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TEOMAS WKIGHT, Eao.. M.A., F.S.A., H.M.R.S.L., &r , 




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Soia seren centuries ago, two distinct langiuges were spoken 
tiuronglKHit England, the Anglo-Saxon, which was that of onr Teu- 
tonic fare&thers, and consequent] j one of the pure Teutonic dialects, 
and the Anglo-Norman^ one of the Neo-Latin fiunily of tongues, 
which was hronght in by the Korman conquest. For some time, 
these two languages reoiained perfectly distinct, the Ang^Norman 
being the only one spoken or understood by the higher classes of 
society; ^Hiile the lower dasses, and a great portion of the 
intermediate class, used only the Anglo-Saxon. Some only of the 
middle dasses, more espedally those engaged in mercantile occu- 
pations, were acquainted with both. It was not until the thirteenth 
century, when the intercourse between the several classes had become 
more intimate, that an intermixture of the two bmguages b^an to 
take place, and then all the educated classes appear to hare been well 
acquainted with both tongues. From this time forwards, an English 
writer, though using the Anglo-Saxon tongue, adopted just as many 
Anglo-Norman words as he pleased, — in fact it had assumed the 
^ character of a language of two ingredients,. which mi^ht be mixed 
together in any proportion, from pure Anglo-Norman (pvre, as r^^g^ds 
the derivation of the words) to nearly pure Anglo-Saxon, according 
to the class of society for which he wrote. Tj^us, i^Je^ ^ ^^^ 
middle of the fourteenth century, the language of* Piers Plbaghman, 
which was designed for a popular work, contains a-K^mAl^abij amail 
ndxtuxe of Anglo-Norman words, while in the xntmg? cf Qiancer, 
who was essentially a Court poet, the proportion of the Anglo- 
Norman to the Anglo-Saxon is very great. Much of this Anglo- 
Norman element was afterwards rejected £rom the English language, 
bat mneh was retained, and of course a proportional quantity of Anglo- 

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Saxon ^ta diBplaced by it. In consequence of this unsettled state of 
the English language^ the writers of the ages of change and transition 
contain a very large number of words belonging to the Anglo-Saxon 
as well as to the Anglo-Norman, which are no longer contained in the 
English tongue. 

Such was the first process of the formation of the English language. 
The limitation of the Anglo-Norman element seems to have taken 
place in the fifteenth century, when a considerable portion of the 
Anglo-Norman words used by previous English writers were rejected 
from the En^ish language, and were never seen in it again. But as 
these disappeared, they were succeeded by a new dass of intruders. 
The scholastic system of the age of the Eeformation, had caused a 
veiy extensiye cultivation and knowledge of the Latin language, and 
it is probable that the great mass of the reading public at that time 
were almost as well acquainted with Latin as with their own mother 

i tongue. In consequence of this universal knowledge of Latin, the 
writers of the sixteenth century, without any sensible inconvenience, 
used just as many Latin words as they l^ed in writing English, 
merely giving them an English grammatical form. The English 
language thus became suddenly encumbered with Latin words, until, 
at the end of the sixteenth century and beginning of the seventeenth, 
the practice of thus using Latin words was carried to such a degree 
of pedantie affectation, that it effected its own cure. A popuUr 
writer of this period, Samuel Eowlands, in a satirical tract published 
in 1611, under the title of " The Knave of Clubbs," has the following 
lines upon this fashion, which had at that^ date reached its culmi- 
nating point : 

• * \ • • ••• •••; 

: • • V HMflivR^irlfibOli'UOVQKK. THB APE OF SLOaUENCE. 

• • • • , 4* on the wav I Itenerated, 
•*'•: :•!.:: :*A:Rurall person I obviated, 

• ,*:«.:*•,:*••* IiSterrogatlng time's TransiUtion, 

• ^ • And of the passage Demonstration. 

«• •,; •**• *•!*••• My apprehension did Ingenious scan, 
I • l»*\ • l'*»l km. he was meerely a Simplitian, 

So when I saw he was Extravagant, 
Unto the obscure vulgar Consonant, 
I bad him vanish most Promiscuously, 
And not Contaminate my company. 

A few of these Latin words have held their place in the language, 

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^onr vriien, from the Utter part of the fifteenth centni^ to the 

Bu|iileof theaefeateenth, abound in words adopted from the Latin 

I *^ Bodem Eogliah dictionaries do not recognise. 

I ^rm these and other eanaes it happens, thai of a rtry large 

I potioo of English literatore, one part would be totally nnintelligible 

totlie genenJ reader, and the other would present continual diffi- 

^ties, vithout a dictionarf especially deroted to the obsolete words 

of our laogoage. It is the object of the Tolumes now offered to the 

poUic, to famish a compendious and us^ul work of this kind, which 

sittil contain the obsolete Anglo-Saxon and An^o-Norman words 

osed b^ the English writers of the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, 

BttOT of the obsolete Latin words introduced in the sixteenth and 

Krentecath centuries, as well as words which haye been adopted 

^Dponrilj at various times according to prerailing fashions from 

other languages, such as French, Italian, Spanish, or Dutch, or 

vbich belonged to sentiments, manners^ customs, habits, and modes, 

te hare existed at particular periods and disappeared. 

^liere is another class of words, forming at least an intereating 
Portum of the English language, and coming especially within the 
objects of a work of this kind, those of the prorindal dialects. There 
can be no doubt that the peouliar characteristics, or, we may say, the 
orgaiuc diSerencea of dialect, are derived more or less from a diversity 
of tribe among the Anglo-Saxon settlers in our island; for, as far as 
our materials allow us to go, we can trace these diversities in Anglo- 
^on times. As, however, during the middle ages, and, in fact, 
down to very recent times, the intercommunication between different 
parU of the country was very imperfect, progress, of whatever kind 
vas by no means uiifocm throughout the kingdom, and we find in 
the provincial dialects not only considerable numbers of old Anglo- 
Saxon and even Angb-Norman words, which have not been pre- 
served in the language of refined society, and which, in many cases, as 
iar as regards the Anglo-Saxon, are not even found in the necessarily 
imperfect vocabulary of the language in its pure state which we are 
enabled to form from its written monuments; but also numerous 
words, m general use at a much later period, but which, while they 
became obsolete in the Eng^ language generally, have been pre- 
served orally in particular districts. The number and character o' 

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these words is very remarkable, and instances will be oontinnally 
found, in the following pages, where a word which is now considered 
as peculiarly characteristic of the dialect of some remote district, 
occurs as one in general use among the popular, and especially the 
dramatic, writers, of the age which followed the Eestoration. 

Words of this description are a necessary part of a dictionaiy like 
the present, and they have been collected with as much care as possi- 
ble. On the other hand, the mere organic differences of dialect, as 
well as the differences of orthography in words as found in different 
medieval manuscripts and early printed books, have been inserted 
sparingly, as belonging rather to a Comparative Grammar or to a phi- 
lological treatise, than to a dictionary. In fact, to give this class of 
variations fully, would be simply to make a dictionary of each parti- 
cular dialect, and of each medieval manuscript, and to combine these 
altogether, which could not be done within any moderate limits, and 
if done, with regard to the manuscripts especially, the first new 
manuscript that turned up would only show its imperfection. It has, 
therefore, been considered advisable not to insert mere orthographical 
variations of words, unless where they appeared for some reason or 
other sufficiently important or interesting. There are, moreover, 
certain letters and combinations of letters which are in the older 
forms of the English language interchangeable, so that we constantly 
find the same word occurring, even in the same manuscript, under 
two or three different forms, none of which are to be regarded as 
corruptions. To insert all these forms, would be to increase the 
dictionary twofold or threefold, for the words in which those letters 
occur, without any proportionate advantage; I have therefore in 
general given the word only under the form in which it occurs most 
usually, or which seems most correct ; but, to facilitate the reference, 
I add at the end of this preface a list of the more common inter- 
changes of this kind, so that if a word be not found under one form, 
it may be sought for under another. 

Various and indeed numerous glossaries have been already pub- 
lished, both of provincial and of Archaic English, but most of them 
have been special rather than general. We may mention among these 
the valuable work of Archdeacon Nares, which, however, was de- 
voted only to the writers of a particular period ; the extensive undcr- 

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taking id Boucher, which was not continned beyond the Utter B ; and 
the nnmerouB gloaaaries of particular dialects, among which one of 
the last md best ia that of Northamptonshire by Miss Baker. Tlie 
"Didionary" by Mr. Halliwell, when we consider that it was almost 
new in its dasa, and that the author had many difficulties to con- 
tend with, wfaidi would not, perhaps^ have existed now, was in erery 
respeet an extraordinary worL 

In compiling the following pages, I haye taken all the adYantage 
I eonld honestly of the labours of my predecessors, in addition 
to a large quantity of original material which was placed in 
my hands, md I have added to this numeroua coUcctions of 
my own, especially from the dramatic and popular writers of the 
latter half of the seyenteenth century, and of the earlier part of 
the eighteenth. I haye also profited by lists of Ibcal words com- 
moTiiaited from yarioua parts of the kingdom, and among those who 
hare contributed in this maimer, I haye especially to acknowledge 
the aeryices of the Key. E. Gillet, of Runham, in Norfolk. To 
make soch a work perfect is impossible ; but I hope that, on the 
whole, the present will be found one of the most generally useful 
works of the kind that has yet appeared. 


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Aj 0, and sometimes e. 
ar, «•, or, ur. 
be, bi, by, as prefixes. 
e, 9, eh, 9h, 8ck, 
e, ee, L 

A. often omitted where it ought to be inserted, 
or used superfluously. 

k, e, ch. 
0, 00, ou, u. 
gu, whf uf. 
8W, sgu, qu. 

X, fth. 


Z, 8. 

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Obsolete and provincial exgli 

^tbc definite article, "."l ^^ 
^hi«mtioa of am^ wbicn w« 
Ml before consonanta *^ . ,„,- 
w Towels, till a •^'"P^^wiVTle^ 
^t period. The J>l>»^ticte 
aiod« of employing tbe »«^1'*^V^ 

.« not Tery n°«\^™Yt*H adjec 
tiT«5,the«ub»tantivc having s ^^ ^ 

before in such P^f^*,^ ii not 
tall man aad a good. *^ ., 

«„««lly prefixea to ^^{^^l^,^^ 
«fl many princes. *,,^^erala, 

fte^Bcntly prefixed to ««»* 

Aa4 ap«te bole ^V«^™t«d^°fty*« « ^• 
fiawme caaoc trote or. _'^Z?v,,e«fc, and ao 

• Bu; B??V.e».fulte Wi^»«^^j^e wcste. 
HrrB«e from the a<«^»',^rime aq^iench- 

The ILyn« and ^^.f^^^^e of Oxen- 

f^rfe preveW there Jl»^??*^*kxid land^f 
ayiedB to them S^^^® TtSS^ dr»erM of 

the erAe . and eo » «»"^ ^q. or ix. 
etle bade ao^t P*«*C5d.*Vithc hym ; 
>Ka»e tha% ^<>^e Wdc ^i ^^^^ 
the vbicbe waa ibe aiuioynB^ ^^ 

^'^s ^ery comtnonly ^^^ ^^!L^^ 

personet in a Godhede/^ 
persons in one Godhead). 
Hir « ichsnke bbke, hir other 

It is used often as a men 
tive, generally at the ei 
line in tongs and popular 
ji, for on, or ai, before 
tbos we ha?e a place, 
place, a JMd, in the fie] 
representing on, it is fret 
prefixed to words in comp 
sometimes apparently giv 
tensity to the meaning, 
general not perceptibly i 
it. Thus we have con 
such forms as aeoid, fo 
adoum, for down, ab€ieJk, U 
aready, for ready. It i 
sometimes, chiefly whei 
before verbs, to represe 
French preposition d, ai 
theano doubt an adaptatio 
the Anglo-Norman. Th 
seems to represent the Fr- 1 
The following are the pi 
meanings of a as a 8eparat< 
(1) Always; ever (froi 
A.'S.) ; still used in thii 
in Cumberland. 

J the more I loke tberoo, 
A tjie more I thynke I fon. 

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(2) Yes (a contraction of aye). 

(3) And. Someraet. It occurs in 
this sense not unfrequently in old 
MSS., perhaps an accidental 

(4) An interrogative, equivalent 
to what ? Far. DiaL 

(5) If. St^olk. 

(6) He. It is often pnt into the 
mouths of ignorant or vulgar 
people in this sense by the old 
dramatists, and it is not uncom- 
mon in MSS. of an earlier date. 

(7) They. In the dialect of 
Shropshire. In the western 
counties it is used for she, and 
sometimes for it. 

(8) All. 

(9) Have. As in the common 
expression << a done/' t. e. have 

(10) In. « A Latin," in J.atin. 
'*A Goddes name/' in God's 

J. tket kow, in that way or manner, e.g. I 
■liaU do a' that h9w. line. 

(11) An interjection ; for ah 1 
At swete mre, I seide the. 

Pitrs Phuffkman. 
A per ee, A person of extraor- 
dinary merit ; a nonpareil. This 
phrase was used chiefly in the 
Elizabethan age. 
The fiunoot dame, fayre Helen, lost her 

Whenwithred age with wrinckles channgd 

her cheeks. 
Her lovely lookes did loathsomneaie en- 

That was the A «<r »t of all the Greekei. 

T$irtemae's Trapicall Tala, 1687. 

That is the A per u of oil, the crenin of all. 

Bluri Master ConstahU, 1602. 

The phrase is sometimes varied 
by an additional a. 
In faith, my aweet honey-comb, 111 lore 
thee, A per $0 0. Wilff BeguiVd. 

kk. An exclamation of lamenting. 
It was asserted by the old po- 
pular theologists that a male 
child atters the sound a^ when it 


is bom, because it is the initial 
of Adam, and a female e-e, as 
that of Eve. 
Aac, *. {A.-S.) An oak. North, 
Aad, adj. {A.-S.) Old. Yorkah. 
Aadlb, v. {A.-S.) To flourish. Suf- 
folk. See Addle. 
Aaint, v. (A.'S.) To anoint. Suf^ 

A A KIN, ad). (A.-S.) Oaken. NortJu 
Kkv^ (1) adj. Own. Yorka. 

(2) inter. A contraction of anan ! 
what say you? FMst. 

(3) adv. On. A form of the 
word used in a MS. of the 15t!i 
Century, in the Ashmolean 

Do, ooayn, anon thyn armja atm. 
Aandb, f. {DanUh). Breath. A 
form of the word not uucoramon 
in MSS. of the 15th Century. 
Hya mynde es schort when he osbt th ynkes, 
Hys neae oft droppes, hys aaude sTynkea. 
HampoUf MS. Bowes. 

""TZZ: }-(^-^-) Anfter- 

noon's repast; the afternoon. 

Ctanb. See Amdem. 
Aane, *. (A.-S.) The beard of 

barley or other grain, the 


And that wo call the aane, whirh 
Rro«'etli ont of the eare, like a lon^ 

Sricke or a dart, whereby the eare is 
efended from the danirer of birds. 

Oooge'e tiushandry, 1577. 

Aar, prep. (A.'S. ter). Ere, be- 
fore. This form occurs in the 
Romance of Kyng Alisaunder. 

Aahm, *. {A.~S.) The arm. Wy- 
cliffe, Bodl. MS. Aarmed, for 
armed, occurs in Wyclyflfe's ver- 
sion of the Testament. 

Aaron, s. {A.-S.) The herb wake- 
robin. Cotgrave. 

A AS, f. (A.-N.) Aces. 

Aat, *. (a.'S.) Fine oatmeal, used 
for thickening pottage. 

A AT A, prep. After. Stiff. 

Aath, 9, {A.^S.) An oath. Yorke. 

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ia,i.(,it-S.r) Tbe MP of a tree. 
li'.4.Ttne^kTc»9MMd to dnle with- 
w. oka to Uua end, bat not with to 
p^ wocemm w they hsve hoped, bi- 
ease tb« «& or jwcc wiU not ao looue he 
Tve^ovrd aikd dieuM drmwne oat, which 
icjec atmbioc to vnnt of tune io the 

Harrium's Tkacriftum of BmfUmd. 
Aaack, ad9. Bftckwardt. iVbr/A. 

Thr> dirw oiarJb, fts half with •hame 

OGnfouud. 5p<ni. ^i«p. iEoi. June. 63. 

Aback-a.bcbi3(T, ai*r. Behind; 

in the rear. North. 
Aaactcd, par/. /». (!«/. fliflc/m). 

Dnren away by violence. 
AiACTOK^t. (Lat.) One that drives 

Kvay herds of cattle by stealth 

or violence. 
Abaok, (1 ) past t. of abiden {A.-S,). 

Abode; remained. 

(2) «. DeUy. In MSS. of 14th 


Y<ff MXtne aitir that he was made. 

He (d vith0Btea koger ahadc. 

Abafsllkd, part. p. Baffled; 
treated scornfully. 

Abawed, 1 part.p.{ixom A.-N' 
ABAi*T. \.abawer). Asham- 
ABAiscHT, [ed; abashed. 

Aad anboxome y-be, 
Nouht abauted to aj^te 
God and alia good men. 

Fieri Pl^^,%\&. 
Th« sodem eaaa the man attoneyd tho, 
1 i-alxeoi he wax, aheiickt, and al qpakjng. 
I was ebmu^ite, be oore Lorde, 
Of «XT best* heme*, i^or/* Jrtkure. 
Abakward, <ufv. Backwards. 
ABAxrexATE, V. (Lat.) To alien- 
ate ; to transfer property from 
one to another. 
Abakde, 9. To abandon; forsake. 
Am! Vortigern eoTont the kingdom to 
»iud. Spen$€r. 

Lei at therefore both cruelty aiande, 
Andprodcnt iceJce both god* and men 
10 please. Jiinmr/or MayisircteM. 
&BAXDON, adv, {A.'N. a bandon, 
at discretion). Liberally; at dis- 
cretJOD ; freelr, folly exposed. 
A/lir this Bvift gift tis bat renson 
We are ha gode too in abandon. 


His ribbet and scholder M ndonn. 
Men might m the li\cr ah,m' 

Jrtkvur amd Meriim, p. 223. 

Abandukb, V. {A.-N.) To subject ; 
to abandon. Skelion. 

Ababct, f. {Med. Lat. abartia.) 

Ababb, r. {A.-S. abarian). To 
make bare. 

Ababbb, r. (from A.-N. abarrer). 
To prevent. 

BedacTnge to reraemfirannce the prrvrd 
mrrooryes and penietuall irrtc.wn.U 
iartrs of the f«njou«r pnncft •»! I« 
which did not only «6arr/^)dolianc Mid 
other ungodlyiicne. ».«t utterly ibo- 
liahed aii occds^ont of the same. 

MomMtic Letter*, p. 209. 

Ababstick, a. Insatiahleness. 
Abarstir, adj. More downcast. 
Myght no man be aharsHr. 

Towneley iffitaiet. 

Abask, v. {A.-S. abaiaser). To 
cast down ; to humble. Speruer. 
Among illiterate per«ons, it is 
still used in the sense of debate. 

**1 wouldn't abase my*t\{ by deaccndiug 
to hokl any converaMnim « iih l.iiii." 

Oliver Twitt, \\\, 134. 

Abashment, t. {A.-N.) The state 

of being abashed. 
Abast, part. p. Downcast. See 

Abastardizb, r. {A.»N. abaitar^ 

der). To render illegititnate or 

Abasurb, *. (A.-S.) Abasement. 
Abastick, adj. Insatiable. 
Abataylment,*. (^.-M) Battle- 
ment. Sir Gawayne, p. 30. 
Abate, v. {A.-N.) (1) To subtract. 

Abatyn, subtraho. Prompt. Parv. 

It was the technical term for the 

operation in arithmetic. 

(2) To beat down, or overthrow. 

(3) To cast down, or depress the 
mind. Shake»p. 

(4) To cease. 

Ts coatinsttuce abated eny liost to make. 
J^olUical Songs, p. 21tt> 




(5) To contract, or cut thort. 

(6) To lower, applied to banners. 
Common in this sense in the 
metrical romances. 

Alle the banen that Cnrsten foonde 
Tliey were abatytU. 

Octovian Imp., 1743. 

(7) To flutter, or beat with the 
wings. A hawking term. 

An hawke that trnreyleth npon the 
teyne, a man may knowe if he take 
hcdc, for Buche ia her mancr that ihe 
wolde pante for ahatyng tlieii another 
doth, for in and if site ahold fle a litcU 
while ainioste ahe wulJe loae her breth, 
whether ahe be high or lowe. 

B€Uq, Antiq., i, 800. 

(8) To reduce to a lower temper, 
applied to metal. 

(9) To disable a writ. A law 

Abatbmbmt, t. {A,-N.) (1) "A 
mark added or annexed to a 
coat [of arms] by reason of some 
dishonourable act, whereby the 
dignity of the coat is abased.'' 
Holme* 8 Academy of Armory, 
(2) A diversion or amusement. 

Abaty, V, (A,'N,) To abate. 

And ttiat he for ys nerew wolde, for to 

abatjf atryf, 
Do hey amendement, aawrc lyme and lyf. 
Bob. Glouc. 

A^KJJT, prep. About. North. 

^ V. (from A.'N. abaubir 

Abawb, or abaudir.) To asto- 

ABAUB, S- nish, to confound, used 

ABATB, by Chaucer, and writers 

J of his time. 

For. aoche another, aa I gesae. 
Afornc ne iraa, ne more vcmiaile; 
1 was abawed for merveile. 


My mirth and roelia ia fit<iting. 
My countenance ia nireti, 
And al abatced where ao I be. 

The Drevu, 614. 
Many meu of his kynde aauh him !>o 
' "• LMgt^*4 Chron., p. 210. 

(2) (A.'S.) To bow; to bend. 

Alle the knvghtea of Wnlia londe. 
Ho icade »^toe to his honde. 

Cambridge MS. o/Utk Cent. 

Abawt, prep. Without. Staffordeh. 
Abayb, v. (from A.^N. abayer.\ 

To bark. 
Abay, *. {A.'N.) The barking of 

dogs ; at abay, at bay. 

And this doon, ercry man atond abrml 
and blowe the deeth, and make a abort 
abay for to rewarde the lioundea, and 
every man have a arnal roddc yn hia 
houd to holde of the hounJra tlutt thri 
shttl the better ahoye. MS. Bodl. 540. 

Thuathe foreat they fraye. 

The hertia bade at abaye. 

Sir Degretants, Line. MS. 

Abat, V. To suffer a heavy pe- 
nalty; to abie. This form is 
given by Skinner. See Abie. 

Abayschid, lr''lf'^5^*o^' 
abaysshbttb, r^A^^.'^!!?^- See 
J Abatssed. 
Abatst, part. p. {A.-N) Disap- 

And that when that they were travyat 
And of hcrborow were aboyst. ' 

Brit. Bibl., It, 83. 
Abb, *. (from A.'S. ab.) The yarn 

of a weaver's warp. 
ABBARAYBD,/;aff /. Started. 

And aftyr that he knonnynply ahbarttyed, 
Aiid to the kynjf evyn thus he aiivd. 

Lydffate'a Minor Pocuu, p. 4. 

Abbas, e. An abbess. 

Abb AY, V, {A.-N. abbayer.) To bay; 
to bark. See Abay. 

Abbbx, v. To have. Glouc. Dif- 
ferent parts of the verb in this 
form are found in Robert of 

Artnre, Uter aone, of wan we tolde byvore. 

Ye abbyth y-hurd hou he waa bygete and 

Abbess, 9. According to Grose, 
this is a vulgar name for the 
mistress of a disreputable esta- 

Abbky, 8. {A.'N.) The great white 
poplar, a variety of the popuiue 
alba. H'eelm. Yor/ke. 

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ABBiT-LiTBnK, t. A term of re- 
pnMch for kile persons. Soaur- 
9et, Yorit. It is found in most 
of the earif dictionaries. 
"Xdtlwr VIS I mndi unlike those «M<y- 
luUenuk ny life, though farre unlike 
tken in behef, vho laboured till they 
were coit" Zy//, E»fku€t. 

Ite Bort of that which they did bestow 
VM oa the nrhe, and not the poore in 
iede, as ^Li, lame, blinde, sicke, or im- 
potent, bat lit her lubbera that mi?ht 
vorke and would not. In lo much tha t 
H eaae into a eommen proverbe to raJJ 
hiai as mhiay-lubSfr, that was idle, vel 
fed, a loni; lewd lither loiterer, that 
Bti^t vorke and would not. 
Tie Burmyngt tfPamlu CkmrtK 1S6S. 

Abbiggct, 9. To expiate: make 
amends for. See Abie. 

Abbod, f. (^^5.) An abbot. Bob. 

Abbreviats. par/. /). {Lat.) De- 
creased; shortened. 

Abbbochmsnt, •. {A.'N.) Ingross- 
ing of wares to sell by retail. Cock. 

Abbbochb, 9. (A.'NJ) To broacb 
a barrel Prompt. Porto. 

Abbut, cwy. Aye but. Yorhn* 

Abbtt, f. A habit. 
And ehanmes gode he dede therinne, 
Unther the ahhyt of aeynte Austviiiie. 
IfnyA/i St. Patrick's Purgatory, p. 6fl. 

Abcb, t. The alphabet. A not un- 
common word in the 16th Cent. 

Abdetkkham, a. An astrological 
term for the bead of the twelfth 
bottse, in a acheme of the 

Aboucb, v. {Lat. abdueo.) To lead 

From the whyeh opinion I rolde not 
^ttte thnu with al my enderor. 

StaU Paper*, temp. Hen. VIU. 

Abbab, v. (from A.'S. aberan.) To 

deport ; to condnct. 

So did the £Krie knif^ht himself* aiean. 

And eunped oft hia head from shame 

to shield. Spenser. 

Good abearing, or abearance, the 
proper and peacefiil carriage of a 
loyal subject. A law phrase. 
Whereof edie one was pledge and 
samic for others' good akecwins. 

Umharie't Peramb. of Kent, 15M. 

Abearance is still the technical 
word, in law, for such behaviour 
as the law deems unexceptionable. 
(2) To bear; to tolerate. A Tul- 
Abpxb, t. The alphabet; and, 
from this, the elements of a sri. 
ence. Found in wnters of the 
14th and 15th CenU. 
Clerr he was gcd ynou, and ynt, as me 

teileth me. 
He was more titan ten yer old ar he 
couthe jB ahrce. Jtuh. b'lonc.^ p. iiAi. 
A pbce, a« man mnr ae, 
Quan a chyid lo aco'lr taltet be. 

A b<>k hym is bruwt, 
Nayhd on a brede of tre, 
That men cal'yt an aUce, 
Pr«tylych i-wrout. 

Belig. Antiq., i, ft^. 
Whan that the wise man acomplcth 
Aftir the lormrl propirl^ 
Of aigorumea abrce. 

Gawer, US. Soe. AmL 
i. e. the she, or elementa. of anthmeiic. 
Abbcbdahian, t. (Lat. abeceda^ 
rius.) One who teaches or learns 
the alphabet. Mnubeu. 
ABECEDAnr, adj. Alphabetical. 
Abbcbbd, part. p. {A.'N.) Fed; 

pt schnlde I anm delle been aheckei. 
And for the tyme wei refrfrltt-d. 

GoKrr, MS. Hoc. Int. 

Abed, adv. In bed. Var. diaL 

Abedb, v. (A.-S.) To bid; to 

offer. In MSS. of 14th Cent. It 

also occurs as the past tense of 


Abbbr, v. To bear with ; tolerate. 

Abeggb. See Abie. 

In the MS. of Gower, belonging 
to the Society of Antiquaries, we 
have abege, used as though the 
ff were soft- 
He woMe don hia snerilege. 
That many a man it tchutde aiege. 
So in Urry, a passage from Chau- 
cer's Cant. T. is printed— 
There durst no wi^ht hand on him ledge. 
But he ne swore be ahold abedge. 

AnEiAAVvn, 9. (^A.'N.) Obedience, 




Abbldb, «. (^.-S.) To become bold. 
Thea folk of Perce (cnn abeldf. 

Kgng Al}ftavnd<r, 2443. 

Abblv, ». (ji.'N.) The white pop- 
lar. A common name in the 

ABBL.WHACKBT6, 8. A gtme of 

carda played by sailors; the 
loser is ))«aten with a knotted 
handkerchief, of which he re- 
ceives a blow, or whack, for each 
lost game. 

Abbltchb, adv. Ably. 

Abbnchb, adv. Upon a bench. 
^b. Gloue, 

Abbnt, f. A steep place. Skinner. 

Abequitatb, V. (Lat. abequUo.) 
To ride away. This word is 
given by Minsheu, in his Guide 
into Tonguetf 1627. 

Abbbdatinb, «. A provincial name 
for the siskin {JringiUa tpimte 
of Linnnus). 

Abbrb, v. {A.'S.) To bear. Rob. 
Glouc. See Abear. 

Abbbbmord, 9. (A.'S.) A law 
term, meaning murder fully 
proved, in distinction from man- 
slaughter and justifiable homi- 
cide. Juniua. 

Abbring, f. A law phrase for the 
proper carriage of a loyal subject. 
See Abearing, 

Abbrnb, adj. Auburn. 

Long aheme beardes. 
CuHmngham*i Revels Accounts, p. 56. 

Abbssb, V. {A.-N.) To humble. 

See Abate. 
Abbstob, f . A kind of stone. 

Among itonet abeslor, which being hot 
wil never be colde for our constancies. 
Lyl/s Mothtr Bombie, 1594. 

Abbt, t. Help ; assistance. 
Abbttbs, 8. Abbots. Monatiic 

Letter8, p. 206. 
ABEW,/>r^. Above. Devon. 
Abbyb, 9. (1) See Abie. 

(2) To bow ; to obey. 
AbbtdBi v. To abide. 

Abbttbd, part. p. {A.'S.) En- 
snared. In MSS. of 15th Cent. 

Hys flesshe on here wrb to mheyted. 
That thjlke womman he coveyteyd. 

ABBT5BD0UN, pa8t t. pL They 
obeyed. A form found in MSS. 
of the 15th Cent. 

Aborboatb, v. (Lot.) To lead out 
of the flock. Minsheu. 

Abhominablb. a pedantic forin 
of the word, prevalent in the 
16th Cent., and arising from an 
erroneous notion that it was de- 
rived from ab and homo. Shake- 
speare ridicules it in Latere La^ 
bour Lo8t, V, I. 

Abhor, v. {Lat.) To protest 
against, or reject formally. A 
term of canon law. 

Abhorrant, 8. A person who 
abhors. Minsheu gives this word 
in his Guide into Tonguee, 1627. 

Abid. Used as the past tense of 
abide^ in writers of the 16th and 
17th centuries. 

Abidancb, 8. Dwelling ; tarrying. 

Abiddbn, part. p. Endured. 

Abide, v. (from A.'S. abidan.) (1) 
To persevere; to endure; to 
suffer. Pegge gives the phrase, 
** You must grin and abide it," 
applied in cases where resistance 
is in vain. It is used by Lydgate 
in the sense of to forbear ; and 
it still occurs provincialiy in the 
sense of to tolerate. 
(2) It occurs sometimes as an- 
other form of Abie. 

Abie, ^ v. (from A.'S. ahic^ 
abiggin, gan.) To expiate; 
ab^, atone for; make 

abboob, amends; pay for. A 
ABBTB, S-word of very commoti 
ABTCHB, occurrence in early 
ABiTB, MSS., and in a great 
ABUY, variety of forms of 

ABUY;B, J orthography. 

ITero he had the dcstenee 
That the povre man xulde ahi, 

ReHq. JMtiq., i, 03. 

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TWduite «o v%ht bimd npoB lihD Ugge, 
Hat k Be tror uum be lehald »byye. 

Ckmmecr, C. T. 8t»i. 

Tfaerefim I rede, keepe the tX home; 

For tfaom tkalt aky^ for that is dose. 

Tba itirt In Sander Sydcbreclie, 
lad 8vere^ be hi* fader sovle, be ichnJde 
^fche. EwUmg of Ike Bart, 179. 
Ve, ja, that ibal tboo eore aMU. 

ToKneUy Mpsterieg, p. 16. 
m ryot ihaa sebalt now tiJbwtt. 

Pmw of W. MMpe$, p. 84&. 

ABivixo, (1) «. An abode; per- 
•everaDce; suffering; sojourning. 
These four senses of the word 
ire found in Rida^M DielUmarie, 

(2) adj. Patient 

And bold and ainipige 
Bwu M fc t to soffre. 

Fien PI. p. 413. 

(3) In MS. of the 15th cent., 
ahidyngeiy is used adverbially, 
for remaining. 

lad in myn houolde ben abiJpufely, 

ABtGGEDB, V. {A.'S,) To Suffer. 

Tbe widie sehal it aiiggede. 

UgemL CkthaH^ p. 806. 

ABIUlfZNTr ABILMKNT, «. (1) Hs- 

billment. A common ortho- 
graphy of the 16th and begin. 
Ding of tbe I7tb centuries. 
(2) Ability. 

Nerer Ur*d gentleman of greater merit, 

Hope, or aA^UmuMt to steer a kingdom. 

FoH, Brolm Heart. 

Aiiii.L,v. To make able. See^di^. 
Abillskb, adj. Stronger; more 

AUSHere thane erer was 

Syr Ector of Troye. MorU Jrtkw. 

Abimk, 8. (J,'N,) An abyss. 

Abiktsstatb, adj. {Lat.) Intes- 
tate. Mhuheu. 

Abishbeing, s. (A.'N.) "To be 
qnit of amerciaments before 
whomsocTer of transgression." 
Rastall, quoted by Cotrell. Kider, 
in his Dictionarie, translates it 
by/fco «o» redilutt. 


Abit, (1) prei. t 3J f*rf. ting, of 
Abide. Abideth. Common in 
Chancer, and the early writers. 

(2) 8, A habit; clothing. Roh. 

Ottt of ys ehyt anon Vortifer hym draw, 
And clothes, as to kyng Bicome, dnds on 
him faire y-uo«}. 

(3) 8. A habit or custom. 

(4) 8. An obit, or service for th« 
dead. Apotogyfor the LoOarde, 
p. 103. 

Abitaclb, «. {LaQ A habitation, 
or dwelling. 

In whom slso be ^e bildid togidre into 
the a$itaele of God in the Hooli Goost. 

Abitb.(1)«. AhabiUtion;adwell- 
lb le?e his aM/#, and pon hit waie. 

Rom. qftke Bom, 4014. 

(2) 9.{A.'N.) A habit. 

Also wymmen in rorerable aklte with 
Bcbamcffistneiieand sobreaesse anugoje 

Wuhmfe^i New TetUment, 1 Tym. ii. 

(3) 9. See Abie. 

(4) r. (from A,'S. abiian,) To 

Abited, adj. Mildewed. Kent. 

Abitbn, part. p. Bitten ; devoured. 
A thoutent shepich babbe aiiteitt 
And mo, tef hy werfn i*wriien. 

Retiq. Jntiq., ii, 876. 

Abition, 8. (Lat.) Going away; 
dying, toekeram. 

Abittb, pr, tenee. t. from dbiden. 

Abjbct, {Lat.) (1) «. A base, des- 
picable person. 

I deemed it better so to die. 
Than at my foeman'i feet an abject lie. 
Mirrourfar Magutratee, p. 30. 

(2) V. To reject ; to cast away. 
Abjection, 8, {Lot.) (1) Baseness, 


(2) An objection. 

For they most take in hande 
To prech, and to witbstnnde 
* " of abieeiioHS. 

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Abjects, t. (from the Lai, abjeeti.) 
Castaways ; persona abjected. 
Shakespeare^ 8 Richard III. 

Ablactation, «. (Lat.) A par- 
ticular method of grafting, where 
the cyoo is as it were weaned by 
degrees from its maternal stock, 
bat not wholly cat off, till it is 
firmly united to the stock on 
which it is grafted. See the 
Dictionarium Mwtticum. 8vo. 
Lond. 1726. 

Ablamd, par/, p. (A.^SJ) Blinded. 

The walmes ban the ahUmd, 

Snjfu Saga, 8468. 

Ablaqubation, 8, (Lat.) The 
practice of opening the ground 
about the roots of trees, for the 
admission of air and water. 

Ablastb, t. (A,^N.) A cross-bow. 

•' Prompt. Pare. 'The correspond- 
ing Latin word balitta in the 
Prompt. Parv. does not give a 
▼ery definite explanation. It is 
said to be synonymous with the 
cross-bow; but in a passage in 
Hall, a distinction seems to be 
made between them. The arb- 
last was doubtless, like the cross- 
bow, a weapon used for the pro- 
jection of arrows, but perhaps of 
a more formidable character, for 
from Hall it would appear that 
there was a difference of some 

JiBLASTKf past t Blasted. It oc- 
curs in the MS. of Gower in the 
Soc. Ant. Library. 
Venym and fyre togedir he caste. 
That he Jason so sore ahlatte. 

Able, v. {A.-N.) (1) To make 
able, or to give power for any 

And life by this (Christ's) death aJhUd, shall 

Death, whom thy death slew. 

Donn^a Divine Poems. 

(2) To warrant, or answer for ; 
to undertake for any one. 

None does offend, none; I say none ; Pit 

aJble *em. Lear, iv, 6. 

Admitted ! aye. into her heart, PU able it. 

Wldovo't Tears, O. P., vi, IW. 

Constable 7'U aife Mm; if he do come 
to be a justice afterward, let htm thank the 
keeper. Changeling, Ane. Dr., iv, 840, 

To sell away all the powder in the kingdom. 

To prevent blowine up. That's safe, iU 

able it. Middl. Game at Ckesse. 

(3) To make fit or suitable for. 

God tokeneth and assygneth the times, 
ablj/nge hem to therpropre offyces. 

The 1*/ Boke ofBoetxus. 

Wlierfore what tyme a man dooth what 
he may in ahlynge hym to Ktaee, hit 
safflcith to him, for God askith not of a 
man that he seeth impodsible to hyai. 
Carton's Divers Drvytful Ghottly MaUrs. 

(4) 0^, Fit; proper. 

A monk ther was, a fair for the maiatriew 
An out-rydere, that loved venerye ; 
A mauly man, to ben an abbot able. 

Chaucer's Canterh. Tales, 165. 

(5) Wealthy. Herefordsh, North. 
An able man, t. e. a rich man. 

Ablrctick, adj. (from Lat. ab and 
lego.) Set out for sale. Cockeram. 

Ableoation, t. (Lat.) A dismis- 
sion ; a dispersion. 

Ablementes, «. Habiliments. See 

Ablende, o. {A.'S. ablmdan,) To 
blind; to dazzle. 

Ableness, «. Power ; strength. 

Ablent, part, p. Blinded; de- 

Ablepst, 8, {Gr. dpXt^ia.) Blind- 

Abless, adj.^ Careless and negli- 
gent; untidy; slovenly in per- 
son. Lmcohuh. 

Ablet, *. (A.-N. able.) The bleak, 
a small fresh-water fish. It is 
said by Ash in his Dictionary, 
1 795, to be " a local word ;" but 
ablette is given by Cotgrave as 
the French word for the same 
fish. It is still used in West* 

Ablewe, past t. Blew upon. 

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ABLicRv,aih^. Ably. MSS. of 15th 

Abliouht, a. (From Lai. abSffu- 

rio.) "Spending in belly cbeere." 

AsLiKmir, 9. (from ^.-5. ailm- 

dmL) To blind ; to dazzle. 

▼by nenettow thi mood for a mote 

Ib ibi brotheres esbe, 

^tken a been in thjn oweDO 

Fieri FlamgkmMM^ p. 199. 

AB1.IW8, mh. Perbaps; pottibly. 
Nwik, AtbUna is used in 
liitco&uft.; when n person has 
been taunted by another, and 
wishes to reply contemptnonsly 
to an inqniry whether be is about 
to do sncb and snch a thing, he 
will t^y, **aiblm$ I may, aiblnu 
I may'nt." 

Ablocatb, v. {Lai.) To set, or 
let out to hire, tliis is the ex- 
planation of the word in Cocke- 
ram*8 Biglith Dietumarie, 1639. 

ABLCDB,a<fv. Bloody; with blood; 
bleeding. We read in an Oxford 
MS. 14th cent., 

Ohibrioiis sat and brbeld 
Bow here lymet roone oNcde. 

Th*m Kie hyoe h^derandthyder y-cftehed 
fraoi relate to ^erode, 

So me bete hja bare flescbe, 
Tiat brjt ame all mbUxU. 

If. de Skortham. 

Ablot, hderj, {A.-N. ablo!) An 
exclamation used in hunting, and 
equivalent to On ! On ! 

Abludk, v. {Lai. abludo.) To dif- 
fer; to be unlike. 

Ablusion, t. {Lai.) A chemical 
term, for the cleansing of medi- 
cines from drugs or impurities. 

Abksoatiox, «. {Lai.) Self-denial. 
let me imitate ao bleaaed example, 
and )n the mehte of thT obedieoee, let 
me obtam tbe mee or Jiomility, and 
ehn^iitm of alTmj ovn desirea m the 
dcucat reBimeiatioD of my will. 

Ttyhr^s Great Exemplar. 

Abnokmb, V, {from Lai. ainormit.) 

To disfigure: disguise. Chaucer, 

Aboads, pari. p. qf abide* Suf- 
fered; endured. 

For all her majdena m«rh did fean^ 
If Oberoii had rhaDc'd to heare 
That Mab hia Qaeene ihoald hafo beena 
He would not ham ehoUe it 


Aboard, «. (from the Fr. aborder.) 
To approach the shore. 
(2) In some games, this phrase 
signifies that the person or side 
in the game, which was previ. 
ously either none or few, has 
now got to be as many as the 
other. Djfche. 

Abobbbd, adj. (from A,'N. abobf^ 
utonished.) Astonished. 

The messangen were ahobhfd tho, 
Thai niatCA what thai mitrhti-n do. 

Arthour and MerVtn, p. 74. 

ABOCCHYNOB, [^^^ "^ 

Abodb, r. {J.-S.) To bode ; to fore- 
bode. The word occurs in Shake- 
tpeare. Jbodemeni, #., is also 
used in the sense of an omen or 

(2) f. Delay. 

(3) Paei tense of abide. Waited 

Abofb, t. A dwelling; an abode. 

Wolde God, for his modurs Inf, 
Bnrng me onys at myne abofe^ 
1 were ont of theirc eye. 

Cambridge JJS.^ 16th cent. 

AnorFB, prep. Above. 

Be Jhcsa Cryst that is ahofr. 

Cokevolds Daunety 217. 

Aboobn, part. p. Bowed. 
Abohtb, pa$t tetue, sing., of Abie. 

Atoned for. Aboghten occurs as 


Marie he ther wrohte. 
Ah Rymenild hit ahohte. 

Kyng Horn, 1402. 

Abolbtb, adj. (Lai. aboHtus.) An- 
tiquated ; obsolete. Skelton 
speaks of ** abolete sdens," 

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Abon«, (1) 9, {A.-N.) To make 

good or seasonable ; to ripen ; to 

dispatch quickly. 

(2) prep. Above. 

{Z)adv. Well. 
And a good swerde, that wolde byte tibone. 
Sir OmPttyUf p. 317. 

Aboov, patt tense of abide. Waited ; 
expected; remained. 
And Cora die abood hem with hise 
cosyns and neeessarie frendii that weren 
clepid togidre. 

Wickliffc's Nete Tesiament, Acta x. 
Aboon, prep. Above ; overhead. 

Aboord, adv. From the bank. 
As men inRummerfearles passe the foord, 
Which is in winter lord of all the plaine. 
And with his tumbling streames doth beare 
The ploughtnans hope and ahepheards 
labour raiue. 

Spauer't Humes of Rome, 1591. 

Aboot, part. p. Beaten down. 

Aboovb, pret. Above. Went. 

Aboke, part.p. Born. SomersetMh. 

Abobmbkt, t. An abortion. Top- 
aell'a History of Four-Footed 
Beasts, 1607. W« have abors^ 
ment in Higt'ns' Nomenc1ator» 
and abort in Florio, ed. 1611. 

Abort, v. (Lat.) To bring forth 
before the time. 

Abortivb, *. {J..N.) An abor- 

Abostb, v. {A.'N.) To assault. 
A Bretone, a bniggere, 
Abotted Piers als. PierM PI, p. 126. 

Abotb. {I) part. p. Deatendown. 
(2) pret. About. 

They com the towne abotf. 

lieUq. AHliq., ii, 31. 

A BOTH B, prep. Ab ove. Art hour 

and Merlin f p. 18. 

Abougbt, (1) the past tense of 

abie. Atoned for. 

(2) Bought. 

, ; An incorrect form of about. 
Abouobwbd, part. p. Bowed; 

Abou.^, pr<7). Above. 

Thev snid t)jat songe was this to scy, 
Tu God dtonn be jov and blysse ! 

Tunetale's Vuion*. p. 158. 
Abounds, part. Abounding. 
Kyjt BO this mayde, of grace most abottndtr, 

Abour£, s. {A.-N.) The same as 
avouri; a patron. 
By God and Seynte Mary, myn ahourg. 


About, adv. (1) In a circle. It 
is used by Shakespeare in the 
sense of to work! as in Hamlet, 
ii, 2, " about, my brains !" t. e. 
** brains, go to work." 
(2) prep. Near, in the dialect of 
the Eastern Counties, where they 
say *< worth nothing <z3o«/ twenty 

Aboutrn, ado. About. Chaucer, 
Still used in Sussex. 

About-slbdob, s. a smith'a great 
forging hammer. 

About-ward, adv. Near. 

Abouyb, v. {A.'S.) To bow. Ro6. 

ABOvjTKf part, past of abie» 

Or it schalJe tone been abov'ite. 

MS. Gotccr. 

AbovkNj prep. Above. 

Abowb, v. {A.'S. abogan.) (1) T^, 

(2) V. To avow ; to maintain. 
In blood he stode, ich it abawe. 

Of horse and man into the anclorre 
BUm*9 Romanees, ed. 1811, i, 270. 

(3) prep. Above. 

Abowbd, part, p. Daunted • 
ashamed. Coekeram, * 

AaowRNj^rg?. Above. 

Abowbs, *. (A.-N.) Probably for 
aboures^ or avoures, patron sidn ts, 

God and Seint« Mary, and Scin Denis ni.^' 

And alle the aJbows of thischurche, in ^* 
ore ich am i-do. Rob. Gloue., p. ^V^* 

ABOWQur.prep. About. 
Abowtynb, adv. About. 
Abo^kdb, past t. Bowed. 
Aao^Ttpastt. Bought. 



Abead. pert. p. (from A.^S. abreo^ 
dgH.) Killed ; destroyed. 
The fode hargea on a dai. 
His jnapc Uin«'aide he aai. 
Fair t-vonce and fair i-tprad. 
Bat tbe oldetrc vas airod. 

Setfn Stifa, fllO. 
AiSAi>K, ». (Lo/. dbrado,) To rob, 

<7 terapeoff. 
Ab&aham-coi^vb, Abraham-co- 
LOUBCD. Supposed to be auburn. 
"A good] J, long, thick, Abraham- 
eoiottr'd beard/' ocean in Bturt 
Magter Cmuiable, 1602. See 
jihrawt twUMttu. 
Vkere if tht eldest son of Priaxn, 
tkA Jirmkam-colovr'd Trojan. 

SoUman and Peruda, 1399. 

Abbaham-mbx. The tiang name 
of a elatt of beggars in the six- 
teenth century. Nares thinks 
the phrBse " to sham Abraham " 
has some connection with it. 
As dbnham-maM is he that walketh 
tee-armed, aad bare-lef ged, and fayn- 
eth bjnself msd. and caryeth a packe 
Gf vGol. or a stjdce with baken on it. 
«r SBch Ijke toye, and namcth himaelf 

Frmlermitye of Vaeabomdes. 1575. 
Ria hdpe extends farre and neere to 
fkc^e rs^a-mnfflns, under the signe 
o( sBpotent s^diers, or waadring Jbra- 
ktM-mem: but his helpe prores the 
■aittteBanee of thnr function, because 
it proves his ovue, by occasion : for 
ibei^ reccnred as a secretary to the 
emndl of vag^ranta, hee conceales mnch 
idk property, in advantage of himsclfe 
and cooBtrTmen, not of the c<nuuon' 
Stefkm^s Etaajfi andCkaraeUrs, 1615. 

ABSABAJi's BALM, t. An old name 
for a species of willow. BuUo» 
kar, J&iffiisk Ezpositor, 1641. 
CodLeram explains it as '^ a wil. 
low in Italy that brings forth 
agBos castus like pepper." 
Abbaidb, v. (from A.-S. abradian.) 
(1) To awaken ; to start up. 
IpoaiydoB with that stroke abntjfde, 
Aad to the kynge thus he sayde. 

Ipomydon, 1149. 
^'^CD be espied the 'squire, therewith 
be tiirayed and break himself loose. 
aad took his tarord in bis hand, and ran 
tohaveiiaiBifaat 'aqufre. 

iWwy, Bist. qfK. Arthur, i. 419. 

11 ADR 

Vhan an to all 

ShHil coDie, he thall, 

1 trust irvm vyce abraffd. 

The A'rtP h'ofhoniHf ifatfd. 
Tbo sche herd the angd voice, 
Sche bigan to mhroyd. 

Legend ofSeynt MergreU, p. 116. 

(2) To apbraid. 

Boehas present felly gan abrayde 

To Measaline, and evrn thos he tnyde. 

Bockae, b. vu,'c. 4. 
Atrens after with a full brode rhcrfl. 
And of fnrve full dead in liys visMjtr, 
I nto John Boehas be enn appnichc ucrc, 
Liche as lie had befallen in a mjre. 
And fuhoosly mbrajfde In his lan^sge. 
Id., b. i, lol. \x\\. 

(3) To draw a iwnrd from its 

(4) To apply one'i self britkly to 
a thing. 

Jabrajfde, I inforca me to do a thrnee. 

(5) To rise on the stomach with 
a feeling of nansea. North, 

(6) To excite ; siir np. 
Abram. Naked. A cant word. 

*'Abram cove" is an expression 
used amongst thieves, signifying 
a poor manj and also a strong 
thief. ** Abram cove^ naked or 
poor man." Colet' Englith Die- 
tionary,l677. See also Mid- 
dleton's Works, iii. 32. 

Abram-colourvo. This phrase 
is used by Shakespeare in Corio- 
lanus, ii. 3: "Our heads are 
some brown, some black, some 
abratHf some bald, but that our 
wits are so diversly coloured." 
The folio of 1685 alters abram to 
auburn. See Abraham-coloured, 

Abrasb, v. (Lat.) To shave. This 
word occurs in Cockeram's Eng- 
lish Dietionarie, 1639. 
(2) Part. p. Smoothed; shaved. 
The fourth, in white, is Aphclcia, a 
nymph as pure and simple as tlie soul, 
or as an abraje table, and is therefore 
called SimpUelty. Ben Joneon, u, 366. 

Abrbad, 04^'. Unconfined; spread 
out; exposed. North, 

A BRED, part, p. Brought up. 

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Abrbde, (1) V, To wander. 
How Troilus ntrt out of his wittc abredtt 
And wept full sore, with visage pale ot'hewe. 
The Testament ofCreseide, 46. 

(2) adv. In breadth. North. 

(3) adv. Abroad. Yorks. It 
occurs in Chaucer. 

Abrbggr, 1 V. {A.'N.) To abridge; 
ABRRGB, j to shorten. 

Abrbkb, v. {A.'S. abrecan.) To 
break in. 

Abrenouncb, v. {Lat. abrentaUto.) 
To renounce utterly. 

Abrept, r. {Lat.) To take away 
by violence. 

Abreydb. See Abraide. 

Abric, f. Sulphur. Coki. 

Abricock, 1 f. (from Fr, ahrieot.) 

Abricot, J An apricot. In Ge- 
rard's Herbal it is spelt abre- 
cock. The form abricock is still 
in use in Somersetthire. "An 
abricotfruxte^ malum armenium." 
Baret*9 AlveaHe, 1580. 

Whose golden gardens seeme th* Hetperides 
to mock : 

Nor there the damzon wants, nor daintle 

J)rajfton*3 Pofyolbion, song 18. 

Abridgb,9, (A.'N.) To diminish. 

VThme chilling cold had bound her bowels 


As in no wise she could abridae his wo. 

TurbemlU*i TragieaU Tales, 1587. 

Abridgement, 8. The word was 
used in Shakespere's time (see 
Mids. N. D., V, 1) to signify a 
dramatic performance; perhaps 
from the prevalence of the histo- 
rical drama, in which the events 
of years were so abridged as to 
be brought within the compass of 
a play. In Hamlet /ix, 2, "Look 
where my abridgement comes," 
the sense is doubtful. But in a 
subsequent passage Hamlet calls 
the players "the abstract, and 
brief chronicles of the time." 

Abrioge, v. (1) To abridge. 
(2) To shield off. 
AUe myscheffes from him to ahritjffe. 


Abripted, part, p, {Lat.) Ra 

vished ; stolen away. Cockeram 

Abroach, Iv. (from A.'S. abrtB 

ABROCHR J can.) To tap ; to &e1 

flowing. Chaucer and Lydgate, 

And rushing in amongst his foes, so hoti 

a skirmish made. 
That every blowe sets blood ahroaeh. 

Warner's Albion's England, 1592 
Coll all my servants, lav down all my 
ment to the fire, set all my Img^hpntf) 
abroach. Shadwell, Bury fair, lOb'J. 

^ (1) adj. Broad. Min^ 

^^BRODi M2W^- I" P'«C«S J 

ABRODB, jgunder. Comxo. Away ; 
J in pieces. Dortet, 


adv. Abroad. North, 
part, p. 

Spread abroad. 

Abrodieticall, adj. (from Gr. 

dfipoUaiTOQ.) "A daintie feeder, 

or delicate person." Minaheu*9 

Guide into Tongues, 1627. 
Abroke, part. p. {I) One that 

has a rupture is said to be abroke. 


(2) Tom. Hampeh. 
Abroeen, part. p. Broken out ; 

Abron, adj. Auburn. 

A lustie courtier, whose curled head 

With ahron locks was fairly furnished. 
Hall, Sat., b. iU, s. 5. 

Abrood, ncfo. (1) Abroad. 

(2) Sitting, applied to a hen. 
Abrook, v. To brook, endure, 

suffer. Shakeipeare*9 Henry VU 
Abrupt, part, p. {Lat. abruptus.) 

Abruption, 9. {Lat.) A breaking 

off. Mineheu. 
Abryggb, v. To be shortened. 

My dayes. make y never so quaynte, 

Bchullen abrygge and sumuhat swage. 
Cambridge Ml 

Absconsion, t. {Lat. absconsio. 

Absist, v. {Lat.) To desist, 
Absolent, adj. Absolute. 
And afterward, syr, verament, 
They called hym knyght absolent. 

Si»yr <ifLowe Dcgri, 630. 





Absolvea; •«* 


jUwtBTf, «jr. Obsolete. 
AKOLcn, (1) «4f. (^^'O 

tceompiahed; perfect. 

(2) pert, p. 

libatj. CAaueer. 

■MBsedintbe amtoe •«"»*: 
(2) UDtnuaWe. Coeker-iMn*' 

Wrested away by f«f5^ j^ lii» 



briag to an end ^^^i^^^j,iiar^ 
maste ; to cat up. ^'>*»* ^ 

ployed when ^»i»Vf ^?rom t»^^ 

pra&aes of the oPP**lJ*^"l>i»*Ae«- 
AwHAiiE,.. ^.steward. Afa^ ^^^ 
Said to be the old ^itle o 
High Steward of S<5<>i)^^ 

To ^^^ 





AaroE, », (^.-SO 

offer. MS, \hth cent- 

Ajwnt, \ «- C^rom yi-^- 

ABTiv, I To bow ; to o 

KjlC Ayn«i0«t gret de^py t «!« 

Hii »« «a«Ad«U> l&»BllW««»**^j;. p. 234. 
A»CT, jnr^P- Atoov«- -^_^ -jf the 
^ery> to a6te, vvWicb »®®- .jl 



ABtnvPAKo. pari. «• Abonndii 
Abvndation, «. Abandance. // 

Aburnb, a{^. Aobani. It 
soraetimet «peU aboume, as la 
Triall of Witts, 1604. 
ABOCBiD,^r/./y. Arobashei 
Abuse, 9. {A.-N.) To decci 
to impose apon. Al/utable, \ 
may be abased, and abu9< 
abuse, were words employcfi 
the 17th century. 
A BUSED, /far/. ;». Fallen into abi 

become depraved. 
Ab USEFUL, adj. AbasiTe. Hi 

Abusbbment, a. An ambush. 
Abcshmbntlt, adv. In ambi 

Abusio.v, f. An abase. CAau 
and Spenser. 

He presuoieth and tnkrthnpon liri 
purtie your estate ro\<il in cailjii^' 
fore liym into jjfiatc uhusiun of \\ i j 
lande, and dtnij(;inou of your li;_-.! 
wliiciie haili not l>een scnc nor use 
no dayei heretofore. 

HiiU, Ueniy VI, fol, 
Abusious, adj. Abusive. 
Tlum a^M;r}V/w.f villnine! 

Taming of a Shrew, 1 

Abut, ecnj. Sometimes used in 

beginning of a sentence, wh 

no more is really meant t 

would be expressed by the w 

but. North. 

Abvttal,9. (A.'N.) Aboundi 

Abutsk. See Abie. 

Abvkb.t,v. (Lat.abverio.) Tot 

away. Cocieram. 
Abvolate, v. {Lot, abvolo.) 

fly away. Coc&eram. 
ABWEKE,prep. Above. 

Tlianc rorae of the oi jcnta 
Ew7ue hyme ajjayne* 
A hlake bustoiis 'bero 
Jbvm4 in tlie ciowdes. 

Abt, r. To abide ; to feel the ef 
of a thing. Shak. Midi. Niy^ 
Dream. Same as Abie. 

Abychb. See Abie. 

AAYDDK,part.p. of abide. 

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Abtdb, v. (AS.) To forbear. 
Chaucer. See Abide. 

A BYT, V. pret. t of abyde. Abi- 

deth. See ^^t/. 
Abyyd. a form of abide, found in 

some earlv MSS. 
Ac, conj. (A.'S.) But 
Acadbmb, 8, (Gr.) An academy. 

Love*9 Labour LotL 
AcADKMY, 8. This word is used 

by Ben Jonson, and Beaumont 

and Fletcher, with the accent on 

the first syllable. 
AcAiD, s. (A.-S. €eeed.) Vinegar. 
AcALR, adj. ^from A.-S. acalian, to 

cool.) Cold. 

For blood may snffre blood, 
Botlie baugry nnd acale. 

Jfiera Flaugkjnen, p. 898. 

AcA&NB, t. (Lat. acame.) The 

sea-roach. Kersey, 
AcA8, adv. By chance 
AcASiAN, $, " Acasian, that is jns 

of wodstone," Med. MS., 14th 

AcASTB, V. (A.'S.) To cast away ; 

to lose. 

The olde tre Lis vertn fnn aeaste. 

The Snyn Sage*, 600. 

(2) To lie cast away. 
Agate R, 8. (A.-N. acater.) A ca- 
terer ; a purveyor. 

He is my wardrobe man, my acater, coolc, 
Butler, and steward. Dnil is an Ass, i, 2. 

}f. {A.^N.) Victuals; 
provisions purchased. 
Abridged to cate, 
which see. 
Wlian I cam eerly or Inte, 
1 pincbcd uat at hem in myn acaU. 

Hocclete, i, 180. 

Cotgr&ve, defining the term pit- 
tance, says, it imported ** meat, 
food, acatee, victual of all sorts, 
bread and drink excepted." 

The Mantttan, at his diarfccs, bim allow*th 

AU fine aeaUs that tbat same country bred. 

MarriHff ton's Arivst., xliiij 139. 

Acatrt, 9. (A.'N.) The place al- 
lotted for the provisions pur- 
chased for the king by his pur- 

AcAusB, conj. Because. Suffolk. 

AcAWMi'y, pari.p. Coming. ^- 

AcAZB, prep. (A,'N*) Against. 
Mob. Gioue. 

AccABLB, V. (Fr.) To press down. 

AccAHiNT8,«. Accounts. Staffords. 

AccEKSKD^part.p. {Lat.) Kindled. 

AccBPcioN, «. (Lat.) Reception; 

AccBRSB, V. (Lat, accereo.) To 
summon; call together. 
Wlierfore the erle, oonsideryng that 
kyng Edward did dayly encrenae bys 
p«m-cr, as a runnyng'ryver by froynp 
more and more augmented, tbougbt it 
moste necessary for b^Tii to geve bim 
battayle with apedc, and tberupon 
acGCTsed aud called toiretber bvs armv. 

Access, 8, Used by Shakespeare 
in Hamlet, \\, \, accented on the 
first syllable. 

AccEssB, s. (in Lat. acceesue febris, 
the access of a fever.) A fever; or, 
more properly, the fit of an ague. 

For upon fiym he bad an note aecesse, 

Tbat dale by daie bym sboke full pitoushe. 
The CompiaiHt of the Blacke Kmght, 1S7. 

AccEssivBLiB, adv. (Lat.) Acces- 

sorily ; as an accessory. 
AcciDAVY, 8, An afiUdavit. North. 

18. (acctdia in medieval 
Lat., derived from the 
Gr. (iieij^m.carelessness, 
sloth.) Indolence, sloth. 
He badde an accidie. 
That be sleep Sutcrday and Sondar. 
Piers PL, p.' 99. 

ACCIPITB4. XY, 8. (Lat. accipitra- 
riu8.) A falconer. 

}v. (Lat. aceire.) To in- 
cite ; also, to summon, or 
call. Shakespeare, 2 
Henry IV, and Tit. And. 
We be all by Uie coudyc}*on egaU, now 
acytrd for to appere unto lucbe and 
801) merv«ylo«is jii«rcment. 
The Ordjfnarye qjf CrysUn ilen^ p. S20. 

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AccLin, 1 (Lot, ftdibtf.) Slo- 
ACCLITOU8, j ping ; riling ; steep. 
AccLOT, ». (1) {A^N.) To cram ; 
clog; 0Ter]<»d; doy. 

G.rt'Q. Bj oonfort is Mcdofd with eare, 
1. nev msbiip my wonted jojet hftUi 
Tl-.n nienaile aoi ahboBgli my mnsieke 

Wita iketlttaatliar of her mirth hath 

Ih!..!! .9 deal and in his emre is )&id, he. 

(2) (from the Fr, enchuer.) To 
<in\e a nail in ahoeing a horse. 
Hence, tteehyd,9., a wound given 
to a hone in shoeing, by driving 
the nail into the quick. 

AccoASTf •. To sail by the coaat; 
to At Bear the ground. 

>> is tbeit bavk that mantleth her on 

* ^iha i^ towering or aeeoastiaa low. 
SpeuMey* Faerie Queem*. 

AccoiL, 9. {A.'N.) To be in a eoiV, 
or bustle of boainess. 

About Uie cnUron many cookes acoyU 
^•Ui hooks aiidlad;es. 


AccoLE, 1 ». {J..ff, aeeoler,) To 

ACOLB, J embrace round the neck. 

Hence, accolade, the ceremony 

of rmbradng, at the creation of 


T: f c cro&» be the knyjt, and kyssct hym 

^ uverir wd sadly ts he hem seUe coatbe. 
Syr Gawityne, p. 71. 

AccoLDKD, pitrt. p. Become cold ; 
suffering from cold. 
*ljra tbis knyght that was aecfiUed.— 
au hit was grcte f rostc, — and be saw 
We f J re, be desceodide of Ins bojsc, 
tad )cde to the fjtt, and vnrmide bim. 
6e$ia RoBUMorum. 

AccoHBBaous, <ujf. Camberaome; 

iccoMBat. 1 ••(^-'^•) Toencnm. 
ACCJiBa*. r^'» perplex, or de- 
J stroy. 

Cii of Warwike mi name is; 
Ivel ich am mamhred y-wia. 

Gf ^ WmrwUx, p. 817. 

HsppWe tharc auy be Ave less in the «sm 

nomore ; 
Jw tiieir sakea I trwt thn wilt not the 

rest accomkrt. OU I'lay, t, iHK 

ACCOM If oDATK, V. (from the ItaL 
aeeommodare.) This word it 
was faahionable in Shakespeare's 
time to introduce, properly or 
improperly, on all occa^^ions. 
Ben Jonson calls it one of ** the 
perfumed terms of the time." 
The indefinite use of it is well 
ridiculed by BardoIpU's vain at- 
tempt to define it : 
AeeommodMted : tbat is. when a man is, 
as Ibey stv, accutu..njjxtfd : or when a 
man it, — W.ns:,— wherrby, — he msv be 
tboujebt to bf. — accomm'ilnted ; which 
is an excellent \\t\u%. 9 Uen. IV, m. 2. 

Hostess, accomiHodaU ns ailh another 

The « oiiiua does not understand the words 
of acttun. 

B. Jon., R9. M. in B., i. 5. 

Will yon present and ac€ommjJ4ite it to the 

Id , ToeUuUr, iii, i. 

Accomplish, v, (A,-N.) To fur- 
nish; to perform. Shakesp. 
Merck. Ven. and 7am. Shrew. 

Accompts, v. (A.'N.) To tell ; to 
recount. Skellon. 

Acconfkrmekt, t.{A.'N.) A oon- 
firmatioo. Rob. GUmc. 

AccoRAGB, V. To encourage. $Mm- 

ACCORATB-BABTH, «. A field; 

green arable earth. North. 
Accord, la. {A.^N,) An agree- 
ACORD, J meat ; a decision. 
Shakespeare uses this word in 
the sense of agreemetU in At 
You Like It ; as a verb, to agree, 
in Romeo and Juliet; and ac- 
eordant, agreeable, in Muck Ado 
about Nothing. 
TboQ opene DiTne lyppen. Lord, 
Let feltbe of seiiiie out wende, 
Anil mv nioutlie wvtli wel gi/d acori 
Scbel tli>ue wor^clivpvuK sn de. 

Williawi de a/iorckam. 

Sire knight, qnoUi he, maister and my 

Kow diuweth cut, for tbnt is mm Mrni. 
C'kaucer'* LoiUcrbnry ttUa, b39. 

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AccoRDAUNT, part, a. Agreeing. 
Suche thynge whereof « man may lere, 
That to vciiu is <w»r(/««M'. ^ 

Oowrr, MS, 

The printed edition of Gower has 

the vord acordend, 

Nowc mvght ihou here next sev-end 


Gower^ ed. lo32, f. 86. 

According, part, a. Granting. 

AccoRT, adj, {A,'N. cccort,) 

Warv; prudent. Miraheu. 
Accost, v. {A.-N.) To address 

one's self to a person or thing ; to 

approach ; to attempt, or try. 
AccouNSAYL, ©. To counscl with ; 

8. counseL 
AccouNX, V. {A.-N.) To reckon. 

Long workc it were 
Here to account llic endleaae progeny 
Of all the weed* that bud and bloMome 
there. ___ . ^.^ 

Spenser's Faerie Queene, lU, vi, SO. 

Accountant, adj. Accountable. 

And, I dare think, be'll prove to Deadcmona 
A moat dear huaband. Now, 1 do lo?c her 

Not out of absolute luat, though, pcrad- 


Othello, n, 1. 

AccouPLB, «. (A.-N.) To couple, 
or join together. Acopled is used 
in the Piumpton Corr,, p. 50, for 

AccooRAOB, V, To encourage. 

AccouRTiNO, part, a. Courting. 

AccoY, V, {A,'N, accoyer.) To 
appease; extinguish; to render 
shy or coy ; to pacify. 

Thou foolish awain that thua art oreT}oy*d, 

How aoon may here thy couraee be accoy*d. 
Peele's Eglogue GnUulatorie, lo$9. 

AccoYNTKD, part, p. Acquainted. 

AccRASB, V, (Fr.) To crush ; to 

yjnding my youth myspent, my aub- 
•tance ympayred, my CTcdyth accrased, 
my talent hvddcn, my follves laughed 
alt. my re'wyne uupytted, and my 
trcwlh unemployed. 

Queen's Trogretses, 1, M. 

16 ACB 

AccRBA8B,v. (from Lat, aecresco: 
To increase : to augment. 

AccREW, t>. {Fr,^ To increase ; t- 
accrue. Spenser, 

But sight and talke aeerew to love, tli 
substance must be had. 

Wanur*s Albion's England, ISOi 

AccRocBB, V, (Fr.) To gather 

to catch hold of; to increase 

to encroach. 
AccROMBNT, «. (from Fr, accruer , 

Addition ; increase. 
AccuB, 8, The footmark of an; 

animal. Cockeratn. 

'=::}- (-^-^o To-'-- 

TVhich is lif that oure Lord 
In alle lawea acurseth. 

Piers PL, p. S7I 

AccvsB, V, iA.'N.) To discove 
or betray. 
Tlie entrees of the yerde aentseth 
To him that in the vratir nniseth. 

Rom, of the Rote, 1691 

(2) 9, Accusation. Shakespeart 
AccusBMBNT, 8, An accusatton. 

We do apperceyre by the relatinn < 
▼our graces commissiuners Mr. doctou 
Wh and Mr. Williams, that divers 
and sondrye aecusementes have bci 
made upon'ua unto your highnea. 

Monastic Letters, p lo^ 

AcB OF Spadbs. a widow. Thi 

slang word is given in the LeAi 

con Balatronicum, 8vo, LfOQdi 

AcELR, V, To seal. Rob, Ghuc, 
Acenten, V, To assent. 
Acerbate, v. {Lat,) To mak 

sour or sharpen. 
AcBROTB, 8, Brown bread. JUin 

AcBRSBCoxxcK, 8, One whose hai 

was never cut. Cockeram's £nd 

liah Dietionarie, 1639. 
AcBRTAiNED, part, p, Infonnei 

certainly; confirmed in opinion 
AcERVATE, V, (Lat,) To hea] 

AcEscBNTi adj, {Lat.) Sour. 





Acisi. 9. (J^N,) To ceaM; to 

AciTARss, «. {Pr.) A talad of 

small herbt. Coderamt, 1639. 
AcKTH. A form of ow/A. See 

Jedk %n tmiMft. nHifkctio. 

tt^BKpt. Pan^ ed. 1409. 

Acs, t. Snallage ; waler-pftnley ; 

AcHASXB, V. (from Pr. aehanur,) 
To set on ; to aggnvate against. 

AcHAT,t.(i^.-Ar.) (1) Acontmct; 
aTiargain. Chamctr, 
(2) BargainiDg. 

Coeaptigfl it to laie, ronea aekmU or 
bojiB^ together, that were estalil:shed 
n-ptja \ht peple by »oche a numer ini' 
■ « fao M Wu^t m busit«ll of 

corne, he mast jeren the kjug the 
fiv«Ui parte. ChaMeet'* Bottkiut. 

Achates, «. (J.-N.) An agate. 
AcHATouK, f. (i/.-A"!) The person 

who bad the charge of the acatry ; 

the parreyor. 

A ;:ejittl msBueiple vas tlier of a temple. 
Of viudi ueiatomn mif hteu tAke exemnle. 
CUmetr, C. T., 569. 

AcBAUFB, o. (Fr.) To warm ; to 

AcBAVNGSD, pm-t. p. Changed. 
AcHK, f. An ash tree. Phtmpton 

Corrttpomdenee, p. 188. 
AcBB-BOKB, #. The hip-bone. 
AcH ELOR, 9. Ashlar, or hewn stone. 

This form occurs in a Yorkshire 

docameot, temp. Hen. VIII. 
AcBza,^^ Was Sequent ]y used as 

a dissvDable. See HudiiraM, III, 

ii. 407. 
AcBBsooM, V. (J^N, aekaiton,) 

Beason; cause. 
AcBXTTBy 9. To escheat. Prompt, 

AcBtyE,9.(i#..iV.) To aceonpliah. 

AcBOKKo, jmt/. j9. Choked. 
AcBoa, a. A soib od the head of 

AcBoaif, a. An acora. CAetAtre. 

AcisB. For assise. 

AciTB, ». (^...V.) To cite; sum- 
mon. See Aeeiie. 

AcK, V. To mind; to regard. 

AcKKB, 1 a. (apparently from ^.-5- 
AKBB, J c^or, the flowing of thr 
sea.) This word is explained 
in the early lexicographers I'V 
the Latin tii^pefiia mmrU, and is 
stated to he that which prr. 
cedes the *' flood or flowing.'* 
Eagtr, and Higer, are vanatiiinR 
of the same term. The follow- 
ing extract from MS. Cott. Titus 
A., xxiii, f. 49, further explains 
the meaning of the word : 

Wei know llify therrume xt it aryie. 

An aker i« \i r'lept, I uiiderBfonde, 

When mvght Utere may no liuppe or vjnd 

Thii reume in thorrian of propre kynde, 
Wytoute wynde halhe hia c<>n«moi oun; 
The marjneer theror may not be hhude. 
But when and where in every re)c><'iin 
It re«iietbe, be moste have iitsfXTtmun ; 
Vor in Ttaiee it may bbthe haste and tajj, 
And, onanaed thereof, al myscary. 

It appears that the word aekfr 
is still applied on the Trent to a 
dangerous kind of eddying twirl 
which occurs on the river when 
it is flooded. In the dialect of 
Craven, a ripple on the surface 
of the water is termed an acker, 
(2) ». (A,'S, aeer.) An acre; 
afield. YorktK 
. (3) Fine mould. North, 

AcKBBN, 8, An acorn. A Northern 
word, used principally in West- 
moreland and Cumberland. 

AcKKRSPBiT,«. {A.'S.) Wilbraham 
explains this word as being said 
of potatoes when the roots have 
germinated before the time of 
gathering them. Corn, and par- 
ticularly barley, which has ger- 
minated hefore it is malted, is 
said, in the East of England, to 
be aereapirtd. 

AcKaBSPirsLS. A word in use 

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amongst masons and stone-get- 
ters (or del vers) in the neigh- 
bourhood of Huddersfield, &c., 
in reference to stone which is 
not of a free workable quality, 
but, on the contrary, is of a very 
hard, flinty, or metallic quality, 
and difficult to work. 

AcKBTouN,«. {A.'N.) A jacket of 
quilted leather, worn under the 
mail armour; it is sometimes used 
for the armour itself. 

Ac KNOW, t?. (A.-S,) To acknow- 
ledge. North. It occurs not 
unfrequently in the Elizabethan 

AcKSBN, 8. (A.'S.) Ashes. Wilts. 

Ac&WARDs, adv. Applied to a 
beast when it lies backwards, and 
cannot rise. 

AcLiT, adj. Adhered together. 

AcLiTB, adv. Awry. North. 

AcjLOYB. See Acehy. 

AcLUMsiD, part. p. (A.'S.) Be- 
numbed with cold. 

AcMB, s. (from Gr. die/ii}.) Mature 
age. Jonson. 

AcoATHED, adj. Rotten or diseased 
in the liver, as sheep. Dortet. 

AcoLD, adj. (from the A.-S. aco- 
lian.) Cold. 

Late come to an abbey 
Syx men other seven. 
And lat theron aske gode 
¥oT Godd love of heren. 
He schal ttond tbcroute 
Anhongred and ac'}ld. 

W. de Shonkam. 

AcoLASTTc, adj. (from the Gr. 
dKoXaorriKoc.) Intempwerate; riot- 
ous; prodigal: lascivious. Min- 
sheu gives these meanings of the 
word in his Quide into Tongues, 

AcoLATB, adj. (Gr.) Froward; 
peevish. So explained in Rider's 
Dictionarie, 1640. 

AcoLDiN 6, j^ar/. a, (from the A.'S. 
See Acold.) Getting cold. 

AC01.BN. See Accole, 


"1 V. (fron 
' V to lainei 
^'* J to griev 

AcoMBRB,«. (A.'S.) To encumber; 
to trouble. 

Tite feend with prede acomhrelh ons. 
With wrethe ana with envie. 

jr. de Shonkam. 

AcoMBLTD, part. p. Enervated 
with cold. Prompt. Parv. 

AcoMPLiN, adj. Limping. Lane. 

AcoNiCK, adj. (from aconite.) Poi- 
sonous. Rider. 

Acop, adv. (from the A.'S, cop.) 
On end ; conically. 
Marry ah* is not in fashion yet ; she 
wears a hood, bat it stands acop. 

Ben JoTUon, iii, 60. 

V. (from A.-S. ceorian, 
lament.) To sorrow; 
At Gloucestre he deide, ao eir nadde he 


That acorede al this lond, and ys men 

echon. Rob. Qlonc. 

Bu a peyre of a marc, other thou aaalt hit 

aeorye sore. Ih. 

AcoRSB, V. (A.'S.) To curse. 
Callede hem caytyres 
Jcorsed for evere. Pieri PI., p. 875. 

AcoRST, V. (from the A.'N. cors, a 

body.) To bury. " For to aeorsy 

here brother body." Oxf. MS. 

AcosT, adv. (from A.'N. a eoste.) 

On the side ; near. 

Forth thai passeth this lond aeost. 

Arikow and Merlin. 

ACODNTB*. I counter, ifss. of 

ACUNTBE, I nth cent. 
AcouPB, V. (from A.-N^. acoulper.) 

To blame; accuse; inculpate. 
Me aconpede horn harde inoo, and sethtbe 
' atte last, 
As theves and traitors, in strong prison me 

hom caste. Bob. o/Glouc., p. 6-M. 

AcoupBMBNT, s. An accusation. 


[ $. An onset. 

At the acwpyng the knittes C«peres] either 
brak on other. W. and tka Jreno., p. 1S4. 

AcovBRD, past. t. Recovered.. 
Acow, adv. Crooked; awry. 

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AcoTKn,9. (from A^V. «eo«i/cr.} 

To make acquaintance. 
Eeo aeoynifJe hjm SMtt, nd Ucobcb 

Bouie for here prawn, ud far l>eo weir of 
oa bkde. Mob. of Giame^ p. 16. 

AcoTarieo, «. Accusing. A mere 
comipt spelling. Kymg AHukun- 
<fcr, 3973. 

AcauAiNT, t. An aoqnaintance. 

intn« old aciueiml n the. 

And one vhom 1 lia.e os'd *n that dtr-zTfe. 
LuWt H'utorie oj Helu^iuruM, lOoo. 

AcauAiNTABLB. Easy to be ac- 
quaiDtfd with. Mhukeu's Guide 
ialo Tongues, 1627. 
AcauBTirr, adj. (from if^& ae- 
vewos.) Quenched. 

w that me tLjnlef h, 

Xy tkont slull never be me^uegni. 


AcQuiLL, t, (A.'N.) A term in 
hunting. It was applied to the 
buck and doe, the male and the 
female fox, and all Yermin, and 
is nearly synonymous with the 
more modern word impt ime . 
itjr hmnere, boir many bestit •cfmllT 
Srr, Uie bak and the doo, ibe male fox 
awi the female, and alle othtr vermyn, 
M a«nT aa be put in the book. And 
koT OHiiy bncbes? Sire, aJle that be 
«?»i/c Rtitq. Jni^ i, 151. 

AcQuisa, V. {A.'N.) To acquire. 
AcQuiST, i»:(^.-iV.)Anacqui. 

Acawi, r"^*''"L '**°?'^"« 
' J acquired or gained. 

His Kirants he with new acqnut 
(K ime experience from thia great event 
With pcaitt and consDlation h«iit dismint. 
SamMn Afomstes, v, 1753. 
Vnd, Ttpoied near the oaiea of riTera, 
Bakei contuiinl additiooa to the land, 
thereby ezclndiog tlte acft, and preaerr- 
utK theie ihella aa trophiea and Bipiaof 
iuaev mcfU€9t» and encroaehmenta. 

Skinner hat it ts n verb, to ac- 

AcwiT,parf.jf.(i#..iV:) Aeqoiited. 

AcQum, e. To requite. 
AcwiTTAifcn, t. (^..M) (1) Ac- 

qoaintance. Sknmer, 

(2) Reqnital. Othello, ir, 2. 

(3) A disciiarge, or relra^c : ie^r» 
nicrly in general use fur nhal 
is now called a receipt; and 
it is still so in the northern 

AcKASKD. Crazed. 

AcRK, «. (from the A.^S, eteer.) A 
field. Originally not a deter- 
mined quantity of land, but any 
open ground. 

(2) A duel fought by si ni;le com* 
Iwtants, English and Scutch, l)e. 
tween the frontiers of the two 
kingdoms, with sword and lance. 

AcRB-DALK, 9, (A.-S.) LanHs in a 
common field* in which dirTerent 
proprietors hold portions of 
greater or less extent. Norik. 

Ac REM B, «. Ten acres of land. A 
law term. 

AcRKMAX, 8. {A.-S.) A hnsband- 

The foaln up, and tonf on bnn«rh. 
And meremen yede to the ploii<;h. 

JLay le trcime, 176. 

AcnvsBOT, 9. A kind of local land- 


AcRCffTAFF, 1 Called a plough- 

AKKRSTAFr, J Staff lu Huloet, An 

instrument to cleanse the plongh- 

cnlter. See Kersey's EaglUh 

Dieiionaryf 1715. 

AcRiLOGY, 9. (from Lai. aeer, and 
Gr. Xoyoc.) Bitter speaking. 
Minsheu gives this word in his 
Guide into Tonffuee, 1627. 

AcROKB, adv. Crooked. 

Acrook'd, adj. Crooked; awry. 

AcROSPTRB, 1 tr. (from (Tr. drpoc, 
AKBRSPiRE,/ the extremity, or 
end, and o-wtipa, a curling 
shoot.) To sprout. When un- 
hotised grain, exposed to wet 
weather, sprouts at both ends, 
it is said to acroip j fre . Pota- 
toes, sprouting prematurely, are 





said to be acJterspritted, See 

For vant of turnintr, vlien the mnlt is 
spread ou the floor, it comes and sprouts 
at both ends, which is ailled to aerO' 
tpjfres and then it is fit only for swine. 
Mor/imer'i Husbandry. 

In H Scottish act of parliament, anent 
nialt-roakers. it is said they " let tliesr 
malt aktTspire, and shutc oat all the 
thrift and substance at baith the ends, 
quhare it could come at ane end oui%\" 
JUffiam Majestatem^ p. ^. 

Across. A kind of exclamation 
when a sally of \fit miscarried. 
Said to be taken from the lan- 
guage used in jousting. See 
Shakesp. JlTt Well that Ends 
WeU, ii, 1. 

Acrostic, adj. Crossed on the 
breast. "^cro«/ic arras." MiddU- 
ion. It may be regarded as a 
punning use of the word. 

AcaoTCH, ». (from Fr, acrocher,) 
To take up ; to seize. 

XcsKDK^pret.p. Asked. A rather 
unusual form. 

The kynjr Alesandre aaedt 
Uwan sail that bo. 

Bcliq. Antiq.y \, 30. 

Act, v. To behave ; to conduct. 

Act of parliamicnt. A military 
term for small beer, five pints of 
which, by an act of parliament, 
a landlord was formerly obliged 
to give to each soldier gratis. 

Acts, «. ( Gr, <icr)).) The sea- shore. 

AcTiFs, «. pL An order of monks, 
who, according to Skinner, fed 
on nothing but roots and herbs. 

AcTiLLT, adt. Actually. Lancash. 

AcTious, adj. Active. 

With dirers here not cmtalosd, and for a 

eheefest take 
AH aetioui Candish, and of these eteraall 

pen^worke make. 

Albion*8 Smgland, ed. 181S. 

AcTiTATiON, a. (Lat.) Frequent 


cant term is given in the Lfjncon 
£aiatronicum,vid is too piqitant 
to be omitted. 
AcTON, », {A,'N.) A jacket or 
tunic, worn under a coat of mail. 
See Acketoun. 

Kit acton it was all of hlacke, 
HiS hewberke and his sherlde. 

Sir Cauluie, in Percy's 7f«rt. 

AcTouRKS, 9. {A.'N.) Governors ; 

keepers. Wycklyffe. 
AcTUATB, V, (from Hal. atttiire.) 

To put into action ; to produce. 
AcTVRB, 9, {Lat.) Action. 
All my offences, that abroad yon see, ^ 
Are errors of the blood, none of the mind; 
]x)Te made them not; with actnre they 

may be, 
Where neither party is nor true nor kind. 
Shake*. Loter*$ CampluiuU 

AcuATE, 9. (from Lat, acuo.) 

Gryndvng: withvynegar tylllwas fatygnte. 
And luso with a quautyt6 of spyces acuaCr. 
JskmoU'i 'heat. Chem. Bnt., p. 191. 

In the following example, the 
word is erroneously altered to 
actuate in the reprint by the 
Shakespeare Society : 
The Lacedemonians trusting the oracle, 
lece^'ed the champion, and fearing the 
government of a stranger, made him 
tner citizen ; which once done and he 
obteinins; the dukdome, he assendid 
the theater, and ther very learnedly 
wysliiiig them to forget theyr folly, and 
to thinke on victory, they i>eing aeuate 
hy his eloquence, wa^ang butttiil noa 
the fleld. Lodfft's Defence of Plays, 1679. 

AcmSt9,pL. Agixe». MS. qfiith 

AcuMtNATB,i;.(from Lat.aeumina" 
tu9.) To whet. Rider*9 Dieiion^ 
arte, 1640. 

AcuRR, at^. A chemical term, ap- 
plied to a drug, the power of 
which is increased by the additioa 
of some other. 

AcuRSKN. See Acwr9en. 

AcYDBNANDTS, adv, Aside; oh. 
liquely. Prompt. Parv, Appa. 
rently a corrupt spelling of atide^ 

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tunpoXoyia, impropriety of ex- 
preisioii.) Improper speak iiig. 
This word ocean in JOderM 
Dietkmarie, 1640. 
icTS£, J. {A.'N.) Cutom ; Uw. 

And of thoe berdede Irakke* ateo. 
With hoDfeif \hy moche mysdo, 
Tiiat lere CrygtrD mennjs atyu, 
Anl hainie al ih« newe $;\«r. 


An. Htth. Jdde. Had, occon in 

Adacteo, part, p, {Lat. adaettu.) 

Driven ia br force. MhuAeu, 
Adad, adb. Indeed: tniljr. 

I see Ton wonder at my changn ; vbat, 
vookl yoa oever have a xua& learn 
Ikmdjsc ciad^ 

sLdwtd, Sgwr* qfdUatla, 1658. 

They are all deep, tbey are Tery deep 
and tkarp; sharp as Deedlea, m^; tlie 
viUicft men ia England. lb . 

AsAftUATB, part, p, (Lat, adttqma^ 
/w.) Eqaal to. 

Why did the Lardfiroi& Adam, Eve ereaie ? 
BecaBK vrth him abe ahoold not b' ada- 

Had the been made of earth, the would 

liare deem'd 
Ber ttU hia aiatcr, and Ida rqnal leem'd. 
Omen's Epigrawu, 1677. 

AoAM. A seijeant, or bailiff, was 
joealarly so ealled. See Sbaketp. 
Ctmed^ ofBrroTB, iv, 3. 

Adam-akd-Btv. The bulbs of 
fxrekit vMcnlata, which have a 
fancied resemblance to the human 
fignrc. Craven, 

AoAM-TiLEB, s, A pickpocket's 
associate, who receives the stolen 
goods, and runs off with them. 

Adamant, *. (yf.-JV.) The magnet. 

Ai trae to thee as steel to aiMum/. 

Gr*em*s Tu Quoque. 
Ai iron, toneh^t by the ad^tanVB tttcei, 
10 the north pole doth ever point direct. 
5jrb. Dm BarUs, p. 64. 

The mntiial repulsion of two 
magnets, which takes place in 
•ome situations, is alluded to in 
the following extract : 

— away i 
Well be aa diffrnnz tis ti« u mdam/t: t$ ; 
Theooe ahall «l un iiir othrr. 

Wkittlintl, O. «.,Ti.815. 

Adamantinb, adj, \erj hard. 
This word occurs in Midoris 
Dieiionarie, 1640. 

Adamatb. V, (from Lat. adamMr9.) 
To love dearly. Mintheu. 

Adamitks, 9. pi. A sect of enthn. 
siasts who were said to imitate the 
nakedness of Adam in their pub- 
lic assemblies. 

AdamValb,*. Water. Var.dtai. 

AoAif's-ArrLK, a. (1) A kind of 
citron. Gerard. 

(2) The nob in a man's throat, 
so calli^d, because, it is said, 
when Eve swallowed her apple 
with ease, and gave another to 
Adam, his conscience so rebelled 
against it, that it never got 
farther than his throat. 

Adam's-flannbl, «. "White mul- 
lein; perhaps from the soft white 
hairs with which the leaves are 
covered on both sides. Craten. 

Adarnech, «. Colour like gold. 

Adaekbd, ad^. Ashamed. Cofes. 

Adarris, «. The flower of sea- 
water. HtntelL 

Adascd, 1 adj. (d.'K) Dazzled ; 

ADAsaiD, jputoutof countenance. 

The fiiitnufc tberaf void hare made 

every inHii's eyes so adiurd, ttuit no man 

thoald have spied hia f^iUm d. 

Sir T. Mart. 

Adauds, adv. In pieces. Yorkth, 

Adaunt 1*(^-^) ToUmejto 
ADACNT, l^uc^ to daunt, miti. 

Adaukteblbt. Another form of 

avauntlafy which see. 
kDKm,v.(A.-N.) (1) Tobedaunted. 
Therewith her wmthful connive ^n appall, 
And haazhty spints meek It to adnvt. 

Spenser,^, q., IV, vi, 3$. 

As one adait^d and half confused stood. 

(2) To awake. This seems to 
be a figurative sense, for Pais- 

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grave says, " I adawe or adawne, 
ai the daye dothe in the morn- 
ynge whan the sonne draweth 
tovrardes his rysyng;*' and, "I 
adawe one out of a swounde.'* 
Him to rewakin «hr did all her pain ; 
And at the last he gan hia breth to drawe, 
And of his swough acne after that adawe. 
Troil. and Cret., iii, 1124. 
(3) To kill ; to execute. 
Some wolde have hym adanoe^ 
And some aavde it waa not lawe. 
Ron. of Richard C. do L., 978. 

^"^^'.- \ttdv. In the daytime. 


I ryac aoner than yon do ttdeya : ie mo 

doa'amcheplu* tool quo two lotu les ioiiro. 


Adays, adv. Nov-a*day8. East 

Adaz, «. An addice. Kermett, 
Adcorporate, v. (Lat.) To in- 
corporate. Minsheu'9 Gtude into 

Tongwfy 1627. 
Addecimatis, v. (Lat.) To take 

tithes. Mituheu't Guide into 

Tongues, 1627. 
Addekm, v. (A.'S.) To think; to 

judge; to determine. Spenser, 
Adder-bolt, s. The dragon fly. 

For. dial. 
Adder-sat. I dare say. Yorksh. 
AddbrVgrass, «. The name in 

Gerard for the cynosorchis. 
ADDER*a-T0NOUB, s, A plant ; the 

Addbr-wort, s. The bistort or 

Addick, s. {A.'S.) An adze. 

I had thought I had rode upon addiceo 

between thia and Canterbury. 

Lyly'o Mother Rombie, 1594. 

An addis, or little axe. Barefs 
Alvearie, 1580. 
(2) An addled egg. Huloet. 
Addict, part. p. For addicted. 
To atudies good addict of comely grace. 
Mirr.fir Mag. 

Addiction, #. {Lat.) The state of 
being addicted to anything. 
Since lui addieUon waa to coarsea vain. 
ShMkoop. Bonn V, i. 1. 

Addition, s. {Lat.) A title given 
to a man over and above his Chris- 
tian and snrnaroe, showing his 
rank, occupation, &c.,or alluding 
to some exploit or achievement. 

Addiwissbn. Had I known it. 
North. A corruption of AflJy- 
ufissen^ or hadiwist, which see. 
Adywyst occurs in MSS. as old 
as the 15th cent. 

ApDLE, V, (from the A.-S. adleant 
a reward.) So pronounced in 
Yorkshire ; in Staffordshire it is 
a-dlef in Cumberland, ettle; and 
in Cheshire, yeddle. To earn by 

With goodmen'a hogs, or com, or hay, 
1 addlo my niuepence every day. 

Richard of iteJiton Dale. 

In the Eastern counties it is ap- 
plied to the growth of com ; as, 
" that crop addles,'* t. e. thrives. 
Forby. In which sense it is used 
by Tusser— 

Where iry embraceth the tree very sore. 
Kill ivy, elae tree will addlo no more. 

It occurs in the Toumley Myste- 
ries, p. 195. See Adyld. "To 
addle his shoon '* is said in the 
North of a horse that falls upon 
his back, and rolls from one side 
to the other. In Sussex, when a 
horse does so, he is said to ** earn 
a gallon of oats." 

(2) Labourers' wages. Yorksh. 

(3) s. A swelling with matter id 
it. Somerset. 

(4) s. The headland of a field; 
same as adland. Northampt. 

(5) s. Lees or dregs. 

(6) adj. Empty. 

Addled, adj. Having corruption. 
Used in this sense in Somerset* 
shire. Hence addled egy, said of 
an egg in a state of putrefaction » 
according to Grose and Jennings ; 
but more usually applied to aa 
egg forsaken by the hen after her 
sitting. **Urinum ovum, gene-, 
rationi ineptum, quod fit incubiu 


ADD 23 

derdicta, an md& egge, a 
wiDdc cgge." Ridei'M Laim Die- 
iifmmie, 1640. 

AoDLB-HBAOEo, odj. Stapidj 
thoDghtlcas. Vor.dial 

Adsle-patk, «. A foolUh person. 

Ai>DL|t.pi4yr, #. A person who 
•poUs any amatement. &mth. 

Addlx-pool, «. A pool, or paddle, 
neai to a duoghill, for receiving 
the liquid that oozes from the 
dnnghili; in which liquid it is 
not ttocommoD, in Suuex, to see 
large quantities of mould or 
earth, taken from the commons, 
thrown to be saturated with it. 

Aadukcs, #. The wages received 
for laboorert* work. Yorkthire, 
^et Addle. 

Abdolokatk, ». (taken apparently 
from the ItaL doiordre.) To 

Abdkbss, ». (fV-.) To prepare for 
anything: to get ready. 

Adds. t. An addioe. 

Adb, «. To cat a deep gutter across 
ploughed land. SkroptA. 

Ancca. Vinegar milk. NowelL 

AncLAKTADo, #. (a Spanish word.) 
A lord president or deputy of a 
country; a <s>mmander. 

iBTiadble mdriumfado over the amado of 
pnpled laces. 

Musmgtr, Ftrg. M«rl., ii, 1. 

Open no door; if the a^aUntatto of Spain 
vac kere ke ahnokl ntt enter. 

B. /«... £9. M. out ofR^ T, 4. 

Adimavd, «. The loadstone. See 


Anurr, ». To fasten. MituAeu. 
Ai>EPTi09r,a. {LaL) An aoquire- 

A portwa <»f time wherein, to my on. 
dcntandinir, tiiere hath bin the rarest 
^wietics that ia like ■umber of auc- 

of any hereditary monarchy 

Mth bin knowiie: for it begioncth with 
l.« mixt aJtptiom of a erovne, bv armes 
•ad title. 

BacoM, JU9. qflMTiu, b. i^ p. 114. 

ADiauATi,».(Ztf/.) To make even 

or equaL 
ADancoF. t. (J.^,) A spider. See 

Ades, a. Anaddice. Kemteit. 

Aom9Piync,adJ.(Gr.) Notdeipotic. 

Adiwbn. 9, (from J.^S, demeicm, 
to bedew.) To moisten ; to be- 

Thy grackmi ifaoiijyi lat reyne in habnad. 

Upon mjn herte Vadtirm twtrj veyne 

lAfdgaW$ Minor Poeatt, p. 251. 

Adfiuati, w, (Ut.) To adopt for 
a son. Minsheu'i Guide into 
TongueB, 1627. 
AoGK, a. An addice. North, 
AoHKU, 9. (lat.) To suit; to fit. 

I wojiM have avom hia dispoiition 
would hare gone to the truth ot ins 
words ; but thry do no more adA^rg and 
keep pace togeijier, than tlie liundredth 
paalm to the tune of Greftu SUew. 

Merry Wives qJ Windtor, ii, 1. 

Adbib, «. A name of the herb eye- 
bright. . 

Adh iBiTK, 9. ( Ui.) To admit. 

Adhort, 9. {Lai.) To advise, or 

Julina Agricola was the first that by 
adk'rt-titm the BriUines pnbhkely, and 
helping ihem privately, wuu them to 
build hooses for themselTea. 

Stow^9 LoHdim,'^, A, 
AoiAPHoaiCT, a. (from Gr. d^ia- 
^opia, indifference.) Indifference. 
Rider' 9 Dictionaries 1640. 
KniQUT, part. p. {A,>S.) Adorned. 
Thanne sawe they yn a park 
A castetl stoat and stark 
That ryally wns adwpkt. 

Lyheaus Mtanat, 711. 

AoiHTRN, e. (from A.-S. adihian.) 
To order; arrange ; adorn ; as be 
adihteth him, t. e. fiu himself 

Jdiktetk him a gay wenche of the newc jet. 
FoUtidd Sonfft,p.SS9. 

ADtVf prep. Within. Sustex. 
AniRf pron. Either. A local form. 

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Adit,«. (Lat.) A sough or level in a 
mine, for the purpose of drawing 
off water. Derbyth. 

Aditb. V, {A.'N.) To indite ; to 

Kyng Rychard dede a lettre wryte, 
A iioblc clerk it ipm adyie. 

Kck. Coer de Lim, 1174. 

Adition, ». (Lat) An entrance or 

approach to. 
Adjotnatb, part, p. Joined. 

Two temely 

princes, together adioynate. 
Hardyng** Chronicle. 

Adjoynaunt, part. a. Adjoining. 

Tnith it is, that he (Carclicus) iryth hys 
Britons were iryvcn into Canil)rYR, or 
Wales: yet he left not continuallye to 
make reyses and assntes uppou the 
Saxous,next to him adjoynaunU. 

FbbturCs CJiroH., p. t, f. 106. 

Adjoynauntbs, », Those who are 

Sought and practised wales and meanes 
how 10 joine himself with foreiii princes, 
and to grcvc and hurte his neighbors 
and adjoynsunta of the realme ol* Knjf- 
laud. Ball, Hen. VI, t. 68. 

Adjoynt, adj, A person joined 
with another; a companion or 

here with these grsTe adjcfnie, 

(These learned maisters) they were taught 

to see 
Themselves, to read the world, and keep 

their points. DanxeVe Civ. fTare, iv, 69. 

Adjourn, v. (from the J.'N, 
adjcumer.) To cite or sum- 
mon any one to appear before 
a judge. 

Adjumbnt, 9. (Lat, a^mentum.) 
Help; succour. Miege. 

Adjunct, part,p, (Lat, adjunetut,) 
United with; immediately con- 

AojUTK, V, {Lat, adjuto.) To assist ; 
to help. JoMon, 

Adjutories, s. The arm bones are 
so called in the old English trans- 
lation of Viffo*» Book of Chirur- 

Adjuvant, part, a. (Lat,) Assist, 

TVhich meeting with convenient natter 
and adjuvant causes, doe proceed to the 
generation of severall species, accord- 
ing to the nature of the effiricnt and 
aptnesso of the matter. Jubrey'e Wilu. 

Ad LANDS, s. The butts in a 
ploughed field which lie at right 
angles to the general direction of 
the others ; the part close against 
the hedges. Shropsh,, North- 
ampt,, and Leieetterth, 

Adle, adj. Unsound; unwell. EoMt. 
See Addle. 

Admeasurement, t. (Fr.) A law 
term, defined by Cowell to be "a 
writ which lyeth for the bringing 
of those to a mediocrity, that 
usurp more than their part." 

Adminiculary, adj, (Lat.) Col- 
lateral; indirect. 

That he should never help, aid, snpply, 
succour, or grant tliem any subvei'i. 
titions fhrtheraiice, auxiliary suffrage, 
or admnicuUry aoaistauce. 

Sabelaie, ili, 84^ 

Admiral, "^ #. This word, which 
ADM ERA l, is Very varied in its 
admyrold, I orthography, is a 
AMiRALD, Smere corruption of 
ameral, I the Arab emir, Ac- 
AMRAYL, I cording to some, 
amy RALE, J the word is from 
emir'atmat or emir of the water. 
It is used especially in the me- 
dieval romances, where it signi- 
fies a Saracen commander, or 
sometimes a king. According 
to Kennett, the term admiral 
was not introduced, in its present 
sense, before the latter end of 
the reign of Edward 1. 

He sende aftur lordyneys, 
Fyfteue admeraUya and kyngyt, 
AjuI armyd them to fyght. 

Cambridge US. 

And be the cyteet and be the townea 

ben tunyraUeit that han the governance 

of the peple. MaundeeiU's TraeeU, 

A launcc in hys band he helde, 

Ue smot an f my rale in the scheUa. 

Richard Coer d$ Uan, 6018. 





TV) •fK'C <m •dmjroU, 

Of «orUcs he ve» ■vythe boM. 

ADMiBAXUflT, adj. Moti ftdmi- 
nble. Accented on the ante- 
peaalt. Yorksh, 

Abmibai. or TBK a pobli. 
em. This caot woitl it given 
bj Grose, who inforios us that 
the blae aprons formerljr worn 
hf publicans gave rise to the 

AoviRATiTS, a^. Minshen tppliea 
the term adnarative point to the 
Bote of interrogation (?). 

AnifnuE, «. Admiration. 

V^en jbrbMaanis did behold vith wonder, 
Kua'i imuuen of Jove*s draidfnll thnndt-r, 
£e that coaelnde* his eenmire with admire. 

Aoim-TAiacB, ». Used by Shake. 

speare in the sense of a custom 

I or power of being admitted into 

the presence of great personages. 

I ?ord calls Falstaff a gentleman 

' '*of great admiiiamee," Merry 

meet, ti, 2. 

AnxirriBLB, a^. Admissible. 

Maaf dij|mtable optniont may be had 
of rare, without the prayaing of it aa 
oaiiy gdmiUiUe by inforeed neceaaitie, 
aaa to be vaed mtelj for peace aake. 

HarrisM'$ Deac. cf BrUm». 

A p mokbst, V, (from the J.-N. ad- 

aoaeff/er.) To admonish; to 

loxoKisHMBirr, f. AdmonitioD. 

Abmotb, v. (from Lot. admoveo.) 

To move to. 
AnartcBEix, «. To annihilafte. 

AjmBiiJkTS, V. (Lot,) To tnnihi- 

laie. This word is given by 

llinsheu in his (hUd€ int^ 

T&tguet, 1627. 
iinroTB,v.(£B/.adfH»/o.) To note; 

to observe. 
Adsvl, v. (LeJ,) To annuL 
Ado, 9. (1) To do. 

I vol that thri tmritlilr pt, 
Aad dooeal that thri iinn nJo. 

namanut «/ IJU Bust, 6(^. 

(2) part, p. Done; finished* So- 
Adonnbt. f . A devil. Norik, 
AnooBS, a<f9. At the door. 
But what, air, I beseech ye, was that 

Toor iofdabip was to atndioaaly iaiployed 

When ye came oai cdoor$ f 

Woman TUaied, if, 1. 

Adoptious, ai{r. Adoptive. ShaJtetp. 
Adobat, $, A weight of four 

pounds, a chemical term. 
Adobb, v. To adorn, ^easn*. 

And thoae tma tmn, falliag on your pus 

Should turn to annlett for irreat Queens to 

adort. Beaumont and Fletcher. 

Adobnatioh, f. (Lai.) Adorning. 

Mhuheu*» Guide into Tonffuee, 

Adobne, (1) 9. To adore. 

(2) «. An ornament ; adorning. 

AooTB, V. To doat 

He wax neijh out of wit for wrath that 

And for dol adoUtk and doth him to hire 


WilUam and tie Warwotf, p. 74. 

Adoubed, part. p. {A,'N.) Armed ; 

"^ t^. (from J.-N, adouU 

Adoulcb, I cer.) To mitigate with 

AOULCB, I sweetness; sweeten. 

j Mineheu'e G. T„ 1627. 

IVot knowing thia, that Jove decrees 

Some mirth, Vadulee man's miseries. 

Herrir ft Worts, a, 4,7. 

AoouN, adv. Below. 

Wiian Phebns dnelt her in this erthe adoun. 

As olde bookea maken mencioun. 

Ckaacer.C. T.,n, C&7. 
And when the ^nepf I ys y'dooe, 
Afayn thou niyjth knele adown. 

Constittktumt of Masonry, p. S6. 

XDOjmHtpart.p* (^.-iV.) Feared ; 

Adpoymte,v. To appoint. Momutie 

Leitert, p. 194. 

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Adaad, ^part, p, (from A,»S. 
ADRED, J adr€Bdan.) Frightened ; 

— I am adrad, by raynt Thomas, 
It stondeth nat aright with Miciiolaa. 

Ckaueer's C. T.. 1. S435. 
Seeing the iig;]y moiiater paaning by. 
Upon Uim aet, of peril nansht adrad. 

Spenser's P. Q. 
The sight whereof the lady woxt adrad. 

Adramino, adj. Churlish. 
Adrawb, o. (1) To draw away; to 

AweT fro hem he wold adrawe, 
Yf tbiit he myght. Octovian, 867. 

(2) To draw forth. 
The geant, tho he ley hym come, begnn ys 
mace adrawe. hob. Gloue. 

Adreamt. (1) Iw(U adreamt, for 
I dreamed. 

Wilt thoa believe me, sweeting? by this 

/ teas adreamt on thee too. 0. PI., vi, 8S1. 

I was adreamt last night of Francis there. 
Cilff N. Cap, 0. PL, xi. 835. 
I was eren nnwadream'd that you could 
sec witli cither of your eyes, in so ranch 
as I waked iur joy, and I hope to iind 
it tnie. 

Wits, mtes, and Fancies, 1596, p. 9i. 

(2) Dosing. Ojcfordsh. 
Adrede, v. {A.'S. adr<edan,) To 

Ganhardin seighe that sight. 
And sore him gan adrede. 

Sir Tristrem. 
ADKEiirrjpart.p,(A.-S.) Drowned. 
A 1 dame, he saide. ich wnn asschreiht, 
Ich weuda thou haddest ben adreint. 

The Sevyn Sages, li86. 

Adrelwurt, 8, The herb federfew. 
Adrbnchen, V, (from A^-S. adren- 
can.) To drown. AdreniCf 
pati t, Adreint, part. p. 
The see the shal adreneke, 
Ne shal hit us of-thenche. 

Kyng Horn, 109. 
And ladde hem out of Egypt bi the liverede 

And the kyng adrente and alle hvs, that he 
ue com never age. Jxob. Glow. 

AoRESsiD, part. p. Dressed; 
clothed. Gower. 

Adkest, part.p. Dressed; adorned' 
When spreng, adrest in tutties. 
Culls all tiia birds abroad. 

Jennings, p. 138. 

*«i-™ r<^dv. Aside; behind. 
adreich, j 

The kinges doughter, which this aigh, 
For pure bbasshe drewe her adn^h. 
Qower's Coufessio Amantis, ed. 1632, f. 70. 

A DRINK, adj. Drunk. 

Adrooh, \pa8t. t. Drew away. 
adrowb, J Rob. <^ Glow;. 

Adronuue, part. p. Drowned. 
Kyng Horn, 988. 

Adrop, 8. A species of auricbalc, 
mentioned by Jonson in the 
Alchemitt, ii, 1. 

Adrowed, adj. Dried. Devon. 

Adry, arf;. Dry; thirsty. " Doth a 
man that is adry. desire to drink 
in p:old }" Burton*s Anatomy of 
Melancholy, p. 329. It is still 
retained in various dialects. 

How pleasant 'tis to drink when a man's 

Tiie rest is all but dnlly sipping on. 

Behn, The City Heiress, 168S. 
Adrtb, V, (from the A.-S. adreo- 

gan.) To bear ; to suffer. 
Adulable, adj. (Lat.) Easy to be 

flattered. Minsheu. 

}To dub a knight. 
*• Charlemay ne adoub^ 

Adulterate, adj. (Lat.) Adulte- 
rous; also false, in a general 

Th' adulterate Hastbga, Eirers. Vanghan, 

Grey. Jtich. III,ir, 4. 

Aye, that incestuous, that adnlterate beast. 

Shaiesp. Ham., 1, 6. 

Adulterine, adj. Adulterous. 
Mir. for Mag., p. 85. 

Adumbration, «. {Lat.) Accord- 
ing to Huloet, the "light de- 
scription of a house side or front, 
where the lyne do answer to the 
com passe and centrye of everye 
parte." Abcedariwn, 1552. 


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Adcn, «fe. Down. 
AouiTATioK, 9. {Lai.) Union. 
AoiTHCiTT, a. {JLat') Crookednest. 
Aditrb, v. {LaL aduroS) To barn. 

Aorsr, jtari. p. (Lai, mduitmi.) 

Burnt; parched* 

Drje aad tsdust, and a gret vaatofiir. 

I^d^aW* Motor Poemj. p. 197, 
AoijTAsrrK, m$. Astonishing. 
Witli ther roppcntftote 

.M<r«/«m, ITorly, ii, 4S9. 
AoTAXCB, w. To gr«ce; to giTC 

lustre tOw SAaketp., Timon of 

AthenM, i, 2. 
Advancers, 9.pL The second 

branches of aback's horn. Howell, 

See Avaniert. 
AoTANTAGE, V. To giTC idTanttge 

to another. 

Thus Yeana tint, to kelp lore*! poUide, 
JivemtefU him with opportunitie. 
Aid sow aa Iwrera wont ^h«r timea eapie, 
Tu:» iorer can liia taake mil well applte, 
AiKJ fttmcatoeoorlhia misirea runum^lie. 
TaU Of Troy, 15tt9. 

ADTAUirr. t. (i#--M) A boast. 
AovAurrrorK, #. A boaster. 
Advayle, ». {A.'N,) Profit; ad- 

la any wise to do. 
For lucre or adraple, 
Actyast Uiy» kyng to layle. 


Adtkhtatxe,*. (i^.-M) Th€ open 
and moveable portion of the hel- 
met which covered the mouth, 
for the purpose of respiration. 

Advbntvksrs. It was common in 
the reign of Queen Elizabeth for 
young volunteers to go out in 
naval enterprises in hopes to 
make their fortunes, by disco- 
veries, conquests, or some other 
means. These advmturerBt pro- 
bably making amorous conquests 
a part of their scheme, vied with 
each other in the richness and 
elegance of their dresses. Sir 
Funds Drake, in hia cxpcdiUon 

against Hispaniola, bad two thoa 
sand such volunteers in his fleet. 
To this Den Jonson ailndes under 
the name of the Ulsnd Voyage: 
*« I had as fair a gold jerkin on 
that day, as any worn in the 
igland voyage^ or at Cadiz." Epic., 
i, 4. (Naret.) 


Those travellers who lent money 
before they went, upon condition 
of receiving more on their return 
from a hazardous journey. 

KnY^fL&AVTtpart.p. Contrary to. 
Mintheu*9 Guide mio Tongues, 

Adtemation, 9. {A.'N.) Oppo- 

DeaTTinge ao a fastrit in to d« ell, 
Uyiii Hud hia meo to kepe froma all ciwr. 

Hardyny't CkromicU, 

Adtbrse, ». {A.-N,) To be un- 

Adverse*, 9. {A.'N.) An adver- 

If yn atberttn and falae wytnea bemra 
agaynate me. Jrckicoloyta, xxm, 46. 

Adversion, s. (Lai.) Attention ; 

The lonl bestoweth her Mdweniom 

On •umething elw. 

So thooKh tlie lonl, the time she doth a^ 

The bodies paaaioDS lakea heraelf to die ; 
Yet death now fiaiih'd. the ean well 
Henrlf to other thoiiKhta. And if the eye 
Of her adternon were fast Hx'd on lii^h. 
In midst of death 'twere no more fear nor 
llian 'twaa vnto Elias to let flte 
Hi» uieleaae mHiitletothat Hebrewe twain, 
Wliile he rode np to heaven in a bright 
fiery waia. 

Mor^t PkiUuopkual Pom*, p. 29 (. 

Advert ASB'D,^arf.^. Advertised. 

Advertation, f. Information. 

Digby Mytieriet, p. 106. 
Advertence, «. Attention. CAou- 


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AsvERTigE. V. (^.-Al) To inform 
oneself. This word formerly had 
the accent on the middle syl- 

but I do hend my speech 

To one that can mj part in him advertise. 
Meatnnfor Measure, i, I. 

Advektissment, «. (1) Informa- 
(2) Admonition. 

Advest, t>. (A.-H.) To put a per- 
son in possession. 

Advice, «. (from A.'N. adtfit,) Con- 
sideration ; reflection. 

Fair air, you arc well overtaken : 
My lord BasiaDio, upon more adviee. 
Unth sent you hero thia ring; and doth 

Your company at dinner. 

MercAoMt of Venice, It, 9. 

Advigilate, v. (Lai.) To watch. 
Advise, v. (from A.-N. advUer.) 
To consider. 

Bnt, if through inward griefe or wilfull 

Of life, it be ; then better doe adnise. 

Spenser^s Faerie (^ueene^ IV.riii, IB. 

Bnt when they came again the next 
day and viewed it likewyBC, the kepcn 
of the Buid castell, suspectvnf; some 
fraude to lurcke in their lo'kyng, de- 
manndedof theim what was their entent. 
and why they vewrd and advised so tlie 
castel. EaU, Henry VII, f. 48. 

Advised, part, p. Acquainted. " I 
am not advUed of it." Used in 
the North, and, according to 
Grose, in Norfolk. Shakespeare 
uses it in the sense of acting with 
sufficient deliberation. 

My liege, I am advised what I say ; 
li either disturbed with the effect of wine, 
"Sot heady-rash, provok'd with raging ire. 
Albeit, my wrongi might make one wiser 
mad. Cat$ud]f of Errors, v, 1. 

Advisement, «. Resolution ; ob- 
servation; consultation; advice. 

8t Augustine noteth how he saw the 
tooth of a mMU, wherof he took good 
advisement^ and pronounced in the ende, 
that it would iiave msde 100 of his 
owne, or anyother man's that lyvcd in 
his tftae. Sarrison's Descript. of Brit. 

Hem smI mn mal y pemse, quoth he. 
Wherewith nfou advizement, thougn the 

Were small, bis pleasura and Ids purpose 

T* 'dvaunce that garter and to instttute. 
Honor of tke Garter, 159^. 

Advision, «. (J.'N.) A vision ; a 

Advite, adj. Adult. 

Fyrste such personet, beynr nowe ad- 
vite, that is to saye, passed their chylde- 
hode, as wel in ninners as in yerea. 

Sir Tko. BUfoVs Governor, p. 85. 

Advocacies, «. ph {A.-N.) Law- 

Be ye not aware, howe that false Poliphete 
Is now about eftsonis for to plete. 
And bringin on you nivocaeies new ? 

TroU, and Cres., \, 14C7. 

Advocas, «. {A.'N,) Lawyers; 

As shameful deth as herte ean derise. 
Come to thise juges and hir advoens. 

Ckmteer, Cant. T., 13,225. 

Advocation, «. {LaL advoeaiio,) 
Pleading. In Scotland, advoca- 
tion signifies the same as a writ 
of certiorari in England. 
Alas I thrire gentle Cassio, 
My advocation is not now in time. 

Othello, iii. S. 

Advocatricb, 8. A female advo- 
cate. Elyot, 

Advoid. «. To avoid; to leave; 
to quit. 

Advouch, v. To avouch. 

Advoutress, », An adultress. 
Revealing Sir Thomas Orerburies wonls 
to the countess of Essex, lord Rnchcs- 
ter's advoutress, she was much enraged 
at it, and from that moment resolved on 
revenge. Bib. Topog., vi, 5. 

Advoutrie, "] «. (from A.-N. ad- 
AVOUTRiE, > voutrie^ avoutrie,) 
ADVOWTRT, J Adultery. 
We eiffe nojte ourc bodyse to lecherye ; 
we do nane advowtrye, ne we do na 
aynne wharefore us sulde nede to do 
penaunce. lAneoU JUS, 

And so tlie good sely man spake and 
made the pese betwene tlicm both, yea 
and farther he gave them a gallon of 
wyne : addvnge to his wivea advoutry 
the lossc of his wine. 

Taiet and Quieie Jusvcers, 

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duke Bvufrcj sjc ra- 

X <2u>aatch mdeomtru, as it vaa. 

Mirror for Mmg^ p. MS. 

A5TOWI, ». (^.JVT. OAWMT.) To 

trov; to plead. 
Av¥OTi>«, ». To ftTOid. 

A^ BO li£. wlticiie OQffat and vhoie 
in?e-^ was to bare adtojfdfd and put frtna 
Bbc t^ inrarie* of all otlterperMnea. 
Ai^f« C'MMhlMB. Hem, IV, t^. 

ADVAKO, »- and ». Award ; judg- 
senteoce. ^9«nwr. 

V. To wait for. 
2'f'mast. Lettert, p. 202. 
lDTu>,^«r/- />. Earoed. Toipm. 
tv MysierieM, p. 195. See 

Airrp, #. ffirom Gr. &8vrov.) The 
mneriDOCt part of a temple ; the 
pace where the oracles were pro- 

Befactd. aaiidrt the adyU of oar goda. 
^ Greenes Work*, i, 114. 

Ax, mdj. yJ'-S.) One; one of 
gereral; each. North. 

JL»G*GEA2ST9, «• (^r.) A tOrt of 

mfla. '* j£nffaffeant$, are double 
rsfBei that fall over the wrists." 
Lad9*9 JHrHamarp, 1694. 
Axa, «. An car. SomL 
AfasMAKcnr, «. {Gr.) Dmnation 

hv the air. 
AzaiE, I a- (fi^m -^-^- «7. •» 
Ajaia, I egS) Th« »"* o^ " 
ATKKT, f eagle, hawk, or other 
ETSKim^J Inrd of prer, but some- 
times also the hrood of the yooog 
IB the nest 
Ok aerit, vitb proportioB, ae'er dis- 

Tlae oSe and tbe wren. 

^^lUamii3€f'3Mtii(^E<mour, I, 2. 

I ^mad tfae fSwaaant that the bawk doth 
Seekjsg fiff safety bred bis Mery there._ 

For as an eftri* from llie'r Kerra wv^l 
Led o'er thepUins and Uujtlii to |cel tbrir 

food. Bnmn*, Jtnt. I'mst., u, «. 

On hii anovie rreat 
Tbe tov'riiig faicoa whilooie built, and 

Strove for that «iri#. A., i. 1 . 

There is a grant, in which the 
"harts and hinds, wild boars and 
their kinds, and all ariew of 
hawks," are reserved, liuichin- 
soa'i HUt. qfCumb.Xb2Z. And 
a petit serjeantry was heid in 
Cumberland, "by keeping the 
king's oerieM of gonhawks." 
Biouni*8 Joe. Ten., p. 165. 
(2) a. To build its nest. 

And vhere tbe plicBnu turut. Drayton. 

^STiTALL, ael/. (Lat.) App<»r- 
taining to summer. Rider^t IHc* 
tionarie, 1640. 

^STiVATK, 9. ( Lat.) To remain in 
a place during the summer. 

iEsTivK, adj. {Lai.) Of summer. 

i£TiTE8. A pebble, sometimes 
called the eagle-stone. The an- 
cients believed that it was found 
in the eagle's nest, and that the 
eggs could not be hatched with, 
out its assistance. Acconling to 
Lopton, it is a charm to be used 
by women in childbirth, and 
brings love between man and wife. 
A singular account of its virtues 
may lye seen in Cooper's edition 
of Elyot's DietumarUt 1559, Sig. 

Abwaas, adv. Always. Norths 

PkXYt adv. Yes. Var. dial. 

Afaitbn 1 *'• (^-^- *-^*''^) 
afI^^ r'™^^' toUme,to 

AFAYTT, JjubduC. 

It afttHetk the llf ash 
Fram foliet fol nianye. 

Pitn PI., p. 891. 

He badde a rlergon yon^ of age, 
\S boiu be batii lu bia cUamber affaitod, 

Tbe 5onge wbelpe wbicbe is irffayUd. 

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Ai sonc M tomer come, to YrloncI he gan 

Yor to afaytjf that lond, and to wynne ech 
ende. Rah. Glove, p. 179. 

Afa I.LE, part, p. Fallen. 

Afare, «. {A.-N.) Afifairs ; busi- 
ness; ado. 

Afarne, adv, {A.'S.) Afar off. 

Afatement, f. {A.'N.) Be- 
haviour; manners. 

Afayle v. {A.'N,) To faiL 

Afeared, 1 
affeard, V part. p.{A,'S.) Afraid, 
afert, J 

For be he leired man or cUes lered, 

He iiot how Bone tliat lie shnl ben afered. 
The Doctoura Tale. 
Ich am a/eri, 
Lo whet ich se, 
Me tliiuketh )ut beth derclet thre. 

MS. Arvnd., 8S. 

Afere, 1 ». {A.'S, afceran.) To 

affear, J terrify. 
Tlie flnm the soudan nam, Richard for to 
effere. LangtofVe Chron., p. 187. 

And it afereth the fend, 
lor swich ia the uivehte. 

Fieri PI., p. 805. 
£ach trembling leofe and whistling wiod 

they hearc, 
As ghastlv bug, does grratlv them affeare. 

^pouer^s Faerie QHeene,ii,i'a^ 20. 
AFEDS,e.(^.-5.) To feed. Chaucer, 
Afbfe, v. {A.'N.) To fcof ; to give 

Afeld, \adv, {A.'S.) In the 
afelde, j field ; in fight. 
Ant hou he sloh afelde 
Him that is fader aqnelde. Som^ 997. 

Afelle, V. {A.'S.) To fell; to 
cut down. 

That lond destmd and men nqneld. 
And Cristendom thai hnn michel afeld. 
Oy of JFaneike, p. 96. 

Afbnge, V, {A.'S.) To receive; 
to take. 

A ladv, whyt as flowr, 
That iiyghte la dame i'amoret 
Afeng hym fayr and well. 

Ljfbeaue Diseonvs, 1401. 

Afxormb, V, {A.-N,) To confirm ; 
to make fast, 
nave who so the maistry may, 
Aftorm^ed fastc is (his dcray. 

K^ng Misaunder, 7356. 

Afer, f. {A.'N,) A horse. The 
word is now used generally for 
a common hack, or cart- horse. 
According to Spelman, it was 
current in his time in Northum- 

AferDi part, p, {A.-N.) In- 

^^r«;, l«&*-(^-^) Afraid. 
aferre, J 

Sche that is aferre lette her flee. 

SiUon, Jne. Soh^s, p. 77. 

Afetid, part, p. {A.-N.) Well- 
shaped, or featured, applied to 

Affabrous, adj, {Lat. affabre.) 

Affadil, f. {A.'N.) A daffodil. 
A form of the word common in 
the 15th and 16th centuries. 

Affaied, part. p. (/^.-iV.) Af- 
frighted ; affected, hangioft, 

Afpaies, f. {A,'N^ Burdens. 

ArFAiyEDtpart,p.{A.'N.) Feigned. 

Affamish, v. {A.'N,) (I) To fa- 
mish with hunger. Speruer, 
(2) To die of want. 
There is a cnrious clause in one of the 
Romish Casuists concerning the keep- 
ing 01* Lent, riz , that beg^rs which 
are ready to affumish for \\ ant, may in 
Lent time eat what thev can get. 

HalVe THumpht'of Borne, p. 123. 

Affabulation, f. The moral of 

a fable. 
Affect, v. {Fr.) To love. 

Who make it their taske to disparage 
what they affect not. 

JehmoU'e Theatr. Chem., p. 461. 

Affect, i t . Affections ; passions ; 
affects, j love. 
For every man with his qfeele is horn. 
Looeys Labours Lost, i, 1. 
Is*t possible, I should be dead so soon 

In her afeelsf 

Marston's What Ton Witi, iii, 1. 
All orercome with infinite t^ect 
For his exceeding courtesy. J^tenser. 
It shall be so. Grime, gramercio» 
Shut up thy daughter, bridle her o^k^j. 
Let me not miss her when I make 

GreeHo's Pinner <if Wakefield, 1390. 





Sq bcr cbfT cue, n eutlcne bov to please 
fifx ova tfeeL, wm care of n^opln ease. 
im^lmit BUza, Mirr. M^ p. 863. 

AmcTATBD, ^r/. p. {Lat.) Af- 
fected. " A stile or oration to 
much afeetaied wytb strange 
words." Baret. 

AyncTATioK, $. {Lai.) A anions 
desire of a thing which nature 
hath not given. Aider. 

AppEcriotrsLT, ado, Aflection- 

AfFEcnox,». (fr.) (1) To love. 
"But can too affection the 
'oiBinr Merry jnv€9(tfJfind' 
tor, i, 1. 

(2) $, AiTectatioii. 
(3J Sjmpathy. 

Affkctionated, part. p. (Lat) 

ArpEcnoiTKD, part.p. Affected; 
having affections. 

Atfectivx, A^'. Touching; affect- 
ing; painful. 

Afpictuall, adf. {Fr.) Effectual. 

*»»»«««™ « V *^^7 » affection- 

So xhai mj vrittnge rather mm>kit1ie 
T<m to ilispkMar iliiin it foraeriihe me 
111 uiy Myni conccrnynj; jour ftruur, 
whicbe I aoet ^ectnclly coreyte. 

ArckaohgiA, xxt, 89. 

I kare •ooght h jn mffeetuosly. 

AFncruo8rrT,«. The Tehemence 
of passion. 

AmsBLKD, adj. Enfeebled. 

Affeer, 9, {J.-N.) To settle ; to 
Bsseu; to reduce to a certainty. 
All amerciaments — that is, judge- 
ments of any court of justice, 
vpon a presentment or other 
proceeding, tliat a party shall be 
unereed— are by Magna Charta 
to be afeered by lawful men, 
sworn to be impartial. This was 
the ordinary practice of a Ck>urt 

njtiUeis^«er'<i/ Fare thee vdl. lord. 

AymKKBS, f. Persons who, in 
courts leet. are appointed upon 
oath, to settle and moderate the 
fines and amerciaments imposed 
upon those who have commiiied 
faults, or offences, for which no 
precise penalty is proTided by 
statute; and they are likewise, 
occasionally, so emploved in 
coui ts baron. 

Apfendb, r. To offend. 

Affkra VNT, f . (j4,'N.) The hanoch 
of a hart. 

Arraaa, (1) «. (^.-JV. offerer.) To 
(2) a. Countenance ; demeanonr. 

Affbeme, v. (^.-A'.) To confirm. 

Among the (Oddrs hve it i« effTntrJ. 
Ckuu'cer, CuHt. T., i,'Jil 

kwvMXE,^,part.p. {A.-S.) Fright, 

She for a vhile wns wfl] %mv nf^t^i. 

Brtfwn^t SkephearfTi Fipt, Lcl, L 

Affis, "] 
AFFY, I P. (J.-N.qffer.) (l)To 
AFYE, I trust; to rely in. 

▲FY6HK, J 

Tot to slicwe by expCTicnce 
That she i« Kortuiif renlir. 
In whom no man ne vhould affif, 
Kor in bcrvetii* hnre rinunrr. 

iiomMUHi o/lh4 Kote, S480. 

Bid none c^^ in frif ndt, for uy, his childrrn 
wroapht hiswrarke. 

Wanur'* Albion' » Bnglmni, UM. 
Pon afyed in his streynihe. 

K. Jluaumdsr, 7351. 
Who that bath treve amye, 
JoUiiich he ouy hym in her afwh^. 

JK 4753. 
(2) To betroth in marriage. 
And wedded be thon to the ha^ of hell, 
>'or darini^ to e^ a mighty lord 
Unto the daughter of a wortlilrsa kinjr, 
llaring neither subjecl, wealth, nor du<lfm. 
2 Uenry VI, ir. 1. 

Affinaob, «. {j4.'N.) The refining 

of metals. Skinner. 
Affink, (1) «• (Lai. affbue.) A 


(2) V. (A.'N.) To refine. 


d by Google 



Affinkd, tfi|f. Connected by re- 
lationship or otherwise. 

Now, sir, b« Judge youiwlf, 

WlicthCT I in any Juat term am amn^d 
To love the Moor. OthtUo, ^ 1. 

Affirb, adv. On fire. Lydgate. 

Affirm ABLT, adv. "With cer- 

Afflioht, f. Flight. 

Afflioit, adj. {j4.'N,) Afflicted. 

Afflubncy, #. {Lat. afflueniia.) 

Yott may justly wonder at this vast 
aJHuMOf of indulgences. 

BrniHl*s Satd, ^e., p. 968. 

Affodbll, #. (^.--y.) The daf- 

AFFORCB,f;.(>^..M) To strengthen; 
to compel. See ^orce, (the more 
common form.) 

Afforb, V. (^.-M) To make 

Heete and moytture directyth ther pai- 

With grecne fenrenoe faforeyongeonM: 
Ljfdffate's Minor P., p. 844. 

Afforbst, V. {A.'N.) To turn 
ground into forest. This term is 
used in the Carta de Foreata, 
9 Hen. III. 

Afformb, v. {Lat.) To conform. 

Afforst, adv. Thirsty. See 

Kot halffe ynowh tberof he hadde. 
Oft he was afforst. F^ere and Boy. 

Affrayb, V, {ji.'N.) To frighten. 

And wbenne kynge Kdwardes hooste 
had knowlege that sere Fcrys le Bnisille 
with the Scotlcamen were comynge, 
tliei rcmcved from the segc and were 
o^y#rf. Wartvorlh's ChnmicU, p. 2. 




But yet I am in grete affraie. 

Bom. o/ik€ Rose, 4Z^. 
His herte was in grete afrojfe. 

Syr Trjfamoure, 1382. 

Affray, t. A disturbance. 
Who lyved ever in snob dclyt a day. 
That him ne meved eytlier his conscience. 
Or ire, or talent, or nom luaner affray. 

Chaucer, Cant. 7., 6656. 


Affraynb, V. {J.'S.) To ques- 
tion ; to ask; to know by asking. 
I tf^ayiMrf liym first 
Fram whennes he come. Pters Pt.»p. 347. 

Affbayor, *. {J.'N.) The actor 
in an affray. 

Every private man being present be- 
fore, or in and during tlie time of an 
affray, ought to stay the a/rasN>r,and to 

Cart them, and to put them in sunder, 
ut may not hurt Uiem, if they rcast 
him; neither may he imprison them 
(for that he is but a private man). 

JXilUni'e Country Justice, 16S9. 
Afframynge, 9. {A.-N.) Profit ; 

gain. Prompt. Parv., p. 176. 
Affraf, v. {A.-N.) To encounter; 
to strike down. 

Tliey bene y-roett, both ready to effi^. 

Affrbnd, ». {A.'S.) To make 

friends ; to reconcile. 

And deadly foes so faithfully egrended. 
■ Spenser. 

Affret, f. {Fr.) An assault ; an 

And, passing forth with ftirious gffireL 

Affric AN, f. A name for a species 
of marigold. 

Affriction, f. Friction. 

Affriohtmbnt, f . A frightning. 
I have heard you say that dreames and 
visions were fabnlunsj and yet one time 
I dreamt fowle water ran through the 
floore, and the next day the hoiue was 
on fire. You us'd to say hobgoblins, 
fairies, and the like, were uotlung but 
our owne affrightmenls, and yet o* my 
troth, cuz, 1 once drcnm'd ui a young 
batchelour, and was ridd wiih a night- 
mare. But cume, so my conscienee be 
cleere, I never care how fomle my 
dreames are. The VouyBreaMer, 16S6. 

Affrodilb, f. A daffodil. Chegh, 

Affront, (1) v. {A.-N. afnnter.) 

To confront ; to salute. These are 

the direct meanings of the word ; 

but it is also often used to denote 

encountering, opposing, attack- 

ing, and most generally, to offend 

and insult avowedly and %'ith 


For we have closely sent for ITamlet hither. 

That he, as 'twere by accident, may here 

Jfffont Ophelia. ilaaUet, iu, I. 





(2)«. A Mliitttioii. 
Oaij, tir, tlut I aort caotian ymi of, in 
jov mffrtmt, or white, nerer to more 
yoar Let Greenes Tti ^MfW. 

Has daj^hoB ikall hare ingots, and to- 

Caekn^iVmffrcmt. /mam, .iZdL. n» 8. 

(3) odSr. Id faee of. 

Afl norbd «nm WVwi/ the ntc 

Fhaa'* rtrfi, p. 194. 
4fbii# the tovBC A., p. in. 

. . . . aad Ob the ahofe ^/(wl them tenda. 
it., {k 821. 

AFraoKTBBNBas, f. Greal impn- 

ArFuin», 9, (Lot.) To pour upon. 
Afftauwck, #. (^.-M) Trust. 
Atgodnsss, «. (^.-51) Idolatry. 

Ansui, oA. Gone to the fields ; 
out in the fields. Nortkam^ 

knuL, \v. {A,'N,) (1) To 

ATFILB, J polish. 

7ar vd wyat he, vhan that aonf was imge. 

He BQita precfae^aad vcl t^U his tunpte. 

CKatMflr, CImiI. T., 7l4w 

(2) To defile. 
Alia, beo aaide. y acn y^apiUedl 
ftesKm me elepoth qoeae Med. 

gj»ff Jlunudtr, 1064. 

AriHDV, 9. (^.^.) To discover. 
And tha the Sarsens tfmidt 
Ucr lord was sIstii. 

OetowUm, \,IW9. 

Aront, eAr. The same ts -^fyn. 
AmsGwxD, adj. A-hnngred ; him- 
cry. See 4/unt. 
Aid after nanv auuier metes 
Hisaa»reisi|^nvr«^ /1wfvPr.,p.lSS. 
A f« fon oat of the wode fco, 
Jfm§ni aob that hiin ves wo. 

Aftt, oAr. On foot. North. 
AnTK. 0^. Into five pieces. 
Ihat has spcre braat tfvt. 

Of pfWarygnkij p. 894. 

Aflamixo, adj. Flaming. 

Aflat, adj. Flat. 

Atlaumt, a4N Showily dressed« 

Al ^kmmt now ramit it ; 
Brave «earfri^ east away care. 

r iwm m mmd Ca t Brnuin , V 8. 

Atlxd, per/. Esctped. "He 
thought hym well ^^indL" Sir 
ArLiOHTB,v.(^.-iV.) Toheaneasy. 
ArLOBS, adv. On the floor. 
Afo, v. (^.-&) To take ; to re- 
ceive; to undertake. 
tor Boihuig that he aitht do. 

Of pf Wmrwih, p. 9i. 

Awo AT, adj. On foot. Var.diaL 
Awoihu, V. {J.'N.) To foil; to cast 

AroNDB, 9. (A.'S. ^amdiam.) To 

prove ; to try. 
And nys son ned wrth foole handfynf* 

Other othcri{^OM(«<A W.i$Skardmm, 

AvoNOK, 9, {d.'S.) To take; to 

Noa God that oea soole jai; oas kU hire 

her BO rede, 
Tbateeint Miehd oea note ^^bay* aad to- 

fnra him kde 1 

MUdU-Jge TrmOm m Sdmet, p. 140. 

AFoncB, 1 V. {A,'N. affbrcer.) 

AFFOftCB, /(l)Toforce;tocoro- 

peL To <|foretoiMtff^, to labour 

to do a thing. 

And doth hit tvme in yerdis leynth^ 

And t{fareed hit by streTiithe. 

jr. Jlunmdtr, 78S. 
And heo ii^breei^hoa the more the hethene 
awey to diyre. ital. GUmc. 

(2) To violate a female. 

He hath me of Tibrnie Wioocbt ; 
Me to ^fgret is in his thoachu 


AFOEN, J ^^" ""**"• P~*- 

(2) Gone. Somenet. 
AroRE-Tux. Before thon hast 

AponxTiirs, eifi^. In time past. 
Afouyenb, prtp. (J.'S.) Over 

against ; in front of. Somenet. 
The yondir hoow, that etante ^orftns nn 

AronNAifBS, adv. Beforehand. 

Prompt. Part. 
AronNX-CABTB, adj, (^.-5.) Pre- 
By hii^ inaglnacion afonu-auff. 

d by Google 





Aforran, adt. lu store; in re- 
serve ; corrupted from q/orehand. 

Aforsb, adv, {A.-N.) By ne- 

Than ffelle it affi^rte to ffille liem atejne. 
Z>(7KW. 0/£icA.//, p. 28. 

Aforthb, adv, {/4.-S. afor^.) Al- 
ways; continually. 
And yaf hrm mete aa he nivghte aforthf^ 
And uiesurable hyre. Fiers PL, p. 139. 

Aforward, adv. In front. 

Afote. adv. On foot. 

Afoundrit, pari, p. Foundered. 
Chaucer^ ed. Urry, 

Afrawl, adv. For all ; in spite 
of. Sufolk, 

Afrebd, adj. Afraid. Derhyth, 

Afrrt, adv. {A -N.) Placed cross- 
wise, or in fret. 

For round environ her cronnet 
Ww full or ricUe stoiiis afret. 

£oM. of Rose, 3204. 

Afrbtie, v. {A.'S.) To devour. 

The fend ou afrelie 

Pol. Songs, p. 240. 

Afrkyne, v. {A.'S.) The same as 

AvRosT, adv. In front; abreast. 
Afrore, adj. Frozen. Somerset, 
Afrountk, V, {A.'N.) To accost; 

lo encounter. An older form of 


And with Node I mette. 
That afroutUed mc foule. 

Pisrs PI, p. 425. 

Aft, (l)arfr. Oft. 

(2) prep. (A,-S. aft,) Behind; 
after. North. "I'll come aft 
you." Sussex, but not in general 

After, pr^p. (A.-S.) Afterwards ; 
according tu. "After that they 
were," according to their degree. 

Afterbvrthbn, f. The afterbirth. 

Aftercastb, s, a throw at dice 
after the game is ended; some- 
thing doa« too late. 

Ajterclap, f. Anything unex- 
pected happening after a diss- 
grceable ailair has been thought 
at an end. 

For the assaults of the devil be craftie 
to make us put our trust in such Hrniour, 
hee will feme hiniselfe to flie : but then 
we be most in jco))Hrdie. For he c:in 
give us ajt afterelap y.\itii we least wecne, 
timt IS, suddenly returne uuawurea tu 
us, and then he' |?ivcth us an aflerclmp 
that ovurthroweth us, this armour Ue- 
ccy veUi us. Latimer's Sermons, 

Afterdeale 1»-(^-^-) ^"con- 
^^^^^' Vvenience; disad- 

AFTERDELE, J^^^^age. 

The kyage and the duke were before 
put to great aftcrdfnle ; by reason of 
rcforiniuioun of tliat iile they gat daily 
upou their eneniycs. labiau, ii, 14^. 
Thus the battle was great, aud ofcen- 
tinies that one party was at a fureddc; 
tuM anon at au afterdele, « Inch eudui cd 
Ion jr. 
Malory, H. ofK. Arthur, fcc., b. i, p. 169. 

After-eye, v. To keep a person 
in view ; to follow him. 
Thou shoutd'st Iiave made him 
As hi lie as a crow, or Jess, ere left 
To after-eye hint. CymbcliMy i, 4. 

Apferfeed, t. The grass after the 
111*51 crop has been mown, which 
is fed off, not left for an after- 
math. Oxford. 

Ap-rER-GAME, s. The •* after-game 
at Irish" is mentioned in the 
DeviVs Law-Caae, 1623. It is 
described in the Compleat Gatne- 
ster, 1709. 

'W'hnt cursed accident was tliis? what 
mischievous stars have tlie niunagiu*; of 
my fortune? Here's a turn with all my 
heart like an after-game at Irish. 

Etkertge, Corneal Rertnge, 1668. 

After- KINDRED, t. Remote kin- 
dred. Chaucer, 

After-love, «. A second or later 
love. See the TSco Gentlemen 
of f 'erona, iii, 1, and Richard II, 
V, 3. 

Aftermath, m, A second crop of 
grass. Var, dial. 

AFTER-PARTE.The behind. Prompt. 

d by Google 




Ama.6Aiu, f. The tails thit 
bekmj to the main and mizen 
GB»tB, and keep the ship to the 


A^rearxcs,*. The last milk taken 
(nm a cow. This word is used 
iotbe Midland Counties. " Dimna 
EX the tfierhufM wi* tother milk." 
—Do not mix the last drawn milk 
»ith the other milk. 

APTnarrs, #. Aftermaths. Berk». 

AntR-ioNGK, adv. Long after- 

^'■^^Um^ht Ijred withonten stnrfe. 
Rfllf. Jntiq., i,'47. 

ArrEBWARDS. •• I must leave that 
fcr old eftentards** i. e., I must 
'io It at Mme future time. 

ArsE-tERXE, 9. {A.'S,) To long 

Aw.ifEAL,,. A late meal. 

^h'^MftUtxlio shall paye for tlic tiine? 
Tky$ut€'s Debate, p. 49. 

A7raE, tic. On fire. -fto*. C/oiu?. 

inasr.fl^/p. Thirsty. The two 
firiaj a-fyngred and a-furstt ap- 
pcirto l»€ characteristic of the 
salectof the counties in the West 
f'f England, and occur often in 
^ifrt Ploughman^ and in manu- 
«?"«pta pro^moly written in that 
P»rt of the country. ""Affurtt 
f^rrcptc pro at hirst ^ siliens, siti- 
P^nas." MS. Glouc. Glass. 

*tiT.«^. Sullen. Somerset. 

^'woaE, prep. Before. Var. 

^GHTE, ». (^..5. qfeohtan.) To 
^*°«i reduce to subjection. 

•^5. li?.(i#-A:fl/».) In fine; 

^'^s, J in the end; at last. 

Jf«» «rt drrnk thrv badde «/>«. 
n«Srtt, ckri, abd'Rert-DTscii vm. 

' Ztfimyai, 348. 

^6 V. To eot with a ttrokc. North. 
^«Uir,«ir. Against; again. North. 
«ABaiD^ part. p. Gathered. 

A6A«,fc Tiicagae. North. 

^I'^X W(^..5.) Apinst, 
. ^ . .^. .* f "«*•' to ; towards. 

And |irrrrtli hir for to ride o^nn tbs 

TUe honour of bts rf«»nr to •n^trm^. 

i'kaucrr, (nut. T,*h\2. 
Til it were ov-"'" r^^^\. 

SvH'jt und Cnrols, X. 

(2) adr. Used expletivcly. 

Till! riti(« lic<h brtwrrn the rnrri IV>n 
and !)<••-, ttiicrt m t« iln- ifnav^i «! 
or sm1iii<i(i4, I lull i» l(j he louiiil ay«wi 
vithiii till' cuiiKf iKsr ol Aii'iori. 

J^f-lCr. nl >CotL, lioliUf.'.'J, p. 7. 

Tliry lia\»'. in t|ii« roiiiiliy iMrlir |«lrrify 
of I«'iM-« Ixi'iie «iidi- iiiiil l.iim- .t<i tj.c 
lyk" iKiiiiiitf oyaynt >• uoi tu be 1 w\A in 
Jinia.iic. /A., p. i4. 

Againbye, 1 V. {A.'S.) To re- 

AGiiKNBiE, / deem. 

Agaynbykr, s. a redeemer. 

** A(jayuhtftT or a raunsf.mere, re- 

deinptor." MS. Hart., 221. fol. 3. 

AoEvy - BYiNGR, *. BedcniptioD. 

Prompt. Parv. 
Agayne-commyngr, s. Return. 
AoAiN.Ri8iNO,a. The resurrection. 
Agaynsay, la. {A.'S.) Con- 

agayxsayyxg, j tradirtion. 
Sure it is tliat )»f liHikt* laiulf pt-nrrahly 
wytliout auy ai/ii}/tuait or iti»irin[,i mi. 
JJairt I ,noH. 1.M8. 

Againstande, v. (A.'S. agfuatan' 
dan.) To resist ; to oppose. 
l^rtle, tJiou hyjldnt iutr. rrn b«»h 

W|(ili'Z«*9 aild BtiVkrs l»lllli)U!rn arfi-n. 

sioudimie... Km- sulh-i ins; uoiiMiiLUi lo>c 
nnil a;inuslc»,lfih tl.-baff. 
Prtiyrroj thf I'lovcmtin, llnrl Misc., vi, VJ 
Fur rnuse he caiue not forth wiili all liM 

The tyi-ant fell to nqavns'and sm lie bi^'lit. 
IJurdi/t4if'a i'hrou., fol. 48. 
With cSBtellca atrong aiid towiea for the 

At eche mvlea ende to affefiutande alle the 
foonyi. * U., fol. 53. 

Agaynewarde, ] adt. (A.-S.) On 
AYENWARDE, V the contrsrv, on 
ageynwarde, I the other hand. 
But agaynetoarde the wretcbeth dis- 
posYciuu of the body diatonrbeth the 
aoule. TrerisOt lib. ii, cap. iii, fol. 61. 
And ayenwardet yf thej hey oneryn la 

Eroporcyon, and infecte, Uieiioa has 
rettytb evyl and sykneaac. 

Barthifl., bi Tnsiss, Ub. ir, p.fL 

d by boogie 




AoAiTARDS, adv, (A.-S.) <' To gang 
agaiiwardt" to accompany. A 
Yorkshire word. 

AoAiMTH, prep. Against. North, 

AoAME, adv. In game. Chaucer, 

AOAN, part, p. Gone. 

AoAPE, adv. On the gape. AfUton. 

Agak, 9. A sea monster ; perhaps 
a personification of the Higre, or 
hore of the tide. 

Hee [Neptunej tendeth a noDster called 
the agar, against whose coming the 
waters roare, the fowles flie awav, and 
the cattel in the field for terrour shnnne 
the bankea. LiUy'* Gallathea, act i, s. 1. 

AoAK. An exclamation. Devon. 
AoARB. An exclamation, equiva- 
lent to— be on your guard, or, 
look out. 
With TOQ again, Beangard. jigare, ho I 
Otwa^, The Jikeitt, 1684. 

AoARiOK, 9, {Lat,) The fungus on 
the larch. Gerard. Minsheu 
calls it '* a white and soft mush- 
room." It is also given as the 
name of an Assyrian herb. 
AoARiTiBD, at^. Having the ague. 

AoAS-DAY. St. Agatha's Day. 
AoASBD, \part, p. Astonished; 

AOAZBD, j aghast. 
The French exdaim'd, "the devil was in 

All the whole anny stood aga^i on him. 
1 Henry F/, i, 1. 
The were ao sore agased. 

Cknter FUtyt, ii. 86. 

AOAST, part, p. Terrified. Still 

used in the North. 
For which lo sore agatt was Emelie, 
That she waa w«l neigh road, iiiid gan to 

crie. The Knightes Tale, 2343. 

Agastb, V. To frighten. S^eneer, 
AoATB, adv. {A,'S.) Agoing, ado- 

I pray yon, memory, set him agate again. 
O. P., T, 180, 

To pet agate, to makjC a be- 
ginning of any work or thing ; to 
he agate, to be on the road, ap- 
proaching towards the end. 
(2) f. A very diminutive person. 

Said to be a metaphor from the 
small figures cut in agate for 

AoATB-WARDs, odv. To go offaie- 
icariftwith any one, to accompany 
him part of his way home, which 
was formerly the last office of 
hospitality towards a guest, fre- 
quently necessary even now for 
guidance and protection in acme 
parts of the country. In Lincoln- 
shire it is pronounced agatehotue, 
and in the North generally ^a- 

AoATHBiD, part, p. Gathered. 

Agb, 9. {J.'S, aee.) Ake ; pain. 
Thei feclen mychc age and grevaunoe. 
Medical MS. Utk eemt. 

AoB, v. (A.'N.) To grow old- 

" My daam aget fast," i. «., ahe loolra 

older in a short space of time. It ia 
sometimes used in Yorkshire in tba 
sense of affecting with concern asd 
amazement, because those jNttaiona, 
when violent and long indulg^ed. are 
supposed to bring on gray haira and 
premature old age. The verb agyn oc- 
curs in Prompt. Fart., p. 8, and Pals- 
grave haa, " I age or wexe olde." 

AoB, adv. (from A.^S. agenj) 
Against, towards. 

As the kyng Gaouiguont flrom Denenwrko 

wende age 
Hider toward Engolond. Beh. Glomc^ p. 30. 
So gret tempest ther com Umt drofhem 

here and tiiere, 
So that the meate del adreynt were in the 

And to other londea some y drive, and ne 

eome ner age. Jk, p. 96. 

AoBE, adv. Awry; obliquely; askew. 
North, It is sometimes used for 
** wrong," and occasionally m cor- 
ruption of ** ijar," as applied to a 

AoBBAN, prq>. Against; andn. 

Agbins, prep. Towards. 

AoBTNU8,/»r9». Against. 
Alao hyt were a^fynme good reson. 
To take hya hure, as hys felows don. 

ConetU. qfMoMonrf, 167. 

A0BLA8TiCK,ac{f.( QrJiyt\a9TucoQ.^ 

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Sad; nilleD. Minshea, Gmide 

mio Tomgmn, 1627. 
Agblt, (1 ) r. (from A.-S. agiidam,) 

Forfeited; repaid. 

(2) Offends, for offUt. 
AGZ!r,ad9.{A.S.) Again ; aftintt ; 


STal hare a wvpcr at ronr alter cost, 
Hrre in this plaee, nttm^ by tha poit, 
Vljaa Uiatye eomni a^at from C«ntcrbarr. 
CiMMter, Caml. TaUt, SOd. 

The trae lord or owner of any 
thing. Skhmer, 

AcEXHiKx, $. {J.-S.) A guest at 
a houje, who, after three nights' 
stay, was reckoned one of the 
family. CowelL 

Agen-rising, 9. {A.^S.) The resnr- 
nction. ^ This is the firste a^e»- 
ruyng, blessid, and hooH is he 
that hath part in the firste a^en~ 
riaynff." Wyekiiffe*9 New Te»ta^ 
mentj Apoe., xx. 

Agkkdows, au$. (A.-N.) Sager; 
keen ; severe. SieltoH. 

Agest, Aff. Greatly alarmed. Some- 
times used to express such great 
terror, as if a ghost had appeared. 
Used in Exmoor, and according 
to Grose, in the North. 

Agbthb, pret, t, Goeth. 

Agg, (1) r. (^.-5L epgian,) To 
incite; to proToke. Exmoor. 
Afigmg, mnrmuring, raising a 
quarrel. Dewnu 
(2) t. A grudge ; a spite. Abr- 

(3) V, To hack ; to cut clumsily. 


Aggexxration, ». (Lat.) A grow- 
ing together. 

Aggerats, f. (Lai.) To heap up. 

Agcestbd, f. (LaL) Heaped up. 

AficiE, r. (A,'S.) To dispute; to 

AfiaLATED. Adorned with aglets. 

AooLB, V. To cat uneven. Nmik* 

Agorack, (I) v. (A,'N.) To Csvour. 
Anil, that Thick all foireworkci dpth moat 

(2) f. Favour. 
Of kiadneaae and of c uoilww a aygraor. 

Agorate. 9. (I) (A^N.) To please 
or gratify. 

From whom vkatcrer thing is goodly 

Doth bamnr pice, the faonr to apcrmie. 
Sp<iu., Tean of Mu»a, 

(2) To irritate, rar. diaL 
Aggeedk, v. To aggravate. Coin, 
Aggreevan'ce, 1«. {A,'N.) A 

ack}revaun8, J grievance; injury. 
Aogrege, 1 ». (A.'S. agreger.) 

AGRXGOX, L To augment ; to ag- 

aggrstoe,J gravate. 

And ■ame tonget rcnemons of nature, 
Wban thcv prrceyve ihiit a pnnce lamered. 
To agrtg hya yre do tbeir buiy cure. 

Bockas. b. ui, c 30. 

AoGREsrrsTNE, *. (A.-N.) A sick- 
ness inddeot to hawks. 
Aggroup, v. To group. Dryden. 
AoGuisE, 1 (1) f. (from gube,} 
AGUisB, J Dress. 

The glory of the eonrt, tbHr faahions 
And brave agguizf, with all Uinr princely 
aUle. More't f kilos. Pocmm, p. 7. 

(2) 9. To dress; to put on. 

Aghe, prea. i. Ought. 
Aghen, adj. (A.'S.) Own. 
AoHENDoi.K, #. An old r^ncashire 

measure.contaiDing eight pounds. 

See Aighendaie. 

Did eorenant vith the uid Anne, that 
if she noold hurt neither of tliem, ihe 
ahonld yearrly have one nqkrndoU of 
mcale. FotVa Diseov. of H^iUkes, 1 613. 

Aghful, 1 adj. (A.-S.) Fearful ; 

AOHLicH, J dreadful. 
Aght, (1) pre$. t. (from the A,'S. 
agon,) Owes ; ought. 

(2) pret. t. Possesses. 

(3) 9, Possessions ; property. 

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(4) 9. Anything. 

Whan aght was do ajena liys i»7lle, 
Ue cuned GoUdys name wytli ylic. 

MS. Uarl., 1701, f. S3. 

(5) adj, {A.^S,) Eight. 

(6) *. The eighth. 
Aghtand, adj. The eighth. 
Aghtele, r. (A.'S.) To intend. 

The knight said, May I traist in the 

For to tel my prevete 

That I have aghteld Tor to do. 

Sevyn Sages {ffeber), 3063. 

Aghtene, ad/. Eight. 

Agilite, adj. Agile. 

If it he, as I have inyd. moderately 
taken al'ier some Meightie busiucsse, \u 
Diiikti one mi)re IrcBlie and offiliie to 
prusecute liis good and godly affaires, 
and lawtull biisinesse, 1 Ktiye to you 
apiine, he mnve lawiuUye due it 
I^'ortkbrooke'a Treat. offaittst Dicing ^'j^. 53. 

He agilU her nere in othir case, 
So here all wholly his trt-spasse. 

Bom. of the Rose, h^^. 

Hiay were fal glad to excuse hem ful 

Of tiling, that thay never agilte in her lyve. 
Chaucer, Cant. T., 6974. 

Agin, (1) conf. As if. Yorksh, 

(2) prep. Against. East. 

(3) adv. Again, far. dial, 
AoiNATE, ff. (from Low Lat, agu 

nare.) To retail small wares. 
Rider's Dictionaries 1640. 

Aginatour, 8, A hawker of small 
wares. This word is given by 
Skinner, who says he bad met 
with it but once. It occurs in 
Cockeram's EngHih Dictionaries 

Agipe, f. A coat full of plaits. 

Agist, v. (from Medieval Lat. agit- 
tare, supposed to be from Fr, 
gesir.) To take in cattle to de- 
pasture in a forest, or elsewhere, 
at a stipulated price; to put in 
cattle to feed ; also called, in the 
North, yiitit^, gitting^ or Joisting 

cattle. Cattle so taken in are 
called gisemente. According to 
Cowdl, it is a law term, signifying 
to take in and feed the cattle of 
strangers in the king's forest, and 
to gailier the money due for the 
same for the king's use. 
Agistment, s. (1 ) The feeding of 
cattle in a common pasture, for 
a stipulated price. 
For, it is to be noted, that agistment is 
in two sortes. that is to smv, the ofjift- 
ment of tlie herbage of woods, laiides 
and pustiires, and uUo the agistment uf 
the woods, which is the niast of the 
woods, which by a more proper worUe, 
for diffcrenrr, is culled the pawna^tc 

JJanicood's forest Lavs, 1598. 

(2) An embanknieut; earth 

heaped up. 
Agistor, 9. An inteudant of the 

royal forests. 
Agitable, adj. Easily agitated. 
Agleede, v. (A.-S,) To glide 

forth ? 
When the body ded rysc, a grynily e-** 

agleed. Lydgate's Minor 'l\, p. J 1 

Agler, 9. {A.-N.) a needle-case. 

Aglet, \8.(A.'N.) The tag of 

aigulet, J a lace, or of the points 

formerly used in dress; a spangle; 

a little plate of metal. Aglet, " a 

jewel in one's cap." Barefs 


Which all above besprinkeled was through- 
With golden agguUts that glistered bright. 
Like twinkling stars. Spruser^ F. Q., II, lii. 
All in a woodman's jackut he h as clad 
Of Lincolne gtccuc, belay'd with ailver 

lace ; 
And on his head a hood with aglets sprad. 
lb., VI, IL 

Aglet-baby, #. A diminutive being, 
not exceeding in size the tag of a 
point. Stuike»p. 
Aglets. The calkins of the hazel. 

