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ci SoMX seven centuries ago, two distinct languages were spoken 

^ throughout England, the Anglo-Saxon, which was that of our Teu- 
tonic forefathers, and consequently one of the pure Teutonic dialects, 
and the Anglo-Norman, one of the Neo-Latin family of tongues, 
which was brought in by the Norman conquest. For some time, 
these two languages remained perfectly distinct, the Anglo-Norman 
being the only one spoken or understood by the higher classes of 
society; while the lower classes, and a great portion of the 
intermediate class, used only the Anglo-Saion. Some only of the 
middle classes, more especially those engaged in mercantile occu- 
pations, were acquainted with both. It was not until the thirteenth 
century, when the intercourse between the several classes had become 
more intimate, that an intermixture of the two languages began to 
take place, and then all the educated classes appear to have been well 
acquainted with both tongues. From this time forwards, an English 
writer, though using the Anglo-Saxon tongue, adopted just as many 
Anglo-Norman words as he pleased, — in fact it had assumed the 
IV ' character of a language of two ingredients, which might be mixed 
•^ together in any proportion, from pure Anglo-Norman (pure, as regards 
y^ the derivation of the words) to nearly pure Anglo-Saxon, according 
1^ to the class of society for which he wrote. Thus, as late as the 
* middle of the fourteenth century, the language ot Piers Ploughman, 
^ which was designed for a popular work, contains a remarkably small 
^^>\^ mixture of Anglo-Norman words, while in the writings of Chaucer, 
^' who was essentially a Court poet, the proportion of the Aiiglo- 
^' Norman to the Anglo-Saxon is very great. Much of this Anglo- 
^ Norman element was afterwards rejected from the English language, 
^ but much was retained, and of course a proportional quantity of Anglo* 




Saxoo ^as displaced by it. In consequence of this unsettled state of 
the English language, the writers of the ages of change and transition 
contain a very large number of words belonging to the Anglo-Saxon 
as well as to the Anglo-Norman, which are no longer contained in the 
English tongue. 

Such was the first process of the formation of the English language. 
The limitation of the Anglo-Norman element seems to have taken 
place in the fifteenth century, when a considerable portion of the 
Anglo-Norman words used by previous Euglish writers were rejected 
from the English language, and were never seen in it again. But as 
these disappeared, they were succeeded by a new class of intruders. 
The scholastic system of the age of the Reformation, had caused a 
very extensive cultivation and knowledge of the Latin language, and 
it is probable that the great mass of the reading public at that time 
were almost as well acquainted with Latin as with their own mother 
tongue. In consequence of this universal knowledge of Latin, the 
writers of the sixteenth century, without any sensible inconvenience, 
used just as many Latin words as they liked in writing English, 
merely giving them an English grammatical form. The English 
language thus became suddenly encumbered with Latin words, until, 
at the end of the sixteenth century and beginning of the seventeenth, 
the practice of thus using liatin words was carried to such a degree 
of pedantic affectation, that it effected its own cure. A popular 
writer of this period, Samuel Rowlands, in a satirical tract published 
in 1611, under the title of "The Knave of Clubbs," has the following 
lines upon this fashion, which had at that date reached its culmi- 
nating point : 


As on the way I Itenerated, 
A Rarall person I Obviated, 
Interrogating time's Transitation, 
And of the passage Demonstration. 
My apprehension did Ingenious scan, 
That he was meerely a Simplitian, 
So when I saw he was Extravagant, 
Unto the obscure vulgar Consonant, 
I bad him vanish most Promiscuously, 
And not Contaminate my company. 

A few of these Latin words have held their place in the language^ 


but our writers, from the latter part of the fifteenth century to tht 
middle of the seventeenth, abound in words adopted from the Latin 
which modem English dictionaries do not recognize. 

From these and other causes it happens, that of a very large 
portion of English literature, one part would be totally unintelligible 
to the general reader, and the other would present continual diffi- 
culties, without a dictionary especially devoted to the obsolete words 
of our language. It is the object of the volumes now offered to tlie 
public, to furnish a compendious and useful work of this kind, which 
shall contain the obsolete Anglo-Saxon and Anglo-Norman words 
used by the English writers of the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, 
many of the obsolete Latin words introduced in the sixteenth and 
seventeenth centuries, as well as words which have been adopted 
temporarily at various times according to prevailing fashions from 
other languages, such as Freuch, Italian, Spanish, or Dutch, or 
which belonged to sentiments, manners, customs, habits, and modes, 
that have existed at particular periods and disappeared. 

There is another class of words, forming at least an interesting 
portion of the English language, and coming especially within the 
objects of a work of this kind, those of the provincial dialects. There 
can be no doubt that the peculiar characteristics, or, we may say, the 
organic differences of dialect, are derived more or less from a diversity 
of tribe among the Anglo-Saxon settlers in our island; for, as far as 
our materials allow us to go, we can trace these diversities in Anglo- 
Saxon times. As, however, during the middle ages, and, in fact, 
down to very recent times, the intercommunication between different 
parts of the country was very imperfect, progress, of whatever kind 
was by no means uniform throughout the kingdom, and we find in 
the provincial dialects not only considerable numbers of old Anglo- 
Saxon and even Anglo-Norman words, which have not been pre- 
served in the language of refined society, and which, in many cases, as 
far as regards the Anglo-Saxon, are not even found in the necessarily 
imperfect vocabulary of the language in its pure state which we are 
enabled to form from its written monuments; but also numerous 
words, in general use at a much later period, but which, while they 
became obsolete in the English language generally, have been pre- 
served orally in particular districts. The number and character of 


these words is very remarkable, and instances witl be eontinnall) 
found, in the following pages, where a word which is now considered 
as pe^aliarly characteristic of the dialect of some remote district, 
occurs as one in general use among the popular, and especially the 
dramatic, writers, of the age which followed the Restoration. 

Words of this description are a necessary part of a dictionary like 
the present, and they have been collected with as much care as possi<* 
ble. On the other hand, the mere organic differences of dialect, as 
well as the differences of orthography in words as found in different 
medieval manuscripts and early printed books, have been inserted 
sparingly, as belonging rather to a Comparative Grammar or to a phi- 
lological treatise, than to a dictionary. In fact, to give this class of 
variations fully, would be simply to make a dictionary of each parti- 
cular dialect, and of each medieval manuscript, and to combine these 
altogether, which could not be done within any moderate limits, and 
if done, with regard to the manuscripts especially, the first new 
manuscript that turned up would only show its imperfection. It has, 
therefore, been considered advisable not to insert mere orthographical 
variations of words, unless where they appeared for some reason or 
other sufficiently important or interesting. There are, moreover^ 
certain letters and combinations of letters which are in the older 
forms of the English language interchangeable, so that we constantly 
find the same word occurring, even in the same manuscript, under 
two or three different forms, none of which are to be regarded as 
corruptions. To insert all these forms, would be to increase the 
dictionary twofold or threefold, for the words in which those letters 
occur, without any proportionate advantage; I have therefore in 
general given the word only under the form in which it occurs most 
usually, or which seems most correct ; but, to facilitate the reference, 
I add at the end of this preface a list of the more common inter- 
changes of this kind, so that if a word be not found under one form, 
it may be sought for under another. 

Various and indeed numerous glossaries have been already pub- 
lished, both of proviicial and of Archaic English, but most of them 
have been special rather than general. We may mention among these 
the valuable work of Archdeacon Nares, which, however, was de- 
voted only to the writers of a particular period ; the extensive under- 


taking of Boucher^ vbicL was not continued beyond the latter B ; and 
the numerous glossaries of particular dialects, among which one of 
the last and best is that of Norlhamptonshire bj Miss Baker. The 
** Dictionary" by Mr. Halliwell, when we consider that it was almost 
new in its class, and that the author had many difficulties to con« 
tend with, which would not, perhaps, have existed now, was in every 
respect an extraordinary work. 

In compiling the following pages, I have taken all the advantage 
I could honestly of the labours of my predecessors, in addition 
to a large quantity of original material which was placed in 
my hands, and I have added to this numerous collections of 
my own, especially from the dramatic and popular writers of the 
latter half of the seventeenth century, and of the earlier part of 
the eighteenth. I have also profited by lists of local words com- 
municated from various parts of the kingdom, and among those who 
have contributed in this manner, I have especially to acknowledge 
the services of the Bev. E. Gillet, of Bunham, in Norfolk. To 
make such a work perfect is impossible ; but I hope that, on the 
whole, the present will be found one of the most generally useful 
works of the kind that has yet appeared. 



a, 0, and sometimes ۥ 
«r, cr, OTf ur. 
bef bit by, as prefixes. 
c, 8, chy shf »ch, 

Jk. often omitted where it ought to be inserMi 
or used superfluoosly. 

«, y. 

k, Cf eh, 
0, 00, ou, «. 
gu, wh, to, 
t, n, 

9W,9gU, JUm 

iff 9- 






k, the definite article, is a mere 
abbreviation of arit which was 
used before consonants as well 
as vowels, till a comparatively 
recent period. The obsolete 
modes of employing the article 
are not very numerous. It is 
sometimes repeated with adjec- 
tives, the substantive having gone 
before, in such phrases as, " a 
tall man and a good." It is not 
unusually prefixed to many, as 
"fl many princes." It is also 
frequently prefixed to numerals, 
as a ten, a twelve. 
And a grrete hole therin, whereof the 
flawme came oute of.. And aftyre a vj. 
or vij. dayea, it aroose north-est, and so 
bakkere and bukkere ; and so enduryd 
a xiiij. ny ifhtei, falle lytelle chaunnrynge, 
goynge trom the north-este to the weste, 
and some tyrae it wulde seme aquench- 
ede oute, and sodanly it brent fer- 
vently ageyne. Warkworth's Chron. 
The Kynee and his connselle sent unto 
dyverse that were with the erle of Oxen> 
forde prevely there pardones, and pro- 
niysede to them grete Teftei and landcs 
and goodes, by the whiche dy?er8e of 
them were turned to the kynge aycns 
the erle; and so in conclusione the 
erle hade no5t passyu^e ane viij. or ix. 
menne that wolde holde withe hym ; 
the whiche was the undoynge of the 
erle. lb. 
A is very commonly used as an 
ibbreviatioQ of om, as **Thre 

persones in a Godhede/' (three 

persons in one Godhead). 

Hir a schanke blake, hir other mjt. 
Ballad oj TrueTkomat* 

It is used often as a mere exple- 
tive, generally at the end of a 
line in songs and popular verse. 
J, for on, or at, before nouns ; 
thus we have a place, at the 
place, a field, in the field. As 
representing on, it is frequently 
prefixed to words in composition, 
sometimes apparently giving in- 
tensity to the meaning, but in 
general not perceptibly altering 
it. Thus we have constantly 
such forms as acold, for cold, 
adown, for down, aback, for back, 
aready, for ready. It appears 
sometimes, chiefly when used 
before verbs, to represent the 
French preposition a, and was 
then no doubt an adaptation from 
the Anglo-Norman. Thus ado 
seems to represent the Fr. a /aire. 
The following are the principal 
meanings of a as a separate word, 
(i) Always; ever (from the 
A.'S.) ; still used in this sense 
in Cumberland. 

A the more I loke theroB, 
^ the more I thynke I fon. 

IkfwneUg 3fysteri«^ 




(2) Yes (« contractioB of aye). 

(3) And. Somertei, It occurs in 
this sense not unfrequently in old 
MSS., perhaps an accidental 

(4) An interrogative, equivalent 
to what r Var.JHaL 

(5) If. Sti^olk. 

(6) He. It is often put into the 
mouths of ignorant or vulgar 
people in this sense by the old 
dramatists, and it is not uncom- 
mon in MSS. of an earlier date. 

(7) They. In the dialect of 
Shropshire. In the western 
counties it is used for she, and 
sometimes for it. 


Have. As in the common 
expression '' a done," t. e, have 

(10) In. " A Latin," in Latin. 

<*A Goddes name," in God's 


d that Aow, in that way or manner, e,g. I 
shall do a' that how. Jam. 

(1 1) An interjection ; for ah ! 

jit Bwete Bire^I aeide the. 

Piers Ploughman, 

J per «e. A person of extraor- 
dinary merit ; a nonpareil. This 
phrase was used chiefly in the 
Elizabethan age. 

The famous dame, fayre Helen, lost her 

Whenwithred age with wrinckles channgd 

her cheeka. 
Her lovely lodkes did loathsomnease en- 

That was the Aver se of all the Greekea. 

Turherrm^s Tragieall TaUi, 1687. 

That is the A per se of all, the cream of alL 

BUirt Master ConstahU, 1603. 

The phrase is sometimes varied 
by an additional a. 
In faith, my sweet honey-comb, I'll love 
thee, A perse Si. Wily BeguiVd. 

kK. An exclamation of lamenting. 
It was asserted by the old po- 
pular theologists that a male 
Qhild utters the sound «-« when ii 

is bom, because it is the initial 

of Adam, and a female e-e, ai 

that of Eve. 
Aac, a. {J,'S,) An oak. North, 
Aad, adj. (i4.-S.) Old. Yorksh. 
Aadlb, v. (J.'S.) To flourish. St/^ 

folk. See Addle, 
Aaint, v. (A.S,) To anoint. Suf- 

Aakin, adj. {A.'S.) Oaken. North. 
A an, (1) adj. Own. Yorks, 

(2) inter, A contraction of anan ! 
what say you? Eatt. 

(3) adv. On. A form of the 
word used in a MS. of the 15th 
Century, in the Ashmolean 

Do, eosyn, anon thyn armys aan, 

Aandb, a. (Danish), Breath. A 

form of the word not uncommon 

in MSS. of the 15th Century. 

Hys mynde es schort when he oeht thynkes, 
Hys nese oft droppes, hya aan^ stynkes. 

Sampole, MS, Bowes. 

AaMDOBN, "I _ /^ ON 

aadorn, |»-(^-^0 
noon's repast; the afternoon. 
Cnmb. See Amdem. 
Aanb, a. (A.'S.) The beard of 
barley or other grain, the 

And that we call the aane, which 
p-oweth out of the eare, like a long 

Sricke or a dart, whereby the eare is 
efended from.the dant^er of birds. 

Oooge^s Husbandry, 1577. 

Aar, prep. (A.-S, or). Ere, be« 
fore. This form occurs in the 
Romance of Kyng Alisaunder. 

Aarm, 8. {A.-S.) The arm. Wy- 
cliffe, Bodl. MS. Aarmedf for 
armed, occurs in WyclyflFe's ver- 
sion of the Testament. 

Aaron, a. {A.-S.) The herb wake- 
robin. Cotgrave, 

Aa8, a. {A.'N.) Aces. 

Aat, a. \a.'S.) Fine oatmeal, used 
for thickening pottage. 

Aata, prep. After. Suff, 

Aath, t« {J,'S.) An oath. Yorkt* 

An after- 



Ab, j (J.-SJ) The sap of a tree. 

Yet diverse haveassaied to deale with- 
out ekes to that end, but not with so 
^od successe as they have hoped, bi- 
canse the tU> or juice will not so soone be 
removed and cleane drawne out, which 
some attribute to want of time in the 
salt wMter. 

Harrison** Dtscriptum cf England. 

Aback, adv. Backwards. North, 

They drew abaeky as half with shame 

confound. Spens. Shep. Kal. June. 6S. 

Aback- A-BEHiNT, adv. Behind; 

in the rear. North, 
Abacted, part. p. {Lat, abactus). 

Driven away by violence. 
Abactor, «. (Lat.) One that drives 

away herds of cattle by stealth 

or violence. 
Abaoe, (1) past t. of abiden {A,-S,). 

Abode; remained. 

(2) 9. Delay. In MSS. of 14th 


For soone aftir that he was made. 

He fel withouten lenger t^ade. 

Abafelled, part, p. Baffled; 

treated scornfully. 

And unboxome y-be, 
Nouht abaiaied to agulte 
Gh)d and alle good men. 

Piert PL, p. 518. 
The sodevn caas the man astoneyd tho. 
That reea he wax, abaucht, and al quakyng. 

Chaucer, C. T., 8193. 
I was aiaUehite, be oure Lorde, 
Of our beste hemes. Morte Arthure. 
Abakwabd, adv. Backwards. 
Abalibnate, v. {Lat.) To alien- 
ate ; to transfer property from 
one to another. 
Abande, V, To abandon ; forsake. 
And Vortigem enforat the kingdom to 
aband. Spender. 

Let us therefore both cruelty abande. 
And prudent seeke both goas and men 
to please, Mirourfor Magistratee. 

Abandon, adv, {A.-N. a bandovi, 
at discretion). Liberally; at dis- 
cretion ; freely, fally exposed. 
Aftir this swift g^ tis but reason 
He give his gode too in abawion. 


part.p.(ftom A.-N 
>abai8ser). Asham- 
ed; abashed. 

His ribbes and scholder fel adoun. 
Men might se the liver ahandoun. 

Artkour and Merlin, p. 283. 

Abandunb, 9. (^.-M) To subject; 

to abandon. SJkelton, 
Abarcy, 8. (Med, Lat, abartia.) 

Abarb, V, (A,'S. abarian). To 

make bare. 
Abarrb, v. (from A.'N, abarrer). 

To prevent. 

Aeducynge to reraembraunce the prysed 
memoryes and perpetnall renowned 
factes of the famouse princes of Israel, 
which did not only abarre ydolatrye and 
other ungodlynesse, but utterly abo- 
lished all occasyons of the same. 

Monastic Letters^ p. 209. 

Abarstick, 9. Insatiableness. 

Abarstiri adj. More downcast. 

Myght no man be abarstir. 

Towneley Mysteries, 

Abase, v. (A.-N, abat98er). To 
cast down ; to humble. Spetuer, 
Among illiterate persons, it is 
still used in the sense of deba9e, 

**I wouldn't abasemjBdf by descending 
to hold any conversation with him.** 

Oliver Twist, iii, 184. 

Abashment, 9. (A.-N.) The state 
of being abashed. 

Abast, part, p. Downcast. See 

Abastardizb, V, (A.'N, aba9iar^ 
der). To render illegitimate qit 

Abasurb, 9. (A.-N.) Abasement. 

Abastick, <ulj. Insatiable. 

Abatatlment, «. (A,-N.) Battle- 
ment. Sir Gawayne, p. 30. 

Abate, v. (A.-N.) (1) To subtract. 
Abatyn, subtraho. Prompt. Parv, 
It was the technical term for the 
operation in arithmetic. 

(2) To beat down, or overthrow. 

(3) To cast down, or depress the 
mind. Shakesp, 

(4) To cease. 

Tf couUnaimce abated eny host to make. 
Political Songs, p. 21^ 




(5) To contract, or cut short. 

(6) To lower, applied to banners. 
Common in this sense in the 
metrical romances. 

Alle the banen that Crysten fonnde 
They were abatvde. 

OctovUm Imp^ 1748. 

(7) To flutter, or beat with the 
wings. A hawking term. 

An hawke that traveyleth upon the 
teyne, a man may knowe if he take 
hede, for anche is her maner that she 
wolde pante for abatyng tiien another 
doth, for in and if she shoid fle a litell 
ix-hile almoste she wolde lose her bieth, 
whether she be high or lowe. 

Beliq. Antiq., i, 300. 

(8) To reduce to a lower temper, 
applied to metal. 

(9) To disable a writ. A law 

A.BAT9MENT, 8, {A,-N.) (1) ** A 

mark added or annexed to a 
coat [of arms] by reason of some 
dishonourable act, whereby the 
dignity of the coat is abased." 
Holme* 8 jicademy of Armory, 
(2) A diyersion or amusement. 
Abaty, V, {A,-N,) To abate. 

And that he for ys neyew wolde^ for to 

abaty stryf. 
So hey amendement^ sawve lyme and lyf. 

Bob. Giouc. 

Xbavt, prep. About. North, 

"1 V, (from A.'N. abaubir 

Abawe, I or abaudir.) To asto- 

ABAUB, ^ nish, to confound, used 

ABAVE, I by Chaucer, and writers 

J of his time. 

For, soche another, as I gesse. 
Afome ne was, ne more vermaile; 
I was abawed for merveile. 

Rom. of the Rose, 8644. 

My mirth and melis is fasting, 
My counteuance is nicety, 
And al dbaiced where so I be. 

The Dreme, 614. 

Many men of his kynde sanh him so 
Langtofts Chron., p. SIO. 

(2) (A,'S.) To bow ; to bend. 

Alle the knyglites of Walis londe, 
Ho made abawe to his lionde. 

Cambridge MS. qf\&tk Cent, 

Abawt, prep. Without. Staffordah. 
Abate, v. (from A,-N, abayer,) 

To bark. 
Abat, 9, {A,^N.) The barking of 

dogs ; at dbay, at bay. 

And this doon, every man stond abrod 
and blowe the deeth, and make a short 
ahay for to rewarde the houndes, and 
everv man have a smal rodde yn his 
bond to holde of the houndes that thei 
■hul the better abaye. MS, Sodl. 646. 

Thus the forest they fraye, 

The hertis bade at i^aye. 

Sir Jkgrevante, Line. MS, 

Abat, v. To suffer a heavy pe- 
nalty; to able. This form is 
given by Skinner. See Abie, 

Abatschid, l^^'-'/.Abashed; 

abatsshe™, r5?*!*«°j^- See 
' J Abatssed, 

Abatst, part, p, (A,-N) Disap^ 

And that when that they were tiavyst. 
And of herborow were abayst. 

Brit. Bibl., iv, 83. 

Abb, 8, (from A,'>S, ab.) The yarn 

of a weaver's warp. 
Abbarayejo, j9a«; t. Started. 

And aftyr that he knonnyngly abbarayed. 
And to the kyng evyn thus he sayd. 

Lydgate'e Minor Poeme, p. 4. 

Abbas, 8, An abbess. 

Abbat, v. (A,'N, abbayer,) To bay; 
to bark. See Abay, 

Abbbn, v. To have. Glouc, Dif- 
ferent parts of the verb in this 
form are found in Robert of 

Arture, Uter sone, of wan wetolde byvore. 

Ye abbyth y-hurd hon he was bygete and 

Abbbss, 8, According to Grose, 
this is a vulgar name for the 
mistress of a disreputable esta« 

Abbey, «. {A.-N.) The great white 
poplar, a variety of the populut 
iUba, Jfeatm. Yor&s, 



Abbby-lubber, s, a term of re- 
proach for idle persons. Somer- 
tei, Yorks. It is found in most 
of the early dictionaries. 
"Neither was I much unlike those aibey- 
Ubbert in my life, though farre unlike 
them in belief, who laboured till they 
were cold." Zy(y'* BttpJutes. 

The most of that which they did bestow 
was on the riche, and not the poore in 
dede, as halt, lame, blinde, sicke, or im- 
potent, but lither lubbers that niicht 
worke and would not In so much that 
it came into a com men proverbe to call 
him an ahhay-hthher, that was idle, wel 
fed, a lonr lewd -lither loiterer, that 
miriit worke and would not. 
The Bumynge ofPaulet Church, 1563. 

Abbiggbt, V. To expiate: make 
amends for. See Abie, 

Abbod, 8. (J,'S.) An abbot. Rob. 
of Glouc. 

Abbrbviatb, ;iar/. /). (Lat) De- 
creased; shortened. 

Abbrochment, «. (J.-N,) Ingross- 
ingofwares to sell by retail. Cock. 

Abbbochb, v. (J.mN.) To broach 
a barrel. Prompt. Parv, 

Abbut, eof^. Aye but. Yorks. 

Abbyt, 8. A habit. 

And chanones {rode he dede therinne, 
Unther tlie abbyt of seynte Austvnne. 
Wriffhfs Si. Patride» Purgatory, p. 66. 

Abcb, 9, The alphabet. A not un- 
common word in the 16th Cent. 

Abdevbnham, 8. An astrological 
term for the head of the twelfth 
hoase, in a schema of the 

Abducb, v. (Lat. abdueo.) To lead 

From the whyeh opinion I colde not 
mbiuce them with al my endevor. 

State Pafen, temp. Hen. Fill. 

Abbab, 9. (from J.-S, aberan.) To 
deport; to conduct. 

So did the faerie knight himselfe aieare. 
And stouped oft his head from shame 
to shield. Spenser. 

Good abearingfOr abearance, the 
proper and peaceful carriaf -« of a 
loyal subject. A law phrase 
Whereof eche one was pled^ md 
fwretie for others' good akearing. 

LsuKhariei Peramb. ^£etU, 16M. 

Abearance is still the technical 
word, in law, for such behaviour 
as the law deems unexceptionable. 
(2) To bear; to tolerate. A vul- 
Abecb, 8. The alphabet; and, 
from this, the elements of a sci- 
ence. Found in writers of the 
14th and 15th Cents. 

Clerc he was god ynoo, and yut, as me 

telleth me, * 

He was more than ten yer old ar h« 
couthe ys abece. Rob. Gloue.t p. 266l 
A place, as man may se^ 
Quan a cliyld to scole xalset be, 

A bok hym is browt. 
Nay 1yd on a brede of tre. 
That men callyt an abeee, 
Praty^y'ch i-wrout. 

Reliq. Autiq., i, 68. 

Whan that the wise man acompteth 
Aftir the f ormel propu't6 
Of algorismes abece. 

Gower, MS. Soe. AhI 

i. e. the abc, or elements, of arithmetic. 
Abecedarian, 8. (Lat. abeceda- 

riu8.) One who teaches or learns 

the alphabet. Mintheu. 
Abecedary, adj. Alphabetical. 
Abeched, part. p. {J.^N.) Fed; 


fit schulde I sum delle been abeched. 
And for the tyme wel refreched. 

Gower, MS. Soe. Anl. 

Abed, adv. In bed. Var. dial. 

Abbdb, v. {A.'S.) To bid; to 
offer. In MSS. of 14th Cent. It 
also occurs as the past tense of 

Abebr, v. To bear with ; tolerate. 

Abegge. See Abie. 

In the MS. of Gower, belonging 

to the Society of Antiquaries, we 

have abege, used as though the 

ff wero soft. 

He wolde don his sacrilege. 

That many a man it schulde abege. 

So in Urry, a passage from Chai^ 

cer's Cantm T. is printed^— 

There durst no wight hand on liira ledge. 
Bat he ne SM'ore be shold abedge. 

jLBKUAV^cit,9.^J,'N.) Obediencfr 



Abbldb, v. {^.-S.) To become bold. 

Tlies folk of Perce f^n ahelde. 

Kyng Afysaunder, 244S. 

Abblb, 9, {A,-N.) Tbe wbite pop- 
lar. A common name in the 

Abbl-whackbts, 9. A game of 
cards played by sailors; the 
loser is beaten with a knotted 
handkerchief, of which he re- 
ceives a blow, or whack, for each 
lost game. 

Abbltchb, adv. Ably. 

Abbnchb, adv. Upon a bench. 
Rob. Gioue, 

Abbnt, 9. A steep place. Skinner. 

Abeciuitatb, V, {Lat, abeguiio.) 
To ride away. This word is 
given by Minsheu, in his Guide 
into TongueSt 1627. 

Abbrdavinb, 8. A provincial name 
for the siskin iJringiUa sphtue 
of Linnspns). 

Abbrb, V, (J.'S.) To bear. Xob. 
Gloue. See Abear, 

Abbrbmord, «. (A.-S.) A law 
term, meaning murder fully 
proved, in distinction from man- 
slaughter and justifiable homi- 
cide. Juniue. 

Abering, «. A law phrase for the 
proper carriage of a loyal sultject. . 
See Abearing, 

Abbrnb, adj. Auburn. 

Long ahem* beardes. 
Cnnmngiufm'i Betels Aecounte, p. 66. 

Abbssb, V. (A.'N.) To humble. 

See Abase. 
Abbstor, 9. A kind of stone. 

Among stones ahestor, which bein^ hot 
wil never be colde for our constancies. 
Lyly'e Mother Bombie, 1&94. 

Abet, 9. Help ; assistance. 
Abbttbs, 8. Abbots* Monasiie 

Letters, p. 206. 
Abew, prep. Above. Devon, 
Abbye, v. (1) See Abie. 

(2) To bow ; to obey. 
Abbydb, v. To abide* 

Abetted, part. p. (A.-S,) Bn* 
snared. In MSS. of 15th Cent« 

Hys ftesshe on here was so obey ted. 
That thjlke wonunan he covey teyd. 

Asby}bdoun, past t. pi. They 
obeyed. A form found in MSS. 
of the 15th Cent. 

Aborboatb, v. {Lat.) To lead out 
of the flock. Minsheu. 

Abhominablk. A pedantic form 
of the word, prevalent in the 
16th Cent., and arising from an 
erroneous notion that it was de- 
rived from ah and homo, Shake- 
speare ridicules it in Love*9 La^ 
bour Lost, V, 1. 

Abhor, v. {Lat.) To protest 
against, or reject formally. A 
term of canon law. 

Abhorrant, 9. A person who 
abhors. Minsheu gives this word 
in his Guide into Tongues, 1627. 

Abid. Used as the past tense of 
abide, in writers of the 16th and 
17th centuries. 

Abidance, s. Dwelling; tarrying. 

Abidden, part, p. Endured. 

Abide, v, (from A.-S. abidan.) (1) 
To persevere ; to endure ; to 
suffer. Pegge gives the phrase, 
" You must grin and abide it,*' 
applied in cases where resistance 
is in vain. It is used by Lydgate 
in the sense of to forbear ; and 
it still occurs provincially in the 
sense of to tolerate. 
(2) It occurs sometimes as an- 
other form of Abie. 










V. (from A.'S. abic* 
gan.) To expiate ; 
atone for ; make 
amends; pay for. A 
^word of very common 
occurrence in early 
MSS., and in a great 
variety of forms of 

Here he had the destenee 
That the povre man zulde gbi. 

BeHq. AiUiq., i, M. 


Bier dnrate no wight liaud upon Wm legge, 
Iliat he Be swor anon he schuid abeaae. 

Chaucer, C. T. 3936. 

Therefinre I rede, keepe the at home; 
For thou ehalt ^eye for that is done. 

Hartihome, Met. T. 226. 

Ther start in Sander Sydebreche, 
And swere,be his fader sowle, he schnlde 
^byiha. Bunting </ tke Hare, 17». 

We, yei, that shal thou sore a§i/«. 

TtnoneUy Mysteriet, p. 16. 

Thi ryot thon schalt now ehwy^e. 

Foenu of W. Mopes, p. 845. 

ABIDING, (I) *. An abode; per- 
severance; suffering; sojourning. 
These four senses of the word 
are foand in Rider'9 Dieiumarie, 

(2) adj. Patient 

And bold and ahidyngi 
Bianuures to suffice. 


(3) In MS. of the 15th cent., 
abidyngely is used adverbially, 
for remaining. 

And in myn honsolde ben atUyngely. 

Abiggbde, v. (A.'S.) To suffer. 

The widie schal it aUggeie, 

Legend. Cathol., p. 206. 

Abiliment^ abutment, «. (1) Ha- 
biliment. A common ortho- 
graphy of the 16th and begin- 
ning of the 17th centuries. 
(2) Ability. 

Wever liv'd grentleman of greater merit, 
Hope, or abiUment to steer a kingdom. 
Ford, Broken Heart. 

Abill,v. To make able. See j4ble, 
Abillbrb, ad;. Stronger; more 

AbiUere thane ever was 

Syr Ector of Troye. Morte Jrthure. 

Abime, *. (J,-N.) An abyss. 

Abintestate, adj. {Lat) Intes- 
tate. Mituheu. 

Abishering, *. {ji.-N.) "To be 
quit of amerciaments before 
whomsoever of transgression." 
Rastall, quoted by Cowell. Rider, 
in his Dictionarie, translates it 
hyjheo non reditut. 


Abit, (1) pret. t. M pers. ting. 6f 

Abide. Abideth. Common in 

Chaucer, and the early writers. 

(2) 8. A habit; clothing. Roh. 


Out of ys abyt anon Vortigcr liym drow. 
And clothes, as to kyng bicome, dude om 
him /aire y>Bow5. 

. (3) 9. A habit or cnstom. 
(4) *. An obit, or service for the 
dead. Apology for the LoUardt^ 
p. 103. 
Abitaclb, 9. {Lat.) A habitatioB, 
or dwelling. 

In whom also be ^e bildid togidre into 
the abitaole of God in the Hooli Goost. 


Abite. (1) 9. A habitation ; a dwell- 

To leve his abite, and gon his wue. 

Rom, of the Bote, ASii^. 

(2) 9.[A.^N.) A habit. 

Also wymraen in coverable dbite with 
schamefastnesse and sobrenesse arai^je 

Wicklife'* New Testament, 1 Tym. ii. 

(3) V. See Abie. 

(4) V. (from A.-S. Mtan.) To 

Abited, 9^. Mildewed. Kent, 

Abiten, part. p. Bitten ; devoured* 

A thousent shepich habbe abiten. 
And mo, fef hy weren i-writen. 

EeUq. Antiq., ii, 276. 

Abition, 9. {Lai.) Going away; 
dying. Coekeram. 

Abttte, pr, terite. 9, from abiden. 

Abject, (Lat.) (I^ 9. A base, des- 
picable person. 

I deemed it better so to die, 
Than at my foeman's feet an abject lie. 
Mirrourfor Magistrates, p. 30. 

(2) V. To reject ; to cast away. 
Abjection, 9. {Lat.) (1) Baseness, 
(2) An objection. 

For th^ must take in hande 
To precti, and to witlistande 
All maner of abjections. 

^SfoMM, i, 84i 



. Abjbcts, f . (from the Lat aijeetL) 
Castaways ; persons abjected. 
, Shaketpeare*t Richard 111, 
Ablactation, ». (La/.) A par- 
ticular method of grafting, where 
the cyon is as it were weaned by 
degrees from its maternal stock, 
but not wholly cut off, till it is 
firmly united to the stock on 
which it is grafted. See the 
IHctUmarium Rwttieum, 8vo. 
Lond. 1726. 
Abuoid, part, p. (J,'S.) Blinded. 

The wahnes haa the abland. 

Setyn Soffes, 2462. 

ABLAavBATiON, «. (Lat.) The 
practice of opening the ground 
about the roots of trees, for the 
admission of air and water. 

Ablastb, 8, (A,'N.) A cross-bow. 
Prompt, Part, The correspond- 
ing Latin word balista in the 
Prompt, Part, does not give a 
▼ery definite explanation. It is 
said to be synonymous with the 
cross-bow; but in a passage in 
Hall, a distinction seems to be 
made between them. The arb- 
last was doubtless, like the cross- 
bow, a weapon used for the pro- 
jection of arrows, but perhaps of 
a more formidable character, for 
from Hall it would appear that 
there was a difference of some 

Ablastb, past t. Blasted. It oc- 
curs in the MS. of Gower in the 
J Soc. Ant. Library. 

Venym and fyre togedir he cait^ 
That he Jason to sore abUute. 

Ablb, 9. {A,*N,) (1) To make 
able, or to give power for any 

And Ufe by this (Christ's) death aJOei, shall 

Death, whom thy death slew. 

Downtft Divine Poems. 

(2) To warrant, or answer for; 
to undertake for any one. 

None does offend, nonet I aay none ; PU 
able *em. Lear, iv, 6. 

Admitted 1 aye, into her heart, ril able it. 
JTtdow'e Tears, O. P., vi. 164. 

Constable 1*11 able kim; if he do come 
to be a justice afterward, let him thank the 
keeper. ClumgeUng, Jne. Dr., iv, 840. 

To sell away all the powder in the kingdom. 

To prevent blowing no. That's safe, ile 

ahU it. kutdl. Cfame at Cheese. 

(3) To make fit or suitable for. 

God tokeneth and assygneth the times, 
dblynge hem to therpropre ofifyces. 

The \st Soke ofBoeHue. 

Wherfore what tyme a man dooth what 
he mav in ahlynge hym to prace, hit 
sufficith to him, for God askith not of a 
man that lie seeth impossible to hym. 
Caxton's Divers Fruytfid Ghostly Maters. 

(4) a^. Fit; proper. 

A monk ther was, a fair for the maistri^ 
An out-rydere, that loved venerye ; 
A manly man, to ben an abbot able. 

Chaueer^s Canlerb. Tales, 166. 

(5) Wealthy. Hertfordsh, North. 
An able man, «. e. a rich man. 

Ablbctick, adj, (from Lat, ab and 
lego.) Set out for sale. Cockeram, 

Ableoatiom, 9, {Lat.) A dismis- 
sion ; a dispersion. 

Ablbmbntks, 8, Habiliments. See 

Ablbndb, v. (A.'S, ablendafL) To 
blind ; to dazzle. 

Ablbnbss, 9, Power ; strength. 

Ablent, part, p. Blinded; de- 

Ablbpst, 9. (Cfr. dj3Xc^ca.) Blind- 

Abless, a^. Careless and negli- 
gent; untidy; slovenly in per- 
son. Lincolnsh. 

Ablet, s. {A.'N. able.) The bleak, 
a small fresh-water fish. It is 
said by Ash in his JHetionary, 
1795, to be '* a local word;" but 
ablette is given by Cotgrave as 
the French word for the same 
fish. It is still used in West* 

ABLEYntfpa9t t. Blew upon. 




Ablichk, Afv. Ably. USS. of 15th 

4blioury, s. (From Lat. dbligu 

rto.) ** Spending in belly cheere. 

Ablindbn, v. (from A.'S, abUn^ 

dan,) To blind ; to dazzle. 

Why menestow thi mood for a mote 
In tni brotheres dehe, 
Sithen a beem in tliyn owene 
Mfyndfth thiselve. 

Piert Ploughman, p. 189. 

Ablins, adv. Perhaps; possibly. 
North, Aiblina is used in 
Xmco/iuA. ; when a person has 
been taunted by another, and 
wishes to reply contemptuously 
to an inquiry whether he is about 
to do such and such a thing, he 
will sav, " aiblina I may, aibiins 
I may'nt." 

Ablocatb, V, (Lai,) To set, or 
let out to hire. This is the ex- 
]danation of the word in Cocke- 
ram's English Diclionarie, 1639. 

Ablodb, adv. Bloody; with blood; 

bleeding. We read in an Oxford 

MS. 14th cent., 

Olubrions sat and byheld 
How here lymes ronne ablode. 
Thou sere liyne Iiyderandthyder y-cached 

Fram rylate to Herode, 
So me bete hya bare flesche. 
That hyjt ame all ablode. 

W. de Skoreham. 

Abloy, intefj. {A.'N. ablof) An 
exclamation used in hunting, and 
equivalent to On 1 On I 

Abludv, V, {Lat. ablvdo.) To dif- 
fer ; to be unlike. 

Ablusion, 8. (Lat.) A chemical 
term, for the cleansing of medi- 
cines from drugs or impurities. 

Abnegation, 8, (Lat.) Self-denial. 

Olet me imitate so blessed example, 
and by the merits of thy obedience, let 
me obUun the srace oi^ humility, and 
abiteff4iiioH of all my own desires in the 
clearest renanciation of my will. 

Taylor** Great Exemplar. 

Abnobme, V. (from Lat. abnormia.) 

To disfigure : disguise. Chaucer, 



Aboadb, peart, p. qf abide. Suf- 
fered ; endured. 

For all her maydens much did feare» 
If Oberon had clianc'd to heare 
That Mab his Queene should have beene 
He would not have aJboade it. 


Aboakd, v. (from the Fr. abarder.) 
To approach the shore. 
(2) In some games, this phrase 
signifies that the person or side 
in the game, which was previ* 
ously either none or few, has 
now got to be as many as the 
other. Dyche. 

Abobbed, adj. (from A.-N. aboby, 
astonished.) Astonished. 

The messangers were abobbed tlio. 
Thai nisten what thai mighten do. 

Arthour and Merlin, p. 74» 

*. (A.~N.) In- 
crease. Prompt. 

Abode, v. (A.'S.) To bode ; to fore- 
bode. The word occurs in ShaJke^ 
8peare. Abodementt «.» is also 
used in the sense of an omen or 

(2) *. Delay. 

(3) Paet tense of abide. Waited 

Abofb, s. a dwelling ; an abode. 

Wolde Ciod, for his modurs Inf, 
Bryng me onys at myne aftq/», 
1 were out of theire eye. 

Cambridge MS., 15th cent. 

Aboffe, prep. Above. 

Be Jhesu Cryst that is aioffe. 

Cokevfolds Daunee, 217. 

Abogbn, part. p. Bowed. 
AjionTE, past tense, sing., of Abie. 

Atoned for. Aboghten occurs as 

the pi. 

Murie he ther wrohte, 
Ah Rymenild hit abokte. 

Kyng Horn, 1402. 

Aboletb, adj. {Lat. abolitus.) An- 
tiquated ; obsolete. Si^eltOB 
speaks of " abolete sciens/' 




Abonb, (1) V, {A..N.) To make 
good or seasonable ; to ripen ; to 
dispatch qaickly. 

(2) prep. Above. 

(3) adv. Well. 

And a good swerde. that wolde byte ahone. 

Sir Gawayne, p. 217. 

AsooDf past tense of eibide. Waited ; 
expected; remained. 

And Cornelie abood hem with hise 
coBvns nnd necessarie frendis that weren 
clepid togidre. 

WickUffe*» New Testament, Acts x. 

Aboon, prep. Above ; overhead. 


Aboord, adv. From the bank. 

As men in summer fearles passe the foordj 

Which is in winter lord of all the plaine. 

And with his tumbling streames doth beare 


The ploughmans hope and shepheards 

labour vaine. 

Spenser's Ruines of Rome, 1591. 

Aboot, part. p. Beaten down. 

Aboovb, pret. Above. West. 

AeorEj part. p. Born. Somersetsh. 

Aborment, s. An abortion. Top- 
sell's History of Four.Footed 
Beasts, 1607. We have ahorsm 
ment in Higins' Nomenclator, 
and abort in Florio, ed. 1611. 

Abort, ». {Lat,) To bring forth 
before the time. 

Abortive, s. {A.-N,) An abor- 

Aboste, v. (A.-N,) To assault. 
A Bretone, a braggere, 
Abostfd Piers als. Piers PL, p. 126. 

A bote. {I) part. p. Beaten down. 


(2) pret. About. 

Tiic> cum the towne ahote. 

Reliq. Antiq., ii, 21. 

Abotbe, prep. Ah ove. Arthour 

and Merlin, p. 18, 
Abought, (1) tlie past tense of 

abie. Atoned for. 

(2) Bought. 

(3) An incorrect form of about. 
Aboughwbd, part, p. Bowed; 


Abou^t, prep. Above. 

They said that songe was this to tey 
To God abonn be jpy and blysse I 

TundaU't Visions^ p. 158. 

Abounds, part. Abounding. 

By5t so this mayde^ of grace most ahowndet 


Abour£, $. (A.-N.) The same as 

anouri s a patron. 

By Gk)d and SeynteMary,myn abouri. 


About, adv. (1) In a circle. It 
is used by Shakespeare in the 
sense of to work / as in Hamlet, 
ii, 2, ** about, my brains 1" t. e. 
" brains, go to work." 
(2) prep. Near, in the dialect of 
the Eastern Counties, where they 
say *' worth nothing about twenty 

Aboutbn, adv. About. Chaucer, 
Still used in Sussex. 

About-sledge, s. A smith's great 
forging hammer. 

About-ward, adv. Near. 

Aboutb, v. (A.'S.) To bow. JRob. 

ABOun'Ry part, past of abie. 

Or it schalle sone been aboMte, 

MS. Gower. 

Aboven, prep. Above. 
Abowb, v. {A.'S. abogan.) (1) To 

(2) V, To avow ; to maintain. 

In blood he stode, ich it ahowe. 
Of horse nnd man into the anclowe. 
EUis's Romances, ed. 1811, i, 279. 

(3) prep. Above. 

Abowed, part. p. Daunted; 

ashamed. Cockeram. 
ABOWBN,jorqp. Above. 
Abowbs, s. {A.'N.) Probably for 

aboures, or avoures, patron saints. 

God and Seinte Mary, and Sein Denis also. 

And alle the abowes of thischurche, in wag 

ore ich am i-do. Rob. GUme., p. 475. 

ABOWGHT,j»rqp. About. 
Abowttne, adv. About. 
Abo^edb, past t. BoweiL 
Abo fTf past t. Bought. 




Abrad, part, p. (from J -S. ahrto^ 
dan.) Killed; destroyed. 
The gode bnr^is on a dai^ 
His ]rmpe thnvende he sai, 
Fair i-woxe and Aur i>sprad, 
But the oldetre was abrad. 

Sevyn Saget, 010. 

Abrade, v. {Lat, abrado,) To rub, 
or scrape off. 

Abraham-colour, Abraham-co- 
loured. Supposed to be auburn. 
"A goodly, long, thick, Jbraham- 
eolour'd beard,'' occurs in Blurt 
Master Constable, 1602. See 


Where is the eldest son of Priam, 
That Abraham-coloured Trojan. 

SoUman and Perseda, 1699. 

Abraham-mbn. The slang name 
of a class of beggars in the six- 
teenth century. Nares thinks 
the phrase " to sham Abraham '* 
has some connection with it. 
An Jbraham-man is he that walketh 
bare-armed, and bare-legged, and fayn- 
eth hymself mad, and caryeth a packe 
of wool, or a stycke with baken on it, 
or such lyke toye, and nameth himself 
poore Tom. 

Fyatemilye qf Vaedbondea, 1576. 
His helpe extends forre and neereto 
furtive raga-muffins, under the signe 
of impotent soldiers, or wandring Abra- 
ham-men: but his helpe proves the 
maintenance of their function, because 
it proves his owne, by occasion: for 
being received as a secretary to the 
counsell of vagrants, liee couceales much 
idle property, in advantage of himselfe 
and countrymen, not of the common- 
Stephens's Essays and Characters, 1615. 

Abraham's balm, s. An old name 
for a species of willow. BullO' 
iar, English Expositor^ 1641. 
Cockeram explains it as " a wil- 
low in Italy that brings forth 
agnus castus like pepper." 
Abraide,v. (from A.^S. abradian.) 
(1) To awaken; to start up. 
Ipomydon with that stroke ahrayde^ 
And to the kynge thus he sayde. 

Ipomydon, 1149. 
When he espied the 'squire, tlierewith 
he abrayed and break himself loose, 
and took his sword in his hand, and ran 
to have slain that 'squire. 

M:iUfry, mst. <^K. AtUutr, i, 419. 

Whan an to all 

Shall come, he shall, 

I trust from vyce abrayed. 

The New Noiborune Majfi, 
The sche herd the sngel voice, 
Sebe bigan to ahrayd. 

Legmd qfSeynt MergrUe, p. 11& 

(2) To upbraid. 

Bochas present felly gan ahrayde 
To Meaaaline, and even thus he sayde. 

Bochas, b. vii, c. 4» 

Atrens after with a full brode chere. 
And of envye full dead in hys visage. 
Unto John Bochas he ean approche nere, 
Liche as he had befallen iu a rage. 
And ftuiouflly abrayde in his language. 

Jd., b. i, foL xziL 

(3) To draw a sword from ita 

(4) To apply one's self briskly to 
a thing. 

I abrayde, I inforce me to do a thYnge. 


(5) To rise on the stomach with 
a feeling of nausea. North. 

(6) To excite ; stir up. 
Abram. Naked. A cant word. 

**Abram cove" is an expression 
used amongst thieves, signifying^ 
a poor man, and also a strong 
thief. ** Abram cove, naked or 
poor man.*' Coles* English DiC" 
/tonory, 1677. See also Mid- 
dleton's Works, iii. 32. 

Abram-colourvd. This phrase 
is used by Shakespeare in Corio* 
lanus, ii. 3: "Our heads are 
some brown, some black, some 
abram, some bald, but that our 
wits are so diversly coloured.*' 
The folio of 1685 alters abram to 
auburn. See Abraham-coloured, 

Abrasb, 9. {Lat,) To shave. This 
word occurs in Cockeram's Eng» 
Hsh Dictionaries 1639. 
(2) Part. p. Smoothed; shaved. 
The fourth, in white, is Apheleia, a 
nymph as pure and simple as the soul, 
or as an Mrase table, and is thereforo 
called Simplicity. BenJonson, ii, 866. 

Abrbad, adj, Unconfined ; spread. 

out; exposed. North, 
A bred, part, p. Brought upb 





Abkbdb, (1) V. To wander. 
How Troilns nere out of his witte abrede. 
And wept full sore, with visage pale of hewe. 
Tke Testament of Creseide, 45. 

(2) adv. In breadth. North. 
<3) adv. Abroad. Yorka. It 
occurs in Chaucer. 
Xbkeg6b,\v. {A,'N.) To abridge; 

ABREGEi j to shorten. 
Abrbks, 9. {A,'S, abrecan,) To 

break in. 
Abrbnouncb, 9. {Lat. abremmtio.) 

To renounce utterly. 
Abrbpt, V (LaL) To take away 

by violence. 
Abretdk. See Abrmde, 
Abric, s. Sulphur. Cole9, 
Abricock, 1 «. (from Fr, aMeot) 
Abricot, / An apricot. In Ge- 
rard's Herbal it is spelt abre- 
cock. The form abricock is still 
in use in Somersetshire. " An 
abricoi fruite, malum armenium.'' 
Bare f 8 Alvearie^ 1580. 

'yfhoM golden gardens seeme tli* Sesperides 

to mock : 
Hor there the damzon wants, nor daintie 


Draifton*s FolyoUum, song 18. 

Abridob,9, {A.-N.) To diminish. 

Whose chilling cold had bound her bowels 

As in no wise she could abridge his wo. 

TurhenilU^* TragieaU Tales, 1587. 

Abridgement, «. The word was 
used in Shakespere's time (see 
Mids. N. D., y, 1) to signify a 
dramatic performance; perhaps 
from the prevalence of the histo- 
rical drama, in which the events 
of years were so abridged as to 
be brought within the compass of 
a play. In Hamlet, ii, 2, " Look 
where my abridgement comes," 
the sense is doubtful. But in a 
subsequent passage Hamlet calls 
the players "the abstract, and 
brief chronicles of the time." 

Abrigge, 9. (1) To abridge. 

(2) To shield off. 

iJle myacheffes from him to airigge. 


Abripted, part, p, {Lat.) Ra- 
vished ; stolen away. Cockeram. 

Abroach, 1 9. (from A.-S. abra* 

abrochb j can.) To tap ; to set 

flowing. Chaucer and Lydgate. 

And rushing in amongst his foes, so bote 

a skirmish made, 
That every blowe sets blood abroach. 

"Warner's Albion's England, 1592. 

CaU all my servants, lav down all my 
meat to the fire, set all my hogshenda 
abroach. Shadwell, Burg fair, 1689. 

^ (1) adj. Broad, ifiw- 

A I sheit. 

ABEoni f (2) <«/». lu pieces; 

' j asunder. Comw. Away ; 

J in pieces. Dorset. 

(3) adv. Abroad. North. 

(4) part. p. ■ Spread abroad. 

Abrodibticall, adj. (from Gr. 
&(3podiaiTog.) "A daintie feeder, 
or delicate person." Minsheu's 
Guide into Tongues, 1627. 
Abroke, part. p. (1) One that 
has a rupture is said to be abroke. 

(2) Torn. Hampsh. 
Abroeen, part. p. Broken out ; 

Abron, adj. Auburn. 
A lustie courtier, whose curled head 
With abron locks was fairly furnished. 
Hall, Sat., b. iii, s. 6. 

Abrood, a^9. (1) Abroad. 

(2) Sitting, applied to a hen. 
Abrook, 9. To brook, endure, 

suffer. Shakespeare's Henry FI. 
Abrupt, part. p. {Lat. abruptus.) 

Abruption, s. {Lat.) A breaking 

off. Minsheu. 

Abrtggb, 9. To be shortened. 

My dayes, make y never so quaynte, 
SchuUen abrygge and sumwhat swuge. 

Cambridge Ml 

Absconsion, 8. {Lat, absconMo. 


Absist, 9. {Lat.) To desist. 

Absolevi adj. Absolute. 
And I \'4 1 ward, syr, verament. 
They )v b)d hvm knvght absulent. 

Bquyr if Lowe Degri, 63C. 




Ab80L«tb, adj. Obsolete. 

Absolute* (1) eu^. (Lai,) Very 
accomplished; perfect. 
(2) pari, p. Absolved; set at 
Ubierty. Chaucer, 

Absolvb, m (Lai.) To finish. 

Absonant, adj, {Lai.) (1) Dis- 
cordant, disagreeing, j^bsonous 
was used in the same sense. 
(2) Untunable. Coekeram, 

Abstacle, 8, for obstacle. 

Abstent, adj. Absent. Warw. 

Abster, v. {Lai, absierreo,) To 

Abstinent, adJ, {Lai.) Abstemious. 

Abstinenct, 8. Abstemionsness. 

AesTORauED, pari, p, (Lai,) 
Wrested away by force. This is 
Min8heu8, explanation in his 
Guide inio Tanguenj 1627. 

Abstract, 8, (from Lai. absiraho,) 
A separation. Shakeepeare, 

Assume, v. {Lai, absumo.) To 
bring to an end by a gradual 
waste ; to eat up. Ab8umpiion, 

Absurd. A scholastic term, em- 
ployed when false conclusions 
are illogically deduced from the 
premises of the opponent. 

Abthane, 8, A steward. Minsheu. 
Said to be the old title of the 
High Steward of Scotland. 

Abu, prep. Above. Devon, 

Abuchyment, 8, {A,'N,) An am- 

Abudb, V, {A.'S.) To bid; to 
offer. MS. \bth ceni, 

Abue, 1 V. (from A.'S, abuffan,) 
abut, J To bow ; to obey. 

Kyng Aylbright gret despyt adde in ys 

That the Bratons nolde seynte Aastyn 

abiie noght. Robert of Glouc- p. 2o5. 
Bii ne ssolde to Englyssemen abue rygt 

nothyng. lb. p. ^4. 

Abuf, prep. Above. 

Abuggen, f. Another form of the 

verb to a^i«, which see. 
kaxsuf^prep. Above* Norih, 

Abukdand, part. a. Abounding. 

Abundation, s. Abundance. Here* 

Aburne, adf. Auburn. It is 
sometimes spelt aboume, as in the 
Triall of Witts, 1604. 

Abuschid, pari, p. Ambushed. 

Abuse, v, {A.^N,) To deceive; 
to impose upon. Abu8abie, that 
may be abused, and abu8age, 
abuse, were words employed in 
the 17th centnry. 

Abused, /7ar/.jt;. Fallen into abuse; 
become depraved. 

Abuseful, a^. Abusive. Here' 

ABusHBMBNTy*. Ab smbush. 

Abushmently, adv. In ambush. 

Abusion, 8, An abuse. Ckaueet 
and Spenser, 

He presnmeth and takethnpon hym in 
partie your estate royal in callyng be- 
fore bym into greate abviion of all your 
lande, and derogacion of your higbnea, 
whiche hath not been sene nor used in 
no dayes heretofore. 

EaU, Henry VI, foL 83. 

Abusious, adj. Abusive. 
Thou aJnmous viilaine I 

Taming of a Shrew, 1607. 

Abut, con/. Sometimes used in the 

beginning of a sentence, where 

no more is really meant than 

would be expressed by the word 

bui, Norih, 

Abuttal,*. (^.-iV.) A boundary. 

Abuyse. See Abie, 

Abvert, V. {Lai. abverio,) To turn 

away. Coekeram, 
Abvolate, v. {Lai, abvoh,) To 

fly away. Coekeram, 
ABW^VKfprep. Above. 

Thane come of the oryenta 
£wyne hyme agaynez 
A blake bustous here 
Abvoene in the clowdes. 

Morte Arthure, 

Aby, V, To abide ; to feel the eff^ect 
of a thing. Shak, Mids, NighiU 
Dream. Same as Abie. 

Abychb. See Abie. 

A»YDDEf pari, p, of abide. 



Abtds, t, (^..5.) To forbear. 
ChauciT. See Abide, 

^"J™ \ An abv88. See AUme. 


Abtt, o. pre». t\ of abyde. Abi- 

deth. See ^6tY. 
Abttd. a form of abide^ found in 

some earlv MSS. 
Ac, conj. {A.'S.) But. 
Academe, «. {Gr.) An academy. 

Love*» Labour Lost. 
Academy, «. This word is used 

by Ben Jonson, and Beaumont 

and Fletcher, with the accent on 

the first .syllable. 
AcAiD, 9, (A.'S. €Beed.) Vinegar. 
AcALE, adj. (from A,'S. aeatiant to 

cool.) Cold. 

For blood may raffre blood, 
Bothe hungry and acaU, 

IHers Ploughman^ p. 898. 

AoARMB, «. {LaL acame.) The 

sea-roach. Kersey, 
AcAS, adv. By chance 
AcASiAN, 8, *' Acasian, that is jus 

of wodstone," Med, MS,, 14th 

AcASTE, o. (A.-S.) To cast away ; 

to lose. 

The olde tre his vertn gan aeaslt. 

The Sevyn Saga, 600. 

(2) To be cast away. 
AcATER, s. (A.'N, aeaterJ) A ca- 
terer ; a purveyor. 

He 18 my wardrobe man, mv aeaUr, cooir, 
Bntler, and steward. Danl is an A$i, i, 8. 

#. (A,'N,) Victuals; 

provisions purchased. 

^Abridged to catef 

which see. 

Whan I cam eerlv or late, 

I pinched nat at hem in myn acale. 

' HoccUoe, i, 180. 

Cotgrave, defining the term pit- 
tanee, says, it imported " meat, 
food, acates, victual of all sorts, 
bread and drink excepted." 

The Mantnan, at his charges, him allow'th 

▲11 fine Mmtea that that same country bred. 

Harrington't AHo»t., iM, 189. 

14 ACC 


AcATRY, 8. (A.-N.) The place al- 
lotted for the provisions pur- 
chased for the king by his pur- 

AcAusB, cor^. Because. Suffolk, 

AcAWMi3t, part,p. Coming. ^Sd- 

AcAZB, prep. (^.-iV,) Against. 
Rob, Gloue, 

AccABLB, V, (Fr,) To press down. 

AccAHiNT8,«. Accounts. Staffordt, 

AccEtiB^Btpart.p. {Lat.) Kindled. 

AccBPciON, 9, {Lai,) Reception ; 

AccBRSB, V. (Lat, aeeerso.) To 

summon ; call together. 

Wherfore the erle, consideryng that 
kyng Edward did dayly encrease hys 
power, as a runnyng ryver by goynj^ 
more and more augmented, thought it 
moste necessary for hym to geve him 
battayle with spede, and- therupon 
accersed and called together hys army. 
Hall, Edward IF, foL 96. 

AccBss, 8, Used by Shakespeare 
in Hamlet, ii, 1, accented on the 
first syllable. 

AccBSSB,^. (in Lat.accessttafibrUt 
the access of a fever.) A fever; or, 
more properly, the fit of an ague. 

For upon hym he liad an note aecesse. 

That daie by dale hym slioke full pitouslie. 
The Complaint of the Blacke Knight, 187. 

AccEssivELiE, adv. {Lat.) Acces- 

sorily ; as an accessory. 

AcciDAVY, 8, An affidavit. North, 

"1 8, (accidia in medieval 

AcciDiB, ^Lat,, derived from the' 

ACCIDB, I (vr.^icij^ta, carelessness, 

, sloth.) Indolence, sloth* 

He hadde an accidie. 
That he sleep Saterdav and Sondav. 

Piers PL, p. 99. 

AcciPiTRi JtY, 8, {Lat, accipitra* 

rhu,) A falconer. 

"] V. (Lat, accire.) To in- 

AcciTB, I cite; also, to summon, or 

ACiTB, I call. Shakespeare, 2 

J Henry IV, and Tit, And. 

We be all by tlie condycyon egall, now 
acyted for to appere unto Buche amd 
80O mervavlous ju^ement. 
Iks OrdynMryc of Crysim Jf«H p. 88Q, 




AccLiTR, 1 (Lot, acclwU.) Slo- 
ACCLivoiTS, J ping ; rising ; steep. 
AccLOT, t>. (1) (A.-N.) To cram ; 
clog; overload; cloy. 

Gorbo, my comfort is aeeloyd with care, 
A new mishap my wonted joyes hath 
Then raerraile not although my mnsicke 
'When she the author of her mirth hath 
Elphin is dead, and >n his erave is laid, &c. 
Drayton, Shepherc^* Qarlaud, 1593. 

(2) (from the Fr. enclouer,) To 

drive a nail in shoeing a horse. 

Hence, accloi/d, «., a wound given 

to a horse in shoeing, by driving 

the nail into the quick. 

AccoAST, V. To sail by the coast; 

to fly near the ground. 

Ne is there hawk that mantleth her on 

whether hig^ towering or aeeoattina low. 
Spenser's Faerie (Queens. 

AccoiL, V. {A,-N,) To be in a anl, 

or bustle of business. 

About the cauldron many cookea auoyli 
With hooks and ladles. 

Spenser's F. Q., II, ix, 80. 

AccoLE, 1 ». (J.'N, accoler,) To 

ACOLK, J embrace round the neck. 

Hence, accolade, the ceremony 

of embracing, at the creation of 


Then acoles he the kny5t, and kysses hym 

As saverly and sadly as he hem sette couthe. 

Sjfr Oatcayne, p. 71. 

AccoLDED, part. p. Become cold ; 
suffering from cold. 

When this knyght that was aeeolded, — 
and hit was grete froste, — and he saw 
the fyre, he descendide of his horse, 
and yede to the fyre, and warmide him. 

Gesta Bonumorum. 

AccoMBEKous, o^, Cumbcrsome; 

AccoMBRE 1 *• (^••'^•) "^^ «ncum. 
' ^ her, perplex, or de- 

Oil of Warwike mi name Is; 
ivel ich am aewmbred y-wis. 



Happlye tliere may be Are less in the same 

nunibre ; 
For their sakes I trust tliu wilt not th« 

rest accombre. Old Play, i, 20. 

Accommodate, 9. (from the Itai. 
accommodare.) This word it 
was fashionable in Shakespeare's 
time to introduce, properly or 
improperly, on all occasions. 
Ben Jonson calls it one of " the 
perfumed terms of the time." 
The indefinite use of it is well 
ridiculed by Bardolph's vain at- 
tempt to define it : 
Accommodated; that is, when a man is, 
as they say, accommodated : or when a 
man is, — being, — whereby, — he may be 
thought to be, — accommodated; which 
is an excellent thing. 2 Hen. IV, iii, 2. 

Hostess, accommodate us with another 

bedstaff — 
The woman does not understand the words 
of action. 

B. Jon., Ev. M. in H., i, 5. 
Will you present and accommodate it to the 

Id., Poetaster, iii, 4. 

Accomplish, v. {A.-N.) To fur- 
nish ; to perform. Shakesp. 
Merch. Ven. and Tarn, Shrew, 

Accompte, «. (A.'N,) To tell ; to 
recount. Skelton. 

Acconferment, 8.(A.-N,) a con- 
firmation* Eob. Glouc. 

AccoRAGE, o. To encourage, ^en^ 

AccoRATH-EARTH, «. A field; 
green arable earth. North. 

Accord, 1«. (A,»N.) An agree- 
ACORD, J ment ; a decision. 
Shakespeare uses this word in 
the sense of agreement in As 
You Like It; as a verb, to agree, 
in Romeo and Juliet; and ac» 
eordantf agreeable, in Much Ado 
about Nothing, 

Thou opene mvne lyppen. Lord, 
Let felthe of seniie out wende. 

And my roonthe wyth wel god acord 
Schel thyne worscbypyng seiide. 

WilUam de Shoreham, 

Sire knight, quoth he, maister and my 

Now draweth cut, for that is myn aoord, 
Cksmceft Canterbury Tales, 99% 




AccoRDAUNT, part, a. Agreeing. 

Saclie thynge whereof a man may lew. 
That to vcrtu is flcorrfawn*. 

GowfTt MS. 

The printed edition of Gower has 
the word acordend. 
Nowe mvght tliou here next sewend 
Wliiche to this vyce is acordend 

Gowefy ed. 1532, f. So. 

AccoKDiNO, part, a. Granting. 

AccoRT, adj, {A.'N. aecort,) 

Wary; prudent. Minsheu. 
Accost, v. (J.-N.) To address 

one's self to a person or thing ; to 

approach ; to attempt, or try. 
AccouNSAYL, V. To counsel with ; 

8. counsel. 
Account, v. (A.-N.) To reckon. 
Long worke it were 

Here to account the endlesse progeny 

Of all the weeds that bud and blossome 

Spenser'a Faerie Queene, III, vi, 80. 

Accountant, adj. Accountable. 

And, I dare think, he'll prove to Desdemona 
A most dear husband. Now, 1 do love her 
too, , , 

Not out of absolute lust, though, perad- 

1 stand flccottntenHor as great a sm. 

Othello, n, 1. 

AccouPLB, V. (A,-N.) To couple, 
or join together. Acopled is used 
in the Plumpton Corr,, p. 50, for 

AccouRAOE, V, Tc ttcourage. 

AccouRTiNG, part. a. Courting. 

AccoY, V, {A.'N, accoyer.) To 

appease; extinguish; to render 

shy or coy ; to pacify. 

Thou foolish swain that thus art ovei-joy'd, 

How soon may here thy courage be accoi/d. 

Peele'e Eglogue Gratutatorie, 1589. 

AccoYNTED, part. p. Acquainted. 

AccRASE, V, {Fr.) To crush ; to 


Fynding my youth myspent, my sub- 
stance ympayred, my credyth accraeed, 
my talent hydden, my follyes laughed 
att, my rewyne unpytted, and my 

To curse. 

trewfch unemp] 

Qiteeu*sProffresus, 1, 21. 

AccRBASE, 9. (from Lat, acerneo.) 
To increase : to augment. 

AccREW, V. (Fr,) To increase ; to 
accrue. Spenser. 

But sight and talke aeerew to It/re, the 
eubstance must be had. 

Wartier'a Albion*$ EngUmd, 1592. 

AccROCHB, r. {Fr.) To gather; 

to catch hold of; to increase; 

to encroach. 
AccRUMENT,«. (from Fr. accruer.) 

Addition ; increase. 
AccuB, s. The footmark of any 

animal. Cockeram. 

'^^^°""' U. (^..5.) 

ACURSB, J ^ ^ 

Which is lif that oure Lord 
Li alle lawes acurseth. 

Piers PI, p. 376. 

Accuse, v. {A.^N.) To discover 

or betray. 

The entrees of the yerde aeeweth 
To him that in the watir museth. 

Bom. of the Rose, 1591. 

(2) s. Accusation. Shakespeare. 
AccusEMBNT, s. Au accusatiou. 

We do apperceyvc by the relation of 
your graces commissiuners Mr. doctoTir 
Legh and Mr. WilliHms, that diverse 
and sondrye aceusementes have ben 
made upon' us unto your highnes. 

MoTuutic Letters, p 154. 

Ace of Spades. A widow. This 
slang word is given in the Lexi- 
con Balatronicumf Bvo, Lond., 

AcBLE, V. To seal. Rod, Glome, 

Acenten, V. To assent. 

Acerbate, v, {Lat.) To make 
sour or sharpen. 

AcEROTE, B. Brown bread. Min» 

AcBRSECOMiCK, s, Ouc whosc hair 
was never cut. Cockeram's Eng- 
Ush JHetionariet 1639. 

AcERTAiNBD, part, p. Informed 

• certainly ; confirmed in opinion. 

AcERYATE, V, {Lat,) To heap 

Acescent, aJt* {Lat.) Sour. 




Acx8s, V. (J.'N,) To cease; to 

cause to cease. 
AcBTARRB, 8. (Ft-) A salsd of 

small herbs. Coekeram^ 1639. 
AcETH. A form of cueth. See 


Acelk for trespas, saHsfactio. 

Prompt. Fan,, ed. 1499. 

AcH, «. Smallage ; water-parsley ; 

AcHARNE, V. (from Fr» achamir,) 

To set on ; to aggravate against. 
AcTkATf8.{J.'N.) (1) A contract; 

a bargain. Chaucer, 

(2) Bargaining. 

Coemption ia to saie, comen achate or 
buying: together, that were establislied 
npun the peple by soche a niaiifr ini- 
poaicion, as who so bought a bushell of 
come, he must yeven the kyug tlie 
fiveth parte. Chaucer's Boethins, 

Achates, «. (A.-N,) An agate. 
AcHATouR, 8. (A.'N.) The person 

who had the charge of the acatry ; 

the purveyor. 

A gentil mannciple was ther of a temple. 
Of which achaUmn mighten take exemple. 

Chaucer, C. T., 569. 

AcBAUFB, r. (Fr.) To warm j to 

AcHAUNGED, part, p. Changed. 
AcHB, «. An ash tree. Plumpton 

Correspondencet p. 188. 
AcHB-BONB, 8. The hip-bone. 
ACHBLOR, 8. Ashlar, or hewn stone. 

This form occurs in a Yorkshire 

document, temp. Hen. VIII. 
Aches, pL Was frequently used as 

a dissyllable. See Hudibra8f 111, 

ii, 407. 
AcRBsouN, V, {A*'N. achai8on.) 

Reason; cause. 
AcHBTTN, V. To escheat. Prompt 

AcHBVB,9. (A,'N.) To accomplish. 

AcHOKBo, part, p. Choked. 
AcHOR, «. A scab on the head of 

AcHOBN «, Aa acorn. Che8Mre, 

AcisB. For assise. 

AciTB, ». (^.-iV.) To cite; turn 
mon. See Aeeite, 

AcK, e. To mind; to regard. 

AcKBR, "I #. (apparently from A-S, 
AKBR, J 6!^or, the flowing of the 
sea.) This word is explained 
in the early lexicographers by 
the Latin impetua mariit and is 
stated to be that which pre- 
cedes the "flood or flovring." 
Eager, and Niger, are variations 
of the same term. The follow- 
ing extract from MS. Cott. Titus 
A., xxiii, f- 49, further explains 
the meaning of the word : 

Wei know tbev the renme jt it aryse, 

An aker is it ciept, I understonde, 

Wlios myght there may no shippe or wynd 

Tliis reume in thoccian of propre kynde, 
Wytoute wynde hathe his commotionn j 
The maryneer therof may not be blynde. 
Bat when and where in every regioun 
It regnetbe, he moste have inspectioui} 
For in viage it may bothe haste and tary. 
And, nnavised thereof, al myscary. 

It appears that the word acker 
is still applied on the Trent to a 
dangerous kind of eddying twirl 
which occurs on the river when 
it is flooded. In the dialect of 
Craven, a ripple on the surface 
of the water is termed an acker. 

(2) 8. (A.'S, tecer.) An acre; 
a field. YorJteh. 

(3) Fine mould. North, 
AcKBRN, 8, An acorn. A Northern 

word, used principally in West- 
moreland and Cumberland. 

AcKBRSPRiT, V. {A,JS.) Wilbraham 
explains this word as being said 
of potatoes when the roots have 
germinated before the time of 
gathering them. Corn, and par- 
ticularly barley, which has ger- 
minated before it is malted, is 
said, in the East of England, to 
be acreapired, 

AcKBRSPYRB. A word in vai 




•OMRgtt iDMons and stone-get- 
ten (or delvers) in the neigh- 
bourhood of Huddenfield, &c., 
in reference to stone which is 
not of a free workable quality, 
but, on the contrary, is of a very 
hard, flinty, or metallic quality, 
and difficult to work. 
ioKBTOUN, g, (A.'N.) A jacket of 
quilted leather, worn under the 
mail armour; it is sometimes used 
for the armour itself. 

A^KNOW, tt. (A.-S,) To acknow- 
ledge. North, It occurs not 
unfrequently in the Elizabethan 

AcKSKN, 8, (^.-5.) Ashes. JFUit, 

\CKWARD8, adv. Applied to a 
beast when it lies backwards, and 

■ cannot rise. 

AcLiT, a^. Adhered together. 

ApLiTB, adv. Awry. North, 

AcLOTB. See Accloy, 

AoLUMsiD, part, p, {A,'S,) Be- 
numbed with cold. 

AcMB, 8, (from Gr, ciKiiij,) Mature 
age. Jonson, 

AcoATHBo, adj. Rotten or dise&sed 
in the liver, as sheep. Dorset, 

AooLD, adf. (from the A,'S, aco* 
km,) Cold. 

Late come to an abbey 
8yx men other seven, 
KdA. lat theroD aske gode 
For Godd love of heven, 
He schal stood tberoute 
Anhungred and acold. 

W. de Shorekam. 

AcoLASTic, adj. (from the Gr, 
aKoXaffriKoe.) Intemperate; riot- 
ous; prodigal: lascivious. Min. 
sheu gives these meanings of the 
word in his Guide into Tongues, 

AcoLATB, adj, {Gr,) Fro ward; 
peevish. So explained in Eider^e 
Dietionarie, 1640. 

AcoLDiNo, part, a, (from the jC'S. 
See AcoJd,) Getting cold. 

i^OLBN. See Ateol^, 

AcoicBBB,v. (ii.-5.) To encumber I 
to trouble. 

The feend with prede tteombretk oom. 
With wrethe and with eiivie. 

W. de Sh^eham, 

AcoMBLTD, part. p. Enervated 
with cold. Prompt. Parv. 

AcoMPLiN, adj. Limping. Lane, 

AcoNicK, a4f. (from aconite.) Poi- 
sonous. Rider, 

Acop, adv. (from the A,-S, eop.) 
On end ; conically. 

Marry sh* is not in fashion yet; she 
wears a hood, but it stands aeop. 

Ben Jonso», iii, 60. 


1 V. (from A.-S. 
* Uo lament.) To 

YB, I . ' 

J to grieve. 


At Oloucestre he deide, ac eir nadde he 

That aeorede al this load, and ys men 

echon. JSoi. OUmc. 

Bu a peyre of a mare^ other thou ssalt hit 
acorye sore. /&. 

AcoRSB, V. (A.^S.) To curse. 
Callede hem eaytyves 
Acorted for evere. JPiere PI., p. 876. 

AcoRST, V. (from the A.-N, core, a 
body.) To bury. " For to acorsy 
here brother body." Oxf. MS. 

AcosT, adv. (from A.^N, a coste.) 
On the side ; near. 

ForUi thai paaseth this lond aeaet. 

Arthour emd Merlin. 

.««»^». ^counter. MSS. of 

AcouPB, V. (from A.^N. acou^er.) 
To blame ; accuse ; inculpate. 

Me aeoupede horn harde inon, and seththe 

atte last, 
As theves and traitors, in strong prison me 

horn caste. Bob. qfGloue., p. 644. 

AcouPEMBNT, 8, An accusatiou. 


An onset. 

At the aeoupytig the knittes [speres] either 
brak on other. W. and the JFeno., p. 134. 

AcoyEKDf past, t. Recovered. 
Acovr, adv. Crooked: awry. 
North. ^ 



AcoTNTi,v. (from A.-N. aeointer.) 
To make acquaintance. 

Heo •eoynteie liym anon, and bicomen 

freodes gode, 
Bothe for here prowea, and for heo were of 

ou Mode. Bob. o/Oloue., p. 15. 

AcoYSTNO, 9, Accusing. A mere 
corrupt spelling. Kyng JUsaun' 
der, 3973. 

AcavAiNTy 9. An acquaintance. 

— mine old atufiutinl ia she. 
And one whom 1 have us'd in that degree. 
LuU's Hutorie of Hthodorut, 1638. 

AcauAiNTABLB. Easy to be ac- 
quainted with. Miruheu'9 Guide 
into Tbnffuet, 1627. 

AcausYNT, adj. (from J.'S, oc- 

wenean.) Quenched. 

— — 80 that me thynketh. 
My thnrst shall never be oequeynL 


AcauiLLy V. (J.'N.) A term in 

hunting. It was applied to the 

back and doe, the male and the 

female fox, and all vermin, and 

is nearly synonymous with the 

more modem word imprim^. 

8yr hnntere, how many bestis aequiUf 
Syr, the bak and the doo, the male fox 
and the female, and alle othir vermyn, 
as many as be put in the book. And 
how many braches f Sire, alle that be 
aequiU», Beliq. AtU.f i, 161. 

AcauisB, V, {A,'N,) To acquire. 
AcauisT 1 '• (^--^0 A.n acqui- 
aSTubst r"*^°°' something 
* J acquired or gained. 

His servants he with new acqtnat 
Of true experience from this great event 
With peace and consolation hath dismist. 
SatMon Affonittgi, v, 1756. 

Mod, reposed near the ostea of rivers, 
makes continual additions to the land, 
thereby excluding the sea, and preserv. 
ing these shells as trophies and signs of 
its new aefuc$t$ and encroachments. 


Skinner his it aa a Terb^ to ac- 
AcwJiTtpart p.{A,'N,) Acquitted. 

AcauiTB, V. To requite. 
AcaurrTANCBy 9. {A.'N.) (1) A> 
quaintance. Siinner* 

(2) Beqnital. OiheOot W, f. 

(3) A (Uscharge, or release : fo^^ 
nierly in general use for what 
ia now cidled a receipt; and 
it ia still so in the northern 

AcRASBD. Crazed. 

AcKB, 9, (from the A,'S. «eer.) A 
field. Originally not a deter- 
mined quantity of land, but any 
open ground. 

(2) A duel fought by single com- 
batants, English and Scotch, be- 
tween the frontiers of the two 
kingdoms, with sword and lance. 

AcRB-DALE, 9. {A^S,) Lauds in a 
common field, in which different 
proprietors hold portions of 
greater or less extent. North. 

AcRBMB, 9. Ten acres of land. A 
law term. 

AcRBMAN, «. {A.»S,) A husband- 

The fonles vp, and song on bongh. 
And acrtmen yede to the plough. 

Xay l« Frnue, 178. 

AcRBSHOT, f . A kind of local land- 

AcRBSTAFF, 1 Called a plough- 

AKBR8TAFF, j Staff in Hutoet, An 

instrument to cleanse the plough- 

culter. See Kersey's EngUgh 

Dictionary f 1715. 

AcRiLOOY, «. (from Lat, aeer, and 
Gr. \6yoe,) Bitter speaking. 
Minsheu gives this word in his 
Guide into Tongufi9, 1627. 

AcROKB, ad9. Crooked. 

Acrook'd, a4}. Crooked; awry. 

ACROSFYRB, 1 V. (ffOm Gt, &KfH>et 

AKERSPiRB, J the extremity, or 
end, and irntlpa, a curling 
shoot.) To sprout. When un- 
housed grain, exposed to wet 
weather, sprouts at both ends, 
it it said to aeroapyre. Pota- 
toes, sprouting prematurely, afi 




taid to be aeiertpriited. See 

For want of turning, when the malt ii 
•pread on the floor, it comes and sprouts 
at both ends, which is called to ocro- 
$pyre; and then it is fit only for swine. 
Mortimer** Husbandry. 

In a Scottish act of parliament, anent 
malt-makers, it is said they " let their 
malt akerspire, and shute out all the 
thrift and substance at baith the ends, 
quhare it sould come at ane end onlyJ^ 
Regiam Majestatenit p. 293. 

Across. A kind of exclamation 
when a sally of wit miscarried. 
Said to be taken from the lan- 
guage used in jousting. See 
Sbakesp. AlTs WeU that Ends 
Well, ii, 1. 

Acrostic, adj. Crossed on the 
breast. ''^cro«/cc arms." Middle' 
ton. It may be regarded as a 
punniug use of the word. 

AcROTCH, V. (from Fr, acroeher.) 
To take up ; to seize. 

Ac8EDB,/ire/./7. Asked. A rather 
unusuid form. 

The kyng Alesandre aaede 
Hwan sidl that be. 

Beliq. Antiq., i, SO. 

Act, 9. To behaye ; to condnct. 

Act of parliament. A military 
term for small beer, five pints of 
which, by an act of parliament, 
a landlord was formerly obliged 
to give to each soldier gratis. 

Acts, 8. ( Gr. dcr )).) The sea< shore. 

AcTiFS, 9. pL An order of monks, 
who, according to Skinner, fed 
on nothing but roots and herbs. 

AcTiLLY, adv» Actually. Laneash. 

AcTious, a(y. Active. 

With dirers here not catal(vd, and for a 

cheefest take 
▲11 actious Candish, and of these etemall 

pen-M'orke make. 

Albion** England, ed. 1613. 

AcTiT TioN, f. {Lat.) Frequent 


cant term is given in the Lexicon 

Balatronicum, and is too piquant 

to be omitted. 

Acton, «. (A»-N.) A jacket or 

tunic, worn under a coat of mail. 

See Acietoun. 

"RiMoeton it was all of blacke, 
His hewberke and his sheelde. 

iSSr Cauline, in Percy** Bel. 

Actourbs, «. (A.-N.) Governors ; 

keepers. Wycklyffe, 
Actuate, v. (from Ital. attudre,) 

To put into action ; to produce. 
AcTURE, 9, (Lat.) Action. 
All my offences, that abroad you see. 
Are errors of the blood, none of the mind ; 
Ix)ve made them not; with aeture they 

may be. 
Where neither party is nor true nor kind. 
. Shake*. Lovet'* CompluinL 

AcuATE, V. (from Lat, acuo ) 


Gryndyng with vynegar tylll was fatygate. 

And also with a quautyt^ of spyces acuate. 

Ashmole** Theat. Chem. Brit., p. 191. 

In the following example, the 

word is erroneously altered to 

acttiate in the reprint by the 

Shakespeare Society : 

The Lacedemonians trusting the oracle, 
receved the champion, and fearing the 
government of a stranger, made him 
ther citizen; which once done and he 
obteiniug the dukdome, he assended 
the theater, and ther very learnedly 
wyshing them to forget thevr folly, and 
to thinke on victory, they being tuvate 
by his eloquence, waj^ng battail won 
the field. Lodge'* Defence of Plays, 1679. 

Ac uis, «./)!.. k^e». idS.ofiith 

Acuminate, v, (from Lat, aeumina-' 
tu9.) To whet. Bider*9 Diction- 
arte, 1640. 

AcuRE, adj, A chemical term, ap- 
plied to a drug, the power of 
which is increased by the addition 
of some other. 

AcuRSEN. See Acor9en, 

Acydbnandvs, adv. Aside; ob« 
liquely. Prompt. Parv, Appa« 
rently a corrupt spelling of a9ide- 




AcraoLooiCALL, a^. (from 6r. 
dKvpoXoyia, impropriety of ex- 
pression.) Improper speaking. 
This word occurs in Rider^t 
Dictumarie, 1640. 

AcTBB, 9. (ji.-N,) Custom ; law. 

And of these berdede bukkes also, 
Wytli liemself thy moche mysdo. 
That leve Crysteii mennys acy««. 
And hannte al the iiewe gyse. 


Ad. Hath. Adde, Had, occurs in 

Bob. GUmc. 
Adacteo, part, p, {Lot. adaeiut.) 

Driven in hy force. Minsheu, 
Adad, adv. Indeed ; truly. 

I see you wonder at my changes; what, 
mxrald yon never have a man learn 
breedine, a<<ai/ 

ShadweU, Squire o/AUoHa, 1«88. 

^ey are all deep, they are very deep 
and sharp; sharp aa needles, adadi the 
wittiest men in Engkuid. lb . 

AnJtauATE, part, p. (Lat. admqua- 
tus.) Equal to. 

Why did the Lord from Adam, Ere ereate ? 
Becaase with hiu she should not b* mtUf- 

Had she been made of earth, she wonld 

hare deem'd 
Her self his sister, and his equal seem'd. 
0w9iCi ^grams, 1677. 

Adam. A serjeant, or bailiff, was 
jocularly so called. See Sbakesp. 
Comedy ofErrorw, iv, 3. 

Adam-and-Kvb. The bulbs of 
orchis maeulata, which have a 
fancied resemblance to the human 
figure. Craven. 

Ada.m-tilbr, ». A pickpocket's 
associate, who receives the stolen 
goods, and runs off with them. 

Adamant, 9. {A.-N.) The magnet. 

As tnM to thee as steel to adamant. 

GreeK*» Tu Quoque. 
As iron, toueh't by the adamant*t effect. 
To the north pole doth ever imint direct. 
Sylv. Du BarUu, p. 64. 

The mutual repulsion of two 
magnets, which takes place in 
some situations, is alluded to in 
the follow \ig extracts 

— - away I 

Well be as differing hs two adanuuih 
The one shall shnn tlie other. 

WhUe Devil, 0. PL, vi, 816 

Adamantinb, adj. Very han! 
This word occurs in Eider' 
IHetionarie, 1640. 

Ad AM ATE, V. (from Lat, adamare.^ 
To love dearly. Miruhcu. 

Adamites, 9. pi. A sect of enthu. 
siasts who were said to imitate the 
nakedness of Adam in their pub- 
lic assemblies.* 

Adam's-ale, 9. Water. Var. dial. 

Adam's-applb, 9. (1) A kind ot 
citron. Gerard. 

(2) The nob in a man's throat, 
so called, because, it is said, 
when Eve swallowed her apple 
with ease, and gave another to 
Adam, his conscience so rebelled 
against it, that it never got 
farther than his throat. 

Adam'b-flannel, 9. White mul- 
lein; perhaps from the soft white 
hairs with which the leaves are 
covered on both sides. Cranen. 

Adarnech, 9. Colour like gold. 

Adarnbd, ad;. Ashamed. Cole9. 

Adarris, 9. The flower of sea- 
water. Howell. 

Adased, \adj. {A.'N.) Dazzled; 

ADASSiD, J putoutof countenance. 

The glittring tlierof wold have made 

every man's eyes so adased, that no man 

should have spied his falshed. 

Sir T. More. 

Adauds, adv. In pieces. Yorksh. 

ADAUNT, I reduce; to daunt, miti. 

^"^'*^' J gate. 
Adauntreley. Another form of 

avauntlay, which see.. 
Ai}AW,v.(A.'N.) (1) Tobedaunted. 

Therewith her wrathful courage gan appaU, 
And haughty spirits meekly to adaw. 

Spenser, F. Q., IV, vi, 96. 

As one adaw'd and half confused stood. 


(2) To awake. This seems t« 
be a figurative sense, for Pals* 



pwe says, " I adawe or adawne, 
as tlw daye dothe in the morn- 
ynge whan the sonne draweth 
towardes his rysyng;" and, "I 
adawe one out of a swounde.'* 
Him to rewakin she did all her pain ; 
And at tlie )a»t he gan his breth to drawe, 
Aad of his swough sone after that adawe. 
Trail, and Ores., iii, 1124. 

(3) To kill ; to execute. 

Some wolde have hym adawCy 
And some sayde it was not lawe. 
Bom. o/Biehard C. de L., 973. 

rDZrEs,}'"'^- In the daytime. 

I ryse soner than yon do adayes: ie me 
descouchephtt tost que vom tous let iours. 


Adays, adv. Now-a-days. East 

Adaz, », An addice. KetmetL 
Adcorporatb, V, (Lat.) To in- 
corporate. Mhuheu't Guide into 

Tongues, 1627. 
Addecimatb, V, (Lat.) To take 
. tithes. Minsheu't Guide into 

TongueSt 1627. 
Addekm, 9. (A,'S,) To think ; to 

judge ; to determine. Spenser, 
Adder-bolt, 8. The dragon fly. 

Var. diaL 
Adder-say. I dare say. Yorksh, 
Aodbr's-grass, a. The name in 

Gerard for the cynosorchis, 
Adder*s-tongub, a. A plant ; the 

Adobr-wort, a. The bistort or 


Addicb, s. {A.-S.) An adze. 

I had thon^lit Ihad rode npon addicet 
between this and Canterbury. 

Lyly*s Mother Bomhie, 1594. 

An addia, or little axe. Baret'g 

Jlvearie, 1580. 

(2) An addled egg, HuheL 

Addict, part, p. For addicted. 

To studies good addkt of comely grace. 

JUirr.for Mag. 

Addiction, t. {Lat,) The state of 

being addicted to anything. 

Since ua mddictiott was to courses vain. 
Shukesp. BenrvF, i,l. 

AoDnioN, f. (Lat,) A title gireii 
to a man over and above his Cbria« 
tian and snrname, showing his 
rank, occupation, &e., or alluding 
to some exploit or achievement. 

Addiwissbn. Had I known it. 
North. A corruption of hady^ 
wisseHf or hadiwist, which see. 
Adywyst occurs in MSS. as old 
as the 15th cent. 

Addle, v. (from the A.'S, mttetm, 
a reward.) So pronounced in 
Yorkshire; in Staffbrdshiie it is 
a-dle; in Cumberland, ettle/ and 
in Cheshire, peddle. To earn by 

With goodmen*! hogs, or com, or hay, 
I addle my uinepence every day. 

Bichard of Dalton JkOe. 

In the Eastern counties it is ap- 
plied to the growth of com ; as, 
**that crop addles," «. e. thrives. 
Forhg. In which sense it is osed 
by Tusser — 

Where ivy embraceth the tree very sore. 
Kill ivy, else tree will addle no more. 

It occurs in the Tawnky MyBte^ 
riett p. 195. See Adyld. "To 
addle his shoon '* is said in the 
North of a horse that falls upon 
his back, and rolls from one side 
to the other. In Sussex, when a 
horse does so, he is said to " earn 
a gallon of oats." 

(2) Labourers' wages. York$h. 

(3) s. A swelling with matter in 
it. Somerset, 

(4) 8, The headland of a field ; 
same as adland, Northampt. 

(5) a. Lees or dregs. 
{6)adj, Empty. 

Addlbd, adj. Having corrnption. 
Used in this sense in Somerset- 
shire. Hence addled egg, said of 
an egg in a state of putrefaction, 
according to Grose and Jennings ; 
but more usually applied to an 
egg forsaken by the hen after her 
sitting. **Urinum ovum, gene- 
ratiooi ineptum, qaod fit incuba* 




none derelicta, an mddte egge, a 
winde egge.'' Rider^t Lafin Die- 
tumarie, 1640. 

.Vddlk-hbabbd, adJF. Stapid; 
thoughtless. Var, diaU 

Aj>dlb-patb» 9, A foolish person. 

AoDLB-PLOT, «. A person who 
spoils any amusement. South. 

Addlb-pool, «. A pool, or puddle, 
near to a dunghill, for receiving 
the liquid that oozes from the 
dunghill ; in which liquid it is 
not uncommon, in Sussex, to see 
large quantities of mould or 
earth, taken from the comraonsy 
thrown to be saturated with it. 

AjDDLiNGS, a. The wages received 
for labourers' work. YorJkthire. 
See Addle, 

Addoloratb, v. (taken apparently 
from the lioL dohr&re.) To 

Addrbss, o. (fV*.) To prepare for 
anything; to get ready. 

Adds. a. An addice. 

Adb, a. To cut a deep gutter across 
ploughed land. Skropth. 

ADBO,a. Vinegar milk. HoweiL 

Adblantado, 9. (a Spanish word.) 
A lord president or deputy of a 
country ; a commander. 

Invincible aiekmtado over the armado of 
pimpled fmces. 

Massimger, Firg. Mart,, ii, 1. 

Open nodoor ; if the adtHantado of Spain 
were here he should not enter. 

B. Jim., Be. M, out o/H-t v, 4. 

Adbm AND, f. The loadstone. See 

Adbnt, v. To fasten. Minshen, 
Adbption, a. {Lat.) An acquire- 

A portion of time wherein, to my nn- 
derstandiii]!;, there hath bin the rarest 
varieties, that in like number of suc- 
eesstons of any herediUtry monarchy 
hath bin knowue : for it beginneth with 
the niixt mdepUom of a crowue, by armes 
' title. 
MtuBom, 4i». ^fLetru., b. ii, p. 114. 

ADBauATB,v.(Za/.) TomakeetCft 

or equal. 
Adbkcop, f. {A.'JS,) A spider. See 

Adbs, a. An addice. Ketmett. 
AD^BfOTXc, adj.(Gr.) NotdespotSc« 
AoBWBN, V. (from A.-S. demcUm- 

to bedew.) To moisten ; to bc-> 


Thy gracioas ahooryi lat reyne in halrand' 

Upon myn herte t* adevm every reyne. 

hsigaUi Minor Poems, p. 851, 

Adpiliatb, 9. (Lai.) To adopt for 
a son. MiTuheu*9 Guide into 
Tbngnee, 1627. 
Adgb, a. An addice. North, 
Aohbrb, 9. {Lat,) To suit; to fit. 

I woaM have sworn his disposition 
would have gone to the truth of hiS 
words ; but they do no more adhere anA 
keep pace together, than the hundredth 
psaim to the tune of Greene Sleeves. 

Merry Wives oj Windsor, ii, 1. 

Adbib, a. A name of the herb eye- 

Adhibitb, 9. {Lat.) To admit. 

Adhort, v. {Lot.) To adyiae, or 

Julius Agricola was the first (hat hf 
•dhortitig the Britaincs publikdy, UM 
helping them privately, wun them lo 
build bouses for themselves. 

Stomas London, p. 4. 

Adiaphorict, 9. (from Gr. 6Z%a» 
^pia, indifference.) Indifference. 
Ridet'e Dic/tonarte, 1640. 

Adioht, part. p. {A.»S.) Adorned. 

Thanne sawe they yn a park 
A castell stout and stark 
That ryaily was adyaii. 

Lffheaus DisconMS, 711. 

Abihtbk, v. (from A.-S. adihtan.) 
To order; arrange ; adorn ; as he 
adihteth him, <. a. fits himself 

Adihteth him a gay wenehe of the newejett 

PoUlieid Sonys, p. W9. 

Xdijx, prep. Within. Su99ex, 
AifiKfpron. Either. A local form. 




Aorr, 9. (Lat) A sough or level in a 
mine, for the purpose of drawing 
off water. Derbyah. 

Adite, 9. {A,-N.) To indite ; to 

Kyne Rychard dede a lettre wryte, 
A noble clerk it gan adyte. 

Btck, Cocr de LUnty 1174. 

AoiTioN, 9, (Lat.) An entrance or 

approach to. 
Adjotnate, part, p. Joined. 

Two semely princes, together adioyiuU«. 

Hardyn^s CJuimtU. 

Adjoynaunt, part, a. Adjoining. 

Truth it is, that he (Carelicus) wyth hys 
Britons were dryven into Cambrva, or 
Wales : yet be left not continuallye to 
make reyses and assutes uppon the 
Saxon8,next to him adjoynaunte. 

Fabian's Vhron., p. t, f. 106. 

AojoYNAUMTBS, f. Those who are 

Sought and practised waies and meanes 
how to joine himself with forein princes, 
and to greve and hurte his neighbors 
and adjoynauntes of tlie realme of Eng- 
land. Hall, Hen. VI, t 63. 

AdjoynTi adj, A person joined 
with another; a companion or 

— here with these erave adjoynts, 
(Tliese learned maisters) they were taught 

to see 
l^eoiselves, to read the world, and keep 

their points. IkmiePs Civ. Wart, iv, 69. 

Adjourn, v. (from the ^.-iV. 
adjoumer.) To dte or sum- 
mon any one to appear before 
a judge. 

AojUMENT, 9. {Lat, adjumentum.) 
Help; succour. Miege, 

Adjunct, part, p. (Lat. adjunctu9,) 
United with; immediately con- 

AojUTB, V, (Lat. adjut;) To assist ; 
to help. Jotuon. 

Adjutoriks, 9. The arm bones are 
80 cal ed in the old English trans- 
lation of Viffo'9 Book qf Chirur- 

Ad JuvANTy part, a, (Lat*) Assist* 


Which meeting with convenient matter 
and adjwMMt causes, doe proceed to tha 
{generation of severall species, accord- 
ing to the nature of the efficient and 
aptnesse of the matter. Aubrey's Wills. 

Adlands, 9, The butts in a 
ploughed field which lie at right 
angles to the general direction of 
the others ; the part close against 
the hedges. Shrqpah,, North- 
ampt., and Leice9ter9h. 

Adlb, adj. Unsound; unwell. Ea9t. 
See Addle. 

Admeasurement, 9. (Fr.) A law 
term, defined by Cowell to be "a 
writ which lyeth for the bringing 
of those to a mediocrity, that 
usurp more than their part.'' 

Adminiculary, adj. (Lat,) Col- 
lateral; indirect. 

That he should never help, aid, supply, 
succour, or grant them any subven- 
titious furtherance, auxiliary suffrage 
or adminiculary assistance. 

SahelaiSt iii, 84. 



9, This word, which 
is very varied in its 
orthography, is a 
smere corruption of 
the Arab emir. Ac- 
cording to some, 
the word is from 

emir-alma, or emir of the water. 
It is used especially in the me- 
dieval romances, where it signi- 
fies a Saracen commander, or 
sometimes a king. According 
to Kennett, the term admiral 
was not introduced, in its present 
sense, before the latter end of 
the reign of Edward I. 

He sende aftur lordyngys, 
Fyftene admeraUys and kyngys. 
And armyd them to fyght. 

(Mmbridge M8. 
And he the cytees and he the towiies 
ben amyralles, that ban the governance 
of the peple. MaundenWs Travels, 

A launce in hys hand he helde. 
He smot an amynUe in the scheldek 




Tho s^c on admyrold. 

Of wordes he wes swythe bold. 

Kyng Horn. 

Admirablist, adj. Most admi- 
rable. Accented on the ante- 
penult. Yorksh, 

Admiral of the blub. A publi- 
can. This cant word is given 
by Grose, who informs us that 
the blue aprons formerly worn 
by publicans gave rise to the 

Admirativb, adj, Minsheu applies 
the term admiratwe point to the 
note of interrogation (?)• 

Admire, «. Admiration. 

When Archidamns did behold with wonder. 

Mail's imitation of Jove's dreadfull thunder, 

He thus conehides his censure with admire. 

Bowland^M Knave of Hearts, 1613. 

Admittancb, «. Used by Shake- 
speare in the sense of a custom 
or power of being admitted into 
the presence of great personages. 
Ford calls Falstaff a gentleman 
"of great admittance,** Merry 
WweSt ii»2. 

Admittiblb, adj. Admissible. 

Many disputable opinions may be had 
of warre, M'ithout the praysing: of it as 
only admittible by inforced necessitie, 
ana to be used onely for peace sake. 

Harrison** Dese. of Britain. 

Admonbst, V, (from the A.-N, ad' 
monester.) To admonish; to 

Admonishmbnt, 9» Admonition. 

Admovb, 9. (from Lot, admoveo.) 
To move to. 

Adnichbll, v. To annihilate. 

Adnihilatb, v. {Lat,) To annihi- 
late. This word is given by 
Minsheu in his Guide into 
Tonguee, 1627. 

Adnote, v. {Lai. adnoto,) To note ; 
to observe. 

Adnul, 9. {Lat.) To annuL 

Ado, v. (1) To do. 

I wol that thei togithir go. 
And done al that thei han ado. 

BomoMnt of the Rose, 5060. 

{2) part, p. Done; finished. So- 

Adonnet, 9, A devil. North, 
Adoors, adv. At the door. 

But what, sir, I beseech ye, was that 

Your lorddiip was so studiously im^oyed 

When ye came out adoors f 

Woman Pleased^ iv, 1. 

Adoptious, adj. Adoptive. Shaieep. 
Adorat, 9, A weight of foui 

pounds, a chemical term. 
Adorb, v. To adofn. Spenger, 

And those true tears, falling on your pure 

Should turn to armlets for great Queens to 

adore. Beaumont and Fletcher. 

Adornation, 9, (Lat.) Adorning. 

Mintheu*9 Guide into Tonguee, 

Adornb, (1) V, To adore. 

(2) «• An ornament ; adorning. 

Adote, V, To doat. 

He wax neijh out of wit for wrath that 

And for dol adoteth and doth him to hire 


WHUam and the Werwolf, p. 74w 

Adoubed, part.p, {A,'N.) Armed ; 


"I 9, (from J.-N. adouU 

ApouLCE, eer.) To mitigate with 

adulce, I sweetness; sweeten. 

J Minsheu*9 G. 7'., 1627. 

Not knowing this, that Jove decrees 
Some mirth, t' adulce man's miseries. 

Herrick's Works, u, 47. 

Adoun, adv. Below. 

Whan Phebus duelt her in this erthe adoun, 
As olde bookes maken mencioun. 

Chaucer, C. T., VIJ^l. 

And when the gospel ys y-done, 
Ajayn thou my^th knele adown. 

Constitiuions of Masonry, p. 85. 

AD0UTED,;par/./7. (A,-N.) Feared; 

ADPOYifTE,9. To appoint. Motuuti^ 

Letter9, p. 194. 




Adaad, Ipart p. (from A,-S. 

ADHEDt J adrmdin,) Frightened; 


— I am adrad, by saynt Thomas, 
It itondeth nat aright with Nicholas. 

Chaucer's C. T., 1, S425. 

Seeing the ugly monster pasiimg by. 
Upon him set, of peril naught adrad. 

spatser't F. Q. 

The sight whereof liie lady sore adrad. 


Adramino, adj. Churlish. 

Adrawe, V, (1) To draw away ; to 


Awey fro hem he wold adrawtt 

Tf tbat he myght. OcUman, S67. 

(2) To draw forth 

Tlie geant, tho he sey hym come, began ys 
mace adrawe. Rob. Gloue. 

Adreamt. (1) I was adreamt, for 

I dreamed. 

Wilt thou believe me, sweeting? by this 

/wMoirMm^ on thee too. 0. PL, vi, 861. 

I was adreamt last night of Francis tliere. 
City N. Cap, O. Fl, xi, 335. 

I was even now adream'd that you could 
see with either of your eyes, in so much 
as I waked for joy, and I hope to find 
it true. 

Wits, nttes, and Fancies, 1695, p. 94. 

(2) Dosing. Oxfordsh, 

Adrede, v. (A.-S. adradan.) To 


Ganhardin seighe that sight, 
And sore him gan adrede. 

Sir Tristrem. 

Aj)KEivTtpart.p.(J.-S.) Drowned. 

A 1 dame, he saide. ich was asschrcint, 
Ich wcnde thou haddest ben adreint. 

The Sevyn Sages, 1486. 

Adrelwurt. *. The herb federfew. 

Adrenchbn, 9. (from A.^S, adren* 

can.) To drown. Adrente, 

past t Adreint, part, p. 

The see tlie shtri adrenche, 
Ne shal hit us of-thenclie. 

Kyng Horn, 109. 

And ladde hem out of Egypt bi the liverede 

And the kyng adrente and alle hys, that he 

ne com never age. Bob. Gloue. 

Adressid, pari, p. Dressed; 
clothed. Cower, 

ADmsTtpart.p, Dressed; adoned' 


When spreng, adrestin tuttie% 
Calls all tha birds abroad. 

Jenninffs, p. 1S8. 

^^J^^"* yadv. Aside; behind* 


The kinges doughter, which this sigh, 
l<*or pure abasshe drewe her adrigh. 
Sower's Confessio Amantis, ed. 1632, f. 70. 

Adrink, adj. Drunk. 

Adro6h» \past, t. Drew away. 
ADROWB, J Rob. of Gkmo, 

ADRONatTE, part. p. Drowned. 
Kyng Horn, 988. 

AoROp, 8, A species of anrichale, 
mentioned by Jonson in the 
Alchemist^ ii, 1. 

Adrowed, adj. Dried. Devon, 

Adrt, adf. Dry ; thirsty. " Doth a 

roan that is adry, desire to drink 

in gold ?" Burton*s Anatomy of 

Melancholy, p. 329. It is still 

retained in various dialects. 

How pleasant 'tis to drink when a nan's 

Tlie rest is all but dully sipping on. 

Bekn, The City Heiress, 1683. 

Adrvb, V, (from the A.-S. adreo* 

gan.) To bear ; to suffer. 
Adulable, adj. (Lat.) Easy to be 
flattered. Minsheu. 

To dub a knight. 
'* Charlemay ne adoub" 
*'bed many a knvght.*' 
Pahgrave, f. 138. 
Adulterate, ac^. {Lat.) Adulte- 
rous; also false, in a general 

Th' adulterate Hastings, Bivers, Yaughan, 
Grey. Rich. III,ir, 4. 

Aye, that ineestiious,that adnlteraie beast. 

Ahakesp. Ham.t i, 5. 

Adulterine, adj. Adulterous. 
Mir. for Mag., p. 85. 

Adumbration, s. {Lat.) Accord- 
ing to Huloet, the "light de- 
scription of a house side or front, 
where the lyne do answer to the 
compasse and centrye of everyt 
parte." Abcedarium, 1552. 






AouWr 0<2lp. Down. 
Adunation, 9. {Lat,^ Uniorit 
AouNCiTT, 9. (Lat.) Crookedness. 
AouRB, V. {Lat, aduro.) To burn. 

Adust, part, p, (Lat, adtutU9,) 

Burnt; parclred. 

Drye and adttsiy and a gretirastour. 

LydgtU^s Minor Poewu, p. 197* 

Adutante, adj. Astonishing. 

With tlier coppentante 
They loke adutante. 

SkeUoH, )rorly,ii,489. 

Advance, v. To grace; to give 

lustre to. Shake9p,, Tiawn qf 

jithefu, i, 2, 
Advancers, 9. pi. The second 

branchesof abuck'shorn. Howell, 

See Avanten. 
Advantage, v. To give adTantage 

to another. 

Thus Venus first, to help loy«*s pollide, 
Jdvantoff'd him with opportunitie. 
And BOW as lovers wont their times espie, 
This lo%'er can his taske full well ap)ihe. 
And strives to court his mistres cunninelie. 

Tate qf Troy, 1&89. 

Advavnt, 9, (A.'N,) A boast. 
Advavntoub, 9. A boaster. 
Advaylb, 9, (A,'N.) Profit ; ad- 

In any wise to do, 
For lucre or admyte, 
Ageyust thyr kyng to rayle. 


Adventayle, 9, (A.-N,) The open 
and moveable portion of the hel- 
met which covered the mouth, 
for the purpose of respiration. 

Adventurers. I^was common in 
the reign of Queen Elizabeth for 
young volunteers to go out in 
naval enterprises in hopes to 
make their fortunes, by disco- 
veries, conquests, or some other 
means. These ad9enturer9t pro- 
bably \naking amorous conquests 
a part of their scheme, vied with 
each other in the richness and 
elegance of their dresses. Sir 
nrancif Drake, in his expedition 

tgainst Hispaniola, had two fhen 
sand such volunteers in his fleet. 
To this Ben Jonson alludes nndef 
the name of the Island Voyage t 
'* I had as fair a gold jerkin on 
that day, as any worn in the 
Uland voyage^ or at Cadiz." Bpie,f 
i, 4. (iVoret.) 

Adventurers upon bbturk. 
Those travellers who lent money 
before they went, upon conditibn 
of receiving more on their return 
from a hazardous journey. 

ADVERSANT,/Mir^.j7. Contrary tOb 
Mhi9heu*9 Guide into Tonguetf 

Advbrsation, 9. {A»'N.) Oppo- 

Desyringe so a casteH fai to dvell, 
Hym and his men to kepe frome all aitut 

Hardyng'i ChratUU. 

Adverse, v. (A,'N.) To be nn- 

Adverser, f. {A,-N,) An adver- 

Myn aivenert and fslse wjrtnes berars 
agaynste me. Jrelutologiat xziii, 46. 

Adversion, 9, {Lat.) Attention ; 

The soul bestoweth her adiunUm 

On something else. 

8o though the sonl, the time she doCh «#- 

The bodies passions takes herself to die ; 
Yel death now finished, she can well 
Herself to other thoughts. And if the fsft 
Of her adversion were fast fix'd on hign. 
In midst of death 'twere no more fear nor 
Than 'twas nnto Ehas to let flie 
His uselesse mantle to that Hebrewe swain. 
While he rode up to heaven in a bright 
fieiy wain. 

Mare's Fhilosophieol Poeus,^. 394. 

Advertash'd, j9ar/.|i. Advertised* 

Advertation, f. Information. 

Digby Myeterin, p. 106. 
Advertence, f. Attention. GtMN 




Advertise, v. (A^-NJ) To inform 
oneself. This word formerly had 
the accent on the middle syl- 

— — but I do bend my speech 
To one that can my part m him advertise. 
Measure for Measure, i, 1. 

Adtektisbment, 8, (1) Informa- 
(2) Admonition. 

Adtest, 9. {J.-N.) To put a per- 
son in possession. 

Adticb,«. (from J.-N, advii.) Con- 
sideration; reflection. 

Fair sir, yon are well overtaken : 
My lord Bassanio, upon more advice. 
Hath sent you here this ring; and doth < 

Tour company at dinner. 

Merchant of Venice, iv, 3. 

Adtigilate, V, (Lat.) To watch. 
Advise, v. (from A.-N, adviser,) 
To consider. 

Bat, if through inward griefe or wilful! 

Of life, it be ; then better doe advise. 

^tenser's Faerie Queene, IV, viii, 15. 

But when they came again the next 
day and viewed it iikewyse, the kepers 
of the said castell, suspectyng some 
fraude to lurcke in their lo'kyng, de- 
maundedof theim what was their entent. 
and why they vewed and advised so the 
casteL HaU, Henry VII, f. 48. 

Advised, part. p. Acquainted. '* I 
am not advised of it." Used in 
the North, and, according to 
Grose, in Norfolk. Shakespeare 
uses it in the sense of acting with 
sufficient deliberation. 

My liege, I am advised what I say ; 
Neither disturbed with the effect of wine. 
Nor heady-rash, provok'd with raging ire. 
Albeit, my wrongs might make one wiser 
mad. Ckmedy of Errors, v, 1. 

Advisement, s. Resolution ; ob- 
servation; consnltation ; advice. 

' St. Augustine noteth how he saw the 
tooth of a mini, wherof he took good 
euhnsement, and pronounced in the ende, 
that it would have made 100 of his 
owne, or any oilier man's that lyved in 
Ut tyme. Marrison's Descript. of Brit, 

Horn soit qui nuu y pense, quoth he, ' 
Wherewith upon advizement, tliough the 

Were small, his pleasure and his purpose 

T* 'dvaunce that garter and to institute. 
Honor of the Churtet , 1503. 

Advision, 8, (A,»N,) A vision ; a 


Advite, adj. Adult. 

I^jrrste such persones, beyne nowe ad- 
vite, tliat is to saye, passed their chyLJe- 
hode, as we) in maners as in yeres. 

Sir Tho. ElyoVs Governor, p. 86. 

Advocacies, «. pi, {A.-N.) Law- 

Be ye not aware, howe that false Poliphete 
Is now about eftsonis for to plete. 
And bringin on you advocacies new ? 

Troil. and Cres., 1, 1467. 

Advocas, «. {A,-N,) Lawyers; 


As shameful deth as herte can devise. 
Come to thise juges and hir advocas. 

Chaucer, Cant. T., 12,225 

Advocation, 8, {Lat. advocatio.) 
Pleading. In Scotland, advoca- 
tion signifies the same as a writ 
of certiorari in England. 

Alas 1 thrice gentle Cassio, 

My advocation is not now in time. 

Othello, m, 3 

Advocatrioe, 8, A female advo- 
cate. Elyot. 

Advoid. v. To avoid; to leave; 
to quit. 

Advouch, V, To avouch. 

Advoutress, s. An adultress. 

Revealing Sir Thomas Overburies words 
to the countess of Essex, lord Roches- 
ter's advoutress, she was much enraged 
at it, and from that moment resolved on 
revenge. Bib. Topoff., vi, 5. 

Advoutrie, 1 8, (from A.-N. ad- 

AVOUTRiE, V voutriet avoutrie.) 

ADVOWTRY, J Adultery. 

We giffe nojte cure bodyse to lecher ye • 
we So nane advowtrye, ne we do*na 
synne wharefore us sulde node to do 
penaunce. Lincoln MS. 

And so tlie good sely man spake and 
made the pese betweue them both, yea 
and fartlier he gave them a gallon of 
wyne: add^nge to his wires advoutr^ 
the losse ot his wine. 

Tedcs and ^^ie Answers. 




Ihis staff wu made to knock down sin. 

I'll look 
There shall be no advowtry in my ward 
Bat what is honest. 0. Fl., x, 299. 

At home, because duke Humfrey aye re- 
Calliug this match advotUrief as it was. 

Mirror for Mag., p. 843. 

Advows, «• (J.N, advotier,) To 

avow; to plead. 
AdyotdEi v. To avoid. 

And 50 ha, whiche oneht and whose 
doetie was to have advoyded and put from 
me the injuries of all otherpersones. 
HalV$ Unum,Va4A. Hen. JVJ. 27. 

Ad WARD, «. and v. Award ; judg- 
ment; sentence. Spenser, 

Adwatthe, v. To wait for. 
Monati. Letters^ p. 202. 

Kdyia), part, p. Earned. Toume' 
ley AfyaterieSf p. 195. See 

Adyt, *. (from Gr. dBvrov.) The 
innermost part of a temple ; the 
place where the oracles were pro- 

Behold, aiiidst the adyts of onr gods. 
Oreew's Works, i, 114. 

Ae, adj, {J.-S.) One; one of 
several; each. North, 

Engage ANTS, s, (Fr.) A sort of 
ruffs. ** jEngageanta, are double 
ruffles that fall over the wrists." 
Ladg*8 Dictionary, 1694. 

Aer, 8, An ear. East, 

Aeremancy, 8. {Gr.) Divination 
by the air. 

Aerie, ] «. (from J.-S. ag, an 
airie, egg.) The nest of an 
AVERT, ^eagle, hawk, or other 
EYERIE, J bird of prey, but some- 
times also the brood of the young 
in the nest. 

One aerie, with proportion, ne'er dis- 
The eagle and the wren. 

Masnnyer's Maid of Eonour, !, 9. 

I onnd the pheasant tht t the hawk doth 

Seeking for safety bred his ayery there. 

Drayton, The Owl, iv, 1813. 

For as an eyerie fh>m their seeges wood. 
Led o'er the plains and taught to get their 
food. Browne, Brit, Poet, ii, 4. 

On his snowie crest 
The towering falcon whilome built, and 

Strove for that eirie, Ih., i, 1. 

There is a grant, in which the 
*' harts and hinds, wild boars and 
their kinds, and all ariet of 
hawks," are reserved. Hutehtn* 
son's Hi»t, of, b23. And 
a petit seijeantry was held in 
Cumberland, "by keeping the 
king's aeries of goshawks." 
BUmnCs Joe. Ten,, p. 165. 

(2) V, To build its nest. 
And where the phomix airiet. DrayUm. 

iEsTivALL, aeff, (Lat.) Apper* 
taining to summer. Rider's Die- 
tionarie, 1640. 

^STiTATE, V. (Lat,) To remain in 
a place during the summer. 

^STiYE, adj. {Lat.) Of summer. 

i£TiTES. A pebble, sometimes 
called the eagle-stone. The an- 
cients believed that it was found 
in the eagle's nest, and that the 
eggs could not be hatched with- 
out its assistance. According to 
Lupton, it is a charm to be used 
by women in childbirth, and 
brings love between man and wife. 
A sinj^ular account of its virtues 
may be seen in Cooper's edition 
of Elyot's Dictionarie, 1559, Sig. 

Aewaas, adv. Always. North* 

Aey, adv. Yes. Var, diaL 

Afaiten 1 ^' (^•"^- «/«»'<^) 
r^J^U LTo prepare; to in- 
- ™ ' f struct; to tame, to 
^^^^' J subdue. 

It afttiteth the flessh 
I^am foliet ful manye. 

ISmPt, p. 291. 

He hadde a der^n yonge of age, 
Whom he luath in his chamber qffaitedt 


The fonge whelpe whidM is e^ayted. 


Ai tone as lomer oome, to Irloiid he ftsii 
weiide, " 

^or to q/ayty that lond, and to wynne ech 
«nde. Bob. Ghuc., p. 179. 

Afalle, part. p. Fallen. 

Afare, 9. (J.-N.) Aflfairs ; busi- 
ness; ado. 

Afarne, adv. (A.^S.) Afar off. 

Afatembnt, ». (A.'N.) Be- 
haviour; manners. 

Afatle ff. (A.'N,) To faU. 

Afbared, \ 
affeard, )^pari,p.(A.-S.)Ainid. 


For be he lewed man or elles lered, 

He not how Bone that he shal ben t/ered. 

^ ^ , Tke Doctoura TaU. 

Ich am ttfert^ 

Lo whet ich se, 

Me thinketh hit beth develes thre. 

MS. Arund.,8S. 

Afbre, \v. (A,-S. afaran,) To 
AFFBAR, J terrify. 

The flom the loudan nam, E,ichard for to 
qffert. LangtofTs Chron., p. 187. 

▲ud it afereth the fend. 
For iwich is the myghte. 

Fieri PI, p. 896. 
Each trembling leafe and whistling wind 

they heare. 
As ghastly bug. does greatly them affearg. 
Spenser's Faerie Queeue, 11, iii, 20. 

AFBDB,t;.(u^-5'.) To feed. Chaucer, 
Afefe, v. {A.'N,) To feof ; to give 

Afbld, ^adv, (A.'S.) lit the 

AFBLDE,/field; in fight. 

Ant hoa he sloh t^eUie 

Him that is fader aqnelde. Horn, 997. 

Afelle, v. {A,'S,) To fell; to 
cut down. 

That lond destmd and men aqneld, 
And Cristendom thai ban niichel i^eld. 
6y of Warwike, p. 96. 

Afbnoe, V, {A,.S,) To receive; 
to take. 

A lady, whyt as llowr, 
That hyghte la dame d^amore, 
Afeng hym fayr and well. 

Ljfhetuu JHsconus, 1401. 
Afeobmb, ». (A.'N,) To confirm ; 
to make fast. 

Have who so the maistry may, 
4f9ormed faste is thU deray. 

Xyn^ AUtatmdert 7Si6. 



Afer» *. (A.'N.) Ahorse. The 
word is now used generally for 
a common hack, or 
According to Spelman, it was 
current in his time in Northum- 

Aferd, part. p. [A.-N.) In- 

*"»;«, }"*'-(^-*) Afraid. 

Sche that is e^erre lette her flee. 

Bitsan, Atu. Songs, p. 77. 

Afetid, part. p. (A^-N.) Well- 
shaped, or featured, applied to 

Affabrous, adj. (Lat. affdbre.) 

Affadil, #. {A.-N.) A daffodil. 

A form of the word common in 

the 15th and 16th centuries. 
Affaibd, part. p. {4.-N.) Af- 

frighted ; affected. Langtoft. 
kfYK\^%, ». {A.'N.) Burdens. 

kvvMii^i>,part.p.{A.-N.) Feigned. 
Affamish, v. {A.'N.) (1) To fa- 

mish with hunger. Spenser. 

(2) To die of want. 

There is a curious clause in one of the 
Bomish Casuists concerning the keep- 
ing of Lent, viz , that beggars which 
are ready to affamish for want, may in 
Lent time eat what they can get. 

HaU's Triumphs of Rome, p. 128. 

Affabulation, f. The moral of 

a fable. 
Affect, v. {Fr.) To love. 

Who make it tlieir tasks to disparage 
what they affect not. 

Ashmole's Theatr. Chem., p. 461. 

Affect, ^ ». Affection s ; passions ; 
affects, J love. 

For every man with his affects is bom. 
Love's Labours Lost, i, 1. 
Is't possible, 1 should be dead so soon 

In her affects? 

MarstotCs What Tou Will, iii, 1. 
All overcome witli infinite affect 
For his exceeding courtesy. Spemser. 
It shall be so. Grime, gramercie. 
Shut up thy daughter, bridle her «^eets. 
Let me not miss her when I make 

Gnsiu's PtMMT qf Wakefield, 1599L 





&2 4er chief care, as carelesse how to please 
Her own affect^ was care of peoples ease. 
England's Eliza, Mirr. M., p. 853. 

Affectated, part, p. {Lat.) Af- 
fected. " A stile or oration to 
much affectated wyth strange 
words." Baret. 

Affectation, t. {Lat.) A curious 
desire of a thing which nature 
hath not given. Rider, 

Affecteously, adv. Affection- 

Affection, 9. (AV.) (1) To love. 
** But can you affection the 
'oman ?" Merry Wioef of Wind- 
sort i, 1. 

(2) «. Affectatiozi. 

(3) Sympathy. 
Affectionated, part, p, {Lat,) 


Affectioned, part, p. Affected ; 
having affections. 

Affective, adf. Touching ; affect- 
ing; painful. 

Affectuall, adj, {Fr.) Effectual. 

Affectuallt 1 ^^' Passion- 

So that my writinge rather provokithe 
yon to displeasur than it forueriUie nie 
IB any poyut concernyng your favonr, 
wUicbe I most effeetuaily covey te. 

Archaologiot zxv, 89. 

I have sought hym affectuosly, 

Reug. Antiq.t ii, 157. 

Affectuosity, 8, The vehemence 
of passion. 

Affeeblsd, adj. Enfeebled. 

Affeer, v. {j4,-N,) To settle ; to 
assess ; to reduce to a certainty. 
All amerciaments — that is, judge- 
ments of any court of justice, 
upon a presentment or other 
proceeding, that a party shall be 
amerced — are by Magna Charta 
to be affeered by lawful men, 
aworn to be impartial. This was 
the ordinary practice of a Court 

ffartitteii«^lwr*4l/ Fare thee well, lord. 

Macb0th, iv, 8. 

Affeerers, «. Persons who, ia 
courts leet, are appointed upon 
oath, to settle and moderate the 
fines and amerciaments imposed 
upon those who have committed 
faults, or offences, for which no 
precise penalty is provided by 
statute; and they are likewise, 
occasionally, so employed in 
couits baron. 

Affende, v. To offend. 

AFFERAUNT,«.(.^.-iV.) Thehauuch 
of a hart. 

Affere, (I) V, {A,'N, offerer,) To 
(2) 9. Countenance ; demeanour. 

Afferme, v. {A,-N,) To confirm. 

Among the goddes hye it is affermed. 

Chaucer, Can't. T., 2351, 

AwvBSED, part,p. {A,-N,) Fright- 

She for a while was well sore affesed. 
Brownt^s Sh^heard^s Fip^^ ^cl. L 

Affie, 1 
AFFY, [v. {A,'N, affier.) (1) To 
AFYE, I trust; to rely in. 


For to shewe by experience 
That she is Fortune verilie, 
In whom no man ne should affie, 
"Not in her yeftis have fiaunce. 

Somaunt of the Eoee, 5480. 

Bid none affie in friends, for say, his children 
wrought his wracke. 

Warner's Album*s England, 1593. 

Fors afyed in his itreynthe. 

K. Ahsaunder, 7351 

Who that hath trewe amye, 
Joliflich he may hym in her afyghe. 

lb., 4763. 

(2) To betroth in marriage. 

And wedded be thou to the hags of hell. 
For daring to affy a mighty lord 
Unto the daughter of a wurthlesa king. 
Having neither subject, wealth, nor diadem 

2 Henry VI, iv. 1. 

Affinage, 9, {A,'N,) The refining 

of metals. Skinner. 
Affine, (1) t. {Lat, affifUt,) A 


(2) V. (^.-M) To refine. 




Affined, adj. Connected by re- 
lationship or otherwise. 

Now, sir, be judge yourself, 

Wliethcr I in any just term am aMn*d 
To love the Moor. Othelio, i, 1. 

Affire, adv. On fire. Lydgate, 

Affibmably, adv. With cer- 

Afflight, «. Flight. 

Affligit, adj, {A.-N.) Afflicted. 

Affluency, f. {LaL affiuentia.) 


You may justly w<mder at this vast 
affluency of indulgences. 

Brevini's Saul, /•<?., p. 263. 

Affodell, 9. {J,'N,) The daf- 

Afforce, V, {A.-N.) To strengthen ; 
to compel. See Aforce, (the more 
common form.) 

Affore, V, {A.-N.) To make 


Heete and moysture directyth ther pas- 
With greene fervence /'rt/for«yongcoragps. 
Lydgate* s Minor P., p. 344. 

Afforest, v. {A.-N.) To turn 
ground into forest. This term is 
u&ed in the Carta de Forestat 
9 Hen. III. 

Afforme, v. (Lat.) To conform. 

Afforst, adv. Thirsty. See 


Not halffe ynowh therof he hadde. 
Ot't he was afforst. Frere and. Boy. 

iVFFRAYE, V. {A.'N) To frighten. 

And whenne kynge Edwardes hooste 
had knowlege that sere Ferysle Bnisille 
with the Scottesmen were coniynge, 
thei remeved from the sege aiid'uere 
affrayed. Warkworth's Chronicl'*, p. 2. 

But yet I am in grete qffraie. 


His herte was in grete afraye. 

&/r TryamourCy 1382. 

Affray, «• A disturbance. 

Who lyved ever in such dely t a day, 
Tliat him ne meved eytlier'his conscience, 
Or ire, or talent, or som maner afray. 

Chancer, Cant. T., 5656. 

Affrayne, V, (A,'S,) To quel* 
tion ; to ask; to know by asking. 
I affrayned Iiym first 
^ Fram whennes he come. Vitrt PI,, p. 347* 

Affrayor, s, {A.-N,) The actor 
in an affray. 

Every private man being present be- 
fore, or in and during the time of an 
af&ay, ought to stay the affrayor, and to 

{art them, and to put thera in sunder, 
ut may not hurt them, if they resist 
him; neither may he imprison them 
(for that he is but a private man). 

IkUton*s Country Justice, 1629* 

Afframynob, 9. (A,'N,) Profit; 

gain. Prompt. Parv.f p. 176. 
Affraf, v. {A.'N.) To encounter • 

to strike down. 

They bene y-mett, both ready to afftap 


Affrbnd, V, {A.-S.) To make 

friends ; to reconcile. 

And deadly foes so faithfully affrended. 

Affret, 9, {Fr,) An assault; an 


And, passing forth with forions effret, 


Affrican, 9. A name for a species 

of marigold. 

Affriction, 9. Friction. 

Affrightment, 9, A frightning. 

I have heard you say that dreames and 
visions were fabulous; and yet one time 
1 dreamt fowle water ran through the 
lloore, and the next day the house was 
on fire. You us'd to say hobgoblins, 
fairies, and the like, were nothing but 
our owne affrightments, and yet o' my 
trotli, cuz, 1 once dream'd of a young 
batchelour, and was ridd with a night- 
mare. But come, so my conscience be 
cleere, I never care how fowle my . 
dreamei are. The Vow-Breaker, 1636. 

Affrodilb, 9, A daffodil. Ch€9h, 
Affront, {I) v. {A.-N affronter.) 
To confront ; to salute. These are 
the direct meanings of the word ; 
but it is also often used to denote 
encountering, opposing, attack- 
ing, and most generally, to offend 
and insult avowedly and with 
?or we have closely sent for Hamlet hither. 
That he, as 'twere by accident, may here 
Affront Ophelia. Hamlet, iii, 1. 




(2) t. A salutation* 

Only, sir, this I must caution ynm of, in 
your affronty or salute, never to uiove 
your 6reeH*t Tu Quoque. 

This day thou shall have ingots, and to- 

Oive lords th* affront. Jonson, Aleh.f ii, 9. 

(3) adv. In face of. 

AU mortal warres afront the gate. 

Fhaer's rirgU, p. 124. 

4front the towne. Ih., p. 168. 

.... and on the shore e^<mt them tends. 

lb., p. 221. 

AvFRONTEDNESSi «. Great impu- 

Affund, v. {Lai.) To pour upon. 

Affyauncb, 8, {A.-N.) Trust. 

Afgodnbss, «. {A.'S,) Idolatry. 

Afield, adv» Gone to the fields ; 
out in the fields. Northamp- 

Afilb, 1». (A.-N.) (1) To 
affile, J polish. 

For wel wyst he, whan that song was songe, 

He moste precbe, and wel a^le his tuii^re. 

Ckaueer, Cant. T., 714. 

(2) To defile. 

Alas, heo saide, y nere y-spilled I 
for men me cleputh queue eifiled. 

Kyng Jluaunder, 1064. 

Afinde, V. (A,'S,) To discover. 

And tha the Sarsens afounde 
Uer lord was slayn. 

Octovian, i, 1659. 

Afine, adv. The same as Afyn. 

Afingred, adf. A-hungred ; hun* 

gry. See Afurst. 

And after manv maner metes 

His mawe is afyngred. Fiers PI., p. 138. 

A vox gon out of the wode go, 
Jfingret so, that him wes wo. 

ReUq. Jntig.y ii, 873. 

Afit, adv. On foot. North. 

Afivb, adv. Into five pieces. 

That his spere brast afive. 

Gy qfWanriie, p. 896. 

Aflamino, adj. Flaming. 

Aflat, adj. Flat. 

A FLAUNT, adj. Showily dretied. 

A) afiavnt now vaunt it j 
Brave wench, cast away care. 

FrotMi and Ctwandra, i, 2. 

Afled, part. Escaped. '*He 
thought hym well i^led." Sir 
T. More. 

Afliohte,9. {A.'N.) To be uneasy. 

Aflore, adv. On the floor. 

Afo, v. (A.'S:) To take ; to re« 

ceive; to undertake. 
Ac be therof uold o/a. 
For nothing that he might do. 

&y of Wanoike, p. 94. 

Afoat, adj. On foot. Var. dial 
Afoile, v. {A.'N.) To foil ; to cast 

Afondb, v. (A.-S. i^andian.) - To 

prove ; to try. 
And nys non ned wyth foule handlynge 

Other other t^ondetk. W. de Skorekam. 

Afonge, V. {A.'S.) To take; to 

Nou God that ons soule jaf, cos lete hiro 

her so rede, 
That seint Michel ous mote afonge and to* 

fore him lede I 

MiddU-Jge Treatises on Sdmoe^ p. 140. 

Aforce, '\v. (A.'N. afforcer.) 

AFFORCB, J ( 1 ) To force ; to com* 

pel. To ttforce oneself, to labour 

to do a thing. 

And doth hit tume in yerdis leynthe, 

And tforeed hit by streynthe. 

K. JUsaunder, 788. 

And heo aforeede horn the more the hethene 

awey to dryve. Boh. Olone. 

(2) To violate a female. 

He hath me of vilanie bisought ; 

Arth. and Mer.t p. 88 

Me to t^ee is in his thouj 

lEK, V 
IN, J 

(I) adv. (A.-S.) Be- 
fore ; in time past. 

thou hast. 



(2) Gone. Somerset, 
Afore-tuz. Before 

Aforetime, adv. In time past. 
Aforeyene, prep. (^.-S.) Over 

against ; in front of. Somerset, 

The yondir house, that stante aforyene ui. 
Troilus and Cres.y li, 1188. 

Afornande, adv. Beforehand. 

Prompt. Parv. 
Aforne-caste, adj. (A.-S.) Pre- 
By high imqitnaeion ^^bms-culs. • 

Urry't Ckmisa\ 




A'OK&AN, €dv. la store; in re- 
serve ; corrupted from ajorehand. 

Aforse, adv. {A.^N.) By ne- 

Than ffelle it mffbne to JIUle bem Meyne. 
JkfM. qf BUIL II, p. S8. 

Aforthb, adv. (A.'S. (tfor^.) Al- 
ways ; continually. 

And yaf hem mete as he myghte qfortht. 
And metorable hyre. Fien Ft., p. i2tk 

Aforwa&d, adv. In front. 

AroTEi adv. On foot. 

Afoundrit, pari. p. Foundered. 
Chattcer, ed. Urry. 

Afrawl, adv. For all ; in spite 
of. Sy^oik. 

Afrebd, adj. Afraid. Derbyih. 

Afrst, adv. (J.'N.) Placed cross- 
wise, or in fret. 

Tor ronnd environ her cnmnet 
Was full of liehe atonis mfrel. 

Bom. (fBoUj 8204. 

Afkbtib, v. {J.'S.) To de?oar. 

The Asnd on i^tie. 

rol. Songi, p. 340. 

Afretnb, v. (d.'S.) The same as 

Afront» adv. In frt>nt ; abreast. 
Afrorb, adj. Frozen. Somersei. 
Afrountb, V, {d.-N.) To accost; 

to encounter. An older form of 


And with Nede I mette. 
That afromUtd me foule. 

Fiert FL, p. 425. 

Aft, (1)0^9. Oft. 

(2) prep. (A.'S. 4^t.) Behind; 

after. North. **V\\ come aft 

you." SuueSf but not in general 

AwTRK, prep. (d.'S.) Afterwards; 

according to. "After that they 

were," according to their degree. 
AvTBRBURTHEN, 9. The afterbirth. 
Aftbrcastb, t. A throw at dice 

after the game is ended; some- 

ItuBf done too late. 

Afterclap, t. Anything nnei« 
pected happening after a disa- 
greeable affair hM been thought 
at an end. 

For the assanlts of the doTil be crallfe 
to make us put om* tnut in sndi armour, 
hee wlU feine himaelfe to flie : but then 
we be roost in jeopardie. For he can 

S've na an i^tercktpyrhtn we kast weene, 
lat is, suddenly returne unawares to 
na, and then he giveth us an afterdap 
that overthroweth us, this armour de- 
ceyveth ns. Latimer'$ SfrmoH9. 

Aftbrdeale VC^-'S-) I?co»- 
AFTORDEALE, Ue„ie„ce ; disad. 
afterdelb. r J. 

f J vantage. 

The kynge and the duke were before 
put to ^eat afterdeale; by reason of 
reformatioun of that ille they gat daiW 
upon their enemyea. FabuMf ii, 14o. 
Thus the battle was great, and often- 
timea that one party waa at a foredele, 
and anon at an e^UrdeU, which endured 
Malory, H. ofK. Arthur, 8cc., b. i, p. 169. 

After-ete, v. To keep a person 

in Tiew ; to follow him. 

Thou shottld'st hare made him 
As little aa a crow, or less, ere left 
To a^ter-ey9 htm. Cymhelinet x, 4. 

Afterfebd, t. The grass after the 
first crop has been mown, which 
is fed off, not left for an tfier^ 
math. Oxford. 

After-game, «. The " after-game 

at Irish'' is mentioned in the 

Devf/'a Law-Case, 1623. It is 

described in the Cvmpleat Game* 

eter, 1709. 

What cursed accident waa this? what 
mischievous stars have the managing of 
my fortune? Here's a turn with all my 
heart like an ttfier-gnme at Irish. 

Bikerege, domical £ffp«>i^«,1669. 

After-kindred, a. Remote kin- 
dred. Chaucer. 

After-love, a. A second or later 
love. See the Tito Gentlemen 
of h'erona, iii, 1, and Richard //, 
V, 3. 

Aftermath, a. A second crop of 
grass. Var. dial. 

AnvR-PARTs«The behind. Pron^i. 


AmE-«AiL8, «. The sails that 
belong to the main and mizen 
masts, and keep the ship to the 

AvTE&iNOs, 9. The last milk taken 
from a cow. This word is used 
in the Midland Counties. " Dunna 
mix the mfteringt wi' tother milk." 
— Do not mix the last drawn milk 
with the other milk. 

Afte&leys, «. Aftermaths. Berhi, 

AprEB-i.jNOB, adv. Long after- 

And aJUr-Umge he lyred wiihonten stryfe. 

BeUq. Jntiq^ i/47. 

Aftbrwa&ds. " I most leave that 
for old irfierwardg" t. e,, I must 
do it at some future time. 

AftkR'Yernx, «. {J,'S.) To long 

Apt-m^al, «. A late meal. 

At ^-mealet who shall paye for the wine? 
TkyHiWs Lfkaie, p. 49. 

AruBB, adv. On fire. Rob. Glove. 

Afukst, adv. Thirsty. The two 
forms a-fyngred and a-Jurst, ap- 
pear to be characteristic of the 
dialect of the counties in the West 
of England, and occur often in 
Piert Pioughnuaif and in manu- 
scripts probably written in that 
part of the country. ^Affwr%t 
corrupte pro athirtt, sitiens, siti- 
culosus." MS. Glouc. GUta. 

Afurt, adj. Sullen. Somenet. 

Afwobb, firep. Before. For. 

Aftohte, v. (J.'S. qfeohtan.) To 
tame ; reduce to subjection. 

AvrN, Iv. (A .'N. a fin.) In fine; 
AFYKB, J in the end ; at last 

Mete and drynk they hadde tfyit, 
Pjemeut, cliir6, and Beynysch wyn. 

Launfal, 84S. 

Ao,v. To cut with a stroke. North. 
Aoaam, adv. Against; again. North. 
AoADRED, part, p. Gathered. 

AoAB, «• The agne. Abr/A. 

3b AGA 

^AGEY^ W.(^.-^.)Agauiif 
1- f near to; towards. 


And preyeth hir for to ride agdu the 

The honour of his regne to eiuteene. 

Ckaucer, Cant, T., 4812. 
TQ it were a^«yw eryn. 

Songs and Carols^ x. 

(2) adv. Used expleti?ely. 

Thii dtie lieth between the rivera Don 
and Dee, wherein ii the greateat store 
of salmons, that is to be found again 
within the oompaase of Albion. 

Deter. qfSeotLy HoUnthed, p. 7. 
They have, in this country, suche plenty 
of foules bothe wilde and tame as the 
Ivke nnmber n^u^tf is not to be fovnd in 
firitaine. Jh., p. 14. 

AoAiNBYE, 1 o. (J.'S.) To re- 


AoAYNBYER, t. A redeemer. 
**Jffaynijfer or a raunsomere, re- 
demptor." it/& /farA, 221, fol. 3. 

Agbyn - BYiNOB, t. Redemption. 
Proust. Parv. 

Agaynb-€0mmynob, t. Return. 

AoAiN-BisiNO, 9. The resurrettion. 

Agaynsay, 1 «. (A.'S.) Con- 

AGAYNSAYYNO, J tradictiou. 
Sure it is that he tooke lande peaceably 
wytfaoat way agaytuav or intemipcion. 

HalP$ UnUniy 1548. 

AoAiNSTANDE, V. (J.'S. ageniton" 

dan.) To resist ; to oppose. 

Lorde, thou byddist snfferen both 
wron^ and strokes withoaten agein^ 
ttondtnge. .. ¥m suffering norissheth love 
and agdnstonaeth debate. 
Frayer tjj the PlowpuMt Harl. Mite., vi, 97 
For cause he eame not forth with all his 

The tyrant fell to agayntta$td as he bight. 
Barigng*s ChrM., foL 46. 
With easteUes strong and towres for the 


At eche myles cade toagaymtoMieaillt the 

foonys. lb., fol. 53. 

Ao, 1 adv. (A.'S.) On 

AYBNWA&DB, V the Contrary, on 

ageynwabdb, J the other hand. 

But agaynetoarde the wretcheth dis- 
posyeion of the body distourbeth the 
soule. Treviea, lib. ii, cap. iii, M. 61. 

And ayetMarde, yf they bey unevyn in 

Sroporcyon, and infecte, theune hcc 
redyth evyl and syknesse. 

Burtitii, ii Tr^fitM, lib. ir, p.i|» 




A«AiTA|iD8, €dv, (A.'S,) *' To gang 

agaitwards^ to accompany. A 

Yorkshire word. 
Againth, prep. Against. North, 
Agame, adv. In game. Chaucer, 
Agan, part, p. Gone. 
Agape, adv. On the gape. Milton. 
Agar, «. A sea monster ; perhaps 

a personification of the Higre, or 

bore of the tide. 

Hee [Neptune] sendeth a monster called 
the agar, against whose coming the 
waters roare, the fowles flie awav, and 
the cattel in the field for terronrsnonne 
iim bankes. UUfs GaUathea, act i, s. 1. 

AoAB. An exclamation. Devon. 

AoABB. An exclamation, equiva- 
lent to — be on your guard, or, 
look out. 

With you again, Beangard. Jgar€t ho ! 
Otway, Th» Atheitt, 1684. 

AoAEiOK, t. (Lat.) The fungus on 
the larch. Gerard. Minsheu 
calls it ** a white and soft mush- 
room.'' It is also given as the 
name of an Assyrian herb. 

Agakifibd, a^f. Having the ague. 

Agas-dat. St. Agatha's Day. 

AoASED, "Xpart. p. Astonished; 

AGAZED, J aghast. 

The French exchum'd, "the devil was in 

All the whole army stood offoi^d on him. 

IHetuy ritUl. 

The were so sore agated. 

Chester FUxge, % 86. 

Agast, part, p. Terrified. Still 

used in the North. 

For which so sore agaet was Emelie, 
That she was wel neieh road, and gan to 
crie. The Snigktee Tale, 2343. 

AoASTE, V. To frighten. S^tetuer, 

Agate, adv, {A.-S,) Agoing, ado- 


I pray you, memory, set him agate again. 

0. P., T, 180. 

To get agate, to make a be- 
ginning of any work or thing ; to 
be agate, to be on the road, ap- 
preaching towards the end. 
(2) 9, A very diminutive person. 

Said to be a metaphor from the 
small figures cut in agate for 

Agate-wards, adv. To go agate- 
wards with any one, to accompany 
him part of his way home, which 
was formerly the last ofiice of 
hospitality towards a guest, fre- 
quently necessary even now for 
guidance and protection in some 
parts of the country. In Lincoln- 
shire it is pronounced agatehouee, 
and in the North generally ago* 

Agathrid, part, p. Gathered. 

Age, 9, {J,'S, tfee.) Ake ; pain. 

Thei feelen m yche age and grevannce. 
Medical MS. 15M cent. 

Age, V, (J,'N.) To grow old. 

*' My daam a^«9 fast,*' i. e^ she looks 
older in a short vpact of time. It is 
sometimes used in Yorkshire in the 
sense of affecting with concern and 
amazement, because those passions, 
when violent and long indul{^, are 
supposed to bring on gray hairs and 
premature old age. The verb agyn oc- 
curs in Prompt. Farv., p. 8, and Pals- 
grave has, " I (^e or wexe olde.** 

Age, adv. (from J,'S* agen.) 
I Against, towards. 

As the kyng Guourguont from Denemarke 

wende age 
Hider toward Engolond. Bob. Olouc., p. 89. 

So gret tempest ther com Uiat drof hem 

here and tnere. 
So that the meste del adreynt were in the 

And to other londes some y drive, and ne 

come ner age. i6., p. 96. 

Agee, adv. Awry; obliquely; askew. 
North. It is sometimes used for 
** wrong," and occasionally a cor- 
ruption of " ajar," as applied to a 

Agesan, prep. Against; again. 

Ageins, prep. Towards. 

AoEYNU8,pr^. Against. 

Also hyt were a^^jfmu good reson. 
To take hys hure. as liys felows don. 

Conittt. of Masonry 1 167. 

I AoELA8TiCK,a4r.(6'r.dycXuffri«oc<| 




Sad; sullen. Minsheu, Guide 

into Tongues, 1627. 
Agelt, (1) v. {from A.'S.agUdan,) 

Forfeited; repaid. 

(2) Offends. For agiU, 
AoBN, adv, {A.'S.) A^ain ; against ; 


Shal have a sonper at ^our aller cost, 
Here in this place, sitting by this post. 
Whan that ye comen t^e» from Canterbarv. 
Chtmeer, Ctmt, TaUt, 808. 

Agbnvrik, t. {A,'S. mger^rige.) 
The true lord or owner of any 
thing. Skitmer, 

Agenhinb, 8. {J,'S.) A guest at 
a house, who, after three nights' 
stay, was reckoned one of the 
family. CowelL 

Agbk-risino, ff. {A.^S.) The resur- 
rection. ** This is the firste ojefi- 
risyng, blesstd, and hooli is he 
that hath part in the firste a^en- 
risyngr Wychliffe'e New Teeta^ 
fment^ Apoe.^ xz. 

AoBRDows, adf. (A,'N,) Eager; 
keen ; severe. SkeltoH, 

Agest, tuij. Greatly alarmed. Some- 
times used to express such great 
terror, as if a ghost had appeared. 
Used in Exmoor, and according 
to Grose, in the North. 

Agbthb, pres. i, Goeth. 

Ago, (1) V. (A,'S, eggian.) To 
incite; to provoke. Exmoor, 
Agging, murmuring, raising a 
quarrel. Devon, 

(2) t. A grudge ; a spite. iVor- 

(3) V, To hack ; to cut clumsily. 

AoGEKERATiON, 9. {Lai>) A grow- 
ing together. 

AoGERATB, t. {Lat) To heap up. 

Agobsted, «. (Lat.) Heaped up. 

Aggie, v, (A.^S,) To dispute ; to 

AcM}LATBD. Adorned with aglets. 
Hail, Henry VIII, f. 162. 

Aggle, 9. To cut uneven. North* 

Agoracb, (1) tr. (A.'N.) To fevour. 

And, that which all faireworkes doth most 
aggraci. Spenser. 

(2) «. Favour. 

Of kindnesse and of ooorteoos aggraee. 


Aograte, V. (1) {A.'N.) To please 
or gratify. 

From whom whatever thing is goodly 

Doth borrow grace, the fukcjr to aggrmte. 
SpeHs.t Tears qf Muses. 

(2) To irritate. F«r. diaL 
Agorede, 9. To aggravate. Collet. 
Agorbevancb, 1 «. {A.'N.) A 

AGOREVAUN8, J grievance; injury. 
Aggreob, 1 V. {A.'N. agreger.) 

AGRBG«B, V To augment ; to ag- 

aggreyob,J gravate. 

And some tonges venemons of nature. 
Whan they perceyve that a prince ismeved. 
To t^reg hys yre do tlieir busy cure. 

Bochas, b. iii, c. 20. 

Aoorestetne, t. {A.'N.) A sick- 
ness incident to hawks. 
AoGROUP, e. To group. Drgden. 
Agguisb, 1(1) 9. (from guiee.) 
AOUI8E, J Dress. 

The fflory of the oonrt, their fashions 
And orave agguiee, with all their princeW 
state. Mor^s Philos. Foems, p. 7. 

(2) V. To dress; to put on. 

Aghe, pree. t. Ought. 
AoHEN, adj. {A.'S.) Own. 
AGHByooLB, t. An old Lancashire 

measure,containing eight pounds. 

See Aighendate. 

Did covenant with the said Anne, that 
if she would hurt neither of them, she 
should yearely have one aqhendole of 
meale. Fotts Dueov. qf Jf^Uches, 1 613. 

Aghful, laeff. {A.'S.) Fearful; 

AGHLicH, J dreadful. 
Aght, (1) pree. t. (from the A.»& 
agan.) Owes ; ought. 

(2) pr€9. t. Possesses. 

(3) t. Possessions ; property. 


AOfi 80 

(4) t Anything. 

Whan a^ht was do afeiu liys wyllc, 
He cnrMd Goddys name wytli ylle. 

MS. Earl, 1701, f. 88. 

(5) adj. (^.-S.) Eight. 

(6) «. The eighth. 

AoHTAND, tulf. The cfighth* 

Aghtelb, V, {J.-'S.) To intend. 

The knight said. May I traisi in the 

For to t«l my f rerete 

Thai I have agkteld Tor to do. 

Snyn Saget {Wa«r\ 8068. 

AoHTENB, a^f* Eight. 

AoiLiTE, a^* Agile. 

If it be, as I have sayd, moderately 
taken after some weigbtie bviaesie, to 
make one more fresiie and agilite to 
prosecute his fgook and asdly affaires, 
and lawful! bosinessc, 1 saye to yon 
againe, be maye lawfmUye doe it. 
WorMro9k^» TretU. •gmntt, JHcinfft p. 68. 

He ngiUe her nere in otbir case, 
8o here all wMly bis trespasse. 

Itom. of the Bote, 6833. 

Thar were fU gUd to excuse hem ftil 

or thing, that thay never offilie in her lyve. 
ChMtcer, Cant. T., 5974. 

AgiNi (1) eonf. As if. Yorkah, 

(2) prep. Against. £kt/. 

(3) adv. Again. / «r. dktL 

AoiNATE, V. (from Low Lai. agu 
mart.) To retail small wares. 
Rider^s Dictionaries 1640. 

Aginatoub., 9. A hawker of small 
wares. This word is given by 
Skinner, who says he had met 
with it but once. It occurs in 
Cockeram's EngHah Dictionarie, 

Agifb, #• A coat foil of plaits. 

Agist, «. (from Medieval Lot, agit' 
tare, supposed to be from Fr, 
gewr.) To take in cattle to de- 
pasture in a forest, or elsewhere, 
at a stipulated price ; to put in 
cattle to feed ; also called, in the 
North, /tnn^, gitting, otjoUting 


cattle. Cattle so taken in are 

called giiementM, According to 

Coweli, it is a law term, signifying 

to take in and feed the cattle of 

strangers in the king's forest, and 

to gather the money due for the 

same for the king's use. 

koiwrnxan, ». ( 1 ) The feeding of 

cattle in a common pasture, fcNr 

a stipulated price. 

For, it is to be noted, that mgiatmeni iv 
in two sortes, that is to sa j, Uae agut' 
inent of the herbage cS woods, landes 
and pastures, and also the agultwunt of 
the woods, whidi is the mast of the 
woods, whidi by a more proper worde, 
fer difference, is called the pawnage. 

ManmxHft Poreat Xmk^ 16981 

(2) An embankment; earth 

heaped up. 
Agistor, m. An intendant of the 

royal forests. 
Agitable, a^. Easily agitated. 
Agleeob, v. (J.'SJ) To glide 


When the body ded rvse, s grymiy co« 
Mffieed. Lydgat^i Minor P., p. IM 

Agler, «. (J.'N.) A needle-case. 

Aglet, 1 «. (J.-N.) The tag of 

aigulet, J a lace, or of the points 

formerly used in dress; a spangle ; 

a little plate of metal. Aglet, ** a 

jewel in one's cap.'' Barefa 


'Which all above besprinkeled was throu^^. 

With golden aygulett that glistered btight. 
Like twinkling stars. Spenaer, F. Q., iC iii. 
All in a woodman's jacket lie was clad 
Of Lincolne greeue, belay^ with silver 

And OB his bead a hood with Mlets sprad. 

W., Vl, ii. 

Aglet-babt, t. A diminutiye being, 
not exceeding in size the tag of a 
pmnt. Shaketp. 
Aglets. The catkins of the hazeL 

A6L0TYB,e. (from J.-N.gUmtoifer.) 
To glut ; to satisfy. 

To maken with napelotes 
To aglotye with here Kurles 
That greden aftur fooe. 

i>kr» Pi; ^6SlL 



kahVYTYDi part, p* Choked. Book 
of Si, Albans, 

AoNATLES, 1«. A hang-nml. 
ANGNATLES, J TMs word is, pro- 
bably, the same as an^fnaiia (pro- 
Rovnced in Yorkshire iiafi^^)t 
which Qrose gives as a provincial 
word used in Cumberland, to 
a^ify corns on the toes. Pals- 
grave has *<agnayle upon one's 
too." "An agnailef or corne grow- 
ing upon the toes." Eider*9 Dte- 
tionarie, 1640. Minsheu explains 
it as the "sore betweene the 
finger and the naile." It is used in 
some places to denote pieces of 
akin, above, or hmiging over, the 
naiiif which are often painful and 
troublesome. These in Stafford- 
shire are called baek-Jriendt ; 
and in Yorkshire, ttep-moiher^t 

It is good, dronken in wyne, agtibit 
•corpiones, and for «(^«M«|rZ«f . 

