d, being a Reply to Mr. Uuddtman'n 
Aiiswor,"."tr„Hvo.KrfiTibiirtrii.l74>*. lO.'Tlio 
Doctrine of iho jure-di vino-thip of hereditary 
indeFt4isibl» Monarchy enquired into and ex- 
plodtM). in a I^-tler to Mr, Thnmaa Rnddi- 
man.'Hvo. Ldintmr^;!!. 17Ut. II. ' A Se&.ud 
Letterto Mr.Thomo? Ruddiman, vindicating 
Mr. Alexander Ilenderaon from the vile Ai~ 
pereions cast upon him by Me&sieiirs Sage 
and Ruddimau, Bvo, I'Minuurgh, 1749, 

(How Swjtfs Kaati l->el. Keot. rol. i. pt. 1. 
pp. 37-8. 3(J2, S&J, pt. ii. pp. 473. 620 ; And»r^ 
ton's Scottish NiLtiun, ii. 6H&; Irring'tt Book tif 
Scotanea; Cat. of Advwcatcs' Library.] 0. O. 

LOGAN, JAMES (1071 I7fil), PennN 
agent in Ameriai and man uf eeii-nce, bom 
at his father']* liouAe at Lurgao, co. Armagh, 


so O0L tWif WM wra of Patrick Logui, » 
vn.oAm}n of nir Robert Logan of Rcstalrij;. 
Tlu tfttJiBr had joined thi; Societr of Pnend«T 
and Junes wu brongbt up in ttut nli^n. 
Uefor* h« wu thirt««n Loi^n hnd Aeqaircd 
■otMlmowledgeof Tjatin,Oref>k,and Itctirew, 
Bad be mw >t thnt aff r> ui>pn>ntic4*<) to a litifii- 
draper; butontlie landing or William III in 
Irauind hiaparentnU'-d t<^ Edinhurfrb. talcing 
him with thnm, and aAnrwardH xettlsd in 
Brutul. HvreliH liiarn) Fp-nc!t, Italian, and 
mime SptDi«ti, and by 1698 had befrun to 
traduynhinownacrount between Bristol and 
l>uhlin. Hi) camp to know Penn, who per- 
suaded liim to accompam btm to Pennsyl- 
vania aa his tacreUTy. llltfy flailei] ia Sep- 
tember, and landed in Philadi'l]ibia tn tWvm- 
bcr IfflW, aiid l^nf^an livfHl in thp amehnuM 
in •Htss'iiid Stn-ut with I'tiiin until the latter 
in 1701 flnalW ret>imi>d t^i Knpland. lyignn ' 
was thcfl madn nwretan,- to tli« prnvitirt', ' 
cnmmiiwioner of prnperty, remver-peneral 
and biiitiuesd B<ri;ut tor the proprietor, but ' 
aI«o triid«d on bi* own accnunr, the aaUrr ' 
that hi> receivrd bL'inj^ only 100/. a vt^ar. 
Hr! roaintaini-d tb>.' iutereeta of Peon, and , 
»ub«M]ut'iitly tho*e of hit family, with abilin- , 
and inh^Efrily airniiiHt mil oppfinent*. He ■ 
bttram'.- a nii;mVT of tlu' provinriiil council 
in 1702, and romivinwi onw until 1747. In 
170t and !70fl l.n|fnn V-cnine embroiled in 
Horemor John Evanii'4 diHpiitix; with tho 
njUMirably, and in tho latt«r year ho visiti'd 
the Indiana at Coneflto)^, after which lis : 
waa always tbelr fllAuncbest friend. In 1706, 
wlien ho wa» on the eve of departure fnr ! 
Kn^Innrl on Penn'a biuincsn, lie vraa im- j 
piwcbed on die ctiar((B of holdlntr the Aur- 
veyor^neralahip and flf'crprnryibip nimul- 
tan«otialj, and of tampmng with thi* [ 
i;nrflmnrscoinmii»ion. Th« dispute drujis«d 
on until Xovember 17<Kf.when hiionponenls 
obtained an ordflf from th« atwembly for his 
(irrostj but (lovemor (ionkin i-»«ii(vl a »rtp^r~ 
artlffut on the i^mnda that Lo^n wnx n , 
member of council and waagoin^ to Englund ' 
on the proprietor'jtbiuine-ss. Lngan reached I 
ICnftlanilcnrty in 1710, and returned in 1712. 
In ITlfi liD waa coinmivutionvd as a juHtio<(' uf 
common pli*iui, and in I~23beeame presidinff 
jiidgein thatcourLandmii^orof l*hilnd'"lpWa. j 
At l.h« rnnr1u]tir>n of his y far of nlliwi na , 
mnvor \\v aimlii viHiIetl Knfjiand to consiill. ' 
with Tlaniinn, Pcnn's widow (I Vim h&ddiod 
in iriAandhineJdeRtson in 1720). In X''!!), 
nfri-r his return lo I'eniuylvani^, l,n|?iin ■ 
b<?ramo iiiv(tlvf«l in « controrersy with 
QovemnrHir William Iv-^ith, who was super- I 
g«ilKd in 172rt. Tn the coump of th** didpute ; 
ho publi«hi>d 'Thi! Anhidtito,' Pliilodolplun, 
Xt'JXtt and ' A Memorial from Jamai Logan ' 


in behalf of the Pioprietor'a fiunilj and of 
himKlf, Sorvast to thv said bmily,' 17^ 
In 17^ Logan was maimed for life by a (all 
in which he broke off tbe head of bis tbigfa* 
bone ; but his energ;|r was anabat«d. Froa 
17;{1 to M'V^ he v^eA as chiff ju.%ti<y* andss 
pn-aideni uf rouncil. so that on the death of 
Governor Ciordon in 1736 it fell to his lotto 
act as governor, and no new goremor being 
appointed, hf conlinued in the post for two 
years. AAt.-r tfaiit be rultred lo Strntun, bis 
H*-st near Germacutown, which Is now a pttt 
of rhiladelplua. where he darotad himaeuio 
Ki«nri6c and rlantical stndiea, and wbere ha 
dMd,31 Oct. 1751. IIu wa« buiied in ilie 
FManda' burial-ground, Aicb Straet, l*hilk- 

Loean married Knrab Reed, by wbon hfl 
had four chilJrvn, his vlJest sod, WilUua 
(171S-1776), succA^ing him as attorney for 
the Fenn fanuly.and deroting'himaeir largely 
to ot^ruliure and to the we1fiu» of tbe 

Lo^n defended Oo<lfr<>y*s claimn to tbe 
invention of the quadrant, and waa one of 
Bt^njamin Franklin's first protectors. In 
17J}4 he coinmuiiirated lo the Roval Society 
' An Account of Tliomos Godfrey** Improve- 
ment of Davis's Quadrant, transfKrrvd lotlie 
Mariner's ^^' (Philompkical Transac/iont, 
xxxviii. 441).and about the same time began 
acorrespondence with Sloane, rhf>n president 
of t.he.soriety.mid with i*eterCollinK)n[q. t.} 
Id I7<% hi? comniiinicR.ted tn tbe latter an 
account of Lisexpcrimeut on the fertilisation 
of maite, an important dcmonstmtion of the 
Bpxuality of plants. This was publi'^bcd in 
thff' I'll i!osn[ihif"aiTranaBClinn5"(s-\xix. 192), 
and in un vnlurpfd form as ' Kxperimenta et 
Meletomatft diiplanunim gynrTarinntV I^y- 
dim, 17^(1. [t was reprinted with an Kncliui 
trnpflalion by Dr. yothi-rgill, London, 1747. 
!lis 'Char(je'to the Grand [oquoft, 13 April 
1736,' I'hilndclpbia, 1736. andXondnn, 17:i7, 
a i^neral disquisition nn crime, ami two 
Iell«rB to Sloans, 'On the Crooked and 
Anffular Appeorfince of Lifrhtnin^,' and * On 
thi! Sun nnd Mnon, whi-n n^ar the HnriEOO, 
app>'Brin>r larger,' from ' Pbil"*i"ppbicnl Trans- 
actions,' vol. x.<cXLX., are reprintwl in tbe 
'Memoirs' of him piiblished by Wilson 
AnnisU'udin IWil, I lis transliitionnfOicePo, 
'De Senoctnte.' with prtfac*- and note* by 
Frattkliii. Philfidelphia, 1744, is one of tha 
bfl«t works iMued from Franklin's pnws. It ■ 
wa8 reprinieil in Liiiidon in 17>>C) and 177^t I 
in niiisRow ill 1751 and I7ft8. and in Pbila- ■ 
detphia in IT-W and IS!:!, thwe reissaes 
falsely hearinir Franklin's name. 

I^enn's oiher publicalions were: 'Calo's 
Moral Distichs. li^nglished iu Ccupteta/ 1730^ 




■4ta ; ' CftDODum pro inrenicndi» foris rerrac- 
tionnm . . . dcmnn8tnit.ion«t georaetrice,' 
Ltiydini, 17:)8; 'Kpi»toIaaclFKbriciuia,'.\.m- ; 
eterdiuu, 1740, and ' D«mon8tra<ionc« de 
mdionuD Idcu . . . aberrntionibus,' Loyden, ' 

Logsn bw]UMtthed lii« lihnirj of over two | 
Thoiu«Dd Tolanoes of cUwical Biithors, in- I 
cladms tb.' fJiv«k nmibpRiAticiatis in folio, I 
FabriciD*»'» ' liibliothjiquf ftn*pqup,'aiitl New- > 
ton's worki, with au •■iidowm«»t, to tlie 
citT of rhilft'lelphia. auH ibirtwn hundred 
vofumpft wer^ ndded br his oldest Min. An 
oritnmil ptrtrait nfhini in thin lihrary is eti- 
jcrsrrd by S. Allvn in Armi*l««d's ' Mcmoiw,' ' 
and a similiir portrait appear* in A[>{ileton'8 ' 
''Cyclopedia of American Riojjniphy.' His 
BUne wu cammemorntiHl by liiihert Brown 
in tlM now Lostam'u, the typti of a Ur^e 
«rfi» of flowering- plant* (NinHoiAOS, Dtc- 
lionary of (lardemm/, ii. 1i9£). 

[Memoir* by Wiliinn Arm iMmw), Lniidan, 1R&T, 
ISniu ; Applrlon'a Cyclopaedia of Am«Tio«n Bio- 
mpbT, IT. 3; JoMpli Smith's CoUlxgua of 
Frunds' Books, ii. 129.1 ^- ^- B- 

LOOAK, JAMES fl7!H?-1873),nurlior 
of Um 'Scottish <iael, waa bom in Aber- 
deen about 1701, hi» father boin^ a RubRtan- 
tuU nw-rrhant. lit* wan i>dui7at4>d at th« 
nrnounarscbool und MarischalCollepe, Abcr- 
•een. We intended tn bernrap a lawyer, but 
■ firkcture of ibeakull.nccidentAHy iucnrnMl 
wbile uloDg iMrt in &lhl-^tic "pom, ruini*d 
lit» plarn^ and he took to drawing as a pas- 
lime. Ilifl fritrnds iirired him t*i pt-rHcvfre 
«s BQ artijt; he fvttlud in I^utdnn iindttr the 
psuvna^ of l«rd Abitrd^M-n, and itudiwi in 
conneetioa with th(> Koyal Academy. Sub- 
•cqueatly be became a joarualinl, and to 
l)<i1p «'Xp«Q»aa acl^d for a tim« a« clerk in an 
Kn-aitert '* otfic*. Suddenly, however, about 
IH^I, ho started on a pediwtriao tour uvpr 
Scotland, g«tlif>nnB materials on (laelic an- 
I iquitie* from the North Sea to th« Atlantic 
lUiluminfT lo l/mdnn hn minporUHl himself 
bv pcriiKltcal writing; whilu h'_' compusad hia 
■Scottish fiat^l, or Celtic Manner* tA pre- 
•«t%-«>d amonj; the IliffliUnd«rf>,' which wu 
piiblisbf»l in 1831 in 2voU.,wirb a dfvlira- 
t^ W'tlliam IV and illustrations by tbe 
lie nwived one hundred ffuine&H 
pyrieht. and the book, which waa 
irahtj rvviewwl, told well nt thirtr 
Inira — nut, ax Dr. dtvwari atatve iii bia 
■ ' .Memoir,' ai fourt»?en guint-a« a copy. 

liOfaa afterward.* contributed to the 
F'OoitleKian'H Magazine/ in which !ir ably 
[•utatned a eontniv«ir«v with the WcUh 
eboUr Dr. Uaries on tV respective merita 
F'Of tbe Cymric and Gaelic braocbes of Celtic 

Bpeech. This enhanced his reputation amongf 
scholam, bringiitehimaeulocistic lutti^rfrom 
J^marlinu and the offer of (lie lecrelaryabip 
of the Highland Socicry of l^ondon, whicu 
ho a(?(Tentcd and hfld for two or three veara. 
Ite&if^infc thia post, in accordance witli bis 
cbaracterlfltic impatience of restraint, be 
tnut«d again for a Itnnr to mii^c^ltaneous 
Utorary work, contribulinfj l«,r)f<jlv nt the 
same tlmf^to ihe'Transactioas' of tfie Gaelic 
Society of London. lie was g^iiwroualy 
patroniMd by tbe prince conwirt, who was 
in.lere*t(Hlinoisf[p(!iiTialstadti.-i(, and at length 
enabled him to oerome a broth'?r of thi 
Clinrtvrbriitse, lx}itdon. Bur Logan's restless 
and critical spirit I'.'d TO Ilia e!E put iiion in 1866. 
Vuriuub memborefif (br^IIi^murid nnd Celtic 
Societies befriended him, and his but years 
were comfortable andosi«'n9ibly independent . 
IiOgan dtrMi in lyindon in .April IK7^. 

Tbv 'Scottish Qud' is scbohirly. full, and 
vigoroua ; and, as edited by Dr. Alexander 
StQwarl in 1876, with iin'mnir and valuable 
iint«c, fornix the standard authority im thtt 
cbnracCvrii'llcs', history, and Uteraturu of ihu 
Celt in Scotland. I^gan also wrote the in- 
troduetinn to Mackeiirie's ' S<ir-i)I>Bir nam 
Bard I iaelarh/ or ' Beauties of Oaelir; Poetry ' 
(2 vol*. iKil, new edi^ Mil), and mppHed 
adequate I«'tt.-'r]»ri»M to Maclan'^ 'Clan* ofihe 
Scottish Highlands,' an illustrated work on 
'Highland i'twiuineii,' it vols, fid, l84;J-9; 
new «dit. 1&57. 

[I)r. StowurtG Meinmr \a the Soottifth Gad, 

isrftod.i T. B. 


(rf. IHttiM, BCMntifir writer, was bred to ihn 
law, und went out hetwucn 1830 und 1K40 
to the 8traits Settlements, finally wt.tling 
at P<?nang, Prince of Wales's Island. Ilia 
ability at onr« gave him a leading position 
among thecutoniKta,Bndhi' was able lo rendej* 
very great services to the then stru^rgling 
settlement. It was he who, by an urfn-ut de- 
monHtration of tht^ facta, induoed I^rd Pal- 
muntlou ti) rveiiti thv oucroacbmenls of the 
Dutch U[>on the weat coast of Sumatrn, and 
by a cogent ' Petition ' to tie Peninstjlar aud 
Oriental Company prevailM upon that firm 
to mniatain diri>ct c^im muni cation between 
Penang and tUia country. One of his last 
public (services was the exposure- in the 
* Penang Gazette* of the dnnf^iTiiiis methods 
of ike Micrvl f-i>cietie« which had for a long 
time been the bane of the Siraits. 

I^ogan's first important 8cienti6c publica- 
tion wa.4 a paper ' (In tht^ Incal and rt^>lative 
Goology of Singnpore. including Notices of 
Humatra, th« Malay Peninsula. Sic' written 
in 184)1, and printeid in the ' Journal of the 


Asiatic Society of B^-ngal' (vol. xvi. ; re- ' 
publiBlietl in TrUliiuT's Oriental Seriw, * Es- '' 
imyti rvUting tu iudo^^liloa/ ii- 04). Ills 
chi".'f other pajwrs arc ; • The Kocks of I'nloh- 
bin,' in vol. jxii.of thn* Vi^rliMndelitiai'ii van 
h«l; Ratoafschfi Genootscliap,* IMfl. rs'oticM 
of tho goologr of tbe itl.rait» of SingtL|K)re, in 
the 'Qimnt*rly Joumnl of tho (Jtwlngicat 
Sociuty,' IiSfil, vol. vii. ; mid n 'Journal of 
an KxcUfMoii from Sini^aptire To M&Ucca 
and Pinanff,' in vol. xvi. of ihe Oeclo^cal [ 
Socifty's 'Journal.' I^>;^n also started lunl 
edktud for ubouL ten yuars the 'Journal of 
tilt! Indian A rdiipelaKo and Kartt«m Adin,' 
printed firsr at the Smffapore miisiim jirfxa 
m 1M7. In \Sb7 he cml^cUKl scjvoral of hia 
numerouA ^lupRre in tlii? ' .Jouruat,' and is8U<^d 
th«ii) in eighl parts, under ibe title of ' Tlie 
L«i]ffuaffes [and Kthnolofry] of tltc Indian 
Arcnipclatto.' Th(»wor)(,whipIili>!atsnotoniy 
of thu clttttsi fixation and struttuiv of tito lan- 
guages ('top3tb«r with a study of dialect* and 
materialsfnra vocabulary), but aLiooftht'phy- 
siral characteriftticp, the eilinic bowndariue, 
and (he orif^iii, iIi'VLOo]>n]trnI, and chants of 
flliiricunlisni wthin tlie region specitii'd, is 
an important contribulion to antlirojiologi- 
eal ItnowledjiB. I»gnn subaequfinllystartfJ 
and edited the 'Ptjnaug Gazelte,' a joiiriial 
which in his hnnds bfcnmc nn nckiiiOwledgp<l 
nttllinrily on ImUan inattt!r.«. Kr du>d at 
p4i^nn^ on ^0 Oct, ]S(H), at which time he 
was notary ].>uhlic of tht* Kuprvmu" court' of 
the island. .-Vftcr his death it wo* decidc-d 
to erHct a innnunicRt to comroeoinrato hia im- 
porlant si^rvic^J*. 

l^((Hn was a luemhtToftlioAaialic Society, 
and an lionomrv member of tho Ktbnologiral 
and Qeolodii-af SociotiM of Gnxit Brituin. 
Hi' w»8 niici'wiied ill ihH i-ditnr-hin of th*" 
' Petiaug (j«a«tto' by his son, Alexander 

[Peoans Ai^s, 21 and 38 Oct. 1860; Qiiar- . 
torly JmiroAl of l.he Geologicai 8i>cifity. vol. vii. ; 
ALtiniumm, Ift65. ii. S2(l ; Lni^pin's Worku in 
BriliFb Miieoum Library.] T. 8. 

LOGAN, JOHN (174S-178«>. divine and 
poi^t, wii« bom at Soiitra, I''ulii. MiiUotliian, 
in 17'W*. His pari'nift — (It-orpL' Lo^itn, farmtT 
at- SoutTB, and Janet, daii^hterof John Wat er- 
atOQ in thi> pariah of Hlowe — rt^movc^d soon 
ai\vc h\» birlh to fiojtfnrd Malnf!, Abprlndy, 
£a«t Lcthiiko. Tlit-y were disHi^ntcrs of the 
biirjibcr bmiii^h nftln' ii-cis^Hion.and atfeiid{id 
the luinixtry of John Brown of Iladdlniituii. 
Aflfr n^wivinfT a pr»'narati"iry I'dncation at 
the trraomiar school ol Muftsclhnr^Ii, Logan 
ent.*^n>d ihr> iinivcrxity of Kdinhur^^h in 1702. 
and dislin){:utt>hed him»elf by hia |irolici»n<*y | 
IB claiuics, and by his essaye in tue cIb£8 of i 

rbetonc and belleft-leltrvs taiif^ht by Hugb 
Blair I'q. t.] I^ord Elibank, who then tpsiik-i] 
at BaQencrieff in the parish of Aberlady. in- 
terested hiraju^Lf in biswclfiLni, and gavTiiiai 
access M hia library. Aflor he had mmpli-1<.i) 
hia Ktudifu; for the minuitry of the church (rf 
Scotland, he became, on I he recomniendarion 
of Hr. Itlair, who had fi^rmed a hi^h opinina 
of hia tsk-iitii and uhuructer, tutor to the tott 
of Mr. Sinclair of Illh^t^r, Caithnea»-«hir*. 
afterwards the c«lebraled ^ir John Sinclair, 
bnrt., whom he arcompflnied tn Ll^itfanmi. 
Lov^n WUH lioonsml aaa preacher by tli« pres- 
bytery of n«ddinglon on 27 Sept. 1770, ana 
in that year he publi-xhed the pocm.s of hit 
frii^nd and fellow-studc-nt Michafl Bruw, 
and addinl 'some poems writti-n by ditTerent 
author^.' InApril 1773 he wasoraainedaud 
adinitt43d to the parish of South I>eilh. where 
for a timp *hf> diachareed a»>idiioii»ly the 
dutieii of hit) ofKci-.' His litorary roputatioft 
It'd t« fiiB being appointed by the gen«nli 
assembly in 1775 a member of thecommitl 
charged with thp r(>vihinn and nnlarf^oii 
of l[i« paraphriwet^ mid Ilviuuk for uae uK] 
public worship, and he became the laTg««ti 
contributor to the <?ollec(ion. During thft 
college sewiionB of 1T79-Hfl, Kr^O-l, ho read 
a course of historical lecture* in Fdinburgh, 
iiiidnr llie patronage of Principal Itobertooa 
Ur. lllair, and iKlier eminent literati ; and ' 
1781 puhliMlied nn niiahfii' of the Ieciur««, 
entitled 'ElementB of the Philosophy of Hi 
tory.' In the ataaf year he published a vol 
of noE-ins, including tho 'tide to theCiwlioo,' 
anil otht^rA which he hnd printod along with 
lho!<e of MiL'bael Uruc-e, and also hi- priacinal 
contribiition«tothrpnrnphrfi*(^!i This was fol- 
lowed in 1782 hy the publication of one nf bii 
h-ctures, entitled ' An Kinsay on tlii^^fnnneri 
and CTovemmente of.'\»i&.'iindin 17Kibv th» 
trtigf Hv of ' KunTiamrde,' which *-aa acted in 
thf Kdinburph Thealn*. 

LoganV coonoction with the stage gave of- 
fence to liinpnrishiDners, and it did not stand 
alone. Logan liad inlicril'i'd rniiii his futber. 
who met liis deulh by drowning «'huii in on 
unMund Ktate of mind, a tendency to melan- 
choly, and in his ]it« of dcprMSton be bod 
rnrourse to Htimulnnt-s So strong was lbe> 
f^'elingngaimtthini that lie found it i>spe<Uent 
In nsigii hi* cliaTge, 57 Pec, }7t*6, on belnff 
allowed iin annuity from the living of 4'it. 
The rest of hia life was pp^nt in I^ndon, 
where he occupied hinihelf with literary pur- 
suits. He wn.'j a frfiiin^nt contributor to the 
' English FU'viow,' iinri in 178"* he puhliAbed 
'A l{>-view of tile PrinL'ipul Ohiirgefi against 
Warren HastiTig-i,' llr-died oniJAlVc. 17^. 

In !7V)0 ojkI 1791 two vidnmen of hia aer- 
monu were published under i ho »uper\'i&iono: 


>rs)^ ■ 
looa, ■ 
id iaM 







tua friends, Ur. RoberUon of Dslmcny, Lin- 
lilligowvliire, Ur. Bt&ir, and Dr. Ilnnly. lie 
l«ft oUier msauscripla, of wliicb l>r. itobvrt- 
«on, bU college fneud and litenrj executor, 
Ipniamn trcouni id a loittTio Dr, Andenon, 
editor of the ' British Poh(*,' dutt-d 19 ^:^l. 
17!>6. In till! Ifttpr Dr. UobertB'ju aUogivvs 
m list of l>ig»n's jwnis, inc1adiii|[ th*? ' Oi!e 
Co the Cuckoo,' ^fiich liad bi^n phntiHl wirli 
thoM of .Uichiu'l llrucc. Yvars lieT'irr tin-. 
Bnic«*« fii«4id« hod clAimed for him tli" im- 
tbonhip of thf ' *We to tb« Cnckw ' nml 
'rther pocois «nd hTtnru which ].o(^ii bad 
puliIiAnnl unilrrhts owu naiiu-. The i'Larn>.' 
Agsiiut Lofran has beuu reni}wi>d £rom lime 
to tine, and some have gone (be tongth of 
ueerttiig that Bruce was the autlior of all 
ibe paraplirases which Logau funiJelitid to 
ibe caurch. Therv arc some circumstiuiccs 
utifavoiiniblo to ljO|n>n, such na the diaap- 
peAnui(.-euf a volume of Bruce's nunuocripts, 
and a few pla^lomim iQ Uis 8«rmoiw, but iu« 
aathombipofthe poems and hTinn8h«> claimed 
ha« beeti ably vindicaivd iu rc-ocnt times 
tnr ]l>a%-id Lain^, John r^niaH. and finally by 
toA Rev, K. Small, who b&s preM>ut$d tlte 
whole evidence, both external and int«mal, 
in anch a way as virtually lo eottk- thequ<«- 

Logan wasoneofthemoitt popular preachers 
of thptjm^; hie historical proouction»«TLuw 
wide knowlL*dg(>, ctjmpnjlK^iiairD rJews, and 
m philoeopbic miiid ; his poetical Tersioan of 
acriptore ore siaf^ularly felicitous, and the 
■(kfoto ihcC^urkoo' was pronounced by Ed- 
mund Biirktf ' th<.< most bL'siitLful lyric in our 
languat^.' In bis better days h« won the 
fricndiihip and eAteem of »ome of the most 
•'mini^ni rb-rgiF'm<>n of the time, and when he 
<iiaap|iuiuled tht-ir fi<r|M;« IIh-v made ollow- 
Anoe tor the temwnunent be fi&d inborited. 

Beaideathe publicationn mentioned above, 
■■ A Vww of Ancient llistor>-,' by l>r. Riilhir- 
fovd, bead of au acadt.'m>' at I'xbridKHi which 
mnmni in two volume (17S&-03), wa? 
Irnlervd by Logan's friend) to liave been 
^vritten by him. 

(6aott'8 Fasti ; AcmIccbod'e Britiih PotiB, xi. 
1030; Chamber*** Rmineat S<»)t(nncn,ii. JV41-.1; 
ljf« prefiud to Piximi. Edia\t. 1806; Life 
pnfiieil to SerrMiiiu, I»Dd. 1810 ; Odo 14 iho 
Cuckoo, with rMoarka on it* Anlhor«hif by 
IMnd l^ing. EdinK 1873; Micli'ioE JJracw nn>l 
4ho Aatbarahip »f tho 01« to the Ciickco, )>y John 
■nida in the British nod Furpign Kmng. Re- 
view, July 1677; Miehnel Bruc* VDrvua John 
X>a£as,tvoaft)clae by the Ki>t. John 8mall, H.A.. 
fa the Britifti and For^icn Kt^do. Ratmw, April 
and October ISTd. t^ltieh PuaphmM. by 
Jkattglas J. aiul^, Ediob. )S8d,] G. W. S. 

LOGAN, 8lB ROBERT (J. 1600), of 
Reetalric;, HU[>pD»ed fiuwrie conspirator, was 
detscended from annld lioeofSeottiHh biirotu, 
who orijrinally potseued Lomn iii Ayrshire, 
and ac<itiir^d theboroiiT of llertoliig, now 
' pnrtly owrupicd by South I^etth, iu the n'ign 
of Hubt-rt I. He wa,* the wn of Sir Ko1>ert 
Logan of Restalrip by hie wife A^um Gray, 
duui^'httT of i'ftiriclt.* lord Uray, and afte'r- 
u;< wife of Alexander, fifth lord Home 
'|. \ , . and Sir Thomo-H Lynn [<]. v."] He en- 
joyrd a apecinl reputation for lawktgsuess and 
vKik-nce. Itwasprobabhhisftttbcr.doHcribed 
by Calderwood us 'neitlier prudent nor for- 
tunate,' wliii Hold the Mipi-riority of l^eitb in 
K»o5 lo the queen legt^ut {History, i. &27). 
Logan supnoTtod the eau»<.- nf Mary Stuart, at 
least after her escape lo England, and was 
one of those wbo under Kirkcaldy of Orange 
betd the castle of Gdinbargh till its lor- 
rendar in 1578 Iii. iii. i»l ; W F. C. Seoti, 
u. 218). 

By hi? marriage to a daughter of Sir 
Hal rick Hume, Lognn in I660oameiotopos- 
ee«ion of Fast Castle, IVrwickKhlre.with the 
adjoining land^ which CBVi; him b'jyi'cial facili- 
ties for a wild and lawless life. On :?3 May 
ITk''" Ii>_- appeiirg as one of the aurcties for 
Pat rick, mosler of Gray, and afWrwanls ttixtli 
lord Gray [q. v.], tlial hi? would leavi' the 
cniintry within a' month (iA,ir.l"3). Some 
time nnern-ardt) be became contipictious M 
tht' Bupporier nf the lurbulfnt Karl of Both- 
well [see IlKPunis, Kbaxcis SrewARr, fifth 
Earl np IIothwell]; and on this account 
hadonl6(>rt.l.'i01 to fpre security in 10,000^1, 
not 'to re«!t [i.e. harhoiir| or iniorvommuno 
with the kiiifT* dt^hiredlniitora'Ci'S. p. 079). 
f>n l:^ Feb. 1692-3, for fniting to appear to 
answer for lus conspimcy with Bnthwell, he 
wii denounavl a n^U'l {U>. v. 4:f); and on 
13 June 10^4 be waa again outlawed fur fail* 
inji to answer a chaise of highway robbery 

fn'fem>d against his servants (lA, p. 148), 
n July of the ^ame year be entered into a 
contract with Napier of Merchiston [«« 
Napiku. Joms, I5.iO-1H17], by which "the 
latter bound bimeelf to use * all craft, and 
engine' ta discover a tn-aaure eappo«ed lo 
have been hid within Fast Castle, LoffOn 
itndertaking to give bim a third of wnat 
ho diMHircred and to guard bim aafeW bock 
to Ediuburpb. On « March 1098-9 "Loffon 
appeared before the council and bound him- 
self not to ' suffer hia place of Fa>«t Ca«tlo 
to be fiurpriHed by any of hia majosty'a 
traitors ' {i&. p. 539). On 1 Jan. of ibis ^ear 
Lord Willonghbv in a letter to Cecil deacribea 
him Bs ' a main loost^ man ; a f^rvat bvourer 
of t]uevi!!« TV]mted ; vet a mon of good clan, 
as they here term It: and a goM fellow.' 




In 16U4 l^>giui difipDSMl of the buruMV of 
Ite^talriff to Lonl Ilidiueniin. He died in 
July 1600. He bad omon^ other cUUdKa 
ft soa Hubert whn succvnlud him {A. vUi. 

Alter Logan's duBtii,Oeorge Sprolt [q.T.], 
R notary public in Eyemouth, II«rvi-icK-4iiro, 
w«s ii))un;lit'ii(]L-(I in April KW8 on siispirton 
of impLicaliiJii in tlif L-cuBpImi:}' of Oowria 
House. Oil bviug placed undertorliirehecon- 
fi>»8edhi.'ilcnnwI«ifg»'ofr*'rtain letttTswritli'n 
by I.ogftM iHccimuH^tinri wi11i tli(!]i!ot, which, 
ii gKnuiriK, proYL'd ihat L^j^n Itnil entered 
imo au at^T^t^meitit tu imprifroti lh« king iit hi^ 
stronghold of Castle. ASter bprou's 
cxi3culicni on 12 Aug., I.nffitn'a bones wero 
thtTufoDB t>xhtjmL'd frntu bl« irravw and pro- 
duced St a parliament h«=ld in Jiin^ ItxW, 
when IiOgan, on evidence of five letters tlii'ii 
produced, niid still extant in the Hegifiliir 
Qousu a1 Edinburgh, wae declart^ to have 
been (fuilty of high ireasoii, and i*ent'?nce of 
forfeiiuni piiK-ied fi({niiist him. ttruvu doubts 
of llw jfemiini'Uf-''!< of tin- leltHrs have, how- 
ever, bftfu yxprt'ssed bv contt^inporarii-s ; nor 
can it ho said that siibsoqiiunt resonrt'h kaa 
donti much to dissipate the oiyetury in which 
the ronspiraey ]inn iMwn fthrniided, Calder- 
•wood states that it was thought utrangt' that 
• the Karl of (iowrir nnd liis hrotlicr would 
oummuuicHte a piirw^e of ^iicli iiu]>ortaiic« 
to the Inirtl of Ittistalrig.ft deljortlii-d drunken 
man' {BUtory, vi. "(9); and Spcitiewood 
eyen goea so far as to allirtn that Hnrolt'a 
atorr was a ' mere conreit of the man i- own 
htdMv' {HiHory, iii. 2CX)>. The fact Ihat no 
clftar and fall eipWation is extant of 3jow 
the letters ■were discovered, tvnAs in cast 
SUBptciim on thnir authenlicity, oven if the 
ttory were not in itaelf ialiBrently impro- 

fAct« Pari. S«it. iv. 419-28: Klcaim'B Cri- 
ininnlTrr»l<i,ii. 276-91 ; Rpg. P. C.Seoil. tdIb. ii- 
viiS.; Hiitorie* of Spoti.^wood and CjUd^rrooil. 
TliD plot and Lc^an'is ronoMttun witb it hme 
been dlscusMd bj a c^iitiderabla number nf 
niixlcru writon. nunc <>!' whaiu have, hi>wi*ver, 
oontribiitcrl furthcrnDW factslemiingHivirJ.H its 
elucidation.] T. F. IT. 


(179ft-1875), Canadian ffeolofrist. second son 
ofVr'illtam Ixj^n, by his wife Janet, born 
Eduioiid, and gmiidimn of Jaine.i \^^i\ti, a 
' bflxt <-r ' of St iriiiig, who emigTat«?d t o Canada 
in 1784, was lnoni in Montn'al on iiO .-Vpnl 
1708. .\rter u fTvHxl gnjuiiJiuir itl the achool 
of onv Skakel. tht' Canadian niifthy, he was 
aciit by hit) father in 1814 to the hi^li Kchool 
at Ellin burf{h, and thence to KdinburgL Uni- 
vursity, wliere he graduat>»d with dirtinction 
in matli«iaatic8 in 1B17. In Lho following 

yeiLT he entered the count iog-hou so of hia 
un&le, Uarl Ijogan, in I^ndon, wher«be re- 
lieved the tediutn of hie evenings by ukiag 
les«ons in geometry from Itobcrt, vldeataon 
of the pout Bums. In IvSl he went to 
Swansea, South Wales, as manaeer of oop- 
per-fitnelting and coal-mining worts in whicb 
his uncle wn* iiilerestcti. r^'niaining in chaiife 
thiT^-of until hie uncle's deuLb in It^. 
Wlulu there bis alt«ntioa «-aa ■ttract«d to 
the general struoture of the G tamorganiihiTe 
enal-tield, and ho became en euthusinHtic 
student of ^olo|;y. IIepurcfaaiM.<d surveying 
inatnimetito, writing to Ilia brother in 1633, 
'If a poLuid or two more would make the 
Ibeodojite better, I aJiould bo disposed to 
give it ; 111 IJVH on milk diet and hith the 
uion«y in a short time ; ' and began a full 

feological map of the tiittrict. When &r 
lenry de la Ijeche. fq. v.] rjime to the di»- 
trict, he did not hesitate to adopt the maps 
which Logan protlt^rcd him for the govon- 
meut sur\uy, on the early aheeta of which 
Logan 'ii nam>- ie engravwl. Between 18-f.t 
and 18d& Jx^iu visited tiie Isle of Sbuppey, 
t'rance, and opain, nuvkinffireologica! notrit. 
In 1S37 he waB elected I*.u.S,, und in the 
ttame year lie exhibited hJit map of the South 
Wales coral district to the British Aaeocia- 
tion at I JverponL. K<-fore he left .Siulh Wah-* 
he Lud demouBlriititJ the imjmrtsnt Cart, till 
theuunreco^iieedor not iitid'Tstood,tliat the 
stmtiim of clay underlying coal-lxHlawu Uift 
soil in which the coal- vegetation grew, ihu* 
refuting; the drift theor^-,andestiibliahing that 
of growth in »itu ( Tratt*. (itiol. Urc. \ i. 491 ). 
In .\ugU5t I MO lx>gaii left Liverpool for Halt- 
fnx, Nova I?ii;ntiii, and during the following 
wiiiteretudied the pheiinmenaconnect'i'd with 
t he annual freeiing over of the St. Lawrencir, 
the obdurv'alioinH which he raed^? proving of 
great, value to Uoberl Htui)heii!>Liu w hen coiv* 
sideriug the heat lute fur the Victoria bridge, 
Wontrtt&I (aee Quart. Journal of 0^>lvif. the. 
1840, ii. 422). In 1841 he viairwl the co«l- 
fi&lds of Pennsylvania ami Nova li^cotia, End- 
ing his diacoveriea in Wales tut to atii/maria 
underclays everywhere confirmed, and mak- 
ing several valuable cummunication^ ou tli« 
subject to the Geologiral Society. 

In 1842, on the strong recommendation of 
He la Becbe, iMurchiwn, ESodgwick, and 
Buokland. Ixigan wa^ placed at tliw head of 
tlie projected goolog-ical survey of Canada, 
an(t,nfr.Teighteen months' preliminary work, 
the Canadian government, ilecided both to 
eontinne the suney and lo confirm in hia 
poaition l^pin, who about the same lime 
refused ibe ofl'er of a similar po«t in Indiia, 
He had already beguu th.- examination of the 
palvusuic tuclu. ot Cimada, and Lu now pt»- 










ceeded to tlu survey of thu eutero portion 
of Lower Cuuda, Woera he showed to&t tho 
'tozv ashad be«D supposed, were Ritorcil and 
Cfjvtalliaed pulnoioie strata, a fact wbk-li, 
although it is the key to the aeolo^- of nonh- 
wt e ra America, bad iMverbiiherio beende- 
nonscraied. He also declared chat the mcka 
jonniii^ Ibv I^urantian and Adiruudack 
nkooataiiui, pnrioualT rf!garded aa unstrati- 
fl«d,w«re in mlity, in bin npinion, disturbed 
Biulalif>rcdsediinentAryfI«niMtitti>f7iwtt thick' 
D—i. The skilful mannur m wliiuli bu (rncuJ 
out th€ itructure of these ancient forntutiotiA 
wa«, according lo Sir R. MurcbUcn, perhaps 
the mnet remarkable of Ixigan'sacbie viMii en ts. 
Tbtf workof lUe»urv*y,wnieh Logan sttiadily 
coQiinuMl Cuatd by 186S b« had surreyM 
over one hundred thoimnd square mile^ of 
territory) was renden^ pnrtirii birly arduou-i 
by the abscnou of any ai.-ciiratQ map of tlifl 
country, so thai h« was oOenobligw to make 
a topo^phieai survey of the country pari 
fiOMv. with a geological ono. 

In 1861 L<^n rvpreavnted Canada at tlie 
Gf«at RxhtbiiioQ of I80I, forni-arding & Urgv 
eoII(N.'tionoftheoconomic minerals of Canada, 
which waa rommi>i)dtKl a» tha mn«it intenst- 
ias and complete mineral i^xbibit in tb» ex- 
hibition. Hf wa«in this y-ar (^-]fclc<l F.R8. 
Id 1855 bt* war Cuiiadinn rummiaiiifiDer at 
the Paris Eichibition, and wah presented by 
the Emperor Nu|»jk-un III with the cross of 
the |je)poDof ilunour; while on a sub»coiR-nt 
Tiait to England hw was awarded the \Vo]- 
laaton mndal of thcOfnliwiral Society, ami 
wacon :!9 Jan. 16o<>, knitfht<^ by the qut-i-i) 
at Windsor. On hiHr<<tum to Canada an ad- 
dmss was prL-sented to him by the Cattadiun 
Institute (of which he had bt!«n tint presi- 
dent), and bi^ portrait was hung in the meet- 
iag^hall of thff socit-ty. He bad prerioii!>ly 
Mm created LLIX by the univereiiy of 
Uontraal, and an honorary member of nu- 
menms Bcientific Fociftics b'>th Hrilish and 
tar^gn. I^ogan again re|irHM-iiittl(_'atiadH at 
Ibo cxbibiticin of 1S62, and in the ftdluning 

?rear appeared his ^leat work on the ' (Jeo- 
ogT or C-anada,' in which bis collaborator 
wan bin former assisuni, Thomas Steiry 
Hunt. Tlid Tolum4> may be described as a 
geaeraliseMj aiimmanr of the progress of the 
snrrey during the brat twentv yeara of it4 
acdrtanoei it coutainfs mya ^ir A. I^eikio 
(Aisfwv, Iffi^, u. I<)2>. ' the gist of LofnuiV 
wvrh, as well as a luminous account of all 
tiiat was then known of the geology and 
auneiml wealth of tlie province.' Later in 
1803 he w«ut to J»ndoD to anangft for the 
publication of his lar^ geological map of 
Canada. The publication of a brochure on 


' Eoauwn Canadenac,' with notes, by J. \V. 
Dawson and W. B. Carpenter, made known 
the exiateuce of what w«;re then believi.*d to 
Ut'. or^nisms — the most anctCDt relics of life 
yet disttovered — and was foUiiweil in 1807 by 
the award of one of the royal medals of the 
itoyal Society. 

Logan resigned his directorship of the 
eurvey in 1670, spent the winter oT 1874-5 
with hJa sister m AValeo, died at Cantle 
Malgwin on 22 June 1875, and wa^ buried 
in [n«-hryd Church, Cardiganshire^, l/igan, 
who WBs unmarried, founded in 1872, by s 
donation of twenty thousand dollarn, the 
'Logan chair of geology' in M'Oill i'nivei" 
aitr, Montreal (lA. \S7-J, i. 44t*). 

Besides his givat wnrk on Canadian geo- 
logy and his annual ruports on the progrese 
of the surrey, of which the most important 
is lliat of 1865, (containing aspeciul account 
of palieoioic fossils, Logan contributed nu- 
merous articles to the 'American .Journal of 
Science and Art' and tn the ' l^roceedinga 
of tJio itritixh .\s»>i>ointion.' He also wrote 
a brief sketch llluBtraling the Cnnadiaii ex- 
hibit at Paris in I800, which appeared both 
in French and Engliah. Ilia wntiiiga, how* 
ever, although accurate and pns:isv, are de- 
ficient in power of exprvssion, and hardly 
convey an adequate impression of his vast 
Store*) of original inrornialioii, tht> product 
of many years of keen and »y»temDttc obser- 
vation, ilia dietinguiflhing characteristic as 
a geologist lav in the |xivrer be posseeeed of 
grappling wi t !i tti4> ^irnt igmpliy and st ruelure 
of the most coniplitatt^^ regions. George hia • Short liiMnry of the Canadian 
I'eople' (v. 4Ti>), calU bim wiihout eiaggi-- 
ralioii * too father «f Canarlian *cieiipe.' 

(Lifu by Bernfird J. lI«nrinKton. Montr^l, 
1883 (with eugmvrdl'iirlniti); Ap)<lolon'ii Cyclu- 
pwlia of AmrricnH I)io(;raphy, iv. " , Timos. 
U July I8S2 aud 2S June 187^ ; Knturc 1 July 
187A; Goolog. Klag. Angu" UTA. p. 3)3: 
UarcbiBOu'a Silarin, pMwim: Gr«Jog. Stmey of 
Groat Bnt-. Libr. Cut. p. 105. The prwf of this 
ftrtido boa l>e«n kindly reviiwd by Sir An:hi)«ld 
&--ikio.) T. i?. 

LOGOAN, DAVID (1<B5-1700?). artist 
and engraver, wa8 bom at Daiuig in UIAt. 
It is said, but on no very certain authority, 
that he leantt engraving in l^enmark fix>m 
Simon van den !*usse, and in Holland from 
llendrik UondiuK.and thut hefollowi^ llon- 
dius's two sons 10 England. Tike daleof his 
arrival in England is uncenain, but it must 
have been before 1653, if Venue be right in 
aiwigning bis enrlie.t^t purtraii Tn that vear 
(Walpolb. ed. I>all«wtiy. v. I6f.). In IG&i 
he was n-xiding at NullVild.near (.bcford.and 
hud made the Bcujuaititouce of ^Vuibony & 

Wood. In )660(30Man^)hewiuap[K>int(Kl 
engTsviTiu iliv iiuivt'r»itT or Oxford, with an 
utinuu) Hulary of 'JOg. In or »bout 1071 he 
married a daughter of Kobert Jordan, esq., 
of lu-ncoti! llall in. OxfordRhire, by whom 
lie hiid fit li-nr<i oii'^ (wti, John l^^ggan, who 
tn auricula tod at Trinity Collugv vn 20 Au;^. 
16d6, bving then abctcdi T«ars old. lie u 
di'scrilfd (W 'eon of David l<oman of Oxford, 
pt-iitleiHaii (//merrMw).' Williuni [>oggiinor 
Oxford, wh(> ubuut ItJSl puLlisht-'d uaatlrical 
print on Fntlier IVters nnd the jesuita {Sn't. 
•l/un. (.'at. Satircfi, i. (H^(), wa* pnibably an- 
other twn. }ly tliMtiaih [.opi^iii waft rt-Hidiiig 
la Uolywttll. Ill tb« folluwlug yvar (1672) 
he 8iiMoriln'*d the articles of religion, and 
matriniilatpd, pmhalily fnr Ibe purtiasM nf se- 
ciiriDf;^ llie |irivilfj:;e.* of nii:'ni!hentlii[i of the 
uuircmly. In 1076 he wa« natunilised u 
an Englifthman, 

The illiistrat«l brmM, itsimUy n^fcmid to as 
Lo^uu'b firsl work. apjjeanjJ in lti71. It is 
entitled ' U*.'Vt'n.'iidi^ , . . Doctoribus Aca- 
domiio 0\onii-nHL8 litre 'luintuiu Ordiniiiiii 
[jtir] Hahituuimiue Acfldemiforiim fsem- 
iiloriu . . , U,D. Gcorgiua Edwards, l'67-l,' 
Th(?rrtHretw<'lveplau-»; l.titlo; "i. ApAd^'mifl} 
ProcMiici'lIariiuciiin Ht-x Ik-dvUia L't viiyiffiro | 
{inDeutitibiis (a foMinciilato oc^^iiyyinft thu I 
space of two I; 3, Ss, Tneoloffija Doctor ea 
tf>(ja coroinea indutim qua iiolfrnTiioriiin in 
Acttdcmia convt-nliium cek'britBtftn colio- [ 
ncstjirf wiWt; 4. Ss, Tlieolofjiffv Doctor eo 
Ilabltu cut.-otn4>fi quo It-mporu miiiii» »olonni ^ 
iiidutusappart't; '>. Doctor in Jlwlicina Topa 
ordinaria indiitiis eui yer oiniiiji oonformis ' 
esi ea rjiia iilnnt.iir DoctnrpK in Iiirs Ciiiilij 
tf. PrChCiirnlur; 7. Artiuin Mnf;isfer; K.Com- 
menaalis §iipcrioriti urdinls ; l). Artium Bao 
rnlaumta; 10. Comnu-nsaUs iiitmoris or- 
dinis; II. .Iiins-Pruclfnlia! studioeua aon- 
ffraduutuH; l:^. St:rvii.*us. Xo engraver's iULm« 
appears on any of tbt; pUtcs, tiud they aro 
BstrilHid to I^figKn on ttie evidprni! of stylu 
only. If tUi» Fucrirjtian be iNirrncI, it la ra- 
moTkublti that Wuod, wbusv diaries contain 
many rv-fon-ncos to Loggan, nhoiiM niiver 
raL-ntion ibetn. A K'tiwantinft tlio title) ie 
in tlie print mom a( iho Dritinh Miiaeum. 

In 107C JLiOggan pubtidied: 'Oxonia H- 
Inatrnta. »ivf> omnium citfhr'rrimn? istiijs 
lTnivuntilnti»C(>IU-^urum, Aulariini, Diblto- 
t!iBfj« Doillfianin, Srbolariira ruhlicarum, 
Tbontri Shfldoninni : nee noa I'rbis totiuw 
ScJ*nofrmphin, JVIini-avit. i:t. «citlpi«iT Unv: 
l^.OKRttnlliiiv.Oxim.CIiali-ofp'apbaB. Oxcinin;, 
« Thealro Sli-fldoniano A"" D"' MDCI-Iiv.' 
Wood records that cbis bnohwfts ' not printpd 
in tbL> 'HwaftT, but in his [Ixiinjan's] own 
boiiftp in HnlvwcU.' It ooiiluinH fiirly ]ilsti.4, 
toacb uxtuudiug over two SoViv pag^ ; vix. ; 

two general views of Oxford (occupying s 
ningle ^ate), ■ plan of the city, a plate 0( 
acad«aucalcnstittnes,Bnd tbirty-M^venTiewi 
of collects, Iialb, and public buildtugs. Tha 
extnuirdinnry amount of accurate detail in 
tbfm' vii-w.^ iuiijlies an vqiiallyvxlraordinaiT 
exiR'iidit urt> of time in preparing for ibeir 
publication, and in hi« preface (in I^lin)be 
expreaaiy aay^ that I he work had bi>en ' Vmg 
expected, and l>L'gun Kovcral yunrs botm;. 
That (sucli was the ca»^ may be provo<l from 
other Bonrces. In ICSo (14 Oct.) Wood 
notes: * I^nt the olrl map of Oxon ['pnA, 
Apu*'^ to Mr. David Lopgnn;' and in 16CB 
(4 May), drecribing the reception of th« Dalle 
of Tuscany, 'likewiite D. I.«ft«n, the Univ. 
i-cul()tnr, preitented hint with the liiug*'! pic- 
ture in white Mttti-n of his owne drnugbt, 
and with the sight of his cuts of ili« ool- 
leffca.' The same authority tflU uk that 'thLi 
map or plotforme of the I'niveriit y and Cit»e 
of (Jxon wtu miuttlv drawnu by tbe hand^ 
with a peiicill, of David Loraan . . .anno 

The 'Oxnnia llhistrata' was evidently in- 
tended aa a comp^uiion to Wood'e ' Ili.ilory 
and Antiquities of tliw Univemty of Oxfonl,' 
piiblighed in 1874, for the table of coQtenU 
gircs, oppaniln to i"arh plate, 8 reference to 
the page of that, work when- the history of 
tbi>bui)din|r riipre«fnl«d is to be found; and 
t be I wci boolts were given tojrel her by the uni- 
verfiiiy to diHiiniriimht-d visitor*, e.g. 1 Jane 
ltJ76, to thv Pniieu of Nuuhurg, of wliom 
Wood notes thai be ' had presented to him in 
two volumes the Ilismry and Antiquities of 
the t'niversily of (Jxnn, penned by Mr. An- 
thony k Wood, with th<_- cuts.' 

Soon ofii.r the publication of the ' Oxonia 
llluMlruta' Log-gan turned his attf»ntion to 
Cunbridge, where In^ printed in IISTit Wnin'a 
design for the library of Trinity ColU-ge, pro- 
bably wirli lUt- view of obtaining aubMcrip- 
tLOUn. llir libran- ncmuntH for l(!7fl nee 
down : ' To Davi*! txiggan for y* platett, cat- 
ting and 4r»0 Cuttc. . . I'U. 12*.;' and an 
entryin l(iSH)-1 'formt'iiding. . .thechainber 
wherD Mr. Ijiiggan's I'reM eiIooiI fiirm<.-rly,' 
fbows that he tind beitn providcnl with a 
workroom in Trijiity Collego. In 1076, how- 
BVer, he resided in I ,ondon, where lie bad a 
hQUM m l^iccsUT FieJilH ( Walpolk, ed. IW- 
laway, r. 1P4), and, artnrding to his own 
Rtaleraent in the preface to his 'Ciuilabrigia 
Dlurttratfi,' he only visited (Cambridge from 
lime to tiinf. 

IIi» nest work is entitled * CiuitabriGrta 
lUustmta, »i\i^ omnium CeleberrimnB inljus 
I'niverNitatiB IViIlegiorura, Aulunim, Itibtio 
thern' Academicie, Stibidarum I*iililieiinim. 
SuceLli Coll; liogalisj nee tiou Tulius Oppidi 




Ichnogiaplua, DL-Uuialotv ft 8ciilptore Div: 
ix)!{g»i utriiiaqoe Amdemin Calcoffrapho. 
QaaLin PropriuSumptiba^Tvpu miiiiaaTitf>t 
Imprcstit Cmit abri^ie.' Tdip worli. ■ pea- 
dmot to Ibe ' Oxauia Illiistrnta,' coDtains 
twea^r-eix views of Cftmbridtre, onv of Ki«ii 
CoUsgit, a plan of Catnbridpe, ft plntt- cnn- 
tainfiig two ffrrneral \-ii>ws of i 'ambridi^, Kud 
m portrait of Cbarlnt, duhe of Somer^^t , chaTt* 
ri^Ior of tli*> uui\er»ily. Thore is no date on 
lh« tillij-piig*, bwt itU not difficult to dia- 
<^Tpr from inUTTiivl frvidenre wbt-n eunie of 
the riews wt-re drawn. Tbe inscription at 
tlin funt of ti w view of Cal harine UaLl spwdw 
of Dr. Ligbtfoot.who died in 1676, as ' Tery 
lately .MiL<tor' inuprrrimi m^MfM-), and does 
not mention his eutccmot. It was tberftfont 
probably drawn in 1676. A eimilar inscrip- 
tion on 'the view of Perabroke noeniions that 
it was taken when Tlio mutter, Nathaniel 
Coga,wasvi(»-chanceIlor,i.e.inl681-*J; Tbe- 
Tiew of tbe BOOth aide of King's Collide 
Chapel in dpdicBl«J lo Pro^'osl !'«««. who 
(lied in 1081 ; tbe view of Tiioily Hall nn<l 
tbe plan of Ca(nbrid)f« are dated l(t8K; 
«t)d taetly, tb« Ti«w of ^Infrdaleiie ColU-gt- 
nentioBii Oa)>riel Qundrinff a» ni&Ater, who 
waa not elected nntil lt)90. Tbi« Kualy#ia 
efaowc that the work waa in pro^reM from 
1676 to 1090. a period which coincides fairly 
■wpII with !,«irpHn's own statement in tbe 

Sirvttcv. that h.- IwmI ' been employed upon it 
or a Bpace of nearly twelve years.' Further, 
Log^u waa not mad« engraver to the uni- 
•remty till 5 March 1090, and tlie account- 
bookii of Trinity and King's set down the 
«ums paid for tbe work in the Bamc year. 
In this year (1 May"! the univentity presented 
Lim with aOl. as & free ^ilt. 

It ift n_'ConWI in Wrtue's 'Diarr' I'Brit. 
Miia. Add. MS. 230l.l9> that *one Kickers 
drew the riews and draft* of the CoUepM of 
bi putiie»bip with bini,and therbolb went 
to Scotl&nd, and there- he drew tlbc views iu 
*The»»rura Scotia?."' Vertne alfloaayathat 
Ijng^nn'n pupil, Knbert >Ybitii[a. V.], uaisted 
bimindrawiiigmauybuUdings. Uowervrtbia 
may bo. Urn coosdeDtioits accuracy, as well 
MM the artistic ability, which chnmrterises 
Loggan's views, cnn hardly Ik- #utlirieiitly 
fmuead. Hv eaabiM one lo wiklk into the 
^UAdr&ng^lM of \b^ collegia, and discover their 
■tyle of arcJiiteeture, Everj' detail of the 
building tbe mnrts. nnd tbe gardens is care- 
fully noted, so that they present not merely 
« record of the anibttecture, but a( the life of 
the period. 

Itoggan WM one of tbe mo«t celebrated 
engraven of portrait of his time, many of biH 
•ognringa oeing done ad vivmn, sueb as 

Kdward Hyde, earl of Clarendon, (jeneral 
Monck, Dr. [aasc Itorrow, Archbiiihop .San- 
croft, and others. Dryduii, eatiriidug vain 
poets, aays : 

And iu tb« ftent of all his Mnwlesa playa 
Makes David Lnggnn crmrn his hcail with bay*. 
lie also drew portnuts on vellum in plum- 
ba^, with great delicaey of touch. Some of 
these are in the British' MuBtmm. lyiggan 
doennot apiiear ever toliavepniiiteil piirtruts. 
Amon^r other plates engraved by Loggan 
were illi]«t rat ions to Dr. Kobert Morison's 
'Plantarum HiiitorialTntversaliB<)xnnien.>fiH;* 
the triuniphiil arches erected in the city of 
London on the coronation of Charles 11 ; two 
views of Stoncbenije, &c. X portrait, drawn 
on vellum in plumluig^) by Itobert While (in 
the print rooui at the Dritltib Muoeitml, is 
stated tobeaportrait of Lofffran. .\ccording 
to Vertiie, 'Itie Pietiirt! of I). I>itg^i>, En- 
praver, drawn nn Vellom with Black Lead 
by himiielf, letat. t?0, 16o5,* was in the poasea- 
sinn of .Michael BurgheTa [q. v."", engraver at 

Ii()p;'^n died at his boiiH!, ' next door to the 
Golden Head,' in'Leiewttr Fields at the end 
of the seventeenth centurT,'. The dates 1693 
and I'tlOarf b<itli given by Vertiie. 

Tho'Oxouia'and 'Cantabnijiiv' wereaflei^ 
■wards rtpabluihed, without date, by ' Henry 
Overton at the AVhite Hors>e withotit Now- 
gatu, London,' with eit F.ngliHh preface. The 
plate of the interior of King's Oollftj^ Chapel 
wa* republished, with the fij'urei* altered, 
and in*criptiiiii* in French anrt Knglioh, by 
'Robert Sliver at tbe liolden Buck in I'loet 
Street." ife also published aJl tlte news of 
Cambridge, much re<!nce«l in sixe, on a >inple 
large sheet. The views of both Camhriuge 
and Oxford apfwar, similarly reduced, in '!)&- 
lices de la Grmde Breiagne," par .1. Beeverell, 
8 voU. l^rno, Uyden, 1707. The * Habitus 
Oxonienaium " wn.^ republished and ' sold by 
I. Oliver on Lud-gul«* Hill, at tbe corner o£ 
the Old-Baily.' 

[Kmmm'fl Levensen Werken der HoUindsche 
en Vliuimsehp K«!«-hi!<)<ir», Svo, Amstiirilam, 
1869; Il«g. of Coiiro(Alii>D, Oxford; IHotftRi's 
Beg. of MsgiUleii Collegn. Oxford, ti. "* ; Wal- 
polt), ed. DKllaway, vol. v. ; Sedgrato'e THct. ot 
Artists, ed. 1878; Onuw-books of tb« CTiiir. of 
Cambridge; Lifs and Times of Anthony i Wood, 
ed. Clark, Tul. li. ; Willis and Clark's Arcbitec* 
rural Hist, of ihc Univ. stid Colleges of Cam- 
bridge, voL i. pp. cvii-cxiii,] J. W. C-K. 

LOOOON, S.\MUEI, (1712-1778?), 

writer, son of Williiun T^oggon of Hereford- 
shire, wns bom in 1712, lie mairiculated 
at Balliol (*oUpg.^ (Hford. on 1»;1 Jan. 1729- 
17''iO, graduati-d i!..\. in 1733. and proceeded 
M.A. in 1736. IK- became curate of Estrop 




knd iSberbonw St. Jobu, near Uulugstoke, 
and on l&Ocl. 1740wue]Bctod luliarof ibe 
firee scbool oT tb» Holy Oho8t ul Buaitii^- 
Btok«. In 1743 he bi^-ame curat« of Stnt- 
flold TuT^s in llampahirp, und on IS July 
1743, thnmgh thfl inHui>ncp nf l^rd Ports- 
mouth witii tlie lorii cbaiiiK'llur, bo wiut iiii- 
Suit«d master of the tnx school of toe 
oly GhoM by letters patent. This ancient 
found&liuQ was at tU« tiiiii>in a ruinous ron- 
ditioQ, and in ITH I^^kkoii hiul thu (^latu: 
■urreyed, and sugpestfd meaus for its im- 
provometit in u 1flUTt« John Kussoll, tb«< 
tuwn clerk of Dnciiifr^tnke, lift presentpd 
in 1744 a petition on the subJ<H:t to Lord 
llardwicke, and aa be allc^d tliat tbo cor- 
poration wrotijfrully wiibhetd certain of the 
prcpsrCj-, he trenied tbe town C'>uncil with 
uuoletice. On 7 Oct. 1745 llie town clerk 
was authorispd tr> T«k« proc*-*dlng« agdinst 
him fnr m'^b-ctini; his diit iifs aa scbnulmostnr, 
but ua tht' Ltihubitnnt^ generally sided with 
Logjron notliing was done. On 10 D&p, 1716 
he was institiiTftii to the rectory of Stratfiiild 
Turgis, \vliic3( he ri'.sijfiiL'd iaNuveinbiir 1748 
on bt-ing iiri'si'iitL'd to the vicarage of Damer- 
ham in \\iltshire by Oeoiye Pitt of Strath- 
fieldsiiye, aftem-ardit Lord Ilivors. Hf dirxl, 
unmarriitHl, at llti.-<inf^t<jkL- about 1778, and 
waa buried by his own de»ir<.', in a fiaw|Nt, 
in the churchyard of Strathfield Tiirgts. 

Lo^gon wa» eccpnt ric in hi* habits, wore 
two Miiris, and drank xtalu beur. Ho col- 
Itfcted a large number of manuHc^nptf:, vrhir^ii 
he otTcred u< th* corporation of Ba«iiijj»toke 
if they would ^ive bim a piece of plftt«, but 
tlii^y dccUnii^d tLu uifue un tliis condition ; 
Uiu m&iiujicriutti pfutaed to hiA n<!phi-w. He 
wrote: 1. 'The Flistory yf the Brolhtjrbood 
or Guild of the Iloly'ihosr in the Ch«po! 
of tint Holy GliosI tit>ar KiLsiiigetoliHt' t^iid- 
iiu;, 17-12,&To; dwlicated to l^ol ITardwicke, 
with lh« iiufge.'iti<jn thar the author waa a 
Ruitabl'> person fiirrlin innnritrshi]). H was 
incnrporatud in a. work on tho Bumu {<LibJHCl 

^uhlinbed anou^inouAly nt Itaoiugntoke in 
ttlS>. I'. * M. forderii Colloqaia,' a verv 
pcijiolar srhorl-bnak, wliicli rvucbed a roiirtli 
edition, J/>ndon, 1750, 8vo,- 2Ut edition, 
London, Ig^tC^bvo. 

rFoster'n Alnmni Oxon. 17t5-18a6; Bmigant 
and Mil]ripd'if Hisl. of BttscDgMake ; I»ggon'ft 
Work*.] W.A.J. A. 

184<il, movii-ian, dfpcpnded from a family of 
French rpfiigcos, was bom in 1780 at Kaisers- 
lanleni in Xhv. PntHtitLati*. His lather and 
grandfathtT wtTc orRftoifitu, and tliv- fonnur 

fnTehimbi.4 early mu^icftlediicinion. Ahoul 
790 he came lo Hngland, and for two years 

at'Udwd tb4 flute and manofort«. He tlieo 
joined a regimental Imnd conducli'd hy ^Vill- 
man, father of thi; ct^^ldbrat^^'d clariucl^player, 
and went with it to Irutand. In 1796 ha 
married Wtllman's daughter, and took t<» 
CDnipoeing for and teaching military bonds 
and t)iH piritiofiirte. On the disbanding of 
his regiment he bocame organist at Westnort, 
(Ni. ^Inyo, and while there mvont«d aniacDina 
called the ' chiroplaet,' daaigned to facilitate 
the ikC)]uirement of a correct poaition of tfav 
hnnd^ on the pianoforte, and aeviMd the iy«- 
tem of music teaching known by his name 
(fur a description of the 'chiroplaat' mo 
ij'ROTE,Dictii>HaryQ/JUtuie,i.Siti). Lo^er'a 
method of teaching was uorel in two i*- 
spectM: till' usLt of lh« HppanUua jiLUinamod. 
and the plan of making aeveral pupils, twelve 
or more, play at the aaiue time on oa UAOy 
piannforteA. The ny»t«m lod to much coo* 
trovcn>y. Miiaii-iaufl in gt^iieral werec^powd 
lo it, but Spobr c.xpreHsed himself in it* 
faTour {Allffemfiw mtmkelUche Zettuiv/, 
1H20), and Snmnel \V«bbe [q. t.J adopted it 
in I^nilon. St^iveral ho^lilu iHimphleta and 
articles (aeu list in Oeove, i. ^7) led to l.><>- 

E'cr inviting tho Philharmonic Society anil 
ndtng musician!) to attend an examinatioD 
of Webb'^'H pupils in London, 17 Nov. 1817. 
The n^eiiUs of this examination are detailed 
in ' .^n .\uthentic Account, etc., by J. B. 
Lnper ' ( I-ondoii, ] 818), which was aQrwered 
by * An Kxpusuru of thp New System . , . 
published by a Committoe of IVofifwors in 
London ' (London, l$]i^). Many pamphlet* 
appeared later. MeaIltim(^, in I8l!l, tho 
I'ruMinn giivvrnmunt invited him to Berlin, 
where he OEtnbliabedachirnplastiichvinl with 
»noh good result* that th^ kin^ AAkud hiu 
to insiputit twenty profrRjtorst, with tho view 
of 6[iri^ading thu sveti-m ovur thu whole of 
IVusflia. He remained three yean in Berlin, 
visiting England at intervals, and in 182^, 
hiiving af^uin^d a €ompet<*npy by the sale of 
bis iiivtrnlion, tho high fees he exacted for 
t!i« U9« of hirt avstem, and his numerous 
clusycH, he- retirea and settled near Dahlia, 
when' be died -27 Jnly lf^(i. 

Ij0^i*.'rarrau)f<;d muoh music for Ihejnano- 
forte, fli)d comiiOiod ^jn&la« and other piecee, 
including an oae for tbe jubilee of lieorge III, 
performed in Dublin. ^^eTe^al works wcr** 
writtun ^iicciallv ft>rhispiiculiarsyfttum,Bni) 
he waa the author of * A Complete Introduc- 
tion to tbe Keyed Bugle,' an inmrument h*t 
Is said to have iuvcutcid. He was nor with- 
out a taiul of charlutnnism : he twtabUahed 
in Dublin a ' chiroplast club,' with a special 
button. Hf remarked to Mamngbi that be 
' contiiderMl himself nii iiiiKtriitiuiiit in thu 
hands of Providvuce for cUangiug the whole- 






«yit«m of rouueal uutruction.' Theee pr»- 
t«iwion.') ir<«m extnTunnt. but lis object was 
IfDOd, aiitl whftt Iw did bus unduiiltieiJIj' hml 
■ beneScial infloeoce on piati'ofortf-tviichiiig. 
thougli bis tyttam &nd ioreatioa ore no 
longer used. 

[Oion M abora, alao it. 161 ; puiipbl«tav &c., 
dUd abore.] J. C. R. 

LOINGSECH (rf. 704), king of Ireland, 
■oeoeeded Fiimcrhta t-leatihocli aa ardrigb 
in 696. His falber wu 0-Iiigiia, grandson uf 
A«dh mac Aitunirt), king of Ireland from 
G68 to oOo. TheliivT mention of bim in ihi- 

u in 072, wbeuhewon a hntlle atTiilacliurd 
orer the king of Ban&gh, co. IXmegaL Id 
000 there was a acrcre inumin. whil« in 
time anfaBeqiumt years plsffuu and famine 
wsn «mdaaic. Too establisbment of the 
Cain Adhamhnain, which extMoptcd women 
bom militury M-niev, look plurt- iii Iiin ri-iifn, 
and may have been a re»iult of these mi»for- 
IUDa». In 701 Loing>ech led a plundering 
«xp«dition into Connniight. Ontlsrb mac 
RagfaBllaw;h,kinguf ConnAiit;hl,nn uRixIiniut 
whose innnnities had bm-ii &atiri''ed by tb« 
poeta of Loionecb, aMeubled his tribes and 
led tbem to battle in hiii chariot with Mich 

afiril thai LoiiiKKM'b ami hi* (btv<.' sons wcru 
ain- The battle vtaa foug-bt ut Curanti in 
ibfr north of OjoiuiUKlit, and was cvlebrated 
in a satirical poeni Wgirming, 'Biua adhoigh 
i ooorann, baia uacht, basu, omum,* of which 
tils best version, obnoualy an ancient one, is 
■D 0. fragin<*nt of anoalo preaeired by Mac 
Firbi#igb (O'Uosotas, Tkret />w<rm«nf«,pp. 

rAsula Bioghnchu Rire«nn. i. 29S-303 ; 
CDonuTan's Annals uf l»l»ad aad Tbras Frag- 
bivdU; Annola I'bidh, (mI. H«nnMiy, i. I5'i; i 
Book of J)*Uymot«. foL 62; B. Flaherty's 
Oicypn.! N. M. 

(ir>63J'-100**i'), i>ool,wa»lhird»oii(»f Hi-nrv 
Lok, a IfOndon merLi-r {ft. 1&71). bvhis wif« 
Anne Vao^bsn. The latter is doul>tles'i th« 
• A. L.,' i.e. Anne l>ik nr I^orke, who trans- 
Ial4-d into KuKli^h vvn-L! C'nIiin'H * Sfrmons 
upon the Song that EzM:hi&« made after be 
bad been nick and alHicted by the Hand of 
Ood ' (Ijoulon, John liaye, )>V>()). At the 
eloae of tliu book a frvnh litk-i>nK*MntnK]tMM» 
*A Meditation of a penitent SiuntT, written in 
mannerof ai'araphniH>Bf)<T ibe.'jl pNiilmof 
Oavid.' A cnpv of the volume b^'Ionged ta 
Bri|;bl,th« boufc-cotlector.and oiint(uni?d tbv> 
inscription'Liberllenrici I'Ock i-xdonoAnti*> 
nxohssuielCoO.* Michael Lok [q. v.] tbetro- 
Teller waa the paet'ii unclf>, and nir WiiUani 
Iidk^^.V-^wubiflgraiidialheri Michael Cos* 

worth [q. v.] was his cousin. According U> 
Wood,Lokspentsome time in Oxford between 
his dixteenth and twenty-first year, but doea 
noL8«n»m lo have uatriculattnl in thu uitiwr- 
sity, and certainty took no degree. Wood 
atalM tliat an leaving Oxfonl he went to nourt 
and ' was received into th« patroiingB of a 
noble Maecseoaa.' In ICdl he coulribut«U 
a eoDoet. to th« ' Esaajea of a l*renticc,' by 
James VI of Scut.lnnd. In the years follawiug 
I^kseeniHto bavi>be<>n a [H^rsisti^Rt {H-t.itit>n<T 
for place about the court. Earlj-iii 1&97 he 
wm.uct'ordingtobigownnccount, encouraged 
by the CuuDt4<sA of AVnrwick to make apuU- 
cati'm to Sir Itobert Cecil for ' some |>eniuon^ 
till ut of&ce or forfeiture muy fall lo my re- 
lief Early in IWW be petitiomvl for rlie 
' ooUectorBbip of Devon.' On tf June ll>98 
he begged (br the appointment of keeper of 
the queen's bears ana maatiffij. ' It ie better 
to l>e a bear herd,' he wrote, 'than to ho 
bailed daily with great ox i: la ma Lions for 
amall debts.' Lok's appeals resulted in lus 
obtaining some confidential employment. In 
\'iM), when Cecil made him n present of a 
gelding, ho spunt the spring at Bayonn» 
and the neighoourhood, collecting political 
gossip, lie was likilled in cipher, but his 
real in mt'king * inlelligence ' f xjio-ied him to 
the bu^^itile Buspicion»of lheiuliDbitaiJt»,and 
at one time his life seems to hare been in 
iiinaier {Slate Papf^r MSS. I>ora. KUi. eclxxi. 
9t, l:iA, "^73). A year latiT be was living 
in the Strand, and sueni£ to have fallen iiilU' 
bad repute with Cecil, whom be vainly im- 
plored to employ him again in secret service 
at foreifrn ports. In March ItSOll he wn-sirn- 
prisoned as an insulvuut deblorin the West- 
mineCer Untohouse. and in Mnv lHOf^ he was 
aimilarly sititnted in the Clink in Souihwark. 
Piteous (LpjMwU for relief Ui liisoLd protector, 
now Earl of Sali»hury, seem to luve boea 

Irfik married Ann Movie of Cornwall, and 
liAd two »ou», Henrv, born In l>>y2, and 

In 1593 Ilichard Field obtained a liccnso 
to print a work entitled 'The Brat Parte of 
Chri.-<tiftii 1'A>^4ii:ini>, eorit<-ynin^e a bundretl 
SoDitets of Meditation, Uiimiliation, and 
Prayer.' No copy of thin book is now ex- 
tant. In 1607 ({jchard Field printed ' Eo- 
cle»i&sticuti, otherwise called the Preacher, 
compendiou&ly nbridired, and also paraphria- 
ticallydilaled m KngliMb I'oesie . . . composed 
by li. L, (tentlpman. M'bereimto are an- 
lie.xed aundrie Soih-Ia of Christian Passions 
heretofore print*-*!, and now corrected and 
angmentiNl, with other affeotioimi'.* SonelH 
of a feeling Conscience of the Mune Authors' 
(^ Loudon, -Ito). 

The whole work i» »le<licaTt?d by 
<jiie(!ii EliEabelti. An addreAs lo toe Clirix- 
ti&n roaii'-T, ill wliicli lie rofcre familiarly to 
•-arlier unniphrdscji of ' EccK'siasto^ " hy K«ui, 
Trt'iut'llius, and others, is foUnwtd \iy coiii- 
reen<Jatory versoa, incliulinff «otuw in Lfttin. 
fcy John Lyly.ain] others in English by 'M.C,' 
I.e. Mt(>hftr>I (.'oswnrth, holt's cousin. Iiok's 
verws-nrndmiLft of ' Eccli'Hifti-tt's'is wry poor, 
and U mitlH unn-ada-hle, rarely riiUQ^ abOTe 
li'igjn^Pel. With it lire printed 'Sundrj- 
Psjilini* n{ l>nvi<), tri»n.4«t«d into Wnw' as 
ljrio0y uiiii sign i liaintly as the scojiu ol' the 
Te.Tt nill suffer." Thane effortji are no more 
.Niiccvssfiil, and justify Wartoii'c dew;ri])tion 
«f Lok'siiathe Hngli«li Mji'viij*. Ixik's wnrks, 
^Ike th'iHL* of TlioiiLiu^ Iludsun [q. v.\ arv dt*- 
ftcribed in 'Tlie Itoiurne from rarnaeaiw ' 
<1001> aa fil *to lie in some old tiooka 
Hinongfil. old Ixiot.s ant) 8htitis'(ed, Marray, 

5. 80), fiat lAik'a fionnets, which lira intro- 
ucea by a aepurste tltle-pa^e in tb« ' Eccle- 
«iaatirua ' volume, thniigh pmsaip in fixpre«- 
flion, Jire fiiilof Irrvfitt pifty. Two liiiudred 
tutti four Irtrut of the Christinn paM^iom, nod 
<hew are succeeded hy 102, entitled 'Sundry 
Affortionnt^ Soni'M nf a fwlinff Conaricncp, 
Rnd chi> eavnv Ih^me is purauL'd in u fiirCliRr 
«equ6DCe of twunly-two, entitlisd 'Pcculiiir 
IVayerfl.' Copies of Lot's volume arc ia 
the. Rrituih Museum, thf BodK-ian Library, 
Bridsewatvr IIuusg, and in the pns)u.--<«ion of 
Dr. Clrosart. The Ihrw la.'-t copies contain an 
appendix of sisty swular soiini-l-s, addressed 
to tlip noblcnipn Rtid nohtHWomen, and higli 
officials of EtimbL'th's court, including iudgiit 
and buho[)s (W'liitgitt. nnd Ti>hy Mattnewof 
Diirfaani). Dr. Lanct-lulAndrt-wi's, Sir Walter 
]UIe)^, Sir John Norrie. (Sir Francis Vcre, 
>iir Edward Dyer, and Fiiiki^ {"Trfl^-illH arp also 
conimBmora(.«d. ThL-SL'ri^-s conL'liideawilh a 
coonut addrt-^MHl ' to all other his buuouru.blu 
nnd beloved frit^nds in ffciieral.' Dr. Drosart. 
rBpriiitad oil thei>R eionnct», t/igclhiT with 
the on» prefixed to Jamoa VTs volume, in 
h\» 'Miscellanios of tho Fuller Worl.hiea' 
Library,' Vol. u. I8"I, Lok aUo contributed 
■commoiidatnrv vprw>« to ("oxwortli'f rendei^ 
iiiCoftheP«a3ni»^, in Ilarleian MS. 0908. IIt< 
lias been erroneously ideiililied with iha 
niithor of a poetical volume called 'Of Love's 
Complaint* with thpI^ogT'nd nf Orpheus and 
Euridice,' London, bjB?, limo. 'llic dedica- 
tion 19 sioned ' 11. L.,' but. tlLwa initials fire 
those of Uumfirey Lovnu, th« publiitliL^r. 

[Br. OrofBrt** Uvnair in the reprint nniit-od 
above; Cullier'§ liililinj^phi-ml AMOimt, i. 47fl. 
494; CftLfiuitfl Pitp«r», Horn. l.W7-](W8; A.ldit. 
Wi. 34489, ff. 381 tieq. (Hunlcr'a tUAtiavcripl 
Choiufl Vatittn'); Bridra'aBcatttuta, i. ti, ir. 
S92 ; Wood's Athene Oxon. Sod ed. \. 289, and 


•ij. JIUm, i. A81-3 ; Wnrtipn'ii h^lish fo^trr; 
Ritiions Bibl. Poet.] S. L.' 

LOK, MICIIAEL (/. 1615>, tniveUcr, 
wa* a vonngcr son of r>ir William Lolc [q. t.I 
Aocordinjito memorials prcRentud byMioliael 
Ijcik in li»r6 and on tJfi May lii77 ( Oil. State 
Paperg. Eiut Indit»>, he wan kept at evhool 
uiili! Io4.'i. whi-rj hpwa« thirt^-t'n. His father 
tlivnik'nt him to Handera and Franco. After 
heinfi H^vf'Ti vfart' in Flanders he went in 15&f 
loSpnin, following hisboniieMUamerchaiit, 
nnd tlteri^nnd at Litbon had opportunities 
of scvinu' ' the marveUous groat trade nf the 
Spanish We-(»t Tndiffl.nnd the preat traffic 
the E«8t Indies.' Diirini twenty-four j' 
'lie travelled throHfrh almost aM the countrii _ 
of CUrii^liaiuty.'aud waa'captaioof a ship of 
one thoiLsand tons in di%-era royaffes ii * 
Levant." He also studied Listory, laugu 
and 'nil malteraappertainini; to the tnd 
tncrcharil», and speiit mon; than *iOO/. in fa' 
map#, chartt), and iustrutnentfl.' IIi» 
is corrobomtcd by Hakluyt (Diver* J' 
(o.-lm^TiW/, Ilakliivt L^oc.,p. l.**), who. 
of hiui as 'a manl'or his kunnledgfitt 
languages, and especially in cosmograpUT, 
able to do hLi country pood, nnd worthy, in 
my judfrment, forihe inanifnlil goodparta in 
him, of }{ood ivputatJon and betl(.-r hirlune.' 

In the course of his many voyapta be had 
ftln'iidv made tho aequaintniio? of Martin 
Frohis^nT^j. v.], and in l.'wtJ entered warnily 
uito the aclieiUH for the voyag^e to the north- 
west, supplying many of the neceeaariM at 
hLi own coat. Wien the Cathay Compuiy 
wft.>* fnrm^-d in Mun-h 1577, Lok wna sp- 
uointed governor for six yearn. Tlie venture, 
Iiowever, entirely failed, and in Jannarj- Ifi79 
he had to |i>'tition the privy ["onncil for 
relief and afwistaiLcti ( Cnf. State I'li/n-rft, East 
Indies). For iho pa«C tbreo year*, he wTot«, 
he had taken charge of all the busiiie«9of 
Fmbisher'a voyages; of hie own rannov he 
had expended Rome 7,50(M„ 'all the k<kk1s ho 
had in the world, whereby himself, his wife, 
nnd fiflupn children are left to bep their 
bwad.' On ihia iietitimi 4!MJ/. was allowed 
him in FeWuary To79; but in June K»8I ha 
was af^in ]>etit ioninj? the pri\T council, Ijeing 
n prisoner in the Fleet, condemned at the 
Milt of Witlinm Bomiipli to pay 200/. for ft 
riUiphuught furFrL'bi.tber'islaat voyoj;{«,' which 
is not the petitioner's debt,' He was alao 
bound for a debt of nearly .^,000/., 'Millowing 
by llie company of ailventurers,' lie was 
still [H'titioninir In November, when he had 
been six months in prison (i£. pp. 63, 70). 
Of hia releiLW there is no account ; but hi* 
doi'fi not aeem to have recovered hid money, 
nnd ait liLte as 10l4-lo he wa>i still bein^ 
sued for a debt of '2001. due for storea sup- 



plisd to Frvlnslier'» »liip« (Krc^Hfuer Dtertn 
Md Orifer», V2-I3 Jac. I). 

In 1687-^ Lok wa^ in l>uhUii, and in \i>^'2 
Wnt out Ui Alfppu imder bu viigaprmcnt 
■a eoDSul for the L«rant (.'ompitny Tor tour 
yt*n. After two yfiars, Kowl-vit. tlio *u- 
pointmvnt wu tmmmarily cancelled, liy tbu 
tntriffues — as Xjo^ BJHwrttd— of oo< Dorrin^- 
toD, in the employiuent of Sir John Spfnwr, 
ald«-nian of I»mion {AddU. MS. 1:J4J*7 ; 
Zach&n- \mV io Cecil, 5> Dw. \'^. in Cal. 
Static Paper/, Dom.) Me claimed the full 
amount of hia salorr for tlio four years ; but 
ill 15W hf WHS fltirt claiming it, nor does it 
appear lliul Lt- wat* ever paid. lu 1603 Lok's 
foa }Uchar>* died, b«()u««thinR; him his aval, 
bi» black coat lined wHth piuith, and alt hla 
books <>n L*9 June 1008 Lok wroto to the 
Earl of Sulishury, M>jiding bim mlelligence 
of the warlike pr««arationp of tbo king of 
Spain (t'A. ), and in IHU-15 be wns still de- 
fmoding an action nit to tbu dvbtxof tbc Catbar 
CoapaoT. Ue wad then «igbtr-thr««, and . 
doubtless died sbonly oAcrwanu. 1 

Lok marrii-d. first, Jrwin, daucbler of WiU 
liam AN'ilkin&un, sborilf of I^niion. She divd 
IWl, leaving seT^ral children, of whorai'ight 
u« Qam«<l in her will idstod (t Ft-I>. I.*i70 I, 
prored by l^k (t A|irii 1571). l\a mwrii-d, 
■eootMllyj MaiT (or M»irj;p»ret), daughter of 
MarCia Parient. treasurer lu the army in Ire- 
land, widow of CfPAar Adi'Imare^fi. 1^30), and 
motbfTof Juliu*tVisur q. v.] ihe judge. In 
1&79 Lok deKcnhc'd bim'Htlf, in his petitioiu, 
■a baring a wife and fifteen children. An 
Maav, * An couTcnicnAait Matrimooium inlt-r 
PoetUara et Sc^nem ' < Add. MS. I I'.VKi), which 
hewrotp in 1583,iuiu^ht bf thought 10 imply 
that be waa meditaciiig a third marriage in 
hiaold age. B«KideslhiHe%«Ar,he Iratiplattnl 
intn Enf^iafa part of Pet«r .Marlyr'tt ' n iMoriu 
at the West bidiea,* which was'piibliibed in 
1612. LoVtnameiabcrcspeUasneiignodit. 

[AatbficitiM in the text : aotrs and ref«r«Dc#s 
iDadlyoomatBiiimted \,j Mr. W.Nocl Sniosbtiry 
aad Hr. O. I^. CoUrut,] J. K. L. 

LOK, Sir WILLIAM (!4HrV-IM0),lx»n- 
don merchant, was sun of Thoman lx>k, 
nprrrr of L.oudou, and grandfloa of John 
l»k. »h.riff of London in 1460 (cf. will of 
Zacharv l^ok. IADS, in Somerset TlouBt>). 
From (hf grandfathiT alw diwoeodcd John I 
Luckv, mayor of DriMol in l&t^, who wa« 
*a tort of coiuin' of tb<> father of John 
Ijockc [(). v.] the ]»hil"*opher. William was, 
like bis father, bn>u(;hl ui) tt» a nu-nr>T, and 
bweam««woin mercer undngi'iu To llenry VIII 
beyond the »ea». In May 1.V2V be supplird 
mocb cloth iif silviT for ihn qnivn s usp 
(Henry I'lJf* letter* and I'ltprrii, vol iii. 

rt. i. p. S&S), to 1521 h« Bffured antong ihc 
(uke of Buclfiogham'a creoitora (li. vol. iii. 
pt, i. I), l-jm). On 7 .Mareh liiifJ 7 b.^ re- 
ceived a liceiiM to import cloth of gold and 
silver, silks, and jewels for the king, and ta 
Xovember 1.127 Bupplied stof& for the court 
revels. In I>'i29 and tbo following yvnn bur 
»pent »oue time on busiueiu! at ncrgfO-o[H- 
Zoom, and from that town und from Ant- 
werp sent many inten-sting lettprsof intelli* 
gpncK 1i> Cromwell orthe km;; belwi^ti 
and l&'t?. While on busiuMa at Ilunkirktn 
I>ocember I&'IS he pulled down the papal 
bull eJtcommuiiicaling Henry VIII, a >ia>r\-ioo 
which the king acknnwlt^dgvd by giving him 
lOO/. a year, and making him a geatlvman 
of ihtt privy chamb^T {(liniTOX, Ciron. p. 
1:^3:^; I{RAM£ro.>, AutiiliitM/mphif, pp. S-9). 
Tlenry atao showed his n-gard for liim by 
dining with him at hie houio. In 1636 h» 
resided * in Cb)^HpRido, at the aign of tbo 
I'aOlock.' On 2« Dvc. l^tT lie was Rmnted 
by IXenry part of the pooseetiions of ' KIsyng 
Spittell. He became an alderman of tbe 
city, and was elected sberifT in 1&48, wben 
\w was knighted. Un 10 Oct. 1>*>49 he 
rode in the prooi<«»ion convL-viug the Duke- 
of Somerset to the Tower (Wriothmuet, 
i'hnmifteK, ii. 27). \\v died in hi* houae 
ill Bow Lane on 24 Aug. I'ViO, and was 
buried on the :f7tli in the Slercun,' Chapel in 
the church of St. Tlioma« Acres (Machvw, 
Diary, i 'M.^). He married four times: ill 
AlicpSneiuHirl J,ir»:?:*l; (2) Calheriiio, daugh- 
ter of Williiim Cooke of Siilisbiiry (</. MOct. 
ir>:i7,ftnd burifvlaiSt- Martin Abljey .Surrey! ; 
l3"l Elinor, widow of Walter Mftrsh*!*/. 1 i^4ft) ; 
and (4) Elizabeth {d. \h^\\ widciw of one 
Ilattcn and of Robert Mermlitb succesaivaly. 
Hilt fourtlj, like hitt Hr^t, wife was btiried in 
>It-rwn«' Cluipel (cf. MiL'llVS./>Miry, pp. li*, 
323). He left i«au» by his first two wivM : 
by the ftrvt, eight aona and one daughter, 
and by the second five sons and five daogli- 
tors. Michael Lok [q. v.] and Henry I^k, 
father of Henry l>ik [a. v.] the poet, werw 
MD9 of the second marnsge. 

of Jobo Locke; 0»iil. Ma^. 17UJ!. p.79V; Kibff'a 
Life of Locke; J>eUrr> aiwi Papen oflleDry VIII ; 
Dr. OroMit'* HcmtMr of Henry Lok in Poller 
WorlhiW HiscellHuiai, vol. ii.] S. L. 

rsLO {d. IbUI). [Sen Gilbebt, M^lbie 

LOMBARD, DANIEL (167d-I740>. 
divine, Iwrn at Angers 10 April Hj78, w»» 
ilie cMfst Btin of the Iter. John l.rfimbard 
(Frenrb pmlcfiiant miiii<<tifr in .\njou, whi) 
left Franco through the ruvucatiou of tbe 




«dict of Nantes, became minister in turn oT 
«0VenU French churches in Ijondna, and divd 
in 1721) and of KnuiciftCrt, liis wife. He wim 
tuitiiralisod in Englaatl in Januarv 16S7-ti. 
On 11 Sept, 1689 hp pntenjii at "Mi-rcliant 
Tflvlors' School, I^mdoti, and remained tlitfTH 
uiitJlhi«t.-lrt:tiiitilnSt.Jtilin'!iCVille<!;i-, Clxforcl, 
y*hL-r« lit) matnculatiKloii 7 July 1094. In I he 
aameyar ho was ijlL'ct-pd scholar ofhis cnili-ffi', 
And in 1BS>7 bn iibtaiiwd a ffll(JW§Uii>, wUich 
he Eidd until U March 171'^. llavinj^ been 
ordained duscoTi byCompt^n, bishop of Lnn- 
■dan, on 2'3 Mny 170(1, and urit'sr. on t* Jtin. 
170O-1, Ut' wim apjiuinlud c[ia[itiLin at llau- 
•ovvr to Princeas Sophia aud the embassv. 
Hisdemea were B.A. 17 May I6!>S. M.A. 
hv di|ifomii, while ftbsi'Hl abroad. 1(J March 
170l-:i,RD.a6 April 17(18, and D.l).23Atiril 
171t. Aftertht; acctf«aiou of Geora« I, Lom- 
faard was made chaplain to the iVinct'ss nf 
Waleei, and mi '21 FV^tt. 1717-18 he wiih iii- 
HtitutL'd to the riwtury of Latitt^lod with 
Advent in Comwal], This living 1h> h<?ld 
until hia death, hut for a Ur^P part nf that 
time he was iion-reaident. Many sUiries 
wtTu curn-nt. in th« county of ins learnioff 
and siroplicicy. and he is said to have re- 
mained thruu^^huul lifti u ftn^iKner t(j Ku^;- 
lish cu.4toinM. Thi- rectory contains th<y li- 
brary and portrait which wt-r^ bffiueal hod by 
hiiTi to his sunci'snors, and in the prnlintt^ 
re^><try olBcuat Dodinin iiia small boukcon- 
t«inin^ a hnt of thi> worki) in the ci>llt>ction. 
He died tit CBamlforJ on HO ])ec. 1746, and 
vaa buried at liwrncgloson 'J Jan. 1740-7. 

