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The second edition (1882) on CT103.P5 
includes a necrology of eminent persons 
for the last ten years. 



THE 



DICTIONAliY 



OF 



BIOGRAPHICAL EEFERENCE 



CONTAINING ' ,^ 'j ) '' 



ONE HUNDRED THOUSAND NAMES 



TOGETHER AVITH 



A CLASSED INDEX OF THE BIOGRAPHICAL LITERATURE 

OF EUROPE AND AMERICA 



BY 



LAWRENCE B. PHILLIPS, F.R.A.S., &c. 

AUTHOR OF "HOROLOGICAL TABLES," " THE AUTOCEAPHIC ALBUM," ETC. 



LONDON 
SAMPSON LOW, SON, & M A R S T N 

CROWN" BUILDINGS, 188 FLEET STREET 
1871 

[.-/// rights reserved. "X 






I'RINTED BY BALLANTVNE AND COMPANY 
EDINBURGH AND LONiJoN 






PREFACE. 



Amongst the most unhappy of mortals, according to Dr Johnson, are the writers of Dic- 
(tionaries, "whom mankind," he observes, "have considered, not as the pupils, but the slaves 
. of science, the pioneers of literature, doomed only to remove rubbish and clear obstructions 
from the paths through which learning and genius press forward to conquest and glory, 
without bestowing a smile on the humble drudge that facilitates their progress. Every 
other author may aspire to praise, the lexicographer can only hope to escape reproach, and 
even this negative recompense has been yet granted to very few." 

A century has elapsed since the learned doctor penned this warning ; yet, luckily for 
the cause of science and literature, tie ranks of the "humble drudge" have not, in the 
meantime, become thinned by the tone of discouragement in which it is written, but, on the 
contrary, the number of " pioneers " ha*? been multiplied a hundredfold. 

Of works on Biography the number is legion ; nevertheless, it appeared to the compiler 
of the present volume that room still existed for a Compendium, in which, by a judicious 
system of compression, a Students' Dictionary might be formed, which would register what, 
after all, is of the first importance to them, — ^viz., the more prominent dates and facts, — and 
at the same time assist them to the knowledge of works of a more recondite nature, in which 
fuller information might be found, if needed. 

Such a Compendium is now before the reader. An approximation to the system adopted 
has been attempted by others, but in no case has it been carried out to the extent of the 
present woi'k ; neither has the system of reference — the principal feature of this design — 
ever been essayed, if thought of. 

The want which the present work is intended to supply is one which must have been 
experienced by every earnest reader or writer. The value of the data upon which the 
' generalisations of both must rest mainly depends upon the readiness with which they can 
be verified, and no facts are more frequently in requisition for this purpose than those 
connected with the personal history of individuals ; and when these are not of such note as 
to have taken their place in general history, it will be evident to all that much valuable 
time is frequently wasted in the attempt to identify them. 

The application of these remarks will be fully understood by all whose literary tastes 
or duties have led them to the amplification or collation of historical events of minor import- 
ance, which have been but briefly or imperfectly described : further insistance, therefore, 
upon the importance of biographical references would be superfluous. In the form of a 
dictionary, the arrangement is sufficiently simple to explain itself, and a glance at the list 
of works consulted will serve to show the variety and character of the sources from which 



iv PREFACE. 



the greater part of the information has been derived, and how far the work goes to supply 
the vacuijm above indicated. 

The list of the authorities principally, but by no means exclusively consulted and 
referred to, gives a fair view of the bibliography of our subject ; and the statement that such 
voluminous publications as Ersch & Gruber's Encyclopaedia, of about 150 quarto volumes 
(see G), the new General Biographical Dictionary, by H. J. Rose, twelve volumes (see R), 
the Nouvelle Biographic Universelle, published by Didot Freres, in forty-six volumes (see D), 
have not only been exhausted, but that this work contains nearly four times the number of 
names in the last mentioned, which is brought down to 18C6, and is therefore one of the 
most recent, will give some idea of the care and labour bestowed upon it. 

In these pages, in addition to the matter usually given in Biographical Dictionaries, will 
be found the names of the Bishops, Chancellors, Judges, and other ecclesiastical and legal 
functionaries of the United Kingdom, the Lords-Lieutenant of Ireland, great officers of State 
(with the dates of their accession, and in the case of the bishops, of their translation), classical 
celebrities, royal and noble personages of all nations, and the greatest number of distin- 
guished Americans ever collected in one work. 

The following remarks, to which we invite the reader's attention, will be found essential 
to the proper use of the book, premising that a complete list of all the works and records 
consulted during its compilation would of itself form a considerable volume. 

The list of authorities facing the letter A, page 1, is referred to by means of letters of 
the alphabet, placed at the end of nearly every name. It by no means follows, however, 
that the name of the particular person sought for does not occur in many other works of a 
similar nature. These references indicate that the works to which they belong contain use- 
ful biographies of the persons to whose names they are appended. From this we must 
except Orridge's " Account of the Citizens of London," and Stubb's " Registrum Sacrum 
Anglicanum," which latter work has been selected in consequence of the accuracy with which 
it is compiled, and, furthermore, the advantage of its giving the authorities for the data 
therein. 

The works specified have been selected, after due consideration, as those bearing the 
highest repute ; many of them are probably only to be found in the libraries of the wealthier 
classes, or upon the shelves of great public libraries ; nevertheless, the importance, as well 
as convenience, of possessing references to all of them, in such a compact and portable form 
as that here provided, must become at once apparent. 

The writers of the notices of highly distinguished and celebrated personages given in 
biographical dictionaries, encyclopaedias, and the like, generally mention the larger works 
from which the information is taken : in such instances, then, there would probably be no 
readier mode of ascertaining which were the best works devoted to the records of their 
career than by following out our references. 

Where no reference follows a name, it denotes that the information has been taken 
from some incidental notice met with during a search in various miscellaneous publications, 
the mere mention of which would so increase the bulk of our work as to interfere with its 
handiness and portability. In the case of persons whose career may have marked a period 
in the history of art or science, but whose lives have been perfectly uneventful, the dates 
of birth and death are alone given, as being the most probable subjects of inquiry. Since 
examples of this mode of treatment occur upon every page, we thiidc it proper to explain 
that they are intentional, and not the result of accidental omission. 



PREFACE. 



Where the accuracy of dates is important, we may, from our own experience, caution 
the reader that the works of Bryant (B), and of Lanzi (T), however excellent in other 
respects, are exceedingly fallible, continually differing from Nagler (N), whom we have in 
preference followed. 

We have departed from the common practice of indicating, by asterisks or any other 
mark, that the person named was living at the time we wrote, having discovered, from the 
number of deaths occiirring whilst the work was in progress, that such distinctions would 
lead to confusion and misapprehension. 

It is very probable that, upon reference to our authorities, discrepancies may in certain 
instances be discovered between the dates given by them and those which we have adopted. 
The explanation of this circumstance is, firstly, that whilst we consider the biographies men- 
tioned by us to be among the best, we have adopted the dates from the works of other 
authors, whenever they have shown themselves to be more trustworthy upon that point. 
Secondly, the name of one and the same person will sometimes be found in more than one 
place, owing to the variations of spelling it adopted by different writers, and in order to 
avoid the loss of time caused by cross-references, we have sometijnes inserted the name iu 
alphabetical order, under its various forms. The variations in the dates arise from the 
same cause as that in spelling — namely, the more or less perfect information of the authors. 

Lastly, it may be observed that many names will be found to differ from the forms 
under which they appear in other dictionaries ; for instance, keeping ever in view the com- 
pactness of our volume, we have not deemed it necessary to repeat the name of Fabricius 
under the several forms of Le Favre, Le Fevre, Favre, Fevre, and Faber. We decided to 
adopt the form most generally accepted, and to leave the rest to the ingenuity of our readers. 