Tumei'M EerhaL 

With the shell of a pomegarned, they 
purge axvav tuigneiylles, and such hm'd 
•w^ingC8/&c T«um€t'9 BerbaL 

Agnation, a. {Lat. agnatio.) Kin- 
dred by the father's side. Minah. 

Agnition, 9. {Lat, agnitio.) An 
acknowledgment. Miege. 

AoMizB, V. To acknowledge ; to 
confess ; to know. 

4GN0MINATE, V, (Lat,) To usmc 
from any meritorious action. Ag- 
nomination, according to Min- 
sheu, is a ''surname that one 
obuineth for any act, also the 
name of an house that a man 
commeth of." 

Ago, 1 ff. {J.'S,) To go; to 

AGON, > pass away. The part, p. 

AGONNE, J is still used in some 

parts of the country; a while 

Mgone^ some time ago. 

Be the lef, otlier be the loth. 
This worldes wele al iigoth. 

Relig. Jntiq.t i, 160. 

Al tkilk trespaB is ago. 

Pol. Song*, p. 197. 

And I tolde them he was a#o. 

Cffeke UreUei Botit p. 1« 

Tyll the thyrd dey be agone. 
' MS. (stlith eaii* 

Uppon that other lyde PaIamon» 
^faun he wisle that Arcite was €igop». 
Such sorwe maketh. « ,««- 

aumeer, CmU. T., 1877. 

A-GOD'CHEELD. God shield you I 

Agonious, <m&*. Full of agony. 
Agonist, ». ((7r.) A champion ; a 

prize-fighter. Rider. 
Agonize, v. To fight in the ring. 

kooOfpart.p, Gone; ago 5 since. 

Dorset, and Somerset, 
Agood, adv. In good earnest; 

AORADs, V. {A'N,) To be pleased 

Agramb, "I 9. {A,^S,) To dis- 
AOREMB, V please; to vex; to 
AO&OMByJ anger. 

And if a man be Msely tuned. 
And wol ymnke purgacyonn. 
Than wol the oflicers be agrtmei. 

PUnomoM'9 Tale, 1. 8381 

I^beauns w«s sore aschamed. 
And yn hys herte agmmeds^ 
For he hadde y-lore hys swords. 

Lgbeau* JiueoHfU, 1916. 

AGBA8TB,pr«/. /. Agraced; showed 
grace and favour. Spenser. 

Agrauntb, V, {A.'N, agreaunter,) 
To please; to satisfy. 

Agraydb, v. {A,'N,) To arrange ; 
to decorate. 

Thya halle agnfie, and hele the walls 
With clodes and wyth rychepalles. 

LanHfaJt, 90i. 

Agb£, adv. (A.'N, a grl) In good 
part; kindly. 

Whom 1 ne fonnde fW)ward,ne fell. 
But toke Mfti all whole my plaie. 

Rom. <(f the Bote, 4M9. 

Agbb, 9. To please. 

If harms ogre me, wherto plaine I thenne. 
Trcilut and Creseide, i, 410. 

AGREABiLiriyt. Easinessof temper; 




AoKBAOB, V. Toalle^. 

yioBKAT, adv. Altogether. To 
take a work agreatt to take it 
altogether at a price. 

AoRBBABLE, adj. Willing to agree. 
"I am qaite agreeable to any- 
thing you likes best." A com- 
mon provincialism, though given 
bj Forbj as peculiar to East 
' Anglia. 

AoREBABLT, adv. Uniform ; per- 
fectly alike. Spenser speaks of 
two knights "armed both agree^ 

AoBEEANCK,«. (^.-iV^) Accommo- 
dation; accordance; reconcilia- 
tion; agreement. 

AoBEF, 1 adv, (^.-iV.) In grief. 
AORBVB, I To take agref is a 
common phrase in the old 

And, oece Aine, ne taka it nat mgrrf*, 
Troiltu amd Creteiie, iii, 864. 

AoBBMBD. See Jgrame. 

AoBBSSB, V, (from Lat.) To ap- 

Agbbstical, at^, i^^-) RuraL 
Rider'e Diciionarie, 1640. 

AoRET, adv. {A.'S.) In sorrow. 

AoRBTHB, V. (ji.'S,) To dress ; to 

AoBBTB, V. {A.'N, agrever.) To 
grieve a person ; to vex ; to in- 

And now fally porposide withowie oe- 
eaajon of greyff to be pLayntyffe agaynste 
me, whom I never agrevyie in no case. 
Monastic Letters^ p. 188. 

Synne offeudyth God in his face, 
ijid agrnjftk onre Lorde ffulle ylle. 

Ludus Caventriat p. 41. 

AoBioT, t. (fV*.) A tart cherry. 




Tet not the oolonr of the troubled deep, 

Those spots supposed, nor the fo^ that rise i 

from the dull earth, me any whit aarite. J 



1 V. {J.'S. agrisan.) 
' V be terrified ; to dr 
' J to terrify ; to disfij 

To hide the terronr of her uncouth hew, 
Ttita mortal eyes that shouM be soft 
agrued. Spenser^ F. Q., YIl, vii. 

Snche rulers mowen of (}od rngtite* 

The Plomuui*9 Tale, L 3S0Q. 

Who so take ordirs othirwise 
I trowe, that they shall sore a^rise, 


Theeode knyght up arot. 
Of Efornes wwdes him i^ros. 

Kyng Horn, I. ISSflL 

And in his herte he sodainly agroie^ 
And pale he wexte, &c. 

Legende qfThit^t 1> 1^* 

AoBOMED. Angered. ^eeAgrame. 

AoBOPB, V, To grope ; to search 

AoROS. See Agrite. 

AttRosE, «. {Lat.) A person who 
has much land. Caekeram*t Bag^ 
Ueh Dietianarie, 1639. 

AoROTEN, V. (A,'S.) To cloy ; to 
surfeit with meat or drink. This 
word is given in Rider'e Diction^ 
ariet 1640. It is generally ap- 
plied to surfeits. 

Cku^;ei agroteUd enbossed their entroyle. 

Boehas, b. ▼, c. 20. 

AoROUNDi adv. To the ground. 

And how she fel flat downe before his feete 
aground. BoM«iu'atulJulutflM2, 

AoRUDOE, V. {A.'N.) To be 

grieved at. 
AoRUMy «. A disease of hawks. 
Aortic, s. Arithmetic. See At 

XQVKf{l)adv. Awry; obliquely; 

askew. North. 

(2) «. (A.'N. from aigu^ sharp.) 

Swelling and inflammation from 

taking cold. Eaei. 
Agued, part, jp. Chilly; cold; 


AU hurt behind, baclcs red, and faces pais 
With fright and agued fear. 

Coriokmm, i, 5. 

AouE-oiNTMBNT, 9. An ungucut 
made of the leaves of elder, held 
in Norfolk to be of sovereign ef- 
ficacy in curing agues in the face. 

AouB-PROor, o^*. Proof agaiml 

AGU 41 

Qo to, tbey are not men of their trcrds } 
they told me I wu everything; 'tis a 
He, I am hot agut-proqf. 

King Lear, Ir, 6. 

A6UE-TR««, 9, The sassafras. 

AouEKRT, 17. (Fr.) To discipline and 

make warlike. 
AouiLBR, t. (^.-A". egwUier,) A 


A Bilvir nedil forth I drowe, 
Out of o^ttiltfrqueint i-nowe, 
And gan this nedill threde anone. 

Rom. qf ik« Bote,^. 

AouiSB. See Aggviw. 

AouLTB, V, To be guilty ; to offend. 
The form of the word which oc- 
curs in Piers Ploughman, Robert 
of Gloucester, and other early 
writers. See Agilte, 

AowAiN. Going. Jgwon, gone. 

' SomeneL 

Agye, (1) ».. To guide ; to govern. 
See Gie, 
(2) adv. Aside ; askew. North, 

AoTNNB, V, {J,'S,) To begin. 

Thon wendest that ich wrohte 
That y ner ne thohte, 
By Rymenild forte lygge, 
Y-wyg ich hit witlisugge, 
Ne shal ich ner agynne 
Er ich Sudenne wynne. 

Kyng Hom^yi^S. 

Ah. (1) I. Yorhsh, 
(2) Yes. Derhygh, 

A'UASQ, part, p. Hanged; been 
hanged. Rob, Glouc, 

Ah but. Equivalent to nay but, 
frequently used in the country. 
It appears to be generally a 
sneering dissent to an assertion 
of an uncomplimentary character. 

And ase he henge, levedy, four oos, 
Akeye oppon the LiiJle, 

Lscheld ous wane we deade ben. 
That we ne hougy in helle. 

W. de Shonkam, 

And owt of the lond no myghte schyp go, 

Bote bytweone roches two, 

lo tihygh so any mon myghte seone. 

Kyng AamHnder,^9&^. 


A-HBiouT, aIv* On high. Shaketp* 
Ahbnt, a<fo. Behind. Midland 

Ahint, adv. Behind. North, 

Ahindf Leiceit, 
Ahoh, adv. {J,'S, awoh.) All on 

one side. Northamptonsh, 
A-HOiOHT, adv. Elevated j in good 

A-HOLD, adv. To lay a ship a-hold^ 

to stay her or place her so that 

she may hold or keep to the wind. 
AHOB.SB,a^9. On horseback. North, 
Ahtb, (1) 9, Possessions ; property. 

Ah 1 feyre thinges. freoly bore! 
Wlien me on woweth, beth war bifore 
Wlinch is worldes ahte. 

Lyric Poetry, p. 46. 

(2) pret. t. Ought. 

(3) Eight. 

And sethe he reignede her 
JMe ant tuenti folle yer. 

Chronicle of England, 416. 

Ahuh, adv. Awry; aslant. Var. 

A-HUNGRT. Hungry. Shake^. 

AH3B, 8, {J.'S. age.) Fear. 

Ai, adv, (v^.-5.) Always ; ever. 

Aid, 8, In Staflbrdshire, a vein of 
ore going downwards out of the 
perpendicular line; in Shrop- 
shire, a deep gutter cut across 
ploughed land, as well as a reach 
in the river, are so called. 

AiDBR, 9, A helper. 

What men should scale the walles of the 
cytie of Worcestre, and who should 
kepe the passages for lettyng of res- 
kewes and aiders, 

HaH, Henry FJI, f. 4. 

AiDLB,tr. To addle; to earn. North. 
AiE, *. {j4,'S.) An egg. 

And for the tithing of a dncke. 
Or of an apple, or an aie. 

Urry*» Chaucer, p. loS. 

AiEL, f. {J,'N,) A forefather. 

To gyve from yonre heires 
That youre aiels vow lefte. 

FiertPloughman, pwSli 

A1B8B, 9. Sase ; pleasure ; recr«k>, 


Aw, (1) #. (^..&) A haw. Lme. 
(2) 9. (^..AT.) Sourness. North. 

AiGHBNDALB. A measure in Lan- 
CMhire containing seven quarts. 
i^tA. See Aghendole, 

AiOHSi f. An axe. Lane, 

AiQHT.preL Ought; owed. YorHh. 

Ai6HTEDBN,a4f.(^..S.) Theeighth. 

AiGLB, #. A spangle ; the gold or 
silver tinsel ornamenting the 
dress of a showman or rope- 
dancer. ShroptJL SeeJfflei. 
(2) t. An icicle. Midi. Cotrntiet. 

AiORE, adj. (^.-iV.) Sour; acid. 
Yorkth, See Egre. 

AiGRBBN, 9. The house-leek. Ker- 

AiGULET, 8. The clasp of a huckle. 
" Jiguelet to fasten a clasp in." 
Palgffrave. See Aglei. 

AiK, a. An oak. North. 

AiKBB, a. Glory. Comw. 

Ail, v. (J.^S. aidHan.) To be in- 
disposed. Far. dial 
(2) a. An indisposition. 

AiLB, (1) 9. A writ that lieth 
where the grandfather, or great- 
grandfather was seised in his 
demaines as of fee, of any land 
or tenement in fee simple, the 
day that he died, and a stranger 
abateth or entreth the same day 
anddispossesseththe heir. CoweU. 
(2) 8. {A.-N,) A wing, or part 
of a building flanking another. 

AiLBTTEs, 8. {A..N.) Small plates 
of steel placed on the shoulders 
in ancient armour, introduced 
under Edward I. 

Ails, *. {A^S.) Beards of com. 
E98ex. " The eilt!9 or beard upon 
the eare of come." HoUyhand. 

Aim, v. (A.^N.) (1) To intend; to 
conjecture. YorJInh. Shake- 
speare has it as a substantive in 
the same sense in the Two Gent, 
of Verona, iii, 1. 

Afx :« ^ — likcCaMiiis, 

BiU sadly daitipine, aiming Csesar's death. 
9reeH0^9 Orlando Jf'urioio, 1594. 




To aim at. 
, , ;*To give aim,'* to stand 
within a convenient distance from 
the butts, for the purpose of in- 
forming the archers how near 
their arrows fell to the mark. 
Metaphorically, to direct. 

(4) " To cry aim." in archery, to 
encourage the archers by crying 
out aim, when they were about 
to shoot. Hence, to applaud, 
to encourage, in a general sense. 

(5) To attempt. Yoriish. 
AiM-CRiBK, 9. A stander-by, who 

encouraged the archers by ex- 
clamations. Hence used for an 
abettor or encourager. 

While her own creatures, like aim-eriers, 
beheld her mischance with nothing but 
lip-pity. JBnfflitk Arcadia. 

AiN, (1) adj. {A.-S.) Own. North, 

then bespy'd her atn dear lord. 
As be cam owre the see, &c. 

Fercif*$ Beliques, 

(2) 9. pi (A.-S.) Eyes. 
AivcK, adv. Once. North. 
AiNOGB, adv. Anew. Mob. Gloue. 
AiNT, V. To anoint. Figuratively, 

to beat. Suffolk. 
' AiK, (1) adv. {A.'S.) Early. 

1 flrrieT'd you never in all my life^ 
Neither by late or air. 

BoHh Eooi. 

(2) 9. (A.~N.) An heir. 

Tho^ the Sarazyns smyte of myn hed. 
He ys myn wr after my ded. 

^iS*. AshmoUt xxxiii, f. 4A. 

The right tnre of tlint oimtr< 
£s cumen, with alle his knightes fre. 
Minoft Poems, p. 14. 

(3) Appearance. 

AiR-DBw, 9. An old name for 

AiR-DRAWN, adj. Drawn in the 
air; a creature of the imagina- 

This is the very painting of your fear; 
This is the air-dravm dagger, which said 
Led you to Duncan. Macbeth, iii, 4. 

AiRB. 9. An aerie of hawks. Se« 




AnuEN, t. pi (^.-5.) Bggt. 

AiiLLiSi 9, {A,N,s earles in CraTen ; 
yetartet in Westmoreland ; and in 
Scotland, airte-pennp.) Money 
advanced, or given, to confirm a 
bargain. See Jrle». 

AiRLiNO, adj. A light airy person ; 

a coxcomb. 

Some mare there be, alight mrlingst will be 

With dogs and horses. 

AiRMS, 9.pL Arms. A Yorkshire 


Hnr neeaked airmi teea she liVd te show, 
E'en when t' cawd bitter wind did blaw. 
The Torkshir* Dialect, 1889, p. 13. 

AiKN, (1) «. Iron. Mttundevile*9 


(2)v. To earn. WiUs. 

(3) Either of them (e'er a one). 

AiRSTONBs, «. pL Stones fallen 

from the air ; meteoric stones. 

They talk of divers prodigies, as well in 
these parts as in HoUan^ but speciaUy 
mrsUmesi the bell in his house doth 
often ring out two or three hours to- 
gether when nobody is near it, and 
when it is expressly watched; and the 
innttes and bant of ms windows are con- 
tinually hammered and battered, as if 
there were a smith's forge, which hatti 
almost put him out of his wits. 

Letter, dated IK», 

AiRT, «. (answering the Germ, ort) 

A point of the compass. North, 
AiRTH, adj. Afraid. j^irtl^fiUf 

fearfnL North. 
AiRT. An eagle's nest ; also used 

for the brood of young in the 

nest. See Jerie, 
AisB, #. (A.'N.) (1) Ease. 

(2) The plant axweed. Skinner. 
Ai8H, t. Stubble; as wheat, or 

oat ttiiht i. e. wheat or oat stub. 

ble. Grose g?Tes this as a 

Hampshire word. 
AisiBLicHE, adv. Easily. 
AisiL, 1 9. (ji'.S. aisil or eUiL) 
AYSBL vTinegar; or at least a 
A8SL, J sort of vinegar. In two 

receipts in the /bnatf ^ CtHy% 
"wyne, vynegar ayteli, other 
alegar," and "vynegar other 
ayeell" are mentioned as ingre- 
dients. There was, perhaps, there- 
fore, a difference between what 
was ordinarily called vinegar and 
aisel ; and it has been supposed 
that ttysett may have been what 
has since been called verjuice; 
that is, an acid obtained from the 
expressed juice of crab-apples, or 

Agnus Castus loden with fenell in auU 
is good to destroy the dropsy. . . . Also a 
playster made wyth thys herbe (cher> 
▼ill) tempered with aysell, destroyeth 
wylde fyre. Foot Man's Herbak 

She was like thing for hungir dcd. 
That lad her life only by bred 
Knedin with eieel strong and egre, 
And thereto she was lene and megre. 
Ckaueeft Bom. of the Bo$e, L 317. 

AiSLiCHB, a<jf. {J.'S. egeeUee,) 

There I anntrede me in. 
And meliche I seyde. 

Piers Pl^ p. 471. 

AisNKCiA, 9. (from A.'N, aian^.) 
Primogeniture. Skinner, 

AisT. Thou wilt. Line. 

AisTBR-EAL, 9. Easter^alc, an 
extra-allowance given to labour- 
ers at that season. Northampt. 

AiSTRB, 1 9. (A.'N. aistre, or, as it 
BSTRB, J is very commonly written, 
eetre.) A house ; the parts or con- 
ditions of a house; its apartments; 
also, condition, life. The old 
French' phrase, sovotr faieire, 
which is interpreted eonnaitre 
tou9 le9 rotate ifune maieon, will 
help to explain its application in 
some of the English extracts. It 
is still in common use in Staf- 
fordshire, Shropshire, and, pro- 
bably, in most of the Midland 
Counties, for the fire-place; the 
back of the fire ; or the fire itself. 
In the early writers the form eitrt 
is the more common* 




Al pejnted wu tl|e wal in length and. 

Like to the estre* of the pu\j place 
That bight the gret tempul of Man in 


Chaucer, Knighes T., \. 1972. 

This Johan itert up as fast as ever he 

And grasped bv the walles to and fro 
To fynde a star, and sche start up also. 
And knewe the ettret bet than dede Jon. 

Eeo^t Tale, L 4290. 

His portes and his estres were fill eren 

Of tresour and of lordschyp 

Hitt. of Beryn., 1. 106. 

Ait, «. (A,'S») A little island in a 

AiTCH, 9. (^.-5.) An achfOrpain; 
a paroxysm in an intermitting 
disorder. Var. diaL 

Aitch-bone s. The edge-bone 
(ps innominaium). Var. dial, 

AiTCH0RNiNO,t. Gathering acorns; 
acoming. Cheah, 

AiTH, «. (^.-5. a^.) An oath. 

AiTHB, «. Sweariuff. 

AiTHER, (1) pron. Ij.'S.) Either. 

(2) Each. "Aw so three greet 
hee fellows cummin up t' loanin, 
an' aither o* them had a great 
big stick iv 'is hand." Wett- 
moreland and Cumberland Via- 
lects, p. 323. 
(3)». {A.-S.) A ploughing. North. 

KiTSt t. Oats. North. 

AiXES, «. (A.'S.) An ague. Grose 
gives this as a Northumberland 
word, and Brockett explains it, 
"a fit or paroxysm of an ague." 

AiTAH, 8. The fat about the kid- 
ney of veal or mutton. Suffolk. 

Ajar, adv. This word is some- 
times figuratively used for con- 
fusing, clashing, or shaking. Its 
usual meaning is applied to a 
door partly opened. 
'Ajax. PronouncedAjax (with the 

• long.) Sir John Harrington, in 
1596, published a celebrated 
tract, called "The Metamor- 
phosis of Ajax^* by which he 
meant the improvement of a 
Jakes, or privy, by forming it into 
what we now call a water^closett 
of which Sir John was clearly the 
inventor. The book was an of- 
fence to delicacy, for which Queen 
Elizabeth kept him for some time 
in disgrace. Probably from this 
circumstance, the writers of the 
Shakespearian age were conti- 
nually playing on this name, 
by taking it in the sense given 
to it by Harrington. 

I A stool were better, sir, of Sir Jjax his 
invention. £. Jon., ^ic., iv, 5. 

But, for his wit no matter mnch it wakes, 

Whether he sits at the boord, or on Jjax. 

Dames, Scourge of Folly, 1611. 

Adoring Stercutio for a god, no lease 
nnwoorthily then shaniniUy consti- 
tuting him a patron and protector of 
Jjax and his commodities. 

Ho»p.of Jncmrab. Fooles, p. 6. 

Inquire, if you understand it not, of 
Cloacina's chaplains, or such as are 
well read in Ajax. 

Camden, Remains, p. 117. 

Ajeb, adv. Awry; uneven. Var, 

Ajuggede, part. p. Adjudged; 

Ak, conj. (A.'S. ae.) But. 
Akale, adj. Cold. See Acede. 
Akard, adv. Awkward. North, 
Akcorn, 8. An acorn. 
Ake, 9. (A,-S. tec.) An oak. 
Akeooun, 9. The acton. See 

Akele, v. (A.'S. acelan.) To cool. 

The kyng byre fader leas old man, and dro4 

to feblesse. 
And the anguysse of liys dojter hyra dude 

more destresse, 
And akelde hym wel the more, sothatfeble 

he was. Rob. Olouc, p. 442. 

Akenne, V. (A.'S.) To recon. 

noitre ; to discover. 
Arer, (1) 9. {A.'S, meer.) An 

acre ; a field. 



Thume tweyne Bchnleii be In an aher^ 
oon Bch^l be UdEe, and an other left. 
Matthew, c. xxiv, Wyckliffe's vertion. 

(2) t. An acorn. South, 
Akxr-lond, 8. Cnltivated land. 
Akerman, 9, A husbandman. 
Akethek, ado. Indeed. Devon, 
Akevere, V, {A.'N.) To recover. 
Akeward, adv. Wrongly. See 

Akinnancb, adv. On one side; 

askaunce. Doraet. 
Akker, V, (J,'S.) To shake, or 

tremble. Northamptotuh, 
Akkerd, ad/. Awkward. Nor* 

Aknawe, '\ 
AKNOWB, I adv. {A.'S.) On 
AKNEN, " knees ; kneeling. 


And made mony knyght dhuoMy 
On medewe, in feld, ded bylaue. 

Kyng JUsaunder, 3540. 

Tho Athelbrus astonnde, 
fel aJcncn to grounde. 

Kytiff Horn, 840. 

Aknawe, V. {j4,'S.) To know; 
to acknowledge; to be con- 
scious of. 

Aksis, 9, {j4,'S.) The ague. See 


That is y-schakyd nnd schent with the 
aiiu. Audelay*8 Poems, p. 47. 

Akse, V. {A,'S.) To ask. 

Al. Will. AH, I will, he wiU. 

Var. dial, 
Alaan, adj. Alone. North. 
Alabastrine, adf. Like alabaster; 

made of alabaster. 

Another while nuder the crystall brinks 
Her alabastrine well-shapt limbs she 

Like to a lilly sunk into a glasse. 

Sylvester's Du Bartas, 203. 

Alabl ASTER, 8, (1) A corruot pro- 
nunciation of alabaster, 
(2) An arbalest. 

4I.ABRE, 9. A kind of fur. 

And eke his cloke with alaire. 
And the knottes of golde. 


Alacch^^ V, ^A,-N. alacher,) To 

faint or fall down from weakness; 

to fell, or strike down. 
Alacrious, adj. {Lat.) Gay ; joyful. 
A-LADY, 9, Lady-day. Suffolk* 
AxAMiRB, #. The lowest note but 

one in the scale of music of 

Guido Aretine. 
Alamode, 9, (Fr,) A kind of 

Alamort, adj. (Fr.) Half dead ; 

in a dying state ; drooping. 

Whose soft and royal treatment may 

To heal the sick, to cheer the alamort. 

Fansh. Lusiad, y,8S. 

Sometimes written ait amort. 

See Amort, 

Aland, adv. On land ; to land. 

Where, as ill fortune would, the Dane with 

fresh supplies 
Was lately come akmd. 

Drayton's PolyolHon, 

Aland, 1 9. {A.^N, alan, alant.) 
ALAN, > A kind of large dog ; a 
ALAUND,J boar-hound. 

Aboute his chare wente white alautui. 
Twenty and mo, as grete as eny stere. 
To hunte at the lyoun, or at the here. 
And folwed him with mosel fast i-bounde, 
Collerd with goldo, and torettes fylid 
roonde. Chaucer, Cant. 2'., 1. 2160. 

Foure coursers and two allans of Spayne, 
faire and good. 

Bourehier's Frcissart, b. vr, c. 34. 

Alandb, 9. (from the adv.) To 

Alans, a^. Alone. North. 
Alanbwb, 9. New ale. HuloeJ* 
Alan 6, adv. Along. North, 
Alang b, i aeff. ( 1 ) Irksome ; pain- 
ALBNOE, S ful. Apparently only 

another form oielenge, which see. 

In time of winter alanae it is ! 
The foules lesen her buss. 

Ellis's Bomanees, ed. 1811, i, 269. 

(2) Strange. Prompt. Parv. 

(3) Lonely. 

Alangenes, 9. Irksomeness) 

Alantum, adv. (from Fr, lointain.') 

At a distance. To this word qjf 




it generally subjoined. It is given 

by Grose, Thoresby, and Carr, 

as a word used in Yorkshire. 

Alapat, V, (Fr.) To hit hard ; to 

beat. Alapite, in old French, is 

interpreted as meaning fareeun 

fui se dormoient det toufflets pour 

amtuer le petiple, 

Kot with a wand to alapat and strike them. 
MeltoiCsSixe-foldFoUtieiaM, p. 125. 

Alaban, 8, Seems to mean a kind 

of precious stone, in the follow- 

ing passage quoted from a MS. 

of the 15th century. 

Here cropyng was of rychc gold. 
Here parrelle alle of alaran : 

Here brydyll was of reler boide. 
On every aide hangyd bellya then. 

Alargb, V, {A.-N,) To enlarge ; to 
bestow liberally. 

8acb part in ther nativitie 
Was then tdargid of beantie. 

Chaueer^M Dreame, 166. 
Alas-a-dat. An exclamation of 

pity. Var, dial. 
Alas-at-bver. An exclamation of 

pity. Yorith. 
Alassn, eonj. Lest. Dorset, 
Alast, adv. At last; lately. 
Alatb, adv. Lately. 
Alatrate, v. {Lat attatrare,) To 
growl ; to bark. 

Let Cerberus, the dog of hd, alatrate 
what lie hste to the contrary. 

Stubbe'tdttatamiei^Abtuei, p. 179. 

Alaund, adv. On the grass ; on 
the ground. 

Alaunder, 9. A kind of pottage. 
Alaunder of moton. Take moton of the 
legge, and seth hittendur bi hitaelf, and 
^when hit is sothen, take and braie hit 
m a morter, or hewe hit smal with a 
knyfe, aim pntte hit in a pot and boile 
hit with the same broth ; and take saf- 
frone, and ponder of clowes, andof cauel, 
and put therto, and seth hit, and serve 
hit forthe. Cookery Receipts, 1381. 

JUumder of beef. Take leekes of the 
lengthe of a spoune, and take parcel and 
bewe smal, and pouder of pepur, and 
maree, and tempur hit togedur, and 
take leeches of beef, and roUe horn 
therin, and laye horn on a gridims and 
Ml the coles tyl they bea rosted; and if 

ye have no maree, take of the self talghi 
and hewe hit with the parcelle, and tern 
pur hit as ye dyd before. Ik 

Alawk. Alack; alas. Suffolk, 
Alay, v. (A,.N,) To mix ; to re- 
duce, or lower, by mixing : ap- 
plied most commonly to wines 
and liquors. 

He must be ware of alle such thinges as 
may chafe him: if he drink eth wmelet 
him alaye it, or let it be soure. 
Holibusk'e Homieh Apothecary, fol. 41. 

(2) A term in hunting, when 

fresh dogs are sent into the cry. 
Alaye, V, {A,.S, alecgan,) To lay 

low; depress; to apply. 
Albacorb, 9. (Fr.) A kind of 


The albaeore that followeth night and day 
The flying fish, and takes them for his prey. 


Albe, eof^. Albeit ; although. 
Albk, 1 «. {A,-N,) A long white 
aube, I linen garment, worn by 
awbe, J Roman Catholic priests. 
Albidene, 1 orfr. (A.'S.) From 
albedene, j time to time ; one 
after another; by and by; forth- 

Kend it es how je war kene 

Al Inglis-men with dole to dere; 
Thnire gudes toke je albidene. 
No man born wald |e forbere. 

Minot's Poem$. 
The ten comaundementes aUebedene, 
In oure play jt xal hem sene. 

Ludus Coventria, p. 4. 

Alberoe, 9. (Fr,) The early peach. 

Albesptnb, "If. (A,-N.) White- 

AUBEPYNE, J thorn ; hawthorn. 

And there the Jewes scorned him, and 
madeu him a crowne of the braunches of 
albespyne, that is white thorn, tliat grew 
in that same gardyn, and setteu it on 
his heved. Mautulemle'e Travels, p. IS. 

Albian, 9, An old terra for that 
variety of the human species now 
called the Albino. 

Albification, *. (Laf.) A chemi« 
cal term for making white. 

Alblast, If. (^.-iV^) An 
alblastre, hn^trument for 
' J shooting arrows. 





Both albUut aud mnny a bow 
War redy railed opon a row. 

Minot*s Poems, p. 16. 
ITith Mtattrei and with stones. 
They tlowe men, and broken Imnes. 
Kynff Aluaunder, 1211. 

Alblasters, «. A crossbow-man. 

Albricias, t. (J^anUh.) A reward 
or gratuity giyen to one that 
brings good news. 

Alburn, adj. Auburn. Skinner, 
Tbis word occurs in A New Eng- 
Ksh Dictionary t 1691, explained 
** a white brown." 

Albtjrn-treb, t. This word occurs 
in MS. HarL,22l (thePrompto- 
rmm Panmhrum), explained by 
'* Tiburnum/' the wild vine. 

Xlbyv, adj. {Ut) White. 

Albtsi, adv, (^.-5.) Scarcely; 
t. «. with much business or 
labour, hardly. Rob. Gloue.j p. 81. 

Alcamtne,«. a mixed metal. An 
alchymical term. 

Alcatotb, 1 «. A silly fellow. 


An oaf, a simple alcatote^ an innocent. 
For^s Works, ii. 213. 

Alcatras. a kind of sea-gull, (//a/.) 

Most like to that sharp-nffhted aUatras, 
That beats the air above ue liquid glass. 


Alchemt, 9, A mixed metal. See 

Alchion. Halcyon. Thiscorruption 
occurs in Tatham's Royal Oake, 

Alchochoden, «. The term given 
in astrology to the planet which 
bears rule in the principal places 
of an astrological figure, when a 
person is born. 

ALO,a4;. (J.^S.) Old. 

(2) V. Not unfrequently used in 
old MSS. for held, or hold. 

Aldat, adv. Always. 

Tbqr can aiforce them alday, men may see. 

Bochast b. i, c SO. 

Alder, (1) adj. Older. 

(2) «. An elder; an ancestor. 
Qwr alden, onr ancetton. 

(3) A common expression in 
Somersetshire for cleaning tbt 
alleys in a potatoe ground. 

Alder, * 




Forms of the gen. pi, 
of a/ (all), representing 
^the A.'S. ealra. This 
was one of the Anglo- 
Saxon forms of inflection which 
were preserved to a very late 
period of our language. It was 
used most frequently in compo- 
sition with an adjective in the 
superlative degree ; of which we 
may give the following ex- 
amples : 
- beet. Best of all. 

Hy ben the altkerbest 
Thai ben from eat into west. 

Kynff AUsaundert 1.4878 

For when %t weneth alrehest 
For te have ro ant rest. 

Beliq. AnHq., i, 116. 

That standeth yet awnre ; 
It was nat heled alderS&sL 

SkeWm, ii, 63. 

'faireit. The fairest of all. 

The chQd he sette next his hende, 
In the sAtkstfairest sete. 

Flofis and BUnel^Umr. 

'fint. The first of all. 

Tho aller/urst he undurstode 
That he was rj%ht kyngis blod. 

Kyng Alisaunder, 1569. 

'formeet. The first of all. 

For there thai make semblant fiurest, 
Thai wil bigils ye aUherfomest. 

setyn Sages^ 27S6. 

-higheit. Highest of all. 

And aUerhigkest tooke as^ronomye. 

Lydgat^s Minor P., p. 1 1. 

4a9t. Last of all. 

And alderlast, how he in his citee 
Was by the sonne slayue of TliolomA 

Bochas, b. ▼, e. 4i 

Hot own lorde, aUkerlaste, 

The venom out of hys hedd braste. 

Floreuesqf Borne, Sill. 

Jest. Least of all. 

Lore, ayenst the whiche who so defendith 
HimicLvin mostC!, him aUirlest availeth. 
Trmku e9idCr.,i,9fA 




That of the althertesle wonnde 
IVere a stede broaht to grande. 

Eaoclok, 1978. 

'Uefest, Dearest of all. 

^— mine alderleviit lorde, or brotbir dere. 

TroU. and Or., iii, 240. 

Ad instance has been given in 

which this compound appears in 

the comparative degree. 

An tdder-Uefer twaine I weene, 
lu the barge there was not seene. 
Cobler of Canterb., 1608, sig. it, ii. 

Joweti. Lowest of aU. 

Jnjimiu, aldyrlowest. 

Beliq, AtUiq^ i, 7. 

-ihm/. Greatest of all. 

But aldirmoit in bouour out of doate. 
Trail, and Cre*., i, 162. 

To wrathtbe the God and paien the fend 
hit serveth aUermost. 

Pol. Songs, p. 886. 

The flour of chyvalarie now have y loat, 
In wham y trust to alremost. 

MS,, lUh cent. 
Jesu wil the help in baste ; 
Thi mischefe ea now althermaste. 

Seven Saget {Weber), 8559. 

-nex/. Nearest of all; next of 


The Saterday aUhemexte aewyng. 

Lydgai., Min. P., p. 20. 

'truett. Truest of all. 

First, English king, I humbly do request, 
That by your means our princess may unite 
Her love unto mine aldertruett love. 

Greene's Works, ii, 166. 

•■worst. Worst of all. 

Ye don oua aUenoerst to ipede* 
When that we ban mest nede. 

Gy of Waneike, p. 128. 
If on, thou havest wicked fon. 
The alre-worst is that on. 

Lyrie Poetry, p. 104. 

^wisest. The wisest of all. 

For uldirteisist han therwith ben pleaed. 
Troil. and Ores,, i, 247. 

Aldskkar, 1 «. An alder 

ALOYB-KYR, l> plantation in a 

ALDER-CARRE, J moist, boggy 

place ; explained in the Prompt. 

Parv. by locut ubi alni ei tales 

arbores creseunt. See Car, 

Alderlinos, t. A kind of fi»h, said 

tu be betwixt a trout i^ a 


Aldermanry, «. A government 

by aldermen. 

The government of Stamford was, long 
before their written charter, held ana 
used amongst themselves by an ancient 
prescription, which was called th« 
aldermanry of the guild. 

Butcher's Stamford, 1717, p. 15. 

Aldermen, t. {/I.'S.) Men of rank 
and dignity above the rest. 

Aldbrkb, «. {A,'S.) The elder 

Aldo, com;. Although. East, 

AldresSi «. {A,-S.) The wife of 

an alderman. The word occurs 

on a brass plate in the church ^f 

St. Stephen, Norwich, given by 

Blomefield, Hist. Norw.t 1739, 

vol. ii, p. 595. 

Here ly buried Misstresse Maud Heade, 
Sometyme an Aldress, but now am dead^ 
Anno MCGCCCLX and Seaven, 
Tlie XllI Day of April, then 
My Lyf 1 leafte, as must all Men, 
My Body yelding to Christen Dust, 
My Soule to God the faithfull and Just. 

Aldrian, #. A star on the neck of 

the lion. Chaucer. 
Ale,«.(.^..5.) (1) A rural festival. 

''At wakes and ales.** Ben Jon» 

son*s Tale qfa Tub.proL 

(2) An ale-house. 

0, Tom, that we were now at Putney, at 
the ale there. 

Tkom. Lord CromweU, iii, 1. 
;3) AU. 
;4) Also. 
Aleberry, s. a beverage made 
by boiling ale with spice and 
sugar, and sops of bread. 
Aleccioun, s. An election. 

Besechyng you thorfore to help to the 

reaignacion therof, and thekvnges lettro 

to the byshop of Lincoln for the aleeeUm, 

Monastic Letters, p. 240. 

Albcie, t. Drunkenness caused by 

If he had arrested a mare instead of a 
horse, it had beene a slieht oversight; 
but to arrest a man, that hath no fike- 
netae of a horse, is flat lunasie, or aUeia^ 
l4fl»'s Mother BomHs. 





Alsconkea, 9. "An officer ap- 
pointed in every court-leet to look 
to the assize and goodness of 
bread, ale, and beer." Kertey. 
It is said of Captain Cox, of 
Coventry, that he was 

Of very great credite and tmst in the 
toun beer, for he haz been chozen ale^ 
erniner many a yeer, when hiz betterz 
have stond by ; and ever quitted himself 
with such estimation, az yet, too tast of 
a cup of nippitate, his judgement will 
be taken above the best in the parish, 
be hiz nose near so read. 

Laneham {Progr, cfEliz., vol. L) 

In some parishes, the aleconner's 
jurisdiction was yery extensive. 

Albcost, 9, Costmary; an herb 
which was frequently put into 
ale, being an aromatic bitter. 
Still used in the North. 

Ajlbctivb, 8. (Lat) An attraction ; 

There is no better aleethe to noble 
wittes, then to endure them in a con- 
tencyon with their inferiour compa- 

Sir Tho. Eluofs Oocemour, p. 18. 

Albctive, adv. To vnt. Elyot 
Aled, '\part, p. Allayed; sup- 
ALEiD, j pressed ; abolished. 

From aiaye, 
Albdgembnt, 8, {A,'N,) Ease; 

Ale-drapbr, 8, A keeper of an 


The rule is this, let com be cheap or dear 
The bread should weigh as it is rated here. 
But why should bakers be so strictly us'd. 
And the ale-drapers frequently excus'd : 
They deal in neck and froth, and scanty 

Their short half pints by which they get 

their treasure ; 
Were all they piUory'd that do trade this 

, ▼ay, 

It would take up a very busy day. 

Foot BobUh 1735. 
A-LBB, adv. On the lee. 

Bnt whan anpronchin? Sicil coast the winde 

thee fortfi doth blow, 
And that Felorus crooked straites begin 

themselves to «how. 

Than left hand land, and kfk hand 

with compas long atee. 
Fetch out aloofe n-om lands and seas oh 

right hand, see thou flee. 

FhMt'* rtrgU, 1600 

Albbs, 8. Aloe trees. 

Of erberi and aUei, 
Of alle maner of trees. 


Alb-fbast. a rural festival. The 
Whit sun ales are common in 
Oxfordshire, and are conducted 
in the following manner : Two 
persons are chosen, previously 
to the meeting, to be lord and 
lady of the ale, who dress as 
suitably as they can to the cha- 
racters they assume. A large 
empty barn, or some such build- 
ing, is provided for the lord's 
hall, and fitted up with seats to 
accommodate the company. 
Here they assemble to dance and 
regale in the best manner their 
circumstances and the place will 
afford; and each young fellow 
treats his girl with a riband 
or favour. The lord and lady 
honour the hall with their pre- 
sence, attended by the steward, 
sword-bearer, purse-bearer, and 
mace-bearer, with their several 
badges or ensigns of office. They 
have likewise a train-bearer or 
page, and a fool or jester, dre&t 
in a party-coloured jacket, whose 
ribaldry and gesticulation contri- 
bute not a little to the entertain- 
ment of some part of the com- 
pany. The lord's music, consist- 
ing of a pipe and tabor, is em- 
ployed to conduct the dance. 

AhEVTf {I) pari. p. Lifted up. 
(2) adv. On the left hand. 

Albgar, 8. (ale-aigre.) Sour ale, 
used as vinegar in Cumberland. 
According to Mr. Hunter, it is 
ale or beer which has passed 
through the acetous fermenta- 
tion, and is used in Yorkshire as 
a cheap substitute for vinegar* 




Mr. Clivt, in hit MS. Staford- 
^ 9hire Glouarjf, calls it '*a fine 
acid liquor.'' Skinner gives it as 
a Lincolnshire word, and it is 
still in use in that county. In 
'Westmoreland the word is pro- 
nounced tUlekar, 

A licence was gnnted, 1S9S. br the 
queens mteatee, to Mr. Francii Ander. 
■on to have the sole biewing of ale 
and beer, for making: beer, vinegar, 
heerofitr and alegor within Uiat town, 
and ito liberties. 

BnmJTi Hut. ^NewcatOe. 

AiiVOOKrlv. {A.'N, t^eger.) (1) To 
ALBOB, jalleviatif. 

The \ojcnB time bow nyglictb f)wt» 

Tliat shall aleffge this bitter blast. 

And slake the winter sorrow. 

Speus. Shep. Kal., iii, 4. 

Bnt if tbei have some privile^. 
That of the paiiic hen well aleffe. 

Mom. ti tie Mote, 1. CflSC 

(2) To allege. 

Thev wole alegge» also, quod I, 
Ana by the Cwwel preven. 

^ien Fkmghmm, p. 2ffJ. 

Alb6bancb,#. (J.'N,) Allemtion. 
** AUeffyavce, or softynge of dys- 
ese, aiieviacio.** Pronqti. Parv. 

Alegbr, atif\ (Fr.) Gay ; joyful. 

Alehoofb, 8, Ground ivy; for- 
merly used in the making of ale. 

Albichb, adj. Alike ; equally. 
ALE-iN-coRNESt 8, New alc. IIu- 

heV8 Abcedariumt 1552. 
Aleis. (1) Alas! North. 

(2) «. Alleys. 

(3) 9. Aloes. Chaucer, 
Aleived, part, p. Alleviated ; re- 
lieved. Surrey, 

Aleknioht, t. A frequenter of ale- 
bouses. *' A common haunter of 
alehouses, or vittaylinr houses, 
an aleknightf a tipler. Baret'8 
Ahearie, 1580. 

Albndb, pret, /• of ailande. 

Alrnoe, adj. Grievous. See Alange, 

Albond, adv. By land. See AlAnd, 

Alb-polb, t. Another name fof 
what was more usually called an 

Another broaeht her bedea 

Of jetorof ei3e, 

To offer to the ale-pote. 


Ale-post, 8, A maypole. We»t. 

Alese, v. {A,''S. alysan,) To loose ; 
to free. 

Ale- SHOT, a. The keeping of an ale- 
house within a forest by an officer 
of the same. PhiUip8. 

Ale-silyer. a rent or tribute 
yearly paid to the Lord Mayor 
of London by those that sell ale 
within the city. Mentioned in 
Miege, 1687. 

Alb-stake, 8. A stake set up at' 
the door of an alehouse^ for 
a sign. Palsgrave, f. 17, trans- 
lates it by *Me moy d'une ta- 
veme.'' It appears that a bush 
was frequently placed at the top 
of the ale-stake. 

Be aad I never iranke tof^der. 
Yet 1 Kfuwe nmnv an t^-stahf. 

HmckiM's Old Flaif*, i, 109. 

Bnt, ftrst, quoth he, here at tbis mle-homMf- 

I wiU bothe drinke, and etin of a cake. 

Chaucer, Urry, p. 1 31. 

And with his wynnynges he makith his 

At the Me'ttuUst sittynf? ageyn the mone. 


— not set like an ale-stake 
Preudlie to Wag yourselves and bring flies 
in brake. 

Heytoood^ Spider and Flie, 1666L 

— the beare 
He plaies with men, who (like doggs) f&'le 

his force, 
Tlint at the ale-state baite kirn not with 

beere. Davies, Scourge ofFoUg, 1611. 

Alestalder, 8, A stallion. EomM 

Alestan-bearer, 8. A pot-boy. 

Higpis's Nomenclator, 
Albstqnd, 8, The ale-house. 
Ale-stool, 8, The stool on which 

casks of ale or heer are placed in 

the cellar. Satt. 
Albt, t. (1) A kind of hawk 




(t) An ailette, or small plate of 
•teel, ^orn on the shoulder. 
Morte Artkure, 

{3) part. p. Carved, applied to 
partridges and pheasants. 

Ale-tastrr, 9, According to Co- 
well, an officer appointed in a 
court leet, and sworn to look to 
the assize, and the goodness of 
bread and ale within the pre- 
cincts of the lordship. See Oh- 
weWt Interpreter f 1658. 

Alevbn. Eleven. 

*"^. }~"^^- "»"»»• 

Tet did she not lament with loude alew. 
As women wont, bat with deepe siffhei 
and singolfs few. tkerie <^eene, Y, vL 

Alb-wife, #. A woman who keeps 
an ale-house. 

Alexander, «. {A,-N,) The name 
of a plant, great parsley. 

ALEXANDER*8-rooT, «. Tbc plant 
pellitorj. Skinner. 

Alexandrin, a^. Cloth or em- 
broidery of some kind, brought 
from Alexandria. 

Alete, 9. {A.'N.) An alley. 

That in an aleye had a privee place. 

Chaueer, CkiU. T. 

Aletn, adv. Alone. 

Aleyne, v. {A.'N.) To alienate. 

In case they Cijdt eythcr selle or aleyne 
the same or ony parte therof, that the 
same Edwarde shutde have yt before 
any other man. Monastic Letters, p. 80. 

And leyde on hemlordsdiipe.o/ffviM uppon 
other. Deposition ofKiehari 11^ p. 13. 

Alf, 9. {A.'S.) An elf ; a devil. 
Alfarez, If. (^SpanUh.) An en- 
ALFBRES, J sign. The word was 

in use in our army during the 

civil wars of Charles I. 

And then your thoroug^hfare, Jug here, his 
'alfarez. Ben Jonson*s New Inn^ iii, 1. 

Commended to me from some noble friends 
I'm my alferes. B. and Ft Rule a W., i, 1. 

The heliotropeum or sunflower, it is 
■aid, is the true alferes, bearing up 
the standard of Flo^ 

Al-fatouritb, 9. A term applied 

to a fashion of wearing the hair. 

AlfiatouriteSt a sort of modish locks 
hang dangting on the temples. 

LadUf Dictionary, 1694. 

Altetnlt, ado. Slothfully ; slng- 
gishly. Prompt, Parv. 

Alfridaria, 9. An astrological 
term, explained by Kersey to sig- 
nify '* a temporary power which 
the planets have over the Kfe of 
a person." 

ril flod the rasp and al/ndarUi^ 
And know what planet is in cazimi. 

AtbumatoTt ii, 5. 
Alfyn, 1 ^^j Yjj^ ^jjgjj^p jj^ 

The eUpkyns ought to be made and 
formed in manner of judges sitting in a 
chair, with a book open before their 
eyes; and that is because that some 
causes be criminal, and some civil. 

Caxton, Oame of Chess. 

(2) 9. {A.'S.) A lubberly feUow 
(equivalent to e/viiA); a slug- 

Now certex, sais syr Wawayne, 
Myche wondyre have I 
That syche an alfyne as thow 
Dare speke syche wordes. 

Jlorte Arthurs. 

Aloarot, t. A chemical prepara- 
tion, made of butter of antimony, 
diluted in warm water, till it turn 
to a white powder. 

alo ATE, I ^^^^^ J Always; every 

ALOATES, J ^^y . jjy jjj ^^^^^ 

Still used in the North. 

So entirely me raeveth, that I roust 
sAgeiJte recorde the same, and therein be 
no flatterer. 

Ashmole's Theatr. Chem., p. 109. 
All merciles he will that it be doe. 
That we dilate shall dye both two. 

Boehas, b. i, f. 39. 
Algate by sleighte or by violence 
Fro ver to yer I wynne my despence. 

Chaucer, C.T.,1G\Z 

Also that the said Eatherine shall ttike 
and have dower in onr realm of Englnnd, 
as queens of England hitherwBrd 
(hitherto) were wont to take and have. 
That is to say, to the sum of forty thou- 
iand crowns by the year, of the whick 




Iwtin aXgaiet thaU be worth a noble, 
KnglUh money. 

Letter qfTtng Henry f, U20. 

And therefore would I should be §lg«de* 

For whUe I live his right is in suspense. 

Z«r/. r.,iv,flO. 

Aloate-holb, 8» A small recess in 
the wall within the chimney near 
the fire, in which is deposited the 
tinder-box, matches, brushes, &c. 
Sometimes it is the receptacle for 
salves, ointments, and other such 
articles. Norf. 

Algb, adv, (^,'S.) Altogether. 

Aloere, «. {j4,'S.) a spear used 
in fishing. 

Al9ID, adj. (Lot.) Cold. 

Aloifk, coiy\ Although ; literally, 
all if. 

Algific, adj. (Lat.) Making cold. 

Algose, ad;. Very cold. 

Alorade, 8, A kind of Spanish 

wine, mentioned in the earlier 


Both (dgrade, and respice eke. 

Squyr of Lowe DegrS, 756. 

^augrTm I'- (* contraction of 
AWORiM, J *'^^'''*^-^ Arithmetic. 

The name of this cmft is in Latyn 
algornmu,H.n(JiiiiEno:\is algrim; and it 
is namid off algoa, that is to say, cmft, 
and rismue, tliat is, nounbre; and for 
tliis skille it is called craft of nounbringe. 
MS. quoted bjf HalUweU. 

Ifethonght nothing my state could more 

Than to beare name, and in effect to be 
A cypher in algrim, as all men might see. 
Mirr.for Mag., p. 338. 

Than satte summe, as siphre doth in 
mogrym. Deposit. ojRic. II, p, 29. 

Al-hal-dat, 1 8. All-hallows 

alhalwe-messe, >day, the 1st 
ALHALWEN-TYD, J of Novenibcr. 
Alhidade, 8. An astrological term. 
A rule on the back of the as- 
trolabe, to measure heights, 
breadths, and depths, 
Altant, 8. An alien. Eider, 
Alican r,' 8, A Spanish wine, for- 

merly moch esteemed; said to 

be made near AIicant,in Valencia, 

and of mulberries. 

Youll blood three pottles dJUeant, by 
this light, if you follow them. 

0. «., iii, 853. 

Your bntt, got out of AUeant, 

B. and Fl., Chances, i, 0. 

t. tf., "yoor children, the conse- 
quence of drunkenness." 

Alie, V, {^,-S,) To anoint. 

Alien, v. (^.-.V.)- To alienate. 

A-LiFE, adv. As my life; exces- 

I love a ballad in print a-Ufi. 

Skaksp., Wint. T.,iT,S. 

Thou lor'st a^Ufs 
Their perfum'd judgement. 

S, JonsoB. 

A clean instep. 
And that I love a-life. 

B. and Fl., Mons. Tk., n, 3. 

Alife, 9. To allow. SJtinner, 
Alioant, 8. Wine of Alicant. 
Aligoe, V, {J-S.) To lie down. 
Alightb, 9, (^,-S,) (1) To light; 

to descend ; to pitch. 

(2) To light ; to kindle. Surrey, 
Altne, r. (A,'N,) To anoint (?). 

The diildren atte eherehe dore 

So beth y-primisined ; 
And that m oeethe eke atte fount 

Mid oylle and creyme alyned. 

W. de Shoreham. 

Alimentabt, 8. (Lat,) " An alt- 
mentarie" says Minsheu, ** is he 
to whom a man giveth his meat 
and drinke by his last will." 

Alinlaz, 8. An anlace. This sin- 
gular form occurs in the Romance 
qfHavelok, 2554. 

Aliry, adv. (A.-S,) Across. 

Somme leide hir legges aliry, 
As swiche losels konneth. 

Fiers Fl, p. 124. 

Alisaundre, 8, (J,-N,) The herb 


With alisaundre tbare-to, ache ant anvs. 

Lyrie Foetry, p, it&. 

Alise, 9. {A.^S, aly»an.) To release. 
jiUsedneee releasing, ransom, re- 
demption. *^ Ac alye us from yfle." 




OU TSfxaulation tf the Lot^% 

Praifery in CanuL Rem,^ p. 24. 
Aliwats, 8. Aloes. Lincobah. 
Alkakenot, 8. The plant persi- 

caria. Prompi. Parv. 
Alkanbt, 8. The wild buglos. 


Alkani, 8. Tin. HoweU, 

Alks. a broad form oi ilk ; each. 

Alkbkeno, 8. The winter-cherry. 

Alkbnamtb, «. Alchemy. 

Experimentz of eUtenamtye 
The peple to decey v«. 

Hen Fl., p. 180. 

Albxr, a. A sort of custard. 

For to make lys mlker, Tak fi^s, and 
raysons, and do awey the kemelis, and 
a god imrty of applys, and do awey the 
paryng of the i^phs and the kernelis, 
and bray hem wel in a morter; and 
temper hem np with almande my Ik, and 
menge hem wyth flowr of rys, that yt 
be wel cbariaunt, and strew therupoa 
powder of galyngale, and serve yt forth. 
Cooiery Receipts, 1381. 

Alke, a. An elk. 

As for the plowing with vm, which I 
snppose to be unlikelie, because they 
are in mine opinion untameable, and 
€Uke*, a thing oommonlie used in the 
east countries. 

HarnmUt J>eicr, qfEn^laadt p. 22d. 

Alkymistrb, a. An alchemist. 

Kll, adv. {A,^S.) (1) Although; 


And those two firoward sisters, their Cure 

Came with them eke, M they were won- 
drous loth. 

Spent^t Faerie QuecHe, U, ii, 84. 

(2) Entirely. A common pro- 

And see, yon workhonse, oa that village 

Where husbands, mU without their wives, 

aw seen. _^^ 

Poetry mttribtUed to WMey, 1842. 

(3) " For all" is a common ex- 
pression, meaning ** in spite of/' 
and is constantly used by coontry 

(4) << All that/' untU that. Kyn§ 
JUeaunder, 2H5. 

(5) *'For good and all/' en., 
tirely. North, 

(6) Each. Prompt, Parv, 

(7) j4il and eome. One and all ; 
every one ; every thing ; entirely. 

Thou who wilt not love do this, 
Learn of me what woman is ; 
Something made of thread and thrumme, 
A mere i)otch of all and some. 

Herriek, p. 8. 

In armour eke the souldlers all and some. 
With all the force that mieht so soou be had. 
Mirrour/or Magistrates, p. 91. 

We are betrayd and y-nome ! 
Horse and harness, lords, all and some f 
EichardCoerdeUon^iSM. . 

(8) This word is frequently, in 
popular language, joined with 
others toform an adverbial phrase, 
as in the following examples: 
all-a-bitSt All in pieces (AbrM.); 
aU-a6out, " To get ail about in 
one's head," to become light- 
headed {Her^ordth.)', "That's 
all about it," that is the whole 
of the matter; ail-abroad, squeez- 
ed quite flat {Somerset); aW-a- 
kohf all on one side {Wilts.); 
att-ahmgy constantly, ** ail-along 
of," or "aU-alonff on/* owing to; 
aU-amangj mingled, as when two 
flocks of sheep are driven to- 
gether {Wilts.) \ aU-aS'ie, *'aU 
«« M to me is this/' all I have 
to say about it {Herefordsh.) ; 
aU-a-tatrnt-Of fully rigged, with 
masts, yards, &c. (a sea term; ; 
aU-Vease, gently, quietly {He- 
refordsh,) ; all-i-bits, all in pieces 
{Norths) ; all-in-a-charm, talking 
aloud (»^t//«.); aU-in-aU, every- 
thing, aU in ail with, very inti- 
mate or familiar with ; alUin-a- 
muggle, all in a litter {Wilts.); 
all-in-one, at the same time; 
aU-of-a-hugh, all on one side 
{Suffolk) ; all-on-end, eager, im- 
patient {Somerset); aU-€ut, en. 
tirely, quite, to drink ail ov/. 


med of a carouse ; aO-to-nottghf, 
completely ; aU-to-Muuh, smash- 
ed to pieces ; aU-jfere, altogether. 

Allans, adj. Aloue. 

Allay, v. (,4,-N.) (1) To mix, to 
put water to wine. 

Tlie velvet breeches for him amswered, 
And for strength of his drioke excnted 

For he oBayed them, both white and red, 
And oft with water made them small 
and ttiinue. 
I>e6ate between Pride and LowUnet,^.B9. 

(2) To allay a pheasant, to cot or 
carve it up at table. Kersey. 

(3) 9. The set of hounds which 
were ahead after the beast was 
dislodged. A hunting terra. 

Allayment, 8. That which has the 
power of allaying or abating the 
force of something else. 

All.bedenb, dufv. Forthwith. See 

ALL.BB.THouoH,a<fv. Albcit. 5*fll- 

Alle, (I) ado. All (onwtino). 
(2) *. Ale. 

I'her was plenty of atte 

To theym that were in halte. 

The Feeet, st. v. 

Allbblaster, «. A not uncommon 
form of alabaster. 

In the chappell next to the piiows 
Item g. olde masse bookes. 
Itra g. imagees of ^hyte aUeebkuter. 
Itm one deske, one sakering bell. 

MonaeLt iv, 542. 

Allect, v. {Lat.) To allure; to 
bring together; to cuUect. 

Allectation,*. {Lat.) An allure- 

Allectivb, ». An attraction ; al- 
Allectuabt. An electuary. ^it«//on. 
Alleoate, r. (Lat.) To allege. 

Why, belike he is some runnagate, that will 

not show his name : 
All, why should I this aUegater he is of 

noble fame. PeeU's WorJte, iii, p. 68. 

Allege, «. (^A.^N.) To quote ; to 

54 ALL 

ALLEesAUNCB,*. (1) Citation; tke 
act of quoting. 
(2) Relief. 

Herof we habbeth tokene gode^ 
Wanne we fangeth penaunce; 

for sennes that we habbeth i«doiw 
To pyne allegaunee. 

W. de Skorekem. 

ALLKGEinNT, «. {A.^N.) An ease; 

SBod sche, «*6eTe I schal the telle, 
ercerye I have to selle; 
In boystes soote oynementis 
Therewith to don aUegementie 
To ffolkes whiche be not glade. 
The Pylgrim, MS Cotton. Tib. A,, vfil 

Alleluya, *. The plant wood- 
sorrel. It is found in the index 
to Gerard: 9 HerbaU, ed. 1633. 
**AUelttya, an hcrbe called wood- 
sorrell or cuckowes meat, which 
cuckowes delight in.'' Mnuheu'9 
Guide into Tonyuee, 1627. 

Allemash-day, 9. Allumage-day, 
the day on which the Canterbury 
silk-weavers began to work by 
candle-light. Kent. Groee. 

Allen,«. Grassland recently broken 
up; unenclosed land that has been 
tilled and left to run to feed for 
sheep. Suffolk. 

Aller, (1) *. (A..S.) An alder- 
tree. A common form of the 
word in the Western counties. 
The alder tree, which is alsoe called an 
aUer-tree, is named in Greek eletlura, in 
Latin uhius, and in Duche ein Erlen- 
baum Turner^s Herbal, 1661. 

(2) yen. pi. of al. Prefixed to 
adjective. SeeAkler. 
Adam was onre alter fader. 

Fieri PL, T^.S4Si. 

Allerbury, 9. A plantation of 
alders. Devon. 

Aller-float, 9. A species of large 
trout, frequenting the deep holes 
of retired and shady biooks, 
under the roots of the aller^ or 
alder-tree ; also called the alter* 
trout. North, 

Allbrnbatch, 9. A kind of botch 
or old sora. Mxmoor, 




4LLBit8, t. An acute kind of boU or 

carbuncle. Dewtn, 
Allbs, the geiK «. of nil used ad- 

yerbially. Altogether ; all. 

Tho Gorineus was €Mei wroth, so grete 
strokes he gaf. Boh, QUmc 

Allbsad, jmrL p. Lost. 

Allb-soltn'b-day« All Souls* Day. 
See MS. Harl., 2391, quoted in 
Hampson's KaJendarium, ii, 11. 

Allbye, ad^. Eleven. JUeveHihe, 
The eleventh. 

Alley, «. (1) The conclusion of a 
gane at football, when the ball 
has passed the bounds. YifrM, 
(2) A marble, for boys' play. 

Allbte, 9, To allege. 

ALL-rLoWER-wATBE,«. The mine 
of cows. Lane, 

All-fours, «. A game at cards. A 

traditional epitaph describes an 


Here lies the body of Ml Fourth 

Wlio spent his money and pawned 

his clothes : 
And if you wish to know his name, 
. It is kitjihy lotp. Jade, and game. 

All-good, «. The herb good Henry. 

AllhallowN'Summbr, t. A late 

All-bbal, «. The herb panax. 

All-hid, «. A name, according to 
Nares, for the game of hide-and- 
seek; but Cotgrave seems to 
make it synonymous with Hood- 

All-holland'8-dat,«. The Hamp- 
shire name for All Saints' (or 
All Hallows) Day, when plum- 
cakes are made and called Al 
Holland cakes. 

Allhoovje, 8. Ground ivy. Miruheu, 

Allhosb, 8, The herb horsehoof. 

Alliciate, v. {Lai.) To attract. 

Alliciency, 8. Attraction. 

Allibny, 8, An alley ; a passage in 
a building. 

Allioant. a corruption ofJUeami, 
the name of a Spanitb wum. 

Allmarta, t. (from Spanish te- 
garto.) The alligator, or croco* 
dile. The urine of this creature 
was supposed to render any 
herb poisonous on which it was 

And who can tell, if before tbe gathering 
and making up thereof, tin wUigarta 
hath not pissM thereobT 

B. Jotu., Bart. F., ii, 6. 

Allinb, 8. An ally. MUdleton, 
Allinge, \adv. (A,'S, ealUnffa.) 
ALLiNOEs, J Altogether ; totally. 

Tor hire feired and hire chere, 
Ich hire boujte allinge so dere^ 

Flor^ «nmC Blanch., 674. 

tn that kNid giK)wen trees tliat beren 
niele, wherof men maken {rode bred aud 
white, and of gode savour; and it 
semethe as it were of whete, but it is 
not aJUingee of soche savour. 


All-in-thb-wbll. a game prac- 
tised at Newcastle. Boys make 
a circle about eight inches in 
diameter, termed the well, and 
place in the centre of it a 
wooden peg, four inches long, 
with a button balanced on the 
top. Buttons, marbles, or any- 
thing else, according to agree- 
ment, are given for the privilege 
of throwing a short stick at the 
peg. If the button fly out of 
the ring, the player is entitled 
to double the stipulated value of 
what he gives for the stick. The 
game is also practised at races, 
and other places of amusement, 
with three pegs, which are put 
into three circular holes, made in 
the ground, about two feet apart, 
and forming a triangle. In this 
case each hole contains a peg, 
about nine inches long, U|>on 
which are deposited either a small 
knife or some copper. 

Allisok, 8, The wood-rose. See 

All-ma NNBR-A-woT, 8, Indiscri- 
miAate abuse. St^oik. 




All^ov-a-row, «. A child's game. 

Alloltda, t. The plant cuckoo- 

Alloncb. All of us. Somertet, 

Allonblt, adv. Exclusively. See 

ALLoauY, », (Za/.) The act of 
addressing a person. 

Allottkrt, 9, An allotment. 

mowme luch exercues as may become 
a gentleman, or eive me the poor allot- 
tcry my father left me by testament. 

M JTou Like It, i, 1. 

Allous. All of us. Somerset. 
All-ovbrish, adj. Neither sick 

nor well. Var, dial. 
Allowancb, t. Approbation. 

A stirring dwarf we do aUowance give 
Before a sleeping giant. 

TnMM and Crasida, u, S. 

Allowbd. Licensed. An " allowed 
fool." Shakeap., Twelfth Nighty 
i. 5. " An allowed cart or cha- 
riot." HoUyband'8 Diet., 1593. 

All.plai8tbr,«. Aiabiaster. Yorka. 

Alls,«. Earnest money. iVbr^A. See 

ALL-SALBg, adv. {A.'S, from *«/, 
a time.) At all times. Suffolk. 

All-sbbd, «. The orach. Skinner. 

All-sbbr, «. One who sees every- 

All-sides. Every one. South. 

All-thb-birds- 1 Two names of 
in-the-air, I games pecu- 

All-thb-fishrs- [liar to Suf- 

IN-THB-SEA, J folk. 

every occasion. This common 
familiar phrase is ancient, being 
found in Brome's Queen and 
Concubine, 1659, p. 96. 

Allubescenct, *. (Lot.) Willing- 
ness ; facility in yielding. 

Allusiyelt, adv. (Lat.) With al- 
lusion to something. 
I thought him also in the late times a 
little too nice, and tender of his credit; 


and somewhat too nrofase of his logkll 
and rhetorick; wno being to preach 
upon that of the Acts ; Silver and gold 
have I none, but such as I have give I 
thee ; Whenever he had named his text, 
desired the people, in all hast, to takt 
the words not litterally, but aUuHvcly, 
for that he nad good store of money 
diinking in his pockets ; besides what 
he left at home in his coffers. 

Eachard^t Observations, 1671, p. 63. 

Allutbrlt, adv. Altogether ; 

Alluvion, «. (Lat.) A washing 

All-watbrs. ** I am for all wa- 
ters," i. e.f I can turn my hand 
to anything. Shakeip. 

Allt, 8. The aisle of a chordL 
Var. dial 


ALEMAiir, }•«. (I) AGerman. 
allemaionb, ^ 
(2) A kind of solemn music. It 
was also the name of several 
dances, the new allemaigne, the 
old, the queen's allemaigne, all of 
which are mentioned in early 
books of dance tunes. 

Almain-leap, 8. In dancing, a 
kind of jig. 

Skip with a rhyme on the table from New- 

And take nis olmaxn-leM into a cnstard. 
Jonson, Devil is an Ass, i, 1. 

Almain-quarrel, #. A causeless, 
unnecessary quarrel. 

D. John. I met before Don Ferdinand's 
house a serving man who thrusts me, by 
design, upon an almain-guarrel. 
Tod. That's very true, but somewhat 
unwillingly, like a coward as he is. 

Daveuant, The Man's the Master^ 

Almain-rivets, 8. Moveable ri- 
vets. The term was applied to 
a light kind of armour, used 
originally in Germany. 
Alma INT, 1 
ALM ANY, L*. Germany. 
alemaynb, J 

I'll cry flounders else. 

And walk, with my petticoat tuek'd ap, likt 
▲ hnymaklof^jtMrii^. O.F.,vm,4nk 




Vow FoDw eouet, tliat to his brother gaTe 
Hu tend in Italy, which waa not tmalC 
And dwelt in Almanv. 

Harringtot^s Ariosto, 1S91, p. 19. 

Up(ni the londe cf Jlenuafne. Gower, 

Ai^AN, t. A kind of hawk. 

Almandinb, adj. Made of almond. 

Almanore, #. An a4mond-tree. 

And oialmMidris grete plent^i 
Figgis, and many a date tre. 

Almarib, 9. (^.-iV:) A cupboard ; 

a pantry. See Ambrie. 

Ther avarice hath alnuuiet. 
And yren boonden cofres. 


Almariol, t. (J,-N,) A closet, or 
cupboard, in which the ecclesias- 
tical habits were kept. 

Almatour, 8. An almoner. 

After him spak Dalmadai, 
A riche almatour he waa. 

Kyng AlMamnder, SOiS. 

Alms, «. An elm. Northan^t. 

Almetiy made of elm. 
kLUVEBt8,pL Alms. EtutSuuex, 
Almbs-dish, 8, The dish in the 

old baronial hall, in which was 

pnt the bread set aside for the 

Almbsful, a^. Charitable. 
Almes-row, 8, A row of houses 

inhabited by paupers. 

Alao whenne eny pore man or womman 
is ded in WMalmyt-rewe, the seyd prysta 
to be redy to brynge the coors to 
churche, and there to abyde til hit be 
bnryed. Stratford MSS,, tern. H. 71. 

Almbssb, 8, (J,'N.) Alms. 
Almest, adv. Almost. 

And as he priked North and Est, 
I tel it yow hym had tUmeit 
Bityd a sory care. 

CJuauar, Tale of Sire Thopas. 

Almicantarath, 8. An astrologi- 
cal term, applied to a circle drawn 
parallel to the horizon. 

Meanwhile, with scioferical instrument, 
By way of azimuth and almieaHtarath. 

Albuuuuar i, 7. 

Almodx A, 8, An alchemical term for 

Almond-vor-a-parrot. Some tri- 
fle to amuse a silly person. A 
proverbial expression, which oc 
curs in Skelton and the writers 
of the Elizabethan age. 

Almond-butter, 8. The following 
is giyen as a receipt "to make 
almond-butter /' 

Blanch your almonds, and beat them as 
fine as you can with hiir water two or 
three hours, then strain them through a 
linnen cloth, boil them ^ith rose-water, 
whole mace, and aunise seeds, till the 
substance be thick, spread it upon a fair 
cloth, draining the whey Irom it, after 
let it hang in the same cloth some few 
hours, then strain it and season it with 
rose-water and sugar. 

True Omtlewoman*g Delight^ 1678. 

Almond-custard, «. Was made 

as follows : 

Take two pound of almonds, blanch and 
beat them very fine with rosewater, 
then strain them with some two quarts 
of cream, twenty whites of eggs, and a 
pound of double refined sugar; make 
the paste as aforesaid, and bake it in a 
mild oven fine and white, garnish it as 
before, and scrape fine suxar over all. 
The Queen's Royal Cookery, 1713. 

Almond-fobnacb, 8, At the silver 
mills in Cardiganshire, they have, 
or had, a particular furnace in 
which they melt the slags, or 
refuseof the lithurge not stamped, 
with charcoal only, which they 
call the a/monJ/«rnace. Kermett. 

Almond-milk, 8. Almonds ground 

and mixed with milk, broth, or 


The devil take me, I love yon so, that I 
could be content to allure wine for 
ever, and drink nothing but almond- 
milk for your sake. 

ShadweU, Bpsom-WeUi, 1873. 

Almonesrtb, 8. The almonry. 
Almose, 8, pL Alms. 
Almotn, 8, pi, (A.-N.) Alms. 
Alms-drink, «. Liquor of another s 

share which his companion drinks 

to ease him. Shaketp. 
Almsman, 8. A person who lives 

on alms | also, a charitable per* 




Almvkt, t. The upright part of 

an astrolabe. 

Almuslks, adj. Without alms. 

For thef is reve, the lond is penjles; 
For pride hath sieve, the lond is almuslei, 

Pol. Songs, p. 256. 

Almutk, «. A governing planet. 
An astrological term. 

Enumnily, ere his popular applause 
could hatch his ruine, upon conference 
with a witch that hee saw (by the aJmu- 
ien of his nativitr) short life attended 
him, growes f earrall of his syres incon- 
stancy. EerherVs Travels, 1638. 
Without a sign masculine? Dem. Sir, you 

mistake me : 
Yon are not yet initiate. The almuUs 
Of tlie ascendent is not elevated 
Above the almutet of the filial house : 
Ycnui is free, and Jove not yet combust. 
Btmdolpk*t JeaUms Loten, 1646. 

Almifluent, 9, {Lai.) Beneficent ; 
abounding in alms. 

Almtoht, adj. A not uncommon 
form of almighty. 

Alnath, 8, The first star in the 
horns of Aries, from which the 
first mansion of the moon is 
named. Chaucer, 

Alnbobor, 8, One of the king's 
ofiicers, says Cowell, who under- 
took the care of the assize of 
woolen cloth. Rider, in his 
IHciionariet 1640, explains it by 
the Latin word " ulniger." 

Alner, 8. (A.-N,) A purse, or bag 

to hold money. 

I wyll the yeve an alner, 
1-mad of sylk and of gold cler, 
Wyth fayre ymages thre. 

Launfal, 1. 819. 

Alnbway, adv. (A.^S.) Always. 

And therby heth he alneway the herte 
iue peyse, and the body govemeth by 
the wvlle of God. 
Ayimbiie oflwmt, MS. Arundel, 67, f. 36. 

AufiL, adv. And only. (?) 

Sertis, sire, not ic nojt; 
Ic ete sage alnil eras. 
More harm ne did ic no^ 

Pol. Songs, p. SOI. 

Aloes, 8, An olio, or savoury dish, 
composed of meat, herbs, eggs, 
and other ingredients, sometUng 

similar to the modem dish ol 

olives. See the Good Houte' 

wife* 8 Jewel f 1596. 
Alofe, V. (J.'N.) To praise. Morte 

Arthure. ^ttAlowe. 
A-LOFTE, adv. {A.'S.) On high. 

Iieve thow nevere that yon light 

Hem alofte biynge, 

Ne have hem out of belle. 

Piers PI, p. 878. 

Alooe, V. (A.-S.) To lodge; to 

pitch a tent. 

I am aloggit, thought he, best, howsoeviv 
it goon. Chaucer, ed. Urry, p. 697* 

Alooh, adv. {A.'S.) Below. 

Lewed men many tymes 
■ Maistres thei appoeen. 

Why Adam ne hQed noght first 
His mouth that eet the appul. 
Bather than his likame Mogh. 

Piers PI., ^.%4SL 

Aloot, 9. {Chr. dXoyia.) An ab- 
Alomba, 8. Tin. HoweU. 
Alond, adv. On land. 

Ah, the mansing is so ibroded, 
Tliah no preost alonde nere, 
A wi-ecche ueotlieles thu were. 

Owl and Nightingale, L 1301. 

And taketh his leave, and homeward saileth 

And in an ile, amidde the wilde see 

He made his shippe alond for to sette. 

Chaucer, Leg. Good Women, 1. 2164. 

Alone, adj. {A.-S.) One; single. 

Now, Jeshu, for thy hu</ name, 
Ase I ame but man alone. 
Than be my helpe to nyght. 

Torrent of Portugal^ p. 23. 


He made his mone 
Within a garden dl him oim. 

Gotoer, f. 26. 

Buthehathe lost alle but Grece; and 
that lond he holt alle-only. 

Maundevile, p. 8. 

Vigenius, or Ni^enius, was not kin^ 
but uloneUf Peredurus. 

Fabian*s Cirom., f. 31 

^adv. (A.'S.) Only. 




Somly leniiig to the strong pflor of holy 
•cripture, agayne the hcrfe college ot the 

LeXtut^t New Tetu't Qyfte. 

For the w^ll aUonehf is deedly Bynne. 
InsHlution of a Christen Mtuit p. 111. 

Whereof (omitting many things), my 
muse, alonely sav. 

Warner's Album's England, 1692. 

A.LOOF, adv. Nearer the wind. A 
sea term. See Hunter's Duqui' 
sition on the Tempestt p. 46. 

A.LONO, (1) adv. Slanting. Ox- 

(2) prep. Owing to. Var. dioL 
It is found in Chaucer. 

Alonge, v. {A.'S,) To long for. 
Piere Ploughman, p. 526. 

Tliis worthy Jaaon sore aUmgeth 
To le the straiuige regionis. 

Qower, MS. Soe. AnHq., f. 147. 

Alonost, prep. Along; length- 
wise. Somereet. It is found in 
the Elizabethan writers. 

Aloorke, adv. (A form said to be 

derived from the /«&ifuftc.) Awry; 

out of order. 

His heed in shap^e as by natures worke, 
Not one haire amisse, or lyeth aloorke, 
MS. Lansd., 208, f. 4. 

Alortno, 9. {A.'N.) A parapet 

wall. A form of alwre. 
A1.08E, 9. (1) {A.'N.aioser.) To 

praise; to commend. 

These ii. bisshoppes tofore that tyme 
were the most atosed bisshoppes among 
alle othere. Boh. QUme., p. 450, note. 

(2) {A.-S.) To loose; to make 
khosT^partp. Lost. A Somer- 
setshire word. 

When all England is aloste. MS. James. 

Alothen, 9. {J.'S.) To become 

Nes non so hot that hit na coleth, 
Ne non 10 hwit that hit ne soleth, 
Ne no5t so leof that hit ne aXotheth^ 
Ne nojt so Klad that hit ne awrotheth. 
Owl and Nightingale, 1. 1266. 

Alouoh, adv. Below. See Alogh. 
Alour, j; See Ahare, 

Ai^uTB, 1 V. {A.'S. alutmm.) To 

ALowTE, V bow; to pay obeisance. 

ALUTB, J Piers PL, p. 496. 

Ho that passeth the bregge, 
Hys armes he mot legce. 
And to the geaunt ahwte. 

lAfbeaMS Disconus, 1. 1254. 

That child that was so wilde and wlong. 
To me alute lowe. 

Betif. Antuj., U 101. 

Alowb, (1) adv. (A.'S.) Low down. 

(2) 9. To humble. 

Alowb, \v. (A.-N. aUouer.) To 

ALLOWE, J praise ; to approve. 

Gorsyd be he that thy werk at/neef 

Biehard Coer de Lion, 4662. 

For he hathe no knowen congregacion 
to reprove him or allows him. 

Sir T. Morels Works, p. 524 

Ai^YNE, V. {A.'N. ahigner.) To 

Alotse. (1) Alas! 

(2) A kind of precious stone. 

Book of Si. Albans, sig. f, i. 
Alpe, s. (1) (A.'S.) A bull.finch. 

Ficedula, an alpe. MS. Bodl, 604, f. 31. 

There was many a birde sineing, 
Thoroughout the yerde all inringing : 
In many plaois nightingales, 
And alpeSf and finches, and wodewales. 
Bom. of the Boss, 669. 

(2) (A.-S. elp.) An elephant. 
Alpes-bon, s. {A.'S. elpen-ban.) 

Alphabet, s. The index or list of 

contents to a book was formerly 

so called. 
Axpi, adj. (A.'S.) Single. 

A. quod the vox, ich wille the telle, 
On ahi word ich lie nelle. 

Beliq. Aniiq., ii, 275. 

Alpicke, s. a kind of earth. 

Cbtgrave, ▼, Chere4e. 
AlpurtHi s. a halfpenny-worth. 

MonasL Angl., i, 198. 

Alre, gen. pi. {A.'S.) Of alL 

Bidde we nre iHvedi, 

Swetest aire thinge, 
Tliat heo ure erende beore 
To then heoven kinge. 
MS. Cott., Calig., A. uc, f. 244 v^. 

Als, (1) eonj. (A.-S.) Also; ai{ 
likewise ; in like manner. 




(2) AVb, a contracted form of 
alithis, Dorset, 
Alsatia. a jocular name for the 
Whitefriars, in London, which 
was formerly an asylum for in- 
solvent debtors, and all such as 
had offended against the laws. 

Alsb, (1) «. The name Alice. 
(2) adv, {A.^S.) Also. 

The fowrthe poynt techyth iu ahCt 
That no mon to hys craft be false. 

Corni. cf Masonry y p. 23. 

Alssne, *. (^.-5.) An awl. EUin 
is still used in the North of Eng- 
land in the same sense. 

Also, (1) cmij, {J,-S, alswa.) As. 
(2) All saye; aU but. Midland 

Alsons, cot|/. As soon; imme- 

dUone as that childe y-borne is, 
It hath wytt or har i-wys, 
And may speken to his dame. 

K. JlUaunder, 1. 50^ 

Alstite, adv. (J,-S,) Quickly. 

Unto the porter speke he thoe, 
Sayd, To thi lord myn ernde thou go, 
Hasteli and ahtite. 

BohsoH's Bamances, p. 60. 

Alsuithe, eonj. (J,-S.) As soon 
as ; as quickly as. 

Alswa, eonj, (J.-S.) Also. 

Altamel, 9, A verbal or lump 
account, without particulars, 
such as is commonly produced at 
spunging-houses. A slang word. 

ALTBMETarE, t. The measuring 
of altitudes. 

Alter AGE, s, A fine or tax to the 
altar; one of the amends for 
offences short of murder. 

Alterate. V, {Lat.) To alter ; to 
change ; part, p, altered. 

ALTBRCAND,^ar^. a, (J,'N.) Con- 

Altern, adv. Alternately. Milton. 

Altham, 9. A slang term. In the 
FnUemityeqf Vacadondes, 1&75, 

the wife of a '* curtail " is said ta 
be called his altham. 

Alther, gen. pL of a/. Prefixed 
to adjectives. See Alder. 

Altrtcate, v. {Lat.) To contend. 

Aludels, 9. (A.'N.) Subliming- 
pots without bottoms, which 
fitted into each other, without 
luting. An alchemical term. 

Aluffe, adv. (J.-S.) Aloof; more 
nearly to the wind. 

Alure, "I *. {A.'N.) A gutter or 
alour, j channel behind the bat- 
tlements, which served to carry 
off the rain-water; sometimes, 
an alley, or passage from one 
part of a building to another; 
the parapet-wall itself. 

Up the alwrs of the castles the Inydes 

thanne stode. 
And byhuld thy s noble eame, and whyrhe 

knyjtes were gode. Boh. Glouc, p. 192. 

Alisaunder rometh in his toun. 
For to wissen his masons, 
The towris to take, and the torellis, 
Yawtes, alouris, and the corneris 

Kyng Alisaunder^ 1. 7210. 

Alutation, 8. {Lat.) Tanning of 

Alute, v. To bow. See Aloute. 
Alyisch, adj. {A.-S.) Elfish ; hav- 

ing supernatural power. 

Alway, adv. {A.-S.) Always. 

Tliereby a christall streame did gently play, 

Wiiich from a sacred fountaincM-elled forth 

alimy. Spenser's Faerie Queene, I, i, 34. 

Always, adv. However ; neverthe- 
less. North. 
Alweldand, "{adj. {A.-S. «/- 
alweldino, jicalda.) All-ruling; 

Iprai to grete God alweldand. 
That thai have noght the hegher hand. 
Ytoaine and Gawin, 1. 2199. 

Alwes, *. pi. Hallows ; saints. 
Aly, v. {A.-N.) Go. 

Aly ! he saide, aly blyve ! 

Kyng Alisaunder, 1. 4370. 

Alyche, adj. Alike. 

Alye, {\)v. {A.-N.) To mix. Set 


(2) t. Kindred; alliei. 




If I myglit of myn afytf ony ther lynde. 
It wold be grett joye onto me. 

Cotentry Mysteries, p. 145. 

Altbs. {A,-S.) Always. 

A-LTOHTBLY, odv. Lightly. 

AltkemeSi 8, Similarity. 

A-LTKB-wYSB,a£/v. In like manner. 

Altn, 9. A kind of oil. Skinner, 

Aly, 1«. a tent made of canvas. 
ALET, J See Hale. 

Altsson,«. (A.'N.) The herb mad- 
wort. Said by 11 uloet to be a cure 
for the bite of a mad dog. 

Alyz, ad/\ A term applied to some 
kind of cloth. A ** gown of green 
alyz cloth of gold, with wide 
sleeves/' occurs in a will of the 
date of 1439. TegL VetusL, p. 240. 

Am, pron. Them. 

Than sal he speke to tham in his wreth. 
And to-dreve am sal he in his breth. 

Fs. ii, 5, MS. Colt., Vesp., J), vii. 

Amable, adj. (A.'N.) Lovely. 

Amackily, adv. Partly; in some 

degree. North, 

A-iMAD, adj. Mad. 

Heo wendeth bokes nn-brad. 
Ant maketh men a moneth amad. 

Fol. Songs, p. 156. 

Amadbtto, If. A kind of pear. 
AMADOT, J Simner. 

A.MAIL, 8. Mail ; armour. 

Amaimox,*. In astrology, the name 
of a king of the East, one of the 
principal devih whose influence 
was to be guarded against from 
the third hour till noon, and from 
the ninth hour till evening. 
*'The chief whose dominion is 
on the north part of the infernal 
gulf." Holme. 

Amain, adv. (1) "With might; 

mightily ; plentifully. 

He said, and from his eyes the trickling 
teares ran downe amain. 

Phaer>s Virffil, p. 300. 

(2) Immediately; forthwith; for- 
wards. Shakesp. , 3 Henry /F, i v, 9. 

(3) All at once. A sea term. 
Amaister, 9, {A.'N.) To teach. 


Amaistbbn, v. {A,'N.) To over^ 

come ; to be master of. 

Ae the Holi Gost is the gnode leche the* 
amaystretk his ziknesse and chongeth 
his humours. JyenH*^ t^Inwit, 

And how I myghte mmatstren hem. 
And make hem to werche. 

Piers P/., p. 129. 

Amaloamino, 8, Mixing quick- 
silver with any metal. An alche- 
mical term. 
Amall, 8. Enamel. See AmeU, 
Amand. (1) V. (Lat,) To send away; 
to remove. 

Wherefore we do amand Dnke Humphrey's 

For their provision truly is o' th' least ; 
A dog doth fare much better with his bones 
Than those whose table, meat, and drink 

are stones. 

Gay ton. Art of Longevity, 1660. 

(2) 8. (Fr.) A fine; penalty. 

Amandation, 8. (Lat.) A message. 

Amano, prep, {A.-S,) Among. 

The lye5ere is amang the men ase the 
valse penyamon^ the gniode, ase the 
chef amang the com. Ayenhite ofjnwit 

AMANO-HANDs,<uf9. (1) Work donc 
conjointly with other business. 

(2) Lands belonging to different 
proprietors intermixed. Yori8h. 
Amansb, 1 v.(A,'S.aman8umiant 
AMAUNSE, I to excommunicate.) 
amonsi, J To interdict ; excomw 
rounicate ; or accurse. 
Hii amansede tho 
Alle thulke that derkes suche deipyte dude 

and wo, 
That no man, bote the pope one, hem 
asoyley ne mygte. 

With a penyles purs for to pleye, 
Lat scho can the pepu) amawns. 

Beliq. Antiq., i, 74. 

A-MANY, adj. Many people. 

A-many that I knewe 
Knighted in my remembrance, I beheld 
And all their names were in that Register. 
FeeWs Honour of the Garter, 1593. 

Amar, 9. To mar ; trouble. 

A-MARSTLED, part, p. Amazed ? 

Hnpe forth, Hubert, hosede pye, 
Icliot thart a-marstled into the mawe. 
J4frie Poetry, p. IIL 



Amartrv, v. To sacrifice ; make a 

martvr of. 
Amasednkhsb, 9. Amazement. 
AmasbfulLiO^p'. Frightened. Pai!»- 


A-MA8KED, adj. To go a'tnaaked, 
to wander or be bewildered. 

Am ATE, 9. {J,'N.) To daunt *, to 


Upon the walls, the pagans, old and yonng, 
Stood hush'd and still, ama/ed and amaz'd. 
Fairfax's Tasso, p. 248. 

Here the townsmen are amated, 
That their spire should be translated 
Unto Pauls ; and great's their labour, 
How to purchase so much paper 
To enwrap it, as is fitting, 
To secure their spire from spUttinfr. 
Drunken Barnaby. 

Amatorculist, 8, (from the Lat,) 
A wretched lover or galant. 

Amattstb, 8. Amethyst. Minsheu 
gives this form of the word, and it 
occasionally occurs in other writ« 
ers. Rider has the form amatef. 

Amawst, adv. Almost. West 

Amatk, v. {A.'N, e8mayer,) To 


Pors weneth that y am amaUd, 
For his gwinris me hnn bytraied. 

K. Jiisaunder, \, 734o. 

Ambagr, 8. (Lat. ambages), pL am- 
bagie8. Circumlocution. It is used 
as a verb, apparently meaning to 
travel round, in the Morte d' Ar- 
thur, i, 135. 

Epigramma, in which every mery con- 
ceited man might, without any long 
atudie or tedious ambofftf make his 
ftvnd sport, and anger his foe, and give 
a prettie nip, or shew a sharpe conceit 
in a few verses. 

Puttenham, Art ofFoene, L i, eh. S7. 

We have now lieard much of the abuses 
reigning in Aligns; but now setting 
aparte the amlmgia, and superfluous 
vagaries, I pray you describe, sec. 

Stubba's Anatomy of Ahvset^ p. 43. 

Ambagious, adj. Tedious ; wan- 
dering from the purpose. 

AmBASSADE, 1 / > xr\ A 
AMBASSAoi. lf(^-^)^"««»- 

Ambassador, «. A game fotmerly 
played by sailors to duck a lands- 
man. " A large tub is filled with 
water, and two stools placed on 
each side of it ; over the whole is 
thrown a tarpaulin, or old sail ; 
this is kept tight by two persons, 
who are to represent the king 
and queen of a foreign country, 
and are seated on the stools. 
The person intended to be ducked 
plays the ambassador, and after 
repeating a ridiculous speech dic- 
tated to him, is led in great form 
up to the throne, and seated 
between the king and queen, who 
rising suddenly as soon as he is 
seated, he falls backward into the 
tub of water.'* Grose, 

Ambassatrie, a. {A.-N.) An en. • 

Amber, v. To scent with amber* 
gris. See Ambergrise. 

Ambbr-cawdle, 8, A preparation 
of ambergrease, of an aphrodisiac 
character. See Ambergrise, 

Yon may talk of your amber-eawdfes, 
chocolate, and jelly-broths, but they are 
nothing comparable to youth and. 
beauty; a yonne woman is the only 
provocative for old age, I say. 

Raventerofl, London Cttckolds, 

Amber-dats, 8, The ember days. 

Ambergrise, \8. (Fr, amber 
ambergrease, J jTtffliterallygrey 
anil>er, from its colour and per- 
fume.) This substance was for- 
merly much used in wines, sauces, 
and perfumes. It was consi- 
dered also as an aphrodisiac. It 
was sometimes called merely 

Tis well, be sure 
The wines be lusty, high, and fall of spirit. 
And amber'd all. 

B. andFl, Cust. of Country, iii, 3. 

I had clean forgot; we must have amber* 

The greyest can be found. 0. PL, vii, 167. 

Milton has inverted the word : 

— Meats of noblest sort, kc., 
Gris-aMber §teem*d. Far.Beff.,u,^iL 




Ambes-as, \8 {ji.'N.) The low- 


IE, J 

AMES-ACE, J est throw on the 
dice ; two aces ; figuratively, bad 
JoJiuB the emperonr with strong power 

Two )er aftnr the hataile, to Engdond 

»ien draw, 
And thoQjte ale aJ that folk, and wyime 

this kyndom, 
Ac he cast therof ambes-as tho he to londe 

com. Bob. GUme.y p. 61. 

I had rather he in this choice, than 
throw ameM-aee for my life. 

Shakesp., JlFs Well, ii, 6. 

Ambidexter, «. (Laf.) A kind of 
Vicar of Bray. " That j uror that 
taketh of both parties for the 
giving of his verdict." CowelL 

Ambiou, 9, (Fr,) An entertainment 
in which all dishes are mixed to- 
gether, instead of regular courses. 

Ambilogt, 8, {LaL) An equivocal 

Ambition ATE, adf. Ambitious. This 
word is given by Minsheu, in bis 
Guide into Tongues, 1627. 

Ambitudb, 8, {Lat.) The circum- 

Amblbrb, 8, {J,'N, amdleure.) An 

Ambolife, adj. Oblique. 

And take gode kepe of this chapiter of 
arisinge of celestiall bodyes, for ther 
truBteth wel that neither mnne neither 
sterre in our ambolife orizout. 

Ckaueer, ed. Urry, p. 445. 

Ambrose, 8. {Lat,) Wild sage. 

Some slovens from sleeping do sooner 
be up. 

But hand is in aumMe, and nose in the cup. 

Tusier, 1573. 
By that time he came thither, he had 
but three of his herrings left ; for, by the 
way, lie fell into the tliievish hands of 
mal(H>ntents and of hmce-knights, by 
whom he was not only robbed of all his 
K oney, but was fain to redeem his life 
beside with the better part of his an^ 
■Clwimished fishes. 

NMihe't Lenten Sti^e, 

9, \UUl*) WlIU B«gC. 

1 8.{A.-N.){\) Acup- 
! board, a pantry; any 

(2) The almonry was sometimM 

so called, the alms being kept in 

an om^ry. 

The place wherein this chapel and 
alms-house standeth was called the 
Elemosinary, or almonry, now oorraptly 
the ambry^ for tliat the alms (rf the 
Abbey were there distributed to the 
poor ; and therein Islip, abbot of West- 
minster, erected the irst press of book- 
printine that ever was in England, 
about tbe year of Christ 1471. 

Stowe's Survey qf London. 

Ambuler, 8. {A.'N.) An ambling 

horse ; an ambler. 
Amburt ». {A.'S. ampre, a swollen 

vein.) A disease in horses' legs. 

SHfmer. See Anberry. 
Ambuscado, 8. {^an.) An ambus- 
Ambusion, 8, An abuse. 
Ambust, adj, {Lat,) Burnt. 
Ambynowre, 8. An almoner. MS. 

(f \hth cent, 
Ame, 1 (1) V. {A,'N. aemer, ae8- 
aime, j mer, which represented 

the Lat. tBstimo.) To guess; to 

think ; to tell. 

Of men of armes bold the numbre thei anUy 

A thousand and tuo hundred told of Crist«n 

mei! bi name. Feter Langtoft, p. 238. 

No mon up<»n mold mi^t ayme the noumber, 
Al that real aray reken scbold men never. 
Will and the Werwolf, p. 58. 

Yes, wytli good handelyng, as I ayme, 
Even by and by, ye shall her reclaynie. 

Commune Secretary and Jalow9ye. 

(2) 8. {A.-S. ifpmj breath, va- 
pour.) The spirit ; breath. 

Elin that giem it sochte-. 
And til ur note nu havia it brohte^ 
Soo delte it wislic als sco wilde. 
That alle this werde it is fulfilde 
Of the ame, and of the smelle ; 
Forthi es gode thar of to telle. 

Edinburgh MS. quoted by Boucher 

Amee, 8. {A.-N.) The herb ameo8. 

Ameked, part, p. Pacified; lite- 
rally, made meek. 

Amel, 8. {A.'N.) Enamel. 

Heav'ns ridiest diamonds, set in amel 
white. Fletch., Purple Isl, x, 33. 

The ammell is so faire and fresh of hew. 

As to this day it seemeth to be new. 

Jn ouidjadoned lopc, by J, T., 1594 




He teems a full studen^ for lie it a 
great desirer of controversies ; he argues 
sharply, and carries bis conclusion in bis 
scabbard, in the first refining of man- 
kind this was the gold, bis actions are 
his ammel, his allav (tor else yon cannot 
work him perfectfy), continual duties, 
heavy and weary' marches, lodgings 
88 full of need as cold diseases. 

Overbury*s Ckaraeters. 

Nener mine eies in pleasant Spring behold 

Hie azure flax, the gildeu marigold, 

The violet's purple, the sweet rose's 

The lillie's snowe, and pansey'i yariona 

ammell. Sylvester's Du Bartas, 

Amel-corn, t. (j4,-S.) a kind of 
corn, " of a middle size betwixt 
wheat and barlie, unlike alto- 
gether unto winter wheat whereof 
we last spake, but of a sort and 
facultie like unto spelt." Mark" 
ham*8 Countrey Farmer 1616. 
Gerard calls it the starch-corn, a 
species of spelt. 

Amell,!^^. Between ; as " ameU 
one and two o'clock.'' Boucher 
gives the phrase amell-duirs, 
which signifies the passage be- 
tween two doors in a Cumber- 
land farm-house, built according 
to the old style. 

Amelyd, pari. p. Enamelled. 

Amenaob, r. (A.'N.) To manage; 
to direct by force. Spenser. 

Amenancb, ». (-^.-iST.) Behaviour; 

Soone after did the brethren three advance. 
In brave aray, and goodly amenance. 

denser, F, C-, IV, iii, 5. 

A.nd with grave speedi and grateful 

Himself, his state, his ipouse, to them 


Fletcher's Purp. Is.» xi, 9. 

Amendable adj. (perhaps for ame- 
nable.) . Pleasant. 

Amenden, adv. A sort of oath, 
equivalent to a plague, or a more 
gross word now disused. "Where 
amenden ar yeow a gocn?" A 
Suffolk word. 

Amendment, t. Dung or eompott 
laid on land. Kent. 

Amends, #. {A.-N.) An addition 
put into the scale of a balance, to 
make just weight. 

Ambne, adj. {Lai. am<Bnu8.) Plea- 
sant; consenting. 

Amenne, v. To amend. 

As Me be wont, crborowe we crare^ 
Your life to amenne Christ it sare. 

Som. oj the Rose, 7496. 

Amense, t. Amends. Skelton. 

Ament,«. {Lai. amentum.) A thong; 
a string. This word occurs in 
Cockeram's English Dictionarie, 

Amenuse, v. {A.'N. amenuser.) 
To diminish. 

The fame amenuse of so noble a knight. 

Boehas, f. S9. 

His mercy is snrmonntin? of foyson. 
Ever encreaseth without amenusing. 

AME0S,t.(^.-iV.) Theherbbishop's- 

Ameral. See Admiral. 

Amerawd, t. An emerald. 

Amerawdes, 8. The hemorrhoids. 

Amerce, "I ». {A.-N. amercier.) 
amercy, J To punish with a pe- 
cuniary penalty ; to inflict a fine 
or forfeiture ; to punish, in gene- 

And though ye mowe amercjf hem, 
Lat mercy be taxour. Piers PI., p. 119. 

But I'll amerce you with so strong a fine. 
That you shall all repent 

Borneo and Juliet^ iii, 8. 

Amerciament, t. {A.'jS)) An 

arbitrary mulct. 

To the archbishoD belonged the amercia^ 
ment of bloudshed, from such tyme as 
they cease to say alleluja at the church 
service, till the octaves of Easter. 

Lambarde's Peramb. cfKent. 

AM^vLR,adv.{A.N.ameir.) Fiercely. 

Dariadas, Daries brother. 

He hadde y-slawe on and othir. 

Tauryn and Hardas he slowe with spere. 

With sweord ryden he dud ameret 

In this strong fyghtyng cas. 

He mette with itelmadas. 

Kjfng Jluasmder, 4437. 




AifKmsLLs,«.(i^.-iV.) An umbrella. 

Amsbrb, ')v.{j4.-S.ainyrranfamer' 

AMS&B, J ran, to mar.) To mar ; 

to spoil ; to destroy. 

The wir had the tale i-herd 
And thoughte well to ben amerei; 
And saide, " Sire, thou hait oatxage 
To leve a pie in a kageV* 

Seuyn SageSt L S966. 

He ran with a drawe swerde 

To hys mamentrye. 
And all hys goddys ther he atnerredtt 

With greet envye. OcUmaHf L 1307. 

Amers, t. Embers. York$h, 
Amervaile, v. (A,'N.) To marvel ; 
to be surprised. 

By meane whereof, the kynge's death 
was blowen into the citye, and after 
Qnto the eares of Chilpericus, whereof 
be was not amenayUdt nor wolde to it 
geve fenne credence. Trevita, I. 97. 

Ames-ace. See Jmbei^at. 
Amese, v. {A,'N,) To calm. "Amete 

you," calm yourself. Townley 

My9t, p. 194. 
Amesse, 8. The amice. 
Amxt, s. (A,-S,) An ant. 

So thycke hii come, that the lond over al 

hii gonne fulle, 
Al thvcke as ametm crepeth in an amete 

hvlle. Boh. Gloue., p. 296. 

Ambthodical, adj. (Gr,) Without 

method; irregular. 
AifBTisED, pari, p. Destroyed. 

Ameyb, v. {A,-S,) To move. 
Amfbactuous, adj, (Lat) Full of 

Ami A 8. The city of Amiens. 




t. (A.'N.) One of the 
sacerdotal vestments ; a 
piece of fine linen, of an 
oblong square form, 
which was formerly worn on the 
head until the priest arrived be- 
fore the altar, and then thrown 
back upon the shoulders. 


Amtdon, t. Fine wheat-flower 
steeped in water; then strained, 
and let stand until it settle at 

the bottom ; then drained of the 

water, and dried at the sun ; used 

for bread, or in broth, it is very 

nourishing ; also, starch made of 


Amidwabd, ado, (A.'S.) In the 


And amydward the place 
He mette with Nycolas. 

Kyng AHtaunder, 1. 987. 

Amil, t. Starch. 

Of^wheate is made amylj the making 

whereof Oato and Dioscorides teacheth. 

Gooffe's Rtuhondrie, 1568. 

Amiled, part, p. (A,'N.) Ena^ 

Amillieb, t. (A.-N.) An almond* 


The briddes in blossoms thet beeren wd 

On olyves, and amyUurSt and al kyude Cf 

The popejayes perken, and pmynen for 

On peren and pynappel thgr joyken in 

pees. FistUl of Susan, st. 7. 

Aminish, V, (A,-N.) To diminish. 
Ami RE, V. {A,'N.) To assist; to 

remedy. Chaueer. 
Amis, v, (A.-N,) To miss ; to fail. 

Amisse, t. A fault. 

I wretch, too late, do sorrow my amis. 
Six Old Flays, p. 17» 
Yet love, thou'rt blinder than thyself ia 

To vex my dove-like friend for my amiss. 

JhtiuSy Eleg.t xiv, 29. 

He told the erring their amisse, and taught 
them to amend. 

Wamer*s Albwn^s England, 1599. 

Amission, t. {Lat.) Loss. 
Amit, (1) See Amice, 

(2) V. To admit. 

(3) r. {Lat.) To lose. 
Amitte, ». {A.-N.) To set one's self 

to a thing. 

Amiture, 8. {A.'N.) Friendship. 

Thow, he saide, traytour, 
Yusturdiiy thow come in amUmrs, 
Y-armed so on of rayne, 
Me byliynde at my cliyne 
Smotest me with thy spere. 

Kyng AUsoMnd^r, 8971 




Ambcat, ff A luncheon. K est, 
Ammis. See Amice. 
Amner, 8. An almoner. 
Amnicolist, s. {Lat.) One who 

dwells on the banks of a river. 
Amnigenous, adj» {Lat,) Gene- 
rated in riyers. 
Amod, adv. Amid. Langtoft, 
Amond, 9. {Fr.y An almond. Min' 

Amoneste, "I r. {A.'N, ampnea- 
AMMONESTE, f ter.) To adiTionisH. 
Amonestement, 8. {A.-N.) Advice ; 

Amonge, adv. (A.-S.) Amidst ; at 
. intervals. Ever amorge, from 

time to time, ever at intervals. 
Amonsi. See Amanse. 
Amoost, adv. Almost. West, 
Amorge, \adv. {A.-S.) On the 
. amorege, J morrow. See^moru;^. 
A.MORAYLE. See Admiral. 
Amorette, 9. (A.'N.) (1) A love 


(2) A love-motto ? 

YoT not i-cladde in silke was he. 
But all in flouris and flourettes, 
I-paintid all with amorrttes. 

Horn, of the Base, 892. 

Amorist, 8, An amorous person ; 

a lover. 

O fte 1 you look not, like an amorist ; that 
face Mould frijrht her. 

CarleWs Passionate Lovers, 1655. 

Consume your timorous cringin«; amorists, 
tliat would possess their lieav'n, but dare 
not bleed for't. 

Jhirfey, Madam Fickle, 1676. 

Amoroso, 8. (Hal.) A lover. 

No-body many times maketli the ^ood 
man cuckliold, for thougli his wives 
amoroso have beene at home all day, 
yet if hee aske who hatli beene there, 
she answeretb suddenly, nobody, who 
should, be here, I say agaiue, swecte 
kai-t, nobody. 
Rich Cabinet fitmished with Varietie 
of Excellent Diseriptions, 1616. 

AvioKTf adv. (Fr.) Dejected; dead. 

See Alamort. 
Amortise,!?, (y^.- AT.) (l)Toamor- 

tise; to give property in mort- 

mun. Pier8 PL 

(2) To kill, or deaden. 

But for als moche as the goode werkfi 
that men don whil thay ben in good Ml 
ben amortised by synae folwyng, and 
eek sith tliat alle the goode weVkes that 
■ten doon whil tliay ben in dedly synne, 
been outrely deede as for to have the lif 
perdurable. Chaucer, Fersones T. 

A140RTI8BMBNT, «. The act of eoiB- 
mitting lands to mortmain. A 
longer explanation is given by 
Skinner, in his Etymologieon^ 

Amorwe, -| ^ .j^g^ Q ^1 

amorewb, ^ ' . ., ^ 

' > morrow : m the 
amorge, ' 

amorwknJ ■"»'""•«• 

Wei jerne he wille tlie bidde and praie. 
That thou come am^rewe and plaie. 

Ftorice and Blanchefiour. 

And thu thai served him never so faire, 
Atnonoen seltold another pair. I^ 

So suart so eni crowe amortoe is fot was. 

Itob. Glouc, p. 49a: 

Amountk, (1) V. (^A.'N,) Ta 

amount to; to be. 

Lordyng», %uod he, ther is ful many 
a man that erieth weyre, werre, that 
wot ful litel what werre amownte'k. 

Chaucer, T. of Metibens 

(2) part. p. Smeared. An error 

of the scribe for anointe. 

And I Mill goe gaither slyclie. 
The sliippe for to caulke'andpyche; 
Aniounte yt muste be with sticlie, 
Borde, tree, find pynne. 

Chester Pla^s, 1,47. 


8. (A.'N.) Love ; a 
'love affair. 

Amountment. t. 



He lukcd tip unto tlie loure. 
And nierily sang he of amowre. 

Sevyn Sages, 29A3. 

Amove, v. To move; to move 
away from. 

Amper, 8. (A.-S. amprey a swollen 
vein.) An inflamed swelling. 
East. A rising scab or sore, 
also a vein swelled with cor- 
rupted blood. Essex. A fault, a 
defect, a flaw ; a fault or flaw in 
linen or woollen cloth. In 
Somerbetshire^ a person oovcffed 




wilh pimples is said to be ampery. 
The word is applied in the Eastern 
Counties to signify weak, or un- 
healthy; in Sussex, to cheese 
beginning to decay; and some- 
times to decayed teeth. An 
ampre-at^, a decayed tooth. 

JImphibologicai., ac^. (Gr.) Am- 

Amphi BO LOGIC, 8, (Gr.) Ambi- 
guous language. Chaucer, 

Ampls, (1) 9. (^supposed to be cor- 
rupted from amble.) To go. 

(2) adj, (LaL) Liberal ; generous. 

(3) t. {A.'N,) Au ampulla, or 

vessel for ointment. SetjimpuUe, 

The fifth pawn, that is set before the 
queen, siKHifieth the physician, spicer, 
and apothecary, and is formed in the 
figure of a man ; aud he is set in the 
chair as a master, and holdeth in his 
right hand a book; and an 4tmple, or a 
box with ointment, in his left hand; and 
at his girdle his instruments of iron and 
of silver, for to make incisions, and to 
search wounds aud huits, and to cut 
apostumcs. Caxtotiy Ganu of Chesse. 

Ahplbct, v. {Lat.) To embrace. 
Ampliate, V, {Lat.) To amplify. 
Ampolt. See Ampulle, 
Ampot, 8. A hamper. Shropsh. 
Ampret, adj, (A.-S.) Faulty ; de- 
fective; spoiled ; decayed, applied 
to cheese, &c. Kent. Susuex, See 
Amptb, 8. {A.'S, temette.) An 

Ampullb, 1 t. (A.'N.) A small 
AMPOLT, > vessel for holding oint- 
AMPLB, J ment, holy-water, &c. 

A. boUe and a bagge 

He bar by his syde, 

An hundred of ampulUs 

On his hat seten. jPier* PL, p. 109. 

Amsel, 8, A blackbird. Var. dial. 

Amserey, t. (a corrupt form.) A 

consistory court. 

A MTY, 1 ad;. (A.-S. amti, eemtig.) 

AMPTT, J Empty. 

Ja^ place he made aboute, and folc fieu 
\jm £wte. Bob. OUme., p. 17. 

AifURCB, 8. (Lat. amwrea.) Dregp 

or lees of oil. 
Amurcosity, t. The quality of 

having lees. 
Amuse, o. To amuse, according 

to the cant dictionaries, is to 

fling dust or snuff into the eyes of 

the person intended to be robbed. 
Xmw AST, adv. Almost, Nor than^t, 
Amwoast, adt. Almost. Wilt8, 
Amy, 8, {A,-N.) in the feminine 

amye, amie,ameye. One beloved; 

a lover, or a mistress ; a friend* 

He Toidud the chanmbre of many nchoo. 
For he saide, in that nyght, Ammoii 
Scholde come to theo lady. 
And beon hire leof »nnf, 

i. ARsaunder, I S20. 

He askid what hire greved so ? 
Scheo saide heo was amtye 
To Ammon the god of pleye. 

/*.,!. 37«. 

An, (i) v. To have. Lame, 

Well Mr Cunstable, sed Justice, Whot 
an ye brought me neaw P Tim Bobbin, 

{2)8. {A.'S., from cnmin, to dwell.) 

A dwelling ; a house. 

Nou beth therinne that riche toure 
Four and twenty maidenes boure. 
So wele were that ilke man. 
That mijte wonnen in that an. 

Flor. 4md BUmcJf. 

(3) One. North. 

(4) A. See A, 

(b) prep. {A..S.) On. 

(6) conj. Than. North and Eaet. 
It is found in the Cur8or Mundi, 
a poem written in a very broad 
Northern dialect; but there it 
has the form and. 

(7) If. 

(8) And. 

(9) Of. Northampt. **l yerd 
nothing an it,'' I heard nothing 
of it. 

An? What? Whether? Devon. 

Anack, t. A provincial name for 

some kind of fine oaten bread. 

Also with this small meale, oatemealc, is 
made in divers countries size several! 
kindes of very good and wholesome 
bread, every one finer then other, aa 
your anacJc$y janacks, and such like. 
MarkhoM** Engluh House-wl/e, 16^9, p. 340. 



Anadbm, ff (Or J) A chaplet; a 

Upon this Joyfnll day, some dainty cliapleta 

Some others choeen out, with fingers neat 

and fine, 
Brave tuutdems doe make : some baoldricks 

np do bind : 
gome, garlands : and to some, tlie nosegaiet 

were assign'd. 

J)ra]ftoH*s Folyolbum, tomg IS. 

Anadebm, t. {Gr.) A band to tie 

. up wounds. Mimheu, 

Anagnostian, t. (Gr.) **A curate 
that senreth onely to reade, 
or a Clarke or scoUer that read- 
eth to a writer or his master." 

Ana60oical» mIJ, (Gr.) Pertain- 
ing to the Scriptures. This word 
is given by Minsheu, in his Guide 
into TongueSt 1627. 

Anairmit, 04^'. Armed. Gaiwayne, 

Analem, 9. \Gr.) An instrupoent 
for finding the course and eleva- 
tion of the sun. Minaheu, 

An-all, adv. Also. 

Anamsld, adj. Enamelled. 

Anaicet, s. a luncheon. Hamp$. 

Anamorphosis, t.((rr.) A change 
of form. 

Anamourd, adf. Enamoured. 
^MSS. of Uth and Ibtk 

Anan, adv. (1) How? What did 
you say ? It has been observed 
that mid tamanj in Anglo-Saxon, 
means *'¥rith permission" and 
unnan is, to yield as a favour; 
so that atMu (more properly 
annan) seems to be an elliptic 
expression, like the French 
** Plait'il ?*' meaning ** may I ask 
the favour of your saying it 
again ?" 

(2) A corruption of anon, imme- 

Ananobr, v. To incense. 

And when the eraperonre harde tlus, 
he was greatly amoved, and sore an- 
tmgend^ VirgHiu$t ed. Thmm, p. 13. • 


ad9, (from on or 
t», and adven» 
tures,) In case 
that; lest that) 
if; perad venture. 




Anger nonld let him speak to the tree, 
Mmiunler his rage might coded be. 

Spenser's Shepherd^ s CetUmieit, 
For lObge durst he nut abyde, 
humnUr if men woU seyne. 
That he his sister hath forleyne. 

Qower de (kntf. Jm.y f. 48. 

An APES, t. Cloth ; apparently some 
fine kind of fustian^ which word 
is usually joined with it. 
His dooblet sleerex of black woorsted ;. 
upon them a payr of poToets of tawny 
cbamblet, laced along the wreast wyth 
bin tlireeden points; awealttowurd the 
hand of fustian anaves. 

Idtnekam's Aeeount of the Q»een*s Bnter» 
tmnmeiU at KiUingworlh Castle. 

Testis heteromalla lanea, ^rtp^fioAAoc 
io^is, De tripe, de chamois veloutA. 
A garment of rastion andtpes, of vellure, 
of tuft mockado. Nomenelator, 1685. 

Anarwb, V, (^.-5.) To narrow, 

or constrain ; to render timid. 

He makitb heom way with scharpelannce. 
Thy men anarteith toy continaunce. 

Myng Jlisaunder, 1. 8346. 

Anatrbmatism, 9. (Gr.) A curse. 

In tiie primitive church though in their 
councils they were not backward to pass 
anathematistns on everything that uiey 
judged heresies, he. 
Bwrnet's Hist, i^ B^ormaium, fol., p. 8S. 

Anatomy, t. A skeleton. 

Anauntrins, adv. Perhaps; if so 
be. North. See Anantree, 

Anberry, 1 t. (A.^S. ampre.) (1) 
ANBURY, J A disease in turnips. 
It is a large excrescence, which, 
forming itself below the apple of 
the turnip, grows sometimes to 
the size of both the hands; and, as 
soon as the hard weather sets in, 
or it is, by its own nature, 
brought to maturity, it becomes 
putrid, and smells very oflTen- 

(2) A kind of spongy wart, full of 
blood, gi'owing upon any part ol 
a horse's body. 




AvBLBRS, t. (for amUere.) An 
ambling nag. 

The mcyr atod, ai ye may here. 
An d saw li^m come ride up anhlere. 

Launfal, 93. 

A:sBY,adv, Some time hence; in 

the evening. Somenet, 
Ancab, «. A hermit. SeeJnehor. 
ANCEANDVt adv. Anciently. 
For men may oppen and se thmgh thii kay, 
Wat has been Mceamdey and sail be aye. 

Clans SeieiUiif, If .^. 

Akcesboub, 9. Au ancestor. 

Anchaisun, t. {A.'N.) Reason; 

' cause. See Eneheaon, 

Anchanteor, t. An enchanter. 

Anchilation, t. Frustration. 

Anchor, (1) t. An abbreviation of 

anchoret, a hermit. 

To desperation tarn my trait aad hope, 
An anchor's cheer in prison be my scope. 
Skaiap.» HmmI, iii, 2. 

Sit seven yeares pining in an oHchor't 
eieyre. HtUl, Sat^ h. iv, «. 2. 

(2) t. A Dutch liquid measure, 
or cask, often used by smugglers 
to carry their brandy on horse- 
liack. See the notes of the com- 
mentators on Merry Wives of 
Windsor, i, 3. See-^ii*cr. 
(a) V. To hold like an anchor. 
(4) t. The chape of a buckle. 
North. It is also in use in Gloti- 

Anchor-vrost, t. Ice found far 
below the surface of the water in 
a running stream. Leicest, 

Anchobidge, «. The porch of a 
church, particularly that belong- 
ing to the cathedral of Durham. 

Anchuse, t. (Lai,) The name of a 
plant ; ox-tongue. 

Ancian, adj\ Aged. 

Ancient, 1 *. (1) (A.-N, ancien, 

AUNCiENT, J ancient.) An elder, 

(2) (Fr. easigne, an ensign, or 

banner.) The flag or ensign of a 

regiment or of a ship. 

I am appointed to fight against a snail, 
▲ad Wilkin Wren the ancient shall beare. 

Ten time0 more dishonowably xaggiA 
than an old fac'd «iici«M^. „ . . 

1 Henry /''. iv. S. 

¥U1 of holes, like a shot ancient. 

The Furitant i, 9. 

It was a spectacle extremely delightful 
to behold tlie jacks, the pendants, and 
the andents sporting in the wind. 

J>on Quixote, ed. 1687, p. ^69. 

(3) The standard-bearer. 

Please your grace, my andent; 
A man he is of honesty and trust. 

Othello, i, 9. 

1^ one laco, andent to the general. 

76., ii, 4. 

Ancienty, "It. Antiquity. In 
AXJNCiENTT, J Writers of the 16th 
Ancillb, t. (!«/.) A maid-servant. 

So fortunate, that I myhte of rihte 
Do trewe servvce, as ancille ever insihte. 
Lydgat^s Minor Focms, p. 87. 

Anclb-bonb, «. A name given by 
sailors to the prickly lobster. 

Ancle-jacks, t. Pieces of leather 
put round the ancle a little above 
the shoe, tying in front. Norfolk. 
In Derbyshire this name is ap- 
plied to a rough sort of shoes 
which tie above the ancle. 

Anglers, t. Ancles. ShropsK 

Anclet, 8. (1) The ancle. North. 
(2) A gaiter. 

Anclifp, *. The ancle. North. 

Anclowb, t. (A.-S. aneleow.) The 

Ancome, 1 «. (A.'S.) A small ul- 

ONCOME, y cerous swelling, forni- 

UNCOME, J ed unexpectedly. See 


I have seen a little prfck no bigger than 
n pin's head, welling bigjter and *>'K|«. 
till it came to aa aneome. O. F., w, SWb. 

Ancony, s. a terra in the iron 
works for a blooin, wrought into 
the figure of a flat iron bar, 
about three fe^t in length, with 
a square rough knob on each end. 
Kennett, In Staflfordahire ont 

ANC 70 

if tBete knobs is called the «n- 
eony-endf the other the moekei- 
Ancrb, t. {A.-N.) An anchor. 

AnCRKSSB, 1 (^^^j ^ fg^^g 

ANCRBS, V anchoret or hermit. 


And asking wbT she nnnt be kept 8 slare. 
Or how she hatu deMnr'd so strict a doome, 
To be 80 young put in her marble grave, 
(For whata a prison, but a liTing toombe?) 
Or for what cause she may no husband hare. 
But live an mtcresae in so strict a roome, 
Knowing hwselfe a princesse ripe aiid 

Wrougd (as she thinkes) not to be 
married yet. 

Great Ritainet Troye, 1609. 

Anctlb, 9, A kind of jaYelin or 
dart, or the leather thong with 
which it is thrown. PkiUips, 

And, eo»|^'. If. 

ANr AWfCor^', And all; as well; 
likewise. North. Somerset 

Wl' craekin, and jwokin, and brt^n, 
And fratchin, and feightin and aw ; 

Sec glorious fun and divarsion 
\¥as ne'er seen in castle or haw.** 
Anderson*t Cumberland Bal ads, p. 91. 

Andb, «. (said to be derived from 
the DanUh.) Breath. SeeAande. 

Tliai rested than a lite! stound, 
Yot to tak thair ande tham tiU. 

Fioaine attd Gatcin, 3555. 

Andblono, adv. {A.-S.) Length- 

Andbrsbias, 9. The mass or festi- 
val of St. Andrew. Ybrksh, 

Andbrsmbat, %. An afternoon's 

Andbsith, adv. {A.-S.) Previ- 

Andirons, 1 s, (A.-S.) The or- 

AUNDiRONS, >namental irons on 

AUNDEiRYS, J esch sidc of the 

hearth in old houses, which were 

accompaDied with small rests for 

the ends of the logs. 

Andulees, t. (Fr. andouillet.) 
Puddings made of hog's guts and 

AidDURi coiff. {Dan.) Either. 



pr9iu{A.'S,) Other. 



As I me weit this andyr9 day, 
Fast on my way makyng my moite, 

Ib a mery mornyng of May, 
Be Buutley bankes myself alone. 

Ballad of True Thomas. 

Ane, (1) t. (AS.) The beard U 

corn. See Aane, 

Flaxen wheats hotb a yelow eare and 
bare without amff. Polard whetc hath 
no anif. White whete hath awfs. Bed 
wheute hath a flat eare fnl t^ emit. 
English wheate hath few mny* or none. 
litxherberf^ Hnabatubj, L 20. 

(2) adj. (A.'S,) One. 

That es made als a quamer Btaw> 
For im nudce t«in fukis ane. 

Cureor MtnuR^ MS. 

CSokwold no man I wyll reprert. 
For I ame erne, and aske no ievQ, 
For all my rent and londys 
Cohcold's ' 

(3) adv. Alone. *^Bibyme«ie/' 
by himself alone. 

(4) A. 

Alast thou seli Frannee, for the may 

thunche shome, 
That ane fewe fuUaris maketh on so tome.. 
FoUtietU S(mgs, p. IM. 

(5) a^. Own. North. 

(6) V. To aim at. Somertet* 

(7) prep. On. 

(8) V. To dwell. MS. qf 15/A 

Aneaoust, ^«y. Near to; almost. 

Anear, {\)prep. Near. SomeneL 

(2) V. (A.'S.) To approach. 
Anearst, 1 jE7rq9. (A.'S.) Near. 

ANBAST, J Eaemoor. 
ANTtATBf prep. Beneath. North. 
Anbbak, adv. Aback. Cfawayne. 
Anede, part. p. of ofine, to unite. 

United ; made one. 
Anbdbl, «. (^.-iSL) One part. 

Tl he the stede was opon. 
He gave anedef of his fon. 

Arthour and MerKn, 1. 4033. 

Anb-rnd, 1 adv. {A.-S.) On one 

anind, I end ; upright ; rearing. 

ANNENO,J applied to afo'ir-footdL 




animal ; perpetnany, eTermore, in 

Cheshire. !^neend is used simply 

for on end, in Northampt. 

A.KEHEDE, «. (A.-S.) Unity. 

Anblace, 1 t. {Med. Lai. tme" 

ANLACB, >lacita.) A kind of 

ANLAs, j knife or dagger, worn 

at the girdle. 

Aa anku and a gipser al of silk 
Heag at his gerdul, whit as morne inylk. 

Chaucer, Cant. 2^,359. 

Anelate, V, To gape. 

Anelb> 1 V. {A.-S. tm and eh, 

BNELE, > oil.) To anoint, or give 

aKoyle, J extreme unction. 

Cristendom, &ad hisschoppjoge, 
Penauns, and eke spousmee, 
. €k)de8 body ine forme of bred, 
Ordre, aad aneliinge, 

Thes sevene 
Heth h(di cherche sacremens. 
That beth tokenen of hevene. 

IfiUiam de Skonkam. 

So wlieU he was honseled and anehi, 
and had all that a Christian man ouerht 
(o have. Mcrt ffJrthwr, p. iii, c 176. 

The extreme unction or anelynggy and 
ooofirmadon, he sayed be no sacra- 
meats of the church. 

Sir Thos. Mare's Works, p. 346. 

The bysliop sendeth it to the curates* 
because they should therwith annoy nt 
. tlie sick, iu the sacrament oianoyUttg, 


Also children were christen'd, and men 
houseld and annoylrd thorough all the 
land. EoUnsk.y voL ii, n. 6. 

(2) {A.-S, aruelan.) To temper 
■ . in the fire. 

(3) {A,'S, neakBceau.) To ap- 

Bothe wyth buUez and berez, and borez 

And etaynec, that hym anelede, of the he)e 

feUe. Syr Gutpayne, p. ^. 

Aneliko, t. (1) One that brings 

forth one young at a time. 

Their ewes also are so full of increase, 
that some dos usuallie bring foorth two, 
three, or foure lambes at once, whereby 
they account our anelings, which are 
•uch as biing foorth but one at once, 
rather ban-en than to be kept for anie 
gaine. Earrison*s Desc. of Brit., p. 42. 

> (2) The sacrament of anointing. 

See Aneh (1). 

A^BLT,1^«djF. {A.'S, mtUe, ^ntieJ) 
ANLY, J Alone ; solitary. Ane^ 
lyneSf solitariness. 

Anemas, Icon/, (supposed to be 
ANEMis, J derived from the Scan- 
dinavian dialects.) Lest ; for fear ; 
as, "shut that window anemat 
it should rain ;" " spar the door 
tmemis he come," shut the door 
lest he come in. Norfolk, It 
appears to be now obsolete. 

An<end, adf>. Onwards ; towards 
the end ; •* to go an-end" to go 
forward ; " to go right mt-^nd/* 
i.e,t to go straight forward. 

Amens, 9. Chains or fetters. 

Now er his ansns wroaht of tUvere wete 

over gilt ; 
Dayet that theiof rouht, his was alle tho 

gilt Peter Lasigtoft, p. 167. 

Anempst, ^ prep. Against ; over 

ANENST, against ; opposite to. 

anent, M I n a secondary sense) 

ANENTis, I concerning ; with re- 

ANENDS, J spect to. In the MS. 

Household Book of Henry Lord 

Clifford, 1510, there is mention 

made of an action " anenda the 

dean of York." 

And wee humbly beseech your highnes 
w^ee may knowe ycur Graces pleasure 
howe wee shall order ourselves anempst 
your graces sayd cytie aud castell, for 
our discharge. State Fapers, ii, 304. 

Aud right anenst him a dog snarling-^. 

B. Jon., Mehem., act iL 

The king shall sitt anempst'hjm, face to 
face, in a chair prepared as to his 
high estate accordeth. 

Rutland Papers, p. 14. 

As It was borne towards the place, 
when the benrers came aneynst the 
sepnlclire of her husband, king Malcolm, 
they were not able to remove the re- 
lykes any further. 
EoUnshed, Hist, of Seat. ; Alexander, 287. 

Foiure times the brazen horse, entring, 

stuck fast 
Anenst the ruin'd guirdle of the towne. 

Heywood^s Troja Britanniea, p. 894. 

Anenst this nartition there was greeces 
and stayres, aown to the {lace of toum* 
age, for majscngers, &c. 

LeUrnd ColL t,867« 


Of that doan-cftst vrt may U cluranee 
Anent this world get coverannce. 

Cursor MumU^MS. Cantab., f. 141. 

UsEOVvrfprep, Near {almost. Var, 

Anerde, V, (ji,*S,) To adhere; 

dwell with, 
Anerre, V, (ji.-S.) To draw near 

to ; to approach. 
Anbrthe, adv. On the earth. To 

briny anerthe, to bury, to inter. 

So that it was thorn hyre wyth gret 

honour y-bore 
To the hoos of Waltam. and j-hro^tanerthe 

there. Boh. Ohmeert.^ p. 864. 

Anes, (1) adv. Once. 

His herber her auet gan he ta, 
That was beeinyng of our wa. 

rioatue and 6am$t, 1. SOIS. 

M anes, at once. 

Both patriark and prophete. 
All thanked thei God at angi. 

MS. CotU Qaiba, £ ix, f. €1. 

(2) adj. Jast like; similar to. 

Anes^to, almost, except. <S(9- 


Anes-kines, '\adv, (AS,) Any 

ANI8-KINES, J kind of; any. 

Withoaten ams-kinet duelling, 
Sche gan Gregori to tlirete. 

Leg. of Pope Gregory, p. 26. 

Anesal, V. To nestle (?;. A term 
in hawking. 

Tlien, when he is well redemyd tbertoo, 
emesal hym to a malard, and when he is 
made unto a malard, lete oon have a 
tame malard, 8«5. BeUq. Antiq., i, 299. 

Anet, *. {A.'N,) The herb dill. 
Anethe, \advJA,'S.) Scarcely, 

ANETHYS, J See i/nnethe. 
Anethere, r. {J..S,) To depress. 

Rob. Glouc. 
Aneust, adv. (J.'S,) Much the I 

same. | 

Anew, adv. Enough. Var. dial. 
Anewe, v. To renew. 
Anewst, prep. Nigh; almost. 

Aney, adv. Enough. 
Aneyment, t. {A.'N.) A plague; 


7t ANO 

And that thynge hys aie ieh seyds hu^ 

Tho ich her-an gan worche,. 
The holy joynynge of God sdf 
And o( al holy cherche. 

In tome. 
Of spoohoth thys anegment 
Moketh 50U for hordome. 

Williitm de Skonkam, 

Anbys, t. {A,'N.) Aniseed. 
Ampald, adj. {A.'S. ai^eald, one- 
fold.) Simple; single; one. 

lader and Sun and Haligast, 
That Mtfald God es ay stedfast. 

Cursor Hunii, MS, SdM. 

Aitfald Godd I call on thee, 
Laverd loved in trinity. 
To the mak I mi boa. 

MS, CotU Tesp,, A iii, f. 149. 

Anfbldtyhde, {A,'S,) a simple 

accusation. Skinner. 
Akfeeld, It. {A.'S. ai^.) An 
ANPiBLO, J anvil. 

By this had Vulcan hammend his heate, 

and bad to stay 
The bellowes; and he lymping from tha 

anfeeld thus did say. 

Warner's Amon*t Bnglemdt 1699L 

Anfractuous, a^. {Lot.) Wind- 
ing ; crooked. 

Anfractuosities, #• (from Lai, 

an/racttu.) Mazy and inyolved 

turnings and windings. 

Which arteries, taking their rise 
firom the left capsula of the heart, 
bringing tlirongh several drcuitSk am- 
baj^es, and anfractnosttiesy the vital 
spirits, to subtilize and re&ie them to 
tne etherial purity of animal spirits. 

Babelau, iii, 23. 

Ano, t. The hairy part of an ear <tf 
barley. North. 

AUNM, } *• (^--''^•) ^ ^^^^ 
Anoel, t. (1) A gold coin worth 
from about six shillings and 
dghtpence to ten shillings. This 
word was frequently punned 

You follow the young prince in> and 
down like his ill-angel. 
Not so, my lord ; your ill angel is light ; 
but I hope he that looks on me will 
take me without weighing. ^HenJV, i, 9L 

It appears from the following 
epigram, that a lawyer's fee was 
only an angel; 




Vpm Awnet Manvtge urilh a lamser t 
Anne is an angel, what if so she bef 
Wliat is an angel bnt a lawyer's fee ? 

Wifs ReereatUm. 

(2) An angular opening in a build- 
ing. WUH^M Archittciural Nih- 
menclature, p. 52. 
ANesL-BEAST, t. A game at cards. 

This eenUeman offering to play at 
ungelSeaMt with 'um, though he scarce 
know the cards, and has no more visible 
estate then what he may lose at a 

Smey, The Mulbenj Garden, 1668. 

Anobl-bed, t. A kind of open bed, 
without bed-posts. PhiUipt, 

Angel-bread, t. A purgative cake, 
made of spurge, ginger, flour, 
oatmeal, &c. 

Angelica, t. A species of master- 

Angelicax- STONE, t. An alche- 
mical stone. AngeUctd-water, a 
sort of perfume. 

Angellize, v. To rai;se to be an 

llloding Sathan cannot shine so bright, 
Though astgelltjs'd. 

Sylvester's Du Bartat,^ 161. 

Angelot. (1) A small cheese 
brought from Normandy. See 
Holme's Academy of Armory, 
4*0., b. iii, p. 81, which he says 
is curds made of milk, cream, 
jmd rennet, made into thin 

Yoor angelots of Brie, 
Your Marsolini, and Parmasan of Lodi. 

The Wits, iy, 1. 

How to nuke an angelUt—Ttikt a pint 
of cream, and double the quantity of 
mflk, putting to them a small quantil^ 
of munet, and when it thickens, take it 
up with a spoon, and put it into a fat, 
there let it continue till it is ver^ stiff, 
then salt it ; and when it is so, let it dry, 
and at the end of three months eat it. 
The Closet qfSarities, 1706. 

(2) A gold coin of the value of 
half an angel. 
Angel's-vood, t. Apparently a 
term for heavy ale. Harri. 

son's DeteriptUm ^ Enpkmdf 

p. 202. 

Anger, (1) g, (A.-S,) Sorrow. 

**Anffyr or angwysshe, anger, an* 

gustia, tribulacio." Promp. Parv, 

And sobret^ ^eveth heere swete drynke 
Aud solaceth heere in alle angres. 

Piers P/., p. 871. 

And I sal lene to yow my ring. 
That es to me a ful der thing : 
In nane anger sal ye be, 
Whils ye it have and thinkes on me. 
Iwaine and Gawin, 1. 1529. 

(2) An inflammation. 

(3) V. To anger. A provincial 
use of the word, but employed 
also as a verb by Shakespeare. 

Angerfull, adj. Enraged. 

■ it calls him pitifull, 

Bepentant, jealous, fierce, and angfrfvll. 
Sylvesters Du Bartas, p. 116. 

Angbrich, adv. Angrily. 

And angerieh I wandrede 
The Austyus to prove. 

Fiers PL, p. 466. 

Angerlt, a<f^'. Angrily. Shaketp, 

Angild, «. ( Jf.-iS.) Aflne. Skinner, 

Angine, t. (/v.) The quinsey. 

[Hel knew the cold cramp, th' angine, and 
lunacy. Sylvester, Du JBarlas, p. 83. 

Angle, s. {A.'N.) (1) A comer. 
(2) An astrological term. 

Angle-be RRT, «. A sore under the 
claw or hoof of an animal. North, 
See Anberry. 

Angle-bowin g. a method of fenc- 
ing the grounds wherein sheep 
are kept by fixing rods like bows 
with both ends in the ground, or 
in a dead he^ge, where they make 
angles with each other. Devon. 

Angledog, a. A large earthworm. 

Angle-legs, e. Bent legs. 

This heard, sir, play stil in her eyes, 
And be a dyin^, lives, like fiyes 
Caught by their angle-legs, and whom 
The torch laughs peece-meale to consume 
Lovelaces Lucaste, 1610. 

Angle-twitch 1 t. (from Fr. 
angle-twache, vanguille, an 
angle-touch, J eel.) An earth* 




irorm. They are mentioned as 
being troublesome to sick hawks 
by Lady Juliana Berners, and 
called anguelles. 

Anolkr, 8. One who begs in the 
daytime, observing what he can 
steal at night. A cant word. 

Anglet, 8, {Fr,) A little corner. 

Angnail, t. A com on the toe. 
CumberL See Agnail, 

Anoober, t. A sort of large and 
long pear. Diet, Rtat, 

Angoras, t. An anchorite. 

Anorome, V, {A,'S,f from an and 
gremian.) To grieve ; to torment. 

Angry, adj. Painful; inflamed; 

ANGRT-BOYStt. A sct of wild young 
men who delighted tocommit out- 
rages, and pick up quarrels. They 
are often mentioned by the dra- 
matists of the time of James I. 

Sir, not so young, but 1 have heard some 

Of the angry hays, and seen 'em take 

tobacco. JStn Jon., Jlekem., iii, 4. 

Get thee another nose, that will be puli'd 
Off by the angry hovs, for tliy conversion. 
B. jr F., Seomf. Lady, iv, 1. 

This is no angry, nor no roaring hoy, but a 
blustering boy. 

6reen*8 Tu. Qtf., 0. Fl., vii, 26. 

Angry-water. A liquid of an in- 
flammatory nature arising from a 
sore, as in blisters from chaflng, 
the skin not being broke. Nor- 

ANGnELLB,<.(jPr.) A kind of worm, 
mentioned by early writers, as 
being troublesome to sick hawks. 

Anouishous, 1 adj. {A.-N.) In 
ANGUisous, J anguish ; in pain. 

I was bothe anguiskous and trouble. 
For the peril! tlmt I sawe double. 

Bom. of the Base, 1766. 

And fortlierover, coiitricionn schulde be 
M'ounder sorwful and angutMchous, and 
therfore givith him God pieiuly his 
mercy. Chaucer, rersones T. 

ANeuYousLT, Afv. (J.»N,) Pain- 

My wordes to here. 
That bought hym dew. 
On crosse anguyoualy. 

New NothoruM^ Mmfl 

Anoussb, t. Anguish. 

I-nonie for theofthe and i-demd 

Anhonge lii were there.— 

And atihange on the rode 

As thu were Jhesu also. 

MS. Earl., 2277, f. 14. 
O, swete levedy, wat the was wo, 

Tlio thy cliyld was anhonge, 
I-tached to the harde tre 

Wylh nayles gret and longe. 

W. de Shoreham, 

Anhanse, 1 V. (A,'S.) To raise ; 
ANHANSY, >to exalt ; to ad- 
ANHAUNSB,J vance. 

Hye nou to unhansy us alle, and y nelle 
nojt be byhynde. Boh. Gloue.,}^. 198. 

^^■™* Urfr. Onhigh; aloud. 

AN-HB15E, J ° ' 

Tlier stont up a jeolumen, 5e5eth with a 

Ant hat out an-heh that al the hyrt herde. 

Pol. Songs, p. 168. 

And told hem this vilauie, 
And seyd he wold honi an-heighe. 
Arthour and Merlin, p. 88. 

Anhittb, v. (A.'S,) To hit; to 


Tho kyng Arture ajen Ihe brest ys felawe 
vorst anhytte. Boh. Glouc., p. 186. 

An-bond, adv. In hand, t. e., in 
his power. 

Me to MTeken ye sehul go 
or a treytour that is mi fo. 
That is y-come up mi lond, 
Wer he thenketh to brina; me an-hond. 
Qy of WarwiJce, p. 43. 

Anhove, V, (A,'S.) To hover. 

Amiente, V. (A,'N,) To destroy; 

to annihilate. 

That wikkedliche and wilftilliche 

Wolde mercy aniente. 

Pien PI, p. 866. 
An-if, conj. If. 
AsiQu,prep, Near. Shropsh, 
Anight, adv. In the night. 

Tristrem to Tsoude wan, 
Atugkt with hir to play. 

Sir Tristrem, p. S8SL- 




kmLM, tut}. (Lot. aniUs.) Imbecile 
from old age. 

Animablb, adj. (Lot.) That may 
be endowed with life. 

Animate, adj. {Lat. animatus.) En- 

I am ammate to importiine jovx goode 
lordship with moste harty desyres to 
contjiiae my goode lorde in augmenting 
the kinges goode estimacion of me. 

Monastic Letterty p. 141. 

Amimb t. A white gum or resin 

brought out of the West Indies. 

Animosite, *. {Lat.) Bravery. 

Anind, adv. On end; upright. 

*' Mr. Jones's hos reared anind^ 

bout uprit." A Shropshire word. 

Moor gives it as a Suffolk word. 
Anious, adj. {A.-N.) Wearisome ; 

An-ibed, a^. {A.'N.) Angry. 

He sanh Richard an-ired, and his mykelle 
myght. Feter Langtoft, p. 151. 

Anjubdogs, t. Kitchen utensils 
for the spit to run on. /. of 

Anker, t. A measure of liquid. 
See Anchor. 

We'll drink it out of the aakert my boys. 
The BarUy-Mow Simg, n. d. 

Anker, t. (^.-5'.) An anchoret ; a 

hermit. See Anchor. 
Ankeras, t. A female hermit. See 

ANKLEY,t. An ankle. WestSutsesp. 

See Anchw. 

^^"^""^^ Ulone; single. ' 

ONELBPT, J * ** 

He stod, and totede in at a bord. 
Her he spak anilem word 

HatOoh, 8107. 
Ane es fomicacion, a fieschl^ synne 
Betwene an aneUpy man and an anelept 
woman. MS. Earl, 1022, f. 73. 

On ich half thai smiten him to, 
And he ogain to hem also ; 
l^ever no was anlepy kuight, 
That so mani stond might. 

Oyqf Winnie,^, ltl$» 

That hy ne take hiis for so 
Bote OHclem sythe. 

WittxaM de ShoreUm. 

Anlas. See Anelace. 

Anlet, t. An annulet; a small 

ring; a tag, or piece of metal 

attached to the end of laces or 

points. Yorksh. 
Anleth, *. {A.-S. anwlit, andwlit.) 

The face ; the countenance. 

To the mi hert saide the soght face mine, 

I 8^ seke laverd to face thine ; 

Ne turne thine anleth me fra, 

Ne helde in wrath fra tlii hine swa. 

MS. Cott., resp.y D vii, f. 16 b, 

Anlicnb, v. {A.'S.) To liken ; to 


Thnervore hi byeth anlicned to the tayle 
of the voxe, be hare barat, and vor liare 
bezuykinge. MS. Arundel, 57, 1. 17 b. 

1 8. (A.'S.,anliene8.) 
Anlicnes, Ui image; a re- 


Therefter wendeth onto nre lavedi «n« 
licnesse and cneolith mit five Avees, 
alast to the other imaiees and to ths 
relikes Inteth other cneoleth. 

MS. Cott., Cleopatra, C vi, f . ». 

Anly, adj. (A.'S.) Solitary. See 

Anlifen, 8. (A.-S.) Livelihood; 
substance. Verstegan. 

Anlotb, v. (A.-S.) To pay a share 
of charges, according to the cus- 
tom of the place. Min8heu, 

Annamelyd, par/./?. Enamelled. 

For the wyche thyng schynis of dyvers 

Schynand full bryght of fyn pold. 
They hongyd full thvcke on ylke a party. 
An annameljfd wonder rychely. 

Tundale, p. 64. 

Annart, t. {Med. Lat. aimartM.) 

A yearly description. Fuller. 

'\v. {A.'S. unnan, annan.) 
Anne, I ^j^ j^ ^j^^ . ^^ yjgi^ . ^ 

^^^^* J consent. 

Bohant that was thare, 
To Mark his tale bi<;an ; 

"Wist ye what Tristrem ware, 
Miche gode ye wold him an; 

Tour owhen sost^r him bare.** 

SirTristrer f. i, si TL 


Ich tNMM hire wel, ant bee me wo, 
Tcham hire frend, ant heo my fo, 
Me tbancheth min herte wol breke atwo. 
For aorewe ant syke. 

I^rie Poetry, p. 40. 
leh an well cwath the nijtinnde. 
Ah, wranne, nawt for thire tide. 

HuU and Nyjtingale, 1 1728. 
(2) To wish weU to. 

Tristrem speke biean, 
*' Sir king, God Toke the, 

Am y the love and am. 
And thou hast served to me." 

Sir IVistrem, f. i, st 77. 

Ankb, j^rofi. One. The objective 
case of on. 

Anneajl, v. (j4,^S,) (1) To heat 
anything in such a manner as to 
give it a proper temper. This 
word is chiefly used by the 
blowers |ind workers in glass. 
** He that doth aneale pottes or 
other vessels, inastor.'' Baret*9 
Ahfearie, 1580. 

Item, a myter for a bishop at St. Nicholai 
tid^ gamyshed with sylvcr, and anelyd 
with pcrle, and counterfeyt stone. 

Churehicardens' Aecomptt, p. 114. 

(2) To anoint. See Anele. 
Annentisb, 1 J (^•-^•«««w- 

ANNENTISSCHB, f \^'^ JO Jinnihi. 

'J late; to destroy. 
The whiche thre thinges ye have nought 
annentistcAed or destroyed, neyther in 
youre self ne in youre counseilonres, as 
ye oughte. Chaucer, T. ofMelibeus. 

Annbt, 8. (J^N.) The common 

gulL Northumb. 
Annbtt, t. First.fruits ? 

The L.Govemonr,a8 touching the workes 
to be taken in hand, noe municion to 
be lookt for. with some occnrances of 
the English and Spanish fleets; for the 
eomino: up of Capt. Case, and touching 
Sir John Selby's meadow, Townsdnle's 
anneU, AreJueologia, xxx, 169. 

Annexment, *. Anything annexed, 
or subjoined. 

ANNiHiLED,jt7ar/.;7. Destroyed. 

Which els had been long since anmhiled. 
With all other living things beside. 

Lovee Ovole, 1596. 
ANNivER8E,t. (fr.) An anniver- 




Be kept with ostentation to rehene 
A mortal princes birth-day. 
Contemplatums Moral and Divine, 167& 

Annoy, "I *. (J,.N.) An annoy. 
ANNTE, J ance. 

For Helen's rape the dty to destroy. 
Threatening cloud-kissing Dion with annoy. 
Skat,, Bape ofLaerece, p. 651. 

When his fair flocks he fed upon the downs, 
The poorest shepherd suffered not annoy. 
Drayt., Bel, 6, p. UU. 

How many ills do follow one annoy f 
Now merrily sail our gallant Greekes to 
Troy. FeeWs FareweU, 1589. 

Ther nyi lyves mon noon so slygb 
That he neo tholeth ofte mony aimw, 

AUeaunder, 1. 10. 

Anotful, adj. Hurtful; annoying. 
Anoiino, t. Harm. 

No mieht do with hir wicheing 
In Inglond non anoiiny. 

Jttkour and Merlin, p. 166. 

Anoiou8» adj\ Fatiguing; weari- 
some; unpleasant. 

Wlien driven with wordlie winds, his 
anoious business waxeth without mea-^ 
sure. Chaucer'e Boetkius, 860. 

Annotb, «. A note. 

In annote is hire nome, nempneth hit non 
Whose ryht redeth ronne to Johon. 

^ric Poetry, p. 26. 

Annuart, atlf. (Lot.) Annual. 

Annueler. a priest employed 

for the purpose of singing anni. 

yersary masses for the dead. It 

is spelt tttinholor in Skelion, ii, 


In Londoun was a prest, an anntteler. 
That therin dwelled hadde many a yer. 

Chaucer, Cant. T., 12940. 

Annunciate, adj, (Lot) Foretold. 

Lo Sampson, whiche that was annunciate 
By thangel, long er his nativity. 

Chaucer, Cant. T., 16601. 

Anny, adv. Only. Northampt, 
Anntle, *. Anise seed. Huloet, 
Ano, cmf. Also. North. 
Anodeb, adj. Another. "A pyx of 

sylver, anoder of laten." Invent, 

MS. Ibth cmt. 
Anotle, V. To anoint, ^e Anek, 




The byshop sendefti It to the ennitei, 
because thev should therwith aiinoynt 
the sick in the sacrament of anoyling. 
Sir Thonuu Mor^s Workes, p. 431. 

Anotnte, v. To flatter ; to deceive. 
A figuratWe sense, as we should 
say to grease a person. " I anoynte^ 
I discey ve by flatterynge^>oy^n«.'' 
PahgravBy verb. 

Anointed, adj. Chief; principal. 
"An anointed scamp.'' WetL 

Anoisaunce, t. A nuisance. 

Anole, adv. Too ; also. Yorkth. 

Anomtnation, t. \LaL) An opinion 

. contrary to law. 

He that adomes his whole oration with 
no other trope but a sweet subjection or 
an anomtnation, may be thought a trim 
man in tlie ears of the multitude, but in 
the judgement of the elegant orators, he 
shall be known as mde in his art of 
rhetorick, as the butcher that scalded 
the ealfe was in his craft of butchery. 

Bnt. Bibl, ii, 441. 

Anomt, t. {Gr.) Lawlessness. 
Anon, adv. (1) What do you say? 
Yorkth. See Anan. 

(2) Instantly; immediately. 

Now sorely, brother, said the fox anon. 

Mother HubbertPs TaU, f. ri. 

All which shall appere anon. 
Lambardt^s Feramb. of Kenty p. 106. 

(3) Onwards. 

The kyne of Northomberlonde kyng was, 

ieh nnuerstonde. 
Of a) tlio ionde bijonde Hombre anon into 

8ootloude. Bob. of Gloue., p. 6. 

(4) Anon, sir, is equivalent to 

the modern ** coming, sir,*' the 

phrase used by waiters in inns. 

An under-skinker, wlio never spake 
other English in hit life, than— anon, 
anon, sir. 1 Henry IF, ii, 7. 

Anondeb; adv. (J.-S.) Under. 

Ten schypmeu to Ionde yede 
To se the yle yii lengthe and brede, 
And fette water as hem was nede 
The roche anotidyr. 

Octonan Imperator^ L 650. 

Anonb* '\adv. At one time; in 

ANONEN, I the first place. 
AvoNBE, adv. Under. North, 

ANONRTOHrss, 1 adv. (J.-S.) Im 
ANANRiHT, J mediately. 

Efter evesong anonrikt siggeth ower 
placebo everirhe niht hwon te beoth 
eise. MS. Cott., Nero. Axiv, f. 6. 

Scheo hette marchal and knyghtii 
Greythen heom to ryde anonryghtis. 

K. AUeaunder, 1. 170. 

He hadde in toun v. hundred knightes. 
He hem ofsent anonrightes. 

Arthour and Merlin^ p. 88. 

Anont, prep. Against; opposite. 

Anonxcion, *. (for animc/ton.) 

Anointing. Hardyng. 
Anonywar, adv. At unawares. 

Tho the Brytons come myd the prisons 

The Bomeyni come ajen hem al anonywar. 

Rob. Glouc., p. 213. 

Anoth, adv. Enough. 

Anothy dameseile ! qnath Blaunchefloor, 
To scome me is litel honour. 

Floriee and Blaunekefi. 

Another, adv. (J.-S.) Otherwise ; 

Al that therinne were, 
Al thai m&de glade chere, 
And ete and c&onke echon wij other, 
Ac Floriee thoujte a I another; 
Ete ne drioke mifte he non5t; 
On Blaoncheflour was al his thoujt. 
Floriee and Blaunchefl. 

Me ;e, qnath the kyng, tho another we 

ssolde do. 
That he ath y-nome wyth treson we ssolde 

with maystrie. Bob. of Glouc, p. 447. 

Another-oaines, adv. Another 

sort of. 
Anoth er-oates, adv. (A.^S.) A 

different kind; another sort. 


And his bringing np another-gates mar- 
riage than such a minion. 

I^ly*s Mother Bombie, act I. 

Wlien Hudibras, about to enter 
Upon another-gates adventure. 
To Balpho raUrd aloud to arm, 
Not dreaming of approaching storm. 
SudibrasX iii. 428. 

Another-guess, adv. Another 
sort of. A word in common nit 




in the latter half of the 17th 

H* as been a student in the Temple tliii 
three years, another-ghess teilow than 
this, I assure you. 

Durfey, Madam, FiekUy 168S. 

i^jfOUGH, adv. Enough. WetL 

Thai wende have joie anough, 

Certcs it nas nought so, 
Her wening was al wough, 

Untroveand til hem to. 

Sir Trutrem, F. II, it. Ivi. 

Anoub, t. {A.'N. anor.') Honour. 

After him thou best emperour, 
Ood hath the don gret anour, 

Oy of WarmcJcCy p. 149. 