Loruhard'snublicaliunswere: l,*ASt;niioii 
pnmtih.'d af llanovir before the late Princesa 
tiofhia.' 1714. '2. ' Comjuiraison dew dt^iix 
hiatoirttsdrt M. do .Me7eray et dii pire Daniel, 
Amaterdam, aux d6[i<-n!< dt: In Coui|)a^iiie,' 
172;). 3. ' SuccincT Ilisinry of Anci^-nt and 
Modern Pcrriwcutiona," 1747. Thu composi- 
cion of this work was suggealed by thii n^- 
vnliitinuot' 174-\ IT« contributed strictiirps 
iipOQ Aijuimi*. and some obaervatioim on the 
tlemaitd for ii kin^ by the Umoliiesto bis 
frtend Gregor'H edition of Fi.>rte!*c«o, ' Ite 
Laiidibus Legmn Anpliw' li-d, 17''i7,pp. IH- 
21, H-i-tS, miJ AddiMiilu, [i, 3), and Iiif corn»- 
»ponileiu'i! wiUi hia frittnd la said Iw be etill 
preservi-d at the family aeat ofTrPwarthonJck 
in Cornwall. 

[MaeiMu'i TriffB Minor, ii. 306; Robinson's 
Xsrchauc Taylors Hohnjol, i. 324 ; WiWn'n 
Morchniwt Taylore' .%sho<d. L S94. 4I1-H. ii. 
liOS; iJotuw and Courtney's Bibl. Comnh. i. 322, 
iii. 12'"9; BoBses ColliwU Coraul. p. A»8 ; 
AgnvvtiPr'-t^iUAnt KxilM. *H, 18H6, it, .'iS,3Q5; 
Gent. Mag. I'4T, p. 47; 88p1 Rrp. Roy. In.Htiit. 
of Cornitail, I A" I. p- xxxiii; I'svi^* GilUrt'* 
CornwaU; I-'oaltr'* Alanini Oxoii.j W. P. C. 

lioman catholic prelate, fton of a merchant 
at Wa-terford, studii-d for «>rne lioie mider 
Cntndon at Westminster (Wool*. Ativrta 
Onm. ed. DHm, ii. ft41). Proceeding to the 
iiniversitynf I.oii%iiin, he there i^nuluaied in 
li>75, gnin)^ nut ii» firKt in Ibe ttt^hocil of ut«, 
and on 30 Au^. 1>j94 he waa created D.D. 
(, Fiuti Aiytdftnici Loranitnttx, ed. 
l<(.'>0,p. VAQ). He obtained a canonry in the 
colle^fialc church, *Sidenenais,' iu the diocoH 
of Toumai, aud was alao appointed prorcwt 
of the cathi'dral of Cntnhrai. On fl July 
1601 thR pope nppninted him archbiAfaop of 
Anua^^lL and pnmut<! of all Ireland in auc- 
cession to Edmund AlaicQaura. Tho pall wu 
granted to bim on 14 I>l>c. UWl, aua he was 
nlluweil to retain poRse^'tioD nf \\\a ecclaaiaa- 
tical pn;fermeiil8 in Belgium i'Bbadt, Epi- 
fropat Siitwvwun, i. S'2i). In lfil4 be wa* 
pcrviinnlly no I iced by Jamt-it T, in a ^peedi 
from till* throne, iis n disturber of the govern- 
ment (AntJioloffia Jliberniva, i. 33). Ilewu 
residing at Itnme in 1623, and died there in 

Ho hLHiiivathud ' his laborious wrilinK« 
and all hia literary irnivells' to Nicholas 
hitiran ofOsaory (BttAlir, ii. .'WOt. 

nij' ptildi.-ihKl workH are: 1. 'Ca«u»cirea 
decri'ttuu OI(*nmntis I'aufti VIII de Sacrm- 
mcntali nrnfiwiono et ahsrtliilionii non faci- 
enda in abnenliB/.'Vntweri), 1624, l2mo. It 
in printed a^^ an opinion in thejeauit father 
Giles Couinck's'Rv-spouaioad disacrt&Liantfm 
impti^nantcm Abs'diitioncm Moribundi aen- 
sibiw destitiiti.' '2. ' Ih* liegno lliliemiie. 
SunrUonim Insula, (^omnientariup; in quo 
prefer fjiiadem Initilfe Hitum, noininis ori- 
^ln<?m ... Hii (.'onntus et Ues a PHnpipe 
(t-N'eiUo ad fidum Catbolicfljn prupu^iindam 
fL'licitor ge^tw coiitinentur,' Ixiuvain, Ut'.t2, 
4lo. On 20 Nov. I63;t, after Iximbard** 
death. Secretary \V'indelw.nk wrott? to this 
l>jrd-depHty StralTord that the king had or- 
dered f he deputy to aiippr^M thia book, and 
lf> call thft antltcir to account for it. 

[Wnre'-i Wrir«ni of Ircihind (Harrial, p. 103 ; 
HriMiAii'H Ecd, llisl.of Ir>-liiud.p.49U: Lowndoa'B 
liibl. Mnti. (ICohii). p. i38^■. Antholozia Uiber. 
nica, I. 119; Moran's Spicdo^'iiim Omorittnsia, 
i. I2«, 137. J T. C. 

LOMBART, PIERRR (1«20?-168I),6d- 
gravf.r, was born in Paris, whL-ru he ia aaid 
to have studied de^l|rn imclt-r Simon Vouut. 
He came to Kn;rland about 1640. and hv nt- 
sided in l^ondoii fyr more than twenty ycaw. 
lie waa InrjTPly employed in engraving book 
illastratiotis, ami his works of that claw are 
nutneroua, the most imp^rlaiu beinff the 
nlatea after P. (.'lein in OuJlby's * VirBil," 
ltl6S,and ' II tad,' 1060, which are favourably 




by Evelyn io lii» * Sculptuta.* ' 
But Tjomhnrt » rapiitMion r«»U oa liia por- 
tr*iM, which. i1k>us:1i somewhut hiinJ anudo- 
flcu'nt in eolour, hsv<! murb merit ; of tii<^M 
bust are ibe twelve balf-lengtbd after 
raodjck, known m '11m Oounteguw,' the 
Eft oonsixting' of tun ludiM of that rank with 
tho yonnp Earla of rnmbrake and Arundsl. 
Hi^ largt^t yHte. an M)ue8trian portrait 
itnitat^'l from Vandyck'^ w«>U-known onm- 
poniliaa of Churles I under an an;b, with a 
pa^ -aubKlituted for M. do Su Antoim', under- 
went curiouD cbaaii«a. It is futDumed ti^ have 
ongioally r^ptrwut^ tti« kinf^, thousb no 
inpmsaion in that statu ii> known, nml the 
bead niU5t have bevn immpdiatoly iilt>?rvtl 
iperbapa before publication) tothat of Oliver 
Cromv**!! ; later it wn^ s^in altered to 
GhJKrlt«, and then oner inon- bi-oatiift Crom- 
welL mberK<^Ku(!liah portraits by Lombart 
aivtboMof Ftob^nWalkerihPMinti'er; Crom- 
well, half l^nfrih with a page.aftf r R. Walker; 
SrSamuel Motvland,b«rt., after Lvly; Brian 
Watwni, D.D. ; J«n*my Taylor (fronti?pie« 
to bia * Holy Liring and U'jtn^,' 1050) ; and 
John Oirilby, alter l^iy (frantiBpieoe to bia 
'Virfpl' above mentioned). Locnbart appears 
to bav* returned to France aoon afi'^r the 
TW«toratioa of Charles II, bis portrait of th*! 
Dacdnnrainmnnt,whirhwafieiigravL>d thnre. 
beiiki? dated 166.1. Durinj; the romainder of 
"hi* life, wbich was pa«9«d in Pana, be exo^ 
cntfd »ome floe portraits of eminent pvi«oiu, 
chiefly FrsDcb, aawell aa ncred sutgecls after 
Kapliavi, Ponssinf Obanpafnw>< >ii<l othera. 
LonbaH died in Paris on 90 Oa. lOSI. 

[Vertue'e rallectiooK in Brit. Mas. Addtt. MS. 
t34;8: W«IpoU'<i .\no^oC«a. 1M», p. 930; J. 
StmU's Uict. of tUiirtarera, 1786; ut'. of tbe 
HutherlaiHl rollection; A. Kinnin-I>idrit'B Les 
Onfton da Portraits «n FmoM, 1875-7.1 

K M. O'D. 
i:X)MBE, Sir THOMAS (IftftS 1730), 
introducer of silk-tbrowitig machinery into 
]'Jiglaiid.o.lde«t son of Henry Lotnlie. worsted 
WMver.of Norwich, waa bom on 6 Sopt. 1 685. 
Tb« father died in 1695, leaving hia eons 
Thomas and John under the care of his ex- 
■vuton, while tbe TODnjrer »anx Tlenjamin 
and John ware to bo brought up by th^ir 
mother, Henry Lombe'H «<ond wifp. The 
fatnilyseem^ to have beeneettlix) in Norwich 
bom a Miry early period, and tbe name occurs 
continually in local recorda. In tbe early pftrt 
of tb» vigfaUwnth century (xnnbe fonnd his 
way to Londoa, whert* he was apprealiead to 
Samuel Totlon. mercer, and was adniittMl to 
ih^'ftvodomof theMercera'Company in 1707. 
In ihe aame year brt became a fn-t^mnn of the 
city of London, and he eventually eHtablished 
hioaelTaa ameichaat. In 1716 be obtained 

a pat«nt (No. 422) for ' a new inrentioa oi 

three sorts of enginF<ji never l>fiforp made or 
used in Great llritainp,oiie t-o wimjo the ftneat 
raWAtlk,aiiothiTtoiipin,and the other to twiat 
the fini^At Italian raw silk into organzine in 
f^reut perfect ion, which was never Mfbre done 
in this country.' A RjM'ciOcattonof the palejiL 
wftA duly en rolled, iu conformity with the OL'D- 
ilirion! of the letters patent, In the petty bag 
olliee, bill the mil wa» lost, and wiw only di*- 
eoven'^1 in |f*67, when lh« epeciticatiou waa 

rtt lime, l^tsbea&y*: *I declare that by 
cuistant applit^ation and endeavours for neve- 
rail vearR pa.-tl, and einplnyiiiK a erent many 
ag«iit'* nnd workmen butii bara and in foreif^u 
part.t, I hnveat very great sxpMiBO and hazards 
found out, (Uscorered, and oronehi iiilo this 

i oo'jntry the art of making the tnnre Capital 
en^nea' taentioned in tbetitteof Us patent. 
The description of the niachini>ry is not very 
clear, and is inl«Tsp(>rH>d with numerous 
Italian technical terras, the use of wbich tbe 
inventor justifies byallegriuf^-that there were 
no Rnffli^h words Jo denote tbe varioua d«- 

, t&ils of «ilk-throwinf; machinery. The imn- 
cipal a^nt employed by I»iQbe was his oalf- 
brot her John ( ope below ), whr., it is said, wont 
to Italy, then ihe pnnL'iiiul neat of th(> silk 
nianufaclure. nnd made himself thnmiiEhlT 
familiar with the varioiw procesfccs. This 
journey has biH-ii represented as a romantic 
enti^rnrise full of danger, and necesaitoting 
the adoptgun nf strataKi^inn and dtaf^lMI for 
itsaccoDip]i.«h[aeal. TbeltalionawBrusaidto 
hare jealoiiiily guarded thfisecret of themanu- 
facture, but it seems to have eacaped notice 
that a very complete drarriptinn of tUe Italian 
sitk-tbrowiuf^ machinery wiun published m* 
early an Ifl<)7 at Padua' hy V. /onca in his 

. * Novo Teat rodi machine,' further edit ionn of 
which appeared in 1621 and I ((Tjti. The book 
contains enaravlnge which show tbe con- 
struction of the machinery in gmtit detail, 
and to an expert ZoncaV iKHik in much more 
satisfactory thitn Ivombe's speciiicjttinn. In 
Xdii'J. moreover, a number of persons bad uii- 
siiceewifiilly |)«titione<1 for leave to be incor- 
jKiratei! into a company for tbe purpose of 
introducing thftltaUan machinery and start- 
ing a taanu&ctorv in this ouutrv (Hvnm 

\ 0]Hee nation Entry Book. IflMI [iA, p. :!93). 
Bat, ttotwilhfltaadin^, the Lnmlten are en- 
titled to tb« credit of ba^nnf^ introtlnced into 

' this country a new and important trade. 
They set up a mill ar Derby in 1719 
(5 Ovo. I, c. 8; CcNNiXtiiifiif, EnffiuA In- 

, duAfty, ii. 350) on an island in Ibe river Der- 

I went soon after the grant of the patent, and 
e»-entiially it became a prosperous coiicerti. 

I Boawell n.*con]s a vitit to the mill in Sep- 




tember 1777 (Mill, Bontett, tii. 1(H). The 
buil'liiijr, D'lw koawQ as tho Old Silk Mill, 
ustiiLin<.'j(Ut«ac«,&iMlu lue^lforiu origin*! 

liombo** pai«nt wu gnwted for fourteen 
yeam, and nstunlly ezpin-d in 173-. but oil 
38 Jao. of tbat year be peticioniMl purltsaiotit 
t<>r ftn extension, alleging tbat be had been 
put ro ^reat expense in intinin^ workmen, 
ajid tbat the Sardinian aulborltiM bad pro- 
bibiCtfii tbc importation of raw silk, ao that 
a Biipjily bad lo tw obtained elsewbere. Tbe 
pL'tiliriu WHO rffurn'd to a committee, and 
eTtdvQce vin» prwluuud showing tbat the ma- 
chin^rrbad rendered the mnnufart urera of 
this country independent of Italy for iUb 
supply of orgimcine^ and that the price bad 
been ^'dtly n.-ducwl. llierv was a con- 
eiderablo oppooition to thv {Mtition on tlio 
pan of thf crttton and warrted Fpinnurs, 
wlio were iJesiruii* of UHing mrtain parta of 
Lombe'a m&chinur}* for making yam, but had 
been preTPDt«d by threats of actions for in- 
fringi^menf. Tlie facts are aet nut in 'The 
Cbi«o of tbi! Manufacturers of WooUen.Linen, 
Mohair, and CoUon Ynm . . .with respect 
to ... a Bill for prtwrving (ind encminigiiig 
a new Invention in Kngland by Sir Thomatt 
LuiuW.' llje dubatti on the bill \a reported 
at *onu' Unffth in * Pariiampntarv History,' 
I7<t2, p. \iZ\, and ia of conalderable inten-i^i, 
Winir tbo tint instance of an upplir-alinn to 
parliarafiit to prolong a puteiit beyond thtt 
(burti^^n years' limit fixed by th(? AUtute of 
moo'ipolies. The potltioiiit und eviduiiL'v Jtru 
given in the ' Oomnifna' Journal.' xxi. 7H2, 
796, i*40. lac. Tlw bill wai thrown out, but 
eventually an act ('> (_i«orgi* Il.CAjp. H) vtm 
paAsod granting a rvward of ll.tKX)/. lo thL- 
invviiTor, one 01 thecondLtioiiH beiiii; lluit hu 
ahould depoBit modi'lx uf bii machiU'erT in 
some public in«itiition. Models wi»r»' nc- 
oordingly placed in the Tuwer, and Ibi-y mru 
mentioned in * An Imprnred Iliittorj' of thu 
Towvr ' ( publislL'-d, without any author'fl 
UHDit;, in I'^loj, but have long Binre dLi- 
ap]i(.'iin:'d. A ko(h1 dvHcription of limbo's 
machinery, with drawings, id given in Baes's 
'Cvclopjeilia," art. '^ilk.' 

fjombt! waRnnaldi-rmanof Ba»si8b8wward 
in Ihi't-ilyof l/>iidiin, nnd was eliodendlnTiff 
in 1727. lltf was ktiigbted on ?* July of the 
tame yeiir. when he aMenrled at <^ourt to 
present a eongmtulntxiry iwldrejiH from the 
citv lo Oeurge II on bi» aceesaion. 

lie ditKi on 'A •Ian. 17>)l> at bis hous? in 
Old Jewry, leaving a forUnio nf fiO.fXK)/, 
(fifvf. .\t»ff. ir.'iH, i». 47), whii'h waa Im.-- 
quL>ath«;d iu eijuul aliares lo hia widow and 
Ilia two dftntrhrors, Hannah and Mary Tumor. 
InluBwUlue dv»trL'>s biswid^iw'at tbc con- . 



eluaion of the Darbv concerns 10 reward the 
princi})al KTrranU there as sh» shall think fit 
to the value of 300L or 000/.' His fUagit' 
ter yiary Turner tnarried on 24 April 1749 
Jaotas^vrntb t-nrlof [^udenlale. Hannah 
marriml in 1740 Sir Hubert Clifton, hart., 
M.P. for Eajit Ketford. Lady Lombe died 
on 18 Nov. IdHiHiA. 1753, p. 541). 

JoHX I««BE (HW»«?-17-'2), r-ir Thomaa'a 
lialf-brotber, bom probably at Xorwicb about 
KIB3, was employed by the latter to proceed 
to Italy and make himself ac<]U"int4.'d with 
the proces^^ of 8ilk-lhrowing. Hl' re- 

ferred to by Alderman Perry in bis speeeb 
in tbo Iloiue of C^iinmoDs when Sir ThoDua 
Lombe'a petition was being di»ruii«e<l as one 
'whose head i» extremely well turned fortbe 
mechanics.' Aecordiut; to the oulv authority 
( William Ilmos. IlUt nf Dfriw, pp. 101- M 
:i?09), John TvturnMl from Italy about 1717, f 
bringing with him some Unban workmen tu 
assifltbtminstartingthenewfactory. Iluttoa 
goc«on tosaythat the iiilk-throweraof Pied* 
inont were iKi enraged at l<ombe'Baacee*a,sal 
at the dix;eplioji which had been practitcil 
upontht:<m m-ihe failbl&ss Englishman, that 
they ilespiitehed u woman lo I>erbj' to gain 
Lombe's Confidence, and to administer a ^av 
poiaoti. In thiii »be waa succvsaful, and her 
victim, afti^rlingftring for two or three year* 
iti gn'at Bgonv, is said by llutton to'liavo 
died on IK March 1723, and to have biwn 
burietlwitb ^reat pomp at All Sainla' Church, 
t>>«>rby, on t be 22ud of the ume month, wben 
tbouHunds uf ncdplo attended the funend. 
llutton worked as a boy in the OMSilk Mill, 
but he was not aneyt-witnesaof these evenl»» 
which t0H>k place before bewaji bi^rn, and hts 
Htory must V> received wttb cAulion. Tba 
reeisters of All SaintB recortl the burial oT 
John Lombe on '2s Nov. 1722, and an en- 
dorsem^ni on bi* will ai SonK-rwt House 

Sveji ihu date of hia death ii» 30 Nov. 
ution'a fltory did not appear nntil 17^1. 
Sir Thoma« Lombe make» no allupion to bia 
brother's doatb in his petition to imrliamettt 
fur the renewalof his pali^nl. John I^imbe's 
will wail proved in London in July 1724. 

[Authuritit-s cit«d in text : Eilitib. Rev. xliii. 
78; Nichols* Lit. An«d. i«. 38(>: /aniboni'e 
^luno^tikHa dei Soti&irto Vcruucm;. ISfifi, p.SS; 
liHham'* Baton i>ta)re, ir. 142 (p«liprpi>\ "nH tb« 
wilia of Kaory, John. Thoma», iind Lndy Elirn- 
b«h LiiRih^, in Scmcrset ITouse. Smili-a, in hia 
McDof Invvtitionaii'il IridDMry, p]i, 107-30, m>oii)» 
to Jinve cliii-fly fiillowinj Uullijn and an nriicle 
in the Mcchdiiif-' Mngtiitin*', 17 Mny 1867. which 
ia ioHoi'unite in H-itnu partimilari*; infonnatmik' 
fitim llip vu-iir of A II Saiiils. Derliy.] K, B. " 


UtSlfox, .'Vi.iii.KT, IHU.V ISOO.j 







LONDOX, HENKY ov (rf. V*^), areh- 
bUtiop of Uiiblio. [See Lockdrkb.] 

LONDoy,JonN',nr.L.(i4>K^«' I5W1, 

Tisiiur 1)1' uiiinn><tftritv«, a uiUivnnf llamblc- 
deil,Suckiti)^'ham8hirw.'n'asbom Kbuiit 14^6, 
beuiff admitted id 11D7, a( the ofe of el^rvn, 
m Bcnolnr of Winchester tVillpRe (KiKur), 
'wheucc liH jinwifiliyl t<i Now (.'ollegi?,( )xl"or<i. 
Of that BOtifly h-.- wns a fi'Uow from 1505 
to I*>IS. tukiDg thv dcinves RC.L. l'>13,and 
D.C.L-l.Jiy (Wtwu; lit.AM:). He wm in- 
aCiK>" li (olhe living of Kwrlim-.d.tfonlsliirH. 
in iv\jJ, beld ttiv Utring of ^tuckLrurj' uu tlio 
MVMDtarion of the prior and convent of 
Leedes, Kent, l]ef<ntv I51l,and waanUnvicnr 
of Adderfjun', Oxfordshirv. In l.'itit In* was 
iiuT«llittd a {jrebvodary of York, iu 1522 a. 
prefcctuUry of Lincoln, and was appointwl 
Cnneurer of thf> rnlbedral. Ho waa electfct 
"Wftrden of New CoIIi-kb in \o'2ti, ami wft.t 
doui of OtiKy and Wallingfonl. Iltt was 
•ceiT» in pprscfiitioK t)te Lntherans at Ox- 
find frato about lifJH onwarda, three or more 
of wbom were loeubera of bis own cotlcf^: 
one of them, Quinby, he imiiriBoneJ 'vary i 
•llwitW ' in tbp eterple, wbetv ht!> died * 
et&rvtxl with i-old and lack of fond ' {\arra- t 
tit«* o/tAf lief'Tiniiti'm). Oil tlie news of 
the etcam! of a prominent Luthefftn htwas 
6e«i in bi, FridfswidvB ' puflinir, blustering, 
and blowing likn a hiinj;^' and i^xhIv lion 
•«vluuf( his prvy' (Poxfi, Artji and Sluiiu- 
wtfntt, X. \2A ). Probably in loa4 bia nepliew | 
]i;il«iird conleswd on exarainati'^n that \m 
utuJe had rvproveil him for wrilin(r atfaiitttt 
the pont-, tulliof; him that he triistud thai 
• tboiigh the kJo^had conceived a llltlv malice 
agnin»t x\w bishnp of Rome, he would yet 
"wwmx bamtua on bU hack to ti^l't a^iii^t 
lientict' {Oai. State Pniferr, vii. No. 140). 
Thin «mfe«woo having presumably placed 
hiiu in thu puwer of Thomas Cromwt?U [<[. v.], 
Loodoa «'aa anxinuA to pttm^w the ministrr 
azkd became oae of hi« mi>»t active and sub- 
senrient agent*. lie inTokcd Cromwell's help 
in the ^reruniL-nl of his c(dle|^, rompbiin- 
ioft that the fellows deeirtid too much liherly 
(.'A.pp.l5«>,I394.viii.799t. Inl535he wa« I 
sp^ini«d otic of the commissioners for the I 
Tiaiuuion of muna^t^rieA, and wa.^ biuily en- ' 
£U«d in that work dnrin^' tbru<^' rt'ant. 
llioug^ he spraks contemptuously of the re- ' 
lif^ouii, h'm Iett4>r» do noT t'thibit any bitter- ' 
ncaa of fwlinp agiitnM them. It is evident 
that he waa morv anxious to t^tbtT ^uuilfur 
tbe king than to collect scandal. A\ uou he i 
obtained tlir Mimender of a roligioua hon-^e, 1 
llB atrippt'd it of everything that had a, 
MCDniary talue, and M>nl llie »poi)a to I^ti- 
«OB. aeixed all tv\xc», tad dofacod and dc- 


fltroyetl whalvwr h« could not remove, so 
that the boru walU of liiiildingii wert! alone 
\vtt : he was, indeed, the ' mf'st terrible of all 
the monastic spoilers' (nAWiUBTj. 

In Npit« of tne energy tliat hv showed in 
the work uf Hpoliation, hi^ poaitlun wub in- 
to liis discredit ; for in July London, who wa^ 
viaitiiig ndigious bouam in XoHhnmpton- 
liihiiv, wrote lo him to bug him uol beJiuvu 
thoflo who utid that he was uiiholdiag the 
bishop of Rome, piir^rn'ory, ami pilgrimage, 
and di-elan^l tluil be would alwnyn bu i-un- 
formublt) tu the king'» council and i>ubmit to 
CromweU and Bishop Lul ioicr ( Statt Papers, 
xi, Xq. IXI), Thomas Bedyll [tj. v.] al.'Mt wrot« 
to Cromwell, Miyiiii; tlial I^tidun had hoard 
ihal Cromwell had withdrawn Ida fuA~our 
from him and meant to put bim out of the 
wardeoHhip of New College, though Lon- 
don had, aeconling to hi^ own atcount, donu 
more for the reformation of ignorance and 
aupinvtition than any of thii other monastic 
viBitorR (lA. pp. 118, IIW, I37av It ispcw- 
siblethat tlte caii»e of Cromwell's dispk^anura 
may hare been other than rumoara m to 
Lundou'« dooiriuei*, and ibal to this dale 
may be referred th<! storr tliat I^ondon woa 
put lo 'open penaitce wilU two amockt ou 
ni.<; shonla^r^, for mrs. Thykked and mn. 
Jvnnyu^cs, thu mother and the daughtor . . . 
as it was (ht'n known to a nnmlier inOxford 
and eUuwhen.- ... as well ax ihe ponnerof 
tbia histor>' ' (lfarratii-«A of t/if S^/ormation, 
V. .lo, from Archdeacon Louth's letter to 
r'axp). Burtietaays that there wcreoomplainta 
that Ixtiidon u«tid luDopportunitivaaa visllur 
to solicit nuns {aat^ on daoden'a book). 
In August 1537 London wrote to beg Bedytl 
to be bis friend with Cromwell, who sua- 
ptcted him of br-in^ a papist and a hindert>r 
of good learning, di.'clanug tluit no man had 
iqtoken more opt.-nly ugaitut papiHticMiI abuM.'9, 
am) that \n: boil trouble with the youth of 
bis ctfliugi-, who were given lo liberty, aiid, 
' because Uuii» and such barbarous drvamcrf 
are set apart, objeL-t to meddle with vVrcby- 
mplt;, Fal>er. and Melanrthnns Logic, and 
with Aristotle in tba (.!rei-k;' the report of 
Cromwell's displeasure had, he said, nearly 
killed him (*/«/^ Papen, x'u. pt. ii. No. .t:?9). 
In tho autumn of lo.'lK l>indnn visitt'd the 
numienr of GodeCovr, Uxfordaliire. and not 
beingaolc t'> poniuatic thv abbots, Kalberine siinvndL'r the house, slaved there 
»ainif lime. Tim abl(<'».'' wrote to Cromwell 
on 5 Nov. comptniuiug of hi^ conduct, uylng 
that she refuMd to surrendertbc houAetohini 
beraiH.-v he was her ' anrient enejiiy,' having 
opiJO«<.-d bcr promotiiiD, and Lbut bo did ' in- 
veigle' her sitters ' one by one olLvrwisethaa 





«Ter I iMsnl i^II that *nr of the kin9'*a hitb 
bMn hnridWI,' nod <*spn-w>tni; « fi«r that lie 
WO11M Ikt faUo infcrniuitioQ iguiut twr. 
L4>niion Wat, on the contrmrr, t 'hanblfl 
Mlitor for mv Inrfy and her eisten ' (Sumrr^ 
mmo/the Mmuutfrim, pp. 237-31) iiDOaed, 
OCMTM and viii; m be vrtu, be dooa not B«em 
to kaT« been iU-natored, bii banhnMs in 
rariooa casoi proceeditm mtber from b deaire 
to priiniiiio hia nwri inteifxtaUunfrommilft. 
A« It Wyk<^baiui«t lie Htgnctd binueli hr 
fumidhini^ Jolm Ix-land the antiqnarr witn 
tntii'' faUir nnrl nUiidtTniiA notes, nnw in the 

BnmH'a R/'funoaiina. i. 3M. S\€, in. fTl. «<■ 
J'ocoek ; LMttb'» U'* of ffy^rha«. p^ IM (1*4 
edit.) ; 0»qiwi'« Urary %1JI asi tba EBg&i* 
1foDMtanM.i.SM.4M, 4^1-9, iLtM SM,^*;, 
Frowfe'B HiaU or EagUad. i. M3: «». Mi. rr. 
6, 8, 9 (ed. in;))).] W. B. 


dironicler. [8ei; RicraU>.] 

LONDON, WILLIAM (JL 10»), hi- 

blioffrapber. woa a boolc*^ler of N«wcastJ^ 
on-Tcnc,and appart-ntly iind4>n'wk«om« pob> 
li-shin); on his own acrnunt in pamersbip 

Bndleuiii Library, entuwnimf; IrVilliam of I with I>i>Ddoii tinne. In Hl^Vi lloulr'a *Phrs- 

Wylt'^liam ( LotTTH, L(ft cf Jt'ykt/iam, p. 2)*^, 
Srd edit,) 

Onthi'dcAihnfCromwBll in ITMU, I.onJon 
attni^Iiwt bim»cir to Stepbcu Cardiner [c|. t.~, 
biohott fit Wincheater, vm appointed canon of 
'\Vi»a*^r,and wonactivt- in jivrM-oulingtho^e 
vehn fell under tht* A ct of Six Art iclna. Ho 
took part in fn-nti proceeding n^iiiot the 
Oxfuril Lutherans, liKjiidh hp chiefly buaiod 

eefAogih Anglo-Latina' appearod. with tb« 
imprint > Londoa,ttrint«d by E.Cole« forWil- 
liam Loadon. boomtler, Neweutle.* Loo- 
dnn 18 l>«8t known by a T«ry rare eatalofra* 
of Enffliab literature, which be drew op in 
1658. Its title mnn, 'A Catalogue of the moat 
wndihie Kook.4 in Kn^land onterlv andalpba- 
buticsllv di^^tnl . . . llie like \Vork nartf 
vet petformW by anT. Varieta* D*'lertat.' , 

liiiiiM<lf at Windsor, wln:n- Im lurtuvl m Gar- ' London, Ui.V*. 4lo. 'the nigTiaiure * WilliuB 
diner's chiff n^r^nt. Three men weru burnt '. London' atTachwl toihe dhtdicalion ba>i been 
ftt Windaor llirou(;fi contriTaacc, bt> em- abnurdly explained as tlmtof William Juxoa, 
ployed spies to ^th«r infomintion aeninBt bishop of Ixmdon. IteAtde^ th<> dediration* 
otlusm, and at hia auggiwtion hillg wi^re pnv oddrpsAediunon^oih^ntothe'wise.lL-arned, 
fem:d beforn thn juAticea at seBaiotuaMiUBt nnd Htudi'>ii.x in the Northern rountit>s at 
Cranint-r'HchaplaiiiH and pr«achen. He also ' NunliuniU-rljind, B"* of Dtirhaai, W*«t- 
procurod information and pryparecl a mm mo.n^Und, and Cumberland,' there u an 
B(rninit th" orchbislinp, htit the kinj lir-aniifr ' RpiMlp to the mnst mmlid and ingenious 
of tbvAi- pruciii'*?* bada Granmc-r hiowoH', ond rmidi-r,' and h very ^piriUHl and w-ell-wriitea 
audi otbera as hu pleaMd,oxainim- thelruth ' ' Introducitiim to th<? I'se of Booko, or a abort 
of tlid oocuaatJona. Anoncr papert of tIir Ksfiay upon the Value and Benefita of Leoni', 
Cjnfipiratora that were oeixed and wnt to the in|; and K nowli>d(^.' lyindon arranirea hut 
kinffwcro certain letters from Tendon. This titles under ihe hi-adiDf;« l>ivinily, IliMoryt 
'stoat and fiilbj prebendary ,' as Parkercall&d 

uj pn 
h\m {^fcvtvri(tu (if Cranmfr, i. 158), was ex- 
tniinnd will) two of lu^ associates bt.-fure ttiu 
counril. wnil lieint; ftorivictnd of ])erjury was 
■lriiii»>d of Ills diifiiitii'*'. and orderL'd to ride 
wilii bin fnce to n hnrsc's rail rliroujrh Wind- 
anr, U'^ndinfT, nnd Xewbiiry. and to stand in 
tli'-inlloryinffich towni wit 11 n paper dftclarinff 
hi"ofli>nc*>onhi»fori'hcBd. Tbiswa-tdono.and 
lie wns rh«n committed to the Fleet prificm, 
whoru ho diL'd roou ufturwanls iu 1M3. 

I Kirby'n \Vin«h«»l«r SchoUrs, p. 98 ; Wnod'a 
AtneiueOxon.; FaMi.i.SA. <7,(id. Itlion; Boaso's 
RritisLram Tnir. Cixon. i. 83 (Oxf. Iliit. Sect; 
CalrnilikM of Hiiilu i'liv^ni. Hon. VIII, vii. Kott. 
U'l. Vi^V. UDI. Tiii.ruil, si.i. tl8. 1184. 1376. 
XII. ii.1'J9. 448; Lo Kori»"i.Fi*'!li FatI. Anglic, ii. 
t«0. ion, Ida, 20I. iii. 173, 3U3; Narraliv«« of 
lC«rui-iuiai<io. pp- 34. 2S2 (Camden Soc.); Suii- 
prwuion «f Sli*nji»lflrin", pJ»*iiiM (CniwdOTl 80c.); 
Voxe'a Act* ni\A Mtiiiiiment», r. !i, 421, 470, 473. 
<80, 48fi. fijri, ed.Town»rnd ; Htrvpf'-MontririrJ^ 
!. 819, 990, Ii7t), fifll ; ATytiliifh'ii' ('rpiniiiTr, ('p. 
60, 150, lflO-6. 173-A. 7ttA. 76;, 773 (8vd ed.); 

I'livfiic iinil CTiirurgme, Low, Komancaa,] 
Poems, rifiys, Hebrew. Greek, and Latin.' 
A siipplemptit of new Ijooks iaaued between 
Aujfiist l(I-'i7 and .Iiino 1^58 is appended.. 
In 1060 111' broufitit out ' A Catalogue of "Svwi 
Brtok* by way of Suppl.-mcnt to the tomerj 
JH'inp such nfl have hei-n printed from that 
timMliin-;fi»(erT«rni,l«00,' London, .11 May 
IWiO, Ito. 

A brief ' Catalogue of Ocrtaine Bookes,' 
pubHshfld Iwrween lH:*(tand HtSl.wiwiBsueJ 
tn thfi ln.II<T ywftr.and in HVW ' A f^atalofiue 
of . . . IHriuity Books . . . printed about 
twenty yerirew pant.' Hut l^onoon's claim t« 
hnve prmliiccd thf mrliept catalogue of aOT 
hiblioj.TApliical pivteuiiions is fully juetiB«>d. 
Ilisundcrtnkintrnttracted attention. In 1863 
I'mnnis H«\vi(in« [i]. v.] the ji'j'uit i»sued a 
nt'W I'lUlioii i>f big ' Youths Behaviour,' and 
in an npjiended'table' or irlns«ary of scientific 
lermt ii«t'd in tbu volume he insprtwl the 
entry, 'Ciitalo^ue: arnub-of nnme9,or n*ci»~ 
l*>r, af^ntmlciffina of UiH.k^ whicli Mr. London, 
buoksfller of Xewrastle, halU published.' 





^bdla*«BiMinn)«nui. 181 1, pp 307-41; yt>r«V 
Ulopu, ed. DibdiB, li. 3M~t; AtkiiuV Aihc- 
nuenm, 1807. ii. 801—1 ; Vatt» and Qncries. In 
Mr. Ti 6IA. 699, rii. SirO. Snd Mr. rtit. lOS, 
183; IwidoD'B Cstnlofiuea in Ilrit. Sliu.) S. L. 

8TEWUIT, UoBCitr. 1769-1822. a«cond HJlE- 
(iriK; 8rE«4iiT<V.i\R, Chaulcs Wuxiam, 
177rt-I8W, third MAuaris.] 

LONDONDERRY, Eabm of. [See 

Pitt, Thoua-h. d. 1729.] 

<1 782-1837.1, bom in 1702, was BMer daitgU- 
t** of Sir .\brtham Hume [q. v.] of Wonn- 
Ifybiirv, HtTtftml shirr. 8h« wm marripd on 
2rt >Iiiy 1793 to Ctiarlcn r^riR. Bn^rwanls 
first Bkron Famborouifh [q. v.] She wiia 
w(>II known in hn duva« a jndge of iirt and 
■a iikillfid borticultumt. and lari^ly A.<uii9ted 
ia lariiw out th«f ^rardcDK at Brotnl^y Hill, 
Kent. She dii-d withoat issue at Bromlev 
}Iill on IA Jan. 1837, and was buried at 
"VV'jnnley. Hertfonlsbire, wttli an elaborate 
tomb bv Wvetmscott. 

[OmU Blay. I7»3, 1837. and IS:iH; ruaaans'^ 
Hotfordsbire, toL ii. pi. ii. p. i&a.] J. A. H. 

LONO, I.*Dr CATHARINE (rf. 18e7>, 
nnrcU^t and rpIijHoiiB writ^'r, youngeat 
<lauuht(:r of Iloratiu Wnlixjlo, Lhinl uarl of 
Orford, married Uearj-Lawen T>inir. t5*q., of 
Hanptoo Lodse, Surrey, 22 July lKi">. ajid 
diiid mddenlyfrom alann in n ihund'^r^orm, 
SO .A.UJJ. 1667, If-aviiii; w^rim daii;.'hlfrfi and 
■ ann. Sb<> Anga^l in muc)i literary work, 
rhiefty in thy way of roUgious tiction, lud 
pii)ilialti^ (KiiDH pieces of sarrwi inuiiii*. 

Her works iir«: 1. 'Sir Roland Ashton, a 
of the Tirtiftn,' tx>nd. IhM, 8ro, a re- 
I noTvl dirurted i^Jnst th<> Iraclnrian 
It (Athfnaum, J>*1 l,p.T71 (. 2. ' Mid- 
BtuuMr Souvenir, TboufrhtA Orifi'iiiat mid 
Selected,* lK4(i, ."llfnio. ' S. An 'Agnus 
D«'fbrfouror'tivaToieea,184S. 4.'Chriat- 
mi Sonrenir,* 1848, 33tao. !>. ' Ileart^nly 
ThougblA for .Mominfj Hoara.' l&Ol, Huio. 
0. * Hoivnnlv Thonglit^for Erening Hour*,' 
Ivmd. I85t!, 'l8nio. 7. ' The Story of a I>rop 
of Water.' I-ond. IBotJ. 8. 'Firet Lieote- 
n«nt*§ Slory," I.«nd. KWfl. 12mo. 9. 'The 
Story of a Spwtllc IViycr,* l^nd. 168.T 
iU. ' Herein w Joy,' tu.'leciions Trom Uomini; 
.ETeoiQcrThousbis. II. 'Hei«it'<t IVad, 

' cannot Die,' in memory of IMnce Albert, 
irvda and mosic 12. 'For Wound* like 
tkMKr C^iri«t \i tbc (inly Cure,' 8t>t tn muf^ic. 

I Borke'-i Laadrd OMitry ; Bnrke'n PtoragP, ■. v. 
-* Orfi»nJ ; ' Worlu in Britiah Museum Lil-mrv-l 

A. V. P. 

LONG, t'HAKLKS, Raros Fars- 

BORorcn (17(11-1838), politician, bom in 
1761, was third MQ of Keeslon Lonjrof Cars- 
halton, Surrer, a niemli,r of a well-known 
finn of West India ntt-rchant^, Dnikv & Lonff. 
\\'\i mother. Susannah, was daiighter and 
heiress of Abraboin Cropp of Richmond, 
Surrey. TIis father's fBmijy, settled nripi- 
nally in Wiltshire, hod Iweii eoniiected wiiU 
JainaioA since ClLarles Long's graiit^gratid- 
fiithi-r, Samuel, had been made, on the con- 
truest of Jamaica, Rerreiary tn the Jaraaicft 
commiasianerafseii 1Ia!«ti:d, Ai-n^ed. Drake, 
18S0. pt. 1. pjj. 255-8). In 1783 he waa 
enterva at Emmanuel College, Cnmbrid^ 
but appears tfl htiva taken no dt^jrrec, In 
IKW lie WM made an hoji'iniry I,I>,D. Ho 
entered partinmenT in Janimry 17^, &s one 
of the members for Itye, and hflving held 
thiit Kent till 1796, wa.H returiu-d for Slid- 
hurst. and in 1S02 for Wt-ndover. In 1H09 
he came in for Ilasloiiicrv, and held that seat 
till liis ek-vntiiin to tlt« [werage. From an 
parlv time in hisrsn-er hpwoa a re-'ipfctable 
official and a .luccessful placemiiu. Iti 1791 
hp wa.* appointed joint seeretAry to the 
tn-ft-'iiri-, resi^ied with Pitt, his patron, 
in IHOI, nnd fm Pitt's return to power in 
1801 became a lord commiiiaioner of thi) 
treasury. Hi» personal frtendiihip with both 
Pitt and .\ddington had made nim an in- 
valuable intcrnn'iiiary l)etwci>n them in the 
pr»;viou« year (sec Siaxiiope, Life of Pitt, 
IV, 2(i; VoJt«X,LiffofLoi'(HJv4fr/>o<>i,i.lV^). 
Hp wamtwom nf thepriw council un 5 Oct, 
[HlV^fif-nt. .Waff. iwri,*ii. 12:11). In IV 
brunry 1 >^)>i hv \ra« advaiiired to he secretary 
of stare Tor Irelatid, and wu sworn of tba 
Irish privy council. In 1810 be wa« ap' 
pointed jfJint pa\iniifiter-^nt>ral, and even- 
timlly betJirae the sole occupant i-f the office. 
He was despatched to France in IH17 as a 
with the armr of occupation. While a mem- 
ber "f the lloute oi C-ommone he %'ot«d 
rtleadily with the torie*, nnd spoke only so 
fara!> lui^ ofliee rvnuin?d. On 27 May l8J0he 
\ was created a civil ^and cro^ of the Bath, 
I and at the re>^iiest of Cauiiiii(ir he retired in 
lS2fi hi* puRt of pftymn«tiT-gencnil, 
I and W8j§ ep'uli-d a piH-r, Itiirur FBrnlK>niugh, 
I 13 June. He enjoyed n pi^Ritinn nf LoOO/. ft 
' vear until, on the death in lSi?9 of Franola 
Henr>- E^Tfnn, ciphth car] nf BriJge water 

11 . v.], hii^ w ifi-'s tirul lii^r, Iil' inlimt^^l prtiwny 
o*thevalu«^of4,000/.a year, when he resigiH-d 
hU pension. From the time of hit elorntion 
to tlifpfvragn hedcvtiteil himsi-lf principally 

to artistic pursuit,'^. Ilu was a runigniaeu 
juilge of pictures aud architecture, formed a 

considerable gallery of paintings and Mulp- 

n 3 





Kill rincu ill Kuiit, miil witli ilut assisl ancft 
of htA wife laicL out iU nxlviL»ivt< omameutal 

firdena. lie pubLishod a pEunplilct in IS'Hi, 
Remark.-) on the ImprovHnumta in Limdoti,' 
liftvinp prt'vioiislj' tigumd a» an author witU 
pumphlL-tson tliv l-'rencb revolution iti 1795. 
aud on the prioe of bread in li^l.t. H« 
8n(r([<>*t«5 many of the new streeitfl srid liuild- 
iogs which wiTc tht?n Iniil out. He waji rtin 
pewonal friend of botli Qforfrw III and 
Gwirgn IV, ntid agisted thfltn with his t«»rc 
in the divnratinn of several of thn myal 
pilac<.-». liu b-'CrtUiB licutcnA'iL-coloni'l of 
the Lt>« and LawiahMU %'olunU«r corps in 
September IStfi, was a fellow of the Hoyal 
Sooiety fmiii I7i>:i, nnd of the Society of 
Antiqunrios from irtl:i 5 wa» idectwl u Iruftlee 
of thi^ British Mmwtum in 181 i*. and was also 
a tni5tee of thu Natiunnl GailHry, d«[iuty 
pn-»tilfiir. of rill? Hnlish IiiHiiliition, and , 
t'tiaimiuiiof tilt- couiiuilliJL' fort lit' iimpcctioii 
of national monunii'iLtA, III* dit^d at rirora- 
Ivy Hill, 17 Jan. lH38,anJwB« buried 27 Jan. 
al, U'ormley. 

FarnlKtroiv^fU inarric)d,28Mftyl79n, Amelia 
[see Loyo, Amelia, I.iADT I'ARVBoitoron], 
elde-tt daug-litfr of Sir Abraham Hiimr' [q. v.] 
ofWormli'ybury, Ilertfordshin^, who died on 
1>3 Jan. 18^7, but had no ii«ue. 

I_Cad«ir»OoBiempomrjrPurtraii». ]810: Cor- 
nsjiondeiineorLordOreyand MniliirnnilnLi^vun; 
Ounans'a E«nfnrd«htT«. ii. iM. Brit. Mas. Cat.; 
Oent. Mag. 183»: Mwra's MomiHrs, it. Via.} 

J. A. H. 

1801), ^nealo^figt and antiquary, iKim nn 
28 JtJy 176«J at Benbam rark.']l«rk»bin', 
WAS the elder and only ^urrivinff son of 
Cbarlea UeckfonI Long of l^ns'ley Hall, in 
tlieauiiei»anly,by Fnuic«fl Monro, daughter 
aadheireM of Luclua Tucker of XorfulkStnvt. 
Pwk Lane, I»ndon. Edward Long ^tj. v."", 
tli« biatorioii orHaniaica, watt hin frrandfaiher. 
He was ediinated at Harrow Si-bool and ai 
Trinity College. Cambrid^, whcro h" i^inwt 
a divrlaiuation pnw, and in July 1818 won 
the rhancellorV y^dd nmlal for KnuH-^bTerw, 
Ibvaubjiirl being ' tmpp rial and Papal KovQc' 
lie priduatfld B.A. in l^ln. and M.A. in 
1832. Poueavd of an ampl.' fortune, be de- 
voted himMdf (o kistoriotl and (p<n««iai;ic«l 
Bludira, which w«t« gr««tly faciliiaira br 
tbi> Kf«««a t<^ the Heralda* Collvfie grwito^ 
hira by his iinele-, IjotA Henrr Moljavtix 
Howard, d^pitly p«rl marelta). 'llo died un- 
married on SASippt. 1641, at the l»nl Wnrdon 
llntrl. IVner, on hta rv4uni tnm U^toibur^, 
«nd wa.^ buri«>] in Soale ckurrhranl, Sunvr. 

WitU Harrow aud its ro«e«ms Long always 

maintained a frif-ndly rolntionship. Uema- 
tnrially aciiiita'd Dr. Hutli^rinliisliiofrapbical 
notes to tbv lists of Harrow echiuars, and 
during Ir^fiO bo ■ftTotc on the Listorr of th* 
founder. John I-.yon ftj. v.], in the 'Vlamiw 
fiaxette.' He took also a conflidfrabli' inte- 
rest i» thebi»t or^- of Wiltshire, wa«an earnest 
Swunolor of the object;* of thi- .\rchn>ologi<r4L 
. ocivly for that ctmnty, and contributed tO' 
itjt ' >fa)^inH.' During many Tear« hi> ww 
a fre<)nent correspondent of' t)ie ' Gentle- 
miiTiS Mn(rA]:inf.%' and the leading; antiqiiariaa 

In I S-Il' be published a pamphlet in defenm 
of tbo conduct of his uncle, l!ot>en Ballard 
J*on;rrii,v.],in tliocnmpnipn nf I SI 1, entitled 
'A iti'iily to ilio misrepwsfsntations andaaper- 
aious on the military reputation of the lato 
Ijieul^nant-ffenptal Robert Ballard Long, con- 
uini'ii in " Kunhi^r Strict un-* on tbo«e partft 
of Oiloiiul Xaiiier'a Hiatory of the Peninsular 
War vrhicb relate to Viauount Berefford,'"' 
and two more in reply to l^ord B^reaford in 
1H,^S rtnd 1835. M ith the as»Jstttn(H< of Hir 
in IfUo a Tolame called ' Uoyal De»ceDt« ; a 
piinealoj^cal T.i«t of the fterernl Persons en- 
tit h'd to i)iiartvriJieArni8'.>fihcl!ovu1 HouAe» 
of England/ In 18-'»9 he edited for the Cam- 
den Society, from the oriirinal manuscript in 
th«Bril isb MiiB«um, t ho * Diary of t be Marchfl* 
of the Itoyal Army during the Great Civil 
War, kept by Uidiard Symonds.' 

Iliaotlierwritini^sare: 1. 'Considerations' 
on the (ian)« haws' [anon.], l^ro. IjondoUr 
1 1*24. 2. • The Albuera Medal,' 8vo. London, 
1H38, a privately printed patnphlet, protest- 
ing ajiroinn the onii«$ion of Lieutenant-fT^^ 
neral R B. I^ongfrom th» reciwents of lh« 
medal for Albuera in 1814. 3. ' Letter to 
the Viscount St. Vinoent on the Jamaica 
Honne of .^SMmbiye .\bandonm«nt of ica 
I*»')riidatJve Functions.* 8vo, Ixnidon, lH;ji*, 

l.on)7 also made ' Oenealo^cal CoUeclious 
of Jamaica Familieit,' which he pre«ente<! tiv 
th« British Museum: it is ,'Vdditiooal MS. 
:J796S, Duriru; ISA7-JlheK»vet»ithemu&^Hra 
many valuable documents ndatins to Ja- 
maica, which are reanectiv«lT csaMlOfftkMl u 
Additional MSS 219.31, t>2«3d,Md2a57&-80. 
Hi» lott^Tji to the Iter. Jos«ph Hnntirr. ex- 
tending finm IS47 to 18Q8, are pnccrriifd in 
Additional MS. :;4^0, IT. 169 96. 

[Omt. Mafc. 1861. ii. MS-?.] Q. O. 

LONQ, nirDLKY (rf, 1S»), poUtiei 
and wit, ,"See NoKrH.l 

LONG. KDWAIIP (V7»4-1813>, author, 
lawn at ItcMvtyi-Mi St. BUft-y .Cornwall, S3Au(;. 
17M, was fourth <<i>n of Samuel Loa^r of Lon^ 
vilK Jamai«a, TnrdudweU in Conw&U, and 




or* I 




Squsiv. Bl'XunsSun', L'mdun (who 

[•dit-ii ftt Jnmaica in 17o7 1, by lits wife Bury, 

kcdhiI datitihtEir anil mhoir iif Hnrtbnlnmew 

I Titv of Delipri-, Norlliam|itut»liir8. Ha wiu 

' ^Hiicttted first at Bury St. Ednmiwia School 

iinilcr the Krv. I>r. Kliinpjjman. and th*Mi at 

i.islti-anl bv ilie TIev. Hichanl llaydnn. In 

I n't- he Ivii Li&lit«rd. and uflvr vjint pri- 

l Titc instrnction in London was cntt^nw on 

28 JiuM? \~iiii at Gray's Inn with Mr. Heory 

'Wilinitt. On hift father's deatJi li« wt^ui to 

■Tainaica, and m» liis turms vltu nut coni- 

[ plctt-ti hf procured a caJl to the bar «■ <;ratid. 

[<>n his arrival he tilled the port nf pnvatu 

..necn'tary tu Sir Henry JIoon*, hart>ni-l, t\w 

LcImM lMuttiaant*^varnur, wW.> liad in&rriml 

•Meat muor, Catharina Maria, nod in a 

jabort time waa pmatoted tu tw jud^o of tbi* 

rice-admiralty court in Jamaii-a. ni-hf>altb 

'«antpelli>d him to leave the Ulnnd in 1709, 

and although he t^tainw) bis jiidfli'i'hip until 

alxmt 1707, he nererr«tumL'd,butpiiss«>d ibu 

re«l of hia days iu England in studious re- 

Citviuoiit. Long died on 13 March ItflS at 

. Anind«l Park, Suiwt-x, iho wai of hix son- 

I in-law, IIeDr\- IluwEU-d Molyneus, M.P,, 

aiflerwards I^ird Ilunry Thomas llow&rd, 

And waa buri^ on 'JO Marrh in t he chancel of 

JSliiKlon Churuh, wtu'ren slab of black marble 

vo-f placed to bis mt^mory. Uc marrit^, 

1^ Afig. \7^, Miir>- Ballard, Mcond daiuUter 

And at l(>iigth ixilo li>'iri>M of Thomaa Back- 

Inrd of Jamaica, and rvlict of John Palmyr. 

SAu- died l(t July 17U7, aged <!:>, and wim 

buried od thv nonb side of Host rtamet 

churchyard. 'ITi^ir isavi* wa* six children, 

thrM sons and tlir^B daii^bl(.'rs. Hie aoii 

Robert Ballard l^ne ie separately noticed. 

Long'* chief work w«» the ''Ilistorr of 
Jamaica,' whifh wtu^ ifftni^d anonyinowufy in 
3 vuU. in 1771. and Hoonlx>i;anLu 'cxcL'«din^''ly 
Ten?,' It waa aent to the presa hurriedly, 
and afterwords coiidouini'd by its authora 
tnatuT^r iiuto, and be spent miicH time in 
rvvi^in^ it fur a MeconiT edition. ILis son, 
OharleA Edward Long, gave to tbeBriti«li 
I Mtueiim tbe Addit. HSS. 1240-2-10, \t*'>e&- 
^J*'J7S, and IKHW-fiS, and among them are 
the sbeeta nf this work, ' with eonsiderablB 
additiona and alteraliona in manut'cript,' and 
•evpral othvr mantucriptttytbe father. His 
«tl»-r niibltcations wertt : 3. *Tho PraleT,' by 
Nicholas Babble, efiq., a peri<Hlical which mii 
tlirougb thirtT-lire numnen, from 13 March 
to 6 XoT. If56: "."nd^dit. 1757. ^. 'The 
Anti-<>allican, or the History and .\dv<>n- 
lurifti of Harry Cohhum, esq.,* inst^ribvd tu 
]»uiaXVbr theaulhur(anou.),ITo7. 4. 'The 
Trial of tann*T Carter's Dor Porter for 
Mnrdor, frooi the ctirrfcted Mauuftrhpt nf 
Councillor Clears Point' (anon.), 1771. A 

aatire ou tbe uuuie laws, which is repriiileil 
with slight abridgment in llone'it ' Kver>--<1ay 
Bonk,' 1827, ii. l!W*-ilO. 5. 'nindid In- 
flect iomi upon thi^ Jud^nnents of the Court 
of King's Bench on what is commonly called 
the Kegme^^uHe, br a Planb^r,' 177:^, in 
fsTourof the planters' ri?bt«. (i. 'TheSonti- 
mvutal Exhibition, or Portraits and Sketchca 
of the Times' fanon.), 1774, an imitation of 
Sterne. 7. ' Letlera on the ColonieV 177S. 
H. ' Kn)<li«h Hiuusniiy no Paradox : an 
altempi to prove that the Ensllsh aiv not 
a Nation of Savages ' (anon, ), 1 1 r». in reply 
ttJ the censures of Voltain- and Rousseau. 

9. ' .X PiiiiiphU'I on Iho Su^^nr Tnidi:,' 17S2. 

10. ' Mvmuirs of the Heipn of Bnssn Ahadve, 
King of Dnbomy, hv llohert Norris,' 1789. 
Tliis waa edited by Long, and tr&nalated into 

Bryan Edwarda, in his 'Histoir of thi 
British Colonies in tbe West Inaiea,' wu 
lirst and pnn(;i|uiHy indebted to l<ong for 
■KStifltiuiue, Bud from liia ' Mii<tory of Jamaica' 
wa« taken ^-ctiou ii., on this origin of the 
Maruuns, in * Proceedings of Assembly of 
Jamnica in regard to the Maroon NegroBB, 
1790.' II© wrote many pii-ces iu tho 'St. 
Jam>?«'» Chronicle and l>?ndon Pack«T.' con- 
tributed bingraphicttl particulars to Nicholc'a 
'Litemrj' AnecdotHs, ix, 7(K)-l,Bii imitation 
of au odd of noracdtDt)ic'(ieutluman*s Mt- 
gasine,' 1789, pt. i, p. llU,and was autborof 
the first part of tbe article oa W'altham St. 
I.Hwrfiiee, B^'rkshire, iit ' liibliolhec* Topo- 
gmphica Britannica,' iv. 135-(t. Thu corru- 

I epoudeace of Thomas i>anc«r.M.D.,withhim 
on si^ieniific matters in 1701 is in British 

I Museum .Vddif. MS. -J'Jfflt^, and a Tuaiiii- 
M;ript memoir by Long of hia early life is re- 

j ferred to in * Notes and Querit>a,' 'Jai eer. v'u. 
4'X (ISW). 

[G*ot. 3Cag. 1813. pt. i. pp. 4D0, GAS, pt. it. pj)< 
aiS-16; Nichols'sLiUiraiyABeodaCrK, ill. 183. Till. 
83, 433-5 1 Hfllkott and lying's Annn. L)t«mtnr#, 
pp. 136. 306, 7<^7. 1140. 2322,' 2G61 , Boaae and 
Coiirtn'-y's Hibfl. Cornnb, i, 322-3, iii. I'iflS; 
DalUway'* Sunex. i. 162. ii. pt. i. pp. 1(9, IS4, 
234; CtiKmuH IIcrtfonlKltire, il. p.A9; 
Caaa's Iwt Il>kruet, p. 43; Foilir's Oray's Inn 
Rag. of Admixsiuiis, p. 379.] V>'. P. C. 

LONa, EDWIN I,ONr,SlJKN (I8-ifl- 
1801), pttiiiter and roynl academic tan, horn 
at BntUon 12 July 18:^11, was son of E. Long, 
EU artist, of a family resident at Kelston m 
Somerset, ami ws.s crlwcaied at Ur. Viner',i 
school in Bath. Aduptiug tbe prof^'ssion of 
a painter, Long came to London and studied 
in the British sliiaeiim. ilc became snbae- 
quL-ntly n piipil in the art K:lio>5l etjnducted 
by Jamea Mntlii'Ms Leiph ^q-v.l io Newman 
Street, London, and practised iirst as a por- 

trait- painter; pauitineC)uir)esGteTnte[q.T. J, 
Lord Ebury, and otlters. ilakiittf the a(>- 
quaiQtance of John Phillip, K.A. ui. v.^ he 
Bccompaiiivti that iirtt8lli)ri[iiiiri.w1ii;re tbsy 
bpentmuchtLmv. LuiigwuBgruaclytiifluencfld 
hy the painting of N'ulaxqucz and othor 
Sp8iiii>li ii][ut«n<,aiid hU oarliiT pii'tiirpii.iiuch 
HM ' Ln PuMuIu' ( lh((4 ), ' LiuurilU iiiiil (bo 
BUnJ Buggar ' {1870), wort' (>auili.-d uudur 
Spantali inlluence. Ilia tirat important mc- 
Hirps were *Th*' Suppliants* ( If*7i)and*Th6 
Itubyliiiiiaii Mnrrin^'o Miirkc^t ' (iK^th 8ub«u- 
qiiuDtly purcba(>t.-d by Tli'^iuiu IloUi^war). 
Long was soon thoronchly imbued with 
eiisteni nrcJirenlogj-, ami mainly ncciipleil 
biuist-ir ill dfpictiiiK orifulai ect-m.-j^ liki» ' Tiie 

a\-puau I'V'ftet' (1377>, 'Thu Uodsand tUtiir 
ikers'(1878),ti:c. Hc^TisoUctciifln sjmwv 
ciatta of the Koyal Acailpmy in lM"1i, and an 
ni^ttdi-inician in laSl. IIiiipicturvaaiway»al- 
iractod ativntioti, and bis ' Uiiiua and Clirist' 
(I8.S1) tn'Jw ill llic pfjsjwwsiun 'if Mr. Dauiiil 
Tliwaitea) ^'really enlianKwd his rL-putntioii. 
Ilia pictun;s EniiiLHl the taete, aud appt^aled to 
till) rDlijfioiif* «*^iitirae7it,of a targfl yiortion of 
tliu piiblir.ttiHl r.lifir ]h»jmlftrit.y wa» iTirrwiscd 
by a widu riri-uliitititi uf eiijrraviripa. il« 
conMqueiidT dett>rinined to exhibit hia next 
pictures in a sppii.rnte gallery of liia own in 
lloiid SlPi'el, and iUi-tc in IhH'.i and tlie fol- 
lowing yuan bis ' Anno Domini 'aud 'Zvuxis 
at Crotona' met witb grcjxt aucces^. He 
■was eiiffjigftd on somo r.haracn-ristir- piclures, 
wliitfli Ilu inl(.'nilLHl To add to Ibis giillory, 
Vi'hvu 111! ftdl a rictitn to pm;iimuiUB, iVKidtiiig 
from iiiHiienxa, and died at h,h resldi-ncf, 
Kt'Iatnn, Xtilierhivll fianltiDa, HiiuipstHad,(jn 
l.> May IHOl, in lii* jixtA-iserond yi-jir. He 
watburitidin tbc Wi-»t lluiapsltradct-mclery. 
Tlie will sijjned by liim on the day of Ilih 
dpath whj* iIh- aiibjcct uf a luwsuit, lo nliiub 
liit> ridutivcs wt'm (iHrtie-H, In December lf<92, 
but thu matter iti dispute was amicably ar- 
ranpd {Timrf. IS and II IK>c. ]m-J). 

ifesiites tbu ' Kdwin Lung ' Clullury in Old 
Coud Street, a number of ]m pictures wa« 
COllecttxl togetJier after biH deal b, and furmwJ 
tlm nuc:I»?iis nf 11 gnllcry nf (Ibrifitian art, 
wLicli njpUced (be worliJ* of Giistave Dur6 in 
tlie wt?U-l(Tio\vn pfalliTj'iii Xtsw Itnnd Street. 
Lon(( had titrnt-idiTB ld<j praeiic*' in* a portraits 
painter, but liici EUtxviiu in that line tvaa not 
conspicuous, altliotiifb bo obtained liiilb pa- 
trona^fu and very largo priiies. Hit uiiintud 
for till! Ibinineas Itiirdott Coutlit (Uis tliief 

Eat ran) ijortrait* of bL-r&idf, ber iVii-nd Mr*. 
lrown,a]Ld Mr. Henry Irvinp. AmunpotJier 
portnuts of his later years were a nieinurial 

fiartrait of the Kul of Iddefilcicb. nf wbicli 
le painted a wt-ak replica fiip the Nfiliunal 
Portrait Gallery, portraits of Cardinal Man- 

nio^ 1p4>rhB^« hia best effort in this lint*). 
Samuel CouHine, Sir Edmund Hendet^in.and 
olberit. In his earlier worlu Louff showed 
great power, and thorougbly d«M>rvt!d hift 
fiiccLitut aud popularity. His later works wero 
in no way wurthy of the eame admiration; 
tber suffered from a continual repctitiou of 
types which r^'sult<*d in monotony. 

lie mnrriiMl a dnit^liter of Dr. Willian 
Alton, by whom he iutt a family, of whom a 
aon, Maurice I^oug, waa kilM tu a railway 
accident at Burgos in l^paiij on 24 Sept. 

[Hftnipat«ftd KxprcMii, IH Jan. 1890, IS Mny 
1891: l>aily tirapbic. III and 18 M^y IKDl; 
Achaunum, iS Mmv I^Gl; Scotaraon. 16 Majr 
1 801.] L. C. 

LONG, OEOUC.E (1780-1868), pnlico 
n]agi»trft(e, bom in 1780, was second Koa of 
Jowph Long of Sliopwick, near Cbiclieatcr. 
Siis.'iex, He first pniclised as an attorney 
in I/Oiidon, but on (i Fe.b. ISC)6 he was tui- 
Tnitk'd of Uray's luu, and wiis called to tlio 
bar uu tl Feb. IWll (Fortkr, fimt/'e Inn 
lUif. p. 4l>8). Ho joined (lie liome circuit 
andfttteudtid the Sussex M?s6ii>njiaAaBpi,vial 
pleader. In XfiH^ he was appointed a luai^- 
stratu at f!re«t Marlborough Strt^t police 
court, and fn^im 1S40 uutil IStl waa re- 
corder ofCoveutry. lu Iflll to waa trans- 
ferred to Itarylebone police court. Ho re- 
tired in IH-'Vff, iM^iiig tlien a bencher of hia 
inn, and died on ifU Juno 1368 at 61 Queea 
Anne Streot, Cavendish Snuare. 

Jong's professioiiut tre'Stnse^snithoseof a 
Bound lawyer, but hii4 olh>-r writings ara 
common]ilaee. Hi' publinlied : I. 'Ubscrva- 
tions on a Jlill to amend the Iaws relating; 
to the Kttliff of the I'oor in Kngland,' ttvo, 
Loudou, Iri^l. 1'. ' A Tn-atiso on the Law 
relative lo Sales of Persunul I'rojK-rty,' 8vo, 
London, ld-*l; 2nd Araeriean edit.', wirh 
additions by B. Itand.Kvo. Riston, Maasachu- 
ftetts, lHa9. H. 'Keflectiniia on ct-rtain Parta 
of the Law of England: with HuKKeations for 
tlii^ Improvement of the same,' 8vo, Ijondoii. 
\i<i7~ 4. 'An Kiiftvny (in the Moral Nat iir» 
of Man,' Svo, Ijondun, 1S41. «. 'Tlie Con- 
duct of JJfe, A Series of Essays,' 6vo, Jvon- 
dnn, tHl*i, (1, 'An Inquiry concerning lie- 
lifiion,' 8vo, London, IH.Vj. Healao reviswl 
and corrected the let:«l purtiim of thea&cmid 
fditiiiimf Ciiptain \Vi!Iifim Hough's ' Prac> 
lice of Courta-Marliiil/ 8vo, London, 18So. 

LTwiw Lists ; Timva. 2fl Juno 1888.] O. O. 

LONG, OKOmiK (L^«t>- 1879). classical 
srliiihir, t-tdcst eon of Jamiw Long, merchant, 
laini 111 Liinoashir.-. on t Nov. 1WKI» 
wa* edutuited ut SluwWfield ^ammarjwbool. 










and vntercd nt TrinitT Collcgt.% Cambridge, 
in 18IS. In 1821 htf WB« brnt-kered Cravt'n 
acbulsr \ritfa Lortl MamuUy and rR>fu^or 
llaU«a. Ue gndiMt«d il'.A. in \>*-22 aa 
wnnffl«ruidHaioichuac«Uor'i>uiedalli.'>t; in 
1823 he WHK roembers' priECmaD, mid cninnl 
■ fell<)Wb}iip axer thi- heads of Hftninliij nod 
JAaldvu. In Itt^ be v^aa chosen profi<M<jr of 
aad<>it)t UnguAgM in the npn* univcr-Mtr of 
I'^inia ai (.Tjurlot u-dvdly [cw nifMi iiiidt?r 
Kbt, Thuhas HcwutI. T. Jefferwm {Ibu 
pnadeniof tlte Uuitt* d Stat«e ) wajt rector, and 
LoRfT was hiafrMiwul gUMt. l^mg romnined 
•t hi« pnat for four y>-Arf, but n-iiinicd to 
Kn}*lnnd to aw-fpt tbi- pnife^wrMhip of Gnudt 
in liie u«wl}* founded utiivereity of Ijondon 
iit (iower Sm.-wt (aftt^rwarda University Ool- 
lefe), which WBri uuencd uu 1 Oi-t. lH:f8. H« 
beU thv profisKMrship till ltS8l, wUun Iil> bv- 
caine editor of the 'CJuarterlv Journal of 
Education' (10 voln. lKil-,'i^, "^mhlUbfd liy 
Uic Society for thuDiB'uMonuf I Mifiil Know- 
led^, of whose oommittce Lotif; was a muFt 
■ctiff member. Ucwa^ oneof tbo founders 
in I8W of tlie BovaI <i<>ouTap)iical So<-iely, 
was for inauy yearen mnubiTrfif comiiTil, and 
lioaormryM>oretaryfrMu lS4(i toli^8. Long 
bad a special koowled^ of (i:eo({raphy. lie 
oontri bill I'd to vnlnmefi iii. and xiL of the 
liovnJ (tt.-oirr»|iliiial Soei"ly*a ' Jotirual.' and 
10 l>r- William Smith* 'Dictionary of firwfk 
and ltoai»u Gco^rapby.' He prepared the 
map* of KgfTpt and IVr«iii for ihr- mliw iifthi' 
Sucielyfurtheniirufiutiol I ■ ■ t'll Kmiw ! ' j- . 
edited 'TliB Owtjrmpbv "I Aiii'iiL ;i im i iIj- 
Wwt Indie*' (S.l».l'.K.. Iy41. 6\o); and 
WTOie, with li. K. I'orier, ' TlielJ.vijirrHjihvof 
Gnat Uritaia' (S.D.l'.K. [IsbO't], Mo). 
l<onffal«o edited an ' Atlas of Claeeical Geo- 
graphy.* 18jV| : 2nd ed. 1«"4 ; and a smaller 
'Oraminar Hchool Atlax of Clafisical (ieo- 

I-rom 1K33 to 1846 I^d|! was «ii|ra8«d on 
the laborious task of editing for the Siciety 
for rill- iJilfiiHion of l M-fiil Kriovlntlge the 
Iwenfy-niiir \ulumc« of llie * IVnny Cyclo- 
pvdia.' lie was himself an extensive con- 
tiibator and an unwearied editor, the regu- 
lar iwue of the monibly parts being never 
intemipted. He aUo edited and contributed 
to tbe aocietva * Bicurraphieal lUctionarv ' 
(7 Tola. lft4L>U, the letter 'A' oniyi. In 
1&42 I<onif became prnfi^AAor of l.ntin in I'ni- 
ivnilT College, in Biicce»»ioa to \i'n gn-at 
fricwf Thonwiji Hewitt Key. He rwigniMi 
the chair in IMO, and for a short time was 
lecturer on jiirinirudence and civil law in the 
louf^Tirinide. Ilfltud bti-n culled to the bar 
in I8a7. Il'-wrotoall ibt-artJcU'S on Korean 
law for Smith's ' tHrti<innry of (rrt^-k and 
Itoman Antiquitiea' ^1^:1), and published 

in l^r 'IVo Disoounus on Roman Law.* 
In hh knoirledge of Koman law he Rtoud 
alone among English ttcbobirs of the time, 
and be contributed greatly to ibe revival of 
the study of it in thia country. From 1S40 
til! miiUammer 1871 Long was claiodcal b-c« 
turer fit Brighton College. He wait n-verwl 
and beloved oy bis pupilv While iii Brighton 
he edited Aeveml echoed edit ion* of t lu-eU.'ii'ics, 
and, in conjiiiiftion witli Mr. Arthur .1, Mac- 
leane, L-ista 1)11 shed »tid edited the ' Bihlinth'-ca 
Claasica,* contributing hiuis«dt''Cicer:>'HOni- 
tiona ' in 4 vol.1., IH.M-H. 1 1>- rLiu published 
hie adminible irnnithition vf .Mun-ii:< Aur«^-liiiii 
with the title, ' Thougblc of the Ktnpenjr M. 
Aureliu8AntonInu8'(lbO:i,l£^9,187d— ■Me- 
ditations,' &c.), and bf>gan the pnbhcatjonof 
hJM 'I>eclinf>of tbo Roman Kepublic,' *■ vols. 
London. 18<H-7'l,8vo. Matthew Amold(£(r- 
taif/i in Criticism, ' M. Aureliiu'j praises Long 
for treating K>^man hisiorv ' not an a deail and 
dry matter of k-arntiig,' but a« having 'a lude 
of mudera applicabiliLy and living iutenstU' 
In liit?! Ix^ngretired to'Portfield.Ohicbwtcr. 
In M7.1 hft wa-t granti-d a civil list pension 
of lOtl/. a yeur for hia serviees to learning. 
The last work of bis busy life was a trans- 
lation of the ' DiftcourM-A nf Kpiptetiis. with 
the Kncheiridinn and Friigmenifi," lh77, 8vo. 
He died, aged 79. on 1'* .*\ug, IH7y, after six 
months* illiK'A.Mnd wilh burinl in iLe ceme- 
teri- at Portfit'ld, Lotig wwt married thre« 
times, By iiis (In^r wife. Ilnrrici, widow 
if JcMseph Setden, lieutenant-Colonel in tbo 
I niti^d Slates anuy, he had four bods, and. 
a Jciuiiliter who diwl in infancy. 

A< a TeaclMT and writer Long esercieed 
mucli influence on claasical mdiolarahip iu 
England. He was a man of extensive learn- 
ing, gifted with a powerful memory and 'a 
clear jiiiitcisl tnlelltx.'!.' He was even more 
rvmarsBlde for a rare simplicity, elevation, 
and integrity of life. ' No one ' ( it ha* been 
remarked) ' ever lived the lifi- reroitimonded 
by Marcui^ Aiindiiu more oompletcly.' 

I^)iig publisbod, besides the writings al- 
ready named: 1. 'TubW of Compamtive 
Etymology,' PhiUdelphia, ISiJJS, ito (with 
J. Lewis). '2. ' IninMbictory ]..ecluie [on the 
Greek language] delivered in the University 
of Ltwidon.' London, 1828, 8vo. 3. ' A Siinv 
mary of Herodotus.' iH^fi), lL»ino. 4. 'Ob- 
i>er^'sIinn8 on the 8tiidy nf the Latin and 
Gnwk Languakrfe,'Lotidon.l&^>,dvo. o.'H^ 
Kxlotus," ( Jreck text. 1^30-3. f^vo ; 1 8;W, 1 ft4H, 
1861. tf. Xenophnn's'Anahasis,' 1831, 1837, 
1848. 8vo. 7. ' Fgvptian .\ntiiiuitie«' (in 
the Briliah MuBeuin). S.D.L'.K.. 18te, Jcc. 
12n»o. 8. ' (irammar Schools' a treatise in 
C. Knight's 'Store of Knowledge' [l&illi 
6\ o. 9. ' The Ci\ il War? of Itome ' (selart 




livuaor l'lutJ>rcli,wntli notes), If^l-t-S, 12mo. 
10. ' Political Dictionary ' (articles Ironi the 
'Penny (VclojKwiiri,' ('tfitwl, with atlditians 
mid cnireclinnB. bv ii. L.), 1846-8, 8vo. 
31. 'FmiiceamlilB ttPTolutiona. APictorial 
IliBtorjV Loudon, IfiyO, Hvo. 12. Cicero's 
'Cato'Mnjor . . , J>iL*liiw . . . Pt Epistols) 
RelectB}' (Qrammar Scliuul CIilmucs. iHi^O, 
IWM, 8vo). la. C^ar'fl 'Ottllic War,' with 
notes (OrBtumftr School Classics'), l^TiSjl^T*. 
14. Hiilliist'n'Cutilinfnriil .hij^urtha' (liruni- 
ranrSclionlClfissiraj.lH'iO, lt<84.8vo. In. 'An 
Olcl Miui'm TliouftLta alout Maiiv Thinpi,' 
leiiL*, 8vo; 1872, tivo (thesiyk' ritcallsLcnijf's 
*vij,'ijrnu«, (li*ciirsivi>, hiiiI pimg«nt, but ul- 
■ways prufitablR ' mmverstttiou). 16. Contri- 
Wiona to Smith's ' Blclioniry of Grfi-k and 
RoinAn Mioernphv;' to the 'Clas&ifiil Mu- 
e«iim,' voIb. i-v. ]'H41-8; to Bell's ' Eiigliali 
Journal of I'Mufjition,' vols, iii-vili. liiHS- 
18-54 ftothe' Quarterly Journal of Kdiicut ion' 
(wmcrepnntwl in'TKfiSrhnolnjBaf*r,'18S»l); 
HJiiI pnfKtri* ^uljU^iieJ for tlt« Central Society 
•*f ICtlucatioii, London, l^liB-ft 

[Tlio best jii'ci)uu,t of Lung is Mr. H. .T. Mji- 
thews's la Jltoioriam. tho mifhar of whkfi haa 
kin<lly rori.iwj this nrl.icl«] : Qoor^'u I.oag. r«- 
Iirhitad rr**m the liriKhion Collcco Mngiutini>, 
]87i>: £ii|ili»lt Cy^-lu{KtiliM. art. ' U. Long ; ' Cdc^- 
dopipdift Britanfvicii.iirt.'d.LiLiiig,' by H. .T. M,; 
Acivltirjif, 23 Aug. 387^. p- 140; Alb«>iiH!Li»i, 
2d Aag. 187D, pp. U9-40; lint. Muh. ChU] 

^y. w. 

only son of.SirWftItcrLoug of Dray cotCcTQfl, 
A\'ilt8liirp, by Ills first wifi-, Latly Annu Li'y, 
BPronil (laugh tpr of Jiinjes, first eart of Jlarl- 
lioroiit^h, oiid iii^pWiv of Sir RobiTt Long 
[a. v.], w»« bom &t South Wriutlift]l, Wilt- 
shire.iind baptiwd iit Bradford in 1 81 7 (Pedi- 
gree, &p.,.WMr. ( //i^raW, newsnr.iii. 
ij8>. XfluT educatioTk uX liomi; and iu Franco 
(not, lis Aubrey aflirnis,alVVestniiiiM«r School 
and MfLgdalen College, Oxfnrd J, Long iippears 
to have pmer«d the rnynl nruiy, and is prn- 
bfthlv tlitf OaptAiii Luii^ wLo at tlitt Iteginuiiig 
of tiie civil war was serving in Sir Tliomaji 
Glemliani's reKimcnt (Peal'hi.k, Army Lints, 
]). 12). By \i\\\ he had tinmi to liin rank 
of A colonel of horse in Sir F. Dodingtou's 
bripadit, and wiw 111 that vear appointed 
Blit-rifl" of M'iLtsbire in the King's mterest. 
Early in ItMS he escorted the Prince of 
"WaW to Bristol, and was leisurely ratwm- 
iitfT eaetwardi) whon li« wns, on \'2 March 
104fl.uveirtHiikMn by a suiwrior force ofp&rlia- 
tnentarians under "Walter and C'roniwell at 
X^vises. He fell rantiily hack towards lUth. 
hotly piirsutNl by H allsr. Nrar I'oi t<rne he 
was iuterceptud by Cruniwull, who (!iiddL>nlv 
Appeared in his ran with an advance guordl, 

ind the Lif^U thick*0i*t hedges prerenied hi* 
escape. Lonf? himself was captured, and 
of Uis four huadrud harsu ooly eanus thirlT 
suoceedvd in getting away (cf. WoUet'i 
■ccoont giv«Q in Sut'iDUD'a Studie* and 
Ilituiratvmg of Otmt RrfirUian. p. fll"; cf. 
VlitiKi', Huminff fiugA,n. 12^). The die- 
a.Hter wab a.K(:ribed by Clarendon to Louys 
* grt^at d.-loct of courage and r ond»ct ' ( fM, 
18^8, iv. \^2^, Mv was niKin fxchaugisl, sod 
inAugiwt IG4''> capturiid C)hi)ipenhan) {Xtr- 
cun'uti AulictL*. 12 Aug. l(il.'>). On 4 )Ut 
1H4!) he wuA allow-><l to compound for hu 
cj^latce at tin- (iold>(niiihV Hull, thu iu«m»- 
ment bfiinc fixed at 3011/. He tiicrounon f«id 
bis fine of i 14/., and sued out his pardon ( OfJl. 
I'roe. Comm. _fiir Atli-^nrf i-f Moit/y, ii. 631, 
88.S). Shortly nfter bia n;k«i*f, Aubreyrft- 
Uti'M how ' Oliver, Protector, hawking at 
Uounelow Ifeatb, discoursing with hiiu, fell 
in lore with bit) coRi|)nny, and cominAnded 
him to WL^an.■ his awurd. and to meet hira « 
liBwkeing. which madB the strict cuvalien 
look on him with an ovill eye.' In 1C73, by 
(he death of liis uncle, I^ong aucweded to the 
baronetcy and (.lotalvsof Wm\biill and Dray- 
cot. Hi> was admimhiy adapted for a oouuiry 
gentleman'.>t lift-, if wy may believe Aubr«y, 
who Htati-.tthat, in oildition tnhisinte.llecCiial 
Bllaiimiuii tH, he n*a»^ ' good sword«autn,f;T«at 
niemonf,greAt fAlK>nitr and for honwinAnahtp. 
For lD»ect8 exceedingly curious and aearclui^ 
long ^incc in nutumll things.* He wiu also 
Hunielhiug of un antiquan': in 11 letter to 
Aiibrev, ]ire»nrvcil in lli<^ Bodleian library, 
dated !*>*■■<, there is an interesting description 
I bv l.onpof n numberof Komftn coins found at 
I Iteddioglun, ^Vilt(<hire. In th« same vear ha 
; nrote a short account of his family LibiorTt 
! which b preserved in Wotton's ' BsronetBg* • 
(1771), ii. 2fir). For the piirpo^en of iiport 
Long wa« wont to spend a wwdtor twocviTy 
auluinnal Abury, whit lier Aubrey frequently 
oocompani'^d hitn. 'Our uporl.'saya the an- 
tiq)is.ry, ' wjis good . . . but tfie llight of tlio 
falcons wai> but ap&realhi^.oi^ lo tliu colonvll's 
facetious discourse, who wa!4"taiuMarti,t&m 
3lercurio,"and the Mu^e? flid accompany him 
with his hawkce and f^pAiiicIln' (ArRKBTf 
WiltaAirv Topogrrrj'hical OilteetioiuY Ao- 
cording to .\ubrey, I^sng wrote a gn«t worii 
on the 'History and Causes of tho Cirill 
War,' bur it does not appear to be extant. 
In Iti&O Kdwaid "SVells To. v.] dedicated to 
Long his ' Geographical Table ' (si^Wblch, 
Alumni U'ejitm. p. ^OTi). The baronet died 
suddijily in London on 22 ,lan. 1691-S 
(LtTTRELL. liriff Sffativn, ii. 342), and was 
biiricl at Dniycot (Pedigree, Ac, at supra'). 
Long married Dorothy, daughter of Sir 
Edwanl Leech of Shipley, Derbyshire, 'a 



most I'li.'if^nt iMnutiu uimI wjti.' By livr <</. 
1710) lit) liftd onu iwn, Jatofe, wliu <liv<l in 
bia father's lifetime, teavmp. by bis firsT Avifc 
8u£an, daughter of C«l«nel ( iiW Stranjinvays 
cifMi-Ibury,l>or»pt,lhreei*<)ii*'— UiilKTl.tiile*. 
snd JuuM — vrho were succvs^ivi'lv baroiu'ts. 
Janie&, the youiiBpst, i]iatneulat(.'(i from Bul- 
iiut College*, (>sfnr<l, on 1 r.'li. HRW-it: suc- 
ceeded to tbu baronetcy in KM): \va> M.P. 
for ChippenJiam. ITaJ-lS; Wotton Ua«*«'tt, 
17I5-23: and WiUftliirw. from 17:i7 iniril liis 
death on I B Mnrch I '-JH { Hut. Jityoit. ( Af-n. 
Ztiary, pp. 19. 20; Fostkr. A/umni Ojvu. 
1500-17U). nfiiiiirrieU.oiiCJime Ktt^.nt 
St. Marl inVin-t b«-Ficlds. the Hon. Hi'uri- 
«tla Orpvillrt (J. 17IIfi), ilnrifrbler of T.ord wbouibr !i*A twu vni!*(CllEsiEH. 
X^mlfti Murrittpf Lif^'K^f, p. N'iN). 

.\xx Lttsii (I6P1 ?-l7n 1, Sir Jomos tlie 
jroungBr'dPldersislPr.wns a cwli-bnii I'll beauty, 
coticvniinf; mlioia tlui £art uf W'lmrton ui 
170:1 wrote on one or tl>« Kit^'lai toiiMing 



Fill ths sUm ; let HAulhovs •onnd 
"WbiUt bright Lmgy's hoihh goe» nmnil. 
With oteraal bmutv blest, 
Bc«r blooming, still the )i«ii1 ; 
Drink yosr ginm, ami ibipk the reM. 

Swift (l(!«cribMl ber as 'tlie taoi^t bt^utiful 
penoa of t he ap* she lived in, of frrvht honour 
•nd vinu.>,infinit(> anet'tnoHii niul (roiienuiity 
of it-mpt^-r, am! true j^Mjd x'iiw?\Foii(tTEH, 
A«r/rt, I'p. "J'Z"* ISO). Hf fnnniwit ly mL*t bur 
Mt (be VaQliamri^rb^', and played ombr^ with 
her and Mm. Barton, the n'ux*^ of Sir I.'uuc 
>i>Lirtnn. In ' lji>tt«n!, Poein*. niid T(i'i'_*. 
Amorous, Satjrkal, and Ualliint, wbick 
paawd bet;w«ea aereral per»oue) of dist inct ion. 

Jtnbliabed from their re«|Mi-iivt* 4)rii;inuU 
uund in the cabiuL'l uf ibat ti'lfbratfil Tnu^^l 
Mrs. Ann« Loor, slnct.- Iitr dMrn^iutt ' ( ed. 1 7 liS, 
Fomter>r.),ia a-vrhimfiic-Bl decr«» forcon- 
«tudinfr a tn=wJ.y between ' iJr. Swift of T^ei- 
Oietcr Fivlds uiid Mrt,. LvtXfi of Albi>ninrli> 
filfMl,' which ia followed by a 'letter «d- 
droMod to Mrs. xVnne Lonir of Draycot from 
<he orifice of my inkpot.' When Swift rauc 
In London in 8t-i>t«ui)ier 1710 be wus difiap- 
|>oitit<ed to find that she bad retired to tbut 
» vile countrr town,' Lynn in Norfolk, under 
the assumed name of Smyihe, in onler to 
'lire ebeap and pay hur dei>t«.' 8he dit-d nt 
Lthdoo 22 Dec. 1711, audwu biiri«din the 
■chape) of St, Nicbolaa in ibat town. Swift 
iiaetted a paratrrapli on ber death in ibc 
• Port Boy," in ordrr to vex b«r brother, Sir ' 
Jame«, who had meanly rvfusvd to ftdranc» ! 
Bcr Doner on ■ legney, and who ' would fain 
iMTe kept her death' a itecret, to save the 
ftfasrff* of bringing hor up to bury bcr or , 

l^rHUg into nxHiniitifr ' (*•■•' Juurutil tn Str/ia, 
l'5 ik-c. 1711, ttud .Swirr, tVorAa, psaaim ; 
CiurK and Foiun-tR, Z/ir*, paj»im). 

[.Aiilirejf'si l,iv«». 1813, u. 132-8; Aobt«y'a 
Wiltshire Topographical Collections, ed. for 
^lllaljire A n-hK'otugical Sue. b/ J. E. JspIuoh, 
Benaes, ISO'J. p. 316 ; Journal of Brit. Ardweol. 
A«fHM. xxl Wi: Addit. H». 19140; CbiUy'a 
Iionc Family, p. 28 : A Great Victory obtAinrd 
bv bir WiiliBin Wnllrr nnd Licutcnant-gvnenl 
Cromwoll, U44;CaI..Stat«Pap«r»,Dom.lfl45-7i 
r-p. 2S5-3 ; CuIHoeV, Wotton'e, and Barfc«'« 
Baron etugta.] T. B. 