The dates assigned to Roman and Greek celebrities must always be received with a 
certain amount of diffidence and uncertainty as regards their accuracy, since such authorities 
as Clifton, Blair, Hale, Layard, Smith, and others, commonly differ from each other con- 
siderablj^, and occasionally to a remarkable extent. When we remember the uncertainties 
which prevail in modern works treating of the lives of comparatively recent distinguished 
characters, we naturally cannot feel surprised to find them existing as to those of the period 
before Christ. 

It sometimes happens that those who most frequently refer to dates, and are the most 
sensitive with regard to errors in them, are more than ordinarily careless about ascertaining 
their accuracy, and very often ignorant as to the means afforded for verifying them. In- 
numerable difficulties lie in the way of so doing, some of which we will venture to point out, 
and show what serious obstacles present themselves to the most acute, industrious^ and 
conscientious inquirer. 

References made to works of the highest modern authorities, who, from their universally 
established reputation, command our almost implicit confidence, serve very commonly to 
perpetuate errors propagated at a very distant period. It is, of course, impossible for a 
reader to divine what may have been the works consulted by an aiithor when not fully 
stated ; but it may be assumed, as it will generally be proved, that, in the majority of 
cases, he will have pursued the course of his precursors — namely, by collating the statements 
of the popular authors of his day, and, on finding them agree, adopting them as final. The 
data furnished by the latter, when not original, have been derived from similar sources ; and 
it may thus frequently happen, that instead of having before us the concurrent testimony of 
so many independent investigators, we have only the repetition of the statement of a con- 



vi PREFACE. 



fident, but careless or ignorant and liurried writer, Avhilst testimony entitled to superior 
consideration may have been entirely overlooked or disregarded. 

Whilst claiming legitimately the credit of having corrected a vast number of errors of 
the kind alluded to, we do not for a moment pretend to absolute accuracy ; hut ivhere this is 
requisite, we may observe that the perfect knowledge of a difficulty is the grand preliminary 
to its removal. Amongst so many thousand names, errors will naturally have crept in 
in despite the strictest supervision. It was, in fact, impossible totally to exclude them. 
Our endeavour has been, therefore, to indicate the sources whence they arise, and those dis- 
crepancies in dates which we have not been enabled to rectify will be found marked with an 
asterisk. A cursory inspection of Nagler's Kiinstler-Lexicon, which is considered an ex- 
ceedingly trustworthy compilation, will show how easily typographical errors may be 
introduced by careless transcribers or diffident authors. The type selected for this last- 
named work is peculiar, particularly as regards the figures employed. Persons not gifted 
with the strongest sight might readily mistake a 6 or a 9 for a 0, so very slight is the 
difference of shape between them ; if we add to this that the ink is faint, the paper bad, and 
the probability that some of the types became damaged during their service, the occasional 
inversion of sixes and nines, and the transposition of other figures (as 1775 being rendered 
1757 or 1755, 1699 appearing as 1969 or 1996, &c.), together with the palpable fact that 
the impressions are very frequently defective, we at once become aware of the unavoidable 
and ever-existing cause of error from the fallibility of printers alone. We do not select 
Nagler as worthy of special condemnation in this respect, but merely as an example of a 
modern work which has furnished us with innumerable instances of the difficulties we 
describe. 

Another and frequent cause of such discrepancies is produced by the careless practice 
of stating, after giving the date of birth of an individual, that he died at the age of so many 
years, instead of naming the chronological year. This practice, it will be apparent, upon 
slight reflection, might, in some instances, remove the occurrence from the list of events of 
the year to which it properly belongs to that of the previous or the subsequent year, and so 
make the deceased appear either a year younger or older than the date accepted by 
the modern compiler. In like manner, when we are only informed that an individual died 
in such a year, aged so many years, in calculating the date of his birth from such loose data, 
we are always subject to the same possible discrepancy. 

Another very serious source of error is that arising from the change of style, and the 
want of its universal and simultaneous adoption. This may be best understood by giving 
a short account of the perplexities in dates introduced with this innovation. Trivial as the 
change appears to be, it will be found upon examination, that so innumerable are the com- 
plications arising from this source in chronology and modern history, that without a know- 
ledge of this alteration, and the times at which it was adopted in various countries, it is 
next to impossible to fix positively the date of any event within one year of the truth. 

In the year 1510, Pope Leo X. wrote to Henry VIII. of England pointing out the 
necessity of making a correction in the Calendar, and requested him to obtain the opinions 
and advice of eminent scientific men and divines upon the subject, but it was not until Pope 
Gregory XIII. , in the year 1582, pressed the necessity of such alteration that the matter was 
seriously considered in Europe. This pontiff proposed that ten days should be omitted 
from the Calendar, or that ten days should be deducted from the year 1582, and that what 
should have been, according to the then existing style, the 5th of October, should be altered 



PREFACE. vii 



to the 15tb. This proposition was accepted, and the alteration adopted upon the day 
above named, in Spain, Portugal, and part of Italy, including Rome. In France the change 
took place on the 20th of December 1582, the 10th of that month being called the 20th ; in 
Holland, Brabant, Flanders, Artois, and Hainault, with the exceptions hereafter mentioned, 
on the 15th of December 1582. Gueldres, Zutphen, the province of Utrecht, Friesland, 
Griiningen, and Overyssel refused to comply with the requisition, and continued to use the 
old style 118 years later, until the year 1700, when they adopted the new style, by counting 
the 1st of December as the 12th. In Lorraine, the 10th of December 1582 was counted as 
the 20th. In Tuscany, the old style prevailed until 1749 or the early part of 1751. 

In Germany, the old style was changed by the Catholics in 1583 or 1584, and retained 
by the Protestants until 1701, which year was made to commence on the 12th January, old 
style. In the Cantons of Zurich, Berne, Basle, and Schaffhausen, and in certain towns 
in other parts of Switzerland, nevertheless, it still remained in use for some time. In 
Poland, the new style was adopted in 1586 ; in Hungary, 1587 ; in SAveden, March 1, 
1753- in Denmark, it was adopted in 1582; but from the 20th of December 1699 the 
Calendar of Weigel, by which the fixing of Easter and the movable feasts of the Protestants 
are sometimes made to fall upon different days to those of the Catholics, has been used. 
In Russia, Greece, and wherever the Greek rites prevail, the old style is still religiously 
preserved. 

This important change took place in England so late as the year 1752, by Act of Par- 
liament, when the practice of dating the commencement of the year from the 25th of March was 
also abolished. The last-mentioned practice is a source of very frequent confusion with histo- 
rians who have not recognised the importance of using the two dates which are necessary to 
obviate the otherwise inevitable derangement of the actual succession of events, as by giving 
a date in February 1307 only, which really means the February of 1308, and, to be perfectly 
intelligible, must always be written 1307-8. By this Act of Parliament, it was ordained that 
the next day naturally following the 2nd September 1752 should be reckoned as the 14th 
day of September ; that the day following the said 14th day of September should be reck- 
oned as the 15th, and so on, all succeeding days, in due numerical progression. All public 
proceedings and acts were ordered henceforth, after the 1st of January 1752, to be dated 
according to the newly established system. It was also ordained, for the future correction 
of the Calendar, "that the years of the Christian era, 1800, 1900, 2100, 2200, 2300, or any 
other like hundredth years (except only every fourth hundredth year), whereof the year 
2000 shall be the first, shall be considered common years, consisting of 365 days only, and 
that the years 2000, 2400, 2800, and every fourth hundred years, from the year 2000 inclu- 
sive, and also all other years which are at present considered Bisextile or Leap years, shall, 
for the future, be reckoned as Bisextile or Leap years of 366 days." These regulations for 
the correction of the Calendar of the future will naturally in nowise affect dates with which 
we are concerned, but they are stated here to indicate those changes which, in the efflux of 
time, by altering the relation of the commencement of the year to its natural determination 
by the equinoctial periods, will render such corrections necessary. 