Anoube, r. {A,'N, anorer.) To 

Thou ne anourest naft God ary^t, 

Ac dest is onderlynges. 
Bylef thou in no wychecrafti 

Ne iue none telii'nse. 

William de Skoreham. 



, I Ad 


I am tormentide with this blew fyre on 
my hede, for my leclierouse anourement 
of myne heere, ande other array ther 
one. Gesta Romanorum,'p. 431. 

Anournb, r. {A.-N.) To adorn. 
Anow, adv. Enough. Wett. 

He kest the bor doun hawes atunoe^ 
And com himself doun bi a bowe. 

Smyn Sages, 921. 

Anoward, adv. Upward; upon. 
Hearne explains it, "thorough, 

And anoward his rug fur y-maked. 
And doth from xere to tere. 

MS. Harl, 2277, f. 47. 
The hors hem lay anoward, 
Tliat hem thoughit cliaunce hard. 

Arthmr and Merlin, p. 123. 

Anotle, v. To anoint. 
Anotmenti8,«. The translation of 

limates in an early gloss., in Reliq. 

Antiq., i, 8. 

Anoyntmbnt, t. An ointment. 
Anoyt, t. Trouble ? 

That other branclie ful ry^t goyt 
To the lytil fyngere, without anoyt. 

Bdiq. Jntiq., i, 190. 

Anparsb. The character &. The 
expression and per se, and, to 
signify the contraction &, and 
substituted for that conjunction, 
is often found in nursery books, 
more especially in alphabets, such 
as the one commencing, "A, 
apple-pie." Sometimes spelt 
anpaity^ and anpasty. 

Anpyrb, 8. Empire. 

Anrednessb, 8. {A.'S.anradneaae.) 
Unity of purpose. 

An's-afe. I am afraid. Yorkah, 

Ansample, 8. An example. 

Ansel, t. A corrupt orthography 
for hansel, 

Anshum-scranchum. When a 
number of persons are assembled 
at a table where the provision is 
scanty, and each one is almost 
obliged to scramble for what he 
can get, it will often be observed 
by some one of the party, that 
they never in all tbeir life saw 
such anahum-aeranchum work. 

Ansinb, "I «. (A.'S., ansyn.) Ap« 
ONsiNE, J pearance ; figure. 

Not no mou so muchel of pine. 
As povre wif that falleth in ansine. 

Dame Sirith. 

Vor nis of ow non so kene 

Tliat durre abide mine onsene. 

The Hule and the Ny^tingale, 1. 1694. 

Anslacht, 1 «. {Germ.) A sud- 
ANSLAiOHT, j dou attack ; a sur- 

I do remember yet, that anslatght, thou 

wast beaten, 
And fledst before the butler. 

Braum. and Fl., Mons. Thomas, ii, 2. 

Anslet, v. {Fr.}) An article of 
dress in the latter part of the 
14th cent. Some MSS. of Chau- 
cer read hanaelines. 

Upon that other syde, to speke of the 
horrible disordinnt scantnes of riotliing, 
as ben tliesu cuttid sloppis oi* ansUts, 
that thurgli her schortnes ne covereth 
not the scliamful membre of man, to 
wickid entent. Chaucer, Fersonea T, 

ATiS 79 

ANsauARB, 1 V. To answer. MSS. 

IB, \V. 

ta. } of 

ANsaiTER, J of ibth and beffinning 

of\6th cent. 
Anstond, v. To withstand. Rob. 

Ansurer, ». An answerer. 
Answer, (1) t?. To encounter at a 


(2) To answer a door, to open 
it when any one knocks. 

(3) 8. Retaliation ; requital. 

Ant. (1) Am not. Devon, 

(2) con;. And. Common in MSS. 

of the reign of Edward II. 

The lylie lossum is ant long, 
With riche rose ant rode among. 

Lyric Foetry, p. 83. 

AxTEM, «. (1) A church. A cant 
word. An antem-moriei " a wyfe 
maried at the churche, and they 
be as chaste as a cow." Brii. 
Bibl., ii, 520. 
(2) An anthem. 

Antepast,*. {Lat.) A tasting be- 

Antephne, 8, An antiphon. 

Anteponb, v. (Lot.) To prefer ; to 
set before. 

Anter. See Jtmter. 

Anters, (1) conj. In case that. 

(2) *. Adventures. North. See 

Ante-temb, 8. A text or motto 
placed at the bead of a theme or 
discourse. Skelton. 

Antevert, v. {Lat.) To avert. 

Antgate, «. An occasion. Skinner. 

Anth. And the. North. 

Anthony-nut, 8. The bladder-nut, 

Antuony-pig, 8, The favourite or 
smallest pig of the litter. Kent. 
" To follow like a tantony pig," 
to follow close. The friars of 
certain convents of St. Antiiony, 
in England and France, are said 
to have enjoyed the privilege of 
having their swine feeding i.i the 


streets. These would follow any 
one for fjod; and it was con- 
sidered an act of charity and 
religion to feed them. St. An- 
thony was invoked for the pig. 

Anthony's-fire, 8. A kind of 

Anthropomancy, *. {Gr.) Divi- 
nation by the entrails of men. 

Anthropophaginian, adj. A 
high-sounding word put by 
Shakespeare in the mouth of a 
swaggerer. Merry Wive8 of 
Windsor^ iv, 5. 

Anticipately, adv. By anticipa- 

"Wliat our Lord did intend to bestow on 
all pastors, that lie did anticipately pro- 
mise to him. 

Barrow, Of the Popes Supremacy. 

Antick, (1) adj. Old. 

(2) An antimasque. Ford*i 
Works, », 440. 

Antickly, adv. In an antick man- 

Go antickly^taxA. show an outward hideous- 
ness. Much Ado about Nothing^ v, v. 

Anticks, 8. (1) Odd imagery and 

All bar'd with golden bendes, which were 

"With curious antickes, and full fayre 

aumayld. Sp.» F. Q., II, ui, 27. 

(2) Actors are sometimes termed 

Antikb, adj. Grotesque. 
A foule deform'd, a brutish cursed crew. 
In body like to antike work devised 
Of monstrous shape, and of an ugly hew. 

Harr., Jriost., vi, 61. 

Anticor, \8. a swelling on a 
antocow, J horse's breast, oppo- 
site to the heart. 
Antidotary, adj. Having the 
j qualities of an antidote. 
' Antients, 8. Ancestors. 
AsTiLLOQLViHtS. (Lat.) A preface; 

! proem. 
Tlierefore I will rehearse to this antilloquie. 
But only the cognisaunce which appeareth 

Holmei't FaU o/RcbeUum, p. 7. 




AicTTMAsauB, t. A contrast to the 
principal masque, a ridiculous 
interlude, dividing the parts of 
the more serious masque. It 
Appears to have been distinguish- 
ed by extravagance, and vras 
usually performed by actors hired 
from the theatres ; whereas the 
masque itself was more usually 
acted by ladies and gentlemen. 
It resembled the ewodia of the 

Let anti-nuuis not be long, tbevhave 
been commonly of fools, satyrs, baboons, 
wild men, etnti^ues, beasts, spirits, 
witches, Ethiops, pigmies, turquets, 
Bymplis, mstics, cupids, statuas moving, 
and the like. As for angels, it is not 
comical enough to put uiem in tmti- 
nuuks ; and any thing that is hideous, as 
devils, giants, is on the other side as 
vnftt. But chiefly let the musick of 
them be recreative, and with strange 
dbanges. Some sweet odours suddemy 
coming forth, without any drops falling, 
are in such a company, as there is steam 
and heat, things of great pleasure and 
refirethment. Bacon, Essay 37. 

J%est. What are yon studying of Jocastus, 

Jo. A rare device, a masque to entertaine 
His grace of Fairy with. 
Thest. A masque? what i'st? 
Jo, An anti-masque of fleas, which I have 

To dance currantos on a spider's thread. 
Mop. An oMti-nuufue of fleas? brother, 

me thinks 
A masque of birds were better, that could 

The morice in the ayre, wrens and rob- 

bin -redbreasts. 
Linnets, and titmice. 

Randolph*s Amintas, 1640. 

Antinomies, s. Rules or laws op- 
posite to some other rules or 
laws deemed false and having no 

Antioche, s. a kind of wine, per- 
haps brought, or supposed to be 
brought, from Antioch. 

Jntioehe and bastarde, 
Pymeut also, and gamarde, 

Sqnyr of urns Degri, 757. 

Antiperistasis, t. (6V.) Ex- 
plained as " the opposition of a 
contrary quality, by which the 

qnalityitopposes becomes heights 
ened or intended." Used by 
Ben Jonson, 

Antiphoneb, t. {A.-N.) A kind 
of psalm-book, containing the 
usual church music, with the 
notes marked, and so called from 
the alternate repetitions and re- 

Antiphons, t. {Gr.) Alternate 


In aiUiph<ms thus tune we female plaints. 

0. PI., vii, 497. 

Antiquary, acli* Old; ancient; 


Instructed b^r the antiquarv time. 
He must, he is, he cannot but be wise. 
Troilus and Cressidot ii, 9L 

Antique, <u&*. Ancient. Accented 

on the first syllable. 

Show me your image in some dnHoue book. 

Shakesp.t Sonn.t 59. 

Not that great champion of the AiHqus 
world. iS^«».,I,zi,27. 

Antiquity, s. Old age. 

Antle-bebb, adv. Crosswise ; Irre- 
gular. Exmoor, 

Antling. a corruption of Anto- 
nine, a saint to whom one of the 
churches in London is dedicated, 
which is often called St, AnU 
ling*s by the older writers. 

Anto. If thou. Yorksh. 

Antpat, adj. Opportune ; apropos. 

ANrBE, (1) t. {Lat, antrum.) A 

cavern, or den. 

Wherein of antres vast and desarts idle. 
Rough quarries, rocks, and hills whose 

lieads touch heaven, 
It was my hint to speak. 

Shakesp., Othello^ i, 3. 

(2) V. To adventure. See 

ANTBBSSE,/7re«/. /. He adyentores. 

Antbums. Affected airs; whims. 
*'A's in as anirums this morn- 
ing." Suffolk and Chesh. The 
more usual expression is tan* 

Antul. An thou wilt; if thoo 
wUt Yarksk. 



Ant-wart, t. A sort of wart, de- 
scribed in the iVbw«ic/a/or( 1585) 
as being deep-rooted, broad be- 
low, and little above. 

Antwhile, adv. Some time ago. 

Anty-tdmp, t. An ant-hill. Heref. 

An UAL, 8. {LaU) A chronicle. Ri- 

Anuddbr, adj. Another. North, 

Anubl, 8, (A.'N.) An annuity; 
particularly one paid to a priest 
for keeping an anniversary. 

And henten, gif I mighte. 
An anuel for myne owen use. 
To belpen to clothe. 

Fiers PI, p. 475. 

Anunder. \prep.{A.'S.) Beneath, 

ANONDER, J Cumb. To kfeep any 

one at anunder, to keep them 

in a subordinate or dependent 


Ten schypmen to londe yede, 
To se the yle yn lengthe and brede, 
And fette water as hem was nede 
The roche anondyr. 

Oeiovian IntperatoTt 650. 

AKVSTt prep. Opposite; against. 
This old word exists in Lowland 
Scotch, and is current in the 
dialects of Yorkshire, Cheshire, 
Herefordshire, Shropshire, Wilt- 
shire, and Worcestershire. 
Anuost. Near to. fFe8t. See 

JenrUnff8t p. 185. 
Amurf, V, To honour. 
Anurthe, adv. On the earth. 
Anuy, *. {J,'N,) Annoyance ; vex- 
And to the contri that 50 beotb of, 
Suthe ^e schnlle wende, 
Al eselich withoute avinf. 
And there youre lyf ende. 

if5. Bar?., 2277, f. 46 b. 

Anutb, "I,,, (^..jv;) To annoy; 
^^^^^* f to trouble ; to vex. 


Moob me aniteth 
That mi drivil dmith. 

Jteliq. Jntiq., ii, 210. 

Tho was alio the conrt anyed* 

Bob. qf eUmcMter, p. 58. 


Ac mi loverd witeth mi sonle wel, 
That thu hire nojt ne spille, 
For tlm ne mijt mid al thi mijte 
Anuye hire worth a ftlle. , «^ . 

if&fiarf., 2277, f. 86 b 

For thai hadde the countr6 anuwed. 
And witli robberie destrwed. 

Sanfn Sages^ 2613^ 

Alisanndre anuied was ; 
Over the table he gon stonpe, 
And smot Lifias wiih the conpe. 
That he feol doun in the flette. 

Kyng Alisaunder, 1102 

Anvelt, "It. (^.-5.) An anvil 
ANViLD, J See Anfeeld. 

Upon his anvelt up and downe, 
Therof he toke the firste sowne. 

Dreme of Chancery 1165. 

And in echc hande a greate hamer, 
and thcrwith they smyte upon n «n. 
tiUe. Yirgilius, p. 20 

Anvempnb, t. To envenome. 

Coventry Mysterie8f p. 75. 
Anvil, «. (1) The handle or hilt 

of a sword. Shakeap, 

(2) A narrow flag at the end oi 

a lance. Meyrick. 
Anwarpe, V, To warp. Miruheu, 
Anweald, «. (A.-S.) Power; au- 
thority. Skinner, 
Anword, 8. (A.-S.) An answer ; a 

reply. Verategan, 
Anxiferous, adj, (Lat.) Causing 

Anv, adJ, Either; one of two, or 

of more. 
Anynge, "I*. (^.-/S.) Union. See 

Any SOT, *. A fool. Prompt, Part. 
Anythink. Anything. " Like 

anythink agen,'* exceedingly. 

Anywhen, adv. At any time. "I 

can come anywhen after this 

Anywhilb, adv. At any time. 
Anywhithbr, adv. To any place. 

JOor. Do yon forbid his coming, or I go. 
Aunt. Go? whither? 

lU^. Anywhither, madness ne*re wants a 
place. . 

Moun^ort, Gremmeh Fork, 1691. 




ko%!MWD, pari. p. Adorned. 

So that he that tofore wente elothed in 
elothes of golde and of sylke, and 
Motimed wyth precyons stones in the 
ejt€. ntm Fatrum, i. 86. 

AoT, adv. High. GUmc, 

Apatb, 1 V, {A.'N.) To pay, m- 
ikPPAT, / tisfy, or content. " Well 
apaid, glad; ill tgitaidt sorie." 
Bider'8 Dictionaries 1640. 

Thenrith was Perkyn afayed. 
And preised hem faste. 

Piers PlouffktHMn, p. 188. 

— Tfll thon have to my trusty car 
Omunitted what doth thee so ill ofav. 

Sp«ns.f DuphnauUt 69. 

So only can high justice rest appaid. 

MiUon, P. L.y xii, 401. 

Th* nnweloome newes seeme welcome to 

his earei. 
And yet he wishes they awhile had staide ; 
That the vil'd deed is done, he glad ap- 

Yet in his gladnes, he seemes ill apaid. 

Great Britmnet Troye, 1609. 

Apaisb, adv. In peace. 

Tbo thai were al at aise, 
Ich went to his in mpai$e. 

Artkowr and MerUn^ p. 87. 

Apaltd, pott, p. Depressed ; dis- 
couraged ; appalled. 

Apalled, part. p. Wearisome; 


Thanne cometh nnderodonn thnr|(h 
wliich a man is so blunt, and as saith 
•eint Bernardf he hath such a langour 
in soule, that he may neyther rede ne 
-srn^re in holy ehirche, ne heere ne 
tmuke on devocioun in holy ehirche, 
ne ti-avnyle with his hondes in no good 
werk, that nys to him unsavory and al 
apttUed, Ckaucer, P«r$onet T, 

kvA'Stprep. Upon. 

Aparins, 8. (Fr.) The name of a 

plant ; clivers. 

Aparsei VE, V, To perceive. 

The bureeis aparseived of his wire, 
Tele niglites was ^on him fram, 
And in the dawiyiDe ayen sche cam. 

3%e Sofyn Saget, 1. 1484. 

Aparti, adv. Partly. 

Apartlie, adv. {A.-N.) Openly. 

Monastic Lettert, p. 179. 

Apatbre, v. {A.'N.) To impair* 


Ape, (1) v. To attempt? 

And that sche nere so michel apa 
That sehe hir laid doun to slnpe. 

Artkowr and Merlin^ p. 89. 

(2) 9. A fool. To put an ape 
into a person's hood or cap, or, 
to put on his head an ape, tomake 
a fool of him. Tyrwbitt con- 
siders " vrin of ape,'' in Chaucer, 
to be what the French called 
9in de tit^e. 

Hahal felaws, be war for such a iape. 
The monk put in the nuoMut hood an ape^ 
And in his wyres eek, by Seint Austyn. 

Chancer, Cant. T., 14860. 
——Thus was the ape 
By their fhir handling put ioto Malberco*s 
cape. Speneer, P. Q., Ill, ix, 81. 

And thus sehe maketh Absolon hir ape. 
And al his emest tometh to a jape. 

Chtmeer, Cant. T., 8889. 

To lead apet m hell, said of a 

woman who lives and dies 


I must dance barefoot on her weddingdav, 

And, for your loye to her, lead apes in hell. 

ShakfSp., Taming of Shrew, ii, 1. 

But *tis an old proverb, and you know it 

lliat women, dying maids, lead apes in hell. 

London Prodigal, \, 8. 

Not to know an ape from an 

apple, to be very ignorant. 

Calculated according to art for the 
meridian of England ; and may, without 
sensible error, serve for any other coun- 
try besides, where they do understand 
an ape from an apple, or a B from a bat^ 
tledore. Poor BoHn, 1707. 

To say an ape*8 patemoeteTt to 

chatter with cold. 
Apece, a corruption of abece. 

The alphabet. Prompt. Parv. 

Apechbd, jE7ar/. p. Impeached. 

And asone as he came, he was arested 
and apeched of hye treysone, that he 
schuld helpe the erie of Oxeiiforde. 

Warkworth's Chronicle, p. 25. 

Apeire, V. (^.-iVl) To impair. See 


And thanne youre neghebores nest 
In none wise e^mre. Pien PL, p. IL 



Apsl, t. {J -N.) An old term in 
hunting music, consisting of three 
long moots. 

Apxltt, part, p. Called ; named. 

Apbnde, v. {A,'N.) To append; 

to appertain ; to beAng. 

Thus the pore peple is ransonnde, 
They say sache parte t'em should apende. 
Flowmam'i Taie, L 2006. 

APENiONSt 9. Opinion. 

Apere, v. To appear. 

Aperbmbnt, t. An injury ; a mis- 
chief. •* Aperementf pejoracio," 
Prompt. Parv.f MS. Harl., 221. 

Apbbn, 8. An apron. Appam is 
still the form in Shropshire, ap-. 
peron or appren in the Northern 

Apbrnbr, t. One who wears an 
apron ; a drawer at an inn« 

We have no wine here, methinks; 
Where's this apemer ? 

Ckttfnian*$ May Day, 1611. 

A-PBR-SB. See A. 

Apbrt, adj. (A.'N») (1) Open; 


(2) Bold ; free ; pert. 
Apbrtb, 8. {A.'N. aperte.) Conduct 

in action. 

For whiche the kyng hym had ay after in 

Consyderyng well his knightly apertS, 

Hardynff't Ckroniclet f. 198. 

Apertion, 8. {hat.) A passage ; an 

Apertnbss, t. Frankness; open- 
. ness. 
Apert, 9, An ape-house. 

And TOW to ply thy b .^)ke as nimbly as 
ever thou didst thy master's apery , or 
the hauty vaulting horse. 

Apollo Shroving, 1627, p. 98. 

Apbsbn, V. (A.'N.) To appease. 
Apbtitblt, adv. With an ap- 
Apb-ward, t. A keeper of apes. 

Kor 1, quod an ape-ward. 
By angut that I kan knowe. 


Apetre, v. (Lat.) To open. 

Apetrement, 8. {A.'N.) injury. 

Apeyrinoes, 9. Losses. 

A-piCKPACK, adv. Astride on the 

back. See A-pigga^baek, 

There's a speech for jom, shou'd yoa 
make such a one in the senate house, 
we should have you brought home 
a^icipaek in triumph. 

Ilora'i raffarie8,U70. 

Apiece, adv. To each. North. 

Apieces, adv. To pieces. Sujf. 

Nay, if we faint or fall apieees now. 

We're fools. 

Beaum. and Fl., Island Pri»eesi, v, 1. 

A PIES, t. Opiates. 

As he shall slepe as loi^ as er the leste. 
The narootikes and apie* ben so strong. 
Chaucer, Leg. of ffypermnestra^ 109. 

A-piGGA-BACK, adv. Carrying a 
child on one's back, with his 
legs under the arms, and his 
arms round the neck. Var. diaL 

Apis, t. A kind of apple-tree, in- 
troduced about the year 1670. 

Apishness, t. Playfulness ; game- 

Apistille, I. An epistle. 

A-pisTY-POLL, adv. Carrying a 
child with his legs on the shouU 
ders, and arms round the head. 

A-PLACE, adv. In place. Gower. 

A-PLAT, adv. Flat down. 

Aplight, adv, {A.-S.) Certainly; 

truly ; entirely. 

Hidur thei come be mone-li5t» 
Eete therof wel apU'^t. 

K. Edward and the Shepherd. 

Nou is Edward of Camarvan 
King of Engelond al aplykt. 

Political Songs, p. 349. 

The child yede tobedde anight. 
And ros arlirhe smoTeweaapHght. 

Sevyn Sages {Weber), 803. 

Aplustrb, 9. (Lat.) The small flag 

of a ship. 
Aplyn, 8, pi. {A.'S.) Apples. 
Apock, 8. A small red pimplei 

Apodttbrt, 9, {Or.) A veitry. 




ApoiuTt athf. At point. 
A POISON, V. To poison. 
Apollo, s. A name for a ban- 
queting room. 

We moYed slowly towards the saltan's 
pallace, all the way passing through a 
ranck or file of archers and musquetiers 
on either side doubled, and being 
aliglited, usherd him into his Apollo, 
where upon rich carpets was plac'd a 
ueat and costly bnnquet. 

Herbert's Tratelt, 1638. 

Apolo6btik,«.( (Tr.d'R-oXoyiiruc^.) 
■ An apology. 

Apon, prep. Upon. 

Aponted, adj. Tainted. Dorset. 

Apopuak, t. A kind of herb, men- 
tioned in the ArchtBoL, xxx, 404. 

Aporet, pari, p, {J.-N.) Made 
poor ; reduced to poverty. 

Aposkn, V. To demand. This word 
occurs in Skinner's Etymolo- 
ffiorif 1671. 

Apostata, *. (Lat) An apostate. 

Apostem, 9. ( Gr.) An abscess. 

A joyful casual violence may break 
A dangerous apottem in thy breast. 
Donne's Progrets of the Soul, ii, 479. 

A medicine or salve that maketh an 
apostenu, or draweth a swelling to mat- 
ter. Notnenclaior, 1586. 

Apostbmation, 8, An impos- 

Aposthumb, t. An imposthume. 
Prongot. Parv, 

Apostilhbed, 9. Apostleship. 

Apostille, 8, {Lat.) A marginal 

Apostle-spoons, 9. Spoons of sil- 
ver gilt, the handle of each termi- 
nating in the figure of an apostle. 
They were the usual present of 
sponsors at christenings; rich 
sponsors gave the whole twelve ; 
those in middling circumstances 
gave four ; while the poorer sort 
often contented themselves with 
the gift of one, which bore the 
figure of some saint in honour 
of whom the child received its 
It is in aUnsion to thia 

custom, that^ when Crannier pro* 
fesset to be unworthy of being 
sponsor to the young princess, 
the king replies, " Come, come, 
my lord, you'd spare yenr 
spoons," tShakesp., Hen. VITI, 

And all this for the hope of two apoatf^ 
spoons, to suffer 1 and a cup to eat a 
caudlo in ! for that will be thy lepac;r. 
JB. Jons., Barth. Fatr, i,8. 

Apostolione, #. An ingredient, 
apparently a herb, mentioned in 
an old medical MS. In another 
there is a long recipe to make an 
apostoliconef composed of frank- 
incense, alum, &c. 

Apostrofation, 8, Apostrophe. 

Apozeme, t. {Gr. drroZfficLf a de- 
coction.) A drink made with 
water and divers spices and 
herbs, used instead of syrup. 

Appatrb, \v. {A.-N.) (1) To 

APFEYRB, J impair, make worse, 

or bring to decay. 

His neyghebonres ful of envy, his 
feyned freendes that seniede recoun- 
siled, and his flatereres, maden sem- 
blaunt of wepyng, and appeared and 
aggregged moche of this niatiere, in 
preisyng gretly Melib6 of niieht, of 
power, of riches, and of frendes, de- 
spisinge the power of his adversaries. 
Chaucer, T. ofMelibeus. 

What mendeth it you though that we both 
apaire ? ChoMcer, Tr. jr Cr., lib. ii, 1. 329. 

So well it maye with rethorike termei 

Whiche by my simplenes 1 would not wer 
appairea. Harding's Chron., f. 51. 

Gentlewomen, which feare neithd'r 
Sonne, nor winde, for appairing their 

Sir Thomas ElyoCs Governor, p. 61. 

But if 1 should so presume, 1 might 
apayr it; Ibr it was right wel and 
coTinyngly made, and translatyd into 
ryght good and fayr Engh'she. Caxton, 

Himself goes patched like some bare cot- 

Lest he might ought the future stodc 
appeyre. Bp. Hail's Sat., iv, 3. 

(2) To be brought to decay. 




A0 tliat lyvetb apvtsyrttk fatte. 

Hawktiu*s Old Flays, i, 88. 

He was of honest conversacion and 
pure integritie, no knower of evil, and 
a keper of all goodnes, a dispiser of al 
thynges wbych were woate to cause 
tJie myndea of mortal! nienne to slyde 
or appairen Bail, Edtoard IV, foL'34. 

Appalb, 1 o. To turn anything to 

APPALLK, j a pale colour. 

Hire liste not mppalled for to be, 
Mor on the morwe unfestliche for to see. 
Chaucer, Cant T., 10679. 

Appalls, e.(^.-iV.) To discourage; 
to terrify ; to appease : it is also 
used as a neuter verb, to be 
terrified; to grow mild; to be- 
come weak ; to fail. 

This discomfiture so amazed the wittes, 
and appAlled the hartes of the meane 
Gascons, that thei offered many tonnes 
te the Fi-euch part. 

Hall's Chrm., Henry VI, t. 79. 

*— — her misahaned parti did them appall, 
A loathly, wrinkled hag. 

Spenser, F. Q., I, viii, 46. 

And to the cuppe ay took I heede and cure 
tor that the drynke appalls sholde uoght. 


Wliiche never shall apjudlen in my minde, 
But always fresh been in myne meniorie. 
Frologus to Storie of Thebes. 

Appalement, 8, Consternation. 

Apparailb, v. {A.-N,) To equip ; 
to furnish. 

Appakangib, t. (A»'N.) Appear- 

Whose fained gestures doe entrap our youth 
With an apparancie of simple truth. 

Brown^s Brit. Fast., i, song 2. 

Apparate, 8. Apparatus. 

Apfarator, 9. (l4it) A seijeant; 

a beadle. 

Bailiffs^ promoters, jailors, and appmrafort. 
TAs Muses LooHng-glau, i, 1. 

Apparbil,«. {A.'N,) a word which 
Skinner inserts in his glossary of 
law terms, with the following 
explanation : ** Integra rationum 
subductio, item summa totius 
debiti, quae rationibus subscribi 
solet.'' The sum at the bottom 
of an account, which is still due. 

iippA&YSiXMTBS, 9,pk Omamcntti - 

Apparence, t. {A»'N.) An appear 

That is to wjw, to make Qlusion 
By swiche an apparenc or juglerie. . 
Chaucer, Cant. T., 11577. 

Apparented, part, /?. Made apjMU 

rent. Holinahed, 
Appariblynge, 8, A symbolical 

meaning ; an allegory. 

To tbys oi*dre croune bet 

Ys an apparyVynge, 
Thet hys in holv chcrche y-cleped wel 

The Aurste scuerynge 

Of clerke ; 
Gierke hys to segge an £n«rlysch, 

£yr ot Godes werke. W. de Shorekam, 

Appartsshande, adj. Apparent; 
brilliant. Cojeton. 

Apparitions, *. {A.-N.) Appear- 
ances. Applied especially to the 
appearance, or supposed appear- 
ance, after death, of departed 
spirits; yet sometimes, as in 
Shakespeare, understood literally. 

As this wicked people were strangers to 
their God in their conversation, so was 
God grown a stranger to them in his 

Bishop HaWs Contemplations, p 3. 

1 liave mark'd 

A Ihottsand blushing apparitions 
To start into her face. 

Muck Ado about Nothing, iv, S. 

Appasb, adv. Apace ; in pace. 

An actuarie, clarke or scribe, that wri< 
teth ones woides appose as they are 
spoken. AomencUitor,'lB8b, 

Appas8ionate,v. Tohave a passion 

AppASfttoNATBD, mdj. Violently 

stedfast; obstinate. 

The said Gower remained appassionated 

in the opinion of the Pope's suiiremHcy. 

Letter in Strypi^s Jnnals, iii, 135. 

Appeach, V, {A,'N* apetcker,) To 
impeach; to accuse. 

Bifore this yonge prophete this preost go 

Ana he him apecJud sone, with chekes wel 

paJe. Susan, st. xxiv. 

Now. bv mine honour, by my lif«» my troth* 
I will af^peaek the Tiilain. 




G eor g e Arimitronge was pardoned to tke 
•iide he shoulde afpeaehe the residue, 
which he did. 

Hotituked's Hut. ofSrotkmit p. 441. 

ArPKARANCE, 8, An apparition ; a 
vision. The word in this sense 
occurs in Rider'9 Dictionariet 

Appecbmentes, 9, Impeachments. 

Appetre. See Appairt, 

Appbirbment, t. \a,'N.) An im- 
pairing; diminution. 

To the grete ofpetremetU of hia moat 
royalle estate, nod cnpoTerisshyng of 
hym and aile his true commons and 
Buhjettis, and only to the enrichynge of 
themself. MS. Ashm^ lldO. 

Apfbl-leaf, *. {A.'S, tgn^Uleqf.) 
The violet. > 

Appelte, ad9. Haply. 

the mo afpeUn the tree bereth, the 

more sche boweth to the folk. 

Bomanee of the Monk, MS^ fol. 8 b. 

Appellacion, 9, (A,-N,) An ap- 

peal from an inferior to a supe- 

rior court. 

This sentence shall ncrer be repelled, 
ne it may not be ap|)elled, for the 
mpfellaeyon shall never i>e receyved. 

Qolden Legend, foL 5. 

Appblunh, t. A dish made of apples 
and other ingredients. See a 
receipt for making it in Warner^ 
Aniiq. Cn/tn., p. 89. 

Appende, v. {A.'N.) To belong ; to 
appertain to. See Apende. 

Tel me to whom, madame. 
That treaour appendelh. 

Fiers PI, p. 17. 

Appene, V, To happen. Work- 
worih*9 CAron., p. 2. 

Appennagb, t. (fV.) That which 
is set apart by princes for the 
support of their younger children. 

Apperceive, 9. (A.'N.) To per- 
ceive. See Apercehe, 

Apperceivino, «. Perception. 

Apperx, 9. (.^..JV.) To deck oat 
to apparel. See Appairp, 

Apperil, a. Peril. Middktim and 
Ben Joruon, 

Let me stay at thine etpperil, 

Timom cf Aihen», i, S. 

Appbrtainment, «. The circiira- 
stance of appertaining to. 

Appertinaunt, jMr/. a. Belonging 
to. An astrological term. 

AppERTrcBS, a. (^.-iNT.) Dexteri- 

Crete strokes were smTten on botba 
sydes, many men wrertbrowen, harte, 
and slayn. and grete valyauncea, prow- 
esses Hiid ayperJyce* of werre were that 
day shewed, whiche were orer long to 
recounte the noble feates of every man, 
Mwrte d^ Arthur, i, 14S. 

Appese, 9. {A,-N.) To pacify. To 
eppe9e one*s self, to become paci- 

And TnllinB aaith : Ther ia ao thing sc 
comendable in a gret lord, as whan he 
is deboiiaire and meeke, and Mpentk 
him lightly. Ckaueer, T. qfMet^eus, 

Appbtencb, t. {Lot. cppettniia,) 


Appetite, v. To desire ; to covet. 

As matire appeiilitk forme alwaie. 
And from forme into forme it wssin male. 
Sypsipjfle mnd Medea, 9X5. 

Appetition, a. {Lat, tg^petitio.) 
Desire for anything. 

Appbtizb, v. To provoke an appe- 
tite for food. North, 

Appett, 8, Appetite ; desire. 

Appibrt, q^. Open ; public See 

Appionoratb, v. {Lat, appignioiro.) 
To put in pawn ; to pledge. 

Snch Ubliopolista are maeh to blama» 
When a good anthor's dead, t' abuse his 

These tricks they pky and act withovt 

For money they'll mmignorate their sooL 

Apple, v. To bottom, or root firmly, 
in the ground. ** The turnips do 
not apple" 

Apple- BEE, a. A wasp. Comw. 

AppLB-BiAD,t. A chaffinch. Comifi 




Apsll-btsa, t. A dealer in apples. 

Here is Glyed Wolby of Gylforde squyere, 
Andrewe of Habyugedon apeU-byer. 

Cocke LoreUei BoU. 

Applb-dronb, t. A wasp. West, 

Afple-orat, ddj. Dapple grey. 

Hit head wm troubled in such a bad plight, 
As though his eyes were apple-gray. 
King mnd « Foore Nortkeme Man, 1640. 

Applb-boolin, t. An apple turn- 
over. SwffoUt, It is made by 
folding sliced apples with sugar 
in a coarse crust, and baking 
them without a pan. 

Apple-jack, «. An apple turnover. 

Apple-john, 9. An apple, which 
will keep two years, and conse- 
quently becomes very withered. 

I am wltlier*d like an old apple-Jokm. 

2 He». IF, iii, 8. 

Tis better than the pome-water or amaU- 
John. 0. F^rtmn. Jne. Dr., iii, 193. 

Nor John-appte, whose wither'd rind, ea- 

By many a fmnow, ^Uy represents 
l)eerepid age. PkilUpe, Cider, b. L 

Applb-moise, t. (1) Cider. 

(2) A dish composed of apples. 
See Appulmoy* 

Applen, 8,pL Apples. 

Applb-pbab, 9. A kind of pear, 
perhaps the tankard pear. 

Applb-fib-bed. a common trick 
in schools. The bed is arranged 
somewhat in the fashion of an 
apple-tiimover, the sheets being 
doubled so as to prevent any one 
from getting at his length be- 
tween them. 

Applb-pie-o&dbb, 9, Anything in 
very great order. 

Applb-pips, t. Divination by appiC' 
ptpsi To ascertain whether her 

• pretended lovers really love her 
or not, the maiden takes an apple 
pip, and naming one of her fol- 
lowers, puts the pip in the fire; if 
it cracks in bursting from the 
heat, it is a proof of love, but if 
U it contumeid without noise, she 

real regard in that person towsrdi 
her. Datfy'sMS. 

Appleplex, «. The apoplexy. A^ 

Apples-of-love, «. The fruit of a 
foreign species of nightshade, said 
to be an aphrodisiac. 

ApPLE-sauiRB, «. This very popn* 
lar word was evidently used in 
more than one sense. An apple- 
squire was sometimes a kept 
gallant ; at others, a person wh6 
waited on a woman of bad cha- 
racter. The name was also applied 
to the person who fetched in the 
wine. Its most common signifi- 
cation appears to have been a 

Boyes which do attende upon oommuBe 
barlottea^ called apple^tnree, 

HfUoet'9 Aheeeiarimm, 1652. 

Is Cupid fit to be an aiple-4q%ire. 

Of filtliy lust to take the loathsome byre? 

The Newe MetamorphoM, MS, temp., foe. I. 

Is lechery wax*d scarce, is bawdry scant. 
Is there of whores or cuckolds any want? 
Are whore-miaters deeai'd, are all bawda 

Are panders, pimps, and apple-sqtdret, all 

fled f Taylor's Workt, 1680. 

Each bush, eadi bank, and each base appi^ 

Can serve to sate their beastly lewd desire. 

SalFs Satires, i, 2. 

Aquarioloe, festo, impudicamra roulie* 
rum sordidus assecia, woprodicucoFOi, 
KacquercRU, rufien. A ruffluly knave : 
an apple-sqwre: a filUiie ana bawdie 
knave attending upon whores : a wittall 
tliat keepeth the doore whiles his wife 
is occupied. NomencUUor, 1585. 

His little lackey, a proper yong appU' 
suuire, called Pandarus, whiohe carnetb 
the keye of his chamber with hym. 

BMlUen's Dialogue, 1673. 

Apple-stucklin, 8. An apple- 
turnover. Hampths 

Applb-tebrb, *, An apple orcharcL 
Formerly used in Sussex, bow 

AppLE-TWELfN, «. An apple-turn* 
over. Norfolk. 
I Applb-yabd, t. An apple orchard 



Appliablb, adj» Capable of being 

Appliance, 9. An application. 
Appliment, 8. Application. 
Applot, v. To plot ; to contrive. 
Apply, v. {^.-N.) To take a course 

towards ; to ply to ; to apply to. 

A nautical term. 
Appo, 8. An apple. Chesh. 
Appoast, V, (Fr.) To Bubom. 


Appoint, », To impute. 

Appointment, 8. Preparation. 

Here art thou in appointment ireih and 
. fair, 

Anticipating time with starting courage. 
Troilns and Cremda, iv, 6. 

Apponb, v. {Lat. appono.) To dis- 
pute with; to oppose in ar- 

Apposatle, 8. {A,-N.) Question ; 

Whan he went out his enmies to assayle. 
Made unto her this micouth apfosayle, 

Bochas, b. v, c. 23. 

Appose, v. {A.-N,) To raise ques- 
> tions ; to object; to dispute with; 
, to examine. 

Tlio the poepte hym apposede 
With a peny in the temple. 

Piers Fl.^ p. 18. 

Apposition, s. (Lai,) Annexation 

of substantives. A grammatical 


Bat this yonge cliildryne that gone to 
the scole have in here Bonete this 
questione, how many thinges fallen to 
apposicion ? Ande it is answeride, that 
case alle only that is afalle. 

Gesta Bomanorumt p. 478. 

Appositees, «. Opposites; anti- 
podes. Maundevile, 

Apprehension, «. {Lat) Catch- 
ing ; laying hold of. 

Apprehensive, adj. (Lat.) Of 
quick conception. 

. Yon are too quick, ioo apprehensive. 

Every Man out of his Humour. 

Thou art a mad apprehensive knave. * 

0. P., iv, 348. 

APPB.EIFFK, n. (Fr.) Contrivance. 

Apprentioe-at-law, 9. A conii* 
sellor, the next in rank under « 

Apprest, 8, (Fr.) Preparation. 

All the winter following Vespasian laft 
at Yorke, making his apprests against 
the next spring to go aeainst the Scots 
and Picts. Holinshed, Hist. Scot., p. 48. 

Apprinze, 8, (Fr,) Capture. 

I mean not now th' apvrintse of Pucell Jone. 
Mirrourfor Magistrates^ ed. 1610. 

Apprise, «. {A.-N,) Learning. 

Approacher, t. One who ap- 
proaches or draws near. 

Approbate, part, p, (Lat, (qipro* 

hatu8,) Approved ; approved of. 

Havyn^ perfect confidence, and sure 
hope in the approbate fidelitie and 
eonstaunt inti^tie whiche I have ever 
experimented. Hall, Edward IF, fol. 60. 
He utterly refuael to receyve tho 
crowne, except the law established hj 
his father Kenneth for the succession 
therof were first confirmed uid aj>> 
Holinshed's Histprie qf Scotland, p. S27. 

Thomas earle of Lancaster was hai^gped aufl 

With sixteene hatroM moe in Edward the 

Second's daies ; 
The filthy demeanor that then was e^ 

I abhor to recite, they tooke such naughtie 

wayea. Hohne^s Fall of Rebellion, p. 8. 

Approbation, t. (1) Approval; 

(2) A noviciate. 
Approchemxnt, 8. Approach. 
Apprompt, v. To prompt. Baeon, 
Approof, t. Approbation. 

So his «fipr0^ lives not in 's epiti^h. 
As in your royal speech. 

JlVs WeU that Ends WeU, i, S. 

A man so ahsolute in my approof. 
That nature hath reserved small digaily. 
That he eigoys not. Cynthia*s JSamB, 

AppROPiNOtJATB, 1 V. (Lat,) To 

APPROPiKQiTE, J approach ; to 

come near. 

Appropre, 1 9. {A.'N. eqipro* 

AFPROPBR, jprier,) To appro]^- 


The fyrst name is the wont of God, anA 
these names ben appropryd tahjm* 

QoIJm Isgeitd, t7* 




fh» Svangelystea dyd applye and 
tipproper tliat prophane word jBcclesU 
to 8i(rnify the whole company of christen 
peple. Sir T. Mortis Works, p. 428. 

Approve, t. (Fr.) To justify ; to 
make good ; to bring proof of. 
liatabrun in likewise endevored her on 
the other syde to approve the said 

injury, bi hir conuniaed and pur- 

pensed. Heylai, p. 27. 

Approver, ». {A.-N.) An in- 
former. A person who had the 
letting of the king's demesnes in 
small manors to the best advan- 
tage was termed an approver, 

Appuonant, adj, {Lot.) Quar- 

Appulle, 9. An apple. 

Appulmot, I «. {j.'S.) A dish in 

APPULMOCE, I cookery, of which 

APPULMOS, J apples were the 

principal ingredient. *' Appulmost 

dishmete, pomacium." Prompt, 

Parv., ed. 1499. 

Jppwlmoy. — Takt apples and seetli hem 
in water. Drawe hem tliureh a stynnor. 
Take almande mylke, and lionv, and 
floerofrys, safroo, and powdor-fort, and 
salt J ana seeth it stondyng. 


Fbr to make appulmos. — Nym appelyn, 
and seth hem, and lat hem kele, and 
make hem thorw a clothe; and on 
flesch dayes kast thereto god fat breyt 
of bef, and god wyte grees, and sugar, 
and safron, and almande my Ik ; on fysch 
dayes oyle de olyve, and gode pow< 
dert ; and serve it fortlie. 

Cookery Receipts, 1381. 

kpvvYED,part,p,(Fr.) Supported. 


Aprainb, «. An apron. 

Item, if any common woman were any 
apraine, she shal forfait hit, and make a 
fine after the custiinie of the manor, 
&c. Regulations of the Stews, 15th cent. 

Afkaysvt, part. p. Praised. Rob' 
son* a Romances J p. 14. 

Apres, «. Cloth of Ypres in Flan- 
ders, famous for its woollen manu- 
facture, "j. cosfiT oi apres lynyd 
with lynen clothe." Sir John 
Fastolfe*s Inventory fArduBologiUt 
ui, 263. 

Apricate, V, {Lat. (g»rieo,) To 

bask in the sun. 
Aprication, s. Basking in the 

Apricitt, t. {Lat. apricitas.) The 

warmth of the sun. 
Apricock, s. An apricot. West, 

See Abricock, 

Hop in his walks, and gamlK)] in his eyes; 
Feed him with apricocks and dewberries. 
Saakesp., Mids. H. D., iii, 1 

April-gowk, «. An April fool. 

Aprilled, adj. Applied to beer or 

milk which has turned, or is 

beginning to turn, sour: also to 

a person whose temper has been 

disturbed. Devon, 
Aprinb, s. {Lat.) A poison which 

was said to come from swine 

when maris appetentes, 
Aprise, s. {A.-N.) (1) Learning. 

(2) An enterprise ; an adventure. 

On that other half is Darie, y-i 
Wroth and grim, and alle his, 
For Aiisaunders gret aprise. 

K. AlisoMnder, 1. 8629. 

Than sayd Lybeaus, Be 8e3rnt Jame, 
To save thys mayde fro scham^ 
Hyt wer a fayr apryse. 

Ljfb. Diseon., L 604 

Apron, «. (1) A hog's caul. East, 
(2) The fat skinny covering of 
the belly of a duck or goose. 

Apron-man, s, A waiter. 

We had the salute of welcome, gentle- 
men, presently: Wilt please ye see a 
chamber? It was our pleasure, as we 
answered the apron-man, to see, or b« 
very neare the roome where all that 
noise was. 

Rowley's Search for Money, 1609. 

Aprovb, V, To prove. See Ap* 

Aps, t. {A,-S, €9»«.) The asp or 
aspen tree. A word used in 
Warwickshire, and also in the 
South and West of England. 

Apsen, {adj.) Of, or belonging to 
the asp tree. 

Apt, 9. {^Lat. apto.) To adapt to 
fit to; to render fit for anything. 




Tlie lymbols used, are not, neither 
(Wght to be, simply hieroglyphics, em- 
blems» or impreses, but a mixed cha- 
racter, partaking somewhat of all, and 
peculiarly aptea to these more magnifi- 
cent inventions. BmJotuon. 

And some one a^tetk to be trusted then. 
Though never after. 

B. Jon., Fores:. JBp., xii. 

4nd here occasion apieth that we cata- 
logue awhile. 

Wamet't Alhumt Engl 

Aptes, t. pi. Aptitudes. 

Thei han as well divers ap/««, and divers 
maner usyuges, a^i thiltc apte* moweu 
in will ben deped affeccions. 

Chattcer, ed. Urry, p. 617- 

Apt-tindino, adj. Having a ten- 
dency to ignite. 

If th* exhalation hot and oily prove. 
And yet (as feeble) giveth plnce above 
To th' airy regions ever-lasting frost. 
Incessantly th' apt-tinding fume is tost 
Till it inflame : then like a squib it falls. 
Or fire-wing'd shaft, or sulp'liry powder- 
balls. SyUfester*t VuBarUu. 

Apurt, atfy'' Impertinent. Somer- 
9et, Sullen, disdainfully silent. 

Apybs, s. pi. Apes. 

Aqua-acuta, 8, {Lat.) A compo- 
sition of tartaric and other acids, 
formerly used for cleaning ar- 

Aqua BOB, t. An icicle. KenU 

AauAKB, V. To tremble. 

AauAL, adj. Equal. North, 

ActUAPATis, 8. A kind of pottage. 

Aguapatys. — Pil garlec, and cast it in a 

Kt with water and oile, and seeth it. 
t thereto safron, salt, and powder- 
fort, and dresse it forth hool. 

Forme of Cury,lB90. 

Aquat, adv. Sitting on the houghs. 

Aquatil, adj. {Lat.) Inhabiting 

the water. 
Aquatokies, 8. (Lat.) Watery 

places. An astrological term. 
AauA-viTiB, 8. {Lat.) A general 

term for ardent spirits. Icth 

aqua-vitsB was usquebaugh. 

Aqua-titje man, 8. A seller of 


Sell the dole beer to a^ua-vita «m. 

Ben Jons., Alek., i, X, 

AojjiaiQaTfpret.t, ofaquake, (from 

{A.'S, queccan.) Shook ; trem* 


The gleumen useden her tnnge ; 
Hie wode aqueiqktte so hy sunge. 

Kyng AUsaunder, 5257. 

AauEiNT, {\) part. p. of aquenche. 

Quenched with water; destroyed. 

(2) Acquainted. 

Heo desirith nothyng more. 
Than to beo to you aqieeynt. 

Ajfng Alisaunderf 75Ml 

Aqubintable, adj. Easy to be ac- 
quainted with. 

AQjjKhi,vs,v. { J. 'S.aewettan.) To 

kill ; to destroy ; to vanquish. 

And her gref anon hem teld, 
Hou Fortieer her king aquelJ. 

Arthour and Merlin, p. 16. 

And gif y schal be thus tUfUeUL 
Thurch strong hete in the feld. 
It were (^n the skille. 

&y of Warwike, p. 383. 

AauENCHE, V. {A.'S. aeteencan.) 

To quench ; to destroy. 

Nothing he ne founde in al the nijte, 
Wer-mide his honger aauencke mittte. 
BeUq.Antiq., u,%74. 

AavETONs, 8. Acquittance. Boke 
qf Curtasye^ p. 25. 

Aquite, V. (^.-A'l ) (1) To acquit. 

(2) To requite. 

He wole aqwyte us ry th wele oure mede. 
Coventry JfyeUritt, p. 88S. 

(3) To pay for. 

Or if his M-inning be so lite, 
Tliai his labour will not aquite 
Sufflciauntly al his living, 
Yet may he go his brede begging. 

Bomaunt of ike i^e, 0748. 

AauoiNTE, part, p. Acquainted. 

Rob. Gloue,f p. 465. 
Aquot, adj. Cloyed ; weary with 

eating. Devon. 

AauoT, adv. Coyly ; shyly. 

With that she knit her browi» 
And looking all aquoy. 

Qeorge BamweU, 9d p4 




Am, (1) f. (A.'S.) A scar; a pock* 
mark. North. It U found in MSS« 
of the 15th cent. 
(2) s. (J.'S. or,) An oar. 
(3)coiy. Or. 
l4)prtp. (A.'S. oTf or.) Before. 

AJbonte mydnyght, at the dav. 

Aracs, V. {A,'N,) To draw away 
by force. 

And in hir fwoagh so ndly holdith ncht 
Bir chDdren too, whan ache gan hem 

That with gret sleight and gret difflcnlt^ 
Tht cfaikh'en from her aim they gonne araee. 
Chaueer, Ctmt. T., 8979. 

So that the remembraunce of theire 
peatylent errooiti were araeed oat of 
Xngliahe mennes heartes. 

Sir T. More't Worts, p. 36&. 

^f !f, ] «• The herb orach. 

Araodb, pret. /. of mrede. Ex- 

Arafs, 8, Some kind of precious 


Hir paytrelle was of a rialle fyao^ 
Hir eropar was of ar^. 

MS. (Mai., 14a eeiU. 

Araftb, pret t, Stmck ; smote. 

A&AOBo, adj. Enraged. 

Abaine, 1 «. {A.'N,) A spider. 

ARKAN, J iVbf/«. and Northan^t, 

Sweep th' amuu down, till all be clam, 

neer lin, 
Els he'l leaok all agye when he comes in. 
torkthir* Didlogue, 1697. 

Araisb, 1 m 

Aranke, adv. In a row. 
Arapb, adv, {Lai.) Quickly. 

Over theo table he leop onqM. 

Kyng Alxsauuder, 4889. 

Ara8, (1) pret, of arite. Arose. 

(2) s. pi. Arrows. 

Arate, V, (A.'S,) To rate ; to scold. 

And foule y-rebnked. 
And aratea of riche 

Xhat rathe if to here. 

PMr« it, p. ttSb 

Thyng that al the world mcH, 
Wherfore sholdestow spare 
To reden it in retorik 
To taraU dedly synne f 

PimPf., p. 908 

Araught, pret, of ereehe. (1) 

Seized ; took away by force. 

In that forest woned an herd 
That of bestes loked an slerd. 
O best him was araught; 
Wide-war he hit hadde i-songht 

Semyn Sages, 1. 896. 

(2) Struck, or seized by the 

Right bifor the doukes fet 

6q araught him with a staf gret. 

Chg of JFartriket p> 935. 

He aramght no man with a ryght strook 
bat he bare him doun to the erth. 


(3) Reached. 

Fbrice the ring here arau^t. 
And he him a5en hit breauft 

Floriee and BUmcA^lomr. 

Arawr, adv. In a row. 

(2) Equipage. 

(3) Clothing. 

(4) Condition, or situation. 

All these different meanings of 
the word are found in Chaucer. 


Up ryst this jolyf lover Abiolon, 
And him arrayeth cay at poynt devys. 
Chaucer, Cant. 2*., 8689. 

(2) To dispose; to afflict. 

(3) To defile. ** I fyle or araye, 
je saUa," PaUgrave, " I fyle or 
araye with myer, je emboueJ* 

Aratned, part. p. Tied up hj the 

Abatntb, «. (A.'N.) Sand. 
Aratsing, part, a. Advandng; 

Arbbr, (l)s. (A.'N,) An arbour; 

a grove of trees. 

And in the garden, as I wene. 
Was an arber fayre and greni^ 
And in the arher was a tre, 
A fayrer in the world miebt none ^ 




(2) To make the ar5«*, or arbourt 
A phrase in hunting, to disem* 
bowel the animal. The dogs 
are then rewarded with such 
parts of the entrails as are con- 
sidered to he offal. It is applied 
metaphorically to the embowel- 
ling of a traitor. 

Buberi. Not here, my lord. 
Let them be broken up upon a scaffold. 
T will shew the better when their arbour'a 
mada. Beaum. and Fl, 

Arbbrie, t. (A,'N.) Wood. 

Arbbsbt, 8, {A.'N.) A strawberry 


Thou Bchalt frnde trowet two : 
Seyntes and holy they buth bo. 
Byeher than in othir contray all; 
Aroeset men heom callith. 

Eyng AluautuUr, 6766. 

Arbitrate, v. (Lat.) To deter- 
mine. Shakesp. 

Arbitrie, 9, (J,-N,) Jadgment. 

Arbitrkment, 8. Arbitration. 

At length came certaine English, Scots, 

and Dutch, 
Vfho hearing their contention grow so 
I much, 

would tahe upon them an ofHttgnneni, 
To make all friends: so onto cups they 


Bowlands, KnoMS qfSp.^ D., 1613. 

Plod. Suppose one woman be indebted to 

another, wliat would you then determine? 

Breakb. Why, in that case, let her that 

is fairest and most beloved of men in 

commiseration forgive t'other. 

Clev. An arbiirament of love, you'll end it, 


Howard^ Man of Newmarket, 1678. 

Arblast, 8. {A.'N,) An arbalest. 

But rise up your mangonel, 
And cast to tlieir tree-castel. 
And shout to them with arhloit. 

Richard Coerdelion, 1867- 

Arblastir, 8, {A.-N,) (1) An 

arbalest, or cross-bow. 

(2) One who shoots with an 


Erles, barons and squyers. 
Bowmen and arblattirs. 

Bichard Coer de Lion, 1810. 

AmMomsT, 8, A shrub. 

Arboor. See Arber (2). 

Arbouses, 8, The dark hard cherry. 

Arbustbo, adj. Filled with straw- 
berry trees. 

What pleasures poets fame of alter death. 
In the Eiiiean arbusted groves. 

CypHoH Aeademf, 1647. 

Arc, t. A cirrhus, or cloud in the 
form of a streak crossing the sky. 
Herrford8h. See Ark, 

Arcane, ai^, (Lat) Secret. 

Have I been disobedient to thy words F 
Have I bewray'd thy arcaKe secrecy? 

Loerine, v, 6. 

Arcel, 8, Liverwort. Skinner, 
Arch. (1) A chief; a master. 

The noble duke, my master, 
My worthy arch and patron, comes to- 
night. EiHff Laar, ii, I. 

(2) A piece of ground left uh- 
worked. A term in mining. 

Archax, t. Liverwort. Phillips, 

Archangel, 8, (1) The dead net- 

(2) A kind of bird. Horn, of the 
Rose, 915, where the origina: 
French is meean^e, a titmouse. • 

Archaroe, 8, An acorn. Prompt 

Arch-dean, «. Used by Gascoigne 
for archdeacon. 

For bishops, prelates, aieh-deatu, deans, 
and priestes. 

Steel. GUu. Chalm. Poets, ii, 658, a. 

Archoiacrb, 8, (A"-N.) An arch- 

Archer, t. The bishop at chess 
was formerly so called. 

Arc hex, «. An orchard. Wili8, 

Archewiyes, 8, Wives of a 8u« 
perior order. 

Ye archetpyves, stondith at defens, 

S^n ye ben strong as is a greet chamayle, 

^e suffre not that men yow don offens. 

Chancer, Cant. T., 9071. 

Archidecline. The name given 
to the master of the feast at tha 
marriage in Cana. 




ARCHiMASTRTSy t. A term applied 
to chemistry, as the most im- 
portaDt of all sciences. Aah" 
mole*9 Theat. Chem, Brit., p. 13. 

Architect, t. Architecture. 

To finde an house y-bitilt for holy deed. 

With goodly arehitert and cloiiten wide. 

Browne's Brit. FastoraU, 1626. 

AacHiTEMPLKS, 8. Chief temples. 
Xob. Glouc.y p. 74. 

Archmastrie, 8, Arithmetic. 

Arch.pipe, t. The throat. This 
word occurs in Florio's New 
World of Words, 1611, p. 36. 

Arcubalister, t. (Lat.) An arba** 
lester. Holiiuhed, 

Ar]>, 1 adj. (1) High: used 
AiRD, J chiefly in the names of 
places. I n Cumberland the term 
is used to describe the quality of 
a place, a country, or a field; 
thus, ard land means a dry, 
parched, arid soil ; apparently a 
secondary sense, such lands being 
dry, parched, 9cc,, only because 
they lie high. 
(2)' Hard. Rob. Glouc. 

Ardblion, g. (Lat. ardeHo,) A 

busy-body, a meddler. 

Ardelions, busie-bodies, as we are, it 
were much fitter for ns to be quiet, tit 
•till, and take our ease. 

Burton, Anat. cfMel., 1, 260. 

Ardbn, 8. Fallow quarter. Cumb. 
See Arder8, 

Ardens, 8, An ordinance ; a com- 

Ardentnesse, 8. Earnestness. 

Arder,». A kind offish. Verstegan, 
in Ellis 8 Literary Letters, p. 108. 

Ardbrs, l«.(^.-iS.) Fallowings or 
ARDOURS, j ploughings of ground. 

And being in the towne, let him not 

goe to see any man therein, except it 
e in winter, or at such time as when 
his liarvest is in, and his seede time 
and first order be dtspatcht, to the end, 
that by one and Uie same meanes he 
may attend upon his causes in con- 
troversie, and goe about the getting in 
«f his debts. 
Mmrkktm, 7%« Cmmtrie Fiumu, p. 27, 


Ardt, adj. Hardy. ArdiUehe, 


Ardure, 8. {A.'N.) Burning. 

Are. (1) «. An oar. 

His maister tlian thai fand 
A bot and an are. 

Sir Trittrem, p. 16S. 

(2) 8. A hare. 

(3) adv. Before. 

Ne seite y never are 
So wilde best y-wroueht. 

Sir Trietrem, V. I, at. xlii. 

(4) V. To plough. Kersey gives 
this as a provincial form of the 
word. See Ere. 

(5) 8. An heir. 

(6) *. {A.'S.) Honour ; dignity. 

I>ame, he seyde, be Goddys are, 
Easte any money thou woldvst ware f 
Bitson's Fop. foet., p. 70. 

(7) 8, A note in music, the lowest 
but one in Guido's scale. 

(8) *. (A.'S.) Mercy. 

Swete Tsoude, thin are. 
Thou preye the kins for me. 

Sir Tnetrem, p. Ml. 

(9)9. An hour. Lane. 
Aread, "I ^ ^jg aradan.) To 
AREBD, > ^jggjgjg . ^Q explain. 

AREDE, J * ^ 

Therefore more plain aread this doubtful 

Spenser, Daphnaida, 1. 182. 

And many perils dotli to us areed 
In that wnereof we seriously entreat. 
Drayt., Moses B., ii, p. 1684. 

F. Sad swain aread, if that a maid may 

What cause so great effects of grief hath 

wrought? Brit. FastoraU. 

Areadiness, t. Readiness. 
Aready, ready. 

Arbar, adv. Upright. Kent. 

Arearage, 8. (A.'N.) The re- 
mainder of an unpaid account ; 
money unpaid at the time when 
due. Cowell says, " it signifieth 
the remain of an account, or a 
sum of money remaining in tho 
hands of an accountant." 

Arearb, ^adv,(A.'N.) Behind} 
I, j in default. 




To tilt nnd turner, wrestle in the sand. 
To leave wit, speed Atlaiita in arrear. 

Fair/. T., ii, 40. 

But when his force gau faile, his pace {tan 
wex areare. Sp., F. Q., Ill, vii, 24. 

Areatjt, 1 adv. Out of doors. 

RBAWT, J Yorksh. and Lane, 
Arechb, 9. (1) (j4.'S. areean, to 
declare.) To utter; to declare. 

But as sone as Beryn had pleyne know- 

That his eyen were y-lost, unneth he mycht 

O word for pure anguyshe. 

Uitt. ofBeryn^ 1. 2999. 

(2) (A.-S. areceaHf to explain.) 

Crist and Seint Stevene, 

Quoth Horn, areche thy svevene. 

A. Hom^ 1. 668. 

(3) {A.'S, ar(Bcan, to reach to.) 
To reach ; to attain. 

He that wyle further streche 

Than liys schetyn wyl areche^ 

In the strau he clial'hys feet feche. 

Harl. MS., No. SS62, foL 4, r. 

On foot he was, and he on layde ; 
Mauve under hys hand ther deyde, 
Al that liys ax areehe mvght, 
Hon and man he slowgh dounryght. 

Bichard, 1. 7089. 

Arbckellt, adv. Directly. /. (/ 

Areddb, v. {A,-S. ahreddan,) To 

Arede, V, (J.-S. ar€Bdan.) (1) To 

guess; to explain or interpret. 

See Aread, 

a thousand bugles of Ynde, 

And two thousand oxen, als I tynde j 
Withouten liorses, withouten steden, 
Of whiche no man ne couthe areden 
The nombre, hot the hevenc kyng, 
Tliat woot the sothe of al thing. 

K. Jlitaunder, L 5116. 
To gease and arede upon his dark ridles. 
Sir T. More'* Works, p. 616 

(2) To advise ; to give counsel to ; 
to apprize ; to give warning of. 
Peculiar to Spenser. 

Therefore to me, my trusty friend, arede 
Thy counsel : two Is better than one head. 
Mother Hubberd's Tale, p. 6. 
jtfHdt Mdd he, which way did he make? 

/. q., V, i, 19. 

Aredge, 8. The sharp edge of th« 

angle. North. 
Arbdilt, aJe.' Easily; readily. 
Arbdy, adj. Ready. 

And that we hys mote aredy have. 
Lord, her at oure nede. 

Jftlliam de Shareheim. 

Aredtnes, 8, Readiness. 
Areed, a. Counsel ; advice. 
Arehthb, *. {A.-S. yrhi,) Fear. 

Ah neotheles, in one felde. 
Mid belde woi-de, an mid ilete, 
Deth his i-vo for arehthe swete. 

Hule and Nyghtingale, 1. 1701. 

Arbioht, pret, of areche. Struck. 
Areise, V, To raise. 

Fol wroth than that werwolf wax of that 

And bremly his bristeles he (ran tho mtnte. 
William and the Werwolf, p. 166. 

Arb-lumbs, «. Heir-looms. North, 
Arblt, adv. Early ; soon. 
Arek, pre8t. t,pl, of be. Are. 
Arende, *. {A,'S, mrend.^ An er- 
rand ; a message. 
Arbngb, 1 adv, {A.-N.) On a row ; 
ARBNK, J in a series. "Arenge^ or 
arowe. Seriatim." Pron^t, Parv, 

And ladde him and his moueket 

Into a wel fair halle, 
And sette hem adouu arenk, 

And wosche here fet alle. 

St. Brandon, p. 19. 

Arenulous, adj. {Lat,) Full of 
fine sand. 

Arerage,*. (.<^.-iV.) Arrear. "The 
remain of an account, or a sum 
of money remaining in the handt 
of an accountant.*' CoweU, 

Arere, \v, {A.'S. araran.) To 
A REAR, J raise ; to rear, as a horse. 

And yeve ns erace goodnesse to lere 
Of ham that before ns were, 
Crysteudom how they gonne arere. 

Octovian, L 21. 

Arbrb, adv. (A.-N.) (1) Back- 
wards; behind. 

My blaspheming now have I bought fol 

All yerthly joie and mirthe J set arere, 

Testament qf Creseide, S66k 




(f) Back. A terra in bare-hunU 

ing, used when the hounds were 

let loose. 

Ihat all mave bym here, he shall saye arere. 

Book of St. Jihons. 

(3) V, To retreat. 
Arssk, V, (from j1,-S, areosian, to 
fall down, perish.) To totter. 

Tlioorgh themoaht tbe fom was wight^ 
The toBches in the tre he emit ; 
The tre aretedo as hit wold falle. 
The herd was sort adrad withalle. 

Sevyn Sages^ L 916. 

Akbson, v. {A,'N. aretoner, to in- 
terrogate, to reason.) To inter- 
rogate; to reason, or debate, with. 

Ther fours at Borne were, to areiom the 

The right for to declare, and for the parties 
to schape. Langtqft, p. 814. 

Sir, he seyd, we han gon mis, 
8che hath tur«$oun ous bifom. 

Legend ofSeytU Katerinet p. 181. 

As the kyng rod with dnykes and eorlis. 

He mette with two olde cheorlis. 

To the navel theo herd beng: 

Thns areeoned heom tbe kyng. 

Sot me now, ye olde bore 1 

(liony day is seothe ye weore Ixnre,) 

Wite ye eghwar by my weyes, 

Any mexveiUesby this wayes. 

AlwuMtderi L 8761. 

Abkst, (1) *. {A,'N,) Arrest ; con- 
straint; delay. 

(2) pm* t. of arede, Relatest. 

Palmer, ryghtly thon arett 

Alle the maner. 
Sarst thou ryde upon thys best 

To tbe ryvcre. 
And water bym that thoa ne falle? 
OcUman Imperator, 14S6. 

(3) a^. Rancid. Prompt, Parv, 
Abbstb, v. {J.'N,) To stop. 

And ther onre host bigan bis hors arestOt 
And seyde, Lordns, herkeneth if yow lest«. 
Cluuteer, CeuU. T^ 829. 

Abb8tnk8SI,«. Rancidity. **Ar€8U 
iMiMofflesshe. Rancor. Rancitas." 
Prwnpt, Parv. See Reaaty, 

A»B8T90iB,«. Apparently the name 
of an herb. ^rcA«o%ta,xxz,404. 

Abbthbdb, «. (A.'S.) Honour. 

Abbtik, f. Arthritica. *'Growte 
aretik." Medieai MS. lith cent. 

Arbtte,1 V. (A,-N.) (1) To im. 
ABKTB, J pute ; to attribute, aUol* 
or decree. A person was arretted 
who was "covenanted before a 
judge, and charged with a crime." 
Cowelly Interpreter^ 1658. 

And yf there be ony thyne wretOB 
or sayd to her playsir, y shul thynko 
my labour well employed ; and were as 
ther is defawte, that she arette hyt to 
the sympienes of my connynge, whidio 
is fttl smalle in this behaJve, and reqnyre 
and praye alle them that shall rede this 
same werke to correct hy^ and hold me 

CaxUm^in. Berber ft Ahub, i, 8. 

As keepers of the church, judces, and 
right sovereiffti bishops, which do arete 
the arms of the church and of tbe whole 
world unto their proper glory. 


(2) To Talue, to esteem. 

Abbyant, adv. Back again. 

The mevn shalle ye nebylle, 
And 1 shalle sync the trebilleb 
Jrevant tbe derme, 
TiUe alle this bole rowte. 

Towneleg Myeteriet^ p. 819. 

Abbw, adv. (A.'S.) In a row. 
Arbwb, v. {A.'S,) (1) To pity. 

Jhestt Christ arew hem sore, 
Ant seide he wolde vacche hem thore. 
Harrowiftg qfHeU^ p. 16. 

(2) To make to repent ; to grieve. 

The mayster mason moste be ful secnrly 
Bothe stedefast, trusty, and trwe, 
Hyt shal hym never thenne arewe. 

Const. ofMeMmrift p. 16. 

\\Tw^8.}*-"-(^-*-) Arrow.. 

Arbtnb, v. {A.-N.) To arrest. 
Abfe, adj. (A.'S.) Afraid ; back- 
ward. North. See Argh. 

Whangfa, mother, how she rowts! Isevami 

Shee*! put and mt my mod prunella scarfis. 
Forkshire Dialogue^ p. 86. 

Abo, v. (1) To argue. Weet. 

(2) To quarrel. Northampt. 

(3) To grumble. Sueees. 
Aroabushb, s. a harquebuss. 
Aroailb, s. (A.'N.) Potter's eartlk 

See ArgoiL 




Ay, I know yon have araenfc, i 

Yilriul, sal-tartar, urgaile, alknlL j 

Ben Joiuoh's Alckemistt i, 1. 

Argal. (1) " Hard lees sticking to 
the sides of wine vessels, and 
otherwise called tartar." Kersey, 
See ArgoiL 

(2) Used by Shakespeare as a 
vulgar corruption of ergo. 

Aroemonb, 8. (^Lat,) The wild 

Aroint, *. {A.-N.) Silver. 

Aroentil, *. (A.'N.) The herb 
percepiere, according to Gerard. 

Arobntina, 8. {LaQ The wild 

Argentine, a4r. (i^/.) Silver-like; 
composed of silver; silver. 

Arobnt-yive, 8. (fV*.) Quicksilver. 

Argh, \adj. {A,'S. earg.) Timid; 

ARWE, J fearful ; indolent. 

Now tliow seist he is the beste knyght^ 
That may beore armes in fvgtit. 
Thou saist Both, liardy, and hard. 
And thou art as anoe coward. 

£ Jlisaunder, L 3340. 

Frensche men am anoe, and feynte. 
And Sarezynys be war and queynte ; 
And of her dedes engynuus : 
The Frensche men I^ covavtous. 

Biekard, 1. 3821. 
tif he i-sith that tha nart are$. 
He wile of bote wrchen barej. 

Hide and NyilingaU, L 407. 

Arohe, 1 V. {A.'S, eargian.) To 

ARjE, j wax timid. 

Antenor arghet with oustere wordes, 
Hade doute of the duke and of bis dethe 

Lest the tyrand in his tene hade tumyt 

hyni to sle. Siege of Trog, MS., f. 38. 

Arghncs also me thinke is hard, 
For that mase a man a coward; 
That mai be cald litilliede 
Of troste of helpe in goode dede. 
Naseyngton*$ Myrrowr, MS. Hunt, f. 29 b. 

Aroier. The old form of Algiers. 
Argin, 8. {ItaL argine,) An em- 
bankment ; a rampart. 

It must have high argins and cover'd ways, 
To keep the bulwark fronts from battery. 
Marlawr* Worki, i, 128. 

Argisome, adj» QuarrelsooM. 

Arooile, 8. {Fr, argillef) An 
article used in alchemical opera- 
tions,the exact character of which 
seems to be doubtful. It has 
been taken as signifying potter's 
earth ; but it seems to be more 
properly the impure salt de« 
posited from wine ; which, when 
purified, is called bitartrate of 
potash, or cream of tartar. 

Aroolets, ]8,pl, (Fr.) Light 
argoletiers, j horsemen. 

Argologt, 8. {Gr, dpyoXoyia,) 
Idle speaking. 

Argos, 8, (Fr,) The small false 
toes at the back of the foot, Bp« 
plied to animals. 

Argosie, 8, (supposed to be de- 
rived from the name of the ship 
Argo.) A large ship, either for 
merchandise or war. 

Who sits him like a fnU-sail'd argosie 
Danc'd with a lofty billow. 

Chapm. Byron*e Ceup. 

That golden traffic lov^ 
Is scantier far than gold ; one mine jf that 
More worth than twenty argosite 
Of the' world's richest treasure. 

Bowleg's New Wonder , Anc. Dr., v, 236. 
My instance is a mighty argons. 
That in it bears, besides th' artillery 
Of fourscore pieces of a miglity bore, 
A tiiousand soldiers. 

Bray ton, Noah's Flood, iv, p. 1639. 

Argub, V, {Fr, arguer, to reprove.) 

To find fault with. 

The false Matabrune began to caste an 
eye on her, and reprevedherof thefaute 
that her selfe had made, arguinq her 
without a cause, and saide, unhappi 

and miserable woman. Helyas, p. 
Argufy, "I v. To argue. Var, dial. 
ARGiFY, J The country people in 

the Midland Counties often say 

" what argifiee /'* in the sense of, 

** what signifies it ? 
Argument, (1) v. {Fr.) To argue. 

{2)8, Conversation, 

(3) A given arch, whereby an* 

other is determined proportionai 

to the first. 




Ab ben his centris, and his argumeHtitt 
And his proporcionels convenientia. 

Chaucer, Cant, T., 11689. 

Abgt, 8. An argument ; an asser- 
tion. Shorpsh. Also, a person who 
is not only contentious, hut per- 
tinacious in managing an argu- 

Abichbs, f. pL The ends of joists. 

Aridb. See Anride. 

Arierbban, f . (A.'N.) A general 
summons from the king to all 
his vassals to appear in arms. 

Arietatb, v. {Lat) To hutt like a 

Arietation, f . Butting. 

Abiete, 8, Aries, one of the signs 
in the zodiac. 

Abioht. Apparently the pret. of 
areche, and used in the sense of 
reached, effected, did, or per- 

Aripe, 8. A kind of bird. 
He chasid «np«f, briddes of Archadie. 

MS. lAgby, 230. 

Abisinob, 8, {A.'S,) Resurrection. 

Ich y-leve ine the Holy Cost, holy 
cherche generalliche, mennesse of haf* 
jen, ksnesse of zennea, of vlease arU- 
tnge, and lyf evrelestinde. 

MS. Arundel 67, f. 94. 

Abist, Zdper8. t. of the pre8, and 
pret, of arUe, 
Foules in wode hem make blithe. 
In everich lond aritt sone. 

Arthour aind MerHn, p. 974. 
She wolde walke upon a daye, 
And that was er the sonne aryst. 

Gow0r*s Conf. Am., ed. 1632, f. 70. 

Abiste, 8, {A.'S,) An arising. 

Ant stepe adnn ant spmptest belle; 
arise, ant thin ariete cuudest thine 
i-oorene, ant stihe abnven the steorren. 
MS. Beg., 17 A xxvu, f. 67. 
His up ariste do me stepen upward 
in heie and holi theawes. 

MS. Cott.y Nero, A xir 

Abistippus, 8. A sort of wine. 
O for a bowl of fat eanury, 
Rich Jrietippue, sparkling sherry I 
8ome nectar else rrom Juno's dairy; 
O these draughts would make us merry 

Aristoloch, f. (Gr,) The plant 

called Round Hartwort. 
Abithmancie, f. (Cfr.) Divination 

by numbers. 
Abivaob, 8. (A.'N.) The shore; 

landing place. 

And privilie toke mrieage 
Into the coaiitrie of Curthfl«e. 

Ckmueer^ Home ofl^me, L 223. 

Abiyailb,«. {A.-N,) Arrival. 

Abk, «. (1) {A.S.) A chest. In the 

northern counties, the large 

chests in farm-houses used for 

keeping meat or flour are still 

so called. 

Soth was, that he wolden him bynde, 
And trasse al that he mithen fyude 
Of hise, in arke, or in kiate. 
That he mouth in seckes thriste. 

Haaelok, L 2018. 

Sien this com to the kniht was said, 
e did it in an are to hald. 
And opened this ate the thrid day. 
And fand tharin selconthe to saye. 

MS. CM. Med. Bdinb 

(2) Clouds running into two 
points, thus (); more usually 
termed Noah's ark. 

(3) f. An arch. 

Abxbs, f. Money paid to bind a 
bargain; earnest-money. To arte 
a bargain, to close it. See Airle8. 

Ablichb, adv. Early. 

Arlino, 8, A bird which appears 
early in the spring. 

An arling, a byrde that appeareth not 

in winter, a clotbyrde, a smatch, caruleo. 

Baret*9 Alvearie, 1680. 

Arloup, 8. The orlop, or middle 

deck of a ship. 
Arly, adv, (A.'S.) Early. Ea8t, 

And noght over arly to mete at gang, 
Ne for to sit tharat over lang. 

MS. Cott., Oalba, E, ix, f. 66. 

Arm, 8. (I) Harm. 

So faUe on the, sire emperour, 
Svrich arm, and schame, and desononr. 

Sevi/n Sages, 863. 

(2) V. To lard (in cookery). In 
Warner's Antiq, CuUn., p. 26, 
we have a receipt in which it is 
directed that " cranes and hercna 




thai be mrmed with lardes of 


(3) V, To take up in the trms. 

Akm, adj, (A.'S.) Wretched. In 
writings of an early date. 

Arm AN, *. (Fr. armand,) A pre- 
paration given to horses to create 
an appetite. Diet. Rusi. 

Armbd, adj. Having arms. 

— Aa a heated lioa, so he looks ; 

His hair hangs long behind him, Uack and 

shining , ,^ i. ;i 

Like ravens' wings; his shoaldcrs oroaa 

and strong; 
AmCd long and round ; and on lus tnign a 

Hang by a curious baldriek. 


Armbntal, ^ adj, (Lat.) Relat- 
ARMENTiNB, J ing to a herd of 

Armentosb, adj. (Lat.) Abound- 
ing in cattle. 

Armesin-taffeta, *. A sort of 
taifata. HaweU. 

Armbt, *. A helmet. " Armet, a 
heed ese of hameaae." PaU- 
wave ft, 19. 

Abm-oaunt, adj. Lean ; thin. Aa 

thin as an arm. 

— So he nodded. 
And soberly did mount an arm-gaunt steed, 
Who neigh'd so high that what 1 would 

have s))()ke 
Was beastly dumb'd by him. , ^, . _ 
Skakesp., dut. and CI., i, B. 

Arm-grbt, adj. As thick as a man's 


A Wiethe of gold arm-gret, and huge of 

Udou his heed set ful of stones bright. 
^ Chaucer, Cant. T., 2147. 

Armin, s. A beggar ; formed from 
the Dutch arm, poor, to suit an 
assumed Dutch character. 
O he'ir, God 1—80 young an armin I 

M. Flow. Arminy sweet heart, I know not 
what you mean 

By that, but I am almost a beggar, 

London Prod., Supp. Sh., ii, B19. 

Armyn, 8. Brmine. 
AuMiiXB, *. {Lat, armilla.) A 
bracelet ; • also, a necklace. 

After they had dronke he gave her two 
ijnges to tiange on her eerea weyenge 

4. ■7c)ct,uid as manyafwjrllM weysBg 

X. sycles. Golden Legend, f. IC 

The king thus gird with his swerd, an! 
standing, shall take armyll of the CMr- 
diuall, saying thise words, acdpe armil' 
tarn, and it is to wete that armyll is 
made in maner of a stole wovyn with 
mid and set with stones, to be putt by 
the Cardinall aboute the kitiges necke. 
StUUtnd Papers, p. !& 

Arming, t. (1) A coat of arms. 
(2) A net hung about a ship'f 
hull in battle, to protect the men 
from an enemy. 

Arming-oirdlb, 9. A kind of 
sword girdle. Florio, in v. Sellonej 
mentions an arminy-iaddle. 

Armino-points, 8. Short ends of 
strong twine, with points like 
laces, fixed under the armpits 
and bendings of the arms and 
knees, to fasten the gussets of 
mail which protected those 
parts of the body. 

Armino-sword, *. A two-handed 
And weening to hare play'd a young 

man's part, 
Girts to his ofmiwhtwori with treai- 
bUng hand. PeO^a rarewoU, 1688. 

Armipotbnt, adf, (Lat,) Mighty 

in arms. 
Armitb, *. (A,'N.) (1) A sort of 


On the iiij. corners of the waggon were 
iiij. lied peces called artnites, every pece 
btryuic of a sundery device. 
^ Hath Henry nil, f.Vk 

(2) A hermit. 

The armyte seyd. So mote thou go, 
Hast thou any othvr herand than so 
Onto mv lord the kyng? 

'Sartshome'* Met. Tales, p **04k 

Armivestal, adj. Warlike. 
By his armyvestal contenaunce he 
h^ve caused us to havu fled. 

Morte d' Arthur, i, 110. 

Armlet, «. A bracelet. Armohts, 
armlets. Herbert* » Travels, 1638. 
Armonical, adj. Harmonious. 

And in May whan the trees spryugeth 
and bring forthe theyr odiferaunte 
floures, and that the birdes bring their 
armoitMol tunes on the smal grene 
twigea. Seijfoa, p. Ik 




Aebiony, f. Harmony. Lydgate, 
Also, a corruption of the name of 
a country, Armenia. 

Aemokwe, 1 Early morning, 


An axmonoe erliche 
Themperonr aros aikerliche. 

Gy of JFarwicke, p. 117. 
Bifor Gonnoifle that cit^ 
On amemonoe than come we. 

lb., p. IM. 

Abmttre, «. (A.-N.) Armour. 

Arms, «. Stabbing or daggering of 
arms. Young men frequently 
punctured their arms with dag- 
gers, to show their devout attach- 
ment to their mistresses, and 
mingling the blood with wine, 
drank it off to their healths. 
This explains a passage in the 
Litany to Mercury, at the end of 
Cynthia's ReveU': "From ttab- 
hing ofarvMy flap-dragons, healths, 
whiffs, and all such swaggering 
humours, good Mercury de- 
liver us." 

Have I not been drank to your health, 
swallowed flap-dragons, eat glasses, 
drank urine, ttdbVi arms, and done all 
the offices of protested gallantry for your 
sake ? Marston*s Dutch Courtezan. 

How many gallants have drank healths 

Oat of their iaggt^i arms f 

Honest Wk., 0. P., iii, 399. 

Armwrts, 8. Armour. 

Behold the armwrys which made myn 

ljydgate*s Minor Poems, p. 260. 

Arm-wrist, «. The wrist. Comw. 

Arnb 1" -'"'**• '• ^^' ^^ **• ^^' is scene that dyvers ther 
ame, the which forseene not the causis 
precedent and subsequent. 

Beam^s Fragment^ p. 298. 
In Brytayn this layet ame y-wrytt, 
IHirtt y-founde and forthe y-geie. 

^ Orpheot IS. 

Arnr, If, (1) To earn. Shropsh, 

(2) r. (A.-S.) To run ; to flow. 

£ldol, erl of Gloucester, also in hys side 

^rM4fe,and kepte her and ther, and slow 

••boute wyde. Sob. Qloue., p. 140. 

Now rist grete tabour betyufr, 
Blaweyng of pypes, and ek trumpjng, 
Stedes lepyng, and ek amyng. 

Kyng AUsammi^r, SISSi. 

^2) «. (^.-S.) An eagle. 
(3) For «*«• a one, We9t, 

Arn ALOIS, 8, {Medieval Lat. amaU 
dia.) A kind of disease, men- 
tioned in the early chronicles. 

Arnary-cheesb, f. Ordinary 
cheese made of skimmed milk. 

Arnd, '\9.(A,'S,) An errand; 
ARNKDB, j a message. 

Arkdern, f. The evening. See 


Wlien the sad amdem shutting in the 
light Drayton's Owh ed. 1748, p. 410. 

Arnbibd, part, p. Broken with 
running ? 

The hors was Bought i-paied wel. 
Be araede away with the king, 
Thourgh felde and wode withouten 

And in a mure don him east, 
Almest he hadde deied in hut. 
Ac er hii wonne the stede 
Ropes in the contr6 thai leide, 
Ac never sithe, withoute fable, 
Ne com the stede out of the stable. 
So sore he was amaed that tide, 
SJththe donte no man on him ride. 

Betis o/EMmtoun, p. 79. 

Arnbmbnt, 9. (A,'N.) Ink. 

Arnbmorwb, adv. Early morning. 
See Armorwe. 

Arnbstb, 8. Earnest money. 
Prompt, Part, 

Arneys, «. Harness; armour. 

Arns. The form of arlee^ or earnest 
money, prevalent in Lancashire. 

Arnt. (1) A contraction of have 
not ; am not. Var, dial. 
(2) 8. An errand. Lane. 

Arnut, 8. The earth-nut, or pig- 
nut. North. 

Aroint, interj. A word of expul- 
sion, or avoiding. It occurs in 
Shakespeare, and has been tho 
subject of much discussion. 

Abomati, 1 . ^j^ ^„^ J j^ 



•.h Ul lUI 

ARO 100 


The tether to minre, the thridde to flour. 
The ferthe like to aromate. 

Cursor Mundt. 

Also he that in renaying lyse, 
Eftyr he be amonest thryse. 
Or aromes beres fro that he 
Thiyse of hya bysschope amonest be. 

Hampole, MS. Bowes, B. 7, p. 10. 

Aron, 8. Starchwort. 

Arost, adv. Roasted. 

Thenne mot ych habbe hennen arost. 

PoUiieal Songs, p. lol. 

Aroumb, ) adv. {J-S.) At a dis- 
AROOM, > tance ; apart from. 

The geaunt aroume he stode, 
His bond he tint, y-wis ; 

He fleighe as he were wode, 
Ther that the castel is. 

Sir Tr'utrem, F. Ill, at vl. 

Tho Alisannder sygh this, 
Jroum anon he drow, y-wis. 

K, Alisaunder, 1. 1637. 

Aroun, adv. Around. Still used 

in the North, 
Aroute. (1) To go; to move 


In all that lond no Christin durst arout. 
Urry*s ChoMcer, p. 53. 

(2) An assembly. Gower. 
Arovb, (1) adv. Rambling about ; 

on the rove. Craven. 

(3) pret. of arive. Arrived. 

In Thamis arove, wher he had ful shane 
shores. Hardyng*s Ckron., f. 86. 

Arow, > adv. In a row, suc- 
Arowe, > cessively. See Arew. 
This day and yesterday I told arowe. 
That six and thirty they had y-slowe. 

Bickard Coeur de £., L 1787. 
My master and his man are both broke 

Beaten the maids arow, and bound the 
doctor. Shakesp. Com. ofE., v, 1. 

Thabot present him a schip 
Ther that mani stodn arouwe. 

Legend of Pope Greg., p. 81. 

Arowze, V, {Fr, arroaer.) To be- 
dew; to water anything. 

The blissful dew of heaven does arowze you. 
Beaum. and Fl., Two Nob. Rnsm., v, 4. 

Arpent, *. {Fr,) An acre. " Halfe 
an arpent, that is, nine hundreth 
foote of ground." HoUj/band's 
JHetUmarie, 1593. 

Arfets, 8. A sort of resin, com- 
posed of tallow and tar. Archmom 
loffiai XXX, 404. . 
Arpies, 8, Harpies ; furies. 
Arpine, *. (Fr.) An acre. 
If he be master 
Gf poor ten orpines of land forty honn 
longer. Webster's Works, ii, 82. 

Arpit, adj. Quick; ready; pre- 
cocious in learning. Shrcp8h, 

Arr, (I) 8, A mark or seam, made 
by a flesh-wound ; a pock or scar. 

(2) V. To incite; to egg on; to 
quarrel. Northampt. 

Xkka,1(1) pron. Either. North- 
ARR, jampt. 

■ (2) adv. Ever. Northampt, 
Arra-oney or arrtun, either one, 
ever a one. 

Arrable, adj. Horrible. 

Arrabts, 8. Arabian horses. 

Elfaydes and arrahys. 
And olyfauntes noble. 

Morte Jrtkure. 

Arracies, 8, {A.'N.) A term ap- 
plied to the smaller animals of 
the chase, which were skinned, 
similarly to the process now 
used for hares and rabbits, in 
opposition to flayed. 

Arrage, (1) *. {A.'N. arage.) Vas- 
sal service in ploughing the lord's 

(2) V, (A.'N, arrager.) To go 
about furiously. 

Arrahind, adv. Around. Staff, 

Arraign, V. To arrange. Webster. 

Arrals,«. Pimples; pocks. Cumb, 

Arrand, 1 An errand. 
arrant, J 

Arrant, {\)part. a. {A.-N.) Er- 
rant; wandering. 
(2) adj. Notorious ; as an arrant 

Arras, 8. A kind of powder, sup. 
posed to be made of the root of 
the orris. It is mentioned as a 
material used in brewing, and 
also as a powder for sprinkling 
the hai:. 




Abraught, pret oi arreach. 

Reached; seized by Yiolence. 

Abraughtb, v. (from Fr, or- 

rocker,) To snatch. 
Abkayb, V, (1) {A,-N, array tr.) 

To prepare ; to arrange. 

For whoso will make a feste to ony of 
his frendet, there ben certeyn iDoes in 
every gode toane, and he that wil make 
the feste, wil seye to the hostellere, 
arraye for me to morwe a grode dyner, 
for so many folk. MamndenU^g Travels, 
ed. 1889, p. 214. 

(2) To dirty; to defile; to be- 
ray. Paitgrave, Also, to spot 
anything. lb. See Araye. 

Arrawio, 8, An earwig. North' 

Arra WIGGLE, f . An earwig. Suff, 

Arrayers,«. Officers who had the 
care of the soldiers* armour. 

Arre, v. To snarl. 

Arrear, adv. {A,'N.) Behind. 

To leave with speed Atlanta in arruur 

F4utf. Tasso, u, 40. 

Ne ever did her eye sight torn arere. 

Spenser, VirgtTi £7n«<., v, 468. 

Arrechb, \v. To reach. See 

arreach, j Areehe, 

Conferred them, and the letters ad- 
dressed to the kinges m>uest6 oate of 
Ireland, tojdthers; whiche we have 
wayed, debated, and considered, as farre 
as our poure wyttes can arreche. 

State Fapen, i, 871. 

Arrect, v. {LaL) (1) To impute. 

Therfore he arreetetk no blame of theyr 
dedea unto them. 

Sir Thonuu Mor^s Workei, p. 271. 

(2) To refer. 

Arrectimge nnto your wrie examinaeion 

How all tliat I do is under reflPormation. 

SkeUoH^a Works,\,Zl^. 

(3) To direct. *'I arecte, I 
adresse a thyng in the ryght 
wave, jadretse ; Be nat afrayde 
if thou be out of the waye thou 
ahalte be arreeted^ Nates poynt 
depaour H tu es hors du chemyn 
iu teraa adressi.** Palsgrave. 

(4) To erect or set up anything. 

Arredt, v. To make ready. 
Arreisb, 1 9. To raise. See 

ARBYSE, j Araise, 
Arrer, adv. Rather. Northampt, 
Arrerb, 1 v. {A.-S.) To rear; to 

ARREAR, j raise. See Arere, 

And oat of Surrye, and ont of Turkye, 
and out of other oontrees that he holt, 
he may arrere mo than 50,000. 

Maundevile'* Trmels, p. 38. 

And in the west parte of the saide w&lle 
hearrered a fayre and stronve gate, and 
commanded it to be called Luddys Gute, 
whiche at this day is cleped Luudesare. 
Fabian*s Chronicle, r. 32. 

Arrere, a4/. Strange; wonderful. 

Arrere-supper, f. (Fr.) A rere- 

supper ; a collation served up in 

the bed-room, after the first 

Arresond. Reasoned with. See 


Of the customes of Sarasines, and of 
hire lawe ; and how the Soudan «rrMoni 
me, auctour of this book. 

Manndevile'e Tra»elt, p. 131. 

Arret, v. {Fr. arriter,) To de- 
cree, or appoint. Spenser, 

Arretted. " Is be,'* says Cowell, 
"that is covenanted before a 
judge, and charged with a crime." 
See his Interpreter, fol., Lond.^ 
1658. It is translated by << ad 
rectum vocatus,*' in Rider's Die- 
tionarie, 1640. 

Arridb, 9. {Lat, arrideo.) To 

please ; to amuse. 

'Fore heav'ns his humour ami«> me ex- 

Bverjf Ma» out of hie Humour, ii, 1. 

Her form answers my affection, it 
arriiee me exceedingly. 

The Antiquary, 0. P., x, 8S. 

This is a good, pretty, apish, dooible 
fellow; really he might have made a 
very pretty barber surgeon, if he had 
been put out in time ; but it am<^« me 
extreamly to think how he will be bob'd. 
Shadwell, The Humorists, 1771. 

Arridge, f. The edge of anything 
that is liable to hart or cause ai 
arr. North, 

Hit navye greate, with many soudyoures. 
To sayle anone into this Bntayn made, 
In Thamis arroKt wher he had ful aharpe 

Hardyng*» Chrtm., $d. EUis, p. 76. 

Arrow, o^f. (^..&) Fearful. JK. 
der. See Jrgk, 

AUR 102 

Arrierr, $. (Fr.) The hinder 

part ; the rear. 
Arri8hbs,«. The Devoiuhireterm 

for stubble or eddish. 
Arriyance, «. {A..N.) (1) The 

arrival of company. 

For erery minute is expectancy 

Of more arnvanee. OtkeUo, ii, 1. 

(2) Original abode of a family. 
"I aay, mate, which parish do 
you belong to ?" «' I can't justly 
•ay, but father's arrwance was 
fram Sheperd's-well." (Sibbert*- 
wold.) Kent, 
Arrive, *. Arrival. 

Whose forests, hills, and ikNtda^ then long 

for her arrive 
From Lancashire. 

Dntgt^ Pchfolk.i Somg, 28. 

These novice lovers at their first mrriw 
Are bashful] both. 

Syhuter^s Du Bartas, 313. 

So small a number can no warre pretend. 
Therefore their strange arrive they neede 

not feare. 
As farre as doth their hemisphere extend. 
They view the sea, but see no shipping 

neare. Great Britaine'e Troy, 1609. 

The verb arrive is sometimes 
used in an active form, without 
the preposition. 

Bat ere we could arrive the point propos'd, 
Caesar cried. Help me, Cassius, or I sink. 

Milton has adopted this form : 

Ere he arrive 
The happy isle. Par. lost, ii. 

Arrods, r. {Lat) To gnaw. 
Arrogation, *. {Lat.) Arrogance. 

Arronlt, adv. Exceedingly. Lane, 
Arrosb, V, {Fr, arroter.) To wet ; 
to bedew. 

— your day it lengthen'd, and 
The blissful dew of heaven does arrose you. 

Btaum. and Fl. 


Arrow-headers, «. Mttiiifacti r* 

en of arrow-heads. 

Lantemers, stryneers, grynders, 
Arowe'heder$, malcemen, and corne- 

Coeke LoreUe$ Bote, p. 10. 

Arry, adj. Any. Somertet. 

Arryn, v. To seize. Coventry 

My9terie$, p. 316. 

Ars, *. {J.mN,) Art ; science. 

Gregorii couthe not wel his pars, 
Ana wele rad and songe in lawe. 
And understode wele his ars. 

Legend of Pope Gregory, p. 35. 

The seven arts, or sciences, of 
the schools were Arithmetic, 
Geometry, Music, Astronomy, 
Grammar, Rhetoric, and Logic; 
and these were the arts, par mt- 
eellence, understood in the aca- 
demical degrees, and in ancient 
scholastic education. A ^ master 
of arts" meant a proficient in 
these seven arts. Tliey are enu- 
merated in the following lines : 

Throjh bye grace of Crist yn heven. 
He commeused yn the sye'ns seven ; 
Gramatica ys the furste syens y-wysse, 
Dialetica the secunde so liave y blysse, 
Rethorica the thrydde, withoute nay, 
Musica ys the fowrthe, as y jow say, 
Aatromia ys the v. by my snowte, 
Arsmetica the vi. withoute dowte, 
Gemetria the seventhe maketh an eaAt, 
For he ys bothe meke and hende. 

MS. Bib. Beg., 17 A I, fol. 38. 

Arsard, "I adj. Unvrilling ; per* 
ARSBT, J verse. Var, dial, 

Arsbawst, 9, A fall on the back. 

Arsboord, 9, The hinder board of 
a cart. Staff, 


assadbn, I «. A kind of oma- 
AS8ADY, omental tinsel. See 
orsady, J A99ad. 


Are you puffed up with the pride of 
your wares ?— your arsedine f 

Barth. Fair, ii. 3. 
A london vintner's signe, thick jagged 
and round fringed, with theaming 
arsadine. Noshes Lenten Stuff. 

Arsefootb. a small water-fowl} 




giren as the translation of** mer- 
I^Iim" in Higins's JumuM, ed. 
1585, p. 60. 

AmsELiNO-POLB, f. The pole with 
which bakers spread the hot 
embers to all parts of the oven. 

Ilkselins, adv. Backwards. No9f, 

AmsENicK, 8. The water-pepper. 
** Water-pepper, or arsemcke : 
aome call it kill-ridge, or cule- 
rage.'' Nomenelator, 1585. 

Absepush, «. A fall on the back. 

Absesmabt, «. The persicaria, or 
water-pepper, called in old 
French etUrage. See Arseniek. 

Arsbvbrse, 8. "A pretended 
spell, written upon the door of 
an house to keep it from burn- 
ing." Blount's Glo880ffraphia, ed. 

AR8BWARD,ad!p. Backward. Cumi. 

Aksbwispb, 8. Rider gives this 
word as the translation of mUter- 

Arslb, v. To move backwards; to 
fidget. East. 

Absmbt&ik, 8. Arithmetic. 

And arsmelryt, be castyng of nombrary, 
Cheet Pyktegoras for ber part6. 

Lydgute^s Minor Poems, p. 11. 

Arsomever, offv. However. Leie. 

Arsoun, 1 8. {A.'N.) The bow of 
ARSON, >a saddle; each saddle 
ARSUM, J having two arsouns, one 
in front, the other behind. 

An ax he heute of netall bronn 
That keng oa hys formest arsoun. 

Oetowm, 1. 1106. 
An ax he hente boon. 
That heng at hys arsoun, 

Lybeaus Diseonus, 1. 18SS. 

He karf his heorte and his pomoo. 
And threow him over arsun. 

K. Alisaunder, 1. 4S75. 

Sir Laoncelot gave him 8dc)i a buffet, 
that the arson of his saddle broke, and 
■0 he flew over his horse's taiL 

Malory, H. of K. Arthur, v. i, p. 190. 

Sir Launcelot passed thnnigh them, and 

lightly he tunied him in again, and 

another knight throughout the 

body, and through the horie^l 
more than an ell. lb., p. 370. 

In the following example it seemi 

to be used for the saddle itself: 

He schof him quycly adoun, 
And leop himaeolf in the arsoun, 


Arst, adv. {A.'S, mrest) First ; erst. 
And pride in richesse regneth 
Bather than in poverte : 
Jrst in the maister than in the man 
Som mansion he haveth. 


Arstablb, f . An astrolabe. 

Hi,i arsUMe he tok out sone. 
Theo cours he tok of sonne and mon«, 
Theo cours of the planetis seven. 
He tolde also undur heven. 

K. JUsaunier, 287. 

Arstok, f. A hearth-Stone. 

Arsy-yersy, adv. Upside down ; 

preposterously. Drayton. 
Art, (1) «. A quarter ; a point of 

the compass. North. 

(2) Eight. Exmoor. 
Artb, "I V. {Lat. areto,) To con- 
ARCT, J strain ; compel; urge. 

And ore all this, fnl mokil more he thought 
What fortospeke, andwhattoholden inne. 
And what to artin her to love he sought. 

CAaueer, Tr. and Crss., Urrif,^ 273. 
Love artid me to do my observaunce 
To his estate, and done him obeisaunce. 

Court of Love, Vrry, p. 660. 

Wherthrugh, they be artyd by neces- 
sity so to watch, labour, and grub in the 
grounde for their sasteiiauiice, that their 
nature is much wastid. and the kynd of 
tliem brought to nowght. 
Forteseue on Absolute Monarchy, p. 23. 

Artben. Eighteen. Exmoor. 

Artbmaoe, «. The art of magic. 

And through the crafte of artemage. 
Of wexe he fwged an ymaee. 

£^«r, ed. 1682, f. 188. 

Artbr, prep. After. Var. dial. 
Artbtykes, 8. {Gr.) A disease 

affecting the joints; a sort of 

Arth-staff, 8. A poker used by 

blacksmiths. Shropsh. 
Arthur, 8. A game at sea, de^ 

scribed in Grose. 




AmTHum-A-BRADLBT. A JtJj po- 
pular old song, frequently re- 
ferred to. Three songs are still 
preserved relating to this hero. 
One of them is published in Rit- 
son't edition of Robin Hoodt and 
another may be seen in Dixon's 
Ancient Poenu, p. 161. 

Akthuk's-show. An exhibition of 
archery by a toxophilite society 
in London, of which an account 
was published in 1583,by Richard 
Robinson. The associates were 
fifty-eight in number, and had 
assumed the arms and names of 
the Knights of the Round Table. 

Abticlb, f. (1) Comprehension. 

(2) A poor creature; a wretched 

Akticulatb, «. (Lai,) To exhibit 
in articles. 

Abtibb, f. (Fr.) An artery. 

Artificial, o^f. Ingenious ; art- 
ful ; skilfol in art. 

A&TIU.BBY, », This word was for- 
merly applied to all kinds of 
missile weapons. 

Abtnoon, f. Afternoon. Eue*. 

Art-of-mbmory, f. An old game 
at cards. Compleat Gamester, ed. 
1709, p. 101. 

Artow, 9. Art thou ; a common 
contraction of the verb and pro- 
noun in MSS. of the 14th cent., 
and still preseryed in the dialects 
of the North of England. 

Artrt, If. Apparently a con- 

ATTRY, J traction ciartillety. See 

Niehol$*8Roy. Jrtto,pp.284,288. 

Artuatb, v. {Lat,) To tear mem- 
ber from member. 

Arum, t. An arm. 

And he haves on tbora hi> ttnm, 
Therof is ful mikel harnm. 

Hof^k, IMS. 

Arundb, s. An errand. Perhaps 

it should be printed amnde, 
Arvwb, s. An arrow. 

Ae SB mnme oway ha tan 
In his eld wonnde. 

iSir 2W«<mM, p. 804 

ARTAL,f. Afoneral. North, Arvml- 
wpper is a funeral feast given to 
the friends of the deceased, at 
which a particular kind of coarse 
cake, composed of flour, water, 
yeast, currants, and some kind of 
spice, called arval'breadt is some- 
times distributed among the poor. 

Arvyst-oos, 9, A stubble goose. 

A Tone wyf sad an unysiifot, 
Mooie gasil with bothe. 

Arwb, phtrai arwen, arewenf as 
well as arewet, mwei, t . (A^.) 

An arrow. 

Myd atvent snd myd qnardes so mueho 
folk first me slow. 

Of Kolde he sent hirm a ooroonc^ 
And a swithe fair faukoone, 
Tweye bugle homes, and a bowe also^ 
And ^e turgven ek therto. 

Arwb, (1) v. (A.^S. eargian,) To 

render timid. 

(2) adj. Timid; fearfuL See 


Thou saist soth, hardy and hard. 
And thou art as anee coward I 
He is the fnrste in eche bataUe; 
Thoa art byhynde ay at the taile. 

jr. JUtmmier, 8840. 

Arwbblast, f. A crossbow or ar- 

The galeye wente alsoo faste 
As quarrel dos ofF the anoebkuL 

SUkard (knw Ae Lum, S694. 

Arwb-man, f. A bowman. (?) 

He calde bothe mwmmm and ken^ 
Knitbes and sersans swithe sleie. 

SoMlok, S116. 

Arwyooyl, f . An earwig. Proa^t, 

Parv. See arrawiggie, 
Artnb, prett, Are. A pro- 

Tindal pronunciation of am. 

For alle the sorowe that we turymt inne. 
It es like dele for onre syne. 

Artoubs. {Lat. hariohu.) Sooth* 
•ayers; diTinen. 




For aryoUi, Dygromancen, brought 
tlieym to the auctors of ther god Phoe- 
boB, and offred theym ther, and than 
they hadde answeres. 

Barthol., ty Trevisa. 

Art 81, part, p. Arisen. K, AU" 

§aundert 3748. 
Aryste, f. Arras. " iij. peeces of 

aryste,** Union Invenioriet, p. 5. 
As. That; which ; who.- Var, dial, 

** He as comes/' for he who comes. 

In Leicestersh. they say a9 yet as, 

for, as yet. 
A-SAD, adj. Sad ; sorrowful. 
AsAiLEy V, To sail. 
As ALT, V. {A,-N,) To assafl; to 


Hit bygonne an holy Thores eve then tonn 
oHUjf there. Bob. OUmc., p. 894. 

As-A&MBS, {A,'N,) To arms ! 

AsAUGHT, 9, {A.'N,) An assault. 
Rob. Gloue, 

AsBATE, 8, A purchase. Skinner, 

As-BuiRDt s. Literally, ashes board; 
a box in which ashes are carried. 

AscAPART. The name of a giant, 
whom Bevis of Hampton con- 
quered, according to the old 
legend. His effigy may be seen 
on the city gates of Southampton. 
He was said to have been " full 
thirty feet long,*' and to have 
carried Sir Bevis, his wife, and 
horse, under his arm ! He is al- 
luded to by Shakespeare, Drayton, 
and other Elizabethan vmters. 

AscAPE, 1 1,. To escape. 


AscAR, «. A person who asks. Wy- 

Abcat, a^'. Broken like an egg. 


Ascaunce,! ^^ (^..5.)(1) Ob- 
A8CANCE, J-iiqaeiy. ^\^^^^ 

A8KAUN8, J ^ ^ * 

At this question Bosader, turning his 
head ascanee, and bending his browes 
as if anger there had ploughed the far- 
rowes of her wrath, with mseyes full of 
Are, hee made this replie. 

Euphuet QMm lsgiA$, 

(2) As if. 

And wroot the names alway, as he stood. 
Of alle folk that gaf hem eny good, 
Ascaunce that he wolde for hem preye. 

Chaucer, Cant. T., 73S^ 

(3) Scarcely. 

JsiaMHi she may nat tothelettres sey nay. 
Lyagate's Minor Poems, p. •& 

AscAUNT, j9r^. Across. 

There is a willow grows ascaunt the brook 

That shews his hoar leaves in the glassy 

stream. Hamlet, iv, 7. {earhf 4tos.) 

Ascendant, e, A term in judicial 
astrology, denoting that degree 
of the ecliptic, which is rising in 
the eastern part of the horizon at 
the time of any person's birth : 
supposed to have the greatest 
influence over his fortune. Com- 
monly used metaphorically for 
influence in general, or effect. 

*Ti8 well that servant's gone; I shall the 

Wind up his master to my purposes ; — 
A good aseendant. 0. rL, rii, 1S7. 

Ascent, s. See Assent, 

AscH-CAKE, «. A cake baked under 

AscHB, 9. To ask. This form oc- 
curs chiefly in MSS. of the 14th 
cent. The word had soft forms 
in A.'S.f ahsian. See Ass, 

AscHES, s. Ashes. See Ass. 

AscHEWELE, V. (A,-S, ascaUon, to 

send away). To drive away. 

An hwanne heo habeth me ofslahe, 
Heo hongeth me on heore bahe ; 
Thar ich asehewele pie and crowe 
From than the thar is i-sowe. 

HuU and NyghtingaU, 1. 1801. 

AscHONMB, V, To shun ; to avoid. 

They myjte not aeehanne the aorowe they 
had served. 

BeponHon ofBiehard II, p. 14. 

AscHORB, adv. {A,'S. on eyrrt.) 


A moneth after mon myghtte horn a ffond, 
Lyand styll on the erownd, 

Thei niyght noder ryde ne goo. 
Ever after the doggea wer so starke, 
Thei stode aechore when theiscliuld barket 

Her feytt thei drew horn soo. 

Hwnttyng of the Eon L SMi 




Abchrsnche, V, {A.'S. ^ucrenean.) 

To shrink ; to make to shrink. 

That deth that lii nastondeth iiou5t, 
Ac ech othren aschreneketh. 

William de ShoreKam. 

AsciLL, 8, Vinegar. Chester Playe, 

\\, 75. See AieeU 
AsciTE, V. To summon ; to call. 
AscLANDBRD, /7ar/. /;. Slandered. 
AscoN, V. To ask. Rob, Gloue, 

. -?«»^* I ^^v* Across : astride. 


^„^„* [Somerset 

Nif he'd a pumple-voot bezide 
An a brumstick vor'n to zit aseridey 
O' wizards a mid be tbawt tha pride, 
Aniangat a kit o' twenty. 
Jeutnnffs' Observations, 1825, p. 118. 

AscRY, V. {A.'N. eeerier.) (1.) To 
cry ; to proclaim. 

(2) To assail with a shout 

(3) To betray. 

(4) To descry, to discover. Pah- 

AscRYVE, 9. To ascribe; to impute. 
AsB, (1) 9. Ashes. North, 

(2) conj. As. 
AsELE, V, {A,'S,) To seaL 

Tliat broneht hym lettres apedele, 
Aselyd with the barouns sele. 
That tolden hym, hys brothir Jhon 
Wokle do corowne hym anon. 

Bichard Comr de L. 1. 6478. 

AsELY, V, {A,-N,) To assoil, give 

The Englygse al the nyjt byrore raste 

bygon to aynge, 
And BDende al Uie Ryjt in glotonye and in 

The rf ormans ne dude nojt so, ac hii cryede 

on God vaste. 
And ssryve hem ech after other, tlie wule 

the nyjt y-laste. 
And aniorwe hem lete asely wyth mylde 

herteynou. £ob. Ohue., ^. S60, 

AsEVBt part, p. Seen. 
AsBRE, V. {A,'S. aaearian,) To be- 
come dry. 

Nou ben hise bowes awai i-sschore. 
And niochel of hise beauts forlore — 
Tharfore tint olde tre les his pride. 
And asered bi that o side. 

Sev^n Sages, L 606. 

AsERTs, V, (1) To detenre. 

(2) To serve. 
AsEssE, V. To cause to cease; to 


But he bethondite hym, aftyr thenne. 
That he wolde leve ther al hys menne. 
And, with his pryvy meyn6, 
Into Yngelond thenne wolde be, 
And asesse the werre anon 
Betwyxe hym and hys brother Jhon. 

BickardCamr de X., 1. 6311. 

AsBTHy 8, Satisfaction for an injury. 

We may not be assoyled of tho trespai, 
Bot if we make asetk in that at we may. 
MS Harl^ 1022, f. 68 b. 

AsETNES, *. {A,'S. aaetnye,) A re- 

This ilke abbot at Bamsai 
Jsetnes set in his abbai, 
That in this servis for to stand 
Ai quilis that abbai be lastand. 

MS, Med., cited in Boucher, 

AsEWB, -) .jg. j,^ ^^n^^^ 

ASIWB, J ^ ^ 

Alitanndre wente ageyn 
Quyk asiweth him ai his men. 

K. AUsamnder, 1. 2404. 

AsEW, adv. Applied to a cow when 
drained of her milk, at the sea- 
son of calving. Somerset. 

AsEWRE, adj. Azure. 

AsEWRYD, part, p. Assured. 

AsEYNT, j9ar/. ^. {A,-S,) Lost. 

Al here atyl and tresour was al-so aseynt. 

Sob. Glow., p. 61. 

As-FAST, adv. Anon ; immediately. 
AsGAL, 8. A newt. Shropsh. 
Ash. (1) Stubble. South, **Le 

tressel, asche of corn." Walter 

de Bibblesworth. 

(2) To ask. Lane, See Ass, 
Ash-bin, s. A receptacle for ashes 

and other dirt. Line, 
AsH-CANDLEs, 8, The seed pod of 

the ash-tree. Dorset, 
AsHELT. adv. Probably ; perhaps. 

Lane, It is usually pronounced 

as two words. 
Ashen, s. Ashes. North, 
AsHERLAND, 8. "Assarts, or wood* 

land grub'd and ploughed up." 





AsHiED, part p. Made white, as 
with wood ashes. 

Old Winter, dad in h^h fnzret, tboiren of 

Appearing in his eyes, who stQl doth goe 
In a rng gowne, ashied with flakes of snow. 
HgjftcootPs Marritige Triumphe, 1613. 

AsHiSH, adv. Sideways. Somenet, 

Ash-keys, t . The fruit of the ash. 

The failure of a crop of ash-keys 

is believed in some parts to por- 

teud a death in the royal family. 

Howtomakeaqwek-tei-hedgt. Then the 
berries of the white or haw-thome, 
acomes, tuh-kejfes mixed toother, and 
these wrought or woniid up in a rope of 
straw, will serve, but that tliey wU be 
lomewhat longer in growing. 

Norden's Survejfor's Dialoffue, 1610. 

^f"*' „ 1». Hewn or squared 

AsHLAR-WALLyf. A Wall, the stones 
of which are hewn in regular 
course and size. "An ashler wall, 
free-stone hewed with a mason's 
ax into smoothness, q. axtler.'' 
Thore8by*9 Letter to Ray, 1703. 
**A flight of arrows, that harmed 
an asMar'Wali as little as many 
hailstones.'' The Abbot. 

Ashore, adf, (A,-S.) Aside. West, 
It is used in the sense of ajar, 
applied to a door. See Aeehore, 

Ash-pan, «. A pan fitted to the 
under part of the grate, to receiye 
the ashes from the fire. Line. 

A8h-truo,«. a coal-scuttle. North. 

AsHUNCHB, V. To repent ? 

Mid shupping ne mey hit me asiMteke, 
Nes y never wyeche ne wyle } 

Ych am a maide, that me of-thonche, 
Luef me were gome bonte gyle. 

Zjfric Poetry t p. 88. 

AsiDBN, adv. On one side ; aslant. . 
West, Rider has aeidenam in his 
Dictionarie, 1640, in the same 

AsiLB, f . {Lat.) An asylum. 

AsiN, adj. Made of ashen wood. 

My deare Warwik, if your honor and my 
desir could accord with the los of the 

nideftdi flngar I kipe, God hdpe me to 
in my most nide as I wold gladly lis that 
one joint fore your safe abode with me, 
but sins I can not tliat I wold, I wil do 
that I may, and wil rather drinke in an 
tuin cup than you or yours shudc not 
be soccerd both by sea and land, yea and 
that with all spede possible, and let this 
my scribling hand witnes it io them 
alL Yours as my own, 


AsiNARY, adj. Asinine. 

AsiNDE, part, p. Assigned. Hey^ 

wood, 1556. 
AsiNEOO. See Asnnego. 
AsiNOs, 9. Easings. Shropth. 
AsiT, V. To sit against, so as to 

receive the blow without being 


No man ne myghte with stdrengthe eiiytte 
Hys swordes draught. Oet<nia»t 1665. 

9. (A.'S. igsexe.) A 
water newt, or lizard* 

Snakes and nederes thar he fimd. 
And gret blac tades gangand. 
And arske* and other wormes fell^ 
That I can noht on Inglis telle. 


Ask. adj. Applied to the weather, 
meaning damp. *'The weather 

. is so aek.** Yorkeh. 

AsKAUNCE, adv. Aside ; sideways. 
Nearly the same meaning as <»- 
kew, and given as the same word 
in Rider's Dietumarie,\^^Q. See 

AsKB,t7. {A.-S,) To ask; to require. 

Ho so hit tempreth by power, 
So hit askith in suche maner. 

Kyng Alwtttnder, L 6219. 

AsKEFiSB, «. (A.'S.) A fire blower. 
The word is translated by cin^o 
in the Pron^t. Parv. " Ciniflo, 
a fyre blowere, an yryn hetere, 
an aairfyce." MS. MedvUa. In 
the Prompt. Parv. we find the 
following entry, ^^Aske/Ue, ci- 
niflo." It seems that askeflse 
was used in a contemptuous 
sense to signify a man who re« 

ASK 108 

mained snug at home while 

others went out to exercise their 

AsKEN, 9, pi Ashes. 
AsKER, *. (1) A scab. 

(2) A hind or water newt. Var, 

AsKEs, «. Ashes. See A9s, 
Askew, adv, Aviry, Bareft Ahe- 

arte, 1580. 

AsKiLB, adv. Aslant; obliquely; 

\*Tiat tho* the scornAil waiter looks MJcUe^ 

And pouts and frowns and curseth thee' 

the while. Bp.HaU,Sat.,Y,%, 

Askings, #. The publication of 

marriage by banns. Yorksh. 
AsKOF, adv. Deridingly; in scoff. 
Alisannder lokid atlcaf. 
As he no gef nought therof. 

jiUsaMnder, 1. 874. 

AsKowsB, V. To excuse. 

Bot tbow can ashowte the, 
Thow schalt abcy, ▼ till the. 

Frere and the Boy, st. xxxv. 

AsKBTE, f . A shriek ; a shout. 
AsKusB, V. To accuse. 

Owre Lord gan appose them of ther nete 
delyte, " 

Bothe to euhue hem of ther synfiil blame. 
Ludui Coventrug, p. 2.* 

AsKY, (1) adj. Dry; parched. 

(2) V. {A.'S. ateian.) To ask. 
To asH that never no wes, 
It is a fole askeing. 

AsLAKB, V. (A.'S. oilaeian.) To 
slacken, or mitigate. 
Her herte to ease 
And the flesshe to please 
Sorowes to aslake. 

TheBoke ofMayd Endyn. 

AsLASH, adv. Aslant; crosswise. 

AsL AT, adj. Cracked, as an eai then 
Tcssel. Devon. 

A-SLAWE, part, p. Slain. For 
y-tlawes in this and similar cases 
of verbs, «. prefixed merely re- 
presents the usual y- or »-. 

AsLSN, dM^v. Aslope. Somerset. 


AsLBPBD,j0ar/.j7. Sleepy. 

And Vernagu, at that cas. 
So sore aaVejied was. 
He no might fight no more. 

Soulimd and Femagu, p. 21* 
As LET, adv. Obliquely. 

Acyde or ucydenandvs, or aslet or 
Mloute: Oblique vel a'latere. Prompt. 
Fart. Jslet or aslowte : Oblique. lb. 

AsLEW, adv. Aslant. Sueeev. 
AsLiDE, V. To slide away; to de- 

X'SLON.part.p. Slain. 
Aslope, adv. Sloping. 
AsL0PEN,^ar/.j9. Asleep. An un- 

usual form, used by Middleton 

the dramatist apparently for the 

mere purpose of rhyme. 
AsL0SH,arf». Aside. "Stand <Mto*A, 

wooll ye?*' 
AsLouoH, pret. t. s. Aslowen, pi. 

Slew ; killed. 
AsLouTE, adv. Obliquely. Prompt. 

Parv. See Aslet. 
AsLuppE, V. (A.-S.) To slip away; 

to escape. 

Betere is taken a comeliche y-clothe, 
In armes to cosse ant to cluppe, 

Then a wrecche y-wedded so wrothe, 
Thah he me slowe, ne myhti him asluppe. 

Lyric Poetry, p. 38. 

astZy, }«'''• Willingly. iVbrM. 

AsMATRYK, 9. Apparently a cor- 
ruption of arithmetic. Coventry 
Mysteriee, p. 189. 

AsMELLB, V. To smell. 

AsociE, V. (A.'N. aesocier.) To 

AsoFTE, V. To soften. 

AsoMPELLB, *. An example. MS. 

AsoNDRi, adv, (A..S. on tundran.) 
Asunder ; separately. 

Asondry were thei nevere, 
Na moore than myn hand may 
Meve withoute my fvngres. 

Piers PL, p. 85a 
AsoNKE, pret, t. Sunk. 
AsooN, adv. At even. North. 
AsosHB, ^adv. Awry; aslant 
ASHOSHB,/ £flw/. SeeAnpoah, ii 




te time of Henry YIII, Palsgrave 
introdaced this word into his 
Dictionary, intended for the spe- 
cial instruction of the Princess 
Mary, and has added in ex- 
planation, ''as one weareth his 

A-souND, adv* In a swoon. 

AsouRE, a, "Gumme of asoure,*' 
Reliq. Antig,, i, 53. The meaning 
is uncertain. 

AsoTLE, V, See Assoile. 

AsoTLiNOE, 8. Absolution. 

AsoYNEDB, parUp, Excused; re- 

Asp, 8» The aspen tree. A Here- 
fordshire word. It occurs in 
Florio's New World of Words, 
1611, p. 68. 

AsPARE, V. (from A,'S, atparian,) 

To spare. 

And seyen he was a nygard. 
That no good myghte atpare 
To frend ne to fremmed. 

Pitfr*PJ., p. 803. 

AsPAUD, €idv. Astride. North, 

AsPECciouN, 8, (A.'N.) Sight. 

AsPECHE,«. A serpent. SeeAspickf 

the more usual form. 

AsPECTE,*. Expectation. 

Tlie 10. of Jun I was discharged from 
bands at fhe assizes contrary to the 
aspecie of all men. Forman's Diary. 

AspEN-LEAF, 8, Metaphorically, 
the tongue. 

For if they myghte be snffred to begin 
ones in the congregacion to fal in 
disputing, those aspen-leaves of theirs 
would never leave waggyng. 

Sir T. More*s Workes, p. 769. 

AsPER, «. A kind of Turkish coin. 

ASPERAUNCB, 8, (A,'N,) HopC. 

For esperaunce, 
AsPERAUNT, adj, {A.-N.) Bold. 

And have horses avenaunt. 

To hem stalworthe and asperaunt. 

Jlisaunder, 1. 4871. 

AsPERGiNO, 8. A sprinkling. 

ASPEKLIOHR, 1 ^ g„ ,,, 
ASPERLir, J ° ' 

AsPSRNATioN, «. {Lat) Neglect I 

AsPERNE, V. (Lat) To disregard. 
AsPERSiox, «. (Lat,) A sprinkling, 
AsPHODiL, «. A daffodil. 
AspiCK, «. ( 1) A species of serpent, 

an asp. 

So Fharaohs rat yer he begin the firay 
'Gainst the blinde aspick, with a cleaving 

Unon his coat he wraps an earthen cake, 
which afterward the suns hot beams doc 

bake. Syhestar's Du Bartms. 

(2) The name of a piece of ord- 
nance, which carried a twelve 
pound shot. 
AspiE, (1) r. (A.'N) To espie; 
to discover. 

Sche hath at scole and elles wher him 

Til fyually sche gan of hem oMye, 
That he was last seyn in the Jewerie. 

Chaucer, Cant. T.,l 16001. 

(2) *. A spy. 
AspiLL, «. A rude or silly clown. 

AspiouR, 8, A spy ; a scout. 
AsPYRE, V. (Lat.) (1) To inspire. 

God allowed, assysted, and aspyred them 
by his grace therein. 

Sir T. Morels Works, p. 927. 

(2) To breathe ; to blow. The 
word occurs with this explanation 
in Rider's Dictionaries 1640. It 
is used by Shakespeare as a verb 
active, to ascend, without the 
particle which now usually ac- 
companies this word. 

Until our bodies turn to elements, 
And both our souls a4pt><? celestial thrones. 
Marlowe's Tamburlaine, 1690. 

AsPiREMENT, s. Breathing. 
Asportation, s, {Lat,) A carrying 

ASPER, > bitter. 


And makest fortune wrath and asper 
by thine impacience. 

Chaucer's Boetkius, p. S66, coL 1« 




H-: saith that the wdytu heaven if ftraita 
and aspre and pninfuL 

Sir T. More'a Works, p. 74. 

Asp READ, part, p. Spread out. 

AspRELT, adv. Roughly. 

AspRBNEssB, 8, Roughnest. 

AspRONO, pret, t. Sprung. 

AsPRous, adj. Bitter ; angry ; in- 
clement. Leic. They say, "It's 
a very asp^roua day." 

A8Q,ijAP,adv. Sittingon the boughs. 

AsauARE, 1 oefv. On the square; 
ASWARK, J at a safe distance. 

And swore by seyut AmyaH, that he shold 

With stroks hard and lore, even oppon the 

Yf he hym myght fynd, he nothing wold 

hym spare. 
That herd t)ie pardoner wele, and held hym 

better atquare, 

Frol. to Hut. ofBeryn, 1 691. 

AsauiNT, adv. Awry. 

Ass, ^{A,'S.a»ee,€t»ee,) 

All, Ashes. Pronounced 

AscuES, €88 lu Staffordshire, 
ASCHBN, > Cheshire, and Derby- 
ASHEN, shire. It occurs in the 
ASKEN, singular, ** Ashe or 
ASKEs, J asshe:cinisTelciner." 
Prompt, Parv. 

The wynde of thilke belyes seholde 
never poudre ne aschm abyde, that is 
dedleche man. whicli is seid that a$ekm 
and poudre and dong is. 

Romance of the Monk, MS., f. 66 b. 
And brend til asken al bidene. 

ffavelot, 1. 2841. 
Thynk man, he says, eukes ertow now. 
And into askes agayn turn saltow. 

MS. Cott., Galba, E ix, f. 76. 
Therwith the fuyr of jelousyeupsterte 
Withinne his brest, and hent him by the 

So wodly, that lik was he to byholde 
The box-tree, or the assehen deed and colde. 
Chaucer, Cant. T., 1. 1801. 

Their heresies be burned np, and fal 
as flatte to ashen. 

Sir T. Mores Works, p. 446. 

Y wolde luche danuellys yn fyre were 

That the asskes with the wynde awev 

■yglit fly. Eeliq. Jniiq,, i, ^, 


Ass, V. To ask ; to command. Cumh, 
and Lane, This form occurs in 
MSS. of the 14th and litb 
AssADY, ^ #. Gold tinsel. See 
ASSADYN, Jr8adine and Msu 
ARSEDVKE, l^due. There is a 
ARSEDTNB, f charge of 2d. for 
'* a88ady and redde 
. , wax" in the ac- 
counts of the expences for a play 
at Coventry in 1472, published 
in Sharp'8 Di88ertation, p. 193. 
The word is spelt with many 
variations, and in the one series of 
accounts just mentioned it Oc- 
curs in the following different 
forms : 

Expens. ayenst midsomer nyght ; 
Imprimis, assadj/ to the crests . vj. d. 

1477. Item, for assadyn, silver papur. and 

Bold papur, gold foyle, and grene 
loyie . . . ij. 8. ij. d. 

1478. Item, for assaden for the harnes x. d. 
1404. Item, payd for a paper of arse- 

''y*' . . xg. d. 

AssAiBs, *. "At all assaies," i. e., 
in all points. 

Shorten thou these wicked daies; 
Thinke on thine oath at all assaies. 
Drajf ton's Harmonic of the Church, 1691. 

Assail, 8, An attack. 

My parts had power to charm a sacred sun. 
Who, disciplinM and dieted in grace, 
fielier'd her eyes when I th' assail begun. 
Shakesp., Lover's CompUuHt, 

AssALVE, V, To salve ; to allav. 

Assart, *. (^.-iNT.) Assart lands, 
parts of forests cleared of wood, 
and put into cultivation, forwhich 
rents were paid, termed assart 
rents. It is used also as a verb. 

Assassinate, *. Assassination. 

What hast thou done, 
Tto make this barbarous hase assassinats 
V pon the person of a prinee ? 

JkuneVs Civil Wars, iii,78. 

AssATioN, *. {lAt.) Roasting. 

Assault, 1 adv, Mari8 appefetu, 

ASSAUT, J said of a bitch or other 

female of animaU, and sometimei 





A88AWTB, J Still used in Shrop- 

in a contemptuous sense of A 

Catnlire dicitnr canis, ^ kwov okv^Sv, 
quando in Venerem prurit. Bemander 
le masle. To goe assaut or proud, as a 
bitch doth. NomeuelatoTt 1586. 

And whanne the fixene be assoMt, and 
eoith yu kure love, and ache secheth the 
dog^e fox, ahe cryeth with an hooa 
voys, as a wood hound doith. 

MS. Bodl., 646. 

If any man withinne the lordshipe 
holde any sicke that goeth assault 
withinne the same lordshipe, he shal 
make a fine for hir unto the lord of 

Regulations of the StewSt \htheent, 

A.88AUT, \ *. (^-N.) An assault. 



And by assaut he wan the cit^ aftur, 
And rente doun bothe wal and sparre, 
and raftur. Chaucer, Cant. T., Wl. 
And at the lond-gate, kyng Richard 
Held his assawte like hard. 

Richard Coer de Lum, 1900. 

A8SAUTABLE, adj\ Capable of 

being taken. 

AssAYE, V. To save. 

A8SAY, *. {J.-N.) (1) Essay; trial. 

After asay, then may te wette ; 
Why blame je me witnoute offence? 
Riison*s Ancient Songs^ p. 108. 

(2) An examination of weights 
and measures, by the clerk of the 
market; also of silver in the 


(3) The process of drawing a 

knife along the belly of a deer, 

beginning at the brisket, to try 

how fat he is; it was called, 

taking assay ^ or say, 

Gedered the erettest 
of gres that ther were, 
and didden hem derely imdo> 
serched hem at the asay 
Bumme that ther were, 
two fyngeres thay fonde 
of the towlest of alle. 

Gawyn and the Or,Kn., 1. 2897. 

(4) The point at which the knife 
of the hunter was inserted in the 
breast of the buck, for the pur- 
pose of ascertaining his fatness. 

At the assay kitte him, that lordet may 

Anon fat or lene, whether that he bee ;" 
At the chaules to begyn, soone as ye may, 
And slit him downe to the assay. 
And fro the assay, even down to the bely 
ihal ye slyt. 

Booi of St. AVams, chap. **Haw ye 
skaU hreke an Hart.** 

(5) The most frequent use of the 
term in former times, was in 
matters relating to the office of 
prsUbator, or taster, in palaces, 
and the houses of barons, where 
there was an officer, who was 
called the assay er. The sewer 
most commonly took the as8aie§ 
but the other officers also some- 
times did the same ; such as the 
panter, who tasted the contents 
of the trenchers ; the yeoman of 
the ewrie, who drank of the 
water with which the lord was 
to wash his hands ; the marshall 
saluted the towel, with which he 
was to wipe his hands, by way of 
assaie; and the cup-bearer was 
to swallow a small portion of the 
liquor which he presented, as an 
assaie. In short, so great were 
the apprehensions of poison and 
danger in untried food, that no 
viands were served up at the 
tables of the great, without being 
first assaied, 

Kyng B.ych&rdsat(>. downe to dyner, foid 
was served witliout curteste or assays; 
he muche mervaylyng at the sodayne 
mutacion of the thvng, demaundea of 
the esquier why he dyd not his dnety. 

Hall, Henry ir^t.l^ 

(6) Metaphorically, the attempt, 

the moment of doing a thing. 

And ryght as he was at assays, 
Hys lykyng vanyscht all awaye. 
Le Bone Florence cfRomSy 1. liOO. 

(7) Experience. 

Shorte wytted men and lyttell otassqife, 
saye that Paradyse is longe saylly iige out 
of the erthe that men dwelle inne, and 
also departeth frome the erthe, and is 
as hyglie as tbe mone. 
Quotation in Votes to Morte tTArthmr, 
p. 478. 




issATB, ». {A.'N,) To try; to 
prove ; to taste. 

«Ccrte«," quod Prudence, "if ye wil 
wirche by my counseil, ye schul not 
Msaye fortune by uo maner way, ne 
Bchnl not iene ne bowe unto hire, after 
the word of Sunn;." 

Chaueer, T. ofMeUheus. 

Hereupon the companie assayed to 
oonvey it to St Aug:u8tinea. 

Lamharde'sPeramhulutymy p. 116. 

Gontynewynge which feaste, twoo noble 
and yonge knightis amonge other hap- 
pened to assey eyther other in wrast- 
lynge. Trmsa, f. 84. 

Assayed, par/. ;>, Satisfied. PhiU 
pofa Works, p. 376. 

Assaying, «. **An aasaying^or flour- 
ishing with a weapon before one 
begins to play." Rider's Die- 
tionarie, 1640. "Assaying, a 
term us'd by musicians, for a 
flourish before they begin to 
play." Kersey's English Die- 
tionary, 1715. 

AssAYNE, «. A term in hare hunt- 
ing. B. of St. Albans, sig. d, iv. 

AssBuuRD, s, A box for ashes. 

AsscHREiNT. See AsshreinL 

AssE. In the following passage at 
asse seems to mean prepared. 

And fond our men alle at asse. 
That the Paiens no might passe. 

Arthour ani Merlin, p. 278. 

AssEASE, V. (Jow Lat,) To cease. 

As8ECURB,v. (1) To make sure of; 

to make safe. 

And 80 hath Henrie assecur'd that side. 
And therewithal! his state of Grasconie. 

DoHiel's Civil Wars, ir, 9. 

(2) To give assurance. 


Aoo.^„«...„J.r /••• Assurance. 


AssECUTioN, s, (Lat.) Acquire- 
ment ; the act of obtaining. 

AssE-EA&E, s. The herb comfrey. 
Nomenclator, 1585, p. 137. 

AssEBR, V, To assure. Yorksh, 

AssEGE, «. (A.'N.) A siege. 

Swiehe womdring was ther on this hon «f 

That sin the gret assege of Troye was, 
Ther as men wondred on an hors also, 
Newas ther sMriche a wondring, as was 

tho. Chaucer, Cant. T., {Tyno.) L 10620. 

Institaeion, of a Gentleman, i5M 
AssELE, V. To seal. 
AssEMBLABLE, s, Likencss. 

Every thinge that berithe lyfe desyreth 
to be coqjoynyd to his assembleable i 
and every man shall be associate to his 
owne symylitude. 

Dial, qf Creatures Moralised, p. 96. 

AssEMBLAUNCE, «. Resemblancc. 

AssEMBLEMENT, s» A gathering. 

AssEMYLE, V, To assemblo. 

AssENE, s,pL Asses. 

AssENEL, «. Arsenic Prompt, P, 

Assent, (A.-N.) (1) adj\ Consent- 
ing ; agreeing. 

(2) «. Consent ; agreement. 

The wyfes of fhl highe prudence 
Have of assent made ther avow. 

lydgate's Minor Poems, p. 1S4. 

(3) part.p. Sent. 

Assentation, s, (Lat.) Flattery. 

AssENTATOB, «. A flatterer. 

AssENTiON, «. Consent. Herrick. 

AssENYCKE, s. Arscuic. Palsgrave. 

AssEPERSELiE, s. The plant cher- 
vil. Nomenclator, 1585, p. 131. 

AssES-FOOT, «. The herb coltsfoot. 

AssBTH, adv. (A.'N.) Sufficiently ; 

enough. See Aseth. 

Nevir shall make his richesse 
Msetk unto his gredmesse. 

Bom. qfthe Base, 660a 

AssETTB, V. To assail. 

AssHB, V. To ask. See Ass. 

AssHEAD, s. A blockhead ; a fool. 

Ass-HEABD, «. A keeper of asses. 

Ass-HOLE, s. A receptacle for ashes. 

AssHREiNT, 1 part. p. (from 
ASSCHREINT, J A.-S. screncam, to 
deceive.) Deceived. The infini- 
tive of the verb would be assh* 




A! dime, he saide, ich ««8 otselreiHit 
Ich wende thou baddest ben adreint 
Sevyn Sagea^ i. 1486. 

ISie gyoures loveden the kyng noughth. 
And wolden hare him bycaughth. 
Hy ledden hym therfore, ala I fyude. 
In the straungeat peryi of Ynde. 
Ac, 80 ich fynde in the book, 
liy were taakrej/Ht in her crook. 

E, Alisaunder, L 4819. 

AssiouAL, Mff, {Lat.) Constant. 

As bv the snn we set our dyals, so 
(Madam) we set our pietys by you; 
Without whose light, we shud in dark* 

ness be, 
And nothing tmely good nor vertuons 

You in the Temple so assidttal are. 
Your whole life seems but one continued 

prayer. Fleekno^s Epigrams, 1670. 

AssiDUALLT, ndv. Constantly. 
AssiDUATB, adj. Constant; un- 
remitting ; daily. 

By the asiidwUe laboure of hyt wyfe 
Ethdburga, be. fabtuH, f. 146. 

AssiDUB, «. A word used in llal- 
lainshire, a district of the county 
of York, to describe a species of 
yellow tinsel much used by the 
mummers at Christmas, and by 
the rustics who accompany the 
plough on Plough Monday in its 
rounds through the parish, as 
part of their fantastic decoration. 
It occurs in an old shop-bill, 
as synonymous with horse-gold. 
See Arsedine and Assady, 

AssiEOB, V. (fV.) To besiege. 
Rider* 8 Dietionarie, 1640. 

AssiL-TooTH, «. A grinder. North, 

AssiL-TRBE, tf. An axle-tree. 

AssiMULATioK, tf. (Lot,) Assimi- 


Besides these three several operations 
of digestion, there is a fourfold order of 
concoction : mastication, or chewing in 
ihe mouth; chylilication of this so 
chewed meat in the stomach ; the third 
Is in the liver, to turn this chvlus into 
blood, called sanguification ; the last is 
mrimulatioH, which is in everv part. 

Burton, An. of Met., v. i, 29. 

Absimule, V. To assimilate ; to 

AssiNOE, /Nrr/. p. Assigned. 
AssiNEuo, 1 «. A Portuguese word, 
AsiNEGo, J meaning a young ass ; 

used generally for a silly fellow \ 

a fool. 

Thou hast no more brains than I have 
in my elbows; an asnnego nmy tutor 
thee. Tro. and Crei., ii, 1. 

When in the interim they apparell'd 

me as you see, 
Made a fool, or an annigo of me, 8tc. 

0. PL, X, 109. 

All this would be forsworn, and I again 
an asinego, as your sister left me. 

B. and Fl., Scomf. Lady. 

B. Jonson has a pun against Inigo 

Jones, on this word : 

Or are von so ambitious Miove your peers, 
You'd be an OM inigo by your years. 

Epigrams, vol. vi, p. 290. 

Assise, a. {A,-N,) (1) Place; si* 


There ne was not a point truely. 
That it has in his right assise. 

Rom. of the Bose, 12S7. 

(2) A Statute. 

Sire, he said, bi Qod in heven, 
Thise boiiouns that boilen seven, 
Bitocnen thine seven wise. 
That han i-wrowt ayen the assise. 

Sevyn Sages, L 249a 

(3) A judgement. 

The kyng he sende word ajeyn, that he 

hadde ys franchise 
In ys owne court, for to loke domes 

and asise. Bob. Glouc, p. 53. 

Ur elder God did Jhesum rise. 
The nuilc gie hang witli fals asise, 

JUS. Med,, Utk cent. 

(4) A regulation ; rule ; order. 

And after mete the lordys wyse, 
Everyche yn dywers queyntyse. 
To daunce went, by ryght asgse. 

Octovian, L 61 

(5) Assizes. 

fow to teche God hath me sent. 

His lawys of lyff that arn ful wyse* 
Them t-o lern be dyligent, 
5oure soulys may thei save at %uo 
last asgse. 

Coventry Mysteries, p. tfu. 

(6) Things assigned; oommsk 



Whan ther comes march'aniiaiie. 
With corn, wyn, aiid •teil, othir other 

To heore lond any schip, 
To houae they wollith anon BKjpvt. 


(7) The long oMme, a term of 

^on bothe her wedde lys, 
And play thai biginne; ^ 
And sett he hath the long astse. 

And endred beth therinne: 
Tke play biginneih to arise, 
Tnatrem deleth atuinne. 

Sir Tristrem, 

(8) Measure. In the romance 
of Sir Tryamour (MS. in the 
Cambridge Public Library), after 
the hero has cut off the legs of a 
giant, he tells him that they are 
both " at oon as8i/»e,** i. e. of the 
same length. 

(9) V. To settle; to confirm; to 

AssiSH, adj. Foolish. **Asindggine, 
assishnesse, blockishnesse," Fhr. 
AssKES, 8. Ashes. See Jss, 
A88-MANURB, «. Mauurc of ashes. 

Absmayuied, part p. Dismayed. 
Ass-midden, «. A heap of ashes ; 

a mixen. North, 
AssNOOK, adv. Under the grate. 

AssoBRB, V. To render calm. 

And thus I rede thou assobre 
Thyn herte, in hope of such a ^ce. ^ 
Gower'* Confessio Amantts, b. ti. 

Associate, v. {Lat,) To accom- 

Ooing to find a bare-foot brother out. 
One of our order, to associate me. 

Borneo and JuUet, t, 3. 

AssoiL, V. To soil. 

AssoiLE, 1 V. {J,'N.) (1) To ab- 

ASSOiLLB, V solve; acquit; set at 

ASOTLB, J liberty. 

And so to ben assoUled, 
And siththen ben houaeled. 


I at my own tribunal am assoiVd^ 
Vet fttriog others eenauie am embroiPd. 

0, PL, zii, tk 


Here he his robjects all, in general. ^ 
JssovUs, and quites of oath and fealtae. 
Jkm. Civ. Wars, U, 111. 
Pray devoutly for the Boule, whom Qod 
assoyle, of one of the moat worshipful 
knights in his dayes. 

Epitaph, in Camden*s Sen. 

Those that labour to assoyle the Prophet 
from sinne in this hia disobedieno^ 
what do they else but cover a naked 
. body with fig-leaves, &c. 

King on Jonah, p. ooo. 

But, if we live in an age of iudevotion, 
we think ourselvea well assoil'd, if wo 
be warmer tlian their ice. 

Taylor's Great Exemplar, p. 68. 

(2) To solve; to answer. "I 

assoyle a hard question : Je soult" 


Gaym, come flforthe and anawere rae, 
Asoule my qwestyon anon-ryght. 

Coventry Mysteries, p. SB. 

(3) To decide. 

In th* other hand 
A pair of waighta, with which he did «f- 

soyle -^ 

Both more and lesse, where it in doubt 

did stand. On Mutab., canto vii, 98. 

AssoiLE, ». Confession. 

When we speake by way of riddle (enig- 
ma) of which the 8enr#» can hardly be 
picked out, but by the parties owno 
assoile. Puttenh., iii, p. 157, repr. 

AssoiNE, (1) *. (A,-N,) Excuse; 
delay. See Essoine, 

Therfore hit liijte Babiloyne, 

That shend thing is witliouten assoyne. 

Cursor Mundi, MS. Trin. Cantab., f. 16. 
At Venyse com up Alisaunder; 
Pes men blewe and no loud sclaunder. 
i^is lettres he sent, withouten assoyne. 
Anon into Grace-Boloyne. . ,,,« 

Jlisaunder, L 1448. 

(2) V. To excuse ; to delay. 

The scholde no weder roe assoine, 

Flor. and Blanch^ 07. 

AssoMON, V. To summon. 
AssoRTB, «. {A.-N) An assembly. 

** By one assorte" in one com* 

AssoTE, "1 r. {J.'N.) (1) To besot, 
ASSOT, J or infatuate ; used by 

Spenser, who also employs it for 

the participle aswtted, 

Willye, I ween thou be assot, 

' Eel.March„f,Wk 





(2) To dote on ; to be infatuated ; 
used e.>pecially by Gower. 

This wytc, whiche in lier lustes grene 
Was fayr«* Hiid fresslie and tender of age. 
She may not let the courage 
Of hym, tJiat wol on her auote. 

Oower, ed. 1533, f. 18. 

AssowE, adv. In a swoon. 

Ass-plum, a. A sort of plum, men* 
tioned bv Florio. 

A8S-RiDDLiN,«. A superstitious cus- 
tom practised in the North of 
England upon the eve of St. 
Mark, when ashea are sifted or 
riddled on the hearth. It is be* 
lieved that if any of the family 
shall die within the year, the shoe 
of the fated individual wiU leave 
an impression on the ashes. 

AssuBJuoATB, 9, To subjiigate. 

AssuE, 1 adv, A term applied to a 
AZBw, J cow when drained of her 
milk at the season of calving. 
S9mertet. DwaeL 

AssuMBNT, a, {Lot, ttaaumewtum,) 
A patch or piece set on. 

AssuMP, part, p, {Lai, maaumplua,) 
Raised. It occurs in Hall, Henry 
VI, f. 61, and should perhaps be 

Assumpsit, «. A promise. It is 
properly a law term, bat in the 
following passage it is used in a 
general sense. 

The king, whom now a doubted hopt til 

profered heipe made glad. 
Made promise of two milk white steedes 

as diiefeat gemmea he had. 
Brane Herculea, whose ventroos heart did 

onely hant for &me, 
Aeoepts th' astumfuitt and prepares the 

flendlike fish to tame. 

Warner'* Album** England, 169S. 

AssuMPT, V. (Fr.) To take up from 
a low place to a high place. 

AssuBANCE, a. Affiance; betroth- 
ing for marriage. Pembroke^a 
Arcadia,'^, 17. 

A8SUBOB,«.rfrom FV*.foiinlrtf.) To 
break forth. SMtim, fforka^ i, 

AMUKBy9.(l) TooonAde. 

(2) To affiance; to betroth. 


There lovely Amoret, that was tu9ut*d 
To lusty Perigot, bleeds out her life. 

Beaumont and Fl., ii, 107. 

(3) «. Assurance. Ckmnarf cdL 
Uny, p. 432. 

AsswYTHB, adv. Quickly. • 

Thny lajed and made hem blytha 
Wyth lotez that were to lowe} 
To soper they fede tustoyth* 
Wyth dayntes uwe innowe. 

Gawayn and the Green K., 1. SGSS. 

AsSTOGB, a, A hunting term. Per* 
haps for aaaiege^ or c aiege, 

Te shnll say, iUeeeene^ iUaaqne, alwey 
whan they fynde wele of hym. and then 
ye shttl keste out easygge ai abowte the 
feld for to se where he be go out of the 
pasture, or eliis to his foorme. 


AssTNB, V. To join. 

Syns Xbssj be so loth to be atsyned. 

J^laye caUed the toure FP. 

AssTNO, V. To assign. 

AsT. Asked. iA'or/A. The same 

form occurs in MSS. of the 14th 

and 15th cent.' 
AsTA. Hast thou. Yorkah. 


ASTAT, >«. (J,'N,) State. 


Thanne is accidie enemy to every attaai 
of man. Chaaeery Persone* T 

Whan he is set in his astat, 

Thre thevyt be brout of synfnl gyse. 

Country Mysterie*, p. 15S. 
The kyng lay in the palois of York, and 
kept lus mstate solemply. 

MS. Coll. Arm., K ii. 

AsTABiLiSHB, V. To establish. 

AsTABLB, 9. To Confirm. 

AsTANTB, 0. To stand by. 

The might himie a»tant the by. 

PLemJftrvn, p. 479. 

AsTAUNCHB, V. To sstisfy | to 


And castethe one to chese to hfr delite 

That may better astaunehe hjr appetite. 

Lgdgate* Minor Poemt, f, 90. 

AsTB, etn^. As if; althongh. 
AsTEBB, adv. Active; bustling 
stirring abroad; astir. Phrik. 




AmLT, «ife. Hastily. 

Or els, JesQ, y askr the reyd, 
MMv tbut y wer deyd ; 

Therto God helae me thea t 

Str AmadoM, L 396. 

AsTBNTEf pret, /. of a$tmte. (J^S,) 

Aster, «. Easter. North and 

AsTERDE, V. {J.'S.) To escape. 
AsTERisM, ». {Gr,) A constellation. 
AsTERTK, V. {A.'S,) (1) To escape. 

For man was maad of swich a matere. 
He may noght wel asterte, 
That ne som tvme hym bitit 
To folwen his Kynde. 

And so began there a qoarele 
Betwene love and her ovme herte, 
Fro whiche she conthe not asterte. 
6owcr^$ Conf. Am., ed. 1683, f.70. 

(2) To release. 

And smale tythers thay were fonly schent. 
If eny persona wold npon hem plevne, 
Tber might asUrt him no pecantalpeyne. 
Chaucer, Cent. T., 68M. 

(3) To alarm ; to take anawares. 

No danger there the shepherd can a$tert. 
Sp&Hs., Bel. Nov., r. 187. 

(4) To trouble; to disturb. 
Asterte or ottered, troubled, dis* 

AsTEYNTv, partt p» Attainted ? 

What dostow here, unwrast gome? 
For tliyn harm thou art hider y-eomel 
He I fyle tuteynte lioresone 1 

K. Alieaunder, 1. 880. 

AsTiOR, V. {4'-'S.) To ascend ; to 
mount upwards. Mtiegunfff as- 
cension. Fergtegmu 

ASTINTR, K,(^..5.) X^,8t0p. 
ASTBNTE, J ^ ' ^ 

And whan sche drow to his chanmber sche 

dede ful sone 
Here maydenes and other meyn4 mpkeli 


WiUiam and the WermcHf, p. 66. 

AsTiPULATE, V. (Lat,) To bargain ; 

to stipulate. 
j^sTiPULATioN, e. (Lat.) An agree* 

.ment; a bargain. 

AsTiBV, ». The hearth. See Jttri 
and JUtre, 

Bad her take the pot that sod over the ire. 
And set it abooTo npon the astire. 

Uttereon'e Pop. Poet., ii, 78t. 

kwriKTE, pret. t^ Started; leapt. 
AsTiTB, 1 adv. (An'S.) Anon; 
A8TTT, I quickly. Kersey, in his 
AL8TYTE. J Enfflvth JHctionorf, 
17 lb, gives iutUe as a North 
country word with the explana- 
tions, *'as soon, anon," taken 
probably from Ray's CoUeetUm, 
1674t p. 2. 

God moro«n> sir Gawaya, 

Sayde that fayr lady, 

te ar sleper vn-slyte, 

Mob may slyde hmer j 

Ifow ar ]e tan astyt^ 

Bot true us may scliape. 

€tav)€afn and the Green K., 1. 12819. 

He dyde on hys clothys aatyte. 

And to seynt Jhon he wrote a skrjrte. 

MS. Harl., 1701 J. 46 h. 

Fnl richeliche he gan him sehrede. 
And lepe astite opon a stede : 
For nothing he nold abiae. 

Ami* and Atnikmn, 1. 1040^ 

Bot so he wend have passed quite. 
That fd the tother bifor alstyte. 

Twaine and Gawin, 1. 686. 

AsTiuNV, #• A kind of precious 


Ther is saphir, and uniune. 
Carbuncle and astiune, 
Smaragde, lugre, and prassione. 

Poem on Coeaygne. 

AsTOD, pret, t, of astonde. Stood. 
A-ST06G'D,/7ar/. p. Having one's 
feet fast in clay or dirt. Dorset. 
AsTOND^, V, (A.'S,) To withstand. 
AsTONED, "Xpart. p. Stunned. 
ASTONiED, J Eob, Gloue, 


ASTOUND, I ^ ^ Andpart.p. 
ASTOUNDED, ^^^..jv.) Astonishcd. 




Were wonderfully thereat aetonyed. 

StanihursC* Ireland, p. 14 

D, J A 

' 1 

>. I 

•ED, ) 







-^ Adam, Mon t» he liMTd 
TYte fi&UI trespass done by Ere, amaz'd, 
Mtaniei stood and blank. 

MiUoii, P. £.. b. ix, L 888. 

8ho was tutMdyd in that stownde, 
Vor in bys face sho saw ft woAde. ^ 

rwciiM mnd Gawin, 1. 1719. 

And with hys hevy vMse of stele 
There he eaff the Icyng hys dele^ 
That hys helme al torove, 
And hym orer hys sadell dnnrei 
And hys styropes he forbare : 
Such a stroke had he uever are. 
He was so stonyed of that dente 
That nygb he had hys lyff rente. 

K. Michari, 1. 481. 

The sodern caas the man astoneyd tho. 
That reed he wax, abaischt, and al quakyng 
He stood, unuethe sayd he wordcs mo. 