AcLOTYE.r. (from A.-N.gloutoyer,) 
To glut; to >atisry. 

To rnakf n m ith papelotes 
To aglolye with here gurlei 
Thai giwUcu altur fode. 

Pirn Pi., p. 639. 

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A6LrTrTD,;Mr/.p. Choked. Booi 
of Si. Jlbau. 

Agxatles, If. A. hmng-nmil. 
A.V6KATLBS, j This word U, pro- 
ittbiy. the same as gmffmaih (pro- 
BOOBCcd in Yorkshire it«ii^miii^), 
which Grose gives as a provincial 
word used in Cumberland, to 
fignily corns on the toes. Pals- 
glare has "agnayle upon one*s 
toa'* "An agnaiie] or come g:row- 
ing upon the toes." Rider 9 Die- 
tionarie, 1640. Minsheu explains 
it as the "sore betweene the 
finger and the naile." It is used in 
some places to denote pieces of 
skin, above, or Aon^ng over, the 
nauM, which are ofren painful and 
troublesome. These in Statford- 
shire arc called baek-Jriends ; 
and in Yorkshire, ttep-moiher's 

It is piod, dnmken in vyne, asaiost 
Korpioocs, and for agne^hM. 

inmfr'M Herbal. 

W:th the shell of a pomegnrTjeJ, ihey 
puree aaar angnavlU$, a;id such hard 
iacLin§e»,"Syc. ' Tumtr^M HerhaL 

Agnation, #. {Lat. agnatio.) Kin- 
dred by the father's si<ie. Mauh. 

AGxmoy, $, {Lat, agnilio.) An 
acknowledgment. .Ifi>^e. 

Agnizb, 9. To acknowledge; to 
confess; to know. 

Agnomixate, 9. iLat.) To name 
from any met itoi ioiis action. Jg^ 
nomxnalion, according to Min- 
shea, is a "surname that one 
obiaineth for any act, also the 
name of an house that a man 
commeth of." 

Ago, ji7. {A,-S,) To go; to 
AG0!«, \ pa.<s away. The part,p. 
AGOXNV, i is still used in some 
paru of the country; a wkUe 
osroae, some time ago. 
Be the lef. other be the iot1^ 
Tiiia vorhlcs »ck al (u/oik. 

Relui. Antiq., i, 180. 

Al Uulk titspas \% aqo. 

I'U, Somfft, p. 197. 

And I toUe tbf m be was «r« 

Cock* LorclUs JivU, p. 14. 

T>U the thjrd dey be «/f<>t>/. 


Uppnn that o^her tjit Palamoo, 
IXfhMn be wifttr that Arale «aa ayM*. 

CUwrr. CtmL T., 1277. 

A-OOD'CHBBLO. God ihicld JOQ ! 

Agomous, iufj. FuU of agony. 
Agonist.*. {Gr,) A champion; a 

prize-fighter. Rider. 
Agonize, v. To fight in the ring. 

Acoo, part. p. Gone ; ago ; since. 

Dorset, and Somemt. 
Agood, adv. In good earnest; 

AORAOS, p, {A -AT.) To be plea&ed 

Agramb, "I V. (//.-S-) To dis. 
A6REME. V please ; to Tex ; to 
AOROMB, J anger. 

knA if a man be lalaely famfd. 
Aod wol \m ik«* pm^rvnun, 
Tluui wol llie of'ijcers j^ ajr^mfi. 

rii/KMans 'lair, \. '-I**l 

Lybeamu was sore airharaed. 
And jn hys herir aqmnrdt. 
For lie haidde y-lore nys s\v'>rde, 

AoRA8TB,/»re/. t. Agraced ; showed 
grace and favour. Spettser. 

Agrauntb, v. {A.'N. agreaunter.) 
To please; to satisfy. 

Agraydb, v. {A.'N.) To arrange ; 
to decorate. 

Thvn halle airntyde, and hele tbe walta 
>^'iLii ciodes iu»U wjtb ryche pallcs. 


Agr£, adv. {A.'N. a gr4.) In good 
part; kindly. 

Whom I ne founde fmward, ne fell. 
Bat toke aari all whole nir plaie. 

Bam. 0/ iJU aMe,i»4». 

AoRB, V. To please. 

If barme agn me, whcrto plaine T thenne. 
TroiluM and Crt»eide, i, 410. 

Agrbabilit^,!. Easinesaof temper; 



AoREAGB, V, To allege. 

Agrsat, adv. Altogether. To 
take a work agreat^ to take it 
altogether at a price. 

Agrbbablb, <z(^'. Willing to agree. 
"I am quite agreeable to any- 
thing you likes best." A com- 
mon provincialism, though given 
by Forby as peculiar to East 

AoREEABLT, odv. Uniform ; per- 
fectly alike. Spenser speaks of 
two knights "armed both agree- 

Agreeancb,*. (^.-iVl) Accommo- 
dation; accordance.; reconcilia- 
tion; agreement. 

Agref, 1 adv. {A,-N.) In grief. 
AGRBVE, f To take agref is a 
common phrase in the old 

And, nece mine, ne take it unt agrefe. 
Troilus and Cretride, ill, 864. 

Agrbmbd. See Agrame. 

Agrbssb, V, (from Lai,) To ap- 

Agrestical, adj. (Lat.) Rural. 
Rider's Dictionaries 1640. 

Agret, adv, (A.'S.) In sorrow. 

Agrbthb, v. (J.'S.) To dress ; to 

AoRBVE, t». (A..N. agrever.) To 
grieve a person ; to vex ; to in- 

And now ftilly porposide withowte oc- 

casyon of greyff to be playntyffe aguynste 

me, whom I never agreryde in no case. 

Monastic Letttn, p. 188. 

Synne offendyth God in hit face, 

And agrevyth oure Lorde ffnllc ylle. 

Ludta Cotenirut^ p. 41. 

AoRiOT, $, {Fr.) A tart cherry. 

AORI8B ^^*{^"S.agr^8an.) To 
AG^'z;,^^*-'^?^^; to. dread; 
J to tcmfy ; to disfigure. 

Tet not the colour of the troubled deep, 
Those spots supposed, nor the fojfs that riie 
from the dull earth, me any M-hit agrist. 
Drayt., Man in the Moon, 

40 AGU 

To hide the terroor of her aneoiith hew. 
From mortal eyes that should be sore 
agrized. Spenser, ¥. Q., VII, vii. 

Sttche rulers mowen of God agrise. 

The Plowium's Tmle, L 2300. 
Who so take ordin othirwiae 
I trowe, that they shall sore agrtse. 

/*., Sf780. 
Thejode knyght up aros, 
Of Mornea woirdes him agros. 

Kyng Hom, 1. 1S26. 
And in his herte he sodainly agro»e. 
And pale be uexte, &c. 

Legends o/Thisbe, 1. 11^. 

Agrombd. Angered. See^^am^. 

Agrope, ». To grope ; to search 

Agros. See Agrite, 

Agrosb, $. {Lat.) A person who 
has much land. Cockeram't Eng^ 
tith Dictionaries 1639. 

Agroten, 9. {AS.) To cloy; to 
surfeit with meat or drink. This 
word is given in Rider^e Diction- 
arie, 1640. It is generally ap- 
plied to surfeits. 

Gorges agnUeied enbosaed their entravle. 
Boehas, b. r, c. SO. 

Aground, adv. To the ground. 

And howshefel flat downe before hia feete 
aground. Someus and Jtdiet^ 1S6^ 

Agrudge, V. {A.'N.) To be 

grieved at. 
Agrum, f. A disease of hawks. 
Agrym, a. Arithmetic. See AU 

Ague, (1) adv. Awry; obliquely; 

askew. North. 

(2) *. {A.'N. from ai^. sharp.) 

Swelling and inflammation from 

taking cold. East, 
Agubd, part. p. Chilly; cold; 

All hurt behind, backs red, and faces pale 
With fright and agtud fear. 

QmeiofiuSj i, 5. 
Ague-ointment, f. An unguent 

made of the leaves of elder, held 

in Norfolk to be of sovereign cf- 

ficacy in curing agues in the face. 
Aguk-proof, adj. Proof against 

an ague. 





Go fta^ they are DoC ocB of tbcir voids ; 
tbey ttM nte I vw eTerjtluii{; tu • 

rtay I««r. vr, 6. 

AGrs-nm, <. The lassafns. 

AsiJEamT, r. ( Fr.) To diadptine and 

■ake warlike. 
Aficrii.eK, «. (A^X. aguUher,) A 


A «Snr neda fiirtb I dxowe, 
Cl«t of ^mZerqoeiDt i-DOwe, 
Aadsaa tJbis niedill thredc mioDe. 

Afix^sK. See ^^^wiftf. 

AecLTB, r. To be guilty; to offend. 
Tbe form of the word which oc- 
cars in Fiers Ploagbroan, Robert 
ef Gloocester, and other early 
vriterB. Seej4^e. 

AcvAcr. Going. Jgwon, gone. 

Agtje, (I) r. To guide ; to govern. 

See Gie, 

(2) adp. Aside ; askew. North. 
A«r»K. »- Ia.'S.) To begin. 

Tbon woidat that ich wrofate 
That ▼ Her ne thobte, 
Bt Bvm-Bild toru ly^j^e, 
T-wri icb hit wiilisusf^e, • 
5e Oad leh net mgymu 
£r ich Sodrnnc wjrnne. 

Ah. (1) I. YorJttA, 
(2) Yes. Derbyth. 

A-HAsrc, ^por/. /y. Hanged ; been 
banged. iZo^. ^/bae. 

Ah bxjt. EquJTalcnt to Juiy *k/, 
frequently used in the country. 
it appears to be generally a 
sneering dissent to an assertion 
of an oDComplimentary character. 



}adv. On high. 

Aad ae be benge, levedy, fonrons, 

Jkefe oppon the liDlle, 
I-ccbela o«» vane we deade ben, 

Ikst we Be bongy in belle. 

1*1 o«t of the lond no myi^bte lebyp go, 
Btfte Ktveoae mehc* two. 
ic dfa»i ao aay mon myghte aeone. 
^ Mmtg AUuunder, 8286. 

A-HBfOBT^adlp. Onbigb. Skdkftp. 
Abbnt, ai/v. Behind. MuUnd 

Ahint, ath. Behind. AbrfA 

A hind f Leietst. 
Ahoh, adv. (/I.'S, awoh.) All OB 

one side. Northampiansh. 
A-BOioHT, adv. Elevated ; in good 

A-BOX.D. adv. To lay a ship a-hold, 

to suy her or place her so that 

she nay hold or keep to the wind. 
ABOBSE.a^9. On horseback. North. 
Ahtb, (1) f. Possessions ; property. 

Ab ! feyre thin sees, freoly bore ! 
When me on u«metti. belh vw bifure 
Wliocb is woridct nhle. 

Lyric Pottrf, p. 4ft. 

(2) pret. t. Ought. 

(3) Eight. 

And letbe b« reiTnede her 
JUUe ant turnu UtWv. ytr. 

CkrouieU Cff Englamd, 410. 

Ahvb, adv. Awry; aslant. Var. 

A-hungbt. Hungry. Shaheqf, 

Ahjb, *. {j4,.S. age.) Fear. 

Ai, adv. (^.-5.) Always ; ever. 

Ain, 9. In Staffordshire, a vein of 
ore going downwards out of the 
perpendicular line; in Shrop. 
shire, a deep gutter cut across 
ploughed land, as well as a reach 
in the river, are so called. 

AiDEB, s. A helper. 

W)iat men shonld scale tbe valles of tb« 
cytie of Worccstre, and wlio sbuuld 
kepe the paBmites for lettynic of lea- 
kewei and tuders. 

Hall, Ht*ry TU, f. 4. 

AiOLB,9. To addle; to earn. North* 
AiB, 8. {A.'S.) An egg. 

And for tlie titbing of a dneke. 
Or d an apple, or ait aie. 

Vrry't Ckauetr, p. 185. 

AiBL, f. (A,"V,) A forefather. 

To gyre from yoare heirea 
That youre aieU yow lefte. 

tiers Floughwum, p. 814 

AiBSB, f . Ease ; pleasure ; recrea* 

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Aio, (1) 9, {A,-S.) A haw. Lane. 
(2) *. (^..A'.) Sourness. Nwih. 

AiouENDALB. A iiieasiire in Lan- 
cashire containing seven quarts. 
j4gh. See Aghendole, 

AionSt 8, An axe. Lane. 

AiGUT.pret. Ought; o»ed. Yorkth, 

AiQUTKDEN, adj. {J.'S,) Theeighth. 

AiGLE, ». A spangle ; the gold or 
silver tinsel ornamenting the 
dress of a showman or rope- 
dancer. Shropsh, See j4glet, 
(2) 8. An icicle. Midi. Couniies. 

AiGiiB, adj. (J.'\.) Sour; acid. 
Yorksh. See Egre. 

AiGRBKN, ». The bouse-leek. Ker- 

AiGULET, 9. The clasp of a buckle. 
" ^iguelet to fasten a clasp in." 
PaUigrave. See Aglet, 

AiK, *. An oak. North. 

AiKKRf 9. Glory. Cornw. 

Ail, r. (^.-S. aidlian.) To be in- 
disposed. Var. dial. 
(2) 9. An indisposition. 

AiLK, (1) 9. A writ that licth 
where the grandfather, or great- 
grandfather was seised in his 
deniaines as of fee, of any land 
or tenement in fee simple, the 
day that he died, and a stranger 
abateth or entreth the same day 
anddi»posscsscththe heir. Cowell. 
(2) *. (^.'i\.) A wing, or part 
of a building flanking another. 

AiLBTTEs, *. (Irf/.-iV.) Small plates 
of steel placed on the shoulders 
in ancient armour, introduced 
under Edward I. 

Ails, #. {j4 -S.) Beards of com. 
Essex. " The eile9 or beard upon 
the eare of come." hollgband. 

Aim, v. (A.'N.) (1) To intend; to 
conjecture. york9h. Shake- 
8t)eare has it as a substantive in 
the same sense in the Two Gent, 
of Veronat in, 1. 

— like Cn»iu«, 
Sits sadly dumpine, uiminti Ctcsnr's death. 
Greenes OrUukv turioto, 1394. 

(2) To aim at. 

(3) "To give aim," to stand 
within a convenient distance from 
the butts, for the purpose of in- 
forming the archers how near 
their arrows fell to the mark. 
Metaphorically, to direct. 

(4) " To cry aim," in archery, to 
encourage the archers by crying 
out ainif when they were about 
to shoot. Hence, to applaud, 
to encourage, in a general sense. 

(5) To attempt. Yorkeh. 
Aim-crier, #. A stander-by, \vho 

encouraged the archers l)y ex- 
clamations, tlence used for an 
abettor or encouragcr. 
While hcronn creatures, Witttim^riers. 
bchtld licr mischuuce \» itli ijoiliiii!; !mt 
lip-pity. EufflUh Arcudia. 

AiN, (1) adj. {A..S.) Own. Xorih. 

then bespy'd her ain dear lord. 
As he cam owre the see, &c. 

Percy's lieliques. 

(2){j4.~S.) Eyes. 
AiNCK, adv. Once. North. 
AiNOGu, adv. Anew. Rob. Clone. 
AiNT, V. To anoint. Figuratively, 

to beat. Suffolk. 
Air, (I) adv. (^.-S.) Early. 

1 pricv'd you never in all my life, 
^ either by late or air. 

Bobiu Hood. 

(2) 9. (A.-X.) An heir. 

Tho^ the Sara7.yn« smyte of myn hcd. 
He yi niyu eyr aftpr uiy ded. 

J/5. Ashmole, xxxiii, f. 46. 
Tlie rij(ht aire of that cuntri 
£s cumen, with alle his knifrhtea fre. 
Mimt'9 Poems, p. 14. 

(3) Appearance. 

AiB-DEw, 9. An old name for 

AiR-DRAWN, adj. Drawn in the 
air; a creature of the imagina- 

This is the rery palntin}; of yoar fcftr ; 
This IS the air-drawn dugsrer, « }iich said 
Led )0tt to Duncan. Macbeth^ lii, ^k. 

Aire. «. An aerie of hawks. See 

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Aiuif, «. [A.N.f tarln \\\ Craven ; 
r^rla in Westmoreland ; and in 
Scodaod, eirie-pamy.) Money 
itivtaetd, or giYcn, to couArm a 
targaJD, See y/rtet. 

•:VjaLi.\G, adj. A li^bt airy person ; 

- '-^. ssR tberc be, sagbt MrlUgs, vilj be 

JoiMm*a Caiilimg, i, S. 
AniMj,f,^/[. Arms. A Yorkahirc 

' ■>• 3riiik«! ffirw* t(e«i she li*:'tl te show, 

- -a*„Tii t'miril bi'trr «i:ttl did blaw. 

ne lofksktre Dialrri, ld3U, p. 13. 

■^''-^*f (I) *. Iron. Maundetilea 

;2jF. To cam- WiUa. 

*3; EitUr of them (e'er a one). 

A:i»ToxEs, t. pL Stones fallen 
i'om the air; meteoric stones. 

t.*T talk of diTCTS pmdiiria, aa veil in 
^'<*< jaiU at in IltiLaod. but tpeciiilly 
^n\%,a; Ue IwU in his hoiiso doth 
•-"'. nnz ou: two or three hours to- 
rUarr »!i«ij nobody is near it, and 
»!Jri a )M (xpnusly m-ntclicd ; and the 
rr-^ and ban of h'is windows are coii- 
iM^fbammered and battered, aa if 
'i-'r«^were a smith's forj?e, which hath 
LKst fat hia oQt of his wits. 

Utter, daUd\9f». 

-f*7,t. (answering the Germ, ori,) 

A pouit of the compass. Norih. 
^WH, arfy. Afraid, jiirthful, 

feyfoL .Vorf A. 
••^^- An eagle's nest ; also nsed 

'^* the brood of young in the 

net %^/lerte. 
^•tt.(^.-A-.) (1) Ease. 

-' The plant axweed. Skinner. 
^'Hi *. Stubble ; as wheat, or 

f» mk, i. e. wheat or oat stub- 

'^ Grose g^ves this as a 

'i«ipihire woi^ 
^laiucHs, 9d9, Easily. 
^^■^^ ] *. (yf..& tfsfi/ or e»i7.) 

^YiB> V Vinegar; or at least a 

^*^ J tort of vinegar. In two 

receipts in the Forme of Cury, 

"wyne, vyncgar ay*W/, oihrr 
alegar," and "vynrgar other 
aytfll^** are mentioned as ingri*- 
dieuts. Tiiere was, jieriiapik.iinTc- 
fore, a difference l)etu(:t>n what 
was ordinarily called viin't^ar and 
aisel; and it has b(*cn Mnipo^rd 
thai ay\eU may have been wiiat 
has since been called verjuue; 
thaf i«, an acid obtained from the 
expressed juice of crab-applca, or 

Ajrnns Castas soilen with fenril in t <'// 
IS gtMid To dtftlri)\ (be liiofr \ . A I-. > ."i 

pla\»tcr m^dcuu!i \\\\% iinS r- 

Tiili trniprrcd Wiih mis II i:e^f'<\ '.U 
w».d«^ fvrf. Pvtr M tu x Hr'r'^L 

She wxn hkr Ibiiij? for buinjir ded, 
lluit lad her lilr only l> bud 
Knt'dwi with rijrl itnmjr :i>id ctrrr, 
Aud thereto »bc' was kin- .ntd im /r(». 

Chaucer, Rom. oj ike Itos', 1.-17. 

AiSLiCHB, adj, {A,'S, egetlice.) 

There I anntrede me in, 

Ksulaishche 1 sev!**. 

AisvKciA, f. (from yl.-y, aitne.) 
Primogeniture. Skinner. 

A I ST. Thou wilt. Unc. 

AiSTKB^BAL, #. Caster-ale, an 
extra-allowance given to labour- 
ers at that season, \orihampt. 

AisTRE, "I *. (//.-iV. aietre. or, as it 
ESTRE, J is very commonly written, 
esire.) A house ; the parts or con- 
ditions of a house; itsapartments; 
also, condition, life. The old 
French phrase, savoir fatM/re. 
wrhich is inter])reted eonnaitre 
tone letrSduUed'une maieont will 
help to explain its application in 
some of the English extracts. It 
is still in common use in Staf- 
fordshire, Shropshire, and, pro- 
bably, in roost of the Midland 
Counties, for the fire-place ; the 
back of the fire ; or the fire itself. 
In the early writers the form utre 
is the more common. 

d by Google 




Al peynted was the wa] in length and 

Like to the estres of tbe grislv place 
Thnt hight the gret tempul of l£an in 


Ckauen,KniglW* T., 1. 1973. 
This Joban itert up as fast as ever lie 

And grasped bv the walles to and fro 
To fytide a star, and sche start up also, 
And knewe tbe estra bet tlian dede Jon. 
Iiafe'4 TaU, 1. 4290. 

His portes and his atret were fui even 

Of tresour and of lordscbyp 

Hist, of Seryn.,\. 109. 

Krrst by bya subtyll compassyng 
He gan espiethe estret or the place. 
Boeluu'4 JHaU ofFrinea, f. 74. 

Ait, 9. (j4,'S.) A little island in a 

AiTCH, f. (^.-.S.) An ach.orpain; 

a paroxysm in an intermitting 

disorder. Var.dial, 
Aitch-bone #. The edge-bone 

{o8 innominaium). Far. dial, 
AiTCHORNiNO,«. Gathering acorns; 

acoming. Chesh. 
AiTH, 8. (^.-5. aiS.) An oath. 

AiTHB, 8. Swearing. 
AiTHER, (1) pron. (^.-S.) Either. 
' North. 

(2) Each. "Aw so three greet 
hee fellows cummin up t' loanin, 
an' aither o' them had a great 
big stick iv 'is hand." Wett- 
moreland and Cumberland Dia- 
lectt, p. 323. 

(3) 8. {A..S.) A ploughing. North. 
Aits, ». Oats. North. 

AiXES, *. (^.-5.) An ague. Grose 
gives this as a Northumberland 
word, and Brockett explains it, 
" a fit or paroxysm of an ague." 

AiYAH, 8. The fat about the kid- 
ney of veal or mutton. St^oUe. 

AJAVLf adt. This word is some- 
times figuratively used for con- 
fusing, clashing, or shaking. Its 
usual meaning is applied to a 
door partly opened. 

Ajax. Pronounced Ajax (with the 

a long.) Sir John Harrington, in 
1596, published a celebrated 
tract, called "The Metamor- 
phosis of Ajas" by which he 
meant the improvement of a 
jakee, or privy, by forming it into 
what we now call a water-eloset, 
of which Sir John was clearly tlie 
inventor. The book was an of- 
fence to delicacy, for wliich Queen 
Elizabeth kept him for some time 
in disgrace. Probably from this 
circumstance, the writers of the 
Shakespearian age were coiiti- 
nually playing on this name, 
by taking it in the sense given 
to it by Harrington. 
A stool were better, sir, of Sir j4ja* hia 
invention. B. Jon.^ Epic, vf, 5. 

But, for his wit no matter much it wakes, 
Whether he sits at tbe boord, or on Jjas, 
Daviet, Scourge o/FMy, 1611. 

Adoring Stercntio for a god, no lease 
unwoorthily then skanitnlly consii- 
tutiiig him a p%tron and protector of 
Jjux and liis commodities. 

Mosp. of Tneurab. Fooles, p. 6. 
Inquire, if you understand it not, of 
Cloacina's clinjiiains, or such as are 
well read in Jjax. 

Camden, Remains^ p. 117- 

Ajee, adv. Awry; uneven. Var. 

AjuqoedKi part. p. Adjudged; 

Ak, conj. (A.-S. ae.) But. 
A KALE, adj. Cold. See Aeale, 
Akard, adv» Awkward. North, 
Akcorn, 8. An acorn. 
Ake, f. (A.-S. eec.) An oak. 
Akedoun, m. The acton. See 

Akble, v. (A.'S. acelanJ) To cooL 
Tlie kyng liyre fader was old man, and droa 

to feblesae. 
And the anguysse of bys dorter hym dnde 

more desiresse. 
And akelde liym wel the more, so that feble 

he was. Bob. Gloue., p. 44S. 

Akenne, V, (A.'S.) To recon- 
noitre ; to discover. 
Aker, (1) «. {A.'S. teeer.) An 

acre ; a field. 




*««^ twrjwte trIrakB be m n dbr, 
om mdt^ be take, aad •» oibcr left. 
JVktUar.c zxir. WireUifi^s weniom. 

(2) «. As acorn. Swi/A. 
AxKK-Loyi>, «. ColtiTated Und. 
AncucAK, c A hosbandinftii. 
AKBTHXB,«ifr. Indeed. 2)evon. 
Anmss, r. (^-A') To recover. 
AjEKVAno, «dlv- Wrongly. See 

AuyxAXCK, «*. On one tide; 

AxKKB, ». (>^-5.) To »hake, or 

ti^ble. NarthampionMh, 
jLkkud, fl4A Awkward. Abr- 

AcyowB, L «fe- {i«-&) On 
; knceliog. 


AK3EOWB, l «fe- {^-&) 

xnns, r knee* ; kneeUng 


4w^ ^ade aoBjksjtlit dhiMM 
Ob Bcdevr. in feld, ded bybtte. 

Tbo Atbdbm aatovncle. 

AxvAWx, ». (^-5.) To know; 

«» acksovledge; to be con- 

Axsin, «. (^.-S.) The tgoe. See 

!:btf » y-Mitfdcid »»d •eh«»t with tb« 

Assc V. (^--5.) To ask. 

Au Will. AU IwiUfkewUL 

Ajlaax, «i^ Alone. North. 
A3jkmAsrmi3nt,a4f\ Like alabaster; 

I iy^i^y vVile vmler tbe OTtuU briakt 
B« ■frfarfrifrr wcU-ttUapt bmb« she 


SyHeUet'M Dm Bar tat, 203. 

BS, «. (1) A corniDt pro* 
Ml of ataiatier, 
{T) An arbalest. 
kt^mm^ «. A kind of far. 
Asd ^e ku chakc with «2«lr«, 
Aad tke knoUca of goUe. 

jrs. <jri5/4«ii/. 

Alaccsb, 9. (^.-A^ a/aeA€r.) To 

faint or fall down from weakness; 

to fell, or itrike down. 
Ai.ACuous.Af/. {Lai.) GayijoWW. 
A-LAnY, t. Lady-day. Suffolk. 
Ai^AMins, t. The lowest noU bat 

one in the scale of music of 

Guido Aretioe. 
Alamoob, f. (Fr,) A kind of 

Alamort, odj\ {Fr.) Half dead; 

in a dying state ; drooping. 

Whose toft and rofsl treataieBt naj 

To heal the rick, to cheer the tammori 

Fmnsk. Liuiad.t,9S, 

Sometimes written all mmcrt. 
See Amort, 
AuiND, Qd», On land ; to land. 

Where, ■■ fli fortvna woidd, the Dane vUh 

f rceh suppbes 
Was lately ooaie aUmi. 

Ihwgtcm^t PeifolUoM, 

Aland, 1 1. {J.-N. aUm, aUmt,) 
ALAN, \ A kind of large dog ; a 
alauni>,J boar-bound. 

Abonte hit chare vente arhite efaaiif, 
Twenty and mo, aa gretc at eny ttere, 
To huate at the lyonn, or at the here. 
And folwed him with motel faet i-bonnde, 
Cotlerd with golde. and torettet fvlid 
rounde. CMmmeer, CmU. T., 1. S160. 

Fonie eovnera and two «/f«« of Spayae, 
Ihife and good. 

Bimrckm't FnHsamrt, b. it, c. S4. 

Alandb, «• (from the adv.) To 

Alakb, a4^'. Alone. North. 
Alanbwb, ff. New ale. Huloet. 
Alano, adv. Along. North, 
Alanob, )a4^(l) Irksome; pain* 
ALBNOB, S ful. Apparently only 

another form oietinge, which see. 

In time of winter «2eii^« it Is! 
The fottlet leten ber blitt. 
£Ui^» JUmumca, ed. 1811, i, 809. 

(2) Strange. Prompt. Pmrv. 

(3) Lonely. 

Alanoenbs, f. Irksomeness ; 

Alantum, adv. (from Fr. hmiam.) 

At a distance. To thbword ^f 

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is generally subjoined. It is given 
by Grose, Thoresby, and Carr, 
as a word used in Yorktibire. 
Alapat, v. {Fr.) To bit bard ; to 
beat. j4lapifej in old Frencb, is 
interpreted as meaning farceurs 
qui se donnoicnt de9 sovfflets pour 
amwer le peuple. 
Kotwilh nwnml to n/rt;ya/ and strike tlipm. 
Afellon's Sire-foid PoliticiaH. p. 1:25. 
Ala RAN, *. Seems to mean a kind 
of precious stone, in tiie follow- 
ing passace quoted from a MS. 
of the 15th century. 
Here cropynit was of rychc pold, 

Hire pnrri'llt! nllu of alamu: 
Iletj'. brjilyll was ol n-lcr bolile. 
On ivt'iysiilelimi^rycl belly* then. 
Alauge, p. {A.-N.) i'o enlarge; to 
bestow liberally. 
^M^|| part in tlipr nntivitie 
ViiXi then alaryhl of bcjimie. 

Chaurrr's Drfame, 158. 
Alas-a-d\y. An exclamation of 

pity. Var. dial. 
ALAs-AT-KVEa. An exclamatioH of 

pity. Yorkah, 
Alassn, conj. Lest. Dorset. 
Alast. adv. At bast; lately. 
Alatk, adv. Lately. 
Alatiiate. t>. {Lat'.allatrare.) To 
growl ; to bark. 

I.*-t C.-rbmis, tlie ilojj of licl, alatrate 
\\iin\ ii«-l'st<; totiiccontrniv. 

iitubfjK'iAneUomieoJ Abiitrs, p. 179. 

Alaund, adv. On the grass ; on 
llie ground. 

Alaunder, *. A kind of pottage. 
Alnund^r of nioton. Take nioton of the 
J«'jr,'e, niid «eih hitteiidur hi liitscif, and 
cjwiieii liii is sotlun. lake and bmie hit 
111 u morttr, or ht-wc hit smal with a 
knyle, and puile hil in a poi and boilc 
hit with Ihe vime broth; and take saf- 
frone, anti pouderof i-km-js, and of cauel, 
and put therto, itnd scth iiit, and serve' 
bit fori he. Cookeiy Rfcripts 1381. 

Jfaunder of beef. Take leekea of the 
lenjfthe of • spoiiuc, uud take parcel and 
bewe smal, and pouder of pepur, and 
muree, and temnur hit togedur, and 
take leeches of beef, and rolle'bam 
therin, and laye horn on a gridirne and 
on the coles tyl they ben rostcd ; and if 

46 ALB 

ye hare no maree, take of the aclf taljrii 
and hewc jiit with the parcelle, and ten 
pur hit as ye dyd before. / 

Alawk. Alack; alas. Suffolk. 

Alay, v. (A.~N.) To mix; to re 
duce, or lower, by mixing : ap 
plied most commonly to wine 
and liquors. 

Ilfi must be wareof alle sucb thinipf s n 
may cliafi.' him- ifhedrinketh wine lij 
liini altn/r it, or let it be sonre. 
Hufibujth's Ilomish /fpolkrary, fol. 41 

(2) A term in hunting, whei 

fresh dogs are sent into the cry, 

Ala YE, V. (.7.-5. alecgan.) To lai 

low ; depress ; to apply. 
Albacore, #. {Pr.) A kind o 

The alharore that follmrcth night and d'»v 
The flying fish, and takes them loi his ))r«<V 
Jtrii. Bibl., ii, 4t-2 
Albe, eonj. Albeit ; although. 
Albk, 1 8. (A.-N.) A long white 
AUBE, V linen garment, worn by 
awbFm J Roman Catholic priests.' 
Albidene, \adv. {A.-S.) From 
albedenk, J time to time; u):g 
after another; by and by; forth- 
Kend it n how je war keno 

A! Inu'lis-inen with dole to derc; 
Thairr jrndcs toke jt- alhflntf, 
JS'o man born wald 5c forbt*rc. 

MiHOt^s Poems. 
The ten comiunidemcntes allebrU^ne, 
lu oure phiy jc x:il liein senc. 

Lndiu CorntCriif, p. ♦. 
Albeuge, 8. (Fr.) Tbe early peach. 
Albespyne, 1 *. {A,~N.) 'Whitc- 
AUBEPYNB, J tborn ; hawthorn. 
And there the Jcwcs sconied him. and 
madeu him a rrowneofthc braunrliesof 
aibf4p\fHf, that is white thorn, that grew 
in tliac 8.ime gardvn, and setieu u 011 
bis bevcd. Mauna'nile's TrmeU, p. 13. 
Albian, 8. An old term for that 
variety of the human species now 
called the Albino. 
Albification. *. (Ztf/.) A chemi- 
cal term for making white. 

ALBLASTBJi, ^instrument for 
' J shootmg arrows. 



Bets dUut aod temnx a U9W 

Var reefj ia.ku r»pr#n'a rcxw. 

Mimot^M I*o<>tL9, p. Ifi- 
J'ti a^tMrea and « 1 1 h st^jncA. 
Uc]r rieve iKii. aad bmkf:'^ Hones. 

-^uujTEix, A A cros & bo «r - in an - 
-4«ijais,*.(5/i«n»«A-) A reward 
or gniidtr given to one tb&t 
W&gs good Dew s. 
-Atitix. «/•. Aahnm« 5*»7M«*^- 
Tcij word oceans in ^ AVm? Ew»^^ 
M Dicfionttry, 1G9I, explained 
**» «biie brown." 
-iisiijr-TMi,*. This ^•rorrt oc^nra 
a MS, //ffr/.,221 (the /^i-owe/^/o- 
raa PaiTB-VKwi), explained t>y 
"' bBmnm/' the wild "vine. 
Alstx. 0^. (ta/.> ^'hite. 
-'-mi, afc. (y#.-S.) Scarcely ; 
«. e- with mucli l>u»ineft» or 
l^Jwr.hardW. Hob. Glnnc^^ p- 81- 
Alt iifTXE, 9. ' A niixed metal* A.n 

iirhfaikal term. 
AuiTOTE, 1 ». A silly fello^-- 
AiiJTOTLK, J Dertnt^ 
-Afl caf. a liiapie aira t^yt^, an iitiior^rnt- 

*^ /^<>,d\. »Vi-4r*, ii, '-212- 
-'*J-^ATiL\s. Akind of sca-guH- (^/«/0 

- -*i <-raij 11^ air aih4X» c lUe liqiiid tcl"^*- 

^icnmrr. ». A mixed metal- See 

Alc.i.on. Halcyon. This corruption 
^c^ttTs in Talh&m*a Royal CJitket 
Alchoc«oi5iix, ». The term given 
i» »»iroUi^ t<» the planet wliich 
teari rule in the principal places 
«€ aa astroVorical figure, Mrhcn a 
P^:T%rrti «fc YK>rn. 
^^-a-«2;. (^^.-S.) Old. 

X'\ *. Not unfrcquently used in 
^^A MSS for Ae/d, or hold. 
^iAaT,adv. Alwavs. 
^^ oa aSonse then dUa^, men may see. 
Baeka», li. i, c 20. 

*i*Em, f 1) adj. Older. 

(2) t. An elder; an ancestor. 
C^o* oUcrs, oar ancestors. 

47 ALD 

C3) A common expretsioi 
Somerseuhire for desning 
alle>s in s potatoe ground. 

Saxon forms of inflpction «l 
were preserved to a verr j 
period of our Ungiiac^. It ' 
used roost frwjuii.tiy in com 
si lion writh an arJjeJtivc in 
superlative degree; of which 
mar give the following i 
aril plot: 
- fiett. Best ©fall. 

Ht Ix-n the ntth^rh'st 
llial bea frora mi ,.,fo wttL 

t^'jng AUs<iH,tdrr, I. 4S 
For when ^r wpiieth alrehtMt 
*or te hftvero iinr resi. 

Tliat standrtJi vpt sm n p • 
It »-M luit heied alderh'.'i 

i>ktltom, ii, I 
^aire»/. The faireat of all. 

?'!i5'"'? ?"* •'■'^^ ""« ^»»« »»cnde. 
in tbe althet/airrst %nf. 

Floris and BlatuhJIoh 
-firtt. The first of all. 

T}»o aiUrfnrat Ijp unrltiriitfKlp 
Tiiat he was n-Jit k^ n.-i, i,',xl. 

-formeai. The first of all. 

For thnr tliai make »Mnl.l;,i,! f:,ircst 

'hiffhett. Highest of all. 
And aUerkigkfat tooke astronomye 

LydijaUt Minor P., p. H 

-Awf. Last of all. 

Aiid a«<.W«<. how he in hi« ritc« 
was by the sonoe shivnr of Toolom^. 

JSochai, b. V, c. 4, 
Hor own lorde, aUherJajt^ 
Tlic venom oat of hvs hedd bratte. 

FUirence (^ Bitme, 21 U. 

-fe*/. Lcaatofall. 

I^ve, nyenst the whiche who to defi-ndith 
Hiflucivm mosie, liim aldirUtt Hvn,i,.,i, 

Xroitiu wm( Or., i, fibs. 

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Tliat of the alihsrUtte woande 
Were a itcde brouht to grondc 

MtoMilak, 1978. 

4irfe$i. Dearest of all. 

mine aUtrlenst lorde,orbrotliir dere. 

Trail, and Cr., iii, S40. 
An instance has been given in 
which this compound appears in 
the comparative degree. 
An €Uer-Uef«r iwaine I wccne. 
In the barge there was not teene. 
OMer qfCmUerb., 1606, lig. B, U. 

4owe»U Lowest of all. 
/H^w, aldyrlowert. 

Bcliq, JfUiq^ i, 7. 

-mtw/. Greatest of all. 

But dldiriMtt ia hoiionr out of doate. 

TrviL and Cret., i, 163. 
To wraththe the God and paien the fend 
hit MTTeth aiUrmott. 

Pol. Songs, p. SS6. 
The flour of chyvalarie now have j lost, 
In wham j tnut to miremoft. 

Jeiu wil the help in haste i 
Thi miechcfe ee now aUkernuute, 

Setm Sa^ct (Wgier), 8669. 

.nor/. Nearest of all; next of 
The Satepday «i<**ni«rte •ewyng. 

Lydffot,, Min, P., p. SO. 

'truest. Truest of all. 
First, Engliih king, I humbly do request. 
That by your meane our princess may unite 
Her lore unto mine alderiruett lore. 

Qretn^t Works, ii, 166. 

.wort/. Worst of alL 
Ye don ons aldenosrst to ipede* 
When that we han mest nede. 

Gy <^ Warmks, p. 188. 
Hon, thou havest wicked fon. 
The sirs-worst is that on. 

Xyric Fostry, p. 104. 

•wiffM/. The wisest of all. 

For alMrv^ist han therwith ben plesed. 
TroU. and Crss^ i, 347. 

Aldib&kab, 1 «• An alder 
ALDY&-KTR, V plantation in a 

ALDSR-CABRBt J moist, boggj 

place ; explained in the Prompt, 
Parv. by locui ubi ahi et talet 
arboret eretcunt. See Car, 
Aldbbumos, ff. A kind offish, said 

48 ALE 

to be betwixt a trout and a 
Aldbrmanrt, ». A government 
by aldermen. 

The government of Stamford was, long 
before their written charter, held and 
used amongst thrmselvea by an ancient 
prescription, which was eaUed the 
aldsrmnnfy of the guUd. 

BnUher's Stafford, 1717. p. 16. 

Aldbrmkk,«. (i^.-5.) Men of rank 
and dignity above the rest. 

ALDBfcNB, 9. {A.'S.) The elder 

Aldo, con/. Although. £»/. 

Ald&bss, *. {A.-S.) The wife of 
an alderman. The word occurs 
on a brass plate in the church of 
St. Stephen, Norwich, given by 
Blomefield, Hiat, Narw., 1739, 
vol. ii, p. 595. 

Here ly buried Mieatrease Maud Heade, 

Sometyme an Aldrsss, but now am deade. 

Anno MCCCCX)LX and Seaven, 

The XIU Day of April, then 

My Lyf 1 leafte, as must all Men, 

My Body yelding to Christen Dust. 

My Soule to God the faithAtll and Just 

Aldrian, 9. A star on the neck of 
thelion. Chaucer. 

Ais^,9.{A,'S.) (1) A rural festival 
«<At wakes and ales.'* Ben Jtm- 
ton* 9 Tale qfa J\tb,proi. 

(2) An ale-house. 
0, l^im, that we were now at Putney, at 

the aU there. 

l%om. Lord CromsosU, iii, 1. 

(3) AIL 

(4) Also. 
Albbbrbt, 9. A beverage made 

by boiling ale with spice and 
sugar, and sops of bread. 
Albccioun, 9, An election. 

Besechyng yon therfore to help to the 

restguacion therof, and the kvnges lettn 

to the byshop of Lincoln for t he oiseeion. 

Monastic Lsttsrs, p. S4a 

A1.BCIB, ff. Dmnkenneu caused by 

If he had arrested a mare instead of a 
horse, it had beene a sUgbt oversigh:; 
but to arrest a man. that hiith no 
nesse of a horse, is flat lunasie, or idseis. 
Jflf*s Motksr McmUs. 

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ALScosnmu «. "An officer ap- 
pMBted in evcrjcoait-Iect to look 
to the MBse uid goodness of 
hnad, ate, and beer." Ker$ef, 
It if said of Captain Coi, of 
Coventry, that be was 

OrvoygiaiCTcdKie and tiugt iu tlie 
ton heer, for ke Itti beem chcneB mU^ 
nmmu mmaj • yeer, when his betten 
taffBitoBibr; aad ever quitted hinacir 
vith ittcb otinataoD, u yet« too tatt of 
»CB^ «r Bipyitate, hit JadgeBOit vill 
be taken above tke beat ia the pariah, 
^ ba aeBa Mar ao read. 

la lome panahes, the afaeomMf^t 
jariiAction wna Tery extensive. 

AuEcon, «. Costmary; an herb 
vbidi waa frequently pnt into 
sie, being an aromatic bitter, 
sun nsed in the North. 

ALicriTB, a. {Lmi.) An attraction ; 

Thoe ii BO better mkdht to nobla 
vittea, tbea to endnra tbea in a eon- 
kacjrvB with tkcir inferiofur ooapa- 

Sir Tk». mgoei Omrmmr, p. 16. 

Aixcnm, adv. To wit. .fi^/. 
Aun, \pttri, jr. Allayed; sop- 
4J.SID, J preaaed ; abolished. 

ALBDOBXBirr, a. (jL'N,) Sase; 

ALs-DmApsn, «. A keeper of an 

ntrakiatbai,1etearabe , 

Tfe braal iboald veigh aa it ia rated here. 
B«i«bjaha«Id bakcn be to atrietly aa'd, 
Afld tbe tU-irm^en fireqoently exeoa'd 
Ibeyical IB seek and Urath, and tea 

IWir ibart Uf piala by wbicb they get 

^tkeir traaue : 

Woe aO ihey piUofy'd tkit do trade tUa 

^«ntt tike up a very buy day. 



On the lee. 

Bst vbia asproadunc Sidl ooaat the winde 

thee (artb doth blov, 
^ tibt Pdoraa crooked itnitcs begin 

"^ ' itoahoWf 

Than left baad had. and left hand tea. 

with eompaa looc wt. 
Fetch oat akxtfe frooi lands and i«s oa 

right hand, tee thoa flea. 

PAaif** FiffyiA 1600. 

ALBsa, f. Aloe trees. 

Of alia aaaer of trees. 

fitting Bimiii, 

Als-fbast. a mral festival. The 
WhiUQB ales are common in 
Oxfordshire, and are oondocted 
in the following manner : Two 
persons are chosen, previously 
to tbe meeting, to be lord and 
lady of the ale, who dress aa 
Buiubly as they can to the cha- 
racters they assume. A large 
empty bam, or some such build- 
ing, is provided for tbe lord's 
hall, and fitted up with seats to 
accommodate the company. 
Here they assemble to dance and 
regale in the best manner their 
drcumstanoes and the place will 
afford; and each young fellow 
treats his girl with a riband 
or favour. The lord and lady 
honour the hall with their pre- 
sence, attended by the steward, 
sword-bearer, purse-bearer, and 
mace-bearer, with their several 
badges or ensigns of office. They 
have likewise a train-bearer or 
page, and a fool or jester, drest 
in a psrty-coloured jacket, whose 
ribaldry and gesticulation cootri^ 
bote not a little to the entertain- 
ment of some part of the com- 
pany. The lord's music, consist- 
ing of a pipe and tabor, is em- 
ployed to conduct the dance. 

Ai.arr, (1) part p. Lifted up. 
(2) adv. On the left hand. 

Alboab, t, {ak-aigrt.) Sour ale, 
used aa vinegar in Cumberland. 
According to Mr. Hunter, it is 
ale or beer which has passed 
through the acetous fermenta- 
tion, and is nsed in Yorkshire ss 
a cheap substitute for vinegar. 

d by Google 




Mr. Clive, in his MS, Stafford' 
§Hr€ Glouary, callt it "a fine 
add liqaor/' Skinner girea it aa 
a Lincolnshire word, and it is 
•till in use in that county. In 
Westmoreland the word is pro- 
nounced aUekar. 

A lieeoce was granted, 1696. by the 
queens patentee, to Mr. Francis Ander- 
•00 to hare the sole brewing of ale 
and beer, for makinj; beer, vinegar. 
hetrtufer and aUgar within that town, 
and ita liberties. 

Brand^i Hist, qf NeweoHle. 

ALVooBjItr. (A.-y. dleger.) (1) To 
ALB6B, jalleviate. 

The joTOQs time now nig heth fast. 

That shall aUgg* this bitter blast. 

And slake tne winter sorrow. 


But if thei have some privilqEe, 
That of the paiiie hem woll aiege. 


(2) To allege. 

They wole aleggm also, quod I. 
And by the Gospel preven. 

Pun PhuglkmaH, p. 807. 

Albobancb,«. {A,'N,) Alleviation. 
** AUegyaneCt or softynge of dys- 

. ese, alleviaeio" Prompt, Parv. 

Albger, adf, {Fr.) Gay ; joyfuL 

Albhoove, s. Ground ivy; for- 
merly used in the making of ale. 

Albiche. adj. Alike ; equally. 

Ale-in-cornes, 9. New ale. Hu' 
heVt Abcedarittm, 1552. 

Aleis. (1) Alasl North. 

(2) 9. Alleys. 

(3) 8, Aloes. Chaucer. 
Aleived, part, p. Alleviated ; re- 
lieved. Surrey, 

ALEKNioBTft. A frequenter of ale- 
houses. *' A common haunter of 
alehouses, or vittayling houses, 
an aleknight, a tipler." Baret'9 
Ahearie, 1580. 

Albndb, prei. t, of alande. 

Alenob, adj. Grievous. See Alange. 

Ahi&ovD^adv, By land. Ste Aland, 

Alb-polb, 9. Another name fbr 
what was more usually called an 

Another branght her bedet 

Of jetorof ooie, 

To offer to the aU-fcU. SMiom. 

Alb-post, t. A maypole. We9t. 

Albsb, v. {A.'S. aly9ttn.) To loose ; 
to free. 

Alb-shot, «. The keeping of an ale- 
house within a forest by an officer 
of the same. PhiUip9, 

Alb-silvbr. a rent or tribute 
yearly paid to the Lord Mayor 
of London by those that sell ale 
within the dty. Mentioned in 
Miege, 1687. 

Alb-stake, 9. A stake set up at 
the door of an alehouse, for 
a sign. Palsgrave, f. 17, trans- 
lates it by "le may d'une ta- 
Tcrne." It appears that a bush 
was frequently placed at the top 
of theale-stake. 

He and I never dranke togyder. 
Yet I knowe manv an aU^ake. 

Bawkint'g Old Play*, i. 109. 

Bat, ftrst. quoth ha. here at this uU-kou»e' 

1 will bothe drinke. and etin of a cake. 

CkoMCWt Urry, p. ISl. 
And with his wynnynges he makith his 

At the aU^takiSt sittyng ageyn the mone. 
— not set like an uU-stake 
Prondlle to brag yourselves and bring fijes 
in brake. 

Ssywoodfs Spider and lUs, 1&&6. 
— thebeare 
He plaies with men, who (like doggs) feele 

his force. 
That at the aU-staks baite him not with 
been. Jkanss, Seourys qf Folly, 1611. 

Albstalder, 9, A stallion. Ett9i 

Albstan-bearbr, 9, A pot-boy. 

Higin9*9 Nomeueiator. 
Albstond, 9. The ale-house. 
Ale-stool, 9. The stool on which 

casks of ale or beer are placed in 

the cellar. Ea9t. 
Albt, 9, (1) A kind of hawk. 

d by Google 





(2) An ailette, or maa plate of 
•ted, voro <m the shoulder. 
M^rie Jrtkmre. 

{3) part. p. Canred, aiipUed to 
partridga and pheasants. 

Au-TASTBA, a. Aecordiay to Co- 
well, an oAcer appointed in a 
caort ket, and sworn to look to 
the assixe, and the goodncaa of 
bread and ale within the pre- 
dncu of the lordship. See C»- 
iM0'« Interpreter, 1658. 

Albtsk. Eleven. 



Tet «d tte not iMneat with loads eUw, 

Ai vomett mrmt, Irat with deqM tiffhes 

ad nngolft few. Iktrie Qhmm, V, tL 

Alb-wifb, «. A woman who keeps 

sa sle-hoose. 
AiaxAMOBB, a. (J^N,) The name 

of a phuit, grot parsley. 
Alizaxder's-foot, a. The plant 

pelliUMT. Skmner. 
AiKZAirDnnr, adf, Goth or em- 

bnideiyof sorae kind, bronght 

from Alexandria. 
Alitb, a. {A^'Nl) An alley. 

TUt in tt «l(f» bad a mivM plaee. 

CkametrtCemL T. 

Alsth, oda. Alone. 

Aijnm,o. {jL'N.} To alienate. 

la flus tl»T dyde ejthar fdle or «(4yiM 
thenme or tmjpuU therof, that tho 
aae Edwaide timlde have jt before 
uy other nan. JfaM««<wXrMnv,i».86. 
Aad leyde OB heBlordachipe,alnnM appOB 
oilur. J)tfmtiomitf£3tmiJJ,^.U. 

Alv, a. (^.&) An elf ; a deiiL 

Alvabbz, la. (^pemuk,) An en- 

ALTBaBs, / sign. The word was 

in use in onr army daring the 

OTil wsrs of Charles I. 

Aid then joar tbaroagliftTC» Jog here, hit 

Ganneoded to sie from eoDie noble Meadi 

foemfMlftm. B. mid FL Bait m W^ i, I. 

the hdiotrapevm or naflovvr, it It 

aid, is the tme rnl/lmt, hcaiiaff vp 

the itnidard of flora. 


AL-VATOimrR, a. AtermappBed 
to a faahion of wearing the hair. 
dl/mfomriUt, a tori of nodith loda 
hang daagiiBg oa the temples. 

ladu^ Jkctiammf, I6M1 

Alfvtnlt, edbr. Slothfnlly ; slag- 
gishly. Prempt, Pmn, 

AiSaiDABiA, a. An aatrdlogieal 
term, explained by Kenejr to sig- 
nify *' a temporary power which 
the planeta have over the liii of 


' la. (1) Th 

The bishop 
of chess. 

ini find the eaip SBda^^derla. 
▲ad kaov what pkaet is in eeiuaL 



The miykyns ought to be 
fonaed in maaaer of jadices silting in a 
ehair, with • book open before their 
eyes; and that is bcraase that soma 
erases he eriBuaal. sad some civil. 

Cmstom, Gamt of Oesi. 

r2)a. (if..&) A lubberly feUow 
(equivslent to ehiek); a slug* 

Now eertci, tais tyr Wawayas^ 

If yche woo dy re have I 

That syche aa •Ifymt as thow 

Due apeka sycha woides. 


Ai«AS0T, a. A chemical prepara- 
tion, made of batter of antimony, 
diluted in warm water, till it torn 
to a white powder. 

ALoI^ fpi«/t.)Always;every 
ALOATsa, J ^y. by aU means. 
Stin used in the North. 

80 eatiiely me mereth, that I mwt 
«4n^ reoorde the seme^ and thenia ha 
no flatterer. 

Aikmo^i Thmtr. CX«n., p. 100. 
AH mercOes he wiU that it be dos^ 
That we •IgmU ihall dye both two. 

dl§mU hy slei^te er hy Tioleaea 
fro yer to yer I wynae mydespeaea. 

CAaMMT. a T.,70U 
Also that the said Katherine shsU taka 
aad bsTO dower ia oar realm of Bagtead. 
ef Eagland hithenrard 

(hitherto) were woat to take aad haTS. 
That ia to say. to thesam of forty tlioa^ 
iaad crowns by the year, of the whieh 

d by Google 


twain al^et ihall be worth t noble, 
Ensluh money. 

Letter (ffTing Eenry F. 1480. 

And therefore would I thoold be oigaUe 

For while I live his 


zichi ii in laepense. 
Fakrf. r., iv, 80. 

ALOATB-HOLE.t. A Small recess in 
the wall within the chimney near 
the fire, in which is deposited the 
tinder-box, matches, brushes, &c. 
Sometimes it is the receptacle for 
salTcs, ointments, and other such 
articles. Noff. 

Aloe, adv, (A.-S.) Altogether. 

Alosrb, «. {A.'S.) A spear used 
in fishing. 

Algid, adj, (Lai.) Cold. 

Aloifs, eonj. Although ; literally, 
all if. 

Aloific, adj. (Lat.) Making cold. 

Aloosb, a^\ Very cold. 

Alorade, t. A kind of Spanish 
wine, mentioned in the earlier 

Both olgrade^ and reipice eke. 

SqugrqfLowDegri, 766. 

* 1 «. (a contraction of 
"* f algorism.) Arithmetic. 

The name of this craft is in Latyn 
clfforeimtte, and in EnjrHs alffrim ; «ud it 
is namid off utffos, that is to say, craft, 
and rwKU, that is, nounbre; and for 
this skille it is called craft of nonnbringe. 
MS. quoted by HalUiceU. 

M ethonght nothing my state could more 

Than to beare name, and in effect to be 
A cypher in cUonM, as all men might see. 
Mirr. for Mag., p. 93S. 
Than satte inmme, as siphre doth in 
Depoeit, ofl^. II, p, 99. 



Al-hal-dat, 1 9. All-hallows 

ALHALWB-ME88E, V day, the 1st 
alhalwen-tyd, J of November. 
Alhidadb, t. An astrological term. 
A rule on the back of the as- 
trolabe, to measure heights, 
breadths, and depths. 
AuANT,«. An alien. Rider, 
Alicant, 9, A Spanish wine, for- 


merly much esteemed; said to 
be made near Alicant, in Valencia, 
and of mulberries. 
You'll blood three potUes QfJUcamt^ by 
this light, if yon follow them. 

* O. PK iii. S6«. 

Your brats, got out of JticmU. 

B. mi Fi^ Chanceg, i. 9. 

t. e., "your children, the oonae- 
quence of drunkenness." 
Alie, v. (A.-S.) To anoint. 
Alien, v. {A.-S.) To alienate. 
A-LiFE, adv. As my life; exces- 

I love a ballad in print orUfe. 

Thou lov'st a-life 
Thehr perfum'd judgement. 

A clean instep. 
And that I love a-Ufe. 


Alive, V. To allow. Skitmer, 
Alicant, t. Wine of Alicant. 
Alioob, v. {A.'S.) To lie down. 
Aliohte, v. {A.'S.) (1) To light; 
to descend ; to pitch. 
(2) To light; to kindle. Surrey. 
Alynb, v. {A.'N.) To anoint (?). 
The children atte cherche dore 

So beth y-primisined ; 
And that hi beethe eke atte fount 
liid oylle and creyme aljfned. 

W. it Shorehm. 

Alimentary, *. (Lat) " An aitf- 
meniarie" says Minsheu, " is he 
to whom a man giveth his meat 
and drinke by his last will." 
Alinlaz, «. An anlace. This sin- 
gular form occurs in the Romance 
qfHopehk, 2564. 
Alirt, adv. (A.'S.) Acroas. 
Somme leide hir legges aiirjff 
As swiche losels konneth. 

Piers Ft., p. IH. 

Alibattndrb, *. (A.'N.) The herb 

With alisavnire thare-to, ache ant anra. 
Lgrie Poetry, p. S6. 

Alisb,9. (A.'S. alyifon,) To release. 
Ai»9edne9»t releasing, ransom, re- 
demption. "Ac aljf9 us from yfle." 

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OU Trtmdatiom of ike LordTg 

^rmffer, m Camd. Bern., p. 24. 
AuwATS, 9. Aloes. Lineobuk, 
Ai.KAnui6T, «; The plant peni- 

oria. Prompt. Pan. 
Ax.KA37Kr, «. The wild bag^. 

Gsiiiu a. 
AxKAVz, «. Tin. HoweiL 
Ai^mm. A liroad farm of ilk ; each. 
Ai.KXKE3ro, a. Thewinter^herry. 
AjLKDf AMTX, 9. Alcheoy. 

ExperiiMBU of cttnunyf 
The pe|»fe to dccgrre. 

Alxxb, #. A sort of custard. 
For to mke m a£br. T^k fieyt, and 
nrmmm, and do awey the kernelia, imd 
a god party of applrs, and do awf y the 
parynfT cf the applis and the kernelia, 
and bray hem wei in a morter : and 
temper hem op with alnunde mylk, and 
meo^e hem wyth llowr of rya, that yt 
be vel ehanaoat. and strew thernpon 
powder of galyngale, and nene yt forth. 
Cilery BeceipU, 1381. 

Alkb, #. All elk. 

Aa far the plowinf with urea, which I 
anppoae to be unlikelie, because ihey 
■TB in mine opinion untameable, and 
tfiicr, a thing conmoniie naed in the 

MarriMm. Deter. cfEngUuid, p. 226. 

A1.KTMI8TRB, #. An alchemist. 

Aix, 4uh.(ji.^S.) (1) Although; 

And tiMMe two ftowud listen, their faire 

Caiae with them eke, oU they were won- 

Spemt^t Eurie queens, U, ii, S4. 

(2) Entirely. A common pro- 

And ace, yon workbonae, on that Tillage 

Where Inubands, cU without their vires* 


Foetrj oUriMed to Wkiley, 184S. 

(3) '* For all" is a common ex- 
pression, meaning **in spite of," 
and is constantly used by country 

53 AIX 

(4) <' All that," until that Tyiw 
JUtamOer, 2145. 

(5) "For good tad all," CD- 
tirely. North. 

(6) Bach. Prompt. Pan. 

(7) Ja and oome. One and aH; 
every one ; etery thing; entirely. 

Thoa who wilt not love do this. 
Learn of ne what woman it • 
Something made of thread and thnoBBa^ 
A mere botch of ail and some. 

Herriek, p. 8. 

In armour eke the aonldim aU and tome. 

With all the force tliat miKht ao moo be had. 

Mimmrfor Magistrmtee, p. 91. 

We are bctrayd and y-nome I 

Hone and hanM>aa, lorda. eJl and eome t 

Bukard Coerde Lion, 22M. 

(8) This word is frequently, in 
popoUr language, joined with 
others toform an adverbial phrase, 
aa in the following examples: 
alUa-Mtt, All in pieces (iVorM.); 
aU^bout, ** To fsei ail about in 
one's head," to become lighu 
headed (Herrfordih); "That'a 
all about it," that is the whole 
of the matter ; ail-abroad, squeez- 
ed quite flat {Somer9€t)\ alUa- 
hoh, all on one side (ffiV/t.); 
alLaiong, constantly, **alL.along 
of," or **all^loHff on," owing to; 
aU-^oHOH^, mingled, as when two 
flocks of sheep are driven to- 
gether (Wilii.); allMt'is, **all 
Of it to me is this," all I have 

to say about it (Herefordih.); 
alLa-tauni-Ot fully rigged, with 
masts, yards, dtc. (a sea term; ; 
alUt'eaoe, gently, quietly (/fo- 
rtford»h.)\ a/^t.^t,allinpiecea 
{North.') ; all^^-a-eharm, talking 
aloud {mit$.); alLin-aU, every- 
thing, all m all with, very inti- 
mate or familiar with ; aU-in-a^ 
muggle, all in a litter (Wiit9.) ; 
all-in-one, at the same time; 
alLof-a-huffh, all on one side 
{Suffblh) ; all-OH-endt eager, im- 
patient (Somert€t)i oU-out, en- 
tirely, quite, to drink ail out. 





medofacaroose; aU-to-nought, 
oompletely ; aSUtO'tmafh^ •mash- 
ed to pieces ; MU-tgfere^ altogether. 
Allans, adj. Alo&e. 
All AT, V, {A,'N,) (1) To mix, to 

put water to wine. 
The relvet breeches for him anntwered. 
And for itrength of hie drinke excused 
For he •Uay^i them, hoth white and red, 
And oft with water made them imall 
and thinue. 
IMate between Pride and IoicItiMtt,p.59. 

(2) To aUay a pheasant, to cut or 
carve it up at table. Kertey, 

(3) t. The set of hoonds which 
were ahead after the beast was 
dislodged. A hunting term. 

Allatmbnt, «. That which has the 
power of allaying or abating the 
force of something else. 
All-bbdsnk, oAr. Forthwith. See 

ALL-BB.Taouoa,4itf9. Albeit. Sitn- 

Alle, (1) ad9. All (omfiino). 
(2)9, Ale. 
Ther was plenty of aUe 
To theym that were in halle. 

The Fee$t, it t. 

Allbblastbb, «. A not uncommon 
form of alabaster. 

In the chappell neact to the prioors 
Item \J. olde maaee bookei. 
Itm y. imageea of why te alleehlatter. 
Itm one dewe^one lakering bell. 

ifofMu/..iT, 643. 

Allbct, V. (la/.) To allure; to 
bring together ; to collect. 

Allbctation, t. (JLiU') An allure- 

Allbctitb, t. An attraction ; al- 

Allbctuart. An electuary, ^ikfftton. 

Allboatb, v. (£«/.) To allege. 

Why, belike he is some lunnagate, that will 

not show his name : 
Ah, why should I this Meaater he is of 

noble fame. TeeVt Worki, iii, p. 68. 

Allbob, 9. (i#..Al) To quote; to 


Allbobauncb,!. (1) Citatioii; the 
act of quoting. 
(2) Relief. 

Herof we habbcth tokene gode, 
Wanne we fangeth penannoe; 

For sennes that we habbeth i-done 
To pyne aUegaumee. 

IT. de Skonkitm. 

Allbobubnt, f. {A.'N.) An ease; 

Quod sche, ''Gere I schal the telle, 
Mercerye I have to seile; 
In boystes soote ovnementia 
Therewith to don tuUgementie 
To ffolkes wkiche be not {clade. 
The PyUffim, MS CotUm, Tib. d., riii. 

Allblttya, 9, The plant wood- 
sorrel. It is found in the index 
to Gerarer9 Herball, ed. 1633. 
^AUeluya, an herbe called wood- 
sorrell or cuckowes meat, which 
cuckowes delight in." J/ifwAeic'« 
Guide into Twguu, 1627. 

Allbmasb-day, «. Allumage-day, 
the day on which the Canterbury 
silk-weavers began to work hy 
candle-light. Kent. Gro9e, 

Allbn,«. Grassland recently broken 
up; unenclosed land that has beea 
tilled and left to run to feed for 
sheep. Suffolk, 

Allbb, (1) 9, {A.^S,) An alder- 
tree. A common form of the 
word in the Western counties. 
The alder tree, which is alsoe eallod an 
mUer-lne^ is named in Greek elethra, in 
Latin alnus, and in Dncbe ein Erlen- 
Turner'i Berbal, 1651. 

(2) yen. pi of aL Prefixed to 
adjective. SetAtder, 
Adam was oore tUler fader. 

Piers PL, p. 343. 

Allbbbvkt, 9, A plantation of 
alders. Devon, 

Allbb-float, 9, A species of large 
trout, frequenting the deep holes 
of retired and shady brooks, 
under the roots of the aller, or 
alder-tree ; also called the aiier* 
tromi. North, 

Allbrnbatch, «. A kind of botch 
or old sore. BtewwiT, 

ized by Google 




AuxBa,«. Ab acute kind of boO or 

CHbwide. xXevon* 
Aixsa, the gen. s. of «0 used ad- 

vertnaDy. Altogether ; alL 
TkB CmmtmM wwm Ma vzotb. ■» creto 

•takes tecat Mak.§Umt. 

Alu^ab, part, p. Lost. 


See MS. Uari.» 2391. quoted in 
HampMNi's KAleodarium, ii« 11. 

Allzts, a4r. Eleven. AUeunikt^ 

Auxr.t. (1) The oondotion of a 
game at foothaU, when the ball 
has paaaed the boandt. Yorkth, 
(2) A marble, for boyi' play. 

Allstb, v. To allege. 

ALL.rLowxK-wATsn,a. The urine 
of cows. Lame. 

Au^ronBS,a. A game at carda. A 
traditional epitaph describes an 
eathusiaat ; 

Here lici the body of ^H Foitn, 
Who •pent hit numey and pawned 

And if yoa viah to know his name^ 
Ii IS kigk^ loto. Jack, and gawu. 

Au-GOOD, a. The herb good Henry. 

Au.HALLOWV«8UlfMKB, «. A Ute 

All-hxal, a. The herb panaz. 

AU.-HID, a. A name, according to 
Karcs, for the game of hide-and- 
seek; but Cotgrave seems to 
make it aynonymoos with Hood- 

All-holland's-day,*. The Hamp- 
shire name for All Saints* (or 
All Hallows) Day, when plum- 
cakea are made and called Al 
Holland cakes. 

Ai.LHoo¥a, «. Groond ivy. Minsheu, 

AU.H08E, a. The herb horsehoof. 

Aluciatk, 0. (La/.) To attract. 

AixiciBNCT, t. Attraction. 

AixiEKT, a. An alley ; a passage in 

Alugavt. a eormption of ^itoan/, 
the name of a Spanish wine. 

Allioabta, a. (finoni Sptaiih !§• 
garto,) The alligator, or croco- 
dile. The urine of this creature 
was supposed to render any 
herb poiaonoua on which it was 

And who an teQ, if bdbrathe gathcriaf 
and Biakinf np thereof, the MUigmrU 
hath not piaa'd therconr 

Allikb, a. An ally. MUdklom, 
Allingb, \ad9,{A.*S.—Um9a,) 
ALLiNoaa, J Altogether ; totally. 

lor hire fiiirad and hire chers, 
Ich hire boaite allinge to dere. 

In that lond growen trees that beren 
mele, vherof men maken yode bred and 
white, and of gode ■aroor; and it 
aemcthe as it were of whele, bat it is 
not sitiaoM of sochc lavour. 

MamndtwiU, p. 189. 

All-in-thb-well. a game prac- 
tised at Newcastle. Boys make 
a circle about eight inches in 
diameter, termed the well, and 
place in the centre of it a 
wooden peg, four inches long, 
with a button balanced on the 
top. Buttons, marbles, or any- 
thing else, according to agree- 
ment, are given for the privilege 
of throwing a short stick at the 
peg. If the button fly out of 
the ring, the player is entitled 
to double the stipulated value of 
what he gives for the stick. The 
game is also practised at races, 
and other places of amusement, 
with three pegs, which are put 
into three circular holes, made in 
the ground, about two feet apart, 
and forming a triangle. In this 
case each hole contains a peg, 
about nine inches long, upon 
which are deposited either a small 
knife or some copper. 

Allison, a. The wood-rose. See 

All-mannsr-a-wot, a. Indiscri- 
minate abuse. St^ff^olk. 

Digitized by V^OOQ IC 


All-ov-a-row, 9. A child's game. 

Allolida, 8. The plant cockoo- 

Allonck. All of us. Somertet, 
AhLonEhY, adv. Exclusively. See 

Alloquy, «. (Lai.) The act of 

addressing a prrson. 
Allottbrt, f. An allotment. 

Allow me such ezerciaes u may become 
a gentleman, or £ire me the poor allol- 
tery my father letl me bv testament. 


A1.LOU8. All of US. Somenet. 
All-oybkish, adj. Neither sick 

nor well. Var. dial 
Allowance, f. Approbation. 

A etirring dwarf we do aUcwanee give 
Before a sleeping giant. 

Trmiua and Cuuida, % 8. 

Allowbd. Licensed. An " allowed 
fool." Skaketp., Twelfth Night, 
i, 5. " An allowed cart or cha- 
riot." HoUybaTuTe Diet., 1593. 

All.plai8tbr,«. Alablaster. Yorks. 

Alls,«. Earnest money. Abr/A. See 

All-bales, adv. (A.^S. from e<Bl, 
a time.) At all tiroes. Shtfolh. 

All-sebd, t. The orach. SAinner. 

All.8ebb« «. One who sees every- 

All-si DBS. Every one. South. 

All-thb-birds- ^ Two names of 
iN-THB-AiR, I games pecu- 

All-thb-pisrbs- f liar to Suf- 
in-the-sea, J folk. 

All-tre- world-over, adv. On 
every occasion. This common 
familiar phrase is ancient, being 
found in Brome's Queen and 
Concubine, 1659, p. 96. 

Allubescency, 9. (Lat.) Willing- 
ness ; facility in yielding. 

Allusively, adv. (Lat.) With al- 
lusion to something. 
I thought him also in the late times a 
little too nice, and tender of hia credit; 

56 ALM 

and somewhat too nrofose of his Togfrl 
and rhetorick; wno being to preacli 
upon that of the Acts; Silrer and guld 
have I none, but such as I have give J 
thee : 'Whenever he liad named his text, 
desired the people, in all hast, to take 
the words not btterally, but aUusimely, 
for that he had good store of moucy 
chinking in his pockets ; besides what 
he left at home in his coffers. 

Baekar^a ObterMituns, 1071, p. 63. 

Alluterlt, adv. Altogether ; 

Alluvion, t. (Lat.) A washing 

All-waters. "I am for aUwa^ 
ten," i. e., I can turn my hand 
to anything. Shakeep, 

Ally, 9. The aisle of a church. 
Var. dial 

Almain, 1 

ALEMAiNi l». (I) AGennan. 
(2) A kind of solemn music. It 
was also the name of several 
dances, the new allemaigne, the 
old, the queen's allemaigne, all of 
which are mentioned in early 
books of dance tunes. 

Almain-lbap, 9. In dancing, a 
kind of jig. 

Skip with a rhyme on the table from New- 

And take his almmn-Uao into a custard. 

Jotuon, DtvU is oa Jsa, i, 1. 

Almain-quarrbl, 9. A causeless, 
unnecessary quarrel. 
D. John. I met before Don Ferdinand's 
house a serving mitn wlio thrusts me, by 
design, upon an almaiH-guarrel. 
Tod. That's very true, but somewliat 
unwillingly, like a oownrd as he is. 

Jktttetumi, Tke Atan't the Muslrr. 

Almain-rivets, 9. Moveable ri« 
▼eU. The term was applied to 
a light kind of armour, used 
originally in Germany. 

Almainy, 1 
ALMANT, It. Germany. 


I'll cry flounders else. 

And walk, with my petticoat tuck'd np, int- 
A long maid of Mmmny. 0. P., viu, 4SS;. 

d by boogie 



ITov Mko eoBCi, ffait to te Vralkcr «▼• 
Hii bad in luly, vkkk vmwA ■Ball. 
Aai dwdt in Jlmmg. 

BaniMfMt Jbiatto, ISn, p. 19. 

Upon tke Joule of JbMyM. 
Alkak, «. A kind of bawk. 
AlmjlXdikk, ttf;. Made of almond. 
AiMANDRK, t. All almond-tree. 
And of dbfliifu grele plenty 
Kfldi, od mamj a date ire. 


kiMhxsm, 9. (J.'N.) A cupboard; 
apantiy. See^m^rie. 
TlMT twice batk ciiMrMf, 
Aid VTCB bomidcn cofrcs. 

Fun PL, p. 888. 

AucABioL, a. (if.-iV:) Ack)aet,or 
etipboard,in whicb the ecclesias- 
tical babiu were kept 
AuiATOum, 8, An almoner. 
After liim tpak Dalinada«, 
A nehe almatomr he vas. 

Kyng JUMnmdtr, 8048. 

Am, 9. An elm. Nortkampt. 
Almen, made of elm. 

Almess,!.^ Alms. Ea$tSiu9ex, 

AuiBs-DisH, t. Tbe dtsb in the 
old baroDial ball, in which was 
pot the bread set aside for the 

Alhxstdl, a^. Charitable. 

Almks-eow, *. A row of houses 
inhabited by paupers. 
Alto wbenne eny pow ■»*■ * wommaa 
it ded in the atmyt-rewe, the leyd prytta 
to be redy to brynge the cootb to 
drardw, aod there to abyde til fait be 
boryed. Stntltford MSS., tern. H. VJ, 

Almissk, a. (A^N.) Alms. 
AucisT, ad». Almost. 

Aid aa he priked North and Ert. 
1 td it yov bym had mbme$t 
Bityd a lory care. 

cUuer, 2Ur efSirt Thopn. 

Alxicaivtaratb, a. An astrologi- 
cal term, applied to a circle drawn 
parallel to the horizon. 

Veanvbik, vith anorerieal iastrnmeBt, 
By mn of ^ym*^'* and ahmicaniantk. 

Alm ODZA, a. An alchemiod term for 

ALMOiTD-Fom-A-rAnROT. Some tri- 
fle to amuse a silly perMu. A 
proYerbial dpreasion, which oc- 
curs in Skelton and the writen 
of the Elizabethan age. 

ALMOMiKBUTTma, f. Tbe following 
ia given aa a receipt " to make 
BlaBch yow ahMnda. aad bcaft then as 
tne aa voQ raa with fair vater two or 
three hbnra, thca atcain thcathrovgh a 
linncB cloth, boil them vith rate-waicr. 
whole atace. and anniie tecda. UU the 
avbataacc be thick, aprcad it upon a fair 
doth, draining the whey from it, after 
let it hang in the tame doth anoae few 
hoora, then ttrain it and aeaaon it with 
Toae-water and tngar. 

3Vm G«mtlewowmm'» Jkhgki, IfFit. 

Ai.icoia>-cusTAU>, a. Was made 
as follows : 

Tkke two ponnd of alBonda, Unnch aad 
heat them very fine with roaewater, 
then atnun them witb aome two qoarta 
ot cream, twenty wfaitea of efga, and a 
pound of dooble refined aogur ; mako 
the paste aa aCoretaid. and bake it in a 
Kildoven fine and white, garniah it aa 
helore, and terape fine angar o? er ail. 
Tki ^^Mm'« Bofu^ Cooktry, 1713. 

ALMOWD-FUaNACB,». At the sil^CT 
mills in Cardiganshire, they have, 
or had, a particular furnace in 
which they melt the slags, or 
refuseof the litharge not sUroped, 
with charcoal only, which they 
call tbe almoMfyiiriiace. Kenmett. 

Almond-mile, a. Almonds ground 
and mixed with milk, broth, or 

The deril take me. 1 lore yon ao, that I 
ooold be content to abjure wine for 
ever, and drink nothing but alwumd- 
arif* lor your take. 

Skadwdl, Efmm^Wetti, 1973. 

ALMONmaaYB, «. The almonry. 
Almosb, a. pL Alms. 
ALMOTN,a./?l.(if.-Ar.) Alms. 
Alms-drink, a. Liquor of anothers 

share which his companion drinka 

to ease him. Shakwap. 
Almsman, t. A person who lives 

on alms; also, a charitable per- 

d by Google 

ALM 58 

Ajlmuet, 9. The upright part of 

an astrolabe. 
Almusles, adj. Without alms. 
For thef is reve, the load is penyles; 
For pride hath aJere, the loud i<i almmle*. 
Pol. Songs, p. 255. 
Almtttb, 9, A governing planet. 

An astrological term. 

EmuiiKnly, ere his popular applause 
dliatch'-- ' ' 


could hMtch his ruine, upon conference 
with a witch that hee saw (by the almu- 
Im of his nativity) short life attended 

with a witch that hee saw (by the almu- 
Im of his nativity) short life attendcf 
him, growes fearful! of his syres iucon 

sUncy. Herierfs TrmeU, 1638. 

Without a sign masculine P Dem. Sir, you 

mistake me : 
You are not yet initiate. The almuteg 
or the ascendent is not elevated 
Above the almulet of the filial house : 
Venus is free, and Jove not yet combust. 
Bandolpk's Jealous Lotters, 16i6. 

Almitluent, 9. {Lot,) Beneficent ; 
abounding in alms. 

Almyoht, adj. A not uncommon 
form of almighty. 

Alnath, t. The first star in the 
horns of Aries, from which the 
first mansion of the moon is 
named. Chaucer, 

Alnbobok, 9, One of the king's 
officers, says Cowell, ivho under- 
took the care of the assize of 
woolen cloth. Rider, in his 
Dictionaries 1640, explains it by 
the Latin word ** uluiger.'' 

Alnbr, 9. (A.'N.) A purse, or bag 
to bold money. 
I wvll the yeve an «liMr, 
I-niad of sylk and of gold eler, 
Wyth fayre ymages thre. 

Alnbwat, adv. (A.'S.) Always. 

And therby hcth he aUieway the herte 

ine peyse, and the body govemeth by 

thewylleofGod. ' 

AytnHie o/Imrit, MS, Jtundd, 67. f. 95. 

AiifiL, adv. And only. (?) 

Sertis, sire, not ic nojt; 
Ic ete sage alnd gras, 
More barm ne did ic no^ 

Pol, Songs, p. 201. 

Aloes, «. An olio, or savoury dish, 

composed of meat, herbs, eggs, 

and other ingredients, something 

similar to the modem dish o 

olives. See the Good Hotue 

fD\fe*9 Jewel, 1596. 
Alofb,!^. {A.'N.) To praise. Mart 

Arthure, ^ttAUnoe. 
A-LOFTE, adv. (A.'S.) On high. 

Leve thow nevere that yon light 

Hem alofts btynge, 

Ve have hem out of belle. 

iS«r»«.,p. 876 

AxooE, V. (A.'S.) To lodge ; t< 

pitch a tent. 
I am aloffffit, thought he, best, bowBocv); 

It goon. ChoMcer, ed. Uny, p. 597 

Alooh, adv. (A.-S.) Below. 

Lewed men many tymes 
Maisires thei apposen, 
Why Adam ne bUed noght first 
His mouth that eet the appul. 
Bather than his likame alMk. 

Purs PL, p. ^a 

Aloot, *. (Gr. dXoyia.) Ad ab- 

Alomba, 9. Tin. Howett. 
Alond, adv. On land. 

Ah, the mansing is so ihroded. 
Thah no preost alcndf nere, 
A wrecche neothrles thu were. 

OkI €md NiglUingaU, L 1301. 

And taketh his leave, and homeward aaileth 

And in an ile, amidde the wilde see. 
He made his shippe alond for to sette' 

Chaucer, Leg. Qood Women, L 2164. 

Alone, adj. {A,-S.) One; single. 

Now, Jeshu, for thy holy name, 
Aso 1 ame but man aione, 
Tlian be mv helpe to nyght 

Torrent qf Portngisl^ p. jjg, 

Alonelt, "^ 

ALL-ONELY, I , / ^ « x ^ 
ALL.ONB, 'H«'-(^.-5.) Only. 

alone, J 

He made his mono 
Within a garden al him one. 

Oower, f. 26 
But he hathe lost aUe but Grece; and 
that loud he holt aZ20^i«. * ^^ 

Mimndente, p, g. 
Vigenius, or Nlgenfus, was not kins, 
but edmulf Peiedurus. ^ 

FahiM*s Ckrom.^ C Si. 





•oiptdfc. afftjoethe kote coUege o( tiw 

Tor tkt wtQ mUomdf m de«dlT fTmne. 
hmmmkem (fa CkrisUm MmtL, p. 111. 
Wfaenof fnpwtting nniij thiofiX »y 

jr«nur'« .i»ia»'« tm^l^U, IS03. 

Aloof, odb- Nearer tbe wind. A 
sea term. See Hoater's Ditqui^ 
ntiom om the Tnipet/, p. 46. 

Auovc, (I) ad9. SUnting. Ox- 

(2) prep. Owing to. tar, diaL 
It is found in Chaucer. 
Alokoe, e. (J.'S.} To long for. 
Pitn Phvffkman^ p. 526. 

Tlds vorihy Jawm wre ahmgttk 
16 w the itimann RsionM. 

Onwr, ir5. &c. .^ii/tf ., f. 147. 

Au>2rG8T, pr^. Along; len|th- 
wine. Somenei. It is found in 
the Elizabethan writert. 

A1.00UCE, adt. (A form said to be 
derived from tbe leUndie.) Awry; 
out of order. 

His heed in diappe as by nstnretirorke, 
Not one haxre amisse. or lyeth ahorke. 
MS, lanU., SOS, f. 4. 

Aix)RTMO» #. (-rf.-^.) A partpet 

wall. A form of ahare. 
Aio»K, ©. (1) (^.-iNT.atowr.) To 

praise; to commend. 

TheK u. fainhoppes tofare that tyme 

t the most aloMed biashoppea among 

Xo». 6£oM.,p.460,iM/tf. 

To loose ; to make 


(2) (^&) 

ku^^.fmrt.p. Lost A. Somer- 
setshire word. 
WbcaaUEBghmdiaeiMf. MS.j0mu. 

kunfkws, V, (J,-S.) To become 

Kei BOB M hot that hit na eoleth, 
Keoon 10 hwit that hit ne soleth, 
Neion M leot that hit oe aioiketk, 
^eaoft w Khd th«t hit ne awratluth. 

AiouGH, oAr. Below. SttJkfgh. 

Auovn, 1 V. {A.'S, uluiam.) To 
ALOWTB» V bow; to pax obeisance. 
ALDTa, J Pien PA, p. 495. 
Ho that paaseth the brrgge, 
Hys annea be mot lepre. 
And to the ;rraant alomte. 

Lfkmm$ DiMOMM , L 19S4 
Tint diiU that vaa ao wild* and whaf. 
To me aUdt love. 

JflSf. .la/if., i. 101. 

Alowb, (1) aAr. (^^.-5.) Low dowp. 

(2) 9. To homble. 
Alows, \9, (A.'N, aOtrngr.) To 
ALLowm, J praise ; to approve. 

Cwsyd be he that thy mat mlomt f 

Bichmrd Coer It Lum, 4Mi. 
For he bathe no knowen congregacioa 
to reprove bim or mllane him. 

Sir T. MorTs Warkt, p. 184. 

Alotnk, n. {A.'N, oMgner,) To 

Al.0T8B.(l) Alit! 

(2) A kind of preeioos stone. 
Book of St. Albtme, sig. r, i. 
Alpb. t. (1) {A.-S.) A baU-flnch. 
Ficedala, BD ajptf. MS.Bo4i.,9!i^i.lL 

There waa many a birde tineiiiK. 
Thoronjcboat the yerde all inringing: 
In many placia ntjchtinpilfs, 
Andalecy, and finches, anil wodfwalea. 

(2) {A,'S, «^.) An elephant. 
Airns-noK, t. {A-S, etptn-ban.) 

Alphabkt, 9, The index or list of 

contents to a book was formerly 

so called. 
Alpi, adj, {A.'S.) Single. 

A. quod the vox, ieh wflle tha Idle, 

Oa ofot word ich lie neUe. 

Beliq. AnUi^%^%. 

AxpicKB, t. A kind of earth. 

Cotgrexey v, Chere4e. 
Alfveth, #. A halfpenny-worth. 

MwkOMt. AngL, i, 198. 
KhKK,,'S.) OfaU. 

Sweteat aire thin(ce. 
That heo nre erende beore 
To then heoven kioge. 
MS. cut., Calig., A. u, f. 244 />. 
Alb, (1) eanj. (A.-S.) Also; aa; 
likewise ; in like manner. 

d by Google 




(2) AVz, a contracted form of 
all thi$. Dorset. 
Alsatia. a jocular name for the 
Whitefriars, in London, which 
was formerly an asylum for in- 
solvent debtors, and all such as 
had offended against the laws. 

^-;;.}«fe. Altogether. 

Alse, (1) «. The name Alice. 
(2) ado, {A,-S,) Also. 

The fowrihe poynt techTth oi aUe, 
That no mon to hys craft be false. 

Const. qfJiaMiuy, p. SS. 

Alsene, s, (A.'S,) An awl. Ebin 
is still used in the North of Eng- 
land in the same sense. 

Also, (1) conj. {A.-S. alnoa.) As. 
(2) All save; all but Midkmd 

Alsone, eof^. As soon; imme- 

JlaoM as that chflde y-borne is. 
It hath wytt or har i-wys. 
And may speken to his dame. 


Alstxte, adv. (A,'S.) Quickly. 

Unto the porter spcke he thoe, 
Tayd, To thi lord myn ( 
Hasteii and alttite. 

Sayd, To thi lord myn emde thou to, 
Bobwn's RoHumeet, p. 50. 

Albvithb, eof^, (A.'S,) As soon 
as ; as quickly as. 

Alswa, eon/. (A.'S.) Also. 

Altamel, «. A verbal or lump 
account, without particulars, 
such as is commonly produced at 
spunging-houses. A slang word. 

Altbmbtrye, s. The measuring 
of altitudes. 

Altbbage, s, a fine or tax to the 
altar; one of the amends for 
offences short of murder. 

Alteratb, v. (LatJ) To alter; to 
change ; p€trt. p, altered. 

ALTBBCAND,j9ar/.a. {A.-N.) Con- 

Altbrn, adv. Alternately. Milton. 

Altham, s. a slang term. In the 
FratermtyeofVacadondei, 1575, 

the wife of a «< cnrtall " i| said to 
be called his altham. 

Alther, geiL pi of al. Prefixed 
to adjectives. See Alder. 

Altbicate, 9. (la/.) To contend. 

Aludbls, s. {A.'N.) Subliming- 
pots without bottoms, which 
fitted into each other, without 
luting. An alchemical terra. 

Aluffb, adv. (A.-S.) Aloof; more 
nearly to the wind. 

Alure,' '\s.(A.'N.) a gutter or 
ALOUR, J channel behind the bat- 
tlements, which served to carry 
off the rain-water; sometimes, 
an alley, or passage from one 
part of a building to another; 
the parapet-wall itself. 

Up the alurs of the castles the laydes 

thanne stode. 
And byhald thys noble nime, and whyrhe 

knyjies were gode. Mob. GUmc, p. 192. 

Alisaunder rometh in his toun. 

For to wissen his masons. 

The towns to take, and the torellia, 

Vawtes, aUmru, and the corneris 

Kynff Alisaunder, 1. 7310. 

Alutation, s. {Lat.) Tanning of 

Alute, 0. To bow. See Alouie. 

Alvisch, adj. {A.-S.) tSlfish ; hav- 
ing supernatural power. 

Alway, adv. (A.'S.) Always. 

Thereby a christall streame did grntly play. 

Which from a sacred rounUine wenetl forth 
alwaf. SpenMr's Fsurie <^tteen€t I, i, 34w 

Always, adv. However ; neverthe- 
less. North. 
Alweldand, \ad;\ (A.-S. «/. 
alwbldino, J waitfa.) All-ruling; 

Ijprai to grete God alweldand. 
That thai have noght the hegher hand. 
TvMtne and Gavin, 1. 2199. 
Alwes, 9. pi. Hallows ; saints. 
Aly, v. {A.-N.) Go. 

Ahf t he saide, aly blyve ! 

Kyng AUsaunder^ I. 4S70 

Alyche, adj. Alike. 

Alye, (1) r. {A.'N.) To mix. See 


(2) s. Kindred; allies. 

d by Google 

I ALT 61 

i Ifl mfi^ of wajnal^aoyaerfjude, 

I It vnM begrrtt joje onto bml 

I 4lt«s. (jL'S.) Aiwajs. 

A-LT©jBTM,r, «^. Ltgrhtlj. 

ALTKSsrEB, «. Similaritj. 

A>LTKB>WT8K,Afr. In like manner. 

Ai.rjr, #. A kind of oil. ^SHiumv-. 

^T, 1 #. A tent mude of can Taa. 

AiTSiOK.jLf^.-Al) The herb mad- 
wert. Said bj Iluloet to be a cure 
isT the bite of a mad dog. 

Ain. o^: A term applied to aome 
kiad <^doch. A " gown of green 
tfyz doth of gold, with wide 
•ieeres," occurs in a will of tlic 
diftof 1439. r«/. Vetnat., p- 2^<>- 

iJi^^TM, Th«m« 

^ ■! he Mdce to tham in bi« wrvtla* 


ft. li, 5. Jf5. Colt^ Veap^ I>. ▼«- 

iviiLs, a$p. (^^M) L-oTelr- 
AnAcoLT, aife. Partly; in m»^*^^ 

Ahuh, fl$. Mad. 

Hcsvendetkbdkes _ 

lamkethBcnaiBOnetli «»•»—- 1B«. 
IW. SamffS, P- »o*»- 

iMAOiPfo, It. A kind of pe*""- 

iiCAj>OT, \ Skhtnier, 
Ajhajl,<. M«il;am90«r. ^— ^-^ 

Amaimox,*. Iii»trology.tli«»»»^ 

<rf a kiog of the Eaat, o»*^/'*^" 

iras to be guarded again** ^^^™ 
the third boar tfll noon, an A J^™ ^ 
the BiDth ho«r mi ^f^'^'S 
"The diief wboae domi»»o» ^ 
« the north part oC tUe inferon* 

mightily -.plentifoUy. ^_ ^^^^li^g 
He BiA. nd from liis eyea the tT»c»" 

(2)limiicffiatcly, ^o^^^^JS^'w 9! 
Ca^ MV at once. A »«*J^^!S^eli. 

AaffAxaTBBif, •. [A..N.) Tootj 
come ; to be mtster nf. 
Ac the Holt Gott it the ftioAe \frht W 
mwMWMtretk hia siknette ami r)Min;i 
bta hamonrs. JfnthtU of Un 

And how I njrflite Muiu/m hea, 
Aad make hen to verrtie. 

/W» -Pt, p. \i 

A>ffAi.a AMINO, «. Mixing qaie 

ailver with esy metal. An alch 

mical term. 

Aaff Ai.x«. #. Enamel. See ^fm^Al 

iLatf AMD. (l)a.(Z4i/.) Toiendawa; 

to remove. 
-WYfcrmfan we doMM»^ IMu HeaphRj 

■^ca- their pftmnon truly it o* th' leMt : 
A. «lofr doth fmre much bctUr wiUi hii hoiK 
•Xlmmn tbow whoM tabtc. Beat, aid dm 

(2> r. (fr.) A flne; penalty. 

AacAWD ATiON, $. (Lat.) A mettagi 

AacAKO, ]rrep. (A,^,) Amoni 

iVor/A * 

The lye^ere is ouii, the men an th 

▼Alee peny numf the ffnode. aM th 

chef «He*y the corn. J^nthiU of Iwmi 

Aaff AMO-HAMDg.otfv. (1 ) Work don 

conjointly with other boaaeai 

(2) Lands belonging to diffeien 

proprieton intermixed. YorkMh, 

AaaANaa, 1 9.(>f..5.aHiminim<aN 

ikBtfAUNsa, V to excommunicate. 

jkMONSi, J To interdict ; excom^ 

nunicate ; or aecune. 

Hii amuntti* the 

AUc thnlke that rlcrkei niehe deapjte dadi 

That BO *aiao, hota the pope oae, hea 
■aoyley ae mygte. 

with a peaylee pore for to pleye, 
lAt Mho eaa the pepal mmvm. 

Beliq. AtUiq., i, 74 

A.MAKT,a<if. Many people. 
«- . , , 3 , A-wiany that I knewe 

Kntghtcd in my remembniDce, I beheld 
And all their names were in tknt ReKiit«r 
Pm^« Bonour of Ike Garter, UW 

Amar^i^. To mar; trouble. 

A-if ARSTLKD, part. p. Amaxed ? 
Hupc forth, Hubert, hosede pye, 
I«hot thart Urwtaretled into tiie mawe. 

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Amartrv, v. To sacrifice ; make a 

martyr of. 
Amascdnkhsb, $. Amazement. 
AMA6BFULL,a4f'. Frightened. i'aZ»- 

A-MA8KSD, adj. To go a-matked, 
to wander or be bewildered. 
Amatk, 0. {A.-N,) To daunt ; to 

Upon the walls, the trngans, old and young. 
Stood btuh'd and still, amated nnd amaz'd. 
Fairfax's Tauo, p. 248. 
Here the townsmen are amated, 
Tliat their spire should he translated 
Unt-o Pauls ; and great's their labour. 
How to purchase so much paper 
To enwrap it, as is fitting, 
To secure their spire from splitting. 
Drunken BanuAy. 

Amatorculist, 9, (from the Za/.) 

A wretched lover or galant. 
Amatystv, «. Amethyst Minsheu 
gives this form of the word, and it 
occasionally occurs in other writ- 
ers. Rider has the form amatet, 
AmawsTj adv. Almost. We9t. 
Amate, v. {A.'N, esmayer.) To 
Fors weneth that y am amaied. 
For his gwinris me han bytraied. 

JT.^/MflKJMfor, 1.7243. 

Am BAOB, «. (Lat, ambaget)^ pL am- 
6a^>«. Circumlocution. It is used 
as a verb, apparently meaning to 
travel round, in the Morte d' Ar- 
thur, i, 135. 

Epigramma, in which erery mery oon- 
ceited man might, without any long 
stndie or tedious amhage^ make his 
frend sport, and anger bis foe, and give 
a prettie nip, or shew a sharpe conceit 
in a few rerses. 

Tultenktm, Art efFocM, 1. i, ch. 97. 

We have now heard much of the abnies 
reigning in AHgna; but now setting 
aparte the ambagies, and superfluous 
vagaries, I pray you describe, kc. 

Slubbers Anatomy of Abuses, p. 48. 

Ambagious, adj. Tedious; wan- 
dering from the purpose. 

AMBA88ADB, 1 ,. (^..^x ^^6111- 

^"^'"^^^'Kbaisy. "^ 

AMAASSATB, j "* ' 

Ambassador, s. A game formerly 
played by sailors to duck a lands- 
man. " A large tub is filled with 
water, and two stools placed on 
each side of it ; over the whole is 
thrown a tarpaulin, or old sail ; 
this is kept tight by two persous, 
who are to represent the king 
and qtieen of a foreign country, 
and are seated on the stools. 
The person intended to be ducked 
plays the ambassador, and after 
rei)eating a ridiculous speech die 
tated to him, is led in great form 
up to the throne, and seated 
between the king and queen, who 
rising suddenly as soon af he is 
seated, he falls backward into the 
tub of water." Grote. 

Ambassatrib, a. {J,'N.) An em- 

Ambbr, v. To scent with amber- 
gris. See AmberffriMe. 

Ambbr-cawdlb, a. A preparation 
of ambergrease, of an aphrodisiac 
character. See Ambergrise. 

Ton may talk of your amier-^muiUt, 
chocolate, and jelly-Droths, but they are 
nothing comparable to youth and 
beauty; a young woman is the only 
provocative tor old age, I say. 

Bojiunseroft, Umdon Cuekotds. 

Ambbr-dats, a. The ember days. 

Ambbrorisr, la. (Fr. amber 

AMBBRORBA8B, J ^rw,literally gTcy 
amber, from its eolour and per- 
fume.) This substance was for- 
merly much used in wines, saooes, 
and perfumes. It was consi- 
dered also as an aphrodiaiac. It 
was sometimes called merely 

Tis well, be sure 

The wines be lusty, high, and foil of spiriL 

And amker'd all. 

B. andlU, Cust. qfCoumtrf, iii. S. 

I had clean forgot $ we raott have nmksr 

The greyest can be found. 0. FL, vii, 167. 
Milton has inverted the word : 
— Meats of noblest sort, Sec., 

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1#. (^^M) Tbelow- 
AMES-Acm^ J est throw on the 
diee ; two aeei ; ftgnratiTeiy, bad 

Hlrn the 

r«<} ^tr aftnr t3ie tat«ile» to SDgdoaid 
£sd t^M^ rift al that folk, nd vyna 

is te ewi thcKcf «■ * * >• » tho be to londe 
tsm, Bok. Okmc., p. 51. 

I kfti ntber he in thit eiioiee, than 
tfaov w<i an' far bit life. 

AMBfvsrmK, #. (X«/.) A kind of 
Vkar of Bray. '* That juror that 
taketh of both parties for the 
fiv^g^ of bis verdict." CoweU, 

AMnoi7,«.(Fr.) An entertainment 
■ irincfa all dishes are mixed to- 
gether, instead of regular courses. 

kmrnojOGY^ a. (X^f >) An equivocal 

AMBtTTOsrATS, aff. Ambitious. This 
word is giiren by Min^hen, in his 
G^de imio Tmtjptet, 1627. 

AMBrrcuB, «. (/^f.) The circom- 

AjfBz.cax,a.(^.-M amblntre,) An 

Akbolitx, od^. Oblique. 

Aaidtako sode kepa of this dupiter of 
anofise of edotiaJl bodjet, for ther 
tiiiaiftiTi vel that Bfcither mone nciUiar 
■toBC m oar mmkaSfg orizoot 

Ckmaeer, ed. Urry, p. 446. 

a. (Za/.) Wild sage. 

^ #.(.rf.-M)(l) A cup- 
board, a pantry; any 
^ place in which nc- 
toals are kept. 




Me in the cap. 
nuwr. 1&7S. 
By tkidt time be came thither, he had 
W three of Ins henriBff left ; for, by the fe& iate the thievish hands of 
ad of baee-kaifEkts. by 
Boi only robbed of BUbw 
_ as &iB to redeem bis life 
WsBie vitfc the better pert of his aaidfv 
sfbazBohedisbea. ' 

Naatrs LcMUm Sh^^. 


(2) The almonry was sooeUmefl 
so called, the alms being kept in 

Ibe abee vbercin this chapel and 
ahas-hottte standcth «aa railed the 
ElcaiooiiiarT,or almoary, d<>« n>rni|Miy 
the eaairy. for that the a>ni« of liie 
Abbey were there diatrihutrd to the 
poor; and therein Ultp. ahitoi of \Vttt. 
nunster, erected the first pn m uf )}^M.k^ 
prhitinx that evrr was in Eoglaud, 
aboai the year of Chmt 1471. 

Siowe's Smrwy af Loudom. 

Ambclbr, «. (J.-N.) An ambUog 

horse; an ambler. 
Amburt t. {A.-S. ampre,M swollen 

▼ein.) A disease in horses' legs. 

Skifmer. SeeJnitny. 
Ambcscado, #. (^Min.) An ambos- 

AmusioK, «, An abase. 
Ambust, adj, {Lai,) Burnt 
Ambtnowbb, «. An almoner. MS, 

Amb, 1 (1) ». {A.'N. memer, met. 
Aim, J mer, which represented 

the Lat, tutimo,) To guess; to 

think; to telL 
Of nea of ames bold the nombre thd mm*, 
A tfaoBsand and tno hundred told of Cnttrn 

meu hi aame. Peter Lang toft, p. 2'2»i. 
Nomoanpon mold mi^t ayme the noamher, 
Al that real araj reken tcliold men never. 
WiU. and tkt Wtrwolf. p. 68. 
Tee, wyth food handelyne. as I eywtf, 
Even by and by, ye shall her rcclByme. 

Ccwmnnt Secretary and Jalowwyg. 

(2) «. {A..S, tgpm, breath, Ta- 
pour.) The spirit; breath. 
IHin that ptxn it sochte. 
And tH ar note an havis it brohts^ 
8co delte it vrisbc ais soo vilde, 
That aUe this werde it is fiilfUde 
Of the esM. aad of the smelle ; 
Forth! es Rodc thar of to telle. 

JUMuryk MS. qmoud fy Bouektr, 

AiffBB, s. {J.^N,) The herb awteos, 

Ambked, part. p. Padfled; lite- 

rally, made meek. 
Am BL, t. (J..N.) Enamel * 
Heav'ns richest diamonds, set in aaief 
white. Flelck,, Purpk /<{.. x, 33. 

The ammeU is so faire aad fresh of hew. 
As to this day it seemeth to be new. 

Jm oM/adoiud Um, hg J. T^ UM, 

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AMB 64 

He leems a fhU itodeni, fbr he is a 
fCreat dcsirer of controvenics ; he argues 
•harply, and carries bis conclusion in bis 
scabbard, in tbc first refining of man- 
kind tbis was the gold, his actions are 
liis AmmfU his alUv (for else yoa cannot 
vork him perfectly), continnal duties, 
heavy and weary marches, lodgings 
as foil of n«ed as cold diseases. 

Otcriurfs Ckaracten. 

Neu«r mine eies in pleasant Sprm| behold 

The azure flax, the gilden marigold. 

The violet's purple, the sweet loaes 

The lillie*s tnowe, and pansey*8 vanoos 

AMEL-coaw, ». (A,'S.) A kind of 
corn, " of a middle size betwixt 
wheat and barlie, unlike alto- 
gether unto winter wheatwhercof 
we last spake, but of a sort and 
facultie like unto spelt." Mori" 
ham's Qnmtrey Forme, 1616. 
Gerard calls it the starch-corn, a 
species of spelt. 

AuzhL^prep, Between; as **ameU 
one and two o'clock." Boucher 
gives the phrase ameU-4uirtf 
which signifies the passage be- 
tween two doors in a Cumber- 
land farm-house, built according 
to the old style. 

AuN^YD, part, p, BnamcUcd. 

Ambnaob, ©. (J.'N.) To manage; 
to direct by force. Spemer. 

Amenancb,». (^.-M) BehaTiour; 

Soone after did the brethren three advance, 
In b«re .ray. «*^/^^^; ja. j. 

iLnd with graTe speech and grateftil 

Himself, his state. Us spouse, to them 

AMmNDABLK, A^. (perhaps for 
i^ble,) Pleasant. 

Amen DEN, adv. A sort of oath, 
equivalent to a piaffue, or a more 
gross word now disused. " Where 
amtnden ar yeow a goen?" A 
Suffolk wont 


Amsnomskt, s. Dung or compost 

laid on land. Kent. 
Amends, t. {A,-N.) An addition 
put into the scale of a balance, to 
make just weight. 
AuKfiB, a4f. {Lat. ammui.) Plea- 

sant ; consenting. 
Amenne, 9. To amend. 

As we be wont, erborowe we crave. 
Your life to OMeiuu Christ it save. 

Mom, qf the Bote, 7496. 

Amense, «. Amends. Skeittm. 
AMENT,t.(Ia/. amentum.) A thong; 

a string. This word occurs in 

Cockeram's English Dictionaries 

Amenuse, v. (A.'N. amma»er^ 

To diminish. 
The fame smmut* of so noble a knight. 

Bocha*» L 39. 
His mercy is surmounting of foyson. 
Ever encreaieth without mmtmuiyt. ^ 

AMB08,«.(-<<.-iV.) ThcherbbUhop»»- 

Ameral. See Admiral 
Amerawd, s. An emerald. 
Ambrawdes, s. The hemorrhoida. 
Amerce, \f>. (A.'N. anwrcter.) 
AMERCY,/ To punish with a pe. 
cuniary penalty ; to inflict a fine 
or forfeiture; to punish, in gene- 
And though ye mowe amercf hem, 
Lat mercy be taxoor. I'iers PI., p. 110, 

Bat I'll amerct yoa with so strong a fine. 
That YOU shall ail repent. 

Amerciament, a. {A,'N,) Ajb 

arbitrary mulct 

To the archbishop belonged the mm^ertim 
mnU of bloodshed, from such tynae aii 
they cease to sayaUeloja at the chtirc) 
■ervice, tiU the octaves of Easier. 

AimM,ad».(A.N.ameir.) Fiercely 
pariadas, Danes brother. 
He hadde y-slswe on and othir. 
Tanryn and Hardas he slowe witla naey 
With sweord n'den he dad amere / 
la this strong fvghtyng cas, 
He mctto with Dalmadas. 

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Amuts, ^v.{ji,'S.miifrrmi,amer- 
Ajf BRB, J rm, to mar.) To mar ; 
to spoO ; to destioj. 
Ac vif lad the tide i-hcrd 
And tlMNig;hte veil to ben mmtrtdj 
Aad nide, " Sire, tboa hast oatnfe 
To leve a pie in a kace !** 

He mi vitli a dnve fverde 

Tb hjs namentiye. 
Aad all bye goidTS ther he •mtrrtie. 

With greet euTje. Oetofum, L M07. 

Amxbs, #. Embers. TbritA. 
AiURTAiLE, V, (^.-iVl) Tomarrel; 
to be sorprised. 

By neaDe whereof, the Vyn^^t death 
was bloaren into the eitye, and after 
onto the cares of Chilpericiia. whereof 
he was not mmenmyUd, nor wotde to it 
gere fenne credence. Tnrif, L 97. 

Am ss-Acs. See Jmket^^, 
AnsB, tf. i^A.-N.) To calm. "Amne 

jna," calm jooraelC Towmley 

Mjf9i., p. 194. 
Ambssb, c. The amice. 
AjfBT, «. (^..&) An ant. 

Sothjcfce htt eome, that the k»d over al 

hii goone fiallep 
Al thycfce as aateim erepeth in an tmeU 

hade. Bok. QUme^ p. 996. 

AifBTHODiCAL, odj. {Gr.) Without 

method; irregular. 
AmnrsKD, part, p. Destroyed. 

Amvvs, v. {A.'S.) To more. 
AnnLAcruous, a^. {Lai.) Foil of 

Amias. The city of Amiens. 
Am icB, 1 #. (A.'N.) One of the 
AMTTS, [sacerdotal Testments ; a 
AMMis, fpiece of fine linen, of an 
AMMAS, J oblong square form, 
which was formerly worn on the 
head nntil the priest arrived be- 
fore the altar, and then thrown 
back upon the shoalders. 
Amtd, 1 


Aurnoy, #. Fine wheat-flower 
steeped in water; then strained, 
ind let stand until it settle at 

the bottom; then drained of the 
water, and dried at the son ; used 
for bread, or in broth, it is very 
nourishing; also, starch nude of 
Amidwako, ad9, (A^-S.) In the 

And tmjfiward the place 
He mette with NrrohM. 

Amil, t. Starch. 

Of wheats is made satyl. the making 

whereof Gato and Diosroridea tescbeth. 

Ocop^t Hnshtatdru, IMS. 

Amilsd, part, p, (A.-N.) Ena- 

Amillibk, «. (A.»N,) An almond- 

The briddes in bkaMBS the! beem wd 

On olyres, and am^Oun, and al kynds of 

The popcjayes perkcn, aad prayncn for 

On peren and pynappel they joyken in 

pees. FisHU o/SuMam, st 7. 

Amikish, 9. (A.~N.) To diminish. 
Ami KB, v.{A.'N,) To auist; to 

remedy. Ckameer. 
Amis, v. (A.-N.) To miss; to faiL 

Amissk, a. A fault. 
I wretch, too late, do wrrow my mat. 
Sis OU Flmyt. p. 17. 
Tet lore, thon'rt blinder than thyself in 

To rex my doro-like firiend for my amiss. 

He told the erring their ssmm, and taught 
them to amend. 

Wtuiur's Jlhiom's EitglaMd, 1693. 

Amission, a. (lot.) Losa. 
Amit, (1) See Amiee, 
(2) V. To admit. 
(3)0. (Za/.) To lose. 
Amittb, r. {A.-N,) To set one's self 

to a thing. 
Amitvbb, a. (A,'N.) Friendship. 
ThoWf he laide, tmytonr, 
Tustnrday thow co'aie in aauturSt 
T-armed to on of myne, 
Ke byhynde at my chyne 
Smotcst me with thy spere. 

Sgmg JUsaandeTf 397a 

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AmcAT, # A luncheoo. Wnt. 

Amkis. See Amice, 

AMNBft, «. An tlmoner. 

Amnicolist, «. (la/.) One who 
dwells on the hiuiks of a river. 

Amnigbnous, adj, {Lot.) Gene- 
rated in rivers. 

Am OD, oJo. Amid. Langtqft, 

Amond, «. (Fr.) An almond, ifm- 

Amonbste, 1 v. (^.'M atnonet- 

AM MONBSTB, J teT.) To admonish. 

Amonbstbmemt, «. (J,'N.) Advice ; 

Amongb, adv. (J^S.) Amidst; at 
intervals. JBoer amovge, from 
time to time, ever at intervals. 
Amonsi. See Aman$e, 
Amoost, lufo. Almost. ir««/. 
Amorgb, ^ttdv. {A,'S,) On the 
amorbge, j morrow. See /fmonoe. 
Amobatlb. See AdmiraL 
Amorettb, «. {A.'N.) (1) A love 

(2) A love^motto ? 
For not i-cladde in lilke waa he. 
Bat aU in flonrii and flonrettet, 
I-paintid all with amorttle*. 

Bmn. qftkt Bote, 89ft. 

Amorist, «. An amorooa person ; 

a lover. 
O lie I yoa look not b1ce an amorisif that 
face woald frielit her. 

CarUU*t Pattumate Lotm* 1S&5. 
Gontnme your timoroui cringing amoruiSt 
that would possess their heifik, hut dare 

Dh^, Uadtm KeiU, 1076. 

Amoroso, «. (liaL) A lover. 
No-hody manr times malceth the ^ood 
man cuckhola, for though his wiTcs 
mmoroto have heene at homp all day, 
yet if hee asle who hath heene there, 
she answereth suddenly, nobody, who 
should he here, I say againe, sweete 
hart, nobody. 
liick CaHnet fitrm*hed vith VansHe 
ofExeellent 2>i<rrtfftoM, 1616. 

Amort, <ufo.(fV-.) Dejected; dead. 

See Alamort, 
Amortisb, 9. {A,'N,) (1 } To amor- 

tise ; to give property in mort- 
Pier9 PL 

J) ad9, (A.^S,) 
^ >morrow; i 
^ J morning. 

On the 
In the 

(2) To kill, or deaden. 
Bvt for ala moche as the goode werket 
that men don whil thay ben in good lif 
ben mmorilud by tynne folwyng, and 
eck sith that alle the goode werkes that 
men dooa whU tbay ben in dedly ay one, 
been ontrely deede as for to have the lif 
perdmmble. Cktmcert Ftrtonei 7\ 

Amortisbmbnt, 9, The act of com- 
mitting lands to mortmain. A 
longer explanation is given by 
Skinner» in his Etymohgieath 


Wei 5eme he wille the bidde and prai^ 
That thou come amTrewe and plaie. 

Florie* and Monckefiomr. 
And thai thai served him never so faire, 
Armorwen schold another pair. n. 

8o suart so eni crowe atnorw* is fot was. 
Sok. Gkmc, p. 48a 

Amountb, (1) V. {A.'N,) To 
amount to ; to be. 
Lordyngs, qaod he, ther is fill many 
a man that crieth werre, werre, that 
wot ful litel what werre nmountetL 

Chancer, T. ofUeGheut, 

{2) part, p. Smeared. An error 
of the scribe for anointe. 

And I will goe gaither slyche. 

The shippe for to cnulke andpvche ; 

AwunuUe yt mnste be with aUche, 

Boide, tree, andpyqnc. 

Ckeeter PUt^f, i, 47. 

Amountmbnt, ». Reckoning* 

He luked up nnto^the tonre. 
And merily sang he of avufwre, 

Seejfn Sagee, SMS. 

Amovb, V, To move; to move 
away from. 

Amper, «. (A.»S, anqn^ a swollen 
vein.) An inflamed swelling. 
Eatt. A rising scab or sore, 
also a vein swelled with cor- 
rupted blood. Eu€x, A fault, a 
defect, a flaw; a fault or flaw in 
linen or woollen cloth. In 
SomerHtihire, a penon covered 

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witb piniplesistaldtobeaii^^Mrir. 
Tbe word is applied im the Bastera 
Counties to sigai^ wak, or un« 
Wealthy; in Snitex, to cbeese 
bcgiiuiiBg to decay; and tome^ 
times to decayed teeth. An 
ampn^img^ a decayed tootb. 
AMPaxBOLooiCAft, a^p. (£?r.) Am- 



Ampbiboi4>6R, #. (O.) Ambi- 
gaoos language. ChoMetr. 

AMn.x, (1) V. ^aapposed to be cor* 
jnpted from aai^/^.) To go. 

(2) m^. iLai.) Liberal ; geoarou. 

<3) j; (^--AT.) An ampidU, or 
wemA for ointment. See^n^pti^. 
TbB ffth pMB, that ii wt MbM tiM 

, ,. and u foriMd in the 

Itarc flf a Eua; and he w get in the 
cksr M A aaaater, and faoldeth in hit 
Bgfeft hand abode; and an om^ j^, or a 
bac with ointment, in hiildthand; and 
•s hia fodte bis iaatnunenu of iron and 
flf aiifcr^far to nnke indaioM^ and to 
WBCcb voaada and hnrts, and to cat 
^ mem. Castem, Gaau €f Cka$e. 

T, V. {Lai.) To embrace. 
(, V. {Lai,) T# ao^lff. 
AjcForr, a. A hamper. SSknpth, 
AMPmsT, ttjF- C-^--^) Faulty $ de- 
feetne; apoiled; decayed, applied 
to ciieeK, Ac JToit Amw*. See 

AimiB, Jt. (X-& ^m$tia.) An 

.1#. (^^M) A 
AMTOM^Tf yveiiel&Krholdiagoint* 
A101JI, J meaty holy^water. && 

He btf by Us lyde^ 
An hnadred ai a mn nUm 

I bin hstaeten. FieraFLt'^^Q9. 

.a. Abia£kfahrd. Far. disiL 
Amsbbst, a. (a eormpt form.) A 

eosalatory eourt. 
Aicrr, 1 m^, {jL^ mmii^mOig.} 
AscpTT, J Bmpty« 
ila^piaee ha aada aboote, and fole flea 

AmmcB, r {Lai. 
or lees of oiL 


having leei. 
AmrsB, a. To 

(.) Dregt 

The qoality of 

tmote, according 
to the cant dictionariety it to 
fling dost or snuff into the eyes of 
the person intended to he robbed. 
AifWAST^Aia. Almost. JVbr/Aamp^ 
AMW0AST,ato. Almost WiU9. 
Amt, a. {A,^N,) in the fimMma 
amye, amUt aimeff^. One beloved ; 
a lover, or a miitrets ; a friend. 
H« ToUnd the chaambre of Many oehoa. 
For be nide, in that nyaht, hmmtaak 
Scholde come to theo tady. 
And beoB hire koTaMy. 

/ Mtmmdtr, L SlO. 
He atldd what bin gpeved io? 
Sebce nide he* vee eauye 
To Amnion the god of ptcye. 

An, (1) a. To have. Lane, 

WeU Mr Cnnstable, eed JneUee, WHot 
an ye bronght me aesw f Tim Bobbim, 
{t)B, {A.^S., from iRBOBito dwell.) 
A dwelling; a honse. 
Nen beth therimle that riebe toare 
Four and twenty maidrnee bowcb 
So wele were that ilke man. 
That mitte wooaen in that an. 

(3) One. NoHK 

(4) A. See^. 
{^)prtp.{A.^S.) On. 

(6) coiy. Than. iVbr/A and EoMi, 
It is found in the Varwr Mundi, 
a*^m written in a very broad 
Northern dJitOect; bvt there it 
has the form oNdL 

(7) If. 

(8) And. 

(9) Oi: Northampt. «I yerd 
nothing a» it," I heard nothing 

Ak? What? Whether? Dmm. 

Amagk, a. A provincial name for 
some hind of fine oaten bread. 
Also with this tmallneale, catgineale, ft 
made in divert eonatries stee eefvraU 
kindes of very giood and whokeome 
breed, every one finer then other, as 
your maeii, jaaacks, and sndi lilu. 

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Anadbm, «. {Gr.) A chaplet; a 

Upon tliii joyfnll day, lome dainty chapleta 

twine : 
Some othen chosen oat, with fingen nei^ 

and fine. 
Brave auadems doe make : aome baaldrlcks 

up do bind : 
Some, garlands : and to some, the nosegaies 

were aasign'd. 

Drajfton*» Polyolhion, aong 15. 

Anaoesm, «. (Gr.) A band to tie 
up wounds. Minsheu. 

Anagnostian, i. ((?r.) *' A curate 
that senreth onely to reade, 
or a Clarke or scoller that read- 
eth to a writer or his master." 

Anagogical, adj, {Gr,) Pertain- 
ing to the Scriptures. This word 
is given by Minsheu, in his Guide 
into Tongues, 1627. 

Anairm IT, a^r- Armed. Gawayne, 

Analem, «. \Gr,) An instrument 
for finding the course and eleva- 
tion of the sun. Minsheu. 

An-all, adv. Also. 

Anameld, ad). Enamelled. 

Anamet, s. a luncheon. Hamps. 

Anamorphosis,*. ((?r.) A change 
of form. 

Anamourd, adj. Enamoured. 
— MSS. qf Uth and 15M 

Anan, adtf. (1) How? What did 
you say ? It has been observed 
that mid trnnan, in Anglo-Saxon, 
means "with permission" and 
unnan is, to yield as a favour; 
so that anan (more properly 
annan) seems to be an elliptic 
expression, like the French 
"Plaii'iir* meaning " may I ask 
the favour of your saying it 

(2) A corruption of anon, imme- 

Anamger, v. To incense. 

And when the eraperonre harde this, 
he was greatly amoved, and sore on- 
angtrU. Virgiliiu, ed. Tkomi, p. IS. 

Anantrbs, "^ ^ , ^. ^_ ^ ^, 

ANAUNTERB ''^' ^^^^^ ^ ^^ 

t^ANTER M*^') I" case 
^nanter' I **»*^' ^*^»* **^*'' 
?nan™,' Jifjpeniclventure. 

Anger nonld let him speak to the tree, 
SnoMnUr his rafce might cooled be. 

Speiun't Shepherd's Calendar. 
For longe durst he nut abyde, 
Jnat/MUr if men woil Beyne, 
That he his sister hath forleyne. 

Qover de Omf. Jnu, f. 48. 

An APES, s. Cloth ; apparently some 
fine kind of fustian, which word 
is usually joined with it. 
His dooblet sleevez of black woorsted ; 
Qjpon them a payr of povaeta of tawnv 
chamblet, laced aldng the wreast H7th 
blu thretrden points; a wetilt toward ilie 
hand of fnstian aruives. 

Laneham's Account o/thg Qtuen*8 Bnter- 
iainnurU at KiUinificorti Castle. 
Yestis heteromalla lanea, trcpiif&aAAor 
coihjf . De tripe, de chamois velout^ 
A garment of fusUon aiuipa, of vcllurr, 
of tuft mockado. Nonundator^ 1585. 

Anarwe, v. (A.'S.) To narrow, 
or constrain ; to render timid. 

He makith heom way with scharpelaunee« 
Thy men anarmth thy continaunce. 

Kyng Alisaunder, 1. SS46. 
Anathematism, s. {Gr.) A curae. 
In the primitive church though in their 
councils they were not backwiuil to paaa 
analkematUiM on everything that they 
judged heresies, be. 
Stmufs Hist. qfR^ormatum^ fol., p. SS. 

Anatomy, s. A skeleton. 

Anauntrins, adv. Perhaps ; if so 
be. North. See Jnantres. 

Anberry, "1 *. (j4.-S. ampre.) (1) 
ANBURY, J A disease in turnips. 
It is a large excrescence, which, 
forming itself below the apple of 
the turnip, grows sometimes to 
the size of both the hands; and, as 
soon as the hard weather sets in, 
or it is, by its own nature, 
brought to maturity, it becomes 
putrid, and smells very offen- 

(2) A kind of spongy wart, full of 
blood, growing upon any part of 
a horse's body. 

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AsTMLBUM, s, (for mmdlgreJ) An 
mmbliag MUtg. 

Tbe mevr wtod, as je nmy *o^. 
And amw hjm €ome ride up ***^J^ga 

Ajtbt; tf^. Some time hence ; in 

tbe evening. Somergei* 
A.VCAB, s. A hermit, Seej^nif^or. 
AxcMJkXTfMf adv. Anciently- 

Ajichaisck, #. (j4.'N.y B«^<»» • 
caoie. See ^itffA^«w^ _ ^^^_. 

ASCHANTBOB, #- Ao «"«^*"f^* 

A5CH0E. (1) #. An »bbren»tion oe 
andiorci, a bennit- i«n>e» 

tftteDendwn turn my. *^'^**5,f^-^ soo^. 


Jr oik, often i«*d by •^''^Sr.e- 
l-ek. See the notes of^.^^ ^ 
meoUton on »[l"^3«jfc^. 

eatenh, ^ ^ foon^ ^f 

a nmnin J »'^^-^e ^rcH of • 

i^ to the c»^^f^''^be »•«»« ^'^ • 

Asc^sT, \»-^>2«ti An elder. 

69 ANC 

Tea tlnet more dithoMPVibly r 
tlmi to old fac'd tmdfnt. 

Full ofbolM. Ukt a ihot m^Ml 

It vit a ipeetade extremelf deli| 

to behoM the JMcka, the Modanu 

the Midemt* sponing in the wind. 

Am QuixoU, cd. 16tf7* p 

(3) The ttandard'bearer. 
Plcaie Tonr gnee, my vteieMt: 
A naa he u of hooestj aad tniet. 

TiM me laco, tmeinU to the acne 

AMCi«3fTT, 1 #. Antiquity. 
jiVNciBNTT, J writen of the 
Ancillb,«. (la/.) Amftid-ter 

So fortunate, that I myhte of ribte 
Do trewe lervjce, as •ttrilU ever to si 
Lfdffot^i Minor fotma, 

Anclb-bonb, «. A name give 
•ailon to the prickly lol 

Akc LB- JACKS, «. Pieces of la 
put round the ancle a little a 
the ahoe, tying in front. Nat 
In Derbyshire this name u 
plied to a rough tort of i 
which tie above the ancle. 

Anclbrb, «. Ancles. Shroptl 

Anclbt, «. (1) The ancle. H 
(2) A gaiter. 

Ancliit, «. The ancle. Non 

Anclowb, «. {A,'S, ancleow.) 

Ancomb, 1 i, (ji.-S.) A sma] 
ONcoiiB, Vcerous swelling, f 
UNcoM B, J ed unexpectedly. 

I have aeen a little ]iriek no him 
a pin's head, swelling bigger ana b 
till it came to an ommm. 0. P., r 

AvcoNT, «. A term in the 
works for a bloom, wrought 
the figure of a flat iron 
about three feet in length, 
a square rough knob on each 
KamiU. In Stailbrdahire 

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AVC 70 

of these knobi is called the on- 
eony-end, the other the moeket- 

Anckb, *. (itf-iNT.) An anchor. 

Ancumsi, 1 ^ (^.-isr.) A female 
ANCAB8, V i^nchoret or hermit 


And asking wtay she moit be kept a tlaTe, 
Or how ahe hath deaerv'd so strict a doome, 
To be so youog put in her marble grave, 
(For whals a prison, but a living toombeP) 
Or forwhat cause she may no husband have, 
But live an mereue in so strict a roome, 
Knowing herselfe a princesse ripe and 

Wrougd (as she thinkes) not to be 
married yet. _ ,.^ 

Great Britwus Trout, 1609. 

Anoylb, «. A kind of javeUn or 
dart, or the leather thong with 
which it IB thrown. PhiUipi. 

And, con;'. If. 

ANPAW.con/ And all; as weU; 
likewise. North, Somernt. 

Wi* crackin, and Jwokin, and brsggin. 
And fratchin, and feighUn and ow j 

Sec elorioua fun and divarsion 
"Was ne'er seen in castle or \am** 
Jndfr9(M*i OumberUind Balladt, p. 91. 

Andb, «. (said to be derived from 
the Dixniih.) Breath. See Aande, 

Tliai rested than a litel slound, 
For to talc thair ande tham till. 

¥wdn» and Gawm^ 86ft6. 

Andblono, adv, (^.-5.) Length- 

Andbrsm A8, ». The mass or festi- 
val of St. Andrew. Yorkth, 

ANOBRSMBATy «. An aftcmoon's 

Andbbith, adv. {A.^S.) Previ- 

Andirons. ] ». (A.-S,) The or- 

AOMOiRONS, l>namental irons on 

AUNDEiRTs, J cach sidc of the 

hearth in old houses, which were 

accompanied with small rests for 

the ends of the logs. 

Andulbes. ». (J^. ondouUkM,) 
Puddings made of hog's guts and 

Amour, ooiy*. (/)<m.) Either. 


Anpbrs, 1 
ANDYR8, Kprrn. IA.'S.) Other. 


As I me went this ontfyr* day. 

Fast on my way makyng my mone. 
In a mery momyng of May, 

Be Hontley bankes rnvsclf alone. 

Sdand of True Thomas. 

Anb, (1) «. {A.'S.) The beard of 
corn. See Aane. 
flaxen wheate hath a yelow eare and 
bare without a«y«. Polard whete hath 
no anU. White whete hath anys. Red 
wheate hath a flat eare fnl of amis. 
Enslish wheate hath few «iy« or none. 
IlUherbert*e BushoMdry, L 2a 

(2) «p. (^.-5.) One. 
That es made als a anamer stane, 
B tnin fblBis one. 

For to X 

Cwtor Mundi, MS. 

Cokwdd no man 1 wyll reprcre. 
For I aroe ojm, and aske no leve. 
For all my rent and loiidys. 
CokwoUfs " 

(3) adv. Alone. "Bihymeon*," 
by himself alone. 

(4) A. 
Alas! thou sell FhiQBce, for the may 

thnnche shome. 
That aiM fewe fuilaris malceth on so teme. 
Folitical Songi, p. 194. 

(5) a^. Own. North. 

(6) V. To aim at. Somenet. 

(7) prep. On. 

(8) 0. To dweU. MS. qf Ibth 

ksuKOvsTt prtp. Near to; almost. 

Anbar, (1) prep. Near. Somer9et. 

(2) «. (A.-S.) To approach. 
Akbarst, \prep. (A.^S,) Near. 

ANBABT, J Exmoor. 
AmtATSL, prep. Beneath. North. 
An BEAK, adv. Aback. Gawayne. 
Anedb, part. p. of aniie, to unite. 

United ; made one. 
Anbdbl, s. (^.-iS.) One part. 

Tko he thestedo was opon. 
He cave anedel of his fon. 

ArthouT and Merlin, 1. 4033. 

Anb-bnd, 1 adv. {A.-S.) On one 
ANiNP , I end ; upright ; rearing, 
ANNBKD, J applied toafour-foot^ 

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aoimal ; perpetoAlIf, erermore, in 
Cbcshife. JwKnd is used fimply 
for OS end, in Norihampt. 
AircHKDK, <. {A.'S.) Unity. 
Akzuick, ] c. {Med. Lai. aii«- 
AJOJLCE, y^acttif.) A kind of 
AXLAS, J knife or dagger, worn 
at the girdle. 
Ab ofxr and a ppseral of silk 
H<Bc *i iua eeidal, vhit u mome aijlk. 

AiTELATX, r. To gape. 
AxMLK^ 1 r. {J.'S. an and «2p, 
KSKLx, > oil.) To anoint, or gi?e 
AJTOTLK, J extreme nnction. 
CrMtesdom, ud binelioppTTkga, 
FcB&iuu, ftad eke Bfounnn, 
Codes body ine forme of brec^ 
Ordre, and oMcUin^*, 

Hciti b<^ eherehe Mcremena, 
Th^ bcth Uikenen of berene. 

WmUm de Shorekam. 
So vben he vaa houeled and and^d, 
■■d had all that a Chmtian maD oujcht 
to bare. Mart fJrtkur, p. iii, c 176. 
IW extmne auction or anelynge, s&d 
e«in»cioii, be njed be no lacra- 
meaiM ci the cfaarch. 

Sir Tkos. More a r<wi«,p.Si5. 
The hyi&op aendeth it to the cnrates* 
tliey ftboald tiienritb annojnt 

the Bdc IB the nentment of anoyUna. 
/*., p. 431. 
iho children were ehriiten'd, and men 
htna^d and emncyl^d thonra^h all the 
bod. Holinsh., vol ii, n. 6. 

(2) {A^S. aualan.) To temper 
in the fire. 

(3) (^.-5. Msteeam.) To ap- 

Katte arfth hoflex and bertt, tad borez 

u tth e mttj te, 
A^ eu jBcz, that hjm tuuUdt, of the bete 

2dk. Syr Otncayne, p. ^. 

AvKLiKG, #. (1) Ooe that bringi 
forth one yoang at a time. 
thta eves abo are to fall of increaae, 
that Kme dos luoalhe bring foortb two, 
iBkntr cr fowre lanbes at onee, wbereby 
Oct aeeooBt onr atuUng*, which are 
sack ac brin; foortb but one at once, 
n&a barren than to be kept for anie 
ipaatt. JSEcrruoa'f Desc. of Brit., p. 4S. 

<t) The sacrament of anointing. 

Ami.T,\adJ. {A,-S. mUie, 


AXLT, /Alone; solitary. Jnt- 
lyne$, solitariness. 

Anemas, 1^- (supposed to be 
ANEM IS, / derived from the Sean- 
dinavian dialects.) Lest; for fear; 
as, "shnt that window anemoM 
it should rain ;*' " spar the door 
omemiM he come," shot the door 
lest he come in. Norfolk. It 
appears to he now obsolete. 

Av-END, adv. Onwards ; towards 
the end; "to go an^end," to go 
forward ; " to go right am-nd,** 
L €., to go straight forward. 

AxENS, a. Chains or fetters. 

Now er hit m«m wnmht of aOrcre wda 

Dayet that therof ronht. his was alle the 

gilt. FeUr Ungtoft. p. 187. 

ANE1IT9T, ^ pnp. Against ; over 

ANEKsrr, against ; opposite to. 

AJfEWT, > ( 1 n a secondary sense) 

ANEKTis, concerning; with re- 

ANEND8, J spect to. In the MS. 

Household Book of Henry Lord 

Clifford, 1510, there is mention 

made of an action ** on^niif the 

dean of York." 

And wee hombly bceeerh yoor highnes 
wee may knowe TOur Grnrea pleaiure 
bowe wee shall oraer oursehea anrmptt 
your grncea aayd cytie and raBtell. for 
our discharge. SUte Papers, ii, 204. 

And rieht tauntt him a doc snarling-^. 

B. J<m^ Alchem., act U. 

The king shall iitt tuiemptt hym, face to 
fare, in a chair prepared aa to his 
high estate aecordeth. 

RutUmd T§fen, p. 14. 

Aa K was borne towards the place, 
when the bearers came ajuynjt the 
aepolchre of her husband, king Malcolm, 
they were not able to remove the re- 
lykes any further. 
Rduuked, Hist, of Seal. ; JUxander, 9Sf7. 

Foure times the brazen horse, entring. 

stuck fast 
Jtunst the min'd guirdle of the towne. 

Heywood's Troja Britanmca^ p. 394. 

Jnenst tliis nartition there was greeces 
and Btayrea, down to the pkce of toom- 
sge, for messengers, he. 

UUm^sCoa. T.867. 





Of that dottn-cut we may hi chaiuee 
Anmt this vorld get covcraunce. 

Cunor Mundi, MS. Caniai., f. 141. 

AviOVBT,prep. Near i almost. Var, 

Anbrdk, t». {A,-S,) To adhere; 

dwell with. 
Anbrrb, V, (A.'S.) To draw near 

to ; to approach. 
Anerthe, adv. On the earth. To 

briny anerthe^ to bury, to inter. 
So that it was thorn hyre wjtb gret 

honour y-bore 
To the boosof Waltam, and j-hn^ianerthf 
there. Bob. Giouwi., p. 864. 

Anbs, (1) adv. Once. 

His herber her ones gan he ta. 
That was beffinyng of our wa. 

^auu and GawUh ^ 3015. 

M anes, at once. 

Botli patriark and prophete. 
All thanked thei God at anei. 


(2) adj. Just like; similar to. 
Aneg'tOf almost, except. 5b- 
Anes-kikes, "Xadv. (A,-S.) Any 
ANis-KiNES, J kind of; any. 

Wilhouten anisimes duelling, 
Sche gan Gregori to threte. 

Leg. ofPupt Gregory » p. M. 

Anbsal, 9. To nestle (?). A term 
in hawking. 

Tlien, when he is well reclemyd thertoo, 
ancsol hym to a xnalard. and when be is 
made unto a malard, lete oon have a 
tame malard, See. Be^. AtUiq., i, S99. 

Anet, 9. {A,-N.) The herb dill. 
Anbtbb, \advJA.'S.) Scarcely, 

ANETHT8, J See Urmeihe, 
Anetherb, v. {A,'S,) To depress. 

Rob. Gioue, 
Anbust, adv, (A.-S.) Much the 

Anew, adv. Enough. Var, dial, 
Anbwe, 9. To renew. 
Anbwsti prq>. Nigh; almost. 

Anby, adv. Enough. 
Aneyment, 9, (A.'N,) A plague ; 

an injury. 

And that thynge hys ase ich seyda her. 

Tbo ich ber-an gan worche,. 
The holy joynynge of God self 
And o£ al holy cherche, 

la tome, 
Of aponhoth thys tmeyment 
Looketh jon for hordome. 

miliam, de Skorekam, 

Aneyb, 9, {A.'N.) Aniseed. 
Anfald, adj, {A.'S, anfeald, one- 
fold.) Simple; single; one. 
Fader and Sun and Haligast, 
That mifald God es ay sledfast. 

Cursor Mundi, MS. JSdini. 
Jnftdd Godd I call on thee, 
Laverd loved in thnit6. 
To the mak I mi bon. 

MS. Cott., Vetp., A iii,f. 143. 

Anfbldtyhde, {A,'S.) a simple 

accusation. Skinner, 
Anfeeld, 1 «. {A,'S, anJUt,) An 
ANFZELn, J anvil. 
By this had Vulcan hammered his heate, 

and bod to stay 
The bellowes ; and he lymping ftom the 
tmfeeld thus did say. 

Warner's jlbUm's Bnghmd, 1S92. 

Anfractuous, adj, {Lat.) Wind- 
ing; crooked. 

Anfeactuosities, 9. (from Lai. 
anfraeiut.) Mazy and involved 
turnings and windings. 
\¥hich arteries, taking their riae 
from the left capaula of the heart, 
bringing through seTeral circuits, am* 
bages, and an/ractnosities, the vital 
spirits, to suhtiliie aud refine them to 
the wtherial purity of animal spirits. 

BabeUns, iii, 23. 

Ano, 9, The hairy part of au ear of 
barley. North, 

Angel, «. (1) A gold coin worth 
from about six shillings and 
eightpence to ten shillings. This 
word was frequently punned 

You foUow the young prince up and 
down like his ill-angel. 
Not so, my lord ; your ill angel is light ; 
but I hope he that looks on me will 
take me without weighing. IHenJV, i, 3. 

It appears from the following 
epigram, that a lawyer's fee was 
only an angtl: 

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Upam Jmm^s Marri€fie with « Lewytr : 
kaut M aa ugel, what if ao she be? 
What la ao mugH hot a UtnTer** fee ? 

Win Seenathm. 

(2) An ADgular opeailig in a bnild- 
iiig. fFiUiM's Architectural NO' 
nunciature, p. 52. 
AvGKi^-BBAST, «. A game at cards. 

This seDtlemaa offering to play at 
aafel-&m*t with *am. though he acarce 
kaoMT the canla, and has no more viaible 
eatate then what he may ioae at a 

SedUf, lUMiiaerry Garden, 1668. 

An6kl-bei>,#. a kind of Open bed, 
wilboQt bed'posta. PkUlqn, 

AxeEL-BRBAD,*. A pRFgative cake, 
Dade of spurge, ginger, flour, 
oatmeal, &c. 

AB6EUCA,t. A Species of master- 

AaroELiCAi^STOBB, 9. An alche- 
Bucal stone. AngeHeal-ufaier, a 
sort of perfume. 

A3IGBI.UZE, V. To raise to be an 

ISaii^ Satban cannot diine lo hright, 
asteetta'M D» Barto, pt 161. 

AjrsBixrr. (1) A small cheese 
brottght from Normandy. See 
Holme's Academy of Armory, 
ifc^ b. iii, p. 81, which he says 
is cords made of milk, cream, 
aod rennet, made into thin 

loar Hanoiini, and Faraiasan of Lodi. 
The Witt, iv, 1. 

Hflv to anfce an oM^dZr/.— Tkke a pint 
of rream, and doiUile the quantity of 
XBilk, pattittg to them a sznali quantity 
of rannct, and when it thicken*, take it 
vp with a apooa. and put it into a fat, 
there let it continae till it is rerj stiff, 
then aait iS;and when itii lO, let itdiy, 
aad at the end of three months eat it. 
The CUmi fffRantia, 1706. 

(2) A gold coin of the Taloe of 
half an angeL 
AxexL'a-rooD, t. Apparently a 
torn for heavy ale. Harri- 

son's Daer^tum qf England, 

p. 202. 

Anobb. (1) #. (^.-5:) Sorrow. 

**Jugyr or angwyuhe, angor, an- 

gustia,tribulacio." Promp. Parv, 

hwA sobreti ^ereth herre swete drynhe 

And aolaceth heere in aUe anqre*. 

Furt FU p. *71. 
And I sal lene to yow my ring, 
That es to me a ftu der thing : 
In nane aN^cr sal je be, 
WhUa ye it bare and thinket on me. 
itMUM and Gattim, 1. 1629. 

(2) An inflammation* 

(3) V. To anger. A provincial 
use of the word, but employed 
also as a verb by Shakespeare. 

Akgkrfull, adj. Enraged. 
— - it calls him pitifull, 
Repentant, jealous, fierce, and trnfftrfuH. 
Sghetter'i Du Bar tat, p. US. 

Anoerich, adv. Angrily. 

And angeriek I wandrede 
The Auatyns to prore. 

Fiert P/.. p. 466. 

Anobblt, 04;. Angrily. Shakctp, 
An6ild,«.(^.-5.) a fine. Skumer. 
Anginb, s. (/v.) The qninsey. 

[Hel knew the eold cramp, th' angint, and 
lunacy. S^hester, Du Barlas, p. 83. 

Angle, a. {A.'N.) (1) A comer. 
(2) An astrological term. 

Anglb-bbrbt, 9, A sore under the 
claw or hoofof an animal. North, 
See Anberry, 

Anolb-bowino. a method of fenc- 
ing the grounds wherein sheep 
are kept by fixing rods like bows 
with both ends in the ground, or 
in a dead hedge, where they make 
angles with each other. Dtvon* 

Anoledoo, 9. A large earthwonn. 

Anole-lkos, 9, Bent legs. 

This heaid, sir, play stil in her eyes. 

And be a dyiii^. lives, like flyea 

Canj$ht by their angle-trgt, and whom 

The torch laughs peece-meale to consume. 
Lowlae^t Imeattt, 1649. 

A146LB.TWITCH 1 1. (from Fr. 
ANGLB-TWACHB, ^onguiUe, an 
AnoLB-TovcH, J ccl.) Aucarth- 

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worm. Th«y are mentioned as 
being troublesome to Bick hawks 
by Lady Juliana Berners, and 
called tmgueUes, 

ANOt.RR,,«. One who begs in the 
daytime, observing what he can 
steal at night. A cant word. 

Anolst, 8, {FrJ) A little comer. 

Angnail, 9, A com on the toe. 
Cumberl. See AgnaiL 

Anoobbr, 9, A sort of hrge and 
long pear. Diet, Ruat. 

Angoras, «. An anchorite. 

Angromb, V, {J,-S», from an and 
ffremian,) To grieve ; to torment. 

Angry, adj. Painful; inflamed; 

Angry-boys, «. A set of wild young 
men who delighted to commit out- 
rages, and pick up quarrels. They 
are often mentioned by the dra- 
matists of the time of James I. 

Sir, not so young, bat I have heard aome 

or the anffry boys, and seen 'em take 

tobacco. Ben Jon., Jlehem., iii, 4. 

Off by the oMfffy boyt, iat thy conversion. 

Get thee another nose, that will be pull'd 

""■ •- " • for thy conversion 


This is no ongry^ nor no roaring bey, bot a 
blustering boy. 

Grt€n*s Tu. Qu., 0. PL, vii, 26. 

Angry-watsr. a liquid of an in- 
flammatory nature arising from a 
sore, as in blisters from chafing, 
the skin not being broke. Nor- 

Angubllr,*. (Fr.) A kind of worm, 
mentioned by early writers, as 
being troublesome to sick hawks. 

Anouisbous, 1 a<{f. (^.-iV.) In 
ANGuisous, J anguish ; in pain. 

I was bothc anauishotts and trouble, 
for the peril! that I sawe dotible. 

Bom. qf the Rose, 1766. 

And fortherover, coutricioun schulde be 
wonnder sorwfnl and anffitissckous, and 
therfore givith him God pleiiily his 
mercy. Chaueer, rersane$ T. 

Anguyously, adv. (A,-N.) Pain- 

Ky wordes to her^ 
That bought hyiu oere. 
On croaae anamyousty. 

Anoussb, I. Anguish. 

I-nome for theofthe and i-demd 

Jnhonge hi were there. — 

And anhouye on the rode 

As thtt were Jhesu also. 

MS. Barl., 9STI, 1 14. 
O, swete leredv, wat the was wo^ 

Tho thy chyld was anhongo, 
I.taehed to the harde tre 

Wyth nayles gret and longe. 

. lv.(A..S.) 
Y, y to exalt ; 
SB, J vance. 

To raise; 
to ad. 




Hye nou to anhaniy us alle, and y nelle 

nojt be byhynde. Sdb. Clone., p. 198. 

Ther stont up a jeolumen, jejeth with a 

Ant hat out anJkek that al the hvrt her^e. 
Pol. Soi^g, p. 1&8. 
And told hem this vilanie. 
And seyd he wold hoiu an-iHgke. 
ArthoHr and MerHn., p. 88. 
Anhittb, V, (A.'S,) To hit; to 

Tlio kyng Arture a5en the brest y» fcTawe 
rorst ankytte. Rob. OUnte., p. 1S5. 

An-hond, adt. In hand, i. e., in 
his power. 

Me to wreken ve sdhul go 
or a treytour that is mi fo. 
That is y-oome up mi lond, 
Wer he thenketh to bring me an-kond. 

Anhovb, r. (>#..&) To hover. 

Aniente, 9. (A,'N.) To destroy; 

to annihilate. 

That wikkedliche and wilfalliche 
Wolde mercy aniente. 

Pien PI, p. a66. 
An-if, conj. If. 
AniQUtprep, Near. Skroptk. 
Anzght, adv. In the night. 
Tristretn to Ysoude wan. 
Anight with hir to piny. 

Sir Triitrtm, p. S33. 

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Anut, n^. (Lai. muS».) Imbecile 
from olda^e. 

AviiCABLB, adj\ (Ist.) Thtt may 
be endoved with life. 

Akimats, o^p. {Ui. amimaba.) En- 

I am tHiwtgit to mipuvlUDC jour pMxIe 
krdikip vith noste tertj dcsrret to 
CQBtTinie ny goode lorde in aoementiag 
the iiBges piode esthnacinn of me. 

Mtmasiie Letters, p. 141. 

Avnfs t. A white gum or resin 
brought out of the West ladies. 

Akimositb, t. (£«/.) BrsYerr. 

Anishj adv. Oa end; upright. 

"Mr. Jooes's hos reared an^, 

boat oprit." A Shropshire word. 

Moor gires it ts a Suffolk word. 
Axious, my. {A.'N.) Wearisome ; 

Ak-^kko, mey. {A.-N.) Angry. 

He mnk ftichard a»-ired, and bis mTkrlle 
■jlht. Pettr Lmtgt^, p. 151. 

AKJumDOOS, 9. Kitchen utensils 
for the spit to mn on. /. of 

AirKza, «. A measure of liquid. 
%et Anchor , 

Well dzink it oat of tbembr, my boys. 
Tk« BarUy-Uow Somg, n. d. 

AjruEK, a. (A.'SJ) An anchoret ; a 

hermit. See Anekor. 
AsKBRAa, a. A female hermit See 

Anki.1t, a. An ankle. WmtSiu$ex. 


He stod, sod totede in it a bold. 
Her he spok omiqn word 

MapeM, 2107. 
Am es fonueadon, a fleicbl^ synne 
Betvcno m amdtpm man and an aneUpv 
WOOMIL JH5. Ilkri., loss, f . ^. 

On icfa bdf thai smiteii kim to. 
And he Q^B to ben ateo ; 
5erer no vas anltm kni^t, 
That so maai stona mfclit. 



Tbat by ne take bits for bo naa. 
Bote mdeff lythr. 

mUimm d4 Skorekam. 

Aklab. See Anelact. 

Anlet, a. An annulet; a small 

ring; a tag, or piece of metal 

attached to the end of laces or 

points. Yorkth. 
Anlbth, b. {A.'S. amwSi, mmdwUt.) 

The Imc ; the countenance. 

To the mi kert laidc the tOKbt faee oiino, 

I ml teke larcrd to fnrr thme; 

Ne tnrne thine muUtk me fra. 

Ke hehle In wrath fra thi hiiir «wm. 

jr& a></.. f9»p^ D vii. f. 16 b. 

Anlicxk, v. (A.'S.) To liken ; to 

TliaeTTore hi byeth ««7ini«(/tothe iayle 
of the voxc, be hare Iwirat. and vor lis re 
betvykinfe. MS. JnntJrl, 57. i. 17 b. 

1 a. {A.-S.,anliene$.) 

Therefter vendeth onto ore larrdi «%• 
licue$$e and rneolith mit fire Areea; 
alait to the other innitn and to the 
relUces Inteth other mrrileth. 

MS. CoiLy CUofMtfu. C Ti, f. 9. 

AK1.T, «dj. {A,'S.) Solitary. See 

Am^rrmv, a. (A.-S,) Livelihood; 

snbitanoe. Venteffon, 
An LOTS, o. (A.'S.) To pay a share 

of charges, according to the cns« 

tom of the place. 3/i'naAm. 
kitvxuKLYD, pari.p. Enamelled. 

For the vycbe tbyng ichynis of dyrers 

flchynand ftill bry|tht ttftyn irold. 
They hongyd ftiU thycke on vike a party. 
An aniMMiWyi wonder rvdiely. 

THMd^, p. 04. 

Annabt, a. (Med. Lot. atmariut.) 
A yearly description. Fuller. 

AvvR 1 "• (^••^- *"*^' «»«»»•) 
unn; KD To give; to yield; to 
^^^*» J consent. 

Bohant that was there, 
To Mark hia tnle biftan ; 

" Wirt ye what Triitrem ware^ 
Miehe gode ye wold him on ; 

Tow owun softer him bare." 

Sir Trittrtm, f. i, gt 71. 

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Idi wuu hire wel, ant beo me wo, 
YchRoi hire frrnd, ant heo my fo. 
Me tbuncheth min herte vol breke atwo. 
For aorewe ant syke. 

lyrie Poetry, p. 40. 
Ich on «el ! ewath the nijtinnle. 
Ah, wranne, nawt for tbire tale. 

SuU and JinOmgaU, L 1738. 
(2) To wiah well to. 
Tristrem fpeke binn, 

"Sir king. God loke the. 
As 7 the love and an. 
And thou hast aerted to me.*' 

Sir Trittrtm, f. i, at 77. 

Anns, pnm. One. The objective 
case of on. 

Annsal, V, {J.'S.) (1) To heat 
anything in aach a manner as to 
give it a proper temper. This 
word is chiefly used by the 
blowers and workers in glass. 
'' He that doth aneale pottes or 
other vessels, inustor." Baret'i 
Ahearie, 1580. 

Item, a myter for a btahop at St. Nicholas 
tide, garnyihed with lylver, and aiulyd 
with perlf, and eounterfeyt stone. 

Churckwardeiu' Aecompts, p. 114. 

(2) To anoint. See Anele. 


^^'^'J late; tod 


The whiche thre thingesyehave nonght 
anntntiuched or destroyed, neyther in 
youre self ne in youre cbunseiloures, as 
ye oughte. Ckauetr, T. qfMcUbau. 

Annet, t, (A.'N.) The common 

gull. Northumb, 
Annett, «. First-fraits ? 

The L.6oTemaar,as touching the workes 
to be tnkcn in hand, noe nmnicion to 
be lookt for, with some occurances of 
the English and Spanish fleets ; for the 
coroinz up of Capt. Case, and touching 
Sir John Selby's meadow, Townsdale's 
amuU. JrehaoiogU, xxx, 169. 

Annbxmekt, $. Anything annexed, 

or subjoined. 
ANNiHiLED,/7ar/.p. Destroyed. 

Which els had been loop since atmikUedf 
With all other living things beside. 

Lo9ti Owle,lh96, 

Anntvbbse, «. (Fr.) An anniver- 


Be kept with ostentation to reherss 
A mortal princes birth-day. 
CoHtemplaiumt Moral and JXvint, 1676. 

Annot. It. {A,'N.) An annoy- 
ANKTB, J ance. 

For Helen's rape the city to destroy, 
Threat'oiug cloud-kissing Ilion with am 

Skak., Rape ^ Lucrec0, p. bi\. 

When his fair flocks he fed upon the downs, 
The poorest shepherd suffcrrd not tuuurv. 
IVay<->ifo<*6. p. 1414. 

How many ills do follow one anmtsf f 
Now merrily sail our gallant Oreekes to 
Troy. Peel€'»FafeufcU,15ii9. 

Ther nys lyves mon noon so nlygh 
That he neo tholeth ofte mony mmnwe. 
JU$amiuUr, L 1( 

Anoyitul, ad;\ Hurtful ; annoying. 
Anoiing, #. Harm. 

No might do with hir wicheing 

In Inglond non tmoHng. 

Arihaur and Merlin, p. 166. 

Anoious, a4/. Fatiguing; weari- 
some; unpleasant. 

Wlien driven with wordlie winds, his 
tt$unout business waxeth without raea> 
sure. Chaueer't Bo4tkius, SGO. 

Annotb, t. A note. 

In annote is hire nomc, nempneth hit noo 
Whose ryht redeth ronne to Johon. 

Lyrie Poetry, p. 26. 

Annuary, a^. {Lat.) Annual. 
Annublbr. a priest employed 

for the purpose of singing anni. 

versary masses for the dead. It 

is spelt annivolor in SJkelion, ii, 


In liondoon was a prest, sn anmuitr. 
That therin dwelled hadde many a vrr. 

Chaucer, Cant. T., 121M0. 

Annunciate, adj\ (LaL) Foretold. 

Lo Sampson, whiche that was im« 
By thangel. long er his nativity. 

Chaucer, Cant. T., 16601. 

Annt, adv. Only. NorthampK 
Annyle, «. Anise seed. Huioei» 
Ano, con;\ Also. Nnrth, 
Anodbb, adj. Another. "A pyx of 

sylver, anoder of laten." Invent,. 

MS. 15/A cent. 
Anoylb, V, To anoint. See Anele* 

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The bpihop mdeta ft to fbe eantct. 
Wcanae th«T iboald thcnhth munoyBt 
the sirk in the Mcnaent of ano^Hmg. 
Sir nomn Mw^t Worka, p. 481. 

Anotntb, r. To flfttter ; to deceiYe. 
A figmtiTe teose, as we should 
My to gresse a person. " I moynte, 
I diicevTc by flstteryngejlfoypit.'' 
Pabgra^, verb. 

ANonmo, adj. CMef; principaL 
*'An anomiid scamp.** Wett. 

Anoisauxce, a. A nuisance. 

Ancle, adt. Too ; aUo. Yorkih. 

A'fOHrifATioir.t. {Lai.) An opinion 
contrary to Law. 

He tbat adornes his vhole ontioD with 
BO Other trope bnt a sveetiabjecUon or 
la MomutiM. mar be thought a trim 
"HB ia the eanof the multitnde, but iu 
the jadgemcBt of the elegaat orators, he 
iM be knovn as mde in hia art <^ 
riKtorick, aa the batcher that acalded 
tlie calfe vaa in his craft of butcfaerr. 
.0H/. JiM., ii. 441. 

AvoMT, 9. {Gr.) Lawlessness. 
Axon, ad9.{\) What do yon say? 

yurkth. See ^noik 

(2) Instantly; immediately. 

Snw nudj, brother, aaid the feat amon. 

Matker BrnMenP* TmU, t ▼!. 

UmkarUt Ftrmmi. of KaU, p. 106. 

(3) Onwards. 

^h"^ ^ KorthnmberlODde kyiig was, 
ON Uk> kmde btxoode Hombre •non into 

(4) Anon, sir, is equivalent to 
the modern "coming, sir,*' the 
pbaie used by waiters in inns. 
Aa aader-akinker, who never spake 
etker Xaciiah in his life, than— omm, 
«w«.air. lir«uy/r,ii,7. 

AwoKDia, ado. {A.'S.) Under. 

Ta whTpmea to loode yede 
Tom tbe jle jn lenpthe and brede, 
Aad fette water aa hem waa node 
Ihe roebe anonJfr. 

OetamMM Tmpfratar, L fiSO. 

A^oici, "Xadv. At one time; in 
AiroMEN, /the first place. 
Axoxu,«ftr. Under. North. 

Akokbi oima, 1 aifo. (A.^S.) Iir 
AM AN at HT, J mediately. 

Efter ereaoBfr mnomrikt aifx^h owrr 
placebo ereriche niht hwon te bcnth 
eiae. MS. Cott., Nero. A xi?, f. 6. 

Srheo hette marcha] and knTgbtit 
GreTtheo heom to rrde aiumrv»tkti*. 

j. Ahsamnder, I. 170. 
He hadde in toon r. hundred kaiKbtea, 
He hem oCaeat an^nnhu$. 

Arlkour and Merlim, p. 86. 

AKO!n>, prep. Against; opposite. 

Anonzcion, i. (for ammtelion.) 

Anointing. Hardyng. 
AifomrwAa, adv. At unawares. 

Tho the Brytons come myd tbe priions 

The Bomerns come aien hnn al uncmyimr. 
Bok. aiamc., p. Hi. 

Amotb, dd9. Enough. 

^»o/A,damcaefle! anath Blaanchefloar, 
To aeome me is htri honour. 

jnorice and BUmmektfl. 

ANOTHn, adv. (J.^S.) Otherwise ; 

Al that therinne were, 
AI thai mide glade rhrre. 
And etc and dronke erbon wij other, 
Ac Florice thoo^te al another ; 
Etc ne drinke mi;te tic nou^t ; 
On BlanncheHour vm al hii thonjt. 
Floriet and Blauncktfi. 

Me je, qnaih the kyog, tho omotKer we 

aaolde do. 
That he ath y-nomewrth treaon we molde 

with maystrie. koi. of Oloue., p. 4l7- 

Anothbb*oaikxs, adv. Another 

sort of. 
ANOTHBa-OATES, odv. (J.^S.) A 

different kind; another sort. 


And hia bringing np anolker^aiss mar- 
ciage than such a minion. 

Zy/y'« Molhtr BombU, act 1. 

When Hndibraa, about to eater 
Upon anotktr-patet adventure. 
To Baipho calT'd aloud to arm. 
Not dreaming of approachinjr storm. 
jBttdibras,% iii, 488. 

AMOTHBB-aussfl, odv. Another 
sort of. A word in common use 

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in the Utter half of the 17th 

H' as been a atadent in the Temple this 
three yean, awlker-^kcu lellow than 
thia, I aasure you. 

Z)tir/«y. Madmn, FickU, 1682. 

AjrouoH» adp. Enough. We$i. 

That wende bare joie anough, 

Certos it nas nought so, 
Hrr M'cning was al wough, 

Untroveand til hrm to. 

Sir Trittrem, F. H. at Ivi. 

Amour, $. {A.-N. anor,) Honour. 