Another point to be noted in the rectification of miscellaneous dates is the religious 
persuasions of certain authors in whose works they may occur, which sometimes causes them 
to differ from those of all other writers. The Jews, until the fifteenth century, reckoned 
their time from the era of Selucides, three hundred and eleven years and four months before 
Christ, but, since the close of that century, have dated from the creation of the world, wliich, 



viii PREFACE. 



according to their computation, took place tliree thousand seven hundred and sixty years and 
three months before the commencement of the Christian era. As the ecclesiastical year of 
the Jews commences six months earlier than the secular year, everything connected with 
their religious observances is regulated by the former ; when, therefore, their ecclesiastical 
records or calendar is referred to, this circumstance must not be forgotten. 

A new era, special to France, which is sufficiently troublesome to students of the history 
of the tenth decade of the last and the first of the present century, was introduced by a 
decree of the revolutionary Convention in 1793. By this decree it was ordained that the 
common era should be no longer used in France in civil affairs, but that a new one should 
commence from the establishment of the French Republic ; that is to say, on 22nd Septem- 
ber 1792, the day of the true autumnal equinox, the first year commencing on the midnight 
of this day, and terminating at midnight between the 21st and 22nd September 1793. 
Ensuing years were to commence also at midnight of the day upon which the true autumnal 
equinox should fall, regulations being laid down for the usual intercalation of a day in every 
fourth year, which was to terminate a period to be called a Franciade, &c. As this 
arrangement involved an arbitrary redistribution of the months, new names were adopted for 
them, such as Vind^miaire (the vintage month), Brumaire (the month of fogs), &c. ; and, 
instead of weeks, they were divided into decades of ten days. As this system prevailed only 
from the 20th November 1792 until the 31st December 1805, it is unnecessary to devote 
farther space here to an explanation of the mode in which the five complementary days were 
added and other corrections provided for. 

We may remind the reader of some thirty other eras from which events in the history 
of various, or of the same countries are dated, as the Olympiads, the building of Rome, the 
ecclesiastical and the civil eras of Constantinople, the Hegira, or the flight of Mohammed from 
Mecca to Medina, by Avhich the dates of all Mohammedan writers are regulated ; the Tyrian 
and Sidonian, the Julian and Augustan eras ; the building of Solomon's Temple, the destruc- 
tion of Jerusalem, and many others, which will be met with in the course of literary researches. 
We may also mention the commencement of the Kali Yng, or present era of the Hindoos, 
commencing 3102 years B.C. ; the uncertain Chinese chronologies; and the Sothiac period of 
the ancient Egyptians, consisting of 1460 years of 365 days and 5 hours, the commencement 
of which was determined by the heliacal rising of Sothis, Sirius, or the Dog Star, whence it 
was also called a Canicular period. Since remote events in the history of the three last- 
named oriental countries have been recognised as of the highest importance in fixing common 
points of departure in sacred and general history, the necessity of ascertaining exactly the 
mode of bringing them into correspondence with the dates of the western continent becomes 
apparent. As all these eras commence at various periods of the year, for the most part 
selected from no astronomical considerations, frequently for reasons simply special to the 
people by whom they are employed, the labour of reducing and correcting them by our own 
system would be not only enormous and of the driest and most repulsive kind, but requiring the 
greatest care and utmost accuracy. From these circumstances, few persons have the courage 
or patience to work out the problem, the result of which, when done, is often erroneous or 
doubtful, from the imperfect knowledge brought to bear upon it in the manipulation, and the 
liability to error involved. To expatiate more fully upon the peculiarities of these various 
eras would be to convert remarks, which are only intended to be introductory, into a treatise; 
wc therefore content ourselves with calling the attention of the reader to the importance of 



PREFACE. ix 



understanding the difficulties wlaicli stand in the way of compiling an unimpeachable and 
perfectly homogeneous chronology. 

We feel the more justified in adopting this course, from the patent fact, that, whilst 
oriental scholars are few they are the men who are the most interested in, and, at the same 
time, the most competent to effect the corrections or reductions they require ; we therefore 
return to the consideration of hints which may be useful to the readers of European and 
especially British historical literature. 

We have already mentioned the English practice of commencing the' year on the 25th 
of March, which was adopted by the Anglican Church in the twelfth century, by the civil 
community in the fourteenth, and continued in use until 1752 ; but we find that previous 
to the commencement of this period from the seventh century, the year was considered to 
commence on Christmas day ; and we are told that this mode of computation continued in 
vogue even to the thirteenth century, so that two certainly, and possibly three, orders of 
dates of events appear to have been in use in England at the same time — those of the legal 
and clerical authorities — being one and the same in referring occurrences to the ecclesiastical 
year, which, we are told by way of increasing confusion, appears to have commenced in some 
places upon the first sunday in Advent, the commonalty using another ; and the historical 
year commencing on the 1st of January. 

In France the same confusion occurs. From the time of Charlemagne, and during the 
ninth century, the year commenced from Christmas day in the greater part of it, although it 
was in some instances reckoned from Easter day, or Easter eve, which subsequently became 
the more general practice, excepting in the provinces possessed by the English, Normandy, 
Poitou, Guienne, and Anjou, where Christmas day was considered the first of the legal year. 
Particular towns and provinces appear to have adopted, changed, or retained one or the 
other of these systems, at the caprice or convenience of their inhabitants, and it was only in 
1563 that an edict of Charles IX., confirmed by the Parliament of Paris in 1567, ordained 
that the 1st of January thenceforward should be the commencement of the year. To this 
ordinance the church of Beauvais did not conform until 1580. In Germany and in most 
other countries equal want of uniformity prevailed, — the universities of Cologne, Treves, 
Strasburg, and numerous other places, having each its own style. In Denmark, the year 
was sometimes reckoned from the feast of St Tiburtius, the 11th or 12th of August. 

In all the other European states similar changes were made at various periods, from 
March 25, or Easter day, as the case happened, to Christmas, then to, the 1st of January. 
At Delft, Dort, and at Brabant in Holland, the year commenced on Good Friday 
until 1 575. 

Much trouble is sometimes caused by the occurrence of a birth or death or other event 
being recorded as taking place upon a Saint's day, Movable Feast, Vigil's, or at an 
interval of so many days from them. In reference to the ecclesiastical year, such dates are 
usual, and certain days of the civil year are sometimes distinguished only as those upon 
which " King Edward married Queen Margaret," or other memorable events took place. 
Certain discrepancies as regards particular days may sometimes be reconciled by referring to 
the practice of various peoples beginning their day at different hours, as at midnight, sunrise, 
or at mid-day. 

A constant source of confusion arises in some of our most important records from . the 
frequent use of regnal years only, without regard to any other chronological standard. The 

h 



PREFACE. 



casual inquirer would probably require no surer basis for his calculation ; nevertheless, he 
could possibly choose none more fallacious or perplexing. In addition to tl^ -ections 

which we have already shown to be necessary in order to establish a reg> istent 

chronology, we have to ascertain in what manner the regnal years referred to ted, 

and from what period they commence; as, in some instances, they are dated fro ., 'S- 

sion de facto of the monarch to the throne, at others from his coronation, a. 
instances have been adduced, in which the broken part of the astronomical year rt 
after the succession de facto, has been reckoned as the first regnal year, the secouv 
mencing with the ordinary civil year. • 

This subject might be expanded to a much greater extent, but our object in treating 
it at all here is to show our readers the difficulty of verifying dates of comparatively ver} 
recent times and its causes. That discrepancies, and even glaring differences, such as can- 
not be accounted for by the aid of our suggestions, may arise, is not unlikely ; we would 
request, however, that it should not be hastily assumed that they are the results of careless- 
ness, but more probably of premeditation and intention. Another source of error has arisen 
from the fact of certain biographers having concluded from the title-page of a work that 
its author was living at the time of its publication : but whatever care may be taken with 
a dictionary of this character, there will probably be found some of those palpable errors 
which occasionally creep into even the most carefully revised works. 