Chaucer, Cdnt, 7., 819S. 

Sonderliche his man mttoHed 

In his owene mende, 
Wanne he note never wannes he comthe, 

Ne wider he schel wende. 

WilHoM de SkorekoM. 

8o one <tf his felowes sayde, go nowe 
ipeake to her. But he stode styll all 
mtonjfcd. Tales and ^ieke Ansieen. 

— Th' elfe therewith Mtoum*d 
Upstarted lightly from his looser make. 
I^ens., F. Q., I, vii, 7. 

JtUm^d be stood, and tip bit beare did hove. 


Thdr horses tacks Ikreak ander them; 

The knights were both aston'd; 
To void their horses they made baste^ 

To bgbt upon the eround. 

Ballad of King Arthur. 

MMnd with him Achates was, for joy they 

w'Ottld have lept 
Te joyne their hands, but feare againe them 

hem and close y-kept. 

Fhaer'M Tirgil, 1600. 

Astonish, v. To stan with a blow. 

Enoogh, attaint you have aetonished him. 
Shakesp., Henry V, v, 1. 

AsTONNB, V, (A,'N.) To confoand. 
AsTONT, «. {A.'N,) To astonish. 

Fiorio's New World qf JFwdi, 

1611, p. 15. 
AsTooDBD, part p» Sank fast in 

the ground, as a waggon. Dortet. 
A8T00R,ttlp. Shortly; Teryquicklf. 

AsTOPARD, ». An animal« but of 

what kind it nncertaiai 

Of Sthiope he was y-beri^ 
ur the kind of astoparng 

He had tuskes like a hoar, 
An head like a hbbard. 


Astokv, V. TV> Store { to replenish j 
to restore. 

At cite, bonre, trnd casiel. 
Thai were astored swithe wet 

Arthour and Merlin, p. 90. 

AsrovKD, 9, (A.'N,) To astonish 

AsTOTNTN, V. To shske ; to bmise. 

Prompt, Parv, 
Astraddle, t». To straddle. 
AsTRAOALS, 9. (Gr, doTpdyttKoL) 

A game, somewhat like cockall. 

** AstragaHze^ to play at dice, 

huckle-bones, or tables." BUnmi, 

GloBtographia, p. 59. 
Astral, odj. {Lai.) Starry. 
AsTRANOLBD, port p. Strangled; 


For neigh by weren bothe fat tbnni 
delrangled, and ek for-prest. 

Z. AUsaunder, 5099. 

AsTRAUGHT, porL p. Terrified; 

AsTRAUNOBO, port, p. Estranged. 
AsTRAT,«. A stray animal. Prompt. 

AsTRAYLT, adv, Astray. Prompt. 

AsTRB, 9, (1) (Lot,) A star; A 


(2) A hearth. See Eetre. 
AsTRBLABRB, t. An Bstrolabe. 


AsTRBTCHB, V, (A,''S,) To reach. 
AsTRBTNTD, part, p. Constrained. 
AsTRBYT, adv. Straight. 
AsTRiCK, V. To restrict. Stato 

Papers, temp. Hen, VIII, 
AsTRiCTKD, part, p. Restricted. 
AsTRiD, ado. Inclined. Stufolk, 
AsTRiDOB, 9. An ostrich. For e«- 

AsTRiDLANDS,a<lp. Astridc. North, 
AsTRiNGE, 9. {Lat,) To bind^ to 





AsmnrovB, 1 «. {A.-N,} A fal- 

AHSTRlNOEAy > cnner. In ^//'« 
OSTRBOiER, J M^ell that Ends 
Well, act T, 8C. 1, the stage di- 
rection says, ** Enter a gentle 

We usually call a falconer who keeps 
that kind of hawks, an avstringer. 

Covelfs Law Diet. 

AsTRiPOTBNT, t. {Lat») Having 
power over the stars. 

AsTROD, adv. Straddling. Somerset. 

AsTRODDLiNG, odj. AstHdc. Leie, 

AsTROiB, V. To destroy. 

AsTROiT, «. A sort of stone, some- 
times called the star-stone, of 
which Brome, Travels over Eng" 

■ iand, p. 12, mentions finding 
many at Lassington, in Glou- 
cestershire, and gives a particular 
account of them. 

Astrology, s. A herb mentioned 
by Palsgrave, and perhaps the 
same as the aristologie, 

AsTROMiEN, s. {ji.'X.) An astro- 
nomer, or astrologer. 

Of gold be made a table, 
Al fal of steorren, saun fable. 
And thongte to seyn, amouges men. 
That he is an astromym. 

Alisaunder, 1. 136. 

Astronomer, «. An astrologer. 
Astronomer's game. », 

Gentlemen, to solace their wearied 
mindes by honest pastimes, playe at 
chesse, the astronomer's game^ and the 
philosopher's game, which whettes thyr 
wittes, recreates theyr minds, and hurts 
no body in the meane season. 

iMpton's Too Good to U Tnu. 

AsTROPHBL, «. A bitter herb;, 
probably starwort. 

My little flock, whom earst I loT*d so well. 
And wont to feed with finest grasse that 
Feede ye henceforth on bitter astrofeU, 
And stinking smallage and unsaverie me. 

Sfsm,, ]>aphn.t 844. 

AiTROSB, adj, {Lat») Born under 

an evil star. 
AsTROTB, adv. (1) In a 8:ifelUng 

manner. **jisirut or st n > wtiogl^. 
Turgidc." Prompt. Parr. 

Tlie maryner, that wolde bare inyne Iivff 

Hys yen stode owtc astrote forthy, 
Hys lymiiies M-ere rot<>n hym fro. 

Le Bone Florence, L SSSi. 

He gafe hym swylke a clowte. 
That bothe his eghne sttide otie strowte. 
Sir Isumhras, lAne^ MS. 

What good can the great gloron do with 
his bely standing astrote likn a taber, 
and bis notl toty with drink, but balk up 
his brewes ia the middes of liis matters^ 
01 lye down and slepe like a swine f 

Sir Thomas More's Works, p. 97. 

(2) Standing out stiff, in a pro- 
jecting posture. 

Godds sowle schal be swore, 
The kn^f schal stond astroitt, 
Thow his botes be al to-tore 
fat he wol make it stout. 

AsTRTLABB, «. Au Estrolabe. 

His almagest, and bookes gret and smal^ 
His astrytabe, longyng for bis art. 
His augrym stoones, leyen faire apart 
On schelves couched at his beddes heed. 
Chaucer's Cant. T., 830& 

AsTRTyTD,|Mir/.p. Distracted. 

Beryn and his company stood all astryvyd. 
History of Beryn, 2429. 

AsTUN, V. (A.'S.) To stun. 

He frust doun at o dent. 
That hors and man astuned lay. 

Arthour and Merlin, p. 238^ 

Who with the thundring noise of his swifk 
courser's feet 

^/M»'i the earth. J)ray.Fot.,xfm. 

AsTUNTB, pret, t. (from ji,'S. 
astandan.) Remained; stood. 

At Lewes the kingbi^n mid is poer abides 
The barons astttnte withoute toun biside. 

Bob. Olouc., p. 540. 

Astute, adj. (Lat.) Crafty. 
AsTT, adv. Rather; as soon as. 

Astyb, V, (A.'S.) To ascend. Mob, 

Asttfled, part. p. Lamed in the 

leg; said of a dog. 
AsTVLLB, «. {A.'N^ A shingle ; a 

thin board of wood. "MtjfUe, a 




■•cliyyd. Teda. Astala. Cadia.'' 
Prompt, Parv. 
AsuNOBRLY, adv. Separately. 
AsuNDRi, \€u[v. {A.-S.) Apart; 
A8TNORB, J separately. 

In this world, bi Seyn Jon, 
So wise a roan is th'er non, 
Asuudri schttld hem knawe. 

Amis and Jmiloun, L 2063. 

And therfore comyth the thyrde towche, 
that one thynge seme not tweyne, that 
diolde falle yf eyther eye asyndre sawe 
bia owne ymag;e. 

Trmta*$ Bartholom., sig. g t. 

AswARK, adv. On one side ; out 

of the way of anything. See 


Hym had bin beter to have gmm more 
aswtut. ChttuceTt ed, IJrrjf, p. 699. 

AswASH, adv. Slanting. 

Chanuurrt, a loose and light gowne, that 
may be worne Mwask or skarfewise. 

AswBLT, V. {A,'S,) To become ex- 

Ac iot and snow cometh out of holes, 
And brennyng fnyr, and glowyng coles; 
That theo snow for the fuyr no roelt, 
No tho fUyr for theo snow aswelt. 

K. JUsaunder, 6689. 

AswBVBD, pari, p. Stupified, as in 

a dream. 

"Far so astonied and aswewd 
Was every virtue in me heved. 

House qflime, ii, 41. 

AswiN, adv. Obliquely. North. 
^fr^^fl \^9' i^-S.) In a 

A9W0WB, ^ V ^ 

▲SWOUNBtJ ■""""• 

Aiwogh he fell adonn 
An hyt hynder arsonn. 

LjfheoMS Ihscomu, 1171. 

The king binethen, the stede above. 
Tor iotbe air Arthonr was aswows. 

Arthowr and Merlin^ p. 128. 

Abtdbnhandb, adv. On one side. 

But he toke nat his ground so even in 
the front afore them as he wold have 
don yf he might better have sene them, 
butt somewhate asydenhandSy where he 
dtspoeed all his people in good arraye 
■U that nyght. 

Jfriml4ifBMgBd,ir p.'hB. 

AsTORB, V. To essay. 

Now let seo sref ony is so hardy 
That durste hit him usyghe. 

Jiyng Jiisaunder, 88711 

XsYWDt part. p. Assigned. 

At, (1) prep. To; prefixed to the 
verb, as at say, for, to say ; at do, 
for, to do. Common in MSS. of 
the 14th cent. 

Bred thev pard and schare, 
Ynough thei hadde at ete. 

Sir Tristrem, st. 60. 

(2) To ; before substantives, as, 

to do a/ a thing, instead of to it. 

Here's at ye, what 1 drink won't fat ye. 


(3) In. 

For certes, al the sorwe that a man 
myght make fro the begynnjrnge of 
the world, nys but a litel thing, a/ 
regard of the sorwe of helle. 

Chaucer t Fersones T, 

(4) Of. North, 

He take his leve at the daye 
At Mildor the faire maye. 

Sir Deg ret a xU e. 

(5) For. 

At this cause the knv^ comlyche hade 
In the more half of iiis schelde Iiir ymage 
depaynted. Syr Gawayne, p. 26. 

(6) eoi^. That. 

Thou ert a fole, at thou ne had are 
Tald me of this ferly fare. 

Twune and Oawin, L 461. 

Still used in the North of Eng- 

It leet wed at the podditch wur naw 
■cawding. Tim BohbiHf p. 82. 

(7) /won. Who, or which. 

Also he to, at lawborrs the wyna shoold 
ken and wnderstona the wyd qwych 
■hoclde beyr fruyt. 

SkepartTs Kalender, ng. F, 7. 

We may not be assoyled of the trespas, 
Bot if we make aseth in that at we may. 

MS. Earl, 1022, f . 68 b. 
(8) Pre/. /. of ete, to eat. 

No hadde thai no wines wa^ 

No ale that was old. 
No no code mete thai at. 

Thai hadden al that thai woUL 

SirTristrem p. 2611 




(9) At qfttTt after. Still used in 
the North. 

But I pray the what betokned that 
wounderful oomete and sterre wliidi 
apperyd upon this londe the yere of 
our lorde MCCCCII, from the Epiphany 
til two wekes at after Ester? 

Dmet and PaupeVt sig. d, 5 b. 

Atabal, «. A kind of tabor used 

by the Moors. Dryden. 

KTKAXt r. (J.'S.) To overtake. 

And to the castel gat he ran ; 
In al the ccmrt was ther no man 
That him might atake. 

Amis and JMtlowt, 1. S070. 

At- ALLS, adv. Entirely; alto- 
gether. Lydgate and Chaucer, 

Atamb, V, (A,'S.) To tame. 

Atanunb, adv. Afternoon. St^jf, 

Atarne, V, (A,-SJ) To run away; 

Maiiie flowe to ehurche, and the oonatahlo 

Mamde alire, and manie were i-bro)t to 

dethe. Bob. Ohue., p. 539. 

Atastb, V. To taste. 

Ataunt, adv, (J,'N.) So much. 

Atatite, at^, {Lat.) Ancestral. 

But trulie this boldnes, not mvue owne 
nature, hath taught mee, out your 
nature, generositie prognate, and come 
from your atovi^^ progeuitours. 

SUisU Literary Letters^ p. 76. 

Ataxy, #. (Gr,) Disorder; irre- 

Atbbre, v. (A,'S. atberan.) To 
bear or carry away, 

Atblowe, v. To blow with bel- 

Atbbrstb, v. To burst in pieces. 

ATCHARBt adv. Ajar. Norf, 

Atc HBKED, part. p. Choaked. 

Atchkson, 1 «. A coin, of billon 
ATCHISON, J or copper washed 
with silver, struck under James 
VI of Scotland, of the value of 
eight pennies Scots, or two thirds 
of an English penny. It was 
well known in the North of Eng- 

Kor can the ateheton or the baubee 
Vw my antiquity compare with me. 
Tajflor^i Works, 1680. 

AtChoHn, «. An acorn. Atchwn» 

htfff gatheiing acorns. Var, dioL 
Ate, (1) V, To eat. Somenet. 

(2) For atie. At the. 
Atkoar, a. (A.^S.) A kind of lance. 

Ateignb. {A,'N.) To attain ; to 

Ateinb, v. {A.'N, atainer.) To 

over-fatigue ; to wear out. 

Moo dyede for hete, at schorte werdes, 
Thenne for dint off sper or swerdes. 
Kyng Richard was ainioost ateynt. 
And la ti^e smoke nvgh adreynt. 

Miekara Coer de L., L 4847. 

In the hete they wer almost ateynt. 
And in the smoke nygh adreynt. 

/*., 1.6131. 

Atbintb, V. (I) (A.'N, atincter.) 
To give a colouring to. 

Nai, dowter. for God abo\-e ! 
Old men ben felle and queinte. 
And Wikkede wrenches conne ateiute, 
Sevyn Sages, 1. 1756 

(2) (A 'N.) To reach ; to obtain. 

She seid, Thomas, let them stand. 
Or eUis the feend wille the ateynte. 

Ballad qf True Thomas. 

(fi) part. Convicted; attainted. 
Atelich, adj, (A'.S,) Foul ; cor- 
rupt; hateful. 

The bodi ther hit lay on here, 
An atelich thing as hit was on. 

AppeM. to W. Mapes, p. 84S. 

Atbllb, V. (A,'S, atellan,) To 
reckon; to count. 

Tlie kyng thorn ys conseyl encented wel 

her to. 
And god ostage of nom, the truage vor to 

And atel al her god, and let him al bar 

wende. Mob. Glouc., p. 171. 

Atbx, adv. Often. Northampt, 
Atbnbs, adv. At once. 
Atbnt, «. {A.'N.) An object ; in* 

Ther y had an honderthe marke of rent; 
Y spente hit alle in lyghtte aient, 
Of Buche forlok was y. 


Ateon, V, (A.'S,) To make angry, 
Atbb, (1) adv. After. Far. dioL 




(2) «. Attire. 

Atbrst, adv. In earnest ; in fact. 

Atgo, \v,{J.'S,) To expend; 

ATOON,/ to go, pass away, or 


Whet may t lugge 1>ote wolawo 1 
When mi lif is me atgo. 

Lyric Poett^» p. 74. 

Ther ich wes laef, icham M loht. 
Ant alle myn godes me atgoht. 

Ibt, p. 48( 

Ath, (1) 8. {A.'S. a*.) An oath. 

(2) pret, L of hatie. Hath. Rob. 

(3) Each. 

Thai token ath tnllce { 
The rogire raggi scolke 
Bag ham in helle 1 

Fol Songt, p. 2W. 

4THALDB, 1 V. {A.'S.) To Wlth- 

ATHELDB, [> hold ; to keep ; to 

ATHOLDB, J retain. Prei. atheld, 

and athuld. Rob, GUmc, 

He him might no lenge athelie. 

Qy (f Wanmkey p. 60. 

Swider, our kyng of this lend, ys tmage 
athuld sone. Bob. Glouc., p. 63. 

Athanor, «. A digesting furnace ; 

an alchemical term. 

And 86 thy fornace be apt therfore, 
Whych wyse men do call athcnor, 

Mhmol^s Theat. Chem., p. 149. 

i'THATTBNS, odv. In that manner. 

J*thi88e7iSt in this manner. Leie, 

Ithel, adj, (J,'S.) Nohle. 

FoTthi for fantoum and fayryje 
The folk there hit demed, 
Tberfore to aonsware wat5 ar;e 
Mony athel freke. 

CbnM^ ir the Gr. Knyght, 1. 440. 

Athblistb, a^. Most noble. 

Thane syr Arthure one erthe, 
Jlheliste of othere, 
At evene at his awene horde 
Anmtid his lordez. 

Morte Jrtkure. 

ATHBNfi, V. (A,'S. a\>enian,) To 
stretch out. Atheninfft «. Ex- 
tension. Lydgate. 

Atbbolooian, s. {Chr,) One who 
it the opposite to a theologian* 

ATHEOits, adj. {Or,) Atheistical. 

It is an ignorant conceit, that inquiry 
into nature should make men atheous, 
Biihop HalF* Works, ii, 13. 

ATHERt adj. Either. 

Athbrt, prep. Athwart ; across* 

Devon and Somerset. 
A-THBs-ALF, /;rqty. On this side 

of. Rob. Glouc. 
Ai-HiLLBTDAir, ». The rule of an 


Seeke the ground meete for your pur- 
pose, and then take an astrolobe, and 
fiang that upon your thombe by the 
ring, and then turue the athHUyiay or 
rule with the sights up and downe, 
untill that you doo see the marke. 

Boumt^9 Inventions, 1578. 

Xmiv^prep. Within. Var. dioL 

Athinkbn, v. (J.'S.) To repent. 

Soore it me a-thynketh 

For Uie dede that I have doon. 


A-THI8-8IDE. On this side. FIw. 

Athoo, eonj. As though. 
Atholdb, v. See Mhalde. 
A.TuovT,prep. M'ithout. Somerset* 
Athrang, adv. In a throng. 
Athrb, ladv. (A.'S.) In three 

athreo, J parts. 

Athrbp, ad». (A.'S.) With tor- 
ture; cruelly. 

Heo hire awarieth al athrep. 
Also wulves doth the seep. 

Oclavian, Conyheare, p. 57. 

Athrine, v. To touch. Veretegan. 

Athristb, r. To thrust; to hurry 

Athroted, part. p. Throttled; 
choked. Chaucer. 

Athrough, adv. Entirely. 

Athrust, adv. Thirsty. 

Ath CRT, adv. Athwart; across. 
West. Athurt and aUmgst, a 
proyerbial expression when re- 
flections pass backwards and 
forwards between neighbours 
also, when the two ends of a 
piece of cloth or linen are sewed 
together, and then cut through 




the middle, so that the two ends 
become the middle or the 
breadth, and the middle or 
breadth makes the two ends. 
AtblYt, part, p. Conditioned? 

Ko storing of pasture^ with baggedg:1y tyt. 

With ragged, with aged, and eva athyt. 

TuuerM 1673. 

Atil, «. (J[,'N,) Furniture ; neces- 
sary supplies. Hob. Gloue. 

Atile, v. {A,-N. attikr,) To equip ; 
to supply with necessary stores. 
Used frequently by Rob. of Glouc. 

Atilt, (1) adv. At a tilt ; in the 
manner of a tilter, 
(2) V, To tilt. 

Atire, r. (^.-iV.) To prepare; to 
fit out. 

What dos the kyng of Prance? atiret him 
gode navio 

TiDe Inglond, o chance to wynne it with 
maistne. peter Langtoft, p. 207. 

Atisfembnt, #. {A..N, atifement.) 

A pavilion of honour, with riche atisfemmt. 
To serve an emperour at a parlement. 

Feter Ltrngtoft, p. 162. 

Atitlb, V, See AUUk, 
Atlas, *. A rich kind of silk em- 
ployed for ladies' gowns. 

Ittdian-gown man. Fine morning gowns, 
very rich Indian stuflfs; choice of fine 
atlatsei; fine morning gowns. 

SAadweU, Bury Fair, 1689. 

Atlb, v. To array; to arransre. 
See mile. ® 

Hire teht aren white ase bon of whaL 
Evene set ant atlcd al. 

iyncPae/fy,p. 85. 
At-lowb, adv. Below. 

Atnun, adv. Afternoon. North- 

Ato, adv. In two. 
Atok, part. p. Took; seized, 

'^™-..}-*- At home. 

Atomt, *. (Crr.) An atom. 

Drawn with a team of little atomiet 
Mhwart men's noses, as they lie asleep. 
Shaketp., Bom, and Jul., i, 4. 


A skeleton. 



I>ol. Goodman death 1 goodmaa bones' 
Most. Tliou atomy, thou ! 

It is also nsed in the provincid 
dialects of several of the Northern 

Our Jwohnny's just tam'd till a parfet 

Nowther works, eats, drinks, or sleeps as 

he sud. Jnderson's Cumb. Ball, p, 98. 

As I protest, tliey must ha' dissected 
and made an anatomy o' me first, br. 

'Bett Jonton, i, 101. 

Atonb, V, (1) To agree. 

He and Aufidins can no more atotu 
Thiin violentest contrariety. 

Shaketp., Coriol., iv, 6. 

(2) To reconcile. 

Since we cannot atone yon. 

Skakesp., Bich. II, i, 1. 

At-onb, adv. In a state of con- 

Sone thei were at-one, with wille at ol 
assent. Peter Langtoft, p» 220. 

At fewe wordes thai ben at-one. 
He graythes him and forth is gon. 

Zai le Frene, L 279. 

Atonement, 8. Reconciliation. 
If we do now make our atonement well. 
Our peace will, like a broken limb united. 
Be stronger for the breaking. 

Skakesp., 2 Sen. IF, iv, 1. 
Since your happiness, 
As yon will have it, has alone dependence 
Upon her favour, from my soul I wish you 
A fair atonement. 

Massing., D. of Milan, iv, 8. 

Atop, adv, 9.nd prep. On the top ; 
upon. In modem dialects it is 
accompanied by of or on. 

The buzzar is very ordinary ; 'tis covered 
atop to keep out the searching beames 
of the scortching suune. 

Merbert^s Travels, 1838. 

Jtop the chappell is a globe (or Steele 
mirrour) pendant^ wherein these linx- 
eyed people view the deformity of their 
smnes. /$. 

Atornb, (1) V. To run away. 

Tho Wat«r Tjtd y-sey that he was ded, 

He atomde as vaste as he myfte; that was 

hy« best won. Bob. Qloue., p. 419. 




(2) part p. Broken. Hampth, 

(3) *. An attorney. 

Atour, prep. {A.-N,) About; 

Atourne,». {A.^N.) To equip. 
Atow. That thou. 
At-play, arf». Oiitofwork. 5/a#. 
Atraht. \pret. t, of aireehe. 

ATRAUGHT, J Scizcd ; took away. 
Atramental, 1 adj. {Ut.) Black 

ATRAMENT0U3, J as ink. 
Atrate, v. (from A.-S. tregian.) 
To trouble ; to vex ; to anger. 

He sturte him up in a breyd. 
In his hcrte sore atrayyed. 

Kyng of Tars, eOB. 

ATKET>yadj. (from Lat. ater,) Tinged 

with a black colour. 
Atretb, \adv. Distinctly; 

ATRiGHTES, J Completely. Trac- 

«m, dUtincte, Prompt, Parv. 
Atrick, *. An usher of a hall, or 

master porter. Minsheu. 
Atrie, V. To try; to judge. 

Chcfc iustise he satte, the sothe to atrU, 
For lefe no loth to lettc the right lawe to 
guye. ■P«^«' Langtoftt p. 80. 

Atristen, r. To trust ; to confide. 
Atroute, v. (1) To rout ; to put 

to flight. 

(2) To assemble. 

Atrutb, v. To appear. 

Hervore hit is that me the shtmeth. 
And the totoraeth, an tobuneth 
Mid stave, an stoone, an turf, an dute. 
That thu ne mijt no war a/ftt(*. 

EuU and NygUingdU, 1156 

Atscapen, #. {A,'N,) To escape. 

Jesu, thi grace that is so &o 
In siker hope do thou me, 
Atscapen peyne ant come to the^ 
To the blisse that ay shal be. 

Lyric Toetry,^.1l, 

Atsitte, V, (A,-S,) To withstand; 

to oppose. 

AT-sauARE, adv. In dispute. 

Oft times yong men do fall at-square, 
For a fine wench that is feat and faire. 

mthaW Dictionary, p. 271. 

Atstonde, V, (A,'S,) To with- 
ttand. Eob. Gloue. 

Attach, r. (Fr.) To join. 

Ten masts attached make not tlie altitude 
Which thou hast perpendicularly fnllen. 

Skakesp.y LeoTf vr, 6L 

Attache, (1) «. (Fr.) A term in 


An attache^ is as much as to say, 
Tulgarly. tack'd or fasten'd together, of 
one thing fasten'd to another. 

LadU^ Dictionary M^' 

(2) V, (A,'N,) To attach; to 


And comannded a constablt^ 
That com at tlie firate. 
To attachen tho tyrauntz. 

Fiers PL, p. 40. 

I gave oute a commission to certaine 
good worshyppefuU folke at Brystow to 
attache Richard Wehbe. 

Sir T. Mare's Works, p. 727. 

Attaint, #. (1) A taint; anything 


I wilt not poison thee with mj attaint. 
Nor fold my fault in cleanly coin'd exruset. 

Skakesp., Lucreee. 

(2) A term in jousting. See (3). 

The kyng was that daye hjrghly to be 
praysed, for he brake xxiij. speres, 
besyde attayntes, and bare doune to 
eround a man of armes and hys horse. 
Sail, Henry nil, t. 6b. 

(3) V, To hit or touch anything, 
as to strike a blow on a helmet, 

Attal-saresin, «. A term formerly 
applied by the inhabitants .of 
Cornwall to an old mine that is 
Attam B, V. (1) (A,'N. entamer.) 
To commence ; to begin ; to make 
a cut into ; to broach a vessel of 

I pray ye, syr eraperoure, shewe me thy 
mynde, whether is more acoordynge, to 
attame thys fysshe here preasente, 
fyrste at the heade, or at the tayle. The 
emperoure answered shortlye, and 
sayde, at the head the fysshe shall b« 
fyrste atUmed. Fabian's Chron, f. 178. 
Tes, ooste, quoth he, soo mote I ryde of 

But I be mery, I wis I wol be blamed: 
And right anon his tale he hath aUtm$S^ 
And thus he said unto us everichmi. 
Chsntcer, Nonnes Friars Taht si. Vrrf, 




For litliin that payne was first lUinetl, 
Was ner more wotull payne attamed. 

Ckauce?9 DreamCf 596. 

(2) (J..N, atainer,) To hurt ; 
to injure. Probably, when the 
word occurs in this sense, it is a 
misreading of the MS., and ought, 
according to the derivation, to be 
mttaine. In the following passage, 
given under this head by Mr. 
Halliwell, the meaning probably 
is that of (1). 

Of his scholder the swerd glod doao, 
Thatbothe phites and hau^Bijoun 

He carf atao y plight, 
Al to the naked hide y-wis ; 
And nought of flesche atamed is 

Thorcli fnace of God Almight 

Oy of JTarwikt, p. S26. 

(.3) To fame. 

Which made the King change face and 

And specially his pride gan attame. 
Whan he wist Pandosia was the name. 

Bochas, p. 108. 

Attaminate, V, (Lai. aiiamino.) 
To corrupt ; to spoil. 

Attan. See Mie, 

Attanis, adv. {A,.S,) At once. 

Attar, prep. After. Shropsh, 

ATTA8K*Dt part, p. Blamed. 

Attastb, v. To taste. 

Atte, 1 prep. {A.^S, at |>«n, at 

ATTEN, vthe, softened first into 

ATTAN, J attan, then into a/ten, 

and finally into atte.) At the. 

And bad hir lyght it atte fyer. 

Caxton, Scynart, sig. B 6, b. 

Atf4 prestes hows. iJ., sig. B 7. 

Before a word beginning with a 
vowel, the final n was often re- 

So that ettten ends 
liabyie hym ansnerede. 

E, Gloue., p. 481. 

Sometimes, in this case, the n 

was thrown to the next word. 

And thanne seten somme. 

And Bongen atte nale. Piers PI,, p. 124. 

Atte-fkomb, adv, (A.-S, at fru- 
mrnn,) At the beginning; im- 

Attslait, ff. (Lat, atettamm,) A 
drollery ; a satirical piece. 

All our feasts almost, masques, rnQm* 
mings, banquets, menr meetings, wed- 
dings, pleasing songs, fine tunes, poeihl, 
lOTe-stories, playes, coraoedies, attelant. 
Jigs, fescenines, elegies, odes, 8tc. pro- 
ceed hence. Burton, An. o/Jfrf.,ii,841. 

Attble, tr. {A,^S,) To aim; to 
design; to conjecture; to go 
towards; to approach. A form 
of ettle, 

ATTEMPEBAUNCB,ff.(.^..JV:) Tcm* 


The febwes of abstinence ben attempe' 
rauHce, that holdith the mene in alle 
thiiiges; eek schame, that eschiewith al 
dishonesty. Chaucer, Pereonea T. 

And it bihoveth a man putte such 
attemperance in his defence, that men 
have no cause nc raatiere to repreven 
] him, tliat defendith him. of excesse and 
I outrage. Chaucer, T. of Melibeu$, 

; Attemperel, adj, {A..N.) Mo* 
derate; temperate. 

Certes, wel I wot, attemperel wepyng is 
nothing defended to him that sorwful 
18, amonges folk in sorwe, but it is 
rather graunted him to wepe. The 
apostel Poule unto the Romayns 
writeth, A man schal rejoyce with hem 
that maken joye, and wepe with such 
folk as wepen. But though attemperel 
wepyng be graunted, outrageous wep- 
ynge certes is defended. 

Chaucer, T. ofMelibeui* 
AttEMPERELLT, 1 , / ^ «rv 

atpempebally, I ^^' (f r^O 
attemprely, I Temperately. 

Man scbulde love his wyf by discres* 
cioun, paciently and atlemperelfy, and 
thanne u sche as it were his snster. 

Chaucer, Pereon&s T, 

Attempre, (1) adJ, (A,-N.) Tem. 
perate. Sometimes written atf 

Sche schulde eek serve him in al 

honest^, and ben attempre of hir array. 

Chancer, Pvrtomu £ 

(2) V, To make temperate. 
Attemptate, *. (^..i>r.) (1) An 


(2) An encroachment or aiMiilU 
Attend, r. {Fr.) To wait« 




of hii greatest friende resolving 
to mttend the receipt of some comfort 
to be seat from him. 

Bowa Carretpondenee, 1683. 

Attbndablb, adf. Attentive. 

Attbndablt, adv. Attentively* 

Attbndeb, ff. One who attends; 
a companion, or comrade. 

Attbnt, ifdj. Attentive. Shaketp. 

Attbntatks, «. pL {Lat attenr 
tata.^ Proceedings In a court of 
judicature, pending suit, and after 
an inhibition ia decreed fjnd 
gone out. 

Attenti<t, adv. Attentively. 

Atter, ». (1 ) i-^^'S. after,) Poison. 

Ofuycli a werm that atter httti\ 
Other it stingeth, otlicr it tereth. 

Cmjf bearers Octavian, p. f7. 

(2) Corrupt matter issuing from 

an ulcer. Attyr fylth. Sanies^ 

Prompt, Paw, Still used in 

this sense in some of the dialects. 

Tlie sore is fall of matter or otter. 
Ulcus est jmrutentuvu 

Hormanni Vutgqrw, si^. 1 6. 

(3) An otter. 

1\ike heare cattes, dogges too, 
Atter and foxe, fiilie, mare alsoe. 

Pheeter Play9/uf\. 

(4) An abbreviation of at their. 

And ase ther not atter sponsynge 

Bery^t asent of liothe. 
Of man, and of ther wymman eke, 

¥n love and nauxt y-lothe. Shorekam. 

(5) prep. After. Nortkampt. 

(6) Attire ; array. 
IITTEBCOPPB, If. (^A,'S, atterrcopr 

ADEBCOP, J pa.) (1) A spider. 
Perhaps it signified originally 
some insect of a more hurtful cha- 
racter; the atter-eoppag figured 
*n MS. Cotton, Vitel., c. iii, dp 
0Ot resen^ble modern spiders, 

Ae wat etestu, tliat thn ne li^e, 
Bute attereoppe tfiU fule vli^e? 

Hule and IfygUingaU, I 600. 

And though there be no gret venemons 
beestes in that londe, yet ben tliere 
•ttercoppes venomous that ben called 
•palaugia in tliat londe. 

Trmta'f PoUcirm., f. S3. I 

In the towne of Schrowysbury, setaa 
thre men togedur, and as they seton 
talkyng, an attureoppe com owte of the 
WOW], and bote hem by the nekkus alio 
thre. Fref. to Bob. de Bruttme, p. ec 

A spider's meb. North. 
A peevish, ill-natured person. 

Attbblothb, ff. {J,'S,) Night« 
shade. Explained by moreVia in 
list of plants in MS. Harl., 978. 

Atterlt, adv. Utterly. Skinner. 

Attermitk, ff. An ill-natured per- 
son. North. 

Attern, adj, (from A.'S, at tern.) 
Fierce, snarling, ill-natured, cruel. 

Atterb, v. {Ft. atterrer.) 

Knowing this that your renown alone 
(As th' adamant, and as the amber drawes: 
That, hardest steel; this, easie-yeelding 

4tterrs the stubbom,and attracts.the prone. 
Sylvesters Soim. to E. ofEssex^ p. 74. 

Atterratb, ff. {Jjtt^ To become 

Atterration, ff. (Za/.) An old 
word for alluvial ground on the 

Atterino, ad}. Venomous. 

ATTERY,ja4f*. Purulent. Eazt. Iras- 
cible ; choleric. Weet. See Attry. 

Attest, ff. Attestation ; testimony. 

Attetnant, adj. Appertaining; 

Atteynt, part, p, {A.-N.) Con- 

Attice, ff. An adze. Somerset, 

Attiguous, a<{f. {Lat.) Very near ; 
close by^ 

Attincture, ff. (A.'N,) Attainder. 

Attinoe, v. (Lot,) To touch lightly 
or gently. 

Attires, ff. The horns of a stag, 

Attise, p. To entice. 

Servanntes, avoyde the company 
Of them that playe at cardes or dyse; 

For yf that ye them haunte, trueiy 
To thefte shall they you sooiie attyu. 

Ahc. Poetical Tracts, p. II 

Attitlb, 9. To entitle ; to name. 




"Attlk. 9. Rubbish, refuse o^ stony 
matter. A mining term. 

Attom'd, adj. Filled with small 
particles ; thick. Drayton* 

Attone, adv. Altogether. 

And his fresh blood did frieze with fearfull 

That ail bis senses seem'd bereft attone. 

Spens., F. Q., II, i, 42. 

Attones, ladv. Once for all ; at 

ATTONCB, j once. 

And all attonee her beastly body rais*d 
With double forces high above the leronnd. 


And thenne they alyght sodenly, and 
•ette their handes upon hym all attones, 
and toke hvm prysoner, and soo ledde 
hym unto the caatel. 

Mortg d* Arthur, U SI 9. 

Attorne, or Atturne, v. {A.^N.) 

To perform service. 

They plainly told him that they would 
not attunu to him, nor be under his 
Jurisdiction. HoUngsh., Rich. JI, 481. 

Attornet, «. {A.'N.) A deputy ; 
one who does service for another. 

Attour, (1) ff. {A.'N.) A bead- 

■2) prep. {A.-N. entour.) Around. 
^3) prep. Besides. Hence the 
Scottish phrase, by and attour, 

Attourme, V, To return. 

Attournement, b, (A.'N.) A 

yielding of a tenant unto a new 

lord. Mimheu. A law term. 

Wheruppon dyverse tenauntes have 

•penly tUtorued unto the kynges grace. 

Monastic Letters, p. 88. 

Attract, «. An attraction. 

For then their late attracts decline^ 
And turn as eager as prick'd wine. 

Hudibras, III, i, 695. 

Attrait8,«.j9^ FUttery. Skhmer. 
Attrape, v. (Fr.) To entrap. 

And lying andplacinethothervj o. men 
in a secret place nygh in the mydd way 
betwen Warke and the sayd towne of 
Hyllerstayenes, aswell for the releyse 
of the said wawcuriores, as to attrape 
the enemyes, yf they unadvisedly wcdd 
Dorsewe or come to the said fyer or fray. 
MS. Cotl., Catig., B v. f. 83 A 

And he that hath hvd a snare to mttraip 
aa other with, hath hvm self e ben taken 
IMm tmi fJtiAclu JMtwtrti 


Attrectation, s. {Lat.) FreqBent 

Attribution, s. Commendation. 

Shakesp.t 1 Henry /K, iv, 1, 
Attrid, part, p. Poisoned. 
Attried, part. p. Tried. 
Attrite, adj. {Lat.) Worn. 
Attrition, 9. {Lat.) Grief for sin, 

arising only from the fear of 


He, the whyclie hath not playne con- 
trvcyon, but all oiiely attrycyon, the 
wiiyrhe is a nianer of contrycyon un- 
parfyte and unsuffycyent for to have 
the grace of God. 
Institution, of a Christian Man, p. 168. 

Attrokien, tr. {A,-S,) To fail; 

to weary. 
Attrt, adj. {A.'S.) Venomoiis; 

poisonous ; filthy. 

And gttlcheth al ut somed thet theo/M 
heorte sent up to the tunge. 

MS. Cott., Nero, A xiv, f. 21. 

Thanne cometh of ire sUtry angor, 
whan a man is scliarply amonested in 
his schrifte to forlete synne, thanne 
wol he be angry, and answere hokerly 
and angrily, to defendeu or excusen his 
synne by unstedefastnesse of liisfleisch. 
Chaucer, Persones T, 

Attween, prep. Between. Far, 

Atunderx, adv, (A,'S,) In sub- 

Atvore, adv, {A,'S. ettforan,) Be* 
fore. Rob. Gloue, 

Atwain, adv. In two ; asunder. 

Atwaped, j9ar/. j9. {A.-S.) Escaped. 

What wylde so at-teaped wy^es that 
schotten. Syr Oawayne, p. 44. 

Atwbe, adv. In two. North, 
Atwbel, adv. Very well. North, 
Atween, prep. Between. Far, 

ATWEKD^t V. {A.'S. eBtwindan,) To 

turn away from ; to escape. 

Heo mai hire gult atwende, 

A lihte weie, tburth chirclie bende. 

MuU and Nyghting., L 141S. 

Atwin, ad9. Asunder; in two. 
Chaucer, The word occon is 
this sense in Bider'i IHetionari$f 




1640, and according to Moor, U 

still used in Suffolk. 
Atwinne, 9. {J,'S.) To part 

^TwncHB, tr. (J.'S.) To work 

against ; to do evil work to. 

Al that trowe on Jliesu Crist, 
Thai fond atmrche ful wo. 

Sejfnt Meryrete, p. 108. 

Atwibt, (1) t. Disagreement. 


{2) part, p. Twisted. SomergeL 
Atwist, pret, t, {J.-S.) Knew. 

Also, part, p., known. 

Another dai Clarice arist, 
And Blauncheflonr at«ist 
Whi hi made to lonee demoere. 
Hartshome's Met. Talet, p. 105. 

Atwxtb, V. (A.'S. atwitan, to re- 
proach.) To twit ; to upbraid. 

That eni man beo ftdle in odwite^ 
Wi schal he me his vxtatmtef 

Hule and Nygktiug., 1. 1323. 

nils word dude much sorwe this sell olde 

lUat atwytede hvm and ys stat, that he 

nadde hym self nothing. 

Jioi. qf&20NC.,p. 88. 

He was wroth, Te schul here wite^ 
For Merlin hadae him atwite. 

Arthtmr and MerUn, p. 841. 

prep. Between. 

'• 1 

EN. J 



ATuo, I adv. (J.'S. on ttea, on 
ATWAE, ytwageti) Intwo;a8un* 
ATWATN, I der. 


Atwot, pret, t, ofatwitt. Twitted ; 

At-tance, adv. At once. North. 
/Ittme, adv. On a time. 
\tyb, «. Attire. 
\u, adj. All. North. 
Vubade, 9. (Fr.) A serenade. 
VuBBROE, 9. (Fr.) An inn. 
VnBETEOi, 9. One of the male sex 
at the age when verging upon 
manhood. A hobbledehoy. GloU' 

AucHT, is used in the dialect of EasI 
Anglia as the preterite of the verb 
to owe. 

AucTBi t. (^.-5. ahte.) Property. 

To-morwen shal maken the fre, 
And aucte the yeven, and riche make. 


AucTTVRt ae^. (Lat.) Of an increase 
ing quality. 

AucTORiT^, 9. {Lat.) A text of 
Scripture, or of some writer ac- 
knowledged as authority. 

AucTOUB, 9. {A.-N.) An author. 

AucoPATiON, 9. {Lat.) Fowling; 
hunting after anything. 

AuD, adj. Old. Var, dial. 

Says t' eatd man tit oak tree, 
Young and lusty was I when I kenn'd thee. 

Nunery Bhywte, 

Audacious, atff. (A.'N.) Bold; 

AuD-vAKAND, a<{f. (A.'S.) A term 
applied to forward children, who 
imitate the manners of elderly 
people. North. See AvJtdfar^d. 

AuDiENCEi 9. A hearing. Chaucer, 

Audition, 9. (Lat.) Hearing. 

Auditive, a^. (Fr. audifif.) Hav- 
ing the power of hearing. 

AuD-PEO, ff. An inferior cheese, 
made of skimmed milk. North. 

AuDRiB. "Seynt Audries laoe» 
cordon." Palsgrave. See Awdrie, 

AuEN, adj. Own. 

AuFF,«. An elf. This word occurs 
in A New English Dictionary, 
1691. Skinner explains it, " stuU 
tus, ineptus," a fool. See Avf. 

AuFiN, \s. The bishop at chess. 
AWPiN,/ See A^n. The tract 
De Fetula (published under the 
name of Ovid) gives the following 
Latin or Latinized names of the 

Miles et d^intw, xoccns, rex, viigQ^ ps- 

AuoBNT, ad[^. August; noble. 




AvooB&B, t. An ag;ae. 

A man that is here yhunge and lyglit, 
7ho never lo italvrortlie and whiglit. 
And comly of shape, lovely and fayr, 
Aitggerei and rueUes will soon apayr. 

Hampole, p. 6. 

AuGHEKB, adj. Own. See Aghen. 
Aurr, \pret, i, of owe. (1) Ought. 


Floure of hevene, ladi and quene. 
As sche autt wel to bene. 

MS, Addit., 10036, f. 62. 

(2) Owed. 

(3) 9, Possessions ; property, 

(4) adj. High. Rob, Gloue, 
{bS adj. Eight; the eighth. 

(6) 9, {A.'S, awiht.) Anything; 
at all. 

(7) adv. In any manner ; by any 

He is fol jooonde also dare I leye ; 
Can he auaht tell a niery tale or tweie. 
With which he gladen may this con)pai{;ne? 

Chaucer, C. T., 16065. 

AuoHTANDy adj. The eighth. 
kvQUTWDf pret. t. Cost. 

Bevis did on his acqnetonn. 
That had oMqhted many a town. 

ElUs's Met. Bom., ii, HI. 

AuBTBND. adj. Eighteenth. 

AvoHTENE, adj. The eighth. 

AuGHTS. (1) Any considerable 
quantity. North. 
(2) *. (corrupted from ort9,) Bro- 
ken yictuals; fragments of eat- 
ables. Heref. and Sussex, 

AuoBTWHERE, odv. Anywhere. 

AuoLB, V, To ogle. North. 

AuGKiM, 1 «. Arithmetic. See 
AWGKiM, } Algrim, 

He medleth not mnche with eKugnm to 
se to what summe the nomber of men 
ariseth that is multiplied by an c. 

Sir T. More't JTorks, p. SOO. 

AuoRiM-STONES, 8. Couuters for- 
merly used in arithmetic. 

AuGUKATioN, 9, {Lot.) CoHJectur- 
ing. This word occurs in Aider's 
Dictionaries 1640. 

^uouRious, a^. Predicting. 

AuGUBiNB, ff. A fortnne-teller. 
Augusta, t. A cant term for the 

mistress of a house of ill-fame. 

AuKy "^adf, (1) Angry, ill-natured, 

ACK, J unpropitiou8.Pro»^/.Parv. 

Still used in this sense in the 

North of England. 

(2) Inverted ; confused. The old 
signal of alarm was ringing the 
bells backwards, or, as it was 
often termed, aukward, or ack» 
ward. ** 1 rynge aukewardf je 
Sonne abransle.'' Palsgrave, In 
the East of England, bells are stiH 
'* rung auk,** to give alarm of fire. 

(3) s. A stupid or clumsy person. 

AvKRRT, adj. Awkward. Var.didL 
AuL, s. An alder. Herefordsh. 
AuLD, adj, (1) Old. Var, dial. 

(2) Great. North. 

(3) The first or best, a phrase 
used in games. 

AuLD-ANB, «. The devil. North, 
Auldfar'd, ac^. Old-fashioned; 

Thus vearst in legendary teale, 
This auldfar'd chronicle cud tell 

Tilings that yaen's varra lugs wad geale. 
Of what to this and that befell. 

Stagg't CumberUmd Foems, p. 66. 

AuLD-THRiFT, s. Wealth aceumu- 
lated by the successive frugality 
of ancestors. North, 

AuLEN, adj. Of alder. Herefordsh. 

AuLN, 8, (Fr,) A French measure 
of 5 ft. 7 in. ; an ell. 

AuM, s, (1) An aim. Palsgrave. 

(2) The elm tree. Northumb. 

(3) AUum. North. 

(4) A Dutch measure for liquids. 
AuMA, ff. A sort of pancake. Here* 

AuMAYL, (1) ff. {A,'N,) EnameU 

As erowe grene as the gres. 
And grener hit semed 
Then grene aumayl on golde. 

Gatoayn ^ the Or. Kn,, 1. 429. 

(2) V. To variegate ; to figure. 
Aumatl'd, adj. Enamelled or em* 




lb\ {tfldcn >>t)9ldhs of cdslly corcl^^yne 
All i>aid with |sulileu beiides, wbicli were 

With curious antickea, and full fayre ait- 

mayVd. Spma,, F. ^., II, iii, 27. 

AuMAisT, ad^. Almost, Nwtk. 
AuitB, 9. Alms distributed to the 

poor at Christmas were formerly 

so called in Devon. 
AuM BB, 8. A measure of lime, con- 

taining three bushels. Norfolk 

Records J earlier part oflSih cent* 
AuMBBs-AS. See Ambet'-su. 
AuMBLE, 8. An ambling pace. 
AuMBBE-STONE, «. Amber. Pal*' 


AuMELET* s. Ab omelet. Skinner, 

Thau of his ammener he drough 
A little keie fetise i-nough. 

Bom. of the Bote, 3087. 
Were stidghte giovis with aumere 
Of silke, aud alway with gode chere. 

/*., 2271. 

AuMRNERB, 9, An almoBcr. 

AuM ER, V. {A.-N,) To shadow ; to 
cast a shadow over. Yorksh, 

AuMKRD, 9. {A,-N.) A shadow. 

AuMONE, 9, {A.'N.) Alms. 

AuMODS, 9, Quantity. When a 
labourer has filled a cart with 
manure, corn, &c., he will say 
to the carter, " Haven't ya got 
vour aumou9,** Line, 

AuMPEROUR, 9. An emperor. 

XuuPH,adv. Awry; aslant. Shrop9h, 

AuMRS, 9, A cupboard. North, 

AuMRY-soAL, 9, A holc at the 
bottom of the cupboard. A word 
formerly used in Yorkshire, 

AuMS-ASE. See Arhbe9-a9. 

AuNCEL, 9 A sort of scale or ma- 
chine for weighing, prohibited by 
statute on account of its uncer- 
tainty. "Awncell weight as I 

have been informed, is a kind of 
weight with scales hanging, or 
hooks fastened at each end of a 
staff, which a man lifteth up upon 
his forefinger or hand, and so 
discemeth the equality or diffe- 
rence between the weight and 
the thing weighed.'' Cowell, In- 
terpreter, 1658. In Piers PI. we 
find auneer, 

Ae the pound that she paied by 
Peised a qnalron moore 
Than myu owene auneer. 
Who so w^ed truthe. 

Pien PI., p. 90. 

AuNCESTREL, 9, (A.'N.) A homage 
which is rendered from genera- 
tion to generation. 

AuNCETRE,«. (A.-N) An ancestor. 
Skelton has auncetry for aneeetry, 

AuNciAN, adj {A,'N.) Ancient. 

Tlie olde amieian wyf 
He^est ho 8ytte5. 
Gateayn jr'the Gr. £•., 1. 1806. 

Auncibnt£, 1 . a «*:^„s*„ 
AUNCiENTiE,}'- ^utiquity. 

Xvv'd, part, p. Fated. Northumb^ 
Supposed to be derived from 
the Islandis anda9, to die. 

AuNDER, 9, Afternoon; evening. 
Apparently the same as undem. 
Cotgrave uses aunder9'meat to 
signify an afternoou's refresh- 

AuNDYRN, 9, See Andiron. 

Aunt, 9. (1) A cant term for a 
woman of bad character, either 
prostitute or procuress. Often 
i)s(ed by Shakespeare. 

To call you one o' mine aunt*, sister, 
were as good as to call you arrant wliore. 

O. P., iii, 260. 

And was it not then better bestowed 
upon his unde, than npon one of Iiia 
aunts? I need not say bawd, for every 
one knows what aunt stands for in the 
last translation. 
MiddloUm't Trick to catch the Old One, ii. 1. 

It still exists in this sense in 
Newcastle, as we learn fiom 



(2) The costomary appellation » 
addressed by a jester or fool» to 
a female of matronly appearance ; 
as uncle was to a man. 

AuNTE, adv, {J.'N.) Together. 

Heo gcderede up here atmte here c»t aboute 

And" dSitruyde hire londcs cyther im Wt 

AtJNTBLVRB, f. An antler. 

AuNTBR8,\*.p/. Needless scru- 
ANTBR8, J pies } mischances. Ray 
iMntions it as a Northern pro- 
vinciallsra, used in the «"* /« 
these senses ; as» " he is troubled 
with a\Mt€r$." 

Tho thti kynga hadde go aboute in such 

IX the laite he eom to Cano, there ye 

He?{lwed?*withoute the toane, end in 

wel grote fere, a^*.« .afA* 

fle lende the quene yi J"5*"^'^®'SJ» 

wttche yi enlrw were. Roh. Qhuc, p. 86. 
lie dmg tliy hams out, thou base mukky 


A««MN<Nr«. forthe 

*ad9, PerohRQce, 

9o I leld. •»Mii««#f whwane my eneniys 
U to llMoovM me. „. ^ ^^ 

7^ d9 flisMiKcr, to put m 

Thy love yoh abbe'wel dere aljott, aad luy 

AvNTBR, 1 ^^ To tenturej to 
AUNTRi. Kaurd, 

llur lyvt»| hatt eiM*l«redi 
Kndured lor her druif 

AwNTBR. (^,-NO (I) •» An adfen. 
4ttr«}ahan«orohaaoo. /»«ii»/«% 
teXear, AiirlA 


Forthi an «««/<r in erde 
Irttletoehawe. _ - . , g. 

I conlure the neverthelese be God wd 
U.T?orey. that thou take it unto none 
Tdvotis in anntyr that they by tlicr 

that i. yev%n unto the cov^enn^jro^ 

(2)*. An altar. Probably a mere 

clerical error. 

Be-forn hie «««<«• he knelyd adoun. 

Smgt and Carols, st. xi. 

AuNTBROUS,! arfj. Bold; daring; 
AUNTROSB, Udventurous; for- 
AUNTRU8, Jmidable;soraetunea, 


1 wot, Sir, ye are wight. 
And a wegh nobille, 
Junlerous in armee, 
Destruetum of Troy, MS., f. 10 f 

AUKTBRS, «dr. Perad'cnture; in 

casethat; lest; probably. North. 

AuNTBRSOMB, mdj. Bold ; daring. 

AuNTRB, «<to. On the contrary ; 
on the other hand. 
Auntre, they swore hym hool oth 
To be hys men that wer thwre. 

JK. Coer de LUm, 5o7». 

AtJNTRBOUSLicHB, odv. Boldly •, 
Al MuUrwusUcke ther he comcn wee. 

fliy <l^ Wantnke, p. 83. 

Aunty. (1) a«. FrUky and fresh, 

generally applied to horses. Lete. 


(2) *. An aunt. Ver. atal, 
Au-ouT, adv. Entirely, ^^f'*- ., . 
AVF, (I) •. A wayward child. 

NttrtK Pronounced avpe in 


(2)lM^. Up. f»W#. 
AuFYrarf;. Apcish;s«iUtivc; pert 

AuR, coiV' Or. 
AuRATB, t. A sort of pear. 
AuRBi »r«p. Over. 
AurST-*-. (^'.) 0) Golden, 


(2) Goodi excellent. 




AvnE'Hivr, preit. Overtook. 

He prekat onte ^restely. 
Ana aurc'kiet him radly. 

BokaotC* Met. Ium.t p. 68. 

AvRiriEB, pmri, p. {Lot.) Made 
pure as gold. 

AuRiGATioN, 9, (Lat.) The prac- 
tice of driyiiig carriages. 

AuRRUST, ff. Harvest. Wore. 

AvBAKLSf pron. Ourselves. Norih. 

AuRUM-MULicuM, 9. A Compo- 
sition mentioned in some early 
documents relating to the arts. 

AuRUM-voTABiLB, ff. A mediclnc 
said to have possessed great 

And then the golden oyls called mmm- 

A medieine most mervekmi to preserve 

mans health. 

. JskmoUTs Tkmt. Ckem., p. 422. 

AusB, (1) 9, (J.'N.) To try ; to 

promise favorably. See JuaL 

(2) coiy. Also. 
AusiERy «. An osier. S^f^olk, 
AusNET, o. To anticipate bad news. 

Auspicate, adj, {Lai.) Auspicious. 
Auspicious, adj. Joyful. 
AusT, tr. To attempt; to dare. 

Leie, and Warw, Also used as 

a substantive. 

*Z;r;;.}-«- stem, u.^ 

Bat who is yond, tfaoa ladye faire. 
That looketa witJi nc an atuteme fanot^ 
Ferey*M Beliquctt p. 75. 
To ansaere the alyenea 
Wyth Muterttne wordea. 

Morii Jrtkure. 

AvsTRiDGBy ff. {A,'N,) An ostrich. 
ikjytt (\) pret, p. Ought. 

(2) adv. Oat. North. 

(3) AU the. North, 

AuTEM, ff. A church, in the cant- 
ing language. Autent'inort, a 
married woman; autem-dmers, 
pickpockets who practise in 
churches, &c. 
AuTENTiCKB, odj. Authentic, 
AuTRNTiauALL, tUff* Autheutifl, 

AuTBOSE, ff. The name of a flower. 

The flowre is of a gode lose, 
niat men calleth anteose. 

AuTER,ff. An altar. 

He lies at Wynchestre, beside an emtere, 

Lttngtaft, p. 20. 

Authentic, adf., *' seems to have 

been the proper epithet for a 

physician regularly bred or li 

censed. The diploma of a licenti. 

ate runs authentic^ Hcentiatua.** 

To be relinquished of Galen and Para- 

And all the learned and authentic fellows. 
Shakeep., AWt W. that Ends W., ii, 8. 

Or any other nutriment that by the 
judgment of the most authenUcal phY- 
sicians, where I travel, shall be thought 

Jonaont Bpery Mem out cfH,, iv, 4. 

AuTHBR, adj. Either. 

AuTOLOOT, ff. {Gr.) A soliloquy. 

Automedon, ff. The charioteer of 
Achilles; hence the early drama- 
tists applied the nalne generally 
to a coachman. 

Autonomy, ff. {Gr.) Liberty to 
live after one's own laws. This 
word occurs in Cockeram's Eng- 
lUh Dictionaries 16i39. 

Autopon! tft/fff^*. Out upon! 

AuTORiTY, ff. Authority. North, 

AuTouR, "Iff. {A,'N.) (1) An au- 
AUCTOUR, J thor. 
(2) An ancestor. 

AuTREMiTB, ff. Explained by 
Skinner, another attire. Tyrwhitt 
reads vitremite. 

And she that helmid was in starke itouris, 
And wan by force tounis strong and touns. 
Shall on her hedde now weiin autreaiiie. 
ChauteTt e4* Vrtyt P' 1 

AuTUROT, ff. {Gr* a^ovpyia.) 
Work done by one's self; the 
work of one's own hand. 

AuTB, ff. The helve or handle of 
an axe. Shropth, 

AuviSRDRQ,v. To overthrow. Wesi^ 

AuTBR«iT,fp, To overtake. JFeit^ 




AwBftLooK, 9. To cnrerlook 5 to 
look upon wilb the evil eye ; to 
bewitch. We*t, 

AuvERRiGHT. Across. A West 
Country word. 

Iz vather in a little oat 
liv'd, auverrigJU tha mow, 

An thaw a kipt a viock'o'' geese, 
A war a thoughted poor.^ DiaUct*, p.. 109. 

AuviSE, *. Counsel; adviee. For 

AuwARDS» ff<fe. Awkward ; athwart. 
North. Sheep are said ta be 
auwardsj when they lie backward 
so as to be unable to rise. 

Ava', adv. At all. North. 

AvACH, v. To avouch. Beds, 

Ava OS, s. A rent or duty wMcb 
every tenant of the manor of 
Writtel, in Essex, paid to the 
lord on St. Leonard's day, for the 
liberty of feeding his hogs in the 
woods. Phillips. 

Ayail, «. (A.'N.) Value; profit; 
advantage; produce. 

The avail of the marrii^e cannot be 
craved but at the perfect yeares of tbe 
apparent lieir, because he cannot pay 
the avail, but by giving lecnrity of his 
landes. Hope's Minor Fraetickt, 48. 

Quoth he, "Fayre maye, yet I you pray. 

Thus much at my desyer 
Vouchsafe to doo, as goe him too^ 

And saye, an Austen fryar 
Woulde with him speake, aind maters 
For his avayle certaine." 

J Mery Jest qfa Sergftmnf. 
Howe'er, I charge thee. 
As heaven shall work in me for thine onttL 
To tell me truly. 

Shakesp., AWs W. that Ends JF, i, 8. 

AvAiTB, V. {A.^N.) To watch. 

Tlie which ordeynede for a law, that 
what tyrae there was any fyre in ttiat 
cit6, there shulde be a bidelle y-or 
deined for to avaite hit, and to make an 
highe proclamacioue in the cit^. 

Gesta Bom., p. 52. 

Ayalb, "I t>. {A.~N.avaler.) (1) To 
AY AIL, J descend ; to fall down; 
to sink. 

And often it halhe befallen, that snmliia 
of the Jewes han aron up tlie nioun- 
taynes. and ataUd down to the valeyes • 
but gret nombre of folk ne may not do 
■®* MaundcviU, p. 266. 

But when they came in sight, 

And from their sweaty coursers did inale. 
Speus., F. q., II, ix, >0. 

(2) To lower; to let down. 
Sometimes abridged to vale, as in 
the phrase " to vale the bounet/' 
to lower the bonset, or take o9t 
the hat. 

He wold OMtte nowther ho«a ne hat, 
Ne abyde no man for his curtesye. 

Chaucer, C. 21, 3124. 

(3) To assault. Skinner. 
AvAv.adj. Filthy; squalid, Nortf^ 

Ayancb, (^.-iV:)(l>fr. Toadvance; 
to profit. See Avaunce. 
(2) *. Advancement. 
Avancb,"!*. {A.-N.) The herb 
AVAN8, Wiarefooty which was 
AYENs, J formerly much used in 

Cbstmarie and aveas are rerfe plea«airt 
hearbes to give a savour like spice in 
pottajre and sakacb. 

Markham, Countrie Forme, ed. 161$ 

Ayancement, *. Advancement. 

Ayano, *. A strap, or stay to 
which tbe girt is buckled; a 
whang ; the iron strap under the 
lap of the saddle to which tbe 
stirrup-leather is fastened. Devon, 

Ayansb, v. To escape from. 

For any cas that may betyde, 
Scholl non therof avnnse. 

CohooWe Daunce, 166. 

AyANTAGB, ». Advantage. 
Ayant-cubribrs, 8. pi. Winds 

from (he east, so named by the 


Etesii, windes blowing very stiffely for 
fortie dales togetlier from the east, just 
about the dogdaies^ called of mariners 
the avant-eurriers. lUrio. 

Ayanters, *. pi Portions of the 
nunibles of a deer, near the neck. 

Ayantmurb, *. (Fr.) The fore- 
wall of a town. 




AvANT-VBACfl, Au early kind of 

AvANTWARDE, *. (A.-N^ The van- 
ward of an army. 

AvARDE, adj. Afraid. 

AvARous, adj, (Lat,) Avaricious. 

For it bireveth him the love that men 
to him owen, and tumith it bakward 
agnyns al resouii, and jakith that the 
avarous roan hath more hope in hU 

catel than in JhesuCrist And ther- 

fore saith seint Poule, ad Ephes. tliat 
an onerous nan is in the tliraldom of 
ydolatiie. CJkaueer, Fmrtones T. 

AvarouaeTf more avaridous. 

Are no men avarouser than hii. 
Whan thei ben avHunced. 

Fier^ FUmghman^ p. 26. 

Avast, intefj. A sea term, mean- 
ing stop, hold, enough, 
AvAUNCB, r. {A..N.) To advance. 
On Fihj) Valas fiist cri thai, 
Thare for to dwell and him aoauuce. 
Minofs Foems, p. 4. 
And as the world liath sent yon thes three. 
So he sendih me, Woorshypp, to amnenee 
your degr^. 

Flay of Wit and Science, p. 84. 

AvAiTNCERs, *. {A,^N.) The horns 
of a buck. 

Two braunches fyrste pawmyd he must 

And foure atauncertV^t soih yf ye woU 


Book cfSt.Alheou, ed. 1810, si;. » IL 

AvAUNCY, V, To advance; to 

AvAUNT, (1) 9, (A,-N:) To brag; 

to boast. 

And hj the way he channced to espy 
One sitting idle on a sunny bank. 
To whom aoaunting in great bravery. 

Sp^nter» I. fi., II, iii, 6. 
(2) a, A boast. 
{^)prfip. Before. 

The morow came, and forth rid this 

To Flaunders ward, his prentis him 

Till he to Bruges came full merily. 

Chaucer, ed. Uny, p. 140. 

(4) adv. Forward. 

^d with that worde came Drede otiatm/, 
Whiche was abashed and in grete fere. 

Mom. ^ the Sote, 8968. 

(h) 9. Dismissal. *' To give her 
the avaunt:' Henry VIII, ii, 3. 

AvAUNTANCE, 9. Boastlng. 

AvAUNTLAY, *. {A.-N.) In the an- 
cient system of hunting, one or 
two couples of hounds were sent 
with a man to several points 
where the game was expected to 
pass. On the approach of the 
deer, these hounds were uncou- 
pled. The term relay was applied 
to any of these sets of hounds ; 
but those which, when a hart was 
uuharboured, were a-head of 
him, were the avauntrelayt or, 
more usually, avauntlay. 

AvAUNTOua, #. A boaster. 

Jvauntour, is he that bosteth of the harm 
or of tiie bounty that he hath don. 

Chaucer, Fersones T, 

AVAUNTRIE, 1 r» ^. 

AVAUNTARYE,;'- Bo"*^"?' 

Ave, (1) ». To have. Avedy he had. 

Aveden, they had. This form is 

of constant occurrence in eaiiy 


(2) 9. Evening. For eve. 

The kin«: ther stode with his mein€ 
On a pafmesonnes one. 

Arth<mr and Merlin, p. 200. 

AvEARD, adj. Afraid. We9L 

AvBAUNT, adj. Graceful ; becom- 

AvE-BLOT, 9. A reckoning ; a pay- 
ment. Mifuheu. 

AvE-BooRDs, *, **Aube9, the short 
boords which are set into th' 
outside of a water-mills wheele ; 
we call them ladies, or ave* 
boord9." Cotgrave. 

AvEER, 9. Property. See Aver, 

AvETsg, a^^'. Careful; wary. For 

AvBL, (1) 9. The awn or beard of 
barley. Norf. and Suff. 
(2) V. {Lot. avello) To (ear away. 

AvELONO, adj. Elliptical; oval; 
oblong. "Avehny, oblongus." 
Prompt, P. It is still used in 
$u0blki according to Moor, who 




tajs that "workmen — ^reapers or 
mowers — approaching the aide 
of a ^eld not perpendicular or 
parallel to their line of work, 
will have an unequal portion to 
do, — ^the excess or defldcncy ia 
called aveUonff work." 

Ayklt, adj. Com is said to be 
avely when a portion of the awns 
adhere to the grains, after it is 
dressed for the market. Ea»L 

AvBN, 9. Promise; appearance. 

Atenaob, f. {J.'N.) Tribute, or 
homage, consisting of oats, paid 
to the lord of the manor* 

Atvnamt, (1) 8, {J»'N.) Agree- 
ment; condition. 

(2) adj, (J.'N.) Becoming; 

graceful; agreeable. 

Madame, aho aoid, had we that loiygkt, 

That ea ao CQTtais and omum/. 

TwaiHt mmd Gawm, L 8885. 

(3) adj. Accomplished; able; 

Ko dosyper nas so ateiuttmt 
To stonde hya strok. 

OclovtM. 923. 

Aybnaktli, \edv, Suit- 

ATENAVNTLiCHB, J ably; well; 


Armed at aHe pointea 
And av^nantK noreed. 

mU. mmd ike Werw., p. ISS. 

Of erbea, and of erberi, ao mgenmuUKcks 
i-dihL FisHU of Susan, at. 1. 

Atemce, f. (J.'N,) The feast of 

AvBNX, (1) a. An ear of com. Pr. 

(2) adv. In the evening. Per- 
haps a misprint for an-eve. 

Hi anl him- and elde folow. 
Both ateme and eke a-morv. 

Xetiq. AtUiq^ i^lU. 

Atbno, preL U of wongty for 

afon(fe, {J.-S.) Took; received. 

He oMeng dethea wonnde, and wonder nas 
3rt none. Xoi. €floiie^ p. 828. 

Avenimbd, part. p. Envenomed. 

AvENOR, a. {A.'N.) The person 

who, in the hoasehold of the 
king, and of great barona, had 
the care of the provender for the 
horses. His duties are described 
in the Book of Cortasye as fol- 
The ai$eyner achaOe ord^ja pravaoide gooi 

For Uio lordTa horaia ererychon ; 
Thay aehyn have two caat of hay, 
A pek of proTande on a day } 
Xvery horae achaUe ao mnehe have 
At racke and manger that aiandea with 

A maystor of honya a Bqaver ther la, 
Aneyner and fcrour undnr hym i-wy». 
Thoae tomen that olde aadek ackvA hsae^ 
That scbyn be laat for kny^ and knave, 
fm yche a bora thai ferrunre achalle adK^ 
An halpeny on day he takea hym to: 
Undnr Den gromea and pa^ea monyone. 
That ben at wage everychone; 
Som at two pons on a day. 
And aom at liji. oh. 1 50Q say; 
Mony of hem fotemen ther ben, 
Thad rennen by the biydela of biiya scheiML 

Atens, 9. The plant herb benet. 

Atensono, a. Evening;. 

Ayent, tntery. Avaunt ! 

AvENTAiLE, 8. {A.-N.) The move- 
able front to a helmet, but some- 
times applied generally to the 
whole front of the helmet. 

AvENTE, tr. {A.'N.) To open the 

aventaile for the purpose of 

breathing; to admit air to. 

And let hym bayte hym on the gronnd; 
And rnfoUid hym in that atound. 

Torrtmi of Forlugah i, 1567- 

AvENTBi&s, a. Chance. See Ai/h- 

Atentour, (1) 9. To venture. Sec 


(2) a. An adventurer. 
AvENTRE, V. (JtaL) To throw » 


Thenne this one knyjrht netUryi • 
grete spere, and one of the x. knyghtes 
encountred with hym, bat this woful 
knyght amote hym ao hard that he fello 
Qiver hia bora layUe. 

MoHe ^Artkwr, i, 177. 

AvENTROUS, a. An adventurer. 

As dooth an heniud of armea 
Whan 9»entTomi cometh to jnstes. 

IWf Pf ., p. STQk 




AVKNTt7RB> (1) ff. Accident cansing 
death. A law term. It is the 
generic term for chance in early 
writers. See Aunttr, 
(2) adt. Perchance. See Aunter, 

AvENTURLT, adv. Boldly. 

Ayer, *. {/i.'N,) (1) A man's per- 
sonal property. 

(2) 8, A work-horse, or othei 
beast employed in farming. 

(3) adj, (conjectured to be the Ice- 
landic a/^r.) Peevish. Nwthumb^ 

Avx&AOE, 1 *. (Aj-N.) Manley, 
AVERisH, Jin his additions to 
Cowell, says that in the North 
of England this word is used for 
the stubble or remainder of 
straw and grass left in corn- 
fields after the harvest is carried 
in. Boucher gives it as a York- 
shire word, meaning a course of 
ploughing in rotation. Carr ex- 
plains it " winter eatage.'' 

AvER-CAKE, 8. An oat-cako. 

AvBRCORN, *. (1) Corn drawn to 
the granary of the lord of the 
manor by the working cattle, or 
ave^t of the tenants. 
(2) A reserved rent in corn, 
paid by farmers and tenants to 
religious houses. 

AvERE, «. Property. See Aver. 

AvERiL, *. (^.-M) April. A North 
Country word. See the Popular 
RhymeSy ^c, of Scotland, by R. 
Chambers, 8vo, Edinb., 1842, 
p. 39, where the same form of 
the word occurs in a rhyme 
popular in Stirlingshire. It is 
also an archaism. 

Jveril is meory, and longith the day; 
Ladies loven solas and play : 
Swnynes.justes; knyghtw, tnmay; 
Syngith the nyghtyngale, eredeih theo jay. 

K. JUsaundcr, 1. 1S9. 

AvERiNO, 8. "When a begging 
boy strips himself and goes 
naked into a town with a fals. 
story of being cold, and stript, 
to move compassion and get 

better cloaths, this is caU'd 

averitiff, and to goe a averingJ' 

Kenneti, MS. Latud. 

AvERisH, t. The stubble and grass 

left in corn fields after harvest. 

North, See Average, 

In these monthes after the cornne bee 
innede, it is meete to putt draughte 
hoTssea and oxen into the a»erish, and 
so loniige to continue there as the 
meate sufficeth, which will ease the 
other pastures they went in before. 

Arclueo^ogia, xiii, 87». 

AvERtAND, *. Land ploughed by 
the tenants, with their cattle, or 
avers, for the use of a monastery, 
or of the lord of the soil. Cowell. 

AvEROus, adf. Avaricious. Wick- 
liife renders Prov. i, 19, ** of the 
averous man that is gredy of 
gain.'' See Avarous, 

AvBROYNE, *. iA,'N,) The herb 

AvERPENT, 8. Average penny. 
This word occurs in Rider's Die- 
tUmarie, 1640. According to 
Cowell, it is money contributed 
towards the king's averages; and 
Bastall gives the same explana- 

Aterrat, v. To aver ; to instruct. 

ATBRRUNCATE,r.(Xa/. averruneo.) 
To root out, or extirpate; to 

AvERRtJNCATioN, *. Extirpation. 

AvERSATioN, *. {Lat.) Aversion, 

great dislike to. 

This almost universal avertation of the 
people had a natural influence upon 
the representative, the Parliament. 

Wilson's James 1, 1658. 

AvERSiLVER, *. A custom or rent 
so called, originating from the 
cattle, or avers, of the tenants. 

AvBRST, adv. At the first. 

AvERTY, adj. {A.-N. avertin.) 
Mad; fiery. 

The respons were redy that Philip did 

tham bexe. 
A knyeht fuUe aterty gaf tham this an* 

tuera. iVIcr Langtqft, p. S60i 




Ai^RY, (1) «. The place of stand- 
iiigr for draught and work-horses. 
This is Boucher's explanation of 
tlie term, which is frequently 
met with in old writers. The 
author of A New EnglUh Die- 
tumaryt 1691, explains it, " the 
place where oats are put for 
horses," which is probably more 
correct, haver being the term 
for oats in the North of England. 
(2) Every. 

AvE-scoT, 9. A reekoning; an 
account. Mituheu* 

AvBT, «. Weight. 

And ys avet more bi six and thritti leed 
punde, tliat beeth to hundred and sex- 
tene wexpnnde. Beliq. jHliq.t i, 70. 

Atbtrol, 9, {J.'N.) A bastard. 

Tliou avetrol, Ihoa fonle wreche. 
Here thou bast tbjn endyng feched I 

K. AUiaunder, 1. 2693. 

Ayetde. Perhaps an error for 


Tuketh and eteth, tliys hiis my body, 
Of BotJ^ he hao) avn/dr. 

William de Shoreham. 

Ayexed, adj. Troubled ; vexed. 

Alio ye must se that she be not avexyd 
nor greyyd with moche noyse, nor wy th 
son^re of men. 
Sook of St. Jlbam, ed. 1810, sig. B iv. 

Ayidulous, adj, {Lat.) Rather 

Ayieu, \ V, To view. " I avewe, 
AVEWB, J I take syght of a thing." 

Ayilb, v. (A.'N, avilir.) To de- 

Ayintaine, adv, {A.-N.) Speedily. 

AviR0UN,prq». {A.'N.) Around. 

Ayis, *. {A.'N.) (1) Advice. 

And right M the sehipmen taken here 
evyt here, and goveme hem be the lode 
■terre, right so don sehipmen be^onde 
the parties, be the sterre of the southe, 
the wliiche sterre apperetlie not to us. 
ManndevAe, ed. 1839, p. 180. 

(2) Opinion. 
Ayise, v. {A,'N.) (1) To observe ; 
to look at. Avisand, observing. 

(2) To consider ; to advise with 

one's self; to inform, or teach. 

Ayis£, part. p. Circumspect. 

Of werre and of bataile he was fulle avisi. 

Langto/l, p. 18a 

Ayiselt, adv. Advisedly. 

Over alle tbinges ye achal do yonra 
dilii;ence to kepe youre persone, and to 
wurmstore youre house; atid seydei 
also, ticit in this yow aughte for tc 
wirche t'ul atynly and with orret delihe 
racioun. Chaucer, T. qfM<Ub€u», 

Ayisemrnt, 9, Advice; counsel. 

AvisiNEssB, 9, Deliberation. 

Ayisioun, ». (A.'N.) A vision. 
This word is of frequent occur- 
rence in Chaucer, Robert of 
Gloucester, and others. 

And onre Lord defended hem that thei 
scholde not telle that aviricun, til that 
be were ryseu from detbe to Ivf. 

MauHdeviU, ed. 183*9, p. 114. 

Ayist, adv, A -fishing. West, 
AviTous, adj, {Lot, avitiu.) Vtrf 

Ayivbs, 9, A disease in horses. 

The horse having drunke much, or 
watered verie quickly after )i)s heat and 
travaile, and upon it growing cold, and 
not being walked, doth beget the atlv s, 
wliich doe but little differ from the 
dise^tse caUed the kiBg*s«eTill, because 
as well in beasts as in man, the king's- 
eviil commeth of too much cooling uf 
water, the throat baring beene heated, 
whereupon the horse looeetli his appb. 
tite to eat, and his rest likewise, and , 
bis eares become cold. 

Markkam, Cotmtrie Fiirme. 

Ayizb. See Avise, 

Ayogate, v. {Lat, avoeo,) To call 
from ; to draw away. 

Avobry, s, (A.-N.) The right 
of the founder of a house of 
religion to the advowson or pa- 
tronage thereof. These patrons 
had, in some instances, the 
sole nomination of the abbot or 
piior, either by direct investi- 
ture, or delivery of a pastoral 
staff; or by immediate piesenta- 
tion to the diocesan ; or if a free 
election were left to the religious 




fbandation, a licf .ice for election 
was first to be obtained from the 
patron, and the election was to 
be confirmed by him. Kenneti, 
Avoid, v. {A*'NJ) To go, depart, 
or retire \ to get out of the way. 

thoa basest thing, moid, hence from niy 
sight. Shakesp., Cym., \, 2. 

Saw not a creature stirring, for all the 
people were avoyded and witbdrawen. 


(2) The word is frequently used 
by old writers, to signify the 
removal of dishes from table. 

JvDoydet tho borde into tho flore, 
Tase away tho trestes tlmt ben so Store. 
Boke of Curiasye, p. 83. 

His office to avoid the tables, in fair 
and decent manner. 

Q. ElizabetVa Progreu. 

(3) s. The act of avoiding. 

And as well the servyse for the king 
for all nij^ht, as the greete avoydes at 
feastes, and the dayly drinkinges be- 
twixt meleS in the kings chuumbre for 
Liher Niger Domus Reg. Edw. IV, p. 87. 

Avoidance, s, {A,'N.) Expulsion ; 

Avoidons, 9, In a general sense, 
the vacancy of a benefice ; but 
in some instances, the profits 
during such a vacancy. 

Avoir, *. {A,'N,) Property. See 

Avoir-de-peisb, 1 «. (.^.-iV.) Ar- 
avoirdbpoise, j tides of mer- 
chandise that are sohi by weight. 
'* It signifieth such merchandise 
as are weighed by this weight, 
and not by Troy weight." CowelL 

AvoKE, V. To revoke; to call 

AvoKKT, $. An advocate. Wyekliffe, 

AvoLATioN, t. {Lat,) A flying 

Only indicate a moist and plnvious air, 
which hinders the avolation of the light 
and fa\nllou8 particles, whereupon they 
settle upon the snast. 

Browne, Vulgar Brrort. 

▲voNOE, tr. To take. See Afonge, 

Atord, r. To afford. West, 

AvoRK, prep. Before. Wesi, 

Avorbward, adv. At first ; before- 
hand. Ro6. Glouc. 

AvoRN, adv. Before him. We$L 

AvORTH, adv. Forward. 

AvoTE, adv. On foot. Rob. Gloue. 

Avouch, '\8.{A.-N.) Proof; 

AVOUCHMENT, j testiiitouy. 

AvouRE, 8. Confession ; acknow* 
ledgment. Spenser. 

AvouRY, 8. (a.'N.) An old law 
term, nearly equivalent to justifi- 

Therfore away with these avouries: let 
God alone be* our avowrye; what have 
we do to runne hether or thetlier, but 
onely to the Father of heaven ? 

Latimer^s Sermons, ed. 1571, f. 84. 

AvouTRER, 8. {A.'N.) An adulterer. 
AvouTRiE, 8. {A.'N.) Adultery. 
AvowABLB, 8. Allowable. This 

word occurs in Rider*8 Diction' 

arict 1640. 
Avow, (1) *. {A.'N.) A vow; an 


Myne 09010 make I. 

BobsoiCe Jiomances, p. 61. 
Tlins he brak his avotoej that he to God had 

suoru. Langtoft, p. 112. 

AvowE, V. {A.'N.) (1) To vow; to 
make a vow. ^'Avowen^ or make 
avowe : Voveo." Prompt. Parv, 
(2) To allow ; to pardon. 

Avow£, 8. {A.'N.) (1) A friend ; 

an advocate. 

And hendely they bysechith the 
That thou beo heore avotce. 

K. Mieaitnder, 1. 8160. 

(2) One who has the right of 
presentation to a benefice. *' He 
to whom the right of advowson 
of any church appertaiiieth, so 
that he may present thereunto 
in his own name." Cowell, 

(3) Patronage. 

Yor thorn am>w4 of him, the sone bigan 
that strif. Bob. Glouc., p. 477. 

And BO indured sir Robert Marmyon 
and Somervyle as eaxnoes of the howys 
alle the tyme of the lyve of William 
the Bastai'de. MuMut. A»gli§, 




AvowBKT, *. (J,'N,) (1) Patron- 
age ; protection. 

(2) Cognizance, badge, distinc- 

AvowsAL, 8, A confession. 

Atowt, *. {A.'N.) A countenance. 

AvowTERT, 9. Adultery. 

AvoY, intetj, {A,-N.) (1) A Qry 
used to call hounds out of cover. 
(2) imp. t. Avoid ; leave ; quit. 

Ayril, s, April. North. See Averil. 

AvnoRBt adj. Frozen. West. 

Ayurn, adj. Slovenly in dress. 

Ayyekmeyl, 9. Oatmeal. Yorksh. 

Ay YE, V. (A.'N.) To show the way. 

Sir Arthnre and Gawayne 
Avyede theme bothene. 

Morte Jrthurt. 

Ayywet, *. A collection of fables, 
so termed from Avienus, whose 
fables were popular in the Middle 
Ages, as from i£sop, an Etopet, 

By the po feet it nnderatande. 
As I have lemed in Avynet. 

Piers PI, p. 943. 

Ayysseth, adv. A-fishing. 

A-day ai he wery was, and a raoddrynge 

hym nome, 
And ys men wery y-wend tmyiseth, seyn 

Cutbert to hym com. Boh. Gloue., p. 264. 

Aw, (I) pron. I. Northumb. 
(2) adv. Yes. Warw. 
J3) adj. All. North. 

(4) adv. All ; totally. Craven. 

(5) pres. t, sing. Owe. 

And sir, sho said, on al wise, 
1 aw the honor and servyse. 

Twaine and Cfawitif I. 720. 

(6) For aw, although. 

I could do naa less ner mack bond to 
esh him intot' house, /or aip it wor au a 
clunter. Craven Dialogues, p. 299. 

(7) Aw outf adv. Entirely. 
Awahte, pret, t. (A.-S. awehte.) 

Await, t.(^.-iV.) Watch; ambush. 
AwAiTE, V. (A.'N.) To watch; to 

attend upon. 


And this tire Urre wold never goo frma 
sire Laiincelot, but he and sir Gavayv 
away ted evermore npon hym, and thej 
were in all the oourte accounted for 
good knyghtet. Morte d^ Arthur, ii, 887. 

AwATTER, s. An attendant; a 

AwAKJD, part. p. Awake. Somerset. 

AwAKTiNa,adj. Deficient to; want- 
ing to. 

Aw APE, \ V. {A.'S. perhaps con- 

- AWHAPE, J nected with too/Son, to 
be astonished or amazed, some- 
times written wapean,Andwqfittn, 
to rave.) To confound; to stu- 
pefy ; to astound. 

Theo noise of heom askaped ; 
Al that ost was awaped. 

K. AUsaunder, 1. 8673. 

Ah my dear gossip, answerd then the ape. 

Deeply do your sad words my wits awhape. 

Spens., Mother Hub. Tale, 7l. 

AwARANTXSE, adv. Assuredly. 
Award, v. To ward off. 
Aware, (1) To be aware, to per- 

As Robin Hood walked the forest along, 

Some pastime for to *spy. 
There he was aware of a jolly shepherd. 

That on the ground did lie. 

Bobtn Hood and the Shepherd. 

(2) V, To prepare, or make room 
for any one. 

So he led him to the chamber of pre- 
sence, and ever and anon cryes out. 
Aware, roome for me and my uncle ! 

Armin's Nest of Ninnies, 1608, 

AwARiE, V, {A.'S. awyrian.) To 


Theves, ye be ded, withouten leainge, 
Awarid worth ye ichon. 

Gtf of Warwike, p. 166l 

AwARN, V. To warn; to forewarn. 

AwARPB, \v. {A.'S. aweorpan.) 

AWEORPE, J To cause to bend; to 

cast down. 

Eld me awarpeth. 
That mi schuldren scharpith, 
And joutlie me hath let. 

^liq. Antiq., ii, 210. 

AwARRANT, V. To warrant; t« 




AwART, adv. Thrown on the back 
and unable to rise. North, 

AwAssfmftpart.p. Washed. 

A-WATBR, adv. On the water. Piers 
PL In the following passage it 
seems to have somewhat the sense 
of at sea. 

But if he had broke his anne as wel as 
his l^ge, when he fell oat of heaven 
into I^mnofl, either Apollo must have 
plaied the bone-setter, or every occupa- 
tion boene layde a-wUer. 

GoswiCt SckooU qf Jhiue, 1579. 

AwAT, t. (1) A way. 

And shall departe his owoytf from thence 
in peace. 
Jeremy t chap. 43, CoverdtU^t FerHott. 

(2) Past. ''This month away." 


Away with, ». To bear with ; to 

endure ; to abide. 

I may not euoaye with youre new moones. 
lioiah, i, 13, CoverdaWs Version. 

She could never amm trith me.,m,$. 

Of all nymphs i* the court I cannot away 
with her. B. Jon, CytUh. Bevels, iv, 5. 

I, but I am an unfortunate ; for I neither 
can give or take jests, neither can atoay 
with strokes. Terence in English, 1641. 

Awat-ooino, ». Departure. 

AwAT-THB-MARE. A popular soug 
of the sixteenth century, fre- 
quently alladed to by writers of 
that period. 

Of no man ho tooke any care, 
But song, heyho, away the mmre. 

The Fryer and the Boy, ed. 1617. 

Away the mare, ^uod Walls, 
I set not a whitinge 
By all their writing. 

Boetowr DoubhU Ale. 

AwATTB, «. A spying. See Await. 

Aw A r WARD, adv. Going away; 

AwBBLL, «. A kind of tree, but in 
consequence of the manner in 
which the word is explained in 
the Prompt. Part., it is difficult 
to state the exact species. **AW' 
bettor ebeltre: Ebenus, viburnus.'' 
It probably means the adele, or 

white poplar, which is called 

ebbel in the Eastern Counties. 
AwBLAST, 8. An arbalest. 
AwcTE, pret. t. Possessed. 
AwD, adj. Old. North. 
AwDRiEs-DAY, 9. St. ^thcldrytba's 

AwB, V. (I) (A.'S.) To be bound 

by duty. / awe, I ought. 

And the archebysschoppe of Cawnter- 
bury, the erle of Essex, the lorde 
Bamesse. and suche other as awyde 
kynre Edwards good wylle, as welie in 
liondone as in othere places, made as 
many menne as thei myghte in strength- 
ynge the seide kynge Edwarde. 

Warkworth*s Chrm. 

(2) To own ; to possess ; to owe. 

(3) 9. {A.'S.) An ewe. 

Awe bleteth after lomb, 
Lhouth after calve en. 

Bi'son*s Ancient Songs, i, 11. 

(4) 9. (A.-S. oga, fear.) Doubt ; 
fear. *^Awe or doute: Dubium, 
Ambiguura.'' Prompt. Part, 

(5) V. To awe ; to make afraid. 
AwBALDE, V. {A.'S.) To govern. 
AwEARiED,par/.p. Wearied; tired. 
AwEBAND, 9. A reprimand ; a check 

upon any one. 

AwECCHB, V. {A.'S. aweecan.) To 


O frere ther wes among, 

Oi here slep hem shulde nweeche. 

Beliq. Antiq., \\, 378. 

AwEDDBy adj. (A.'S. ) Mad. 

Wives ther lay on child bedde, 
Sum ded, and sum awedde. 

0$feo, 1. 862, MS. Awek.. 

AwEDB, V, (A.-S.) To become 


He rod agayn as tyd, 
And Lybeaus so he smyt. 
As man that wold atoede. 

Lyb. DiscGK., 1. 9S7. 

AwEiOHTTE, pret. t. {A.'S.) 


The kyng swoehened for that woimde. 
And hastilich hymself mteightte. 
And the launce out pleightte, 
And lepe on fote with swerd of steel. 
And gan hym were swithe wel. 

K. Alisaunder, (85a 


AwEiNYD./>ar/./?. Weaned. 
AwELDE, 9. (^.-5.) To govern; to 

AwEN, «<&-. (^..5:) Own. 
AwRUDBs, pret. t. pi. Thought. 
AwER, g. An hour. Lane. 
Awesome, adj. (1) Respectful; re- 

specting one another. 

I see they are wise and witty, in due 
place awgome, loviiiK one the other. 

Terence in Bnglish, 1641. 
(2) Appalling; awful. North, 
AWBT, r. {A..S.) To know. 

S** ™«y J^onje vc schall awei 
Yeff Roben Hode be nerhandc 

Robin Hood, i, 93. 
AWEYWARD, larfp. (^..5'.) A. 
AWEYw ARDES, / Way. See Away, 
ward, ^ 

Thoa ve beth al a»eyM>ari, 
That schold her bylcve. 

Wimam, de Shoreham. 

^"blrrs"" ^S?/5i"* ««^'^/'^f«> the white 
weres. »^t//ia« and the Werwdf, p. 79. 

AwF, *. (1) An elf. North, 

(2) An idiot ; a fool. North, 
AwFiN, *. One of the pieces in the 
game of chess. " Awfyn of the 
cheker, alfinus." Pronipt. Parv, 
See A^yn. 

AwFRYKE, *. Africa. 

Awful, adj. (1) Obedient ; under 
due awe of authority. ShaAesp, 
(2) Fearful; fearing. ^ 

AwQHTtpret. t. Ought. 

AwGHTEND, adj\ The eighth. 

Aworym, *. Ariihmetic. See 

. Augrim, 

AwHAPE, V, To confound ; to ren- 
der stupid by fear. See Awape, 

A wild and salvage ni«n : 

I«!i'Il' "** "!^"' •»"' o»ly «k« in shape. 
And eke u stature higher by a span. 
All over-grown with hair that coiid awhapg 
An hiurdy heart Spem.. f. q,, IV? TuT 

AwHARF, adv, (A,^S.) Whirled 
round. I 

And wyth quettyng a^ohatf, er he wolde 
'J^J** Syr Gawayne, p. 82. 

AwHEELS, adv. On wheels. 
AWHERE, ado. Anywhere. 

i<<> AWK 

Per yf my foot woide mwher goo. 

I knowe ynongh of this mattei-. Pani- 
phagus, not thither ^here but riche. 

Aeokutus, 16 io. 
AwHEYNTE, ». To acquaint. 
Awhile, (1) conj. Awhilst. 

(2) V. To have time. Far. dial 
AwHOLE, adv. Whole; entire. 

AwiLLE, ». To will. 
AwiNNE, ». To win ; to gain ; to 
accomplish a purpose. 

Wyth sonithe of hcrtc and schryft of 
mouthe, j*" wi 

I)oth deedbote this tyme nouth. 

Meliq.Jntiq., % 848. 

AwiR6uD,/;«r/./?. (1) Accursed. 

(2) Strangled. 
AwiTE, V. (A.-S.) To accuse. 

Be not to hasty on brede for to bite. 
Of gredynes lest men the wolde awiie. 

SeUii. JHtiq., i, 157. 
AwiTa,pre8, t. of awe. Ought. 

And if the prest sacre Crist wan ho 
blessitli the sacrament of God in tlie 
auter, amih he not to blessith thepeple 
that dredith not to sacre Crist P 

Apology fur the Lollards, p. 80. 

AwKE, adj, (I) Transverse ; cross ; 
oblique. "^w^^,or wrong :Sinis. 
ter." Prompt, P, 

Thcnnc groned that knyght and ad- 
dressyd hym to syre Gawayn, and with 
an aicivr stroke gaf hym a grete wound 
and kytte a vayne. tyng Arthur, i, l48. 

(2) Angry ; ill-natured. " AwJke, 
or angry: Contrarius, bilosus." 
Prompt, P. 

AwKELY, adv. Ill-naturedly. 

AwK-END, *. The end of a rod, 
wand, pr pole, which is not that 
used for the purpose for which 
the instrument was made. 

AwKERT. adJ, (1) Perverse. Lane, 
Awkertly, foolishly. 

The dickons tey thee, Meary I whot on 
fltr*«-/ whean ar teau ! whot teh pleajme 
did t' flay meh thiss'n for? ^'"^^^ 


(2) Stubborn, obstinate. Nitrth, 




AwKWARi>E,a^9. Backward. Awk- 
ward occurs in a similar sense 
in Shakespeare. 

Awl, adj. All. My awls, my 

AwLATB, D. {A,'S.) To disgust. 

Tor the king was somdel awlated, and to 
gret despit it nom. Bob. Glow., p. 485. 

AwLDE, adj. Old. 

AwLESSE, adj. Fearless. 

Tlie greatpf strokes, the fiercer was the 
monster's awU*te fisrht. 

Womer't Albiott*Jt England, 1592. 

kwijVVQ,prpp, All along ; entirely 

owing to. Awlung o\ all along 

of. North. 
AwLus, adv. Alwavs. Lane. 
AwM, (1) «. A measure of Rhenish 

wine, containing forty gallons. 

(2) I am. North. 
Aw-MACKS, 9. All sorts, or kinds. 

AwMBRR, 1 jr. {medieval Lat. am- 
AWMYR, j &ra.)' A liquid mea- 
sure ; a kind of wine vessel. 
AwMBRERE, 8, An almoner. 

Prompt. P. 
AwMB. U) V. (A.'N. esffter.) Jo 

guess ; to aim. 

(2) 8. A suspicion. 
AwMNERE, 8. (A.'N.) An almoner. 

His duties are thus set out in the 

Boke of Curtasye: 

The awtnnere by this hathe savde grace, 
And the aUnes-dysshe hnse sett in p^a/ce j 
Ther iii the kerver alofte schaile sette; 
To serve God fyrst, withonten lette. 
These other lores he parys alionte, 
Lays hit myd dysshe, withouten doute. 
The smalle lofe he cuttes even in twynn«, 
Tho over dole in two lays to bym. 
The aumenere a rod sclialle have in honde. 
As office for almes, y undurstonde ; 
AUe the broken-met he kepys, y wate. 
To dele to pore men at the jate, 
And drynke thatleves 8er>'ed in halle. 
Of ryche and pore, bothe grete and smalle; 
He IS swome tooverse the servis wele. 
And dele it to the pore every dele ; 
Selver he deles ryuand by way, 
Atid his almys-dysshe, as I 50U say, 
To the porest man that he can fynde, 
Other allys, I wot^ he is unkynde. 

AwMOSSy «. pi. Alms. Thoresby 

gives this form of the word in hfl 
letter to Ray, 1703. 

AwMRY, *. A pantry. North. See 

Awn, (1) r. To own ; to acknow- 
ledge. North. 

(2) To own ; to possess. North, 

(3) To visit. Yorish. . 

(4) adj. Own. 

As fyrste, the xv. of alle there goodos, 
and thaune ane hole xv., nt yett at every 
bntell to come ferre oute there countreis 
at ther awne coste. 

Wdrkworth*s Cknm. 

Awn'd, par/. /?. Ordained. Yorksh, 

I am awfCd to ill luck, t. ff., it is 

my peculiar destiny. 
AwNDBRNB,*. An andiron. Prompt. 

Awns, «. The beard of corn ; the 

arista of Linnaeus. North. 
AwNER, 8. (1) A possessor; an 

owner. North, 

(2) An altar. 
AwN-SELL, s. Own-self. North. 
AwNTURS, 8. Adventurous. See 

AwoNDER, 0. (1) To surprise ; to 


He was wi^tliche awonJered, 
And gan to wcpe sore. 

miliam Mid the Werwolf, p. 13 

(2) To marvel. 

Heo mevndrede swithe. 

MS. Reg., 17 a xzvii, f. 6S. 

AwoRK, adv. On work ; at work. 

I'll set his burning nose once more uworh 
To smell where I remov'd it. 

B. Jon., Case is Jlter'd, ii, 6. 

Will your grace set him awork.^ 

Bird i» a Cage, i, 1. 

AwoRTHE, adv. Worthily. 
A.W Kjpron. Our. North, 
AwREKE. V. (A.-S.) To avenge, or 
be revenged of. Pret. t, awrake* 

Fort ich have after jon i-sent. 
To awreke me thorou; jugement. 
Now %e witen how hit is agon, 
Awreke me swithe of mi fon. 

Floriee and Bkmehefi., L 87% 

Awreke, part. p. Revenged. 




lie raor he wold mereie be of hys brother 
Koberd. Boh. Oloue , p. 888. 

AwRBNCHB, V. To scize. 

AwBiTTEN, part. p. Written. 

AwBO, adj. An}. 

Is ther fallen any affray 
In land awro where? 

TowneUy MysttrUi, p, 878. 

AwBOKEN, p€trt. p. of awreke. 

AwKOTHB, V, (A,'S.) To make 

AwBUDDT, adv» Already. North. 

Aw8-B0NE8, 8. " Ox-bones, or 
bones of the legs of cows or oxen, 
with which boys (in ITorksbire) 
play at aw8 or yawse." Ketmett, 

AwBT. I shall. Northvtmb, 

AwT. (1) All the. North, 
(2) adv. Out. North. 

AWTALBNT, *. {A.-S.) HI will. 

AwTBR, (I) 0. To alter. North. 
(2) 8. An altar. 

Seynt Thomas was i-slawe, 

At Cantyrbury at the awter sttm, 

Wher manymyraclys are i-don. 

Miehard Coer de Lum, 41. 

AwTH. (1) All the. North. 

(2) 8. Ought ; anything. 

AwTUK,adf. Sad? 

Pilgremes, in speche ye ar falle aiotke. 
TowneUy Mjfsteriett p. 274. 

AwTHBR, ailf. Either. 
AwTS, 8. Oats. Lane. 
AwYB. I have. Northumb, 
AwiTER, adv. Over. Somenet. 
AwvisH, adj. (1) Blvish. Lane, 

E, law 1 on did 'n the awmth shap, an 
the pleck jump pan, aed 'n the ? 

Tim BdMn, p. 7. 

(2) Qaeer ; neither sick nor weU. 
AwYisHLT, adt. Horribly; super- 

When he coom m ogeOt he glooart 
awviskfy ot meczil fease; on mezzil 
f ease glendnrt os wrythenly ot him ogen. 

Tim BoiMn, p. 80. 

▲wwHE&B, adv. Everywhere ; all 

AwT&iBN, •. {J.'S.) To curse ; to 

They wolden awyrien that wieht 
For his wel dedes. Piers i^. p. 490. 

Ax, 8. (1) A mill-dam? See 

Also ther is a «jr that my master dametb 
tlie keeping of; I pray yon let them 
hare and occnpie the same nnto the 
same tyme, and then we shall take a 
dereccion in every thing. 

Plumpton Corretpondenee, p. 71. 

(2) An axletree. Kent. 

AxB, 1 V. (J..S.) To ask. This 

AX, J word, which now passes 

for a mere vulgarism, is the 

original Saxon form, and used 

commonly by Chaucer and others. 

That also sone as he hym herde, 
The kiuges wordes he ansuerde ; 
What thyng the kyng hitu axe wolde, 
Therof anon the trowtlie he tolde. 

Gower, MS. Comb., Ff. i, 6. 

And axed them this question than. 

Heywood, Fmr Pt» 0. P., U 84. 

AxBN, 8. (j4.-S.) Ashes. Still used 

in the dialect of the West. 

T not wharof beth men so pmte; 
Of erthe and oxen, felle and b<me ? 
Pol. Songs, p. 803. 

AxBN-CAT, 8, A cat which tum- 
bles in the ashes. Devon. 

AxBS, 8. The ague. Applied more 
particularly to fits or paroxysms. 

In the xiii of king Edwarde, there 

a greate bote somer And univer- 

sally fevers, axes, and the blody flix pre- 
vailed in diverse partes ot Englande. 

LeiatuPs CM., u, SC7. 

Not only yong, but some that ver (Me, 
Wyth love's axcesse now ver they bote, 
now colde. 

Boekas, FaU qfPrimeet, 1 134. 

AxxwADDLB, (1) 9. To wallow on 
the ground. Devon. 
(2) 8. One, who by constantly 
sitting near the fire, becomes 
dirty with ashes; an idle and 
]a£y person. Devon. 
(5) A dealer in ashes. Devon, 

AxFBTCH, 1 ff. A plant, so called 
AXYETCH, Ifrom the axe-liks 
AXWOKT, J shape of its pods. 




And we neede not make anv doubt of 
it, but that even good andkinde ground, 
when it should not brins forth any 
thing but mustard seede,— blew bottles, 
axfeich, at such other like unprofitable 
weedea. The Countrie Farme, p. 666 

Axil-nails, a. Nails or bolts to 
attach the axle-tree to the cart. 

AxiNO, 8, A request. 

AxiOMANCY, «. Divination by 
hatchets. Coekeram. 

Axle-tooth, s, A grinder. North, 

To dreame of eagles flying over our 
heads, to dreame of marriages, danc- 
ing, and banquetting, foretelu some of 
our kinsfolkes are departed; to dreame 
of silver, if thou hast it given to thy- 
selfe, sorrow; of gold, good fortune; 
to lose an axU'toth or an eye, the death 
of some friend; to dream of bloody 
teeth, the death of the dreamer. 

(kmnUry-moM Counsellor, 163S. 

Ax-pedlar, ». A dealer in ashes ; 

a person who hawks about wood- 

ashes. West. 
AxsBED, 8. The axfetch. Miruheu. 
AxBT, V. {A,'S. ac8ian,) To ask. 

Ho that wyl] there axsy Justus, 
To kepe hys armes fro the rustus, 
In tumement other fyght. 

Liimtf4d, 1037. 

AxTREB, 8, The axle-tree. 
AxuNOEE, 8. {Lot. tueungia,) Soft 
fat; grease. 

The powder of earth-wormes, and axu»- 
goTy addeth further, erounsweU, and 
the tender toppes of the boxe-tree, 
witholibanum; all these, being made 
up and tempered together to make an 
emplaster, he counselleth to bee ap- 
plyed to sinnewes that are layed open. 
Toptdfl, History of Serpents, p. 811. 

AxwoET, 8. Axfetch. Mintheu. 
At, *. (^.-5. 4Bg.) (1) An egg. 
jiyrent pHji,-S. agru,) Eggs. 

Afterward a flok of bryddis. 
And a faucon heem amyddes. 
And ov he laide, so he neygh. 
That ^1 the kyag Phelip nygh. 
That to-brac, y yow telle 
A dragon crep out of the scheUe. 
The bryght sonne so hote hit schon. 
That the ay al to-coos. 
The dragon lay in the stvete, 
Myghte he nought imt ffur hetei 

He foiidith to creope, as y ow telle, 
Ageyn in to the ay-schelfe. 

X. ^Hsnunder, 11. 566-677. 

Jyren they leggith, as a griffon ; 
Ac they beon more feor aroun. 

n., L 6603 

(2) eonj. Yes. 

(3) adv. Always ; ever. 

i4)kit€rj\ Ah! 

Jy I be-sherewe yow be my fhy. 

Bitson's Ancient Songs, p. lOL 

^Iye.I'-^^-'^-^^*-) ^^"■- 

Of non the had ag to stint ne hold tham 
stille. liangtoft's Ckron,, p. 220. 

Thi men er biseged hard in Dunbar vvith 
grete aye. ii., P- 275. 

Ayance, prep. Against. 
Aydee, eonj. Either. 




Ye mote abide and thole me, 
Till eftsone y come aye. 

K. Alisaunier, 1. 66. 

Ayel, 8, (A.-N.) A grandfather. 

For kyng Cyrus would not, in hys live^ 
Suffre hys ayel of very ^eutilnesse 
That men should fynalke him depryve 
Of kingly honour. Boehas, li, 60. 

.adv. {A.'S,) 
*prep. against. 


Aybnbie, 1 (^,5j 

. _. , , To redeem. 

AjENBIE, J ^ ' 

Ayenbiee, 8, (irf.-S.) A redeemer. 
Aybnbyte, *. {A.'S.) Remorse. 

This boc is dan Michelis of Northgate, 
y-write an Englis of his o;ene hand, 
thet hatte ayeiAyte of inwyt, and is of 
th< ^lochottse of saynt Austines of 
Cantekberi. MS. Arundel, 57, f. 2. 

Ayeneisino, 1 ». {A.'S.) Resur- 
A5ENRI8YNO, J rection. 
Atenbat, n jjg^i^ 


Ayensete, 1 p ,^^s.) To deny. 


Ayenst, prep. Against. 
Ayenstonde. 1 ^ To withstand. 


Ayenwaede, 1 ^^ Back. 





Atsrb, 9, (1) Breed. 

Many fawoouns and thin, 
Hawfcia of nobUle ayere. 

Syr Degrttante. 

(2) An heir. 

(3) Air; breath. 

(4) 9. (j.'N.) To go out on an 
expedition, or any business. 

There HM-es none nlyenea 
Tto ayere appone oy'glittys 

Jliarte Arthure. 

Atpbt, 9. To covet. Rob. Gloue. 
Ayfull, adj. Awful ; high ; proud. 
Ayohb, 9, {A,'S.) Terror ; fear. 

Snm for rret ayghe an*' dont, 
Tu other kinffes flowen about. 

Jrthour and Merlin^ p. 18. 

Atgrb, adj, (A.'N.) Sour. 
Aygrebn, 9. The houseleek. 
Ayoulbt, 9. An aglet. Speiuer. 
Ayild, V, To Tield. 
Ayl, adv. Always. Skinner. 
Aylastande, adj. Everlasting. 
Aylastandly, adv. Everlastingly. 
Aylb, V, To possess. 

Hir ayletU no pryde. 

Sir Percepal: 160. 

Aylis, 9. pi. Sparks from hot iron. 
Aymant, 9. {A.-N.) A diamond. 
Ay-meb. a lamentation; from 
crying ah mcy or ay me ! 

I can hold off, and by my chyiuick pow'r 
Draw sonnets from the melting lover's 

Aymees, and elegies. 

Beaum. (r FL^ Woman Rater. 
Hero of hie-hoes, admiral of ay-me's, 
and Monsieur of mutton lac'd. 

Heywoad's Lov8*s Mietreu. 

Aymers, 9. pL (A,'S.) Embers. 

l^ike chickes and wry hem in ashes all 
nyjt, other lay hem ui hoot aymert. 

Forme of Cory . 

Aynd, 9. Breath ; life. See Ande, 

AyiN, 9. pi. Eyes. 

Ayoh, adv. Awry ; aslant. Shrop9h, 

Ayont, /»rgi. Beyond. North. 

AY-auBRE, adv. Everywhere. 

Ay-quere naylet fnl nwe 
For that note ryched. 

^r Gawaynt, p. 84. ' 

Ayrb, (1) «. An heir. 

(2) adj. Ready ; yar«. 

{Z)prep, Ere; before. 

(4) 9, Air. 
Ayrely, adv. Early. 
Ayrbn, 9.^^ Eggs. See A% 
Ayry, (1) v. To make an atrie. 

(2) adj. Joyful ; in good spirits. 
Ayschbtte, prct, t. Asked. 

Mercy mekel*'che of hym he a^sehetU. 
Ckton. ViloauH.t p. Sfik 

Ayschis, 9, pi Ashes. 

Ayse, 9, (A,-N.) Ease. 

(2) V. To make at ease. 

I made it not for to be praysed. 
Sot at the lewed mfue were aysed. 

Warton's Hiet. Bngl. Poet., i, 88. 

Aysellb, 9. Vinegar. See Ai9ell. 

ArsHWEBD, 9. A herb mentioned 
by Minsheu; perhaps the gout- 

Aythir, adj. Either. 

Ayttbnb, adj, Eigliteen. 

Aywherb, adv. Everywhere. 

^i^;,}(l)P«p. Against. 

(2) adv. Again. 
AzBROLE, 9, {Fr,) A diminutive 

kind of medlar tree. 
Ii-:iVTtpgrt.p, Set; planted. Dor- 

AzocK, 9, The mercury of metal, 

im alphemical term. 
AzooN, adv. Anon ; presently. £r. 


AZURB'QYSB, 9. A COlour. 

^if thou wilt prove azure^byee, whether 
It be good or bade, take a pensel or a 

Jenne, and drawe snialle rewles upon 
lewe lettres with that ceruse, ana ^tf 
thi ceruse be nojt clere white bote deUe 
fade, then is the blewe noxt fyne. 

MS. Sloane, 2384, p. 3. 

Azzard, 1«. A puny child; an 
AZZY, J insignificant fellow. 

AzzARDLY, adj. Poor; ill thriven. 
AzzLE.T00TH,«. Agrindcr. Craven. 
AzzLED, ad/. Chapped. Leie, A 

person's hands are said to h% 





kimmi^, prep. Against. 

Mikil more if he pronoance without 
imtorit^ or lif oontrarioaaly a^etuUs the 
Iiordui wUle. 

JfoUgyfor the LolUrds, p. 8. 

Asbmword, adv. Or the other haad. 

ASSR, ade. Yearly. 

9eo wol raUier bi-leve here troage, tliat ;e 
hem bereth a^er. Sob. Ohue^ p. 100. 

ASbtnus, prep. Against. 
A^LBS, c<ff. Fearless. 
• A^T. 1(1) adj. (^..A) Noble; 
AHT, / honourable. 

k» he wolde sometyme to Engeloud wende, 

41 that ajt was io Engelond lie let lomoiiy 

in ech ende. Bot. Glome., p. 377. 

For other hit is of tuam tliinge, 
(Ne mai that tliridde no mnn bringej) 
Othar the laverd is wel aht. 
Other a swunde an nis naht. 
tef he ia wurthfol, an akt man, 
lif ele no man that wisdom can 
Hare ot is wive do him shame. 
For fif akt man is hire bedde. 
Urn mijt wene that the mistide, 
Waune thu list bi iiire side. 

EuU and the Nygktingak, 1. 1467. 

{2)pret, L Ought. 
(3) adj\ Eight. 
kiTEfpret t. Possessed. 


Ba. (1) ai|p. (J.'S.) Both. 

(2) V. To kiss. Ckaucer, 

(3) 8, A kiss. 
(4)«. AbalL 

Baad, (1) V. To batbe. Craven. 

(2) pret. t. Continued. Yorkeh, 

(3) 8. A disreputable woman. 
Cumb, See Bad (7). 

Baa-lamb, 8. A childish term for 

a Unib. 
Baal>hill8, 8. Hillocks on the 

moors, on which fires are said 

to have been formerly lighted. 

Baan, 8. A bone. North. 
Baan~cart, 8. The body. Craven. 
Baant. Am not; are not. Var. 

dial. ** I baani agoing." 
Baab, p. To iicar. MaundevUe. 

Baaud, «. A sort of bea-featd, or 

transport ship. 
Ba-arob, 8. A fat, heayy person* 


Baas, adj. {A.'N.) Base ; low. 

Wlierfor empostume off blode and ther 
ofl engendred is callyd fHegmoO} em- 

Jostume sprungen off flew me is callyd 
MM, that is to say law, empostttmei 
of rede, eoleryk. MS. IMk cent 

Baae dauneee^ were dances ver. 

slow in their moyements. 

And then came downe the I. prince an^ 
the lady Cecill, and dannced two haae 
dauncee and departed up aeaine, tlie 
1. prinee to the king and the ladv Cecili 
to the qneene. HaH. MS., No. 69. 

Baastb, {I) V. To sew; to baste. 
(2) 8. Bastardy. Prompt. Parv 
Baath, adj. Both. North. 
Bab, (I) v. To bob down. North. 

(2) V. To fish, by throwing into 
the water a bait on a line, with 
a small piece of lead to sink it. 

(3) 8. A baby ; a child. 
Babbart, 8. A familiar name for 

a hare. Reliq, Jntig., i, 133. 
Babble, (1) v. Hounds were said 
to babble^ '^ if too busie after they 
have found good scent." Oent. 
Jtec, p. 78. 

(2) 0. To talk boisterously, or 
without measure. 

(3) 9. An idle story. 
Babblbmbnt, 1 8. Idle discourse ; 

BABBLING, J much spoakiug. 
Babbt, 8. (!) A baby. 

(2) A sheet or small book of 

prints for children. North. 
Babe, 8. "A child's maumet." 

Goutdman. See Baby. 
Babklart, 8. A foolish tale. Sir 

T. More. 
Babelavantb, «. A babbler. 

Cheeter Play8, u, 84. 
Babblb, v. n. To totter; to waver. 

'* Babelyn or waveryn : Ubrillo." 

Prompt. Parv. 
Baberloppbd, adj. Thick-lipped 

Pierk PI ** Babyrlyppyd : La> 

brosni.*' Pron^t. Parv. 




Babery, 1 Childish finery. 


Babbury, », An architectural or- 

Al was or stone of berDe, 
Both the castell and the toore. 
And eke the halle, and every bonrek 
Without peeces or joynings, 
But many subtell compassingsi 
As babeuries and pinnacles. 
Imageries and tabernacles. 

Chaucer, Hou»« ofF.» iii, 99. 


A baboon. 



Babish, a^. Childish. 
Bablative, adj. Talkative. 


A fool's bauble. 

Mean while, my Mall, think thoa it's 

To be my foole, mod £ to be thy hable. 
(HorTtHff, Bpiff., li, 96. 

Bables, 8. (Fr.) The glass or 

metal ornaments of the person. 

Their ears are long, made longer by 
ponderous babks they hang there, some 
using links of brasse, of iron, others 
hare glasse-beads, chains, blew stones, 
ballets, or oyster-shells. 

Herberts Travels, 1638. 

They suppose them most brave, most 
courtly, who can teare or dilacerate 
tlieir eares widest, which they effect by 
many ipondetmtB'iabki they hang there. 

Baby, «. A child's toy., especially 

a doll. In the North the word 

•8 still used to a^nify « child's 


08cilla,pro imagunculis'qnsetHfantibns 
pueri8(]ue ad lusum prsebentnr. Puppits 
or babies for children to play witUall. 

Nomenelator, 158S. 

BtLbxes doe children please, and shadowes 

fooles : 
Shewes have deoeiv'd the wisest manv a 

time. Griffin* » Fidessa, 1596. 

8ut to raise a dayry 
for other men*-8 -adulteriet, consume my- 
self in caudles. 
And scouring work, in muies, bells, and 

Only for charity. 

FilUers, The Chattees, 1692. 

Babjf-^Umt^f wai a name given 

to puppets made of rags. Cot> 
grave translates nrngwet, "a cu- 
riously dressed babie of clowts.*' 
BabieS'heads. A kind of toys for 
children are called babies'-heads 
in the Book of Kates, 1675. 
To look habiet in the eyeg, ia a 
phrase common among our old 
poets to characterise the amor- 
t>us gazing of lovers npon each 
Dther. In addition to many ex- 
aasples which have been quoted, 
we may add the following : 

She clung about his neck, gave him ten 

Toy'd with his locks, look'd babies in his 

eyes. Heywood^s Levies Mistress, p. 8. 

Look babies in your eyes, my pretty sweet 

There's a fine sport. 

The Loyal Subject, ii, 4. 

We will ga to the dawnes, and slubber 
up a silubub, and I will look babies in 
your eyes. 

Philocles and Doriclea, 1640. 

Clev. How like you one anothers faces 

Fass. Hast ne're a baby in thy eye ex- 
traordinary, Maldriu f or do'st see one 
in mine? 

Howard, Man of Newmarket, 1678. 

Babyshed, part, p. Deceived 
with childish tales. 

Baccare. An exclamation, sup- 
posed to be a corruption of back 
there, and found not unfre- 
quently in our early dramatists. 

Baccatbd, adj, (Lat, baccatus.) 
Garnished with pearls. 

BAccii ar, 8, The herb ladies' glove. 

Bacches, 8. Bitches ; or, perhaps, 
a mere clerical error for racches. 

The bacches that hym scholde knowe, 
For sone mosten heo blowe pris. 

App. to Walter Mapes, p 345. 

Bacchus-feast, 8. A rural festi- 

val ; an ale. 
Baccifbrous, adj. {Lat.) That 

bears berries. 
Baccivorous, adj, (Lat.) That 

eats berries. 
Bace, (1) «. {ji.'N.) A kind of 




mh, supposed to be 4fae %as8e, 
t>r sea-perch. 

(2) An incerrect orthogFapl^ ef 

(3) 12, To beat. Mwon, 
Bace chaumber, «. A T9om on 

the lower tiaor. ** Bmce cham" 
%yr s Bassaria, vel camera bassa- 
ria, give camera bassa." Prompt. 

Bacheler, 8, (A.-X.) A young 
man who has not yet anrived at 

Bacheleryb, 8. ,{A.mN.) (1) The 
condition or grade previous and 
introductory to knighthood; and, 
generally, that period in ^the l^ 
of a young man before he has 
-entered on a determinate footing 
in the world. There wereimght8 
^achelorst or young, knights. 
i(2) The qualification of this age, 
courage and strength. 
(3) A party of bachelors. 

Bachelor's ■uttons, \ «. The 


flower. It was an ancient custom 
Amongst country fellows to carry 
the flowers of this plant in their 
pockets, to know whether they 
should succeed with their sweet- 
hearts. Hence arose the phrase, 
"to wear bachelor's buttons," 
for being unmarried. In some 
parts, still, the flower-heads of 
the common burdock, and the 
wild scabious, are thus named. 
tGerarde mentions two or three 
plants, of which this was (the 
trivial name. 

He wean bacAelort buttons^ does he <nof :? 
Heyw.f Fair Maid qfihe Wttt. 

Bacine, 8. A bason. 

Back, «. (1) A bat. 

(2) In mining, the back of a 
lode is the part of it nearest the 
surface ; and the back of a level 
is that part of the lode extending 
above it to within a short dis- 
tance of the level above. 

(?) Ji hack and brea8lt & cuirass, 

(4)«. To mount on the back. 

"To ftao* a horse." 

(5) 39. To endorse:; .as, to back a 


Back-alons, adv. Backward. 

Back and edge. Completely, en- 
tirely. In Yorkshire they say, 
"I can make back nor edge of 
him:;" f can make nothing of him. 

Backarack. 'See Backrag. 

Backabas-'WAT, adv. Backwards. 

Backas, «• The back-house, or 
wash-hottse; sometimes the bake- 

Back-bans, «. That part of the 
harness which, going over the 
•back of the horse that draws, 
keeps up the shafts of the cart 
<or carriage. 

8ackbar,«. The bar in a chimney 
by which any vessel is suspended 
over the fire. 

Backberand, 8. The bearing of 
any stolen goods, especially deer, 
on the back, or open indisputable 
theft. A law term. 

Back-board, «. More commonly 
called back-breyd. The baking- 
boardy or baker* 8'board, is a thin 
board about 18 or 20 inches wide 
each way, but the corners and 
end held next to the body of the 
baker jx>unded off a little. It is 
icut cross-wise with shallow kerfs 
'Of a handsaw, about an inch 
.asunder, over the faoe of it in 
form of net-work. When used, 
some dry oatmeal is spread upon 
it, and a small wooden ladle full 
of the oatmeal dough [which by 
being lelted is previously made 
to .about the consistency of thick 
cream] is poured in a heap upon 
it. The baker then, by .a pecu- 
liar kind of circular motion of 
the board, slightly elevating and 
depressinji; the sides Alternately 




donng tbe working of it, con- 
lri¥€t to spread out tho dough 
into a broad thin cake, rarely 
more but often le$t than one 
eighth of an inch in thickness. 
The c$ke is then sUd olf the 
baek'breyd upon another thin 
board of lesser dimensions with 
a short handle on called the 
bakmp-^ttley and by a peculiar 
cast of the baker is spread out 
still thinner upon the hot bake- 
stone, where in a few roinutea' 
time, being turned over once or 
twice in the interval, it is tho- 
roughly baked. Servants used 
to be required to know how to 
bake oatmeal, but tliia custom is 
rapidly becoming obsolete. 

Backbhon, «. A large log of wood 
put at the back of the fire. Dortet. 

Backby, adv. Behind ; a little way 
off. Norih, 

BACiLCAitaY, V. To carry on the 
the back. 

Bac K-CAST, «. The failure in an 
effort i a relapse. North. 

Back - oautie^, «. '* Cmttere dSpr- 
salf the beieJke^auter, somewhat 
like a knife, or having a back 
like a knife, and searing onely 
on the other side." Cetffrmpe. 

Backsn, v. To retard. 

Back-end, «. Tbe latter end; 
autumn. Yaristh. Sometimes, 
the latter end of the year. 

Backbning, 8. lielapaes hin- 
drance. Yorksh. 

Backer, a<^'. Further back. Wftt. 

Backers, adv. Backward* Vgr, 

Backbrlt, a4^. Late, applied to 

BACKERTa* fidv. Backwards. 

Backertbr, 1 «4/* More baek- 


Baok-friend» «• (1) A leoret 

(2) A term for an aigiuuL 

Back-o*«bbtond, mdwn Of an mi 

known distance. North. 
BACK.OUT, a. A back-yard. Kins/. 
Back-piece, 8. The piece of ar« 

mour covering the back. 
Backrao, I a. A kind of wine, 
BAGHARACH, f made at Bacharaoh 
BAGRAO, J in Germany. 

Vm for no tong«M but drv'd obm, s«cii m 

Give « fine r^Iisk t9 vy k^hrtia* 

Backset, 8, " To mid^e a h^k8et, 
to make a stand to receive a 
chased deer, and to cast fresh 
hounds upon him at the letter 
end of the course.'' Holmes 

Backseyorb, <i4v« The hind part 
before. Dewm, 

Backside, «. The hind part of 
anything, generally. But this 
word was used in several par> 
ticular senses, of which the fol- 
lowing are chiefly to be noticed : 

(1) The yard behind a house, 

Nicholas Ward, imfortiiMtely sino«r*<l 
to death, in sinking for a draw well in 
his fatliers hwitide, 10 feb. 1716. 
Tmn9h Bggister^ HartUpaol. (Cknm. MirtA.J 

No innkeeper, alehouse keeper, vietoal- 
ler, or tippler, shall admit or suffer any 
person or persoiss in his house or ktuk- 
ti40 to eat, drink, or plar at cards. 

QrindaTt BmaiHS, p. 188. 

(2) The back part of the bouse 


Onely heare mee*: % hare a certaine 
parlour in the baeksidef in the further- 
most part of my house, hi thither was 
a bed earned and covered with elothes. 
H^erenca in MngH^ IMl. 

The backside of the kitchen. 

(3) A farm-yard. Hamp8h. 

(4) A man's posteriors. In the 
following passage it is applied to 
the ant, because the latter, as in 
a fable, is spoken of as a hum^n 

A po9r ant oairies a min of euni, 

climbing up a wall with her head down- 
wards, snd her kvckmtte upwards. 




(5) The tide of t letter on which 
the address w«s written* 

Come, wrap it (the letter) Up Bo>Rr, 
whilst I go fetch wax and a candle ; 
•nd write <m the httcktide, "for Mr. 

Wycherlejf, Country tFifs, 1688. 

Bagkstafv, 9, An instrument 
used for taking the sun's alti- 
tude at sea ; so named because 
the bach of the observer was 
turned towards the sun when 
using it. 

Backstanb, «. Resistance* 

Backster, «. A baker. North, 

Bagksters, «. Wide flat pieces 
of )H>ard strapped on the feetv to 
walk over loose beach on the sea 
coast. South. 

Back-stock, s, A log of wood. 

Backstonb, 8, An iron for baking 
cakes, generally hung over the 
fire. A. person is said to go 
**like a cat upon a hot back- 
stone/' when treading cau- 
tiously and with apparent fear 
and uneasiness. 

Backstrikino, 8. A mode of 
ploughing, in which the earth, 
after being turned, is turned 
back again. Suffolk. 

Backsunded, adj. Shady. Donet. 

Back-swankbd, 4idJ. Lean iu the 
flank, applied to a horse. 

Backsword, «. The game of 
single-sticlL WtlU. 

Backward, v. To keep back; to 

Backward, «. (I) The state of 
things past. Shaketp. 
(2) A Jakes. 

Backword, 8, An answer to put 
off an engagement. North. 

Back-worm, «. A disease in 
hawks ; also o^led the filander. 

Backwort, «. The name of a 
herb, apparently the same as the 

Bagkwound, v. To wound se- 
cretly, or from behind* 

Bacon-, 8. A down^ Shuketp. 
Bacon-bee, 8. A small insect of 

the beetle kind, which blows 

bacon. Leicett, 
Bactilb. {Lat.) A candlestick. 
Baculombtrt, ff. (la/.) The art of 

measuring altitudes or distances 

by means of a staff. 
B agvn , part. p. Baked. 
Bacyn, 8. A light kind of helmet 

More correctly, biuyn. 

Some he hjtie on the hacyn^ 
That he cleff hym to the chyn. 

£./UeAar<<, 1.2567. 

Bad, (1)0^'. Sick; ill. 

(2) 04^. Poor. Var. dial 

(3) Offered; invited. 

(4) pret. #. of iidde. Asked ; 

(5) V. To shell walnuts. We8t. 

(6) 8. A rural game, played with 
a bad'8tick, formerly used in 

0) i* A bad person or thing. 

That of two badds for betters choyae he 
bncke agnyne did ^e. 

W^amer'i Atbion*9 England, 1593. 

Baddelichb, ado. Badly. Rob, 

Badder, adf. Comp. of had. Worse. 


Bade, T (i) ,. pglay. 
badde, J ^ '' ' 

(2) pret. t. of hide. Abode; 


f3) prtt, t, of bidde. Prayed. 

^4) Commanded. Chaucer. 

(5) 8. {A.'S.) A pledge ; a surety. 

(6) 9. To bathe. Warw, 
Badbltnoe, «. A flock or com- 
pany of ducks. 

Badge, 0. To cut and tie up beans 
in shocks or sheaves* Leiceet, 

Baoobr, (1) 9. A pedlar ; a corn- 
factor ; a person who buys eggs, 
batter, ftc., at the farm-houses, 
to sell again at market. 

(2) 0. To beat down in t bar« 

(3) p. To tease ; to tmioy. 


BAD 1 

BABaBK-THa-BmAK. *. k gune, in 
which the boy who pemoiMtei 
the bev placet himtelf upon hia 
hindi *nd kneear and anatber 
boy, u hi> keeper, deftndt bin) 
from the attacks of the othera. 

BAt>OET,(. (Ij Abaclger. Eatl. 
(2) A cart-horse. 

Badling, I. A nonhleM penon. 

Badly, dif. I"i siiHiIy. 

Badb. t. The huiki of walnoU. 

Bakl, I. {ji.-S.) Sorrow ; bale. 
Baelvs. t. Rods. Tmdale. 
BAPrs, V. To jell a» hounda. 

S^M u konndn r Banlo, NflO, liCm. 

Baffifn t b«uii« niter Uuii pny : 

JtaffiHfft DT bairTiirge of hnniidev; Bim- 

Baitkt, v. To baffle. 

BArrLi. 1 e, (Fr,> Tvtrearwith 

BA»rni„ /indignity; to expnae. 
Properly speaking, to i<ifflf or 
iaffvt a person waa to reverae a 
picture of him in an ignominioua 

BdfitlHTHf it i ^TflttdUtrflRUDDiiglhe 
openl.t peijared. shd tLe>' th«y Bake 

faimwiul"lfiin^"'^' ZTiSiuliS. 

And BfUr all, for greater in^DiLA, 
H« bf thfl li«U bin hong BpoB ■ tmL 
And hij!U'il K, tb>t >U i>hl<4 piiied b; 

1 am dileTBC^d. imqnch'd, and ^jQ^ heTe, 
Pierc'd to Ihe iml witb ^inder-i nnom'd 

(2) V. To cheat, or mike a fool 
of; to mansge capriciously or 
wantonly ; to twiat irregutarl; 
t*)geth«r, Estt. 

(,1) In SiKT.ilk they term Saffled, 
corn H'liic)i i] knocked down bf 

BATTLtNQ,!. Opprobriom j aflront. 
Baft, adv. Abaft. Chaucer. 
BAms. edv, [J-.S.) Afterward*. 

Cor. M^il. 
Bau, (1) t. The udder of a cow. 

Fur. dial 

(2) V. To cot peas with an in- 
atruroent like the comnion reap- 
Ing.hook. Wat. 

(3) V. To cut wheat atubble, 
generally with an old tcjthe. 

{*): Tbeatomach. Hence eat< 
ing ia called familiarly bagginff, 
{5)r. Tumove; toahake; lojog. 
{6)i>. To breed, to become preg- 

HU Copid liRiL Jib. Eigl, vi, p. 118. 

(7) I. In some dialects, turf. 
The upper sod cut into w{|iare» 
and dried for fuel. 

(8) ». A name for Ibe loag-tailed 
titiDOUse. Norlharapl. 

(9) Among the popular phrBsPa 

ligbt-roottd ID trarel Sttrt, liitbt »iltnl 
mulcn lU iag, Grtm'i Qui^l ^t. 
Bag and tattle, a tcboolboy's 


iDilrubL Xachard"! Oitrr 

And nmnMl'd jnn rortliwiTh to pack 
To GrsKiA, itv and imtfme, buck. 

Baiarr J-la-Male, p. Jt. 




Bagattnb, «. An Italian coin, 
worth about the third of a far- 

Bagavel, 8, (A.'S. f) A tribute 
granted to the citizens of Exeter 
hj a charter from Edward the 
First, empowering them to levy 
a duty upon all wares brought to 
that city for the purpose of sale, 
the produce of which was to ))e 
employed in paving the streets, 
repairing the walls, and the ge- 
neral maintenance of the town. 
Jacobt* Law Dictionary. 

Ba.oe, *! «. A badge. Prompt, 
BAOGE, J Parr. 

Bagbard, ». A badger. 

Bagelle,*. {A.'N.) Rings; jewels. 

Baget, 8. A sort of tulip. 

Bag-fox, «. A fox that has been 
unearthed, and kept a time for 
sport. Blome, 

Baggabonb, «. A vagabond. 

Baggage, «. (perhaps from Fr. ba- 
goMe,) A worthless or pert 

Baogaged, ") part, p. Bewitched ; 
BYGAGED, J mad. Exmoor. 

Baggagely, a^;. Worthless. Tuas, 

Baggb, v. To swell with arrogance. 
Chaucer, Tyrwhitt conjectures 
that it means to squint. 

Baggerment, 9, A corn-field full 
of weeds and rubbish is said to 
be full of baggerment. It may be 
questioned whether this is genu- 
ine Lincolnshire, and it has been 
snsp<>cted that it has been intro- 
duced by some sailors ; the only 
word like it being Bogamante, 
a common lobster, and such a 
word it is possible may have 
been corrupted and used meta- 
phorically for rubbish, or that 
which is good for nothing. 

Baggie, «. The belly. Nortkumb. 

F aggin, 9. Food. Cumb. Baggiu' 
iimet or baggituf'time^ baiting- 
time. Lane* 

Here ample rows of tents are atretck'd. 
The gurse green common big^'d on ; 

And baggin reddy cuck'd is fetcii'd 
Frae P eeritb, C«rle, an Wigiou. 

Stagg't Cumherland Pomm. 

Bagging, «. (1) The act of cut. 
ting up the haum or wheat stub- 
ble for the purpose of thatching 
or burning. Oxfordsh. 
(2) Becoming pregnant. 
Bagging-bill, 1«. A curved 
BAGGiNG-BOOK, j iron instrument 
for agricultural purposes. 
Baogingly, adv. Squintingly. 
Bag-harybst, 9» A harvest in 
which the men provide their own 
victuals, which is commonly car- 
ried by them in bags for their 
daily support. Norf. 
Baghel, 9. Jewellery. See Ba» 

In toun herd I telle, 
The baghel and the belle 
Beii filched and fled. 

FolUical Song*, p. 807. 

Baginet, 9» A bayonet. 

Bagle, 9. An impudent and dis- 
reputable woman. Shakeap, 

Bagpipes, 9. A popular name for 
a flail. Northampt, 

Bag-pudding, 9. A rustic dish, of 

which we have no very clear 

description, but it was probably 

like our rolly-polly puddings. 

A big bag-jfntdding then 1 must commend, 
For he is full, and holds out to the end ; 
Sildome with men is found so sound a 
friend. Davies, Scourge of Folly, 1611. 

True love is not like to a bag-pudding ; 
a bag-pudding hath two ends, but true 
love hath never an end. 

Foot BobiH,V!b7. 

Bagwaletoub, a. A carrier of 

Bagy, 9. A badge. Bemer9. 

Babv, part. 9. Going. York9h. 

Baibery, 9. A bay-berry. Mr. 
Dyce suspects an error here for 
bribery. But see Bay berry. 

I wept and sighed, and thumped and 
thumped, and raveid and ranaed and 
ndled, and told him liow mv wife was 
now grown as common as bmberg. 

northward Hoe, l(t07« 

BjLiea, 9, A slip of land. 

A iaieh Of luigtiet of land. 

J%'< Travels, p. S80. 

Baxcs^ 8, Chidings ; reproofs. 

If la»r 80 loathsome iu cheese be espied, 
Lst baict smeud Cisly, or shift her aside. 

TusMT^s Hutbandry. 

Baigne, V. (/v.) To dip in liquid; 
to drench ; to soak. 

Bail, (1) t. (J..S.) A beacon ; a 
bonfire. North. 

(2) The handle of a pail, or the 
bow of a scythe. Sujf. 

Bails, *. A wooden canopy, formed 
of bows. 

Bailes, g. pL {A.-S.) Blaies; 
flames. Stafordsh. 

Bailey, ». {A.-N.) Each of the 
enclosures round the keep of a 
castle, so named because its de- 
fence was intrusted, or bailU, to 
a portion of the garrison, inde- 
pendent of the others. 

Fonr tonres ay hit has, and kernels fair, 
Tlire baiUiees at aboute, that may nott 

Nouther hert may wele thiiike ne tune may 

wel telle 
Al the bounty and the bewt^ of this ilk 

Seven barbicans are sette so sekiriy aboute, 
Tliat no raaner of shotirisf may greve fro 

withoute. The Castle of Love . 

Bailiwick, *. Stewardship. 

Baillib, 9. {A,'N.) Custody ; go- 

Bails, 9. Hoops to bear up the 
tilt of a boat. 

Baily, t. (^.-M) A bailiff; a 
steward ; a sheriff's ofllcer. 

An honeste husbande man, that 
channsed to fynde the sayde bodget 
brought it to the baily of Ware, hc- 
cordynge to the crye, and required liis 
XX. li. for his hibour, as it whs pro- 
claymed. Tales and Quiche Answers. 

hAiN.adJ, (1) Near; ready, easy. 

(2) Pliant, limber. Ea9t. 

(3) Obedient, wilUng. 

152 pa 

Water thai asked swithe, 
Cloth und bonl was drain 1 

With mete and drink hthe. 
And serjauuce that were bayn. 

To serte Tristrem swithe. 
And sir Bohant fu) fayn. 

Sir jMstrem, i, 6Sl 

I saw this wild beste was fnl bayn 
If'or my luf himselfe have shiyne. 

Tteaine and Gawin^ 1. 2097. 

Baine, (1) #. (Fr.) A bath. 

As the noble emperour Angttstas OB a 
time earn in to a bimne, he behelde an 
olde man that hadue done good service 
m the warres, frotte himselfe asraynste 
a marble pyiler for kicke of^one to 
helpe to wasshe him. 

Tales and Quicke Jns»er$. 

Balneator, Cic. fiaySviv^. Maistre des 
baiiis on estures. The maister of tlte 
battles, staves, or hothouse. 

Jfontenolmtcr, ISftS. 

(2) fr. To bathe. 

To baine themselves in my distilling blood. 
F.Lodge, Wounds of Civil War 

Bainbd, adj. (A.^S.) Fated. Used 
in Somersetshire by farmerswhen 
the sheep are affected with liver 
complaints, from which they 
hardly ever recover. 

Bainer. Nearer. North, 

BAIN18, t. pi. Bans, particularly 
applied to the announcement or 
introduction to a play or mystery, 
as in the Chester Plays. "To 
the players of Grimsby when 
they spake thair bayn of thair 
play.'' Lincobuh, Reewd9. 

Bainob, 9. To bask in the sun ; 
to sweat as in ^ bath. GUme, 

Baire, adj. Fit ; convenient. Dur. 

Bairn, ». {A.-S.) A child. North. 

Bairnblie, adj. Childish. North, 

Bairn-team, #. (^.-iS.) A progeny 
of children. 

Bairnwort,s. The daisy. York9h. 

Baisbmains, s. {Fr.) Salutations; 
compliments. Spefi9er. 

Baiskb, adj. (A.'S.) Sour. 

Bath hew donne and caste in the Ibn, 
(r'or the froite of itt is soure, 
knd baiske and bittere of odonre. 
MS. CoU., Fuusi., B. vi, f. 133 »•, 





Baist, V. To beat. A'orM. See 

Baistk, adj. Abashed. 

iiees nog;ht« baisU of ^oiie %oyeft, 
Ne ot thaire bryghte wedis. 

Iforte Artkmn. 

B\iT, (^.-^.) (1) «. A Ifiiicheon. 

(2) V. To rdreth} to stop to 

(3) 9. Food ; pasture. Nttrth. 

(4) tf« To flutter* A hawking 

(5) V. To tea2e, or worry. 
Bait AND, /Mir/. In great haste. 
Baitel, V, To thrash. North, 
Baith, adj. Both. North. 
Bait-poke, 8. A bag for provi- 

sions. North. 

Baja&dour, 8. {A.'N.) A carter ; 
the bearer of any weight or bur** 
den* Kersey, 

Bak, 8, A bat. See Back, 

Bakbd, part, p, Incnisted. Var, 

Bak'd-mbat, 8, A meat pie, or 
perhaps any other pie ; pastry. 

B a ken, part, p. Baked. 

Bakbrlegobd, adj. A person 
whose legs bend outwards. 

Baker-knee'd, adj. One whose 
knees knock together in walking, 
as if kneading dough. Baker* 
feeti twisted feet. 

Baker's-dozen, 9. Thirteen. A 
baker' 8 dozen^ was formerly called 
the demP9 dozen, and it was the 
number who sat down at a table 
in the pretended sabbaths of the 
witches. Hence arose the idea 
of ill-luck which is still popularly 
connected with it. 

Naifl, Minthe, Metni, Fhrine, MesMliiia, 
Abrotonion, Leiuea, Affranea, Lanrentia, 
Citheris, Chione, and laacivious Licaste, 
MdLd a haktr^t doun with Astinasse. 

Jkaies, Samrge of lolly » 1611. 

The refuse of that chaos of the earth. 
Able to g^ve the world a second birth, 
Affrick, aTauntl Thy trifling monsters 

But sheeps-ejed to this penal ignonneet 

That all the prodigies bronght forth befort 
Are but dame Nature's blush left on the 

This strines the Safer** <loeen, christens all 
The cross-leg'd hours of time since Adam's 

fall. Rump SoHgt. 

Bakester, 9. A female baker. 

Bakhalfe, 8, The hindet part. 
Barhousb, 9. A bakehouse. North, 
Bakin, 9. The quantity of bread 

baked at one time. York9h, 
Baking- draught, 9. Part ^ the 

hinder quarter of an oa. 

Bakke, 9. A cheek. 

Than bnivde he brayn wod* 
And alle Lis bakket rente. 
His berde and bis brijt fax 
For bale he totwii t. 

William /• the Weno., p. 76 

Bakfaner, 9. A kind of basket ; 

apparently a pannier carried on 

the back. 

Other habyllementes of wert-C: First 
xii. c pareyses: cc. fyre pannes and 
XXV. other Ivre pannes .... Item vc. 
bakpaners al garnished, cc. lanternes. 
CaXton*s Vegecius, sig. 1 y, b. 

Bakstale, adv. Backwards. 
Prompt. P, 

Bal, (1) 9. (A.'S.) A flame. 
The following lines occur in an 
early poem which contains a 
description of the fifteen signs 
that are to precede the destruc- 
tion of the earth, and the day of 

Than sal the raynbow decend* 
In hew of gall it sal be kend ) 
And wit the windes it sal mel, 
Drit thaim doun into the hell, 
And dunt the dereles theder in 
In thair bal al for to brin ; 
And sal aim bidd to hald thaim thar, 
Abon ertlie to com no mar. 
The term is comen haf ye sal. 
The incom to be in your btU. 
Than sal tai bigin to cri and calle, 
Laverd fader ! God of alle ! 

Cursor Mundi : MS. Bdinb^ f. 7 r* 

(2) 9, A mine. West. 
Balaam. This is the cant term in 
a newspaper oflice for asinine 
paragraphs about monstrous pro- 
ductions of nature and th6 likoi 




kept sttDding in type tc l>e used 
whenever the news of the day 
leave an awkward space that must 
be filled up somehow. See Lock- 
hart's Life qf Scott, vi. 294. 

Balade-royal, 8. A poem writ- 
ten in stanzas of eight lines. 

Balance, (1) «. Balances. Shaketp. 
(2) Doubt; uncertainty. "To 
lay in balance/' to wager. CAoucer. 
In old French we have, eatre en 
balance, to doubt. 

Balancers, a. Makers of ba- 

Balase, v. To balance. Baret, 
** Balaasen, saburro." 

Balastre, 8. A cross-bow. 

Balatb, v. {Lat.) To bleat; to 
bellow. Salop, 

Balayn, *. Whalebone ? 

AffWr come, whyt as the kdow, 
Tyfny thousand on a rowe, 
Ttier among was ser Saladvn, 
And his nevewe M^rrayn^Momelyn. 
Her baner whyt, withouten fable. 
With thre Sarezynes hedes off sable. 
That war schapen noble and large. 
Of balavn, both scheeld and targe. 

Richard, 1. 2982. 

Balats, *. {J.-N.) A kind of ruby. 

Balbucinatb, v. {Lat') To stam- 

Balch, (1) ». To sink flower-pots 
in the mould in a garden, level 
with the surface. 
(2) «. Stout cord, used for the 
head lines of fishing-nets. Comw, 

Balche, V. To belch. Huloet. 

Balchbrs, 8, Very young salmons. 

Balchino, #. An unfledged Mrd. 
Var. dial. Frequently used wiiu^ 
the prefix blind. Warw, 

Balcoon, '\8, {Fr, balcon.) A 
balconb, J balcony. Howell. 

This preparation begot expectation, and 
that filled all the windows, baUones, and 
streets of Paris as they passed with a 
multitude of spectators, six tram- 
peters, and two marshals. 

WiUorCt Jamet /, 16&8. 

Bald, a^, (i) Bold. Baldore, 


Ckntile Johan of l>oncaster 
Did a ful balde dede. 

Minofs Poems, 

(2) adj. Eager ; swift. 

(3) 9, To make bald. 
Baldar-herbe, a. The amaran* 

thus. Huloet. 

Baldchick, 8, A callow un- 
fledged bird. Leic. Synonymous 
with Balchm, which see. 

Baldcoot, a. The water-hen. 

Balds, v. {A.-S,) To encourage. 

Baldeliohe,-!^ Boldlv. 
baldelt, / 

Baldbmoynb, s. Gentian. Prompt, 

Balder, v. To speak coarsely. 

Balderdash, (1) a. Hodge-podge; 
a mixture of rubbish ; filth; filthy 
language; bad liquor. It is 
found in the latter sense in the 
early dramatists. 

(2) p. To mix or adulterate 

Baldfaced, adj. White-faced. 

Bald -KITE, a. A buzzard. 

Baldock, a. A kind of tool. 

Baldore, adJ, Bolder. Rob. Ghuc. 

Baldrib, 8. A portion cut lower 
down than the spare-rib, and 
devoid of fat. 

Baldrick, "I 8, {A.-N.) A belt, 
bauldrick, I girdle, or sash; 
bauderik, (sometimes a sword- 
BAUDRiKE, J belt. In some in- 
stances it seems to have been 
"x^merely a collar round the neck, 
S4it it was more usually passed 
roui?4 one side of the neck, and 
under^e opposite arm. 
(2) Sora«8. subsidiary par* of a 
church beirKf^rh^PS resembling a 
belt, though r1^ is not certain what 
it was. It is o^ten mentioned ii 
old churchwarden'^ accounts un- 
der such forms as^««'<'»7*» baw» 
I dryci, bawdrick, ba^^rtlciet baU 




Ar€ge, httwdreg, bawdry g. Bailey 
{Diet.) says it meant a belt, strap, 
thong, or cord, fastened by a 
buckle, with which the clapper of 
a bell is suspended. The buckle 
IB mentioned in some accounts. 
In the vestry-books of St. Peter's, 
Ruthin, Denbighshire, there are 
entries in 1 683, and many sub- 
teqfuent yearSr in the church- 
warden's account, of vrooden bal- 
drockSt from time to time sup- 
plied new to the parish. 

Also hyt y» agreed the same tyme, the 
Clarke have all the vannt^e of the 4 
belles, and he tofytide hothoawthycites 
and ropes for the 4 seyd belles. 
Slrutt't Horda AngeUCynnan, iii, 172. 

(3) A kind of cake, made pro- 
bably in the shape of a belt. 

Balductum, 9. A term, apparently 
burlesque, applied by writers of 
the 16th cent, to affected ex- 
pressions in writing. 

Baldwein, s. The plant gentian. 

Bale, (1) *. {A.-S, bealS Mis- 
chief; sorrow. 

Therwhile. sire, that I tolde this tale, 
Tlii sone niighte tlwlie dethes bate; 
Thanne were mi tale forlore I 
Ac, of-sende thi sone therfore, 
And yif him respit of his hale. 

Sevyn Sages, Weber, 1.701. 

Let now yonr bliss be turned into bale. 
Speiu., DapAnaida, S20. 

(2) f; Destructiort. 

(3) ». (^.-5. baleio.) Evil. 

Hy ffraunserwitb greme gird [hem] unto, 
Alia sloa:he all oar sitesyns and our sad 

Bnttoued to bale detbe and there blode 

shed. Destruction of Troy, f. 36 v*. MS. 

(4) {A.-S. basUff.) The belly. 

Pronounced bait. In a curious 

description of cutting up the deer 

after a chase, are the following 

lines : 

Sythen rytte thay the foure lymmet. 
And rent of the nydc ; 
Then brek thay the baUt 
The balet out token. 

Ganpoyn jr the Or. Kn., 1. 460?. 

^5) 8. {A.'S.) The scrotum. 

(6) 9. Basil wood. Skvnner. 

(7) Ten reams of paper. KemnetU 

(8) f. A bale qf dice. A pair of 

For exercise of arms, a hale of&tee. 

Or two or three packs of cards to shew the 

And uimbleness of hand. 

B. Jon., Nevf Inn, i, Si 

A yom upon these dice, give's a fresh bale, 
' eh-eevTs Tu Quoque. O. PL, vii, 50. 

(9) V. (Fr. bailler.) To empty 
water out with buckets or other 
small vessels. 

(10) e. The bowed handle of a 
bucket or kettle. 

(11) A bar or rail to- separate 
horses in a stable. 

Baleful, m!/. Evil ; baneful. 
Bale-hills, «. Hillocks upon the 

moors upon which have formerly 

been those fires called bale-fir ee. 

See Baal'hiils. 
Balbis, 9. {A.'N.) A large rod. 
Baleise, v. To beat with a rod ; to 

scourge. Piers PI Still in use i^ 

Balena, 8, {Lat.) A whale. 

The huge leviathan is but a shrimpe 
Compared with our balena on the land. 
Tragedy of Hoffman, IQiM. 

Balew, 8, (A.-S. dalew.) EviT. 
Baleynb, «. (Fr.) Whalebone. 
' Balej, 8. Bowels^ 
Balhbw, adj. Plain; smooth. 

Prompt. P. 
Bali AGE, ». The office of a bailiff. 
Balin, *. The name of a plant. 

Nor wonder if such force in hearbs re- 

What cannot juice of devine simples bmisdf 
Tlie dragon finding his young serpent 

Having tVberbe baJxn in his woandl^ 

Restores hit life and makes him whole 


Whn taught the heart how dettany is used 
Who being pierced through the bonet 

aud marrow, 
Can with that hearbe expell th'olfensive 

arrow. GreeA Britaimt Troye,\W» 


Bxiitr,! {A,.N,) An engine for 
projecting stones in besieging a 

Balistar, ». A crossbow-mtn. 

Balk, ». {A,^S, bale.) (1) A ridge 
of greensward left by the plougli 
in ploughing. " A baUke or banke 
of earth raysed or standing up 
betweene twoo furrowes/' Ba- 
rti*9 Jhearie, 

(2) A beam in a cottage. A 
pair of couples or strong supports 
is placed between each pair of 
pbles, and the balk is the strong 
beam, running horizontally, that 
unites those below: The balk 
was used to hang various articles 
on, such as flitches of bacon, &g. 
Ifali ende whych appeareth under the 
eayes of a house, proeer. Ituloet. 

(3) r. To heap up in a ridge or 

(4) " Balk the way," get out of 
the way. 

(5) *. A contriTance in the 
dairy districts of Suffolk, into 
which the cow's head is put while 
she is milked, is called a balk or 

(6) Balks, straight young trees 
after they are felled. Far. diaL 

(7) " To be thrown ourt' balk," 
to be published in the chnrch. 
••To hing ourt' balk," marriage 
deferred after publication. Yorksh. 

(8) A division of lands in an open 
field. *^ 

(9) To balk a hare, to pass one 
on her form or seat without 
seeing her. Norf. 

Lcarn'd and judicious Lord, if I should 

Thyne honorM name, it being in my way, 
My muse unworthy were of such a WHlke, 
Where honor's branches make it ever May. 
J>(ma, Scourge of Folly, 1611. 

IBalke. (1) To leave a balk in 

But so wel halte no man the ploeh. 
That he ne 6att(?/Aotherwile 

Oower, MS. Soc. Jntiq, 


(2) (J.^s.) To belch. 

Balfyng, sum is fmoki and hoot, hnl 
sum is sour ; the flrste cometh of fieato 
and of hotto humours that ben in tli« 
Stomak, the secounde is of coold hu- 
mours either of feble heate of the stomak 
Medical MS. qftke 16M ceuL 

(3) To be angry. Reyn. ike Fotee, 
Balkbr, a. (1) A little piece of 

wood by which the mowers smooth 
the edges of their scythes after 
the whetstone has been used. It 
is commonly fastened to the end 
of the sneyde by a pin. Devon. 
(2) A great beam. East 

Balkbas, *. Persons who stand on 
elevations near the sea-coast, at 
the season of herring fishing, to 
make signs to the fishermen 
which way the shoals pass. 

Balking, ». A ridge of earth. 

BALit-PLOUGHiNG, *. A mode of 
ploughing, in which ridges are 
left at intervals. East 

Balks, a. The hay-loft. Cheek, 
Sometimes, the hen-roost. 

Balk-staff, s. A quarter-staff. 