After him thou best emperour, 
God bath the don gret aiumr. 

Gy of Wano%ck9, p. 149. 

Anours, V. {A.'N, anorer,) To 

Thou ne anourest najt God aiyjt, 

Ac dest is onderlynges. 
Bvlef thou in no w^checnft, 

Ne ine none teliint^e. 

WilUam de Shonhtm, 

Anourbmint, 1 «. {A.'N.) 

I am tormentide with this blew fyre on 
my bcdc, for my leclieroune attouremeni 
or myne heere, ande other array ther 
one. Oesla Samanorum, p. 431. 

Anournb, V. (A.'N.) To adorn. 

Anow, adv. Enough. Wett, 

He keit the bor doun hawes anowt. 
And com himself doan bi a bowe. 

Sevyn Sagts^ 921. 

Anoward, adv. Upward; upon. 
Hearne explains it, ''thorough, 

And anoward his rug Air y-maked, 
And doih from tcre to xere. 

Jf5. Harl, 2277. f. 47. 
The hors hem lar anoward^ 
That hem thoagnt cbaunce hard. 

Arthourand MtrUti, p. 129. 

Anotlb, V, To anoint. 
ANOYMB2rns,«. The translation of 
iimat€9 in an early gloss., in ReUq. 
Antiq,^ U 8. 
Anotntment, t. An ointment. 
Anott, t. Trouble ? 

That other branche ftd np^t goyt 
To the lytil fyogere, without anoft. 

BtUi.Jniiq,,i, 190. 

Anparsb. The character &. Hie 
expression and per «e, and, to 
signify the contraction dc, and 
substituted for that conjunction, 
is often found in nursery books, 
more especially In alphabets, such 
as the one commencing, ''A, 
apple-pie." Sometimes spelt 
anpaasy, and anpatty. 

An PYRE, t. Empire^ 

Anrednbssb, i. {A,'S,anradn£ue.} 
Unity of purpose. 

AN's-AfE. I am afraid. TorltJk. 

Ansamplb, «. An example. 

Ansel, «. A corrupt orthography 
for hanseL 


number of persons are assembled 
at a table where the provision is 
scanty, and each one is almost 
obliged to scramble for what he 
can get, it will often be observed 
by some one of the party, that 
they never in all their life saw 
such antkum'tetanckitm work. 
Ansinb, It. {A.'S. anaifn.) Ag^ 
ONSiNE,/ pearance; figure. 

Not no moil so muchel of pise, 
Aa povre wii that falleth In ansine. 


Yor nis of ow non so kene 

That durre abide mine onseng. 

Tk€ HuU and the Nntingale, 1. 1694w 

Ansxacht, \s, (Oerm,) A sud- 
ANBLAroHT, J den attadc; asuv- 

I do remember yet, that onHaigki, thou 

wast beaten. 
And fledst before the butler* 

Betutm* ltd Fl., Mans. Thmmt^ ii, S. 

Anblet, V, (fV.?) An article of. 
dress in the latter part of the 
14th cent. Some MSS. of Chan, 
cer read hanteUnet. 

Upon that other syde, to speke of the 
horrible disordinat scantnes ot elothinf^ 
as ben these cutttd sloppis or muleU, 
that thurgh her schortnes ne corereth 
not the schamfoi membre of man, to 
wiekid entent. Chauc^r^ Fartonet T, 

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AsjftUAE^lc. ToiMwer. MSS. 

AnancB, J of Utk end htgbmiMf 

fflUh cent, 
AH3TtiKi>, V. To wHbtUncL Ab&. 

A5S0Bn, 9. An answerer. 
ixsvKB, (1) 9. To encooBter at a 


(2) To answer a door, to open 

it when soy one knocks. 

(3) «. Retaliation ; requiUL 

^' (I) Am not. Dewm. 
(2) com/. And. Common in If SS. 
of the reign of Edward II. 
ne Ijfie Vamam is ant \oo%, 
wiik liebe me m/ rode among. 

Zjrn« Poetry, p. 83. 

AswM, «. (1) A church, A cant 
<«ni. An antem-morle, " a wyfe 
Buzied at the churcbe, and they 
be as chaste as a cow." Brii. 
BUL, ii. 520. 
(2) Aa anthem. 

^VAn,M.{Ut,) A tasting be. 

^snniHs, a. An aatiphon. 

A«n»0H«,». (X«/.) To prefer; to 

A^^nas, (1) eoiy. In cas« that. 

(2)«. Adfcntiirea. Nortkf See 

AsTc-nME, a.. A .te.xt or motto 
^«ni at the head of a theme or 
<<iKome. SkeliwL, 

AsTiviaT, r- (I«^-) To avert. 

A*T«ATa, f . An occasion. Skvmer* 

A»T«. And the. A'or/A. 

AniHosnr.KUT,*. The hladder^Ht, 

A*nioyr-pi«, a. The favoarite or. 
«»Ueit pig of the litter. Kent. 
''To (jbOow hke a tantoay pig/' 
to foOow dose. The friars of 
f^rtain conTeats of St. Anthony, 
IB E&glaad and France, are said 
to bsTC eqojed the priYilege of 
^*^ th^ swine feeding in the 

streets. These would follow any 
one for food; and it was con- 
sidered an act of chanty and 
religion to feed them. St. An- 
thony was invoked for the pig. 

AsfTBONT's-rimSy a* A kind of 

AKTaaopoMANCT, a. (Or,) Divi- 
nation by the entrails of men, 


high.sounding word put by 
Shskespeare in the mouth of a 
swaggerer. M^rry Wivn qf 
Windsor, iv, 5. 
Amticipatblt, «fo. By anticipa- 

What onx Lord did intend to beatow on 
aU paaion, that be did anUdpoMy pnn 
mile to iiim. 

Smrrow, Of the Popta Suprnuiejf. 

Antick, (1) adj. Old. 

(2) An antimasque. Fqt^b 

fVitrks, i, 440. 
A^TicKLT, atfa. In an aatiekmai. 

Go ontickliftKDd thaw an outward hideona* 
ncM. Much Ado about Kotking, t, i. 

AMTicKa, a. (1) Odd imagery and 

AU bar'd with goMcn bandea, which were 

With curiona aiUitkcs, and fiiU «fayre 

aaauyid. Sp^ F. Q^ II. iii. 27. 

(2) Aetors are sometimes termed 

cfif icia. 
Antikb, adj. Grotesque. 
A foole defonn'd, a brutish cursed eraw. 
In body like to antikt work devised 
Of monstrous shape, and of an ugly hew. 
Harr., Ario»t^ vi, 01. 

AirricOBf la. A swelling on a 
AKTOCow, j horae'a breast, oppo- 
site to the heart. 

Amtidotart, aty. Having the 
qualities of an antidote. 

Antibmts, a. Ancestors. 

ANTiLLoaDiB, a. {LaiJ) A preface ; 

Therefore I will rehearse to this antiUoqme, 

But only the oognisannce which appeuyth 


Bokuf'i Fall ofSebemoH, p. 7. 





ANTiMA8au£, t. A contrast to the 
principal matgue, a ridiculoas 
interlude, dividing the parts of 
the more serious masque. It 
appears to have been distinguish- 
ed by extravagance, and was 
usually performed by actors hired 
from the theatres ; whereas the 
masque itself was more usually 
acted by ladies and gentlemen. 
It resembled the exodia of the 

Let anti-maiki not be long, therbave 
been commonly of fools, tatyrt, baT)oons, 
wild men, mntique*, beasts, spirits, 
witches, Ethiops, pigmies, turquets, 
nymphs, rustics, cupids, statnas moving, 
and the like. As for angels, it is not 
comical enough to put tnem in mUi- 
maths ; and aiiy thing that is hideous, as 
devils, giants, 'is on the other side as 
unfit. But chiefly let t^e mnsick of 
them be recreative, and wiih strange 
changes. Some sweet odours suddenly 
coming forth, without any drops falling, 
are in such a company, as there is steam 
and heat, things of great pleasure and 
refreshment. JJocom, Bs$oiy 87. 

TlMi. What are yon studying of Jocastus, 

Jo. k rare device, a masque to entertaine 
His grace of Fairy with. 
Tkest, A masque? what i'st? 
Jo. An anti-ma$iit9 of fleas, which I have 

Tb dance currantoa on a spider's thread. 
Mop. An anti'tMMqMC of fleas? brother, 

me thinks 
A masque of birds were better, that could 

The morice in the ayre, wrens and rob- 

bin -redbreasts. 
Linnets, and titmice. 

Randolph's AminUt, IMO. 

Antinomies, «. Rules or laws op- 
posite to some other rules or 
laws deemed false and having no 
Antioche, 9. A kind of wine, per- 
haps brought, or supposed to be 
brought, from Antioch. 
Aniioehe and bastarde, 
Pymeut also, and gamarde, 

Squyr of Lows Degri, 757. 

Antipbristasis, 9. {Gr,) Ex- 
plained as " the opposition of a 
contrary quality, by which the 

quality itopposes becomes height- 
ened or intended." Used by 
Amtiphonbr, t. {A,'N.) A kind 
of psalm-book, containing the 
usual church music, with the 
notes marked, and so called from 
the alternate repetitions and re- 
Antiphons, $. (Cfr.) Altemmte 

In atUiphotu thus time we female plaints. 
O. PL, Tii, 487. 
ANTiauART, adj. Old; andent; 

Instructed hj the taiHfwuy time. 
He must, he is, he cannot but be wise. 
TVoilui and Crtssida, ii, & 

ANTiauB,ad)'. Ancient. Accented 
on the first syUable. 

Show me your image in some ii»/»f«wbook. 
Skakap., Amm , 59. 

Not that great champion of the tmticns 
world. Spen.^ I, xi, S7. 

ANTiauiTT, t. Old age. 

Antlb-bebr, adv. Crosswise ; irre- 
gular. Exmoor. 

Antling. a corruption of Anto- 
nine, a saint to whom one of the 
churches in London is dedicated, 
which is often called Si. Ant^ 
lvng*9 by the older writers. 

Anto. If thou. YorktK. 

Antpat, adj. Opportune ; apropos* 

ANraE, (1) «. {Lat. OR/rvm.) A 
cavern, or den. 

Wherein of anlra vast and desarts idle, 

Bouffh quarries, rocks, and liilla whoae 
heads touch heaven. 

It was my hint to speak. 

Skakup., OtkeUo, i, 8. 
(2) V. To adventure. See 

kvTKESB% prett. t. He adventures. 

Antrums. Affected airs; whims* 
"A's in as antrwnt this oiorQ. 
ing." Suffolk and Cheah. The 
more usual expression is tan-m 

Antul. An thou wilt; if thou 
wilt. Yorksh. 





Axt-wabt, t. A lort of wirt, de^ 
scribed in the iVbiif«iid^or( 1585) 
as being deep-rooted, hroaid be- 
lov, and little above. 

AyrwHiLx, adp. Some time ago. 

AjfTT-TUMF, *. Ab ant-hill. Heref, 

AyuAi^ M. {Lai.) A chrooicle. jSi- 

Ancdobr, ad/. Another. N9rtk. 

Anukl, «. {A.'N.) An annuitj; 
particularly one paid to a priest 
for keeping an anniyersarj. 

Aod hentea, gif I migfaie. 
An mmmel for myne owen uc^ 
To kclpcn to dotbe. 

iPS«rr Tt, p. 475. 

AiruKDSR, 1 ^ft>p.(^.->5'.) Benemth. 

Awoifosft, J CwM^. To keep any 

one at ammder, to keep them 

IB a subordinate or dependent 


Ten tdiypnen to londe yede, 
To ic the jle yn lengthe mnd bredo, 
Aad f etie water u hem was nede 
The roche «ao*i^irr. 

Oeiommt ImfenUr, 5S0i 

A3SjntT,pnp. Opposite; against 
This old word exists in Lowland 
Scotch, and is current in the 
dialects of Yorkshire, Cheshire, 
Herefordshire, Shropshire, Wilt- 
shire, and Worcestershire. 

Anuost. Near to. ffegL See 
Jemunfs, p. 185. 

Axrav, 9. To honour. 

AxuaTBB, ad9. On the earth. 

Akut, t. (A^N.) Annoyance; Tex- 

Aid to the eontri that je beoth of, 
Sotbe fc scholle vende, 
Al caefaeh witbonte * hmt, 
Aad there youre lyf eadfe. 

jr&i7er<., 8977. £ 46 b. 

^^ U.(^.-M) To annoy; 

Meek me mmnea 
That m drvhl dnrilh. 

BOiq. Jmtiq^ ii. SIO. 

Ihe waa alle the court Mgra^ 

Ac mi lorod viteth mi ioule vel. 
That thn hire nojt ne spilie. 
For tha ne mijt mid al ihi mijte 
JMmg4 hire «orth a flUe. 


Tor thai hadde the ooantr4 oaumMd, 
And witb robberie dcatnred. 

Snjfn, SagUt MIS. 
Aliaamidxe eeaM vat ; 
Over the table he fon ttoope. 
And smot LiAaa with the conpe. 
That be feol duun in the flette. 

K$n§ Aluamtdtr, 1103. 

Antclt, la. {j4.'S.) An anTil. 
ANViLD, j See Anfetid, 

Upon hia oHttU ap and dovm, 
Therof he toke the Ante lovne. 

Itr*m€ <^ CUmetr, IIU. 

And in eche hande a preate haoMr. 
and thenrith they imtte upon a eji- 
tUd4. VirgiiimM, p. 26. 

Aktkmpns, v. To enveoome. 

CoMn/ry Mfsteri€9, p. 75. 
Amtil, #. (1) The handle or hUt 

of a sword. Shaketp. 

(2) A narrow flag at the end of 

a lance. Meyrick, 
Anwaepb, v. To warp. Mhukeu, 
Anwkalo, «. (A.'S.) Power; au- 
thority. Skinner. 
Anworo, t. {A.'S.) An answer ; a 

reply. VerBtegan, 
ANXiriRouB, adj. {Lai,) Causing 

Ant, a^^'. Either; one of two, or 

of more. 
Anymob, la. {A.'S.) Union. See 

OMTNOB, ] Ane. 
Amy SOT, #. A fool. Prompt, Parv. 
Amttbink. Anything. " Like 

anytkhUk agen,'* exceedingly. 

Antwhbn, ad9. At any time. '* I 
can come anywhen after this 

Antwhilb, adv. At anytime. 

Antwhithbb, ado. To any place. 

Dor. Do yoa forbid hia coming, or I go. 
AtMt. Go? whither? 

Dor. Jmgwkitka-f madncM oe're wanta a 

Moumtfart, Qr o mme k Tmk, 16»1. 

d by boogie 




AoL'RNED, pjr^;?. Adorned. 

So that he that tofore wente clothed in 
clothes of golde and of sylke, and 
aounud wyth precyons stones in tlic 
cyl6. ntaPatruvhtOe. 

AoY, adv. High. OUme. 

Apayb, 1 V. (A.'N.) To pay, sa- 
APPAY, J tisfy, or content. " Well 
apaid, glad; ill apaid, sorie.*' 
Rider's Dietionarie, 1640. 

Therwith was Perkyn apayed, 
And preised licm faste. 

Fiers Ploughnutn, p. 138. 

Till thou hare to my trusty ear 

Committed what doth thee so ill apny. 

Spena.^ Daphuaida, 69. 
So only can high justice rest appaid. 

Milton, F. L., xii, 401. 
Th* nnweloome netrea seeme welcome to 

his eares. 
And yet he wishes they awhile had staide; 
That the vil'd deed is done, he glad ap- 

Tet in hia gladnea, he seemes ill apaid. 

Great Britainet Troye, 1609. 
Apaisb, adv. In peace. 

Tho thai were al at aifte, 
Ich went to his in apait^. 

ArthoHT and Merlin, p. 87. 

Apaltd, part, p. Depressed ; dis- 
coin-aged ; appalled. 

Apalled, part. p. Wearisome; 

Thanne cometh nnderoctoun thurgh 
winch a man is so blunt, and as saith 
seint Bernnrd, he hath such a langour 
in soule, that he may neyllier rede ne 
svn«re in holy chirclic, ne hcerc ne 
thill ke on devocioun lu holy cliirche, 
ne travsyle with his hondes in no good 
werk, that nys to him unsavory and al 
apmlUd. Chaucer, Persone* T. 

Ap AS, prep. Upon. 

Apakink, ». (Fr.) The name of a 

plant ; clivers. 
Aparseivk, r. To perceive. 

Tlie burgeis aparaeived of his wire, 
Fele nightes was j^on him tram, 
And in the daw vrnf? aven sclie cam. 

The Sev'yn Sages, 1. 14S4. 

Aparti, adv. Partly. 
Apahtlik, adv. {J.^N.) Openly. 

Monastic Letters, p. 179. 
Apast, \part, ». Passed. 

Apaybre, v. (A.'N.) To impair. 

Ape, (1) r. To attempt? 

And that sche nere so michel ape 
That sche hir laid doun to sLipe. 

Arthour and Merlin, p. 33. 

(2) t. A fool. To put an ape 
into a person's hood or cap, or, 
to put on his head an ape, to ma k e 
a fool of him. Tyrwhitt con. 
aiders " win of ape," in Chaucer, 
to be what the French called 
vin de singe. 

Haha I fclaws, be war for such a iape. 
The monk put in the mnnnes hood an ape. 
And in his wyves eek. bv Seint Austyn. 

Chaucer, Cant. T., 14850. 

Tlius was the ape 

By their fair handling put into Maliirrco's 
cape. Spenser, F. Q., Ill, ijc, 81. 

And thus sche maketh Absolon hir ope. 
And al his emest torneth to a jape. 

Chaucer, Cant. T., 3389. 

To lead apes in hell, said of a 

woman who lives and dies 


I must dance barefoot on her wedding day, 

And, for your love to her, lead ape* in IkeU. 

Shakeap., Taming of Shreuf, it. 1, 

But 'tis an old proverb, and yoa know il 

That women, dying maids, lead apes in A ell 
Ltnukm Frediffal, i, 2, 

Not to know an ape from az 
apple, to be very ignorant. 
Cnlrnlated according to art for t1i< 
meridian of]^nglHnd; and may. withc»u 
sensible error, sen'e for any other coxin 
try besides, where they do' 
an ape (torn an apple, or a B from a but 
iledore. Poor Bobin^ 17 U7 

To say an ape's patemoater^ u 
chatter with cold. 

Apece, a corruption of abect 
The alphabet. Prompt. Part>. 

Apeched, jMir/. p. Impeaclied. 
And asone as he came, he was nrot «• 
and apeched of hye trfjsone, Uu.t L 
Bchulil help*: the erle of Uxeiiforde. 

fFarkioorth'a Chronicle, p 2 

Apeire, V. (^.-iV.) To impair. Sc 
And thanne yonre negbeboree next 
Ls none wiie apeire, Fiers 1*1., p. \ 

d by Google 

APE 83 

Afkl, 9. {A.N.) An old term in 
hunting mDsie,coDsistiDg of three 
long moots. 

Apeltt, pmri. p. Called ; nftmed. 

Apekds, v. {A.-N.) To append ; 
10 apperUin ; to belong. 

Tl;as the pore pcple is nntounde, 

Teej ■ajmdie pute t'en shuutd mpmd*. 
Pkmmam't T»U, L 2606. 

Arvsioum, #. Opinion. 

A?EB.B, V. To appear. 

Aperement, m. An injnnr ; a mis- 
chief. " Jperement, pejoracio/' 
Prompt. Parv., MS.Harl, 221. 

ApERv, t. An apron, jippam is 
itijl the form in Shropshire, ap- 
peron or i^ppren in the Northern 

Apsrnke, «. One who wears an 
apron ; a drawer at an inn. 

We lucre do wine here, mcUsiokfl ; 
Wliere's tlin a^entrrf 

Ckapman'M May Day, Iffll. 

A-PlR-8*. See J. 

Apert, «ff. {A^N.] (1) Open; 


(2) Bold; free; pert 
APKRTB,t. {A,'N, t^ferie.) Conduet 

in action. 

For vUehe the k3Fii« hym had ay ifter in 

Cobs^deryngireli hisknishtlT aperU, 

BardgMg'* Ck^cU, f. 1«. 

t^^-'}(^.-M) Openly. 

Apertiok, «. {Lat.) A passage ; an 

Apertksss, a. Franknesa; open- 

Apert, «. An ape-hoote. 

And iraw to ply thy b oke as nimbly m 
ever thoa didst tby muter's «p<yy, or 
lUe hsaty i«alting horse 

Jfollo Skroring^ 1897, p. M. 

ApBSKf, w. (^.-iV.) To appease. 
ApzTiTKLr, a<fv. With an ap- 
ApR.WAn»,«. A keeper of apes. 

Jor 1, quod an mpe^ioard. 
By saghi that I kan knovp. 



APBTmB, ». (le/.) To open. 
Apbtebmbnt, *. (A.-N.) Injury. 
Apbyrin QBs, a. Losaes. 
A-FicKPACK, adv. Astride on the 

back. See A-pifpa-baek. 

There's k speech for yoa, riioo'd^yM 

make inch a one in the emate houae. 

ve ihnuld hare yon brought home 

m^ekpmck in tnnnipb. 

FtoraTt Va^tim, IffJO. 

ApfBCB, e^. To each. North. 
AlPibcbs, adv. To pieces. Suf, 

NaT, if we faint or fall mpuee* nov. 

"We're fo-)!*. 

Beaum. aaJ FT., Islamd Frinca*, r, 1. 

ApiBs, a. Opiates. 

As be shaH slepe as long as er the Ir^te, 

The nnrrri'vikfi and apt ft l»rn so •tion,;. 

Chancer, Leg. of Uypermnettra lu». 

A-piooA-BACK, adv. Carrying a 
child on one's back, with his 
le^s nnder the anus, and his 
anus round the neck. Var. diaL 

Apis, a. A kind of apple-tree, in- 
troduced about the year 1670. 

Api8HNBSs,a. Playfttlneu ; game- 

Apistille, r. An epistle. 

A-pisTY-POLL, adv. Carrying a 
child with his legs on the shoul- 
ders, and arms round the head. 

A- PLACE, adv. In place. Gmoer, 

A-FLAT, adv. Rat down. 

Aplight, adv. {A,-S,) Certainly; 
truly ; entirely. 

Hidor th«i come be mone-litt, 

X. Bdufard and tha Shepkard. 
Non is Edward of Camanran 
King of Engeiond al aplyhf. 

Political S<mffM,^.24/i. 
The child yede tobedde anight. 
And ros arlirhe amorewen aplight. 

Sntyn Sages {Weher), 203. 

Aplustbe, a. {Lat.) The small flag 

of a ship. 
Apltn, a. pi. (A.'S^) Apples. 
Apock, a. A small red pimple. 

Apodttekt, a. (Gr.) A vestry. . 

d by boogie 


NT, adv. At point. 

SON, V. To poison. 

.Lo, 9. A name for a ban- 

eting room. 

moved slowly towards the sultnti's 
Ijice, all the way pHssing through a 
ck or file of archers and niusqueiiers 

either side doubled, and being 
[hted, usherd him into his ApoUo, 
ere upon rich carpets was plac'd a 
it and costly banquet, 

Herber>*s IVaw/*, 1638. 

,OOBTIK,«.( Gr.dTToXoy ijriicoc.) 
I apology. 
'» P^^' Upon. 
iTED, adj. Tainted. Dorset. 
UAK, «. A kind of herb, men- 
nedinthe ArchaoL, xxx,404. 
LET, pari, p. {A.-N.) Made 
or ; reduced to poverty. 
EN, t^. To demand. This word 
:urs in Sicinner's Etymolo- 
m, 1671. 

TATA, 9. (Lat) An apostate. 
TEM, f. {Gr.) An abscess, 
joyful casual violence may break 
dauircrous apostem in tby breast. 
Donne't Frogreuqflhe Soul, ii, 479. 
medicine or salve that maketh an 
MUnu^ or drawetli a swelliug to mnt- 
Nomenclator^ 1585. 

iTEMATioN, t. An impos- 


iTHUME, 9, All imposthume. 

'ompt. Parv, 

ITfLHBED, 9. ApOStlcship. 


(TiLLB, 9, (Lai,) A marginal 


ITLE-8P00N8, ». SpOOnS of sil- 

r gilt, the handle of each termi- 
ting in the figure of an apostle, 
ley were the usual present of 
)nsors at christenings; rich 
)n8ors gave the whole twelve ; 
>se in middling circumstances 
ve four ; while the poorer sort 
en contented themselves with 
J gift of one, which bore the 
ure of some saint in honour 
whom the child received its 
DDe. It it in aUusion to this 

84 APP 

custom, that, when Cranmer pro- 
fesses to be unworthy of being 
sponsor to the young princess, 
the king replies, "Come, come, 
mv lord, you*d spare your 
9p'oon9" Shake9P't Hen. VIII, 

And all this for the hope of two apostl^ 
spoont, to ButFer I and a cup to eat a 
caudle in ! for that will be thy lepc;r. 
B. Jons., Bartk. Fatr, \, S. 

Apostolione, 9. An ingredient, 
a{)parentlv a herb, mentioned in 
ati old medical MS. In another 
there is a long recipe to make an 
apostoliconey composed of frank- 
incense, alum, &.C. 

Apostrofation, t. Apostrophe. 

Apozemb, t. {Gr. Airo^ffsa, a de- 
coction.) A drink made with 
water and divers spices and 
herbs, used instead of ayrup. 

Appaibe, Tr. (J.-N.) (1) To 
APPEYRB, J impair, make worse, 
or bring to decay. 
His neyuheboures ful of envy, liia 
feyncd frcendes that seniede recoun- 
sifed, and his flatereres, mnden «en\. 
blaunt of wepyng, and appmred and 
airgrrgged rooclie of this matiere, in 
pniisyng gretly MeliW of might, of 
power, of riches, and of firenues, de- 
spisinee the power of his advervaries. 
Chaucer, T. of MeUb€Ma 

What mendeth it you though tliat we hot I 
apaire / Chaucer, Tr. /• Cr., lib. u. 1. 329 

So well it maye with rethorike terme 

Wlii'che by my aimplenes I would not we 
appaired. Harding'* Chron,, f. 5] 

Gentlewomen, which feare neithe 
Sonne, nor winde, tor apptdring tUei 

Sir Tkomae Blyofs Oovemor, p. 61 
But if 1 should so presume. I iuij;1 
apayr it; for it was right wel an 
cunnvngly made, and traiislatyd ini 
ryght good and fayr Englishe. Ceu-r^j 

Himself goes paUhed like some bare co 

Lest he might oogbt the future sto< 
appeyre. Bp. HalPs S»/.. iv. 

(2) To be brought to decay. 

d by Google 




AH tkA Ijytih anaifretk fute. 

HMckimt's OU Flays, i, 88. 
He WM of honest oonrcrBmaon and 
pore iiil(f ritie, no kno«cr of eril, and 
■ kepcr of all goodne*, a dispiser of al 
tfavBpes wbfch vere wonie to cause 
tke nTndes'of mortall nicnne toshde 
or mffiure. HaU, Edward, IF, fol. 34. 

Appals, 1 v. To torn anythiog to 
APPALLS, /ft pftle colour. 
Jlire lisle DOC appaUed for to be, 
2soc aa tJie morwe unfesUiche for to see. 
Ckameer, Cant. T., 1(«79. 

Appalls, ».(-rf.-iV.) To discourage; 
to terrify ; to appease : it is also 
used as a neuter verb, to be 
terrified; to grow mild; to be- 
come weak ; to faiL 
This disromfltnFe so amazed the wittet, 
and appclJed the hartes of the nieane 
Gascons, that ibei offered many touues 
to the French part. 

Hair^ Chrom^ Henry Ft, f. 79- 

her misshaped parts did them appali^ 

1 bathly, vhnkied hag. 

Sp€fU€r, F. Q., I, Tiii, 4«. 
Aad to the cuppe ay took I hcc de and cnre 
>Qf ilui the drynke appalU slioMe nosrht. 
^iriie never shall igppallm in my nimde. 
But alvays £resli been in myne menione. 
Frolog 9U to ilvrie of Thebct. 

Appalbmekt, a. Consternation. 

Appasailc, t». i^d.^N.) To equip ; 
to furnish. 

Appajlancis, #. id.'N.) Appear- 

Wliose lained jrestnrea doe entrap onr youth 

'Kith an apparancie of simple truth. 

Browne's Brit. Fast., i, Bonc 2. 

Apparatb,#. Apparatus. 
AppARATORf a. (Aa/.) A seijeant; 

a beadle. 
Bailifis, promoters, jailors, and apparafors. 
ne Mn*e» Loohng-glest, i, 1. 

AppAKBiL,a. {A.-N.) A word which 
Skinner inserts in his glossary of 
law terras, with the following 
explanation : ** Integra ration um 
snbductio, item summa totius 
deliiti, qu« rationibus subscribi 
lolet." The sum at the bottom 
of an account, which is still due. 

Apparxmsktxs, Omamenta. 

AppARB>'CE,t. (if.-iV.) An appear* 

That is to sarn. to make illiisinn 
By Bwichc an apparenc^ or juicierip. 

LLiuctr.Caut. t., 11377. 

Appasbkted. part. p. Made appa- 
rent. Holimhed, 

Appariblynok, a. A symbolical 
meaning ; an allegory. 

To thys ordrr croun** bet 
y» an mpparubluHf/e, 

Tlirt hvs 111 liolv rlii-rrhe y.eleped vel 

The inrsle sellers ntfc 

' Ol rlf rke ; 
Clrrke hys to segjcc an fcjiL'^srh. 

Eyr orCcMles werke. »\ de SAoreiam. 

Apparysshandb, a4/. Apparent; 
brilliant. Caxton. 

Apparitions, t. {A.-N.) Appear- 
ances. Applied especially to the 
appearance, or supposed appear- 
ance, after death, of departed 
spirits; yet sometimes, at in 
Sliakespeare, understood literally. 

As this wicked people were strangrrsto 
thiir God ID their ronvcrsHtion. •<> was 
G«m1 trrrmn a stranger to iLcm lu his 

Buhop HaWs Contemplations, p. S. 

1 have niark'd 

A thousand blunhin^ appariiions 
To start into her /ace. 

Muck Jdo alHfut yothing, i?, 9. 

Appasb, ad». Apace ; in pace. 
An actnarie, clarke or scribe, that wri- 
teth oues wordes eppuse as ihuy are 
spoken. A'ummclator, lobb. 

Appas8ionatb,o. To have a passion 

Appassionatbd, adj. Violently 

stedfast; obstinate. 

Tlic said Gower rcmnincd appassionated 

in the opinion of the Popt's suprfnuiry. 

Letter in Stripe's Jnnals, iii, 135. 

Appbach, ». (^.-M apeicher.) To 

impeach ; to accuse. 
Bifore this yonge prophete this preost go 

Lnd he 1 

And he him apecked sone, with chekes wol 
paie. Husan, st. xxiv. 

Now. by mine honour, by my life, my troth, 
I will appeack ibe viUain. 

K. Bichard II, r, 3. 





Oeortre Annstronge was pardoned to the 
eiide he shotilde appeache the residue, 
which he did. 

HoUiuheiFs Hist. ofSrotUutd, p. 441. 

Appearance, t. Ao apparition ; a 
vision. The word in this sense 
occurs in Rider'$ Dictionaries 

Appecememtes, t. Impeachments. 

Appeyre. Sec Appaire, 

Appeirbmbnt, 9, {A.-N.) An im- 
pairing; diminution. 

To the gretc appeiremeiU of his most 
royalle estate, nnd enpoverisshyng of 
hym nnd allc his true eommona and 
anbjettis, and only to the enrichyn^re of 
themself. MS. Mkm., IIGO. 

Appel.leaf, ". {A.^S. €^eUleaf.) 

The violet. 
Appblte, adp. Haply. 

ApPELEN, 1 , / ^ o\ * 1 

appelynJ'-^''(^-'^-) ^PPl««- 

— — the moappeUn the tree hereth, the 
more sche boweth to the fullL 

Romanee qf the Monk, MS., fol. 3 b. 

Appellacion, 9. {A,-N,) An ap. 
peal from an inferior to a supe- 
rior court. 

This sentence shall never be repelled, 
ne it may not be apnelled, for the 
appelUuyt/n sliail nerer be receyved. 

Golden Legend, fol. 5. 

Appblunk, f. A dish made of apples 
and other ingredients. See a 
receipt for making it in Warner , 
Aniiq. Culin.t p. 89. 
Appends, r. {A.-N,) To belong; to 
appertain to. See Apende, 
Tel me to whom, madame, 
That treaoor appemletk. 

FUre PL. y. 17. 

Appjsnb, r. To happen. Wark- 
worih*9 Chron., p. 2. 

Appbnnaoe, *. (Fr.) That which 
is set apart by princes for the 
support of their younger children. 

Afpbrcbive, r. (A.-N.) To per- 
ceive. See Aperceive. 

Appbrceitiko, 9. Perception. 

5 APP 

Appbre, V, (A.-N.) To deck out 

to apparel. See Appaire, 
Apperil, 9. Peril. Middteton an< 
Ben Joneon. 

Let me stay at thine apperil. 

Timon of Athens, i. S 

Appertainment, #. The circum 
stance of appertaining to. 

APPERTINAUNT,/Mr^ a. Belongiii 
to. An astrological terra. 

Appertyces, t. {A.'N,) Dexteri 

Grete strokes were amy ten on hot! 
■ydes, many men overt firowen. hurt 
and atayn. and grete valyauncea. pr^.v 
esses Hiid auperlyce* of wcrre wert tii; 
day shewed, wliiche were over loii^ i 
recounte tlie noble featea of tvcry nut 
Morte d* Arthur, i, 1 » 

Appese, V, (A.'N.) To pacify. T 
appe9e one's self, to become pac 

And TulUos saith : Ther ia no th\t%^ i 
coniendnlile in a {cret lord, as whan 1 
is debonaire and mecke, and nppr^i 
him lighUy. Chaucer, T. ^JHeUh^t 

Appetence, t. {Lat, uppeienfia 

Appetite, v. To desire ; to covet 
As matire appetiiith fonne alwaie. 
And from forme into forme it pHSsin zani 
MypeipyU oMt Medea, 2] 
Appbtition, 9. {LaL tqjtpetitio 

Desire for anything. 
Appetize, v. 1o provoke an Rpp( 

tite for food. North. 
Appety, ». Appetite ; desire. 
Appibrt, adj. Open ; public S« 

Appignoratb, V, {Lat. appigmorn 

To put in pawn ; to pledge. 
Such bibliopoUsta are much to blame. 
When a good author's dead, t' abu»e 1 

name ; 
These tricks they play and act wiil,o 

For money th^'U i^pignorate their so^il 
Satyricail Poetns, \c* 

Apple, v. To bottom, or root firm | 
in the ground. *• The turnip^ t 
not apple.** 
Applb-bbe, 9. A wasp. CoruMty^ 
Applb-bird,!. AchAffiocU. Cortki 

d by Google 




Anu^sTiB, i, A dealer in applei. 

I Here » Glyed Wolbr of Gylforde iqiiyere, 

I ■ Coet* LoreiUs BoU, 

I AppiB-DEoxB, #. A wwp. Wett. 
Appia-ceat, «^'. Dapple grey. 

Ha bead «M tnmbki in tneh a bad plight, 
is !kaf h b» tjt» were apfU-arajf. 
li»3tada FtKtrt Hortkerue Man, 1640. 

AfFu^oGUR, «. An apple turn- 
over. Sf^oik. It it made by 
folding sliced apples with tugnr 
in a coarae cnist, and baiting 
tlieia withoat a pan. 
Appu- JACK, §. An npple tnmoTer. 
AiTu^jOBN, t. An apple, which 
vQi keep two years, and conse- 
<I«nUy becomes Tcnr withered. 
I m vitker'd like an old afpU-Jok». 

8 Hen. IF, lii, 8. 

! Bi \«aa tkn the pome-vater or amI*. 

J^ 0. Foifm*. Mu, Dr., iii. 192. 

I ^sr /ji^tppi^ whoae wither'd riad, en- 

r' s»sy « fiuTQV. aptly rn>«««ntB 
I "^ccpriagc PiiU^, Cider, b. i 

Ar?LB.|foisi, t. (1) Cider. 
(i) A di«b compoeed of apples. 

Afpun,«.^(. A^lef. 

Ams^PKAft, t. A kind of pear, 
Febapt the tankard pear. 

Apn.i.piK.BEn. A common trick 
B Mhoob. The bed is arranged 
nnewhai in the fashion of an 
tppie-turoover, the sheets being 
<M>Ied 80 as to pn;? ent any one 
^ getting at his length be- 

ArpLB-nsmrnDBn, t. Anything in 
'«nr gnat order. 

A?rLi.pip»,t, Divination by appU- 
W: To ascertain whether her 
F««Hded lorers really love her 
VBOt,the maiden takes an apple 
P^Pf lad naming one of her fol- 
bwcn, pQU the pip in the fire; if 
■t aseks in bursting from the 
!^» it is a proof of love, hot if 
^ is consiuDed without noise, she 
afaayiitiified that there is no 

real regard in thai person towards 
her. DatfyUMS. 

Apflsplbx, a. The apoplexy. />•- 

APFLB8-or-LOTK, $. The fruit of a 
foreign species of nightshade, said 
to be an aphrodisiac. 

Apple-bqcire, ff. This very popu- 
lar word was evidently used in 
more than one sense. An apple- 
squire was sometimes a kept 
gallant ; at others, a person who 
waited on a woman of bad cha- 
racter. The name was also applied 
to the person who fetched in the 
wine. Its most common signifi- 
cation appears to have been a 

Boyea which do attende upon eomiDnne 
harlottea, called upnU-tnutm. 

MuUMt's Jbeeedaritm, ISU. 

la Cupid fit to be an apU-s.vire, 

Of lilthy ln«t to take the lijathaome hvref 

The h'ewe MeUamorpkMU, MS. tem/t., Joe. 1. 

Ifl lechery wax'd scarce, is bawdry scant. 
Is there of whores or cuckolds any want ? 
Are wliore-masters decai'd, are all buwds 

Are panders, pimps, and anpUseuires, all 

fled? Taglor-t Works, 1630. 

Each buah, each bank, and each base appU- 

Can scrre to sate their beastly lewd driire. 
Ball's Satires, i, S. 

Aquarfolns, festo, impudicarum mulie- 
rum Bordidus assecla, wopvoiiaxoyo^, 
llacquereau, mfien. A rutlliiiv knave : 
an appU-squire : a Aliliie Mmf kHudie 
knave attending npon whores -. a wiiinll 
that keepelh the doore whiles his wife 
is occupied. Nomntelmtiir, 1586. 

His little lackey, a proper yong apple^ 
Mifire, called Fandarus, whirhe carneth 
the keye of his chamber with hym. 

BuUien'f Dialofftte, 157S. 

Apple-stucbxik, a. An apple- 
turnover. Hangt0lL 

Apple-tirrb, ft. An apple orchard. 
Formerly used in Sussex, now 

Apple-twelin, 9. An apple-turn- 
over. Norfolk. 

JLTFLK-YARD, s. An apple orchard. 

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Appliabls, adj. Capable of being 

Appliance, s. An application. 
Appliment, t. Application. 
Applot, V, To plot ; to contriye. 
Apply, v, {A.-N.) To take a course 

towards ; to ply to ; to apply to. 

A nautical term. 
Appo, #. An apple. Cheth. 
Appoast, V, {Fr.) To suborn. 

Appoint, v. To impute. 
Appointment, #. Preparation. 
Here art tbon in appoinltMnl fresh and 

Anticipating time with starting conra^. 
Troilu* and Crusida, iv, 5. 

Apponb, V. {Lai. appono.) To dis- 
pute with; to oppose in ar- 

Apposaylb, 9. {A,'N,) Question ; 

Wlian he went out his enmies to assayle, 

Made unto her this aucouth apposayU. 

Buchat, b. v. c. S9. 

Appose, r. {A.-N,) To raise ques- 
tions ; to object; to dispute with; 
to examine. 

Tho the poeple hyro apposed^ 
With a penv in the temple. 

Fieri PL, p. 18. 

Apposition, t. (Lat.) Annexation 
of substantives. A grammatical 

But this yonge childryne that gone to 
the scole have in here Diiuete this 
questione, how many thinges (alien to 
apposicioH ? Ande it is answeride, that 
case alle only that is afalle. 

Quia Bomanomm, p. 472. 

Appositebs, ff. Opposites; anti- 
podes. Maundevile. 

Apprehension, *. (Lat,) Catch- 
ing ; laying hold of. 

Apprehensive, adj, (Lat.) Of 
quick conception. 

You are too quick, too apprehensive. 

Btery Man out of hit Humour. 

Thou art a mad apprehensive knave. 

O. P.. iv, 343. 

Apprbifte, t. (Fr.) Contrivance. 

Apprentice-at-law, s. a conn- 
sellor, the next in rank under a 

Apprrst, i, (Fr,) Preparation. 

All the winter following Vespasian liiu 
nt Yorke, milking his apprests agaiusi 
the next spring to go agninst the ^cotl 
and Picts. HoUnshed, Hist. Scot., p. 4S 

Apprinzb, i, (Fr.) Capture. 

I mean not now th' apvrinze of Pncell Jone 
Mirrourf/r Magistrates, ed. 161C 

Apprise, i. (A.-N.) Learning. 

Approacher, s. One who ap 
proaches or draws near. 

Approbate, part, p, (Lat. appro 
batus.) Approved ; approved of 
Havyn^ perfect confidence, and sur 
hope in the approbate fidelitic an< 
constaunt integntic whiche 1 have eve 
experimented. Hafl.Edtpard IF, fol. 6f 
lie utterly refused to rce^yve th 
crowne, except the law establisbcd b 
his father Kenneth for the successioi 
therof were first confirmed and nj 
Holinshed's Historis of Scotland, p. 22^ 

Thomas earle of Lancaster was hanged au 

With sixteene barroDS moe in Edward lb 
Second'* daies ; 

The filthy demeanor that then was a^ 

I alilior to recite, they tooke such nangrht i 
wayes. Holmes's Fall of Rebellion, p,{ 

Approbation, «. (1) Approval 

(2) A noviciate. 

Approchemicnt, #. Approach. 
Apprompt, v. To prompt. Bacoy 
Approof, 8. Approbation. 

So his approof lives not in 'a epitaph 

As in your roval speech. 

AWs Pell that Ends tTcll, i, 
A man so absolute in niv approof. 
That nature hath leser^* d small di^^it 
Tliat he eiyoy^ not. Cynthia's Rc-cn 

APPROPINaUATE, 1 V. (Lat.) 7 

APPROPiNauE, j approach ; | 

come near. 

Appropre, \v. (A.'N. of^f^r^ 

APPROPER, jprier.) To appropr 


The fyrst name is the sone of God ai 
these names beu appropryd to hym* 

Golden Ltgcsui^ f 

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Ae £vn^eljs(es M spnTTe and 
•Pf^ir Owl prophvie word EeclesiA 
to KinJj iht vbote eompanv of cUnsten 
peple. 5ir T. Jfor*** jrjwi*. p. 428. 

AwiovB. #. (/v.) To justify ; to 
Dike good : to bring proof of. 
Xtlobnu in likewise eaderored her on 
t£« otber fjde to approwe the caid 

3^B7, bi hflr commised and pur- 

lOKd. BeyUu, p. 27. 

Afpbover, #. (A,'N,) An in- 
former. A person who had the 
i^ting of the kind's demesnes in 
■aisil manors to the best ad Tan- 
Uge was termed an epprover. 

Affccnant, a^'. (/«/.) Quar- 

Amrixi, a. An apple. 

ApfTLMOT, j a. (i^.-5.) A dish in 
APpcufocK, I cookery, of which 

^miMOi, j apples were the 
priscipal ingredient. **JpfrtUmo9f 
i^hmete, pomaciom." Prompt. 

Jif^mcj.—Takit apple* and weth hem 
'3 - ver. Drave bem tburxli a itynnor. 
likt UJBacde mylke, ajio hony, and 
lfcrefm,»i,fnm, and powdor-fort, and 
Aftj «ad Mctli it f toodyng. 

Forme of Cwy,XiW. 

f^ U wuie apfdmot. — Nym aopelyn. 
ad ttth hew. and lat bem kcle. and 
Bd« hen tborw a cMhe; and on 
>«h daves kast thereto grod f«t breyt 
^^, a&d {rod vjtc grces. and augar, 
^ii u.'nofi, ar«d almande mv Ik ; on fyach 
^M 4»l« de oiyve, and gode pov- 
^ ; nid lerve it forthe. 

Cootery Receipts, 1381. 

A'miD,|wrf./?. (/v.) Supported. 

^^»AiifE, a. An apron. 
Itea, if aar common vrtman were any 
eftw tbf tluil forfaii hit, and make a 
iu «I;ct ibe eosinme of tlie iiianur, 
^ iepJatiau ^ Oe SlfW.UtA cent. 

^^'S9m,part.p, Pra'iacd. Bo6- 
*»*» lUmaneet, p. 14. 

Artw,!. Cloth of Ypres in Flan- 
^,<aaKK» for ita woollen manu- 
^OTt **'}. cover of apret lynyd 
•«l» Jynen clothe." AV /oAii 

89 APT 

Apricatk, v. (Lat. aprieo.) To 

bask in the sun. 
Aprication, a. Basking in the 

Apbicitt. a. (Lat. aprieitas.) The 

warmth of the sun. 
Apricock, a. An apricot. JTeit, 

Sec Abricoek. 
Hop in hi* walks, and |tambo1 in liti ereas 
Keed him with mprirofts and d(*« brrrirs. 
SLkctp.,M,d*.N. i>.. ill, 1. 

April-gowk, a. An April fool. 

ApRii.LBD,adiF. Applied to beer or 

milk which has turned, or ia 

beginning to turn, sour: alto to 

a person whose temper has been 

disturbed. Dev<m. 
Aprine, i. (Lat.) A poison which 

was said to come from swine 

when mariM appetentei. 
APRI8E. a. (A.^N.) (1) Learning. 

(2) An enterprise ; an adtenture. 

On that other half it Darie, y-wia» 
Wroth and grim, and alle his, 
for Alisaimdera aret aprise. 

f. Jlisaunder, 1. 3539. 

Hian tayd Lybeam, Be seynt Jame, 
To save thjri mayde fro sebame, 
Hyt wer a fayr aprvie. 

Lyi. Ditcon., 1. SM. 

Apron, a. (1) A hog's caul. East. 
(2) The fat skinny covering of 
the Ijelly of a duck or goose. 

Apron-man, a. A waiter. 

We had the salatc of welcome, gentle- 
men, presently: Wilt plesise ye see % 
chamber? It was our pleasure, as we 
answered the apron-pum, to ser, or bo 
▼ery neare the looroe where all ihat 
noise was. 

Bowley't Semrehfor Money, 1609. 

Aproye, r. To prove. See Ap^ 

Aps, a. (A.'S. mp$.) The asp or 
aspen tree. A word used in 
"Warwickshire, and also in the 
South and West of England. 

Apsbn, (adj.) Of, or belonging to 
the asp tree. 

Apt, v. (Lat. apto.) To adapt; to 
fit to; to render fit for anything. 

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The symbolt used, are not, neither 
ougiit to be, simply hieroglyphics, em- 
blems, or im preset, but a mixed cha* 
ractcr, partaking somewhat of all, tuid 
pecuUiirly apUa to these more magniti- 
cent iuvcntioiis. BenJotuon. 

And some one apletk to be trusted then. 
Though never alter. 

B. Jon., Forut. Ep., xiL 

And here occasion apUth that we cata- 
logue awhile. 

Warner's AUnont Engl 

Aptes, t. pL Aptitudes. 

Tiiei ban as well divers apUs, and divert 
mancr usyiiges, and iliillc aptes uoweu 
in will ben clcped affeccions. 

Chaucer, ed. Urry, p. 617. 

Apt-tinoing, €idj. Having a ten- 
dency to ignite. 

If th' exiialation hot and oily prove. 
And yet (hs feeble) giveth pi rice above 
To th' airy revions ever-lasting frost, 
Incossantiy tli' apt'tinding fuiiie is tost 
Till it iiitiaiiie: then likea squib it ftUls, 
Or fire-wiug'd shaft, or sulpMiiy powder- 
balls. Sjflcester's Du Barta*. 

Apurt, eidj. Impertinent. Somer' 
set Sullen, disdainfully silent. 

Apyks, 8. pL Apes. 

AauA-ACUTA, s. (Lai.) A compo- 
sition of tartaric and other acids, 
formerly used for cleaning ar- 

AauABOB, t. An icicle. Kent. 

AauAKB, 9. To tremble. 

AauAL, adj. Equal. North. 

AauAPATis, t. A kind of pottage. 

Aqnapatyt. — Pil garler, and cast it in a 
pot with water and oilc, and seeih it. 
vo thereto safroii, ' salt, and powder- 
fort, and dresse il forth hool. 

Forme of Cury,\^Vi. 

Aau AT, adv. Sitting on the houghs. 

AauATiL, a4f. (-^'O Inhabiting 

the water. 
AauAToaiES, t. {Lat.) Watery 

places. An astrological term. 
AauA-viT^, t. {Lat.) A general 

term for ardent spirits. Irish 

aqiia-vitse was usquebaugh. 

Aqua-vitji man, t. A seller c 
Sell the dole beer to aqva^U* men. 

Bern Jons.,Alck., i, ' 

Aqjjj^ight, pret.t. otaquake^ (froi 
{A.-S. gueccan.) Shook ; treoi 
The gleumen uscden her tunge ; 
The wode aqueiffktte so by suuge. 

Ki^nff Alisauuder, 525 

AauEiNT, (1) part, p.qfaguenc/t 
Quenched with water; destroyer 
(2) Acquainted. 
Heo desirith nothyng more. 
Than to beo to vou aqweynt. 

kyMff AUsatntdcTf 7SC 

AauEiNTABLE, adj. Easy to be ai 

quainted with. 

AuuRLLBN, V (ji.-S. aewellan.) 1 

kill ; to destroy ; to yanquish. 

And her gref anon hem teld . 

Uou Foriiger her king aqueU. 

Arthour and MerliH, p. l 
And gif y schal be thus a^uHd, 
Thurch strong hete in the feld. 
It were ogaiu the skille. 

Gy qf trarvike, p. S! 

Aqubncre, V. {/i.'S. aeivencat 

To quench ; to destroy. 

Nothing he ne founde in al the ni^te, 

Wer-uude his hongtftT aquencke miTiic 

Reliq.AHtiq., ii, "2 

AauRTONS, t. Acquittance. 3o 

of Curtasyef p. 25. 
AauiTE,r. (A.'N.) (1) To acqu 

(2) To requite. 

He wole aqtcyte us ryth wele oure medc 
Cotentry Ujfsttrias, p. 3 

(3) To pay for. 

Or if his winning be so lite, 
Tliat his Ubour will not aq^U 
Sufficiauntly al his living. 
Yet may he go his brede be^ngc. 
BomautU of ike £^e, 6*; 

AauoiNTE, part. p. Acquaint 

Rob. Glow., p. 465. 
AauoT, adj. Cloyed; weary- <«« 

eating. Devon. 
AauoY, adv. Coyly ; shyly. 

With that she knit her brotrs. 
And looking all ai,noy. 

George Bumto^U, 2d 

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As, (\) L (A.-S.) A scar; a pock- 
Btrk. Aor/A It is found in MSS. 
of tbe 15th cent. 
(2l t. (if.& or.) Aaotf. 
3;c«y. Or. 
{*,pnp.(J^S. artier.) Before. 

ilKMte ■ydDTtlit, ar tlie dsT. 

ijfmf JIuoMmder, 844. 

AiACE, «. {A^N.) To d»w away 
i? force. 

^ 90 wMj holdith lehe 
'-ibdra tun, whan scbe gm bem 

'- < til gnt lie'sbt and ?rct difficult6 
'•t -i^dita frm Ikt arm tn^ f^nnr arar^. 
CUsecr, (7«)>^. 7., 8979. 

^ ^ the r MM u ibfii ace of tlieire 
?«'te* anon were anced oat of 
ifliiie BeoDcs heertea. 

fir 7. Mon'a Worki, p. 85$. 

^^gg > t. The herb orach. 
^*J»s, ;»rrf. /. of arede. Ex- 

^^n, f. Some kind of precious 

^7 pijrtrelle wM of a riaUe fyne, 

^^«^prrt.fc Struck ; smote. 
^«i»,«(p. Enraged. 
^SE,l4. (^..M) A spider. 
*^^,\NoH$. and Nartkampi, 
*»*? 5V wraw down, till aU be dean, 

-^ -^ileaak all ttye when he conies in. 
f^hkire DtmiogMe, 1697. 

i*ET«,|*- Toraiwj. 
UA,^|t,(^..iV:) A spider. 

^^uoit. In a row. 
**«»«*. (i«/.) Qaickly. 

<j^ Ifao table he leop araps. 

Ir>9 AUaammder, 4239. 
^«'0)?r*<. Of flrise. Aroac. 
. ' «-M Arrows. 
^»*,». (i^5.) To rate ; to scold. 





Thynir that al the world woot, 
"Wlierfore •iKildMtow tpare 
To redrn it in rrU*nk 
To mrtiU dedlj aynne ? 

Fieri Fl.,^9tB, 
ABAuaHT, preL of areehe, (1) 
Seized; took away by force. 

In that foreat woncd an herd 
Tliat of be«te« loked an slerd. 
best him was aram/hi ; 
Wide-war be bit liadde i-«ought. 

Seujfn Sages, I. 895. 

(2) Struck, or seized by the 

Rifrlit bifor the donkei fet 

Gn ormMoJU bim with a ataf cret. 

ffy 0/ Wanftkf, p. 225. 
He mnutght no man with a rytcht atrook 
but be bare bim doon to the crib. 

y«Mji, MS. 

(3) Reached. 

Florice the rinfr here arttm^t. 
And be bim »yn hit breau^t. 

Florice and BlaHckrfUmr. 

Aaaws, adv. In a row. 

(2) Equipage. 

(3) Clothing. 

(4) Condition, or situation. 

AH these different meanings of 
the word are found in Chaucer. 

Up ryat thia jolyf Unrcr Absolon. 
And bim arraj/elk iray at pnynt devya. 

CUueer, Cant. 7., ^689. 

(2) To disoose; to afflict. 

(3) To defile. " I ^le or araye, 
je uUig" Palagrave. " I fyle or 
araye with myer, Je emboue,*' 

Akatned, part. p. Tied up by the 

Araynyb, «. {A^N.) Sand. 
Araysino, part. a. Advancing; 

Akbkr, (1) t. {A.'N.) An arbour; 

a grove of trees. 

And in the garden* aa I wene, 
Waa an ather fay re and grene. 
And in the arher waa a tre, 
A fayrer in tbe world niij^bt none b^. 

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(2) To make the arber^ or arbour, 
a phrase in hunting, to disem- 
bowel the animal. The dogs 
are then rewarded with such 
parts of the entrails as are con- 
sidered to be offal. It is applied 
metaphorically to the embowel- 
ling of a traitor. 

Euhert. Not here, my lord, 

Let them be broken up upon a scaffold. 

••f will shew the better when their arbour*s 
made. Beaum. and Fl. 

Arbbrib, t. {A.'N.) Wood. 
Arbbset, t. {A.'N,) A strawberry 

Thou schoH fynde trowea two : 
Bcyiites and I'loly they bnth bo. 
Hygher than in othir rontray all; 
Jrbtset men heom callith. 

Xyng AltMunder, 6765. 

Arbitrate, v. {Lat,) To deter- 
mine. SftaJkesp. 

Arbitrie, f. (A,'N.) Judgment. 

Arbitrbment, t. Arbitration. 

At lencth came ccrtaine English, Scots, 

and Dutch, 
Who hetiriog their contention grow so 

Would take upon them an arbittemunt. 
To mnke all friends: so unto cups they 


RowUmdt, Ennei ofSp. /- 2>., 1613. 

TJod. Suppose one woman be indebted to 

another, what would yon then determine? 

Breakh. Why, in that rase, let her that 

is fHircst and most beloved of men in 

commiseration forgive t'other. 

Cl<v. An arbitrtmoit of love, you'll end it, 


Hoyoard, Han of Newmarket, 1678. 

Arblast, t. (A.-N.) An arbalest. 

But rise np your mnngonel. 
And cast to their tree-tnstcl, 
And sho«jt to them with arblast. 

Biekard Coer deLum, 1867. 

Arblastir, f. (A,'N.) (1) An 
arbalest, or cross-bow. 
(2) One who shoots with tn 

Eries, barons and squyeri, 
Bowmen nnd nrbfastir*. 

Biehard Coer de lAm, 1810. 

Arborbt, t. A shrub. 

Arbour. See Arber (2). 
Arbouses, t. The dark hard cherry. 

Arbustbd, a^. Filled with straw- 

berry trees. 

What plcarures poets fame of after death. 
In the Eliiean turbusted groves. 

Cyprian Academy, 1847. 

Arc, t. A cirrhus, or cloud in the 
form of a streak crossing the sky. 
Herefordah, See Ark, 

Arcane, a^, (Lat.) Secret. 

Ilave I been disobedient to thy words ? 
Hjivc I bewray'd thy areoMe aecrecy ? 

Loerine,'r, B. 

Arcel, t. Liverwort. Skinner* 
Arch. (1) A chief; t master. 

The noble duke, my master. 
My worthy arek and patron, comes to. 
night. Mimff Lear, ii, 1. 

(2) A piece of ground left un- 
Worked. A term in mining. 

Arcbal, t. Lirerwort. Phiilipt. 

Archangel, t. (1) The dead net- 

(2) A kind of bird. Rom, of the 
Rote, 915, where the original 
French is metange, a titmouse. 

Arc HARDS, t. An acorn. Prompt, 

Arch -DEAN, t. Used by Gascoigne 
for archdeacon. 

For bishops, prelates, aiek-deant, deans, 
and priestes. 

Steel. Glat. Ckalm. Poets, u, 6S8. a. 

Arc HDi ACRE, t. {A*-N.) An arch- 

Archer, «. The bishop at chess 
was formerly so called. 

Archbt, t. An orchard. IFilts, 

Archewives, t. Wives of a su- 
perior order. 

Ye arekewyves, stondith at defena, 

Svn ye ben strong as is a greet chamayle, 

Ne suffre not that men vow doa offena. 

Ckaueer, Cant. T., 9071. 

Arcbidecline. The name given 
to the master of the feast at the 
marriage in Cana. 

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AicBiiLkaTKTK, a. ik term applied 
to ebemittrj, as the most im- 
piKtaat of ail scieoces. AbH- 
ml^$ T%eai. Ckem, BrU., p. 13. 

A^CHTTKCT, «. Architecture. 

I-^ &ade aa house T-biuIt for holy deed, 
^'s^ piodiy mrrkiiirt juid rioitten vide. 
I Jfnwme'a BrU, Fastonis, 1625. 

AicHnxM PI.KS, #. Chief temples. 

I^. Giame,^ p. 74. 
iBCHMAsimre, #. Arithraetic 
^KB-iirE, *. The throat. This 
«qr1 oecan in Florio's New 
WtHd 9f Wordt, 161 1, p. 36. 
'^^vsumantKaij a. {Lai.) An arba« 
^»er. Htyiauked. 
^, 1 «^-. (1) High: nsed 
*ai. J chiefly in the names of 
piarcs. In Comberland the term 
> «ed to describe the quality of 
• piiee, a conn try, or a field; 
•^ «rd land means a dry, 
}«cbcd, arid soil ; apparently a 
^KBndary sense, such lands being 
^ ^. parched, fte., only becanse 
«»? lie high. 
'.t) Hard. Rob. Glome. 
^latuoic, M. {Lai. ardeUo,) A 
^-hody, a meddler. 
^i^Han, biMM-bodiem, as ve sre, it 
*n sadi ftitcr for nt to be qaiel, lit 
■^ ad tike ow case. 

BmH«m, Amat. <^U«U '\ S50. 

^asssr, a. Fallow qiurter. Cwmb. 

^*»t3n, a. Ad ordinance ; a com- 


^K^ȣ3rnEKsaB, a. Earnestness. 

^ea, a. A kind of fish. Veniegan, 
'^ QUai'a Utermy Let ten, p. 108. 

AascBs, 1 a. (^.- S.) Fallowings or 

^*^>omiA, ] plooghings of ground. 
^^ faes^ n the towne, let him noc 
P^ *<9 see asy van tbereni, except it 
tg ^vaa qr, or at soeh tune as Vheo 
""^BrvoK is in. aad his aeede time 
*^ &rit aricr W dwpateht, to the end, 
'^^me mmi the nmr meanes he 
^ >aai lyoa hia canses in con. 
7g*^Mi* gae shot tha getting ig 

'■I 'Aaa, ne Cmmtrit Farms, y. «7, 

93 ARB 

A»Di, aJF. Hardy. JrdiUeke, 

ARi>URK,a. (A.'N.) BnnuDg. 
Amm, (1) a. An oar. 

Bia maiater than thai fluid 
A. hot and an «r«. 

Sir TrUtrtw^ p. 1S3. 

(2) a. A hare. 

(3) adv. Before. 

Ke irije t nerer aiv 
So wUJe beat v-vroucht. 

Sir Tr^em, V. I, at. xlii. 

(4) V. To plough. Kersey giv^ 
this as a proTincial form of the 
word. See Ere. 

(5) a. An heir. 

(6) a. (A.-S.) Honour; dignttT. 
Dnme, he ac^de, be Goddya arv, 
Haate any aioney titoa voldvtt ware f 

Rttwm'a Fop. t'otL, p. 10. 

(7) a. A note in music, the lowest 
but one in Guido's scale. 

(8) a. (^..5.) Mercy. 
Svete Taoode, thin «r», 

Thoa preye the king for me. 

Sir Tnttrem, p. 341. 

(9) a. An hoar. Lane, 
^ll^li>\l' (^-^.«r«fa».) To 

Therefore more pUdn eteai thia doabtftU 


And manr perila doth to aa weed 
In that Whrrrof we eeriously entreat. 
Dray/.. Moua B., ii, p. 1684. 

F. Sad swain ereadt if that a maid may 

What canie ao great effecta of grief hath 

wrought? BrxLFattoraU. 

Ajisadikess, a. Readiness. 
Aready, ready. 

Arbab, adv. Upright. Keni, 

Arbaraoe, a. {A..N.) The re* 
malnder of an unpaid account ; 
money unpaid at the time when 
due. Cowell says, "it signifieth 
the remain of an aocoant, or a 
sum of money remaining in the 
hands of an accountant.'' 

Arbarb, \ad9.(A.'N.) Behind; 
Jin default. 

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ATIE 94 

tilt JMid tomey, wrestle in the sand, 
leave wit, speed Atlanta in arrear. 

Fair/, r., ii, 40. 

it when hit force gan failc, hit pace fian 
wex areare, Sp., F. Q., Ill, vii, 24. 

fiEAUT, 1 adv. Out of* doors. 
IE AWT, J Yorksh. and Lane, 
RECHE, V. (1) (^.-5. arecan, to 
declare.) To utter; to declare. 

it as tone at Beryn had pleyne know- 

leche ^ 

lat his eycn were y-lott, luineth he mycht 


word for pare anKuythe. 

hUl of Beryn, h^iVn. 

(2) {A.'S. arecearit to explain.) 
Crist and Seint Stcvene, 

Quoth Horn, areche thy mevene. 

r. Horn, 1. 668. 

(3) (j4.-S. armcan, to reach to.) 
To reach ; to attain. 

He that wyle further ttreche 
Than liys schetjm wyl areche. 
In the strau hc'clmrhvs feet feche. 

Hart. MS., No. 8362, fol. 4^ r. 

On foot he was, and he on layde ; 
MHiiye under hys hand ther deyde, 
Al tliHt hys ax areche mvpht, 
Hort and'man he tlowgh dounryght. 

. Richard, 1. 7089. 

RECKELLY, adv. Dircctly. /. of 

RBODE, V. {A.-S. ahreddan.) To 

iiEDE, V. {A.-S. aradan.) (1) To 
guess; to explain or interpret. 
See Aread. 

n tlionsand hugles of Ynde, 

And two thousand oxen, alt 1 fynde ; 
■Withouten horses, wiihouten stedeu, 
Of wliiche no man ne couthe areden 
The nombre. hot the hevtr.e kyng, 
Tliat woot tlie sothe of al tiling. 

K. Alisaunder, I 5116. 

To geate and arede upon his dark ridles. 
Sir T. More's If oris, p 615 

(2) To advise ; to |pve counsel to ; 
to apprize ; to (pve warning of. 
Peculiar to Spenser, 
herefore to me, my trusty friend, arede 
iiy counsel : two is l>ett«r thiin one head. 
Mother Uubberd's Tale, p. 6. 
tread, said he, which way did he make? 
F. Q., V, i, 19. 


Aredgb, #. The sharp edge of tl 

angle. North. 
Areoilt, a(/p. Easily; readily. 
Arsdt, adj. Ready. 

And that we hyt mote aredy hare. 
Lord, her at oure nedc. 

William deSkoreha 

Aredtnes, t. Readiness. 
Areed, *. Counsel ; advice. 
Arehthe, t. {A.'S. yrMS.) Fea 

Ah neothclct, in one feldc. 
Mid boldc worde, an mid ilcte, 
Deth his i-vo for arehthe swete. 

Hule and Hgghtingale, 1. 17( 

Areioht, pret. of areche. Struc 
Arbisb, 9. To raise. 

Ful wroth than that werwolf wmx of tl 

And bremW his bristelet he nn tho »Tn 
irniiam and the WerwolJ, p. 1 

ARE-LUMB9,t. Heir-looms. iVbri 
Arbly, adv. Early ; soon. 
Arin, preet. of be. Are. 
Arendb, t. {A.'S. eerend.) An ( 

rand ; a message. 
Arbngb, \ adv. {A.-N.) On a ro 
ARBNK, J in a series. **Arenff€, 

arowe. Seriatim." Prompt. Pa 

And ladde him and hit mouekea 

Into a wel fair halle. 
And tette hem adouii arenk, 

Aud wosche here fet alle. 

St. Brandast^ p. 

Arenulous, adj. (Lat.) Full 
fine sand. 

ARERAGE,t.(^.-iV:) Arrear. "I 
remain of an account, or a s 
of money remaining in the bai 
of an accountant." CowelL 

Arere, 1». {A.'S. anrran.) 
AREAR, J raise ; to rear, as a ho 

And yeve us grace goodnetse to leri 
Oi ham that before ut were, 
Crysteiidom how tlicy goune arere. 
Oetotie^tt^ L 

Arerb, adv. {A.-N.) (1) Ba 
wards; behind. 

My blaspheming now have I bongcbt 

All yerthly joie and mirthe T set arere. 
Teetameni qfCreseitie, 

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^2) Back. A term in bare-hmit- 

ir^:, osfd vhea the hounds were 

rateflmje hjn here, be flail wye arn-e. 
B0^ 0f St. Jliiou. 

!3) f. To retrett. 
ktuz, V. (from j4..S. areotiani to 

&i] down, perish.) To totter. 

TLi«^h tbenoabt tbe fom was wight, 
I*-? tascfcn iQ Ike tre he miit ; 
i tf tre cnsM^ ai bit woM falle, 
Im bod «tt wh adnd wtthalle. 

Sceyn Sages, I. 915. 

^tBGSft. (A^N. vreatmer, to in- 
lem^e, to reuon.) To inter- 
t!%ue; to reason, or debate, with. 

^ feiR it Bfome were, to mretom the 

••^ -^kt for lo declare, sod for tlie psrtics 
'-'«^. Ungtqfi, p. 3U. 

^ hcKTl we hra iron mie, 
^e httb AfOMS oas bifom. 

UfodcfSeymi KaUrine, p. 181. 
A» fJtf kyag rod with dujkes nnd eoriie, 
Ef Brtk «iih two olcie cheorlis. 
i'' *=« nrel ibeo herd heng : 
]'-a«rt*»ed bemn tbe kfog. 
^^ 'J daj if aciftbe je weore bore,) 
■ :? yt esibwv by niy weyes, 
^r McrreiUes by \iM wa> e«. 

Alimmnder, L 6751. 

^»T.(l)t.(^..JV.) Arrest; con- 
«a«»t; delay. 

.-I fm. t. of ta^de, ReUtest. 
?»i««r» rygbtly thoa wttt 

AT^ the Biiner. 
^^mtboB ryde apoD tlirs best 

heater bym that thon ne falle f 
(Metimn Imptnttor, 1425. 
Ti «5. BaneiiL Prompt. Pan. 
*»«5n,e.(^..,V.) To stop. 

^2 ir sore itoct b«r*n hi* hors arate^ 
'^^l^Urin, herkeneUi if vow leae. 
Chamcer, Cant. 21, b29. 

^***ratt8!!,t.Banddity. "^»-ef/- 
"**<»fteshe. Rancor. Rancitas." 
Prtmat. Pan, See Reaaty. 

*4W!<i)Gn,«. Apparently the name 
«»nb«rb. i^reA#o&yu»,x«,404. 

;^B»«»t.(^.-5.) Honour. 

**^»«' «. Arthritica. " Oowtc 
*«uk.» Uidkd MS. Uth cent. 

Aritte,! tr. {A.-N.) (1) To Im- 
ARiTB, / pute ; to attriliute, allot, 
or decree. A person was arretted 
who was "covenanted before a 
judge, and charged with a crime." 
Cowell, Interpreter, 1658. 

And yf there he ony thrnir wrrton 
or fayd to her plnvfir. y sbuli ilxiike 
my Iniraor well employed ; and were at 
therif defawte. thnl ehe aretit \\\x to 
the fymplenea of my ronn>nKe, winebe 
if fal f Dialle in tbit behtilrei and ^equ^ re 
and praye alle tbem that thai I rrde t' 
tame werke to correct hyt, and buid me 

CaxUm^ in ITerbfrrs Jnut. i. 6. 
Ai keeper* of the chnnli. judfret. and 
risht auveretgii biahops, wliicb Un nrets 
the arms of tiie cbarrh und of tbe w hule 
world unto their jimper nbt-y. 

Fkilpot'9 ITorkt, p. KO. 

(2) To ?alue, to esteem. 
ARBVAi<rT, adv. Back again. 
Tlie mevn fhalie ye nrUylle, 
And I flinllc B>n3{ (be trcbille, 
Areranl the dcville, 
Tille all.* ihiR b«)le rnwte. 

TotpneUy itysUries, p. 319. 

Arew, adv. (A.'S.) In a row. 
Arkwb, v. (A.-S.) (1) To pity. 

Jhesn Chrift arev hem sore. 
Ant acide he wulde vacetic liero thnre . 
Harrowing uf Uell, p. Ifi. 

(2) To make to repent ; to grieve. 

Tbe mayster mnaon motte be ful f ecarly 
Bt)the «u-defii9t. trufty, and Irwe, 
llyt aluti hym never thenne arni*e. 

Const, of Musonrift p. 15. 

'^rR^Hs,}'--^'-^^-^-) A'^^^''*- 

Areynb, V. {A.'N,) To arrest. 
Arfe, adj. (A.'S.) Afraid ; back- 
ward. North. See Argh. 

Whangh, mother, how ahe rowU ! lae varra 

Shee'l put and rire mv snod prunella scarfr. 
Torksnirs Dialogue, p. 35. 

Aro,v. (1) Toargne. West. 

(2) To quarrel. Northampt. 

(3) To grumble. Smtex. 
Aroabu8HB,s. a harquebuss. 
AROAiLB,*.(^.-iV.) Potter's earth. 

See Argoik 

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At, I know yon have arsenic, 
Vilriol, sai-tartar, argaiU, alkali. 

Btn J<m*on*$ JlckewMt, i, 1. 

Aroal. (1) " Hard lees sticking to 
the sides of wine vessels, and 
otherwise called tartar." Keney. 
See ArgoiL 

(2) Used by Shakespeare as t 
vulgar corruption of ergo. 

Arobmone, «. {Lat) The wild 

Arobnt, f. (A.'N.) Silver. 

Aroextil, 9, {A.-N.) The herb 
percepiere, according to Gerard. 

Arobntina, t. i^Lat') The wild 

Argentine, adj, {Lat.) Silver-like; 
composed of silver; silver. 

Argent-yiyb, t. (Fr.) Quicksilver. 

Argh, \adj. (A.^S. earg.) Timid; 
ARWE, J fearful ; indolent. 
Now thow seiflt he ia the beate knyght. 
That maj beore amies in fvght. 
Thou aaist aotli, liardy, and hard. 
And thou art aa ance coward. 

£ MiwHHder, 1. S340. 
Frensche men arn oriM. and feynte, 
And Sarezynya be war and queynte ; 
And of her dedea eni^noua : 
The Frezuche men be covaytons. 

Biekard, 1. 3821. 
[if he i-aith that thn nart are^^ 
lie wile of bote wrchen barej. 

Hule and Np^UngaUy 1. 407. 

Arghb, \v. {A,'S. eargian,) To 
ARjE, J wax timid. 

Antenor argket with oustere wordea. 

Hade doute of the duke and of hia dethe 

Leit the tyrand io hia tene hade turnrt 
hym to ale. SUge of Troy, MS., f. 88. 



Jrghun also me thinke is hard, 
For that mase n man a coward ; 
That mat be cald htilhede 
or troste of helpe in goode dede. 
VausngtoaCi Mgrrotw, MS. Hunt, f. 29 b. 

Aroier. The old form of Algiers. 
Aroin, t. (//«/. argine.) An em- 
bankment ; t rampart. 

It mnst have high argiiu and cover'd waya, 
lb keep the bulwark fronta from battery. 
' Marlowri Works, i, 188. 


' I f . Slaggishn 
» J 

Argisomb, adj. Quarrelsome. 

Argoile, «. (Fr, argille?) An 
article used in alchemical opera- 
tions, the exact character of which 
seems to be doubtful. It has 
been taken as signifying potter's 
earth ; but it seems to be more 
properly the impure salt de- 
posited from wine ; which, when 
purified, is called bitartrate of 
potash, or cream of tartar. 

Argolets, ^a.pL^Fr.) Light 
ARGOL#riERs, J horscmen. 

Argolooy, t. {Gr. apyoKoyia.) 
Idle speaking. 

Argos, t. (Fr.) The small false 
toes at the back of the foot, ap- 
plied to animals. 

Argosib, t. (supposed to be de- 
rived from the name of the ship 
Argo,) A large ship, either for 
merchandise or war. 
Who sita him like a fulUaail'd argone 
Danc'd with a tofty billow. 

Ckitpm. Byron*s Co$up. 
That golden traffic lore, 

la aeantier fer than gold ; one mine of that 

More worth than twenty argonet 

Of the world'a richest treasure. 

Rowley** New Wonder, Jnc. Dr., t, SS6. 
My instance ia a mighty argorie. 
That in it bears, besides th* artillery 
Of foorsoore piecea of a mighty bora^ 
A thousand soldiers. 

Drayton, NoakU Flood, It, p. 16S9. 

Argue, v, (Ft, arguer, to reprove.) 
To find fault with. 
The false Matabmne beean to caste an 
eye on her, and reprevedherof thefisute 
that her aelfe had made, anftdna her 
without a cause, and saide, <) nnhappi 
and miserable woman. Helyat, p. 98. 

Argufy, 1 v. To argne. Far. dial. 

ARGiFT, J The country people in 

the Midland Counties often say 

" what argijiei T* in the sense of, 

** what signifies it ? 

Argument, (1)9. {Fr,) To argue. 

i2)t. Conversation. 
3) A given arch, whereby an- 
other is determined proportional 
to the first. 

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Ashem'bu eentris. ud hfi trgtmenlii^ 
1:4 bw a c opor ci o iieto conTenientis. 

Cl«ac»r, Cb»/. 7.. 11589. 

AiGT, «. All arg^nmnit ; an aster- 
tioB. Skarjuh, Also, a person who 
is B0t only oontentioos, but per- 
tiaadou in managing an argu- 

-U:cHKS, «. ^ The ends of joists. 

AuDK. See Arride. 

A&iEBjiBAX, a. {A.^N.) A general 
KnaaHnw from the king to all 
bH Tassala to appear in arms. 


iuKTATBt V. (I4i/.) To bott like a 

iJusTATioK, a. Botting. 
it:sTE,a. Aries, one of the aigna 

latbe zodiac. 
.luGBT. Apparently the prei. of 

creeie, and used in the sense of 

readied, effected, did, or per« 

k\i?%^ s. A kind of bird. 

At ^ifid mripa. briddes of Archadie. 
MS. Dighy, 330. 

Aas^is-GK, #. (A.'S.) Resurrection. 
l-l Y-iere me the H0I7 6o«t» holr 
tltsdx «ena^Iiche, mranesse of hal- 
*rii. kratene of sennes. of vlesse aric- 
<•/', aad lyf evrdntiikle, 


"Ui^T, yd pen, #. of the jvrev. and 
/rw/. of aris«. 
Yy^a hi wode hem make bfitke, 
U eitncb tend «m/ sone. 

Jrikaur ttmd Merlim, p. 274^ 
^ v^e vaflte upon a dare, 
i^ tbat vm er the sonDe orjr^/. 
Cmw^^ Omf: Jm^ ed. 1333. f. 7a 
AusTK, a. (^.-&) An arising. 
ki* ifq>e advB ant aprnptcst helle; 
^K« ast tfatn mristg enddett thine 
'^^ecnc; aat aUbeabarea Uie ateorren. 
MS. Beg., 17 A xxtu. f. 67. 
^ ap anrie do me stepen upward 
^ beat aad bob thravea. 

JTSL C<»«., JV#f», A xir. 

^aivnppuft, a. A sort of wine. 

^srafeyvi of &t eauarf, 
2 '9 ilriti^^at«, aparitliog: sherry ! 
vme aectsr Hae ntMU Jane's dairy; 
OtbesB tosaiits would mnke ns nernr ! 
MiddUttm'M Jfarkt, ii, 4SS. 

AaiaroLocH, t. ((^r.) The plaac 

called Round Hartwort. 
A&iTHMANciB, a. ((7r.) Dirination 

by numbers. 
A&iTAOB, a. (^.-iV.) The ahore; 
landing place. 
And pririlie toke mriMge 
Into the coutiirie of Cartha<e. 

CUmetr, House o/Ame, I 223. 

AKiVAiLB,a. (^.-A'.) ArriYal. 

AaK,a.(l) (A.S.) A chest. In the 
northern counties, the large 
chests in farro-houset used for 
keeping meat or flour are still 
so called. 

Soth was, that he wolden him bjnde; 
And traase ai that be mithen fynOe 
Of hi»e, ill arte, or m kisip. 
That he OMmth in sccken thriste. 

Hagrlok, L 2018. 
Quen this rem to the kniht waa lald. 
He did it in an are to ha Id, 
And opened this arc the Ihrid day. 
And fand tharin aeiconthe to aiiye. 

MS. CoU. Med. Edinh^ 

(2) Clouds running into two 
points, thns (); more usually 
termed Noah's ark. 

(3) a. An arch. 

Arlsb, a. Money paid to bind a 
bargain; earnest-money, loarle 
a bargain, to close it. See Airltt. 

Arlichb, adv. Early. 

Arliko, a. A bird which appears 
early in the spring. 

An arling, a byrde that app^areth not 

in wmter, a clotbyrde, atnintch, e^erulm. 

Bar€t*s AUearie, 15hU. 

Abloup, a. The orlop, or middle 

deck of a ship. 
Arly, adv. (A.'S,) Early. Eati. 

And no{;ht over arfy to mete at gang, 
Me for to sit tharat over laag. 

MS. CoU., Oal6a,% ix, f. 6&. 

Arm, a. (1) Harm. 

So fnlle on the. aire emperonr, 
Swich arai, and icbaDie, and desonour. 
S<vyn Sagf9, 852. 

(2) 9. To lard (in cookery). In 
Warner's Antiq. CuUn,^ p. 26, 
we have a receipt in which it is 
directed that ** cranes and herons 





shal be armed with lardes ol 


(3) V. To take up in the arms. 
Akm, adj. {j4,.S.) Wretched. In 

writings of an early date. 
Arm AN, «. {Fr. amumdJ) A pre- 
paration given to horses to create 

an appetite. Diet. Rutt. 
Armbd, adj. Having arms. 

— As a heated lion, so he looks; 
His hair haogt k>nf behind him, black and 

Like ravens' wings; his shonldcrs broad 

and strong } 
Jrm'd long and ronnd ; and on his thigh a 

Hanv by a curious baldrick. 


Armental, \ a4;. {Lat-) Relat- 

ABMBHTINB, Uog tO E hcrd o£ 

Armbntosb, adf. {Lat,) Abound- 

ing in cattle. 
Armbsin-taffbta, t. A sort of 

Uflfata. HaweU, 
Armbt, t. A helmet. *' Armet, a 

heed pese of haraesse." Paia- 

grave,{, 18. 
Arm-oaunT| adj. Lean ; thin. As 

thin as an arm. 

— So he nodded. 
And soberly did mount an arm-aauiU steed. 
Who ncigh'd so high that what 1 would 

have spoke 
Was beaailjf domb'd by him. . _ . , 
ShakcMp^ Ani. tmd CI, i. 6. 

Arm-grbt, a<f;. As thick as a man's 

A wrethe of gold 9rm-gret, and huge of 

Upon his heed set fol of stones bright 

Ckamecr, Cant. K, 2M7. 

Armin, «. A beggar ; formed from 
the Dutch arm, poor, to suit an 
assumed Dutch character. 
hear, God 1— so young an armin f 

M. Flow. Armin, sweet lieart^ I know not 
what you menn 

By that, but 1 am almost a beggar. 
' LoixUm Pnd., 8«pp. Sh., li, 519. 

Armtn, 9. Ermine. 

Armxllb, t. {Lat. armiOa.) A 
bracelet; also, a necklace. 

After they had dronke he gave her two 
ryngea to haogt ou her eena veyeage 

ij. Bycle8,and as many«n«yUc»w(!yea?e 
X. sycles. Goldtu Legend, (, h*. 

The king thus-gird with his swerd, and 
standing, shall lake armifU of tlic 0*r- 
diuall, saying thise wurds, aeeipe armil' 
Uany end it is to wet« that amytf la 
' \ in maner of a stole wovyn with 

Sid and set with stones, to be puti by 
B Cardinall abonte the kinges neckr. 
JEtMtUmd Pspen, p. lH. 

AsMiNe, a. (1) A coat of arms. 
(2) A net hung about a ship's 
hull in battle, to protect the men 
from an enemy. 

Armino-oirdlb, #.' A kind of 
sword girdle. Fiario, in y. SeUduf, 
mentions an arminy-wddie. 

Arming-points, t. Short ends of 
strong twine, with points like 
laces, fixed under the aniipiu 
and bendings of the arms and 
knees, to fasten the gussets of 
mail which protected those 
parts of the body. 

Armino-bword, t. A two-handed 
And weening to have play'd a yonng 

man's par^ 
Gins to his arming-nowd with trrm- 
bttng Imnd. Pm^< tkrewelK 1 ^b9L 

Armipotbnt, a^\ {Lot,) Mighty 
in arms. 

Armitb, *. (^.-iV:) (1) ' A sort of 

On the iiiji oorners of the waggo* wcra 
iig. hed pcoes called armiUs^ every pece 
beyng of a aondery device. 

Hall, Hatrj mi, 1 70. 
(2) A hermit. 

The nrmyte seyd. So mote tboa go. 
Hast thou any othyr heraud than ao 
Onto my lord tlia Icyny? 

HeLeUhtm/e Met. Talet, p. aOli. 

Abmivbstai., a4j. Warlike. 

By his antufeeetat oontenaoBM he waU 
have caused ua to havo fled. 

Armlbt,!. a bracelet. Armtdett, 
armleta. Herbert^* Travels, 1638. 
Armonical, a^. Harmonious. 

And in May whan the treea apiyngeth 
and bring forthe theyr odifenuinte 
floures. and thai the birdes bring their 
«rjiMmMiii/ tuuea on the smal grcne 
twigea. Heijfae^ p. IS. 




^Mo?nr, I. Harmooy. LyigaU. 
AH a eoiTaptioB of the name of 
& ctKiQtnr, Annenii. 

An trmn%9 erUcb« 
Thcnpooor arm silcerl^rhe. 

Gy of Warwicke, p. 117. 
0* www w than eme we. 

A., p. 184. 

A«»PU,*C^..M) Annoar. 

^s,j; Subbing or daggering of 
■VL Toong men freqcently 
HKtared Ibcir arms with dag- 
pn, toshow their devout attacb- 
Boit to their miatreaaes, and 
BiagiiBg the Uood with wine, 
dunk it off to their healths, 
^is explaias a paaiage in the 
IJUny 10 Bfereanr, mi the end of 
<WAiiV£«Mb^ "Prom Mtab- 
*&il!^ tad aU Hwb swaggering 
J»«awwii, good Mercury de- 

SR«lBMbccadnm1t to yfmrbealtb, 
»«ji»«« iap-drwou, «t p)MMes. 
b>is^aiBe,«<aM'i ar«#, and done all 
^^M rt protnted galiantnr for your 
"^ ? Mtntom't Dutch Courtezan. 
Hew Bay nOaoU have drank beaKba 
'^ "* Tfcrir ijiiunr V lat * 


**"•»«,*, Afnumr. 

^^ Utt«rwfyf which Bade B^n 


hdgut^t Ximar Poeau, p. 260. 
^•WMtr, «. The wrist. Contir. 

Afttjrw-f./»tof Ae. Arc 

iifiwkes it h seene that dyrert tbnr 
*x.t^ vtucii fonceoe not tbe ciiiuia 


Mmn^s Urmgmmi, p. S88. 
y*3f*«»» this layea mn^e J-'^'yt^ 
*** hfcwda aad tetbe T-getc 

Sr Orpkeo, 13. 

^*»»(l)Toeam. 5»nytA. 

J5».(^..A) Tomn; to flow. 

*-«H ot rf Gknccater, lUao in hya side 

•*^aai kaa bex aiid thcT, aud aiow 

*'»*ie ujit JW. ff/ffwr.. p. 140. 

K«w list frete tabcNir betrnf , 
Blaveyng of pypea. and ek trampyuf, 
Stcdet lepyag, and ek armng. 

Kfttf JiisMuuJar, SilCi. 

(2)t. (^..5.) An eagle. 
(3) For e'er a one. H'ett. 

Arnalms, a. {Medietai Lai, tamaU 
dia.) A kind of disease, men- 
tioned in the early ehnmicles. 

ARNAKT-CHKKaB, J. Ordinary 
eheese made of skimmed milk. 

Aknd, 1 a. (A,'S.) An errand ; 
ABNRDK, J a message. 

Arndbrm, a. Tbe evening. See 

Wliea the nd arudem sbattin^ la the 
light. Draytw*9 Owl, cd. 1746. p. 410. 

Aknbibd, part, p, BroktB with 
nmning ? 

Tb« hora was noofbt i.paied wel, 
lie arnede away with the kinr. 
TboarfFk fdda aod wode HMbtrataa 

And in a mnre don him nut, 
Almnt he hadde deied in buit 
At er hii wonna the stede 
Bopea IB tbe eontr^ thai leide^ 
▲e never tithe, withoate fable, 
Ke com the atcde oat of the stable, 
8o aore be waa mnmed that tide, 
Sitbtba donrta no nan on him rids. 

B«vi» o/MumUnM, p. 70. 

Abnbmbwt, a. (^.-A^) Ink. 

ABNRitoRWB, odp. fiariy noraiag. 
Sea iifnionae. 

Arnbotb, a. Bameat money. 
Prontpt. Porv, 

Arnbts, t. Harness; armour. 

Arks. Tbe form of ar/let, or earnest 
money, prevalent in Lancashire. 

Aritt. (1) A eontraction of have 
not ; am not. For. (ttoL 
(2) a. An errand. Lane, 

Arnut, a. The earth-nut, or pig- 
nut. North. 

Aroint, inierf. A word of expni- 
sion, or avoiding. It occurs in 
Shakespeare, and has been the 
anbject of much discussion. 

Aromatb, 1 ^ ^^. ^ 



a. (lof. 

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The tot her to mirre, the thridde to floor, 
Tlie fertile like to aromate. 

Cursor Mundi. 
Also he that in renadng lyac, 
Ertyr he be amoncjit thrvse, 
Hr aromes beres fro that lie 
Tlirvse of hys bysschope anionest be. 
' Hampole, MS. Botoet, B.7, p. 10. 
A RON, 8. Starch wort. 
Arost, adv. Roasted. 
Thenne mot ych habbe hennen arost. 

Political Songs, p. 161. 

Aroumk, } adv. {AS.) At a dis- 
AROOM, ) tance ; apart from. 
The p:eaunt aroume he stode, 

His bond he tint, y-wis; 

He fleighe as he were wode, 

Ther that the castel is. 

Sir Trislrem, F. Ill, tt vi. 
Tho Alisaunder syi;li this, 
Jroum anon he droH*. y-wis. 

A'. JHsaunaer, 1. 1637. 
Aroun, adv. Around. Still used 

in the North. 
Aroutb. (1) To go; to move 

In all that lond no Christin dnrst aroitt. 
Urry's Chaucer, p. 63. 

(2) An assembly. Gower. 
Arove, (1) adv. Rambling about; 

on the rove. Craven. 

(3) pret. of arive. Arrived. 

In Thamis arote, wher lie had ful sharpe 
shores. Hardyng's Chron., f. 36. 

Arow, ^ adv. In a row, suc- 
Arowe, > cessively. See Arew, 

Tliis day and yesterday I told artnee, 
Tiiut six and thirty tliey had y-sloMe. 

Richard Centr de L., 1. 1787. 
Mv master and his man are both broke 

Beaten the maids arow, and hound Ihe 
doctor. Shakesp. Com. of E., v, 1. 
Tliabot present him a schip 
Ther that muni studi* aroMwe. 

Legend of Pope Greg., p. 31. 

Arowze, v. {Fr. arroser.) To be- 
dew; to water anything. 
The blissful dew of heaven docs aroicze you. 
Beaum. and PI., Turo Nob. A'intm., v, 4. 

Arpent, f. (Fr.) An acre. ** Halfe 
an arpent, that is, nine hundreth 
foote of ground." Holly band' 9 
Dictionaries 1593. 

Arpets, t. A sort of resin, corr 
posed of tallow and tar. Arc/uet 
logia, XXX, 404. 
Arpies, 8, Harpies ; furies. 
Arpine, *. (Fr.) An acre. 
If he be master 
Of poor ten orpines of land forty hon 
longer. Webster's Work's, ii, 5 

Arpit, adj. Quick; ready; pn 
cocious in learning. ShropsA. 
Arr, (1) #. A mark or seam, mac 
bv a flesh-wound ; a pock or &ca 

(2) V. To incite; to egg on ; 
quarrel. Northampt. 
Arr A, 1(1) /iron. Either. Nori 
arr, ] ampt. 
(2) adv. Ever. Northamp 
Arra-one, or arrun, either on 
ever a one. 
Arrablb, adj. Horrible. 
Arrabys, 8. Arabian horses. 
Elfaydes and arrabys, 
Aud'olyfauntez noble. 

Morte Artku 

Arracirs, t. (A.-N.) A term a 
plied to the smaller animals 
the chase, which were skinnc 
similarly to the process nc 
used for hares and rabbits, 
opposition to flayed. 
Arrage, (1) *. (A.'N. araffe.) Vi 
sal service in ploughing the Ion 

(2) V. (A.-N. arragerJ) To 
about furiously. 
Arraiiind, adv. Around. Staj 
Arraign, 9. To arrange. Websi 
Arrals,». Pimples; pocks. Cur 
Arrand, "I 


Arrant, (l)pflr/, a. (i^.-A^.) ] 
rant; wandering. 
(2) adj. Notorious ; as an arn 

Arras, *. A kind of powder, st 
posed to be made of the rot.»i 
the orris. It is mentioned a 
material used in brewing-, a 
also as a powder for spriukli 
the hair. 

An errand. 

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ABKAveBTy pret. of arreaeh. 
Reached; seized by Tiolcnce. 

AsjLAUGBTS, 9, (from fr. or- 
rmeher.) To snatch. 

lEKATC, ». (1) (-^.-M orrayer.) 
To prepare ; to arrange- 
Fe» vbMO will make s fe«te toony of 
i.5« frrjukv. there ben certeyn inna in 
evrrrgodetoane. and helbatjiil muLo 
i> f»te, wil aeye to the hwtellcTe, 
crraifir for Be to monre a pod* dyner. 
f^fnonoYfolk. MMmmd€9ti^* TmeU, 
tL 1S39, p. 3l4w 

(2) To dirty; to cicfUe; to bc- 
Tir. Paiagrave. Also, to ipot 
aiVthiog. /*. See Araye. 

AuiwiG, a. An earwig. Norths 

XKiAviGeLK, #. An earwig. Suff, 
•Uiurcaa,a. Officers who had the 

ewe of the soldiers' snnoor. 
.12*1, 9. To snarl. _ , . , 

AMSAa. «ftr. C^-iV:) Behind. 

T,i«e with .peoi AU-^^,^-^ 

3« ever did 

ber ere sisht toni artre. 

Hucaa* 1 r. To reach. See 

i^asACH, J Areeh^*«itd them. «»«* **• *«?*". ■^; 
^ASTui tSekingea m»je.t6 oato of 
iW toeithera fwh »> te we hjre 
T«.ini.drinied. aad conaMlered, as litfre 
■ ear noorc wyttea can ^rrtcht. 

imcT, a. (I^/-) (1) To impute, 
rioiore he BTT^eUth no bbune of theyr 
li^^ aato tbeBB' _ . mm 

^Th^mm9 Mor^9 W0ri0», p. 271. 

'2) To refer. 

^rT<>efaifi# nato your wrae ezaminaeioii 

H^ dthat I do w anarr «|J2™*I2S- 

St^icm * WorkSt i, o7o. 

^3) To direct. **l arecte, I 
adrme a thyng in the ryght 
^^^^ jmdrttae ; Be nat afrayde 
if thoo be oat of the waye thoa 
ihalte be arreeted, fftdeM poynt 
iitfmmr « /« e9 kara du ehemyn 
tuMemadreaae'r Pabyrave. 
(4) To exect or set ap anything. 

AaaiDT, V. To make readr. 
Aaaaisa, 1 v. To raue. See 

Aanrta, j Araite. 
Aaaaa, adv. Rather. Northampt, 
AaasaB, 1 v. {A.^S.) To rear; to 
AaasAa, J raite. See Arert. 
And out of Sarrye. and oat of Tarkye, 
and out of other rr»ntrrft that he hull, 
he ouiy «rrfr« mo than 60.00IJ. 

MmundetiU's Trafth, p. S8. 

And in the veat parte of the taide walla 
hearrered a fay re and itronce pte. and 
ooRimanded tt to be called Ludd>« GHte, 
whiche at thia day ia rleped LuUiireaie. 
FabiM's Ckromicl4.t.3'2, 

AaRBSB, adj. Strange ; wonderfuL 

ARRBaB-s UPPER, t. (/V.) A rere- 

supper ; a collation terved up in 

the, after the firat 

Arrbbond. Reasoned with. See 


Of the enitomct of Saraainef . and of 

hire lawe ; and how the Soudan vrttond 

me, aucumr of tliis book. 

Maumdevile'i Tmdi, p. 131. 

Arret, V. (Fr. arreier.) To de- 
cree, or appoint. Spen$er. 

Arretted. " Is he," says Cowell, 
**that is covenanted before a 
judge, and charged with a crime.'' 
See his Interpreter^ fol., Ix>nd., 
1658. It is translated by •'ad 
rectum Tocatus," in Rider*$ Die^ 
iUmariet 1640. 

Arridb, v. {Lai. arrideo.) To 
please ; to amuse. 
Tore heaT'na hia hamonrcrnierme ex- 

Egerp 3U»imt<^kis Humour, ii, 1. 

Her form anawera my affection, it 
urrida me ezceedinrly. 

Tkt Jutiguury, 0. P., z, S2. 

Tliia ia a good, pretty, apiah, dorible 
fellow; really he might have made a 
very pretty barber surgeon, if he had 
been pat out in time ; but it arridu me 
cztieamly to think how he will be bob'd. 
SkadweU, The Humorut$, 1771. 

Arridoe, s. The edge of anything 
that is liable to hurt or cause an 
arr. North. 





ARriER£, 8. (Fr.) The hinder 

part ; the rear. 
ARai8HB8,t. The Devonshire term 

for stubble or eddish. 
Arrivancb, f. {A.'N.) (1) The 
arrival of company. 
For every minate is dpecUncy 
Of more arritanee. OtheiU)^ ii, 1. 

(2) Ori^nal abode of a family. 
•*I say, mate, which parish do 
you belong to ?" *• I can't justly 
say, but fother's arrivance was 
fram Sbeperd's-well." (Sibberts- 
wold.) Kent, 

Arrivk, t. Arrival. 

Whoae forests, hills, and floods, then long 
for htT arrive 

From Lancashire. 

Drayt., Pdyolb., Song, 28. 

Tliese novice lovers at their Ant arrivt 
Are bashfull both. 

a^he»Ut*i Du Bmrttu, 212. 

So small a number can no wnrre pretend, 
Therefore their stiauge arrive they neede 

not feare. 
As fSrre as doth their hemisphere extbnd, 
Thry view the sea, hut see no shipping 

neare. Great Britaine's Troy, 1609. 

The verb arrive is sometimes 

used in an active form, without 

the preposition. 

Bnt ere we could arrive the point propos'd, 

Csesar cried, Help me, Csssius, or L sink. 

Ukakesp. Jul. €., i, 2. 

Milton has adopted this form : 
Ere he arrive 
The happy isle. JPar. Lost, ii. 

Arrgdr, v. (Lat.) To gnaw. 
Arrooation, t. (Lat.) Arrogance. 

Arronlt, adv. Exceedingly. Lane. 
Arrosk, v. (Fr. arro9er.) To wet ; 
to bedew. 

— your day is lengthen'd, and 
The blissiul dew of heaven does atrose yon. 
Beaum. ami Ft. 
His navye greate, with many soudyoiires, 
To sayle aiionc into this Bntavn made, 
in Thamia orrtwe, wher he had fui sharpe 

Mardyng'i Chroa., ed. EUu, p. 76. 

Arrow, a4f. (A..S.) Fearful. Ri- 
der. See Argh, 

Arrow- HBAOBRs, «. Manufactar- 

ers of arrow-heads. 
Lantemers, stryngers. grysdcrs, 
Jrowe-keden, nrntemen, and oorn«- 

Coch Lorelks Bote, p. 10. 

Arrt, ad/. Any. Somer»et. 
Arryn^, v. To seize. Coventry 

Mysteriet, p. 316. 
Ars, 8. {A.'N.) Art ; science. 

Oregorii conthe not wel his pars, 
And wele md and songc in laire^ 
And understode wele his ars. 

Legend qfPope Gregory, p. 5K. 

The seven arts, or sciences, of 
tlie schools were Arithmetic, 
Geometry, Music, Astn>noiny, 
Grammar, Rhetoric, and Logic; 
and these were the arts, par ex- 
eettenee, understood in tike aca- 
demical degrees, and in ancient 
scholastic education. A '* roaster 
of arts" meant a proficient in 
these s<Sven arts. They are enu- 
merated in the following lines : 

Tlirojh hye grace of Crist yn lievcn. 
He comiiieused yn the syens avren ; 
Gramattca ys the furtte syens y-wysse, 
Diuleiica the secunde so hare y blyssc; 
RrtJiorica the thrydde, wiihonle nay, 
Mnsica ys the fowrtbc, as y 50W sny« 
Astromia ys the v. by my snowte, 
Arsmetica the vi. wiiiioute dowte, 
Genietria the scventhe maketh an cnde; 
For he vs bolhc mcke and hende. 

MS. Bib. Beg., 17 A I, foL 23. 

Arsard, 1 adj. Unwilling ; per- 

AHfiBT, j verse. Var. dial 
Arsbawst, t. A fall on the back. 

Arsboord, 8. The hinder board of 

a cart. Staff. 

assadbk, m. a kind of oma- 
assady, > mental tinsel. See 
0R8ADT, AtMuL 
0R80EN, ^ 
Are yon puffed up wHh the pride of 
your warea ?— your arudiue ? 

Bartk. r\ur, ii, 3. 
A London vintner's signe, thick jagicrd 
aad rottttd fringed, with theMniiug 
eweadine. Natk's Lenton Sii^. 

Arskfootb. a small water-lbwl; 





girea m the trantktioii of"' mer- 
giiJiis*'iD Higtns's JmUm, ed. 
1585, p. 60. 

AMCLnrG-pOLK, «. The pole with 
vbicfa baken spread the hot 
embers to all pom of the oven. 

AftnuvB, oAr. Badnrards. N&ff. 

Akse^ick, #. The water-pepper. 
"■ Waier-pepper, or m-wemcke : 
»ne call it kilUridge, or cale- 
ncc" Nomatelaiw, 1565. 

Arscpush, «. A Ml OB the hack. 

A2$KSMAaT, «. The persicaria, or 
^ater-pepper, called in old 
Prnidi cfdr^e. See Arttnick, 

ARscraasE, s. "A pretended 
apeti, written upon the door of 
la boose to keep it from hum- 
in?." Blount's GloMiographia, ed. 


AisiWA&B,«db. Backward. Cmmb. 

AagEwispE, ». Rider gives this 

«ord as the translation of anUer- 

Aaslk, v. To mo?e backwards ; to 

%et. Beai. 
AisMiraiK, «. Arithmetie. 

^ vmeiiyh, be CMtyng of nombnxy, 
Cam PykteiEons for her part£. 

LgdgmU** Mimor PoemM, p. 11. 

Attoanraa, oAr. However. Letc. 

Amouw, 1 1. (^.. N-) The bow of 
ABSO.V, la saddle; each saddle 
Auus, J having two araouns, one 
in hoot, the other behind. 

iB ax he kente of metall bnmu 
IBiMlKBS on kja fonacst crsoim. 

Or^dRM, 1. 1106. 

'ft* fang tt favS OTRMM. 

Xf^mtu 2>iM»mM» I. IS9S. 
He bnf hit heorte and kia ponioo, 
Aad tfazcflw him over •rtun. 

K. JUmtimder, L 4B7S. 
^ UaateM cave him CHch a bnffet, 
that the «rw. of b» niddie lirokfi,«ad 
■0 be lev orer bb hoTM's UiL 

JUMy, ^. 1^ K. Jrikur, v. i, p. 190. 
&' liuotlot pmed Ikronfch them, aad 
tittJy Itt tariKd him in a^in, and 
mat iBstiia- kai^t tkrangtoDt the 

body, aad throogh the bone's anm 
more than an ell. /!., p. 870. 

In the following eiample it seems 
to be Hsed for the saddle itself: 

He seboT him qnvcly adena. 

And leop himaeolr in the artotm. , 

Aest. ndt. {A.-S. <treit.) Tirst ; erst. 
And pride in richrw e r^i^neth 
Rather than in pm-erte : 
Jnt in tlie maiete r thnn ia the man 
Bom maneion be bareth. 

Pi*r»PI^p. 887. 

AasTABLs,#. An astrolabe. 
Hia cr«toM0 be lok oot wme. 
Theo cofura he tok of aoane and mone, 
Theo conra of the planetii aeren, 
He lelda alao andar bcren. 

C JUtammitr, ^SfJ. 

Arston. a. A hearthstone. 

Arst-vbrst, adt. Upside down ; 

preposterously. BrmyUm* 
Art, ( I ) t. A quarter ; a point of 

the compass. iVor/A. 

(2) Sight. Exmoor. 
Abtb, 1 ». {Lat. mreio.) To con- 
ARCT, J strain ; compel; urge. 

And ore all thU. ftil mokil more hr thonght 
What fortoipeke, andwhattohotden inne. 
And what to mrtiu her to love he aought. 

Ckaueer, Tr. and Cret., LVry, p 27». 
Love artid rae to do my obaervaunce 
To bia eaUte, and done bim uhcisHunee. 

Court of Lne, I'nj, p. 660. 
WherthnijEb, they be artifd by neces- 
aity so to wateh, Inbour, and grub in the 
j^rounde for their ansteiiaunce. tliat their 
nature ia mwch waaiid, and the kynd of 
them hronght to nowglit. 
Fortttme m JhwUte Moiutrehy, p. 2S. 

Artbck. Eighteen. Bvtnaor. 

Art*maoe,«. The art of magic. 
And ihToogh the cnfte of artemagt. 
Of weae he forged an ymage. , ^ ^^^ 

Artee, prep. After. Var. dial 

Artkttkbs, *. {Gr.) A disease 
affecting the joioU; a sort of 

Arth-staff, t. A poker used by 
blacksmiths. Skropsh, 

Artjiua, a. A game at sea, de- 
scribed in Croae. 

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A&THV&-A-BKADLET. A Teij po- 
pular old song, frequently re- 
ferred to. Three songs are still 
preserved relating to this hero. 
One of them is published in Rit- 
son's edition of Robin Hood, and 
another may be seen in Dixon's 
Ancient Poenu, p. 161. 

Arthur's-show. An exhibition of 
archery by a toxophilite society 
in London, of which an account 
was published in 1583, by Richard 
Robinson. The associates were 
fifty-eight in number, and had 
assumed the arms and names of 
the Knights of the Round Table. 

ARTICX.B, t. (I) Comprehension. 

(2) A poor creature; a wretched 

Articulate, v. (Lai.) To exhibit 
in articles. 

Artier, t. (Fr.) An artery. 

Artificial, adj. Ingenious ; art- 
ful ; skilful in art. 

Artillery, t. This word was for- 
merly applied to all kinds of 
missile weapons. 

Artnoon, t. Afternoon. Etstx. 

Art-of-memory, 9. An old game 
at cards. Compleat Gameater, ed. 
1709, p. 101. 

Artow, v. Art thou ; a common 
contraction of the verb and pro- 
noun in MSS. of the 14th cent., 
and still preserved in the dialects 
of the North of England. 

Artry, It. Apparently a con- 

ATTRY, J traction of flr/i/fery. See 

NieJiok'aRoy. frtto,pp.284,288. 

Artdate, v. {Lat.) To tear mem- 
ber from member. 

Arum, 9. An arm. 

And he ham on tliora his arwn, 
Therof is fal mikel harum. 

BtuOok, 1992. 

Arundb, f. An errand. Perhaps 

it should be printed amnde, 
Aruwb, t. An arrow. 

Ac an mnwe oway he bare 
In his eld wounde. 

Sir Triitrewi, p. S04. 

Aryal, #. A fnneral. Nortk, Arvai. 
aupper is a funeral feast given to 
the friends of the deceased, at 
which a particular kind of coarse 
cake, composed of flour, water, 
yeast, currants, and some kind of 
spice, called arval-bread, is some- 
times distributed among the poor. 

Arvyst-gos, 9. A stubble goose. 

A Tone wyf and an wj/st-f/oi, 
liocne gagil with botlie. 

Rtiiq. Jntiq., ii,113. 

Arwe, pbiral onewM, arewen, as 
well as arewe9, orwet, «. {A.-SJ) 
An arrow. 

Myd an»e», and mrd qnareles so nracbe 
folk first me alow. 

Bob. o/Gloue^ p. 48. 
Of solde he sent hym a coroane^ 
And a swithe fair faukoune, 
Tweye bt^le hornea. and a bowe also. 
And fy?e arewen ek therto. 

Arwe, (1) v. (J.^S. eargioL) To 
render timid. 

(2) a4f. Timid; fearful. See 

Thou saist soth, hardy and bard. 
And thou art as arwe coward ! 
He is t)ie turste in echo baiaile ; 
Tbou art byhynde ay at the lalle. 

K, Aluaundtr, S340. 

Arweblast, t. A crossbow or ar- 

The galeye wente alsoo faste 
As quarrel dos off the mwebUut, 

Biehturd Cetur de JAo», 2624. 

Arwe-man, «. A bowman. (?) 
He calde bothe orvMnat and kene, 
Knithes and serganx swithe sleie 

ITowfeit, 311S. 
Arwyooyl, t. An earwig. PrompL 

Parv. See arrawiggU, 
A&yne, pre9t, LpL Are. A pro- 
vincial pronunciation of am, 

For alle the sorowe that we ayue innc. 
It ea like dele for onre syne. 

Aryoles. (Lat. kariolus,) Sooih* 
sayers; diviners. 

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.juHteaiictSr. or iher g<Ml Flioo- 

j ^^tder, 3748, ^^ 

Vn^#. Arras. '' Uj. Pf*^ ?^ 

^ That; which ; wbo. J^^^U^'^s 
-He-fcomes/'for he who comes, 
la Lek»te«h- they say « ^^^ ^' 

tor. as yet. ^ , 

A-CAo^Air. Sad; sorrowriU- 

AsAiLB, r. To sail. _.«.?l - to 

ai^^aaWT ThoT^i e^e ^he« torn 

A..«riaD.#. Liter»ny. ash^* ^. 

a box in which ashes arc c»» 

«bom Beria of »*™P\^e old 
9«d, according *^^^*^e aecn 

51 the aty »st« ?f^^"^,^ - full 
ttewaa said to «jave "^ - ^g 

^'^ 's:rJ ST. we.*^i.d 

fc«e, mder his arm 1 ^^ " , 
faded to hr Shakespeare^i^ywn, 
Sdather'BUxabethais writers, 
p. To escai^e. 
Aaci^ a. A peiaoa who asks. 

Broken Uke an t^^ 



ad0. C^-^SO O) Ob. 
Uqoely; aslant. 

.^ S«ae bad ptooplied the for- 

(2) As if. 

And vroot the dudm alwar, ■• )ic ttood. 
Of aUe folk that gaf hem euv f(o<Mi, 
^<tf«««M«« that he wolde for ficm prrjr. 

Ckauctr, Cani. T., 7325. 

(3) Searcely. 

jMknuu the mav nat to the lettrci aej nnj. 
JLjfOfAt^M Minor Fi,enu,'p. So. 

AscAUNT,^«p. Across. 

There is a wiUoir frowB tueatnt the hrook 

That ihrwi his hoar ltn\ es in the glativ 

streaui. EnmUl, \v, 7. {early 41m'.} 

Ascend Airr, t. A term in judicial 
astrology, denoting that degree 
of the ecliptic, which is rising in 
the eastern part of the horizon at 
the time of any person's birth : 
supposed to have the greatest 
influence over his fortune. Com- 
monly used metaphorically for 
influence in general, or effect. 

lis well that senraat's gone; I shall the 

Wind up his master to my purposes ; — 
A good tuoendant. 0. FLt vii, 137. 

AacsNT, ff. See Jueni, 
AscH-CAKB, ff. A cake baked under 

AscHE, V. To ask. This form oc- 
curs chiefly in MSS. of the I4th 
cent. The word had soft formi 
in A,.S., ahnan. See A$i, 
AacHBs, ff. Ashes. See An. 
ASCHBWILE, V. (A.-S. ofcaUoHf to 
send away). To drive away. 
An hwanne heo habeth me ofslahe, 
Heo honyeth me on hcore balic ; 
Thar ich asekaeele pie and crave 
From than the thar is i-sove. 

HuU ttnd Nfgktingak, 1. 1601 

AacHONNB, V, To shun ; to avoid. 

They my5te not uaekoimt the sorowe the) 
had served. 

JkpoiitUm qfRUkard TJ, p. 14 

AscHOSB, adu, (i^.-SL an eyrre,] 

A moneth after mon myghtte horn a food 
Lyand styU on the grownd, 

Thei mvght nouer ryde ne goo. 
Ever after the dogges wer so starke, 
lliei stode uekore when thei schuld harke 

Her feytt thei drew hom soo. 

SwUtyng of tht Hart, L 25€ 

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A9CHRENCUE, V. (AS oscrencaii.) 
To shrink ; to make to shrink. 
That deth that hi naitondeth nonji^ 
Ac ech othren M^rmeheth. 

WilUam dt Shoreham. 

AsciLL, *. Vinegar. Chester Plays, 

ii, 75. See AiseL 
AsciTB, 9. To summon; to call. 
AscLANDBRD, part. p. Slandered. 
AscoN, 0. To ask. Jtob, Glove, 

^f™^'!-*- Acres.; Mtride. 




Nif he'd a pumple-root hezide 
An a braniBtick vor'n to zit asenie^ 
O' wizards a mid be thawt tUa pnde, 
Aniangst a kit o' twenty. 
Jeaningi Observations, 1825, p. 118. 

AsCRY, V, (A.'N. eserier.) (1.) To 
cry ; to proclaim. 

(2) To assail with a shout 

(3) To betray. 

(4) To descry, to discover. Pals- 

AscRYVE, 9. To ascribe; to impute. 
AsE, (1) ». Ashes. North. 

(2) eonj. As. 
AsBLB, V. {A.-S.) To seal. 

Tliat brouKht hym lettre« apeciele, 
Aaeljfd witii the barouna aele. 
Thai toldeii hym, hya bruthir Jbon 
Wolde do corowue hym anon. 

Bichard Ceatr de L. 1. 6472. 

AsELY, V. (A.-N.) To assoil, give 

The Englysse al the ayjt byrore vaste 

bygon to aynee. 
And aoende al tiie nyjt in glotanye and in 

Tiic riitrmans ne dade nojtso, ac hii cryede 

on God vaste, 
Aitd laryre hem eeh after oUter, the mile 

tlie nyjt y-laste» 
And amorwe hem lete asely wyth myhle 

herte ynoa. £0^. Glouc, p. sdO. 

AiEs^t port. p. Seen. 
AsBRB, 9. (A.'S. asearian.) To be- 
come dry. 

Nou ben hise boiree awai i'Sschore;, 
And mochel orhiae beauts forlorr — 
Tliarfore that olde tre lea his pride. 
And ai0fwfbi that o aide. 

Setyn Sages, L 606. 

Asehvk, 9. (1) To desert. 

(2) To serve. 
AsEssB, 9. To cause to cease ; 


Bnt he bethoughte hym, aftyr tbenae 

Tliat he wolde leva ther al hys menae 

And, with bis pryvy meyn6. 

Into Yngclond tneitnc wolde be. 

And asesse the werre anon 

Betwyxc hym and hys brother Jhon. 
Richard Caur del., I. 63 

AsETH, s. Satisfaction for an inju 

We may not be assoyled of tho trespat 

Bot if we make aselk in that at we im 

MS Earl., 1022. f. Ci 

AsETNEs, ff. {A.'S. asetnys.) A 

This ilke abbot at RamBai 
Metnes set in his abbai, 
Thttt in this Ber%'i8 for to stand 
Ai quiiii that al>bai be laataucL 
MS. Med,, cited in Bouc 

Aliaaundre wente ageyn 
Quyk atiwetA him ai Hie men. 
r. AlisawuUr, U 2 

AsEW, adv. Applied to a cow w] 
drained of her milk, at the e 
son of calving. Somerset. 
AsEWRE, adj. Aznre. 
AsEWRYD, part. p. Assured. 
AssrsT, part. p. (A.'S.) Lost. 

Al here atyl and treaonr was al-ao am 
Bob. Glou<r., p 

Ab-fast, adv. Anon ; immediat 
AsGAL, s. A newt. Shrqpsh. 
Ash. (1) Stubble. South. « 

tressel, asehe of corn." ^c 

de Bihblesworth. 

(2) To ask. Lane. See //«*. 
Ash-bin, s. A receptacle for ai 

and other dirt. Une. 
AsH-CANDLBs, s. The aeed po 

the ash-tree. Dorset. 
Afhblt, adv. Probably ; perb 

Lane. It is usually pronoui 

as two words. 
Ashen, s. Ashes. North. 
AsHBRLAND, s. "Assarts, or "wi 

land grub'd and plougtied 


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AsHiBo. fm1.pL Maiie white* at 

with wood ashes. 
OU Viatrr. dad ia kicli fmres, iStoven of 

>;7!eanof m liis eres. who stQl doth poe 
i« » me gowae, mAm^ with flakes of snow. 
Stpeood^t M^fiagt Triumpke, 1613. 

AsHiiH, Aft*. SidewaTS. Somenet. 

AsH.KETs, ». The fruit of the ash. 
The failare of a crop of ash-keys 
is bdicTed in some parts to por- 
tend a death in the royal family. 
Sm touakea^ck-tet-kedgt. Then the 
torict of the white or liaw-thorae, 
anom. uik-kefa mixed tofsether, mnil 
tkse vroQgfator vouudap in a rope of 
Kn*. will serre, bat that tbej wil be 
woFToat loncer in growinf^. 

Aflfdn'a Smrweyor^s Dtmiogue, USIO. 

As^ELMtl'- He*"" or squared 
achilbeT J **^"*' foi" building. 

AsHLAR-WALi., a. A Wall, the stones 
of which are hewn in regular 
eoorse and sise. ** An a$hier wail, 
frKMtose hewed with a mason's 
tx into smoothness, q. axtter." 
Tktr99k^9 Utter to Ra^, 1703. 
^A flight of arrows, that harmed 
an nkiar-toail aa little as many 
bOsteacs." The Abbot, 

^iaaui,gdj.(ji.^) Aside. fiPca/. 
It is Qsed in the sense of mjar, 
sp|>lied to a door. See Atohore. 

A$B.pAy,iL A pan fitted to the 
onder part of the gnrte, to receive 
the asbcs fram the Hre. Xtnc. 

^B.Tai7e,a. Aooal^acuttle. North, 

AsHUHCHE, V. To repent? 

M^ sbappie; ae mey hit mc askmuk*, 
5«i y aever wyeche ne wy.e ; 

lea an a naide, thai me of-thsache, 
l«ef aw wwe fome bunte g7le. 

Z^WcPotf^ry.p. S8. 

AsiDKx, aJa. On one side ; aslant. 
VW. Bider has omdenam in his 
BicRoaarie, 1640, in the same 


^iLs, t. (£af.) An asTlom. 
As».«($. Made of ashen wood. 

MydeucWamik. if yosir hoDor and my 
^(n toaid acconl with the kw of the 

a. (A.^S. 4MM.) A 
water newt, w liiard. 

Bidefttla flnuar 1 kipe, f^od hHpe mc to 
in niT moat nide na I « uUI glnitiy hi tli.iC 
one joint fore yonr •«(* Hbtide «iih nif. 
but aioa I can not that 1 wold, I wil do 
that I may, and wU rather diinke in an 
Mjji cup than yott or yonia shude not 
be aoccerd both hy aea and land, yra and 
that with all spede noasibie, and let this 
my scr^liny haua wimea it to them 
alL Yours as my own, 


AsiNABY, odj. Asinine. 

AtfiNDB. /»orf.^. Assigned, //ejf- 

vood, 1556. 
AaiNSGO. See Atnne^, 
AsiNoa, a. Easings. Shroptk, 
AsiT, 9. To ait against, so as to 

receive the blow without being 

Vo man ne myghte with strenftbe anttf 

Hjs swordes draoKht. Oclosian, 1C65. 






Snakes and nedcres thar he faad. 
And ffTtX blac tadft yaDjCHTid, 
And arskeM and other worntrs feUe, 
That I can aobt on Iiifriis telle. 

MS. Ue4„ I4ii cent. 

Ask. adj. Applied to the weather, 
meaning damp. "The weather 
is so atk." Yorkth. 
Arkauncb, adv. Aside ; sideways. 
Nearly the same meaning as a«- 
kew, and given as the same word 
in Bider* $ Diclumariet 1640. See 
Asks, v. (A.^S.) To ask; to require. 
Ho so hit temprath by power, 
8o hit oMkitk in snclw mancr. 

^Hf Mittmudtr, L 6319. 

AsKZVTSS, ff. {A.-S.) A fire blower. 
The word is translated by ciniflo 
in the Prompt. Parv. "Ciniflo, 
a fvre blowere, an yrrn hetere, 
Ktk'oMkefyct:* MS, Medulla, In 
the Prompt. Parv, we find the 
following entry, ** AttefiK, ci- 
niflo." It seems that atktfae 
was used in a contemptuous 
sense to signify a man who re- 

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mained snug at home while 

others went out to exercise their 

AsKEN, 8. pL Ashes. 
AsKKR, s,{l) A scah. 

(2) A land or water newt. ritr. 

AsKKs, ff. Ashes. See An* 
Askew, adv. Awry. Bared Jhe^ 

arte, 1580. 
AsKiLE, adv. Aslant; obliquely; 

What tho' the scornfal miter looks tukiU, 
And pouts and frowns and curseth tliee 

the while. 3p. Hall, Sat., t, S. 

Askings, «. The publication of 

marriage by banns. Yorkth, 
AsKOFy adv. Deridingly ; in scoff. 
Alisannder lokid attof. 
As he no gef nought therof. 

Almiundert 1. 874. 
ASKOWSB, V, To excuse. 

Bot thow can luJbioMtbe, 
Thow schalt aber, v till the. 

F\rere and the Boy, st. xzxt. 

AsKBYBt «. A shriek ; a shout. 
AsKusB, 9. To accuse. 
Owre Lord gan appose them of ther grete 
Bothe to tuhue hem of ther synful blame. 
Ludut Co9€ntM, p. 8. 

AsKT, (1) a^. Dry; parched. 

(2) p. {A.'S. ateian.) To ask. 
To asti that never no wes. 
It is a fole askeing. 

5ir 2H«/rm, p. SOO. 
AsLAKB, 0. (A.^S. oikeian.) To 
slacken, or mitigate. 
And the fleashe to please 
Sorowes to atlukr. 

The Bote q/T Mttyd Smlfn. 

AsLASH, adv. Aslant; crosswise. 

AsLAT, adj. Cracked, as an earthen 
vessel. Devon. 

A-SLAWB, part. p. Slain. For 
y-ilawe; in this and similar cases 
of verbs, j. prefixed merely re- 
presents the usual y- or i-. 

XiULVfOdv. Aslope. SomereeL 

Aalevo), part p. Sleepy. 

And Yemngii, at that cas. 
So sore asleped was. 
He no might fixht no more. 

Bwlaud a$td fernofm, p. S' 
AsLBT, adv. Obliquely. 

Aryde or ucydenandys, or guUt < 
asluute: Oblique rel a latere. ProiMju 
Pan. Aslet or aslowte : Oblique. 1% 

AsLEw, adv. Aslant. Suseejc. 
AsLiDE, 9. To slide away; to dc 

\-sLov, pari.p. Slain. 
Aslope, adv. Sloping. 
AsLOPEit, part. p. Asleep. An nn 

usual form, used by Middleto: 

the dramatist apparently for tli 

mere purpose of rhyme. 
A8L0SH,<u/r. Aside. *' Stand atlb«/ 

Ablough, pret. t. a. AeUnoen^ j^ 

Slew; killed. 
AsLouTB, adv. Obliquely. Pronepi 

Parv. ^etAelet. 
AsLUPPB, V. (A.'S.) To slip away 

to escape. 
Bet«re is taken a eomeliche y-dothe. 

In armes to ensue ant to clnppe« 
Then a wrecche y-wedded so wrotbe, 
Thah he me slowe, ne myhti htm a^mppt 
LjfHc Poetry, p. fc 

^ASTLT,}^"^- Willingly. North. 
AsMATBYK, ff. Apparently a oor 

ruption oi arithmetie. Coventry 

Mytterieit p. 189. 
AsMELLB, V. To smdL 
AsociB, V. (A.'N. oineier.) Tc 

AsoiTB, V. To soften. 
AsoMPBLLE, ff. An example. 3£S 

AsoNDRi, adv. {A.'S. on ffMndSr^a.] 

Asunder ; separately. 

Atondry were thei nerere, 
Na moore than rayn hand mnj 
Mere withonte my fTngrea. 

Pien PL, p. SuR 
AsoNKB, pret. t. Sunk. 
AsooN, adv. At even. North. 
AsosHB, ^adv. Awry; aslant. 
ASHOSHB, J £)(u/. See^nratA. la 

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the time of Henry VIII, PaUgraTe 
introdoced this word into his 
Dictiooanr, intended for the spe- 
cial instruction of the Princess 
Msnr, ind has added in ez- 
plsnatiooy "as one weareth his 

A'SOjjKD, adv. In a swoon. 

Asocaa, t. *'Guinme of oiottfv.*' 
jR^Uq. Antig., i, 53. Tbe meaning 
is uncertain. 

AsoTLB, ». See AttoUe. 

AdOTLiNGEfff. Absolution. 

AsoTNKDB, par/.j>. Excused; re- 

Asp, 8. The aspen tree. A Here- 
fordshire word. It occurs in 
Florio's New fTorld of ff^ordt, 
1611, p. 68. 

AsPAas, 9. (from ^.-5. atparian.) 
To spsre. 

And wren be wu m nygard. 
That DO pood iDTf hte tupare 
To ficod ne to /icmmed. 

Pi«r«P{., p. SOS. 

AspAiTD, adv. Astride. North, 
AspBccioux, f. {A,'N,) Sight. 
AspECHE,s. A serpent. ^tRAtpiei, 

the more usual form. 
AspECFEfS. Expectation. 

Tb« 10. of Jsn I was disrhai^d from 
l»nds at the aaaizea contrary to the 
csfcte of all men. Forman's lAary. 

Aspsy.LEAF, s. Metaphoricallyi 

the tongue. 

For if they mytehte be snffred to begin 
'>ne4 in the con^rcffaciou to M in 
(1 :9TiiitinK, those afp^*-leat€9 of theira 
■oiihl ncTer leave tr (^nfyof^* 

Sir T. Mores Worka, p. 769. 

AsPEK, 9. A kind of Turkish coin. 

AspBRAUNCK, #. (A.'N.) Hope, 

For nperaunee, 
AspEEAUNT, ad;. (A.-N.) Bold. 

And hare horses arenaunt. 

To hcni atalwurtlie and tup^munl. 

MiM»nd.'r, i. 4871. 

AspERGiTSG, t. A sprinkling. 

AsPEaLICUR, 1 j_ o 1 !«, 

AsPKKNATiON, $. {Lai.) Neglect ; 

AapsaNK, V. (Lai.) To disregard. 
AspBRaioN, «. (^/.) Asprinkling* 
As PRODI L, s. A daflbdil. 
AspiCK, 9. ( 1 ) A species of serpent* 

an asp. 

So Pbanohs rat rtr he herin the fray 
'Gainst the bliMlc aspick, w\\h a deariag 

rpoD his cost he wraps an earthrn rake, 
lAliich a/tcmard the inni hoi hrama doo 

bake. SfUt*lcr'§ I)m Bmrtm. 

(2) The name of a piece of ord- 
nance, which carried a twelve 
pound shot. 
AsPiB, (1) 9. {A.'N.) To espie; 
to discover. 

Sche hath at soole nd cDcs wber hini 

Til fviwlly sche fcan of hem amft. 
That be waa last <rTn in tlic Jevrcrit. 

Chaucer, Unt. r.,L IWOl. 

(2) #. A spy. 
AspiLL, 9. A rude or silly clown. 

AspiouR^t. A spy; a scoot. 
AsPYRB, V. {Lot,) (1) To inspire. 

God allowed, assy«te<l, and ajpyred them 
by his grace therrin. 

6ir T. Mor*'* Works, p. 937. 

(2) To breathe ; to blow. The 
word occtirs with this explanation 
in Rider* 9 Dictionaries 1640. It 
is used by Shakespeare as a verb 
active, to ascend, without the 
particle which now usually ac- 
companies this word. 

TTutil onr bodies tarn to elementi. 
And both our aonis aip(r<'ceirstial Ihrnnes. 
Marlowt't Tam^riaiHe, 1690. 

AspiftEMENT, 9. Breathing. 
AspoHTATioN, 9. {Lat.) A carrying 


And makest fortune wrath and atper 
by thine ini]>ncienre. 

Chaucer t Jioetkitu, p. 366, col. 1. 

f bitter. 

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ASP no 


He saith tliat thcwnytohctreniistraltc 
ind oMwre and painful. 

Sir T. Mcre'i Works, p. 74- 

PRBAD, jwrr/. p. Spretd out. 

PRELY, adv. Ronghly. 
PRENB8SE, 8. Roiighness. 
PRONG, pret, t. Sprang. 
PROVs, adj. Bitter; angry; in- 
clement. Leie. They say, " Ifi 
I very a»p"rou» day." 
fXVAPyadv. Sitting on the hougha. 

auARE.lote. On the square; 
8WABB, J at a safe distance. 
1 twore bj lejut Amyan, that he ihold 

th siroki hard and lore, eren oppott the 


he hym myght fynd,he nothing wold 

lyni spare. 

It herd the pardoner wele, and held hym 

etter tuqiuare. 

FroL to Hist. sfBeryn, 1. 691. 

QUINT, adv. AyiTj, 


8 KEN, 

9,pL {A.'S.aate, tBtce,) 
Ashes. Pronounced 
eu in Staffordshire, 
» Cheshire, and Derby, 
shire. It occurs in the 
singular, '' Askt or 
asshe: cinis vel ciner." 
Prompt, Part. 

The wyiide of thiike belyes acholde 
nrver puudre ne aschfn altyde, tlint ia 
dedlcche man. which i« aeid'tbat tueken 
ud poudre and dong is. 

^«MM» qf tks Monk, MS., f. 56 b. 
And brand til Mshsm al bidene. 

Havelok, I. S841. 
mk man, he layi, askes ertow now, 
1 into tukss agayn turn mltow. 

MS. Coll., Oulia, £ ix, f. 76. 
srwiih the fuyr of jeloueye uptterte 
thinne his brest, and heiit hi in by the 

wodly, that Hk was he to byholde 
I box-tree, or the asscken deed and coldf . 
Chaucer, Cant. T., 1. 1301. 
rheir hereaiea be burned up, and fal 
aa flatte to ashen. 

Sir T. Mare's Wifrks, p. 4M. 
wolde Boche damiellys yn fjre were 

It ihe asskes with the wynds awey 
aygUt fly. JUiig. Jntiq., i, i». 

As8, V. To asV; to command. Cffmb. 

and Lane. This form occurs in 

MSS. of the 14th and 15th 


A88ADT, ^ #. Gold tinsel. See 

A8SADYN, Artadine and Atsi- 

ARSBDYKB, [^ due. There is a 

AR8BDTNB, [ ChaigC of 2d. foX 

ORSADT, " anady and redde 

OR8BDEN, J wai" in the ac- 
counts of the expences for a play 
at Coventry in 1472, published 
in Sharp*9 Dissertation, p. 193 
The word is spelt with many 
variations, and in the one series oi 
accounts just mentioned it oc- 
curs in the following different 
£xpeni. ayenst midsomer nyght ; 
Imprimis, assttdf to the crests . vj. d 

1477. Item, for assodyn, silver papnr, aoi 

sold papur, gold fqyie, and (rrem 
foyle . \j. i. ij. d 

1478. Item, for atmim for the hanies x . d 
1484. Item, payd for a paper of arsf 

difks .... xO d 

AssAiBs, a. ** At all assaies," s*. «. 
in all points. 

Shorten thou these wicked daifs; 
Thinke on thine oath at alt aseairs. 
Dra^Um's Harwumis of the Church, U91 

Assail, a. An attack. 
My parts had power to charm a saertd sob 
Who, disciplined and dieted in {rmcr, 
Belier'd her eyes when I th' asseul bcsnn 
Shakesp., Idmer's ComfUumi 

AssALVB, V, To salve ; to allay. 

Assart, s. {A.»N.) Assart lands 
parts of forests cleared of wuod 
and put into cultivation, f(>r whicl 
rents were paid, termed assar 
rents. It is used also as a verij 

Assassinate, s. Assassination* 

What hast thou done. 
To make this barbarous hast- aji«aRMa/< 
Vpon the peraon of a priuct*? 

DoHteCs Cirii Wars, ixi,7i 

AssATiON, ff. {Lat,) Roasting. 
Assault, 1 adv. Maris appefnu 
ASSAUT, j said of a bitch or otii«* 
female of animals, and someiin.r 

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a coBtemptBoos senie of a 

To coe MMM^ or onrad, ■« a 

iaic&<Uli. JVmmmMt, lott. 

iai vbiimo tke fixene be «nmr/, and 
task J1S liwc tore, and srhe lecheth the 
dsfir *», she cryetk witli an boot 
^eii, as a wood booad doith. 


If wf Biaii vitliinne tbe lordibtpe 
l»:«i£ any licke Uiat goeth «iati/< 
TTiLiaiie tbe aaaoe lordabipc. he thai 
Bate a iae fOT bir unto the lord of 

Ahaut, 1 #. {A.'N.) An awauU. 
i-5AWTK,J SiiU used in SUrop- 

Ijod bv a«iss< be vam tbe dt< aftnr, 
Asd reate dcioa bothe w*l «nd apaiTe 

adRftur. C*««*r.Ourf. r 991. 
iadat tbe kiod-gate, byng Bicbaid 

Sickard Coer d* Uon,\VSi. 

i«ArTAJiL«, «C/^ Capal)lc of 

be^ taken. 
AfUTX, au To «*fe 
ittAT. «. (^.-iV.) (1) B»My ; tml. 

¥4, teflU je me wit We offence ? 
mtm'M Audemi Songt, p. 108. 

(2; An examiiiation of weights 
iad mesiiireft, br the derk of the 
Baikct; alao of silver in tbe 

i3. The prooeas of drawing a 
iii^ ak>Dg tbe belly of a deer, 
^■Bins et tbe brisket, to try 
fe^ &t he U5 1^ **» <^^*=**» 
ttbmv cfMiy. or atfy- 

Gfldctcd tbe crett49at 

of «!«• tb«l tber were. 

tmldiddem. hem derely nido. 

.^.^ « tat, tbcaaay 

Ma»c ttei thcr were, 

t»o iTiKcerea th«y fonde 

fi^cys «»d Otf ^.'«., 1. 2S97. 
^4) The point at which the knife 
altkebaaferwrBB inserted in the 
bwrt of Ae bode for the par* 
pwe of 3fciCCTtatfi*>g his fatness. 

At tbe MMjr Utte him. that hrnlet may 

Anoo flit or leor, whether that be bee ;~ 
At tbe chaulrt to br;> n. loone as jc uuy. 
And alK biiii dovne to the MMjr, 
Aad fro the oMay, eren down to tbe bdy 
•bal ye alvt. 

Book of Si. Jlbmu, chap. "Hate y« 
skM hrtke en /f«r/." 

(5) The most frequent me of the 
term in former times, was in 
matters relating to the office of 
pradihator, or taster, in palacet, 
and tbe honies of barons, where 
there was an officer, who was 
called the aaaytr. The sewer 
roost commonly took the anaiet 
but tbe other officers also some- 
tiflMs did the same ; such as the 
panter, who tasted the contents 
of the trenchers ; the yeoman of 
the ewrie, who drank of the 
water with which the lord was 
to wash his hands ; the roarshall 
sainted the towel, with which he 
was to wipe his hands, by way of 
mtme; and the cup-bearer was 
to swallow a small portion of the 
Uqaor which he presented, as an 
tutaU* In short, so great were 
the apprehesaiona of poison and 
danger in nntned food, that no 
▼lands were served up at the 
tables of the great, wikhoet being 
uftt M$tn€tL 

Kysf Rycherd ante dome te dy««r, and 
waa lerved viUiout eorteeie or M«aya; 

he mncbe mervKvlyng at the aodnvDe 
nratacion of the thvnc, demauiiUetl of 
the eaqoier why he ayu not hit duety. 

nratacion of the thvnc, 
" e ayu n 

(6) Metaphorically, the attempt, 
the moment of doing a thing. 

And ryghl as be wis at ««a,v0, 

Hya lyliyng vaiiyacht all awuye. 
Ut Bam»nannc$ <^Mom, 1 1600. 

(7) Experienoe* 

SborU wy tted laen aad lyttell of c«fa|w, 
nye that Panulyae ia lanfce layllyngc out 
of the rrthe that men dweUe inne, and 
also departeth frouo the ertbe, and is 
as hygbe at tbe nione. 
Quotation in NuU» to Morte ^Jrikur, 

d by Google 




Ass AYE. r. {A'N.) To try; to 
prove ; to taste. 

"Ccrtcs," quod frudencc, "If ye wil 
virche by my coan&eil, ye ichul not 
assaye fortuue by no maner way, ne 
Bchiil not lenc ne bowe onto hire, after 
the wordofSenec." 

Chaucer, T. ofMelibeui. 

Hereni>on the companie assayed to 
convey it to St Augiutines. 

Lambarde's Perambulation, p. 116. 

Contyncwyngc which feaste, twoo noble 
and yonge knighiis amonge other hap- 
pened to assey eyther other in wrasi- 
fynge. Trevisa, f. 84. 

AasAYiED, parL p. Satisfied. Phil- 
pot* 9 Works, p. 376. 

Assaying,*. "An aMaytn^, or flour- 
ishing with a weapon before one 
begins to play." Rider' 9 Die- 
iionariet 1640. ** Assaying, a 
terra us'd by musicians, for a 
flourish before they begin to 
play." Kersey's English Die- 
tionary, 1715. 

AssAYNB, s. A term in hare hunt- 
ing. B. of Si, Albans, sig. d, iv. 

AssBuuRD, s, A box for ashes. 

AsscuRBiNT. See Asshreint, 

AssB. In the following passage at 
asse seems to mean prepared. 

And fond onr men alle at asse, 
Tliat the Paiena no nii'jht passe. 

Jrthour and Merlin, p. 278. 

Asse A SB, v. {low Lat.) To cease. 

AssECUREfV. (1) To make sure of ; 

to make safe. 

And so hath Hcnrie asseeur'd that side. 
And therewithal! iiis suite of Gasconie. 

Daniel's Civil Wars, iv, 9. 

(2) To give assurance. 


AssECUTiON, 9. {Lat.) Acquire- 
ment ; the act of obtaining. 

AssB-EARE, #. The herb conifrey. 
Nomenclatory 1585, p. 137. 

AssEBR, 9. To assure. Yorktth, 

AssEGE, «. {A,'N.) A siege. 

«. Assurance. 

Swiche wondrins was thcr on this hers oi 

Tliat sin the gret assege of Troye was, 
Tlier as men wondred on an hors also, 
Ne was thcr swiche a wondring, as n-Jia 
tho. Chaucer, Cant. T., iTyrw.) L 10C2O. 
Moreover his ordre of assetjes, plaotvng 
of campes, setivng of battailea, are left 
behind at this day to our insiraction. 

Institacion,ofa GentlemoM, 1568. 

AssELE, V. To seal. 
AssEMBLABLE, ». Likencss. 

Every thinge that berithe lyfe desyreth 
to be conjoynyd to his assembUabU ; 
and every man shall be assocyate to his 
owne symylihide. 

Dial, qf Creatures Moralised, p. 96. 

AssBMBLAUNCE, 9, RcsemblaDce. 

AssEMBLBMENT, t. A gathering. 
AssBMYLE, V. To asscmblc. 
AssENE, «./7^ Asses. 
AssENEL, *. Arsenic. Prompt. P. 
Assent, {A.-N.) (1) adj\ ConsenU 

ing; agreeing. 

(2) 8. Consent ; agreement. 
Tlic wyfes of ful higbe prudence 
Have of assent made ther avow. 

Lydgate's Minor Poenu, p. 1S4, 

(3) part, p. Sent. 

Assentation, t. {Lat.) Flattery. 

AssENTATOR, *. A flatterer. 

Assention, 9. Consent. Herrick. 

AssBNYCKE,#. Arsenic. Pai^ar^. 

AssEPERSBLiE, 8. The plant cher- 
vil. Nomendlator, 1585, p. 131. 

Asses-foot, s. The herb coltsfoot. 
Assbth, adv. {A.-N.) SuflScienily ; 
enough. See Aseth. 

Nevir shall make his richcase 
Asselh unto his grednu-sse. 

Bom. of the Boss, 5600. 

Assette, v. To assail. 

AssHB, V. To ask. See Ass, 

Asshead, s. a blockhead ; a fool. 

AsS'HEARD, «. A keeper of asses. 

Ass-uoLE, s, A receptacle for ashes. 

Asshreint, 1 part, p. (from 
ASSCHRBINT, J ^.-5. screnccn, to 
deceive.) Deceived. The infini- 
tive of the verb would be asth* 

d by Google 




A ! iTame. he mide, icb to mnrireimt, 
Icii wcjide then Indtlest ben adreint. 

SerjmS^a. 1.148S. 
Thep3Fimm loreden the kjng Donshtii, 
And volden iuiTe liim bycaogbth. 
Hj ledden kva theifore. aia I fynde, 
Ih die ttnuBicest perjl ol Yndc 
Ac, w irh rrnile in Use book. 
By woe mukrnnt m her crook. 

r. AUtnmder, L 4819. 

AssiDUAi^ adj. {Lai.) ConsUnt. 

At Inr the son ve tct onr dralt, lo 
(MMam) Te set onr pietys by Ton; 
WitboBt whose light, ve shWui dark- 

And DothiDg traely good hot rertiioiu 

T.-ni IB the JemjlLt so atsldnal nre. 
Yoor vhole life seems but one conttnned 

prarer. FUckiioe'i £fignaa$, 167U. 

Ass iDu ALLY, adtf. Constantly. 

AssiDCATB, adj. Constant;' nn- 
remitting ; daily. 
By the atsultule labonre of hys wrfe 
£»hclbar|p^ kc IMmn, t lid. 

AssiDUB, ff. A word nsed in Hal- 
Jamshire, a district of the county 
of York, to describe a species of 
rdlow tinsel much Jited by the 
mnmniers at Christmas, snd by 
the rustics who accompany the 
plough on Plough Monday in its 
rounds through the parish, as 
part of their fantastic decoration. 
It occurs in an old shop-bill, 
as synonvroous with horte-goid. 
See Ar»dine and Auady. 

AssiEGK, 9. (/v.) To liesiege. 
Rider' g Dictionaries 1640. 

AssiL-TOOTH, a. A grinder. North. 

Assii^TKSB, a. An axie*tree. 

AssiMULATiON, #. (Za/.) Assimi. 

Besides thew three terrra) opemtions 
of dt};estioii, there is a foarfold ordrr of 
coneortion: ma^ticntion, or chewing in 
th« month; chvliffration of this so 
ehrrrd meat in the stomnch ; tlic lliird 
is in the liver, to turn this rhvlas into 
bjnnd, ealled snngn.fimtion; ihe lu(i« 
UMKuUium, vhirh is io every part. 

Bartait, An. qfUtU v. i, 29. 

Assni ULB, r. To assimilate ; to 


AssiNDB, imt/. ^. Assigned* 
AssiNEGO, la. A Portuguese word, 
ASiNKOo, J meaning a young ass : 

nsed generally for a silly feltow ; 

a fooL 

Thon hast no more bmins tlisn I har^ 
in my elbows; an utinfffo mav tutor 
thee. Tro. mmd Crrt., ii, 1. 

When in the interim they apparcil'd 

me as yon see. 
Mads a fool, or an Mimiao of me, kt. 
0. PL, X. 109 

All this vonld be foraironi. and I again 
an annegOt as your sister left me. 

B. and /Z., Sc»rnf. Uirf, 

B. Jonson has a pun against Inigo 
Jones, on this word : 

Or are vou so amhitinus 'bo»e y cmr peers, 
Yon'd be an «M \nvio by jour y»:irs. 

Eint/rama'\v\. ri, p. 21X>. 

Assise, a. (A.-N) (1) Place; si. 
Tliere ne was not a point traely. 
That it has in his right uMMise. 


(2) A sutute. 

Sire, he said, bi God in beren, 
Thise lioilouos tliHi boilrri seven, 
Bitocnen thine Krven w iu% 
That ban i-wrowt nven the Mfise. 

Stryn Saga, I 349*). 

(3) A judgement. 

The kyng he sende word sjeyn, that he 

haJde yt franchise 
In ys owiie eoiirt, for to loke domes 

and €uiu. Bob, GUme., p. 5o. 

Ur elder God did Jhcsmn rise. 
The quilc gie hang with fals atiie. 


(4) A regulation ; rule ; order. 

And after mete the lordys wyie, 
ETcryclie yn dywers qut-yntyse. 
To dauuce went, by ryteii't asyse. 

' OclovtuUj 1. 61 

(5) Assizes. 

jow to teche God hnth me sent. 

His hivrys of lyfi ih«t am lul wyse ; 
Them to lern be 'dyliffcnt, 
joure'sonlys niuy ihei save at the 
last atjfte. 

CoveiUij Mytterift, p. 80. 

(6) Things assigned; commo- 

d by Google 




Whan Cher comet marchnnndise. 
With corn, mju, and tieil, oUiir other 


To heore lond any achip. 

To houae they wollith nuon ikyppe. 


(7) The long attite, a term of 

Nou bothe her wedde lya. 

And play thai bi^iiine ; 
▲ud aett he hath the long esUe, 

And endred beth therinne : 
Tlie play biginnelh to arise, 

Thatren deleth atuinne. 

Sir Trisirtm. 

(8) Measure. In the romance 
of Sir Tryamoiir (MS. in the 
Cambridge Public Library), after 
the hero has cut off the legs of a 
giant, be tells him that they are 
both ** at oon attyse,** i. e. of the 
same length. 

(9) V. To settle ; to confirm ; to 

AssisH, adj. Foolish. "Asintfggme, 

assishnesse, blockishnesse.*' Fior. 
AssKBS, «. Ashes. See Ass, 
Ass-MANURBi ff. Manure of ashes. 

As8MAYHEi>, pari. p. Dismayed. 
Ass-MiDPBN, M, A heap of ashes ; 

a mixen. Norlk. 
AsBNOoK, adv. Under the grate. 

AssoBiiB, 9. To reader calm. 

And tlrna I rede thnn assohre 
Thyn hertr, in hope of such a pracc. 
6cmer'» Confetako Jnnuttit, b. vi. 

AssGCiATBy V, {Lat.) To accom- 

Going to find a bare-foot brxrthcr ant. 
One of our order, to atsoclate nie. 

Borneo and Juliet, r, 2. 

AssoiL, V. To soil. 
AasoiLB, 1 V. {A.'N.) 0) To ab- 
ABsoiLLB, V solve; acquit; act at 
AaoYLB, J liberty. 

And so to ben as$oilUi, 
And siUithen ben hooaaM. 


I at My own tribvaal aa a$§mTd, 
Yet fearing others censure am cnibroii'd. 
0. Ft., xri. M. 

Here he hit subjects all, In general. 
duoyUt, and quites of oath and fealtl«. 

Dan. Civ. War$, ii. 111. 
Pray derontly for the aonle, whom God 
astoyte^ of one of the moat worskipiul 
knights in Lis diiyes. 

Bpitapk, m Camden** Rem. 
Tlioae that labour to auoyle the Prophet 
from siane in thia his disobedii-nce. 
what do tliey else bnt cover a naked 
body with fig-leavca, 8m. 

^ King on Jomak. p. 566. 
But, if we live in an age of iiidcrutiun. 
we thhik ourscivea well auoiVd, if n e 
be warmer tlmn their ice. 

Taylor's Great Exemplar, p. 08. 

(2) To solve ; to answer. " I 
anoyte a hard question : Je senh." 

Caym, come fforthe and answere me, 
Asojfle my qwest\un anon-rv^ht. 

CovetUry Mj/eterief, p. Sd. 

(3) To decide. 

In th* other baad 
A pair of waighta, wiih which he did a». 

Both more and lease, where it in donU% 

did stand. On Hintak., canto via. 58. 

AssoiLB, s. Confession. 

When we speake by way of rid^e (en?jr- 
nis) of which the aencA can hardly !»« 
picked aai, bat by tha pitnies u'«iic 
atsaiU. Puttenk., iii, p. 157, repr. 

AaaoiNB, (I) t. (^..JV:) Excuse ; 
delay. See Essoine, 
Therfore hit hi^te Babiloyna, 
That abend thing is witliouten asaoyne. 
Cursor Mundi, MS. Trin. Cantai., f. 15. 
At Venyse com np AHsairader ; 
Pea men bhrwe and no loud sdannder. 
His lettres he s^nt, withooten assoynty 
Anon into Grace-Boloyne. 

Mitamnder, 1. I4dS. 

(2) V. To excuse ; to delay. 
Theacbolde no weder me eusoitu. 

t'tor. and BlaneA., 67. 

AssoMON, V. To Kummon. 
AssoBTB, s. {A.'N.) An assembly. 

" By one assorte" ia one cotu. 

AssoTB,! r. {A.'N.) (1) To betot, 
A880T, j or infatuate ; used by 

Spenser, who also employs it fur 

the participle assotfed. 

WillTe, I ween tbou be ataot. 






(2) To dote no; tobeiniataaied; 

loed especiiUy by Gowcr. 
^ vyfe, vhidie in her lostca grrao 
1 u fajrrt ud (naAt and Uwler oT age, 
Of kjiD, that «oi OD her mssoU. 


AssowK, oAf. Id a swoon. 

As$.pLuif,f. A sort of plum, men- 
liooed by Florio. 

Ass-UDDLiN,«. Asapentitioos cos- 
toffl practiied in the North of 
EngUod open the ere of St. 
Mark, when ashet are sifted or 
riddied on the hearth. It is be- 
lifTcd that if any of the family 
littil die within the year, the shoe 
(tf the fated iadiTidual will leave 
>o imprcssioa on the ashes. 

ASSUBJUGATB, 0. To Bobjttgate. 

Amci, 1 «fo. A term applied to a 

A28W, J cow when drained of her 
Bilk at the season of calving. 
Wwef. jDerje/. 

A»4t;xB2rr, «. {LtU. aamumemimn.) 
A patch or piece sH on. 

^^"^w, part. p. {Lai, aasun^ftu.) 
I^nsed It occnrs in HaO, Nemy 
yif C 61, and should perhaps be 

^smpsiT. f. A pronriae. It is 
properly a Uw term, bnt in the 
^oIlowiBg pua«S^ U is wed in a 
S°»nl lease. 

^ ^ vhMi now a doobtcd hope of 
'^eedhelpe made glad, 

^hd* vroBun oT two mOk wkite iteadco 


-> ve Hcmika, vhow ventroua heart did 
'^^ hoot (br fane, 

^n^ tr mtmptit Mid prcpoRS the 

^aracr"* Jlkiam't BngUaU, 1692. 

^»inipr, t. (Fr.) To take vp fnm 
Alow pisee to a high place. 

A«suaANCB,t. Affiance; betroth- 
H fcr marriage. Ptmkr^ka*^ 

^re«fis,p. 17. 

^»oa,t.(from Fr.aoimirv.) To 
^ireak forth. SkeUan, H^^rihi, 

Ainjaa,».(l) To confide 

de Tele of hyni. and thrn 

(2) To aiBaacei to belioUk 


There lovely Amoret, that vas ttttu'd 
To hviy Pcrigot. hlccda out her life. 

BmumoHt mud Ft., u. 107. 

(3) a. Assuraaoe. Cktmter, adL 
Urry, p. 432. 

AaawTTHB, adv. Quickly. 
Tnay la^ed and made hem blytho 
Wyth lutes that were to lowe i 
To aoper they jede mttwythe 
"Wyth dayntea nwe innowt. 

AaarooK, a. A hvntiBg term. Pqw 

haps for turiege, or m tugt, 

Te ahull mt, 
whan th^ lyade 

Safaul krate oak ajayyif al abovU the 
d for to ae where lie he go oat of the 
paatvie, or eUia to his foorme. 

Ass T MB, V. To join. 

Syna th^ be lo loth to he unned. 

rUtfe eaXUd tkg Foun FF. 

AasTNO, 9. To assign. 

kvT. Asked, i^orih. The sanr.e 

form occurs in MSS. of the 14th 

and 15th cent. 
AsTA. Hast thoa. Yorhth. 


AST AT, Vt. (^.-JV.) State. 


Tbanne is accidie enemy to every tU^ 
of man. Ckmmetr, Ftrtomi T 

WlMB he ia iot in hia «#<«/. 
Xhie thevya be hreut of Biriifnl gyic. 

CcfPoUrjf MfSitriet, 9. 1*2. 
The kyof lay is the palois of York, and 
kept liia attaU lolemply. 

AsTABiLissB, 0. To establish. 
AsTABLB, V, To ooaftrai. 
AsTANTB, V. To Stand by. 
The might him so Mstmt the by. 

JUm^rum, p. 479. 
ASTAUKCBB, 9. To SBtlsfy ; tO 


And eastelhe one to chese to bfr defite 

That may better ofteaaciU hir appetite. 

iy4fe^« Jf JMT PeMU, p. Sa 

AsTB, eoiy. As if; althooah. 
AaTBBB, adv. Active 1 basiling 
stirring abroad; astir. NtriM. 


AST 116 


AsTBLT, 0^9. Hastily. 

Or clt, Je«u, y aske tlie rcyd, 
Mtelif that y wcr deyd ; 

tberto God helpc me then ! 

Sir Amadea, \. 896. 

AsTENTE, f/ret t, of a$tmie, {J.-S.) 

Aster, *. Easter. North and 

AsTERDE. V. {A.-S.) To escape. 
AsTEBiSM, t.((rr.) A constelUtion. 
AsTEBTB, V, (A.'S.) (1) To escape. 

For man was maad of iwich a matere, 
He may noght wel atierte, 
That nc som tvme hym bitit 
To folwen hit kynde. 

Piert FU p. 2^6. 
And so begun there h qiiarcle 
Btrtwcne love and her owne herte, 
Fro whiche she couthe not asterte. 
6<neer'9 Conf. Am., ed. 1682, f.70. 

(2) To release. 

And amnic tythera thay were fonly schcnt, 
It eny persoun wold upon hem plrvue, 
Thcr might astert him uo pecunml pcyne 

Ckaueer, Cant. 

(3) To alarm ; to take unawares. 

No danger there the shepherd can atUrl. 
* SpeM.,Eel.Not.,y.l^. 

(4) To trouble; to disturb. 
Asierte or asteredf troubled, dis- 

AsTKYUTE, part. p. Attainted? 

Wliat dostow here, unwrast gome P 
For thvn harm thou art liider y-comel 
He ! fyle aateynU horesone ! 

K. AUammdtr, 1. 880. 

AsTiOE, t>. {A.'S.) To ascend ; to 
mount upwards. AslUffung, aa- 
cension. Verategan, 

AsTiNTE, K /^..5.) To stop. 

ASTBNTE,/ ^ ' 

And whan sche drow to his chaumber sche 

Here maydeiies and other meyne mekeli 

astents. ^ _ 

Wmiam and the Werwolf, p. 56. 

AsTiPULATE, V. (Lat,) To bargain ; 
to stipulate. 

Astipulation, t. {Lat.) An agree- 
ment; a bargain. 

AsTiRB, #. The hearth. See Jsfre 
and Aistre. 

Bad her take the pot that sod over the fire, 
And aet it aboove upon the aatire. 

UUerMm'* Pop. Poet., ii. 78. 

A8TiRTE,pr«/. /. Started; leapt. 
AsTiTE, \ adv. (A.'S.) Anon; 
ASTYT, y quickly. Kersey, in his 
ALSTYTB. J Engluth DietUmary^ 
1715, gives attite as a North 
country word with the explana- 
tions, '*as soon, anon," ukcn 
probably from Ray's Cotteetion, 
1674, p. 2. 

God rooroun, sir Gnwiyn, 

Sayde that fayr lady, 

je ar slepcr un-slvje, 

Mon may slyde hider; 

Hovf ar 5c tan aatpt^ 

Bot true us may schape. 

Gatoayn and tkt Green A'., 1. 1282. 

He dyde on hvs clothys aslyUf 

And to seynt Jhon he wrote a skrytc, 

MS. Harl, 1701. f. 46 b. 

Ful richeliche he gan him schrede. 
And lepe tutiie opon a stcde ; 
For nolliing he nold abide. 

Amis and AmilouHy 1. 1046. 

Bot 80 he wend have passed quite. 
That Icl the toiher bilor ahtyte. 

I'veaine and Gavin, 1. 686. 

ASTIUNE, f. A kind of precious 

Ther is saphir, and nniune. 
Carbuncle and astinne, 
Smaragde, lugre, and praesiunc. 

Poem on Cocaypte. 

AsTOD, pret. t. of aaionde. Stood. 
A-sTOOG*D, part, p. Having one's 
feet fast in clay or dirt. Vonet. 
AsTONDE, V. (A.'S.) To withstand. 
AsTONGD, \part. p. Stunned. 