As a suitable addendum to a work of this nature, a Classed Index of the principal works 
on Biography piiblished in Europe and America up to the present day has been carefully 
compiled, and arranged under three divisions, viz.. General, or those which contain the 
accounts of individuals of all nations ; National, or those which relate to the celebrities of 
particular counties ; and Glass, which treat only of the members of respective bodies or 
professions, as actors, painters, &c., and these are arranged or subdivided into nationalities. 
This Index, we trust, will contribute greatly to the value of the work. 

To those who desire to pursue for themselves the vexed questions connected with 
doubtful dates, of which we have written in the foregoing pages, we would recommend the 
excellent French work, " L'Art de Verifier les Dates," De Value's " Dictionnaire Kaisonn6 de 
Diplomatique," the "Glossarium" of Ducange, the compendious "Chronology of History" 
by Sir Harris Nicolas, published by Messrs Longman in 1838, and "A Handy-Book of the 
Ptules for Verifying Dates" by Mr Bond, of the Public Kecord Office, which appeared in 
1866, — all of which will be found of the greatest assistance and value. 

12 Queen Squake, W.C, April 1871. 



ERRATA. 

Page 12. Aelts, read Aelst. 

23. Aldrovandi, 1605, read 1607. 

36. Ames, John, read Joseph. 

54. Agensoli, read Argensoli. 

55. Argenson, marquis do Yoger, read Voyer. 
395. Floris, rranpois, 1590, read 1570. 
566. Lansdowue, H. P. Fitz-Marice, read Fitz-SIauiice ; 1868, read 1863. 



ABBREVIATIONS. 



Astron. 

Alchem, 

Abp. 

Antiq. 

Aft. 

Archt. 

Astrol. 

Anat. 

Aust. 

Amer. 

Agric. 

Atheiu 



B.C. 
B. 

Biblic. 
Biog. 
Bp. 
Bot. 



Controv. 
Cath. 
Chem. 
Con. 



Dipl. 

D. 

Div. 

Dram. 

Dep. 

Dr. 



Eccles. 

Emp. 

Eiig. 

Ex. 

Econ. 

En?;i-. 



Flem. 

Fr. 

Fl. 



Geneal. 

Gen. 

Geol. 

Geog. 

Gk. 

Gov. 

Gd. 

Gram. 

Germ. 



Hist. 



astronomer. 

alchemist. 

archbishop. 

antiquary. 

after. 

architect. 

astrologer. 

anatomist. 

Austrian. 

American. 

agriculturist. 

Athenian. 



before Christ. 

born. 

biblical. 

biographer. 

bishop. 

botanist. 



controversialist, 
catholic, 
chemist, 
consul. 



diplomatist, 
died, 
divine, 
dramatic- 
deputy, 
doctor. 



ecclesiastical. 

emperor. 

English. 

executed. 

economist. 

engraver. 

Flemish. 

French. 

flourished. 



genealogist. 

general. 

geologist. 

geographer. 

Greek. 

governor. 

grand. 

grammarian. 

German. 

( historian or 
1 historicaL 



Ital. 



K. 



Italian. 



kin?. 



Litt. 
Lieut. 
Ld.-lieut. 
Lieut.-gen. 



Mathem. 

Med. 

Miscel. 

Mus. 

Mqs. 

Natur. 



Orient. 
Orat. 



Ptr. 

Polit. 

Philos. 

Philol. 

Phys. or M.D. 

Prof. 

Port. 

Prot. 

Philant. 



Qu. 



Kom. 
Khet. 
E.A. 



Sec. 

Statesm. 

St. 

Surg. 

Sculpt. 

Span. 

Scient. 



Theol. 
Visct. 
■Writ. 



litterateur, 
lieutenant, 
lord-lieutenant, 
lieutenant-general. 



mathematician, 
medical, 
miscellaneous, 
music or musician, 
marquis. 



natui-alist. 



orientalist. 
orator. 



painter. 

political. 

philosopher. 

philologist. 

physician. 

professor. 

portrait. 

protestant. 

philanthropist. 



queen 



Roman, 
rhetorician, 
royal academician. 

secretary. 

statesman. 

saint 

surgeon. 

sculptor 

Spanish. 

scientific. 



theologian. 



viscount. 



writer. 



LIST OF WORKS REFERRED TO. 



A. — Allen, "William, American Biographical Dic- 
tionary. Boston, 1858. 8vo. 

B. — Bryant, M., Biographical and Critical Dictionary 
of Painters and Engravers, by G. Stanley ; and 
Supplement, by H. Ottley. London, 1853 and 
1866. 8vo. 

C— Chalmers, Alexander, Tlie General Biogi-aphi- 
cal Dictionary. London, 1812-17. 32 vols. 8vo. 

3). — DiDOT, NouveUe Biographie UniverseUe, edited 
by Dr Hoefer. Paris, 1852-66. 46 vols. 8vo. 

E.— Antonio, N., Bibliotheca Hispana vetus, Matriti. 
2 vols. fol. 1788. And Bibliotheca Hispana 
Nova, Matriti. 2 vols. 4to. 1783-88. 

T. — Yapereau, G., Dictionnaire Universel des Con- 
temporains. Paris, 1858. 8vo. 

6, — Ersch, Johann Samuel, and Gruber, Johann 
Gottfried, Allgemeine Encyclopadie der Wis- 
senchaften und Kiinste. 1818-47. In sections 
forming about 150 vols. 4to. 

E.— Clinton, H. F., Fasti Hellenici : The Civil and 
Literary Chronology of Greece. Oxford, 1834- 
51. 3 vols. 4to. Fasti Eomani : The Civil and 
Literary Chronology of Rome and Constanti- 
nople. Oxford, 1845-50. 2 vols. 4to. 

L — Mazzuchelli, Giam Maria, Gli scrittori d'ltalia. 
Brescia, 1753-63. 6 vols. fol. 

K. — Fetis, F. J. , Biographie UniverseUe des Musiciens. 
Paris, 1860. lO vols. 8vo. 

L.— L'Art de Verifier les Dates. Paris, 1821-44. 
18 vols. 8vo. 

M.— "Walford, E., Men of the Time. London, 1868. 
8vo. 7th edition. 

W.— Nagler, G. K., Kiinstler - Lexicon. Munchen> 
1S35-52. 22 vols. 8vo. 

O. — Wolf, Jo. Chr., Bibliotheca Hebrjea, seu notitia 
auctorum Hebr. Hamburgi, 1715-33. 4 vols. 
4to. 

P. — Moreri, Le Grand Dictionnaire Historique. Paris, 
1759. 10 vols. fol. 

Q. — Joecher, C. G., Allgemeines Gelehrten Lexicon. 
Leipz., 1750, 51. 4to. Continuations and Sup- 
plements, by J. C. Adelung and H. G. Roter- 
mund. 1784-87 and 1810-19. 

B. — Rose, H. J., A New General Biographical Dic- 
tionary. London, 1848. 12 vols. 

S. — TiPALDO, E. DE, Biografia degli Italiani illustri 

del secolo XVllI., &c. Venezia, 1834-45. 

10 vols. 8vo. 

T. — Lanzi, Storia Pittorica della Italia. Milano, 1824, 
25. 4 vols. 8vo. 

U. — Biographie TTniverselle publice sous la direc- 
tion de M. Michaud. Paris, 1843-66. 45 vols. 
8vo. 

W. — Watt, R., Bibliotheca Britannica, a General 
Index to British and Foreign Literature. Edin- 
burgh, 1824. 4 vols. 4to. 

X. — Smith, W., Dictionary of Greek and Roman Bio- 
graphy and Mythology. London, 1844-49. 3 
vols. 8vo. 

Y.— Machado, Diogo Baebosa, Bibliotheca Lusitana. 
Lisboa, 1741-59. 4 vols. fol. 