LONG. .TAMES (1814-1887), miaaionary, 
bcm in 1^14, f<|>ent some part of bis early 
life in llututia. He was oroained deaoon la 
t)iii> rhurob of Kngland tn I8S9, and prie«t 
in iIm-' foMuwiufT yiar. About 1**4B be went 
til Indin a» a miivtinnart' in the aerf ice of the 
C'hiircb Missionary Srwiety, and waa sta- 
tioned at Tlmliurpiikur. a littb- village in th« 
dietricl uf tli-- Twi'nty-four l'ar}°:nnas, u few 
milea south of Calcutta. He devoted bim- 
•elf to improving lh(' social condition of (bo 
naiivei) quiti* an niucb ns to mini.itering to 
tlieir spiritual wauls, and cuniv to be fuiui- 
liarlv known M Padre L/>ng, In If^il, when 
the{)l«pnte between the European and native 
iniligii ]dntilers had culniiiialed in an iniligo 
war tbr>'ii;.'bout Nndi)niand u1 bur dipt rictx in 
Lower lienfral. a Bengali poet, Dinabandhlt 
Mitm, wroti^ a drama, ' Niladarpana Nataka,' 
exiMwing till- rymnny of the indijfo plankTv, 
a draoM which bna been dx'fli^iated aa a sort 
of oriental ' L'nclo Tom's Cabin.' To on 
Hngliili version of thiis work l^ong wr«it^ a 
[in-fao! nJver«'ly critictaing (he Knglish presa 
at t'ulcutlo. lie n-as indicted for libel, and 
aentenced to a tine of one Tboitsutid rupees 
and n month's imprisonment ( '/'Af tiintnry 
tjf thif \U Itiirpan, r.vVA fAr State Trtnl of 
J. lyjttff for itt Pulli'-ation. tcith Mr. J^/nff § 
fiitatrmfiit. HfatetMnl nf W. S. S. Karr, Ac, 
Calputra, \m\ ; Ntat^m^ifoftAe Iiei\J. Lomf 
uf hi/i C'lnn^tion rifA tAr Sil Ihtrjtan, Col- 
ciitto,184>l ; Trial •/ J. Icrtff for tAe Publica- 
tion Iff tAf AY/ Darftttn. v^tA Itorumfnft cn- 
ttriifd irith Ua (i^ifil Cim/latinn, l^ndon, 
ISiil ; Slrikr.tiHtAriir! Eridetur r-ifiUntiitnry 
itf lAe Jmiiffo Su'tcm in L"tcer Iffmjal, Cal- 
ciltta, ls<il). With Kuania he always kept 
up bin ronneclion, and waa wi^ll known nt 
the Kufd-ian c^tiirt. In hia wriliDgf> he dwelt 
on tin- similarity between Ihc social Bvalcm 
and folklore of that country nnd India. He 
waa a member of the RiUffTil Asiatic Society 
and tt fellow of tb" Royul Oni^raphical Sf>> 
ciety. A short time before bis death be 
assigned to the Church Missionary Society 
L>,(KX)^-T to nmvirle popular lecturea on iha 
religions of tho tm»\. He returned to Bug' 




. ^ 


Und in 1872, oud (UmI at 3 Adam Stntt, 
Ad«lphi. London, on 23 March 1687, m hta 

wv^iit^' -f'tiirt h year. 

Long wius KUlliiir of: 1. ' Handbook of 
HiMi^al MieaiuRB in eoiini^ctiuii nilli tlie 
CUureti of England,' \f^. 2. 'Brngiili Pro- 
verbs,' I80I. 3. * Xott'9 of a T'Hir fnim f'al- 
ciitta U> Didlii,' ISVt. I. ' Wlml niny be | 
duuo : aTnict fur lVr»uas ttn^a^fud in Educa- 
tion/ ll^W. •*. * A dowriptivp (-"ntnloffnt' nf 
Bengali WorUfl, vontaiTiinp a drwiriifit'd List 
of fcmrt«<*ii hundn^l IVii^nli Ituokf,' Ic*>'i<'>. 
6. 'Note* und Queries siitfg'-sivd by a Visit 
to (.irjsjw,' IS**!!!. ", 'Nil l>iirpan, fir ibe 
Indian Plaatinj^ Mirror. ADmna tratislat^-d 
Ijy i» Native ri.»i. J. I-oiigl,' l*Jl. H. 'Oen- 
rm Aaia and British ludia. Ity a Ilritiith 
Subject 'j.c. J. l^njT,' lPtli». 9. * Krilofe 
Kablee, lran»liit«i frnm th« Hiu^aiati,' IWW. 
10. 'PrabadMalu.orclivWitot'Kuiitiab Ryots, 
us^bownlu tliL'irProTerbji,'li?tf!'. 11, •Scrip- 
tun; Truiti \\\ OrifrU!!! llri-w, iir Eiiilib-tus 
t!X[ilanaturyDf Bibliral ltnRtrini« and Murals, 
wiib rvfownce to Piovt-rbs iu the Arabic. 
Bfing/ili, flannwai', and I'niii Ijingtiajti's,' 
1H71. \'l. ' 'I'Jiy Eri»terii (JihMiiiidci in its 
An,glii-lndiua[ui[ii<:t,'lrt7". 13. ' KnMfrnI*rt>- 
verbs (ind Emblems illustrating old Truths,' 

Among Lii.s nnntrihrilioni^ Ij.t pi^'riodionl lite- 
rature wurt : 1. 'Analysis cif tbc lionguli 
rcwm Iliij MaU, or Olirnniclfft of Tripiira" 
('Joumiifof Asiatic Sffcii-H i>f IWit'al.'lK.V), 
xix. tWi-'*7 I. 'J. 'Aiialy»ia of ibe Ixugbti 
Vansa, a SunHkrit P(>uni of Kalidasa ' (.r'fr. 
1B62, xxi. -M-V-ri). 3. ' A Upturn of the 
^'aoif^ and \Vrttinjr« nf olo Perwins. ron- 
noctt'd with llenKul LitiTaliir", vifhor as 
Authnrsor TransUrors of print^'d Uouks, and 
aCatalojifueof Ileiigali Ntwspatvers fnim 1818 
to IS-**-^ ' (• SHleclioni* fmm ibf KcpordHof the 
Ut3ti^alOovi.'riiiui'iil,'l8V"», No. nxii.) 1. *Ite- 
tunu ndntitifr to Itm BL<nii:uU Lanpuag^e in 
18.17, wirli ft List of the nativf iVrj-^vs, tint 
Itnokfl printt"d, rlifir Pritp nnil Charartrr, 
with a \otiuH of ihi-- (.'ondi'ion of the Ver- 
niiciilnr l*n'*« of BL>ngal, and 3iati!*tios of the 
lloinbay and Miulni.t Pn.-sft;*' {ih. IKTrf), Nn. 
xxxii.) •'i. ' Till? Indi|i<;noitB Plants of Ben- 
sal, with Xote» ou Pei.-uliKritie« in th«ir 
Structure. Funcliyns, ubca in Medicine, D'>- 
mmticl.ifi'. Arts, and Agrii'iihtin'' ('Jourital 
of India A^iculliirBl Socictr," It*-"t7 ix. 39f<- 
424, 18.*9 X. l-ia. a-'ts-dl. xi. 4>U7'>), 

6. 'Five liundryd Quf*iinni on iht' Social 
Condition of Nalivtw of n'<iit;al' ('Journal 
of Royal Asiatic Society,' I84i(i, Ij. 44-S4). 

7. 'I'opiil'ir Iti'tiiTiili PrikviTliA illiij^trntiiiiif thi' 
Social Coniiilioii ami Opini'm't of itiu Kyot^, 
Worhlug Dlnesi'H. and \VoitM*ii of IVitiial' 
{' TrariB. of Bentj"! ^^''^d J^iwico Ajwrjciation,' 

18e8,pt.i.pp.l»V4^>. t<. 'PevpsiDtoSociid 
I^fe ID Calciilta a Cuntnry ago* («*. l-'*68, 
jrt. ii. pp. 1H7-21 1 ). 9. 'C'uIoull« and ibnnbay 
in thctr Social Aspecta' Kih. 1870, pp. 9-f^), 
All ibc aboTt werw reprinted ih-parately. 

[Cbt. of Bengali Printed Itookn ta Uie Urit. 
M««.; Trubi»r'> Lie, Roeord, 18S7, p. 24: Tim**, 
7 April 1887. p. A: Ai-ailemy. 9 A|-ril IS8T, 
p. 24i ; .IthMWum, & April 1887. p. 480.1 

O. C. B. 

LONG, JOIIX (IMS-l/iK?). arnhbisliop 

of Anaugh, bom in Ixindon in 154^, was' 
educated at Eton. He contrilmtod four Latin 
epigmms to thi? verges prt-senti-d liv Eton 
scholars to (jut'fn Klitabi'tli at ^Vindsor 
Castle in l''i0.3. Ht afu-rward* proctwded \(y 
King's t'oll*'^,CanibridBi',whnri* b>* wa> ad- 
mitted a ."-i'bular on 13 Aur. ir»04. AIthnu;;h 
n-imtt-dti profound ttcholar, bo Be(>iua to have 
IftJten uodogn>o. After holding many lirina;* 
in England, ho was protnoteii to the w of 
Armagh and prlniat-y of all Irebind in July 
1584, on the nomination of Sir John Perrut 
[q. v.\ th« Iord-<lepiitT. to vrhoiD lh*j appoinl- 
oent bad iR't'ii rrfi^m-d hy tL4> queen. He 
was rondu a member of ihe privy council in 
In:hiuditkl>']K.'>, anddiudat Dro^bednin l.'>69, 
he-ingbiiriVd in Primate tlctavian'sraidt at St. 
Peter'.*, l)ro«hodii, I.ord-d«*piitv Fitzwillinm, 
in a lettor.datpd 12 Feb. l'jSS-l>,l(» William 
LyciiirQ.v.i.bighop of Cork. r-Mnarki".' that th& 
late JolmI»np, archbishop "f.\rmnph,lov»Kl 
gocxlcbwr Imi ton wull,' Hit widow, Anne, 
]if»tilionwl Fitzwilliamfor rtdicf, *on art'ount 
of tlic poor*; oslale !*lie hath Vk^u left in with 
the chanlge nf children, ami aerrAnt^, and 
people,' seeing that hpr gn(Ml!> to the \'alDi* 
of l(i^ S}a. 4d. 'hud het>n seixed, \alued, and 
pmiaed to her inajetlyd use, toward* her 
majesty's witiitfapiion of the 20tli parte of 
the said diocfsc' Tla- r»'ply to her jn-titiou 
Ktateii 'that her aaide Ute husband was a 
pood and faithful conncellore of this Id-^rde,* 
I Accrdinply, on ]R May I.'i'^>, the wid'>vr'» 
pravLT was gruntvd, and payuient of further 
dueji to the rrown was excused. 

(Il'irwood's Alumui t^toneuHw; Stawurt'a Ilia* 
; lory of Armnch ; Cril. State Papers. Irelund ; 

Ware'n Ci«lii>(iii ; Cotton's Fii"!! Keel. Ilib, ; 
I Lyni'li's Fciidxl Uignttiftt ; Cooper's AlIicdai 

Cflntwbr ii. 72.] W. R-u 

I LONO, JOHN* St, JORX (179^1830, 
empiric, second .inn of John Long, basket- 

' maker mid jnck-or-all-tradei*, by Awne St. 
John, was b'>rn ut Newcastle, co. Limuhckf 
in 1798. and was brud to his father'0 variou* 
ocdjpEtliiinK.but showinR some gift for draw- 
ing waM, in IHIH, pn>vidi>dhy hoiiie cliarilnbla 
peoplij with ihe ineaiu uf attending th* 
I>uljlin school of deaifpi. After two yi«r* 





Dublin bi> TvluriM^ to liin nxtim 
pUc«,ftBtlii)»iutaiiiRd hi[tifi<^Ifliy ^i villi; (Imw- 
tng Ics»on«. H« aUo |f&iiitf<J aomv |Hi-tiirv« 
af etiti lift* rhi] msul>- »omc attempts at Innd- 
Bcaue&n<l|xir1ruil puiiiting. In llr^liliprame 
to LondoD, where ha mhiii oxcliariftid u-c for 
mniicinc, having lit uxk>ii iiii itntimy orifrinal 
uid other eomplsmts, vijt, tlie appliration of 
ooiTNivf! lioiiueuts aiid Iriction. Ho bt>piu 
|in4:tic» in llnwUnd Street. Fitxroy Square, 
m 18^7, and fnunii it vo lucrative that after 
Afevnonth^luTwiiiovi'd to 41 HarlcySirpet, 
whert for iK>me years he vttn (|iiilc tlio 'iiit-'K'- 
ciii N lu mod*?.' (.hii> of his pauuiil^, however, 
fajtvitif: dipd from (hi-.-tri-ctn of bis treatment, 
be wa« tried at i Lu < lid ltiiilt>r, and was found 
fuilty of marwUught^r on 'jH Ocl. l!<{U, but 
wu diwhafvvd on paying • fine of 260/. 
Another trial on n siniilar charge ttiid^Kl in 
*n acquittal. Huhimfielrdied<if aconsiimp- 
rion, which be would not treat hy his own 
method, oo 2Ju]<r 1834. HAbroiit-Athed his 
pru]K>riy, incluttiiif; hiii 'w-ctlI, whiirh he 
valued at lll.(.KIO/., to his hrothi-r William. 

l^ug puhli^Ked; 1, "Discoveriefl in the 
Seieocu and Art of Ue^hng',' I/tndon, lH;iO. 
8vo; L'nd edit. Ih:JI. -J. 'A Critical Ex- 
posure of xhi! I^ntontncv and Malprsrtici- of 
certain Medical I'ractinoners in their Theory 
and Tnntueni of I>i,>eii#t*,' Sx. Loudan. 
1831, 8vo. 

[Awi. Bio^.xx.lSfl: Oont. Man. 1830 pt. H. p. 
tfl. 1884 pt. ii. p. G64 : T\i-'» Ol/M'rmt iohb ujkiq 
Uw Sjslem of Mr. John Si. Jnhit Lnne. riirlti^n< 
faaiii.lA3I,8iO; A D«rfoitc*ijf JoliuSt-Jt'linLodif. 
Kaq.,&c.. LoodoB. 1831. 8to.) J. M. R. 

LOXG. Sir LISLEBUNE (10)3 IfluO), 
q>e&llt!r of the IIoum of CommoiiA, lh»t ^Ideet 
BOO of William Loof of Stratton, Sonierwt, 
br Marv, daughter nf Thomajt Lo%'ibond of 
»Mrwrll, lalu of Wi|;lit, was baptised at 
Bookiogtoti. Somerset, ia 161U, OA'Coveban,' 
wbieh must harebeenafomiof hismolli^r's 
Bane. He was di<«cendetl from Henry Ijihir 
of TrowhridKO, Wiluhire, who died in UVi.'i. 
HatricuUtiiiK at Mtt^len ll&ll, Oxford, 
4 Oec. lOi' grniduat^-.! It. A. 1 Feb. ]il;X.W 
Itytl, and was f/tlind to the Imr at I.inrulii'd 
Ian in I&IO. Ku nttaiuud distinction as u 
lawyer, and in 1650 became recorder of Lon- 
don, a ma^er of rv^'queslA, and trea*urerof 
I>iauoln'j Inn. On ITi Dec. 106^ be was 
Icnighted by Cromwell. I»n){ sat as jmrlin- 
nMntanan in the Uou^e of Commons for 
"WelU, ltt45-f.3 and 18.U-.i; for tNimorsrt. 
1flAB-8, and for WelU from Jiuuiary \\i.',it 
till hU death. Ou 9 )[arcU lU'^-ti, Chutu 
h«ing ill, Iiong traji appointed to act as 
^leaker till hii recovery, hul on It! March 

hi* own death was rewrted tt» the hoit«e. 
He is doscribnd by Wliitelocko a« ' a verj* 
8ober,dt.M!f«el gRiitleuian. and u jfood lawyer.* 
Bv his wife FniTiceji, daiighti*r»f John Mvnue 
of Kpiom, he left, with oth«r chilJrun, a mu 
Georve ilMi-]7tVi), wlio matrictijated at 
Wadnam Coll^', (XYfurd, in )l)it2, bt-came a 
student of Ltncolu'a Inn tho same year, and 
die<I in 1705. 

[Barton's Di^ry of iha I/>rii Fnrltnrai'Dt. od. 
Ratt.tT.fl:K.U9, ISO; Mricnlfa'*Knighta,p.203; 
Manning's Spiwlcnv of tb« Ilouw uf ComsDODs; 
l-'t'stcr'a Alamni Oxun. IJOO-ITU: Misc. Gtm. 
et Hw. B»w »#r. iii. 70 ; ItetaruB of Uvinbeni of 
Parlianw-iit.J W. A. J- A. 

LONO, Sir HOBEUT 01. 1073), auditor 
of the cxcheqiier, was youngiwt son of Sir 
Walter Idiij^ of Wnxball and DnLvcot ia 
WillsLint, by his second wife, Catherine, 
daught«r of Sir John Thyuu^ of Lon^Ieat iu 
the mme county. 11^ was elected meinber- 
oF parliament for Ik'vizeii in \ii2'>, for Mid- 
buret,Suw4x,in l(UO,ttudforIloroughbridge, 
Yorlf«hiro,ia I6dl. In ltM3 he became tem- 
porarily writer of the tnllieii in the exchenner; 
lifi also held the oJVic^ of i-urvejor of tbo 
queen's lands. In l(t44 Loan betnme Mcre^ 
larv of tho newly croaied council for the 
Prtuceof Wttlett. fhi 4 Dec. It'-IR a warratit 
was iasued authoristutt payiiii>iil to htm of 
eocloBtaatical tenths for tho liine'a u£e. IIu 
was suspected, however, of I reacaerous deal- 
in([.i witli rhi! l-^arl of Ks3ex. and passed lo- 
London, and thtince to France. lie was at 
Parifi on 4 May lti46, and miido a nomplaint 
of the treatment he bad received tolbequcva. 
Henrietta Maria liked l>ong, and bo bccama 
one of her parly as up|M]sfd Eu that of Hvdt*. 
She sent faun banlt to thi* ^^rince, with wliom 
he l«)ok part in the expedition to the Thaine* 
of ltS4W, ami he and John ('olept-ii#r [fj.y.] 
were hlaoied for its ill succor's. At Id<^' lla^io 
and Amsterdam in November l(54S thestorr 
wBs repented that 1/ong had been bribed. 
He continiii-d, howi-vcr, in favour with the 
iriniw, and on 14 May lli49 he was placed 
y Charle* on his privy council, lie wan at 
Urnsaelg in July, and at I'aris in September 
of that year. Hyde, however, Tlioiicht in 
l-'obruiify Ki-'jO that l>i>njr'6 rvi^ was draw- 
ing to an end. In 1050 he wuawith ChnrW 
in Jersey. 

Lonjf was reJied on by the niujcn to carry 
out Colt'peiKT's policy in Scotland in lOijU, 
and to keep Charles tirm iu the presbyterinn 
alliance. But Arjryll wein* tohavo ^ispivTed 
him, niid he was n.-li-K^cd from hia uttendanco 
on the prince, and arrived in Amsterdam lu 
1651. While there li» tried bv a misuse of 
Charles's authority tn keep Hyde from goin^ 



tfO l*liriii. In the manafremtMit tit ChnrlvJiV 
mnney nmtroTs, ^vhich witi; Urgflly in bis 
liiLiuIo, lie LTuitiutl II ruuiLlulioii fur uviirice. 
Ill tbe early part of IG-ii! Colonel Wogftn 
ivvived th(! storUis of I^onff'si trencherr in 
1(!-Ut, iintl l.fiiifr nnl. oii!y «'hnlli'fige>[ Wnftan 
to fi>:liL, l>ul muiJu u vLTy uiiiboralu (IvfciiL'u la 
writing. la I6&3 he iiK'itedi fSir IticUirH 
■<{rL>nviIIe to hrinfj an al)surd cliarge against 
llydeof hariiiphnirlnn iiilyrviitw wiih I'roni- 
w«-U ill Luiulun, which was t'H«ilydi8[>nMi;il, 
lUWtutanotluTcbiLTeeofneg-Iectolduir. J-o»p 
wuB accordingly cfismissed frfim his s(*cre- 
larysliip of tht> kirifj'rt eauiioll. hiil. in KfrSl, 
aftt?r iiinfiiif; HyJi^'fl jmrtluii, lie ivns n-Blored 
to faTour. The circumBtaiice thut his eetaW 
■waa siimestratwl bv the parliamt^nl in IftSl 
<rt'. }ItJ<f.MNS.i'fm,m.7\U lU'V- App.p. 1±.') 
tffi-inx to prove that thi.< cLfir^ea a|,rjiin?l him 
■were untrue. In June 1054 ho was in London. 
At the Ilrslnrntinn l^im^ was muJp a 
linroii.'t (1 Sept. IfHfO); y Sf^il. HMSO 
liU UHJ7 he wuBchaucL'lWof tho t^xcLcijUfr; 
on -1 -May 1 lJ6:i he wa* made niidilor of the 
«xph«|Lit-r. llecnnt.initad liis frit;ndslitpwiili 
till! i|iit»Ji-d£iwft^yr, fur whom frcrni 10151 
he attain actwl as surreypr. his aprointmeiit 
boinp conHnnt'd on 111 .Iiine If}"! (cf. fW. 
JSfafe Ptiperg.Unm. UIH0-I,|>.47H,anfl //iV. 
M»S. Comm. Uth Ukw. pi. iv. p. 2f*). On 
22 St:pt. 1670 Ubarlea II irri'iii^cl him a lonff 
IwiBCof thetirtflt Park, Gn?at Purk Meadow, 

•and a hoiisi* calliTi W'orrt'jUYT Hwi-'u', all at 
Nonsucb, Surruv. Ilu H<i-iiifi tu havt,> hval 
there before {.at Pepvs, TJinrifj iii. 139, 173), 

■On 3 July Ifi7ll he liecanifs pni-j-conncillyr. 
Ijonf;diRdiiiiinnn'i«'ditn l^i.ltily U573,«nilwa3 
Litrivd iiiWuwdniiiislLT Ahljey. Ifi-k-ft by liifl 
will.dalwl 27 March, and provMli!ODetf.lC73, 

-^001. to Sir Uichard Alasnii, the husband uf 
his niecf, Anna .Mar^iiri'trn, to hi' exjipiiih'd 
fur tbo huiii-'lil (if liid ton), a be;jUL-8t ihat 
roused a suspicion that hu wa* secretly a 
Roman cotholic, Hia larpi? properly paflacd 
to his iirp!n-w, Jami-s (IttlZ-UfHii) ](j. v.', to 
whom t he biiniiK-tcy ftlj*o dcscciidwl by virl iia 

-<if the limitation in rho piitfnt- A portmit of 
Lonff, hy Sir Potor Lely, la in pnsseasion of , 
Hart Drownlnw. Lellurs from l.nng nifiv hi* , 
found in Britifth .^luseutn Ailditiunitl JfSS. 
IfiKIH, IKilHL>,L»U:J7, and 30305. A aeries of 
ri'jiDrtB of iiruwwlinjfs in the* IJoiw of Ij^^rds, 
State Papuro, .tc, romiin^ Additinnal MS.H. 
27323-7, La aaeribed to him, hut was prybiiljly 
founded on bis collections. 

[CUraadoD'a Hint, of thn Rolmllton, Oxfonl 
•«iL. Tula. ir. r. ; C'al. of ClarDndoii Htata Piipars, 
I tuiMiini : Mniining and Br^y'tt Surrey, ii. liOKj 
■CkI. State I'apon. Dqiu. 1600-0, Choelor's Hoi?. 
of WwiiDiiiihitT Abbey; >Tiw. Gen. i-t. Heriild, 
newscr. iii.&8; LctteritoSir JoMph VilliamMm 

(Canid. Six!.), pp. 101, liid. n«; Ereljui* Diary 
and Comop. ir. 199-i: r«py»'« Ifiarv. ii. 131, 
iii. I2»,],r.4: Rrtiiniof MBmbrn of 
Pari.; It«m«inbt«uci&, p. 167; Burk«'» Kxtiact 
Baruuclciea.] W. A. J. A. 


li^;.'''j^, lii-ittifii&at-^'^fnerat, oncuf the atschll- 
drpn of F^ward Louf [q, v.], the hiatorisD 
of Juniiiica, bom at heaie, Snrrev, * April 
1771, wuA educ^ated at Harrow Scbtjol and 
fti the miiversily of fJuttin^'i-ii. On 4 May 
17ii! lit* was appointed cornel in the Utkin^t 
dragoon giiardsi. In which cnrtis he became 
lieuienant in April and captain in N'ovi*m- 
b^r 1793. He i-urvwl with hi» n.-Kimi'nt in 
Flanders iind^r the I'ube of York in 179$- 
1794, and was deputy adjutant -general to 
Oirm^ral Sirfieorge Don 'i\. v.] in the winter 
retreat to Germauy in 17i4-5. H« rolumod 
borne from Ouxhtivcn in JunimrT 1706, lAd 
aftiT serving as hritnide-major and aide-de- 
camp to fTtmend Sir William Pitt at Port*- 
mouth, he ohtauied a. majority lu th« York 
nuiffers,nnd wn» iippointed licuienant-^oloiiel 
ofjloinjiesch'smouiitedriflyinen" Feb. 17WJ1. 
lie mmnianded that n^jrinient in lr>?liu)d in 
17!jy whet] it was employed under General 
(Sir J(ihn> Moorc^in \V«tford. In 1600 ho 
was transferred to the York hiiswirR, a very 
fiue coniB of foreign cavalry, whieh he com- 
mandftf, chieflv at Weymouih. uuiU ii was 
disbanded at the peace at Ainicns (rf. G. U. 
Hlkiu, TJu- Hu*mr). After siiulyinp at the 
fienior di:))iirtiuvtit Itoyal MJlittiry CoUegv, 
Great Marlow, Lonp wa* appointod Ueute- 
nnnt-coUmel in tbe 10th Itghl drngootu. 
whence ho was trnnafBrred in IWomlxn- 1805 
to the \r>\\i liftht drng^rKii^, of which Enivst, 
diik.' of Cwmborland, nfthrward» Emt'*t I of 
Hanover [u. v.], was colonel. Under Imh^s 
cmontaiidlae regiment waaconvertwl in I?*<)6 
into a huHsar corps. Tbe scarlet elolh ^hulco, 
long a di;4tinctive headdr«ii»of the ngim«nt, 
wafi copied fnim the York husaiir«. Lonif was 
appointed colonel on X\iv. etairinS[iaiii in 1K08. 
lit) landed l/> Jan. l!-^00at CDruniiB,tbeniKhl 
befnrc ihe butt le, at which bo wan present , but 
held no command. Jle wan adjutant-ffeneral 
to Lord Oliatham at Walcheren in the same 
year. In iJr'IO he joined WelUnf^u's army 
tn Portiitral, withthe rank of brigadier-g^ne- 
ml, ond commanded a brignda of cavalry 
under General Willirtm Onrr Beresfnrd in the 
ftlFniraof Canipn Maiur and Lo» Santos (GtrB-^ 
woiin, iv. 720, 775'), and under Sir Howland 
Hill ill Ibe opL-rutioiu) uf 1811-12 {th. v. 01, 
a5i. vii. 11 ; Siippl.Desp.xWl. 66(1.(111), Gijll). 
lie conmiimd>-d a brigade, coiDp"*edof llio 
Ptli ami Utth lifi'hr dragnnna, at the iMittleoT 
Vitturin (gnld iticihiltiind in Ili]l'i-<)]i^ralion9 
in tbe Pyrenees and the invealmentof Pnm- 





peluM (cf. A. Tii. »39. xiv. tHW, 309, 216). 
lie niHR ivcBlle*] 1)T (irdcrs from liomt> oon- 
trarr to lii« wi^hi-s, sppttrentlj to m&kd way 
for a moTO hrourwl omcer, and declined iin 
offer of a ooDuoand in Sootlwid. 

Ijnnfi AnpeATs tn harf^ had diffiRiitTieewitll 
Mushal ]3«n«furd whvn uoder Lis commiuid 
in tbe Poninsulk. Some ymn sft^^r I/we^'h 
death his nevhev, Charles Edn-«rd l-»iig 
fq. T.], publianed two pumphlt^ltt, vindicat- 
ing cucoMBfallT his uncle's conditct, toore 
pArticuUrlj at unmnn Mt\ior, from ittrictiires 
contained in Napier s ' Htj^tory of tlm P(.-nia- 
sular War,* and in «om« let tent of Irttrd Bon!«- 
fcrd(«ee iVar. and MU. Gazette, April and 
SI Aug. 1K.«), 

After lii» ntum bomc Long becAmti a 
iB«jor-9«aeral in ISl 1 and lieutenant -general 
in i&2\ . He was retained as a eupemumerary 
lieutenant-coloni-l of iJio l<Vh Liissars up to 
his death, wliii^b t<x)k place in Burkeley 
Sq^uare, London, 2 Marcli 1825. 

fAnnf LisU: OarvowI'H Wellin);tDii t>WKp. 
Tnb. iv. ». ri. ; Wellington Hoppl. I>c«p. ri)l9, rii. 
Tiii.xiii.ziT.; CanDon'aQift. Ri^\ IdthHoMin, 
al«o 9tfa [Ati«ixrB and 13th LiRht Dr.i^r><Ku ; Obdu 
Mag. 1818. i. 659, 1625. 1. 373] H. M. C. 



LONG, ROGER (lt>80-l"rO),diriQe and 
mnmpr, was born on 2 Vnh. ItiSO at 
ixlon Park, Norfolk. Lducaled at the 
pnblic srlionl of Norwich, lie nntt^ntl Pt'ai- 
brok« llall. C&mbridfre, on 4 ^larch \tSiXi, 
gnduoted B. A. in 1 700, wu fU-ci':^ a fvllow 
of bis coIleffD in 1703, and pruci^^ed M.A, 
in 1701. In the ttniu year he resigned hiii 
fellow»lup, haring been entered as a feltow- 
cotnnocier at Kmnuuiui^l Coile^, wthfirv he 
rMidedasprivatoIutortoSir WuUhm Dixie. 
Tie returned, however, later to Pembroke 
Hall, and read lectures on astronomy there 
for many jBars. As tri|Kiii orator in 1714, 
hw delivered a ' muMC flpeoch,*iD J..ali]i proM.> 
allematinf; with Engliah ver»^, which wae 
Beveral timpM rpprinted. In I r2>*, probably 
on the occatuon of tteorf^ IPs vii^it to ('nm- 
bridge, • defftee nf D.D. wa« eoiLferrt>il upon 
him, and beinij then vicar of Cherry Uinton 
roent Bermon on ' Tne Klessedness of Be- 
Ueving.' On tbe rc^i^oialion of Dr. Hawkins, 
be wu elected tnaMer of IVmbroke Hall on 
12 Oct. I7S3, and in November vice-chan- 
cellor of tbe university. In IT-W b*^ was 
cbo«eD to be the first occiipnnt of thu Lowd- 
dean chair of oxtronomy and geometr)*, and 
in 17fil hi." excbiingml the n-ctory of Overton 
Watervtlle in 1 i untinpdiin.'<hire., to which he 
bad been prewn(»-d insiiiy ywir* previoui'ly 
brhts collef^. for that of i{ritdwi^ll-n''nr.the- 
^ea in Essi-s. i>ong ervcted in I'OTi, in 

one of tbe courfaof Pembroke Hall, n hollow 
revolving .•tpliere, eighteen feet in diuiieler^ 
repre»viUtug on tit inner surface tha amta- 
rent movtmcat* of the he«vfuly bodies. 
Thirty spwtatora cuuld be occommodateif 
within it. 

ijoirn publishiMl tbe first volume of an jm- 
portanr work on antroromy in 174:?. nnd a 
second inHtatmetiL in 17tt4. Ita eompletion, 
ponlpoued until 1 7H1, devolved first u]ii})i ICi- 
chaid Diinthome [q. v.], Iinally upon Walea. 
briRii-npis,' lie printed in 1731 'Tb« I{i;,'hUof 
Chun^!ie« and ColIeKes defended;' puhlit<lied 
in I7'V) a reply to l>r. Henry Oftlly's [4, v.] 
]>nnipb!>'t on (In-ek accent'*, and wlitcil in 
17'*>7 Ot.-kley's ' History of the Hiimceni- ' fi>r 
the benefit of the author's ditug^hlers. ^^oale 
of his experiments on stellar parallax nre re- 
ferred to by HiT-chplCPAiV. '/r« 

I>ong wait of a dellcuti) conatitution, and 
adopted for h\» beaJth's »ake & very obate- 
minu!* mode of life. Yet lie wa* described, 
when iu bis et^bcy-cighth vear, ae ' for hi* 
reara veget« and active,' und in October 17(i$> 
he vras a second time nominated vice-cban- 
cellor of the nnireniity. Some of hia faoi*- 
tious reparitwa ftchiev*^ celebrity. Hn died 
on 10 Dec. 1770, and was buried in Trinitv 
College. He left a bequest of 600/. to Pem'- 
broko Hall- He wiis elwlefl a fellow rjf tho' 
Knyal Society in 1729, and subseniienlly 
joined the Sjialding tfaciety. 

[Advi!rli*einitiiL at close of vol. li. uf lxi»^» 
Afitrunnmy ; Memoir |>reflxe<i to Mumiq Spcwl, 
lAJudoii, 1811); Button's Mntliutnttticsl Diet. 
1813: Cooper't Annals of Cambrid^^. iv. 115; 
Gwniinn Hn. Itt34; A]tibone*H Critical Diet. of 
Kngtifili lit.; Oant. Mag. ITSl p. A30, 17S3 

&923: L« Neve's FaMi (Hardy); Le Kenx's 
emorials of Qafflbrd^^e. i. 12; Nic-hola's Lit. 
Anocd. ri. Hi. \t. £4.1; W<itt'>i Bibl. Brit. ; De- 
Uiubre's Hbt. de I'.Vilro&oiaie au xviii* Sikle. 
p.R3o; Wnir.iOf^i^hirlitedarAfllronnmie'.p. 7'M; 
LKlando's BibL Aatr.; Pogneodorff'e Biog. Lit, 
Handviirtvrbucb ; Oole'a Atbeoa Caiitabr. Add. 
MS. 68TA. f. 6«.] A. 31. C. 

LONG. SAMUEL fl03ft.168.11, speaker 
of the House of Awemblv at Jamaica, b^m in 
IfiriH.wa.'i.'tecnndsononSmrtdiy l>ing( IrtlO- 
14391), and was t^nwdftcin of John Lon^ (li. 
1030) of Netheravon, Wiltshire. IIisinot.h«r, 
Jane, was only daughter of Oliver BmnselV 
virar of Wmujrbton in ibn Knine county 
ilDl^KE, Landrd Omtry, 7th edit. ii. Ilf'i>?). 
He served a* lieutenant in Colonel Kdwam 
D'Oyley's regiment, in tbe expedition, under 
Pennand \'ennhleR,whicbcon<|iiored.Tamaica 
in I'l^jfj, and waa apjiointed «.*cretary to 
Cromwell's conimissionrrs He n-c<.-ivod 
large grants of bind in Jamaica, and by lUOl 

wua clerk of llie House of Asiiembly (Cat. 
Htnte Papers, Cnl. Sor., /\jutT., and tLeWaat 
Indie*, 1661-8, p. 47). In November Ifi64 
he Wfls rharppd with t.rPBsnn bv Sir Thamaa 
^Vbt:t»ttOIlO,lM!l(inB on bdmlf of flic liifig, be- 
fore tlie govtimor, council, and asMinbly. 
He had, it wo* alleged, in May r>f that year 
<sauBed hitHRelf Tn bo ualawftilly eliKted 
spciaker of tin- iiswnibly, and haJ later con- 
trirMl lUfgallv his appoinlmc-nt as clerk, and 
he had Cftiued lo Xw |iaM«tt'd ordt^nn and %'0U>m 
with intention to »Mts Xh*' h'gislative power 
into Ills own haiidt, incliiditi{< an act for the 
estaMiBhtoBnt of a parliculartreaBUry of the 
inlund, with hiinsylf a» trwisiirtT,i[Ho which 
nil the kinj^a revenue was to lie jiaid, anj 
from which no monuystHnilil beijwued with- 
out order from tli*" fl*«i>nihly. He had, 
moreover, il was said, doiiP V\« utmost to 
'iiifii»f> liin traitomiiH nrinciplca ' into the 
nmmbcra. A wflrmnt for liia apprehension 
was issued, but pnpuUr (V^ling favoured 
Ijong, nnd na furtli(<r slc-uu woru lakon {Ui, 
J«M-K, pp. 2fil, L'77, ay/). Long had in 
fiict madi- a bold ali^-iupr tn reform existing 
^nanciaj ahusiw. hi IH71 h^ was acting oa 
judge for the parishr? iif C'larondon nnd St. 
TCii^iaheth {ih. ](HKI-7-l, p. ^.U). II« wae 
ek-ctt-J to tin? assembly as mtrnber for Cla- 
rendon in Janimry W7'2, havinjr tlicii nc- 
nuired iIih rank of citptaiii, and on 1 Fi'b. 
tulIowinGf wa>t ehoKi-n KpnitLipr on the nomi- 
nutionol I lip govt-rii'ir l^/fr. i>p. SM,.'}^*!, S-il). 
Ill May lt!73,anda(raininrVbniary Ui74,l>fi 
was retunu'd raemlxT for SuIvHllifriiiB, and 
WHS rcappuintfi (iiifiiVi.r (ifi. pp. -IH9, .i.>l o), 
Oil It Aii^. I874.l)fing lIiL-n colon«l, he was 
sworn of the council and Bp[Kiiiit'>fl rhief 
jiwtice (ib. p. fiOHl. l.f»nfr died on 28 Juno 
108.1, aiid was buried in the nitUedra.! in St. 
Kalhcrine'e pariBli (Akches, Mom. Imtrnp- 
tUmJt nf liritith Wftt lHiiir»,\'. '''■'^). By liia 
wife, Eiii!abeth(whf> rpiiiarrifilJuliiiTowMPe, 
rut-lor of 3w(iiniauj llulbeck.Cftcnbridpeihiro, 
and died 1710), ht? had. with three diuightwrs 
(of whom tli« iddfst, Llinabelb. bom 1(170, 
mfirripd, first, Henry Lowe of Odadby Mar- 
wood, Ivoicestorshin*, and, secondly, Henry 
t'maliwood >.l.hree son*, one of whom, f 'harles, 
born in 1679, alone survived. JIi" waflseat^Hl 
at I.<a>n^lte, Jamaica, and was a member of 
cuuDcil and colonel of h'>rso. i'Itiniatt<lr li» 
cam« to England, wttlod at Hurls liall, 
Saxmundbam, Snilldk, bwainfin 17ltJ M.P. 
for Dimwich, and died on 8 May 17^."(. 

IShiirpa's Feamt^D, s t. ' I''aTnli<jruBgli ;' autlw>- 
riti»*c«twl.] O. G, 

LONG, THOMAS f 1621-1707), divine, 
BOn of * Mr. Richard Lonng,' wm bom nt 
Exeter, and baptist-d in the church of St. 
Lawrence on II Due. Uiil (jiar. reg.) He 

bveamu a survitor of Exeter Crtllege, Ox- 
ford, on 5 April KKH), and gradual^ U.K. 
on 29 Nov. 1(^42. He W-oame in 16o2 ricar 
of St. lAwrcnco Cljst, near Exeter, and, 
bt'in^ a staunch churchman and royalist, ha 
lay under a long seqneatmtion during tbi» 
troubles, upholding tliv intvrvsts of the king 
and iho church by constant jirv^ching- and 
writing (Lptter fmra Laniplitgh, bislmp of 
Kxeter, to Sancroft. Ifi April ItKJI, Tanner 
M-VS, in Bodl. Libr. xixii. f. 30). At ihe 
Ki:-(itoration lie was created B.D. of t>xford, 
by royal mandatp.on 20 Sept. ItlHl), and pre- 
Itfindarynf KsftterCfttbednil on IH Jan. I(H)0- 
Itirtl, He rMigiKd hi* prebend on 3 Oct. 
1701. In 16.S4 be declined SancrofV's offer 
of tbtf bishopric (if Bristol on account, it is 
said, of liis age aud large family (VVoOP, 
Atfima, ed, BUse, iv. col. 48C). But another 
authority (WiLria. fiurrej/ v/ CafAafmh, ii. 
78l-ir)r«preRBntabimaii*Bcniplingif at first,* 
and baviuir it denretl him aderwards, ' wbea 
ho would hnv*- accfpi'-d it.' Hin letter of re- 
fiuiul ii> among ihe Tanner MH.S. xxxii. f. 35, 
IIh was proctor for the rlergy of his diocoaa 
(Exeter) in oonrocation in 1699 (Loxo, Vox 
VUri, p. ei>, in imw (Losn, Dr. Walker^ 
account. epi^t. dt-d.). and in 1(11)4 (CHAiman- 
I.AY!fE. An;ilw yoiitia, 1«94, p. 144). He 
died on 7 Dec. 1707, and was buried at St, 
Lawronc-p. Exeter, on 1 1 Hw. (par. rrg.) 

Iiong WHS well read in both ancient and 
modfrn literal ure,nnd was a Totuminous con- 
trorentiiU writer. Wood nys of blm tfant 
bo 'liaih also undargono that very IU)ilsoiD« 
drudgery of reading meirr or moal of Mr, 
Kichard Baxter's works.* Baxter complained 
of Long's ' Unreaponablfnew of ^lepara^ion,' 
as being 'so fiurc^ a book , . .that I never 
aaw anvlilsoit' (lieliq. lii. p, 188). 
Ilia 'Vox Cleri,' condemniiur alterations in 
th« liturgy (of which two editions appeared 
in IWO), called forth a maaa of smaller 
wrilings, of whieli ih" [iriiicipal wa* by Dr. 
William Payne (see BtRcn, ij/c if tUht- 
ron, p. 210). He was firmly persuaded that 
(_'bnrUj> 1 wfc* the author ot the ' Eiknn Ba- 
liilikp,' and in support of this view took part 
iu the war of iminplilets which followed the 
publication of VV'alker'e ' Truo Account of 
lh« Author' in l(W-J fsefl G.vrnBy, JohsI. 

His works I with tlieexiieptioii of Xo, 29 all 
published ill London) iocUido: I. '.'VnKxflTcita- 
tionconceminglhe froquont nweofour Lord's 
Prayer,' ICW. i.'CnLvinii-H BediTivns,' IB".*!, 
.■J. ' Apostolical t'ommunion in the Church 
of Ent'land,' 1873. 4. ' Tlie l'ictnr.> and Cba- 
raeternf a Separatist,' 1877. fl. 'Historyof 
the Dimati8t--t, l(S77. 6. ' Hales's Treatise of 
Scbism examined and censured,' I©^^* («« 
Utter from Baxter to Long in He/i'/. liaxtrr. 










Aiif. V. p. 1(H). 7. ' The Xoa-ConluTmtst's | 

Tie* fcr P«c» unplm<li^' 16^ (•noo.) 

«.*SenBOBMia*tMiinnariiiir,'l«b<l. it. 'Tb<> 

. . . Bwits hj Edwmrd StiUio^^Mt, D.D. 
. . / 1^2 (inon. : we It. HaxtsbV Pmitati 
Ckmfi^mnm, 16PIV 10. 'No PmtMtaat, but 
^be DiaaeDtprs Plot diwovrml ami (Wraatvd,' 
lOKd. 11. • Vin»lic»lK»ii of the PriiDitJT* 
Chriffiiiu.'ldK}. 12. 'Kinir ItaTid'it Danger 
and P«Iiif ranrr.' ItaUL l:{. • Momw and the 
Knv«lHsnTrPanlliil'd,'lttM. l4.'Hist^ 
of JiMhuA. applied to tli« caw of CbarlM U,' 
]nf>4. l.V -Tbe Oriifinal of War.' 16M. 
]rt. 'Comp*^dioua Ilixiorv uf all ilie l^npisii 
and Fanatical Plots aod CH>a«|iiniek'« atfKuut 
tbe eiUibluhed piremtnent in CKurch «nd 

Sut* firomibe first Te*rof Qiw^nEUaa- 

IwUi to IfiHJ,' I0H4. \7'. ' I'mrAsonablaieM 
«>f ItebeltioD; LUSS. 18. 'A K^wlotion of 
FnsMntOoTeTnnu-nt,' ItJff.l. li>. 'The I^'ttcr 
for Toltfretion ll-wk.'"&> IWyplKrvnl,' I66». 
SU. ' liuBi'Ctions inwn . . . Tlit; CaM* of .M1«fp- 
ance conaiderM,' li>V' lanoo, ) 21. • A Full 
Anawerto th^ Popular Objections ... for twt. 
takinfftlw Oath nf Alli-jnancf.' 16Slt (uioaO 
SS. 'TbeHnlin^ Atlviii|il ox(imni<?d,* 1689 
^anoa.) 3S.*Th»0««cof IVr>w>ciition<-haTfrK) 
xn the Cbnrrh of Enelaod,' HWB. 24. 'The 
HiAtorinii InniaAli'd' (in replv to Seller's 
' Hist orv of Pajtfive Obedience ),"l6e?»(«aon,> 
2-K 'Vox Olt-ri," lHOOUnon.^ 2it.*ATiiwef 
1o a Kix'inian TreatiM> calltM] ilit* Naked 
flfwpgi/UWi [«^?ni-Rr,ARTnrR . 1*7. ' Dr. 
WnJker'a Account of tlii> Autlmr of " Kikon 
HiL<)ilikt-''»tricilr'>vainined an<l<I»moii«trated 
t-n bf (alne, impitdt>iit,an<I tlMviiful. In two 
parte, the tint diiuruTin^ it to bv Dr. 'tuti- 
dffii^; the sivona proving it to be Kinp 
Obarle* the Kirat's.' IfittS. 28. • Review of 
Utcban] Ka.Ttnr'A lffi)7. ±K • Itebiihe 
to Mr. I^mund Cnlaniv/ R.\utcr. 1701. 

Confusion with him eldest son. TnoiiA 
I»yo the Tounp;r(1640-I7071, hapU-d I,oi 
to b^ eirnnffiuslv de.<u<nli>-d as n nnnjitror, 
ito nil that lu> ]iu)ilisbud on the Other 
iiie. The Kin, born oarly in 1*U9, waa ad- 
mitted a afbolap of t'OTpUs (.'hrisli <'oHpp>, 
ttlford, .in Dw. HWU. pmcrt«ded li.A. on 
I K<>b. IftQ7, M.A. SU Mnn^h IU7U. nnd vas 
fellow of hts ccJleff^ io 167:t. Likf> bis father, 
he WM a prebondarv of Ksi'ter (ndmittt-d 
*J7 April l<l>^l >, and wan cnllnled to the 
nctoi^ of Whimplt* in llevoni>hir« in April 
IflTU.' In It;79 h«wa« chaplain to. >ijnliony 
Hpanflw, hiiihtip of Xorw-ioh. wha«e daufihtrr 
1tnd)t«t be bnd ninrnf>d on 1>> .\n\i. lt!7tt. 
At ttiA revnlutioii lit< p-fu^^d th^< oaih< and 
WHS drprir«l 1 1 .cc, KettU-ieeli, App. p. xviii >, 
He died in Kxtiler, and wok buried at Si. 

Lawreoee on ^ Julv 1707, «-iiliin a frw 
raoQlhs of hi* father. 11li> xiidow lived till 
1712, am), dyinff in Kvrtcr. was biirw«l at St. 
Lawnnc* oo 9 Oct. Some letters of hi^ ars 
upow the lUwliowB MSS. in the Uctd- 
leian LJbniT. 

[Aothoritita quoted in tba tmt; VaacTa 
Auwoc (Bliio'l, IT. mis. 4&2-8. wh«r« ar« d«- 
•eriptions of the (oatrat« uf moa^ of Lou'a 
booka: Wood'* FoMi (Bli«s). ■•- «ol». $■ ^^^1 : 
FcoUr'a Aloauii Oxco. lHu-i;i4; Lo Ncra'a 
Farti (Hanlr). i. 43«-«: Cbalmra'a Bit*. Uieu; 
Balkan and Luns's Diet, of Atuw. aod PModoa. 
l^tcrmtan; Cat. of LilTvyof »ioa CoU<|^: Ckt. 
of Lihrorj of Trin. ColL Dablin ; pan«h rw. of 
dt. Lnwrvnoi. Exct«r. oommatucolod by tli« Rar. 
W. Ereritt : KogiBUn of C. C. C, O«ford, kindly 
mpplird I'V th« pTMidant ; infiumatloii from tba 
Rer. J. lQ^[e Drrdge.] B. P. 

LONO^ WILLIAM (1B17-1S86), and- 
quarr, bora 15 Aug. 1S17, was aeooad wm of 
Walter I^ong itf Corhnmpton, Uampahin, by 
Lwljr^Riy, eldest daiigfat«r of William C«r- 
iHifpe, avTuilh Mu-1 of NortheAk [q. v.] H« 
malrtculat«d from BalUol Collegu, U&fonl, 
h June t8.-l5, gndnated B.A. in 1630, asd 
proceeded M.A. in 1H44. He was a justiee 
of the peace for Sotnenet, aa F>IA.. and 
passed his lifs m a counUy frentlenian and a 
local antiqunrv. He died, 14 April 16^6, 
at Onslow Giirdens, Londoti. He married, 
13 April 1H41. Elizabeth Han^, onlr child of 
Jamea Uare JoUfitf , and Inf^ iNtuc. tie wrote: 

1. '.\bury Illiuinitwl.' DevizM, 1868, tfvo. 

2. 'Stoni-hen^' and its Burrows," I>cviie«, 
1870, Bro, a valuable mnnn^mpli. Itoth hod 
appeared in a shorter form in the * \\'illfl 
ArchiBoIogical and Natural ilistoiy Magu- 

[Pwitcr'n Ahimni Oxon. (171,V18M); Tin»». 
'.>0 April I8S6. AthPiijenm. mSA, i dfiS : WilU 
Arch, and Nat. Mini. Mag. xxiii. 08; Itutka'H 
Landed Gvntry.] W. A. J. A. 

demago^e. j^See l-'iTra«BEnT, William,] 

1107 1, bishop of Ely nnd chancellor to 
Kichartl I, uam oncu diwcribefl by JIcdit 11 
at) 'son of two tniilort.' Iliii fniher ifiigh 
had received from lU-nnr in lloK a grant, of 
landa at Liiuon and >Vilton in llorefortl- 
shireCA/v HoU. 2 Hen. 11, p. ul, A ![,.«. 11, 
p. 93), and was fi'rmor of (Viiiclit.'« (Niip- 
mandy>from about 1173 till llM), when ha 
[|iiitted ottire deep in dvbt and disgfftOO 
(r-TAri.nTOX,.Voi-in.Ar<-*./W/j.,i.74|. HiigVa 
father was said to hn\e l><>«ii a ninaway 
I'V-nch serf, who hud found shi'lli>r in Ibo 
Norman Tillng*> of jjOiiiri'hainp, whence the 
family took its uume. William's motlter was 




rn>bab]y a Lacy {Lihtr yiifer Seaee. ed. 
[farne. p. I5o). Wiilinm entcrcfl publicr 
life ut tht.' L■IoM^ of IL-iiry's reifjri iw oHlcial 
to the king's son Ottiffrey [see QEOyFREl, 
</. 1212] f'jr tliH apfbdean>iiry of Rouen. 
Henry warned his iwiii tJiat tlin trnitnr 
bltiud wuuhl show Jtwif li'.-foiv loriij, and 
tliB wnniing Mremed justiSi^d wheti Wil- 
liam dpsertfd GeoHrej-a wrvice for that ol' 
Ki<dian), who madn hitn hin chftiifvllnr l'i»r 
ihv du^'hy of Aijiiitiiiiie. l>jii^«;liuiiip wiim in 
Paris abiitit April 11S9 wbi'a William Mur- 
»hiil [q. v.] and Kalph, arehdpHcon of ll«re- 
fonl, Hprivpd thvTi' tn npfrnriAtR penre bf^ 
twiien Flvnry II and l'Iiili]i Au^ustnv, By 
hifl ' ffiiile ' In UiclmnrD iiiti!re.stfi Lniiy^cliamp 
is said to have cmint en: hocked thic t'tiv'oys' 
eifrtrta (ffijttairf de fiitiU/iunu ff- Afni-^rAn!, 
n. 832.'i-30, bJ. Piuil Jliyer). On Kic-hurd'a 
aoceaftion to tiie crow-ti William byfainu chan- 
collor of the kingdntn and bishop of Ely. 
Coii*LTnittiil on .'11 Den. IIHSI, hi? was en- 
thruni-d at Ely on Jan. IIRI. Tbo kin^ 
moniover, before leaving Kn)^lut)d in l>e- 
cemb.;r, had given him the cusrody of the 
Tower of London, jlihI cliiiAen liiiti tn stuira 
with Bishop lltifh of Durhiiiu the olTii!v of 
chief kisticsiir. Williain was a man of con- 
iiiderablfl ability, energBfjc, hard-working, 
and dcvnted to liiis RoVHrRif;^, hut he was 
jrwuerally uui>opal«r, Pcreonully hn waa iigly, 
stunted, detonned, lame, and his manners 1 
Wftre a» unaTtrartivR as his apjv-Aranro. He I 
wndastmnger in Knglniid, and look no pnlns I 
to make himself at bomu tlii-ru' ; hu^ knuw no 1 
IlD^lIah, and did not try to Ic4im; indeed, ' 
hti pHraded hi>i contempt for the land and ila ! 
pwjplo i» u faifhton whicli Hlirrw) The re-sunt- 
mBiit of all c'lasKL's. lli^ was jtiDlotis uf liis 
bij?!!-^!™ f^llow-justipifir lliiph Piidsfy, hi- r 
fthop of I Jiirham, wlici lookiil dnwTi upon hini 
HA an upstart iiilorhiper. Thfy iiunrj-fllfd as , 
»oon ni^tbt? kin^'^'i! buck wastnmod. Williaiu 
eUul Hugh out fromnmL-crtinKof thu court of 
eicb>'(|ui!r, and took upnn himself thfi wbolf 
meiita made by Kicliard in ptrsou — conduct 
for which he, u chnnccllur, duubllc^)^ had 
the royal Hnnction. In February 1 UK), when 
KiiditirU calloil a council in N'<:<rni(iu<iyr Wil- 
liam hurrii^d oror in advsnce of tii* cotlt'airui.« 
to anticipnte their rompUiiU;^ ii|:;iiin.<it Jiitn. 
and ret united in i riumpli aa eolf cliief justiciar 
ill Hugh's steal. 

William bejrnn hisadministrntion by forti- 
fying' lliw TiiwiT; in A]ml hfi went tu punish 
a riot at York; whilu tburu hu Leitrued that 
HujrU was on hia way home with n fresh cnni- 
miiuion a." juatiriar over Nonhumlwrland, 
TUp'riviil»m*^tfti Hlvth, XottinffhaniMbitii.Biid 
■gain at Tickliill, Vurkthire, vrhvra SVilliBDi 

I produced a letter, of later dat» than Hu^li'« 
I rrwlentifils.from Kichaml tn him»-lf,appoint- 
' iiifif hint cuprem^r rt.-pn<»t.-nlutir<.> of the aKvnt 
' kintf. Iliigh was forced to aurrender liit 
I rlatcQA, and a coioniisMon as 1e;^t>:r for ulL 
Enj^Iand, gmnted nn 5 June by l\ipw Ctu- 
mi^nl III, mnde William Buprt-mo in both 
church and state. Ah legate be, at Uiohard'a 
desire, absDlvenl John from an oatL to ktrop 
out of Knf;lan<! for three ye-ars [t«H* Jons, 
kin|f of Knj^land . .Ttibn's rutuni threatened 
William's authority, and he strove to a.v«rt 
it bv holding a church council at Gloucester, 
in Tne heart, of John's lauds, on ] Au*:., and 
' anolhiT at Westminstur on l-'t Oct., followed 
byaptogreMthrouffbout the realm. Thereby 
he only added to his unpopularity; for tli» 
entertninmimt of bi# trainof 11 thriiLsand tno^- 
at-anus, and ihu cxntrtiunK which humadcia 
th» king's name, wore so niinoiu to the dis- 
tricts through which hi> Iravfllcd that acon- 
tempornry wTJrer compares hifipaiKa^e to that 
of a flash of liKhtniti^'. Tb» i^-in'ral discon- 
tent found a rallyiug-point in John, who 
wirlv in llfil mine to England, and at once 
set himwdf in opposition to the chancellor. 
On Mid-Lunt Sunday llif rIv&Umetat Win- 
cbfr^ter; th» meeting onded in a quarrel. 
Immediately nftcnvards Gerard de CamTillti, 
the sheriff of I.iiicnlnxhin! and coTiRtsble of ■ 
Lincoln Caatle, ji'px'liiimed himeeir Jolm'a V 
liegeman, and defied the chancellor ope:i1^ 
William, wlin at the moment was hn^iy jp 
KerofordiBbirc puni^bin); KopT Mortitm^rlor 
treasonable dvalinsa with ttiu WvUh,hurri«d 
back to find Lincoln impregnable, Notting- 
ham and Tickliill in the hands of John, )\i» 
own lutratitie eoiuniisiiiou siiftiwiuled by tha 
dtnlii of the pope, and UI5 vicL'ivuut autliority 
Tlirfatenedby till' impending arrival of Arcb- 
bit^hop Walter of Rouen [see CoDTAXrB.'i, 
Wactkr of] a« ftpecifil commi«ion«r from 
Tho king- 11^' tht-re'foro aubmilted hi^ dis- 
pute with John tn arbitration at Wincln'Slcr 
on '26 .Vpril ; the arbitrators dwided againat 
him on every p<^inl. Nevertheless, at the end 
of June he vc-mun>d to deprive Gomrd de 
C>mivilleofhifis1iiTifrdom. 'rhe other biitho^td, 
headed now by Walter of Itouen, calleil a. 
raeeiing al Winub'-steron 28 July, and t hero 
made a fresh «L>ttlcment somewhat mon> fa- 
vourttblti to William (STtrnns. notes to (Jeiittt 
Jfir.x,. I'OH, and I^ik. Hovedhs, iii. 134 >. On 
30 July Willinm Issued a writ for the arr^t 
of GeofTr^iy. nowarcbbislinn of York, asMoii 
H.t \tv sbouUl Iducb Eng!»h Miil, Grotfrey 
hBvinR, like John, taken a vow of abiu'nce- 
fnr ihr-'e yenrc. mid William having no a*- 
snrancetbut it had been remitted by HichattJ, 
'I'll.' iirre^t was forcibly imido on ]H St'pl,. itt 
St. Marliu'e I'riory Church, near ttover, by 





«oldien actin^r under artkrs frum the oon- 
«>iaUe of Ddver C^eUe, ami hU wife, a aUt«r 
of the chanctillor. 

John M>ii"<I ii|>ou this outrage as a pn.-t^'xt 
fnr onrani^iii;; a genural attarJt itpon ^Vit- I 
llam. ni-<Uoi>3 an<l baroii.'i gatbi^red round 
liita, MtA William wan fturamonc<) hy thv a<i- 
sislaiit jiuticiara to lavii IlKtm on 6 Oct> at 
the !>ridgi* ovor the- I,/«Wen, biitween Rettdin^ 
and Windsor, aud defend Lis conduct if he 
«oiltd. Al^er i^iiinj; a count nr-Auinraon!) to 
John 'ft adhcivnia. lit- procwxled t« Windsor, 
but failed to appear at the meeting:, excusing 
faU abwnc^ by a {>lea uf ill-health. On Oct. 
liiv bi^hojH «xrnmmunicate<l him, and after 

• Tsio utti_>iup( la buy pt-iicu with John, bu 
annnised. to stand his trial at th» Lodden 
oridfR oexl day. In the moniinff, howfrer, 
h« IvamMi that his enemies were tnardiing 
upon Loiulon, and ht> at oncf tiimud in tho 
eoiSH direction. Hv met »orot> of them on 
the road, but foojrht his way through them, 
4-Dtered the cilr, and shut him^lf up in this 
Towwr. A tfaiW days' blocka>Ie forced him 
to tun«iKler, and on 10 Oct. the other jtu- 
ticiars and the barons formally dcpoaod liim 
fram all aennlar ofBrR.4, and fu>nten»!d hira 
to deliver up th« co-ttles in his cu»tmly, to 
frive ho<naff«8. and then to depart the n'alm. 
Sabmittiog un(I(>r protest. h>- s^w up the I 
itoy» of th^^ Tower and of Wind*or fastlc, 
and waa allon't^d !•> withdraw to Huvct. 

Tbetu^ he twic« attemptMl to efloa|)tf in (li»- 
glliw OT«r WA, but was caught and detainej 
till tliecartl^ w<-n' all Rurn-ndi-n-d, when \w 
WBAMrmilted to Miilou ^(>ct. fur Fla,nd<jrs 

ict £^;<>A nut. lifi: V. 3HJ-9): he after- 
wards ])roce«dcd to Fmnco and Normandy. ' 

Tlie justiciars 9eqm>3lmH'il WiHiiini'a woe, ' 
in spite of a threat uf papal i;.\communteii- 
tion. Next sprine he took ad<r&nla|re of 
their strained relations with John to revisit 
Knelund anil demand re--^!! rut ion, nnd brihod 
John liiniM-lf int^ Bujiporting tbt) demand. 
Thtf justictara, however, managed to outbid 
him, and he rvtumed to France. K/irly in 
lifts hf joini^l bia iiBpri»fiiii"d Boverei^ in 
tiennauv. Kichard ecvms to hurt; attributed 
the aettlement soon afte^^^•^^ds arrived at 
txtCween himieir and tha emperor to his 

* <l<«re«i ciinnivllor,' to whom he committed 
hie in!tniction'>fijrtbecotlMtion of the money 
and the trammifision of the hostagea r«t]uircd 
from Et^rland for the royal mn»)m,anil the 
rinpemr j ffuldi'n hull pmclaiming Ihetrtinty 
< 19 April). Before the Engliah jufticiars 
would ftllowWilliam to laud they made hira 
swear to meihlle with nothin;,: ittilHide bin 
inamediale roniniiw>ion ; and thvy trualod thii* 
a* Umit«d to thf- presentation of the bull, to 
receive which tbej met him at St. jUbana in 


June. He had landed at Tp<;wich and thence 
gouo to St. l']diiiund«, where the abl>it, re- 
gnrdinj; hiu as exoommnnicato, slopped tb« 
ci-lfbrBMikn of maBS in his pn^ioncc (Joe. 
Bk.iki:i^>n»e, np.fM, 30). il«> then went to 
I.fond(Mi, and tliurv made trial of lii» power 
by onierinjt the (teinir« of some houses I»- 
lonpiig to tlie n-hol hinhop of UovLiotrv". A 
ntorm of popular furv drove him lo c)iange 
his attitude, uud at St. Albana lie declared 
that ho merely canio 'aa a simple,' 
and an a bric;f riait as the kini^'fl miwaungar. 
liiit the council was deaf lu hia proteata- 
tions : the archbishop of Itouen refused him 
the ki«8 of peace, ana the queen-mother and 
the barons unanimously diiKilined M tniRt htm 
with tho care of the hustagee. By '29 June 
William was back at Worms with his king. 
He woa nest sent to ni'goliate a jieace wilu 
Philip of Fninw at Mantiw on 9 July. In 
December he went to Xornumdy to aminn 
terms between Richard and John. In re- 
bniary 1 UM he was again with Rjchanl at 
MaiuK. and hv aC4.-orapanied tbx kiii^ ou hia 
lust visit to ICnjrknd, .March-May lUH. At 
the muncil of Nottingham, i^ March, ho 
sought 1^1 buy the slieriffdoros of Lincnln- 
shin', York»liirx;, luid Northamptonshire, but 
was outbid by wealthier purchasere. Od 
17 April he walked, ua chancellor, at the 
king's right hand in the coronation procea- 
fiion to Wc^tminffler; and on '2-i April Uis 
quarrel with rieoffrey of York wad fortaaUy 
settlrti by Richard. 

On ^•{.iiilv, when Itichard was in .'\qni- 
taine, William was in Xnrmuiidy iii-gotiutuitf 
with l*hilipanotbertruce,with which Richard 
on hi« return profcwed to he so diswitislied. 
that h<? for n iiiomcnr deprived Willtam of 
tlie sealfl. His angvr wn«, howvrvr, merely 
assumed lo colour a scheme for the repudia- 
tion of all engagements made under the old 
stMil, in order to raian money by the sale of 
rouhrmalionjt to ba iafluetl uudur a new one. 
The chancellor waa iuunediatelT reiostatod, 
and the change of seal wa^, in fnct, not car- 
ritxi out till after hitt d-'uth (Wrox, f/rtat 
SeaIf,]>o. 149,191. In ihveuuimvrof 1196be 
narrowly eecaped capture on his way through 
Franre to Gonnany, whither he waa sent to 
lUircrtuin how far the fm[vn)r would oasiat 
the Knglish king in an iurasiou of France. 
At the c!f«o of tho following year Richard 
despatched him, with two other bUhops, oa 
a mitwinn to Rome to ami<-al against tlw in- 
terdict with which \\ alter of Roueu wna 
aveninng the building of Chlteaa-iiaillard. 
William fell .lick at Poitiers, di<^ therq an 
31 Jhii. (R. I)iCFro,ii. I-V); • MiM. KliouB.' in 
Ai)f;i. -Sflo/vi, i. 633") or 1 Feb. (Geev. Cas.t 
L biS) 1 197, aad was buried in the neigh- 


bourinfT abbej of l^t^ Pin. It ww reportwl 
at }'oiiiiTB iliDt when lin expired a itreatn 
as of tL'iir» win* pwii to flow from a cruciBx 
in till! cathedral rhurcli; but. in RngUnd hU 
death vraa e, flubjcct of rejoicing. 

The haiightin«^BS, the armgniiro, nnd tbu 
groed of power for himw^lf mid Lis raUttviM, 
which the EnglUh people iuatlr rfsented in 
him, are virnw-a cotnpBrea iritn the crioo».'.« 
laid to Ilia cliHtyi- bv GtiraH of Wnli^ ; h\H 
Oer&ld'ft »€cuaiitiui)ii, m lti«lmp Stulibs Kays, 
'defeat tliems^ilvpjt.' No man who wad se- 
rioualy Buspt^fpd of mch immonilitr u 
Gemtd impultw to William cmilil lii»v<' lit-i^n 
not merely lolerulMl in tliL- "llicL's of bislmp 
and l^fitTi", but antuallv and suceesafuUv r-^- 
eomnMOHlt-d by tilt' w^tilt; b'Hlr of Kngli:^)! 
hiahops l<i Pi'pB Oulivilinn III iVir n ivuirwul 
of t!ie leputioii at tlie uprniiig of \ih srrugjjli! 
■wilh .lf>lm ( Gi--it/t ilu: ti. iW. -J-W), and tins 
wilhuiil u wfinl of pnili^bt fn>m clerk or lay- 
mun (lunng bia life, or of repmbnltmi fnim 
hUtorians aftt-r hia dealU. N')r Cfuld n man 
gutliy nf atrocinus crime liftve been reK^rd"^ 
by John M oiiuwlium iIk- cbtipter of t'anter- 
bury WBro likt-dy to c;ht»M>efnr primjiti- {Kj'fi- 
Cantwir. ed. Stitbbs, p. 3S>4), nor bavf bi-.'u 
quoted by the same chapter a* a woigbty 
aiilborilr on tbeir sidt! in tbi-ir controversy 
with Hubert Walter (I'A. p. ■"»;tf*), nor rlioM>n 
by thft aanrisl-monk, Nitp-l Wirfk«r, to cv- 
ceive tlw di'iliratinn of his treatiM; on the 
cltiricHl ■corriijiticiu'' nf the time, nor publicly 
addressed by J;iin in fHrnis of rcfipL'Cl uiiii 
adniiratiO'n, ai woll as uf warm pereonul 
fripmlrtbip {An'il'i-Nnrm. Satir. P„nn*, ed. 
Wrif-lit, i. Vri, isa, Uu). William nf Xew- 
burj^h hud no wonu) ejiillia^t tor liiiri tlinn 
* tyrant :' Richard of Derizt^s dfscrib^il him 
a» * a man of mark, wbo^c pbyttical deficien- 
riea wen.' <)iit\^eij,'luH! by the (rrfl'if ni'-** of hia 
laiud.' Tile Winchester aouali^l (Ann. Mt>- 
noft. &d, Lunrd, ii. ^) prai»ed bia worldly 
wittdtim, bi» cloqiii-noe. and bin utialliTnble 
loyalty lo im attachment imre formed. Hi-i 
loyalty to his royal friend at^eoiH in trutli lo 
have been at once his mn^t ccmtpiciioiie v\t~ 
tup., nnil tlip wHircL^ of bis pruvi-st political 
error*. It wa« mainly by bia iiiiHcnijiHlims 
overriding of every otbur coaitdi'mt ion in 
till' pumiiii of what he regarded a« llicliard's 
interet^ti* ilmt he brought, upon hiraiiclf the 
hatfiKl and tlw venptjance of Itichard'tt Fn^ 
lish subjects. 

JOaata Kicurdi Itt^it ; ][of;cr of HoveiTcn, 
a. iii. It.; Giraldua Cambri-naiit, Vita Gal* 
IHdi (Opcm. toI. ir.) ; Salpb da Diceto, vol. ii. ; 
Gerraoe of (^nterbury, vol. i. ; William nf N«v- 
liurffh and Richard of Dorisas^Chronii-'lca of 
Kicbiird 1, vuIk. i-iii.). all in Rulla Serira,- 
StubWa ptwfiwo to Ko^vr of IIoToden, rol. iii. ; 

L. Boiria-Cbam|MMUK. Nittieo tar Ooillanma A«- 
Loni^hamp ( Brroux. 18$6).] K. N. 


TON O'^U' !«VK», ^'neinl, son of Hioinaa 
ir»yt«>r Longden.wa* bom in January l-sl!>. 
He wa« educal.-d at Kton and itt the Iloyal 
Military Colle-yc, SandhurKt, He wn* ap- 
point4^d to an eruttmey without pnneha^* m 
llie lOlh foot on Id Sept. 1$:^. His subae- 
quciil commtasionii — all the r«f[imealal oi»wi 
in the lUih foot —wore lieutenant IH4fl. cap- 
tain 184*, brBTut-mnjor Ir^-IM, major i8.yi. 
brevel-lieutenant-colonel l^^Sti, lientenimt- 
colonel 1858, col^mel IKTiH. mn jo r^' literal 
lt472, lieiil.ennnt-|{en(.-nil 1877. lie rr'iirwd, 
with boiionin- rank of general, IH80. ,\fter 
taking a ccrtiticate of proficiency in liiclier 
inatberaniics and miliT«ry drawing at the 
wninr department. Koyal SJiUtary C'ollf^', 
iu May 1842. be aer^ed with bis re);inicut in 
India, and wba present in the tint tiikh war 
of l84.'»-t!, inehiding (lie battle of Sobruoa 
(R)e<Inll,nnd in ihoisecond i^ikb warnf IMtU 
IH49, including the two siegea of Mi-illan, 
where he commimtled the rei^iment at the 
attack on the heights nn '27 Sept. 184S. and 
was acting tiuld-eiigim^LT nC the fall nf ibtt 
cilv. llew&8 also at the capture of fheniole- 
anil the tiufil victoryat Goojerat fDi(>dal and 
two clasps and brevet of major), and be imtvmI 
in tbeniutiny in IS-'n-H. InSeptemlK-r 1*57, 
before SirColin rnnipMl nilvanceil from Al- 
lahabad, l)edKapiitcli''d lx>ngden from UiMiurvA 
with a Rmall tield-force, to BHsist the Nepal 
tntupe in driving the reheltt fmm the Azira- 
gbur and Joimpore iliittriolK. Lungden com- 
manded n piirtv of picked m.'irkKmen, cover- 
ing Drigndier t'raiika'iifuri-e in the advance to 
Liickiiuw [buu l^KXH, SiKTH()u.t» HabtgI, 
and was atUched to the Qlioorkhut diirinfr 
the siege and rapture of the city (menli<ine«l 
in despntchee), He vnu with Lord Mark 
Knrr at ibe first relief of Azimgbur on 
(1 .A-jM-il ISfi.^, and woB chi«f of the stuff of 
ItrigRflier (Sir) Fdward hugardV force at the 
81'condrtdii'for Aximghur, and the operations 
in the JugdeepDn>junghM<mediilandclH-S)vl. 
Longden aflerwanbi rel ir-'d on iialf-pay, nuil 
was adjutant-generfil in India in 18WC-0, 

Longden was a K.t'.B. and C.8.I., ani] 
colonel in iucceesion of the 2nd Hun]uthim 
rx,^mcnt (late 67th fool ) and of LU old corpc, 
the J.inrolnshirv regiment (late 10th fool). 
He died in l^onclon on '2& Jan. 1890, from 
a cbill taken at tlic puhLic funeral of his 
old friend Lord Napier of Mngdala. 

[I>od'g BapiyriBlttBtv 38S&; Hiirls .^rtuy Ij»t«; 
Slalleson's Inclmti Mnitny, lfl89, rr. 10*. 222— 
22t. i2$. Broad Arrow, 1 Feb, 1891.10 

n. M. c. 



rif^ll, coloiiinl ftdmiuiMrator. Tonng- 
''••t ton of John li. Longden, pnwior. of I Ino- 
tor^ OocnmonR, I^nndoii, wajt born in |H27. 
In 1844, two yuan nfti-rthc witabliahineHt of 
■ civil (['>T(!mmeiit, he wm appointe^l govern- 
ment cl^rk in lh4> Fulklnnd IttlimtU. mul \k~ 
(«m«^fu<linf; colnninl wHMVlary thf yearnftfr. 
In 1861 bt! wiLs ^ppointf'J presiik'at of tlw> 
Viiffm IflUnda,iD lo^iA frovi>m<>r nf Dominifx, 
in 1867 goremorof Briiwli Mim(Iiirn8,iii 1^70- 
governor ofTrinidad, ami in I 't-fienilier 1^76 

Eivemorof C'vlwu, wUit-li [jost be lield until 
B retiretueot in 1B83. He wAjiTnadeC.M.fl. 
in 1871, K.C.M.G. in 1878, G.C.M.G. in 188:i. 
After his reiiivnw>nl he feuded at Longlinii"!. 
near Watford, IT(rrtfo!^*hire, and toot a verv 
ftctire part in count rafinira. H.7wa* a J.l*. 
and alncrman Tor the county unclvr itii') I^tml 
Uorernment Act. Iln died at Longhopu 
on 4 Oct. 1^91. llis ruii>>nil I^^k place at 
Wofcng cwmatoriuin on !t <.>ct. IKIH. 

Ijongden marri'^c] in I8G4 Alitv Kniily, 
Jausbt«r of Jamex Iterridfre of the i&luid of 
St. Oli^topher, \Vf jt tn(li«a. 

p?od'ii Koigbtage. 1891 ; Colonial OfSee List, 
1891; Time*, eaiid IrtOft. 1«01.] H. M. C. 


BTroBit),\\'ll.l-.lAM DK, third K\]iL or Salis- 
Bcsr id. Il^^6|, a tLfttural Bi>ti of Il^iuy II by 
■n unknown tnoth'-r '»ve under CUPPORS, 
KoBAM DVD, called ' Fair Rtuainniid'], received 
from Uu father a grant of Appleby, Lincoln- 
shire, in llft.4, andin 1108 from Ittrhnrd I the 
band of Kla, nxmieta orSnliithury. daughter 
and hfirvss of William, the a«^nd earl irf. 
1186), tof^ther with the f^rldonaorSallsbury 
(HoTKDes, IT. 13). In th* (inme year Uf. at*o 
■pjx-ant oa lioMini; the m»th- nf PunTnrson 
in >ormandy. whicli he esciianffcd with the 
crown early in the reign of John for certain 
laodfl in Lneland; thett*-. howover, b^^ Miir- 
rmdered Ui lliu kin;; in 1J03, rL->ci-iving buck 
Fteitorson in exrbange (Rolh of Xonnan 
Jirfh^urr, '\\. Preftto- and p. "J^^l). Fie waa 
•ppointedAhfnflV.f WilrahirchyJohnin 1200, 
Slid bi'ld that uBici-ihiriiii'tb>_' j.'n.'aterpart of 
the reciBindcr of Vk life ( I >ov i.k). He waa 
with the kinif wb^n Williatn of ^jcotlaIlll did 
bomacv Kt Lincoln in Novi-mhcr, and accom- 

fanied him to Norinaiidy in 1201. F^rlviii 
'A^i he wafl a-wnciatud with the Archbishop 
of Uonicaux and '■tben* in making a tr>*aty 
ltd wci-n John nriil SnnchoVII(if. 1:^34), king 
of Xavanv (firdrra, \. HI). In Maybe was 
appointed lieutennnt of liascony, and in f^p- 
i^mher Ii''U con^tahl^ of l>over and wardtn 
of ih.' ('tniiuf port*, and held the*- ofliccs 
until May 1:20*1 (UuVLB). lie rpcelvud ihe 
«a«tle anil honour uf Eye i» SulTolk in Fe- 

bniory 1305 {Patent SoiU,JokH, p. 60), waa 
)ient in June to ivinforcc tbe gamaon of La 
Rochellu (CucGt»n.M.i, p. 154), and in No- 
vember was appointed with others lu tr»*at 
with the king of Soots (Patent Jiolh, p. Mt. 
Purine; K'O!^ b>* appi'/ir* tu bavi* Ikth wilu 
the king, and in Diveinlier waa apjxnnted 
warden of the Welsh marcbes {tb. p. liS). 
In March ll'lK) John aent him as head of an 
embaMV to the prelates and princctt of Oer- 
nmny, on behalf of his upplivw Otto, who 
was crowned emperor later in that year 
(Fadera, i. lOS). He held command in the 
Welsh and Irtah expiMlilion!* of I if 10 13 
face under JoBN'1. Diiniig the p.-ri<Ml of 
JohR'n excommnnKation he wa» reckoned as 
one of the king's evil c<»in>«>tIarH wIid were 
rt-ady to do anything that \u- wi.slied ( Wi:x- 
iKiTEK, iii. 237). and lii« naiuf is ns»<>cint«^d 
with one of John's nii>*t tyrannical acts, for 
it waa ho who seiaed Oeotfrev of Norwich at 
Dunstable 'wtr^ under JoHX . Fnmi .May 
\'2\2 to 12l6 he was sberifi'of C'auihridgi^ 
ahire and Uuntingdorwhirc. In May 1313 
be «aa sent on an emba^y \n Fermnd, count 
of Flandem {F<rdcra, i. 107). 

Philip of France, designing to invnJc Eng- 
land, gnlhervd a largv ileet li^gi-ther in AprU 
12U1, and wa-sted the dominiiMiH of Ferrand, 
who had made alliunce with John. Salisbury 
was Bent with Tb* Count of Holland and the 
C-ount of lijulogHH in cmnniand of a fleet of 
hvf hundred sbijMcoinrainin^ ^-ven hundred 
kuightK and otlR^TSto ad. against thcKrettch. 
lie sailed in a ship given him br hia brother 
the kiag,and liirv^r antE fairer tlian had over 
been seer in the Knglioh sea {^L MUtinrf dft 
Jhirn dr yurtnartdir, p. IW). On arriving 
off Uamme he f^uiid m large a French fleet 
assembled that the harbour could not bold all 
tlie fthips,M)me of wliicb were lying mil aide it. 
The flewt was giinnled by a iinall number of 
marinera. for Philip had the best part of hia 
forces with him besieging Ghent. Salisbury 
and bij< men altaek«Hl tbeshipt^ ihatwereniii- 
tddv the harbour, (secured alwnt tlireehundred 
of them laden with arms and provisioits, and 
drwd more thai wi-re dmwn upon t be shore. 
Ne\t day they attacked Th** ships inside the 
harbour and the town of Damme, Philip, 
however, brought Up a strong force sgainH 
Ibem and dro\e thein to their i»hip". The 
VH.-tory, though nota greul feat uf arms, was 
higblv advanTageons, for it caused Philip to 
almtiaon bis intended invasion (>veb, 
iii. :!."i7 ; (itiiirlMNs AnnorirttA, sub anno). 
In May SaUaburr wa^ a suretv for .Tolin's 
promise to imi"fy the bishops and the nomao 
church, and wiiressed hi^ charter of homage 
totIiepope(/c»2eru,t. 111,112, 115). About 




Mktis^lniu lie appear* to have b«en taot to 
tbt.' Count of >1anJcrs n'itliiuonL-T aodtroopa. 
Afti^r taking a prommeiit piirt iii llie pro- 
jianiticmB for war iii 12M ]>« irit.4iiiniif! luar- 
elial of the Icinpfn artny iii Flttinlers, aoJ 
jfiin^'-tt fon'iw with thi' onipf_Tnr Otto IV ami 
tliu olhvT ulIJL'fi uf John uifuinHt. I'bllip at' 
Frautu. Ou 'S/ July lie omninii'dRd lli« riglit 
wing of th« allied army with the Count* of 
P'landpra niid Krtiilojrnc. Ho was tiiki'H pri- 
fioUL-r and wiut givoii bv Philip tu his kins- 
raiiii, Robert, count of Dreux, in order that 
the count niig:ht exchange him for hia own 
son lEolicrt, whrt hnd bwa taken by John 
shortly bvfyri' (\Vi:ndoter. iii. '2S7 k([.j Ou- 
iielmus Ajynoru'iut, aah an.) Th«* excban^ 
conM rol he oflpcted i mined lately {Fa-dfra, 
i. \'2i\ On hia ri'luni ro l-jiplmui !in held 
alouf from ihu ectiiredL<raliuu uf thu hatonB, 
though after they entered London he waa 
forci-d to asAert to their pwpeedinjrs. \lf 
rtond unioiif; tho kinpV friL-iids ui Kimny- 
mi'du in JutiL> \'l\a. when John in'iinted Chu 
Great Ubarter, in which his name app«>ars as 
one of thn»fi who rniinsplled thrt (rront. In 
DticembepJobii iimdwhiiu oiiL-uf tbu tTiplaiii!* 
of his annv in tho soath, and he took 
measures with I'alkcs dc Brcauti [q, v.J to 
have London clniely watehed in orJer t^ cut 
oli'lho^iipidifi^of thohiirdtiial piirty whiLii hit 
an<I hia rulluw-ciipliuns overran Esm?x, Hert- 
fordahiro, Middlesex. Cambridtreshire. and 
HuntinKdr>n*hir(' iWhsuovitk, iii. :i4-7). He 
iiUo tuol< jiiirl with Kiitkes in orticlly ruVQf;- 
in^; the Isle of Kly in the enrly we<=ks of 
I21<^, joined the kintr.lifilp'-'d him »l thesieRe 
orColclie9r<.'r, and on Jrilin's Mialf swore \n 
theturmitoti whri-h thuijlucu wau siirr>.'niiuri_il 
by tlie F^lneh alUeH of the harona ((."ftGOES- 
HAIX, p. 17!*). lie remained fiiithful to the 
Ifinff until iift-or thf middli.- of tlie yriir, bill. 
T>ouiH hnvinc hindud tind taki^u Wiiicht'itler 
on I-V JiinB,Sa]isbury,n()<loiiht ihinkinethat 
tlie king's cause was hopeless, joined Ijonis, 
and yieldod t^ him hi^ ni-Mle iif Sulishury 
(ti. p. 18:2; Cfu-un, du Mitilrvf:, p. 191; 
STrnitS, Conttitutionnl Iliitoiy, ii, 16). 

AIUt thd" death nf John, Salisburv wm 
seat by Loui.ito r)over to peraiiufli^ Hubort 
dti Biii'i^L to 8um.'iid-T thu i^a^lh-. and niut 
BevtT«>ly reproved bv Hubert foraC'tins-ft^ainst 
his own nephew, tlie young King Henry III, 
I(y Dewmlii^r hi' .>ihoweiL nn iiit-linLiliim to 
dosiTt tilt) Fri^noh nide, atletitled the counriL 
of IIenr3-'B mipporterB at Oxford in January 
1217, and on tlie departure of Louia joined 
the kinp'fl party, eoveriiuf, in eotuinon with 
olber lurdit, his political <!hiu];;e by taking 
the CTOBA, and profeasing to engage in the 
war nt the bidding of the legate oa acruoader 
(\>'alteb of CoTBSTur, ii. 256). He re- 

ceived the rL^^titution of bi« Mtntea nud th« 

shvrifl'dom of :>omerw;t in March, fjiight in 
thu myiil army at ihe ImiIIIb of Lincoln on ^ 
hf May, and was nppiiintiMl sheriff of iho fl 
county. In .\u^st he touk |>arL in the naval ^ 
victorv of Hubert dr Burgh [a. v.] He af- 
hxwl die BBfil to the treaty of Lamlieth with 
Lunin on II .Septv. acting then and iu 1218 
OS one of the council (Fctilfra, i. 148, I>*2). 
Having been in nlliitnco Vivitb William ol 
Aumale lie vinite. iHTliapp towards the end 
of that year, to Ilubert de Burgh iuform- 
ing liim that the allianoe was at an end and 
that hf- was not to Ijo hold n-sporuible for 
any ill-JningH of the ejirl ( Hoi/al L^ti^r*, i. 
Id). It ifl anserted by Matthew Pahs (iii. h 
4(1 n) that ho joined the crusading anny at H 
theaWguof Damiettain iL'IU.and in Augiut 
greatly diHtinguUhedbim&elf by his (lallnnir)'. 
It is, nonrevcr, exceedingly doubtful whtrtber 
thi» waa so. Paria varioinly de]irril>e« the 
criisrtdtT a« 'comes de HrtIetiri'gKe,''de Sarre- 
burgc' 'Sausbrigin',* and 'de Salebnrge,' and 
appears to couple him with the Earl of ObeAier 
[*pe Iir.c"!rDi:viL!^ IUsuvlph be]. The chro* 
nieh'r lippenre tv di-pt-nd on ihi^ somewbatlate 
authority of ' L'Esloire de Kracloc,' lib. 32, 
cop. V2, p. .'S43 {Dr. Uoiiricte, PubUcattvnt 
di'. la Stmetf df rOrient Ijatin. ii., pomp. p. fil ^H 
and Inde.\l, innl on pnrc^&gen in \Vt^>ndoTer. iv. ^| 
ri4,who copii'd frnni Oliver SchoLp. ll:td, or 
Jacques de Vitry.p. 1101, A like r«ratenient 
figures in tlie ' l.;'>*ta Cnicigerorutn Itbena- 
nurnrn,' p. .'j1 ; but tht're the crusader idi-n- 
tided with Sulisbury miiy iis wfll be coupled 
with the CountJiof Holland and Weid a* with 
the Harl of Ohester (K'e aha Bernard Tlx*- 
eaunir. c. KW'). Tbt-re is ne^^ttve evidenw 
against the presence of the ciltI ni Pninietfjt, 
fipeciallvthe dilHcultvof hxing a date 121&- 
iL'liO when be eoiild liavf Ix^en f>bi<unt frmn 
I'hit;Iand f-irauy length of time (mw OaltHdar 
</ Ch^elioti/i, ■pp.36(t'4(t6). It raay.tLerefoi*, 
probably I w inferred that the cnigader wm 
not ilie Karl of Salisbury, but was the fnunt 
of Sfiurbriiclu-n. Joinville, in his ' M(>muir<»,* 
cC^rCallit tbfiCountofSaarbnicken, his com- 
panion on the cnwnde of 12lf, ' le Cont^; d* 
Salfbrurhe' (tiiformntion i<upplit-d by Mr. 
T. A. An-lier). 

Ou 28 April 1220 the legate Pandulf laid 
fwonf the foundation-Stan esoflbi' newcathe- 
dral of Salinbar}- on lieliulf of the earl and of 
liisuoiinleNi. InMaytbeearl wr\ite^ tuHnbert 
de Burgh agaijist the proposed appoint in ent of 
AV'illiamnf AnmileaHBcnesohalotl'oiton.and 
about June lo inform liitiiilini hi'bndbe<-nKick, 
but hoped In be alfte toattendlhtM-onferenoe 
to be held at York Ct"*. i. 129, 136"). At the 
excommunication of Willinm of Anmile at 
St. Paul's iti January 122 1 , Salisburi-appeaivd 






^m htm 



as A protnment Kuppniti^r of itio ^vernmenl, 
throwing, Uku Lbo DLsboi)«, a li^lit«d caotUa 
to the ground at the eud of llie benteuce. 
He quiurellwl i»-ith liAniitph, fiarl of Cheater, 
n'lio had joiiiifd liiiutvlf 10 the di^ffbctod 
porty, u[)liL>ld Uiibi>rtd<! Itui^'li. and wiui so 
active ill the work of administration, that he 
juid Hubttrt, lh<> rhief juitic-inr, nrc cmplpd 
together, in a uotict.- of iltu Karl of ClK-^ti'r*t) 
diioiilectioD in 12:^2, ns 'riders of thv kinu; 
aod kinffdotn' (Walter or CovESTKr, ii. 
^Sl ). In l:i'2ii hn mairhed lo iho aicsijitaiica 
of Willium tliH Maivliat, wlw yvni* nuiklii^ 
war agiiiost the WeUli. Id VJ'24 ht- wan ap- 
point^ nhoriff of Ilampnhire aiid constable 
of tkc Mtsi !■« of Winrhi-alt^r, l'aTC^lic»tt>r, ami 
Southampton, and (diL-hli' of !?lfitlunlskiru II nd 
Shn^Uire (Doylk), and, prubably in tlio 
nttiUDer, wrote to the chief juBticiarr urging 
him to call Talht^^i di? Kn'mitf' c<> acnmnt 
for liiKTioluTiluondiivt {Huynl l^rtterf, i. :i2tJ). 
Having bt«nappoiiiteilliyt1iKkingon 3 March 
1235 to JUNjAoiiiany Kk-hard, earl of Cornwall, 
on hiflt'xpf^iiri.)n t<i(iiiiM>>nv< ftrdrra,\. 177), 
hvsailEKlonPalinSunday. llioi-xpi'ditionwKX 
succ^aaf al r M« upderHlc II A RC , Eaoi. OF Co R5- 
wall], anil Gafcony, which was threatened 
by IxiiiM \'lll, was wcuri-d. Sjilijibwry set. 
mil unfai>rutiini homu in tht^ autumn and uii.-t 
with roujjh weather, the ship being for »onie 
days dhreu about by the (empcst, and all 
hia goods cast ovcrhofird. While the d»ngt<r 
wsa at iu height he and the seamen miw a 
great light and a lovely muiden sitandiug, 0.1 
It »eomed, at the ma^t-hoad, whom be atone 
knew to be thv Hk-^nwd Virgiu i-onie Co suc- 
cotir ihein, for frmn I he day of his knight- 
hood he had ever prtivided a light to buru 
before the Virgin a altar. 'I'he Bhip wa.s 
driven upon ihi- '\Av uf H<-, then hidil for 
Louia by Savaric de Mauli-on, but lie found 
aheller id the abbey of our Lady of 116, Two 
of Srtvnric'* men r.-cogri i*.>d liim and wam<^ 
him to eMiiM.' ; hf gitvc tht-m 207. mid again 
•et aail, landing m Curtiwull at Christmai.- 
lide aAer a voyage of nearly three months. 
iiwbile it wa* rf-piirted in Knglniid that 
wa«d<«d, and Hubert du llurgh tried to 
obtain the hand of the counlwa £la far bis 
D«fibew [see under Bt'Baii, HrsiiKT uk, 
^Tien on reaching Kngland ihf p-arl hear^ 
thiit, hewae wrolli.and wttnt to.MnrllMroiigh, 
whuv the king then waa, to complain of 
Hubert's conduct. Peace havingbeen made 
betwi^en ihem, he dini'd with Hubert, and on 
fats return to his raslh* at Sidi(>hiiry fell sii-k. 
Tb» BtoTT that Hubert jiuiAoned htm was 
ftlse; the privation)) that he bad nndmoiw 
are mongh loermnni for hi^ illnewt. Find- 
ing bta end nenr ht; »^ut for the Itii^hup of 
Sftlitbaty, Kicbord le Poore, to come to him, 

and when ihi' bi«hop vnterL-d bis chamber, 
nwu from hta bed and knelt almost naked 
before bim with a rope round hi» neck, de- 
clarity that be wn? a traitor lo God, nor 
would bi.4 rise until he had cunfuwuMl and r^ 
ceiv(K) the cBcrament. He died on 7 March 
1226, and was buried in the then unfinished 
cathedral of Salisbury, and it is rvlated as a 
miraculoui^ proofof hU»ah-iL(ion,thnt though 
then* was a etorm of wind and rain whila 
his body was being borne from the castle to 
the caOiedral, the tighta carried ill tlu» pro- 
cojwioii wyru nol extingniithed (VVexiiovhb, 
iv. 116, 117). The fine tomb attributed to 
himin the eaatemmost barof the south arcado 
of the mive boa bis fuU-lfngth recumbent 
t'lligy in chain nrmuur, and is a romarkablo 
work of art. His arms were axurH,six lionoeU 
rampant or. 