ASTONIED, J Rob, Glow, 

ASTOUND, ^^ ^ tijidpart.p, 

ASTOUNDED, 7^..jNr.)Astonisbed. 

A8T0NAYD, ^ 

Wert wonderfully thereat estonyei, 

Stanihwr$t*e Jrtland, p. 1^ 

d by boogie 




— AduB, noB u be heard 
Tm fitai tretpaia done by £Te, amaz'd, 
^<Mu^ittiodtnd blank. 


^ wuMteuyttf in that sto«mde, 
'« IB Iiji Ace ibo aav ft wonde. 

JmuM and Gmrin, 1 1719. 

And with hys herr Biftw of rtela 

Ajid hya <wcr byt aadell drore; 
And liyt ttyropri he forbare : 
^ a itrake had be never ara. 
He VM 10 tUmjftd of that deote 
not By^ he had bys lyff rente. 

jr. iUcAar^. L 4S1. 

J^ wdCTB eaae the man a$toneyd tho, 
jbat reed he vax, abancht, and al qtukynff 
aeuood, Baaethe nyd be wordei mo. 

CkoMc^, UiU. T^ 8192. 


la hii ovene meode, 
*aae be note nerer wannea he eomthe, 


Willuam de Shorekam. 

So «M cf bii felowes aayde, ao nowe 
>K^ to her. Bat he ttode styll all 
"to-f^ Talet imd Qmei* AMUfcn. 

^ — Th* elTe therewith •stowed 

^Nuicd lightiy from his kKwer make. 

Spen*^ F. C-, I, vii, 7. 

^^i be Hood, and ap hia heare did hove. 

/*., I. ii, 81. 

^bomi backs break nnder them j 

Tot knigbU were both a»loiCd; 
ft Toid their horwa they made haste. 

^^^^ with hha Aehates was, for joy they 
-»«»ldha.tlept -» '/ / 

^'2*«wr hands, bttt feare againo them 

FUa^a Virgil, 1600. 

•^«TonnH,». To Stun with a blow. 

^«ash,a|itata: yiju bare mttomiiksd him. 

Skaketp., Henry V, t. 1. 

A^^TosiTrB,t.(i#.-iV.) To confound. 

^J»ST. t. (^^M) To astonish. 

fwitt'i .Vew World of fTordi, 


^on,partp. Sank fast in 

UM|roQiid,asawasgon. Donet, 

**J»t,a*. Shortly; very quickly. 

AiToPAa©,,. A.n animal, but of 
•lai kiad U oncenain. 

Of Ethioipe he was y-bore, 
or the kind of oMlopardt; 

He had tntkes bkc a btKir, 
An head Jike a libbard. 


AsTORB, 9. To Store ; to replenish ; 
to restore. 

At rit£. borwe, snd rastel. 
Thai were tuiortd swithe weL 

Artkomr and Merlin, p. 90. 

Abtound, 9. (A.-N,) To astonish 

AsTOTNTK, 9. To shako ; to bruise. 

PtoiHptm Pttrv* 
AsTBADDLB, r. To Straddle. 
Astragals, t. (Cr. iLvrftdyakoi,) 

A game, somewhat like cockall. 

** Aitragalize, to play at dice, 

huckle-bones, or tables." Bkntni, 

Giouographia, p. 59. 
Astral, a^f. {Lat.) Starry. 
AsTRANOLBD, ^or/.^. Strangled} 


For neifrh by weren bothe for thorsi 

4*tra.ijfUd, and ek for-prest. 

X. Miumnder, fi099. 
AsTRAUOHT, port, p. Terrified; 

AsTRAVNOED, /^or/.^. Estranged. 
AaTRAY,«. A stray aiiimal. Prompt, 

AsTRAYLT, odv. Astrsy. Prompt. 

AsTRK, $, (1) {Lot,) A star; * 


(2) A hearth. See Ettre. 
AsTRBLABRS, «. An Rstrolabe. 

ASTRENGTHY, 9. {A,'S,) To 

AsTRRTCHB, 9. {A.'S.) To Teach. 
AsTBBYNYD, port. p. Constrained. 
AsTRBTT, adv. Straight 
Ahtrick, 9. To restrict. Stat€ 

Pcpert, temp. Hen. VHI. 
AsTtLicTED. part. p. Restricted. 
Artrid, a<f9. Inclined. Suffolk. 
AsTRiDOB, ff. An ostrich. For es- 

A8TRiDLAKp8,ffifty. Astride. North, 
AsTRiNGR, 9. (Lot.) To bind; to 


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ASTBIKGCft, 1 9. {A.-N.) A W- 
AnSTKINGES, \ concF. lo AW 9 
08TRBGIEE, J WeQ tJUlt fiu2ff 

W^U, act ▼, icI, tbe stigc di- 
recUon lar^ **£»ter a geatk 

We niMUy call ft IUcodct vlio keqn 
that kind of hawki, an austnngtr. 

ComdCt Law Diet. 

AsTUPonNT, #. (Ifl/.) Ha?iiig 
power over the stars. 

AsTBOD,<uf9. Straddling. &>M«r«r/. 

AsTRODDLiNO, o^/' Astride. X^'c. 

AaTROiB, V. To destroy. 

AsTKorr, a. A sort of stone* some- 
times called the sUr-stone, of 
which Brome, Travelt over Bng- 
kmd, p. 12, mentions finding 
many at Lassington, in Giou- 
cestershircand gives a particular 
account of them. 

Astrology, a. A herb mentioned 
by Palsgrave, and perhaps the 
same as the mrUtoiogU, 

AsTROMiBK, t. {A.-y,) An astro- 
B»mer, or astrologer. 

or cold be mftde a table, 
Al rul of steorrea, tana fable, 
And thottgte to leyn. amougea men, 
Tliat be is an «froMy<^. , , ^^^ 

AsTRONOMRR, 9. An astrologCT. 
Astromombr's oavb. a. 

Gentlemen, to solace tbeir wearied 
miudei by boneat paatimea. playe 8t 
clieaae, tbe atirononur's game, and the 
philosopher's game, which wheltcs thyr 
"witles, recreates Hieyr miii<k,aiid brnia 
no body in the meane season. 

Li^n*M Too Good to U Trw, 

Abtrofhbl. f. A bitter herb; 
probably starwort. 

Mv little flock, whom earst I lov*d so wril, 

And wont to feed with finest graaae that 


Feede ye heDcefarih on bitter attrqf$lU 

And stinkiBK suallage and unsavene me. 

ifpati., Dttpkn., 844. 

Astrosb, «4f' il^') Born under 

RB evil star. 
AaraoTB, adv. (1) In a iwelliag 

'AtitnU or strovrtingly. 
ToTgide." Prompt, Parr. 
The nwyaer, that voUe hare layne hnr 

Hys yen stede oiwte mitvte forthy , 
Bys lymnes were rotoa bya fro. 

1$ Bcmt Fhrinety L 8S20. 

He gafe bym awyOce a dovie, 
Tbat bathe bis eicbne sUde me 9tnwU. 
^ iMmmhms, Ltneoln SfS. 

What good can the great gloton do with 
bis bely standing tutrote like a tAi>er, 
and bis noU toly with drink, but balk up 
bis brewes in tbe middes of bis matters, 
or hre down and slepe like a swine ? 

Sir Tkomat Mor^* Worts, p. 97. 

(2) Standiag out stiff, in a pro- 

jectiBg posture. 

Godds sowle schal be swore, 
Tbe knyf tohal atond mtlroui, 
Tbow bii botea be al tA-tore 
fat he vol make it adoat. 

AsTRTLABE, 9. An Bstrolabe. 

His abnagest. and bookca gret and smale, 
Bia a$trylahe, longyiig for his art» 
His au^ym stoonea, Ufyen fairc apnrt 
On aehdras ooacfaBdal hie bnddea heed. 

AaTRTVTD.jwir/.^. Distracted. 
Berya and bis company stood all astrwyd. 
Uittory ofBerfu, 24S9. 

AsTUN, V, (A.'S,) To stun. 
He frost doan at o dent^ 
Tbat ban and man attuned lay. 

Arikour and MnUn, p. SSS. 

THio with the tbundring noise of his swift 
ler's feet _ 

^^JMM'a' tbe earth. Ar9.Pa<.,STiii. 

Abtunte, pret. t (from A,^S, 
mtandan.) Remained; atood. 

At Lewes the ktRgbigm mid ia peer abide. 
The baroos tatunt* wHbonte toun bisidc 
Boh. Gtvue^ p. &4«. 

AMTxm, a^. (Lat.) Crafty. 
Abtt, ad9. Eather; aa soon as. 

Abtyb, «. {jL-S.) To asceiid. Mob. 

Abttfud, fferL p. Lamed ia the 

leg; said of a dog. 
Abtvllb, f. (A.'N^ A ditngie; a 

thin board of voed. "JBtifUt^ a 

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•Ayrd. Tcdft. AttvU. Cadia.'' 

Primpl. Pm. 
A^vsomtLLY, ad9. Separately. 
AsuNDRi, Y«^. (J^S.) Apart; 
AarNDU, / aeparateljr. 

So wise • HUM it thcrnoo, 
./matfn tchiilci hem kaave. 


ayth Che thjwie towche, 

Umt one thynge •erne not twejne, that 
ilnUe liUe yf cither ogre mtgmdn wart 

AiWABi, adv. Oa Mie side ; out 
of the way Ckf anything. See 

Hvn iMi bin beter to hftve coon more 
CMstaem', id. XJrry, p. 699. 

AswASH, md». Slaating. 

Ckammrre, n loooe an< Kght ffomm, thftt 


AswKLT, 9. (^.>5.) To become ez- 

Ac wt and raov eometh o«t of holM, 
And breoBTng fnyr. and glovjnK eoiea; 
That theo anov for Uie fuyr no nielt. 
So the fayr Cor tkco laov mmwcU, 

r. AUaawUer, 86S9. 

kswvrmt^, part. p. Stupified, at in 

Ear M aftawied and gjwud 
Was «rery firtoe hi me heved. 

HouMt of Fume, ii, 41. 

kswnt^adn. Obliquely. JfortlL 

^^-^ I-*- (^) «- • 

A«»^.^ J swoon. 

Ab hj« Itrnder anom. 

L j^mau Dueoma, 1171. 

The Ubc MMtbm, the atede above, 
for aothe ur Artbnor vao «mmd«. 

^flhmr mnd Mtrlim, p. 18S. 

AmnrHANDB, ode. On one aide. 
Bat he take Bat Mi around ao evin in 
the fmit afore them aa be void have 
doB yf be might bettar have acne them. 
battaoaMwhata mtydeniamd*, where he 
dupoied aU hia peajpie in good amye 
^ thatay^it. 

AaTom,*. Tocisay. 

Now let leo tef ony it to bardy 

That dorate hit him mn^kg. 

Mf§ AUmmmdm, 8879. 

AaTNSD,/Mrf.jy. Assigned. 

At, (1) jinyp. To; prellzcd to the 
verb, as at tcy, for, to tay ^ of db, 
for, to do. Common in MSS. of 
the 14th cent. 

Bred they pard and icbare, 
Tnoagh thai hadde mt cCe. 

diir Trukrtm, st. 60. 

(2) To; before sabataatives, as, 

to do «f a thing, instead of to it. 

H«e'a c« ye, viaS 1 diiak vaaH fa ya^ 


Yat eartaa, at the aanre that a man 
myght make fire the begynaynge of 
the world, nya bat a Ktei thing, mi 
rtamrd of the aorwe of heUe. 

CkmMT, Fmmmm T. 

(4) OL North. 

W» take bio leve at the daya 
M llildor tlie bin m^e. 

(5) Por. 

M this cauae the faiYjt comlyche hade 
la the more half of his ichelde hir ymage 
depaynted. Sgr OmMtgfUt p. 26. 

(6) omtf. That 

Tbon ert a fole, at tbon ne bad an 

rwdmc and Gmmn, L 461. 

StiU«aed in the North of Bog. 

ftleetweelar tiM podffteh war oaw 
leawdtng. Tim BoiHm, p. S8. 

{7)protL Who, or which. 
Alao he to, «/ Uwborya tbe wma ShooM 
kea aad waderatoad the wyd awyeb 

Skepmt^i Mmlaider, aif . P. 7. 

We may aot heaaeeyled af the traspea. 
Bot if ve make aeeth ia that mi we may. 
Jf^.JBori., 1038, f. 66 b. 
(8) Prot.i.9(ete,tota^ 

Ko hadde thai aa wines vat, 

No ale that waa old, 
No no gode mete tliai c^ 

Thailiadden al that thai wold. 

Sir JVit/nm, p. S69. 



ATA 120 


(9) At efltr, after. Still used in 
the North. 

But I pray the vhnt betokned thiit 
woiinderful coDiete and sttrre which 
appervd npon this londe the vere of 
our lo'rde MCCCCII, from the Epiphany 
ta two wekes a< after £«iterP 

Biuu and Pauper, tig. d, 6 b. 

Atabal, ». A kind of tabor used 

by the Moors. Dryden. 
Atakb, V, {A.'S.) to overtake. 
And to the castel gat he ran ; 
In al the court wns t) er no man 
That him might aUtke. 
^ JtittS and Amiloun, L 2070. 

At-allb, adv. Entirely; alto- 
gether. Lydgate and Chaucer, 
Atame, v. {A.'S.) To tame. 
Atanunb, adv. Afternoon. Suff. 
Atabne, o. {A,-S.) To run away ; 

lianie flowe to chnrche, and the oonsuble 

Jtamdt alire, and manie were i-brof t to 
dethe. Bob.Gloue.,^.iS9. 

Atastb, v. To taste. 

Ataunt, adv, (A.-N.) So much. 

Atayite, adj, (Lat.) Ancestral. 

But trulie this boldnci, not mTiie owne 
nature, hath taught nice, but your 
nature, geiierositie pnifrnate. and come 
from your a/an/« progeuitours. 

£llit** Literary Letteri, p. 7S. 

Ataxy, », (6r») Disorder; irre- 

Atbbrb, v. (A.'S. dBibenm.) To 
bear or carry away. 

Atblowb, «. To blow with bel- 

Atbrbstb, V. To burst in pieces. 

Atchaeb, <u/v. Ajar. Norf. 

AtcnmKZD, pari. p. Choaked. 

Atchbson, If. A coin, of billon 
ATCHISON, /or copper washed 
with silver, struck under James 
YI of Scotland, of the value of 
eight pennies Scots, or two thirds 
of an English penny. It was 
well known in the North of Eng- 

Hor can the atelestm or the birabee 
Ifor my antiqaitv compare with nie. 
'Tuylor't Work*, 1680. 

Atchorn, t. An acorn. Alehom- 

ing, gathering acorns. Var. dial 
Atb, (1)9. To eat. Somenei. 

(2) For atie. At the. 
Atkoar, 9. (A.'S.) A kind of lance 

Atkigke. (A.'N.) To attain; u 

Ateinb, v. (A.-N. atainer.) Tc 

over-fatigue ; to wear out. 

Moo dyede for hete, at ichorte werdetL 
Thenne for dint off aper or ■wrrdea. 
Kyng Richard was aimooil ateytU, 
And in the smoke nvgh adrevnu 

BichATd Coer de'L., L 4S47 

In the hete thev wer almost tUeynt, 
And in the smoke nygh adreynt. 

IK L 6131 
Ateintk, t>. (1) (A.'N. aiincter. 
To give a colouring to. 

Nat, dowter. for God above ! 
Old men ben felle and queinte. 
And wikkede wrenches eonne atHntt 
Setyn Sage*, \. 176< 

(2) (A .JSr.) To reach ; to obtain 
She seid, Thomas, let them stand. 
Or ellia the feend witle the atevn4e 


(Z)part. Convicted; atuinted 
Atklich, adj. (A:S.) Foul ; coi 
rupt; hateful. 
The bodi ther hit lay on here. 
An tUtlick thing as liit was on. 

Appwd. to W. Mape$, p. S4; 

Atbllb, v. (A.-S. atellan.) *r 
reckon; to count. 

The kyng thorn ys eonseyl eneented «■ 

her to. 
And Kod ostage of nom, the traace wor t 

And aM al her god, and let him al b^ 
wende. Boh. OUmc., p. 17 

Atbv, adv. Often. Northamg^t. 
Atbnbb, adv. At once. 
Atent, 9. (A.-N.) An object ; i^ 

Ther y had an honderthe aaarke of rent > 
Y spente hit alle in ly^htte mtemt, ' 

Of snche forkik was y. 

^rjimadasi^t, 37 

Atbon, v. (A.'S.) To make avicrr 
Atbb, (1) adv. After. For. tidaiL 

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(2)#. Attire. 
ATKasT, ad9» In earnest ; in fact. 
At6o, 1 V, {A.'S.) To expend ; 
ATGOK, j to go, pasa away, or 

Whet may I mgge bote vdbwol 
i iif ia me ^o. 

Lfrie PoUry, p. 74. 

r iefa wea Incf, irham fol lobt. 
Ami aUe mjn godea me stMtJU. 

Ath, (1) #. (^.-5. iris.) An oath. 

(2) ^cv. /. of Aatfe. Hatb. i^o^. 

(3) Each. 

Thai token atk tnlke; 
Tbe ro^ire Ta|!|p scoike 
£02 bam ia belle ! 

Fol. SoHgiy p. SM. 

Atbaldb, 1 V. (^.-A) To with- 
ATHKU»K, Vbold; to keep; to 
▲TBOLDE, J retain. Pre/. otAeld, 
Mod atJhUd. Rob. Gbmc. 
He biaa oaisbt no lenjc e atheldt. 

Gf <^ Warwike, p. <K). 
kjBg of thi« knd, yt truafre 
Mob. Oloue., p. &2. 

ATHAJiom, #. A digeating furnace ; 
an alchemical term* 

Asi •€ tls J fornaee be apt tberfore, 
Wkreb vrvt men «lo call alkenor. 

jiAmeWt Themt. Cktm^ p. 148. 

A'tb ATTBKfl, oifv. In that manner. 
jftkiawensj in thia manner. jLetc. 

LTsnti^ tf4r. {A.'S.) Noble. 

Fortbi for ftntoon and fayiTia 
Tbe folk there bit demed, 
t^ericbre to aansvare watj arje 
3ftQaT *CAr< f reke. 

Gmmm^ /- /A« (?r. KMygkt, L 410. 

AnEBX.iSTm9 o^jp. Moat noble. 
Ttaac arr Artbore oaa ectb«. 

At cveae at his aweaa borde 
Antfid hia ktcdex. 

MorU Jrtkurt. 

Atbeste, »- (^.-5. fl^wwtfH.) To 
streccfa out. Atheiung, t. Ex- 
teanoo. Lfdgaie, 

AiHXOUOGiJiS, a. ((rr.) One who 
ia the oppoaite to a theologian. 

ATHKOtra, adj. (Gr.) Atheifticai. 

It is an ignorant conreit, that iiiqairy 
into nalore should nmke men athrtms. 
Bishop UM» H^orks, ii, 13. 

ATHsm, adj. Either. 

k'nL%KT, prep. Athwart; aeroaa. 

Devon and Someraet. 
A-THEs-ALF, /^fp. On tills aido 

of. Mob. Gioue. 
Athillktdat, a. The rule of an 


Seeke the ground meete for your pur. 

Ci, and then take an astroiolie, und 
g that upon yoar tbombe by the 
ring, and then tnriie the athilleyimy or 
rule with the tights up and downe, 
ontill that yoD doo see the niarke. 

Bourn^B liuentioiu, 1578. 

Xmis, prep» Within. Var, dial. 
Atbinkkn, v. (A.'S.) To repent. 

Soore it me a-thgnkelk 

Fur the dede that I have doon. 

Pi€rt PL, p. 874. 

A-THI8-8IDX. On thia aide. Var» 

Athoo, eon^, Aa though. 
Atholdk, V, See Aihalde. 
ATROVT,prep. Without, Samenet, 
Athrano, adv. In a throng. 
Ath&b, ^adv.{A,^S.) In three 
ATHRKO,/ parts. 
ATUtL%T,adv. (A,-S.) With tor- 

ture; cruelly. 

Heo hire awarietb al tUkrep, 
Also wolves doth the scrp. 

Ocfap'tan, Conyhcarty p. hi. 

Athrinx, 9. To touch. Verelegan. 

Athristk, v. To thrust ; to harry 

Atbrotbd, pari, p. Throttled; 
choked. Chaucer, 

Ath ROUGH, adv. Entirely. 

Athrust, adv. Thirsty. 

Athurt, adv. Athwart; across. 
Weat. Alhurl and alongtl, a 
proverbial expression when re- 
flections pasa backwards and 
forwards between neighbours 
also, when the two ends of a 
piece of cloth nr linen are sewr*il 
together, and then cut ih rough 

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the middle, so tliat the two ends 
become the middle or the 
breadth, and the middle or 
breadth makes Che two ends. 

Atbyt, part, jl CondUiooed? 

No storing of piutuie. with tegeedply tyt. 

With ragged, with iiged, and ev5 atli/t. 

Tuuer, ed 1573. 

Atil, *. (^.-A^.) Furniture ; neces- 
sary supplies. Rob, Glouc, 

ATiL%,v.{A,.N.attiler.) To equip; 
to supply with necessary stores. 
Used frequently by Rob. of Glouc. 

Atilt, (1) udv. At a tilt ; Ut the 
manner of a til ten 
(2) V, To tilt, 

Atir£, V, (A,-N.) To prepare; to 
fit out. 

^at doa the kyng of Prance? aiirts him 

Kode navie 
TiDe In^kwkl, o chance to wynne U with 

mautrie. I'eter Lattgto/l, p. 207. 

AnsFBOTNT, 9, {A,.N, atifement.) 

A pavilion ofhonoor, with richtat^fnttnt 
To sen-e an emperotur at a pBflenient. * 

Atitlb, V, See Atiitle, 
AtlaBp *. A rich kind of silk cm- 
ployed for ladies' gowns. 

Indian-gown vtan, Fiaemominf goirnfl. 
very rich Indian rtuff^j clioice of fine 
tUlaU€i: ilMr noroiiiK kowiib. 


Atlb, V, To array; to arrange. 
See EUle, * 

Hire telit ami white aie bon of wbal. 

Evene aet ant alUd al. 

ifnc fothf.p. ». 
At-lowb, adv. Below. 
Atnun, ad9. Afternoon. North- 

Ato, adv. In two. 
Atok, part. p. Took; seized. 

Atoiit, 9. {Gr.) An atom. 
Drawn with a team of little atomies 
Athwart men'a domw, at ifaey Ke ssleep. 




t. A skeleton. 



XM. Goodman dcatli ! goodmaa bone 
Eott. Xhou atomif, thou ! 

2 Hen. 17, x. 

It is also nsed in the provinci 
dialects of several of the Kocthej 

Oar Jwohnny'a puA tvm'd till a part 

NowUier works, eats, drinks, or sleeps 

he sud. Jndenen's Cumb. Ball., p. $ 

As I protest, tliey must lia' disteci 

and made an anatamjt o' me first, kf. 

Ben Jomton, i, U 

Atonb, «. (1) To agree. 
He and Anlidins can no more aUm4 
Than vKrfenteat ooutntriL'ty. 

Sitakt$p.y Corid,, iv. 

(2) To reconcile. 

Sinoe we cannot atang you. 

At-onb, adv. in a state of co 

Sone thd were at-one, with wine at 
assent. Peter Langtqft, p. S: 

At fewc wordea thai ben at-ome, 
Uegraythes hun and forth is gon. 

Atonement, s. ReconciliatioB. 

If we do now make mr eUammeni wvU. 
Our peace will, like a broken liflsb unite 
Be auunger for the breakuig. 

Since your bappinen, 
Aa you wUl have it, has alone dcpeBdeD< 
Upon her favour, from my mni I wish v 
A fair atonanemt. 

Mamng., B. qfMilM, iv, 

Atop, adv, wadprqi. On the to] 
upon. Ib modern dialecta it 
accompanied by^or on. 
Tlie buzzar is t'ery ordinary ; lis corei 
atof to keep out the aeaickv^ kcas 
of the Boortching sunne. 

BmrberVi TrmtU, 16: 
Atop the chaMeU is a gMie (or «t« 
mirrour) pendant, whereia tl»eac Jii 
eyed people view the deformity of tb 

Ato&nb, (I) fc To rua away. 

Tho Water Tyrel y^ey that ke wm di 

He tLtomdg M Taste as he nvfte; that « 

kys best won. Boi. OUme., p. 4] 

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(3)1. Anattornev. 
Aioi7£, pnp. {jCn.) About; 

Atocrse,*. (^.-JV.) To equip. 
Atdw. ThattbiMi. 
AT-PLAT.oAr. OutoffToric. Simff. 
irtAHT, \prei. L of atrecke. 

AnucGHT, /Seized ; took away. 
AnAjfEMTAL, "1 a4f. {Lai.) Black 

Anuxsirroua, J aa ink. 
AnuTB, r. (froBB A^S. trtgian*) 

To trouble; to vex; to anger. 
He itete kin «p in ft hreyd, 
!■ hit hoteflore W rf yi. 

ATMD,«^*.(froin lii/. fl/er.) Tinged 

vith a black colour. 
Anm; l«tfv. Distinctly; 

ATKiGma, j compietdy. Trae- 

'w, <fii/Hie/e. FrtmpU Parv. 
AiiiCK,A Ad uaher of a ball, or 

Btttter porter. Mimakeu. 
Ana,«. To try; to judge. 
9* JTBtiK fie wtte. tlie tothe to nine, 
far tefe BO lotk lo Ictte tlie n^ lave to 

SBJt i»e<«r Langtcft, p. 60. 

ATiiCTiir.tL Totmsl ; to confide. 
AnociE, ». (1) To rout ; to put 


Atecti, t. To appear. 
^I(n«re fait k tkat me tin «liiniet3i, 
\^ the totoraeUi. an tftbwcth 
|i3 liait. an ftooM, an tarf, an date, 
^ tka Be Buct DO var a/rw/«. 

lliife M^ Iffffkiinffde, 1156 

Atscatex, a. (J^N.) To eacape. 
I«9a.ilii paee that ia ao fre 
h Aer kope do than mi^ 
MttafCH perae ant come to flia, 
tkihe Mine tint «T aha) be. 

Lgric Foetrf,^1i. 

iniTn,«.(^^ Towtthatand; 

At-mutare, ad». In dispute. 

^tiMl JBog BKB io fall Mt-*9iuiret 
i« Afaa vodi tbat ia fieni m4 tairei 

Fiiiaif* 2Xc«Mwarta» p. S71. 

AawBBE. s. (^^&) To with. 

Attacb, w. (Fr.) To johi. 

Tm maiU •tUek'd oAr. not the aitltnda 
Wliicb tbott haat perpcndicnlarly failrn. 


AiTACHB, (1) t. (fr.) A term in 

An atUukt, la aa omeh at to aay, 
wlgarly. tack'd or faalcn'd tofetbar, or 
one tiling faaten'd to another. 

Ladief Dictionary, IftM. 

(2) 9. {A..N.) To ittach; to 

Aid eomanndrd a eonslakli^ 
That com at the firete. 
To atUeken tho tyranntz. 

I fare oate a canmytmem to certaina 
good vorahyppefnJI folke at Biyatow lo 
mttaeke Bicimrd Wrblte. 

Sir T. Mor€'i Wltrb, p. 737. 

Attaint, a. (1> A taint ; anything 

I viil not pobon thee wHh my a/fata/, 
Nor fold my faaK in deanW coin'd ext aiea. 
SMMt«$p., Luereee. 

(2) A term in jousting. See (3). 

The kyng vat that daye hygihly to be 
prayscd, for he hrake xxl)j. apereap 
beaytle mttafuteM, and bera doaae to 
rroond a man of nrmn and hya borw. 

(3) V, To hit or touch anvthing, 
as to strike a blow on a helmet. 

ATTAL-aARnaiv. a. A term formerly 
applied by the inhnbiunta of 
Cornwall to an old mine that ia 
Attamb, v. (1) id^N. mUaiMT,) 
To commence ; to begin ; to make 
a cut into ; to broach a vessel of 

I pray ye> syr emperoore, ihewe roe thy 
mTnoe. wlietber is more accardynftc, to 
nitnme thyt fytahe here preaaente, 
fyrate at the heade, or at the tayle. The 
emperann arawered abortive, and 
aayde, at the bead the fytake tltall be 
fyrsU eUtamed. Ahan's Cknm. f. 178. 
Tea, ootte, qnoth be, lOO mote I lyde or 

But I be meiy, I wia IwolbeMamedf 
And right anoD his tale he bath aUmed, 
And tms he said unto ns everichon. 

ClUaKer, Nomw PrUsl't 3'«2«, #d. Urrg. 





For tithin tlwt paync wa« first named, 
Was ner more wotull payne attamed. 

Chaucer's Dreamer 596. 

(2) (A..N. titainer.) To hurt; 
to injure. Probably, \?hen the 
word occurs in this sense, it is a 
misreading of the MS., and ought, 
according to the derivation, to be 
aitaine. In the following passage, 
given under this head by Mr. 
Ualliwell, the meaning probablv 
is that of (1). 

or his scholder the swerd glod doun. 
That botlie plates and haal^goua 

He carf atuo y plight, 
AI to the naked hide y-wis ; 
And nought of flesche atamed is 

Thurcb grace of God Alniight. 

ffy 0/ Warwike, p. 886. 

(3) To tame. 

Wliich made the King change face and 

And specially his pride gnn aitame. 
Whan he wist Pandosia was the name. 
Bochas, p. 108. 

TAUiNATB, V. (Lot, aUamtRO,) 

To corrupt ; to spoil. 

TAN. See Aile. 

TANis, adv, {A,.S.) At once. 

TAR,;;r<y. After. Shropth. 

T ask' D, pari. p. Blamed. 

TASTE, V. To taste. 

TE. ] pr€p. {A,-S. at pan, at 

TTKN, Uhe, softened first into 

TTAN, 1 aiian, then into at fen, 

ind finally into atte.) At the. 

And bad hir Wght it atte fver. 

CaxtoH, Jteynart, sig. B 6, b. 

jttla prestes hows. lb., sig. B 7. 
Before a word beginning with a 
irowel, the final n was often re- 

So that atten ende 
Mabyle hyu ansuercde. 

R. Gloue,, p. 431. 
Sometimes, in this case, the n 
Rras thrown to the next word, 
nd thannc seten sonime. 
nd songen atte nalc. Piers PI, p. 134. 

rE-FROMB, adv. (A.^S, «/ fru- 
nan.) At the beginning ; im- 

Attelan, t. {Lat. ateUanut.) 1 
drollery ; a satirical piece. 

All onr feasts almost, masques, mam 
mings, banquets, merry meetings, wed 
dings, plcasme songs, dne tunes, pocn« 
love-stdnes, playes, comoedies. attelaui 
jigs, fesceninea, elegies, odes, &c. pm 
ceed hence. Burton, An. qfMel.,\iM\ 

Attele, V, (A.-S.) To aim; t 
design; to conjecture; to p 
towards ; to approach. A forn 
of ettle. 



The feUwes of abstinence ben atttmp* 
raunee, that holdith the mene iu all 
thinges; eek schame. that esrhirwith i 
dialKinesW. CJumcer, Perswes 1 

And it bihm'eth a man putte sue 
attemperoHce in his defence, that mc 
have no cause ne matiere to repreve 
him, that defendith him. of excessean 
outrage. Chaucer, T. of Melibeui 

Attemperrl, adj, (A.^N,) Mo 
derate ; temperate. 

Certra, wel I wot, attemperel wepvng i 
nothing defended to him that sorwfi 
is, amonges folk in sorwe, but n j 
rather gniunted him to wepe. Th 
apostel Poule unto the Romavn 
wriieth, A man schal rejoyce with llci 
that niaken joye, and we'pe with euc 
folk as wepen. But though attcmpm 
wepyng be grannted, outngeoiu wet 
ynge certes is defended. 

Chaucer, T. of Jfelibeui 

Attemperelly, 1 , , . ,, 
attemperally, I if^' (^•-^- 
ATTEMPRELY, ' J Temperately. 

Man schnlde love his wyf by discre< 
cioun, paciently and atlemperetly, au 
thanne is sche as it were his suster. 

Chaucer, Persones : 
Attemprb, (1) adj. {A.-N.) TeiB 
perate. Sometimes writtea ai 

Sche schulde eek senre him in i 

honesty and ben attempre of hir array 

Chaucer, Personet *3 

(2) fy. To make temperate. 
Attemptatb, 9, {A.'N.) (I) Ai 


(2) An encroachment or assauli 
Attend, v. {Fr.) To wait. 

d by Google 




^mndry of liif fm*c9t friends reso!rinp 
to Mi/emd tbe nrttpx of some comfort 
toliefcnt Aroa Inm. 

AmEXDABLS, adf. Attentive. • 

Attkndabi.t, aiv. Attentively. 

AiTEKDBR, #. One who attends; 
a companion, or comrade. 

Attbnt, adj. Attentive. SMakftp. 

Attentatks, «. pL {Lot. atten- 
Uia.) Proceedings in a court of 
jodicatnre, pending suit, and after 
an inhibition ia decreed and 
gone ont. 

Atontly, adv. Attentively. 

Arraa, *. ( 1 ) (^.-5. aiter.) Poison. 
Oraydi a wenn that uitfr bercth, 
Otlier it stingrth. odi*^ it trreth. 

Coujfk€mr^9 OeUtMn, p. 57. 

(2) Corrupt matter issuing from 
an ulcer. AUyr fylth. Sanies. 
Prompt Parv, Still used in 
this sense in some of the dialects. 

Hie forc is full of matter or miter, 
Uku est fHmltniwm. 

Hormamm VuigarUt aig. 1 8. 

(3) An otter. 

Take heare eattes, dogget too, 
Mttr and fou, fiiiir, mare alne. 

Ckftier Playg, i, SI. 

(4) An abbreviation of at their. 

And ase ther not alter f poiupige 

Berj^C atent of lioUie, 
Of maa, and of thcr wvmnian eke, 

Ya lotf-e and nauTt T-lothe. 


(5) pTfp^ After. Northampt, 

(6) Attire; array. 
Attercoppe, 1 9. {A.^S. ailer-cop' 

ADsacop, J pa) (1) A spider. 
Perhaps it signified originally 
some insect of a more hurtful cha- 
rscter; tbe atlcr-coppa* figured 
in MS. Cotton, Vitel., c. iii, do 
act resemble modern spiders. 

Ae vat eteato. that tba ne lije, 
Bate tUtereoppe an fulc vli^c ? 

UhU aud Nrfffktitufele, 1 800. 
Ajifl thongb there be iio grci venemoiis 
wettes in that londe. jet bcD ilierc 
tttUreoppet vetienious tiwt ben called 
»iAlau]pa in tlmt loniie. 

Tretai^* PvUchrm., f. 32. 

In the towne of SclirovTiImrr, tefrji 
tfare men toyednr. and as tliey u:n» 
tJiJkjng, an nttwrevfpe com otrte of tha 
wu«5, and bote hem by the oekLos alio 
thre. Pre/, to Rok. 4* Brmmme, p. cc 

(2) A spider's «eb. NoriJL 

(3) A peevish, ill-natured person. 

Attb&lothb, f. {J.'S.) Night, 
shade. Explained by mortUa in 
list of plants in MS. Harl., 978. 

Atterly, adv. Utter!} . Skinner. 

Attbemitr, 9. An ill-natured per- 
son. North. 

Attern, adj. (from A^S. at tern ) 
Fierce, snarling, ill-natured, cruel. 

Atterr, v. (Ft. atterrtr.) 

Knoiring this that yonr renovn akme 
(As th' adamant, and aa the amiter dravrt: 
That, hardcac aieei} ihia^ eaaie-yeeldtng 

Aiterrs the stQbbom,and attmcta the prone. 
Sylvesters Sijnn. to £.of Essex, p. 71. 

ATTEmRATB, #. {Lat.) To become 

Atterration. f. {Lat.) An old 
word for alluvial ground on tbe 

Atterino, adj. Venomous. 

Attert, adj. Purulent. Ea9t. Iras- 
cible ; choleric. We9t. See Attry. 

Attest, a. Attestation ; testimony. 

Atteynant, adj. Appertaining; 

Atteynt, part. p. (A.^N.) Con- 

Atticb, 9. An adze. Somer9et. 

Attiouous, adj. (Lat.) Very near ; 
close by. 

Attincture,*. (.^.-iV.) Attainder. 

Attingb* v. {Lat.) To touch lightly 
or gently. 

Attires, t. The horns of a stag. 

Attisb, v. To entice. 

Servauntes, aroyde tbe company 
Or thcni that playe at cardes or dyw} 

Fop yf thnt ye them hannte, tmely 
To tbetie ahall they you soone attyse. 

Ane. Poetieat Tracts, p. U. 

Attitls, V. To entitle ; to name. 

d by Google 




, t. Rubbish, refuse of stony 

^er. A ruiniiig terni. 

r'D, adj. Filled with small 

idea ; thick. Drayton. 

V, adv. Altogether. 

fnah blood did firiese with feurftU 

hii leBtef leem'd bereft atlone. 
Spau., F. q.. II, i, 42. 

iss, "Xadv. Once for all ; at 
NCR, J once. 

attonce her beastlv body rais'd 
ttble forces higli above the leronnd. 
/*.,I,i. 18. 
thenne they alyght wdenly, and 
their handes apon hym all attonet, 
toke hyiu pryioner, aud soo ledde 
onto the ca*tcl. 

XK, or Atturnc, v. {A.^N,) 
«rfonii service. 
plainly tohi him that they would 
lilunu to him, nor be under his 
liction. Holing»h., Rich. II. 481. 

NBY, 9. (A.'N.) A deputy ; 
who does service for another. 
B, (1) ». {A.'N.) A head- 

jrep. {^A.^N. entonr.) Around. 
prep. Besides. Hence the 
;tish phrase, ^jr and attomr. 
KNB, V. To return. 
RNBifBirr, «. (A.-N.) A 
ling of a tenant unto a new 
. AfhuAeu. A law term, 
rnppon dyrerae tenauntes have 
ly mtUrni uhCo the kynsres grace. 
MoMOMiie Lelters, p. 88. 

>CT, t. An attraetion. 
then their Ute aitneU dedine, 
I tarn as eager as prick'd wuie. 

Uudibrtu, III. i. 695. 

mt$.pL Flattery. Skinner. 
PB, V. {Fr.) To entrap, 
lying and placing thother vj c. men 
tecret place nygh in the mydd way 
en Warke and the wyd towne of 

srttayenet, aiwell for the rvlfyse 
B said wawcuriurea, as to altrape 
memyee, yf they unadvisedly wold 
tve or coiae to the said Iyer or truy. 
MS. CoU., Calig., B v. f. 23 A 
he that hath hyd a snare to attrap 
her vitli. hatb hvni selfe ben taken 
0. TtUes and (^nickt Annotru 

Attbectation, *. {Lat.) Frequenl 

AiTRiBrTioN, 9. Commendation 
Shaknp., 1 Hemy IV, it, 1. 

Attbid, pari. p. Poisoaed. 

Attbibd, part. p. Tried. 

Attritb, adj. {Lot.) Worn. 

Attrition, «. (Lot.) Grief for sin 
arising only from the fear o 

He, the wbyebe hath not pUyac con 
trvcyon. but all oneJy attrycpott, thi 
wliyche is a nianer of contrycyon un 
parfyte and nnsoffycyent for to havi 
the grace of God. 
iHttitutUm o/» ChrhiuM Mam, p. 16S 

Attrokibn, v. (A.'S.) To tail 

to weary. 
Attry, a^. (A.'S.) Venomous 

poisonous ; filthy. 

And gulcheth a! ut somed fhet the aiti 
heorte sent up to the tnnge. 

MS. cat., Ntro, L vcr, f. 31 

^nnuw conetli of ire tUtfy anrei 
whan a man is scharply anousstetf i 
bus scbrifte to ferieie synne, thann 
wol he be angry, iind answere hokcrl 
and angrily, to uerendeii or ezcusen hi 
synne by onstcdefastDesie of bis lleisc) 
Chtutetr, Ftrmnn "i 

Attwebn, prtp. Between. FaM 

AruNDBBB, ado, (A.'S.) la sob 

Atvoke, ad9.{ Be 

fure. Rob. Gloue, 
Atwatn, ad9. In two ; asnnder. 
ATWAPED.part.p. (A.'S.) Sscapei 

What wylde lo ar.iea^ ^"77^ tbi 
■cbottcn. Syr Gawmyne, p. 4 

Atweb, adv. In two. North. 
Atwxel, adv. Very well. North. 
Atwben, prep. Between, /a 

Atwende, v. (A.'S. atwindan.) T 

turn away from ; to escape. 

Heo mai hire gult atv*€nde, 

A rihte wde, thurth cbirche bende. 

ir«^ OMd Nygklimg., 1. 141 

Atwin, adv. Asunder; in tw( 
Chaucer. The word occurs i 
this sense in Rider^s Dietumari 

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1640, and acconling to Moor, is 
still tued m Suffolk. 
Atvikkb, 9. (J^.) To part 

Atwuche, r. (^..5L) To vork 
«ga«i«t; to do vnl work to. 
AJtlai trove on JkesaCrisI, 

&ja/ Mergntf, p. 168. 

^^w, (1) «. Disagreemeat. 

^^)rvt.p. Twitted. Somerut. 
^»^, /nr/. <. (^.^.) Knew. 
Atfo, /art. /I., known. 

AiKi BLuiMlielloitr a/m'^^ 
"1m hi ande so loa^e dfrnncre. 
EarUkome't Met. Ttdet, p. 106. 

; ^'•nB, f . (^.-SL mtw'itoM, to re- 
i P«ach.) To twit ; to upbraid. 

' Ti-at oi BBB beo f^iUe ia odwitc, 
1^1 Kfaal he me hw sor alyeiU ? 

Rule and Sighting., 1. 12S2. 
--J *flri Aide mach wnre tkia tell olde 

' </«T<erfr bym and ys 9t»t, tk«k he 
1.^ bjm self noiLinz. 

A^l. ofGhuc.j p. S3. 

8« ^»M wnfh. ye aciral here vitc^ 
I i^ Mcria hadfie kim c/vf'^. 

ArtkomrmadlUrfm, p. 841. 
Atwiie, 1 
I *TwiiT, IjM^. Between. 

*Tro. I ad9. {J..S. on twa, on 
atwab, ^twofftnJ) Intwojasuo- 
*^AW, der. 

I ^^^,pnt.Uofaimii€. Twitted; 
' *^<«iided. 

AiiAjcca. «fo. AtoBcc A(w/A. 

ArTiii,adr. On a time. 

fTTa,t. Ittare. 

f a^. Ail. Aor/A. 

••'aAOK,t.(Fr.) A serenade. 

^fBii«,^(^,) Anhm. 

*'^8tTioi, s. One of the male sex 
^ (^ age when leiguig upon 
*olwoi Ahebbledeboy. fflm. 



AucRT, is used in the dialect of East 
Auglia as the preterite of the Terb 

to OW0, 

AocTE, 9. {A.'S. Okie.) Property. 

To-monrea thai ninkra the fre, 
And ttvcU the yeven, aod nchr mak^. 
UoMhk, in. 

AfTCTiVB, fl<jF. (Zflf.) Ofaoincreas- 
ing quality. 

AccTOftiri, #. (Lat) A teit of 
Scri|»ture, or of some writer ac- 
knowledged as authority. 

AucTouR, a. {J.'N.) An author. 

AucuPATiON, #. {lat.) Fowiiug; 
hunting after an^ thing. 

AuD, adj. Old. Var. dioL 

j^js t' mtd man tit oak tree. 
Young aad liuty was I when I kcnn'd thee. 
Kursery BAymt. 

Audacious, 04^. (A.'N,) Bokl; 

Aud-fahand, adj. (A.-S.) A term 
applied to forward children, who 
imitate the manners of elderly 
people. Norik. See AuU/ar^d, 

AuDiBNCB, ». A bearing. Ckmtcer. 

Audition, #. (Lat.) Hearing. 

AuDiTiYK, adj. {Fr. audifif.) Hav- 
ing the power of hearing. 

AUD-PK6, 9. An iaferior cheese, 
made of skimmed mitk. Norik. 

AuDRiB. "SevBt Audries lace, 
eordom," Paitffrmpe, See Awdrie. 

AuBN, adf. Own. 

AuFF,s. An elf. This word oceors 
in J New BagUak JOieiwmary, 
1691. Skinner explains it, "stul- 
tns, ineptos," a fooU See Jwf, 

AuriN, 1 9. Tbe bishop at chess. 
AWFiN,J See AlflH. The tract 
De P'etnia (publiibed under the 
name of Ovid] gites the following 
Latin or Latinized names of the 
chessmen. , 

Milca et ^pimtt, roceot, res, rirgo, pe- 

AuGENT, adj. August ; noble. 
Uayle, cnmW kynsris atuientt 

SharpU dn. Mfsi., p. lOL 





^UGOKRE, 8. An ague. 
A man that is here yhungre and lyeht, 
Tlio never bo stalworthe and whight. 
And comly of shaoe, lovely nnd fayr, 
Auggeret and ruelles will soon apayr. 

HampoUt p. 6. 

\.uoHEint, fl4f. Ovin, See Aghen, 
luoHT, 1 
AujT, V pret. t, oiowe, (1) Ought. 


Flonre of hevene, ladi and qtiene, 
As sche ttuxi wel to bene. 

(2) Owed. 

(3) *. Possessions ; property. 
4) adj. High. Rob. Glouc. 
bS adj. Eight ; the eighth. 
6) 9. {J.'S. awiht.) Anything; 

at all. 

(7) adv. In any mann« ; by any 


Ic is ful joconde also dare I Icye ; 
^n he au/jht tell a niery tale or tweie, 
Vith which he gladen may this conipai^ne ? 
Chaucer, C. T., 10065. 

LuGHTAND, adj. The eighth. 
LUOHTKD,/;r«/. /. Cost. 

Bevis did on his acquetonn, 
That had auqhted mnuy a tov-n. 

Mii's Met. R<m.,\x^\\\. 

LuHTEND. adj. Eighteenth. 

LUGHTBNE, adj. The eighth. 

LUGHT9. (1) Any considerable 
quantity. North, 
(2) *. (corrupted from orts.) Bro- 
ken victuals; fragments of eat- 
ables. Heref. and Sussex. 

LUGHTWHBRK, adv. Anvwherc. 

LUGLC, V. To ogle. North. 

LUGRiM, If. Arithmetic See 

AWGRiM, } Algrim, 

He raedleth not muche with mtgrim to 
se to wlint summe the norabcr of men 
ariseth that is multiplied bv an c. 

Sir T. More's Workt, p. 800. 

LUGRIM-8T0NE8, f. Couuters for- 
merly used in arithmetic. 

LUGURATioN, *. {Lat) Conjectur- 
ing. This word occurs in Ridei*s 
Dictionaries 1640. 

Luouaious, ad/. Predicting. 

AuouRiXE, f. A fortune-teller. 
Augusta, s. A cant term for tl 

mistress of a house of ill-fam 

Auk, "XadJ. (1) Angry, ill-nature 

ACK, J unpropitious.Proutp/.Par 

Still used in this sense in tl 

North of England. 

(2) Inverted ; confused. The o 
signal of alarm was ringing tl 
bells backwards, or, as it w 
often termed, aukward, or ac 
ward. " I rynge auketrardt 
Sonne abransle." Palsgrave. '. 
the East of England, bells are st 
" rung flti^," to give alarm of fii 

(3) s. A stupid or clumsy perso 

AvKERT, adj. Awkward. Var.di 
AuL, *. An alder. Hertfordsh. 
AuLD, adj. (1) Old. For. dial. 

(2) Great. North. 

(3) The first or best, a phn 
used in games. 

AuLD-ANB, «. The devil. North. 
Auldfar'd, a^. Old-fashionc 

Thus vearst in legendnry teale, 
This auldfar'd chronicle nid tell 

Things that >aen's rarra lugs wad geali 
or what til this and that befell. 

Stagg's Cumberland Poenu, p. 

Auld-thrift, *. Wealth accun 
lated by the successive frugal 
of ancestors. North, 

AuLEX, adj. Of alder. Hereford 

AuLN, s. {Fr.) A French measi 
of 5 ft. 7 in. ; an ell. 

AuM, *. (1) An aim. Palsgrave. 

(2) The elm tree. Northumb. 

(3) Allum. North. 

(4) A Dutch measure for liqni 
Auma, «. A sort of pancake. I/e 

AuuATL, (1) s. {A.'N.) Ename 

As sTowe grcne as the grea. 

And grener hit semed 

Then grene aumayl on golde. 

Qawayn ^ Ike Or. Kn,, 1. ■ 

(2) 9. To variegate; to figure 
Aumayl'd, adj. Enamelled or c 



Ti giUeo bmldBs ofcortly rard^nrne 
AJ t«rd viiii goUeB bendes, wluch were 

With conoos ftBtickea, and fiiU fayre m. 

-«|rri ^wu., ?: Q, U. iii, 27. 

AriCAisT, «db. Almost. Am-/A. 
AiiMB, «. Alma distributed to the 

poor at Christmaa were formerly 

so called in Devon. 
AuMBK, 9. A measure of lime, con - 

taiving three biufaeli. Norfolk 

Records.earHerpart qfl6lk cent, 
AuMBss-AS. See AmUa-oM, 
AuMBLB, a. An ambling pace. 
AuM BRX-gTOMB, «. Amber. Pa2i. 

129 AUN 

have been informed, it a kind of 
weight with scales hanging, or 
hooks fastened at each end of a 
staff, which a man Ufteth up upon 
his forefinger or hand, and so 
discemeth the equality or differ 
rence between the weight and 
the thing weighed." CoweU, /n. 
terprtttr, 1658. In Piers PI. we 
find i 

AuHELET, 9. An omelet. Skiimer, 

Than of Us aanwiMr he droogh 
A little keie fetiae i-nough. 

Rom. of the Sou, 3067. 
▼ere ttreif hte glovis virh cuai^r* 
Of ulke, and alway with fod« chere. 
ArvDrERB, a. An almoner. 
AuMEB, 9. (j.-N.) To shadow ; to 

cast a shadow over. Yoriuh, 
ApMicaD, ». {A.'N.) A shadow. 

AuuoNB, #. (A.'N.) Alms. 
AuHous, a. Qaantity. When a 
Uboarer has filled a cart with 
Ruuiure, corn, &c., he will say 
to the carter, " Haven't ya got 
yoQr MMtoKt." Lmc. 
Admpxbour, 9. Ao emperor. 
AciiFHjCHfe. Awry; aslant. SAropah, 
Admrs, a. A cupboard. North. 
Adurt-soal, a. A hole at the 
bottom of the cnpboard. A word 
fonnerly used in Yorkshire. 
AcMs-ASE. See Ambe9'a9. 

AcNCKL, a A sort of scale or ma- 
chine for weighing, prohibited by 
sutttte on account of its uncer- 
tainty. ^'utmaceU weight M I 

Ac the pound that she psied by 
Petsed a qoatron monre 
Than myn owcne amutr. 
Who 10 voycd tnithe. 

Pitn PU, p. 90 
AuNCEBTftBL, 9. {J.-N.) A homsge 
which is rendered from genera- 
tion to generation. 
AuKcvTBB,a. {A.'N) An ancestor. 
Skelton basa«iice/ryforanc«a/ry. 
AuNCiAN, adj {A..N.) Ancient. 
The olde Mmuiam wjt 
Hqett ho tTtte;. 
Gmp$ ftk9 Or. ZJt.. 1. 180C. 
AOKCfBNTi, 1 . A 4- lA 

Xii«*D, part, p. Fated. Nortkumb. 
Supposed to be derifed from 
the IsUndia mdaa, to die. 

AuNDBR, f. Afternoon; evening. 
Apparently the same at trndem, 
Cotgrave uses aunder9-meat to 
signify an afternoon's refresh- 

AuNDTRN, t. See Jndiron. 

Aunt, a. (1) A cant term for a 
woman of bad character, either 
prostitute or procuress. Often 
used by Shakespeare. 

lb call yon one o' mine atmt*, sister. 
were as good- se to call you arrant whore 
0. P., iii, 2G0. 
And was it not then better bestowe<i 
upon his uncle, tlian upon oi^ of his 
aunlsf I need not say fjawd. Mr every 
one knows what oaa/ ttanda for in the 
last translation. 
Middttton's Trick to eutek the Old Ont, ii. 1. 

It Still exists in this sense in 
Newcastle, as we learn from 





(2) The castomAry appellation 
addressed by a jester or fool, to 
a female of matronly appearance ; 
as uncle waa to a man. 

Aunts, adv. {A,-N,) Together. 

9eo gederede up here aunte here ott aboate 

^itd' destruyde hire knides evther in his 
qyde. Bitb. GUmc, p. 37. 

iuNTELBRB, s. An antler. 

Hunters,! «. ;?/. Needless scm- 
ANTERS, J pies ; mischances. Ray 
mentions it as a Northern pro- 
vincialism, used in the first of 
these senses ; as, *' he is troubled 
with aunters,** 

Dho this kynge hadde go abonte in such 
sorwful cas, 

ht the laste he com to Caric, there ys 
dbtter was, 

He bilcTcde withonte the tonne, and in 
vet] grete fere, 

Se sende the qaene ys dorter worde, 
wuche ys an^re* were. Bob. Ohue., p. 35. 

[se ding thy hams oat> thoo base niukky 

riiou mak's nc anterty thouMl mistetch my 
cuw. Yorkshin Dialogue^ p. 86. 

Hunter, "] 
in auntre, j 

Ac tiiaiture, for the f^ght. 
This victorie is the y.dvEht. 

K. Mi$awider, 1. 8923. 
So I seid, amntnler wh>«niie my enemys 
be to glade over nie. 
Ptainu and Prayers : MS. Hunt., f. 88, v<». 

7b do anaunier, to put in 
Phy love ych abbe wel dere aliojt, and my 
ty ve anatmUr y-do. B4A. Glome., p. 81 1. 

yadv. Perchance. 

V. To venture; to 


How ][ades] for her lele Inf 

Hor Iyvc5 Imu aunterei, 

Siidu'red for tier drury 
alful stoundex. 

Oateayn and the Or. Kn., 1. S787. 
I wol ariae and autUre it^ in good faith. 

Chaueer, C. T., 420?. 
luNTBR, (A.'N,) (1) a. An adven- 
ture; a hap. or chance. Inaunter, 
for fear. North, 

Forthi an aumter in erde 
I atUe to shawe. 

Warton'e Hiit. B. P^i^ 

I eonjnre the ncverthe!esc be God 
Ihy nobley, that thou uke it unio n 
ydyotia, in aimfyr that they by l 
unkunning niyghtwerknoy toouy 1 
that is yeven unto the conienne pro 
' MS. Uth c 

(2) a. An altar. Probably a m 
clerical error. 

B«-f«m his atmUr be kneird adonn 

Songs and Carols, st 

AuNTBROUs, 1 a4j* Bold ; dari 

AUNTROSE, y adventurous ; 1 

AUNTRU8, J midable; soroetin 


1 wot. Sir, ye are wight. 
And a wegh aobiUe, 
Junierotis in armes, 
And able of person. 
Destruction of Troy, MS., f. I 

AxTNTEBS, adv. Peradventure 

case that ; lest ; probably. No 

AuNTERSOMB, a4f> Bold ; dar 

AuNTRB, adv. On the oontn 
on the other hand. 
Anntre, they swore hym hool oth 
To be hys men thai wer there. 

B. Coer dt Lion, i 



At auHtrwusUeke ther ha oomen w< 
Oy of Wartcike, \ 

AuNTT, (1) adj. Frisky and fr 

generally applied to horaea. J 


(2) a. An aunt. Var. dial. 
Au-ouT, adv. Rutircly. North 
AxTP, (1) a. A wayward c 

North. ProQOvnced aup^ 


{2) prep. U^ Weet. 
Au PY, adf. Apeish ; ioiitatiTC ; 

AuR, conj. Or. 
AuRATK, a. A sort of pear. 
AuRB,j9r«7;. Over. 
AURBAT, adj. (Ut.) (1) Gol 


(2) Good ; excellent. 

d by boogie 

lua 131 

He pidrat oate prettely, 
iLadaarf-iUl liiitt radlr- 

A«rmD,^flr/.j». (Xa/.) Made 
pare a gold. 

AuKiCAnoN, f. (la/.) The prac- 
tice of drifing carriagei. 

^f^acsT, f. Harrett Wore. 

'^^^m,pnm. Ourselves. Nerih. 

ArHcsi-MCLicuM, ». A com po- 
rtion mentioned in some early 
^^^^cQiMBU relatiBg to the arts. ' 

Afam-poTABiLE, *. A medicine 
^ to hsTe possessed great 

''^;^^ the golden ojU ealled 

- *«siM Bkort nerrelou to preierfe 
'tf<iaM2e'« Hm^. CA«».. p. 43S. 

^^(1)». U-JV.) To try; to 
fTwsiSft favorably. See ^#ii«/. 
'2 cwy. Abo. 
•^«a,«. An osier. S^^ett. 

-^»^nr,r. To anticipate bad news. 

f=5«CATE,«/;.(la/.) Anspidons. 

ffizmi, adj. Joyful. 

^f'»- To attempt; to dare. 

^'SadWtrw. Also used u 


*f*TtiKB,/«ir. Stem; aercre. 

^^^ l^' *» ^^^ W"^ 

Prr^'j Rdifues, p. 75. 

if or/tf Jrtkure. 

tsnn>Gi,t. (^..iV.) Ab ostrich. 

')«fc.Ottt. NoriJL 
*^«j «. A cburch, in the cant- 

2^ »«n«a; auiem-dhers, 
^a?^^ who pnuitise in 

•^^ca.«g. Authentic 
^'^^^nwAmerfj. Authentic. 


AvTBoas, t. The name of a lower. 
Tbe ievre is oT r gnde lose, 
TliAt men calleUi awteoit. 

AuTER, 9. An altar. 

He lies at Wyncbcatre, beside an mUre. 
LoMfftqft, p. SO. 

AuTHBiTTic, adj., '* seems to have 
been the proper epithet for a 
physician regularly bred or li 
censed. The diploma of a Kcenti. 
ate runs auihenUei UeentiAim" 

To be reliaqnished of Galen and Para- 

And all tbe learned and mUknUic M\tm». 
Skakesp., AlCt ff. thai EtuU If'., it. 3. 

Or any other nutriment that by tlie 
jndgnient of the most authmtteal phv. 
sicmns, where 1 rrarel, sbml be tlioagbt 

JimaoHy Batty JVoii ami ffU^ iv, 4. 

AtTTHKU, ady Either. 

AuTOLOGY, e. ((7r.) A soliloquy. 

AuTOMEOON, e. The charioteer of 
Achilles ; hence the early drama- 
tists applied the name generally 
to a coachman. 

AoTOMOMY, e. {Gr,) Liberty to 
live after one's own laws. This 
word occurs in Coclceram's Eng- 
liak Dictionaries 1639. 

AutoponI tMietj. Out nponl 

AuTORiTT, 9. Authoritv. North. 

AuToun, 1 *. (J.'N.j (1) An an* 
AUCTOUR, J thor. 
(2) An ancestor. 

AtTTRRMiTB, 9. Explained by 
Skinner, another atttre. Tyrwhitt 
reads vitremite. 

And ahe that helmid was in atarke itonris. 
And wan by force tonnis strong and touriSp 
Shall on her hedde now werin autremi^. 
Chaucer, ad. Vny, p. 1 

AuTUROY, a. {Gr, aitrovpyia.) 
Work done by one's self; the 
work of one's own band. 

Atrrs, 9. The helve or handle of 
an axe. Shrop9h, 

AuvRRDRO, V. To overtbroav. Wwi. 

AuvBROiTiV. To overtake. We9L 

d by boogie 




AuvsRLOOK, V. To overlook; to 
look upon with the evil eye ; to 
bewitch. West. 

AuvERRioHT. Across. A West 
Country word. 

Is vat her in a little cot 
Liv'd, auverrighl tlia moor. 

An thaw a kipt a vlook o' geese, 
L war a thoughted poor. 

Jentungt* DiaUets, p. 100. 

AunsE, «. Counsel; advice. For 

AuwARDS, a<fo. Awkward ; athwart. 
North, Sheep are said to be 
auwardtt when they lie backward 
so as to be unable to rise. 
Ava', adv. At all. North, 
AvACH, V. To avouch. Beds, 
Avaoe, t. A rent or duty which 
every tenant of the manor of 
Writtel, in Essex, paid to the 
lord on St. Leonard's day, for the 
liberty of feeding liis hogs in the 
woods. PhiUipi, 
Avail,*. (A.^N.) Value; profit; 
advantage; proiduce. 

The ami; of the marriage cannot be 
craved but at the perfirct yeares of the 
apparent heir, because he rannot jmy 
the avail, but by |civin<; secnriiy of Ins 
landea. Hope's Minor Practicts, 48. 

Quoth he, " Fayre maye, yet I you pray, 

Thus much at my desyer 
Vouchsafe to doo, as goe him too. 

And saye. an Austen fryar 
Woulde with him speake, and maters 
For his avayle certaine." 

A Mery Jest of a Sergeannt, 

Howe'er, I charge thee. 

As heaven shall work in me for thine avail. 

To tell me truly. 

Shaicsp., AWs W. that Ends W^ 1, 8. 

AvAiTE, V, {A,'N,) To watch. 

The which ordeynede for a law, that 
what tyroo there was any fyrc in that 
cit6, there sbulde be a bidelle y-or 
drined for to avaite hit, and to make an 
highe prodamadone in the nXi. 

Gesta Rom,., p. 53. 

Avals, "1 ». (A.-N.avaler.) (1) To 
AVAIL, j descend ; to fall down ; 
to sink. 

And often it bathe befallen, that tur 

of the Jewes ban eon up the nu 

taynes, and ataled down to the vale 

biit gret nombre of folk ne may nu 

so. Mamndcvilc, p. 

But when they came In sight. 

And from their sweaty coursers did on 

^W, F. q., II, IX 

(2) To lower; to let do 
Sometimes abridged to vale, s 
the phrase ** to vote the bonn 
to lower the bonnet, or take 
the hat. 

He wold avaU nowther hood ne h 

Me abyde no man for his curtesyr 

Chancer, C. T., I 

(3) To assault. Skinner. 
Ayan, adj. Filthy; squalid. Noi 

AvANCB. {A.^N.) (1 ) ©. To advai 
to profit. See Avaunce, 
(2) a. Advancement. 
AvANCB, "I 9. {A.'N) The 1 
AVANS, I barefoot, which 
AVBNS, J formerly much usee 

Costmarie and arens are rerie plcf 
heurbes to give a savour like 8pi( 
potlMec and salads. 

Markham, Conntrie Fkrme, ed. ] 

Ayanceubnt, a. Advancement 
AvANG, 8. A strap, or sUy 
which the girt is buckled 
whang ; the iron strap under 
lap of the saddle to which 
stirrup-leather is fastened. De 
AvANSB, 9. To escape from. 

For any cas that may betyde, 
Schall BOfi therof ar'nnse. 

CohooU's Dtnrnee, 

AvANTAOB, f. Advantage. 


from the east, so named by 

Etesii, windes blowing very stiff**! 
fortle daies together from the east 
about the dogdaies, called of mur 
the oMaU'Curriers. I 

AvANTERS, a. pL Portions of 
nuuibles of a deer, near the r 

AvANTUURB, a. (Fr.) The 1 
wall of a town. 

d by Google 




AvAXT.PBACH, s. An ewlv kind of 

Atastwardb,!. (A..N.) TheYtn- 

^vi of an timy . 

AuBorg, a^. {Lot,) Awidous. 
?« it bireftt^ him the lore tl»t men 
•0 tm owen, and tornith it bakward 
V:>?B«aI moan, and makith that the 
«w«!w ann bath more Iiope in hia 
wd Uan m Jh«a CrisL .... And thcr- 
« "Wth aeut Poole, ad Bpket. that 
to awroa, nan ja in the Ibnidom of 
J^uia. CJka««r,P«r#oM»T. 

^tvmer, more aTaridoas. 

A« M Ben aaarwwr than hii, 


^^AST. M/«^'. A sea term, mean- 
I /^?>top, hold, enough. 
-^*wcs, 9. {A.-N,) To advance. 

^fi^Valaa fast en thai, 

lare for to dveU and him «m»«mv. 

I J . Mind's Fotnu, p. 4. 

I ;« » *««wM hath aent yon thi • three, 

^t^Witaad Science, p. 34. 
A'AcscxRa,,.(^^.) The horns 
J •'»bncL 

^^Jjjf«x*«i ffwte pwrmyd he must 

^^ m»K«f*the adlh yf ye woH 

^ ^Si.Mhmts, tL ISIO, ng. D iL 

^'*)*CT, F. To advance; to 


■-|^ W tike a^ he chanaeed toesny 
**•«■ Ama/iiy in great brareir. 

^•)j^. Before. 


■jw eaae, aad ibrth lid this 

,,2J*« «rf, hia prentis him 

^^toBtnei came ftiH meray. 


**^ «« abaihed and in grete fere. 


(5)t. Dismissal. « To give her 
the ttvaunt:* Henry VIII, ii, 3. 

AvAUNTANCEi t. Boasting. 

AvAUNTLAY, s. (^.-M) In the an- 
cient system of hunting, one or 
two couples of hounds were sent 
with a man to several points 
where the game was expected to 
pass. On the approach of the 
deer, these hounds were uncou- 
pled. The term relay was applied 
to any of these sets of hounds ; 
hut those winch, when a hart was 
uoharboured, were a-head of 
him, were the avauntrelay, or, 
more usually, wauntlay, 
AvAUNTOUR, «. A hoasler. 

Avamntmir, iahe thatboitetii of the harm 
or of tlie bounty that he hath don. 

Chaucer, Tertonet T, 
AVAUNTRIB, 1 o *. 

AVAUNTARYB,;*- Bo"ting. 

Ave, (1) V. To have. Avedy he had. 
Aveden, they had. This form is 
of constant occurrence in early 

(2) *. Evening. For eve. 
The king ther atode arith his metn^ 
Ou a palinesonnea ne. 

Jrlhowr Md MerUn, p. 200. 

Award, adj. Afraid. We$t. 

Atraunt, adj. Graceful; beoom* 

Ats-blot, 9. A reckoning ; a pay- 
ment. Minsheu, 

AvB-BooRDS, *. "Aubei, the short 
boords which are set into th' 
ontside of a water-mills wheele ; 
we call them ladles, or ove- 
boorde" Coignwe, 

AvEBR, #. Property. See Ater, 

AvEis^, adJ, Careful ; wary. For 

Atbl, (1) e. The awn or heard of 
barley. Norf. and Suff, 
(2) V. (Lot avello,) To tear away. 

AvELONO, adj. Elliptical; oval; 
oblong. "Avehng, oblongus.*' 
Prompt, P, It is still used in 
Suffolk, according to Moor, who 

d by Google 




tays that "workmen— reapers or 
mowers — ^approaching the side 
of A field not perpendicular or 
parallel to their line of work, 
will have an unequal portion to 
do,— the excess or deficiency is 
called ateUong work." 

AvKLT, adj. Com is said to he 
avely when a portion of the awns 
adhere to the grains, after it is 
dressed for the market. East, 

AvEN, 9. Promise; appearance. 

AvBNAOB, *. {A.^N.) Trihute, or 
homage, consisting of oats, paid 
to the lord of the manor. 

AvBNANT, (1) *. {A,'N.) Agree- 
ment; condition. 

(2) adj, {J.-N.) Becoming; 
graceful; agreeable. 

Madame, ahu aatil, had ve tlint knyght, 
That ea ao curtais and avmant. 

rwaint and Gatrin, 1. 8885. 

(3) adj. Accomplished; able; 

No doayper naa ao wfenamU 
To atonde hya atrok. 

OeUmtm, 923. 

Aybnaktxi, \adv. Suit. 

AVENAUNTLiCHE, J ably ; well; 

Armed at alte noiiitea 
And avntnMtli horted. 

WiU. and the Went., p. ISe. 

Of erbea, and of erberi, so atenauntliehe 

idiht. Fisiill ofStaan, at. 1. 

AvENCB, t. (^A,'N.) The feast of 

AvBNB, (1) t. An ear of corn. Pr. 

(2) adv. In the evening. Per- 
haps a misprint for ois-eve. 
Hi tul him and elde folow. 
Both oMiM and eke armorw. 


Aybno, prei. t, of avonge, for 
afonge. {A.-S.) Took; received. 

He a»€ng dethes wonnde, and wonder naa 
yt none. Boh. Oloue., p. 923. 

AvENiMBU, part. p. Envenomed. 

AvBNOB, t. {A,-N.) The person 

who, in the household of 
king, and of great barons, 
the care of the provender foi 
horses. His duties are deaci 
in the Book of Curtasye aa 
The cMyiMT sohalle wdeyn protrande 

For tho lordya horaia ererychon ; 
Thay acliyn have two caat of hay, 
A pek of provande on a day ; 
Every horae achalie ao muclie have 
At racke and manger that atandea 

A maystur of horaya a aqnyer ther la 
Jsfynrr and feronr undnr hym i-wye 
Those 5omeo that olde aiidrla tchyn 1 
That Bchyu be Uat for knyjt and kiv 
For yche a hora thai ferronre achat le 
An halpeny on day he takea hyai to : 
Undar ben groroci and pagea mony < 
That ben at wage everychoue; 
Som at two pons on a day, 
And aom atfciy. 6b. I 5on say ; 
Mouy of hem lotemini ther ben. 
That rennen by the brydela of hidya m 
AvENS, f. The plant herb ben 
ATBNaoMO, «. Evening. 
AvENT, interj, Avaunt ! 
AvENTAiLE, *. (A.'N.) The n 
able front to a helmet, but a 
times applied generally tc 
whole front of the helmet. 
AVENTE, t. {A.'N.) To Ol>€l 
aventaile for the purpos 
breathing; to admit air to. 
And let hym bayte hym on the gi 
And 03Kntid hym in that atound. 
Ti»rffU of Poringal, i 

AvENTBRS, t. Chance. See 

AvENTOuB, (1) V, To venture 
(2) t. An adventurer. 

AvENTBE, V. {Ital.) To thr 

Thenne thia one knyfrtit mm 
grete spere, and one ot the x. kn 
encoantred with hym, bnt this 
knyght smote hym lo hard that ] 
over hia liora taylle. 

MarU d'Arlk^r, 

Ayentbous, f . An adventun 

As dooth an hemad of armrs 
^ haa mttUrmu oometh to ju9t 
Fiert PL, 

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lTsiiTVBB,(l)t. Acodent causing 
doth. A law term. It it the 
generic teim for ehanee in early 
wrifceri. See jhmiw, 
(2) adv. Perchance. SetJunter. 

AVKMTDBLT, aIv. Boldlj. 

kvmn, 9. {d..N.) (1) A bub's per- 
sonal property. 

(2) #. A woilcJiorse, or other 
bent empiojed iB larming. 

(3) a^, (conjeetBred to be the Ice- 
landica/ir.) Peerish. N^rikwmd. 

i^BAGB, It. (J..N.) Manley, 
ATBBisH,jin bis additions to 
CowelU saf s that ib the North 
of fngland this word is ased for 
the stublile or remaiader of 
straw and grass left in corn- 
fields after the harvest Is carried 
in. Boocher gives it as a York- 
•hire word, meaning a coarse of 
plonghing in rotation^ Carr ex- 
plains it " winter eaUge." 

ArgR.CAKB, M. An oat-cake. 

AviBcoBN, #. (1) Com drawn to 
the granary of the lord of the 
nanor by the working cattle, or 
aMrt, of the tenants. 
(2) A reserved rent in com, 
psid by ftrmera and tenants to 
rdigioas houses. 

AvRB, #. Property. See Aver. 

A7iEit.t.(^..Ar) April. A North 
Coontry word. See the PofnUar 
Ri»yme9, Sfc, of Scotland, by R. 
Chambers. 8vo, Edinb., 1842, 
p. 39, where the same form of 
the word occurs in a rhyme 
popular in Stirlingshire. It is 
>^1B archaism. 

/»ml i« mtarj, and Inogitli tke day 5 
Ud]« loven solas and pJay : 
3«a7Bet.)aite«; kajehtia, tamay ; 
SjrogiUi tU aygktyagde. frrcddh chco Jay. 

ATiBiMa, t. '«When a hegging 
boy strips himself and gOf:s 
aaked into a town with a fals 
•tory of being cold, and slript, 
«l more oompaasioo aud get 

better doaths, tUs is call'd 
averptff, and to goe a mermg,** 
Kemneii, MS. Lanad. 
AvBRiBH, t. The stuhUe and grass 
left ia com fields after hanrest. 
Aar/A See Avermga, 

In thrae mouaiea after the eoranc bfe 
inaede, it is me«t« to iratt dnm.'Uta 
horasea aad oxflo lato the aarruA, xiifl 
so ioooge to eoBtiuae there «• (i.e 
meate safllceth, whirh will raae tiir 
other paatorei they went ia befurr. 

JrckmUgia, iiii, S79. 

Atbbland, «. Land ploughed by 
the tenants, with their cattle, or 
arerv, for the use of a monaster^', 
or of the lord of the soil. OntelL 

AvBBotjs, «4f. Araricioas. Wick- 
litTe renders Prov. i, 19, *' of the 
tnermu maa that is gredy of 
gaia." See Jvaram. 

Atbbotiib, a. (.^.-M) The herb 

AvBBPBNT, #. Average penny. 
This word occurs in Rider'$ Die-' 
fioiutrie, 1640. According to 
Cowell, it is money contributed 
towards the king's averages ; and 
Bastall gives the same ezplana- 

Aterbat, 9. To aver ; to instract. 

A¥BBRVNCATB,«.(Iaf. Wfrrunco.) 
To root out, or extirpate; to 

AysBEVKCATiow, t. EztirpatioB. 

AvBBBATioif, t. (ImL) Aversion, 
great dislike to. 

Tliii abaoat aaiTenal Maermtiam of the 
people had a aatural inflneaca apoa 
the imi 'sa en tative. tbe Parliament. 

)rU«m*f/caMff 7.1668. 

ATBRaiLvxB, t. A custom or rent 
so called, originating from the 
cattle, or antra, of the tenants. 

AvBBST, adv. At the first. 

Aybbtt, adj. {A.'N. avertin.) 
Mad; fiery. 

The respons wore rei^ that PhUip did 
'*" " here. 

e aaert . 

*9Ur lan^^, p. S60. 

▲ knyght fuUe aaerta gaf^ tham this sn- 


by Google 




AvKRT, (1) t. The pltce of sttnd- 
ing for draaght and work-horses. 
This is Boucher's explanation of 
the term, which is frequently 
met with in old writers. The 
author of A New Engiuh Die- 
iUmary, 1691, explains it, "the 
place where oats are put for 
horses," which is probably more 
correct, haver being the term 
for oaU in the North of England. 
(2) Every. 

AvE-scoT, #. A reckoning; an 
account. Mhuheu. 

Ayit, $. Weight. 

And yt atet more bi six and thritti leed 
punde, tbat beeth to bundred and sex- 
tene wexponde. Seliq. Jniiq., i, 70. 

AvBTROL, «. (^.-iV.) Abasterd. 

Thoa ateirol, thou foale wrecbe. 
Here tbon hast tbyn endyng fecbed ! 

K. Alisaundfr, 1. 3693. 

Aybydb. Perhaps an error for 

Takcth and cteth. tbys biia my body. 
Of Mthe he bam mfi/de. 

mUiam de Shoreham. 

Ayexbd, adj. Troubled ; vexed. 

Also rt most to tbat abe be not avexyd 
nor grevyd with moche noyae, nor wyih 
ionpe of men. , ,„,^ . 

Book ^St. AOtuu, ed. 1810, »\g. B it. 

AviDULOUs, adj. (Lai.) Rather 

AviEU, \v. To view. "I<nr«M, 
AYEWK, J I take syght of a thing." 

AviLE, V. {J.'N. avilir.) To de- 

kviKTAiv^ adv. (A.'N.) Speedily. 

AvTROUN, prep. {A.-N.) Around. 

Avis, #. {A.-N.) (1) Advice. 

And right as the scbipmen taken here 
avyi berr, and goveme hem be the lode 
aterre, right so don schipmen befondo 
the parties, be the sterre of the southc, 
the whicbe sterre apperethe not to ns. 
Mmindniit, ed. 1839, p. 180. 

(2) Opinion. 
AvisE, V. {A.»N.) (1) To obsenrc ; 
to look at. AvUand, observing. 

(2) To consider ; to advise with 
one's self; to inform, or teach. 

Avi^it pori. p. Circumspect. 

Of werre and of bataile he vaa fnlle «nV. 
LangU^, p. 1S». 

AviSELT, adv. Advisedly. 

Orer alia tbinges ye scbal do yosre 
diligence to kepe yourc persone, and to 
warmstore youre bouse; and scydm 
also, that in this yow aughte for to 
wircbe ful avysiU and with prei d<»lile- 
raciotto. ChauctTt T. ttf Melihet*. 

Ayisemknt, «. Advice; counsel. 

AvisiNESSB, «. Deliberation. 

AvisiouN, #. {A.-N.) A vision. 
This word is of frequent occur- 
rence in Chaucer, Robert of 
Gloucester, and others. 

And onre Lord defended hem that tbd 
sebolde not telle tbat atisiouHj tU that 
he were ryseu from dethe to lyf. 

MauHdeviU, od. 1839, p. 114w 

AviST, <Kftf. A -fishing. West, 
AviTous, adj. {Lot. aviius.) Very 

Ayivbs, «. A disease in horses. 

The horse liaving dranke much, or 
watered verie quickly after bis beat and 
tra\-aile, and upon it growing cold, and 
not being walked, doth beget the anvrs, 
M'liich doc but little differ from the 
disease called the king*s-evill, because 
as well in beasts as in man. the king's- 
evill coninieth of too much cooling of 
water, the throat having becne heated, 
whereupon the borsc ioosetb his appe. 
tite to eat, and his rest likewise, and 
bis eares bec«)me cold. 

Markhamt Ccmtirit Rrm*. 

AvizE. See Aviee, 

AvocATB, V. {Lat ttvoeo,) To call 
from ; to draw away. 

AvoERT, t. {A.'N.) The right 
of the founder of a house of 
religion to the advowson or pa- 
tronage thereof. Thfse patrons 
had, in some instances, the 
sole nomination of the abbot or 
prior, either by direct investi- 
ture, or delivery of a pastoral 
staff; or by immediate piesenta- 
tion to the diocesan ; or if a free 
election were left to the reUgiona 

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fonndatiofi, « licenee for deetion 
was first to be obuioed from the 
patroD, tod the election was to 
be oonfinned by him. Kttmtii. 

Aroio, V. {A.'N.) To go, depart, 
or retire ; to get oot of the way. 

Than buesfc thiag, meU, hence from mj 

Stv not a amtm stirrins, for mil the 
people were mtcmitd and witbdraven. 

(2) The word ia frequently used 
by old writers, to signify the 
remoTal of dishes firom table. 

Jwcjdm tko borde into tho llore, 
Tbae away tbo treetes that b«n ao itnre. 
Bok$ cf CmrtaMge, p. SS. 

His office to mveU the tables, in (air 

(3) «• The act of avoiding. 

And as well the aerryae for the king 
far all nif ht« as the sreete mroydea at 
feastea, and the darjy drinkingra be- 
twixt melcs in the kings chaaoibre for 
lOer Niger Damns Beg. Edw. IK p. 87. 

Avoidance, a. (^.-M) Expulsion ; 

Atoidons, t. In a general aense, 
the vacancy of a benefice ; but 
in some instances, the profits 
during such a vacancy. 

Aroim, a. (J.-N.) Property. See 

AV0IB-DE-PBI8K,1 t. (^.-iV.) Ar- 
AToi&DCPoisE, /tides of mer- 
chandise that are sold by weight. 
** It 8ig:nifieth such merchandise 
as are weighed by this weight, 
and not by Troy weight." CowetL 

AvoKS, V. To revoke; to call 

Atokbt, t. An advocate. Wyekliffe. 

AvoLATioK, t. {LaL) A flying 

Onlj indieate a moist and plinioiis air, 
which hinders the mmtUtum vt the light 
and fariUoos particles, whereupon they 
settle upon the snast. 

Srvwme, Tulgor Btron, 

AvoNGX, V. To take. See Afange, 

Atobo, 9. To aflbrd. Wett. 

AyoviWf pr€p. Before. Wegi. 

AvoBBWAno, ad9. At first ; before- 
hand. RoA, Giout, 

AvoBN, «Ar. Before him. Wmi, 

AvoBTB, adv. Forward. 

AvoTB, adw. On foot. Roh, Okme. 

Avouch, 1 #.(<^.-JV.) Proof; 

AVoucHMBNT, j testimony, 

Atoubb, t. Confession ; acknow- 
ledgment. Spetuer, 

Atouby, t. (A.-N.) An oU law 
term, nearly equivalent to justifi- 

llierfore away with these evownrr- )rt 
God alone be our awowrye; what kivo 
we do to runne hether or thrther, bat 
onely to the Father of heaten f 

UHmer't Sermoms, ed. 1S71. f. M. 

Ayoutbeb,«. (A.'N,) An adulterer. 
Ayovtbie, «. (A.-tf.) Adultery. 
Ayowablb, «. Allowable. This 

word occurs in Rider'g Dicfion* 

«n>, 1610. 
Avow, (1) «. {A.-N.) A vow; an 


Mjne eaow make I. 

Sob$tm't Bommuet^ p. 61. 
Thns he biak his nmoc, that he toGod had 

Booni. Laiujto/i, p. 112. 

Avows, p. (A.'N,) (1) To vow ; to 
make a vow. "Avowen^ or make 
avowe ; Voveo." Prompt. Parv. 
(2) To allow; to pardon. 
Avowi, #. (A.^N.) (1) A fnend; 
an advocate. 
And hendely they bjsechith ths 
That thou beo heore atait*. 

L. AUaaundtTt L SlOO. 

(2) One who has the right of 
presentation to a benefice. ** He 
to whom the right of advowson 
of any church appertainetb, so 
that he may present thereunto 
in his own name." CoweiL 

(3) Patronage. 

Tor thorn a a o W of him, the eone 1 
that strif. Bob. Glome., p. 477. 

And so indured sir Robert Harmyon 
and Somervyle as anneit of the howys 
alle the tyme of the lyve of William 
the Baatarde. Jtoiuai. Anglie, 

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LvowsRT, #. (i^.-M) (1) Patron- 
age ; protection. 

(2) Cognizance, badge, distine- 

IvowsAi., «. A confession. 

IvowT, $. (A.^N,) A couatenance. 

iyowTBKT, 9. Adalterv. 

IvoY, ini€fj, (A.-N.) ' (1) A cry 
used to call hounds ovt of cover. 
(2) imp, i. Avoid ; leave ; quit. 

IvRiL, s. April. North, See AveriL 

ivnoRE,ad/\ Frozen. We»t. 

IvuEV, adj. Slovenly in dress. 

LvYB&MBTL,*. Oatmeal. YorJkth, 

ivYK, V. {A,'N.) To show the way. 

Sir Arthnre and Gawayne 
Aajfede tUeme boUiene. 

Morte Jrtkun. 

LvTNBT, «. A collection of fables, 
so termed from Avienus, whose 
fables were popular in the Middle 
Ages, as from i£sop, an Esopet, 

By the po feet is undentande, 
Aa I have lenieU in Avynei. 

Piers PL, p. 24S. 

ImrasETH, adv. A-fishing. 

L-day as he wery was, and a suoddrynge 

byni Bome, 
Lnu yi men wery y-wend avyueik^ sevn 

Ctttbert to hym com. Rob. Gloue^p.Zti. 

iw,{\)pnm, I. Nortkumb, 

(2) adv. Yes. Warw. 

(3) adj. All. North. 
{\)ado. All; totally. Crwen. 

(5) prtt, i, nng. Owe. 

And lir, aho aaid, on al wise, 
I cw tha honor and aervne 

i'waute and Oitmm, I 720. 

(6) For awy althoagh. 

I eoitld do Baa leat ner mack bond to 
eah him in tot' house, /or aw it wor an a 
clunter. Crmvtn bitUogMet, p. )!99. 

(7) Aw out, adv. Entirely. 
VvTKHT^t prtt, i' (A.^ awehie.) 

iwAiT,i,(J,'N.) Watch; ambush. 
kwAiTB, V. (A,'N.) To watch; to 

attend upon. 

And this sire Urre wold nerer goo frc 
sire Laaucelot, but he aud sir Gara 
avayted ererniore U|Min hym, and tli 
were in all the courte ncoouiitod 1 
good kayghtes. MorU d: Arthur, li, St 

AwAiTBR, «. An attendant; 

AwAKiD,;Mir/.p. Awake. Somer8i 

AwANTiNO,a^'. Deficient to; wat 

AwAPB, 1 V, (A.'S. perhaps co 
A WHAPB, j nected with wa/iun, 
be astonished or amazed, som 
times written wapean,»nilwoffic 
to rave.) To confound; to 6t 
pefy ; to astound. 

Tlieo noise of heom askaped ; 
Al that oat wa« awaped. 

K Jlumumder, 1. 36 

Ah any dear goaaip. answrrd then th«* n 

Deeply do your sad words my wits mwka 

Spctu., Mother Hub. TaU, 

AwARANTiSB, adv. Assuredly. 
Award, 9. To ward off. 
AwARB, (1) To bt aware, to pi 

As Kohin Uood walked the forest alon^ 

Some pnstime for to 'spy. 
There he was atpare of a )oliy akq^ert 

That ott the gi-ouad did lie. 

Robin Hood and the Skepht 

(2) P. To prepare, or make rtn 
for any one. 

So he led him to the chambor of j 

senre. and ever and anon cr>-ea • 

Aware, roome for me and my uiirle * 

Armtn's Nest oflvimHife, IC 

AwARiB, 0. {A,'S, awyrian.) 

Theves, ye be ded, withouten leainge, 
Awarid worth ye irhon. 

Off qf Wanrite^ p. 1 

AwARN, 9. To warn; to forewa 
AwARPB, 1 p. {A.^S, aweorpa 
AWKORPB, J To cause to bend ; 
cast down. 

Eld me awarpeth^ 
That mi schuldren scharpith. 
And fouthe me hath let. 

Reliq. Anti^,, n, 5 



To warrant : 

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AwABT, adp. Thrown on tke back 
•nd anable to rise. North, 

AwAa9ums,parl.p. Washed. 

A-WATBB, miv. On the water. Pien 
PL In the following paaaage it 
seems to have somewhat the sense 
of «/«ea. 

But if be hud knke Us araa as wd ■• 
hi» in^, vhen be fell oat of hevTen 
into CnaiMW. cither Apollo must hAre 
plated tbe bone-«etter, or crerj ocenp«F 
tioB bmii! byde »-mUer. 

CoM»'f ScAo^U iffJhue, 1$79. 

A WAT, t. (1) A way. 

And ihaU dqnzte his MPtyefrom thcace 
J€remjf, chap. dS, CnenUl^g Vtrnm, 

(2) Past. "This month away." 

Away with, v. To bear with ; to 

eadare ; to abide. 
I aaj Bot new wiih fomt new noones. 
ItauS, i, IS, CowrdaWs VertUm. 
She cooU nercr Moey witk me. 

Of all vjai^ i' the eonrt I cauioi avow 
tfia her. B. Jon., Cfptth, SeteU, ii, 5. 

I, Vat I am an nnfortonate ; for I neither 
can pre or take jests, neither can mrav 
wUk aczokes. Tereuet U SmglUk, IMl. 

AwAT-ooiNO, t. Departure. 

AwAT^HB-MARB. A popoUr song 
of the sixteenth century, fre- 
quently alluded to by writers of 
that period. 

Of no nsB ho tooke any care. 
But son?, heyho. ewm tie msrt, 

lis FtjoF md tks B0f, cd. 1617. 

Jwmy thtmar: food Wnttik 
I set not a whitiago 
By all their wriUog. 

DocUmr DinOkU AU. 

AwATTB, *. A Spring. See i^voif. 

AwATWAKD, ado. Going away; 

AwBBLL, 9. A kind of tree, but in 
consequence of the manner in 
which the word is explained in 
the Prmnpt. Parv., it is difficult 
to state the exact species. "Aw- 
3ftf or ebeltre: Ebenu8,iribumus." 
It prohah^ means the abek, or 

white poplar, which is called 

eiM in the Eastern Coanties. 
AwBLAST, «. An arbalest. 
A wcTB, pret. f . Possessed. 
Awn, adj. Old. NoHk. 
AwDEiBB-DAY, J. Sl iGthddrytha's 

Awb', p. (1) (J.^.) To be bound 

by duty. / awe, I oughL 

And the arehebjMeboppe of Cawnter- 
bory, tbe erie of Essex, ibe lonie 
Baraeaae. and sarhe other as amyd^ 
kjnee Edwarde good wylle, as welle m 
iJbndone as in otiierc pt<ir(-s, marie as 
naay menae as thei myglitc in atrcu^jtb* 
yuge the aeide kynge EJwarde. 

Warheortk's Cknm. 

(2) To own ; to possess ; to owe. 

(3) t. (A.S.) An ewe. 

AtM bleteth after lomb. 
Jiiouth alter calve ru. 

iBt/J9«V JucutU Som§*, {,11. 

(4) 9. (A.'S. ofa, fear.) Doubt; 
fear. **Jwe or doute: Dubium, 
Ambigunm." Prompt. Part. 

(5) V. To awe ; to make afraid. 
AwBALDB, p. {A.-S.) To govern. 
AwBAftiBD,jMirf.j9. Weaned; tired. 
AwBBAND,«. A reprimand; a check 

upon aay one. 
AwEccHB, V. {d.'S. aofeeean.) To 

O frere ther wes arooag, 

Ot here slep hem shulde mrntke. 

Meliq, jUUif., tu i378. 

AwBODB, at^. (J.'S. ) Mad. 

Wives ther lay on chfld bcdde, 
SiUB ded, sna sum aweMe. 


AwBDB, V. (J.^S.) To become 

He rod agayn as tyd, 
And liybeaas so he smyt. 
As men that wold mwede, 

lyh. JHtean,, I 957. 

AwKiGHTTB, pret. t, {A.'S.) 

The kyng swoghened for thst voniide. 
And hastilich bymself ^npeighttt. 
And tbe lannce out nleijchtte, 
Aiid lepe on tote with swerd of steeU 
And gan hyn were swithn wel 

A'. AluatuuUr, 6&»& 





AwKiNTD, part, p. Weaned. 

AwELDB, t7. {^.-S.) To govern; to 

AwEN, a4;\ (A,'S.) Own. 

AwENBKSf pret, i. pi. Thought. 

AwBR, «. An hour. Lane. 

Awesome, adj. {I) Respectful; re- 
specting one another. 

I Ree tliey ore wiw nni witty, in dne 
place awsome, loving one the oilier. 

Terence in EnglUk^ 1641. 

(2) Appalling; awful. North, 
kwvs:^ V. {A.'S.) To know. 

Be mey home we tchall meet 
Yeff Boben Hade be nerhnnde. 

Bobin Hood, i, 93. 

AWBTWARD, T fl(fp. (A.'S.) A- 

AWETW AftDES, j Way. See Away' 

Thofl we beth al aweyvuLrd, 
Tliat BChold her bvleve. 

Widiam de Shortham. 

To winne hem alle aveiwardes fro the white 
beres. tniliam, and the JFenoolf, p. 79. 

AwF, #. (1) An elf. North. 
(2) An idiot ; a fooL North. 

AwFiN, $. One of the pieces in the 
game of chess. ** Awfyn of the 
cheker, alfinus.'' Prompt, Parv. 
See Aljfyn. 

AwFRYKE, tf. Africa. 

Awful, ad;. (1) ObedSent ; under 
doe awe of authority. Shakesp. 
(2) Fearful ; fearing. 

AwGRT, pret. t. Ought. 

AwoHTEND, adj. The eighth. 

AwoRYM, », Arithmetic. See 

AwHAPB, V. To confound ; to ren- 
der stupid by fear. See Awape. 

A wild aiid salrage man ; 

Yet was no man, but only like in ahape, 

And eke in atatnro higher by a span. 

All over-grown with hair Ihiit rould awhape 

An hardy heart. Spent,. F. g., IV, vii, 6. 

AwHARF, adv. (A.-S.) Whirled 

And wyth qaettyng a-wharf, er he wolde 
lyjt. Syr Ga«ayne, p. 82. 

AwHEELS, adv. On wheels. 
AwuERE, adv. Anywhere. 

Fer yf my foot wolde euoker goo. 

Gvterr. MS. 
I knowe ynongh of this matter. Pam- 
phagua, not thither avekfre but riche. 

JeoUutut, 1540. 

AwBEYNTE, V. To acquaint. 
Awhile, (1) conj. Awhilst. 

(2) V. To have time. Var. dial. 
AwHOLE, adv. Whole; entire. 

AWILLE« V. To will. 
AwiNNE, V. To win ; to gun ; to 

accomplish a purpose. 

Wyth sonft-the ofherte and achryft of 

Duth deedbote this tyme nouth, 
tif te wolle God atov'ttne. 

^lii.Jntiq., ii. 843. 

AwiRouD, jior/. p. (1) Accursed. 

(2) Strangled. 
AwiTB, 17. (A.'S.) To accuse. 

Be not to hasty on brede for to bite, 
Of gredynca lest men the wolde avfite. 

lUli^. jAtig., i. 167. 

AwiTH, pres. t. of awe. Ought. 

And if the prcst sacre Crist wan lie 
blessilh the sacrament of God in tlte 
autcr, amtk he not to blessilh the peple 
that dredith not to sacre Crist ! 

Apology fur the Loliards, p. 80. 

AwKE, adj. (1 ) Transverse ; cross ; 
oblique. ** AwkejOryfron^ : Sinis- 
ter." Prompt. P. 

Hienne groned that knyght and ad. 
dressyd hym to syre Gawayn, and with 
an atoke atroke gaf hvm a grete wound 
and kytte a vayne. tyng Arthur, i, 148. 

(2) Angry ; ill-natured. ** Awke^ 
or angry: Contrarius, bilosus." 
Prompt. P. 

AwKELY, adv. Ill-naturedly. 

AwK-END, 9. The end of a rod, 
wand, or pole, which is not that 
used for the purpose for which 
the instrument was made. 

AwKERT, adj. (1) Perverse. Zone. 
Awkertly, foolishly. 

Tlie dickons tey thee, Meary I whot on 
avkert wlieun arteau ! whot teh pleague 
did t' flay meh o thiss'n for? 

Tim Bobbin, ^.^, 

(2) Stubborn, obstinate. North, 





kwrwAKDE^edv. Backward. Awk* 
ward occun in a umilar senae 
in Shakespeare. 

Awl, cdj. All. Jly «02r, my 

AwLATK, i. (^..5.) TodiagQst. 

Tar Ike kinr wn aondel mvUted, ud to 
gnt deaptt it wun. Mob. Giimr^ p. tfS. 

A^LDB, A^'. Old. 

AwLBssB, adj. Fterless. 
Tbc grcatrr strokes, the fiereer wu the 
■ouster's aml€*9e liebt 

Wmrma't Jm<m*9 SmgUmi, U99. 

AwLUKo,/»r^. All along ; entirely 

owing to. Amhmg o\ all along 

of. North. 
AwLirs, o^. Always. Lane, 
AwM, (1) «. A measure of Rhenish 

wine. conUining forty gallons. 

(2) I am. North, 
Aw-M ACKS, t. All sorts, or kinds. 

AwifBRRyl tf. (medieval Lai. am- 
AwvYB, J 6ra.) A liquid mea- 

lare; a kind of wine vessel. 
AwMBasB-E, «. An almoner. 

Prompt. P. 
AwiiE. (1) 9. {A,'N. eemer.) To 

guess ; to aim. 

(2) «. A auapidon. 
AwMNE&B,a. (^.-iV.) An almoner. 

Hhdoties are thns set.out in the 

Bokeof Cortasye: 

Tke svwMr* by tliis bathe siiyde grace. 
And the abnes-ayMke base sett in place; 
Ther in the kcrrer alofte schalle sette ; 
To lerre God fjrst, withotiten lette. 
lltese other h>fes be parys slioaie, 
Iats hit myd dysshe, witbouten donte. 
Ilie smaUe lofebe enttes even in twynse, 
Tbo over dole in two lays to faym. 
The ammenere a rod sclialle hare in bondc. 
As o(Bce for almcs, y undarstonde} 
Alk the broken-met he kepys, y vatc^ 
To dele to pore men at the jate, 
Aad drynke thatlerea serrcd in halle, 
or ijehe and pore, botlic frete ami smalle; 
He IS ssrome to averse the serris wele, 
Aad dele it to the pore erery dele ; 
Selvcr he deles rydand by way, 
And his atmys-dysahe, as 1 500 say. 
To the porest man that be can fynde, 
Other sllys, I wot, be is unkynde. 

AwMoss, t. pi. Alms. Thcresby 

gives this form of the word in hia 

letter t<^ Ray, 1703. 
AwMRT, 9. A pantry. North. See 

Awn, (1)9. To own ; toacknow* 

ledge. North. 

(2) To own ; to posseu. North. 

(3) To visit. YorkMh. 

(4) adj. Own. 

As fVrste, the zr. of alle there gnode*, 
and tlisiine sne bole x%\, st yctt ni k\ rry 
batell to oome ferreoute there ountrets 
at tber «mi« coste. 

WmrbMrtk*i Ckrem. 

Awv'o.pari. p. Ordained. Yorkeh. 

I am aum'd to ill luck, i. e., it is 

ray peculiar destiny. 
AwNDBRNB,«. An andiron. Proatpi. 

AwNB, s. The beard of com ; the 

arieia of Linnsus. North. 
AwNBR, «. (1) A possessor; aa 

owner. North. 

(2) An altar. 
AwN-BBLL, #. Own-self. North. 
AwNTtTBfl, t. AdveoturoQS. Sea' 

AwoNDKR, 9. (1) To surprise; to 


He was wjjtliche awonJerti, 
And nn to wepe vtrr.. 

Willum mad tk« Werwolf t p. 13. 

(2) To marvel. 

Heo mituniffde switbe. 

MS. Beg., 17 A xfvii. f. 6S. 

AwoRK, aifv. On work ; at work. 

I'll set his baming nose onre more ansork 
To smell where I reroot'd it, 

B. Jon., CoMe it Jlier'd, ii, S. 
WiU yonr grace set him aworkf 

Bird in m Cogt, i, 1. 

AwoRTHK, adv. "Worthily. 
AwR,;ir(wi. Our. North. 
AwREKK, V. (A.-'S,) To avenge, or 
be revenged of. Pret. t. aurake. 

Fort ieb have after )oa i-sent, 
To morekt me thorou^ jntrement. 
Vow «e witen how hit is agon, 
Awreke me swithe of mi fon. 

FUmeeandBlanekffl., 1. 679. 

Awreke, part, p. Revenge^ 

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He finor he wold mortkf be of hy« brofchrr 
Robenl. Bob. GUme , p. 368. 


AwvLiTmSf pari. p. WrittCB. 
Awmo, adj. Any. 

Is ther fallen imj affny 
In lud ovro where! 

Tvwtuley M^tUriet, p, S73. 

AwBOKEN, part. p. of twreke. 

AwBOTHB, r. (-(^.-5.) To mike 

AwKUDDT, a/9. Alreidy. iVbr/A. 
Aws-BONKs, «. "Ox-bones, or 

hones of the legs of cows or oien, 

with which boys (in Yorkshire) 

play at aw$ or yawse." Kennett. 
AwsT. I shall. Northumb, 
AwT. (1) All the. North. 

(2) adv. Out. North. 
AwTALENT, #. {A.-S.) in will. 
AwTER, (1) 17. To alter. North. 

(2) 9. An altar. 

Seynt Tbomaa vat i-sbiwe. 

At Canlyrbury at the aaoter tton, 

Wlier many mvnidvs are i-don. 

Richard Coer de Zidit, 41. 

AwTH. (1) All the. North. 

(2) *. Ought ; anything. 
AwTHB, adj. Sad ? 
Pilgreines. in speche ye ar folle moike. 
TowneUii MjftUrit*, p. 274. 

AwTHER, adj. Either. 
AwT8, #. Oats. Lane. 
AwvE. I have. Northumb. 
AwvER, firf». Over. 5om«r*e/. 
AwvisB, adj. (1) Elvish. Z.<m(?. 

E, law I on did 'n the awvish shap, an 
the pleek Juaap paa, aed 'n the ? 

Tm Bobbin, p. 7. 

(2) Queer ; neither sick nor well. 
AwvisHLT, adv. Horribly; super- 

"When be eooa in ogea, be glooart 

tunUkfy ot meszil feaae; on meuil 

feaie glendurt oa wrytlienly ot him osen. 

Jim Bobbin, p. SO. 

AwwHERE, adv. Everywhere ; all 


AWTRIEN, t. (A.-S.) To 

Tliry wolden awyrien that wifbt 
For hia vel dedea. Fiert Pi. p. 400. 

Ax, 8. (1) A miU-dam? See 

Alaother ia a artbntmymafltcrclainetb 
the keeping of; i pray yiMi let then 
bare and occnpie the same unto the 
aame tyme, and then wc ahuU takt a 
dereccion in every thiiif. 

PlnrnptonCorretpmuUmet, p. 7>. 

(2) An axletrec. Kent. 
Axe, 1 p. (A.-S.) To ask. This 
AX, J word, which now passes 
for a mere vulgarism, is the 
original Saxon form, and used 
commonly by Chancer and others. 
That alio some as he hym berdc; 
The kiHgea wordra he anauerde ; 
'What thyug: the kyng: him axe wolde, 
Therof anon the trowthe he tolde. 

Omer, MS. Gw*.. It. i, 6. 

And axed them this question than. 

Heywooi^ Four Ps, 0. P.,i, ^^ 

AxEN, #.(//.. 5.) Ashes. Still used 
in the dialect of the West. 
T not wharof beth men ao prate; 
Of erthe and axen^ fcUe and bone? 
PoL Sonte, p. 90S. 

AxBN-CAT, «. A cat which tum- 
bles in the ashes. Devon. 

Axes, «. The ague. Applied nsore 
particularly to fits or paroxysms. 

In the xiii of king Edwardc, there was 

ft mate hote aomer And unhrer- 

•ally ferera, axee, and tlie hlody flix pre- 
vailed in diverse partes ot Endande. 

LeUaid's Coll., ii, 607. 
Not only yong. bat some that wer olde, 
Wyth love's axcesu now wer they bote, 
now colde. 

Bockas, Fall ofPrinca, L lU. 

AxEW ADDLE, (1) ». To woUow on 
the gruund. Devon.. 

(2) «. One, w1k> by coostantly 
sitting near the fire, becomes 
dirty with ashes; an idle and 
lazy person. Devon. 

(3) A dealer in ashes. Devon. 
AxFETCH, 1 tf. A plants so called 

AxvETCH, yfrom the axe-like 
AXWORT, J shape of Us pods» 

d by boogie 




And ve seede aot maka asy Itmbt of 
it, but that ercii food ud kinde frowMl. 

iMin); forth any 
tJung bat liitstvd Kede,— tikv bottles, 
a^ftck. or rach otbrr like wipi«fit«bJe 
vcnieL n« OMW/rM fWw. p. M6. 

Axii^NAiLs, «. Naik or bolts to 
attach the axle-tree to the eart. 

Axing, t. A reqacsi. 

AxioMAXCT, s. DiTiBatkm by 
hatchets. Coeiermwt, 

AxLi-TOorH, «. A grinder. North. 

To dreame of esfks UTing oirer oar 
beadi. to dremie of ■uurriujrea, dUoc- 
iBg. «sd banqneuin^ forrtcils some of 
our kinsTolkes are departed ; to dreaow 
of Hirer, if thtm haat it fpf«a to thy- 
■etfe, rarow; of gold, ggod fortvive; 
tokiie an axU-tolk or an eye, the death 
•f tone friend; to dmia of bloody 
teeth, the death of the dreamer. 

Commirf-mBt$ Comnulhr, 163S. 

Ax-piDLAR, M. A dealer in aabes ; 

1 penon whabawka about wood- 

ashet. IF«ff/. 
AxsKBB, a. The axfetcb. Hiimheu. 
AxsT, V. (i/.-5. octtaa.) To ask. 

Ho that wyD tliere mxfjf jostna. 
To kepe hys amea fro tlie mta», 
la taKDeaeot oUier Orrht. 

Liwtfid, 10S7. 

AxTREi, «. The axle-tree. 
AxuNoxE, «. (Za/. ajpunfiaj) Soft 
fat; grease. 

The povder of eartb-vanaes, and anpa- 
ftr, artd eth farther, nvanaweU, and 
tite tender toppea of the bo\e.tree, 
viib olibanam -, nil tbeae. beinx made 
«p aad tempered to^eclwr to make aa 
enpbater, he eoaaaeUeth to bee ap' 
pljw to Hnaeves that are layed oiicn. 
TdpieU. History qfSerfetUs, p. Sll. 

AxwoBT, #. Axfetcb. iOnaheu. 
Ay, $. (^..s. 4Bf.) (1) An egg. 
Affr9m,pL{ji,^a9ru.) Eggs. 

Aftcnnrd a llok of Vryddit, 
And a faaotn heom amyddca. 
And «r he laide, lo he tiejfh, 
TJal feol ihe kTOg Phelip nygh, 
A drafNm erep out of the tcbelle. 
TUe bryijht tonne m bote hit schoa, 
TJmi the gjf al to-«oon. 
The dragoa by in the atrete. 
M}sbte he noasht dare for hete; 

p. 101. 

He fondith to errope, aa y ov telle, 
Ageya ia to ihe ««-whei(e. 

X. AUmmnder, U. IM-«77. 

Jj/rm they Icfpth. aa a grilToB ; 
Ac they bcoB more feor arouo. 

/I.. I. aeod. 

(2) eoiy. Tea. 

(3) ad9. Always ; erer. 

(4) interj. Ah I 

A$ ! be-thereve Tov be ny fay. 
EiUon'g AMcinU Song*, p 

Of noa the bad ay to ttint ne hold tlinm 
BUOe. Un^ttfVt Ckrtm., p. 2:^). 

Thi men er btoeged baid la Dnnbar «ith 
grete «y«. lb., p. 276. 

Atancb, prtp. Against. 
Atdbk, eonj. Either. 
Ayb, ^ 

ATBjr, \adv. (A.'S,) Again; 

ATBNB, [prtp. against. 


Ye mote abide aad thole aie, 
TiU eftMBe y oome awe 

Atbl, «. (J.'N.) A grandfcther. 

?or kyng Cynii woald not, ia h ji lire, 
SnlTre bya mfH of venr i^eiitilnesse 
That men abMild ^raalhe liiai d^pryre 
Of kinglj hoDoar. BoekoM, li, 60. 

ATB?(BiBft, «. {A.'S.) A redeemer. 
Aybnbytb, «. {A.'S.) Remorse. 

Thia boe ia daa ICiehelia of Northirate, 
y.write an £ii^ of hi* ojcae band, 
thct hatte mfttOyle of invyt, and ia of 
the bocbouae of Myat AnstimB of 
Canterberi. MS. ArundH, 67, f. 2. 

Atenristvo, 1 #. {A.S.) Resur- 

A^BN&iSTNO, J rectioB. 
Atbnbat, 1 o i^ 


Aybnst, prep. Against 

AYEN8TONDB, 1 To withsUod. 

A5EN8TONDB, / wuua*«utt. 

Ayemwa»de,1 ^ Back. 





SRB, t. (I) Breed. 

MaiiT fawcoans and faire, 
Hawids of nobille ayere. 

Sjfr D^rntMti. 

2) An heir. 

3) Air; breath. 

4) 9. (A.'N.) To ^ out on an 
xpedition, or any business. 

There awes none alyenea 
To d3f«r0 appone nyglittya. 

JUorte Artkun. 

PET, V, To coTet. Rob. Glouc, 
PULL, adj. Awful ; high ; proud. 
SHB, ». {A.'S.) Terror; fear. 

Sum for rret aygke and dout, 
Tu other kinees flowen about. 

Jrtkour and Merlin^ p. 18. 

ORE, adJ, (A.'N.) Sour. 
SREEN, «. The houseleek. 
suLET, 9. An aglet. Spenser. 
[LD, P. To yield. 
L, adv. Always. Skinner. 
LASTANDE, adj. Everlasting. 
LASTANDLY, odv. Everlastingly. 
LS, 9. To possess. 

Hir ayUdt no pryde. 

Sir Perc€tal,.l90. 

LIS, «. pi. Sparks from hot iron. 

KANT, «. {A.'N.) A diamond. 

.MEE. A lamentation; from 

Tying ah m«, or ay me/ 

n hold off, and by my chymick pow'r 

w sonnets from the melting lover's 


leett and elegies. 

Beauwu. ^ FL^ Woman UaUr, 
lero of hie-hoes, admiral of ay-m^it 
nd Monsieur of mutton lac'd. 

Htywood^s Lote's Mittreu. 

MERS, «. pi {A.'S.) Embers. 

'ake chickes and wry hem in ashes all 
yjt, other lay hem m boot aymers. 

Forwu qf Curg . 

!«D, «. Breath ; life. See Ande. 
N, tf. pi Eyes. 

[)H, adv. Awry ; aslant. Shropth. 
^STtprep. Beyond. North, 
-auBRB, oJv. Everywhere. 

Ay-quere naylet fnl nve 

Vor that note ryched. 

SjfT GmwajfMS, p. 34 

Ay RE, (1) a. An heir. 

(2) adj. Ready ; yare. 

lz)prep. Ere; before. 

(4)*. Air. 
Ayrbly, adv. Early. 
Ayrek, a.;?^ Eggs. See Ay. 
Ayry, (1) 9. To make an aerie. 

(2) adj. Joyful ; in good spirits. 

Ayschbttb. pret. i. Asked. 

Mercy mekel"che of hym he aytckette. 
Chron. ViloiuH., p. 25. 

Aysohis, «. pi Ashes. 

Ayse, a. (A.'N.) Ease. 
(2) 9. To make at ease. 
I made it not for to be praysed, 
Bot at the letred mene were ayted. 

WartoiC* Hut. Sngl. FoeL, i, o8 

Ayselle, #. Vinegar. See AiselL 
ArsHWEBO, «. A herb mentioned 

by Minsheu; perhaps the gou^ 

Aythir, a^. Either. 
Ayttene, a^. Eighteen. 
Aywherb, adv. Everywhere. 

^iji,}(l);^. Against, 

(2) adv. Again. 
Abbrole, «. {Fr.) A diminativ< 

kind of medlar tree. 
A'ZVTfpart.p. Set; planted. Dor 

AzocK, t. The mercury of meta 

an alchemical term. 
AzooN, adv> Anon ; presently. Ea 

AzuRB>BYSE, «. A colour. 

^if thon vilt prove ature-byte, whetht 
U be good or bade, take a pensel or 

Sonne, and drawe smalle rewles upc 
Icwe lettres with that ceruse, and ^ 
thi ceruse be no^t clere while bote de\ 
fade, then is the blewe nott fyne. 

MS. SUmtu, 256i. p. 

AzZARD,1«. A puny child; a 
AZZY, j insignificant fello\ 

Azzardly, a4^'. Poor ; ill thrivei 
AzzLE-TOOTH,a. Agriuder. Crat>^ 
AzzLED, adj. Chapped. Leic. 

person's hands are said to I 


d by Google 




^jtXKis, ffrep^ Against. 
3Lki] Bore if he prammnce viUiOQt 
wmhi or fif coalrariouahr «imjim the 
LuRStvflte. ' 

Jfolagffir the loOards, p. 8. 

.iSrinroBD, adv. On the other hand, 
MEM,ai9. Yearly. 

a»*Q{Rtfcer hj-teTe here tnage, that |e 
hm hereCh ejcr. iM. ffbmc, p. IGU. 

A>sT3rv9, ^rtp. Against. 
i^Lzz, A^. Fearieat. 
AH. 1(1) «{^. (^^5.) Noble; 

X! licvdie mmutymt to Eogdood wende, 
^ t^ gtt mwrn io Sngekiad lie let aomony 

^ eeh eiide. Moi. Ohmc^ p. S77. 

for si&er hit is of tvam thiage, 

Xe oni tlat tbridde no mait hriogeO 

' Akar the larerd ia wel ail, 

(jihtT a ewflde an nis naht. 

^-f be ta wBithAil, an oil maa, 

Xt« aBsuzi that viadom can 

Kan ot it wire do htm abame. 

^-r pf ai/ HMii is hire bedde, 

Hi^a B:^ vcae th«t the nualid^ 

?ttae tha list bi hire side. 

Mmie mmd the H^ktingaU, 1. 1407. 

{2}prei.i. Onght. 
:3) tidj. Eight. 
^yi^fTti, L Poaaeated. 

34.(1)«9. (^.-A) Both. 

(^) r. To kisa. CAaaeer, 

f-S) «. A kias. 

(43 s. A ball. 
Baju), (1) 9. To bathe. Craveiu 

i2)fret.t. Continaed. York^h. 

i^)*. A disrepotable woman. 

OsH*. See B0ui (7). 
Baa-uuob, «. A chiidiah tenn for 

• Uaib. 
£^i^L.BiLL8, «. Hillocks on the 

■Mwci, on which fires are said 

to ha^ beea formerly lighted. 

^44!(, t. A bone. North. 
B4AS.CABT, a. The body. Craven. 
^KKTsrt, Am not; are not. Var, 

dial •* 1 itumi agoing." 
8&AB,«. To bear. Mamadevik* 

Baahd, t. A sort of sea-resse!, or 

transport ship. 
Ba-arok, t. A ht, heavy person. 

Baas, adj. {A.^N.) Base; low. 

Wberfor rmpostame off blode and thcr 

oil enfendred ia callrd flifgiuon; em- 
poalume sprnngen off flew me is oiH\d 
hitas, that is to ssy tow. empostumi ; 
of rede, ooleryk. MS, iuk etml. 

Baas damaett, were dancea very 
slow in their moTeroents. 
And then came downe the 1. prince and 
Uie lady Cecill. aud dauncedT two Uuu 
doMMctM and departed np anine, tlm 
L prince to the king and the lady CcciU 
to tbe qneene. Uwl. J/5^ Mo. 68. 

Baastb, (1) v. To sew ; to baste. 
(2) «. Bastardy. Prompt. Parv. 

Baath, adj. Both. North. 

Bab. (1) v. To boh down. North. 
(2) 9. To fish, by throwing into 
the water a bait on a line, with 
a small piece of lead to sink iL 
(3)«. A baby; a child. 

Babbabt» «. A familiar name for 
a hare. ReUq. Jniig., i, 133. 

Babblb, (1) «. Hounds were said 
to babble, ** if too busie after they 
have found good scent." Getit. 
Mec, p. 78. 

(2) 9. To talk boiaterooaly, or 
without meaaure. 

(3) a. An idle story. 
Babblbmbnt, 1 «. Idle discourse ; 

babbling, j much speaking. 
Babby, «. (1) A baby. 

(2) A sheet or small book of 

prints for cltildren. North. 
Babb, «. **X child's maumet." 

Gouldman. See Baby, 
Babklakt, a. A foolish tale. Sir 

T. More. 
Babblatantb, t. A babbler. 

CA«ffcr Plays, ii, 34. 
Babble, v. n. To totter; to waver. 

'* Babeljfn or waveryn : iibrillo." 

Prompt. Parv. 
Babbbxupped, adj. Thick-lipped. 

Pierk PL *• Babyrlyppyd : la- 

broans." Prompt. Parv. 

Digitized by V^OOQ IC 




Babery, 1 ^ Childish finerj-. 


Babbury, #. An architectural or- 
Al was of »tonc of bcrile, 
Both the cattell and tl»e toure, 
And eke the lialle, and every boure, 
"Wilbout peeccB or joyniiiKS, 
But many snbtell conipassiogs; 
As babruriet and pinnacles, 
Imageries and talcnmcles. 

Chaucer, Howe of P., ui, 90. 

A baboon. 



Babish, adj. Childish. 
Bablative, adj. Talkative. 
Bablb, 1. A fool's bauble. 



Mean wbilc. my Mall, tbink tliou it's 

To be my loolc, and I to be tliy babl^. 
Earring. Jijng., u, 96. 

Bables, #. (Fr.) The glass or 
metal ornaments of the person. 
Their ears are long, made longer by 
jjonderous babUs iliey bang there, some 
using links of brassc, of iron, otiu-rs 
liuve glasai'-beads, chains, blew stoni*, 
bullets, or oyster-shells. 

Herbert's Travels, 1638. 

Tlicy suppose them most brave, most 
couftlv. who can teare or dilaci-iule 
their cares widest, which they effect l.y 
many pouderons habUs they hang there 

Baby, ». A child's toy, especially 
a (loll. In the North the word 
is still used to signify a child's 

Oscilla. pro imngunciilis qnic infantibus 

pueridqueadlusum pnebcntur. Puppits 

or babies for children to ])lay wilhaM. ^ 

Homenciator, 1585. 

Babies dot children please, and shadowcs 

f(M)les : 
Shew es have decciv'd the wisest many a 
time. Griffin* s Fidcssa, 1<)96. 

But to raise a dayry 
For otlicr men's adulteries, eonsumc my- 
self in caudUMy 
And scouring work, in nurses, bells, and 

(July for charity. 

rUlifrs. The Chances, 1693. 

Ba5y-clout9, was a name givcu 

to puppets made of rags. Cot- 
grave translates muguet, " a cu- 
riously dressed babie of clowts.* 
BabieS'head». AJcind of toys lo 
children are callfd babies'-head; 
in the Book of Rates, 1675. 
To look babies in the eyes, is 
phrase common among our ol 
poets to characterise the amor 
ous gnzing of lovers upon ear 
other. In addition to many e^ 
amples which have been quotec 
we may add the following : 

She clung about his neck, gave him t( 

Toy'd with his locks, look'd hahies in l 

ryrs. Jletftoood's Loee's MislreM, p. 

Look babies in your eyes, my pretty awe 


There's a fine sport. 

The Loyal Subject, ii. 

We will ga to the dawnes, and slubl 
up a sillibub, and 1 will look babies 
your eyes. 

Philocles and Dorielea, 16J 

CIrv. How like you one anotherv flc 
now 9 

iVrw. Ilnst ne're a baby in thy eyr t 
truordinnry, MaldtiuP or do'st see i. 
iu mine? 

JJovard, Man of Newmarket, IG 

Babyshrd, part. p. Deceiv 
with childish tales. 

Baccarb. An exclamation, si; 
posed to be a corruption of 6a 
there, and found not uni! 
quently in our early dramatist 

Baccatkd, adj, (Lai. baccaitt 
Garnished with pearls. 

BACCHAR.a. The herb ladies' glo 

Bacchbs, «. Bitches; or, perb a 
a mere clerical error for racoA 
The batches ihat hym scholde kno\P4 
Fur sone mosten lieo blowe prts. 

App. to Walter At apes, p ; 

Bacchus-peast, «. A rural fe 

val ; an ale. 
Bacccfrrous, adJ, {Lai,) T 

bears bciries. 
Baccivorous, adJ, (Lai,) T 

eais berries. 
Back, (1) 8. (A.-N.) A kind 





fi h, suppo»ed to be the basse, 

or sea.perch. 

(2) Au iocorrect orthography of 

(3; r. To beat Devon, 

Back cbacmber, «. A room od 
the loiver floor. " Baee chem- 
hyr : Bassaria, vel camera bas&a- 
ria, »ive camera haMa.** Prompt, 

Bachblxr, a. {A,-N.) A young 
man who has not yet arrived at 

B\CHELERYE, t. (J.-N.) (I) The 
condition or grade previous and 
introdnctory to knighthood; and. 
generally, that period in the life 
of a young man liefore he ha^ 
entered on a determinate footing 
in the world. There were iTtiyA/i 
haehelorM, or young knights. 

(2) The qualification of this age, 
courage and strength. 

(3) A party of bachelors. 

D * CHE LOR'S BUTTONS, 1 f. Thc 

fiower. It was an ancient en atom 
amongst country fellows to carry 
the flowers of this plant in their 
pockets, to know whether they 
should succeed with their sweet- 
hearts. Hence arose thc phrase, 
"to wear bachelor's buttons," 
for being unmarried. In some 
parts, still, the flower-heads of 
the common burdock, and the 
wild scabious, are thus named. 
Gerarde mentions two or three 
plants, of which this was the 
trivial name. 
He vevs iaehelort buttons, does lie not ? 
Uesie., fair Maid qf ike WuL 

n^crNB, t. A bason. 

Back, #. (1) A bat. 
(2) In mining, the back of a 
lode is the part of it nearest the 
surface ; and the Itaek of a level 
is that part of thc lode extending 
above it to within a short (lis- 
Uiicc oi the level above. 

(3) A back m»d brtoM'. a cnim«8. 

(4)v. To mount on the b«i(.A. 

••To iHickM. horse." 

(.')) 0. To endorse ; as, to back a 


B CK-ALONO, adv. Backward. 

Back and bdob. Completely, en- 
tirely. In Yorkshire they say, 
*'I can make back nor edge of 
him;" I can make nothing oi him. 

Back A RACK. See Baekrag. 

Backards-way, adv. Backwards. 

Back A 8, a. The back-house, or 
wash. house; sometimes the bakc> 

Back-bahd, tf. That part of the 
harness which, going over the 
back of the horse that draws, 
keeps up the shafts of the cart 
or carriage. 

BACKBARtf. The bar in a chimney 
by which any ve^tsel is siupended 
over the fire. 

Backberand, #. The bearing of 
any stolen g(K)ds, especially deer, 
on the back, or open indisputable 
theft. A law term. 

Back>board, «. More commonly 
called baek-breyd. The baking- 
board, or baker 9'boardt is a thin 
board about 18 or 20 inches wide 
each way, but the corners and 
end held next to the body of the 
baker rounded off a little. It is 
cut cross-wise with shallow kerfs 
of a handsaw, al>out an inch 
asunder, over the face of it in 
form of net-work. When used, 
some dry oatmeal is spread upon 
it, and a small wooden ladle full 
of the oatmeal dough [which by 
lieing elted is previously made 
to alK)ut the consistency of thick 
cream] is poured in a heap upon 
it. The baker then, by a pecu« 
liar kind tif circular motion of 
the board, slightly elevating and 
depressing the sides alieruattly 





iring the working of it, con- 
ives to spread out the dough 
to a broad thin cake, rarely 
ore but often less than one 
ghth of an inch in thickness, 
lie cake is then slid otf the 
xk'breyd upon another thin 
>ard of lesser dimensions with 

short handle on ealied the 
ikinff'tpitile, and by a peculiar 
St of the baker is spread out 
ill thinner upon the hot bake- 
nne, uhere in a few minutes' 
me, being turned over once or 
rice in the interval, it is tlio- 
lughly baked. ServanU used 

be required to know how to 
ike oatmeal, but this custom is 
ipidly becoming obsolete. 
KBRON, •. A large log of wood 
It at the back of the fire. Dorset, 
KBY, adv. Behind ; a little way 
r. North. 

KCARRY, V. To carry on the 
le back. 

R-CAST, «. The failure in an 
fort ; a relapse. North, 
K - c A UTBR, 9. " Couterc dor* 
r/, the bacAe-eautert somewhat 
Ice a knife, or having a back 
ke a knife, and searing onely 
1 the other side." Cotgrave, 
iKEN, V, To retard. 
K-BND, t. The latter end; 
itumn. Yorkih, Sometimes, 
le latter end of the year. 
KENiNO, 9. Relapse; hin- 
rance. Yorksh,^. Further back. W^tt. 
KERD, adv. Backward. Var. 

KERLT, adj. Late, applied to 

KERTs, adv. Backwards. 
KERTBR, "XadJ. More back- 
CKiRMORB, J wards. 
K-FRiEND, «* (1) A secret 

I) A term for an angnail. 

BACK-o'-BEYoifD, adv. Of an ni 

known distance. North. 
Back-out, t. A back-yard. Ken 
Back-piece, «. The piece of a 

mour covering the back. 
Backrao, I «. A kind of win 
bacharach, I made at Bacharai 
BAGRAO, ] in Germauy. 
I'm for no tongues bat dry'd ones, sach 

Give ft fine relish to my haeirag. 

Old Fl., ix, 21 

Backset, «. " To make a baekst 
to make a stand to receive 
chased deer, and to cast fre 
hounds upon him at the latt 
end of the course." Holme. 

Backsbvorb, adv. The hind pi 
before. Devon. 

Backside, «. The hind part 
anything, generally. But tl 
word was used in several p 
ticular senses, of which the f 
lowing are chiefly to be notice 

(1) The yard behind a house. 

Kicholas Wiird, nnfortoniitelT smn 
to deaili, in sinking for ft dmw wd 
his fathen haeknde, 10 feb. 1716. 
Tarisk Register, Hartlepool (Ckron, Mir 

No innkeeper, alehouse keeper, vict 
ler, or lippler, BhiUl admit or suffer 
person or persons in his hoase cir in 
tide lo eftt, dnnk, or plav at cnrds. 
GrinddCe Kemains, p. 

(2) The back part of the ho 

OnHy hcare mcc: I have a cert 
parlour in the baekeide, in tlie furt 
most pari of my house, iu tliithrr 
ft bed carried and covered with clot 
Teraue in Buglith, 1 

The backfide of the kitchen. 

Durfey, Fond Uusbnnd, 1 

(3) A farm -yard. Hampuh. 

(4) A man's posteriors. In 
following passage it is appUe< 
the ant, because the latter, a 
a fable, is spoken of as a hut 

A poor ant carries a grain of c 
cliniliing up a whU with her head dt 
wards, and her backside upwartla. 

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(5) The side of a letter on which 
I he address was written. 

Ciwe, vnp it (the letter) up bcw, 
Thilst I 1:0 fetch vu uid a eniMlle; 
and vTite on the taekndt, *'for Mr. 

WfdMtf, Caamirf Wife, 1688. 

BACKSTArF, «. An instrument 
o^ed for taking the snn*s atti- 
tude at sea; so named l)ecause 
the back of the observer was 
turned towards the sun when 
using it. 
Backstand, a. Resistanoer 
Backster, a. A baker. North, 
Backbtebs, a. Wide flat pieces 
of lioard strapped on the feet, to 
walk o^er loose beach on the sea 
coast. Stmth. 
Back-stock, a. A log of wood. 
Backstonb, a. An iron for baking 
cakes, generally hung over the 
fire. A person is said to go 
■*]ike a cat upon a hot back- 
stone," when treading can- 
tiously and with apparent fear 
and uneasiness. 
Backstrikino, a. A mode of 
ploo^ing, in which the earth, 
after being turned, is turned 
back again. Suffolk. 
Backsundbd, adj. Shady. Dorwet. 
Back>8wankbd, a4f. Lean in the 

flank, applied to a horse. 
Backsword, a. The game of 

single-stick. WiUm, 
Backward, V. To keep back ; to 

Backward, a. (1) The state of 
things past. Shaketp, 
(2) A Jakes. 
D ackword, a. An answer to put 

off an engagement. North. 

Back-worm, a. A disease in 

hawks ; also called the filander. 

Backwobt, #. The name of a 

herb, apparently the same as the 

BACKMroujrv, r. To wound sc- 
crei/r, or fmni behind- 

Bacon, a. A clown. ShakMtp. 
Bacon-bbb, «. A small insect of 
the beetle kind, which blows 
bacon. Ltiettt. 
Bactilb. {Lat.) A candlestick. 
Baculombtbt. a. (Lat,) The art of 
measuring altitudes or distances 
by means of a staff. 
BACim, part, p. Baked. 
Bactn, a. A light kind of helmet 
More correctly, ^osyn. 
9oine he hytte on the h^eyny 
Thai he deff hym to the ehrn. 


Bad. (l)ttf>. Side; iU. 

(2) adj. Poor. Var, dial 

(3) Offered; inrited. 

(i) pret, t, of bidde. Asked; 

(5) 9. To shell walnuU. W^$t 

(6) a. A rural game, played with 
a bad'ttiek, formerly used in 

(7) 9. A bsd person or thing. 

Thnt of tvo hadds for betters rhojrte he 
bncke Ngnyne di<i goe. 

Warner's Albion's England, 1502. 

Baddblichb, adv. Badly. Rob, 

Baddbr, Af;. Camp, o( bad. Worse. 


(2) pref, t. of bide. Abode; 


(Z) pret. t. of bidde. Prayed. 

(4) Commanded Chaucer, 

(5) a. (A.'S.) A pledge ; a surety. 

(6) V. To bathe, ff 'arw. 
Badbltkoe, a. A flock or com- 
pany of ducks. 

Badob, v. To cot and tie up beans 
in shocks or shesTes. Leicett. 

Badgbr, (1) a. A pedlar ; a corn- 
factor ; a person who buys eggs, 
butter, ftc, at the farm-hou«es, 
to sell again at market. 

(2) tr. To beat down in a bar- 

(3) 9. To tease ; to annoy. 

d by boogie 




Badger-the-bear. ». A game, in 
which the boy who personate* 
the bear places himself upon his 
hands and knees, and another 
boy, as his keeper, defends hitn 
from the attacksi of the oihers. 

Badget, « (1; A badger. East. 
(2) A cart-iiorse. 

Badling, 8. A worthless person. 

Badly, a^'. Ill; sickly. 

Bads, «. The husks of walnuts. 

Babl, «. (^.-5.) Sorrow; bale. 

Baei.ys, a. Rods. Tufidale. 

Baffb, v. To yell as hounds. 
Saffen at houndcs : BhuIo, buffo, Intro. 
Bdfyn lu houDdes alter iheir pray: 

Baffinge or hawlingc of hntmdea : Bau- 
latus, vel baftaiUB. Prompt. Pan. 

Baffers, 8. Barkers ; yellers. 
Baffet, v. To baffle. 
Baffle, \v. {Fr.) To treat with 
bafful, J indignity ; to expose. 
Properly speaking, to baffle or 
baj^ul a person was to reverse a 
picture of him in an ignominious 

Bafulliny ii a ^atdisjrrace among the 
Scots, and it ia iu«d w]ieu a man is 
o|)f«ly peijurcd, and then tliey make 
an ininge of htm painted, reversed, \\\i\\ 
hia heels upwards, wiili his nimn;, 
Wiwndering. crying, and blowing out of 
him witli horns. Uolituhed. 

And aaer all, for ^eater infamie, 
lie by the hcela him hung ui)on a tree. 
And baffttVd so, that all » hich passed l>y 
The picture of his punishment misjlit set-. 
Spmttr, F. Q., B. VI, vii, -27. 
I amdisgrac'd, impeach'd, nnd '.njffrdhvve, 
Picrc'd to the soul witli slimdcr's vfiioiu'd 
spear. AT. Richard JJ, i, 1. 

(2) ». To cheat, or make a fool 
of; to manage capriciously or 
wantonly; to twist irregularly 
together. East, 

(3) In Suffolk they term ba^d, 
corn which is knocked down by 
the wind. 

{i\ V. To twist or entangle. 

Baffling, s. Opprohriwm ; affront- 
Baft, adv. Abaft. Chaacer. 
Baftys, adv, {A-.S.) Afterwards. 

Cov, Myst. 
Bag, (1) «. The udder of a co^v. 

Var, dial. 

(2) 9. To cut peas with an in- 
strument like the C(Hnmoa reap- 
ing-hook, fregt. 

(3) 17. To cut wheat stublile. 
generally with an old scythe. 

(4) 8. The stomach. Hence eat- 
ing is called familiarly bagging. 
(5)t>. To move; to shake; to. 05. 

(6) r. To breed, to become preg- 

Well, Vcnns shortly &(V7i7Af. and ere Vu-z 
was Cupid bred. Aib. £mjl., vi, p. 1 »?, 

(7) 8. In some dialects, turf. 
The upper sod cut into squares 
and dried for fuel. 

(8) «. A name for the long-tailed 
titmouse. Northampt. 

(9) Among the popular pliras*>s 
in which this word enters, are to 
get the bag, or be dismissed ; to 
give the bag, or leave. The lat- 
ter phrase is also used in the 
sense of, to deceive. 

You shall have those curses which be- 
longs unto your craft; you shnll \» 
ligiit-footed to tmvcl farre, light niite I 
up<m everv small occiision to (jiv^ ynnr 
masters tM bag. GremU Quip, Jc. 

Bag and bottle^ a schoolboy's 

An ill conirivin? rascal, that in hH 
younger yenrs should ctioose to lug /A- 
big totd 'the bottU a mile or two u 
sclKMtl \ and to bring home only a sni:iil 
bitol Greek or liJinii m«>Bi niii^istc^n;!]!/ 
construed. Eachard^s Oh*'rr„iv>u-. 
8vo, 1G71. p. dl. 

Bag and baggage, everything a 

person possesses. 
And counsel'd you forthwith to park 
To Gnecia, bag and baggage, l>»ick. 

Monter A4a-Mod€, p. 73. 

Bag-of'tnoonshine, an ilIii<o.y de- 
ception ; a iuulish tale. 


BAG 151 

Bagatikk, *. An Italian coin, 
worth abont the third of a far- 

Bagaitel, #. (^.-5. /) A tribute 
granted to the citizens of Exeter 
bj a charter from Edward the 
First, empowering them to levy 
a duty upon all wares brought to 
that city for the purpose of sale, 
the produce of which was to be 
employed in paving the streets, 
repairing the walls, and the ge- 
nerzl maintenance of the town. 
Jaeoit* Law Dictionary. 

Back, 1 #. A badge. Prompt . 
MAGGKjj Parv. 

Bageard, #. A badger. 

Bagellb,*. {A.-N.) Rings ; jewels. 

Baget, #. A sort of tulip. 

Bag-fox, a. A foi that has been 
unearthed, and kept a time for 
sp(Mt. Blame, 

Baggaboxb, «. A vagabond. 

Baggage, «. (perhaps from* 
SfoMte.) A worthless or pert 

Baggaged, \pQrt. p. Bewitched ; 
btcagmd, j mad. Ermoor. 

Baggagely. adj. Worthless. Tuas, 

Bagge, v. To swell with arrogance. 
CAaueer. Tyrwhitt conjectures 
that il means to squint. 

Bagcermbnt, a. A corn-field full 
of weeds and rubbish is said to 
be fall of bofffffrmeni. It may be 
qoeationed whether this is genu- 
ine Uocolnshire, and it has been 
suspected that it has been intro- 
duced by tome sailors ; the only 
word hke it being Bogamante, 
a eommoo lobster, and such a 
word it ia possible may have 
Ijeea cormpted and used meta- 
pfaoriraiJy for rubbish, or that 
^hlch is good for nothing. 


Bacoij, /. The belly. NortAumb. 
-ff^Gcw, #. Food, Cumb, Baggin* 
fime, or baggmgMme^ baiting. 
^isat, lane* 

H/re ample rows of tcnti are strrt* \' ». 

The gurM green ctimm«.ii ln;;i:"«l \>u \ 
And biujqtn reddv rurk'd w f« irlid 

i'nie Pe«htb, Carlt*. hii Wi^iou. 

Statft/t Cmmderland T<tfo<t. 

Bagging, #. (1) The act of cut- 
ting up the haum or whrat ftiu'». 
ble for the purpose of thatching 
or burning. Oxfordth, 
(2) Becoming pregnant. 
Bagging-bill, "la. A cun-e*! 
BAGGING-HOOK, J imninstrun:ei:t 
for agricultural purposes. 
Baggingly, adv, Squinlinglr. 
Bao.harvbst, a. A harvest in 
which the men provide their own 
victuals, which is commonly car- 
ried by them in bags for their 
daily support. Norf, 
Baghel, «. Jewellery. See f?a- 

In tonn herd I ttl!f . 
The 6i7,/AW Hnd il.r b.-lle 
Bcu tilcij.d uimI 

J*oliliial :s<mgt, p. 3^'T. 

Baginkt, a. A bayonet. 

Baglb, a. An impudent and dis- 
reputable woman. Shaketp, 

Bagpipbs, 8, A popular name for 
a fiaii. Northampt, 

Bag-podding, a. A rustic dish, of 
which we have no very clear 
description, but it was probal>Iy 
like our roUy^poUy puddings. 

A big hag-fuiding Wwix I must conuiund. 

For Tie is full, and holds out to the end ; 

SildoQie with men is found so soun«l a 
friend. Davie* , Scourge of lolly. 1 Gl 1 . 
True love ia not hke to a ba<i-fnnliii, , -, 
a hag -pudding hath tvio enJi, but iruf 
love hath neVcr an end. 

Fow Robin, 1767. 

Bagwalbtoub, a. A carrier of 

Baoy, a. A badge. Bemerg, 

B AH N, part, 8. Goi n g. Yorkah. 

Baibbey, #. A bay-berry. Mr. 
Dyce suspects an error here for 
bribery. But see Bayberry. 
I wept and sighed, and tbunuH d and 
thumped, and raved and rnmldl antl 
railed, and told him how mv v \c w ..i 
now grown as common «h Luh-m. 

AorHiKu.J lL«, 1G07. 

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Baich, «. A slip of land. 

A btdeh or langnct of Innd. 

22ay'« 2Va*W«, p. 280. 

Baics, «. Chidings ; reproofs. 

If iRzar 10 loathsome in cheese he espied. 
Let baia amend Cisly. or shift her aside. 
Tu*ser'» HHsbatidry. 

Baignb, V, (Pr.) To dip in liquid; 
to drench ; to soak. 

Bail, (1) *. (^.-5.) A beacon; a 
l)onfire. North, 

(2) The handle of a pail, or the 
bow of a scythe. St{f, 

Bails, «. A wooden canopy, formed 
of bows. 

Bailes, 9. pi {A,-S,) Blazes; 
flames. Staffordth, 

Bailey, t. {A.-N.) Each of the 
enclosures round the keep of a 
castle, so named because its de- 
fence was intrusted, or baill£, to 
a portion of the garrison, inde- 
pendent of the others. 

Four toures aj hit has, and kernels fiur. 
Tlire baillUet al aboute, that maj nojt 

Xouiher hert may wele thinke ne tnne mny 

wel telle * ' 

Al the hount6 and the beirt6 of this ilk 

Seven barbicans are aette so sekirly aboate, 
Tliat no maner of shotinir niny greve fro 

nithoute. The CtutU ofLcuH. 

Bailiwick, «. Stewardship. 

Baillik, #. (i^.-iV.) Custody; go- 

Bails, «. Hoops to bear up the 
tilt of a boat. 

Daily, #. {A.^N.) A bailiff; a 
steward ; a sheriff's ofBcer. 

An honeste hushande man, that 
cliannsed to fynde the sarde bodget. 
brought It to the haily of Ware, ac- 
cordynge to the crye, and required his 
XX. li. for his labour, as it was pro* 
elaymed. Tola and QMtcke Jnnoert, 

Baiv, adj. (1) Near; ready, easy. 

(2) Pliant, limber. JSatt. 

(3) Obedient, willing. 

Water thai asked swi'tbe, 
Clotli nnd lionl whs drain : 

With mete and drink litlie, 
And serjauncc that were hayn. 

To een-e Tristrem swithe. 
And sir Bobaut ful fayn. 

Sir Trutrem, i, Gi 

I saw this wild beste wns ful bayn 
For my luf himselfe hare slnyne. 

rmdne and Gavin, 1. S09 

Baink, (1) #. (Fr,) A bath. 

As the noble emperour Augustus on 
time cam in to a bewne, he behelde n 
olde man that hadde done good aervii 
in the warres, frotte himselfe agaynsi 
a marble pyiler for lacke of one i 
helpe to wasshe him. 

TaUttmd Quiche Atumet 

Balneator, Cic. ^aY^vcw. Maistre d« 
bnins ou eatuvea. The maiater of ti 
hnnt*t staves, or hothouse. 

NoKunelular, 1E8 

(2) V, To bathe. 

To iain0 themselves in mv distilling b'oo 
F.Lodge, ITouHds (^ Ciwil n'a 

Bainrd, adj. (A.-S.) Fated. Use 
in Somersetshire by farmers whe 
the sheep are affected with IiT< 
complaints, from which th( 
hardly ever recover. 
Bainer. Nearer. North. 
Baines, «. pL Bans, particular 
applied to the announcement < 
introduction to a play ormyster 
as in the Chester Plays. "1 
the players of Grimsby wh( 
they spake thair Itayn of tha 
play." Lineobish. Records. 
Baingb, 9. To bask in the sui 

to sweat as in a bath. Gloue. 
BAiRB,a<(/. Fit ; convenient. Du 
Bairn, *. {A.-S.) A child. Nort 
Bairnelie, adj. Childish. Nort 
Bairn -TEAM, *. {A.-S,) A progei 

of children. 
Bairnwort,«. The daisy. Ytn-H 
BAi8B&fAiNs,«. (Fr.) Salutation 

compliments. Spenter. 
Baisee, a^. (A.'S.) Sour. 

Bath hew doune and caste in the lit 
l-or the froite ot itt is soure, 
And baiske and bittere of odoure. 
MS. CoU., tantt., B. \X t.\2Z\ 

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Baist, 9. To beat Kcrtk. See 

Bacstb, A|f. Abashed. 

Bees Dorhte Anr^ of jone hajta, 
Ke ot Unin brT^Jite vedis. 

Jforte AHkmn. 

Bait, (^..5.) (1) «. A luncheon. 

(2) 9. To refnsh; to stop to 

(3) «. Food; ptstare. North, 

(4) p. To flutter. A hawking 

(5) V. To teaze,or worry. 
BAiTAND,;Mir/. In great baste. 
UAiTBL,r. To thrash. North, 
Baith, ffi^'. Both. North, 
Batt-pokx, #. A bag for proTi- 

iions. North, 

BAJAanoDR, a. (j4.'N.) A carter ; 
the hesTtr of any weight or bur- 
den. Kertey. 

Bak. f. A bat. See Back. 

Baked, part, p. Incmsted. For. 

Bak'd-mbat, a. A meat pie, or 
perhaps any other pie ; pastry. 

B A XBN, part, p. Baked. 

BAKKaLBGGCD, odj, A pcrsoH 
whose legs bend outwards. 

Bakbe-knee'd, adj. One whose 
knees knock together in walking, 
ss if kneading dough. Baker- 
feet, twisted feet. 

BAKsa's-DozEN, «. Thirteen. A 
haker^t dozen, was formerly called 
the deviPt dozen, and it was the 
number who sat down at a table 
in the pretended sabbaths of the 
witches. Hence arose the idea 
of ilUluck which is still popularly 
connected with it. 

Nais, Hinthe, Metra, Phrine. Uesnlina, 
Aurotonion, Letisa. AflVanea, Laurentja, 
<J*fhens, Chione, and lasrivioaa LicBSte, 
Miike a hakei^i daten with ABtinaaac 

Dana, Samrgt o/IoUg, 1611. 

Tlie refvse of that eham Ot the earth, 
Ah\e to give the world a scfotid birth, 
AfTnrk, amitntl Thy thfliuir moosiers 

Btti theeps-ejed to this penal ignorance. 

TImt all the prodi|ri«v bnmgtit forth tiermv 
Are bui tUme ^'ttliu«*8 biuali Irfi on ii«« 

Tliia »trinn theialvr'fiocni^cbrivtnisiill 
Tiie croaa-lef'd bonn of ume aincr Atiaai'a 

<all. Rmmft A«mf,s. 

Bakbstee, a. A feroala baker. 

Bakhalfb, a. The hinder part. 
Baehoise,*. a bakehouse. North, 
Baein, 8. The quantity of bread 

baked at one time. YtnrJkth. 
Baeino-deaugbt, «. Part of the 

hinder quarter of ao ox. 
Bakes, a. A cheek. 

Tlian brayde he bmyn wod. 
And alle kii bakkft rente. 
His twrde and his bnit fax 
Yot bale he totwitt. 

iruium /- Us Werw., p. 76. 

Baxpaner, a. A kind of basket ; 
apparently a pannier carried on 
the back. 

Other hnliyUeroentes of werre-. Firtt 
xii. c pavrjscs: re. tjn paiinrs nnd 
XXV. other tyre punnes . . . . Item vr. 
brnkpanen al garnislird, ec. kiiternes. 
CoxIom'm Vtfttins^ lig. 1 ? , b. 

Baestalb, adv. Backwards. 

Prompt, P. 
Bal. (l)». (^.-5.) Aflame. 
The following lines occur in an 
early poem which contains a 
description of the fifteen signs 
that are to precede the destruc- 
tion of the earth, and the day of 
Than nl the raynbow deernd. 
In hew of i^all it mI be kend ; 
And wit the « indes it lal mel, 
Dril thaim doun into the hell, 
And dnnl the develes theder in 
In tliair M al lor to brin ; 
And lal aim bidd to bald thaim thar, 
Abon erthr to com no mar. 
The term is eumen bar ye sal, 
Tlie incom to be in your bat. 
Than sal tai bijrin to cri and calle, 
Larerd fader ! G<id of nlle ! 

Cunor Mundi .- MS. £dini., f. 7 ?• 

(2) a. A mine. Weet. 
Balaam. This is the cant term in 
a newspaper ofllce for asinine 
paragraphs about monstrous pro. 
ductious of nature and the like. 

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kppt standing in type to be used 
whenever the news of the day 
leave an awkward space that must 
be filled up somehow. S^e Lock- 
hart's Life qf Scott, vi, 294. 

Balade-royal, 8, A poem writ- 
ten in stanzas of eight lities. 

Balance, (1) ». Balances. Skakesp. 
(2) Doubt; uncertainty. *'To 
lay in balance," to wager. CAoucct. 
In old French we have, eMtre en 
balance^ to doubt. 

Balancers, t. Makers of ba- 

Bala SB, v. To balance. Buret. 
" Balasien, saburro." 

Balastre, v. a cross-bow. 

Balatb, v. (Lat.) To bleat ; to 
bellow. Salop. 

Balayn, 8, Whalebone ? 

Alft vr cnme, wliyt as the snow, 
Fvftty tliousand'on a rowe, 
Tlicr aiiiotig WHS scr Sidudyn, 
And liis iievewe Myrayn-Momelyn. 
Her biiner wliyt, witlibuti-n lablc?, 
Willi thre Siirezyaes licUes off sable, 
Tliitt wer schnnen nolde and lar^d, 
Of balajfn, both BCheeld and tei'i^c. 

Richard, 1. 2982. 

Balays, 8. {A.'N.) A kind of ruby. 
Balbucinate, v. {Lat.) To statu- 

Baloh, (1) v. To sink flower-pots 

in the mould in a garden, level 

with the surface. 

(2) «. Stout cord, used for the 

head lines of fishing-netss. Cornw. 
Balche, v. To belch. Huloet. 
Balchers,^. Very young salmons. 
Balching, 8. An unfledged bird. 

Var. dial. Frequently used with 

the prefix blind. Warw. 
Balcoon, \8. {Fr, balcon.) A 
balcgne, j balcony. Howell. 

Tliis preparation begot expectation, and 
that lilled ail the windows, bakoncs, and 
streets of Paris as tliey passed with a 
multitude of spectators, six trum- 
peters, and two miirshals. 

WtUou's Jamet 1, 1653. 

Bald, adj. (1) Bold, 


Gentile Jnliaii of Do}.ca9t«r 
Did a lui batdf defie. 

MinoCa Poems, 

(2) adj. Eager ; swift. 

(3) 9. To make bald. 
Baldar-hbrbb, 8. The amarau- 

thus. Huloet. 

Baldchick, 8. A callow un- 
fledged bird. Leic. Synonyuiuus 
with Balchin, which see. 

Baldcoot, 8. The water-heu. 

Baldb, v. {A.-S.) To encourage. 

BaLOBLICHB, 1 , n 1 11 

Baldbmoyne, 8. Gentian. Prompt. 

Balder, 9. To speak coarselv. 


B.vldbrdash,(1) f. Hodge-podge; 
a mixture of rubbish; fiiih; fiiihy 
language; bad liquor. Ic i» 
found in the latter sense in the 
early dramatists. 

(2) V. To mix or adulterate 

Baldfacbd, a4r* White-faced. 

Bald-kite, «. A buzzard. 

Baldock, 8. A kind of tool. 

Baldorb, adj. Bolder. Rob. Glouc. - 

Baldrib, f. A portion cut lower 
down than the spare-rib, and 
devoid of fat. 

Balduick, "I *. {A.-N.) A belt, 
bauldrick, I girdle, or sash ; 
baudbrik, rsometimes a swoni- 
baudrike, J belt. In sonic in- 
stances it seems to have bee:i 
merely a collar round the neck, 
but it was more usually pas^e^l 
round one side of the neck, and 
under the opposite arm. 
(2) Some subsiiliary part of a 
church bell, perhaps resembling a 
belt, though it is not certain w hat 
it was. It is often mentioned in 
old churchwarden's accounts un- 
der such forms as bawdryk, bato- 
dryckt beaodrick, bawdrikket baU 

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drtge. bowdrey^ batcuryff. Eai'fy 
(Diet.) says it meant a belt, strap, 
thong, or cord, fastened tty a 
biickie, with which the clapper of 
a bell is suspended. The buckle 
is mentioned in some accounts. 
In the vestry-books of St. Peter's, 
Ruthin, Denbighshire, there are 
entries in 1083, and many sub. 
sequent years, in the church, 
warden's account, of wooden bal- 
drocks, from time to time sup- 
plied new to the parish. 
Alio hyt y» agreed the same tymi!. tJic 
ekr¥e hare all tbe rnanta]^ of the 4 
beUea, and he to frnde fxith bMtdryckes 
and ropes for the 4 seyd brlles. 
Slrutes Hitrda Jngil-Cynnan., iii, 172. 

(3) A kind of cake, made pro- 
bably in the shape of a belt. 
Balductum, ». A terra, apparently 
borieaqne, applied by writers of 
the 16th cent, to affected ex- 
pressions in writing. 
Balowein, m. The plant gentian. 
Balk, (1) i. (^.-& beaL) Mis- 
chief; sorrow. 
THervbtle.sire, that I tnlde this tnle, 
Thi 9onc mucht« tholie dethes baU; 
Thanne vere mi tide forlore I 
Ac, of-acnde thi lone thertore, 
Aiid Tif iun remit ni his bale. 

5«y»&y«,r«**r, 1.701. 
Let now your bliat be tamed into bale. 
Spens., Dapkknda, 320. 

(2) «. Destmction. 

(3) t. {A.'S. baiefv.y Evil. 

Mt (^wutiser with preme pird [liem] unto. 
Aii;1 ilo^he ail uar siteayoa aiid our sud 

Brittojied to baU dethe and there hlode 

ihed. Destruction of Troy, f. 36 v®. MS. 

(4) (^.-5. baliff.) The belly. 
Pronounced bai^. In a curious 
description of cutting up the deer 
after a chase, are the foUowuig 

Sythen rytte thay the fove lymmes. 
And nnt of the hyde ; 
Then brck thay the buU, 
The balet oat token. 

Gawt^n /• tke Or. Kn., 1. 4507. 

(5) 9. {J.'S,) The scrotum. 

(6) «. Basil wood. Skinny. 

(7) Ten reams of pa per. Kennett, 

(8) «. A bale qf diet. A pair of 

For exerciir of armv. a btile of dire. 

Or two or tliree pack« of canu to shew the 

And itimbleneas of hand. 

B. Jon., Nnt Im, i. 3. 

h. pox upon \\\r%f ilir.', «^'ivp'» h fo *\\ l,i''. 
Gt fern's III '^i-MfUf. U. Fl„ *ii, io. 

(9) v.(Fr. bailier.) To enipiy 
water out with buckets or oiucr 
small vessels. 

(10) >. The bowed handle of a 
bucket or kettle. 

(11) A bar or rail to separate 
horses in a stable. 

Baleful, a///. Evil ; baneful. 
Balb-hills, *. Hillock'* iip<«n the 

moors upon wliirli ba\e lornicriy 

been tbo*e fires called bale-Jires. 

See BaalMlU. 
Balbis, ». (.-i.'N.) A large rod. 
Balbise, v. To beat with a rod ; to 

scourge. Pien PL Still in use in 

Balena, «. {LaL) A whale. 

llie hufre leviathan it but a Hhrimpe 
Compur'd with nur balena on tlir lund. 
Tragedy oj Ihffman, KKil. 

Balbw, *. (A.'S. balew.) Evil. 
Baleyne. #. (Fr.) Whalebone. 

Bale), «. Bowels. 
Balhew, adj. Plain; smooth. 

Prompt. P. 
Baliagb, 8. The office of a bailiff. 
Balin, «. The name of a plant. 

Nor wonder if such force in hcarbs re- 

What cannot jnifp of dcvine limplet bm'!»<'? 
The dragon finding hta young serpent 

Having thlierbe balin in his wounds 

Restores his life and makes him whole 

Who uught the heart how dettany is used 

Wlio being pierced through the bouts 
and niarrow. 

Can with Uuit liearbc expfll th'offcnaivu 
arrow. Great iSrilainee Troy^, 1GC9 

d by Google 




Balist, t. (A.'N.) An engine for 
projecting stones in besieging a 

Ba-listab, t. A crossbow-man. 

Balk, «. (J..S. bale.) (1) A ridge 
of greensward left )»y the plough 
in ploughing. " A baUte or banke 
of earth raysed or standing up 
betweene twoo furrowes." Ba^ 
ret* a Alvearie. 

(2) A beam in a cottage. A 
pair of couples or strong supports 
is placed between each pair of 
gables, and the balk is the strong 
beam, running horizontally, that 
unites those below. The balk 
was used to hang various articles 
on, such as flitches of bacon, &c. 
Balk ende wliych appvareth under the 
eaves of a house, procer. Huloet. 

(3) 9. To heap up in a ridge or 

(4) '*Balk the way,'* get out of 
the way. 

(5) 8. A contrivance in the 
dairy districts of Suffolk, into 
which the cow's head is put while 
she is milked, is called a balk or 

(6) Balktt straight young trees 
after ihey are felled. Var, dial 

(7) *• To be thrown ourf *att," 
to be published in the church. 
•* To hing ourt* balk" marriage 
deferred after publication. Yorksh. 

(8) A division of lands in an open 

(9) To balk a hare, to pass one 
on her form or seat without 
seeing her. Norf, 

fieam'd and jadidoni Lord, if I should 

Thyne lionor'd name, It being in my wny, 
Mv nittse uiivorlhy were of such a wnlkc, 
AVliere honor's branches make it ever Mnv. 
Jkmuy Semtrge of Folly, 16ll. 

Balke. (I) 'To leave a balk in 

But lo vel halte no man the plogli. 
That he ne halkelkoXhcrwiit, 

Oowcr, MS. Soc, Antii. I 

(2) {A.-S,) To belch. 

Baikyng, sum is smnki and hoot, an 
sum is sour; the firste comrth of lu-nt 
and of bote humours that ben iu th 
stomnk, the serounde is of roold In 
moiuv eithernf fcble heate ofthe stomn] 
Medieul MS. of the 1 htk eeu 

(3) To be angry. Reyn, the Foxi 
Balker, «. (1) A little piece c 

wood by which the mowcr.-«smoot 
the edges of their scythes aftc 
the whetstone has been used. ] 
is commonly fastened to the en 
of the sncyde by a pin. Devon, 
(2) A great beam. East, 

Balkers, 9, Persons who stand o 
elevations near the sea-coast, i 
the season of herring fishing, 1 
make signs to the fishermc 
which way the shoals pas 

Balking, «. A ridge of earti 

Balk-plouohino, a, A mode < 
ploughing, in which ridgea ai 
left at intervals. Eatt, 

Balks, f. The hay-loft. Chet, 
Sometimes, the hen-roost. 

Balk-staff, «. A quarter-staff. 

Ball, (I) adj. Bald. Somerset. 

(2) «. The pupil of the ey 
**Ball, or apple of the eye 
Huloet, 1552. 

(3) », Cry ; lamentation. 