Ball, (I) adj. Bald. Somerset 

(2) a. The pupil of the eye. 
**Ball, or apple of the eye/' 
Huhet, 1552. 

(3) *. Cry ; lamentation. 

Sou after, wen l.c was halle, 
Then began io slak liyr ialle. 

Gny of IFarioick, Middlekitl MS. 

(4) a. The palm of the hand- 

(5) s. The round part at the bot- 
tom of a horse's foot. See Florio, 
in v. CdUo. 

(6) s. The body of a tree. Lane 

(7) t>. To cohere, as snow to the 
feet. Northampt 

(8) t;. To beat a person with a 
stout stick, or with the hand, 

Ballace, V, (supposed to be from 
A.'S. beklastan, to load a ship.) 
To stuffL ' 




mth mm g^U'd trnnk, Mla^4 ihXh itntw 

Had sto^e, 
Left for the pawn of his provision. 

Sp. HaU's Sativu, iv. B. 

Ballad, v. To sing or compose 

BALLADE&, s. A maker of ballads. 
Balladin, 9. (/v.) A kind of 

BalladbTi t* Tbe subject or style 

of ballads. 
BAL¥.ANqB, «. {4'^N') This word 

was formerly regarded as a 


A pair of hallanee. 

Barckhy's Summum Bonumt P* 4S1 . 

Are there batitnee here, to weigh 

The flesh? M. of ^ enieet ir, 1. 

Ball ANT, «. A ballad. North, 
Ballard, «. A castrated ram. 

Ballart, 9. A name for tbe hare. 

ReUq. Jntig., i, 133. 
Ballast, a. A ruby. See Bakijfs, 
Ballat, 9. A ballad. North. 
Ballatron, 9. (Lat. battatro.) A 

rascal ; a thief. Miwheu, 
Ballatrough,9, Afoolish prating 

fellow. Dev. 
Ballatrt, 9. {Ital.) A ^^^$1 ^^ 

jig. Milton. 
Balls, (1)9. The bead. Chancer . 

(2) V. To howl, ** I balle as a 

curre dogge dothe, Jf hurtf.** 

BkLLED, adj. Bald. 
Ballvdnpssb, 9. Baldness. 
Ballbnobr, li 9.( 4.-N.) A small 
BALLiNOBB, j sailing vessel used 

in ancient times, 
Ballbrao, Iv. To banter; to 
BULLIRA9, J abuse; to scold. Vgr. 


Ballbssb, 9. Ballast, ffuhet. 

Balteut or laatage for shippes, u^rra, 


Balliards, 9. The game of bil- 

Ball.monbt,#. '* Money demanded 
of a iiianiag« company, and given 

to prcrent their being maltrealad. 
In the North it is customary for 
a party to attend at the church 
gates, after a wedding, to enforce 
this claim. The gift has re- 
ceived this denomination, aa 
being originally designed for the 
purchaseof a foot-ball." Broehett. 

Ball-numy, fnven by a new bride to her 
old play-ftllows. latUet' Dieiumary, 10M 

Ballock-orass, 9. Theherb dogs'- 
stonea. Gerarde. 

Ballocks, 1 9. (J.'N.) Testiculi. 
BALLOKS, I The word occurs fre- 
BALL0X8, J quently in early medi- 
cal receipts. Sometimes called 
baHoh'Stonet. ** Hie testiculus, a 
bahi ston. Hie piga, a balok 
hod:* Nommale, MS.,lbth cent. 
It appears from Palsgrave's Aco- 
lastus, 1540, that ballocko-otoneo 
was a term of endearment. 

Also take an erbe that growith in wodes, 
and ii lick an neitle, and it is the 
lengthe of a cubite ether ther aboute, 
and hath as it were haUok stoonei 
aboute the roote. 

Medical MS. tf tU 16a •nU, 

Balloc broth, "l 9. A kind of 

liAiiOK-BROTHB, J broth described 

in the following receipt : 

Balloe iroM.— Take eelys, and hilde 
hem, and kerre hem to pecys, and do 
liem to seeth in water and wyne, so that 
it be a litel over-stepid. Bo thereto 
sawge and oothir erbis, with ft w <^oni 
y-iuynced. Whan the eelis bath soden 
ynowj, do hem in a vessel; take a 
pyke, and kerve it to gobettet, and 
seeth hym in the same broth ; do thereto 
powdor gyn^er, Kalyng;ale, canel, and 
peper; salt it, ana cast the eelys there- 
to, and messa it forth. 

TcnM qf Cmjl^-^.\%, 

BALLOK-KNTy, 9. A knife hung 
from the girdle. Piere PI. 

Balloon,! 9. (/V.) A large in- 
BALOON, j dated ball of strong 
leather, used in a game of the 
same name, introdueed Arom 
IVance, and thus described in a 
book entitled Country CotUents: 
** A strong and moveing sport in 




the open fields, with a ^reat ball 

of double leather filled with wind, 

and driven to and fro with the 

strength of a man's arm, armed 

with a bracer of wood." 

While others have been at the hMoon, 
I have been at my books. 

Ben Jon., Fox, ii, 8. 

Minsheu, under Braeer^ speaks 

of a wooden bracer worn on the 

arm by baloon playen^ ** which 

noblemen and princes use to 

play/' In the play of Eastward 

Hoe, Sir Petronel Flash says, 

*' We had a match at baloon too 

with my Lord Whackum, for 

foar crowns;" and adds, "0 

sweet lady, 'tis a strong play with 

the arm."* O, PL, iv, 21 i. 

Faith, from those bumB,^bich she throagh 

lightnesse setts 
(For ballonebalU) to hire, to all that play, 
Who most in time quite volley them away. 
Davies, Scourge of tdUy, 1611. 

Sallop, Iff. The front or flap of 
BALLUP, J smallclothes. Norihumb, 
BAhLoWf (l) adj, (A,'S,) Gaunt; 
bony ; thin. 

Whereas the baUow nag outstrips the 
winds in chase. 

Drayton, Polyottion, song iii. 

(2) V, To select or bespeak ; used 
by boys at play, when they select 
a goal or a companion of their 
^anie. North. 

(3) 8. A pole ; a cudgel. North, 
*'A bailer, malleus ligneus quo 
glebae franguntur." Huloet. 

(Ball-stell, ff. A geometrical 
quadrant, called in Latinized 
form baUa^teUa. Nomenclator, 

Ball-stone, 8. A local name in 
Shropshire for a measure of iron- 
stone which lies neat the sur- 
face ; a kind of limestone found 
near Wenlock. 

Ball-thistl-b, ff. A species of 
thistle. Gerard, 

Ballv, ff. (A.'S,) Miscluef j sor- 
row. See Bile, 


Ballum-rancum, #. A lieentioMa 
dancing party. An old slang 

He makes a very good odd-man st 
Ml»m-raneum, or so ; that is, when the 
rest of the company is ceupled, wiU 
take can to see there^s pood attendnnce 
paid. Otway, Tke AtkeUt, 1684. 

Ballup. See BaUep, 

Ballt, (1) t. A lit4«r of pigs. 


(2)9. To swell or grow distended. 


(3) adj. Comfortable. We8t, 
Ballys, 1 


Balmbr, t. If net a corruption, 
this word, in the Chester Plays, 
i, 172, seems to designate some 
kind of coloured cloth. "Bar- 
rones in balmer and byse." 

Balneal, tidj. (Lat.) Refreshing. 

Balnt, 9. {Lat, balneum.) A bath. 

Balo, 8, A beam in bnudings; 
any piece of squared timber. EmL 

Balon, 8, {Fr,} Whalebone. 

Balotade, ff. (Fr.) An attempt 
made by a horse to kick. 

Balourolt, ff. A sort of broth. 

For to make a halourgly broth. Tak 
pikys, and spred Item abord, and helys 
^if thou hast, fle hem, and ket hem in 

fobbettys, and seth hem in alf wyn and 
alf in water. Tak np the pykys and 
elys, and hold hem bote, aud. draw the 
broUi thorwe a clothe; do powder of 
gyngever, peper, aud ealyngHle, and 
canel, into the broth, andboyle yt; and 
do yt on the pykys and on the elys, 
and serve yt forth. 

Warner, Jntiq. Culin., p. 40. 

Balou^t, (A.'S.) prep. About. 
Balow. (1) a nursery term. North, 

(2) ff. {A.-S.) A spirit ; properly, 

an evil spirit. 
Balow-brgth, ff. Probably the 

same as balloek-broth, 
Baloyngb, ff. 

ISyther arm an elne long, 
jBaloynge meugeth al by-mong, 
Ise baum ys hire bleo. 

Jofrie Fo0try,^.2l$ 




Bals AH- APPLE, 8. The name of an 

herb. Florio, v. Car^nza, 
Balsamum, 1 «. (Fr,) Balsam. 

BALSAM INT, J Shokesp. 

Balsomats, adj^ Embalmed. Har^ 

dynp*8 ChroH, 
Balstapf, 8, A large pole or staff. 

See BaUs-Etvf. 
Balter, v. To cohere togd^ter, 


(2) To dance about; to caper. 

Morte Arthure, 
Baluster, 8. (Fr.) A bannister. 
Balwe, (1)«. (A.'S^halewe,) Evil; 

mischief; sorrow. 

(2) adj. Plain; smooth. Pr, P. 
Baly, (1) 8. {A.'S.) Evil; sorrow. 

(2) 8. {a..S.) The belly. 

(3) *. {A.'N.) A bailiff. 

Balye, 8. {A.'N.) DorainioB. 
B >t for he sau him noht bot maa, 
Godhed in him wend lie war xutn, 
Forth! he fanded ithenlye 
To harl him til his halve. 

Cursor Mundt, MS. Ed., t. 54. 

Balyship, a. The office of a baihff. 
Baly8hyp : Baliatus. Pr, P, 

Balzan, 8. (Fr.) A horse with 
white feet. HoweU. 

Bal^e, adj. (A.'S.) Ample ; swell* 

Bam, 8. (1) A story which is in- 
vented to deceive or jeer, probably 
an abbreviation of bamboozle, 
(2) V, To make fun of a person. 

Bamble, V, To walk unsteadily. 

Bamboozle, v. To deceive; to 
make fun of a person. Some- 
times it is used in the sense of to 

Bam BY, adj. By and by. Devon, 

Bamchiches, 8. "ArietiiUt the 
chiches called bamchiches,*' Florio, 

Bame, 8. Balm. 

B A M M EL, 9. To beat ; to pommel. 

Ban, (1) t^. (A.'N.) To curse. 

And here upon my knees, striking the 

I hm their Bonis to everlasting pains. 

UmtIow** Jew <^ lUiU, 

(2) a. A curse. 

(3) a. An edict; a proclamation. 

Hiat was the iait of Keniagwurthe, that 

was lo this, 
That ther aeasolde of heie men deseri'.ed 

be none. 
That hadde i-holde a^e tiM king, bote the 

erl of Leicetre one. Eoh. GImic, p. 668. 

(4) a. A summons ; a citation. 

Of y« roonde table ys htm aboute he seode. 
That e^ea^y tesonetjd to Carleon wende. 

Bob. GUmc, p. 188. 

(5) V. To shut out; to stop. 

(6)«. A kind of dumpling. Xarae. 
Band, a. (A.-S) (1) A bond ; an 
engagement or covenant. 

(2) pret, t, of binde. Bound. 

On slepe fast yit sho him fande. 
His hors until a tre sho handt 
And hastily to him sho yede. 

Vvmine und Gawimt L 1779. 

(3) a. Imprisonment. 

His moder dame Alienore, and the barons 

of this land. 
For him travailed sore, and broulit him oni 

of hoMd. Limgtoft'» €hron.. p. 20L 

{4^ a. String or twine. Var. dial* 

(5) a. A hyphen. 

(6) a. An article of dress for the 
neck, worn comoaonly by gen- 

His shirt he cfaaungeth, as the moone dotfli 

fiis band is starched with grease, french- 

russet cleare. 

Dairies^ Scourge of FoUy, 1611. 

Some iBundresse we also will eatreate. 
For bannes and ruffes, which kindnes to be 

We will eonfesse, vea -and reauite it too. 

Eowkuuu, Kmae of Spades, 1613. 

(7) t. A space of ground twenty 
yards square. North, 

(8) a. The neck feathers of a 
cock. Holme, 

Band-box, a. Originally a box for 
bands and other aiticles of dress 
which required to be kept from 
rumpling and crushing. 

Band-case, a. A band-box. 

By these within a band-case lies thy ruffe. 
And next to that thy brush, and then thj 
mnffe. Creadej^s Amettda^ p. 81. 




BANDBD-MAiLfi. A kind of amiour, 
formed of alternate rows of 
leather or cotton, and single 

Bandel, «. {A.-N.) A little band 
for wrapping round anything. 

Banorlekr, 1 8. {t\r. bandouil' 
BANDOLRRR, wiertf.) Abroad belt 
BANDiLERO, J of leather* worn by 
a musqueteer, over the left 
shoulder, to which were hung, 
besides other implements, ten or 
twelve small cylindrical boxes, 
each containing a charge of pow- 
der. The charge-boxes were also 
called bandeleert, Sylvester calls 
the zodiac a bandeleer : 

What shall I ny of that bright htmdeUer 
Which twice six signs mo riehly garnish 

LuBart. P. iv, Day 2, Week 8. 

Bandelet, a. A band, or flilet ; a 
narrow scarf. " Cidrp^t any kind 
of scarfe or bemtUlet" Fhrio. 

bIn"™.}^'^-'- Bound. 

Bandees, f. Associators; con* 

Bandish, a. A bandage. North* 

Bamo-kitt, s, a large wooden 
vessel, with a cover to it. In 
Yorkshire it is said to be known 
by the name of hoW'kitt ; and in 
Lincolnshire, of ben-kit. 

Bandlb, 0. To bind round; to 
encircle with a scarf. 

Bando< a. A proclamation. Shirley. 

Bandoo, a. A fierce kind of dog, 
conjectured by some to have been 
thus named because it was always 
kept tied up on account of his 
fierceness. Bewick describes it 
as a cross breed between the 
mastiff and bulldog. 

But, Grains, if thy sole repute bee bralling : 
A handogge is tliy better, by his bHiIing. 
Jknut, 8eo»r$e ^ JMi^, 1611. 

Bandon, «. {A.'N,) Dprninion; 
aubjection; dispoaat 

IfeFfi, queth, ich me y«ld« 
Becreaniit to the id this felde, 
8o harde the smitest upon me knnrn. 
Ich do me alle in thy bandowi 
i B«9e» qf HMmfaim,.^. 4SL 

, BAin>ORE, a. (ItaL pandmre.) A 

musical instrument, very similar 

in form to a guitar, but whether 

strung with wires like that, or 

with catgut, like the lute, we are 

not told. 
Bandorf, a. A penon banner. 

Bandovit, a. {P^. bimdeau.) A band 

round the head, worn especially 

by widows. 
Bandroll, a. (JV*.) A small ban- 

ner, or pennon, fixed neur the 

point of a lance. 
Bands, a. (1) The hinges of a 

door. North. 

(2) The rings of a hinge. They 

speak of '* hooks and bmtdt.** 

Bandsters, a. Those who bind the 

sheaves in reaping. North. 
Bandstrino, a. The string or tas- 

sell appendant to the band or 


They were to stand mannerly forsooth, 
one naiid at their hoHdHring, the other 
behind thebreeoh. Aubnjf. 

BandstrinOvTWIST, a. A kind of 
hard twist made of bleached 
thread thrice laid, used in making 
laces for females. 

Bandstrot, a. A charm. 

Banot, (1) a. A game played with 
sticks called bandies, bent and 
round at one end, and a small 
wooden ball. 

(2) V. To tosa a ball, a term at 

(3) V. To Join in a faction. 

(4) adj. Flexible; without sub* 
stance ; applied to bad cloth. 
(6) a A hare. Eaat, 

(6) 8. The small fish called a 
stickleback. Northampt. 
Bandt-hewit, #. A little bandy 
lagged dog; a twrnapit. 




Bandt-ho8hoe,«. a game at ball, 
common in Norfolk. 

Bandylan,«. Abad woman. North, 

Bandt-wicket, ff. Tbe game of 
cricket, played witb a bandy in- 
stead of a bat. Biui, 

Bank, (1) v. {ji,'S. ban,) A bone. 

(2) V. To poison. 

(3) a. {A,'S. bana.) A murderer. 

(4) s. (A.mS,) Destruction. 

(5) a^. Courteous; friendly. 

(6) Near; convenient. North. 

(7) 9. In Somersetshire and the 
adjacent counties this is the name 
given to the disease in sheep, 
commonly called rottenness. 
(S)v. To afflict with a bad disease. 
West. This term is not applied 
exclusively to animals. 

(9) s. {A.^N.) A proclamation 
by sound of trumpet. 

Berkenet nowe, hendie siref^ 
te han herde ofte 
Wich a cri has be cried 
Thortli cuntres feU, 
Thurtli IfCBt of themperoiNT 
That hath Rome to kepe, 
That what man upon molde 
Mi5tOQwnr fiiide 
Ttto I^reme wite barcf, 
The bane is to maked 
He srhold wiune hit waresopi 
To weld for evere. 

Wm<m find the Werwolf, p. 81. 

Jke. No, I forbid 
The hanei of death : you shall live man and 

Tojfx «cor9 is now sn^fidentlv revengU 


** bans of a play, or marriage : 
Banna, preludium.'' Prompt. 
Parv. In Somerset they still call 
the banns of matrimony banes. 
See Bains4 

Banebbbrt, 9. The herb Christo- 
pher ; the winter cherry. 

Ranbd, adj. Age-stricken. 

Banehound, v. To make believe ; 
to intend ; to suspect. Somerset. 

Bansrbb. The bearer of a banner. 

Banes. ** Yew banes /' no difficulty, 
quickly dispatched. Northumb. 

Banewort, s. The plant night« 

Bang, (1) v. To strike; to shut 
with violence. 

(2) To go with rapidity. Cumb. 

(3) s. A blow. 

(4) s. A stick ; a club. North* 

(5) V. To surpass, to beat. 

(6) **lvL a bang,'* in a hurry. 

(7) s. A hard cheese made of milk 
several times skimmed. Suffolk. 

Bano-ApBDNk, V. To lie lazily on 

a bank. Staffordsh. 
Bano-begoar, s, (1) a beadle. 


(2) A vagabond, a term of re- 

Bangs, s. Light rain. Essex. 
Banger, s. (1) A large personi 

(2) A hard blow. Shrop^h. 

(3) A great falsehood. 
Banging, adj. Unusually large ; ai 

a barony child. 
Bangle, (1) it. To spend one's 
money foolishly. Lane, 

(2) s. A large rough stick. 

(3) V. Tlie edge of a hat is said to 
bangle when it droops or hangs 
down. Norf. 

Banoled, part. p. Corn or young 

shoots, when beaten about by the 

rain or wind, are bangled. East 
Bangle-eared, a4if« Having loose 

and hanging ears. 
Bangstraw, s. a nick-name for a 

thresher, but applied to all the 

servants oif a farmer. 
Bang-up, s. A substitute for yeast. 

Bangy, adj. Dull ; gloomy. Essex. 
Banis, s {A.'S.) Destruction. 
Banish, v. To look smooth and 

bright. Sussex. 
Bank, (I) v. To beat. Devon. 

(2) V. To coast along a bank. 

(3) A term in several old games. 

(4) «. A piece of unslit fir-woo^ 




from four to ten inches square, 
and of any length. Bailey, 
(5) 8. A dark thick cloud behind 
which the sun goes down. 

Bankafalet, «. An old game at 
cards mentioned in ** Games most 
in Use," Lond. 1701. 

Bankagb, 9. A duty for making 

Banker, a. (1) {ji.-N.) A carpet, 

or covering of tapestry for a 

form, bench, or seat ; any kind of 

small coverlet. 

The king to souper ia set, nerved in halle. 
Under a siller or alike, dayntyly dight ; 
With all worshipp and M'ele, mewlth the 

Briddea branden, and brad, in banktrs 

bright. Gawan mnd Galahn, ii, 1. 

(2) a. A stonemason's bench. 

(3) An excavator. Line. 
Banker, \8. A pile of stones raised 

BiNKER, J by masons for the pur. 
pose of placing upon it the stone 
they may be working. lAue, 

Banket, a. A banquet. 

Bank-hook, a. A large fish-hook, 
baited, and attached by a line to 
the bank. Shropah* 

Bank* juo, a. The name of a bird ; 
according to some, the nettle- 
creeper ; according to others, the 
chiff-chaff. The name is also 
applied to the hay-bird. Leicest. 

Bankrout, 1(1) 9. (Fr.) A 

BANauEROuT, J bankrupt. 

Nor shall I e'er believe or think thee dead. 

Though mist, until our bankrout stage be 

sped. Leon. Digges. Prolog, to Sh. 

Of whom, I think, it may be truly said. 
That hee'll prove banqu«rout\n.t\^Ty trade. 

Hon. Ghost, p. 4. 

And to be briefe, I doe conjecture that 
in this yeare will happen too many dis- 
honest practises by oankrowtSt worthy 
the halter for a reward. 

Almanack, 1616. 

(2) a. Bankruptcy. 

An unhappy master is he, that is made 
cunning by many shipwracks ; a mise- 
table mermant, tiiat is neither rich nor 
vise, but atier some bankrouts. 

Atclum, ScholtM^ ^ it. 


(3) V. To become bankrupt. 

He that wins empire with the loss of faith^ 
Out-buies it, and will bankrout. 

Thorpe^ Byrun** (knupiraep. 

Banks, a. The seat on which the 
rowers of a boat sit ; the sidea 
of a vessel. 

Banksman, a. One who superin- 
tends the busineu of the coal 
pit. Derbysh, 

Bank-up, v. To heap up. Devon, 

Bankt, (1) a^. Having banks. 
A banky piece, a field with banks 
in it. Hertf, 

(2) V. To bank, *' I dont bemJcy, 
i. e., I dont keep accounts with a 
banker. Somerset. 

Banles, adj. Without bones. 

Banns, v. {A.-N.) To ban; to 
curse ; to banish. 

Banner, a. {A.-N.) A body of 
armed men, varying from twenty 
to eighty. 

Bannebbll, a. (A.-N.) A little 
streamer or flag. 

Bannerer, 8. A standard-bearer. 

Bannering, a. An annual peram- 
bulation of the bounds of a parish. 

Bannerol, a. The same as damfro/. 

BANNET-HAT,a. Arick-yard. Wilts, 

BANNEY,a. St. Barnabas. /. Wight. 

Bannian, 8. A sort of dressing 
gown, used in the last century. 

Bannick, V. To beat; to thrash. 

B annikin, 8. A small drinking cup. 

Bannin, a. That which is used for 
shutting or stopping. Somerset. 

Bannis, 8, A stickleback. Wilte. 

Bannition, a. The act of expulsion. 

Bannisters, a. Persons (with 
passes) who received money from 
the mayor to enable them to de- 
part out of the limits of his juris- 

Bannock, 1 A thick round cake 
bannack, j of bread, made of oat- 
meal, kneaded with water only, 
with the addition sometimes oi 




tretde, and baked in the embers. 
A kind of hard ship biscuit some- 
times goes under this name. 

Tkeir bread and drinke I had almost 
forgotten ; indeed it was not riiske as 
the Spaniards use, or oaten-calces, or 
ktm iMc ks, as in North Britaine, Bor 
bisket as Englishmen eate. 

Tmylor'i Works, 16Sa 

Bannxtt, », A walnut. 9Fett, 
Banniowk, Is, A banner-bearer. 
BANNiBR, J Bmnnyovor or banner 
berer: Vexillarius. Prompt. Parv, 
BANauET, «. (1) What we now 
call a dessert, was in earlier times 
often termed c banquet ; and was 
usually placed in a separate room, 
to which the guests removed 
when they had dined. The com- 
mon place of banqueting t or eat- 
ing the dessert, was the garden- 
house or arbour, with which 
almost every dwelling was fur- 

We'll dine in the great room, bat kt the 

Aud hMnquet be prepared here. 

Massing.^ Untuit.Comh. 

The dishes were raised one upon another 
As woodmongers do billets, for the first, 
The second, and third course ; and most of 

the shops 
Of the best eonfectioners in London ran- 
To furnish oat a banquet. 

Mass., City Madame ii, 1. 

Oh, easy and pleasant way to glory I 
From our bed to our glass ; from our 
glass to our board ; from our dinner to 
oar pipe ; from our pipe to a visit ; from 
a visit to a supper ; from a supper to a 
play ; from a play to a banquet ; from 
a banquet to oar bed. Bp. HalVs Works. 

(2) Part of the branch of a 

horse's bit. 
BANauETER, «. (1) A feaster; one 

who lives deliciously. 

(2) A banker. Huloet. 
Banrbnt, 1 a. A banneret; a 
BANRET, J noble. 
Banshbn, 0. To banish. Pr. P. 
Bansbl, 9, To beat ; to punish. 

Bansucklb, «. The stickleback. 

Asperagns (qiuedam piscis) 1 

banstykyU. Ortut Vocab. In 

Wiltshire it is called a bantiele. 
Bantam WORK, 8% A showy kind 

of painted or carved work. Aih, 
Ban WORT, *. {A.-S.) The violet. 
Bany, adj. Bony. North. 
Bantan-dat, t. A sea term for 

those days on which no meat is 

allowed to the sailors. 
Banino, a. A name for soma 

kind of bird. 
Banzbll, a. A ion§^ lazy fellow. 

Baon, «. See Baton, 
Bap, 8. A piece of baker*8 bread, 

of the value of from one penny to 

twopence. North, 
Bapteme, «. Baptism. 
Baptists, a. Baptism. 
Bar, (1) 8, (A,'S.) A boar. 

(2) a. A baron. Rob. GUme, 

(3) adj. Bare ; naked. North, 

(4) pret, t, of bere. Bore. 

(5) 8, A joke. North. 

(6) p. To shut ; to close. North. 

(7) V, To bar a die, a phrase used 
amongst gamblers. 

(8) V. To make choice of (a 
term used by boys at play). 

(9) 8, A feather in a hawk's wing. 

(10) a. A horseway up a hill. 

Bara-picklet, a. Bread made of 
fine flour, leavened, and made 
into small round cakes. 

Barathrum, a. {Lat.) (1) An 
(2) An insatiate eater. 

Baratour, ff. (J,'N.) A quarrel- 
some person. 

BarraUmrt : Pngnax, rixosus, jurgosus. 

Prompt. Part 

Baratous, adj. Contentions. 

Baratne, a. A barren hind. 

Barb, v, (A,'N.) (1) To shave, or 
to dress the hair and beard. To 
barb money, to clip it; to bari 
A lobster, to cut it up. 



(2) Metaphorically, to mow. 

Tb« BtoopiiiK 8cytlie*man, that doth harb 

the field 
^hoa mak'it wink-rare. 

Marst. MaleoHtml, It, 68. 

(3) 9. A kind of hood or muffler, 
m hich covered the lower part of 
the face and shoulders. Accord- 
ing to Strutt, it was a piece of 
white plaited linen, and belonged 
properly to mourning, being ge- 
nerally worn under the chin. 

(4) Florio has ** BarboncelU, the 
barbe$ or little teates in the 
mouth of some horses.^' 

(5) The armour for horses. 

(6) The feathers under the beak 
of a hawk were called the barb 

(7) The edge of an axe. Gawayne, 

(8) The points of arrows are 
called barbez, in Sir Gawayne. 

'barbart, } •• ^ ^"'"'y '"'■«• 
Barbalot, f. (1) A puffin. 

(2) The barbel. 
BAaBARiN,a. The barberry. Pr,P. 
Barbed, adj. Caparisoned with 

military trappings and armour. 

Spoken of war-horses. 
Barbbd-cat, f . A warlike engine. 

For to mftke i^ F^^'i^^y holde, that men 
calle a barbed catle', and a bewfnty that 
shal have ix. fadoine of lengthe and two 
fadonie of brede, and tbe said catte six 
fiidpme of lengthe and two of brede, 
shal be ordeyned all squarre wode for 
the same aboute foure liondred fadoni, 
a thousand of borde, x^iiq. roUes, and 
a grete quantyt6 of sraalle wode, 

Vaxton's Fegeeitu, Big. I, 6. 

Barbbl, «. (A.'N.) A small piece 
of armour protecting part of the 
Barber, v. To shave or trim the 

beard. Shaketp, 
Barbbr-monoer, 8. A fool. 
Barbican, 1 s. When the siege 
BARBECAN, > of a castlc was an- 
barbacan,J ticipated, the de- 
fenders erected wooden pal- 

ing and other tiro1>er work te 
advanee of the entrance gateway, 
assuming often the form of a 
small fortress, where they could 
hold the enemy at bay for some 
time before it was necessary to 
defend the gate itself; and thej 
also placed wood-work before the 
windows, which protected those 
who were shooting out of them. 
Either of these was called a 
barbieanf a word which, and 
therefore probably the practice, 
was derived from the Arabic The 
advanced work covering the 
gateway was afterwards made 
of stone, and thus became per- 
manent. When the old aystem 
of defending fortresses went out 
of use, the original meaning of 
the word was forgotten, and the 
way in which the word was used 
in the older writers led to some 
confusion. It is explained by 
Spelman: **A fort, hold, or 
munition placed in the front o' 
a castle, or an out-work. Also a 
hole in the wall of a city or cas- 
tle, through which arrows or 
darts were cast; also a watch- 
tower." The temporary wooden 
defences on the top of the walla 
and towers were called bre^ 

Barblbs, 9. Small vesicular tin- 
gling pimples, such as those 
caused by nettles. Eatt. The term 
was also applied to knots in the 
mouth of a horse. See Barb (4). 

Barborannx, #• The barberry. 

Barborbrt, f. A barber's shop. 
Prompt, Parv, 

Barbs, s. Military trappings. 

Babbwig, 9, A kind of periwig. 

B ARC ART, 8, {A.rN,) A shcep- 
cote ; a sheep-walk. 

Barcb, a. A stickleback. Ywrkah, 

Harcelbt, a. A species of bow. 
Gaw» ? A hound. See Bar^U 




Bard, t. (A.*N.) (1) The warlike 
trapping of a horse. The bards 
consisted of the following piecei : 
the chamfron, chamfrein, or shaf- 
firon ; the crinieres or main facre ; 
the poitrenal, poitral or breast- 
plate; and the croupiere or but- 
tock piece. 

(2) adj. Tough. Rob, Ghue, 
(3)part.p» Barred; fastened. 

Bajldash, t. (Fr,) An unnatural 

Bar'd catbr-tra, or more pro- 
perly, barred ptatre trots. The 
name for a sort of false dice, so 
constructed that the quatre and 
4roi$ shall very seldom come up. 

Where faUam high and low men bore great 

With the quicke faelbe of a bard eater trey, 
Taylor's Trav. ofli pence, p. 7S. 

Such be also call'd bard eater treas, be- 
caase commonly the longer end will of 
his own sway drawe downewards, and 
tume up to the eie sloe, sincke, deuce, 
or ace. The principal use of them is at 
novum, for so long a oaire of bard eater 
treae be walking on tiie bourd, so lon^ 
can ye not cast five uor nine unlets it 
be by a great chance. 


Bardbd, pret. p. Equipped with 

military trappings or omamenta* 

applied to horses. 

For at all alarmes he vms the ^t man 
armed, and that at all points, and his 
horse ev«r barded. 

Gominei Hist, by Iktnet, 1696. 

Bardsllo, a. (ItttL) The quilted 
saddle wherewith colts are 

Bardolf, a. An ancient dish in 


Bardolf. Take almond mylk, and draw 
hit up thik with vemage, and let hit 
boyle,and braune of capons braied, and 
put therto; and cast therto tngre, 
Clowes, maces, pynes, and ginger, 
mynced; and take chekyns parboyled, 
and chopped, and pnl of the skyn, and 
boyle al ensemble, and in the settvnge 
doune from the fire put therto a lyiti 
vynegur alaied with ponder of ginger, 
and a lytel water of everose, and make 
the potage hanginge, and serve hit 
iMTtba. lF«rM«r, Antiq. CWtii., p. 84. 

Bardous, adj, {Lat, burdus*) Sim- 
ple; foolish. 

Bards, a. Strips of bacon used in 

Bare, {I) adj. (A.-S.) Mere. 

(2) adv. Barely. 

(3) V. To shave. Shakesp, 

(4) adj. Bareheaded. 

(5) «. A mixture of molten iron 
and sand, lying at the bottom of 
a furnace. Shropah. 

(6) a, A piece of wood which a 
labourer is sometimes allowed to 
carry home. Suffolk, 

(7) A boar. See Bar. 

(8) A bier. 

(9) A place without grass, made 
level for bowling. 

Bareahond, v. To assist. North. 
Barb-barlet, a. Naked barley, 

whose ear is shaped like barley, 

but its grain like wheat without 

any husk. An old Staffordshire 

Bare-bubs, a. A bovish term for 

the unfledged young of birds. 

Bare-buck, a, A buck of six years 

old. Northampt. 
Barbgnawn, adj. Eaten bare. 
Barehides, a. A kind of covering 

for carts, used in the 16th cent. 
Barelle, a. {} Fr.) A bundle. 
Barely, adv. Unconditionally ; 

Barbn, (1) pret. t. ph of bere. 

They bore. 

(2) V. To bark. 
Barbn HOND, «. To intimate. 

Barb-pump, «. A small piece of 

hollow wood or metal to pump 

liquid out of a cask. 
Barbs, a. Those parts of an image 

which represent the bare flesh. 
Baret, a. {A.'N,) (1) Strife ; con« 


(2) Trouble; sorrow. 
BarbtntI, «. Barrenness Pr, P. 
Barf, a. A hill. Yorkah. 




Bauvhame, 9. The neck-collar of 
a horse. Durham. 

Barfrat, ». A tower. Sec Betfrey, 

Barful, adj. FuH of bars or im- 
pediments. Shakeup, 

Bargain, 9. (A.-N,) (1) An in- 
definite number or quantity of 
anything, aa a load of a waggon. 

(2) If 9 a bargahu, it'» no con- 
sequence. Lmc. 

(3) A small farm. /. Wiffhf 
and Northampt, 

(4) A tenement, so called in the 
county of Cornwall , which usually 
consisted of about sixty acres of 
ploughed land, if the land were 
good, or more if barren. See 
Carlisle's -<^cc. of CAanYw*, p. 288. 

(5) An unexpected reply, tend- 
ing to obscenity. To sell a bar^ 
gairif to make indelicate repartees. 

No maid at court is less asham'd, 
Howe'er for selliog bargmns fam'd. 


Baroaine, 9, Contention ; strife. 

Bargainer, «. One who makes a 

Bargain-work, t. Work by the 
piece, not by the day. Leicest, 

Bargander, 9, A brant-goose. 

Bargant, 9. A hargain. Pr, P. 

Bargaret, 1 «. (^A.-N.) A kind 
barginet, J of song or ballad, 
perhaps of a pastoral kind, from 

Barge, (1)9. A fat, heavy person ; 
a term of contempt. Exmoor, 
A blow-maunger barge^ a fiat, 
blob-cheeked person, one who 
puffs and blows while he is eat- 
ing, or like a hog that feeds on 
whey and grains, stuffs himself 
with whitepot and flummery. 
(2) A highway up a steep hill. 

Barge-boaro, 9. The front or 
facing of a barge-course, to con- 

ceal the barge conples, latBt, 

tiles, &c. 
Barge -couPLB, 9. One beam 

framed intoanother to strengthen 

the building. 
Barge-course, 9. A part of the 

tiling or thatching of a roof, 

projecting over the gable. 
Barge-DAT, 9. Ascension-day. 

Baroer, 9. The manager of a 

Bakoet, 9. (/v.) A little barge. 
Bargh, 9. (1) A horseway up a 

hill. North. 

(2) Abarrewhog. OrttuVoeabt, 
Bargh-mastbr, 9. See J3ar- 

Baroh-motb, 9. (A.'S.) The court 

for cases connected with the 

mining district. See Bar-nuuter, 
Bargood, 9. Yeast. Var. d. 
Barguest, 9. A goblin, armed 

with teeth and claws, believed 

in by the peasantry of the North 

of England. 
B ARHOLM, 9. " Collars for horses to 

drawe by, called in some coun- 

treves barftolmes. Tomices" 

Huloet, 1552. 
Barian, 9. {A.-N.) A rampart. 
Bar- ire, 9. A crow-bar. Devon. 
Bark, (1) 9. The tartar deposited 

by bottled wine or other liquor 

encrusting the bottle. Ea9t. 

(2) 9. The hard outside of 
dressed or undressed meat 

(3) 9. A cylindrical receptacle 
for candles; a candle-box. North, 

(4) Between the hark and the 
woodf a well-adjusted bargain, 
where neither party has the ad- 
vantage. Suffolk. 

(5) 9. A cough. Var. diaL 

(6) V. To cough. Su89ex. 

(7) V. To knock the skin off the 
legs by kicking or bruising them< 

Barkary, 9. Atan-hou8e» 




Barked lacf^'. Encrusted with 
BARKENED, J dirt. North. 
Barken, «. The yard of a house ; 
a farm-yard. South. For barton. 
Barker, t. (1) A tanner. 

What crafUman art thoii, said the king, 

I prave thee, tell me trowe: 
I am a l»rker, sir, by my trade ; 

Nowe telle me, what art thou ? 

jr. Ed. IV and Tanner, Percy. 

Barker : Cerdo, frunio. Barkares harke- 
water: Nantea. Barke powder for 
lethyr: I'runium. Barkinge of lethyr 
orledyr: fnmices. Barke lethyr: 
Frunio, tanno. Prompt. Farv. 

(2) A fault-finder. 

(3) The slang name for a pistol. 

(4) A marsh bird with a long 
bill. May, 

(5) A whetstone; a rubber. 

Babkfat, ff. A tanner's yat. 
Barkham, 9. A horse's collar. 

North, See Barkholm, 
Bakkleo, 8. Encrusted with dirt, 

applied particularly to the human 

skin. North* 
Babkman, ff. A boatman. Kersey. 
Bakksblb, ff. The time of strip- 
ping bark. 
Barkwater, ff. Foul water in 

which hides have been tanned. 
Bark-wax, ff. Bark occasionally 

found in the body of a tree. Eatt. 
Barlay, interj. Supposed to be a 

corruption of the French par hi. 
BARLEE6,ff. An old dish in cool^ery. 

Barleeg. Take creme of almondes, and 
alay hit with flour of rys, and cast 
thereto sngre, and let hit boyle, and 
■tere hit wel, and colour hit with saffron 
and Saunders, and make hit stondynge, 
and dresse hit up on leches in disshea, 
and serve hit forthe. 

Warner, Jntiq. CuHn., p. 88. 

Barlep, ff. A basket for barley. 
Prompt. P. 

Barley, v. To bespeak ; to claim. 

Barley-big, ff. A kind of barley, 
cultivated in the fenny districts 
of Norfolk and in the Isle of 
Ely. " Beere come, harley-bygye, 

or mon**ome,AehUleia9." Huloei^ 

Barley-bird, ff. The siskin. It 
is also called the cuckoo's mate* 
which see. Its first name is 
taken from the season of its ap- 
pearance, or rather of its being 
first heard; which is in barley- 
seed time, or early in April. Its 
chirp is monotonous, — tweet, 
tweet, tweet. The first notes of 
the nightingale are expected soon 
to follow, then those of the 
cuckoo. Moore's Suffolk MS. 

Barley-bottles, ff. Little bundles 
of barley in the straw, given to 

Barley-break, ff. An ancient 
rural game, played by six people, 
three of each sex, coupled by lot. 
A piece of ground, was divided 
into three compartments, of which 
the middle one was called heU, 
The couple condemned to this 
division were to catch the others, 
who advanced from the two ex- 
tremities; when this had been 
effected, a change of situation 
took place, and hell was filled by 
the couple who were excluded 
by pre-occupation from the other 
places. By the regulations of the 
game, the middle couple were 
not to separate before they had 
succeeded, while the others might 
break hands whenever they found 
themselves hard pressed. When 
all had been taken in turn, the 
last couple were said to be in 
heUf and the game ended. 
Jamieson, in barla-breikis, barley 
bracks, says, <*This innocent 
sport seems to be almost entirely 
forgotten in the South of Scot, 
land. It is also falling into 
desuetude in the North.'' He 
describes it thus : " A game ge- 
nerally played by young people 
in a corn yard. Hence called 
barla-brackSf about the stacks^ 




One stack is fixed on as the dule 
or goal ; and one person is ap- 
pointed to catch the rest of the 
company, who run out from the 
dmk. He does not leave it till 
they are all out of his srght. 
Then he sets out to catch tliem. 
Any one who is taken, cannot 
run out again with his former 
associates, being accounted a 
prisoner ; but is obliged to assist 
his captor in pursuing the rest. 
When all are taken, the game is 
finished; and he who is first 
taken is bound to act as catcher 
in the next game." 

sir john bar- 


9. Familiar and 
jocular names 
for ale, which 
is made of bar- 

ley. Barley-hree is, literally, bar- 
ley broth. 

Barlbt-bun, 9, A barley bunne 
gentleman, **a. gent, (although 
rich) yet lives with barley bread, 
and otherwise b&rely and hardly.'' 

Barlby-corn, «. Ale or beer. 

Barlby-hailes, s. The spears of 
barley. South, 

Barley-muno, 9. (from J.-S. 
mencgan^ to mix.) Barley meal 
mixed with water or milk, to 
fatten fowls or pigs. Ea^t, 

Barley-oylbs, 8, The beard or 
awning of barley. Berks. 

Barley-plum, «. A dark purple 
plum. West, 

Barlby-sebd-biro, f. The yellow 
water-wagtail. Yorksh, 

Barley-sele, 8. {A.'S.) The set- 
son of sowing barley. 

Barliche, «. Barley. 

Barlichood, f. The state of 
being ili-tempered from intoxi- 
cation. North, 

Barling, «. A lamprey. North, 

Barlings, «. Firepoles. Norf, 

Barm, «. (1) {A.'S, bearm,) The 
lap or bosom. 

And laide his heved on hire 
If ithoate doyuK of (Miy harme. 

(2) Yeast. 

B juma8ter,9. (^.-5.) Anoflicer 
in the mining districts; whose 
title is written berghmatter by 
Manlove in a passage cited from 
his poem on the Cuttoms qf the 
Mines, in the Craven Glogf., 
which brings it nearer to a word 
used in Germany for a like oflScer, 
bergmevtter. He is an agent of 
the lord of minerals, who grants 
mines and fixes the boundaries ; 
the term is in use in Derbv* 
shire, where, an ancient code 
of laws or customs regulating 
mines, &c., still prevails ; and in 

Barmb-clOth, 8. An apron. 

Barm fel, t. A leathern apron. 

Barm-hatrk, 8. Bosom attire, the 
garments covering the bosom. 

Barmote, 8. A bergmote. Derb, 

B ARMSKiN, 1 «. A leather apron. 
BASIN8KIN, j The skin of a sheep 
with the wool scraped or shaven 
off. There is a proverbial phrase, 
" Her smock's as dirty and greasy 
as a bamukin.*' To rightly ap- 
preciate this elegant simile, you 
must view a barmskin in the 
tanner's yard. Line, 

Barn. (1) (A.^S.) A child. Still 
used in the North. See BairfL 

(2) 8, A man. 

(3) 8. A baron. 

(4) a. A gamer. Wickhjfe, 

(5) V. To lay up in a barn. East. 

(6) part. a. Going. Yorksh, 

(7) V. To close or shut up. Oxf, 
Barnabas, 8, A kind of thistle. 
Barnabt, 8, In Suffolk they cal 

a lady-bird " Bishop Barnaby." 
Barnaby-bright, 8, The trivial 

name for St. Barnabas' day» 

June 11th, 
Barnacles, a. A popular term fot 





Barnacle-bind, 9. The tree pro- 
ducing the barnacles. 

Barn AGE, «. {A.-N.) The baronage. 

Barnd, part, p. Burnt. 

Barn-door>savaOe, 8. A clod- 
hopper. Shropsh, 

Barnb, *. (1) A sort of flower, 
mentioned in Hollyband's Diet., 
(2) A baron. 

Barnhed, 8. Childhood. 

Babnkin, 1 ». The outermost 

barnbkynch, j ward of a castle, 
in which the barns, stables, cow- 
houses, &c., were placed. 

Barne-laikins, 8. (A.-S.) Chil- 
dren's playlhings. 

Barn ess, 1 tt. To grow fat. Lei- 
BARNisH, j cest. 

Barngun, 8. A breaking out in 
small pimples or pustules in the 
skin. Devon* 

Barnish, (1) adj* Childish. North, 
(2) V. To increase in strength or 
vigour; to fatten. 

Some tue to breake off the toppes of the 
Iioppes when they ar growne a xi or xii 
foote high, bicause thereby they bami*k 
aud stocke exceedingly. 

R. SeofsFUUforme of a Sop-Garden. 

Barn-mouse, 8. A bat. 
Barn-scoop, 8. A wooden shovel 

used in barns. 
Barn-tbmb,*.(^.-5.)(1) a brood 

of children. 

Antenowre was of that ham-teme, 
Aud was fownder of Jerusalem, 
That was wyght withowtyn wenc. 
Le hone Florence of Rome, 1. 10. 

(2) A chUd. 

Jacob Alphie hame-teme 
Was firste biscop of Jemsalem ; 
Bightwise to him was eal man woue. 
And was ore levedi sister sone. 

Cursor Mundi. 

Barnyard, *. A straw-yard. Ea8t. 
Babnyskyn, *. A leather apron. 

Pr. P. See Barmskin. 
Baron, s. (1) A child. For tarn. 

(2) The back part of a cow. 

Baronage, ». {A.'N.) An asaenu 
bly of barons. 

Baboner, «. (1) Aharon. 

(2) Some officer in a monastery j 
perhaps the school-master, or 
master of the barns or children. 
Bury Will8, p. 105. 

Barr, (1) ». To choose. 5Aroj;*A. 

(2) *. Part of a stag's horu. 

(3) *. The gate of a city. 

(4) V. To debar. 

Barra, *. A gelt pig. Exmoor. 

See Barrow. 
Barracan, «. (^Fr.) A sort of stuff, 

a strong thick kind of camelot. 
Barra-horse, *. A Barbary horse. 
Barras, *. A coarse kind of cloth 

— sack-cloth. 
Barre, (1) r. To move violently* 

(2) 8. The ornament of a girdle. 

(3) A pig in bar, was an ancient 
dish in cookery. 

Pygge in barre. Take a pigge, and farse 
hyni, and roste hyni, and in the rostynge 
endorse hjm ; and when he is rested 
lay orethwart him over oue barre of sil- 
ver foile, Hnd another of golde, and 
serve hym forthe so al hole to the 
horde for a lorde. 

Warner, Antiq. Culin.y p. 80. 

Barred, part. p. Strped. 
Barrel, s. A bucket. 
Barrel-fever, s. Sickness occa- 
sioned by intemperance. North. 
Barren, (1) *. Cattle not gravid. 

(2) *. A company of mules. 

(3) *. The vagina of an animal. 

(4) adj. Stupid ; ignorant. Shak. 
Barrener, 8. A barren cow or 

ewe. South, 

Barren-ivy, ». Creeping ivy. 

Barren-springs, *. Springs im- 
pregnated with mineral, and con- 
sidered hurtful to the land. 

Barrenwort, /. A plant (epu 

Barresse, 8. pi The bars. 

Barricoat, 8. A child's coftt 




Barrib, 1 aiff. Fit; convenient. 
BAiRE, j Durham. 

Barriers, s. The paling in a tour- 
nament. To fight at barriers, to 
fight within lists. 

And 80 if men ihall run at tilt, jnst, or 
light at barrier* together by the kings 
commandement, and one of them doth 
kill another, in these former cases and 
the like, it is misadventure, and no 
felony of death. C(mntry Justice, 1620. 

Barriham, «. A horse's collar. 
North, See Barholm. 

Barriket, "Iff. A small firkin. 
BARRiLET, J Cotgrave. 

BARRiNQ,pari, Except. Var,dial. 

Barrino-out, *. An old custom at 
schools, when the boys, a few 
days before the holidays, barri- 
cade the school-room from the 
master, and stipulate for the dis- 
cipline of the next half year. 

Barrow, *. (A.^S.) (1) A mound 
of earth j a sepulchral tumulus. 

(2) A grove. 

(3) A way up a hill. North, 

(4) The conical baskets wherein 
they put the salt to let the water 
drain from, at Nantwich and 

(5) A castrated boar. 
Barrs, *. The upper parts of the 

gums of a horse. Diet. JRust, 

Barry, v. To thrash corn. Nor- 

Bars, *. The game of prisoner's- 

Barsale, 8. The time of strip- 
ping bark. East. See Barksele. 

Barse, *. A perch. Westm. 

Barslets, *. Hounds. 

Barson,*. a horse's collar. Yorksh, 

Barst, pret. t. Burst ; broke. 

Barte, V. To beat with the .fists. 

Barth, Iff. A shelter for cattle. 
BARSH, J Var. dial, 

Bartholomew-pig, *. Roasted 
pigs were formerly among the 
chief attractions of Bartholomew 
Fair ; they were sold piping hot, 

in booths and stalls, and osten* 
tatiously displayed to excite the 
appetite of passengers. Hence a 
Bartholomew pig became a com- 
mon subject of allusion; the 
puritan railed against it : 

For the very calling it a Bartholomew 
pifft and to eat it so, is a spice of idola- 
try. B. Jane., Bart. Fair, i, 6. 

Bartholomew-babt, 9. A gawdy 
doll, such as were sold in the 

By the eighth house you may know to 
an inch, how many moths will eat an 
alderman's gown ; by it also, and the 
help of the bill of mortality, a man may 
know how many people die in London 
every week : it' also tells farmers what 
manner of wife they should chuse, not 
one trickt up with ribbands and knots, 
like a Bartholomew-baby ; for such a one 
will pi-ove a holiday wife, all play and 
no work. Poor Robin, 1740. 

Bartholomew -GENTLEMAN, «. A 
person who is unworthy of trust. 

After him comes another Bartholomew 
ffentleman, with a huge hamper of pro- 
mises ; and he falls a trading with his 
promises, and applying of promises, and 
resting upon promises, that we can 
hear of nothing but promises: which 
trade of promises he so engross'd to 
himself, and those of his own congrega- 
tion, that in the late times he would 
not so much as let his neer kinsmen, 
the presbyterians, to have any dealing 
with the promises. 

Eachard's Observations, 1671. 

Barthu-day, 9, St. Bartholo- 
mew's day. 

Bartizan, *. The small turret pro- 
jecting from the angle on the top 
of a tower, or from the parapet 
or other parts of a building. 

Bartle, 8. (1) "At nine-pins or 
ten-banes they have one larger 
bone set about a yard before the 
rest call'd the bartle, and to 
knock down the bartle gives for 
five in the game." Kennett. 
(2) St. Bartholomew. 

Barton, 8. (A.-S.) (1) The de- 
mesne lands of a manor; the 
manor-house itself; the outhousea 
and yards. 




(2) A coop for poultry. 

Bartram, g. (corrupted from Laf, 
pyrethrum,) The pellitory. 

BARTYNiT,jwar^jp. Struck; beaten 
with the fist. Gaw. See Barte. 

Baru, *. A barrow or gelt boar. 
Rob, Gloue. 

Barvel. *. A short leathern apron 
worn by washerwomen ; a slab- 
bering bib. Kent. 

Barvot, adj. Bare-foot. 

Barw, adj. (A.'S.) Protected. 

Barway, *. A passage into a field 
made of bars which take out of 
the posts. 

Barytone, », The name of a viol- 
shaped musical instrument, made 
by the celebrated Joachim Fielke 
in the year 1687. 

Bas, (1) V, {Fr.) To kiss. 
(2) 8. A kiss. 

Nay, svr, as for hassjfSt 
From fience none passyl. 
But as in gage 

Play of Wit and Science, p. 13. 

Bas AM, *. The red heath broom. 

Bascles, *. A sort of robbers or 
highwaymen. Langtoft, Chron.t 
p. 242. 

Bascon, *. A kind of lace, con- 
sisting of five bows. 

Base, (1) adj. (J.-N.) Low. 

(2) V. To sing or play the boie 
part in music. Shakesp. 

(3) *. Matting. East. 

(4) *. A perch. Cumb. 

(5) *. The drapery thrown over 
a horse, and sometimes drawn 
tight over its armour. See Ba9e8. 

(6) A small kind of ordnance. 
Base, \8. Prison-base^ or prison- 

BACE, J bars. A rustic game, often 
alluded to in the old writers. 

Lads more like to run 
The country base, than to commit such 
slaughter. Shakesp., Cym., v, S. 

So raa they all as they had been at bace. 
The*' leinK chased that did others chace. 
Spetu. F. Q., V, via, 6. 

To hid a base, to run fast, cbiL 
lenging another to pursue. 

To bid the wind a base he now prepares. 
Shakesp., Venus and Jd» 

Base-ball, 9, A country game. 

Basebroom,9. The herb woodwax. 

Base-court, «. The outer, or lower 

Base-dance, #. A grave, sober, 
and solemn mode of dancing, 
somewhat, it is supposed, in the 
minuet style ; and so called, per- 
haps, in contradistinction to the 
vaulting kind of dances, in which 
there was a greater display of 

Basel, «. A coin abolished by 
Henry II in 1158. 

Baselard, 9. See Bastard, 

Baseler, s, a person who takes 

care of neat cattle. North, 
Basel-pot, 9, A sort of earthen 

Which head she plaslit within a baseUpot, 
Well covered all with harden soyle aloft. 
Turberville's Tragical Tales, 1587. 

Basen, adj. Extended as with 


A.nd stare on him with big looks basen wide, 

Wond'ring what mister wight he was, and 

whence. S^ens., Moth, Hubb. Tale, L 670 

Base-ring, s. The ring of a can- 
non next behind the touch-hole. 

Baserocket, *. A plant (the bur- 

Bases, *. pi A kind of embroi- 
dered mantle which hung down 
from the middle to about the 
knees, or lower, worn by knights 
on horseback. 

All heroick persons are pictured in bases 
and buskins. Gayton, Fest. Notes, p. 218. 

Bases were also worn on other 

occasions, and are thus described 

in a stage direction to a play by 

Jasper Maine. 

Here six Mores dance, after the ancient 
Ethiopian manner. Erect arrowee 
•tuck round their heads in thei' curled 




kait Instead of quiven. Tlieir bowei 
in their hands. Their upper parts 
naked. Their nether, from the wast to 
their knees, covered with hasct of blew 
•atin, edged with a deep silver frin|;e. 
kc. Amorous Warre^ ill, 2. 

The colour of her btuct was almost 

Like to the falling whitish leaves and 

drie, — 
With cipresae tronka embroder'd and em- 

boat Harr. Ar., xxxxi, 47. 

(2) An apron. Butler has used 
it in Hudibras to express the 
butcher's apron. 
Bash, (1) v, (probably from A.-N, 
baister.) To lose flesh ; become 
lean. A pig is said to basht when 
it *' goes back'* in flesh in conse- 
quence of being taken from good 
food to bad. Lsic. Norfhampt 

(2) V, To beat fruit down from 
the trees with a pole. Beds. 

(3) 9. To be bashful. 

(4) 8, The mass of roots of a 
tree before they separate; the 
front of a bull's or pig's head. 

Bashmbnt, ». Abashment. 

Bashrone, 9. A kettle. 

Bashy, oi^. (1) Fat; swollen. 

(2) Dark; gloomy; sloppy; said 
of the weather. Northampt. 

Basil, «. (1) When the edge of a 
joiner's tool is ground away to 
an angle, it is called a basil. 
(2) The skin of a sheep tanned. 

Basilbz, 8. A low bow. Decker. 

Basil-hampers, s. A diminutive 
person who takes short steps, 
and proceeds slowly; a girl whose 
clothes hang awkwardly about 
her feet. Line. 

Basiliabd, 8. A baslard. 

Basilicok, 8. A basilisk. 

Basilinda, 8. The play called 
Questions and Commands ; the 
choosing of King and Queen, as 
on Twelfth Night. 



A sort of cannon. 

Basinet, ». The herb cfowfobt. 

Basing, It. The rind or outei 
BAZiNO, J coat of a cheese. Mid* 
land Omntie9. 

Basinskin, f. See Banmkin. 

Bask, (I) a^. Sharp, hard, acid. 

(2) V. To nestle in the dust like 
birds. Lew. 

Baskbftsykb, 8. Fututio. Cok^ 
wolde Daunce^X, 116. 

Baskbt, 8, An exclamation fre- 
quently made use of in cockpits, 
where persons, unable to pay 
their losings, are adjudged to be 
put into a basket suspended over 
the pit, there to remain till the 
sport is concluded. Grose. 

Baskbt-swobo, 8. A sword with a 
basket hilt. 

Basking, «. (1) A thrashing. 

(2) A drenching in m shower. 

Baslard, s. (A.-N.) A long dag- 
ger, usually suspended from the 
girdle. In 1403 it was ordained 
that no person should use a bas- 
lard, decorated with silver, unless 
he be possessed of the yearly in- 
come of 20^ 

Basnet, «. (1) A cap. Skelton. 
(2) A bassenet. 

Bason, «. A badger. Cotgrave. See 

Basoning- ruKN AGE, s. A furnace 
used in the manufacture of hats. 

Bass, (1) s. A kind of perch. 

(2) «. A church hassock. North. 

(3) A collar for cart-horses made 
of flags. 

(4) Dried rushes. Cumh. 

(5) The inner rind of a tree. 

(6) A slatypiece of coal. Shropsh* 
{l\ A twopenny loaf. North. 
(8) Athing to wind about grafted 
trees before they be day^, and 
after, f/ofe»* 





BASSADO, ^ «. A bashaw. 


Bassam, 9, Heath. Devon, 
Basse, (1) v, (A.-N.) To kiss. 

(2) 8, A kiss. 

(3) «. A hollow place, ffol- 

(4) 8, Apparently, the elder 
swine. Top8elt8 Foure Footed 
BeastSj p. 661. 

(&) V. To ornament with bases. 
Bassel-bowls, t. Bowling balls. 

Bassinet, «. A light helmet worn 

sometimes with a moveable 

Basset, #. (1) An earth-dog. 


(2) A mineral term where the 
strata rise upwards. Derbyeh, 

(3) An embassy. Fast. Lett., 
i, 158. 

Bassbtt, f. A game at cards, 
fashionable in the latter part of 
the seventeenth century, said to 
have been invented at Venice. 

Bassbtnts, 8. Basons. 

Bassinate, 8. A kind of fish, 
supposed to be like men in 

B ASSOC K, 8. A hassock. Bailey. 

Bast, (1) «. Matting; stiraw. North, 
({2) «. Boast. 
(3) «. A bastard. 

(4) partp. Assured. 

(5) V. To pack up. North, 
Basta. Properly an Italian word, 

signifying it ie enought or let it 
ettffiee, but not uncommon in the 
works of our ancient dramatists. 
Bastard, 8, A sort of sweet Spa<v 
nish wine, which approached the 
muscadel wine in flavour; there 
were two sorts, white and brown. 
It was perhaps made from a bae^ 
lord species of muscadine grape; 
but the term seems to have been 
applied, in more ancient times, 
to all mixed and sweetened winea. 

Spaine brlngeth forth wines of awliiti 
ooluur, but much hotter and stronger, 
as sacke, ramney, and beutard. 

CoghaH*» Haven of Health, p. 239. 

I was drunk with bastardy 
Whose nature is to form things, like itself, 
Heady and monstrous. 

B. /- Fl., Tamer Tam^d, ii, 1. 

(2) 8. A gelding. 

(3) V, To render illegitimate. 
Bastat, *. A bat. North. 
Baste, (1) v. (J.-N.) To mark 

sheep. North, 

(2) V. To sew slightly. 

(3) *. A blow. North, 

(4) V. To dog. Baeting, a severe 

(5) 8. Bastardy. 
(6)(^.-S.) A rope. 

Bastblkb, 8. {A,«N.) A person 
who bastes meat. 

Bastbl-house, 8. See BaetHe, 

B astbl- roofs, «. Turreted or cas- 
tellated roofs. 

Babtbr, (1) 8. A heavy blow. 


(2) A bastard. 

The 16. Octob. A. All. delivered before 
her tyme of a man cliild. This yere 
was a quiet yere, but that the discour- 
tasi of A. AiL troblud me often, and 
the Ifoster. Formau's Diary. 

Basterly-oullion, 8, A bastard's 
bastard. Lane. 

Bastian, 8, St. Sebastian. 

Bastick, 8, A basket. Weet, 

Bastilb, 8. {A.»N.) A temporary 
wooden tower, used formerly in 
military and naval warfare ; some- 
times, any tower or fortification. 

They had a^ towres of tymber eoyng 
pr^ wheles that we clepe bastiUs or 
■omereastelles, and shortly alle thinges 
that nedfulle was in euv maner kynde 
pf werres, the legion haa it. 

Veyecitu, by Trevisa, MS. Reg. 

Item the xxvigd of Marche Roger 
Witherington an\l Ihomas Carlell, ol 
this towne of Barwyke, rode into Lam- 
mermor^ to a place called Bowshehill^ 
xvi myle from Barwyke, and ther wan 
a basteU-howie, and got^ the man ol 
the gaine, whiche otfred to gyve them 
for his raunsome xl marks. 




And in tM hostel fulle of bliifnlnesse, 
Inloflti age tban schalle the wel betide. 

Boetiut, MS. 

Bastiments, ». {A.'N.) Provi- 
sions; victuals. 

Belation of tlie shipps, gnliea, gnliases, 
and other shippinge; Bcamen, infao. 
tery, horsemen, officers, and particukr 
persons; artillery, arnies, niunytions, 
and other necessaries which is thought 
to be needful in case shaibe performed 
the journey for Iiigland, and the basti- 
mmts, with the prices tliat they may 
cost, the partes from whence both one 
and otiier is to be provided, and what 
all will amount unto, accompting the 
armv, and at what shaibe levied for the 
■ayd enterprize to goe provided, payd, 
and hastued for 8 months, as all is 
hereafter. Hatfield House Records. 

Bastisb, V. To victual. 
Baston, #. (1) {A.'N.) A cudgel. 

(2) A sort of verse, of which the 
following appear to be examples : 

Hail be ye tailurs, with yur scharpe 

Bchores I 
To mak wronge hodet ye kitteth lome 

Agens midwinter hote beth yur neldes ; 
Tuogh vur semes semith fair, hi lestith 
litel while. 
The clerk that this boston wrowghte, 
Wei he woke and slepe righte nowghte. 
• • • • 

Hail be ye, ratten, with your mani 

testes I 
With your blote hides of selcuth bestis ; 
And trobles, and trifulee, both vampe 

and alles ; 
Blak and lothlich beth yur teth, hori 
was that route. 
Nis this bastun wel i-pi«ht 1 
Each word him sitte angbte. 

Beliq. Antiq., ii, 174. 

(3) A servant of the warden of 
the Fleet, whose duty it is to 
attend the king's courts, with a 
red staff, for taking into custody 
of persons committed by the 

(4) A kind of lace. See Bascon, 
Bastone, 8, (Ital.) A bastinado. 
Bat, (1) *. {A.-S,) A stave; a 

dab ; a cudgel. 

He nemeth is btU and forth a goth, 
Bwithe iori and wel wroth. 

Bne* qf Houtaim, p. 17. 

But what needs many words? whilst 1 
am faitbfull to them, I have lost the 
use of my armes witli batts. 

Terence in BHfflish,l(iH 

And each of you a good bat on his neck. 
Able to lay a good man on the ground. 
Oecrge-a-Qreeney 0. P., iii, 43. 

(2) «. A blow ; a stroke. North, 

(3) 9. A wooden tool for breaking 
clods of earth. 

(4) V. To strike or beat; to beat 

(5) 8. Debate. 

(6) V, To wink. Derbp»h, 

(7) 8. The straw of two wheat 
sheaves tied together. Yorh8h, 

(8) 8. State ; condition. North, 

(9) 8. Speed. Line, 

(10) «. A leaping-post. Somertet. 
(11) «. A low-laced boot. lb, 
(12) «. The root end of a tree 
after it has been thrown. Ih, 

(13) «. A spade at cards. lb, 

(14) 8. The last parting that lies 
between the upper and the nether 
coal. Stafford, 

(15) 9. A piece of sandstone used 
for sharpening scythes and other 
tools. Norf, 

Batable, (1) adj. Fertile in nutri* 
tion, applied to land. 
(2) 8, Land disputed between 
two parties, more particularly 
that lying between England and 
Scotland, which was formerly 
called the batable ground, 

Batailed, 8. {A.'N.) Embattled. 

Batai&ous, adj. Ready for battle. 

Batails, 8. {A.-N.) Provisions, 

Batale, v. To join in battle. 

Batallb, *. {A,'N.) An army. 

Batand, part, a. Going hastily. 

Batant, *. (Fr.) The piece of 
wood that runs upon the edge 
of a lockside of a door or 

Batardibr, *. (Fr.) A nursery for 

Batauntlichb, adv, (A,'N.} 

Bataylynob, #• A battlement* 

BAT 75 


Batch, #. (1) A certain quantity; 
part of a number. Berks, 

(2) A quantity of bread baked at 
once; also the whole of the 
wheat flour used for making com- 
mon household bread, after the 
bran has been separated from it. 

(3) A kind of hound. North. 

(4) A mound ; an open space by 
the road.side; a sand-bank, or 
patch of ground lying near a 
river. West, 

Batch-cake, «. A cake made of 
the same dough, and baked with 
the batch of bread. Northampt. 

Batch-tlour, *. Coarse flour. 

Bate, (1) *. (J.-S.) Contention; 
debate; strife. 

(2) V. To abate ; to diminish. 

(3) V, To flutter, applied to 

{4) pret. t. o{ Hte. Bit. 
(5)/w^. Without; except. Lane. 

(6) V, To fly at. 

Thns snTTcying round 
Her dovc-befeathcr*d prison, till at length 
(Calling her noble birth to mind, and 

Whereto her wing was bom) her ragged 

Nips off her jangling jesses, strives to break 
Her gingling tetters, and begins to bate 
At ev*ry glimpse, and darts at ev'ry prate. 

Quarles't Sn^lems. 

(7) V. To go with rapidity. 

(8) V. To fall suddenly. 
^(9) ». (A.'S.) A boat. 

(10) *. A sheaf of hemp. Notf. 

{II) pret.t. Did beat. Spens. 
Bate-breeding, ». Causing strife. 
Bated, adj. A fish, when plump 

and fuU-roed, is well bated. 

Batel, 1 *. (J.'N,) A little 
batelle, J boat. 
Bateless, ai^. Not to be abated 

or subdued. 
Bate-maker, s. A causer of strife. 
Batement, *. That part of wood 

which is cut off by a carpenter 

to make it fit for his purpose. 

Batement-liohts *. The upper 
openings between the mullioni 
of a window. 

Eater, s. A bye-way, or cross- 

As for the word hater, that in English 
purporteth a lane bearing to an high 
waie, I take it for a meere Irish word 
that crept miwares into the English, 
through the dailie intercourse of the 
English and Irish inhabitants. 

Stanihurst, Desc. oflrel., p. ll. 

Batfowling, *. A method of 

taking birds in the night-time. 
Batvvu adj. Fruitful. 

Of Berers hatjvll earth, men seeme at 

thoueh to faine, 
Reporting in what store she multiplies 

her graine. Drayton, Pol, song xiii. 

Tlie belly hath no eares. No? hath it not? 

What had my loves when she with child 

was got? , - 

Though in hcrwombethe seedsman sowea 

tares, . , ^ 

Yet, being hattfulle, it bare perfect eares. 
Davies, Scourge of Folly, 1611. 

Bath, (1) adj. Both. North. 

(2) s. A sow. Here/. See Basse. 

(3) V. To dry any ointment or 
liquid into the skin. 

Bather, (1) v. To nestle and rub 
in the dust, as birds in the sun- 
shine; also to roll and settle 
downwards, spoken of smoke. 


(2) (j4.'S.) gen. pi of both. 
Bathing. See Beating. 
Bathing-tub, s. A bath formerly 
administered to people aflfected 
with the venereal disease. 
Batige, *. A pearl. 
Batilbaby, *. An office in forests. 
Batillagb, s. {A.-N.) Boat hire. 
Bat-in-water, «. Water mint. 
Batler, "|«. The in- 

batlet, I strutaient with 

batling- STAFF, >which wash- 
batstaff, 1 ers beat their 

batting-staff, J coarse clothes* 
Batleton, s. a batler. Shrqpsh. 
Batling, *. A kind of fish. 
Batlins, s. Loppings of trees, tied 
up into faggots. S^fi 




Batneb, ». An ox. 
Batoon, *. (Fr.) A cudgel. 
Batoub, *. Batter. Warmr, 
Bats, «. (1) The short furrows of 

an irregular field. South. 

(2) 8. The game of cricket. Dev. 

is) 8, A beating. Yori8h, 
4) *. The slaty part of coal after 
it is burnt whit^. Coal deterio- 
rated by the presence of this 
slaty matter is said to be batty, 
Northampt, In Shropshire it is 
called ba88, and in Yorkshire 

Bat-swain, *. {A.-S.) A sailor. 

Batt, ». (1) To beat gently. 

(2) To wink or move the eyelids 
up and down. Cheth, 

Battablb, adj. Capable of culti- 

Battailant, *. {A,'N,) A com- 

Battaile, #. {A.'N.) A battalion 
of an army. 

Battalia, *. (Fr.) (1) The order 
of battle. 

(2) The main body of an army 
in array. 

Batted, ;?or/. p. Stone worked off 
with a tool instead of being 
rubbed smooth. A stonemason's 

Batten, (1) ». (^.-5.) To thrive; 
to grow fat. North, 

(2) 8. A rail from three to six 
inches broad, and one or more 

(3) «. The straw of two sheaves 
folded together. North, See Bat, 

Batten-boabd, 9, A thatcher's 

tool for beating down thatch. 
Batten-fencb, 9. A fence made 

by nailing two or three rails to 

upright posts. 
Batteb, (1) ». (perhaps from 

A.'N ahattre.) An abatement; 

a wall which diminishes upwards 

is said to hatter, Su88ex, 

(2) 9. Dirt. Nwih. 

(3)9. To fight one's way. MUk 


(4) 9. To wear out. Hov^h, 
Battero, 9, A bat. 
Batticle, 9, A moveable wooden 

cross-bar to which the traces ol 

husbandry horses are secured. 

Battid, adj. Covered with strips 

of wood, as walls are previously 

to their being plastered. 
Battil, 19.(^.-5.) To grow fat. 
battel, j Also, to fatten others. 

For ileep, they said, would make her hattU 
better. Sp., F. C., VI, viii, 88. 

Ashet are a marrelloos improrement to 
battle barren land. Bay*t Frov., 238. 

Batting, 8, A bottle of straw. 

Battino-stock, 8. A beating 
stock. Ketmettf 

Battle, (1) v. To dry in ointment 
or moisture upon the flesh by 
rubbing that part of the body 
while exposed to the fire. 

(2) adj. Fruitful, fertile, applied 
to land. 

(3 ) «. To render ground fertile 
by applying manure. 

(4) V, To go about a room with 
wet and dirty shoes. Northampt, 

(5) V, To bespatter with mud. 
Battled, splashed or bespattered 
with mud. 

(6) V, To take fip cpmmons at a 
college, without immediately 
paying for them. Skinner de- 
rives it from the Dutch betaalen, 
to pay, a term which appears to 
have been formed A^m the an- 
cient manner of keeping accQunts 
by taUie8t or tqle. 

Eat my commoDB with a good stoynacl), 
an4 battled with discretion. 

PurUan^ ii, p. 54S.. 

Battlep, jDor/. /?. Embattled. 

Battledore, «. (1) A hornbook, 
and hence no doubt arose the 
phrase "to know a B from a 
tMttledoor,** implying m ver| 




dight degree of learning, or the 

being hardly able to distinguish 

one thing from another. - It is 

sometimes found in early printed 

works, as if it should be thus 

written, "to know A. B. from a 


You shall not neede to buy bookes ; no, 
scorne to distin^ish a B.from a battle- 
doore; onely looke that your eares be 
long enough to reach our rudiments, 
and you are made for ever. 

QuU Home-hookey 1609, p. 8. 

(2) A flat wooden implement, 
with a slit at one end for the 
hand, used in mending thatch, 
to push the ends of the new 
straw under the old thatch. 

Battlbdorb-barlet, 9. A kind of 
barley, said to be so called *' from 
the flatness of the ear.'' Aubrey' % 

Battlbr, «. (I) A small bat to 
play at ball. 

(2) An Oxford student ; properly 
one who pays for nothing but 
what he calls for, answering 
nearly to a sizar at Cambridge. 

Battle* ROTA L, s. A light between 
several cocks, where the one that 
stands longest is the victor. 

Battles, a. Commons or board. 

Battlet, 1 «. a kind of 

batling-staff, I flat wooden 

BEETLE, J mallet used to 

beat linen with, in order to 

whiten it. See Batler, 

Battletwio, «. An earwig. Mid' 
land Counties and North. 

Battlino-stone, 8, A large 
snoooth-faced stone, set in a slop- 
ing position by the side of a 
stream, on which washerwomen 
beat their linen. North. 

Battolooist, 8. {Gr.) One who 
constantly repeats the same thing. 

Battolooizb, r. To repeat con- 
. tinually the same thing. 

HATTOLCor, 8. {Gr, pTToXoyia.) 

The frequeiit repetition of the 

same thing. 
Battom, 8. A narrow board, the 

full breadth of the tree from 

which it is sawn. North. 
Batton, *. (Fr,) (1) A club or 


(2) Strong, broad, fencing rails. 

(3) Door^ made by the boards 
being nailed to rails or bars are 
called da^/on- doors, in contradis- 
tinction to such as are panelled. 

(4) Narrow deals with which the 
best floors are laid. 

Battril, «. A bathing-statr. Lane. 

Battry, 8. A copper or brass 
wide-mouthed vessel, not riveted 
together, as plates of metal are 
in larger vessels, but hammered 
or battered into union, as tea- 
kettles, &c„ are. 

Batts, «. (1) Low, flat grounds 
adjoining rivers ; sometimes, 
islands in rivers. North. 
(2) Short ridges. Wight. 

Battt, adj, (1) Belonging to a 
bat ; in the manner of bats. 
(2) A term applied to coal. See 

Bat WELL, 8. A wicker strainer to 
put over the spigot in the mash- 
vat, to prevent the grains from 
passing through. Leic. 

Batyn, v. To make debate. Pr. P. 

Baubeb, 8. A copper coin, of 
about the value of a halfpenny. 

Baubery, 8. A squabble ; a brawl. 
Var. dial. See Bobbery. 

Baud, (1) *. {A.-N.) A procurer, 
procuress, or keeper of a brothel, 
or any one employed in bad ser- 
vices in this line, whether male 
or female. 

(2) *. A badger. 

(3) adj. Bold. ' 
Baude, adj. {A -N) Joyous. 
Bauderie, «. Pimping. 
Baudkik, 8, (A.-N. Saudejuin,) A 

rich and precious sort of stuflT, 


178 BAW 

uid to haire been eomposed of 
tilk, interwoiren with threads of 
gold in m moat tumptaooa 

For clAtli of sold, or tiniel ifvrie, 
Fur hattdkiu, broydrie cutworks, or oonceita. 
He set the shippes of merehantmeii on 
worke. GaMemgnt^ St0eU-Glm$90, ▼. 786. 


Baudrick, 1 


Baudkt, a. Bad language. SMton, 

Baudy, a^, (A.»N,) Dirty. 

BAUDT-BAaKBT, f. A caut term 
for a profligate woman. 

Bautfb, v. To belch. 

Bauvrby, a. A beam. 

BAVF-wBEK,a. Among the pitmen 
of Durham seems to mean the 
week in which they are not paid, 
they being paid fortnightly. 
Honeys Table Book, i, 654. 

Bauobr, adj* Bald; barbarous; 

Than bitragrbt he forth another brtt, 
conteyntiie the said seiitenre ; and tbat 
also he redde in his haiiger Latine. 

BaU, mr J. OUetuUlL 

Bauoh, (I) a. A pudding made 

with milk and flour only. Chesk, 

(2) V, To bark. 
Baughlino, a. Wrangling. Cwnb. 
Baulchin, a. An unfledged bird. 

Baulk, r. To overlook or pass by 

a hare in her form without see* 

ing her. 
Baulky, adj. A term applied to 

earth which digs up in clots. 

Baulmb-mint, a. Water mint. 
Baultkr, v. To curl. 
Baun-cock, a. A game cock. 

BAUN8KY,a. A badger. Prompt, P. 
Baurohwan, a.' A horse-collar. 

Bausb, 9. To kiss. See Baae. 
Bauson, atg. Swelled; pendant. 


•■ ] 

3NB, } 
NB, I 

ri J 



BAW8T0NB, ^9, A btdgcr. 




Bautbrt, adj, Encmsted with 
dirt. North, 

BauX'Houno, a. A kind of hunt- 
ing dog. 

Bavaroy, a. (/v.) A kind of doak 
or surtout. 

Let the loop'd hamrog the fop embrace. 

Or hit deep cloke be spatter'd o'er with 

lace. vntjf, 

Baybn, la. A brush faggot, pro- 
bavin, J perly bound with only 
one withe, a faggot being bound 
with two. 

Banns will have their flashes, and yonth 
their fancies,. the one as soon quenched 
as the other is burnt. 

Mother Bombie, 1694. 

With ooals and with kwiiu, and >^ good 
warm chair. Old Song. 

The skipping king, he ambled up and down 
With shallow jesters and rash bavin wits 
Soott kindled and soon burnt. 

1 Hen. IT, iii, 3. 

(2) a. A bundle of small wood. 

Bavbns, a. A kind of cake. 

BAVBRE,a. Bavaria. 

Bavian, a. A baboon, or monkey i 
an occasional, but not a regular 
character in the old Morris dance. 

Batter, a. {A.-N.) The beaver of 
a helmet. 

Bavin, a. Impure limestone. 

BAVI8BNB88B, 9. {A.'N) Mockcry. 

Bavish, 9. To dri?e away. Eati. 

Baw. (1) An interjection of con- 

(2) a. A boT. Ea9t. 

(3) a. A bail. North. 

(4) a. A dumpling. Lane. 
IhS V. To bark. See Bough, 
(6) V. Alvum levare. Ume. 

, BAWATY,a. Lindsey-wolaey.JVbr^JL 




Bawcock, f. (oonjectnred to be 
a corrnption of the Fr. beau eoq.) 
A burlesque word of endearment. 

Why tliRt*s my laweock. What lias 
•mutch'd thy nose ? 

Shaiesp., W. TaU, i, 3. 

At a later period the word baw' 
eoek was used to signify a rogue. 

Bawd, (1) «. The outer covering 
of a walnut. Somertet. See Bad. 
{Ti pret. t. Bawled. Yorith. 
(3) 9, A hare. A word used 
chiefly in Scotland. 

Bawdbr, V, To scold grumblingly. 

Bawb, f. A tpeciet of worm for- 
merly used as a bait for fishing. 

Bawb-unb, «. The bowling of a 
sail ; that rope which is fastened 
to the middle part of the outside 
of a sail. 

Bawer, 9. A maker of balls. Stttf- 

Bawk, (1) v. To relinquish. 

How? let her go? by no meAns, sir. 
It shall never be read in chronicle, that 
sir Arther Addel (my renowDed friend) 
bawk'd a mistress for fear of rivals. 

Caiyl, Sir Salomon, 1691. 

(2) 9. A balk in ploughing. 

(3) «. A beam. BawJk-he t, the 
height of the beam. Cumb. 

Baw, 9. A bow. 

Bawkbr, 9. A sort of sand-stone 

used for whetting scythes. So* 

mer9et. See Balker. 
Bawks, 9, A hay>loft. Cumb, 
Bawlin, adj. Big ; large. 
Bawk, v. To daub. *' He bewmed 

and slawmed it all over mortar 

and wash." 

(2) 9. To embalm. 

(3) V, To address; to adorn. 

Bawmtn, f . Balsam. Prompt P. 
Bawn, (1) «. An inclosed yard, 
especially of a small castle. 


Tliese round hills and square lawM, 
which yon see so strongly trenched and 
thrown up, were at first ordained tiint 
people might assemble themselves 
therein. S^enser^s Staie o/Jrelaud. 

(2) adj. Ready ; going. North. 
Bawnd, a^. Swollen. Ea9t. 
Bawndonlt, adv. (A,»N.) Cheer- 

Bawrbll, 9. {A.'N.) A kind of 

hawk. The male bird was 

called a bawret. 
Bawsb, v. To scream. 
Bawsbn, adj. Burst. Derby 9k. 
Bawshbrb, 9. A corruption of 

Bawsin, \(1)'* An imperiooB 
BAWSON, J noisy fellow. North. 

Peace, yon fat teiMOfi, peace. 

Uttguay 0. P/., V. 283. 

(2) a^. Great; large; unwieldy; 
swelled. Coles has "a great 
haw9int yentrosus." 

(3) 9. A badger. See Ban9on. 
Bawsand, \adj. Streaked with 

BAWdONT, J white upon the face: 

a term applied only to horses 

and cattle. 
Ba-wstone,«. Abadger. Prompt.P. 
Bawt, (1) prep. Without. Yori9h.. 

(2) V. To roar; to cry. North. 
Bawy, *. A boy. 
Baxter, 9. {I) A baker. See 


(2) An implement for baking 

cakes, common in old houses. 

Bay, (1) *. A berry. 

(2) A high pond. head to keep 
in the water, for driving the 
wheels of the furnace or hammer 
belonging to an iron mill. Blount. 
In Dorsetshire, any bank across 
a stream is called a bay. Cotgrave 
mentions ** a bay of land." 

(3) 9. The space between the 
main beams in a bam. NoV" 

(4; «. A principal compartment 
or division in the architectural 




aiTAngeraent of abuilding,marked 
citlier bv the buttresses on the 
walls, by the disposition of the 
main ribs of the vaulting of the 
interior, by the main arches and 
pillars, the principals of the roof, 
or by any other leading features 
that separate it into correspond- 
ing portions. The word is some- 
times used for the space be- 
tween the muUions of a window. 
Houses were estimated by the 
number of bays : 

If this law hold in Vienna ten years, 

I'll rent tlie fairest house in it, after 

, three-pence a bay. Meas.for M., ii, 1. 

Of one hayt^» breadth, God wot, a silly 

Whbse thatched spars arc fiirr'dwith 

sluttish soote. J7aU, Sat., v, 1. 

: As a term among builders, it 

■ also signified every space left in 
the wall, whether for door, win- 
dow, or chimney. 

' (5) «. A pole; a stake. 

(6) V, To bathe. Spenser, 

(7) *. A boy. 

(8) adj. Round. Gaw, 

(9) V. {A,'S. biiffon.) To bend. 
. Cwnberl, 

(10) V, To bark. Miege, 

(11) V. To open the mouth 
- entreatingly for food, like ayooiig 

child. Hollyhand. 
' (12) 8. The nest of a squirrel. 


(13) 8. A hole in a breast-work 

to receive the mouth of a cannon. 
• (14) V. To unlodge a martem. 

■ Blome, 

(15) r. To bleat. 

Bayard,*. (^.-iV.) Properly a bay 

horse, but often applied to a 

: horse in general. ** As bold as 

blind bayard," is an old proverb. 

BaV-berrt, 8, The fruit of the 


Bacca lanri. Boj^vSkokko^, . Pelagonio. 
Qraiu de lauricr. A bmberry. 

XumunckUoTi 1585. 

Bay-duck, «. A ahell-duck. Avli 
Baye, adj. (J,-S.) Both. 

Into the chaambeV go we baye. 
Among the maidens for to playe. 

0y of Warwike, p. 108. 

Bayen, v. To bay; to bark; to 

Bayes, 8. Baize. 

Bayl£, 8. A bailiff. 

Baylek, 8, A bucket. 

Bayly, 8. {A.-N.) Authority; any- 
thing given in charge to a bailifl 
or guard. 

B AYLYD, part, p. Boiled. 

Bayn, 8. {J.'S, bana,) A mur- 

Baynyd, part. p. Shelled for 
table, as beans, &c. Prompt. P. 

Baytb, v. {A.-S.) To avail; to 
be useful ; to apply to any use. 

Baythb, v. To grant. Gaw. 

Bayting, 8. A chastisement. 

Bay-window, *. A large window ; 
snpposed to derive this name 
from its occupying the whole 
bay. It usually projected out- 
wards, in a rectangular or poly- 
gonal form, or sometimes semi- 
circular, from whence the cor- 
rupted form boW'Window arose. 

Bay-yarn, «. Another name for 

Bayyd, adj. Of a bay colour. 
Prompt. P, 

Bazans, 8. A sort of leather 
boots, mentioned by Mat. Paris. 

Baze, v. To alarm. North, 

Be, (\)prep. {A.-S.) By. 

(2) part. p. Been. In the prov. 
dialects, be is often used as the 
pree, t, of the. verb. 

(3) Be, bi, or by, is used as a 
common prefix to verbs, generally 
conveying an intensative power. 
(4)8.(A.'S.) a jewel or ring. See 

Beace, 8. (1) Cattle. North, 
(2) A cow-stall. Yorksh, 

Beached, a^. Exposed to tht 




Bead, 1 « (A.-S.) A prayer, from 

BBDE, J bid, to pray. 

' A pnirc of beiis eke slie bere 
Upon R Ihc al ol white tlirede, 
Ou which tlmt slie her bedis bede. 

Ronaunt of Ike Rose, 1. 7372. 

Brinj; llie holy water hitlirr, 
Let us wash and pray together: 
Wlien onr beads nre tlius luiiied, 
Then the foe will ily affrigltted. 

Herriek, p. 885. 

Small round balls, stringed to- 
gether, and hung from the neck, 
assisted tlie Romish devotees in 
counting the number of prayers, 
or paternosters, they said, and 
consisted of thirty, or twice thirty, 
single beads. Next to every tenth 
bead was one larger, and more 
embellished, than.the rest; these 
were called gatidet, and are men- 
tioned by Chaucer : 

Of smal coral abonte hire arme sche baar, 
A peire of hedes, gaudid al with grene. 

CatU. T., 1. 168. 

From this practice originated the 
name of beads as applied to per- 
sonal ornaments. 

Bbad-cuffs,9. Small ruffles. Miege. 

Bbad-tarino, 8. Pilgrimage. 

Bead-house, 9. A dwelling-place 
for poor religious persons, who 
were to pray for the soul of the 

Beadle, «. (^.-5. basdalj bydeh) 
A crier or' messenger of a court ; 
the keeper of a prison or house 
of correction ; an under-bailiff. 

Bead-roll, 1 «. Originally a list of 
BED-ROLL, J the benefactors to a 
monastery, whose names were to 
be mentioned in the prayers; more 
gentrally, a list of prayers and 
church services, and such priests 
as were to perform them ; also, 
an inventory. 

And bel'ow forth against the gods them- 

A h9d roll of oatrageoas blasphemies. 

Old PL, ii, 261. 

Or tedious beadroUs of descended blood, 
From fat^ Japhet since DenoHlinn's flood. 

Bp. MtUl, Sat., iv, 3. 

Tlicn Wakefield battle next we in otif 
bedroul hrin^. Drayton, Polyolb., 2%, 

Tis a dead world,- no stirring, he bath 

Behearseth np a bead-rowle of his losses. 
Rowlands, Ktuu>e of Harts, 1613. 

Beadsman, 8, One who prays for 
another; and hence, being used 
as a common compliment from 
one person to another, it was at 
length used almost fn the sense 
of servant. 

Beadswoman, s. A woman who 
prays for auother person. 

Beak, (1)9. To bask in the heat. 

(2) «. An iron over the fire, in 
which boilers are hung. Yorish. 

(3) V. To wipe the beak, a term 
in hawking. 

(4) V. A term in cockfighting. 

(5) 8, Tiie nose of a horse. 

(6) 8, The point of a shoe, in the 
costume of the 14th cent. 

Be A K ER, t. ( Germ, beeher.) A large 

drinking vessel ; a turn bier- glass. 

Another bowle, I doe not like this cup. 
You slave, what linnen hast thou brought 

us here ? 
Fill me a beater, looke it be good beere. 

Rowlands, Knave ^ Harts, 1618. 

Beakiron,«. An instrument of iron 

used by blacksmiths. 
Beakmbnt, 8. A measure of about 

the quarter of a peck. Newcastle, 
Beal, (1) v. To roar out (for bawl). 


(2) V. {A.'S,) To suppurate* 

(3) «. {A,'S.) A boil, or hot in- 
flamed tumour. 

Bealdb,9.(^.-5.) To grow in yean. 

Ine stat that sacrament ine man, 
Wanne je ine Gode byaldeth. 

William de Shoreham, 

Bealino, 8. Big with child. 

Bealt£, 8, {A.'N,) Beauty. 

Beam, (I) «. {A,»S,) Misfortnncw 

Rob, Gloue. 

(2) V. To put water in a tub, to 

stop the leaking by swelling thfl 

wood. North. 




(3) t. A band of straw. Dewm. 

(4) «. The shaft of a chariot. 
Hofinsh.j Hist, of Eng., p. 26. 

(5) 8. A kind of wax-candle. 

(6) ». The third and fourth 
hrniiches of a stag's bom were 
called the beavu, or beani' 

(7) 9. A part of a plough. 

The beam is perpendicularly above the 
spit, and connected with it; firtt, by 
the ttlonorh handle, or by the lower part 
of tliat piece of timber whicli terminates 
in the iiandle. The size of this piece is 
equal to the beam at that end of it, and 
both the beam and the spit are strongly 
morticed into it. Above the benm it is 
continued in a sweep the length of 5 
feet from the bottom ; the liighest part 
of the sweep being3 feet from the ground 
line, or bottom of the spit. 

(8) 8. {A.'S.) A trumpet. 

(9) 8. The rafter of a roof. 

Beame of a rouffe, not beyng iubowed or 
fretted. Laquewr. Buloet. 


A small ray of 

Bbam» 1 

BBMB. j 

Bbamblino, 8. 

Bbam-feathbrs, «. The long fea- 
thers in the wings or tail of a 

BRMA9vi.,adj. Luminous. Drayton. 

Bbaming-knife, 8. A tanner's in- 
strument, mentioned by Pals- 

Beam-binole, 8. A moveable iron 
ring on the beam of a wheel- 
plough, by which the plough is 
regulated. Norfolk, 

Beamy, adj. Built with beams. 

Bean, 8, The old method of choos- 
ing king and queen on Twelfth 
Day, was by having a bean and 
a pea mixed up in the composi- 
tion of the cake. They who 
found these in their portion of 
cake, were constituted king and 
queen for the evening. — " Three 
blue bean8 in a blue bladder" is 
an old phrase, the meaning of 
which ia not very clear. 

F. Hark does*t raUkf 
S. Yes, like three blue beans m < Umi 
bladder, rattle, bladder, ratHe. 

Old Fbrtuttatus, Ane. Dr., iii, p. ISa. 

They say- 
That putting all Ills words together, 
Tis three blue bean* in one blue bladder. 

Prior, Alma, Cant. 1, v. 25. 

Bean-bellies, 8. An old nick-name 
for the natives of Leicestershire. 

Bean-cod, 8. A small fishing vesseL 

Bbane. adj. Obedient. 

Beanbd, adj. A beaned horse, one 
that has a pebble put under ita 
lame foot, to make it appear sound 
and firm. 

Beanhblm, 8. The stalks of beans. 

Bear, (I) «. A kind of barley. 

(2) «. A noise. See Bere. 

(3) f. A tool used to cut sedge 
and rushes in the fens. Norf. 

(4) The V. bear is used in several 

curious old phrases. To bear m 

bobt to make one among many, 

to lend a helping hand. To bear 

in or on hand, to persuade, to keep 

in expectation,, to accuse. 

She knowynge that peijnrye was no 
greatter offence than adroatry, with 
wepyn^e and swerynge defended htr 
honestie; and bare her husbande on 
hande, that they feyned those tales for 
enrye that they hadde to se them lyve 
■o quietly. 

Tales /* Quiche Answers. 

To bear a brami to exert atten- 
tion, ingenuity, or memory. 

But still take you heed, hare a vigUant 

eye — 
— well, sir, let me alone, I'll bear a brain. 
All Fools, O. PL, iv, 177. 

To bear low, to behave oneself 
humbly. Pabgrare. " 1 ^Mreone 
wronge in hande, ie iouche** Ibid, 
To 'bear out a man, to defend one. 
Ibid. Bear one company, i.e., 
keep one company. Ibid, Beare 
one bold, i, e., to set at defiance. 
**Tlieyknowe well they do agaynst 
the lawe, but they beare them 
bolde of tbeire lordeand mavster." 
Ibid, To play the bear with, ta 




Uiure or disadvantage any one. 
"a wet season will play the bear 
with me." Northampt. 

BvARAPLE, adj. Supportable. 

Bbar-away, 9. To learn. Palsg. 

Bbakbind, 9, A species of bind- 
weed. North, 

Bbard, (1) 9. To oppose face to 

(2) To make one's beard, to de- 
ceive a person. 

(3) p. To trim a hedge. Shropth, 

(4) 8. An ear of corn. Huhet, 

(5) 8. The coarser parts of a joint 
of meat. 

(6) 8. The bad portions of a fleece 
of wool. 

Bbard-rbdob, 1 «. The bushes 
BBABDiNOs, J stuck ioto the 
bank of a new-made hedge, to 
protect the plants. Cheah* 

Beard 'TREE, 8. The hazel. 

Hearer, 8, A farthingale. 

Bearers, «. The persons who carry 
a corpse to the grave. 

The smrcliert of each rorps good gainers be. 
The hearers have a pnifitable fee. 

Taylor's fForka, 1630. 

Bear-fly,. «. An insect. Bacon, 

Bear-oardrn, 8, A favorite place 
of amusement in the time of 
Elizabeth, and frequently alluded 
to iu works of that period. 

Bear-herd, #. Tha keeper of m 

Bearing, «. (1) A term at the 
games of Irish and backgammon. 
(2) A term in coursing, giving 
the hare the go-by. 

Bbarin6-arrow,«. An arrow that 
carries well. 

Bearing- CLAWS, a. The foremost 
toes of a cock. 

Bearing-cloth, 8. The fine mantle 
or cloth with which a child was 
covered when it was carried to 

, church to be baptized. 

Bearing-dishes, a. Solid, sub- 
stantial dishes ; portly viauds. | 

Bbarino-of-the-book, 8. A term 

among the old players tor the 

duties of the prompter. 
Bearing-out, «. Personal carriage. 

" Great bearyng out, j?or/." Pale- 

Bear-leaf, a. A large osier basket 

to carry chaff out of a barn, liorne 

between two men. See Barlep. 
Bear-mouths, a. Subterraneous 

passages to coal mines. North, 
Bearn, 8, (I) A barn. East, 

(2) A child. North. 

(3) Wood. (olee. 
Bearsbrbech, 8, The name of a 


BEARs'-coLLKGE,a. A jocuIbt term 
used by Ben Jonson for the bear 

Bear's-ear, 8, The early red auri- 
cula, called in Latin, according to 
Gerard, Auricula Urei, and in 
French, Oreille d*0ur8, 

Bear's-foot, 8, A species of helle- 

Bear- STONE, a. A large stone mor- 
tar, formerly used for unhusking 

Bearswobt, 8. The name of a 

Beabward, 8. The keeper of a 

Wliat a bragkyng maketh a heareward 
with his sylver buttened bawdrike, for 
pride of auother mannes here. 

Sir T. Mors, 

Bear-worm, a. The palmer- worm. 
Be AS, 8. pi. Cows ; cattle. North, 
Beasel, a. The part of a ring in 

which the stone is set. See BanL 
Beassh, V, To defile. Palegr. 
Beast, a. (1) A game at cards, 

similar to our game of loo. 

(2) A measure. Wardrobe Ac* 
counts of Edw, IF, p. 129. 

(3) An animal of the beeve kind 
in a fatting state. East. 

Beastial, 8. {A.^N.) Cattle. 
Beasting, s- A flogging. 
See B^sie. 




Bbabttngs, ^ 8, {AS. byttyng.) 
BBAST-MiLK, ( The first milkgiveii 
BEESTLIN68, ) hv a COW after her 
BEESTINGS, | calving^. (Byslifu 
BBSTNING, J ill Staffordshire.) 

A cow hatli 1IO milk onlinKrily, before 
that tlie liaili ralved : tlie first milk that 
•be Eiveth do\«iie is called bees tins ; 
which, unlcsse it he dehiied with sonie 
water, will soon turiie to be as harde as 
a pnmish stone. 

HonumTi Pliny, vol. i, p. 34«. 
80 may the fii-st of hII onr fells be thine, 
And both the beeslniug of our goats and 
kinc ; 
As thou our folds dost still secure. 
And keep'st our fountninssn'cct and pure. 
Beu JoHMu, Hymn to Fan, vi, 177- 

Bbastle, V. To defild> Somerset, 

Bbastliness, a. Stupidity. 

He both cursed the time that he ol)eyed 
the kinx'a letter to come to him, seeing: 

Sroiiiises had been doubly broken with 
im, and also accused hiiiiself of great 
beoitliness, bv the which these mischiefs 
were suffered to spring. 

Bowes Correspondence, 1583. 

Beat, (1) v. To make a noise at 
rutting time, said of hares and 

(2) V. To search. A sporting 

(3) V, {A.-S,) To mend. East, 

(4) «. Peat. Devon, 

(5) V. To hammer with one's 
thoughts on a particular subject. 

(6) 9, A blow. 
Bbat-awat,9. To excavate. North. 
Beatb, 1 V. (A,-S.) To excite, kin- 

bbte, j die, or make to burn. 

Thy temple wol I worshin evermo. 
And on thin auter, wlier I ride or go, 
I wol don sacrifice, and fires bete. 

Chaucer, Knighte's Tale, Tyrwhitt. 

And in a bathe they gonne hire faste shet- 

And night and da; grct fii-e tliey under 

betten. Second Nonue's Tale. 

Bjcate burning, #. An agricultural 

device, used particularly in the 

West. See Denehering. 

About May, they cut up alle the grasse 
of that ground, wliich is to be broken I 

up, in tnrfes ; which they call bci^mf. 
These turfes tliey raise up somewhat m 
the midst, thaf the wind aiid ttie ammo 
may the sooner dric them. After they 
have been thorou]flily dried, the hut-, 
hnndnian piletli tliem in little heaps, 
. provincially called beai-burrowest and 
so burueth them to ashes. 

Care»*s Survey 0/ Comwatt, 

Beatem, a. A conqueror. Yorkah, 

Beaten, adj. Trite. 

Beater, a, A wooden mallet. 

Bbatebs, a. The boards pn)jecting 
from the inside circumference of 
a churn to beat the milk. 

Beath, v. (A.'S.) To dry by ex- 
posure to the fire. 

Yokes, forks, and such other, let bailiff spy 

And gather the same as he walketh about :- 
And after, at leisure, let this be his hire, . 
To beath them, and trim them at home by 

the fier. Tusser's Husbandry. 

Beatillks, (from Fr. abattis.] 

Beating, (I) a. Walking or hur- 
rying about. fVeat. 
(2) A row of corn laid on the 
barn-floor for thrashing. Novf. 

Beatment, a. A measure. North, 

Bratour, adv. Round about. 

Be AT-ovTf part. p. Puzzled. EaaexJ 

BEATWORLDjadip. Beyoud controuK 

Beau, adj. (Fr.) Fair; good. 

Beaupet, a. (A.'N.) A cupboard 
or niche, with a canopy, at the 
end of a hall; a cupboard, where 
glasses, bowls, &c., are put away. 

Bbau-pere, «. (I) (jf.-JV.) A friar, 
or priest. 
(2) A companion. S^!>ena, 

Now leading Iiim into a secret shade 
From his beau-peres, and from bright hea» 

ven's view, 
Where him to sleep she gently would 

Or bath him in a fountain by tome eovert 

glade. F. Q., Ill, i, 8&. 

Beaupers, •. Apparently some 
kind of cloth. Book qf Rateoi- 
p. 26. 




BsAUPLiADnER; s. A writ that lies 
where the sheriff or baihif takes 
a fine of a party that he may not 
plead fairly. 

Bbautifibd, adj. Beautiful. Shak. 
Polonius calls It a vile phrase, 
but it was a common one in those 
times, particularly in the ad- 
ilresses of letters. " To the most 
beautified lady, the Lady Eliza- 
beth Carev," is the address of a 
dedication by Nash. "To the 
most beautified lady, the Lady 
Anne Glemham,*' R. L. inscribes 
his " Diella," consisting of poems 
and sonnets, 1596. 

Bkautiful, adj. Delicious.. 

Brau-traps, s. Loose pax'ements 
in the footway, under which dirt 
and \tater collects, liable to 
splash any one that treads on 
them. Norf. 

Beauty-spot, #. The patches 
which ladies put on their faces, 
as fashionable ornaments. 

Bbautt -WATER, 8. A liquid for- 
merly used by ladies to restore 
their complexions. 

Beaver, (1) *. (A.-N.) That part 
of the helmet which was moved 
up and down to enable the wearer 
to drink, leaving part of the face 
exposed when up. 
(2) 8, The hushes or underwood 
growing out on the ditchless side 
of a single hedge. Dor8et. 

Beaver, "I *. {A -N.) A name 

bbver, I formerly given to the 

BBYERAOB, J aftcmoon collation, 
and still in use in Essex, Nor- 
thamptonshire, and other parts. 
See Sever, 

Drinking betwene dinner and supper, 
called beaver. AMiecanum. Huloet, 

Betimes in the morning they break 
their fast ; at noon they dine; when the 
day is far spent they take their bwoer; 
late at night tiiev sup. 

Gate ofLanguagety 1668. 

Certes it is not supposed meete that we 
ilMMld now emtente oaretelres with 

breakfast and supper only, as oar ildeii 
have done before us, nor enough that 
we have added our dinners unto th^if 
foresaid nieales, but we must linre 
thereto our heveragee >md reare-suppers, 
so that small time is spared, wherein to 
occupy ourselves unto any f,iA\y exer- 
cise. Description of SivtUndf p. 30. 

Bbaveraoe, 8. {A.'N.) Cider 
made after the first squeezing 

Beaybret, «. A half-beaver hat. 

BBAWTE,j9r^. Without. Lane. 

Bbazled, adj. Fatigued. Su88ex* 

Beb, v. (Lat. bibo.) To sip; to 
drink. North. A bebber, an im- 
moderate drinker. See Bib. 

Bebastb, v. To beat. 

Bbbathe, 9. To bathe all over. 

Tlie bulls meanwhile each other wounds do 

And }(ore each others sides, whose bloiid 

spui-ts out, 
And head and shoulders all bebalhes H\tont 
Whose hloudy blows the echoing wood 

resound. Firgil, by Vicars, 1632 

Beberied, part. p. Buried. 

Bbblast, port. p. Blasted. 

Beblbd, part. p. Covered with 

Beblinde, V, To make blind. 

Beblot, v. To stain. 

Bebob, v. To bob ; to bother, or 
mock. See Bob. 

Bbbidde, 9. To command. 

Becallb, v. (A.'S.) (I) To ac- 
cuse; to challenge. 

(2) To abuse ; to censure. We8t 

(3) To require. Gaw. 
Becasse, 8. (Fr.) A woodcock. 
Becco, 8. {Ital. beceo.) A cuckold 

Duke, thou art a beceo, a oomuto. 
P. How? 31. Thou art a cuckold. 
Malcontent, 0. PI., iv, 9o 

Bbchattbd, part, p. Bewitched. 

Beche, 8. (A.'S.) A beech-tree. 
Becher, #. {A.'S.) A betrayer. 

Love is hecher and les, 

And lef tor to tele. MS. IHgh^, 86. 

Bbck, (1) 8. {A.'S. beee.) A rivu« 
let or small brook. 





A constable. * 

To nod ; to beckon. 

Tliis here I vow. 

By my belorrd hrotlirrt Stypnn slow, 
B*v all llioM pichy flouds n'nd IwdIu most 

Whcrent he kectt, and with a thunder- 

Olyniput totall frame rxtreaniW trembled. 

Virgil, hy Viears.ieSi. 

(4)#. A bow, a salutation. A beck 
was a Iteiid of the knee as well as 
a nod of the head. 
(5) The heak of a bird. " Sho 
with a Innge decke^ Soulier apou- 
laine.'* PaUgrave, 

I'm none of these same cringing things 

that stoops, 
Just hke a tumbler when he vaults through 

Or daw or mngpy, when at first it peeks, 
Alternately their tails above their becks. 

Flceknoe't Epigrams^ 1670- 

Brckbr, #. A wooden dish. Abr- 

Bbckbt, «. (1) A spade used in dig- 
ging turf. East. 
(2) A mantelpiece. Norihampt. 

Beckets, ». A kind of fastening; 
a place of security for any kind of 
tackle on board a ship. 

Bkck-8tan8, 9. Literally, brook- 
stones; the strand of a rapid ri?er. 

B KG LAPPS, V. (A.-S.y To catch. 

Bgclarted. adj. Besmeared ; be- 
daubed. North. 

Beclippb, v. (1) To curdle. Maun- 
(2) To embrace. 

Becomes, «. Best ch)thes. East, 

BECovoutf part. p. {A.-S.) Seized; 

B ECRi RE, «. A kind of oath. North* 

Beckipplb, 9. To make lame. 

Becurl, v. (1) To bend in a carve. 
(2) To curl all over. 

Bkd, (1) V. A roe is said to bed 
when she lodges in a particular 
place. Diet. Rust. 
(2) #• A horizontal ?ein of ore in 
a mine. Derbysh, 

(3) V. To go to bed witb. 

(4) part. p. of bidde. OflTered . 
prayed; commanded. Langtirft, 

(5) 9. A fleshy piece of beef cut 
from the upper part (/the leg 
and l)ottom of the bellv. Ea»t. 

(6) 9. The uterus of an animal 

(7) Getting out the wrong ridie iff 
the bedf a phrase applied to a 
person wbo is peevish and ill> 

(8) A bed of snakes is a knot of 
young ones. 

(9) 8 The under side of a wrought 
stone, in masonry. 

(10) 8. The horizontal base of 
stone inserted in a wall. 

(11) 8. The body of a cart or 
waggon. Northampt. 

Bedapfb, v. (A.'S.) To make a 

fool of. 

Then are yon bliud, dull-witte'\ and heda/t, 

Korth'a Flut., p. ll». 

Bedaolb, v. To dirty. 

Bed- ALB, 8. Groaning ale, brewed 
for a christening. Devon. 

Bbdare, v. To dare ; to defy. 

Bedasshed, part. p. Covered; 

Bedawe, V. To ridicule. Skelton. 

Beddb, {I) i. A bedfellow, bus- 
band or wife. 
(2) V. To bed ; to put to bed; 

Bedder, 1 «. The under-stone 
bbdetter, J of an oil-milL 

Beddern, 8. A refectory. 
Beddt, at(f. Greedy; oiBciout. 

Beds, v. (1) (J.-S.) To pray. 

That thoa wolt save thi moder and me, 
Thi preyere now I graunte the 
Of that thou bed0 before. 


(2) Toproifer. 

A. ring Ysonde him lede 
To tokening at that tide : 

He fleighe forth in gret drede. 
In wode him for to }i>''e. 

Sir 'I^riMtmm, m,9A 




(3 V, To order ; to bid. 
(4* s, A prayer. 

i5; t. A commandment. 
6) 9, Prohibition. 

(7) pret. t of bide. Dwelt; 

Bedeaded, pret, p. Slain ; made 

dead ; deadened. 
B BDEET, /;ar/. J9. Dirtied. North. 
Bedehouse, 8, See Bead. 
Bkdel, «. A servitor; a bailiff. See 

Bkdblry, »» The jurisdiction of a 

BEDENBt adv. {/i.'S.) Immedi- 
ately ; at once ; continuously ; 

Bbderke, v. To darken. 
Bedevil, v. To spoil. South, 
Bedeviled, part. p. Rendered 

like a devil; become very wicked. 
Bedew, v. To wet. 
Bed-faooot, 8. A contemptuous 

term for a liedfellow. East, 
Bedfbre, 1 «. {A,'S.) A bed- 

BEDPHBERE, J fellow. 

Bedoatt, 9. Command ? Morte 

Bedioht, part, p. Decked out ; 


Her wenprmt are the jnrelin, nnd the 1m>w, 
Her {t:arments angell like, of vir}(in-wliite, 
Aud ttickt iiluft, >ier faUiiie skirt below 
Her buskin meetes: buckled with silver 

brieht : 
Her liaire behind her, like a cloake doth 

Some tnckt in roules, some loose with 

flowers hedight: 
Her silken vailes play round about her 

Her golden quiver fals athwart Iier backe. 
Great BriUunes Troye, 1609. 

Bboizbn, V, To dress out. 

No; here's Diana, who as I shall he- 
dizeHf shall pass for as subatantial an 
alderman's neiress as ever fell into 
wicked hands. 

Mrs. Behn, City Heiress, 1682. 

Bed-joints, #. Joints in the beds 

of rocks. Derbyth, 
Bedlam cowslip, «. The paigle, 

or larger cowslip. Northampt. 

Bedlamits, •• A person who, 
having lieen put into Bethlehem 
as insane, had, after a due time 
of trial, been discharged though 
not perfectly cured. Not being 
mischievous or dangerous, they 
were afterwards suffered to go at 
large ; and the public took much 
interest in their wild and extra- 
vagant sayings and deeds. Male 
bedlamites wer« all Toms, and 
Poor Toms; and the females 
Bettysand Bess ; and all, in addi« 
tion to lunacy, were afflicted with 
loathsome bodilv diseases. It was 
one of the most (wpular plans of 
vagrant mendicity; and thecoun** 
trv was filled with bedtame and 
bediamitee, or Tom of BedlanUt 
as they were indifferently called* 

Every drunkard is so farre estranged 
fruiii himselfe, that as one in an exttisie 
of mind, or rather, in a playne phreuzy, 
he may not be said to be sni animi 
compos, or a man of soiinde wit, but 
rather, a very bedletn, or much worse. 
Stubbes's AHotoiuie of Abuses, p. 123. 

Alas ! thou vaunt'st thy sober sense in vain. 
In these poor BrdlamiUs thy selt survey. 
Thy self, less innocently m/id thev. 

FitzgeraUCs Poenu, 1*781. 

Till the breaking out of tliecivill warrei, 
Tm» 0* Bedla>MS did travel about the 
country. They had been once distrncted 
men that had been pnt into Bedlam, 
wliere recovering to some sobemesse, 
they were licentiated to goe a bejeging. 
They had on their left arm an arniifla of 
tin, about four inches long; they could 
not get it off. They wore about their 
necks a ^reat horn of an ox in a string 
or bawdrick, which when the^ came to 
a house for alms they did wind; and 
they did put the drinke given them into 
this horn ; whereto thev did put a stop- 
ple. Since the warres I doe not remem. 
W to have seen any one of them. 

Aubrey, Nat, Hist, of Wilts. 

Bbdlawtr, «. A bed -ridden per 

son. Prompt, Parv, 
Bedm ate, », A bedfellow. 
Bed-minion, #. A bardash. 
Bedoled, part. p. Stupified with 

pain. Devon, 
Bbdolve, V, To dig. 




BiDONE, part. p. Wrought ; made 

Bbdotb, v. To make to dote^ to 

Bedoutb, part. p. Redoubted. 
Bbd-phbrk, #. Bedfellow. 

A.nd I must luive mine ears banqnetted 
with pleasant aud witty conferences, 
pretty girls, scoffs, and djiUiance. in her 
that 1 mean to cliuse for iny bed-pluere. 
B. Jons.t Bpiagne, li, 5. 

Bedprrsser, t. A dull heavy 

Bedrabyled, part. p. Dirtied; 

Bkdked J part. p. {\) Dreaded. 
(2) Bedridden. 

Bbdreinte, part. p. Drenched ; 

Bedrepes, ». Days of work per- 
formed in harvest time hy the 
customary tenants, at the bidding 
of their lords. 

Bed-roll, «. A catalogue. See 

Bedrop, v. To sprinkle ; to spot. 

Beds, «. The game of hop-scotch. 

Bbds-foot, t. The plant mastic. 

Bedstettlk, 9. A bedstead. E»8ex. 

Bedstaff, 9. A wooden pin stuck 
formerly on the sides of the bed- 
stead to keep the clothes from 
slipping on either side. 

Bed-suster, 9. One who shares 
the bed of the husband ; the con- 
cubine of a married man in re- 
lation to the legitimate wife. Roh. 

Bedswerver, 9. An adultress. 

Bed-tye, 9. Bed-tick. We9t. 

Bedublb, 9.(^.-iS. edwelian.) To 

Our angels ells thai him lete 
Our Godis suiie ells thai him hclde 
For he cuthe make the men beduelde. 
Cursor Muiidi, MS. tdinb.J. 139. 

Bedusk, V To smudge, darken the 
colour ol 

Bedw iRD. adv. Towards lied. 
Bedwarf, r. To make litile. 
Bedwen, 9. A i)irch tree. 
Bedyner, 9. An officer. 

Lyare wes mi latyraer, 
Sleuthe ant slep mi bedyner. 

lyric roetry.Tf. 419. 

Bee. To have bee9 in the head, 
to be choleric ; to be restless. 

Bat, Wyll, my maister hath bee$ in his 

If he find mee lieare pratinge, I am but 

deade. Jiunum and Pith , 0. PL, v 180. 

If he meet but a carman in the street, 
and I find him not talk to ke«p him off 
on him, he will v. histle him and all hit 
tunes at overnight in his sleep ! lie ha< 

B. Jon., Earth. Fair, i, 4. 

To have a bee in the bonnet, to 
be cross ; to be a little crazy. 

Bee, «. A jewel. %&t Beigh. 

Bee- BAND, 9. A hoop of iron which 
encircles the hole in the beam 
of a plough wliere the coulter is 
fixed.,>. a nest of wild bees. 

Bee-bird, 9. The willow wren. 

Beb-bread, *. {A.-S.) A viscous 
substance found in the hives of 
bees, supposed to be the ma- 
terial from which the young bees 
are formed. 

B be-but, «. A bee-hive. Somer9et. 

Beechoall, 8. A hard knot on the 
leaf of the beech, containing the 
maggot of an insect. 

Bee-droye, 9. A great crowd of 
men, or other creatures. Ea9t. 

Bkedy, 9. A chicken. 

Beedy's-eyes, s. The pansy. 

Beef, *. (Fr.) An ox. 

Bkkf-eaters, *. The yeomen of 
the guard. 

Beefing, 9. A bullock fit for 
slaughter. Suffolk. 

Bbufwitted. adj. Having no niore 
wit than oxen ; heavy -headed^ 




Bei-olue, ». A substance with 
wbich hees protect the entrance 
of the hive. 

' Propolis, Pliu. Gluten quo alvei vol oras 
compinjpint apes, vp&iroXus. Beejlew, 
which they make at the entry of the 

• hi?e, to keepe oat cold. 

Nonunelator, 1586. 

Bee-hive, •. A wattled straw- 
chair, common among cottagers. 

Beekbd, adj. Covered with dirt. 

Bbbl, V, To bellow, applied not 
only to cattle, but to human 
beings. A woman at Nettlebam, 

- whose only cow had been sold 
by her husband, a noted ringer, 
for the purpose of subscribing 
for a new bell, always used to 
say to him when ringing com- 

- menced : *' Hark ! how my poor 
cow beels !*' They also say when 
any one makes a great noise by 
shouting, ** How he beela!** 

Beeld, (1) «. Shelter. North, See 

. (2) V, To build. North. 

Beblding, 9, A shed for cattle. 

. North. 

Beele, s. a kind of pick-axe used 
in separating the ore from the 

Bbe-lippen, «. A bee-hive. So- 

Been, (1) (J.-S,) Bees. 

i2) 8, Property ; wealth. TuMer, 
3) The . plural of the present 
tense of the verb to be. 

(4) adj. Nimble ; clever. Lane, 

(5) «. A withy band. Devon. 
■Bebnship, «. Worship; goodness. 
Bbekt-mbed, 8, Help on particular 

occasions. Laneash. 
Beeok, 8. An iron over the fire in 

which boilers, &c., are hung; a 

beak. Yorksh, 
Beer, «. Force ; might. Cheeh, 
BBEa-FiiP, •. A drink prepared in 

adj, {^.'S, bysen.) 
Short-sighted ; half- 

the same way, and with the same 
materials, as ** egg-flip," except- 
ing that a quart of strong home- 
brewed beer is substituted for 
the wine ; a glass of gin is some- 
times added, but it is better 
Beer-good, s. Yeast. Eagt. 
Beerhouse, s. An old name for 

an alehouse. 
Beernesb, «. A beer-cellar. North, 
Beert, adj. Intoxicated. Warw, 
Bees, (1) Flies. Line. 
(2) 8. pi. Cows. Cwnb, 


Wei wostu that hi doth tharinne. 
Hi fuleth hit up to tlie chinne. 
Ho sitteth thar so hi bo bisne, 
ThHrbi men sei^get a vorhisne ; 
Dahet habbe tliat ilke best 
That fuleth his owe nest. 

HuU and NytjhtingaU, 1. 96L 

Now gylleorys don gode men gye, 
Ry^t gos redles alle behynde, 
Truthe ys tarnyd to trechery, 
For now the hysom ledvs the blynde. 
MS. HaH., 5396, f. 24. 

Bee-skip, s, A hive or skip of 

Bees-nest, s. A kind of flax. 

Beesnum. Be they not. West, 

Bebsome, s. a broom with a long 
brush. This word occurs in 
Holfyband's Dictionarie, 1593, 
and is still in use for a birch 
broom, though never applied to 
one made of hair. 

Sure 'tis an uncouth sight to see some, 
That sweepe their hall without a beesotne, 

Men-MiraeUi, 16M. 

Beest, s. The first milk given by 
a cow after calving. See Betutmg, 

Bbestaile, s, (A,'N,) Cattle. 

Beet-axe, s. The instrument used 
in beeting ground in denshering. 

Beetht, a^. Soft, sticky; ia a 




penpirition ; withered. Applied 
to meat underdone. Herefordsh, 

Bbbtle, #. {J,'S.) A heavy mallet. 
A three-man beetle was one so 
heavy that it required three men 
to manage it, two at the long 
liandles and one at the head. 

Bbbtlb-browsd, adj. Having 
brows that hang over. 

Bbktlb-hbadbo, atg* Doll ; 

Bbbtlbstock, t. The handle of a 

Bbbtle-ston, t. The cantharides. 

BBBTNBEOt #. Assistance in the 
hour of distress. North. 

Bbfet, 8. A buffet ; a blow. 

Bepfing, #. (1) Barking. Line. 
(2) Burning land lUfter it is 
pared. North. 

Befight, v. To contend. 

Befile, v. To defile. 

Bbflat, v. To flay. 

Bkflbckb, v. To spot ; to streak. 

Bkfoam, v. To cover with foam. 

Befog, v. To obscure. 

When speech is had of these things, 

they are so befogged^ that they cannot 

tell* where they are, nor what tbey say. 

/>m<V Pathway to Htecoea, p. 823. 

Bbfon, V. To befall. 

The time « as once, and may again retom, 

For ought may happen that hath heen 

h^om. Spent., Sktp. K. May, 103. 

Tlie little redbreast to the prickled thome 

&9tarn*d, and sung -there as he had 

k^fi>rn«. Browtu^M Brit. Fast. 

Bfi FOTB, adv. On foot. Pr. P. 

Befrosb, part. p. Frozen. 

BBFT,j9r«/. /. Struck; beaten. 

Thai wnuig thair hend and wep ful sair, 
Als men war carkid al wit car ; 
Apon thair brestes fast thai heft. 
And al in God thaimself bileft. 

Cursor Mundi, MS. Bdinh., t. 46. 

Beftcb, 8. Beau fils,fair son. 
Beoab, v. To mock; to deceive. 
Beoalowb, v. To out-gallop. 
Heq ARKOf part. p. Adorned. 

Beqarrkd, part. p. Defiled; very 

much dirtied. Devon. 
Begat, v. To make gay. 
Bbgatgbd, part. p. Bewitched. 

Bbgchis, 8. Bitches. Co9. Myei. 
Beoeneld, 8. A mendicant. P. PL 


dren*s game at cards. 

Bbooar's-barm, 8. The froth col- 
lected by running streams in 
ditches, or in puddles by the 
road-side. Northampt. 

Bbooar's-bush, 8. A rendezvoiia 
for beggars. *' To go by beggar's 
bush,'' to go on the road to ruin. 

Bbogar's-buttons, «. The bur- 
dock. Devon. 

Bbogar-licb, It. The plant 

BEGGAR-WEED, J clcavCrS ( OO' 

Uum aperine). Northampt. 

Bbogar's-nebolb, a. The shep- 
herd's needle. MidL C. 

Bbooar's-velybt, 1 1. The light 

beooar*8-bolt8, j particlcs of 

down shaken from a feather-bed, 

and left by a sluttish housemaid 

to collect under it. Eaet. 

Beggary, ofjf. Full of weeds. jBsf/. 

Begin, 8. See Biggin. 

Begirdge, V. To grudge. Somereet. 

BnGKOT, adj. {ji.-N.) Foolish. 

Begiot an bride. 
Rede him at ride 
In the dismale. 

Political Songs, p. 30a 

B BGLUED, par. p Overcome.Lydg. 
Bego, '\part.p. Circumstanced; 
BEOON, j happened to. 

The soadan com tliat ilke tyde. 
And with Ids wyf he ^n to chyde, 
That wo was hire bigon. 

Xyng of Tart, L MH.. 

Wo was this wrecched womman tho biqooH, 

CatU, Tales, 1, &S38. 

Begone, ;9ar^.^. Decayed; worn 

out. Eaet. 
BKQOffum, part. p. Begun. 
Bbgravb, v. (1) To bury. 

(2) To engrave. 




BxoREDB, V. (^.-5.) To cry out 

Beorumplkd, adj. Displeased. 


Bkgthbn, 9. To buy. 

Also, the forseyd execntoars and atnr- 
u^ves huipyn edefyen and maken )iow> 
svng tor ))orre men in a stret clepyd 
l)anel}-s lane, and hulpe hegthyn and 
pQrclincyn a place in Wykyn in susty- 
naanc« of the foresey'd howsyng of 
povre men. Found. Stat. ofSaffr'ni 
Walden Jlnuh., 14C0. 

Beguile, v. . To cover with guile. 

So heguiVd 
With outward Iionesty, bat yet defil'd 
WiUi inward vice. 

Sh.f Bape of Lucr, 

Bbgul, V, To make a gull of; to 


lie hath not left a penny in my purse : 
Five shillings, not a farthing more. I had, 
And thus beguld, doth make me almost 
mad. Bowlandi, Knave of Clubbs, 161 1 

Beqjjtu, pree. i. Began. 

That bliced bodi to wind thai wald. 
And I heguthe it withald, 
Suilk strif bitwix us was tare. 
Cursor Mundi, MS. £diiib.» f. 40. 

Brotnooe, adj. {j^.-S.) Careful. 
Eelig. Jniiq,f ii, 8. 

Bbh, pret, t. of ^.-S. bugan. 
Bent ; inclined. 

Bbhad, acl;. Circnmstanced ; be- 
fallen. " You're sadly behadJ* 

Bkb ALT, pret. t. Beheld. 

Behalyb, «. Half; side, or part. 

Brhappen, a</v. Perhaps. Shrcpth, 

Behated, part, p. Hated ; exceed- 
ingly hated. 

Bbhaye, v. To manage or govern, 

in point of behaviour. 

And with such sober and unnoted passion 
He did behave his anger ere 'twas spent. 
Am if he had but pruv'd an argument. 

Shakeep., Tim. of A., iii, 5. 

How well my stars behave their influence. 
DavenanCs Just Italian. 

BEHAYiouRit. Representative cha- 

Tlitts. after gpreeting, speaks the long of 

In my betutr'nur, to the migesty, 
The borrow'd majestv of England here. 

Skake*p.f K, Jitkm, i, 1. 

Bbheard, part. p. Heard. 
Beheli KD, part, p. Covered. 
Behest, #. {A.-S.) (1) A promiM 

(2) A command. 
Behetb, v. {A.'S.) To promise. 

pret. be/tight and behote. 

And for his paines a whistle him behight. 
Spent., F. Q., lY, xi, 6. 

Behewe, adj. (J.-S.) Coloured. 
Behint, adv. Behind. North. 
Brhither, (\)prep. On thia side. 

The Italian at this day by like arrogance 
calleth the Frenchman, Spaniard.Dutcli, 
English, and all otiier ureed behitker 
their uountaines Apennines, Tramou- 
tani, as who should say barbarous. 
Puttenh., Art of Engl. Foesxe, p. 2ia 

{^prep. Except. 

I have not any one thing, behither vice, 
that hath occasioned so much contempt 
of the clergie, as unwillingness to take 
or keep a poor living Oley*s Fref. to 
Herbert] C. Farson, A. 11 b. 

Beholding, adj. Beholden; ob- 

We anglers are all beholdina to the good 
nuin that made this song. Walton's Ang. 

^ And I shalle thinke myselfe highly 
beholding unto you. 

Bachelor's Banuuet, p. 18. 

Bbholdingness, «. Obligation. 

Behoyeful, adj. Useful ; profit- 
able; needful. 

Behounced, adj. Finely dressed; 
smart with finery. Essex, 

Behove, s. {A.-S.) Behoof; ad- 

Behoyely, adj. Profitable. 

BEHUNG,j9ar^.^. Hung about 

Beie, i 
BEiEN, \adj. {A.'S.) Both. 


Ac heo ne myjt so rathe come, that the 

kynges twei, 
Nere y-come out Yrloud, wyt gret power 

Of Scottes and of Picars, of Denemarch, of 
Norwei. Mob Ghnu.t^.WJ. 

And tuete bischopes in ys lond, 
Wei hy were beyne y-fond. 

Chrom. cfBngl., JSif«M*« M$t. Rm. 




Ke beon jit bate tweien, 
■ Miue tunen jit beotb beien, 

MS. Cott , Calig^ A ix, f. 28. 

Bbioh, 8, (j4,-S. beag.) Anything 
twisted, but generally an orna- 
ment for the neck; a torques: 
it also is used to express an orna- 
ment in general. 

Sir Canadot was than 

ConstHble the queu ful neighe ; 
For Tristrem Ysonde wan. 

So weneth fiU sleighe, 
To make hir his lenian 

With broche and riche heigke. 

Sir Tristrem, iii. 66. 

Deioht, «. Anything bent; the 

bend of the elbow. North, 

Bbike, 9. To warm as before a fire. 

Hys flesclie trenibylde for grete elde, 
II ys blode colde, hys body nnwelde, 
/ Hys lyppes bio fbr-thy: 
He had more nivstyror'a gode fyre, 
Of bi7ght brondys brennyng scfiyre. 
To bftfke hys lioones by. 

Le ^one Florence of Rome, 1. 99. 

Eeild, #. (1) See Beld. 

(2) A handle. Yorkth, 

BEihDiTt part. p. Imaged; formed. 

Being, (1) con;. Since. 

And heimg you have 
Declin'd his means, you have increas'd his* 

B. and Fl., Hon. M. Fort, act ii. 

Hear. How now? 

So melanclioly sweet? 

Tot. How could I. choose 

Being thou wert not here? the time is 

Thou' It be as sood unto me as thy word ? 
Cartvrigkt's Ordinary, 1661. 

(2) s. (A.'S. byartf to inhabit.) 
An abode ; a lodging. Suates, 

(3) 8. Condition. Weber, 
Brire, (1) gen, pi. Of both. 

(2) adj. Bare. 
Beisance, 8. Obeisance. 

How is't then, thicke great shepherd of the 

Jfo whom OUT swaines sike humble beitanee 

• yield. Peele's Eglogue, 1589. 

Beyte> 8, A sharper. . Cumb. 

Here pedlars frae a' pairts repair, 
Beatli Yorkshire bei/Us and Scutcli fwoak. 

And Puddtcs wi' their fcviie iiii ware, 
•TMp a' despyn'd to botch fvroak. 

Stagg's Cnmberl. Foemt, p. 135. 

Bejadb, V, To weary ; to tfre. 
Bejape, V, To make same of i ti 

Bekat, 8, The jowl or lower )aw 

of a pig. Northampti 
Beke, (1) 8, The brim of a hat Uk 

hood, or anything standing out 

firm at the bottom of a covering 

for the head. 

(2) V. To warm ; to sweat. Be- 

keandCf part, a 


Bekenne, V* (1) {A,'S.) To com- 
mit to. 

(2) {A,'S. becennan,) To give 
birth to. 

Bbkerb, V, To skirmish ; to bicker. 

Bekins, adv. Because. Dor8^t. 

Bbkke,v. To beg. Towneley My8l. 

Beknowe, v. {A.'S.) To acknow- 
ledge ; to confess. 

Thenne wat5 spyed and spured 

Upon spare wyse, 

Bi preve poynte; of that pry nee 

Put to hvm selven, 

That he beknew cortaysly 

Of the court that he were. 

Oawayn /■ the Gr. Kn., 1. 1620 

Bekur, 8. Fight; battle; skirmish. 

Bel, adj. (J,-N,) Beautiful. 

Belace, V, To chastise with a strap. 

Belacoil, 1 #. {A.-N.) A kind 
BiALACoiL, J reception ; a hearty 
welcome. Personified in the Ro- 
mance of the Rose. 

Belafte, pret, t. Left ; remained. 

BELA06ED,/7ar/.j9. (1) Tired; lag- 
ging behind. 
(2) Dirtied; wetted. 

B^LAM, V, To beat. 

Belamour, 8, {Fr,) (1) A lover. 
(2) The name of a flower. 

Bbl-amy, *. (A.'N.) Fair friend. 

Bblappe, v. To lap round; to 

BBLA8T,j9ar/. ;». Bound. 

Belated, j9ar/. jv. (1) Benighted* 
(2) Retarded. 




Bblatb, v. (A.'S,) To remain. 

Bblat, v. (1) To fasten. A tea 
(2) To (log. Nortkampt 

BKLAYEDnpart.p. Covered, i^tenser. 

Belch, (1) #. Small beer. Yorkth. 
(2) V. To remove the indurated 
dung from sheep's tails. Somerset, 

Belche, V, To decorate. Pr. P. 

Belconb, a. A balcony. 

Beldame, a. (A,'N,) (1) A grand- 
(2) A fair lady. Spenser. 

Belde, (1) v. (j^.'S.) To protect. 

Tliis Frein thrived frnm yer to yer : 
The Hbbesse iiece men wenJ it were. 
The abbesse her gan teche and btlde. 
Lay U Freiue, 1. 231. 

(2) a. Protection ; refuge. 

His em answer he yeld, 

That litel he wald wene. 
Of bot ache was him beld, 

That Moraunt soster Imd beae. 

Sir Trittrem, u, 10. 

(3) adj. Bold. 

(4) a. Build ; strength. 

She blissid here, and from him ran, 
Intil here chamber anon she cam. 
That was so strong of hdde. 

Syr Goie£ihter, L 81. 

Bi a childe of iitil belde 
Qvercomen I am in myn elde. 

Cursor MumM, MS, 

(5) V. To build. 

(6) 9. To inhabit. 

Beldbk, 9. To roar; to bellow. 

Bble, (1) adj. (A,'N,) Fair; good. 
(2) 8. (a, 'S, beat,) Bad conduct. 
Lme. The signification of this 
word, as far as can be gathered, 
appears to be, bad eourte, or eon- 
jduet, or censurable proceeding qf 
improvident or ill-disposed cha* 
- raefers. " He'll ne'er bate bele 
whawl hes spend evry hawp'ny" 
is said of a spendthrift. 

Bblvakins. By the J^ady kihl 

BxitB-tHB&E, a. (^.•i\r.) Good com* 

Bblbchosb, a. (A.-N,) Pudendum 
f. Chaucer. Belchos^ in MS. 
Addit. Brit. Mus., Ko. 12,195» 
f. 158. 

Beleddt. By oui I^idy ! Leie. 

Beleb. V. To shelter. Shaiesp. 

Beleeke, adv. Belike; probably. 

As Hector had uiihnrst Patroclns tho, 
DiB|K>>-liiig him in Held, alas lor woe, 
Unwares to wreeke thisdeedeof hwMeeki 
He slayes a peereles Troyan for a Greeke. 
Peele's Farewell^ 16S9. 

Belbperbd, adj. Infected with 

Beleye,' (1) v. {A.-S. beU/an,) To 
remain ; to be alive. 
(2) r. To leave. 
(3ja. Belief. 

Bblbvenbssb, s. Faith. Pr, P, 

Belewing, a. The belling of the 

Beletn, part. p. of befye. Besieged . 

Belfbr, a. A sort of framework 
of wood or other material sttp« 
ported by pillars of brick, iron^ 
&c, on which a stack of corn is 
raised. ^At the top of each piV 
lar is placed a projecting copiiig 
•tone, and en these stones are 
laid the cross beams : the inten- 
tion of the broad stone is to 
prevent vermin getting Up into 
the stack. The proper term 
for this erection is a brandretk s 
but many of the common people 
call it a belfert confounding it 
probably with the word betfry» 
mentioned below. Lmeobn. 

Belfbt, 8.(1) A temporary shed 
for a cart or waggon in the fields 
or by the roadside. Line. 
(2) s. Part of a woman's dress. 
Lydgate*s Minor Poems f p. 201. 

Belo, V, To bellow. Somerset. 

BELOARDa, s. (Fr,) Fair looks. 

Belorandfather, a. A great 
great grandfather. 

Belier, adv. Just now. Somertet. 

Belike, 'iadv. Certainly ; pe|^ 
BELiKELY, j haps ; probably. 

Bblimb, «. To ensnare. Denf* 




Belinq, «. (1) Suppuration. *'In- 
saiiics. Helyng" MS,, Vocab. 
15M cenL 

(2) The noise a chicken makes 
when first breaking the shell. 
" Yoii can hear them beling sir, 
afore lliev comes out." Somerset. 


Belitter, v. To bring forth a child. 
Beliyb, adv. (1) {J.-S.) Quickly; 

immediately ; presently. 

(2) In the evening. North. 
Bslke, v. (1) To belch. North. 

(2) To lounge at length. lAnc. 
Bell, (I) «. A roupU at the tip of 

the nose. PaUgr. 

(2) s. The cry of the hart at 

rutting time. 

(3)9. To swell. 

(4) To bear the beU, to win the 

prize at a race, where a bell was 

the usual prize. 

Aninng the Bonuins it [a hone race] was 
an Oh'nipic exercise, and the prize \ra» 
a garland, but now they h^we the bell 
mwaif. SaltoHttall, Char. IZ. 

To lose the bellf to be wor ted. 

But when iii linigle fi/lit he lost the bell. 

Faitf./rasio, xvii, 69. 

Bellakin, part. a. Bellowing. 

Bblland, s. (1) Ore, when re- 
duce to powder. North. 
(2) Its pernicious effects, when 
imbibed in siuall particles. North. 

Bell ARM INS, s. A sort of stout 

earthen bottle, ornamented with 

the figure of a bearded face, and 

said to have received its name 

from Cardinal Bellarmine, whom 

this face represented. To dispute 

with BeUarmine, to empty the 


Cot. There's no great need of souldiers; 

their camp's 
No larger than a ginger .bread office. 
JPan. And the men little big^^er. 
Phil. Wliat. Itair lieretick 
Book tels you that? 
Rho. The greatest sort they say 
Are like HoHe>!pota foith beards that do reach 

Unto theirknees. 

Cartwright, Lady Srrant, 1661. 

Tis dark, we'll have one hellarmSms 
there, and then bonus nociua, I must to 
u; Buttress. 

ShadweU, Bpsom WeUs, 1678>. 

Bellabt, •. A bear-leader. Chest. 
Belle, (1) «. A mantle? See 
Wright's Anecd. Lit., p. 12. 

(2) V. {A.'S.) To roar. 

(3) s. A clock. Cov. Myst. 

(4) s. A bonfire ; for baaL Gaw, 

Belle, 9. To swell. 

Belle-blomb, s. {A.'N.) The 

Bblle-cherb, s. (A.'N.) Good 

BELLB7BTBB, s. A bdl-founder. 
Prompt. Part. 

Bell-flower, «. The daffodil. ~ 

Bell-gate, l^. The circuit or 11- 
BELL-OAiT, J berty in which a beg- 
gar was formerly allowed to beg, 
so named from the bell which 
he tinkled to attract the notice 
of the charitable. 

Bbllibonb, s. {Fr.) A fair maid. 

Pan may be proud that ever he begot 
Sueh a ieUibone. 

Spen., Shef. Kakt Apr. 91. 

Bblliborion, s. a kind of apple. 

Bellical, adj. (Lat.) Warlike. 
Belliche, adv. {A.'N.) Fairly. 
Bellicon, s. One devoted to good 

cheer. North, 
Bellicous, adj. {Lat.) Warlike. 
Bellify, v. To beautify. Ray^ 

nalde's Byrth of Mankynde. 
Bellin, v. To roar; to bellow. 

Bellitude, s. (Lat.) Fairness.. 
Bell-kite, s. A protuberant bo^y. 

Bellman, s. A watchman. Part of 

his office was originally to bless 

the sleepers whose door he passed. 

Thus Herrick : 

Jf'rom noise of scarefirea rest ye fim^ 
I'rom murders, benedicitc^ 




^ From all mischances, that may frisrht 
Yimr pleasing slumbers in the night; 
Kercie secure ye all, and keep 
The goblin from ye, while ye sleep. 
Past one o'clock and almost two. 
My masters all, good day to you. 

Huf^ p. 139. 

So MiltOD, Pen»ero90 : 

The belman*$ drowsy charm 
To bless the doors from nightly barm. 

Hence oiir Bettman*s verses. 
Bkllock. v. To bellow, rar. diah 
BBLLONBD,a4/. Asthmatic. North. 
Bbllosb, a4j. (Lai.) Warlike. 
Bellowfarmer, 8, A person who 

had the care of organs, regals, he. 

Bbllpearb, 9. A sort oif pear. 

Pimm cncurbitinum, Plin. ab oblonga 
cncnrbitse fignra. Poire de sarte&n, on 
de campane. A hdl aeare^ or gourd 
peare i so called of his lucenesse. 

NonunclutoTt 1585. 

Bbllrao, v. To scold. Heref. See 

Bbllraoobs, #. A sort of water- 

Bbll9, ». pi. The ears of oats. 
Norihamp. A crop of oats is said 
to have beU*d well, when it pro- 
mises to be heavy. 

Bbll-sollbr, 9. The loft in a 
church on which the ringers 
. stand. North. 

Bellweather, #. A cross and 
blubbering child. North. 

Belly, 8. The widest part of the 
vein of a mine. North. 

Bblltaterb, 8. A bellfounder. 
Prompt. Parv. 

Belly-band, 8. A girth to a cart- 
saddle. North. 

Bellychbat, 8. An apron. A8h. 

Bellychebr, 8. Good Kving. 

A spi^nder of his patrimony and goods 
in bellifcheere, and unthriftie companie : 
a spcud-aU: a waste-good. 

Nonundaiar, 1585. 

dnttonie mounted on a greedie beare^ 
To helUf-rheere and banqnets lends his care. 
Bowlands, Knaves of Spades, /-c , 1613. 

Belly-clapper, 8. A word equi- 
valent, according to Florio, to 
certain senses of the Italian 

words lattSffth and battifiUe. 
It has been conjectured to be 
some instrument for announcing 

Bbllt-pribnDj t. A sycophant. 

Belly-god, t. A glutton, or epi- 

Belly-harm, •• The cholic. 

Belly-holdino, 8. A crying out 
in labour. Devon. 

Belly- naked, o^/. Entirely naked. 
A very common expression in our 
earlier writers. 

Belly-piece, 8. (1) The apron, or 
covering of the belly. 

If thou slibulds cry, it would make 
streaks down thy face; as the tears of 
the tankard do upon my fat hosts belly" 
pieces. Skadwell, Bwry Pair, 1689. 

(2) A thin part of a carcase near 
the belly. North. 


Belly-shot, adj. A term applied 
to cattle, '* when in the winter, 
for want of warmth and good 
feeding, they have their guts 
shrunk up." Kennett. 

Bblly-tiiiber, «. Food. Var.dial. 

Bblly-ybnoeance, 8. Small beer. 

Belly-want, 8. A belly-band. 

Bblly-wark,«.(^.-5.) The cholic 

BRi.OKKt pitrt. p. Locked. 

Belokbd,/mi»-^/?. Beheld. 

Bblon, 8. {Fr.) A distemper com- 
mon to cattle in some parts of 
the North of England. It is sup- 
posed to be caused by the water 
they drink being impregnated 
with lead. 

Belonoinos, 8. Endowments. 

Bblook, v. To weep. Bed8. 

Bbloukr, v. To fasten ; to lock up. 

BffLowT, V. To abuse roughly. 


Brlsch. v. {J.-N.) To adorn; to 

To cheat. Ctunb. 


r, Rubliisli ; nA ilulT. Line. 

ilutisia beiKHSs Sido' tai monut 

" ""^Ktmp, Him 1Mb WnnitT, 1800. 

^\ii.%\m.e,*.{A.-N.) AgraiidrstUer; 

Bblt, (1) ». Til auiiparatc. 

ullcil^ niiy Hiilber JuMlit of StawD. 
■pnkinic iIifh voido. uA DtjUier 

•' Unr lord irio Die fjntmui 

It never blj-Heil iinr il never ict'ii. 
Aui I pri)- Soil, nor tliie Ml m.j," 

I, Sartlmpblil't Dtfl^tnltin tfiaitti lit 

(2)v. To heat. SAivpA. 
{3) V. To ihear the bultocki and 
Ui1> of tbeep. Midkmd C. 
(*) I. An M«. /v. P. 

(5) I. A coune of iConei pro- 
jtcling front a wall. 

(6) PrieUig oIlkeMt,* cheat, 
ing game, alio called /»< auif 
foMT, a* old a* tbe age of Sliake- 

BiLTAN,*. TbefintofMa;. iVorfA. 
Bbltir, t. A prculilute. Nortk. 
Sklvtsu, adj. (Lttt.) Covered with 

mud. Sttme. 
Bblvi. >. (I) To drink grecdilv. 


(2)Tobellowitoroar. Smtrtet. 
Belvebino, ai(r'. MoiifibliuleriQg. 

BsLWt, •. (AS.) To bellow. 
Belwobt, (- Tlie name of a plant. 
Beltk.h. {A.-S. btliegan.) Totur. 

round ; to beleaguer. 
Tbe k;Dg nd heie men dT Cb* lond, mid 

tad idaiK tin nelel tonie. ai bll him 
B^tMl-wiima. &>i, ffbw., p. U». 

BeLYHKBII, JMTf. p. Dill 

Bbu, t. A beam ; ■ pillar. 


Ill Unit of im, 
'^wr" JfuHli, Jf« 

Tin kTng of Ton «t or hu oad lei, 
•II.<b'«r<H»Dfbi. wound* «el, 
UOPT DKHI liit htmtnt- 

BlUOiaTBK, >. 

Bkholk, I. A 
B molle. toft 


To make mon. 

llroui. Shakt^. 
Behooeed. adj. Dirtied, defl1«d ; 

lilerallT. benaieked. Paltgrme. 
Bbhdbbd, <ij/. Dreaming I iuioii' 


; per- 

bap) B my, or middle, between 
flat and sharp. 
Ikx. (1) >. {A..S. im.) To be. 

(2) a<^'. Prompt ; read;. Cow. 

(3) 1. ;>t (,A.-S.) Beea. 

(4)^A..N.) GochJi. 

[&) <iA>. (.^.-AT.) Well; good. 
- ■-li^nto. rorM. 

The truth. Demm. 
le ben," the utmoat 
itretch or bend. Ermoor. 
(9) I. A figure act on the top of 
the lut lo^d of the harTeit, im. 
mediately in front, drcMed up 
with Tibbont, &c. Notf. 




(10) •• Oil of ben (benzoin), 
an ointment formerly in great 

Bbnar, adj. Better. A cant term. 

Bbnature. 8. (^.-iST.) A vessel con- 
taining the holy water. 

Bench, #. The shelf of a rock run- 
ning to a main joint. A term 
among quarry-meu in Northamp- 

(2) t. A widow's bench, a share 
of the husband*s estate which a 
woman enjoys besides her join- 
ture. Sus9ex, 

Benchcloth, 9. A carpet to cover 
a bench. " Benchelothe or carpet 
cloth, tapes.** Huloei. 

Benched, at^. Furnished with 

.Benchbb. t. An idler; one who 

'. spends his time on the benches of 

Bench-floor, #. In the coal mines 
of Wednesbury in Staffordshire, 
the sixth parting or laming in the 
body of the coal. 

Bench-hole, #. The hole in a 

. bench, ad levandum alvum. 

Bench-table, #. A low stone seat 

. round the inside of the walls of 
a building. 

Bbnch-whistleb, t. An idler, who 
spends his time chiefly on the 
alehouse bench. 

Bend, «. ( 1 ) {J.^S.) A bond ; any- 

.-. thiiig which binds. 

Mi lord the douke, he leyd anon, 
For schame lete the levedis gon. 

That er bollie gode and hende I 
For ich am comen hider to-day 
For to saven hem, yive y may. 

And bring hem oat ox hende. 

Anus and AmitouHt 1. 128S. 

(2) A band of men. 

(3) A band; anything bound 
round another; a tie. 

(4) A turn of a forest. 

A herd of deer was in the bend. 

Ail feeding before his face : 
Hoir the best of you I'll liavetomy duiner, 

And that in a tittle space. 

M'Mn Hood Olid his Cjwim,8eeur'.9t, 

(5) Strong ox ]eather» tanned 
with bark and other ingredients, 
which give it a blue cast. 

(6) Indurated clay. North, 

(7) The border of a woaian't 
cap. North, 

(8) A piece of bent plate-iron, 
which went over the back of the 
last horse at plough. Leie, 

(9) (A.^N) A band or bandage; 
a horizontal stripe. 

Bended, part.p. Bound. Maun» 

Bbndbl, #. (A.'N,) A band, or 

stripe ; a bendlet. 
BxsDiNQ, part, a. Striping ; band* 

Bend-leathrr, #. Sole-leather. 
Bendsfull, #. Bands-full; bun- 
Bendware, «. Hardware. Stajf. 
Bendwith, #. The name of c 

Bene, (1) v. To be. 

[2) 9, Bane ; destruction. 

;3) 9, A bean. 

[4) #. (^.-iS*.) A prayer; are* 

(5) adv, (J,-N,) WeU; fair; 
good. Gaw, 

Beneapbd, part, p, (^.-5. ) Left 
aground by the ebb of the spring 
tides. SmUh, 

Benedat, 9, A prayer-day* 

Benedicite. (£a/.) An ezclami- 
tion equivalent to BU99 tw / 

Benediction-posset, 9, The sack- 
posset taken on the evening of 
the wedding day, just before the 
company retired. 

Benefice, 9, (A,»N.) A benefit. 

Benefit, 9, A living ; a benefice. 

BsNEif B, V, (J,'S,) To take away; 

to take from. 

tee 5yven hem all fowre powere, and 
forte jyre hem 500 henemen me, and 
nerere the lattere y royghta ncrera 
have 80 mnche power as jow. 

SoHUtttce of the Momk, M&, 1 14 




nfiVEMEKSNT, 9dJ, (Lai.) Well 

hESKMVT, pari, p. Named ; called. 
Bexerth, 8. The service vrhich 

the tenant owed the landlord hy 

plough and cart in Kent. Lam" 

Benethb, V, To begin. Cov. Myti, 
Bbnetoirb, 1 «. a cavity or small 

BENATURE, J holc in the wall of a 

church, generally near the door, 

for the vessel that contained the 

hol5 water. 
Benevolence, #. A voluntary gra- 
tuity given by the subjects to the 

Beneyolbrs, #. Well wishers. Pot/. 

Lett., ii, 336. 
Benewith, 8. The woodbine. Pr.P. 
Benoe, V, To drink deeply. So^ 

Benoer, t. A chest for corn. 

Pr. P, 
Benoy, adj\ Cloudy; overcast. 

Beni&ne, adj. (Lat.) Kind. 
Benime, v. To take away. See 

Bbnison, s. (A,-N.) a blessing. 
^N-joLTRAif, t. Brown bread 

soaked in skimmed milk; the 

usual breakfast of ploughboys. 

Bene, «. (J.-5.) A bench. 
Ben-kit, #. A wooden vessel r<ith 

a cover to it. line. 
Bennet, «. The bent grass, or 

bents. Somerwei. 
Bennick, #. A minnow. Somenei. 
Bbnomb, part,p» of beneme. Taken 

BBNOTHiNGED,;iar/.j9. Annihilated. 
Bbnow, adv. By this time. North, 
Bbnse, s, a cow-stall. North, 
Bbnsil, p. To thrash; to beat. 

Bent, (I) «. A plain ; a common ; a 

field ; a moor ; a common tenn in 

early English poetrv. 

(2)«. The decUvity of a hilL 

(3) «. A kind of gnaa, more 
usually known as bente, 

(4) #. A chimney. North, 

(5) s. Form; shape. 

(6) adj. Ready. 

Bints, t. pL DifTerent kinds of 
hard, dry, coarse grasses, reeds, 
and rushes ; the grounds, or pas- 
tures, on which they grow. Dif. 
ferent writers apply the term to 
the Juneue bulbome; the #/ar- 
worif the arundo arenaria; the 
alopecurue gemeulatns ; and the 

His spear a lent both stiff and strong, 
Aud well near ci two inches lon^. 

Drajftoti*sNymfkidiat ii, 466. 

Next to that is the mvsk-rase : then the 
strawberry leaves dying, with a most 
excellent cordial smell ; tlien the flower 
of the vines ; it is a little dust, likii the 
dust of a bent. Lord Bacon* a Esaays, 

Jnne is drawn in a mantle of dark sraas 
erecn ; upon his head, a garland of Mi»<!iy 
king-cups, and maideu-hair. ^ 

Peaekam, p. 419. 

Brntbrs, s. Debentures. 
Bbntlbs, », Dry sandy pastures 

near the sea covered chiefly with 

bent-grass. Eaet 
Bbnwtttbb, «. The woodbine. 