Salixhury wiiaa wise end valiant mBn,iiiot) 
indot^, to be mnked with patriotic aliUve' 
men, such a» Williaxu the earl-marsh&l and 
Hubert de llurgli,but far smieriorioinoat (^ 
thpnnbli«f>f hi* (lay, and sinrtTfly attached to-! 
ihu Lnt«'n'«ts of the royid huuj^u from which 
he came, faithful as long an it was poasiblA 
lo bis brother John, and a good Mrxunt to 
hia young m-phew Henry. H*; ai'eniR to have 
been hut -tempered, hut, though conceruud 
duringthe war between Jobii and the barons 
iu somi! cruel raragcs, was religiQas,andhu 
l\\v pood word of toi? monastic chroniclers, 
iwing <l(«.-ribcHl in his epitaph given by 
Matthew Paris as 'Flos cowitum.' He was 
n beiiefaclor 10 the Austin uriory of Bradcn- 
6lj:>ke,Will*hire, founded by WalteriifKvreux, 
tbu greut-gmndfatliL'r of hi.-^ rounle»a, and in 
122l'gavelhemaiiur of nethrop, Gloucester- 
fihire, to lYnhuKiun inonka Inr a monajitetT, 
and left th>.'ui certain bequests in his will 
made in hie Inst ackness. He wus conune- 
momted ut the hosptt&l of St. Nicholas, 
Salidbiiry. Afl»'r his death hia countt^s Y.\\ . 
(liom at Amesliury, Wilijtbm-, II'^T, ciic- 
("fJud her father 1 IDO, and married 1 198 at 
about the age of twelve), at the request of 
the inrmkst of Methn^p, removed them lo her 
nuiiiurof Henlon,orHiiit(iii,.S>iiier»et,whero 
(the built them a house called Locua Dei, de- 
dicated in l:!;i:*. She also, in 1232, built a 
monaxterv for nun* ofthe onler of St. AusaiQ 
at l..a(.'ocli, Wi]t$hin.<, where in 1238 she look 
the veil, and in 1239 was elected abbess. 
Stie lived a holy life and ruled lief bouM 
with diligence until in 12l>7, being in weak 
luvilth, «he resigned her otGces. Hhu died 
and wii!« hurled at I^acock in 1261. Dy her 
Earl William had four eons, WillUm Long- 
e«pfe(IJllJ?-|-_'<'iO)[q.T.],HirhRnl,n canon of 
Suli^hurr, Stephen, iipmiinted oene^clial of 
Oaacon/iii 1 2o^ Hnddied 12GC>, and Nicholas, 




Ushop of Salisbury (<f. ViV7), uii) four 
daugutors, Isuliella married to William Aa 
VfAijv, PetroiiilliidiiHl unmarrietl, Ela, mar^ 
riwi (iMt Th(fmft».e«rl of Warwick (rf. 1241^), 
art(] *'ron(lly I'liilip Ha«sct, on^I Ma maiTi*'d 
tirst Waltor FitzKubcrL, aud auuuudly Wll- 
liam ilu Benuclismp. 

[R. Wcndorcr, iii. 237, 257, 287, »*7. iv. &t, 
110, l!7(EogL HiBt. Soe.) ; M-Vt. FariB. Cliron. 
Maj. iii. 3. as, ]Uj (RoliN Sor.): R- Hovoderi, iv. 
13, U2 (Rolk^er.ji ICCo^mhuU. pp. lo4, 179 
(KolU fiep.) ; W.CuvMiiry, ii. 2'2ft, 231, 2Sfi, 2.'j1. 
SA2 ( l(i.ll« Sot.) ; Sirmu Clkarlers, pp. 1 86, 252 
(IUiIIm S*!r.); Auwiili'» Momi.'-t., Tuvrkcatburr, i. 
66; I)na»taI)1^ iii. a*, 48. 5ft. 8*. 8^. 99; Wore, 
IT. 40(1 (BUUSi-r.); lliMuira d<it Dui» du Ni>r- 
mnri'lit, pp. 12fl. 13l>, 13*. ]44, 187 (.Suciit* dn 
l'JIt>t'»i'c de Pnucr) : Uhroniqun d'Krnnul. pp. 
403, 404 (Soci^tfi de niislaire) ; Ciiron, i\v Muii- 
Toa, \>. \V1 (Botinulj-iio Club]^ Rojrtd Leil«r8 
Hull. Ill, i. piifeEim(U<ills8er.); liymur'aKasdopd. 
Tol.i. |>t. i.paunni (Recorded,); Rot. Mag. 8cncc 
Konuno. it. Prtfaoe auil p. 2'91, ed. SuE>letoa; 
"Rtit. I. it, PaU}nt,cd. Eurdy, pitMim f Uemni edO; 
Oul. AmioricuH, ap. RkimiI drs Hi«t. xvii. 30, 
9t, tOi>; Oul. dn nnngi» up, Hiicuril. xx. "irv'; 
L'E«toir« dft KriK!t«s. xxxii. 12 (Reiroeil d«» nii>- 
tun«uiid<^ Croiandw, iv.; Hint. OoL-idoot, ii,343; 
Olirrr ScImI. and .Tac. lic V'itriaco, ap. CreatA Dm 

ET rnuwus, pp. 1199, IIOI ; Ocntn Cruci|[ej-. 
hoEt. nrid FrngmfiitiiTn Prov. i)« {.'apt. IHitniiitw 
sp. Pulil. (lit In Socle rOri<^nt Luiin. Siri'- Hist. 
ii. nl.'JOl; Hernani. Thiwaurrtr. e, lOS ap. lieniro 
IiaI. SS. Til. cil, SHo; JnirtTJlIi". MAm. c. 6fl, «1. 
JUieliitad, i. I»7: Uot. Lilt. Clnus. pp. 3fKX-40fi; 
Diig(]idc'A Riironn^p, i. ]7<isq.; Ihigdiilr^'sMoiuut- 
ticoc. vi. 3-5, 338. .^00-2 ; U()ylr'H Offii-iid Uiir*iii- 
age, iii.iitS: Stiililis's C(in«titTjtinniil Hin, i. S4t, 
ii. 23. 3S; Niculos's UiBl, <.»f RuvmI Navy. i. 141. 
m7-tl. latf. liKi; Ilurrows'B 01111116 Purt8.pp.«5. 
S6 ; Ili>&rB'i. Will.-.lire, i. 3G. 54S.] W. U. 


"NVILLIAM OK, oiilled E.iiti. of SaLWDi'RY 
(121i'?-lL'5U(.elde«r fioiMifWillinaide Long- 
eap6B(if. lyi'fi) [n. v.], liiirdptirEof rtalinJniry, 
fiEid liiscotinti-^^ I'lhi.wutt prubabty UjntiilioiLl 
121:?. for in JiiiiP 1233 bo rtJCeivt-d kiiiij-lit- 
iiiK)cI fnim Henry in in person at Glouc'ster, 
but. (lid not refflivc liiitfrtthfir'n earidom t'lrlicr 
tlu>u or at uiiv lati;r tiini^, thougli liu iii otlmi 
dt'scribed un fearl of Salisburv-. Th« ruaaon 
of this i* unknown, except ciint he himself 
ddcliLri'd tlmt tlit! Iting wttlihold tho titlt- and 
itA emuluuii'iilH fruiu liiui iti ciuiHetitimK't* uf 
eome I«gal diflieulty, and not from any dl*- 
pleaaiirt}, and tliat be reci?iv?d from th^ ktn^ 
& grant of si.\ty mnrks from iJie cvclit'uni'r 
UntiWucli timcfishiHutaiiDHhuuld he d4>c-ided 
^Annals </ Tewketburu, ap. Annnft* Monat- 
ftVt,i.90; Mattiikw PAiua, iv. ti.'iO; Third 
Jt^ort qf f Ae JLvrdt on tin Diymty qf the 

hugf^afin In iUl- rout at Grroamaiit faee 
Hksrt IIIj'. lie was cbitif commisMc 

Purofffi.-p. 1^9). In tb« autiunn of 1233 ba 
marched witbtlickinfra^in^ft tlie Welsh and 
otbt;r atlifi' of tbu (.'fLrl-niur»tial. antl lost all his 

_^aee under 
coDutusNonar of 
aspire at Norwich in ]i'.Sl. On 28 Jan. 1336 
be was on« oftlifwitnt'ssi-s to ihc confirma- 
tLoiioftlieQni.>atCUaTter,andintlie following 
June took the cross with the king's brother, 
RirJiard, t-arlof ('oniwaM. Ht>waswith the 
king at the council huld til York in Septem- 
ber 1237, and bis name comiw next afWr the 
English and ScoTtiah earis who witnessed the 
nf^reetncnt made tlierc lK'tw»s'ii Ht-nrr and 
Alexaiidt^r ii of ^^ontlund (/'Wfr«, i.*234). 
In ll>40 hv occompauii^ Karl ICicfaard of 
CornwuU on the cruRade, staying aoma tinw 
in France and oinharkiii;; at ftfarsetllea in 
September [tva^ tiudrr IlitruABO, Kakl op 
Corxwall], Tlit^v reached Acre on 8 Oct. 
and rf-embarkt'd iliere on 3 May 12-41, arriv- 
ing at Trepani on 1 Jidy, .Vfter a long siuy 
in Italy with thi> itarl, WilUain roliira»d to 
KngEund ^arly in March 12-1^. He accom- 

{iiinifd tbL> king to Ga.!ironr, difitincnifthed 
liniaulf at tint nkinninh at Saintiw in Jnly, 
aud rfmained with tbt; king at Bordt«iix, 
b«inf puttogri?al fipenw? and inclining debt 
through the long residence of Henry in that, 
city [»&•■ undi^r II^Mnr Iii]. 

blirred by thp e.Miuiplu of Louis IS of 
France, William again look tlieerosa in May 
1:^47, and, being doiiiroua of raising mon^j 
from tbow! wlio had taken the t-ro** in Eng- 
land. ohtniuLnl an inl^nriew withtha pope( In- 
nooenl IV thenroaidiiig at Lyons), at 'which 
he said that though hi» namn waa great and 
fetiioiifi lii^.'^iibKtuncuwtistfniiill, that the king 
had taken away bis earldom (bi'« above), and 
requf'itttd thiit he might raise money aa 
Hitrhard nrc'iirnwatl had done. PlfiaaedwiUl 
Ilia fluijiieiiL'f iitid lianiUoine figure, Ilie pope 
gruiit'.'U hifi ivquest in pari ( JIatthew P.ihis, 
IV. HiKt), and lie co.lli'Ctod a thousand marka 
and niorfl I'/A. p. (i;i*l). He was ibe leatlpr of 
the E(lL'li^lt i'i'UNailur)<, and in l'2i2, having 
rt^eivtiu lic-C'ii^t! from the king, and oblalued 
tbeblesoingorhifi mother, Ela, then abbess of 
Lawik |^(U?e under LoKuisri^:!:, Wt].i.1a» de, 
Eakl oP SAt-EHBUET']. Ue 8el out in July at 
the h&ttd of u lino force of two bunured 
knigbtjn, having Uobert de Vere as bin stan- 
danl-liearer. l.onts,nhiiwafttliRnnt DatnifttA, 
rweived him graciously, but the French gen^ 
rally wer>^ hostile to him, and tbo king in 
vuin urged on them the necessity of union. 
Ily good luok rather than valour he took a 
towDV full of SaraevT) ladieti and treasure. 
This eaiiwd bis name to ho much rtuoken of, 
and added to thi! jealousy with wnich the 
French regarded him. Again acting ou hiA 





«wn account, he lurpritMl iitid took with 
aiuhII I1W8 a c-aravttu or invreliundiw.- uii its 
roul TO AksABilria, gaining a ncli spoil of 
•cuinfU, mules, tas^i, spices, un^fuenU, gold, 
«nd silrer. 'Iht' FivnrJt rrii»R(l«>N, with tlie 
Iciiiir't brorher, liobi^rl. count of Aroiit, tC 
thrir he«(l,HizL>d hisfpnila, declanng tbat be 
h*>\ l>roken the rules of ihe expedilioa by 
makmga foray on lii^ own nccouni, nor would 
thiiv listen to hi» prupoMal lu tihun.> iLir spoils 
with the whole anay. On bis complaitiui^ 
to the king LouU Mid tliftt h« wit^ grieveu 
liul was unable t» help him, and Ilotx^rl of 
Arloio iDMet«d that he uod broken (h<^' nik-s. 
J^uU prayed him U> put up with his Iocs 
mht-r than nuke a division in the army, but 
William declared that I^niis wua no htng 
«}tic^> he eould not do right to hi» fullowLTs. 
And that be would tvjryu him no more. So 
1m niftrch«d off with hia n)<>n and went to 
Am*, wlierts he niiblishr-d his)rri«»viinpea and 
urupiiMKt to ibflViQiilarHHud Ii<>^pitnl)trm to 
join him in makintr war without the French 
and wiib troops that he would »^nd for from 
KnglAnd. H18 wrath waa furth(>rt'xr.ited by 
lu«nti); that wbvn ho inarvhtnl away Itobett 
-of A rtois »i>id that the m«fnuSc«nt French 
srmy woAtbf better for Wingclwftnst'd of the 
int*ii with laiU, meaning the Knglihh. 

NVUile ho wax at Acru he rvcuivod u letter 
frc'tn Lo»i« tirginghimto return,snd #pvakiug 
■of r'-rtoin rumours of an impending success 
in nhii'b th^ king wa«dc«trouit that he should 
«hnn*. He wriit bock with bis furoL^ heard 
tb>! Lirg'a hopes, and wa3 reconciled to his 
■enemiea. When in February ll'-V) the cm- 
Jioding anny crotuenl thw Awhiuuu bmncli of 
ihc nmi of the Nile that flowe unl by Dami- 
«ita. by a ford near Mantourah, William, the 
Count of ARoih, and the Tetnptnn), an »oon 
«» tlie>' bad effected th« passage, pr«i»ed for* 
ward and altackiMl the infidcfU without watt- 
ing tor otrders. Thev puehcd the Sarocent 
4»i'k,androdetbrougn Manwiirah after them, 
tboug^h thoy wuru almost overwhelmed by 
tW stoned coat at t bem in the town. Robert 
<if Arrois msbed topreas on. miarrelled with 
the moslecB of the Temple ana the finspltiil 
«rbo urral a reliini to the main army, ntid 
wbfii William interposed, recommending 
(liat the advicv of the master of the Temple 
should lie followed, gtoaaly insulted him, 
«ayiii;; that the Ktielish were i-oward>t, and 
that the army would be well quit of t&iU 
iuidtbi>sc who bore them. William answered 
that be would be that day (1^ Feh.) wbeK 
lh<9 count would not dare to touch bi» horse's 
tail. tx> they rode forward. The Suracens 
having been reinforced bv the Knharitvs, or 
3fain>-luiika, surmundi^ tttem.ond tlie count 
«rieil out to William l« lliw. To wUich 

Wihum replied: 'rleOMiliud.mytitthvr'ai 
will not flee for any Sanu'^ii. I would rather ' 
die well ihni) live ill.' After braring tho 
brutil of the battle William was slain with 
many others, llis morher h said as she 8a( 
in bertftoll at l,Arock to have wen him enter 
haavea in full armour, and in Eugbiiid ha 
was recltoned a martyr. Struck with bis 
valour, th« eullan had him buried, and afterr] 
wards repnwch'^d the Chrintiaus fur leuvinC 
bis tomb uiicnre«1 for, though they asserteo 
that a mimciilous light aboiie above it. Tliey 
obtained learc to remove Iii« bonea and re- 
V'.Tentlv buried them tn the church of the 
Uolv ('Sdw at Acre ^Maithkw P-^kim, v. 
147-^1, ItW, 173, U-2). A fine tomb on lh» 
north aideof the nave of Salisbury Cathedral 
iitaltribuU'dluhim. WilliaiumiirriedldouiiOf 
daughter and heiress of Richard d« ComoUla, 
and left aponnomed William who never bore 
the titleofeftri. Thift William woawounded-. 
ut thetounuuDunI of HIvlli.Nultiiighamfhira, 
on 4 June 13fi€, iiud died of his wounds ttifli 
next year. He married Matilda, daughterofi 
Walter d<> ClitrorrJ [see under Wiltbu DS 
Clifford,!^. 1I9U], 

(ADDnJee MoDnst., Tovtosbury. i. 90, IfiS, 
Wore. iv. 436; U- Wondowr. iv. 279; 51. Paria, 
iii. 253. aUB, ir. A4. 140. 318, 630, 636, v. 7S. 
no tujr|., 149 and for death. See. aa abovp, for 
William his Mil tA. 557. Onfl, 012. PiirJs's ac- 
count of ibe bftitlfi omr ^lasmnmh should be 
ooinuirad with tboK io Joinvilla's Bint. d« S. 
Loou, tUeLelirv dc J. P. SnrrBsini'. and the Ex> 
tnuts dsB Hi^Ariens Arnbos in CrvrKt dea 
m^noinm. i. I'il, I'Jlj. 373,373. tlo.wl.Mtcbaiu]. 
with L'i-^Toiredi^Eraclss.xxxn'.c. Lap- Keeoetl 
dra Hist, dn Croisiidvs, iv. ; Bist. Orctdeat. i!. 
43ft, and with the P<>^in9 tmr la llntaille deHan- 
■oumh. in Miohol'* J<.>invill«. p. 3'27; F<«iar«, i. 
aiO. 253,370 (Kerarded.); Third lieporl 00 the 
Dignity of the Poi>r«fto. p. 1 3<) ; Dogdaln's Rnron- 
ue, i, 176; Dugdalen }Iunti»tic(iu, vi. 6U1-3; 
!%)«'» Official Baronagr. iii. 236.] W. H. 

1B84). Irish judge, bom in 1802. was son of 
MountifoTt Longfield, vienrof HejwTT S«rgca 
or Desert Mngee, co. Cork, by bis wife QncH^ 
daughter of William Lysognl of Fort Wil- 
liam and Mouiit North', Co. Cork, lie was 
educated at Trinity College, Dublin, ersdu- 
Bte<l as moderator and gold medallist in 
scieiia^ in \H:i:\, became a fellow in lt>2&, and 

froceeded tot be deii^reeaof M.A. in lH29ud 
J>.U. inlH»l. in Itf28hen-ascalled totba 
Irifih Imr, hut did not nractiee. When tlia 
profeAffontbip of political economy in Tlini^ 
College was founded in 1&32, hewa4 appointed 
tliu fint professor: and in IHH4 he resigned 
bifl fellowship and liecame n-giiis profuMor 
of feudal ana Kngliah law in the university 

Long! and 



of DuUiii, an ofEco which liu Luld till liti died, 
though from 1871 hocf4i.«ed to discliBt^' iu 
duties, except by his deputy, N. Ilitdiic. Q.C- 
Ho waa i-sUi-ined iin i*j>pwinny learned real- 
property luwyur. In 1 »42 he became ■qu«en'9 
couiuel, and in 1869 n l>cnclier of the Kin^'n 
Inns. 1 'pnii iha ]>a»iin^ nf the Ini-miilwtvd 
Kslutua Act in IbtE* he wan tippoiutud oae of 
the tbro^ commit*! on i^rs under it, Mid he held 
that otBce until tbt^ liLndni i<«lnt«8 court wo^ 
coiijttitutod in 185H,whfin hi* became BJudRB 
ofthat court, and continued to sit until 1807. 
lie wAsanftCtive lil>ftrnl,)inda*>iMed tft draft 
the Iriith mL-axurvs uf thu tifHt und ftt'cuiid 
(iladiitnne ndmiiiistratinns. In 1H(J7 h« was 
sworn a mfiubvr of the Ii-Uh m-ivy ooimcil. 
lie was «pjK>iut«i a coTnmig*ion^r of Irish 
nAtlonal education in IHfiH, ntid <m sevfral 
occasions was an iu(»>ssrir In the gimeral 
fivnod of the Irish church, and wiihProf«!i5i>r 
Oalbraith prim-ipally arrfttinetl ttio «c!i'.>mo 
for tliL' churt'h's linnnt'i'. Hl'wusuii tiftive 
Statiplii-alSoL-ieiv. llediedai47FitJ:wilUftin 
Square, Idiliiin. on -Jl Nov, 18*4. In lh4fi 
hemnrrit'd KliziilR>[h Peoelopo, daughter of 
Andn^w Arraslmng. 

[l^iwMtig- 4thser. rtil, x.; IjtwTimea,6 Den. 
1$81; Si>licilor!«'Jmimnl. 20 Nov. I8S4; Timw, 
24 Nov. 1H84; r>iUl. Dublin (irailualCH; Aiioawl 
K(.^-ist.rr. ]SS4 ] J.A.H. 

LONGLAND, JOIIX (M73 - V>t7), 
bishnp of Lincoln, was b-irn in 147-t nt lEfu- 
ley-on-Thaiur.-s in Oxl'nrd*hire. Ilia innllior 
ia doBtTiljL'd a.-* tsiibt;!! Stavh'y of ISnrLVwltT 
la tht' saiiiu cuuiilr. hlnlcrinc us » dtttuy of 
Magdalen CollL-ire. Oxfnrdj und ^ndnntin^ in 
duo coiirsit in arts, lir> bfriimf n fi-lldw, ami in 
1005 was miiilv ]ii'Jiu-i]>ii1 of Xn^dnlm ilall. 
Hb had previuusly (I.^ April IfiOOj l)0*in or- 
dained pricat, niidpresLiatpil (iJH Jan. Io04) l« 
tht' reciiin.' nf WfMnihora Frrrors, n<>tir (Jr-'at 
Uiidiliivv in Kjim'X. ITm P-siynt'd tliis pni- 
fermt'iil In 1.517. Dr.Mcacalfe bcin^r fiiJiKiiolad 
(13 Jiily) as his siicc-'j^or. In I'lU fie was 
maile doctoraf divinity, h«vinfrnrRpiitatirm, 
A» we are told, foi- hard .-ittHly tmd duvulioii. 
In 1514 ho bonunn doun of Salishury, and 
prolcudury of North Kiilwy, Liticoln, to- 
wards Uie laUtjp I'nt] nf Ihf saniR year, Hia 
next [irefermt-nt wiis tn a cannnryntWindj^or 
(11 April lolrti, nnd, (|Towin^{ 'in j,Ti:-at 
liuvonr Willi tin* iiiiiK for hii ejxLflU'nt way 
of prc'iiidiini;,' lit' was inadu ("onfi-ssnr tn 
Henry VIII, aud in 1521 lord nlujoiior. 
On R May in tht^ ftamo yonr ho was conse- 
crati?d bi»linp of Litirri^ln. 

lu the- adminiftratiou of hia s^'e he was 
nctivo and vigilam, etrenuoiislT a««ertiti(r tlip 
righiA and privilc(rf>« ciF the cliurcli. .Many 
K-tlt*ni fruin tiiin to Cnimwfll and olhi-ri^an; 

extant, in which ha dofvnds Ins title to prft- 
ei'tntations and tho like iGaIIiPnek, Z^ttrra 
arid Fapt-n, \x. 'MQ, 453-1, 471, &c,> la 
February 1 It'll ho gave a moiiit ion from (.'rom- 
■well to the cl(^r(fy of his dioee*e, roquirinf: 
th<>m to presoch in person, or provide sermons 
to be preached by others, four times a ytmr 
(Kexxett, C'oUfi-tivTV, IT. tS4 vers.) A* s 
repressor of what he considt^red heresy h» 
waaundouhtedlv severe. In Octobi'rl5.Sl he 
ffmnted a commi.'viion lii John Lnndon [a. r.], 
John H tgduu, and ot liL-n^ to »i:'arch boohi^-llcrr' 
Ktalls at Oxford for heretical books {it. xlv. 
03). While Bt'-'mlTr!?preB»ingn«wdoctrin«, 
lie was a Htaiiiifh supporter of the royal 
supretoaoy, and, tbon^i lie aftuTWAnls Ut- 
terly repenteil it, of the kinji'fi divorce. 

At ttiH he^nnin^ of Michiielniaa ivna 
lii3i; he was marie chancellor nf the iini- 
vctrsity of Oxford, aw oDice whicii he rtitiunexl 
till hit death. He it ruponed to liavo been 
u good friend to the nnivensity, upholding* 
ita nrivile^e» and lending help to poor 
acbolara. At Oxford hv wa.-^ instrumental 
in obtaining decidioci« in favour of The kind's 
divori;t), hut was m-lled with frlonett Ihuiv, 
along with Dr. iJell and Dr. Fox (Lrm, 
Jltri. (/ 0.rfurd, p. 474, quoting Cal. Stat*f 
Faner/i, >Spnni»h, iv. 47A). rhi> same unpopii- 
liirity att4.'ndc>d bim in Llio north. Munhall 
lamented to Cromwi'll that 'poor pe<iple W 
iudictvd for siuull laaMere of pretvndecl 
heresy, as by the Uisliop of Lincoln in his 
dincese' {Qaikosi:h, I^it)?ra nn/l Pnpen, xi. 
Il^'o); while, on thu ollii-r hand, vrc. read of 
wvi-'Q convicts at a tim>j escaping In loSO 
from liis prisnii nt llanhury (I'A. x. 1S66). 
Tliti norlh*'rn n-lwU in the autumn of this 
ynr, in their urlideH addtr>iseii to the king, 
* arL^ griifved that thon:- are btBhope of th^ 
kinp's lute promotion who have wubvi-rt^^d 
the failh nf Christ. . . . i.Tl»'y ) think the he- 
ginning of all this trouble wag the Bishop of 
Lincoln '</(.xi. 705). As in upholder of th4 
niyal oum'mnL'y he had iiwut'-d Atrict iiijunc* 
tiniDitohiB clergy ihu year before (lyJuno 
lo3G) to matututu and teaeh the king^e siipr^- 
macy.and to I'xpnnge from theirpnhlipomcea 
all tnentioiL of (he n«nii.' or authurity nf iho 
pope of l{om(> (Itrtf. lAtJii/l- p. Ity, qudli^d bv 
Kennnit), Th'; aiutie priiiei|'lea appear in hia 
two vignr>nj» and mey'Semionde*, pr<>jirhe<l 
in Kn;:li»h loirnn? tlit- court, fin ihe liood Fri- 
day nf l-'tlMf anil 1o3H rf-'spectivcly. Both 
were printed in the year of their delivery — 
the later oii^ bv 'I'hoinHji I'l-tyt, and a ropy 
of it ii« at Liimheth. Longlaiid'» tre-atmi-n c 
of htin-tios, SB for iiiGtanco of ('lark, who dim] 
inpriBon {cf ^nryrvM. Jitter* and Pape ft. \t, 
I7H.1>, watt a Main upon hi.4 character. But 
it 18 unjinst lo deitcrilje him on this occounC 





lid ft ' n-ick«tl old m&ii/ ' m whom the npirit 
of humtnitv liad been lon^r oxorcJei-d by tbe 
spirit of u) cccIesiMtic ' (Frocde, llUe. t,f 
.^wi!inrf,tL68). HewastliefripnclurUictisru ' 
Keoermjstortq.v.'^to whom lioiii'dimtiHllau) 

* Cjuinquo SormoDM,* pr«ach«d in 1&17, And 
prinu-a by !"yn«on in that Tear (copios arc »t 
Lambeth «nil in iht> KritiahMuaeiim). But ' 
tliahtglieft Ii?»1tiui>iir iu his favour ix tluit.of 
SirTEomu Mor>-', who. wlitn dtfendin^ the 

• Novum laslnnufiiitim 'of ErBsnm«,«ay» that 
Lonfrhuid. dpai) of Salisbury, 'nsfooad Cnlet' 
('■lt«r, ut <,-jiis 1iiudi-9 un« vorbo couipleclar, 
CoUtiu '), wWt her hia pwuclung or the purity 
of his lifw wfrt' rvgmnled,Cen«ednot tn cfwluro 
tbnt he faa<l f^imvl raort* li^ht on t lie New 
T«9>taiu«i)l from EraKOiu^'^ writiiijti* than from 
almost all ihti i>thfr comnti-niHries ho no»- 
nssed {Epi^tolte aiiytiot £ruditorttm, ]h2(}, 
leaf M. iiii.) Hr also establishBd an alms- 
boute ia hh nalivc town of IleDlev. Mis 
dwib took ])lac« on 7 May IM7. In'hiBwill 
faedtn.'ctMl that his heart should hv hiiriiilin 
fn^ntof the bi^-h allarat Lincoln, his boneU 
at Wobtim, where be died, and the rvtx of 
bis body in tbt' coU«giat« church of Kton 
(Lb Nsvb, Fifti, i. 21). The cpitaiih on his 
Lia&s * in Eaton Coll. chanpen Boout the 
midtUa* i» pres^rred in Henrr "W'liarton's 
collectioos {Lamhfth M.SS. No.' ftHT). p. ;-l7l ), 
A * fair lomu of marble ' wun ervoltd for him 
ui hi* cathedral hi Lincoln, on the frii>ze above 
which ira« the pimnioK l<-*gfud alludicji; to his 
name-: 'Loo^ terra monsura ejus; l>omInus ' 
d«dit.' The reference is to the Vulgate, Job 

Tbe works Longland printed, be»idfs those 
alnadr tn«ntionr<l, wore 'Tn-* Concioncs,* 
publtsbed wiiba reif^ueaf thn'ij»tn<]UL>Ser- 
iBOnes ' by IViiwtn aiioiit. 1 n27 (<H7pie<i are al 
Lambeth an'.[ I he Llriti^bMu^eam}, 'Ilie first 
'Odocio'i^ dated loll); another i« tht^onedo- 
livered at Oxford on the layini; of lh<> faiinda- 
tioiHStooe of Kinff's College (('hriiit Church) 
in 162S. ]>3njrtand alK> publi^hfy) ' Kxpotii- 
tione»Cotirionnlf-**onthf iVnttenliiiU'MiIiiie, 
and a'Cnnri'i'prpnclied l!7 Koy. lot?? (Lon- 
don, by I'yoMii, 1631). 

[Aothnntie^ quoted; Vri>oti'(iAthBnie.Bd. Bliu, 
i. 101 ; Mniv^ll LytAITi-t.of Eton r.>|l«««. 2ad I 
ed. pp. IIP, l:!0;' Colec'x Lectaropi on Rumant, j 
latTOO. pp. xsiT-Ti ; 3iTniiIiin(t'» E»rly Printed 
Bovks at LAmtrt 111. Ao abftraclol bis ruutber's I 
will. d«i»d 13 Sqjt. 1527, w girtn \>y Kwinrtt : 
(UnaduwiM! MS. a3fl, fol. 70] J. U. L. 

1400?), poet. ;;$ee L1.V0LAXD.] J 

(17W-lWHt, «rcbbt»bopof Canr^^ 
at Bol«y Hill, Korheai^r, 28 July 17IM, nu ^ 

fifth son of John Longley, a well>known poli- 
tical writer, who waa recorder i>f Rochester^ 
and oncofthpmAgistrat4>fiattheThaTQtfS police 
court, and dieil fi ,\pril !§--. Charle«,af\er 
att«ndin)r a private *tJa^<n at (liMm, Surrt-y, 
vra-i elected a kiii^# scIioliLr at '^Vtfgt minst or 
it) IrttV; and his nam^.- carved by himiielf may 
still he teen in th« dormitory. In Ihl:; he- 
was elected to a Atudcol^h ip at Cliri»l Church,. 
Oxford, wheoca he mduaied B.A 1615,M.A. 
1818. B.D. and DO). 1829. H« was (Jreukj 
reader in hie oolleoe 182:j, tntor ami nentior' 
1825-8, examiEienn the cUnieal schools in 
1K35 and 182e, and proctor ia 1827. EiJ 
Imiidsoiiie fuiT and winning manner scliioTi; 
for him much popukrity in Osfonl, In 1818-1 
he took holy orders, sod hocaiiie curate at 
CowIpv to thp incumbonr, Thomas VowW 
Short (nfiiTward^t hij>hop of St. A»aph). On 
1 Nov. lHL*y Loneley BUr<;eeded SJiort in the 
living, and on 30 Aiifr. 1827 he 
rector of West Tytherlev, Ilamptihire. Long 
k-y wss eleetud henJ*niHsIt'r of Harrow 
Kjchool on 21 3Iarch WU'd. He rt--main«^ 
there for seven years, and although iho- 
niimber of boys ^row iintl-T bis niln fmia 
ll'ilc) Itin, much laxitv uf diitcijdin>j pre- 
vailed. Oa lo Oct. l(m I/inl Slellwunie- 
uominatM Lougley lhi> linjt hUbop of th»- 
Hfwly founded si-i- of Hijifin. Hi» (^piscn- 

gite wa« most fjucci-ssrul (cf. B])ee<;h of Sir 
obert Teel in the Uoum* of Commons oi» 
5 May 1813). In ItCki hdirmly aiipj.ire«8e(i 
' Itomnn cutlioHc teaching und praciicct)' at 
St. .SnviourV. Ix'i?ds, and bin acti>an created 
much advemo citmmfUt, but hin crilica al- 
tert-d llieir tone when several of the niinii"- 
HTsof K[. Saviour's wi-nt over to Kiime, Oa 
thi' n>eignatiun of I >r. KJward Mattbr [q. v.j^ 
Liingley wax, nn Ixird Pal nieraton's n^om- 
menJation, translated to the we of Purhaia 
VA Oct. l.'ifirt. On I June I8(J() ho B«coeeflL-(I 
l>r. ThomsB Musgraw in the archhiahopric- 
ofYork; on 9 June IMK) hi> wasgaxelleda 
privj- councillor; and on '20 Oct. 1862 W 
wa-t pmrnori-d to the »eo of Canterbury, 
[n 1)^}4 aniN! thi> di£iculiv ruspecting I)r. 
J. W, Coleuso and the ^^atal bishopric. 
Longley never hesitfttod to declare his con- 
viction of the un-uiundnes:« of Dr. Colenso's 
teaching, and aflirmed that he waa rightly 
dejKtsed from the cplso^pate. At the same- 
lime he cautiously ahiriiin4>-d from commit*! 
ting himself to anything whiih might seem < 
to bring Lbs church at home into contltctn-ilta] 
the law. His primacy wat more particularly ' 
distioguiahed by the'Lambelh or l*an-Angli- 
can synod — ane«tiiieinLnndonon'24-7Sept,. 
1907 of seventy-eight UriTi^li, cvilotiiat, and 
bishiip, in order'to moke n dfiuonsCmtion oC 





untou betvreen the scatteit'-d bmicheti of ih^ 
«ngli<Mincliurrh.' Inpiu*lium«n( bfwasiisu[i- 
jioritT uf lliy libernJ [wirry, hul Li> \nli-tl niiii 
fijinlie tifiiiinst thu OxIoxJ Uiiivtraitj Itefwrm 
Bill of 1854. tliP IHvorcf Hill in IftST.Lonl 
Kliiiry's motion for a rtsriiiioii nf lht> prayer- 
1hkjI>. ttit^ niutriuii for a luiiiliiii'ation of tbe 
Att uf Uniformity, &nd foraiukingaD sltera- 
tion in the Wrinl si^n'icp. As b mnn of 
leriming, :>f cultivated Lnti'llfct,(jf coiirleous 
mumifr?, tuiJ an ovt-ii U*iu|>t!r, he won public 
coiitiileuct*. The- archtiaiiop died of bron- 
■«hiliH at Addingtoti I'lirk, iu-«r Cruvdoii, on 
y" (I'i^t, iKtWS, diid wjia hiirmd in Aildington 
pa.i-t.*ii utiurcliViird on a Nov, Il>:^ married, 
on [o Dec. )(^-31, Caroline 8opbia, eldest 
t'liilij ofSir Hvnry Itrooko PitrML'n, tirjit baron 
■Cnii;rli'toii; aiie dwd at. Auckland OastlB, 
Diirliuiii, 9 Maroli lSa>i^ having hud iuue: 
[U'»n-, ijom 1834, catl(>d to thn bar at Lin- 
■(.'filii'ft Inn 30 April 18<H), s.'Ci>»d cliiiriiy 
«iminissionnr Febrmiry 1879; Ciuorfft-, burn 
U Jliirch Iftio, of tlie royal encineers, sorved 
in tlit-'I'iirliieb coTilinji<;nt in tlin(--'rimeft and 
-«Uj iu till" Chiiiwc war, and wnu< danjinroufly 
woiiiided, retirad as liL'uttfnmit-toliKitd 'i Jua. 
187-*; Arthur, born 1" IV-b. 1841, statFpny- 
nifl-itor in thu nnny with thw hnnorary rank 
of i«(ijiir:J4 D('L', 1884; Utiirv Ufiini'Ua.mnr- 
rit'd '' Dae. W'>S Uvorga Witigbeld Itourke 
^fourth Bon of Hobort, fifth wirl of Muyo), 
rei'Ior of CouUdon. iwrt Croydon; Frances 
ICli'iibi'lh : Ciinilinr (.-tcurjjrijitm, tl. IWI Ocl!, 
llS87,wlio oinrriiH], (i Nov. lt**)2. Major Lertitt 
-of tbe lt)th Uiij^nrs; and Itosamond Heater 

Limglpy was thu aulhor of: 1. *A letter 
lo the PaViAliionerA of St, Suviour'i, Lfods,' 
1851. 2~ ' Four Sermoni on the C-onBecra- 
tioii of St. Jnhn thn K van jff list's Church, 
Whitwell,' Vorh, lKf3I. [i. ■ Addreim iIb- 
livt-reil in WUippin^ham Church «l lliu Con- 
iirniation of Prince Arthnr,' I860. 4. ' An 
A'idrPAS di?liv(>red at lln' OjH-ninj^ nf t.he 
-Oonft-rifnoe of Ilishopn,' 18<t7. Bi.'6Ldu» an 
Eu^ljali vi*r8iiin of Koch'o 'Tableuii des K(«- 
volutionH di' riCiiropi?'('1831.4to),nunu!ron!i 
aililn-jtKPA, chaTKi'-fl, ]iadtnml lutu;ni,am) niiij^h; 

(I'robjf's Annals of the Low Cliurrh riirty, i. 
4Ha, ii. IH, 1.M, *<iH; V. ArnciM'. Our Bwhoptt 
»ind I)««D«. 1875, i. lGl-8; Wulcbs WL-htmiiirtsr 
Sch'ilura: Chimh tif Kriyliirid Photograph Por- 
<rai( OHllery, I86S, portrait, 3; lilu!<tr. London 
NttWM. 18Aii xxix. A30, Ifld'J ili. IlSi, jitirimii, 
ISUb liii. 46S; Chrit. Wonlsworth. by Orerton 
and VVonldxirtli; Ki<i([uiCvr nud Mi%grLr.iniiof Bii>> 
([Mpliy, JAnniirT ISSfl. p]!. 40-2; GiurHian, 
as Or., 4 Nov.lB6&; Tinn»,'2», 3tt Out. a, 4 Not. 
1P6S; Life of 8 Wilbon'orrif, BiBhop of Oxford, 
jyH<J-2, >. Ui, Li. ITi, ili. »8, 464.J O. C. B, 

LOMGLEV. i UOMAS Iff. 1437), biabop 

of Dnrbiuu. [See Ljuholbt/I 

LONGMAN, TliOMAS (1699-1755), 
fniind<rr of i he piibliKhing house of Lron^^ao* 
was Lorn in ItHfOal Itriatol, when- hisj^ry^ai- 
grandfathi^r and ^niudrat]i(>r had Iliriven lu 
the f^onp tmde. At the aj/e of nine Ite IokL 
lii.s fur her, lOzekiel, who u described as ' geik- 
tlu[min,' and from whom t*nd from hiii own 
mother he uppeiirs lo huve iohxrited a cun- 
sidenible anaouDt of property. Wh*n he w«« 
ai>TenteL>n his jfuitn^liaiut apprenticed him for 
sHvcii vcani to John Osborn, a prospemiis 
bookseller in Iximbni'd Stn^vt, Loadoo, afler- 
warda mazier of thi.' Stotiouors' Comp&ny, 
wiingedan^htvr ht- married. In 1724, at the 
close of his a]>prHntLCPship, he boufcht for 
2,-JH2^the business rjf .lohu Tavlor. tli- first 
publiiilier of ' Itrhin«on Crii*oc,^ a bocilucller 
in i'aternopTor Kow, at tha sign uf tlie :^Uip 
and Black Htvan, on the site of which, and 
of other hou&es then adjoining it, ore tlio 
premises now occupied by the firm of laoug- 
maji><. In n fi'w iiionlh^ John Osbom enterHl 
-into piirtucrship with his former afiurentiL'e, 
und they traded as 'J. Osbom & T. Loug- 
moii' at the sign of thf Ship. 'I'hey wcm 
among thn ori^innl Hhnri'holdurs, to a small 
extent, of the Eubeequenlly verr Buoressful 
nnd profitable ' Cyclopredia of rfie Art* and 
Si^ioncpjt ' of Kphratm Chambers [q. v. J With 
the ik'ath of Lis fuiher-in-law, about 17<'{4, 
Xhomtu! Irontrman became 8oie owner of tlu) 
bufiinass, which he »>teadily iucreamid by liis 
purcihone of shnn's in Konnd literary pro- 
|iii'rtie«. Ill 1740 he published tits tliird 
volume of Diivid llume'd Krst, work, tha 
'Treatise of Iluinun Nature,' having bMQ 
introduced to Itiime by FrnrK.'!.* lIutche«on 
(UuKlox^Li/etlfJluffw/iAlT-Uiii. In 1744 
lie was the owner of nearly a nixlb of the 
Bhare^ofC'bambem'ii'Cyclopiedia,' tbe latest 
number held hy any of it-s pmpri')lor». He 
waji one of lliu six b^iiiksL'lKm wbo entenKl 
into on agreement with Dr. Johnson for ttft 
protluction of the Kngliih dictionary, the 
' Plan ' of whieh wan ttwited in 1747, itoa- 
Tvell's statement that 'the two Meesteun 
l.«ng^man' wero parties to thia agreement is 
probiihly erroneone. He died, fipparenily 
nbildlefiH.on iHJnnc 1755. (ForilliistrHtions 
of his kindlini,-.'^ of disposition saa CiiAM- 

nHW, h-PHKATM.) 

LosoMAS, Thomas (1730-1707), l>om in 

\7''VJ, nephew of Uieprticodinc-, wa? taken, at 
twenty-three, into p»rtner«lii[i hv his nitcle, 
ftl whose dealli he cnccwdwl to tKe bu«ine«&. 
Ho fjrfatly extended it In the provinct^a, and 
became avor\' large e.\ porter nf hnoki* in the 
American colotues. lie promoted tliu iMua 







«f a much eolaiKed and liicrAiivd filiiKm uf 
Cliamlxjre'i; ' C^-vlopwdin.' and divd ia 1797, 
i>(iN-i:ijux, Thouas Nobiox i 1771-184^), 
brtm in 1771, son of the prwceding, bocaine 
Ttrtiial liend nf the bii8i»t-A!' bj hiH father's 
j^idiinl witbilniwil from it, which began 
about 1792, and be 8accix?ded to it on his 
fiifh^r* death. Before this lie bod in 1794 
taki'ii into partnership 0\m*ii Iiei-s 4. r.l 
Before tb« cloM of the Cftitiirv <be llrui of 
Loogniui &, Hee» hod becoux.-, Wb » pub- 
Cafaersuid booh»elli>rs,om>i)t' tlie|.'rvBt»st in 
IdOotlOQ; amon); I)ik t-nrlii-xt of Ihi- \nluiililt> 
•OnpTrif(bl» which thfyncuiiin^ bviu^rtbal of 
I^indley Slurray'j ' Enfli»ti (iniinnmr.' With 
large cnpiul ut their command, they bought 
up buyioeWM sod oopTriiibtK in town and 
«ouiitnr. B^porcbaauigabodll^OOthnbufti- 
new of JtWfrpn Cottle [o. t-I of Brintol thvy 
iHcanu! the owners of ilhe 'Xyrical BuUaibt' 
•of Wordsworth and Cnl«rid|^t>. Ixingnian 
pnMnt«d CotOe with the copyright of the 
'IlaUfldj/ and Cottin in hn turn mnfLc a. 
present of it to Wonlsworth. Although 
Ltm^^inaa did not then ci>iULiO«r the copv- 
ligbt of the ' Ballads' to bo raluable. Cottle 
«pMlV^ of ibe gift as ' miirlifd by ' l-ong- 
mati's 'aCcuatom«Kl Ubenility.' Af^urwurda 
the tirm (Cottle, £o/7y liecollections, 1S37, 
iL ^tS-7) long publLih«d for Wordsworth 
wad ijoiitltt^y, who when in town wtire fre- 
'^uent giiBAtB at tht>ir htcmrr dinner parliea 
uid w'-vkly r»^:«ptioiui. Writing to Coleridge 
in 1 NI4. South^y save of T. N. I^iongman, * that 
man has a kindm-art ofhisuwn.' Sir Wnllvr 
Scott has oummemnmt«.>d ibt- lit«>rditr of the 
finuiii prmentiDglurawith luO/.,in r<;cngDi- 
tktn of tbo 'nnoomnion snnci-^a'of 'Th<< l^ar 
of ihir I.aal Minstrel,' the roprrigbc of which 
they had bought from him for iiOOl. The 
fimi agrv^ to ipTO ThoEuus Moore [q. v.l 
ljirv<c thotunnd guineas for ' l^lla Ifookh 
befotv ihp puvm wok wriltni. Tli'jy might 
Lave l>»Tome Byron 'h publisbi-rs bad they not 
refiiw^l hi» 'English Bards Aud Scotoh lie- 
viewer* ' on account of ibi^ attacka in it on 
■ Mr. 8outhi.-y and otben of thvir litt^rary 
friend^.* Byron M rewiited tho reftual 
tliat when making U. C. Ballai) [q. v.] a 
|imeBt of ' Childe Harold," hi' 8tipultti<>d 
that it Rbuuld nut bo offun.-d t-u lhi_- Luiig- 
nans. Among the more imporlunt i^nter- 
|i«u«A of the firm was the conreraion of 
Kpbniiin Cbarabere'a into ihn iniirh larger 
AIM nioro oomprehcnstve H>-r)>'t> * CyclopCL-dia ' 
[wM Rsii, AllunjUf], in forty-tivit roU., and 
thwr tmblication of Bandinfl's edition of 
I>ugibil«''a ■ A!ona.*tiron,' of Watt's 'Ilihlio- 
tb*^-a Britaiiuica,' and of l^^tr-luiT's ' CahinH 
Cyclrtiijpdia.' In I«26, after the collapse of 
Archibald ConJ5tab!e Iq. v.], t hey became the 

Hilii prikjirictorg of the * I'^liiiburgh ICeview,' 
of which thuy had prcriuusly uwnt-d oue half. 
By rhia time, through succeasive introduc- 
tioiw of new partnora, generally employes 
nf the house, thf de^ignalion of the iirm 
had become Lungwiui, Hurst, Hfe», Orme, 
Brown, & Green. ThoinftsXorton Longman 
died at llampstend, '20 Aug. IKi;*, much re- 
epected OH a ]>ubh.ih>>r and a man. 8nine of 
hit frienda erected a luouuinnut to him, with 
a bust, in llampstead Church. Ilia portoaaltir 
was Hwuni at 2U0,O(X>/. 

I^iStiMAK, Wii.i.itM (IS|;(-1^(77), third 
eon of I hi: preceding, was bom 9 Feb. 1813, 
He rwH-irod his early odncatioii at a Mhool 
at TotleridgB, near Baniet, and in his six- 
teenth year enti-red the wrvice of the firm 
of whii-h hia fatbor woe the head, pufsiiig 
through all tbn pradi-« of the hu^ineJta. 
At tbe same lime he conlimied hia own 
eduf^Httoii, acquiring a fair knnwlmlge of 
foreign Inngiiages and of general Uteratur^ 
and cuLtiviiling n utrnng ta«te for natunu 
scienoe, eaiiecially for eiitomologj-. In 1839 
he became a partner, and attached kimaelf 
to the literary and publishing departments of '' 
thebu.tine'H. Hewtiujiilyd tfie iMeful tnlume 
wliic]) a|i]>earwl iinonymoiiHly aa 'A Cata- 
logue of Works iu all Departments of Eug- 
Ush Literature, rlassifieif, with a (ienerol 
Alpluibetic&l Index,' of which a Micoiid edi- 
tion was iasued in II^H. With a vigorous 
frsme.fae w»» fond of li«-Id-n]>ort9 ai>d oul-of- 
door exercifle. He ^Tplonnl thfr Alp* for 
8r^veru] year* Buccvjwively, and was «ne uf 
the uarlif«t meralxTs nf the .-Vlpine I 'lull, esta- 
blished in l'^7. After being its vice-pre- 
sident, he wa» ir« pre*id.»nr from IH7! to 
1S74. and uclively prfjmot^-'d the publication 
of the record* of their Alpine excursions, 
written by itstuembfrrs.aud uAuedns' Peaks, 
I'aiisea, and Olaciers' in I HTiH- If :.', In 1866 
WHS printed for priviile circulalion his '.rour- 
nol of Six Weeks' Adventures ia Switzei^, 
land. Pirdmont, find nn the Italian Ij&kea.'^ 
In April Mil hi> n'a^l hffort< tlie AlmoQ 
Club, and lift L-rwanl^ priiitud.amperof *Sug- 
gi'Stiousforthi^ Ksplomiionof Iceland.' IIi» 
love of the rounirv led him to live as much 
a» pofisihU' (iin nf inwn. .\fter re*iditig for 
itoine years at Chorleywood, near ltickman»- 
worth*, he removed to Ashlyns, Gn-ai. Berk- 
IiampMead, where he t^wV a leading part in 
re.tixiiug an aliempt. mnde b? h nnglibour- 
iiig Iuii<]i)Wii»r li> 4'netuKu Berkliampstuod 
Common. A Mutual Improvement Society 
having b«^n fortni'd at 1,'horleywood in 1655, 
be deljvereil I0 it in the ftpring of 1857 a 
lecture on Switzerland, which he repfoted 
before a Ixindon audience, and theu printad 
for private circulation. In January lti&9 b» 




delirend. for the benefit of hh sgricultunl | 
B«ishbour8 at Cliorl'-ywood. tin- fir*t of « 
series of tecluree — llititillliani) laei nf wbicli 
frwgiTeiiBtCbrietmiislb62 — on tlit! ' llistoiy 1 
of Englancl to the Close of the Iteign of 
Kdwnnl II." 'I'hfv wen- imhlMhctl a* vol. i. 1 
ill I8(t9, ilo Luti Lutuu(iL>d lu pn on with | 
them, aad had b«i;ua to study the ivign of , 
Edward III.whpnhemiBTfttfdVmmChorley- , 
■woikI lo Aslilyiis. 'i'lie iiH(frvt>t which he: 
felt in thut rvi^n l»l him t<i cnnliiiue his 
reaearchee, and in 1869 appenred hi» elabo- 
rnle and carefully written 'Hisrnrv of ihfi , 
X.ifL' MidTiiUfsof Kdwftrd III.' Partly froni 
it« flosu vifinily tu Palt-niu'lcr liow, ht* | 
threw himseli' heartilr into the moTement for 
thfi rompktinn and decoration of St. PauVo j 
Cathedral, nnd acted as clinirmaii of ihu | 
financo coumiitlei' uppuintid lo administer, 
the fund raised for that object. Uifi intereat 
in St. Paul's flirt hi^r ltd hini In (-onijuwiG the ■ 
vsluuklo monnunipli, piihlixhcd in 187^. ' A 
Jliatory of theXhree tathtjdrjiUdfdicatod to 
St. Paul in London, with ruftrfTicp chiefly to 
iheiT Structnru, Arrliite("mri?,and the ftources 
whouce lliK tieceswiry fiiiidK wen* derived.' l 
nis latest contributfoDs to Uteraturi< were ' 
an RgT-coablc account of ' Imprciuions nf .Ma- > 
deira,' which appeared in 'Fnkir'r'h Maga- ' 
*i«e' f»r Aug^uat ]b7n, aud a piiper, k-ft a 
fracTUpnt, on 'Modern Mount aiticcrittfr, and , 
a History of the Alpinw Club," printed in the ' 
'Alpine Jnumnl'for I"'i'lirnHry IH77. He died 
13 Aug. lH77,iitid wusfsueeuede^i bv his soii» 
C. J. and n. U. Lougman. He wiu nuted 
for his ooiirtpoy lo mwi of leciers and to bia 
br(*thren of * the trade." 

LOXWMAS, T1IOHA8 ( ]!Wl-lt*70). «I(lc!*t 
don of 'i'honiiis Xorton Lougmnii, was bom 
in l&M. Ho was educated At (Jlnsgow 
Univpreily. and nt ati tiarly age began bin 
care<<r in the publifihiiig house uf LoDguian. 
Til lt'32 he became a panopr in it, and in 
1842 hf 8«cceed<?d his fiillier iia its head. ' 
Apart from thooi'dinnry bu-Hines^nf the Arm, 1 
hu dttvoti'd much at ten! ion tn lb'- preparation 1 
of u sumptiion? work, wliicb wiw priKlnci'd ' 
under his BpeciaisiipL'rinUiidtrnee, 'TiicNew , 
TwtamBnt Illuslrftlf-d, with Eiigrarings on 
Wood after PftinUnp»l>vFra A ngelicn.l'iciro 
Periifino, l-'raiiceaeo Vmriria. l.;(^reii»o di 
Credi, Fnt Hiirliilnniineo. Titian, Itapliaol, ' 
(Jaiideniio Femm, rtfinielled(j\'i}Iti-]TB, rain3 
other great Mnslen*. cbiellv of tlie I'.nrly 
Italian School.' The lir^t i>Jiiio)i.coHwi*ting 
of 2'jO eopiu* only, at ten guiiiL-ab cuch, was 
Bold on the day of publicutiuu. A ^eoind mid 
less COAtly edition wn>< if.Hnrd in lHit4, and 
reprinted in I8K1. Jle wafl rbainnnn nf the 
fund raJMsl by ' the trade' in Lonihm and tlio 
provinces fur Ihti tvli&f of the book»eUers of 


PftHs during its si^re bjr the Germans in 1 tiiTO. 
Of the ^cuenit oi>er»tioni of ibr Gnu wfailv 
be vns it& bend one of the most notabI« waft 
the publication of Lord MHcaulnv'i) works, 
especially the ' HiBtonr of KiiKUtid,' fur hin 
ifluirf of the profit* ol the third and fourth 
volumes of which the author received, and 
that merely lut a payment on acenunt, ihn 
famniw ch^eoiie for ^,000/., dated 13 .MarcU 
165<J (see ^KBVKLtAJ(, Life 0/ Lord Mae- 
mitau, edit, nf IW7, ii. 413-14). In !(*«*. 
the ana purchaSL'd the business and si>>ck. 
of John W. Parker, the publisher of We*t 
Strand, London, with which itflcotiirwlmany 
raluahlB nr interesting copyrights, amrmg- 
them that of tho worki- of John Stuart Mill 
and ■ Fra*.-r"8 Magaxiiie.' lu 1S70 Louguian 
purehssed the cnpyright* of Mr. DisraoU's 
noveU, including 'Lothair.* Thtiraas I<ong- 
man died ;J0 Aug. 1879, and left two sniL^i, 
T. \. Jyonjrman, the present bead of the firm, 
and G. H. Ixngntan. IlewaRiheaulliorof a 
pamphlet, publifihed In [K7:J,'SomL- Obtui'rva- 
tioni on Copyrigbt aud our Colonies, with 
special refercnt'c to Canada.' 

(History of the Hou-c of Longman (by the 
wnUr of ihi- articlo'l in th« CriCi<' for ^wrdi 
and Aprd ISfiO; • William Longniiui.' by ■ H. K.'j 
(.Mr. Hciiry RccTfij. in Fra»er's Mag. for Octob«( 
IH77; oliituary uotice*. among tbtni thoM 
Williani Longtnnn in iho AtbcBnum of 11 Aug. 
and ID tbe f ublifrhor*' Cipciilnr uf I 8opL 1877* 
and of Tbotnaa LnngnioD in the Atbfn»Qm 
G Sept. and Fublishcn' Circular of Id Sept. 
1879.] V. E. 

LONGMATE. H.\U.\K (1738^1798), 
geiifulo^ci^t and lienihlic entn^ver, Iwrn in 
173':^, was son of Uarah und Klizabirlh I^oiig-^H 
mate of St. Jaraea, \Vfjitmiii»t'T. lie eD'^| 
graved i*niue tO[iogrti|iliieHi drnwingT, but 
wa* more diKtitigui»bi>d us an heraldic en- 
graver, lie died on L*;t July 1793 in Xocl 
Street, Soho, and wn« buried on the :^lli in 
Marylebrtue churchyard {Gmi. Mag. I7ftS, 079). Byhifiwifeiaij:aI)L-th(J. 17.'<l> 
ne had a son Barak. Uis amall tut ralnabW 
library, and a large colEection of hTftldic 
niannf<crtpls, felehtid at tiiietion on tt and 
7 Mart-h 1794 only -^^til. 9*. 9rf. 

Longmate pnbluhed an edition (the fifth^J 
of Collina'.H 'PHemge,' 8 \tiI*. Hvn, I>on<Inii, 
1779, and n 'Supitlemetit ' in 17H4. Of (hi»' 
w>>rk he left materials for a new edition. 
Ilo «1ro editod the ' Pocket Peerage of Eng- 
land, Scoibinil, and Ireland,' I^mo, London, ^B 
17MM {new editiun. 17W). For Kicbunk ■ 
Joseph Sulivan'a 'TlitiLglita on the Early 
Ages of the Irish Nation and Ilistnrv.' 4ti>, 
17fWt. he engraved an elaburale genealogicnl 
plate, ifntilted 'A (leiieeOngical Ilinlory «>f ' 

the Family of O'CJullinui Mora fruui Duodk. 





TkmD. moDftrcb of IreUod. Anno Miindi 
-1^912.' which heretrardM na bis tiiast*rpi*>m 
<MAKTl'f, O/. of PricaMg Printed Buuke. 
Jt. 105 1. 

riis SOD. BiBAX LosgjuTB (]"<W-1836), ' 
lioni in 17iMr aaecoeded hU father in hU pro- ' 
f<M»inn and as editor of the 'I'ockL-t Pi^'enij^v,' . 
of whicb lie iMtied an etlitioa la two Aao- 
tlecimu Tolnmes in 1813; but the inrrm-sed 
racceas of Debrett** 'Poerajf ' intert'i>rt!<l 
with the taXc. lie was &g>Hjd drau^'Litsuiaii. 
.and wvU skilU-d io lieraldry, and ^viu of 
much 4»»iMAQCC to John Ni<!bo1s and other 

■ .antiiuaric* in tlioir r<jpognipliicnl latwurs. 
About 1N)1 he tnndo notes respectia^ tttu 
cliurckes iu many Oloucostenbire paruliea, 
TTith th« vl*^w of publiihin^ a conTinuat ion 
of BigUnd's ' History ' of ihui coiirty. 

■ Itwinj;, however, tn the firw at NicLijWh 
printiiif^-ofKcf in li^^, the work was aban- 
oofwd, ami the raanuii^ript waa depufiUecl 
nmonj^thecollectinneof 8irThoiiiH«F!iinipp6 
at Midille Hill. Bniadway, Worct-isttiwhin;. 
Loujpnate died on L'o Feb. 1836 (Gent. May. 
i63<J, i. 441)- 

plJcljoU'a IaI. Anwd. ix. ♦, 61 ; Kcd^mre'd 
I>]cc of Artiitx. 1878.] 0. G. 

LONOMUHt, JOItX (ISOS^l 883), Scot- 
tUh antiqiiar^', oon of John Ixin^uir and 
Chmtiati pKt«n»D, was horn near Stone- 
iMTvn, KincArdinesiiire, 1-1 Nor. 1803. In 
1814 bis parents rein'JvtKl to Aberdeen, whi-re 
be was educBled at the ;rrarainnr iwhonl and 
Mariiirhiil i'ollep-. After gmduutiiif^ JL.'V. 
he eompK-li-iJ biF' divinity stiidiiiS, and tAUght 
tar some vvmn m schools at Stonehavon and 
Forres. The pr«hvtcrr of Kern's liceiiaeil 
liim to pTPJuJj in JuV 1^13. In 1837 he was 
spiMinleduveoinj; lecturer inTrinitv Chapel. 
Aberdeen, and in September li^4U was i»r- 
'lained to 'Mariners quoad futera church 
iht-m. At the diflroptinn (I&43) lie went 
orrr with m-utt of bu congro}?ation to the 
trrf rburch, andcoatinaed in the same char;^- 
till 1881. l\v wa* for some years leciurer on 
icrolofn' at Kind's College, AbordcOD, and on 
Ilia Toiirement tn 1^9 was nanted Tbe de- 

^f^tM of LL.D. Ho died at ^Vbcrdeen 7 May 
1883. llowa^ twice married, first in 1835, 
and afp'in in 1^^7. 
lyjii^uuir was a man of vetMiile attain- 
iaentJS and has l>>ft proob of hU ability aa 
^eoloctst, poet, antiquary, pbil(doa;i.<it, and 
preai^ier. His tirst puhlicntiun was 'The 
CVillege and other I'oems'laiiou., Abertit-en, 
lt<2&). The leadinff jKu^m deals with the 
defiwla of the academic Bysrem af the time, 
■nd probably contains his best verse. Three 
latrr volumes of verse were 'Bible Lays,' a 
collMtion of original potms (1st. edit. Aber- 

deen, 183S; ^nd edit. Edinburgli, 1877); 
•Ocean Lays.' a cotnpihilioti, with tweuty- 
fivi* ori^l^inal pocmii ^Kdinbiirgh, I8.'>4); and 
' Lay^ for I hr.' Lambs, 'fort y-t wo iilecvs writ tea 
for the cliiMivn of bin churcli (Aberdeen, 
ll?*lO). lie produced two excellent pruide- 
hnnk-i, nun Io lliinnotlar (_!^tle (.Vberdeen, 
iK'I-j), whicb lias punkkI through iitiiR edi- 
tion* ; the other to Siieyside (Aberdeen, 
IrtilO). which is out of print, and is now rare. 
HU ■ .M.iiiii<ri Sijine of lionnni'hie' ( At»erdeen, 
1M>9), uriinuully ffivon as a K-otiire, cnntalns 
a licho^aph of this curious momjlilli. and a 
tradition conn'.'ctod with it, wbich lie put 
into Tcrs". In • .\ Uiin iliroiiifli ihir Land 
of Bunt)i and Ihe ('ovunant^^rs ' (Aljordeen^ 
187:?) be confuted Sheriti' Napier's attempt 
to di«prove that two fprnale covenanters 
were drtiwned at Wiffion, and oelebrat^^vl the 
'two Mai^rets' in some vigorous stanzas. 
Hiseditionof Host's 'lleleuore' (Edinburgh, 
l.-«W),with a life of the author, Li the atandanl 

Longmuir was also a competent lexico- 
frrapber. lie edited a comtiined TenOoa 
of Walker's and Webster'a * IticTionarii^' 
(London, l**!!!), and Walker's ' Khyniing 
Dictit>iiary ' (Loudon. liS65), with a lonjf 
inrrKidncricm on Knclisb versification, A 
revision of Jainicsnn'-i 'Scottish Htctionnry ' 
lou]^ occiipit-iJ him. His ubrld^feil edititni 
WBfi tssueu at .Vberdeeit in lhQ7, and an elar"! 
borate complete edition in 4 voU. quarto 
(Faialey, 1879 «»y The Imi is probably hi* i 
must iiu))ortant work, (-hi the title-[m)fu he 
apjioant as joint-odilor with David l>nnal(l- 
eon (cf I'ref'ice to vol. i.) He has made the 
' DiBtionury ' a mini- of nliilological wealth. 
As a preacher L<jnf>muir8 style was bomolyi 
and couver>fttioQa]. Several of his sprmoaii 
werv published separately, irenerally withu . 
nrijiiniil hymn attached, lli? had a {)owerfuI 
voice, uud t^ometlmue showed real orutorical 
ftbility. Fluent and ready-witted he wa< 
very jxipulnr a« a platform speaker, and wi 
especially s»>'CCH.-«tiil a» a lemiwruncx.' adro- 
I cate. In appuarancu be was tail and burly. 
I [Walker'ti ISardn of Hon-Acootd, which is, 
bowcrrer, ina«urat« in wme parlioulani; Kd> 
wanla's Modem Sratiiah PoeLi*. ZuiJ srr. ; obi- 
tuary notices in Abetdeen nenspapars; Irviog's 
Kmiavnl^oixmuii; privnte informalion from his 
sOft, A. I) r»n^ina!r, ft*)., Sb«tburD«; pnnonal 
kaowtedce.] J. C. H. 


, lord Ireasiin^r of Kn^lnnd, was a kiiijjbt of 
the order uf .St, .lobn of .Jerusalem. Ilewu 
a favourite of Henry VI, who transaotedi 
business with him connected with hia order 
in 14ri3. He then held rln* p^Hition of ow- 

j tellnu of KLudVji. Iu 1 VA ho went to Kotne, 




hnnring mt'ssugos from Ilfiirv In tin; cnr- 
diimla. On !> Mutch 1-ltift Iiii boonUK- Kof^Iinii 

rrinr of the order of St. Joliu, lliough u 
.aticiD^trimi, nnil took an oath nf fivlty to 
FdwHrd IV on ItS Nov. Hejoinuil.howin'cr, 
ill Wurw-ick'B rvliellioii ^.f ! 470, mid on tWOct, 
8Worp fpjilty t<i IK'Tiri.- VI, iimi wnn npiminted 
lordln.'iifiiin.'r. On Hi Felt. 1-170-1 hunasseiit 
into KmnLV to brinir Imck <iuwii .Miirpmtt 
and Prince Edward, iinti hindcd with tli»m 
At Wfvmoiith on 14 .\]iril. Al. tluj luitllo 
of Tewkesbury ho, with Iiord Wenlock, had 
charvL- til' thii youii^ prince, And afttr tbe 
battle took sanctuary in tlit! nbk'y church 
witli tln> ])iilii> of SomtTset iind oIUlts. Ed- 
ward [injiuiwtl tln-in cm -I Maya freemrdnn, 
bur two days aflcrwurdB thi-y were all tried 
aud Wbeitded. 

[Dngdoie'it Moimaticorj, vi. JOK ; Pii»ton Let- 
ters, cd. Gairdnw. iii. 8; Kvmi^i Firalom, 
Tol. li. iwMira; Polydore Vergiil s Hint, of EnjjI., 
cd. KIU» (Camd. Soc). p. 148 ; Warkwrurth's 
Cliruo. (Caipil, Soc): Chroo. of KebflUun in 
Lincolnshirr^ (l.'«mi1. MIm.}, i. S. 23; Otnaa'a 
Warwick (Kn»l. Mun nf Action); tiairdncr's 
Kichanl III. i»p. 10, 17.] V,'. A. J. A. 

LONGSWORB. [Si-e LosoEsrfiB.] 


1721), frii'nd nf iht- poet Sumiiet Butler 
fo. v.], WHS ttiK <iiily fl-^n of Sir Tlinmaa 
lionKiiBviUe, knight, of Hmdwt?!! Abbey, 
Biicklngha.injthirr, by his wifi- Annp, iwconcl 
daughter and eHjh«ir<'s*< of Sir William Ash- 
cambcof AlTetcott,0.vf«rclnliire. Tliei fatJipr, 
a rer-klfBB cavalier, Rjn'Mt bis* suhatRm'.p, and iit 
lostfull on hi* »on (ittPUpiwrt. William waa 
enttftMl aa a ^Iiidcrit «'f the Inner Temple in 
November llSfi-l.wUL-n, tbroutrli iIil* side nf tht- 
TMtemal eelati*, he wtw d^-.tcribi'd aw of AIvm- 
cott; and on 2fl Julv Hl.'fr> he matriculated 
at Chriat Cburt-'li, Oxford. At ihp unirernity 
li8dtdnutkfei»hi3lorTOS,andon2f^Sept. HHI3 
Jiowfifl firaated M,A, in s[ipriiiUHitiprt'^'ali'jn. 
lu lOGOhewas railed lo llitr bar atthelnuer 
TempiL*, bpraminn in turn bcncbnr of hi« inn 
(U17v), Biituron n-ad^r (\iiS2). Lent read^jr 
(IOW>l,aiidTreaHur.'r(IU!),'i). With the aid of 
a 'pood-nnturi'd aix-i^liirk' who look him up 
bo filb'd tbi' pwl of a ^ix-cl.?rli in rlmm-rry 
from iffliO to ICi"!*. IW ihiH miniiis he laid 
thii foiindfttion of n fhif t-MaW and revivL*d 
the fortiiiii'f nf his family, which were still 
furthi-r nupm*'n1":^ by the tfrnat wealth lie 
gaint'd throii«li Iii« pri»-pminii-nw in cnnvHV- 
Bjicing. He died on 1*1 Man~li 1720-1. aged 83, 
and was huriptl on :iO Miinh in tli*- ai*lo 
at the nnrlb-i-ast end of Kdward the Con- 
fcwuinr'a Cliap'-'l. WeatmiiisliT Ahlipv. liia 
■wifewaK Kli7.iib.'lh, third iUu,iili(tr'find co 
heirew of SirTliomas Peyton, second iKiroiiPt 

of Knowlion.Kent. She died I'l .Tan. 17|.7-lt , 
a^d U9, and w(i« buned in the north aisli! , 
within the tAmba of Wnxtmin^rcr Abbey. 
The burial of their fton Cluirle« antl ibo 
macriaife of thi-ir daupbter EHiaUitb ara ^ 
entered In Che»lor*s ' Re^ifitiiTs of Wi'!*imin-B 
lAvr Abb.i_T,' pp. tt), 379. Tlio names of t beirV 
other childri>n are given iti Lipscomb's 
' Hnckin^hamAliinV iv. 4Ifi, 

Loninievilli' was a friond of th«" N'trlhi, 
and rankod utnon^ Lonl-keeuer Guilford'a 
'mtich e»tt'<^niM fri^ndii anu oompHiiiona. 
His difil^^urae was lliient, witir, lit^-ralti,] 
copious, and inj'lnictjve;' he ha'd th.- bort 
Latin sentences ni his tougue'svnd, but ^imo- ; 
critics thought that he talliwl too much. 
Such is tb« c-bnniottT ffivon him bv Ilo^r' 
North, who seems Irjhave obtained ki%H«Hiisl-{ 
anppnn points of legal difficulty, l^ii^uf- 
villci lived on fhi' easrt side nf I tow .St reel » 
Covent (Tsrden, timl in bis house the npre*- 
sities of Samuel Butler were often n-liereil. 
He wa.-* anxious that the poetV remains 
shotiid by kill in Wi'jitminitter Abber. but 
(la h« could not fiiiil snfhcient friends to bear i 
a share of tht* fxpeuKe, they were buried ' 
• with tbo KTeiif.<t nrivney, but at the smm» 
timo vory dt^'nllv. at hia own cost, in thO' 
churchyard nf St. t'liiil.CovLinl Garden. The 
literary remains of Butlor, whivh jautM'd into 
hii hands, are in the Uritisli Miist'um Addit. 
MS. 32tiL*Ji, and s.decfiona from them werw I 
puhlinhed, with nultw by U, Thyer, in two 
Tohiraea in I "■'ill. Nutiiemua letters fmm 
LontnicvilU (ire in the 'Hatton Pnpera' 
(Addit. ]\tS.S. I'li.'ifir* «6), and many of 
them, riLiicint:; fruin U17'J to 1688, are printrj 
in the • Ilatton Corre^pondeniw' (Camden 
Soe. 1878). They show him to ha%"e been 
on the tory "iide in politics. 

[Clifttt<T'iirUf!.orW«itm.AWM>y. pp. 285,803; 
Foster'^ A]uiiiiiiOxnu.;Slii<li-Eit« of iDnerTenplo. 
p. ass ; MasltTH of B<>nch of Inner Tdinplf. p. 48 ; 
\Vhc'ulli'y and CuuuinKbnm'n Loodon, i. 229- 
LiTnsriftlic\(ir!]is,ed.f826,ii. ISft.90: North* 
A«tobin.Ef. e.1. SKK7, pp. 237-8.] W, P. C. 

n^-t2r''~liS8l ),HUthoresa, and plaintiff in th« 
Yelverton CBi-e. bom at Cliw'twod, near 
Manrhester, iilioiit IK^t'J, wn« youngert child 
nf Thniuaa Lninrworlh, silk man u fart tirer, 
wliout" bn^infM place, and at one linn* rp*i- 
dcncoalto.wiifiin a large house at I h'< comer 
of Quay Stnwt and Ijongworih .Street, Mail- 
eheater. Tier mtith-r died when she was very 
young, and i«lie wa« I'duoaled at an rrxidinu 
onnvent school in Fmnue. On lierrelHm to 
her falher'fl bontw at Smedleydi'^ugTCraienlft 
with liim on n-liiiioiM nubji'L'ts anise, and hIw 
spent iTiHch of tier lime with a marrii-d «i»ler 
inKrancr, oron visits to friends. Iuttii>sum- 





aerof ISoi.wUil* cruising ibeCbtnn*! with 
•ome Iritmd^.she was intr<>iluce<l to Willinm 
Clittri»?«V>lTerton,nfli?rwar<is fourth viscount 
ATciouHiru [q. v.], unA a coiTeeiMndence be- 
tween (hem Mg>n. In X^tri «he «9rvi>4] tif n, 
nurs<>with the Iri'iitliflistprB of cliBrily during 
tfai^ Crimean war. amln^in mm YelYcrtmi iit 
the QaUta IlMpittil, wWn t>b« acovpt^ bts 
vmposal of marriage. The «nji^«ment. woa 
oit^caslefnl to Vt^lvt'rton'fl rulatlims, nnd wna 
for a lime ^u-ipeiiileiL Ttiit tin* fripmUhin 
wa* ult imntfly rei>ew«l, and on l"i April ]W>j 
Yeivcrton rrad aloud thi- chitrctiof Kiiglniid 
mamajr-'BurvicPBt MiBsIjonjfWitrth'slodfjiript 
ill I'UJinltiir^h. Thi'vwcn^aftorwards tDiirrn-d 
bv a prie«t at Xixv kumaii catli'tlic cIiHpel at 
lioito'vorin Ireland, iind tlit-n liv(-fl rojf<*lher 
both in that coiintri- and 111 rft-otlatij. Oo 
3tt June li4.'>H, wbile nhe wan in Edinburgh, 
YelTerton fnrmally married the widow of 
Profwwor Edward Vrirbp* [q. \.] On HI VH. 
la^'JUifs l^npft'urth, clnimiaf^ tobi' Vulvvr- 
tofi'a wife, Butd him forrtwtitutionof canju;r»l 
righia in the London probnie court, but her 
pelitiiin was dinmi^MN!. In |H(I| an arrinn 
was brought in Dublin by Mr. TholwiiU, 111 
wlloee boiue »he had b<^n living, to recover 
from Yelverton money -iuppiied to her. This 
attion lajitfd from 21 Vi-h. to i March Irtfll, 
and the validity of Inicli ^cotlii>h and Iri«h 
nunriitfrewade^TabiiEthedinth'elnshciourt. In 
July Wti on iipp^'ftl t hi' Scottish court of «•»- 
iiion annulled rfiu murriu^o.uml lh<.-jud;;niriit 
Traaalfirtii{><l by a majorit.y of the Ilou^ie of 
Lord»!^ July ISt^.altliough Lord Brougham 
<l«dar«icl in tlio lady'" favour. Tiorattempr to 
ronwn tbit aun: at Edinburfirh in March IHft-'i 
tailed, and the llouae of Lords on SO July 
1807 sapport«d the Scottish court. Finally 
her appeal to the ouTt of wswion, 29 Oct. 
1668, to «;t aaidv ihu judj^t'nt of tlici IIou8e 
of Lords was n*ject«l. Much Bj-ropailiy was 
•bown to her In thin Ion|7 and unsiieep>fful 
strugglci anil a <iiibArn]ition in her behalf 
WM nisnl in MMncIiraltT. Sht- sjtent Iter 
later years in travel, and died Qt Piewr- 
uaritibuTg, Natal, in the antuian of 1^1. 

Her slender forTiinc wur B[»*nt in Ike liti- 
gB.|iun. and bIu.- lar^'i-ly supjturli'd hi-rwlf liy 
writing. The following arc her chief works : 
1. ' Martrn to CiTcnmatanee,' 2 vo\». Ixnx- 
dati, IWtl, fivn. y. 'The Yetvprion Corre- 
apuodence, with Inlradu(.-tion and CoBueet- 
iag Narrative,' &&, Kdinbnrgb, 1863, &ro. 
8. * Zanitn : Tale of the Yo-nemite,' Xi-w 
York, I.H7"i, 8to. 4, ' Ton*sina Peri|rrina, 
or E^rty lliouNind Mile-« of Tratnl r^und 
theWorld.'ic, London, 1^7-*, 8vo. fi. *T#n*- 
niu in Am»>nca,' '2 vols, London, 187J3, Svo, 
{R^porta of the Velvertoo Marrili8« Can; 
Annnal Hcgiater; Brtt. Mint. Cat ] A. N. 

LOKSDALE, first Vtwovn. *S«»- 
IjOWtiikk, Jons, 16.).5-!700.] 

LONSDALE. Earls OF. [Se« Lowtiif,r, 
Ja«d., I7.iil-I«ll-J, first Eaki.; I.«WTiiini. 
AViu.lAM, 17ii7-lrM4, sueond Eabi., nntir(>r{ 
uud<?r thw Jinit earl; Lowthkk, Wim-iim, 
1787-1872, third Earl.] 


lft76), biographer, born at Carlisle in I'llfi,. 
WA8 son of llenry Lonsdale, a tradi-Fimiii 
there. AlVur attending a local school he vvna-1 
uppn>ntic(-d in Xt^SI tu Measrs. Auder-'irn .\: 
Iioilgeon, at tbal time tbe leadinff nu'dirnl 
practitioners in Carlisle. In 1834 hi> went 
to study m<<(lifine at VVlinbnrgh, and nfti'm 
very «uDcw<sful course wiw in his third vear 
appnintedaMitfltanttoUr.IlnbertKnox(171>l - 
l^'2) 'q. V.J. the anatomist, whose bingraplicr 
hft aftiTAvards becnnip, and also to I>r. .lolin 
licid, ttie physinlciHivt. lie otudied during 
the tuimmer of 18db in Paris, and in pa.'ointr 
thnuigh London became membt-r of ibiv 
Hitynl I'oUege nf Surgi^'ona and liotntialf or 
the S<iclt>ty of .\potheparies. On liis mlum 
to Edinburgh be graduated M.D., writing a 
good the.Ms, ' .\n experimental Inquin- into- 
tbf niitiirt' of Jlydrocyanic Arid,'M-hipli wa» 
^>rinted in the' I'ldiiibiir^h Medical and Sur- 
gical Journal' for 1839. In Thft autumn of 
1^38 Ijonadnle, who wa* viiiroring from over- 
work, took temporary- charge of a rniintrv 
prac'liwf fit ICsiighl'in IJeail, Ciiinlifrlnnil, 
where he heJped to found tlio ImeI'-mlmhI 
Agricultural S«cipty, a monthlv chib, the- 
fir«t of itK kind in the county. llu al»ii i^v 
a coursB of popular lectures on scienpe, nnd 
acquired the iriendship of Suflanna ItliimirK^ 

it|.v.'|, whose pneiiiB he «Mbwqiit_'nflycolI.'rtiLMl. 
n 1840 Lonftdak' returned to Edrnbur^rli nnti 
' becaoie a partner with his former prim-ipat, 
T'r. Kn-'is, giving a doily deninnsi rat i<>ii ii» 
anatitmy in therlaae-room and nmnfigin^ lUe 
directing nmui!^. 

In 1841 Loiiwlalo wna admitted fellow of 
thtj llnyal College of P!iyi*iciane of Eiliiiljurgh. 
At otu- nf thi-ir monthly stfttiee* be rend %■• 
jiaptT ' Oii thi- TiTininiil Loom of tbe Nerve 
m the Brain and Spina! Cord of >Ian.' Tlienit' 
loops, which he had discovered wheFi e.\aiuin- 
ingnn infnnl ninnslpfwity, be exliihited under 
a (lowerfiil uiicniscw|>4.'. The liislorA* of llm 
raw was recorded in the ' Edinburgh Mi'dt- 
cal and Surgical Jounial" for 1643. antl at- 
tnirr^-d attentinn. He wn* soon afienvunla. 
appointed u M.<mi>r pn-nident of the K'lyiil 
Medical Society, to which be madea no'ithle 
contrihuti'in on ' Itipblherin.' chiefly bnjrd 
upon ohfWT\'at torn? of tliedim-nse at Kau^hion 
Ilend. Loiudale was al«^) for two tv^it 





thoteniorpniBidoDtnftht! IIuni«httn Medienl 

Sncinly, and was at llui i-aiau limosL'niorpr*- 
iiiilvnt of the Anfttomica) ami I'hrsioLogiCHl 
Society, which Imd been pcjiuw-itatecl liy 
Dr. Kuo\ ftiii! liiriiKt'lf, In 1811 lie v&n up- 
pointed |)bv«icijin lo tia' Itoynl PiibU'C nii>- 
i)en84»ry,wfirTe for the first time in Kdinburph 
he inTPoduccdtJioiiseorcod-Iivproil. Purinff 
thBrpidemioof rrliipsiinp Ti-vwr in Edinliurgli 
dn Ittt^gLv Lnd I'linrffcuf tlitiluyiMt outdixir 
dislriot. and ^vhvn bia three ossulaDts brolkt: 
■down did iha wnrk ningli^handi'd. 

lulh«ei"*iion(if |KI4 6Ij«ni'dali''fl inoi*i'n»- 
ing liabilily to bronchitis inducL^d Iiiiu to n> 
liuquish his brilliunt nrospocts in Edinburgh 
.(jnrt to rntiirn in (.'arlislo, whorii Im settled 
in tlio iiutiiTTin ol' IHl,"*, I« ISUi ho W!i» 
appuintud pbvskiun lo (hu CunilA-rlanJ In- 
firmnn% nn office whiph bi? hyld for twenty- 
two yeurs. To th<' dyfioinncv ■of v*?gi't-alilB 
f(jod wjiii^'iHRintoii lbi'(Mj|jili))dij;lit of |K4((, 
Irf)u*dftli--, aflur very thorouijU inrcrtiffntioii, 
attributed an epideiuirof scurry, then prcvnil- 
in^ina difilrint iinrthnf Qorlislf!; Dr. l{>»bt?rt 
ChristUou bud itiwiK'niHl ihu eoinpluiat ton 
defective supply of milk. Eai-h doctor ^tatC'd 
hlHCSBe in llw 'Ediiilmrpli Mt-dical Jodrtml,' 
but Chriatison finnHy nccepted LonsdiUo's 

^Vliea ill the winf.L'r of )K47-fi chol.ra 
«eoino(l to be ibri.'iik-uing' wcftteni Kuro^ie, 
JLnT)»dA.I(' set on font n winitnry n.4.<)0(!int ion 
in CutUaIu, and cuntributed miiiiy urticli'M lu 
the 'Jmirual of Public Health,' a London 
periodical supported by The early annitary «■- 
lortnt-i>. Iliornportuii the health nftlnrlinle 
V/&R iiuuted with coniiiiendaUun ia t)ii- IIou!«)> 
of Ooiumons by Lord Morpeth. A cart'ful 
t'»*ay which h<>wrinoon rhu health uf bakers 
ftlso altrnctml nnljcf, unci was rpprint«d in 
* Cbamhcra'a .Toiinml,' 

After his marriajre in 1 861 Lonsdale chiefly 
flOciipiiMl hjtnsflf in rending, travellinir in 
poiitlK'rt) ftndefl.*torii l'hiri.tpi>,intt>r(WitinjT!iim- 
ftuU in Italian iirt nnd urchtvuli^ffy, aiiil I'ol- 
K'«ctinfr matcriuU for the lives of i-Boincnt 
Oumburluml men. He died on 2.t July 187(1, 
mid w»H hiirind on (lie '2't[i in Stiinwix 
churctiyard. He niiii'ri<-:d Eliia Indiana, ontv 
dnttjfliter of John Hinitli Ilond of Konc Jlill, 
nwirC'urliclL', whiL'b »itbsoc|Ui,'ntly bofantf? his 
ownreisidenL'e. I1l> left three hoiid and three 

Loii8()nle, a man of ffi^nial and Icinillj tom- 
IH.'raiiK'iLt, was in ])<ililics a philu^iophiral 
riidica], luid tookt>iKHinlinterefltin tbecaiinR 
of Itnliun unity, lie bcljwd to collect »nb- 
dCripi ions for (lariluildi'spspwditinn to Sicily 
in I8II0, and want the friend of ^laxxiui and 
KoBtiUtb, as well 'i« of UariboMi. 

LoDjdalc'awriUiigsitrv: l.'Abiogrupblcal 

i^iRtch of William Blamire, fonnerly ILP. 
for Cuniberland,' ■Ito, Ijnndnn, ISO'^J, aft«r- 
wards reiMUed iu vol. i. of the ' WortliJiM 
of CnmberUnd.' 2. 'The IJfe and Work* 
nf Mu^ifravL- LewtbwaitP Wntson, Kalplor. 
with llUD^tratioofi.,' 410, l>indon. Ini)(l, an 
oxcellent bioffraphy. a. ' Tbo Worthies of 
Cmnbcrland,' « \-oU. Svo, Loudoa, 16G7-7o, ■ 
a st-rifiH of plcasftnlly wriilnn biographiM, ■ 

4. ' A Bio^apbicnt Nl«nioir ' prt^lisi?<] lo cIm fl 
' Anatomical Mt^moirH ' of liie old friend Pr»~ fl 
ffsflor John (ioodiir, &ro. Edinburgh, 1868u ■ 

5. ' A Sketch of the Life and AVritinga of 
Jlobtirt Knox, th« Anauimifl,' 8vo, l»iidon, 
1870, undert4Lli»a at llie rtvjucSt of aome old 
Kdinburph fri.ind«. Lonsdale also colK>cled 
tlu! ' Poelical Works' of Miss Snuuinn Tlta- 
niiru, wliicli were pnblisbr-d at Edinhurph 
under the editorship of Pntrick MaxweU 
in iH-ia, and edited the 'Life of Dr. JoliD 
lley»hain uf Carlisle,' 4to, London, 1(^0. 