Sou after, wen he iras halle. 
Then befran to sink hrr MU. 
Gnjf qf Warwick, 'MiddUhiU 31 

(4) «. The palm of the ban 

(5) 9. The round part at the Iki 
torn of a horse's foot. See Fiori 
in V. Cdllo. 

(6) «. The body of a tree. Lan 

(7) V, To cohere, as snow to t] 
feet. Norlhampt, 

(8) r. To beat a person with 
stout stick, or with the ban 


Ballack, v. (supposed to he fro 
A,'S. behkntaa, to load a sbip 
To stuff. 

d by Google 




Witli flooe sailed Unak, haUa^d with itnv 

Left fur Uic Mvn of his nrarwion. 

Ballad, o. To sing or compote 

Ball A dkb, «. A maker of bdlsds. 
Ballaoin, t. (fr.) A kind of 

Balladky, «. The subject or style 

of bailtds. 
Ballancs, #. (J,'N.) This word 

wu formeriy regarded as a 


A pair of hallance. 

BarckUg't Smtmmm Jdmm, p. 431 . 

Are there imUmce here, to weigh 

the lleahf M. of * eniee, ir, 1. 

Ballakt, «. A ballad. North. 
Ballard, #. A castrated ram. 

Ballast, #. A name for the hare. 

UeHq. Aniig.t i, 133. 
Ballast, «. A rubj. SeeBofayi. 
Ballat, «. A ballad. Abrf A 
Ballatron, 9. {Lot. baUairo.) A 

nscal ; a thief. Muuheu. 
Ballatboi70H,#. Afoolish prating 

fellow. Dev. 
Ballatky, «. (/fa/-) A song, or 

jig. MiUon. 
Ballb, (1) «. The head. Chaucer. 

(2) V. To howl. •• I balle as a 

curre dogge dothe, Jt hurled 

Balled, ndf. Bald. 
Ballbonssss, #. Baldness. 
Ballkngek, i «.( A.'N.) A small 
BALLiNOEB, f Sailing Teasel used 

in ancient tiroes. 
Ballbrao, 1«. To banter; to 
BULLiRAO,/ abuse; to scold. Var. 

Ballbssb,*. Ballast. HiUoet, 

BaUcue or bftsce for thippcs, uAmm, 

Balliards, a. The game of bil- 

B A LL-iioNBT,a. '* Money demanded 
of a marriage company, and given 

to prevent their lieing maltreated. 
In the North it is customary for 
a party to attend at the church 
gates, after a wedding, to enforce 
this claim. The gift has re- 
ceived this denomination, as 
beinx originally designed for the 
purcnaseofa foot-ball.*' Brocket/, 
SaU'Wtomjf. firtn by a new bride to hrr 
old pUyfeUovt. LaJia' Dietiomaiy. 16M 

Ballock-orass,*. The herb dogs'- 
stones. Gerarde, 

Ballocks,*! f. (A.'N,) Testicnli. 
BALLOKs, >The word occurs fre- 
balloxs, J quently in early me<li- 
cal receipts. Sometimes called 
haOok-etonet, '* Hie testiculu*, a 
hahk efon. Hie piga, a balok 
kodr yominale, MS., 15M cent. 
1 1 appears from Palsgrave's Aco- 
lastus, 1540, that baUocte-otoiug 
was a term of endearment. 
AIm take an erbe that tsrowitti in wodes, 
and is lidc an nettle, and it » tlia 
kttsdM of s cnbite ether ther alMiute, 
and hath as it were MIok tloontt 
sboote the rnote. 

Meii«al MS. oftU ISa cent. 

Balloc b&otb, If. A kind of 
balok-brotub, J broth described 
in the following receipt : 

BaUiK »fu»M.— Take eelyt. aad hilde 
hem, and kerre hem to pecya, and do 
hem to aeeth in wster and wyne, aotbat 
it be a litcl over^tcpid. vo thereto 
■awge andoothir erbis, with ft w canons 
y>niynced. Whan the eelis bath iodrn 
ynow), do hem in a reaael; tnke a 
pyke, and kerve it to ftuliettes, and 
•eeth hym in Uie lame broth \ do thereto 
powdor irynger, galynjcale, canel, and 
pcper ; tall it. and cast the eelys there- 
to, and mease it forth. 

Ballok-knyf, a. A knife hnng 
from the girdle. Piere PL 

Balloon, It. (/V.) A large in- 
baloon, J flated ball of strong 
leather, used in a game of the 
same name, introduced from 
France, and thus described in a 
book entitled Comntry Contentt: 
** A strong and moveing spori m 





e oppn fields, with agreat linll 
doulile leather filled with wind, 
d driven to and fro wiih Ihe 
rength of a man's arm, armed 
th a hraccr of wood." 
hile others have brrn at the balloon, 
ittve been at my b«K)l;8. 

Ben Jon., For, ii, 2. 

insheu, under Bracer, speaks 
a wooden bracer worn on the 
m by baloon players^ ** which 
)hlemen and princes use to 
ay." In the play of Eastward 
o'e, Sir Petronel Flash says, 
We had a match at baloon too 
ith my Lord Whackum, for 
lur crowns;" and adds, "0 
;reet ladv, 'tis a strong play with 
learm." O. P/., iv, 211. 
1, from those hums, whicli she through 
htncssp setts 

bttVonehaVs) to hire, to all that piny, 
muit iu tiiiu' quite volley them aw»v. 
D-FiM. Scourge of tulhj, lUl. 

.LOP, \9. The front or flap of 
LLUP, J smallclothes. Northumb. 
.LOW. (1) adj. {A.'S.) Gaunt; 
ony ; thin. 

rcas the hallow nag outstrips tlie 
•inds in chase. 

Drayton, Polyolhion, song ni. 

2 ) r. To select or bespeak ; used 
IV boys at play, when they select 
, goal or a companion of their 
;ame. North. 

3) *. A pole; a cudgel. North. 
'A bailer y malleus ligneus quo 
flebffi franguntur." Huloet. 
LL-STELL, 8. A geometrical 
luadrant, called in Latinized 
brm balla-stella, Nomenclator, 

LL-8TONE, *. A local name in 
Shropshire for a measure of iron- 
(tone which lies near the sur- 
ace ; a kind of limestone found 
wear VVenlock. 


ihistlc. Gerard. 

LLU, 9. {/i.'S.) 

row. See Bale. 

A species of 
Mischief; sor* 

Ballu.m-uancum, *. A licentioni 
dancing party. An ola slaiiij 

He makes a very good odd-ram ai 
haJlwn-ranrum, or»o; ihnt is. when tlit 
rest of the company is couplril, ^»il 
tnke CJire to sec tliere'spood aticndnnn 
paid. Otway, The Atheist, 1661 

Ballup. See Ballop. 
Bally. (1) i. A litter of pigs 

(2) p. To swell or grow distended 

(3) adj. Comfortable. Wett. 
Ballys, 1 3g„„^g 


Balmer, 8. If not a corruptioTi 
this word, in the Chester Plays 
i, 172, seems to designate som 
kind of coloured cloth. ''Bai 
rones in balmer and byse." 

Balneal, adj. (Lat.) Refreshinj 

Balny, *. {Lat. balneum.) A. bat I 

Bald, *. A beam in buildings 
anv piece of squared limber. Eae 

Balon, *. {Fr.) Whalebone. 

Balotade, 8. \Fr.) An attemi 
made by a horse to kick. 

Balouroly, *. A sort of broth. 

For to make a halonrrjly broth. T 
pikys, and sprecl hem jiljoitl. ami hi! 
■^if iliou hasi, fle hian. mid kt-l hc.ii 
gobbcltys, and seth hem ii> alf wyii ni 
hfilf in water. Tak up the pvkvs ni 
clys. nnd hold hem h(»tc, and draw \\ 
broth tliorwc a clothe ; do powder 
gyn;rcvcr, peper, and galyngnle, ai 
canel, into tht- broth, andboyle yt; ai 
do yt on the pykya and on the eh 
and aervc yt forth . 

Warner, Antiq. CuUn., p. i 

Balovvt, (A.'S.) prep. About. 
Balow. (1) a nursery term. Nori 

{2)8. {A.-S.) A spirit; proper) 

an evil spirit. 
Balow- BROTH, 8. Probably t 

same as ballock-broth. 

Baloyngb, 8. 

Evther arm an cine long, 
Bahynife mcngeth al by-mong, 
Ase baum ys hire bleo. 

Lyric Poetry, p. 

d by Google 




T?u *A3i-AP?iE, 9. Tl p T»rme of an 
t»"lt. f!orio,T. Caranza, 

BusASfCM, 1 «. (fr.) Balsam. 

HI LSAiii>'T, J Shaketip 

Li A 1 «oi« ATV. ff<//. £ ni balmed. //ar- 
c'^y « 6'Aro«. 

?- A Lvr AFF, «. A large pole or staiT. 
Srt Balk^taff. 

Du.TfcE, r. To cohere together. 

:-) To fiance about; to caper. 
liiirie Arthure. 

rULcsTEa,*- {Fr.) A bannister. 

uM.^v..{l)s. {A.^S.balewe.) Evil; 
mischief; sorrow. 
(2) oc^'. Plain ; smooth. Pr. P. 

3^LY, (1) 9. {A.'S.) Evil; wrrow. 
.2: *. (A.-S.) The liellv. 
■ :i) ». (^/..A:) a bailiff.' 

Balti, #. (^.-iV.) Dominion. 
B t fivr be shu him noht lx>t man, 
'' vrlLtrd in h III wend lie war nui, 
J ^»b: he fancied itlienlyc 
To barl bim tli his hal^t. 

CnrsorMvudi, MS.Ed.,f. 54. 

3 ALTSHip, a. The office of a bailiff, 
H^ihyp : Baliatus. Pr. P. 

D-.rjKAN, #. {Fr.) A horse with 
»hiie feet- Hotcell. 

2 »L^E, a/;. {A,-S.) Ample ; spell- 

Sia. a. (1) A story which is in- 
vented to deceive or jeer, probably 
an abbreTiatioo of bamiioozle, 
(2) V. To make fun of a person. 

^■HKLK, V. To walk unsteadily. 

Bamboozle, ff. To deceive; to 
make fun of a person. Some- 
tho^ it is used in the sense of to 

Ba.xby, adj. By and by. Devon. 

Ijamchicbes, a. "Arietiniy the 
chich^ealleii bamehicka.*" Florio. 

y>-'iiL^9, Bdlni. 

li • M MEu tr. To beat ; to pommel. 

B^s, (I) IT. {A^N.) To curse. 

i^i licsc Upon mj knees, striking the 

* kit ibrj sobIs to freHactinc: palm. 

Marbm'*Jeu>qfU9lia. < 

(2) a. A curse. 

(3) a. An edict; a proclamation. 
Tlint «-as the ban of KettiDgwanbe, that 

«iit lo tliig, 
Tlint ihrr ui- ssolde of heie men deterited 

lir tioni'. 
That lijuidr j.tiolde a^e the kiiif , bwte tlie 

crl of Lciccire one. Bvb. GU.uc., p. ^60. 

(4) 9. A summons; a citation. 
Of y» rouiidi" tablrys ban nixmU- he teude. 
That echf a U > it»o"uci} d to Vax ifou w nidt. 

Jtob. Glmc, p. l«i. 

(5)9. To shut out; to stop. 

(C)a. A kind of dumpling. Lane, 
Band, a. (A.^S.) (1) A bond; an 
engagement or covenant. 

(2) prei. t. of l/inde. Bound. 
On slope fast yit tho him fnnde, 
}Ii8 lt.;r» mil if .1 lit fIiu bail J, 
And hastily to I. mi <tlio\fdr. 

}tntine and Gawin, L 1778. 

(3) a. Im prison nient, 

nil niodcr danc Alicnore, and the baroni 

of iliis l:inil. 
For him travaded sr»rr, nnd bnmht him ont 

ot band. Lauytvfl '$ Ckron.. p. tv\. 

(4) a. String or twine. Var.diaL 

(5) a. A hyphen. 

(6) a. An article of dress for the 
neck, worn commonly by gen- 

Ilis shirt he chaungcth, as the moone doth 

His band is starch'd with grease, french- 

ruBsct deare. 

David, Scourge of Folly, Iflll. 
Some hitindresBr wr also will entrcate, 
For bannes aiid nilirs, which kindues to be 

We will confc5«e, yea and reoiiite it too. 

lioiriunds. Knave of Spadee, 161S. 

(7) a. A space of ground twenty 
yards square. North, 

(8) a. The neck feathers of a 
cock. Holme. 

BAND-nox, a. Originally a box for 
bands and other articles of dress 
which required to be kept from 
run I pi i tig and crushing. 

Band-cask, a. A band-box. 

By thfsi' wiihin a band-rnse lies thy niffr, 

And m-\t lu that thy brush, and t'ltfii iliy 
mulie. CnmUjf's AMiandu, p. &1. 





Bandbd-mail,#. a kind of armour, 
funned of alternate rows of 
leather or cotton, and single 

Bandel, «. {A.»N.) A little band 
for wrapping round anything. 

Bandrlbkr, 1 8. {Fr. bandouil- 
BANDOLBBti, I /f«re.) Abroad belt 

BANOiLBRO, J of leather, worn by 
a musqueteer, over the left 
shoulder, to which were bung, 
besides other implements, ten or 
twelve small cylindrical boxes, 
each containing a charge of pow- 
der. The charge-boxes were also 
called bandeleers, Sylvester calls 
the zodiac a bandelier : 

Wliat shall I ny of that bright htmieUer 
Which twice «u signs to richly garnish 

JhtBarl. P. iv, Day S, Week S. 

Bandblbt, a, A band, or fillet ; a 
narrow scarf. ** Citirpa, any kind 
of scarfc or bandelei" Florio* 

Banders, a. Associators; con- 

Banoish, a. A bandage. North. 

Band-kitt, a. A large wooden 
vessel, with a cover to it. In 
Yorkshire it is said to be known 
by the name of bow-kittg and iu 
Lincolnshire, of ben-kit 

Bandlb, e. To bind round; to 
encircle with a scarf. 

Bando, «. A proclamation. Shirley, 

Bandog, «. A fierce kind of dug, 
conjectured by some to have been 
thus named because it was always 
kept tied up on account of his 
fierceness. Bewick describes it 
as a cross breed between the 
DiastifiT and bulldog. 

Bat, Oraras, if thy sole repute bee hmlling : 
A btmdogge is thy better, bv his bitlliiiir. 

Jkmes, Seourg* oj FuUg, 1611. 

Bandon, «. {A,-N.) Dominion; 
anbjection; disposaL 

Mcrci, qttetli. ich me yelde 
Recrenuiit to the in this felde. 
So hnrde the smitestupon me krown. 
Ich do me alle iu thy banioftM. 

Betet of JJamiotiMt p. 43. 

Bandore, a. (ItaL pandtara,) A 
musical instrument, very similar 
in form to a guitar, but whether 
strung with wires like that, or 
with catgut, like the lute, we are 
not told. 

Bandorf, «. A penon banner. 

Bandovt, a. (/v. ftofuleatf.) A band 
round the head, worn especially 
by widows. 

Banoroll, a. {Fr,) A small ban- 
ner, or pennon, fixed near the 
point of a lance. 

Bands, «. (1) The hinges of a 
door. North, 

(2) The rings of a hinge. They 
speak of "hooks and bands.** 

Bandsters, a. Those who bind the 
sheaves in reaping. North, 

Bandstrino, a. The string or taa- 
sell appendant to the band or 

They were to stand mannerly foraooth, 
one hand at their batuhtrinp, the other 
behind the breech. Jukrey. 

Bandstrino-twist, a. A kind of 
hard twist made of bleached 
thread thrice laid, used in making 
laces for females. 

Bandstrot, a. A charm. 

Bandt, (1) a. A game played with 
sticks called bandies, bent and 
round at one end, and a small 
wooden ball. 

(2) V. To toss a ball, a term at 

(3) V. To join in a faction. 

(4) adg. Flexible; without sub- 
stance ; applie<i to bad cloth. 
(6) a A hare. East, 

(6) a. The small fish called a 
stickleback. Northampt, 
Bandy-hkwit, a. A little bandy- 
legged dog ; a turnspit. 





Bakdt-hoshok, «. A game at ball, 
cofumon in Norfolk. 

Bandti^n,«. a bad woman. North. 

Bakdt.wickst, t. The game of 
eridutf plaTed with a bandy in- 
stead of a Int Eut. 

Baxb, (1) ». (^..& tea.) A bone. 

(2) V. To poiaon. 

(3) «. (J.'S. teiuL) A mnrderer. 

(4) «. Ia.'&) Destniction. 

15) a<^'. Courteous; friendly. 

(6) Near; oonYenient. North. 

(7) t. In Somersetshire and the 
idjaeent counties this is the name 
giiven to the disease in sheep, 
oommoniy called rotietuun. 
(8)9. To afflict with a bad disease. 
Weti. This term is not applied 
ezdoaiTely to animals. 

(9) a. (J.'N.) A proclamation 
by Bound of trumpet. 

Hokenn nowe, heads sires, 
te htat hcrde ofta 
wieli a eri bus be cried 
Tliarth cuntrea fcle, 
llartb liesT of themperoor 
That hath Rome to kepe, 
Thai vbat man upon molde 
Mif t on vatr finde 
Too breme wite barea. 
The btoie i» ao maked 
He arhold wiune his wansott 
To weld for erere. 

mitum and the Wcnoolf,^, 81. 

Jkc No, I forbid 
Hie fajMv of death : yoo shall lire man and 

Tear scorn is now aofficienthr reveog'd. 


" iBoae of a play, or marriage : 
Banna, preludium." Prompt 
Parv. In Somerset they still call 
the banna of matrimony banes. 

BANEBBsaT, «. The herb Chriato- 
pber; the winter cherry. 

Banbd, a^. Age-stricken. 

Banehound, 9. To make beliere ; 
to intend; to suspect. Sonunet. 

BANBim. The bearer of a banner. 

Banbs. ''Fewimcf /' no difficulty, 
quickly dispatched. Northumi. 

Banbwoet, a. The plant night- 

Bano, (1) v. To strike; to shut 
with violence. 

(2) To go with rapidity. Cvmb. 
(3) «. A blow. 

(4) «. A stick ; a club. North. 

(5) V. To surpass, to beat 

(6) "In a bang," in a hurfr. 

(7) a. A hard cheese made of milk 
several tiroes skimmed. Suffolk. 

Bano-a-bonk, v. To lie lazily on 
a bank. Staffordih. 

Bako-bbgoar, a. (1) A beadle. 

(2) A vagabond, a term of re- 

Banob, #. Light rain. Euex. 

Banobr, «. (1) A large person. 

(2) A hard blow. Shrtipth,^ 

(3) A great falsehood. 
Banoino, a^. Unusually large ; as 

a bon§finff child. 
Banglb, (1) 9. To spend one's 
money foolishly. Lane. 

(2) «. A large rough stick. 

(3) V. The edge of a hat is said to 
bangle when it droops or hangs 
down. Noff. 

Banolbd, jMsrt. p. Com or young 

shoots, when beaten about by the 

rain or wind, are bangled. Eaet. 
BAN0LB.BARBD,a4r- ilaviug loosc 

and hanging ears. 
Banostraw, f . A nick-name for a 

thresher, but applied to all the 

servants of a farmer. 
Bang-up, «. A substitute for yeast. 

Banot, adj. Doll ; gloomy. Eaeex. 
Bakis, 9 {A.'S.) Destruction. 
Banish, v. To look smooth and 

bright. Suteeae. 
Bank, (1) v. To beat. Devon. 

(2) V. To coast along a bank. 

(3) A term in several old games. 

(4) a. A piece of unslit fir-wood. 

d by boogie 




• from four to t«n inches aqatre, 

and of any length. Bailey. 

(5) ». A dark thick cloud behind 

which the sun goes down^ 
Bamkavalst, «. An old game tt 

cards mentioned in ** Games most 

in Use," Lond. 1701. 
Bankaob, 9. A doty for making 

Banker, t. (1) (A,-N.) A carpet, 

or cohering of tapestry for a 

form, bench, or seat ; any kind of 

small coverlet. 
The king to semper b set, sirred in balle, 
Under a siller of silkc, dayntyiy dight; 
With all worsliipp and vele^ mewiih tke 

Briddes branden, and brad, in htmttrt 

bright. Oawan and eutahm, ii. 1. 

(2) f. A stonemason's bench. 

(3) An excsTator. Line. 

B ANKsm, 1 t. A pile of stones raised 
oiNKER, J by masons for the pur- 
pose of placing upon it the stone 
they may be working. LtHC. 

Bankbt, «. A ban<)uet. 

Bahk-aook, «. A large fish-hook, 
baited, and attached by a line to 
the bank. Shropik, 

Bank- JUG, «. The name of a bird ; 
according to some, the nettle- 
creeper ; according to others, the 
chiff-chaflT. The name is also 
applied to the hay-bird. Leieeit. 

Bankrout, 1(1) *. {Fr.) A 
BANauBRouT, J bankrupt. 

Hor shall I e'er believe or think thee dead, 

Thottgh miat, until onr bankrout stage be 
sped. Leon. Diggea. Prolog, to Sk. 

or whom, I think, it may be truly said, 

That hee'U prove hanqueroul in. ts'r^ trade. 
Hon. Gkoit, p. 4. 
And to be briefe, I doe conjectare that 
in this yrare will happen too many dis* 
honest practises by HnkrowUt wortliy 
the halter Tor a reward. 

Almmutek, 161S. 

(2)«. Bankruptcy. 
An unhappy master is he, that is made 
cuDning bt many shipwraeks ; a niise- 
lable mercliUnK that is neither rich uor 
wise, but after some bankroutt. 

Aseham, Seholenn.^ p. 59. 

(3) t. To heeome bankrupt 

He that wins empire with the loaa of fiu'tbe, 
Ihit-biriea it, and will kaukromt. 

Tkarft Bjfrom*4 Ctmtfirmejf. 

Baitics, a. The teat tm wfaiA the 
rowers of a boat tit ; the tidea 
of a vesseL 

Banksman, «. One who sopcrin- 

tends the businett of the coal 

pit. Dtrbyah. 
Bank-up, ». To heap up. Dtnwi* 
Bankt, (1) adj. Haying banks. 

A banky piece, a field with banks 

in it. Btref. 

(2)9. To bank. <' I dont ^onfty /' 

t. ^., I dont keep aceonnta with a 

banker. Somerwet. 
Banlbs, adj. Witboat bones« 
Banks, v. (^.-M) To ban; to 

curse ; to banish. 
Banner, «. {ji.-N.) A body ef 

armed mcBf varying from twenty 

to eighty. 
Bannbrbll, f. {J.-N.) A little 

streamer or flag. 
Bannbrer, a. A standard-bearer. 
Bannering, a. An annual peram- 

bulation of the bounds of a parish. 


Bannerol, «. The same as bimdroL 

BANNBT-HAY,a. AHck-yard. Wiltw. St. Barnabas. /. H^iffAt, 

Bannian, «. A sort of dressing 
gown, used in the last century. 

Bannick, 9. To beat; to thrash. 

Bannikim,«. a small drinking cup. 

Bankin, «. That which is used for 
shutting or stopping. Somerset. 

Bannis, t. A stickleback. fFHts. 

Bannxtion,«. The act of excision. 

Bannistbrs, s. Persons (with 
passes ) who received money iVom 
the mayor to enable them to de- 
part out of the limits of hia juris- 

Bannock, I A thick ntond eake 

B ANNACK, f of bread, ntde of oat- 

meal, kneaded with water only, 

with the addition somclCimet of 

d by boogie 




trade, and baked in the emben. 
A idnd of bard ship biscuit some- 
times goes vwler tbis name. 

Tbcir Imsd and drinke I had ilniMi 
^4teB; wdMd it was not nuke as 
tae Spuurdi aae. or oatea-eakes, or 
i««icii, ai in Nortb Bntaane, nor 
boket M Eniialiiueii cate. 

T^lm'a Worb, IMO. 

3A?rxi;r,jL A walnut. Wett. 

BunnowB, > «. A banner-bearer. 
BASsiBK, / Bamtyvwr or banner 
terer:VeiiJJariiis. Pttmpt.Parv. 

BA!(aviT, t. (1) What we now 
nit a deaaert, was in earlier tiroes 
«ftea termed « kanquei ; and was 
■aally placed in a se|Murate roon, 
to wbicb the guests remoYed 
vbea tbej bad dined. The oom- 
BOB place of bm^^meiinfff or eat- 
iaf the dessert, was the garden- 
^Mie or arbour, with which 
ifa&Qst tnry dwetfing was for- 

^n- iiae ia the crcat room, bat let the 
'^ i«,wr W praparad here. 

i our npon 

^* voodaoBfcrs do bitleta, for tlic first, 
'^ KeoBi, aad tbird oonoe; and moat of 


^ eai7 aad pleaaaat waj to ictory I 
''oa oar kcd to our glass ; from our 
1^ to our board ; from oor dinner to 
^pipc; from our pipe to a rimt ; from 
Vmt to a n i p per; from a sapper to a 
WTi tern a plaj to a hm^utt ; from 
» ioifMf to ear bed. J^. EtUTs Works, 

(2) Ptft «f tjbe bcaoch ci A 

^^«<7Rn, $, (1) A feaster; one 

vbo lives deUdoualf . 

(2) Abaaker. HicAm^. 
Basebiit,! «. A bftoiiefet; a 

•AXECT, / noble* 
WsHur, a. To buiah. Pr. P. 
&AXBU, a. To beai; to punish. 

oAKsncxLB, a. The atickleback. 

Asptragua (qusedani piseis) a 

hanMiykyU, Ortua Voeab, In 

Wiltshire it is called a baniide. 
Bantam WORK, a. A showj kind 

of painted or carved work. Aih. 
Banwokt, a. (A^S,) The violet 
Bany, a4f. Bony. North, 
Bantan-day, a. a sea term for 

those days on which no meat it 

allowed to the sailors. 
Banino, a. A name for some 

kind of bird. 
Banzbll, f. A long lazy fellow. 

Baon, a. See Bawn. 
Bap, a. A piece of baker's bread, 

of the value of from one peony to 

twopence. North, 
Baptbmk, a. Baptism. 
Baptists, a. Baptism. 
Bar, (l)a. (il..5.) A boar. 

(2) a. A baron. Rob. Gloue, 

(3) adj. Bare; naked. North, 

(4) pr9t, i, €4 hare, Batt. 
lb) 9. A joke. North. 

(6) a. To shot ; to close. North. 

(7) ». To bar a die, a phrase used 
amongst gamblers. 

(8) V. To make choice of (a 
term used by boys at play). 

(9) a, A feather in a hawk's wing. 

(10) a. A honeway «P * ^l 

Bara-picklbt, a. Bread made of 

fine flour, leivened, and made 

into small round cakes. 
Barathrum, a. {JUt.) (1) An 


(2) An insatiate eater. 
BARAT0UR.a. {A^N.) A^natnU 

aome person. 

BurraUmrt : Pngnsx, lizoras, jorgosas. 
Fromft, Fan 

Baratous, a^. Contentious. 

Barayns, a. A barren hind. 

Barb, v. (J.-N.) (1) To shave, or 
to dress the hair and beard. To 
barb money, to clip it; to b€trb 
a lobster, to cut it up. 





(2) Metaphorically, to mow. 

The atoopiuf icythe-iiuui, that doth harb 

Thou mak'st wink-tare. 

Mwt. MulamtaU, ir, 68. 

(3) «. A kind of hood or muffler, 
vhich covered the lower part of 
the face and shoulders. Accord- 
ing to Strutt, it was a piece of 
white plaited linen, and belonged 
properly to mourning, being ge- 
nerally worn under the chin. 

(4) Florio has " Barboncelli, the 
barbn or little teatei in the 
mouth of some horses." 

(5) The armour for horses. 

(6) The feathers under the beak 
of a hawk were called the barb 

(7) The edge of an axe. Gataayne, 

(8) The points of arrows are 
called barbeg, in Sir Gawayne. 

^^.^«.»^ |». A Barbary horse. 


Barbalot, t. (1) A puffin. 

(2) The barbel. 
Barbarin,«. The barberry. Pr.P, 
Barbed, adj. Caparisoned with 

military trappings and armour. 

Spoken of war-horses. 
Barbed-cat, t. A warlike engine. 

For to make a werrely holde. that men 
calle a barbed catte, and a bewfnty that 
shul have ix. fadome of leogthe and two 
fadome of brede, and the said catte tix 
fadome of Icngthe and two of brede, 
ilial be ordeyiied all sauarre wode for 
tlie same aboute foure iiondred fndom, 
a thousand of borde, xxiiij. rollea, and 
a grece qoant^t^ of swalle wode. 

Caxton's Vegeeius^ sig. I, 6. 

Barbbl, «. (A.-N,) A small piece 
of armour protecting part of the 

Barber, v. To shave or trim the 
beard. SAaietp. 

Barbkr-monoer, t. A fool. 

Barbican, 1 «. When the siege 
barbecan, v of a castle was an- 
BARBACAN,J ticipatcd, the de- 
fenders erected wooden pal- 

ing and other timlier work in 
advance of the entrance gateway, 
assuming often the form of a 
small fortress, where they ooold 
hold the enemy at bay for some 
time before it was necessary to 
defend the gate itself; and they 
also placed wood-work before the 
windovrs, which protected those 
who were shooting out of them. 
Either of these was called r 
barbican, a word which, and 
therefore probably the practice, 
was derived from the Arabic. The 
advanced work covering the 
gateway was afterwards made 
of stone, and thus became per- 
manent. When the old system 
of defending fortresses went out 
of use, the original meaning of 
the word was forgotten, and the 
way in which the word was used 
in the older writers led to some 
confusion. It is explained by 
Spelman: ''A fort, hold, or 
munition placed in the front of 
a castle, or an out-work. Also a 
hole in the wall of a city or cas- 
tie, through which arrows or 
darts were cast; also a watch- 
tower." The temporary wooden 
defences on the top of the walls 
and towers were called bre* 

Barblbs, «. Small vesicular tin- 
gling pimples, such as those 
caused by nettles. Eatt The term 
was also applied to knots in the 
mouth of a horse. See Barb (4). 

Barborannb, a. The barberry. 

Barborert, a. A barber's shop. 
Prompt. Pan, 

Barbs, «. Military trappinga. 

Barbwio, a. A kind of periwig. 

Barcabt, «. {A.^N,) A aheep- 
cote ; a sheep-walk. 

Barce, a. A stickleback. YorHh, 

Barcblet, «. A species of bow. 
Gaw, ? A hound. See Bartiei. 


BAR 165 

Barb, 9. {A^N.) (1) The warlike 
»apping of a horse. The bard$ 
CDoiisted of the foilowiiig pieces : 
tie cbamfipn, chamfrein, or thaf. 
fron ; the crinierea or main facre ; 
^ poitrenal, poitral or hreaat. 
pbte; aod the cronpiere or hut- 
tock piece. 

(2) 9df. Tough. Rob. Gloue. 

{^jperi.p. Barred; faatened. 

BAaDAaH. 9, (Fr,) An nnnatoral 

Bai'd cater-tra, or more pro- 
perfy, iarr'd gfuatrt iroit. The 
■Mw for a sort of false dice, so 
coaitrncted that the quatre and 
fr»» shall Tery aeldom come op. 
^Mit fBllaB high and low men bore great 

^i^ tfae irakke behie of a fartf m/A- /r<y. 
rajpfcr** aVw. qfli penet, p. 78. 
Swh be «Uo eall'd Urd eattr treas, be- 
g**** OBBmooly the longer end will of 
tei own fwmr drawe downevardi, and 
«raeiV to the eie aice. sincke. deuce, 
* ^ The principal uae of tbem is at 
jJ^^Bai, for BO long a paire of bard eattr 
«a» be waJking on the board, to long 
«Bje not caat live nor nine nnless it 
"by a great chance. 

Jrt tf Juggling, 1618. C, 4 

Raised, ^rp/. p. Equipped with 

■^iUry trappings or ornamenta, 

>pphed to horses. 

'««ataD alannea he was the first man 

vard^aad that at all points, and his 


Cvmima HisL ly Damet, 1696. 
^AtoiLto. f. {liaL) The quUted 

*<i^ wherewith colts are 

^'^DoiF.t. An ancient dish in 


^^^^Ttkt aimomd nylk, and draw 
J««P Guk with veroage. and let hit 
3K,aad braane of capons braied, and 
^ tbmo; and east therto eagre, 
'^^ niacts, pynes, and ginger, 
^^i and take ehekyna parSoyled, 
{;j tbapped. and pal of the ekyn, ani 
gieaieiueiBble, and in the aettvnge 
r^ fcB» the fire pat therto a lytel 
2^«J«i«lwith pooder of |inger, 
vf ^ **'*' '^ eTeroee. and make 
r^,^*V Jaftginge, and serve hit 
**««. Wtner^ Amliq. Ctdin^ p. 84w 


Bardous, adj, (Ut. bardtu.) Sim- 
ple; foolish. 

BAKDa. ff. Stripe of bacon used 10 

Barb. (l)«Cr.r^..5.) Mere. 

(2) adv. Bately. 

(3) 9. To shave. Shaketp. 

(4) a4f. Bareheaded. 

(5) ff. A mixtore of molten iron 
tnd sand, lying at the bottom of 
a furnace. SArepik, 

(6) a. A piece of wood which a 
laboorer la aometimes allowed to 
carry home. Sufolk, 

(7) A boar. See Bar, 

(8) A bier. 

(9) A place withoat grass, made 
level for bowling. 

BARBAHONn, fi. To assist. North. 

Barx-barlbt, t. Naked barley, 

whose ear is shaped like barlev, 

but ita grain like wheat without 

any husk. An old SuflTordshire 


Barb-dubs, a. A boyish term for 

the unfledged young of birds. 


Bare-buck, ff. A buck of six Tears 

old. Narlhampt. 
Barbonawn, adj. Eaten bare. 
Barbriobs, ff. A kind of covering 

for carts, used in the 16th cent. 
Barbllb, ff. (? ^.) A bundle. 
Basbly, adv. Unconditionallv ; 

Barbn, (1) pret. t. pi of **re. 
They bore. 
(2) V. To bark. 
Barenhono, 9. To intimate. 

Barb-pump, ff. A small piece of 
hollow wood or metal to pump 
liquid out of a cask. 
Bares, a. Those parts of an image 

which represent the bare flesh. 
Baret, ff. (.f.-^:) (1) Strife; con- 

(2) Trouble; sorrow. 
Barbynt^, ff. Barrenness. Pr. P. 
Barf, ff. A hiU. Yorkth. 

Digitized by V^OOQ IC 




Barphamb, 9. The neck-oollur of 
t horse. Durham, 

Baapray, t. A tower. See Berfirey. 

Barpul, adj. Full of ban or im- 
pediments. Skaketp, 

Bargain, $, {A,'N.) (1) An in- 
definite number or quantity of 
anything, as a load of a waggon. 

(2) Iff a bargaintt it's no con- 
sequence. Line. 

(3) A small farm. /. Wiffhi 
and Nortkampt. 

(4) A tenement, so called in the 
county of Cornwall, which usually 
consisted of about sixty acres of 
ploughed land, if the land were 
good, or more if barren. See 
Carlisle's i^ec.o/CAartYMff, p. 288. 

(5) An unexpected reply, tend- 
ing to obscenity. To sell a bar* 
ffain,io make indelicate repartees. 
No msid at oonrt n leu atlutni'd, 
Howe'er for selling bargaitu fam'd. 


Bargains, «. Contention ; strife. 
Bargainer, #. One who makes a 

Bargain-work, t. Work by the 

piece, not by the day. Leieett. 

Bargandkr, t. A brant-goose. 

Bargant, «. A bargain. Pr. P. 
Bargarbt, "It. {A.'N.) A kind 
BARGiNKT,/ of Bong or ballad, 

perhaps of a pastoral kind, frum 

Barge, (1) #. A fat, beary person ; 

a term of contempt. Exmoor. 

A blow-maunger barge, a flat, 

blob-cheeked person, one who 

puflfs and blows while he is eat- 

ing, or like a hog that feeds on 

whey and grains, stuffs himself 

with whitepot and flummery. 

(2) A highway up a steep hill. 

Barge-board, t. The front or 

facing of a barge-course, to con- 

ceal the barge couples, Utha, 

tiles, &c. 
Barge -COUPLE,' $, One beam 

framed intoanother to strengthen 

the building. ' 
Barge-course, #. A part of the 

tiling or thatching of a roof, 

projecting oyer the gable. 
Barge-day, «. Ascension-day. 

Barger, a. The mani^r of a 

Bargbt, «. (Fr.) A little barge. 
Bargh, ff. (1) A horseway up a 

hill. North. 

(2) A barrow hog. Orttu Vocab. 
Bargh-ii ASTER, #. See Bar- 

Bargh-mote, ff. {A.'S.) The court 

for cases connected with the 

mining district. See Bar-moMter. 
Bargood, ff. Yeast. Var. d. 
Bargubst, ff. A goblin, armed 

with teeth and claws, believed 

in by the peasantry of the North 

of England. 
BARBOLM,ff. ** Collars for horses to 

drawe by, called in some coun- 

treyes barholmei. Tomiees." 

Huhet, 1552. 
Barian, ff. {A.'N.) A rampart. 
Bar- IRE, ff. A crow-bar. Deton. 
Bark, (1) ff. The tartar deposited 

by bottled wine or other liquor 

encrusting the bottle. Ea$t, 

(2) ff. The hard outside of 
dressed or undressed meat. 

(3) ff. A cylindrical receptacle 
for candles; a candle-box. North, 

(4) Between the bark and the 
wood, a well -adjusted bargain, 
where neither party has the ad* 
vantage. Suffolk. 

(5) ff. A cough. Var. dial 

(6) V. To cough. Sut9ex. 

(7) V. To knock the skin ofTthe 
legs by kicking or bruising them. 

Barxart, ff. A tan-house. 





B ARKS9, 1 a4^ B ocrntted wi th 
BAaxBNBD,j diit. Nvrik, 
Barkkk, «. The yard of a honie; 
a fann-yard. Samik, For kmrton. 
Bawub, #. <1) a tuaer. 

Wiwt enftona ait tlraa, md the kiaf . 

I pn^e tbee, tell ne trove: 
I am a Imrter, nr, br my trmdc ; 

Kove telle me, vhat art ilioa? 

r. M. JFmd Ttmmtr, Ptrqf. 
AvKr : Ger^ fraaio. Barkmrm karke- 
water: ITaotea. Barke powder for 
lethyr: Fmnhun. Barkin^e of lelhjrr 
or ledyr : Fnuicee. ifar^f lethyr : 
f maio, taaao. frgmpt. Fun. 

(2) A faolt-finder. 

(3) The slaag name for a pistol. 

(4) A marsh bird with a long 
failL Bap. 

(5) A wlietctone; a rubber. 

Barkpat, ff. A tanBer** vat. 

Barkham, ff. A horse's ooUar. 
North. See Btwkkolm, 

Barklkd, ff. Encrusted with dirt, 
applied particalarly to the human 
skin. North. 

Barkkan, ff. A boatman. Kertty. 

Barksci^, ff. The time of strip- 
ping bark. 

Barxwatrr, ff. FodI water in 
which hides have been tanned. 

Bark-wax, ff. Bark occasionaUy 
foand in the body of a tree. East. 

BARLAT,mto7. Supposed to be a 
corruption oi the French par lot. 

BARLRRSfff. An old dish in cookery. 
BarUegi. Take ereme of almondes, and 
alHj hit with flour of ryi, and cast 
thereto angje, ajid let hit boyie, and 
■tere hit vet and colour hit with saffron 
ami aauBdert, and make hit atoiKiynge, 
and drcaae hit up on leches in disshea, 
aad aerve hit lonhe. 

Warner, JtUiq. CnHn., p. 83. 

Barlrp, ff. A basket for barley. 
Prompt. P. 

Barley, 0. To bespeak ; to claim. 

Barlkt-ho, j: a kind of barley, 
cultivated in the fenny districts 
o( Norfolk and in the Isle of 
Ely. **Betncone^barleif'dyt!ye, 

or BOB00iiie.^iUaM«." Hmloet, 

Barlbt-bird, ff. The siskin. It 
is also called the cudtoo's mate, 
which see. Its ftrst name is 
taken fnyn the season of iu ap- 
pearance, or rather of its being 
first heard; which is in barley- 
seed time, or early in April. Its 
chirp is monotonous, — tweet, 
tweet, tweet. The first noUs of 
the nightingale are expected soon 
to follow, then those of the 
cuckoo. Moort'tS^folMMS. 

Barlry-bottlrs, ff. Little bundles 
of barley in the straw, given to 

Barlby-brrak, ff. Aa ancient 
rnral game, played by six people, 
three of each sex, coupled by lot. 
A piece of ground, was divided 
into three coropartments,of which 
the middle one was called hell. 
The couple condemned to this 
division were to catch the others, 
who advanced from the two ex- 
tremities; when this had been 
effected, a change of situation 
took place, and hell was filled by 
the couple who were excluded 
by prc-occiipstion from the other 
places. By the regulations of the 
game, the middle couple were 
not to separate before they bad 
aucceeded, while the others might 
break hands whenever they found 
themselves hard pressed. When 
all had been taken in turn, the 
last couple were said to be in 
hell, and the game ended. 
Jamieson, in harla.breikit, barUy 
braekSi says, '*This innocent 
sport seems to be almost entirely 
forgotten in the South of Scot- 
land. It ia also falling into 
desuetude in the North.*' He 
describes it thus : " A game ge- 
nerally played by young people 
in a com yard. Hence cailefl 
barla-braektf a^out the etackt. 

d by Google 




One stack is fixed on u the dule 
or goal ; and one person is ap- 
pointed to catch the rest of the 
company, who run out from the 
thUe. He does not leave it till 
they are all oat of his sight. 
Then he sets out to catch them. 
Any one who is taken, cannot 
run out again with bis former 
associates, being accounted a 
prisoner ; but is obliged to assist 
his captor in pursuing the rest. 
When all are taken, the game is 
finished; and he who it first 
taken is bound to act as catcher 
in the next game." 

Barlby-breb, ^ #. Familiar and 
BARLBY-BBOTH, Mocular names 
SIR JOHN BAR- [ for alc, which 
LEY-CORN, J is made of bar- 
ley. Bariey-bree is, literally, bar- 
ley broth. 

Barlby-bun, 9, A barley bunne 
gentleman^ "a gent, (although 
rich) yet lives with barley bread, 
and otherwise barely and hardly." 

B ARLBY-coRN, #. Ale or beer. 

Barlby-h AILB8, $. The spears of 
barley. South, 

Barley-muno, 9. (from A.-S. 
menegan, to mix.) Barley meal 
mixed with water or milk, to 
fatten fowls or pigs. Eatt, 

Barlby-oylbs, ff. The beard or 
awning of barley. Berkt. 

Barley-plum, t. A dark purple 
plum. Weft 

Barlby-sebd-bird, «. The yellow 
water-wagtaiL Yorkth, 

Barlby-sblb, #. {A.'S,) The sea- 
son of sowing barley. 

Barlichb, t. Barley. 

Barlichood, «. The state of 
being ill-tempered from intoxi- 
cation. North, 

Barling, i. A lamprey. North, 

Barlings,!. Firepoles. Norf, 

Barm, «. (1) {A,'S, bearm,) The 
lap or bosom. 

And liiide his faeved on hire tsrwie, 
"" ' [ofoiiy harme. 

J. AUseutuUr, L oo 

Witbonte doyncor ony harme. 

(2) Yeast. 

Bar-mastbr,«. (if..5L) An officer 
in the mining districts; whose 
title is written berghnuuter by 
Manlove in a passage cited from 
his poem on the Cuttonu of the 
Mine$, In the Craven Ghu,, 
which brings it nearer to a word 
used in Germany for a like oflScer, 
bergmeiiter. He is an agent of 
the lord of minerals, who grants 
mines and fixes the boundaries ; 
the term is in use in Derby- 
shire, where an ancient code 
of laws or customs regulating 
mines, &c., still prevails ; and in 

Barmb-cloth, «. An apron. 

Barm fbl, i. A leathern apron. 

Barm-hatrb, ff. Bosom attire, the 
garments covering the bosom. 

Barmotb, ff. A bergmote. Derd, 

Barmskin, Iff. a leather apron. 
basinskin, j The skin of a sheep 
with the wool scraped or shaven 
off. There is a proverbial phrase. 
" Her smock's as dirty and greasy 
as a barmskin.** To' rightly ap- 
preciate this elegant simile, you 
must view a barmskin in the 
tanner's yard. Line, 

Barn. (1) (A.^S.) A child. Still 
used in the North. See Bairn, 

(2) ff. A man. 

(3) ff. A baron. 

(4) ff. A gamer. Wickl(fe, 

(5) «. To lay up in a barn. Eatt, 

(6) part, a. Going. York$h, 
{7) V. To close or shut up. Ojtf, 

Barnabas, ff. A kind of thistle. 
Barnaby, ff. In Suffolk thev cal 

a lady-bird *' Bishop Barnaby." 
Barnaby-brioht, ff. The trivial 

name for St. Barnabas' day, 

June lltb. 
Barnacles, a. A popular term for 


d by Google 




BAvrACUUBiKD, «. The tree pro- 
ducing the bumaclet. 

HxxsAGM^t. {A^N.) The baronage. 

^aJLSji, part, p, Barnt. 
I Sjuw-door-sataob, «. A clod- 
hopper. Skropth. 

Ba&nb, «. (1) A sort of flower, 
raeatioiied in HoUyband't Diet., 
(2) A btron. 

Babstbkd^j; Childhood. 

Baoxkiv, It. The outermost 

BAurvKTwcH, J Ward of a castle, 
ia which the bams, stables, cow- 
boases, &c, were placed. 

SAax's-LAiKiNS, #. {A.^S.) Chil- 
drea'a playthiDgs. 

Bauhess, 1 9. To grow fat. Leu 
lARjcjiH, J eeti. 

34asi6UN, «. A breaking ont in 
faall ]HmpIea or pnstales in the 
tkia. Dmn, 

B4E5I8H, (1 ) ff4jf. Childish. North. 
(2) 9. To increase in strength or 
Tigoar; to fatten. 

%mt ose to breake off the toppa of the 
kfpM vfaen they ar growne a xi or zii 
^ 'Jt fasfb, bicaoae thereby they bamuk 
ttd iiociKe exceedingly. 

i Seoe$ FUtforme of* Hof-Gmrdm. 

BAasr-MousK, a. A bat. 
B&air^scoop, a. A wooden shovel 

eedin bama. 
3Aa3f-TEM«,«.(^.-&)(l) Abrood 

if children. 

JLsfenowTe was of that iun-Ume, 
Afid was fovnder of Jerusalem, 
Itet was vYght vithowtvn we&e. 
Lt home nanmct qfkomt, L 10. 

(2) AehiUL 

iuA Alphfe httn$-tfm§ 

Wm finu biseop of Jemaalem ; 

ti^tvwe to hiiB was eal maa wone, 


CurtOT MwUt. 

CAaarfARD,!. Aatraw-yard. IBiM^ 
BAaxT»KTX , a. A leather apron. 

Pr. P. See BannaiHis. 
B4ao»,f. (1) A child. For *«rfi. 

^2} The back part of a cow. 

Baron AOt, a. {A.-N,) An usem- 

bly of barons. 
Baronee, a. (1) Aharon. 

(2) Some officer in a monastery; 

perhaps the school-roaster, or 

master of the barns or children. 

Bury JFiUM, p. 105. 
Barr, (1) a. To choose. Shropik. 

(2) a. Part of a stag's horn. 

(3) a. The gate of a city. 

(4) V. To debar. 

Barra, a. A gelt pig. Exmoar. 

See Barrfm. 
Barracakt, t.(fr.) A sort of stuff, 

a strong thick kind of camelot. 
BARRA-BOR8B,a. A Barbary hort*. 
BARRAa, a. A coarse kind of cloth 

— sack-cloth. 
Barrb, (1) a. To moTe violently. 

(2) a. The ornament of a girdle. 

(3) A pig in bar, was an ancient 
dish in cookery. 

fy99^ '» harr9. Take a pipjre, and farte 
hvm, and roete hym, and lo ibe ruitynu'o 
endurie hym j and when he i« rostcd 
lay orethaait him orerone barre of iiU 
Ter foile, and another of golde, and 
•erve hym fonhe lo al hole to Uie 
horde for a lorde. 

Warner, Jntiq, CuUn., p. 60. 

Barred, jyarf.jy. Striped. 
Barrbl, a. A bucket. 
BARRBL-rKYKR, 9. SickncM occa- 
sioned by intemperance. North, 
Barrvn, (1) a. Cattle not gravid. 

(2) a. A company of mules. 

(3) a. The vagina of an animal. 

(4) adj. Stupid ; ignorant. Shak. 
Barrvnkr, a. A barren cow or 

ewe. South, 

Barrbn-ivy, a. Creeping ivy. 

Barrbn-sprinos, a. Springs im- 
pregnated with mineral, and con- 
sidered hurtful to the land. 

Barrbnwort, a. A plant (epU 

BARRB88B,a.p/. Tho baTB. 

Barricoat, a. A child's coau 

d by Google 




Barrie, 1 a4;. Fit; convenient. 
DA I RE, J Durham, 

Barriers, f. The paling in a tour- 
nament. To tight at baniers, to 
fight within lists. 
And 80 if men iliall rno at tilt, jmt, or 
fight Ht barriers toeether by the kingi 
comman dement, and one of them doth 
kill another, in these fonner cases and 
tlie like, it is misadventure, und no 
felony of death. Country Justice, 1620. 

Barriham, 9. A horee'a collar. 

North. See Barholm. 
Barriket, 1 «. A small firkin. 


BARRiKQ^part, £xcept. Var.dial 
Barring-out, t. An old custom at 
schools, when the boys, a few 
days before the holidays, barri. 
cade the school-room from the 
master, and stipulate for the dis- 
cipline of tiie next half year. 
Barrow, t. (A.-S.) (1) A mound 
of earth ; a sepulchral tumulus. 

(2) A grove. 

(3) A way up a hill. North, 
(i) The conical baskets wherein 
they put the salt to let the water 
drain from, at Nantwich and 

(5) A castrated boar. 
Barrs, ff. The upper parts of the 

gums of a horse. Diet. Rust. 
Barry, v. To thrash corn. Nor- 

Bars, «. The game of prisoner's- 

Barsale, «. The time of strip- 

ping bark. Eatt. See Barksele. 
Barsb, i. A perch. Wettm. 
Barslets, 9. Hounds. 
B arson, «. A horse's collar. Yorkth. 
B ARST, pret. t. Burst ; broke. 
Barte, o. To beat with the fists. 

Barth, 1#. a shelter for cattle. 
BARSH, J Var. diaL 
Bartholomew-pig, s. Roasted 

pigs were formerly among the 

chief attractions of Bartholomew 

Fair ; they were sold piping hot, 

in booths apd stalls, and oaten- 
tatiously displayed to excite the 
appetite of passengers. Hence s 
Bartholomew pig became a com. 
mon subject of allusion; th< 
puritan railed against it : 
For the very calling it a Bartkolowiet 
piff, and to eat it so, is a spice of idola 
try. B. Jons., Bart. Fair, i, < 

Bartholomew-babt, «. A gawd; 
doll, such as were sold in tfa 

By the eighth bouse yoa may know t 
an inch, how many moths will cat a 
alderman's gown; by it also, and ili 
help of the bill of mortality, a roan mn 
know how many people die in Londo 
every week : it also tells farmers ■« lu 
manner of wife they should chnse, nc 
one trickt up with ribbands a»id knot 
like a Bartholomrw-babjf ; for such & u:i 
will prove a holiday wife, all play an 
no work. Poor Robin 'I'J^ 

Bartholomew-obntleman, *. . 
person who is unworthy of tru« 

After him comes another Bartkototnc 
fffHtUman, with a huge hamper of pit 
mises ; and he falls a trading with h 
promises, and applying of promises, ar 
resting upon promises, that we co 
hear of nothing but promises: wine 
trade of promises he so engrossed \ 
himself, and those of his own confnre^ 
tion, that in the late times he <%ou 
not so much as let his neer kinsnie 
the presbyterians. to hare any dealii 
with the promises. 

Eackard^s Obsertalunu, 167 

Barthu-dat, «. St. BarthoU 

mew's day. 

Bartizan, s. The small turret pr< 
jectiug from the angle on the tc 
of a tower, or from the parapi 
or other parts of a burlding. 

Bartle, ff. (1) *'At nine-pins < 
ten -banes they have one lar^ 
bone set about a yard before t| 
rest caird the bartUt and i 
knock down the bartle gives f< 
five in the game." Ketmett. 
(2) St. BarthoAomew. 

Barton, t. {J.-S.) (1) The d 
mesne lands of a manor; t1 
manor-house itself i the outhous 
and yards. 

d by Google 




(2) A coop for pooltry. 
Ba&t&am, t. (eorrupted from Lai, 

pyretkrwn.) The pellitoiy. 
'BAKTYStT^parLp. Struck; beaten 

with the fiftL Gaw. See Barte. 
Baku, t. A terrtv or gelt bo«r. 

Sob. GUme. 
BARvsi,.t. A short leftthern apron 

worn by wasberwomen ; a aUb- 

bering bib. KenL 
Babyot, ad}. Bare-foot. 
Baxw, o^f. (^.-5.) Protected. 
Babwat, a. A passage into a field 

made oi bars which take oot of 

the poata. 
Babytonb, 9, The name of a tioU 

shaped musical instrument, made 

by the celebrated Joachim Fielke 

in the year 1687. 
Ba8, (1) V, (Fr.) To kisa. 

(2)t. A kiss. 

Nay. lyr. M for hattg$. 

From hence none yes^s* 
But «i in gage 
Of manrage. 

FUy (fWUni Stimee, p. 18. 

Basak, a. The red healh broom. 

Basclbs, a. A sort of robbers or 
highwaymen. Lanfftqft, Chron.^ 
p. 242. 

Bascon, a. A kind of laee, con- 
sisting of five bows. 

Basb, (1) adj. {A.-N.) Low. 

(2) V. To atng or play the ba$e 
part in music Shaketp. 

(3) a. Matting. Eawi. 

(4) a. A perch. Oamb. 

(5) a. The drapery thrown over 
a horse, and sometimes drawn 
tight over ita armour. See Batet. 

(6) A amall kind of ordnance. 
Basb, la. PrUon-bate, or priton- 

BAc^jbart. A rustic game, often 
aUuded to in the old writers. 
Lads more like to ran 
The orantry bate, than to commit each 
Shatetp^ Cym., v, 3. 

So no fher all m they bad been at h»ee, 
Tbcy being cfaand that did other* elwce, 
' • Spent. F. Q , V, nu. 6. 

To hid a bam, to nra ftst, chal- 
lenging another to pursue. 

To Mtbe wind a I«m be now pnparea. 

Basb-ball, a. A country game. 

BA8CBBooiff,a. The herb woodwax. 

B ASB-couBT,a. The outer, or lower 

Basb-dancb, a. A graTC, sober, 
and solemn mode of dancing, 
somewhat, it is supposed, in the 
minuet style; and so called, per- 
haps, hi contradistinction to the 
▼anlting kind of dances, in which 
there was a greater display of 

Babbl, a. A coin abolished by 
Henry II in 11&8. 

Basblabd, a. See Batlard. 

Basblbb, a. A person who takes 
care of neat cattle. North. 

Ba«bl-pot, a. A aort of earthen 

Wliieh head she plasht within a hauttjtott 
Weil covered all with harden auvle aloft. 
Tmitnili^t Tr^ietU fai*$, 1&87. 

Basbn, a^. Extended as with 

And atajre on him with big looks hatem wide, 
Wond'ring what mister wicht he was. and 

whence. Spau., Moth. Hubb. TaU, 1 670 

Basb-bing, t. The ring of a can- 
non next behind the touch-hole. 

Basbbocbbt, a. A plant (the bur- 

Basbs, ff. pL A kind of embroi- 
dered mantle which hang down 
from the middle to about the 
knees, or lower, worn by knights 
on horseback. 

All heroick persons arepietnred in hates 
and buakina. Q^Un^ FttL N»U$, p. 218. 

JBoMf were aho worn on other 
occasions, and are thus described 
in a stage direction to a play by 
Jasper Maine. 

Here six Mores dance, alter the ancient 

Ethiopian manner. Erect arrowea 

I stuck round their heads m their corkd 

d by boogie 




hair instead of quiven. Their bowcs 
in their hands. Their upper parts 
nnked. Their nether, from the wast to 
their knees, covered with bases of blew 
satin, edged with a deep silver fringe,*' 
kc. Amorous Warrs» iii, 8. 

The colour of her bases was almost 

Like to the falling whitish leaves and 

yfith cipresse trunks embroder'd and era- 

host. Harr. Jr., xxxii, 47. 

(2) An apron. Butler has used 
it in Hudibras to express the 
butcher's apron. 
Bash, (i) v, (probably from A,'N. 
baUaer.) To lose flesh ; become 
lean. A pig is said to basht when 
it " goes back" in flesh in conse- 
quence of being taken from good 
food to bad. Z«t'c« Norihampt. 

(2) o. To beat fruit down from 
the trees with a pole. Bed9, 

(3) 0. To be bashful. 

(4) ff. The mass of roots of a 
tree before they separate; the 
front of a bull's or pig's head. 

Basbmknt, ff. Abashment. 

Bash RONE, ff. A kettle. 

Bashy, adj. (1) Fat; swollen. 

(2) Dark ; gloomy ; sloppy ; said 
of the weather. Northampt. 

Basil, ff. (1) When the edge of a 
joiner's tool is ground away to 
an angle, it is called a basil. 
(2) The skin of a sheep tanned. 

Basilez, ff. A low bow. Decker. 

Basil-hampers, ff. A diminutive 
person who takes short steps, 
and proceeds slowly; a girl whose 
clothes hang awkwardly about 
her feet. lAne. 

Basiliard, ff. A baslard. 

BAstLicoR, ff. A basilisk. 

Basilinoa, ff. The play called 
Questions and Commands; the 
choosing of King and Queen, as 
on Twelfth Night. 

»*""*""•}.. A«,r.ofc«,non. 


Basinet, *. The herb crowfoot. 

B A SING, Iff. The rind or cute 
BAziNG, J coat of a cheese. Miti 
land Cottniiet. 

Basinskin, ff. See Bamukm. 

Bask, (1) adj. Sharp, hard, acid 

(2) V. To nestle in the dust lik< 
birds. Leic. 

Baskefystkb, ff. Fututio. Ck>Jt 
woldt Dotmce,!. 116. 

Basket, a. An exclamation fre 
quently made use of in cockpits 
where persons, unable to |>a' 
their losings, are adjudged to l> 
put into a basket suspended o ve 
the pit, there to remain till thi 
sport is concluded. Gron. 

BASKET.swoRD,ff. A sword with i 
basket hilt. 

Basking, ff. fl) A thrashins 
Eatt. * 

(2) A drenching in a ahowei 

Baslard, ff. {A.-N.) A long dag 
ger, usually suspended from th< 
girdle. In 1403 it was ordaiiie< 
that no person should use a baa 
lard, decorated with sUver, unlea 
he be possessed of the yearly xn 
come of 20iL 

Basnet, ff. (1) A cap. Skeiioiu 
(2) A bassenet. 

Bason, ff. A badger. Cotgrave. Se 

BAsoNiNG-FURNACB,ff. A fornac 
used in the manufacture of hats 

Bass, (1) ff. A kind of perch. 

(2) ff. A church hassock. Nor-tfi 

(3) A collar for cart-horses oaadi 
of flags. 

{A) Dried rushes. Cumb, 

(5) The inner rind of a tree 

(6) A slaty piece of coal. Skrop^i^ 

(7) A twopenny loaf. North, 

(8) Athing to wind about graft et 
trees before they be clayed, anc 
after. Holme, 

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BASSADO, V«. A buhaw. 


Rassam, «. Heatb. Devon. 
Bass*, (I) v. {A..N.) To kisi. 

(2) «. A kiM. 

(3) 9. A hollow place. Hoi* 

(4) «. Apparently, the elder 
swine. Top9eU$ Foure Fooled 
Beattt, p. 661. 

(5) e. To ornament with baset. 
Bassel-bowia, f. Bowling balls. 

Bassbnet, 9. A light helmet worn 

sometimes with a moveable 

Basset. «. (1) An earth^og. 


(2) A mineral term where the 
•trata rise upwards. Derbyth. 

(3) An embassy. PmL Lelt,, 
h 158. 

Bassbtt, a. A game at cards, 
^hionable in the latter part of 
the seventeenth century, said to 
have been invented at Venice. 

Bassbynts, ff. Basons. 

Bassinatb, #. A kind of fish, 
supposed to be like men in 

Bassock, f. A hasiock. Bailey, 

Bast, (1) #. Matting; straw. Norlh, 

(2) #. Boast. 

(3) a. A bastard. 

(4) part. p. Assured. 

(5) p. To pack up. Norlh, 
Basta. Properly an Italian word, 

signifying it is entmghy or lei it 
m^ee, but not uncommon in the 
works of oor ancient dramatists. 
Bastaho. a. A sort of sweet Spa- 
nish wine, which approached the 
muscadfl wine in flavour; there 
were two sorts, white and brown. 
It was perhaps made from a das. 
lard species of muscadine grape; 
but the term seems to have been 
applied, in more ancient times, 
tu all mijced and aweeteued wines. 

Spune brmgeth forth winet of iwhit* 
colour, bnt much hotter and sinwccr, 
M ncke. nimney. and biatard. 

CogiMM't Haten of HemUk, p. 239. 
I WIS dmnk with htuUrd, 
whoya Batiirv ii to forai thingt. like itKlf. 
Hcidy end monftrooa. 

B. /- /7., Tkmtr TawCi, ii, 1. 

(2) a. A gelding. 

(3) V. To render illegitimate. 
Bastat, f. A bat. North, 
Baste, (1) r. {A.-N.) To mark 

sheep. North. 

(2) r. To sew slightly. 

(3) a. A blow. North. 

(4) r. To flog. Ba9ting, a severe 

(5) a. Bsstardy. 
(6)(^.-&) A rope. 

Bastblkr, t. (A..N.) A person 
who bastes meat. 

Bastel-bousb, s. See Battile. 

BASTBL-RooFs.a. Turrcted or cas* 
tellated roofs. 

Bawte*, (1) t. A heavy blow. 

(2) A bastard. 

The 16. Octob. A All. dflhrered before 
her tyme of a man child. This yere 
was a quiet yere, but that the diacour- 
tan or A. AIL troblud me often, and 
the hatter. Fi>rman't Dimty. 

BASTBRLT-ODLLioKyt. A baitard's 
basurd. lane. 

Bastian, t. St. Sebastian. 

Bastick, a. A basket. fFett. 

Bastilb, a. (^.. N.) A temporary 
wooden tower, used formerly in 
military and naval warfare ; some- 
times, any tower or fortification. 
They had alto towrea of tymber eoyng 
on whelea that we clepe battiUt or 
8omercit«tellea, and ahortly alle thinges 
that nedrtiUe waa in eny maaer kynde 
of werrea. the legion had it. 

Vegedia, hg Tretittt, MS. Beg. 
Item the xivigtl of Marche Boger 
VTitherington and Tbomaa CarleU, of 
thia towne of fiarwyke. rode into Lam- 
mermore to a place called Bowahehiil, 
xvi myle from Bamyke, and Iher wan 
• hasteU-kawse, and gote the man of 
the aarae, wliiche offred to gyve theui 
for his rannsome x\ marks. 



d by Google 




Batch, 9. (1) A certain qtmntity ; 
p-art of a nomber. BerJkt, 

(2) A qoiotity of bread baked at 
QBce; ftbo the whole of the 
vheil Aitir used for making com- 
IB9II homefaold breftd, tfter the 
IftB hat bees leparated from it. 

(3) A kind of hound. North* 

(4) A moond ; an open spaee by 
tbe roadside; a tand-bank, or 
jatch of gnmnd lying near a 
RT€r. West, 

BATomsAKs, ». A cake mad« of 

^ «iB« doogfa, and baked with 

the b«tcb of bread. Nwrthampt. 
jATCH-FiorB, t. Coarse floor. 
2a^ (1) 8. (A.-S.) Contention ; 

*(we; strife. 

i'^) V. To abate ; to diminish. 

(3) a. To iotter, applied to 


[j)fnt.i.x^bUe, Bit 

^'^)prtp. Wiihoat; ezecpt. Lame. 

(«)r. Toflya*. 

<T , Thus torrnrfnc round 

-''^'■v^efeatlier'd pnaon, till at length 
-* -^ ber noble birth to raiod, lad 

2"^ her ving was bora) her raggtd 

e -^ «?h«rJKii^Bg Jesses, strires to bresk 
V3^^^ fetun, and begins to haU 
"^1 giiapie. ssd darts at CT'nr firsts. 
quorum* EnMenu. 

Ti e- To go with rapidity. 

t^)». ToiiUMddniiy. 

»u.(^&) A boil*. 

(19) «. A theaf of hemp. Norf, 

'^O/wpf. /. Did beat. ^nu. 
jA7|-BaaBDix«, #. Causing strife. 
^'no^aCr- A fisb, when plamp 

^ fnO-rMd, ia weU bated. 

^^in. 1 JL (^.-AT.) A Uttle 

E^TELt8s,ad^. Not to be abated 


5*n-»A««E. «. A caoMTof Strife. 
31***^' *• That part of wood 
*Wch U cat oflr by a carpemer 

Batbvkkt-liohts. a. The upper 
openings between the mulliona 
of a window. 

Batsa, f. A bye-way, or eraas* 

As for the word h^Ur, that in Snglish 
parporteth s lans besring to an high 
waie, I taks it for a mcere Irish word 
that crept unwHres into the English, 
throuf^h the dailie imercoane of ths 
Msgiiah and Irish inhabitant!. 

SUmikttni, Iftic. ^Irtl^ p. 11. 

Batfowling, a. A method of 

taking birds in the aight-tiina. 
Batful, adj. Fruitful. 

Of Berera hatfuU earth, men iseaM as 

tbott^li to friine, 
Beporting in what atore ahe mnltiplirs 

her graine. DrayUitt P<A., long xiii. 

The belly hath no earea. No ? hath it not ? 
What had my tores when ahe with child 

was got? 
Though in berwombethe seedsman sewed 

Tet, betng battfi$Ue, it btre perf^ft eares. 
Ikuics, Scourgt 0/ FoUp, 1011. 

Bats, (1) adj. Both. North. 

(2) a. A sow. Herrf. See Bme. 

(3) V. to dry any ointment or 
liquid into the skin. 

Batbka, (1)9* To nettle and mb 
in the dust, as birds in the sm- 
shine; also to roll and settle 
downwards, spoken of smoke. 
Leic. , 
(2) (^.-5.) ^«i. pi. of both. 

Bathing. See BeMtin§. 

Bathing-tub, «. A bath formerly 
administered to people aflteted 
with the venereal diaease. 

Batiob, 9. A pearl. 

Batilbabt, a. An office in forests. 

Batillagb^ a. {A.-N.) Boat hire. 

BAT-iN'WATsa, «« Water mint. 

Batlbb, ^ a. The in- 

BATLBT, I strament with 

BATLtNG-BTAFV, Vwhich wash- 
BAT8TAF7, I ofB beat their 

BATriN«.8TAFF, J coarse elothes. 

Batlbton, a. A batler. Shropoh* 

Batlino, a. A kind of flsb. 

Batlins, a. Loppings of trees, tied 
up into faggots. Sti^^ 





Batnvr, «. An ox. 
Batoon, 9. (Fr.) A cudgel. 

Batour, «. Batter. Warner, 

Bats, ». (1) The short furrows of 
an irregalar field. South. 
(2) ff. The game of cricket. Det. 
(3)». A beating. Yorkeh. 
(4) $, The slaty part of coal after 
it is burnt white. Coal deterio- 
rated by the presence of this 
slaty matter is said to be batty. 
Northampt In Shropshire it is 
called basi, and in Yorkshire. 

Bat-swain, t. {A.-S.) A sailor. 

Batt, ». (1) To beat gently. 

(2) To wink or move the eyelids 
up and down. Chesh, 

Battabls, a^. Capable of culti* 

Battailant, #. (A.'N.) A com- 

Battailb, a. (j4,-N.) A battalion 
of an army. 

Battalia, t. (Fr.) (1) The order 
of battle. 

(2) The main body of an army 
in array. 

Batted, part, p. Stone worked off 
with a tool instead of being 
rubbed smooth. A stonemason's 

Batten, (1) ». (>^.-5.) To thrive; 
to grow fat. North. 

(2) #. A rail from three to six 
inches broad, and one or more 

(3) «. The straw of two sheaves 
folded together. North. See Bat. 

Batten-board, «. A thatcher's 

tool for beating down thatch. 
Battbn-fencb, f. A fence made 

by nailing two or three rails to 

upright posts. 
Battbr, (1) f. (perhaps from 

A.'N. abattre.) An abatement; 

a wall which diminishes upwards 

is said to batter, Suuex. 

(2) 9. Dirt. North, 


3) V. To fight one's way. Mid' 

and a 

(4) V. To wear out. South, 
Battbro, 9. A bat. 
Batticlb, 9. A moveable wooden 

cross-bar to which the traces of 

husbandry horses are secured. 

Battid, a^. Covered with strips 

of wood, as walls are previously 

to their being plastered. 
Battil, "1©. (^.-5.) To grow fat. 
battbl, j Also, to fatten others. 

For sleep, they said, would makelier haitU 
better. ^., F. «., VI. viii. 38. 

Aihet are a marrellous improvement to 
battle barren land. Bay't Prov., 238. 

Batting, 9. A bottle of straw. 

Battino-stock, f. A beating 
stock. Ketmett. 

Battlb, (1) V. To dry in ointment 
or moisture upon the flesh by 
rubbing that part of the body 
while exposed to the fire. 

(2) acff. Fruitful, fertile, applied 
to land. 

(3) V. To render ground fertile 
by applying manure. 

(4) V. To go about a room with 
wet and dirty shoes. Northampt. 

(5) V. To bespatter with mud. 
Battledt splashed or bespattered 
with mud. 

(6) V. To take up commons at a 
college, without immediately 
paying for them. Skinner de- 
rives it from the Dutch betaatm, 
to pay, a term which appears to 
have been formed from the an- 
cient manner of keeping accounts 
by tatiie9, or tale. 

Eat my common* with a good stoniach, 
and battled with diacretion. 

PKritoM, ii, p. S4S. 

Battled, jpor/. p. Embattled. 

Battlbdorb, #. (1) A hornbook, 
and hence no doubt arose the 
phrase "to know a B from a 
battlcdoor," implying a very 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 




slight degree of leuning, or the 
htmg hardlj ible to diitinguish 
one thiDg from another. It it 
wmetiines fonnd in early printed 
voris, as if it should he thus 
written, *'to know A. B. from a 

Ton tlHil Bot neede to bvybookes; no, 
•onie to distiajniith « B.from c iattU- 
^f»rr; oneiy Joofce that your cares be 
^ enoagh to re*eh our nidimentft, 
■ad fo« are made for erer. 

Gult Some-iooke, 1609, p. S. 

(2) A flat wooden implement, 
with a slit at one end for the 
band, used in mending thatch, 
to posh the ends of the new 
itnw under the old thatch. 
BiTrLKDoRE-BAB.Lrr,#. A kind of 
barier, said to be so called " from 
the ^tness of the ear." Aubrey's 

Battlbk, «. (1) A small bat to 
I^T at ball. 

(2) An Oxford student ; properly 
Me who pars for nothing but 
vhst he calls for, answering 
I searly to a sizar at Cambridge. 

BATTLft-BOTAi., s, A fight bctwecn 
KversI cocks, where the one that 
lUods longest is the victor. 

Battles, c Commons or board. 

BiTTLCT, "I #. A kind of 

BATUKo>8TAFV, > flat woodeu 
6££TLB, J mallet used to 

b^ tinen with, in order to 
whiten it. See Batler. 

Battlvtwio, 9. An earwig. Mid- 
lemd Cowntiea and North. 

Battuxo-ston*, $. A large 
imooth-faced stone, set in a slop- 
ing position by the side of a 
i stresm, on which washerwomen 
beat their linen. North. 

Batfolooist, 9. {Gr.) One who 
eoniuot] y repeats the same thing. 

BATTOLociiB, V, To repeat con- 
tiaoaUy the same thing. 
I Battologt, «. (Gr. parroXoyia.) 

The frequent repetition of the 

same thing. 
Battoii, #. A narrow board, the 

full breadth of the tree from 

which it is sawn. North, 
Battok, #. (/v.) (1) A dub or 


(2) Strong, broad, fencing rails. 

(3) Doors made by the boards 
being nailed to rails or bars are 
called da^/oii. doors, in contradis- 
tinction to such as Are panelled. 

(4) Narrow deals with which the 
best floors are laid. 

BATTEiLft. A bathing-stalf. Lane. 

Dattrt, ». A copper or brass 
wide»mouthed vessel, not riveted 
together, as plates of metal are 
in larger vessels, but hammered 
or battered into union, as tea- 
kettles, &c., are. 

Baits, «. (1) Low, flat grounds 
adjoining rivers ; sometimes, 
islands in rivers. North. 
(2) Short ridges. Wight. 

Batty, ac[f. (1) Belonging to a 
bat { in the manner of bats. 
(2) A term applied to coal. See 

Batwell, «. A wicker strainer to 
put over the spigot in the mash- 
vat, to prevent the grains from 
passing through. Leic. 

Batyn, p. To make debate. Pr. P. 

Baubee, f. A copper coin, of 
about the value of a halfpenny. 

Bavbsby, f. A squabble; a brawl. 
Var. dial See Bobbery. 

Baud, (1) t. (A.'N.) A procurer, 
procuress, or keeper of a brothel, 
or any one employed in bad ser- 
vices in this line, whether male 
or female. 

(2) f. A badger.. 

(3) adj. Bold. 

Baudk, adj. {A -N.) Joyous. 
Baudekie, «. Pimping. 
Baudkin, i. (A.-N. baudequin.) A 
rich and precious sort of stuff, 





said to hftTe been composed of 
silk, interwoTen with threads of 
gold in a most suinptaous 

I'or ctoth of ffolA, or tinsel iiniie. 
For baudkin, broydrie cutworks, or conceits, 
He set the ifaippes of merchantmen on 
worke. Gucoigne, StctU Gliui9, r. 7&6. 

See Baldrick. 


BAt7D&Y, J ' 

Baudrt, », Bad language. Skelton. 

Baudt, adj. (A.'N.) Dirty. 

BAt7DT-BA8KET| «. A caut term 
for a profligate woman. 

Bauffe, v. To belch. 

Baufrey, «. A beam. 

Bauf-wbek,«. Among the pitmen 
of Durham seems to mean the 
week in which they are not paid, 
they being paid fortnightly. 
Hone*» Table Book, \,Qb4. 

B auger, at^. Bald; barbarous; 

Than bronglit he forth another bvll, 
conteyniug the said sentenre; and that 
also he reade in his hanger Latine. 

Bale, Sir J. Oldcatlett. 

Baugh, (1) t. A pudding made 

with milk and flour only. Chesh, 

(2) V. To bark. 
Baughlino, «. Wrangling. Cumb. 
Baulchin, f. An unfledged bird. 

Baulk, o. To overlook or pass by 

a hare in her form without see- 
ing her. 
Baulkt, adj. A term applied to 

earth which digs up in clots. 

Baulme-mint, 9. Water mint. 
Baultbr, V. To curl. 
Baun-cock, ». A game cock. 

Baunsey,!. a badger. Prompt. P, 
Baubghwan, i, A horse-collar. 

Bausb, V, To kiss. See Base. 
Bauson, adj. Swelled; pendant. 




BAWS'TONB, >f. A badger. 


Bautbrt, adj. Encrusted vith 

dirt. North. 
Baux-hound, 9. A kind of hunt. 

ing dog. 
Bavaroy, 9, (Fr.) A kind of doak 

or surtout. 

Let the loop'd ftcroroy the fop embrace. 

Or his deep cloke be spatterd o'er vrith 

lace. Gaj. 

Bayen, If. A brush faggot, pro- 
BAViN, J perly bound with only 
one withe, a faggot being bouud 
with two. 

Bariiu will have their flashes, and youth 
their fkncies, the one as soon quenched 
as the other is burnt. 

Mother B0miU,U9i. 

With coals and with Aaniu, and a frood 
warm chair. OU &mg. 

The skipping king, he ambled up and down 
With ehallow jesters and rash 6ari» vita 
Soon kindled and soon bomt. 

1 Em. /F, iii, 2, 

(2) 9. A bundle of small wood. 

Bavens, 9. A kind of cake. 

Bavere, t. Bavaria. 

Bavian, 9. A baboon, or monkey ; 
an occasional, but not a regular 
character in the old Morris dance. 

Bayier, 9. {A.'N.) The beaYer of 
a helmet. 

Bayin, ff. Impure limestone. 

Bavisenbsse, *. (A.-N.) Mockery. 

Bayish, t. To drive Hway. East. " 

Baw. (1) An inteijection of con- 

(2) f. A boy. Ea9t. 

(3) f. A ball. North. 

(4) ff. A dumpling. Lane. 

(5) V. To bark. See Battffh. 
{6) V. Alvum levare. Lane. 

Baw AIT, ff. Lindsey.wolsey.iVbrfA. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


179 BAT 

Bawcoci, g. (conjeetnred to be 
« corruption of the Fr. bean eoq.) 
A borieaque word of eodeannent. 

VW that's 1117 im»eock. What has 

SkMJtetp., r. TaU, U 9. 

At a later period the word bow- 
esc* was lued to signify a rogue. 

Bawd, (1) f. The outer covering 
of a walnut. SomeruL See Bad, 
{^)r^.L Bawled. Yorkgh. 
(3;t. A hare. A word used 
chiefly io Scotland. 

Bawmi, 9. To scold grumblingly. 

^A^ «. A species of worm for- 
Bcrljr used as a bait for fishing. 

BA»»-UMa,t. The bowling of a 
nil ; that rope which is fastened 
to the middle part of the outside 
of a tail. 

Bawek, «. A maker of balls. Strf- 

2*n,(l)c. To relinquish. 

Hw? kt her go? by no means, sir. 
« *!»n ncrer be read in ehrouidc. that 
^Arlfcer Addd (my renovu^ friend) 
***'^ a iiistRaa for feur of rivals. 

Caryl, Sir SaUmm, 1691. 

.2)1. A balk in ploughing. 

%: Abeam. AisPil-Ae/'/, the 

teghtofthebeam. Ocm^. 
J*»,». A bow. 
fiAwwm,*. A aort of sand-stone 

wed for whetting scythes. So- 

■«w/. SeeBffOvr. 
J**«.t. A hay-loft. Cwnd. 
J^»ux,«fj. Big; large. 
Ba»»,». To daub. •* He ^eimiecf 

ttd ilawmed it all OTcr mortar 


(2) V. To embalm. 

(^) 9. To address ; to adorn. 

BiviiTK.t. Balsam. Proust, P, 
**^«. (1) t. An inclosed yard, 

«»P«ially of a small castle. 


These rooad hQli and square Uwtu, 
vhich yon see so strongly trenched aiid 
thrown up. were at flrst ordmned t)i«t 
people might assemble themsehes 
tlierew. Spmar'i SUUe 0/ Jrtisstd. 

(2) adj. Ready ; going. North. 

Bawnd, adj. Swollen. East. 

Bawndonly, oiftr. (A.^N.) Cheer- 

Bawrell, ff. {A.'N.) A kind of 
hawk. The male bird was 
called a bawret. 

Bawse, o. To scream. 

Bawsen, adj. Burst. Derby th. 

Bawsherb, a. A corruption of 

Bawsin, 1(1)*. An imperious 
BAWSON, J noisy fellow. North, 

Peace, you fat hatntm, peace. 

Lingua, 0. FL, v. 233. 

(2) adj. Great; large; unwieldy; 
swelled. Coles has **a great 
bawnuy Tentrosus.*' 

(3) #. A badger. See Anfffon. 
Bawsand, \a^. Streaked with 

BAW80NT, J white upon the face: 

a term applied only to horses 

and cattle. 
BAWSTONE,f. Abadger. Prompt.P, 
Bawt, (l)yrep. Without. Yorkth, 

(2) 9. To roar; to cry. North, 
Bawy, f. A boy. 
Baxter, *. (1) A baker. See 


(2) An implement for baking 

cakes, common in old houses. 

Bay, (1) f. A berry. 

(2) A high pond^head to keep 
in the water, for driTing the 
wheels of the fUmace or hammer 
belonging to an iron mill. Blount. 
Tn Dorsetshire, any bank across 
a stream is called a bay. Cotgrave 
mentions " a bay of land." 

(3) #. The space between the 
main beams in a bam. Abr- 

(4) #. A principal compartment 
or diTision in the architectural 





arrangement of abuilding^marked 
either by the buttresses on the 
walls, by the disposition of the 
main ribs of the vaulting of the 
interior, by the main arches and 
pillars, the principals of the roof, 
or by any other leading features 
that separate it into correspond- 
ing portions. The word is some- 
times used for the space be- 
tween the muUions of a window. 
Houses were estimated by the 
number of bayt : 

If this law bold in Yienna ten ycnrs, 
I'll rent the faireat house in it, after 
three-pence a bajf. Meat, for 3f., ii, 1. 

Of one hay(?» breadth, Ood wot, a ailly 

"Wliosc thatched apart arc furr'd with 

sluttish soole. Ball, Sat., r, 1. 

As a term among builders, it 
also signified every space left in 
the wall, whether for door, win- 
dow, or chimney. 

(5) «. A pole; a stake. 

(6) 9. To bathe. Spenter. 

(7) f. A boy. 

(8) adj. Round. Gaw, 

(d) V, {A.-S, bugan,) To bend. 

(10) V. To bark. Miege. 

(11) V. To open the mouth 
entreatinglyfor food, like a young 
child. HoUyband. 

(12) f. The nest of a squirrel. 

(13) t. A hole in a breast-work 
to receive the mouth of a cannon. 

(14) V. To unlodge a martern. 

(15) ». To bleat. 
Bayard,*. (/f.-iV.) Properly a bay 

horse, but often applied to a 
horse in general. '* As bold as 
blind bayard," is an old proverb. 
Bay-berry, «. The fruit of the 

Bncra lanri. 8a^v6KO«rieof, Ttlajonio. 
Graiu de laurier. A bni,hrrry. 

AuatcncUUor, 1585. 

Bat-duck, #. A shell-duck. EcLsi. 
Baye, adj. (^.-5.) Both. 

Into the chaumber go we bofg. 
Among the maidens for to piaye. 

Gy of Wartoike, p. ICS. 

Batbn, V. To bay; to bark; to 

Batbs, f. Baize. 

Bayl£, f. A bailiff. 

Bayler, t. A bucket. 

Bayly, t. {A.-N.) Authority; any. 
thing given in charge to a bailiff 
or guard. 

B AYLYD, part. p. Boiled. 

Bayn, f. (A,'S. bana,) A mur- 

Baynyd, part. p. Shelled for 
table, as beans, &c. Prontpi. J>, 

Bayte, v. {A.'S.) To avail ; to 
be useful ; to apply to any use. 

Baythe, v. To grant, (rotr. 

Baytino, t. A chastisement. 

Bay-window, t. A large window ; 
supposed to derive this name 
from its occupying the ^hole 
bay. It usually projected out- 
wards, in a rectangular or poly. 
gonal form, or sometimes aemi. 
circular, from whence the cor- 
rupted form boW'tpindow arose. 

Bay-yarn, t. Another name for 

Bayyd, adj. Of a bay colour, 
Prompt. P. 

Bazans, t. A sort of leathei 
boots, mentioned by Mat. Paris. 

Bazb, v. To alarm. Xorth, 

Be. (I) prep. (A..S.) By. 

(2) part. p. Been. In the prov 
dialects, be is often used as th< 
pret. L of the verb. 

(3) Be, bi, or by, is used as i 
common prefix to verbs, generally 
conveying an intensative power. 
(i)i.(A.-S.) A jewel or ring. Se« 

Beack, 9. (1) Cattle. North. 

(2) A cow-sUll. Yorksh. 
Beached, adj. Exposed to th^ 






BiAD, 1 «. (^.-5!.) A pnjer, from 

'Sid, to prmr. 
A padre of knia eke she bere 
Upon ■ lac-r al of wliite threde. 
On which that she her kedu Me. 

JZaMWfl/ ^ AU JKam; L 7373. 
Rriair the holy vatcr hither, 
Let OS Tub and pray together: 
Whea our ietuU are tfana united, 
llica the foe will fly affrighted. 

Herritk, p. 38S. 

Small round ImIIs, ttringed to- 
gether, and buDg from the neck, 
as&sted the Romish derotees in 
eoDBting the number of prayers, 
or paternosters, they said, and 
consisted of thirty, or twice thirty, 
single beads. N ext to every tenth 
bead was one larger, and more 
embellished, than the rest ; these 
were called gaudei, and are men- 
tioned by Chaucer : 
Of tmal coral aboute hire arme scbe haar, 
A peire of hedUt gamdid al with grene. 

Cant, r., 1. 158. 

Tirom this practice originated the 
name of bead$ a» apphed to per- 
sonal ornaments. 

BxAiM;urF8,9. Small ruffles. Miege. 

BiAO-PARiNO, «. Pilgrimage. 

Beao.bou8e, 9. A dwelling-place 
for poor relagious persons, who 
were to pra^r for the soul of the 

Beadlk, «. (^.-5. hmlal, bydel) 
A crier or messenger of a court ; 
the keeper of a prison or hotue 
of correction ; an under-bailiff. 

Bead-roll, 1 #. Originally a list of 
BiD-aoLL, J the benefactors to a 
monastery, whose names were to 
be mentioned in the prayers; more 
generally, a list of prayers and 
church services, and such priests 
as were to perform them ; also, 
an inventory. 

And hcUow forth against the gods them- 

A UdrnU of ootrageoas blasphemies. 

OU Fl^ ii, 851. 
Or tediooi hmd-roUs of defended blood. 
FflHB £iUier Japhet ainee Denealion'a flood. 
3f. Hoik Sat., ir, S. 

Then Wakefield battle next we la irar 

hedroml bring. Drayton, Folgolh.t 23. 

Tia a dead world, no stirring, he hath 

Beheaneth up a head'TOwU of his kMSca. 
RawUnda, Kmmm o/ Harts, 161S. 

Bbadsm AN, f. One wlio prays for 
another; and hence, being used 
as a common compliment from 
one person to another, it was at 
length used almost in the sense 
of servant. 

Bkadswoman, s. a woman who 
prays for another person. 

Bbak, (1) 0. To bask in the heat. 

(2) s. An iron over the fire, in 
which boilers are hung. Yorith, 

(3) 9. To wipe the beak, a term 
in hawking. 

(4) V. A term in cockfighting. 

(5) t. The nose of a horse. 

(6) f. The point of a shoe, in the 
costume of the 14th cent. 

Bbak bh, s. ( Germ, becher,) k large 
drinking vessel ; a tumbler- glass. 

Another bowle, I doe not like thia cap. 

Yon slare, what hnnen haat thoa brought 

KU me a heaker, looke it be good beere. 

Jto»land$, KtuvM of HarU, 1613. 

BBAKiRox,f. An instrument of iron 

used by blacksmiths. 
Bbakmbnt, s. a measure of about 

the quarter of a peck. Newcattie, 
Bbal, (1)9. To roar out (for bawl)* 


(2) V. (d.'S.) To suppurate. 

(3) s. {A.-S.) A boil, or hot in- 
flamed tumour. 

B%ALDKfV.{A.'S.) To grow in years. 
Ine atat that sacrament ine roan, 
Waane 50 iae Gode b;rHldeih. 

William d« Shoreham. 
Bbalino, f. Big with child. 
Bbalt^, 9. (A.-N.) Beauty. 
Beam, (1) #. (^.-5.) Misfortune. 
Mob. GUmc. 

(2) V. To put water in a tub, to 
stop the leaking by swelling the 
wood. North, 

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(3) #. A band of straw. Devon. 

(4) «. The shaft of a chariot. 
Holinth., Hist, of Eng., p. 26. 

(5) «. A kind of wax-candle. 

(6) a. The third and fourth 
branches of a stag's horn were 
called the beamst or bear/i' 

(7) «. A part of a plough. 

The imm is perpendicnhirlj abore the 
spit, and connected with it: first, by 
the plough handle, or by the lower part 
of that piece of timber which terminates 
in the handle. The size of this piece is 
eqnal to the beam at that end or it, and 
both the beam and the spit are strongly 
morticed into it. Above the bcHm it is 
oontinned in a sweep the length of 5 
feet from the bottom ; the hidiest part 
of the sweep beingS feet from the ground 
hne, or bottom of the spit. 

(8) t. {A,-S.) A trumpet. 

(9) t. The rafter of a roof. 

Beame of a rouffe, not beyng inbowed or 
fretted. Loifuear. Huloet. 

Beamslino, t. A small ray of 

Beam-feathirs, s. The long fea- 
thers in the wings or tail of a 

BiAMFUL,a4/- Lnminons. Drayton, 

Beaming-ki^fe, «. A tanner's in- 
strumenty mentioned by Pals- 

Beam-rimolb, «. A moveable iron 
ring on the beam of a wheel- 
plough, by which the plough is 
regulated. Norfolk, 

Beamy, adj. Built with beams. 

Bean, 9. The old method of choos- 
ing king and queen on Twelfth 
Day, was by having a bean and 
a pea mixed up in the composi- 
tion of the cake. They who 
found these in their portion of 
cake, were constituted king and 
queen for the evening. — " Three 
blue beant in a blue bladder" is 
an old phraae, the meaning of 
which is not very clear. 

/•, Hark docs't rattle? 
S. Tes, like three Hue beam m a blum 
bladder, rattle, Uadder, ratlU. ^ 

Old Forlunatue, Ane. Dr., tii. p. 1S28. 
They say- 
That imtting all his words together, 
*Tts three blue beans in one blue bladder. ^ 

Prior, Jlma, Cant. I, ▼. 25. 

B B A N-BELLiBS, s. An old ntck -name I 
for the natives of Leicestershire. 

BBAN-coD,t. A small fishing vessel. 

Bbanb, a^. Obedient. 

Bbanbd, adj. A beaned horse, one 
that has a pebble put under its 
lame foot, to make it appear sounci 
and firm. 

Bbanhblm, $. The stalks of beans. 

Bbar, (1) «. a kind of barley. i 

(2) «. A noise. See Bere. 

(3) a. A tool used to cut se^ge ' 
and rushes in the fens. Piarfl 

(4) The o. bear is used in aewerid 
curious old phrases. 7b ftettr" « i 
bob, to make one among m^nv 

to lend a helping hand. To deoy^ 

in or OS AoiMf, to persuade, to Ueep 
in expectation, to accuse. 

She knowynge that peijanre 
greatter offence than advouW , 
wepynjje and swerynge defended bcr 
hoiiestie; and bare her husban^e oa 
hande, that they femed those ta|«« f^. 
ciirye tliat thby kadde to se tho^ ly ve 
so quietly. 

Tales jr (^uieke ^ 

To bear a bram, to exert %t^eii« 
tion, ingenuity, or memory. 
Bat still take yon heed, hare a ▼isUau&t 

— Well, tJT, let me alone, FU bear a 6«-a;. 
JU FooU, 0. PL, ivVl 7Y 

To bear low, to behave oneself 
humbly. Palsgrave. " I deaw-^ one 
wronge in hande, w iouch^.** y^^^ 
7b bear out a man, to defend one' 
Ibid. Bear one company^ «. e * 
keep one company. /6i</. ^e«»^* 
one bold, i. e., to set at defia-noffT 
'•Theyknowe well theydo sga^vn^t 
the lawe, but they beare /X<**al 
AoWeof theirelordeand msymter »* 
Ibid, Toplag the bear sri/^ * 

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iojare or diaadvantage tny one. 
"A wet uason will phf the bear 
with me." Sortkam^t. 

BsAmABLB, Qdj» Supportable. 

BsAm-AWAT, V. To learn. Pmbg. 

Bbabbind. 9. A apedea of bind- 
weed. North. 

OiARD, (1) V. To oppose Cace to 

(2) 7b make one't beard^ to de- 
ceive a person. 

(3) 9. To trim a hedge. Shmpth. 
{i) t. An ear of corn. Htdoet. 

(5) «. The coaner parts of a joint 
of meat. 

(6) 9. The bad portions of a fleece 
of wool. 

Bbard-bkoob,! a. The bashes 
BEARoiNoa, J stack into the 
bank of a new-made hedge, to 
protect the plants. Cke$k. 

Bbabd^tkbb, a. The hazel. 

Bbabbb, a. A farthingale. 

Beabers,!. The persons who ca^ 
a corpse to the grave. 

The Mvtbera of each oorpf good gainers be, 
Hke k mrt r* have a proMabie fee. 

Ttflor's Wiarkei, 1630. 

BiAB-FLT, a. An insect. Bacon, 
Beab-oaboen, a. A favorite place 

of amusement in the time of 

Elizabeth, and frequently alluded 

to m works o£ that period. 
Bbab-hbbd, a. The keeper of a 

Bbabino, «. (1) A term at the 

games of Irish and backgammon. 

(2) A term in coursing, giving 

the hare the go-by. 
Bbabino-abbow,!. An arrow that 

carries well. 
BEABING-CI.AW8, $. The foremost 

toes of acock. 
BBaBuio.cLOTH,a. The fine mantle 

or cloth with which a child was 

covered when it was carried to 

church to be baptized. 
BBABiiio.oiaHB8, a. Solid, sub* 

fUatial diabes ; pOEtly viands. 

BBAmiNO-or-TRB-BOOK, a. A term 
among the old players for the 
duties of the prompter. 

Bbabi NO-OUT, a. PerMnai carriage. 
** Great bearyBgout,|Mr/." PoSb- 

Bbab-lbap, a. A large osier basket 
to carry chaff oot of a bam, borne 
between two men. See Baritp, 

Bbab-moutbs, f. Subterraneous 
passages to coal mines. North. 

Bbabn, a. (1) A bam. Eaet. 

(2) A child. North. 

(3) Wood. Cotei. 
Bbabbmlbbcb, a. The name of a 


BBABa'.coLLBOB,a. A jocular term 
Qsed by Ben Jonson for the bear 

Bbab's-bab, f . The early red aori- 
cula, called in Latin, according to 
Gerard, Jvrieula Urti, and in 
French, Oreiile d*Ottr$. 

Bbab'b-foot, a. A species of helle- 

Bbab-stokb, a. A large atone mor- 
tar, formerly naed for unhuaking 

Bbabswobt, a. The name of a 

BBAmwABD, a. The keeper of a 

What a bragkyng maketh a hraremtrd 
with hie lylver bntiened bawdhke, for 
pride of another mannea here. 

Sir T. More. 

Beab-wobm,!. The palmer- worm. 
Bbab, 9.pi. Cows ; caule. Noirth. 
Bbabel, f. The part of a ring in 

which the stone is set. See Bo9il 
Bbassh, v. To defile. PaUgr. 
Beast, a. (1) A game at cards, 

similar to our game of loo. 

(2) A measure. Wardrobe Ac* 
eount9o/Edw, n\ p. 129. 

(3) An animal of the beeve kind 
bk a fatting state. Ea9t, 

Bbastial, a. {A.'N,) CatUe. 
B basting, a. A fiogging. Lane. 
See BaMte. 

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Beastings, "^ #. (A.-S. hyfiyng.) 
BEAST.MiLK, Thc fifst milk givcii 
BEESTLIN68, V-by a cow after her 
BEESTINGS, I calviiig. {Bytlms 
BESTNiNO, J in Staffordshire.) 

A cow hath no milk ordinarily, before 
that she hath calved : the first milk that 
she siveth downe is called beesHiu; 
which, unlesae it be delaied witli some 
water, will soon tvme to be as harde as 
a pnmish stone. 

HoUand'i FHny, vol. i, p. 348. 
So may the first of all our fells be thine, 
And both the heestning of our goaU and 
As thou our folds dost still secure. 
And keep'st our fountainssweet and pure. 
Btn Jonton, Hymn to Pan, vi. 177. 

Beastlb, o. To defile. Somerset 
Beastliness, «. Stupidity. 

He both cursed the time that he obeyed 
the king's letter to come to him, seeing 

fromises had been doubly broken with 
iro, and also accused himself of STcat 
beastUneM. hj the which these mischiefs 
were suffered to spring. 

£owfS Correspondence, 1583. 

Beat, {l)v. To make a noise at 
rutting time, said of hares and 

(2) V, To search. A sporting 

(3) V, {ji.-S.) To mend. Eaet. 
US t. Peat. Devon, 

(5) V. To hammer with one's 
thoughts on a particular subject 

(6) t. A blow. 

Be AT- AW AY, ». To excavate. North, 
Beate, \ V, (A,'S,) To excite, kin- 
BETE, J die, or make to burn. 

Thy temple wol I worship CTermo, 
And on thin auter, wher I ride or go, 
I wol don sacrifice, and fires befe. 

Chancer, KnigkWi Tale, Tynrhxtt. 

And in a bathe they gonne hire faste shet- 

And night and day grct fire they under 

Mten. Second Nonue't Tale. 

Beate BURNING,*. An agricultural 
device, used particularly in the 
West. See Denekering, 
About May, they cut up alle the gnase 
of that ground, which is to be broken 

up, in turfes; which they call heattn^. 
These turfes they raise up somewhat im 
the midst, that the wind and the sunne 
may the sooner drie tbeni. After they 
have been thorouebly dried, the bu»> 
bandnian pileth them in little hea])s. 
provincially called heat-bnrrowes, aud 
so bumeth them to ashes. 

Carew*t Survey rf ^ 

Bbatem, f. A conqueror. Yorksh, 

Beaten, adj. Trite. 

Beater, t, A wooden mallet. 

Beaters, t. The boards projecting: 
from the inside circumference of 
a chum to beat the milk. 

Bbath, ©. {A,-S,) To dry by ex- 
posure to the fire. 

Yokes, forks, and such other, let bttOiff spy 

And gather the same as he walketh about : 
And after, at leisure, let this be hia hire. 
To heath them, and trim them at home by 

the fier. Tna*it*s Hnabnn^ry, 

Beatillbs, (from Fr, ahatti^J) 

Beating, (I) f. Walking or hur- 
rying about. Weet, 
(2) A row of corn laid on the 
barn.fioor for thrashing. Norf. 

Beatment, «. A measure. North. 

Beatour, adv. Round about. 

BEAT-ouT,;»ar/./>. Puxzled. fir«e^. 

hEATWosLLDtOdv, Bcyoud coQtroui. 

Beau, adj. (Fr.) Fair; good. 

Beaupet, #. (A.-N.) A cupboard 
or niche, with a canopy, at the 
end of a hall; a cupboard, where 
glasses, bowls, &c., areput&^ay. 

Beau-pere, t. (1) (A.'N.) A friar, 
or priest. 
(2) A companion. Spent. 

Now leading hhn into a secret shade 

From his beMt-peres, and from hiiglit he». 

ten's view. 
Where him to deep she gently would 

Or bath him in a fountain by some coverft. 

glade. ^.«.UI.i,sS: 

Bbaupers, », Apparently some 
kind of doth. Book of J^a<e* 
p. 26. 

d by Google 


BiAUFLBADKm, f. A writ that lies 
I where the sheriff or bailiff takes 

a fine of a party that he may not 
plead Wrlj. 

BEAirnriKo, adj. Beautiful. Skek, 
Polonius calls it a Tile phrase, 
but it was a cominon one in those 
times, particularly in the ad- 
dresses of letters. "To the most 
hemdified lady, the Lady Eliza- 
beth Carey/' is the address of a 
dedication by Nash. "To the 
most beautified lady, the Lady 
Anne Glemhain." R. L. inscribes 
his " Diella," consi»ting of poems 
and sonnets, 1596. 

Bbautipul, adj. Delicious. 

Beau-traps, a. Loose paTeracnts 
in the footway, under which dirt 
and water collects, liable to 
splash any one that treads ou 
them. Norf. 

Bkauty-spot, *. The patches 
which ladies put on their faces, 
as fashionable omamenU. 

BiAUTT-WATEB, *. A Uquid for- 
merly used by ladies to restore 
their complexions. 

BiAVKa, (I) 9. (A.-N.) That part 
of the helmet which was moved 
up and down to enable the wearer 
to drink, leaving part of the face 
exposed when up. 
(2)f. The bushes or underwood 
growing out on the ditchless side 
of a single hedge. VoneL 

Bkaybr, 1 *. {A'N.) A name 

BBYKR, > formerly given to^thc 

BSTKRAGK, J afteTuoou colUtlon, 

and still in use in Essex, Nor- 

thamptonshire, and other parts. 


Drinkinse betwene dimsr tad nipper. 
til^aAh$a»*r. JMieemam. Huloet. 

Betimes in the monun;; they brenk 
their fiMt ; at mxm they dine ; when the 
day M far spent they take their hea»er ; 
late at night they aup. 

6aU ofhangr»«gn» 1568. 

Certea it is not supposed niecto that ire 
tiioald now contcnte ooreselves with 

185 BEC 

hreakfMt and rapper only, as onr eMcrs 
hare done before os. nor eno«Kl> ^y*} 
ve have added onr dinners nntti tlutr 
foresaid meales, bnt we must huTe 
thereto onr hevemgn und rearesuppei*, 
flo that smaU time it sparrd, whf rem to 
ooeupT ourseUes onto any godly exer- 
etae. Detenptwu of ScolUmd, p. 20. 

BBAVsmAOC. a. (^.-^.) Cider 
made after the first squeezing 

BBATBftrr,«. A half-beaTer hat. 

Bmawtk, prep. Without. Lane. 

B«a«led, adj. Fatigued. Stums. 

Bkb, v. (Ut. bibn.) To sip; to 
drink. North, A i^Mer. an im- 
moderate drinker. See Bib. 

Bbba8tb,v. To beat, 

Bbbathb, t. To bathe all over. 

The balls meanwhile each other woands do 

And t«rt each others sides, whose blond 
sports ont. 

And head and shotildrrs all b^^tknii\um% 

Whose hlouJy blows tlie erlioio; wood 
resound. Virgtl, hy }iemr», Itt^ii 

Bbbbbibd, part. p. Buried. 

Bbblast. part. p. Blaseed. 

Beblbd, part, p. Covered with 

Beblindb, v. To make blind. 

Bbblot, 9. To stain. 

Be bob, v. To bob ; to bother, or 
mock. See Bob. 

Bbbiddb, v. To command. 

Bbcallb, v. (A.^S.) (1) To ac- 
cuse; to challenge. 

(2) To abuse ; to censure. Weat 

(3) To require. Gaw. 
Bbcassb, #. (Fr.) A woodcock. 
Bbcco, #. (ItaL beeco.) A cuckold. 

Dnke, thon art a btcco, a eomuto. 
P. How? J/. Tlioa art a ruckold. 
Malcontent, O. PL, ir. ia 

Bbchattbd, part, p. Bewitched. 

Bbchb, $. (A.-S.) A beech-tree. 
Bbchbe, f. {A.'S.) A betrayer. 

Lore is htcher and Ics, 

And lef lor to tele. MS. Dighi/, 86. 

Beck, (1) *. (A.-S. bece.) A rivu- 
let or small brook. 

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(2) t. A constable. 

(3) V, To nod ; to beckon. 

Tlii* here I row. 
By IDT beloved brothera Stynan slow. 
By air tlioae pichy fioudt uid banks nuwt 

Whereat he beeit^ and vith a tbnnder- 

Olympus totall flrame eittreamly treinbled. 
rtiyii,4y nc«rf,1682. 

(4)«. A bow, a salutation. A beck 
was a bend of the knee as well as 
a nod of the head. 
(5) The beak of a bird. " Sbo 
with a longe beeket souliar aptm- 
lame.** Palsgrate, 

Tm none of these same cringing things 

that stoops, 
Jnst bke a tumbler when lie vaults tbroog^ 

Or daw or magpy, vben at first it necks, 
A.ltcinately Iheir tails above their leek$. 

FUckno^s Efxffrawiit 1670- 

Becker, 8. A wooden dish. Nor- 

Bbckbt, «. (1) A spade used in dig- 
ging turf. Eagt. 
(2) A mantelpiece. NorthampL 

Bbckets, f. A kind of fastening; 
a place of security for any kind of 
tackle on board a ship. 

BkcK'Stans, #. Literally, brook- 
stones; the strand of a rapid river. 

Bkclappe, r. (^.-5.) To catch. 

Bkclartbd, adj. Besmeared ; be- 
daubed. North, 

Bbclippb, 9, (1) To curdle. 3faim- 
(2) To embrace. 

Becomes, t. Best clothes. E(ut, 

BKCovQ^Ttpart, p, (A.^S.) Seized; 

Bbciuke,«. a kind of oath. iVbr^A. 

Bbckipflb, v. To make lame. 

Beg URL, V. (1) To bend in a curve. 
(2) To curl all over. 

Bko, (1) 9. A roe is said to bed 
v^hen she lodges in a particular 
place. Diet. Ru$t. 
(2) «. A horizontal vein of ore in 
a mine. Derbyah, 

(3) V, To go to bed with. 

(4) part. p. of bidde. Offered ; 
prayed; commanded. Langtqft. 

(5) «. A fleshy piece of beef cut 
from the upper part of the leg 
and bottom of the belly. East, 

f 6) t. The uterus of an animal. 

(7) Getting out the wrong side qf 
the bedi a phrase applied to a 
person who is peevish and ill- 

(8) A bed of snakes is a knot of 
young ones. 

(9) 9. The under side of a wrought 
stone, in masonry. 

(10) t. The horizontal base of 
stone inserted in a wall. 

(11) », The body of a cart or 
waggon. Northatnpt. 

Bbdaffe, 9. {A,'S.) To make a 

fool of. 
Then are yon blind, dull-witteti, and hei^rflt, 
North's Plut,, p. 1U3. 

Bedaole, 9. To dirty. 

Bed-ale, «. Groaning ale, brewed 
for a christening. Deton, 

Bed ARE, 9. To dare ; to defy. 

Bedasshbd, part, p. Covered; 

Bedawe, 9. To ridicule. Skelton. 

Bedde, (1) f. A bedfellow, hus- 
band or wife. 
(2) 9. To bed ; to put to bed. 

Beddeb, It. The under-stone 
bkdbttbr, j of an oil-mill. 

Beddern, t. A refectory. 
Bebdy, a^. Greedy; officious. 

Bede, 9. (1) (^.-S.) To pray. 

That thou wdt save thi moder and me^ 
Thi prevcre now I graunte the 
or that thou hed9 bRfore. 

(2) To proffer. 

A ring Ysonde htm hede 

To tokening at that tide : 
He flcighe forth in gret drede. 
In wodc him for to Ip'Hc. 
I Sir 'frulrem, iU, 28. 

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(3) «. To order ; to bid. 

(4) <. A prayer. 

(5) «. A commindment. 

(6) «. ProhibitioB. 

(7) yreL t of bide. Dwelt; 

BmDmja>K9,pret. p. Shun; made 

dead ; deadened. 
Bn>mir, part. p. Dirtied. Norik. 
BiovnousK, «. See Bead, 
Bkdkl, 9. A aenritor ; a bailiff. See 

Bkdklbt, t. The jnrisdictkMi of a 

Bkdbxb, a^. {A,'S.) fmmedt. 

ately; at once; continuously; 

Bbdkbjex, v. To darken. 
Bkdbvil, V, To spoil. South, 
Bbobyilbd, part, p. Rendered 

like a devil; become Tery wicked. 
Bkdbw, v. To wee 
Bbd-pagoot, a. A contemptoons 

term for a bedfellow. Eaet. 
Bbdfbbb, \s.{A.'S.) a bed- 


Bb96att, #. Command? Morte 

Beoioht, pmi, p. Decked out ; 


Her veaposs are the iareliii, sad the bow. 
Her t(«nnfeiita ingeli Uke, of rir^nn-wliite, 
Aud tttckt aloft, her f&lline skirt belov 
Her boflkin meeCet: backkd vith ailrer 

Her Lure behiad bar, Uke a doake dolb 

Some tnekt in fonlet, some knee with 

flowert hedigkt : 
Her silken vaitei play rooad about her 

Her golden qniTer fab aHiwart her barke. 
Ormt Britaum Truft^ 1609. 

Bedizbn, v. To dress ont. 

No; here's Diana, who as I shall !•• 
AjBrn, shall pass for as sabstaatial an 
alderman's beireti as ever fell into 
wicked hftndt. 

Mn. Bekn, CUy Hrireu, 1688. 

Bbd-jointb, c Joints in the beds 

of rocks. Derbpsk, 
Bbplam cowslip, c The paigle, 

or laq^ cowslip. NartAan^t. 

Bbdlamitb, a. A person who, 
having been put into B«tlilehem 
as insane, had, after a due time 
of trial, been discharged though 
not perfectly cnred. Not being 
mischievous or dangerous, they 
were afterwards suffered to go at 
large ; and the p«blic took much 
interest in their wild and extra- 
vagant sayings amd deeds. Male 
liedlamites were all Toms, and 
Poor Toms; and the females 
Bettys and Bess ; and all, in addi- 
tioQ to lunacy, were afflicted with 
loathsome bodily diseases. It was 
one of the most popular plans of 
vagrant mendicity; and the coun- 
try was filled with bedlanu and 
bedlamitee, or Tom of Bedlams, 
as they were indifferently called. 

Fvenr dnuikard is so farre estranfcrd 
frum binis^lfe, that as one in au cxusie 
ot Diind, or rather, in a plajrne phn-iizj, 
be may not be said to be siu animi 
compos, or a nan of soiuide wit, bai 
rather, a very hedUm, or much worse. 
Siubbn't JiuUomie of Abuta, p. 123. 

Alas ! thoB Tannt'tt thy sober sense in vain. 
In these poor £^<//aitti/«f thy selt lanrey. 
Thy self, leaa innocently mad than they. 

FittgeraUCi Poems, 1781. 

Tin the breakinfr out of the cirill warres, 
Tom o' BfdUmi did travel about the 
countrv. They had been once di«itriicted 
men th^t had been put into Bedlam, 
where recovering to some sobernrsse, 
they were licentiatcd to ^oe a bcgKiug. 
I'hey had on their left arm an ariiiillu gf 
tin, about four inches long : they could 
not get it off. They wore about their 
necks a freat horn of an ox in a string 
or bawdrick, which when they came to 
a house for alms they did wind ; and 
they did put the drinke pven them into 
this born ; whereto they did put a stop* 
pie. Since the warres I doe not remenw 
oer to hate seen any one of them. 

Jubng, Nat, Hut. of WUU. 

Bbdlawtb, a. A bed-ridden per- 
son. Prompt, Parv, 

Bbdmate, a. A bedfellow. 

Bed-minion, a. A bardash. 

Bbdolbd, part. p. Stupifled with 
pain. Devon. 

Bboolve, v. To dig. 

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Bedonb, part. p. Wrought ; made 

Bedote, v. To make to dote ; to 

Bedoute, part, p. Redoubted- 
Bed-phere, «. Bedfellow. 

And I most have mine ears banqnetted 
with pleasant and witty conferences, 

Jfretty girls, scoffs, and duUiance, in her 
hat 1 mean to chuse for mv bed-fketre, 
B, JoHS.t S^ccttu, ii, 5. 

Bedfrksser, «. A dull heavy 

Bedrabtlbd, part. p. Dirtied; 

"BEJiKKDy part, p, {\) Dreaded. 
(2) Bedridden. 

Bedreinte, part, p. Drenched ; 

Bedrepes, t. Days of work per- 
formed in harvest time by the 
customary tenants, at the bidding 
of their lords. 

Bed-roll, t. A catalogue. See 

Bedrop, V, To sprinkle ; to spot. 

Beds* «. The game of hop-scotch. 

Beds-foot, s. The plant mastic. 

Bedstettlb, t. A bedstead. Euex, 

Bedstafp, 9, A wooden pin stuck 
formerly on the sides of the bed- 
stead to keep the clothes from 
slipping on either side. 

Bed-suster, «. One who shares 
the lied of the husband ; the con- 
cubine of a married man in re- 
lation to the legitimate wife. Rob, 

Bbdswervbr, s. An adultress. 

Bed-tye, <. Bed-tick. Wett, 

Bbduele, o. (^.-5. edwelian,) To 

Our angela ells thai him lete 
Our Gudis suiic ells thai him helde 
For he cuthe make the men bedueide. 
Cursor Mundi, MS. Uimb.^t 129. 

Bbdusk, V, To smudge, darken the 
colour of. 

Bedward, adv. Towards bed. 
Bedwarf, V, To make litiie* 
Bedwbn', t. A birch tree. 
Bbdyner, f. An oflScer. 

Lyare wes mi latymer, 
Sicuthe ant alep mi bedwur. 

Ljfric Poetry, p. 4©. 

Beb. To have beet in the heati^ 
to be choleric ; to be restless. 

But, Wyll, my maister hath hee$ in his 

If be find mee lieare pratinge, I am lt\it 
deade. Damon and Pith, 0. PL, i, 1 so. 
If he meet but a carman in the atreet 
and I find )iim not tnlic to keep hun off 
on him, he will thistle him and all hia 
tunes at overnight in his sleep! he iiua 
a head full of bees. 

B. Jom.f Bartk. Fair, i, .^. 

To have a bee in the bonnet, to 

be cross ; to be a little crazy. 
Bbb, «. A jewel. See Bei^h. 
Bee-band, «. A hoop of iron wliieU 

encircles the hole in the beam 

of a plough where the coulter is 

Bee-bike, t. A nest of wild bees 

Bee-bird, «. The willow wren. 
Bee-bread, t. {A.-S.) A viscous 

substance found in the hives of 

bees, supposed to be the ma. 

terial from which the young bees 

are formed. 
Bee-but,<. a bee-hive. Somcr^^f^ 
Beechgall, t. A hard knot on. the 

leaf of the beech, containing the 

maggot of an insect. 
Beb-drovb, ». A great crowd ^£ 

men, or other creatures. £a«>^. 
Bbedy, «. A chicken. 
Bebdy's-bybb, «. The pansy 

Bebf, ». (Pr.) An ox. 
B kef-eaters, t. The yeonaeu of 

the guard. 
Beefing, «. A bullock fit for 

slaughter. SttfolJk. 
Bekfwitted. a^/- Having no more 

wit than oxen ; heavy-headed. 

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fiES-GLrs, «. A snhstance with 
which bees protect the entraoce 
of the hive. 

Prapolifl. Plin. Glnteii qno alrd mi aras 
coniptogimt apea, «]^»oAav. BeefiUw, 
vbtch Uiey make at the entry of the 
hive, to keepe out cold. 

NamtneUiar, 1181. 

BR.HITS, 8. A wattled straw* 
chair, commoo among cottagers. 

Be8X£d, atg' Covered with dirt. 

Beel, v. To bellow, applied not 
only to cattle, but to human 
beings. A woman at Nettleham, 
whose only cow had been sold 
by her hasband, a noted ringer, 
for the purpose of subscribing 
for a new beil, always used to 
uj to him when ringing com- 
menced : " Hark I how my poor 
cow beela /** They also say when 
any one makes a great noise by 
shouting, "How he beeltf" 

Bebld, (1) $. Shelter. Norih, See 
(2) V, To build. North. 

Beeldino, t. A shed for cattle. 

Bbele, g. A kind of pick^axe used 
in separating the ore from the 

Beb-ltpfsh, 9» A bee-hive. So- 

Been, (I) 9. pi. (J.'S.) Bees. 
(2)8. Property ; wealth. Tu88er. 

(3) The plural of the present 
tense of the verb to be. 

(4) adj. Nimble ; clever. Lane. 

(5) s. A withy band. Devon. 
Beenship, «. Worship; goodness. 
Beemt-msed, 8. Help on particular 

occasions. Lanca8h, 
Beeok, 8. An iron over the fire in 

which boilers, &c., are hung ; a 

beak. Yorkgh. 
Brer, «. Force ; might. Che8h. 
Bebr-plip, t. A drink prepared in 

the same way, and with the sam« 
materials, as "egg-flip," except- 
ing that a quart of strong home- 
brewed beer is substituted for 
the wine ; a glass of gin is some- 
times added, but it is better 
Bbee-oood, f. Yeast. Eatt. 
BBBaaousE, t. An old name for 

an alehouse. 
BKBftNBSs, f. A beer-cellar. North, 
Bbbrt, adj. Intoxicated. Warw, 
Bbbs, (1) 8. pi nics. Line, 

(2) 8. pi. Cows. Cumb, 
Bebsen. 1 ^j (^^5 ^y^j 
bbbzen, I Short-sighted; half- 
■'*°''' I blind. 

BY80M, J 

Wei vottu that hi doth tharinos, 
Hi fnleth hit up to the chinne, 
Ho litteth that ao hi bo hisne, 
Tharbi men aeirgirt a vorhiane) 
Dahet habbe iliut ilke beat 
That fvleth his owe nest. 

HuU and ^'yghtingeie, 1. Mb 

Now gylleorrs don gode mf n gye, 
Ry^i eroi re<flrs alle behynde, 
Truthe ys tamyd to trcchery, 
for now the hjitom ledva the blvnde. 
MS. Uarl., 539tf, f. 24. 

Bbb-9Kip, f. A hive or skip of 

Bbes-nbst, 8, A kind of flax. 

Beesnum. Be they not. We8t, 

Bbbsomb, 8. A broom with a long 
brush. This word occurs in 
HoUybOMTa Dictionaries 1593, 
and is still in use for a birch 
broom, though never applied to 
one made of hair. 

Sure 'tis an uncouth sight to see some, 
That sweepe their hall without a btfiome. 
Mm-MiracUs, 165«. 

Bbbst, 8. The first milk given by 
a cow after calving. See Bea8thuf. 

Bbestailb, 8. {A.-N.) Cattle. 

Bkbt.azb, 8. The instrument used 
in beeting ground in denshering. 

Bbethy, adj. Soft, sticky; in a 





penpirttion ; withered. Applied 
to meat underdone. Herefordth. 

Bbbtle, 8, {A,-S.) A heavy mallet. 
A three-man beetle was one so 
heavy that it required three men 
to manage it, two at the long 
handles and one at the head. 

BiKTLB-B ROWED, adj. Having 
brows that hang over. 

Bebtlb-headbo, adj. Dull ; 

Bebtlestock, «. The handle of a 

Beetle-ston, «. The cantharides. 

Bbetnbbd, 9. Assistance in the 
hour of distress. North. 

Befbt, «. A buffet ; a blow. 

Beffino, 8, (I) Barking. Line. 
(2) Burning land after it is 
pared. North. 

Bepioht, v. To contend. 

Befile, 9. To defile. 

Beflay, v. To flay. 

Bkflbckk, V, To spot ; to streak. 

Bkfoam , V. To cover with foam. 

Befog, v. To obscure. 

When speech it had of Uiese thinzs, 

they are so befogged, that they cannot 

tell where they ure, nor what they snv. 

Dent's Pathway to M§a»en, p. Si2S. 

Befon, v. To befalL 

The time nas once, and may again retom, 
For ought may happen that hath h<Tu 

btforn. Spent., Skep. K. Muy, 103. 

Tlie little redbreast to the prickled thome 

BL'tom'd, and song there us he hwd 

befome. Browne's Brit. Past. 

Bffote, adv. On foot. Pr. P. 
Bevrobe, part. p. Frosen. 
hEFTt pret. t. Struck; beaten. 
Tliai wrang thair hend and wep fuJ sair, 
Ala men war carkid al wit car ; 
Apon thair brestea fast thai bcft. 
And al in God tbaimsclf bilefc. 

Cursor Mundi, MS. Edinb., f. 4A. 

Beftce, «. Beau fils, fair son. 
Beoab, 9. To mock; to deceive. 
Beoalowb, v. To out-gallop. 
Beqakkh, part.p. Adorned. 

^ fP^V' {y^'-S.) Before. 

BEOARRBD,;iar/.;7. Defiled; very 
much dirtied. Devon. 

Bboay, v. To make gay. 

Bboayobd, part. p. Bewitched. 

Begchis, 8. Bitches. Cov. My8t. 

Bbgbnild, f. A mendicant P. PI. 

Beo6ar-my.neiohbour,«. a chil- 
dren's game at cards. 

Beogar's-barm, 8. The froth col- 
lected by running streams in 
ditches, or in puddles by the 
road-side. Northampt. 

Bbggar's-bush, 8. A rendezvous 
for beggars. •* To go by beggar's 
bush," to go on the road to ruin 

Bbogar's-buttons, 8. The bur. 
dock. Devon, 

Reogar-licb, 1 «. The plant 
BEGOAR-WEED, J clcavers ( Ga- 
lium aperme). Northampt. 

Beggar's-nbedle, 8. The shep- 
herd's needle. Midi. C. 

BBOOAB's-VELyET, 1 8. The light 

beogar's-bolts, J particles of 

down shaken from a feather-bed. 

and left by a sluttish housemaid 

to collect under it. Boat. 

Beggary, a^r'. Full of weeds. Ba8t. 

Begin, 8. See Biggin, 

Begirdgb, V. To grudge. Somer8et. 

Begkot, adj. {A.'N.) Foolish. 

B^gkot an bride, 

Re'de Iiim at ride 

Li the disniale. 

Political Songs, p. SOS. 

BEGLUBD,par.p. Overcome. Lyf/^. 
Bego, "X part. p. Circumstanced; 
BEGON, J happened to. 

T)ie toadan com that iike tyde, 
And with his wyf he ^n to chyde. 
That wo was hire bigon. 

KyngofTMX 552. 

Wo mu this wieeched womman tlio bino^. 
Cant. TttUs, 1. h^SA. 

Begone, ;mir/./». Decayed; worn 

out. Ea8t. 
BrnQossE, part. p. Begun. 
Bbgravb, v. (1) To bury. 

(2) To engrave. 


BEG 191 

BKGSFDm, V. {A,'S.) To cry oat 

BEGRUicPLEDy odj. BispleaMd. 

Begthkn, 9. To buy. 

Aiao. the forserd ececatoiiTi and fttmr- 
£jea fantpjn trnfytm and makeo bow- 
STUfr tar porre mes in a strrt clepyd 
I* nsijs ^ne, aod h^ye hrgthyn and 

saJBiCe of Ur foresryd hownvnf of 
Ms^re nea. /b**^. if/a/. ofSnfff*m 
WaUen Jlmsk.,HLO. 

Begxtklm, tr. To covet with guile. 

With oatantrd fiooetty, bat yet delU'd 
With iavard vice. 

Bkgui^ r. To make a gall of; to 

li- Larh Dot left a penny ia my pane : 
T.fc sLiIiinsa. not a fartbine more, I had, xhum keffvid, doth make me almost 
mad- RomUmda, Kntae 0/ Clukht, 1611 
Bkguth, prea. t. Began. 

^at bliced bodi to wind thai vald, 
▲e4 I hefutke it witliald, 
Sdili: atri/ bttvix q« was tare. 
Cmnor ifiuMfi, MS. Edinb.. f. 40. 

BcsTKeoK, ^'. (^.-5.) CarefuL 
Re&q. Aniiq,, ii, 8. 

B«H, prei, t. of .^rf.-^. trngoH, 
Beat; indiDed. 

BcHAD, oi^. CirCDDistaneed ; be- 
fallen. ** You're sadly bekmL" 

Bp.aAvr, prei, t. Beheld. 

BeaAi.^K, 9. Half; tide, or part 

BzBAPFKX, «fr. Perhap«. Skropth. 

^njLTKD, part.p. Hated ; exceed- 
iagty fasted. 

Bkbats, r. To manage or goTem, 
IB point of behHTknir. 

iad with Math, sober and annoted paasion 

VU dvl fe&iM hia aager ere 'twas spent, 

hsUht had bat prov'd an aiyument. 

Shaietp., Ttai. tfA., fii, S. 

Haw vd my itars ieJUa* tbefr inflnence. 
Drntenmnf* Jiut Itaiutn. 

Beb ATioirm, i- Bepre^ntative cha- 
tkea. after greeting, speaks ilie king of 

I* siv kthAnimr, to the Bugesiy, 

The ^annm'4. nsr^jcsty of Eogland here. 

^ • p.,j:.^»ili..i,l. 


BinEAaD, pari. p. Heard. 
BsHiLiBD, pari, p. Covered. 
BKHBaT» r (^.-5.) (1) A promise. 

(2) A command. 
Behbtb, 9. (J.^S.) To promise. 

jire/. behiffki and 6eAo/e. 

And for hit paines a whistle him hehU^ht. 
Sp«ms.,r. §., IV.u.fl. 

Bsaiwi, adj, (A.-S.) Coloured. 
Bkhint, adv. Behind. Norfh. 
Bbhitheb, {I) prep. On this side. 

T!ie lUlijin at this day by h'ke nrro-n nre 
calif th the Frcnehniaii. S^panmid. 1 1« 1 < h, 
£i)(;tish, and ail otiier breed hrhtther 
their mountaines Apennines. Ininiou- 
tani, as who should sny bnrbaron^. 
PuttenA., Art of Enyl. Poftir, p. 210. 

(2)pr^. Except. 

I have not any one thinp. hehith^r vVp, 
that bath ocrasioned so mucli ciiuterni-t 
of the cicrjfie, hs unwiIlingncM to lake 
or keep a poor liTing Ohn's Vref. tn 
Uerbert\ C. Pa'rsoH, A. 11 b. 

Beholding, adj. Beholden ; ob- 

Wc anglers are sll iehoUin/j to tlic pood 
man that made this song. Walton's Ang. 

And I shalle thinke myselfc hii^iily 
Mkolduig onto you. 

BaeheUn^s Banquet, p. 18. 

Bbholdingitess, 8. Obligation. 

Behoveful, adj. Useful ; profit- 
able; needful. 

Bbhouncbd, adj. Finely dressed ; 
smart with finery. E»iex. 

Behove, t. {A.^.) Behoof; ad- 

Bbbovelt, adj. Profitable* 

BBHVifo,/»arf./y. Hung about 

Beie, 1 
BBiEK, \ adj. {A..S.) Both. 


Ac heo ne mrft so rathe come, tliat the 

kyngea twei. 
Nere y^K>me oat Trloud, wyt gret power 

Of Scottea and of Ficars, of Dcnemarch, of 
Morwei. Rob. Gloue., p. I07. 

And tude btschopea in ys lond, 
Wcl hy were beyne v-foud. 

Chrm. ofEngL, )U/«m'« Met. ILtm. 

d by boogie 


ICe beon jit butc tweicn. 
Mine sunen jit beoth bden, 

MS. Colt , Calig., A ix, f. 28. 

Beigh, 8, (j^.-5. beag.) Anything 
twisted, but generally an orna- 
ment for the neck; a torques: 
it also is used to express an orna- 
roent in general. 
Sir Canados was than , 

ConaUble the qucn ful neighej 
For Tristrem Yaondc waiij 

So wcneth he be ful alcjghe, 
To make hir his lenian ^ 
With brocbc and riche IrngM. , 

Sir Trutrem^ lU, 66. 

Height, 8. Anything bent; the 
bend of the elbow. North. 

Bkikb, r. To warm as before a fire. 
Hys flcsche trembylde for grete elde. 
Hva bUKlc coldp, hya body unwelde, 

He had more nivstyr ol h godc fyre, 
Of brygbt brnncIyB brL-miynif schyre, 
To *ci/ke hys booncs hy . 

Le Buiu Florence qf ttowu, I. 99. 

Beild, 8. (1) See Beld, 

(2) A handle. Yorksh. 
BEiLDiT.jpflr/.^. Imaged; formed. 
Being, (1) conj. Since. 

And being you have 
Dcclin'd his means, you liave increai d hii 

™'^**' B. and Fl., Hon. M. Fort., act u. 

Hear. How now ? 

So melancholy sweet f 

Pot. How could 1 choose ^ ^^ ^. , 

Being thou wcrt not here? the tune le 

Thou' It' be as eood unto tne as thy word ? 
Cartvright's Ordinary, 16»1. 

(2) *. {A.-S, byan, to inhabit.) 
An abode ; a lodging. Su»8tx, 

(3) 8. Condition. Weber. 
Beirb, (l)^en./>/. Of both. 

(2) adj. Bare. 
BKiaANCK, 8. Obeisance. 
How is't ihen.thicke great shepherd of the 

Towhomour swainessikc humble heitanee 
^ield. FeeU'$ Sglogue, 1689. 

Beytb, 8, A sharper. Cumb. 

Here pedlars frae a' pairts repair, 
Bcrtth Yorkshire bei/tes and bcotch fwoalc, 

And Paddies wi' their feyne lin ware, 
TUo a' dcseyn'd to botch fwoak. 

Stagg's CumUrL Foemt, p. 186. 

192 BEL 

Bejadb, v. To weary; to tire. 
Bejapb, v. To make game of ; to 

Bekat, *. The jowl or lower jaw 

of a pig. Northampi. 
Beke, (1) 8. The brim of a hat or 

hood, or anything standing out 

firm at the bottom of a covering 

for the head. 

(2) V. To warm ; to sweat. Be^ 

keande.part, a 
BBitENE,f A beacon. 


Bekenne, V. (I) (A.'S.) To com- 
mit to. 

(2) (A.'S. beeennan.) To give 
birth to. 

Bekere, tJ. To skirmish ; to bicker, 

Bekins, flrf©. Because. Dorset. 

Bekke.o. To beg. Towneley Myat. 

Beknowe, v. {A.'S.) To acknow. 
ledge ; to confess. 

Thenne wat; spyed and spured 

Upon spare wyse, 

Bi previ poynte^ of that prynce 

Put to hym selvcn, 

That he beknrw cortaysly 

Of the court that he were. 

Gawtyn /- tkf Or, Kn., 1. 1620 

BbkOr, «. Fight; battle; skirmish, 
Bel, adj. (A.-N.) Beautiful. 
Belaob, ». To chastise with a strap, 
Belacoil, \8. {A.-N.) A kind 
BiALACOiL, J reception; a hearty 

welcome. Personified in tjie Ro. 

mance of the Rose. 
Bblaftb, pret. t. Left ; remained: 
BELAOOED,/»flr/./?. (1) Tired ; lag< 

ging behind. 

(2) Dirtied ; wetted. 
Bblam. r. To beat. 
Belamour, 8. (Fr.) (1) A lover 


(2) The name of a flower. 
Bel-amy, 8. (A.'N.) Fair friend. 
Bblappb, ». To lap round; u 

Belast, /?ar/. p. Bound. 
Belated, /?ar/./>. (1) Benighted 


(2) Retarded. 

d by Google 




Belatb, r. (A.-S.) To remain. 
Belay, v. (1) To fasten. A sea 


' 2 j To flog. Sorthampt 
^-lATEn^psri.p. Covered, Spetuer, 
^ci^B, (1) #. sjraall »>eer. yoritiA. 

(2) r. To remove the indurated 
^ isngfrom sbeep'a tails. Somertet, 
j^ELCHE, c. To decorate. iV. P. 
tJ=:Lcosra, «. A balconr. 
HiLDAMK, 9. {A.-N.) (1) A grand- 

'2j A fair ladr. Spetuer. 
EiLDE, (1) e. (^.-5'.) To protect. 

T-'ia Fptb tlinred fmm yer to yet : 
/i* jJibestc nrce men «eu4 it wpre. 
!ss abt^K iter ^an teclir Rnd beUe. 

(2) I. Protection ; refuge. 

IJa em iin«ver be ydd, 

Tuat litel be vruld wette, 
^ '^^ Khe maa bini 6<;/^. 

Fuat Moraant suster bad bene. 


(3)«5. Bold. 

'i) t. Build ; stren^h. 

^« bliHid liere, and from him ran, 
i£ti] bere chamber aoon ahc cam. 
Tint vai ao ttroiiffe of 6r/^. . 

Syr GotcffkUr, L 81. 

Oreramra I am in m yn elde. 

Cttnor MuHdi, MS. 

''i) e. To build. 
. 6) P. To inhabit. 
-tLOBa, c. To roar; to bellow. 

'-'-It, (1) ad;, (A.'N,) Fair; good. 
-; «. (.^,.5. 6«a/.) Bad conduct. 
^. The signification of tliis 
Word, as far as can he gathered, 
appears to h^ had caurge, or con- 
*^', or eenmra&le proceeding of 
^^pn^ident or UUdijfposed cha- 
^ffn, -He'll ne'er bate bele 
*faa«i hes spend evry hawp'ny" 

^i' aid of a spendthrift. 

'tLXAKwg. By the Lady kin! 

Cui.cHERE,«.(>^..iV:) Goodcom- 

Belechosb, t. {A.-N.) Pudendum 
f. Chaucer. Belchot, in MS. 
Addit. Brit. Mus., No. 12,19&» 
f. 158. 
Beleddy. By our I«ady ! Leie, 
Beleb. v. To shelter. Shakeap, 
Belbeke, a</r. Belike; probablj. 
A« Hertor had nnhorel Pntroclut tho, 
l)i8[)oviiii|r liim in ticlil, iilas lur wrte, 
Uuwn'rc* lo « rerk« i In** def«lr of hit hfUehi 
He ilayes a peereles Trojan for a (irerkp, 

Belepered, ai(r« Infected with 

Bblbve* (1) p. (i^.-5. beii/an.) To 
remain ; to be alive. 
(2) r. To leave. 
(3)1. Belief. 

Bsi.EVENESsE, 1. Faith. Pr. P. 

Bblkwing, 9. The belling of the 

BzLEYVtpart.p.ofbefye. Besieged. 

Belfer, t. A sort of framework 
of wood or other material sup- 
ported by )>iUars of brick, iron, 
&c., on which a stack of corn is 
raised. At the top of each pil- 
lar is placed a projecting coping 
stone, and on these stones are 
laid the crou beams : the inten- 
tion of the broad stone is to 
prevent vermin getting up into 
the stack. The proper terra 
for this erection is a brandrethf 
but many of the common people 
call it a belfer, confounding it 
probably with the word belfry, 
mentioned below. Lincoln. 

Belfby, a. (1) A temporary shed 
for a cart or waggon in the fields 
or by the roadside. Xinc. 
(2) a. Part of a woman's dress. 
Lydgai^e Minor Poemt, p. 201. 

Belo, V, To bellow. Somertet. 

Belgards, a. {Fr.) Fair looks. 

Belorandfather, a. A great 
great grandfather. 

Belier, adv. Just now. Somertet. 

Belike, 1 adv. Certainly ; per- 
belikblt, J haps ; probably. 

Belimb, v. To ensnare. Dent. 





Beling, 9. (1) Siipparntion. **I»i- 

sanics. Btlyng," AlH,^ Vocab. 

15M cent. 

(2) Tbe noise a chicken makes 

when first breaking the shell. 

** Tou can hear them beling sir, 

afore they comes out." Somerset 
Bblitter, t>. To bring forth a child. 
Bblivb, adv, {!) {A.-S.) Quickly; 

immediately ; presently. 

(2) In the evening. North, 
Bblks, v. (1) To belch. North. 

(2) To lounge at length. Line, 
Dell, (I) t. A roupie ac the tip of 

the nose. Palagr, 

(2) t. The cry of the bart at 
rutting time. 

(3) ». To swell. 

(4) To bear the bell, to win the 
prize at a race, where a bell was 
the usual prize. 

Among tbe Boiunns it [a horse race] was 
sn Olympic cxercbe, and the prize was 
M gariaud, but iiow they bfarg Ike bell 
awag. ScJtonstall, Char. Ij. 

To lose the bell, to be wor>ted. 

But when in single flvht he lost the bell, 
l^turf., Tauo, xvii, 69. 

Bbllakin, part, a. Bellowing. 

Bblland, 9. (1) Ore, when re- 
duce to powder. North, 
(2) Its pernicious eMects, when 
imbibed in small particles. North. 

Bbllarminb, «. A sort of stout 
earthen bottle, ornamented with 
the figure of a bearded face, and 
said to have received its name 
from Cardinal Beliarmine, whom 
this face represented. To ditpute 
with Beliarmine, to empty the 

Cos. There's no great need of sooldiers j 
their camp's 

No larger than a ginger-bread office. 

Fan. And the men little bigger. 

Phil. What half hereUck 

Book tela yon I hat? 

Sko. The greatest sort they sny 

Are like ttoHs-pot* teilk beard* that do reach 

Unto their kncrs. 

CartwrigKt, Lady Sfrmt, 1661. 

Tls dark, weMl hnrc one tfUarmine 
there, and then bonus nocius, I must lo 
niy mutress. 

Ukadwetl, Bptom WeUe, 1G73. 

BELLAmT, $, A bear-leader. Chest. 
Belle, (1) », A mantle? See 
Wright's Aneed. Lit., p. 12. 

(2) V. (A.'S.) To roar. 

(3) s. A clock. Cbv. Afyst, 

(4) s. A bonfire; for baaL Gam. 
Bellb, v. To swell. 
Belle-blomb, a. (A.-N.) The 

Belle-cberk, f. (A.'N.) Good 

Bellbjeter, s, a belUfounder. 

Prompt. Parv. 
Bell-flower, s. The daffodil. 
Bell-oatb, \ s. The circuit or li- 
bbll-oait, J berty in which a beg> 

gar was formerly allowed to beg, 

so named from the bell which 

he tinkled to attract the notice 

of the charitable. 
Bellibone, s. {Fr.) A faur maid. 

Pan may be proud tliat ever he begot 
Suirh a iellibone. 

i^MM., sup. £ii., Apr. 91. 

Belli borion, t. A kind of apple. 

Bellical, adj. (lat.) Warlike. 
Belliche, adv, (A.-N.) Fairly. 
Bellicon. s. One devoted to good 

cheer. North. 
Bellicous, adj. {Lat.) Warlike. 
Bellify, v. To beautify. Ray^ 

nalde's Byrth of Mankynde. 
Bellin, v. To roar; to bellow. 

Bellitudr. s. {Lat.) Fairness. 
Bell- KITE, s, A protuberant bodv. 

Bellman, t. A watchman. Part of 

his office was originally to bless 

the sleepers whose door he passed. 

Thus Herrick : 

Fnm noise of scarrtires rest ye frc«^ 
from murders, bentdieite. 

Digitized by V^OOQ IC 




tmrn «]1 mMclmnefS. tlint nuiy fn>M 
Tnor plens'inrslutuhers in the night} 
Meirie •eoire ye nil, and keen 
Tbe xftliha frnm ye, vliile ye sleep. 
Past one o'cU^ck nnd nimost two^ 
My muUn all, good day to yoa. 

H€tp., p. 139. 

So Miltoiif Pensenuo : 

Tlie Mmut*a drowsy cburm 
To blew the doors from niglitly hwrm. 

Hence onr Bellman^t Teises. 

Bkllock. «. To bellow, far. dial 

Bn.Loyiin,adj. Asthmatic North. 

BnLtosK, adj. {Lai.) Warlike. 

Bei.lowfari(er, $. A person who 
had tiie care of organs, regals, &c. 

Bbixpsarb, 9. A son of pear. 
Pirnm ciicnHMtinnra. Pltn. ab oblonga 
CttcurbifK fiipin. Poire de aartean. ou 
dc camrrane. A Ml f^are, or guard 
peare ; so called of his likencsse. 

Nomtnefator, 1S8S. 

BsLLRAG, V. To scold. Hertf. See 

Bbllraogks. t. A sort of water- 

Bblls. «. pL The ears of oats. 
Narthamp. A crop oi oats is said 
to have beWd well, when it pro- 
mises to be heavy. 

Bbll-sollbb, t. The loft in a 
chnrch on which the ringers 
stand. North, 

Bellweather, t. A cross and 
blubbering child. North, 

Bbllt, a. The widest part of the 
▼ein of a mine. North. 

Bblltatbbb, f. A bellfoonder. 
Prompt. Parv* 

Bbixt-bakd, t. A girth to a cart, 
saddle. North. 

Bblltchbat, a. An apron. Awk. 

BEI.LTCHBBB,t. Good Uviog. 

A ipender of his putrimony and goods 
in Miyek^ere, and untliriftie eompaiue : 
utaeHd-allr k waste-good. 

Nomendator, 1S85. 
Glottonie nuranted on a greedie beare. 
To betbf-fluer* and banqneti lends his care. 
Bovkuds, Kntaef ofSptJe*, /-c , 1613. 

Bbllt-clappbb, t. A word eqni- 
valeoi, according to Florio, to 
certain seoses of the Italian 

words hattiglio and iattifiUe. 
It has been con.ectured to be 
some instrument for announcing 

Bbllt-fbibmd, f. A sycophant. 

BsLLir-aoD, t. A glutton, or epi- 

Bellt-bahm, f. The cholic 

Belly-holdikg, f. A crying oul 
in labour. D&pon. 

BBLLT-NAKED,a4/. Entirely naked. 
A very common expression in our 
earlier writers. 

Bbllt.pibcb, f. (I) The apron, or 
covering of the belly. 

If thou shonlds cry, it vonld make 
strraksdimn thy face; as the tears of 
tlie taukard do upon my fat bouts heUv- 
pieees. SMadweU, Jfurf Fair, 16b9. 

(2) A thin part of a carcase near 
the belly. North. 

Bblly-shot, adj. A term applied 
to cattle, " when in the winter, 
for want of warmth and good 
feeding, they have their guts 
shrunk up." Kennett. 

Bbllt-timbbr, t. Food. far. dial 

Bbllt-vbnobancb, a. Small beer. 

Bbli.t-want, a. A belly-band. 

B B LLT- w ARK,a. {A.'S.) The cholic. 

Bklokk^ part. p. Locked. 

Bblokbd, part. p. Beheld. 

Bblon, f. (/v.) A distemper eom* 
mon to cattle in some parte of 
the North of England. It is sup- 
posed to be caused by the water 
they drink being impregnated 
with lead. 

Bblonoinos, f. Endowments. 

Bklook, v. To weep. Bedt. 

Bbloukb, v. To fasten ; to lock np. 

BtLOWT, V. To abuse roughly. 

^«,^?« !»• To cheat. Cwnb, 
bilpbr, J 

Brlscb, V. (J.'N.) To adorn; to 


d by Google 




BsLSH^f. Rubbish; sad stuff. Line. 
Bkl-8hanglk8, 8. A caot term. 

Headmniter of morrice-dauncert, high 
head-borongh of hciglts, and oiielv 
trirker of your trill-lilles, and be«t bet- 
ikangla betweene Siou and mount 

Kemp, Nine Daies Wonder, 1000. 

Bblsire, *. {A.'N.) A grandfather; 

an ancestor. 
Belsize, adj. Bulky ; large. Eatt. 
Bel-sw AGGER, 9. A swaggerer ; a 

buUy ; a whoremaster. 
Belt, (1) v. To suppurate. 

What godly reason can any man alyve 
alledge why Mother Joanc of Stowe, 
•peaking these wordes^ and neythcr 
mure nor lesse, 
•' Our Lord whs the fyrat man 
That ever thorne prick't upon r 
It never blysted nor it never beVei, 
And I pray God, nor this not may," 
should cure either beastes, or men and 
women, from diseases ? 
L. NorthamptOH^M Defensalive tufninit the 
Jfoifsvn qftwppo»ed Pr&phecUs, 15b3. 

(2) V. To beat. Shropih. 

(3) V. To shear the buttocks and 
tails of sheep. Midland C. 

(4) 8. An axe. Pr. P. 

(5) 8. A course of stones pro- 
jecting from a wall. 

(6) Pricking at the belt, a cheat- 
ing game, also called fast and 
loaee, as old as the age of Shake- 

Belt AN, ». The first of May. North. 

Belter, ». A prostitute. North. 

Beluted, adj. {Lat.) Covered with 
mud. Sterne. 

Belvb, v. (1)To drink greedily. 
(2) To bellow ; to roar. Somereet. 

I^elvering, adj. Noisy; blustering. 

Belwe, it. {A.'S.) To bellow. 

Belwort, 8. The name of a plant. 

Be LYE, V. {A.'S. belicgan.) To sur- 
round ; to beleaguer. 

The kjng; and heie men of the lond, mid 
strenglhe and mid giurie, 

Aud beUjte the castel longe, ar Iiii him 
mi5te i-winoe. Bob. Otoue., p. 619. 

Beltmmed, part. p. Disfigared. 

Bem, 8. A beam ; a pillar. 
Bemanolk, ff. To mutilate. 
Bem, \f. {A.'S. betna.) A trum- 
BEMB, J pet. 

Thau sal be herd the blast of bem, 
The demster aal cum to dem. 


Trompors gnnne heire bemee blowe. 
The knilites rtden out on a rowe. 
On atedea white and bhike. 

Kyug qf Tare, L 499. 

Bbmb, 8. Bohemia. 
Bbmenb, v. {A.-S. benuenan.) To 
lament for. 

Tlie kyng of Tart out of his sadel fd. 
The blod out of his woundo wel, 
Mouy mon hit benunt. 

Kyng of Tars, 1. 1068. 

Brmbte, V. {A.'S.) To measure. 

Bemoil, 9. To bemire, or be- 

Thou should'st hare heard, in how miry 
a place ; how slie was bemoiVd. 

Shakeep., Tam. ofShr., ir, 1. 

Bemoistbn, o. To moisten. 

Bbmole, 8. A term in music, 
B molle, soft or flat. 

Bemonstbr, v. To make mon- 
strous. Shakesp. 

Bemooked, adj. Dirtied, defiled ; 
literally, bemucked. Pal8grave. 

Bemused, adj. Dreaming ; intoxi- 

Bemt, 8. A term in music ; per- 
haps B my, or middle, between 
flat and sharp. 

Ben, (1) V. {A,'S. ben.) To be. 
{2) adj. Prompt; ready. Gaw. 
{^) 8. pi {A.-S.) Bees'. 
(4) 8. pi. {A.'N.) Goods. 
{b) adv. {A.'N.) Well; good. 
{6) prep. In; into. Yorkek. 
{7)8.{A.-N.) The truth. Deww, 

(8) The •' true ben," the utmost 
stretch or bend. Ermoor. 

(9) 8, A figure set on the top of 
the last lo<id of the harvest, im- 
mediately in front, dressed up 
with hbbonsi &c. Not/, 





(10) «. Oil of beo (hemmn), 
an ointment formerly in great 

Besar, odjr. Better. A cant term. 

BE.KATuaK. #. {A.'N.) A vessel con- 
tainiBg tlie holy water. 

Bettcth. #. The shelf of a rock ran- 
nia^ to a main joint. A term 
aaMH^ qturry-meo in Nortbamp* 

(2) «. A widow's bench, a share 
of the husband's estate which a 
vofDan enjoys besides her join- 
ture. SutaejT. 

B ExcscLOTB , t. A carpet to cover 
a bench. *' Benchclothe or carpet 
doch. /fl?M»." Huhet, 

BexcHKD, adj. Fomished with 

BsHCHKB. s. An idler; one who 
^yends his time on the benches of 

Be.vcH'FU>or, «. Id the coal mines 
of Wednesbory in StafTordshire, 
the auth parting or laiuing in the 
body of the coaL 

Bxvca-HOLB* #• The hole in a 
beBch, mi levandam alvum. 

Besca-TAALE, #. A low stone seat 
roand the inside of the walls of 
a boilding. 

Ec!Eca -WHISTLER, 9. An idler, who 
spends brs time chiefly on the 
alchoose bench. 

Bexd, *. C 1 ) (J.'S.) A bond ; any- 
thing which binds. 
Ml bvrd tlie doake, he serd snoit, 
Far scLamR l«t« the levedis gon, 
Thia er faoUie gode and heiide ! 
Ta uh laa eoroen hider to-day 
lor to t^rea hem, yire j mar, 
AmI bnng hem out of bmdf, 

JmU aMd AmiUnu^ 1. 1S3S. 

(2) A band of men. 

(3) A band; anything bound 
riM&nd another ; a tie. 

(4) A torn of a forest. 
X^rs^KAitx* Mm in iht bend, 

lil frrdiax beione liti fiaee : 
5«v ike. hrtt of /'m 111 Imretomydumer, 
And tkat m a little vpar«. 

JLHm Hfjod and kit Cotam SearUt. 

(5) Strong ox letther, ttmied 

with bark and other ingredients, 
which give it a blue cuu 

(6) Indarated clay. North. 

(7) The border of a woman's 
cap. North. 

(8) A piece of bent pUte-imn, 
which went over the back of the 
last horse at plough. Leic. 

(9) (A.'N.) A baud or bandage; 
a horizoittal si ripe. 

Bbndbd» part, p. Bound. Afatci- 

Bbndbl, t. (A.'N.) A band, or 
stripe ; a beiidlet. 

Bend I NO, par/, a. Striping; band- 

BbnD'Lbathce, s. Sole-leather. 

Bbndspull, «. Bands-full; bun- 

Bendwaee, «. Hardware. Staff. 

Bbndwith, s. The name of a 

Bbnb, (1) V. To be. 

(2) $. Bane ; destruction. 

(3) ». A bean. 

(4) $. {A.'S.) A prayer; are- 

(5) adv. (A.^N.) Well; fair; 
good. Gauf, 

B^sEATED^part. p. {A,-S.) Left 
aground by the ebb of the spring 
tides. South, 

Bbnbdat, f. A prayer-day. 

Benbdicite. (Lat.) An exclama- 
tion equivalent to Btf$a ut ! 

BBsrEDiCTiON-PosSBT, M. The sack- 
posset taken on the evening of 
the wedding day, just before the 
company retired. 

Bbmbpicb, t, (A.'N.) A benefit. 

Benefit, s. A living ; a benefice. 

Bbnemb, 0. (A,'S.) To take away ; 
to take from. 

tee 5yren hrni all fowre povere, and 
forte ^yve hem ^ee benetnen me, mid 
urvere the hittrre y mygljte nevere 
hare so niurhe p<i\vei- as ^oty. 

RjinuHce <tf'th« Monk, MS., f. 14. 





BiNEMERBNT, odj, (Lat.) Well 

BsNEMPT.jvar/.j?. Named ; called. 
Bbnskth, $. The service which 

the tenant owed the landlord by 

ploagh and cart in Kent. Lam- 

Benbthb, v. To begin. Cov. Myst 
BbnetoirEi 1 ». a cavity or small 
BENATUHE, J holc in the wall of a 

church, generally near the door, 

for the vessel that contained the 

holj water. 
Benbvolencr, $. A volantary gra- 
tuity given by the subjects lo the 

Bbnbvolbrs, «. Well wishers .Pof/. 

Lett, ii, 336. 
Bbnbwith,«. The woodbine. Pr.P. 
Ben OB, V. To drink deeply. So- 

Ben GBR, t. A chest for corn. 

Pr. P. 
Bbnot, adj. Cloudy; overcast. 

Benignb, adj. {lat,) Kind. 
Ben 1MB, V. To take away. See 

Bbnison, «. (A.'N.) A blessing. 
Bbn-joltram, «. Brown bread 

soaked in skimmed milk; the 

usual breakfast of ploughboys. 

Bbnk, f. (A.'S.) A bench. 
Ben-kit, $. A wooden vessel with 

a cover to it. line. 
Bennet, $. The bent grass, or 

bent2». Someriet. 
Bennicb, 9. A minnow. Somerset, 
B BNou B, part, p. of beneme. Taken 

BBN0THiN6RD,^ar/.jy. Annihilated. 
Benow, adv. By this time. North, 
Bbnsb, t. A cow-suU. North, 
Bensil, v. To thrash; to beat. 

Bent, (I) «. A plain ; a common ; a 

field ; a moor ; a common term in 

early English poetrv. 

(2) $. f ne declivity of a hill. 

(3) «. A kind of grass, mon 
usually known as beni$. 

(4) f. A chimney. North, 
(5; $, Form; shape. 

(6) adj. Ready. 
Bents, «. pL Different kinds o 
hard, dry, coarse grasses, reeds 
and rushes; the grounds, or pas 
tures, on which they grow. X>if. 
ferent writers apply the term t< 
the jtmcua butbustu; the 9/ar. 
wort; the arundo arenaria; thi 
alopecuruM genicuiatug; and tli< 

His spear a hent both stiff and stroDcr 
Aud well near of two incites loti^. "^ 
DrafloH'4 Njftaiikidia, ii. 4C6 
Next to that is the nnisk-nise ; ihetx tlu 
strawberry leaves dyinsf. with a nic><s 
excellent cordial smell; then the fluwe 
of ihe vines; it is a litilf dust, lik** w^'^ 
dust of a hent. Lord Bacon's £»»« vj 

June is drawn in a mantle of dark nn'naj 
rreen ; upon his head, a pirlandof ^^^ 
king-cups, and muidcu-liair. 

Bbntebs, », Debentures. 
Bentles, «. Dry sandy paaturcf 

near the sea covered chiefly Ti ii| 

bent-grass. East. 
Benwyttre, $, The woodbine^ 

Pr. P. 
Bbnzamynb,! «. Benzoin, & kin« 

BENZwiNB, J of resin. 
Beg, (1) r. (^-.5.) To be 

{2) prep. By. 
Beodr, (1) V. To pray; to off-ei 

See Bede, 

(2) *. A prax-rr. 
Bbohtng, $. (1) Burying; ^ fu 


(2) Birth; t. e., child-bcarinc- 
Beon, V, (A,-S.) To be. *•* 

And tell en we srhulen of Ysay, 

Tliat us lolde trvw ely 

A cliild ther is i-l)urfii tons, 

And a sone i-|[i\cti its 

Wiios nonie sdiul i-ncmpnrd &c«tn 

Wonderful, as ntc iuhv i-scoh. 

Feruom Jf5, i?«JW«i, U^^^^ 

Beoth, prest, t, of beon,, ^^J 
are;is. " 


Digitized by VjOOQIC | 





BtOTm2itprep.{A.''S.) Without 
CspiNCH, V. To pinch all over. 

AsoBcvi the mt, wu » good fritov devill, 
2m cki'd in Idnds^ nose he did bo erill, 
KnoYn? bj the uaaie of Bohin (U VS 

Atd time bb ejrcs m broad M nveen 

W'lo rnme anightt, and vould maka 

t' clcBiie, 
Aad in the hrd b-pinek a \ntie qarane. 
Jtaxlarndt, Knates of Spades, 4x^ lCi3. 

BnauARKK, t. B sharp. An old 

musical term. 

(2) 9. A bemr. 

(3) ». A bier. 

Kow frends^rhip avid 56 Tande 
Of air Pli'hy jovru Jcrc, 

To hriii^ ;ow out of band. 
Or ;e be broght on bertt. 

(A) part, p. Carried. 

(5) ». The space a person runs in 

order 10 leap with impetus. North. 
BEa.ArRYNOE, ». A drinking term* 

Khff Edward and the Shepherd^ 

Hartthome^ p. 48. 
Bkrand, part. a. (I) Rushing; 


(2) Bearing. 
Berandtlks, s. Thenameofadish 

in ancient cookery. 

For to make hermmdyUa. Nvm heniiTa, 
and ■ecli hem wytli wxl bofj and whan 
hi beo BodTn. nym tlie hrunvn, and do 
a«ey the* buoys, and bray siual yn a 
mortar, and temper yt «yth ihe broth, 
and aeth yt tliorw- a ciikJore. and rasi 
thereto powder t>f s^yngeryr, and augar, 
and gmynya of powniys-grriiaiya, and 
boyle vt* sbd drecae y t in dytehra ; and 
caat a}x>Te clov^a, gylorres, and macea, 
aad god povder ; aervc yt forih. 

WameTt Jjitiq. CtiHm.^ p. 40. 

BsftA8CAi,,«. Toabiise like a rascal. 
Bkratk, 0. To scoid. 
Bkrattle, v. To rattle. 
Bbraysd, jMr/. j7. (1) Arrayed; 


(2) Dirtied. 
Ukraine, ». To wet with rain ; to 


BsRBnut. The barberry. 
BxaBiNE, «. Ttie verbena. Kent, 
Beecel, *| 

BERSREL, «. (y^.-iV. beTfOuU,) 

BBRTEL, y A mark to shoot at. 