Z.— Bartoloccius, Julius, Bibliotheca Magna Eab- 
binica. Romse, 1675-94. 4 vols. fol. 



a. — Allibone, Samuel Austin, A Critical Dictionary 
of English Literature, and British and Ameri- 
can Authors, living and deceased, from the 
earliest accoiints to the latter half of the nine- 
teenth century. Philadelphia, 1859-71. 3 vols. 
8vo 

6.— Orridge, B. B., Some account of the Citizens of 
London and their Rulers, from 1060 to 1867. 
London, 1867. 8vo. 

c. — Cotton, Henry, Fasti Ecclesise Hibernicse. The 
Succession of the Prelates and Members of the 
Cathedral Bodies in Ireland. Dublin, 1849. 5 
vols. 8vo. 

d.— Stubbs, W., Registrum Sacrum Anglicanum." 
The course of Episcopal succession in England. 
Oxford, 1858. 8vo. 



e.— Ripley, G., and Dana, C. A. 

Cyclopsedia. (A2ypleton. ) 
16 vols. 8vo. 



, The new American 
New York, 1858-63. 



/.- 

ff- 

h.- 

i.- 



-Foss, Edward, Judges of England, with sketches 
of their lives, and miscellaneous notices con- 
nected with the Courts of Westminster, from 
the time of the conquest. London, 1851-64. 
9 vols. Svo. 



-Gentleman's Magazine. 
240 vols. 



London, 1731-1871. 



-Hook, W. F., Lives of the Archbishops of Can- 
terbury. London, 1860-68. 8 vols. Svo. 

- Alegambe, Philippus, Bibliotheca Scriptorum So- 
cietatis Jesu. 1676. FoUo. 

Keith, R., Catalogue of the Bishops of Scot- 
land. Edited by Dr RusseU. Edinburgh, 1824. 
8vo. 



7)1. 



n.- 



l. — Le Neve, J., Fasti Ecclesise Anglicanje; or a 
Calendar of the principal ecclesiastical digni- 
taries in England and Wales, and of the chief 
officers in the Universities of Oxford and Cam- 
bridge. Corrected and continued by T. D. 
Hardy. Oxford, 1854. 3 vols. 8vo. 

-D'Alton, John, Lives of the Archbishops of 
Dublin. Dublin, 1838. Svo. 

-Eloy, N. F. J., Dictionnaire Historique de la 
Medecine. Mons, 1778. 4 vols. 4to. 

0. — Wood, Ant., Athenre Oxonienses ; or. Account of 
the Eminent Writers who have been educated at 
Oxford. Edited by P. Bliss. London, 1813-20. 
4 vols. 4to. 

;;.— Campbell, Lord John, Lives of the Lord Chan- 
cellors and Keepers of the Great Seal. Lon- 
don, 1845-69. 8 vols. Svo. 

(/.—Cooper, C. H. and T., Athenae Cantabrigienses, 
Cambridge, 1858-61. 2 vols. Svo. 



THE 



DICTIONARY OF BIOGRAPHICAL REFERENCE. 



EXPLANATIONS. 



1. Tlie initial letters appended to each article refer to Dictionaries and other Works, wherein a fuller account 

of each individual may be found. For a list of these sec opposite page. 

2. Wlicre only one date occurs ivithout the prefix b or d, it indicates the period at which the person was living, 

3. The aste7-isk (*) indicates an approximate or doubtful date. 

4. The names in italics indicate an assumed name or sobriquet. 

5. The dates before the Christian era are denoted by B.C.; lohere more than one such date occurs under the same 

name, this prefix is not repeated. 



Aa, Adolf van der, Dutch patriot ; d. 1568 

Aa, Anton Jakobus van der, Dutch biog. ; 1794 — 1857 

Aa, C. Heudrik van der, Dutch theoL; 1718—1792 U. 

Aa, Dirk van der, Dutch painter ; 1731 — 1809 G. 

Aa, Hildebrand van der, Dutch engraver ; 1700 c.D. 

Aa, Kristian Karel Hendrik van der, Dutch Lutheran 
divine; 1718—1793 c.D.K. 

Aa, Peter van der, Dutch geographer, bookseller, and 
editor ; 1670*— 1730 C.d.e. 

Aa, Peter van der, Dutch lawyer ; 1535 — 1594 c.D. 

Aa, Thierry van der, Dutch painter ; 1731—1809 B. 

Aabel, Peder Pavels, Norwegian theologian ; 6. 1795 

Aabye, Thomas, Danish judge and polit. ; 1756—1820 

Aach, Clemens, Benedictine abbot ; 1718—1731 

Aacken, Ewahl Charles, Baron ; d. 1817 

Aacs, or Acs, Michel, Hungarian pliilosopher and 
theologian; 1631—1708 D. 

Aacs, o?- Acs, Michel, Hungariantheol.; 1672—1711 D. 

Aagaard, Just Georg Waldemar, Danish procurator ; 
1811—1857 

Aagaard, Rasmus, Danish theologian ; 1777—1857 

Aag'ard, Christian, Danish poet ; 1616—1664 G.C.R. 

Aagard, Knud, Danish pastor and writer ; 1780 R.D. 

Aagard, Niels or Nicolas, Danish scholar and writer ; 
1612—1657 c.D.u. 

Aagesen, Svend or Sueno, Danish hist. ; 1186 c.e. 

Aalimes, queen of Egypt; B.C. 1638 

Aal, Jacob, Norwegian metallurgist ; 1773 — 1844 e. 

Aalborg, Niels Mikkelsen, Danish theol. ; 1562—1619 

Aalholm, Niels Matthias, Norwegian poet and lin- 
guist; b. 1811 

Aali, or Ali, Mustapha-Ben-Achmed-Ben-Abdul-Mola, 
Turkish historian ; d. 1597 D.li. 

AaliPacha, ]\rehemetEmin,Ottomanstatsni. ; b. 1815 f. 

Aalst. See Aelst. 

Aare, Dirk, or Thierry van der, bishop of Utrecht ; 
d. 1212 E.U. 

Aarflot, Sivert Knudsson, Norwegian statesman and 
naturalist ; 1759—1817 

Aaron, first high priest of the Jews, brother of Moses ; 
B.C. 1574—1452 D.u. 

Aaron, St, founder of the first monastery in Brittany; 
6th cent, C.k.d. 

Aaron, St, martyr of Wales D.K. 

Aaron [the Lcvitc),^^^^. rabbi, author; 13th cent. o.R. 

Aaron, or Haroun, Al P>,ashid, fifth caliph of the Abas- 
sides; 765-809 R. 

Aaron, Isaac, dragoman to Manuel Comnenus E.u. 



Aaron, Margalitha, Polish converted Jew, Lutheran 
divine, and author ; 1712 E. 

Aaron, IPietro, monk of the order of cross-bearers, 
canon of Eimini ; 1521 C.D.R. 

Aaron, Zalaha, Si^an. rabbi and author ; d. 1293 D.O. 

Aaron-Abiob, or Aviob, rabbi of Thessalonica and 
writer; 1.585" D.O. 

Aaron- Acharon, rabbi of the Karaites ; 1580 D.o. 

Aaron-Ariseon, or Harisclion, Ben Joseph, rabbi and 
physician ; 1270* c.o.D.U. 

Aaron-Ben-Aser, or Aaron-Bar-Moise, rabbi and 
Jewish philologer ; 1030* E.O. 

Aaron-Ben-Chaim, rabbi of Fez ; 1609* e.z. 

Aaron-Ben-Joseph Sason (Schaseon), rabbi of Thes- 
salonica; 1600 D.z, 

Aaron-Berakiah, Ital. rabbi and writ.; 17th cent. E.z. 

Aaron Kohen, Italian rabbi ; 1350* d.q.u. 

Aaron of Alexandria, physician and philosopher ; 7th 
cent. C.E. 

Aaron of Bistrlez, Peter Saul, bishop of Foyaras, 
Transylvania ; d. 1760 D. u. 