[rarli^tttJoiimnl, 28 Jnlv I8TA. p. A ; Cariitl* 
Kx|>nM4, 2(1 July IS76, pi i; BnliBb SJvdusJ M 
Juunutl, 5 Aug. 187 S, p. 11^5: Wiirl'« MraofOi* V 
Rri(nt, R.v. ; Loudon nnd FrovinciiU Medical 
Cireclwry. 1868. p. 415.] O. G. 


trait-jiainter.wiwljorii at LanC4i8Cerou I'iMav 
1777. Aft*r *onio praclic* in art, in wluct 
ho WHS encijun4:i,-d by the patronogeof Archi- 
1>ald, ninib DiiW of TIanidton,he srrivod in 
L'inilun early in lifn, became a pupil in the 
houH< of CltH>rpe Itomney, and a student at 
the Koyal Acadtnny. lie lir!>tpxbibit«d at thv 
limal Araili-niy in l.**!)-', si'ndinif a portrut 
of ' Miss Itruuke,' and -was 1 hunivforward a 
retriilar contributor of portraita to that vxhi- 
bilinn. In lftI8 be pxhibit^'d a portrait of 
Talmn iu^tiir ft«i ' [[ainli>i..' On the deiath 
of John Oiiie in 1 1<07 Lonsdale purchnaed hia 
bailee in liemers .Street, where ne Kindedfor 
theremuindorof bialife. Ho tonka large sham 
in the foiimlalion nf tIi-' Soeipty of British 
Artiste, and wuea£ri.'>i]ut-nt e.\hibiLorat their 
ffdllcry, llo vrai also portrait-painter in or- 
diniirv lo the Duke of Sukjipx and tn (jueen 
Ciirnline, painting several portrait!) of each, 
and waa ouo of the painters to the Il^'fatcok 
Society, LoQsdalo conceived his painting 
in a strong and vigorous manner, hut hix 
execution wan Rnioolh and rather tarae. Hu 
had u verv e\teneive practice, and KUno of 
bi^pnirtrait^werf ingTarcd. ncpaiatedfoc 
thi! I>h1i« of Norfolk at Arundel Cnstle a 
!arj,;« bintoricjil oiibject of ' Kioj^ John aiKn- 
ing Ma^^na Cliarla,' and, besides some ■por- 
truita of tlic duko, nreong other notabilities, 
painted I ho emiioror of Kuesia, the klnv of 
the liol^rians, and the Archduke Maximilian 
of AuatriiL. In the National Portrait Gal- 





lerr there are partraits bv Lonsdale of Ix>rd 
Kniu^ham, Sir I'hilrp ]''ninci«, J, Nollekens, 
R.A., W.Sliarp tUpBUKTsver, Abrubum Row, 
SirWUltun IJolkad, James Heath tbe en- 
Rsver, Captain CfaArle« Morris, and Queen 
f^mliiip, h.t wi'H as a butt of Ijon;«liile bim- 
.ftrlf by E. n. Kaiiy, ll\. [q. v.] I^iwdiik 
died ID Uemerv Street on 1/ Jan. 1&39. TIf 
married Miaa Thornton of Lanf^stor, nnil left 
Uire* eons, of wbom the t-idi^. became an 
Wttst i tlia 8*coD(l, Jolin JamHi Loiii>daI«, 
I>«caiQe recorder of Folkefitone and died in 
18d7 ; and tbe third adopted the tiurgical 

[Tha Art Doiun, 1 839, p. 33 : Rodgmva'a DIcU 
r Aztiflta : Scfaaff ■ CaC. of National Portrait 
KMlcrjr ; infonutioD from Gaorgia Scbarf, f*q., 
CR. F.8.A.] L. C. 

LONSDALE, JOHN (1 788-1887), biabop 
H>f Uchfield, bom on 17 Jan. 1788 at New- 
millerdam, near Walceliel'I.waji the fbtiwt son 
of Ji>hn Lun^lnlo (1737-18f)0), i-icar uf l>Ar- 
field and perpetual curate of Chap^ltborpe. 
HU mother's onme wtA Etiealx'th St««r, &nd 
hie ancestry was Yorkehirt) on hnrb tdden. 
He was educat4:tl at Etuu under Dr. Ooodall, 
trho proootmc«d him the bu8t Latin scholar 
h« hid ever had. He removed in IKOt! to 
Cambridge, and became fellow of Kinnr's in 
1808. W^ienhcgaint^^lthruiiivurHityoohobir- 
ship, be TTEs Mid to wriie tlw bHt Laiin 
aiacetbea^of Auffuatu0. iiv bad intended 
tabeRbamincr,anacommeii(K^reAdinf law, 
htiag admittod to Liuroln's Imi in 181 1 , but, 
lika lUB illustrious contemporary Thirlwall, 
be spwdiljr forsooli tbe bar for the cburcb, 
ftnd was ordaiBfd in tJrtoher iHin. Iniba 
ntut month humarried,andwaSHli<trtlyiifUir- 
imrds B]>{>oiQted chaplain to Archbi»ihop 
M«noer»-&iillan and a&sistiuit preachcral the 
Temple. In lr^'J2 the arrhbishitp ^nve bun 
tliB rectory of Murslutm in K<.'iit, which ha 
qiutt«d in 1627 for a prebendul stuU ivt Lin- 
coln; thence he pa»M>d in MA'2S to the pnv 
OB&corBhipat Lichfield, afterwanUexcbanged 
focaprebendat St. Paul'^. In tb« same year 
be bacaoM rector of r?t , Geor(re*9,Blo"™*bnry, 
wlucelie remained until iH.'il. In 1836 he 
wa* eboaen pcBaoher of I^Jncoln's Inn, and 
obtained tbe netory of SouihAvrt, near 
k <vmvwwnd: in 1639 he was elected phncipnl 
'•of Kin^a Col]i^, Lnndon, a post wluch 
npOD it« creation had bi^n prerioiulir ofiered 
to and declined by bio. Thi' coU^ pro«- 
por<*d (greatly under his adminintnition. and 
th« ha4|iit.ul \ns chielly foumled bv him. 
In I.'»)l) ht^ waa electwl pr*ivoat of Eton, 
but d-.<cUn^-<] the appointment in f&roar 
of Fmnci* Hodgson [q. r,), who had he<'n 
nominat^^'d by the c-rown, but refasetl by the 
".irltawa on ttte ground of inautlicient nca- 

demical qualification. In \**i'2 be was nuda 
Archdt.'iieott of Middlesex, and in (_tctoher IB43 
was raised to the see of Li<rhtit!ld, being con- 
secrated ^ Dec. lie won unwilling lo accept 
the offer, but on consulting the Archbishop 
of C^iittTbupy find the Ihxhop of London 
found it had been made on the recommenda- 
tion of them buth. 

Tbftre waji but one opinion of Lonsdala'a 
epLscnpate during iiis tiiut— that ho wa« the 
lit'sl bidliiijj ibi? dioctve had ever had, and, if 
equalled by any auccesAor, was not Ukely 
to he surjin.'J.V'd. He wa.* a p^rfi^t inodpl of 
jiL'4tic<>,l^tiu)iii<«s, bumiliiy, andahruwd mrnM, 
audhi« unduvintingntti-aUontodiooeoandiity 
be almost carried too far. Uis abaorpliou in 
Btrictly episcopal laboum, rombinod with his 
extrf^iue aversion to display, prevuntod his 
taking that leading part as a raht of the 
church at large for which he vrha qtialifi^ 
hy his nbilit it's, and PTfn more by hia pntdenco 
and moduratinn. In intidlectimi puwcr be was 
iofiTLor lo no prvUte uf bi» time except Thirl- 
wall, oT<'r wlioin bn hud the adTantage of a 
wider knowleili^ of the world. Ilieoo^oain- 
tance with efolfsiast ical law was acctt^aU^aDd 
extensive ; and, belouj^iof; to no party, ht* de- 
served and obtained the conHdence of :ili. It 
is perhn|)s the hiuihtst paaaibLt! eulogiiim that 
bia episoo piite,aUuoush contemporam -ous with 
exciting ecclcsia^ticu criseit, should have been 
almo»i entireir uneventful except as regaidfe 
chun'b t>it4*n8ton, which wa-innwecutea on ft 
scull- prurioui'ly uuexuapkid. The moat critical 
epiaoje of his incumbency- wasthe controversy 
at tondinst)i>eesTiLblishinent of Lichfield Theo- 
Iflgiral (J(illept\ wa.^ fortunately com- 
p4j»«d by him. Alt Uuu);h hi» srmpathius wera 
rathirr with the old high churca school, bft 
UBunUy took thu more liberal side of any 
jiending (juefition; be eiteivelicallv prott>stud 
Bgaiiiiit tht! removal of F. D.Maurice from bis 
pri-ifesAorship, and severely condemned (be 
existing law on marriage with a deonased 
wife's sister, thou^ be bad not the coumgo 
to vote for its repeal. He di«l suddenly, on 
]i> Oct- 1H<t7, of therupiuro of a blood- ve&sel 
un tbe brain, occooioned by the fatigue of 
excessive let ter-wrilingaAera trying diocesan 
meeting. The uiuversal Mtrowof tnediocese 
found evpn's^ioii in various memorials, in- 
cluding a monument in the ratbe<lmL His 
lostsermon.preacbedlbL'dny b(ffon> bis death, 
with a few others of earlier date, and a selec- 
tion from hi.'i l>atin verse*, are appended to 
the biography of him by his son-in-law, l^rd 
Orlmtborpe. Iteyond a few occa»ionni pnb- 
licni ions, Lonadale onlv prepared fur tbe urttm 
• The Konr f Joapels, witfl .\nnotnt ions' (1819 J, 
in eonjuncliun with Arehdeacnn Hale, 

Lonsdale married In l^loSopliia,ilaugbter 




of John liollaiitl, M.l'., nli'* diud in 1^452, niiJ 
hnd Ubuc : (U Jonitf* llvlbv 'see below]; 
^) JohnClyll>y,cnnonof LK-hfifld; (3) Fanny 
Cutheriii**, tnarriwl Kilnmnd, first LonUirim- 
tliMTiie; (4) Sojiluft.marrivdibv Huv. William 
Brvaus; (6) Lucy ilaria. 

LnssDALE, Jamcs Gtlbt (1816-1802), the 
bishn.p'seldt'st Eoiirhnm at Claphnm on I J ( W,. 
18HJ,wa« ediii?atftd Rt LiilehitniSi-liool UTidrr 
the Kev. .1. Btickland, brotluT-in-biw of Ur. 
Arnold of liiipliv, mid at Eton, wliwv, in 
March IhSI, h« wnu the Ni'Wcaj*Tli! pirliolar^ 
sbip, Lord Lyltt-ltoa, who wa» afterwardii 
wnior elsMic nf UainbritlEt-, b^ping in^nlUw.. 
On L'll Xdv, IKS:? bu was i-lt-ctod to the spcond 
Often pnliokrsliin nt Balliol C'idleG;^, Oxford, 
wft» fellow of hiij collffie Irom 1838 to 1864, 
bc'cotninjf tutor in i^tl), and takinff holy 
orders in 1842. Ilf inhpritt'd bis fKllifr's 
aptitudn for clas^ioal compcisit ion. and An a 
College tutor was highly t-sffmi^l alike by 
collwigiii's and pupils. I'toth iM(i.'> to 1870 
bd held tbe jirofuK^i mliip of cliuvical litrnt- 
ture at King'd Coliecet London. lie wan 
rector of South Liiflwhnm, Uutland, from 
TK70 t^ I*^:^, and of Hiint-ipil!, Somerset. 
fr»m 1873 to 1878, both }ivin<,'s bi'inp in thu 
Rift of hi» colIcj;i>, With hi* friend Samuel 
IjC©, Lutin lecturer at Vnivursity Colleg©, 
I^ndnn, he mibUsbcd pmsR translationN of 
' Vinril' (mi) and ' Jlnmcts' in t87.t in the 
'Globe' seriefl. He died at Bath 30 April 
ISPI*. A tablet hn^ been erected to his me- 
mory in llnlliol CollogR cliapfl. 

[Life of Biitbop I/insdnle by ^Mm^Lnd Bcrkrtt 
DcniflfintLoni Uriinr-li'jrf>e),wiUi a ph>nLc:f;nipbed 
[jortmitlSfiS; inforrantioii r«!apM<ting J.O.FiOiii* 
dalo kindly ftipplinl by tho Kov. U. A. Iloldeo, 
I>,I>. ; prit^\lc! informarion.] R. G. 

LONSDALE. W1LLLA.M (1791-1870, 
ppn}oiiiat, yi"ninj,ff-'st son of Willmm LonwSnb- 
liy biswifc, .Marv.iliui^htor of William W«p- 
ptafleof UiKhuni Fufpltb. N'ortbumptuiiFliii-c, 
waa born nt Biith on 9 Sept. 1794, obtained 
a roniniiasiori on 4 F^b. IHli! in tbn 4th 
(KiiirV (_)wri) TL-Ki iiHMit., in wlilidi bis two 
brotbors WL-rv alrundy sarvinp, Bwrved in Ibe 
PcninBiilsr war, and obr«in«l a cliwp for the 
bnltio of SnlnniHn<Ta. He was also prwcmt 
at Waterloo and n'Cpivcd llio mt-dnl, but 
ahortly aflvr 18Lj hu rctirud on tbulmlf-pny 
of a lienti-nant. Si'ttlinp at BHtb»>a?ton, be 
dHTotfd bitQHE-lf to thp study nf jreolttpy i ^^ 
paiiby rolIwtiiij» flissilp, uumeroiiD t-xainplt's 
of which he pro«entod to the Bath Literary 
and Scii'ntinc ItiHtiintion, and showed *o 
murh talent for mrtbod and claiviflf^ation 
that be was in l>*'J<i appointed carafor 
■of the nnliinvl liiclory department of the 
lialli MriHeum. Uii l'» May li<'Xi he wan 
circled F.G.S., and was shortly afterwards 

miiiimoned to I^ndon as »iiiMH<»sor to Tboi 
W.' b«t.>r, I hi* fiM'dot'icJil Society's curator anA] 
Ubniriun. The Wnllastonfuncl wa-iBwardodj 
him in If^'I in order to aid liim in his inv<>.«-] 
tifiration of lli« oolite dixtricts of Otouirs— ( 
t^rihire, commi^nced in 1830. He rMipDHTj 
bisolKce, after thirteen years' (wtrice, in Ij^I5, 
when he wb« surreedi'd by Kdward Forhw 
[n. T.*| The itoclcly was indebtwl to Lons- 
dale during hi« tt-rra of office for an innora- , 
tion in the KhHp«< of the skilful ronHensatiom] 
of ita • Transactions.' After his retirement 
b« piir»iie«l Wi» p:?olo^icAl «ttidieA in variaia < 
parts of till* wt^st of England. In 1H4<1 hfl 
ivcetved both Wollnslon fund and m«lol tn 
pecofrnitinnof bis resfiarrbes into thn variou 
Itinds of comls. Leonard nomer'q.v.''«pcik< 
highly of thn value of his work, as did Sir] 
Henry de la Recbu '^q. v.] in presenting himj 
with the fund (for tlu> fourth lime) in tsi'J.j 
He died.uTimarried. at his Iwuse in the Cit] 
Itond, Kri!*tol, on 11 Nov. 1>*7I, and was' 
buriud in llio Anio'a VuIb cemwlwrj*. 

LonsdnleV papers are: 1. 'On the Onlitifr 
District of Buth' (Oeol. Soc. Trani*. Sod »r,j 
vol.iii. IHini). y. *Kejinrtof aSurveyontl 
Oolitic Fortnjilions of Glnutv'stiTjhiru'iProc.l 
vol. i. 1832). 3. 'On the Age of the Lim« 
stoaes of South PeTonsbire'cTron?. I'tid wT« 
vol. T, IRl(l). 4. ' Three I Wrs on I'nlyparii 
from America 'fJoitmal, vol. i. IMt*j). 5. M)i 
Foflcil Zoopbj-tea found in the Section front! 
Atherficlid to Rocken End, Isle of Wight ^ 
(ib. vol. V. 1848), Of tbe>e by far the mMl 
important is No. 3, whieb enlitU-5 lyinBdali 
to a place beside Mtin-bison and SeOgwiokl 
a» co-origfinator of the theory of the iiid* 
pGodenco of the devonian nystem, as bein[_ 
of an Ai^ inlcrmcdiatfi betwettu that of the 
rarboniferoue and that ofthe fiilurian sTfftem*. 
Tho ind Impendent origin ofthe old Ka Mind' 
Htonewrittlir*ti'uK^'f«tLnl by l.on«da]pin l^r^H 

[Mtmoir in IV. S. MitrhoU'd Notes on thi» Birl^^ 
Ooologiat* cnncctfd with neighbourhood of BuLh. 
ISTU. pp. 31-9; Quart. Jutim. (tcul. 801*, vol. 
nviii. ; Oeol. Soc. Proc. iv. 42, 43, 67,) T. S^. ^ 

LOOKUP, JOIIN (/, ]7J0),lheolnpanJ 
WAS a disciple of Jolm Huichin^n (167 -I-™ 
1737) [fj. v.], tbrt phihwopbcT. Hp wtoIi.': 
1. 'Tbe ErronroiiA'Translationfi in tbeVulfraf-^ 
Versions of the Rrriptures detected in se-^| 
TF-rtil inftancva laki'n from th? Original^^f 
With a prtvioHS Eswy upfwi tbe Doctrine 'if^l 
the Trinity,' H^-o, LuiiJun. 1730: 2nd edit.^l 
17 10. The ' F-PSBv ' was written in depn»ca- 
tion of a p«nipUIet by K, Johnson, entitle*! 
'A llftin Account of rheTrinitTfromScri] 
turL' and Ki'flf'on,' 1739. l'. > Berashith, nf 
the FirM Book of Mowa, callM Oonwie,! 
tranclnled from the Ciriginal.' 8vo, London,! 
1741), wliicb is inf«rrif>edTo John l'ottcr,arcl 





bialiop of OBnl«rburv. Ixioktin bad previ- 
ouriy dioekeJ tha mcnbigliop byniH'incorrF'ct 
MDUnroot* ' on tfa« doctrin« of tlie Trinitr. 
His ttwi&Utton i« IVcqumtly rdicitous, aiuI 
aliowfi him to liavp ixjeaessvd a crvdiUblH 
knowledgo of llfhrvw. 

[Lookap'a Works; AllibonA'aDietDrAatlKin.] 


oripuuftt and comp(it^>r, wafi liorn about IliOO 
in Deronsbire. He wa> acliorister, and ftft*r- 
vnnli lay rl«rk. in one of t he Cambridm Col- 
lege ctajK-Ifi fCiROTE), and gnduaU'd Mus. 
Bmc. ia It^K) (CoiM, AtAma-^. 1I« was at cme 
time orgautat of King's Collvgo. Frotn alMut 
leas to 1600 IxKWemoTC aeema to hare been 
rHridont orffBiiist and twcbor uf luusie at 
Kinliii^, Cawbridgeshir*!, wb«'iv llie urancl- 
childrvn of Dudley, tbird baron Xortli, then 
teaidM (cf. JsEnoPr, IntrodHCtitm to Autt>. 
hiograpkn i^f Rogtr Xorth, p. vi.) In 1060 
b^tiM;acD« organist of Exeter Catlie<lral. Ht* 
diL*d in 1G70 Buddcnlr, sccording to Wood, in 
a prioTy bouse abroad. 

Two of LooeBmara's Latin litjuiies (O 
miliar and I) raiiwr') are printed in tlra aeooud 
Tolnme of Jebb's ' Choral Itt'jijinn^oA.' Tha 
flOlD[uIer drawn attention to the fru-t. that i^r- 
vieaMirMv ouciwionBllT wrfonned tn Latin 
at Pvterbouse, Cambridge, btforo the rc- 
Wllion, nnd aurmiaMthst lh«aeUtaJU«airero 
written few KiriB^'8. LwiBeiBore'a EngHsU 
litaay, in 1> minnr, is essentiatly the name as 
ibe Latiii in the Mtnte key. It was f«or«d by 
Jebb from th«! mAniiMript orpan copy in Ely 
dtbedra], and primed in vol. i. of 'Cbonl 
BMpOiUM,' wituout the *df!>k' part, which 
]Ma only lately Ix-^n diM»vered at Ely. 

In tnaniiscrtTit are: I. Antbi^m, tt 4, 'Put 
IBV not to rchuKf.'nl Kly. 2. Whole service 
an D minor, a 4, !i, and ^ at El v. and in Tud- 
wara 'Colkctiftn,' Tills, i. and ii.lllarl. MSS. 
73S7and7»W). :{. Anthemin minor.n 3, 
with chonis a 4. 'U, that mine eve^.' at KIv. 
And in FUekton's ■ Collection," >« o. H2 ( Bn't. 
Miu. Add. MSS..'W)!Wl>); the wnu- duet, with- 
ontcboruB, ia ropttil in A minor in N'>vi-I[it':4 
'OoUeetioo ' (ih. -XVIM ). At Ely Calhtxlral. 
man or laaa complete, are alw 1. Antbem, 
'O God, my heart is ready' <orgaD part); 
• Prat«e the I»rd, O my »o'ul ' f tMior part) ; 
•T.rU the daujfhlerof Zioo;' and 'Unto Thee 
I Lift up.' At Peterhniine, Cambridge, are 
raMnacriptsoftheaboTe anthems, apparently 
iatbsanthnr'a aub^^ph. t'liilitrds' Divine 
Berriee*' titclud'i* other anthems hv L(X>!R^ 
mom: *0. sing unto (be Lord,' 'Th» Lord 
hath done,''niv(i the King Thv Jadgmait*/ 

lioooemoraa eoa. Obobce Loosexobb 

I (Jt. IdOO),org&ni!it and rotnpoMkr.wasiiiidsr 
Ilia fftther a^ a cliorititer ai King's Collc^, 
Cambridge (Gbotb). In Il>90 he waa ap- 

Cninted oramiw to Trinity Colle^je, Cam- 
rid^, and in 16B5 be ^Twlimtnl doctor of 
n\Mc (Grad. Cant.) In llSIK) he also appears 
to bare succeeded hiit father an organist at 
Kirtling, aniatiog John Jenkin<i 'q. r.] in his 
teachinD- of Baron North's^ family nntil I6<$6. 
IIi« antueiu ' Glorv be to Gud.' G minor, is In 
vol. iii.of Tudway^s'Collection'dlorl. MSS. 
7;t3(l) ; t hr oT^jin part, nf * i [ear mv crying ' 
is ill m&ntiscripc in Ely Cathedral l-ihrary. 

[SeenntJtorittoa andcr Joox LoovaxosK] 

L. U. U. 

LOOSEMORE, .lOIIN (IfiL-J P-1681), 
orfrnu-builii<;r, br^itlier of Henry (.oosemoro 
[q.v.],waa bom at Bishop's Xyni'pi on, l»ovon- 
ahire (Lrsoxs, Mayna Jln't. vol. vi. pt. iL 
TK S6S), or, according to other fiiitliorities. at 
Exeter, about ltil3. Hu was singer or lay 
c1«rkntExet«rCathedral(II«.WEiy»). InNo- 
vumber IttilO be waa paid 5/. bv the chapter 
towards 'the making nfaaettor pipes to the 
temporary organ uMd in the cathedral until 
the new oiu waa built ; the old instrument 
had boon broken by the rebels(W'uRTH,&v-fer 
Otthf^ral and itti IU*toraii<m, ]K7W). Loose- 
more wa." wot at the expense of the chaptert 
l0iVi, to exsuiine Harris's organ in SoUsoury 
Cathedral, 'the better to inform liimaelf to 
make the new organ'at ExeU>r,and in 1664 
he tisitt-d Ijondon 'about the church's biLii- 
ness.' In Mav 1865 tli« temporary organ in 
Exeter Catbeonl wn.« taken down, and may 
have been moved to the choristers' singing* 
school attached to thi> cathedral (cf. Rim- 
BAtTLT). Loosemore seems to have designed 
tbe cam of the famous iniitrnmenl, with its 
peat double diapason ami largr^'st organ-pipe 
m Eoirland, tJiat took it» place (cf. Gkovb, li. 
fiHii; KlMnAtrLT, Uutorif f>f the Oi^-rtn. p.62; 
RcMiKK NoBru, Life of the l^trd Keeper). 
The greater part of tbe case etill exists, but 
practically nothing remains of the mechanism 
etcopt three or four doa.>n pipes (WoETH ; 
H11.L, On/an Com'*, p. 'J'JH: and Society of 
Autiijuariee' Amtunt »/ Kreter Cathedral, 
plate V.) Ljosemore's autograph note of 
•what tbe organ coat' gives 847/. 7#. lOrf. as 
the total sum. owing la ' not b^i'ing tinne in 
HesoD.* Amoni: other organs built by Loow* 
more was one for Sir Georg« TrevilTan ( Kn*- 
B*ri.T), ibf original document respwung 
which ia Etill extant. Lnnnemore wa« also a 
maker of virginals, and. like other makers of 
his I ime, uaimI l>ftxwood for iu\tuniU iu the 
keyboards. He died on K April h^l, aged 
IB. His epitaph on a (rravestnne in the 
transept of Exeter Cathedral, witli that of 

z 3 


8h«uinc, kiA Hinio-ltv, ia in PolvlieleV 
•Deron/a. 29. 

[Grove'* XHcL of Uuaic, ii. Iflft, it. 70;3; 
Eftwkiiu'ii Hln. of Munie, p, 771 ; cstrMt« 
frun LorJ fiocih'* prir&t« accuunl-book, 1662- 
Ifin. kinrfljf aupplied by I>r. JeMuipp; (»ri*h 
xefHAton of Bi8nop'« N7ni[>ton, Ih^J(ls(l tlie 
courbaiiy nf tho Kar. K. A. LeNtur; Uickson'ti Ely 
Cathcdml Music Library; Uonicy'a Bint, of 
Miuict iti. 136 i fgr bccoudI of Kxotvr orgno 
AM Hill'* Or^^nn C-wKt. pn'fnre: Wool'OimbB'B 
Jtcconl;', ii. 170 : I^nsdowoo MS3. N». Z13 
(Brit. Mu!>.); iiuttiurilim ciUkI.] L. M. M. 

landscKpc-puinter, boru in 101a, appM&rs to 
have iwen a Qfttive of AiDdtenlsiii, wtii^ru Le 
WEB iDRm^id in 16-13. Hepnint^d landacapes 
of A suWitne or mmsnttc il inscription, with 
ilark wooiIh and wttterfnlU, in tiie atrle of 
lCi>elaDilt UoghmftU anj AlUrt van "Kver- 
dingen. Tliere is n landi^cape by him in tlie 
picliirt! j^nllery n.t Itnriin, dftteJ IU'>9, and 
three siqulII landscapes painttKl by hitn on 
OopperoTv in thp galWrjatDrv^dea. Looten 
■no pninlod soma vit-wa »f the Alps in Swit- 
xerlaiid. He camo to Ixindoti early in tlii; 
reigu of Cbarles II, and died there In ltt8l. 
There werp three land^capi*^ by him in 
Jamw Il'tt collection, and liiit picLur«.<t am 
to he m<!t with, much dnrki>ni>a by ayn, in 
private collijctioiiii in KngUnd. lu the Na- 
tional (iallery ii a (gloomy and impreMivd 
* Kiver Scbuo with I'iftnrea.' 

[Wal|>ule's Aiiecdulu* of pjiintiiig. ed. Wor- 
anm ; Wuitman oud WMrmnnBH Goschicht? der 
^Alani ; CotAlognei of Uie Brrlin anil Drmden 
Picture OalleriM; Batho'a CaL of JampsirBct^- 
IrcUoa : Kr&mm's I>rensen W«irkeD der HoUimd- 
ache CD Vlunacho KoBsteoliiMDra, &c-.] L. C. 


by his wife Tlebecca, dauAliter of Maima^eh 
I'urcira of Jamaio, was born iu Jamaica on 
27 Jen. I7(Vi. 

In IK)2 lt<> abandoned judriistn,oi)nformed 
to ibe praclic*a of the cburclt of Kiiglam], 
and wa« nitumed to parlinmpnt for N«w 
Rumney, and on 6 Oct. I8LI5 was cn*aTed r 
baronet iG'mt. Ma;/. lWJ.%ii. l^^.'II), witb re- 
mainder to his n<>phcw, Kalph Franco, only 
aon of his Uto sintfr, KhiIht, wile of Abra- 
ham Franco, aud hu oljlaiiu-d a licH-iifio under 
the tign-tanniiii] to toltri tho Tiamp of Ma**eli 
before his own. In 1*^12 he was n-InrriL-d to 
parliament for Barui'Ui]de. SubveijiiL'iitlyht! 
airanpeil with onei lloaro, a voter at Onini- 
poiind in Uomwnll, to procure his n>tiini for 
thai conalitUHncyby dividing 2,00tW, among 
the sixty freeholders of tUe borougfa. Fur 

tliia he wa« brought, to trial at Exeter uuiM 
before Mr. Justice llolroyd and a ajtecial jury 
on 18 March IHIW, and on convicti'm wad 
Beutanoed to two vvan* iicuriAO&munl and 
to pay a fine of 1,600/. Tbu conviotion of 
a. baronet and a member of parliament fiir 
corruption markit n f^Mil. advanre in tha 
public demand for electoral purity. Pending 
tbia trial he had been ret umed for Barnslaplo 
in 1816. His retiirn had been petitioned 
against; it wai« pmvt^l that he fiad snent 
3,000/. in brilH'g. and hud bribed aixiy-tnree 
out of three hundred resident electors at W. 
each. The commilteo before which it w»« 
heard reported that it denerved the serioua 
oonAideracion of tho hou»c, 9 March 1819. 
The house thereupon unseated him, and on 
2 April directed the attorney-general tonro- 
sivute hiin,HD<l bewasMtuteueedon l^Nof. 
by the court of king's bench to a further flnw 
and termof iiDprisonmt^nt. Bui thismiship 
did not flxcliido htm fr.)m public life. On 
, hiH release from gaol he was r«>liirned in \fiiA 
for his pocki::t borough of Wcjibury, though 
he wn« very unpopidar there, and again in 
1826, bat he resigned the seat, upon what 
con@id(}ratioa is unknown, to provide one for 
Pwl on bis rejeclion by the univi-rsilv of 
(htford in 1^29. Ilediei^ on 'JO .March IKJl 
at his seal, Iklaristow lluiisu in Dcvonshtn\ 
leaving u fortune of SOU.CXXl^., principally in 
govumment and East India stock, but al«o 
in land near Plvnionth. lie was a magis- 
trate for IV-vonshire aud Wiltflhin*, and re- 
corder of Westbury. lie married Chariot to, 
daughter of John Yeaies of Monmoutlu^hire, 
bv whom be hnd a daughter, t^her, who 
dif>d on I July l?*l!l. His nephew and heir, 
Ilalph Fninco, aitjuuied the aumsnic- Lupi>a 
on succeeding to the baronetcy. 

[Gfrut. mg, 1831 ; WalpoU's Hist, of Eng- 
land : Hansiud'B ]*arl. UelMtoa, mix. 1 3fiO ; 
Piwiotto'a 8ket«he« of Aiigli>4«wiiih lIiMory; 
PvH's It!«moirs, i. 342.] J. A. II. 

LOPEZ, KODKKKiO (d. 15W). Jewish 
pbyBieian, a nntive of Purlugal, Hettled in 
£n;rlnud in 1559. Ue may have been related 
to llemnndo Lo}>ei!.nphyMeian who waxMOt 
to England by the King of Spain tn iri20.or 
to Ferdinando Ijojiex, 'a physician which waa 
a stranger dwi'Iling within St. llelms^ Inthn 
City of Lctrdon,' in the time of t^dwaird V I- 
TLe latter—' a Jewe borne ' — waa chaitfud iu 
April 15.'>0 with immoral oH'ences, and after 
sumu respite granted ' at the suite of the 
empror'fl amba.'^-<ailoraml other of the king'^ 
pri\-y council,' was ultimately 'iMoiaheil 1A« 
renlm of Hnpland for ever' ( WKlOXaSBLHT^ 
V/>rQTiicU,Caiu<l. Sac. ii. ;«5, Ii'}. 

Jioderigo figures ill the census «tf foreigwts 
living in Loudon ia 1&71, u a reaidenl iu 





tbfi pui»h nf 8t. Pei«r le Potr, nnd ut de- 
Kribud M * Uocuir LopuA, a i>ort iiifrnlo, Iioiue- 
bolder denizea,' who ' camti tato this r&olni 
aboat trretve yoan put lo gat his living hj 
physic.' I^ewig Ixtpet, m hratiipr. Is meii- 
liooisdasUTiDg vithhim(A'"/<9'rwi (fyimea. 
Sad Bor. riii. 448). Lopox rapidly rooctoa 
the highMt placM io th« medical profusion 
in London. He was the first to hold the 
oHtcf i}f hoate phyMciftn lU ^l. llartholo- 
niew'ri tlcMpital. Ill ISTSiTrhiUbewa^Uving 
at the hoepiUl, his ' parlour waa boarded ' on 
conduxin that 'he »ii>uld be mnr^ painful 
in hia caro of the iMKir' i^-St. liaitimloiaewf 
Jlotpifal Jtfjtortt, IS-S^I. On« of bia col- 
l«A^e« at the Iio,<(pital, M'illiam Clowui 
[q.T.], in a mediral work on ' CiiuiHfaot 
wound5'(15tJl).retaark«that I^jpex'sUowed 
binufclf lo be both cari'l'ul and voir ekiUfu], 
not only in hiscounst'lindietintr.iiuiftiugatid 
bleeding, bat al^t forhia dirtMrtiun of Arcuus' 
■poMma,' a remedy which Lvy-z caused his 
a»«itantji at 8t. Barl holom«ir*a to adopt. 
Btdbm i'lGQ I^tpux had Iwcotnt' a nc-mber of 
the CoUece of Pbysiciuns, and in that y«ar 
be wta Belect«d tn read the anatomy lecture 
M the college (JIpsk, CoU. of PA}/». i. tiy). 
He deelinod thtit servim to the annoyance of 
bia colleagues, and in 1571 lie was directed 
to return a ft-e which he had received t'rom a 
smrvaat of Lord Biirshb-yon imdertJiking to 
cure a swelled -ihin huHc l* Coll. of Pliy.Hi- 
cians M8S.*io Hut. AINU. O/mm. 8th liep.p. 
2S7ii). Ilis practice grew in .spit« of chargrei 
of nnprofetwionnl practice*. In iri71 he woe 
att«ndin£ the uum-u'k i^'^ivtury, Sir Fraiieifi 
'Waldingnom ( WaLrI^uiuh. Diary, Comd. 
&OC. Mi»cell. vol. i.) In lo7o liis name standi 
nrar the h«^ of a lUt of the chief Ixindon 
doct«ra, printed by Slnwc. A yoar or two 
later be bad become chief pbyiuciaa in the 
bouvebold of the ICarl of Leicester. In 
Leiceater'B 'Commonvi-ealtb ' (IBHll, a libel 
im L«oi9Bl«r, Lhu pb^aiciaa ia daaoribed a« 
*LopattbeJew,'&ad iscredlted with skill in 
poixnungandolberarlA. AfriendofLetcea* 
tcr ■pmbi tst him, on the otbcr hand, aa ' a 
Tery bonaat pttreon and a 2ealuua ' (LoDOE, 
lUiutratitma, ii. 3^4) ; and Fraacu Bacon, 
who was nerer wetl-dii>po«ed towards him, 
WTOle of him aa < a man very observant and 
officioiu, and uf a pleaaiug and pliable bv- 
liariour.' lie matutained a largecorTMpon* 
dence with friendaand relaciree in Antwerp 
and Onwlanlinnple, for some of whom be 
pfO OW td pa««bort« to Enj^land. At one time 
n« lived in ^^ ood ^tr^vt ; »t another he had 
■ IwHue in Holbom cjUIed Mount Juy's lun, 
which a patient budi and nve to bun, and 
be ranlea some property oi Winchester Col- 
i£^ (UlBCH, MemfHri). 

In loKtt, Lopes became chief physician to 
Qui>H.*n KltznlM.-th. She tTcnted him witboon- 
eidLiatioD, and in 1&&9 grant^'d him a mono- 
poly for the importation of aniseed and 
eumach into Kngland. ttnbriel Uar\*eymnde 
al this period 8umo cummenis on the cbief 
doctors of the day in tnanuscript noten, writ- 
tenon hie copy (now intheBnti&h Muaeum) 
of *In Ivdaeorv'm McdiciuilrorumCoJiunniaa 
et Horaicidia pro Chrif>tiauis uiu exhortatio 
. . . A Gt'orgio Alftrio VyreceDUipoDoctore 
Medico Marpurgi et alija,' lo70. Of Lopei 
Harvey writes that, though ' descended of 
Jews,' he was hinuolf a cFiri^lian. * He is,' 
Uarvt-y coniiiiues, ' nono of tbo le&n^eat 
or experte«t physitians in the court, bnt one 
that maht'th a great aecount of hims^-lf as 
the beat, and by a kind of JewitJi pructJs 
hath growea to mucli wealth and sum repu- 
tation H» well with ve quoen hemelf as with 
sum of ye grvHtent I^ruefi and l^odyeo.' 

Lopci's ttltendttiice al court suuu brought 
him the aoqnainUiDc« of the Earl of Eeiez. 
He waa an aooomplished linguist, and bad 
friends in Spain. Essex was eager to gain 
political iiiU-Uigence Irom that country, and 
lie ?n^estiKl that I>>pez could bt usmd to 
bim ; but Beaex's oiler of employment was 
rejected by the doctor, who caused the earl 
additional irriiation by communicating the 
negotiation to the queeiL I<ope2 consented, 
however, to act as inlerpretor to Antonio 
Pe.rex, a victim of pon^ecution at the hands 
of Philip of Spain, whom Essex and bis 
(neods brought to England in 11*90 in order 
to intenaifT the hoalility of the EngUab pub- 
lic to Spain. Antonio proved a ({uerulous 
and eiactipg master, and Ix<pez'B relniions 
with Essex did not improve. In t\w Eium- 
mer uf 1G93 the doctor divulged to Antonio 
and bin friends M>me {>rofe<isional «ecrets. 
* which did disparage lo the Earl's honour' 
(&10DMAX, Court of Jamr* /, i. ir>3). 

ML'nuwbile Spanti'b spiea in I>ondon were 
endi^voiiring to bribe Antonio's aitendants 
to murder their master and Queen Elizabeth. 
Lopex was opproscbed, and was offered fifty 
thousand crowns to take a part in the plot. 
He it TMwrted to have so far doeed with the 
pTXiposaTu to have declareil ' that I 'on An- 
tonio should die the flrcit illness that befell 
bim,' and to havo accepted 'a voiy gwjd jewel 
garnisbed with eutidrv stones of good value' 
urom one of King I'bilip'n emissaries, but he 
seenu to have received with mingivingM ibo 
suggestion ihut be was favourably placed for 
gett ingrid of Queen EUzabeth by poison, and 
to have tnwted the proposal anibiguou.«Iy. 

'i'he exitttenoeof tm- plot »ooncaroe to the 
couuL-it'7 knowledge. One of Anlonio's atten- 
dants, DeUoma, was arrestedst Lopez'shouNi. 




Bospkion conM<]oeDtl3r fell on the doctar, and 
FivmT imiated ou liis fnii''- But when Ihe 
earl obtained permtsftiun to vxaiuinti Lis 
pttpcn, no incriminating material was found, 
and Klimbetli told him t)ut1 ' he was a rash 
mod tvinerarioiiR vouth to eiil«r into a matter 
■gainst the poor miui wliicb h« could not 
wore' (BIUC'D, Memoirs, i, 150). Lopez, 
nawerer, was said to ba\'e btirned all bJa 
pavers a lil t1>.' before (C«Ri.vrrov). Meanwhile 
otLi'r of Antonio's attendanlB werd ametfid 
and, under torttux- or threat* of torture, thoy 
miide Hlat«mi?nts implicatiiiff Lnpex iaes- 
tricably. At the piiiI nf Janimry 1591 l^ipez 
was carried to ilie Towc-r. On 2S Feb. h« 
was tried at the Gntldhall bttfoTc a »i>pciii.l 
cummiBsion,orerwfaioli Keaex prosided. The 

Snuecution woa eunducted by Sir Edvrard 
'oke, solicit or-gi^nvml, who deacribed tbe 
pri^ueriut 'a pcrjuretliuid murdvriii{; villini) 
and Jewiah dncKir.woraetJian Judas liimEelf.' 
He wait fuutid guilty aud »eut«iic«d to death. 
SirllobortCv^C'] wruteloTbomaaWindebank 
on till* same duy, 'a most siibeCuntiiil jury 
found him guilty nfall the treasons \\-ith thu 
apiibiura of Ihe world,' But his conviction 
may bo a* fairly aJKribod to political intrijfue 
and reliffious pivjitdicu us to the weight of 
evideucv againxt him. The (jiiL-en di-layed 
signing thede&tb-warrant for three months, 
but on 7 June Lopei wag carried frvim the 
Tdwlt to the court of queen's bench at We-et- 
minnter, and when iii\il<xl to declare why 
«xeuutii>D of ihct sentence »liould b« further 
delayed ' made bis #ubmis«ion and aJ'Kmit'd he 
never tlioiight harm to her mujealy.' A few 
hours later he wns borne on a burdle to Ty- 
biurn togtflber with two PortugtieM associ- 
ates. On ttiL- BCodVild he BUt«d, Recording; to 
Cumdun^ that 'beluve[lthei)ueun luwvlliuthu 
loved Je8UfiC.'hriHt,w}ucb[CAHDES continues], 
from ani»QoftheJewi«bproff»dion,niovedno 
small laiiehlcr in tho stand I'nt-liy ' {AnnaJa, 
p,G7tl). lie wiisHftL<rvrur«lH tuiiigud nudii»iir- 
teredcSTOW, Chiatihh, l(i31, p. 768). An 
ofBci&l declaration of Lopfx's crime from th« 
pen nf Frani'ift Kncnn waa inunedintely cir- 
culaitudby LliojfovvtTimfut (SrjiDCIXO.Zfncwn, 
i. 273 »t\.) Tlifl queen is said to have worn 
at her (finlle until deiith the jewel i^Ten to 
Lopez by Philip of Spain ( Ifl'jWKs, JournnU, 

S. 599). I-ope-i Ivft a widuw, Sara, who ciinu 
om Antwerp, and two son* oml three 
dan^htvra, t/ueeii K]iz»bel]i,by n rarcexer- 
cd«e of her rrerDg:utive, allowed the family to 
retain much of the doctor's property (of. 
Bara Ijopijz's petition, August IfilJ-t, with in* 
VMtwry of the prtiporty, \n\ Hnt/irlit .\tSX 
pt. IT. p. tlO] ). A von Anthony was u 
•tudent at Wiochestcr in 1594. und bud 
beoD panted by tbe queen ' a purBuutigi! of 

Xil. a year — for bis mfttnienaace at acliool* 

In ' Popish PlntH and TreaaoriH fVooi the 
beginmug of the Reiiru of Q«f«i Elixabeth, 
llhiAtrated with Kmblemi!', and e-xplaia'd in 
Vu»tt' (KXM), there is a drawing entitled 
'Lopas comjiQundiD^; to poyson the Qu^ene.* 
Here Lopez, dreAwd in academic coatumt*, is 
enffaged m cnnTerAntion with a man weming 
a Spntii»h ruff, and a label proceeding from 
the doctor's mouth bears the wordt< *(jutd 
dabitis?' The same picture engraved br 
¥. HuUins appears in Ciirlr-Ton's'Tbankfuil 
Kemembrance.' 1C:*7, p, KM. 

li)I)ez'srenutatiiin,und the popular exdte- 
mem eroked by \n» trial, may poB«tbly bare 
directed Shakenpeare's altcnlion to that Ftudy 
of Jewiwh character whii'h lie suppUec] about 
Ihe lime in hia'Men:bant of ^'enice.' Very 
few Jews settled in Knghind In the I6th Ofn- 
lury, and I^pez's poHilion arrested national 
altuutioa. Freqnunt mention is mode of him 
in conl^imporary literature. lie fieurea in 
the fifth scene of 'England's Joy, a spec- 
taenlar piece playrMl at ihn Swan in 1002 
{HarUian MiM^'ilmig, 1613, x. 196-0), ta 
well as in Marlowe's 'Fausius,'iD 'Dekker'a 
"SWxan of Babylon,' 1607 (G. 4 H.), in 
• Middleton's (inrae at OIh-bs' (Act 4, Scene 2), 
and in JohnTarlor'ti 'Cliurclius Deliremnoe 
(Wort**, HJ30,'p. Uo). 

[Arliclra liy prvsont wrilor in Gent. Hag., 
rebniory, 1880 (* Thp orijtinal of Shylock '), aitd 
in TransiLCtiuDs of thu Kev Shakspore .^^iety, 
16S7-92,pt. ii. pp. 168-42. Sca akn authoritiee 
cited: OoodisADs Court of James I, i. l<B-63i 
Col. i>rStAtti I'aperti, ]ft8l-4 pivtsiin; Poraaroo's 
Philippe ll; MncV* Coll. of Phys, i. 64; 
Carlutun's TlmakfuU KeraembraDco, 163T. pp. 
ll>a-98 : Hatfic-Id M$S. pt. ir. pauicn.] 8. L. 

in Oxfonlshirc in \IA\S, matriculated frooi 
Magdalen HaJI, O.^fnrd, on 15 April 1580, 
but apparently did not graduate. In 1(134^ 
00 the recommendation of Deftn White, 
whom he had si'r^'iil ns cunite, he was niv 
])nintecl by tb» Krifil India Compruiycbaplom 
to the Enkrli»h factory at Surat for a term of 
fiv« years, and at a salarrof 60/. per annum. 
Hii^iriHl sermon at Hr. Helen's having }>«sn 
approved, the directors further vot«il him 30/. 
'tobuv biui booka'tCo/, Stat* i^jwr«,CoIo- 
nial, 16-2-i-l, pp. !3i>«, 23i>). While at Sarat 
he Boquini-d come knowledge of Hindustani 
and IVrsiiin, and studied the customs of the 
natives. On his return to Knglaod he pub- 
Ufih''d ' A Displav nf two forrai^Tie secta in 
the Knstlndie.^.viz^: the necl of iheBanianfi, 
the ancient Natives of Indiii.aud the sect of 
the PerseeSjtheancientlnliabitttnta of Persia,' 
... 2 pts. 4lo, London, 1(530, with a curi-* 










-oiifil; etuiuvcd title*|iii(;ii by WUliun Mar- 
-sUftU. Lord dedicated his volume to the 
Arclkbiftbop of C&nterbury, in the hope that 
hU gneo might aee h.\s way to re(H>SBing the 
iuUvM'idolatntuj»pnctiot!«. AFrtiiichtran«~ 
iationofthebookbyF.Briot&ppeaivdat- Haris 
dn I6tt7. It hiA beeti reiseum in I'iv&rt's 
• JU-ligioiiM C»'peninnie8'(Fn:tnnh audEiiflish 

-«ditioo2 alike I, in I*>okurton'« ' Voyage* '{vol. 
viii. i.andtDtdcvitriouiicdiiJoiiNofChurehUt'a 

" Collection of Voyages aud TraveLe.' 

(liOfd'a DisfSKT ; pnCwc to the Fraoch Irvtt- 
^atwa, lear ; fint. Una. Cat.] O. 0. 

J M(i), dijilonuit ii- agent, boru al <.'i>rk in 1606, 
-wuMDof John Lord, chaplain to an itistttu- 
tion founded at .MiirheUtown. co, Cork, by 
the Kiogstun family fur tliu rvliul' of ducajp-ea 
eenlt«wouien. After h«iag taught by hi4 
Jttlher, he went to Dublio Univ^rsitT, when- 
K'KrmliintedBA. in ISiMoml M.liin \Ki2. 
Krom Dublin Itu removtid to I'^iiibur^h, 
where h« xealoiuly pureukt anatomical and 
phviiiologicsl Htudies, and acted as resident 
«iip«-nntvtidf»( uf a hospital during on ein- 
^mic of chulua. Afttir completing a'la 
course in Edinburgh he came to London, 
and oontribnted some valuable medical n>- 
views to the ' Athenieum,' notablv two on 
otfuumptioa in the numbers for lo and ti'2 
March lb34, which were copied by medical 
lounuU on the continent and in America. 

On tiS Nov. iJNtl Lord was appointed as- 
.sUtant BUi^>(m in tbu iwrviov of the Eont 
India Company, and itmceedt.'d to Bombay. 
Ou the voyage beHtimied Perwan. He was 
•ppoiuled to ibe native cavalry in GuKrat, 
and afUaward* accompanied, lus siifK^n, the 
eobaaay (the 'commercial miMion ) which 
WSJ aent under Sir Alexander Bumm to 
■OabuL At Cabul be won tlie friendship of 
DoAt Mahomed Kb an and other Afghan 
chieCs ; and his fam<.t rttachcd the ears of 
Alarad Iteg, the dreaded umiruf ECunduz,wh(> 
fvai a miadion to retjueu hi« attendance ou 
hu brother, then threatened with blindiieas. 
Accooiingly late in Xovi-mlwr IK:17 I^rd 
penetrated into Turtary ihruiurh the moiin- 
totna of the lliud'X) K<x>sh. lie found the 
cue of llurad lle^'« brother hopuless ; but he 
amliodied vulunbl<'ob^rvaiioii!tirian'|]iirt to 
the govenunent, which mot with thi' uigheAt 
-AppiolMUioa. Lord was couMqtientlr. 1 iJct. 
IflitS, named palitical assistant to William 
Jlay.MtwnoBhlen[ii.v. '.till- envoy dp«{ialcbed 
do (.'abul, Olid wan Mint to l*i»hawur to colluct 
and arm all the notivei who were ready to 
£ght in Wbalf of Shab SUoryah, whom the 
English |:uM'niuii-ni hml determined tn plaiw 
V uf Afjjhaoiitan instead of l>oit 

Moliomed. At I'nahawiir he wrote to his 
mother, * he wu busied in casting cannon, 
forcing muakets.miiiinfftrocits,hGrse and foot, 
talking, ]ier>>nading, tnreaiening, bullying. 
aud bribing.' In the three daya' fighting at 
the Khybcr I'aw, July 1830, on the road to 
Cahul, Lord acted as aido-de-camp Co Colonel 
Wade, and received the public thanIcA of ihu 
governor-general. ItiSepteiuber 183l.thewa.<( 
doitpatchcd fmtn (.'ubul to the L'xbek frontier 
to gain informutiuii about Dott Midiomed'a 
movements, and furnished what Kaye de- 
scribe* ai 'exaggerated stonpn'of the success 
of lki»f. Mahomed amnti^ thi^ prtty chiefs of 
the Hindoo Kuosh, aiidufa gr^tt muvomeat 
which xens about to be made for the r«-««ta- 
blisbment of l>i»t Mahom>Hl ( H'ar in Afyha- 
nMfan,ii. \'l). I'poii tfaiit iMnctiagliti^n.ftyling 
doubtful uf Slinb Shooioh's safety, mode a 
requioJtion to Sir John Keane for a stronger 
military force, and 'turned Lord's story to 
account in ihefiirthifranoe of his own viewa.* 
Lord p««Bed the winter of l8.'^-40 in the 
cave* of Bameean. Ten days after the Kng- 
lish victory over l>tisr Mahomed and hia ally, 
ihi'WaWof KhtMjInom, at Itumeean, IrSSept. 
1H40 [cf. ])EXSiK, Wtu-iAM llEXErl, Lord 
was Sent tJ>*iiperinleiidthe negutiaiionswith 
the HtBle»ufTurk(mun,andniiLnu^edLo detach 
the walee fnim liin alliance with Dust, and to 
coacilidte all the Uxbek states aa far as the 
Oxiu. The favourable imprtwsion which Lord 
waa known to bavB previously mode on Uosr. 
Mnliniueti Kbau leil the aiithnritiejt to send 
Lord with tlie mihtary diviaiou, which wba 
aent to intvrci.-pt and capture that chief, in 
the valley uf Pum-aodnrrah ; hut unhappily 
Doet Matiomittl Khnn defeated the Englit>b 
troop« at Purwuu on '2 Nor. tt>40, and in 
the action Lord wa^ killed. 

Lord was iiuthar of: 1. ' Popular ITivsio- 
logy,' 6vo, Loudon, 1^1; .trd. edit. In.o5. 
2. * Algiers, with Notices of the neighbour 
ingStatc* of Barban-.'tJ volit. l:>mo, London, 
18^35, a usuful compilation. In Doctunber 
1830 he addie«sed an interesting Letter to Sir 
Alexander Johnston, vice-president of Uu 
Itoyal Aniaiic KociL-ty, on the town and tTodfl 
of Canibuv, which wus printed in the society's 
' Journal,' vol. iiL p. txxvii. Durhig his jour- 
neys in Central .\sia l^ord made a regnlar 
hifi death prevented. 

{AthenKORi, I84I, pp. 36, S87, 488; dmt. 
Mag. 1841, pt. i. t'P 330-1; Kaat India lloft. 
ISIl.aoded. p. lOS; KnTi:'» Hist, iif the War in 
Afghanitftaa. vol. ii. ; Taylor's L'ntr. of DubliD, 

p. ASS.] 0. a. 

LORD, THOMAS {f. 179(!). omilho- 
Injiisi, wa." a prolY-^'6 of the Mvv. .Matthew 
William Petens, it. A., and under hia ' iiupec- 




tina and [latronagL' ' uublifiluKl at LoutloD, iu 
foliu tiumtitTH, frniu 1791 uiilil I7146,a work 
emilk-d ' Lord's Entire New System of Omi- 
thologT,-, or tWumcniciil HUtorj' of Britiali 
llinW tTOiieifit Iii)^ of 1 14 plat<rs [pntiit«-<i nml 
(.•UKi-Hved by Lwrd tumseu, witli a brisf di- 
scnptive teit revised by l>r. Dupree, idmUt 
of Iiorklmi»i):<l>''iid f^niRtmar (iclmol. The 
fi^uruearumo^tly Lift^-sizt!. Tlie liuokisDOW 
rare. In Octolwr ITi'O Lord wau living ftt 
6 I..anil>ctb Rood, near the Obelisk. 

[Lord'i EntiruNaw System.} O. O. 


IST:^), naturaU.<it, said to bo the son of Kd- 
-wan) J^rd, was bom iti Coniwdil in 18If*. 
Ht) wa8 brought lo Tavinttxili, Devunalitre, 
frith his brother, WiUiam Uarry Lord, and 
educated byanuccl« named Liiaoambe,a mnn 
of some local poAiliou. Lord wndnppri-nticftd 
toMenn. Bd^ii''>uib6& St amies, clit^iuiet»,iii 
Ttrietock, and aftcrw-firds entered the Koynl 
Veterinary tjollpm!, lAindtin, 4 Niiv. \S-i2, 
and rcwjvwl Mw di[i!i)inH 2B May 1844 (Hcg.) 
Hv vstaULslii^d bitu&L-lf ax a vt;teriiinry eiir- 
cvon nt Tavistock; but bis convivial tfljttcft 
led bim astrny, and be HUfldHnJydiBairpfared. 
He il laid to ha\i}. madt- a wknling voyage 
kod Iwtn ship'n-Tecke'd, and to have been ^r 
■cnav yenrs a trFi]i|)cr in Minnesota and tho 
Hudson's Bay fur eouotheii. On 19 June 
ISfifl he WMii|ipaiiitud tu tliif Itriti^h army 
intlioEast ua v^tcrioarT Burg^n withloc4^ 
rank, and attucbod tf> the artillcTy of tbo 
Turliisli coiitintii^Tif , with wbiirb be aarved in 
tli« C'riiui-a. Ih- ivcwivtid [ hi- rank uf Ueu- 
tcnant4 Jan. 18>jt}. In Auft^^t I&'Ohe waa 
iicling us vettrinary surmMHi with toeal rank 
and spnior lifiitfiiniit of thfl Oemaaili horse 
artlllLTy {.Vvw^A/^ A nny Lint. Auguiif, 1>*()0). 
\Vh»n ]1riti»b Columbia wftji furiiipd into a 
colony aftt^r tlit' pold dirttovtriw on ibt* Fraaer 
River in IST*, Lnni wris appnintpdnnturaliKt 
to the oomuiiM'k'ii which tvatt ^ent aut to run 
a boundary linn atonff 1I10 4lhh parallol of 
nortbtatitudepsopfirairiiglhrnuw colony from 
IJoitad States tflrnrorj-. Jio wwt detached 
to San Francwco to buy mnlos, and to his skill 
and pnerjry the snccotw of iln- irnriiiport ar- 
ran0L>n]».^nU of the exijedition wn» larpi-ly duL*. 
He was fiumeliuin resident at \'ancoiiver'a 
IsUtkd. The valuable collKCtiona of mam- 
mals, birds, fisbp-s, intiertK, kc, madv by liim 
are Ixow in f.lieBrihHh Mu»eiini (f?fnith K«n- 
tuuffluu). Two a<>w ntnmmaU, Fiber oaot/uo- 
eon* and lAi/omtf* minimtu, wero dpirnbed 
tyhim in the'lh-nreedinjta of the Znolo;rieat 
Society,' IBtWi. In I be same year hcdi'livent'd 
the Riflo,and thp Axo.'nt rW MRjininn Hall, 
Piccadilly, I^ondon, and tUurti hn became au- 

?luUDted with Kranris Truvflyaii Ruekland' 
q. v.] At Buckland's 8ii)^estiin he became 
a contributor to the ' Field,' and joined tlus 
fttatTof ' l.and and Water' on it4 Mtablisb- 
mi^ut 1 Jan. It^t. 

SiLb»<.-qu^Titlv Lord vtm employed by t^ 
vict'roy in arcuwological and gcientinc r^ 
soarcbea in I'^gypt. \\ hiln l.biT<:' ht- made 
many obstirvations on anhKot^ uud exp^eed the 
tricks of Thfl Bnakft-channerB, who, awing 
Lord's dejttt'rily in handlinc; venomous **r- 

rentfl, made bim a bheikh of their craft, He 
roug'bt to Londoa colleetiona of tvmaina 
fh>m ancient mines and aent them back to 
Kgypt aflor arranffing them. Cataloguos of 
oollectiona of lepidoptera and hymciioptor& 
formed by him m R^ypt- were publielied in 
I>oiidon in 1«71. Lord wa* appointed the 
flrBt mnnugt'r of th« Brighton Aquarium, 
I which waa opened 10 Aiip. lf*7:;; out four 
I months later be died, iti }iiti fifty-fifth vear^ 
i litbiH residence. I" J>or»ot(iftrdons,Brigtton, 
9 KoL". 1^72. I[i» friend Uuckland bafi de- 
Hcrilied liim aH a bi^, uiinsteiitatiouB, larg^ 
hearted man, n delightful companion, ana & 
Hrst^rate practicul natiiralial. 

Lord waa author of: 1. 'The Naturalist 
in Vancouver's Inland,' London, 1 K<JO, ^ vola-^ 
at the i-nd of which arelistaofhiB collection* 
in north-wiwt America. "J. * At Ilomeinth^ 
Vilduniuse,' by 'The Wanderer,' l^andan, 
IH«7, and eilit. IS7<i. «. ' Jlaridbook (.f Sca- 
Fi«hirg,' an excellent work. Uo helped in an 
enlarged t-ditton of Galton'a ' Art of Travel,' 
waa a contributor to thp ' Ijeisnro Hour ' and 
other joumaU, and under tbesi^fiiaturo 'Tbtt 
Wanderer' contributed mauy papers on aea 
lishL'rieaaiul othertopicstn'CandandWater,*' 
wliichr for n tdiorl time he edite<) a» Ruck land'* 

[Obituary notice and memnir liy Bucklaad io> 
Ijtnd and Wfttor. 14 Dtc. 1872; Lord'* writ^ 
ioga; priiate iDfonnattoD.] H. M, (_'. 

LORIMER, JAMES (181^1890), juriat 
and Tiolitieal pliitoRipber, bom at Alaerdalgie, 
Pert ujihire, 4 Nov, 181t^, waa eon of Jam«s 
Lorimi-r, who manoxred the estates of the- 
Earl of Kinnoal. IL- was educated at the 
high school nf Perth, I be iinivt^rsitiea cif Edin- 
burgh, Berlin, and Bonn, and the academy 
of ticncva. "To the loeturca of Sir William 
Hamilton at Kdinhnrffb he attributed the 
din-iCtifjn of his mind to philosophy, which 
wns t>trt:;ugthi-iit<d by allvndiufithi'KoofTren- 
deli'nbiirg ot Berlin and Dshlmann at Bonn. 
He received instruction at (ienevn froni Ho 
Ib Itivu on xnolngy and Milecberlieh on clifr- 
mislry. In lf4&, after a brit-f trial of a 
commiTcint carL-tr in Glnfpow, he waa ad- 
mitted a member uf Uie Faculty of AdvocatCA 





of Scoilud. Hd pnctuvd a littlo at the 
bar. acted oocauonally u ehmfi-aubstitute 
of HidloUiiu], Rtul wrolo a jiopiLliir ' Muuual 
of tbe I^wof Sc:'Tl«nd,'but lii» cartor lay in 
the dovi'lojnuL'iii. orjurufjirudcncB and nut in 
the pTBl'tlCO of ailvoCBcv- 

Iq 18<>1 be fir$l mailo liU murk as a.D 
aatlior by an cmaj on ' Tbe UiUT«r8iTi«9 of 
Scotland', past, pn'senl, and poaulilH,' in 
'vrbicb maay of tlie refonns, wbich it \uU re- 

5|uired Mvenl comnuasions to carrr out. wera 
omhadowcd. He had alreitdy been n fr«- 
qtiriil ifjiitritjut^r tu tbe ' EMinburgh ' and 
* Jiorth llriliih' reviews on literary, liiatori- 
cal. political, and educational topics. A more 
jtnpnrtant work, ' Political ProffTws not 
nwao a arily Upmocratic,' was publisht*d in 
lSS7,towbicb bib 'Coiuitltalinnnlism of tbe 
Future; 1$6G, wat tb« MqtwI. Th« conclu- 
Bioos of these boohs are equally removed 
frtiui tbo upport unii'm of puny Itrtitlprs and 
from tbe lesultsof the I-rt^acb nud Atnerican 
revolutions, beliercd demoeraoy to be e\-il, 
but ineritablo, and that thit only cwurse lull 
for tbo practical politician was to obeck tbe 
rapidity of itc progvew. 

TjoritBer's boflln attnu:t«43thi* notice of Sir 
O«oi^ Comewall LewtSf and in 1^!5 led to 
bU app<Mntment to tbe nuwty rt^vived cbuir 
inthvuDivoraityofEdinburga bearing (after 
Urotiu«)tbr'nami>of 'The I^wof Nnturt- nnd 
of Xations.' I^rimer hercpfnrth devoted bis 
obtef euer^e« to tbe pert'ormaitce of bia pro- 
ftasoritl duties. Ili^ predilection ■vrm for the 
pbiloeopbv of Ian*, the modern ciiuntdTparr of 
tbe law o^ nature, wbicb he tanjibt ai-cording 
to a system of his on'n, but ackiiowlvdKedbis 
obUgatiiMiR TO that of Kraus^.fta ^nilainedby 
Ahraiu. Till? pi-suU waa embodied in t lie ' In- 
Into French in an abridf^ form by Proft^s^or 
Ernest Nys, ltru.>uelA, ISW, < if tlila xnbj^t, 
•o familiar to coiitim.'nt«l. yet tht-n guuoraUy j 
ionoirad by English, Uiryera, Lorimer waa 
umort tbe aole representativ>' during bii« lifo 
in Great Britain, and, as i^ncli, coinlmti'd the 
viem of tb'- iitiliturian and positiri' sclioul of 
Btotbnm, Auatin.and Sir Fitsjames Stephei^ 
Nor did be attach much importance in thin 
drpartmnnt to chi biuorical method, to 
wbii'b tbe incenioua snf^vatirenesfl and nt- 
tntctivcBtylu of Sir Ilpnry >lRiini pire for a 
time so much voitue in England. According 
to a favourite expression which be borrowed 
from Burkt.*, he ro^rded poKttivo Inws an 
dadantory merely, and theori^fitiand biHtory 
of aocialandpolilical iai>titiiti'.>iii< ns illii^tra- 
tire of resnltt which noc««snrily fi.iwed from 
tbe uatun- '>f loAn and tbe relations l)etwf>en 
meo u iiiditiduaUoroa members of political 

eommonitiet. Hit attempt to constnict • 
valid it priori method nf jurisprudence h 
been moru spprvciatvd in Franco and Qt 
many thau in England. la 18)<3-4 he pi 
lishi^ bis ' Institulea of tbe I^wof NatiMUr- 
BTreati.'ieof thf ^eneml Helatinns of separata 
Political Coniiiiuniliuis,' in wbich ha embodiiHl 
and expanded his lecturer on intematioual 
law. S'ine-tenths op mora of this work ia 
deroted tx> puhlic inttrnational law, the re- 
mainder to a very rapid out line of private 
intemntional law,' on tbe baais of tbe claeaical 
workofSuvigny, though moditied and sdnpted 
to LorimL'r'R own tivfllem. Ifis treatment of 
public int«ruatfi>nal law difTi-rs from that uf 
most othwr English writers in bis endeavour 
to ascertain thL- principle oa which it reata* 
and to dnrivG ihem, not from exf re6s or tacit 
convention, but,ftaOrotiiiS did,uroD tlie law 
of nature. He diacuKW*, howc«r, on tbcso 
liuGiH mntiy practical prohb'ma of tbe present 
day, like neutrality, iialioualily, proportioiinl 
diaarmiuneut, and ot bent. And be puts forward 
an ingenious, though utopinn,«cbeme for tbo 
orgauiaation of an intematinnal govi'rnmenfc 
of Europe with it* centre at fJeneva. This 
work IB dedicated to bia co11eagiie« of ' Tbe 
Institute of Inttfmationnl l.«w/ a body of 
wbicb be was one uf tha foiuidcra in lt73, 
along with Manciui, BlontaeUi, Itolut 
Jacquemyns, Lareleye, Beaaobrauof, OHvo- 
rona, Itivier, and other leading jnri«ta of the 
continent. He was a constant contributor 
to tbe'Frooeedinga'of this iu»titiite, aud it«t 
raeetings at rarioui European centres gare 
bim the opportunity of ki^'pine up his inti- 
macy witii bis continental Iri'Emds, their 
countries, and their ]auguag<.-. Ileconstantly 
insisted in bis writing* on the importance to. 
fisniuU count r\' like Si-iillanduf keeping itself" 
in rontart with the gniat Elates of Europe 
and of iiitt^rcourse tvitb their distinguished 

In purtuance of bis early schemeft of imi- 
vereiiy reform, l^orimerwught to develop tbo - 
facultyoflawat Edinburgh. He succeeded in 
introtliicing graduation in law, and orgsnisetl 
and extended it« studies m) an to qualify tbo 
^n^duateti not mt'rely for tbe practice of law 
in Scotland, but al»':i for the diplomatic and 
otlier branches of ilio civil sen-ice. Person- 
ally, he cultivated friendly n-Iutions with 
diidomatisia and politician)^, hoping by tbeir 
aiu to render posts in tbe diplomatic and 
consular departments more accessible to hiq. 
stuclents. He strongly advocated the 8ubitt> 
tution for government ofliciala of a complet« 
educution in tUU faculty for preparation by- 
crammers and competitive examinations. 

LurtmL'r eutbusiiLSttcmlly advocated many 
political reforms in newKpapersor roriewsor- 

Lo rimer 



in Ills oiiDual introductorv A^ltlreweR, which 
were coUscI'-hI oAit liis deolh as 'Studiefl, 
>'utiou8l,ttiKl Iiiti^Tuatiunal,' IdOU. He pro- 
to hue thefrinchUe oaui«]uc«tiuiiii1 
iiuliScution and to extend it lowomt-n, ftod 
ftToutEd propnriianal repreaentatinn, <in b 
plan aomewhal umiUr lo tliat uf Mr. Hare. 
1« Ul^ the import&nce of Und boio^ held 
J»y nwifctttial owrnen; lUe advanUge of a 
SBlional church, wiih a wfll MucaLt.'d aiid 
^utGaeutly paid cltrrjrr; the vxiwdieiic; of 
membere of parliuuvut aa wt-ll at other public 
jHenruita being spi-cially irein«d for ih4-ir 
PTdnties; the owthpiic aflwolIaii«Anitary value 

-ofpublic ittrks aud llic- planting of Uwn ia 
towu5, and iWimprovKment of cultagua ood 

Ht< e])eat. liia varatiiin in tlie old caatle of 
K«llv. near FiUoiiwtn)m,FifvKhLr«, which he 

Moqtiired on a Xonp; Ivmo and ro^tcrftd, and 
•wlmre \w fngnged with keen lest, so fur as 
hiH hnaltli aKowr^l, in ilie public dutioa and 
"tcial nmiutinii-nU vi a country gentleman. 

' He died in Ediiiburijli on i:i iK-h. 18iK). An 

■exct^lU'Dt porlmil by bin son biu bi'tn pbuvd 
in the Senate Hall of ihe univt'reity of Edin- 
hiirjitli, and 11 (scholaribipfor the study of the 
siibjticis L« tjiujfbt hiw b^en foiindwi in hia 
mviDOry. He was stirviviid bv Iiis wilCflbn-t! 
daugbten, and t brv^e i^nn^ : iTames I^rimur, 

■Qt present resident in Tiuiinantft, J. U.Loriiaer, 
I{,S.A., ua accomplished aitiBt, and Ji. tS. 
Lorimer, nrc}iit«!t, Kdiuburgh. 

[P«r*oiuil knowledge and ooticeia of hia lit* and 

^mrlui by his ralleague, Prafeadur Fliui, in ihe 

^-.JuridKaf Koricw ; Itolyn JBoquemyn*, furmirly 

Bvlginu uiiniMor t>f the iiileriur, aiA Prufcwir 

' J£me»t Nyti in tfad Kcriio dc Drviii InU^mnriunal, 

■and Mr. Wwtliiko, Q.C., iu the Atiidemy. A 
liiblioftmphy of hie vriiiiig^ \s nppcndi-d tu bin 
Studi'ra, NttlioniU nnd Jnturuiilii^nMl.] JE. M, 

LORIMER, PETF.R ( 1812-1879), pre«- 
bylerian divine, born in Edinburgli in Itll', 
WAS tbtt (ddfjtl son of John l,orimi'r,biiilder. 
Ha was i-d(icaU'd at thu bij^h echoul and 

■ OeorpB Uvriot's Iloapitul in that city, wUencL- 
In3 prticeeded with a bursary to the univer- 
fiilv of KdinhiLrjfb in It'-'Jl. In IHIttJ he wua 

•oroaiufd luinislLTof tbi' [■rt^rLbylcriiiii churchy 
Jtivor Terrace, London, which waa tb»»n in 

•connexion with the cbnrch of Scotland, 
jMter the sflression i>r lHj;t hn, with lii^roii- 

',ffn>gatioii, joined ib^i ty:iw\ ut Ikrwick in 
iHJ4. (.In tb<! f8tabli)ilini<?iih of tbi> Kn^- 
lihh Prusbyterian C'oIIij^l'. London, in 1844, 
he was anjxiinled profea&ar of thoology, and 
was made lis first ]irincipal in ISTtf. The 

•x^oUef^ of ^ew Jersey conferrrd on bim in 
■Tuno 1857 Ibe dtifroL' of H.D. lie dii-d on 
:JVf July lr>71> at Wbiteliavsn, CumbtTlaiid. 

tond was buried in the Orange oemetory at 

Edinburgh. Ut lu< niarriuijiv in IMOto Wss 
Hannah Fox (iHl^-IC^*^) (*f Whitehaven 
he had a eon, John Archibald, mtr^on, of 
Fanibam, Surrey, and a daughter, Annie, 
the wifo of Jame« Austin, barrister. 

Lorimere most imunrtant work was 'John 
Knox and the Ohorcu of Knjiland.' t^vo, l>in- 
doD. 1S7&, ■ monograph founded upon tlu 
Kiiax pamn* prrsprvpd amoDg the Mornoe 
31^. iu l>r. Wtlliams'fi Library. Append«] 
U 'The Life noJ lieath of Mr. WUlran 
Whittinghant, Deaue of Durham/ printed 
from Anibony L Wood's itSS. in the Bod- 
leian Library. 

His otbtir works are: 1. ' Healthy Religion 
exemplitied in the Life of . . . Andfew Jack 
ofWuibur^b.'Svu, Edinburjtb, l«5i 2. * Pn?- 
rursora of Knox; or, Memoirs of Patrick 
Hamilton . . . Alexiindi-jr Aliute or Aleaiua 
. . . and Sir Darid Lind.«ny of the Mount,* 
Jl;c.,Hro, Ddinbiii^h, 1p-j7( embodied iuJ. A. 
Wylie's • Ter-Ccut<>narT of tbu Scottish Ke- 
fonuation,' 8vo. Edinburgh, It430, as 'The 
Precursors of Knox — On tht* Learning and 
Kulighteiuid Vit-WK of the fr>ciiliiiih Ke- 
I formers ' ). S. ' The Scottish Ui'fi»rmation : 
' a Historical Sketch/ 8%'o. London and Gla»- 
gnw, IrttiO. 4. 'The Funnlion of Ihe Fowr 
(tosiil'U viewed in eoiint-ctton wilh Kccvnt 
Criticism,' 8vij, London, 1669. 6. * A Hood 
Hnd Faithful Servant. M<>moir of the Rev. 
Archibald Jack of South Shields/ Hvo, Edin- 
I burgh, 1871. 6. 'The Evid._'nii«! Value of 
thu Early KpiAtlen of St. Paul viewed aa 
Historical Documents/ 6ro, London, 1874 
(nl»o in scries v. of lectures published by 
the Ciirislimi Evidence Sttiyly ). 7. * Thu 
FvidiMice to Chrinlianity arising from its 
A^kptntion lo all tbe Deeper Wants of the 
Iltiman Heart,' Hro, London, 1M76 (also in 
hL^rii-s iii. uf tbcCbrifitiiui Ev tduoco Soetotjr** 
lectures, ISiiO). 

lie olso translt«t*<l from the German, with 
rulilitionalnnte^, Ci. V. I,ochler'a 'John Wio- 
lif nnd his English Prucursors/ 2 vot«. 6vo, 
London, 187$; other editions in one voL 
1K61 ond 18**4. He edited, with nutct, M. 
Stuarl:'s 'Criticftl Hinlory of the Old Teata- 
uiuiil Cauou,' Svu, 1849. and wrot*.- lui intro- 
duction, under the sJpnatiiTw of ' P. L./t^the 
rvprint of Tbomas Cnrlwrigbt's 'Directory 
of Cliurrli Govi-riimeiil,' ■llo, IH72. 

(KotvA kimJly suppliCTi by Mm. Austin (dm 
Ixtrimor); KdiLl^urgli U.iilyltuviuw; Kdinburgli 
Weekly BcviPir; Tiinoa, 31 July ISjfl. p. 4, coL 
»: l^lmbtirjjliCuarttDi, I Aug. 1679. p. 6: BnU 
JUu<«.Ciiu] (I. U. 

(1 ' ~&-I(^-">lib udioiral, in .\mpriea on 
13 Oct. 177o, was gnmili^nn of Commodore 
Joshua Loring, who commanded the flotilla 



•«ci)iIoyet] on the Xorth A-iueric«a Ukv» in 
lhe«eTi-nyenrs' war,Bndiii«-"l in l"**! (Ciivit- 
KOCK, Hioif. A'nt'. vi. i'liO ). I lis furlier, Joshua 
Xioring, was lii^U slifritl' cif Mu£««cUiLwtU 
before the revolt of the coloniei. aud ther- 
wardi comttiff to Engluid settled in B«-'rli- 
•liire, Joho honng entered the na\7' in June 
1789 OR board tliu Sttlisbuir, cu-rviuu; cli« 
fltg- of Vic«-ft<liiurai Milb«a£E<: on tliu New- 
fountlUnd station. Ue returuL>d tu Kngland 
-and in thv MnllUirmiwan, and at midiliip- 
«n&n of the Victonr wu MWivly woundvd 
at the PTBcaation o( Toulon on 1 1 Dec. I TlVd. 
At ihe uege of Bostift he had c>miuaiii1 of u, 
.cuaboial. and -n-as 'vmpli.iybd vwry nitfht 
intm dark to dnn-n in wittching the M<^c- 
liHul.' On 54 May 1794 he woe jiromulcd 
1(1 b« lii^uloiuint of the I'liH^he elnn)), from 
Trhicb he was shortly afterwards moved to 
♦ho Si. George, carrvinfr thi* flap of Sir 
Hyde Parker (173«-L«07)[ii. v.] In Lit Im 
'«vua preteal in the two aclioiui oil' Toulou, 
13-U March. 13 July 17U6. In ihtf beinti- 
Bttng of I71H-1 III' foUijWi'd P«rl(i?r to t!ie iSri- 
taanift, in wUich W ruturaed tu England, nnd 
l.iwardu tbti end of the year went out to the 
Wert Indies in thft Comet fireship, to rejoin 
I'arker.thon roniiuan<l«r-tn-chit-raT .famaiai. 
In June 179H Lorinf; waa apuuinltil acl- 
lAg eominander of the Rattler sloop, and in 
September of the l>ark, to which he was con- 
firmed onS Jan. 1706. In thi- Lurk he cruiw-il 
tnth marked auocees against the enemy's pri- 
vateer* and merchant ships, and in aoknov- 
li^l^ment of hi» enenryand zenl he wan pub- 
licly thankud by S\t Hnuh (H-ymour, nnd 
a{rpoin1cd act ins captain of the AWrguvi-nnv 
of :a guns. Aprd IbOl. In Octol>or 1601 he , 
ira^< roovrsjlo the ^yrfnfri^ie, and in March 
If^):;, wliilu criiiifiiit^ofl'Ciipi; Fmn^iB, * with , 
Adf^f^rseof coolnew that cijlml forth the ad- 
miration and applause of Sir John Dueli- 
wnrtli,' then commander-in-i'hief, he eup- 
pre wed 'a most dongoroiw inutiny,llie crt-w 
ttanng* combined to takt^ }io«S(»«ion of the 
ahip.' Consequent on Duckworth's recotn- 
ti:i-nda.tion the admiralty mutinned bia port 
Tank tu -28 April 1^U2, lh>? <lay buforr the 

SfuenU promotioa which had bwa made in 
ononr of the peace. 
In lt4Mt-4 Loring commanded the tltrucbt, | 
iWsbipof succe!i»ivi> admtrabt in theI.>own9, 
and in 1605 the Aurora, in a Toyn^ to 
Brnnuda and back : but liiH war apnice is 
chiedy identified with the Niobe. a S8-gun 
^igate, which he conimaudod on the coast of 
Kroncefrora Nov«mbi.'r ISOft to 1 J*13. It was 
sn the Niobe that on the dark niglit of 
S8 March 1806 he pursued an'l took silent 
(omtaion of the !s6aniue brig of 16 giins 

out of a squadron of three frigute« of equal or 
superior force (Jambh. iv. IftOj Tkocde, iii. 
4:W). (m 1;jNov. ItltOlu? took part witb 
Captain Grant of the r>iana,aUa nfSS giinit, 
in driring under the ^latteries of Ia ilouguu 
two 40-gun Trench frigntw, one of wluch 
got nn the nick« and v/as burnt by hi!r own 
i>i-ople, while the other escaped for the time, 
only to be dHrcn on shore and burnt at Cape 
Burfleur on il^i March iHll, by a Kritish 
6quadn>R,of which thti NiobewasonL>(JjLUi», 
v.107.1'11; TEorDK,iv. 113, K-U). TUiru«a 
dnys previously the Xiobe, while watching, 
the port of Havre, hod captured Ui*> Ijoup 
Marin, privateer, of It} guns. In 1813-li 
Jjoring comuiuQdi.*d the Impri^able as Dag- 
captain to .\dmtml Williiim Vnuiig [q. t.] 
in the North Hea. On 1 June IHiri he wb4 
nominated a CM. ; fmrn If^Hi to 1S19 he was 
superintendent of the Ordinary at She^mesSf 
and on 4 Nov, 1819 he waa appointed lieu- 
tenant -governor of the Koynl Nnrnl College 
at Portsmouth. This po»t lie liuld till his 
promotion to flag-rank on 10 Jan. 1837. Jla 
was nominated a K.U.I1. on 30 April 1837, 
K.C.B. on 4 July ISIO, Iwcame vin-admiral 
on 9 Nov. 184li,'and admiral on ft Julv 1861. 
U« died at Uyde on i1> Julv 1862. Xoring 
married in 1K14 Annii.daug^iter of Vice-a£ 
minil Pattuu, and Vn issue three daiiglil4rr« 
and tliree sons, the socomt of whom ts now 
(,l(tfi:>) .Admiral Sir Williani Ixiriag, K.CJ). 

[O'UjTiwa NaT. Di.ig. Oitl. : Marehall's Roy, 
Xar. Biog. ir. (vol. li. pi. ii.) 544 ; Gent. Mag. 
1862. f-t. ii. p. 312; NuLes aiid Queries, 61hMr. 
ii. 432: .Ihtik-^'s Naval Hint. (edit, of I860); 
Troude's Batailtcs luvale* de la Fnuic«.1 

J. K. L. 

LORKJN, THOMA.S (1528P-lo01). re- 
mind ]iri»fe!«iir of pliy^iic at Csmhridge, son of 
TliotiiJis LorUiii, m Joan lliult^y, wnh bom 
at I'rindsbury iit Kent about loi?8. H» 
malricu]at>>d nl IVmbroko Hall, Cam- 
bridge, IJ Nov. l-'ilO, irraduated H.A. 1651- 
\b&i, and proceeded M..A.. lottf>, and was 
created M.I). lotX). Uewas at first a fellow 
of yneens' CoUep", but fr-im l.j Nor. 16S4 
till 1^2 was fellow of I'uterbouse, On 
^l April 1u<M he waa created regius pro- 
f^Bor of physic : he was respondent in th« 
pkytuc art kept befon^ the queen in tho samo 
year, aud iu 1^K> hu obtained a jrrant of 
snuaforthe five regiua professors. Fromlo73 
till l"i&')be was rector of Little Wallham in 
K«»f^x. ilehndMi))aerib«>d when young to tho 
Roman catbolie artichfi, and iu later years 
opposed puriran preaching in the univerailr. 
Lorkiu died 1 May I6i)l, and was buried in 
Great St. Marv'e Church, Caniliridgi*, where 
there is an epitaph upon bim. He married 
Cathvrine.daughlerof Jo]uiUatcher,andleft 





fiTE!(lauKliUra,oi)eaf wbommuTied KdwRid I being wamf>d afraiiuC connterfciu and trn- 
liveiv [q. T.X ngiuA profeMor of [Ivbrew. authorised accouul*. Aiix^iigtliomoetaotori- 
H« died in 1691, »nd left by hi* will cer- 

tain cBtales in r(.'iiiaindvr to Pembroke UhII, 
tjueenfi' Collfge, uiid Peterboiue, and his 
hodkt on phj-itic to the uiiiversitv Ubraiy. 
About 1-10 voIunJt'8 n.'ftchwi the library tn 
DwvmberlOlM. Lorkiiin-ml«' KrclnKwula 

0[i« fftlons whom I^orrainattendnl to th« scaf- 
fold wore Captain Kidd, Capiuin T. :^nitti, 
James Sheppard, liebnrabCliurchill.andJaek 
Hill (AaiiTOV, Social Ltfe in Heign ^ AM%t^ 
l&HS, p. -116). On w)ni« occadocs fifteen or 
evon twri'nty cundumnud iwTsons were exe- 

et Vidua ratio pro Btudiotiis et Utt-ratis,*Loif | cuttidnt once, and the [X)iuesAinn8an<|iR)po^ 
doa, lo<i^, t^vo. His ' Carra«n L&tinum de- ! tlonately abridfrc). In a joinl lutirr Ixam 
castichon'iipreflxed to ihf manuturnpt 'His- ! Pope and Bolinghroke tn fjwifr, dated Do- 
toria Aiiglicaua'by John lliTii[ii. v.], wtiidi I cemher 17^-j, thu ' Inteonlinary ' isdescoibt^ 
fonnnC-ntlon. ?ilS. Julius, C. ii. 136. ironiir-ally a^ the ' ervat liistoriographer.' The 

Ajiuther TnoXAs Lokktx (d. 162o) gra- ppnitcncv of his cliuuTs ie alwaya dMCribed 
duated B.A. firom bjnmanupl t'olippe, Cam- as ao hearlftli that the latter arc plavfuUy 
bridgB,ltflX>-l,proeoL\lfilM.,-V.lliOI,and wan called by Stet- lo * Lorrain'a Siiinta { /li//*r, 
iucoqt'irftU-id at Oxford 30 Au«. 1605. lEeao- No. 63; cf. Spectator, No. 3S8). I^arrain 
comixinitHl Thomas, afl^rwaran Sir Tbom«», diod at hi» house la Town Uitch on 7 Oct. 
Puckering on his trtivrls !till-13, and in 1710 {Mitt's Weekly Journal, \l) Oct. (.a.) 
16ll0-'_*0 he journeyed with the second son of lie i» aaid to have left 5,000/. (t*. IT Oct.)> 
Itobt'rt Cary, oarl of Monmouth. la i^2'i he and his post, which -vrv^t in the pf^. of Ih* 
was st.'crctary to tho embaasv at Paris which lord mayorand court orsldermoti. woa hwnl^ 
neiTitia'*^ the marriage n\ Prince Cliarlc« conteeted until IXi Nov., when ' Mr. Pura«y, 
anu Hfiirtiitts ^laria. .Xftur tlu-irHt-paralion a youof Bucking divitie of [n-i-uty-four;reiUft 
he coiilinuiHl tu correapood with ruckering, 1 ofage,°wa« clectod ' at tJit- recommeodation. 

anil many of luB lelttrs appear in 'Court and I of iht? very Orthodox Hii<hopof I' ' (Tke 

Timei) ot James 1.' Two addressed to tlm | Orphan Revix'd; PQWeU'» n'tvSctjf Jottraat^ 
Earl of Carlialn are in th« liritish Museum 21 Not. 1719), 

Besides Mvenil aen&oD«, including one oa 
* Popory nwir ukin to Pni; and AtheiMn * 
dedicated t« Marley (1712),audatranKlBtioa 
of Muret'a ' Uitea nf Funeral' (16*1). l-orr«in 
brought out in 170i a little boiik, entillvd 
'The Dying Man'ji Aasistanl,' dedicated to 
SirT'homati Abui'V, Lord Mayor, in addition 
to which be publuhad and adrertiHed nn tbo 
vacant apaoea of his * Confessions ' various 
gmall tnanunla of modicinc, devotion, corn- 

(Kg. SIS. 25WJ, ff. .17, 112 ). He » «g drowned 
ia a Chanae) etcinn about Nuvf-'mber 16:10. 

[CnoTi^r's AthenjE Cantabr. ii. 102. 645; New- 
cuurt'd JUpiTtonuni , ii. i I ; l-Wlnr's Alumni Oxoii. 
Ift00~1714; Strype'sAnnalBofthfi Roforniatioa, 
vol. i. p. 646.] W. A. J. .\. 

LORRAIN,PAUL(rf.l71St),ordinai7 of 
N^wgut-', may, from the fact that be trans- 
lated severul Vniall re] igioiiB works by M uret 

and utbersfrom the Kr*.'ni'h,ciHipli'il with liia j cutlin^r. &c. — i>rohalily hisowncompilalinnK. 
aameaudhi5abilityt,ocpHftkIui;ticli(CWe»-| [^^\a „nd Counhopo'. Pop*,rii.67: Hist. 
sion of J. P. llmiDatli), be wifudy mr-rrcd r^, jy-^o. Chno. Ui«ry. p. 7 (ii>ii«Wate as l» 
to have been of Hufrueliot exlniotioii. lie datea); Briti*h Easavwl*. 182.1, ia.l53»t.; W«lt*a 
■wna educated at neither of the KnKlish uni- , UiU. Brit. p. CIS , llrit. Mn» Cai,] T. S. 
versilies, but deacribi'a himwlf aa prL-sbyttT | 

- ■ • LORT, MiriL\ET.. D.I). (173B-1"90\ 

AoTirjiiiiry, desretiilam of a Pemfarokealiir» 
faiuily living at Prickeetoo, wa.t eldt-«l. sou 
of Roger Lort, ma)or of the royal "Welsh 
fueillers, who laamed Anne, only child of 
Kdwsrd JenkiuH, vicar of Kar^am, Ham[>- 
abiru. His fallit-r rltod at Caiubray, 1 1 May 
17-1'), apod ol, from wounda receivt-d at the 
battle of Fonteiiov; hismotherdied in 176"^ 

cf the church of England. lie was appointed 
ordinary of Newpnte prison in S<^pieniher 
1698, h'i« predeceftfior, ^unme! Smith, suhjuct 
of a witty elegy and epitaph hy Tmn Browu 
( Works, U. 41 ), liHving died mi 24 -Vug. in 
that vear. From h i^t appoint ment umi 11710 

he ffmpiit'd the official accounts of tbedying 
speeclies of oriminala condemiicd to capital 
punishiuent ; furry-LMjEht of iheSL* broad- 

»biM<t8 an- in thv Uritii>l] Muwuni. The con- I aged 611. and in l778 he erected a monument 
fe-ssion*, to wliich arc preflscd abatractB nf j to their memory, now im the east wallof the 
Lormin's • funeral sermonB,' are generally cha[n-l of iSt. Aim in Tenbv Church. Uo 
headed ' llm Ortlliiary of Newgfttc, his Ac- wa* entered as pensioner at Trinity College, 
count nf rlie Beliuvioiir, Confeacion.and Isjit I t'ambridg(t. 011 i;i June 17-13, when he was 
Spet-ch of X..' Jcc. Tlii'V wern iseiuiidal eight ' described un agud Ifcl and a» coming fr-utt 
clock on thit moniiiig rullowiiig the execu- I Tenby school. Cole tdds that he wa» at 
tion, and signed Paul Lorraiu, the public Westminiler School (Se«(i/»ite,i. 460). Uia 






di^tO'eesiLt Cambndffvwere.RA. 174C.M.A. 1761. and V.l). 1780. He wiw in- 
eorporati^ kI OxTord 7 July 17i>!^,aiicl bis 
coUflgv oCoo* were, scholar 'M April 1744, 
*iib^ow 2 Oct. 174P, foil feUow 4 Julj 
1760, wnior fellow 17'i8, suWcctor primii* 
Kftit, l^tin render 17r>4, lector pritaariiifl 
1 75''V, and Gr««k render IToO, Oagniduminii 
ID 1744, Lort octiNl aa librarian to Vt. Mt'tui 
until 17&4. His prvft^rmontD wt*r« numurouii, 
bat for many ypars nnt VDiy liirrative. From 
17^ lo 1771 li« held tlie wm of r^ii.i pro- 
iMorof GreokatCainbnng«,Aud in 1768 he 
applied for the profwworahip of modern liis- 
inrT,wht>n Ony, to whom it was ^ivea, de- 
scribed him as ' a worthy man, and I wish be 
conldliBveittorHomerhinsnjijfood.' InI7fJl h«> 
was appointod L-haptiiti\ to Turrick, hldliop uf 
PeUffoorot^b, and about Ihut date be wrrwl 
«1m vicarage of Botiiiihiim. near Cambridge, 
from 1773 to l7t*H hf livmi at Lambeth as 
4lomft>t ic chuplnin lo Archbishiij) Comwallis. 
iirhere Tbomaa Hutchinson heurd him read 
* through the Litaiiy as fast a»acli>rlcwoald 
blTO gone through an inAtrnment, whirh was 
merv matterof fonu,iiiiL(-utirtoriaw'(Dwt/y, 
ii. 318). n« was pnimoted to bo librarian at 
I^mbelh in 1785, and be is said to have been 
librarian to thfi Duke of Uevonahirf. In 
Jantiarv 1771 bo became ivctor of St. Mitt- 
thew, fridtiy Street, T^nndon. On It .\pril 
1780 li« wu cotlaltfd to the prebendal etall 
of TotT4>nhall in .St. raul'sCathHral (which 
■canned him to vacato his fi^llawshipaL Trinity 
Oollega on Ijftdy day 17sl ) : be ubtained in 
1789 th« wctoiy of St. Michael, Miie End, 
adjoiningColehmt^r; and Bishup I'orteiiH be- 
«tawHl upon hitn in April 17^ thsKini-ciiru 
rectory of FuJhaoj. While drivinj? down 
?forth Hill, Colcliestcr. in Aiigiwt 1700, Lort 
waa thrown ont of hirt carriage, and bi^ died 
from ibe effects of tho acoidimt at Sarilo 
Bow, London. & Nov. 1790. Boswell said 
iJointon, ed. Hill, iv. 2il\ ), ' Multis ilU bonis 
tf'^bitis occidil-' Hk uiarrieJ, in May i7rt;J, 
Stuumnah Xorfolli uni! of th« two dau^hlcnt 
of Alderman Norfolit of Cambridge. She 
Jipd on ."> I-Vh. 17il:J, aeed 60, and wa« buried 
in thr ^nmn vault with her hit.'ibend in the 
chundi nf Friday Strtfi-t, a white luarbk* 
tablet being placed on ii« north wall. On 
the demolition of the building the remains 
w>»rp removH in 1Sh;1 to theCity of London 
c»fmeter}" at Hf'prd. 