BY8SBLLE, I pTOmpt* PttTP, 

Bercblets, 9.pL Ilouoda. See 

Bebcrn, «. The barton of a house. 

Bbrchb, adj. Made of iron. 
Berd, t. A beard. 
Berdash, 8. A neck-cloth ? 

I baTo prepared a treatiae againat tbt 
cravat and htrdatk, which L am tobl la 
not ill done. Onardian, Ko. 10. 

Berdb, «. (1) Margin; brink. 


(2) A lady. See Bird. 
Berb, (1) a. {J.'S.) A noise; b 

roar; aery. 

(2) V. (J.'S.) To make a noise. 

(3) a. A pillow-case. See PiUoia- 

(4) V. To hear; to carry. 

(5) V. To bear ; to produce 

(6) a. A bear. 

(7) r. To bear upon ; to accuse. 
Bere-bao, a. One who hears a bag. 
Be REDE, V. {A.-S.) To advise. 
Bere-franke, jr. A wooden cage 

to keep a bear or boar in. 3/o- 
naatic Letter*, p. 269. 

Brrex, v. To bear. See Bere. 

Berent, v. To rent ; to tear. 

Bkretta, a. A kind of hood worn 
by priests. Hall, Satires, iv, 7. 

BerfreYi a. A moveable tower. 

Beroer, a. (Pr.) A term in hair- 

A herger, ia a little lock, plain, with a 
pud' larnin;; up hkuthe ancient l'ushi<>u 
used by aliephenlosaca. 

Ladj/'s JHcUouaty, 169^. 

Bbrgbbrt, a. {A.'N.) A sort of 

song. Chaucer. 
Bergh, a. A hilL Yorksh. 
Be ROOM A 8 K, a. A name for a rustic 

dancei taken from Bergamasco, 

d by Google 




the people of vhich were ri- 
diculed for being more clownish 
than any other people in Italy; 
they were on this acconnt made 
the types of all the Italian buf- 

Bekhrgor, 8. Beer-aigre. 

Bbriallbs, ». Beryls. 

Berib, 9. A grove ; a shady place. 

The cell « cliRppcll had on th' cast erne side, 
Upon the vesier eide a grove or berir. 

Orl. Fur., xli, 67. 

Beribl, f. (1) A burial. 

(2) A tomb; a grave. 
Bbrino, a. The lap. 

AI so he lay in slcpe by iivght. 
Him ihoughte a goshaukWith gret flyght 
Steieth on his be>yng. 
And yenith, and aprad abrod his wyngyn. 
K. AliMunder, \. 4S4-. 

Berino-casb, «. A portable casket. 
Bbringe-lbpe, 8. A basket. Fr, P. 
BERI8FE, V, To disturb. 
Bkrkb, v. To bark. 
Berlin, #. The name of a kind of 
coach in use at the beginning of 
the eighteenth century, so called 
from being first used in the l^rus- 
sian capital. 
Beware of Lotin Authors nil ! 

Kor think your verses sterling. 
Though with a ^Iden pen you scrawl, 
And scribble in a berim. " Swift. 

Berlina, 8. A pillory. B, Jonson, 
Berlt, aty. Barry, an heraldic 

Bermk, (1) r. (>^.-S.) To foam. 

^2) 8. Foam ; froth. 

(3) f. Yeast ; barm. 
Behmen, «. Bar-men; porters to 

a kitchen. 
Two dayea tlier fnstindc he yede. 
That noQ t'orhisw-erkwolde'hini fede; 
Tlie thridde day herdc Ijk c.ille ; 
"Bermm, bermm, liider forth mIIcI" 
Uacelok, L 868. 

Bkrmootheb, «. The Bermudas. 

Bermudas, 8. A cant term for 
certain obscure and intricate 
alleys in Loudon, in which per- 

sons lodged who had occasion to 
live cheap or concealed; called 
also the Streighta. They are 
supposed to have been the nar- 
row passages north of the Strand, 
near Covent-garden. 

Meercmft. Engine, when did von see 

Hy cunsin £verhill? keeps lie atiil year 

In the BermutUis. 

En0. Yea, sir, he was writing 

Thu moruing very hard. 

B. Jotu., 2>etit an Asa, ii, 1. 

Bermudaa also denoted a species 
of tobacco; probably brought 

Where being furnished with tinder. 
BUI toll, and a portion of decayed Bar- 
moodaa, they siuoiike it most tcrriblT, 
Cmut't Whiuu., p. iS5. 

Bern, (1) #. {A.-S. beom.) A nnan ; 
a knight ; a noble. 
(2)8.(A..S.) A child. 

(3) 8, A barn. 
Bernaglr, *. A gag for a horse. 
Bernbrs, 8. Men who stood with 

relays in Ininiing; the men who 
fed the hounds. 

Bbrowne, adj. Round about. 
Bbrribr, 8. A thrasher. North. 
Berry, (1) a. A gooseberrv. 

To thrash corn. North. 

A rabbit-burrow. 

A nanic s- hollers went tostenle conies, 
and by the M-ny they wara'd a uorice 
among them to make' no noise fur fenre 
of skarriug the conies awav. A< last he 
espying some, s<ud aloud in Uuine: 
"jSccc cuniculi niuJli;" and with that 
the conies ranne into their berric* 
Wherewith his fellowes offended nnd 
chyding him therefore, he said. *• Who 
(the dcvUI) would have thought that 
conies understood Latinc." 
Copley's WiU, r%U, and Fiincin, 1614. 

(4) 8. A herd of conies. 

(5) *. A flood. 

Crdseia tTdegve, a suddaine showre, h 
atomie, a tempest, a blustrinjr. a b<Try 
or flaw of many niudes or siurniea lo- 
getiicr, bringing viulent sliowrea of 
Wiitcr. Florid. 


d by Google 




(6) t. A borough. 
Bkrskbl, «. A mu'k to shoot at. 

Sec B€t'C€tm 

BnsELST, «. A kind of bow ? 
Bbrst, (1) pregt, i. of bere, 

(2) preL /. of kreke. Broke. 

(3) #. (^.-5.) iDJuiy. 

The leredi, aore adrad witlulk. 
Ladde Beve» into the faalle. 
And of eTorichc aoode, 
ThAt Itim rom to Iionde, 
A dide hire ett nhhcrfent. 
That the ne dcde him no bents 
And driake fent of the via. 
That no poiaonn wai thcrin. 

Bn0$ qfJiMwUotm, p. 75. 

Bkrt, 0)v. To penpire. North. 

(2) at^. Bright. 
Berufpianise, v. To abuie like a 

Beecngb, 9. A burial. 
BaawE, «. A shadow. %tt Berowt, 
Bebwe, V ,^^^v j^ ^^^^^ 

BEETS, J ^ ^ 

Berwhau, ». A horse-collar. 

Bebyll. t. Apparently some rope 

belonging to a ship. Caeke LoreU 

let Bote, p. 12. 
Bbbyne,#. A child. MorteArthwre. 
Berysb, 9. Berries. 
BRBY5T,/»re«. /. of here. Beareth. 
Berje, t. A meant ; a hill. 
]itui,pre9. t of be. 
Besaob, 9. {A.'N.) A bed carried 

by horses, called be9age Aort^t. 
Besagut, t. {J.'N,) A two-edged 

Besant, 9. A gold coin, so called 

becanae first coined at Byzan- 

tiom. Its value seems to have 

Taried from ten to twenty sols. 
Bescattbr, v. To scatter over. 
Bescbadb, v. To shadow. 
Bbbcornbd, adj. Despised. 
Bbscbatche, 9. To scratch. 
Bescbo, v. To beshrew. 
Bescommeb, Iv. To acattcr oi- 
BEscuJf BEBy / dure. 

▼hieh werkine titnmflr vith 
The conceit of the puiieat, «ouid niaka 

tbent brjcummer 
To th' hr>eiit »f a michtr pnrpitinn. 

B. 4- n., tmr Hmd of Ike Jum, w. 

A critic that all the world b^ntmifn 
With MUncal hanoara and lynral nnm- 
bcra. Jout., FoeUster^ act t. 

Bebe, V, To see; to behold; to 

see to ; to take care. 
Beseee, v. To lieseech. 
Beseem E« v. To seem ; to appear. 
Bebene, port. p. Clad ; adorned. 
Besenys, 9. Business. 
BEBETfpart,p. Placed ; employed ; 

BEaHAEE, V. To shake roughly. 

The ronntry frllow by the flat did fake him, 

And in plaiiie rustick'e awnnrr did beMhake 

him. BMcUnd*, KuneofSpmde*, ICiS. 

Berhabp, 9. To make haste. 
Var. dial. 

'BKsHF.T,part.p. Shut lip. 

Beshine, p. To give Ught to. 

BE8H0TE,/yar/./>. Dirtied. Lane. 

Beshradde, part. p. Cut into 

Besbrbwe. 9. (A.'S.) To curse. 

BziiDKt prep. By the side of. 

Bebidery, 9. A kind of baking- 
pear. Ker9ey. 

Besjeqeh* pcnrt. p. An astrologi- 
cal term applied to a planet when 
b(»tween the bodies of two male, 

Besien, 9. To busy ; to trouble. 

Bebight, 9. {J.'S.) Scandal ; of- 

Be8I8HiP| 9. Activity. 

Besit, 9. To suit; to become. 

Be8Kyi«te, part. p. Thrust off; 
shifted off. 

Beslabber, \ 9. To slobber one- 
beslobbeb, J self. 

BESLOMEREDy part. p. Dirtied. 
Pier9 PL 

Beslurry, 9. To smear; to de- 
file. Drayton. 

Besue, 9. A besom. Pr. P. 

d by Google 




Besmirch, v. To soil ; to daub ; 

to smear. Shakesp. 
Besmoterbo, part. p. Smuilged. 

But he ne wm nought gny. 
Of fustran he wered n gepoun. 
Ail bytinotfrud, wiih hia linbunreoun. 
Ckaueer, C. T^ I 70- 

Besmudoe, 9. To soil or blacken 

with dirt or soot. 
Besmut, v. (A.'S. betmytan.) To 

soil, or blacken with smut. 
Bernow, v. {A.-S. beftniwan.) To 

scatter over like snow; to whiten. 
Bbso, conj. So be it. Matmdevile* 
JiEROVTE, pret. L Besought. 
Bescgnio, «. {Ital.) A beggar. 
Besore, v. To vex; to annoy. 
Bcsort, (1) r. To suit ; to fit. 

(2) g. Attendance; society. 

Besparaoe, v. To disparage. 

Yet nm 1 not mniinBt it. that theie men 
by their mechaniotll trades should come 
to bc9paratfg ircnilemeu and cbuff-heHded 

Nuh's Pieret PamiUue^ 159S. 

Brspai7L, r. To daub with spittle. 

Bkspelt, pari. p. Bewitched ; mis- 
chievous, without being vicious. 

Brspeken, 9. To speak to; to 

Besperplbd, jvar/. /». Sprinkled. 

Be-spoke, part. p. Uewitched. 

Besprenged, )part. p. Besprin- 
besprent, j kied. 

And found the 8prin<;inz jfrnss with blood 
httpremt. I'uirjax** Ta*$o, p. 191. 

Brspurt, V. To spurt; to cast 

BBsauiTE, 9. Biscuit. 
Bbssen, 9. {A.'N. bauser.) To 

stoop Leic. 
BESdOMK, r. (^.-5. bencimmaiu) 

To swim ; to sail. 
Bessy, a. A female bedlamite. See 

Bkst, a. (A,'N.) An animal; a 

Bestab, V, To stab all over. 

With all my heart Tie spend a crown« at 

i\\ siine 
To n.eete the rascali in nij dish aeaine s 
I would beilnb his skin hko double cutx. 

Borland*, Kttase of Clubha, 1611. 

Bbstad, a. (A.'S.) Circumstanced ; 
beset; provided. 

Sum •on5te thayre maystnra, sann hit 

thnym that day. 
Sum ran lierc and there, h'ke men that 

were madde. 
Sum were rysht hery and harde bsstadde, 
Rypht bcsy'jn thayri* wittcs away lo icoo, 
All was for the beht. oure Lorde w oltl it, 

■liulde be so I MS. Bibl. Reg., 1? D. xt. 

BE8TARRBD,/>ar/. p. Covefed with 

Bestial, a. {A.-N.) Cattle. 
Bestially, adv. Beastly. 
Bestiate, v. To make like a beast. 
Bestly, adv. Belonging to a 

beast. Chaucer, 

Tliey find as bad beato§ na is their portage 

Warner** Albions Bnglamd^ 1592. 

Bestow, v. (1) To lay up; to stow 
away. East. 

(2) To commit suicide. Lino. 

(3) To deliver a woman. 
Bestract, 1 adj. Mad ; dis 

BESTRAUOHT, J tracted. 
Bestud, r. To ornament x^itU 

Beswieb, v. (A.'S. beswicanJ) To 

betray; to deceive; to cheat* 
Besy, adj. Busy. 

Besyttvn. To set in order. />,-. p 
Bet, (I) a^. {A.-S.) Belter. 

(2) part, p. Beaten. 

(3) part. p. Bettered ; improved. 
(iSpret. t. for behet. Promised. 
(5) Go bet, go along, an oM 
hunting cry, often u»ed in a more 
general sense. 

Brtake, v. (A.'S.) To give 5 to 

iiitru&t to. See Betecbe. 
Betalr, 9. To tell; to give an 

account. Drayton. 
Betars, f. A word used in the 

accounts of the proctors of the 

d by Google 




church of St. Gilet, Oxford, for ao 
article used at the festival of that 
saint, which has lieen a subject of 
some discussion, and is sup|M)sed 
to mean bitters, or bitter herbi 
dried. lo the earlier half of the 
16tb cent, there is a regular 
charge in the pari&h accouut«i of 
7d, tor a pound of be tan or bet- 
ters. One of these iiejits seems 
to throw soroe light on the sub- 
ject: "Comp. 1540. It. for a 
pound of Judas betars Id J* Ano. 
ther item occurs occasionally, not 
only in these accounts, hut in 
those of other churches, " for a 
pound of betan for Judas light." 
This item, coupled with others, 
for " wax for the dedication day, 
20<f." — " for a pound of wax at 
dedication day" — **for 4 pound 
of wax at S. Gyles tyde 2t. 6</." 
— " It, for gress (jrease) at the 
dedication day," &c., has led to 
the supposition that the beiars 
were mixed with combustible 
matter, to cause a smell in burn- 
ing. See, however, Betyng- 

BiTAFrERED, odj, Bresscd in rag- 
ged clothes. 

Betaughte, pret. p. of beteehe. 
Gave to. 

BxTAYNB, a. {J.-N.) The herb 

Beta w DEB, v. To dress gaudily. 

Go, fct Te iiorae, and trick and hetmwier 
yoonelf up hke » right city lady. 

Mr*. B^iu, dtp Ueireu, 1638 

Betb, (1) V. (>^.-&) To amend ; to 
heal ; to abate. " Bete my hale," 
bring me relief frum my misfor- 

(2) To light or kindle a fire; to 
administer fuel. 

(3) iA.'S.) To prepare ; to make 

(4) a. Help; assistance. SHnner. 

(5) r. ( J..5-) To beat. 

(6J V. To walk up and down. 

{7) pari. p. Bit. 

(8) a. A black-beetle. Devon, 
Betkcbs, r. {A.'S. beieean,) To 

give; to intrust to; to deliver 

Betbem, o. To bestow ; afford ; aU 

iow ; deign. 

Yet conld he not htteeme 
Tbr shape of an; otiirr bird limn rnvlr U,i 

to ternie. GoUtny's (hid I/ilampk. 

And poore heart twere not wifhtny in 

vaine) 1 coutd bctermt her a belt r 

match, tlian thus t» tee a diamond 

buried in searoale-aithci. 

Ca»e i$ alter' d. Dram. Dialogue, 103S. 

Tlierrfore the Cretan people mneh esteemed 

And cal'd him God on cartk /or his rare 


Hurh honor he rrceiT'd which thtyieUem'd 

And in their populer judareinents held it fit 
Tu lairn'' liiiii mirrheaud inscnce, lor lijcy 

(Irriu'd him 
'Wurtliv alone amongst the Gods to ait 
JJcyneood'i Grtat Britai$ui Trap, 1CC9. 

BiTBL, a. A hammer. 

Bktkllb, 9, {A.'S.) To deceive; 

to mislead. 
BRTKVf part. p. Beaten; worked; 

Betbndino, prfp. Concerning; 

relating to. Yorksh. 
liETH, pres. t. of ben. Be; are. 

^^'"' \adj. 


Bethekys, prep. Betwixt. 
Bethink, (1) 9. (^.-^.) To grudge. 

(2) To recollect. NoriJL 
Betmkal, v. To enthral. 
BETHUixT,^e/i. Betwixt. 
The prest Uketh that iike child 

In his hund n bythnixU, 
And seilh, Icli ne crislin thei oaujt, 
jef thuu ert i-ci ist ned. 

WMiam dc Skjreham. 

.Beth WINS, a. The wild clematis. 

Betide, v. (A.-S.) To happen. 

Betined, a4^'. Hedged about, /er- 

Betle, ad;.Soft ; fitted for cultiva- 
tion ; applied to land. North. 


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Bktoatled, adj. Imbecile ; stupid. 

Brtokb, pret. of beteche. Gave. 

Betossed, adj. Troubled. 

BETOusEf V. To drag about. 

Betraitor, V, To call one traitor. 

Qetrappb, v. To entrap; to en- 

Betrash. \^fA,^N.) To be. 

DETRAISB, \^^^„ 

Betrax, «. A bretcsche, or bat- 
tlement. Pr. P. 

Betrayn B, /;ar/. /. Betrayed; de- 

Bbtraysshe, r. To go about the 
streets of a town. Palsgrave, 

Betrbd, pari, p. Prevailed ; con- 

BKTRBiNT,/7ar/. /7. Sprinkled. 

Hetrim, V, To adorn ; to deck. 

iBT80, 9. The smallest coin cur- 
rent in Venice, worth about a 

AndM'hat most I giro yon? 
Bra. At a \rord thirty livres, I'll not 
bate you a helso. Antiquary^ O. Pl.^ x. 47. 

Bett, ». To pare the turf with a 
breast-plough. Herefordsh. 

Bettaxb, $. A pickaxe. Devon. 

BBTTB,fl<(;. (1) Good. //er^or<2vA. 
(2) Better. 

Bettee, 8. An instrument used 
by thieves to wrench doors open. 

BisTTELYNGiss, «. BattUngs ; bat- 
tles. Latimer. 

Better, adj. More. Var. diaL 
" Shee has now gotten the better 
way of him/' f. e., beat him in 

Bbttbr-cheap, 9. A better bar- 
gain; cheaper. 

Bettermost, 9uperL of better. 

Bbtternbss, 9, Superior. North. 

Bltty-tit, 9. The titmouse. S^f' 

Betwan, 9. An open wicker bot- 
tle or strainer, put over the vent- 
hole in brewing to prevent the 

grains of malt passing through. 

Betwattled, adj. Confounded ; 

stupified; troubled in mind. 
Betwit, v. To taunt ; to upbraid. 
Betwixen, prep. Between. 
Betyno-candle, 8. A candle 

made of resin and pitch. Shar^^t 

Cov. Myst., p. 187. 
Betynge, 8. A rod, any iMslninaent 

of ' unishment. Pr. P. 
B^vm.adj. Buff. 
Bkvbu (I) 9. A sloped surface in 


(2)8;. To cut an an "^c. 

(3) 9. {J.~N.) A v.oient push 
or stroke. North. 

(4) 9. A kind of square used bv 
masons and carpenters. Col- 

Bevbr, (1) 9. (A.-N.) An inter- 
mediate refreshment between 
breakfast and dinner; any re- 
freshment taken between the re- 
gular meals. See Beaver. 
Appetitut. Your gnllHnts never np, 
breakfiiat, nor hner without me. 

Ungna, 0. PL, r. 148. 
Ho is none of those same ordinary 
eaten, that will devour three lirfsik- 
fasts, and as many dmners, witliout luiv 
prejudice to thctV berers, drinlcings, or 
suppers. B. 4'FL, Worn. Hater, i, 3. 
(2) V. (perhaps from A.^S. 
bifian.) To tremble ; to quiver. 

Beverachb, 9. (A.'N.) Drink; 

Beverage,*. {A.-N.) (1) The same 
as bever. 

(2) Reward; consequence. Rob, 

(3) A composition of cider, wa- 
ter, and spice. Devon. See 

Bbver-ke.v, 9. A cant term for a 
drinking house. 

Is tlie top of the sliire, 
or tl>e better ken, 
A mnn auion>; men. 

WiU Becreat'ums, 164S. 
BbvisHjO. To fall headlong. North, 





to possess ; to govern, 

BsTT, #. (J.-X.) A company; 
a term properly applied to dif- 
ferent sorts of game, as roebucks, 
quails, and plieas«tnts. An old 
MS., perbaps out of compli- 
ment, speaks of "a bevey of 

Bewails, v. To caose, or compass. 

ia vlien a ship that flycs fayre wider 

in\ le 
All II uden rocke escaped hath unvar<^, 
Tluii lay in waite ber wrack for to heraite. 
Spau^ F. C-. 1. vi, 1. 

BcwApBD. part. p. Astonished. 

S<% Afchopt. 
BrvARED, part, p. Expended. 
Bewb, (1) «. To bow ; to obey. 

(2) 8, Drink ; liquor. 
Bewbd.v. Towed. 
l)Ew«LD, yv.{A.'S.) To wield; 


or sway. 

Tlie whiche alialde seme to be tnte, for 
•0 muck as this Efuivalyu was of irnifiil 
«ee to irveU« bis landi'Vben Ins latlier 
dved. FabioH^s CkronieU, p. \iA. 

^KWEyDED,part.p» Turned at>out. 
BcwapB, V. To weep for; to 

Bewxs, a. Bonglis. 
Bkwkt, adj. Wet ; moist. 
Bewbt^, a. Beauty. 
Bswglb, a. A bull. Hampah* 
Bewhisper, v. To whisper. 
Bewits, a. The leathers with which 

the bells were fastened to the 

legs of a hawk. 
Bewivbr,©. To bewilder. Devon, 
Bewly, adj. Shining; having a 

lustre. Warw. 
BEwoND,/Mrr/.^. (J.-S.) Imposed 

npon ; embarrassed. 
Bawoao, r. {ji.'S.) To become. 

UTee muadl all wbat vonld hereof beword. 
Tkynn^i DebaU, p. 61. 

BcwRAP, V. To wrap up. 

Bewray, ^ 

BKWRCT, (1) ». (A.-S.) To 

BKWRiK, }- betray; to disco- 


(2) r. To defile with ordure. 

Bewrbckt, part, p. ^Viecked, 

Beurought, part, p. Wrought ; 

Bewte8B» 8. Civilities; cere- 

Bex, a. The beak of a bird. Norf. 

Bey, (I) ».{A.'i>.) An ornaweut 
of the |)erson. See Heigh, 

(2) prei, t. Bowed. 

The wolf bfjf adoun his brett, 
And gun tu aikeii Imi tic and atron^e. 
Itrliq. Jiiliq . u, ;276. 

(3) a. An ox. 

And as CMncernyng hryf, all ffate hey$, 
exreple a vm Jlt-we lor the ho«BC, be 
Biild, niid myck of the atttf of ItuwihotU 
is comcyd awry. 

Ji/iuutie Lettrrt, p. lol. 

(4) a. A bov. Pr. Parv, 
Bkye, (1) 9. To aby ; to atone for. 

(2) V. To buy. 

(3) adj. Both. 

(4) a. A bee. 

>'or the flyet tliat are Bbmrte the trtter 
ol' K'^ipic, and for the bey ft iu the 
A»ii-iaus londe. 

Coperdale'i Bible, £sa^, cli. rH. 

Beyetb, (1) V, To beget; pro- 

Ye sire, heo scide, be seint Knterin, 
Yi( halvciidcl the rlitid were ihyii. 

Then niiht ve gliutiii>s 9co. 
B^inie, he seiJc, how is tliHl? 
H\» lut ttot myn that icli h^-^atf 

Ko, sire, i-wi«, scth hen. 

Ktfng of Tart, J. 7R6. 

(2) j: An obtaining; gaining; 


('S) part. p. Begotten. 
Beyghed, p£trt. p. Bowed. 
Bbykb, v. (I) To lieek ; to warm. 

(2) To stretch. Pr. P, 
Beyn, adj. Pliant, flexible. Pr. P. 
Beyne, adv. Quickly ; readily. 
Beynesse, adj. Lively; quick. 

Bkytk, a. (1) A sharper. North. 

(2) A bait ; a snare. 
Bbz. Be; is. 
Bkz ANTLER, t, Thc sccood autlcf 

of a stag. 

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Bezonian, Is. (from Tlal be- 
BKSsoGNE, J soffno, or besogiioto.) 
A beggar. Shaketp. 

What Bexonian is ttiut ? 
Middleton't Blurt Matter Constable. 
Beat tlifl besaoytus that lie hid in tlie 

Brome, Cav. Card, weeded, act v, 8C. S. 

Bezzle, 1 «. {A.'N.) To drink to 
BiZLB, J excess. 

'Sfoot, I wonder how tlie inside of a 
tavern lifoks nuw. Oh! wlieu shall 1 
bizUf biele ? Honest Whore, part ii. 

That divine part is soakt nuiiy in sinne, 
la sensusil lunt, and niuiiiigliC bfzeting. 
Marston, Scourge of ¥., lAb. li. ikit. 7. 

Bezzlk, », The slanting side of the 
edge of an edged tool. Norf, 
(2) «. A drunkard. 

Oh me! what odds there scemeth 'twixc 
ilicir cheer 

And the twulu heztU at an alchnnse fire. 

BalVs Satires, v, S. 

Bezzlsd, adj. Turned, blunted, as 
the edge of a tool. Suffolk. 

Bi, 8. {A,'S, by, bye.) A town or 

Balder bem was non in hi. 
Hia name was hotcn sir Gii. 

<?y qf Warwtke, p. S67. 

BiACON-WRED, «. The plant goose- 
foot. Vortet. 

BiALACoiL, ». {A.'N.) Courteout 

Bias, 1 (I) adv, {Fr. biais.) In 
BiAZ, J a sloping manner. 

(2) 8. A slope, **byaa of an hose, 

(3) ». A gaiter. 

BiAT, (1) 8. {Fr. biaut.) A leather 
strap ovei the shoulders, used by 
miners to draw the produce to 
the shaft. 

(2) '*A kind of British course 
garment or jacket worne loose 
oyer other apparrell." Cotgrave. 

Bib, 1(1) r. {from Lat. bibo.) 
BiBBE, J To drink ; to tipple. 

Tliere gneth a pretie Jeast of a notable 
drunkard of .SyrMCuaa, whose manner 
was, when he went into the taverue to 

drinke, for to laye eertaine egpes in the 
earth ; and cover them with muuld : ami 
he noiild nut rise, nor give over bib- 
biug, tiii the whole wer hnirhcd. 

Holland's Pliuy, i, 299. 

The muses bacely bo;rre, or 6iMr, or both. 
Warner's .itbioHsJi\,laHd,\hy-2. 

(2) 8. A ^h, gadus barbatus. 

(3) 8. A child's pinafore. 

(4) 8, A piece of clotli attached 
to an apron to protect the upper 
part of a dress. 

BiBDED. adj. Drunk. Chaucer. 
BiDBELER, 8, One who drinks 

I pcrreive you are no pre -t kybter (I. e., 

rciuler of the bihic), Piisipliilo. 

Pas. Yos, sir, an exrclliut good bib- 

beUr, 'speciiilly in a bottle. 

Oasemgn^s Works, aign. C. 1. 

BiBBER, (1)». A drinker. 

(2) V. To tremble. Kent. 
BiBBLE, V. (1) To drink ; to tipple. 

(2) V. To eat like a duck, gather- 

ing its food from water, and 

taking up both together. 
BiBBLK-BABBLB,«. Idle talk. 
BiBBRiDGB, 8. A forfcit or fee in 


He 18 a passionate lorer of morning, 
dmuirhts, whicli he generally continui-s 
till dinner-time; a ri^id cxncrvror'imni- 
rrnata and oolLctor- general uf foys and 
liberidge. He admires the prudence ot 
thai apothegm, "Jeta drink firAt:**nuil 
wouUl rather sell SO per cent, to Luss 
than make a dry bHrgnin. 


BiBLB, 8. Any great book. Hie 
most remarkable superstition con- 
nected with the Bible, ia the 
method of divination by Bible 
and key, described in the Athe- 
nian Oracle, i, 425, as follows: 

A Bible having a kcT fastened in tb« 
middle, and living held between the two 
forefingers of two persona, will turn 
round after some worda said : as, if one 
desires to find out a thief, a certain 
verse taken out of a psalm is to be re. 
peated, and those who are suspectrd 
nominated, and if they are gniUj^ the 
book and key will turn, else not. 

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Itn ftitl practised in Lancxshire bv 
voung women who want to learn 
who will be their husbands. 

BiBLER-CATCH. «. ( A COSTIIption of 

biUfoqnet.) The game of cup and 

ball. Sorthttmpt. 
BiBLC-cf.KRKtiHip, $. An ancient 

Khobrship in the UinTer»ities, 

for a student who was lo read the 

Bible at nieal-times. 
BfBLiN, a. A voang bird nearly 

fledged. Leiceti. 
BicACHE, V. {A.-S.) To dereive. 

Pret, t. and part, p., bicaugM^ 

BiCAKE, 9. A poor kind of grape. 
Blcas, adv. By chance. 
^icnAKRin. part. p. {A.'S,) Over- 
turned ; deceived. 
Bichaunte, v. To enchant. 
Bichb, c. a kind of fur, the skin 

of the female deer. 
BicaBu.BONBs, a. Dice. Chaucer, 
BicHE-soNE, «. Son of a bitch. A 

terra of reproach. 
Bice, 9. A wooden bottle or cask 

to cany beer to the harvest fields. 

Bicker, (1) v. (^.-S.) To fight; 

to quarrel. 

(2) V. To clatter; to hasten. 

(3) a. A short race. North. 

(4) 9. A small wooden dish 
made of staves and hoops like a 
tub. AVM. 

(5) 9. A beaker or gambler glass. 


BicKORN, 9. An anvil with a 
Wckcm, or beak-iron. 

BjcLEPT, part. p. Enibrtced. 

BicuFPE, iv. (A.'S.) To em- 

BicLuppE, Jbrace. 

BiCLo»E. V. To enclose. 

BicoLLE, 9. To blacken. 

BicoRKED, adj. Double-horneil. 

Bib, 1 r {A.-S. biddmi) (1) To 

BiOBE, J invite. See 3/a//Aeii7,xxii, 

9, "as many as ye sbaH find, bid 

to the marriage." Still used in 

the Nortli, esppcially with re- 
ference to an invitation to a 
funeral, which is termed a bid. 
dmg. Two or four people, callt d 
bidder9» are sent alM>ui to invitti 
the friends, and distribute the 

(2) To pray. North. To bid the 
bead9f originally, to lay pray, 
ers; afterwards, merely to ctnint 
the Ijeads of the rt^sary; each 
bead dropped passing fur a 

(3)' To entreat. 
(4) adj. Both. Skhmer, 

Bid- A LB, 9. The invitation of 
friends to drink at the house of 
some poor man, In hope of a 
cliaritahle distribution for his re- 
lief; sometimes with a view of 
making a collection for a portiou- 
less bride. 

Bid AWE, V. (A.-S.) To dawn. 

BiDcocK, 9. The water-rail. Dray- 

Biddable, adj. Obedient; trac- 
table. North. 

Bidder, a. A petitioner. 

BiDDiBB-NiB, t. A term of en- 

Jella. why frown'st thouP Say, sweet 

Hut hnrt thj foote with trriu1m|^ Inte 

awiy ? Ztantff, Samnjt of folly , 1611. 

BiDDiNO PRATER, «. The prayer 

for the souls of benefactors in 

popish times. 
Biddy, a. (1) A louse. North* 

(2) A chicken. 
B1DDT-BA8E, a. Prisoner's base. 

Biddy's-btes, 9. The pansy. So- 

BiDE,r.(^.-5 AiV/fl«)(l) To dwell; 

to abide. 

(2) To wait ; to endure. 

\Z) for bidde. To require. North. 
BiDELVE, V. {A -S.) To bnry. 
BiDENE, adv. Immediately. See 


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BiDE-owB, V. To 1)6 punished, or 

suffer punishment. Kennett An 

old Norfolk word. 
Bidet, ». (Fr.) A small horse. 
Bid-hook, «. A hook belonging to 

a boat. 
BiDowE, #. (A.'N.) A weapon 

carried by the side, supposed to 

be a sort of lance. 

A bidotoe or a baselnrd 
He berith be his side. 

Fieri Plottffkman, p. B40. 

BiDRAVELBN, «. (A.'S,) To slob- 

ber ; to slaver. 
Bid-stand, ». A highwayman. 

BiE, (1) V. {A.^S.) To suffer; to 

*^bide. See Abeye, 

{2) prep. With. 

(3) #. A bracelet. Stee Beigh, 
Biel, 8. Shelter. North. 
BiELDE, V. To dwell; to inhabit. 

See Beide. 
BiENFAiT, 8. (A.'N.) A benefit. 
BiBNVBNu, ». (A.'N.) A welcome. 
BiBR, 8. The Redeemer. Sec Ay- 

BiER-BALK, 8. The church road 

for bjirials, along which the 

corpse was carried. 
BiEBD, 8. A lady. See Bird. 
tiiBRNE, 8. A man ; a noble. See 

BiKST, 8. A small protuberance, 

especially on the stem of trees. 

Suffolk, ' 
BiFPEAD, *. A blockhead. Ldc, 
BiFPiN, *. A sort of apple, pecu- 
liar to Norfolk, sometimes called 

beaufin ; but beefin is said to be 

the true name, from its resem* 

blance to a piece of raw beef. 
BiFOLD, part. p. Folded. 
BiFOLK, V. To make a fool of. 
BiFOREN, jortf^. (A.'S.) Before, 
BiFORifED, «4;. ilai.) Double 

BiQf (l) V. {A.'S.) TobuUd. 

Ne\'ertlicle«9e some clironicles report o 
That Irelnniall iheir capitayn had to nume. 
By whom it was so biffgrd. 

Hardyng*$ Ckromeie, f. xxx. 

(2) V. To remain ; to continue. 

(3) #. A kind of barley. 

(4) Big-and-.big^ very large, full 
big. Somer8€t. 

BlOATB, I (^^^x 3j j^^ 
ELGETE, J ^ •' 

Bio-ENO, 8. The greater part. 
BiOBRNYN. {A.'SJJ To ensnare. 
JiiG'TREstn,adJ. Very tipsy. North. 

BiGGATNB, 8. A nUU. PolSff. 

BiooE, (1) V. To buy. Weber. 

(2) f. A pap; a teat. Estex. 

UsuiUly applied to a cow. 

(3 ) «. A name for the hare. Reliq, 

BiGGEN, V. (\) To enlarge. 

(2) V. To begin. 

(3) V. To rise after an accouche- 
ment. North. 

(4) 8. A kind of close cap, which 
bound the forehead strongly, used 
for new-born children^ to assist 
nature in closing the sutures of 
the skull. Shakespeare seems to 
use the word for any coarse kind 
of night-cap. Abiggenjorbiffffin, 
appears to have been part of the 
dress of barristers- at- law. Ken- 
nett describes it as "a cap with 
two long ears worn by young 
children and girls." 

Upon his head he wore a filthr course 
biffffin, and next it a {j^mish of night- 
caps, witJi a sage batten cap of the 
forme of a cowsheard, orersprcd rerie 
orderly. Nash, Pierce PensUUu. 

Ah sir (said he, turning towards the 

rntlenmn) will you perswade me then 
could shew any kiudnesse to this old 
higgiiCd ape f Don't you see she has 
nothing in her but what's capable to 
strangle love and iiigendrr hate? 

> iTiWory ^froMcion, 16oS. 

BiGOBB, 8. (A.'S.) A builder. 

BioHEs, 8. Jewels. Ea8t. " She is 
all in her bigh€8 to-day," L e., 
best humour, best graces, &c 
Set Beigh, 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 




BiSBT. «. (^..iSL) A bend, tbe 
bend of the dbow ; a bend in a 
river, Ac. Anything folded or 
donbied. Still osed in Cheshire. 

Ib tiM Iwff of tke anne also 
Aaotjr liTs tint OMt b« undo. 

BiofNG, 9. A building. 

jovre Uffta^«9r Mil mea brenie, 
Aid bfdw tovie v«lkt obouL 


BieimoLv* «. A girdle worn roond 

the loins ; a parse. 
Biciar, m^\ Girded. 
BioLT, mdj, (1) Loudly; deeply; 

boldly ; stroDgly. 

A aveete yonth. mo donbt, for ho hath 
tiro rooeo on hia ahoea. to qnalifle the 
heat of hk feete ; he looketh very biglf, 
and eooBmeCh vrtoDdnc in. 

(2) ad;. Agreeable; delightfoL 

BiOKiNG, 9. Bnlarging. 

BrooLD,a. Chrysanthemom. G^€rartf. 

BiGOKKn, pmrL p. Gone; de- 

BicaAODB, jtT€i» t. (^.-5.) La- 

BiOKATn, part. p. (1) EngraTed. 
(2) Buried. 

BioaTPa, V. To seize; to indude. 

BiHALVB. V. (^.-5.) To divide into 
two parts. 

BiHWDm. Ipart.p. Beheaded. 

BiHSLYE, a. Behalf. 

BiHBsT, f*. {J.S.) To promise. 

BUught^ promised. 
BiHKWB, 9. To hew to pieces. 
BiHOTB, V. {A.'S.) To promise. 
BijBK,Ala. Truly. Yorktk. 
Bica, #. A nest, especislly of wild 

bees or wasps. 
BiucHa, V. (^.-5.) To deoeive. 
BiKBD,;»rvl. /. Fought. 
BiKXNKKN, V. {A,^) To commit 

to. ^ttBeiMiime. 
BiKBax, (1) 9, {ji,^&) To skir- 

mish ; to light ; to quarrel. 

(2)«. AquaneL 

BiKNoWKN, V. {J.»S.) To know ; 
to recognize ; to acknowledge. 

BiL, $. A fish of the cod kind. Aik, 

BiLAB, part p» ci bilede* Brought. 

BiLANDza, t. A small ship, of 
about eighty tons burthen. 

BxLAPPBD, part, p. Wnpped up ; 

BiLASH, 9. To (log. 

BiLAYB, 9. (for M/f9e.) To remain. 

BiLATB» 9. To besiege. 

BiLBBBRita, «. Tbe 9accMJiiiii 
myrtUhUf or viiU idma, la 
Staffordshire, Derbyshire, Che- 
shire, and most of the Northern 
counties, they sre called wkartle^ 
herrieti elsewhere kurilM'berrie$, 
blaek-worttt and wmd-herriM; 
but, in Cumberland, AVestmore- 
land, and Lancsshire, they retain 
the older name of blae» or bka^ 
b€rrit9t from the colour of their 
berries, which are livid, or a 
bluish black. Perhaps bil is a 
mere corruption of bUa, 

BiLBo, 9, A Spanish sword, so 
named from Bilboa, where choice 
swords were made. A swords- 
man was sometimes termed a 

BiLBOcATCH, «. A bilboqnet. The 
tov generally known ss eup end 
baU. Ea9t. 

BiLBOBs, 9. Stocks used at sea for 
the purpose of punishing of- 
BiLcocK, f. The wtter-rail. North, 
BiLD, «. (A,'S,) A building; a 

BiLOER, 9. (I) A long-htndled 
mallet for breaking dods. North. 
(2) 9. A builder. 
BiLOBBs, 9. A kind of water- 

BiLB,«. (1)(^..5.) Aboil. 

(2) GuUe. 
BxLBDB, 9. To lead sboot. 
BiLKF, adv. Quickly ; suddenly. 

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BiLKT, #. A willow plantation. 

BiT.KVB, V, (^.-5.) (1) To remain ; 
to Btay. 

I know what if the peyne of deth, 

Which hum I Mb, fWr he ■• mighte 

bgUM. Chaucer, Cant. 7.. 1. 10^5. 

(2) To leave ; to quit. 

Hie imale addrra, of whichewe ipatke, 
Weren Mived att a lake. 

r. Jlimm^er, 1. 6310. 

BiLOK, tr. To indent. Somen, 

BiLiBKB, ». {Lai.) Two pounds. 

BiLiD.ff^^*. Mad; distracted. Somen, 

BiLiMB, V. To deprive of limbs. 

BiLiNOi e. The whole number. 
E»sex, See Boiling. 

BiLiTHB, e. An image. Ventegan, 

BiLivB, «. {A,-S,) Belief. 

Bilk, (1) v. To cheat; to defraud. 
(2)t. Nothing. An old cant term. 

Bill, *. (1) {A.^N.) A pike or hal- 
hcrt, formerly carried by the 
English infantrj, and afterwards 
the usual weapon of watchmen. 

(2) (A,'N,) A letter; a petition, 
or paper of almost any kind. 

(3) A promontorr. 
BiLLABLB, «. Liable to haTing a 

bill preferred by law. 

BiLLAMCNTS, 9, Oiiaments, espe- 
cially of a woman's head or neck. 

BiLLARD, «. A bastard capon. Su$$, 

BiLLBDB jtrei, i. Built. 

And the day afore the Wnge ichiilde 
"icnya ' 

hare comrne to the archei , 
the aeid maaere of Moore,' whii 
laide archebiiahoppe hade pitrdiaiahed 
and b^lUds it ryithte comodiosly and 
pleaauntly, the kynj^ send a gentylman 
to the ieioe archebirahoppe. 

Warkwortk^s Ckromd». 

BiLLBT, t. (1) {Fr.) A piece of 
wood chopped into the length con- 
venient for firewood. In North- 
araptonshire the term is applied 
to cuttings of sallow for planting 
osier beds. 

i2) A stick, or cudgel. 
3) The g^me of tip-oat. Ihrhftk, 

(4) A small bundle of hal^ 
threshed com. ITfs/. 

(5) The coal-isb. 
BrLLBTiNGS, #. The ordore of the 


Billing, t. Working. YoritA. 

BiLLiirGSOATB, 9. A fish-markct in 
London, proverbial for the coarsa 
language of its frequenters; so 
that low abuse is often termed 
talking BiUmgegaie. 

BtKiigt wae fbnueriy a gale, Ihen^k 
now rather portm than f frte, being the 
prime landing (»laee and ntarket for unae 
aea rommoditiea. Vow, although as 
fuhionaMe people lire here aa else«-hera 
in the City, yet inneh mde folk repair 
thithrr, lo tfint one may term thia the 
Esculine gate of London, from thedraaae 
and drega of the baser people flocking 
hither. Here one may hear tin^nas 
jurgatrices; yea, shrewd words are aome- 
times improred into imari blows be- 
tween them. I doubt not« but that 
Borne, Venice, Parit, and all populous 
cities, have their BilUngtfat* langnn«re. 

in those placea where rude people make 
their renOeivous. FuUer^t WbrtAu9. 

In short, if you would please a Raaainn 
with- fltnaiek, feet a conaort of Billing^' 
gate nightinffolet, which, joyn'd with a 
flight of screech owls, a nest of jackdaws, 
a pack of huogry woWcs, eeven hogs in 
a windy day, and aa many eau with 
their oorrivala, and let them ainf^ La- 
eryma, and that will rarish a pair of 
BMsaian lugga better than oU the mnsick 
in Italy, licht svres in France, morehea 
in £uglana,or the eigs of Scotlnnd. 

PraeU SUttt of Russia, 1071- 

BiLLiNSOATRT.f. Cosrsc language. 

After a great deal »t BilUnfispmify against 
poets. Bevuurks upon Remarqurs^ 1673. 

BiLLUAN, #• (1) A maa who cuts 


(2) A soldier armed with a HU, 
BiLLT, 9. (1) A bull. M'iffJkt. 

(2) A bundle of wticat-straw. 

(3) A brother, or young fellow ; 
a term of eadeirment. North, 

(4) Removal, or flying off; a term 
nsed by hwn at marbles. 

BiLLY.«nTBB» a. The black-cap. 

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BirxT-FKATRKKPon,#. Thelong- 

tailed tit. North. 
BiLLT.wix, t. An OWL Etut, 
BiLOKB, part. p. Fastened ; locked. 
BiLowB, V, (A.^S.) To bend ; to 

BfLTKB, #. The water.nif. North. 
BiLTTK, #. (A.'S.) Food. 
BiM.BoM . ( 1) t. The sound of bells. 

(2) «. Cobwebs. SomerBet. 
BtMRBT.a<f». Byandbj. Somertet. 
BiHBLOB, 9. (ji.'S.) To sperit of 

a thing. 

Auae, Ood the foncUfl. 

Bote oo that thon me nout Kmdd^. 

Wri0hCM Jnccd. Lit., p. 8. 

BiiiBNB, 9. {A.^. bwHunuok.) To 
hment} to pity; to bemonn. 
Part, p., hinunt, bemoaned. 
PrH. t., bmtmie, mourned, hu 

Bin. (1) Been. 
(2) nJv. Bemg^ in the sense of 
became. ''Why dessant stud 
«p?" *'.Stisescint." Dewm. 

Biim, 9. (1) Any indurated argiUa. 
ceous sabstauice. A mining term. 

(2) A eertahi nnmbet of eels; 
according to Kcnnett, two han- 
dred and fiftv. 

(3) A bop-stalk. SmUk. 

(4) Anything that binds. Eatt. 

Btif]M»Bx,«. Bock-wheal. 

Bi3n>-»ATs^ «. Days on wbieh ten- 
ants were bomd to reap their 
lord's com ftt harrest^time. 

BiNniHo, «. (1) A hazel rod or 
thorn, used lor bindaig the bedge^ 
tops. North. 
(2) The tiring of ft hawk. 

BufotKo^BAHo, #. A ^rdto. 

(^intnze. A giidle^ or Vm^-btmdi a 
iprtli. WmmclaUfr, U8S. 

Bninmo.B«AH-TBXB,#. Tbebla^- 


BiKDiHo-covmBB, #. The topeourse 
•f bay before it is boand on tbe 
cvtwUbaiope. North* 

BnrmM«.i>Ay, 1 #. Th« M* 

BiKDrNo-TVBSDAT, J cond Tttes- 
day after Easter. 
B1N0.WBBD, «. The wild ceiiTol- 

BiNB, \9. The sUIk ofthehop- 
BTNB^/plant. Seei?tMf. In Cam- 
bridgeshire» aceording to Cam* 
dSra't BrUaimm, malt was caUed 

BiNBTHBN./mji. Beneath. 
BiNo, (1) e. To begin to turn Mmr, 
said of milk. Chesh, 

(2) adv. Away. Decker. 

(3) V. To go. A cant term. 

(4) «. A saperior kind ol lead. 

(5) «. A bin. 

Bin OB, V. To soak a vesiel in water 

to (yreventita leaking. Lme.Leie. 

It is also used in the sense of to 

soak, generally. 
BiNOBB, ad;. Tipsy, Lme. 
B1M0.8TBAD, 8, Thef plade where 

ore is deposited in tbe fumaoe. 

It was also termed kmg-ptaeot 

and hmg^hoU. 
BiNiMB, V. (A.'S.) To take away. 
BiKK, «. A bench. North. ** The binh 

of a coal-pit," the subterraneous 

vaolt in a mine. 
BiNNB, adv. iA.'S.bhuutn.) Within. 
BiNNiCK, #. A minnow. Somert. 
BiNSTBAD, «. A bay in a bam for 

housing com. Northampt. 

BiPABTBD, \adj. {Lat. b^trti- 

BrpABTiTBD, j tut.) Farted in two. 

or Quintiii Bunista hia father't Aird son. 

As if ono tree bara two bonglis, none bs- 

So thoa doat all thinga in tvoparta divido. 
ir aU thing elM thovld KmartU*d be. 
What of thj faiiiera gooda would come lo 
ttee f OiH»*9 Mpifrmmt, 1«77. 

BiovAflBRBiv, #. (^.-^ift) To crush 
to pieces. 

BntAiM, Ifpr^, t. othhre^e* Be^ 


BiimettiNo*LANB. " To Mnd a per- 
son to HreM^4ane," a>proterbial 
pbraie for ordering hiA to bd 

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B»D, '\i.(ji.'S,) A lady. Avery 
BURD, >coinruoa word in early 
BRiD, J English poetry. 

Biro, (1) «. The pupil of the eye. 

(2) $. Any pet animal. Kent. 

(3) t. Bread. Exmoor. 
BiRD-BATTiNOt 9. A method of 

catching birds at night with a 

net and light. 
BiRD-BOLT, «. (I) A short thick 

arrow with a broad flat end, used 

to kill birds without piercing. 

(2) The burbot. 
Bird-boy, t. A boy who drives 

birds from the corn. 
Bird-call, t. A small whistle used 

to imitate the call of birds. 
Birdbr, 9. (1) A bird-catcher. 


(2) The wild cat. 
BiRD-BYBD, adf. Near-sighted. 
BiRDiNO, 9. Bird-catching. 
Bird- KNAPPING, t. Frightening 

away birds from com by noise. 

Devon, It is termed bird-keeping 

in Northamptonshire. 
BiRD'9-BTB,t.(l) Germanderspeed- 


(2) Some kind of cloth. 

1666, May U. To church, it being Whit- 
Sunday; my wife very fine in a new 
yellow Hr^iHft hood, u the futhion is 
now. Pepyt' Diarg. 

BiRDs'-ifBAT, 9. Haws. Somertet. 
BiRDSNiBs, 9, A term of endear- 

Dont talk to a body so; I cannot hold 

oat if thou doat, my eyes will run over, 

poor fool, poor birdmies, pofir lambkin I 

Olwap, SoUm'M Fortwu, 1681. 

BiRD-TBNTiNG, #. Watchiug the 

birds to drive them away from 

the corn. 
BiRB, 9. (A,'S.) A stall; a cow. 

BiREDr . (1) V. {A,^S,) To coaniel. 

{2) part, p, Buaed. 
BiRBLAT, t. {A.'N.) A virelay. 

Perhaps a mere clerical enor^ 

BiRBPB, V, To bind. 
BiRKVB, V. To bereave. 
BiRBWB, V. (A,-S.) To roe. 
BiRPUL, a4f. Roaring. 
BiROAND, \t, A sort of wild 


BiRQB, 9, A bridge. Northampt* 

BiRiBL, 9. Burial; also, a grave. 

Birr, 9. A birch-tree. North. 

BiRL, 9, A rattling noise. Norths 

BiRLADY. By our Lady. North, 

BiRLB, V. (1) (J.'S,) To pour out ; 
to draw wine. 
(2) To powder; to spangle. 

BiRLBR, 9. The master of the revels 
at a bidding-wedding in Cumber* 
land, one of whose duties ia to 
superintend the refreshments. 

BiRLET, t. {Fr, bouHet.) A band 
for a lady's head. 

BiRNT, 9, {A,'S,) A cuirass, or coat 
of maiL 

Birr, t. {A.'S.) Force; impetoa; 
a rapid whirling motion. North. 

BiRRBT, 8, A hood. Skinner, 

B1R8B, t. A bristle. North. 

B1R8EL. tr. To roast, or to broiL 

BiRT, 8, A kind of turbot. *' B^te 
fysbe, rhombne." Hnioet. 

Birth, t. A place ; a station. 

BiRTHDOM, t. Birthright. 

BiRTB-woRT, 8. The aristolochia. 
The English and Greek names I 
have the same signification (the | 
latter from dptora rait Xbxotff 
i, e., good for women in child- 

BiRTLB, (1) aJff. Brittle. Eoit. 
(2) t. A summer apple. Yoriah. 

BiRYB, t. {A,'S,) A dty, or town. 

B18, 8, (1) (^.-M) A silk of fine 
texture, generally described with 
the epithet jncf7>fe. "Purple and 
bis" are sometimes mentioned 
separately, but the former is then 
probably used as the name of a 

Girt Windaore Castle roonde. AsonlsMr 
Under a canapie of crynaon Jycw, 



^a«M with goldmd tptvithiilTerbeli, 
Tmt aweellie diijiied, and loldae haUe a- 

FteU^M Btnor gf tht Gvter, 1593. 

(2) A black or dark grey colour. 
Bmats, 1 r. {A,'S.) To see fit ; 

BTmoHB, J thiuk fit. 
BiscAK, t. A finger.gloTe. Devon. 
BiscHXDB, V. To overflow. 
^\%cuwT, part, p. Shut up. 
BiscHTNB, V. To shine upon. 
Biscoms, adv. Immediately. 
BtscoT, t. {J.-S.) A fine imposed 

on the owners of marsh lands for 

not keeping them in repair. 
BiscoTiK, t. (/v.) A confection 

made of flour, sugar, marmalade, 

eggs, and other ingredients. 
BitcTiT, #. A plain cake as distin- 

goisbed from a richerone. Suttex, 
B»B, V. (^..5.) To look about. 
Bmeggxx, «. {a.'S.) To reproach. 
BisBKBX, \v, {A,'S,) To be- 
BisBCBEN, j seech. 
BisBLBT, t. A carpenter's tool. 
BisBMBN, r. {A.'S.) To appear. 
BisBK, adj. Blind. See Bime. 
BisEKDB, V. {A^S.) To send to. 
Bi«BTTEN, V, To place ; to set. 
BisGBB, a. A short'handled mat- 

tock, to serve for a pickaxe and 

axe. We9i. 
BisHRBWX, V. (A.-S.) To curse. 

BlSRETTB, V. To shut Up. 

BiSROP, (1} #. A kind of punch 
made of roasted oranges, lemons, 
and wine. The name is said to 
have been derived from a custom 
in old times of regaling bishops 
with spiced vrine, when they 
visited the University. Its cha- 
ruter is given in the following 

Tlireecnpi of this apradent man may take ; 
Tlve first of these for constitation'B take, 
Va weood to the lata he loves the beet, 
Stt third and hwt to loll him to his rest. 

(2) a. A popular name for a lady- 

(3) 9. To make artificial marks 

213 BI8 

on a horse's tooth, in order to 
deceive buyers as to its age. 

(4) V. To confirm. Biahcpphig, 

Wsnne the bissebop Ustekaptth the, 
Tokene of marke he set to the. 


(5) a. A pinafore or bib. Warw. 

(6) V, To water the balls, a term 
among printers. 

(7) t. "That firy round in a 
burning candle called ihtbi$k€p." 

BiSHop'o MILK, a. Milk that is 
burned in the boiling, whence it 
acquires a particular taste. In 
Staffordshire it is called griet*d 
or grew'd milk. In many parts, 
especially in Shropshire and Che- 
shire, when milk is burned, in- 
stead of saying " it i$ bithcp^d,'* 
the phrase is, "the bishop has 
set his foot in it." 

Blesee Cisley, good mistriss, that huiop 

doth ban. 
For buriiiiiy the milk of her eheeee to the 

pen. Tiu$er's HuthMdry. 

When a thinge speadeth not veil, wt 
borove speech and saye. llie byukop* 
hath blessed it, because that nothinira 
speadeth well that they medyll withnll. 
If the podeche be banned to, or the 
neate over rosled, we saye, The byuhopt 
hath put his fot« in the potie. or The 
kyukopt playd the coke, because the 
byshopes Durn who tbei lust and who- 
soever diepleaseth them. 
T^ndAU, OMienee cfa Ckrutm Man, 1635. 

BisHOp's-piNOBR, a. A guide-post. 
BianopawoRT, a. (^..&) A plant, 

a species of earum. 
BiaiB, adj. (A.-S.) Busy. 
BisiLKB, t. Some kind of silk. 

**Birilke the groce conteyning 

xii. dossen peces, x.a." Rates rf 

Cuetome Houte, 1545. 
BisiTTBN, V. To beset. 
Bisk, (1) «. A term at tennis, a 

stroke allowed to the weaker 

party to equalise the players. 

Car. I am for you at tennis. 
Prigff. 1 ■ ... - 


Prigg. I'll give you a buk at Longs for ten 
ShadweH, Tnu WuUm, 1679. 


BIS 214 


(2) V. To erase. 

This was at length, complained off: and 
he was forced to beg pardon upon his 
knees at the eounril table, and scud them 
[the books] back again to the king's 
kitchen to be bisfd, as 1 think the word 
is ; that is. to be rab'd over with an inky 

CaUmy, Juount ofMimsten efteted. 

(3) t. Broth made by mixing 
aeveral kindi of flesh. 

BisKY, 1 A biscuit. West 


Bum ABE, 1 •. {J.-S, bUmer.) In- 
BI8MERE, J famy ; disgrace; con- 
or cbidynge and of chalangyiige 
Was his chief liflode, 
With bakbitynee and Hsnure, 
Andberyuge of fals wiinesse. 

Pi«r# FM. 3649. 

BiSMB, #. {J.-N.) An abyss; a pit. 
BiSNB, (1)#. (A,-S, biten,) A blind 


(2) #. (A.'S. bym,) An example. 
BisNBwio, part, p. Covered with 

BiSNiNO, «. Beestings. 
BisoGNio. See Bezoman, 
BisoKNE, ». Delay; sloth. Bob. 

Bison, 9. A bull. 
BisPBKB, ». (1) To speak, to ac- 

(2) Toeounsel. 
BisPEL, ». (1) {A.'S.) A term of 

reproach. Cumb, 

(2) A natural child. 
BiBPKREN, i;. {A.'S.) To lock up. 
BispRENGDB, par/./). Sprinkled. 
Biss, *. (^.-iV.) A hind. 
BiSHADEWB, V. To shade over. 
BisssN. Art not. fVett, 
BissTN, Iv. To lull children to 

BYSjYNE, J sleep. Prompt, P. 
BisT. Thou art ; art thou ? West. 
BisTANDB, V. {A.'S.) To stand 

by or near. 
BiSTBRB. r. To bestir. 
BisTOCKTE, «. A stock of provi- 

sions laid by. 
BisTBETB, a4i' Scattered. 

BiswiNKBN,v. Tokbourb«rd. • 
BiSYBEB, t. (A.'S.) Buaiuess; 

Bit, (\) pret. t. Biddeth. 

(2) t. The lower end of a poker. 
It is also used as a verb, to put a 
new end to a poker. West. 

(3) t. The nick of time. North. 
BiTAiBTt, pret. t. otbitake. Gave. 
BiTAKB, V. (A.'S.) To give; to 

commit to. 

Bitch, «. (1) A term of reproach, 
given more especially to the 
female companion of a vagrant. 
The term *• byche-clowtc" is 
applied to a woitliless woman, io 
the Gov. Myst., p. 218. 
(2) A miner's tool for boring. 

BiTCH-DAUQHTEB, «. The nigfat- 
mare. Yorksh. 

BiTE.(l) To bite the ear, was onoe 
an expression of endearment. 
Ben Jonson has biting the nose 
in a similar sense. 7b bite the 
thumb at a person, was an in- 
sult; the thumb in this action 
represented a/^, and the whole 
was equivalent to giving the 
fieoy a relic of an obscene gesture. 

— Dags and pistols 1 
To Hte his thumb at me 1 

— Wear I a sword 
To see men bite their thumbs/ 

Randolph, Muu^ L, Glau, O. Fl., ix, 990. 

Tis no less disrespectful to bite thtnail 
of your thumb, by way of scorn and 
aisdain. and drawing your nail firom 
between your teeth, to tell them you 
value not this what they can do. 

BuUs of Civility, 1878. 

(2) 9. (A.'S.) To drink. 

Was therinne no page so lite. 
That everewolde ale bite. 

Ma»elok, mi. 

(3) 8. The hold which the short 
end of a lever has upon the thing 
to be lifted. 

(4) V. To smart. 

(5) To cheat. 

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Preach afluiiit vrarr. that art of Itlti^- 

BrrsL, t. A large wooden hammer 
used in splitting wood. Beri$, 

BrrHBNKB, V. (J.'S.) To co»- 
trire. PreL t., bttkouffhi. 

BiT&KNT, adj. Twisted. 

BnT» 9. An instrtment used in 

blasting in mines. .Vor/A. 
BiTTs, (1) #. The ited part of 

an axe. 

{2)pret.t.olbidde. Bad. 
BiTTKaBUM p, «. The bittern. Ltme, 
BimasisNT,a. Arbitrement. /£ey- 

wood, 1556. 
BiTTBa.8irKKT, !«. A sort of 
BiTrBB-awxxTTNo, j apple. 

For al mehe tjrne of love is lore. 

And like mto the bUUr-tweU ; 

For Oioiigb it thinks a man tynA fvete. 

He dMl vel felea, at laste, 

Tkatit is sower, and ouie Bot laata. 

' T.ed.U54kf.l74. 

Aj vit Is a Tcry HtUr-tweefmg; it is a 
aoit iharp lauce. SkaJtttf^ Mam^ %^. 

^What Sb diapleasora gone t 
And left me wneh a hUter-*w$«t to mm 

BiTTKa.6WKVT, s. The wood night- 
shade. Germrd. 
^TTTtMwiTLfadJ. Sorrowful. Ckatte, 
BiTTLiir, #. A milk-bowl. 
BnroN, s. A bittern. 

Stack with ostrife, craaca, pamts, 
Kitaw, eoeket, and capons feathera. 
JXmL i$iwem the Cap i- the Hat, 1666. 

Brrru,«<fo. (A,~S.) Bitterly. 

BimrwBLP, adv. Headlong. Be^, 

Brrv, t. A twin lamb. Twin lambs 
are still called bipt lambs on the 
borders of Sussex and Kent. 

BiWAKB, tr. To watch ; to guard. 

BiWAUf.o. To warn. 

BrwKNTE, pret. t. Turned about. 

BiWBTB, ©. (1) {A.S.) To cofcr. 
(2) To weave; to work. 

BiwiccBB, at. To bewitch. 

BiwiHNm, •. {A,'S,) To win; to 

BfwiTS,9. {A,S,) To know. 
Biwops, p&rt, p. Fall of tMn \ 

BiwoRPB, •. {A S) To cast 
BiwBBTB, V. To betray. 
BiYETB, a. To beget. 
fiizoir, #. A term of reproach. 

Bizz, a. To bun. North. 
BizzBN-BLnvD, B4f. PurbUad. 

Bi;b, o. To boy. 
Bi BTB, s. {A.'S.) Gain. 
Bi-fUHDBvjmjp. Beyond. 
Blaa, a. Biocu Still «ced in 

BLAANBO,B4r. Half-dried. YoHtoh. 
Blaat, 9. To bkat. Nortkampi. 
Blab, s. An indiscreet chatterer. 

Cacquetenr. habillard, Imqnenasdier. 
barard. A Ue*. a Imiclonfiie : one that 
teUeth whaUocTcr he heareih. 


Th* ATTe't davghtcr Eceho, haantiBf 

wooot amoDK. 
A UoA that will not (eaanot) keep bar 

Who never asks, b«t one J]r answers all. 
Who lets not aaj her in rain to calL 


Blabbbb, tr. (1) To talk idly. 

(2) To loll out the tongue. 

Tomocke anybody by UMofimg oat the 
tonfoe it Uie part of waghaltert and lemd 
boyea, not of well mannered children. 

(3) To whistle to a horM. 
Blabbbr-lifped, odj. Having 

thick tips. SeeBM»«randBAi^. 

Black^o^^'. Mischievous; malig- 
nant ; unpropitious. 

Black-almain, «. A kind of 

Blackamoob, s. (1) A negro. 

The Moore aoe plcaa'd this new-made en^ 

press* eie. 
That Blie consented to him seeretlye 
For to abuse her husband's marriage bed : 
And soe in time, a Uojckamare she bred. 

F§rqf, Belipuit i, SSt. 

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(2) The bull-null when in full 

bloom. Wight. 
Blackamoor's beauty, $, The 

sweet BCtbtous. Somertei. 
Black and blub. The common 

phrase for a bruise of the flesh. 

But the miller*! men did so bMte hit 
bones, and so soundly bethwsck'd him, 
that they made him both black and blw 
with their strokes. Babtltu*, i. 3M. 

Black and whitb. Writing or 

Careful III let nothing paase without 
good blaek a$td white. 

Jaeh Dntm's BnUrtainmeMt, a. 1. 

Black-a-vizbd, ocgf. Darkincom- 
plexioD. North, 

Black-bass, 9. A measure of coa 1 
lying upon the flatstone. Shropth, 

Blackbbbbibs, t. Black-currants. 

Blackbbrbt-scmmbb, ». Fine 
weather experienced at the end 
of September and beginning of 
October, when the blackberries 
ripen. Hanq>9. 

Black-bbss, t. A beetle. Shropth, 
In Berkshire, a black-bob; in 
Yorkshire, a blaei-clocJt; and in 
Cornwall, a blaci-worm. 

Black-bitch, t, A gun. North. 

Black-blbos,«. Bramble-berries. 

Blackbowwowbrs, #. Blackber- 
ries. North, On Michaelmas- 
day, the deril puts his foot on 
the blackberries, according to 
the general belief of the common 
people. In truth, after this day 
they are seldom to be found 

Blackbbown, adj. Brunette. 

Black-bug, t. A hobgoblin. 

Black-buribd, adj. In infernum 
missus. Skinner. 

Black-bubniko SHAifB, and a 
** burning shame," are everyday 
expressions. Northampt. 

Black cap, «. The loxiapyrrhula, 
or bulfinch. lone. In Cumberland, 

this name is giTen to the mota^ 
ciUa aaUearia, sedge bird, reed 
fauvette, English mock-bird, or 
lesser reed sparrow; in Nor- 
thamptonshire, to the greater 

Black-cattlb, 9. Homed cattle, 
including oxen, bulls, and cows. 

Black-clock, t. The cockroach 
{blatta orietUaUs). 

Black-coat, ». A familiar term 
for a clergyman, as a red-coat is 
for a soldier. 

Black-ckoss-dat, 9. St. Mark's 
day, April 25. 

Blackkybd-sus AN, t. A well pud- 
ding, with plums in it. Su»9ex. 

BLACK-rASTiNG, t. Rigid fasting. 
North. It is believed among the 
peasantry in Northumberiand to 
be dangerous to meet a witch in 
a morning ** btaek-futing." 

Black pbathbbs. Large black 
feathers were fashionablein mea*s 
hats about 1596. 

But he doth scriousl j bethinke him whether 
Of the gul'd people he bee mure esteem'd. 
For his long cluake or for hts grfai bUck* 
fealher. Sir J. Dans, Epigr. 4?. 

BLACK-rooT,«.(l) One who attends 
on a courting expedition, to bribe 
the servant, make friends with 
the sister, or put any friend off 
his guard. North. 
(2) The name of a bird. 

}Mel«mpnt, Ovid. ftcXoMvow, nigripes. 

NomemeUtor, l&as. 

Black-f&ost, t. Frost without 

Black-gbas6,«. The fox-tail grass. 

Black-guabd, 9. Originally a 
jocular name given to the lowest 
menials of the court, the carriers 
of coals and wood, turnspits, and 
labourers in the scuUery, who all 
followed the court in its pro- 
gresses. Hence arose the modem 
acceptation of the word. 

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Ear majatj, by mne mmmm I knov 
Mt, iru lodged si his howe, EwtUm, 
faxTc nnmeet for ber hixhnea, but fitter 
kKtktbUckM garde. 

Lod^MJUtutrmiiomSt ii,188. 
Win joo kaoir the oomiHuiioiM of my 
>mnirT? I vm akme unouee a eoub- 
■ * • BoTUie 

fall of vomen, and thoM of the clreton 
dutdeMe chamber fonooth. whtch yoa 
voold have aaid to bare been of the 
Uaekrfuard. MoHtm'aUinermnf. 

Tboogfa fooie of them are inferior to 
thoae of their ova ranke, m the Mecfo 
^iier;^ in a prince's ooart. 

Bmiom^ Jmrntomy cfMti, 

Blackhead, «. A boiL Wett. 

Black-hkaded-pbgot, #. The 
reed-banting. Leie. 

Blackino, #. A kind of pudding, 
perhaps a blood-puddingy men- 
tioned in the 17th cent, aa made 
in Derbyshire. 

Black-jack, «. (1) A large lea- 
ther can, used for beer. 
There's a Dead-aea of drink i'th' cellar, 
is which soodly vessels Ue irreck'd ; and 
iBihemtuidle of this deinge, ajtpear the 
tops of flagons and Uaek jacks, Lke 
dourdies drovn'd i' th' marshes. 


HoDoar is a slippery thing, yet simie 
persons will oooie to great preferment : 
« to ieii:n lole King of tlie Pots and 
Block' Jacks, Prince of the Spigot, Count 
Palatine of clean Straw and Fro^-nnt, and 
Lord Hich Begent of Bashers of the 
Coals. Poor £0M».174«« 

(2) A small black caterpillar 
which feeds on turnips. 

(3) Solphuret of zinc, as found 
in the mines. Derhifth. 

Black-jack, la. A kind of 
slack-jsku- y greens. North- 
SAL » MS, J ampt, 

Black-lad-monbat, #. Easter 
Monday, so called from a custom 
on that day at Ashton-under- 
Lyne, termed riding the black 

Blackmack, ». A blackbird. 

Black-ocskl, 8. A blackbird. 

Black-mkn, #. Fictitious men, 
enumerated in mustering an 
srmy, or in demanding coin and 

Black-mowdat, #. (I) Easter 
Monday ; so called from the se- 
verity of that day, April 14, 1360, 
when many of Edward Ill's soU 
diers, then before Paris, died of 
the cold. 

(2) The schoolboy's term for the 
first Monday after the holidays. 

Black-monbt, «. Money taken 
by the serrants, with their mas* 
ter's knowledge, for abstaining 
from enfordng coin and livery in 
certain places, to the prejudice of 


8, A man who condemns every- 
thing and accuses everybody, 
cutting off the roost innocent 
indulgence, as Presbyterians are 
suppmed to have done. North, 

Black-neb, a. The carrion-crow. 

Black ox. The black ox hot trod 
on hi$ foot, a proverbial phrase, 
meaning worn with age, and 
sometimes with care. 

She was a pretie wench, when Jvno 
wss a young wife, now crowes foote is 
on her eye, and tkt Umck og« hath trod 
on htrfoot. Lgl9, Sappho ^ Ph., it, 1 . 

1%4 Nacke as# had not trod on bis or 
ber foote. Hejfw. <m ToUuham. 

Black-polss. #. Poles in a copse 
which have remained after one or 
two falls of underwood. Hertf. 

Black-pot, ». Blackpudding. So- 

Blacks, a. Mourning. 

Black's Toua eye. They shall 
not say block it your eye—that 
is, they shall not find any accu- 
sation against you. Wanley, VoJt 
Dei, 1658, p. 85, speaking of St. 
Paul's having said ** that he was, 
touching the righteousnesse 
which is in the law, blamelesse," 
observes upon it, "No man 
could say (as the proverb hath 
it) black wu his ego," 

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I can my blacl^t your 4y«, though it be 

prey J 
I Uh\ e conniv'd at this your friend, nnd 

you. Jt. and Fl., Lome's Cure, n\, 1. 

He i% the rery jivitice o' peace of the 
play, and ran commit whom he will, 
and wliMt he will, error, absurdity, a« 
the toy takes him, and no man any 
black is his fye.but biunh at liini. 

B. Jons., Staple of Jfewe, 1st interm. 

Black-sanctvs, t. A hurlesqae 
hymn performed with discordant 
and strange noises ; any extreme 
or horrible din. 

Thither wee came, whereat the entrie 
wee heare a confuaed noise (like a 
blacke saneius, or n house haunted with 
spirits), such hollowing, shouting, 
dauucing, and clinking of pots, that 
sure now wre suppos'd wee had found, 
for all this revelling could not bo with- 
out Mounsieur Mony liad beene on of 
the crew. 

Sotoley, Searekfcr Mimeg, 1609. 

And npon this there was a generall 
mourning through all Koroe : the cardi- 
nals wept, the abbots howled, the monks 
rored, the fryers cried, the nnns pnled, 
the curtizans lamented, the bels rans, 
and the tupers were lighted, that such 
a bladte sa*etiu was not seene a long 
time afiore in Borne. 

Tarlton, News otU o/Purff.t 1690. 

Blacksap, t. The jaundice in an 
advanced stage. Eatt, 

Black-saturday, t. (1) The first 
Saturday after the old Twelfth 
day, \%hen a fair is annually 
held at Skipton. York$h. 
(2) In Northamptonshire, when 
a labourer has anticipated his 
wages, and has none to receive 
at the end of the week, they call 
it a black Saturday. 

Black-sculls, s. Soldiers with 
skullcaps on their heads. 

Black-shobs, 9, Shoe-blacks, or 
men who formerly attended in 
the streets for the purpose of 
blacking the shoes or boots of 
any passengers who required it. 
This was a common practice in 
London at the commencement 
of the present century. 

Black-spicb, #. Blackberries. 

BLAca-suNDAY,«. Passion Sunday. 
Blackthorn, «. The sloe tree. 

Spinut A blaeke tkome tree: a sloe 
tree: a snag tree. NoaundatOTt l&Bo 

Blackthorn-chats, 9. The young 
shoots of blackthorn, when they 
have been cut down to the root. 

Blackthorn-wintbr, 8. Cold 
weather experienced at the end 
of April and beginning of May, 
when the blackthorn is in blos- 

Black-tin, «. Tin ore ready for 

Black-wad, «. Manganese in its 
natural state. Derbyk. 

Black-water, «. Phlegm or black 
bile on the stomach, a disease in 
sheep. Yorkih, 

Black-witch, ». A maleficent 

According to the vulgar conceit, dis- 
tinction 18 nsuully made between the 
¥}kit8 and Uie black witch; the good 
and the bad witch. The bad witeA they 
are wont to call him or her that workes 
malefice or uiischiefe to the bodies of 
men or beasts; the oood witch tliry 
count him or her that nelps to revcsile, 
prevent, or remove the same. Gea^. 

Black worm,«. The black beetle. 

Blacksaunt, 9. (corrupted from 

black ionetm,) Any confused or 

hideous noise. 
Bladdbr-headbd, adj. Stupid. 
Bladders, «. (1) {^i.-S. bUfdra.) 

Little rising blisters of the skin. 

(2) The air bubbles in bread. 

Petite vescie du pain. A bladder or 
little swelling bump rising in the crnst nf 
a bfe of bread. KomancUUor, l&bj. 

(3) The kernels of wheat affected 
by the smut. Ea»t. 

Blade, (1) v. To trim plants or 
hedges. Skropth. It is an old 
word, for it occurs in the Prompt. 
Parv., " bladyne herbys, or take 
away the bladys, detirto.** 

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(2)#. A brisk, mettlesome, iliirp, 
keen, and active young man. 

Ib 1667. Sunnel GwreU. mm to Draald, 
n. rillsn beiofve the bnrne, bnried SSih 
of May. iBT ffodson /and a stout Nsde) 
^ • dunnd B« 

yet died. 

i Bobinton beug Uien 

/UOoti'^ Tomr totkti.qf Mam. 

▲sd u he came to Noittnghaa, 

A tinker he did meet. 
And acHnjE him a Inaty Uade, 

He did him kindly greet. 

(3) V. To iUde it, to play the 
blade, to go about vauotingfy. 
Bladbd-lkkk, t. A iund of leek. 
Petit porrean, porrette, dvette. The 
wnet leeke: maiden leekea: Um4€d 
leekt*. yoHUMcUlcr, U85. 

Bladb8» a. (1) The principal laft- 
en of a roof. 

(2) The shafts of a cart. South. 

(3) **BUuie9 or yame wyndles, 
so instrumente of hoswyfery, 
prgiibur HuloeL 

BLADxsifiTHy #. A maker of 

Bladgb, #. A low woman. Line. 

Bladiek, #. An engrosser of com. 

BLAX-BBuiTy 9, The bilberry. 

Blsc, t. {j4.'S.) The grease taken 
off the cart-wbeeh or ends of 
the aile-tree, kept till dry, and 
then made in balls, with which 
the tailors ptb and blacken their 
thresd. GiTen by Kennett as a 
Yorkshire word. 

BLAprooaoB. A person with any 
defect in his speech. Pr. P, 

Blain, (1) V. {A,'N,) To blanch ; 
to whiten. North* 

(2) a. (A.'S,) A boil ; an emp- 
tion. '^iUsyntf orwhealke. Pa- 
fula.** Huloet. 

Blakb, (1) a^. (ji^S,) Bleak; 
cold; naked. North. 
{2)v. To cry till oat of breath, 
or burst with langbter ; to faint ; 
to turn black in the face. Devon. 

(3) adj. (A..S.) Yellow. 

(4) a. {jLS.) To bleach; to 

fiide* To make his brows hkktt 
or turn pale, wu a common po- 
etical phraie, equivalent to, to 
vanquish him. 
And at be nefrhet bi a noka, 
The king aturenly him ttroke. 
That bothe his bree* con bUkt; 
Hia maiatry he mekee 

Mobmm's M<tr. Rom., p. 64. 

BLAKBD,a4r* Blackened. Chmtcer. 
Blakblino, t. The yellow buat. 

ing. North. 
Blakbs, 9. Cow-dung dried for 

Blakvb. a. (ji.'S,) To torn black in 

the face ; to grow angry. 
Blamb, a^f. Blameworthy. The 
phraie ** too blam* " occurs not 
uafrequently in the old drama- 

— > T* are foo blawu. 

And, Bene, you make me angry 

The girle was much too iUtwte. 

T. HtytPood, En^l. Trap., sign. Q. 
I were too hlamo if I shouid not teU 
thee anie thing. 

Seneckwttu, 0. Fl.. i, 1S8. 

Blambplum. {A,-N) White-lead. 

Blam, /ira/. /. {A.-S.) Ceased. 

Blanc, 1 (in the fern. g. bUtneho 
BLAUNC, J and bUtunehet) adj. 
(A.-N,) Wlute. It it used in 
several terms and phrases, of 
which the following are the 

BukNCHB BBBWBT» *. A SOrt of 


For to make Uomcks hrewet de i 

Kym kedya and chekenvt, and hev 
hem in monellta. and seth hem in al- 
mand mylk, or in kyne mylke. Grynd 
gyncTTer, galingale, and east thereto; 
and Doyle it, and tent it forthe. 

JTrnmer^s Antiq. CuUn., p. 89. 

Blakc db soai, ^ t. A dish 
BLANK DBSsoBRfg, I in cookery, 
blank DBBiRi >for rosking 

BLANK DB SURT, | Whlch the 

one of the receipts : 

Blank dctiorri. Take almandea blanched, 
grynde hem, and temper hem up with 
whvte wyne, or fleiaah day with broth, 
ana cast thcreinne floer of rys, other 





amydovn ; and lye it therewith. Take 
brawn of cnpons y-fcrouud; take sugar 
and salt, and cast thereto, and florish 
it with aneys whyte. Take a vessel j- 
holes, and put in safron, and serve it 
forth. Fbnu of Cury, p. 10. 

Blanchb-pewrb, 8. *' The agues 
wherwith maidens that have the 
greene-sicknesse are troubled." 

Blanc-manob, \$. A dish in 
BLANCMANQBB, J cookery. 

Blank-mang. Take capons, and seeth 
hem, thenne take hem up. Take al- 
mandes blanched, grynd hem, and alay 
hem up with the same broth. Cast the 
mylk in a pot ; waisshe rys, and do 
tiiereto, and lat it seeth. Thanue take 
brawn of capouns, teere it smalle and 
do thereto. Take white ^eece, sugar, 
and salt, and cast theretnne. Lat it 
seeth. Then messe it forth, and florish 
it with aneys in confyt, rede other 
whyte, and with alraandes ^ed in 
oyle, and serve it forth. 

J^ofVMo/tTury, p. 10. 

Blanc-plvmb, «. White-lead. 

Blanche-fobb^, «. A dish in 

Blatmcht porrS. Take the Qwyte of 
lekes, and parboyle hom, and new horn 
smalle; and take onyons, and mynse 
horn therewith, and do hom in a pot, 
and put thereto gode broth, and let hit 
boyle, and do therto smale briddes, and 
seth hom therewyth. and colour hit 
wyth saffron, and do therto pouder 
marchant, and serve hit forth. 

WameTt Antiq. CuUn., p. 51. 

Blanch, (1) •« Ore when inti- 
mately mixed with other mate- 

(2) IT. To whiten; to change 

(3) V. To peel anything. 

(4) V. To shift off; to evade. 
Blanc HBB, «. Anything set round 

a wood to keep the deer in it. 

Men were sometimes employed 

for this purpose. 
BLANCH-rABM» 9. An annual rent 

paid to the lord of the manor. 

Blandambnt, If. Blandishment; 
BLANDYMENTE, J flattery. 
Blandb, (1) adj. Blended ; mixed. 

(2) f». To flatter. 
Blandise, v. {J.^N.) To flatter. 
Blandrbll, 1 «. (jPr. blan^ 

blaundebblle, J dureau,) A 

kind of apple. 
Blank, *. (fV.) (I) The white 

mark in the centre of a butt, at 

which the arrow waa aimed; 

the mark, the aim, a term in 


(2) A small coin, struck by 
Henry V in France, worth about 
four pence. 

(3) The name of a game at dice. 
Blanker, «. (1) A spark of fire. 


(2) A white garment. 
Blankkt-puddino, «. A long 

round pudding, with jam spread 

over the paste, and then rolled 

up. Sussex, 
Blankktt, U. a kind of bird. 


Blank-matins, «. Matins tung 
over night. 

Blanknbss, 8, Paleness. 

Blanks-and-pbizbs,«. Beanaand 
boiled bacon chopped up and 
mixed together, the beans being 
considered blankf and the meat 
the prize. Shropsh. 

Blank>surrt, 8. See Bkme-de- 

Blanpbtn, 8. {A.'N.) Oxford 

Blanscub, 9. A misfortune; an 
unexpected accident. Somerset. 

Blare, o. (1) To put out the 
tongue. YorksK 

A mocke with the tong, by pnttin^ it 
out; a blaring as a dog doth that is 
thirstie and diry. HommdatOTt 1&86. 

(2) To roar ; to bellow ; to bleat ; 
to cry. Var. dioL The following 
has been given us as a genuine 
sample of Norfolk dialect : " Lor 
mor dont »'n blarin o* that ne ;" 
which means, literally, *' There, 
girl, do not stand crying in that 

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(3) To Ulk loud. Siu$ejf. 
Blart, v. To bleat. Nortkamp, 

Blasb, v. To blazon annt. See 

Blasb, (1) •. To splash ; topdot. 


(2) #. Nonsense ; rabbish. line. 

Weak liqoor is popularly called 

Uaskmeni, and is said to be 

Blasht.ajF. (1) Thin, poor, spo- 
ken of liquor. Nortkamp. 

(2) Wet and windy. 
Blasovb, #. A flatterer. 
Blass, t. The motion of the 

BiAssBK, V. To illumine. 
Blavt, (1) V. (^..&) To boast. 

(2)9. Tomiasfire. Devon. 

(3) V. To raise the eyes in 
tttonishment. Devon. 

(4) t. An inflammation or woand» 
attributed often to the action of 
witchcraft. Somenet. 

(5) 8. The blisht. Sune». 
Blasted, odj. Beaten down by the 

wind, applied to bay. North, 
BLkarm, part, p. Blown. 
Blastmkmt, #. A sudden stroke of 

Blast, v. To blazon; set forth. 

l^urAHT,adj.(Lat.) (1) Bellowing. 

A word perpetuated by Spenser 

is hU term of the*' biaUtni beast." 

(2) Prattling. 
Blatcb, v. To smear or dirty. 

Blatb, (1) V. To bellow. North. 

{2) odj. Bashful; timid. North. 

(Z)adJ. Cold; bleak. 
BLATcaooN, t. A babbler. 
Blathkk, v. To talk nonsense; to 


Acre'iBotlunK fua'd bjr beisfr witty } ha» 
GttiMn b«t vind to »ba«r up a name. 


Blatter, t. A paddle. North. 
Blauk, €^. {J..N.) White. 

221 BLB 

Blauncb, #. A blain ; a patch of 

large pustules blended in one. 
Blaunchbttb, 9. {J.'N.) Fine 

wheaten flour.. 
Blavnchmbb, t. (yf.-NJ) A kind 

of fur. Syr Degor^, 701. 
Blauhcb-pbrreyb,*. SeeBAmrA«- 

Blaundbsorb.#. SeeB/kni«-ife-Mr^. 
Blavnkk, 9. A kind of fur, perhaps 

the same as bknmchmer. * 
Blautgb, #. A great noise. North. 
Blautbt, adj. Bloated. Eoit. 
Blav BR, ( 1 ) 9. To prattle ; to prate. 

Patton Lett., It, 22. 

(2) 9. The com bine-bottle. 

Blaw, v. To cry loud. StMea. 
Blawb. 9. (1) To blow. 

(2) To put to the horn, or ei- 


And BcTertkelef in hhn wm more cum 
of coning than in raoi that today an 
hlnnm iu the kirk. 

'^polonM <^ taUardty p. U. 

Blawiho, t. A swelling. North. 
Blawnyko, t. White-lead. 
Blawort, a. The com blue-bottle. 
Blawzs, 9. A blossom. Yorkth. 
Blay, (1) 9. A blaze. Ate#. 

(2) 9. To bleat. 
Blazb, (1) 9. A yule-log. 

(2) V. To spear salmon. North. 

(3) 9. A pimple. YorAtA 
(4)v. To blazon. 

I beare the badge within njr breat, 
Wherin are iUsde jonr colonn brave. 
TurUrntU, Hpig. tmd Somtelus, 1M9. 

Blazed, (1) a^f. A term applied 

to a hone when it has a white 


(2) To a tree when marked for 

Blka, (1) adj. (J.'S.) YcUow. 


(2) High ; exposed, in situation. 

(3) «. The part of the sub-stem 
of a tree between the bark and 
the hard wood. 

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BhUACKYt adj, Bracki»!i. Somenet. 
Hlbad, t. Fruit. Vertieffon. 
Bleak, (1) v. To bleach. 

(2) adj. {A,.S. bUBc.) Pale with 
cold ; pallid, sickly. 

Palle, et bletme. A hUake^ pale, or 
fomewhat yellowiah colour. 

liomendalor^ 1585. 

(3) adj, Sheepiih. Ea»L 
Blcart, V, To scold ; to make a 

Blbase, «. {A,'S, bUue.) A blaze. 

Blkat, a<^'. Cold; bleak. Kent 
Blbater, t. A cant term for mut- 
Bleathbe, 9, A bladder. North, 
Bleaut, "1 t. ^J,.N. bleaut, bli» 
SLiAUT, I aiw.) A kind of robe 
BLiHAUT, I which fitted close to 
blihaudJ the body. The editors 
of early English poetry have 
comraonly turned the « into an 
n, and printed bUant instead of 
btiautt and it has even been cor« 
rupted into ^/«a«it^ 
Blrb, (1) «. A drop of water; a 
bubble. North, 

(2) p. To drink. North. 

(3) 9. A blister. 

Blech, t, Bleach; water in which 
. hides have been tanned. 
BhitcuiBi, adj. (A.-N.) White. See 

Blbckbn, V, To make black. 
BitBDDER, (1) «. A blister. 

TTow mey that be? wo dnr theroppe steije, 
tor doQ^ of fotes NeiUft. 


(2) V, To cry. North. 
Br.EDE, r. Blood. 
Blbden, v. {A,'S.) To bleed. 
Bledewobt, 9, The wild poppy. 
Blbb, t. {A,'S, bleo ) (1) Colour; 
• eomplexioDb *< Bright of blee" is 

not an uncommon epithet of a 


(2) In a teeondary lense^coante- 

nance, feature. 

Bashful. North. 

Blbecu, 9. The bleaehing-ground. 

Bleed, v. To yield abundantly. 

Com is said to bleed well when 

it is productive on being thrashed. 
Bleeding- B0I8T, 9. A cupping. 

Blrrdino-heart, 9, The walU 

flower. West, 

^*'="' 1 pret. t of bileven. He- 
plefedb, [^i„ed. 


BLEPF,ff4Jr. Turbulent; noisy. JEff«/. 
Blepfin, t. A block or wed^e. 

Bleike, V, (A.'S.) To turn pale. 
Bleine, 9. {A.'S,) A pustule. 

B^K". \adj. 
blate.J •' 
BLEKE,Cl)«4ir. Black. Prompt. /». 
Blely, afh. Blithely. 
BLEME^cM^f. Powerful. Morte Arth, 
Blemish, 9. A hunting terra, when 

the honnds, finding where the 

chase has been, offer to enter, 

but return. 
BLBifMERE, 9, A plumber. 
Blemmlb, v. To mix anything 'vrith 

a fluid, as flonr with water, by 

moving. North, 
Blench, (1) o. {A,'S,) To start, or 

fly off; to draw back. 

(2) 9. A sUrt or deviation. 

(3) t. A glhnpse, Warw, 

(4)r. To wink, to glance. Shak^sp^ 

(5) V, To impeach; to betray' 


(6)*. Afknit. North. 
Blench BR, #. Anything that frigHt^ 

ens, or causes to start. 
Blencorn, 9. Wheat mixed ^vrith 

rj'e. york9h. 
Blbnd, tf. To pollute or confoQi^^ 

And all these storms that no* his be&nt^ 
bUnd, ^^^^^J 



Blende, (I) v. {AS,) To blia^ 

(2) a^. Blind. 
Blindmo, a4f* Clottdf. 

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JtzirDiNOs, r. Peas and beam 

mixed together. 
BLEND.WATKat«- An fiilltiiimatory 

disease to which bladi cattle are 

liable. North. 
Blxxx. r. (ji.-S.) To bTiiter. 

(2) To arise, to bubble ap. 

6lk3;gk, v. To binder. Tuiter. 

Blenkabb, #. A person near- 
sighted, or almost blind. North. 

BLExncR, 8. A fighting-cock with 

oaljr one eye. 
BLE?nn, 9. "{!> To glance at ; to 


12) To appear; lo shine. 

(3) To wince. 

Ble^^see, V. Mrnffere perparee. 

Bl£xka, t. Ashes. ITes/. 

Blc!I9, «. ▲ fish, the ptuhg bar* 

BusiacHnrtV- To darken ; to ble- 

Blebtt. The ^rel /. and pari, p. of 
Head, Umde, and £i^ii«. 

Bleuw, v. {J.'S) To blearj to 
mAe a pefsen's sight dim. To 
" bkre one'a eye,*' to impose upon 

BLascmEH, r. To eztingaisb a fire* 

Bixse, r. A Maze. Prompt. P, 

iSLEss, 9. (I) To wave or braadish 
a twoTu. Speiuer. 
it) iPr.) To wound. 

Buasme.'rBS'-nBB-ofrT. An ope* 
ratioB performed generally, I be* 
fiwer ahvavs. by a female. She 
Vets her forefinger with spittle, 
sad mores it in a efrcnlar slow 
eiaaBcr o^er and' round the part 
&at may have been binmi or 
icsldcd, at the aaoie time matter- 
lag ioandibtr a anitable ineanta. 
few or blesaing, in the mysteries 
<if wbfefa I am not initiated. This 
I hsreoften aeeii done, aaid hvn^ 
indeed, not unfrcqncntly expen- 
eaced the benefita, be *«TJ^ 
tkerroaT.of themnoeeai. Mmr9 

Br.K88aDL0CURRa, a^. Blessedly. 
BLasaiNa-rinae, a. Midsummer 
Fines. fFfit. 

If eddy, Ui»t wu wont to make 
9veh grcfkt feMting at the vtke, 
Aud the Heuimg Mr*. 
SrowiWt Skefksr^t Pipt, 1779. 

BLBaanto-wrrcB, «. The white or 

good witch. 
Blbtch, «. Black, greuy matter; 

the grease of wheel-axles. Stof, 
Bletbblicbb, oiftr. Blithely; free- 
ly; joyftrily. 
Blbtbeb, a. A bladder. 
BLSTHKB-HBAn, ». A blockbcad. 

BtmivoK, adf. {A,'8.) Flaming. 
Blbvb, 1 a. To stay ; to remain. 
BLSWB, J See Biiepe. 
Blbw-blow, «. The corn-flower. 

Blewino, a. Bine paint. 
Blbwit, a. A kind offungm. North. 
Blbxtba, «. A person who blacks. 
Bletb, adj. Blue. 
Blbtmb, a. An inflammation in the 

foot of a horse. 
BLBTNA8aB,t. BHndness. 
BLvraTBm, «. A bfeaeher. 
Blxakb, a. A bar of wood with 

holes to take the soles of a hurdle 

while being wreathed. Dore. 
Blxcb, a. Lice. North. 
BLicKBifT, ocf^. Bright; shining. 

BLina, a. Wretches. Dewm. 
Blioh, adj. Fx>nely ; dull. Kent. 
Bt.fOHTBD, adj. Stifled. *• Bliglited 

with the best." Oxfii. 
Bltkbn, a. (1) (A.'S.) To quiver. 

(2) {A.'S.) To shine. 
BLnf, a. To gladden. Prompt. P. 
Blinch, a. (1) To keep ofi'. 

(2) To catch a sight of a thing 

or person. Comw. 
B&nr», (1) adj. Obscure. 

(2) AbortiTe, applied to flbwert 
and herbs. Far. dioL 

(3) i^ A fence for skoots and 
sentinels, made of bundles of 

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reeda, canes, or osien, to hide 
them from being seen by the 
enemy; an old military term. 

Bltnd>i8-thk-cat, «. An old 
Cliristmas game, perhaps blind- 
man's buff. 

Blind-alehouss, «. 

If the fldler at hand that ut'd to ply at the 
kUitd-aUkou$e f 

Blkeregi^ Comical Stten^e, 1669. 

Blind-ball, t. A fungus. 

Blind-buckt-davy, t. Blind- 
man's buff. Somer$et mtd GUme, 

Blind-buesa&d, 9. A cockchafer. 

Blind-days, «. The^r«/ three days 
of March, which were formerly 
considered as unlucky, and upon 
which no farmer would sow any 
seed. Devon, 

Blind-eyes, «. The corn-poppy. 

Blind-hob, «. Blind-man's buff. 

Blind-hooky, t, A game at cards. 

Blind-man's-buff, «. (1) A well- 
known children's game. 
(2) A kind of puff-ball. 

Blind-man's-bolyday, a. Twi- 

BLiND-MAmE8,t. Nonscnse. DtfvoA. 

Blind-nettlb, 9, Wild hemp. 

BLIND-8IM, «. Blind-man's .buff. 

Blind-thabm, tf. The bowel-gut. 

Blind-worm, 9, The slow-worm. 

Blinders, a. Blinkers. North. 

Blindino-bridle, 9. A bridle 
with blinkers. 

Blindfrllenb, v. To blindfold. 
Pr. Part. 

Blindino-board, #. An instru- 
ment to restrain an unruly cow. 

Blinds, t. A term for a black 
fluor about the vein in a mine. 

Blinb, «. A kind of wood. Skinner. 

Blin R. ( 1 ) a. A spark of fire, glim- 
mering or intermittent light. 

(2) 9. To evade; to avoid the 
sight of. North, 

(3) 9. To smile. North, 
h)v. To wink. 

(5) Blinking the malt, is putting 

it to work too hot. Cambridge. 
Blink ard, t. One who sees badly. 
Blinked, adj. Stale or sharp, ap. 

plied to beer. 
Blinker, a. A term of contempt. 

Blinks, a. An old hunter's term. 

Bri$iUy bonffhea rent by hnntera from 
trees, and len in the view of a deere, or 
cast oTerthwart the way wherein he U 
likely to pavie, thereby to binder his 
running, and to recover him the better; 
our wood-men call them hUnket. 


Blinnb, v. (1) {A.^S. bUnman.) To 


(2) To stop, to delay. 
Blirt, v. To cry. North. 
Blisful, a^. Joyful ; blessed. 
Blish-blash, t. Sloppy dirt 

Blissb, v. (1) {A.-S,) To blesa. 

(2) (Fr.) To wound. 
Blissbne, gen, pL Of joya. 
Blissey, t. A blase. Wilte, 
BLi880M,a4r. (1) Blithesome. 

(2) Marie tqipetene, applied to 
the ewe. 

(3) V. To copulate, said of sheep. 
Blist, pret, t, of bUeie. Blessed. 
BLiT.a^^*. Blighty. Dor9et. 
Blitb, a. Face ; visage. Kemnett. 

Probably a corruption of blee. 

Blithe, a. Blight. 

^hivi,^ adj. hnA ado. Quick; ready. 
A contraction of biHve. 

Blizzy, $. {A.'S, bfyea,) A blaze. 

Blo, acff. Blue ; livid. 

Bloa, adj. Cold ; raw. Une. 

Bloacb, a. A tumour. Simmer. 

Bloachbr, 9, Any large animal. 

To Bloat, or Blote, v. To dry by 
smoke, applied especially to her- 
rings. A Bloat-herring, or, rb 

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^ nov call it, a ihaier, a her- 
nng 10 dried. 

iMjjtntmtid courtier oa tlie ootls, 
iikf « uman or a hloat-kerrimg. 

B.Jim^ Masq. ofMer., r. 4S9. 
Make • seal of a Ncat-ktrrina, water it 
*idk f(Mff ihflfiofs beer, and thru swear 
^ bate diaed as well aa ray loid mayor. 

I yert fimr doEcn of fijie llrebrandt id 
"7 Mlj, 1 have more imoke in my 
■Math Una woukl Mole a hundred her- 
nofL B-mndFL, id. Ptvu., ii 

Tkne^utoof gpnta, carried firom mart to 

ill M modi Dcat ac theae, to more nao 


mioM^t. Ablaze. iVorM. 

^LOftr I. (1) A blant termination 
^ what ig asually pointed. A 
^MK, a note with a small 
^p It the end. 

(2) A mull lamp of anxtbing 
tiiick, fisdd, or dirty. 

(3) A Tulxar term for the lower 

V) A bobble; a blister. North. 

(5) Thick. %etBbtb. 

W A drop. 

(7) A term applied to theHower 

<>f the water ranoDColua. 
wjBsnuLip. Seei3/ti^. 
^i<>B.iiiLK, t. Milk with its cream 

Bisgled. ybritA. 

WscoTCH, f . A bubble. York$h. 
Bioi-TALi,*. A tell-tale. 
^•^cx, t. (I) The wooden mould 

^ vhich the crown of a bat 

*«> formed. Hence it was used 

^ the form or fashion of a hat. 

. n>^t a hat of the newest faahion 

la thia nao hat 

T^ tt, « of the current fashion." 
{}) The Jack at the game of 


Iff, A broadaxe. 


Block-roksb, ff. A strong wooden 
frame with four handles, to carry 
blocks. Etut. 

Blockpatb* ff. A blockhead. 
All theae things raaT well be aiiid nnto 
me, that be commonly spoken against a 
foole. aa tobe called a kloekpai*, a dnll' 
head, an ease, a lumpish sot. 

Terme§ in Bn^Usk, 1641. 

Blockstick, ff. A club. H&rik, 
Block. WHBATp ff. Buck- wheat. 
Blody, tfifo. By blood; of or in 

Blooot.I V. To look angry or 
BLOOO, J sour ; to be sullen ; to 
frown. Exmow, 
Bloknb, «. (A,'S.) To fade ? 
That, man, thi body arise schd 
or daithe nammore to blokne. 

Blom AN, ff. A trumpeter. 
Blomanobx. {J,'N,) ff. A diah 
in cookery. 

For to make UomMtger. Kym lys, and 
lese hem, and watch liem clenc, and do 
thereto god almande mylk, and seth 
hem til theyal tobrcat; and than lat 
hem kele: and nym the lire of the hen* 
nyn. or of eapona, and grynd hem amal. 
Kest thereto wite grece, and boyle it. 
Nym blaiicliyd alnuindya, and urron. 
and set hrm above in the dysehe, and 
serve yt forthe. 

rofiMf, AiMq. Culm., p. 89. 

For to make Nomanfier of fyseh. Tsk a 
pound of rys, lea hem wel and waach, 
and leih tyl Uiey breate; and let htm 
kele; and do thereto mylk of ta pound 
ofalmaudys; nym the perche, or the 
lopnster, and boyle yt, and kest augur 
and salt alau thereto, uid serreyt forth. 
Warner, AnUq. Culin., p 46. 

Blomb. (1) «. To flourish. 
(2) ff. A blossom. 

Blomb-dowk. a<fp. Clumsy; clown- 
ish. Donet, 

Blommbr, ff. Noise; uproar. 

Blohc, fl4/. (^..M) White. 

Blonckbt, a^, (probably from 
Fr, bUmc.) Gray. Sptnaer, 

Blondbbn, «. To blimder; to 

Blonk. (1) adj. Sullen. 
(2) «• To disappoint. NortK 

d by boogie 




Blonks, ff. (^.-5.) A steed ; a war. 

Blont, adj. Dull ; heavy. 
Bloo, «. To Wow. 
Blood, ff. Dispoeition. Shaketp, 
Blood-allby, t. A marble taw. 

A boy's term. 
Blood-boltbrbd, adj. Matted 

with blood. Shaieap. 
Blood-fallen, adj. (1) Chill- 

blained. East 

(2) Blood-shot. 
Blooding, a. A black pudding. 

Apexabo, intestinnm nn^ine fartmn, 
admiata anrina. A hloudtnff or blnrke 
puddinge. Nomenelator^ 1585, 

Blood-olpr, t. A bullfinch. East, 
Blood-sucker, t. A leech. 
BiooDsupPBE, t. A blood-sucker ; 
a murderer. 

Blood-wall, ff. The dark double 

wall-flower. Norihamp. 
Blood WORT, «. (y^.-5.) The name 

of a plant. 
Bloodt-bone, ff. The name of an 

hobgoblin or flend. 
Bloody- THURSDAY, a. The Thurs- 
day of the first week in Tjent. 
Bloody-warrior, a. The dark 

double wall-flower. Wett. 
Bloom. (1) ff. A mass of iron 

which has gone a second time 

through the furnace. 

(2) 0. To shine ; to throw out 

(3) ff. Heat Bloomy^ very hot. 

What abloom an I inalloTerP giveme 
my fan J I protest I am in a general 
damp. N. TtUe, OuetoUTs Haven, 1 6&5. 

- (4) ff. The hot stage of a fever. 
Blooth, ff. Blossom. Devon, 
Blorb, (1) V. To bellow like a bull. 
East, The bhre is the moan of 
a cow, unsettled for want of her 
calf, or by being in a strange 
pasture. Lineolnsbire, 

(2) ff. A blast; the act of 

(3) V. To weep. Prompt, F. 


ff. A blossom. 

Blort,v. To chide in a loud tone. 



Bloshy, \adj. Sloppy, windy, 

BLOSHiNG. J and rainy. Leie. 

Blosmb. (1) 9, (A,'S. biotmian,) 
To blossom. 
(2) ff. A blossom. 

Blosmy, aifj. Full of blossoms. 

Blosb, ff. A ruflEled head of hair. 

Blossomed, adJ, The state of 
cream in the operation of churn- 
ing, when it becomes full of air, 
which causes it to be long in geU 
ting to butter. Noff. 

Blot, a. A term at backgammon, 
when one in danger of being 
taken up ia called a blot. 

Blotch-paper, ff. Blotting paper. 

Blote, a4^'. Dried. SeeBioat, 

Bloten, adJ, Ezceasivdy food. 

Blothbr, v. To chatter idly; to 
make a great noise to little par- 
pose. Var, dial 

Blots, a. The eggs of moths. 

Bloughty, adJ, Swelled; puffed. 

Blounchet, adj. Blanched. 

Blousb, ff. (1) A bonnet. 

(2) A woman with hair or head- 
dress loose and disordered, or 
decorated with vulgar finery. 

(3) A girl or wench whose ftce 
looks red by running abroad in 
the wind and weather. Kennett. 
Such a woman is said to bare a 
**blouzinff colour." To be taa 
blouse, to look red from heat. 

Blousy, adj. Wild, disordered, 

Bloutb.a^*. (A.^.) Bloody. 
Blow, (1) v. To blossom. 

(2) ff. A blossom ; more particu- 
larly the blossom of fruit trees. 

(3) ff. A bladder. Dewm. 

(4) V. To inform of; to peach 





(5) V. To make a penoB blutli or 
be ashamed ; to ke bhmm^ to blush 
on a Middea Mrprise. 
AB Ifomi sad Ted. 

Skaketp.t Rap* tfUurtf, 

Blow-ball,*. (perhapa from ^.-JV. 

MoMTo/le.) The corn-flower. 
Blowboll, #. A dmnkard. 
Blowk, V, (^J.»S.) To blow; to 

Blowbr, #. O) A fitsare In the 

brokeo strata of coal, from which 

a feeder or correat of ioilammable 

air discharges. North, 

(2) A child's name for the downy 
heads of dandelion. 

(3) ''One mwi's particular lass." 
lhmt<m*» Ladie^ JHetUmary, 

Blow-flt, #. The large blue fly 

which Mows neat. 
Blowing, #. (1) A blossom. WUtt. 

(2) The egg of a bee ? Httrrison^t 

Dner. qfEmgL, p. 229. 
Blow-m AUNOBR, «. A fuU fat-faocd 

person, with cheeks poffed oat. 

Blow-kilk, #• Skimmed m&lk. 

Bloww, a|F. (I) Swelled; inflated. 

(2) Proud, insolent. 

(3) Stale, worthless. 

(4) To say a oow or beast is blown, 
when in pain from the fermenta- 
tion of green food having caased 
a distention of its carcase, is com- 
mon, perhaps, to many counties. 
When a man or horse is panting 
for breath from over-exertion, he 
is also said to be blown. Moor'i 

BLowv.RBBRtifO. " In some parts 
of England they are called bknUed 
herrmfftf and the term occurs in 
several of our writers about Elisa- 
beth's day, but not, I believe, in 
Shakespeare. The word bloatod 
is a confirmation of the above 
conjecture as to the origin of 
Mnm, being merely another form 

of the word, but not so appHcable. 
We sometimes see and hear hhwmf 
bloated, and puffed «p, in neariy 
the same sense. I have heard 
our blown-herrings called bawen 
herrings, and bone-herrings, but 
never any good reason for so 
calting them. Hottn is another 
sense of blown or puflTed np, 
but never applied to a herring. 
Since the al>ove was written, X 
have seen (October, 1823) in a 
shop in Great Russell Street, a 
parcel of ^^oira-herrings ticketed 
' fine Yarmouth bloaters/ 1824, 
in the autumn of this year, bear- 
ing the blown or bown herrings 
cried in Woodbridge by the name 
of Tow Bowen herrings, I learned 
on enquiry that it is a common 
name for them." Mwt'9 Suffolk 

Blow-foii«t, 8. A child's game, 
mentioned in old writers. 

Blowbb, s. a pustule. 

Blowrt, adj. Disordered. Warw. 

Blows, t. Trouble, or exertion. 

Blowsb, t. See Blotuo* 

Blow-bhoppb, t. A forge. 

Wild boret, bulls, and falcons hredds 
there in times uaite ; now, for lakke of 
woodde, Hmo-ihoppu deoay there. 

LtUuid, Itiu., Tol. Tii. p. 48. 

Blowt, v. To make a kwd queru- 
lous noise. North. 

Blowth, 9. A blossom. 

BLovrrr, adj. Applied to a person 
who increases in size by a false 
appearance of fat. Norf, 

Blu, acg. Blew. 

Blub, (l)tr. To swell. 
(2) adj. Swollen, plump, round. 

Odd I She bts a delicate lip, rach a lip^ so 
nd, so hard, so plump, so Umi. 

Otwag, SoUHer'i ForUm$, 1681. 

Ton li«?t a pretty poatittcsbofBt the Booth 
like me, and fine UtUe hM Um. 

Shadwdl, Trw Widow, 1679. 

BacGo, bncculentna, Plauto, cni tnmi- 
diores sunt bucea, ant os grandins. 

d by boogie 


yvaBmv. Jonffln, on geullard, qni a la 
bouche grande. That hath biz cheeks, 
or a great and laree month : Unh cheeked : 
■pairov mouthed. NommtdatoTt 1685. 

BJ.UBBBB, (])«. A bubble. Var, 

(2) To bubble, as water. 

(3) V. To cry ; to weep till the 
lean stand in bubbles. 

(4) ff. The name given by sailors 
to the sea nettle. 

Blubbxk-orass, ff. Different spe- 
cies of bromuM, so-called from 
their soft inflated glumes. Ea$t, 

Bluck, tr. " So the true men shall 
be hunted and bhtcked:* The 
FettyvaU, fol. xxvi, r°. 

Blub, (1) a. Bloom. Devon. 

(2) 9. Ale. SomeraeL 

(3) V. To "look blue," to look 
disconcerted ; to be mortified or 

Blux-bottlb, ff. (1) A term for a 
servant or beadle, from the colour 
formerly used for their dresses. 
(2) A large blue fly. 

Blux-bottlbs, t. The blue flowers 
which grow among wheat Oj^d, 

BLUB-CAP8,t. (l)Meadow scabious. 
(2) The com blue bottles. North' 

Blub-inklb, ff. Some substance 
which burnt with a strong offen- 

Ah met help, help my lady! cut her 
lace,cather laoel get loroe ana fcetida, 
kUw inkle, or partridge feathen, and 
bom under her noie. 

ShadweU, Amormu Bigctte, 1690. 

Gad take me! hold the eentleworoan, 
bring lome cold water, and flower, bum 
some blew inkle and partridge feathers, 
'tis my ladies medicine. 

SkmdmM, Tie Scowren, 1691. 

BLUB-isAAC,ff. The hedge-sparrow. 

Blux-john, ff. Fluor spar. DerbytJL 
Blub-milk, t. Skimmed milk. 
Blub-moon, ff. He won't do it for 

a blue moon, t. e., never. 

228 BLU 

Blub-kock, ff. The wild pigeon. 

Blue-stocking, ff. A woman who 
addicts herself to study or author- 

BLUB-TAiL,ff. The fieldfare. Norths 

Blub-vinnibd, adj. Covered witH 
blue mould. South, 

Bluff, (1) otfr. Churlish; anrlv. 

(2) a4f' Big and puffed up, ma it 
were with wind. 

(3) V. To blindfold. North. 

(4) ff. A tin tube through which 
boys blow peas. Sn^oli, 

(5) ff. The blinker of a horse. 
Line, and Leie. 

Bluffbb, ff. A landlord of an 

Bluffin,«. To bluster; toswaj^ger. 

BhvvTuo, adj. Hoodwinked. iLtne. 
Bluftbr, ff. A horse*s blinker. 

Line., Leie. Bbtfled, having 

blinkers on. 
Blundbb, (1) ff. Confusion; trouhle. 

(2) 0. To disturb. 

(3) V. To blunder water, to atir 
or puddle, to make it thick and 

Blundbbbuss, ff. A stupid fellow. 

Blunob, «. To break or blend 

whilst in a sUte of maceration ; 

a potter's term. A long flat 

wooden instrument, called a 6lKn. 

per, is used for this purpose. 
Blunk, (1) oiir. Squally ; tem pes- 

tuous. Eaet. 

(2) V. To snow, to emit spso-lts. 

(3^ ff. Any light flaky body. 

(4) ff. A fit of stormy weather. 
Blunkbt, (1) ff. A white aiuff, 

pro)>ably woollen. 
(2) ff. A light blue colour. 
Blunt, (1) a. The slang term for 

(2) ff. A pointless rapier, or foil 
to fence with. " Batre ie /er. 





to plaj tt ilmti, or at foyles." 

Blvr, 9. A blot. North. 
BLxnar, «. A oiistake, a blai^er. 
Bldkt, (1) An inteijectioii of con- 

tempt. *< Blort,muter oontUble," 

t fig for the constable, seems to 

ba?e been a proverbial phrase. 

(2) V. To blurt at, to hold in 

contempt. **BoeekeggiSre,U> make 

months, or iktrt with ones lips," 

Blusb, #. Reaemblanoe ; look. At 

the first kbuk, at the first sight. 
Blush a, o. To look. 
Blushbt, #. One who bloshes; 

used by Ben Jonson for a young 

modest g^rL 
BLusT.t. Bryaipelous inflammation. 

Blostbr-wood, «. The shoots of 

fruit trees or shrobs which require 

to be pruned ont. £asi, 
Bldstrb.v. To stray along without. 

any particular aim. 
Bat Uustreden forth m beeitas 
Over bankes and lulles. 

Blusteous, adj. Blustering. 
Bluter, {i)adj. Dirty. 

(2) V. To blot, to dirty, to blub- 

ber. North. 
BLCTTxn, V. To speak nonsensi- 

Bluv, «. To believe. £»/. 
BtuzzaD, a^. Darkened; blinded. 

Bit, t. (1) Likeness ; resemblance. 

Satt. See kiee. 

(2) A transient Tiew. Ea$t. 
Bltcano, a4if. (i^..&) Glittering; 

Bltfs, ath. Quickly. See BeUoe. 
Bltkkeo, pret. t. Shone. 
Bo. (1) adj. Both. 

(2) t. A hobgoblin. North. 
BoALLiKG. t. Drinking, L «., bowl. 

ing, or emptying the bowL 
BoAn,t. A clown, for ^oor. 
BoAa^CAT, #. A tom-cat. Kent. 

The word oocon in Wgeheritif, 
Piam-dealer, 1677. 
Board, (1) «. (^.-N. ahorder.) To 
address ; to accost. 

(2) a. An old cant term for a 

(3) a. A kind of excayation. North. 

(4) " Set him a clear board in 
the world," L e., put him in a 
good position as to pecuniary 

BoARORR, tuff. Made of board. 

BoARoiNO-BRiDOR, t. ApIankUid 
across a running stream. fVeit. 

BoAR-NRCKBD, o^. A term applied 
in some parts to sheep, when 
aflfected with a disease which 
causes their necks to be bowed. 

BoAR-sBo, t. A pig kept for three 
or four years as a brawn. Shropi. 

BoAR-BTAo, a. A gelded boar. 

BoAR-THisTLB, a. The eordwu bm- 
cfolatuif Lin. 

BoATiON, t. {Lat,) An nproar. 

BoAT-wHi8TLRa, 8, Little bottles 
which grow on the sea shore, 
which the boys cut a hole in and 
make whistles of, and blow in 
imitation of the boatswain's 
whistle; properly, the bottle ore. 

Bob, t. (^.-iSr. «o»0.) (1) A joke; 

a pleasantry. A dry hob^ a dry 

joke. To giTe the bob was a phrase 

equiTalent to that of giring the 

dor, or imposing upon a person. 

He that a fool doth Terr wiiely hit, 

Doth Tcry fooliihly, altho' he smart, 

Kot to teem seuadeM of the iod. 

Jm fm Itkt t/, ii. 7. 
I hare drawn blood at one's braiiit with 
a bitter io«. 

Alex, and Camp^pt, 0. n, ii. 118. 

C, I gness the business. & It can be no 

But go^tM m0 the M, that being a nuUtcr 
Of main importance. 

Mauing . Mtud tff E<momr^ ir. 5. 

So, ladies, I thank yon for the tricks yon 
have pat upon roe ; but, madam, I am 
even with you for your London tricki, I 
have giren you auch a AoA. 

Skitd!mtU, J^soM WeUt, 1873. 

d by boogie 




(2) V. To cheat ; to outwit. 

miere binding both, and MHng them, then 
trembling at her yre. 

Wamtr^t Albums BngUmd, 1599. 

I«t him be M'd that bohi wiU hare ; 
But who by means of wisdom hie 
Hath aav'd his charjte?— It is even I. 
Pm^. Jrcad., Lib. ii, p. SOS. 

Imagining that all the wit in plays oour 
aisted in bringing two persona upon the 
atage to break jests, and to hob one 
another, which they call repartie. 

SAadwelC SuUm Lonn, 1670. 

No, I am no statesman, but yon may 
please to remember who was boVd at 
0acend,ha,hal Id.,ii. 

53) V. To disappoint. North. 
A) 8. A blow. 
(5) t. A bunch. North, 
?6) 8, A ball. York8h. 

(7) «. The burthen of a song. 
To bear a bob, to join in chorus ; 
also, to take a part in some foolish 

(8) To ilsh. North. 

(9) To " bear a bob/' to be brisk. 

(10) «. The pear-shaped piece of 
lead attached to the line of a 
carpenter's level. East, 

(11) 9. To swing backwards and 
forwards sitting on a rope. 

(12) #. A ringing of bells. 

(13) 0. To bob up the hair» to 
twist it in papera. 

(14) t. A louse, or any small in- 
sect. Hant8. " Spiders, bobbt, and 
lice," are mentioned in MS., 
Addit. 11812, f. 16. 

(15) 8. A short wig. 

(16) V. To strike; to beat. 

(17) V. To cut. 

!18) V. To pass in or out. 
19) t. A term applied to a par- 
ticular method of taking eels. 

(20) «. The engine beam. North. 

(21) atg. Pleasant; agreeable. 

(22) t. A slang word for a shilling. 
BoBAN, 1 t. (^.-iV.) Pride; va- 

BOBAM CBy J nity. 

So proot he ia, and of so gret h<A«m. 

For eerteynly, I aay for no bobtatuce, 
Yit was I never withonten purvey aaiioe 
Of manage, ne of no thinges eeke. 


BoB-AKD-HiT, «. Blind-man's-buff. 

BoBBANT, Aj^. Romping. Wiit$. 
BoBBB, 1 To buffet; to strike. 


Ye thoght ye had a fUI code game. 
When ye my sone with buiTettee bobbydd. 

BoBBBBOus, adj. Saucy ; forward. 

BoBBBBY, ff. A squabble; an 

Bobbin, t. A small fiq^ot Kent. 

BoBBiN-AND-JOAN, 8. The flowcrs 
of the arum maeitlatum. North- 

BoBBiNO-BLOCK, #. A thing that 
may be struck with impunity; an 
unresisting fool. 

Became a foole, yea more then that, an esse. 

A bobbinff-Noeie, a beating stocke, an ovie. 

Gwnign^a Detisei, p. 837 

Bobbish, atff. A trivial word, used 
in different senses, such as, pretty 
well in health; not quite sober; 
somewhat clever. 

Bobblb,«. a pebble. Comw. 

BoBBLB-cocK, t. A turkcy-cock. 

BoBBs, t. Pieces of clay used by 
potters to support their ware 
before it is baked. Staff. 

BoBBY, adj. Smart ; neat. North. 

BoBBY-WBBN,«. Tho commou wren. 

BoB-CHEBBY, t. A children's game. 

BoBBT, 8, A buffet or stroke. 

BoBBTTS, 8. Thick pieces ; gobbets. 

BoBOLYNB, a. A fool. 

Be we not bobofyntf, 
Sutch lesinges to belere. 


BoBRBLLB, t. The nyrophc pti. 
dendL " Hec caturda, AngUce ^ 

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MS. l&M 

Bobtail, (1) v. To cot off the tail. 
(2) t. The ftted of «■ arrow which 
it amall-breaated, and big towarda 
the hca<L Kerwey. 

BoBT, «. Cheese. Wett, 

Boc«.(^..SL) A book. Boc^kmm, 
o library. 

BocASiN, «. A iort of bodcram. 

ho<:coNB, «. {lUU.) A monel. 

BocB (1) V. To easboM. Pakgrwt, 
(2) «. A boas, or lamp. 
AImI aom Mea of h«m aehcvcn the 
■chap and the toer of the bomble swollen 
membret, that semeth like to the male- 
diea of hiniia, is tlie wravpiiif of here 
hoML Ommt, ¥9r$m»$ T. 

BocBS, «. Sardinea. 

BocBAXT.a. A forward girl. WUit. 

BocBB,«. A boaa or awelUng; a 

BocHBB, «. (1) A batdier. Bodmry, 
botcherr, botefaen' Bieat 
(2) The'name of a fiih. 

Bock, «. Fear. Deftam. 

BocKB, (1) A Terb to which Pals- 
grave giTet the different nean. 
iogi, to belch; to look upon 
any one diadainfully ; to make a 
noiie like that of a toad. 

(2) «. To flow out 

(3) «. A book. 

Bockbrbl, 1 «. A long^winged 
BOCKBBBT, J hawk. 
Bogknb, 9, To teach; to press 

BocTAix., «. A bad womaa. Cote. 
Bod, v. To take the hoaks off wal- 

Buta. WUi: 
Boddlb, #. A small iron tool used 

lor peeling trees. Narik. 
Boddum, #. Principle. North, 
BoDB. (1) ff. {J.-S,) A sUy or 


(2) t. A oomnand. 

(3)«. A message; an offer. 

(4) «. An omen. 

(5) e. To forbode. 
i6)9.(J^S.beod.) Board, firing. 

(7) The prti* t, and lOBietimaB 
the pari. p. of buide, 

(8) TheprettofMe. 
BoDB-CLOTH, t. A table-cloth. EaH. 
BoDBD, a4f. Overlooked; fated; 

infatuated. X^ob. 
BoDBB, #. A messenger. 
BooBBiNO, 8, The lining of the 

skirt of a woman's petticoat. 
BoDQB. (1) «. A patch. 

(2) V. To patch domsily. 

(3) To boggle, to &il. 

(4) A kind of Bieaaore, probably 
half a peck. 

BoDOiT, #. A budget. 

Of the marehsviit that lost Us hcd^eiU 
hetvene Ware and London :— A reruirns 
marchant betwene Ware and London 
lo«t his boJfei, and n e. 11 therein, 
vherfure he mated to proclayme ia 
dyrert market townet, y^ho to ever that 
fonnde the layde M^et, and wolda 
bryn^ it a^tync, shuide hare xx. U. 
for his labour. 

lUw md Qm. Amtm. 

BoDiLT, adv. Entirely, all at once. 

Bodkin, t. (1) (^.-5.) A dagger. 

Was noon io hardy walkyng by the weye^ 
That with hir dorite raj^ or cil«rf pleye. 
But if he wold be alayn of 8ymckyn, 
With pnnade, or with knyf, or hoydftyn. 

Know I am for thee, from ths cannon shot 
Unto the smallest hodkin can be got. 
Name any weapon vliataoe're thou wilt. 
Botfimmdt, £nm* o/CMkt, 1011. 

(2) A sort of ri h cloth, a cor- 
ruption of bamdJtm, 

Bodkin-wobk, s. A sort of trim- 
ming worn on the gown. 

Bodlb, «. A small coin, worth 
about the third part of a half- 
penny. North. 

Bodbakb, Iff. Depredation; abor- 
BODBAOB, J der excursion. 

By meanes wherof the mid caatellcs be 
not for oar defence anynit ther iteltlie 
and hodrakti, acoordina; as they were 
fyrtt ordeyned, bnt rather take part of 
suche botyea aa eomeyth by them to- 
wardea the Iryihery, to kepe the thynj; 


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Ifo w^lnig then nor wreteliedneu it 

No nightlT hodrags, nor no faup and cries. 
Spent, Colin a.,v.ili. 

BoDwoRD, t. (A.'S.) A message; 

a commandment. 
BoDY-cLouT, t. A piece of iron 

adjoining the body of a tumbrel, 

and its wheels. 
BoDY.HOKSE, t. The second horse 

of a team of four. 
B0DY.8TAPP, #. A stake or rod of 

withy, &Cm used in making the 

body of a waggon. Warw. 
BoF, #. Quicklime. HowelL 
BorvLE, 9. (1 ) To change ; to vary; 

to stammer through irritation. 


(2) To thwart; to impede. Mid- 
land C, 

B0FFLBB8, t. The legs of old 
worsted stockings, or twisted 
haybands, put round the legs to 
keep off snow. 

BoFFY, V, To swell; to puff. 

Boo, ( 1 ) t. Sturdy ; self-suflScient ; 

The cockooe, seeing him lo tog, w«zt 
tlso wondrous wrothe. 

Warner's Albions Sngland, l&M. 

(2)tr. To boast. 

(3) V, To move off. 
Boo-BBAN, 8. Marsh trefoil, or 

buckbean. Yorkgk. 
BoOBTT, #. A budget. 
BoooABD, t. A Jakes. '* Boggarde 

or drawght. Loke in Siege." 

BoooABT, #. A ghost, or goblin. 

BoooARTY, adj. Apt to start aside, 

applied to a horse. 
B06OE, «. A bug.bear. 
BoooiSH, tuff. Swelling. Pr. P. 


child's game in the North. 
BoooLB, f>. To do anything in au 

awkward or nnskilful manner. 

BooGLBB, t. A Tidous woman. 

Ton hare been a iamler ever. 

Shaketp., Ani. and CL, iii, 11 . 

BoGOT, a^. Bumptious: tn ol4 
Norwich school-word. 

BoooY-Bo, t. A goblin. Norih, 

Boo-Hou8B,t. A Jakes. This is am 
old term. 

Booing, adj. Sneaking. Beda. 

BoGTROTTER, «. An Irith robber. 

BoG-vioLBT, #. The butterworl. 

Bogy, «. (1) Bodge fur; lain>>*8 
fur. Dean Colet, by his will, in 
1519, bequeathed his " beat coat 
of chamlet, furred with blaek 
bogys.'* Wardrobt Accounts 0/ 
Ediard IV. 

(2) 8. A hobgoblin, orspectte; 
sometimes called a bogie. 

Boh, e<n^. But. Lane. 

Bo-HACKY, «. A donkey. YorJkah. 

BoHBMiAN-TARTAR, «. Perhftpm a 
gipsy; or a mere wild appd. 
lation, designed to ridicule the 
appearance of Simple in tli^ 
Merry W. of Windsor, It, 5. 

BoiDBR, «. A basket. North. 

BoiB, ff. {J,»N.) An executioner. 
He het mani a wikke boie. 
His Bone lede toward the lMuife]g;iii|p 
Snyn Sages, 960. 

BoiBR, t. A beyer. BareVtAht^^tri^ 

1580. for boire. 
BoiLARY, t. A place where Bait is 

deposited. North. 
Boiling, t. (1) A quantity of thinctB 

or persons. '* The whole ^a/tno 

of them." ^ 

(2) A discoTcry. An old cant 

BoiLouNS, «. (1) Bubbles in boil. 

ing water. 

(2) Projecting knobs. 
BoiNARD, 8. {A.'N.) A low peraon. 

A term of reproach. 
BoiNE, «. A swelling. Enex^ 
Boia, t. (^.-iV.) Wood. 
B018T, t. (1) A threat. See B^mt^ 

(2) A swelling. Eatt. 

(3) {A.'N.) A box. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 




BoisTXB, $. A bmsteroni fcUow. 
BoisTNKSS, 8, Cborlishnest. 
BoisTocs, «4r. (1) Rough; bois- 
terotts ; cfaurlisb ; ttabboro. 

(2) Costly, ricb, appUed to 

Bon, (1) V. U,^S. ^MlMH.) To 
belch; to nameate; to ▼omit. 

(2)«. Balk. BoJte4oad,iLhuSkj 
kMuL Eati, 

(3) V. To iwelL Ba$i. 

(4; «. A break or separation in 

a vein of ore. 

(5) «. To point, or thrust at 


{B)part.p. Baked. North. 

(7) V. To enter in a book ; to 

BoKKLBK, «. A buckler. 
BoKJKK, V. To strike. Skvmer. 
BoKST, #. A backet. 
BoKKi>,/M»-/.jv. (^..5.) Learned. 

Sche WM wel kepte, wche was wel lokid, 
Sehe va« wd taiijte, lehe wu wel bokid. 
Go»gr, MS. Soc. Jntiq. 

BoKT, «. (1) Soft. Nortkitmb, 
(2) ** Boky-hottomed," broad in 
the beam. Line, 

BoLACE, #. Bone-lace. 

Bo LAS, #. A buUace. 

B01.CH, 9. To poach eggs. Yorkih. 

BoLDK. (1) V. {J-S.) To become 
WlieD he Qemeiites ipeche bude» 
Hjt hAxte b^anne to boUa. 

(2) V. To render bold ; . to em- 
bolden ; to encourage. 

It toaches us m Fnooe ioTadcs our land, 
ICot kfUt the king. Skakup., Lear, t, 1. 

Alas that I had not one to «oU me, 

Hjfck* Scomer. 

(3) a. A bold or braTe man. 
Ia)9.{A.»S,) Abailding. 

(5) a^. Magnificent ; grand. 

(6) adj. Smooth* applied to 

In ehooeeing barley for his use the 
' r looks that it be Mi^ dry, sweet, 

of a Mr eolovr, thin skin, dean Mtered 
from haraes, and dressed from fnni. 
Bess, seeds, and oatta. AtArty^t Wilu, 

(7) c<fr. Healthy, strong. Ni^^ 

BoLCHiN, «. An onlledged bird. 

BoLDBm,t. (1) Aloadreport.^br/A. 

(2) The rash used for bottoming 

chairs. Norf, 
Boi.DBaiNo,a4F- Cloudy and threat- 
ening thunder. Nurtk. 
BoLDBES, #. Round stones. 
BoLDHBDB, 8. Boldncss ; courage. 
BoLDLOKBB, a/v. Morc boldly. 
BoLDRUMPTious, o^t'. Prcsump- 

tuous. Kent, 


BowLDisH, V«. A large flat bowL 


BoLB, #. (1) The body or trunk of 
a tree. 

(2) A bull. A free bull, was a 
bull common to the town or 

Thay thynke hem fre, and han no |Q]ce, 
no more than hath a fre bote, that takith 
which oow that him hkcth in thr tonn. 
So faren thay by wommen ; for ri}^ht ns a 
fre hole is jnoaph for al a toun, right to 
is a wikked prest eormpcioan ynough 
for al a paxisrh, or for al a contray. 

Ckauetr, Fenoim T. 


A measure containing two 
bushels. North, 
(5) A small sea boat. 

BoLBABM IN, «. Sioople. 

BoLB-AZB, 9, In the romance of 
Octofian, t. 1023, 1039, this 
word appears to be applied to 
some kind of weapon; but it 
signifies some article used by 
potters in a poem in Reliq. Antiq., 
ii, 176, *<hail be 50, potters, with 
jur boie-ajp." 

B0LB-HILL8, #. A provincial term 
for heaps of metallic scoria, 
which are often met with in the 
lead. mining districts. Places on 
hills where the miners smelted 


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or run their ore, before the in- 
vention of mills and furnaces, are 
called bolet. 

BoLK-HOLBs, a. The openings in a 
bam for light and air. North, 

BoLB-wxEDy 9, Knopweed. 

BoLB-woBT, t. Bishop's-weed. 

BoLOSDi a^. Displeased; angry. 

BoLGiT, adj. Bulged? 

And after they <^m with gret navi, 
With M^t tchipis ful craAIy, 
The havyn for to hftn schent. 

BoLiNB, It. The bow-Une of a 
BOLiNGi J ship. 

BoLisMB, ff. (Gr.) Immoderate 

BoLKB, (I) V, (A,-S.) To belch. 
(2) t. A heap. P. Part, 

Boll, t. (1) A. ghost. Lane, 
(2) A man who manages power- 
looms. North, 

BoLLEp (1) V, (A.-S.) To swell; 
in a secondary sense, to pod for 
seed. BoUynget swelling. 

And the fliiz, and the barler was smit- 
ten : for the barley waa in tae ear. and 
the flax was bolUd. Bxodus, ix, SI. 

Here one being throng'd bears back, all 
Mn and red. Sk.^ Bapt ofLucr. 

(2) A bod ; a pod for seed. 

(3) A bowl, or cup. 

BoLLXR, «. A drunkard, one who 

empties bowls. 
BoLLBWBD, ff. BalUweed. 
BoLLEYNx, ff. Bullion. 
BoLLiNG, ff. A pollard. 
BoLLa, ff. The ornamental knobs 

on a bedstead. 
BoLLTNB, tr. To peck. Pr. Parv, 
BoLNB, o. (1) {A.'S.) To swell. 

(2) To embolden. 
BoLSTXB, ff. (1) The bed of a tim- 

ber carriage. 

(2) Pads used by doctors were 
formerly called boUten, 

(3) V, To prop op ; to support. 


rouad jam pudding. 

Bolt, (1) ff. A sort of arrow. ««It 
is an arrow with a ronnd or half- 
round bobb at the end of it, with 
a sharp-pointed arrow head pro- 
ceeding therefrom." Hoime^Aead, 
of Armory. Bold-tqfright, bolt an 
endj straight as an arrow. Some* 
times the word is used for an 
arrow in general, but more espe. 
daily for one thrown from a 

(2) ff. To sift. Nwth, 

(3) «. To swallow witboot 

(4) ff. A narrow piece of stuff. 

(5) 9. To dislodge a rabbit. 

(6) V. To run away. 

(7)v. To truss straw. Ghue, 
{%\ ff. Straw of pease. Eatt, 
(9) A quantity of straw tied np 

Boltell, ff. A round moulding. 

Bolter, v. To cohere ; to coagu- 
late. Northampt, 

Boltin, ff. The quantity of wheat 
straw usually tied up together 
after the com is thrashed out. 

Bolting-hutch. See BimUing. 

Boltings, ff. Meetings for dispu- 
tations, or private arguing of 
cases, in the inns of court. 

Bolts, ff. The herb crowfoot. Ger. 

Bolt's-hbad, ff. A long, straight, 
necked glass vessel, rising gra. 
dually to a conical figure. 

Bolion, ff. See BuUiont. 

Bom AN, ff. A hobgoblin or kidnap, 

Bombard, (1) ff. (fV.) A large 
drinking can, made of leather. 

(2) ff. A kind of cannon. Bom^ 
bardiUe, a smaller sort of bom. 

(3) a£^. High-sounding, as Lom- 
bard words, or bombard phrase. 

Their bomkard pkrate, their foot mad 
half foot words. B. J<m^ Art ^ p. 

(4) ff. A musical instrumeot. 

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[m. Cotton. 

Bomb AMB-u AX, 9. One who ear- 
hed oat liqaor. 

With that tfaer VitoA'd Hrpoeriaie on 
the pate, and nade raoa for a hamhmrd- 
■aa, Uiat homght boofe (or a oountrr 
ladj <v cvol B. J<m^ Luae Ratarei. 

Bombards, «. Padded breeches. 
BoM-BAJiuL, #. The long-tailed 
titmouse. NorikampL 


Hcer for onr fcod, miOkna of flov'rie 


nith long mutachoes, ware vpon the 

Heere UMfonnd fleeces, At for priaeet robcf» 
In 9inui fmreata hang in liuen glohfs : 
Hcer ■hmba d Malta (for my meaner use) 
Tbc lae white balls of AomAaM do prodaca. 

BovBAST, #. (Fr.) Cotton. 
(2) 9. To stuff ont, which was 
usaaUy done with cotton. 

Isthis ttttin doablet to be bamiMted with 
broken meat? 

An mderstandinf lonle in a piroase 
body, is like a p»d leg in a winter 
boole; but a foolith opirit in swell fea- 
tond body, ie like a miahapten ipindle- 
tbanke in a hombasied aiocking. 

Doiu'a PofydoroH, 16SI. 

In the following passages we see 

bow it became applied to writing: 
Give me thoM linen (whose touch the skil- 

fol ear to please) 
ibat eliding slow in stste, like swelling 

la winch things natnral be, and not in 

Wsely wrong, 
ibe loaDdtare fine and nnootii, the sense 

ii fall and strong : 
Hot b&miasted with words, vaia tieklish 

Bat inch as may content the perfoet man 

to read. i)n9^Pofyott., 8.zzi,p.l064. 

Tq floorisk o're or hmmiast oat my stile 
To makesnfh as not anderstand me amile. 
Ta^lor't Motto, 1023. 

(3)e. To beat; to baste. 

I will so oodgeU and homhasU thee, that 

tiion Shalt not be able to storre thyself. 

Ptlu$ f^PUagmn, Sign. K, 8. 

BoMBAzi, V. To confound; to 
perplex. ilM. 

BowBiLATioNy «. (la/.) A 

roing noise. 
Boif BLB-BBB, #. A hnmble-bee. 
BoMBONB, 1 r. To hnm, as bees. 
BOMMB, J " I bomme as a bom- 

byll bee dothe, or any flye, jt 

bruyi.** PaUgr^Bi. 
BoMBswiBM, fltfn. Helter* skelter. 

Bom NO, o^r*. Hanging down. So- 

Bon, (1) «. A band. 

(2) adj. for boMm, Prepared. 

(3) adj. (^..iV.) Good. 

(4) adj. Bound. 

(5) s. Bane ; destruction. 
BoNABLB, adj. Strung ; able. 
BoNAiR, ^at^. {A^S.) Civil; 

BONBBB, J courtly ; gentle. 
BoNA-BOBA, s. (ItaL) A courtezan. 
BoNA-socf A, ff. A good companion. 
See Bom^weio. 

Tosh, the knaves keepers ars my horn- 
9oda$ and my pensioners. 


BoNCB, ff. A kind of marble. 

BoNCHsr, ff. {A.-N.) Prosperity ; 
the opposite of mischief, misfor- 

BoNCHBN,e. To beat; to thump. 

Bond, s. (1) Bondage. 
(2) A band. 

BoNOAOBB, ff. A cottager, or ser- 
vant in husbandry, who hu a 
house for the year at an under 
rent, and is entitled to the pro- 
duce of a certain quantity of 
potatoes. For these advantages 
be is bound to work, or find a 
substitute, when called on, at a 
fixed rate of wages, lower than 
is usual in the country. North. 

BoNDBFOLK, ff. Scrfs, or villains. 

And fortherover, tber ss the lawe sayth, 
that tcmporel goodes of bomde/olk been 
the goodes oi her lordes. 

Ckmuc», Fermmu T 

BoNDBKAK, ff. {J.'S.) A husband- 
BoNDBNB,ii4r* Bound. 





BoNDBUs, «. Binding stones. 
Bond-land, s. Old cultivated or 

yard lands, as distinguished from 

assart. Sussex, 
BoNDT, #. A simpleton. Yorksh, 
BoNm, (1) adj, (A.-N.) Good. 

(2) adj. for boun. Ready. 

(3) s. {J.'S,) A petition ; a com- 

(4) 9. To seize ; to arrest 

(5) 9. To draw a straight line 
from one point to another by 
means of three upright sticks; 
a term in land surveying. 

(6) V. To steal privately. 
BoNB-ACB, s, " A game at cards 

called one and thirtiei or bone- 
ac€" Florio, 


««J- «wTl M« Lues venerea. 


BoNR-CART, (1) s. The body. 
(2) V, To carry on the shoulder 
articles more fitted from their 
vreight to be moved in a cart. 

BoNK-CLBANER, t. A scrvant. 

RoNE-DRY, adj. Thoroughly dry. 
BoNB-FLowKR, #. A dalsy. North. 
BoNB-HosTEL, s. A good lodging. 
BoNE-LACE, s. Lace worked on 

bobbins, or bones. 

Thy bnnd which thow did use to weare, 
Which was scarce washd id. times a yeare, 
Is turned nowe to cambiicke cieare. 
With broad hoHekte* up to the eare. 

MS. Unai., Ml. 

BoNE-LAZT, adj. Excessively indo- 

Boneless, t. A description of 
goblin, or ghost. 

Bonbnf.. gen. pi, of bones. 

BonbrbtI, s, (A"N.) Gentleness. 

Bones, «. (1) Dice. 

And on the borda he whyrled a payre of 

Quater treyedewthe clatered as he wente. 
SkeUo»*s fTorh, i,4&. 

(2) Bobbins for making lace. 

(3) The carcase of a hog is di- 
vided into — 1, the flick, or outer 
fat. which is cured for bacon; 
and 2, the bones^ or the rest. 

(4) To make no bones of a thing, 
to make no difficulty about it. 

BoNBSEiTBB, t. (1) A rough trot- 
ting horse. South. 
(2) A doctor. 

BoNB-SHAVE, t. The sciatica. The 
peasantry in Exmoor have the 
following charm against the bone^ 

Bone-ahme right, 

Bone-ahave stmi^t, 

As the water runs by the stave, 

Good for bone-thme. 

The patient must lie on his back on the 
bank of a river or brook of water, with 
a straight staff by his side, between 
him and the water, and must hare the 
foregoing words repeated over him. 

BoNB-soRB, adj. Very idle. West. 

BoNET, (Fr.) s, A small cap worn 
close to the head. 

BoNETTA, s, A kind of sea-fish. 

BoNEY, s. A cart-mare. Suffolk. 

BoNGAiT, V. To fasten. Cumb, 

BoN-ORACB, It. (Fr.) A border 
BONDGRACB, J attached to a bon- 
net or hat to defend the com- 
plexion ; a shade for the face. 
'' ComettCf a fashion of shadow, 
or boonegrace^ used in old time» 
and at this day by some old wo- 
men." Cotgrave. 

Her bonffraee, which she ware with her 

French hode, 
Whan she wente onte alwayea, for aonne 


Tke Pardoiur and the I^«, 15S3. 

Tod. Tou think me a very desperate man. 

I»ah. Whyso, sirP 

Tod. For coming near so bright a sun aa 

you are without a parasol, umbrellia, or 

a bondgmce. 
DtuauaU, Tha Man*s the Matter, 1669. 

In this hot quarter women wear maalu^ 
fous, &c. &c., and children hongrace* to 
keep their fsoes from being sun-burat, 
because beauty is delightful to all peo. 
pie. ^oor £oH», \T^ 





BosTBomffc, «. A priett. 

Bonis, «. A blow orwoand. Giyen 

by Kennett it tn Essex word. 
BoKifT, V. (Xtf/.) To convert into 

BoNiTo, 9. A kind of tnnny-fish* 
BoKiTT, #. {Lai.) Goodness. 
Bo!f KB, «. A btnk ; a height 
BoMKUL, ttdj, (1) Lnrge; strap- 
ping. Ea»L 

(2) V. To oatdo mother in feata 

of Agility. Sma»ex. 
BoNKXT, t. A hackle-bone. 
BoNKKA, md}. Very Urge. Ernes, 
BoifKAOHT, #. A tax formerly paid 

to the lord <tf the manor in Ire- 

BoKHBTs, #. Small sails. 
BoNNiBBi, #. A handsome girl. 

BoNNiLASs, «. A beautiful maid. 

BoioiiLT, adv. Pretty welL NorilL 
BoNmr, ttt^. (1) Brisk ; cbeerfuL 

(2) Good; pretty. North. 
BoNNT-oLABBBR, 9. Cfeam gone 

thick; bnttermilk. 
BoNNT-GO, o^. Frisky. Wight. 
BoNOMABLT, odv. Abominably. 

Ptti^$ Worka, ui, 88. 
BoN-socio, la. (//a/.) A good 
■ONo-sociOy j companion } a good 


pCQce to KifUey, whert ftrs Boaotnas 

|tctp74kraitniBf , llTdj iwukXMnm, 

Baii>¥ hilU, and barren TaUict i 

Jet io«-MCM# and good feUowt j 

{oml. joeiind, jolly bovlert, 

^ they wen the world's eoatrovlers. 

Dnmkm B mn u Ag. 

BoKsoum, s. {A.'N.) A Tault. 

ne tetias com oat of the didie. 
Of rede gold y-arched riche; 
The hotmmr vaa avowed al 
Of ich naaer dhrera animal. 

Sir Orpkeoy ed, Lmmp, 88S. 

BoNTBToua, mg. Bounteous. 

BoMTuio, t. A binding; curred 
bin of iron placed round ofens 
and furnaces to prevent their 
iwdling otttwarda. 

BoNVs ifocBBs, 9. A comiptton of 

the Spanish words ^ncnot nocAct, 

good night. 
BoNWOBT, 9. The lesser daisy. 
BoNx, 9. To beat up batter for 

puddings. Asrjr. 
BoNT, ff. A swelling on the body 

from pinching or bruising. Pr.P. 
Boo, (1) 9. A bough. 

(2) adj. Both. 

(3) V. To roar ; to make a noise 
like cattle. North. 

BooBT-HUTCH. A eovercd carriage 
or seat oontriTcd clumsily. J5Ssff. 

Boon, jrret. t. Abode. 

BooDGB, V. To stuff bashes into a 
hedge. Her^. 

Boonisa, t. "Broken pieces of 
earthenware or glass used by 
children for decorating a play- 
house, called a boody~hou9tt made 
in imitation of an ornamental 
cabinet." Broekeit. 

BooDLB, 9. The com marigold. 

Boor, a4f' Stupid. Lhte. 

BoooTB, «. Bigness. Yori9h. 

Book, 9. This term was applied to 
anything in writing, sometimes 
even to a grant. '* There is order 
for the passing of a ^oo* of £2W 
land." Letter dated 1603. 

BooKBOLDBB, t. A promptCT. 

vnx^tuMot. HethRtteUetbthepiayera 
their pari when they are out, and have 
foncotten: the prompter, or books- 
kotdtr. NoM€nelator, l&bS. 

Booking, t. A chastising. South, 
BooKBMAN.a. A clerk or secretary. 
Bool, v. To bawl. 
BooLK, tr. To abuse. Suffolk. 
Boom, t. A term for a stake placed 

at the margin of deep channels 

to warn boats from the mud. 

Booubb, «. Smuggled gin. Brock. 
Boon, (1) a^j. {Fr.) Good; lair. 

(2) t. A bone. 

(3)/Nirf. 0. Going. North. 

(4) o. To mend the highways. 

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(5) V, To glide tlong. 
The flnt of them booming by himielfe 
before the wind, with hit flag in the 
maine-top, and all hia aaylea gallantly 
spread abroad, after him came the 
admirall and the vice-adminill, and 
after them two more, the reare-admirall 
and his fellow. Taylor'* Worka, 1630. 

BooNCH, V. To irritate ; to make 
angry. Leie. 

Boon-days, s. The days on which 
tenants are bound to Vork for 
their lord gratis. North, Going 
to assist a neighboiir gratuitously 
is called booning in the Midi C. 

Boons, «. (1) Fowls. Yorkth, 
(2) Rates for repairing the roads, 
the surveyor of which is called a 
boon-master, JAnc. 

Boon-Wain, 9. A kind of waggon. 

Boor, t. (A.-S. bur.) A parlour ; 
an inner room. North. 

BooRD, V. To board. 

BooRo, "I (1) *. {A.'N.) A jest. 
BOVRDB, J See Baurde. 

(2) ». (from Fr. aborder.) To 
attack ; to board ; to accost. 

"Ext kmg with like again he boorded me. 

^w«.,F. C..II,iv,24. 
Philautus taking Camilhi by the hand, 
and aa time served began to board her 
on this maimer. Svph, B»gl. P., 4^ b. 

(3) To border, or form a boun- 

Boord's-bkd, «. The head of the 

Ebriscna cannot eat, nor looke, nor taOce, 
If to the boord's-end he be not nromoted. 
Daviet, Scourge of F^Uy, 1611. 

BooRSLAPS, ff. A coarse kind of 

BoosB, t. {J.'S. botfff bong.) A 
stall for cattle. Booty, the 
trough out of which cattle feed. 
Booty-poHure^ the pasture con- 
tiguous to the boose. Booting' 
gteket the post to which they are 
fastened. North, 

Boosening, v. a method of curing 
mad people by immersion. Brandos 
Pop. Jntiq.,'i\\, 149. 

BoosHyV. TogoreasabolL We$t, 


BoosoN, 1 #. A trough or siro- 
BUS HON, Vger for cattle. Leie. 
BooziNOfi, J and Wqrw. 
BoosTERiNO, part. a. Sweating 

at work; working so hard tliRt 

you perspire. Exmoor. 
BoosY, adj. Intoxicated. 
Boot, (1) s. {A.-S.) Help; raato. 

ration ; remedy. 

(2) t. (A.-S.) A boat. 

{^)pret.t. of bite. Bit. 

(4) t. A kind of rack or torture 
for the leg. 

(5) «. Surplus ; profit. 
BooTCATCHER, «. Thc persoii at 

an inn whose doty it is to pull 
off the boots of passengers. 

BooTED-coRN, #. Com imper. 
fectly grown, so that the ear re- 
mains partly enclosed in the 
sheath. South, 

BooTHALiNO,t. Freebooting; rob- 

— Well, Don John, 

If yon do spring a leak, or get an itch. 

'Till ye claw off your cnrPd pate* u&aiJc 
your night walks, 

You must be atill a boot^Ui^. 

B. taU Fl., CkmHcea, i, 4, 

BooT-RALER, t. A fireelKMter. CoU 
grave explains pieoreur to be 
** a boot-baler (in a friend's coun^ 
try), a ravening or filching %ouU 

Sir, captain, mad Mary, the gull mi 
own father (dapper air Dnrj), |a,j 
these London boot-hakrs, the catcli* 
poles, hi ambush to set upon me. 

BooTHXR, #. A bowl-shaped harci 

flinty stone. North, 
BooTHYR, «. A small ship lifted 01 

rivers. Pr. Part, 
Booting, t. (i) A robbery. 

(2) A mock ceremony of pu]iiab< 

ment among boys in Nortbamn. 

BooTiKO-coRN, t. A kind of reot^ 

BooTNE, *- (A.-S.) To xeston^ 

to remedy. - 





Biynde and bcd-reden 
Were AoeAMtf a thoiuaade. 

BooTT, V. To pUy bootr, an old 
tenn at cards, to allow one's 
advenary to win at fint in order 
to induce him to continue playing 

Bop, 9. To dip ; to duck. Emt. 

Bo-PBEF, t. A childish game, not 
uafreqacntly mentioned in old 
writen, and sometimes called bO' 

Akoat the arefaei Hmms dotk play I0- 

Whii any Trqjaa or eli merry Oreeke. 

The NoM MetamorpkoMt 1900. 

Boa, 1.(^.-5:) A boar. 

BoRACBio, a. (Span,) (1) A bottle 
or ?easel made of a pig's skin, with 
the hair inward, dressed in- 
vsrdly with resin and pitch to 
^p wine or liquor sweet. 
(2) RguratiTely, a drunkard. 

BoaAs, f. (^.-iV.) Borax. 

Golde adder, of some it is called bcrtu 
or ereene eajlh, whereof there be two 
lmaes,iiatiinli and artifieiafl. Nomenct. 

BoaAscoxa, #. Storms of thmider 
sod lightning. 

BoaATOB,t. Bomhasin. 

BoRD,«.(l)(^..Ar.) A border. 
(2)(4.-&) Aboard- 

BoRDAOK. 8. A bord4HafpenDy. 

BoRDE, *. (A^.) A tabU, which 
was made by placing a be«rd 
upon trestles. Hence, ioorc/ and 
lodging. *• To b<^n the borde," 
totske the principal plaoeat table. 
The Uble-doOi was called the 

BoRDEL,*. (jr..JV:) AbrotheL 

Heladde hire to the iordst thoo» 
Ifowmidir ia thoote arhe be wo. 


Theaaaeiehal the aan teDe pieynly, 
^ alte the eireanutaiuieea, and whe- 
wer he bare ayaaed with commune 
toriial vommaa or noon, or dooa hla 
"y»M m holy tyme or noon. 

CUuett, Ftnmtm T. 

That the woemea that ben at eomnon 
hordeU be ieyn every day what thev be, 
and a woman that liveth by hir Ixxlly to 
er»me and to po, ao that she paie kir 
dutie aa ohle custume ia. 

MggnUtim§ <^tk$ Sttwt, ISM etmL 

BoR]>vLL,#. A border. 
BoRDiLLKB, #. The keeper of a 

Bordello. {ItaL) A brotheL 

~ Worn the windmilt! 
Vrom the hord^lo, it mi|;ht come aa well. 
B. Jmu., Enry Mmm m Aw H., i. 8. 

Also crept into all the atewea. all the 

hraOicll-lMaaea, and burdeliotM of luW. 
Coryt,nA ii,p.lf». 

BoKDEKED, adj. Restrained. Shah, 

BoKD-HALFPENNT, #. Moucy paid 
in fairs and markets for setting 
up ubies, bwdt, and stalls. 

BoBDJOun, #. {A.'N,) A jester. 

B0RDLAND8, #. Lands appropri- 
ated by the lord for the support 
of his Uble. 

BoRDOUR, s. Apparently a piece of 
armour attached to the cuirass. 

BoRORAOiNO, a. Ravsging on the 
borders. See Bodrag, 

BoRD-rou. A phrase used by one 
harTcst man to another, when the 
latter is drinking, meaning that 
be may ha?e the next torn. 

BoRDRS, t. {A.~N. h€hordei$.) 

Bore, (1) part.p. Born. 

(2) a. A kind of cabbage. Tutter. 

(3) s. An iron mould used for 
making nails. Shropth. 

(4) a. A pore. 

(5) •• A tiresome fellow. 

(6) a. The head or 6rst 6owing of 
the water, seen at spring tides in 
the river Parret, for a few miles 
below and at Bridgewater, and 
also in some other rivers. The 
epithet <*Boria]l stremys" is 
applied to the Thames in ReKq. 
Antiq., i, 206. 

Boreal, a^. (Lai.) Northern. 





BoRBCOLE, s. A species of cabbftg«. 

BoREEi §, A sort of dance, in 
▼ogue at the beginning of the 
18th century. 

BoRBL, If. A species of coarse 
BUREL, J woollen cloth, generally 
of a grey or grizzly colour, and 
applied in a secondary sense to 
laymen, in contradistinction from 
the clergy. The term borelfolk 
and borel men, is yery common 
in Old English poetry. It thus 
became used in the sense of illi- 
terate. The third of our quota- 
tions contuns a pun upon the 

And tbanne shal bwrd derkes ben 

To blame yow or to grcTe, 

And carpcn noght a« thri carpe now, 

Vt caile yow doumbe houndes. 


For, sire and dame, trustith me right wel. 
Our oriioans ben more efiectuel. 
And more we se of Ooddis 8err6 thinges. 
Than horel folk, although that thay ben 
kingca. Chaueer, C. T., 7461. 

And we see by experience in trarell the 
mdenesie and siniplicit; of the people 
that are seated fer North, which no 
dottbt is intimated by a vulgar speech, 
when we say such a man hath a borreU 
wit, aa if we said horetde ingemum. 
Tk4 Optick GUuM 1^ Human, 16S9, p. S9. 

BoRELY, \adj. Large; strong; 
BORLiCH, J burly. 
BoREsoN, «. A badger. 
BoRFESiB. See Berfrey. 
BoROEON, V. {A.'N.) To bud. 
Thus Cham his broode did horgeon ftxtt, 
and held the worlde in awe. 

Wamei't JOiotu BngUmd, 1693. 

BoROH, «. {A.-S,) A pledge. 
BoROHEOANO, «. (A,'S.) A duty 

for leave to past through a 

borough town. 
BoRBAiflB,«. A flounder. North. 
BoRiTH, §. An herb used to take 

out stains. 
BoRJouNE,«. A bud. SeeBoryeoii* 
BoRUER, 9. A clothier. 
Borne, (1) «. A stream ; a burn. 

(2) V. To bum. 

(3) 9. To burnish. 
Born-fool, 8, An idiot. 
BoROW,#. A tithing. "That which 

in the West countrey was at that 

time, and yet is, called a tithing, 

is in Kent termed a borowJ* 

BoRowAGE, 9, Borrowing. 
BoROWE, (1) #. {A,.S,) A pledge ; 

a surety. 
This was the flrst aonne of shephenl's 

That now nill be quit with bale nor horrov. 

(2) 9. To be a pledge for another. 
BoROWEBODE, i. Suretyship. 
BoRREL. 8, (1) A borer or piercer. 

(2) A play-feUow. 
BoKKiD.adJ. ABOwmttritappetmM, 
BoRRiBR, I. An auger. 
BoRRow.PENCE,«. A term formerly 

given to ancient coins in Kent. 
BoRSB, I. A calf six months old. 

BoRSESf part, p. Burst. 
BoRSHOLDBR, «. A sort of consta. 

BoRSOM, 04^*. Obedient; buxom. 
Borstal, 8. ''Any seat on the side 

or pitch of a hill.*' KennetL The 

term is still universally current 

in Sussex, applied to the nume. 

roos roads or pathways leading 

up the steep ascents of the whole 

line of South Downs from Ea^t. 

bourne to Midhurst. 
BoRSTAX, I. A pick-axe. 
BoRflTEN,/^aW.j». Burst, niptared. 

BoRWAOB, 9. A surety. 
BoRWE, (1)9. A town ; aboroogh. 

(2) 8. A bower; a chamber. 

(3) 8, A pledge; a surety. 