AaronofPesara,Pisauren8is, Ital. rabbi; 16th cent.D.o. 

Aaron of Ragusa, rabbi and autlior ; 17th cent. D. 

Aaronewicz, Isaac, Polish Jewish wi-it. ; d. 1629 D.U. 

Aarschot, Philippe de Croi, Due d', Belgian diploma- 
tist ; d. 1595 D.E.c. 

Aarsens, Cornelius van,Dutch statsm.; 1453— 1624 R.D. 

Aarsens, Franz van, Dutch diplomatist, traveller, and 
writer; 1572—1641 c.r.d. 

Aart, Hugh van der Goes, Dutch painter; d. 1480* N.U. 

Aartgen, or Aertgens, Arthur Claessoon, Dutch 
painter; 1498—1564 B.E.D. 

Aartman, Matthijoz, Dutch drawing mas. ; 1713— 1793 

Aartstoergen, Alexander van der Capellen, Dutch 
statesman and author ; d. 1656 D.U. 

Aartsen. See Aertsen. 

Aartszen, Pujkert, Dutch hist, painter ; 1482—1577 

Aas, Gunder, Norwegian jurist ; 1785 — 1853 

Aascow, Urbain-Bruan, Danisli pliysician ; 1770* D. 

Aasen, Ivar Andreas, Danisli philologer ; b. 1813 

Aasheim, Arnold Nicolai, Norwegian physician and 
scholar; 1749-180U 

Aaskov, Urban Brun, Danish physician ; 1742 — 1806 

Aassim, or Assim, Ben-Abderrahman Effendi, Turk- 
ish writer; d. 1675 U.D. 

Aassim, lamael Effendi, Turkish mufti and writer ; 
d. 1758 E.D. 

Aba, or Owon, Sam., k. of Hungary, 1041; d. 1044 U.K. 

A 



ABA 



ABB 



Abacco, or L'Abacco, Antonio, Italian architect and 

engraver; 1558 B.R.D. 

Abaco, Av. Feb. D'El, Ital. mus. comp. ; 16ri2— 1726 K. 
Abaco, Baron, amateur comjioser and violonist ; IStli 

cent. K. 

Abaco, Paolo dell', Florentine mathematician and poet ; 

d. 1365 I). 

Abad I., Abou'l-Cassem-Mohammed, first king of the 

Moors of Seville ; d. 1042 U.R.c. 

Abad II., Abou-Amrou-Al-Motadhed-Billah ; 1012— 

1069 u.R.e. 

Abad III., Abon'1-Cassera-Mohammed-al-Motamed- 

Eillah; 1039—1095 u.K.e. 

Abad y Queypeo, Manuel, Span. bp. ; 1775—1825* c.d. 
Abadia, Francisco Xaverio, Span. gen. ; 1774 — 1830 U. 
Abadie, Paul, French architect ; b. 1783 F. 

Abafla, or Apafi, Blichel, prince of Transylvania (16C1) ; 

1632—1690 K.D. 

Abaga, or Abaka-Khan, second Mogul emperor of 

Persia, 1265; d. 1282 U.D. 

Abailard, or Abelard, Pierre, French philosopher, 

theologian, and writer; 1079 — 1142 K.D. 

Abaisi, Tommaso, Italian sculptor ; 1451 D. 

Abaka-Khan, eighth emperor of the dynasty of 

Ghengis on the tlirone of Persia; d. 1282 e.K. 

Abakum, Russian ecclesiastic ; d. 1084 
Aballa, Italian scholar and authoress ; 6.1250* D.u. 
Abamonti, or Abbamonte, Guiseppe, Neapolitan 

statesman and lawyer ; 1759 — 1818 S.U. 

Abancoiir-fc, Chai'les Frerot d', Fr. engineer; d. 1801 F. D. 
Abancourt, Charles-Xavier-Joseph Frauqueville d', 

minister of Louis XVI. ; 1758—1792 ii.F.e. 

Abancoxirt, Francois- Jean Villemain d', French littera- 
teur; 1745—1803 _ F.D.c. 
Abano, Pietro d', Italian physician, alchemist, and 

author; 1246—1320 n.V.e. 

Abantidas, usurper of throne of Sicyon ; B.C. 267 d.e. 
Abarbanel, Arabanel, or Abrabanel, Isaac Barbanella, 

Spanish rabbinical doctor ; 1437 — 1508 C.D.E.Z. 

Abarca de Bolea, Inigo, Sjjanish religious writer ; 16tli 

cent. E.R. 

Abarca de Bolea y Portugal, Geronimo Don, Ara- 

gonese historian ; 16th cent. D.E.R. 

Abarca, Don Joaquin, bishop of Leon ; 1780—1844 e.u. 
Abarca, F. V. de la Sala, Spanish knight and military 

author ; 17th cent. D.R. 

Abarca, Maria de, Spanish female artist; 1650 b.r. 
Abarca, Martin de, Italian numismatist ; 16th cent. 
Abarca, Pedro, Spanish Jesuit ; 1619—1693 D.R. 

Abarca, Sanctius, king of Aragon and NavaiTe ; d. 926 
Abaris, impostor and magician of Scythia ; 6th cent. 

B.C. R.D.X. 

Abasa, Abassa, or Abaza, pacha of Bosnia; 6.1617 D.u. 
Abascal, Don Jose Fernando, viceroy of Peru ; 1743 — 

1821 F.R.C. 

Abascantus, Greek physician of Lyons ; 1st cent. d.u. 
Abassa, or Abbassa, consort of Diafar the Barme- 
cide ; 810 U.D. 
Abassa, sister of Haroun al Rashid, caliph of the 

Sai-acens ; 786 
Abate, Andrea [Belvedere), Italian'painter of still life ; 

d. 1732 B.D.u. 

Abati, Antonio dc Gubbio, Italian poet ; d. 1667 C.u. 
Abati, Beldo Angclo, Italian phys. ; 16th cent. D.R. 
Abati, Bocca del, Florentine noble; 1260 D. 

Abati, Ercole, Italian painter of the Modenese school ; 

1563*— 1613 B.T. 

Abati, Giovanni, Modenese painter; d. 1559 T. 

Abati, Giulio Camillo, Modenese painter T. 

Abati, or Abatti, Niccolo dell, Italian painter of the 

Modenese school ; 1509 or 12 — 1571 B.d. 

Abati, Pietro Paolo, Modenese painter ; d. 1555* t. b. 
Abati, Pietro Paolo, Modenese painter; 1592—1030 T. 
Abatia, or Abbatia, Bernard, French physician and 

astrologer; 1530—1.590 R.D. 

Abatia, or Abatti, Giovanni-Antonio, Italian alche- 

misi: 1650* D.u. 



Abatini, Guido Ubaldo, of Citta di Castello, Italian 
fresco painter ; 1600—1656 N.T.B.D. 

Abaunza, Pedro, Spanish scholar; 1599—1649 e.d. 

Abauzit,Firmin, Fr. antiq. and philos.; 1679 — 1767 CD. 

Abayam, Jose Pereira, Span, priest and hist. ; 1750* D. 

Abaza, pacha of Bosnia ; d. 1636 r.u. 

Abba Axica (Rao), Jewish founder of a college in 
Babylon; 220* o. 

Abba Bar Cobanana, Amorite rabbi, compiler of the 
" Ghemara ;" 250 o. 

Abba Ben Shelomo Bumsla, rabbi of Basle, author 
and scholar ; 1600 Z. 

Abba Chelkija, one of the authors of the "Mish- 
na" O.z. 

Abba Eleazer Ben Dolai, Jewish author ; 120* o.z. 

Abba Mori Bar Moslie, Jewish scholar and writer; 
14th cent. O.z. 

A.bba Saul Ben Botnith, one of the rabbis who com- 
piled the "Mishna" O. 

Abbaco, Paolo dell', Italian geometrician, astronomer, 
and poet ; d. 1375* R.U. 