Bbnzamtnb, 1 •. Benzoin, a kind 

BEKzwiNE, J of resin. 
Beo, (1) V. {A',S,) To be 

(2 J prep. By. 
Beodb, (1) v. To pray; to offer. 

See Bede, 

(2) *. A prater. 
Beortno, $, (1) Burying; a fa- 


(2) Birth ; t. e,, child-bearing. 
Beon, V, {ji,'S.) To he,* 

And teUen we schalen of Tsay, 

Tliat OS tolde trewely 

A child ther is i-borentons, 

And a sone i-jiven ns 

Whos nome schal i-nempned («om 

Wonderful, as me may i-seon. 

FemoM MS., Bt dkimm Librmrp, 

Beoth, presi. i, of beon. Be; 
are; is. 





Hmovrmn, prip. (A.'SJ) Without. 
BapiNCtty 9. To pinch all over. 

JLtaonnt the rest, wat a pood fellow devill, 
80 chl*a in kinds, cause he did no evill, 
Knowne by the name of Robin (as ve 

And that his eyes as broad as feawcers 

WJk) came anights, and would make 

kitcliins cleane. 
And in the bed bepiuek a lazie queane. 
BowltmdSi Knwut qfSpadM, /ie., 1613. 

BsauARBi, 9. B shtrp. An old 
musical term. 

(2) t. A bemr. 

(3) 9. A bierl 

Kow frendschip, suld 56 fande 
Of sir Philip fowre fere. 

To bring ^ow out of band, 
Or je be broght on here. 

MiuoVs Foems, p. 24. 

(4) part. p. Carried. 

(5) t. The space a person runs in 
ord^r to leap with impetus. North. 

BsKAFRYNDE, t. A drinking term. 

King Edward and the Shepherd, 

Hartehome, p. 48. 
Bbramd, part. a. (1) Rushing; 


(2) Bearing. 
Bxrandylbs, t. Thename oft dish 

in ancient cookery. 

For to make heraniyU*. Vxm henhvs. 
and setli hem wyth sod bnf^ and whan 
hi ben sodyn, nym tlie henuyn, and do 
awey the. bonys, and bray smal yn a 
mortar, and temper yt wyth the broth, 
and seth yt thorw a culdore, and cast 
thereto powder of gyngevyr, and sugar, 
and graynys of powmys-geriiatys, and 
boyle Tt, and dresse yt in dysches ; and 
cast aiMTe clowys, gylofres, and maces, 
and god powder ; serve ^t fortli. 

WameTy Jntiq. Culin-t p. 40. 

Berasoal, 9. To abuse like a rascal. 
Bbratb^ v. To scold. 
Bbrattlb, 9. To rattle. 
Berated, part. p. (1) Arrajred ; 


(2) Dirtied. 
EvRAms, 9. To wei with rain ; to 


Berber, 9. The barberry. 

Berbine, «. The verbena. KeiU 

Bercel, ^ 

bbrsrel, 9. {A.'N. ber9ault.) 
BBRTEL, y A mark to shoot at. 
BYSSELLB, | Prompt. Par9t 


Bercelets, t.pU Hounds. Sett 

Berg rn, «. The barton of a house* 

Berohe, adj. Made of iron. 
Berd, t. A beard. 
Berdash, t. A neck-cloth ? 

I have prepared a treatise agalnit the 
cravat and berdatkf which I am told ie 
nut ill done. Ouardia$i, No. 10. 

Berde, t. (1) Margin ; brink. 


(2) A lady. See Bird. 
Bbre, (1) t. {A.'S.) A noise; t 

roar ; a cry. 

(2) V. { To make a noise. 

(3) 9. A pillow-case. See Pillow* 

(4) V. To hear ; to carry, 
(5^ V. To bear ; to produce 

(6) 9. A bear. 

(7) V. To bear upon ; US accuse. 
Bere-bao, 9. One who bears t bag^ 
Bebede, r. {A.'S.) To advise. 
Bere-frankb, t. A wooden cage 

to keep a bear or boar in. Mo* 
nasiic Lettere, p. 269. 

Beren, 9. To bear. See Bere. 

Berbnt, v. To rent ; to tear. 

Bkretta, 9. A kind of hood worn 
by priests. Nallt Satiree, iy, 7. 

BERFRBYyt. A moveable tower. 

Bergbr, 9. (fr.) A term in hair- 

A berffer^ is a little lock, ]>lain, with a 
puff turning up like the ancient fashion 
used by shepherdesses. 

Lodges Dictionary, IdM. 

Bbrgerbt, f. {A.'N.) A sort of 

song. Chaucer. 
Bbroh, 9. A hill. York9h. 
Bbrgomask, f. Anameforamstie 

dance, taken from Bergan:ittoo» 




tiM people of which were ri« 
dldiled for heitig more clownish 
than any other people in Italy ; 
they were on this account made 
the types of all the Italian buf- 

BBRHB0OR, t. Beer-aigre. 

Bbrialles, «. Beryls. 

Bbkib, t. A grove ; a shady place. 

The cell aehappcll had on th' east erne side. 
Upon the wester side » erove or bene. 

Ort ^FWr., xli, 67. 

Beribl, f. (1) A burial. 

(2) A tomb ; a grave. 
B BRING, t. The lap. 

Al lo he lay in slefie by nyglit, 
jHim thoaghte a goshauk with gret flyght 
Sreleth on hu heyng. 
And yenith, and eprad abrod hit wyngyn. 

K..Jli*aunder, 1. 484. 

Bbrino-case, t. A portable casket. 

Berimgb-lrpb, «. A basket. Fr, P, 

Bbrihpb, V, To disturb. 

Bbrkb, r. To bark. 

Berlin, 9. The name of a kind of 

coach in use at the beginning of 

the eighteenth century, so called 

from being first used in the Frus- 

,sian capital. 

Bewarewof Latin authors nil ! 

Kor think your verses sterling, 
Thonrh with h ^Iden pen yon scrawl, 

And scribble in a berlin. Swift. 

Berlina, t. A pillory. B. Jonaan. 
Berly, ad/\ Barry, an heraldic 

Bbrmb, (1) 9. (A.'S,) To foam. 

^2) f. Foam ; froth. 

(3) t. Yeast ; barm. 
Bbrmbn, f . Bar-men ; porters to 

a kitchen. 

Two dayes ther fastinde he yede, 
niat non for his werk wolde him fede ; 
The thridde day herde he calle ; 
**£ermm, herme», hider forth alle 1** 

Eagehk, 1. 868. 

Bbrmootbes, #. The Bermudas. 

Bermudas, a. A cant term for 
certain obscure and intricate 
tUeya in tioudon, in which per- 

sons lodged who had occasion id 
live cheap or concealed; called 
also the Streightt. They are 
supposed to have been the nar- 
row passages north of the Strand^ 
near Cov$nt*gardefi< 

Meereraft. Engine, when did vou see 
My consin Everhill? keeps Le still your 

In the BerntHiat, 
Bm^.- Yes/ sir, he was writing 
This morning very hard. 
: B. JoHS., Ihtil an Au, 11. T. 

Bermuda$ also denoted a speciea 

of tobacco; probably brought 


Wliere being furnished with tinder, 
match, and a portion of deray«>d Bar- 
moodas, they smoake it nio^t terribly. 
Clitmi'M Whimt., p. 135. 

Bern, (I) t. (J,-S. beorr,.) A man ; 
a knight ; a noble. 

(2) *. (^..5.) A child. 

(3) t. A bam. 
Bernaclr, t. A gag for a horse. 
Bernbrs, t. Men who stood with 

relays in hunting ; the men who 
fed the hounds. 
Berowb, 1 ^ shadow. Pr. P. 


B BROWNE, adj. Round about. 
Berrier, t. A thrasher. North* 
Berrt, (1) t. A gooseberry 

(2) V. To thrash com. North, 

(3) f. A rabbit-burrow. 

A iranie s hollers went tosteale eonics 
and by the way they wam'd a novice 
among them to make no noise for feare 
of tkarring the conies awav. Ai last he 
espying some, said aloud in Latine: 
*'£cce cuniculi multi;" and with that 
the conies ranne into tlieir berriet. 
'Wherewith his fellowes offended and 
ehyding him therefore, he said, ''Who 
(the devill) would have thought that 
conies understood Latine." 
Copley's Wits, Fits, and Funcies, 1614» 

(4) t. A herd of conies. 

(5) f. A flood. 

Crdfcia d'degue, a suddaine showre, a 
stomie, a tempest, a blustring, a ietrf 
or flaw nf many wiudes or stormes to*' 
gether bringing violent showres ol 
water.' Flmio^ 




(6) #. A borough. 
Rbrsbel, «. A mark to shoot at. 

See Berceh 
Bbbsalet, 9. A kind of bow ? 
Bbr^t, (1) ftreMt, U of here, 


(2^ pret. t, of breke. Broke. 

(3;t. (i^..^) Injury, 

The leredi, sore adrnd witluLle, 
liadde Reves into the halle. 
And of evericlie- sonde, 
That him com to honde, 
A dide hire ete althcrferst. 
That she ne dede him no ber$ti 
And drinke ferst of tlie win. 
That no poisonn was therin. 

B«ve9 qf Hamtoun, p. 76. 

Bbbt, (1) V, To perspire. North, 
'■ (2) adj. Bright. 
Bbruffianisb, v. To abuse like a 

Bebunoe, t. A buriaU 
Bbrwe, f. A shadow. See Berowe, 
Bbrwe, 1 .^g. ^^ ^g^^jj^ 


Berwham, t. A horse-collar. 

BERTLLt.t. Apparently some rope 

belonging to a ship. Cocke LoreU 

leg Bote, p. 12. 
BsBYNEif. A child. MorteJrthure. 
Bbrysb, t. Berries. 
Bbrysti/tm. /. oibere. Beareth. 
Ber^b, f . A mount ; a hill* 
BE9.,j9ref. t. of be. 
Besaob, t. (A.'N.) A bed carried 

- by horses, called beeoffe hones, 
Bbsagut, #. (A.»N,) A two-edged 

Besant, t. A gold coin, so called 
because first coined at Byzan- 
tium. Its value seems to have 

- varied from ten to twenty sols. 
Bebcatter, v. To scatter over. 
Beschadb, V, To shadow. 
Bescorned, at^. Despised. 
Bbscratchb, v. To scratch* 
Bescro, v. To beshrew. 
Bbscummbr, 1 V, To scatter or* 

>PB«cuMBBR, fdure. 

Wliich working stronfrly wMi 
The conceit of the patient, would maka 

them beseummer 
To th' height of a mighty purgation. 

B. / Fl., mr Matd of the /»», ir. 

A critic that all the world hescitmbers 
With satirical humours and lyrical num« 
hers. JoHt^t Poetastett act ▼. 

Bbsb, v. To see; to behold; ^o 

see to ; to take care. 
Besbek, v. To beseech. 
Beseems, v. To seem ; to appear. 
Besene, part, p. Clad ; adorned. 
Besents, «. Business. 
Beset, /iar/./7. Placed ; employed $ 

Beshake, v. To shake roughly^ 

The country fellow by the fist did take him. 

And in plaiue rusticlce manner did heskaJce 

him. BowUmdty Knave of Spade»,\^\Z, 

Besharp, v. To make haste. 
. Var. dial. 

"B^iUET, part, p. Shut up. 
Beshine, v. To give light to. 
BESHQTE,^Mir/./i. Dirtied. Lane, 
Beshraddb, part, p. Cut into 

Beshrewe, v. (A.'S.) To curse. 
Beside, /ir^. By the side of. 
Besidery, t. A kind of baking* 

piear. Kersey. 
BusiEQEDt part. p. An astrologi* 

cal term applied to a planet when 

between the bodies of tvp jnale- 

Besien, v.* To busy ; to trouble. 
Besight, s. {J.'S.) ScandfiU o^* 

Besiship, t. ■ Activity. ^ 

Besit, 9* To suit; to become. 

Sitens. ■ • ■■ ' ■'• \ 

BjtSKYrTEt part. p. Thnist off; 

shifted off. 
Bbslarbe^, 1 9. To slobber one* 


Bbslomerbd, part, p, DirtieOk 

Piers PL 
Beslitrry, ». To smear; to de* 

file. Drayton. 
I BssMBi «. A besom. Pr, P, 


BuMiRCH, V, To toil J to daub: 

to smear. Shakesp, 
Bbsiiotbkbd, pari, p. Smudged. 

rv9r * ^"* *•«»»« w«» nought WT, 
Of fu«ty«i, he wered « K*pomi, ^^ 
AU bjfsmoterud, with liis haburgcoun. 
Chaucer, C. T., 1 76. 

Bksiiudoe, v. To soil or blacken 

with dirt or soot. 
Besmdt, v. {A..S beimytttn,) To 

soil, or blacken with smut. 
Besnow, ». (^..5. betniwan,) To 

scatter over stiotv; to whiten. 
Beso, ccw;. So be it. Afaundevile. 
BE80FTE, /;r^/. ;. Besought. 
Besognio. #. (//«/.) A beggar. 
Besorb. V. To vex; to annoy. 
Be8ort,(1)„. To suit; to fit. ' 

S/i /" '^"*^"*^*"«^« ; society. 
BBaPAaAOB,«. To disparage, 
by theirroechanjcalj trades .liould come 
ytuA's FUree Pmmlme, 1698. 



BEsPELT.^or/./,. Bewitched; mia. 
chievous, without being vicious. 

BE8PEBEN, v. To Speii to J tO 

address. ' 

BESPERPLED,parr/.jt,. Sprinkled. 
Be-spoke. jp«r/.;p. Bewitched. 
Besprenged, )part p, Besprin- 

WESPRENT, ; kled. *^ 

BBsauiTB, t. Biscuit. 
Bessbn. jr. (^..jv: iaiwer.) To 
stoop Leic. ^ 

To swim ; to sail. ^ 

^'J«J^|;;.A female bedlamite. See 

Bestab, v. To stab aB orer. 

^twd "e "^ ''"^ "• 'P*"* • ««~ « 
To meete the rascall in bit dish anine- 
I would he,Uth hi. ski,, lite doublf Sts* 

Jto^landt, Knave of Clubbs, l«ll. 

Bbstad, t. (^..5.) CircumsUncedj 
beset; provided. 

^irer^mXl ""' '^*^^^' ''^' "*» *»«* 

All MM for the biMt. onre I^rde uofd it, 
shuldebesol i/.S. i?.*/. JZ.y., 17 D. iv! 

BE8TARRED.^aW./>. Covcrcdwith 

Bestial, #. (A.-N.) Cattle. 
Bestially, adv. Beastlv. 
Bestiate, ». To make like a beast. 
Bestly, adv. Belonging to t 

beast. Chancer. 

iramn>s Jlbiotu BngUmd, 169& 

r r 9. Reception. 

Bestow, v, (1) To lay up ; to stow 
away. Ea9t. 

(2) To commit suicide. Z«m?. 

(3) To deliver a woman. 
Bbstract, -Xadj. Mad; dii 

BBSTRAUOHT, ftracted. 
Bestud, v. To oniament tiiti 

Beswikb, r. (^..5. *e«wV»«.) To 

betray; to deceive; to cheat. 
uitSY.adJ. Busv. 
BBSYTTirN. To set in order. Pr, P. 
Bot, (1) a^. {A..S.) Better. 
{2) pari. p. Beaten. 
W /wr/./?. Bettered ; improved. 
Wprtt. i. for behei. Promised. 
W Go bet, go along, an old 
Huntmg cry, often used in a more 
general sense. 
BETABE.r. {A..S.) To give; to 

intrust to. See Beieehe. 
Bbtalb, v. To tell ; to give an 

account. Drayion, 
Bbtars, t. A wo:d nsed in th« 
accounts of the proctors ^ tlie 




^iirch of St. Giles, Oxford, for an 
article used at the festival of that 
taint, which has been a subject of 
some discussion, and is supposed 
to mean bitters, or bitter herbs 
dried. In the earlier half of the 
16th cent, there is a regular 
charge in the parish accounts of 
7d. for a pound of betar» or bei- 
ters. One of these items seems 
to throw some light on the sub- 
ject: ''Comp. 1540. It. for a 
poiind of Judas betart Id" Ano- 
ther item occurs occasionally, not 
only in these accounts, >>ut in 
those of other churches, " for a 
pound of betar9 for Judas light." 
This item, coupled with others, 
for " wax for the dedication day, 
20d.'' — " for a pound of wax at 
dedication day"— "for 4 pound 
of wax at S. byles tyde 2«. 6rf." 
— ** It. for gress {grease) at the 
dedication day," &c., has led to 
the Opposition that the betart 
were miked with combustible 
matter, to cause a smell in burn- 
ing. See, however, BetynQ' 

BiTATTBRED, odj, Drcsscd in rag- 
ged clothes. 

Bbtaughtb, pret. p. of beteehe. 
Gave to. 

Bbtayne, t. {A.'N,) The herb 

Bbtawdbr, 9. To dress gaudily. 

Go, get ye home, and trick and betawder 
yourself up like a riglit city lady. 

Mrs Behn, City Heiress, 1628 

Bete, (1) v. {A.-S.) To amend; to 
heal ; to abate. " Bete my bale," 
bring me relief from my misfor- 

(2) To light or kindle a fire ; to 
administer fuel. 

(3) {J.-S.) To prepare ; to make 

(4) t. Help; assistance. Skinner. 

(5) r. (J.'S,) To beat. 

(6) V. To walk up and down. 

(7) part p. Bit. 

(8) t. A black-beetle. Deton. 
Betbchb, V, (A.'S. beteean,) T« 

give; to intrust to; to deliver 

Betbbm, v. To bestow ; afford ; al- 
low ; deign. 

Yt t could he not heteeme 
Tbe shape of any other bird tlinn eagle for 

to seenie. Goldiug's Ovid Metampk. 

And poore heart (were not wishing in 
• value) 1 could beteeme her a better 

match, than thus to see a diamond 

buried in seacoale-ashes. 

Case is alter'd. Dram. JHalogve, 1635. 

Therefore the Cretan peoplemuch esteemed 

And cal'd him God on earth for hii rare 

wit * 
Much honor he receiv'dwhich they beteem*d 

And in their populer judgements held it fit 
To hurne him mirrbeanu iusence, lor they 

deem'd him 
Worthv alone amongst the Gods to sit 
Heywood's Great Britaines TrojfA^Oi. 

Bbtel, t. A hammer. 

Betblle, v. {A,-S.) To deceive; 

to mislead. 
BtiTES, part. p» Beaten; worked; 

Betbndino, prep. Concerning; 

relating to. Yorksh. 
Beth, pree. t of ben. Be ; are. 

B»™»» \adj. Both. 


Bethekyb, >/r^. Betwixt. 
Bethink, {l)r. (-^.-5.) Togmdgtf. 


(2) To recollect. North. 
Bethral, v. To enthral. 
Betuviilt, prep. Betwixt. 

The prest Uketh that iike ehild 

In his hondcn bytkuixlet 
And seith, Ich ne cristin thei naujt^ 

tef thou ert i-cristned. 

William de SOurehem, 

Bbthwinb, f. The wild clematia 

Betide, v. (A.-S.) To happen. 
BvnKmB,adJ. Hedged about. Fer* 

Bbtlb, a4;'Soft ; fitted for cultiTt- 

tion ; applied to 7And. North. 




To be- 

Bbtoatleo, adj. Imbecile ; stnpid. 

I^VTo^i.pret.tpL of Meeke. Gave. 
Betossed, 04;. Troubled. 
Bbtouse, r. To drag about. 
3BTKAITOR, r. To call one traitor. 
Betrappb, 9. To eutrap; to en- 


bitbai8she, ^ 

Betrax, t. A bretesche, or bat- 
tlement. Pr. P. 

BETRATNE,/iar/. /. Betrayed; de- 

Bbtraysshe, v. To go alH>ut the 
streets of a town. Pahgrave, 

Betkkd, pari. p. Prevailed; con- 

Brtreint, part p. Sprinkled. 

Bbtrim, V, To adorn ; to deck. 

Bbtso, t. The smallest coin cur- 
rent in Venice, worth about a 

And what iniut I eive you ? 

Bra. At a word thirty livrw, I'll not 


Bbtt, r. To pare the turf with a 

breast-plough. Herefordth. 
Bbttaxb, t. A pickaxe. Dewm, 
BBTTB.a/^-. (1) Good. Hereftn-dtk. 

(2) Better. 
Bbtteb, t. An instrument used 

by thieves to wrench doors open. 
Bettei^ynoes, t. Battlings ; bat- 

ties. Laiimer. 
Better, adj. More. Var. dial, 

" Shee has now gotten the better 

way of him," ». e., beat him in 


Better-chbap, t. A better bar- 
gain; cheaper. 

Bbtteriiost, tuperl, of better, 
, Warw, 

Betternbss, t. Superior. iVbr/A. 
Bltty-tit, f. Tlie titmouse. S^, 
folk. '^ '^ 

Bbtwan, t. An open wicker bot- 
tle or strainer, put over the venU 
hole in brewing to prevent the 

grains of malt passing throvgh. 

Betwattled, adj. Confounded^ 

stupified; troubled in mind. 
Betwit, 9, To taunt ; to upbraid. 
Bbtwixrn, /;rq». Between. 
Bbtyno-candle, t. A candle 

made of resin and pitch. Sharp*» 

Co9, Myst., p. 187. 
Betyxge, 9, A rod, any instrument 

of iinishment. Pr,P, 
Bevfe, adj. Buff. 

Bevel, (1) #. A sloped surface in 

(2) i;. To cut an an le. 

(3) *. (A..N.) A V olent push 
or stroke. North, 

(4) *. A kind of square u»ed by 
masons and carpenteis. Cot* 

Beyer. (1) t. {A..N.\ An inter- 
mediate refreshment between 
breakfast and dinner; any r©- 
freshmen! taken between the re. 
gular meals. See Beaver. 
Appttitus. Your gallants never tnn. 
breakfaat, nor *«r«r vmliout me. 

linffM,O.FL,v. 148. 

eaters, that will devour three break- 
fasts, and as many dinners, without anv 
prejudice to thefr *««•*. drinkinw. o> 
•uppers. B. /• Ft., Worn. HaUf/i, 3. 
(2) V. (perhaps from A.^S. 
bifian.) To tremble ; to quiver. 

Beverache, t. (^..JV.) Drink ; 

Beverage,*. (A.^N.) (1) The same 
as bever, 

(2) Reward; consequence. Jiob. 

(3) A composition of cider, wa- 
ter, and spice. Devon, See 

Bbver-ebn, 9, A cant term for « 
drinking house. 

Is tlie top of the ubire, 
. Of the better ken, 
A man auionje men. 

Witt ReereatUm$, 164C 

BEvi8H,r. Tofalljieadlong. \ortK 




Bivr, ». {A.'N.) A company; 
a term properly applied to dif- 
ferent sorts of game, as roebucks, 
quails, and pheasants. An old 
MS., perhaps out of compli« 
ment, speaks of *'a bevey of 

Bewails, v. To cause, or compass. 

▲s when a ship that flyes fayre under 

An hidden rocke escaped hatli nnwares, 
That lay in waite her wrack for to hewaiU. 

Sjiens., F. Q., I, vi, 1. 

Bkwaped, part, p. Astonished. 

See Awhape, 
B EWARED, part. p. Ex pended. 
Be WE, (1) V. To bow ; to obey. 

(2) t. Drink ; liquor. 
Bewed, V, To wed. 
Bewbld, "I ». (-<^.-5.) To wield; 
BBwiELD, J to possess; to govern, 

or sway. 

The whiche «hulde seme to be true, for 
so much as this Endwnlyn was of lawful 
age to hewelde his lande when his fatlier 
dyed. FabieuCM Chronicle, p. 124. 

BEWENDBD,/7ar/./i. Turned about. 
Bewepe, v. To weep for; to 

Bewes, t. Boughs. 
Bbwet, adj. Wet ; moist. 
Bewet£, 9, Beauty. 
Bewgle, t. A bull. HanqtnK 
Bewhisper, V, To whisper. 
Bewits, t. The leathers with which 

the bells were fastened to the 

legs of a hawk. 
Bewiver, 9. To bewilder. Devon, 
Bewlt, adj. Shining; having a 

lustre. Warw, 
BEWOsDt part, p, {A,'S,) Imposed 

upon ; embarrassed. 
Beword, v. {A,-S,) To become. 

Wee mnied all what would hereof heword. 
Ti^niM*/ Dffiote, p. 61. 

Be WRAP, 9. To wrap up. 
Bewray, ^ 

BKWREY, (I) 9, (A,'S,) To 

BBWRiE, > betray;' to disco- 
BBWRiGHB, ver. 


(2) f). To de^le with ordure. - 
Bewrec kt, part, p* Wrecked, 

Bewrought, part, p. Wrought $ 

Bewtesb, 9, Civilities; ocrc- 

Bex, 9, The beak of a bird. Notf. 
Bey, (1) 9, {A,'S.) An otnament 

of the person. See Beigh. 

(2) pret, t. Bowed. 

The wolf hejf adoun his brest. 
And Kon to siken harde and stronee. ' 

(3) f. An ox. 

And as ooncemyng hev$, all ffate bejf*, 
exrepte a very fFewe for the howse, be 
sold, and mych of the stuf of howshpld 
is conveyd awey. 

M'Mostie Letters, p. 151. 

(4) f. A boy. Pr, Paw, 
Beye, (1) V, To aby ; to atone for. 

(2) V, To buy. 

madj. Both. 

(4) t. A bee. 

For the llyes that are abonte the watet 
of Egipte, and for the i«y«« in the 
Asirians londe. 

Coverdale** Biblei Eta^, eh. tiL 

Beyete, (1) V, To beget; pro* 


Ye sire, heo seide, be seint Katerin, 
Yif halvendel the child were thyn,. . 

Then miht ye gladnes seo. 
Dstnie, )ie seide, how is that? 
Nis hit nut myn that ich beyat ? 

Nu, sire, i-wis, seith heo. 

(2) f. An obtaining; gainings 


{^)part,p. Begotten. 
Beyghed, pari, p. Bowed. 
Beyke, V, (1) To beek ; to warnu 

(2) To stretch. Pr. P. 
: Beyn, adj. Pliant, flexible. Pr, P* 
Bbyne, adv. Quickly; readily. 
Beynebse, a4f. Lively; quick. 

Pr, P. 
Bettb, f. (1) A sharper. North* ' 

(2) A bait; a^ snare. 
Bbz. Be ; is. 
Bbzantlbr, f. The secoiid aatlet 

of a stag. 




}t. (from liaL be^ 
MognOf or bewgnoto,) 



A beggar. Shaketp, 

What Betonian is that f 
MiddUtoH*$ Blurt Matter CoiuUihle. 

Bc»t the UuogtuM that tie hid in the 

Bromet Cot. Oard. weeded, act ▼, sc. 8. 

Bezzlk, 1 9. {A,'N.) To drink to 
BizLB, jexcesg. 

'Sfoot, I wouder how the inside of a 
tavern looks now. Ohl when shall I 
hMUt hide t Honest Wh^e, part ii. 

That divine part is soalct away in sinne. 
In sensuHl lust, and midnight bezelhtg. 
MareUm, Scourge of F., lab. ii, Sat. 7. 

BszzLBtt. The slanting side of the 
edge of an edged tool. Norf. 

(2) t. A drunkard. 

Oh me! what odds there seemeth 'twizt 

their cheer 
And the swoln hetade at an Hlehouse fire. 

BaU'e Satires, v, 3. 

Bezzlbd, adj. Turned, blunted, as 
the edge of a tool. Sujff'blk, 

Bi, t. (^.-5. by, bye.) A town or 

Balder hem was non in hi. 
His name was hoten sir OiL 

Gy of Wanoiie, p. 267. 

Bi ACON-WEBD, 9. The plant goose- 
foot. Dorset, 
BiALACOiL, t. {A,'N,) Courteous 

Bias, 1(1) adv. {Fr. biaie.) In 
BiAZ, J a sloping manner. 
. (2) t. A slope, **bya8 of an hose, 

(3) f. k garter. 

BiAT, (1) 9. {Fr. biaut.) A leather 
•trap ove^ the shoulders, used by 
miners to draw the produce to 
the shaft. 

(2) "A kind of British course 
garment or jacket worne loose 
over other apparrell." Cotyreve, 

Bib, 1(1) 9. (from /a/, bibo.) 
BiBBB, J To drink ; to tipple. 

There goeth a pretie jeast of a notable 

..druujkard )f Symcdsa, whose nisnner 

was, whei Ye went into the taveriie to 

drinkc, for to laye eertaine eggesim tht 
earth; and cover them with mould: and 
he would not rise, nor give over M- 
hinfft till the whole wer hatched. 

HoUand't P/iiiy, i, 299. 

The amies hscely begge, or hihhe, or both. 
Warner's dlbums EnyUmd^ 1&99L 

(2) t. A fish,^a<f«« barbahu, 

(3) f. A child's pinafore. 

(4) 9, A piece of cloth attached 
to an apron to protect the upper 
part of a dress. 

BiBBBD, adj. Drunk. Chaucer, 
B1BBBI.XB, 9. One who drinks 

I perceive you are no greit hyhler (t. e., 
reader of the bible), Pasiphilo. 
Pas. Yes, sir, an excellent good ti^ 
heler, 'specially in a bottle. 

Gascoigtu^s Works, sign. C, 1. 

BiBBBR, (1) f. A drinker. 

(2) V, To tremble. Kent. 
BiBBLE, 9. (1) To drink ; to tipple. 

(2) V. To eat like a duck, gather* 

ing its food from water, and 

taking up both together. 
B1BBLE.BABBLB, 9. Idle falk. 
B1BERID6B, 9. A forfeit or fee in 


He is a passionate lover of morning- 
dniuschts, which he^nerally continoea, 
till djniier-time ; a rigid exacterof uum- ' 

Jroats and collector-general of foys and 
iberidge. He admires the prudence of 
that apothegm, " lets drink first :" and 
would rather sell SO per cent, to loss 
than make a dry barg>iin. 

EngUmd's Jests, im. 

Bible, 9. Any great book. Th^ 
most remarkable superstition con- 
nected with the Bible, is the 
method of divination by Bible 
and key, descri1)ed in the Athe* 
nian Oracle, i, 425, as follows: 

A Bible ItHvinje a kev fastened in the 
middle, and bemg held between the two 
forefiiivers of two persons, will torn 
round after some words said : as, if one 
desires to find out a thief, a certain 
verse taken out of a psalm is to be re. 
peated, and those who are suspected 
nominated, and- if th^ are guilty, tliS 
book and key will turi^ else not. 





It If still practised in Lancashire by 

young women who want to learn 

who will be their husbands. 
BIBI.ER-CATCH, t. (A corruption of 

bilboquet.) The game of cup and 

ball. Northnn^i, 
BiBLE-oi.ERKSHip, t. An aucicnt 

scholarship in the Universities, 

for a student who was to read the 

Bible at meal-times. 
BiBLiN, t. A young bird nearly 

fledged, Leiceat. 
BicACHB, V. {Ji'S.) To deceive, 

Pret. i, and part. J9., bicaug^t^ 

BiCANE, t. A poor kind of grape. 
Bi-CAS, aJv. By chance. 
BicH A RRiD,/iar/. p, {A.-SJ) Over- 
turned ; deceived. 
BicHAUMTE, V. To euchaut. 
BiCHB, B. A kind of fur, the skin 

of the female deer. 
BiCHBu-BONES, 8, Dicc. ChouceTy 
BiCHE-soNB, «. Son of a bitch. A 

term of reproach. 
BiCK, t. A wooden bottle or cask 

to carry beer to the harvest fields. 

Bicker, (1) 9. (^.-5.) To fight; 

to quarrel. 

(2) V. To clatter; to hasten. 


(Z) t. A short race. North. 

(4) t. A small wooden dish 
made of staves and hoops like a 
tub. North, 

(5) 9, A beaker or tumbler glass 
Bickbrment, 9, A conflict. 
BiCKORN, t. An anvil with a 

bickem, or beak-iron. 

BiCLBPT, part. p. Embraced. 

BiCLippE, 1 9. {A.'S,) To em- 

BiOLUPPE, J brace. 

BiCLOSE, V, To enclose. 

BicoLLE, V. To blacken. 

BicoRNBD, adj. Double-homed. 

Bio, 1 ». {A,^S. biddan) (1) To 

BiDDB, J invite. See Matthew.xxW, 

■9, "as many as ye shall find, bid 

to the marriage.'^ Still used in 

the North, especially with 
ference to an invitation to t 
funeral, which is termed t Hi* 
ding. Two or four people, called 
btdd^r9, are sent about to invite 
the friends, and distribute the 

(2) To pray. North. To bid the 
bead9f originally, to say pray- 
ers ; afterwards, merely to count 
the beads of the rosary; each 
bead dropped passing for a 

(3) To entreat. 

(4) adj. Both. Siinner. 
Bid-alb, t. The invitation of 

friends to drink at the house of 
some poor man, in hope of a 
charitable distribution for his re- 
lief; sometimes with a view of 
leaking a collection for a portion, 
less bride^ 

BiDAWB, V, {A.'S.) To dawn. 

BiDCocK, f . The water-rail. Dray- 

Biddable, adfi Obedient; trac- 
table. North. 

Bidder, t. A petitioner. 

BiDDiBS-NiB, 8. A term of en- 

Jella. why frown'st thou? Say, sveet 

biddies- nie. 
Hast hurt tliy foote with treading late 

awry ? VatieSy Scourge qfFollif, 1611. 

Bidding praybr, t« The prayer 

for the souls of benefactors in 

popish, times. 
Biddy, t. (1) A louse. North. 

(2) A chicken. 
Biddt-basb, 9. Prisoner's base.' 

Biddt's-btbs, #. The pansy. So» 

Bide, V. (A,'S bidan) (1) To dwell; 

to abide. 

(2) To wait ; to endure. 

(Z) For bidde. To require. North, 
Bidelve, v. {A 'S.) To bury. 
BiDBNE, adv. Immediately. 8m 





Bn»B«oi»&, «. To be punished, or 
. luffer punishment. Kennett, An 

old Norfolk word. 
BiDBT, t. {Fr.) A small horse. 
BiD*HooKy f . A hook belonging to 

a boat. 

BiDowE, ». (A,'N,) A weapon 
carried by the side, supposed to 
be a sort of lance. 

A Mthwe or a baaelard 
He berith be hit tide. 

lUrsPUmgkmmit p. 640. 

BlDRAVBLEN, 9. (ji,-S.) To slob- 

ber ; to slaver. 
Bid-stand, t. A highwayman. 

Bib, (1) r. (J.-S.) To suffer} to 

abide. See Abeye, 

{2) prep. With. 

(3) t. A bracelet See BeigK 
Biel, t. Shelter. North. 
BiBLDE, 9. To dwell; to inhabit. 

See Belde. 

BiBNFAiT, f. (J,'N.) A benefit. 
BiBNYBNU, f . (J.'N,) A welcome. 
BiBR, f. The Redeemer. See Jy- 

BiBB-BALK. #. The church road 

for burials, along which the 

corpse was carried. 
BiBRD, «. A lady. See Bird. 
BiBRNB, 9. A man ; a noble. See 

BiEST, 8. A small protuberance, 

especially on the stem of trees. 


BiFFBAD, 8. A blockhead. Leie, 
BrFFiN, f. A sort of apple, pecu<* 
liar to Norfolk, sometimes called 
beaufin; but beefin is said to be 
the true name, from its resem- 
blance to a piece of raw beef. 

BiFOLD, part. p. Folded. 
BiFOLB, V. To make a fool of. 
BiFOREN, prep..{A,.S.) Before. 
BiFORMBD, adj. {Lat.) Double 
. formed. 

Bio, CI) V. (J.-S.) To build. 

Nerertlieletae imae ehronides reperte 
That IrelHiimll their capitayn had tons 
By irhom it was so Hgged. 

Hardymg*$ Cknm€U^ f . zzx. 

(2) V. To remain ; to continue. ' 

(3) t. A kind of barley. 

(4) Big-and'hig, very large, full 
big. Somertet. 

""*"•!.. (^^5.) Birth. 

Bio-BND, 9, The greater part. 
Biobrnyn. {J.'S.) To ensnare. 
Bi6-FRBaa,a4;. Very tipsy. North. 
BiooAYNB, f. A nun. Palsg. 
Bioob, (l)v. To buy. Weber. 

(2) t. A pap; a teat. Enex* 

Usually applied to a cow. 

(3 ) «. A name for the hare. ReUq. 

Jntiq., i, 133. 
BioGBN, r. (1) To enlarge* 

(2) V. To begin. 

(3) V. To rise after an accouche- 
ment. North. 

(4) t. A kind of close cap, which 
bound the forehead strongly, used 
for new-born children to assist 
nature in closing the sutures of 
the skull. Shakespeare seems to 
use the word for any coarse kind, 
of night-cap. A biggen, or biggin,- 
appears to have been part of the 
dress of barristers^atlaw. Ken- 
nett describes it as "a cap with 
two long ears worn by young 
children and girls." 

Upon his head he wore a filthy eonrM. 
biggiUf and next it a p^rnith of night- 
caps, with a sagre butten cap of tlie 
forme of a cowsheard, overspred-verie. 
orderly. Nash, Fierce P e n mhts . 

Ah lir (said he, taming towards the 

fentlemnii) will yon perewade me thea . 
eonld shew any kiiidnesse to this old' 
bigpttCd tkpe^ Don't you see she has. 
noihinK in her but what's capable to 
strangle love and ingender hate P 

History ofFranciont 186S. 

BiQGBR, t. (^.-5.) A builder. 

BiOHBS, «. Jewels. Ea»t. '*Shei« 
all in her bighes to-day," t. €^ 
best' hum >ur, best graces, fta 




BioHT, t. {A,'S.) A bend, the 
bend of tke elbow ; a bend in a 
liver, &c. Anything folded or 
> doubled. Still uaed in Cheshire* 

In.the bnt of tbe arme alio 
Anocyr ii ys tliat mot be undo. 

BiUq. d»tii. 1 190. 

BioiNO, 9. A building. 

fovre hiainge* ull men brenne, 
' Aud brexe jowre walles olmut. 

DioimDL«, #. A girdle worn round 

the loins ; a purse. 
BioiRT, a^/. Girded. 
BiQLT, adj. (1) Loudly; deeply; 

boldly; strongly. 

A sveete youth, no doubt, for he hath , 
two rosea on his shoes, to qualifie the 
heat <A his feete; he looketh very A^y, 

- and oommeth prauneinfr iiu 


(2) mdj. Agreeable; delightful. 

BiOMiNO, t. Enlareing. 

BiooLD,*. Chrysanthemum. €7erafYf. 

BiooNNE, part, p. Gone; de- 

BiGRADDB, pret, t (J.'S,) La- 

BiQUiAYE, part. p. (I) Engraved. 

: (2) Buried. 

BiORYPB, 9. To seize; to include. 

BiHALVB. V. {J,'S») To divide into 
two parts. 

BiHELVB, 8. Behalf. 

BiHEST, r. (^.-5.) To promise. 

BiA^A/, promised. 
BiHBWB, V. To hew to pieces. 
BiH0TB» 9. (^-5.) To promise. 
Bf JKN, adv. Truly. Yori$h, 
BiKB, 9, A nest, especially of wild 

- bees or wasps. 

BiKECHB, Vj, (A.'S.) To deceive. 
hiKEDt pret, L Fought. 
BiKBNNBN, V. (A,'S.) To commit 

< to. See Beketme. 
BiKEBB, (1) V. (^.-5.) To skir. 
• Biish ; to fight ; to quarrel. 
(2) a. A quaneL 

BiKNowBK, V. (J.-S.) To knowt 

to recognize ; to acknowledge. 
BiL, 8. A Dsh of the cod kind. Atk, 
BiLAD, pari, p, of bilede. Brought. 
BiLANOBB, 8, A araall ship, of 

alH>ut eighty tons burthen. 
BiLAPPBD, part. p. Wrapped up ; 

BiLASH, t7. . To flog. 
BiLAVB, 9. (for bileve.) To remain. 
BiLAYB, V. To besiege. 
BiLBBBBiEs, f. The vaecinium 
myrtiUu9, or vifis id^ea. In 
Staffi)rdshire, Derbyshire, Che- 
shire, and most of tlie Nortliem 
counties, they are called wkortle* 
. berriet; elsewhere kwtle'berrie9, 
black-worttt and wtMd-berrief f 
but, in Cumberland, Westmore- 
land, and Lancashire, they retain 
the older name of biae- or blea^ 
kerrie8t from the colitur of their 
berries, which are livid, or a. 
bluish black. Perhaps ^t/ is a 
mere corruption of blea. 
BiLBo, 9. A Spanish sword, sc 
named from Bilboa, where choice 
swords were made. A swords- 
man was sometimes termed a 
BiLBOCATCH, 9. A bilboquct. The 
toy generally known as ev^ and 
ball. Ea9L 
Bilboes, «. Stocks used at sea for 
the purpose of punishing of* 
fenders. . 
BiLcocKft. The water-rail. AorM. 
BiLD, 8, {A.'S.) A building; a 

BiLDRB, t. (1) A long-handled 
mallet for breaking clods. North. 
(2) f. A builder. 
BiLDBBS, #. A kind of water«t 

BiLE,«. ('l)(^.-5.) Aboil. 

(2) Guile. 
BiLBDB, V. To lead about. 
BiLEP, adv. Quicklv ; suddenly. 




BiLBT, f. A wiUow plantation. 

Bif.KVB, V. (i^..&) (1) To remain; 
to stay. 

I know what !• the peyne of deth, 

Which ram I felt, for he ne miehte 

byl^' CMuueer, Cant. J., L 10,896. 

(2) To leave ; to quit. 

' The im'tle addren, of irhiche we tpaake, 
Weren biUved att a lake. 

X, AUsmtmdtr, I SSIO. 

BiLOK, V. To indent. Somen, 

BiLiBKB, t. (Lai.) Two pounds. 

BiLiD.ff^^'. Mad; distracted. Somer$. 

BiLiMB, V. To deprive of limbs. 

BiMNo, t. The whole number. 
Sues. See Boiling. 

BiLiTHB, t. An image. Venteffon, 

BiLivB, f. (J,'S.) Belief. 

Bilk, (1) v. To cheat; to defraud. 
(2)t. Nothing. An old cant term. 

Bill, t. (1) (A.-N.) A pike or bal- 
hert« formerly carried by the 
English infantry, and afterwards 
the usual weapon of watchmen. 
(2) (J.'N,) A letter ; a petition, 
or paper of almost any kind. 
' (S) A promontory. 

BiLLABLB, «. Liable to having a 
bill preferred by law. 

BiLLAVBNTS, a. Ornaments, espe- 
cially of a woman's head or neck. 

BiLLABD, t. A bastard capon. Sua. 

BlLLBDE^^W/../. Built. 

And the day afore the Irnisre schnlde 
have comTUtf to the nrcheuywhoppe, to 
the teid nMnere of Moore, whirne the 
saide archebisshoppe hade piirchasshed 

■ and hjfUede U rji^thte oomodiiuly and 
plesauatly, the kyn^ tend a gentylman 

.to the leide erehebiFshoppe. 

WarkwortVs Cknmde. 

BfLLiT, a. (1) (fV.) A piece of 
wood chopped into the length con- 
venient for firewood. In North- 
amptonshire the term is applied 
to cuttmgs of sallbw.for planting 
osier beds. 

(2) A stick, or cudgel. 

(3) The game of tip-cat. Derhyth. 

(4) A tmkll bundle of hall-: 
threshed corn. WnL 

(5) The coal-fith. 
BiLLBTiHoa, a. The ordurt of tbe 

iBiLLiNCKt. Working. YwrJnh^ 
Biiii^osOATB, f. A fish -market in 

London, proverbial for the coarse ; 

]ang^«ge of its frequenters ; to ' 

that' low abuse is often termed 

talk'mg BiUmgtgate. 

SUUnfft was formerly a fate, thoniii . 
now rather jNW^M than jNwte, being the 
, prime laiidi ii^ place and market for some 
sea commodities. Now, although as 
fishionable people live here as elsewhere . 
in the City, ret much rode folk repair 
thither, so tuat one may term this the 
JEacnline gate of London, from the drone 
and dregs of the baser people flockiag 
hither. Here one may hear Im^tuu 
jwrgatriees ; yea, shrewd words are some- 
times improved into smart blows be- 
tween them. I doubt not. but that 
Borne, Venire, Paris, and all populous 
cities, have their BiUingsgate languajre, • 
' in those places where ruue people make . 
their rendezvous. Fullert Tfortluat. '. 

III short, if yon would please a Russifin 
with musick, pret a jconsort of JUiHin^s^ . 

' fftUe niahtingales, which, joyn'd with a - 
flight of screech owls, a nest of jackdaws, 
a pack of hnnicry wolves, seven hogs in* 
a windy day, and as many cats with ' 
their cprrivals, and let them sin|^ La- 

. erymie, and r that will ravish a paur of 
Russian luggs. better than all the musidc - 
in Italy, light ayres in France, marches' 
in England, or tne ^igs of Scotland. - 

Pr«9etU StaiB ofBMMia, Willi 

BiLLiNSOATRT,f. Coarsc language. 

After a great deal ui BUUn^tgatry agninst ; 
poets. Benua-Ja upon Banturqnes, 187S;' 

BiLLMAN, t. (1> A man who CMtf! 
faggots. ; r;:: 

(2) A soldier armed with a bUL \ 
\ BiLLT, t. (1) A bull Wight. 

(2) A bundle of wheat-straw* 
SomerM. ' ! 

(3) A brother, or young fellow ; : 
a term of endearment. NortX 

(4) Removal, or flying off; a term 
tited by boys at: marbles. } 

BiLLT-BiTBB, a. The black-cap^ 





tailed tit. , Nwrth. 
BiLLY-w<x. f . An owl. Ea»t, 
BiLOKB, part. p. Fastened ; locked. 
fiLQWx, «. {A.'S.) To bend; to 

BiLTBR, 9. The water-raiL North. 
BiLYVB, t. {^^•S^ Food. 
BiM-BuM, (1) f . The sound of bells. 

(JS) t. Cobwebs. SomeraeU 
BiifBBY.a^v. By and by. Somer$et, 
BiMBLDB, V. {A.'S.) To speak of 
' a thing. 

Dame, ^tod the forfelc(6, 
c Bote on that thou me noat ItawUc ^ 
IFrigki't jMecd. m.» p. S. 

BtviBNftf V. {A,'S. hemtgnan.) To 
• laVtient; to pity; to ^bemoan. 
" Part, p., bime9^, bemoaned. 
, Pret. /., Hmuule, mourned, la-- 
Bin. (1) Been. . . . 

' (2) ad9. Beinjit in thii^ sense of 
'because. **Wby dessunt stand 
up ?" ** Bin ez cant.**' Devon. 
BiND^f.'(l} Any indurated argilla- 
cebiis substance. A mining term. 
.(2) A certain number of eels; 
' according to Kennett, two hun- 
dred and fifty. 
"^) A hop-stalk. South, 
J^A) Anything that binds. East. 
BfND-coRN, f. Buck-wheat. 
BiND-DAYs, t. Days on which ten- 
ants' were bound to reap their 
lord's corn at harvest-time. 
Binding, s. (1) A hazel rod or 
thorn, used for binding the hedge- 
top's. North, 

:(2) The tiring of a hawk. 
BiNDiNO-BANO, t. A ||[irdle. 


'Ceiiitiire. A girdle, or KmUng-handt a 
girth. NowUHclator, 1586. 

BiNDiNG-BBAN-niBB,*. The black- 

Bind I NO-COURSE, 8. The t6p course 
of hay before it is bound on the 
^cart witk a rope. North, 

}«. The ae* 
cond Tues- 


day after Easter. 

BiND-wcBo, #• Th^ wild con vol* 

/ Tulus. 

Bine, It. The stalk ofthehop- 
BYNB,/ plant SeeBmd. In Cam- 
bridgeshire, aceoriding to Cam* 
den*4 BritamkUt, maU was called 

BiNETHBNf/rr^. Beneath. 

. BiNO, (1) 9. To begin to turn sour, 
said of milk. Cheth, 
{Ti adv. Away. Decker^ 
(5) 9. To go. A cant term. 

(4) 9, A superior kind of lead. 

(5) t. A bin. 

Binge, v. To soak a vessel in water 

to prevent its leaking. Line. Leie, 

It IS also used in the sense of to 

soak, generally. 
BiNOER, adj. Tipsy. JJne. 
BiNG'STBAD, #. The place where 

ore is deposited in the furnace. 

It was; also termed Hng-plactt 

and bing'Jwh, 
BiNiME, V, (/^,'S.) To take away. 
BiNK, ». A bench. North. *' The bini 

of a coal-pit,'* the subterraneous 

vault in a mine. 
BiNNE, attv. {J.-S.binnan.) Within. 
BiNNiCK, ». A minnuw. Somers, 
BiNSTUAD, t. A bay in a barn for 

housing corn. Norihampt. • 

BiPARTED, \^J' {Lat. biparti.' ^ 

■ BIPARTI1 ED, j tu8;) Parted in two. j 

Of Quiiitus Raiui«ta hit father's third son. 

'As if poe tree .bare two boughs^Douc be- 
side ; 
So thou dost all thinn in two parts diridep 
If all thiiiK else should bipartiUi be, 
"What of thy faikers goods would come to 
thee? .Owen* 8 Epi^anu, 1677. ^ 

BiauAssHEN, V. (A.'S.) To crus^ 

to pieces. 
BiRAFTE, \pret. t. of iireva. Be* ' 
BiRAujTB, J reft. 
BiRCHiNG-LANB. '^ To Send ft per- - 

son to birehing-lane^* a proverbial 

phrase far ordering him to be ; 





BfBD, i 9.(j.'$,) A lady. ATery 
"BURO, I common word in early 
9RID, J ^l^iiglish poetry. 

Bird, (1) t. The pupil of the eye. 

' (2) t. Any pet animal. Kent. 
' (3) a. Bread. Exmoor, 
I)iRp-BATTiNOy t. A method of 
' eatching birds at night with a 

net and light. 
Bird-bolt, t. (1) A short thick 
arrow wiih a broad flat end, used 
to kill birds without piercing. 
(2) The burbot. 
Bird- BOY, #. A boy who drives 

birds from the corn. 
Bird-call, «. A small whistle used 

- to imitate the call of birds. 
Birder, t. (1) A bird-catcher. 


(2) The wild cat. 
Bird-eyed, adj. Near-sighted. 
BiRDiMO, t. Bird-catching. 
Bird-knappino, 9, Frightening 

away birds from corn by noise. 

Devon. It is termed bird-keeping 

in Northamptonshire. 
Bird's-eyb,«.(1) Germanderspeed- 


(2) Some kind of cloth. 

' 166fi, Mny 14. To church, it being Whit- 
Sonday; my wife very fine in % new 

' yeliuw bird^9-€ife hood, at the fashion is 
MOW. fefyi Diary, 

BiRDs'-iiBAT, 8. Haws. SomerteU 
BiRDSNiBSy t. A term of endear* 

- ment. 

Dont talk to a body lo; I cannot hold 
4>ut if thou dost, my eyep « ill run over, 
poor fool, poor biramUs, poor lambkin I 
Oitcuy, Soldier's Ffrtune, 1681. 

Bird-tenting, «. Watching the 
birds to drive them away from 
the corn. 

BtBB, ». (J.'S.) A stall; t cow- 

BiREDi (1) V. (A.'S.) To counsel. 
(*4)part,p. Buried. 

BiRBLAY, t. (A.'N.) A Tirelay. 
Perhaps b mere clerical error. 

BiRBPB, V. To bind. 

BiRRVE, 9. To bereaTe. 

BiBKWE, V. {A,'S.) To me. 

BiRPUL, adj. Roaring. 

Biro AND, \t. A sort of wild 


BiRGB, r. A bridge. NortkampL 

BiRiEL, t. Burial; also, a grave. 

BiRK, t. A birch -tree. North, 

BiRL, t. A rattling noise. North, 

BiBLADY. By our Lady. North, 

Bible, 9. (1) {jL-S.) To poor out; 
to draw wine. 
(2) To powder; to spangle. 

BiBLBR, t. The master of the reTelt 
at a bidding-wedding in Cumber* 
land, one of whose duties is to 
superintend the refreshments. 

BiBLET, t. {Fr. bovrlet,) A band 
for a lady's head. 

BiBNY, t. {^A,'S,) A cuirass, or coat 
of mail. 

Bibb, t. (J,'S,) Force; impetus; 
a rapid whirling motion. North* 

BiBBET, 8. A hood. Skinner, 

BiBSB, a. A bristle. North. 

BiBSEL, V. To roast, or to broil. 

BiBT, t. A kind of turhot. '' Bjfrft 
fyshe, rhombiu." Huloet, 

BiBTH, «. A place; a station. 

BiBTHDoUt t. Birthright. 

BiBTH-woBT, o. The aristolochit. 
The English and C«reek names 
have the same signification (the 
latter from dpiora rai( X^xoiCt 
I. e.t good for women in child* 

BiRTLE, (1) adj. Brittle. Eaet. 
(2) t. A summer apple. Yorkfh, 

BiBYB, •: {A.'S,) A city, or town. 

Bis, t. (1) (^.-iNT.) A silk of fine 
texture, generally described with 
the epithet /m>:pi^. " Purple and 
bis " are sometimes mentioned . 
separately, but the former is then - 
probably used as the name of a 

Girt Windaore Caitle rmnde. Aaonlsi^ 
Under a caiiapie of ciymtoo bjfsttf 




iMBgWd witk cold and ictwithBilvcrbcIi, 
ftat sweetlie cnimcd, aud laid me bidfc •- 

PgeWt Honor 0/ tke OarUr, 1^9^. 

(Z) A black or dark grey colour. 
. B18AYE, 1 V. (A.'S,) To see fit ; 

BTSEI6HE, J think fit. 

BisoAN, #. A finger-glove. Devon, 

BiscHEDB, V. To overAow. 
' BiscHBT, part* p. Shut up. 

BiiscHYNB, V. To shine upon. 

BiscoBE, adv. Immediately. 

BiscoT, t. {A.'S,) A fine imposed 
on the owners of marsh lands for 
not keeping them in repair. 

BiscoTiN, ». {Fr.) A confection 
made of flour, sugar, marmalade, 
eggs, and other ingredients. 

Bisc'JiT, 9, A plain cake as distin- 
guished from a richer one. Smsex, 

Bisk, r. (A.-S,) To look about. 

BiSBGOBN, v. (J.'S.) To reproach. 

BiSBKBN, 1 r. {A.'S.) To be- 
BisECHBN, J seech. 

B18ELBT, «. A carpenter's tooL 

BisBMBN, V. {A.'S.) To appear. 

BisBN, adj. Blind. See Bitne. 

B18BNDB, V. (^.-^.) To send to. 
. BisBTTBN, V, To place ; to set. 

BisGEE, a. A short-handled mat- 
tock, to serve for a pickaxe and 
axe. We9t. 

B18BBEWB, 9. (A,'S.) To curse. 

BiSHETTB, V. To shut Up. 

Bi&HOP, (1) #. A kind of punch 
made of roasted oranges, lemons, 
and wine. The name is said to 
have been derived from a custom 
in old times of regaling bishops 
with spiced wine, when they 
visited the University. Its cha- 
racter is giYen in the following 

nree caps of this a prudent man may take i 
The fjrst of these for constitution's sake. 
The aeoond to the lass he lovss the best. 
The third and last to lull him to his rest. 

(2) 9, A popular name for a lady- 

(3) 9. To make artificial marks 

on a horse's tooth, in order td 
deceive buyers as to its age. 

(4) V. To confirm. BUhqppinf^ 

Wanne the bisschop hUsekcpeth the, 
Tokene uf OMrke he set to the. 

WtUiam de Shonkom 

(5) 9. A pinafore or bib. Warw. 

(6) 9. To water the balls, a term 
among printers. 

(7) #.. "That firy round in t 
burning candle called thebUhqpJ' 

Bisbop'd milk, 9. Milk that is 
burned in the boiling, whence it 
acquires a particular taste. In 
Staffordshire it is called griet'd 
or grew'd milk. In many parts, 
especially in Shropshire and Che- 
shire, when milk is burned, in- 
stead of saving ** it ta bishop' d^" 
the phrase is, "the bishop has 
set bis foot in it." 

Blease Cialey, good mistriss, that hukof 

doth ban, 
For buiuing the milk of her cheese to the 

pan. Ttuier'i Hu^muby, 

When a thinze speadeth not well, we 
borowe speach and saye. The bjf*$kop0 
hath blessed it, because that uoihinge 
speadeth well that they medyll withall. 
If the podeche be burned to, or the 
roeate over rosled, we saye. The h**^^^ 
hath put his fote in the potte. or Hbe 
bysshope playd the coke, becanse the 
byshopes Durn who thei lust and who- 
soever disuleaseth them. 
J^ndale, Obedience of a ChfutmMan, 153&. 

BisH0P*8-FiNGBB, 9. A guide-post. 

BisHOPSWoBT, t. {A.'S^ A plant, 

' a species of eartam, 

BijSiB, adj, (A.'S,) Busy. 

BisiLKE, 9. Some kind of silk. 
**Bi9ilke the groce conteyning 
xii. dossen peces, x.f ." Rate9 ^ 
Cu9iome Hou9e, 1545. 

BisiTTBN, r. To beset. 

BisB, (1) a. A terin at tennis, a 

stroke allowed to the weaker 

party to equalise the players. 

Car. 1 am for you at tennis. 

Priga. I'll give you a bi$i at Longs for ten 

poi^ Shadmell, IVm My&m, l«7il 

" 0!) 9, To erase. 

Tliis was at length complained off: and 
lie was forced to beg pardon upon his 
knees at tlie council table, aud send them 
ft he books] back ajrain to the king's 
kitchen to be bitk'd, aa i think the wurd 
U ; that is, to be rub'd over with au iukj, 
r- brush. 

Calumjf, Account ofMxmtUn ^eted^ 

(3) «. Broth made by mixingj 
several kinds of flesh. 

BisMARK, 1 «. {A,'S. bismer,) In-' 
BisMBKB, J famy ; disgprace ; con- 

Of chidynn snA of chalangyiige 
Was his chief Imode, 
With bakbityns^ and Umi«iv, 
Andberyiige of I'als witnesse. 

Fieri PL, \ S649. 

BiSMB, 9. (^..JV.) An abvas; a pit. 

BiftNB, (1)«. (J..S, bi9en.y AUind^ 
(2) 9. (ji.'S.iyin,) An example. 

BiBVEwiD, part, p. Covered with 

BiSNiNO, #. Beestings. 

BisoGNio. See Bezonian. 

Bi80KNB» t. Delay; sloth. Mod. 

Bison, «. A bull. 

BisPEi^, V, (1) To speak, to ac- 
(2) To counsel. 

BispBL, «. (1) (J.^S,) A term of 
: ireproach. Cumi. 

. (2) A natural child. 

^tscKBBN, ». {A,'S,) To lock up. 

Bi8PRBN6DB,/;ar/./i. Sprinkled. 

Biss, f. {A-N') A hind. 

BisBADBWB, V. To shade over. 

BidsBN. Art not. WHt, 

BissTN, 1 V. To lull childf^n to 

^ BTSjYXB, J sleep. Fmmpt. P, 

BiST. Tlfou art; art thou ? We9t, 

Bi&TANDB, r. {A,'S,) To stand 
by or near. 

BisTRRB. ». To bestir. 

BitiTocKTB, «. A stock of provi- 
sions laid by. 
;9iBT&BTB, «i4'. Scattered, 


BiswiNKBN, r. To labour har£ 
BisYHED, «. (A,'S.) BusioeMf 

trouble; ' 
Bit, (l)j»ret. ^ Biddeth. 

(2) f. The lower end of a poker. 
It is also used as a verb, to put b 
new end to a poker. We$t 

(3) #. The nick of time. Norf^. 
BiTAivrt, pret. i. ofdt/oJte. Gave. 
BiTAKB, r. (A.'S.) To give; to 

commit to. 
Bitch,*. (1) A term of reproach, 
given more especially to die 
female companion of a vagrant. 
The term ** byche-clowte" Js 
applied to a worthless womatr,'in 
the Gov. My St., p. 218. 
(2) A miner's tool for boring 

' North. 

^ BiTCH-DAuoHTBR, «. The nigfa^ 

mare. Yorksh. 

BiTlE, (1) To bite the ear, was oii^c 

' ail ^ expression of endearment. 

Ben Jpnson has bitinff the nofe 

in a similar sense. Sfb bite Me 

•ihumb at a person, was an in- 

suit; the. thumb in this action 

represented tifig, and the \vh<ne 

was equivaleut to giving the 

Jlco, a relic of an obscene gesture. 

— Dags and pistols I 

-«— Wear I a sword 
To see men Me tMr- iiup^s f 
Bandoljfh, Mntet'L. Glau, 0. £1^ ix, 88p. 

Tis nn less disrespectful to Me ikenail 
«r jfour ihnmi, by way of scorn and 
disdain, and drawing your nail from 
between your teeth, to 'tell them 'yoa 
value not this what thev can do. ' ' 


(2) V. {A^S.) To drink. 

Was therinne no page so Bte, 
That erere wolde ale bite. 

Umelok, ITSi. 

(3) «. The hold which the shtOit 
end of a lever has upon the thing 
to be lifted. . > 

(4) V. To smart ' 
'*) To cheat. 




4merc1iant hearing tlia* great preacher, - 

Smith, . X *mi. 

rreach agkinat naiiry, that art of f^^ij^- 
.. Loyal GarUmdy I680 

"BiTicL, f. A large wooden haronier 
' used in splitting wood. Berk$, 

BiTHENKE. V. {^S) To COH- 

trive. PreLt., biihoughi. * 

BiTOM, "I ^ fj,.N.) A bittern. 


BiTRENT, adj. Twisted. 

BiTP, #. An instrtment used in 

blasting in mines. North. 
BiTTB, (1) #. The steel part of 

an ale. 

(2) pref. t of bidde. Bad. 
BiTTERBUMP,#. The bittern. Lane, 
BiTTERMENT, f. Arbitrcmcnt. Hey* 
' • woodf 1556. 

BiTTBR-SWEET, "1#. A SOrt Of 


For al iuchc tyroe of lore is lore. 

And like unto the hitter-swete ; 

*l'or thougli it thinke a nmn fyrat swete, 

He ahal wel felen, at laste. 

That it is aower, and maie not laate. 

Goww.ed. 1554, f. 174. 

^hy wit is a rcry hiUer-tweeting ; it is a 
, most sharp sauce. Shakeap.t Botn.t ii, 4. 

What in displeasure gone ! 
And left me such a biUersweet 10 ftanw 
. ' upoA ? *■»*■ '^"**» ^**** 

BirrBR-swBET,«. The wood night. 

shade. Gerard. 
feiTrBB»ut,«<(;% Sorrowful. Chaue. 
BiTTLtN, f. A milk.bowl. 
BiTTON, t. A bittern. 

.. Stuck with ostrige, , cranes, parrots, 
' UttoHS, cockes, and capons featjiers, 
;: JDuU. heiwem the Caf^tke Hat, 1565. 

BirntB, ad». : (^,-5.> Bitterly. 
BiTTYWELP, adv. Headlong. Bedf, 
]f|VB, f . A twin lamb. Twin lambs 
7. are still called bive lambs on the 
' borders of Sussex and Kent* 
BiWAKB, V. To watch ; to guard. 
]&iWA«i,v. To warn. 
hiwRSTK, pret. t. Turned about. 

biWBVB, ». (1) (^.-5.) To COW. 

, (2) To weave ; to woric. 
JBiwiccQB, 9. To bewitch. 

BiwiKNB^ V. (A.'S.) To mit\ to 

BfwiTB, r. {J.'S.) To know. 
BiwoPB, part. p. Full of teait | 

BiwoRPB. V. (A -S.) To cast. 
BiWREYE, V. To betray. 
BiYETB» V. To beget. 
BizoN, #. A term of reproach. 

Bizz, V. North, '" 

BizzEN-BLiND, odj. PurbUud. 

BijE, V. To buy. 
Bi ETB, #. {A.'S.) Gain. 
Bi-5UNDB,j?rq». Beyond. 
Blaa, f. Blue. Still used in 

BhAWKD, adj. Half-dried. ror*f A. 
Blaat, r. To bleat. Northampti 
Blab, s. An indiscreet chMtercr. 

Carqneteur, babillard, baquenaudiet*, 
bavard. A ftfa*. a longtongue : one that 
tclleth whatsoever he heareth. 


Til' Avre's daughter Ecehq, hauntmg 
woods among, ' 

A Uah that will not (cannot) keep her 

Who never asks, but ondy answers all, 



Blabber, v. (1) To talk idly. 

(2) To loll out the tongue. 

Tomocke anybody by *toftftor»*V ont the 
tongue is the part of waghalters and lewd 
boyes, not of well mannered children. 


(3) To whistle to a horse. 
Blabbkb-lippbd, adj. Having 

thick lips. See Blobber and Blub. 
Black, adj. Mischievous ; malig- 
i nant ; unpropitious. 
I Black-almain, 9. A kind of 
Blackamoor, s. (1) A negro. 

The Moore see pleas'd this new-made 

press* eie, . 

That she consented to him secretlye 

For to abuse her husband's marriage Dcd 1 

And soe in time, a kUukamorejht bred. 



(2) The hiill-rnsh when in full 

bloom: Hiffhi. 
Blackamoor's BSAiTTr, 9, The 

tweet scabious. Somenet. 
Black and bi.ub. The common 

phrase for a bruise of the flesh. 

Bat the miller's nieu did so baste his 
bones, and so soundly betliwack'd him, 
that thet made him both black and bine 
with theu- strokes. Babelais, i, 294. 

Black and wbitk. Writing or 
. print. 

Careful III let nothing passe without 
good biaek.ind vkite. 

Jaekc Xyntrn't Entertainmeni, a. 1. 

Black- A-vizKD, o^;. Dark in com- 
plexion. North. 

Black-bass, #. A measure of coal 
lying upon the ftatstone. Skrqp^, 

Blackberries, s. Black«corrauts. 

weather experienced at the end 
of September and beginning of 
October, when the blackberries 
ripen. Hmnpt. 

Black-brss, f. A beetle. Skrftpth. 
In Berksliire, a black-bob; in 
Yorkshire, a black-clock; and in 
Cornwall, a black-toorm. 

Black-bitch, f. A gun. North, 

Blagk-blegs,«. Bramble-berries. 

Blackbowwowbrs, «. Blackber- 
lies. North, On Michaelmas- 
day, the devil puts his foot on 
the blackberries, according to 
the general belief of the conmon 

' people. In truth, after this day 
they are seldom to be found 

Blackbbown, adj. Brunette. 

Black-bug, 8. A hobgoblin. 

Black-buried, adj. In infemum 
missus. Skinner, 

Black-burning shame, and a 
<* burning shame," are everyday 
expressions. Norihampt. 

Black cap, $, The loiiapyrrkiUa, 
Oirbulfinch.Lanc. In Cumberland, 


this name is given to the mofa* 
eiUa taHearia, sedge bird, raod 
fauvette, English mock-bird, or 
lesser reeil sparrow; in Nor* 
thamp'onshire, to the greater 

Black-caitls, 8. Homed cattle, 
including oxen, bnUs, and cows. 

Black-clock, «. The cockroach 
{blatta orieniaUs^, 

Black-coat, m, A familiar term 
for a clergyman, as a red-coat is 
for a soldier. 

Black-cross-DAT, #. St. Mark's 
day, April 25. 

Blacketed-susan, «. A well pud- 
ding, with plums in it. Sustex. 

Black-fasting, #. Rigid fasting. 
North. It is believed among the 
peasantry in North umlierland to 
l)e dangerous to meet a witch in 
a morning " black-fasting*' 

Black feathers. Large black 
feathers were fashionableiu men's 
hats about 1596. 

Bot be doth seriovsly bethitike Yam whethct 
Of the gui'd people he bee more esteem'd, ' 
For his long doake or for his aremt blacks 
femther. Sir J. Dam, Epigr, 4tl, 

Black-foot,«.(1) One who attends 
on a courting expedition, to bribe 
the servant, make friends with 
the sister, or put any friend otf 
his guard. North. 
(2) The name of a bird. 

Ifelampas, Ovid, im^miawows, nigiipeik 

Ifomendaht, ISSSw 

Black-frGst, t. Frost without 

Black-grass, «. The fox-tail grass. 

Black-guard, «. Originally a 
jocular name given to the lowest 
menials of the court, the carriers 
of coals and wood, turnspits, and 
labourers in the scullery, who all 
followed the court in its pro* 
gresses. Hence arose the modeni 
acceptation of the wghL 




R«r mi^Mty. by somr me&net I knoir 
Bot, vrna lodgea at hii loitse, EwBton, 
farre unmeet for her ) ighne8,bat filter 
for tiie blttcke garde. 

Lodg^t lUustraiionSt ii,188. 

Will yon know the coniptmions of my 
journey ? I was alone anionee a coacn- 
full of womttn, and those of uie electors 
dutchesse chamber forsooth, which you 
would have said to have been of the 
Uaeke guard. MorisonU Itinerary, 

Though some of them are inferior to 
those of their own ranke, as the blaekg 
guard in a prince's court. 

BurUMy Anatomy ofMtL 

Blackhead, «. A boil. Weii, 

Black-heaoed-pbgot, 9, The 
reed-bunting. Leie. 

Blacking, s. A kind of pudding, 
perhaps a blood-pudding ^ men- 
tioned in the 17th cent, as made 
in Defbvshire. 

Black-jack, s. (1) A large lea- 
ther can, used for beer. 

Theresa a Dead-sea of drink i'th* cellar, 
in which eoodly vessels lie wreck'd ; and 
in the middle of this delude, appear the 
tops of flagons and Uaek jacks, like 
churches drown*d i* th* marshes. 

Beaum. and f., i, 328. 

Honour is a slippery thing, yet some 
persons will come to great preferment : 
as to reign sole King of the Pots and 
Black- Jacks, ' Prince of the Spigot, Count 
Palatine of clean Straw and Provant, and 
Lord High Regent of Bashers of the 
, Coals. FoorSobin,n469 

(2) A small black caterpillar 
which feeds on turnips. 

(3) Sulphuret of zinc, as found 
in the mines. Derbysh. 

Black-jack, l #. A kind of 
black-jeru- V greens. North' 
8AL» MS, J ampL 

Black-lad-mondat, 8, Easter 
Monday, so called from a custom 
on that day at Ashton-under- 
Lyne, termed riding the black 

Blackh ACK, 8. A blackbird. 

Black-ousbl, 8, A blackbird. 

Black-men, 8, Fictitious nieh, 
enumerated ia mustering an 
army, or in demanding coin and 

Black-mondat, $, (1) Sister 

Monday; so called fix>m the se- 
verity of that day, April 14, 1360, 
when many of Edward Ill's sol* 
diers, then before Paris, died of 
the cold. 

(2) The schoolboy's term for the 
first Monday after the holidays. 

Black-monet, 8. Money taJcen 
by the servants, with their mat- 
ter's knowledge, for abstaining 
from enforcing coin and livery in 
certain places, to the prejudice of 

Black-mouthed p&ESBTTEBiAif, 
8, A man who condemns every* 
thing and accuses everybody, 
cutting off the most innocent 
indulgence, as Presbyterians are 
supposed to have done. North, 

Black-nbb, 8, The carrion-crow. 

Black ox. The black ox ha8 trod 
on hie foott a proverbial phrase, 
meaning worn with age, and 
sometimes with care. 

She was a pretie wench, when Juno 
was a young wife, now crowes. foote is 
on her eye, and the black oxe hath trod 
on her foot, Lyly, Sappho /* Ph., iv,, 1. 

l%s blacks oxs had not trod on his or 
her foote. Heyw. on Totenhaan, 

Black-polbs. 8, Poles in a copse 
which have remained after one or 
two falls of underwood. Here/* 

Black-pot, 8, Blackpudding. So* 

Blacks, «. Mourning. 

Black's TOUB eye. They shall 
not say black ie your eye — that 
is, they shall not find any accu- 
sation against you. Wanley, Fox 
Dei, 1658, p. 85, speaking of St. 
Paul's having said " that he was, 
touching the righteousnesse 
which is in the law, blamelesse," 
observes upon it, ** No man 
could say (as the proverb hath 
I it) black wot hie eyt." 




Imtk Iny lUei*» pmregtt tlumgh it ]>e 

I have oonniT'd at this yonr friend^ and 

you. h. and Fl., Lmn^t Cmrty lii, 1. 

He is the very justice o' peace of tike 
piav, and chii cummit wboni he will, 
autf what he will, error^ absurdity, aa 
' the toy takes him, and no man say 
Uack u ki$ eye, but lau/h at liim. 

B. Jons., Staple nf Newt, 1st interm. 

BiACK-SANCTUS, 9, A hurlesque 
hymn performed with discordant 
and strange noises ; any extreme 
or horrible din. 

Tliither wee came, whereat' tlie entrie 
«-«e heare a confused noise (like a 
htacke tanctus, or a house haunted with 
spirits), such hollowing, shouting, 
daunciiig, and clinking of pots, that 
sure now wre supixis'd a-ee had found, 
for all this revelling could not be with- 
out Mounsieur Mony had beene on of 
■ the orew. 

Bowley, Search far Money, 1609. 

Aad apon this there was a generall 
mourning through all Rome : the cardi- 
nals wept, the abliots howled, the monks 
roi%d, the fryers cried, the nuns poled, 
the cnrtizans lamented, the beh rana* 
and the tapers were lighted, that such 
a hiadn tanetut was not scene a long 
time afore in Rome. 

TwlUm, Newt mU qfPurg.t 1630. 

Blacksap, 8. The jaundice in an 

; advanced stage. Boat 

BLACK-SATVRttAT, «. (I) The first 
Saturday after the old Twelfth 
day, when a fair is annually 

'■•- held at Skipton. Yorksh, 

• (2) In Northamptonshire, when 
a- labourer has anticipated his 
wages, and has none to receive 
at the end of the week, they call 

-- it a hhick Saturday, 

3lack*8cull8, 8, Soldiers with 

- skullcaps on their heads. 
Black-shoes, «. Shoe-blacks, or 

- men who formerly attended in 
the streets for the purpose of 
blacking the shoes or boots of 
any passengers who required it. 

' This was a common practice in 
^ London at the commencement 
of the present eentory. 

Black-spicb, 8* Blackberries. 

Black-sundat,«. Passion Sunday, 
BLACKTBoaN, «. Tlic sloc tree. 

Spinas A hlaehe tkome tree: a sloe 
tree: a snag tree. Nomenclator, 158S 

Blackthorn -CHATS, 8. The young 
shoots of blackthorn, when they 
have been cut down to the root. 

Blackthorn-wintbr, f. Cold 
weather experienced at the end 
of April and . begiiiuing of M^, 
When the blackthorn is iu bloss- 

Black-tin, f. Tin ore ready for 

Black- wa d, 8* Manganese in its 
nattjral state. Derbysh, 

Black- WATER, 8. Phlegm or blaek 
bile Oh the stomach, a disease in 
sheep: York8h. 

Black- WITCH, 8, A maleficent 


According to the vulgar conceit, dis- 
tinction IS usually made between the 
white and the hlaei witch; the good 
and the bad witch. The had witch they 
are wont to call him or her that worket 
malefioe or niischiefe to the bodies of 
men or beasts } the oood witch they 
count him or her that helps to reveale, 
prevent, or remove the same. OmUt. 

Black worm^it. The black beetle. 

,BLACK8AUNT^'«i (corrupted from 

•^kLck8mietu8,) Any confused or 

hideous noise. 
Bladdbr-heade)), adj. Stupid. 
^Blaihibrs^ 8.{\) '{A,'S. bkedrk.) 

Little rising Mikters of the skiiy 

(2) The air bubbles in bread. ^ 

Petite vescie du pain. A bladder or 
little swelling bump rising in the crnst of 
a lofe of bireauL iVoawiKrie/or, 1586. 

(3) The kernels of wheat afiTected 
by the smut. Ea8i. 

Blade, (1) v. To trim plants qr 

hedges. Shrx^ah, It is an oM 

' word, for it occurs in the Pron^pt. 

Parv., ^' bladyne herbys, or tidta 

•way the bUtdys, deiinOt" 




(2) t. A hnA, mettlettime, sharp, 
. keen, and active young man. 

- la 1607, Saomel Carrett, son to Donald, 
a villan belowe the bnrne, buried SIth 
of May, my irodson (and a stout Made) 
yet died, Samael Bobinson being then 

r aimister. 

I RUMaM*$ T4mr ioti^I. cfMim. 

And as he came to Nottingham, 
. A tinker he did meet, 

And seeinv him a lusty tifade. 
He did him kindly greet. 

BMn Rood, »i 89. 

'- (3)v. la blade it, to play the 

bhide, to go about vauntingly. 

Bladbd-lebk, 9. A kind of leek. 

Petit porrean, porrette, eiYette. Tlie 
nnset leeke: maiden leekes: Ifi^d 
leeket. NomeucliUor, 1585. 

•BjlAdBs, 8.(1) The principal raft- 

. ers of a roof. 

. (2) The shafts of a cart. South. 

(3) ** Blades or yarne wyndles, 
jui instruiuente of butwyferv, 
gnyiaut," IhUoet 

Bx.4DBSMiTB» 8, A maker of 

Bladoe,.«. a low woman. Lme. 
Bladibr, 8. An engrosser of corn. 
SLAB-aKftftTy a. The bilberry. 

Bl^c, 8. {A.'S.) The grease taken 

off the cart-wheels or ends: of 
..'the axle-tree, kept till dry, and 

then made in balls, with which 
' the tailors rob and blacken their 

thread. ' Given hy Kennett as a 
:: ' Yorkshire wont 
Blafkoo&de. a person with any 
: defect in his speech. Pr, P» 
Blain, (\)v. {4.'N,) To blaneh; 

- to whiten. North* 

(2) 8, (J.-S.) A boil ; an emp- 
• tion. ** B/isyne or whealke. Pa- 

jmla:* Huloet. 
Blakb, (1) adj. (J.^S.) Bleak; 
'. cold; nidied. North. 
> (2)r. Tocry tilloaiofbreath, 

or burst with langhter ; to faint ; 
, to turn black in the face. Devon. 
: (3) a^. (^.-5.) YeUow. 

(4) 9. (k.&) To bleaph;.to 

fade. To make his brows SMa,^ 

or tarn pale, was a common po* 

etical phrase, equivalent to,( to 

vanquish him. 

And as he neghet bi a noke,' 
The king stureniy htnn stn»ke. 
That bothe his brees eon Umk0s 
His maisiry he mekes 

Bobson*$ Metr. Bom., p. 61 

Blaked. Ai)*- Blackened. Chaucer. 
Blakeling, 8. Tlie yellow |)uuf. 

ing. North. 
Blakbs, 8. Cow-dung dried for 

Blarnb, v. (J.'S.) To turn black in 

the face ; to grow angry. . 
Blame, adj. Blameworthy. The 
phrase *' too blame ** occurs not 
unfrequently in the old drama- 

— T' are /M ktmrne. 
And, Besse, yon make me angry.* . . • 
The girle was much too blame. 

T. ffeywood, Bngl. Trot., sign. 6. 

I were too blame if I should not tell 
theeanie thiifg. 

MeneekmM$,0. PL, i, US. 

Blambplvm . (A.'N.) White-lead. 

B LAN, jTTtf/. /. (A.'S.) Ceased.: 

Blanc, 1 (in the fern. g. blaneho 
BLAUNC,jand blavnehe,) adj, 
{A.'N.) White. It is used! in 
several terms and phrases,^ of 
which the following are ihe 

Blanche brbwet, #• A sort <|f 

For to make bUmele hrewet de Alyntyn. 
Mym kedys and ehekenvs, and hev 
' hem in morsell^s, and setii hem in al- 
mand mylk, or in kyne mylke. Grynd 
gyngyver, galingale, and cast thereto; 
and boyle it, and serve it fortbe. . 

TFamer's Jntiq. Culin., p. S9. 

Blanc db sor£, *| «. A dish 
blank DBSSORR^y in cookery, 
blank de8ir£ >for making 

BLANK DE 8URY, I which the 

blaundesor£, J following is 
one of the receipts : 

Blank deesorri. Take almandes blanche^ 
' grynde hem, and temper hem up witt 

whyte wyne, or fleissA day with broth, 
.. and cut thitrwnnn iloer of lya, othcf 



a^pd MB ; attd lye it Cherewitli. TrIm 
krairii of e%pous y-irroniid ; take sn|rnr 
■■d salt, mid cast thereti), and Ikinsh 
it with aaeya whyte. Tnke a vessel ^ • 
holes, and pat iu snfron, and serve it 
forth. Fonu rf Cmrg, p. 10. 

BLANCHB-rBVKRB, «. '* The agues 
wherwith maidens that have the 
greene-sicknesse are troubled." 

Blamc-manob, 1 «. A dbh in 
BLXNCMANOBR, J cookery. 

Bla»k-wumg. Ttike capons, and seeth 
hem, theiine take hem up. Take al- 
mandes blanched, ^trynd henn, and alay 
hem up with the same broth. Cast tlw 
ntylk in a not ; waisshe nrs, and do 
thereto, anu lat it seeth. Tlianne take 
brawn of capouns. teere it smalie and 
do thereto. Take white ^reece, sugar, 
and salt, and cast Iheremne. Lat it 
■eeth. Then niesse it forth, and florish 
it with aneys in coiifyt, rede other 
whyte, and with alniandes fryed in 
■ oyte, and serve it forth. 

Rfrme of Cwy, p. 10. 

Blanc-plumb, «. White-lead. 

BLANCHB-poBRfi, 9. A dish in 


BUumeke porrS. Take the Qwyte of 
lekes, and parboyle hom. and new horn 
imalle; and take onyons, and mynse 
hom titer- with, and do hom in a pot, 
and put thereto {code broth, and let hit 
bovle, and do therto smale briddes, and 
•eth hom therewyth, and colour hit 
wyth saffron, and do therto pouder 
marchaut, and serve hit forth. 

Wumeft Jntiq. CuUn^t p. 51. 

Blanch, (1) t. Ore when inti- 
mately mixed with other mate- 

(2) V. To whiten; to change 

(3) V. To peel anything. 

(4) V. To shift off; to jevade. 
Blanchrr, s. Anything set round 

a wood to keep the deer in it. 

Men were sometimes employed 

for this purpose. 
Blanch-farm/s. An annual rent 

paid to the lord of the manor* 

Bland AifBNT, 1 a. Blandishment; 
BLANDYMBNTB, J flattery. 
Blandb, (1.) B<{f . Blended ; mixed. 

(2) V. To flatter. 
Blandisb, v. (^.-JV.) To flatter. 
Blandbkll, la. {Fir, bltm* 

blaunderbllb, J ifureott.) A 

kind of apple. 
Blank, a. (Mr.) (1) The white 

mark in the centre of a butt, at 

which the arrow was aimed; 

the mark, the aim, a term in 


(2) A small coin, struck by 
Henry V in France, worth about 
four pence. 

(3) The name of a game at dice. 
pLANKEB, a. (1) A spark of fiie. 


(2) A white garment. 
Blankkt- PUDDING, t. A long 

round pudding, with jam spread 

over the paste, and then rolled 

up. Suites, 
Blankbtt, U. a kind of bird. 


Blank-matins, a. Matins sung 
over night. 

Blanknbss, a. Paleness. 

Blanks- AND-pRi zes, #. Beans and 
boiled bacon chopped up and 
mixed together, the beans being 
considerml biank^ and the meat 
iht prize. Shropth. 

Blank-sorrt, t. See Blane-de" 

Blanpetn, a. (^.-JV.) Oxford 

Blanscub, «. A misfortune; an 

unexpected accident. Somer$eL 
Blarb, 9. (1) To put out the 

tongue. Yorkth. 

A mocke with the tong, by putUng it 
ont; a hiaring as a dog ciotn that ia 
th i I stie and dry. Nomaielator, 1585. 

(2) To roar ; to bellow ; to bleat ; 
to cry. Var. dial. The following 
has been given us as a genuine 
sample of Norfolk dialect : <' Lot 
mor dont »'n blarin o* that ne ;" 
which means, literally, *< There* 
girl, do not stand crying in that 




.~ (S) To tiJk loud. StuwejF. 
Blart, 9. To bleat. Norihamp, 
. and J>tc. 
Blase, v. To blazon arms. See 

Blasb, (I)- v. To splash; to paint. 

' (2) #. Nonsense ; rubbish. Line. 

Weak liquor is popularly called 

Nashment, and is said to be 

Bx.asht» adj, (1) Thin, poor, spo- 
ken of liquor. Norlhan^* 
. (2) Wet and windy. 
Blasour, 9, A flatterer. 
BiJ^ss, 8, The motion of the 

Blassbn, 9. To illumine* 
Blast, (1) b, {A.-S.) To boast. 
. (2) V. To miss fire. Deron. 

(3) V. To raise the eyes in 

'astonishment. Devon. 
. (4)«. An inflammation or wound, 
• attributed often to the action of 

witchcraft. Somertet. 

(5) 8, The blight. Su88€*. 
Blastea, adj. Beaten down by the 

wind, applied to hay. North. 
BhABTKS, part. p. Blown. 
Blastment, 8. A sudden stroke of 
. infection. 
Blast, v. To blazon; set forth. 

Blatant, adJ.(Lat.) (1) Bellowing. 
. A word perpetuated by Spenser 
. in bis term of the** blatant beast." 

(2) Prattling. 
Blatch, V, To smear or dirty. 
. Gloue. 
Blate, (l).r. To bellow. North, 

[2) adj. Bashful; timid. North, 

[3) adj. Cold ; bleak. 
Blatkroon, 8. A babbler. 
Blather, v. To talk nonsense; to 

talk up. 

There's nothinz ga!n*d bv being witty ; fame 
Gath«r« bnt wind to blather up a name. 

Beaumont and Fletcher, i, U. 

Blatteb, 8. A puddle. North 
Blaun, a^. {A.'N) Whitei. 


Blaukcb, t. A Main ; a patdi ol 

large pustules blended in one. 
Blaunchrttb, 8. {J.'N) Fin» 

wheaten flour. 
Blaunchmer, a. (J.^N.). A kind 

of fur. Syr Degor4, 701. 
Blaunch-pebretb,*. SeelMkmeile- 

Bl AUNDBSORE,*. SeeB&iftei><2?-«0f^ 
Blaun RR, 8. A kind of fur, perhapa 

the same as blaunchmer, 
Blautch, 8. A great noise. Northm 
Blautht, adj. Bloated. Ea8t. 
Blaybb, (1) v. To prattle ; to prate. 

Pa8ton Lett., iv, 22. 

(2) 8. The corn blne-bottle. 

Blaw, v. To cry loud. Su88es, 
Blaws, v. (1) To blow. 

(2) To put to the. bom, or ex- 


And neveitlielei in him waa more caase 
of cnreing than in nua that today are< 
blawun in the kirk. 

Apology for the loilarde, p. Si. 

Blawino, «. A swelling. North, 
Blawnyno, 8. White-lead. 
Blawort, 8. The com blue-bottle. 
Blawzb, f. A blossom. YorJtnh, 
Blat, (I) t. A blaze. Etsev, 

(2) V. To bleat. 
Blaze, (1) a. A yule-log. 

(2) V. To spear salmon. North* 

(3)'f. A pimple. Yorieh, 

(4) r. To blazon. 

I beare the badge within my brest, 
Wlierin are Mauie your colours brave. 
TurberviUef Epig. and Sonnettes, lS0ft 

Blazed, (I) adj. A term applied 

to a horse when it has a white 


(2) To a tree when marked for 

Blea, (1) adj, (^.-&) TeUow. 


(2) High ; exposed, in situation. 

(3) f. The part of the sub-stem 
of a tree between the bark ind 
the hard wood. • 



BtvXcHr^MJ^*. BrtiCkiih. Somenei, 
Blbao, «. Fruit. Verstegan, 
Bl#Bj^K« (1) 9. To bieacb. 

(2) a4f. {A.^S. hkBC,) Pale with 
rcold; palUd, sickly. 

Palle, et blesme. A hleakg, pale, or 
« ■omewhat yellowiih colour. 

(3) ttfr. Sheepish. JEbf/. 
Blbaet^v. To scold; to make a 

. noise. 
Blbasb, a. (^.-5. hkt$e.) A blaze. 

BLBAT»<xi^*. Cold; bleak. JTen/. 
Blbatbr, f. A cant term for mat- 

Blbather, f, A bladdei;. North, 
Blbaut, '\i,^A,-N. bleattSy blU 
BLiAUT, I otur.) A kind of robe 
'BLiHAUT, I which fitted close to 
blihaudJ the body. The editors 
' of early English poetry have 

commonly turned the « into an 

fi, and printed bliant instead of 

bliatU, and it has even been cor- 

fupted into bleaunt, 
Blbb, (1) f. A drop of water; a 

bubble. North. 

(2) r. To drink. North. 

(3) i. A blister. 

Blech, s. Bleach ; water in which 

hides have been tanned* 
BLechb, adj, {A,»N) White. See 

BleckbN) V, To make black. 
BLRDDsit, (1) «. A blister. 

How mey tbat be-f wo dar theroppe iteije, 
For doujte of fotes hUddre. 

WiUian de Shoreham, 

(2) ». To cry. North. 
Bx<B])B,'f. Blood. 
.Blbden, 9. (/f.-5.) To bleed.. 
EIlbde#ort» a^ The wild poppy. 
Bleb, a. {A,'S, bieo ) (1) Colour; 
, complexioA. '" Bn;li& of blee'* is 

not an uncommon epithet of a 


(SI) In a secondary sense^eottnte- 

Aance, feature. , 

Blbecu, a. The bleachiBg-gronid. 

Bleed, v. To yield abundantly* 
Com is said to Meed well when 
it is productive on being thrashed. 

Blkbdino-boist, s. a cupping*! 

Blbbdino-hbart, t. The wall- 
flower. We9i. 

Bleef, Ipret.tofbOeven. Rc- 

BLEFEDE, y^^„^j 

bleft, J 

Blbff, Aff. Turbulent ; noisy. iSna/. 
Bleffin, «. A block or wedge. 

Blbikb, v. (A.'S.) To turn pale; . 
Bleine, «. (A.'S.) A pustule. 

^if!Il V<«&'. Bashful. North. 
blate, J y . 

BLEKB,(l)a4r. Black. Prony^. P. 
Blelt, adv. Blithely. 
Blbme, a^if. Powerful. MorteArtS 
BLEMfSHyV. Aiiuuting terra, when 

the hounds, finding where the 

chase has been, offer to enter, 

but return. 
Blemheab, 8* A plumber^ .Z 

Blemmlb, v. To mix anything with 

a fluid, as flour with water, by' 

moving. North. . 
Blench, (1) v.{A.'S.) To8tart,or 

fly off; to draw back. 

(2) 9. A start or deviation. 

(3) a^ A glimpse. ITearw. T 
(4)«. To wink, to glance. Shake^. 
(5) V. To impeach; to betray. 

.(6)». A fault. North. 1 

Blench rr, t. A nything that fright- 

eiis, or causes to s\art. : 

Blbncorn, 9. Wheat mixed with 

rye. York9h. 
Blend, «. To pollute or confound.- 

And all these storms that now his beanty * 

ShaJl turn to calms, and timely dear away. ■; 

Spenser^ Soim^t 6x. , 

Blende, (I) v. {A.-S.) To blind, 

(2) adj. Blind. 
BuBNDiiio, atfl. Cloudy. 




BtsNOiNGs^ 8, Peas and beans 

mixed together* 
Blend-wAter,*. An inflammatory 
disease to whioh black cattle are 
TTiable. Korih. 
BbENB, V, (A.-S.) To blister. 
V j(2) To arise, to bubble up. 
BuiNOB, V. To hinder. Tuner, 
Blenkard, f. A person near- 
''Slgbted, or almost blinds- Norlh*'< 
Blenkbr, f. A fighting-cock with 

-dnly oheeyeJ" -' A .« s . 
Blenke,«. (:1) To glan^e>-at:; to 
" wii/k. 

(2) To appear ; to shine. 

(3) To wince. '. V 
Blenkbe, V. Mmgere perpartte, 
Blenks, #. Ashes. West, 
BiiSNS, «. A fish, i^tgadug bar' 

Blenschen, v. To darken ; to ble- 
Blent. The ftret. t, and part, p, of 
.'.blendt blende ^ and blenke, 
Bleren, V, {J,'S.) To blear; to 
make a person's sight dim. To 
** blere one's eye" to impose upon 
a person. 
Blbschbn, v. To extinguish a fire. 

Prompt P, 
B1.B8B, f. A blaze. Prompt. P, 
Bless, v. (1) To wave or brandish 
. a sword. Spenser. 

(2) (Fr.) To wound. 
Blessino-thb-fire-out. Anope« 
.ration performed generally, I be- 
lieve a. ways, by a female. She 
wets her forefinger with spittle, 
..and moves it in a circular slow 
manner jover and round the part 
. that majr have been burnt or 
scalded, at the same time mutter- 
ing inaudibly a suitable incanta- 
tion or blessing, in the .mysteries 
of which I am not initiated. This 
. I have often seen done^ and have, 
indeed, not unfrequently. experi- 
' ertced the benefits, be they what 
- thev mav, of the process. Moor*s 

Blbssbdlocurbb, atff. Blessedlf. 
Blbssino-pirbs, «. Hidsumtofr 
Fires. West. 

Neddy, that was wont to make 
' Sudh great feasting at the wcJec^ 
^d the blessinff fire. 
Browne!' f Sh^hertTi 2^, 1773. : 

Blbssino-wi tch, 9. The white or 

good witch. 
Bletch, f. Black, greasy matter ; 

the grease of wheel-axles. Staf. ' 
Blbtheliche, tfifv. Blithely; free* ^ 

ly; joyfully. 
Blether, 9. A bladder. 
. Blether-head, 9. A blockhead.. 

Bletinoe, adf. (J.'S,) Flaming., 
Bleve, 1 v. To. stay; to remain. 

blewe, j See Bileve, 
Blew-blow, 9. The corn-flower.. 

Blewino, 9. Blue paint. 
Blewit, 9. A kind of fungus. Nbrtk, 
Blexter, s. a person who blacks. 
Bletb, atff. Blue. 
Blbymb, f . An inflammation in the 

foot of a horse. 
Bleynasse, 9, Blindness. 
Blbtstbr, f. A bleacher. 
Bliake, f. A bar of wood with. 

holes to take the soles of a hurdle 

while being wreathed. Dors. , ; 
Blice, f. Lice. North. 
BLicKBin*, atg. Bright; shining. 

BLiD8,f. Wretches. JDewm. 
Blioh, adj. Lonely ; dull. Kent, 
Blighted, adf* Stifled. «* Blighted 

with the heat.'' Qjtfd. 
Blikbn, v. (1) {J.-S.) To quiver. 

(2) (J.-S.) To shine. 
Blim, r. To gladden. Prompt, P. 
Blinch, v. (i) To keep ofl". 
#.(2) To catch. a sight of a thing 

or person. Comnio.' 
Blind, (1) adj. Obscure. 

(2) Abortive, applied to flowert'. 
and herbs. Var. diaL 

(3) f. A fence for skouts and 
sentinels, made of bundles .ol 




rfiedt, canes, or osien, to hide 
^theni from being teen by the 
enemy; an old military term. 

Blind*i8-thboCat, s. An old 
Chrittmas game, perhaps blind- 
.man's buff. 

Blind- ALEHOUSE, t. 

Is the Adler at hand that ns'd to ply at the 
Uiitd-aUkouM f 

etherise, Camcal Beoengs, 1669. 

Blind-ball, a. A fungus. 

Blind-euckt-davt, «. Blind- 
man's buff. Somerset and Glove* 

Blind-buzzard, t. A cockchafer. 

Blind-days, f. Tlie^r*/ three days 
of March, which were formerly 
considered as unlucky, and upon 
which no farmer would sow any 
seed. Devon, 

Blind-eyes, a. The corn-poppy. 

Blind-hob, t. Blind-man's buff. 

Blind-hookt, f . A game at cards. 

Blind-man's-buff, a. (1) A well- 
known children's game, 
: (2) A kind of puff-ball. 

Blind-m an's-holydat, a. Twi- 

Blind-hares, a. Nonsense. Detfon. 

Blind-nettle, a. Wild hemp. 

BLiND-siifr a* Blind-man's buff. 

B.LiND-THARM, 9. The bowel-gut. 

Blind-worh , a. The slow-worm. 

Blinders, a. Blinkers. North. 

Blinding- bridle, a. A bridle 
with blinkers. 

Blindfrllene, v. To blindfold. 
Pr. Parv. 

Blindino-board, a. An instru- 
ment to restrain an unruly cow. 

Blinds, s. A term for a black 
fluor about the vein in a mine. 

Blinb, 8. A kind of wood. Skinner. 

Blink. (1) a. A spark of fire, glim- 
mering or intermittent light. 

(2) r. To erade; to avoid tlif 

sight of. North.. 

f3) V. To smile. North, 
4)r. To wink. 

[5) Blinking the malt, is putting 

it to. work too hot. CamMdge. 

Blinkard, f . One who sees badly. 

Blinked, adj. Stale or sharp, ap« 

plied to beer. 
Blinker, a. A term of contempt. 

Blinks, a. An old hunter's term. 

BruieSt bonghes rent hy hnnten from 
trers, and leu in the view of a datre, or 
cast overiliwart tlie way wherein he is 
likely to patse, thereby to hinder his 
ruiminij;, and to recover him the better; 
onr wood-men call them kUnkei. 


Blinks, v. (1) {A.-S. bUnnan.) To 


(2) To stop, to delay. 
Blirt, v. To cry. North. 
Blisful, ad/. Joyful ; blessed. 
Blish-blash, a. Sloppy dirt. 

Blissb, r. (1) (J,'S.) To bless. 

(2) (Fr.) To wound. 
B LI8SBNE, gen. pi. Of joys. 
Blissby, a. A hlaze. Wilts, 
BLi8SOM,a4f* (I) Blithesome. 

(2) Maris tqtpetenSj applied to 
the ewe. 

(3) 9. To copulate, said of sheep. 
Blist, pret. t, of hlisse. Blessed. 
BLiT,a4^'. Blighty. Dorset. 
Blith, a. Face ; visage. Kenmett* 

Probably a corruption of hlee. 
Blithe, a. Blight, 
^lAYK^adj.Mi^adv. Quick; ready, 

A contraction ofbiUve. 
Blizzy, «. {A.'S. blysa.) A blase. 

Bi.0, adj. Blue; livid. 
Bloa, adj. Cold ; raw. Line, 
Bloach, a. A tumour. Skinner, 
Bloacher, a. Any large animal. 

To Bloat, or Blote, v. To dry by 

smoke, applied especislly to her* 

rings. A Bloat'herring, or, «• 




BOW eaU ity 9L bhaieTr a hem 

ring so dried. 

Lay you an old coarf .ei* Dli theooalfj 
like a ^tiusn^e or a' bloHt-herrinff. 

B. Jon., Masq. ofMer., v. 439. 

Blfake a'meid of a bloaC-kerrina, water it 

with fourshilling:8 beer, and theti «weidr 

we' hate dined asAi'ell us my lord mayor. 

Match at Midn., O. PI., vii, 343. 

I have foar dozen of fine firehrands-in 
my belly, I have more smoke in ih;^ 
mt^th than would blote a hUndrfed her-' 
ril^: B. and Fl'.,M. Prine., iL 

Three pails of sprats, carried from mart; to 

Are as much meat as these, to nibre use 

k biueh of Uoatvit fbols 1 

Id.t Q. of Car.^ n^.A, 

Bloaze, f. Ablaze. North, 
B&OB, f . (1) A blunt terminatioif 
to what is usually pointed. A 
dlob-no$e, a nose with a small 
bump at the end. 

(2) A small lump of anything 
thick,- viscid, or dirty. 

(3) A vulgar term for the lower 

(4) A bubble ; a blister. North, 

(5) Thick. See Blub, 

(6) A drop. 

(7) A term applied to the flower 
of the water ranunculus. 

Blobbi;b,-lip. See Blttb, 

Blob-mi Lie, s. Milk with its cream 
mingled. Yor^sh, 

BiiOB^sooTOH, f . A bubble. Yorksh, 

Blob-talb, f. A tell-tale. 

Block, t. (I) The wooden mould 

oii which the crown of a hat 

wfts formed. Hence it was used 

for the form or fashion of a hat. 

A grave gentleman of Naples, who havine 
bought a hat of the newest fashion and 
best bhekt in all Italie, &c. 


Is this same hat 
O* the block passant ? 

B.Jons. Staple (^ News, i, 3. 

Tliat is, " of the current fashion.'* 
(2) The Jack at the game of 
Blocker, 1 s, A broadaxe. 

■tJM>CKING-AXE9 J Norths 

BLocie-imRaE, «. A strong wooden 
frame with four handles, to carry 
blocks. Eeui, 

Blockpate, f . A blockhead. 

All the#e things mnrwell be SHid ntito 
me, that be .conimonly »|H>ken against a 
foole, as to lie cnlled a bloekptUc, a dull- 
head, an asse, a luiupfsh sot. 

Ter'&iieeiH Stilish, 1641. 

Blockstick^ #. A club. North, 

BiiOe it> w*it EAT*, th. Buck*- w heat . 

Blodt, adv. By blood ; of or in 


Bloo<jv,Ti^. To look angry or 

BLOGO, J sour ; ta be sullen ; to 

frown. Eahnoor. 

BiJOKNE, V. (J.-S.) To fiide .* 

That, man, tlii body arise schel 
Of deithe nanraiore to blohie. 

William de Shoreham. 

Bloman, 9, A trumpeter. 
Blom ANGER. {A,-N.) s, A dish 
in cookery. 

For to make blomamfer. Nym rys, and 
lese hem, and wasch liein dene, and do 
thereto god aluuinde mylb, and setli 
hem til they al tobrest;' and than hit 
hem kele: and nym the lire of the hen- 
nvn, or of capons, and grynd hem snuil. 
Kest tbereto wite grece, and boyle it. 
Nym blanchyd almandys, and s'afrou, 
and set hem above in the dysche, and 
serve yt fortlie. 

Warner, JHtiq. CuUn., p. 89. 

For to make blomanger of fysch. Tak a 
pound of rys, les hem wel and wasch, 
and seth tyl they breste; and let him 
kele; and do thereto mylk of to pound 
of almandys; nym the perclie, or the 
lopuster, and boyle yt, and kest sugur 
and salt also thereto, and serve yt forth. 
Warner, Antiq, Culin., p. 46. 

Blomb. (I) v. To flourish. 

(2) f. A. blossom. 
Blomb-down. t^» Clumsy; down> 

ish. Dorset, 
Blommer, 8. Noise ; uproar. 
Blonc, adj, {A.-N.) "White. 
BloKckkt^ adj, (probably from 

Fr, blanc,) Gray. Spenser, 
Blondrkn, V, To blunder; to 

Blqnk. (I) adj. Sullen. 

(2) r. To disappoint. North, 




Bf ONKs, f . (A.'S.) A tteed ; a war- 

Blont, <K^'. Dull;heaTy. 
Bi«oo, 9. To blow. 
BLOODt«. Dispoiitioii. Shake^, 
Blood- ALLBT, s. A marble taw. 

A boy's term. 
Blood-boltbrbd, a4f> Matted 

with blood. Shaieap, 
Blood-fallen, ctfr*. (1) Chill- 

blained. Eati, 

(2) Blood-thot. 
Bloodinq, a. A black puddiDg. 

Anexabo, intestinnm sanguine fiirtum, 
admista nrviua. A Uou&tff or blarke 
puddinge. Nomendatort 1585. 

Blood-olph, a. A bullfinch. Eatt, 
Blood-suckbr, a. A leech. 
BiooDsuppER, a. A blood-sucker ; 
a murderer. 

Blood-wall, a. The dark double 

wall-flower. Northamp. 
Bloodwort, a. (/rf.-5.) The name 

of a plant. 
Bloody-bone, a. The name of an 

hobgoblin or fiend. 
BLOODY.THuii8DAT,a. The ThuTS- 

day of the first week in Lent. 
Bloody- WARRIOR, a. The dark 

double wall-flower. Wett, 
Bloom. (1) a. A mass of iron 

which has gone a second time 

through the furnace. 

(2) V. To shine ; to throw out 

(3) a. Heat. Bloomy, very hot. 

What a bloom am I in all over ? give me 
my fan; I protest I am in a general 
damp. N. TaU, Cuckold's Haven, 1 685. 

(4) f . The hot stage of a fever. 
Blooth, 9. Blossom. Devon. 
Blurb, (1) t. To bellow like a bull. 

East. The blore is the moan of 
a cow, unsettled for want of her 
calf, or by being in a strange 
pasture. Lincolnshire. 

(2) f. A blast; the act of 

(3) t». To weep. Prompt, P. 

Bloi r, V, To chide in a md tone. 

.,^.«. M- A blosaom. 


Blosht, \adj' Sloppy, windy, 
BLOSHINO, J and rainy. Zate. 

Blobmb. (1) V. {A,'S* btomman.) 
To blossom. 
(2) a. A blossom. 

Blosmt, adj. Full of blossoms. 

Bloss, a. A ruffled head of iiair. 

Blobsomed, adj. The state of 
cream in the operation of churn- 
ing, when it becomes full of air, 
which causes it to be long in get- 
ting to butter. Norf, 

Blot, a. A term at backgammon, - 
when one in danger of being 
taken up is called a blot. 

Blotch-paper, a. Blotting paper. 

BLOTB„a4/. Dried. SeeB/oa/. 

Blotbn, adj. Excessively fond. 

Blothbr, tr. To chatter idly; te 
make a great noise to little pur- 
pose. Var, dial. 

Blots, $, The eggs of moths. 

Blouohtt, adj. Swelled; puffed. 

Blounchet, adj. Blanched. 

Blouse, a. (1) A bonnet. 

(2) A woman with hair or head- 
dress loose and disordered, or 
decorated with vulgar finery. 

(3) A girl or wench whose face 
looks red by running abroad in 
the wind and weather. Kenneit, 
Such a woman is said to have a 
**bbmzinff colour." To be inm 
blouse, to look red from heat. 

Bloust, a^. Wild, disordered, 

Blovte, adj. {A.'S.) Bloody. 
Blow, (1) v. To blossom. 

(2) f . A blossom ; more 
larly the blossom of fruit trees. 

(3) a. A bladder. Devon, 

(4) «• To inform of; to peach 




(5) r. To make a person blush or 

be ashamed ; to be blown, to blash 

on a sudden surprise. 

All blown and red. 

Skakesp., Bape of Lucres. 

Blow-ball, «. (perhaps from A^-N, 
blaoerole.) Tlie corn-flower. 

Blowboll, «. A drunkard. 

Blows, v. {J.-S,) To blow; to 

Blower, s. (1) A fissure in the 
broken strata of coal^ from which 
a feeder or current of inflammable 
air discharges. North. 

(2) A child's name for the downy 
heads of dandelion. 

(3) ** One man*s particular lass." 
Dunton's Ladies* IHetionary, 

Blow-fly, s. The large blue fly 

. which blows meat. 
Blowing, «. (1) A blossom. Wiltt. 

(2) The egg of a bee? Harrison* t 

Descr, of Engl., p. 229. 
EiLow-MAUNGBR, f . AfuU fat-faced 

person, with cheeks puffed out. 

Blow-milk, t. Skimmed milk. 

Blown, adj. (1) Swelled; inflated. 

(2) Proud, insolent. 
. (3) Stale, worthless. 

(4) To say a cow or beast is blown 
when in pain from the fermenta- 
tion of green food having caused 
a distention of its carcase, iscom- 

. mon, perhaps, to many counties. 
When a man or horse is panting 
. for breath from oyer-exertion, he 
is also said to be blown. Moor's 
Suffolk MS. 
Blown-herrino. " In some parts 
of England they are called bloated 
herrings; and the term occurs in 
several of our writers about Eliza- 
beth's day, but not, I believe, in 
Shakespeare. The word bloated 
is a confirmation of the above 
conjecture as to the origin of 
blown, being merely another form j 

of the word, but not so applicable. 
We sometimes see and hear blown, 
bloated, and puffed up, in nearly 
the same tense. I have heard 
oar blown-herrings called bawen 
herrings, and bone-herrings, but 
never any good reason for so 
calling them. Hoven is another 
sense of blown or puffed up, 
but never applied to a herring. 
Since the above was written, I 
have seen (October, 1823) in a 
shop in Great Kussell Street, a 
parcel of ^foton-herrings ticketed 
< fine Yarmouth bloaters.' 1824, 
in the autumn of this year, hear- 
ing the blown or bown herrings 
cried in Woodbridge by the name 
of Tow Bowen herrings, I learned 
on enquiry that it is a common 
name for them.'' Moor*s Suffolk 

Blow.point, s. a child's game, 
mentioned in old writers. 

Blow RE, s. A pustule. 

Blowry, ai^. Disordered. Warw. 

Blows, s. Trouble, or exertion. 

Blowse, s. See Blouse* 

Blow-shoppb, s. a forge. 

Wild bores, bulls, and falcons bredde 
tliere in times iMste ; now, for lakke of 
woodde, blow-4Mppe$ decay there. 

Leland, Itin., voi. vii, p. 43. 

Blowt, V. To make a loud queru- 
lous noise. North, 

Blowth, s. a blossom. 

Blowty, adj. Applied to a person 
who increases in size by a false 
appearance of fat. Norf. 

Blu, adj. Blew. 

Blub, (1) v, To swelL 
(2) adj. Swollen, plump, round. 

Odd! She lias a delicate lip, such a lip, so 
red, so hard, so plump, so hluh. 

Otway, Soldier's Fortune, 1681. 

You have a pretty pontine about the raouth 
like me, and fine little wub lips, 

Shadwell, True Widow, 1679, 

Bncco. bucculentus, Planto, cui tunti- 
diures sout buccse, ant os grandiu« 



bouclie gninde. Hint linUi biic cheeks, 
or H grenr Hnd Urge niouth : blut cheeked : 
spiurrow nioutbed Nomm^atoTt 1686. 


(2) To ImMilei.aa w«ter. 

(3) «.. To cry ; to «6Qp till tlie 
teaiis stand in bubbles^. 

(4).f, Thp najne given by sailors 

to the sea iiettle. 
Q LUBBBR-QRAS8, «. Diflfortsnt. spe- 
cies of ^onuuf, so-called, from 

their soft inflated glumes. Ea»^. 
B1.UCK, V. " So tlie tnie men shall 

be hnnted and blHekedJ* 7%« 

Feiiyvail, fol. xxvi, r®.. 
Bi^uK, (1) a. Bloom* Jhwm, 

(2) a. Ale, Somermt, 

(3)11. To "look blue/' to look 

disconcerted ; to. be. mortified or 

Blub-bottlb, a. (1) A. term for a. 

servant or beadle, from the colour 

formerly used for their dresses. 

(2) A large blue fly. 
BLUE-B0TTLBS,.f. The bluc flowcra 

%thicb grow among wheat. Oj^d, 
BLUE-cAPSyf, (l)Meadow scabious. 


(2) The corn blue bottles. North- 

Blub-inklb, a. Some substance 

which burnt with a strong offen* 

sive smell. 

Ah mei help, help my lady! cat her 
kuse, ciit her lace 1 get some arsa foetida, 
hUw inkU, or partridge feathers, and 
bvm under her nose. 

Shadwell, Jmorous Bigoite, 1690. 

Gad take me! hold the eentlewoman. 
bring some cold water, and flower, bum 
some blew inkle and partridge feathers^ 
'tis my hidies medicine. 

SkadmeU, The Scowrers, 16191. 

BLUE-i8AAC,a. The liedge«sparr«»w. 

Blub- JOHN, a. Fluorspar. Derhyth. 
Blub-milk, f. Skimmed milk. 
Blub-moon, a. He won't do it for 

a blue moon, t. a., never. 

I Hfcvs'^BooK, K The wild pigf^a 

BLUE-8TOCKiNe, 9*. A womBB who 
addicts herself to study or author- 

BbUE^TAiL, a*. The fieldfare; Nhrt^ 

Blub-vhcnis9, ae^: Covered wttiir 
hlue mould; SotUhi 

Bluff, (1) aeg. Churlish; surly. 

(2) (U0i Big and puflfed up; as- it 
were with wind. 

(3) V. To blindfold. J\^r/A; 

(4) a. A tin tube tfirough which 
boys blow peas. Suj^tk, 

(5) a.. The blinker of a horse. 
Lino, and Lett* 

Bluffbr, a. A landlord of- an 

Bluffin,«. To bluster; to swagger., 

Bluftbd> adg. Hoodwinked. Zinc. 
Bluftbb, a* A horse's blinker, 

Ltnct Leioi Blufted, having 

blinkera on* 
Blunder, (1) a. Confusion;ti^ouble. 

(2) V. To disturb. 

(3) V. To blunder water, to stir 
or puddle, to make it thick and 

Blundbbjiusb, a. A stupid fellow. 

Blunob, V4 To break or bl^nd 
whilst in a state of maceration ; 
a potter's term. A long flat 
virooden instrument, called a Mwi- 
ffer, is used /or this purpose. 

Blunk, (1) adj. Squally 1 tempes- 
tuous. East, 

(2) a. To snow, to emit sparks^ 

(3) a. Any light flaky body. 

(4) a. A fit of stormy weather; 
Blunkbt, (1) a. A white stuff, 

prolwbly woollen. 
(2) a. A light blue colour: 
Blunt, (1) a. The slang term (bt 

(2) a. A pointless rapier, or foil 
to fence with. " Batre le fer^ 




to plfly $x bhmit or a 'Toyles/' 
Cotgrave, * 

Rlda, «. A blot. North. 

Blurkt, 9. A nrifttkke> ^ l>)mfdar. 

BiATirr, (1) An interjection of con- 
l»m|it. **filfin, master coHstfldyle,'*' 
a fig for the constalile, teenn to 
liave been a provei^ial pfaimw. 
(2) V. To blurt at, to hold in 
contempt. **BoecheggiireMmtke 
moutha, or Mm^i with ones lips," 

Bx;i78B, t. fieteiiA>lance ; look. At 

the first biu9k, at the first aight. 
Blush B, v. To look. 
Bld«b«t, a. One who btsahcs; 

used by Ben Jonson for « young 

iBofiest girl 
Blvst,*. £rysipekius Hiflamraatioa. 

Bluster-wood, 8. The shoots of 

Ifruit trees or shmbs which require 

to he pruned out. EtuL 
Blu8trb,v. To stray along without. 

any particular aim. 

But bhi$trede» forth M heestes 
0«-«r banket «aA faiiles. 

fUr$ PI., p. 108. 

Blustbocs, at^. Blustering. 

Blvtkr, (1) 04;. Dirty. 

(2) V. To blot« to dirty, to blub- 
ber. North. 

BLurrsB, v. To speak nonsen^ 

Blvv, v. To believe. Jhajf. 

Bluzzkd, at^. Darkened; blinded. 

Bly, a. (1) Likeness; resemblanco* 
East. See blee. 
(2) A transient Tiew. Ea^. 

Bltcand, adj. (A.^S.) Glittering; 

Bltvb, ad9. Quickly. See Belhfe. 

Bltkkbd, pret. t. Shone. 

Bo, (1) adj. Both. 
(2) a. A hobgoblin. North. 

BoALLiNG, a. Drinking, t. e., bowl- 
ing, or emptying the bowl. 

Boar, a. A clown, for ^oor. 

BoAR^CAT, a. A tom-cat. Kent. \ 

The "word occtfrs in Wycherley^ 
Ptakn^-deokr, 1677. 

Board, (1) v. {^.-N. aborder.) To 
address ; to accost. 
(2) a. An old caut term for a 

<3)a. Akindofexsoavation. North. 
(4) "Set him a clear board in 
the world," 4. «., pot htm tn a 
good position as to pecuniary 

BoARDBR, ai(f. Made of board. 

BoARDiNO-BRiDGB, a. A plank laid 
across « running stream. fFest. 

BoAR.NECKBD, o^. A term applied 
in some parts to sheep« when 
affected witli a disease which 
causes their necks to be bowed. 

BoAR-SEG, 8, A pig kept for three 
or four years as 9i brawn. Shrcp8. 

BoAR-STAO, 8. A gelded l)oar. 

BoAR-THiSTLR, a. The carc^Ktcs faB- 
ceolatuif Lin. 

BoATioN, 8. {Lat.) An uproar. 

BoAT-WHiSTLER, 8. Little bottlcs 
which grow on the sea Shore, 
which the boys cut a hole in and 
make whistles of, and blow in 
imitation of the boatswttn's 
whistle; properly, the bottle ore. 

Bob, 8. (A.'N. bobe.) (1) A joke ; 

a pleasantry. A dry bob, a dry 

joke. To give the bob was a phrase 

equivalent to that of giving the 

dor, or imposing upon a person. 

He that a fool doth very wisety hit. 
Doth very foolishly, allho* he smart, 
Kot to seem seuseleM of the M. 

M yM Uke U, ii, 7. 

1 have drawn hlood at one's hralna with 
a hitter hob. 

jtUat. Mi Ca!mfti:tpty O. FL, li, 118. 

C I fOet» the batiness. & It dan be no 

Bat go ^M MM tfJte M, that heing a iMIter 
Of Biain importance. 

aitanng .yM(M ofBotMWtVf, fi. 

So, ladies, I thank yon for the tricks yon 
have put upon met hut, ttadam. 1 am 
twck with you for your London bcteks, 4 
have given you such a M. 

SkadwM, J^$om WOU, 1673. 




(2) 9, To cheat ; to outwit. 

rUnre binding both, and bobbing them, then 
trruibliue at lier vre. 

Warner's Albioiu England, 1592. 

lidt him be boh'd that bobs will have; 
But who by means of wisdom hie 
Hath Bav'd his charge P— It is even I. 
Pembr. Arcad., Lib. ii, p. 808. 

Imagining that all the wit in plays con- 
sisted in bringinjctwo persons upon the 
stage to break jests, and to bob one 
another, which they call repartie. 

Shadwell, SuUen, Lovers, 1670. 

No, I am no statesman, but yon may 
please to remember who was bob*d at 
Ostend, ha, bal Id.,ib. 

(3) V. To disappoint. North, 

(4) #. A blow. 

(5) «. A bunch. North, 

(6) 9. A ball. Yorksh, 

(7) ». The burthen of a song. 
To bear a bob, to join in chorus ; 
also, to take a part in some foolish 

(8) To fish. North, 

(9) To " bear a bob," to be brisk. 

(10) «. The pear-shaped piece of 
lead attached to the line of a 
carpenter's level. East, 

(11) 9. To swing backwards and 
forwards sitting on a rope. 

(12) «. A ringing of bells. 

(13) V. To bob up the hair, to 
twist it in papers. 

(14) «. A louse, or any small in- 
sect. Hants, ** Spiders, bobbs, and 
lice," are mentioned in MS., 
Addit. 11812, f. 16. 

(15) #. A short wig. 

(16) V. To strike ; to beat. 
f 17) V, To cut. 

(18) V. To pass in or out. 
(19) «. A term applied to a par- 
ticular method of taking eels. 

(20) «. The engine beam. North, 

(21) adj. Pleasant; agreeable. 

(22) $, A slang word for i shilling. 
BoBAN, \9.(A,'N.) Pride; Ya- 


t, J nity. 

So inont h« is. and of so gret hdbam. 

Qy of Warwike, p. 9& 
For ccrteynly, I say for no bobaunce, 
Yit was I never withouten pnrveyaunce 
Of manage, ne of no thinges eeke. 

Chancer, C. T., 616L 

BoB-AND-HiT, a. Blind-man's-buft 

BoBBANT, a<{^'. Romping. tFUta, 

^TOW.}*'- To buffet; to strike. 

Ye thoght ye had a ftill jrode game, 
When ye my sone with hvMettt» b<Mydd. 
Cambr. MS., Uth cent, 

BoBBBRous, adf. Saucy ; forward. 

BoBBERT, a. A squabble; an 

Bobbin, a. A small fagot. Kent, 
BoBBiN-AND-jOAN, 9, The flowcrs 

of the arum maculatum. Norths 

BoBBiNO-BLOCK, 9, A thing that 

may be struck with impunity ; an 

unresisting fool. 

Became a foole, yea more then tliat, an asse, 

A bcbbing-blocke, a beating storke, an owle. 

Qaseoignt^s Devises^ p. 337- 

Bobbish, adJ, A trivial word, used 
in different senses, such as, pretty 
well in health ; not quite sober ; 
somewhat clever. 

Bobble, a. A pebble. Comw, 

BoBBLB-cocK, 8, A turkcy-cock. 

BoBBs, 8, Pieces of clay used by 
potters to support their ware 
before it is baked. StaJ^, 

Bobby, adj. Smart ; neat. North, 

BoBBY-WBEN,a. The common wren. 

BoB-CHERRY, 8, A children's game. 

BoBET, 8, A buffet or stroke. 

BoBETTS, 8, Thick pieces ; gobbets. 

BoBOLYNB, a. A fool. 

Be we not boboljfnes, 
Sntch lesinges to beleve. 

Sielton, ii, 446. 

BoBRELLE, 8, The nymphae pu- 
dendi. ** Haec caturda, Anglice a 




hobrelk:* Nommak, MS. 15M 

Bobtail, (1) v. To cut off Uip tail. 

(2) g. The steel of an arrow which 

is snialUbreasted/and big towards 

the head. Kertey, 
BoBT, «. Cheese. We9t, 
Boc, 9. {A.'S,) A book. Bdit'-hotuef 
. a library. 

BocAsiN, «. A sort of buckram. 
BoccoNE, 9. (Ital.) A morsel. 
BocE (1)9. To emboss. Palsgrave. 

(2) 8, A boss, or lump. 

Alasl 8om men of hem schewen the 
schap and the boce of the liorrible swollen 
meqibres, thnt semeth like to the male- 
dies of hiniia, in the wtuppint; of here 
hose. Chancer, Tifrsonet T. 

BocES, 8. Sardines. 

BocH ANT, 8. A forward girl. Wilts. 

BocHE, «. A boss or swelling; a 

BocHBR,«. (1) A butcher; BoeA«ry, 
butchery, butchers' meat.^ 

' (2) The'name of a fish. 

Book, «. Fear. Devon. 

BocKE, (I) A verb towhtch Pals- 
grave gives the different mean- 
ings, to 1)e1ch; to look upon 
any one disdainfully ; to make a 
noise like that of a toad. 

(2) V. To flow out. 

(3) 8. A book. 

BocKEREL, "Xsi A long- winged 

BOCKBRET, J hawk. 

BocKNB, V. To teach { to press 

BocTAiL, 9. A bad woman. Coke, 
BoD, V. To take the husks off wal- 

nuU. Witts. 
BoDDLE, 9. A small iron tool used 

for peeling trees. North. ' 
BoDDUH, 9. Principle. North. 
Bode. (1) 9. {A.-S.) A stay or 


(2) 9. A command. 

(3) 9. A message; an offer. 

(4) 9. An omen. 

(5) V. To forbode. 
{6)8.(J.*S.deod.) Boards living. 

(7) The pret. t. and sometimet 
the part. p. of bidde. 

(8) The pret. t. of bide. 
BoDE-CLOTH, 9. A tablc-cloth. East, 
Boded, ad/. Overlooked; fated; 

infatuated. Devon. 
BoDER, 9. A messenger. 
BoDERiNG, 9. The lining of the 

skirt of a woman's {letticoat. 
Bodge. (1) 9. A patch. 

(2) V. To patch clumsily. 

(3) To boggle, to fail. 

(4) A kind of measure, probably 
half a peck. 

BoDOBT, 9. A budget. 

, Of the niarchnunt tliat lost his hodgetle 
betwene Ware and London : — A certayne 
niarchant betwene Ware and London 
lost his bodget, and a c. li. therein, 
; viiierfure he caused to proclayme in 
dyvers market townes, who so ever that 
founde the sayde bodget, and wolde 
bryn^ it ajsayue, slinlde have xx. li. 
for hts labour. 

Tales and Qu. Answ. 

Bodily, adv. Entirely, all at once. 

Bodkin, 9. (1) {A.-S.) A dagger. 

Whs noon so hardy walkyng bv the weye, 
That with hir dorste rage or elles pleye. 
But if he wold be slayii of Symekyn, 
With panade, or with knvf, or bovdekyn. 

Chaucer, C.T.,S9&i 

Know I am for thee, from the cannon shot 
Unto the smallest bodkin can be got. 
Name any weapon whatsoe're thou wilt. 
Rowlands, Knave ofClubbs, 1611 

(2) A sort of ri h cloth, a cor 
ruption of baudkin. 

BoDKiN-woRK, 9. A sort of trim 
ming worn on the gown. 

BoDLE, 9. A small coin, worth 
about the third part of a half, 
penijv. North. 

BoDRAKE, I 9. Depredation ; a bor* 
BODRAGE, j der excursion. 

By meanes wherof the said castellea bo 
not for our defence agaynst ther steltho 
and bodrakes, accordiii|; as they were 
fyrst ordeyned, but rather lake part of 
suche ix)tyes as comeyth by them to* 
wardes the Irysl'fry, to kepe the thyng 

Sl»te Fajert, ii. 




fVo wayliaf ihere nur .wxetehedncM is 

Mo Dightly bodraas, nor no Irae nnd crirs. 

BoDwoRD, 8. (A.'S.) A message; 

a comtnaiidnient. 
Body-clout, «. A piece of iron 

adjoining the bo<iy of a tumbrel, 

and its wheels. 
BoDY-HOKSE, «. The second horse 

of a team of fQiir. 
Body-staff, 9. A stake or rod of 

withy, &c., used in making the 

body of a waggon. Warw. 
Bof, 9. Quicklime. HoweU, 
Bofflk,v. (I) To change; to vary; 

to stammer through irritation. 


(2) To thwart; to impexlc. Mid- 
Bofflers, 9. The legs of old 

worsted stockings, or twisted 

haybands, put round the legs to 

keep off snow. 
Boffy^ 9, To swell ; to puff. 
Boo, (1 ) «. Sturdy ; self-suiBcieiit ; 


The cuckooe, teeing bim lo ky, wait 
also wondrouB wrotlie. 

Wamer^s AUtiont England, 1699, 

(2) V. To boast. 

(3) V. To move off. 
BoG-BEAN, 9. Marsh trefoil, or 

buckbeaii. York9h. 
BoGBTT, f . A budget. 
B03OABD, «. A Jakes. " Boggarde 

or drawght. Loke in Siege." 

BoooART^ 9, A ghost, or goUin. 

BoooARTT, adj. Apt to start aside, 

applied to a horse. 
Bo6G«t «• A bug-hear. 
BoooiSH, adj. Swelling. Pr. P. 


child's game in the North. 
3oGGLB, V. To do anything in an 

awkward or uoskiUul manner. 

^oeoLBR, 9, .4 yicious woman. 

Yoii ruw£ been (i ^offt/Ur e*w. 

Shakeap., Ant. and CI.;, 4Hi 11- 

BoG«Y, a4F* Buioptious: «i old 

Norwich school-word. 
BoGGY-Bo, #. A gobUn. Nordk. 
BoG-HousE,». A Jakes. This is an 

old term. 

BoGiNO, «4^> Sneaking. Bed9. 

BoGTROTTER, #. An Iriffh rikbber. 

Boo-yioi4Br, «• The ibutteisorl. 

Bogy, t. (1) Budge f«ir; l|Knh*« 
fur. Dean Colet, hf lus. wiW, in 
id 19, bequeathed his a* heat coat 
of chamlet, furred wic-ti black 
bogvs.'* Wardrobe Acco%nt9 of 
Bdward IV. 

(2) «. A hobgoblin, or sp^cUe^; 
sometimes GalM a boyU, 

Boh, coty.. EHt. Lane. 

Bo-hacky, 9. A donkey. Y^ri^h. 

BoB£MiAs<*TARTAR, «. Perhaps # 
gipsy; or a xati» wild appel- 
lation, designed to ridicule the 
appearance of Simple in tbf 
Merry W. of Wiudsor, iv, 5. 

BoiDSR, 9. A jbaskfet. North. 

BoiE, 9, {A.^N.) An ej^ecutioner. 

He het muii a wjkke hcit. 
His sooe le^e toward the hangginff. 
Sewfn Sagef, 9w) 

BoiER,«. Abever. Baret'^AhfHtrie, 

IbSQ, for bpire. 
BoiLARY, 9. A place where ^a^ !• 

deposited, North* 
Boiling, 9. (1) A quantity of ihiiigt 

or person^. ** Th^ wl^le ]bQilii§ 

9i them." 

(2) A discovery. Aft ol4 cint 

BoiLouNs, f. (1) Bvbbles ia Ml* 

ing water. 

(2) Projecting knobi. 
BoiNARD, 9. (A.'N.) A low pefion* 

A term of reproach. 
BoiNB, #. A swelling. JSne^s, 
Bois, 9. {A,'N.) Wood. 
BoisT, «. (1) A thre^jt. See,S(^* 

(2) A swelling. Ba9f. 

(3) {A.-N.) A box. 




Boi8Tjs», «. A %oiflteroii8 felliKw 
Boi^rNssfi, 9. Churlishness. 
BoiSTOus, adj. (1) Koiigh^ bois- 
terous; churlish; stubborn. 

(2) Costly, rich, appUed to 

Bpiv, (.1) ff. (A^S, dealoano) To 
belch; to nauseate^ to vomit. 

{2)s, Bulk. Beke-Joadf^huiky 
load. Ea$t 

(3) 9. To swell E^. 
(4> #. A break or separation in 
a vein of ore. 

(5) 8, To point, or thrust at. 

(6) pari, p. Baked. North. 

(7) V. To enter in a book ; to 
write. ' ! 

B0KEI.ER,, «. A buckler. 
BoKEN, V. To strike. Skinner., J 
BojKET, «. A bucket. 
]^oEJ^p,part,p. {A-'S.) Learned. ; 

Sche was wel keote, sche was w«l lokid, ' 
Sehe was Wi^l ta«)te, sche was wel bokid, 

BoKT, 9. (1) Soft. Nortkumb: 
(2) *' Boky-botiomed/' broad in 
die beam. Line. 

B(»«ikCE, «. Bone4ace. 

Bo LAS, #. A buUace. 

BoLCM, V. To poach eggs. Yerkeh. 

BoLDE. (1) V. {A.-S.) To become 


W^n heQenentes speche faarde, 
Hys harte beeanne to boULe. 

MS. CaiUab., F/. ii, S8,/.aji. 

(2) 9. To render bold ; U> ««M 

bolden ; to encourage. 

It toackes us as Fraace inyad*f om laadL 
Kot boldt tlwB king. Skaicetp.., JUiar, v, 1. 

Alas t^ I had ;»ot one to boUv^fi- 

Hyck9 Scomer. 

(3) #. A bold or brave mtm* 
(4)#,G^.-&) A building. 

^) «!&'' M^nificeiM- i grand. 
6) a<{^'. Smootht applied to 

In ckooseing barley for his use the 
}«(4cs t^ H 1^ |02A Oiar.firfiet. 


9f a fahr colour, -tiiin skin, clean faltered 
^01 hames, and dressed from foul- 
ness, seeds, and oatts. Avbrey'i Wilt*. 

(7) 4idi. Healthy, strong. JVor- 


BoLCHiK, s. An vnfledged bird. 
I See Batching. 

BotDER, « ( 1 ) A loud report. iVbrfft. 
(2) The rush used for bottoming 
chairs. Norf. 

BoLDERiNG,a(^*. Cloudy and threat- 
ening thunder. North. 

BoLDERS, 8. Round stones. 

BoLDHEDE, 8. Bolduess ; courage. 

BoLDLOKBR, odv. Morc boldly. 

BoLDRUMPTious, odj. Prcsump- 
tuous. Kent. 


B0WLDI8H, V #. A large flat bowL 


BoLE, ». (1) The body or trunk of 
a tree. 

(2) A bull. A free bull, was a 
bull common to the town or 

Tliay thynkehem fre, and kau no ju^, 
Jko jnore than hath a &e bale, that takith 
which cow that him liketh in the toun. 
So faren thay by wonimen ; for rigiht as a 
fre bole is ynough for al a toun, right «o 
is a wikked prest eorrupcioun yoongh 
for jd « parierh, or for al a oontray. 

Chaucer t Pertoau* T. 

;3) A bowL 

(4) A tneaaiare containing two 
bushels. North. 

(5) A small sea boat. 
BoLEARMiN 8. Sinople. 
Bole-axe, «. In the romance of 

Oeitovttn, V. 1023« 1039, this 
word appears to be applied to 
IWMne kind of weapon; but k 
signifies some n'ticle used by 
potters in a poem in tteliq. AntSq., 
ii, 116, «*hMa beje, potters, with 
}ur bole-ax.** 
Boi«miU/»« t. A provincial term 
for heaps of metallic ccoria, 
wbieh are often met with in the 
)ead.)nin»ig distrieta. Places ok 
hills where Ibe waimgn ancHed 





or ruD their ore, before the in- 

▼ention of mills and furnaces, are 

called doles. 
Bole-holes, «. The openings in a 

barn for light and air. North, 
BoLK-wEED, 8. K nop weed. 
Bole-wort, s. Bishop's- weed. 
BoLGKD, adj. Displeased; angry. 

BoLGiT, adj. Bulged? 

And after they rom with ^t naTi, 
With bolf/it schipis ful craft ly, 
The haryu for to haii schciit. 

BtUq. Jntig., ii, 84. 


BoLiNB, 1 «. The lM)w-line of a 
BOLiNG, J ship. 

BoLiSME, «. {Gr.) Immoderate 

BoLKB, (1) V. (A.-S.) To belch. 
(2) *. A heap. P. Part. 

Boll, «. (1) A ghost. Lane, 
(2) A man who manages power- 
looms. North, 

BoLLE, (1) V. (J.'S.) To swell; 
in a secondary sense, to pod for 
seed. Bolfynge, swelling. 

And the flax, and the barley was smit- 
ten : for the barley was in tne ear, and 
the flax was boiled. JSxodus, ix, 81. 

Here one being throng'd bears back, all 
bob^ and red. Sk., Stg»e qf Lucr. 

(2) A bud ; a pod for seed. 

(3) A bowl, or cup. 

BoLLER, 8. A drunkard, one who 

empties bowls. 
BoLLEWED, 8. Bsll-wecd. 

BOLLEYNE, 8, BuilioU. 

BoLLiNG, 8, A pollard. 

Bolls, 9. The ornamental knobs 
on a bedstead. 

BoLLTNB, V. To peck. Pr, Parv, 

BoLNE, V. (1) (A.'S.) To swelL 
(2) To embolden. 

Bolster, «. (1) The bed of a tim- 
ber carriage. 

(2) Pads used by doctors were 
formerly called bol8ter8, 

(3) V, To prop up ; to support. 
Bolster • pudding, «. A long 

round jam pudding. 



Bolt, (1) *. A sort of arrow. "It 
is an arrow with a round or half- 
round bobb at the end of it, with 
a sharp-pointed arrow head pro- 
ceeding therefrom." Holme^Aead. 
of Armory. Bold-uprigh^ bolt on 
endj straight as an ai row. Some- 
tiiiies the word is used for an 
arrow in general, but more espe- 
cially for one thrown from ■ 
crossbow. . 

(2) *. To sift. North, 

(3) V, To swallow without 

(4) 8. A narrow piece of stuff. 

(5) V, To dislodge a rabbit. 

(6) V. To run away. 

(7) V, To truss straw. Gloue. 

(8) 8, Straw of pease. Ea8t, 

(9) A quantity of straw tied up 

Boltell, 8, A roimd moulding. 

Bolter, v. To cohere ; to coagu- 
late. Northampt, 

Boltin, 8, The quantrty of wheat 
straw usually tied up together 
after the corn is thrashed out. 

Bolting-hutch. See BouUing, 

Boltings, 8, Meetings for dispu- 
tations, or private arguing of 
cases, in the inns of court. 

Bolts, «. The herb crowfoot. Ger^ 

Bolt's-head, 8, A long, straight- 
necked glass vessel, rising gra- 
dually to a conical figure. 

BoLioN, 8. See BuUiofu, 

BoMAN, 8, A hobgoblin or kidnap- 

Bombard, (1) 9. (Fr.) A large 
drinking can, made of leather. 

(2) 8. A kind of cannon. Bom" 
bardiUe, a smaller sort of bom- 

(3) adj, High'sounding, as bom* 
bard words, or bombard phrase. 

Their bombard phrase, their foot and 
half foot words. B. Jou., Art cf P, 

(4) 9. A musical instroment. 




l|oMBARD>MAN, 8, One who Car- 
ried out liquor. 

With that they knock'd Hypocrisie on 
tlie pate, and made room fur a bombard- 
man, that brought bonge for a country 
hidy or two. B. Jon., Love Bestorei. 

Bombards, 9. Padded breeches. 
Bom-barrel, «. The long-tailed 
titmouse. NorthampL 




Heer for our food, millions of flow'rie 

With long mustnchoeB, wave upon the 

phiins ; 
Heere thousand fleeces, fit for princes robes, 
In S6rean forrests hang in silken globes : 
Heer shrubs of Msilta (for my meaner use) 
The fine white balls of bombace do produce. 

Du Bartas. 

Bombast, *. {Fr,) Cotton. 

(2) V, To stuff out, which was 

usually done with cotton. 

Ib this sattin doublet to be bombasted with 
brokeu meat ? 

Honest Wk., O. PI., iii, 4A\. 

An understanding soule in a grosse 
body, is like a good leg in a winter 
boote ; but a foolish spirit in a well fea- 
tured body, is like a mishapen spindle- 
shanke in a homhasted stocking. 

Dont^s Poljfdoron, 1631. 

In the following passages we see 
how it became applied to writing: 

Gire me those lines (whose tduch the skil- 
ful ear to please) 

Tliat gliding slow in state, like swelling 

In which things natiu^ be, and not in 
fklsely wrong. 

The sounds are fine and smooth, the sense 
is full and strong : 

Kot b&mhasted with words, vain ticklish 
ears to feed, 

But such as may content the perfect man 
to read. Drayt., Folyolb., S. xxi, p. 1064. 

To flourish o're or bumbast out my stile. 
To make such as not understand me smile. 

Taylor^s Motto, 1632. 

(3) V. To beat ; to baste. 

I wQl so eodgell and bombaste thee, that 

thou ahalt not be able to sturre thvself. 

PttUtee o/Fleasure, Sign. X ^' 

Bombazb, v. To confound; to 
perplex. Isati. 

Bombilation, «. {LaL) A ham* 

niing noise. 
BoMBLE-BBE, s, k homblc-bee. 
Bombone, 1 V. To hum, as bees. 
BOMME, J " I bomme as a bom* 

by 11 bee dot he, or any flye, J0 

bruys.** Palsgrave, 
Bombs WISH, adv, Helter* skelter. 

Bom I NO, adj. Hanging down. So* 

BoN, (1) 9. A hand. 

(2) adj. for boun. Prepared. 

(3) adJ, (A.-N,) Good. 

(4) adj. Bound. 

(5) 9, Bane ; destruction. 
BoNABLE, ad/. Strong ; able. 
BoNAiR, \adj {^.'N.) Civil; 

RONERE, J courtly; gentle. 
BoNA-ROBA, 9. {Hal.) A courtezan. 
BoNA-sociA, «.' A good companion. 
See Bon^ocio. 

Tush, the knaves keepers are my bona- 
sodas and my pensioners. 

Merry Devil, 0. PI., v,.268. 

BoNCE, 9. A kind of marble. 

BoNCHBF, «. (^-A") Prosperity; 
the opposite of mischief, misfor- 

BoNCHEN, V. To beat ; to thump. 

Bond, «. (i) Bondage. 
(2) A band. 

BoNDAGEB, 9, A cottagcr. or ser- 
vant in husbandry, who has a 
house for the year at an under 
rent, and is entitled to the pro- 
duce of a certain quantity of 
potatoes. For these advantages 
he is bound to work, or find a 
substitute, when called on, at a 
fixed rate of wages, lower than 
is usual in the country. North, 

BoNDEFOLK, 9, Scrfs, or villains. 

And fortherover, ther as the lawe sayth, 
that temporel goodes of bondefolk been 
the goodes of her lordes. 

Chaucer, Persones T 

BoNDEHAN, 9, {A,-S,) A husbaod* 

BoNDENB, at^. Bound. 




9. Xiues venerea. 

BiiftBMftS,«. Binding stones. .( 

Bond-land. «. Old cultivated or 

yard lands, as distiugublied from 

vssart. SoMsetP. 
BoNDT, «. A simpleton. Yorkwh, 
BovB, (1) «/fr. (A.-N.) Good. 

(2) adj, for bomn. Ready. 

(3)«. (jf.<^.) A petitiou; acoi»- 


(4) V, To seize ; to arrest. 

(5) V. To draw a straiglit line 
from one point to another by 
means of three upright stidu; 
a term In land surveying. 

(6) V. To steal privately. 
BoNR-ACB, t. *' A ganse at cards 

called one and thirtie, or ^o«»- 
aeer Florio. 


BoNic-CABT, (1) 4. The iMidy. 
(2) V. To carry <m the ahoolder 
articles more fitted from their 
weight to be moved in a «art. 

BoNE-cLBANBft, «. A aervBiit. 

B/OKK-jaKYt'odf, Thorenghly dry. 
BoNB.rLOWRR, 9. A daisy. Nvrtk, 

BOSTB-HOBTBL, #. A gOOd lodgtRg. 

BoNB-LACB, t. Lace worked ad 
bobbins, or ^oner. 

Tky band vhidi tbmr did -«m in wenre, 
Whiefa WHC mrtuct wmM in. time* a yeare, 
I« turned nowe to CHiiibrieke clearer 
Vitli broad kmelttee up to tlic eare. 

MS. Una., 34L 

BoKB-LAXT,4i4^ Bscessivelf isdo- 


BoNBLEsa, a. A descriptiaa of 

fobliu, or ghoat, 
BovBKF. gem. pL «f bonea. 
BoNBRcr^ 8. (J'N.) G«BtleDeai. 
BoNBs, 9. (1) Dice. 

And «a the bord« he whyiidl a pagrfc of 

Anater tpeye dci— he d«terfd as he weate. 

Skelt«tiU Work*, i, 4A. 

(2) Bobbins for making kee. 

(3) Th(f carcase of a hog It di- 
vided into — 1, the flick, or outer 
fat. which is cured for Kaeon; 
and 2, the Aonet, or the rest. 

(4) To make no 6o«et Of a thing, 
to make no difliciilty about it. 

-BOVBSETTBB., 9. (I) A TOUgjfa tTtft^ 

ting horse. Soic/A 
(2) A doctor. 
BoNB-sHAVE, a. Tlie sciatica. The 
peasantry in Exwrnor haive the 
following charm against the bome^ 

Boiu-thne right, 

BoM-*kave stmighc. 

As the water runs by the stare. 

Good for ^om9skave. 

The patieat must lie on his bnck on f bs 
bank of a river or bnmk of m-uter, wiith 
A stmi^iit staff by his side, l)etween 
him aiid the water, and mast have the 
forepiiiig words repeated over him. 

B0NB.8ORK, adj. Ver>' idle. If^f. 
BoNBT, (^.) a. A small cap worn 

close to the head. 
BoN'BTTA, 9. A kind of sea-^fish. 
BoNBT, a. A cart-mare. SuffbUL 
BoNGAir, 9. To fasten. Cumk, 
SoN-GKACR, la. (Fr.) A border 
BOiTDORACB, J attached to a bon- 
set or ihat to defend the com- 
{4ezion.; a abade for the foea- 
** Cometie, a fashivn of ahadow. 
or bo9neffrac€i used in old time, 
aod at this day hy a^me 4dd wo- 
men." Cotgrmte. 

Her loN^rwctf, which siie «'are mith her 

Freach bode. 
Whan she wente o«te alwigres, ftar souna 


Tke P mr U me r ajmC Ue Frtte, 1683. 

IWL YiM tUuk cue a very despnate mam. 

JioL Why so, sirf 

tPod. F«r«OHiiMf: netir so bright a sun as 

you Nre M-ithoui a parasol, umbrellia, or 

)t komdffrtiee. 
IhtrrnMut. Ike UtaCt tke MaiUr, 1609. 

Im this hot ^varter womea wear maaks, 
&US, ^. tec, aitd cliitdrea ioMgraees to 
keep iheii' faces fruui being siui-boj'Jit, 
because bei^aty is <leJighifi3 to all peo* 
pie. Iher fisiHH 1788L 




Boii]iOMm» «i. A priest. 

Bamir, A A blow or wound. Given 

by Kennett as aa Essex word». 
homwYyV, {Lat.) Toconveri^into 

BoNiTO, «.. A. kind, of tunDy*>fiahAr 
BoNiTT, «. (Lat,) Goodness. 
BoarKB, fc A bank ; a height. 
BoNKSR, adf, (1) Large; strap- 
ping. Ea»t 

(2) V, To outdo. another in fiuits 

of agility. Suttex,, 
BoNKBT» s, A huckle-bone. 
BoNKKA, adj. Very, large. Amhr. 
BoNNAOHT^.a. A tax formerly pud 

to the.- lord of the. manor in Ixe- 

BoifNET8^«. Small sails. 
BoiTNiBBL, a. A. handsome, girl. 

BoNNiLASS, 9, A. beautiful maid. 

Spenser i. 
BoNNiLT, adv. Pretty well. North. 
BoNNT, adj. (1) Brisk ; cheerful. 

(2) Good; pretty. North. 
BoNNT-CLABBBR, 8. Cream, gone 

thick; buttermilk. 
BONNT^GO, adj. Frisky. Wight. 
BoNOMABLY, adv. Abominably^. 

Peele'8 Worke, iii, 88. 
BoN-socio, \9. {Ital) A. good 
BONO-socio, X companion ; a. good 


Thence to Kiglilej, where are monntmiis 

Steepy-threatiiine, lively fountains, 

Biainie hills, and Dnrren vallies ; 

Tet hon^ioeiot and good fellows ; 

Jovial, jocund, ioUy bowlers. 

As they were uie world's controulers. 

DrutUten Bamafy. 

B0N8OUR, a. (J,^N.) A vault. 

Thebntras eom out of the didie. 
Of rede gold y-arched riche ; 
The boiuour was avowed al 
Of ich maner divers animal. 

Sir OrpheOy ed. Lalmg^ 825. 

B0NTEVOU8. adj. Bounteous. 

BoNTiNO, «• A binding; curved 
bars of iron placed round ovens 
and furnaces to prevent their 
f welling outwards. 

Bonus noches, a. A comptioii ol 

the Spanish words ^wanoa Wickm^ 

good niglit. 
BoNWORT, jr. The- lesser daisy; 
Bonx» «. To beat up batter for 

pnddinga. Eamx. 
BoNT, 9. A swelllng'on the body 

fix>in pinohing or bruising: iV; Pj 
Boo, (1) a. A bought 

(2) a^. Both. 

(3) V. To roar; to make" a' noise 
like cattle. North. 

BooBT-HiTTCH; A covered' OBTiage 
or seat contrived clumuly. Eaet, 

BooDtj^rW. /. Abode. 

BooDGB, 9; To stuff bushea into- a 
hedge. Herff. 

BooDiBs, a. '* -Broken pieeea of 
earthenware or glass used by 
diildren' for decorating a play- 
house, called a boody-houee, made 
in imitation of an ornamental 
cabinet.!' Broc4re/#. 

Boodle, a. Tlie com marigolds 

BooF, a^4 Stupid. Line.. 

BoooTH, s*. Bignes8< YorHh. 

Book, a. This term was applied to 
anything in writing, sometimes 
even to a grant. "There is order 
for the passing of a .book. of. X200 
land." LeUer dated 1603. 

BooKHOLDRR, 9. A prompter. 

oTcxofniAoc; He ^hat tellech the players • 
their part when they are out, aniu have 
forgotten: the prompter, or botdte- 
holder. Nan rndat oTj 1685. 

Booking, a.. A chastising. South* 
BooKSMAN,a. A clerk or secretary. 
Bool, v. To bawl. 
Boolk^.v. To abuse. Sujfoik. 
Boom, a. A term for a stake placed 

at the margin of deep channeli 

to warn boats from the mod. 

Boomer, a. Smuggled gin. Brock, 
Boon, (1) adj. (/V.) Good; fair. 

(2^ 9. A bone. 

(3) part. a. Going. North. 

(4) V. To mend the highways 




(i) 9. To f^Me along. 

1W int of tbem koomMf hj bimtelfe 
More the wind, witk ku Aig m die 
■atDe-top, and all hie aaTla galbuitly 
■pread abroMd, after him came the 
Mmirall and the riee-adaurall» and 
Alter them two more, the rear&adaundl 
•ndhiflfeUoar. Ttflor'* Worktt, 19S0, 

BooircH, V. To irriute ; to nuke 
angiy. Leie. 

Boom-days, «. The daj* on which 

tenmnti are hound to work for 

their lord gratii. North, Going 

to iMiit a neighbour gratuitously 

. i» called boomng in the MidL C. 

Boons, a. (1) Fowls. Yorkth. 
(2) Rates for repairing the roads, 
the surveyor of which is called a 
boon-magter. Line, 

BooN-WAiN, f . A kind of waggon. 

Boob, §, (A,*S, bur.) A parlour ; 
an inner room. North, 

BooRD, r. To board. 

BooRD, 1(1) a. (A,^N.) A jest. 
BOURDE, J See Bourde. 

(2) V. (from Fr, aborder,) To 
attack ; to board ; to accost. 

Ere long vnth like amin he boarded me. 

Pliilantfts taking Camilla by the hand, 
and an \inie served liegan to board her 
on thir aauner. Jluph. Engl. P., 4, b. 

(3) To border, or form a boun- 

Boobd's-bnd, a. The head of the 

Ebriscas cannot eat, nor looke, nor talke. 
If to the boord's-end he be not nromoted. 
Dana, Scourge oj Folly ^ 1611. 

Boorslaps, a. A coarse kind of 

BoosB, a. {A,-S. botg, bong,) A 
stall for cattle. Boosy, the 
trough out of which cattle feed. 
Boosy -pasture, the pasture con- 
tiguous to the boose. Boosing' 
stake, the post to which they are 
fastened North, 

BoosENiNG, V, A method of curing 
mad people bv immersion. Brand's 

• Pop, Antig., m, 149. 