Thanne Melib6 took hem up fVo tlte 
ground fnl benignely, and resceyrcd 
Sere obligadouna, and here bondes, bj 
here othes upon here pleggcs and borwe*^ 
and assigned kem a certeya day ui 
retoume lutto his court 

(4) V. To give security ; U> bail^ 
to borrow. 





(5) V, (^.-5.) To tare ; to gnard. 
I Bc^,«. A game, mentioned in Moor's 

Suffolk Words. 
BosAEDB, «. (1) A buzsard; a 

worthless bawk. 

(2) A worthless or useless fellow. 
Bosc, §. (/^..AT.) A bosh. 
RoscAGK, (1) 9. (A^N.) A wood. 

(2) The food which wood and 
trees vield to cattle. 

(3) Boscage> or leaf-work, in 

BoacBAiLX, «. (^.-iV.) A thicket ; 

a wood. 
Boscena, t. Bushes. 
Boas, (1) jiret. /. It behoTCi. 

(2) I. /i hollow. 
BossTf , «. A badger. North* 
BosB,(l)«. A dash, or show. Eat. 

(2) 9. Nonsense. A word derived 

firom the Turkish. 
BosHBS, 9. '*The bottom of the 

furnace in which they melt their 

iron ore, the sides of which for- 

nace descend obliquely like the 

hopper of a mill.'' Ketmett, 
BosHOLDBR, «. The chief person in 

an ancient tithing of ten families. 

BosKB, 9. A bush. 
BosKJED. See ButJte, 
BosKT, adj. (I) Drunken. From 


(2) Busby. 
Bosom, (1) v. To eddy. Yori9h, 

(2)«. Adesire;awish. 5Aa4;. 
Boson, «. A boatswain. 
Boss, (1) 9, A protuberance. 

(2) V. To emboss; to stud. 

(3) 9. A stone placed at the in- 
tersection of the ribs of a vault. 

(4) 9. A head or reservoir of 

(5) V. To throw. &i99est, 

(6) a. A hassock. North, 

(7) 9. A hood for mortar. EoMt 

(8) 9. A large marble. fFarw, 

(9) «. A master, or he who can 
beat and overcome another. 

BosctAOB, a. The projecting work 

in building. 
BossocK, (1) «{f- Large; coarse; 


(2) 9.' To tnmble clumsily. 
BossocKiNo, odj. The same at 

Boss^vT, 9. A game at marbles, 

also called ^ott mul ^pan. 
BossT, adj, (1) Thickset; corpu- 
lent. North. 

(2) Convex. 
Bossy- CALF, a. A spoilt child. 

BosT, (1) I. Boast; pride. 

(2) pret. t. Burst. Wnt. 

(3) adj. Embossed. 
BosTAL. See Bor9tal. 
BosTANCB. a. Boasting; bragging. 
BosTB, 9. To menace. 

And that he wnt threatened and hotted 

with proud words jriren by the Coivills. 

Sawet Corr*$p<mde»cc, 16M. 

BosTBN, 9. (i^..5.) To boast. 
BosTLTB, adv. Boasting. Gaw, 
BosTUs, adj. Boastful ; arrogant. 
BosvEL, I. A species of crowfoot. 
BoawBLL, f. Some part of a fire* 

grate. Suffolk. 
Box, (1) f. A boat. 

(2) 9. A but. 

{y)pret. t. Bit. 

(A)pret.t. Bought. Dewm. 

(5) conj. Unless. 

(6) adj. Both. 

(7) a. A botcher. TbriaA. 

(8) a. A sword ; a knife. 
BoTANO, a. A kind of blue linen. 
BoTABOE, la. A kind of salt cake, 

BOTABGO, J orrat)iersausage,made 
of the hard roe of the sea mullet, 
eaten with oil and vinegar, but 
chiefly used to promote drinking. 

Becanae be was naturally flegmatic, he 
began his men] with some doxens of 
gHmmous, dried neats' tongues, boiargot, 
•attsages, and such mher ftiremnners of 
wiue. BabelaiSt B. i, ch. 21. 

Botch, a. (1) A thump. Su99ejp. 
(2) An inflamed tumour. North* • 

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(3) A badly done patch. 

Botch BRY,«. Patchwork; a clnmsy 
addition to a work. 

Botch ET, 9, Small beer mead. 

BoTCBMENT, I. An addition. 

Bote, (1) pret, t, of bite. Bit; 
wounded ; ate. 

(2)#.(^.-S.) Help; remedy; sal- 

(3) V. To help. 

(4) adj. Better. 
BOTELER. 1 ^l,„^,^^^ 


BoTBif AT, 9. Bitumen. 
BoTENE> V. To button. 
BoTKVY sQj 9. {A.'S.) Help; assist. 

BoTE-RAiL, 9. A horizontal rail. 

150TESCARL, 9. A boatswaiu. 
BoTEws, I. A sort of large boot, 
reaching up to or above the knee. 
BoT-FORKB, 9. A crooked slick. 
Moil in the mone stoiid nut etrit, 
On it hoifork* it burthen he bcreth. 
Lyrie Poetry, p. 110. 

BoTHAN, 9. A tumour. Devon. 
BoTHE, «. A booth; a shop where 

wares are sold. 
Both EM, i. A watercourse. 


Bother, (1} v. To teaze ; to annoy. 

(2)ffen.pL Of both. 
Bothering, «« A great scolding. 

Bo-THRV8H,«.The squalling thmsh. 

BoTHUL, 9. The name of a flower. 

Pr. Parv. 
BoTHUM, I. (1) Bottom. 

(2) (A.^N.) A bud. 
BoTiNG, 9. {I) (A.'S.) Assistance. 

(2) «*Encrese yn byynge." Pr. 

BoTMB, 9. Bottom. Pr. Parv. 
BoTON, 9. A button. 
BoTOR, 9. (A.'N.) A bustard. 

Ther was Tenuoan of hert tnd bon, 
Swannet, pecoket, and Mors. 

Arthour and Merlin, p. 116. 

He brojt a heron with a poplere. 
Curlews, hoinn, bothe in fere. 

MS, Cantab., Tt. r, 48, 1 49. 

BoTRACBs, I. A sort of frogs, said 

to be venomous. 
BoTRABEN, r. To make buttresses. 
Botr£, 9. A buttery. 
BoTS, 9. Small worms which breed 

in the entrails of horses ; a term 

applied by gardeners in someparts 

to all underground worms. 
BoTTA, adj. Proud, pert ; assuming 

consequential airs. Norf. 
BoTTB, {l)pret. t. of bUe, Bit. 

(2) 9. A bat ; a club. 
Bottle, «. (i) A small cask, used 

for carrying liquor to the fields. 

(2) {Fr, hotel, boteoM.) A bundle, 
more especially of hay or straw. 
Bottle9t little bundles. Leie. 

(3) A bubble. Somer9et. 

(4) A round moulding. 

(5) iA.-S. botL) A seat, or chief 
mansion house. 

(6) A pumpion. Devon, 

(7) The dug of a cow. Ea»t. 
Bottle-bird, 9. An apple rolled up 

and baked in paste. Ea9t. 
BoTTLB-BVMP, «. Thebittem. East. 
BoTTLE-FLOwrER,«.Tlie blue-bottle, 

a flower growing among wheat. 

BoTTLE-HEAD, 9. A fool. 

BoTTLE-Jvo, 9. The long-tailed 
titmouse. Leic. 

Bottle-nose, 9. A porpoise. East. 

BoTTLB-NOSBD, 9. Haviug R large 

Bottle-tit, 9. The long-tailed tit- 
mouse. Northamp. 

BoTTLB-up,9. To preserve in one's 
memory ; to keep secret. 

Bottom, (1) «. A ball of thread. 

(2) 9. A vessel of burden. 

(3) 9. The posteriors. 
Bottombr, I. llie man who con. 

veys the produce of a mine frr>iii 
the first deposit to the shaft. 

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243 BOU 

B«TTOMiicG-TooL, 9. A D«rrow, 
coocare ihovei used by drainert. 

wm-oM-wiKB, 9. A particular mo- 
tion of the water obMrred in 

fiflTraT, adj. Short, stunty, applied 
to trees. Norihamp, 

MrraT-TEtt, ». An elder tree. 

^, «&'. Proud- Sn^olk. 

°^. t. A butty ; a partner. -PflZt- 

BoccE^AXE, I. (^.-M) An ancient 
^ in cookery. 

S^KtJtM. Take gode eovemylk, and 
^ liic in a pot, and sethe hit. and Uke 
*^ panel, yaope, and aarory. and 
2^ gode hcrbea, and sethe hom and 
^ ran amalk. and do bom in the pot ; 
Imh take bennes. or capons, or chckyns ; 
*«a tbai brn half nwted, take hom of 
^ mii^ and amyte bnm on peeea, and 
w ^'betto, and jrat therto pynea and 
^>;Bgcs of corance, and let hit boyle, 
^ wre fait forthe. 

Warmer, Antiq. CvUn.^ p. 66. 

BoBCHABT, 9. A name for a hare. 
JoccHrr, f. (Fr.) A kind of pear. 
J^B, t. (Fr.) To pout. 
wcDCB, ». To budge ; to move. 

BOTDS, 1. 

^tJcr, #. A louse. Wore. 
^trF?K,f. Belching. SJthmer, 
^t^CB, ». (1) A cask. The term is 
applied to the round swelling part 
^* ctsk, in Sussex. 
(2) (Fr.) An allowance of meat 
^ drink to an attendant in the 
^'^rt, termed indiscriminately 
J«Kft, bovffe, or bcwge^ of court, 
"&»?« qfecurte, whyche was a 
"erye of meate and dryncke, 
SorteUa." Huhet. In the ordi. 
^eet made at Eltbam, in the 
J?th of Henry VIII, under the 
title bouehe cfeovrt, the queen's 
ttaid» of honour were to have, 
" for thdre ^oiicA in the morning, 
^ chet lofe, one manchet, two 
pUons of ale, dim' pitcher of 

wine." *' Avoir bouehe ^ court, 
to eat and drink scoUfree,to have 
hudge-a-eouri, to be in ordinary 
at court." Cotgrave, v. bouekt. 

What is yonr bntiDcaif— JV: To fetch 
boudge of eomrt, a parcel of inrisible 
bread, &c. B. Jon., Muq. qfAugur§, 

They had h<mek of court (to wit, meat 
and drink) and great vagea of sixpence 
by the day. 

SUm^s Swvtg 9fUmim. 

(3) «. To project. IMe, 

(4) " To make a bouge," to com- 
mit a gross blunder, to get a 
heavy fall. 

(5) 9. To bulge, to swell out. 

(6) 9. To prepare a ship for the 
purpose of sinking it. 

(7) «. A small beetle. Lnc, 
BouGBRON, «. (Fr.) Abardash. 
BouGBT, f. A budget. 
BouoH-RousBS, I. Private houses 

allowed to be open during fairs 

for the sale of liquor. 
BotJGHRBLL, 9. A kind of hawk. 
Bought, i. (^.-i\) A bend; 

joint; applied particularly to the 

curve of a sling where the missile 

was placed. 
Bougbt-bbkad, 9. Bakers' bread. 

BouGiLL, *. A bugle-horn. 
Bouoova, #. (Fr.) A bardash. 
BouGT, 9. {Ft.) a small candle. 
BouKE, (1) 9, (A.-S.) The bulk; 

the body; the interior of a 


(2) V. (-^.-S.) To buck or wash 

(3) *. A pail. North. 

(4) 9. The box of a wheel 

(5) 9. A bolt. North. 
BouKBD, adj. Crooked. 
BouL, 9. An iron hoop. JJne* 


small wooden stakes made again 
the sea. Su99ex. 

d by Google. 




BoULTE, V. [A.'S.) To aift. 
BouLTBD-BREAD, 9. Bread made 

of wheat and rye. 
Boulter, «. (1) A person who sifts. 

(2) A sieve for meal. " A meale 

sive : a boulter : a serse." Nomen* 

Bocltino-cloth, i, A cloth for 

straining. " Estamine. A strainer 

of hairy doth : a bouUing cloth." 

BouLTiNo-HUTCH, «. The wooden 

receptacle into which the meal 

was sifted. 
Boumbt, adj. Embalmed. 
BouN, (1) a^. {A.'8.) Ready; 


(2) V. To dress; to make ready; 
to prepare. 

(3) f. A woman's garment. 
Bounce, «. The larger dogfish. 
BouNCBiNo, adj* Bending or 

Bouncing, oiff. Large. 
Bound, (1) adj. Sure ; confident. 

(2) adj. Apprenticed. 

(3) 9, A boundary mark. 
Bounds, 9. (A,'S.) A husband. 
Bounder, 9, A boundary; a limit. 
Bounding, «. Perambulating the 

bounds of the parish. 
Bound-stone, ». A boundary stone. 

The term occurs in a charter 

relating to Poole, co. Dorset, 

temp. Hen. VHI. 
BouNG, 9, A purse. An old slang 

Bounty, #. (A,.N.) Goodness. 
BouNTEvoua,! ,. 



Mine, qaoth the one, ii of a loumiwiu 

And in the tavernewill bedrunkeaUnieht, 
Spending meet larithlv he knowet not what. 
IhwloHdt, Iiuue ofSpada, 1618. 

BouNTT-DAT9,i. Holidays onwhich 
provision was given to the poor. 

BouR, 9. {J,»S,) A bower; a 

BouRAM, *. A sink. York9h. 
BouRDE, (1) 9. {A.'N.) A game ; a 


(2) V. To jest; to jape; to de- 


Where words may win good wil. 

And boldnesee beare no bluue« 
Why should there want a face of brasse 
To bourd the braTeat dame f 
TurbervUU, Epig. and SontuUei, 1569. 

BouRDER,«. A jester. 

BOURDINGLT, odv, lu SpOlt. 

Bourdon, «. (A.-N,) A sUfT. 
BouRDONASSE, 9, (fV.) A sort of 

ornamented staff. 

Their men of armes were all barded and 

famished with brare plumes, and goodly 


Daiut't Drmd. qfFk. de Cominet. 

BouRDOUR, 9. (1) A pensioner. 

(2) A circlet round a helmet. 
Bourgeon, p. {A,-N,) To bud; 

to sprout. 
Bourrolm, 9, The burdock. 
Bourmaidnr, 9. {A.'S.) A cham* 

Hail be te, nonnes of seint Man hovwe, 
Goddea iourmttidnet and his owen spousr. 
Reliq.Jntiq^ li, 175, 

Bourn, 9. (I) (A.-S.) A brook ; 1 

(2) A boundary, or limit 

(3) Yeast. Exmoor. 
Bournbde, aty. Burnished. 
BouRT, 9. To offer; to pretend 

Bous, 9. A box; a chest. Yort^h, 
Bouse, «. Ore as drawn from th* 

mines. Small ore, as waahed hi 

the sieve, is called botue-tmiiheii 




To drink, 
cant term. 

An ol 

Boasus will boio$e, and bragget be cim on 

(Or make them deadly dmnke) an Ikmu 

of men ; 
When he is foxt he plates the ball an 

And nitikea all men and women feare hU 
thcji. Dtme$, Seomgt qf F^lf, 16 1 1 

d by Google 




BoirsTOvs, ^. Impetooot. 

Boot, (l)t. A batch. 
(2}«. A tiini;ago; a Mt^toat 
(3)eoii;. Bot. 
(4) prtp. Without ; except. 
BouTKrau, «. (fV.) An iDcendiary. 
BuuT-HAMiiSR. The heaTT two- 
handed hammer used hj black- 
smiths. Eati. 
BouT-HOusK, adv. On the ground; 

aoTwhere. Wtght. 
BoDTisAi.By i. A sale at a cheap 

BoQziKo.CAM» s, A drinking 

BoTATs, t. As much land as one 
▼oke of oxen can reasonably cul- 
tirate in a year. 
BorB,pre>p. Above. 
BovERT, #. (^.- A".) A young ox. 
BovoLt, t. {liaL) A kiod of snails 
or periwinkles, used as deli- 
Bow, (I) f. A Toke for oxen. 
(2)«. A nosegmy. N.R. Yorkth. 
(3)«. A bow's length. 
(4)#. A boy. 

t5) f. A small arched bridge. 

(6) i. An arch or gateway. 
Bow-BELL, 9. One bom within the 

sound of Bow bells. 
Bow-BOT, t. A scarecrow. Kent, 
Bowcaa, i. The barsar. 
BowDiKiTE, «. A contemptuous 
name for a mischicTOUs child ; an 
insignificant or corpulent perwn. 
North,^'. Swelled out; ruffled 

with rage. 
BowE, (1 ) V. To bend ; to bow. 

(2) t. A bongh ; a branch. 
BowsLL-HOLB, «. A Small aper. 
ture in the wall of a bam for 
giving light and air. North. 
BowxN, «.(!) A narrative. 
(2) Early or half-cured sprats are 
called bowm sprats. 
Bowaa,,.(^..5.) A chamber. 

BowiRixoB, 9. The part of a tree 
consisting of the boughs. 

BowBRLT, Afr* Tail; handsome. 

Bowers, 1 «. Tonng hawks, be- 
BOWVT8, V fore they are branch- 
BowxasBS, J era. 

BowKTT, 9. Linsey.wolsey. North. 

Bow-HAND, 9. The left hand. To 
be too much of the bow-hand, to 
fail in a design. 

BowHAWLERff. A man who draws 
barges along the Severn. 

BowiB-FRAMB, 9. A pbrsse ap- 
plied to toads when together. 
Fairfax, Bulk and Selvedgo t(f 
the World, 1674, p. 130. 

BowiT, 9, A lanthorn. North. 

Bowk, (1) adj. Crooked. North. 
(2) 9. An article used in the 
shsft of a coalpit. 

Bowk* IRON, 9. The circular piece 
of iron lining the interior of a 
wheel. Weot. 

Bow-KiTT, 9. A sort of large can 
with a cover. Yorhh. 

Bow-knot, 9. A large, loose knot. 

Bowl- ALLEY, 9. A covered space 
for the game of bowU, instead of 
a bowling green. 

BowLiNo-MATCH, 9. A game vrith 
stone howls, played on the high- 
way from village to village. North. 

BowLTBLL, 9. A kind of cloth. 

BowN, adj. Swelled. Noff. 

BowNDYN, adj. Ready ; prepared. 

BOWNE, 9. 

bourns, battell, or merestafe, or stone, 
JmUarim. Huioet. 

Bow-NBT, «. A sort of net for 

catching fish, made of twigs 

bowed together. 
Bow-POT, \9. A flower-pot for 
BOUOH-poT, J a window. We9t. 
BowRB, 9. To lodge. S^etu. 
BowRES, 9. A dish in old cookery. 
Bowsing, 9. A term in hawking, 

an insatiable desire for drink. 
BowsoM, 04^'. Buxom; obedient. 

Bow9omne9y obedience. 

Digitized by V^OOQ IC 




B0W88BN, 9. To dip in water, to 

drench or soak. 
B0W8TAYE8, s. Staves for bowi ? 
Bowar, adj, (1) Bloated by 


(2) Urge;bii1kT. Beri$. 
BowT, #. (1) (JFV.j The tip of the 


(2) Part of an angler's ap- 

BowTEL, 9. A convex moulding. 
Bow-WEBD, 9. Knapweed. 
Bow-woWi 9. A servile attendant. 

Poore anbegotten wether beaten Qualto, 
an hob-hansom man, God wot, and a how- 
wow to his lady and miitresse, Berving 
a lady in Italy as a Tom dradge of the 
pudding hoaie. Fhilotimus, 1683. 

BowTVR, «. (1) A maker of bows. 

^2) A small ship. 
Box, (1) I. A blow. 

(2)9. To strike. 

(3) 9. A benevolent club, the 
anniversary dinner of which is 
called a boa -dinner. North. 

(4) To " box the fox," to rob an 
orchard. We9t. 

(5) Box of a cow. A peculiar 
meaning, apparently the wicket 
of the belly. York9hire Ale, 
p. 93. 

(6) To he boxed about, to be 
much discussed and talked of. 

Fray be nleas'd to send mo your mind 
about thia sermon: for Goodman 
Staidman's child is to be christen'd 
next Friday, and there it will be box'd 
about; and I am in a prat quandary 
about it. J}am§ HuddU't Letter, 1710. 

Box-AKD-DicB, 9. A game of 

Boz-BARROw, 9. A hand-barrow. 

Box-HARRT, V. To be careful after 

having been extravagant. Line. 
Boxing, adj. Buxom. Line. 
BoxiNO-DAT, 9. The day after 

Christmas day, when people ask 

for Christmas-boxes. 
Box-iron, «. A flat-iron. Es«^ An 

iron inclosed in a heater. 

Bor-BLiND, adj. Undisceming, like 

BoTDBKiN, 9. A dagger. See 

BoYB, 9. {A.'S.) A lad servant. 
B'oYB. Be wi' ye. 
BoYKiN, 9. A term of endearment; 

a little boy. 
BoYLBs, 9. Lice. Line. 
BoYLUM, 9. A kind of iron ore. 
BoYLY, adv. Boyishly. 
BoVs, #. {A.-N.) A wood. 
BoYSHB, «. A bush. 
BoYsiD, atff. Swelled. 
BoYs'-LOYE, 9. Southernwood. 

B0Y6TINO MILK, 9. Beestings ; 

the first milk a cow gives aft«r 

BoYRTONE, V. To cup. Pr. Pare. 
BoYT, adj. Both. 
BozzuM, 9. The yellow ox-eye. 
BozzuM - CHUCKED, odj. Rcd- 

cheeked. Weei. 
B05R, V. To move; to rise, or go. 
Braa, «. An acclivity. North, 
Brab, 9. A bpike-naU. Yorkeh. 
Braband, 9. Cloth of Brahank 
Brabble, 9. To quarrel; to 

Brabblement, 9. A quarrel. 
Bra ceo, adj. Diligent ; laborious. 

Brace, (1) 9. (A.-N.) Armour for 

ttie arms. 

(2) V. To embrace. 

(3) 9. (A.'N.) An arm of the set. 

(4) V. To brave a person; to 

(5) 9. The clasp of a buckle. 

(6) (Fr.) A piece of timber with 
a bevil joint, to keep the parts of 
a building together. 

(7) 9. Warlike preparation. 
Bracer, 1».(1) (-<^.- AT.) Armour 

braser, J for the arms. 
(2) {Fr. Bra98art.) A piece of 
wood worn on the arm in playing 
at ball or balloon. 
Brach, 9. {A.'N.) A kind of small 





scenting hoand. *' Catenas, • 
▼err littdl hounde or kraehe, a 
wbelpe."£^/. The word seems 
at a late period to have lieen used 
generally for a bitch. Brath was 
the ancient Cornish name of the 
masiiir dog. 

There are ia Eagbnd and SootUad two 
Linds of banTing-dog», and do «hrre 
die m ihe worid : the first kind ia railed 
time rmckt (Scotch), and this la a luou 
Menting creature, both of mild bemta, 
birds, and flsties alao, vhich he hid 
tawog the rocks: thr female thrrcor in 
Bag land ta called a irmche. A brnrk la a 
naanerljF name for all hound-bitcbca. 
GemUemoM** Beeremiiom, p. 27. 

Bndk lfernaian,~the poor cur it ini boat- 
Ami couple Cknrdervith the deepniuutb'd 
inek. SktJketp^ Tarn, Skr. induct. 

Ha' ye any krmtkes to apade. 

B.mmdFl.,B€gga3^9Bm$k^m, 1. 

BaACHicoumT, «. A horse with its 
fore-legs bent naturally. 


tbort-hand writer. 
BaxciN'o, a. Cool, applied to the 

BaAciN6-6iB.DLx, a. A kind of belt. 

BaACK, (1) #. A break, or crack ; 
a flaw. 

Having a t^ngne aa nimble as his 
needle, vith Mnrtie patches of glarering 
flatterr. to atitch ap the hrtteka, he. 

Jmtomo amd MelVida, 1603. 

(2) I. A piece. Ketmett. 

(3) «. Salt water ; brine ; some- 
times, river-water. 

Soffolke a annne halfe riaen from the iraek, 
Norlolka a Triton on a dolphina backe. 

DrmytotCi Pocmt^ p. 30. 
Where, in dear zivers beauiifted with 

The aber Naiadea bathe them in the hraek. 
Uraytom^ Mmh m tJu Moom, 

(4^ a. A sort of harrow. North. 

W) V. To mount ordnance. 

(6) «. A cliff or crag. 
BnACK-BREED.a^^*. Tasted. ^orM. 
BEACKXN.a. Fern. NortlL 
BaACKBN-CLOca, I. A small brown 

beetle found on fern. 
BaAK£T-n0LBS, a. A trivet for 

holding toast before the Are. 

Bracklv, v. To break ; to crumble 
to pieces. NorthanqfL 

Bracklt, adj. Brittle. Staff. 

BaACKwoRT, a. A small portion 
of beer in one of its early stages, 
kept by itself till it turned yellow, 
when it was added to the rest. 
Marriton*9 Deicr, of EngL 

BRACONiKR,a. (Fr.) The bemer. 
or man that held the hounds. At 
present the term ^acoiiMJ#r is 
applied in France to a poacker. 

Brad, Mfj, (1) Spread out; ex- 
tended. North, 
(2)(W..5.) Roasted. 

(3) Hot ; inflamed. North. 

(4) a. A small nail without a head. 
Braddir, atg. Broader. 

^\'f ««,■;» \^J' ComforUbly 
lllllll' f wimed. />,c«f. 


Brade, (1) 9. {A.'S.) To pretend. 

(2) V. To bray ; to cry. 

l^)ttdj. Broad; large. 
Brades, a. Necklaces, or hanging 

Bradow, v. To spread ; to cover. 

Brads, a. (1) Small nails. 

(2) Money. £ifejr. 
Bra EL, a. The back part of a 

BRAFrAM. See Barfhame. 
Brag, (I) adj. (from the Fr. v. 

hragutr.) Brisk; spirited; proud. 
It brought the spidrrt Mfcaine. kraa and bold. 
Heyusood't Spider and Ft'u, 1556. 
I vaa (the more foole 1; so proud and hra^j^ 
I sent to you against Si. James his faire 
A tierce of elaret-wine, a frreui fat stai;. &r. 
Uarringt., Ep., ii, 51. 

(2) a. A ghost or goblin. North. 

(3) a. An old game at cards. 
Braoance, adj. Bragging. Tbtme- 

ley Myst. 
Braget, 1 a. a sort of beverage 
BRAGOAT, V formerly esteemed in 
BRAGOT, J Wales and the West 

of England. 





By me that knows not neck-beef from a 

If or cannot relish hraaaat Trom ambrusi>>. 
B. and T%., JUttU Thief, act 1. 
7b make Bragottif. Take to z galons of 
ale, iij potell of ^na wone, and lii 
qaartia of honv, and putt tlierto canell 
J. ii\). peper achori or long, 5. iig., enlin> 
gHlc, f. {., and clo«78, t. j., and Kinjciver, 
J.ij. MS.UlheeHt. 

» The following it a later receipt 
for making "braggef*: 
lUce three or four gnlons of eood ale 
or more at jon please, two uayea or 
three after it it dented, and put it into 
a pot bv itselfc, then draw forth a pottle 
thereof, and put to it a quart of K^od 
Knglish hony, and set them over the fire 
in a reisell, and let them Imle fairc and 
Boftly, and alwayet at any frmh nriseth 
skunime it awny, and to clarifie it, and 
when it 11 well clarified, take it off the 
Are, and let it coole, and put thereto of 
pepper a penny worth, cloves, mace, 
ginger, nutmegs, ciuamon, of each two 
penny worth, beaten to poia-der, stir 
them well together, and act them over 
the fire to boyle againe awhile, then 
being milke-warme put it 10 the rett. 
and stirre all together, and let it itand 
two or three daiei, and put barme upon 
it, and drink it at your pleasnrr. 

Hmcn qf Health. 

Braooable, adj. Poorly; indif- 
ferent. Shropth. 

Braggadocia, 9, A braggart. 

Braogaty, adj. Mottled, like an 
adder, with a tendency to brown. 

Bragged, adj. Pregnant ; in foal. 

Bragoer, 1«. a wooden bracket, 
BRAOOBT, J or corbel. 

Braooing-jack, t. A boaster. 
•* Thrato, a vaineglorious fellow, 
a craker, a boaster, a bragging- 
Jaeke." Nomenclator. 

Braggle, v. To poke about. West. 

Bra OGLED, adj. Brindled. So- 

Braglesb, adj. Without osten- 

Braoly, adv. Briskly; finely. 

Braid, (1) 9. To resemble. North, 

(2) «. A reproach. 

(3) V. To upbraid. 

(4) r {A.^S. hregd.) A start; a 
sudden movement ; a frigbt. 

— When with a hrmie 
A deep-fet sigh he gave, and therewithal 
Claspmg hit handa, to heav'n he cast ^is 
Bight. Ftrrex and Porrex, O. P., i, Ik*. 

'5^ 9. A toss of the head. 

6) I. A moment of time. 

^7) «. Hastiness of mind; passian ; 


(8) 9. Craft ; deceit. 

(9) adj. Quick; hasty. 

(10) #. (^.-5.) DecciU 

(11) *. A blade of com. Norf. 

(12) V, To beat or press, cbi*fly 
applied to culinary objects. £m/. 

(13) r. To nauseate. North. 
(U) ». To net. Dorset. 

(15) #. A row of underwood, 
chopped up and laid lengthways. 

(16) r. To fade or lose colour. 
Braide, v. {A.'S.) (1) To start 

quickly or suddenly ; to leap ; to 


(2) To draw forth, as to pull a 

sword out of the scabbard. 

^3) To strike; to beat down. 

(4) To brandish. 
Braids RY, 9. Embroidery. Wight. 
Braids. «. (1) A wicker guard to 

protect newly grafted treea. 


(2) Scales. North, 
Braidy, adj. Foolish. York9h, 
Brail, v. (Pr.) To put a piece of 

leather over the pinion of one of 

the hawk's wings to keep it close. 

A term in falconry. BraU-fea^ 

ther9, the long small white fea. 

thers under the taiL 

Alatl our tex it moat wretched, nurs'd 
up from infancy in continual alarery 
No tooner are we able to prey for our> 
telvet, but they brail and hood ua to w 1 th 
iour awe of our ptrentt, tbat we dare uot 
offer to bate at our detiret. 

JOimatar, 0. P., rii. 1 79. 

Brain, «. To beat out the brains. 
Brain-crazed, a</f. Mad. 





irint a'tria-tniB trick k Uutf The 
muter aad the man both iraui-«ru'(<; 
■s theoneu'daie, m did the other my 

BaAixiSH, A(f- ^^ Skaketp, 
BaAiN-LKAjr, 9. A kind of plint. 
Braik-pan, 9, The skull. 
Brainsick, a^. WildbruDed ; mid. 
Brain-stones, t. A name formerly 

p^tn to stones the size of one's 

bead, nearlr round, foond in 

WUuhire. Avbrey. 
Brain-wood, o^p. Qntte mad. 
Braird, (1) tdj. Tender; fresh. 


(2) 9. (J.'S, Word,) The first 

blade of grass. 
Braissit (for brttctd,) Inclosed. 
Braist, adj. Burst. 
Brait, *. (1) {A.^S,) A sort of 

garment, or cloak. 

(2) A rough diamond. 
BRAK,^r»/. t. Broke. 
Brakb, (I) 9. Fern; called also 

kraketu Still used in the North. 

Bmhf. Sir^joni^thisp^eeeofgroiiod, 
it toth not the name for nonfrlit ; it it 
called Femie doae, and, aa yun i^, it it 
faJU and lo overgroime with tbeae 
iroiey, that all the art we can devi«e,and 
lahonr we can use, cannot rid them. 

Hordem, Smnq/on JHaiofuey 1610. 

(2) «. A plat of bushes growing 
by themselves, a bottom over- 
grown with thick tangled brush- 

Tia but the Cite of pbee, and the nnigh 

That virtue nnst go through. 


Honour should pun haid, ere it drew me into 
thcae brate*. 

B.tmdFL, Ther. and Tkfod., t, 1. 

(3) »• An enclosure for cattle. 

(4) «. A snaffle for horses. 
Lvke as the inzit^ within the rider's hand 
Doth strain the hone, nye wood with grief 

ofpaine, ^ ^ ^ 

Hot need bcfoe to come m such a band. 

Surrey** Foems, sign. U, 3. 

(5) 9. An instrument of torture. 

(6) 9. A flaw. Sec BrjteM. 

(7) A strong wooden frame in 
which the feet of young and 
Tictous horses are confined by 
farriers, to be shod. 

(8) I. An engine to confine the 

He is fallen into tome hrmitt tone wench 
haa tied hun by the Irps. 

Skiriyg Offortwiitf. 

(9) 9, A sort of crossbow. 

Cmeae-bowee were fiitt among the Cretans 

Quarr^res and bolts the Sjrians bring to 

The ever-bold Fhenetians ftemisht beene 
With ^raihe and alinn to chroiuclr tin tr 

might. Great Srifinea Trog$, 1600. 

(10) a. An instrument for dress- 
ing hemp or flai. 

(11) I. A harrow. 

(12) «. A large barrow. NoHk. 
(13)a. Abaker'skneading-trough. 

(14) 9. The handle of a ship's 

(15) «. A sort of carriage used 
for breaking in horses. 

(16)9. To beat. Abrf A. 

(17) «. To vomit. Pr, Parv. 

(18) 9, A morUr. North, 
BRAKB-nusH.a. Asmall plot of fern. 
BRAKSN,;Mrf.jy. Broke. 
Brakbt, I. See Braget. 
Bralbr, 9. A bundle of straw. 

Bram AOE^. Akind of cloth,of which 

carpets were sometimes made. 
BRAMBUE-Bn&iBS,«. Blackbcrrics. 

Bramblb-sith, 9, A hedge-bilL 

Bnncina. A hrtmUe-nth or buah-sith : 

an hedge bill. Nomenelator, 15ba. 

Bramb, 9. (A.'S,) Vexation. 
Bramish.v. To flourish; to assume 

affected airs; to boast. Ea9t. 
Bramlinb, 9. The chaflinch. 
Bran, (1) «. To bum. North, 

(2) 9, A brand, or log of wood. 

(3) 9, Thin bark ; skin. 

(4) adv. Quite. Devon, Bnm^fuw. 
See Brand-new. 





Brancard, ». (Fr.) A horse litter. 
Branch, (1) v. To make a hawk 
leap from tree to tree. 

(2) V. To embroider, to figure. 

(3) «. A small vein of ore. 
Branch-coach, §. In the old days 

of coaching, a coach, called tlie 

branch coach, ased to go round 

the town collecting passengers 

for the stage-coach. 
Branch-coal, «. Kennel coal. 

Brancher, «. (1) A young hawk, 

just beginning to fly. Tbe term 

is also applied to a nightingale 

by bird-fanciers. 

(2) An officer belonging to the 

Branches, §, Ribs of groined 

Branchilbt, 9, (Fr.) A little 

branch or twig. 
Brancorn, 9. Blight. 
Brand, (1) «. (A.-S.) A sword. 

(2) «. The smut in wheat. 

(3) r. To brand turvet, to set 
them up to dry in the sun. Cormo, 

(4) V. To roast. 

(5) I. A spark. 
Brand-bete, v. To mend or make 

up the fire. Devon. 
Brands, «. To burn. 
Branded, a. A mixture of red and 

black. North. 
Brandbllbt, 9. Some part of the 

armour. Richard Coer de Z,., 322. 
Branderb, 9. Tbe supporters of a 

com stack. 
Brand-irons, a. (1) The same as 


(2) Red-hot irons for branding. 
Brandishing, a. A parapet. 
Brandle, t, (from Fr. brandiUer.) 

To totter ; to give way. 
Brandlet. See Brandrefh. 
Brandling, a. The angler's dew- 
Brandlt, ado. Sharplv ; fiercely. 

Brand-new, adj. Quite new. 

Brandon, ». (1) A fire-brand. 
(2) A wisp of straw or stubble. 
Brandrbth, "I a. An iron tripod, 
brandblbde, I on which a pot 
BRANLBT, | or kettle is placed 
BRANLBDE, J ovcr the fire. 
Brandrith, a. A fence round a 

well to prevent falling into it. 
Brands, a. The stems or stout parts 
of the thorn, after the small 
branches have been cut ofiT. Narf, 
Branduts, a. Four wooden arms 
fixed to the throat of a spindle 
in an oatmeal-mill. Shropah. 
Brano-wine, la. The old name 
BRANDS WINE, J for cou-de^vie, 
now shortened into brandy. 

Buy any irand-wime, buy tny hramd-teine. 
Beggar'i Busk, lii, 1. 
He confided not in Hanse'i brande-trine 
6. TifoJte, Bdid^s, 

Brandy-ball, a. A Suffolk game. 
Brandy-bottles, a. The (lowers 

of the yellow water-lily. iVor/: 
BRANDYSNAP,a. Thin gingerbread 

Branolb, v. To quarrel. 
Brangled, adj. Confused ; en tan* 

gled. Line. 
Brank, (1) V. To holdup the bead 


(2) V. To put a restraint on any. 
thing. North, 

(3) a. Buck-wheat East. 
Brankes, a. A saddle of straw. 
Brankke, v. {A.-N.) To wound. 
Branks, (1) a. An instrument. 

formerly used for punishing 

scolds, being a sort of iron framS 

for the head, with a gag for the 


(2) A sort of halter or bridle. 


Bransle, 1 a. {Fr.) A dance, tb« 
bransel, / same as the brawl. 

Brant, (1) at(f. Steep; per^n^ 
dicular. North. *^ | 

(2) adv. Up. ' 

{3) part. p. Burnt. Chesh^ 





(4) 9, A harrow. HuloeL 

(5) ». A brutgooie, or bamade. 

(6) tufj. Copteqoential ; pompous. 

Bbam-taii.,*. The redsttrt. Skn)p». 
Baamtsn, «4^'. Bold ; courageous. 

B&ASB, 1 V. To make ready; to 
BKAZK, J prepare. 

Sneb-vu ny Inrkc, I ihot no shaft in raine. 

My bow stood bent and inun^all theycnrc. 

iftrr./or if«^.. p. 609. 

Braskll, adj. An epithet for a 
bowl, used in the game of bowls. 

BkMe his sveet hoBonr's nranini; hrateU 
bowle. MmUrn, Smi., ii. 

Brasbt, 1 «. A kind of sauce, 
BBASiLi^ J apparently for fish. 

" Pykes in brauy," and ** eels in 

hratiU,^ are mentioned in the 

Fomoe of Cory. 
B&A8H, (1) «> The refuse bonghs 

and branches of fallen timber; 

clippings of hedges. 

(2) V. To run headlong. North, 

(3) «<$. Impetuous; hasty; rash. 

(4) f. A Tiolent push. 

(5) «. A nsh or eruption. Wett, 

(6) t. Any sudden development, 
a crash. 

(7) V. To prepare ore. North. 
Brash, Is. A sudden 

WATBB-BRA8H, J sickuess, accom- 
panied with a rising uf brackish 
water into the mouth. Wano, 

Brasbib, adj. Land that is light 
and brittle, and full of small stones 
and gravel, is said in Gloucester- 
shire to be braghie. 

Brash T. Small ; rubbishy ; delicate 
in constitution. North. 

Brasii,, 9. A word used in dyeing 
to give a red colour. It is used 
by Chaucer, Cant. T., 15465 ; and 
in other early writings. 

Brass, «. (1) Copper coin, half- 
(2) Iropudenee. 

Brass ARTS, 1 «. (j/.-iV.) In ancient 
BBASSBTS, J armour, pieces be- 

tween theelbow and the top of the 
shoulder, fastened together by 
straps inside the arms. 

Brassish, b((^*. Brittle. North. 

Brast, fnre$, and pret. t. Burst. 

Brast, 9. To burst, or break. 

Then gan she an to tobba 
It aeem'd her hcmrt would brtt. 
Hamma mtd JuUsi, Smpp. to dX. i, 333. 

Brastlb, 9, To bout ; to brag. 

Brabtnes, a. A rupture. Iluloet. 
Brat, 9. (1) (J.^S.) A short coarse 


(2) A coarse kind of apron. 

(3) A child's bib or apron. North, 

(4) A turbot. North. 

(5) Film or scum. North. 
Bratchst, 9. A term of contempt. 


Brathlt, adp. Fiercely; exces- 

Bratticb, 1 s. a partition ; a shelf; 
brattish,/ a seat with a high 
back. North. 

Brattish I NO, a. The same as 

Brattlb, (1) V. To thunder. 

(2) V. To lop the branches of 
trees after they are felled. The 
loppings are called hratttmgg. 

(3) 9. A race, or hurry. North. 

(4) a. A push, or stroke. North. 
BRATTY,adJ. Mean and diriy. Line. 
Brauch,!. Bakings of straw. Kent. 
fiaAvcHiN,a. Ahorse-collar. North. 
Brauohwram,«. a dish composed 

of cheese, eggs, and bread and 
butter, boiled together. Lane. 

BRAWOisOtOdJ. Pompous. North. 

Brayadobs, 9. Roaring boys. 

Bravation, 9. Bravery. 

Bravb, (1) ae^. {A.^N.) Finely 

They're wondrou kmt to^y: why do 

tliey wr«r 
TfaeAC scTeral habits f 





For I hare gold, and therefore will be hna§ ; 
In silks ru rattle it of ev'nr colour. 

(7rw»'# Tu. q., 0. PL. vii, 36. 

(2) 9. To make a person fine. 

Thoa bast bra9*d raaoT men (that is, 
liast made them fine, Deins; stiid to a 
taylor) brave not me ; I will neither be 
fac'd nor brag'd. Dam. Skr., It, 8. 

Thou glasse wherein my dame hath sudi 

As when she hwet then most on thee to 

gaze. T. WaUon, Somut 24. 

(3) «. A boaat ; a vaunt. 

(4) I. A bravo ; a ruffian. 

(5) «. A trophy. 

Troph6e, enseigne de victoire. A signe 
or token of victorie : a braw. 


(6) ad). In some dialects, they 
say of a person just recovered 
from a sickness, *^ He is braved 

Bravery, (1) «. Finery. 

(2) 9. A beau ; a fine gentleman. 
Bravi, #. {Lat.) A reward, or prize. 
Brawdry, «. Sculptured work. 

Bra WET, #. A kind of eel. North. 
Brawl 1 «. (Fr.) A sort of dance, 
BRALL, J brought from France 

about the middle of the sixteenth 

Brawl, ~ 


I*. J 

9, A brat, or child. 

Shall such a btgof't hrawt« as that, think- 
est thoo, make me a theefe? 

Oamwur Gurt., 0. PI., ii, 61. 

And for the delight thon tak'st in beggars 
and their bravls. 

Jonml Crew, 0. PI., x. S57. 

Brawn, «. (1) Smut of com. West 

(2) The stump of a tree. Devon. 

(3) A boar; a boar pig. 

(4) Any kind of flesh, not merely 
that of the boar, especially the 
muscular parts of the body. 

Brawned, a((f. Strong; brawny. 

Brawnbschedyn. Branded. Twu 

dale, p. 40. 
Brawn-fallen, adj. Very thin. 
Brawns, §. The muscles. 

Bray, (1) v. (Pr.) To beat in a 
mortar ; to beat ; to thrash. 

Twould grieve me to be irajf*d 
In a hnge mortar, wruujrlit to paste, 8bc. 

(2) adj. Good; bold. 

(3) r. To throw. 

(4; V. To upbraid. HuheL 

(5) V. To cry. 

(6) 9, A cliff, or rising ground. 
But when to climb the other hiil they gan. 

Old Aladine came fiercely to their aid -, 
On that steep bray lord 'Gaelpho would 

not then 
Hazard his folk, bat there his soldiers 

sUid. f^rf., ToMOf ix, 96. 

Brayin'O-rgpes, 9. Part of the 

harness of a horse. 
Brays, «. Hay thrown in rows 

before it is made into cocks. 
Braze, v. (1) To be impudent. 

(2) To acquire a bad taste, applied 

to food. ^brM. 
Brazil, 9. Sulphate of iron. 

Breach, (1) «. A break, applied 

especially to the break of day. 

(2) Breach of the eea, the brim 
where the waves beat over the 
sand, or where the foam is carried 
by the breaking of the waves. 

(3) 9. A plot of land preparing 
for another crop. Devon. 

(4) «. To quarreL Tu99er. 
Breacb-corn, f. Leguminous 


Breach Y, adv. (1) Said of cattle 
apt to break out of their pasture. 
(2) Brackish. Su99ex. 

Bread, 9. " To know which side 
one's hread is buttered on," i. «., 
to consider one's own Interest. 
<* To take bread and salt," meant, 
to bind one's self by oath. In 
Northamptonshire they say, ** If 
I don't speak to such a one when 
I meet her, there will be no 
bread in nine loaves ;" meaning, 
she will fancy I am offended, or 
too proud to notice her. 

Breaoinos, 9. The swathes or 

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lieipt of corn or grasi wherein 
the mower leaves them. Ckeah, 

BaxAO-LOAF, «. Household bread. 

Brxak, (1) t. Land in the lint 
year after it has been ploughed 
or broken np, after it has long 
lain fallow or in sheep-walks. 

(2) r. A stag break$ cover, when 
he goes oat before the hounds ; 
aad breakt fcaier^ when he has 
jost passed through a river. 

(3) V. To brt^ beans, to run the 
horse-hoe between the rows. 

(4) V. To tear. Hamp$h. 

(5) To break acro§a in tilting, 
when the tilter, by unsteadiness 
or awkwardness, suffered his 
spear to be turned out of its 
direction, and to be broken acrou 
the body of his adversary, instead 
of by the push of the point. 

BaBAiL-DANSK, 9, A treacheTou 

Babakditch, 9, A cow which will 

not stay in her own pasture ; any 

one in the habit of rambling. 

Brbak-ksck, 9, A ghost North, 
Brkaknbt, a. "A 

breaJkenei: a seadi^, or dog- 

fiahe." Nomenelator. 
Bheak-up, V, To cut up a deer. An 

old hunting term. 
BanAM ,a4^'. Cold and bleak. North, 
Brban, 9. To perspire. York9h. 
Brbakt-nbkd, 9. Assistance in 

distress. North, 
Breast, (1) 9, The voice. 

this, be able to nile their hreoMte* it« 

erery porpoae. Atcham*i Toxoph., p. S9. 
By my troth, the fool has an excellent 

knui. Skakap., Tw, Night, ii. 8. 

Fmy ye stay a little: let's hear him ain^, 

Vu^tntbntut, B.^Fl^Piigrim,in,S. 

(2) V, To trim a hedge. Shroff9h, 
(SJa. Thefaceofeoal-workings. 

(4) 9. To spring up. North, 
Brbast-rxot, «. Aknotofribbona 

worn by women on the breast. 

Brbat, 9. A kind of tnrbot. 
Breath, (l)f. Exercise; breathing. 


(2) V. To exercise. 

He would every morning kretUk himself 
and his hone in running at the ring ; 
after dinner he often danced in masks, 
and made sumptoooa feasts, and in ererr 
thing he did shew himself so magnitf- 
eent, that be cbamed the brans of nil 
the Italians. irwtor]r^/VaNdo»,165&. 

(3) «. To take breath. 

(4) 9, A smile. Somer9et. 
(&)a. Scent; odour, ^etf. 

(6) V, To bray ; to neigh. Denon, 

(7) Fatuere. '*And think'st thou 
to breath me upon trust?" 
Heywood, Royal King, 1637. 

Breath iNo-BOLE, a. A vent-hole 

in a cask. 
Breathino-whilb, a. A time 

suiBcient for drawing breath; 

a very short period of time. 

Ingmtitnde, I hold a vice so Tile. 

That I ooold ae'r endare't s Vrftkbig 


And thersfore ere 11 prove a ihanklcsss 

Time in his eoarM shall mnne quite retro- 
grade, l^fer*! Wifrkei, ItSO. 

Brbau, a. Spoon meat. North. 
Brbcre, a. (J,'S,) (1) Breeches. 

And wban that tluy knewe that thay 
were naked, thav sowede of fige leves 
in maner of brecM, to hiden here mem- 
hirs. Ckmueett Pertone* T. 

(2) The buttocks of a deer. 

Breck, (1) a. A piece of unen- 
closed arable land ; a sheep walk, 
if in grass. Ea9t, 
(2) A small hole broken, usually 
confined to cloth or like material. 

Bred ALE, 9, A marriage-feast. 

Bredb, (1) 9. {A,'S,) To roast. 

Man and hoos thai brent and hreddm, 
And her fodes oway ledden. 

Jrtkour and Mwl'm, p. 910, 





(2) s. Breadth. North. 
IZ) V. To breed. 

(4) adj, (^.-5.) Broad; extended. 

(5) adv. Abroad. Skinner. 

(6) «. Liviag; employment. 

(7) 9. A knot. Wett, 

(8) 9, {A..S.) A board. 

(9) 9. A biaid. 
Bredechbsk, 9, Cream-cheese. 
Bredhitithk, 9. A lamp of bread. 

Pr, Parv, 
Brbd-sorb, «. A whitlow. Ea9t, 
Bree, (1) «. A bank. North, 

(2J 9. (A.^S,) The eyebrow. 

(3) adj. Short, spoke of earth as 
opposed to stiff and clayey. 

(4) V, To frighten. North. 
(5)». AgiUtion. North, 

Breech, v. To flog; to whip. 

Brbbchmbn, 9, Sailors. 

Breed, (I) v. To plait. South, 
(2) Breed and 9eedi birth and 
parentage a:id relationship. **l 
know the breed and eeedof him." 


Brbed-bats, «. A maker of con- 

Breeder, 9, A fine day. Ea9t. 

Breeds, 9. The brims of a hat. 

Brbefb, 9, A gadfly. See Brief, 
••Flye havynge foure winges 
called a brerfe, Tabanue," Hul. 

Brbek-oirdillb,*. a girdle round 
the middle of the body. 
At ys hreggurdle that iwerd asiod. 

AskmoU MS., Ihtk cent. 

Brebl, 9. Perhaps for broL 
Why lowtt je nat lov to my lawdabyll 

Te brawlyng hreeU and blabyr-lypnrd 

byccbys. Digby Mytteries, p. 1(17. 

Brbbn, 9, A gob'in. North, 
Brebtb, adj, A term applied to 

light, open soil. fVe9t, 
Breeze, (l)v. To lean hard Devon, 

(2) 9, A quarrel. Var. d, 
Bref, adj, (A,-N.) Brief; short. 
Brbffbt, V, To rails ck. Lijte. 
Breoob, 9, A bridge. 
Brrgid, jior/.^. Abridged. 
Breid, 9, {A,»S, bregd.) Grief; fear. 

For crere were thou luthcr and les, 
For to bretre me bitter hreid, 
Asd me to puyten out of pees. 

WaUer Mapes, p. 843. 

Brbke, V, To break ; to sepante. 

Brbicet, «. A weapon; a sort of 

Brbme, a^, {A.'S, brem,) Re- 
nowned ; fierce ; vigorous ; cnieL 
Brench, «. The brink. 
Brende, (I) «. To make broad; 

to spread aboat. North, 

(2) part, p. Burn &hed. 
Brbvdston, 9, Brimstone. 
Brenk, V, To stand erect in a stiff 

and pompous manner. Yorkek. 
Brennb, (1) «. {A,'S,) To burn. 

(2)«. Bran. 
Brennimglt, adv. Hotly. 
Brent, a^. (I) Steep. North. 

(2) Burnt. 
Brbnwater, 9, Aquafortis. 
Brentbde, 9, {A,'N,) Courageous. 
Breed, 9, {A,'S.) The surface; 

Brbrb, (1) 9, {A,-S, brar,) A briar. 

(2) V, To sprout. North. 
Brbrbwood,! «. The brim of a 
BREWARD, J hat "Aile, a wing ; 

also, the biimme or brerewood 

of a haf Cotgraioe. 
Bat'SE, 9. {A,'N.) To bruise. 
Brkssemor, 9. A beam. North, 
Brest-apple, 9, A kind of apple. 

If nk orthomastira, Plin. mammamm ef- 
flgte^iptfo^aaTucA. SreMt-avpUs^or mpo- 
applet, so called of their likene*. 

Nomemelaior, 1685. 

Brestb, (1) V, (A..S,) To burst 
(2) 9. A burst, especially of sor- 

B^^BSURB, 9. {A.'N,) A bruise or 

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BaET, 9. To fide awmj ; to chtage. 

BuBTAeB, 1 «. (^..M) A para- 
BRXTKSCBB, I pet, or, more pro- 
BsjBTEXK, (perly speaking, the 
amxTisB, J temporary wood- 
works raised on the battlements 
in a siege. Bretaged or dre- 
tered, famished with bretagcs. 
BwerrvTLLj adj. Brimful. 
Brbth, #. Rage ; anger. 
BaxTHKL, It. A worthless 

Ban-HELiMO, V person; a mise- 
BaoTHKi., J rable wreti:h. 
BaKT-ouT, V. Com being verr dry 
in bairest time, and falling from 
the husks, is said to brti^out* 
BanTENS,9.(^.-5.) Tocanre; to 

cut up. 
Baava, (1) v. To speak; to in- 
form; to account. 

(2) ». To mark; to write. 

(3) adj. {J.'N.) Brief; short. 
BaEvsMENT, «. An account. 
BaavBT, (1) •. (J.'N.) A small 


(2) To more about inquisitively ; 

to search diligently. JFesi. 
BaETBTOua, #. A porter, or car- 
rier of letters. 
BaaviAL, «. A breviary. 
Brbviatb, (1) V. {Lai,) To 


(2) «. A compendium. 
BaaviATuaa, «. A note of abbre- 

B&KTiT, (1) V. To rammage for 

anything. NorikampL 

(2) A person who • oes hunting 

and fidgeting about. North* 

Baaw, (1) «. A kind of Inrd. 

^2) «. Broth. Comw. 
BaawAan, «. A blade oi com. 

BaawEa's-HoasK, «. A dmnkard 

was said to be one whom the 

brewer' t horte bad bit. 







9* \A,»S» briwatf 
sops.) Pottage ; 
broth. In the North 
they have still a 
brewU, made of 
slices of bread, with 
fat broth poured 
over them. 

For to malu hruti of Jlnutytu. T»k 
partrichji rotljrd, and rhrconyt, and 
qualyi roflUd, and lftrk>i ynul. and 
aemrmbre the other; aild niak a fiiA 
nirdel, and dmae the lleach in a dysrh, 
and atrNwe poadcr of galentyn tkrr- 
nponj aivk upon cio«y« of gelofre.aiid 
lenre yt /ortbe. IFMnur, Ant. Cul., p. 4L 

Brew€t of Jlmomm. Take eonyngf* or 
kiddea, and hewe hem nnali on luoscrls, 
other on pecya. Parboile hem vith the 
lanie broth. Drawean almaundf mylke, 
and do the tifinU therewith. Cast thereto 

JOH dor gal) D<pile and of g)'nger, «iili 
oer of rvi ; and color it witn alkenet. 
Boile it,'aiid mesae it forth «itU auxar 
sod powdor-doute. Forwuo/Cutyf] 

For to make bnut vf Lomiardye, Tak 
chekrnvs, or benny a, or othne flearh, 
and mnk tlie rotowre «!■ red as any hlod ; 
and tak peper. and kHnel, and gynfry ver 
bred, ana grynd hem in a morter, nod a 
porcon of bred, and roak that braer 
thrnne; and do that flcach in tliat 
broth, and mak hem boyl« togrdere, 
and atnry it we). And tuk Cf:vj9, and 
temper hem wyth jua of parcyie ; and 
viyng hem thorwe a cl<i(h; and wan 
that bruet ia boylyd. do that thereto, 
and meng tham tovedere wuli t'ayr 
greea, ao tliat yt be fat ynow ; a'l.d serve 
yt forthe. Wamer, Antiq. Culia , p -11. 

Baaw.LBDa, «. The leaden cooling 

vessel used by brewers. 
BaawsTER, «. A brewer. North. 
BaETDE, (1) 9. Force; violence. 

(2) V. To startle ; to frighten. 
BaE)B, V. {A.'S.) To frighten. 
BaiAN, V. To keep fire at the 

mouth of an oven. North, 
Briab-ball,*. An excrescence on 

the briar. In Northamptonshire 

boys put it in their coat-cuffs as a 

charm against flogging. 
Briars. Brought in the briars, 

t. «., deserted ; brought in the 

lurch; impeded. To help one 

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ont of the briars, t. e., oat of an/ 

Briart, «. A place where brim 

Bribaob, •. {A,'N.) Bribery. 
Bribe, tr. i^A.-N.) To rob; to 

Bbibb-pib, a. 

Sat with him I damn Um 1 to hear him 
employ hia barbaroua eloquence in a 
reading upon the two and thirty pnA 
bita in a shoulder of yeal ; nnd be forc'd 
yonraelt topraiae the cold h-He-pye ihat 
itinks. WyckerUf, PUun-4eaUr, 1077. 

Bribour, a. {J,'N,) (1) A robber. 

(2) A beggar. 
Bribrb, a. Robbery. 
Bricco, adj. Brittle. Cheth, 
BRicui, adj, Happy. 
Brick, (1) ». To break by pulling 


(2) a. A loaf of bread baked in a 
narrow oblong f6rm, tomewhat 
resembling the proportions of a 
brick. Warw. 

(3) a. A rent or flaw. Devon. 
Brickbn, (1) a4f. Made of brick. 


(2) V. To draw the chin to the 


BRiCKETTBa, a. The pieces of ar- 
mour which covered the loins, 
and joined the tassets. 

BRicK-KBBL,a. A brick-kiln. South. 

Bricklk, adj. Brittle. Still used 
in the North. 

See thoae orba, and how they passe i 
All'i a tender brickie glaase. 

Tisall Poetry, p. 59. 

Bricknoooin, a. An old mode of 
building with frequent wooden 
right-ups, filled in with bricks. 
Half-timbered houses are termed 
brick-pane buildings. 

Brickbtonb, 1 ^^^^^^ ^^ 
brick-tilb, j 

B Ric K-w ALLS. Making brick- walls 
is a term sometimes applied to 
swallowing one's meat without 

Bricolb, 1 (Fr.) The rebound 
BRiCKOLL, Vof a ball after a 
BRICK- WALL, J side stroke at 

Bricolb, a. {A.'N,) A military en- 
gine for battering walls. 

Brio, a. {A.-S,) A bird. 

Bridalb. See Bredale. 

Bridaltbb, a. A nuptial festiTsl. 

Briddib, a. {A.'S.) Brood ; family* 

Anoone he ordeynide a Teaael afore hit 
hole, ande put therin ereri dave milke, 
that the sen>ent witliehiain'Mwrnyirht 
lickehitoute. Qe9tABamm»ontmL,^.\9t. 

Bridb, (1) a. {A..N.) A bridle. 
(2) V. ** Cincischiire, to mince 
or bride it at the table or in 
speech as some affected' women 
use." Florio. 

Bridb-lacbs, a. (1) A kind of 
broad riband or small streamer, 
often worn at weddings. 
(2) The ribbon grass (oa&mui- 
grottii variegata). Northampt, 

Bridb- WAIN, a. A marriage custom 
in Cumberland. 

Bridbwell. a well-known prison, 
and often used for a prison or 
house of correction in generaL 
A bridewellMrdt a rogue. 

Ergaitnios. Semis ergaatulo inclnsna, 
qui e vinculia opua faciu Serf enaerr6. 
Aroge kept in priaon and forced to 
worke : a iridewgU bird, NomeneUUor. 

Bridob-pin, a. Part of a match- 
lock gun. 

Bridobs. (1) Bruges. 
(2) a. A kind of thread, made 
probably at Bruges. 

Bridlb, a. An ancient instrument 
for punishing a scold. 

Bridlbgoed, adj. Weak in the 
legs. Ckeih. 

»*if":~*°' 1 1. An).dfora 

BRIDLB-STY, > v^_^^ ^^|„ 

Bridlino, a. A bitch maria Rpp^ 

Briolino-cabt, a. A parting ton. 
Brioris, a. Breeders. 

d by Google 


B210WORT, «. Metdow^weet. 
B&iBF, (1) «. {A.-N,) A peUtion ; 

any tbort paper; a letter; an 

abstract ; an account. 

(2) o^'. ComiDon ; prevalent. 

(3) «. A horae-Oy, or gad-fly. 

(4) «. A breve in music 

Brig, 9. A otensil used in brew- 
ing and in dairiea to set the 
strainer upon; a sort of iron, 
set over a fire. 

Brigamt. 9. {J,'N,) A robber or 
plunderer. Originally, a soldier 
who wore a brigandine, which 
being light armour, these soldiers 
were the most active plunderers. 

Brigaxtajlb,«.(^..M) Abrigan- 
dine, a sort of armour composed 
of small plates of iron sewn upon 
quilted linen or leather. 

Briob. ju (ji,-N.) Contention. 

BaiGeK, 9, A bridge. North, 

Briggbn, r. To abridge. 

Bright, «. Celandine. 

Brightsomb, adj. Bright. 

Brioosb, a^.{A,-N,) Quarrelsome. 

Brik, A^. Narrow; straight. 

Brikb, 9. (A,-S.) Breach ; ruin. 

Brim, (1) «. The sea; flood; a 

(2) 4ug. The same as breme. 

(3) 9, The forehead. North, 

(4) High, in respect of locality. 

Brimblb8,«. Brambles. Devon. 
Brimmb, «. Public ; known. 

—Teat that thoa doest hoUe me in 
Is krimnu abmd, and many a gybe to all 
tiat keepe this plaine. 

Wantr't AUHtm Bnghmd, 1692. 

BBoncBB, #. A hat. North. 



I cuaot tas^ (befonaMhesaBcl broad 
bats cune into teatnon) how mach I 
have Ken a amaU puny wit delight in 
biaseU, and how horribly he has thouzfat 
to hare abased a divine, only in twnU 
ing the ends of hia gixiile, and asking 
Um the price of hia kriwrntr ; hut that 
phauie u aot altogether to considerable 
now. as it has been in former ages. 

SaOard^B OUervtUimt, 1671. 

Brimmlb, a. A bramble. fTe*/. 

BRIlfS. 1 
BRll«8BT.;'-^8***"y- ^^' 

Oestnin^. Virg. asUDa, Bid. tabanos, 
Pliii. Vesparum genus armentis infes- 
tnm. /tuM^, oZoTpov. Ariatot. TRhoa. 
A gadbee; a breeae-, a ' 


dnnflee ; a 
NommuUtor, 1581. 

Brimstonb, Aff. Rampant. Somth, 
^B^rNci, !•• To drink in an. 

BBINDICB, J »''«'**' *P»«^ 

Luther first krimcei to Germany the 
poisoned cap of his heresies. 

UtuiUng, in Bishop JewV* fforki. 

Let OS consult at the tareme, where 
after to the health of Mcmuhio, drinke 
we to the life of Stellio, I canrase to 

Prisius, and Ininek von mas Sperantna. 
Lflg, M. BomMe, ii. 1. 

Brindbd, adj. Fierce. Devom. 
Brindlk, a. The state or condition 

of being brindled. 
Brindlbd, tu^. Streaked; vane- 

Bringek, v. {J.'S.) To bring. To 

bring one going, or to bring one 

on his way, or to bring onward ; 

to accompany a peraon part of a 


And she went very lovingly to Mng kirn em 
ki* Kmf to horse. 

Woman kilUd w. k., 0. PL. vii. 288. 

Come, mother, sister 1 you'll Mng mu en- 
mirdt brother. 

Revengtr^M Tr., 0. Fl^ iv, S19. 

Tlie knyghtii re dv on Jnsters, 
Alley-anued swithe wel, 
Bnuuft and launce, and sweord of stel. 

Brink-warb, 9. Small faggots to 
repair the banks of rivers. Ea9t. 
Brisb, (1) V. To bruise, or break. 

(2) a. A bristle. North. 

(3) a. Fallow ground. Ea9t. 
Brisk, v. To enliven oue's spirits. 
BmsK-ALB, 9. Ale of a superior 

quality, We9t. 

d by Google 



Brisken, V, To be lively. 

Brislb-dick, «. A tort of fake 

BR»ft,«. Dost ; rabbiafa. Dewm. 

BnissLB, «. To scorch; to dry. 

Brissour, «. A sore plice ; a chap. 

BrisT'HIOh, adj. Violent. Yorkth. 

Bristlb-tail, 9. A gadfiy. North. 

Bristow, Bristol. Bristol milk 
was an old name for sherry. A 
false diamond was called a BrUtol 
ttone, from a kind of soft dia- 
monds which were found in rocks 
near that town. 

Coffee-houses «nd tSTPn» He roand the 
Change, just as at Loudon; and the 
BrutolmiUt, which ia Spanish sherry, 
no where so good as here, is plentifully 
drank. Journey tkn^ EngUmdy 17S4. 

Oh I yon that should in chooeiog of your 

Knowe a true diamond ftxmt a Bristow 

stone. Wit Best<»''d,\6iS. 

Brit, «. To bruise; to indent. 


(2) «. A kind of fish. Comw. 
BaiTAiN-CROWN, t. A gold coin, 

worth about 'five shillings. 
Brits, v. When hops or com are 

over-ripe and shatter, they are 

said to brite. Eatt and South. 
Brith. s. Wrath ; contention. 
Britonner, s. a swaggerer. 
Brittenb, v. (J.-S.) To carve ; to 

break, or divide into fragments. 
Brittlino, s. The slow-worra. 
Brize, 9. A gadfly. 

This briu has prick'd mr patience. 

B. Jons., Poetoiter, ui. 1. 

I will put the briu in's tail shall set him 
gadding presently. 

rut. CoroM., O. PI, Ti, 261. 

Bro, s. a brow ; the brink. 
BuoAcn, (1) 9. (Fr.) A spit. 

(2) V. To spit or transfix. 

(3) 9. A larding-pin. 

(4) 9. A spur. 

(5) V. To spur. 

(6) «. A sharply pointed stick 
to thrust into mows of oorn. 

To deflower. Jtficyv. 


(S) 9, A taper ; a torch. 

(9) 9. A rod of willow or bazle 
used by thatchert. 

(10) An irregular growing of 
a tooth. Broddtft a crooked- 
ness, espeeiaUy of the teeth. 

(11) «. To abape stones roughly. 


(12)«. Afishing.hook./Voii^/.P. 
Broad, «. A flooded fen. JSsa/. 
Broad-arrow, 9. An arrow with a 

large head, and forked. 
Broad-band, #. Com laid out in 

the sheaf on the band, alter 

rain, and spread out to dry. 

Broad-blown, atg. FnU-blown. 
Broad-cast, a^. Com sown by 

the hand and not drilled. South, 
Broad-heads, «. The heads of 

Broad-set, o^'. Short and thick. 
Broak, 0. To belch. Eiut. 
Began, *) «. Cleft wood for the 
BRAWN, J fire. Devon. A faggot. 

Brob, v. To prick with a bodkin. 

Brobille, v. To welter. 
Broo, 9. {j^.-S.) A rapture. 
Brocage, «. {A.^N.) A treaty by 

a broker or agent. 
Brooale, 9. Broken victnals. 
Broche. See Broach. 
Brock, (1) a. (A.^. broe.) A 


(2) 9. A cabbage. North. 

(3) 9. A piece or fragment 

(4) *. (J.-S. broe.) An inferior 
horse. A horseman was called in 
Kent a broekman. The word is 
still used in the North for a cow 
or husbandry horse. 

(5) 9. The insect which produces 
the froth called cuckoo-spittle. 
(6)«. A brocket. 

Bbockb, v. To brook ; to eigoy. 





Beocsxt, t. {A.'NJ) A ftag in iU 
third year; or, according to tome 
authorities, in its secoad year. 

Bbocklb,«<$- Brittle. North. 

BaocouR, #. (J,'N.) A broker. 

BBODDLB,e. To make holes. iVbrf A 

BaoDB, 9. To prick. North. 

BaoDBKiNS, #. (/v.) Boakint or 
half- boots. 
j BaoDBL,«. AhrotheL 
I BaooBLTCHB, mdj. Strong; fu- 

BaoDB-NAii^ «. A sort of nail, 
often mentk>aed in oU building 

BaoDS, «. Money. Late. 

BaoBAB, a^. {J.'S.) Tractable. 

Bbog, (1) «• A swampy or busby 
place. North, 

(2) p. To crop. Yori$h. 

(3) V. To catch eels with brogt 
or small sticks. North. 

(4) V. To trouble water. 

(5) #. A trick. Boot. 
Bbooobb, «. A badger who deals 

in com. 
Bboo«lb, v. To fish ibr eels in a 
manner called in some parts to 

Bboohb, (1) «. A sort of shoe 
** made of the roagfa hide of any 
beast, commonlT used by the 
wilder Irish." BoUmthed. 
(2) 9. Breaches. Suffolk. 

Bboidbd, o^f. {A.'N.) Braided; 

Bbokb, (1) t>. (^.-S. iruean.) To 
deal, or transact a bvsiness, par- 
ticulariy of an amorous nature; 
to act as a procurer; to be the 
means of seducing. 

Bat we do wuit a certain aeoenary 

Wooiaii, to Woke between them, Cupid laid. 
AmA., Xttddtf, ix, 44. 

Tit aa I tdl yon, Colaz, ihe't as coy 
And hMth as tbrewd a spirit, aa qnicke 

hM eta weoeh I hrok'd in all mjr life. 

JhnM^ QMf«'« Arcadia, iii, 8, p. 865. 

(2) «. A breach. Beeon. 

(3) s. A rupture. Kent. 

(4) my. Bxhausted; used up. 


(5) 9. A misdeed, or crime. 

(6) 9. A brook. 

(7) V. Sheep, when lying under 
a broken bank, are said to ^roAf. 

(8) V. 4J0 keep safe. 
BaoKKLB, atg. Brittle. 

Of iroM* kende his that beddthe, 
Forhy aa nore nautt dory. 

Bbokblbak, «. The water-dock. 
BaoKBLBTrB, 9. A fragment. 
Bbokbll,#. Rubbish. ** Gary away 

rubbell or hroMl of olde decayed 

houses. EnOtro:* Huloet. 
Bbokbn-bbbb, 9. RemnaBts of 

BaoKBN-omossE, «. To come home 

by Broken Crosse, t. e., to be 

bankrupt. Howell, 1659. 
BaoEBN-GBAaa, «. Grass left and 

mown after a field has been 

grazed by cattle. Leie. 
Bbokbb, 9. A pander or go-be* 

Bbokbt,«. (1) Alaik. Northmmb. 

(2) AUttlebrook. 

(3) A torch or taper. 

Bao BEING, 9. Throbbing; qui- 

Broblbmbb, 1 

BBAKLB1CPB, 1 9. The herb orpin. 
bboklbmp, J 

Brol, 9. (1) {J.'8,) A brat or 
(2) Part; piece. 

Bbom,s. The bit of a bridle. North. 

BBOMii>eHAif. Birmingham. The 
name was applied to false money, 
of which it was the g^eat manu- 
factory; and to politicians who 
were between Whig and Tory, 
neither one nor the other, a 

BBONCHBD,^;iarf./y. Pierced. 

Bbono, •. (1) {A.-S,) A sword. 
(2) {A.-N,) A torch. 

Bbondb, V. To brand ; to bum. 

d by boogie 




BaoND-iRON, a. A sword. Spenser, 
B&ovo, pari, p. Brought. North, 
BaoHSTBOP, a, A prostitute. 
Baoo, «. (1) The top of anything; 
the brow. 

(2) Brother. North, A broo- 
chip, a person of the same trade, 
or likeness. 
BaooD, v. To cherish. 
BaooDLB, V. To cuddle. North, 
BaooDY, adj. (1) Sullen ; ill-tem- 
pered. Dorset. 

(2) Dark and cloudy, spoken of 
the weather. Norihamp, 

(3) Broody hen, a hen which is 
sitting on eggs. 

Brook, (1) v. Clouds are said to 
brook up, when they draw to- 
gether, and threaten rain. South, 

(2) a, A boil or abscess. 

(3) a. To digest. Palsgrave, 
Brooklims, a. Water-s^ieedwell. 
BaooKMiNT, a, {A.'S,) Watennint. 
BaooM-DASHEa, a. (l) A dealer 

in faggots, brooms, &c. Kent, 
(2) A maker of brooms. Leic, 

BaooM-FiRLD, a. To sweep broom- 
field, to get possession of the 
whole of anything. Eaat, 

Broomstaff, \a. The handle of 
BaooMSTALB, J a broom. 

Brosb, 9. To bruise. 

BaosBLBY, f. A pipe, so called 
from a place in Shropshire where 
pipes were made. 

BaoBBWoar, a. Henbane. Gerard 
gives this name to the conaolida 

BaosiBR, a, A bankrupt. Cheah, 

Brosshimo, a. Gathering sticks or 

BaoBTKN, part. p. Burst. 

BaoTCHET, a. A liquor made from 
the last squeezings of a honey- 
comb. North, 

BaoTEL, adj, {A.-S,) Brittle ; un- 

BaoT-oaouND, a. Ground newly 
broken up. Weatm, 
'YTH, «. Pottage. North. 

DaoTH-BBLLT, f . A glutton. North: 
^^OTU%, 1 aiff. Enraged; an- 

BROTHLY, J ^' * 

Brotub, adv. Abroad. North, 

Brothbl, a {A,-S,) A worthtesa 
person ; a harlot. See BreiheL 

Brothblry, a. Lasciviousness ; 

Brothbrbd, part. p. Embroi- 

Brothbrbbd, 9, Brotherly af- 

Brothbr-in-law, a. A half-bro- 
ther. East, 

Brotbbrwort, a. Pennyroyal. 

Brothy, »^'. (^.-5.) Hard; stiff. 

Brotts, f. Fragments; droppings. 

Broud, «. A forehead. fFeot, 

Brouou, a, A kind of halo. 

Brouou-wbam, 1 a. Adishmade of 
broughton, J cheese, «ggSf 
clap-bread, and butter, boiled 
together. Lane, 

Broukb, v. {A,-S,) To enjoy; 
to use ; to possess. 

Brou8b,«. Brushwood. Weat. 

Brout, a. A bruit, or rumour. 

Brow, adj. (1) Pert; saucy. Aor/A. 
(2) Brittle. mUa, 

Browdbn, atff, (1) Amdooa about. 
(2) Vain ; conceited. North, 

Browdbne, tt^. Broad; ex- 

BR0WBN,j9ar/.ji. Brewed. 

Browbs, a, Potuge. See Brewet, 

They thank'd him all with one content. 
But especially maister Powea, 

Desiring him Ut bestow no coat. 
But ouely bcefe and browa. 

ring'* Half«.Peiiny»ortk <(f Wit.ltlZ. 

Browing, a. Soup ; pottage. 
Brown-clock, a. The cockchafer. 

Brown-crops, a. Pulse. Gloue. 
Brown-day, a, A gloomy day. 


Digitized by VjOOQ IC 




Bbowk-dskp, Ajf. Loct in re- 

flection. Kemi. 
BaowM-OBomoK, t. (1) A coarse 

•ort of bread. 

(2) A Urge earthen pitcher. 

(3) A small dose wig, with a 
single row of carls, said to take 
its name from George III. 

BaowN-LnMBRS, 1 Ripe brown 
BBOWNSHULLE&s. J nuts ; figu- 
ratively applied to generous per- 
sona. North, 

Brown btudt. A thoughtful ab- 
sence of mind. 

Aad in the Boreynge wlnn evny nan 
■ade h jm rcdjr to ryde, and lonie were 
on honelMcke letting fonrurde, John 
Bfejnoldcs foviide his eompiiniuii tyt- 
tynge in a krtnens Undp t the inae 
(ftte. TaU* mU Qm«^« dutwert. 

Why hov BOW, liitcr, in a motley m^mtf 
I'aith, this hromn itmdjf raiU not with your 

Toor habit and your thoof hts are of two 
B. Jcmmm, Ow AU0i'd, iv, 1. 

BaowBAOE, «. Browsing. 
BaowsK, «. Dry food for cattle. 

*' BfvwMe, or meat for beastes in 

snow tyme. F«tca." Huioet. 
Baow-BauAiiB, t. A triangular 

piece of linen, to bind the head 

of an infant just bom. Weat, 
Bbowtht, adj. Light and spongy, 

spoken of bread ; the opposite of 

cbisty, or clayey. Comw. 
Bbotlbby, f. (/v.) A tumult. 
BaoTLLT, adj, (Pr.) Broiled. 
Bbozibb. **Brozier my dame/' 

t. e., "eat her out oi house and 

Bbucb, «. Pottage. See Brevet, 
Bbuck, s. A field-cricket. North, 
BaucKBLED, a4f. Wet and dirty; 

begrimed. East, 
Bbui>lb, tr. To let a child lie till 

he is quite awake. Devon. 
Brub, v. To embrue. 
Brvbt, s. Pottage. See Brewet. 
BauFP, adJ, (1) Hearty; jolly; 

rou^h in manners. 

(2) Brittle l^rs#f. 

Bruoob, #. (A.-S.) A bridge. 

Bruilb, v. a sea term. 

Ovr master Rithard Swanlry. sseing 
their admntage, eaiiaed to irMr^mame- 
aaile, and edge within niu»k'-i sitot of 
tliem both, and there nainiainrd fl^^it 
with then till ranne-aet, and rrrftvtd 
no hurt at alL Tmylor't Work€$, 1630. 

Beoit, ( 1 ) «. (J.'N.) A rumour or 


(2)v. To report. 
A thowaad thingi beeldea the hmiU and 

telia. Mirr.forMmg.,^n, 

Bruitist, f. A brute. 
Broklbmpb. «. The herb onrin. 
See BrokUmhe, 

ItewL Alao take heyhore, walworte, 
white malowea, and imklrmpe, and bnylo 
hem in waters and waaah ihr toore ther- 
in. MS. \Uk etni. 

BRULLiMBifT, a. (fV. hromlkmgni,) 

A broil. North. 
Bbumblb-gblobb, «. A farmer. 

Brummbll, «. A bramble. Hanie. 
Brvmmock, «. A sort of knife. 

Brump, v. To lop trees in the 

night. Boat. 
Brun, v. To bum. North. 
Brunb, «. (A.'N.) Brown. 
Brunobon, a. A brat; a child. 

Kent. It meant properly a 

Brunnbo, adj. Shrank. Doraet. 
Brunswick, a. A sort of dance. 
Brunswymb, f. The seat Pr, 

Brunt, B4f- Sharp to the taste. 

Bruntb, v. To leap. 
Brurb, a. Brush «rood. Weat. 
Brus, a. Broth. See Brewtft. 
Brusbll, v. To bruise, or break. 
Brush, (1) p. To jump quickly. 

(2) p. To splash hedges. Yorkah. 

(3) f. A nosegay. Dewm. 
U) a. Stubble. Staff. 

Brushaly, f. The bushy branch 
of a tree. 

d by Google 

BRU 262 

BausK, adj. (Fr. Brn$qu€.) Rude. 
Bruslsrt, #. {A,'N.) A tumult. 
Bkuss, (1) adj. Proud; upstart. 


(2) 9. The dry spine of furze. 
Brust, (1) «. A bristle. 

(2) adj. Rough, or oovered with 

(3) V. To burst. Nwth. 
Bru8tino-8atue]>at» «. The Sa- 
turday before Shrove-Tuesday. 

Brubtlb, f>. (1) To rise up against 
one fiercely. 

'Sbttd I'll hru»iU up to him I 


f2) To crackle; to ms^. 

(3) To parch. 
BausT. Be gone I Bedt. 
Brutb, ». (Fr.) Rough. 
' Bbutbl, aiij. Brittle. 
Bruts, «• Old clothes. North. 
BaoTra. «. To browse. South. 
BauTTLR, adj. Wild ; furious. 
Bruzz, v. To blunt. Yorkah. 
BauzzLXDf atg. (1) Over-roasted. 


(2) Bruised. 
Bby,s. a kind of tart ''Tartede 

bry." Warner. 
BaTCHB, adj. Low. 
BaTDB, adj. Bowed ; broke. 
BaTOAVNTBSi 9. Robbers. See 

BAToa, 9. (A.'S.} Strife ;oonten. 


Amongst other, he lutpeetith oon to be 
hia aceusar callyd Champneys, whiche 
is u fond a Mowe, as mahciouse, and 
aa aediciouae a person, aa any in this 
shire ; he ia a tenant of myn, and was of 
laate my aerrant, and for sedidou and 
irygn that he had with ayr John 
Saynrtlo, and other jeatyllmen here in 
the ooontre. LetUr, 1636. 

BaroouB, adj. Quarrelsome ; Obn- 

BavaaNDBR, «. A brigaadine, or 

coat of light mail. 


An ancient diah. 



For to make hrymsut. Kym the thamqra 
^^ ^ PyKKC> *nd wasch hem dene in 
water aiid salt, and seth hem wel; nnd 
than hnk hem smule ; and gryud pepyr 
and aafron, bred and ale, and boyle 

togedere. Nym wytya tA eyren, 
knede it wyih flour, 

and Diake snial 

peloivs, and frye hem with wyte irrees, 
and do hem in dischea abore that othere 
mete, and serve it forthe. 

Warner, JnHq. OmXm^ p. 89. 

Brtm LENT, 9. A sort of tart. 
Brtn, 9. A way or path ; a joumey. 
Brtne, 9. Brows or bristles. 
Brynnt8» 9. Bourns; streama. 
Brton, 9. Wild nepte. 
Brybtb, 9. Want ; need. 
Bryswort, 9. The less daisy. 
Bryttlb, v. To cut up veniaon. 
Bryvb, adv. Brief. 
Bn, (l)v.(^..&) To bend. Niwih. 

(2) *. {A.'N.) An ox. 
Bdb, (1) 9. Liquor. 

(2) V. To throw out in bubblea. 
Buballb, f. (jAt, bubabu.) Ab 

BuBBBRy 9. A great drinker. 
Bubble, (1) 9. A simple fellow ; 

a man easily cheated. 

Are any of these gentlemen good hMU». 
SUUf, Th» Mutktrrg Gm4m, 1668. 

(2) V. To cheat. 

He'a a Bnekiaghamshire gnsier, very 
nch ; he haa the fat oxen, and fat sicrea 
in the rale : I met him here by chnncv, 
and oonld not ayoid drinking a glas« 
o' wine with hini. 1 beliere he's none 
down to receive money ; t'were aa excel, 
lent desini to ^bbU liim. 

Etkertge, Comtcol JEfMayc, 1669. 
This is unlooktfor fortune— but tin auch 
a good natur'd old fool, that methlBka 
*tia pity to hums him. 

Dtuftg, Fool tmm*4 CriiUi. 

(3) V. To dabble in the water. 
** Bubblynff, or bvbblyngin water, 
asduckesdo. An^MMm9.** Hu. 

Bubble- AND-savBAK, t. *A dish 

composed of beef and cabbage. 
Bubble-hole, a. A child's game. 

d by Google 





BirBBi»niB.iiy«ncB, •• AgUM, 

•aid to be tke Mme at nine-holes. 
BuBBLT-iocK, «. A tnrkcj-eock. 

BuBBT-BOTCK, #• A wft of tru^ 

or hamlborrow. Ijth, 
BuB-oouBLB, 1 #. AaortofftroDg 
BOVBLB BUB, J beef. 
BUBUKI.B, «. {L^t.) A botch or im- 

BucHT, «. A herding pUoe for 

•heep. Nitrtkttmb, 
Buck, (1) «. To waib. 

(2) J. A qoantity of linen waihed 
at oaee, a waab of dothea. 

Tbe wicked ipirit could not oAvat her, 

becune sht had washed among her hiek 

areloatbea,aeatholiqBe priMtes thiit. 

jMeL ^Fopisk mfort, 4Co, E, 3. 

Then aball wm not hare our hoaaea 
I np in the BifEbt, aa one of my 
f htbora had, and two great kueket of 
I Btolea oat, and moat of the same, 
fyaa lyjuten. 

Commtfar Com, Omn^ A, S, b. 

(3) «. That peculiar infecCion 
wbicb in •ammer aometimes geU 
into a dairy, and spoilt the cream 
and butter. Cormif. To he iucii, 
is, in Devon, to have a rankish 
taste or smell, as we say "the 
beer is htei'd," <Hhe cheese is 
iueki" In the dialect of Ex moor, 
milk is said to be butktrard or 
focivd^ when it smells of the milk- 
pail or backet, or turns sour in it. 

(4) 7b 6meJt eorHf to pick out all 
the floor or pith of grain in the 
ground, afUr it baa begun to 
apring, leaving only the busk or 
shell behind, which birds often 
do. Heuen. 

(5y #. A gay or faahionable per* 
aon ; a word in nae as early as 
tbe l&th cent 

(6) s. The body d a wagon. 

(7) a. Tbe iron in a wagon to 
which the horses are tied. 

(9) a. To spring nimbly. East 

{9) 9. (J.^) Tbe brMtt. or beUy. 


(10) r. To swell out. Sfmir$H, 

h\)9. To fill a baaket. KmU. 

02) u. To beat roritA 

Buck- n^aKBT, «. A clothes*basket 

BucKBBAB, 9, To tcaie, find taiilt. 

Buck-buck, «. A child's game, 
more usually called, ** bnck, buck, 
how many horns do I hold up ?" 

BucKBB, (1) «. A bent piece of 
wood, on which anything is sus- 
pended, as a slaughtered animal. 
(2) #. A broad flat hammer, used 
in mining. 

BucKBRBLs, «. A sort of play used 
by boys in London, in the time 
of Henry YIII. 

Bucket, «. A pulley. Narih, 

BucKBTS, t. Square pieces of boggy 
earth, below tbe surface. Yorkih. 

BucK-PATT, «. A washing tub. 

BUCKHBAD, V. To lop. 

BucKHOBN, a. Dried haddock. 

BucKBOBSB, a. A smart box on 
the ear; a cant term derived 
from the name of a boxer. 

BucKiNO-STooL, c. A wasUng 


BucKLB, «. (1) To bend ; to bow. 

(2) To quarrel. Somergei. 

(3) To marry. "Good silly Stellio, 
we must Auekle shortly." Mother 

(4) To buckle to, to return to any 
work, &c. ; to set to a thing in 

BucKLB.HOBNfl, «. Short crooked 
horns, turning inward. Y&rkeh, 

BUCK1.B-1I0UTHED, otff" Having 
large straggling teeth. North, 

BucKLBR, (1) 0. To defend. 

(2) 9. A great beam. Lme. 

(3) To give hueklere, to yiel^ 
or lay by all thoughts of defence. 
To take up the buekler»t to con- 

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A most muAy wit. Mamret, it will not 
bnrt ft voiuftn ; luid lo, 1 pray thee, call 
Beatrice : / giM the* th» iuckUn. 

Much A., T, S. 

Charge one of them to take wp tk« buekUra 
Against that hair-mon^r Horace. 

Deeter't Satiromasli*. 

Ag^ ia nobodie — when youth is in place, 
it aiwes the otktr the buctUrt. 

Old Meg ofHeref^ P. S. 

BucK-MASTy «. The fruit of the 

BucKRAM-BBARKR,». A dependant. 
Hii buckntm^hearer, one that knowei his 

Can write with one hand and receiTO with 

Tajflor't tforkes, 1680. 

BucKSHORN, s. A bawd. 

BucKsoMX, a4r. (1) Blithe; jolly. 

(2) Lascivious. The word was 
used in this sense early in the 
last century. 

BucKSTALL, «. (1) A net for taking 

(2) The stout part of a thorn, 
the branches being cut off. Norf. 

BncK-swANGiNO, s. A sort of 
punishment, which was adminis- 
tered by two boys taking hold of 
the culprit by the hands and feet, 
and swinging him with a bump 
against a wall. 

BucKSTicK, «. A stick used in the 
game called Spell and Ore. 

Buckwasheh, «. A laundress. 

BucK-wBBL, 9. A bow-net for fish. 

Bud, (1) 9. To make, or compel. 

(2) 9, A calf of the first year. 

(3) pret. i. Behoved. 

(4) s, A term of endearment, 
generally between man and wife. 

Mrs. Pin. Lord, budd, why dWc friplit 
me so ? WyekerUy, Country Wtfe, 16b8. 

BuD-BiBD, «. The bullfinch. West. 

BuDDLB.v. (1) To suffocate. Somer' 

(2) To cleanse ore. North, 
(3)«. The Teasel for this purpose, 
formed like a shallow tumbrel. 

BuDDLBD, a4;\ Tipsy. Devon. 

Buddy, adj. Fat ; corpulent. Xtnc. 

BuDDT-BUD, s. The flower of the 
burdock. North. 

BuDB, pret, t. Bode; endured. 

Budge, (1)». (Fr.) Lambskin with 
the wool dressed outwards. 

(2) adj. Brisk ; jocund. South. 

(3) adj. Proud. 

(4) a4f. Stiff; dull. Suitex. 

(5) 9. A bag or sack. Kenmett. 

(6) 9. A kind of water-cask, oo 
wheels. South. 

(7) t>. To abridge, or lessen. 

(8) 9. A thief. 

(9) V. To stir; to move off. 

The sounding well they like, ao in they 

And buig€ not till the tyler's pots were 

Itow1andt,Inmre9 ef Spmiet, 1613. 
And when wee struck downe one. the 
residne budgd not one tot till all were 
yanqnished. Berberrs TirateU, 16S8. 

BuDOBT, 1 9. (Fr.) A wallet; a 

BOuoBT, V leather case for carry. 

BOOKT, J ingthings behind a man 

on horseback. 
I am a Welshman, and do dwel m Wsles, 
I have loTed to serche budget* and look in 

males. Jndrew Botde, B. t^Xnm^, 

BuDPicKBR, f. The bullfinch. 

BuDRAM, 9. Oatmeal gruel. Notf. 

BuE, fli^*. (ijf.-JV;) Fiur. 

Busings, «. Joints. Devon. 

BuBN, V. To be. 

Bukr, «. A gnat. North. 

B u ESS, «. A stall, or station. North, 

BuF, 9. {A.'N.) Beef. 

BuFARious, aidj, Mendactons. 

Buff, (1) ». To rebound. A wood- 
man will say bis axe tn^9 when 
it strikes on a tough piece of 
wood and rebounds without cut- 
ting. Wtarw, 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 




(2) 9. To emit a dall somiil, m a 

bladder liUed with wiod. Buffed- 

heilt are toUed or rang with a 

coTering. Wmw. 

(3)t. Leather made of a buffalo's 


(4) «. The bare Blcin. To be in 
bt^, it equivalent to l)etng naked. 

(5) V. To beat or strike. Spenser 
uses it for buffet* 

(6) V. To boasL 

(7) J. A tuft or hassock. Kent. 

(8) 9. The bough of a tree. North, 

(9) s. A buffalo. 

(10) Buff ne haff^ neither one 
thing nor another. In North- 
amptonshire they still say huff 
flM>r hum^ in the same meaning. 

A ecrtiune penone being of hym [So- 
crates] bidden eood speedc, wied to hvm 

•^ne nather k^ n* baff, [thftt it» mi 
bin no kind of ftniwerj. Neither i 
Soentes therevith any thing discon- 



Bu7FARD,l«. (J.'N.) A foolish 

BUPTBK, J fellow. 

BuTFB, 1 V. To statter, or stam- 
BurrLB, J mer. 
BuTFBT, s. (I) A cushion for the 

feet ; a small ottoman ; sometimes 

called a buffet-stooL 

(2) (Fr.) A kind of cupboard. 

(3) A blow. 

Boma, «. A Tent-hole in a cask. 
Buffi K, s, A sort of coarse cloth. 
BuFFiNO-KNiFB, «. A kulfc for 

scraping leather. 
Buff- jBRKi s, ». A leathern jacket, 

worn usually by seijeanu and 

Bufflb, (1) #. A buffalo. 

(2) V. To handle clumsily. EoMt, 

(3) 9. To speak thick and inar- 

(4) V. to puzzle. 
BuFFLB-GiLKENs, «. The Bmssels 

sprouts. Nortktcmp. 

BUFFLB-HBADBD, oi^. StUpid. 
Yon knoir nothing, you Hffle-heudedt 
■tapid cmtnre yon. 

Burr, a. The joiat ol the knee. 

Buo, ^1) «. A goblin ; a bugbear. 

Tn«b, tub 1 fear boji with hif$. 

Shmkup^ T*m. Skr., i, 1 
AAcrvardi they teU them, that tboM 
which tbey mw, were huga, witchci, and 
hug*. UMU€r. it Spectrit, tr. 1&7B. 
HobcobliBa, or airiit-walking tptriu, 
kUck imf». NomemcUtor. 

Which be the fery higget that the 
pMilaie meaneth on, walking in the 
night and in comera. Jsck. Ttaoph. 

(2) a4f. Proud ; conceited ; me- 
nacing, when applied to words, 
seems to be the meaning in 
Skinner. "To take bug/' to 
take fright or offence. 

Theae are hugg-wfrda that aw'd tlie wo- 
men in former agea, and atill fool a great 
WMOj in th'.i. 

RMMHurqfi, (kr«le*$ Limen, 1878. 
Brm. A very great comfort^-a whore is 
a very great comfort to her hneband, 
without donbt. 

Beauf. Sirrah, no btig words, there waa 
no whoredom in the case. 

J>mrjey, A Firiuoui Wife, 1680. 

(3) 9. To take offence. North- 

Bugaboo, «. A bugbear ; a ghost. 

BuoAN, «. The devil. We9t. 
BuoAsiN, «. Calico buckram. 
BuoB, V. (A.-S,) To bend. 
BuooBN, V. {A.'S.) To buy. 
BuoGBR, (1) «. To cheat at play. 

(2)«. A hobgoblin. Gioue. 
BuooY BANB, 1«. An old game 
BUCKBE BBNB, J lu Devonshire 
played by children in the dark, 
in which the following rhymes 
were repeated by one of the 
Bag^y. baggy, bidde bene. 
Is the way now fair and cleau? 
la the gooie y-gone to neit. 
And the fox y-com to rest? 

Shall I come away? 

BuGLB, «. A buffalo. 

BuoLB-BOD, a. The crosier of a 

Bugs-words. Fierce, high-sound- 
ing words. See Bug. ** Chenal de 





irompettB, one thats not afiraid 
of sbadowes, one wbom no big 
nor buga wordt ean terrifie." 

Bitot, adj. Roagh. 

BuiLLEN, t>. (A.^N.) To boil. 

BuisT, 0. To mark tbeep. North, 

BuKE, «. A book. 

BuKBNADB, «. A disb in cookery. 

Bukkeitadc. Take henncs, other coayn- 
gei, other veel, other other flessh, and 
hewe hem to sobetts; waische it, and 
hit well. GrvndealDuindeaunblanrhed. 
and drawe hem up with the broth. 
Caste thereinne rayaons of conincc, 
sugar, powdor gyuger, erbes y-atewed 
in greet, oynouna. and salt. If it in to 
thvnne, alye it up with floor of ryse, 
otiier with other thyng, and color it with 
safrouiL PbrmeofCurj/tV'^' 

Bulbs, «. The tonsils of th^ throat. 
BuLCH, 0. To bilge a ship. 
BuLCHiN, «. A bull-calf. 
Buldkhino, adj. Hot and sultry, 

applied to weather. Devon, 
BuLDBB-sTONK, «. A boulder. 
Bulb, «. (1) A boil or swelling. 

(2) The semicircular handle of 

any article like a bucket. 
BuLoooD, a. Yeast. Eaai, 
Bulk, (1)«. The body, from the 

neck to the hips. 

And itriko thee dead, and trampliBc on 

thy bulk, 
By atampwg with my foot crush out thy 

•ool. Four PreiUieei, 0. Fl., vi, 478. 

Beating her bulif that hit hand ahakea 
withaL Shakttp., JUp« nf Lucr. 

(2) «. The bottom part of a ship. 

(3) a. The stall of a shop. The 
front of a butcher's shop is still 
called a bulkar in Lincolnshire. 

(4) V, To strike ; to beat. 

(5) V. To throb. 

(6) a, A beam. 

Bulks, (n v. {J.'S,) To beleh. 

(2) To bow, to bend. Prompt, 

Bulkbb, a, A night-walker; a 


That ii their last refhge In point of 

doatitti and wUentbat'i worn out, she 

■rait OB with the strip'd senar, and 
turn bulker: at which trade 1 hope to 
see you suddeuly. 

Smmuenfl, Cureltts loten, 1673. 

BuLK-BiDDEN, odj, Riddcu with 

one's body. 

From what huH-riddeH strumpet recking 

homiP OUUkmm'tFoem*. 

Bull, (1) adj. Strong. 

(2) V. Cattle are said in York- 
shire to bull up hedges. 

(3) a. An instrument used for 
beating clay. 

(4) «u A sandstone for scythes. 

Bullace, a, A wild plum, larger 

than the sloe. See BuUiana, 
BuLLAKiN, a. Low vulgar abuse. 

BuLLATB, V. {Lot,) To bubble or 

BuLLBBAE, a, A bugbear. 
BuLL-BEOGAB, a, A hobgoblitt; 

any object of terror. 

A searebttff: a hdheggtr: a sight that 
frayeth and Arighteth. NomeucUtor. 

And they have ao fraid iu with bull- 
b«gger», spirits, witches, urcheus, elres, 
8cc., aud such other kugt, that we are 
afraid of our own shadowrs. 

ScotM Due.ttfWiUko'., ISSa 

And being an ill-look'd fellow, he has a 
pension from the churebwardens for 
bc^ne buUbtygar to all the froward 
children in the parish. 

Momttfori, Onemnck Park, 1691 

Bull-calf, t. A stupid fellow. 
BuLLBD, (1) a^. Swollen. 

(2) Said ofhcoyfrmariaofpetena, 
BuLLKN, a, (1) The stalks of hemp 

after they are piled. 

(2) Boulogne. 
BuLLBB, (1) o. To roar. North, 

(2) «. (^..iNT.) A deceiver. 
BuLL-VACBB, 1 «. Tufts of coane 

BULL.FBONT8, J grass. North. 
BuLL-vBisT, f. A puff-balL Eeat. 
Bullfinch, (1) a, A stupid fellow. 


(2) a. A hedge which is allowed 

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to grow Irigh witboat iKpmg. 


applied to doobk rowt of potti, 

with a qakkiet in the middk. 
BuunAB, «. (1) A todpole. 


(2) A smaD fiih, called alto a 

Bullheads, #. Cnried tnfta of 
I hair on a woman's forehead. 

BvLUKS,*. Bound pebbles. &w/A 
BvLLiMON«,«. A mixtare of oais, 

peas, and Tetches. Timer, and 

ttillln use in Essex. 
Bulling, part, a, Bmling. 

Arffanw, boUjnfe. or bobblyag of water 

Bullion, «.(^.MaM.) Base coin. 

Afld tlKM, which dd'B strict doon did 

Aad dunn for Is2!i0», |!0 for correat Mw. 
S^h., Dm BmrUu, week S, day %. 

^™. ""*!!!• !*• wad plums ;hu-ge 
BULLiaa, J "**^ 

BuLuoNs,c (1) Hooks used for 
fttteoing tiie dress; buUons; 
embossed ornaments. 
(2) A pahr of hose or deubleto 
omameBted witk baUionSi 
BULL.JUB, 1 #• The fish called 
BULL-KNOB,/ a BiiUer's thumb. 

BvLL^nxpiN09« #• Aldndofpor. 

ridge. North. 
Bullock, v. To boBy. Abrf A 
fiuLLOT-sTONxa, 9, BaUs of stone. 
The arroww llewe from side to Bide, 
Ike kmUU^tmn did wvlkc 

TmrheniXWt TrogiM TtUt, 1687. 

BuLL.p ATBD* adj. A heavy crop of 
grass driven by wind or rain into 
an eddy, k said to be huU-paied. 

Bulls, t. (1) The stems of hedge- 

(2) TransvetM bars of wood into 
which the heads of harrows 

BvLxs-AND-GOws, $. Tho flowef 

of the OPiMt sMCuAifttm. 
BvLL-SBO, s. A gelded bull. North. 
BuLLs-BTEs, «. A sort of coarse 

Bull's-pkathbb. To stick a bnlKs- 

feather in the cap, to make one 

a cuckold. 

BuLL's-rOBBHEAD, S. ThC tOZfy 

air-grass. North, 

Boll's-nbck, «. To bear one a 
bull's neck, t. e., to bear a grudge 
against, or to be provoked at the 
s^t of a person. DetOH. 

Bull's-noon, t. Midnight. JSssf. 

Bull's-pink,s. AchaiBncb. JVorf a. 

BuLL-sTAa, s. A boU gelt after he 
is full grown. OUme. 

BuLL-BTANtt, «. (1) A dragon-dy. 
(2) An upright stake in a hedge. 

BuLL-BTONB, s. A kind of sand- 
stone. Yorkoh, 

BuLL-TBouT, *. A large species of 
trout, found in Northumberland. 

Bull-ward, 1 adj, A cow mad 

BULL- WOOD, I forthebolL A sow 

bullao, [is said to be boar- 

BUBJUiD, J wood, and a mare 

horsewood, under similar circum* 

sUnces. The word is sometimes 

appliedopprobriously to a woman. 

Bull-wbbk, f. A name given to 
the week hefofe Christmu at 

Bull-wobbs, 9. Boisterous lie- 
haviour. Weot. 

Bully, (I) 9. A familiar term for 
a companion. 

(2)«. A parlour, or small room. 

3) 9. {A.'N.) To bolL 
|4)e. To frighten. 
;5)e. A riot. "To make a bully." 
to kick up a riot. 

BvLLT-BBOOAB, 9. A scare-CTow. 

Bullyeao, v. To rail or use op- 
probrious language. Leie. 

BvLLT-BOCK, 9. An impudcnt 
swaggerer. The word was much 





used in the latter half of the 17th 

If they spy a gentle gquier making 
faces, he poor soul must be hector'd till 
he likes 'em, nrhile the nioro stubtx)rn 
hUiu-rork darom's and is safe. 

SkadweU, SuUen Lover*, 1670. Pref. 
Oh ! dear HUy-rock, that wheadle wont 
pass. SkadweU, SuUai Lu»ert, 1670. 

Upon honour, in a short time not a bnttg- 
roek of 'em nU can come near tliee for 
gallantry. Dur/ey, Madame mkU.lQS^ 

BuLSB, 9, A bunch. North* 

BvLTf (1) «. A sifting cloth. 
(2) V. To sift. *'Bult, raunge, 
or syeve meale. Hueeemo" 

BuLTBR, «. A bag for fine meal. 
" Buliret or bultyng poke for fyne 
meale. Cribra:* HuioeL 

BuLTiNGARKE, «. A tub or chest 
for sifting. 

BuLTLB, f. Bran. North, 

BuLVKR, 9. To increase in bulk. 

BuLVERasAD, «. A stupid fellow. 

BvLYKRisQ.part, a, A tree or bush 
whose branches extend over the 
road, is said to hang buhering 
over. Any part of dress, as of a 
gown or coat made large and full, 
so as to stick out, is said to be 

Bulwark, «. A rampart. 

BuLWORKs, «. Part of the armour, 
used to prevent the thighs of the 
wearer from being chafed by 
the pieces that terminated just 
above the knee. 

Bum, (1) V. To strike; to beat. 

(2) 9. To spin a top. North, 

(3) V, To rush with a humming 

(4) «. To dun. 

f&)«. To drink; to taste. 

(6) «. A bum.bailiff. 
Bum, 1 «. The posteriors. This 
BUMMB, Vword was in common 
BOiiMB,J use with theEUzabethan 

writers, and with those of the 
century following. It appears to 
have been originally synonymous 
with buttock. Florio has, "JV&* 
tiehe, the buttocks or bummet" 
Tne is light, tad yet she bath two 

Phi^ne is 1 

Like a fttlpayre (at least) of monntanetts. 
Daviet, Scourge ofFoUy, 1611. 

But when the priest had dona his part, and 
that they homeward come. 

The bride, for Baltus. might salute the 
paTement with her homtae. 

Wamei'9 Albumi EngUni, 1698. 
The female sex each new moone defying 
pale fac'd Cynthia by turning up their 
bummei, imagining her the cause of their 
distemper. Berbert't TroMla, 1 638. 

Bound all the roome were placed Ucita 
Mirsaes, Chawns, Sultans, and Begler. 
begs, above threescore; who like ao 
many inanimate sutues sat crosse. 
legg'di and joyned their hmm$ to the 
ground, their backs to the wall, their 
eyes to a constant object ; not daring to 
speak one to another. Ih, 

Bums, «. The game of bandy. 

Bombard, v, Futuere. North. 

Bumbarrel, 9, The long-tailed tit. 

BuMBASTB, 9, To beat, or flog. 

BuMBE, V. To hum. Prompt. P. 

Bumble, (1) «. (A.-S.) To make 
a humming noise. 
(2) «. To rouiBe a bell. East. 
h) 9, To sUrtoflTquickly. Ea^t, 

(4) «. A confused heap. North. 

(5) 9, A small round stone. W^9t, 
BuMBLB-BBB, 9. The humble bee. 

BUMBLB-BROTH, 9. Suds ? 
The olde woman to her parne 
In such a butiAU-iroik had layne. 
The VnluclieFirmentu, Engl. Dr., iu. 1S9. 
For laundresses are testy and full of 

When they are lathering in their bmtmhl^ 
hrotk. r«yl0r'« Workex^ \ cao. 

BuMBLE-FooT, «. A thick beavT 

foot. East. 
BuMBLERiTBs, «. Blackberries. 

BuMBLE-PUPPT, a. The game oil 

BuMBLBR, «. (1) A humble bee.! 

North. ' 

(2) A bungler. GUmo. \ 





(3) AwcDcber. 
BcMBLKS, «. (1) Rashes. Line. 
(2) A Mrt of blinkert. North. 

BuMBLB-STArF, «. A BtOttI itick. 

Bum-boat, «. A boat which waits 

npon ships coming into harbour, 

to sell greens, spirits, &c. 
Bitmbbushbb, «. A schoolmaster, 

from the panishment he is in the 

habit of inflicting. 
Bumbt. (I) By and bye. far, dial. 

(2) «. A place for'inmber; any 

collection of filth. EmL 
Bum^abo, 1 «. A card used by 
BUN-CABD, J dishonest gamesten. 

'* RuUerzdia edrta, a bwueard,^ 


to ihmt expknrts he ever ituids prepared; 

A riUaiae excellent at a kum-^uti. 

Btmimtd^ Bmmon Or£iuurU, 

Bcmclock, t. A beetle. North. 
Bum psa, 9. To beat ; to belabour. 
Bumfiddlb, (1) «. Podex. 
(2)9. ToUkein; to cheat. 
Xoovrn veDches thus long, all the ways of 

Their niares and aohtilticaf have I read 

All their idKnl-kaniing, div'd into their 

And am I Bov timi^UM vitb a baatard. 

VUUsn, Tks Cktuteeg, 189S. 

A biisy4»ody; a 

Bvmfidlbb, «. 
fidgety person. 

Kate atill exclairaea aninft ereat nedlen, 
A boaie-body liardiyabe abidei; 
Tet ibe'a veil pleu'd with all hum-JUUn, 
And hir owne body itiiriug still besicles. 
Da»i€$, Scomrgt ofFotly, 1611. 

Bumkin, 1 «. A rude country 
bumpkin, / fellow; a ploughman. 

Of which hee that hath not heard loiiie- 

I count htm but a eonntrey Immkm, 

Sir Thomas Browne^ MS. Sloane, 1900. 

BuMMBLL,f. (1) A bramble. Cvmb, 
(2) The baU of the foot near the 
toes. J>tc. 

BuMMBB, 9. A rumbling carriage. 

BuMMLB, 9. To blunder. AiorM. 
Bump, (1) p. To beat. 

(2)s. A blow 

h) V. To ride rough. Ea$t. 

(4) 9. The noise made by a bit- 
tern with its bilL 

(5) p. To make sncb a noise. 
Bumping, adj. Large. Wett. 
BuMPSY, a4f. Tipsy. 
Bumptious, b4^'. Proud ; arrogant. 
BuMPT, a^. Uneven. 
Bum-bolls, «. Stuffed cushioas, 

used by women to make their 
petticoats swell out, instead of 
the more ezpensiTe farthingales. 

Nor yon nor toot home were to nnch 
as ipoken of, oefore 1 diibued mvself 
from mj hood and my fartlnnKiiJ, to 
tbeae kum-rawU, and yofar whafeboDO 
bodice. B. Jon., Poe/att., ii, 1. 

Ihoae virtoea [nf a bawd] rais'd her 
from the flat prtiicuat and kercber, to 
the goreei ana bum-rt^l 

Fat»tm*s Wedding, 0. Fl.. xi, 4<0. 

BuM-BUPFiAN, «. An outrageous 

Give a dmnkard that hath learned tr 
reele of the tap-apinning Mearmaidc^ 
and a ii^tt iomau-ruffiam^ the wnll, in 
any case; for the one needes it, the 
other in right ihould have wall on all 
iidea of him, via. Newgate. 

Bone** Polgioron, 1631. 

BuM-TBOTH. An abbreYiation of 
by my troth. Bum ladie, by my 

Bun, (1) «. The tail of a hare. 

(2) «. A dry stalk, especially the 
stubble of beans. 

(3) 9. A familiar name for a 

(4) #. A term of endearment. 
(b) part, p. Bound. North. 

(6) 9. ri altoXov, Devon. 
Bunch, (1) 9. To beat ; to strike ; 

to push. *' I bounche or pusshe 
one, iepou99e." Paltgrave. 

(2) 9. To bend or bow out* 

(3) 9. The act of a calf when 





•acking, in pushing its bead forci- 
bly against the cow's udder, to 
cause the railk to come more 
freely. Norf. 

(4) «. A worthleu woman. 

(5) f . A company of teaL 

(6) f. A pack of cards. 

(7) 9. The horn of a yonng stag. 
Bunch. BACKED, adj. Hunch- 
backed. This term occurs in 
Copley's Wiu, Fits, and Fancies, 
1614, p. 186. 

BUNCH-BBRRIEB, «. Thc frUlt of 

^t rwbm$ ioatttUU. Craven* 

BuMCH-CLOD, f. A clown. 

Tenn it no sooner ont but in comet 
Valentine to trade in tweetheartt, tiien 
the maidt look ont aharp if possible to 
have him for a valentine whom they 
Cfluld inwardly incline to chute for a 
husband; ana at for those who are 

£y«m'd by lump lore, if Valcuiiiie's 
y will not do for them, here is Fan- 
case day a comiiiie, one to please the 
fimcy, and tlie other the appetite ; for 
there are a threat ninny bunch-elods in 
the world that had rHtlier have a belly 
fUll of victuals than a handsome sweet- 
heart: not that I would encourage 
anybody to neglect their victuals for 
the sake of a woman, much less to so to 
plays or masquerades to seek a hauusom 
woman, where you have a better chance 
to neei with beauty than virtue. 


BuK-CROW, f. A grey bird which 
commits depredations on the com. 

BuKCVs, f . A donkey. Line. 

BuNDATioN, «. Abundance. West. 

Bundle, (1) «. A term for a low 
(2) 9. To go away in a hurry. 

Bundling, t. A custom in Wales 
of courting in bed with the 
clothes on. It is still continued, 
and often has rather disastrous 
results. An action for seduction 
on this custom was tried at Car- 
naryon, July, 1846. 

Bunds, «. A species of scabious. 

BuNB, a/fo. Promptly. 

BuNOy (1) 9. A pickpocket A 

cant word, also used for a pocket, 

and a parse. 

(2) «. A heap or bmcfa. North* 
BuNO-DocK, «. A curtail. JSoa/. 
BuNGBR, 1 V. To do anything awk- 
BUKJBR, J wardly. Stm. 
BuNGBBsoMB, tdj. Clumsv. Berks. 
BuNGiB, adj. Short and squat. 


The tree it not high nor himffie: the 
branches spread to a great knpitli, nnd 
beare many cods (not unlike the Indian 
beanes) arm'd with many sharp prickles. 
Herhert's TravfU.ieSS, 

Croat-le^d bee tat : hit shash or turbant 
was white and bunffie; hit waiat was 
girded with a thong of lather. 

Bmrbert's TnneU. 

BuNGY, atg. Intoxicated. Beds. 
BuN-HBDOB, «. A hedge of twisted 

sticks. Lane. 
BuNHiLL, «. A bunvon. Northamp. 
BuNHOBNS, f. Briars bored and 

used by woollen-weavers to wind 

yani on. Lane. 
Bunk AS, s. A number of people 

collected together. East. 
Bunking, 04^. Fat. Yorksh. 
Bunks, s. The wild succory. East. 
BuNNED,'ac{f'. Shrunk. Dorset. 
Bunnbl, 1. A dried hemp-stalk. 

BtJHw i , 9. (1) A small swelling.. 

East. "Bownche or bwmjfef 

Gibba." Huloet. 

(2) A sort of drain. Hants. 
Bunny-back'd, adj. High and 

round shouldered. Devon, 
BuNNY-MouTH, «. The snap-dra- 
gon. Surrey. 
Bunt, (1) v. To push with the 
head. West. 
(2)v. To rear. Otef. 

(3) V. To run like a rabbit. 

(4) 0. To sift, or to boult meal. 

(5) s. Smut in com. 

(6) f . The part of a sail which 
is inflated by the wind. 

(7) s. A puff.balL Northamp. 





BiT3rmu«.(l) AeoileeUvQf lagi. 

(2) A prottHnte. Eui. 
BuNTiNO, ( I ) A$u McMi ; diabby ; 

uiiUdj. Enl, 

(2) «. A lam piece of timber. 


(3)«. A shrimp. JTm/. 

V4) t. A boys* game, piajed wHb 

sticka and a small piece of wood. 


(5)«. Thewood.brk. 

(6) f. A term of eDdearment. 
▼here ii BT little kmmHmg t Whj, hov 

Mw, bird ? vhiit, in a pi-n ? 

iV: ra/«, CHCitoM*« fTovm, 1085. 

(7) «. A sort of fine Uoen of 
which searches or sarsers are 
nsde (cribra p^Oimuid)* 

BcR, (1) «. A blow; force, or 

(2) «. The halo roand the moon. 
(3)f. A stop for a wheel. 
(4) «. A whetstone for scythes. 

(5) f. Sweet-bread of a calf. 

(6) t. A rabbit burrow. Dortt. 

(7) COM/. Bat. York9h. 
BuaATo, «. A sort of woollen cloth. 

*'"*»• U. T.b«bH.. 


BumBLK, If. A bubble on the 
BUEBTL, J water. 

Bdeblb, t. A small pimple. Stut, 
BuBCOT, «. A load. Somenet. 
BuBDBLAis. «. A sort of grapes. 
BcaoBN-BAND, «. A hay-band. 

BuBBis, t. {A,'N.) A tom-nament. 
BcBDisB, V. {J,'N,) To joust at a 

BuBOON, «. (^.-M) AsUff. 
BuBDo UN, a. {A^N.) The base in 

BuBB, t. {A,-$.) A chamber. 
BoBEOKLTyOcfv. Forcibly ; swiftly. 
BuuLB, f . The spoke of a wheel. 
BuBBT, f. A drinking Tcssel. 
BvKKWB, r. (itf..&) To protect. 


7. y^S.*««. 

BvBAB, «. A bridge. 0^ 
BuBOBN, 1 9. (1) To bud. See 
BunoBoir, J Bimrgmiu 
(2)«. A bud; a sprout. 
BuROH, «. (1) Part of a spear. 

I'll try one tpmam . thcmgh H 

piov« too ohort bj the hmr^lL 

BomriMg Girl, O. PL, vi, 33. 

(2) The projectiBg rim of a deer's 
horn, dose to the head. 
BuBOHB, «. (^..&) (1) A hillodc 
or barrow. 

(2) A town or borough. 

(3) A barrow hog. 
BuaoMOTBf'a. (A.^S.) A borough 

BuROoiN, «. (/v.) A part of the 

A hwfoiin, is that put of th« head- 
dreu that coven the hair, betof the 
first part of the dress. 

Dmntom'i Ltufy's Diet., 1094. 

BuROON, «. A burganet, or helmet 

Tjtan enooonters Jore, Jore bim defies, 
AjmI from his steely burgom beatf s out lire. 
Great Brttaines Tro^«, 1609. 

BuRoooD, «. Yeast. Norf, 
BuROULLiAN, f. A braggadocio. 
BuRJONBN|9. To bod. See^ttTTai. 
BoRK, 9. To warm by fondling; 

to nuzzle. Norikamp. 
Burks, V. To bark. West. 
Burl ACS, a. A kind of gn^ies. 
BuRLB, (1) 9. To welter. 

i2) a. A knot or bump. 
3) 9. To take away the knots 
or impure parts from clotl). 
**MuHe cloth, dttquamare fian» 
num." Huloet. 

(4) a. The horn of a young stag. 
BuwLhni^t part.p, Armeid. 
BuRLBR, a. (1) One who buries 


(2) A resoWerofdonbts. 
BuRLBT, a. A hood, or head-dress. 

" Calantiea, a tyre, burlei or 

coyfe, a kerchief, or a hood for a 

woman.'' Eiyoi. 
BuRLBT, a. The butt end of the 


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BuRLBT-MAN, f. All ofBcer in 
oourt-leets, assistant to the con- 
stable. Ketmeii, 

BuRLiBouNO, (uH- Rough; un- 

BuRLiNBSS, «. Bnlk. 

Burling, «. A young ox. Line, 

BuRLiNO-iRON, f. An instrument 
for burling cloth. 

BuRLiNOs, «. Pieces of dirty wool. 

Burly, adj. (1) Big ; stout. 
(2) Red and pimpled. Somertei. 

BuRMAiDBN, «. A chamber-maid. 

Burn, (1) «. (A.-S.) A man. 
(2) *. {A.'S.) A brook. North, 
(3) ». A load or burden. North. 

(4) V. To waste, applied espe- 
cially to time, as to bum time. 

(5) To bum daylight, to light 
candles before it is dark. 

BuRN-BEKiN G, f . Dcnshering land, 
or burning turf for improving it. 

B URN-COW, «. A kind of ticetle. 

BuRNBD, adv. {A.'N.) Burnished. 

BuRNBL, 9. {A.'N.) A name for an 
ass, from its colour. 

Burnet, a. (1) {A.-N.) Brown 
woollen cloth. 

(2) A hood. 

(3) The plant pimpernel. 
BuRNBux, «. A sauce, made of 

butter, pepper, salt, &c. 
BuRNiE-BEBy «. The lady*bird. 

Burning, a. Lues venerea. 

Item thnt no itneholder kep« soowom- 
man withynne hii howi that hJith any 
■ikenet of hramnjfHge^ bnt that she 
be putte ont. 

Regvlatwn qftke Stem, lUk emt. 

No heretici hun'd, bat wenches' taiton. 

BuRNiNO-CANDLB, «. The ignis 

The lowest meteor in the air ii the 
burning eandU, or, as some call it, 
fenis fatuus. 

WiU^ori, NtUurg's SeereU, 1668. 

BuRNiNG-oT-TRB-HiLL, ». A me- 
thod of punishing a thief, for- 

merly practised by minen on the 

Mendip hills. 
BuRNiNo-swBAT, «. A plague 

which occurred in the reign of 

Henry VII. 
Burnish, v. To smooth or flatten. 

Burn-stick, «. A crooked stick, 

on which a piece of coal is daily 

carried home by each working 

collier for his own private use. 

BuRN-THB-Biscurr, «. A child's 

B URN-TROUT, f. A trout. **Troeta. 

A bumtrout: a trowt" Nomet^-, 

BuRNT-wiNB, a. Brandy. See 


Vinum ignieliqaatam,Tini latex. Eau 
devie,eanardente. 3nmlwine,OTwpx^ 
vite. NomtncUUor, 1&84. 

BuRNwiN, a. A blacksmith. North. 
Burr, a. (1) The broad iron ring 

fixed on the tilting lance just 

below the gripe, to prevent the 

hand slipping back. 

(2) The knot at the bottom of a 

hart's horn. 

rs) The flower of the hop. 

(4) The burdock; applied more 
especially to the prickly calyx of 
the plant. 

(5) The lap of the ear. 
BuRRATiNB, a. Some sort of 

clothing. Ben Jonton. 
BuRRiSH, a4f. Rough; prickly. 
Burrow, «. Sheltered from the 

wind. Somenet. 
Burrs, a. Upright pieces of armour 

in front of the thighs. 
Burr-stonbs, a. Rough unhewn 

Burse, a. {Fr.) An exchange for 


Bnnnt. Take the whyte of lekea, slype 
hem, and slirede hem small, like 
noumbles of swyue, and parboyle hem 





Ib brotb awl wtm TWke bym ap. lad 
dnsae hym, and do the leke iu the broth. 
Seedi and do the aonmblet thereto ; 
Bake a lyor oTbrade, Mode, and vyner re, 
and do thereto povdor-fort; teeth 
mifanM, nynce hem, and do thereto. 
Ihe icir wiK Bake of piggca. 

AnM^Oary, p. I. 

Bunemg. lUte poik, aeeth it, and 
PTude it aaiale vith aoddcn ayrtB. Do 
thereto p)de powdon. and hole apieet, 
aad aalt, vith angar. Make thereof 
malie 1r<Uca aad cast heoi in a botor 
of ayren, aad wete hem in lloer ; and 
ftye hem m greoe as rr3rtor«, and oenro 
hrm forth. FI»rmt^Cmrr,p.$i. 

BvKSB9.BK£xiKB, wff, Bsptiired. 
BoMT, •. To break. 
BuRSTB,t.(^.-5.) Los8;adYeiiity. 
BussTD, part, p, BruiMd. 
BuKT, (1) V. To prett or indent 

annhing. Somertei, 

(2J 9. A SRwU flat iish. 
BcRTH, jpreit. i. Behoves. 
BonTHBN, (1) •- A quarter of ale. 

(2) e. To press earnestly. EMti. 
BuKTBBNSoitKt «• ProdttctWo. 

BuB-THisTLB, #• The spetr-thistle. 

BuBTLB, «L A sweeiiBg ^>pie. 

BuB^TBBB, «. Tlie elder-tree. 
BuRTTitB, «. Birthtimes. M. Okme. 
I BuRWALL, « . A wall leaning agninst 

a bank. YorkMk. 
BuRWE, 0. {A.-JS,) To defend. 
BunwHB, #. A circle. Pr. Pan. 
Burt, t. (1) {J,-S.) A house or 


A nbbit's barrow. SomtJL 
A place sunk in the gronnd 

to protect potntoes, &c., from 

frost. Norihem^L 
BuRTHf o-A-wirB, #. A feast given 

by an apprentice at the expira- 
tion of his articles. 
Bu8,p«i. <. Behoves; must. 
Buscaob,!. (Fr.) A kind of cloth. 
BuscATLB, #. (J,~N.) A bash. 
BusB, (1) «. The sign of a uvem, 

tuoally an ivy-bush. Cotgrave 

gives the proverb, *«Good wine 

draws customers withodt any 
help of an ivy-bosh." The term 
was afterwards continued to the 
wooden frame of the sign, on 
which the bush was placed. 

What elaret't this? tho veiy vorst in 

Tour trnttrut-huh deterres a palling 


MtwU»d$, Xmmt pfBmtU, 1618. 

{Kntfr LeekUl akim im m UUoHf.) I 
foand this holder of ropea apon a ilirlf, 
bat dare not vmtare dova yet« for fear 
aome prying rascal iliaJI snap me b«. 
tween earth and hear'n— 'sdeath, I'll 
creep into this baah. it maybe ibit may 
aecnreme. {Gets nfom tk* tmotm imk.) 
Hah I upon honour I grov chearful; 
this is so modist a device, that I've 
great hopea of good socceaa. 

Lmrfy, Mmdmm tUkU, 168S. 

(2) To go about the bush, to 
approach with ceremony or cau* 

(3) V. To butt with the head ; to 
push. Wett. 

(4) f . The inner circle of a wheel, 
eui losing the axle-tree. 

(5) B. To retreat from. South. 

(6) «. A form of the beard. 
BuaHBT, \«. A smaU shoot from 

BUSEBT, J Bbusb. 

BusHiTiNB, «. Sprouting out at 
the roots. Cfhue. 

BuaHLOCR,«. A bushy tuft of hair. 
At nyght Mr. Baayster canled me up to 
ae a comet, but f% was Venus with a 
great htn base fyke a itukloek about 
hir. MS. Addit., S008. 

BusHifBNT,«. {A,»N,) (1) An am- 
(2) A thicket of bushes. 

BvsnsiTHB, «. A bill-hook. Huloet. 

BusHT-BABNABBB, 9. Thc lady- 
bird. Si^foli. 

BusiKB, V. {Fr.) To trouble with 

BuaiNBss, «. (1) Trouble. 
(2) A term used affectedly, for 
what is now called an aflkir of 
honour, a duel. To make a mas- 
ter of the duel, a carrier of the 
differences, Ben Jonsoi^ pu^t 

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among other ingredients, "a 
drachm of the buHnen** and 

For that'i the word of tincture, the 
humus. Let me alone with the basi- 
neu. I will carry the bunneu. I do 
nnderataod tke butitust. 1 do find an 
affront in the business. 

Masque qfUereurfft jrc. 

— Gould Caranza himaelf 
Carry a huinsss better. 

B.irFi, hoses Pilgrim, t. 

Busk, «. (1) A sort of linen cloth. 
(2) A rod of whalebone, or 
sometimes of steel, in the front 
of the stays to keep them 

Her long slit deerei, stiffe busks, puffe 

It all that maket her thua angelical. 

Marston, Scourge, II, viL 

!3) A flock of sheep. East 
4) {A.-N.) A bush. North, 
(5) 0. To lie in the sun. Estes, 
BusKE,«.(if.-&) To busk; to go; 

to array, prepare, make ready. 
Buskbt, «. {Fr. boaquet.) A small 
bush, or branch. 

Youth's folk now flocken in every where 
To gather yLay-busksts and imelliiig breere. 
Spsns., tcl. Ma^, 9. 

Buseino, ae^. (1) Bushy. 

(2) Provoking. Exmoor, 
BuBKLB, 9, To bustle about. 
Busk-point, «. The lace, with its 

tag, which secured the end of 

the busk. 

Whether a kick will raiie it. Pray go fetch 

Some aqua vita; for the thought of iteel 
Has put him in a awound : nothing revive 

Then will I keep thy sword and hang it up 
Amongst my busk-points, pins, and curling- 
Bodkins, and vardingals, a perpetual tro- 
phey. Statdolfh, JseJUnu Losers, 1640. 

BusKY, a^n Woody ; bushy. 

BusMSK. See Bitmare. 

Buss. (1) A young bullock. Devon, 

(2) V. To kiss. 

(3) V. To bttU with the head. 

(4) «. A large pitcher. Dewm, 
BussAKO, «. A great drinker. 
BuBSB, (1) «. {Dui.) A kind of 


(2) V, To lie in ambush. 
BussBS, f. Hoops for the top of a 

wagon. North, 
Bussing, s. Whispering? 

Without the blind bvssings of a Plapist. 

may no sin be solved. 

BmWs Imsgs of both Chtrekos. 

BussocK, «. (1) A thick, fat per- 

son. Warm. 

(2) A young donkey. Xetc. 
Bust, t. A tar mark on aheep. 

Bustbk,«. (I) A loaf. 

(2) A heavy blow. 
BusTiAN, 9. A sort of coarse doth. 
fiusTous. See Boi»tou». 
Busy, r. (A.-N.) To be active. 
BusY-oooD»«. A meddling person. 

But, (1) «. A cast ; a throw. 

(2) prei, i. Contended ; stmg. 

gled with each other. Havtiok. 

fS) 8. A flounder, or plaice. 

(4^ 9, A small piece of ground. 

(5) «. The thick or fleshy root of 
a plant. A potato or turnip is 
said to be large in the but. 

(6) f. A conical basket used 
for catching salmon in the river 

(7) o. To grow or swell out. 

rS) «. A buttock of beef. We9t, 

(9) f. A shoemaker's knife. 

(10) «. Strong leather. Nitrth. 

(11) ** But and ben," the outer 
and inner apartment, where there 
are only two rooms in a house. 

n2) «. A hassock. Devon. 

(13) f. A bee-hive, commonly 
called a dee-te/. ExtMor, 

(14) ff. A kind of cap. North, 
hhSa^. Rough; ragged. North, 
(16) 9. To barter. CVomm, 

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(\7)frep. Withovt 

(18) eoiy. Ualeai. 

(19) V. To tbot. 

(20) adv. Suddenly. Denom. 
Bi7T.B0LT,«. The peculiar utow 

used in shooting tt the bott. 
BuTCHB, V. To kill. North. 
BoTCHKii's-BROoit, «. A kittd of 

ruth (rwntf). 
BcrFCHBR*s-CLBATBm,t. The nune 

giren in Northamptonshire to the 

constellation of the Pleiades. 
Burn, t. Help ; remedy ; for Me. 
BoT-GAP, «. A hedge of turf. Devom. 
BiTTH, (1) pre§. i. pi. of buen. 

(j4.'S.) Be; are. 

(2) «. A sitoation. Euex, 
BuTLANDB, «. Waste ground. Sati, 
Birr-SHOT, «. A bow-shot. 
Burr, «. (1) A boat 

(2) A cart. Devcm. 
BuTTAO, «. (Fr. boutade.) A burst 

of passion. 

Una Inrifmd faaA certtin Tiolent sad 
nddaia kmlUdt of furioiu eraelty, tad 
■axiim dravrn firom the f ery iMweto of 
Totmiiee it Mlf : for if he vcre never 
m little offended bj another, or tos- 
peeted another to be offended vith him, 
he pretentlj commaoded sneh to be 
Btllmm ArterwMt, IftM. 

BuTTAL, t. (1) A bittern. South. 
(2) A corner of groond. North. 

Bcmxr, v. To posh. 

Burrsm-AND-BOOSt t. The daffodil. 

BvTTBB-BiT, t. The small strainer 
io which each pound of butter 
is wrapped when packed for 
market. Northatig^. 

BuTRB-Box, «. A cant tern ibr a 

BomB-BUM p, t. A bittern. North, 

BuTTBB-cop, t. The wild rannncn- 

BuiTEB-OAiBT, f. Hm white ox- 

BomBBO-ALB, f . Ale boiled with 
sugar, butter, and spioe. Skrepth. 

BinTBB-PiNOBBBD, otS' Slippery. 

BvTTiB.HAM,t. Bread and butter. 

BmrsB-MiT,*. A tub in which the 
butter is washed. PFett. 

BvTTBB-PBKCB, «. The farmer's 
wife's perquisite money gained 
from the sale of her butter. 

And when the fiither on the earth did Urc, 
To his eonnea fancie he luch way did tira ; 
For at no leaeon he the plow oiuat hold. 
The enninier waa too hot, the winter cold } 
He robs his mother of her butlrr-pemct, 
WtUun the alehooie smrrs him for exprnea. 
Taylor's Witrkea, 1630. 

BuTTBB-PBiirr. A bastard child. 

BuiTBB-Puitpa, t. The ovary of 
the yellow water-lily. Dontt. 

BuTTBB-aHAOi 8. A sUcc of bread 
and butter. North. 

BuTTBB-TABT, t. A tcrt made as 
follows : 

Firat yon mnst beat a Uttle green dtroa, 
a httle salt, cinnamon, two OMckrooms, 
a picoe of batter that ia (kvah and food, 
with the yoiks of four raw em ; beat 
all thia well together, and put this into 
a pan. sheeted with fine paste, snd bard 
it over with hmg tiieas of paste, and 
when it is bakni, pnt to it some onnge 
flowcn, and aa^ar in serring it away. 
Tli4 QiMm'«£^ CooHrf, 

BuTTBB-TBrrH» «. The two in- 
dsors in front of the uppey jaw. 

BurrBB-wBOBB, t. A woman who 
carries butter about, a class who 
were set down in the same cate* 
gory as the fish-women of Bil* 

BUTTBBT-BAB, 1 «. A half- 

BUTTBBT-HATCH,/ door between 
the buttery or kitchen and the 
hall, in old mansions, through 
which provisions were passed. 

BuTTiLLABT, 9. A buttcry. 

BvTTiNO-iBON, «. An instrument 
for peeling bark. North. 

Buttock, •• A common strumpet. 

iniUsiywi. yon jade. Ill inviah you, 
Toa hmUmek, I am a htstice of the peaee, 
sinah! Ohs^. &Ui«r'« /br<«»«, 1661. 

The bawds and tka MIodb that liv*d there 

Came floddng thai tUthtr. 

Foot BMt^t 16M. 

BuTTOCK-BTBAP, «. A Strap at- 





tacfaed to the back of cart-har- 
nesB, which assists to hold the 
trace up. East. 
Button, (1) «. A. bud. 

(2) ff. The chrysalis of an insect 

(3) 9. A small cake. Eatt. 

(4) V. To shut up. Oxon. But- 
toned'Upt closed up, shut. ** See 
how her little mouih is buttoned-^ 

(5) «. A small mushroom. 
BuTTON-NAiLB, f. Roundhcaded 

Button-pound, f. Money. North- 

Buttons, (1) a. Sheep's dung. 

Devon, To make buttons, cacaret 

and hence to be in great fear. 

(2) f. In Devonshire, burs are 

called beggar'9 buitotu, and cuC' 

kold*9 buttons, 
BuTiuiCB, f. A tool used to pare 

the hoofs in shoeing horsea. 
BuTT-sHAFT, «. A sort of arfow ; a 

butt. bolt. 
Butty, (1) a. A companion or 


(2)*. To work in company. 

BuTURB, «. The bittern. North. 
Butynb, i, (Fr.) Booty. 
Buyer, a. A gnat. North, 
BuviDLY, adv. Stout made. North. 
Buxom, ae(;. {A.-S.) Obedient; 

and hence, meek, or humble. 
Buzz, 9. To empty a bottle of wine 

in carousing ; to drink. 
Buzzard, a. 0) A coward. 

(2) A sort of large moth that is 

seen in great abundance in the 

meadows, hovering over certain 

flowers in a summer evening. 

Devon. The word is also used 

in Craven, and is supposed to be 

the origin of the proverb, *' As 

blind as a buzzard.*' 
Buzzom-chuck'd, at^. Blowsy, 

or with cheeks of a deep red. 

BuzzT, 9, A familiar term 
dearmeot. Northampt. 

By, (1) prep. By is often u 
old writers in the sense of 
** by his hfe/* in his lifetim 
sometimes in those of yor 
or of. ** By and by," distin 
order one after the other. 

(2) f. A by-place. " But 
by or darke corner.*' Flori 

(3) a. A bracelet. See Bet 

(4) a. A bee. 

(5) V. To buy. 

(6) V. To abide. 

(7) 9. To able. See Abeyt 
(S) A term in gambling, 
a^ra, to play or cast at the 
hazard or gresco." Ftorio. 
(d) adv. Besides. Northw 

Byar, a. A cow-house. Nor 
Bybbby, a. Some kind ol 

Che9ter Ptay9, i, 119. 
By-blow, a. A bastard. 
In such a ladies lapp«^ at sach a i 

That iu a jrorld so wide could not 1 

such a wilie 
Lad ; in an ace so old, conld not 1 

such an ola lad. 

Bam^MtPs 4fectumat€ Shepket 

SaL Thon specJc'it not like a 

what's thy name ? 
I^l, Mv name is Draco. 
StU. Of the AtheuiMn Draco's? 
FU. No, of the English Drakes, gr 

tain Drake 
(That sail'd the world round) left 

a bjf-blow, 
or whom I coae. 


Bycallx, 9. (A.'S.) To ace 
Byclaoob, 0. To besmear. 
Bycokbt, a. Some oniam< 

the head. 
B yd A GOB, v. To splash. fF 
Bydb, a. (A.'S.) Abode ; dv 
Bydryvbn, v. To oommi 

BYDWONOBN,j9arf.j9. Com 
Bybbb, a. A dwelling. J9h, 
Byb-bootinos, a. The fini 

of bran. North. 
BYBTff. Work not finished. 

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Br.pAm, adv. Much. 

Btfounob. Found oat. Hemme, 

Br.fminTs, «. ** Those went or 
humid babbles which inseets niie 
upon vefetables, wherein they 
lodge their egge and produce 
their voung, ore caU'd bf-fnUit." 

Btgacbd, a^. Mtd; bewitched. 

Btoatbs, «. Spoil ; plunder. 

Bt-gold, «. TinteL 

Btgorn, 8. A goblin. Narih. 

BrHBFOs, 9, To behead. 

BTHBTsm,*. A surety, mcklife, 

BTHonx, V. To commit adultery 
sgainst ; to comote. 

BT-HovmSft. Extra hoars at worlt. 

Btbotx, v. To adTantage. Ckameer, 

Btlans, t. A peninsula. 

Brut, «. A boil ; an nicer. 

Btls sn, ath. Just now ; a little 
before. Somenti. 

Bt.lcmax, «. A second loter, or 

Btlib, v. To belong. 

BrLLvairv, «. A kind of water- 
plant. Pr, P. 

BruLTKB, V. To use a spade or 
mattock. Pr. P. 

^T'hov, part, p. Laughed at. 

Bt-ltb, 9. {J,-S,) To lie with a 

Br.icATTBBa,'a. Irrelevant circam- 

I BmoLBW, V. (A.'SJ) To spot ; to 

Btv owe, 9. To modu 
fiYv,prep, Within. 
BrsTAMB, V. To nick-naTne. 
BryDui]»,«. Binden; robbers who 

bind. Havehi. 
Btitb, f . Halt. 
Brinrr, t. A kind of pepper. 
Bt-xow, ad9. A short time ago. 

BTTn^jnvs. f. of Mule. Binds. 
Broy, 9. A <iainsy. North. 
Bt.fa»t, adt. Past by. ••With order 

that sll faults bypatt should be 

forgiven." Bowe9 Corr&apondenee^ 

By'Plot, 9. A plot of ground oat 

of the public way. 
Btqoidb, «. Bequest. Rob, Gloue, 
BrwLDn,pret. t. Must; it beboTcd. 

".7."^;.}- A burden. 

Bybb, «. (1) The stump of a tree. 


(2) A cow-hotise. Cumb, 
BYBKYNft. Breaking. Town,My9t. 
^YaLAKIN. A dimiButire of by our 

Byblbt.s. SttBurUt, "ByrM.w 

tyrvnge for women. Catantiea,** 

Byronnb, 0. To run over. 
Bybynb, V, To bury. 
B) sit ALOW, 9, The hollyhock. 
Bysom, b4^. Blind. See'^iseii. 
Byspbl, 9, {A,'S.) A proverb. 
Btspitte, r. To spit all over. 

And yit i« it tonnentid by impnrieDre of 
adreraii^, and htfspit by servage and 
•ub)ecrioan of tynne, and atte last it it 
alayn finaUy. Ckmrnter, Pertomtt T. 

BrspYiiro, «. Confirmation. An 

abbreviation of bUhopping. 
Byssi, adv. Quickly. 
Bysbinb, t. Fine silk. Wiekl\ff^. 
BYVT,pre9. t. oibidde. Pray est. 
Bystb, 9. A temporary bed used 

by hop-driers and maltsters. 

Btsyschyppb, f. Activity. 
Bytack, 9, A farm taken by a 

tenant who resides on another 

farm. Herrf. 
By-tail, t. The right handle of a 

Bytb, (1) V, (A.'S.) To cut with a 

sword, or any instrument. 

(2) 9, A morsel ; a bit. 
By-thb-wali^. Unburied. JSssf. 
Br TiMBS, ttfv. At times; occa- 
sionally. Northamp, 
B ytbaysid, part. p. Betrayed. 

Ccrtis tinful niannc* aoole if hytmyni 





of the derel, by coveitite of temporal 

SrosperiK^i and 8Ci>rned by ditceyt, whan 
e cheseth fleischly dtriyrca. 

Chauecr^ Pirsotus T. 

Bttte,«. a bottle; a flagon. Warw, 

Bttondb, part p. Found ; con- 

Byvors, adv. Before. 

5ywait, v. To be patient. 

By-wash, t. The outlet from t 
dam. North. 

By-wipb, 9. An indirect sarcasm. 

Byword, *. (A.-S.) A proverb. 

Bywrye, v. To let out ; to betray 

And therfore yow is better hyde yonre 
counscil in youre herte. thnn pfayen 
him to wliom ye have hy¥>ryed youre 
counteil, that hr wol kcpe it clos and 
•tiUe. ChaMcer, T. o/Melibeus. 

Byzant, 9, A besom. Dor9et. 
\iYiTf f. A bend. See Bight. 

3a, v. To drive. North. 

:aad, «. Cold. North, 

)aa8, 9. (for ca9.) A chance, or 

)ab, «. (1) A number of persons 

secretly leagued together. Stt89ex, 

(2) Any glutinous substance. 

^ABBAOB, (1) ff. The part of t 

deer's head on which the horns 

are set. 

(2) V. To grow to a head, ap- 
plied to the horns of a deer. 

(3) 9. A part of a lady's head- 
dress. See Choux, 

tehind the noddle every bng^cage. 
ITean rowls, in Knglish mll'd a cabhojfe. 
London Ladiu Dreuiiuf Room, 1705. 

(4) V. To Steal slily ; now used 

merely of tailors. 
^ABANB, 9. (Fr.) A cabin. 
/ABARBT, «. (Fir.) A tavern. 
/ABBY, adj. Sticky; clammy. 

;abbs, 9. A cabbage. 

Cable-hatband, t. A : 
supposed to have been 
duced at the very close 
16th century, consistini 
twisted cord of gold, sil 
silk, worn round the hat. 
I had on a grold cabU-katband, \ 
come up. which 1 wore about t 
French hat 1 had.— iruts my 
and yet it wai maasie gol 
work, &c. 

B. Joiu., Ev. Mmm <nU of 

Cabltsh, ff. Brushwood. 
Cabob, ff. A leg of mutton, 

with white herrings and 

Cabobblb, v. To puzzle, j 
Cabochb, v. (A.'N.) To b 
Cabriolbs, ff. A lady's heac 
Cabrito, ff. {Span.) A kid 
Cacchbn, v. {A.'S.) To ca 

take. Kachone. Con9t.Freet 
Cache, r. (I) Togo. 

(2) To couch or lay down 
Cachbrb, ff. {A.'N.) A hu 
Cachbbelb, ff. A catchpol 
Cack, v. Cacare. 
Cackle, «. To babble. 
Cacklino-chbat, ff. A < 

capon. An old cant tern 
Cackm AG, ff. Idle Ulk. Eoi 
Cacorne, ff. The windpipe. 
Cad, ff. (I) A very small pig 

(2) The person who guai 
door of an omnibus, and 
on the look out (or pass 
It is also a low term of al 

(3) A low fellow who 
about the college to prov 
Etonians with anything ne 
to assist their sports. 

(4) A familiar spirit. 

(5) A bUnker. Leie. 
Cadar, ff. A wooden frame 

over a scythe to preserve ; 
the com more even in the i 
Cadators, ff. Beggars wh< 
circuits round the kingd< 
suming the characters of d 

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Caddbe, t. A ■errant employed 

under another serfant. 
Caddbl,(1)«. Cow parsnip. Dewm. 

(2) md9. Id a harry ; confotedly. 

Caddis, a. Wonted ribbon ; alio, 

a woollen stuff. 
Caddlb, (1) V. To scold ; to hurry ; 

to attend officiously. Wett. 

(2) a. A dispute ; a noisy con- 
tention. Var/diaL 

(3) 0. To tease. Wett, 

(4) 9. To coax ; to tpoiL Norik, 
{b) 9, To squander money. 

(6) «<(f. Nice in appetite. Ltie, 
Caddling* part. «. (1) Dawdling. 


(2) Tale-telling. 
Caodow, a. A jackdaw. JBsa/. 
Caddt, (1) a. A ghost or bugbear. 


(2)«. The caddis-worm. 

(3^ adv. WeU ; hearty. North, 
Cadb, f. (I) A barrel containing 

six hundred herrings. 

(2) In Kent, a cade of beef is 
any quantity of pieces under a 
whole qnarter. 

(3) A tmJdl cask. ' 

(4) •. To pet; to indulge. 

(5) «. The testicle. Still used in 
the North. 

Telle Klml wires tnelre, 
fi ui child maj be nwde 
withoaten kuoH-eiii{|: of mannet €*de. 
Arlkuw mU Merlim, p. 36. 

Cade-lamb, «. A pet lamb. 
Caobkt. a4r. (Lat) Falling. 
Cadbr, f. A small wooden frame 

on which the fisherman keeps his 

Ime. South. 
Cades,!. Sheep-dung. Var.diaL 
Cadbssb,!. a jackdaw. 
Cadbw, f . The straw-worm. 
Cadge, (1)9. To bind. *' I cadge 

a garment, I set lystes in the 

^ynyng to kepe the plyghtes in 

order." Palsg. 

(2) •• A circular piece of wood, 

on which hawks are carried when 
exposed for sale. 

(3) 9. To stuff, or fill. North. 
Cadge-btU^, a fuU fat belly. 

(4) 9. To carry. North. 

(5) 0. To beg. Leie. 

(6) 9. To talk incessantly. leie. 
Cadger, a. (1) A packman or 

itinerant huckster. 

(2) A butcher, miller, or carrier 

of any other load. Ketmatt. 

Cadoy, adj. Cheerful. North. 

Cadillbck, a. A kind of pear. 

Cadlb, 9. To fondle. Norihamp. 

Cadlino, adj. False; insincere. 

Cadlock, 1 a. The name ^ a 
GALLOCK, I plant; rough ead- 
CHARLOCE, J toek, the wild mus- 
tard; gmooth eadloek, the wild 
rape. North, 

Cadma, 9. The least pig of a 
litter. Var, dial. 

Cadnat, f . {A.»N.) A canopy. 

Cadoccs. a bludgeon. 5SMi«rfef. 

Cadukb, adj. (la/.) Frail; pe- 

Bot follow the eaduke plenrares of this 
world. Bitkop FUher. 

Erei^ thfaig in this world is eadukt, 
tnntitory, and momentary. Id. 

Caoy, adj^*. Foolish; addled. 

CECITY, a. (laf.) Blindness. 
Cafabt, a. (/v.) A hypocrite. 
Caff, (1) a. Chaff. North. "Full 

ofkaff." Apol Loliardi,p,b6. 

(2) f. A gardener's hoe. North. 

(3) 9. To run off a bargain ; to 
abandon anything. CVa9eii. 

Caffa, f. A kind of rich stuff, 

perhaps taffata. 
Cafflb,9. (1) To caril ; to quarrel. 

Ah if I now pnt in tome a^ing cUnte, 

I ilwll be cul'd uaeonsUDt nil my days. 

Harr. Jr., xlv, ^7. 

(2) To entangle. Somertet. 
Caft, adj. Intimidated. Yorhth, 
Cag, (l)a. A stump. JF§$t. 

d by Google 




[2) 0. To crawl about. Leie. 
6KL, V. To harrow ground. 

OG, 9. To make a tow or re- 
lolution not to get drunk for a 
;ertain time ; or, as the term is, 
ill the eoffff is out. "I have 
xiffged myself for six months.*' 
GMAO, (1) ff. Coarse bad food of 
my kind, properly an old goose; 
I small inferior breed of sheep. 

2) V. To quarrel Ware, 

iFE, f. An iron cap. Grafton, 

iLBs, f. Nine-pins. 

iNED, a4/* Mothery. North, 

iNOBL, «. A crabbed fellow. 


iNOT, adj. Peevish; ill-tem- 

)ercd. North. 

IRD, 9. A tinker. Northvmb, 

I8AR, f. (A.'N,) A king, or 


ITCHB, «. The game of tennis. 

iTiF, f. (A.'N,) (1) A captive. 

'2) A wretch. 

3) A cripple. 

iTiFTKB, a. Captivity. Wieklife, 
UB, (1) 9. To cackle. North, 
2) ff. A foolish fellow. Var. di, 
|3) '* My cake is dough," I am 
intirely disappointed, my hope 
s gone. 

^otwithstuiding all these traTerses, we 
kre confident here that the match will 
ake, otherwise my cake it donah. 

KX-BRBAD, ff. Rolls, or msncbct. 
KB-CRRBL, ff. A rack for drying 
»at.cakes. North, 
KB-H0U8B, ff. A confectioner's, 
ers not so concern *d. walk ia the fieldi, 
pre their longing wives what eake-konst 
lelds. Satyr agaiiul Hypocrites, 16h9. 
KB-NiGHT, ff. A term for the 
ive of All Saints, at Ripon in 
forkshire, when a cake is made 
or every member of the family. 
KKR, V. To bind with iron. 

Cakb-sprittlb, ff. A thin 1 
used for turning the oat- 
over the oven. Yorkth, 

Calabass, ff. A sort of small 

Calabbb, ff. A kind of fur. 

CALABa. (Gr, x<JXtn^.) Sted 

Calamancb, ff. CalammmeOf , 
of woollen stuff. 

Calamdea, ff. (A.'N,) A ki 

Calangt, V, {A.'N, emkmffer. 
challenge. Rod, OL 

Calash, ff. (/v. ctfi^cAff.) An 

Calassxs, ff. Alms-housea. i 

Caloar, Iff. An asirologei 

Calculb, v. (A.'N) To 

Caldbbb, 9, To cheat, o 
ceive, chiefly by fortune-ti 

Calb, (1) ff. Colewort. 

(2) Pottage. 

(3) A turn. North, 

(A) V. To throw; to gambol, 
Calbbvbr, tr. To gambol. I 
Calendbr,(1) V. Togiveth< 

to woollen cloths. 

(2) A kind of wood. 

(3) A guide, or director. 
Calbnturb, ff. A hot fever. 

I'ear ma; 
Friends to uartake of pdsica. anger 
To fire ea» aeighbottriug boaomc 

By being transplanted ; but a loTcra 
Flamea, though converted to a caln 
Unwillingly with the least flame wil 
Although to thaw anothers frozen h 
Chmmbtrlmyue*s Fkar^ntueU 

Calbb. The city of Cadii. 
Calbwbis, ff. (A.'N) A 

of pear. 
Calf, ff. A hart in its first t 

Calf-lick, 1 ff. a toft of hi 

cow-LicK, /the forehead i 

cannot be made to lie smo4 

CALr'a-aciN, ff. Fools kep 
diversion in great families 
often diatlDguished by cof 

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Mj^^fdt, With bottons down the 
back. See Sk., K. Jokn, iii 1. 

Wn e^^-^tim icsto froB brace we eleur 
enlU tni. to Wilg BepdUd. 

Calf^staobs, j; PltcesforholcliDg 

calvet. Gieme. 
Calf-tkundlb, «• (1) TheeDtnik 


(2) The niiBe of a thirt, or 

floancet of a gown. 
Calf-taro, V, The dweUing-place 

of oar ialkncj. North. 
Calimawco-cat, t. A tortoiie- 

shdlcst. Nitrf. 
Calis, t. A chalice. 
Calitcb, 9. (/v.) A large pittol 

or blnnderbuM. 
Calkk, 9, (1) To calculate. 

(2) To cast a figure or uatiTtty. 

Cajlkins, I t. The parts of a 

CAWKiNS, > horseshoe turned up 

CALuas, f and sharpened to pre> 

▼eut slipping* 
Call, (1) v. To scold. Abr/A. 

(2) 0. To proclaim by public 

(3) V. A term in bunting : when 
hounds are first cast off, and find 
game, ther are said to call on. 

(4) 9. The outlet of water from 
a dam. North. 

(5) 9. Occasion ; necessity. 
Gallant, «. A lad. North. 
Callar, adj. Fresh ; cold. Cumb. 
Callarob, «. Leaves and shoou 

of cabbages. Wiffht, 
Call-back, f . A wear. North. 
Calub, (1) t. A sort of csp or 

network worn on the head; a 


(2)». To invite. 
Callbd-rom K, port. p. Asked in 

the church. 
Callbr, (1) odj. Fresh; cool. 


(2)9. Tojnmp;toeaper. Wight. 
Callbt, (1) «. A scold ; a drab ; 

a strumpet. 

^2) V. T(»taiL 

Or to hear her ta bar spleta 
CoUet like a bu'tar-oncftn. 

BlU/$ Stamens, vol. iii. p. 84. 

Ca llibrd, «. {A.»N.) A hard stone. 

Callino-band, t. A leading- 
string. North. 

C ALLOT, 1 «. ( Fr. eoloit€.) A plain 
Callbt, j coif or skull'^ap. 

Callow, (1) a. {A.^S.) Smooth ; 
bare ; unfledged ; applied chiefly 
to birds. 

(2) adj. Smooth, applied to an 
even wood. Smmb. 

(3) f . Tlie stratum of fegetable 
earth lying above gravel, sand, 
limestone, &c. Soot. 

Callow-doctor, «. A qnack. 
Calls, a. Pieces of tape. North, 
Calltmoochbr, #. A term of re- 

I do, thou npetut emttfwtcoeh«r. I do ; 
n'v-M well known to the jUrieh I hare been 
Twice «le-mnner. 

Mayor qf Qmnb., 0. TK zi. p. 183. 

Calltvan, 9. A sort of pyramidal 
trap for birds. Sbmerse^ 

Calm, a. Scum of liquor. Boot, 

CALina,f.(l) Thecogsof awheeL 

(2) The frames of a window. 
Harrimm*9 De9e. of Engl, p. 187. 

Calmbwb, la. A kind of sea 
CALOif AWB, J bird. 

Calmt, at^. Mothery. £iaf. 

Calsbt, a. A causeway. 

Calsonb, 1 9. {Fr. eolefon.) 
CALROUND8, V Closc linCB tTouscrs 
CALZOOMS, J for men. 

Caltrop, (1) a. (J.-N.) An im- 
plement with four spikes, so con- 
trived that, in whatever direction 
it is thrown, one Of the spikes 
always stands upwards. It was 
used against cavalrv in war. 
(2) A kind of thistle. 

Calth, a. Quoits. Shrcp9h, 

CALtra, adj. iA.'N,) Bald. Weber. 

Caltbr, v. To prepare salmon, or 
other fish, in a peculiar way. 

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Cohered ealmon was a dainty 
celebrated by our old dramatists. 

ALYE8-HBNGB» », A Calf 8 pluck. 

ALYBS-MUOOBT, f. A pic made 

of the entrails of calves. 
ALVEs-SNOWT, «. A plant. '*Aiia- 

gallis silvestris. Muroa Tiolet. 

Tceil du gat. Cabjee tnowt,** HuL 
ALTON, f. (Fr.) A stone or flint. 

AM, (1) «. A ridge, or old earthen 

Diouud. North. 

(2) M^. Crooked. 

To doe a thing deane Iramme, out of 
order, the wron^ way Cotgraoe. 

(Z)ad9. Awry. North. 

(4) pret. /. Carae. 
AMACA, 9. A sort of iich silk 

AMAiL, «. (1) (A.-N.) A camel. 

(2) A ncckguard ; the thickest 

part of the armour near the 


AMALiON, 9. The camel-leopard. 
AM ARADK, 9, (Fr.) A comradc. 
AMBBR, «. A harbour. South. 
AMBER-NosB, «. Ao aquiluie nose. 
AMBLE, V. To prate saucily. 

AMBRiL, #. (1) The hock of an 


(2) The curved piece of wood 

on which butchers suspend the 

slaughtered animal. See GambriL 
AMBUCK, *. (1) The dry sUlks of 

dead plants. Ea9t. 

(2) A game at ball. 
AMBURE, adj. Hooked. 
AMEO, a^. Covered. North. 

AMELINB, *. {A .N.) (1) A Stuff 

made of camel's hair. 
(2) A kind of sauce. 

AMBL8, ff. A nick-name for the 
natives of Cambridgeshire. 

AMBRiKE, ff. Cambrick. 

Iamil, ff. Chamomile. Somereet. 

:ami8, ff. {A..N.) A thin transpa- 
rent dress or robe. 

Camisado, ff. (ItoL) A whit 
or smock frock, which was 
worn by soldiers to knoin 
other in a night attack. '* 1 
a catni9ado^ viz. to wear a 
shirt over their armes, tha 
may know one another i 
dark.'' HowelL 
Camle, ff. A camelion. ifa 
Cammed, o^^*. (1) Crooked. 