Abbadabu, Amon, sultan of Seville ; 1042 

Abbadie, canon of Coniminges and author ; 1700 

Abbadie, Antoine d', French traveller in Abyssinia, 
1838; 6. 1810 U.d.f. 

Abbadie, Arnould Michel d', French traveller in Abys- 
sinia, 1838 ; 6. 1815 D.i\U. 

Abbadie, Jacques, French Protestant theologian and 
political writer ; 1658-1727 c.r.w.d. 

Abbadie, Vincent, French surgeon ; 1737 — 1800 D.N. 
I Abbal, Basile Joseph, French priest ; 6. 1799 F. 

Abas-Ben-Abdelmottalib, uncle and disciple of Ma- 
liomet ; 566— 652 D.U. 

Abbas I. (Great), shah of Persia (1587-1628) ; 1557— 
1628 R.D. 

Abbas II. ; 1629-1666 R.D. 

Abbas III. ; 1731—1736 r.d. 

Abbas-Mirza, shah of Persia; 1785-1833 u. 

Abbas-Pacha, viceroy of Egypt, 1848; b. 1813 u.D. 

Abbassarus, officer under Cyrus 

Abbate, or Abbati, Balde-Angelo d', Italian physi 
cian ; 1585* D. u 

Abbate, D. Stefano, Italian theologian ; 1700 D 

Abbate, Niccolo dell', Italian painter ; 16th cent. N. 

Abbate, Pietro Paolo, Italian painter ; 1550 B. 

Abba-ThuUe, chief of the Archipelago of the Pelew 
Isles ; d. 1784 D. 

Abbatia, Antoine d', Fr. poet and jurist; 6. 1650* d. 

Abbatini, Antonio-Maria, Italian music comiioser ; 
1605—1075 D. 

Abbatucci, Carlo, French general, born in Corsica; 
1771—1796 D.u. 

Abbatucci, Charles, French barrister ; 19th cent. F. 

Abbatucci, Jacques Pierre, French general, born in 
Corsica; 1726-1812 R. 

Abbatucci, Jacques Pierre Charles, French magis- 
trate ; 1791—1857 F. 

Abbaud, French theologian ; 12th cent. D.U. 

Abbe, H., Flemish engraver and painter; 1670 B.R. 

Abbe, Louise (la belle Cordonnierc), Freucli poetess ; 
17th cent. 

Abbes, Guillaume, French theologian ; 1620* D. 

Abbes, De Cabrerolles d', French author ; d. 1785 D. 

Abbeville, Claude d', Capuchin missionary ; 1614 

Abbiati, Filippo, Milanese painter ; 1640 — 1715 T. 

Abbiati, Guiseppe, of Milan, engraver and designer ; 
1700* B.D. 

Abbiatis, P. M. , engraver b. 

Abbis, James, sheriff of London ; 1800 d. 

Abbon, or Abbo (Ic Courbc), French monk and poet ; 
d. 923 c.R.D. 

Abbon, o?' Abbo (^66o Floriaccyisis), French abbe, his- 
torian, and mathematician ; 945—1004 c.R.D. 

Abbondanti, Antonio (Abundantius d'Imola), Italian 
poet and histoi'ian ; 1600* D. 

Abbondanza, Vincenzio, Ital. hist. ; ISth cent. D.u. 

Abbot, AbicI, American divine; 1770—1828 r.a.c. 



ABB 



ABD 



Atobot, Austin, American authoi- ; 1831 a. 

Atotoot, Benjamin, American scholar ; 17G2 — 1849 A.e. 
Abbot, Benjamin, American autlior; b. 1830 a. 

Abbot, Cliarles, tirst Lord Colchester, speaker of the 

House of Commons ; 1757—1829 R.D.e. 

Abbot, Charles, English botanical writer ; d. 1817 
Abbot, George, bishop of Lichfield 1609, London IfilO, 

archbishop of Canterbury 1611; 1562 — 1633 h.d.l.Vf. 
Abbot, George, English theologian ; 1604—1618 o.R. 
Abbot, Henry, English divine ; 1724 
Abbot, Hull, American minister ; 1694 — 1774 A. 

Abbot, J., English etcher ; 1767 B. 

Abbot, John, American linguist ; 1759 — 1843 A. 

Abbot, John, English naturalist ; 1797 
Abbot, John Emeiy, American divine ; 1793—1819 A. 
Abbot, John S. C, American author; /;. 1805 e. 

Abbot, Lemuel, Eng. port, painter; 1762—1803 B.B.D. 
Abbot, Mordecai ; d. 1699 

Abbot, Sir Morris, director of the East India Com- 
pany, lord mayor of London, 1638 ; d. 1640 C.E.U. 
Abbot, Eobert, bp. of Salisbury; 1560—1618 C.R.dJ. 
Abbot, Robert, English Pui'itan divine ; d. 1662 
Abbot, Samuel, American philant. ; 1732—1812 e.A. 
Abbot, Samuel, American inventor; 1786 — 1839 e.A. 
Abbot, Thomas Eastock, English poet ; 1814 
Abbot, AVilliam, English comedian ; d. 1843 
Abbott, Charles, first Lord Tenterden, lord chief- 
justice of England ; 1762-1832 R.D./. 
Abbott, Ch. , English div. , bot, , and author ; d. 1817 
Abbott, Jacob, American author; b. 1803 e.M. 
Abbott, John, American author ; b. 1806 a.M. 
Abbott, Lyman, Amei-ican author ; 6. 1835 a. 
Abbt, Thomas, German litterateur, mathematician, 

and philosopher ; 1738—1766 c.b.d. 

Abcar, Mohammedan doctor ; 16th cent. E. 

Abdallah, governor of Egypt ; 644 
Abdallah, viceroy of Spain ; 714 

Abdallah, found, of the dynasty of Abbas ; d. 755 R. D. 
Abdallah, caliph in Spain, 888 ; d. 912 
Abdallah, last sheik of the Wahabites ; d. 1818 D.R. 
Abdallah Abu Mohammed, emperor of the Abno- 

hades in Africa and Spain ; d. 1225 R. 

Abdallah Ben Alaftas, Mohammedan governor of 

Badajoz ; 11th cent. B. 

Abdallah Ben Mohammed, Saracen king of Spain ; 

d. 901 B. 

Abdallah-Ben-Yasim, founder of the empire of the 

Almoravides, sultan of Mauritania ; d. 1059 E. U. 
Abdallah-Ben-Zagut, wall of Malaga ; 11th cent. r. 
Abdallah -Ebn-Balkin, Arabian king of Grenada; 

1073 E.D. 

Abdallah-Ebn-Cals-El-Fezary, Mussulman gen. ; 667 B. 
Abdallah-Ebn-Hidjari, Arabian hist. ; 1116—1195 d. 
AbdaUah - Ebn - Mohammed - Al - Azdi (A houl- Walls), 

Arabian historian ; 962 — 1013 D. 

Abdallah-Ebn-Moslem-Ebn-Koteybah {Mohammed- 

Addinaioari), Arabian historian ; 828-890 D. 

Abdallah-Ebn-Taib-Aboul-Faradi, Ai-abian Cliristian 

physician ; d 1043 D. 

Abdallah El Zagal, last Moorish king of Granada ; 

1464 R. 

Abdallah Ibn Saad, the scribe of Mahomet ; d. 650* R. 
AbdaUah-Ben-Abdel-Mottalib, father of Mahomet; 

545—570 D.u. 

Abdallah-Ben-Zobair, caliph of Mecca and Medina 

(680) ; 617-689 D.u. 

AbdaUatif {Movaffik-Eddin-Abd-el-lathyf), Arabian 

historian and physician ; 1162 — 1231 R.D. 

AbdaUatif, son of Ulec Beg, king of Transaxiana, 

parricide ; d. 1452 R. 

AbdaUatif, last prince of the race of Ghengis Khan ; 

d. 1541 R. 