Ijort waa elected F.S.A. in 1755, rcmain- 
inir a ricc*president until 17HH, and becanui 
>■.l^,'^. iu 1706. He piibli*.Iiwl litllH, but 
his reading was exteitsive. and hta assiHtatice 
of "ithern wan un-stinted. He printed a 
cminleofiwrninnn < I'tiO and 1770),filiu5din 
i7tA 'A IVujecto couteyniug the State of 

Graiif;er'9'Letter*,'pp.l9-2-fi.407-10. ] 
Kngliah versM from tho Himtulatio 

Uovemnienteof the (InireRutv of Com bridge, 
43 Qoeen Eliaabt-th,' in 1786 Jiad 'a copv 
of the Alesnndrian NVw 'IV-«tanifnt printed 
olfon line vellum,' and in 1700publiEliod 'A 
Short Commentary on the Lord's Prayer.' 
from which Graaville Sharp In 1600 took 
the ob-ierxation!* on the last two petitions an 
ua ap))endix (pp. 15-35) lo his own work on 
Thai subject. John Carter the architect ob- 
tained his ' iir!t insight and encouragt^menc ' 
from him. Some of hi.s innntL-icript livee 
were utied by Alexander Clialiuurs iu bia 
' Biojfraphical Diciionarv.* Granger obtained 
hi« aid in bis portrail-clictionary, he assisted 
John XichoUiii the' Gentleman's Magaxina' 
and in bi« other undertaking!>, and hocontri- 
butMl to lUa ' Arc'hasologia,' vol. ir. et aaq. 
Many letters lo and from him and Ctdo, 
HisLop Fercr, and Horace Walpole are in 
XicboKi 'Literary ADecdaltrSr* i. 070-3, ii. 
606, 67:^-0, V. 467-9. ix. 68. and ' llliutrn- 
tions of Literan' History.' vit. 438-556; and 
there are some letterx and notes from bim in 

dniuias Oantabri^nsis,' 1 748, ou I he jteace of 
ALs-Ja-Cbapella, are reprinted in TsichuU'a 
I ' Collection of Poem*,' viii. ISS-Ol , and an- 
other Knglisli ]ioem by hini i* in Thomas 
Zourh'fi ' W'orks,' vol. i. p. sxxv. The fiivvk 
vernea in tour collections of Ihe Hniv«r»ily 
, of Cambridge (1760-3) which bear LorlVi 
I name are reprinted in Zouch*B ' Works,' t. 
' 375, by n-hom it nppt^rs from p. xxxiii 
j that they were written. Ilia notea on tUe 
j anthor^hip of the ' Whole I'uty of Man ' are 
I in NichoU'a ' Literary Anecdott-s,' ii. 6(f7— 
tlOI, and his vimlicatiun nf IlDracu WaljKtle 
with result toCbatterton is in the'Illustra- 
[ tions of Ijterarc Hi«tor>-,' vii. 656-63. Ilia 
, books wen' enriched with notes and critical 
I obsurr 111 ions. Ther were sold from 5 .\pril 
I to U May 1791, and produced 1269;,. and 
j his prints, whirh were dispoited of on 26 May 
I and six following ilaytt, lutctii^d 40IJ. Hia 
own portrait, {laiotud by T>owttni8n,and tin- 
graved by llawksworth, is in the 'Illustra- 
tinns of Lici-mry History,' vii 43S, Madamo 
dWrbl&y HjK-uks of hiM'gfxKl and ver>' original 

Shysiognumy;' and her sifiter had previously 
escrilwd liim as ' a droU quic.' 

[Oeut. Mi^. 1783 pui.p. 49l,1790pt.i. p^iT, 

pLii.pp. i(w.>, ii09.i70ipt.i.p. a::. i8B4pt,i. 

SIS; Faster ■ Alumni Uicm.; Noteaana QDoriM, 
Gth scr. xii. 107; Nichgls** Lit. Anacdotea. ii. 
{9MI0A, A7S-d : Lysaas'E Environs, ii. S;7-8; 
Malcolm'H LaimI. Ttodirivtim. it. 487-8 ^ Franean 
Buraey'slrlarlyDiary.ti.Sg?; Madamad'Arblay'a 
Diary, ▼. U4-6, l«d; Otnya Works, ed. IM-I, 
iii. 820-4 ; information (rum W. Aldis Wright, 




«q„ of Trinity Oolldt^e. rnnbridgp, an-l trom 
Uie }i&v. EJwwrd Pewoclc. KocMeW Hon**. 
Frame. | W. P. C. 

LORTE, Sir KOfilOrr ( IfWS-KJrtll. Latin 

Ewt, bom in Ui^f^, was ^lUWl »in of Ilenrj' 
arte of Stackptile Court in thu p«ti»hof St. 
Petms, PpniI)Mk'-'?i)iin'. On 3 Nov. ItVifl Ii« j 
in«lnrtil«tii!jit(.)!cfonlfrnmWaciIiRniC»llege, j 
frraduiiUfl U.A.on II Juni.i lttJ7.n»<) during 
the same y-^nr Iwcnme n etudonT of rh" Middle 
Temjilf' (I-'dsniR, Alumni Oion. I-jOO 1714. 
iii.'.tittll. I'^trtn till' ourbreak of till? civil war [ 
liorte aitluil tlm Eiirl of Carberv in promoting 
th(^rovalcfflU«^ in lVmbrok<?shlry» (I'muirs. i 
GrUU'nrinH'ale^AA^]. On 19 April 16i;i 1 
llifi Ifniisenf ('nrnmons nrtlored that he hp I 
forthwilh »<.>»t foe u." iid<'!iiit|u<'iit {CiMi»tont' [ 
Journals, t\i,C>2). 1I^^ wcntually raiwle eub- 
minion, and nSicr attiBt-nt mj^ lo nvrw on the 
Mrlimnftntarv committr<>B for PombrokdaluTe, 
k'-GumiirtLttuHliire, and CunligAn^liire, he waa 
' fiwd from nil dolinniienry, hiu! restated to 
hifl estate and i^iKidN U'fi. in- 'frO). In Mxrch 
164d Lorto ahm(^ witli hM broTli^r Sainpson. 
undertook to \*icTnii) iiU nliipD tlmt arriviid 
Bt Milfnrcl or Tcnhv (f>/. Staff PrtpfrA, Dom. 
1049-50. p. Sil). Ilr was activMly ciiiniK^^d 
a» a inrtiot- of th? poac^or a committ»e man 
until HWt! f/A. ieiO-.->0 pp. 181, 574, 10", 
pp.Ht,l!f*7),hntwhen the Kestonitinn Rp<>med 
iiievi(ahl(« bft hccamo loyal a;riLin and waa re- 
warded witli a baronetcy on 31 Jan. lOfii (ih. 
1001-2. p, 260). He fl(ed in \mi, and was 
' l)iirii.>d in Hi, Petrox ohiin'h (will pnivi-d on 
■i May HJm,n';nft..Tt'il in P.O.C. 14.% Briico). 
tin iBarried, first .by license dated 3 May 16S2, 
IlMter AnnftilfT, daughter of Francu, lord 
Mount NorriB (Chestkii, hmihm Man-'iagt 
Jjfrnrrs, od. roster, w)l. Mfl)i and ftecondly, 
Joan, daufrlilT of Ilumphrev Wyndham of 
Dunravvn, (JUmorcaiishirf, who remairifd 
Sir Hfl ward MaiiM>l, anil luft two Hons and 
four dnuKlitiTs. Hisson John (lC37f'-107&) 
aucccfdrd him. 

In I'UO l/orto published at Ixindon a 
ali'Tidor i|uart>:), now cxcef.'iivttlv ram, Hntillfd 
* Kpiffrnramatiim libt-rprimu;*. t.)f lliifl book, 
which WfioO was iinaUe to find, (here i(t a 
copyin thi^ Hritinh ^[nsonm, The epigrams 
aro not di^^til ul u of point-. 

[Wood'-t .Athriiw f>3on. (BHaa), hi. 832; 
llurke'ii Kxtiuet It^Lronehu^. p. 822; Onrdinvr'? 
Rnp*t*>rM<>rW>ulhnmCt>1l. pi. i. p. "ft; Phillip^i's 
Civil W^r in WiiIm; HaxIiU'o GoUooiintH! and 
Nob-H. 2nd BiM-. p. 3BS.] <i. O. 

■oldier, was sou of U'j(rer Ijorrnjf of CTinU 
(jrave, Bpdfordsliiri', liy fft-iwindm, daiiffliter 
of Ki'jfinahl Pi-rot. He npiurtMtly cnirrr^ 
tlie royal sorvioL- al an early age. Ou Oet. 

1335 bo wu fpranted a petwinn of St., and haJ 
further (H^nt* fmm tlie king on 24 Sept. 
13^S and in 1339 yPat. Ituil. 9, 13, and 13 
Kilw. Iir, ap. Askuolr). Hn fou^rbt with 
di^liuction nt the IxittltT ofShiy^ on :ii Juntt 
1:^40 I Tkoisurt, ii. 2ti^). and was ruw&nlMl 
withtbe honour of knifihthood and a pensioa 
of :iOl. yearly. In l^'J he serrtvi in Brii- 
leny under Sir Wnlit-r do .Manny [q. v.], and 
wUtin the order of iho Ciarter was instituted 
on 23 April 1344 Loryng was one of the ori- 
ffinal kni|ihca, nccupyinir the tenlJi stall on 
the pririen'B sidf. On 23 Feb. \S4o bonrenl 
with Michael Nurthbuixb "o. v.} oo a mis- 
sion to the pope to obtain a aiapcnsatina for 
tile Riarriagri of the Prince of Wales with a 
daufrht«;r of lht> lluko of rtmbant i Fird^ra^ 
vol. iii. pt. i. p.n*^). Lat«r In !hi»and in ths- 
following year hi? Mrv*!^ under Henry, mwI 
of Ilerby.'in Amiitaine. On Hi Dec. IH.TO 
be wa« oao of tW commiK-^ioiiers appointed 
to treat eooccniing the paymonts duo to th« 
king for the govemmont of the Low Coiin- 
trieH ti'A. p. lMiJi. In \'^^^'A lie accompanied 
the Prinucof Waltw to Aqiiitaint^and a few 
yearalttlt'rbecatiwhiachambi'rUun. Ueserrod 
in tho campaign of Poitivrs in lSfiO,and dia- 
tin^iii»bed himself in the akirniidi liefnrB 
Romoraiitiu ou 'I'd Aui;. Aft-er the battle on 
Ifl S*pt. h« wa* s*nt home to England with 
tho nwwsof the victory (BiK];n, p. l-'t^.cd. 
Tliorapsnn). In NoTPmhi^r 1369 f^rynffao- 
ixiinpanixMl the king cm his expedition into 
France, which was followed by the treaty of 
Bretigny on 26 May 1.3H0. He was one of 
the gimrdiniia of thi- tniw on 7 May, and no 
20 Aug. was one of the eammisaiunera ap- 
pointed to redre»« the violatious of il(flM^rtf, 
to], iii. pt. i. p. fi07). 

In I.Si>4 LorvTi); went out to Ar|uitaine in 
Uie train of tht* Prince of Wak-A. He waa 
one of the four knishtfi whotn the prince sent 
to Kngland in I'tlSfi to obtain the king's 
ofrininn on the Spanish cxpediuon, but rt— 
turned to France itt timu to join the army 
at the beginning of the following ytiir. At 
the battle of Najflrn on S April he fougfal in 
the prince's division. LcirvuK wa* one nf tho 
kuiKlits whom the prince di'!>piitcbed at \hp 
end of .lune from valladoUd to Seville in 
order to urge Dnm Pedrn to send the assis- 
tance he had promitoil. In L'ttSi'lie aervMl 
iiiidor Sir Uohert Kiiollea [q. T,"Iin kts «Jc- 

f edition into the Agennia, at the siege oT 
htmme, and in the following year, uodi-r 
John Ila«lin}n. ^i-cond e«rl 01 Pembroke 
[<\. \.\ in Poilon. 

Loryng aubsequenllyretnmcd toKngland, 
and resided on lii.^ ann^Ktral estate at Cbal- 
grave, where, in Kt().0, he bad obtaine<l leave 
to enclose a park. He died on 18 March 



13$&-6, uhI wm buried in Punflt«bl« IViory ; 
Chiircb, of which lie wbh n Wnrfnctor. 
IjaryngtlBn founder) a Rhnnirj' in ('liAl^p^ve 
CTbiircu, »nd contributt^l to building the 
cIoi«i«r It $t. Albans. There is a mininturi' 
representing him in his mbi's as ■ knipht of 
theGarterlnCottoii.M8.N<ToI>.vii.f. UrtA; 
ihU U enpravijd in StruttV ' L)r(?MM«.' vol. ii. 
plate cviti., and in LVItz's ' Memorials of the ' 
ChrtT,' p. ttH. Lorynff marriM Mniv"^'. 
duifchter and heintiu nf lialph lb*ii(i])1o of, 
CinibestoD, I>ev»nHliire, by wlioin In- hud two 
danjrhti'TTi. Imbcl, tlic elder, married, (iisr, I 
Williiiin ('ofi^n.Kiid.setoadiy, Kobprt, lord 
Ilarynijton. and fapf tomb stili fxhxa in Pnr- 
lock Ctmrcb, S'.>tmjrn>'t . Miinnirel. LoryngV 
yotmgcr dftUg'ht'T, mairied Thnm»w Pejrn' 
of Toddinglon, UnlfonUliire. TliniUj^i the '. 
fonner Lon-ng was an anrt^tor of tin* late 
Dnlwof Buckingham, aod through ibe latter | 
of thp Iat4> Ihikv of rioreland and the I'lar! i 
of Sandwich. An allff^ed comin and nnmi*- 
Bi»k* of LorvTif is iot roduced in Mr. A. C'onau 
UirrKs novel 'Tlw^\'hite Company'dWU). 

[Froisart^ Chc*>nicleti. nl. Lura fnrSo«.Hist. 
d» la PmDn; Ficdcnu R«(vtrd ttA.; A«hino!ft** 
Onler of the GaTt«r. j>p. 700-1: BviW* Me- 
mtirials of ttw Order of tiio Out«r, pp. 65-9. ] 

0. L. K. 

LOSDTGA. HKnUKIlT dk (If>.>l P- 
lll9),firKt bishop of Norwich and founder of 
tie catb<>dra] church ,w*^ probably bom about 
1034. CoRftision with hia pr^'decessor in the 
■ee of Thedord, Williitm IWatifm 'rj. v.]. hnj* 
IedWeev«r, Godwin, nnd other Bntiiitinnes to 
gfiT© I^nnnga the christian name of WUIiiun, 
■dS well as alon^aerie(>ofaItemntirede,«!|^a- 
tions (OalfridtU). OnlfAffnft, and H-'tfu^iR), 
■which Wt^Ki born* by B«aufvii. Ilertiert wa« 
POD of Robert of Ijotiap;, who b^cnme nt a 
later dmtv abbot of WineliMt^'r. }le had an 
only bmtber, whose name b<>;^u with '(-i ' (hn 
is M addreaaed in on« of Herbert'^ Mten) : 
his mother's namv is unknown. The sumume 
Loain)^ ha« bc^n explained as ninivalcnt to 
* Lotharhiirian,' and thl^ explnnnlioii Rppmn 
the beat yet addiiottd. Hok-rl l.iO*iiiKft (»A 
lOW) [q. T,], probably it family conno<rtion. 
is deaenbed on bis tomb us of' I.4ithArinKia. 
Mid FlTBftnian alwavH refers to IIt-r)x<rrt ajt a 
LfOlbariniipftn. Another tbeorr, which Fre^ 
man ( H'illiam TtufuM, ii. 56^), seemi»d at 
<ma limo inclined to accept, derirea I.oi?int;a 
fiom 'laudure/and mak^A it n chnracteriAriii 
epithet urnonymoiis with 'a flatterer ' (»e« 
Db KfeutiUT,' .-InWiN^. p. ITO; NiaioLA.'* 
ITABPDnsLD). The nhief objection to this 
th^iry ia that the »ame surname was borne 
by Hf^brn'pi faiher. A third theory oSMiniM 
that Heriiert wfl.% nf Enpltsh birth, and con- 
nects 'I.AAinga' wilh tJie root of the name 

pr*wrved in tb* Suffolk Uundrwd*, Loes, 
and l.othinfrland,and in l.owestoft,fonnerly 
i.oeRlofl. which in itsnlf in the Iluitilrv-d nf 
I-.othinglAiid. fl'Tl>^rl's native place is 
eqitnlly n matter of dinpute ; Uiraldtis Cam- 
brennin gives it ns Exinea 'in pn(ro OiimenBi 
in N'oriuannin* (i.e. Kxm>«, dcjinrtment of 
the Onie ) ; Bart )ioK>mew Cotlou ( Rolls Ser. ► 
itnys ' in papo Ojcyniensi," which Wharton 
wrongly tninscribLMl '(linnieiLsi ;' Pits has 
* IJxiiiifnid,' a TeiTT easy mi^^rending of 'Oxi- 
menei;' Bal"?, hiio»«:-lf a SulTnlk man, (rirt-A 
'ex pajfi^ Uxiincn«i in Sodvol^a' (i.e. tlie- 
SnH'oIk Hundred of Uosne>: but Tanner 
\ nUiluitAeea UritaHntra, p. 4Wi), deel«r«'* in 
favourof'Oxiuienei,' lleroerl'awirlylifecni- 
tlicr*atne«rlyall point* wilh the theory nf hi* 
SuHblli origin. His father, it is true, is Hiid 
nt onA period to have held a manor in tht> 
Hundred of Uoxne. HerlHTt hinwelf ap- 
pennt to hare inherited property in \Vyke«, 
pn>bably one of the hamK-ts of TjHiwicli, Etill 
ciiUed ' Wykes Episcopi." and to hare po*- 
•eeaed othtjr property nt 8yleham : but ibis 
property ia reri- likidy to Imve hoen part of 
the private estate of an Anglo-Saxon holder 
of the hiahoprrc of Klmbam ; and Iletbert is- 
aaid to have received nome land 'nnn drt 
eptannpntu ' but 'de ]mlrinionio Almari epi- 
Bcom,' i.e. of Ai^'lmnrus, tmitherof Stigand^ 
biahop of Elmhun from 1017 to 1070. 

Herbert wnnediicatwl in The monastery nt 
Ftoirap in Nonnniiily. and Ifoame s pro- 
fcKsed memberof the Itenedictine order(rjre. 
]075>. He was elected prior of F6camp, and 
in 10S7-K llt'-rbert waa inviN'd by William 
HnfuM to b-^como abbot of Kiimi^ey. There 
be ruled with skill nnd wisdom, eoon en- 
joying other ecclesiaslii-al preferment, and 
acting n« 'sewer* (or ger\'er) in the royal 

I'jutn the d^-atli in 1091 of William, bishop 
of Tlietfor*!, Herl>ert ptireJiaRpd the appninr- 
menr of Unlph Flnmbard for either 1,JKX)/. 
or 1.000/ llurtholnm''w Cotton nttempts !<>■ 
excuiu Losingn's simony by crediting him 
with un apoftolir admonition. The Me of 
Cnnterhnrylx'ing vacant, Herl)iTt*«eoniiecni- 
tion was ciimmittwl to TI>oma!i. arehbishup 
of York. WTien ITorbert fiucewfled to tlir> 
bishopric the anauni revenue amounted t"> 
aotii, Kn. ftrf. He obraineil at the mme tin'* 
the office of abbot of the Minchetiter houw 
of Hyde for hi.* father. Itobert, preAuniahlv" 
by pw'pchaw fcf. DfODiLu, Montttifon, iv. j. 
2), Herbert refer* in one of his ■ lictt^rs* 
('xix.)to the dentil, in 10!)?', of Itia father, who 
was burie-I at Winchester. 

The king had raiwd Herbert to hit bi- 
shopric independently of the popi>, but, op- 
preBsed by a aettfe of contritiim tor limving' 


■corruptly obtAined pn-rermenttllerbettdeter- 
mini^ain 1004 to visit Kumc iiiorilirrtoresiffti 
liijtulGcn;. At llasliu^'vlit'iiiel William, irbo 
was avr&re of liw eiTaiKl and promptly <!e- 
oraAeA liim {Anytn-^iastm Vkron. ), hut, Iler- 
oprt went on to itomf, wltun* liti f'orniAlIy re- 
sigoed lii» office to Pope L'rbaa and ri;wiv.>d 
RMclution. Ttu'pope at the samp time min- 
statod Hurbort, Brtii consetiti^d to Herbert. V 
propoi^l to rt'tuovv tliu ^tvn irvm. ThetforJ (o 
NorwicU, obviously a more suitable Jioci'san 
■centre. Befoni (lprb*?rt left liomt' tliif |JOpe 
18 Buid to liKvij imp'isod npnn iiim by way of 
penancfi tho task uf erijctiiig various churches 
and religiouB houses ivithin tlie dioceM,iL task 
which ho zeabueily pyrformed. To luin was 
due the erection of X»rwi>cb rathedral and 
tlie parish cburclius of Or^nt Yarmouth (St. 
3f kliolM) and King's Lynn (St, Mnrgflror). 
On 9 April lOW* tht* «ee was furmally inms- 
ft'm'd from Tbt'tford tn X'trwidi. 

A fiuitablw Alto for ths ciitiiedral btiildings 
at Norwich was anon found in mtailow land 
belonging? 1 n thft raarair of Thorpe, known as 
this 'Cowbulme' (thv itiotlern cut bedral clo«e), 
and Th(> foundation-i'toDQ of the catlicdral 
■church of tb« Kuly and Undivided Trinity 
was laid in IfJSt)!, ami furmatly dudicalud 
24 Sept. 1101. Wilhia these five years the 
■choirHndtrfingcpt^werR completed, mcludinfc 
the lower Btotrv of the tower and the circular 
l«dy-chap(d (dt'stmyed liy fire in 1171) at 
the extrL-me uiist of thi; buildiuif (opening 
into the apsel. Iii arm of llerbcrt'd *l.ettera' 
he alludci, with rcfyrenw to th^e construction 
■of tho ciitlit'drnt, not niily to his own ■work- 
men, but ulao to thusi! o^ th« king, and the 
works were probobly carried on iindsr the 
joint control of WUIiatn U, with whom Her- 
Ix'rt had been njcnnniled, luid tba bishop. 
The labour iiivolvi-d was very larj^. VeaMU 
brin^iag quarried atone wer»3 nnwuraaWy un- 
loaded at theHraithc on tho Wt-risuui. wluch 
is in closti prnximily. The cost was partly 
dufrayed by Horberrout of bis private piirsp, 
and partly by contribution!* of the pi^ople 
collect^^d by the tnimks, whom tlta biHhup 
^.'.n^.Tiifi'licnliy etiimilftted to activity in thi^ 
raattt-T. Tllrouj^hout, the bishop's real (jave 
the chief impt'tna. The (rr(.nind-]ilnn of the 
hiiildinjT ii SA'd to resumhlv thai of I'^cainu. 
Both cliurchcs are iledicnted to iho Holy 
Trinity, and thu- anus of abboy and diocwe 
(thnw mitres") nri' iJriitiiral. 

The tnomtstui-y iil Norwich (of which im- 
portant remains still <>xint) was built at the 
«amd limo to accommodate upwards of i^ixty 
monks nf tht> llcn<.'<lictine mrder, who were 
iiTidrT the mln of n prior. tliD first called to 
that otUco l»*-iiif[ oue Iiipulfus. A charter of 
^MUiam II gcaatod to Uorbert c«rtatn ' Uoda ' 

ac Norwich Cadile/ and he miified the 
bishop's tranafer of his Hylebam manor, in- 
cludiue churcli, wati^r-mill, ftiUivry. &c., lo 
Roger Itigiid in 4>xchang« for the church of 
St. Micbat'l at Tomblandl, Norwich, wilk 
othar ailjacaQt powtetuiions, inclildinf^ the 
church o^ Su Simon and St. Jude. Thia pru- 

Sertybarl hei>n settled t>y l{oj;«roo thecalli«- 
ml at .Norwich. In 1101 Henry I granted 
to Herbert and the monks of bis rburch and 
their succcMora the manor of Thorpe, of 
which thF>cathe<lral clow fonn*d a uart.nnth 
nil \\.s a[»iiuii'jnanct<H, (me from all charges, 
with frwe aud exclusive warren both thera 
and at Eaton, near Norwich (cf. Gdclhubx 
and SvMosiis, i. Il.'i, iJ^JO). Ihher grant* 
incrliuled tliu ciiiirchvs at Urtrat Yarmouth, 
Lynn, Si. Edmund's chapel at iloxne, thf^mlt 
works and mill at Gaywood. Tbo btahop 
erwttid the church of St. Ltwitiird in Thorpo 

In 1104 Ilttrbt^rt Initiated a house of 
CEuniac monks at Thetfor<l, th« former s«*t 
of the bishopric. Three ypars later tlie 
foundation was regularly made and richly 
endowed by Itoper Btgod, earl of Norfolk, 
ttctiiiK undtT Herbert's advice, by way of 
{MJiitnEion for hia tmal. ain^. Herbort'« first 
ijimatea ware twelvo monks from Clugni, 
who w<iiv' in all things eutj«ct to the abbot 
of that jiliici'. Witiiia e^bt days of the 
foundatinn cercmonica U(^r Bigod died 
near Norwich. HiTljurt jirmlv resisted the 
onm>aty, not only of the monts of Thelford 
but alsoof Kotrer's wife, that the earl might 
be buried at Tlietford ncconling tobtsttX* 
proitsed wi^b. By Hcrbert'surderRogerwaa 
buried in the cathvdral of Norwich. 

On llie occasion of the removal of the body 
of St. Etheldreda to the newly erecteitchupch 
of the abbey iit Ely, Herbert pTvachod tbn 
wrmoii (cf. Ijibfr Elirtuu). He is also said 
to have at-tended the cnaneil of "Westminaler 
IiiJd by Aimelm in 110:!, mid In have n!i^st(.>d 
the archbishop nt thu cun^-cration uf ths 
bishop* of IK-reford and Worcester at St, 
Paula Cotlitidral. In 1 107 he afwisied at the 
consi-cratinn of live bislninn nt CMnt.-rbiiry, 
itii'ludiujf; U<jpT,highop of Salisbury, thu late 
trcuHiiriT. Herbi'rt aftertt-ardswrotV-toItoger 
couipliiininirol'ill-heullh.nndcravinft lUiffer'a 
aid ill rt'lieviu/ him *it heavy fincal tiunlcns, 
esi^ciallyc'.iiiPir'ctL'd with his manorof Thorpe, 
althoufih tht- king prcJtentfd it to him free 
from all taxf^s. In 1 101 Herbert wa« s«?nl to 
Ilon>i* by the Uin^i, with linbort of Chester 
and Gerard of York, to obtain from the p-jpo 
a dt'cision in his fa\'oiir in his dispute with 
Anti'.'lm resperrinK lay-investitures. While 
Iravvlling turwuj^U thi; province of Lyoua in 
advance of his cotnpauioiu, Ilcrbtirt was ile- 





_ m«d bv the r>rd«r of Count (lUido, who 
Ediar^Ml liiin witlt tlisioyaliy to Aiisiilm, his 
[spiritilttl bt-ad. lie wns nrlciL)ti.*d Oil [»"(>- 
[BlUiii^ to do nolhiiiff derofpitorr to Aaaclm. 
JHucfortb*^ mil •OR) nf bin retainers lie wure- 
lmuK<l tu pay furty murks, lit- Imd de^ipied 
lUus Btouey to furiher un uppcal to the pope 
1 for an ftCKnowlwlgmeot of hia claim to con- 
trol the convent »t Iliiry — a control from 
wLicb tbc Bury mimkit wen* e^eniiit by the 
tenn« of a. enai of I'opL' Alexander II, which 
li&nfraiic liml tvgnrdwl as binding. 

Ht!rb<?n imd hia fellow-arahassadorB rt'- 
pn-i!^-nt f<l tbMt ibi-y ivcvivod at Rome ft 
viffbul mesMf^ fWtm the pope noognuinff 
Htnrr 1*9 pretensions, but Anselm's envoyi, 
-who wpre at Rome at the ^ametimo, warmly 
dieput^rd tlu? truth of thftr report [see art«. 
AvaBLH and Qekabo, d. IIOS]. ]d 1106 
Herbert vainly wught to act lliff part of 
peacemaker between An^elm nnd Tt>onia£ 
(eeciuidiu'), arclibishop-dejiiKiiato of York, 
irho declined to r«ceiT« coRMcmtion from 
Aniwlm, AftpT Anwlm'a death in UUH 
Thomas waa ponsecmted, oiid IIcrl»ert ae- 
atsted (27 June 1100). A ruiiiotirthat Iler* 
bert wa« regarded a» a pon-iibb* iiucceaaor of 
Aw»lr" proved piMindlesi;. Aftcrflve years 
Ralph, bishop oi ICot'lt»st<-r. received theap- 
pointmeiit. In lllo n>;rliert was twice aa- 
aodated with the new priniai«i in the come* 
crmtien of bishops, and in the same year set 
ont for Rome m atlencbince «n the aich- 
bUliop, tcsrther with Hiich, abbot of Chert- 
sey. At I'Uceniia Uerbert was itoiz«d with 
sudden sickne^, and he was obligMl to return 

Herbert held a high posit Ion at court, and 
"WM greatly e-*t«men by Ilenrv'* queen, Ma- 
tilda. Amonfr the bishop's ' Letten ' is onu 
•ddreased to the lallnr (< Herbert her prieet 
of XoTwich'to *tLt» common mother of all 
En^and,' in which he liken-i her t<i r hi^ Queen 
of Slicha, &c.) The hwl acl of the bishop 
was to Attend the queen's obsequies. 

Sptslman in hxf ' Olo^earlnm ' represents 
llerVTraichanrellorin IH14; if so, he would 
have succeudfd Roper of Salisbury, l^ord 
Campbell in his ' IJres of i\ip Chancellors ' 
(i. 54) fpeakg of Herbert os one of Henry I's 
chancellor*, and hv ifl thti4 dirttinfTiiislK-fl in 
the epitaph orvr his tomb nt Norwich, but 
It iniimn ooubtful if he held the appointment 
(fif. GorLBiB.-"; and Sriiosi>s. i. 3:?i' ^ ). 

On ^ July 1 i IH M.-rhm diwi, Sit.diibont 
8ixly-6ve yuan^. lie was interrt'd iR-fnre the 
litifh altar "f the cathedral church, aud the 
onginal eulogistic epitaph ii< preserved bv 
Woerer from the burnt Cotton. MS. B. xiii. 
{AmMeat Funernt Mantimrntf. jip. 787, ic.) 
Ht9 death wae oominemomted by a tolemn 

TOL. IXllV. 

annivurwrv function in the cathedral chnreb, 
of which the formof wrrioei* to be foutKl in 
the Nonvich ' Ordinal© ' (Pwlwr CoUecUoo, 
Corpiw (.'hriati College, Cambridge), a manu- 
script of the futirteeiilh century. A tranftln- 
tjoii is ^iveu by Oonlburn niu) S\mouds (i. 
i6'2). Weever stales thai Mmt- vain atlempta 
wen.^ made to iiavo Herbert, canonised. A 
tomb in the choir, towards ihe high altar, 
known M 'the founder's t^jmb,' was, aocord- 
iog to SirTliomae Browu (Antiquities of tka 
CnthMral V^ureh i>/ XoncifA ), (frcally re- 
duced in height, 'it hi^int; an hindraiire unto 
the people.' Iiater on, Humphrey Pridvaiix, 
one of the prebendaries, vas instrumental in 
restoring the lomb, and wrot(> a long Latin 
opitaph. Altbuugli the tomb hoa been de- 
molisued, the slab wbtch bears IVidcaux'a 
inscription h on the floor of tho preabjtcrj* 
pO!«ibly on the original :«ite. 

Hurbcrt's [^tiaractt^r has ' been rackleesly 
disparaged and blackened,' but simony was, 
to the words of fhomas Fuller, * a fiuhion- 
nblu Ain,' and Willioni of Malmcutbury dilat«a 
upon tho aincL-rity of Herbert's repentance. 
lie was undoubtedly covetous. He retained 
on one occasion a palfrey which had be«n 
mori'Iy lent to him, aiid on anothur occasion 
compIiuDLil of the scaatinees of a voluntary 
mft of fruit. In his relations with his cathe- 
dral, hiii monk*, and hia diocew, H-^rb^rt waa 
dignitied and strict. Ho m said to have bt^n 
pemonally attractive and lo have excelled as 
a preacher and a» a i^cliolar. 

Fourt^m «onn<>tu) by Herbert were edited 
for the first time from a munuacript in the 
univeriaty of Cambridge, with an Bnglish 
translation and notes by Dr. Goulbum and 
Mr. E. M.Syraondf. in 1878. Manyofthem 
arv admirable, both In exposition and style, 
ilia * Letters,' extant in a unique manuscript 
which was discovered by Dr. J. A. Giles 
at Bruaaels, were edited by Mr, Robert 
Auslrutluir and printed in 1846, both in thu 
' Scriptoree Monastici ' and for the Caston 
Society; they were translated by Meagrs. 
Oonlbiim and Symond* in 1M78, in their 
' Lift'.* Tlii'v abound in quaint touches of 
humour, amf are invaluabli- to the hishop's 
biographer, .\ccording to Bale, Herbert aUo 
wn)t« thrw* treatises: (I >'(_>n the Lengthof 
the Ajit-'s.' (L') 'On the End of the AVorld,* 
and (ii) 'A n<wk of Monastic Constitutions,' 
of which all tracf is lost. Henry of Hunt- 
iniftl'in (eire. 1 1.10) n-fi-r* to Hi*ri>ert's work 
' Ue I'int.' Mimdi,' while Thomas Eliensis (oirr. 
1170) meutiuns the »<enuoD, &c., preached at 
Ely Cathedral, which i» now mi.iaing. Mr. 
,\nKlnilb(>r mentitm^ in the |)refiicu to his 
edition of the ' l,t>ttL>pf ' two oilier lost books 
of one Herbert mcntioued in a catalogue of 


manuecripu in cliekbbev of CkmbroQ, but thft . 
authiirnhip i* olairly unccrt-ain. 

[UorthulonjKiile C'oUqd, MonnctiiNorwlconcuv, 
nisbn-in AtifciioanA {a.ii. 149-1396). ti. Lnard, 
1859 (ItwlU iSer.); 'WilllKm ot .Mnliiuaburjr's 
OmtB Pr.niificnm. i. 1S1 fcj. (RiilU S^.r.); Bnl«"» 
lUutCriam Msioris BriruDije Seriplurum Haru- 
mHriiim. I.il8; Alcuiiider NovilU", IHi Fururitnu 
NopfolcWn'iiHin Kutio ducc, I.V75 ; Nk-hoU» 
Horpiftcld's Kixlurin Anglimna l-Iccluaiulicn, 
Dotiay, 1622; Oolwin, De Pnesnlibiis. 1743; 
Fnllor's Wwrlliie". 186-i ; Einrtol» Uorb«rti tl« 
LmingH, primi Kpis^'opi NurwiwiisiB, nunc pri- 
BtDin tdilK i Rob«irto AiHftrutlior (Rraaa»l« nod ' 
Li>ni)<iTi, 1816. Sto); Williain Urrttertde t<oainpL, 
firjil Binhopiif Nrirwich, by the^ Tlov. W, T, Spiip- 
cions (Norfolk Archaology, iii. 140-56. NorwKh, 
l)t.^2); Kiirbnrr ')« Loria^.ui Inquvryav In hia 
Cof^oineo and UirthpU«», hj Mr. 1^. M. Vvlw 
(Nutfulk Arcbmilogjr, viii. it82-302, Norwich, 
I87£»): TheLif«,LMt«n.iincl Sen»>»u«f Bishop 
Uer)>DrltluI/WLnK>i(An, tO50-ll1»), liy Ouul- 
Imrn nad Symond*. M.A.. 2 toIb, 8>"o. 18TS: 
Mnliillon'i AriniUe« 0. S, It.: I'rauiaiiaH Xofmnn 
0t>5<)iti»t, ir., and bis Wjlluim Ifufiu, ii. 2<!8, 
&C.; Taiiuer'n BibliolliKa BriljiDuicm lbs It or. 
Dr. J««aopp's Dioccw af Nonricb, pp. AO-63.] 

C. H. K- W. 


IHUtHirr (./. lIKtr.i, hisliop nC lli-rL>Ior.!. Iik« 
bis predfC<!8sor, Wiillor, and otlior prvUiU's 
liuth imtnudialfily bufore niid 0uht>i:?(| at- nt to 
thu Caiiiiiit;i>t, wuf: B imtivo of Liilliiirini^i'i, 
or tliM Soutbcni Nt-lbtrUnds. llethvit de 
Losin^u [q.v,]wM doulitlt^ss (i relative. -Ro- 
biirt U fljKikeii nf an nun i)f the most discio- 
guislim] »clk(dar8 aiu) men ofaciunu! of UUdAy 
— 'omnium Ub<?r»tiiim iirtium peritiMimua' 
(Wri-L-MALM. 6>.«/ai1in/t/().;{01)— a theo- 
logian, n Uwjor, H nu>t)ib>matici(Ln, i^pucinll y 
pltilled ill aat ix'iioiuy AQd estrulo^j, uud \>vi.'- 
Ming with fTval cn-dit ovor several schools 
in liis native latid ( DALh:, Sr-ript. Tirii. cent, 
xiii. No. lit). H>^ wiui the niil.bor nf wtiveml 
his ubridfftnt'nt {• deflnnitin") of the cbrono- 
Io^cbI tiifjlwt and d is*L'rtati(ms in thp? ' Chro- 
nicle'of Mariamis .Scotua, RCcordtu(f toWil- 
liim of Malmt>«bury (Geita Ponttf. p. SOO), 
' tbo ■bridjniL'nt wa.s tniicb more valuable 
tlian tlin huge and difTusuoripnal.' Ilavine 
cro«iie(l to digland hn bpcamt? one uf the ray&l 
clerks, nncleficui^ I be intimate friomUhip of 
WiilfdtAn^H.v.itbe holv bishop of WorcMter, 
-wliueu clirMea oompamim anu confidniit h^ 
continued to the endoftbt'ir joint \i\-v.»- By 
AVnIfstan Ue was ordaini^d to tlie (irtMtJiood 

<SVM. ]»l'S-KI.M. ii, -.^.tN; I-'loR. Wvi. \\. lit), 

and on tin; nhaiiieful death «f Bishop "Walter 
waa Appointed by William tMllicw-fof Ilcro* 
ford, jind was ronsecraTvd by I.Bafr*uc at 
Canterbury on JQIX'C. 1070. ltobert,UIrotIu.' 

Normoa btAhope fleoerally. at anon Mt about 
burnt ill thi< Welsh inmad nf MVtlA. Acrnnl- 
iuK lo Williniti nf .Malm4-«burr { Oa-ta }\tnl\f. 
p. 300), he tuiik Cliarlea the (.'rftil's circular 
church of .\actien aa liia mndfl. If ao, fai< 
work niiiHt have bef-n entirely d«mnliflh«l by 
in no way from the ordinary type of Xorman 
minsters, InMaylUOSRobcrtwaaMimmoDed 
bv Rufus, with lliB other Knglish biahi^M, ta 
ibe coni>ccration of Liiicols CatkAdnd; but, 
it i«^aclTological bnowlftdgwamuiff 
him tliat the ceremony vould not. take place 
on tbe day named, hp stayed at home, and 
was spared tbe lost labour caiiAvd by tht) 
death of tbv founder, Keniifpus. tXxT^n da-v^ 
beforu the uupoint«d time (>A.p. ^IJI), ^Vbule 
at Ilerefora ItolxTt paid Wulfstan freqaent 
visits at "Wort-estor. \\lien, at ^Vhitsu»tiJ« 
10<i4, Wiilf-iftn fell ill, h^ ^-nt for Robert, 
m&do bis riinfession to him, and submitted 
to the penitential diseipline of the B^wnrKC 
Al th<' begiiiiiitiff of 1095 Robert Tinit^ him 
again, uccotnpanied by tlio ubbota of <tlou- 
CL'sttT and Tewk(i»biirv. and ontMt morv n*- 
oaivtnl hiB oifufuStiion. 'V\*ulfataii's deatb took 

Iliac* on 1 >^ Jan., and the mory w*nl thai he 
lad appeannl in riaion to Kobt^rt, liiddiiifr lum 
Gomu to hitn witliout dulav if bv dtistrml lu aeo 
him once more alive. TVtlntr t In^n enn^ed on 
the king's busintws'iiicunArt^is.'Uouert had 
to procure hia leave b(^fon■ waning. Whilo 
on Ihe jourtiey he ba<l at Crieklode a second 
viKLOu, tilling him that hp waa t'io late, and 
charting him to come to perform his funeral, 
nddiiii^ that he would not be long aftiT htm, 
and giving as canfirmation of hia wards tbat 
Robt^rt would, on liia arrival, be otfvred a* a 
pniiseiit B clonk lined with wool. Robert 
niirifd bis fri«nd, and on n-wnx-ing the fnc»- 
told gifl WH« RLitzed with a sudden tn>mbtin;i, 
and, summoning tli« Worcester monks to iha 
chapti^ishoHsp, related the vliinn and wt-nt 
Iiome, 'his mind Kllwl with a lioly f<'ar' i»A.) 
.4notb*rvt»n»iiiHof iheviaiiJiin'preneiitaWulf- 
Stan 09 tdiarplvcbidini; him for negligence and 
aloth, and bi<)dinghim to set eaniMtly ahont 
ftinendin^ his own Hlb and that of hiit flnck 
if hn wishiMl to nuevi him in lltn other world 
()■*. pp. I'eW, 300-3 ; Flok. Wio. ii. ;t7 ; Stm, 
DrsKiM. ii. L>lV>: Vit. iVI*tan. p. X,!; Matt. 
Pakis, ii. 4^0- Two months after Wiilf'.tnn'a 
dcathiiobun allcndvdthecouucil at Rocking- 
ham, and ioini-d withthebishnps who, at the 
bidding ot Itufus. forswore their allegianee to< 
Ansi'lm. Tbisactofdiftlovahy tohi'-t'crle^ia^- 
tiL-alchii.'f aitpears toliawweigbedheuvilyoa 
tlio old man's conscience : and when AnKclm, 
after an inierriew with the kina at Windaor 
at ^V'hitsiuitidf, atarti-d for Canlerbur}' to 








tiiko the pall frum thu Hltar, I^osinffs nad Uis 
brother bisbop, Osmund of SalUborr, am 
him on the war, dt^lnn^l their pciiitencp, 
«n<l reft>iv(Hl ab^iliition frnm him in a tunnll 
wavsidu oburch (Eadmer, Hut. Avr. «<]. 
Pari*, 1721, iL 45; M'ul. .\UtM. ih. p. Oo>. 
Iiminga died on 26 June lOOo.andwad t)uri«d 
in hix caibAdral. 

Losirif^ ii> n't- 11 spoken of br t he chroniclers 
of the time. Hotence c«ll» Thim 'vir magna 
lelifionic,' «nd the bioynipber of Wulfstaii 
praueshim for unitinifcinfidenpuintheafi'iiirs 
■«f the world with purilv uf life (]).iti8). A 
Imdatorvepiuph in l^tin ele«gtac», Trriltwi 
hr Godfrey, priwr of Wineherter, i« (riven by 
Iwdy i/it-jwripticti Caialoffiu, ii. 7(5). Tlie 
ioUowinj; worka are ucribeUto himbyBnle: 

les p«'r 
';• 'l)e 

anniita ; ' * Ve Sacmmenlii KccU'siie 
Stt-llorum MntihtLi;' 'Dn Liinari ComputOi' 
' MatheiDutictt Tftbulte. fttque &liti.' 

[Tbe lutboriliM eitod : IIorwIcD. t. Hi. U7. 
150; Ooiiwin, l>e IVwflul.ii.fln; WriEhi's Iliiig''- 
Brit. Lit*r«ri». ii. 18. 20 ; Hoof « Lifo of Wulf- 
«tau. A re&KQ logical Joarnal, xx. 9 ; t'rvrtiuw'x 
NormiiB Conqaut« it. 379. 433, nnd Willinm 
£ufiui,i. 312. 479. 480. &33,AS&: OtleV Script.) 

E. V. 

IXITHIAN. Farm and MARQniRKs cip. 
fSes Kbbr, Mark. d. ItJOfi, ErPt Karl; 
Kerr. Wiluam, IfH).'.? Ut7."», ihini Kakl: 
Kerb, Robert, 1C36-]703. fourth Earl and 
fir« MAB<jri«: Kbrr, Wiir.iui, 1*53:-- 
172^, second ^fAiwris: Kerk, Williau 
Uexrt, ./. 1 775, foiirtli Mahquw.] 

LOTHIAN, WILLIAM (1740 178.')), 
-^Thu and biatorian, b<im on 5 Nov. 1740, 
WUKnof (teorge Lothian, aurffeon.of I-Min- 
burgb. After attending fklinburgh Higb ' 
ScIumI be wa* lieenaed to preach in O-tnbur | 
17<J2,atidwa.« ordained mini«t*rof tlipCanon- 
trnlv, Edioburfrb, in AuiruK) 1764. On l.'iOct. ' 
1779 he rwini-pd the dejrre* of D.D. from 
Kdiftbarvh riuTersitv- Jlv died •:>□ 17 Dvc. 
17KI. Hrbi* marriAce, on I l>ct. 17«0, to 
Kltxabeth' l..tjt)kiAn (d. 1815), he had four 
sons and a daughter. 

Lothian wrote ' The Ili-worj* of ibo ITnitod 
l'n)rim'iv of the Nt'thxrland*,' 4to, London, 
17(?0; and iwo MTmuns for 'The Scolfh 
I*rvach<.>r,' 12mo, Ediubui^b, 177tJ, vol. ii. 

[Hew .S«ott'a FaMi Emlfinv 8iN>ti<»ni«. ml. i. 
pl. Lp. ftS : AndwvoD** ScotUah Nntioa. ii. 693.1 

f a. G. I 

EOP, .Itill\(rf, l(>-/i>. uidependent diviue, ! 
fir»i oppcnni a* p«!n>etiuil curate of Ejiorron, 
"imt. lie n^tiifneii li in Rare, rwnonncd hi* 
,aiHl in ItS'Ji or lUiU succeeded Ileni^ . 

Jacob [q. r.} aa paalur of tbe independent 
chnrch formed in 16IU in Soutbwarlc, Lon- 
don. On 20 April ltJ;S2 Tomliiuon, the pur- 
((uivant of Ijiud, bistMip of l>otidon, made a 
raid on the eonirr<_yal ion, tbun assembled in 
the hoaA>< of Ituuiphrer Uaruet. a brewer's 
clerk, in Uluckfriara. 1 ^Lhropp and forty-one 
miTDibera of bin flrN*-k won^ 8■:•lXi^d, and impri- 
soned in the Clink and other gaols for twir 
yeara, when al I except Ixir hropp were rtflea«!d 
on bail. During hia incjtreerationnsplit took 
plocu (1083li in bi.'i church; thojk- who defi- 
nitely denied thu r$lablti<iiment to be a true 
churt^h, and rejected infunt baptism, went off 
uiidfr tbi' luadershipof John Spilsbiiry. I>oth- 
ropp petitioned in itKIl for liberty to gotnio 
foTf-icn exile; thia was grantwd on 34 April 
to '.fohn I^lliropp' on hia eivin^j a boni 
Ilf' awnia. howevur. to hare delaywl hia d»- 
parture.ond to have reorf^niaed tbL- meulinga 
I of hi« church, which wa* joined at this criwa 
: by William Kiffin [q. v.] On 12 June 1034 
order wa» if'*'''" l>y tlie hlg-h commiasinn 
court that ' John Lotlirop, of Lambuth 
>Iar)ih' (§0 pwid by Waddinfiftoa. but in the 
Calendar ofSlat« E'apen, Dorncstic, it la read 
; 'Lathrop'), bcatlacfied 'ifhe appear not on 
I tlM o«xt court day.' As he did not appear, 
order was ^ven on 19 June for his attach- 
ment. Tbia wa» repeaLil on t>ct., when 
the name of Samuel Eaton Ui. v.] was in- 
t'Iud»dintheorder,andon Ittl'tV I93.»l^th- 
ri>pp and Eaton were ordered to be committed 
for contempt. l^}tlir<Ji>p, however, woe by 
tUi» time in New KoRlaud; he had .wilni in 
the Griffiji, and reached Itijftti^u on 18 Supt. 
1884, accompaniml by thirty-two laenibem of 
bis ohiireli and many others. He wait flUC" 
ceeded at South wark by Ilenrv Ji^-wv 'q. v.] 
in 1637 ; till then it is' pn>bQfjle that t^aton 
ministered to the floek. .Nt^al, who makes 
John Canne fq-v.] the immediate Huccewur 
of Lot hropp, has introduced coitfu^inn into 
thi- whole narrative by mijtakin^ I^othropp's 
cliurch for another, which met in Deadman'a 
Plare. Soiithwark. 

Ilaviuf,' strict notions of church fellowship, 
fxubropp did not stek to cnmmunicdtv witn 
the Ito-itonpuritanji, with whom he was not 
in mcmberi<hip, lli(nif;b h>i applied for per> 
miuion to be present at the ordinance. Hia 
flrsv aettlt-mrnt wa« at Scituate, Ma«aacbu- 
sel Is, where he ministered foratK>utBvcveara. 
lie removed ( 1 1 Oct. 16:J9) with part of hia 
church to Bam«taplo. Ma<>HachuM>ttN, and 
ministered thcr>? till his death. Ue died on 
H Nov. HI.W. lie wa-s twir«' married. By 
bis first wife, who died during his imprison- 
ment (1*532-4) iu the Clink, he luid a nu- 
merous faPTitly ; he bronjHit with him from 
England four sons, ThaniaB(raptain of militia, 






killed in buttlu u'illi Iiiiliiiiie> iienr Deprfieldt I 
Mdcft., 29 Supt. 107-J), SmuuuI, Jouteph, ftnd 
BtJiijaniin. All fottndcMl fntnUics in New Kng- 
Innrl, Two ilaat;liti>r><, Jane luid HnrbaruL, 
were miLrrii'4 iit lli« time of his d«ntli. By his 
aeoond wife, who Aun'ired him, be bad two 
son*. Bnnubss sud John, trho also foiiniU>4l 
fiinnli*'.'*. His will UOrealpmiiertT in Ilarti" 
Htnplu, auil imrsouatly valuej at ~2L I'&t.fuJ. 
He had a rcpiitalion for IcAmin^, mid is 
descrilwd an 'studious of poacc, u livti-ly 

>Iu|iiib]it>1it-duot1iiii|{: but his manuscript, 
'An Oritriiinl UeinMer/ S'lving Ein acount 
of Ilia wurk iii .SritiiuU- mid Jturui*liipl«, was 
einiiloyB'l l>y TliomnH Prini^a io • A t'liroiio- 
Imgiiml Ilislory of New Euglaail,' Dustoti, 
IVyy, l;2ra<^, vol. i. Twoof Ijothropp'slplters, 
dalfd I^cituatL', 18 Ffb.and l*H Sept. Hi;JS,are 
prinlwl in tho • MiiigraphiL-al Mt'mtnr.' 

I^tliro|ip .■"pcUed liis name thus. * Lathrop' 
(found in Wood) waa ailopi^d by the di?- 
scendnnU of his van Sumufl iiTitil the prc^nt 
century; tht-y (>"■ some of thum) now write 
' Luthrop/ a ibria UM-d by his eldest son and 
othtfr deftcundftiit^, and fnnnd in Ciitton 
MathtT, Morton ha« ' Uiytbrop,' which 
repreewnts the New Englitnd ]jruaiiiiLiutiLin 
of ■'Lathrop.' Neol, Crosby. Wileon, and 
Brrmk erroneoii.'*ty adnyi 'Lalhorp' from 

[Diogriiphienl Mrtnr.ipof thr ]{rv, John Ix>lh- 
ro|ip, liy liiHK'^^^l-R^i'dnun, Jnhii LntliTop.U.l}., 
in cnllrflidnBnf Mh^-. Hi<,8i).\ ]8I 4, 2nd trr.i. 
183 Sij. ; Cal. of SliUc F'apora. Doui. 1634 ; Moi^ 
ton'i! Scw-EiiylnncfK Areinnrijtll, Jfiflfl {»iv «l»o 
note* in Buaton r«priiJl, I6SA); VTood'ii Fn«li 
{Bliw), i.'lSS; C(fttuuMntlicr:>Mnt'niiliiiCtLrii>t,i 
Amrricana, IV^J-iiii. 3: dili-kiiiv'ii Concinuaiion, 
172". i. 413; 'i:TO^^■y■- Hi*!. <^f Kugl. HApticit, 
I73H, i. Hft; WilfiOD'H UiBseuting L'huHies of 
Lf>iidoa, ISOS, i. 40 «], ; Hroi>|['s hivts of tho 
PiiHuitiM. IHI.'J, iii. IGSfiq. : Neala Uiat. uf the 
TuriUns (Totilnin), 1822, ii.a4Dwi.; WiiddiiiB- 
toii'.iSurrfyCiJiJgregatioiialllist. ISfiO.pp, ISsq,; 
Doxtcr'n rfingi*f;iit,ion.Ji»jii [IHUftl, p. 119) 

A. a. 

LOUDON. [See LomocB.] 

1M4), iTifjdical writer, a native of Scotland, 
was horn in 1801. By IS^<( he had become 
a nK'Uilier of tin- Rnyal Colh'pH of Surfivoiis 
in London, uikI lu 18lf7 ^raduatt-d M.l>. at 
OI(iii(p5W. []i.: iln.n istiibli^hfd himaolf as a 
|)hya)t.'tan at LcamiJiKton, find in IH'M was 
appLiinl^d ouRof tU>! rityiil commi.K^ioiierisfur 
ini'mirinf; into llie empluynient of children 
in factonf!'. IkTeiirLd iiboiit 1H4I tol'aris, 
Trbcrn he died (in -' Feb. IMl. About iSiH 
hv ninrri'-d Mssn Ityves of Caalle UyTOB, co. 
i.imcrickr but bad no children. 




I/iudon waa author of: 1. 'A abort In- 

Huirv rnio thi- principal C'-atiBts of th< nneuc 
ce-tutlul 'iV-rminatinn of Ksiniciinn by th' 
Cunivu,' 4tu, Lotid'jn, 18:^j. 2. ' A practical 
Biaae-rtation un the AVaters of Leaminttio' 
Spa.' 8to, Ijeaminaion Spa, IfS-W; 3rd edit, 
18SI. 71. 'Thf Kpiilibriumnf Population nnd 
Suf^t«nlLncu dL'moiif t ntltKl. shuwinj^, oa pliy— 
aiolo^ical and atallsticid pround*. the niiNtni 
of obviating the fears of t-htflato Mr. MoIlhTK*/ 
8vn. I ^^iiti ngiou Spa, lH.*k(. -l. 'Solution d 
Vruhlunitt di> la Populiitiua «l de la Slllwi 
tance,' 8rOj Paris, 184:J,« ditferent work fw 
thu fonnor, 

[Loadon'a Worlu; C!«nt. Mag. 1844, pt. 

p. fi57.] G. G. 

LOUDON. JANE (IfiOr-lftSS), horticiil- 
tunil liiid iMii*L'oUa»i:'on4» writer, waa ban 
at KitWL'U IlouMi?, near Birmingham, in 18l>7. 
Her fiith€r, Thomas Webb, died in 182 1, ani 
(indinjr it nenea.'inty to earn her own livdi- 
huod. Mi** Wi'bb wmti>''rhL' .Mummy, aTule- 
of ihi-' Twiinty-sfcuud CenLurj*,' a rumaoce of 
the future, contnininc, amoBp other things a 
qiiaai-prophetJK accouiil of the steam iilouf[h. 
which may iinvi- ftirirMhedsoiiMiof tht.Mdca»or 
Lytton's't-'omiufi Kace.' TIub whs publtKbRil 
in 1827, and q copy of it falling into the 
111 .lobiil'laudiiia London [q. v.], he not onl 
piiblisLodat-amuiL-ndAlury nijliceof it in oi 
of tht> jaurnalB which hf then edited, but 
nought the flcqiiaintanceof the writer, vrbotiL 
he ftupprirted to he a man. Tliey rai-T. in Fi 
bniary 18'J0, otid witu married on 14 
in the eame Vftar. Mrs. Loudon frefjuwit^ 
acct>m]>anied her husband when on journtMl 
crintiM'ttHd with his profession a<a iandsca 
gnrdvniT, and i-\n' acUd as hia »u\v aiuauuH: 
sia. \\'hfn Loudon woa encumbered wirb 
debt, dup to the production of his '.'Vrboretum,' 
Uri-s. Loudon W-pan to wrilft hntjinicJiI bi>ok» 
of a po|HiliirL'haniL-ttT. In 1841 Mn^. I^iiidon 
pulilislied her most Kiitceegful work, 'ThoH 
Liidios' (jompanion to the Mower (.iarden.'offl 
which morp tliiin twenty thniipand coiai's were^' 
fold, chi) ninth I'dititin [ippt-aring in 1879. In 
184:2 she began 'ITii* Ladies' ilagaxine of 
liardoning,' which wan, howeTer,soon diacoD- 
tinued; nor v/asi 'The Ijwlies' Compnnion,' 
Isw-l.mopf Micci'.**fuL Afy.LThcirbu»bii.nd'>i 
dt'ftth in 1843 .Mr». Loudon n?cvi\'ed a pension 
ol' 1(XV. fn>m iho t'ivjl List, and puoliahcd 
numerous workf), most Iv ho rtirultural.beaidcti 
new edit ions of t hose of^herhuj-band. Sbedit^ 
at l'orchc8ter Terrace, Bwvswater, 13 July 

fTer chief works are : L' Prose and Vorw,' 
18^1. l:.'uio. 2. 'The Mummy, n Toie ofj 
thf Twi-nty-jifcond rentury,* 1827, liJmo, 
which an octavo edition appeared in 1672^ 






^ 'Storieeof ft Bride,' lt>21i, l:2ioo. 4. 'Con- 

'TOSAtion* npon ClironoloKT,' It^^iO, liraii. 

•6. * Aifnes. or I)ip Litt1i> fiir) wbo cotild kut-p 

hnr Prorauw." lJSai», 12mn. 6. 'The Young 

NatuniUsfi Joumty.' Ir40, 16mo. 7. 'Tbo 

i^tps' Flower Oimlcn of (.hiiRmeiital An- 

nuab,' Ii^O, 4t<i, 8. ' In&lrm-liuiis in Oiir- 

•denini; for I^i««>,* lK40,t^vo. 9. ■ Tlie Ivies' 

•Compuiion to the Flower Garden.' If^l , 8vo, 

■alrraiav mentintiNl. 10. ' The LaiIj.-*' Rower 

•flanlcii of Bulboua PUntV 1^1) 4to. 

1!. 'The First Bouk of Botany," lt4l,l?mo, 

•of which a new edition by 1>. Wooster w»» 

n' lUhe'l in IH70, in Sxo.' I'J. ' Brttanv for 
im,' l«42, 8vo. \% • Th« VMr.B..oli of 
-2««tural nUtorv for Youiitt Perwrns.' I^^42, 
lOmc 14. 'The Ladies' !■ lower Uflrden of 
Perpnni8ls,':;vols.4ro, IMIJ-1. 16. '(Tlimjivw 
•of Nature dtirini; a Visit to the I«lr of 
Wight.' 1M4, Iflmo. 16. •British TV^ild 
Flowers,' It^U-fl. 4to, of which an edition 
'trith cciloi)rt>(l plntpfl wiMtMUod in 18-Kt. nnd 
another, illu«tnil<^'d bvll. Not-I Huuijtlireys, , 
'w««begTiii in 1K.*,6. lY.' The Lady's Country , 
-Cmnranion, or llow^ tit Knjov n Country 
I.ifi' liRlionallVt' lft4-'i, Hvn, wliioh reaohL>d a 
fi'Urtli edition tn l^MS'.;. 18. .\ memoir of her 
iiU!itiAti<l, prefixed to his 'iiclf-lnstructinji ' 
fftr Yoiin^ Onpdi-nt-'rs,' It^it. 19. ' TaWs fur 
VounyPt-oiiIe" (_t-dit«ii. lfi4tJ, I6m». 20.'The 
Aiualirur Clardent;r'« Cali-ndiu-,' 1647, 8vo,of 
-which subMqiiont edition* have appeared. ' 
:;i. •Fortsfmm the World of Nature," 1848, 
**ro. 22. ' Til.' Indies' Flower Wardwii of 
<irwnho«»e Plants.' !S48. -Ito. •2:i. 'Th« 
Knt*Ttatnine Xatiiralint.' of which a third 
edition by W. S. Pallu' appeartKl in lHtt7. 
*4, 'Domwtic Pe(#,' IKil, Hio. 2.i. 'My 
oviiGsr(len,or tho Yoiuig Gardener"^ Yeat^ 
Book,' ISM, 8T0. 

[Cott«|:« OudcDcr, ix. ^i^9, Qtou Hag. 

ssM, ii. ais-i o. a b. 

'IS4;{), landirApt'-^ardt^er nnd hortirultural 
wrili-r,»'iuuf a fonnt^r, wai< bum at Cambus- 
lang. I.anark»)tirp, b April 1763. As a child 
be princed fnttdneM for ^Tdentnjr. and was 
It^nl' to lire witli an nnrle in tMinbiirgh m 
onlvr to obtain a good ediiralii>n. He luade 
rapid profTM* in drawing and aritbtn«tic 
orercame ao initial diMikp to T<, and look 
•eopiona notes on botany nnd rhi-mistry, illnit- 
tiut«dwititcl4iTcr peu*and-inl<Hketcuea. At 
fourtf^u be wan Apprenticed to a nursery* 
-man and landscapo-f^rdener, hut continuwl 
to attend ela»»i?w. niltinp up two whole nighta 
-tn ererrwMlc to pnrpan* for them. At this 
jirrind m acqiiirwi a knowledge of Frpnrh 
<aud Italian. |Mtvini; hL4 touchers hintftidf by 
the proceeds o^ translations which he mado 

tor an Kdmbiiiyh publiebiT, and for many 
yeara he k^pt n journal in French in order 
tci familiarise himMlfwith the Ian(iuBge. 

In 1H><'{ l^iidoQ cnine to l/indon. whtMV 
be readily obtained vmployuKut, and in tbo 
earoe year nublisiicd hi< first eiiay. ' Obser- 
vations on Lsvmj;-t>ut I'uhlic Squares.' In 
1806 be was elected a fellow of the IJiioean 
Society; butinihegamcyBarheh&danattftck 
of riiftitmatie fov<T, which diMbled bini for 
two yiairs, lenvitig bim with an ankylnaed 
knee and a contracted left arm. WbiJe ou- 
valescent he lodff«l at Pinner, and wa« im- 
jirfWMsd hv the inferiority of English M .Scot- 
tish farming. lie accordingly penuadi'd hia 
fat her to join him in taking a leastf of Wood 
Hall, near Finacr.and published a pemphlot 
entitled * An Immediat*- and EfTecttinl Mode 
of U&irtin^' the Itt^ntal uf thi> l^ndud Pro- 
iK>ny in Kaglaud.' In 1S09 he rent«d the 
liirgB farm rfTew Park, Oxfordshiro, where 
hf. took pupils in afrriculture, and by 1K12 
be had made n profit of l'>,000/. Hl> then 
threw up his farm, dismissed his pupils, and 
stnrtcd on a (^nntinental lour, apparently 
with tJie view of studying Earopttan methods 
of fiirmiuj; and ganlentng. llv visited Oot^ 
tcnburp. Memcl, Berlin. Itiga, St. Peter»- 
hurff, nnd Moscow, which ne rearhed in 
March 1814, following; tht> line of march of 
the Fivncb anny. On lus return to Hnsland 
he found that his investments had failed, 
and hii) fortune wrh gone. After asliort in- 
tert'nl, however, he again went nhriud, viail- 
tug Fnuic« and Italy in iHl^iX), and making 
pn'paratinn for his • Encyelopfcdia of Gar- 
dening,' which first appenred in |r<2:^; it bears 
little trace of bis foreign esperiences. He 
knew the wants of tbd class for whom h« 
wrote, nnd his judicious compilnlion prored 
aueceesful. It was followed ui l^^iA by the 
* Encyclopetlia of Agriculture,' and in lJii9 
by the * £acyclo]ML-dia of Plants.' 

In 1820 his right arm was broken : it waa 
badly set, and in 18:^5 woa amputated. 
During these years of pa'in he actiutred the 
habit of tftking Uiidannm, gradually increM- 
ing the du«e until it rvacbiid a winoglasaful 
every eight hours; hut after the amputjttion, 
with characteristic decision, by gradually 
diluting t ho doM'*, he fn»d himsilffrom the 

In 1826 bp began to publish the monthly 
*Gardener*it Magniine," which he conttnuca 
topdit until his death. It was for some yean* 
very suc4vsNful, nlfording him an income of 
760/. per Biiniua ; but ita circulation declined 
inl8;!l afterthe appearance of Paxton's' Hor- 
ticultural Re^iuer.' In IH2H I^udon liad 
bt-gun the ' Mopuine of Xatiiral History.' 
In 1631, after superiuteudiog the laying out 




of the Binniiifctuiii Dotuufml Gardca, Lou- 
dm Bade a tour with hi« wife through ihe 
LdikMand SooiUnd, and wa* enti-nuined at 

{labUc ditmen at Avr and Kilmamuck ; Wt 
14 wa« MiddcnW nvmlkd to I^imLiio l>; th« 
fatal JIlneAsofhla mother. In lt>33 ha bwsn 
the compiUtioD of thc'EnffjciopndMof^it- 
tagv. Kanr.and Villn ArcliittfCtBrp/tbBfirrt 
'vork that lit: put>lisb>-d at his o'tira risk. It 
ira« iMoed in the following T^r. u>d its sno- 
caH led him to bfcui tbt.- publication of his 
nofit Taloable. but [«cuniarilj dtn«lroiu 
work, the^Aiboretum t*t I'mtic^^tumBritan- 
nicum,' tn monthW parts. la March 1^34, 
be fslabtii'bfd th'i * .Vn-hil>.-ctural Magaxine/ 
in which some nf Mr. Uuskiii'ee&riieetMnys 
■ppeutd, aod iu 1836 the 'Suburban Gai^ 
dtfuer and Villa Oinpanion.* 

lit us fora «lmrt lime bewas act uallr editing 
five montlily ptibliratioos. At thif. tbf most 
laboriotu p«nod of his life, he frenenUr took 
no food betwwn a wven o'riock brvakfiut 
and ail eight o'clock diunt^-r: during most of 
the day'a interval bv waa standing in the 
open air directing the dratishtanten employed 
for thn 'Arboretum;' and oe aflenrardaeo- 
gagd in liti-rarv work until two or tht^e 
o'clock in tbu moraintr- In l^^) bv sold the 
vorui, and in ISSd be gare up the 'Arebiteo- 
toral if af^adne * sud comph^ted tlie 'Arbore- 
tum,' tiiiding himH<lf Midulvd with a debt to 
hi* printer, stationer, ami engmver •->( lO.OtXtf. 
The 'Arboretum 'and or her works were placed 
in the bands of Miwra. Irf^ii^inRU on tM-half 
of bis cr(tditor&; and, in spite of th(.> fad that 
hischronicrlieumatisra had pptduced a swell- 
ing of hii» still' riglit kii>t\', and bad rpndensd 
hsbIssb tbi' Itnunl) and Iwo fiii|;>TS of bio re- 
maining hajid. Louiloii t^umcd work as a 
laodscape-Kanlener, n-hilu two nf lii» sist«cs 
learnt. wi'>iid-en)^Ting toaraiat him in hia fu- 
tutt! jmblicut 10118, and nia wife Iwgao Co write 
botanical works on hor own account. I'nder 
tht- wUilAil trwMnt'iiT of "William Luwrfrnv, 
Iioudnn'fi health iiiiprovad, and lietweeti iJ^y 
and 1^41 h4; laid ouitlbe arboretum pres«nted 
to the town nt IVrby by Jo*c['li SlruTl, his 
moat imp{)n4tnt work of thi? kiml. For a 
fow months in IS-IO be arted as editor of tbe 
'Gardener's Oaxfttte,' and, witb hiiwift-^ and 
dauffhter, in th<> »nino yc«r mado a trip to 
Pans toexumini' i^LTtuiiiftlirubsiu tliv Jurdin 
dea Planles. In the fullowing; y^*!". after 
the opening of tbe r>erby garden, tbtiry made 
on pxttmdiHlBfimi-prori'iisinnnl tour to l^etla, 
Mnncln>«t)tr, Livi-rpool, Paisley, and ^5l^ln- 
ra«r. At I,ei<(]e Luudnu Ml ill, and wtia laid 
np for six weeku at Paisley; but at Caftlle 
Kpnnedy, n^-nr Siranrat^r, lit' dirsrtetl the 
layiiig<out ul'Lurd Stair'ft grounds, and then 


relumed linmt% vigitin^ his friend Sopwilh 
at Xewcutle on the way. In 1B4^ he vw 
attacked with inflammation of thelung»,aiid 
went to Brigbton, and to various place* in 
DeTonsbire and Cornwall, for tbe benefit of 
his health. Ilis work on the layinp-out of 
cemeteries, published in i d-W, cTt-aied a de- 
mand for hia aervicsa in a aenr direction, and 
while •uffcring from « («cond ntlark in that 
year ha snparinteitded l be makiug of a cnD»- 
t«r^ at SovthamptAn, iind visited tbe lole of 
Wiirht and Rath for similar imrposea. 

lie had DOW reduc^td the d«bc on tbe ' Ar- 
boretom 'to 2,400/. ; but had incutrod further 
liabtUtieeof l.:?00/. inpubli>«biuK the ' Ency- j 
donedia of TT^i>ea and Shrube (Its4:i), aaj 
abridgment of thu ' Arboretum,' and an edi-] 
tion of Uepton'a 'LAndscap^s^aidening.' 
One of his creditors became bankmpr, and 
his aKii^ees threatened Iioudon wiui both.' 
bankruptcv and artett. Ilis fttren^tb, how- 
ever, wa« failing and hix body waMinir away 
with chronic bronchitis; but, lhou>;b con- 
fined to two rooma in bis boiue at Forches- 
ter Terrace, Bayswater. from 16 Oct. lie4S 
Londoo allowed himM>tf linnlly any r^t in 
order to free bimM^lf from debt. AVitb llutt 
, end in view, he published an 1 Dec. an ap- 
peal to the public to purchase S.'SO copies oT^ 
tbo' .\rboretum;* on tlm l;itb be didatedlfl 
his *Se!f.[nslruclion for tiardeners' to lii»V 
wifeuntil miilnii;}it,and on the l4th hadied 
in bi£ wife's arms, while actually staoding' 
on bis legs. He was buried in Kcnaal (ireeiiifl 
o^metery. Loudon is commemumted by alfl 
^iiii!i Loudi/Hia, deftcri)>ed by Lindley, and 
an oil portrait of bim by l.innell waa pre- 
sented by subscription to tbe Linnean S<v 
ciety. ' 

iJoudon marripd in li^!10 Jane, daughter of 
Thomas Webb of Birmingham [we Louiwiw, 
Jase", and left one daiiphrer, .\gnefi. In ad- 
dition to tbe works already mentioned ho 
publltiht^il, among others, ' A TreatiM on 
K>n«Lnirand .ManmringCountnr- Residences,* 
■2 vols 4to. 180a; ' Maiutal of Cotlagw Gar«J 
deninp and Tluabandry,* 1630, 8td ; 'Illu»^ 
cratgt>n.« of Landscape-Gardening and Garden 
Architecture,' 1830-3, fol,; ' llortus Britan- 
tiicus.' lyao, 8vo, of which Mm. I^udon 
iBfliied anoliier edition in 1850 ; and ' Hortus 
LignoauK Loudlnenais,' 1638, 9vo. 

[Colliign QanlrDrr. v. 143. xx. 255-9: 
cepdings of Linnoon Socioty, i. 201 ; Ciafdeiiera 
Cbronidr, lB-14 p. 7. IS*5 p. 75*; Uif, by 
TAn. Loudon, pn>fixtHl to SulMiistriietton fur 
OArd«R«r«<. 1841.] O. S. B. ^ 

LOUDOUN, EiBLS OF. [See Caupbhll,]! 
John, 1608-16H3, fir*i Kari.; CAJH-uiu.t,'^ 
Htreil, rf. 17.11, thinl Kari,; CUIPBELL, 
Joiiy, 170.i-17tt2, fourth KaRL.] 

on M 




flcul[>liir, tx)m in ItOO, WM son of ■ small 
fftrroer al GrwnhcaH, tu^rUrxham in Norih- 
umberland. Uu wasHpprunticwl tu a stone- 
aiutcm [wmt-il 3JarHhall, and aA^nrards 
workod u an omameutal scultitorand buildt^r 
at Newca«tl«.M>n-Tyne. Tliroiigli ihe fnenii- 
flhipoftlKt captain nf a cuUiur LouKli<''''^>t>'^ 
k mv ptuny to London. Here Im Atudii'd 
tlu Elgin Durbles at the British MuK'tiin,iind 
mi beftiandbd b; tbt- pninler It, It. Hnydnn 
[q. T.l 

In }^C2G Lou^h exhibited a bas-relief, ' Th« 
Death of Turnus,' at th« Royal Acadfiny, 
and obuiining a coiuini»(i(in (mm the Duke 
of Wpllinfton, pnldut^<!(ltwu ataliK-^for liiin, 
• Milo' and • Samton.' In 1827 l.ongh held 
an exhibition of ki)iwnrki) in London, whicti 
atlTUfftrd wnni-' anvnlion, mainly tbrouph tbi' 
efforttiof Ilardon. HcM-nt a i-lrikintr prroup, 
•DuncanV l(ur«e9.' to the ItoTal Acftd.^rny in 
IB;W, and in IKU went to Kotne, whoiv hit 
Mudiiyl for four yeare. On his return he 
fotind (iti.-iitj' of vmployount, and executed 
■osu important works, such tm the Ntatue of 
the queen in tha Royal ExchanfrB(lt^4A), llial 
of thf jiriDce ooa#ort at Lloyd' s { 1^47), the 
oolo!>&al status of iLu Mariui* of Hastings at 
Malta (1*18), the coIo*«al bronw statne of 
Oeatge Stephenson at Nbwcaelli>,tbo monit- 
nent to Southey in Keswick Church, and 
other important monanwnta or portrait bti»t« 
and Btatue«. He was given in rhi; Dm in- 
•lanoo the connnisaion to execute the lions at 
the bwe of Nikon's monument in Trafalgar 
Square. Loueh was patronised by hie t'ellow- 
countrymanSiir Matthew Whito KiHIt'y,and 
. brMr/MitrhclI Henry of Straihwlein Aou«e, 
Itutland t tntf, Lf^>udoii, b-nU of whom pO«8«M 
Biany worita by him. Soren of liis statui-H 
-wvreat the n'reat Exhibition in 18>''il.Rnd 
mve fiiTounibly noticed at the tiinv. LoU{^ 
Vodtad In a broad, powerful, and ener^tic 
•tyle ; but owing to lock nf retinement hi^ 
"woritsbave not sustained thmroni^inal repu- 
tation. He wMafamiliarfigHruin tlie^civiy 
of hi« duy. 

Looeb niani«d a sister of Sir James Pagi-t, 
■ the well-known surgeon, and diod of bron- 
* chitia at bis rKsidt^nce, 42 Harewood Square, 
Itondon, on 8 April IdTti. 

[Kad^ran'a Pirt. of Arttfts; Timaa. 12 Apil 
1879; Ckaontand Iltiltoo'i Artivis nfthe Nmo- 
toanlb CWntary : Men uf the KciKD; iafunnutlOD 
froB OiNVce Scfaarf. Mq., C.E, F..S A.] L. C. 

[See HtntBes, Edwabd, d. \b7S.] 

LOUQHBOROUOH.Ifliuw. [SeenAcr- 
I isa«,H(nii'Hr,rf I'irtT; Whdhkkhukx. Alex- 
ASSEB, Earl of Rmsltx, l7,Si IbOo.j 

descvndfd fmm an old Wvhdi familr, was 

oltttcd follow of All Soula' (Vilkgp, (Wford, 
as of founder's kin in 1 &o8, grsdnat cd H.C L. 
ttJuly 1558, and proc*^lrd lUM-, 19 Keb. 
1004-6, lulling in the m«uuiiin4>bittii collated 
to the archdeaconry of Tot npii,i I IVb. l5iil-2, 
and instituted to the Dcvonshiro rectoritis of 
Si'wkleigh Pomeroy (I5til), Avetou GifTord 
(I'lO^), and AldringtoD (1M3). As prolo- 
cutor of the ckTgy at tJio dioctw of Exeter, 
he signed the artich's of religicm drawn uii in 
l.Wi-3; but dinapprofbd of the ' six articliw,' 
and WAS opposed to any change b'.'ing madi' In 
the prnvyr-lKiok. He waa t'lectfd prtui-ipal of 
New Inn Hall in I5(U; was appointed recina 

SrofiWHuruf otTtllaw,10 Jan. ioO>l~o; and on 
.5 Feb. following was admirted a nii^mlier of 
the College of AdTocuios. Hi- was one of t ho 
rlispntAnis bpforn Queen Elizabeth on her 
visit to Oxford in September 1566. Ue re- 
signed the headship of Now Inn Hall in 
1570,and waa ano of tho ohfiinal ftflhiwH of 
Joeita College on its foundation in the follow- 
ing year. In 11^72 he was relunted to par- 
liament for Pembroke. In 1574 he was ap- 
point«d a maaterin rhaTicer\-, and on lOMny 
1575 was re-electi*d to the headship of 
New Inn Hall, which he held for the onauing 
five years. Ho was otie of the visitoreof the 
diocese of Qlounstpr, nndi>r a cummissiou 
iasued by Urindal 14 July 157tl, and in May 
1577 was appointed official of the conaictorjr 
and vica>BetMral in spirituals to Edwin 
SondTH, ardibisbop of York. I^nuiflier mar- 
ried feliMbelh, grivnddaii[ihter of .lohn Raa- 
Iikll, the nriitler, who uiJirriL-d a sinter of Sir 
Tb'.>mn» .More. He died at Tt^nby iR-twern 
3 and HJuiie 15Sn,leavinganbuir, John,and 
at least threo daughtera. 

pVat«r's Cheaters of Chioheley, ii. 714; 
F(>stBt"s Alumni Oxon.; Wocls Faali Oxoa. i, 
164-5: AtliecinOxun.i. 131; Ann. ed.Oateh.TQL 
ii. pi. ii. p. 867 ; R«K. Univ. Oxon. {Oxford Hist. 
Soc), i. 237 : KlinlPelhna Oxford (Oxford Uisi. 
Soc); NicboU'w I'rojir. Elia. i.asO; Coote's Cat. 
Kngl. Cir.p. 47; Lp >eT«'s Fasti. Gccl.Angl.iti. 
SI 1,M9; Strypo's Ann. fol. i. pp. S27. 889 ; 
Urindiil(fol.].p.'il2: AnhiTMOf AllSoola'Coll. 
1877, pp. 130-1; Cal.StAlarMpcrv.Doni. It47- 
16S0, p. 307 ; Haydn's Book of Dinnitioa, «A. 
Oekerby. p. 396.] J. U. R. 

LOUIS, SiB THOMAS n7.*.y lK07l,ppar- 
adtniml, a native of Exeter, bum lu 17&f>, 
entered thu navy in 1770 on board the Yly 
■loop with Comniander (Jmliam, fmm which 
in li71 he was moved into the Southampton 
frigate with Captain .Tohn Macbride [«. v.} 
In 1774 he wa» in the Kent, and in l/ift in 
the Thetis again with (Irahnm, ai that timo 
acaptajn. (In 18 July 1777 he waa promoted 

to lie lieuteiwnt of the Bienfnisant, kgvo 
vith Macbridtf, and in her was prvsent in 
the act ion aff I'ltliatil ou '27 July iTTH; the 
Climvnal cruise of 1 779 ; tin? deft-al of Laiigara 
vS Cape St. Viiictint ou 16 Jan. 1780, and tli« 
COiu>C(}iicnt rnlie-f of (lihraltar. Loiibi waa 
oppoinl'tHi iirizivmujtliT of tbi; Fliienix, l.hfl 
fwaninli tlagisblp, wliicli Imd struck to tlie 
BtenfaiBanl, with instructions to take ht-r to 
Gibraltar, a task of gri-at diffirulty, in hvr 
mhiMated cuuiliiioii and in ttlonny weather, 
but ho Wifdjr coxrivd it out. Kuducy theu 
mre liim an actiug order, ils captain of the 
Phcetiix, to take her to Englanrt. Tht' c-om- 
missioii wu« not rfinWniiLHl, 8inl Kouis re- 
tumiMl to tW liienfui^aat . IIu wtia still iti 
her when, on 13 Auc, \7^), sho captured the 
Comti! d'ArlojsnH'thfl (lid Ueadnt" Kiosalu. 
Ill Jfinimry ITS] lie tullun'od .Miu-hride to 
tho ArtuiK, and <jii 9 April was prijuiyttfd to 
command the Mackwortli, nrmed Tt^s<il, t-m- 
ploypd during the y*«ir in the iirot«!<?tiun of 
the cf^HAtiD^ trnde. I le wa» atterwarda rt>- 
^Ifitio^ captain, on the impress service, at 
Sliiio till he was advanci'-d to p(>« rank on 
SO Jnn. 1783. During; thi? ]temiv hen'msinwl 
on haLt-pay, residing at Torbav; but in 17^ 
he was appointed to the Queoec frigate, aa 
fiag-CAptAin to Mnt-bridt.', now a renr-admiml 
and comniandur-in-chit.'t' in tin- lAiwoj;. IIu 
afl«*rwaTda CL-mmimdeil the Cuuberkad, and 
in 1794 the Minotaur, In the ^uudrou under 
Kt'iir-iidmirul Ocorj^- Mrtntugu , <j. v. J Ihiriiiff 
tbu following ycaraihuAIinotaiir was attached 
to the Chauuel fleet uuder Lord Howe or 
Ixird Bridport; hut towaH? tin* <^nd of ITS" 
who wiw si'ul to join thw ML-dittTraiiiKin lluet 
tht-n »fi CiiU'it, mid wan one of the ships 
under Captain Thomas TroubridffB [q. v.] 
which in Juiirt ITl'K r*»inforcM the small 
»|UudnMi unilor Hir Horatio NrUon [q. v.], 
and wou ihu battlu of the Nilu ou 1-^ Aug. 
On that. nii;ht tho Minotaur anchored next 
ahead (if llu- VauKUanl, riiid aiipjujrted lit-r 
ID ft mnniiLT wliioh cidled forth tlio wsrme«t 
praiseofXi-lBOu. Thulalterhad jual received 
• Sfvote wound in the hirarl, and at the time 
Irolteved it to be mortal. 1I« dfsin^d Cnptuin 
Berry to hail the Minotaur and tt-ll Ijouisto 
come lo see him. IIo could not die, he tuiid, 
till he hrul thatikcd him for his conduct. 

of XeLion diirini; ITHH, employeii in the npe- 
rations on the coaat of Italy, and c^Hwially 
in the reduction of (.Jai'tn and (,'ivita VVcchia 
fcf. NicoL&B, lii, -i'V^i), for wliicli ttprvicu tho 
Itinfj of Naples conferred on him ihe order 
of St. Ferdinand and Merit. .\ft«T the burn- 
ing of the Qnwn Charlorre in Morch IJ^OO, 
liOrd Ki^itlt huisled hh fla^ on hunrd (ho 
Jiiootaur during the aiege of Oeiioit [ae« 

Et.PHi3tero.vE, Obokoe Keith, V^jbcoittt 
Kbith]. Keith afterwards moved into the 
Foudmyant, but tlie Mitiotuur continued 
under his command, and was present in the 
operations on tli« coast of £ffy)it in 1601. 
In 1802 IjQuis returned to England, and was 
placed on half-pny. Ou thi' n-uitwal of the 
war he vns appointMl to tht- Coiif)iiHror, bat 
was sliortly afterwards, 23 April ISIU. pro- 
moted to bfi rear- lid mi rat, and with hiii flag in 
the Leopard. coiiutmndtKl oft' Itoulo^e during 
the year. In March It^CI-j \iv waa iwot out 
in the Ambuftcado frigate to join NeUoa olf 
Toulon; be then hoiat«?d his flag on board 
the Canopus of 80 k"'"*' (Ntpohs, v'l. 374), 
and took part, in thu cha«t< of the allied fluat 
to the \Voat Indies and back. Still in xbb 
Canopus ht- was. in tlctjil>i>r, with the fleet 
off Oadis, and was fent with a detachment 
of alx aliipe to fill up with water and frenh 
proTision,* at Gibraltar and Tangier. The 
nigljt befori' ho U'ft he dined with Nelson on 
boanl the \'irtnry,aiid nn taking leAve,said, 
' Vou are eeiiding us awA,\, mv lord; tbe 
enemy will comi> out, and wc nhiiU have no 
sham in ibt- buttlt>,'to which Nelson replied. 
* My dear Louis, I Uave no other means of 
keeping my HceT compk'te in prorisiona and 
Wftier out l>y (sending thorn iu ilrtachment^ 
to Gthrultar. Tht^ eni'my will t-ume out, and 
we dholl fi>iht them, but there will be tinie 
for you to gel back first. I look upon Cano- 
j>us as my right hand, and I ik-nd you first 
t-o insure yntir being hE<re to help to beat 
tliem'(i''&. vii. t$;t/j.) The news of tbeaiialupa 
being at Cribniltar, however, reached Vilt»- 
neuve ou thu iHlh, and w(l« uppan_-ntly tbe 
datermining cau&e of his puttmg to sea on 
the 19th; outhe 21iit the battle of Tra^gar 
was fought in Louis's absence. 

Iu NuvenilKT the L'imu]iiis wa» one of tbe 
suuadrun left bi^t'ore Cudix undvr Sir John 
Tuomus Duckworth [<\. v.], which went with 
liim to the Wi-sc Indieja, and fought the bnttlu 
of St. Doniingu on Feb. IHOli, a brilliiuit 
piece of service, for which Louis, as socotid 
in command, waa rewarded with a baronetcy, 
and was presented by tlm committee of tno 
patriotic fund with a va»>; VHliie<l at 300/. 
From tbe West Indlt-s Louis, still in tbe 
Canopus, joined Lord CoUingwood bofor© 
Cadiz, fimi in November was detached, in 
cnmmaud of a »m&ll st^undnan, to cxamiuu 
thi!' defences of the Dardanelles (Ja-UKS, it. 
S14), OS n preliminary to the forcing tbe 
piuutn^ by the Bquadmn under IJurkworth 
in February iHOT. On the return (Urougfa 
the Strait on 3 March the Canopua waa 
stmck by «omi' of the huge stone »iuot fired 
by the Turks: bvr wheel was carried away, 
and her hull much damaged, but alie bad 

oaH'tdrtwrnt^nwoundi-d. 'DiL-iHiuadrijuaOor- 
wiLrtlj wtnl on the cuaat of Egypt, and was 
ieft by Duckworth und^r the command of 

atiU. Hut I^uis died on board th« Canofan 
1 17 Mbv IK)7. 

l/)tu« marrit.>d in 1 7&4 JacquettJi, daughter 
-f^ Samuel IWlheld; sht>dieilin 1^:^4, hbvii]^ 
isaait three diiugtit4>r!i and four Aons, t lie eldest 
•of whom, 8ir JubuLoiii^, thu v'.-cmU baronet, 
■died an tdmiral in lP03. Tlw «e«ond sou, 
Matthvw, was a colonel in the roval artillnrj'. 
Id Uie earlier navy liiitn, in wnirh I^iuib's 
uamt; B|i|w«rsai a lteut4*[iuul, it Ift t>>pelt l^w U ; 
bill wMher he himself m wroio it 'a doubt- 
ful. Aa ft captain he certainly vrrotu it Ijuuis. 
A miniatiin*. belonfpnr to tlie faniily, woa 
2eot to the Naval ExJiiltitiou of Ibdl. 