Booaa, v. To gore as a bull West, 

Boosoir, 1 a. A troogli or nun- 
BusHON, f S^ ^^ cattle. Leie, 
BOOZINGS, J and Werw, 
BoosTCRiifG, part, su Sweating 

at work; working so hard that 

yon perspire. Exmoor, 
Boost, adj. Intoxicated. 
Boot, (1) a. {A.S,) Help; resto- 

ration ; remedy. 

(2) a. (^.-&) A boat. 

{Z'\pret,t.oibUe. Bit. 

(4) a. A kind of rack or torture 
for the leg. 

(5) a. Surplus ; profit. 
BooTCATCHBB, s. The person at 

an inn whose duty it is to pull 
off the. boots of passengers. 

BooTBD-coRM, s. Com imper- 
fectly grown, so that the ear re- 
mains partly enclosed in the 
sheath. South, 

BooTHALiNG, s. Frecbooting ; rob- 

— Well, Don John, 

If yon do spring a leak, or get an itch, 

Tul ye claw off your curl'd pate, thank 
your night wallu. 

Yon must be still a boat-kaUng. 

B. andFl.t Chances^ i, 4. 

BooT-H ALEE, a. A freebootcF. Cot- 
grave explains picoreur to be 
** a boot-haler (in a friend's coun- 
try), a ravening or filching soul- 

Sir, captain, mad Mar^, the gull my 
own father (dapper sir Havy), laid 
these London boat-kulcrs^ the catch- 
poles, in ambush to set upon me. 

Bearing Girl, 

BooTHBR, s, A bowl-shaped hard 
flinty stone. North. 

BooTHTR, a. A small ship used on 
rivers. Pr. Parv. 

Booting, a. (1) A robbery. 

(2) A mock cereinouy of punish- 
ment among boys in Nortlamp- 

BooTiNG-coRN, s. A kind of rent« 

BooTNR, V. (A,'S.) To restore^ 
to remedy. 




BIynde and bed-reden 
TV ere hootned a tlinusande. 


Booty, r. To play booty, an old 
term at cards, to allow one's 
adversary to win at first in order 
to induce him to continue playing 

Bop, 9. To dip ; to duck. Eatt. 

Bo>PEEP, 8. A childish game, not 
unfrequently mentioned in old 
writers, and sometimes called 6o- 

Aboat the arclies Tliames doth play ho- 

With any Trojan or els merry Greeke. 

The Newe Metamorpkons, 1600. 

BoR, «. (A.'S.) A boar. 

BoRACHio, 8. {Span.) (I) A bottle 
or vessel made of a pig's skin, with 
the hair inward, dressed in. 
wardly with resin and pitch to 
keep wine or liquor sweet. 
(2) Figuratively, a drunkard. 

Boras, #. (A.-N.) Borax. 

Golde solder, of some it is called bcnu 
or ffreene earth, whereof there be two 
kindes, naturall and artificiall. Nomencl. 

BoRAScoES, 8. Storms of thunder 
and lightning. 

BoRATOE, #. Bombasin. 

BoRD, #. (1) {A.-N.) A border. 
(2) (^.-5.) A board. 

BoRDAOE. 8. A bord'haifpenny. 

BoRDE, 8, (A,'S.) A table, which 
was made by placing a board 
upon trestles. Hence, board and 
lodging. "To begin the horde," 
to take the principal place at table. 
The table-cloth was called the 

BoRDBL, 9. {A.-N.) A brotheL 

He ladde hire to the bordel thoo, 
No wondir is thonje sche be wo. 

Gower, MS. Soe. Jntiq. 

The wme schal the mnn telle pleynly 
with alle the circnnistHunces, and whe- 
ther he hare syr.ned with conituune 
. hordeal womman or noon, or doon his 
•ynue in holy tyiue or noon. 

Chaucer, Personet T. 




Ttint the woemen that ben at eommoB 
bordell be seyn every day what ther be, 
and a woman thHt liveth by hir body to 
come and to go, so that she paie hir 
datie as olde custume is. 

Regulatume of ike Stews, 15rA eatL 

BoRDELL, #. A border. 
BoRDELLER, #. The keeper of a 

Bordello. (Ital) A brothel. 

— From the windmill I 
From the bordello, it might come as well. 
B. JoMt., Every Man m Am H., i, S. 

Also crept into all the stewes, all the 

brothell-Iiouses, and burdelloee of Italy. 

Coryai, vol. ii, p. 175. 

Bordered, adj. Restrained. Shak. 

Bord-halfpenny, 8. Money paid 
in fairs and markets for setting 
up tables, bord8, and stalls. 

Bordjour, 8, (A.'N.) A jester. 

Bordlands, 8. Lands appropri- 
ated by the lord for the support 
of his table. 

BoRDOuR, 9. Apparently a piece of 
armour attached to the cuirass. 

BoRDRAGiNO, 9. Ravaging on the 
borders. See Bodrag, 

BoRD-Tou. A phrase used by one 
harvest man to another, when the 
latter is drinking, meaning that 
he may have the next turn. 

BoRDBS, 9. (A.'N» behordeU.) 

Bore, (1) part. p. Born. 

(2)9. A kind of cabbage. Tu88er. 

(3) 9. An iron mould used for 
making nails. Shropsh, 

(4) 9. A pore. 

(5) 9. A tiresome fellow. 

(6) 9. The head or first flowing of 
the water, seen at spring tides in 
the river Parret, for a few miles 
below and at Bridgewater, and 
also in some other rivers. The 
epithet **Boriall stremys" ia 
applied to the Thames in Reliq. 
Antiq., i, 206. 

Boreal, adj. (Lai.) Northern. 




BoBAoobBy *. A 8p«eiesofofibbftge. 
Bo&SB, 9i A sort of dance, in 

Togue at the beginning of tlie 

I8th centurv. 


BinuEL, Tr. A species of coarse 
BUREL, j woollen doth,, generally 
.of a grey or grizzly colour, and 
applied in a secondary sense to 
laymen,, in contradistinction from* 
the clergy. The term borel/olk 
and borel ment is very common 
in Old English poetry. It thus 
became used in the sense of illi- 
terate. The third of our quota- 
dons contains a pun upon the 

Aiid tlianne shul burel derkes ben 

To blame yow or to grere, 
And carpen noght as thei carpe now, 
Ne calle yow doumbe houndes. 

P»«r* PI., p. 191. 

For, sire and dame, tnutitli me right wei, 
Ottf orisouns ben more effectuel, 
And more we se of Goddig sen6 thinges, 
Than borel folk, altbongfa tliat thny ben 
kinget. Chaucer^ C. T„ 7461. 

And we see by experience in travell the 
nidenesse and simplicity of the people 
that are seated far North, which no 
doubt is intimated by a vulgar speech, 
wiien we say such a man hath a iMMrdl 
wit, as if we said horeaU ingenium. 
The Optick Glaue offfumars, 1639, p. 29. 

BoiiBLY, \adj. Large; strong; 

BORLiCH, J burly. 

BoKESON, 9, A badger. 

BoRFREiE. See Berfrey, 

BoROEON, e« (.<^..iV.) To bud. 

IShu Cham his broode did horgeon first, 
and held the worlde in awe. 

Wamei'i Jlbions England, 169S8. 

BoROH, 8. {A.- S.) A pledge. • 
BoRGHEOANO^ 9, {d»'S.) A duty 

for leave to pass through a 

borough town. 
BoRHAMB, «. A flounder. . North. 
BoRiTH, 9. An herb used to^ take 

out stains. 
BoRJouNE, 9. A bud. See Borgeon* 
BoRLBR, 9. A clothier. 
Borne, (1) «. A stream ; a burn. 

(2) V. To burn. 

(3) V. To burnish* 

BoRN-Poor,f «. An idiot. 

BoRow, ». A tithing. "That which 
in the West coiidtrey was^ at thal^ 
time, and yet is, called a^ titliiug^ 
is in Kent termed > » bwoneJ* 

BoROWAGB, 9. Borrowing, 

BoROWEf (1) ». (^.-<S'.) A pledges; 

a surety. 

This was the firl^ sourse of shepherd's 

That now nUl be quit' with bale nor Sorrow. 
Sp., Shep. Kal. Maif, 1, 180. 

(2) ff. To be-a. pledge fbr another. 

BoROWEHODE, 9, Suretyship. 

BoRREL. 9. (1) A borer or piercer* 
(2) A play.fellow. 

BoRRiD, adj. A sow miirii appetcM, 

BoRRiBR, 9. An auger. 

BoRROw-PBNCE,«. A term formerly 
given to ancient coins in Kent. 

BdRSB, 9. A calf six montiis old. 

BoRst.'Sf part p. Burstt 

BoRSHOLDER, r, A sort of con^it^ 

BoRSOir, adj. Obedienf; buxom. 

Borstal, 9. ''Any seat on the side 
or pitch of a hill." KenMH. The 
term is still universally current 
in Sussex, applied to the nume^ 
rous roads or pathways leading' 
up the steep ascents of the whole 
line of South Downs from Basft- 
boume to Midhnrst.- 

BoRSTAX, 9. A pick*axe. 

BoRSTBN,j9ar/.j0. Burst, ruptured. 

BoRWAOB, 9. A surety^ 

BoRWE, (1) r. A town ; aborougb. 

(2) 9. A bower ; a chamber. 

(3) 9. A pledge ; a surety. 

Thanne Melib^ took hem up fro tbo 
ground ful lienigiiely, and resceyved 
here oblijiraciouns, and here bondes, by 
* here otiies upon here pleg^es and iortrei; 
and assigned hem a certeyn day te 
retoume unto his court. 

Chaucer, T. ofMelibem. 

(4) V. To give security ; ta bail{ 
to borrow. 




(5) 9. (j4.'S,) To savo ; to guard. 
Bo8,#. A game, mentioned in Mooi'f 

Suffolk Wordi. 
BosA&DB, ». (1) A buzzard; a 

worthless hawk. 

(2) A worthless or useless fellow. 
Bosc, 9. (j4.'N.) a bush. 
BoscAGK, (1) », (J.'N,) A wood. 

(2) The food which wood and 
trees yield to cattle. 

(3) Boscage, or leaf-work, in 

BoscHAiLs, #. (A,'N.) A thicket ; 
a wood. 

BoacBBS, #. Bushes. 

Bo»E, (l)pre8. t. It beboyes. 
(2) ». A hollow. 

BosBN, s. A badger. North, 

3o8H,(l)s. A dash, or show. Sa»t. 
(2)s. Nonsense. A word derived 
from the Turkish. 

Boshes, «. *'The bottom of the 
furnace in which they melt their 
iron ore, the sides of which fur- 
nace descend obliquely like the 
hopper of a mill." Ketmett. 

Bo8HOLDE&,s. The chief person in 
an ancient tithing of tea families. 

BosKB, $, A bush. 

Bosks 0. See Bwie. 

BosKT, at(f. (1) Dninken. Rrom 
(2) Bushy. 

Bosom, (1) v. To eddy. YorHh, 
(2) 9. A desire ; a wish. Skai. 

Boson, «. A boatswain. 

Boss, (1) #. A protuberance. 

i2^ V, To emboss; to stud. 
3} t. A stone pUiced at the in- 
tersection of the ribs of a vault. 

(4) 8. A head or reservoir of 

(5) V. To throw. Sunex. 

i6) 9, A hassock. North, 
7) 9, A hood for mortar. J&stf. 

(8) 9, A large marble. Warw. 

(9) t. A master, or be who can 
beat and overcome another. 

BossAGB, 9. The projecting work 

in building. 
BossocK, (1) a4i» Large; coarse"; 

(2) V, To tumble clumsily. 

BossocKiMo, adj. The same as 

Boss-ouT, 9, A game at marbles, 
also called bo99 and tpan. 

Bossy, a4r. (1) Thickset; corpu- 
lent. North. 

(2) Convex. 

BossY-CALF, 9, A spoilt child. 

BosT, {1)9, Boast; pride. 

(2^pret. t. Burst. fFe9t. 

(3) a^. Embossed. 
BosTAL. See Bor9tai. 
BosTANCB, «. Boasting ; bragging. 
BosTB, «. To menace. 

And that he was threatened and hostei 

with proud words given by the Col villa. 

BiMMi CorrctfioHdmcg, 16S1. 

BosTBN, 9. (A.'S.) To boast. 

BosTLYB, adv. Boasting. Gaw. 

BosTUS, adj. Boastful ; arrogant. 

BosvBL, ». A species of crowfoot. 

BoswBLL, 9, Some part of a fire- 
grate. Suffolk. 

BoT, (1) t. A boat. 
(2) 9. A but. 
{Z)pret. t. Bit 
(Jk)pret. t. Bought. Dewn^ 

(5) conj. Unless. 

(6) aty. Both. 

(7) 9. A botcher. YorkMh, 

(8) 9. A sword ; a knife. 
BoTANO, 9. A kind of blue liqen. 
BoTAROE, It. A kind of salt cake, 

BOTAROO, J orrather8ausage,made 
of the hard roe of the sea mullet, 
eaten with oil and vinegar, but 
chiefly used to promote drinking; 

Because he was naturally flegraatic, ho 
began his meal with some dozens of 
gammons, dried neats' tongues, botargos. 
sausages, and such orher forerunners of 
wine. AiMaw.B.i,ch.8L 

Botch, «. (1) A thump. Sii99ex. 
(2) An inflamed tumour. North* 




(3) A badly done patch. 
BoTCHERY, «. Patchwork ; a clumsy 

addition to a work. 
BoTCHBT, », Small beer mead. 

BoTCHMENT, t. Ah addition. 
Bote, (1) pret, t. of bite. Bit; 

wounded ; ate. 

(2) 8. {J.'S.) Help; remedy ; sal- 

(3) V, To help. 

(4) adj. Better. 

^il^/;?.'}'- A butler. 


BoTEMAY, #. Bitumen. 

BoTENE, V. To button. 

BoTENYNO,».(^.-5.) Help; assist- 

BoTB-RAiL, 9. A horizontal rail. 

BoTEscAHL, t. A boatswain. 

BoTEws, «. A sort of large boot, 
reaching up to or above the knee. 

BoT-voB,KS, 9. A crooked stick. 

Hon in the mone stond ant strit. 
On is boi-forke ia burthen he bereth. 
Lj^ Poetry t p. 110. 

BoTHAK, 9. A tumour. Devon. 
BoTHB, 9. A booth ; a shop where 

wares are sold. 
BoTHBM, 8. A watercourse. 

' I #. Nonsense: tire- 

I some talk. 


Bother, (1)9. To teaze ; to annoy. 

(2)gen.pL Of both. 
BoTHKRiNo, 8, A great scolding. 

Bo-THRU8H,#.The squalling thrush. 

BoTHUL, 9. The name of a flower. 

Pr. Parv. 
BoTHUH, 8. (1) Bottom. 

(2) {A.'N.) A bud. 
BoTiNO, «. (1) (J.'S,) Assistance. 

(2) ''Encrese yn byynge." Pr^ 

BoTME, 9. Bottom. Pr. Parv. 
BoTON, 8. A button. 
BoTOR, 9. {J.'N.) A bustard. 

Ther was Tamionn of hert and hen, 
Swannet, pecokes, and botors. 

Arthour tutd Merliu, p. lUL 

Be brojt a heron with a poplere, 
Curlews, boturs, bothe in fere. 

MS. Canted., If, t, 48, fl 4flk 

BoTRACBS, 9. A sort of frogs, said 

to be venomous. 
BoTRASBN, 9, To mskc buttresses. 
Botr6, «. A buttery. 
BoTs, 8. Small worms which breed 

in the entrails of horses ; a term 

applied by gardenersin someparta 

to all underground worms. 
BoTTA, adj. Proud, pert ; assuming 

consequential airs. Norf. 
BoTTE, {X)pret. t. of bit8. Bit. 

(2) 8. A bat } a club. 
Bottle, s. (i) A small cask, used 

for carrying liquor to the fields. 

(2) (Fr. hotel, boteau.) A bundle, 

more especially of hay or straw. 

Bottle8, little bundles. Leie. 

S3) A bubble. Somer8et, 
4) A round moulding. 
(5) (A.'S. botl) A seat, or ehief 
mansion house. 

i6) A pumpion. Devon. 
7) The dug of a cow. Ea»t. 
Bottle-bird, 8, An apple rolled up 

and baked in paste. Eaet. 
Bottlb-bump, •. The bittern. Eaet. 
Bottle- FLOWER,*. The blue-bottle, 
a flower growing among wheat. 

BOTTLE-HBAD, 9. A fool. 

Bottle- J uo, s. The long-tailed 

titmouse. Leie. 
Bottlb-nosb, 8. A porpoise. Ea9t. 
Bottle-nosbd, 9. Having a large 

nose. ^ 

Bottle-tit, «. The long-tailed tit« 

mouse. Northan^. 
Bottlb-up, v. To preserve in one's 

memory ; to keep secret. 
Bottom, (1) t. A ball of thread. 

(2) 8. A vessel of burden. 

(3) 8. The posteriors. 
BoTTOMER, 8. The man who con« 

veys the produce of a mine from 
the first deposit to the shaft. 




BoTTOMiNO-TOOL, t. A narrow, 
concave shovel used by drainers. 

Bottom -WIND, *. A particular mo- 
tion of the water observed in 
Derwent water. 

BoTTRY, adj. Short, stunty, applied 
to trees. Northamp, 

BoTTRY-TREK, *. An cldcr tree. 

BoTTY, adj. Proud. Sn^olk. 

BoTY, ». A butty ; a partner. />o&- 

BoucE-jANE, #. (^.-JV.) An ancient 
dish in cookery. 

■Bouee Jane. Take eode cowe mylk, and 
pat hit in a pot, and sethe hit, and take 
saee, parsel, ysope, and savory, and 
other gode herbes, and sethe horn and 
hew horn smalle, and do horn in the pot ; 
then take hennes, or capons, or chekyns ; 
when thai byn half rosted, take horn of 
ttie spit, and smyte horn on peces, and 
do therto, and put therto pynes and 
raysynges of corance, and let hit boyle, 
and serve hit foirthe. 

Warner^ AnHq. CMin,t p. 56. 

BoucHART, 9, A name for a hare. 
BoncHET, 9. (Fr.) A kind of pear. 
BouDE, V, (Fr.) To pout. 
BouDOE, 9. To badge ; to move. 

BowDs,/'* weevus. 

BooEYyt. A louse. Ware. 

BouFFB, #. Belching. Skinner. 

BouGE, 9. (1) A cask. The term is 
applied to the round swelling part 
of a cask, in Sussex. 
(2) (Fr,) An allowance of meat 
or drink to an attendant in the 
court, termed indiscriminately 
baueh, bouffe, or bovfgcj of court, 
^Bowge qf eourte, whychc was a 
liverye of meate and dryncke, 
SkrieUa." Huhet In the ordi- 
nances made at Eltham, in the 
I7th of Henry VIII, under the 
title bouehe qf court, the queen's 
maids of honour were to have, 
*' for tfaeire boueh in the morning, 
one chet lofe, one manchet, two 
gallona oi ale, dim' pitcher of 


wine." " Avoir bouehe k court, 
to eat and drink scot-free, to have 
budffe-a-court, to be in ordinary 
at court." Cotgrave, v, bouehe. 

What is Tonr business? — N. To fetch 
houdae (ff court, a parcel of invisiblo 
bread, be. B. Jon., Masq. cf Augurs. 

They had houeh qf court (to wit, meat 
and drink) and great wages of sixpence 
by the day. 

Stcw^s Survejf qf London. 

(3) 9. To project, heie. 

(4) " To make a bouge," to com- 
mit a gross blunder, to get a 
heavy fall. 

(5) V. To bulge, to swell out. 

(6) V. To prepare a ship for the 
purpose of sinking it. 

(7) «. A small beetle. IMc. 
BouoBRON, «. (fV.) Abardash. 
BouGBT, 9. A budget. 

Bough -HOUSES, «. Private houses 

allowed to be open during fain 

for the sale of liquor. 
BouGHRELL, 9. A kind of hawk. 
Bought, *. {J.-S.) A bend; 

joint ; applied particularly to the 

curve of a sling where the missile 

was placed. 
BouGHT-BREAD, 9. Bakcrs' bread. 

BouGiLL, 9. A bugle-horn. 
BouGOURy 9. {Fr.) A bardash. 
BouoY, 9. (Fr.) A small candle. 
BouKE, (1) 9. (J.-S.) The bulk; 

the body ; the interior of a 


(2) V. \J.'S.) To buck or wash 

(3) 9. A pail. North. 

(4) 9. The box of a wheeL 

(5) 9. A bolt. North. 
BouKED, a£y. Crooked. 
BouL, 9. An iron hoop. Line* 
Boulder head, 9. A work of 

small wooden stakes made again 
the sea. Su99e». 




BOULTB.V. {J..S.) To sift. 
-BouLTBD-BRBAD, 9, Bread made 

of wheat and rye. 
BouLTBR, *. (1) A person who sifts. 

(2) A sieve for meal. " A meale 

•i?e : a boulter : a serse." Nomen" 


BouLTiNO-CLOTH, f. A cloth for 
•training. " Bstamine. A strainer 
of hairy cloth : a bouiiing cloth." 

BauLTiNo-HUTCHf #. The wooden 
receptacle into which the meal 
was sifted. 

BouMBT, «if. Embalmed. 

Boux, (1) «<jp. (^..5.) Ready; 

(2) V. To dress ; to make ready ; 
to prepare. 

(3) f. A woman's garment. 
Bounce, «. The larger dogfish. 
BouNCHiNo, Aff. Bending or 

Bouncing, a4f. Large. 
Bound, (1) adj. Sure ; confident. 

(2) a4r. Apprenticed. 

(3) f . A boundary mark. 
Bounds, 9, (J..S,) A husband. 
Boundbb, f. A boundary; a limit. 
Bounding, 9, Perambulating the 

bounds of the parish. 
BouND.8TONE,f. Aboundaiystonc. 

The term occurs in a charter 

relating to Poole, co. Dorset, 

temp. Hen. VHI. 
BouNG, 9. A purse. An old slang 

BouNTi, «. (^.-iV.) Goodness. 

BOUNTEYOUS, 1 ,. « ^.- , 
B0UNT10U8, /«*• B0«ntrfttl. 

Mine, quoth the one, is of a hotmiious 

And in the taverne will be dnmke all nirht. 
Spending meet lavishly he knowei not wlat. 
Sffwkmds, Snoot of Spades, 1613. 

BouNTT.DATS,*. Holidays onwhich 
provision was given to the poor. 
North. '^ 

BouR, 9. {A.^S.) A bowers a 

BouRAM, f. A sink. Y(irk9h, 
BouRDB, (1) f. {A,'N.) A game ; s 

(2) V. To jest ; to jape ; to de- 

Where words may win good wi^ 

And boldnesie beare no blame, 
Whr ihonld there want a face of iMrasse 
Ix) howrd the bravest dame f 
TwrbervUU, Eptff.tmdSomisttet, l&e9. 

BouRDBB, f. A jester. 

BouRDiNGLT, odv. In sport. 

Bourdon, 9, (A,'N.) A staff. 

BouRDONASSB, 9. {Fr,) A sort of 

ornamented staff. 

Thnr men of armes were all barded and 
fumiahed with brave plumes, and goodly 

Daneft Trmul. qfPk. de Commts. 

BouBDouR, «. (1) A pensioner. 

(2) A cirelet round a helmet. 
Bourgeon, v. {A,»N.) To bud; 

to sprout. 
BouRHOLic, f. The burdock. 
Bourmaidnb, f. {A^S.) A cbam« 


Hail be t e, nonnes of seint Man house, 
Goddes oourmmdnet and hit owen apouie, 

Bourn, 9, (1) (^.-/$l) A brook; ft 

(2) A boundary, or limit. 

(3) Yeast. Exmoor, 
Bournedb, a^. Burnished. 
Bourt, 9. To offer; to pretend. 

• North. 

B0U8, f . A box ; a chest. Ywk9h. 

BousB, 9. Ore as drawn from the 
mines. Small ore, as washed by 
the sieve, is called 6au«e-«mt/A«i. 




To drink. As oM 
cant term. 

B068U8 wiU hnoH» and bragges he can (n«v 

(Or make tiiem deadly dnmke) an hoasl 

of men ; 
When he is foxt he plaies the bull and 

And makes all men and women fioare him 

then. Dan99,Scmrg9qfFoa$,VSil 




B0V8TOU8, Mg. Impetuous. 

Bout, (1) f. A batch. 
(2) f. A turn ; a go ; a 8et-to>at 
(3^ eonf. But. 
(4) prq/. Without ; except. 

Boutepeu, f . {Fr.) An incendiary. 

Buut-hammbb. The heavy two- 
handed hammer used by black- 
smiths. East 

Bout-bousb, ado. On the ground; 
anywhere. fFtpht. 

Boutisalb, f. A sale at a cheap 

Bousing- CAN, t. A drinking 

Boyatb, 9, As much land as one 
yoke of oxen can reasonably cul- 
tivate in a year. 

BoYM, prep. Above. 

BoYBBT, f. {A.'N,) A young ox. 

BoYOLi, 9, {ItaL) A kind of snails 
or periwinkles, used as deli- 

Bow, (1) 9, A yoke for oxen. 
(2)f. A nosegay. iV:J2. York9k. 
(3^ 9. A bow's length. 

(4) 9, A boy. 

(5) f. A small arched bridge. 

(6) 9, An arch or gateway. 
Bow-BELL, 9. One bom within the 

found of Bow bells. 

Bow-BOT, f. A scarecrow. Keni, 

BowcER, 9. The bursar. 

BowDiKiTB, 9, A contemptuous 
name for a mischievous child ; an 
insignificant or corpulent person. 

BowDLBD, aty. Swelled out; rui&ed 
with rage. 

BowB, (1 ) V, To bend ; to bow. 
(2) f . A bough ; a branch. 

BowBLL-HOLB, 9, A Small aper- 
ture in the wall of a barn for 
giving light and air. North, 

BowEN, «. (1) A narrative. 

(2) Early or half-cured sprats tsn 
called kiwen sprats. 

BowBBy a. (^-S.) A chamber. 

BowBRiNOB, 9, The part of a tree 

consisting of the boughs. 
BowERLT, adj. Tall; handsome. 

Bowers, 1 9, Toung hawks, be* 
BowETs, V fore they are branch- 
BOWE88B8, J ers. 

BowBTT, 9, Linsey-wolsey. North 
Bow-hand, 9, The left hand. To 

be too much of the bow-hand, to 

fail in a design. 
BowHAWLER, f. Amanwhodrawt 

barges along the Severn. 
BowiB-FRAMB, f. A phrasc ap* 

plied to toads when together. 

Fairfax, Bulk and Selnedgt pf 

the World, 1674, p. 130. 
BowiT, «. A lanthorn. North. 
Bowk, (1) adj. Crooked. North, 

(2) 9, An article used in the 

shaft of a coalpit. 
Bowk* IRON, 9. The circular piece 

of iron lining the interior oi a 

wheel. Weet, 
Bow-KiTT, 9, A sort of large can 

with a cover. Yorkeh, 
Bow-KNOT, f . A large, loose knot. 
BowL-ALLET, 9, A covcrcd space 

for the game of bowls, instead of 

a bowling green. 
Bowling-match, 9. A game with 

stone howls, played on the high- 
way from village to village. North, 
Bowltbll, 9, A kind of cloth. 
Bown, a^. Swelled. Notf, 
BowNDTN, adj. Ready ; prepared* 
Bowne, 9. 

Bomu, battel], or mereitaffl^ or atone^ 
Jwiiliariut, HidoH, 

Bow-NBT, 9, A sort of net for 

catching fish, made of twigs 

bowed together. 
Bow-pot, If. A flower-pot fui 
BOUGH-POT, J a window. We9t. 
BowRB, V, To lodge. Spem. 
BowREs, 9, A dish in old cookery. 
Bowsing, 9, A term in hawking, 

an insatiable desire for drink. 
BowsoM, adj. Buxom; obedient^ 

Bow9omnei, obedience. 




BowssEN, ». To dip in water, to 
drench or soak. 

BowsTAYES, f . Stares for bows ? 

Bowsy, adj. (1) Bloated by 
(2) Large ; bulky. Berki, 

BowT, *. (1) (Fr,) The tip of the 

(2) Part of an angler's ap- 

BowTEL, 9, A convex moulding. 

Bow-wEED, «. Knapweed. 

Bow-wow, 9. A servile attendant. 

Foore unbegotten wether beaten Qualto, 
an hub-hansom man, God wot, and a bow- 
wow to his lady and mistreue, serving 
a lady in Italy aa a Tom dradge of the 
pudding house. FhUotimuSt 1583. 

BowTER, 9.(1) A maker of bows. 

(2) A small ship. 
Box, (1) «. A blow. 

^2) ». To strike. 

(3) 9. A benevolent club, the 
anniversary dinner of which is 
called a boa-dhmer. North. 

(4) To ** box the fox," to rob an 
orchard. We9t, 

(5) Box of a cow. A peculiar 
meaning, apparently the wicket 
of the belly. York9hire Jle, 
p. 93. 

(6) To be boxed about, to be 
much discussed and talked of. 

Fray be pleas'd to send me your mind 
about this sermon: for Goodman 
Staidman's child is to be christened 
next Friday, and there it will be boz'd 
about; and I am in a great quandary 
about it. Dame Huddles Letter, 1710. 

Box-AND-DicE, f. A game of 

Box-BARBOW, «. A hand-barrow. 

Box-harry, v. To be careful after 

having been extravagant. Line, 
Boxing, adj. Buxom. Line, 
Boxing-DAT, 9. The day after 

Christmas day, when people ask 

for Christmas-boxes. 
Box-iron, ». A flat-iron. JS!af«/. An 

iiou incioseJ in a heater. 

Bot-blind, a4^*. Undi8ceming,like 

a boy. 
BoTDEKiN, 9, A dagger. See 

Bote, f. {J.'S.) A lad servant. 
B'oYE. Be wi' ye. 
Botkin, 9. A term of endearment; 

a little boy. 
BoTLES, «. Lice. Line, 
BoTLUM, 9. A kind of iron ore. 
BoYLY, adv. Boyishly. 
Boys, *. (J,'N.) A wood. 
BoYSHE, 9. A bush. 
Boysid, adJ, Swelled. 
BoYs*-Loyx, *. Southernwood. 

BoYSTiNG MILK, 9, Becstings ; 

the first milk a cow gives after 

BoYSTONE, V, To cup. Pr, Pan), 
BoYT, adj. Both. 
BozzuM, 9, The yellow ox-eye. 
BozzuM - CHUCKED, odj, Rcd- 

cheeked. We9t. 
BojB, V, To move; to rise, or go. 
Braa, 9, An acclivity. North, 
Brab, *. A spike-nail. Yorkfh, 
Braband, 9, Cloth of Brabant, 
Brabble, v. To quarrel; to 

B babblement, 9, A quarrel. 
Bracco, adj. Diligent ; laborious. 

Brace, (1) 9, {J.-N,) Armour for 

the arms. 

(2J r. To embrace. 

(3) *. {A,'N) An arm of the sea. 

(4) V. To brave a person; to 

(5) 9, The clasp of a buckle. 

(6) (/v.) A piece of timber with 
a bevil joint, to keep the parts of 
a building together. 

(7) *. Warlike preparation. 
Bracer, 1*.(1) (^.-iV.) Armour 

ERASER, J for the arms. 
(2) {Fr, Bra99art.) A piece of 
wood worn on the arm in playing 
at ball or balloon, 
Brach, 9, {A.'N.) A kind of small 




•eenting hound. "Catellus, a 

Tery littell hounde or braehef -a 

whelpe/' Elyot, The word seems 

at a late period to have been used 

generally for a bitch. Brath was 

the ancient Cornish name of the 

mastiff dog. * 

There. are in England and Scotland two 
. kinds of huniing-dogs, and no where 
else in the world : the first kind is called 
one raehe (Scotch), and this is a foot> 
scenting creature, both of wild beasts, 
birds, and fishes also, which lie hid 
among the rocks : the female thereof in 
England is called a braehe. A braeh is a 
Biannerlyname for all hound-bitches. 
Gentleman's BecreeUion, p. 27* 

Braeh Merriman,— the poor cur is imbost — 

And couple Clowderwitn the deep-mouth'd 

Irach. Skakeep., Tarn. Skr. induct. 

Ha* ye any hraches to spade. 

B. and Fl., Beggat't Bush, iii, 1. 

Brachicourt, «. A horse with its 

fore-legs bent naturally. 
Brachygraphy-mak, 9, {Gr,) A 

short-hand writer. 
Bracino, 9, Cool, applied to the 

Bracing-girdle, «. A kind of belt. 

Brack, (1) «. A break, or crack ; 

a flaw. 

Having a tongue as nimble as his 
needle, with servile patches of glavering 
flattery, to stitch up the bracks, &c. 

Antonio and MelUda, 1602. 

S2^ 9. A piece. Kennett, 
3; 9. Salt water ; brine ; some* 
times, river-water. 

Snffolke a sunne halfe risen iirom the brack, 
Norfolke a Triton on a dolphins backe. 

Drayton's Foems, p. 20. 

Where, in clear rivers beaulifled with 

The sUver Naiades bathe them in the brack. 
Bray ton, Man in the Moon. 

!4^ f. A sort of harrow. North, 
5) V. To mount ordnance. 
(6) 8, A cliff or crag. 
Brack-breed, adj. Tasted. North, 
Bracken, «. Fern. North. 
Bracken-clock, s. A small brown 

beetle found on fern. 
Brakbt-rulks, 9, A trivet for 

holding toast before the fire. 

Brackle, V, To break ; to crumble 
to pieces. Northampt, 

Brackly, adj. Brittle. Stajj^. 

Brackwort, 9. A small portion 
of beer in one of its early stages, 
kept by itself till it turned yellow, 
when it was added to the rest. 
Harrison* 9 Descr. of Engl, 

Braconiek, «. {Fr.) The bemer, 
or man that held the hounds. At 
present the term hraeonnUr is 
applied in France to a poacher. 

Brad, a^/. (1) Spread out; ex- 
tended. North. 

(2) (J..S.) Roasted. 

(3) Hot ; inflamed. North. 

(4) 9. A small nail vnthout a head. 
Bradder, adj. Broader. 

^BRA^^DDriD 1«^>- Comfortably 

BRADLED^ J ^»'°^«*^- ^^''^' 

Brade, (1) t. {A.-S.) To pretend. 

(2) V. To bray ; to cry. 

(3) adj. Broad ; large. 
Brades, 8. Necklaces, or hanging 

Bradow, v. To spread ; to cover. 

Brads, 9. (l) Small nails. 

(2) Money. Essea?. 

Brabl, 9, The back part of a 

Braffaic. See Batfhame, 
Brag, (I) adj. (from the Fr, v. 

bragtuer.) Brisk; spirited; proud. 

It broi^htthe spiders againe, braa and bold. 
HeyiDoo^s Spider anaFlie^ 1556. 

I was (the more foole I) so proud and brag^ 
I sent to you against St. James his faire 
A tierce (n daret-wine, a great fat stag, &c. 

Harringt., J^., ii, 51. 

(2^ 9. A ghost or goblin. North, 

(3) 9. An old game at cards. 
Bragancb, aeff. Bragging. Toume* 

ley My9t. 
Braget, 1 f . a sort of beverage 
BRAGOAT, vformi^rly esteemed in 
BRAGOT, J Wales and the West 

of England. 




By ■• tbftt kaowt sot neck-beef from ft 

Kor caBBot relish Vraggat from anibrosia. 
B. m^., LUOe Tkirf, act 1. 

3b wudn Bragottt. Take to x gakms of 
ale, ig potell of IVne worie, and iU 
qnartis of bony, and patt therto canell 
5. ii^, peper schort or long, 5. ii^., galin- 
gale, 5. J., and clowys, 5. J., and fdngiTer, 
j.^. MS.\UkenU. 

The following is a later recdpt 

for making **bragffef*s 

Take three or four gal(ms of good ale 
or more ae jron please, two dayes or 
tiiree after it is clensed, and pnt it into 
a pot br itselfe, then draw forth a pottle 
thereof and pnt to it a quart or good 
English bony, and set them over the Are 
in a yesseU, and let them borle faire and 
softly, and alwayes as any froth ariaeth 
skamme it awav, and so clarifie it, and 
when it is well clarifted, take it off the 
fixe, and let it eoole, and pnt thereto of 
pepper a penny worth, cloves, mace, 
ginger, nutmegs, cinamon, of each two 
penny worth, beaten to powder, stir 
Ibem well together, and set them over 
the ftre to boyle againe awhile, then 
being milke-warme put it to the rest, 
and stirre all together, and let it stand 
two or three daies, and put barme upon 
iti, and drink it at your pleasure. 

Smm qfHeaUh. 

Braooablb, adj. Poorly; indif. 
ferent. Shropfh. 

Bbagoadocia, 9, A braggart. 

Braooatt, aij}. Mottled, like an 
adder, with a tendency to brown. 

Braoged, adj. Pregnant ; in foal. 

Braoger, If. A wooden bracket, 
braggbt, j or corbel. 

Braooino-jack, «. A boaster. 
*' ThrasOt a Taineglorions fellow, 
a craker, a boaster, a bragging'' 
Jaeke** Nomenebstor, 

Braoolb, V, To poke about. Weit. 

Braoglbd, Ajf. Brindled. So' 

Braoless, adj, Witbout osten- 

Braolt, ad». Briskly; finely. 

Braid, (1) v. To resemble. NortK 

(2) «. A reproach. 
(3)v. To upbraid* 

(4) 9. (J,'S, hrtgd.) A start | 11 
sadden movement ; a fright. 

— When with a hrM» 
A deep-fet sigh he gave, and tiierewithal 
daapmg hit handa, to heav*n he east his 
sight. nrregoMdPomM, O. P., ^148. 

f5^ f. A toss of the head* 
[6^ 8, A moment of time. 
,7) 8. Hastiness of mind; pasri.<m ; 

(8)«. Craft ; deceit. 
[9) adj. Qnick; hasty. 
10)9.(^.-5.) Deceit. 
^llW. A blade of com. Noff. 
J2)v, To beat or press, chiefly 
applied to culinary objects. .fiSnt/, 

(13) 9. To nauseate. North. 

(14) V, To net. J)or8ei. 

(15) «. A row of underwood, 
chopped up and laid lengthways. 

(16) V. To Me or lose colour. 
Braidb, v. (A.'&) (1) To start 

quickly or suddenly ; to leap ; to 

(2) To draw forth, as to pull ft 
sword out of the scabbard. 

(3) To strike ; to beat down. 

(4) To brandish. 
Braidbrt, 8, Embroidery. Wight. 
Braids, «. (1) A wicker guard to 

protect newly grafted trees. 


(2) Scales. North, 
Braidt, a4^'. Foolish. Yorhth, 
Brail, v, (jFV.) To put a piece of 

leather over the pinion of one of 

the hawk's wings to keep it close. 

A term in falconry. Brailfea' 

ther8, the long small white fea* 

thers under the taiL 

Alasl our sex is most wretched, nurs'd 
up from infancy in continual slavery. 
No sooner are we able to prey for our* 
selves, but they brail and hood us so with 
■our awe of our parents, that we dare nrt 
offer to bate at our desires. 

jilkumauur, 0. P., vii, 171. 

Brain, 9, To beat out the braiRS. 
Brain-grabbo, 04^'. Mad. 



Whst »'trim-tntm trick it this? The 
Blaster and the man both hrmn-crMS^d i 
aa theoncus'dme, so did the other my 
mistress Brome't Northern Lou. 

Brainish, 04/* M*^* Shaiesp., 9, A kind of plant. 
Brain-pan, <. The skull. 
Brain8Ick,ii4/. Wildbrained;mad. 
Brain-stonks, *. A name formerly 
given to stones the size of one s 
head, nearly round, found in 
Wiltshire. Aubrey. 
Brain-wood, 04;. Quite mad. 
Braird, (1) «4;. Tender; fresh. 

(2) s. (A.'S. brard.) The first 
blade of grass. 
Braissit (for braced.) Inclosed. 
Braist, adj. Burst. 
Brait, 8. (1) (A.'S.) A sort of 
garment, or cloak. 
(2) A rough diamond. 
Brak, pret.t. Broke. ^ , ^ 
Brake, (I) *. Fern; called also 
broken. Still used in the North. 
BMfh' Sir,yoii8<ethiapto»of«oniid, 
it hath not the name for nongiit ; it is 
caUed Femie close, and, as you 86e, it is 
full, and so overgrowne with these 
irakes, that all the art we can devise,ana 
hiboor we can nse, cannot rid them. 

Ifordeti, Surujfon JHalogue, 1610. 

(2) *. A plat of bushes growing 
by themselves, a bottom over- 
grown with thick tangled brush- 
Til but the fate of ptoe^ and the rough 

That virtue must go V»«w»P»v-_ ^tttt i q 
8kakap.t Hen. VJII, U ». 

Honour should pun hard, ere it drew me into 

these ftrolrM. ...« . i 


S3) «• An enclosure for cattle. 
4)#. A snaffle for horses. 
Lyke as the Jro** within the Tnitr'thmd 
Ijith strain the horse, nye wood withgneT 

Hot wSd before to come in such » band- 

Surrey'e Poenu, sign. XJ, 3. 



(7) A strong wooden frame in 
which the feet of young and 
vicious horses are confined b| 
farriers, to be shod. 

(8) *. An engine to confine the 


He is fallen into some brake, some wench 

has tied him by the legs. 

Skirlji*e OppartmUf, 

(9) f . A sort of crossbow. 

Crosse-bowes were first among the Cretans 

seene. . > ^^ 

Quarrycs and bolts the Synaw bring to 

The^ever-bold Fhenctians fumisht beene 
With brakes and slings to chronicle their 
might. Great Bntatnes Troye, 1(H». 

(10) 9. An instrument for dress- 
ing hemp or flax. 

11) 9. A harrow. 

12) 9. A large barrow. North. 
13)f. Abaker'skneading-trough. 
14) 9. The handle of a ship's 


(15) 9. A sort of carriage used 
for breaking in horses. 

(16) V. To beat. North. 

(17) ». To vomit. Pr. Parv. 

(18) #. A mortar. North. 
Brakb-bu8h,«. Asmall plot of fern. 
Brakes, jiaW.ji. Broke. 
Brakbt, «. SeeBraget. 
Bralkr, 9. A bundle of straw. 

Bramaoe,*. Akindofcloth,of which 

carpets were sometimes made. 
Bramblb-bbrrirs,*. Blackberries. 

Bramblb-sith, 9. A hedge-mil. 
Euncina. A bramMenth or bush-sith: 
an hedge bill. NomencUUor, 1686. 

Bramb, *. (A.'S.) Vexation. 
Bramish, v. To flourish ; to assume 

affected airs ; to boast. Ea9t. 
Bramlinb, 9. The chaffinch. 
Bran, (1) v. To bum. North. 

(2) 9. A brand, or log of wood. 


(3)#. Thin hark ;skm. 

Surrey's Poems, sign. U. 8. (3) ,. Thin hark ; swn. 

(5) 9. An instrument of torture. (4) adv. Quite. Devon. Bran^^ 
(fii 9. A flaw. See Brack. I See Brands. 




Brakcard, s, (Ft.) A horse litter. 
Branch, (1) v. To make a hawk 
leap from tree to tree. 

S2) V, To embroider, to figure. 
3) «. A small vein of ore. 
Branch-coach, «. In the old days 

of coaching, a coach, called the 

branch coach, used to go round 

the town collecting passengers 

for the stage-coach. 
Branch-coal, f. Kennel coal. 

Branchbr, 9. (1) A young hawk, 

just beginning to fly. The term 

is also applied to a nightingale 

by bird-fanciers. 

(2) An officer belonging to the 

Branches, <• Bibs of groined 

Branchilbt, f. (Fr,) A little 

branch or twig. 
Brancorn, «. Blight. 
Brand, (1) «. (J.-S.) A sword. 

(2) «. The smut in wheat. 

(3) V, To brand turves, to set 
them up to dry in the sun. Comno, 

(4) V, To roast. 

(5) 9, A spark. 
Brand-bete, V, To mend or make 

up the fire. Devon, 
Brands, v. To burn. 
Branded, s, A mixture of red and 

black. North. 
Brandellet, $. Some part of the 

armour. Richard Coer de L,, 322. 
Brandbbs, «.^The supporters of a 

com stack. 
Brand-ieons, f. (1) The same as 


(2) Red-hot irons for branding. 
Brandishing, s, A parapet. 
Brandlb, v. (from fV*. branditter.) 

To totter ; to gi?e way. 
Brandlet. See Brandreth, 
Brandling, «. The angler's dew- 
Brandly, adv, SharpW ; fiercely. 
• North. 
Brand-new, adj. Quite new. 

Brandow, t. (1) A fire-brand. 

(2) A wisp of straw or stubblcu 


Brandreth, "^ 9. An iron tripod, 

brandeledb, I on which a pot 

branlrt, I or kettle is placed 

branlede, J over the fire. 

Brandrith, 9. A fence round a 

well to prevent falling into it. 

Brands, 9, The stems or stout parts 

of the thorn, after the small 

branches have been cut ofiT. Noff. 

Branduts, 9. Four wooden arms 

fixed to the throat of a spindle 

in an oatmeal-milL Shrcpsh. 

Brand-winb, 1 9. The old name 

brandewine, j for eau-de'Vie, 

now shortened into brandy. 

Bay any bnmd-winet bny any hrand-^ne. 

BeffffoPs Susht iii, 1. 

Hs confided not in Hanse'i brmute-ioitte. 

0. Tooke, Belidei. 

Brandt-ball, 9. A Suffolk game. 

Brandt-bottles, s. The flowers 
of the yellow water-lily. Norf. 

Bbandtsnap, 9. Thin gingerbread. 

Branglr, v. To quarrel. 

Brangled, adj. Confused ; entan- 
gled. Line. 

Brank, (1) v. To hold up the head 

(2) r. To put a restraint on any- 
thing. North. 

(3) 9. Buck-wheat. East. 
Brankes, 9. A saddle of straw. 
Brankke, 9. {A.'N.) To wound. 
Branks, (1) «. An instrument, 

formerly used for punishing 

scolds, being a sort of iron frame 

for the head, with a gag for the 


(2) A sort of halter or bridle. 

Branslb, 1 9, (Fr.) A dance, the 
bransbl, I same as the brawl. 
Brant, (1) adj. Steep; perpen^ 

dicular. North. 

(2) adv. Up. . 

{Z) part. p. Burnt. C^A. 


(4) •. A harrow. Huhet, 

(5) 8. A brantgoose, or barnacle 

(6) adj. Consequential ; pompous. 

B&AN-TAiL,«. The redstart. Shrops. 
BRANTKN.crfj. Bold; courageous. 

Bra8«, \v. To make ready; to 

BRAZB, J prepare. 

Such-was my lucke, I shot no shiift in vaine, 

My bow stood bent and brased all the y earc. 

' Mirr.for Mag., p. 509. 

Bbasbll, adj. An epithet for a 
bowl, used in the game of bowls. 

BlcBse his sweet honour's running *r«*«jM 
l^^le. Marston, Sat., u. 

Brasbt, \9. A kind of sauce, 

BRASiLL, J apparently for fish. 

"Pykes in brasey,** and "eels in 

brasill'* are mentioned in the 

Forme of Cury. 

Bbash, (1) «. The refuse boughs 
and branches of fallen timber; 
clippings of hedges. 

(2) t. To run headlong. North, 

(3) adj. Impetuous; hasty; rash. 

(4) *. A violent push. 

(5) f. A rash or eruption. West. 

(6) «. Any sudden development, 

a crash. 

(7) V, To prepare ore. North. 
Brash, \». A sudden 

watRR-brash, J sickness, accom- 
panied with a rising of brackish 
water into the mouth. Warw. 

Brashib, adj. Land that is light 
and brittle.and fuUof small stones 
and gravel, is said in Gloucester- 
shire to be brashie. 

Brashy. Small ; rubbishy ; delicate 
in constitution. North. 

Brasil, *. A word used in dyeing 
to give a red colour. It is used 
by Chaucer, Cant. T., 15465 ; and 
in other early writings. 

Brass, s. (1) Copper coin, half- 
(2) Impudence.. 

Brassarts, \ 9. {A.'N.) In ancient 
BRASSBTS, J armour, pieces be- 

251 BRA 

tween the elbow and the top of the 
shoulder, fastened together by 
straps inside the arms. 

Brassish, adj. Brittle. North. 

Brast, pret. and pret. t. Burst. 

Brast, v. To burst, or break. 

Then ean she so to sobbe 
It seem'd her heart would ^o't. 
Eomeus and Juliet, Svpp. to Sk., i, 838. 

Brastlb, v. To boast; to brag. 

Brastmbs, f. A rupture, ffahet. 
Brat, s. (1) (^.-S-.) A short coarse 


(2) A coarse kind of apron. 


(3) A child's bib or apron. North. 

(4) A turbot. North. 

(5) Film or scum. North. 
Bratchet, 9. A term of contempt. 


Brathly, adv. Fiercely; exces- 

Bratticb, "1 *. a partition ; a shelf; 
brattish,/ a seat with a high 
back. North. 

Brattishing, 9. The same as 

Brattle, (1) v. To thunder. 


(2) V. To lop the branches of 
trees after they are felled. The 
loppings are called brattltngs. 

(3) *. A race, or hurry. North. 

(4) 8. A push, or stroke. North. 
Bratty, adj. Mean and dirty. Line. 
Brauch,«. Bakings of straw. Kent. 
Brauchin,*. Ahorse-collar. North. 
Brauohwham,«. a dish composed 

of cheese, eggs, and bread and 
butter, boiled together. Lane. 

BRAVVOivQ,adj. Pompous. North. 

Bravadoes, 8. Roaring boys. 

Bravation, 9. Bravery. 

Brave, (1) adj. (^.-iNT.) Finely 


They're wondrous irave io-Cxji why do 

they wear 
Ttese several habits? . r» w •« *si 
^iitor. Coromb., O. Pi, vi, 581 




Por TtittremM, and therefore will be ifww; 
U iiUu rilraUle it of er'tj colour. 

QT9m*t Tu, Q., 0. FL, Til, 8S. 

(2) V. To make a person fine. 

Thoa hast bra^d manT men (that % 
hast made them fine, heinff said to a 
taylor) brave not me; I will neither be 
fac'd nor irm'd. Tam, iSJkr., iv, 8. 

Thon glaase wherein my dame hntli andi 

As when she bmet then moit on thee to 

gaze. T. WtUwmt Soniut S4. 

(3) 9. A boast ; a vaunt. 

(4) 9. A bravo ; a ruffian. 

(5) 9. A trophy. 

Trophfe, enseigne de victoire. A signe 
or token of Victoria: a knne. 


(6) adj. In some dialects, they 
say of a person just recovered 
from a sickness, ** He is hrate** 

Bbavbrt, (1) 9, Finery. 

(2) 9, A beau ; a fine gentleman. 
Bravi, 9, {Lat) A reward, or prize. 
Brawdry, 9, Sculptured work. 

Bra WET, 9, A kind of eeL North. 
Brawl 1 9, (Fr,) A sort of dance, 
BRALL, J brought from France 

about the middle of the sixteenth 


^ifJ^^"" !*• A brat, or child. 

BROL, J ' 

Shall snch a bepar's brawU as that» think- 
est thou, make me a theefe? 

Oammer Gurt., O. PL, ii, 61. 

And for the delight thon tak'st in bcQiars 
and their bmwls. 

JovUd Crew, O. PL, x, 857. 

Brawn, 9. (1) Smut of com. We9t, 
The stump of a tree. Devon, 
A boar; a boar pig. 
(4) Any kind of flesh, not merely 
that of the boar, especially the 
muscular parts of the body. 

Brawned, adj. Strong; brawny. 

Brawkbschedtn. Branded. TVm- 
daht p. 40. 

Brawn-fallen, adj. Very thin. 

Brawns, 9. The muscles. 

Brat, (1) 9. (Fr.) To beat in • 
mortar ; to beat ; to thrash. 

Twonld grieve me to be bnq^d 
In a huge mortar, wronght to mate, fee. 

Jtbimuuuur, O. TL, vii, 161. 

(2) a^. Good; bold. 

(3) V. To throw. 

U) V. To upbraid. Huhet. 

(bS 9. To cry. 

(6) 9, A cliff, or rising ground. 

Bnt when to dimb the other hill they gao» 

Old Aladine came fiercely to their aid ; 
On that steep bra^ lord Gnelpho would 
not then 
Haiard hia foDc, bat there his soldiers 
staid. t^nrf'* 3Vu«o,ix, 96. 

Bratiko-ropbs, »• Part of the 

harness of a horse. , 

Brats, 9, Hay thrown in rows' 

before it is made into cocks. 
Braze, 9, (1) To be impudent. 

(2) To acquire a bad taste, applied 

to food. North, 
Brazil, t. Sulphste of iron. 

Breach, (1) 9, A break, applied 

especially to the break of day. 

(2) Breach of the eea, the brim 
where the waves beat over the 
sand, or where the foam is carried 
by the breaking of the waves. 

(3) 9. A plot of land preparing 
for another crop. Devon. 

(4) 9, To quarreL Tu99er. 
Breach-corn, «. Leguminous 


Breacbt, adv, (1) Said of cattle 
apt to break out of their pasture. 
(2) Brackish. Su99ex, 

Bread, 9, " To know which side 
one*s bread is buttered on," t. e,, 
to consider one's own Interest. 
'* To take bread and salt," meant, 
to bind one's self by oath. In 
Northamptonshire they say, '* If 
I don't speak to such a one when 
I meet her, there will be no 
bread in nine loaves ;" meaning, 
she will fancy I am offended, ot 
too proud to notice her. 

Breadinos, 9, The swathes ot 




heaps of corn or g^ss wherein 
the mower leaves them. Cheth. 

Brbad-loaf, i. Household bread. 

Break, (1) «. Land in the first 
year after it has been ploughed 
or broken up, after it has long 
lain fallow or in sheep-walks. 

(2) 9, A stag breais cover, when 
he goes out before the hounds ; 
and breaks watert when he has 
just passed through a river. 

(3) V, To break beans, to run the 
horse-hoe between the rows. 

(4) 9. To tear. Han^h, 

(5) To break acron in tilting, 
when the tilter, by unsteadiness 
or awkwardness, suffered his 
spear to be turned out of its 
direction, and to be broken across 
the body of his adversary, instead 
of by the push of the point. 

Brbak-dansb, s. a treacherous 

Brbakditch,<. a cow which will 

not stay in her own pasture; any 

one in the habit of rambling. 

Brbak-neck, f. A ghost. North, 
Brbaknet, 8, The dog>fish. *' A 

breakenet: a seadog, or dog- 

fishe." Nomenelator, 
Break-up, v. To cut up a deer. An 

old hunting term. 
BREAii,a4/< ^old and bleak. North, 
Brban, 9. To perspire. Yorksh, 
Brbant-need, s. Assistance in 

distress. North, 

Breast, (I) s. The voice. 

Truely two degrees of men thall greatly 
lacke the use of nnginge, preachers and 
lawyers, because they shall not without 
this, be able to rule their bretutes for 
every purpose. Jsekam's Toaeopk.^ p. S9. 

By my troth, the fool has an excellent 
irtast. Shakap., Tw. Night, ii, S. 

Pray ye stay a little : let's hear him sine, 
ras a ftne knatt. B. jr It^ PUffrim, iu. 6. 

(2) 9, To trim a hedge. Shropsh. 
^3) s. The face of ocwl-workiiigt. 

(4) 9, To spring up. North, 
Brbast-knot, «. Aknotofribbom 

worn by women on the breast 

Brbat, f . A kind of tnrbot. 
Breath, (1)<. Exercise; breathingi 


(2) 9, To exercise. 

He would every morning hrtath himself 
and his horse in running at the ring; 
after dinner he often danced in masks, 
and made sumptuous feasts, and in every 
thing he did shew himself so mi^ia* 
cent, that he charmed the hearts of all 
tiie Italians. Hittarg qf F^rmiido»,\6&^ 

(3) 9, To take breath. 

(4) s, A smile. Somerset. 

(5) s. Scent ; odour. West, 

(6) 9. To bray ; to neigh. Devon. 

(7) Futuere. "And think'st thoa 
to breath me upon trust?" 
Heywoody Royal Kmgy 1637. 

Brbathing-holb, s. a vent-hoU 

in a cask. 
Brbathino-whilb, s. a time 

sufficient for drawing breath; 

a very short period of time. 

Ingratitude, I hold a vice so vile. 

That I could ne'r enduret a treaihh^ 

And therefore ere ri prove a thanklesss 

Tune in his conne shall runne quite retro- 
grade. Taylor'a Win-in, 1630 

Breau, s. Spoon meat. North, * 
Brbcbb, s, \A,'S,) (1) Breeches^ 

And whan that thay knewe that thay 
were naked, thay sowede of fige leves 
hi maner of hncket, to hiden here mem- 
birt, ChmueeTf Fertoms T, 

(2) The buttocks of a deer. 
Brbck, (1) «. A piece of unen« 

closed arable land ; a sheep walk, 

if in grass. East, 

(2) A small hole broken, usually 

confined to cloth or like material 

Brbdalb, s. a marriage-feast. 
Bredb, (1) 9. (J,-S.) To roasts 

Kan and hoot thai brent and hreddm, 
And her godes oway ledden. 

Jrthour mud MerU$h P* S7€k 





(2) «. Breadth. NortK 

h) V. To breed. 

r4) adj, (^.-5.) Broad; extended. 

[5) ado. Abroad. Skinner* 

[6) ». Living; employment. 

[7) 9. A knot. We9t. 

[8) 8. (^..5.) A board. 

[9) f. A braid. 
Brbokchesb, 9, Cream-cheese. 
Brbdhitithb, 9, A lump of bread. 

Pr, Parv. 
Brbd-sorb, 9, A whitlow. Ea9L 
Brbb, (1) 9, A bank. -iVbr/A. 

(2) *. {A.'S,) The eyebrow. 

(3) adj. Short, spoke of earth as 
opposed to stiff and clayey. 

{A\ V. To frighten. North, 
(5) 9. Agitation. North. 

Brbbch, 9. To flog; to whip. 

BrbbchmbNi 9. Sailors. 

Brbbd, (1) V, To phiit. South. 
(2) Breed and eeed^ birth and 
parentage and relationship. **I 
know the breed and eeedof him." 

Brbbd-batb, 9. A maker of con- 

Brbbdbr, 9. A fine day. Ea9t. 

Bbbbds, «. The brims of a hat. 

BrIebfb, «. A gadfly. See Britf. 
"Flye havynge foure winges 
called a breife, Tabanu9.'* HuL 

lll^l^iiA, } •• Breeches. North. 
Brbbk-oirdillb, 9. A girdle round 
the middle of the body. 

At js ireggwrdU that snrerd agtod. 

MhmoU MS., loth cent: 

Brbbl, 9. Perhaps for broL 

Why lowtt 56 nat low to my lawdabyll 

Te brawlyng hreeU and blabyr-lyppyd 

bycchya. Digiy Mysteries, p. 107. 

Brbbn, 9. A gob in. North, 
Brbbtb, adf, A term applied to 

light, open soil. West. 
BftBBZB, (1) V. To lean hard Devon. 

(2) 9. A quarrel. Var, d, 
Brbf, adj. {A.'N) Brief; short. 
Brbvfbt, v. To ransack. Unc, 
Brbogb, 9. A bridge. 
BBBOiD,/iar/.j9. Abridged. 
Brbio, 9. {A.-S, bregd.) Grief; fear. 

¥or erere were thou lather and lei^ 
for to brewe me bitter hreid. 
And me to payten out of pees. 


Brbkb, v. To break ; to separate. 

Brbkbt, 9. A weapon ; a sort of 

Bbbmb, a^j. {A.'S. brem,) Re- 
nowned ; fierce ; vigorous ; cruel 
Brbnchi 9. The brink. 
Brbndb, (1) v. To make broad; 

to spread about. North. 

(2) part. p. Burn shed. 
Bbbndston, 9. Brimstone. 
Brbnk, v. To stand erect in a stiff 

and pompous manner. York9h. 
Brbnnb, (1) V. {A.'S.) To bum. 

(2) 9. Bran. 
Brbnninolt, adv. Hotly. 
Brbnt, a4;. (1) Steep. North. 

(2) Burnt. 
Brbnwatbr, 9. Aquafortis. 
Brbmtbdb, «. (^.-iV'.) Courageous. 
Brbrd, 9. (A.-S.) The surface; 

Brbrb, (1) 9. {A.'S. bner.) A briar. 

(2) V. To sprout. North. 
BRBRBwooDyl «. The brim of a 
BREWARD, J hat. *<Aile, awing; 

also, the brimme or brereumd 

of a hat." Cotgrave. 
Brksb, v. {A.'N,) To bruise. 
Bressbmor, 9. A beam. North. 
Brbst-applb, 9. A kind of apple. 

Mala orthomastica, Flin. mammarum ef- 
figie, iptfoftcurrucd. Brest-apffles,or rape- 
apples, 90 called of their likenes. 

Nomenelator, 1586. 

Brbstb, (1) V. (A.^S.) To burst. 
(2) 9. A bursty espedaliy of sor- 

BrbsurBi f. (A.'N.) A bruise or 




Brbt, 9, To fade away $ to change* 

Brbtaob, ] ». (A,'N.) A para- 
BRETsscHBi pct, OF, more pro- 
BRBTBXB, I periy speaking, the 
BBBTI8B, J temporary wood- 
works raised on the hattlements 
in a siege. Bretaged or ^re- 
iex^ij furnished with bretages. 
Brbtfuli*, ad^, BrimfuL 
Bkbth, 9, Rage ; anger. 

Bbethbl, If. A worthless 
bbbthelino, V person; a mise- 
bbothbl, J rable wretch. 

Bret-out, v. Com being very dry 
in harvest time, and falling from 
the husks, is said to bret-oui* 

Brbttbnb, V, (A.'S.) To canre ; to 
cut up. 

Breve, (1) v. To speak; to in- 
form ; to account. 

(2) 9. To mark ; to write. 

(3) a4f. (A.'N,) Brief; short. 

Brevbment, s. An account. 
Brbvbt, (1) «. {J,'N,) A snoaU 


(2) To move about inquisitively ; 

to search diligently. West, 

Brevetour, 8, A porter, or car- 
rier of letters. 

Brevial, 8, A breviary. 

Brbviatb, (1) V. (Lat.) To 
(2) 8. A compendium. 

Breviaturb, <• A note of abbre- 

Brevit, (1) v. To rummage for 
anything. Northampt, 
(2) A person who oes hunting 
and fidgeting about. North- 

Brew, (1) «. A kind of bird. 
^2) «. Broth. Cormo, 

Breward, «. A blade of com. 

Brewer's-horsb, 9, A drunkard 
was said to be one whom the 
ir«wer^* horse had bit. 



i, {A.'S. briwas^ 
sops.) Pottage; 
broth. In the North 
they have still a 
^ hr^ffia, made of 
slices of Vread,with 
fat broth poured 
over them. 

Ym to inak» lm§t cf Almuiftu. Tak 
partrichys rostyd, and checonys, and 
Qualys roatyd, and larkys ywol, and 
demembre Ihe other; and mak a god 
cawdel, and dreiae tJie fieach in a dy sch, 
and itrawe powder of galent-yn ther- 
npon ; ityk upon clowya of gefofre, aoA 
serve ytfortbe. IFiinier,.<ffi/.CHJ.,p.4L 

Brevet <f AlmtniM. Take oonynget or 
kiddea, and hewe nem small on moscels^ 
other on pecyi. Parboile hem with th« 
aame broth. Drawe an almaunde mylki^ 
and do the fleisah therewith. Cast therets 

Sowdor galyngale and of ^nger, with 
.oer of rys ; and color it with alkenet. 
Boiie it, and mesae it forth with sncar 
and powdor-dooce. Forme qfCuryt p. 11. 

For to make hruet cf Lomhardye. Tak 
chekenvs, or hennya^or othere fieach, 
and mak the colowre ais red as any blod ; 
and tak neper, and kanel, and g^ngyver 
bred, ana grynd hem in amorter, and a 
porcon of bred, and mak that bruer 
thenne; and do that fieach in that 
broth, and mak hem boyle togedere, 
and stury it wel. And tak egfrys, and 
temper hem wyth jus of parcyie; and 
wryng l^em thorwe a cloth ; and wan 
that brnet is boylvd, do that thereto, 
and meng tham togedere wyth feyr 
greea, so ttiat yt be fot ynow ; aod serve 
yt forthe. Warner^ Antiq. CuUn., p 41. 

Brevit-ledb, 9, The leaden cooling 

Tcssel used by brewers. 
Brewster, f. A brewer. North. 
Bretdb, (1) 9, Force; violence. 

(2) V, To startle ; to frighten. 
Brb5b, 9, (A.'S,) To frighten. 
Brian, v. To keep fire at the 

mouth of an oven. North. 
Briar-ball, 9, An excrescence on 

the briar. In Northamptonshire 

boys pot it in their coat-cuffs as a 

charm f^ainst flogging. 
Briars. Brought in the briars, 

t. tf., deserted ; brought in the 

lurch; impeded. To help one 




out of the brim, i. e., oat of any 

Briakt, «. A place where brian 

Bribagb, ». (^.-Al) Bribery. 
Bribb, v. {J»'N.) To rob; to 

Bbibb-pib, 9. 

Sat with him 1 danmhiml to hear him 
emploj hit barbuoos eloqaoice in a 
reaaing luxm the two ana thirty good 
bits in a shoulder of yeal ; and be fore'd 
yoorselt topraise the cold ir^e-pye that 
■tinkt. Wyekerleg, PUun-dtaler, 1677. 

6bibour, «. {J,'N,) (1) A robber. 

(2) A beggar. 
Bbibbb, 9, Robbery. 
Bricco, adj. Brittle. Che9k. 
BRiCBi, adj, Happy. 
Brick, (1) v. To break by pulling 


(2) 9. A loaf of bread baked in a 
narrow oblong form, somewhat 
resembling the proportions of a 
brick. Warw. 

(3) 9. A rent or fiaw. Devon, 
Brickbn» (1) adj. Made of brick. 


(2) V. To draw the chin to the 


Brickbttbs, 9, The pieces of ar- 
mour which covered the loins, 
and joined the tassets. 

BRiCK.KEBL.f. A brick-kiln. South. 

Bricklb, o^f. Brittle. Still used 
in the North. 

See those orbs, and how fhey passe; 
All's a tender briekle glasse. 

TixaU Foetry, p. 59. 

Bricknoooin, 9. An old mode of 
building with frequent wooden 
right-ups, filled in with bricks. 
Half-timbered houses are termed 
brick-pane buildings. 

Bricrstonb, 1 Abrick.iVbrM. 


Brick-walls. Making brick-walls 
is a term sometimes applied to 
swallowing one's meat without 

Bricolb, 1 (/v.) The rebound 
BRiCKoix, Vof a ball after a 
BRICK- WALL, J sldc stroko al 

Bricolb, a. {A.»N.) A military en- 
gine for battering walls. 

Brid, 9. {J.'S,) A bird. 

Bridalb. See Bredale. 

Bru>alteb, 9. A nuptial festival. 

Briddis, 9. (J.'S,) Brood ; fiamily. 

Anoone he ordeynide a vessel afore hir 
hole, ande put therin even daye milke^ 
that the serpent withe his bridais mygbt 
hckehitoute. (?«9toJ20MmorMm,p.l96. 

Bride, (1) 9. (A.'N.) A bridle. 
(2)9. *' Cincischi&re, to mince 
or bride it at the table or in 
speech as some affected women 
use." Florio. 

Bridb-lacbs, a. (1) A kind of 
broad riband or small streamer, 
often worn at weddings. 
(2) The ribbon grass {ealama'' 
gr09ti9 tariegata). Northampt. 

Bride-wain, 9. A marriage custom 
in Cumberland. 

Bridewell. A well-known prison, 
and often used for a prison or 
house of correction in general. 
A bridewell-dirdt a rogue. 

Ergastalns. Serms ergastulo incinsns, 

5ai e vinculis opus facii. Serf ensen-6. 
Lroge kept in prison and forced to 
worke: % (rideweU bird. Nommelaior. 

Bridob-pin, 9. Part of a match* 

lock gun. 
BRIDGB8. (1) Bruges. 

(2) 9. A kind of thread, madu 

probably at Bruges. 
Bridlb, 9. An ancient instrument 

for punishing a scold. 
Bridleooed, adf. Weak in the 

legs. Cheeh., 
Bridle-road, 1^ A road for a 
bridlb-stt, korseonly. 
bridlb-wat, J ' 

Bridling, 9. A bitch maris appe« 

Bridlino-cast, 9. A parting tunu 
BaiDRiSf.a. Breedera. 




Bridwort, <• Meadow-sweet. 
Brisp, (1) f. (ji-N.) A petition ; 

any short paper; a letter; an 

abstract; an account. 

(2^ a^. Common ; prevalent. 

(3) 9, A horse-fly, or gad-fly. 

(4) 8, A breve in music. 
Brio, «. A utensiJ used in brew- 
ing and in dairies to set the 
strainer upon; a sort of iron, 
set over a fire. 

Brioant, 8, {J,-N.) A robber or 
plunderer. Originally, a soldier 
who wore a brigandine, which 
being light armour, these soldiers 
were the most active plunderers. 

BRiGANTAiLB,«.(i^.-jV.) A brigan- 
dine, a sort of armour composed 
of small plates of iron sewn upon 
quilted linen or leather. 

Briob, 8. (J,-N,) Contention. 

Brioob, 8, A bridge. North. 

Brigobn, 9. To abridge. 

Bright, «. Celandine. 

Briohtsomb, adj. Bright. 

Brioosb, €uiJ.(J.-N,) Quarrelsome. 

Brik, tu^. Narrow ; straight. 

Brikb, 8, (J,-S.) Breach ; ruin. 

Brim, (1) «. The sea; flood; a 

^2) a^. The same as breme, 
(ZS 8, The forehead. North. 
(4) High, in respect of locality. 

BRiMBLB8,f. Brambles. Devon. 

Brimmb, f . Public ; known; 

~-Teat that thoa doett holde me in 
Is brimme abnmd, and many a gybe to all 
that keepe this plaine. 

Wame/s JlbUnu OtgUmd, 1593. 

Brimmbr, «. A hat. North. 

1 cannot for^ (before sashei and broad 
hats came into fashion) how much I 
have seen a small puny wit delight in 
bimseli, and how horribly he has thought 
to have abased a divine, only in twist- 
ing the ends of his girdle, and askine 
him the price of his brimmers but that 
phansie is not altogether so considerable 
BOWj as it has been in former ages. 

JEseA«nf« Ob$enatiaiu, 1071. 

Brimmle, 8, A bramble. West. 

^RIMMT.}*- -^gadfly- ^^' 

Oestmm, Virg. asilus, Eid. tabanut, 
Pliu. Yesparum genus armentis inlos- 
turn, fivo)^, otarpoq, Aristot. Taliun. 
A gadbee; a breese; a dunAee; a 
brimsM. Nomenclator, 1585. 

Brimstone, adj. Rampant. South. 

BrINCB, 1 m J • 1 • 

BMNCH, l"- To drmk in an- 
BRiNDic., J ""' '» " P'*^8«- 

Luther first brincid to Germany the 
poisoned cup of liis heresies. 

Harding, in Bishop JewePs Works. 

Let us consult at the taverne, where 
after to the health of Memnhio, drinke 
we to the life of Stellio, 1 carouse to 
PrisiuSf and brinek you mas Sperintus. 
Xy{y, M. Bomhie, ii, 1. 

Bbindbd, adj. Fierce. Devon. 
Brindle, 8. The state or condition 

of being brindled. 
Brindled, a^. Streaked; varie- 

Brinoen, v. {A.'S,) To bring. To 

bring one going, or to bring one 

on his way, or to bring onward ; 

to accompany a person part of a 


And she went very lovingly to brimf him on 
Hi troy to horse. 

Woman HUed w. k.» 0. PL, vii, 282. 

Come, mother, sister : you'll bring me on- 
wurdf brother. 

Beoengw't Tr., 0. PL, iv, 312. 


The knyghtis redy on justers, 
AUe y-armed swithe wel, 
Bruny, and launce, and sweord of steL 
K. Atisaunder, 1. 1807. 

Brink-ware, 8. Small faggots to 

repair the banks of rivers. East. 
Bribe, (1) v. To bruise, or break. 

{2)8. A. bristle. North. 

(3) 8. Fallow ground. East. 
Brisk, t. To enliven one's spirits. 
Brisk-alb, f. Ale of a superior 

quality, West. 





Bbisksn, V, To be li?ely. 

Brisle-dicb, t, A tort of false 

Briss,9. Dust ; rubbish. Devon. 

Brisslb, v. To scorch; to dry. 

Brissoub, 8. A sore place ; a chap. 

Brist-high, adj. Violent. Yorkth, 

Bbistlb-tail, «. A gadfly. North, 

Bristow, Bristol. Bristol milk 
was an old name for sherry. A 
false diamond was called a Bristol 
stonst from a kind of soft dia- 
monds which were found in rocks 
near that town. 

Coffee-hoaseB and tSTemi lie round the 
Change, just as at London; and the 
BrisMmilkf which is Spanish sherrv, 
no where so good as here, is plentifully 
drank. Joumeff thnf England^ 1734. 

CHi 1 you that should In ehooaiog of your 

Knowe a true diamond from a BritUm 

$Ume. Wit Be$tot*d, 1668. 

Brit, v. To bruise; to indent. 


(2) s, A kind of fish, Corvw. 
Britain-crown, s. A gold coin, 

worth about five shillings. 
Brite, v. When hops or com are 

over-ripe and shatter, they are 

said to brite. East and South. 
Brith, s. Wrath ; contention. 
Britonnbr, s. a swaggerer. 
Brittbnb, o. {A.'S.) To carre ; io 

break, or divide into fragments. 

Brittling, s. The slow-worm. 

Brizb, 9. A gadfly. 

This Mu has prick'd my patienee. 


I will put the hrU$ in's tail ahall set him 
gadding presently. 

ntt. Coram., 0. PI, vi, 861. 

Bbo, s. a brow ; the brink. 
Bboacb, (1) s, (jFV.) a spit. 

(2) V, To spit or transfix. 

(3) s, A larding-pin. 
(4) «. A spur. 

(5) 9. To spur. 

(6) s. a sharply pointed stick 
to thrust into mows of com. 

(7) V. To deflower. Miepe. 

(8) s. A taper ; a torch. 

(9) 9. A rod of willow or htzlB 
used by thatchers. 

(10) An irregular growing of 
a tooth. Broehityt a croolced- 
ness, especially of ihe teeth. 

(1 1) V. To shape stones roughly. 

( 1 2) «. A fi8hing4iook. Pron^t, P. 
Broad, s, A flooded fen. EaU. 
Broad-arrow, s. An arrow with m 

large head, and f«rked. 
Broad-band, s. Com laid out in 

the sheaf on the band, after 

rain, and spread out to dry. 

Broad-blown, a^, Full-blowa. 
Broad-cast, ad^. Corn sown by 

the hand and not drilled. Souih, 
Broad-hbads, «. • The heads of 

Broad-sbt, adj, Sh€frt Rnd thick. 
Broak, V. To belch. East, 
Broan, Is. Cleft wood for the 
BRAWN,/ fire. Detfon. A faggot. 

Brob, v. To piick with a bodkiA. 

Brobillb, v. To welter. 
Broc, s. {A.S,) a rupture. 
Brocage, s, {ji,-N,) A treaty by 

a broker or agent. 
Brocalb, s. Broken lioiuala. 
Brochb. See Broae/h, 
Brock, (1) s. (^.-& broe.) ▲ 


(2)«. Atttbbage. North. 

(3) s. A piece or fragment. 

(4) s. (J.»S.h*oe») Aninfeiior 
horse. A horseman was called in 
Kent a drochman. The word is 
still used in the North for a Cbw 
or husbandry horse. 

(5) f . The insect which produces 
the froth called cuckoo-spittle. 
(6^ s. A brocket. 

Brocicb, v. To brook ; to eigoy. 




Baockbt, «. {J,'N,) A stag in its 
third year; or, according to some 
authorities, in its second year. 

BviOCKuSf adj. Brittle. North, 

Bbogour, «. {A.-N.) A broker. 

BaoDDLB, V. To make holes. North, 

Brodb, V, To prick. North. 

Brodekins, «. (/v.) Buskins or 
half- boots. 

BaoPEL, f . A brothel. 

Brodkltche, adj. Strong; fu- 

Brodb-nail, «. A sort of nail, 
often mentioned in old building 

Brods, «. MiHiey. Line. 

Brobrh, a^, (^..5.) Tractable. 

Broo, (1) «. A swampy or bushy 
place. North, 
(2W. To crop. Yorkth, 
(3) V. To catch eels with hroffi 
or small sticks. North, 

!4) V. To trouble water. 
5) «. A trick. East. 
BsooaBR, ». A badger who dealt 

in com. 
Brooojlb, ^, To fish for eels in a 

manner called in some parts to 

Brooub, (1) «. A sort of shoe 

'* made of the rough hide of any 

beast, commonly used by the 

wilder Irish." HoUnshed. 

(2) «. Breeches. St^oUt. 
Broisbo, Ajf. {A.'N.) Braided; 

Brokb, (1) V. {A.'S, brucan.) To 

deal, or transact a business, par- 

jticuUurly of an amorous nature; 

to act as a procurer.; to be the 

means of seducing. 
Bat we do want a certain necessary 
Woman, to iroi» between them, Cupid said. 

'TIS as I tell yoo, Golax, she's as coy 
And hafth as shrewd a spitit, as qiddte 

As ever wench I hroVd in all my life. 

Ikmielt Q;u^n't ArcadiOy iu, S, p. 865. 


2j 9, A breach. B^oon* 
3) t. A rapture. Kent^ 

(4) adj. Exhausted; used up. 

(5) «. A misdeed, or crime. 
(6^ «. A brook. 

(7) V. Sheep, when lying under 
a broken bank, are said to broke. 

(8) V. To keep safe. 

Brokblb, a^j. Brittle. 

Of brokeU kende his that he ddthe, 
For hy ne more naut t dory. 

WuUam ae Skoreham. 

Brokblbak, «. The water>dock. 

Brokelbttb, «. A fragment. 

Brokbll, «. Rubbish. '* Gary away 
rubbell or brokeU of olde decayed 
houses. Eru^^o." Huloet. 

Brokbn-bbbr, », Remnants of 

Brokbn-orossb, «. To come home 
by Broken Crosse, t. e., to be 
bankrupt. Howell, 1659. 

Brokbn-orass, «. Grass left and 
mown after a field has beeo 
grazed by cattle. Leie. 

Brokbr, », A pander or go-be- 

Brokbt, «. (1) A lark. Northumb. 
'2) A Uttle brook. 
^3) A torch or taper. 

Brokkino, «• Throbbing; qui- 

Broxlbmbb, 1 
BRAKJ.EMPB, > 9. The herb orpin. 


Brol, 9. (1) (^.-5.) A brat or 
(2) Part ; piece. 

Brom, «. The bit of a bridle. North. 

Bromidoham. Birmingham. The 
name was applied to false money, 
of which it was the great manu- 
factory; and to politicians who 
were between Whig and Tory, 
neither one nor the other, a 

Bronchbd, part. p. Pierced. 

Brond, «. (1) {A.-S.) A sword. 
(2) (J.-N.) A torch. 

Brondb, tr. To brand; to bum. 





Brond-iron, f . A sword. Spenser, 

BtLOHGtpart.p. Brought. North. 

Bronstrop, f. A prostitute. 

Broo, f. (1) The top of anything; 
(he brow. 

(2) Brother. North. A broO' 
chip, a person of the same trade, 
or likeness. 

Brood, v. To cherish. 

Broodlb, v. To cu<ldle. North. 

Broody, adj. (1) Sullen; ill-tem- 
pered. Dorset. 

(2) Dark and 'cloudy, spoken of 
tie weather. Northamp. 
( .) Broody hen, a hen which is 
fitting on eggs. 

B.iooK, (I) V. Clouds are said to 
brook up, when they draw to- 
gether, and threaten rain. South. 

(2) 9* A boil or abscess. 

(3) f. To digest. Palsgrave. 
BaooKLiME, «. Water-speedwelL 
Brookmint, f. {A.'S.) Watermint. 
Broom-dasher, t. (i) A dealer 

in faggots, brooms, &c. Kent, 
(2) A maker of brooms. Leie. 

Broom-fibld, «. To sweep broom- 
field, to get possession of the 
whole of anything. East. 

Broomstaff, It. The handle of 
BROOMSTALB, J a broom. 

Brosb, v. To bruise. 

Broselbt, s, A pipe, so called 
from a place in Shropshire where 
pipes were made. 

Brosewort, f. Henbane. Gerard 
gives this name to the eonsoUda 

Brosier, s. a bankrupt. Chesh. 

Brosshino, 9, Gathering sticks or 

comb. North. 

Brotbl, adj. (A.-S.) Brittle ; un- 

Brot-oround, «. Ground newly 
broken up. Westm, 

Broth, s. Pottage. North, 

Broth-bbllt, f . A glutton. iVor/A. 
Brothe, 1 j. w j 

BROTHLY, J © ^ » 

Brotue, adv. Abroad. North. 
Brothel, s (J.-S.) A worthleM 

person ; a harlot. See BretheL 
Brothelry, «. Lasciviousneas ; 

Brotherbd, part. p. Embroi« 

Brotherhbd, «. Brotherly af- 
Brother-in-law, », A half-bro- 
ther. East. 
Brotherwort, «. Pennyroyal. 
Brothy, adj. (^.-<S.) Hard ; stiff. 
Brotts, s. Fragments ; droppingt. 

Broud, s. a forehead. West. 
Brouou, s. a kind of halow 

Brouoh-wham, 1 s. Adishmade ol 
brouohton, j cheese, CSS>« 

clap-bread, and butter, boUed 

together. Lane. 
Brouke, v. (J.'S.) To enjoy ; 

to use ; to possess. 
Brouse,*. Brushwood. West. 
Brout, s. a bruit, or rumour. 
Brow, adj. (1) Pert; saucy. JVbritA. 

(2) Brittle. Wilis. 
Browden, adj. (I) Anxious about. 


(2) Vain ; conceited. North. 
Browdens, a^f. Broad; ex* 

BfcowEN, part. p. Brewed. 
Browes, s. Pottage. See Breweim 

They thank'd him aU with one oonsentk 
But especially maiater Powet, 

Desiring nim to bestow no cost, 
But onely beefe and hrowe$. 

ring's HaJife-Pemigwtrtk <^ WU, mSw 

Browing, s. Soup ; pottage. 
Brown-clook, t. The codtchafer. 

Brown-crops, t. Pulse. Ghue. 
Brown-dat» «• A gloomy day* 





BiioWN-DEBi», ft^'. L68t in ie- 

Section. Kent, 
Brown-oeorob, «. (1) A coane 

sort of bread. 

i2) A large earthen pitcher. 
3) A smdl close wig, with a 
tingle row of curls, said to take 
its name from George 111. 
Brown-lebmers, 1 Ripe brown 

BROWNSHULLERS. J nutS ; figtt- 

ratively applied to generous per- 
sons. North. 
Brown study. A thoughtful ab- 
sence of mind. 

And in the momjngt whm every man 
made hym redy to vydt, and lome were 
on honebacke setting forwarde, John 
Seynoldes fonnde his companion syt- 
tynge in a irotone ttvdu at the inae 
gate. Tales and Qmcke jintwtn. 

Why how now, sister, in a motley muse? 

Vaith, this hrotm ttudy raits not with your 

Tour habit and yonr thoughts are of two 

eolonrt. B. /omjon. Case Jlter'd, It, L 

Browsaob, f. Browsing. 
Browse, f. Dry food for cattle. 

** Browse, or meat for beastes in 

snow tyme. VeseaJ* Huhet. 
Bnow-sauARE, #. A triangular 

piece of Unen, to bind the head 

of an infant just bom. TFeii. 
Browtht, ad;. Light and spongy, 

spoken of bread ; the opposite of 

clusty, or clayey. Comw. 
Brotlert, a. (Fir.) A tumult. 
Broylly, adj, (Fr,) Broiled. 
Brosibr. **Brozier my dame," 

i. e., ** eat her out of house and 

Bruce, #. Pottage. See Brewet, 
Bruck, a. A field-cricket. North. 
Bbuckeled, adj. Wet and dirty; 

t>egrimed. East. 
Brui>lb, «. To let a child lie till 

he is quite awake. Devon. 
Bhub, v. To embrue. 
Brubt, 9. Pottage. See Brewet. 
Bruff, adj. (1) Hearty; jolly; 

rough in manners. 

(2) Brittle Donet. 

Brugoe, f . (A.-S.) A bridge. 

Bruilb, V. A sea term. 

Our master Richard Swanle:^, seeing 
their advantage, caused to bruUemtdne' 
saile, and edge within musket- shot of 
them both, and there maintained fight 
with them till sunne-set, and received 
no hurt at all Tt^hr't Worku, 1680. 

Bruit, (1) a. (J.'N.) A rumour or 

(2) V. To report. 

A thousand things besides she inUs and 
tells. Mirr.forMag,,^ 17. 

Bruitist, a. A brute. 

Bruklemfb, a. The herb orpin. 

See Broklembe. 

Item. Also take heyhove, walworte, 
white nulowes, and krukUm^y and bnyle 
hem in wat«re and wassh the soore tlier- 
in. MS. \44h cent. 

Brullimbnt, a. {Fr. brouillement.) 

A broil. North. 
BRUMBLB-GBLDRRf t. A farmer. 

Brummbll, a. A bramble. Hetnii. 
Brummock, f. A sort of knife. 

Brump, v. To lop trees in the 

night. BoMt. 
Brun, v. To bum. North. 
Brune, a. {A.'N.) Brown. 
Brunobon, a. A brat; a child. 

Kent, It meant properly a 

Brunnbo, adj. Shrank. Dortet, 
Brunswick, a. A sort of dance. 
Brunswynb, a. The seaL Pr, 

Brunt, adj. Sharp to the taste. 

Brunte, ff. To leap. 
Brure, a. Brushwood. Weet. 
Brus, a. Broth. See Brewet. 
Brusell, V, To braise, or break. 
Brush, (1) v. To jump quickly. 

(2)9. To splash hedges. York$h, 

(3) f . A nosegay. Devon. 

(4) f. Stubble. Staff. 
Brushaly, a. The b^plyr branch 

of a tree. 

. « • - • 

• • 





Brusk, adj, {Ft, bmique.) Rude. 
BruSlbrt, f. {J,'N.) A tumult. 
Bruss, (1) a^. Proud; upstart. 

(2) «. The dry spine of furze. 
Brust, (1) 9, A bristle. 

(2) adj. Rough, or cotered with 

(3) «. To burst. North. 
Brustino-saturdat, f. The Sa- 
turday before Shrove-Tuesday. 

Brustlb, V, (I) To rise up against 
one fiercely. 

'Sbnd ril hntstle op to him I 

Otway, Tke Atheiti, 1684. 

[2) To crackle; to rustle. 

[3) To parch. 
Brvst. Be gone ! Bedt. 
Brutb, «. (Fr.) Rough. 
Brittbl, adj. Brittle. 
BrutSi «• Old clothes. North. 
Bruttb, V, To browse. South. 
Bruttlk, adj. "WM ; furious. 
Bruzz, 9. To blunt. Yorksh, 
Bruzzlbd, aeff, (1) Over-roasted. 

(2) Bruised. 

Brt, «. A kind of tart. "Tartede 
bry." Warner. 

Brtchb, adj. Low. 

Brtdb, adj. Bowed; broke. 

Brtoauntbs, f. Robbers. See 

Brtob, «. {J.-S.) Strife ; conten- 

Amongst other, he luspeetith oon to be 
his accusar callyd Charapneys, whiche 
it as fond a felowe, as raaliciouse, and 
as sedieiouse a person, as any in this 
shire ; he is a tenant of myn, and was of 
laate my servant, and for setiiciou and 
kryget thai he bad with syr John 
Saynrtlo, and other jentyllmen here in 
the conntre, LetUr, 1636. 

Brtoous, 04/. Quarrelsome ; con- 

Brtkrnobi^, f. A brigandine, or 
o(M%^ of light nuul. 




An ancient dish. 

for to make hrynteua. Nym the tharu^ 
of a pjfgee, and wasch hem dene in 
water and saH, and seth hem wel^ and 
than hak hem smale; and grynd pcpyr 
and safron, bred and ale, and Doyle 
togedere. Nym wytys of eyren, and 
knede it wyth flour, and make smal 
pelotvs, and frye hem with wyte grees, 
and do hem indisches aboTe that othere 
mete^ and serve it forthe. 

Wmmer, Antiq. (hOm., p. S9. 

Brtmlbnt, «. A sort of tart. 
Bryn, •. A way or path ; a joamey. 
Bryne, «. Brows or bristles. 
Brtmnts, 9. Bourns ; streams. 
Brton, 9. Wild nepte. 
Brystb, 9. Want; need. 
Brtswort, 9. The less daisy. 
Brtttlb, v. To cut up Yenison. 
Brtyb, adv. Briefs 
Bu, (1)9.(^.-5.) To bend. North. 

(2) *. {A.'N,) An ox. 
Bub, (1) 9. Liquor. 

(2) V, To throw out in bobbles. 
Buballb, «. {Lat, htbabtM.) An 

Rubber, f. A great drinker. 
Bubble, (1) «. A simple fellow; 

a man easily cheated. 

Are any of these gentlemen good hMU$. 
SeOey, Ths MuHerry Qardm, 1668. 

(2) V. To cheat. 

He's a Backinghftushire grasier, very 
ridi; he has the fat oxen, and fat acres 
in the vale : I met Mm here by chanee, 
and oonld not avoid drinkine a glass 
o' wine with him. I believe he's gone 
down to receive money ; t'were an excel- 
lent design to bubhle nam. 

Bthereget Comical JSnuM^tf, 1669. 

This is nnlookt for fortune — but 'tis such 
a good natur'd old fool, that methinks 
tis pity to bubUe him. 

Dmfgy, Fool twrn*d CriHek. 

(3) V. To dabble in the water. 
" Bubblyng,ot bybblyng in water, 
asduckesdo. Amphi6olu9.** Hu* 

BuBBLE-AND-SaUEAK, 9. A disb 

composed of beef and cabbage. 
Bubble-hole, f. A child's game. 




BuBBLB-THS-jusTicB» «. A game, 
said to be the same as nine-holes. 

Bubbly-jock, t. A turkey-cock. 

BuBBY-HUTCH, 9. A sort of truck 
or handbarrow. Leie. 

BuB-oouBLB, 1 9. A sort of stfong 


BuBUKLE, f . {Lat.) A botch or im- 

BucHT, f. A herding place for 

sheep. Northumb. 
Buck, (1) v. To wash. 

(2) 8^ A quantity of linen washed 
at once, a wash of clothel. 

The wicked spirit oonld not endure her, 
because she had washed among her hud 
of cloathes, a cathot1<me priestes shii-t. 
Ded. ofPopUk itnport, 4to. £, i. 

Then shall we not have our houses 
broken up in the tkifht, as one of my 
nyghtbors had, and tm'o great fmekes of 
clothes stolen out, and wMt of the same, 
fyne lynnen. 

Caveat for Com. Cwt.t A, 2, b. 

(3) a. That peculiar infection 
which in summer sometimes gets 
into a dairy, and spoils the cream 
and butter. Comw, To be buckt, 
is, in Devon, to have a rankish 
taste or smell, as we say **the 
beer is bitek*d,** ''the cheese is 
buckt" In the dialect of Exmoor, 
milk is said to be buekvard or 
bucked,yihen it smells of the milk- 
pail or bucket, or turns sour in it. 

(4) To buck corHf to pick out all 
the flour or pith of grain in the 
ground, after it has begun to 
spring, leaving only the husk or 
shell behind, which birds often 
do. Devon, 

(5) f. A gay or fashionable per- 
son ; a word in use as early as 
the 15th cent. 

(6) a. The body of a wagon. 

(7) f. The iron in a wagon to 
which the horses are tied. 

(8) 9. To spring nimblj. Eati. 

(9) f . (J.'S,) The breast, or beUjt 

(10) V. To swell out. Somerset. 

(11) 9. To fill a basket. Kent. 

(12) 9. To beat. Yorksh, 
Buck- basket, a. A clothes-basket. 
Buckbbab, V, To teaze, find tault. 


Buck-buck, a. A child's game, 
more usually called, *' buck, buck, 
how many horns do I hold up ?" 

Bucker, (1) f. A bent piece of 
wood, on which anything is sus- 
pended, as a slaughtered animal. 
(2) s. A broad flat hammer, used 
in mining. 

Buckebbls, a. A sort of play used 
by bovs in London, in the time 
of Henry VIII. 

Bucket, a. A pulley. North. 

Buckets, t . Square pieces of boggy 
earth, below the surface. Yorish. 

Buck-fatt, a. A washing tub. 

BUCKHEAD, V. To lop. 

BucKHORN, a. Dried haddock. 

BucKHo&SE, a. A smart box on 
the ear; a cant term derived 
from the name of a boxer. 

BucKiNO-STooL, #• A wsshing 

BUCK-IN-THE-PABK, f. A child's 

Buckle, v. (1) To bend ; to bow. 

(2) To quan^. Somerset. 

(3) To marry. "Good silly Stellio, 
we must buckle shortly .*' Mother 

(4) To buckle to, to return to any 
work, &c. ; to set to a thing in 

Buckle-horns, a. Short crooked 
horns, turning inward. Yorksh. 

BucKLE-MOUTHED, odj. Haviug 
large straggling teeth. North. 

Buckler, (1) v. To defend. 

(2) s. A great beam. Line. 

(3) To give bucklers, to yield, 
or lay by all thoughts of defence. 
To take up the bi^liiers, to eon* 

tend. : :^/'* 




A mott naniy wit, Ifanmret, tt wiU not 
hurt a woman ; and ao, 1 pray thee, call 
Beatrice : Igite thee the 

Much A.t T, S. 

Charge one of them to Uike mp the bueHert 
Against that hair-monger Horace. 

Decker' i Sattromaelis, 

A^ is nobodie— when youth is in place, 
it gvtei the other the hucklen. 

Old Meg ofHerrf., P. 8. 

Buck-mast, «. The fruit of the 

BucK&Aif-BBARBR, «. A dependant* 

His buckram-bearer, one that knowes his 

Can write with one hand and receire with 


Taylor^i Workes, 1680. 

BucKSHORN, f. A bawd. 

BucKSOMB, adj, (1) Blithe; jolly. 

(2) Lascivioai. The word was 
used in this sense early in the 
last century. 

BucKSTALL, «. (1) A net for taking 

(2) The stout part of a thorn, 
the branches being cut off. Noff, 

BucK-swAHoiNO, 8. A sort of 
punishment, which was adminis- 
tered by two boys taking hold of 
the culprit by the hands and feet, 
and swinging him with a bump 
against a wall. 

BucKSTicK, a. A stick used in the 
game called Spell and Ore. 

BucKWASHBR, f. A laundrcss. 

BucK-WBBL,f. A bow-net for fish. 

Bud, (1) v. To make, or compeL 

(2) f . A calf of the first year. 
(Z)pret, t, BehoTcd. 
(4) a. A terra of endearment, 
generally between man and wife. 

Mrs. Pm. Lord, hudd, why dVe fright 
me 80 ? Wycherley, Country Wife, 16b8. 

Bud-bird, a. The bullfinch. Wett, 

^b'ud.l''}'- Thecon.n.«ygoW. 
BuoDLB,r.(l).To suffocate. Somer- 

(2) To cleanse ore. North, 

(3) a. The vessel for this puipos<^ 
formed like a shallow tumbrel. 

BuDDLBD, 04^*. Tipsy. Devon. 
Buddy, adf. Fat ; corpulent. Line, 
Buddy-bud, a. The flower of the 

burdock. North. 
BuDB, pret. t. Bode; endured. 

BuDGB, (l)a. (Fr,) Lambskin with 

the wool dressed outwards. 

(2) adj. Brisk; jocund. South. 

(3) 04;. Proud. 

(4) adJ, Stiff; dull. Suuex, 

(5) a. A bag or sack. Ketmett. 

(6) f . A kind of water-cask, oa 
wheels. South. 

(7) V. To abridge, or lessen. 

(8) a. A thief. 

(9) V. To stir ; to move off. 

The sounding well they like, so in they 

And Jmdge not till the tyler^ pots were 


Rowlands, Knavee of Spades, 161S. 

And when wee struck downe one, the 
residue budgd not one jot till all were 
vanquished. EerberCs Travds, 1638. 

BuDOBT, 1 a. (Fr.) A wallet; a 

BouoET, V> leather case for carry- 

BooMT, J ing things behind a man 

on horseback. 

I am a Welshman, and do dwel in Wales, 
I have loved to serche budf/ets and look in 
males. Andrew Borde, B. ofKnowl. 

BuDPiCKBR, a. The bullfinch. 

BuDRAif, a. Oatmeal gruel. Norf, 

B\j%t odj.{A.'N.) Fair. 

BuBiNOS, f. Joints. Devon, 

BuBN, v. To be. 

BuBR, f. A gnat. North, 

B UESs, 8. A stall, or station. North, 

BuF, f. {A.-N.) Beef. 

BuFARious, adj. Mendacious. 

Buff, (1) v. To rebound. A wood<v 
man will say his axe buffe when 
it strikes on a tough piece of 
wood and rebounds without cut* 
ting. Wmy§. 




(2) V. To emit a dull sound, as a 
bladder filled with wind. Buffed' 
heUt are tolled or rang with a 
covering. Warw, 

(3) f . leather made of a buffalo's 

(4) 8. The bare skin. To be in 
biiffy is equivalent to being naked. 

(5) «. To beat or strike. Spenser 
uses it for hvffeU 

(6) «. To boast. 

(7) a. A tuft or hassock. Kent. 

(8) f. The bough of a tree. North. 

(9) a. A buffalo. 

(10) Buff ne baff, neither one 
thing nor another. In North- 
amptonshire they still say btiff 
nor burnt in the same meaning. 

A oertaine persone being of hym [So- 
crates] bidden eood speede, saied to nym 
a^ne neither Suffk m be^, [that is, made 
him no kind ofanswefj. Neither was 
Socrates therewith any thing discon- 
tented. UdaU, Apopkth., fol. 9. 

BuFFARD,1«. {A.'N,) A foolish 

BUFFBRy J fellow. 

BuFFE, .1 «. To stutter, or stam- 
BUFFLB, j mer. 
BuFFBT, ». (1) A cushion for the 

feet ; a small ottoman ; sometimes 

called a buffet-ttooL 

(2) (/v.) A kind of cupboard. 

(3) A blow. 

BuFFiB, a. A vent-hole in a cask. 
BuFFiN, a. A sort of coarse cloth. 
BuFFiNG-KNiFB, f. A knife for 

scraping leather. 
BuFF-jBRKiN, a. A leathern jacket, 

worn usually by Serjeants and 

BuFFLB, (1) f. A buffalo. 

(2) V, To handle clumsily. Etut. 

(3) V, To speak thick and inar- 

(4) «. To puzzle. 
BuFFLB-oRBENs, a. The Bmssels 
sprouts. Northamp, 

BUFFLB-HBADED, il^f- StUpid. 

You know nothing, you h0le-headed, 
stupid creature you. 

WpcktrUjf, FUm-ieaUr, 1677* 

BuFT, a. The joint of the knea^ 


BxjQt U) '• ^ goblin ; a bugbear. 

Tush, tnshl fear boys vitli bua$. 

Shakesp^ Tam. SAr^ i, S. 

Afterwardi they tell them, that those 
which they saw, were bugs, witches, and 
hags. Laoater. de Speetris, tr. 1573. 

Hobgoblins, or night-walking spirits, 
^•et hug$» Nomenelator. 

Which be the very hugget that the 
Psalme meaneth on, walking in the 
night and in comers. Asek. Tuxoph. 

(2) adj. Proud ; conceited ; me- 
nacing, when applied to words, 
seems to be the meaning in 
Skinner. <*To take bug," to 
take fright or offence. 

These are hugg^wordt that aw'd the wo- 
men in former ages, and still fool a great 
many in this. 

Bateiucroft, Carelat Loven, 1673. 

Bra. A very great comfort — a whore is 
a very great comfort to her husband, 
without doubt. 

Beauf. Sirrah, no hug loord*, there was 
no whoredom in the case. 

Durfeg, A VirUunu Wife, 1680. 

(3) V. To take offence. Norths 

BuoABOo, a. A bugbear ; a ghost. 

BuoAN, a. The devil. Weat. 

BuoASiN, a. Calico buckram. 

fiuoE, V. {A.'S,) To bend. 

BuooEN, V. (A.'S.) To buy. 

BuooBB, (1) V. To cheat at play. 
(2) a. A hobgoblin. Gtoue. 

Bu GOT BANE, la. An old game 

BUCKBE BENE, j in Devonshire 

played by children in the dark, 

in which the following rhymes 

were repeated by one of the 


Buggy, buggy, bidde bene. 
Is the way now fair and clean F 
Is the goose y-gone to nest, 
And the fox y-com to rest ? 

Shall 1 come awi^f 

BuoLE, a. A buffalo. 

Bugle-rod, a. The crosier of t 

Bugs-words. Fierce, high-snnnd. 

ing words. See Bug. '* Chttat tk 




trompettet one thats not afraid 
of shadowes, one wbom no big 
nor hugs words can terrifie/' 

BuoT, ad}. Rough. 

BuiLLEN, 9. (^.-iV.) To boil. 

BuiST, 9. To mark sheep. North, 

BuKE, 8, A book. 

BuKENADE, 8, A dish in cookery. 

Bukkenade. Take hennei, other oonyn- 

{l^es, other veel, other other flessh, and 
lewe hem to gobetts ; waische it, and 
hit well. Grvnde almandes unblanched, 
and drawe nem up with the broth. 
Caste thereinne raysons of corance, 
sugar, powdor gynger, erbes y-stewed 
in grees, oynouns. and salt. If it is to 
thrnne, alye it up with floer of ryse, 
other with other thyng, and color it with 
safroun. Pbrme of Cutyt p. d. 

Bulbs, «. The tonsils of the throat. 
BuLCH, «. To bilge a ship. 
BuLCHiN, 8. A bull-calf. 
Bulderino, eidj. Hot and sultey, 
applied to weather. Devon. 

BULDER-STONK, «. A bouldCT. 

Bulb, t. (1) A boil or swelling. 
(2) The semicircular handle of 
any article like a bucket. 

BuLOooD, 8, Yeast. East. 

Bulk, (1)«. The body, from the 
neck to the hips. 

And strike thee dead, and tramplinflr on 

thy bulk. 
By stamping with my foot crash out thy 

soul. Four Prentices, O. Fl., vi, 478. 

Beating her bulk, that his Iiand shakes 
withaL SAake»p., Rape qf Lucr. 

(2) «. The bottom part of a ship. 
(3)f. The staU of a shop. The 
front of a butcher's shop is still 
called a bulkar in Lincolnshire. 

(4) V. To strike ; to beat. 

(5) «. To throb. 

(6) 8. A beam. 

Bulks, (1) v, {J,.S.) To belch. 

(2) To bow, to bend. Prompt, 

BuLKER, f. A night-walker; a 


That is their last refuge in point of 
doaths; and when that's worn out, she 

must on with the strip'd semar, and 
t3Bam.'bulker ; at which trade I hope to 
see you suddenly. 

Bavetuerop, Carelees Lotertt 107S. 

Bulk-ridden, adj. Ridden with 
one's body. 

Whence d'ye come? 
From what bulk-ridden strumpet reeking 
home? Oldham** Poemi, 

Bull, (1) adj. Strong. 

(2) V, Cattle are said in York- 
shire to bull up hedges. 

(3) 8, An instrument used for 
beating clay. 

(4) 8, A sandstone for scythes. 

Bullace, t. A wild plum, larger 

than the sloe. See Bullipru, 
Bullakin, 8. Low Yulgar abuse. 

Bullate, v. (Lat.) To bubble or 

Bullbbar, f. A bugbear. 
Bull-beooar, 8. A hobgoblin; 

any object of terror. 

A searebuK: a buJhegger: a sight that 
frayeth and frighteth. Nomendator, 

And they have so fraid iu with hiU» 
beggers, spirits, witches, urchens, elves, 
&c., and such other bugs, that we are 
afraid of our own shadowes. 

Sco^e Disc. ofWiteker., 1580. 

And beine an ill-look'd fellow, he has a 
pension from the churchwardens for 
beine buUbeggar to all the froward 
children in the parish. 

Mountforl, Greenvnek Perk, 1691 

Bull-calf, 8. A stupid fellow. 
Bulled, (1) adj. Swollen. 

(2) Said oi z, co^ maris appetens. 
BuLLEN, «. (1) The stalks of hemp 

after they are piled. 

(2) Boulogne. 
BuLLER, (1) V. To roar. North. 

(2) *. {A.'N.) A deceiver. 
BuLii-FACES, 1 «. Tufts of coarse 

BULL-FRONTS, J grass. North, 
BuLL-FEiST, 8, A piiff-ball. East. 
Bullfinch, (1)«. A stupid fellow. 


(2; 8, A hedge which is allowed 




to grow high without laying. 

BuLLFiNCHBRS, ». A CHiit term 

applied to double rows of posts, 

with a quickset in the middle. 
Bullhead, f. (1) A tadpole. 


(2) A small fish, caUed also a 

Bullheads, «. Curled tufts of 

hair on a woman's forehead. 
Bullies, s. Round pebbles. South, 
BuLLiMONG, «. A mixture of oats, 

peas, and vetches. TViMer, and 

still in use in Essex. 

Bulling, gnirt. a. Boiling. 

BuUyng, bollyng^, or bubbljrng of water 
^ out of a spryiige. XbuUitio. Hvloet. 

Bullion, «. {Fr. bilion,) Base coin. 

And those, which eld'i strict doom did 

And daam for buUton, go for current now. 
Syh.t Du BarUu, week S, day 3. 

Bullions,! Wild plums ; krgc 

BULLACE, f J F»«tuo , «u 5c 

BULLIES, J * ^®** 

Bullions, «. (I) Hooks used for 
fastening the dress; buttons; 
embossed omaments. 
(2) A pair of hose or doublets 
ornamented with bullions. 

BuLL-jUB, If. The fish called 
BurL-KNOB, J a miller*8 thumb. 

BuLL-JUMPiNos, 9. A kind of por- 
ridge. North. 

Bullock, v. To bully. North. 

BuLLOT-STONBs, «. Balls of stone. 

The arrowes flewe firom side to side, 
The bullot'Stones did waUce. 

TurberriUe'$ Tragical Tales, 1687. 

Bull-pated, adj. A heavy crop of 
grass driven by wind or rain into 
an eddy, is said to be duU-pated. 

Bulls, #. (1) The stems of hedge- 

(2) Transverse bars of wood into 
which the heads of harrows 
•re set. 

Bulls-and-gows, «. The flower 
of the arum maeulatum. 

BuLL-SEO, «. A gelded bull. North, 

BuLLs-ETES, 9. A sort of coarso 

Bull's-feather. To stick a buirs« 
feather in the cap, to make one 
a cuckold. 

Bull's-forehbad, 9. The turfy 
air-grass. North. 

Bull's-neck, 9. To bear one a 
bull's neck, i. e., to bear a grudge 
against, or to be provoked at the 
sight of a person. Devon. 

Bull's-noon, 9. Midnight. Ea9t. 

Bull'8-pink,«. a chaffinch. iVbrf a. 

Bull-stag, a. A bull gelt after he 
is full g^wn. Gloue. 

BuLL-STANO, f. (1) A dragon-fly. 
(2) An upright stake in a hedge. 

BuLL-sTONE, f. A kind of sand- 
stone. York9h, 

Bull-trout, a. A large species of 
trout, found in Northumberland. 

Bull-ward, ^ adj. A cow mad 
^for the bull. A sow 
is said to be boar- 
wood, and a mare 
horsewood, under similar circum- 
stances. The word is sometimes 
applied opprobriously to a woman. 

BuLL-WBEK, 9. A nauic given to 
the week before Christmas at 
Bull-works, 9. Boisterous be- 
haviour. We9t. 

Bully, (I) a. A familiar term for 
a companion. 

(2) 9. A parlour, or small room. 

(3) V. (J..N.) To boiU 
(4)f;. To frighten. 

(5) 9. A riot. " To make a bully," 
to kick up a riot. 

BuLLT-BEooAB, 9. A scare-crow. 

Bullyrag, v. To rail or use op- 
probrious language. Leie. 

Bully-rock, a. An impudent 
swaggerer. The word was much 






used in the latter half of the 17th 

If they spy ft gentle equier makine 
faces, he poor soul must be hector'd tifi 
he likes 'em, while the more stubborn 
htUjf-rock damm's and is safe. 

ShadweU, SuUm Lovers, 1670, Pref. 
Oh ! dear huUy-roek, that wheadle wont 
pass. SAadwell, SuUm Lovers, 1670. 

Upon honour, in a short time not a Mfy' 
rock of 'em all can come near thee for 
gallantry. Dutfey, Madame Iickle,l6Si. 

BuLSB, f. A bunch. North, 

BuLT, (1) f . A sifting cloth. 

(2) V. To sift. **Bult, raunge, 

or syeve meale. Suceemo.'* 

BuLTEH, «. A bag for fine meaL 

" Bultre, or bultyng poke for fyne 

meale. Cribra," Huloet, 
BuLTiNOARKB, f. A tub or chest 

for sifting. 
BuLTLE, «. Bran. North. 
Bolter, v. To increase in bulk. 


BULVERHEAD, 9. A Stupld fcUoW. 

. East. 

BvhVBB.ivQ,part.a. A tree or bush 
whose branches extend over the 
road, is said to hang buhering 
over. Any part of dress, as of a 
gown or coat made large and full, 
so as to stick out, is said to be 

Bulwark, s. A rampart. 

BuLwoRKS, *. Part of the armour, 
used to prevent the thighs of the 
wearer from being chafed by 
the pieces that terminated just 
above the knee. 

Bum, (1) V. To strike; to beat. 

(2) V. To spin atop. North. 

(3) «. To rush with a humming 

(4) V. To dun. 

(5) p. To drink ; to taste, 

(6) «. A bum-bailiff. 

Bum, I «. The posteriors. This 
BUMMB, V word was in common 
BOMMsJ use with the£li«ahethan 

writers, and with those of the 

century following. It appears to 

have been originally synonymous 

with buttock. Florio has, ^N&m 

tiehCf the buttocks or bummes." 

Fhnrne is light, and yet the hath iw9 

Like a fulpayre (at least) of mountanetts. 
Havies, Seourffs ofVoUy, 1611. 

But when the priest had done his part, and 
that they homeward come. 

The bride, for Battus, might salute the 
pavement with her homme. 

Warner's Jlbions England, 1693. 
The female sex each new moone defying 
pale fac'd Cjrnthia by turning up tlieir 
oummes, imagining her the cause of their 
distemper. Herberts Travels, 1638. 

Round all the roome were placed tacite 
Mirzaes, Chawns, Sultans, and Begler- 
begs, above threescore; who like so 
manv inanimate statues sat crosse. 
legged: and joyned their iumms to the 
ground, their backs to the wall, their 
eyes to a constant object; not daring to 
speak one to another. Ji, 

Bums, #. The game of bandy. 

Bombard, v. Futuere. North, 

BuMBARREL, s. Thc loug-tailcd tit 

BuMBASTB, V. To beat, or flog. 

BuMBE, V. To hum. Prompt. P, 

Bumble, (1) v. (A.-S.) To make 

a humming noise. 

(2) V. To muffle a bell. Easi, 

'3) V. To start off quickly. East. 

4) «. A confused heap. North, 

b) s. A small round stone. West, 

BuMBLE-BEB, «. The humble bee. 

Bumble-broth, f. Suds ? 

The odde woman to her pavne 
In such a bumble-brotk had layne. 
l%e UnlucHeFirmenHe, EngL Dr., iii, 139. 

For laundresses are testy and fUll of 

When they are lathering in their bumble- 
brotk. Taylor's Workes, 168a 

BuMBLE-FooT, «. A thick heavy 

foot. East. 
BuMBLEKiTES, s, Blackbcrries. 

Bumble-puppy, #. The game of 

BuMBLER, s. (1) A humble bee. 


(2) A bungler. Gbme. 




(3) A.wencher. 
BuMBLBS, «. (1) Rushes. Line, 

(2) A sort of blinkers. North. 
Bumble-staff, «. A stout stick. 

Bum 'BOAT, f . A boat which waits 

upon ships coming into harbour, 

to sell greens, spirits, &c. 
Bumbrusher, 9. A schoolmaster, 

from the punishment he is in the 

habit of inflicting. 
Bumbt. (I) By and bye. Far. dkU. 

(2) «. A place for lumber ; any 

collection of filth. East. 
BuM'Cabd, \8. A card used by 
bun-card, j dishonest gamesters. 

** Rinterzdta edrta, a bun-card.** 


To tfaoee explovti he ever stands prepar*!!; 
A villaine excellent at a hum-card. 

Btuwland^ Humors OrdinarU, 

BuMCLOCK, «. A beetle. North. 

BuMFEo, V. To beat ; to belabour. 

BuMFiDDLE, (1) «. Podex. 

(2) V. To take in ; to cheat. 

Known wenches thus long, all the ways of 

Their snares and subtiliies? have I read 

All their school-learning, div'd into their 

quiddits ? 
Ami am I now Jmn^dled «'ith a bastard. 

VxUiers, The Chances, 1699. 

BuMFiDLER, «. A busy-body; a 
fidgety person. 

Sate still exclaimes acainst mat medlers, 
A bnsie-body hardly siie abides; 
Yet she's well pleas'd with all bumrfidlers. 
And hir owne body stirring still besides. 

l>a»ies. Scourge ofFolIf, 1611. 

BuMKiN, Is. A rude country 
bumpkin, J fellow; a ploughman. 

Of which hoe that hatii not heard some- 
I count him but a coontrey humken. 

Sir Thomas Browns, MS. Sloans, 1900. 

BuMMBLL,r (1) A bramble. Cumb. 

(2) The ball of the foot near the 

toes. Leie. 
Bummbr, «. A rumbling carriage. 


BuMMLB, 9. To blunder. North, 

Bump, (1) v. To beat. 
'2) 9. A blow 
[3^ V. To ride rough. East. 
[4; 9. The noise made by a bit- 
tern with its bilL 

(5) V. To make such a noise. 
Bumping, adj. Large. We9t. 
BuMPST, adj. Tipsy. 
Bumptious, adj. Proud ; arrogant. 
BuMPT, adj. Uneven. 
Bum-rolls, «. Stuffed cushions, 

used by women to make their 
petticoats swell out, instead of 
the more expensive farthingales. 

Nor yon nor your house were so much 
as spoken of, Wore I disbased mvself 
from my hood and my farthingal, to 
these hum-r<mls, and your wliiuebone 
bodice. B. Jon., Poetast., n, 1. 

Those virtues [of a bawd] rais'd her 
from the flat petticoat and kercher, to 
tiie gorget ana bum-roll. 

Farson*s Wedding, Q.Yi.,Ti,A^. 

Bum-ruffian, «. An outrageous 

Grive a drunkard that hath learned tr* 
reele of the tap-spinning Mearmaide. 
and a dioell bomme-ruffian, the wall, in 
any case; for the one needes it, the 
other in right should have wall on all 
sides of him, viz. Newgate. 

Doners Polydoron, 1631. 

Bum-troth. An abbreviation of 
by my troth. Bum ladie, by my 

Bun, (1) t. The tail of a hare. 

(2) 9. A dry stalk, especially the 
stubble of beans. 

(3) f. A familiar name for a 

(4^ 9. A term of endearment. 
(b) part. p. Bound. North, 

(6) 9. rd cddoXov. Devon, 
Bunch, (1) tr. To beat ; to strike ; 

to pash. '* I bounche or pusshe 
one, iepou99e." Paltgrave. 

(2) V. To bend or bow out- 

(3) 9. The act of a calf ^hei 




tucking, io pushing its head forci- 
bly against the cow's udder, to 
cause the railk to come more 
freely. Norf. 

(4) «. A worthiest woman. 


(5) «. A company of teaL 

!6) f. A pack of cards. 
7) ». The horn of a young stag. 
Bunch* BACKED, a^. Hunch- 
backed. This term occurs in 
Copier's Wits, Fits, and Fancies, 
1614, p. 186. 

BUNCH-BBRRIBS, «. ThC ffUit of 

the rubua nucaiUu, Craven* 

BuNCH-CLOD, a. A clown* 

Term is no sooner out bnt in comet 
Valentine to trade in sweethearts, then 
the maids look out sharp if possible to 
bare him for a valentine whom they 
could inwiurdly incline to chuse for a 
husband; and as for those who are 
Korem'd by lump love, if Valentine's 
Say will not do for them, here is Pan- 
caise day a oomiof , one to please the 
fiincy, and the other the appetite ; for 
there are a great mauT htmek-ctods in 
the world that had rather have a belly 
full of victuals than a handsome sweet* 
heart: not that I would encourage 
anybody to neglect their victuals for 
the sake of a woman, much less to ko to 
plays or masquerades to seek a handsom 
woman, where you have a better chance 
to meet with beauty than virtue. 


BuN-cRow, f . A grey bird which 
commitsdepredationtfon thecom. 

BuNcus, f. A donkey. Line, 

BuNDATiON, 9. Abuudanoc. Weei. 

BuNDLB, (1) a. A term for a low 
(2) «. To go away in a hurry. 

Bundling, a. A custom in Wales 
of courting in bed with the 
clothes on. It is still continued, 
and often has rather disastrous 
results. An action for seduction 
on this custom waa tried at Car- 
narvon, July, 1846. 

Bunds, a. A species of scabious. 

BuNB, adv. Promptly. 

Bung, (1) a. A pickpocket A 

cant w ord, also used for a pocket, 

and a purse. 

(2) a. A heap or bunch. North. 
BuNO-DocK, f. A curtail. Eaet, 
Bunobr, 1 v. To do anything awk- 

BUNJBR, j wardly. Sun. 
Bunobrsomb, adj. Clumsy. Berke, 
Bungib, adj. Short and squat. 


The tree is not high nor hungie; the 
branches spread to a great length, and 
beare many cods (not unlike the Indian 
beanet) arm'd with many sharp pricklesu 
Strbert^t Tnmelt, 1638. 

CrossJe^d hee sat : his shash or tnrbant 
was white and bungle ; his waist was 
girded with a thong of lather. 

Berber ft Travels. 

BuNGY, adj. Intoxicated. Bede. 
Bun-hbdoe, 8, A hedge of twisted 

sticks. Lane. 
Bunhill, a. A bunyon. Northan^. 
Bunhorns, f. Briars bored and 

used by woollen-weavers to wind 

yam on« Lane. 
Bunkas, a. A number of people 

collected together. East. 
Bunking, adj. Fat. Yorkth, 
Bunks, t . The wild succory. Eaat. 
BuNNBD, otff. Shrunk. Dorset. 
BuNNBL, s. A dried hemp-stalk. 

BuNNT, t. (1) A small swelling. 

East. '*Bownche or bunnye, 

Oibba." Huloet. 

(2) A sort of drain. Hants. 
Bunnt-back'd, adj. High and 

round shouldered. Devon. 
Bunny-mouth, a. The snap-dra- 
gon. Surrey. 
Bunt, (1) «. To push with the 

head. West. 

To rear. Ojef. 
To run like a rabbit. 


(4) V. To sift, or to boult meaL 


ib) s. Smut in corn. 
6) a. The part of a sail which 
is inflated by the wind. 
(7) f. A puff-ball. Northangt. 

(2) V. 

(3) V. 






BtTNTSB, «. (1) A collector of rags. 

(2) A prostitute. East, 
BwnvQ, (I) 4ulJ. Mean;«luibby; 

untidy. Eati, 

(2) #. A large piece of timber. 

(3) f. A sbrimp. Kent. 

(4) t. A boys' game, played with 
aticka and a small piece of wood. 
f5)a. The wood-lark. 

[6) a. A term of endearment. 

When is mv little bunting f Why, how 
now, bird r what, in a w^^. ? 

If. Tale, Cuekold's Haven, 168S. 

(7) f. A sort of fine linen of 
which searches or sarsers are 
made (cribra polUnaria), 

Bur, (1) a. A blow; force, or 

(2) a. The halo round the moon. 

(3) f . A stop for a wheeL 

(4) f. A whetstone for scythes. 

(5) f. Sweet-bread of a dif. 

(6) a. A rabbit burrow. Dorwet. 

(7) eor^. But. Yorkth, 
BuBATo, t. A soft of woollen doth. 

^'n'^Jt !•• To bubble. 


Bubble, la. A bubble on the 
BUBBTL, J water. 

Bubble, t. A small pimple. Bait. 
BuBCOT, a. A load. Somerset. 
Bubdblais. a. A sort of grapes. 
BuBOBN-BAND, ». A hay-baud. 

BuRDis, a. (J.'N.) A tournament. 
BuBDisB, V. (A.-N.) To joust at a 

BuBDON, a. {J.'N.) A staff. 
BuBDouN, a. {J.-N) The base In 

BuBB, f. {J.-S.) A chamber. 
BuBEDBLT, adv. Forcibly ; swiftly. 
BuBBLi, a. The spoke of a wheel. 
BuBBT, a. A drinking vessel. 
BuBBWE, 9. {J..S.) To protect. 

BuBGB, f . A bridge. Oaf. 

BuBOEN, \v. (1) To bud. See 

BURGEON, j BouTffeon. 

(2) 8. A bud; a sprout. 

BuBGH, a. (1) Part of a spear. 

ril try one speare , tiuMigh it 

prove too short by the htrgh. 

Boaring Girl, 0. PL, vi, SS. 

(2) The projecting rim of a deer's 
horn, dose to the head. 
BuBGHB, a. (J.'S.) (1) A hillock 
or barrow. 

(2) A town or borough. 

(3) A barrow hog. 
BuBGMOTB, f. {A.mS.) A borough 

BuBGoiN, a. (/V*.) A part of the 

A hnrgoign, is that part of the head- 
dress that covers the hair, being the 
first part of the dress. 

Jhmton'i Ladfi Diet., 1694. 

BuBOON, f. A burganet, or helmet. 

Tytan eneoonters Jove, Jore him defies. 
And firom his steely burgon beates out fire. 
Great Britahue Troye, 1609. 

BuBGooD, a. Teast. Norf. 
BuRGULLiAN, a. A bnig^odo. 
BuRJONEN,9. To bud. See^ur^en. 
BuRK, V. To warm by fondLng; 

to nuzzle. Northamp. 
Burke, v. To bark. West. 
BuRLACE, a. A kind of grapes. 
BuRLE, (1) V. To welter. 

(2) a. A knot or bump. 

(3) V. To take away the knots 
or impure parts from cloth. 
**Burle cloth, desquamare pan* 
ftttiM." HtUoet. 

(4) a. The horn of a young stag. 
Burled, part. p. Armed. 
BuRLER, a. (1) One who burlea 


(2) A resoWer of doubts. 
BuRLBT, a. A hood, or head-dress. 

** Calanticai a tyre, btwlet or 

coyfe, a kerchief, or a hood for a 

woman." Elyot. 
BuRLBT, a. The butt end of tlM 





BuRLET-MAN, «. An ofBcer in 
court-leetSy assistant to the con- 
stable. Kewnett, 

BuRLiBouND, a^. Rough; un- 

Burliness, f. Bulk. 

Burling, «. A young ox. ZMc. 

BuRLiNQ-iRON, «. An instrument 
for burling cloth. 

BuRLiNOs, «. Pieces of dirty wool. 

BuRLT, adj, (I) Big; stout. 
(2) Red and pimpled. Somertet. 

BuRMAiDBN, f. A chamber-maid. 

Burn, (1) «. (J.-S.) A man. 

(2) a. {J,-S,) A brook. North, 

(3) 8. A load or burden. North. 

(4) «. To waste, applied espe- 
cially to time, as to bum time. 

(5) To burn daylight, to light 
candles before it is dark. 

Burn-bekino, a. Denshering land, 
or burning turf for improving it. 

BuRN-cow, a. A kind of beetle. 

Burned, adv. {A.-N.) Burnished. 

BuRNBL, a. {A.'N.) A name for an 
ass, from its colour. 

3urnet, a. (1) {J.'N.) Brown 
woollen cloth. 

(2) A hood. 

(3) The plant pimpemeL 
BuRNBuz, f. A sauce, made of 

butter, pepper, salt, &c. 
BuRNiB-BBE| f. The lady-bird. 

Burning, a. Lues venerea. 

Item that no studiolder kepe noowom- 
man withynne his hows that hath any 
sikenes of bremtjfttffe, but that she 
be putte ont. 

BepUation of the Stews, Ibth cent. 

Ko heretiei bum'd, but wenches' sniton. 

Bhaketp., Lear, in, 9. 

Burning-candle, a. The ignis 

The lowest meteor in the air is the 
burning cnndle, or, as some call it, 
fenis fatnns. 

WxUrfbrA, NfUnre's SecreU, 1658. 

BuRNiNG-oF-THE-HiLL, a. A me- 
thod of punishing a thief, for- 

merly practised by miners on tho 

Mendip hills. 
Burning-sweat, a. A plague 

which occurred in the reign of 

Henry VII. 
Burnish, v. To smooth or flatten. 

Burn-stick, a. A crooked stick, 

on which a piece of coal is daily 

carried home by each working 

collier for his own private use. 



BuRN-TRouT, f. A trout. "7Voe/«. 

A humtrout : a trowt." iVbmeii- 

BuRNT-wiNB, f. Brandy. See 


Yinum igni eliqnatum, vini latex. Ean 
deTie.eauardente. Bnmimne,QtWMA 
Titae. Nomenelutar, I5M. 

BuRNwiN, a. A blacksmith. North. 

Burr, a. (1) The broad iron ring 
fixed on the tilting lance just 
below the gripe, to prevent the 
hand slipping back. 

(2) The knot at the bottom of a 
hart's horn. 

(3) The flower of the hop. 

(4) The burdock ; applied more 
especially to the prickly calyx of 
the plant. 

(5) The lap of the ear. 
BuBRATiNB, a. Some sort of 

clothing. Ben Jonton. 
BuRRiSH, adj. Rough ; prickly. 
Burrow, a. Sheltered from the 

wind. Somertet. 
Burrs, a. Upright pieces of armour 

in front of the thighs. 
Burr-stones, a. Rough unhewn 

BuRSB, a. {Fr.) An exchange for 


".»'^ws.}»- A dhh in cookery. 

Bursen, Take the whyte of leket, shrpa 
hem. and shrede hem small. T^uko 
nonmUes of swyue, and pavbojle heia 




an bfoth and wjne Take hym ttp, and 
irtne hym, and do the leke in the broth. 

' J^th and do the noumbles thereto ; 

' aiake a lyor of brode, blode, and vynegre, 
mud do thereto powdor-fort; seeth 
ornoiina; mynce hem, and do thereto. 

. The aelf wise make of piggcs. 

Forme of Owy, p. 6. 

Burtewt.- Take pork, seeth it, and 

Synde it smale with sodden ayren. Do 
ereto gode powdors, and bole spices, 
and salt, with sugar. Make thereof 
tmalle balles and cast hem in a bator 
of ayren, and wete hem in floer ; and 
frye henk in grece as firy tors, and serve 
hem forth. Fomu of Cury, p. S3. 

BuRS^N-BKLLiED, adf, Rupturcd. 
Burst, v. To break. 
Bursts, 9. {A.'S.) , Lobs ; adversity. 
BuRSTD, patt. p. Braised. 
Burt, (1) v. To press or indent 
' anything. Somerset 

(2) «. A small fiat fish. 
BvBTUfpree.J. Behoves. 
Burthen, (1) «. A quarter of ale. 

(2) o. To press earnestly. East, 
BuRTHBNsoMB, f. Productive. 

Bt7B-THi8TLB, t. The speaT-thistle. 

BtTRTLB, f. A sweeting apple. 

BuB-TRBB, «. The elder-tree. 
BuRTTMB, 9. Birthtime. R. GUmc, 
BuRWALL,*. A wall leaning against 

a hank. Yorksh, 
BuRWB, V. {A.-S,) To defend. 
BURWHB, 9, A circle. Pr. Parv. 
Burt, s. (1) {A,»S.) A house or 

(2) A rabbit's barrow. South, 

(3) A place sunk in the ground 
. to protect potatoes, &c., from 
. frost. Northanq)t. 
BuRTiNO-A-wiFB, 9. A fcast givcn 

by an apprentice at the expira- 
tion of his articles. 

Bus,^e«. /. Behoves; must. 

BuscAOB,*. {Fr.) A kind of cloth. 

BuscATLB, 9, (A,-N,) A bush. 

Bush, (1) «. The sign of a tavern, 
usually an ivy-bush. Cotgrave 
gives the proverb, ** Good wine 

draw^ customers without any 
help of an ivy-bush.'* The term 
was afterwards continued to the 
wooden frame of the sign, on 
which the bush was placed. 

What claret's this? the very worst in 
towne : 
^ Your tavenU'busk deserves a pulling 

Bcwlands, Know of Harts, 1613. 

(Bmter Leekiel above in a balcony.)' I 
found this ladder of ropes upon a shelf, 
but dare not venture down yet, for feaf 
some pryinK rasCHl sliull snap me be- 
tween eartn and beav'n — 'sdeath, I'll 
creep into this bush, it may be this may 
secure me. {GeU upou the tavern bufh.) 
Hahl upon honour I ^i-ow chearful; 
this is so modist a devic6, that I've 
great hopes of good success. 

JHtrfey, Madam FiekU, 1682. 


(2) To go about the bush, to 
approach with ceremony or cau- 

(3) V. To butt with the head ; to 
push. West, 

(4) 9, The inner circle of a wheel; 
. . en losing the axle-tree. 

(5^ tr. To retreat from. South. - 
(6) 9, A form of the beard. 

BusHBT, \9, A small shoot fronr 
BUSKET, J a bush. 

BuSHBTiNO, 9. Sprouting out at 
the roots. Olouc. 

Bu8HLOCK,«. A bushy tuft of hair. 

At nyght Mr. Banyster cauled me up to 
se a comet, but yt was Venus with a 

freat fyery haxe fyke a butkhet about 
ir. MS. dddit., 5006. 

BusHMBNT,«. {A,'N.) (1) An am-, 
(2) A thicket of bushes. 

BusHsiTHB, s. A bill-hook. Huloet, 

BusHT-BARNABBB, 9. The lady-- 
bird. Si^olk. 

BusiNB, V, {Fr.) To trouble with 

Business, 9. (1) Trouble. 

(2) A term used affectedly, for 
what is now called an affair of 
hononr, a duel. To make a mas* 
ter of the duel, a carrier of the 
differences, Ben Jonson putai. 




•mong other ingrtdiento, *f% 
dnehm of tlie bmkte9$," «id 

For that's tiie word of thtctnre, the 
butineu. Let ne akme with th* hm- 
ness. I will carry tk« kvnnets. I do 
understand the ou$i$te9$. I do find an 
affront in the hm'meu, 

Matqite qfMereurft jrc. 

•—' Coold Caranza himself 
Garry a business better. 

B. /• Fl.t LoM^s PUgrkHf ▼. 

Bu8K, «. (1) A sort of linen doth. 
(2) A rod of whalebone, or 
•ometimes of steel, in the front 
of the stays to keep them 

Her long slit sleeves, 

Is all that nukes her thus angelio^ 

MarsUmt Scourge, It, vii 

[3) A flock of sheep. East 
4) (J.^^,) A bush. Nor/K 
[b) V, To lie in the sun. EtfW. 

Busk*, p, (^.-5.) To busk; to go ; 
to array, prepare, make re^y, 

BusKKT, f. (/V% bosquet) A tmaU 
bush, or brauch. 

Youth's folk n«v flocken in svery when 
To gather "Usj-haksU and sn^eUing breeie. 

Sfms., Bd. Mtijff 9* 

Busking, o^f. (I) Bushy* 
(2) Provoking. Eanrnw^, 
BusKLB, ff. To bustle about* 
BusK-FOiNT, s. The lace, with its 
tag, which secured the end of 
the busk. 

Whether a kidcwfll raise it. Pray go fetch 

Some aqua vita; for the tfaofOfl^t of steel 
Has put him in a swound: nothbg reviTs 

Then wiUI keep thy sword and hang it up 
Amongst my busk^nts, pins, and endiDg- 


Bodkins, and vardingals, a perpetual tro* 
phey. Randolph, Jealous Losers, 1646. 

BusKv, 44r« Woody ; bushy. 

PusMKVi. ^ttBismqre, 

Buss. (1) A young bullock. Z>«tr^ 

(2) V. To kiss. 
. C3)su To butt with the Ifei^d. 

(4)«. A large piteher. 1Wmi> 
BussARD, «. A great drinker, 
BussB, (1) «. {Iha.) A ki»4 of 


(2) V. To lie in ambush, 
BussBs, t. Hoops for the top of a 

wagon. North. 

Bussing, t. Whispering? 

Without the blind bussings 9f a ?kpipt, 
may no sin be solved. 

JfOe's Jmege qfbofh Ckmkf** 

BussocK, 9. {I) 4 tbicky f«t p«r« 

son. Warw, 

(2) A young donkey^ Mc^ 
Bust, t. A tar miurk 09 9b^ep, 

BusTBR, f. (1) A loaf« 

(2) A heavy blow. 
BusTiAN, t. A sort of cowi9 d^li* 
BusTous. See Boiatou^, 
Bust, v. (^.-N.) To be actiye* 
Bu8T»oooD,f, A meddling person* 

But, (1) f. A c^st ; a throw, 

(2) pret, t. Contended ; stmg* 
gled with esph other. Hapflqhf 

(3) t. A flounder, or plaice, 
(4^ 8, A small place of ground* 

(5) 9. The thick or fleshy root of 
a plant. A potato or turnip if 
said to be large in the but. 

(6) 8, A conical basket use4 
for catching salmon in the river 

(7) 9, To grow or swell oiitt 

(8^ 8. A buttock of beef. West, 
(9) f, A shoemaker's knife. 

(JO) f. Strong leatlier. North, 
(11) «*But and ben/' the outer 
and inn,er apartment, where ther^ 
are only two ropms in a house. 

il2^ ff. A hassock* Devon. 
13) ff* A bee-hive* commonly 
eaWed 9k iee'htt. Expnoor, 
ri4^ ff. A kind of cap. North. 
ri5l adj. Rough; ragged. North 
[16) ff, 7*0 ^9xteT* Crapen. 




(\1)pr€p. Without 

(18) eoi^. UnleM. 

(19) 9. To abut. 

(20) ad9. Suddenly. Devim. 
BuT-BOLT, t. The peculiar arrow 

used io shooting at the butt. 
BuTCHB, 9. To kill. North, 
Butchbr's-b&ooii, «. A kind of 

rush (rtueui). 
BuT0HBm*8-CLBATVR,t. The name 

giv^B in Northamptonshize to the 

constellation of the Pleiades. 
Bute, t. Help ; remedy ; for bote, 
BaT-GAP, 8. A hedge of turf. J>e9on. 
BuTH, (1) proi, t. pL oi iiHen. 

(j4,'S.) Be; are. 

(2) «. A situation, Ai«r. 
BuTLAMss, «. Waste ground. JBm/. 
BuMHOT,«. Abew^ot* 
Butt, «. (1) A boat. 

(2) A cart Dewm, 
BuTTAD, a. (/v. bamiado,) A tnirtt 

of passion. 

' TUb brffMd had eerfeaia TiolflBt and 
sad4ain bufUuU of fnrioos cradty, and 
BuadmB drawn from the very bowdi of 
v^ugoance it self : for if he were neror 
10 little offended by another, or sua. 
pected another to be offended with him, 
he presently commanded sneh to be 
pdiiaisredf ^UfH» T^tamum, KM. 

BuTTAL, ». (1) A bittern. South. 
(2) A corner of ground. North* 
BurrxH, v. To push. 


BuTTEB-BiT, 8, The snail atraincr 

in which each pound of butter 

ia wrapped when padud for 

market Northanqft. 
BuTTBE'Box, f . AcaAtfttfrnfora 

BuTTBB*BirMP,i. AbjAteni.iVbrA. 
BoTTBB-ovv, f . ThawUditniuenp 

BuTTBK-oAiaT, «. Tho whtte ox- 

BuTTBBBo-ALi, i. Al« boilad With 

sugar, butttr, and spioe. J^tqpih, 
BuTTBB-FiNOBBBD, itif. SUppory. 
BuvrBB>HAif»f. Brndandbuttar* 

BurrBB-ittTyt. Atubln wMehthe 
butter is washed. Weot 

BuTTEB-PENCB, 8. Th« fiurmcr's 

wife's perquisite money gained 

from the sale of her butter. 

And when the father on the earth did liv«. 
To his soBBeB faaeie he tnch way did give ; 
for at no season he the plow must hold. 
The summer was too hot, the winter cold s 
tie robs his mother of her butter-penet. 
Within tha alehouse serves him for expence. 

IViylor'f Wori&9» 16S0. 

BvTTBB-pRiNT. A bastard child. 

BvTTBB-PVMPS, «. The ovary of 
the yellow water-lily. Dortet, 

BuTTBB-BHAO, 8. A sUoe of bread 
and butter. North, 

BuTTBB-TABT, 8. A tart made aa. 
follows : 

First yon most beat a little green citron, 
a little salt, cinnamon, two mackrooms, 
a pJAce of butter that is fresh and good, 
wmi the yolks of four raw eggs; i>eat 
all this well together, and put this into 
a pan, sheeted with fine paste, and bard 
it over with long slices of paste, and 
when it is baked, put to it some oran^s 
flowers, and sugar in serving it away. 
The i^uem*sBoyul Cookery. 

BuTTER-TBBTH, 8. The two in« 
dsors in front of the upper jaw. 

BuTTEB-WBOBE, t. A womao who 
carries butter about, a class who 
were set down in the same cate- 
gory aa the fish-women of Bil- 

BUTTBBT-BAII, 1 ». A hslf- 

BUTTEBT-HATCH, J door between 
the buttery or kitchen and the 
hall, in old mansions, through 
which provisions were passed. 

BuTTiLLABTi f . A buttcry. 

BirrriNO-iROM, ». An instrument 
for peeling bark. North, 

Buttock, ». A common strumpet. 

ril kiH yoa, yon jade, m »vUb you, 
you hnttuek, I am a justice of the pojce, 
sirrah! Otway, Somet'e Fortune,\9»l. 

The bawds and the hUtoeit that liv'd there 


Qims flocking ttifiii thither. ^ ^, ^^^ 

Poor A7M»,16M. 

Buttock-stbap, f. A atrap at- 




' taeh^ to the back of cart-hai'- 
ness, which' assists to hold the 
trace up. East. 

Button, (1) t. A bad. 

(2) t. The chrysalis of an insect. 

(3) t. A small cake. Eait, 

(4) V. To shut up. Ojean, But* 
toned'Up, closed up, shut. ** See 
how her little mouih is buttoned' 



(5) t. A small mushroom. 
Button-nails, t. Roundheaded 

But roN-POUND, «. Money. North" 

E.ttons, (1) «. Sheep's dung. 

Devon, To make buttons, cacar«, 

and hence to be in great fear. 

(2) 8, In Devonshire, burs are 

called beggar'8 buttons, and enc- 

kold's buttons, 
Buttricb, s, a tool used to pare 

tiie hoofs in shoeing horses. 
Butt-shaft, s. A sort of arrow ; a 

butt- bolt. 
BuTTT, (1) «• A companion or 


(2)9. To work in company. 

BuTURE, s. The bittern. North, 
BuTYNE, s. (Fr.) Booty. 
Buyer, s, A gnat. North, 
BuviDLT, adv. Stout made. North. 
Buxom, adj. (A.-.S,) Obedient; 

and hence, meek, or humble. 
Buzz, V, To empty a bottle of wine 

in carousing ; to drink. 
Buzzard, t. (1) A coward. 

(2) A sort of large moth that is 

seen in great abundance in the 

meadows, hovering over certain 

flowers in a summer evening. 

Devon. The word is also used 

in Craven, and is supposed to be 

the origin of the proverb, ** As 

blind as a buzzard." 
Buzzom-chuck'd, a^, Blowsy, 

or with cheeks of a deep red. 


BuzzT, s. .A familiar term of en- 
dearment. Northampt, 

By, (1) prep. By is often used by 
old writers in the sense of in, as, 
" by his life,'' in his lifetime ; and 
sometimes in those of/or, with, 
or of. ** By and by," distinctly, in 
order one after the other. 

(2) s. A by-place. " Burella, a 
by or darke corner." Florio. 

(3) s. A bracelet. See Beigh, 
U) s. A bee. 

(b)v. To buy. 

(6) V, To abide. 

(7) V, To able. See Abeye. 

(8) A term in gambling. " Mas* 
sire, to play or cast at the by, at 
hazard or gresco." Florio. 

(9) €idv. Besides. Northumb, 
Byar, t. A cow-house. North. 
Bybbbt, s. Some kind of herb. 

Chester Plays, i, 119. 
By-blow, s. A bastard. 

In such a ladies lfH[>pe, at such a sKpperia 

That iu a world so wide ooaU not be found 

such a wilie 
Lad ; in an aire so old, ooold not be found 

such an old lad. 

BamefieUPi JffeetimaU Shepherd, 16M. 

Sal. Thou speek'st not like a sal^ect^ 
what's thy name ? 

Fll. My name is Draco. 

5a<. Of the Athenian Draco's? 

FU. No, of the English Drakes, great Gap- 
tain Drake 

(That sail'd the world round) left in Spain 
a hp-bhwt 

Of whom I oome. 

The Slighted Maid,^. 97, 

Btcalle, 9. (ji.'S.) To accuse. 
Byclaoge, v. To besmear. 
Btcoket, t. Some ornament for 

the head. 
Bydaooe, V, To splash. Weber, 
B yde, s, (A.'S.) Abode ; dwelling. 
Bydbyven, v. To commit eviL 

Bydwovqvs, part. p. Compelled* 
Byebb, s. a dwelling. Ash. 
Bte-bootinos, s. The finest aorl 

of bran. North, 
Btst,!. Work not finished. North* 




Bt-var^ adv. Mncb. 

Byfoundk. Found out. Ileame* 

By-fbuits, f. "Those wens or 
humid bubbles which insects taise 
upon vegetables, wherein they 
lodge their egge and produce 
their young, are cail'd by-fruits,** 

•Btgaokd, adj. Mad; bewitched. 

Btgatbs, 8, Spoil ; plunder. 

By-oold, t. Tinsel. 

Byqorn, t. A goblin. North. 

^Byhefdb, v. To behead. 

Byheteb, t. A surety. Wiehliffe. 

Byhorb, v. To commit adultery 
Against ; to cornute. 

*Bt-hours, 8, Extra hours at work. 

'^Bthoye, v. To advantage. Chaucer. 
' Byland, 8, A peninsula. 

Byle, 8, A boil; an ulcer. 

Byle*er, adv. Just now; a little 
'before. Somerset. 

By.leman, t. . A second lover, or 

ByI'IE, v. To be'ong. 

Byllerne, t. A kind of water- 
plant. Pr. P. 

Byllyne, V, To use a spade or 
mattock. Pr, P. 

BY'I.ov, part. p. Laughed at. 

By-lye, v. {J.-S.) To lie with a 

By-matters, t. Irrelevant circum- 
' Bymolen, v. (J,'S.) To spot; to 

B\MowE,v. To mock. 

BiVfprep, Within. 

Byname, v. To nick-name. 

BYNDERE8,t. BindcTs; robbcrs who 
bind. Havelok. 

Bynb, 8. Malt. 

Bynny,!. a kind of pepper. 

Otr-Now, adv. A short time ago. 
' Byntb, pre8. t. of binde. Binds. 
" Byon, 8. A quinsy. North. 

By-fast, adv. Past by. ''With order 

that all faults by-pa8t should be 

forgiven." Bowee Correepondenee, 

By-plot, 8. A plot of ground out 

of the public way. 
BYaoi]>E, 8. Bequest. Rob. Ohue. 
B YRDB, pret. t. Must ; it behoved. 

\*r„'!!»;]-* A burden. 


Byre, t. (1) The stump of a tree. 


(2) A cow-house. Cumb. 
BYRKYN,t. Breaking^ Town.My8t. 
Byrlakin. a diminutive of by our 

Byrlet,«. SeeBurlet. **Byrlet,or 

tyrynge for women. CcUantica,*' 

Byronnb, v. To run over. 
Byrynb, V, To bury. 
By an alow, 8. The hollyhock. 
Bysom, adj. Blind. See Bisen, 
Byspel, f. {A.'S.) A proverb. 
Byspittb, v. To spit all over. 

And yit is it tonnentid by impncience of 
adversity, and hy^it by eervage and 
Bubjeccioun of syune, and atte last it it 
■layn finally. Chaucer^ Fcrsonet T. 

Byspyno, 8. Confirmation. An 

abbreviation of bUhopping. 
Byssi, adv. Quickly. 
Byssine, 8. Fine silk. Wicklife. 
Byst fpres. t. oibidde. Prayest. 
Bystb, 8. A temporary bed used 

by hop-driers and maltsters. 

Bysysohyppb, 8. Activity. 
.Bytack, 8. A farm taken by a 

tenant who resides on another 

farm. Herrf. 
By-tail, 8. The right handle of a 

Byte, (1) v. {J.-S.) To cut with a 

sword, or any instrument. 

(2) 8. A morsel ; a bit. 
By-the-walls. Unburied. East, 
By times, a^f. At times; occa- 
sionally. Northamp. 
BYTELAYsiDt part. p. Betrayed. 

Certis nnfuimannei i^trajfmi 




</ Hib' devd, by covdCiM of temporal 
pmpeiiUi and scorned by diaceyt, whtui 
M c&eteUi lleisehly delytes. 

Chaue«r, Ptrt&nts T. 

fiTTTBtt. Abottle; a flagon. Want. 
Bttonvb, part. p. Found ; con- 

Byvore, adv. Before. 
Bywait, v. To be ^tient. 
Bt-wash, 9. The outlet from a 

dam. North, 
BY'VnrMf 8. An indirect sarcasm. 

Byword, ». (A.-S.) A prorcrb. 
Bywayb, 9. To let out ; to betiiy 


And theifore yow is better hyde yonre 
eouDseU in yovre herte, than prayen 
him to whom ye have hywryed yonre 
eonnaeil, that he wol keye it eioa aad 
■tiUe. Ckwur, T. ^M«Ubm» 

Byzamt, t. A besom. Dor—t* 
BTfT, f • A bend. See BigM, 


Ca, 9. To drive. North, 

Caad, 8, Cold. North, 

Caas, 8. (for eat.) A chance, or 

Cab, 8. (1) A number of persons 

secretly leagued together. Su»8ex. 

i2) Any glutinous substance. 

Gabbaob, (1) 8. The part of a 
deer's head on which the horns 
•re set 

(2) 9. To grow to a head, ap- 
plied to the horns of a deer. 

(3) 8, A part of a lady's head- 
dress. See Chous, 

Behind the noddle every banage, 
Wean rowls, in EngUah calrd a eallihag$. 
Lottdtm Ladiet Dreuing Boom, 1706. 

(4) 9. To steal slily ; bow used 
merely of tailors. 

Cabanb, «. (^.) A cabin. 
Cababbt, «. (^.) A tavern. 
Cabby, <Mfr. Sticky; clammy. 

Cabbs,«. a cabbage. 

Cable-hatbajtbi 8. A fisshiMi 
suppoaed to have been intrv- 
dveed at tbe very dose of the 
16th ceBtury» consisting of a 
twisted cord of gold» silver, or 
•ilk, worn round tbe hat. 
I had «■ a Mid cMt-hmOtrnd^iStiiisawm 
come np, iniich I woit about a mnrrey 
Trench hat I had,— enU my hatband^ 
and yet it was naaiie goldai^rs 

work, kc. * «. . * 

B. Jms., Mf. Mtm out f^u., iv, g. 

Cablish, 8, Brushwood. 
Cabob* a. A leg of mutton, stuffed 

vrith white herringa and sweet 

Cabobblb, 9. To puEzIe. JSos/. 
Cabochb, 9. (^.-iV.) To bend. 
Cabriolb»,«. a lady's head-dresa^ 
Cabbito, 8. {Span.) A kid. 
Caogsbn, 9. {A,'S.) To catdi ; to 

take. KaehoM, Con8tFreem.f 380. 
Cachb, 9. (1) To go. 

(2) To couch or lay down. 
Cacbbbb, 8, (A.»N,) A hunter. 
Cacbbbblb, 8. A catchpole. 
Cack, 9. Cacare. 
Cacklb, 9. To babble. 
Cacklino*gheat, t. A cock er 

capon. An old cant term. 
Cackmao, 8. Idle talk. JSuf. 
Cacobnb, 8. Tbe windpipe. Jkffon^ 
Cad, 8, (1) A very small pig. JSaat, 

(2) The person who guards the 
door of an omnibus, and keeps 
on the look out for passengera 
It is also a low term of abuse. 

(3) A low fellow who hangs 
about the college to provide the 
Etonians with anything necessary 
to assist their sports. 

!4) A familiar spirit. 
5) A blinker. Xete. 

Cabab, 8, A wooden frame placed 
over a scythe to preserve and lay 
the com more even in the swathe. 

Cadatobb, 8, Beggars who make 
circuits round the kingdom, as« 
suming the characters of decayed 




CjkWiEmt t. A servaiit employed 

under another senrant. 
Caddvl,(1)«. Cow parsnip. Dev9H. 

(it)ad9. In a huirry } OMoiiisefUy^ 

CADsiift, i. Worsted ribbon } 8lso# 

ft woollen stuff. 
Caddlb, (1) V. To 8cx>ld } to bunry ; 

fo attend officiously. W€$t^ 

(2) s. A dispute ; a noisy oon* 
teution* VMT.tUoL 

(3) V. To tease. Wett 

!|4) V. To coai i to spoil. Norik* 
5) V. To squander money. 

(6) M^*. Nice in appetite. Leie. 
Caddlino, pari. «. (1) Dawdling. 

(2) Tale-teUing. 
Gadsow, 8. A jackdaw. Etut, 
Caddt, {\) 8» Agboat or bugbear. 