(2) Cross; ilinatured. No 

(3) Short nosed. 
CAMMicK,ff. The plant reath 
CAUMiiHf adj. Awkward. S 
Cammock, ff. (1) A crooke 

or beam. 

(2) Timber prepared fo 

knee of a ship. 

Thoaeh the ammock the mo 
bowed the better it is, yet the h 
more it it bent andoccupied, the 
it waxeth. LiU^4 £ 

Bitter the blossom when the firait i 

And early crook'd that will a eamot 


Camoisb, *] adj. {A.'N. a 

camusb, I Crooked; flat 

CAMUSED, J plied to a nos4 

Camooch, ff. A term of com 

Camorochb, ff. The wild tai 

Camp, (1) v. {A.-S. cempan. 


Get campers a call. 
To eray therewithal!. 

(2) ff. A game of ball, foi 
practised in the Eastern coi 

(3) V. To Ulk of anything. 

(4) ff. A hoard of potatoe 
nips, &c. North. 

CAMPABLB,a4/« Able to do. i 
Campane, adj. Consisting of 
Camperknowb, ff. Ale-po 

made with sugar, spicei 

Campbson, ff. Theganihison 
Campestriall, adj. {Lot.) 

longing to the fields. 
Cample, v. To talk, or argi 

contend. Var. dial 

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CAHFLms, t. A kind of wise. 
CAMn,part,p. Encamped. 
Camstkbrib, A{r. Crazy. North- 

Can, (1) the pni, t ci 

(2) ». To be able. 

(3) Began to; used as an anxi- 
liary before verbs in the infinitiTe 
to express a past tense. See Ga%. 

Camacin, «. The pUgiie. Boiky. 
Canakin, «. A small drinking can. 
Canakus, «. {Fr.) A quick and 

lifdj dance, in which the dancer 

sometimes used castanets. 
Cakaey, (1) e. A kind of sweet 

wine, much used in the earlier 

part of the 17th oent. 

CmmU-^mne, which beareth the name 
of the Mlands from whence it is brottfcht, 
it of some termed a lacke, with ihit 
•4|imet iweetc; but yet Tcry imDrc 
Mrij. for it diffefelh not only from 
ncke in iweeiBcaie and pleaMatnc« of 
teste, but also in eokrar and ransistenee, 
for it is not so white in ooloar as sack, 
nor so thin in sobatance; wherefore it 
is more nntiitiTe than sack, and leas 

(2) 9. To dance; to frolic 

(3) «. A soTcreign. 

(4) f. A kept mistress, ^orf A. 
Can-bottle, 9. The long-tailed 

titmouse. Shropth. 
Cancardb, «(f- Cankered. 
Cancblebr, \9. {Fr, ehaneeUer,) 
CAUCBLXBR, / The tum of a light- 

flown hawk upon the wing to 

lecover herself, when she misses 

her aim in the stoop. 

The fierce and eager hawks down thrilling 

from the skiea. 
Hake sundry emcOun ere they the fowl 

can reach. J>r^t. Foljfolb., ix. 

(2) To turn in flight. 

The partridge sprang. 
He makes his stoop; but wanting breath, 

is forced 
To eaneOier; then with such speed, as if 
He carried H«ht'ning in his wings,he strikes 
Ihetiemhhngbizd. Ma$t.(hurd.,i,l. 

CANcmm,t. A plant of some kind. 

Who taagfat the poore beast harinf poison 

To seeke th' hearbe «M«rr, and by that to 

cure himf 
Who taught the bora ftndiag his spirits 

To seeke a branch of iv^ to assure him f 
Ortmt Brtiaime$ SVoye, 1609. 

Cakch, «. A word used in the 
Eastern and Midland counties, 
and used to signify a small quan- 
tity of com in the straw put 
into the comer of a barn ; a short 
torn or spell at anything; a 
trench, cut sloping to a Ytrj 
narrow bottom; a certain breadth 
in digging or Ireading land, or in 
turning over a dung-hilL 

Cancro. (//at) A sort of impre- 

Candlb, #. The pupil of the eye. 

Candlb-babk, t. A round cylin- 
drical box for candles. North, 

Canolb-bbam, «. A chandelier. 
** CandU-keame, suche as hangeth 
in gentlemens halles, with sock- 
ettes, to set candels upon, faen- 
nar," Huloet, 1552. 

Candlb-cap, «. An old brimless 
hat, with a candle in front, used 
by butchers. North. 

Candlboostbs, «. Goose-grass. 

Candle-sbbabs, «. SnufTers. 

Candlino, f. A supper given by 
landlords of alehouses to their 
customers on Candlemas-CTe. 

Can DOCK, #. A water-plant, 

Cank, f. A small animal of the 
weasel kind. 

Canbd, adj. Mothery. Yorkth. 

Cankl, s. {A.-N.) (1) A channel. 

(2) The faucet of a barrel. 5o. 

(3) {A,-N.) Cinnamon. 

(4) A lot. ApoL Loll, p. 93. 
Canb-tobacco, ». Tobacco made 

up in a particular form, highly 
e&teemed, and dear. 

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The BOftrfls of hit cliimiiies ar« itfll ttnfTd 

With smoke more chargenble than cant- 

tobacco. Merry Devil, O. PL, v. 257- 

•>- Mj boy onoe Hyhted 

)f eane-lobaeco, with a piece 

B baUiuL JU ^boU, O. PI . ir, 187. 

tobacco he a pype doth lack 
idade in cane, in lt«f, or ball. 

Harringt. Bpig., iv, 84. 

V. To ivhine. North, 

\f 9. To entangle. North- 

a^. Cross; ill-tempered. 

LB, 9. To dissemble; to 
•. Devon. 

s, 8. Rolls at the bottom 
e breeches just below the 
sometimes indented like a 

:i)9. To talk; to cackle. 

A gossip. 

To persevere; to oTer- 
. Wiltt. 

, To be infested with can- 
c(/. Dumb. YorkaK 
El, ff. (1) The common red 
poppy. East, 
The dog-rose. 
L toadstool. Wett, 
\. caterpillar. South. 
RFBET, «. (1) Copperas. 
A sore or blister in the 
h. Ea»t. 

RWEED, f. The ragwort. 
, V. To whine. Verbysh. 
, adj. Rotten, applied to 
:. Northampt. 
L, ff. The collar, neck. 
L-BONK, Iff. The coUar- 
!«BL-BONB, [bone. 
MBS8, ff. Caution ; good con- 

s,9. To toss about carelessly 
place to place. Comw, 
, (I) a^. Pretty; good ; neat. 
A. Canny 'hmnytH sly person. 
^ To coax. Northamp, 
, ff. A portion of a deceased 
s goods exacted by the priest. 

Cavons, t. The first (^afh« 
hawk after she has mewed 

Can8h,<. (1) A small m 

(2) A small pile of faggo 

(3) A strain. Skropth. 
Canstick, ff. A candlestick. 
Cant, (1) adj. Strong; b 


(2) V. To recover, or mcn< 

(3) V. To throw; to 

(4) ff. An anction. North, 
lb) 9. To let fall. Suuex. 

(6) ff. A comer or divisi< 

(7) ff. A small bundle € 

(8) ff. A niche. 

The flrat and priDcipal peraoii 
temple waa Irene, or Peace; 
plac«d aloft in a cmnt. 

Jons., CoronaHom Sni 

Directly under her, in a emnt by 
was Arete inthroned. 

Decker y Enter L of 

(9) 9. To humonr, caress. 
(10)0. To backbite. Her% 

(11) V. To whine, or pi 

(12) 9. To set upon edge. 

(13) ff. A company, or 

(14) ff. A canter, or vagal 

(15) 9. To divide. 7Wff«r 

CANTABANaUI, ff. (//o/.) ] 

Cantankerous, a({f. Contc 
Cant-doo, ff. A handspike 

hook. North, 
Cantbl, \ ff. (A^N.) A CO 
CANTLB, J angle ; a small { 

portion of anything. 
Cantbled. Different pieces ( 

worked together. Hall^He 
Cantelino, ff. A stake o 

Cantbb, ff. (1) One who < 

vagrant or beggar. 

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A Tcry euUef I, w, ooa thai maundt 
Upon the ]»4. 

B Jm., SU^pfNem, act iL 

Hey dagri tum'd aml«r/ this teeomc* 
thee worse tlian toa dreMuid yooihAil 
cIqcIkb an old woman. There's acaree a 
Bu wUl talk thiM throii|ch a grate. 

(2) A flint jug. Norihaw^, 
CAirrsaBUBT, «. A horse's canter. 
Canting-callbb. An auctioneer. 

Camtlb, 9. (1) The betd. JVbrM. 

(2) The leg of an animal. NortK 
Cantxb-pibcb, ff. The part of a 

cask into which the tap is driTen. 

Caktlt, ocfv. Strongly. Minot, 
Caicton, 9. To notch. 
Camt-baii., f. A triangnlar rail. 

CAit-rmAP, ff. A magic spell. Norjh, 
CA3rrBBO,ff. A term used in Wa'les 

and Irdandfor a certain diTision 

of territory. 

Smr Two knights Hew sake OMowilrW, 
which after the first conipntation* 
uaottoteth to 8840 acres. Six auUred$ 
11.S6 maketlt a hmronj, 25600 acres, 
whose reliefe is 100 oiarks. One barony i 
make an earklome 8840U acres whose 
xdiefe is 100 ponnd. 

JfcrdemU Smvtifon Diakfrn. ItflO. 

Cakt-window, f. A bow.wtndow. 

Caitty, adj. Cheerful; talkatiTe. 

Canyab, ff. To receive the canvas, 
t. #., to be dismissed. The phrase 
is taken from the practice of 
joamermen mechanics who tra- 
vel in quest of work with the 
implements of their profession. 
When they are discharged by 
their masters, they are said to 
receive the eanvag or the bag, 
because in this their tools and 
necessaries are packed up prepa. 
ratory to their removaL 

As mneh as marriage comes to, and I kMe 
Mj honor, if the don reoeives the mihnu. 
SUH^,Broiken^vA^^ 14. 

Caktsfab. ff. A flre-pole. 
Canty. a4^'. Merry; cheerful. North, 
CAMTASADOtfli. A move in fencing. 
Cap, (1) «. To eomplete; to finish. 

(2) «. To overcome in aigymant ; 
to puzale any onOi 

(3) ff. A challenge to competition. 
(4; ff., A master or bead. Cumh. 
ib) «. To arrest 

(6) V. To mend shoes at the toe. 

(7) A shepherd's dog. /. Wight. 

(8) A man's cap wm aaid to ake, 
when he was tipsy. 

To walks and sea a Mead tliay boUi in- 


Some two mile oat of towns, and manio 

So firoUqne. tfll the husbands cap dU aAv. 
Qitoi NmamndBadNtw**, 1«29U 


liar cap carried before a high 
dignitary on state occasions. 

Abont X. of the etoke afore none, tha 
kioK come into the parlement chamber 
in bis parlement robes, and on his bed 
% cog of maynietMuncf, and satin hia 
most royall ranjestd. 

MS. CoUoH^ JmL C, Ti, foL tt6, f. 

Capabi^b, «{r. (Xc/.) CenpnheB. 

Capadob, h (J.-N.) A boad. 
Cap-oabb, ff. A small travdiing 

case, or band-box. "A bag: a 

wallet t a porUmanteau : a cqa- 

eaee," Nomenelator. 
CAPB,ff. (l)TbeoopingofawalL 


(2) The sleeve of a coat. 
Capb-oloak, ff. A Spanish doak. 
CAPBi..ff. The horn joint connecting 

the two parts of a flail. Devon. 
CAPBi.LiiiB,ff. A skulUcap of steeL 
Capeb-cocsinm, ff. Great friends. 

CAPBBDBW8iB,ff. The stocks. Buf - 

Capeblasb, ff. Abosive langnage. 

Capbs, ff. Ears of com broken off 

in thrashing. Notth* 
Cap9a, ff. A kind ol damask ck>tb. 

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L. 1 

AT.) A hone 

L, f . A domestic hen. 
(l)f. (^..&) A rock. 

9. A wood or grove 
8t soil, generally of aldi 

9, Any bollow pla 

V. To carry. Scmth. 
f . A botile or keg of < 
> gallons. Leie. 
f. A gutter. Line. 
BiN8,«. A sort of light ca 
the 16th cent., armed 

COL, ff. The half turn 
lorseman makes on 

CTE8, 1 *. (A.'N.) CI 

tCTis, J ters ; figures ; a] 

icially to characters for 


3E, *. {A.'N.) Mei 


[NO, "I *. {A.'N.) A ca 

iTNB, I Canmyett car 

iiNG, J Rob, Gkme. 

ITEL, I f . {Pr. caraveUt 

^EL, V light round ship, 

^iL, J a square poop, r 

fitted out like a galley. 

nrATE8,«. Comfits made 

iway seeds. 

ERRT, f . A gooseberry. ^ 

)KUL, f. A carbuncle. 

)NADo, (I) 9. A stea] 

sways for broiling. 

V. To broil. 

iNBT. See CarkaneL 

tLAOE, f. Prison fees. 

{l)adj. Crooked. Nor 
I. A chart. 
I. The mariner's coropa 

We're all like lea 
endeavoare and our motioiia 
' do to the north. atiU pa 

V. To mix bad and 

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And fbcse ; for On* by thenuelret ther 
vfll not vtter, to auRfle and to eard 
with the apostles* doethnea. kc., that 
at the least yet he may so Tent them. 

Ton e&rd your beer, if ton see yonr 
fsesta b«pn to be dninc, half aaall, 
Gntm^s ^uif/br mm Vp$t. Comr^w^ 1890. 

(5) 7bipefilftyM«<rartf,toipetk 
with gjeat exactness. 

Casdbb, ff. (1) A card player. 
(2) A jackdaw. Ai/btt. 

Caroew, «. An alderkar. 

Cardiaclk, f. ((rf-.) A diseaae af- 
fecting the heart. 

Cardicxje, #. (corropted from Fr, 
quart tT^eu.) The fourth part of 
a French crown, aboat fifteen- 
pence. The other it the apeUing 
of the tinie. 

IMd I not yc8ter>inomin; 

Bring yoa in a eardeeu there fxoB the pea- 

Whoos aas Vd dmen aside f 

B. /• FL, Blooit Brother, W. 8. 

Cardinal, (l)f. A liquor drunk in 

the UniTersity, made like bishop, 

except that claret is substituted 

for port wine. 

(2) f. A kind of cloak, in fashion 

about 1760. 
CAnDiNAX-TRiLOST, f. A Comish 

fish, the three-tailed ray. Barla$e. 
Cars, «. (1) Grief; Texation. 

(2) The mountain-ash. Devon. 
Carr-awates, «. Caraways. 
Yet, if a atorme ahookl liae (by u'^t or 

Of sonr-enowes, and haile of Mrr-«H0aya. 
Dmmt»,aeowri$«fFoU9, 1611. 

Carr-cakk, #. A pancake. North, 
Carr-cloth, 9. A square cloth 

formerly held over the head of a 

bride by four men. 
Carrcrin, adv. Cheerfully. North- 

Carbful, atg. (A.'S.) Sorrowful. 

Carrirr, «. {Fr.) The short turn- 
ings of a nimble horse ; the move- 
ments of a drunken man. 

Carrr,«. AsieTC. Derby^ 

Carewarr, 9. A cart. North, 

Carr, (1) pret. t. Carved. 

(2) f. The breadth of one cut- 
ting in a rick of bay. Kent, 

Cartaz, «. (J.'N.) A meeting of 
four roads. 

Cargo, 9. A bully or braro. 

Car-hand, f. The left hand. 

Carien, v. (A,-S.) To carry. 

Carirs, ff. (itf.-M) CaraUofgold 

Carinr, (1) ff. The bottom of a 

(2) V. To pijk or prune the 
feathers. Xetc. 

Let me see, says madam, where's my 
eomet? Fray caritu this, faronrite. 

UdU^ DUtiomary, 1«M. 

Cark, (1) ff. (A.-S,) Care ; anxiety. 

(2) V. To be careful and diligent. 

(3) adj. Stiff. Leic. 
(4)ff. Forty tod of wooL 

Carkanrt, 1 
carcanrt, I ff. {Fr.) Anecklace. 


As rings, and stones, and carkmettet. 
To make them please the eye. 

Turternlk't TVapcall TlU9,IWJ. 

Aboat his necke ^curhut rich he ware 
Of prcciona sUmes all set in gold well tried. 
Harr. Ar%o»t., vii, 47. 

About thy neck a eurhmet is bound 
Made of the mbie, pearl, and diamond. 
Hariek, p. SO. 

CARL,ff. (A.'S.) A churl ; a bond- 
man ; a clown. 

Carl-gat, ff. A tom-cat. North. 

Carlinr, ff. A term applied to an 
old woman. North. 

Carlino, ff. A penguin. 

Carlinos, ff. Grey peas, steeped 
all night in water, and fried the 
next day with butter, eaten on 
Palm Sunday, formerly called 
Carling Sunday. North. 

Caklisu, adj. Churlish. iVbrM. 

Carlot, ff. A rustic, or churl. 

Carmbs, ff. {A.'N.) Carmelite 

Carnadinr, ff. The carnation. 

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Carnart-cbapbl, «. A chtrneU 

Cahnbl, t. (I) {A.'N.) A bat- 
(2) A dish in cookery* 

Cmmd of pork. Take the Imwnn of 
■wyne. Pnrboile it, and rrv nde it amale, 
and alay it up with ^olkes of ayrenn. 
Set it over the fyre with white greece» 
and lat it not teeth to fast. Do tliere- 
inne safronn and powdor Jori, and nicsae 
it forth; and cast tliereinue powdor- 
fort. and serve it forth. /bnn« of Cury. 

Garnet, v. To coax. Var, d. 
Carnivbx, «. (Lat) A scoundrel. 
Carnilate, 9, To build houses 

with battlements, 
Carnill, 9, Kernel Heywoodt 

CARN08ITT. «. {Lai') Fleshiness. 

" Carwmtyt or anye tbynge that 

is fleashye." HulMt, 
Caroch, «. (/y*.) A large coach. 

Have with them for the great emrockt eix 
' And the two coachmen, with my ambler 
And my three women. 

B. Joni,t De9, U om Au, iv» 8. 

Caroionr, «. See Caraing. 
Carol, (1) t. {A.-N,) A dance; 

(2) V. To dance. 

(3) «. A closet or small study. 
CaroUvrindow, a bow-wmdow. 

Carouse, «. A bumper. 

Next he devoured op a loyne of vealo, 
Upon foure capons then his teeth did 

And sent them downe into his pnddias 

So tooke the cup, and drinkine a carowu, 
Pell to his rabets, and dispatcninflr fonre. 
BowUmdt, Xmne o/Sp. tmdD., 1 818. 

Carp, a. (I) {A.»N.) Speech ; oon- 
(2) Noiae ; tumult 

Carpb, r. C^..JV.) To talk. 

Carpbt-kniohts, f . Knights dub* 
bed at court by favour, instead 
of for distinguished military ser- 
vices. Hence, an effeminate 


But as for yon, your ekiaths aie rich and 

Of purple hues, embroidered all most fairc, 
Signes of your laxie mindca; and your 

In wanton dancings ar^ fond earpet- 

In jackets short, with sleeves meet ddicate^ 
And hairelace, bonrntce. roost effeminate. 

Carpets, 9. CoTers for tables or 

Carpet-shjeld, «. An effeninate 

Can I not toach some upstart e«f««/«5At«/^ 
Of Lolio's Sonne, that never saw the field Y 
HalVs Sal., iv, 4. 

CARPET-sauiRS, 9, An effeminate 

Fbr that the valiant will defend her fame. 
When oofpH tquirm will hide their hernia 
wiih shame. 

TurbernOe't TngietU 2Um, 1687. 

Carpbt-stanoino, t. A amall 
piece of rich carpet, for royal 
and noble personages. 

Carpet-way, a. A green award. 

Carpmbals, ff. A coarse sort of 
cloth made in the North of Eng- 
land in the reign of James L 

Carpnbl, 9, A kind of white cot- 
ton cloth. 

Carr, a. A sort of black fibrous 
material washed up by the sea in 
heavy gales, and used for fuel. 

Carrack, ff. A Spanish galeon; 
any vessel of great value and 
sixe. At an earlier period the 
name waa given to smaller 

Carrans, f. Buskins or coverinjr 
for the feet and legs, cut out of 
the raw hide. /. Afoii. 

Carrbct, ff. A carat of gold. 

Carrefour, ff. {Fr.) A place 
where four ways meet. 

Carrel, a. Fustian cloth. 

Carriage, a. (1) A drain. WiU9. 
(2) A belt to carry a wheutone 
behioid the mower. 

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Carkock, #. A heap of sUmes for 
a boandarr^niarlL Aorih. 

Carro«8k, «. (Fr.) A coich. 

Carrot, «. (A^N.) A iquare or 
body of toldiert. 

Carry, v.(l) To drive. Crmttn, 

(2) To recovijr. North. 

(3) To e&rry eoak, to aabmit to 
jiBj indignity. 

CAamT-CARTLK, «. Ab elephant. 

So dotehr aabosbt aliBMt t^vn day, 
To «asd» the ctrtjf autiCt in his way. 

C Anr-MVRRT, «. A kind of sledge 
Ibr conveying goods from one 
wiireboase to another. Somertei, 

Ca.bby-pi.kck, t. A boggy place, 
the water of which leaves a red 
sediment. Lane, 

CA.KBY-TAI.S, f . A tak-bearer. 


KAJUSB, J ^ -^ 

Cabsst, «. Kersey. 

CABiiicK, «. The kennel or gutter. 

Cabt, #- {ji^-S.) A chariot, or car. 
Cabt-:^sa]>, «. Bought bread. 

CabtbOv ^J' Ifot considered; 
equivalent to ** put on the sheif." 
CabttsBv #- (J.'S,) A charioteer. 
Cabtbacinbs, f. A cant term for 

Cabtlb* v. To dip, or cat round. 
Cabt-loosb, #. A cart-rut. North. 
Cabttlt, a/v. Rough; unman- 

nerly. North. 
CAB;r-BAKB,«. Acart-track.iSMejr. 
Cabt-sadkl, 9. The saddle placed 

on the horse in the shafts. 
Cabtb, (1) #. A plough land. 

(2) 9. To grow sour, or curdle. 

(3) 9. To cut; to slice. 
Cabybx^ «. (1) A small ship, or 


(2) A prostitute. 

(3) {A.^N.) A baaket; achickea. 

coop. North. 
Carvbtt, f. A thick hedge-row. 

CARViRi-CAXM, f. Flat round 

oatmeal cakes, with caraway 

Carvi8t, 9. A young hawk. 
Car-watbr, 9. Chalybeate water. 


}ff. A pun, 

An the foal i' the fair. I mean all ths 
dirt in Simtljfield.—that'a one ofMaater 
Littlewit'a earwkiekeU now,— will be 
tfarovn at oar baiinrr today, if the 
matter doea not pletise the people. 

B. Jom , Bartk. Fair, r. 1. 

Sir John had always his bodget fnll of 
panna, connndnimfl, and carrawiteheU^ 
— at which the kiiix laufrht till hta aides 
enckt. JrhUJmot, Uiaatrt, om J)mmfUnfi. 

Cary, «. A sort of coarse cloth. 

Caryb, v. To go. 

Carymtb, 9. (Lat.) Scarcity. 

Ca8, 9. (1) {J.'N.) Chance; 
(2) A ease. 

Casardly, adv. Unlucky. North. 

Ca9balj>, ff. A term of contempt. 

Cascade, v. To vomit. 

Casb, (1) 9. To skin an animal; 
to strip. 

(2) 9. A kind of fish, somewhat 
like a char, but not so much 
esteemed. Nieolton and Bvm'9 
West, and Cwnb., i, 185. 

Casrlinos, 9. The skins of beasts 
that die by accident. Cheth. 

Cakklty, a4f* Uncertain ; casual. 


Casbm uNP, f. A casement, ^ey- 

wood^ 1556. 
Ca8b-woric, 9. The caddis. Ea»t. 
Ca9hs, V, To cashier. 
CASiBRa, a. Broad wide sleeves. 

Casinos,*. Dried eow-dnng used 

for fuel North. 

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Casks, adj. Strong. 
Casket, f. A stalk, or stem. North. 
Caspeue, f. The plant cardiac. 
Carsabullt, 9. The winter cress. 

Cassb, (1) ». {A.'N.^ To discharge; 

to cashier ; to disoand. 

(2) t. An earthworm. Florio, 
Ca88iasistre, 9. A pUnt, the 

cassia fistula. Gerard. 
Cassock. \ f . (fr.) A loose cot- 
CASSAftUB, J ward coat. 
Casson, f. Beef. Dekker, 
Cassydontb, t. The calcedony. 
Cast, (1)9. To speak ; to address. 

(2) V. To intend. 

(3) V. To contrive. 

(4) V. To consider; to de- 

(5) t. Chance; opportunity. 

(6) 9. To bring forth prema- 
turely, said of beasts. Shropth, 

(7) V. To vomit. 
W)v. To empty. 

(9) part. p. Thwarted; de- 
feated. Shropth. 
{\Q)part.p. Warped. North. 

(11) V. To choke one's self with 
eating too fast. North. 

(12) 9. To yield; to produce. 

(13) V. To add up a sum; to 

(14) V. To think; to cogitate. 

(15) ff. A second swarm of bees 
from one hive. 

(16) f. A brace or couple. 
{11) part. p. Cast off; thrown 

{\^) part. p. Plotted; devised. 

(19) t. {A.'S.) A stratagem; a 

(20) 9. A flight of hawks. 

(21) V. To set a hawk on a 

(22) V. To purge a hawk. 

(23) When hounds check, and 
the huntsman tries to recover 

the scent by taking the hounds 
round abont the spot, he is said 
to coat them. 

(24) V. To rectify or correct a 
compass. Pattp. 

(25) V. To arrange or dispose. 

(26) To coMt vpt to upbraid. 
North. Also, to forsake. To cast 
afore, to forecast. "I cast my 
penyworthes,^e/»o«f]fM/e; whan 
I have all caste my penyworthes, 
I roaye put my wynnyng in myn 
eye." Palsgrave. To cot/ te^ 
yond the nwon, to attempt im- 
possibilities ; also, to indulge in 
wild thoughts and conjectures. 
To cast vfaterfto find out diseases 
by the inspection of urine. 

(27) r. To groan. Jfarw. 

(28) i. (A.'S.) Strife; con- 

(29) V. To condemn. 

(30) f. A small portion of bread. 

Castelbt, s. {A.'N.) A turret. 

Castbllb, s. (a.'N.) a large cis- 

Castbb, $. (1) A cloak. Dekker. 

A cow that casts her calf. 

To come the caster,/t<fif«re. 
▲bating that ezprecsion, I aliould hare 
•worn that tlion Aid 1 should hare cmm 
tk4 easier with her by turns. 

Howard, Maa ^ Newmarktt, 1678. 

Castbb, i. An instrument for 
punishing schoolboys with a 
blow on the palm of the hand. 

Cabtino-bottlb, «. A bottle for 
casting, or sprinkling, perfumes ; 
a fashionable luxury in the days 
of Elizabeth. Sometimes called 
a eatting-gUut. 

Pray Jove the perfumed courtiers keep 
their ca$txng.hottla, pidutooths, auJ 
tbittleeoeki from you. 

B. Jons., C3fnikia*9Rtv.,i,\. 

Faith, ay: his civet and his oaMting.iilau 
Have hdpt him to a place amonic the rest. 
B. Jon., £§. M. tmt qfH., it, 4. 

Castlb, «. A lort of close helmet. 

d by Google 




Castlkwaed, «. A tax laid on 
those dwelling within a certain 
distance of a castle, for the lap- 
poit of the garrison. 

Castlixg, «. A calf bom beHore 
xu tinte. 

Castock, a. The heart of a cabbage. 

Castor, 9. {Lai,) A liea^er. 

Castkbl., f. {J.»N.) An inferior 
kind of hawk. 

like a« the sjmitow, from the autreU ire» 

Made his aaTlom in the wise roan's list. 

Foem mJJreaitd to Ladg DnJte, IS96. 

Cat, «. (1) A mess of coarse meal, 
clay, &c., placed in doTe-cotes, 
to allure strangers. £lsff. 

(2) A ferret. St^olk. 

(3) A game played among ooys 
with sticks, and a small piece of 
wood, rising in the middle, so as 
to rebound when struck on either 

(4) A stand formed of three 
pieces of wood or iron, crossing 
^nd onited in the centre, to place 
before the fire for supporting a 
plate of buttered toast. 

(5) (From a common usage of 
the #V. ehai.) Podendnm f* 

(6) Mentula. Somertet, 

(7) A shed to protect aoldien 
while lying ready to attack. 

Cataditf*, a. {Gr.) A cataract. 
Cataiak, a. A sharper. 
Catapvcb, a. {A^N.) A kind of 

Cat- ARLSS, a. An eruptiTe disorder 

of the skin. Nurth, 
Catati.« #. A aort of vesseL Bich' 

ard L, 
CAT-BKAGi.St a. A swift kind of 

CAT*Bixx,a. A woodpecker. North. 
CAT-BUkSH, a. Any thin liquid, as 

weak tea. Une, 
Cat-boii.8, a. Small boils. North- 

CAT-BBAiK,a. A aort of rough clay 

mixed with stone. FPetf. 

Cat-call, a. A tort of whistle. 
Catch, (1) a. A few hairs drawn 

out of a knot or bunch, woven 

in the silk. 

(2) «. A sort of ship. 

(3) a. The eye of a link. 
Orbicolui. hm^: Maille. Tlis male, the 
ctdcK, or rundle through which tlie 
latchetpaaseth and is faatt'ned with tho 
tooDg <u the buckle : a loope. 

N<meHclatpr, 1683. 

(4) To eateh copper, to take 
harm. To lie t^xm the eateh, to 
seek an opportunity. 

I hope yon do not lie upon tk« cmtek to 
wenry and tire me out, by putting more 
upon me Uien a horae t« able to endure, 
and then jro about to hang me, Imcaum 
I, through tiredneaa, want bodily 
strength and abihtiet to make nnd pro- 
nounce my defence. English H^ortkUs. 

To eateh afelL A weaver is said 
to have caught a fell when he 
finishes his piece, because there 
is always a small portion wove 
beyond the actual termination 
of the piece, for the purpose of 
securing the remainder of the 
warp after the finished work is 
cut ont. 

Catch -coBNEB, a. A well-known 
child's game. 

Catch ED, a^. Entangled. Beda. 

Catchbbxl, a. A catchjMle. Pr, P. 

Catch-lano, a. Border-land, of 
which the tithe was disputable, 
and taken by the first claimant 
who could catch it. Norf, 

Catch- WATEB, a. A reservoir of 
water in a newly-erected com- 
mon. SovMreetm 

Catcht, adj. Disposed to take ad- 

Cats, v. To be lecherous. North. 

Catxl, a. (^.-JV.) Goods; property; 
treaaure, or money. 

Cateb, v. To cut diagonally. 

Catbb*cou8in, a. (1) An intimate 
(2) A parasite. 

CATBRBTNis,a.(if.-i\r.) Quadraius; 

d by Google 

CAT 292 


Catbrpillar, f. A oockchafer. 
Catbrram BL, V. To bollow out. 

}t OTtPt 

Cater8nozslbd, part. p. Zig-zag. 
Catkrt, •. The place where pro- 

▼isioDS were kept. 
Catbs, f. ProTisions. 

Ill a plftine conntry frreeting he inrftcd 
us to drinke and ente with him such 
etUe$ M ih« house mlfurdf d. 

SmeUg, Search for Monejf, 1609. 

Cat-oallowb, f. A child's game. 

Cathammbd, adj. Awkward ; 
clumay. South, 

Cat-haws, $. Common haws. 

Cathedral, i. A bull?. Line. 

Catuer, f. A cradle. North. 

Cat-hip, t. The gurnet rose. 

Cat-icb, f. Ice from which the 
water has receded. Northampt, 

Cat-in-pan, f. A turncoat, or de- 
serter from his party; to turn 
cat-in-pan, to be a turncoat. 

Our fine phylosopher, our trimme learned 

Is (Tone to see ns false a spic as himselfe. 
Dumon smatters as well as he of craftic 

And can toume col in the foniu very pre- 

But Carisnphua hath given him such a 

mightie clircke, 
As I tliftike iu the ende will breake his 

necke. Damon and Filhiat, p. S06. 

Thus may ye see to tume the ml in Ike p^n. 
Workes of J. Heivsood, lo98. 

Catling, t. The string of a lute or 

violin, made of cat-gut. 
Catm ALLISONS,!. Cupboards Dcar 

chimneys for dried beef and 

provisions. North. 
Catriooed, c^'. Badly creased; 

applied to linen. North. 
Cats and kittbns, •. The blos- 
soms of the salix. 
Cats-cradlb, t. A children's 

game, with string twisted on the 


Cats-foot, t. Ground ivy. North* 

Cats-hbad, f. (1) A kind of po- 
rous stone found in coal pits. 
(2) A sort of apple. 

Cats.hbbr,«. " Catte^heere, other- 
wvse called a felon. Funmeuku.** 

Catso, t. {ItaL cazzo.) A low 
term of reproach; a rogue; a 
base Mk>w. Catzeriet cheating, 

And so cunningly temporise with this cun- 
ning caUo. JTiTy hefwUd, O. PI. 

— And looks 
Like one that ii employed in tatMtrit 
Aadcrotbiting; such a rogue, tc. 

Jew qf Malta, 0. PL, vtu, S74. 

Catr-smbrb, 9. An old name of a 

plant, axungia. 
Cats-tail, t. (I) The catkin of 

the hazel or willow. 

La fleur de noyer sembUUe ^ la queue 
d'un rat, minoiis in Gallia Narboncnsi. 
The eats Uulet on nut-trees, the luiis; 
hud hanging like along wonne or ai- 
glet. Homendalor» \hhi. 

(2) The plant horseUil. 

(3) A sore place, or fester. Cb/- 

Cat-stairs, ff. Tape, &c., twisted 

to resemble stairs. North. 
Cattbr, 9. To thrive. North. 
Catton, v. To thump. North. 
Catwhin, 9. The dog-rose. North. 
Cat-with-two-tails, f. An ear- 

wig. North, 
Catwittbd, atff. Silly and con- 

ceited. North. 
Caucr, «. A nasty mixtnrei Devon. 
Cauci, 1 «. (i/.-M) A causeway, 

CAUCfi, J or road. 
Cauciovb, ff. A surveyor. CmnA. 
Caud, a4;\ Cold. North. 
Caudrbec, f. A hat of French 

fashion, used in England about 

Caudel, If. (A.'N.) A sort of 
cawdbl, j pottage. 

Chvkens in eatedel. Take ehjkrnns, 
ancl hoile hem in gode broth, and'nmme 

d by Google 




kmvp. name teke jolkat of iTren, 
■ and the broth, and aljre it lofcdra. Do 
tiiereto povdor of wynftr, and sugar 
jaovb, aarronn, and salt ; and let it 
orer the ffre witho«te bejUyace, and 
icrve tbo ehyUns bole, other j-broken, 
aad ky tbe aove oooward. 

AnM^Cbiy.p. 9. 

Ctmiei feny. Take iloer of paynde- 
BMva nd fode wyne ; and dratre it to. 
n^dre. Do thereto a grete qoimtU^ of 
•ofar eypie, or bony ciariflM ; and do 
tbrreto laAiona. Boile it, and whan it 
U boiicd. alyr> it no with )oIkea of ayren, 
and do thereto Mit, and meate it forth, 
and lay tbereoii annr and nomlor gyn- 
gCT. Arair afCmiy, p. 11. 

Ctadd mnytif . TUce remafe, or otber 
Ipode avete vyne, and jolkea of ryren 
betca and Itreyned, and put therio 
nger. nnd eolonr bit with Mifron, and 
•etbe hit tyl bit be^ to boyle, and 
almwe ponder of ginger thcron; and 
•ore hit forthe. WarMr, p. 82. 

CAUDcaHB, 9. A caldroD. 
Caodlb, ff. Anjr ftlop. Detmt. See 

Caud-pib, t. L »^ Cold pie; a dia. 
appointment or lost. North. 

Cau«lb, v. To quarrel. North* 

Cauk, f. {A.-N.) LinK'stoDe. Eaat. 

Caul, a. (1) A spider** web. 
(2) A swelling. North, 

Caold, a. A dam-head. North, 

Caulb, a. (1) The filament inclos- 
ing the brain. '* Les covertorea 
de la cerrelle. The eaulei or 
filmea of the braine." Nomenelat. 
(2) A coif. *• Where ii my eaifle; 
On est mon escofion?" The 
French A^hahei, 1615. 

CAincpEBsoMK, ad/. Lively ; play- 
ful. Derbysh, 

Caumt, adj, Qoalmy, Northampt, 

CxuPt V. {A.'S. etapian,) To ex- 
change. North. 

Cauphb, a. Coffee. 

The Tbrfara bare a drink B«a good at 
meat called amfke, made of a berry as 
btgge as a small beaiie. dryed in a fur- 
nace and beat to powder of a loote eo- 
lonr, in taste htile bitterish, tliat tliey 
•eeth and dnoke hot as may be en- 
dared ; it is cuod all boorea uf the day, 
but especially niorning and ei-rninjc, 
when to tbac porpoac ibey entcruune | 

tkems»l«M two or three honres in 

t&m]ike-homu$t wbirh in all Turkey 
ahoand more then innes and alehousrs 
with ns. 

Cavponatb, a. (laf .) To hold an 

Caurt, adj. {A.^N.) Worm-eaten. 
CAoaa, coiy. Becsase. 
CAUaav, a. {A.-N.) A caoseway, 

of which it is the more correct 

Caush, a. A sudden declivity. 

CAnaiDicK, a. {Lat.) A lawyer. 
Cadtkl, a. {A.^N.) A cunning 

Cautblovs, adj. Artful ; cautions. 
Caution, a. A pledge ; a surety. 
Cavb,(1) v. To tilt up. Shropth. 

(2) To fall in, as earth whcB 

(3) To rake; to separate. South. 

(4) To thrash corn. 

(5) a. A cabbage. North. 
Caybarb, a. The spawn of a kind 

of sturgeon pickled, sslted, and 
dried, which was formerly con- 
sidered a great dainty. 

Cavbl, (1) V. To divide or allot 
(2) s. A part or share. North. 

Cavbnard, a. (A.'N.) A Urm of 

CAVBR8TN,a. (^...V.) A hypocrite. 

Cavill, a. A coif, or caule. 

Her golden kwkes like Hennus sands, 
(Or ttren bri^iit Hermin brighter) 

A ananglrd can// bindi in with bands. 
Then silver niornins lighter. 

JlngUuub Heiicon, 16U. 

Cavillation, a. (Lat.) A cavil- 
ling; a quibble in law. '* CaviU 
lation, or subtvle forged tale. 
CavWatw:* ttut^t. 

Cavino, a. Refuse swept from the 
threshing floor. Ea$t. 

Catous, adj. Hollow ; full of cnves. 

Caw, (I) a. The rot in sheep. 





!2) V. To brinf^ forth a lamb. 
3) V, To gasp for breath. J)ewm, 

Cawabd, adv. Backward. 

Cawbaby, 9, An awkward, shy 
boy. Devon, 

Cawoaw, ff. A jackdaw. North. 

Cawdle, 9. Entanglement ; con- 
fusion ; also a mining term for a 
thick and muddy fluid. Comw, 

Ca WD BITE, ff. A shivering feeling. 

Cawdy-icawdt, ff. The Royston 
crow. Northampt. 

Cawb, v. {A.'N.) To go, or walk. 

Cawf, f. An eel-box. East. 

Cawftail, ff. A dunce. Lane. 

Cawhand, ff. The left hand. North. 

Cawkkn, v. To breed, applied 
especially to hawks. 

Cawkt, adj. Frumpish. Line, 

Cawl, (1) ff. A swelling from a 
blow. Yorksh. 

(2) 9. To do work awkwardly. 

(3) ff. A coop. Kent. 

(4) ff. A sort of silk. 

(5) V. To bully. North. 
Cawm, V, In Derbyshire, the rear- 
ing of a horse is called eawming. 

Cawnmy, ff. A silly fool; a half 
idiot. Berii. 

Cawn8B, ff. A pavement. Devon. 

Cawte, adj. Cautious. 

Caxon, ff. A worn-ont yng. So- 

Cay, v. To caw, as a crow. 

Cayn, ff. A nobleman. 

Caynard, ff. (A.'N.) A rascal. 

Cayre, v. To go ; to come. Cayers, 
comers. Morte Arthtare. 

Cayser, Iff. (A.'S.) An empe- 
CAY8BRB, f ror. 

CAVTBFET^t ff. {A.'N.) Wretched- 

Cayvar, ff. A kind of ship. K. 
Aluaunder, 6062. 

Cazami, ff. The centre or middle 
of the Bun; an astrological 

CAjTBj/irff/. t. Caught. Rob, Ghuc, 

Ceace, ff. A layer of earth, straw, 

&c. Noif. 
Cease, v. To die. Shaketp, 
CsATB, ff. A membrane. 
Cecohin, ff. An Italian coin, a 

Cedule, ff. A schedule. 
Cbb, ff. The sea. 
Ceob, ff. A seat. See Sege. 
Ceoob, ff. The water flower de-lnoe. 

See Seffffe. 
Cbise, 9. (A.-N.) To seize. 

^c."».}'- A«.rt«f.kuU^p. 
Cblaturb, ff. {A.'N.) The under* 

surface of a vault ; the ceiling. 
Celb, (1) adj. Happy. See Seie, 

(2) ff. {A..N.) A canopy. 

(3) ff. Time ; season. See Sele. 

(4) r. A term in falconry. " I 
cele a hauke or a pigyon or any 
other foule or byrde* whan I aowe 
up their eyes for caryage or other- 
wyse." Palegrave. 

Cblebrious, ff. {A.'N.) Famous. 
Crixd, part. p. (I) Decorated by 

sculpture or painting. 

(2) Wainscoted. 
Celeb, adj. Strange ; wonderful. 
Celerer, ff. (Lat) The officer in a 

monastery who had the care of 

the provisions. 
Celbstinb, ff. A kind of piiinket 

or coloured cloth, with broad 

Cellar, ff. {A.-N.) A canopy, 

especially of a bed. " Cellar for 

a bedde, eiel de lit." PaUgrave. 
Cellb, ff. {Lat.) A religious house. 
Cblsitudb, ff. {Lat.) Highness. 
Celwylly, adj. Unruly. Pr. P. 
Ceme, ff. A quarter of corn. Pr. P. 

See Seam. 
Cbmmed, o^/. Folded; twisted. 
Cemy, adj. Subtle. Pr. Parv, 
Cencleffe, ff. The daffodiL 
Cbndal, ff. {A.'N. aendal.) A sort 

of rich silken stuflT, which was 

much prized. 
Cbns, ff. (I) A sort of sauce. 

a by boogie 



(2) An isserabW. Pclf^tfw. 
CBicg, 9, Incense. To eeiue, to 

sprioUe with ineenae. 
CssisiB,!. AiiiDeeDupot;abottle 

for spriokling perfumes. 
CKNBumB, (1) 9. (I«^) JodgmcBt ; 


Thly, nudan, he raffera ia mj eentmrt 

e9HU with yonr Udythips. and I think 

bin to be a bundle of vanity, otherwiae 

called a fop ia extraordinary 

Dmtftff, Fooi twn'4 Criiiek. 

(2) V. To judge; to give an 

Tlicy doffe liMir upper garaMiita: cadi 

Unto her mSke-vlute limiea mocke to 

bare her, 
^ndl difference twkt tbdr white nmoAM 

and their akina, 
And iiard it vere to etmsure which were 

fairer. Grmi BriUim$ Trojft, 1G09. 

Cext, «. A gmme at cards, supposed 
to have reserabled picquet, and 
10 called because 100 was tbe 

CaNTBNKft, f . Ad officer command- 
ing a hundred men. 

Cbkto, f . {Lat) A pitchwork. 

CcNTRT-OAnTH,«. The ccmctery of 
a monastery. 

Cekty-foot, 1 ^ ^ ^^ 

I at cards pbiy'd with a girl, 
Bose by name, n dainty pearl t 
At etniy-foot I oft'n moved 
Her to love aw, whom I loTed. 

DnuJct» BaniMkjf. 

CiouT, tr. To bark. Shroptk. 
Cap, V. To catch a balL North, 
Cbpb, «. A hedge. 
Cbphbn, «. The male, or yoaog 

Cbradenb,«. a fresh-water mnsde. 
■ North. 

Cbbcle, 9. {A,'N.) To surround. 
CBaBMONiBa,«. Prodigies. Shaietp. 
Ckrqe, i. {A,-N.) A wax Uper. 
CgnKE, 9, A shirt. See Sark. 
Cben, «. To concern. ShaJteqt, 
Cernoyle, «. Honeysuckle. 
Cerse, 9. To cease. North, 
Cbrtacioh; #. Assurance. 

Certain, Aft>. Certainly. Chauctr. 

Certei>, adj. Certain ; firm. 

Certes, adv, (^...V.) Certainly. 

Cert-monet, 8, Head money or 
common Ane, paid yearly by the 
residents of several manors to 
the lords thereof. BUmmt. 

Ceruse, «. Ceruse or white-Iead» 
used by ladies for painting. 

Cbrte, 9. A circlet. 

Cervelle, ff. (A,'N,) The brain. 

Ce88, (I) v. To spill water about. 

(2) t. {A,'N.) Measure ; estima- 
tion. " Out of all eeat/ exces- 

(3) i. To call dogs to eat. Somth, 

(4) 9. A Isyer or strttum. Bast. 
Cessb, v. (1) (J,'N.) To cease. 

(2) {A.'N.) To give seizin or 

Cbsbbr, f. An assessor. 

Cest, part, p. ( A,- N.) Ceased. 

CEBTOVft,(A,'N.) A studded girdle. 

Cbte, «. A company of badgers. 

Cbterach, 9. {Fr.) The stone- 

Cbtywall, f. See Setewale, 

Chack, t. The groove for the 
arrow in a crossliow. 

CBACBABLB,a<(^'. Fit to be hunted. 

Chacechibnb, f. {A.'N,) Berners. 

Chacklb,9. To chatter. Somerwet. 

Chackstone, a. A small flint. 

Chacoon, t. (^pon.) A dance like 
the saraband, brought from Spain. 

Chad, 9, A small trench for drain- 
ing land. MidL C. 

Chadan, a. The inwards of a calf. 

Chaddb, «. To shed. 

Ch ADFARTHiNO, 9. A farthing paid 
formerly for the purpose of hal- 
lowing the font for christenings. 

Cbadle, v. To make a small groove 
in which to drive a wedge to split 
stones. Northampt. 

Chads, «. Dry husky fragments 
found amongst food. JBa9t, 

Chafe, n. {A,-N,) To grow angry* 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 




Cbafsoall, «. A bon earned by 
the friction of the legs. 

EntreUil, weorchuw et pe«u wr «- 
chKttffement, aouillare. A gui with 

■wMiing! I ckaf^gdU: i nighig^h » 
siernrKiul, wliicK m») 
and riding in a sweat. 

piU, wliicli may come by roing 

CHAFB»,#.(l)The May-bug. South. 
(2) (irf..JV.) A laucepan. "A 
caudoFDe, kettle, skellet, or cAa/- 
fer to beate water in." Ao»i«i- 

CHAPB&.BOUSK, f . An alehouse. 

CHArsBT, t. (-rf-iV.) A fnrnace. 

Chatkwbsd, «. An old name for 
the plant cudwort. Nomenelat, 

CHAFr-BONB, If. The jaw-bone. 
chaptb.ban, J Chaff'faXLBk^ low- 
spirited. Norths 

Chafpsbb. (1) V. (^.-5.) To deal, 
exchange, or barter. 
(2) a. Merchandise. 

Chafflb, «. To haggle. North. 

CHArr-NBTS, i. Nets for catching 
small birds. 

Chapfo, v. To chew. Lane, 

Ch APFRON, t. A chamfron, or head- 
piece for a horse with a projecting 

Chaflbt, a. {J,'N,) A small scaf- 

Chafty, adj. TalkatiTe. Yorkih. 

Craibrb, «. {j4,'N.) a chair, or 

Chain, t. A weaver's warp. Somer* 

CttAiB-HOLB, f. A recess made in 
the upper part of a rick in which 
a person stands to receive the 
com or hay to convey it higher 
for completing the rick. Eatt. 

Cbaisbl, a. (^.-iV.) An upper 

(2) A sort of fine linen, of which 
smocks were often made. 

Chattt, adj, Careftil; delieate. 

Cbalandb, f. A chanter. 

Cbaldbr. t. To crumble. East. 
Chaldron, la. (A.-N.) A sort 


Chalk, v. To mark up debts with 
chalk in an alehouse. 
Where I drank, and took mj eommdn 
In a tan-house with mv woman : 
While I had it, there I'paid it. 
Till long ekaUting lMx>ke my credit. 

DrwuHm BmnaAy. 

Chall, 9. The jaw. Leie. 

Cballbnob, «. A term in hunting ; 
when hounds or beagles first find 
the scent and cry. 

Chalm, v. To nibble into minute 
particles. Norihamp, 

Chalon, a. A coverlet. Chanter. 

Ca altered, pari. p. Overcome 
with heat. Leie. 

Cham, (1) adv. Awry. North. 
(2) V. To chew or champ. 

Chamberdbkins, 8. Irish beggars. 

Chamberbr, a. A wanton person. 

Chambbrerb, a. (J.-N.) A cham- 

Chamber-fellow, a. A chum; 
one who occupies the same cham- 
bers with another. 

Chambbrinob, a. The furniture of 
a bed or bed-room. 

Chambrr-lib, a. Urine. Shaknp. 

Chamberlin, la. An attendant 
chamberlain, /in an inn, equt- 
valent to the head waiter or upper 
chambermaid, or both, and some- 
times male, sometimes female. 
Milton says that Death acted to 
Hobson the carrier, 

Ib the kind oAce of a chamhtrHn, 

Show'd him his room where he must lodge 
that night, 

Fuli'd off his booto, and took away the Bght 

On the Umw. Carrier, 1. 14. 

I had eren as live the ^Afla^erloiiM of 

the White Horse had called me vp to 

Ud. PteWs Old Witet TtOt, \ 1. 

CRAMBBm-PiBCB, 9. A guu which, 
instead of receiving its chaige at 
the muzzle, had an opening or 
chamber near the opposite extre- 
mity, in which the powder and 

d by Google 




rly secured, were de- 

. Small caonon, with- 
res, used chieily on 
To chew. 

}#. {A.-N.) A ▼•ne- 
gated stuff. 

, «. Husks of com. 

RKNE, 9. (A.'N.) A 


. Tbejotnt or bending 
r part of the hind legs 

(1) The plain slope 
sring off the hedge of 
i rabbet. 

3w channel or gutter; 
" Cham/red brows/' 
rows. Renter. 
nalleoii, a kind of dnrtt, 
be on this fashion : There 
ade of a cane, beim'ixt the 
■teile, joined and rmirhed 
i yron full of chamfers nnd 
muM$u Mttreellimu, 1609. 

\{A.'N,) Armour for 
)se and cheeks. 

A richly ornamented 
\ by persona of rank in 
V% time. 

adj. Hard ; firm. 

lite, or chew, 
tread heavily. Wctrw. 
:ut&e. Ejcmoor. 
\adj.{A^N,) Plain; 
J flat ; open ; applied 

reet lies a way up into a 
w heath, where the whIIcs 
It. and the air so sweet. 
tuft Tra»«U our EngUmd. 

, ff. (if..^.) A share 
partnership in power, 
irm, a maintenance of 
his suit on condition 
I share of the thing 
a case of soccess. 

CHAMra, «. {A.-N.) The field or 
ground in which carving is 

Champers, 9, Hounds. 

Champkynb, ff. A sort of fine 

CuAMPiONON, #. (fr.) A mush- 

Champion, «. To challenge; to 

Chanck, f. The game of hazard. 

Chance-bairn, t. A ba&tard. 
A or/A. 

Chance- BONK, ff. The huckle- 
bone. Ea9t, 

Chandrt, ff. The place where can- 
dles were kept. 

CuANB.j^re/. /. (A.'N.) Fell. 

Chanprocb, adj. Very fierce. 

Changk, ff. A shift. 

Changbabls, adj, Varie^^ted. 

Chanokl, ff. The herb bugloss. 

Chanoelino, ff. A child changed 
by the fairies. 

Chanobrwipe, ff. A female huck- 
ster. North, 

Chanoinolt, adv. Alternately. 

Chankb, ff. An old dish in cookery. 

Chanker, ff. A cliirik. Dorset, 

Cuanks, ff. The under part of a 
pig's head. South, 

Channel, a. The windpipe. 

Channsr, v. To scold. North, 

Channbst, 9. To exchange. £r- 

Ch A NT, r. To mumble ; to chatter, 
as birds do. 

Chanter, ff. Part of a bagpipe. 

Chantrel, ff. A decoy partridge. 

Chap, (1) ff. (from A,-S, 
A purchaser. 

(2) A familiar term fc 

(3) A chink. 

(4) A knock. 

(5) The lower jaw of i 
(G) V, To crack. 

d by Google 




Chap-book, t. A small book sold 

bv hawkers. 
Chapchubch, t. A parish clerk. 

Chape, s. (1) The hook or metal 

part at the top of a scabbard. 

I'll make him cat the sword you «penk 

of; nay, not only the aword, but the 

hilt, the knot, the scabbard, the ehape, 

the belt, and the buckles. 

Durfejf, Marringe-hater MatclCd. 

(2) The end of a fox's tail. 

Chapbl, f. A printing-house, said 

to be so named from having been 

originally held in the chapel at 

Chapellb, t. {Lot.) A chaplain. 
Chaperon, t. A French hood. 
CHAPBTREL,f.(^.-A^.) The Capital 

of a column. 
Chapin, t. See Choppine. 
Chapitlb, t. {A.'N.) A chapter. 
Chapman, t. {j.-S. ceapman.) A 

merchant, or buyer. 
Chap-m ONBY, t. Money abated or 

given back by the seller. 
Chappbllet, t. {A.'N.) A small 

CuAFFKD^ part. p. Chopt. 
Chappy, adj. Cleft ; gaping open. 
Chaps,!. Wrinkles. Craven. 
Chapyde, pret. t. (for etchapyde.) 

Char, (1) *. A species of trout, 
caught in the lakes of West- 

(2) V. To char a laughter, to 
raise a mock laugh. North. 

(3) adv. Ajar. North. 

(4) V. To hew stones. 
Char, It. A work or business. 

CHARE, J They still use the word 
in the North, where they would 
say, " That char is charred^** that 
work is done. Char-womarit a 
woman hired by the day for 
general work. 

To blush and to make hononi, and (if need) 
To pule and weepe at every idle toy. 

As women use, next to prepare his we 
And his soft hand to ekare-wort 

imploy : 
He pronts in his practise (heaven 

Ana of his shape assumed graunt hin 
Great Britaxnes Trcye, 

And luok that the hanKing:s in 

malted room be bruaht uom n, an 

ehart-woman rub the rest of the n 

Retet, The Town ShifU, 

Charactery, f. Writing; 

Charbokul, *. {A.'N.) A 

Chare, (l)f.(i^.-iV.) A char 

(2) V. To hinder. Pr. Part 

(3) V. To stop, or turn I 

(4) V. To drive away. 

(5) V. To separate chaff 
com. South. 

(6) V. To counterfeit Nori 

(7) #. A narrow street. Ne 

(8) f. A wall-flower. 
Charely, fl^f. Careful ;chai 
Chare-thursday, ff. Ma 

Charkts, 8. Chariots. 
Charge, v. {A.-N.) To weig 

incline on account of weigfa 

weigh in one's mind. 
Chargeant, 04;* {A.'N.) 

Charged, a((f'. Ornamented; 

Charge-house, «. Apaidscl 

Do you not educate Tonth at the i 

house on the top of the mountain 


Charoeous, adj. {A.-N.) ' 

Charger, f. A large dish. 
Chariness, «. Caution. 
Charitous, adj. {A.'N.) 

Chark, (1) V. To chop, or < 


(2) *. A crack. Northi 

(3) V. To creak. North. 
(i) V. To make charc^. 





(5) ». To expose new ale in an 
open Tcstel ttotil it acquiretacidity, 
and becomes clearer and soorer, 
when it is lit for drinking. Lme. 

(6) ff. Small beer, yorkth, 
CHAaK-coAL, ». Charcoal. 
CHAaLBsVwAiN, #. The constel- 

lation Ursa Major. 
CaAaLBT, t. (^.-JV.) A dish in 

Omtitt. Take pork, uid teeth it wel. 
Hewe it miale. Cast it in a pAnne. 
Breke ajrcnn, and do thereto, and 
•ryiig it wel topyder. Pat thereto 
cmre mylke and aafroan, and boile it 
togyder. Salt it, and meate it forth. 

Jbrm^^Cury, p. 10. 

Charlock, «. The mustard plant. 

CHAaii; (1) V. {A.'N.) To utter 
musical sounds. 

Here w onr alendcr pipes may safelY 
tkarm. Spent. Skep. Kal., October, ?. 118. 
vhat longB will I charm out, in praise 
of those valiantly stron{c-8tiuking 
breaths. Decitr, G*U Bonk, fromm. 

(2) s. A hum, or low murmuring 
noise. " With charm of earliest 
birds." MiUon, Par, £., It, 641. 
Hence, as birds charm together, 
it was used to mean a company 
of birds, as a charm of gold- 
finches, t. e., a flock of them. 

(3) V. To silence. 
Chariied-milc, \8. Sour milk. 


Cbarmbr, t, {A.'N,) A magician. 
Charn-curdlk, ff. A cfaurn-sUff. 

Charneco, 1 ff. A sort of sweet 
CHARNico, J wine, made near 


Come my inestimable bullies, well 

talk of yonr noble acts in sparkling 


FuntM, act 4, Smppl. to Sh., ii, CIS. 
Cb ARNRL, ff. The crest of a helmet. 
Cbarrb, ». To return. 
Crarrbd-dunk, ff. Drink turned 

sonr in consequence of being put 

into the barrel before it is cold. 


Cbarmt, (1) t. (A,'N.) A cart, 

or chariot. 

(2) adj. Dear ; precious. North. 
Cbartal, ff. (Lai, eharttda,) A 

small document. 
Chabtxl, ff. (Fr.) A chslleng^. 
CHARTBRBRtff. A freeholder. Cheth, 
CuARTBR-MASTBR, ff. A man who, 

having undertaken to get coals 

or iron-stone at a certain price, 

employs men under him. 
Chartbr-partt, ff. A bill of 

Charthovs, ff. {A,'N.) Carthu. 

sian monks. 
Charwort. See Brackwort, 
Chart, adj. Careful ; cautious. 
CuABR, (I) ff. {Fr.) A term in the 

gsme of tennis, the spot where a 

ball falls. 

(2) ff. A wood, or forest. 

(3) V, To enchase. Cw. Myut, 

(4) V. To pretend a laugh. North. 
Chasing. An amusement at school 

of pressing two snail-shells to- 
gether till the weaker was 
broken. The strongest is called 
the choMcr, 

Chasino-spbhr, ff. A hunting- 

Chasour, ff. {A,'N.) A hunter. 

Chassb, ff. The common poppy. 

Chaste. (1) t^. {A,'N,) To chastise, 
or correct. 

(2) ff. (^.-M) Chastity. 

(3) Trained, applied to hounds. 
Chastelain, ff. {A,'N.) The lord 

of a castle. 
Chastey, ff. (A.'N.) The chesnut. 
Chabthbde, ff. Chastity. 
Chastie,«.(^.-A^.)(1) Tochastise. 

(2) To chasten. 
Chastilet, ff. (A,'N.) A small 

Chastise, v. To accuse; to ques- 
tion closely. Weit, 
Chat, ff. (1) (A,'N.) A cat, or 


(2) A child. Detfon. 

^3) A tell-tale. Devon. 

d by boogie 




(4) A stnall twig; a fragmeiit of 
anything. WeMt. 

(5) The wheatear. Northampt. 
Chats, «. (1) A feast; a ireai. 


(2) A sort of waistcoat. 
Chates, 9. The gallows. Hamum, 
Chatbus, t. {A.-N.) Chattels. 
Chats, «. (1) Catkins of trees. 


(2) Small refuse potatoes. Var.di, 

(3) Smalt hits of drieil wood. 
The gathering of them is called 
ehaiting. Norihampi. 

Chatsomb, adj. Talkative. Kent. 

Chatter, 9, To tear; to bruise. 

CHATTBR-BAaKBT, 1 «. An inces- 
CHATTBR-BOX, J sant talker. 

Chattbrnoul,«. a lubiHjr. North, 

Chattbr-pib, 9. A magpie. 

C hatter- wateh, 9. Tea. 

Chattery, adj. Stony, or pebbly. 

Chattocks, 9. Refuse wood from 
f<^ge>ots. Glove4 

Chaucer's- J EftTS, «. Licentious- 
ness ; obscenity. 

Chaudern, 9, A sauce, or'gr^^* 
The chaudem for swans was 
made of the giblets boiled and 
seasoned with spices. H'ameTf 
AiUtq. CuLt p. 65. 

Chavdron. 9. Part of the entrails 
of an animal. 

Chaupb, ». {J,'N.) To warm; 
to heat. 

CuAUFBRB, t. (A.-N.) A basin for 
hot water. 

Hurre thou^t that Iiurre ehoKfere the 
wfajche iraa of ledde y-made. 

CAro*. Fi&)Am.,p.64. 

Chaufraik, t. The head-piece of 
a horse. See C^m/ron. 

Of ail aaie he caught the dUitOe boae. 

Boekiu, 33. 
Boag:lit also and redeemed oat of the 
wolves ehawi. 

Frtf. to Bulknfftr'i Sermom, p. 9. 

(2)v. To scold, or, u We say IB 
trivial language, to jaw. 
Chaumbrb, 9. To curb, or restrain, 
applied to the tongue. 
For Critiat manaced and thretenrd 
hym. that onelesst he ehaninbreed his 
tougue in season, ther should ere Ion;; 
bee one oxe the fewer for hym. 

Jpoptkiffmu o/Brasmut, 1643. 

Chaumpb-batailb, tk Battle in 

the field. 

CHA0NCBLT, odff. (A,'N.) Acci- 

Chauncbmblb, It. A sort of 

Othere spices ther ben of pride whiche 
men and women ben fonnoea inne, and 
it encresith fro day to day, of dyTers 
atire about the bodi: as ofle streyte 
clothes and schorte daj^id hodis, ekatm- 
semlcet disgised and leyde op strayt in 
T. or vi. stedis: women with achorte 
clothis unnethe to the hipes, booses and 
lokettes about the heed, and rile styn. 
kend homes loiigc and brode, and other 
dyrers atire, that I can nought witen 
ne discryen of surche thinges. Even 
man and woman be hit owne juge and 
loke wctl if it be noniiUt ihiu. 

MS. CanUti., IBM eimt. 

Chauncbp£, 9. (A.'N.) A shoeing 
horn. Pr, Parv, (For ehaucep^.) 

Chaundler, 9. (A,-N,) A candle- 

Chaune, V, (fr.) To gape, or 
open. Chaun, a gape or chasm. 
Chaum is still used in the same 
sense in Warwickshire. 

Chauntement, t. Enchantment. 

Chauntrb, 9. (A.'N.) A singer. 

Chavbl, 9. A jaw. See CAauie, 

Chavibh, (1) 9. A chattering, or 
murmuring tioise, especially of 
many birds dr persons together. 
(2) adj. Peevish ; fretful. Kent. 

Chavle, v. To chew. YorknA, 

Chaw, v. (1) To be sulky. South. 
(2) To chew in an awkward 

Chaw-bacon, a. A country down. 

Chawcers, 9. (A.'N.) Shoes. 

Ch AWDPY8, 1 i. (A.'N) The stran- 
CHAUDPis, J gnry. 

Digitized by V^OOQ IC 




>CK, «. The Senecio 

(^.-/V:)ClMmce; turn; 

i. {J'S. eeap.) A 

8 bargain ; a sale. 

ip, 8 good bargain. See 

iside, in London. 

> ask the price of any- 

heapen is still used in 

in Shropshire. 

Number. Weber. 



) The second sort of 

M-ead, ranking next to 

en collar, and shirt- 
ended, to cheat the 
into a belief of the 
if a clean shirt. 
An escbeaior. 
u False dice. Deiker, 

Fraud. North, 
V. To reproach. East. 
'ben a hawk forsakes 
T game, and flies at 
s, or the like, she was 


n a hoand loses scent 
he is said to check. 
ccheggiire, to play or 
,h the mouth as some 
ioc." Florio. 
)n the same footing. 
ij. Chapped. St^H^olk. 
K (J.-N.) A diess- 

EC. See Ciclatoun. 
. a. A roll of the nanaes 

(3) tf. Courage; irnpudpnce. 

Chkek-ball8, <. The round parts 
of tile cheeks. North. 

Chkbks,<. Door posts; side posts 
in general. " The cheekpt or mdc 
posies of a crane or ^^indbcame." 
Nomenclator. The iron plates 
inside a grate to reduce its atzc 
are also called cheekt. 

Cheeks and bars. A kind of 
head-dress, in fa&hion early in 
the 17th cent. 

IV. O then thou ran'st tell how to help 

me to cherks utui ears. 

L. Yc8. mi?ire!*i, very well. 

Fl. ^'. Chefki and rnrs f uhjr, TnistrcfB 

FninccB. wnnt you cherts and ears / 

Dielliiiiks jou have very Uir oiu'S. 

Fr. Th'tu :irt a UxA indeed. Turn, thon 

ktiowfat what I mean. 

Civ Av. iiy, Kester -, 'tis surh m tljcy 

wear a' ihcir heads. Lotidott Frod., iv, o. 

Cheek-tooth,*. A grinder. North. 

Cheen, adj. Sprouted. Devon. 

Cheep, v. To chirp. North. 

Cheer, v. To least or welcome 
friends. North, 

Cheering, a. A merry-making. 

Cherrly, (1) at^. Pleasant; well- 
(2) adv. Courageously. 

Ckeerely, prince Otho, ther's such a war 

like Bight 
That would stirre up a leaden hrnrt to fl'.'ht. 
Tragedy of lUjfman, Ifiol. 

Cheese, s. A hag of pommace from 
the cider-wring. 

Cheese and cheese. A terra ap- 
plied in some parts to two fe- 
males riding on one horse, or 
kissing each other. 

Cheese-brigs, \ a. Two poles of 


d by Google 




Chebse-vatt, t. A vessel in which 
the whey is passed from the curd 
in cheef^e making. 

Cheese-ford, s. The mould in 
which cheese is made. 

Chbbse-latb, 8, A loft or floor to 
dry cheese on. 

Chreselopk, t. Rennet. North, 

Chbesrr, «. The yellowhammer. 

Cheese-running, t, Lady's-hed- 
straw. South, 

Cheeses, «. (1) The seeds of the 

(2) Making eheetes, a game 
among girls, turning round seve- 
ral times, and suddenly curtsey- 
ing low, when their clothes spread 
in a large circle round them. 

Chebste, 8. See Che8te. 

Cheevino-bolt, 8, A linch-pin. 

Chepb, ( 1 ) v. See Cheve. 
(2) 8. A sheaf. 

Chefpery, 8. A rent due to the 
lord of a district. 

Cheftance,«. (^.-iV.) Chieftains. 

C hefts, 8. Chops of meat. North, 

Cheg, v. To gnaw. Northumb, 

Chege, 8. A frolic. Kent, 

Cheggle, r. To chew or gnaw. 

Chbho, V, To sneeze. 

Cheisrl, 8, (J.'N.) A sort of stuff. 

or T. thinges hehitau^t hem werk. 
As to hem wnid bifaile, 
Of flex, of silk, of ekeisd. 
Of porpre aud of pnlle. 

Legend of Joachim ^ Jnne, p. 16S. 

CnEiTiF, 9. {jt.'N,) A caitiff. 
Chek, 8, III fortune. 
Chbre, {\)port.p. Choked. 

(2) Checked, in chess ; and hence 
used metaphorically. 

(3) 8. A person, or fellow. Unc, 
Chekblatoun. See Ciclatoun. 
Chkkbne, v. To choke. 
Chrkbrb, «. (1) The exchequer. 

(2) The game of chess. 

CUKKKBFULLE, 8, Qulte fulL 

Morte Arthurt. 

Chbklew, T adj. Che 

CHOKELBW, J strangling. 

Chelaundrb, 8, {J.'N,) A 

Cheld, adj, (A.'S.) Cold. 
Chbldez, 8. Shields of a boi 
Chblb, 8. (J.'S,) Cold ; chill 
Cuillinge, «. The cod-fish. 1 
Chblp, V, To chirp. Northm 
Chelterbd, adj. Clotted ; c 

lated. North, 
Chem, <. A team of horses. 
Chemise, «. A wall which 1 

work of sandy or loose ear 
Chbne, 8. A chain. 
Chenile, 8. {A.-N.) The hei 
Cheorl, 8. (A.-S.) A churl. 
Chef, «. The part of a plouj 

which the share is placed. 
Chepb, (1) V. {A.'S. ceapian 

buy ; to cheapen ; to trade 

(2) «. A market. 

(3) 8, Cheapness. 

(4) 8, A bargain. See Chet 

But the sack that thon hast dn 
would have hought me lights i 
cheap, at the doirest chandl 
Europe. Shakup., 1 Hen. II 

Perhaps thou may'st agree Mier 
now. Anon. Play of, 

Chbfer, 8. A seller. 
Cbkpinq, 8, (A.'S.) Market; 

a market place. 
Chepster, 8, A starling. iVc 
Chequer-trbb, 8, The s 

tree. The fruit is called eke 

CHsarjiN, 8, See Cecchin, 
C HERA LI. Y, 8, A sort of liqiv 

By your leave, sir. Ill tend my i 
and' instantly be with yoo for a 
cheraUw tliis hot weather. 

B. /- n, Fkir if. itfin 

Cherchbr, 8. A kerchef. 
Ch BRCOCK, 8. The mistletoe tl 

Cherb, (1) 8, (A.'N,) O 

nance; behaviour; enterttin 

(2) 8, A chair. 

(3) adj, (A,'N,y Dear. 

d by Google 




Cbievl, 9, A churi ; ft peattnt. 

CHiarrfe, 1 #, (^.-A'.) Detrncm ; 
chkbt£,j affection. 

Cbsricb, p. {A.-N.) To cherish. 
Ckeritaneet comfort. 

Chiuk, r. To creak. Pr, P. 

CHiaKY, a^. Rich and dry, ap- 
plied to cheese. NorthampL 

Chkrlich, «dp. {A.-N.) Richly. 

Chbrlish, adj. {J.»S.) Illiberal. 

Chbblts-tryaclb, «. Garlic. 

Chbbbilbt, 9. A little cherry. 

Chbbbt, odj. Ruddy. Devon, 

Cbbert-cobs, 9. Cherry-stones. 


lings. Oxford, 
Chbrrt-curds, 9. A cnstard made 
of beastlings and milk boiled 
together and sweetened. North- 

CBBRRT-FAni, 9. Cherry fairs, 
often referred to in the early 
vriters, especially as typical of 
the transitoriness of human life, 
sre still held in Worcestershire 
and some other parts, on Sunday 
evenings, in th« cherry orchards. 

H^ worlde byt ys fiiUe frkylle and frele, 
Alle d&y be day hyt wylie enpuyre; 

And w fonc tbys worklyt we«le» 
Hyt teiTtb bat «• a ekeryfew^, 

MS. Ca«tJb., 15a emt. 

CBBBftT-RABT, «. A chcTTy fair. 

Snmtyme I dnve into nctnoyro 
Bow torov may not ever Uiste, 
And so oom<^k hope in at ]aste, 
Whan I non other foode knowre ; 
And that endoreth but a throwe, 
Ky^t ai it were a ckery'fetU. 

Gow€r, MS. Soc. Antiq., f. 18S b. 

CasBRT-nT, 9. A child's game, 
consisting of pitching cherry- 
stones or nnta into a small hole. 

I hare knred a witdi erer since I play'd 
c*«ny^. mtehofXdmoiUoH, 

Hii ill favoured viatse was almost eaten 
tbrongb witb poek-Colea, eo that balfe 
a parah of children mizbt eaaily have 
pUyed at ckmy-fit in his face. 

ftrnter^B Compteri Com. IT, in Cau. 

Ca^RiiDf pari, p. Christened. 
Chbkvbn, 9. To writhe, or turn 

about. Pr, P. 
Cbzbk, {\) V. {J.'S,) To choose. 

(2) pret. i. Saw. " Even til the 

hegh bord he eke99.** 5yf 

Chbbbbollb,! ^ 


Chb8Lb.mo2«bt,«. The name given 
by the country people to Roinati 
brass coins found in some places 
in Gloucestershire. 

Cbbslip, 9. A woodlonse. 

Cbbsoun,*. Reason. See ^cA«soim, 
which is the correct form of the 

Chbss, 9. (1) To crack. Line, 
(2) To pile up. York9h. Three 
ehe9 chamber, three chambers 
over each other. Totmelejf ifya/., 
p. 27. 

Chbssil, 9, (^.-5.) Gravel or peb- 
hies on the bhore ; a bank of sand. 

Chessnek, 9. A chess-player. 

Chessom, 9. A kind of sandy and 
clayey earth. 

Cbbbt, (1) «. (Lat). A coffin. 
(2) V. To place a corpse in a coffin. 
** Che9i a dead corps with spyce 
and swete oyntmentes in a close 
coflyn. PoUincio" HtUoet, 
(S) The game of chess. "The 
game at draughts or dames : some 
take it for the playe at ehe9t9." 

(i)part,p. Chased ; pursued. 
(5) adj. Chaste. 

Chbste, 9. (A,-S. eia9t.) Strife; 

Chkstbine, la. {A,*N) The 

CHB8TAYNB, J chcsnut. 

jChbstbr, 9. One who emhalros 
or places corpses in coffins. 

Chbst-trap, 9, A sort of trap for 
taking pole-cats, &c. 

Chet, 9, A kitten. Stmtlu 

Chbtb, v. (1) To cut. 
(2) To escheat. Pr. Parv. 

Chbukb,v. To work or char. TTiZte. 

d by Google 

CHE 804 

Chktachie, 9. (A.-N.) An expe- 
dition with civairy. 
Chbve, r. {A.'N. cheptr.) To suc- 
-led; to compass a thing:; to 
irive ; to obtain, adopt. Chevinfft 
iccess, completion. 

HowBomcver that it ehete. 
The knyeht takis his Icre. 

Sir DfgrnaiU, lAtteoU MS. 

)ture Mith heritage holdyn \iTongfally 
I never ckeve, ne with the thred heyr 
uayne, MS. 15M cen^. 

cvRLURB, 8, (Fr.) A peruke. 

iVEN, 9. A blockhead. North, 

5VENTEYN, «. (A.^N.) A chief- 


tvER,». {A.'N,) " Cheville. The 

in of the trukle : the cheverj or 

te." Nomencl. 

;vERB, V, To shiver or shake. 

iVERiL, «. (Fr.) (1) Akid. 

Bentence in but a ckneril glove to a 
lod wit ; how quickly tbe wrong Bide 
ay be turned outward I 

Shakesp., Tvcel N., iii, 1. 

I) Kid's leather, which being of 
very yielding nature, a flexible 
)n8cience was often called a 
leveril conscience. 
EVERON, t. (Pr.) A kind of lace. 
:VB8AiLB, «. {A.'N,) A neck- 

tviCE, V, (A.»N,) To bear up. 
;vi8AKCB, #. (A.'N.) Treaty; 
^cement ; a bargain. 
;viSH, t». (A,'N.) To bargain ; 
) provide. 

;yoRBLL, 8, The herb cherril. 
;WBN, o. To eschew. 
iWBR, 8. A narrow passage or 
»ad between two houses. "Go 
id sweep that chevoer" fVeti. 
;WKT, «. A sort of pie. 
iewetta on flenhe day. Take the lire 
|)ork, and kerve it al to pecys, and 
innes tlierewith; and do it in a* panne, 
id f rye it, and make a coffyn at to a 
e, smalc, and do thereinne, and do 
ereuppon ^olkea of ayren, hardf , pow- 
tr of ^ynger, and salt. Cover it, and 
ve it m grece, other bake it wel, and 
i-re it forth. Ibrme <^ Cury, p. 32. 


Chewrb, t. (a corrupt fon 
chart,) A task, or business, 
still used in Devon, 

Here's two ekevre$ ekewr^d; when w 

is employed 
Tis e\er tlius. B. i- Fl,,Lo9^tCure, 

Chewrbe-rino, V, To assist 

vants. WUi8. 
Chetle, 8, Cold. For chele. 
For many a way y have y-goo. 
In hungur, thurste, chej/tc, and ' 
MS. CmM., Ft 

Chez, v. To choose. North, 
Chibbals, 8, {A.'N.) Small oc 
Chibblb, V, To chip, or brei 
in small pieces. Northawpt. 
Chibb, 8. A kind of onion. A 
Chick, «. A small portion. Ek 
Chiche, {l)a^. {A.-N,) Nigga 
sparing. Chiche.faeedj lean ( 
(2) 8. (A.-N,) A dwarf p< 
vetch. '* Pease ehiehm, or c 
pea8on," Nomenclet, 
Chichelings, 8, Vetches. Nt 
Chick, (1) v. To germinate. 

(2) V, To crack. 

(3) 8. A crack, or flaw. Etu 
Cbickbll,«. Thewheatear. L 
Chickenchow,*. a swing. A 
Chicken's-meat, 8, A nana< 

plied to chick-weed, to th( 

dive, and to dross corn. 
Chickering, 8. The cry d 

Chick-peas, «. Chiches. 
Chiddlbn8,«. Chitterlings. I 
CHiDB,r. (1) {A,-S,) To wrai 

to quarrel. 

(2) To make an incessant i 

^"•"""'■}.. Afem.Ie«! 


Chidham-white, 8, A speci 
com much cultivated in Sui 
Chjd-lamb, 8. A female lam 
Chibi^ 8, A young fellow. No 
Chibrtbb,*. See Chereii, 
Chibvb, (1) V, See Che»8, 
(2) " Apext 8tamenj the ekie 
Utle threds of flowers, as in ] 
fers, lillies." NometwL 

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CHfVB. t. A fngment. SttfoUL 
Chig. (1) 9, To chew. North. 

(2) «. A quid of tobaeco. 
Chiu, <. (^..&} A chicken. 
Cbuilaodke, 9. A chiibbin. 

Child, #. (1) (^.-5.) A youth 

trained to arms ; a knight. 

(2) A girL Dtwm, So ^AcAe^r., 

^Ft«/«r'« Ttf/f , iii, 3, " A boy or 

leAiA^ I wonder." 
Cbildaci, t. Childhood. Ea»t. 
Cbilds, v. {A,'S.) To be delivered 

of a child. 
CHiLDKftMA8,«. Innocentt' day. 
Child-okkkd, adj. {A.-S,) Of 

childish manners. 
Chiloino, (1) #. Bringing forth a 

child. Chiiding-woman, a breed- 
ing woman. 

(2)a^. Productive. 
Cbildly, adj. Childish. 
Childmb88, «. Childishnesa. Shot, 
Chuo-of-tbs-pkopjlb, t. A has* 

Cbildrk, pbir. of cAtitf. (^.-5.) 

Child's-pakt, #. A child's portion. 

Kot so dck, sir, bat I hope to hsre a 
dut^$p^})j yoar last will and testa- 
Beat ma. of Thomas Sluiefy, 1G0(. 

CBiLowrr, 9. A fine paid to the 

Saxon lord when his bondwoman 

was unlawfully got with child. 
Cbilb, a. A blade of grass. Leie, 
Cbill, (I) a. A cold. Donet, A 

cold shaking fit. JSast, 

(2) V, To take the cbill off liquor. 
Cbillert, o^r*. Chilly. Kent. 
Cbiltbr, a. (1) An ewe*sheep. 


(2) The mutton of a maiden sheep. 

Cbimbb, a. {J.'S,) The prominent 

part of the staves beyond the 

head of a barreL 
Chimblb,v. To gnaw. CMmbUnfft, 

bits gnawed off. Buek$. 
Cbimbb, v. (A^S.) To shiver. 
CaiMxcKjB, a. A chemist. Ftorio. 

Chim iKO, a. A kind of light we 

perceive when we wake in the 

night or rise suddenly. 
Cbiminomkss, a. Melodioosnesa. 
Chimlby. a. A chimney. 
Chimnbt, a. (A.»N,) A fire-place. 
Cbimnbt-swbbps, a. The black 

heads of the plantago lanceolata. 

Chimp, a. A young shoot. Donet, 
Crimpinob, a. Grits. North, 
Chimy, «. (from Fr. cAamsae.) A 

Cbin-bakd, a. A laee to fasten 

the hat or cap under the chin. 
Chinbowdash, a. The tie of the 

cravat. Dortet, 
CuiscRE, (I) adj, (A,'N.) Miserly. 

(2) a. A miser. Chjfneherde. 

Chinchbl, a. A small hammer. 

Chinchbrib, a. Niggardness. 
CHXNCHONB,a. The herb groundseL 
Cbin-clout, a. A sort of mofller, 
Chin-couoh, a. The hooping- 
Chxnb, (1) «. A chink or cleft. 

(2) a. A kind of salmon. 

(3) a. Same as cAtm^e. Chine* 
hoop, the extreme hoop which 
keeps the ends of the staves to- 

CuiKKDtpart.p. Broken in the back. 
CBiNOLB,a. Gravel ; shingle. East. 
Cbink, (1) a. A chaffinch. Wett. 

(2) a. Money. 

h\ V. To cut into small pieces. 

(4)9. To loosen or separate earth 

for planting. 

(5) a. A sprain on the back. Eaet. 
Cbioppinb. See Chappine, 
Chip, (1) v. To break, or crack, as 

an egg, when the young bijTd 

cracks the shell. North, 

(2) 9. To cut bread into slices. 

Chippinge, fragments of bread; 

ehipphuf^kntfe, a knife to cut 

breaid vdtb ; chipper, the person 
' who cnts bread. 

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(3) V. To trip. Norih, 
U) 8. The cr>' of the bat. 
(5) Chip m porridge^ a thing of 
no avail, neither good nor bad. 

ChippeR) v. To chirp. Eati. 

Chip-up, t». To recover. East, 

>HiRCHB, «. {A.-S.) A church. 

/HIRE, (1) ». To feast, or make 

Vhat tho' he ehirti on pure manchet 

V^liile kind client grrads on black or 

brovne. Hall, SatirUt book ii. 

(2) 9. A blade of grass or of any 

yHiRisTANB, t. A cherry-stone. 
^HiRK, V. (A,'S.) To chirp. 
i^HiRMB, t. (1) A charm, or noise. 

Heywood, 1556. 

(2) The melancholy under-tone 

of a bird previous to a storm. 

^HiRRB, 9. (^..5. eecrian,) To 

chirp. Herrick, 
jiiiis,pret. i, of chese. Chose. 
/UisAN, It. A dish in old 
CHTSANNB, J cookcry. 

Cktsan. Take hole roches, and tenchys, 
or playa. bui choppe hom on peces, and 
frie hom in oyle ; and take cruatea of 
bredde, and draw hom with wyn and 
▼ynegur, and bray fyggea, anddrawe 
hom therwith ; and myncc ouyona, and 
frie hom, and do therto, and blaunctied 
atmondea fried, and miaingea of corance, 
and ponder of clowea, and of einger. and 
of cauelle, and let hit boyle, then do thi 
fiaah in a faire veaaelle, and poure thi 
•ewe above, and aenre hit forthe colde. 
WkftUTt Antiq. (Mm^t p. 70. 

7ai8B, t, A small quantity. " I 
wish I had put a chiu more salt 
into the links," was said by a 
Bury house¥rife. St{foUb, 

?Hi8BL, i. Bras; coarse flour. 

^BiSELLT, Mdj, Brittle; chippy. 

^HiSKBT, «. Cheese-cake. Leic. 

^Hiasoif, 9. To germinate. //>»/. 

i^BiSTB, 9, {Lat.) A chest. 

?HiT, (1) V, To germinate. 

(2) «. Th« first sprouti 

(3) 9. A forward child. 

(4) a^. Diminutive. 

(5) "CAy^ffin thefacel 
wartes." Huhet, 1552. 

Chitb, r. (A.-N,) To scol 
Cbitrb, V, To chirp. 
CHirsFACB, 9. A baby-fi 


Now, now, yon little witch 

Chitt, 9. A kind of bird. 
Chittbr, (1) V, To si 

(2) V, To chirp. Pabgr 

(3) adj. Thin, folded up 
to a thin and furrow 

Chitterlings, «. (1) Tl 

(2) The frills at the bi 
shirt ; any ornamental fr 

(3) Tbe intestines of a p 
in knots and boiled. 

A haggiae: aome chII it a e 
some a bogs harslet. Nom 

(4) Sprouts from the 
coleworts. Northan^L 

Chittbr8,«. Part of the ( 

entrails of a goose. Nor^ 
Cbittypacbd, a4i. Bat 

Chitai,, «. (fr.) A horse 
Chiybl, 9. A small slit 

Chivbrs, 9, The small 

the roots of plants. 
Cbivbs, (1) t. {Fr,) < 

grass. Leic, 

(2) The threads or i 

rising in flowers, with 

the end. 
Chivino-bao, t. a ho 

Chivt, V, To pursue. 
Cbizrn, 9. To munch. Z 
Cbizzlt, ad^. Hard; hi 

dry. Ea»t. 

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CvoAKnro-pn, $. A trick played 
00 a tluggUh ileeper, hj hold- 

h% a piece o£ ligbted cotton to 

CHOAK-PBAm, #. A eant term for a 

■mall piece of copper mooey. 
Cboanb, 9. A snail fracture. 
Croaty, e4r. Chnbivy. Keni. 
Cbobbixs, 9. Graint of luuripeaed 

vbeat left in the chaff. 
Chock, (1) «. A part of a nedi of 


(2) $. A piece of wood. North. 
Cbocklino, «. Scolding. £niioer. 
Cbocklt, adj. Choky ; dry. SuMter, 
CBocKoif , V. To jingle the glaaiet 

together la drinking. 

Come, nephrr, all of at ckoekon, 
cibelm. to an absent fiiead, ha, hnm ; 
foo know— no more to ba said. (7A^ 
ibfA Uar gUu»et.) 

SkadwtU, Tkt Seomnn, 1691. 

Chockt, adj. Ridgy ; full of b<^et ; 

nneren. Northampt. 
Cbodb, jiref. t. of ehide. 
CaofF, m^. Stem ; moroae. Kent, 
Cboffb, «. A churl. See Ck^fe. 
Cbocs, «. The cuttings of hop 

plants in spring. So/utk, 
Cboilb, v. To overreach. Ywrkih, 
Cbokb8, «. The throat. Nortkumb. 
Cbokkb, 9. (J.'N.) To push 

Chol, «. {A,-SJ) The jok; jaws } 

properiy, that part extending 

from beneath the chin and throat 

from ear to tar. 
Cbouek,«. Soot. North, 
Cbolickt, adj. Choleric. But. 
Choller, a. A double chin. North, 
Choi^t-hbadbd, adj. Stupid. 
Cbomp, v. To chew; to cnuh. 

Cbok, v. To break. 
Cbonck, 9. To cheat. Dewm, 
Cbonot, 9, (J.'S.) To change. 
Cboonbb, 9. To grumble. Lane. 
Cboobe, a. Thirty biiabels of flour 

or meal, liber Ni^er Edm. IV. 
Cboort, 9. To work, or char. 

CBooaiNO-anc&, a. A difiniag. 

rod. Somenet. 
Chop, (1) a. (A.^S.) To exchange, 

or barter. *«CA^p|M and cfaaonge. 

Mereor." Huhet. 

f2) To flog. E$90M, 

3; To meet accidentally. North, 

[i) To put in. North. 
CBOPCHBBBYy $. A gam« with 

Chopch vncHBa, «. Secular priests 

who exchanged their beuefices 

for gain. 
Cbof-looobuibad, a. A great 

blockhead. Eatt. 
CHor*LooicK, 9, A person who i« 

▼ery argumentatlTc. 
Chopper, a. (1) A cheek of bacon. 


(2) A sharp fellow. Devon. 

Cbopfinb, '^ 9.{l)(^nn.) 

CBioFpiNB, I A high clog or clog 

CHAPiN, I patten, of cork or 

CHOPBBN, J light framework, 

covered with leather or metal, 

and worn under the shoe. They 

were commonly used in Spain 

and in Venice, but in England 

only in masquerades. 

By*r lady, your ladjahip is nearer to 
hearen tlian when I sav 700 last, by 
the altitude of a ckutppine. 


The Italian in her high ekopeent. 
H*fw.^ CkaiUn^t qf Bemuly, act S 

.— I am doll—aonie mnsto— 
Take my ehafitu off. So. a loaty strain. 
MatHH^er, RnigadOt i, 8 

(2) {Fr.) A quart measure. North 

Chopping, a((r. Large; lusty. 

CR0P8B, «. To abuse. Northanwt. 

Cbobb, 9. A narrow passage be- 
tween two bouses. See Chewer. 

Chobk, a4f. Saturated with water. 

Choblb, a. A churL 

Chobtov, a. Tripe made from the 
calf s stomach. Leie. 

Cboseb, a. Excuses. Phaa^ton 
Corr.f p. 198. 

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I V. To cheat. 

/H0§LiNOB8, «. Chosen people. 
^HouLR^j. (1) Ajavr. North, See 


(2) The crop of a bird. 
)hountino, 9. QuArrelling. Erm. 
/H0UNTI8H, adj. Surly. Devon. 
Groups, t. Hips, the fruit of briars. 


/HOUSE, "I ^|v 
CH0W8E, J ^ ' 

(2) $. The act of cheating. 

(3) t. A person easily cheated. 

/HousLE, V. To munch. Line. 

/HOUT, «. A frolic, or merry- 
making. EaMt, 

;houx, t. (Fr.) A part of t lady*» 
head-dress. See Cabbage. 

A ckous is the round bou beliind the 
liead, rescmblitiK a cabbage, and the 
French accordinKly so name it. 

Ladies' Dictionary, 1694. 

Jhove, V. (A.-N.) To sweep. 

Jhovelinos, t. Husks or refuse 
from rats or mice. Leie. 

Ihovt, 9. A small beetle. Ea9t, 

Jhow, v. To grumble. North. 

iHOWDsa, 9. A fish-seller. Devon. 

!howfinged, 9. A stupid fellow. 

Ihowrb, v. To grumble or mut- 
ter. Still used in Somerset. 

But whei) the crabbed nurce 
Beginnes to cliide and ckowre. 

TurievUe's Otid, 1567. f. 123. 

iHOWTBRitr. To grumble. Devon. 
HKiNSiB, 9, A sort of drinking 

This hot weather canses people to be 
thiraty, insomuch that there will be 
great employment for noegins, whiskins, 
chriruies, cans, tanknrus, blark-jncka, 
and such like implements of liusbandry ; 
with any one of which, if a man follow 
his work hard, he may |eet drunk before 
night, if he's a good (or if you please a 
bad) husband in the momiug. 

Poor BoUn, 1740. 

nRJsou^,9.(J.'N.)(\) In Popish 
times the white cloth set by the 
minister upon the head of a child 
newly anointed with chrism after 

his baptism ; but afterward 
for the white cloth put u( 
child newly christened, ii 
of baptism, and with whi 
women used to shroud the 
dying within the month, 
the term ehri9om9 was i 
to children dying with 
month of birth. 
(2) In some parts of Bng 
calf killed before it is a 
old was called a chrisom.( 

CHRiaoMB, 1 «. The oil witl 
CRTSUMB, > children were 
CRISMB, J ed when bapti 

Christ-cross, 9. The al( 
because, in the old horr 
for teaching it to cbildr 
letters of the alphabet wc 
ceded by a cross. Son 
called Chri9t'Cro99'row. 

Christendom,*. Achristiai 

Christian-horses, 9. 
chairmen. Newc. 

Christino-oay, 9, Chrii 

I thinke if the midwife were pi 

oath, I was wrapt in hers o' tl 

ingday. Wine, Beere, Ale, and 

eoiUentUng for SnperiorUi 

Christltnos, 9, A small 

pluhi. Devon. 
Christmas, «. Holly, with 

houses are decorated at 

Christmas-boxes, «. Boi 

ried by poor men at Christ 

solicit money, whence the i 

use of the word. 
Christmas-lord, 9. The 

Christ-tide, 9. Christmas. 
Chub, 9. A rough country < 
Chubby, a^r*. (1) Fat. 

(2) Surly; angry. Ea9t. 
Chuck, (1) v. To toss; to t 

(2) 9. A hen. Craven, 

(3) 9. A term of endearmi 

(4) «. A sea-shelL North, 

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chip. SuiteT, 
Cosily. SuMtex. 
Potions of ardent 

3, «. 


A game 

Quite full. 

exult inwardly. 
t. A fool. Var.di. 
he cheeks. Devon. 
iched in the husk. 

)8 of wood. SU99. 
mp or chew, 
need meat. See 

Sullen ; churlish ; 

c. Coigrave. 
Belted; childishly 

rm of reproach or 
lally applied to 


II ehvffe was come to 


^Ub'wtu England, 1592. 

m (l remember), with 

hort to the stunins, as 

^jinde, »nd a nuge 

e. like h claster of 


Pi^rc* PeniUsse, 1592. 

I ;oa were married to 
tt Wk^ 0. ?L, Ui, 26«. 

Fat and fleshy, 
andy ahont ; used 

14th cent 

tobacco. Miege. 
9. A ceremony 
sons on the arri. 
omer, who is wel- 
he music of old 
▼es, for which he 
pay his admission 
of wood. 

Chumpt, adj. Small; stunted. 
Chums, t. The smallest fragments 

of brick used by masons. 
Chun, s, A profligate wotnan. 

Crunch, adj. Sulky. Line, 
Chunk, «.(1) A log of wood. AVn/. 

(2) A trunk of a tree. Norths 

(3) V. To chuck one under the 
chin. Kent, 

Chunkings, t. The stump of a 
tree left in the ground after the 
tree is cut down. Leie, 

CHUNTKa. 1 To complain J to 

I grumble. 


Church- ALB, t, A feast in com- 
memoration of the dedication of 
a church. 

Churcu-clbrKi 9. A parish-clerk. 

Churchb-oano, *. Church-going. 

Churcuhaw, "Is. {A.-S.) A 
chtrchk-hayb, J church-yard. 

Churching, t. The church-ser- 
yice. Eatt. 

Church-littbn,<. a church-yard, 
or burial ground. "When he 
come into that chirche-lytioun 
tho." Chrm. Vilodun. Still used 
in West Sussex. 

Church-masters, 9. Church- 
wardens. North. 

Church-rbve,s. (A.-S.) a church- 

Church-scot, s. Payment or con- 
tribution to the church. 

Church-8tilk,s. a pulpit. iVbrM. 

Church -TOWN, t. A village near 
the church. South, 

Churchwarden, t, A cormorant 

Churchwort.s. Pennyroyal. 

Churer, 9, An occasional work- 
woman. Comw. 

Churl, 9. The wallflower. Shrop9h, 

Churl's-trkaclb, 9. Garlic. 

Churly, adj. (1) Rough, applied 
to weather. York9hm 

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(2) Stiff; cloddf; applied to 
M>il. Leie. 

Churn-dash, «. The staff of a 
churn. North. 

Chu&nbl, t. An enlargement of 
the glands of the neck. North, 

Churn-oottino, t. A. harvest- 
supper. North. 

Churn - milk, i. Buttermilk. 

Churn-supper, a. In some parts 
of the country it is customary for 
the farmers to give an entertain- 
ment to their men at the close 
of the hay-harvest ; this is called 
the churn-supper. At these sup- 
pers the masters and their fami- 
lies attend and share in the 
mirth. The men mask them- 
selves, dress in a grotesque man- 
ner, and are allowed the privilege 
of playing jokes on their em- 
ployers, 8cc. 

Churre, f. A kind of bird. Areh.^ 
xiii, 350. 

Churrino, «. The noise made by 
a partridge in rising. 

Crurty, a. Rocky soil. Kent. 

Chusb, v. (^.-iV.) To reprehend; 
to find fault ; to accuse. 

Chuse-but, v. To avoid. North- 

Chuserel, «. A debauched fellow. 

Chutb, $. A hilly road. Wight. 

Chutb-lamb, a. A fat Iamb. Swi. 

Cwwxxv.adj. Dressed. Somer$et. 

Chtmbb, t. {A.'S.) A cymbal. 

Chymmbr, t. A gown cut down 
the middle, formerly used by 
persons of rank. 

Chtmol, a. A binge. 

Chyn, a. The chine, pr back. 

Chtppb, 9. To carp at. 

Chyvblbn, tr. To become shri- 

CicBLT, a. Cow parsley. North. 

Cichlino, a. Vetches. North, 

CiciLiA, a. The name of a dance. 

Ciclatoun, 1 a. (.-/.-.V. ai 


CHBKBLATO0N, J Stuff brOt! 

from the East ; the name is i 
bic. In the 16th cent, the n 
appears to have been given 
sort of gilt leather. 

Lef on me ant be my wife, f nl wel thi 
apt'dc ; 

Auntiuge ant Aaie acaliou han to mec 

Ciclatoun ant purpel pal acaltou ha 

Wid nlle the metes of my lond fal 

seal the fede. Legend of St. Jforj 

But in a jacket, quilted richly rare, 

Upon eheeklaUm. he whs strauKely c 

^«M.. F. q., VI, Ti 

CiDDLB, V. To tickle. Kent. 
CiDB, V. To decide. South. 
CiDBRAOB, a. The herb arsmai 
CiDBRKiN, a. The liquor n 

from the apples after the cid 

pressed out. 
CiERGBs, a. (A.'N) Wax tape 
CiM BicK, a. {A.'N.) A miserly 

CiMiCE, a. (Ital.) A wall-louse 
CiMiss, a. (Lat. cimex.) A bu 
CiNCATBR, a. {Fr.) A man in 

fiftieth year. 
CiNDKR-WENCHBa, t. Girls 

collected or carried cinders 

ashes from houses. 
CiNOLKT, a. A waistcoat. Nor 
CiNGULAR, a. A wild boar ii 

fifth year. 
CiNOPER, a. Cinnabar. 
CiNauE-PACE,a. A dance, that 

of which were regulated b^ 

number five. 

We had not measured thrM ri 

ptieet. but we met with one that c« 

far greater pace towards us. 

BcvBUy^ Searehfor Money, 

CiNQUE-PORT, a. (fr.) A so 

fishing-net, with five entrant 

CiNUUBTALK, a. A quintal. 

CiPE, a. A large basket. Berk^ 

Cippus, a. The stocks or pil 

CiPRBSS, a. A sort of fine ga«: 

crape, for wearing round «, 

man's neck. 

d by boogie 




r,M» A roaring boy. 


See Smrfuidrie, 
. circle or crown. 
BU8, 9. A circuitous 

V. (Lat.) To cut otr. 
:b, a. Conduct ; de- 


MoL South, 
V.) Adty. 
rown-bred ; delicate. 

•N.) A stringed mu- 
nenu CUoierM, per- 
lyed 00 citoles. 
S.) To cut. 
. musical instrument, 
, used much by bar- 
•n-Keadedf ugly. 

It barbers can play on the 

of Delight, voL vi, p. 22. 

L) To result. See 

ken, golden, lynl whore, 
1, and most pockey poore. 
M, Kmate of UarU, 1613. 

wrtition or compart- 
lulted ceiling. 
ber; grave. 
/. cwUat.) A city, 
lose; tight. Yftr'kth, 
Worm-eaten, applied 
The clapper of a milL 
ucker of a pump, 
lap with the fingers, 
id of small windmill 
e top uf a pole, which 
lie wind, and makes a 
i»e, to frighten birds 

itemptuoua name for 

(6) i, A tale-bearer. 

(7) r. To cut the sheep's mark 
from wool, which made it weigh 
less, and thus diminished the 

Clack-box, t. The mouth. East. 
Clack-dish, 1«. A dish or box 
CLAP-DISH, J with a moveable lid, 

formerly carried by beggars to 

attract notice, and bring people 

to their doors, by the noise it 

Clackbb, It, A rattle to drive 
CLACKBT, J birds from the corn. 
Claddb, adj. Armed. Sir 'frU' 

Claddbr, a. A general lover, one 

who wanders from one object to 


A. Two inaa of court men. B. Yei, what 

tlien? A. Know n clad Jert, 
Tiiroiijch all the town. B. Claddfrs! A. 

Yes, catholic lovers. 
From country madama to your glover's 

Or laundress. City Match, O. P., ix, ?98. 

Clape, /lor/. /I. Cleft. 

Clao, *. To stick, or adhere. 
C/ay^y, sticky. North. Women's 
petticoats, when dirtied with 
walking, are said in Northamp- 
tonshire to be clagy'd. 

Claogeb, a. A well-timed remark. 

Clagoum, 1 Treacle made 

CLAG-CANDT, J bard with boil- 
ing. North. 

Clag-locks, a. Locks of wool 
matted together. Ea»t, 

Clags, a. Bogs. North, 

Claikbt, a. A puddle-hole. Ojefd, 

Claim, v. {Lat. elamare.) To cry 

Stryke them, also, with madnes, blynd- 
oes, and woodnes of niynde, that thny 
may palpe and ciayme, also handle as 
bly'nde nian dothe in darkues. 

State Fapert, U, 218. 

Claim-U7, part. p. Overloaded, 
applied to a mill ; pasted up, as 
a placard agaiust the walL North. 

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LAiBo, V. To bedaub. North, 
LAITY, adj. Dirty. Cumb. 
LAKE, 9. To scratch. North. 
LAM, (1) o. To emaciate; to be 
starved. Eatt. 

ow barkes the woIfe tgainst the fall 

cheekt moone, 

ow IvonB \aM[t'eUm*d entrals loare for 


ow croaks the toad, and night crowes 

screech aloud, 

uttering 'bout casements of departing 


ow gapes the graves, and through their 

yawnes let loose 

upriBon'd spirits to revisit earth. 

teond Part of Antonio and MelUda, 1638. 

(2) V. To pinch. North, 

(3) V. To choke with thirst. 
{4)v, To clog up. lVe8t, 
(5) V, To stick to. 

i6) 9, Clamminess. Eiut, 
7)9, Any adhesivcp viscous mat- 

(8) 9. A slut. Ea9t. 

(9) V. To snatch ; to shut. Line, 

(10) t». To rumple. Devon, 

(11) V. To muffle a bell; to ring 
irregularly or out of tune. 

(12) t. A rat.irap. South, 

(13) t, A kind of shelUfish. 

(14) «. A stick placed across a 
stream. We9t. 

(15) t;. To castrate a bull or ram 
by compression. North, 

(16) ». To daub ; to glue. North, 
LAM, '\pret. t. Climbed; pt. 
3LAMB, J clamben, 

LAMBEB8CULL,«. Very stroDg alc. 

LAMB, (1) «. To attach with glu- 
tinous matter ; to spread butter 
upon bread. North. 
(2) V. {Lat,) To call. 
h)9, A caU. 

(4) 9, Ad iron hook, to bind 
stonework together horizontally. 

(5) V, {A,-N.) To challenge. 
LAMMAS, (1) V. To climb. North, 

(2) 9, A clamour. North, 

Clammbrsomb, tulf. Clan 

greedy. North, 
Clamp, (1) o. To tread hei 

(2) V, To fit a piece of b 
right angles to the end of 

(3) 9, A large fire of undi 

(4) 9, A pit or mound lin 
straw to keep potatoe 
through ihe winter. Ea9t 

(5) 9, A rude sort of bri< 

Clamps, «. Andirons. Nor< 
Clams, 9. (I) A pincer for 

up thistles and weeds. A 

(2) A rat-trap, made like 

trap. Su99. 
Clanch, v. To snatch at. 
Clancular, adj. (Lat,) C 

Clang, «. To eat Tora 

Clank, «. A set, or series. 
Clanker, 9, A severe 1 

Clanlichb, a4f' (^^.-5.) < 

Ctanne9f purity, chastity. 
Clans, 9, Cows' afterbirth. 
Clanst, V, (/i,'S, cUgn9i4u 

Clant, V, To claw. North, 
Clap, t^. (1) To place to, oi 

(2) V, To strike. 

(3) 9, A blow. 

(4) V, To fondle, to pat. 

Uni while the childe sowked hir 

Umwhile ganne thay kysse and 


(5) tr. To sit down. 

(6) 9. The lip, or tongue. 

(7) adj. Low ; marshy, i 

(8) 9. The lower part of tl 
of a hawk. 

Clap-board, 1 t. Board 
clapholt, J making casi 

Clap-bread, If. Cake n 
CLAP-CAKE, j oatmeal, rol 
and baked hard. 

Clap-oibh, 9. See Claek'di 

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Clap-doos, «. The lower half of a 

door diTided in the middle. 
Clapxr, p. To chatter. Ojton. 
CLkVBBXD, pm'i. p. Splashed with 

Clap-oatb, 9. A small horse-gate. 

CLAPn,(l)tr.(^..&) ToUlkfast. 

(2) «. Talk. 
Clappbr, «. (1) The tongue. 

(2) {J.-N.) A rabbit burrow. 

(3) A chUd's plaything. "Gew. 
gawes for childreu to playe and 
make tport withall, as rattels, 
eteppen, Sic." Nomendator. 

(4) A door-knocker. Mitukeu. 

(5) A plank laid across a 
stream to serre as a bridge. 
Var.dL,9. To beat roughly. 

Clappbk-dudobon, la. A cant 

CLAFPBR-DouoRONijterm for a 

beggar, probably derived from the 

custom of clapping a dish. 
See in their rags then, dsadng fur your 

Our eU p f0r drn d^eofu, and tlieir wslkinr 

morts. JoBtal Crew, O. ?., x, 372. 

Clappino-post, a. The gatepost 
against which the gate closes. 


Clapsb, v. To clasp. 
Clap-stils, a. A stile, the hori- 
zootal ledges of which are moye- 
Claranbk, a. A clarinet. 
Clabbnt, adj. Smooth. Devon. 
Clabbt. See Clarry, 
Clabbtbb, a. (J.'N.) Brightness. 
Claucord, "I a. {A.'N.) A musi- 
CLAJiicoL, I eal instrument in 
CLABI8HOB, j form of a spinet, 
cxjkRico, J containing from 
thirty-five to seventy strings. 
Clarion, a. {A.-N.) A sort of 
small-mouthed and shrill-sound- 
ing trumpet. 
Clarrt, 1 a. {A,'N. clarr4, elar^.) 
clarr£, I Wine made with grapes, 
OLAB&T, J huuey, and aromatic 

•picea. The name was afterwards 

given to wine miied with houey 

and spices, and strained. 
Clart, (1) 9. To spread, or smear. 

Clariy, muddy, dirtj. CUtrty- 

pap9t a dirty sloven. 

(2) a. A daub. 
Clart, v. To make a load shrill 

noise ; to play on the clarion. 
Clarynb, v. To clear, or clarify. 
Clash, 9. (1) To bang anything 

about. North, 

(2) To gossip. North, CUuhme- 

taunter, a tiresome teller of 

Clasht, adj. Foul ; rainy. North. 
Claspbr, a. A tendril. Oxon. 
Clasps and kbbpbrs. Fastenings 

for the shoes of children, and for 

other purposes. 
Clat, (1) a. A clod of earth. 

(2) V, To break the clods or 
spread dung on a field. B'eMt, 

(3) V. To cut the dirty locks of 
wool off sheep. South. 

(4) a. Cow-dung. Weit. 
h) V. To Uttle. 

(6) a. A dish in ancient cookery. 

Clatch, a. A brood of chickens. 

Clatb, a. (1) A wedge belonging 
to a plough. Cheth. 
(2) A practice among school 
and other boys before the com- 
mencement of a game in which 
two parties are interested, to 
decide which party is to begin or 
have the first innings. 

Clathbrs, a. Clothes. Wett. 

Clats, 9. Slops ; spoon victuals. 

Clatter, (1) a. Noise; idle talk. 
(2) V. To let out secrets. 

Clattbrfert, a. A tale-teller. 
" Clatterer, or clatterfart, which 
wyl disclose anye light secreate, 
Loquax." Huloet. 

Clatty, m^. Dirty ; slovenly. Line. 

Clauch, v. To claw. YorkMh. 

Claucks, 9. To snatch. Line. 

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Claud, «. A ditch, or fence. North, 
Clkv Die ATK, V. (Lat.) To limp; 

to go lame. 
Claugbt, pret t. Snatched at. 

Claum , V. To scrape together. Line. 
Claunch, 9. To walk lazily. East. 
Clause, t. {A.'N.) A conclusiou. 
Claustbr, «. (Lat.) A cloister. 
Claut, (1)9. To scratch, or tear. 


(2) a. The marsh ranunculus. 

Clave, t. The part of small ba- 
lances by which they are lifted up. 

Clavbl, 1 a. A mantel-piece. 
clavy, J West, ClaveUiaekt the 
shelf over the manteUpiece. 

Claver, (\)v. To climb. North. 
(2)0. To cajole by talking. North. 

(3) 8.{J.>S. cUrfer.) Clo?er.gra«s. 

Clavers, i. Noisy talking. North. 
Clavy-tack, *. A key. Exmoor. 
Claw, (1) ». To snatch ; to uke 
away violently. North. 

(2) V. To curry favour. North. 

(3) #. A fourth part of a cow. 
gait in common pastures. North. 

Claw-back, (1) a. A flatterer. 

The overweening of thy wit» doth mnkc 

thy foes to smiie, 
Thy friends to weepe, and elatobach thee 

vith sooth infcs to bigile. 

WoTHo's Jlbiotu England, 1 593. 

CUtwbaeks more do not assail me. 
Than are beggars swarming dmly. 

Drunken Barnaky. 

And this mischievous or deadly vice, 
which in others sometime abaifth and 
waxeth cooler, in him, as age came 
upon him, grew the hoter, whiles a 
company ofxUiw-hacke flnttcrers egged 
him forward in his purposed course. 

jimmi^nui MaretUintu, 1609. 

(2)o. To flatter. 
Clawe, v. {A.'S.) To stroke. 
Claw-ill, a. An ulcer in the feet 

of cattle. Devon. 
Claw-off, 9. To reprove. North. 
Clay, v. To shiver. Devon. 

Clay-daubin, a. A. cv 
Cumberland, for the ne 
and friends of a newly 
couple to assemble, ai 
them a rough cottage. 

Clay-salve, a. The oon 
rate. East. 

Clayt, a. Clay or mire, i 

^n.Vj I'- A claw. Wan 
clby, J 

To save her froa 

Of vulture death, and those rrlen 

B. Jon., Underw., 

Cleach, V. To dutch. Si 
Cleachjno-nbt. a. A h 

used by fishermen on th< 
Cleao, v. To cluthe or cl; 
Clbak, 9. To snatch. No, 
Clbam, v. To glue togetl 

Cleambd, ae(;. Leaned ; 

Clean, (1) adv. Entirely. 

(2) adj. Clear in com pi 

(3)o. To wash, dress, anc 

one's toilet. 
Cleaning, la. The af 


Cleanser, a. A large kin< 


Clear. (1) Pure; innocen 

(2) Clear and thear.ioia: 

pletely. '* He's thick 

clear" said of a dui 


Cleat, (1) t. A piece of ii 

on shoes by country peo 

(2) V. To strengthen wi 

Clbat-boards, a. Flat \. 

wood fastened to the i 

enable a person to > 

the mod. 

Cleaver, a. A sucker, or 

soaked leather to which 

is attached, used by sch 


Cleavers, t. Tufts of gra 

Clechb, v. To snatch, or 

Clbck, v. To hatch. Nori 

Clbckin, a. A chicken. 2 





'. Said of a fox maris 

r. A shuttleeock. 

^te of oatmeal. Line. 

CUd; clothed, 
oosej^asa. Dortei. 
Stiff, clayey. Kent. 
w. North.' Sec Clea. 
especially applied to 
Ills of the foot of 
d animals. 

look ; a barb. North. 
A.-N.) Brightness. 
The hoof. North, 
r support. 


/. Cleared. 
Slack slate. North. 
fit for cooper's ware, 

of wood split for 

The gad-fiy. Still 

ti, gadus bmrbatug. 
ng, or adhere. North. 
ever person. iMne. 
To cling. Cumb. 
> snatch, or strike. 
To starve. See Clam. 
itill in use in Shrop- 

hoice. when the Ttliant 
arms, or eUm. 
'oa-jf Man out of H., iii, 6. 
itone« and turfs, say. 
eltm me and rov follow- 
a an be will einn me ; 
/*., Poeleuter, i, 2. 
M'ientmiU rmr for food. 
AntoHxo and Uellida. 

lent. South. In the 
tit it is, or was till 

Ci-EMTD, part. p. Fastened. 
Clenchb, 9. {^A.'S.) To cling 

Clbnchfoopc, «. See Clmchpope. 
Clkngy, afij. Miry ; dirty. Line. 
Clenb, adj. (A.-S.) Pure; clean. 

Clenenetse, purity. 
Clengb, 9. (1) To contract or 


(2) To strain at. 
Clk.nt, v. To become hard, applied 

to grain. Wett. 
Clepe, v. (1) (A.'S. elypian.) 

To call. 
Tlicy elrf€ as dronkarda, and with iwinish 

Tax our addition. Skatesp., Haml., i, 4. 

(2) {A.'S.) To clip, or embrace. 

Clkpb, «. An implement for pulling 
weeds out of corn. Cumb. 

Cler, ^adj. {A..N.) Polished; 
CLBRB, J resplendent. Clerenetae, 
glory. Ciertty brightnes-*. 

Clkrb, t. A sort of kerchief. 
On their headei square bonettet of 
daniaske eolde, rolled wyth lose c:nld 
that did fiHiige doiinr at tlieir hacKrs, 
With kerchieles or clrrrtnA lyiicrvpres. 
Bull, Henry rjl/,t.h&. 

Clbrbt£. {A.'N.) Purity. 
Cleroib, a. (A.'N.) Science; 

learning. CUrgically, learnedly. 
Clbroion, a. {A.'N.) A young 

Clergy, a. An assembly of clerks. 
Clerk, a. (A.-N.) A scholar. 
Clbrlichr adv. (A.-N.) Purely. 
Clkrmatyn, a. {A.-N.) A kind of 

fine bread. 
Clerypy, v. To make clear. 
Clbstb, v. To cleave in two North. 

The word occurs in Huloet. 
Clbtch, a. A brood of chickens. 


r* A _i t ^J r.-A^_^J 

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Clethe, V. To clothe. North. 

Clbtt, «. Gleet. MS. Med. Ibth 

Clevk, t. (1) {A.'S.) A dwelling. 

. (2) A cliff. 

Clbvel» «. A grain of corn. Kent. 

Clevbn, (1)«.(^.-.S.) Rocks; cliffs. 
(2) r. (A.-S.) To split; to burst. 

Cleve-pink, *. A species of car- 
nation found on the Chedder 

Clever, (I) v. To scramble up. 

(2) adj. Good-looking. Ea$t. 
Kennett says, "nimble, neat, 
dextrous." Lusty; very well. 

(3) adj. Affable. South. 

(4^ adv. Clearly ; fully. Kent. 
(5) 8. A tuft of coarse grass 
turned up by the plough, ^t. 

Clever-boots, 1 «. a satirical 
CLEVER.CLUMST, J term for a per- 
son who is awkward. 

Clever-through,/^^. Straight 
through. Leic, 

Clbvbs, «.• Cloves. 

Clbwy, «. A sort of draft iron 
for a plough. North. 

Clew, (1) §. (A.-S.) A rock. 
" Bothe the clewez and the cly- 
fez." Morte Arthure. 

(2) «. A ring at the head of a 
scythe which fastens it to the 

(3) pret. t. Clawed ; scratched. 
Clbwb, v. To cleave, or ad- 

here to. 
Clbwkin, 8. Strong twine. North. 
ChEWfTUEtpart. p. Coiled. 
Clet, 8. A hurdle for sheep. 
Cleyman, *. A dauber. Pr. Part. 
Clbymen,!;. (A.'N.) To claim. 
CuEYVT, part. p. Clung. 
Cleystaffb, 8. A pastoral staff. 

Pr. Part. 
Clibby, adj. Adhesive. Devon, 
Click, (1) r. To snatch. 

(2) 8. A blow. Ea8t. 

(3)0. To tick as a dock. 

(4) « To click or flurt with on 
fingers as moresco dancen 
Florio. <*To clicke with on 
knuckles." lb. 

(5) 8. {Fr.) A door-latch. 

(6) 8. A nail or peg for hangi 
articles upon. North. 

{J) V. To catch ; to seize. 
Clicker, «. A servant who sto 

before the shop-door to inv 

people to buy. 
Clicket, (1) V. To fasten as wi 

a link over a staple. Shropah. 

(2) 8. {A.-N) A latch-key. 

(3) 8, A clap-dish, or anythi 
that makes a rattling noi 

(4)v. To chatter. Tutaer. 

(5) 8. The tongue. 

(6) 8. A term applied to a i 
when maris appetens. Ancient 
a common term for a fox, as 
the following lines, describi 
the properties of a good horse 

Heded of an ox, 
Tayled n» fox, 
Comly M • kynff. 
Nf kkvd ai a dukmg, 
MouUiyd ai a kliltetf 
'M'ilted ai a wodkok, 
WylJed as a wedercoke. 


Click-handed, oiff. Left-hand 

Click-hookb, 8. Large hooks 

catching salmon by day-lig 

Click-up, 8. A person with 

short leg, who in walking ma) 

a clicking noise. Line. 
Clider, 8. Goose-grass. 
Clite, adj. {A.-N.) Clear; fine 
Clift, «. (1) A ddt, or opening 

any kind. 

(2) The/ourchtre. 

(3) A cliff. 

Clifty, adj. Lively; active. JSTor 
ChiQUTEfpret. t. Closed; fasten 
Cliohty, adj. Stiff ; clayey. Kt 
Cltm, (1) V. To climb. 
(2) Clement. 

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(3) ». {J..N.) To call, or chtl- 

Climbbr, v. To clamlier. 
Clim K, §. The ascent of a hill. 
Climp, 9. (1) To steal. Eoit, 

(2) To toil with the (Ingen. £att. 
CuxcH, 8. (1) A repartee, or bon- 

mot. Ciineker, one who aaya 

bons-mots, a wittr fellow. 

(2) A claw, or faiig. N(trth, 
Clinch INO-NIT. See Cleaehmp' 

Clinchpopb, 1 «. a term of con- 
CLmcH POOPS, J tempt. 

If a fentlanan bare in hym tmj hambla 
behavonr. then royatcrs do cal suche 
one by the name of a loate, a el^eke- 
fop«,or one that knowetli no facioua. 

JusiUucwn 9fm OeniUtum, 1568. 
LesK vel-forro'd, or more il^fac'd, and 
like dtneksoopt looke and lim. 

Wamer'M Jlkion$ Sngltmd, 1598. 

CLiKcauANT, a. {Fr. cHnguant, 
tinsel.) Brass thinly wrought out 
into leaves. North, 
Clinb, v. To climb. Warw, 
Clino. V, {A.'S.) (l)To shrink up. 

If then speak false. 
Upon the next tree thou alialt bang alire 
"nil famine eUma thee. 

Sk^keip^ JfMd., T, S. 

(2) To embrace. 

Seme fathers dread not (gone to bed in 

Totlidfl fyoro the mother, and eUn^ the 


Bgcengtf* Trag., 0. P.. iv, 8SS. 

(3) To rush Tiolently. North. 
Clink, (1) «. A hard blow. 

(2) adv. Upright. Berkt. 
Clink-clank, #. Jingle. 

Tit prodirioos to think what veneration 
the nrictliMod have raiaed to themaeives 
by Uieir naiurpt commiaaton of apoetle- 
aoip, their pretended aacceaaiuna, and 
their tUnk-aamk of extraordinary ordi- 

Pam*t Jddreu to FrotatmU, 1879. 

Clinks, v. (A.-N.) To tinkle; to 

CuNKKK, a. (1) Abadsortof coflL 

(2) A cinder from an iron fur<i 
nace. Shrop$h* 

(3) A puddle made by the foot of 
a horse or oow. fTorv. 

Clinkkr-bkll.s. An icicle. SDm^a. 

Clinkers, a. Small bricks ; bricks 
spoilt in the burning. 

Clinkkt, a. A crafty fellow. North. 

Clinkb, a. Long nails. 

Clinuuant. adj. (Fr.) Shining. 

Clint, v. To clench ; to finish, or 
complete. Somenet, 

Clints, a. Chasms ; crevices. 

Clip, (1) r. {A.-S.) To embrace. 
But aa a dame, to the endahee may at a 
time more opportune at better eaae, and 
in a place more commodioua, be catilicd, 
dipped, aud embraced, which femihine 
art, I not yet knowing in flrat my be- 
ginning, ao nnirahiy 1 did remains 
wailed with love. 

fauenger qfBawtnuto, 1619. 

(2) V. To call to. North. This 
is merely a form of clepty q. ▼. 

3) 9. To shear sheep. North. 

4) V. To shaTe. Rider. 

5) V. To shorten. Craven, 

(6) V. To hold together by means 
of a screw or bandage. Shropth. 

(7) a. A blow, or stroke. Eaat. 

(8) «. To quarter a carriage so aa 
to avoid the rats. Northampt. 

Clipfkk, a. (1) A clipper of coin ? 

I bad a siater but twelve yeara ago, Uiat 
run away with a Welsh enai^n, who 
waa banged for a highwayinau, and ahe 
burnt in Walea for a clipper. 

Motmtford, Greemnck Park, 1691. 

(2) A sheep-shearer. North. 

CLippiKO-TBK-GHuncH, 9. An old 
Warwickshire custom on Easter 
Monday, the charity children 
joining hand in hand to form a 
circle completely round the 

Clips, (l) part. p. Eclipsed. 
(2) a. An eclipse. 
h) 9. Shears. Northumb. 

(4) a. Pot-hooks. North. 
Clipt-dinmbnt, a. (1) A shorn 

wether sheep. 

(2) A mean-lookmg fellow. Cumh. 

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318 CLO 

CLI9HAWK, V. To steal. Line, 
Clish-clash, 9. Idle discourse. 

Clit, adj. (1) Stiff; clayey. South. 

(2) Heavy ; hazy ; applied to the 

For then with u the dayt more darkish 

More ihort, cold, moytte,and itonny cloudy 

For Badness more than miKhs or pleasures 

fit. Mirr.for Mag. Higtna's Ind. 

(3) Im perfectly fomented. Somert. 
Clite, (1) t. Clay; mire. Kent. 

(2) 9, Goose-grass. 

(3) *. A wedge. Pr. Pan. 

(4) ©. To take, or pull up. North. 

Clitbr, ©. To stumble. North. 

Clithb, *. The burdock. Gerard. 

Clithkrkn, 9. Goose-grass. Ge- 

Clitpoll, 9. A curly head. Dor9et. 
Glitter, v. To make a rattling 

Glittery, adj. Ghangeable and 

stormy, applied to the weather. 

Glitty, ac(f. Stringy ; lumpy. Weet. 
Glive, (1) *. {J.-S.) A cliflf. 

(2) V. To cleave. Sufolk. 
Gliver,(1)«. Goose-grass. //amj9«A. 

(2) 8. A chopping-knife. Eaat. 

(3) C/te^-an^.«Aft7er, completely, 
totally. Samertet. 

Glivrrs, 9. The refuse of wheat. 

Glizb, 9. A covered drain. Somer9. 

CiOAU, 9. Gommon earthenware. 
Comvf. Cloamer, one who makes 

Glob, 9. Rough material used for 
building cottages. Devon. 

Globe, 9. A club. 

Gloche, v. {A.'N.) To blister. 

Glocheb, 9, (1) A large cape or 
(2) (A.-N.) A belfry. 

Cloce, (1) 9. {A.'N.)' k belL 
(2) 9. A sort of watch, some- 
times called a dock-watch. 

Bnt he who can deny it to be apr 
which is recorded by Melchior Ad 
of a fH'cat and goucl man, who 
dock watch that had laven in a 
manv years unused ; and when 1 
dying, ai eleven o'clock, of itself, i 
chest, it struck eleven in the heat 
many. Baxter, World of & 

(3) 9. A beetle. North. 

(4) «. A sort of ornamental 
worn on various parts of < 
now applied to that on each 
of a stocking. 

(5) «. The noise made by i 
when going to sit. 

(6) 9. The dow ny head oi 
dandelion. North. 

Glock-ice, 9. Ice cracked intt 

tastical forms. Northampt. 
Glock-drbssino, 9. A meth 

obtaining liquor on false 

tences. Craven. 
Glocks,«. Ordure of frogs. L 
Glock-sbavbs, 9. The I 

headed bog-rush. North. 
Glod, (1) ». To break clods. 

(2) adj. {A.-S.) Glodded;l 

(3) 9. The coarse part o; 
neck of an ox. 

(4) 9. A sort of coal. Weft 

(5) V. To throw. North. 
Gloddbr, v. To coagulate. 

If the aahes on the hearth do < 
together of themselves, it is a i 
rain. WilUford, Natmtrv's i 

Cloddy, adj. (1) Thick; p] 
(2) Hazy, thick. 

This said, he swiftly swag'd the ni 

Di8p4'll'd the ehdd^ clouds, elear* 

bright beams. firffU ijf Flcura 

Glodb, v. {A.-S.) To cloaih« 
Glodge, 9. A lump of clay. J 
Glooobr, 1 #. The cover 
closers, j book. 
Glodgy, adj. Plump. Hantpt 
Glod-head, 9. A stupid f 

Glodhopper, 9. (1) A farme 


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(2) A downisli fellow. 

(3) Tbe nbeatear. 
Clod^mall, 9. A wooden baminer 

for breaking clodi. Skroi^k. 
Cloffbt,«. a great sloven. North. 
Cloffino, §. The plant hellebore. 
Cloit, a, The joinUune of two 

branches. North. 
Cloftd, jfort. p. Cleft ; split 
Clog, ^l)a. A shoe with a wooden 
I sole. 

(2) 9. A piece of wood fastened 
to a string. 

(3) 9. An almanae nade with 
notches and rude figures on square 

(4)9. To prepare wheat for sow- 
ing. We9t. 

Cloogt, mdj. Sticky. 

Clogsomb, mdj. Dirty ; doll. 

Clogub, v. To flatter. Su999X. 

Clog-wbxat, 9. Bearded wheat 


CLoiNTBm, V. To tread heaTily. 

Cu»sTxa-OAmTH, a. The space in- 

closed by a doister. 
Cloit, 9. A stupid fellow. North. 
Clokakok, 9. A sort of musical 

! Clokb, 9. A daw, or dutch. 

Clokkb, v. {A^N) To limp in 

Clom, o. To dutch. North. 
Clombb, pret, t. Climbed. 
Clomb, v. To gutter, as a eaiidle. 

Clomb. See Oomn. 
Cix>iiB-PAN, 9. A pan for aulk. 

Clomp, o. To walk heavily. Ckm" 

pertom, one who walks heavily. 

Clomsbn, v. CJ,-N.) To ahrink or 

CuovQtat^pari.p. Sknuik; ahrl- 

Clow KXB, a. An idde. Smmtw^. 
Cloom, (1) a. Clay or cement 

(2) 9. To 

Clooe, 9. A sluice. Northumh* 

Clofb, a. A blow. 

Cloppino, «4f'. (/v.) Lame ; limp- 
ing. Corma. 

Clo8b, (1) a. A farm-yard; ao en- 

(2) a. A public walk. /. Blffht. 

(3) a. An obscure lane. North. 
(4)«4f*. Secret ; selfish. 

(5) r. To encloaa minerals in 

(6) adj. Quiet; silent Leie. 
Clo8b*bbo,«. a press-bed. North. 
Cju>aB-Fi«HT8,a. Things employed 

to shelter the men from an enemy 

in action. 
Closb-fistbd, M^f' Mean. 
CLosa-oAUNTLBT, 9, A gauntlct 

with moveable fingers. 
Cloab-hand-out, a. The name of 

an old game. 
Closeih, a. {A.»N.) An endoaure. 
Closbn, a. A small enclosure or 

field. Northampt. 
Closh, a. (1) The game of nine- 

(2) A Dutchman. South. 
Closinob, a. Closes; fields. In 

some counties we have the more 

pore form clot^n. 
Closu&b, a. (1) {Fr.) An endoaure. 

(2) A dfcncher. Wight. 

(3) A gutter. North. 
Clot. (1) Same as Clod (6). 

(2) a. A clod. **Clodde or etotte 
lande. Oeeo." Hutoot. 

(3) V. To dod. 

For •■ the phraahmaa flnt setteth forth 
Ua ]^arb, and then tilleth hia Innd. 
and breiiketh it in funwrea, and aonie- 
timer idgeth it np acaine, and at ano- 
ther time harrowetb it, and dottetA it, 
and aomtime dnngeth and hedgeih it, 
dignth it, and weedtth it, pnriteth it, 
anoroakethit cleane: so the prelate, the 
preacher, hath many diverae offices to 

(4) ..To dog, 

(5) tr. - 

To tosa about NortK 
(6) o. To catch eels with worsted 
thread. We9t. 

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(7) t. A disease in the feet of 
Clotch, ©. To tread heavily. East. 

^cTot ' }'• ^® ^^^^"^ water-lily. 

Take the rote of the klote, and lUnipe 
it, and turne it on whyle wyne or ale» 
and drynk at teve hoot and at morow 
kolde. MS. Med. Bee., zv Cent. 

Then lay a cht-leaf, or elae a wort-leaf, 
on the >Hme, but first let the water out 
of the blister with a pin. and it will 
draw out all the water that causeth the 
pain or srief . 

LupUmU 1000 NotahU Thinge. 

Clotb, *. A wedge. Pr. P. 

Clottkkd, pari.p. {A.-S.) Clotted. 

Clot-head, «. A blockhead. 

Cloth- 0P-B8T ATE, «. A canopy 
OTer the seat of principal per- 

Clottbb, 9, A clothier. 

Clouch, (1) «. To snatch or clutch. 
(2) t. A clutch. Piers PL 

Cloud-berry, «. The ground muU 

Cloue, *. (A.'N.) A fruit or berry. 

Clouoh, 8. (1) A valley between 
two hills ; a ravine. 

Each pUice for to search, in hill, dale, and 

In thicke or in thin, in smooth or in rough. 
Boiifuom.*e Bet. qf W\eked$i, 

(2) A clfff. Mwte Arth. 

(3) The stem of a tree, where it 
divides into branches. Cumb. 

S4) A wood. Lane. 
5) A vessel of coarse earthen- 
ware for salting meat. 

Clouohy, a^. Gaudily dressed. 

Clour, «. (1) A lump, or swelling. 

(2) (^.-iSr.) Hollow ground; a 

Clout, *. {Pr. elouette.) The mark 
or pin fixed in the centre of the 
butta, at which archers shot for 

Indeed he must shoot nearer, or h 
hit the clout. 

Shaieip., Lae^t L 

Wherein our 

Is, thouf^h the cUmt we do not a 

It will not be imputed to his wit 

B. Jon., StofU oj 

(2) V. To beat. 

I wasted them and so douted \ 
they eould not arise. 

Tindare and Tm9. BibUs, S 

(3) «. A blow. 

(4) 9. {A.'S.) A piece 

(5) 9. A cloth ; a piece i 
**A slice wherwith to 
salve on clout9 and ma 
ters." Nomenelator. 

(6) V. To clothe shabbil] 
1 seeing him clouted, his doathi 
done on, very ill liking, as n 
tattered fole, with never a who 
his back. Terence in Bng 

(7) To mend, or patch ; 
especially to shoes. 

Of the scoler that gave hia 
cloute.—lvL the uuiversyte of 
there was a scoler that delyl 
to speke eloquente englysshe ai 
iermes, and came to the ooble 
■hoes whyche were pyked I 
they used [at] that tywe) to I 
clouted, and sajde this wyse. 
Talee mU Quicie 

(8) $. (Fr.) A nail. 
Clouted, (from eloutt 

Fortified with nails. 
Cloutbr, (1) «. A cobb 


(2) V. To do dirty work, 
Clouter-hbadbd, a<|f. St 
Clouterlt, acjr. Clumsy. 
Clove, «. Eight pounds oi 
Clotel, 8. A large beam 

across the chimney ii 

houses. Devon. 
Clover-lay, 9. A field c 

recently mown. HampsA 
Cloyb-tonoub,*. Thebbu 

Clow, (I) v. To scratch. < 

(2) o. To work hard. AT 

(3) V. To nail with clout 

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(0».(^.-5.) A rock. 

(3) c The Eatt. 

(6) «. A floodgate. North. 
Clowchtnb, #. A clew of thread. 

Pr. Pmr9. 
Clowcla6«bv. " Thor jowet are 

eloweiaffsf'd, they skitter iaire." 

y*rhh. Dial, p. 43. 
CLowDam, •. To daub. Lhc, 
Clowxn, 9. To bnstle about. Citmb. 
^lawviCAh, adj. Clownish. 
H; behavionr I aka, alas, tia cfcmiiieaL 

Clowk. v. To scratch. JVbrM. 
Clowsomv, lu^r. Soft; dammjr. 

Clowt-clowt, f . The name of an 
old game. "A kinde of playe 
called eiowt clowt, to beare about, 
or my hen bath layd." Nwmenel 

Clot, r. {A..N,) (1) To prick in 
iboeing a hone. 

(2) To oail or spike op, at artil- 

Cut, 9. To daw. Skaknp. 

CiOTEi, la. An old slang term 

ciOTKan,/f6r one who intruded 
OB the profits of young sharpers, 
bydiiminga share. 

Then there's a cUytr, or map, that dofiv 
U17 nor brother in that trade, and 
nupi,— viJl have half in any booty. 

BMiriMff Girl, O.Tl,vUil$. 

Clokzonb, a. Talons; dutches. 

Cldb-ball, a. A game at ball, 

pUved with a straight club. 
Clcb-wkbd, a. The plant mat- 

Clubbby, a. A sort of game. 
Clubbishlt, <uf9. Ronghly. 
Clubid, adj. Hard; difficult. 
Cldb-ubn, a. People who rose in 

arms in the West of England 


CLiI^i}'- A •*<>»*• -^«^*- 
Clucchb,». (^..&) To dutch. 
Cluck, (I) «4/. Slightly unwell; 
oat of spirits. SinUh. 


(2) a. Aclaw;acIuteh.Abrfft. 
Cluo-nttt, a. Two nuta grown 

into one. North. 
Clvft, v. To cuff. North. 
Clum, (1) Ajr. Daubed. YorHh. 

(2) pret, t. Climbed. North. 

(S) o. To handle roughly. Wett. 

(4)9. To rake into heaps. Dnwn. 
CLUMn-BOEZA, a. An earthen pan. 

Clummkrbomb, <u{r. Dirty; slut- 
tish. Devon. 
Clump, (1) «. To trai^p. 

(2) a. A lump. North. 

(3) adj. Lazy. Lme, 
Clomper, a. A Urge piece. So- 

Clumpbbs, a. Thick, heavy shoes. 

Clumpkrtom,! a. A stupid fel- 
CLUMPt, J low. 
Cluiipibb, a. Awkward. North. 
Clumpb, (1) a. Twilight. £a$t. 

(2) Lazy. North. 

iZ) Plain-dealing; honest.^or/A. 

(4) tuy. Benumbed with cold. 

Clvmpbt, adj. Benumbed with 

cold. Northan^t. 
Clumpy, (1) a. A dunce. South. 

(2) adj. Sticking together. 

Cluncr, (1) adj. Close. North. 

(2) a. A thump. Eatt. 

ii) a. A clodhopper. 

(4) a. Close-grained hard lime- 
Clunchtistbd, -oifr* Close-fisted; 


Now a pox take these dtiseml and 
then a roan may eet lome money by 
'um ; they are ao 1bide>bmmd, there^a no 
living by 'nm; ao clunekfitUd, a roan 
would fwear the gont were got oat of 
their feet into their hands, 'Ua death to 
'am to pluck 'nm oat of their pocketa. 
Tht ChemU, 1668. 

Cluhchy, a4J> (1) Thick and 

clumsy. EoMt. 

(2) Quick tempered. Northampt, 
Clunkr, a. A Cluniack monk. 

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A gentle ehtner tvo cheeet liadde of me. 
Barelay't tyfte Bglog. 

Cluno.o^^'. (1) Shrivelled; shrank. 
{2) Empty; emaciated. Craven. 

(3) Soft; flabby. Norf. 

(4) Heavy; doughy. 

(5) Tough; dry. Eatt. 

(6) Daubed. Craven, 

(7) Strong. Berk», 

Clunok, 9. To crowd, or squeeze. 

Somth. Cftm^eif, stopped. Craven. 
Clungt, adj. Adhesive. North. 
Clunk, v To swallow. Devon. 
Cluntkr, (1) «. A clod of earth. 


(2) V. To walk clumsily. North. 

(3) V. To turn lumpy." Yorkih. 
Cluntbrly, adj. Clumsy. Craven. 
Cluppb, v. (A.-S.) To embrace. 
Cluse. (1) «. (Fr.eelute.) A flood- 

gate. North. 
(2){Lat.) AcelL 

Clttsb, v. To lie down close to 
the ground ; to stoop low down. 

CLuasoifKD, part, p. Benumbed. 

Clus&um, adj. Clumsy. Cheih. 

Clustkrb, v. (A.'N.) To harden. 

Clustbrfist, 9. A clodhopper. 
Well, Bwaj I went with it hetrr heart, 
and brou}(ltt hie guest into tne very 
chamber, where I mw no other cakes on 
the table, bnt my owne cakes, and of 
which he nerer proffered me to murh 
as the least cram, eo baae a ehateff*t 
was he. History qfFrandoH, 1(>5S. 

C1.V8TT, a4f» Close and heavy; 
applied to bread not well fer- 
mented, or to a potato that is 
not mealy. Comw. 

Clut, v. To strike a blow. North. 

Clutch. (1) v. To seise; to grasp. 
(2) f. A miaer, or grasping 

(3)«. A list. Outeh-JUtfiLYeTj 
large fist. 
{i)v. To cluck. South. 

(5) 9. A covey of partridgea, or 
a brood of chickens. Ea9t» 

(6) atfj. Close, ^unex. 

Clutb, #. A hoof. North. 
Cluthbr, (1) adv. In h 


(2) 9. A great noise. Kent 
Clutsbn, v. To shake. A'orj 
Clutter, (1) 9. A bustle; 


(2) 9. A clot. ** Grumes 
9anfft • clot, or ehUter of 
gealed bloud." Cotyrave. 
tered, clotted. 

(3) 9. A plough-coulter. S 
CLUTTBR.Fi8TBD,a4^'. Having 

Cluttbrt, adj. (1) Changea 

(2) Very rainy. Berk9. 
Cluutts, 9. Feet. Cwnh. 
Cluves, 9. Hoofs of hofM 

cows. Cumb. 
Cly, «. (1) Goose-grass. Som 

(2) Money. 
Clyke, v. To noise abroai 

Clytbnish, adj. Sickly. IFi 
Cnaffb, 9. {A.'S.) A Ud. 
Cnao, 9. A knot. North. 
Cnoble, 9. A knob ; tuft. 
Cnopwort, 9. The ball-wee 
Cnoutberry, 9. The dwmrl 

berry. Lane. 
Co, {\) 9. (A.-N.) The neck. 

(2) V. To call. North. 
CoACH-FBLLow,'! «. A horB 


in the same carriage witli 
ther ; and hence, metaphor 
an intimate acquaintance. 
I have grated npon my good frif 
three reprieres, for you atii 
coach-feUcfw Nym. Manjf IF. 


Co AD, adj. Unhealthy* s. e. 

Coadjuvatb» I. {Lai.) Ml 


CoAOBR, 9. A meal of co' 
tuals taken by agricnlti] 
bourers at noon. Sun^r^ 

CoAGVLAT, «4^'. {Lat.) Ciu 

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CoA V, «. Hetrt or pith, L t^ core. 

CoAJBa,«. A iboemiker* AnNoor* 
CoAKKN, 9. To ttrain in Tomitiog. 
CoAKa,#. Ciodert. Yorkth. 
Coal. To carry eoaii, to sabmh 

to aflj degndAtion. 
CoAL-BftAND, «. Smut ill wheal 
CoAL-FiBB, «. A pared of fire- 
wood, conUining when burnt the 

quantity of a load of coala. 
CoAL-HAGGLBBs, «. People who 

fetch ooals from the pit or wharf, 

and retail them to the poor. Leic. 
CoAL-HooD, f. (1) A buUftocfa. 


(2) A wooden coal-scnttle. £»/. 
CoAL-powDBB, «. Charcoal. This 

term ocean in an inYentory of 

artillery stores^ 1547. 
CoAL-BAKB, #. A rake for raking 

the aahes of a fire. 
CoAL.sAT,f. The coal-fish. JVbr/A. 
€oAL-8MUT, #. An efllorescence 

foond on tbe siufice of coaL 
CoALT,#. (1) A lamplighter. Newfc. 

(2) A species of cur dog. Norik. 


aproar. North, 
CoAMB, V. To crack. Oooffe. 
CoANOBB, #. A comer. Exmoor, 
CoAP, «. A fight. NifrtJL 
CoABSB, «. Rough, applied to 

CoABTB, «. {Lai. eoaretart.) To 

CoASH, V, To silence. North, 
Coast, v. {A,'N,) (\) To approach. 

Who are these that CM«< us f 
lOQ t<dd me the walk was private. 

(2) To portoe. 

Wimau Donidee still couted the Iskf 
liahmen, doing tfaem what damage he 
Blight l£iltMl.,ui,p.S53. 

Coast, «. {A,-N.) The ribs of 
cooked meat. 

CoASTiNO, f. An amorous ap- 
proach ;• oonrtship. 

(1) 9. To faint Lme, 
The rot in sheep. Som, 
(1) adj. Irritable. Nmf. 
To throw. Han^h. 
». A blow. 

To strike mr pnll the hair 

To throw. Der^ik, 
A lump, or piece. Florio, 
A wealthy pierson; a rich 

O these raeointrrert, so glib ef toofne. 
That give a coattimg welcome ere it comes. 
IVv.MiCrMf., IT, (. 

CoAT,f. A petticoat Cmmi, 
CoAT-CABDs, 9. Court-cards. 

I am a eoat-eard indeed.—Tben thoa 
mart needs be a knave, f«r than ait 
neither kins nor qnren. 

MUmUji, When jroM jw sm, /r. 
Here's a trick of diMvded cards of vs : 
we were raoked with eoaU as looi as 
my old master lived. 




Cob. (1) 
of any 


And of them all aMimg eonatry chnffee, 

which make their bellies and their 

bagges theyr gods, are called rich oMeM. 


(6) a. A leader, or chief. Chnh. 
(7)«. To outdo, or excel. 

(8) 9, A stone; a kernel. £»/. 

(9) 9, The broken-oif ears of 
com, especially wheat, are in 
some parts called eobt, 

(10) «. A young herring. 

He can come hither with four white 
herrings at his tail~bnt I may starve 
ere he give me so much as a coi. 

Horn, m., part 8, 0. PL. iii, 44a 

(11) a. The miller's-thiimb. 

(12) a. A Spanish coin, formerly 
current in Ireland, worth about 

n3) a. Clover-seed. Ea9t. 

(14) «. A small haystack. Osoil 

(15) 9, A sea-gulL Var. dial. 
ri6) 9, A basket for seed. North, 

(17) 9, Marl mixed with stimw, 
used for walls. Weat. 

(18) 9, A punishment used 
among seamen for petty offenoea, 





or irregularities, by bastinadoing 

the offender on the posteriors 

with a cobbing stick or pipe staff. 

(19) 8. A sort of loaf made in 

Cobber, 8. A falsehood. North. 
CoBBiN, «. A slice of any fish. 
Cobble, (1) #. A round stone. 

(2) 8. An icicle. Keni. 

h) ». To hobble. Var, dial 

(4) Cobble-trees, double swingle 
trees, or splinter bars. North, 

(5) «. The large cock of hay made 
previous to carrying. Northampt, 

(6) a. The stone of fruit. Norf, 
CoBBS, $. The testicles. North. 
Cobby, adj. Brisk ; lively ; tyran- 
nical. North. 

Cob- CASTLE, t, A prison; any 
building which overtops its neigh- 
bours. North. 

wOB-coALS, 9. Large pit-coali. 

CoB-iRONS, «. (1) Andirons. 
(2) The irons which support the 
spit. JSast. 

CoB-joE, t, A nut at the end of a 
string. Derbysh, 

CoBKEY, 8, A punishment at lea 
by bastinado, perhaps the same 
as cob. 

CoBLB, 8. A kind of flat-bottomed 
boat, navigated with a lug-saiL 

Cobler's-lobstbr, 8, A cow-heel. 

Coblkr's punch, 8. Ale warmed 
and sweetened, and mixed with 
spirits. Northampt, 

CoBLOAF, 8, A crusty uneven loaf 
with a round top to it. ** A cob- 
loafe or bunne." Minaheu. 
Here, in the halU, were the mnniiniiigt, 
cob-loaf stealing, and great nnrober of 
old Chriitraai playes performed. In 
ffreat hontei were lords of roiimle 
anting the twelve dayes after CluristmaB. 

Cobnobblb, «. To beat 

Cob-nut, a. A master nut. It is 
the name of an old game among 
the childraa, played with nuts. 

Cob-pocv, 9, A bag in ^ 

gleaners carry the cob8 of w 
CoB.STONEs,a. Large stones. ^ 
Cob-swan, 8. A large swau. 
Cob- WALL, 8. A wall of strai 

Cobweb, (1) acf;. Misty. No 

(2) 8. The spotted flyca 

CoccABEL, 8. An icicle. Cot 
Cochen, 8, (A.'S.) The kite 
Cock, (1) a. A corruption ( 

substitute for, God, used var 

in oaths. 

Cockes armes (onod the baylj 
pourae ia pyckeo, and my not 
gone 1 'TaUi and Quieke Ah 

By eoeke they are to blame. 
Skaketp., Haml 

By eoek and pye, was all 
an unusual oath. 

Now by eoek and fie m. never i 
truer word in jfour life. Wilp Bt 

(2) a. Acock-boat. 

(3) 9. To contend ? 

(4) V, To hold up; to 

(5) V, To walk nimbly i 
spoken of a child. North. 

(6) a. The needle of a bal 

(7) 9, A notched piece € 
at the end of the plough- 
for regulating the plough. 

(8) In cockfighting, a ec 
twenty is one that has 
such a number of his antag 
in the pit. Gif, 

(9) 9, A striped snai 

ilO) a. A conical heap of 1 
11) 9. To swagger impud 
Cock ADORE, v. To lord h 

another. Leie, 
Cock A L, a. " A game that 
used with foure buckle 
commonly called coekaU: 
also diceplay." Nomenetat 
CocK-ALB, 9. A particular i 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



( Mr. Poet, nottrith- 
oommcnJations you 
r barley, yet if com- 
, they are no more 

a mountain ; irhe- 
, China ale. rasbury 
ry-eraM ale, borse- 
>eth ale, Hull ale, 
ovn ale, double ale, 
eh beer, nor mum, 
Catharines, put them 
t to be compared. 

Poor EUin, 1696. 

i piece of timber 

1 reeple in a coal 
the roof. 

'.,$. AjaiL Weit, 
. courtezan, 
nnall boat. 
dj. Pool -hardy; 
t thou aske, eock' 
Terence m Enfi' 

9, The rtiiui 
k May bug. 
Poor pottage. 

la. Agamefor- 
, J merly played 

indulge, or spoil. 
or boast. North. 
lish or fight, said 


1 cockers 

luit heare bide the 
Spider ^ FUe, 1556. 


fraudulently; to 

ling. Souih. 


\g. Lane. An old 

I that county was, 

, a maid pulling 

oong cock, 
A small cock's 

egg, which if hatched is said to 
produce a cockatrice. Devon, 
CocKBRB, a. (1) Rustic high shoes, 
fastened with laces or buttons. 

His patched eockert Bkant rrnrhed to his 
knee. BarcUty't Eciogut, 1570. 

His eocken were of cordiwin, 
His hood of mini\eer. 

Drayt , Bel, iv. 

(2) Rims of iron ronnd wooden 
shoes. Cumb. 

(3) Gaiters. Northampi, 
CocKET, (1) ». To join or fasten 

timber or stone in building. 
{2) adj. Swaggering; pert; brisk. 

(3) Cocket bread was the second 
kind of best bread. 

(4) a. A docquet. 

Cocksy, a. A sewer. Norf. 

CocK-KYK, 9. A squinting eye. 

CocK-FARTHiNG, 9. A term of en- 
dearment used to a little boy. 

CocK.^EATHER, 9. The feathcf 
which stood upon the arrow when 
it was rightly placed upon the 
string, perpendicularly above the 

CocK-GRAss, a. Darnel. 

COCK-HANNKLL, 9. A hoilSe-COCk. 

" Cock-hanneU, or house cocke. 

GaUu9:' Huloet. 
CocKHEAD, 9. The part of a mill 

which is fixed into a stave of the 

ladder on which the hopper rests. 
CocKREADs, a. Meadow knobweed. 

CocK-HEDOK, la. A hedge with- 
cocK-FENCE, / out Stake, the ends 

of the bushes being stuck into 

the bank. 
CocK-HOop, a. A bullfinch. 
CocK-HORSS, (1) 9. To ride a cock- 
horse, a term applied to children. 

(2) adj. Proud ; upstart. 
CocKiNO,;7ar/. a.(l) Cock-fighting. 

(2) Wantoning. 

I marvell then Sardiniua it so old, 
When he is cocking it ill with evenr tmll. 
Dovies, Scourge of Folly, 1611. 

CocK.x&oN, a. A part of a plough 

d by Google 




immedittely before the breast, 
to support the share, and prevent 
roots from getting in between 
the breast and the share. 

CocKiSH, cufr* Wanton. North. 

CocKLB, (1) t. The agro9temma 
giihago of Linnieos* 

(2) V, To cry like a cock. Cumi, 

(3) «. A stove used for drying 
hops. Kent. 

(4) V, To wrinkle. For. dUU. 

(5) To "cry cockles," to be 

(6) a, 

Kow, althovch be tayi in hit prefue, 
that he wonia not much boast of con- 
Tincingthe world, how much I was mis- 
taken, in what I undertook ; yet, I am 
confident of it, that this contrivanee of 
his did inwardly as much rejoyce the 
eoekUs of his htmrt, as he phansies that 
what I writ did sometimes much tickle 
ny spleen. EaekarJ^t Observat., 1671. 


Cockled, part. p. Enclosed in a 
shelL Shake^. 

CocKLKR, 9. A seller of cockles. 

CocKLB-SHKLL, «. The badge of a 
pilgrim, worn in the front of the 
hat, and implying that the bearer 
had been at sea. 

CocKLB-8TAiR8,tf. Winding stairs. 

CocKLKTT, ad{j. Unsteady. North. 

CocKLiNO, adj. Cheerful* North. 

CocKLOACH. (Fr.) A silly coxcomb. 
"A couple of coekloches." Shtr* 
Uy'9 WUty Fair One, li, 2. 

CoeKLOPT, 8. A garret. 

CocKMARALL, $. A little fussy per- 
son. Line. 

Coc KM ATE, a. A companion. 

^ey must be courteous in their beha. 
▼iour, lowlie in their speech, not dis. 
daining tlieir eoekmates, or rerraining 
their companie. Lilly, EupXuea, Q I. 
But the ereatest thing is vet behinde, 
whether that those are to be admitted, 

as eoekmateg, with children. 


CocKNKLL, a. A young cock. 
CocKNKT, a. (1) A young cock. 
(2) A spoilt or effeminate boy* 

(3) One bom and bred in Lon- 
don, and Toy ignorant of rural 

(4) A lean chicken. 

(5) An imaginary oonntry, filled 
with luxuries of every kind. 

(6) A person who sold fruit and 
greens. Pr. P. 

CocK-PKNNT, t. A present made 
to the schoolmaster at Shrove- 
tide by the boys, 19 some schools 
in the North. 

CocK-piT, 8. (1) A place for cock- 

(2) The original name of the pit 
in our theatres ; which seems 10 
imply that cock-fighting had been 
their first destination. 

Let but Beatrice 
And Benedict be seen ; lo! in a trice. 
The eoek-pUt galleries, boxes, all arc full. 
Xmh. Digger., Si, Si^^ i, 71. 

CocKuuBAK, «. (Fr.) (1) A beggar 
or cheat. 
(2) A female cuckold. 

Qneene Juno, not a little wxoth agsinat her 

husbands crime. 
By whome shoe was a eoctputau made. 
Wanm't Albiomt B$tgUnd, 1B93. 

CocK-EOACH, a. A black-beetle. 

Cocks, 9. Cockles. D^ois. 

CocK'8.FooT,a. Columbine. Qerard. 

CocK*8.BEADLiNO, s. A game 
among boys. 

Cocks'- HBADB, a. The seeds of rib- 

CocK-sHUT, a. (1) A large net 
stretched across a glade, and so 
suspended upon poles aa to be 
easily drawn together, employed 
to catch woodcocks. These nets 
were chiefly used in the twilight 
of the evening, when woodcocks 
go out to feed, whence eockahut 
time, and eoekehut light, were 
used to express twilight. 

If thou (to catch a woodeoeke) snare me sou 
lie flatter in thy eoekt-ahoote till I go. 

Asvta, Scomrge 9f^^9, 1611* 

d by boogie 




SaiTT, and himMlf, 
mt time, went thro' the 
\ketp^ Richard lU,f,i. 

is only ipite ; 
not vesterniirht 
e eockikut light. 
, VoM^ Masq. qf Satfrt. 

ig road through a 

HQ, adv. To come 
neckliDg, L e,, bead 

'he name of a small 

o, «. Throwing at 
icks. Wilis, 
r. A short ipace. 
I lay at Twelfth- 
tji are now a coeJt- 

^nite certain. 
k cuckold, 
cob-web. North, 
The cockle. "Cock- 
o." Huioei. "Herbe 
de la poivrette. 
cocke-weede: Span- 
ttander." Nomen- 

rt; tancT. 

The arum. Wight. 

i sour apple. fTw/. 


carlet, or crimson. 

S.) A bag. 

tf the testicle. 

axi and of hit itoonea 
tiilei of hnmoiira that 
the cod and into the 
al MS. o/tkg Utk cent. 

>r cushion. North. 
it the end of a net, 
ne is placed to sink 

iket. OxfwdtK 
le caddis worm, 
ea-gatherer. Midx. 
To parboiL 

(2) To indolge; to take too 

much care of. 
CoDDT, adj. Small. NortK, 
Code, s. Cobbler's wax. JHghif 

Mytt.f p. 35. 
CoDGE, V. To do a thing clumsily. 

Codger, «. A miser; a queer old 

Codger's-bnd, «. The end of a 

shoemaker's thread. 
Codgbrt, 9. A strange mixture. 
CoD-GLovB, 9. A thick hedge-glo^e, 

without fingers. Devon. 
CoDiNAC, 9. A tort of consenre. 
Codlings, 9. Green peas. 


To nlake a codlinp ertam. After your 
codiintsB be throughly cooled and yield- 
ed, put them into a silver dish, and All 
the dish almost hnlf with rose-wHter, 
and huJfa pound of su^ar, boil all tlifflc 
liquors together until half be consumed, 
and keep it stirrinj; till it be ready, tht-ii 
All up your dish with sweet cri-ani, and 
Stir it till It be well min(;led, and whrn 
it hath boiled round about the dish, take 
it up, sweeten it with suitar, and serve 
it cold. 

A Tr%M OentUwotfuuCs Delight, 1C76. 

CoDLiKf, 9. Partially burnt lime- 
stones. North. 

Codpiece, 9. A protuberance to 
the breeches, sufficiently ex- 
plained by its name, and pecu- 
liar to the costume of the 16th 
cent. It appears to