[Naval ChitML (with nti engravod portrait), 
XTL 177 ; Oeorginn Eta, ii. -VH ; NicolaM** IVa- 
Daleht* and LMtn of LokI ^Altton, tnq. {tm* 
iadex lit the end of roLvii); Juddc-ih Naval 
Huc.<«>]ic. of 18fiO).J J. K. L. 

painier, bom in 1802, was o nifmber of a 
large lirm of brewt^rs at Norwich. He wiM, 
bowerer, devoted to art, and ffp^nding his 
«pare time in landftcnpc-painting, attoiocd 

EMt mtcellcnoc in that art. He is said to 
re bad IcMcnu from John .Sell Cotiuau 
{q. r.]. tod biivorkB »how a careful study 
of those by John Crome aiid Darid Cox the 
rider. He especially t»rcellpd in river-view«, 
though he diu suioe good architectural druw- 
iogit. Many of his beat pictures at« of 
•OQDory aear Cromer. Hv aim uaiul«d much 
«if tbeeoetwiy in Wales ami YortctOiire during 
]u» Munmer vacations. Iliit iinidicatioii; to 
hii^ bu«ineM caused bim to Im* little known 
ouEj«idv Norwich, ttiouHi \iv wa» an occasional 
«xhilHlor at the Royal Academy and Itrili-sh 
Inatitution in Ixmdon. la Norwich, wht-re 
he wan a prolific exhibitor, bii« works wtr* 
nud) a]>pn-eiutod. A wuter-colour drawing 
livhimulFniniUngh&mCftAtlciH in iheS'iulh 
Jvctuington Museum. Loiind died of apo- 
plexy at his potidt-iw.'e in King Street, Nor- 
wich, OD 18 Jan. 1H(!1. 

[Badgiare'a Diot. of Aninta; Norwich Hev> 
KWf. 3S Jas. 1861 : Ubol Uag. iei}l. pL i, 
fk4S8.] L. 0. 

IXJUIIDRES, HEN'RY dk (A 1228), 
Archbishop of l)ubliii, wad arcfauMCOn of 
Stafford in the early port of the n^gn of 
John, and won frwfiieiitly eicplDy'-'d hv thnt 
king in public affiiirs. Townrds the dose of 
2^1:^ the archbishopric of Dublin woe con- 
lerred on him. In May \'2l!i bv was an at- 
-taaling wiuiesfi to tlie execution of the in- 
tftnuiMsnt of fealty from King John to the 

pope, and in :ha following July ht> received 
the nppuintmeut of justiciary or viceroy of 
In-lantl. lln wan at HujinymtMli! In June 
]:^iri, ut ihu dt'livurv of 'Mat^na Charta,' ia 
the nreamble to which his namd stands se- 
cond among thotw of the councillors at whoM 
in^tanc'-- that clinrUT wiut granted. In l:!18 
bu aL-tvd an one of ihv dckynle^ froiu John tu 
Pope llonorius HI., by whom in thesiicceed- 
ing v«'nr he was appointed legate lo Ireland. 
Ari?lihi«h<i[iHi-nry'»^ntRrt'c[aBnin onlheolfico 
of justiciary in Imlund in 1^19, and evinced 
much energy in connection with both eccle- 
siaslical and ci%"iL alTaira thi-n;. A aeries of 
ri'ioi iai ions for ecclf-sinsrics of the diocefie of 
Dublin WHS jiromiilf^ted by him. lie iili^ 
remodel led t lie conittitut ion and amplifle^l tho 
pesouTtes of the cuthedrul of St. i'utrit^k, 
Dtihliti, and his arrangemenla were ratified 
by n ]>n,p«l bull. IIi^ le^iratine powers tcrmi- 
iialeu in l:?i'(J, but he continned to act as 
juiitidari' till l:?-M, when thi< olftcu wiis tniii»- 
fem^d bvthe king to William Marshall [q^. T.J, 
earl of f'embroke. 

Archbishoi) Henry was present in I2i*fi at 
thu opening service of a new cuthtidral at 
Saiiftlmrv, on the conititulion of which ha 
had mixfelWi his arrangements for !^t. Pa- 
trick'^, I hi blin. .^.ijtndate orju.^liciary Arch- 
bithup Ilunry was ouctuionnlly innbHrnuowd 
in vindicating the rights and prapi^rlieH of thfi 
crown or of lits see against llie clnitii.4 of the 
citixi-n!( of Dublin fcf. Oll-BKBT, Ifutaty 
of Ihf I'ierroffs of Irtland, and Facsimiles uf 
S'aliundl M''iS. of IrfJaad). TIih nnma of 
'&eorclivi1lein,'spplied tothearrhbi»1iop,was 
saidtohA%-oonginHt<-d in adiKpTite wilhaome 
uf the tenants of hia aee, wLut^tt leiiK(% he at- 
tempted to burn, lie died in l'22fi, and was 
interred in the ailhednil of Christ Church, 
Dublin, under a wonnU-n monument, (if which 
no vet-tigi? remaiiiL^d in thti i^rly parL uf the 
seveutL-enth centurv, 

S^'vpral ecclaiiastical instrumimta executed 
by him are extant in the •('hiirtularii-s of St. 
Mary's Ahlpt-y, Dublin,' and vim ' Kegielur of 
the Abbey of St. Thomas, Uablin,'prlnted m 
the liolU Serii's, lH*yl^ U. An ancK-nt draw- 
ing in colnure of I.oiindre» ii» reproduced in 
* FacKimiles uf National ilSH. uf Ireland,' 
pt. ir. 3. 

[Credo Uihi, MS, ; ArchivM of Soe of Dablin : 
Ware de Pnesulibiu Hib^mis, 1668 ; MsMn's 
Hilt, of St. I'nlrick'H Culheilral, 183S: Kot. 
I.iit. Claufl. ; Patent, ct Chan. )83X, fi, 7; 
Thvioer's V>t. Monum. 1664; Gilbert's ilist 
Vi>?eroys Ireland, 186A; Iliht. and Muoicip. 
Di'mrnVntH. IiwUnd, 1870; Iliit. M88. Comtn. 
lOth Kep. App. v.] J. T. O, 

LOUTH. 1-:akl of (d. 132S). [Soa Hx^ 
vixuMXK, Sib .Tons.] 

Loutherbourgh 154 Louthcrbourgh 


JACtJI'ESt l)K i^irmirili'), jiftintfr and 
Royal AcadiTnieiiii, bom at KuhU iil lifr- 
many on ."11 (let. 1710, wm desceiitltd from 
A Polish familT. HU farlier, a itiiuiiitunv 
paint^T of Sinwbiiry in Alrai«"<>, was poiiitir 
to tbo court ut I>Brinst»dt. itiii) iliL-d in Piiri!< 
In lT*J!i. Thft «lder Loullierbourpli iiiKiKlt'd 
biflKm to become an t>tigiu'H<r,buI tiittmoilit-r, 
wtiownune wn.^ Cnthi-niin Itiiriii! Ili-tt7,(li*- 
signed him for tin* niitiiittrv of tlitt l.Dtburao 
cliurch, and whh that prof*?*-ioii ji» vi«w bo 
was ediicatvd at thf trollcgaof SrnislKmrjf. 
ilia lore (ir|miiitin}f was. Imwfive'r, all-|>ovrpr- 
ful, and reaolviiic to iidoi>t tlio profwusion of 
an artUt he KCc^ived tue tirHt Ihawim in art 
frora his father. He then titudied for h tliuu 
undt-r J. M.TinchlM'in thit e)d4>r,ajid on comlitg 
to Paris Ijvciiuin h pupil nf Carle Vnnloo, and 
later of Franci* Casatiova [<j. v.] In 17(53 
and t!iB following ytan he uxhibitcd ninny 
pictures at the Snlnii in Psrin, luid quickly 
eaiaed ntputv as a pninter of wild romantic 
Mndsoape in the style of ^fl-Ix-Binr KoAa, of 
bBttle-pieceii iu thut oi Wuuwltuiuuh and 
CftsannvA, and of paritoral landiic&pcM iji thu 
maniipr of N, Jleix-'lH-ui. He also was suc- 
CMsftil in Kihl» mihjf'OTa ami pnrtraila. t>n 
33Auf^. 1787 hi- wiu! rlL'ctrd a imind«>r of I li« 
Acadfmie Hovb-K ht^forr-hi^ hiid attained iho 
pivsL'nbL'd u^u. Didftxit highly extolled his 
■work, and WiHo rim onfn'<i>'i'f hus dt'!»(rrilx*«l 
Iht" Rnthiit^iasm with which ha wiib nns.'ivcd 
intJ» the Aemli-iny [ sty I )r«*rEri , i>« Artule* 
I^amttud rJ^tranyfr). UeLoutlnrbourffwaB 
married in Paris on 10 Jim. 17tU Ui ilarhe 
BurUt, hv whom he had tt\x fhildri'n boni In 
Paris. AtltT inivtflUnK in Switterlaad, Ger- 
Eoanr, and Italy, l>e l»iirherbourg came to 
England ill 1771. Hi« wrvim-s wi^re at once 
8ficiire<l hylinrricli n§i:liief do«i^MtT«f stn-uvry 
ut Dnii'v I.ane Theatre. Li tUi« lln» Oe 
JjOiitliiM'nodrff was without a rival, and the 
care with whirli hu inndt-llt'd anil 8f.iidi*>d 
vtwh (h'taiL, dnd the idiill with which he 
handled the illiiminntion, rendered his Bcenea 
roa! wiirka of art. }['iii first fiir^nipf was in 
connorliiin with rh« 'Chrii'tma.'? Timi,'wlii<;h 
Vina prodiiCLvd at Itriiry Iiiina Tht-nlru on 
27 I'ee. 1773. Tliis snectacnlar j>Uy is said 
to have been by llnn-ipk hrniii^lf, and it in- 
oiigiirnted n nowt-ra nf ^^ne-paiiitinp in the 
thealn- (cf.<JEXEST,v(rrtiii«^, v. 400-1). He 
also assisted Garrtck in ii total rcfonn of 
theatrical costume. He quarnOled subsE^- 
quently with ftarriok's ^iiceeMior, Shoridan, 
irlio wisLud to rediict^ liii^ r>nlary of ■''•00/. a 
year. His Inst speiiic irtorta were nnder- 
takra for 0'Keeir»''» itanloinime nf ' ftaai 
or Ubesa, Queen o( tliv 8andwifh Iatand«,' 

with coetuineti, &c., from sludiiis maAe oa 
the spot by John Webber, K.A.[o. y.] Tb» 
piece wa« itmduced at Covoni < larcleii 20 Dec. 
1785 {ib. vi. SW); BAEBa, Bivy. Dram. ir. 

On hiB firtt arriral in London IV Louther^ 
boitrji took A faou«e at 4.'i Titchriclil Stri-wt, 
Oxford Slrtwt, and livwl there for twelve 
vests till 17d3. ne 6rat exhibited at the 
Itoyal Academy in 3772, and wa« theoce- 
fnrwanl a fn'^itiont cxhihitor, nendiaff overa 
hundred and lifty pietun-ji in all. lie mta 
elected au avtociute of the Royal Academy 
in 17^0, and an academician in 1781. 

In 17K:i he planned and mnstnicteil an 
ingi'niouA «y»toin uf moving {MCtures within 
a proftceniiiin. which, by aclever disposition 
of liffhta, colourwd gauzes, and tlie like, imi- 
tated atmoiipherio enecta at different tiiue^or 
tbeday. This.wlJch he called the 'Eidophu* 
eikon,' h« exhibited with mtuic to acconpaoy 
theniavonient«ofttu>picttires,nnd the display 
attracted a niimitroufl audience. The paintfr 
Oainsborouffli wk« deeply impressed by it. 
8o {NipiiUr wa.4 the exhiliiiion that when D«t 
IjuutliL'rhuurg was prusocuLvd for exhibiting 
bit) fiyctem without a mui^ical licenw, tlur 
jtiatii-ei» b'*fore whom the case came at once 
gmiitf>d him the licence without inBicting- 
anv penulty. 

In'liis3 DeLoiitherhoiiTy reriisired Swit- 
xerland, and un his relurn Bi-irUd for the iv 
mainder of his life at HammersmitLTcrrtire^ 
Chi^wick. He soon devoted himReir to 
mysticiNin, the attempt to diwmver the philo- 
sopher's stone, tind other absorbinff pur«uiis. 
He becwmo a believer in t'spliontro and 
Mesnier, and, fallinj;;' under the intluenm at 
the prophet Richard Itmlbera [q. v.], I10 
claimed for himself and his wife (probably 
bis second) the puwer of ]»roi»ljo<?y and of 
bealing disejUMu; by prayiTand faith. In 17^ 
a list of curea effected liy Iheiu was puhliehf^ 
by a. fellnw-beJievur, .Mary Pratt, under the 
title ' .\ l.iN.t of a few Cures performed by 
Mr. and Mrs. I)e Ixiutherbniirgof Hainmer- 
pmith Terrace withotit Medicine, by a Lover 
of the l,amh nf liod." .\n iinHueceiufttl at- 
tempt at tiealinf; on ihiiir part oxposod tbem 
on on» tweasion to the vinience ol a rioluus 
mob <^TitORyBL'KT, Old nud New London, ri. 
WfiJ. In 1 1 SW Dfi lx>uThrrbntir(t,aceompnnied 
by (rillrny, was gi-ut fmm Kii);land l<i follow 
the Duke of Vurk's expedilioa to the Net ber- 
lands in order to make sludiea for a paintiuff 
of the 'Orand .\tniek on Valeneiimnea,' In 
the foUnwiii); yt-fir hn nrranp'd a sjiecial ex- 
hibilion in Lundun df liio ^'at )>al lie-piece, 
'Karl Hnwe'n Victory on 1 June 1794; il ia 
now in Oreenwieh Iloapital. Dp Louther- 
boui^ di^nl at 1:1 Iluuiuersmith Terrace on 



11 Morcli \t*\'i, aud n-an liuntnl in Clilswick 
churchyard, whew thoT* ii» a lunminif'nr in 
him fivt^ij^eii hy .Sir John S^huu, mid U'nrini; 
■D inscriutioa oomprHied hv Dr. ('. J.. Mooilv. 
De Loiittterbourg wu lugbly respected in 
[irivate life. 

1)6 l/iitihvrbourft's land^e&pi's and murine 
suljjectB mn cbancteriied by roioantic feel- 
ing, uid, although ther hare a teadencr to 
Dta^^iteiui, arc wlinlly iVee from vuljriirity- 
I lilt (u-JiiiHirilaiiO' with Alpine «o-uer>' mid 
his kiww k-d^ o( th« continvQt gvniTBUy did 
not impair hitt admiration for Liigli5h land- ' 
■cape. A seriesnf eti)rnivinir!)>iia4jiiBiint of 
KitKlisfa scenery, frtnii dnwin^ In- htiii, wa(> 
publiebed in 1901 uudur tiiu titk* uf 'Pio , 
turatauB Scencrv of Great Britain,' and a 
■eoond and trimilar art was i^iii-d in I^O.*). j 
His larjnt hattlcr-pii-o.-^ and I'cvnt-.-t in ibe 
liT«A of MJodiiti excilt-d tho admiration of . 
hisconrfinponneA. The former include ' Ad- 
miral lluniran'a VictnPT al ('aoipenlowR,' ■ 
17^7 (engraved by J. Fuller), * Knrl Howe's 
Victory on 1 June 1794' (^engravixl by J. ' 
Kitilwr), ''ITii? Litndinffarth'-Uriiisli 'IV.Hips ' 
in Egypt, IWl ' icngnred bv L, Scliiaru- I 
iwtti), aiid ' The Grand Attach on Valenci* ' 
«nn.^undi-r th*" Diikpof York, 2ii July 17St3* 
(tmffmvwi tjy W. Hromley). E»trly oxamplts 
of IV Loiitlu-rbnurK's painting an? to ba ai«t 
with in pro\-inciAl ftallorics in France and 
inpriTati»co)lM:tionsin England. A ' View 
in CumlMjrland,' foruH-Hy in thi; Wrnon cd- 
Iwrtitin (finifrared bv W. Kiohanison ), i.i now 
in the Xaiional Gallery, and n 1aiidacap« by 
I>cljouthorttoiirfr haj*r«*iit!y bciuipri'Acnti'd 
hy Mr. Tatv to the 8outh Ivi'iisiugtim Mii- 
eeura. I^rawings by him are in (be print 
room of the BritL'ih'.MuR*um, together with 
m collection of his «{chinff«, moat of which 
he produced at an L-arty ast« in hitt carver, 
and they include some burleaqoe pieces (for 
8 catalojpieof hia ftchinga see Bai'dicoub, 
Prinlrv firai-rur }-'ranfmi\. IV Louther- 
buuiy^D ftrrvicra were bIm> lart^vly employed 
inbook-illusiraiion. He drew many of the 

Elates ari<l vi^nelte« in Miicliliii's ' Iliblc.' 
lowyer's'Hi-norTfif KnjjIand/IiiOra'Ilntish 
Thrsire,' and Mmiiar uurkK. Ili^ [lortrait, 
drawn from a miniature by J. JHckdOD,ll.A., 
w*» engraved by U. Meyer fir Cadell's *CoD- 
tempnrary PortraiiA.* 

(SMlgnre's Diet, of Artista : Jal's Bid. Crit 
de Kagraphioi dandbj'o lli*t. of Uid Boral Acn- 
demy: Biocmpbio Oea^xalp; SlagoaiB i^c^clo- 
pM'ilBe.Tbt. ir.i DoMieux'iJjeA ArtiatesFrKn^ia 
a r^trui^'vr . Mnrietla** Abecedorio; Chebiia- ' 
tietr'* Arehirrs do I'Art Francis ; Itellier il<> la 
Cl)«rigiuni> » |JJction&«ir«<le4flrlifetMdtl'l>:ole 
VnMi^uam; Naiilrr'a AllAenuiiiiis Kiinalltrr-Lr.xi- 
hm ; Baodicoar's Pciatie (ir.itijnr Fnofnii ; 

LibtaryoftbiiflBDAna.t. 327; FauUmi'r'a Hnt^ 
of HiitnDiersmiih : Faulkn^r'sHi-Cdf Hiviitf.tni, 
ChiHwick, and lalowgrth; Afagoziiie of An, Jaiiu- 
iiry 18a6.| L. C. 

lO VAT, Lord (16fl7?-l 747), Jacobite in- 
triguer. [See {''raseb, StMOS.] 

puritan minister, boru at Cardiff. Olamorfcan* lOlS, was the vnungen aonof Chria- 
topher Love, and at foiirtwn years of ago 
wa,i converted by William Erbury [q.v.], 
I he independent. The father disapproved of 
his religioiut Impreasions, and apprenticed 
him in London, whereupon Ertiury and 
Mni. Love sent him to Ujuord at their joint 
e<[prni!>e. He entcn'd aa a poor scholar of 
New Ian Hali under Dr. Rogers in ,Tuno 
ie35,andgTaduatedB.A.:.'Mayli]3i). Wood 
says be waii iccuRtomed to o^cond tlie pulpit 
of the cliurcb of St. lVter-cn-tbe-B«yIy aC 
Oxford, and ' hold out pruting ' for more than 
an hour. On the other hand, hiii wifu d«- 
cbrea that he was ofl<.'u brought into the 
biahan's court ' for hearinp uf semionB.' Ho 
was tlM first tor4:fu6o subecriptiunto Ijind'a 
n«w canons of KMO, and although allowed 
to proceed M.A. on 26 March 1642, h«> waa 
expellad from congn>Kation. In IftSD ho 
prooeeded to Londun on the invitation of 
sbniff Warner to set as chaplain to his 
family. ner« he met hi» future wife (Mary, 
daughter of .^falthew Stwiie, formerly a mer- 
chiinl iu London), who w».s elm iihenH"fl 
ward. Subsequently Love receivvd an in- 
vitation to become lecturer at St. Ann's, . 
Aldersgale, hut was for three years refused 
his allowauw by the bisliop of I..ondon be- 
cauM! be bad not been ordauied. Declining 
epificopal ordinaiion, he went to Scotland 
to sent it at llie hand^ of ihf prvsbylery; 
had decreed to ordain only t hrue who t«tr led 
among them.' IIh refused ' larp* offere' lo 
etsy in Scotland, and on bis rvtum to Eng- 
land, about 1641. preached ai XewcaAtle 
' by invitation ' before the mayor and alder- 
men, when he expreaeeil himHelf wi freeir 
wainst the etrors of the ilouk of Common 
Irsyer, that ha was conmitted to the com- 
mon gaol, lie was subitequently removed 
to London on a writ nf Habftui Corpus, vh-aa 
tried in the king^s bttuch, and na^ acquitted. 
About the outbreaJt of the civil war he 
ppjflolial as a lecturer ai Tenterden. Kent, 
on the Uwfulni^A of a defensive war, nnd 
was accused of treason, but be wasBOC)uitled 
and recovered his cost*. Shortly afterwards 
he WM» miide chaplain t^o Odonel Venn's re- 
giment i&i/fili/«T«, I>ora. ItML', p. 37;J), and 
when \enn was made governor of AVindwr- 

V'naidcd there na cbsplain. Soau 
ir>pr«flbjltrrian systoni vrtm wtablistu^ ' 
in KIl^;lnllcl li« wail ordaiiifrd in .Vldemian- 
burj' Chuwli by Mr. Itorton nnd two (itlifi-s 
jtho dtttoniwi^ed l>^' Kmo)c,:JM Jan. ItH4-'f. 
laimpoHiblu). Wliili- etillrvttitliitK utWind' 
-sor, be preacbed bq inllamtuatory 9ermi.>ii in , 
UxbridgeonSl jHfi.ItiW—'j.tht.'d'ttyonwIitrh 
tbu fomniw^ioni'rH to treat nf peace btflWL'un [ 
tliu kiiiK iiiiiJ uurlitiiUL-nt nrrivud In ibe town i 
^.cf. Lt*os*, T'orifJitu in MidtUeaex nut de~ I 
trribfd in I/k i'frmVoiw r,/ Limiiim, pp. 17'*-l'). 
Ik- iWMTtwl in his M'icKiii'alion' tbut bi« 
prvHcliiug tiiun.' was iivcitlMitul aiul that none ^ 
of tbw (;utiiini««iou0ra wwe present. On tbe 
ccrniplaint of the commiamonvra b« wa.* )*t?nt 
for by ibn cnmincins ami ronfinttd In tbu lioujie 
duriii|? coiit iiiuniicti of the neffot i&tioiu. In 
HJ-IC lie WJLS nontinatM hy ordiiinnce of tb« 
Inrdfl and LvmnioTiii pruachL-r ul Newcastle 
<llA»!C(»,.V(MNOTr',p.84), but dues not uppi-ar 
roliuvfHOiiBthilbtfr; 00 SBNor. in tho&inif 
vear b« pre*u,*b«d V'frnv thf* crommons, nod 
wa» not accorilijd tliL- ctislomury voto of 
thanks. Before |4!17 bu witsisi'ttlfd ua puator 
nt St. Ann's, Aldersgate, whence be suh*e- 
quiintly ranved loSt. Ijawrentre Jewry. As 
iLZT-aluus prt'8byl4;ri«n be snijii iiiado h,iJIl^eU■ 
obttt>xioiu tu thti indepcndc'Dta : nnd wboii 
they gaine'd tb* a^ceiidtncv be wns com- 
inict4>iT to custotly ; he was I wic« subse(jut?nlly 
cxXkA bt'forB tho cummilfL-L- fur ijliiudi_'ivd 
DiiniiiU'.rA, and aUhough difdiargou for want 
of proiif iii« onoveineiits were watched. 

In Iflol h«; wa.1 accii-i^d nf nlnMin^a|?ainBt 
tba Commonwf all Ij. 'Y\\v ulVuir its kiitiwn ai^ 
I.ove'a plot. He was cbarjivd with (orrt- 
■spondioff with Charles l^cunrf. and with the 
prince's uiotli^r ( II'*nri"'tIa Marin) bftwesn 
'October ]<mi nnd .Imm \{\^i\. It 6tx\a» tbiit 
one Colr;n4fl Titus bad been commisiiioiuHl 
by certain presbytemns to carry Bt-VLTdl K-i- 
tew to Ibf ijiH'i'ri-molh<jr in FranoR; the 
-ijiieen'e rt-'plii-a wltu coiivovihI by Colonel 
Ash worth, and were read in Love's ho««i' in 
London. On IH liec. Kt-'iO a paaa was ob- 
laini'd for Lovfi's wifi> to finatdw her 1o pri>- 
cmd to AmHturdam, duubtltiSH in connection 
with the same negotiations. Further, L<iv« 
htid rcreivftd Ifltten from SfiotliBh \itva- 
byTiTiiinB who wiire friendly to Charlfw II, 
and cuneiikalioiiH had bi!«n hnld Jii his hon»e 
• (among other places') regnrdintr the demands 
inadeon the Ktigli.ili prL'sbyteriana byArp>'ll 
nnd otUerfl for money for the purcbaM! of 

Lovo WM ordered to Ix' arresced on 14 Mny 
l(l.'»l, and was comtnitti'd iAuM' prisoner lo 
i\\v Tower for high treason, !!« was tried 
before the biffh court uf juj>tice uu 20,21, 
tibf and 27 Jiuic, and o July^ and was con- 

demned lobeexeealednn ItiJuly (cf-lNDEis- 
WICK. /n/riv<^i«in. pp.2>*7im|.) IIcwa«Mib> 
eequently reprievtd for a mnnih, and than 
again for a week, but woi fioally •^'recuted 
oil Tiiwer Hill, 2:! Aajr. I'Kl, and prirately 
buri>:d,2-5 Aug.,at St. Lawn'ttcoCbun.'b (sue 
order of council of ttste under ibat dale^ 
mate Paper*, I>om.) Robert Wilde wpoM 
a poem on ' The Tragedy of Mr. f'hristoplier 
LoT« at Tower Mill,' ItiOl, 4to. 
To the la« of Love's petttioni to tlw 

fiarliament, 16 Aug., he ajipcndsa 'brief and 
nil ' nurmlii'e of the whole plot, in which 
be virtually acknowledges all tlui cbargM 
niadeagalust him at the trial. BothKeuoett 
and Ecbard tnemtion the xt<^ry that a r»* 
prieve from Cromwell was inleroept«d and 
unstnived liy inccnw^J riynliKt!!. 

Uy \i\« wife (who ^Imrtly iift*r married 
Edward Bnidiihaw, mayorof (.'hesl^frin HH8 
and ltir>K), Love had tire cbildnuif one of 
whom wa« bom after bi^ death. 

Love's worhs wore: I. 'The delwncbeil 
f'avniier, or the En^-Ii»li 3lidianile,' 1A42. 
'1. * Tngland'-i DiMemper, having Divisioa 
and Error ha its Cause, jtc. Together with 
a Vindication of the Author i'mm . . . b»- 
piTtiionH.' London, 4t<o, l&4u: thp scncoo 
preached at Uxbridge. 3. ' Short and plaJno 
AntmadverKioas on some PoDsafM in Mr. 
I>>-U* Sermon,* 4to, I<nndon, 1A46, 2nd odit. 
lfU7. 4. ' .\n .\nswer lo an unlicettned 
Piimjdih'l,' 4to, IISW. written in answer to 
1 be abnv0. 'J. ' X modest and clear ^'indic^ 
ti^nof tbo . . . ^linistcrs of London from th* 
i^candnlnua iispersions of John Price,' anon., 
Loiidiiti, ItUtJ, 'lt<>(aticrihed to \ja\rt\n lUu- 
tninfitlon t-jSioa Cb//r;7e, lfi4!l, anon.) 6.* A 
clerreaiid necessary VimlicntifHi of the Prin- 
rijilasaud Practices of Mr. Christopher lyive,' 
!n\, lio, Loudon, ltU>l. His posthumously 

fiublished petition* and narrative to the par- 
iiiment, niH'ech and prayer on the vcnflold, 
letters to hi§ wifii, were published in variotu 
unauthorised lbrmt< in ICol. lleaUoappeais 
as edilflr, and mav have been antlior, of • The 
Main Points of L'liurcb Uovemment and Ut>- 
cipline,' Ivondon, 1649, ]2mo. 

Love'fl executor*". Edmund Cftlnmy, Simeon 
Ashe, .lereminh 'WhitBker, William Taylor, 
and Allan Cieare, ii».-nied after his doatb: 
\ , ' C irno>, the Truth and (i row th and different 
I>egree9 thereof ( fifteen sermons), Ui52,4to, 
and IHH). i». 'Hpavrn'«({lory.IleirsTerror' 
(pwnMilwin Hennoni*), le'i'l.lto, ISIO; Dutch 
version, 1Hj7 (Sneek, 'De Neerligkheid dua 
Ilemels'), 3. ' "The SouIb Cordial, in Ixvo 
Treat idea ; ( I ) How to he enBed of I he Guilt of 
Sin, (2) Diwuvering Advantages by Obrisl'a 
Aac'-'union '(twenty -t w« "ei-mti»«). I (l-'iS. 4.' A 
Treatise of Ktfvctnal Calling and Election/ 





iS3. 6. ■ Scriptaiv UuIo« lo be obcerrcd 
iiayiuft Bud SeUii.p,' WSS. «. 'A Chri*- 




ttan'ii Duly and ^^a^f-Iy in evill TiiucB,'l<V>3, 
Ui ■wh'nr\i' tiM''SoiutaI{eat,or their 
h«pp,v Sl«vp in I>efttb.* 7. 'The lienrer's 
DutT,ftmlthn?e ol hvrSennon*,' HWt, ''p "Tlie 
CbrUtisn's IHrcctarv, tendiufc topitdu btm,' 
At, UV:;:J. 9. • TliMrue Doclrme yf Mortifi- 
c&ttoaftnd SifKwritr, in opprteitiiin to Hypo- 
criBy," 1654. 10. 'TUeComtwi V'twwii tin* 
Fleah and Spihl ' (twentv-wvcn wnnDnBt, 
Idhi. II. ' The Sum <">r Substance of pre- 
Istical l>i\in>ty. or th« firounds of Ut'lipon 
in a cstfchUt'icnl Wav,' 1*W4. 12. 'Th« 
Hpjprted Soui's Cure, in divfra Sermons,' 
i«G7. 13. 'Tbe Miaistrv of Angels to th*. 
lltin of Sitlvmion,' 1(W7. U. '(VT fiod's 
Oxmuprosoucw,' ltt.'>". lo. • The Siniicr'i* Le- 
gacy to roslerity," I'l'ii. lO. 'Tbi* IVnitent: 
Pardon«d.' lAV. 17. 'A DUcourse of Christ 'b 
AKRn^ioiiandrominj^toJiidffiiiPTit.' It^. 'The 
naluriLl Man's Ca^.- ntalc-d, ur an exact Map 
nf the little World Man ' (wvcnteea n^r- 
inon>>, l(«">«. 10. 'TbellisloTTof thcll.ilv 
Bible,' I7*;CI. His ' Ht'Xefi Worlis,' (llaa^w, 
3toL<. Hvo.appcarod in IHOi, and'Remailu' 
(with life ), Loudon, I'inio, in 1807. 

[3f«mutr ia Quick's MSS.. Dr. WiUiamo'e li- 
brary; Ucjgnpliy. incompldv, bjjr iMXt-'* wire, iu 
Sioaaa HiS. 8944 ; Fuater** Alamni Oson. : Wood's 
AtbcneOson. ed. BliHs; CaLHlalpPapi-nt. l>im.: 
8l&t« TnaJs. Tol. T. ; Uii-t. MSS. Cumm. 4ih n<-p. 
p.3&S,6lJi Ki^p. p.4SJS ; BuruiD'sUiAry.o). Hudd, 
iL 88-9; WiWna DtMenlinf ChurchM of Lon- 
don, i. 3.^2, ill. 330 ; Not«B and (tucriw, I^t «t. 
zii. 3«6. 2na •cr. it. 173, 269, ix. l«il. Stil : NenJ's 
ftrttjuui; Urook's Puhtaii«: Dagdale'e Treaty of 
(Tibriilg*; Barnta'a Mc-Diuin, vol. 1. (Surtees 
Soe.) ; TtacU in Brit. Jim.} Vf. .\. S. 

LOVE, T>XYTD <17fia-1827-), pHlIar- 
po*t, bom at Torribnm. n«r Kdinburj,'li, on 
1" Nov. 17S0 iStTTos, NatiiHgham Date- 
Book, p. 18), WHS abandoned br Lia falhar at 
an early t^, and coDimencvd lifv lu a b«pnr 
in tbe compaoy of his blind motU<T, Ilis 
ambition waa lo htvome a riyins fttationvr, 
but a brotbcr'n tndueiifo iiutuo^ uim to turn 
miner, and b^wtvrkeJ for ab(.>nt two yt'Anin 
Lord Ihindooald'n oool-pits at Culrosa. An 
acridcni Itxl to bisdiAchar^* in 177r).and be 
hawked tracta and othur wares aboat the 
bard«r. until, having accumulated H/.. h>> 
w«idd«d a lady named Thommn. Shortly 
sft«rwajtlR be made bin firel poetical essay 
in sumv Teroes on * Thw Pride and Vanity of 
Young Women.' and about I71H) ►'nli.r.'d in 
tli» thike of Rucrleucb'a ' South Ktncible^.' 
Ilia account '^X bis dninKn while in the regi* 
OKut provM a irt'-ut laxity of discipline. 
flbtainin^ Iiis dii^hargfi in 179*{ h>- n^«ll^led 
his tmdtf of walking stationer, and miu\v a 

fine hftiTittt at Portsmouth and Gmport out 
of thi- Mtilorsjnst returned from Lord Howe's 
virltiryof 1 Junt> 1704. IWoming mmv t>ro- 
lific a* a writer, hi' n-Untiuiabed hi." iictllar** 
lict'ii:^-, and hawked no litcrar>' wares but his 
own. In April 17(*Uli«*d».**CT"ih«-s liia'conTer- 
eion ' at Xewhury in licrkshire. Uen»<fnrth, 
with (>ccft«i()nul intenalc, durtnii which he 
kept alK>ol{«t>llor'8*liop, (told (|ni(fkmedioin*>A, 
ur wu»< lucked up by thp nuthuritii'ti fur bin 
nomadir urarticwi, I^ivecoiiiinaed to make it 
livelihood by his rhymes, doing a laiye biL«i- 
tiew in acro#tte9 »i>d hymns, which h<* ^itbf 
fur one bBlfiiunny •'ach. He finally sfllb'il 
at Nntlingbnm, where mo-ft of his pnripnn 
tired, and whence moat of Mia boolw werw 
issuifd. There he dir^ on li .luno 1^27; hi» 
third wife, who had murned him,H« Bbe»aid. 
for hie Fcbolarship, and whose ' silk whiwl' 
had in part 8UDport«d him for fiome time 
previous to his (leath, was eiphly-lhree year? 
old at the lime of her death in 1853. 

Besides mimerniiR single sheets and chap- 
book«, including ' A New and Correct Set of 
Oodly I'-H-ms' 17H:i, ll.>mo, and ' Itavid 
Loitr's Journey lo London and his Ilrtnrti 
lo Notliiiglwni,' 1800 ( ?t, 8vo. be write rhi» 
*LilV(, Adventures, and Kxperience of David 
Ijf>vt',' which pa»>i-d thmugh num<>mii.<t mIl- 
liunit <»rd t-Hlit. 181':); 5lh i>dit. 1824), and 
contftinsan engraved pnrlniit,whic]i in some- 
cop'iva is carefully coloured. White ai Lon- 
don, where he aays he found 'motr kimtne**', 
Invp, and tendemeas than any place in Hiig- 
land,' l<oTe tnenliOTUi M'Uiti^, amon^ other 
vtrees, 'An Elegy on i Cat," a piece on Bar- 
tholomew fair, and A rhyme on the cries of 

\\j^vt<i Autobiof^phy : Rnns's Every-day 
Book. it. 22S-0. uiid Table Book, cola. 177-81 ; 
Wylie'o Old and NewXottinpham. p.'i.Vi; Nolt-a 
ai»l QtwriM, 7th ler. viii. 234, S33, 411, 474.1 


LOVE, JAMES (1723-1774), comvdioii. 
;;See Daxcu.] 


(1789 l>H{>t), general, «on of John Lorci and 
his wife Marv Wvse. was bom tn London 
in 1 78i>, and on ■^b Oct. 1804 wtta appoinlcd 
ensign in the Wnd light infantry ("now ^nd 
D-TfortUhirol, then trnining at Shoniclitle- 
undorSir.Iohu Moon*. Tlie dates of bin mi1^ 
s«juent commissions were liouti-nant IWfi. 
captain ]XI I, brevet-major 111 March Ifl-'t, 
bn'vet-lieiileuftnt-ctilimel IWn, n-gimeotnl 
major lS30,lieul«naut-eolonfl 2 S.:-pt. 18.K, 
colonel lS38,ni«jor-gi'nt>ral ls.>l,lic«t<'nnni- 
genenil ISfi7,gWieral IW.l. He served with 
tht'oiiiid inSwMen aiid P'lrluuul in lKI8,anil 
in tbe Cunuiua retreat iit l8Ut'. IMumiog to 

rnriuffivt with the fint Imttttlioo of his regi- 
ment Intvr in tho siune VMr, hit wu preaent < 
in evi>ry flfUir in which the light tltvisinn wm 
viM.">|I''^ up to 181^. including the eu-gi' and { 
cniiHin- nl <'lii(U{] ItoJriiju, whwre \iv wa* 
miv yf tb<t olorinupn. lie e*r\'ixl with the 
Korontl batulioii of hia recimynt in tlit- ope- 
mliiiiin in North Ilolluid in ISIM-U, was , 
aido-dD-catDp to Sir Johu Luobert, in the at- ; 
tiick oil Ne^v Urlwins id 1815, wh*r« he wm 
wiiiiiiilxd and tinil two bones killvd iin(l>.T 
him, and ri<jiiiiicil liin re^meat in timu for 
tiiB battl» of Waturloo, where he nceired j 
four aever« woumU in the famotu charge of { 
1 hu.Wnt) on thp impprinl punrd I L-f.CoLBOilXB, I 
MiK Joiix, limt lURnx Hu\-r»N], Loto's ser* j 
vie vii aft tT tli« peacd were DO leu varied and 
imiwrUml. livwaawitli tho B2ih1 in North 
Aiui'Hca for noma time (cf. Lk.*kk). Hi- 
tinicly Rrrival fmin CardifT with the dtipot 
C')m|MiniL*8 of lli*^) 1 1th foot aaved Bristol 
during th» torriMc ri:forra riota of IHSI. Ha ; 
cummandnd Lha 73rd fuol Hpvoml ^-ars in 
ibdJfaditerraDean.aT Oihmltur.aud in North 
Aiaeirioa; «u ItriiUh rf-.«i(]fnt at Zante 
lrt.SJS-8 ; commanHcd a movealdi: pnlnmn in i 
T^)witr Canada duriiitr \.\\e inAiirrvict ion r^f i 
ISaS-O ; waa in tKimmftnd in South 'W&1«0 [ 
daring (he Itebecca mid cliiirtiHt riota [vf. | 
1''koiit, .roiis, rhnrtist]; was gnvi'mor n( 
Jvnuy li^r^l^-O; diiumandvd nl IJliorucUfTt: 
camp in iKoft, and liaving beim crested iii- 
ipector-gcneral of infantry in lciG7, retain^ 
tut poat until April ]HH± 

Ldvewas a fi.H.Ii.and K.H., and hud the 
IVuiiiftUlar m^al with ckspA for Corunn», 
ItiLSBco, l"'u(;ntea d'Onoro.ond Ciiidad Itod- 
riKu.undthcWiitcrlmvinMdnl. llt'wiuscoJnncl 
in surrc«sion of Ui« fiTth fodl and tht- Wrd 
lii(ht iiifaulry. Ilo married in 1$:J5 Marv, 
■«lauf?hter of .1. lUuivisidc of Halifax, Nnvn 
Kcijtia. by whom ho liud no iawiu. He diwi 
■on IS Jan. IKIIU, ngeA 77. 

[Dod's KniglitAi^, ISSfi : Hart'ii Arna>' Lista; 
Loakv'a Lord 8eat«D'« Rvgnment nt Waterloo; 
Ann. Rpf^etcra under daCn.J H. M, C 

LOVE, JOHN (1(W5-17601, grammarian 
nnd controversial irt, Mm at DrinilmrtoM In 
July Ifill5, was sun of John Luvt-, lifmksiiinrr 
nnd Riattoiier, AlYcrromplotini; his studies 
at thf university of CiWuo*-, tip bwamouslicr 
to his "Id mn«tyr at humbarrnn praniuiar 
ftchiiid, and wa* appointed hi!< Buoci'^^iir in 
17:il. Aronnp his |iiipi]<f wasSinoUutl. He 
rietod a«clerk<)f die presbytery of Oumbarlon 
frnto 1717 tolTiW.liui ■w-tthin tlial ppriodwHs 
Hubjf^nt.fpd to a crurious spi-ciL-s of ptTMifUt ii"i 
l)v bin miriistifr, ArrliiliiLld Syds-irf, on iLl- 
Rround of bruwinff on n Sunday. The chnrpe 
broke dowu on hoing iiivesiigated in tfie , 

chatob court, and Svdauf wa& tampeilcd u 
make m, fomul ^wiog;^. In Octobi'r ITS 
Love vaa appoin(«d t msMcr of the hjfi 
tchool, Gdinnnrgfa. In 1737, with tb« a»- 
Eittance of Thomas Itnddiman and Robot 
Hunter, a master of Ileriot's UoBpital, ha 
publiitbod an edition of Bucbuuuia Latin 
vemJon t^ th« ' PsBlms,' which oiming under 
ttie notice of the Duku of Buu-leuch obtained 
for him in Oetob*r 1733 the i^ctorahip 
Hnlki^ith grammar fichonl. I^ve diea 
Ualkuith on 'M Sept. ) 7M>. He waji mani _ 
twice, lirat in 1722 to Elizalnfth, dauahler oiT 
Arcliibald Campbell, aurgvon, of Glas^w, 
by whom he had thirteen children. 

In 173.1 I Ave iamied from Kuddiman'a 
printing establishmeot in Edinburgh ' Two 
(immmatical Ti«stiM«, viz.; I. AnimadTer- 
ffions on tho l^tio rirammar lat>>iy pub- 
liflhed by Mr. Rnh«n Tmtter, Soboofmiister 
at I)umfriv4. IL A Dissertation upon the 
wavof toacbinij that Langliajre, wherein the 
Olnwtions raisL-d aj^tnst Mr. Kuddtman'a 
mid nthHr-HUcli likitUramniartiarvf nnswred.' 
.\ppt-ii'led are twme anunymoua ' Critical Re- 
marks' by Ktiddiman on tho Latin grammar 
and literal traniilattt)ns comp»ae«l h\ John 
Ckrke,lheHullncli,nrilniai>tt>r. In 17-fOLovB 
took a prouiiiieot part in the controversv re- 
garding lb'.- comparative^ m«rit« of Johnston 
aud Bijuhnnitn as Ijitin noels and tran^tora 
of I he ' IVnlniH.' Love defended Bucluuuui, 
and \-igorou«ly attacked Luider tlte editor 
of Joiinsion, in twopuMisIu-*! 'Lett«r8'[Me 
TjAL'|)i;b,\,'/. 1771]. The cuntroverBT 
ullimntely auvt;n>d Lovu'b frieudEhip witn 
lUiddlman. In M&y 1749 Lore putiliitbed 
BiKiiiymouslv *A Vindication of Mr. GtwrM 
HiirliniSFin, in two parts,' 8vo, Edinburgn, 
which prodnot'd in the eiiitutng July a pamph- 
If't in triply from Uiiddiman. \\lit'D Ltive 
died, Uiiddimnn wrote a trnnpathctic notice 
of him ill the 'CalwJonian Mercury.' 

[Irring's Dombarlonsliipo. 2nd eilit. p. M7; 
Audertoii'H SooUikU Nutiuti, ti. 701) i C^t. uf Ad* 
rncn tea' library ; Chamberi'e KinineDt8cat«iioa( 
ii. fi-lA.] G. Q. 

T^VE. JOHN. I>.T).{I757-l§G5),pre«by- 

torinii rlivini!, of Amlentton, Glawow, bora 
lit PiiidU'v on 4 Junu 1757, wu educated at 
I'aisley grammar acboo], and eiterwards nt 
tiluspow I'liivcrsity, when' hcftnined a hur- 
i^ary. He distinguished him.4>'lf during hia 
iicudt'Diical cari'LT, and vrnri licensed aa m 
pHMiclier of the church of Scotland by the 
presliyttTv of Paisley on 24 Dec. 1 77H, After 
lieiiiu nsj^slAnt succejwi vely sit llurheigl^n 
and Oi\'eiiock, he was ordained minister of 
Spitatfielda, London, on 22 .\ug. I7i^t^ Ilu 






iMcatoe the rirtuil fottnder of the LnDdon 
Miasionmn- Soticly in ITW-"!, hiiTiDH written 
'(ho first uaall lei'l-er which called tO);«ttiera. 
f«w miniAKr* to consul tn^iipeftin^ihe Farms- 
Ikrn nf tiitf SfHritjif.* He tiMik );n>at paina tn 
•elnoting iui<) tnining' the «arlv miAsiounries, 
and was »oeret&ty to the societr wtiili? he 
ranaiood in I>tndnn. In 179U a chapvl of 
cue vmt rwcUtl in Clyde Street, Andera- 
ton, tbtMi a suburb of Glasgow ; Love wa« 
elected to the ch&rg«, and cnU'red on hiH 
diitiM io July 1.4X1. He beramt* iiecn.-lAr>- 
to th« GUflgow Miasionanr Society. In 1615 
he was • candidate for Ino proft)M80nhi-[> of 
divioitT in Aberdeen I'nivcrsitr, and in the 
foltowinji y«Br lh« degree of D.l>. was con- 
firrwl lipon him by that university and 
MnriscluJ CoUdco. II« died at the man«e, 
Clyde Slreet.G^fgow.on 17 Uw.lS:;.'.. The 
&nX, impirtant mianoDary station io Kaffm- 
ria waa eMablished in ItMO, and was namud 
• Lovedale * after Love. It bai wnoe devc*- 
loped into a very oxtenxive inRtitution. 
]jove'« manner tu the pulpit was hIow, but 
•idemn aiid inpreauTe, ' No man, p4>r> 
haps, of his titM appTMcbKl more nearly to 
the ancient refonntrx iu epirit, manners, and 
character.' Nijarlyall his puhlicationii were 
posthtUDDlu, and bome of the Tohimei bare 
cwteu twiM iamed. Hiaprinrinnlworkawor*!: 
1. 'NineOeowioiialSenntins, I^iidon, 17)^ 
S. * Fifteen Addreawa to the People of Ota- 
heite, and a Serious Call rvspectinir a Miwioo 
to the River Tndii»;01a8gow, \fi2ti. ii. 'Dis- 
nmrvee on Select Fasmceo of Sc-Hpture,' 
'2 ToU. Glai^vr, IWtK. 4. 'Letters of the 
1at« John Love, D.D./ CiUdffow, 1S38 and 
1840i b. • Memorial,' '2 volfl., OloAgow, 

[He* Scott'* FuBti. ii. ^2 ; Dr. Qfwnp! Smilh'a 
A Jfudera Aiic«Ue; (.'loUnd's AniiaU of ■>!«•• 
p>w.l A. H. M. 

LOVE, NICirOLAS (WWH-ieSS), wgi- 
cida,waa bom io Winchester, and bapli^ed 
in St. Bwithun'e Church on 'M Oct- 1«08 
^par. rog. ) H i» fal her w oa Dr. N ieli i>I lut Ltni.', 
hcwd-ma»t«'r of Wiuehest^r Tolliye io ItJOl, 
warden 29 Oct. 10L3, canon of Wincheater 
l&Oct. iniO, and duplauQ to James I. His 
mottwTT Iloiuuibell. or Uowwht-l. was daueb- 
t«-Pof Haniaba* Colnett nf tlu- Isle of Wig-lit. 
Itr. Lots died on 10 Sept. Iti'tf), and was 
buried in the college rhnpt^l, where a bnua 
rabint, with a Ijatin loifcnption by his eon 
Nichiila*. wa« plae*-d In his tnemonk'. 

On ;i Nov. 1626 Nicholas mntriculated Rt 
W'ndham C-oUfge. Oxfiml, a* a f«'IIow-<v>tn- 
raoner. He wiuf rali^l lo ibe har at I^- 
cidiiV lou on \ Vvb. lt>:)5-6, and on 31 Auf . 
of Uw Mme year waa created M^V. orOzford. 

On 10 Nov. i(U8 he became abeocher of his 
inn. Loi-H waa an able [nwyer and nn emi- 
nent 6naiicier. From I04.'J tviihuut 1(H7 be 
was recordpr and utoward of the town of 
Rn«ingRt>>k>-, uud I'urly in I>111 obtaioed from 
the prlianient n griuit of I hf ntUce of one of 
tlie eix clerks in clmncerv. He is said to bava 
made i>(».t)uO/. out nf the'poM ( Cal. Staie Pa- 
pi-rn, KMK.), I)om. Ser. p. 34S). lie waa ap- 
{■oitUrrdoulNov. UU.1(andaffainnn% March 
and 15 June 16i4l one of the coDxmillee in 
llamphm' for h'vytnB contributions for tba 
mainti'iiniio* rif tilt- jHirliiunLmtary troops^ He 
was cleclfd M.l*. for WinchtwIeT on I Nov, 
Ift^-'*, and retainnl his ti-nX during; theviUing 
of ihe Ijonfrparlinnient ( rjy)5<7«/iw/j(i/".V«R- 
btr* uf Piirliamrnt , i. 493). Ik' wa« one of 
thu judges at the trial of Cltarlus I, was pre- 
sent at mo«t of th'- sittings both in tbe Fainted 
Chamber and Wr-stminsier Halt, and wrvcd 
on the ciiii>iiiiilt).*e!:i lu cuoKider the order and 
method of the trial, and advise about (he 
charge against the king. He was onv of tboett 
chosen on 2*> Jan. liUf* A to prepare the df^ 
of the sentencv, and wii>f in WestminsU>rHall 
on 27 Jan., when sentence wan delivprMl, hut 
did not sign the warrant. On his own show- 
ing (PptilioR, Hirf. MSS. C'lmrn. 7th licp. 
p. 119) he wa" in fnTiiur (if further cnnfer- 
enr.^ before pnx^-eding with the sentence, 
and ill CDnswjueiice was ' clamorously rcTiled 
as an obstructor.' 

Ainung tfa» many committees appointed 
bythe Long parUoment on which l-ovewrved 
may be mentioned tboeo for compounding 
for I he advance of money, for se()u<'Ai rations, 
for the ragulatiun of printing, for thp militia 
oommiaaions, and for the affair* of Ireland and 
Scotland. On 24 Nov. 16S1 ho was elected 
a member of ihe third council of state, and 
alflO aervv<) on the fourth and fifth councils. 
Hewas present in the council chamber on the 
afternoon of yO April ^<'^•'u^, when Cromwell 
put an end to the liittiit); of the cuuni^tl. Ha 
did not sit in the )wHiam«nte of 165;!, Itl54, 
or 18B6. In the restored Kump of 1659. as 
• Nicholas I^fivn of WoIvp-^^-y on ihc Soake,' 
he ai^ain pepriweMt^-d Winchester. He waa 
elected membrr of iht; council of stale on 
81 l>ec., and wa^ prviJdent in the following 

As a member of the MHmpshire committee 
be had lost no opportunity of arquiring on 
easy terms tho sequpstered estate* of rovol- 
ifitSjQud wa^ bt-fore the li'iitnrationaweaftbr 
man. Refore Mi>nok'K arrival ut Wmlmin- 
Bter.Love e«!apt-d to ihceontlnent <cf.BRAX- 
fmis. AutM.y., p. 113, Camd. Soc.), and ha 
waa Bb^dutely rxoepted in the .Act nf In- 
demnily tu December ItfOO. He st^'tthrd in 
I Svitierland, when be was well treated and 




nroC«Ct«(t bv llip gnremmfiit. lli' tiitallv 
irunMl ibv n.'jjioJtlt's Edtuiuid Ludlow [q, T.J 
■ml Andruw Itrottglilon [q.v.j at IfBiisanne, 
und r**inrtviv| wifli ttwrn (<» Vrtbv. Hb difid 
thoiv on >^ Nov. I t58i*, M^f ■(! 7 4, and wuh buried 
ill tilt* cburch of St. Martin. Love niairied, 
on fl Oct. Itt-Vi, Kliiab<^tb Hupip* of I<«ni- 
bctli (Cn»»rrK, li'f»tmi>uter Abbey Marriivfe 
Re^ixfer ). 

ricturM of corfidwntblt* i>-alii«> and boolci 
formerly the pT>i|K'rty of l-'luirU'H I wvre di.»- 
eoVl'^'d in his limisi' at WitiidinsIiT nftiT liifl 
fli^Hl at t)ii> UfMumtiofl. It is said to have 
brvii tfreatlv owliiu t^i bi« piertions that ibt* 
buildlHC" of \Vi»cVii-"slfr LVillep' wen- siiared 
tlu riii||j tiiH cKTiipat ii tD of tilt- town by Waller"* 

[W.iofUjiriVi nivmpiihirie, i. 121 ■., 146, 187, 
20a/i»i.2IHJ; l(iTr>'» County Oerw«lc«iopt(Vi«i- 
tation of HAin[uihinrt, IdSI), p. 267; Lo N<»n'B ' 
Faali (HatJy). iii. »1; Uanlinri-"* lii-g. of Wad- 
baa CoIU^ pp. 7tt-7, 48:* ; HtuttMjt and Mil- 
iBMl'cHiiLofBwinjtstoke. [v 4!)2; Wo<»l's Hisr. 
»itwt Aiiljq. of Oxford (Outcht. ii. 4"4 ; NfiUon's 
TriftL.f CharU'* l.pp. ». 10. I 'J, IB. fli. «1.IS2: 
Milncr'a ni>t.«)' WiucUunli-r, pp. 122-3 (Lore's 
apiiaptl on bin fntlior); Ciil. of !*tAle P«iwr«. 
JUoro.Str. leiDW IGfia passim; \Villis'n Noiititi 
PartiumeutAna, iii. 292 ; Thurlou Slate Pap««, , 
Til. 811 ; Ma«B<)u'ti Milton, ir. 273, 300, 354-A, 
413, 449. V. 454. 519. vi. 44, 54; Commoiw' , 
JournalK, vii. 4J, MOO; NoIiIo'e Litc-k of tlif Ho- 
gicido*, ii. 6-8; Hint, of King KiHflw. pt, t, 
p. 60; LudlowV Mi-muira, IGS'S.ii, 461. iit. ll.S- 
I'JO; Nwloa and QueriM, .Sih wr. vi. Ui; Proc. , 
nf Soc. of Antiq. uf Seotland. 1883, iien wr. . 
V. £8&-9 (awoont of tbo k"'"'*'* "'' 'be nvtii-idus i 
at. Vovey, with cupien of lh« iiiscriptionrij ; CaU l 
8tACo Papers. Coinniitleo for Coiiit-uiiiKLiiis, ppt ' 
135. 1625. 2143. 2403 [3), 21T !f ; Hist. M8S. 
Comm. 7l!i K<>p. pp. 89-01 ; infurnuiliuii fvum 
JuNi^pb Fortw, wiq. I B. 1'. 

dean of Kly, *on of Kicbiird Lnve, an npo- 
thwary who dit-J in HHJ"), ivfis burn in ibfl I 
iiumb'of Si. MarvlbuOn.*ttt, Caiubridfro, on 
26 Due. lC9t). lie vm* prnbnbly vdiicntrd 
al tbo fn-f scbortl, CambridjiT, subx.'qiiflnUy 
Bt. Cbire Hall, whew ]ii» wan n f«lKiw bef'tre 
MVi>*. In lliiS be was prdcior,nnd about the 
ftaniv lime wa.i mnde ctiiplnin in i)rdin«ry to 
CbaPlcii I, wbo on ^7 Oct. 16;'!) pntKenti-d 
liini to tlw_' liviiifj nf Iwliiniiinn, Di'thysbiri*. 
In January 10)30-1 ho proci-eded IXD.,on the 
kinff's rwnmiiicndatii>n. On I'iCVt. IHKl ho 
Calhudral. Ity a uitLudate from Cbark'>< I, 
Love wac laadcniaatorof Corpus Ciiristi Col- 
!cattOn-l.'Vpnll"3'i,imTrnfliHtJ'ly itntlifdfjtUi 
of Dr. Biirt^*. A qiiarrnd folbiwtd Im-Iwcou 
I<on^ and llie Karl of Warwick. Warwick, 
RUpjwrted by lh« king, tried ta press a 

lunmoM of bis own for & r«c&nr f > ; 
but tbe muter and fellows r«$> 
finnily Ibt; kinj^ directed the willuirawti 
till candidatu, afttir ruceivlai? ■ It^Kter 
apology and expUnalion from Lore. Fi 
Nuvomljer ItiSS (o November ItfS4 Love 
vine-chnnnellnr. Ili^mosl notableact ia 
capacity wau to cauM the arreM of 
Haiwteid [q- v.] in tb* pulpit of St, 
wbile prCBcliin^ a sennun nf^inst lb<> 
of relipious dutips in tbe univ«r»ity. 
the plnjnie of ItJ-'*^ a liccuiw wa* ^rant 
all h>.lliiw)« (ind #cbnliir# to Ipav^j the 
but tlif nnutcr ittipulatL'd for ana &!]< 
n-inaii) *fwr tbe aafetv of th<? coUflge.' 
July 1643 a ji^neral Wve of abaaoM 
grantwl to tbo follows, but Lore Trafl 
t)u> four ht'uds uf collugos at Camhridtn? w&:i, 
'by thu special favour of tUeir friends and 
thfir own warv compUanw, coutinueid in 
their placca' {I-Vi,].bk, Hitit. cf Camhridft, 

Llfi^h. l-'olum-i Walton, tbe ry«icide,w»« 
ve's frit'nd. and protected him diirinif tb» 
auprctnacy of the parliament. In IG49 hewts 
made Lady .Marpin-t pntfewtor nf dirinitT.and 
appears to have n.-t«iiivd hia prebend, bat to 
liUiD his hold on his prefermeotA ww im- 
perilLH by bis refusal to subscribe th« En- 
Siagemeul, His wife wrnte to a relativi? that, 
be bad promised tu live ijuietly and givn nu 
disiurbancR to rlio public, and anticipated 
ruin wore bo foPCi*! to ri'^ign tbe professorsliip. 
Whether or no he i«iib.*cribefl \* not cprtain, 
but be muiBj^fMl to retain his preferment^ 
and waspven made a member of thea»»eiably 
tif divinotj, thouffh be apparently took no 
part in tbeproref*ilings. Love composed two 
Latin congratulatory ad<lrt«(iOt> on tlie return 
of Ohartes II, which be publiabed in on» 
voluinu utCumbrtd[^.1860,4ta. In ttiotiru, 
deliven?d at Caml)r{dtfH,I^ve,wii,L mucbsd- 
dn^B5. expat iates on the calamities of the Ut» 
r()bel1inn,and adn^iily excuses bis temporary « 
ftC(|uio8Benct', The at-cond (published Ityih* ■ 
kind's command 1 iva* pn>seoted l)y I»»ive in * 

r.«nn, aolln^ ai* deputy Tice-chancellor, at 
iVbiL«haU,ri.]'tini! IiillO, Uo also contributed 
to the Uaiiibridgu collection of vertex wbicH 
werL- published at the ItetttnratJon. .So well 
did he recommend himself to Cbarles a laniur 
that, bfiBidBsiillowine' him lo n^tiiin hia other- 
poats, t.hfl kiim made him duan of Ely by patent 
dated 14 Au?,; h.'wa« in«talbtd2K.Sept. H* 
died at the ^jrinninif of February lOtJl, and 
wasburiiKliii biMToll'^'trccbap^-l. LlordHylf*. 
liLiii a'liiLtunil wit and orator,' and add-i tbaU 
when Lftdy Margarer profewnr he wa:* auiw 
Mo atfronr* any man thut put up question* 
aiptin^t tbe dontrinea or discipline of tbv 
Oburch of Entrbind in tbo worst nf timtw.' 
Me ftoems (o have held moderate views. ]{» 


Loot lOCW. ou the coll-*^, pnve a window 

I siMtor's loOfi^K, aQ<] h-fl IW. tmilapoly- 

> bible toil in bis will. Tohi«oldcoll>e(fe. 

p,wbo*6 nuuter. Dr. Parke, wa^ bis iiiti- 

frionH, tie laft IMl. He married about 

lOracp. 'biuf;lit«rofhtast«:pfatli(!r Henry 

itlow.Givsbamprofrscorofliiw and public 

Itor, and had f"ur sons, the cidtwt of wbora 

lai C*lfln^ Hall in 10(12, and twodaugbters. 

I^tie M\T, Auno. married Dr. Teauon,arcb- 

rbwbop -if Cantvrbanr, who b*qtwath«d LoTe'n 

irfriiit to Corpus Cbnsti Colltttw. 

Itt-.tirdt^ ihe nrations Lot« publiahod a ser- 

>», preached at Vr'biteluill to parliament 

Iftt tbe raontbiT fa«t, 3(> .March lIUi', entitled 

'Tlw Watchman's Watchword,' l(ii2, Cam- 

[tritljZT*, Ito. 

{Jdnalen'* Hiat. of Carpns Chriitri Collc^, 
»niUndg«. «t. 1831. p. 17U. Aj>p. pp. 72. 73 
(most complote): Walker's Sufforings of th« 
J-Cln^v. ii. 41 : Kt^Diwtt'N Bqtivtrr, pp. US, 21fi, 
303; WUHe's CatbedralB. od. 17-12, ii. 469. iii. 
[■370; RoBthara'B Hist.of EljCotbefiral. 2nfi edit- 
iL 232-41: Cooper"* Aonalaof Canibridf^, lii. 'J63, 
S94i 491 ; Camhriilxe Antiq. Sue PnlilioatiouB, 
flTQ ter. pp. 511. fil3. 670.] E. T. B. 

1867 Lp-Mvphontst, wn of a mercbunt in ihy 
ritT i-if I>mdon, was bom in London 6 Kwb. 
li*iMi, and waa ediuated at Harlow in ICssc-s 
and at XcIkod Ilouae Acndoiny, Wimblt'don. 
SurreT. At th^ age ofiwelv^, while ^till at 
Khnoi, be commenced iraitating* the noi.-*e« 
occftxirim'd by I hi" «*^:inn nf machinery ami in- 
Boimatt' nbJL-ete^aod booil procwdvd to mimic 
tbe founds inftd« b^ mtulcal iiutrumvnts, 
lieoFTB. birds.and insects. From about 1S:*0 
Ifi ii^'Jti ht* wa.* cnnnwteil with I^ndon jour- 
nalism. In the latter yi*iir he appcanM) fura 
bfc-fit inaBolo eateniinment, entitled 'The 
Falw .\lana.' and his siipresa led hitn to bf*- 
€y>n3f a pnblippt'rfnrmiT. Hetrari'llinl in 1S:?7 
Ihroug'h porlHof Eosland and Fraucv; in Ifi'iS 
he came out at ibe F isbamblo Stttet Theatre. 
Unblin : and in June 1829 he produced ' The 
Prtvpri nation ft of a Polyphonict,' with which 
be visittnl tli« chief tow»j in Enfiland. In 
this, as in all bii« Iat4>r onti>rtAinmonrR, he 
inuUieeoleperformpr; bervprtsfnteti various 
characteri, makin)^ very rapid plianpea of 
dnm wfail*- talking, fttn^a)!, and dispUyio^ 
hit remarkabh" powers of mimicry and vcn- 
inlnqnism. Up went to 8cntliimi in 1830, 
where be hroughl out ' ^JO'n^ in a Labyrinth, 
or tb» AdTeotUTM of n Day,' and in I'SS^ bo 
fipefwid at Oxford with a piMc called ' I^(^s 
1-atni.* fn Ijent IKS-t hemade his lirHt n|)- 
puamncc in I^ndon, and acted at the City 
of Lottdoo Auembly Koom^, Biebomgate 
Stnet, for scrvral monlhu. Tn 8«pr«mV'r be 
■wmt lo France and had his entertainmentfi 


tninsltiled, ilHliviinnjr one liali'in rrPHcli and 
the other in L^u^UiJi. In 1S315 bu am)^»ruJ 
on alternate ni^'btsattbf St. James's lliMtrs 
nrd in th« City, tii 1K.V bt> visited ibfl 
llnit4>d StatM, the WfM Indii'.':, and South 
America, ittttuniint; to Kajrland In- played 
at tbp Strand Thi'at re, .\linnck*iii, Hanover 
Square Hooms, Store Stn-et Music Hall, 
Pbilbaroionic Rooma, Craaby Hall, and the 
Princess's Coneerl Rooms. Oa Hd Dec. Itihi 
be took poascsnon of tb« Uppor Hell, 
WH (juadrant. Kt-p'nt StreL-t, London, where 
bu produced the'J..ondimSeafioa,'whicb vaa 
verr flucressfiil. 

■f he name]} of Other onlortainmfiits pn> 
ducMl by Iaivo wt-ro : ' Lore in all Shapes ; ' 
* Lovb'b Lalxjur Lost ; ' ' .\. Voyage to ilam- 
btifg;' 'A Reminiscence of Bygione Timea;' 
'Love's Liipiil>miiriii» ;' ' 1»vf»'a Mirror;* 
'."V TravL'tler'* l'i>iiiini*ci'nce»,' bv t'hark-s 
ForriMtfr: .'A Chrietmas PartT;' 'The 
Wnlf in Khceji's Clothinfr,* by H." Rail, and 
'Dinner at Five preci-wly.' Ha plaved at 
ibc! R»H^'"* '*»il'Ty "U ^ tV'b. 1-S5U, tlic 300th 
coiu&ciitiv4> nij^bl. and this vos stated to be 
bi8"J,4()»5th peHbrmance in London. In lBo8 
liflwaswixedwitli permanent pnralysis.when 
a beuelit wa.» or)fBiii«>d for liim at Sadler's 
W«.>1U. H-'diodiii 3.3 ArundelStrtwt, Strand, 
Loiidun. 1(] March lf«37. 

[*<d London Sew*, 2Ct March 16t3, 
p. 21.^, wilb portrait. 27 Jfl'i. IS;^^. p. S4. with 
portrait; Memoirs ofW.E.Loro, ISSi; O^om 
Smith's Montoira of Mr. Lore, Boston, U.S., 
18JS0 ; (K Smith's Profrrammwi af KniTtainTnonU 
and lleoioirof Mr. Vivv. ISM: £ri. 2J March 
1867, p. 10 1 Ireland's New York .Siaga, 1A67, 
ii. 273.31 7.J G. C. B. 

LOVEDAT, JOHN (1711-17^9), philo- 
logist and antiquary, bom in 1711, wa4 onljr 
son of Thomas Xyiveday of Caversham, Ox- 
fordshire, and Feen«a Manor, Derkaliire, bf 
SaraL, daafrht«r of William Lethieullier, k 
•wt-altby Turkey merchant of (.lapham.SuiTW 
(BuKKE, Lnnded Gentn/, 7lh odit. ii. 1139). 
Afti^r altendine Iteailin); scliool he matricu- 
lated at Oxfora as a gen tluninn -commoner of 
Magdalen Cotlofrc on 1.3 Feb. 1 727-8, and pm- 
duabKlB.A. in 1731. M. A. in 1734 (Foktee, 
Alumni Oion. 17l4-lN«J, iii. 874). An an 
uudergradiutte he showed la«te and aptitude 
for philnh^ca) and arcbirological stndios, 
andllBarnu, wbowas iudebteilat alaterdato 
to I»veday for valuable BSNinlanc^, nnoke of 
bim in 1728 as 'optimie ap«i juvt^nis. lite- 
rariim etliteratommamantiMimtia' (Preface 
to LiAer A'y?rr Jfcaccarii). In acknowledg- 
ment of tlm compliment Ijovedav, at bii* own 
expense. restored inl7fiO Ileame's monument 
in tJxfonl (NrcHOLs. Lif. Atrrd. iii. 473 n.) 

Lovedsy lived in 8Ludl>)US r«llr«mftot OL 





0>Tenb»ni. Mifu. IVrry f^ixfs a dplif^iitful 
account o( a visit ]«iu] Ln 1774 to the *<AU 
Torjr country Kvatlonisa/ wLo bad married 
a cousin of hers ii^Lifc and (Jorrespondenrf, 
ed. 1^8-', i. rt-H). " Posaeaseil of an ftmp!.- 
pntrimotiy, he colleoted pictures, books, und 
antii}uitif8, [>urcli«i>liig, among other col- 
lections. Dr. .Tohn WArd'14 munuscri]>Ii< and 
coins. He laid the foundation uf tlm funiilv 
libran.'. wliicH otill rfniainti intACt at ^Vil- 
liaawcoie, near Ilanbury. Though he pub* 
lislipd notliing in Iiis oA*-n ti«"n', he waa 
aiwBVH rendy tu a^lst othera in literary' rv 
wKrc^ii5-'',nni! tit; i)unil>Hred Hniong his inliiant« 
ftcquaiiilaDCiMiearlyallihedistinirui.ihed mt-n 
of Vttors of Ills dfiy. Il-; diwl on IK May 
1789, He marrit'd, first, in 1739 Anna Maria 
((/. 174a), dsujihlt^r of Williaio Goodwin of 
ArloKote, "W'arft-ickshirf, by wlmm In; had 
a «on John {wv Udowj; secondly, in 1746, 
Dorotliy III. ITott). dauphtfr of llarrinpton 
Itayithuu- of BroQilfV, Kf iit ; and 
1756, iVneloj)e{rf- 1»0I>, dniigbtL-ruf .VrLhur 
Fom-«l of JniPitira, by whom hn hud a Hon 
Arthur (d. I8l*7 ), who became a clergyman, 
and thiw daughters. 

[,nTi*dny wrote many jmi^iert under vnriou* 

Ki^udniiyniA in tbn ' IJimtli'mans Mutraiiiie.' 
ia ' Obswrvation* njion Slirincs,' a paper 
read before the Swu'ty of AiititiiiariiH on 
12 Htv. 17.'>1, was prinit-d in ' ArLUii'ulo^ia,' 
i. 23-0, wit hunt ruct'-ivin^hw tinal nniTt-ction. 
Hia nnnotaCions on the Qiar>;in of bij* copy 
of Wood's 'Athcnpe Oxonientics' irery lined 
by Dr. Bliiis in his edit inn of that work ( Prv- 
faw, ]). 11). In IWK) his preat-jirandson, 
John Edward Taylor Lo^eduy, printed for 
j)respntatinnTothcltntbMrgbrCliibhi-<' Diary 
of a Tour in i'ii'J ihrnuph jiiirts of Kn(;,'lun(i, 
WnU'B, Ireland, and Snotliind.' 

Ilis i^on, John L«veuay {1743-1800), 
scholar, bom on 'J'2 Nov. 174^!, was ediirnted 
at. Kendin^ school. t>n 6 Fab. 1780 h« rnal ri- 
cnUl'.-it Hi Oxford aa a gi'ntlenniD-coiumonvr 
of MH^rdlllfln CoU«fre, grnduating B.C.L. in 
17(>(t,and D.C.I '.in 1771. lit" wnsndinittt.>d 
an »dvocHt4-> in Doctors' Commons on 4 \ov. 
1771 (CooTE, EnyUah CKfiiuint, p, l*_^l, but 
hiving increased his properly by a marriagtj 
in 1777 with hi« wanl Annti, only dnnKliliir 
and ht'irpss of William Taylor Lodor of Wil- 
liauHCote, ho ceased lo prBCtiie. sold the 
CaTerahnm properly, andlivt'd at Williaros- 
eoto, wln^rv liediwl on 4 .Man-h IHtK'.Ii'iiviiig 
fniir sonK iind n danghlr-r. llt^ axsiiilMl Ih*. 
Cbatidli^r in the preparation of ' Marmora 
(Ixoiiieruiii,' 17(13, and compili'd th<> indpx. 
To lliii '(Jentlemnii's Mn^Etm;' Iw contri- 
buted many pajieri otj lucal atiti<jUttiM>. A 
few years before- bis death ho presented Dr, 
Ward':* niQUiucripCs to the firitish Miisemn 


[Nii-hoU'sLit. Anecii. ill. 4(18 and ulsawhUB^ 
Nichohi't lUuftr. of Lit. »oU. i. iii. i». ». ; G«ot. 1789. pt. i. p. 471 i C«l. CUreadoa Sut» 
Papers vol. i. ; Index to Addit. MSS. BnL Ma*. 
1783-1835, p. 288; Addit. MS. 22d96; Yai{>ir'« 
Hauling School Pocnu, pp. 87, 208, S16.] 

G. G. 

LOVEDAY. TtOliERT ( /i. 1*155), trans- 
lator.catn*' of an old fninily Heated at Cbedis- 
tuD, Suffolk, llf t>hidifd at C'ambridpi*, but 
did not matrioulatf on account of the civil 
war. DiiriniT the C'ommonwcaltb be ri-*ided 
with Lady t'limon aw an upper Evryuit., and 
found lime to a<-i|uin- a irutxl knowledge of 
Fn^neli and Italian. He tmQ8]at«d into Eng- 
lish tb« firsl tbrt-* parts of Ln Calpren&ik's 
romnnee ft' 'Cleopntra,' under the title oC 
' liymuir^ IVndudin, or Love's Ma»t«r- 
riuce,' which api)cared rt'?[«ectively in 1652.. 
Hi->4, and 1055. Prelixed to imrt i., which, 
ftays Iiovivhiv, had lonp aincw ' look'd upon 
the li^'ht, if 1 had not the sin to answer for 
of tru«tins a bool^wdlpr,' are commendntonr 
verses by lUclmnlBratbwnite, Jamen HowHI, 
and nlhers. In the complete version of thir- 
rumanou isitued in lOtUJ and again in 1974, 
Loveday il creditM with the translation of 
pt*. iv-vi. After hid death hia brother An- 
thony editpd a selection from bis cotTe«|«>n- 
dmice, \vilh (he title of ' Loveday 's letters, 
Domeaiickand forreio, to wvpnil pprwinj^ 
orcB-iinnnllv distributed iti subjeeia Pbilo-- 
Hophicall, Histiirionll, i*^ floral!,' tivo, Lod- 
dnn, W-Vi (other editions, 1602, 16t;9. and 
16731. The plan of the work wa« obrioiisly 
stigKe-sted by Howell's popular 'Lotters.*'^^ 
I'rulixwl h his portrait by Faitbome. ^| 

[ LovmIdt B Wart:>i ; Grangor'i Biqg. Hist, of 
£ng. 2DdMi, iii. i:£3.} G. G. 

LO\-EDAY, SAMIEI. (1619-1677) 
bnplist minister, born in 1019, waa sun n 
Wdliani Lovwhiy, and died 011 lo l)ec. 1(577. 
He wrore : 1. 'An Answer to the lAmrn~ 
l«ti"ii vi Cheapside Crosse; toffetber with 
ihen-awmswhy soinnny doedeBir*' ibo down- 
fall of it, and all ^jeh I'opiidi lietiquM; alan 
(he downfall of Antit^Jat.' 4to. London. 
l(Ui, in doBgerel veree. '2. 'The Hatred of 
Kiiau and the Love of Jacob unfoulded, bebifc 
a hrief nnd plain exposition of the H chapter 
of PuuIa Epibtle to tbu Itomanee.' 12mo, Ixm- , 
don, IIJW). 3. ' Personal Keprobatton n'- 
jirnbnti.'d : being a plain expoaition upon the* 
ninech eltapter to tbu Komaua,' 8vo, Lon- 
don, lt>7({, a different work from (he above. 
He publiabed aUo two M^imons on Mat- 
thew XXV. and Hevelaiion iii., and di»cours» 
on Uaiah iii. 

i;T»vrd«y'ii Worki* ; Ktegy on hia death in ikw 
LuitrellCVlltctioffl, Brit. Mas,] 0. O. 





LOVEGROVE, WILLIAM (177*- f OTiUtM'Cliealing.'bva friend namerl Pnny. 
18Itf), actor, ihuBuu of* uliiinWr, woa born On 15 Oct. be waslbe original oM FatLiamiii 
lit ShoT^lum, Siuaex, 13 Jan. 1778, And wu 'Policy, orThna rum the World awty,' at- 

•pprcnticed to his father. Afit-r paying 
Hsmlet uui aniateur ni. aprivnte tliBatru 
in Toltenham Cuurt Itoad, ]w niiiJe a fir»t 
public appearauce at the Uiobmond Theatre 
under \\ mttan in Junt* 1 "1*0. Thence ho 
went to Dnblin. where hi* apptvin-d asAnhalt 
in * Lorers' Vim-B,' an adaptation from tho 
Raman hj Mr*. Inchbald. On hi» way to 
MancIiMtvr he was aceidcntullr shot in the 
Ifff in a stage-coach, in a pnrknt nf which a 
P««Mng«rliitd loft api«tol. Tbia delayed hia 

iTtbtii'.'il lo HcurrSiddDns, Soon afterwards 
he brokf.- a bliiod-Tiiswl and was ill for many 
months, not reaiipvarinjf until 21 Junu 1H16, 
when for [he* ftnit time, for his benefit, he 
played Sir iVutr Tt-axle. His recuption was 
BO enthiLsiastic that ho was ovwrcnnift, and 
said. 'O God, they will kill me with kiud- 
nesa.' llis nanio appears to oii» charftcter 
in tlio next gfaaon, Kvalisc in tlio 'Will,' 
17 Otil. ISlfl. Ha waaallowpd a full salary 
until a relapse occurred and his recovory 

arriral, and he appeared later in the season j wa^^een rolw bop^b-ft.*, whf>n bf^waji^rniDtedl 

■a OouKlaa and Jaquea with Mttle auccew. ahnlf «alnn.- until hiis dt-ntb on 25 Juno 1816, 

Aft«r playinx in t(iienui(>y and Plymouth, ^ near Itath, whither he had been taken hv his 
he made, 9 Nor. 180J, under Dtubnd, hi8 
first appeersnca at Btttfa tn Munden's part 
of I^asarillo in Jephson's farreof ' Two S tnnjrs 
to your Bow.' Oradue in ■ Who's thp Dune f' 

Walter in ' Cbildttrn in the Wood,' Edgar ing Ilousej' and Irfatherhead in ' M.P.," and 

in 'King I#Br,' Sir Luke Twmor in 'Such in other similar parta, he wiia un8iirpa-'tt<^d, 

things arc,' and Sir Bashful in the 'Way to Matliews i>|K>jiks of him as 'au adminibla 
keep him,' were arled during the se-amn, in i actor, ouite in the style of th« old schooL* 

■which he acnuired popularity. WTicn Edwin A prudent and a reserved man, he mixed 
quitted Batn lV>r l)ublin, a large mngr^ of' Uttle in the, pl.-naunw of his fellows, and 

comic clianiclers fell to Lnvpgmve, whose though nucli re»pt.-i-l(^^d had ft<w Intimaciea. 


Lovegrove waa an excellent actor, and Uft 
1 premature death WB^nmiHfortuno. As Rattan 
' in I h« ■ Beehive,' Peter Fidget in the ' Board- 

ium« appeant in Tlntli and Ilristn) to Sir 
Andrew Analyw in the 'Blind Bargain,' 
Th. PangloAs in the * Ileir-at^l-AW,' Sim in 
' Wild Oat«,' Tmppnnti in 'She would and 
she would not/ Sir Anthony .\hBolutu, Do- 
laval in ' .Mairimonr." Oeneral Tarragan in 
'School of Itt'forro,' Croaker in the 'Good- 
natuml Man,' Sir Hugh Kvan*. Dojjlx^rrr, 
TMac in the ' l>m-iina,' Aulolveua, Sir Martin 
Miuvll, AlphoDM in the * Pil|rrim ' of Beau- 
mont anil rletcher, and Justice Woodcock. 

He WAS th« victim of a aingular outrage or 
ihe subject of im extraormiiary detuiiion. 
Oeorge Raymond, th«^ hingrapher of EHis- 
ton, telLfi huw Love;;ruvu <ino<- niFliiid la the 
Lyceum at midnight, covered with brickdiut 
and mortar, and in a etate of frenzy, stating 
that at the end of Dyoti Street, Hinonwhurj-, 
tio had beun suized and piniouL-d by two Etal- 
wart women, lorced into a house and thrust 
into a room, where a third woman was dying 
from the result of vinlence. By supremo 

During tfaimummerseaflon heplayedat Mar^ | efTorls he won his frovdont. After hia re- 
gate and Worthing. Bath proved once mate , covery he took refuge in CTUTomarr taci- 
thc portal to I^ndon, and LovegTOTeappeared tnmiry,andnoelneidationwaaaffDrde(ioftht>- 
S Oct. IHIOai the Lyceum, the temporary slorv(si*j>/anH(>*'i/'J^'Wwfun,<'-oncIiidin((st-r. 
home of the Driirr I.ime comnaiiy.aa Lord ' pp. lS-24, and ii/c and Entfrjyrueg of L'liif 
Oglebv in the 'Clan JtMlino Marriage.' Job fiWi.pp. 17&-81). Kaymond aan that Love- 
omnerry in * John Bull ' and many fa- grove was strong and nntunil, irvo from cari- 

vourite rbaractera followed, and he played 
origiDal parte in dramas by Dimoiid, Matters, 
Millinjren. .Arnold, and other writers. His 
Lopes in ' Kiw,' an alteration by Clarke of the 
'planish Curate,' won him much applause. 
With the companv in the new I>nirj' Lane 
Theatre he remained until his letirement, 
nung to be one of the principal supporta of 
xh€ Doiue. He married a M iw \Veippert, 
the daughter of a barp-pluyi-r. Shu died 
abort ly aAer giving biriu to a daughter, who 
did not long survive her. Thesetwoshocks 
produceda tiMbh- cnect on his health. I(n 
took a benefit lo June 1814, enacting Wih 
ford to the * Iron Cheat/ and playing in apiece 

cn(ur>-, and never lo-*! sight of the chastity nf 
naCure. Ills poriruit by De WiJUe as Lord 
Ogleby i? in the Jlatbews collection in the 
fiarric'k Club. A plate of Lovegro\*e as 
CnpTAJQ Hatian i-* in Ihe 'Tbeatricnl In- 
ouisitor' for August Ir^'ltt, andone inprivatu 
areas in the * Monthly Slirror,* new »cr. voL 
viii. November 1810. 

[A bjogmphy of Liivettrnve, to which aubae- 
qiMiit pQblicatioos arc indebted, appeared io the 
Monllily SHrror. new wr. viii. UO, and wa* 
r*prinled with additions in the Tliealiieal Ib- 
quieitor. Augiut 181S. See also the Qeortpan 
Kra and Geoaet'a Acconntof the Englij>hStflir».1 




LOVEKYN, JOHN (d, 1308), loramnTor 
London, wu <lMO«raMl £rom an ancU-nt 
BuTTCj &mil J. £dwui) Lorvkyn, citizen of 
XfOadoo, but B natiTB of KinsiEton. liuilt « 
«liiipel in tbftt fanA is 1^05 (^lixyisn nnA 
Beat, J2Ut«/y of Sumy, i. 3.V)). He mid ' 
lu4 )>rotbi>r ( apparvnUj Kc^Mnl^alfio left Unda 
aad Twnte fiir the endowment thviv of r«- 
nouftf&milyobila. John is described in I'.-tu^ra 
'*lMt«nt of 26 tjiw. I U a« the eniii of Edward, 
^ut in the rt'irigter of HUhups .Stratford as 
th» win and heir of Ilobrrt. lie r^«adow«d 
the family chapel ia I'ibi with two meanagM 
in the pariwli of St- Michael, Crooked Lanv, 
of thft Ti?arly valiii? of 4/. 

A weallhv man. he enrrit.'d an an extenwire 
marrbandwe iDftalledorslocktish, and traded 
much abroad. In l%')Sheclaima<lasacilisen 
of I»adon the right to brinp a freight of wa- 
<mi] from NVweastle to London finw of ciutora 
{Cat i^ Lfitfrt from ikf Mavor a>td V^orptt- 
ratioH ttfl^»dan, UVM-lii, p. 94 J. In ISflB 
he suceaeafuUy protMtod tiirough the mayor 
and aldennf>n to the aatboritJea of Kiesport 
in Flondan a^inin the seuiuv of a cairfp\ of 
r«d herrinf^ whir h hi* andbinagitntaaT ((n.'itl 
'Jememouth'wun: iiuportioj^ to Loudon {ib. 
pp.97-9, 1:«; cf. tfc. p. 130). 

He first lived in the parish of St. Marr-Bt.- 
Hill, in a house fifterwnnU occupiod by his 
• porvant,' the famous Sir William Walworth 
[q. v.", ' ici 1 he narrow way leading to Twyera 
p. 2.V*). EdHy in lyiwnril III*?* rfifin he re- 
movi^d to the parieh of St. MicdinL-l, Crooked 
Lane, when: uis large maonon In Thames 
Street looked on to tlio Thamea between 
OystcT^tt* and Ebb-K^tc by the bridge 
foot. Lovekyn brouKhtwith him Liflfenow- 
trad«tmen,and tlio localitT became known as 
Stockfiahmonirer*' Riw. I^ovekyn's manBion 
descended toSValwurth, and .mibpeaoentlyto 
Henry Pn*-8lon,r.itiEea and Htockfialimotif[er, 
who left, it in 14-^ to the FisluDOngiirs' Com- 
pany for their boil. 

' lyOTekvn was alderman of llridfte ward, 
becamv ttht>ritT in 1342, and wa« one of the 
n!]>n;soutative* "f the city in pdrlinnu'nt in 
1317-^, and apain in ISBft. He w-w four 
times lord mayor, vie. in IHI**, ISoft, i:ifi5, 
nnd I'^tit!. He owed his third tenure of ofGce 
to the dire<:t jippointmDnt of the kine on 
21 Jao, l^i*y^'^i, in place of Adam of lliin-, 
he bad been ro-caoct«(l after servins am mnyor 
iu tho previous year. In l.'iSS lie contri- 
buted tiie Ifvrire sum of 300/, lownrcls the' 
Innn of "JD.OOtW. uranted by the city to Ed- 
ward HI for luft expedition to France. 

Ijovftkyti benefited his anrestral home at 
Kingiiton-on-Tbames by building and ondow- 

164 Lovel 

iBg'm 1367 a hoepilal calkid Mai*ihi)en*s. Ha 
WM ako Ibe Moood foimder of the church of 
St. Midiael. Crooked Lane, which he entinly 
r>4lmilt at hia own cost (N'KwconiT, Wr/jrr» 
torium, i. 484). According to Iceland, he 
foonded St. M<oha>^l> Collie, in cotmection 
with Ihe church {Itinerary, vi. 34). Slow 
MT» that Walworth was tne founder, ' per- 
advcntmc for John I^jfkiu hi* marf«r' (Hkk- 
BEKT, Jiutoiy afiSt. Micha«r*,n. 12o). 

Tyovekyii died on 4 Auif. 1388 (WKrvKn, 
/Wifra^.VonMin«nfj.p.410'),andwB8 buried 
in the choir of St. .^Ilcha»•l'», Crooked l^ane, 
under a handsome t'timb, with images of him* 
wilf and hid wife in alabaster. Stow rpUt«« 
ti»t Lm-ekyn'e monumant was removed, and 
a flat atone of ^'rev marble, ganiiahed with 
platee of cnpper, .'^ubeitit iiu>d. ITie brass plaK 
containing his epitaph iu tliree Latin verses 
found it* way to Walkem Church. Hert- 
rord*lur«, where it served ai a ualimpfied 
bnas inaidc the church frr Hicbard llumbe B» 
sttine. who dit^ in 15H1. Both Ijorekjd^^| 
and Walworth's monumenta W(*re re«to^P^| 
br the Fishmonffers* Company in l-Wd. with 
the addition 01 no Kn^litih inwriptton in 
dogg«rul verM (lA.) In the original Latin 
inecnptioD Lovekyn ia erroueotixlv »aid to 
have died in 1870." His will, dated 25 July 
l:U!H, vn» ennMled in the court of biistiUGTi 
OD n Xov. i;W8 [Calif HtathiffK U'iJit, 
pi. ii. pp. 1 17-1>*). He appears to have poa- 
ses&ed. oesides his bouse in Thaincj Street, 
other liou«e4 further eaat toward* Hillingv- 
pite, tind property in St. Martin's Vintry, 
Crooked Lane, Candlewidc Street, Oyster 
Hull, and Tower Street. 

lyovekyn was twice married, but left no 

[Herbert')) nint. of tbe Livrry Companieo. 
ii. fi3-8; Hint, and ADtiquiltMof (be P.trith 
Cburch vi .^l. Michael, Crooked lane ; N 
of John LoTekyn. by John Oon^ Niebots 
A. HdaIm ill London and Middlaxox Arc' 
^cal Societr'a Xrana.iii. 133-7tU>d vL &4 1-70.1 

C. W-«. 

LOVEL. [Sm also LoTEix.] 