(2) s. The caddis-worm. 

(3) adv. Well; hearty. North, 
Cadb, 8. (1) A barrel oontaining 

six bundr^ herrings. 

(2) In Kent, a cade of beef is 

any quantity of pieces under a 

whole quarter. 

r3) A small cask. 

(4) V. To pet; to indulge. 
[b)8. The testicle. Still used in 
the North. 

Telle tchttl wires tnelve, 
tif ani cluld may be made 
Witbonten knoweing of mannes eade. 
Jttkour and Mtrlin, p. 86. 

Cadk*lamb, 8. A pet lamb» 
Cadbnt, adj. (Lai.) Falling. 
Cadbb, 8. A small wooden frame 

on which the fisherman keeps his 

line. South. 
Cadbs, 8. Sheep-dung. Var. dial. 
Cadbssb,^. a jackdaw. 
Cadbw, 8. The straw-worm. 
Cadob, (1) V. To bind. ** I cadge 

a garment, 1 set lystes in the 

lynyng to kepe the plygbtes in 

order.'' Palag. 

(2) a. A circular piece of wood, 

on which hawks are cwned when 
exposed for sale. 

(3) «. To stuff, or fill. North. 
Cadge^ll^, a fiOl fat beUy. 

(4) ». To earry. North, 
(ft) 9« To beg. Leie. 

(6) V* To tolk incessantly. late. 

CAD«B»y 8. (I) A packman or 
itinerant huckster. 
(2) A butcher, miller, or carrier 
of any other load. Kennett. 

Cadot, atff. Cheerful. North. 

Cadillbck, 8. A kind of pear. 

Cadlb, v. To fondle. Nerthan^. 

Cabuno^ atff. False; iusincere. 

Cadlook, 1 8, The name of a 
CAJ#L00K, I plant; rough cad* 
CHARLOCK, J took, the wild mus- 
tard} smooth aadloeht the wild 
rape. North. 

Cadma, a. The least pig of a 
litter. Var. dial 

Cadnat, t. {A.-N,) A canopy. 

CADOCK,a. A bludgeon. iSSom^raef. 

Cadukb, a4f4 [Lit') Frail; pe* 

But follow the cadmie pfeatuns of this 
world. Bishcf lUher. 

lBferj[ tiiiBr in this world is mitttt, 
trBMitory, and uetBeBtary. Id. 

Cadt, 0^. FooUsh; addled. 

CiBGiTT, 8. (Lat,) Blindness. 
Cafabt, 8. (/V*.) A hypocrite. 
Caff, (1) a. Chaff. North, **FuU 

of kaff." jipoL LoUard8, p. 56. 

(2) 8. A gardener's hoe. North. 

(3) V. To run off a bargaini tp 
abandon anything. Craien, 

Caffa, 8. A kind ol rich stuff, 

perhaps taffata. 
Cafflb, 9. (1) To caril ; to quarrel. 

fh if I now pat in lome a^img clause^ 
ihall be eaU'd nneonstant alt my davi. 
JSEmt. Jr»t ilT, W» 

(2) To entangle. Somerset, 
Caft, a4ir Intimidated. YorkdU 
Cas, (1) f. A stump. W88t» 





' (2) p. To crawl about. Leie. 

Caobl, v. To harrow ground. 

Caoo, V, To make a tow or re- 
solution not to get drunk for a 
certain time ; or, as the term is, 
till the eoffff is out. *'I have 
cogged myself for six months." 

ChQUKQtWs. Coarse bad food of 
any kind, properly an old goose; 
a small inferior breed of sheep. 
(2) 9. To quarrel. Wore, 

Caifb, t. An iron cap. Grtrfion. 
Cailbs, 8. Nine-pins. 
CAiNBD,a<{f* Motbery. North. 
Caingel, s. a crabbed fellow. 

CArNGT, adj. Peevish; iU-tem- 

pered. North, 
Cairo, a. A tinker. Northumb. ' 
Caisar, s. {A.'N.) a king, or 

Caitchb, s. The game of tennis. 
Caitif, t. (A.'N.) (1) A captive. 

(2) A wretch. 

(3) A cripple. 

CAiTimsB, t. Captivity. WiekUffe, 
Cakb, (1) v. To cackle. North. 

(2) t. A foolish fellow. Var. di. 

(3) ** My cake is dough,'' I am 

entirely disappointed, my hope 

is gone. 

Notwithstanding all these tniTerses, we 
are confident here that the match will 
take, otherwise my cake is dough. 

HowelVs Letters, I, S 3, 1, 12 

Cakb-brbad, 8. Rolls, or manchet. 

Cakb-crkbl, t. A rack for drying 

oat-cakes. North, 

Cakb-housb, 9. A confectioner's. 

Others not so concem*d, walk in the fields, 

To ^ve their longing wives what eak«'hous4 

yields. StUyr against Hypocrites, 1689. 

Cakb-nioht, t. A term for the 
eve of All Saints, at Ripon in 
Yorkshire, when a cake is made 
for every member of the family. 

Caker, V, To bind with iron. 

CAKB-8PRirtLB, 9. A thiu boafd 
used for turning the oat-cakes 
over the oven. Yorkth. 

Calabass, f. A sort of small gun. 

Calaber, «. A kind of fur. 

Calabs. (Gr. x&\v^ Steel. 

Calam ANCE, 8. CiuamaneOf a sort 
of woollen stuff. 

Calander, 8. (A.'N,) A kind of 

Calangt, v. (A.»N. calanger.) To 
chfdlenge. Rob. Gl. 

Calash, 8, {Fr, caiichc.) An opea 

Calasses, 8. Alms-houses. Grote, 

Calgar, 1 «. An astrologer. See 
CALKBR, J CaUte. ^ 

Calcule, V. {A.-N.) To cal- 

Caldbsb, v. To cheat, or de-' 

• ceive, chiefly by fortune-telling; 

Calb, (1) 8. Colewort. 

(2) Pottage. 

(3) A turn. North. 

(4) V. To throw; to gambol. Eaet. 
Caleeyer, v. To gambol. North, 
Calender, (1) v. To give the gloss 

to woollen cloths. 

(2) A kind of wood. 

(3) A guide, or director. 
Calenture, t. A hot fever. 

Year may call 
Friends to uartake of palsies, anger strives 
To fire eacn neighbouring bosome, envie 

By being transplanted ; but a lovers pure 
Flames, though converted to a calenture. 
Unwillingly with the It^ast flame will part. 
Although to thaw anothers frozen heart. 
Chamberlayn^s FkaromUda, 1659i, 

Caleb. The city of Cadiz. 
Calbweis, 8. {A.'N.) A kind 

of pear. 
Calf, 8. A hart in its first year. 
Calf-lick, 1 «. a tuft of hair on 
COW-LICK, J the forehead which 

cannot be made to lie smooth, 
Calf's-skin, #. Fools kept for 

diversion in great families were 

often distinguished by coats ol 




, etdf-skmi with buttons down the 
back. See Sh.., K, Johtif iii. 1. 

Hit ca^s^kin jeits from hence are elear 
ezilU Prok to Wify Beguiled. 

Calf-staovs, t. Places for holding 
' caWes. Gloue. 

Calf-trundlb, 9. (1) The entrails 
- of a calf. 
(2) The niiBe of a shirt, or 
fioances of a gown. 
Calt-yard, v. The dwelling-place 
■ of our infancy. North. 
Calimanco-cat, f. A tortoise- 
' shell cat. Norf. 
Calis, $. \ chalice. 
Caliybr, 8. (Fr.) A large pistol 

or blunderbuss. 
Calks, 9. (1) To calculate. 

(2) To cast a figure or nativity. 
Calkins, I s. The parts of a 
CAWKIN8, > horse-shoe turned up 
CALKBR8, I and sharpened to pre- 
vent slipping. 
Call, (1) v. To scold. North, 

(2) 9. To proclaim by public 

(3) V. A term in hunting : when 
' hounds are first cast ofif, and find 

game, they are said to call on. 
^ (4) 8. The outlet of water from 

a dam. North, 

(5) t. Occasion ; necessity. 
Gallant, s. A lad. North, 
Callar, adj. Fresh ; cold. Cumb. 
Callards, 8, Leaves and shoou 
' of cabbages. Wight. 
Call-back, t. A wear. North, 
Callb, (1) f. A sort of cap or 

network worn on the head; a 

(2) V. To invite. 
Callbd-homb, part, p. Asked in 

the church. 
Callbr, (1) a£lj. Fresh; cool. 

' (2)9. To jump; to caper. Wight. 
Callbt, {I) 8. A scold ; a drab ; 

a strumpet. 

(2) 9. To fiiL 

Or to hear her in her spleei 
Collet like a bntter-quean. 

Bm^$ Spedmetu, vol. iii, p. Sf 

Callterd,^. (^.-iV.) A hard stone. 

CallingiBand, 8. A leading« 

string. North. ; 

C ALLOT, \ 8. {Fr, calotte.) A plain 
callet, j coif or skull-cap. 

Callow, (1)>. {A.-S.) Smooth | 
bare ; unfledged ; applied chiefly 
to birds. 

(2) adj. Smooth, applied to an 
even wood. Sut8. 

(3) t. The stratum of vegetable 
earth lying above gravel, sai^d, 
limestone, &c. Eaat. 

Callow-doctor, t. A quack. 
Calls, t. Pieces of tape. Norths 
Calltmoocher, t. A term of re-' 

I do, thou upstart eaUymoocher. I do ; 
Twaa well known to the pariah I have f 
Twice ale-cunner. 

Mayor qf Q;mnb., 0. PI., id, p. 183 

Calltyan, 8. A sort of pyramidal' 
trap for birds. Somer8et. 

Calm, 8. Scum of liquor. Ea8t, 

Calmes, t. (1) The cogs of a wheeL 

(2) The frames of a window, 
Harrison* 8 Dene, of Engl., p. 187. 

Calmewe, 1 «. A kind of sea 
caldmawe, j bird. 

Calmt, adj. Mothery. Eaut. 

Calset, 8. A causeway. 

Calsons,. 1 8. {Fr. eale^on.^'J 
CALSOUNDS, > Close linen trousers 
calzoons, j for men. 

Caltrop, (1) 8. (J.'N.) An im-' 
plement with four spikes, so con- 
trived that, in whatever direction 
it is thrown, one of the spikes 
always stands upwards. It was 
used against cavalry in war. 
(2) A kind of thistle. 

-Calts, 8. Quoits. Shrop8h. 

Caluz, adj. {A.'N.) Bald. Wt^ti^ 

Calybr, v. To prepare salmon, or 
other fish, in a peculiar way. 




Cahm^ folmon was a dainty 

oelebrated by oor old dfaniatists. 

Ca wVks-bbnob, f. A ctlf s pluck. 

Calvss-muooet, s. a pie made 

of the entraila of cthnet* 
Calvss-snowt, «. A plant, "Am- 

gallift liWettriB. Mttron Tiolet. 

roBildugat. Cah§8 in^wt:' HuL 
CaItTon, s. {Fr,) A stone or flint 

Cam, (1) «. A ridge, or oldeirthcn 
Diottud. North, 
(2) o^r. Crooked. 

To doe a thing deane hmmtt <Mt of 
' r, tkcwfODfwty. Co^fme. 

(S)adp, Awry. North. 

(4) jrrie^. /• Came. 
Caisaca, a. A sort of rich silk 

Cam AIL, 8, (1) (J.'N,) A cameL 

(2) A neckguard; the thickest 

part of the armour near the 

Camaliok, a. The camel-leopard. 
CAMAnADB, 9, (Fr,) A comrade. 
Cambbr, t. A harbour. South. 
Cambbr-mosb, 9, An aquiline nose. 
Camblb, v. To prate saucily. 

Cambbil, a. (1) The hod(. of an 


(2) The curved piece of wood 

on which butchers suspend the 

slaughtered animal. See GambrO. 
Cambuck, «. (1) The dry stalks of 

dead plants. But, 

(2) A game at ball. 
Oambubb, o^f. Hooked. 
Cambd, a4r. Covered. North. 
Cameunb, a. (^ .JV.) (1) A stuff 

made of camel's hair. 

(2) A kind of sauce. 
Camels, «. A nick-name for the 

natives of Cambridgeshire. 
Camebikb, t. Cambrick. 
Camil, a. Chamomile. Someroet. 
Camis, «. {A.'N.) A thin transpa* 

rent dress or robe. 

Camisado, 8, {Ital,) A white shirt 
or smock frock, which was ofUn 
worn by soldiers to know each 
other in a Bight attack* ^ To giv« 
a camiiodo, vis. to wear a white 
shirt over their armes, that thej 
may know one another in the 
dark." HoweU. 

Cam lb, t. A camelion. ifoiouiie. 

CAMMBB,a4^'. (1) Crooked. 
(2) Cross; illnatured. North. 
(d) Short nosed. 

Cammick, s. The'plant restharrow. 

CAMMi8H,a4f. Awkward. South. 

Cam MOCK, s. (1) A croaked tree 
or beam. 

(2) Timber prsparod ibr the 
knee of a ship. 

Thoogk tkt u m m a ei die safe it is 
W«red tke belter it is, jet the tov, the 
nwre it is bent aikioccupied, die weal^r 
it wueth. LiUy*$ Jiy Jtec*. 

Bitter the blossom when the fhiit is sour* 
And early crook'd (hat will a ettmoek be. 

J>ntgt. J7ci., 7. 

Camoisb, 1 0^. (J,'N. eamui.) 
CAMOsB, I Crooked; flat; ap- 
CAMUSBD, J plied to a nose. 

Camooch, s. a term of contempt. 

Camobochb, s. The wild tansy. 

Camp, (H v. (A.'$. eempati.) To 

Get esmpers a eaU^ 
To Mwy therewithaU. 

(2) 9. A game of ball,. formerly, 
practised in the Eastern counties. 

!S) V. To talk of anything. Lane* 
4) 8, A hoard of potatoes, tur- 
nips, &c. North. 

Campable, 04;. Able to do. North. 

Campanb, a^r*. Consisting of fields. 

Campbbjlnows, 8, Ale-pottage, 
msde vrith sugar, spices, &c 

Campbson, t. The gambison. 

Campestbiall, adj, {Lai.) Be* 
longing to the fields. 

Cample, v. To talk, or aigue ; to 
contend. Var.diaL 




CAunMm,9, A kind of wine. 
Cam pt, piiri.p, Sacauped. 
Cam 8TBBRis» a4r* Crazy. Nort^ 

Can, (1) the pMU #• of emme. 


[2) V. To be eble. 

[3) Began to; used at an auxi- 
liary b^ore Terbs in the infinitiTe 
to express a past tense. See Gan, 

CanaciN) 8* The plague. Boileif. 
wANAKiN, t. A small drinking can. 
Canaries, t. (fV.) A quick and 

lively dance^ in which the dancer 

someUmes used castanets. 
Canaat, (1) «. A kind of street 

wine, much used in the earlier 

(art of the 17th eenU 

Canatie'mHe, whidi beaieth the name 
of the islands from wheiicett if brought, 
is of some termed a sacke, with this 
a^net tweete; l^t yet very impro- 
perly, fat it differeik aot only from 
sacke in sweetnesse and pfesaantncss of 
tuCe, but alto in ecrfoor ud consistence, 
for it is not so white in colour as sack, 
nor 80 thin in substance ; wherefore it 
is more nutritire than sack, and less 
Vnmeri Via recta ad VU. hngam, 1683. 

[2) 9. To dance; to frolic. 

(3) 9. A sovereign. 

A kept mistress. North. 
Can-bottls, «. The long-tailed 

titmouse. Skropth, 
Cancardb, adj. Cankered. 
Cancelbba, ^i. (Fr. ehaneeller,) 
CANCBLi BR, J The tufu of a light- 
flown hawk upon the wing to 
recover herself, when she misses 
her aim in the stoop. 

The fierce and eager hawks down thrilling 
firom the skies, , ^ , 

Make snnd^ coMceUm ere they the fowl 
flan fmdL Ikmyt, Pofyott., xz. 

(2) To turn in flight. 

The partridge sprang. 
Be makes his stoop; but wanting breath, 

is forced 
Td mtedier; then with such speed, as if 
He carried lighfning in his wings, he strikes 
Tht tnmbling hucd. Mati, GuartL, i, 1. 

Cancsb, •< A pla*t of soom lumL 

Who taught the pool« beast haHng poison 

To seeke th' hsaitw eaitegrt and by thai te 

cure himf 
Who taught the %of« flndhif his Spirits 

To seeke a branch of ivy to assure him ? 
Grtat Sritaiuet froy«, 1609. 

Canch, t. A word used in the 
Eastern and Midland counties, 
and used to signify a small quan- 
tity of €om in the straw put 
into the comer of a bam i a short 
turn or spell at anything; a 
trench, cut sloping to a very 
narrow bottom; a certain breadth 
in digging or treading land, or in 
turning over a dung-bill. 

Cancro. (JtaL) A sort of impre- 

Candle, «. The pupil of the eye. 

Candle-bark, t. A round cylin« 
drieal box for candles. North. 

Candle-beam, 8. A chandelier. 
'* Candle-beame, suche as hangeth 
in gentlemens halles, with sock- 
ettes, to set candels upon, iSacu- 
futr." Huioet, 1552. 

Candlb-cap, 8. An old brimless 
hat, with a candle in front, used 
by butchers. North, 

Candlbgosteb, 8* Goose-grass. 

Candle-shears, «. SnufTers. 

Candling, «. A supper given hj 
landlords of alehouses to their 
customers on Candlemas-eve. 

Candock, f. A water-plant. 

Cane, 8. A small animal of the 
weasel kind. 

Caned, e4^'. Mothery. ToritM. 

Canel, «. (J.'N.) (1) A channel 
(2) The faucet of a barreL So^ 

'3) {J.'N.) Cinnamon. 
^4) A lot. JpoL LoiL, p. 93. 

Cane-tobacco, 8. ToImcco made 
up in a particular form, highly 
esteemed, and dear. 




The BOttrflt of his chimnies are still ttaffd 

With smoke nuire chargeable than com- 

tobacco. Merry Devil, O. PL, v, 257. 

— My boy (mce lighted 
A pipe of easu-U^aeco, with a piece 
; Of a vUe ballad. AU Fooh, 0. PI ,iy, 187. 

^en of tobacco he a pype doth lack 
Of Trinidade in cane, in leaf, or ball. 

Harringt. JBpig., iv, 34. 

Canob, V. To whine. North. 
Canglb, v. To entangle. North' 

Canoy, adj. Cross ; ill-tempered. 

t^ANiFFLB, V. To cUssemble ; to 

flatter. Devon. 
Cantons, s. Rolls at the bottom 

* of the breeches just below the 
knee, sometimes indented like a 

* screw. 

Cank, (1) V. To talk ; to cackle. 

(2) s. A gossip. 

(3) o. To persevere ; to over- 
come. Wiltt. 

(4) V. To be infested with can- 
kers. Northampt, 

(5) adj. Dumb. Yorkth. 
Canker, 8. (1) The common red 

field-poppy. East, 

(2) The dog-rose. 

(3^ A toadstool. Wett. 

(4) A caterpillar. South. 
Cankerfret, «. (1) Copperas. 
- (2) A sore or blister in the 

mouth. East. 
Cankerweed, t. The ragwort. 
Canke, v. To whine. Derbysh. 
Cankt, adj. Rotten, applied to 

stone. Northampt. 
Cannel, s. The collar, neck. 
Cannel-bone, 1«. The coUar- 
channel-bone, /bone. 
CaNniness, 8, Caution ; good con- 
duct. North. 
' Cannis, V To toss about carelessly 

from place to place. Comw. 
Cannt, (1) adj. Pretty; good ; neat. 

North. Canny-hinny,& sly person. 

(2) 9. To coax. Northamp. 
'Canon, 8. A portion of- a deceased 

man's goods exacted by the priest. 

Canons, 8. The first feathers of a 
hawk after she has mewed. 

Cansh,«. (1) A small mow of 

(2) A smaU pile of faggots, &e. 

(3) A strain. Shrcpsh. 
Canstick, t. A candlestick. 
Cant, (1) adj. Strong; hearty; 


(2) V. To recover, or mend. 

(3) V. To throw; to upset. 

(4) 8. An auction. North, 

(5) V. To let fall. Su88ejf. 

(6) t. A corner or division of a 

{7) 8. A small bundle of bay. 

(8) 8. A niche. 

The first and prindpal person in tiie 
temple was Irene, or Peace ; she was 
placed aloft in a cant. 

Jons., CorofuUion BntcrUdnm. 

Directly under her, in a cant by herself, 
was Arete inthroned. 

Decker, Entert. cfJamet I. 

(9) V. To humour, caress. Leic. 
(10; V. To backbite. Herqfordsh. 

(11) 9. To whine, or play the 

(12) 9. To set upon edge. East, 

(13) t. A company, or crowd. 

(14) «. A canter, or vagabond. 

(15) V. To divide. Tusser. 
CANTABANaui, 8. (ItaL) BalUd* 

Cantankerous, adj. Contentious. 
Cant-dog, 8. A handspike with a 

hook. North. 
Cantel, \8. {J.'N,) a comer or 
CANTLE, J angle ; a small piece Or 

portion of anything. 
Canteled. Different pieces of cloth 

worked together. Hall^Henry IV, 
Cantelino, t. A stake or pole. 

Canter, «. (1) One who cants, a 

vagrant or beggar. 



. . A rogae, 

A Tctj eaf»/«r I, «ir, one that maundi . 
Upon the pad. 

.. £. Jim., Staple of News, act iL 

Hey day 1 tnm'd canter.^ this becomes 
^ thee worse than fine dress and youthful 
cloths an old woman. There's scarce a 
nuu will talk thus throueh a grate. 

The Rrfirmation, 1673. 

(2) A pint jug. Norihamp, 
Canteiibuby, 8. A horse's canter. 
Cantino-qalleb. An auctioneer. 

Cantlk, 8. (1) The head. North. 
'" (2) The leg of an animal. North. 
Cantle-piece, t. The part of a 

cask into which the tap is driven. 

Nor thumb. 
Cantlt, adv. Strongly. Minot, 
Canton, v. To notch. 
Cant-rail» 8. A triangular rail. 

Cantbap, 8. A magic spell. North. 
Cantbed, 9. A term used in Wales 

and Ireland for a certain division 

of territory. 

8ur. Two knights fees make one a»i/r«it 
which after the first coroputationi 
amouateth to 3840 acres. Six eantrede 
11-26 maketh a baronv, S5600 acres, 
whose reliefe is 100 marks. One barony \ 
make an earldome 38400 acres whose 
reliefe is 100 pound. 

Nortlen'e Survejfors Dialogue, 1610. 

Cant^window, 8. A bow-window. 

Cantt, adf. Cheerful; talkative. 

Canyas, 8. To receive the canvas, 
i. 8., to be dismissed. The phrase 
is taken from the practice of 
journeymen mechanics who tra- 
vel in' quest of work with the 
implements of their profession. 
When they are discharged by 
their masters, they are said to 
receive the canvas or the b<tgt 
because in this their tools and 
necessaries are packed up prepa- 
ratory to their removaL 

I ha' promised him 
As much as marriage comes to, and I lose 
Hj honor, if the don receives the canvas. 
ShMejf, Brothers t act ii, p. 14 

Cantspas, t. A fire-pole. 
CANTT,a4^. Merry; cheerful. North,, 
Canyasado, t. A move in fencing. 
Cap, (1) v. To complete; to finish. 

(2) V. To overcome in argument ; 
' to puzzle any one. '^ 

(3) 8. A challenge to competition. 
(4; 8. A master or head. Cumb,^ 
(b) V. To arrest. 

(6) V. To mend shoes at the toe. 

(7) A shepherd's dog. /. Wight.^ 

(8) A man's cap was said to ake| 
when he was tipsy. ^ 

To walke and see a fiiend they both in- 

Soiuf two mile out of towne, and mem^ 

So firolique, till the husbands cap did akfi.^ 
Good Newes and Bad Ke«es,\%9»' 

Cap-of-maintenance, 8. A pecu* 
liar cap carried before a high 
dignitary on state occasions. 

About X. of the cloke afore none, the 
king come into the parlement chamber 
in ms parlement robes, and on his hed 
9i cap of mayntenaunce, and sat in lii^ 
most royall mi^est4 

MS. Cotton., Jul. C, Ti, foL 256, i". 

Capable, adj. (Lat.) Comprehend 

CAPAi>08, t. (A.'N.) A hood. 
Cap-case, 8. A small travelling 

case, or band-box. **A bag: a 

wallet : a port^m^nteau : a ag^ 

case.*' Nomenclator, 
Cape, s. (1) The coping of a wall. 


(2) The sleeve of a coat. 
Cape-cloak, s. A Spanish cloak. 
Capbl,«. The horn joint connecting 

the two parts of a flail. Devon., 
Capbllinb,«. a skull-cap of steel. 
Capeb-cousins, t. Great friends. 

Capeedew8ie,«. The stocks. But' 

ler. ^ 

Capeblash, 8, Abusive language. 

Capes, «. Ears of com broken otf 

in thrashing. North. 
Capha, «• A kind of damask dotli* 

Capilomb, t. TIm drwBfUBM of 
0B« iet of ratpen Mof to fiur in 
•dTtnoe of the other w to be 
out of sight hy Ihe interrention 
ofahiUovme. NortK 

Capirotadb, 9, Stewed oliiDe* 

Cavitaixv, f . (J^N,) A ceptei*. 

Capitlb, 8. (Lot ) A duipter or 

Gapu, t. A boivf r See GywA 

Cavuno» «. The cap of » fleU. 

Cap-monkt, 0, Money gntbered 
for the hwitvioaii at the death of 
the fox. 

Gapocohia, «. (ffat) A loel i •■ 

Cavon, 9. (1) A letter. SMt, 

(2) A red-herring. Kent, 
CAPoir-BiifL, «. The peuing-belL 
Caponet, 9. A small capon. 
Capon's-pbatue, 9, The colum- 

Cappadochio, t. A cant term for 

a prison. 
Cap-papbh, f. A eoarae lort of 

brownish paper. 
Cappb, ». A cope, Pr> Porv. 
Cappbl, 9, To n^end or top ahoe^ 

Cappbr, (1) V, To chop the haods. 


(2)9. To coagulate ( to wnokle. 

(3) f. A cap-maker. 
Cappt>hox4P, «, A kind of game* 
Capbifolb, f • The honeysuckle, 
Caprxolb, f. A hidy'9 bead-drefs. 
Caprick, 9, A aort of wine, 
CAPSf 9, (1) AU 89rta of fongi. 


(2) Hoodsheaves of coni«abo<du. 

Cap-scrbbd, 9. The rim of % cap. 

Capsizb, v. To torn over, 
Captaiit, (i4r. Qhief ; more 93PeeU 

lent. Shak. 
Capvocio, «, A bpod, S^^enwr. 


!, It. (ii..jv:] 

OAPBL, ^t. (J,»N.) A hone. 


Capul, 9. A domestic hen. 
Cab, (1) «. (^..5.) A rock. 

(2) 9. A wood or grove on a 
moist soil, generally of alden. 

(3) 9. Any hollow place or 

(4) V. To carry. Somih, 

(6) 9, A hottle or keg of one or 

two gallons. Leie, 

(6) «. A gutter. Lkw. 
CABABiira,«. A sort of light eaPtbTt 

in the 16th cent.» armed wi^ 

Cabacol, 9. The half turn whieh 

a horsemaa makes on ^tber 

CABAATBf, If. (,4,'N) Charao* 
CABBcns, J ters ; figures ; applied 

espedally to eharactera for magi* 

eal purposes. 
Caraob, 9. (ji,'N.) Meaawre; 

CAJaAiNG, 1 f. {J,'N) A carcase. 
CABBTNB, > Caronye9, carcaiea. 
CABOiMOy J Bob, Gloue. 
Cabavbi., 1 f. (F^. earmfeUe,) A 
c ABTBtt > light round ship, with 
CABVBiL, J a square poop, rigged 

and fitted out like a galley. 
Cabawatb8,«. Comfits made with 

caraway seeds. 
C abbbbbt, 9, A gooseberry. North, 
Cabbokul, 9. A carbuncle. 
Cabbonado, (I) t. A steak cat 

crossways for broiling. 

(2) V. To broil. 
Cabcakbt. See Carkmnet. 
Cabcblaob, 9. Prison fees. 
Cabd, (1) adj. Crooked. North, 

\2) 9, A chart. 

;3) f. The mariner's compass. 

We're all like lea eardtf 
AD our eiMleavoiira and our motiont, 
As they do tQ the north, still point at 
beaatj. B.j'Fl^C1umce»,\,\L 

(4) P. To mix bod and good 





these ; for that by themielTea tbey 
iinll not utter, to nwncle vad to eari 
vitli tlie apostles' do^&ioea, |(c., that 
■C ^e least yet he may so vent them. 

Ton eard your beer, if yon see yonr 

faests begm to b« anuu, half (Ui»U, 
qjf stronfip. 
0nm^» quipjbrm Up$t. Courtier, 1630. 

(ft) TospettkbyiheeofdtioBguik 
yniih gp'eat exactnesi. 

CAmDKR, t. (1) A card pkjer. 
(2) A jackdaw. SuJTolk. 

Cakdbw, t. An alderkar. 

^Aj^DiACLs, f. (Or.) A disease af- 

. felting the heart. 

Cardicue, 8, (corrupted from Fr, 
quart d'^cu,) The fourth part of 
a freuch ctowb, abont fifteen-* 
pence. The other is the spelling 

Did I not yetter-momisg 
Bring jan, in a MriMw<ii«r« Ikmn ^tut pcsr 
' Mnt, 
^Hioee ass I'd drircn aside? 

B. ^ K., Bloody Brother, iv, 8. 

Cardinal, (I) «. A liquor drunk in 

the Uniyer«ity,m«delike bishop. 

ei(cept that cUiret if substituted 

for port fvipe^ 

(fi) f , A kii^4 of cloak, ui £Mbi(m 

about 1760. 
QA^mifJ^'TKiUiST, 9. ACprpisl^ 

^b» the three-tailed ra^> Borlose. 
Qarb, f. (I) Grief; vexi^tioiu 

(2) Tne inountain-ash. Betum. 
CaiM(-awaTB8« ». Caraways. 

¥al» if a storms ^o«]d |i«a (by night or 

Of sogar-snowes, an^ haile of eare-a-wnee. 
^ DamiB, Sfowfse ^IVfy, 1611. 

pyVI^B-CAKE, 8. A pancake. North, 

ipARE-CLOTHf «, A square doth 

formerly held over tbe head of a 

bride by four men. 

£l4|LEC|iiN| adv. Cheerfully. North* 

Careful, adj, (A.-S.) Sorrowful, 
Caiueire, 8. \Fr.) The short turn- 
ings of a nimble horse ; the move- 
ments of a drunken man. 
Carsb, i. A sie?e. Derby8hm 

Carewars, «. A cart Nortk. 
Carf, (1) pret. t. Car?ed. 

(2) «. The breadth ef one eufti 

ting in a rick of hay. KeiU, 
Carfax, 8, {A,'N,) A meeting of 

four road*. 
Cargo, 8, A bully or brayo. 
Cah-hano, f. The left hand. 

Caribn, 9. (^.-&) To carry. 
Caries, 8, (A.'N,) Carats of gold 
Carine, (1) f. The bottom of a 


(2) 9. To plek or pmiie ti»9 

feathers. Leie. 

Let mf} see^ says madam, Where's my 
oorast r iMy mWim this, fivonrite. 

Ladiee JHetwnmr^, 1694 

Cark, (1) 8, (J,'S,) Cave ; anxiety. 

(2)ff. To be careful and diligent, 

'3) adj. Stiff. Leie. 

[4)8. Forty tod of wooL 
Carkanet, 1 
CARCANET, V 8. (Fr.) Anecklace. 



As rings, and stones, and eearteaetit^ 
To make them please the eye. 

^rifTfiUe's Tra^ifoU Toto^lSST, 

Abgot his necke a earknet rich he ware 
Of predons stones all set in gold well tried. 

Harr. Ariott., vii, 47. 

About thy nedc a earkanet is bonnd 
Made vA the ntbie, pearl, and diamond. 

Berriek, p. 8Ql 

Carl, t . (A.^S.) A churi ; a bond- 
man ; a clown. 

Carl-cat, «• Atom->eat. North, 

Carline, 8, A term applied to an 
old woman. North. 

Carlino, #. A penguin. 

Carlings, 8. Grey peas, steeped 
all night in water, and fried the 
next day with butter, eaten on 
Palm Sunday, formerly called 
Carling Sunday. North. 

Carlish, a4;* Churlish. North, 

Carlot, 9. A rustic, or churl. 

Carmes, 9. (A.'N.) Carmeiiti 

Carnadimb, i. The camatioB. 





Carnbl, 8. (I) (ji.'N,) A bat. 
(2) A dish in cookery. 

Ctuma of pork. Tdce the bnwnn of 
•WTDC. Parboile it, and jmnde it unale, 

- ana alay it up with jouum of ayrenn. 
Set it orer the fyre with white grtectt 
and lat it not seeth to fast. Bo there- 
inne safronn and powdor Jbrt, and mease 

' it forth; and cast thereinue powdor- 
Ibrt, and serve it forth. Ibn^qfCtaj. 

Carnbt, v. To coax. Var, d. 
Cari^ifbx, «. (Lat.) A scoandreL 
Cabnilatb, ff. To build houses 

with battlements. 
Oarnill, 8, Kernel. Heywood, 

CAnNosmr, 8. {Lot,) Fleshiness. 
■ " Camotitye or anye thynge that 

is fleasbye." Htdoet. 
Caroch, 8. (fV*.) A large coach. 

Hare with them for the great eturoeht six 

And tiie two coachmen, with my ambler 

And my three women. 

B, J(m».t Da, it on M$, It, 8. 

Caroionb, t. See Caramg, 
Carol, (1) t. {A.-N,) A dance. 

(2) V, To dance. 

(3) 8. A closet or small study. 
' Carol-vnndoWf a bow-window. 

Carouse, a. A bumper. 

Kext he devoured up a loyne of veale. 
Upon fonre capons then his teeth did 

And sent them downe into his pudding 

So tooke Uie enp, and drinking a eonwutf. 
Fell to his rabets, and dispatching: fonre. 
Bowlandtt KnoMofSf. omdD., 1613. 

Carp, a. (I) (A.'N.) Speech ; con- 
(2) Noise $ tnmult. 

Carpe, v. {A.»N.) To talk. 

Carpbt-kniohts, 8. Knights dnb- 
bed at court by favour, instead 

. of for distinguished military ser- 
vices. Hence, an effeminate 

Bnt as ftnr yoa, your cloaths are fieh aiii 

Of pui^le hues, embroidered all most lUre, 
Signes of your lazie mindes; and your 

In wanton dancings ai^ fond carpet' 

In jackets short, with sleeves most delicate, 
And hflJTfhftg, bongrace, most effeminate. 


Carpets, a. Covers for tables or 

Carfbt-shiblo, a. An effeminate 


Can I not tooch some upstart earpet-shidA 
Of Lolio's Sonne, that never saw the field ?. 

BalFs Sai., iv, 4. 

CARPET-sauiRB, 8. Au effeminate 

For that the valiant wiU defend her fame. 
When carpet sqmree will hide their headi 
with shame. 

TurbeniU^t TragieaU Take, 1667. 

Carpbt-standing, a. A small 
piece of rich carpet, for royal 
and noble personages. 

Carpet-wat, a. A green sward. 

Carpmbals, a. A coarse sort of 
cloth made in the North of Eng- 
land in the reign of James I. 

Carpnel, a. A kind of white cot- 
ton cloth. 

Carr, a. A sort of black fibrous 
material washed up by the sea in 
heavy gales, and used for fuel. 

Carraok, a. A Spanish galeon; 
any vessel of great value and 
size. At an earlier period the 
name was given to smaller 

Carrans, a. Buskins or covering 
for the feet and legs, cut out of 
the raw hide. /. Man. 

Carrbct, 8. A carat of gold. 

Carrbfocr, 8. (Fr.) A i^ace 
where four ways meet. 

Carrel, s. Fustian cloth. 

Carriage, a. (1) A drain. Wilts.' 
(2) A belt to carry a whetstone 
behind the mower. 




Carrock, t. A heap of stonei for 

a boundary-mark. PnoriK 
Carrossk, t. {Fr,) A coach. 
Carroy, #. (a,'N.) a square or 

body of soldiers. 
Carry, v. (I) To drive. Crwetu 
■ (2) To recover. Nwth, 

(3) To carry coals, to submit to 

any indignity. 
Carry-castlk, #• An elephant, 

- 60 cIoeely'ambaBhtalniMt every day. 
To watch tlie carry outle, in his way. 

Du Baria*. 

C arrt-merrt, 9, A kind of sledge 
for conveying goods from one 
warehouse to another. Somertet 

Carry-plbck, #. A boggy place, 
the water of which leaves a red 
sediment. Lane, 

Carry-talk, ». A tale-bearer. 

Carrtwitchkt, a. See CoT" 

Carsby, t. Kersey. 

Carsick, a. The kennel or gutter. 

Cart, #. (^.-5.) A chariot, or car. 

Cart-brrad, a. Bought bread. 

.Carted, adj. Not considered; 
equivalent to '' put on the shelf." 

Carter, a. (A,»S.) A charioteer. 

•CARTHAOINB3, t. A caut term for 

, cart-horses. 

Cartlb, 9. To dip, or cut round. 

Cart-loosb, a. A cart-rut. North, 

•Cartly, adv. Rough; unman- 
nerly. North. 

Cart-rake, «. A cart-track. Estex. 

Cart-sadel, a. The saddle placed 
on the horse in the shafts. 

Carve, (1) a. A plough land. 

(2) 9. To grow sour, or curdle. 

(3) 9. To cot ; to slice. 
Carvel, a. (1) A small ship, or 


(2) A prostitute. 

(3) {A.'N.) A basket; achickeo- 

coop. North. 
Carvett, a. A thick hedge-row. 

Carvis-cakbs, a. Flat round 

oatmeal cakes, with caraway 

Carvist, a. A young hawk. 
Car-water, a. Chalybeate water. 

Carwhichet, 1 . 

carrywitchbt, J ^ 

All the foul i* the fair, I mean all the 
dirt in Smitkfield,— that's one of Master 
Littlewit's earwhichets now, — will be 
thrown at our banner today, if the 
matter does not please the people. 

B. Jons , Bartk. Fairy v. 1. 

Sir John had always his budget full of 
panns, conundrums, and earrawxtchttSy 
^-at which the king lau^ht till his sides 
crackt. Jrbutknot, JHssert. onDum^lirig. 

Cart, a. A sort of coarse cloth. 
Caryb, 9. To go. 
Carystye, a. {Lat,) Scarcity. 
Cas, a. (1) {A.'N.) Chance; 


(2) A case. 
Casardly, adv. Unlucky. North. 
Casbalo, a. A term uf contempt. 
Cascade, 9. To vomit. 
Case, (1) 9. To skin an animal: 

to strip. 

(2) a. A kind of fish, somewhat 

like a char, but not so much 

esteemed. Nice Uton.. and Burh'$ 

West, and Cumb., i, 185. 
Caselings, s. The skins of beasts 

that die by accident. Chesh, 
Caselty, adj. Uncertain ; casual. 

Casemund, a. A casement. Hey^ 

wood, 1556. 
Case-worm, a. The caddis. East. 
Cashe, 9. To cashier. 
Casibrs, a. Broad wide sleeves. 

C Asi N OS, a. Dried cow-dung used 

for fueL North. 




Casks, adj. Strong. 
Casket, «. A sUlk, or stem. North, 
Caspere, 8. The plant cardiac 
Cassabullt, t. The winter cress. 

Casse, (1) 9. (J.-N,) To discharge; 

to cashier; to disband. 

(2) 8, An earthworm. Florio, 
Cassiasistrb, 8. A plant, the 

cassia fistula. Gerard, 
Cassock It. (Fr.) A loose out- 
CASSAQUE, J ward coat. 
Casson, 8. Beef. Dekker, 
Cassydonts, 8» The calcedony. 
Cast, (1) v. To speak; to address. 

(2) V. To intend. 

(3) V. To contrive. 

(4) V. To consider; to de- 

(5) 8. Chance; opportunity. 

(6) V. To bring forth prema* 
turely, said of beasts. Shrqpih. 

(7) ». To Tomit. 

(8) r. To empty. 

(9) part. p. Thwarted; de- 
feated. Shropsh. 
{\0)part.p. Warped. North. 
(11)9. To choke one's self with 
eating too fast. North. 

(12) 9. To yield; to produce. 

(13) 9. To add up a sum; to 

(14) 9. To think; to cogitate. 

(15) 9. A second swarm of bees 
from one hive. 

(16) 9. A brace or couple. 

(17) part. p. Cast off; thrown 

{IS) part. p. Plotted; devised. 

(19) 9. (A..S.) A stratagem; a 

(20) f. A flight of hawks. 

(21) V. To set a hawk on a 

(22) 9. To purge a hawk. 

(23) When hounds check, and 
the huntsman tries to recover 

the scent by taking the hounds 
round about the spot, he is said 
to ea8t them. 

(24) 9. To rectify or correct A 
compass. Pabg. 

(25) 9. To arrange or dispose. 

(26) To ea8t yp, to upbraid. 
North. Also, to forsake. Toeaai 
a/ore, to forecast. "I cast my 
peny worthes, Jepowyeete / whan 
I have all caste my penyworthesy 
I maye put my wynnyng in myn 
eye." Pahgrave. To eatt 5e- 
yomd the moon, to attempt im- 
possibilities ; also, to indulge in 
wild thoughts and conjectures. 
To ea8t water,to find out diseases 
by the inspection of urine. 

(27) 9. To groan. Warw. 

(28) t. (J.'S.) Strife; oon. 

(29) 9. To condemn. 

(30) 8. A small portion of bread. 
Castelbt, t. (A.'N.) A turret. 
Casteixb, t. (a.^N.) a large ds« 

Caster, ». (1) A cloak. Dekker. 

(2) A cow that casts her calf. 

(3) To come the caster,yv/i(er». 

Abating that expreaaion, I should have 
•worn that thou and I •honldhaveoMM 
tks eoiter with her by tuma. 

Howard, Man cfNtmwutrket, 1878. 

Castes, s. An instrument for 
punishing schoolboys with a 
blow on the palm of the hand. 

Castino-bottlb, s. a bottle for 

casting, or sprinkling, perfumes ; 

a fashionable luxury in the days 

of Elizabeth. Sometimes called 

a ea8tinff-gla8». 

Pray Jove the perfiuned eourtien keep 
tbeir eoiting^ttUt, pick. t ootns, ana 
shittlecocka from you. 

B. Jams., (]V**^At«*«£0v., i,L 

Vaith. ay : hia dvet and hit catting^UtM 
Have helpt him to a place aroon(( the reat. 
B. J<m.y Bw. U. una ^H., iv, 4 

, Castlb, Sc K sort of close heltnet. 





Castlbward, «. A tax laid on 
tliose dwelliog within a certain 
distance of a castle, for the sup- 
port of the garrison. 

Castling, t. A calf bom before 
its time. 

Gastock, t. The heart of a cabbage. 

Castor, t. {Lat.) A lieaver. 

Castrkl, 8. {A,'N.) An inferior 

kind of hawk. 

Like as the sparrov, from thteaslr^ ire. 
Made his aavlam in the wise man's fist. 
Foem addreued to lady J)mke» 15M. 

Cat, t. (1) A mess of coarse meal, 
clay, &c., placed in dove-cotet, 
to allure strangers. Eoit* 

(2) A ferret. St^oik. 

(3) A game played among ooyt 
with sticks, and a small piece of 
wood, rising in the middle, so as 
to rebound when struck on either 

(4) A stand formed of three 
pieces of wood or iron, crossing 
and united in the centre, to place 
before the fire for supporting a 
plate of bnttered toast. 

(5) (From a common usage of 
the Fr. chat.) Pudendum f. 

(6) Mentula. Somenet. 

(7) A shed to protect soldiers 
while lying ready to attack. 

Cataoupb, 8. {Cfr,) A cataract. 
Cataian, m. a sharper. 
Catapucb, t. {A.'N.) A kind of 

CAT-ARLB8,t. Au eruptlve disordcr 

of the skior North. 
Catatl, 8, A sort of vesseL Bieh' 

ard C. de L. 
Cat-bbaolb, t. A swift kind of 

CAT-BiLL,t. A woodpecker. North, 
Cat-blasb, a. Any tliin liquid, as 

weak tea. Line. 
(Dat-boils, t. Small boils. North' 

Cat-brain, t. A sort of rough day 

miied with stone. Wttii* 

Cat-call, t. A sort of whistle. 
Catch, (1) #. A few hairs drawn 

out of a knot or bunch, woven 

in the silk. 

(2) «. A sort of ship. 

(3)t. The eye of a link. 

Orbieolus. &v^. Maille. The male, the 
eatekt or rundle through which the 
hitchet paaseth and is fastened with the 
toong 01 the buckle: aloope. 

Nomendator, 1685. 

(4) To catch copper^ to take 
harm. To Ue vpon the catchy to 
seek an opportunity. 

I hopeyon do not Ue vpoH the eatek ta 
weary and tire me out, by putting more 
upon me then a horse it able to endure. 
■nd then go about to hang me, because 
I, through tiredness, want bodily 
strength and abilities to make and pro- 
nonnoe my defence. EngUik Wortkiet. 

To catch afeU. A weaver is said 
to have cmtght a feU when he 
finishes his piece, because thera 
is always a small portion wove 
beyond the actual termination 
of the piece, for the purpose of 
securing the remainder of the 
warp alter the finished work is 
cut out. 

Catch-cornbb, t. A well-known 
child's game. 

Catchbd, adj. Entangled. Beds. 

Catchbrbl, t. A catchpole. Pr. P, 

Catoh-land, 1. Border-land, of 
which the tithe was disputable, 
and taken by the first daimant 
who could catch it. Norf, 

Catch-watbr, «. A reservoir of 
water in a newly-erected com- 
mon. Somerset. 

Catcht, adj. Disposed to take ad- 

Cats, v. To ba lecherous. North, 

Catbl, t. {A.'N.) Goods; property; 
treasure, or money. 

Catbr, v. To cut diagonally. 

Catbr-cousin, t. (1) An iutimato 
(2) A parasite. 

Catbrbynis, 8, (J.'N,) Quadrainsf 




Caterpillar, t. A cockchafer. 

ipATERBAMBL, V. To hoUoW OUt. 


Catkrsnozzlbd, parL p. ^if-zag. 

Catkrt, 8, The place where pro- 
visions were kept. 

Cates, i. Provisions. 

In a plaine country greeting be invited 
us to driuke and *ente with him such 
cates as the house aiforded. 

Bowlejft Searehfor Money, 1609. 

Cat-gal LOWS, #. A child's game. 

Cathammed, adj. Awkward ; 
clumsy. South. 

Ca'^-ixaws, t. Common haws. 

C..THEDRAL, t. A ballv. Lmc. 

Cather, 9. A cradle. North. 

Cat-hip, t. The bumet rose. 

Cat-ice, t. Ice from which the 
water has receded. Northampt. 

Cat-in-pam, t. A turncoat, Or de- 
serter from his party; to tnm 
cat-in-pan, to be a turncoat. 

Our fine phylosopher, our trimme leained 

Is gone to see as false a spie as himselfe. 
Damon smatters as well as he of eraftie 

And can tourne etU in the patme very pre- 

But Carisophns hath given him sadi a 

mightie cliecke. 
As I thiuke in the ende win breake bis 

necke. Damon and Piihias, p. S06. 

Thus may ye see to tnme the cat in the pan, 
WbrkeeqfJ. Heiwood, 1596. 

Catling, «. The string of a lute or 

"riolin, made of cat-gut. 
Catmallisons, #. Cupboards near 

chimneys for dried beef and 

provisions. North. 
Catrigged, adj. Badly creased; 

applied to linen. North. 
Cats and kittens, t. The bios* 

soms of the salix. 
Cats-cradle, t. A children's 

game, with string twisted on the 


Cats-foot, t. Ground ivy. NoriJL 
Cats-head, t. (1) A kina of po« 

rous stone found in coal pits. 

(2) A sort of apple. 
CATs-HEER,t. "Cattet'heere, other* 

wyse called a felon. Furtmeubu" 

Catso, #. (ItaL eazzo.) A low 

term of reproach; a rogue; a 

base fellow, Catzeriet cheating, 


And so cunningly tempOTize with this cna- 
ning eateo. IFily beguiled, O. PI. 

— And looks 
Like one that is employed in catzerie 
And crosbitingi such a rogue, 8lc. 

Jew qf Malta, 0. PL, viii, 874. 

Cats-smerb, t. An old name of a 

plant, azungia. 
Cats-tail, a. (1) The catkin of 

the hazel or willow. 

La flenr de noyer semblable h la qaene 
d'nn rat, minons in Gallia Narbonensi. 
The cats tailes on nuUtrees, the long 
bud hanging like a long worme or acr 
glet. Nomenelator, ISbS. 

(2) The plant horsetail. 

(3) A sore place, or fester. Co^- 

CaT'Stairs, f. Tape, &c., twiated 
to resemble stairs. North. 

Cattbr, 9. To thrive. North. 

Catton, 9, To thump. North. 

Catwhin,!. The dog-rose. North. 

Cat-with-two-tails, ». An eaip 
wig. North. 

Catwitted, ad/. Silly and con- 
ceited. North. 

Cauch, t. A nasty mixture. Devon. 

Cauci, 1 f . {A.'N.) A causeway^ 
CAUc£, J or road. 

Cauciour, t. A surveyor. Cttm^, 

Caud, a^. Cold. North. 

Caudebbc, t. A hat of French 
fashion, used in England about 

Caudel, It. (J.'N.) A iort of 
CAWDEL, J pottage. 

Chykens in oawdet Take chykenas, 
and boUa hem in gode I roth, and xanuM 




up. Tlienne take jolkes of ayren, 
f tnd the broth, and alye it togedre. Do 
thereto powdor of gynger, and sugar 
ynowh, safronn, ana salt ; and set it 
over the fyre withoute boyllynge, and 
•erve the chykens hole, other y>broken, 
and lay the sowe onoward. 


Cawdd ferry. Ifake floer of paynde- 
mavn and gode wyne ; and drawe it to- 
gydre. Do thereto a grete Quantity of 
sugar ejpn, or hony clarified : and do 
thereto safronn. Boile it, and whan it 
is boiled, aly(>! it up with jolkes of ayren, 
and do thereto salt, and messe it torth, 
and lay thereon sugar and powdor gyn- 
ger. Ibrme ojCuryy p. ll. 

Cavdel rennyng. Take vemage, or other 

Ede swete wyne, and 5olkes of eyren 
ten and streyned, and put therto 
auger, and colour hit with saffron, and 
•etne hit tyl hit begyn to boyle, and 
strawe ponder of ginger theron; and 
serve hit forthe. Jfarner, p. 82. 

Caudbrne, 8. A caldron. 

Cauolb, «. Any slop. Devon. See 

CxuD-PiEt t. •*. e.f Cold pie; t dis- 
appointment or loss. North* 

Cauolb, v. To quarrel. North, 

Cauk, $. {A.'N,) Limestone. Ea»t, 

Caul, i. (1) A spider's web. 
<2) A swelling. North. 

Cauld, «. A dam-liead. North. 

Cauls, #. (1) The filament inclos- 
ing the brain. '* Les covertures 
de la ceryelle. The caule9 or 
filmes of the braine." Nomenelat. 
(2) A coif. "Whereismycaafe; 
Ou est mon escofion?" The 
French Alphabet ^ 1615. 

Caumpersomb, a4A Lively; play- 
ful. Derbysh. 

Caumy, adj. Qualmy, Northampt 

Caup, v. {A.'S. ceapian,) To ex- 
change. North. 

Cauphe, «. Coffee. 

The Tartars have a drink not good at 
meat called eauphe, made of a berry as 
bigge as a smHil beane, dryed in a fur- 
nace and beat to powder of a soote eo- 
ioar, in taste little bitterish, tliat they 
seeth and drinke hot as may be en- 
dured ; it is good ail houres of the day, 
bat especially morning and e^'ening, 
wh«B to that purpose they eatertaine 

themselves two or three honret fa 
eauphe-honseSt which in all Tiirkey 
abound more then inues and aleliouses 
with us. 

BlutU^M Voyage in the Levant^ 1650. 

Cauponatb, 9. {Lat.) To hold an 

Caury, adj. {A.-N) Worm-eaten. 
Cause, conj. Because. 
Causey, «. {A.-N.) A causeway^ 

of which it is the more correct 

Caush, «. A feudden declivity* 

Causidick, 8. (Lat.) A lawyer. 
Cautel, t. {A.'N.) A cunning 

Cautelous, adj. Artful ; cautiousi 
Caution, e. A pledge ; a surety. 
Cave, (1) v. To tilt up. Shrapth. 

(2) To fall in, as earth when 

(3) To rake ; to separate. South* 

(4) To thrash corn^ 

(5) ». A cabbage. North. 
Cateare, t. The spawn of a kind 

of sturgeon pickled, salted, and 
dried, which was formerly con- 
sidered a great dainty. 

Cavbl, (1) 9. To divide or allot 
(2) t. A part or share. North. 

Cavenard, 9. {A.'N) A term of 

Cavbrsyn, t. (A.'N) A hypocrite, 

Cavill, 9. A coif, or caule. 

Her golden loekes like Hennus sands, 
(Or then bright Hermus brighter) 

A spangled eoviU binds in with bands, 
Then silver morning lighter. 

England HeUcon, 161i. 

Cavillation, 9. (Lat.) A cavil- 
ling; a quibble in law. *' Cavils 
lotion, or sufotvle forged tale. 
CaviUatio:* Huloet. 

Caving, «. Refuse swept from the 
threshing floor. East. 

Cavous, adj. Hollow ; full of cav^. 

Caw, (I) t. The lot in theeptt 




(2) V. To bring forth a lamb. 

(3) V. To gasp for breath. Devon, 
Caward, adv. Backward, 
Cawbaby, #. An awkward, shy 

bov. Devon. 
Cawdaw, 1. A jackdaw. North. 
Cawdlb, f. Entanglement ; con* 

fusion ; also a mining term for a 

thick and muddy fluid. Comw. 
Cawdrifb, 9. A shivering feeling. 

Cawdt-ic AWDT, f. The Royston 

crow. Northampt. 
Cawb, v. (A.'N.) To go, or walk. 
Cawv, «. An eeUbox. Eatt* 
Cawftail, «. A dunce. Lane. 
Cawhand, a. The left hand. North. 
Cawkkn, v. To breed, applied 

especially to hawks. 
Cawkt, adj. Frnmpish. Line. 
Cawl, (\) s. a swelling from a 

blow. Yoriah. 

(2) V. To do work awkwardly. 


13) t. A coop. Kent. 
4) $. A sort of silk. 
(5)». To bully. North. 

Cawm, v. In Derbyshire, the rear- 
ing of a horse is called eawming. 

Cawnkt, «. A silly fool ; a hidf 
idiot. Berka. 

Cawnsb, a. A pavement. Dewm. 

Cawtb, adj. Cautious. 

Caxon, a. A worn-out wig. So^ 

Cay, v. To caw, as a crow. 

Cayn, 8. A nobleman. 

Caynard, a. {A.'N.) A rascaL 

Cayrb, v. To go ; to come. Caperit 
comers. Morte Arthwre. 

Cays BR, It. {A.^S.) An empe- 
CAYSBRB, f ror. 

CArxEFBT^, a. (A.'N.) Wretched- 

Cayvar, a. A kind of ship. K. 
Aliaaunder, 6062. 

Cazami, a. The centre or middle 
of the sun; an astrological 

Caitb,|mv/. <• Caught Rob. QUme. 

Cbacc, t. A layer of earth, straw, 

&C. Notf. 
Cbasb, tr. To die. Shaheap, 
Cbatb, a. A membrane. 
Cbcchik, a. An Italian coin, a 

Cbdulb, t. A schedule. 
Cbb, a. The sea. 
Cbob, t. A seat. See Sege. 
Cbgob, a. The water flower de-lnee» 

See Seff9^' 
Cbisb, v. (A.'N.) To seise. 

^Hi^^H!: !•• A sort of sknU-cap. 
cblatb, J "^ 

Cblaturb, t. {A.'N.) The under* 

surface of a vault ; the oeiling. 

Cblb, (U adj. Happy. See Sele^ 

52) a. (A.'N) a canopy. 
3) t. Time ; season. See SHe. 

(4) V. A term in fslconry. " I 

eele a hauke or a pigyon or any 

other foule or byrde, whan I sowe 

up their eyes for caryage or other* 

wyse." Palagrave. 
Celbbrious, a. {A.-N.) Famous. . 
Cel^d, part. p. (1) Decorated by 

sculpture or painting. 

(2) Wainscoted. 
Celbb, adj. Strange ; wonderfuL 
Cblbrbr, t. (Lat) The oflScer in a 

monastery who had the care of 

the provisions. 
Cblbstimb, a. A kind of plunket 

or coloured cloth, with broad 

Cbllar, a. {A.'N.) A canopy, 

especially of a bed. '* Cellar for 

a bedde, eiel de lit.** PaUgraw. 
Cbllb, a. {Lat.) A religions house. 
Cblsituob, a. {Lat.') Highness. 
Cblwylly, adj. Unruly. Pr. P. 
Cemb, a. A quarter of com. Pr. P. 

See Seam. 
Cbmmbd, adj. Folded ; twisted. 
Cemy, a4J. Subtle. Pr. Parv, 
Cbmclbffb, a. The daffodiL 
Cbndal, a. {A.'N. aendal.) A sort 

of rich silken stuff, which 

much prized. 
Cknx, a. (I) A sort of sanoa. 




(2) An assembly. Pabgrave, 
Gbn8, 8. Incense. To eenMe^ to 

sprinkle with incense. 
Cbnser, t. An incense pot ; a bottle 

for sprinkling perfames. 
Cbnsurb, (1) a, {Lat) Judgment ; 


Truly, madam, he snffan fai my eenmn 
eqnal with yoar ladyships, and I think 
him to be a bundle of vanity, otherwiaa 
called a fop in extraordinary. 

iHiffty, IM tum'd Oritiek, 

(2) V. To judge; to give an 

They doflfe their upper garmmtit each 

Unto her milke-whito linnen smocks to 

bare her, 
8maU difference twist their white snoeks 

and their skins, 
And hard it were to emture which were 

fiurer. GtmU Britaifui Troye^ 1609. 

Cbmt, «. A game at cards, supposed 
to have resembled picquet, and 
so called because 100 was the 

Cbntbmbb,«. An officer command- 
ing a hundred men. 

Cbmto, f. {Lat.) A patchwork. 

Cbntby-gaeth, a. The cemetery of 
a monastery. 

<'"""-'»°J' ]••• A gwne .t card.. 


I at cards play'd with a girl, 
Rose by name, a dainty pearl t 
At eentV'foot I oft'n moved 
Her to love me, whom I loved. 

2>n(iilr«ii BwtuAff, 

Cbout, V. To bark. Skrop$h, 
Cbp, v. To catch a balL Norik. 
Cbpb, t. A hedge. 
Cbphbn, f. The male, or young 

CBBADENByt. A fresh*witer muscle. 

Cbrcle, v. {A,*N,) To surround. 
Cbrbmonibs, f. Prodigies. Shaietp. 
Cerob, t. (i^.-iV.) A wax taper. 
Cbrkb, t. A shirt. See Sari^ 
Cbrn, V, To concern. Shake^^ 
Cbrnoylb, «. Honeysuckle. 
Cbrsb, v. To cease. Norih, 
Cbrtacion, «. Aaauranoe^ 

Certain, adip. Certainly. Chameer 

Certed, adj. Certain ; firm. 

Certes, adv» {A,*N.) Certainly, 

Cbrt-monet, f. Head money or 
common fine, paid yearly by the 
residents of several manors to 
the lords thereof. BUnaU. 

Cbrvsb, 9. Ceruse or white-lead^ 
used by ladies for painting. 

Cbrvb, f . A circlet. 

Cbrvblle, t. {J.'N,) The brain. 

Cess, (1) v. To spill water about. 

(2) t. (J,'N,) Measure ; estima- 
tion. " Out of all eei$,* exces- 

(3) 9. To call dogs to eat. South. 

(4) t. A layer or stratum. Boot, 
Cbssb, V, (I) (J.'N,) To cease. 

(2) (J.'N.) To give seizin or 

Cbsser, #. An assessor. 

CitBTfpart.p.(J,.N,) Ceased. 

Ceston,9. (if .-i\r.) A studded girdle 

Cetb, ». A company of badgers. 

Cetbrach, t. (Fr.) The stone- 

Cbtywall, t. See SetewaU. 

Chacn, f. The groove for the 
arrow in a crosslww. 

CHACEABLB,a4^'. Fit to be hunted. 

Chacechiens, 9. {A,»N.) Berners. 

Chacklb,«. To chatter. Somer9et. 

Chackstonb, t. A small fiint. 

Chacoon, 9. (S^an.) A dance like 
the saraband, brought from Spain. 

Chad, «. A small trench for drain- 
ing land. Midi. C. 

Chadan, t. The inwards of a calf. 

Chadob, 9. To shed. 

Chadfarthino, t. A farthing paid 
formerly for the purpose of hal- 
lowing the font for christenings. 

Ch ADLB, V. To make a small groove 
in which to drive a wedge to split 
stones. Northampt. 

Chads, t. Dry husky fragmenti 
found amongst food. Ea9t, 

Chapb, f. {J.'N.) To grow angry 




Chaveoall, «. A boil caused by 
the friction of the legs. 

EntretaU, escorchtire et pean par c»- 
chaufFement, souillure. A gall with 
sweating:: a chafegaU: a nigntgall: a 
nierrygHll, which may come by vAa\g, 
and riding in a sweat. Nomenclator. 

Chaper,*.(1) The May-bug. Souih. 
(2) (J.'N,) A saucepan. **A 
caudorne, kettle, skellet, or chaf- 
fer to heate water in." Nomen- 

Chafbr-housb, «. An alehouse. 

Chafery, t. {yi.'N.) A furnace. 

Chafeweed, 9. An old name for 
the plant cudwort. Nomenclat. 

Chaff.boxe, "It. The jaw-bone. 
CHAVTE'BAVt J Chaff'fattefh low- 
spirited. North. 

Chaffers, (1) r. (A.'S.) To deal, 
exchange, or barter. 
(2) 8. Merchandise. 

Chaffle, v. To haggle. Ne*ik, 

Chaff-nets, t. Nets for catching 
small birds. 

Chaffo, v. To chew. Lane. 

Chaffron, t. A chamfron, or head- 
piece for a horse with a projecting 

Chaflbt, t. (J.'N.) A small scaf- 

Chaftt, adj. Talkative. York$h. 

Chaierb, t. {A.'N.) A chair, or 

Chain, «. A weaver's warp. Somer" 

Chair-hole, «. A recess made in 

the upper part of a rick in which 

. a person stands to receive the 

com or hay to convey it higher 

for completing the rick. Eaet. 

Chaisbl, t. {A.'N) An upper 

(2) A sort of fine linett, of which 
smocks were often made. 

Chaity, adj. Careful; delicate* 

Chalandb, «• A chaater* 

Chalder, v. To crumble. £tui. 
Chaldron, It. (A.-N) A sort 


Chalk, v. To mark up debts wttb 

chalk in an alehouse. 

Where I drank, and took my common - 
In a taivhonae with my woman : 
While I had it, there 1 paid it. 
Till long chaUnng broke my credit. 

DrunJeen BanuAjf 

Chall, 8. The jaw. Leie. 

Challenge, v. A term in hunting ; 
when hounds or beagles first find 
the scent and cry. 

Chalm, v. To nibble into minute' 
particles. Northamp, 

Chalon, 8. A coverlet. Chaucer. 

Ch ALTERED, part. j9. Overcom6 
with heat. Leic. 

Cham, (1) adv. Awry. North, 
(2) V, To chew or champ. 

Chamberdbkins, t. Irish beggars. 

Chamberer, 8. A wanton person. 

Chambbrbrb, 8. {A.'N.) A cham* 

Chamber-fellow, t. A chum{ 
one who occupies the same charo^ 
hers with another, 

Chamberinos, 8. The furniture of 
a bed or bed-room. 

Chamber-lib, t. Urine. Shakesp, 

Chamberlin, It. An attendant 
CHAMBEBLAiN, / iu au iun, equi- 
valent to the head waiter or upper 
chambermaid, or both, and some- 
times male, sometimes female. 
Milton says that Death acted tO 
Hobson the carrier, 

Ln the kind oflBce of a chamberUn, 
bhow'd him his room where he most lodge 

that night, 
Pnll'd off bis boots, and took away the light. 
On the Univ. Carrier, 1. 14. 

1 had even as live the ehamberlaine of 
the White Horse had called me up to 
bed. Fecl^s Old Wive* Tale, i, L 

Chamber- FiBCB, t. A gun which, 
instead of receiving its charge at 
the muzzle, had an opening or 
chamber near the opposite extre- 
mity, in which the powder and 




,T J gated stuff. 

A vtrie- 

ball, properly secured, were de* 

Chambers, #. Small cannon, with- 
out carriages, used chiefly on 
festive occasions. 

Chamble, v. To chew. 



Chamblinos, ». Husks of com* 

Chambre-forene, t. (A.'N,) A 

Jakes. Rob. Glouc. 
Chaicbbbl, ». The joint or bending 

of the upper part of the hind legs 

of a horse. 
Chamfer, #. (1) The plain slope 

made by paring off the hedge of 

anything; a rabbet. 

(2) A hollow channel or gutter; 

a furrow. ** Changed browa/' 

furrowed brows, denser. 

As for the malleoli, a kind of darts, 
shaped they be on this fashion : There 
is an arrow made of a cane, betwixt the 
head and the steile, joined and couched 
close with an yron full of chantfert and 
teeth. AwanioMU MareelHnnt, 1000. 

Chami^ron, t. (A.'N.) Armour for 

a horse's nose and cheeks. 
Chammer, «. A richly ornamented 

gown, worn by persona of rank in 

Henry YIIFs time. 
Champ, (1) adj* Hard; firm. 


(2) V. To bite, or chew. 

(3) 9. To tread heavily. Warw, 

(4) t. A scuffle. Exmoor. 
Cham AisitAadj.{A.'N.) Plain; 

champion, j flat; open; applied 

to country. 

Out of this street lies a way op into a 
fair ekampaifftt heath, where the walks 
are so pleasant, and the air so sweet. 
Brom^t Travels over England. 

Champartib, «. (^.-A.) A share 
of land; a partnership in power. 
As a law term, a maintenance of 
any one in his suit on condition 
of having a share of the thing 
recovered in caae of saccess. 

Champs, #. {A.^N.) The field or 

ground in which carving ig 

Champers, s. Hounds. 
Champeyne, «* A sort of fine 

Champiomon, s. {Fr.) A mush* 

Champion, v* To challenge; to 

Chance, s. The game of hazard. 
Chance-bairn, t. A bastard. 

Chance-bonb, t. The buckle* 

bone. Ea$t. 
Chandrt, t. The place where can- 
dles were kept. 
Ch ANE, prei. /. {A.'N.) Fell. 
Chanprous, adj. Very fierce. 

Change, «. A shift. 
Changeable, adj. Variegated. 
Changel, t. The herb bugloss. 
Changeling, «• A child changed 

by the fairies* 
CttANOBRwiFE, «. A female huck- 
ster. North, 
Changinolt, adv» Alternately. 

Chanke, t. An old dish in cookery, 
Chanker, «. A chink. Dorset. 
Chanks, t. The under part of k 

pig's head. South. 
Channel, §. The windpipe. 
Channbr, v. To scold. North. 
Channbst, e. To exchange. £r- 

Chant, v. To mi^mble ; to chatter, 

as birds do. 
Chanter, t. Part of a bagpipe. 

Chantrel, t. A decoy partridge. 
Chap, (1) t. (from A.-'S. cetgtian.) 

A purchaser. 

(2) A familiar term for a eom- 


r3) A chink> 

f4^ A knock. 

; 5) The lower jaw of a pig. 

[6) v« To crack* 




CliAP-BOOK, t. A small book lold 

liy hawkers. 
Cbapchurch, t. A parish derk. 

Chapb, «. (1) The hook or metal 

part at the top of a scabbard. 

I'll make him eat the sword yon ipeak 
of; nny, not only the sword, bat the 
hilt, the knot, the scabbard, tlie ehtg^, 
the belt, and the buckles. 

Durftgt Marriage-hUer Maich*d. 

(2) The end of a fox's tail. 

Ch APKL, «. A printing-honse, said 
to be so named from having been 
• originally held in the chapel at 

Chapbllv, «. (Lot*) A chaplain. 

Chapvron, «. A French hood. 

Chapbtrbl, f. {A.'N.) The capital 
of a column. 

Chapin, f. See Chtyitpine, 

Chapitlb, t. {A.'N.) A chapter. 

Chapman, «. (^.•& eeopman.) A 
merchant, or buyer. 

Chap-monby, t. Money abated or 
given back by the seller. 

Cbappbllbt, t. {A.'NJ) A small 

CHAFnDf part. p. Chopt 

Chappy, adj. Cleft ; gaping open. 

Chaps, s. Wrinkles. Craven. 

Chapydb, pret. t. (for etehapyde.) 

Char, (1) «. A species of trout, 
caught in the lakes of West- 

^2) V. To char a laughter, to 
raise a mock laugh. North, 

(3) adv. Ajar. North. 

(4) V. To hew stones. 
Crab, It. A work or business. 

CH ARB, J They still use the word 
in the North, where they would 
say, '* That cAor is charred^" that 
work is done. Char»womaH, a 
woman hired by the day for 
general work. 

Toblnsh and to make honors, and (if need) 
To pule and weepe at every idle toy, 

As women use, next to prepare his weej. 
And his soft hand to ehare-¥farke» to 

imploy : 
He profits in his practise (heaven him 

Ana of his shape assumed graniit him joy. 
GreiU Britmnes Troye, 1609. 

And look that the hangings in the 

matted room be brusht down, and the 

ekarc-woman rub the rest of the rooms. 

Bevet, The Town Sk\fts, 1671. 

Charactbry, t. Writing; ex- 

Charbokul, t. {A.'N.) A car- 

Charb, (1) «. {A.'N.) A chariot. 

(2) V. To hinder. Pr. Part. 

(3) V. To stop, or turn back 

(4) V. To drive away. 

(5) V. To separate chaff fronc 
com. South. 

(6) V. To counterfeit. North. 

(7) 9. A nanow street. Newe, 

(8) a. A wall-flower. 
Charbly, adj. Careful ; chary. 
Charb-thursday, t. Maundy 


Charkts, 9. Chariots. 

Charob, v. {A.'N.) To weigh, or 
incline on account of weight ; to 
weigh in one's mind. 

Charobant, atg. {A.-N.) Bur- 

Charobd, adj. Ornamented ; bor- 

Charob-housb, «. A paid school ? 

Do yon not educate youth at the ckmrge^ 
kotue on the top of the mountain ? 

Siakesp., L. L. Lost, ▼. 1. 

Charobous, adf. {A.'N.) Trou- 

Charobr, «. A large dish. 

Charinbss, f. Caution. 

Charitous, adj. {A.'N.) Cha« 

Chark, (1) 9. To chop, or crack. 

(2) 9. A crack. North. 

(3) 9. To creak. North. 

(4) V. To make charcoal. W99L 




(5) V. To expose new ale in an 
open vessel untilitacquiresacidity, 
and becomes clearer and sourer, 
when it is fit for drinking. Zinc. 

(6) t. Small beer. YorJish, 
Chark-coal, «. Charcoal. 
Charles's-wain, 9. The constel- 
lation Ursa Major. 

Crarlet, t. (A,'N,) A dish in 

Charlet. Take pork, and seeth it wel. 
Hewe it smale. Cast it ia a panne. 
Breke ajrenn, and do tiiereto, and 
•wyng it wel togyder. Put thereto 
cowe mylke and safroun, and boile it 
togyder. Salt it, and memo it forth. 

Finite qfCurjf, p. 10. 

Charlock, «. The mustard plant. 

Charm, (1) v. {A.-N.) To utter 

musical sounds. 

Here we our slender pipes may safely 
ehann. Spent. Skep. Km., October, v. 118. 

O what songs will I ckarm out, in praise 
of those valiantly strong -stinking 
breaths. Decker, uvls Homb. Proeem. 

(2) t. A hum, or low murmuring 
noise. ** With cAams of earliest 
birds." Miiion, Par. L., iv, 641. 
Hence, as birds charm together, 
it was used to mean a company 
of birds, as a charm of gold* 

. finches, t. e., a flock of them. 

(3) V, To silence. 
Charmeo-milk, It. Sour milk. 


Charmer, «. (A.-N.) A magician. 
Charn-cubdlb, t. A chum-staff. 

Charnbco, If. A sort of sweet 
CHARNico, J wine, made near 


Come my inestimable bullies, we^I 
talk of your noble acts in sparkling 

Furitan, act 4^ Si^l to Sk., ii, 616. 

Ch ARNBL, 9. The crest of a helmet. 

Charre, 9. To return. 

Charrbd-drink, 9. Drink turned 
sour in consequence of being put 
into the barrel before it is cold. 

Charrbt, (1) «. (A,'N,) A earl, 
or chariot. 
(2) adj. Dear ; precions. North, 

Chartal, t. {Lat, chartu^) A 
small document. 

Chartel, 9. {Fr.) A challenge. 

Charterer,!. A freeholder. Che9h, 

Charter-master, «. A man who, 
having undertaken to get coals 
or iron-stone at a certain price, 
employs men nnder him. 

Charter-partt, «. A bill of 

Charthous, t. (A,-N.) Carthu- 
sian monks. 

Charwort. See BraeJtwort, 

Chart, at^. Careful ; cautious. 

Chase, (1) t. (fV*.) A term in the 
game of tennis, the spot where a 
ball (alls. 

(2) t. A wood, or forest. 

(3) 9. To enchase. Cov. My9t, 

(4) 9. To pretend a laugh. North. 
Chasing. An amusement at school 

of pressing two snail-shells to- 
gether till the weaker was 
broken. The strongest is called 
the cha9er, 

Chasino-spbrb, «. A hunting- 

Chasour, t. (A.'N,) A hunter. 

Chassb, 9. The common poppy. 

Chaste, (1) 9. (A.^N) To chastise, 
or correct. 

{2)9, {A.-N.) Chastity. 
(3) Trained, applied to hounds. 

Chastelain, 9, {A,'N,) The lord 
of a castle. 

Chastey, 9. (A.'N.) The chesnut. 

Chasthbdb, 9, Chastity. 

CHASTiE,9.(.^.-iV.)(l) Tochastise. 
(2) To chasten. 

Chastilet, t. {Ai'N,) A small 

Chastise, 9. To accuse ; to ques* 
tion closely. W€9t. 

Chat, «. (1) {A.-N,) A eat, oi 

(2) A child. Devon. 

(3) A tell-tale. Devmu 




(1) A small twig; A fragment of 
anything. Wegt 

(5) The wheatear. Norfhampt. 
Chatb, t. (1) A feast; a treat 

(2) A sort of waistcoat. 
Chates, 9. The gallows. Harmon, 
Chateus, 8. (A.'N.) Chattels. 
Chats, a, (1) Catkins of trees. 


(2) Small refuse potatoes. Var,di. 

(3) Small bits of dried wood. 
The gathering of them is called 
chatting. Northampt* 

Chatsomb, adj. Talkative. Kent. 

Chatter, v. To tear; to bruise. 

Chatter-basket, 1 f. An inces- 
CHATTBR-Box, J ssnt talker. 

Chatternoul, 9. A lubber. North, 

Chatter-pie, 9. A magpie. 

Chatter-water, «. Tea. 

ChatterYi adj. Stony, or pebbly. 

Chaatocks, 9. Refuse wood from 
faggots. Ghue, 

Chaucbr's-jests, t. Licentious- 
ness ; obscenity. 

Chaudern, 9. A sauce, or gravy. 
The chaudem for swans was 
made of the giblets boiled and 
seasoned with spices. WameTf 
Antiq. Cul,, p. 66. 

Chaudron, 9. Part of the entrails 
of an animal. 

Chaufe, v. {J.'N.) To warm; 
to heat. 

Chaufere, 9. {A.'N.) A basin for 
hot water. 

Hurre thou5t that httire ehaMfen the 
whjche was of ledde y-roade. 

Ckron. Vilodun.t p. 64. 

Chaufrain, 9, The head-piece of 
a horse. See Chamfron, 

Of an asse he caught the ehavie bone. 

Bochas, S3. 

Bought also and redeemed out of the 
wolves chaws. 

Fp^. to BmUutget** Sermont, p. S. 

(2) V, To scold, or, at we say ii 

trivial language, to jaw. 

Chaumbrb, v. To curb, o^ restrain, 

applied to the tongue. 

For Critias manaced and thretened 
hym, that oneleaae he chaumireai his 
tongue in season, ther should ere long 
bee one oxe the fewer for hym. 

Apopthegmi$ ofErnsnuu^ 1S43. 

Chavmpb-batailb, •• Battle in 
the field. 

Chauncblt, adv, (A.»N.) Acci- 

Chavncemblb, It. A sort of 

chaunsemlb, /shoe. 

Othere spices ther ben of pnde whiche 
men and women ben founden inne, and 
it encresith ftx) day to day, of dyven 
atire about the bodi: as ofte streyte 
clothes and schorte daggid hodis, cAoim- 
temiees disgised and teyde op strayt la 
V. or vi. stedis: women with scnorte 
dothis nnnetbe to the hipes, booses and 
lokettes about the heed, and vile styn« 
kend homes louge and brode, and otuer 
dyvers atire, that I can nought witen 
ne discryen of surche thinges. Everi 
man and woman be his owne juge and 
loke wed if it be nought thus. 

MS. Cantab., Utk cent. 

Chauncbp£, t. {A.'N.) A shoeing 
horn. Pr. Parv. (For ehauc^/^ 
Chaundlbr, t. {A,»N,) A candle- 
Chaumb, r. {Fr.) To gape, or 
open. Cheimy a gape or chasm. 
Chaum is still used in the same 
sense in Warwickshire. 
Chauntement, «. Enchantment* 
Chauntre, «. (A.'N) A singer« 
CflAVEL, 9. A jaw. See Chaule, 
CflAVisH, (1) 9. A chattering, or 
murmuring noise, especially of 
many birds or persons together. 

(2) adj. Peevish ; fretful. Kent, 
Chavle, V. To chew. Yoriah. 
Chaw, v. (1) To be sulky. South. 
(2) To chew in an awkward 
Chaw-bacon, a. A country clown« 
Chawcers, 9. {A.'N.) Shoes. 
Chawdpys, 1 «. {A.'N.) The st)an« 
CHAUDPis,/ gury. 




Chbadlb-dock, 9. The Senedo 

Chbancb, 9.{A,'N,) Chance; turn; 

Chbap, (1) *. {A'S. eetqt.) A 

purchase; a bargain; a sale. 

Good cheap, a good bargain. See 


!2) Cheapside, in London. 
3) V. To ask the price of any- 
thing. Cheapen is still used in 
this sense in Shropshire. 

Chbaps, «. Number. Weber, 

CffBAR. See Chere, 

Chbasil, », Bran. 

Chbat, 8. (i) The second sort of 
wheaten bread, ranking next to 

(^) A linen collar, and shirt- 
front appended, to cheat the 
spectator into a belief of the 
presence of a clean shirt. 

Chbater, ». An escheat or. 

Cheaters, ». False dice. Dekker. 

Chbatrt, «. Fraud. North, 

Check, (1) v. To reproach. East, 

(2) V. When a hawk forsakes 
her proper game, apd flies at 
crows, pies, or the like, she was 
said to cheek, 

(3) When a hound loses scent 
and stops, he is said to check. 

(4) *' Boccheggi£re, to play or 
Checke with the mouth as some 
ill horses doe/' Florio, 

(5) adv. On the same footing. 
Checked, adj. Chapped. St^olk, 
Checker, t. {A.^hf.) A chess- 

Checklatok. See Ciclatoun, 
Checkroll, ». A roll of the names 
of the servants in a large man- 
sion. To put out of checkroll, 
to dismiss. 
Chbckstone, g, A game played 
by children with round pebbles. 
Chbe, 8. A hen-roost. South, 
Cheek, (1) v. To accuse. Line, 
(2) V. To face a person $ to have 
courage. Leie. 

(3) «. Covnge ; impodenetr 
Chbbk-balls, «. The round pnrtt 

of the cheeks. North, 
Chbbks, ». Door posts ; side post« 
in general. ** The cheeke» or side 
postes of a crane or windbeame.'' 
Nomenclator. The iron plates 
inside a grate to reduce its size 
are also called eheek$^ 
Chbbks and bars. A kind of 
head-dress, in fashion early in 
the 17th cent. 

Tr. O then thou can'st tell how to help 

me to cheeks and ears. 

L. Yes, mistress, very welL 

Tl. S. Cheeks and ears I why, mistress 

Frances, want yott cheeks and earsf 

metliinks 70a have yen fair ones. 

Fr. Thon art a fool inaeed. Tom, thoa 

knowest what I mean. 

Civ. Av, ay, Kester; 'tis snch as they 

wear a'^ their heads. London Prod.f iv, 3, 

Chbbk-tooth, 8, A grinder. North* 
Chebn, adj. Sprouted. Devon, 
Cheep, v. To chirp. North, 
Cheer, v. To feast or welcome 

friends. North. 
Cheering, #. A merry-making. 
Cheerly, (1) adj. Pleasant ; well* 


(2) adv. Courageously. 

Cheereljft prince Otho, therms such a war 

like sight 
That would stirre up a leaden heart to flvht. 
Tragedy of Hoffman, 1631. 

Chbbsb, 8, A bag of pommace from 
the cider-wring. 

Cheese and chbesb. A term ap- 
plied in some parts to two fe- 
males riding on one horse, or 
kissing each other. 

Cheese-brigs, 1 8, Two poles of 


by two shorter ones, placed 
over a large pan of cream, to 
support the skimming bowl after 
it has been used, so that it may 
drip into the liquid below. Line, 

Chebsbcakb-orass, t. Trefoil. 

Cheese-crusher, «. An instni* 
menk for crushing cheese. I^se. 




CHBMB-r ATT, «. A vessel in which 
' the whey is passed from the curd 
in cheese making. 

Chbbsb-ford, t. The monld in 
which cheese is made. 

Chbbsb-latb, s, a loft or floor to 
dry cheese on. 

Chebsblopb, s. Rennet. Nwrth, 

Chbbsbb, t. The yellowhammer. 

Chbbsb-rumnino, t. Lady's-hed- 
straw. South, 

Chbbsbs, «. (1) The seeds of the 

(2) Making eheeMetj a game 
among girls, tmming round seve- 
ral times, and suddenly curtsey- 
ing low, when their clothes spread 
in a large circle round them. 

Cheestb, #. See CAe»te, 

Chbbvino-bolt, «. A linch-pin. 

Chbpb, (1) v. See Chetfe, 
(2) 9. A sheaf. 

Chbffbry, 9. A rent due to the 
lord of a district. 

Chbftancb, «. (A.'N,) Chieftains. 

Chefts, 9. Chops of meat. North, 

Cheg, v. To gnaw. Northumb, 

Chbob, 9. A frolic. Kent, 

CflBOOLB, V, To chew or gnaw. 

Chkho, 9. To sneeze. 

Cheisbl, 9. {A,'N.) A sort of stuff. 

Of ▼. thingefl he bitanf t hem werl^ 
As to hem wald bifalle, 
■ Of ilex, of silk, of eheisd. 
Of porpre and of palle. 

Legend of Joachim /* Aim$^ p. 15S. 

Chbitif, «. (^.-iV.) A caitiff. 
Chek, 9. Ill fortune. 
Cbeke, {\)part,p. Choked. 

(2) Checked, in chess ; and hence 
used metaphorically. 

(3) 9. A person, or fellow. lAnc. 
Chbkblatoun. See Cielatoun, 
€h SKENE, 9. To choke. 
-Chrkere, 9. (1) The exchequer. 

(2) The game of chess. 
Chbkkefullb, a. Quite full. 
Jiorte Artkure* 

Chbklbw, 1 a^. Choking; 
CHOKELBW, J strangling. . 

Chelaundrb, a. (^.-iV.) A gold* 

Chbld, adj. (J.^S.) Cold. 

Chbldez, 9. Shields of a hoar. 

Chelb, 9. {A.-S.) Cold ; chill. 

Chblinoe, 9, The cod-fish. Pr. P, 

Chblp, 9. To chirp. Northampt. 

Chblterbd, adj. Clotted ; coagu- 
lated. North. 

Chem, 9. A team of horses. We9t. 

Chemise, a. A wall which lines a 
work of sandy or loose earth. 

Chbne, a. A chain. 

Chenilb, a. {J,-N.) The henbane. 

Cheorl, 9. (A.'S.) A churl. 

Chbp, t. The part of a plough on 
which the share is placed. 

Chbpb, (1) 9. {A.-S. eeapian.) To 
buy ; to cheapen ; to trade. 

(2) 9. A market. 

(3) 9. Cheapness. 

(4) 9. A bargain. See Cheap. 

Bat the aack that thou hait drunk me 
would have bought me liehts as good 
eheapf at the dearest chandler's in 
Europe. Shakap,, 1 Hen. IV, iii, S. 

Perhaps thou may*st agree Utter ehetm 
now. Jhoh. Flag ofSeu. V. 

Cheper, t. A seller. 

Chepino, t. (^.-5.) Market; sale; 

a market place. 
Chepster, a. A starling. North, 
Chequer-tree, a. The service 

tree. The fruit is called ehequert. 

Chequim, 9. See Ceeehin. 
Cherally, 9. A sort of liquor. 

By your leave, sir, I'll tend my master, 
and instantly be with you for a cup of 
cierally tliis not weather. 

B. /• Fl., Fair M. of Inn, ii, 8. 

Chercher, 9. A kerchef. 

CHERC0CK,t. The mistletoe thrush. 

Chere, (1) 9. (J.'N.) Counte- 
nance; behaviour; entertainment 

(2) t. A chair. 

(3) adj. (^.'A.) Dear. 




Chb&vl, t. A churl; a peasant. 

CflERET£, 1 t. {A.'N*) Dearness ; 
.chertI, /affection. 

Cherice, v. {A.'N,) To cherish. 
Cherisance, comfort. 

Chbrke, 9. To creak. Pr, P. 

Cherky, adj. Rich and dry, ap- 
plied to cheese. Northampt, 

Chbrlich, adv. {J,-N.) Richly. 

Cherlish, adj. {A.-S.) Illiberal. 

Cherlys-tryacle, 9. Garlic. 

Cherrilbt, s, a little cherry. 

Cherry, adj. Ruddy. Devon, 

Cherry-cobs, t. Cherry-stones. 

Cherry-curd-milk, 9, Beast- 
lings. Ojpford, 

Cherry-curds, «. A custard made 
of beastlings and milk boiled 
together and sweetened. North' 

Cherry-fair, t. Cherry fairs, 
often referred to in the early 
writers, especially as typical of 
the transitoriness of human life, 
are still held in Worcestershire 
and some other parts, on Sunday 
evenings, in the cherry orchards. 

T)jv8 worlde hyt ys ftiUe fekylle and frde, 
Alle d&y be day hyt wylle enpayre; 

And 80 sone tliys voiidys weele, 
Hyt fiuyth but as a cheryfevre. 

MS. Cantab., 15M emt. 

Cherry-feast, t. A cherry fair. 

Snmtyme I drawe into mcmoyre 
How Borow may not ever laste. 
And 80 Cometh hope in at laate, 
Whan I non otlier foode knowe; 
And that endureth but a thrower 
Byjt as it were a ekery-feste. 

Gcwer, MS. Soe. Jniiq., 1. 182 b. 

Cherry-pit, s, A child's game, 
consisting of pitching cherry- 
stones or nuts into a small hole. 

I hare loved a witch ever since I play'd 
€heny-fit. WiUk of Bdmontont. 

His ill fevoured visage was almost eaten 
through with pock-holes, so that halfe 
a parish of children mi^it easily have 
played at eherrtf-pit in his face. 

Fnmer's dompteri Com. IF. in Cetu. 

Ctt^nsin, part p. Christened. 
Chertsn, V, To writhe, or torn 

about. Pr. P. 
Chese, (1) V. (A.'S.) To choose. 

(2) pret, t. Saw. *' Even til the 

hegh bord he che9e." Syr 

ChE8EB0LLB,\. . ««««« 
CHB8BOKB, }*' ^ P^PP^ 

Cheslb-money, «• The name given 
by the country people to Roman 
brass coins found in some places 
in Gloucestershire. 

Chbslif, t. A woodlonse. 

Chbsoun,9. Reason. See ^cA««o«fi, 
which is the correct form of the 

Chess, v. (1) To crack. Line. 
(2) To pile up. Yorkth. Three 
ehe» chamber, three chamben 
over each other. Toumeley My$i^ 
p. 27. 

Chbssil, t. {J.'S.) Gravel t>r peb* 
blea on the shore ; a bank of sand. 

Chbssnbr, «. A chess-player. 

Chbssom, s. a kind of sandy and 
clayey earth. 

Chest, (1) #. (Lai.) A coffin. 

(2) V. To place a corpse in a coffin. 
'* Cheat a dead corps with spyce 
and swete oyntmentes in a close 
coffyn. PolUneio," Huloet. 

(3) The game of chess. <*The 
game at draughts or dames : some 
take it for the playe at cheetgj* 

! 4) part. p. Chased ; pursued. 
5) adj. Chaste. 
Chests, t. {A.'S. ceatt.) Strife; 

Chbsteimb, If. {A.'N,) The 

chestaynb, J chesnut. 
Chester, «. One who embalms 

or places corpses in coffins. . 
Chest-trap, «. A sort of trap for 

taking pole-cats, &c. 
Chet, «. A kitten. SotUK 
Chete, v. (1) To cut. 

(2) To escheat. Pr, Part. 
Chbvrx,9. To wot k or char, WtlU^ 

CBB S04 


Chetachiv, t. {A.'N,) An expe- 
dition with cavalry. 

Chbyb, f> {A,'N. ekevir.) To suc- 
ceed; to compass a thing; to 
thrive ; to obtain, adopt. Chevtnfft 
success, completion. 

Howsomever that it ^kev€t 
The knyeht takis his leve. 

Sir DegreoatU, Lmeotn M8. 

Scripture saith heritage holdyn wrongfiilly 

Bchal never ehwe, ne with the threa heyr 

remayne. MS, \ith c€nt. 

Chbyblu&b, *. {Fr,) A peruke. 

Chbvbn, 8. A blockhead. North, 

Chbventeyn, *. {A.'N.) A chief- 

Chbveb,». (^.-M) •* Chcvillc. The 
pin of the trukle ; the ehever, or 
axe." Nomencl. 

Chbve&b, 9. To shiver or shake. 

Chevbril, t. (fr.) (1) A kid. 

A sentence in but a ekeveril glove to a 
good wit ; how quickly the wrong side 

- may be turned outward I 

Shake9p.t Twel. N., m, 1. 

(2) Kid's leather, which being of 
a very yielding nature, a flexible 
conscience was often called a 
cheveril conscience. 

Chbverom, «. (Fr.) A kind of lace. 

Chbyesailb, 8, (A.'N,) a neck- 

Chbvicb, v. {A.'N.) To bear up. 

Chbyisance, 9. (A,'N.) Treaty; 
agreement ; a bargain. 

Chbvish, V, {A,'N,) To bargain ; 
to provide. 

Chrvorell, «. The herb cher\il. 

Chbwbn, V, To eschew. 

Chbwer, «. A narrow passage or 
road between two houses. " Go 
and sweep that chewer" West, 

Chbwbt, 9, A sort of pie. 

Chewetes on flesshe day. Take the lire 
of pork, and ker^e it al to pecys, and 

- bennes therewith ; and do it in a pannp, 
and i'rye it, and make a coffyn as to a 
pye, smalc, and do thereinne, and do 
thereuppon 5olkes of avren, harde, puw- 
dor of ^nger, and salt. Cover it, and 
frye it m grecj», other bake it wel, and 
S$^e it fortb. ^orme of Cury, p. 3$). 

Chbwre, t. (a corrupt form ot 
chare.) A task, or business. It is 
still used in Devon. 

Here's two ekemrei ehewr'd; when wisdom 
is employed ^ ... ^ 

Tis ever ttuB. B.^Fl.,Lo9^sCwre,m,?L 

Chbwreb-rino, v. To assist ser- 
vants. WUt9. 
Chbtlb, *. Cold. For ehele. 

For many a way y have y-goo. 

In huneur. thurste, cheyU^ and woo. 

Chbk, v. To choose. North. 
Chibbals, 9. {A.'N,) Small onions. 
Chibblb, v. To chip, or break off 

in small pieces. Northampt. 
Chibb, 9. A kind of onion. North. 
Chicb, 9. A small portion. £89ex. 
Chichb, {l)adj. (A.-N) Niggardly; 

sparing. Chiche-faced, lean faced. 

(2) *. (-rf.-iSr.) A dwarf pea or 

vetch. " Pease ehiche9, or ehich" 

pea9on." Nomenclat. 
Chichelinos, *. Vetches. North. 
Chick, (1) v. To germinate. 

(2) V. To crack. 

(3) 9. A crack, or flaw. Ea9t. 
Chickbll,«. The wheatear. Devon. 

<Chickbnchow,«. a swing. North. 

Chicken's-meat, 9. A name ap- 
plied to chick-weed, to the en- 
dive, and to dross corn. 

Chickerino, *. The cry of the 

Chick-peas, 9. Chiches. 

Chidolbns,«. Chitterlings. Will8. 

Chide, v. (1) {A.-S.) To wrangle ; 
to quarrel. 
(2) To make an incessant noise. 

Chideressb, 1 ^ ^^^^l^ 3^^!^ 
chidester, j 

Chidham-whitb, 9. A species of 
corn much cultivated in Sussex. 

Chid-lamb, 9. A female lamb. 

Chibl, *. A young fellow. North. 

Chiertee, «. See Cheret^, 

Chieve, (1) 9. See Cheve. 

(2) " Apejpt 8tamen, the chieve or 
litle threds of flowers, as in gillo* 
fen, lillies.'' NomencL 




Ghivb, «. A fragment. Suffolk* 

Chig, (1) «. To chew. North, 
(2) «. A quid of tobacco. 

Chikb, «. (Ai'S,) A chicken. 

<Jhilbladobb, t, A chilblain. 

Chilq, «. (1) (ji,'S.) A youth 
trained to arms ; a knight. 
(2) A girl. Devon. So Shaketp., 
Winter's Tale, iii, 3, "A boy or 
a child, I wonder. *' 

Childagb, 8. Childhood, Ea»t. 

ChiloB) V, {A,'S.) To be delivered 
of a child. 

Childkb,maS|«. Innocents' day. 

Child-okrbp, adj. {A.-S.) Of 
childish manners. 

CHiLOiNa, (1) s. Bringing forth a 
child. Childing-woinan, a breed- 
ing woman. 
(2) adj. Productive. 

Childly, adj. Childish. 

Childness, «. Childishness. Shak, 

Child-of-thb-pboplB| 8, A bas- 

Chilore, phir. of child. {A.'S.) 

Child's-pabt, s. a child's portion. 

Not 80 rick, sir, but I hop« to hare a 
ekihPs part hj yonr last will and testa- 
ment Hut. of Thomas Slukely, 160^. 

Childwit, 8. A fine paid to the 

Saxon lord when his bondwoman 

was unlawfully got with child. 
Chilb, 8. A blade of grass. Leic. 
Chill, ^1) 8. A cold. Dorset, A 

cold soaking fit. East. 

(2) V. To take the chill off liquor. 
Chillbbt, adj. Chilly. Kent. 
Chilybr, «. (1) An ewe-sheep. 


(2) The mutton of a maiden sheep. 

Chimbb, 8. (^A.'S.) The prominent 

part of the staves beyond the 

head of a barrel. 
CHiBiBLBfVf To gnaw. ChimbUngs, 

bits gnawed off. Bucks. 
Chimbr, v. {A.^S.) To shiver. 
Cbimickb, t. A chemist. Fknie, 

Chibiino, t. A kind of light we 

perceive when we wake in the 

night or rise suddenly. 
Chibiinoness, 8. Melodiousness. 
Chimlbt, 8. A chimney. 
Chimney, «. {A.^N.) A fire-place. 
Chimnbt-swebps, 8. The black 

heads of the plantago lanceolata. 

Chimp, «. A young shoot. Dorset, 
Chimpings, 8. Qrits. North. 
Chimy, «. (from Fr. chemise.) A 

Chin-band, 8, A lace to fasten 

the hat or cap under the chin. 
Chinbowdash, 8. The tie of the 

cravat. Dorset. 
CuiNCHB, (1) adj. (A.'N.) Miserly. 

(2) 8. A miser, Chyncherae. 

Chinchel, s, a small hammer. 

Chinchbrib, s. Niggi^rdness. 
Chinchonb, 8. The herb groundsel. 
Chin-clout, f . A sort of muffler, 
Chin.couqH| 8, The hooping- 

Chinb, (1) s. A chink or cleft. 

(2^ s. A kind of salmon. 

(3) 8. Same as chimbe. Chine* 
hoop, the extreme hoop which 
keeps the ends of the staves to* 

CuiVKDtpart.p. Broken in the back. 
Chinglb, 8. Gravel ; shingle. East. 
Chink, (1) «, A chaffinch. West, 

(2) 8. Money. 

(3) V. To cut into small pieces. 
(4)v. To loosen or separate earth 
for planting, 

(5) s. A sprain on the back. East, 
Cqioppinb. See Cheppine. 
Chip, (1) •• To break, or crack, as 
an egg, when the young bird 
cracks the shell. North, 
(2) V. To cut bread into slices. 
Chippings, fragments of bread; 
cMpj^tng-knife, a knife to cut 
bread with ; chipper, the person 
who cuts bread. 




rS) •. To trip. North. 

\4) t. The cry of the bat. 

,5) CA91 m porridge^ A thing of 

110 aTaJl, neither good nor bad. 
Chipper, v. To chirp. Ea»i. 
Chip-up, v. To recover. Eati. 
Chibche, 9, {J.S,) A church. 
Chire, (1) V. To feast^ or make 


What tho' he eUre$ on pure manchet 

WhiU kuid elicnt grindt on black or 
browne. Mall, Satires, book ii. 

(2) 9. A blade of grass or of any 

Chibistanb, t. A cherry-stone. 
Chirk, v, {A,-S.) To cbirp. 
Chirmb, «. (1) A charm, or noise. 

Heyvfoodf 1556. 

(2) The melancholy tmder-tone 

of a bird previous to a storm. 

Chirre, 9. (ji.'.S, &eorian,) To 

chirp. Herrick. 
CuiSfpret, t, of eh^se. Chose. 
ChisaK, '1 «. A dish in old 
CHTSANNS, J cookery. 

Chisan. Take hoila fachei, and tenchys, 
or playi, bat cboppo horn on peoea, and 
frlQ horn in oyle;. and take cnutesof 
bredde, and draw bom witb wyn and 
i^Fiiegiir, and bray fyggea, anadntwe 
hiom therwith ; and mynce ouyons, and 
frie bom, and do iberto, and blaunched 
almondes fined, and raisinges of corance, 
and ponder of dowes, and of singer, and 
of caneUe» and let hit boyle, tben do thi 
fissb in a faire vesselle, and poure thi 
■ewe above> and perre hit fortne colde. 
Wumer, JiUiq. CvUn., p. 70. 

Chise, 9, A small quanti&y. " I 
wish I had pot a ehUt^ more salt 
into the. links," waa said by a 
Bury housewife. Sk^SMk. 

Chisel, 9, Bran; coarse flour. 

Chisellt, adj. Brittle; chippy. 

Chukbt,*. Cheese*cake. Leie, 

Chimom, 9. To germinate. We9t. 

Chis|tb, «. {Lot.) A chest. 

QmTf{l)9, to gftnoinalii^ 

(2) t. The first sproati of any* 

(3) 9. A forward child. 

(4) adj. Diminutive. 

(5) ^ Ckyt9 in the face lyke «Bta 
wartes." Htdoet, 1552. 

Chits, v. {A.'N.) To scold. 
Chitbb, v. To chirp. 
Chitsfacb, a. A baby-laee. See 

If ow, now, yo« little wHe^ m/r yon 
tkUifaee, Oiw^, Soldier's ^Mrtum, lUSi. 

Chitt, 9. A kind of bird. 
Chittbb, (1) 9. To shiyer, or 

(2) V. To chirp. Pstbgrwt. 

(3) adj. Thin, folded up, appfied 
to a thin and furrowed lac^. 

CniTTEBLiNas, t. (1) The amall 

(2) The frills at the breast of « 
shirt ; any ornamental fringe. 

(3) The intestines of a pig linked 
in knots and boiled. 

A baggiae: lome oall it a cUtterUng: 
tome a h<^8 harplet. NometuUi 1586. 

(4) Sprouts from the sterna of 
coleworts. Northampt* 

Chittbbs, 9, Part of the giblets or 

entrails of a goose. North, 
Chitttfacrd, ii4/* Baby-^ed} 

Chital, t« (JFr,) A horse. 
Chjybii, t. A small sUt or renti 

CHiy«ft8, «. The email fibre* at 

the TOQta of plants. 
CHiYEa, (1) a. (fVO CUta ^ ' 

grass. Ztfio. 

(2) The threads or flUments 

rising in flowers, with aeeds at 

the end. 
CHiviNG-BAft, 9. A horseman's 

Chity, V, To pursue.. 
Chizem, «• To munoh^ Zwic^ 
Chi^zlt, «4^'. Hard;, hwsh mi 

iqf. £mt» . 




Choakivo-pib, i. A trfck play«d 
on a sluggish sleepef, by hold- 
ing a piece of lighted cotton to 
his nose. 

CHOAK<raA«, *. A ^nt t^rm for a 
small piece of copper money. 

Choame, t. A smaU fracture* 

Choatt, adj. Chubby. Keni. 

Chobbins, s. Grains of unripened 
wheat left in the chaff. 

Chock, (i)«. A part of a neck of 
(2) «. A piece of wood. North* 

Chockling» t. Scolding. Bmnoor. 

CHOCKLT.a^f. Choky; dry. iSiMvedr. 

Chockon, v. To Jingle the glasses 
together in drinking. 

Come, nephew, sll of ns ^tkoehm, 
thoekon, to an absent ftiend, ha, hum ; 
yoa know— no more to be laid. (2%^ 
doth their glauu.) 

ShmiweU, mu Scowrers, 1691. 

Chockt, »4^> Itidgy ; f«di of boles ; 
' uneven.- Northampii 
ChodEi pfet, t. of ehid0* 
CnowT, adf. Stem ; morose. Keni, 
Chofvb, t. A churl. SeeCAt(^«. 
Chogs, t. The cuttings of hop 

plants in spring. Somih, 
Choilb, 0. To overreach. lin^JL 
Chokes, a. The throat. Northumb, 
Chokkk, v. {A.'N.) To push 

Chol, t. (j^.-&) The }ole; jaws ; 

properly, ttuiA part- extending 

from beneath the chin and. throat 

firom ear to ear. 
CHOLiB^t. Soot. North* 
Cholickt, Aff. Choleric Bnt, 
Chollbb, «. A double chin. North. 
Cholt-headbd, adj* Stnpid. 
Chomp, v. To chew; to crash. 

Ghon, ft To break. 
Choncb, «. Tocheat« Pfvon. 
Chongt, 9. {ji.'S.) To change. 
CHOOKEm, V. To grumble. Lane. 
Choobe, c Thirty bushels of flour 

or meal. Liber Niger Edm. IV. 
Choobt» «. -To work,, oc char* i 




CHOoanro-BTfCK, a; A divininf^ 

rod. Someriet, 
Chop, (1) li^. (if.-5.) toexcfaaage, 

or barter, ''CjIcsqw and ckaange. 

Jf«rcor." Hvloet. 

(2) To flog. Eue». 

h) To meet accidentally. JVorM. 

(4) To put in. North. 
Chopchbrbt, a. A game with 

CHOPCHUReHESyC. Sccular pHcsts 

who exchanged their benefices 

for gain. 

blockhead. Eatt. 
Chop-logick, 8. A person who is 

very argumentative. 
Chopper, a. (1) A cheek of bacon. 


(2) A sharp fellow. Devon, 
Choppime, 1 a.(l)(i^an.cAaj9m.) 
^A high clog or clog 
^patten, of cork or 
J light framework, 

covered with leather or metal, 

and worn tinder the shoe. They 

were ^mmonly used in Spain 

and in Venice, but ia Eagland 

only in masquerades. 

By'r lady, yonr ladyahip it nearer ^a 
heaven than when I aaw yoa last, bj 
the altitude of « «Af ovjium. 

Skakup., Eamk, n, S. 

The Italian in her high ehopeene. 
Seyw,, CkaUenge of Beauty, act S 

— I am dull — some ma8io->« 
Take my ekapins off. So, -a luity ttrain. 
Mamuger, Ben^ado, i, S 

(2)(/V*.) A quart measure. North 

Chopping, tfd|f. Large; lusty. 

Chopsb, v. To abuse. Northangtt. 

Chore, a. A narrow passage be- 
tween two houses. See Chewer. 

Chork, at^. Saturated with water. 

Chorlb, a. A churL 

CaoRTON, a. Tripe made from the 
calf a stomach. Leie, 

Chooes, 9, Exouaes, Pbmptom 
Gorr^ p. 198« 




To cheat. 

Choslinoss, Ai Cboeen people, 
Choolb,«. (1) A jaw. North, See 


(2) The crop of a bird. 
CHOUNTiNOy «. Quarrelling. Ejcm, 
Chountish, adj. Surly. Devon, 
Choups, «. Hips, the fruit of briars. 

Chouse, 1,j. 

CHOWSK, J ^ ^ 

(2) 9. The act of cheating. 

(3) 9, A person easily cheated. 
Chousle, «. To munch. Line, 
Chout, «. A frolic, or merry- 
making. Ea9t, 

Choux, 9, (JPr,) A part of a lady's 
head>dress. See Cabbage, 

A ehoux ii the round boia behind the 
head, reaemblinir a cabbage, ai|d the 
freach aceordinuy ao name it, 

Chovb, V, {A.'N.) To sweep. 
Chovelinos, 9, Husks or refuse 
* from rats or mice. Leie, 
Chovy, 9, A small beetle. Ea9t, 
Chow, v. To grumble. North, 
Chowder, it. A fishrseller. Devon, 
ChowfinoeDi «. A stupid fellow. 

Chowbjs, «. To grumble or mut- 
ter. Still used in Somerset. 

But when the crabbed nuroe 
Beginnes to cliide and ck&wre. 

Turhanle^ Omd, 1567, f. 123. 

Chowteii,«. To grumble. Devon, 
Chkinsie, t. A sort Qf prinking 

Thia hot weather causes people tq be 

' thinty, insomuch that there will be 

great employment for nofrgins, whlsldns, 

- chrituiest cans, tankards, black-jacks, 

■ and such like implements of husbandry ; 

with any one of which, if a man follow 

his work hard, he may get drunk before 

night, if he's a good (or if you please a 

bad) husband in the morning. 

Poor Sobin, 1740. 

CHRi80ME,«.(^.-iV.)(l) In Popish 
times the white cloth set by the 
minister upon the head of a child 
neTly anointed with chnam after 

hia bapHsm; but afterwards taken 
for the white cloth put upon the 
child newly chrfstened, in token 
of baptism, and with which the 
women used to shroud the child if 
dying within the month. Hence 
the term ehri9om9 was applied 
to ehildren dying within the 
month of birth. 

(2) In some parts of England, a 
calf killed before it is a month 
old was called a chrisom-calf. 

Chkisomb, 1 9, The oil with which 
crtsume, V children were anoint** 
CRisME, J ed when baptized. 

Christ-cboss, 9, The alphabet; 
because, in the old horn-books 
for teaching it to children, the 
letters of the alphabet were pre- 
ceded by a cross. Sometimea 
called Chri9t»cro9»'roi», 

Christendom,*. A christian name. 

Christian-jborsbs, 9, Sedan 
chairmen. Newe, 

CHRisTiNG-nAT, a. Christening 

I tliinke if the midwife were put to her 
oath, I was wrapt in hera o* th* christ- 
ingiiay. Wine, Beere, AU, a$td Toitacco^ 
contending for Superioritjf, 1630. 

Christlinos, 9, A .small sort of 
plum. Devon, 

Christmas, «. Holly, with which 
houses are decorated at Christ* 

Christmas-boxes, 9. Boxes car- 
ried by. poor men at Christmas to 
solicit money, whence the modem 
use of the word. 

CHRisTMAa-|40RD, t. The lord o| 

Chbist-tide, t. Christmas, 

Chub, 9. A rough oountry clown. 

Chubby, adj, (1) Fat. 
(2) Surly; angry. JS^it^ 

Chuck, (1) v. To toss ; to throw* 

(2) 9, A hen. Craven* 

(3) 9, A term of endearment 

(4) f. A ic;atsbeU, AV^Ai 




(5) t. A great chip. SttueSf, 
Chuckbr, «//e. Cosily. SiMei^, 
Chuckers, i, Polrdm of ardent 

spirits. North. 
Chuckfarthino, i, A game 

played with money. 
Chuck-fulli ^adj. Quite fall. 


Chuckle, v. To exult inwardly. 
Chuckle-head, «. A fool. Var.di, 
Chucks, «. (1) The cheeks. Devon. 

(2) Grains pinched in the husk. 

(3) Large chips of wood. Suss. 
Chud, V, To champ or chew. 
Chubt, s. Minced meat. See 

Chuff, (1) ad/. Sullen ; churlish ; 

(2) s. A cheek. Cotgrave. 

(3) adj. Conceited; childishly 
pleased. Lsie. 

ChuffBi a. A term of reproach or 
contempt, usually applied to 
miserly fellows. 

And now the luitftill dUt^ was come to 
iingle out hit game. 

Warnet't Jlbum Engltrnd, 1593. 

A fiat ckuffe it was (I remember), with 
a grey beard catf bort to the stumps, as 
tlraugh it were grymde, and a nuge 
worme- eaten nose, like a cluster of 
grapes, hanging downwardi. 

froth, sister, I heard jon were married to 
fotust Wh^ 0. ?L, iii, 256. 

a very rich ekt^. 

Chufft, adj. (1) Fat and fleshy. 
(2) Blunt; surly. 

Chullb, v. To bandy about; used 
in MSS. ofthe 14th cent. 

Chum, {!) s. A bedfellow. 

(2) V. To chew tobacco. Mtepe. 

Chummin6-up, s, a ceremony 
practised in prisons on the arri- 
val of a new comer, who is "vel- 
comed with the music of old 
swords and staves, for which he 
is eipeeted to pay his admission 
to their company. 

Cbv¥F»#« a log of wood. 

Chumpt, adj. Small; stjnt^. 
Chums, s. The smallest fragments 

of brick used by masons^ 
Chun, s, A profligate woman. 

Crunch, o4f. Sulky. Line. 
Chunk, s.{l) A log of wood. Kent. 

(2) A trunk of a itee. Norths 

(3) V. To chuck one under the 
chin. Kent. 

Chunkings, s. The stump of a 
tree left in the ground after the 
tree is cut down. Leie. 

Chunter, 1 To complain; to 

CHUNNER,^ j^l V 

CHUNDER, J 6'"'""*<^ 

Church-ale, t. A feast in com- 
memoration of the dedication of 
a church. 

Church-clerk, s. A parish-clerk. 

Churche-oano, s. Church-going. 

Churchhaw, "1 *. {A.-S.) A 
chtrchb-hatb, j church-yard. 

Churching, s. The church-ser- 
vice. East, 

Church-littbn, s. a church-yard, 
or burial ground. ''When he 
come into that chirche^lyttoun 
Xho:* Chron. Vilodun. StUl used 
in West Sussex. 

Church-masters, t. Church* 
wardens. North. 

Church-reye,«. (A.'S.) a church- 

Church-scot, s. Payment or con- 
tribution to the church. 

C^URCH-STiLB, s. A pulpit. North* 

Church-town, s. a village near 
the church. South, 

Churchwarden, s. A cormorant. 

Churchwort,«. Pennyroyal. 

Churer, s. An occasional work* 
woman. Comw. 

Churl, s. The wallflower. Shropsh. 

Churl's-trbaclb, s. Garlic. 

Churlt, adj. (1) Rough, applied 
to weather. Ywhsh^ 




(S) stiff; eloddj; applied to 
•oiL Leie. 

Chu&n.-dash, t. The staff of a 
churn. North. 

Churnsl, «. An enlargement of 
the glands of the neck. North, 

Churn-gottino, t. A. harvest- 
supper. North. 

Churn - if ilk, a. Buttermilk. 

Churn-suppbr, a. In some parts 
of the country it is customary for 
the farmers to give an entertain- 
ment to their men at the close 
of the hay-harvest ; this is called 
the chum-supper. At these sup- 
pers the masten and their fami- 
lies attend and share in the 
mirth. The men mask them- 
selves, dress in a grotesque man- 
ner, and are allowed the privilege 
of playing jokes on their em- 
ployers, &c. 

Churre, a. A kind of bird, jtreh,, 
xiii, 350. 

Chubring, a. The noise made by 
a partridge in rising. 

Churtv, a. Rocky soil. Kent. 

Cbusb, 9. (J.'N.) To reprehend; 
to find fault ; to accuse. 

Chusb-but, V. To avoid. North- 

Chvserxl, a. A debauched fellow. 

Chutb, a. A hilly road. Wiffht. 

Chutb-lamb, a. A fat lamb. 5u«a. 

CnwoTt adj. Dressed. Somerset. 

Chym BB« 9. (A.-S.) A cymbaL 

Chtbimbr, a. A gown cut down 
the middle, formerly used by 
persons of rank. 

Chymol, a. A binge. 

Chtn, a. The chine, or back. 

Ghyppb, 9. To carp at. 

Chyvblbn, 9. To become shri- 

CicBi^Y, a. Cow parsley. North. 

CiCHLiNo, a. Vetches. North. 

CiciLiA, a. The name of a dance. 

CichAtotntf 1 a. (i^.-i\r. m§tm* 
CHBOLAToiT, Worn.) A ricti 


from the East ; the name is Ara« 
l»c. In the 16th cent, the name 
appears to have been given to a 
aort of gilt leather. 

Lef on me aut be my wife, fal wd t&e mai 

Auntioge ant Asie scaltoa han to mede ; 
CxelaUmn ant purpel pal acaltou hare to 

Wid alle the metea of my lond fal wd I 

ical the fede. Legend of St. Margaret. 

But in a jacket, quilted richly rare^ 
Upon eheeklatonjit was straneely dight. 
Spens^ F. Q., VI» vii» 43. 

CiDDLB, 9. To tickle. Kemt. 
CiDB, 9. To decide. South. 
CiDBRASBy a. The herb arsmart. 
CiDBRKiN, a. The liquor made 

from the apples after the cider is 

pressed out. 
CiBRGBS, a. (A.'N.) Wax tapers. 
CiMBiGK, a. (j^.-JV.) A miserly fel- 
CiMiCB, a. {TtstL) A wall-locise. 
Cmiaa, a. (Lot. eimex.) A bog. 
CiNCATBR, 9, {Fr.) A man ia hia 

fiftieth year. 
CiNDBR-wxNCHBB, s. Girls who 

collected or carried cinders and 

ashes from houses. 
CiNOLBT, a. A waistcoat. North. 
CiNouLAR, a. A wild boar in his 

fifth year. 
CiNOPER, jk Cinnabar. 
CiNQUE-PACB, a. A dance, the steps 

of which were regulated by the 

number five. 

We had not meaenred three Snque- 
paeest hut we met with one that came a 
Tar greater paee towards ns. 

Xowley, Searekjbr Moneys 1609. 

CiNQUB-poRT, a. {Fr.) A sort ol 
fishing-net, with five entrances. 

CiNCLUBTALB, 9. A qulotal. 

CiPB, a. A large basket. Berke. 

Cippvs, a. The stocks or pillory. 

CiPRBss, 9, A lort of fine gauze or 
crape, for wearing round a wo* 
man's Reck* 




CiftCLiNO-90T| «. A roaring boy. 

Cifu;oT, t. A surcoat. 

CiRCuoBiB, t. See Swguidrie. 

QiRCuiT, t. A circle or crown. 

Circumbendibus, «• A circuitoas 
rottndabottt way. 

CiBCUM ciDB, V. (Lai.) To cut off. 

CiBcuif STANCB, «. Cooduct ; de- 
tail. Shakeap, 

CiBNB, 8, The lote-tree. 

Cist, t. (1) A chest 
(2) A cess-pooL South. 

Cites, «. (A.-N.) A city. 

Citizen, aey. Town-bred ; delicate. 

CiTOLE, 9, {A,'N,) A stringed mu- 
sical instrument. CiiolerSf per- 
sons who played on citoles. 

CiTTE, 9. (A,-S,) To cut. 

CiTTEBN, «. A musical instrument, 
like a guitar, used much by bar- 
bers. Ciitem-headed, ugly. 

For graBt the moirt barben ean play on the 
B. Jon., Vision ofDeUght, vol. vi, p. 23. 

CiTB, 9. {A,'N,) To result. See 


CiTiT, adf. Perfumed. 

Tea, this same silken, golden, eyvlt whore. 

Is roguish, ragzed, and most pockey poore. 

Sowumds, Isuure ofRarU, 161S. 

CiVEBT, 9. A partition or compart- 
ment in a vaulted ceiling. 

Civil, a^. Sober ; grave. 

Civmr, «. {Lat, cividu,) A city, 

Claas, adj. Close ; tight. Yorksh. 

Clabbt, at^. Worm-eaten, applied 
to carrots. Northampt. 

Qlack, (1) «. The clapper of a milL 

(2) «. The sucker of a pump. 

(3) «. To snap with the fingers. 

(4) «. A kind of small windmill 
placed on the top of a pole, which 
turns with the wind, and makes a 
clapping noise, to frighten birds 

(5) t. A contemptuous name for 
A woman's tongue. 

(6) t. A tale-bearer. 

(7) «. To cut the sheep's mark 

from wool, which made it weigh 

less, and thus diminished the 


Clack-box, 9. The mouth. Bait 

Clack-dish, 1 «. A dish or box 
CLAP-DISH, J with a moveable lid, 
formerly carried by beggars to 
attract notice, and bring people 
to their doors, Iqr the noise it 

Clackbb, If. A rattle to drive 
CLACKBT, J birds from the corn. 

Claddb, a^. Armed. Sir 2Wf- 

Claddeb, t. A general lover, one 
who wanders from one object to 
another. > 

A. Two inns of coart men. B. Tei» what 

then? A. Known c^cuUm, 
Through all the town. B. Gladden J A, 

Yes, catholic lovers. 
From country madama to you gtorer's 

Or laundress. C»/^ Match, 0. P., iz, 298. 

ChAWE, pari, p. Cleft. 

Clao, V, To stick, or adhere. 
C/iap*^, sticky. North, Women's 
petticoats, when dirtied with 
walking, are said in Northamp- 
tonshire to be clogged, 

Claogbb, 9. A well-timed remark. 

Claooum, *! Treacle made 
CLAO-CANDT, J hard with boil- 
ing. North, 

Clao-locks, 9. Locks of wool 
matted together. Eaat, 

Claos, 9, Bogs. North. 

Claikbt, 9, A puddle-hole. Ojtfd, 

Claim, v. {Lai, etammre,) To cry 

Stryke them, also, with madnes, blyud- 
nes, and woodnea of myude, that thay 
may palpe and elayme, also handle at 
blynde men dothe in darknes. 

StdUFapen^n, 919. 

Claim-up, pari, p. Overloaded, 
applied to a mill ) pasted up, ai 
a plaoard against the wall Nwth* 




Claibo, r. To bedaub. Nofihi 
Claitt, adj. Dirty. Ctimb. 
Clake, v. To BcrMch. North. 
Clam, (1) v. To emaciate; to be 
starred. Eatt, 

Kow barkes thfe Wolfe against ikt full 

cheekt moone, 
Now Irons halfe*clat»*<{ entrels roare for 

Now croaks the toad, and night crowes 

screech aloud, 
Fluttering 'bout casements of departing 

Now gapes the graves, and through their 

yawnes let loose 
Imprison'd spirits to revisit earth. 
Secoitd Fart of Jntonio and Mellida^ 1633. 

(2) V. To pincb. North. 

(3) V. To choke with thirst. 

(4) V. To clog np. Wett. 

(5) 9. To stick to. 

i6) 8, Clamminess. EoBt. 
7)«. Any adhesive, viscous mat- 

(8) a. A slut. Eatt. 

(9) V. To snatch ; to shut. Line, 

(10) V, To rumple. Devon, 

(11) V. To muffle a bell; to ring 
irregularly or out of tuue. 

(12) «. A rat.trap. So%Uh. 

(13) t. A kind of shell-fish. 

(14) «. A stick placed across a 
stream. West, 

(15) o. To castrate a bull or ram 
by compression. North, 

(16) e. To daub ; to glue. North, 
Clam, ^pret, t. Climbed; pi. 

CLAMB, J clamben, 
Ci.Ai.B«a, K. To climb. 


Clambebscull,«. Very strong ale. 

Glame, (1) v. To attach with glu- 
tinous matter ; to spread butter 
upon bread. North, 
(2) V, {Lat.) To call. 
(3; «. A caU. 

(4) », An iron hook, to bind 
stonework together horizontally. 

(5) V, {A,'N) To challenge. 
Clammas, (1) V, To climb. North, 

(2) a. A clamour. North 

ClAMMEitsdMB, d^. Clamorous; 

greedy. North, 
Clamp, (1) v. To tread heavily. 

(2) V, To fit a piece of board at 
right angles to the end of another 

(3) 9, A large fire of underwoods 

(4) 8, A pit or mound lined with 
straw to keep potatoes, &c., 
through the winter. East, 

(5) «. A rude sort of brick-kiln. 

Clamps, 8, Andirons. North. 
Clams, 8, {I) A pincer for pulling 

up thistles and weeds. North. 

(2) Arat-trap, made like a man* 

trap. Su88, 
Clanch, v. To snatch at. Line. 
Clanculab, adj, {Lat.) Claudes* 

Clang, 9, To eat voraciously. 

Clank, 8, A set, or^series. Leic. 
Clankbb, 8. A severe beating. 

Clanlichk, adj, (A.^S,) Cleanly. 

CianneSt purity, chastity. 
Clans, 8. Cows' afterbirth. Leie, 
Clansy, v. {A,-S. ckensian,) To 

Clant, v. To claw. North. 
Clap, v. (1) To place to, or apply. 

(2) t^. To strike. 

(3) *. A blow. 

(4) V. To fondle, to pat. North. 

Umwhile the childe sowked hir pappe; 
Umwhile ganne thay kvase and clappe. 

MS. XiNC, f. lai. 

(5) V. To sit down. 

(6) 8. The lip, or tongue. We8t. 

(7) adj. Low ; marshy. East, 

(8) 8. The lower part of the beak 
of a hawk. 

Clap-boabd,! t. Board cut for 
CLAPHOLT, J making casks. 

Clap-bbkad, 1 ». Cake made of 
CLAP-CAKE, J oatmeal, rolled thin 
and baked hard. 

Clap-dish, t. See Claek'dkK 




Clap-dook, i. The lower half of a 

door divided in the middle. 
Clapbr, 9, To chatter. Oxon. 
Clapbrbd, pari, p. Splashed with 

Clap-oatk, s. a small horse-gate. 

Clappb, (l)v.(^..5.) To talk fast 

(2) 8. Talk. 
Clapper, «. (1) The tongue. 

(2) (^..iV.) A rabbit burrow. 

(3) A child's plaything. *<6ew. 
gawes for children to playe and 
make sport withall, as rattels, 
ekqtpers, See.** Nomenclator. 

i4) A door-knocker. Minsheu, 
5) A plank laid across a 
stream to serve is a bridge. 
Var, di, 
Clappbr.claw,9. To beat roughly. 
Clappbr-dudobon, If. A cant 
CLAPPBR'DouoBON, J term for a 
beggar, probably derived from the 
custom of clapping a dish. 

See in tlieir rags then* dancii^ for your 

Our elafiper-dudffeotu, and their walking 

morta. Jovitd Crew, 0. P., z, 87S. 

Clappinck-post, 9, The gate-post 
against which the gate closes. 
Clapsb, 9, To clasp» 
Clap-stilb, 8, A stile, the hori- 
zontal ledges of which are move- 
Claranbr, 8, A clarinet. 
Clarbnt, adj. Smooth. Devon. 
Clarbt. See Clarry, 
Clarbtbb, ». {A,'N.) Brightness. 
Claricord, "1 ». {A.'N.) A musi- 
CLARicoL, I cal instrument in 
CLARI8H0B, fform of a spinet, 
CLARico, J containing from 
thirty-iive to seventy strings. 
Clarion, «. (^.-iV.) A sort of 
smalUmouthed and shrill-sound- 
ing trumpet. 
Clarrt, 1 8. {A.'N. elarrit cUtri,) 
clarr£, I Wine made with grapes, 
claret, J honey, and aromatic 

spices. Tlie name was afterwarcb 

given to wine miled with honey 

and spices, and strained. 
Clart, (1) «. To spread, or smear. 

Clarty, muddy, dirt;. Clart jf* 

pap8t a dirty sloven. 

(2) «. A daub. 
Clart, «. To make a load shrill 

noise ; to play on the clarion. 
Clartnb, t^. To clear, or clarify. 
Clash, «. (1) To bang anything 

about. North. 

(2) To gossip. North. Ckuhme- 

eaunter, a tiresome teller of 

Clasht, adj. Foul ; rainy. Northi 
Claspbr, 8. A tendril. Oxon, 
Clasps and kbbpers. Fastenings 

for the shoes of children, and for 

other purposes. 
Clat, (1) «. A clod of earth. 

(2) V. To break the clods or 
spread dung on a field. West. 

(3) 9. To cut the dirty locks of 
wool off sheep. South. 

(4) 8. Cow-dung. West. 

(5) 9. To tattle. 

(6) 8. A dish in ancient cookery. 
Clatch, 8. A brood of chickens. 


Clatb, «. (1) A wedge belonging 
to a plough. Cheeh. 
(2) A practice among school 
and other boys before the com- 
mencement of a game in which 
two parties are interested, to 
decide which party is to begin or 
have the first innings. 

Clathbrs, 8. Clothes. West. 

Clats, 8. Slops ; spoon victuals. 

Clattbr, (1) «. Noise; idle talk. 

• (2) 9. To let out secrets. 

Clattbrfbrt, 8. A tale-teller. 
** Clatterer, or clatterfart, which 
wyl disclose anye light secreateii 
Loquax.** Huloet. 

Clattt, adj. Dirty ; slovenly. Line. 

Clauch, 9. To claw. Yorisk, 

Clai7ck9» v. To snatch. Line* 




Claub, t. A ditch, or fence. North, 
CbAVpiCATV, V. {LaL) To Ump ; 

to go lame. 
Claught, firei. /. Snatched at. 

Claum, v. To icrape together. Line. 
Claunch, v. To walk lazily. Emt. 
Clause, t. {A.-N.) A conclusion. 
Claustbb, «. (Za/.) A cloister. 
CiiAUT, (1) V. To scratchy or tear. 


(2) «. The marsh raounculus. 


Clavk, f. The part of amall ba- 
lances by which they are lifted up. 

Elavil, 1 a* A mantel-piece. 
CLAVY, J West, ClaveUacif, the 
shelf oyer the mantel-piece. 

Clatbr, (1) V. To climb. North. 
(2)». To cajole by talking. North. 

(3) s. {A,^S. clqfer.) Clover-grass. 

Clayers, 9. Noisy talking. North. 
Clavy-tack, *. A key. Exmoor. 
Claw, (1) «. To snatch ; to take 
away violently. North. 

(2) V. To curry favour. North. 

(3) M. A fourth part of a cow- 
gait in common pastures. North. 

Claw-back, (1) «, A flatterer. 

Tlie orerweenini: of thy wits doth make 

thy foes to smile, 
Thy frieDds to weepe, and chueiackt thee 

with floothings to beKile. 

JFamer's Among Enghmd, 1 593. 

Ckucbach more do not assail me. 
Than are beggars swarming daily. 

Drunken Bamaby, 

And this miichievous or deadly vice, 
which in others sometime abateth and 
waxeUi cooler, in him, as age came 
npon him, grew the hoter, whiles a 
company of claw-hacke flatterers egged 
him forward in his pniposed course. 

Ammianui Miwcelliuus, 1609. 

(2)v. To flatter. 
Clawe, V, (A..S.) To stroke. 
Claw-ill, s. An ulcer in the feet 

of cattle. Devon. 
Claw-off, v. To reprove. North. 
Clay, v. To shiver. Devon. 

Clay-bavbiv, 9, A custom ii 
Cumberland, for the neigbboura 
and friends of a newly-married 
couple to assemble, and erect, 
them a rough cottage. 

Clay-salyb, a The common ce- 
rate. East. 

Clayt, *. Clay or mire. Kent. 

^CLEY,}'- ^*^*^- ^'"^' 

To save her from the seize 

Of mltore death, and those relentless cleys. 

B. Jon., Undoruf., vol. vii, S9. 

Clbach, V. To clutch* Shropeh, 
Cleachjng-nbt, 8. A hand net, 

used by fishermen on the Severn. 
Clead, v. To clothe or clad. East. 
Cleak, V, To snatch. North. 
Cleam, v. To glue together. See 

Clbabibd, adj. Leaned ; inclined 

Clean, (1) adv. Entirely. 

(2) adj. Clear in complexion. 

(3)«. To wash, dress, and arrange 

one's toUet. 
Clbanimo, ^8. The after-birth 

CLEANtlNO, j of a cow. 

Cleanser, «. A large kind of gun- 

Clear. (1) Pure; innocent. Shak. 
(2) Clear and ehear, totally, com- 
pletely. "He's thick i' the 
eleart* said of a dull stupid 

Cleat, (1) g. A piece of iron worn 
on shoes by country people. 
(2) V. To strengthen with iron. 

Clbat-boarbs, 9, Flat pieces (rf 
wood fastened to the shoes to 
enable a person to walk on 
the mad. 

Cleaver, 9. A sucker, or piece of 
soaked leather to which a string 
is attached, used by schoolboy*. 

Cleavers, 9. Tufts of grass. Ea$t, 

Cleobs, v. To snatch, or seize. 

Clbck, v. To hatch. Norih. 

Cleckin, t. A chicken. North* ' 




Clbckino, ad;. Said of a foi maris 

appetens. Craven. 
Clbckinos, t. A shuiUeoQck. 

CtECMt'* Refuse of oatmeal. Unc. 
CiXD,part,p, Clad ; clothed. 
Clkdbn, a. Goosegrass. Donets 
Clbdot, adlf. Stiff i clayey. Kent. 
Clbb,«. a claw. North. SeeCUa. 

The term is especially applied to 

the two parts of the foot of 

cloven-footed animals. 
Clbbk, s. a hook ; a barb. North. 
Clbbkt£, 8. {A.-N) Brightness. 
Clbbt, 9. (1) The hoof. North. 

(2) A stay or support. 
Clbbvbs, «. Cliflb. 
Clbfiv, pret. t. Cleaved. 
Clbft, «. (1) Black slate. North. 

(2) Timber fit for cooper's ware, 
spokes, &C. York%h. 

(3) A piece of wood split for 
Doming. Northampt. 

Clbo, (1) 9. The gad-fly. Still 
used in the North. 

(2) 9. A fish, ffadu9 harhatu9. 

(3) V. To cling, or adhere. North. 

(4) 9. A clever person. Lane, 
Clbggbr, v. To cling. Cumb. 
Clbkb, v. To snatch, or strike. 
Clbm, (1) V. To starve. See Clam. 

Clemmed is still in use in Shrop- 

shire for 9tarved. 

Bard is the cboict^ when the vaUsnt 
most eat their arms, or elem. 

B. Jom., Every Man (w< qf IT, ifi, 6. 

I cannot eat itonet and torfs, aay. 
What, will he eUm me and my folhnr- 
era? Ask him an he will cum me; 
do, go. /}., FoeiMteft i, 8. 

Now liona' hdff-dem*i entrails roar for foiod. 

JnUmio and Mettida. 

(2) St. Clement. South. In the 
Isle of Wight it is, or was till 
lately, the custom for black- 
smiths to invite their friends and 
neighbours to a feast on St. Cle- 
ment's day. This was called 
ieepmg elem, 
(3)9. To climb. 
Clbmbtn, t. A claim* 

CLKUTB,pdri.p. Fastened. ^ 
Clbnchb, •• {A.'^S.) To cling 

Clbnchfoopb, t. See CSnehpope^ 
Clbnct, adj. Miry ; dirty. Line. 
Clbnb, adf. {J.^) Pure ; deam 

Cleneneeee, purity. 
Clbngb, v. (1) To contract or 


(2) To strain at. 
Clbnt, v. To become hard, applied 

to grain. We9t. 
Clbpb, v. (1) {A.-S. eljfpian.) 


They eUpt as dnmkaids, sod witk«vi|iiBh 

Tax oar addition. Skakeap^ Hami^ i, 4. 

(2) {A.-S.) To clip, or embrace: 
C1.BP8, «. An implement for pulling 

weeds out of com. Cumb. 
Clbr, ^adj. (A.'N) Polished; 
CLERB, J resplendent. Clerene99e 

glory. Clart^, brightness. 

Clbbb, 9. A sort of kerchief. 

On their heades square bonettes of 
damaske lolde, rolled wyth lose aold 
that did fiange doane at their badkesb 
with kerchiefes or eleres of fyne cypres. 
EaU. Henry rm, IBS. 

Clbkbt£. (A.'N.) Purity. 

Clbboib, 9. {A.'N.) Science; 
learning. Clergiealfy, learnedly. 

Clbrgion, «. {A.'N.) A young 

Clebgt, 9. An assembly of derks. 

Clbbk, 9. (A.'N.) A scholar. 

Clbblighb, adv. (A.-N.) Purely. 

Clbbmattn, 9. {A.'N.) A kind 0^ 
fine bread. 

Clbbtft, v. To make dear. 

ttLBSTBft;. Todeaveintwo Norths 
The word occurs in Huloet. 

Clbtch, 9. A brood of chickens. 

Clbtb, 9. A piece of wood fastened 
on the yardarms of a ship to 
hinder the ropes from slipping 
off. In Sussex, the term is ap« 
plied to « piece of wood tf 
prevent a door or gate from 




Clithb,«. To clothe. North. 

Clstt, t. Gleet. MS. Med. 15M 

Clbtb, t. (1) (A.'S,) A dweUing. 
(2) A diff. 

Clbvbl, s. a grain of corn. Keni, 

Clbtbn, (l)g.(A.-S.) Rocks; cliffs. 
(2) V. (A,'&) To split ; to burst. 

Clbvb-pink, s, a species of car- 
nation found on the Chedder 

Clbvbb, (1) V. To scramble up. 

(2) tu(f. Good-looking. Sast. 
Kennett tays, '* nimble, neat, 
dextrous." Lnsty; very well. 

[3) a4f. Affable. South, 
adv. Clearly ; fully. Kent. 

[5) t. A tuft of coarse grass 
turned up by the plough. East. 

Clbveb-boots, If. a satirical 
CLBVBR-CLUif ST, / term for a per- 
son who is awkward. 

CLBVBB-THROUGHf^qv. Straight 
through. Leie* 

Clbvbs, a. CloTes. 

Clbvyt, s. A sort of draft iron 
for a plough. North. 

Clew, (1) t. (^.-&) A rock. 
" Bothe the clewez and the cly- 
fez." Morte Arthure. 

(2) ». A ring at the head of a 
scythe which fastens it to the 

(3) pret. t. Clawed ; scratched. 
Clbwe, v. To cleave, or ad- 
here to. 

Clewkin, 9, Strong twine. North. 
CLEW5THE,j9ar/./i. Coiled. 
Clet, 8. A hurdle for sheep. 
Cletman, e. A dauber. Pr. Parv. 
Clbtmbn,9. (A.'N.) To claim. 
Clbtnt, part. p. Clung. 
Clbtstaffb, 8. A pastoral staff* 

Pr, Parv. 
Clibby, adj. Adhesive. Devon, 
Clicb, (1) V. To snatch. 

f2) 8. A blow. Eaet. 

[3} «. To tick as a clock* 

(4) " To click or flurt wivh onei 
fingers as moresco dancers." 
Florio. "To cliche with ones 
knuckles." Ih, 
(6) t. (/v.) A door-latch. 

(6) 8. A nail or peg for hanging 
articles upon. North. 

(7) V. To catch ; to seize. 
Clicker, ». A servant who stood 

before the shop-door to invite 
people to buy. 
Clickbt, (1) V. To fasten as with 
a link over a staple. Shropsh, 

(2) *. {A.^N.) A latch-key. 

(3) 8. A clap-dish, or anything 
that makes a rattling noise. 

(4) V. To chatter. Tueeer, 

(5) 8. The tongue. 

(6) 8. A term applied to a fox 
when maris appetens. Anciently, 
a common term for a fox, as in 
the following lines, describing 
the properties of a good horse x 

Heded of an ox, 
Tayled as fox, 
Comly aa a kynr, 
If ekkyd as a duxyng; 
Mouthyd aa a kliket, 
Witted as a wodkok, 
Wylled as a wedercoke. 

MS. Cott^t OoOm, E, ix, f.llOL 

Click-handed, adj. Leflt-handed. 

Click-hook- *. Large hooks for 

catching salmon by day-light. 

Click-up, 8. A person with a 

short leg, who in walking makes 

a clicking noise. lAnc. 
Clider, 8. Goose-grass. 
Clife, adj. (A.'N) Clear ; fine. 
Clift, 8. (1) A cleft, or opening of 

any kind. 

(2) The fourehure. 

(3) A cliff. 

Cliftt, adj. Lively; active. NortK 
ChianTBf pret. t. Closed; fastened. 
Clightt, adj. Stiff ; clayey. Ke$tt» 
Cltm, (1) V. To cUmb* 
(2) Clement. 





(3) V. {J.'N,) To call, or cbal- 

Climber, v. To clamber. 
Clime, s. The accent of a hill. 
Climp, v. (I) To steal. East, 

(2) To soil with the fingers. East 
Clinch, «. (1) A repartee, or bon- 

mot. Clincher^ one who says 

bons-mots, a witty fellow, 

(2) A claw, or fang. North. 
Clinchino-net. See CleacMnff' 

Clinchpopb, \8.k term of con- 
clbnchpoopk, j tempt. 

If a gentleman have in hym any hnmble 
behavour, then royateri do Ml snche 
one by the name of a lonte, a efynehc- 
pope, or one tliat knoweth no fiiciona. 
Jusiitueum of a GeniUman, 1568. 

Leste Wel-form'd, or more il>fkc'd, and 
like eUnehpoope tooke and lira. 

Wamtr*s Albiotu England, 1692. 

CLiNcauANT, 8, (Fr. cUnqtumt, 
tinsel.) Brass thinly wrought out 
into leaves. North. 

Clinb, v. To climb. Warw. 

Cling, v. {A,'S.) (1)To shrink up. 

If thon fpeak false, 
Ujpon the next tree thon dudt hang alire 
Till famine eUng thee. 

Shaieip^ Ma^., r, 6. 

(2) To embrace. 

Some fathers dread not (gone to bed in 

To slide from the mother, and eUng the 


Bevmffer't JVap., 0. P., ir, 82S. 

(3) To rush violently. North, 
Clink, (1) «. A hard blow. 

(2) adv. Upright. Berii, 
Clink-clank, t. Jingle. 

Tis prodicioos to think what veneration 
the priesthood have raised to themselves 
by tneir nsurpt commission of apostle- 
ship, their pretended successions, and 
tlieir eUtti-aank of extraordinary ordi- 

femf*s Addreu to FrotesiatUt, 1879. 

Clinks, «, {4"^-) '^^ tinkle ; to 

Clinkbb, t. (1) 4 ^4 sort of coaL 

(2) A cinder from an iron for* 
nace. Shrt^sh, 

(3) A puddle made by the foot of 
a horse or cow. fFarw. 

CLiNKBB*iBBix,«. An icicle. 5((mi«r«. 
Clinkbbs, g. Small bricks ; bricks 

spoilt in the burning. 
Clinkbt,«. a crafty fellow. North, 
Clinks, s. Long nails. 
Clinquant, adj. (Fr.) Shining. 
Clint, v. To clench ; to finish, or 

complete. Somerset. 

Clints, t. Chasms ; crevices. 

Clip, (1) «. {A.-S.) To embrace. 

But as a dame, to the end shoe nay at a 
time more opportune at better ease, and 
in a place more commodious, be catched, 
tUpj^dy and embraced, which feminine 
art, I noA yet knowing in first my be- 
ginning, so unwarily I did remaine 
wailed with love. 

Faumtger cfBenwenuto, 1613. 

(2) V, To call to. North. This 
is merely a form of clepe^ q. v. 

S3) V. To shear sheep. North, 
4) V. To shave. Rider. 

(5) V. To shorten. Craven. 

(6) V. To hold together by means 
of a screw or bandage, Shropeh, 

(7) «. A blow, or stroke. East. 

(8) V. To quarter a carriage so as 
to avoid the ruts. Northampt. 

Clipper, «• (1) A clipper of coin ? 

I had a sister but twelve years ago, that 
run away with a Welsh ensi^, who 
was hanged for a highwayman, and she 
bnmt in Wales for a elipMr. 

MoHM^ford, Grunwteh Park, 1691. 

(2) A sheep-shearer. North, 
Clippino-the-chubch, «. An old 
Warwickshire custom on Easter 
Monday, the charity children 
joining hand in hand to form a 
circle completely round the 
Clips, (I) part. p. Eclipsed, 

(2) 8, An eclipse. 

(3) 8. Shears. Northumb, 

(4) 8. Pot-hooks. North, 
Clipt-dinment, •• (1) A shon 

wether sheep. 

(2) A meanolooking fellow* Omk 




Cti8HAWK» •. To Steal. Lhu. 
Clish-clash, 9. Idle dismvine. 

CtiT. adj, (1) Stiff; chiyey. South. 

(2) Heavy ; hazy ; applied to tbe 
* atmospUere. 

FfK tbea with na- the clayi more darkiih 

More ihort, eold, uoyste.aiideterny doody 

For 8«dnen more than miriht or pleaearee 
At. Mirr.for Mag. Higtns** Ind. 

(3) Imperfectly fomented. Sonm-9* 
Clitb, (1) «. Clay{ mire. Kent, 

(2) a. Goose-grass. 

(Z) s. A wedge. Pr. Part. 

(4)». To take, or pull up. North. 
GlitbKi r. To stumble. North, 
Clithb, a. The burdock. Gerard, 
Xlithbrsn, a. Goose-grass, (re- 

Clitpoll, a. A curly head. Doroet, 
Glitter, v. To make a rattling 

Clittbbt, adj. Changeable and 

stormy, applied to the weather. 

Clitty, adj. Stringy ; lumpy. We$t. 
Clivb, (1)«. (.^..&) A cliff. 

(2) V. To cleave. Suffolk. 
Clivbe,(1)». Goose-grass. /Tam^aA. 

(2) a. A choppingwkni/b. Eaat. 

(3) CHver-and-ehiver, completely, 
totally. Somertet. 

Clitbrs, 9, The refuse of wheat. 

Clizb, a. A covered drain. Somere. 
Gloam. 9i Common earthenware. 

Comw. Cfoomar, one who makes 


Clob» a. Rough material uaed for 
building oottages. J)emn. 

Globe, a. A club. 

Glochs, v. (J.'N.) To blister. 

Glochee, 9. (1) A large cape or 
(2) (J.>N.) A belfry. 

Clock, (1) a. (^.-M) A bell. 
(2) a. A sort of watch, some- 
times called a clock*watcli. 

But hr who can deny it to he aprodfay, 
which ia recorded by If elchior Adamve, 
of a great and good man, who had a 
.clock wateh that had lairea in a cheat 
many years unuied; ana when he kiy 
dyinfc at eleven o'clock, of itself, in that 
chest, it struck eleven in the hearing of 
aumy. Bagter, WorU ofSpkiU. 

^3^ a. A beetle. North. 

(4) a. A sort of ornamental work 

worn on various parts of dress, 

now applied to that on each side 

of a stocking. 

(6) a. The noise made by a heil 

when going to sit. 

(6) a. The do^ny head of the 

dandelion. North. 
Clock-ice, a. tee cracked into fan- 

taatical forms. NorihampL 
Clock-dkbssino, a. A method of 

obtaining liquor on false pre* 

tencea. Craven. 
Clocks, a. Ordure of ^gs. Devon, 
Clock-seaves, a. llie black» 

headed bog-rush. North. 
Clod, (1) v. To break clods. 

(2) adj. (A.-S.) Clodded ; hard. 

(3) a. The coarse part of th«' 
neck of an ox. 

(4^ 9, A sort of coal. We9t, 
(5) V. To throw. North, 
Cloddbb, «« To coagulate. 

If the ashes on the hearth do etoddcr 
together of themselves, it is a sign of 
nun. WiUaford, NtUurc'i Secrete. 

Gloodt, a4f. (1) Thick; plump. 


(2) Hazy, thick. 

Thisaaid, he swiftly swaged the swvUhif 

Dispell'd the dmUjr donds^ (dear'd 8ola 

bright beams. Firgil ky Vicars, 16S3. 

Glodb, V, (A.'S.) To cloathe. 
Clodge, a. A lump of clay. Kent. 
Clodobb, la. The coyer of a 

CL08BBB, J book. 

Clodgt, adj. Plump. Hampeik, . 
Clod-hbad, a. A stupid fellow. 

Clodhoppbb, a. (1) A £irmer*a Ui< 





(2) A clownish fellow. 

(3) The wheatear. 

Clod 'MALL, «. A wooden hammer 
for breaking clods. ShrojMh. 

CLOFrsTyt. A great sloven. NwilL 

CLOFriNOy «. The plant hellebore. 

Cloft, 8, The jointure of two 
branches. North, 

CLOWYDtparLp. Cleft; split 

Clog, (!)'• -^ ^^^^ ^^^^ ^ wooden 

(2) i, A pifece of wood fastened 
to a string. 

(3) 9. An almanac made with 
notches and rudefigures on square 

(4) 9. To prepare wheat for sow- 
ing. West. 

Cloggy, adj. Sticky. 

Cloosome, mdj. Dirty ; dull. 

Clogue, v. To flatter. Suitesp^ 

Cloo-whsat, 9. Bearded wheat. 

Clointkb, v» To tread heavily. 

Clotstek-oakth, 9, The space in- 
closed by a cloister. 

Cloit, 9. A stupid fellow. North. 

Cloka&de, «. A sort of musical 

Cloke, 9. A claw, or clutch. 

Clokkb, v. {A.'N.) To limp in 

Clom, V, To clutch. North. 

Clombe, jure/, t. Climbed. 

Clomb, «. To gutter, as a candle. 

Clomx. See Cham. 

Ci'0MiE*PAN, 9. A pan for milk. 

Clom9, 9. To walk heavily. Chm- 
perton, one who walks heavily. 

Clomskn, p. iJ.'N.y To ihrink or 

CLONOBK,j90r^/F, Shrunk ( shri- 

Clonkek, 9. An icicle. Someroe i r 

Cloom, (1) «' Clay or cement. 
(2) p. To cen»{nt. 

ClooB, i. A sluice. Norihumi*. 
, Clope, 9. A blow. 
Cloppino, adj. (Fr.) Lame; littpv 

ing. Comw. 
Close, (1) «. A farm-yaird; an ta* 


(2) 9. A public walk. /. Wighi, 

i3) 9. An obscure lane» Norths 
4) atf^» Secret ; selfish. 

(5) r. To enclose minerals in 

(6) adj. Quiet; silent Lei6. 
Close-bed, «. A press-bed. North, 
Close-fights, 9. Things employed 

to shelter Uie men from an enemy 

in action. 
Close-fisted, a^. Mean. 
Closb-gauntlbt, 9. A gauntlet 

with moveable fingers. 
Close-hand-out, 9, The name of 

an old game. 
Closeik, 9. {A,'N) An enclosure. 
Closbn, 9. A small enclosure or 

field. Northaw^t. 
Closh, 9, (1) The game of nine- 

(2) A Dutchman. South. 
Closings, 9. Closes; fields. In 

some counties we have the more 

pure form cUuen, 
Closv&b, «. (1) (Fr.) An enclosure. 

(2) A clencher. Wiffht. 

(3) A gutter. North. 
Clot. (1) Same as Clod (6). 

(2) 9. A c)od. " Clodde or eMte 
lande. Oceo." Huloet. 

(3) p. To clod. 

For at the ploughman first letteth forth 
his ploush, and then tilleth his Umd, 
and DreaJceth it in fnrroirea, and Mime* 
tinier idgeth it up a«ttne..and atan^ 
ther time harroweth it, and tlottHh it, 
and lomtime dungeth and hed^eth it, 
digf eth it, and weedeth. it, purgeth it, 
and maketh it cleane : so theprelate, the 
preacher, hath many di?erae offices to 
do. Lniimer'i Semumt. 

(4) P. To dog. 

(5) P. To toss about. North* 
(%)p. To- catch eeU with wonted 
thread. We9i. 




(7) t. A disease in the i-tet of 
Glotch, V. To tread heavily. Easi. 

^i!^4*- The yellow water-lily. 

•€LOTf j * 

Take the rote of the klote^ and ttampe 
it, and turae it on whyte wyne or ale, 
and drynk at t eve hoot and at morow 
kolde. MS, lltd, Ree., xr CeiU. 

Then lay a elot-Ut^t or elie a wort-leaf, 
on the same, but first let the water out 
of the blister with a pin, and it will 
draw out all the water that cauieth the 
pain or grief. 

Xupton'f lOOO NotabU Things. 

Clotb, 9, A wedge. Pr, P. 

CLOTTB.RDtpari,p. {^,'S,) Clotted. 

Clot-head, s. A blockhead. 

Clotb>of-e8tatb, 8, A canopy 
over the seat of principal per- 

Clottbr, «. A clothier. 

Clouch, (1) o. To snatch or clutch.