LOVEL, rniLir (d.l2fi»),tr«Mnivr and 

justicB, waf, according to Burke, Moond son 
of John Kovielof Minuter Ivorel.Oxfordalure, 
find TichinADth, Northampton-ihire, Utird 
biiron Lovel by tenure; biAmollH>rwaB Alivs, 
daughter nf AUn Batnet of Muradewall, 
Surrey. Philip Lovel entered the service of 
l{i>fjt'rdf'tjiii'nry,e»rlnf \Vinehd8ter,whowaa 
l[>rd of rialloway imd constable of Sctitlmid 
in riglit i>f his wife. He became the earl's 
MewQnlinfinlloway.and in I bis capacity woo 
the friendship of .\ iexaiider 1 1 nna bi^ qiu>*m 
(Matt. Pabis, v, 270). Afterward* he en- 

■ha nd I 





tend the roval service and was nude justi- 
ctaij of tb« Jiw*. In 1 '2W, when he u styled 
* ciertens el conwliarius re^s,' he took the 
CHMS, hut did nnt pn on iW cni^de. At 
Michat<lina« next yew Lm-el ■»«* nccuw-d 
of tftking bribes from Jtrwa and othvra. Uu 
-was dixgncod uid rvmuvbd fmrn his office, 
but eveatujtlK, on thu puyucul of a fine of 
a thotuaod mnzks, and owing to tho good 
MiTtctH of John Mannel [q. v.] and AIl-x- 
andurlll uf S:otlund, bo recoven^d the royal 
bvour, thout;h not liis officu, Ou '27 Auk. 
12'^ LciT«l wan made tKuurcr bv Man^rt^ 
adrice {ih. t. S"iO; SIauux, KicAe^uer, li. 3I>, 
notec) In ]:!■*»» bv vn* ju»Uft: itinerant iit 
StaSord, in irhich cajmcity L« acl'^d wiib 
RiuchlinnhneM (cf. ' Burton Annnlf' in Ann. 
iVon. i.»ri7-V>>. [n l:ir»7 Henry III asked tb« 
monks of Cuvi'utry to t^lect I.ovel ae thwr 
b(ak>p, but th«j refused. Lovol incurred 
jaocb nnpopuUnty a« a roval otlit*er ilunnfr 
thcM years; hi* wa» ni>TC!rtb<')ess cunliauvu 
in hU olfice aft«-rthu I'nrliiuoeut of Oxford in 
JuDe 125s. A little later he was accused of 
taking andue adTontatfn of \a» pastiti^n in 
relation to the mynl furesta. IIu wa« con- 
aequtintly n:iuo\od from oCGct; by the barons 
«o 18 Oct,, and vu for a time imprisoned. 
After his release he retirtd 10 hii rei>tory of 
UuoeBlepe or llamestable. He aUo held the 
nrebend of Cadinfifton Major in St. Paul's 
Cathedral ( Le Nete. 71m/V. ii. itCftV He died 
at UatDeftable on t'7 IM-. ll?o't, it was said 
thnmgfa vt'xaiirm at ttui> kin^^H rHfufinl of n^ 
ooacikatiuQ with him: Henry vhi probably 
not a few agent. Level had tifeen »*nt.-ne«l 
to pajr a heary fine, and on his death hi» 
b'Mlalee wersfieixed. llefiire beooming a derk 
Xorel had married the widow of Alexaoder 
da Atsic, by whom he had two mra : John, 
whoM only daughter and beiresti married 
Tbonas de Holetoiirt, and Henry, a priest. 
The Ihinstable aiinahitt records that his con- 
vent mode a setth-ment with l^vi-1 and his 
wtntlnnry aato ct^rtuin lilltL-s in l'2!*i{Atim. 
M*m. iti. lUl). Froni Lovid's elder brother 
Jidlo were duect-nded tbe LovellK, boroni of 
Tiehman>h,and Francis, viscount l.ovell [ij-v.] 
Matthew Paris calls him 'vnfur cl circum- 

Watt.. Pun!) aD<l Annnlcv Mnnutiri, in Rolls 
6HW1; Xhitfdalo's Baroiuuce, i. £M : Burke's Dot^ 
■wnt and bxlind I'cemgce, p. 382.] C. L. K. 

LOVELACE. FUANCIS(iei8f-1676?), 
■tremor of New Y^rk. second eon of 
Richard, tint baron Lorelace, by hts second 
wife, Man^rt't, oniv daittibli-r andheiresaof 
AViliiam f)od«worth of London, was bom at 
JlttrleT.Berkshire.about Uil8. LikehiMhru- 
thar, John, aeoond baron, he mteb a devoted 

royalist, aad atl«udud Charles II durlne his 
tXKJ«iM{C^rrnttun Corrrsp. j^uiJuum; cf. Thur- 
lor State Pap«r*,fi.hiKhy-vt.\t>\). In May 
IISuU he obtained a Itceuse from Ibe council 
of state to pass with six serrants to Lon^ 
Uland on his way to Virginia ; and two years 
later hu was selected by tbe govi-nior to con> 
vey to the king an account of the auireuder 
of the colony to the parliameDtary commis- 
«ioner« yVft't. 'State ivpfr*. Colonial, lfi74- 
UHiO, pp. 33y, 376, 379). After tbe Ke»tora- 
tion he appcwn to have attached himself to 
the Duke of York, and owiiw to his influ- 
ence was eilb«>r in 1664 or lfi*V> appointed 
deputv-govemor of Loni; Liland (tftafe 
pH/trrn, Dmh. 1665, p. US), and in 1(W7 
tieuteuant-coloDel of one oJ' tlie re^ments 
raided in that vear, hi.s colonel btin^ Sir 
Waller Vaiio(ii. Ii»i7, p.l-'*l). In KHW he 
succeeded Colonel Richard NichoIU orNicho* 
laa as goTernor of New York andNew Jersey. 
His task as governor was to bring the pre- 
punderaiit Dutch popiilotioii quietly but 
surety under the newly established English 
authoritT. Lorelace adopted a pat4<nial 
policy. He efllablished toll-ration inruligious 
mattore. bou^bl lands of ibe red men. and 
started a Kcular poet between New York and 
Boston. The proeperity of bin capital was 
measared by its posaesuon nf fonr Kundiud 
horsM. On the other hand, he nuistod all de> 
mande for popular repreeentation, decreed a 
severe tax for dcfeiuiTepttrpose*,and ordered 
to be burnt tbe protest which tbt- l»ngTi<laiid 
towns preferred agaiiut it ; so ibnt when a 
bt^tile Dutch fi*-et, under Adniind Eversa^n, 
anchonMl off Fort James in July 1673, tbe 
iiihabilanlE ithowtrd ihemselvf.s indifferent or 
inclined to frstemife with tbe Dutch. I^vo- 
lace, who wa.i absent at Newhavea at the 
moment, hurried back to £nd that his lieu- 
tenania had struck their ilag, and that New 
Netherlands was again ihi; name of tb« 
ditnaj, while the city had become New 
Onmge. He made \i\» way to Long Island, 
where ho was amwteil, ostensibly ou ac- 
count of a debt owing to the l>uke of York, 
and sent back lo England (SO July Iti7.S). 
On '2 March 1074 be was exsmineu at the 
Cockpit reapeetinj^lhe t.urrendernf the city; 
his answers were found uasal Is factory, and be 
was re-examined onUMarrb: it is not known 
with what reault (//i>f. MMS. Comm. I'Jth 
K*fp. App. vii. 47. 117). He is mui to have 
died shortly afierwards. New Yorkwas re- 
elored to tbe Eiitflish in October 1674. ^ By 
his wife, Uart', daughter of WilUnm Kiii^, 
'a petwm mucli liubiw his qualitv and eoii- 
; dition, whom he was intvighled to marry 
witliout tbe privity of his relations' (Hi»t. 
MSS. Vbmm. 7th Rep. App. p. lU), he had. 





B ion. WiUiam, tliu fBllier of Jalui Luvolsou, 
foiirtu baron [see unilfr LoriSLACE, J«)UX, 
Ulird Dabos], The aovernor of New York 
man becwiuUvilUtiDgiushtxirroin Francis 
Lovelace {d. ll3o4). the rwonK-r uf Ciiuu^r- 
burv, and from Oolonel FrftnciA, brother of 
Ricurd Lorelacc the poet [q. v.] 

[Buricf's Kxtinrt P«i«p!,p. SS4; Hemldsnd 
QDnwlogut, ir. 381 ; Lorda' JoutdrU, xi. Sdft: 
Crok»HT3Mieia]i>!f. Hipt. uf Crokn Fsmiljr, i. 6S6 
(m(li)^iK>) ; C<il, SlAta Papors, Col. Ser. jiassim ; 
(j'CnlUiCtitui'M XluL'uiaoui.nn' HUL of Nutr York 
StAt«. iii. 3'27-S ; Ktlis 11. HoImtIm'h Now York, i. 
HM-7i L'Jwiugit New York City, i. IB; Applo- 
tan'ii Cyclop. of; Robiosun's 
ColonUl ChroiKd'jgy, p. &L'.] T. ». 

LOVELACE, JonX. thinl Baeox Lote- 
lAcB n.f Hiirtnv (^ln:ia?-ifi(t;l|, was (ff«nd*on 
ofSir liicliitnl'lyivfhicf ( I fitiS Itl34) of Hur^ 
lay, BerkHhtru, wlio wiw kaiKhtt'd at Dublin 
ou 6 Aug, I5^t0, and elevated to the ucerofro 
b^Chftrlealon^lOMay lffi!7. His fathor wu 
John l^velace, tccond baron (1016-1(370), 
■ud Ilia mother, Lady Anne, daughter and 
eventual bwresBof Thomu Wentwortli, tint 
(>arl of Ctevdand. It wn« this' J>nilT Anno' 
to whom Richard I^volnct'dedicMit.fdlua'Lu- 
OMU.' Of hisgruiuirmhur.Sir Richard, Fulh'r 
K»ys: 'Hcwiwagvntloinimrtf rufttal; aiiJ in 
tilt) rui^ of Qu(>L>a Etitnlmth, mtikiii^ usu of 
lutters of mark, li&d th<- itiic!i!(>s>i(! t<i litfht tm 
a larpu rr-tmiant of tlit? Kinjr of S]Miiit'D clvfA 
of silver, I mean hlsWesr Indian Uwt ; whero- 
with he and hisi«Ml«>ritv«ro warmer to thia 
day ' t H'»rM.>*, 1811, i'. Illil. Oflheaame 
man, Onrriird, in a iBttinr to the l-^rl of 
Strafford, dated ^ Jiiri« 1634, eava: 'Love* 
law bciny- iny ncifrhboiir, bom nciir XVindsor, 
I kn<;w him wull, tbuimh he was bom but 
to4U0/. a year, yet he left to bin oniv non, 
Bged near 20, near 7,000/. a year: All got 
by a forlunalt; innrrin^- with a rich ritiien's 
duufilitur (uf vi-hiuh an eftrlv examplp), she 
waA worth to him G0,000/.' (STkAKFOBD, Lft- 
iert (ind Ikspatefi^i. ed. Knowles, i. 260; 
Si»t. MSN. ('tnntii. lUli Knp. \w. vii, p, 
213). IIUfnth'T was atttaunrh royuUKt,wU» 
signi^d tho docUratiuQ in fa%uiir of Charles I 
in JiiiK! IlJ42,and juined the kiLe at Oxford 
in Auguat UH.'i (i't.ARi;sncijr, }li»t. v. ^4(1, 
vii. 17-1 ). He cnmi' in tu com^Kmnd far de- 
linijucrcy on tM March 1615, was osaossed 
to pay a fine of 18^73;. 1«. \0d., and after 
iiuniwroua iK'tiHoriflitvvipwe, abateiucula, and 
delays, succeeded in fttittin); hiMHe<(UPHl.rntion 
8ii»p«hded aftor payment of about 1.000/. 
{Cai. Vomm. f*./mp. ii. 1 liW). II« -km lord- 
Iteutcnant of Berkflhin> from lOlJOto 1008, 
died at Woodstock '2l> Sept. 1070, and wa« 
buried at Hurley ( Ashholc, Antiq. o/Berh- 
«Aov,p.207; Wi!iiTi;LOOKK,.lfcmorio/*, ltJ82, 

pp. 7t}, .SAg; Cal. atate Papen, iinm. ItSeO- 
160" paseim). Detaila of some clmnay al- 
tempta at intrigue made by bim daring 1643 
and 1644, in which he was the dupe of Sir 
Ilarry Vane and other parliaineiit mes, an 
given m lJaillic-*fl ' Corrospondonc* ' (Bantu- 
tyne Club, ii. pawiin). 

The fan, whn wa^ bom at Hartey about 
less, was educalt*d at Wudbam CoUiff^, Ox- 
ford, vfaencc he matriculated 2S July 165fi, 
was created M.A. Seiit. ItSOl (Fostbb, 
Atumni Oxon. |."»00-I7U). trarolled in 
France and the Low Coimlriea (cf. Thurht 
Staff Papers, cd. fiircb, vl. 151), and repn>> 
aentoiJ K(*rliahire in thi- lloiiM of Commoru 
&om 1661 ntilil bta falhei'a death in 1»7U, 
when be succeeded to the peen^fe. In 18S0 
j he was gT*if\iIy affmntwl by beina left out 
I of the commitf!*ion of the poaoo far Berkshirs 
mist. JUSS. Comm. llth llep. A^ ii. I7at. 
Uesoon became noted for bissporting proMio- 
aitiefl,andi>ull morn forhin violctitwhig^iBai. 
I Hu vory proimblv inihibed some of hia poU- 
lical notions from John Owen (lOIft-IOBS) 
[q. V.J, the noted independent, who yna 
rliaplain at ILirley iM^tween 1(140 and 1650 
( Wei^h, gwenV S^kahr», p. 21). In 1«80, 
during a visit of Monmouth to Oxford, ha 
ottered u i>liite to be run for 'in Ponmeed,*oii 
which occiisinii Monmout-b himsnif rode, but 
wa« not nuct'i-asful. In July of this year ha 
yeas marte free of thi> city of Oxford, and, at 
a banquet iu hie honour, drank ' to the con- 
fusion cf all pojH^hjprince^'tWooD, Ztfraiirf 
Tinicf, od. ClsritB. ii, 490). lie was arrested 
in 16S3' on account of therilyenouae'i plot,* 
but WM discbarffed on bail. In March 1 6HS 
he was aummoned before the privr cooocS 
fur (vlling' »ume fMinalabloH that tnoy need 
not obey a Roman catholic justict^ of tbft 
[ peace (LTrTBKLi.. i.2(«l,342). 8ubj«t«d to 
a atriiTt. examination, be n-itohitely relused 
, to ini^rimimilt.- himself, and the evidence 
i e^inat him wa« inaitfficient. lie was dis- 
' mi((»cd, but before he retired Jtmea II ei- 
' rlnimi'il, in (treat heat,' Mylonl,thiaU not the 
' lintt trick yonlLnveplovL'd mi*.' 'Sir/anawaml 
I Lovelace, ' I never played any I rick to your 
majesty nr to any otiier person*. Whoever has 
accu«erl me tn yaur niiyeaty of piayin^! trieka 
ia a liar' (JohVstoiib, 27" Feb. 1088; V*X 
CtTTGHS of flame date,quottid by MaCHTu^t). 
At Oxford, after Jamea a interference at Mag- 
dalf^n, hebecAUieven' |Kipii1ar,and foratimo 
' Ijord Iiovelace'a Huultu ' wna a atanding 
toast (letter from Thomas Newey of Christ 
Church, quoted in Xot*it and Qimtiw, 3rd 
ser. p. i'lKl and n.) Shortly afterwards, ad- 
mitted into the confidence of thoa^ who 
planned the revolution, Lovelace embrac«<d 
the cauee uf WiUiam with charactoristic 






VBnnth. A p(ciMre«i'jii«pa.'«M^eiii .Micaulsv 

iHisf. popular «dit. L ''U2), iK>8rnb(.<s thv 

ntidnifiat conferences Iietd in ATiiuIt beiH>fttlt 

tlie hall of bis tuaiuion at Lady FUic«, Berk- 

ahire, 'daring lliat anximi^ liinr wh<-n Kiig- 

land wws impaliuntly i'X{if<ct itig ihv |jru> 

■MUnt wind.' A commemonitive T«b)et wu 

MibieciiwDt ly affixed to th? Tvalln of the \auU, 

■andmainiptvu-ri brlirni-ral Pnnli in 17S0, 

4intl in 17tJd hy Gi-orp- III (Ukai'LEI aud ' 

X\fiVTrta[.EitfftandaHd M'nUi,'\. W2\ InSep- ! 

<>;ralHT 1988 Lovelace mnde a biistv visit to ' 

Holland, returning th4< name mnn'th (Lrt^ [ 

IKEll). Earlv in LtcIuLvr u warrauL wa> 

•Miud against him, on the information of a 

Roman tatfaolic, a« an abettor of the Priiico 

■of Drange. Thi> tnit h nf thn cliai^ was soon 

t>ut bevoad a doubt. On thn newt reacbinff 

tiim of William's landitii;, «arl,v in th« it«cono 

T*-(«lc of November 16st*, Lavelure sol out 

'with seventy followers to join the prinoe. 

He readied Glouce«ter. but Tiad to encnunter 

• Htoo^ force of militia, tinder Beaufort, at 

Cirencester. He reoolvi-J to furcL* a jmsmi;^-, 

4iut after a short confli'^t was overpowered, 

«nd although ' moft of bt4 men gi»t clear,* he 

Itimicif vras caotured and sent to Qloucester 

<Mlle (Z«rt//. tffl:.l*i>uv. l«MM,i/M/. 3/.9& 

<jtmm. llth Itep. App. r. 310). Vifcorous 

•wflbrra wer^ made to procure his relea.**?, 

Williain thrttaK'ning lo hum Itadroinlnn 

^inlew be wasaetatliherly. Enlar(;i'd by Sir 

K. Datton by the end of Nnvember, he 

'^afaml Oxford at the head of thiee hundretl 

fume on 8 IVc. He "wiu well receiv<-d, and 

occupied the city fur William ( ^'niV. Jntrlli- 

}^^ncrr,\\ I>M!. 16^). A lulUd wajwrittttn 

to commemorate hi» triumphal entrr by John 

fStnith, aeooad ouutter at Magdalen School 

^DbtDBX, MitceUant/ P'irmf, 171(1, pt. ii. 

B. 19y; P-K^ju VH Aff'iim ^/ State, ii. L'tiS; 

Staff rrMtfe.xii. col. HI). Puring the firBt 

4)«ri of Kebriwrv UW. after the ileliate in 

ihe lords, in which tbi- pri<]K)»ilion that the 

throoewasvacaul had bt^nr>.^«:ted, Lovelace 

vaa nupected of encounmng the whig mob 

■which elan»nured in I'alace Yanl for the 

Prince and PrincAw uf Orange to be declared 

Iting and queen. It is cerlain that.-K-ith his 

UAiul imnetnositir, he set on foot a petition 

lo that eneot, in order to eJcert nres^un) iiI>ou 

Ihe Ivro houMi (OlarEXDOX, hiary, 2 Feb. 

I<jd9; FBtEDEiCH BoysET. Iteftortfi Mao 

ani^T, i. tU.% and BUlhoritica there dted). 

On 28 .\pril l(W> Ijirelace WAS appointed 

captain ot the R>.-utleiuen peoeiooers, and in 

the following .\ujni3t he wa» uticnviahly con- ' 

amicuouH as one of the tellers in the debalc on 

tue reversal of (Istes'a sentonoe {lirnue u/ 

Zini*' ,\fSS. i>. 2&9). lie had pre^ iouely been I 

«o tbe friendlieM terms with Gates (,ef.WooD, ' 

Lt/i' ami Titw4, od. Chirko, ii. 465). In Sep- 
tember 1600 he waa risitod by William at 
Lady Place, HurIey(WM/. .tf&S. CWtw. lOth 
Itep. App. iv. 3&8). and was created chief 
justice of their majesties* parks and forests 
this side of Trent. 

In May lti9l Luttrell relates that T^ve- 
lace had been reocwniaed in the company of 
Lord ("olchester, Lord Nowburgh, und .Sir 
John Cwnway, *6COwring the BtreL-t^,' and 
committiDg'grosadisoidera,' It is probably 
in allusion to some earlier exploits of thi« 
nature thiit Mnrvell deiwrilwu him in bia 
' Last Iiutrutitiuus ' (ISt)7) as 

Lovelace young urcbimtioy-mcn the cana. 

His uxcesAefl were, in fact, rapidly under- 
mining hiBhealtb, as bis iavetemCe foudnoM 
for b(-tting and gambling had already disei- 
pat.ed hid estalL'. He was corutantly tipsy, 
and Heame relates, on Ihe authority of Hi". 
Bmboum, priiidpal of New Tnn itall, that 
' hfi used every morning to drink a (ju&rt of 
Brandv' (CWfref, wl. l)ol>le, iii. 349). Un 
26 April 1092 he fell down stairs and 
broke his arm. In September of the follow- 
ing year Jamea Cresset, writing to l^ird 
Lexington prior lo tiis deiiarlurv fur tlie 
Hague, said: 'Going to talce my leave of 
l>^rd Lovelace at his boiifte, I found Harry 
Kiltigrew had carriml him away in a chair 
to his ludgiogB at Whitehall, and there I 
fiaw liim, a sad kpnciacle ; he i.t probably 
tlead by this time ' (//iV/. MffH. O'wwi. 12ti 
Rep. App. V. ii. 1 461. The c^urmi^' was cor- 
rect ; Lovehwedieaon 27 Sept. lG'.>:i. Itv his 
wife Martha, d&u^ter and cnheip'sa of 8lr 
Edraond Pre of Bradenham, Buckingham- 
shire, whoin he marri.^ on Mil July Irttf^ 
(CkestKR, Ijumlvn Marruitff JJee^iuet), Iw 
had a k>u, John, who died in inCsncy, and 
three daughters. 

There is a nortjuit nf Lnvelare by 
M. I.Aroonin Wadhaui Collri^ Hull i,CUrdi- 
VKR. li^j. ../ WnMom Vt>U. Or/.>nJ,y. iW). 
Another, which represents him full of youth- 
ful vivBcity, is among the Ixtvelnre portraits 
at HiilwicB. Axhrnole calls him ' Avilieviiw 
tHtisrlegenerha'ro!*,*' an active walot agsitut 
Jum>.-3 1 1, and very instrument ul in the revolu- 
tinn, a prodigal of his lat^ paternnl ei<lnle.* 
Hi^ tendency to drink and disbaucluin>-, bow- 
ever, would ftp]>e«r to have bt>en an heirloom 
{Coi.UJ(rt,Letteriirttid ,\temon'als,iH{M),Mfi). 
A decreeof Ihe high en tirtnfchnncerv ordered 
hit estate lo be*o\d in onler to pay tii» debts, 
and it wa.>« purclia.'ied by Vincont Okolcy for 
4I,0<I0;. {A»H3loi.B, p. 207). 

He was sueceeded in the peerage by hm 
cousin, Jons Lovelace (J. 1700). whoM 
father, William, son of Francis Loreloco 



of thcfizM buoo. H« cook his eeat to th* 
Hoate of Losds in NovemUer ItMj mad warn 
mad'- ifuido« of the tune guilds, Tiee the Eul 
of WamtorUnd. oo 30 Mav 1690 O-vr- 
SSm). IlaTinz tnbmud Hiile or ocAh'mp 
Bxeepc creditors clunta with tbe title, be 
wu wTetebeilly poor, end did not Ttsry 
BAttfiallr tmprore hii poaliim hy his mur- 
riain, o« 20 Ot . 1 70J, in Cliartntte', deuffbter 
of Sir Jolu Clavtou uf RiclimoDd. He waa 
bowerer created ooloael of the newiMtment 
OB 17 Jul 17(^-^ ud Idned hands for the 
eoTrminent of New York and Xew Jtiney 
(in place af Lurd Coraburr, 'rvcall'd for nu- 
owiQve malpracticee and au>A[•^^'^p^iatiotu') 
88Marchl706. IIeNuledfK>mS)uiU»mpian 
in Spfrtember follDwiDg, beinff accotnpaaieil 
by fiflT-twu funiiliBaoC'poor raUttBiea.*who 
axeatated to bAv« beeatnefintG«nD«nemi- 
ffranta to America. Ncwacuneof hisarriTal 
IB Januaiy 1701). lie waa well received, and 
issued conciliator^* addroMea lo thecolontats, 
■who replied.wit h characteristic indppendetice, 
that they bad hitherto b«Mrn BiibiM.ttid to tho 
worst goTemment iu the world, but hoped 
for better things. Before be had e6ect«d 
aartbinf, however, be died of an apoplexy, 
on 6 May 1709, and was bnrini at New Yurie 
(BoTER, Armal*. rit. £44, viii. 9&0-i, 
KoSBBXe, .AVir Vorfc). lit? left two k>iu>, 
John and Ncril, surcvuiTc baroiu. Ilic Ut tor 
died in 173(1, wbt'ii the baronr bi^came dor^ 
niant, until it wiu^ n^ived in the ptT^on of 
William, eighth lord Kiag '({. v.] (For tho 
conn>.-ction between th« King and Lovelace 
fkmihus aee •Gent. Mag.' li^3», li. 144.) 

[Borkfi's Estiaet Pkanfoa. p. 33i ; fcm^ of 
England, I'lO. n. TO; WoodV l-'a^i. ii. 3fi2; 
Bl(nain'4 MAplnlcn Colltfto and James II (Oxf. 
Biflt. Sdc). p. tS: ItlDXADi's Hagd. Coll. RfR. i. 
106-T;R*li^.H(iiirti.i.'J49; Huttiphrfv Pridcaux'j 
Lattera to KUin Camd. Six.; l.yeoia'» Ma^a 
BritAnnia, i, 299; niirtiiit'ii no>i*« at Ofanjts, 
p. 76; Banki'BLil'ttut WUlJNin IIT, i;44.p.2ia: 
banke's History u{ Kti^Uiul. ir. 4 
ganl*>HiMoiT.X.3«.'<; .^.d^l.Ctuirtvra. l3filK;t8 
(title deedK&c.) ; Ailil. M88. S2t87-SO ([wpiTR 
ehirAy rrlMiDgtomnn^y in«tteni). 22196. f. 19A 
(a Ifttfr (rum L(.TrIiu-« to his Istber. dntwl 
aboai 1660); HT<>t.&ISS.Comni. 10th. lltfa, and 
13th Beporta. Appendiree. puaiin.] T. S. 

LOVELACE. KirnARD (16l&-1068>, 
raralier and poet, woa of an old Kemi«h 
faniilv, whirli had In-Id the manor of Itolhera- 
d«u KiQCtt ItUiT.atid was cloeelv allied lo the 
LoTelaooA of Kinpsdo'ft-n and Canterbury, 
and mure rcmuli-ly to the I>ovt-lace family of 
Hurley in Rer1c«bir«. Hir Williiim l»veluL-i>. 
■n-bowBsidmitted Dt Groy'tlnn inla48,aiidi ItHJO 74,p.ll:>^). 

oalled to tbe bar in l&dl^ was M.P. lb 
terbaTT in 1 1)62 and again in 1672 (i 



. q^r 

Ueiunu), nod jduved a aomewbot proouaenL 
part in Ida UsS parlianieni (l)'Bwi», ^xano^ 
»/ BarUamtiU tmder EtitaUUi, pp. I7^ »t^.) 
He was raiaed to tlte rank of aerguaut-ai-Uw 
in Kafiter tenu I5'll, took a Ibtvc ahara in 
Kenttah afiaiM, and waa bnhed in the UTe 
of Gntetborr Cathedral on I Apnl IST7 
(AnXmoioS. i'antiana. n. 197-200), B \» Wo, 
thepaet'ssrandfather, 8ir WilUiun LovfUre 
(1561-18^), knighud by (ju»en Qixaheili 
in 1509, wai a c<>rre«poDdeiit of Sii Uudirr 
Cark-ton Ki>'. ^tate Paperf.Xktm. lill-lBJ, 
and was burial at R^'tbencdcn, 12 Oct. 162tf. 
The pi*el's tal bi:r. aUo Sir William, * rf Wool- 
wich '^1584-1 A^KKwnredblBTely in the Low 
Countriw under Sir HotWM Vere (Colusa 
Letter* and Memuriai*, ii, 333), was bnigfated 
br Jomei I, and waa killed at the d«g« of 
* Ok)U»* b UoUand, leaving a widow and a 
Urgefiuniljf^. jir&L>.%r»:t), Of Ui>hard« 
younger brothers, the eld4«t, Fnmua, tint 
' Col'^uel FniDci-i ' of Lucaata, mtvW the- 
royalist cause in Wales, and waa gorcunor of 
Carmarthen fmro June I&44 until tliu town 
waa taken by Iiangharnv in Oclnber l(Vl» 
(Philufn, Ci«/ Mar m JIWm,!. :J.tS, S47,ii. 
I90,'i74; LovEi^i-E,P<j.T)w). Anolher Fran- 
cis LoTKlttce (Ifi04-I06l), with wh[>io the 
poet's brother baa boen confused, wa« eaa of 
LDuncelut LoTelai»>,of theCniiturbur^- brooch 
of the famUy. Ht- was admitted trt f irar'a 
Innon7 Aug.l609(.FoffrEll..ff«y.p. li'D.toak 
an actire part against the piu-liaruoiit tu Kfnt 
{Cat. qf Omni, /iir Vutitf/owading, p. 892), 
waa recorder of Canterbury in the year of 
the Restoration, and in his official unpariT%- 
delivctedan addreiw to the king and auotlitrr 
to t]w<jue«ninennfiraMuria),onlheirp4it^ 
aage through the place la October 1000. 11.. 
died on 1 March ItMU, being lb.;u Htewanlof 
the cLanceiy court of the (_'irq>ie Port* ( Cat, 
Statf Ttipera, Ham. Ii«i4, p. r,0-': Brit. jV«m. 
Cal.) Another of tbe pt»et'« brolhen, Wil- 
i/Vrto*' i'^' ' *"**"• ^^'^ under tbe poet in the ci\il war. 
i ■ «, ; - rj I "I'l was kilU-d alCnnnarthen in 1 &4fi( Jlork*, 
ed. Hazlitt.pp. ll>5aod.\viiia.) Thinnaiiwa* 
in 1628 admitted into Sutton's Hovpiul on 
the ground that his father had terred the king- 
' about thirty yeorB io the wnrrfts and left lus 
lady rich only in ^Tt->at utorv of children ' (Let- 
t*'r from Cbarlee I to govemnni of Siilton'a 
Hospital, dat«<l Kf-M, 3;. MS. 1»553. fol. 61 «; 
of. GfHt. Mag. 18M, pt. ii. p. 1!02). and tb«> 
young.vt't, Hiidley-PosthumuB, waa the editor 
of Kiclmrd's poMhnmoiut poems. A Tbunia# 
and a ]>udle\ LoTdaoe were acrring under 


Francis Ix>veliice fq. r.], governor of New 
^"nrk, in 1073 (Cal. Statr Poi 

Poprrg, Col. Scr, 
The j>c>t-t alto had tlu«>i>. 




■iaien, of wltoni the Tmine«st, Joane, married 
Robert CeMT, And Lad tLrvu daiifrbters, on 
whom t1i«tr uncle vt<Av' P&n«'«Secoii(] J ud^- 

The poet, wbo tr»s the eldest ofhui famitr, 
was bom at bis fatbtr't Lousv in Woolwicb 
in 1618. He was educated at the Chart*r- 
bouBu and at Gloncester Hull, Oxford, whcrv- 
he iuairicuUt«U 27 June ltt.t4, ' bi-ing llifn 
accouuted ibe most amiablt; aod bt-Autiful 
penon that vtct t*_vr bebcki ' (Wood), a [xrr- 
SOD also '(>r inuut<> mudfsir, virlue, and 
OOUrtly dfiMirlniPiit n-liirli niade blm tht'n, 
bot especially after, n-bfu b« rutLrvd to th« 
ffroat city, much admired and adored bytbc 
unaale mx.' lu 10^6 when tbo kin^ B'>d 
qoeeJi were for some dnyn at t)xfor<], hv was 
' at Lb« re<jB6iit of a ^mat lady belfjiiging' to 
the qu«<-n, tnado to tlwr Arcliluisbop of I'an- 
lerburr, ibi-n cbaDci^llor of (be miivcrvily, 
created, among other persons of rjualtlv, 
master of arts, though but of two years' 
ctmnding; at which time hiit ronvt'nuii ton 
bsin^ mads public, and conHoquently bis in- 
gettaity and cenerous soul di«coveivo, be W- 
came as mucb admired b>- the mate as beFore 
^ tba fvioaU- b«>x.' IK- was inoorporat^.'d at 
Oimbridge in tliu folluwin^ year. LovvUm 
bad already written 'TheScbolar,a Comedy,' 
irikichwaji acted with apnlau.«e during his 
reaJdeace nt (ilouoester llnll (lii:Mf, and 
ofterwardd repeated at the Mliitefrinra, Sulis- 
lluiyCouitj behad also comiueuced wi-iting 
oeoiMODal pootry, coniributinff TOr«ea to (he 
'Mtaanun Olouienaium Cban8trtia'(lrt3.'*>, 
and conunrndntfiry verses to Anthony 
H^odfeajs Kngllsh Teraion of ' The Loves of 
Cbtopbon and Uiiripjio ' (16:18). 


' pplsndour to the court,' but soon sought act ivu 

'oBploytDent in tbe field, lie was appoiuK'd 
nmga in the rojfijwnt of bw patron (Jejirge, 
lonl (jiiring (Peacock, Army lMt», y, 7(i), in 
the first Scottisb ucpedition of 16S8 ; In the 

I Moond expedition * he was coromifuinnatcd a 
kptaio in the same regiment, and in that 
time wroli! a tragedy called ' The Soldii*r,' 

'Imt ne\-er acted because tbe t\^6 was soon 
after -luppreaied* (Wood). Neither of his 
pla^s appean to be extant. After the paciG- 
csUon ot llerwiclj, being Uieu over twenty- 
one years of agi% Lovelace returned to Kont 
and took pocse»6ioa of bin famitr property nt 
Betheraden, Oian, Hatden, f^hndoxhun^t, 
and Cauterburi.-, worth al least ftOOf. per 
annum. He woa put on tbe commission of 
tbe peac« for tbe counir, nud in April 1B43 
iraaebaaen at the Maidatonf a»«tce.<i to dotiv^r 
to the {nrtinmvul t hu fumuu* Keur Uli ik'I it i<>n 
in tbe ItingV behalf framed by Sir tdwdfl 
l>eru]g_q.T.]ADdolberro>'alists. OnL'OApril 

a groat meeting was lield on Blacklieath to- 
back the petition, wtiicb Ixivoln^e had the 
temerity to present to llie Housi'S on ibo- 
j following day, though be tita nwnre of its 
rvsemblance tnnprevioiwp'-titiim from Keat 
presented in March on behalf cjf the liliIinM 
and liturff)',Bnd ordered by parliament to be 
burnt by ibe common hangman on " April. 
AVhen i|utsstiatied bffore tlio Houite, be was 
unable to expressly deny a knowJedga of the 
fnle of the enrlior documecr. He was ac- 
coMiiigiy.oii ."iO April ItUii.romiiiiUed to tbe 
Oatehouse at Weatminster (D'Kwbb, Jour- 
jwU in Hart. M$.\*)!A,i.'^'9; Vmnf I^ptra 
ifamd. Soo.). I&15, p. 17o; ParlianKnU w/irf 
C.,unril» «/ England, 1839. p. JWJ). There 

* he wrote that celebrated eong calltMl *' Slonu 
Walls do not a Prison m jte. On 17 Juno 
ltW2, Ilia rnmpaninn in misfortune. Sir Wil- 
liam Uotelur, IiavtDg alrestly nelitioned and 
bet-n WE at liWrty, he pra\ed for discbarjM 
upon ImiI 'inor^lertbat tie might serve Mrolosc 
the rebek in Irfland ' ( Hi*t. MSS. Coaim. 
61L llr-p. App. p. '2\i: \us ppticion, ourioitfly 
worded, i* quoted in full, Ao(e# and (/ucritvi, 
fiih ear. vi, 125). His request was promptly 
complii^ with, and he was bailed on tlie 
seciiritv of Williftm Clarke of Ilotbara 
(\\mtliam) ami Thomaa Flood of Oliom 
(l>lham).theprincijml in the sum of 10,000/. 
the sureties in HjIXIiil. anii>re, hie bail being 
noc<-pTed '2l June lQi'2 (Commou^ Joun»al», 
ii. t>l'9. 6*M. 

LoTelace was thii*t enlarged after about 
fieveii weekfl' inipn^toimient on condition of 
not stirring out of lliu lines of cnmmuiuoa- 
tion wrthout a pius from tbe speaker, lie, 
neveriheleaa, fumished hia bpntner*, l''rancis 
and William, with mun and money for Ibe 
king's cauM, and bi^youn^ccst brothi-r Dudley 
«-itb meatistostudy tactics and fortilicalious 
in Ilollatid. In themcanlime hii livi'd cxpen- 
.-ivfly in I>>ndoti, undHiHimii to have been on 
term* of intimacy with many of the wita of 
the day. Among bis associates were Lawe« 
nnd Oamble tbe musieians, before wboM!) 
rolunieji nf '.\yn*.H' he wpolBVorscsj (lidvoii 
Ayhwfll, Glapthome. who dedicated bin 
' Whitehall, a I'oem with Elegies,' lo hu 

* noble friend and giw^ip Caplaine l^velace ;*" 
Lenton and his friend (Aickaiu, Kuwlims 
HbH. the Cottons, Sir Peter Lely, on whoaa 
TwnrtrHit of CliarW I he wrote »ome of liia 
Iieft lineEi Tatham, the city poet, who wrote 

* au ini itatiou to bio Iov*d Adotii« (LorelaCH> 
being then in Holland' (OatelU. 1650, 4to) f 
Andrew Marvclt and most prohnljly J?uck- 
ling, who IB supposed to have npoHimiiliised 
him in his fauioun 'I lull (boe^Ilick, wliera I 
hav.'b.'^a' (IIaxmtt, xxxii. m.) 

On 4 .Vug. llUd beseems to have purchaMd 





^QiBfe«fbHrtyBt8B**'^t>" >■> Kent C'lniAool. 
Vaniima, x. 211), 4nd shortly tltcrwArdi 
Ihi ucua npiKsra to bnr^ tAl(f>ii up athih on 
tH'half of Oiu kin^- I" tli'> nultimn of this 
TonrThomaa VVillyA, a clerk of tho crowD. iu 

■clinncerjr, WM Ittkvn priwiaer by « Captain 
LotaUm, prMumitlily tli>» jwct \ Hist. mSS. 
<A'«ll».6th lU'ji. Ap|t. p. 10. ). Lovflaco wiib- 
MMUvntly joined ninrlPH in Uxftinl, and ntXtix 
Ihii mim-ndur vf ihat city in I64(t left Kng- 
Jnnil (prob*bly in thi> imin of IVinct^ Rupert 
wlvtMiled hill Illy), rniswl a rvgiiuent f«ir tlie 
■orviri) ofthtt Kninelt king, tbua at vnu* with 
-Hpftln, bemtno iU colonel, tnd rccoiTed a 
wuuad *t Dunkirk wht>n tlint- tnwii was cap- 
tured br Cund^y iti OutolK-r m4t). ]{vliimin|; 
40 EngUnt) in 1 tilH.Iit' and Iiifl brutbor Dtidl<^y, 
who had (Kirvwl (i»(i c»pl«ln undt-r lum,w*'ro 

■ oonimitt4''d co l*i-tn\IInii»e in Aldnnvntv (of. 
i»i'uju[.B, Tf'ju/iir)!, UlHl , p. 5tSi« J, having veiy 
powibly a^grnvnttid th^-ir political otfenc<> by 
Jnltiiiff Aoino iluire in the riotH and 'ditttvrn- 
uin ' of Kent, in the Jtuui of this year. I^ivl'- 
liitw iMigiiiliHl hit aeoonJ cotiliQi^aient by 
' traiuing for the prau* his* LucafttM, ; Plpo^i-a, 
Od«*. Bi)nn«t*,8oii|[*,jtc. To whiiib itt tiddixl 
Antmantbn, a Paatoraliby Uiclinrd l^ivuliicc, 
Kwi., London . . .to b« )ioIdbyThos.E%T8Cflr 
At tueOun in Ivii- Kane, IW!*.' Tlw-voliirae 
a dedicated to Lady Anne l^volavo, (he wifi» 

•of liif< distant kionuian, the M-c<jnd Jx}Td 
Jxivelaet.' uf Hurluy, ami has oomni^'odLitory 
viTBQS by, among otbor*. Frnncl* Lrn-d ach<, 
Andr^'w MarvL-UiBiid Krancii l^^ntou. I'n- 
tixed i» a piirtniir nf a lady engrovi?d by 
KaithuTOf, after Sir IVtiT Lely. The name 
^ i^ucasta' ifl 0UUT)o»ed to bo a contmction of 
' \a\jx C'OMtn,' and was possibly an imaginiirr 
pitntrnmin', nfter wbnm, in accordaart' wilU 
thafanmLiir pnictjc'iof called hi* 
p'letna. Kobort Ut-aTb [ij, vj named a Toliirae 
■of hU miacellnneoos iMienjB ' Cliirn Hlt'lbi ' in 
thefoUowingyenr, WofHl.howHVcr.idirnl.ifios 
' LucBsta ' witli a cvrlaiii Lucy Sacb«v«T*>!l. 
■who * upon a strnv roport that lyov.diwc was 
d^stdof nis -wniind rccuivKd at Diiukirk, wmti 
ofter marriatJ." Ilunti^r Nunniaea, not lm]'ro- 
baWy. that she wag a danghti^r of Ferdinando 
(aged 1.1J in IflU)), tt nnliiral i*on of Ht>nry 
Siichf'V^rell nf WarwickaUire, by Liicy, 
daug^btvr nf Sir Tlimry TlaaLinge of Xewark 
(cf. Sari. AfS. 1167. fol. 180), 

Among tht? voricd contt>nta of ' Lucafltn' 
nre 'To Lucssle, ptniig to the AVariwi,' set 
%iy •Tolin Laniere, 'To Aramantha, thiit ^bo 
would di-hi?vell Iter haire,' set by IIt;nry 
Law(>», 'Thu Serulinie,' set by Tbnrajis 

■ CharlPB, and reprinted in C-otgravo'a 'Wil's 
Intorpretiir,' li<J02. 'The nrabahopper.' and 
'ToAltbea, from l'riiinn,'iiptby John WiUon. 

'The iMt-mantioned waa conaidered by cou- 


temponriet a nualoqiii<c9. In a aerenteentb* 
oexttoty mmQuecript anthology, which be- 
longed to Dr. Bliss, it ta followed by aa ua- 
aignod 'Answer' (^'/rf. .If .S. 22608, t 16);it 
Wftvdowlv imitatrd tud expanded in an 'ex- 
ccUeutold song 'entitled' L«yalty Confinad,* 
originally printed in * Lloyd's JfemoUea' 
l\m><. |i. 9(1). and traditionally aacrihed lo 
Sir Itoger L'Estraogv, tbougb atthbutod ia 
the ' l)ritt*h MuKum Cataloffoe ' to Lav»' 
laoe himself (tba internal evidence farauci 
L'K^t range'fl autlionnhlp; m« alaa Pkrct, 
Hfligmt, 164fi, p. 173, and Mue Mitpobd, 
JifTfUffition*) ; and it clearly inspired tba 
6ne linea written by Pellison-Fontanier in 
tli«na«tile in 1062. 'ToAlibL-n' begun a 
D3W l«aA(! of lift) when reprinted in hit ' He- 
li(|ucti' by Percy, who miule neveraL conjec- 
tural pmendationn, which have aince men 
utiiv'fr»al!y oondemiifd. From Percy's time 
tbii lyrics of * Lucas t4i ' have betn twice edited, 
fuinil iariiLed in numi-ruus authologiea, fr^ 
quently arI in munir, and octraaionaUy bor- 
rowed fr»ui, notably by Campbidl, who owed 
th<t ft i^e phrase ' »entin«lstars«ot their watch 
in tba *ky ' to Jjorelace, and bv Byron. who*e 
'muiilt;^ breathing fmm the face' i« clearly 
under oliligatioa to Lovolaco'a 'Sang ^ 
Orpheiia,' ' 

Ijovtdacv waa rploaAed by warrant imnied 
from the council of etate on 10 Dec. IfrlO 
(Cal. Statf Paprrt, Dam. 1649, p. eL".'). In 
the s*m* year the manor of Lovvlace-Bt?thvn>- 
dcn paasiid by purrhasG to Kicbard Htd>r- 
(IUj-tki)). Hwliftd now *con8iUD>?dhia whole 
{mtnmony in useluss attempts to aerre his 
sovereign.' Wbereupon'hegrew.'aayiWood, 
'very mebincholy (which brought him at 
length into a cnn.sitniption), became very 
(Kvor in body and punw, was the object of 
cbnritT, went in ragged oloaths (whereas 
wlifnliewiiH iu biH glory be wore cloth of 
gi)ld iind t\\ \ er) iind nioi^t ly lodifed in obecnre 
and dirty places, moru K'tiltiug tho worst of ^— 
Iwggars and poorest of ser\'ants.' Almo wen* ^| 
«)iivi>ye<l to him from Charlefi Cotton and ^1 
nthf^A, but \\i- sank and dii'd in ItViS in a 
mean lodging in (.iiuipowdw Alley, between 
Shoo Ijnne and Fettor Lane, close to the 
Bprit when? a little mom than a hundred year* 
IftterChalterton wasgiveuapmipcr'sfunemL 
lie was buried at the west end of St. Bride'a, 
one of tho cburchea burnt in the fire of IStifJ. 

Mr. Haxlitt has quefltinnwl thi' truth of 
WiKid's ptclurif of l/>vi>lnce's peouir on 
the erroneous asaumptions that ' Lovelace's 
dmiglitiT Margnret' conveyed an eetnte at 
Kingsdown to Iiit husband, Mr. HenryCokej 
and that Gunpowder .\lley was not a mean 
locality. The Margaret Ix>ve]&ce in question 
wa« not the poet's daughter, but a coiuin of 







hfft btber (hkring; been married in 16K0, 
"when the pout vrw twvlvs vMirs uld), Ti-Li]i> 
I <iunpowder Alley ttu a linown Uaunt of 
' idigmt refugees, lurktog papist? and delin- 
r<quenU. The conjecTuir timt Hflnr the Iocs 
«f l.ucoxtA, 1.0vu1aOl- cun^iiled IiLmeulf hy 
mATT^iaa Althea, Uequallv gratuitoue. 

In Itwft his brother, Dudley PoslliHimis, 
vubltalieil'lVisthiiniePoein.iof Hichanl I>ive> 
uce, eaq./(l^<^li^^^ ^ Jiibn,aflDrward6 tliird 
lord LoT«Uce [q, v.l. with « portrait of the 
author deal^ned oy nU limther Francis, and 
4wooth?rplnt«'fl; perfect copies arp vwrv rare. 
The pocmB do not enhance the pnctVrcputa* 
tion, containing, with some f[Ooa lines, a Ur;^ 
■pTDportion of tfip ttlloj" whicb ■vraa not cntirctr 
-nliuvni from ' l.ticoAta.' Ajp|'>eiitleil are cJi'iries 
bv t'httrlt* Cotton, Jftm4^« Il'vwcU.and athfr.«. 

As & poet Korolace i« Icnown nlmosT 

»»xeliuire]y by hia best lyrics. Popubirly 
Ilia itame m more familiar than tbniii? of his 
conlrni|K>rane«, Carew, Siickliuf^, liaiidolph, 
and Waller, who are nt mrt^t points tits «ii- 
pvriurs. This is due partially, no tloubt, to 
tlie fiicC that his poeni^i not being v^r}- 
acceeiible except in ant\io\ogiea, f«v hare 
conrted diitappointment by perusing hia 
minor pieces. Itut if the latter liavo to 
many seemed inspired by * Dulnees in a 
Domino,* to a rery select few the most 
unaeconnlnble of Loreloee's conccit« do not 
nitpf-ar frigid; & writor in the 'Eneyt:lo[>ii?- 
tlta hritaniiira' (1H8.1), while admitlina the 
tntncacy and tortuoeity of bii thought as 
-wi-U ad his ryntAX, asserts thnt in intcllectuaL 
Awceos well as elaborate workm&iiFih LI), Lar&- 
lac« more nearly approaches Dunne tlion any 
«tber disciple. * Tae wine of his poetry is a 
dry wine, but it is wine and not an nrtificiol 
inutation.' Whether Lovelace is a mere 
Tecklc«s improvisatore, ur the moat fastidious 
-af the conceltiit^, rosy be open to arjfumeni, 
but it islilt-mhiy cerrain tlmt to the mnjnrily 

tot rradere hie minor Irrics will Tvoiuin tis 
1)oetry unintelU^ble. If none of his sonff- 
■writinji contemporaries, with the possible 
«-YC><pt^on nf Wither, could have siirpasanl 
tbv vxqiUKite * Tf 11 me not { eweet ) 1 am un* 
kindt'ftw coald have wTitten short pieces so 
ineli^nt or so rapid as some of the ' Pns- 
tbume Poems.* On a sun^r fnundntinn thnn 
the permanence of his poetry re^ts the cbivaU 
Tous repute in which nis life bos been bold. 
The Adonis of the court, *the handBomest 
utan of bis time,' be rejected a courtier's 
•career for the profession of arms, and bis 
heroimif rather than hi» rhyme, chalh^np-d 
the afl-quot«d comparisun with 8ir Philip 

H LoTdue*icoimectionwithSt.Bride's sag- 
Hinsted to RicbonlsoD the name of tlie hero 

of 'Clarissa '(cf. Lirion HrsT, Ti* Town), 
and thus, by an ironical destiny, 'IxiTelnce' 
psf<s<^d through the offpncy of Clarissa into 
cpmmnn une in the eighteenth century as a 
Bvnnnyra for o libertine. Though now attp- 
planted in Eni^liuid by the older Lathano, 
it still survives in France. 

There is a ponniit of LovbIoco in the Dul- 
wieli gallery (a bust, in nrmoiir, with rod 
siuirf and louf^iliu-k hair), which goes to justify 
' Aubrey's description of bim as 'a bandsoma 
i nmn ljutprowd'(ZiVj,ii.4AS). Tbisportrait, 
which was enffrnved (by Cianip) fur llard- 
I ii)(;;''8 ' Hiofpitpitical Mirror,' was uxhibiled at 
' South Keusinf^oti in 1866, Inthe print room 
at the British Musoumtherc are two enfpTired 
porlrnitA of Lovelace, which powu-sis special 
tntert'tit ; one by Richard Gaywood, in the 
charflcler of Orpheus, playing on the lyre 
and surrounded by the beasts of the forest, 
the other nn extremelr fine and rare print 
hy William riollor. there are also at Dul- 
wich porrmits of the poet's fiithor Sir WiU 
Itani, of Sir William of Itethersden, mid of 
Serjeant Lovelace; one of A[lli«a (which is 
eridently. as the rest are probably, by a 
Dur^-h artist ),andanam'^less portrait which 
may be Lucoatu, and wliicli certainty re- 
semMea the engraved portrait of her. 

[The iweouut given by Wood {Athens Oxon. 
ed. Biiof, tii. 4S0} bss formrd the )>asis of all 
]iTc» uf LovrlitL-e, and has bMD largely dnwn on 
, hy (iranecr (Biof;. UiHt. of Eiif;lAiid, ii. 30&-fl), 
Baker(Bio^. Dram. 1H1:>. p. 463). ('halmer^ind 
olhoni. and by Sir I-^^rton Urrdgos iiibiapoponi 
[ onLi^rHuceinOent. MnK. 1094, 1.92, i. 
99. 135, 1S0. A eburL aiemoir was prvtlxod by 
I SirgflrtohiMeditinnof Lnc?asta(1818),Boulet*tean- 
l togs of intoTMt wcTA mado hy Hunter (l^homs 
VaLuni, ii. 109-306 >, and cnrafol and interesting 
annotAlionson Wood pr<-(Ixr>l by Mr. Hnslttt tohis 
edition of Lovelaces works (oee, however, aoma 
aen-n^ btnctarcs oncertainof his * emoiclations * 
in North AmericAn Rerivv, July 1864). A 
valuable cuntributinn on tho ^nealu^ and his- 
tory of ths rarioui Kentiih fiunilic« of Lovelace 
has mora recently Wen made 1>t tliu Ker. A. J. 
Pearman to ArobiFologia Cantiiiun. x, IS4-220. 
and a full and accurate ]iii>ii)<>it by Mr. Anhnr 
E. Waite in the Oeatlfman's Mapnzine, 1884, 
Ii. 259. B«e also East«d> Kent poMim ; BerrVs 
CouDly (isBealoRies, 'Kent,'p.47A; LyBons's &i- 
vironH, 1. 109; Wh<^tli<yand Cunningham's Lon- 
don, i. 21, 339. ii. 69. 174: Lci^h IIudI's The 
Town, lfl.'i9, p. 87; HnUnn'aLit. I^ndmarka of 
London, p, 198 ; British Cntic. xix. 021-3 : Be- 
irospeclirs ReviRW. iv, 1 ll-IO; Wilkes's EncyeL 
Londinwiais; Eg. MS. 2725, f 10; Winrtanley's 
Lives nfKnglifli Poelxi KtliK'ii.S|iri-iRii.-iii<<if Baa- 
lish Poetiy, Hi. 27&-9 : Besdley's Sele-.t B«nuli(« 
of Ancient Englixb Poetry. toL i. p. Ivi; Ballan'a 
Lit. of Rarope, lii. 44, 373; Chambers's Encyel. 
of English UU L in i Ciaik's English LiL u. 27 : 




Wunl'sEDgliiihPooU.iJ.191; 8uBt«biif7'a EIiza- 
b«t^An Lit. pp. 3(5-7: Mia Mitford'a Kocollec- 
tioMofttUt.Life, 1857.p. 27+; Honrj Morleya 
The King kdiI the Commona, ISftS, xui. ; Vol^a 
nail Qu«ne», 'ind i47.irola.t, t-ii.,4lhser.i.u. iti., 
ith sor. »i,flUi i»er. x.; I>ulwi«h GalWy CfcU 
1893 i information kiiiillv fiirni*h»l hy C. IL 
Kith. Esq.] ' T- 8. 

LOVELL. [See also I^tei„] 

LOVELL, I)ANIKL(rf.IS18),iouni»li«t, 
vnR ior man; years proprietor aua editor of 
the • Stalesman,' a nt'w-ti'diHT (iroject^d in 
ISO^by J^^hn llimt. His oiilHpolit.-u cnlictsta 
of tile turi'.--» fluliji-citHi liim to much govern.* 
ment |)er»rcutiuu. lu IBllhe wa5 6eDt«nc«d 
to twelve months' impri«>nment for cojiyinif 
the reiTiftrk.4 nf the Maocheoter pnpurs on the 
conduct of ibw niilitary at Sir Francis Bur- 
tlutl's arrtjst ; while the original promulgators 
of llie libel were only called upon m pxpriws 
regret ftttli<'irina<lvert«nt'w. In AuifMsllt^l- 
h« vfoa a^aiti trieil and found guilty of a 
libel on t^u L-uuicua«on«rs of tho trnitapon 
eervice ; and although be pleaded thnt it was 
published without lusknowU'dgu or itanction. 
while li0 was in prison, he wuh KKiiteuciid to 
■pay a fine of 500i., to be inipri80tn.'d in New- 
gate for eightffTi monthx, ami t^i lintl securi- 
ties for thrw jearw, himself lii l,OUO^, and 
twoAuniliea in -jCKJ/. each. Being unable to 
pay th(!> line or find sureties, he remained in 
Rsol. Xt leniilh, on 23 Nov. 1814, Satniud 
SVhitbroud, iM.l*,, prawuted a petition from 
him proyiug fur u remiMiou or reduction of 
his nntt, and after soino tima the govcmment 
remitted the tine and n-iliiced the tinioimtof 
Becurity; hut Im was still inialile to pnxiuro 
it, and on 17 Miireli If^lo "WTiitbread again 
presented a petition from him, stating his 
utter inabiliTyto obtain the rwjiiireJR'Curity, 
and caHing the mercitnl cniisidn'ration of the 
hoiLw to hitt riid pli;j;bt , he having be«?n coii- 
fiiieil mmrly fourye(ir»in Newfpiti^. IlRwas 
iiltiuifttcly released, broken in liojdth and 
finniiciull'v riiiniMl. In 1H17 be was apiiin 
heavily dned for itTHiukinf; of tlie miiusterial 
evwniim journal as' the ]>n'Stiluted"Courier," 
ib0 vanerable nnostiito of tyninity niirl ojHireM- 
sioDtWhoiio fiill-lilnwn boKenesn and iiitauiy 
held him fiwl to liis present cotin&ction.<)aad 

ErcTented him from forminpr nww oni*«,' while 
A further nneiised the editor, Hantel Stiiart 
[g. v.], of popkotinfi (iOIJ/. or 7(XJ/. of the 
Society of the Friends of the Peojde. Lovell 
died in Solisburv Court, Fleet Slreel, on 
27 J>w. ISIH. Shortly before he sold tli« 
' Statei^miiit ' to SniniMiaD Terry, formerly 
editor of the ' Ar^fiiP.' 

fAiidmv*'* llriit«>!i JouroaliBia, ii. 71t 91.96; 
Fox Uoariio'a EngU^Ji yAwapapon,!. 3ft8; Genu 
Mag. 1818, pL li. p. (iC] O. ti. 

LOVELL, FUANXIS, Vucoixr Lotbix 
(I4<>1-14^7 P),born in 14^, a descendant of 
Philip Ijovel Iq-V.l, was eon of John, eighth 
(rf. 14^>, an adherent of ilenry \ 1, by bis 
wife Joane, dau||[bter of Jotin, fir»t viKOunb 
Beaumont. One of Francis's etstera, .Inane, 
uurriedSirBriauStapleton. Auother.Fridei- 
wide, married Sir Fdwanl Xorrig, and by bin 
bad two sons : John. est[uin> of the body t<> 
Henri' VIH, and Henry Nnrria [q. v.l, the 
itutiposed paramour of .\uae Bolejn. Thew 
taaies w«re coheireMes of tltt^ir iincle, Wil- 
liam, lord Beaumont, and t>etweea tbeir 
children tlie hamny fell into abeyance, until 
it was reator>:-d in favour of the de«cetKUnt« 
of tlie elder »i«t*r, l^ady Stapletoo, in 1840. 
Franoa Lovell was knighted by the Uuke 
of Olouceater, 2'2 Aug. 14-':^, while on an 
expedition afi^ainst theScot-i, and onLvNov 
14?'i wfut summoned to parliament m» thir- 
teenth barou Lovctll of TicbmnrHh. AHtT 
Edward's death be was a strung support!^ 
of Richard's claims ; he bad been one of Ri- 
chard's companions at ^liddleham CaaTle,and 
4 Jan. 14^:t was created Viecount Loti>1I. He 
also held the haroniee of Drincourt. fJrey of 
liotherfield. and HoUnd. Tbelloland l»arony 
had conit^ into hi.'* family by the marriafie of 
Julin, niiitli lonl l^ovvU, to Mntid, i;rand- 
daiightenind beireHs to Ilohort, lord Tloland. 
whodiW in iy"Jl, and in 14^ Fr&ncie Lovell 
had certain estate!* confirmed to him a« heir 
of the Holuiid^. In 14^ hu ntctiiviid many 
ftmatl AppDintments under the crown, On 
17 Mny he became constable of Wallinrfonl 
Oastle, on 19 May chief butler ctf Kii^Tand. 
on 21 May koeuer of Thorpe WakeBfild 
Castle. lie also oec&ine a privy councillor 
aiid K.iL, and from .Tunc 14^'ito 2:J Aup. 
14H.''i be wn.t lord cbaiubcrlain of the hoan— 
hold. At the coronation of Richard XII* 
7 .luly 14S'!^ he bore th« third sword. On 
2:1 Or t. I4.S.1 he was commissioned to lery 
men n^aini^t the Duke nf Itnekingliam. Itt 
Febnuiry 14}^:}-4 he oeaUted to found thi> 
puild of the Holy L'ro^al Abendon. Ho was 
one nf Kicbnrd'a most tnutted friends, and was 
' Lovf^l that doz'in the Lannistrian verne i)f 
the lime wbieL described Uiehard's admi* 
nistraiioa. 'i'be allusion \* probably to hia 
creat. He had further grants before I lie end 
of the rei^i, and in May 1485 wae sent t< 
Southauipton to fit out a Seetagaln«t HftoryJ 
Tudor. He failed, however, to pre^-ent bimJ 
from NuilinK round tu Milford in Attest. I 

Lovell fought at 1}«nworth. and after tlu 
balllv flL-d to Sanctuary at St. Joltu'8, Col-] 
cbf.'*ter. Here lio iieeius to hA\is been in* 
triguing, and perhapi; contemplated sub- 
mitlLDg to Henry. Otherwise it ta difficult 



to xaidvrntad vrhy hv wia nomiQAted to bear 
the aoeptre befoK the queen at b«r corona- 

Enrlj in 14^5-6, iMwever, he escsped 
iiorthward<«, mUod ft daneeroiu reroll with 
the iwo SiatfonU in Worcrslvrsliire nid 
Vork»hti>.', un<l iiMrly Eucct?i'dwl in captur- 
th^ kiiifi! vriiiW lie wu at York [ci. art. 
tJ VIIJ. When tberuingvasput dnvm 
T.ovp1I AmI to Lanrafthire, And ptutstid i-naw 
lima in hiding with Sir Tlioiaue Bn^ughton. 
He thi?n mani^ to ivach l-'Unders. Karlj- 
in May 14-S7. in company with John de la 
i'ole,eaTlof Lincoln, and Miirtin Sctiwiirtz.hd 
faUomd Lambert Simnel lo Iirland, and in 
JoM croBMd to Lanca«bire, takinir port in 
tiie hattlMof Braraham Moor (10 June) and ' 
^Uoke flO June). Hewaa neporu^d to have ! 
baen Inlled at Stoke, but was M«n trying to ^ 
•wim th« Trent on Iionobadc. and aoems to ' 
^L have mcajm.'v] to his hoitsi- at Minster Lorel, 
^K 4)adbrddiir», when- he liv^l for wme time in 
» vault, and probably died of starvation. In 
170H, whfii a new chimney was built at 
Milut«.T LoYvll, a rault was diacorerod in 
-nrbich wa^i the Kk«leton of a man (AuppoM^ 
to be tb« remains of Lord Lorell) wao bad i 
died aesteri at a tabk> wln'rv-oa wa» a book, 
ftapar,and ik>q. All crumhlM lo dufit wbvn 
«ir was admitt«d. The uncertainty felt , 
abool the plnce and time of bid dt;&tti is 
abown by the ' inquisitio post mortem ' 
(MHeDryVin, No. 110), ill which the jurors 
found that he had escaped beyond tea and 
difd abroad, lie b^d be«n attttlnt«d in 1 4^, 
■nd most of his Xorthamptonshim c«tatva 
■vmv ciren to I lenrv's mother, the Caunteea 
-of Ricuraoud. Lov^ll married,before H Feb. 
14WS~7, Ann>>, d«ii|iht*>rof Ilnniy, tliirlecnth 
ton) KuzIIukL, bill doca not seom lo have 
left iMiKi. On li*> DtH;. 1489 Ilenry granted 
his widow an annuity of 20/. 

[Oman'! Warwick, p. 01 (where 1470 should 
nadU«0); Ao Rngtiah Chromirle, ed. UaviM 
(Oandm Sac.), p. ȣ ; Three Fifteeotb-Cuitary 
Oiraa.,ed.(>nirein«F(Clamd(inSoo.)i,)).79; Ande^ 
•«b'» Ilitt. of tha HoTue of Yrtty. i. :id9-90; 
Buk»'»ExliuetP<«ruKe; Du^le'NOificial BbtoD' 
«^ ; flniit4 of Edvard V. cd. Nichol* (Caind«B 
i^-). UT. 16 «t Koq.; Aw. ii. 9th B«p. Dep.- 
KmJmt of PaUic Rr«orIs (Patant Bolb of 
Uicbaidlll); Kvmer'a FoBdera. zii. 118, &c; 
flaiidiMr'i Riehanl III. pp. 205. 237. 3S3. 308; 
Letlan and Fkp«n. Richard III and Henry VII, 
•^.OairdiMr (Rolls hter.), i. 234, ii. 371 ; flrrt 
three boobof Poly'lon' V'er|i)r«l!1«.of Kni^Und, 
M. EUis (Camden ?oc.), p. 232 ; ConiinuAlor of 
CreyJand in dole** Rerum Ang'limmni Script, 
Vet, \. «T2 ; Hntlaod ISp^re. «d, Jerdan (Cam- 
4ni Sne.), p. 13; Notaa and ijurrim. 3nd aer. 
i, 430, «0I. Ui. Jtb Mr. z. 28, 72 : RoUa of ^Al-fl, 27S, uJ2; Stubba'a Loe- 

t«vs on Med. and Mod. Uiat. 317 ; UriL Mna. 
Addit. Jdi^. S63Q r. S8, 6758 f. 181. 0032 1 4Q, 
6113 f. 125. 66J0f. 397.] W. A.J.A. 

1876), dramatic author, born in l?*)4, wa^ 
for manv years secrotarv of the Phisuix lo- 
aurance Companv. but Jevoted his leisure to 
writinji playa. liis Gratplay wantht* 'Aven- 
ger,' prridurednttheSurreyTlifiain^i in IKW, 
when Samuel Butler repreeealed thu chief 
character. This wm followed by the * Pro- 
vost of Brugra,' with Macrpadj- oa the hero, 
at Coven t (iard<!n 10 l-Vb. IK.'«i. The play 
wa* foiuid*^ ou ' Till* S-?rf.' a story in Lri.-ith 
lUtchie's'ltomancoof History,* and attainnd 
great pupiitarily. A novel called 'TheTrm*- 
tee,' which aopt^nivd in ISll, ftinher ad- 
vanced l»veir(i liienuT fame; * Love's ba- 
criBce, or the Rival Merchanta/ a flvo-oct 
drama, was hmught out at Coveat Oarden 
ou 12 Sept. It^lL', under Charles Eemblo's 
management, and the comedy of 'Look h«> 
fore you Iji^ap,' nt tho Haymarket 21) Oct. 
1840. l.A>vt.4t 8 mufit famoufi play, the ' Wife's 
Secret,' wa« purchased by ll'harW Kenn for 
400/.b«fon!a[ineofitwas'written. Itwaaori- 
ffinally ptodupod at the Park Thtatrc, New 
York, 12 Oct. 1^40 (lBKi.ugir, Xea York 
Stage, 1667, ii. 466), and was brought out 
at the llsyourkpt, London, 17 Jan. 1846, 
when it ran for thirty-»ix nights, and haa 
kept the etage. I^veHn lust drama, the 
'Trial of Love,' acted at tb« Princesa'aThoalrw 
7 Jan. 1852. ran twenlr-thrM ni)?bl4, witli 
Mr. and Mrs. Kcnn in tTie principal charac- 
ters, lie died at IS Lvndhurtt Hond, llamp> 
Bte«d, 13 May 187d, in ULi reveuty-fiah 
year. The majority of Eus dramatic pieces 
were prinl<?d. 

I^veirawift'^MABiA .Kssn LovBl.L (1803- 
1677). actress and dramatuHt, whom he mar- 
ried in 1830, was daughter of WiHoughbv 
IiBcy. patentee of Drury l^ne, who diwl 
17 Sept. Iftyi, and was bom in Jxindnn 
l6Jalyl80S. Shvfirstappeaivduii thestogo 
in 1418 at Belfast aa Mn;. llaller, when her 
sueoess was complete. In 182U she played 
at Glasgow and Ediuburgh in conjimction 
with Ecummd Keau and Charles Yuuiig. On 
9 Oct. 18±» ftbe represented Belvidera at 
Covent Ganle-D, which aha followed with 
fwbelU. and waa then engaged by the 
l e ssee, Henty irarris. for three yean. She 
excelled in patliplic part<t (Mas. C. BjlRoV 
Wilson, Our Ar/rrMc*, If44, pp. 250-6). 
On her marriue she retired ^m the ataga 
and employed hersalF in writing (days. 1^ 
drama < Ingnmar the Barbarian,' ja 'five acta, 
was translated and altered from Ibe fierraan 
(which on its production at Drury l^Aoe in 




18S1 fraillj owed its sueccw to the acting 
of .Mi^4 C'hnHnttfl Vandf-'nliolf iii tho eltiur«c- 
Icp O'f PftrtliKDUi) ; it was revived in Jyondon 
by Mi*8 SUry Anderson, tlie .Ajnvrican act- 
rwa, iti .Sfiiu'mbi'r I^H-t. Anothflr pipce by 
5te. I^vi"!], ' Thtt lleginnintj antl tht; End,' 
in four acts, wiu first performed ut th>» Hay- 
mnrlc-T in IftWi (A>o, H April, I^*77, p. 0). 
Klivdicil at l8L7ndbiiiat Kottd, Ilmnpt^teaJ, 
•J April IH77. 

[Em Almnnock, 1$89, p. 19 ; Km Dewsmper, 
Id May. 1878, p. S ; niiutrikted Lonilon Xowa, ' 
8 Judo 1878, p. 533, wJtli porunit.] O. C. B. I 

B/U)L-iJL'K (formi'Hy HtDcucK) 0'^^ 
ISG1\ innjor-ci-'nural, ii (K-swiidiiiit td" Sir 
SjiUtliielLnvi'll ^n.v.jiWaiibiom In I7S6. IIb 
was «ldei*l Aon of fstatilirme Badcock of Little 
Missondeiillall iiiid MnpiethnqR'IIjill.Biiclt- 
inabamshire, who servL-d in llio AuiLTiwin nv 
TnTutirmurywarHsnnubaltvmintbt- Uth foot, 
And with tilt* roytil llitcka militia in Ireland 
in IT^fi. Ilia nir*tl»-rwns tii*^ diiujiflitiT of 
WiUiam Buckle uf MytLu ilull and Oliawilyi 
GlriHctwrprnhire. Kilucated at Eton, !)« w(ls 
on Is Dec. ItrOo np[K»intcd cornet in tti* -kh 
li^ht dniffoons (now hiis.^r*), in wIikJi lie 
bt'caint! lit!ut.cuitul 19 Muy lHt>^, uiir] oiptutu 
12 Dec. I ^11. IIeser\ediu the ••xpt'diliuti to 
JI onte Video in 18t>7. on t lie stufi' of Ciir Samuel 
Auclimuty [(j. v.j Lnndini? with Li* ri>|^- 
ment in Pnrtujral in DfC^^robi-rlf^tCWjhi' surged 
with it tlirouffUoLit the Penin-ular campai^u 
of 1809-14, most of the time with the lijjht 
division. Ilu wa« prtsmnt at TaliiVi'ni, tliL^Cou, 
li'iipntfs d'llnnm <^wb«n> bt waH wiiundod), 
SalaKiftQ«t.Vitt<tria.Pyreu'*t«,Ni\elle, Nivf. 
Ortlivx, and Toulouwi, m all ten ff'Tiiral nc- 
tinnR. and including sevou sipK'>'-'*t foriy utiicr 
affairs, f(TCttt and sraaU. In li"U lie npfii^nrs 
to havrt bi'&n much einployed ou the left of 
the flrmy 8S an uiipnid inti'tUgt'nc<> otlicer, 
and wuH stronglv recotnruiL']Ldi_-d by WvIlJii^- 
ton for promtJlLon (Lturwood, IVeU, JJexp. 
iv. 300. V, 13). After thy war Budcock was 
pivwn R brt'v.'t inAJnrity (21 Ja:i. IHlSI) fnr 
hia IVnimsulur WTviwj*, nnd siibftitjui'fitly 
rec&ived tlm Peninsular nifdul with ulvrCQ 
clasps (TalaTiira, Diuaco, I'uenles cl'Ouoro, 
Badajox, Salrtmaiica, Vittotia, Byrenees, 
NivcTle, Xivt-, ()rthi.';(, find Timloiwo). On 
28 Oct. 1824 h(j WU8 brought Into the 8th 
light drapoon^ inovr huasarf), after the p(»- 
tum of that ri:';jitnBnt from India, and on 
31 Nov. iH211obtJiln«d alietitcnant-rolonelcy, 
half-pay unattached. Ho was one of th^ mill* 
tary reporN-n* under i.«rd Willinm Kiiii^r'n at 
the^iej^t'uf Oportu, and during tl»> Miguclito 
war in I'ortugal. Aftt-r hia return he pub- 
liabcd amuill ToLumeof 'Ugug-h LeuTes lirom 

I a Journal in Spain and Ponu^ in IE 
*3S. and '34.' London, 1835. On 21 Man-Ji 
Ift&t he exclianffed to the command nf iImI 
loth huHsawwithl^rdnrudenidl, aft^rwanlftj 
Earl of Cardigan. lu IdSii he was made K.n.| 
In IH-SSihetooktbelfithhussarsouttoMadni.] 
1(1 18-10, together with hia brothpr. Captain 
William Slanh opR Ttadoock, K.JI ., roy al nary, 
h«asaum«d tliesornameofLot'ell under royat 
iiifrn ninniinl, Hf became breTct-colon*! 
23 Nov. 181 1. Ou8MaiThl850beexchan^ 
from the 15lh huiuvars to half-pay I llh hu»- 
aars. He becameniaior^etieral 26Junel8M. 
and in 1 85(^ wha made K.C.H., and appointed 
colonel of tb« i:;th nnal lancera. lie diedat 
Brunswick Terrace, Brighton, 1 1 March 1801. 
aged 75. 

[Dod'a Knighlagv, 180D ; Hart's Army LisU ; 
Ofint. Mag. lSil,t 473.] H. M. a 

LOVELL or LO VEL, ROBERT ( 1 ««»- 
Ki'.Nll, nntumliiat, born at Xjupworlh, War- 
wiL'kiihire, about 1630, was younger son of 
Beniamin Lovell, rector of Lopworth, and 
brother of Sir Salathiel Lovell [q. v.] He 
became a student of Clirist Churcn, Uxfurdr 
'by favour [accordbig to Woopj of the 
vJHitors appointed by porliamont' in \&i8, 
and gradiiBte<] B.A. in ]6o9 and MjV. in 
IBoS. lie ttudied botany, Ecology, and DUDo- 
ralo^, and 'im workii on these aubjecta mn 
published in 165!) and 1^1, while hewaaftill 
apparently renidt^nt in Oxford. 'Aflertrarda,* 
Wtrtid L'lintinuiWf ' lie rutinxl to Coventry, pro- 
fessed physic, and bad some jiractice therein, 
lived a conformist, and dieJ [there] in the 
cojnniunion of th>i church fin No\'eniber 
1090].' He was buried iu lloly Trinity 
Church. Coventry. 

Lovel's first work woa * na^doraivXovwi : 
stVR Eiicliiridion Itotanicum; or a Comploat 
Uerball, eontaiitin^ thu sum of ODtii-nt and 
modem Authors , , . touching Tre*«, Shrubs, 
Plants . . . wherein all that ore not in the 
Physic (inrden in Oxford am noted wiih 
asterisks. . . to^tht-rwitb an Introduction 
rn Herbftriarae, i5;c.,aii Appendix of Exotio^ 
and an universal Index ot Plants, ahowinff' 
what jrrow wild in England,' Oxford, lH5i), 
8vo. 11 contains a list of nearly 250 aathon* 
citfd; but Pultoney mentions it mainly * to 
regret the mliappUuilion of talents, which 
demonHtrnle an extennive knowledge of 
books, a wonderful indunlry in the collection 
(if his mnti.Tia!s, and not lead judgment in 
the umingi'meut/ Tim work reiicued a se- 
cond edition in \<i&i. iVfeanwbile the author- 
iflsuedaconirianioriwork, 'lIfijuC<^')/»viiri»X«yia: 
a Cotnnleat H isti>ry of Animals and Minerals, 
with tlieir Pliic*?, Nalurus, CausuH, Proper- 
ties, and ISiQi,' Oxford, ItJOl, 8va. 



[Wood's Atbrav OxDO. tdI. it. ml. 296 i 
TVocd'B FsBlt. vol. ii. c>lx. ISO acd 176; F.L. 
ColriVs Worthk-* of W&rwkJuihirr. p. S18; 
Pult«n«j's Sk«lchpa of the Vrtfiitia uf Botiinjr, 
i. 181-4 : FwtcrV Aliiiuni Ouin.) O. S. B. 

LOVELL, Sir .SALATHrET. (Iftlfl- 

1713), jutipv, eon of B<?njamm Lovell.rotlor 
of LapHortli, Warwickflliire. and brother of 
Robert I/iToll J^q. v.^, wagboni in 161B. He 
was callitl lo iiip bar al Gray's Inn in No- 
VBCibor 1056, and became an aocieol of lb« 
inn in 1671. In 1684 he wns counsel for 
BaclieTetvU, who with others was indicted 
fnr a riot at an t'lertion for thy tiinvomtlT 
of Xotlin^ham. In .limt> ttlP'H K*> btHramu a 
seijeant-at-law, and four years later he wa« 
a candidate againal Mr. Selhy for the re- 
cordenihip nf London. 1*^011 cAiHliilate ob- 
tained twelve rotes, and Lovetl wa« elected 
br the cantinff Tote of the lord maror. On 
22 Oct- 1092 ht" carried up an aadresa of 
eongratulatioD to thi> kin;^ at KenMnffton 
Palace on liia return from abroad, una an 
ioritatioD to n banqiu't at the Ouildhall on 
lord mayor's (]ay,»Rj was thereupon knighted. 
In ]*>'i>o, tm 'Ji Mriv, the tint day of term, 
h« "wi* called within the bar b^ ainffs Ser- 
jeant, and in the following jear became a 
judge on Chv Weleli circuit. He rontiniied 
to be priDcimlly occupied with tbt; ndtiiiiiL»- 
tntioD of the criminu law, aiid iii 1700 he 

Etitioned the crown for a grant of the for- 
ted estate of Joseph Hnrton of Cotton 
Abbotts in Cheabtn, un the f^ruund that he 
bad been more diligeni in the dUcoveryand 
convii-t ion of criminiils than any other person 
in the kingdom, and that he luid bei'na loser hv 
it, hi* po«t being worth but 80/. a year witli 
ft'W pf^njuisttes, and usually beinff regarded 
MB a mero flli<initn);-ftlom> to a judgeship in 
Wettminater Ilall. In .hiiie 1 7(X), when the 
tnperoDDtiation nf Baron I.echmere waa ex- 
pected, Lor<-ll wa« loitked on a« his ftucce»M>r, 
Dot be continiic-d without rewanl until ulti- 
mately the land in question was groitted to 
him,andonl7 Junel70<tj.atlheageofnlTiHy., 
(if was anpotnted a tiflli baron of the •■x- 
dieiiiier. He bad naigUL^d his WeUli judge- 
ebip in the prerioua year, and now vncaicd 
thepecotdcrsnip. Ileiaton the bench five 
yeera, but was old and incompetent. 11^ 
'waa ' di8tiiiguiishL>d principallv for bin want 
of memorr, and his title of reconlPT wait 
converted into ihe nickuatne of ihetl'bli vi*cor 
of London.' He difd H Slay 1713. A MD 
SaniUfI became a Websh judge. 

[Tom'» JudgM of EngUbd; StAte Tritdi, 
X. tfl : LaUreti'A Dijirr. i. 4«8, it. 4*0. 471t. AOft, 
tti. 470. ir.6l2, ri. 160, 316, ItIS; R«diiwl(>n'a 
Traamii7 Papm. 16t)7'I701 p. Ml. I70S-; 
Ep. 9», 28C.J J. A. U. 

speakiT of the House of Common*, was fifth 
«jn of Sir Italph IjovuII of Iturlon Bendiab 
in Norfolk, by Anne, daughter of Kobcrt 
Toppe, ntderraon of Norwich. He was pro- 
bably n-Iatetl to Fmiieis, viscount Lo\-eIl 
[q. v.] ; liifi family had bi>uoee«ted at Barton 
Beudish since the fourteenth cvntury. and 
was l^nra^trinn in politic*. llin eldii-M 
hnitlii-r, {in-gory, iiiln-riled Itnrtnii llenili!>b, 
wui* knigliti'd nl Slohr in I4'^7. and wae, by 
Margaret, daughter of Sir William Brandon,. 
atandard-t*arcrto Ilenrral Itosworth Field, 
father of Sir Thomafl l^vtdl of Hjirton Iliti- 
dieb and tif Sir FmuciH IjutcII (</. IG.~)U>, 
who became adopted eon and heir to hi^ 
uncle. .Vnother brother. Sir Roht^rt Ixirell 
(r/. I-^^t)?*), wa.<) mndd a kni^ht-bannerel el 
Blackheath in 1497. Tliomax Lovell seems 
to have been entered at Lincoln'* Inn, and 
in 1473 received im annuity of twenty i-hil- 
lings a year from Henry Hevdon. a nngh- 
bour, in coa^lderattun uf the valuuble advice 
be had given. He adhered to Henry or 
l^ancoAler, duke of Kichmotid, aRenrards 
Hi^nry VII, and wa.i attainted in the fir»t 
parliament of llichnrd 111. He returned 
with Henr%*. fought nt Hrwin-orth Field, and 
his attuindi-r wug n!vur»il in Hc!nr^' All's 
first parliament. On 1:^ Oct. lltVi he wai^ 
created choncellor of the etdiwjuer for life: 
on ■-*" <>ct he became e«guire of the Iting'a 
body, with a pension of forty marka a Tfar, 
and he «as advanced lo be knight of I he- 
king's body before August 1467. lie waf; 
aim tretuiurer of the king's and qupenV 
chumben. In the parliament Hummone<t for 
7 Not. 1485 Lovell was chown for Xorlh- 
amptonahire, and on 8 Nov. 14>SA bo was 
eleeled -''i»eAVer. Ht- hctidcil the commons 
on 10 iJuc. 14^'), wlien they renuested ihe 
king to marry Elixabetb of YorK, to whom 
he Hubiwquently lent WMW, upon the necurily 
of her plate. Or S .July 14^ hu woji one 
of the commisKion to treat with the Scots. 
Ue probably continued to sit iu parliament, 
ihnugb it iaonly eertnin that he was electwl 
to tiiat Miminoiifd for If! Jan. 1496-7. Sir 
Jidm Mordaunt wiw chosen iq^eaher in 14S((. 

In Ht*" Lovell aided with Henry against 
Lambert Simnel, and he and hi:4 hrotlier» 
fought at Slokf, where be waa knighted 
(9 Juiie>. On 11 March 1489 be became- 
con«table of Nottingham Cantle, 

The s*rrvicefl rendered by Lovell to 
TTi^nry VII included au aclivu participation- 
in the kinpg policy of Mtortions; numerous 
bonds which were made to Lovell, as well 
as to KRi|ffian and Dudley, were cancelled 
early in the n-ign of Henrj- \'nL Id >'o- 
rember 1494 b« was present at the touma- 




[a- ■^'■,1. 

menlA celebraliiu t. a of Priiir« 

Ilaory Pake of \ ork, i <U0 ho acuom- 

paiu«a the Inn^ nt lii Mg vitb llie 

Arclidttlto Philip iie&. . .nis. In 150:? be 
bncaoie truiuuror o{ the hnitfiehold mid ]trc~ 
«ident of tho council lo 150^ he wiiit mudi- 
K.O. About hXli he niipuars to liavo bevn 
bii^ stuward of ihv univorsities of Oxford 
and CiLfflbrid^, He act«d as bh executor 
for Cecilia, ducbena of York (d. 1494), Lady 
Mai^aret, coimt^w^ of HicHaiond, and 
louadren of St. Juliii'tt CuIU-^l*, Cambri(l(;4_>. 
Haniy VII, Sir Thomas Braadon [i 
John, earl of Oxford (rf. lol^), oui 
Robert SbeiGeld, lord mayor of London, who 
diud about ITiU. 

Henry VIII comiautd to croplov Lovell. 
He w&a reap]>oint«d cbnncellor of th« ex- 
chequer, was madfl constable of the Towpt 
tu lo09, and surveyor of Cbt- court of vrards, 
«nd«tewaxd and maraliul of the hoiueUold. 
Oo S Sept. lol3 hv woH commiuionod to 
levy men in the midlands for eerrice against 
tho Soots, aad on I^ May 1614 sithar be or 
hi» n*ph*w Tbom«», who was Imigbted in 
1513, lundvd at Caluis wiih a hundred men, 
and WHS Bhorily afti^wards joined by three 
hundred more. 

TLi> riM of WolBoy'* power eeems to have 
alFertcd bts position. (jiiuBtiuiu.Di n*rau> on 
17 July lily that Lovell lad withdrawn 
liimiHtlf from public aETuirH. On Ascension 
Jay 1510 Marg&ret [q. v.], anieen-dowager of 
HcallRod, viaitud hiip nt Elsitig, near Enflftid, 
in Middienex, a hniifii? im had inliented from 
his bruth or- in-law, l^dmuiid, lurd Houa, in 
1508. On 14 .\lay 1523 be was reported to 
be Tory ill, and hu died at Ehing on 1*5 May 
1524. lit' was biiriffl in ft citantn' cbitpel 
he had built at llalliwell, or llidywcil, 
nunnery in Short-ditch, u, liyuw of which be 
wiui regarded aa a bl-pouJ fuuoder. His 
iiint'ral was very magnilii^eiit ((-f. lirit. Muk. 
Addit. MS. 12-10:i,parte of which are printed 
ia ItOBiKBOS's Hfft. of Enfield, i. \'M). His 
(Kirtrftit was formerly in u stained-glass 
window in MBlviTiiLhurch. Ivuvell con- 
tributed towards the building of Caius Col- 
It-'gtt, Oambridgf, ami built a nateway for 
Linculn'e Inn. llt> also built a manor-hoLiHe 
at llarling in Norfolk. 

Lovcll married, Knc, Eleanor, daughter of 
Jeffrey KntclilVi^ ; and, swondly, Iriabel, 
daughter uf Edward, lord Kuus, uf llam- 
Uike. a widow, but left no issue. By the 
nutDerou.s grants which be had from 
Henry Vltl \iv died very rich, The greater 

Firt of his eetntEia pa^Hud to bis iiepliew 
rancis, whom he calls in his will his 
cousin. Francis was succeeded by bis .^on. 
Sir Thomu Lovell {d. 1607), and had an- 

other son. Qre^ry Lovell (IW:!-I597), who 
wa.* cofferer to the bouwhold, and rocei»e»l 
a l'_-a*ti uf Mertnn Abbev, SumsT, from Eliza- 
beth in ISyti-". 

[Fonl' Enilold, pp. 68aiMlaq.: Qlia's 
Hilt, of Sbor^diteb. p[k Ifl3 niid mj. ; jiaoniitg 
and Bray's Sarry, pp. 254, 250. 51T ; Lodga's 
Illiwir. of Brit, flist, i. 13 ; R.jIiiu»on's Hist, of 
EafieLd. i. 128 and aq. ; BlemnflL>ld's Norfolk, i. 
.'12.1, rii. ST3 : Coopar'i. AUimi» Oiatabr. i. 
SO, ft20; CaidptwU's Matnrials for a Hist, of 
. . . H<'ti. V[I [RelU SflT.), Tols. i. ii. paasim; 
Gnirdner'!! Lrltor* and Papers Illnstr. of iha 
Rnign or Henry VII (Kolls Ser.), i. 181.403, 
414. ii. 86; Brewur's Reign of Henry VHl. i. 
-53. 195. 248.170; Rotuli .'^cotije. ii. 47S. «76 ; 
Gd. of Letters and Ptvpnnt l[«o. VUl. pp. l.SO!l- 
1523jnuiti); I'astan IjoUprs, ed. C>airdn«>r, iri. 
S92; Chron. of Cabiis (Csrad. Soc.), pp. 6. 14. 82. 
81; Uetcalfe'a Knieht% pp.JS,t6, Ifl. 27.28,^1; 
Latimer's Works (Parkur ploc.), ii. 29« ; 'WiUi* 
and Clark's Arch. Hist, of the Univ. DfCarabr. i. 
1«9 : Nioobi«']. Pnr.v Piirm Cspciucs of Klitabsth 
nf Ynrk, p. MO; Tmt&meRta V'etasta Msaiin 
(p. 610, LivvII'm will): Wmtot'h Faoemll Hona- 
rannt*; Brit. Mub. Addit, M.^. 12463 (neeounl of 
lyjvell's estutM at biv doulb); AddiU 3Ii^. 10140 
Diivy'(iSaflr.Coll.Tal.liiT.)hBsapedigro<i showing 
that Ralpb LoveH of Bescham-iroll was Lorall's 
graat-uijcle, not his ffttfitr.J W. A. J. A. 

LOVER. SAMUEL (179r-186«>. wmg- 
writvr, novelist, and painter, born in Ihiblin 
onS-l Feb. 1797, wttslheeldBfttfionofa Dublin 
atockbrok*r,aJid was educated privately lit 
Iii» natire city. As a child of extraonlinaiy 
nreconity nf talent, wliipb be showed cfaielly 
in his aptitude for mimic, be was until bis 
nineteontb year the idol of his father. Hut 
after he (-ntLTed bis father's office he found 
the ocrupation very uncongenial. Frequent 
quarreU with hU father Itid to a complete 
riiptuii;, end at the age of seventeen Lover de- 
Lermintrd to earn Itia livelihood as a pointer. 
E(>.4 natural and acquired capacity for art 
wft4 alrcndv considerable, and tbe rndgment 
of (we of lits onlngifltS; after his d'eath, a