Abdalmelik, caliph ; d. 705 
Abd-al-RaJiman, Ibn Mohammed Ibn al Aschat, 

Arabian general ; d. 702 D. 

Abdalrahmaji, African prince, native of Timbuctoo ; 

d. 1829 K. 



Abdalrahman Ibn Hussein, Turkish hist. ; 1807 e. 
Abdas, or Audas, bp. of Suza, martyr ; 1410* r.d.U. 
Abd-el-Azyz, second Moorish viceroy of Spain ; d. 

717 u.D. 

Abd-el-Azyz, Malek-el-Mansour, sultan of Egypt 
Abd-el-Azyz, chief of the Wahabites ; rf. 1803 e.d.u. 
Abdel-Cader-Ben-Mohammed, writer on the growth 

of cotfee ; 16th cent. r. 

Abdel-Caher-Abu Beldr, grammarian and philologist ; 

11th cent. B. 

Abd-el-Hakk-Ebn-Ghalib, Arabian theologian and 

poet; 1088—1152 d. 

Abd-el-Hamid, French traveller; h. 1812 F. 

Abd-el-Kader, Sidi el Hadji Ouled Mahiddin. Arabian 

emir and warrior ; 6.1807 d.M. 

Abd-el-Kadir-Ghllani, Persian scholar and doctor; 

d. 1165 D. 

Abd - el - Kadir - Ben - Mohammed, Arabian writer ; 

1570* D.R.U. 

Abd-el-Melek, fifth caliph of Damascus, of the house 
of Omeya ; d. 742 r.d. 

Abd-el-Melek, sultan of Morocco ; d. 1578 d. 

Abd-el-Melek I., sultan of Khorassan; d. 961 D.E.U. 

Abd-el-Melek II., 998 ; d. 999 d.r.u. 

Abd-el-Melek-Ben-Hischam-el-Himyari, Arabian his- 
torian and poet ; d. 833 d, 

Abd-el-Melek-Ben-Merouan, caliph of Damascus; 
685 D.u. 

Abd-el-Melek-Ebn-Halib-AssoIami, Arabian writer ; 
801—854 D. 

Abd-el-Melek-Ben-Koreyb-AlbaheU, Al-Asmai, Ara- 
bian savant ; 740 — 822 d. 

Abd-el-Melek-Ben-Omar, vizier ; 718—788 d.u. 

Abd-el-Melek-Ben-Salah, governor of Egypt r. 

Abd-el-Melek-Ebn-Mohammed, Arabian historian ; 
1170"^ D. 

Abd-el-Melek-Ebn-Mohammed, Abou - Mansourath - 
thalebi, Persian writer ; 961 — 1037 D. 

Abd-el-Moumen, Abou-Mohammed, founder of the 
dynasty of the Almohades ; 1101 — 1163 E.D. 

Abd-el-Mottalib, grandfather and tutor of Mahomet; 
497-579 D.u. 

Abd-er-Rahman, emperor of Morocco and Fez ; b. 
1778 D.F. 

Abd - er - Eahman - Ben - Hossain, Arabian historian ; 
1760*— 1820 D.u. 

Abd-er-Raman, African prince ; b. 1750* D.u. 

Abderrahman I. {Abou-Motrif-el-Safar),^mg of Spain, 
of the house of Omeya ; 731—787 D.U. 

Abderrahman II., fourth Ommiade king of Spain; 
788—8.52 D.u. 

Abderrahman III. (An-Nasnir-Ledim-Allah), Ommi- 
ade king of Spain ; 891 — 961 D.U. 

Abderrahman IV., caliph of Spain ; 1021 

Abderrahman V., Ben Hixen ; d. 1023 

Abd-er-Rahman-Ben-AbdaUah-al-Gafaki, emir of 
Spain; d. 732 D.u. 

Abderrahman-Ben-Caba, Arabian viceroy of Spain ; 
8th cent. R. 

Abd-er-Rahman, Ibn - Mohammed, Ibn - al - Aschat, 
Arabian general ; d. 702* D.U. 

Abdel-Rezzak, sultan, founder of the dynasty of the 
Sarbedarians ; d. 1340 D.U. 

Abd-er-Rezzak (Kemal-Eddin) , Persian historian and 
traveller; 1413—1471 D.U. 

Abd-el-Wahab, founder of the sect of Wahabites; 
1692—1787 u. 

Abdjesus, St, bp. of Cascar, in Chaldcea, and martyr E. 

Abdias-Ben-Schalom, Jewish scliolar ; 7th cent. D.z. 

Abdiesus, martyr ; 4th cent. D.U. 

Abdolonymus, king of Sidon ; 4th cent. B.C. R.X. 

Abdon, judge of Israel ; B.C. 1164* D.H. 

Abdon, St, Persian Christian martyr ; 250 E.D. 

Abdul-Amed, sultan of Turkey (1774) ; 1725-1789 r.d. 

Abdul Amed Bey {le Courct), French trav.; b. 1812 d. 

Abdul-Aziz, sultan of Turkey ; b. 1830 

Abdul-Kerym, Persian historian ; 1738* D.U. 



ABD 



ABG 



AbdiU-Medjid, emp. of Turkey, 1839 ; b. 1822 d.f. 
Abdul-Medj id-Eton- AMoun, Arabian poet ; 1085* d.u. 
Atodul-Raliliyin (Kham-Khanan), Mongolian -writer 

and diplomatist ; 1555 — 1627 D.U. 

Abdy, Edward Strutt, English physician ; d. 184G 
Atody, James, English Puritan divine ; d. 1673 
Abdy, Mira, English authoress; b. 1818* M.F. 

Abdy, Sir Robert ; d. 1748 
Abdy, Stotherd, English divine ; d. 1773 
Abdy, William James, English divine ; d. 1823 
A'Beckett, Gilbert Abbot, English comic writer and 

magistrate ; 1811 — 185G F. 

A'Beckett, Thomas. See Beckett. 
A'Beckett, Sir William, attorney-general of New 

South Wales ; h. 1806 M. 

Abedechalas, bp. of Seleueia, martyr ; 4tli cent. D.u. 
Abeel, David, Amer. mission, to China; 1806 — 1846 A. 
Abeel, John Nelson, Amer. preacher; 1770—1812 a. 
Abeel, Vander James, Eng. Jes. author ; 1659—1698 R. 
Abegg, Bruno-Erhard, German jurist ; 1803—1848 D. 
Abegg-, Julius-Friedrich-Heinrich, German jurist and 

writer; b. 1796 D.F. 

Abeille, French dramatic author ; 1712 D.U. 

Abeille, Gaspard, French abbot, poet, and dramatist ; 

1648—1718 C.R.D.u. 

AbeiUe, Jules, French surgeon ; h. 1811 F. 

Abeille, Louis-Paul, French economist and agricvil- 

tural writer; 1719—1807 C.R.D.u. 

AbeiUe, Scipion, Fr. surgeon, 1645*— 1697 c.d.n.u. 
Abeken, Bernard Pv,odolph, German writer ; 6. 1780 F. 
Abel, king of Denmark, 1250 ; d. 1252 r.d. 

Abel, second son of Adam and Eve ; 40th cent. B.C. 
Abel, archbishop of Eheims ; d. 765 
Abel, bishop of St iVndrews ; 1253 k. 

Abel, French artist ; 1650 B. 

Abel, Carl, Bavarian statesman ; 1788-1849* D.F. 
Abel, Carl Friederich, German mus. ; 1725 — 1782 r.d. 
Abel, Charles Frederick, English musician ; d. 1787 
Abel, CLarke, English surgeon, naturalist, and writer ; 

1780—1826 R.f?. 

Abel, Ernst August, German portrait painter ; 1780* 
Abel, Fried. -Godefroi, German phys. ; 1714 — 1794 D.U. 
Abel, Gaspard, German preacher and antiquary ; 

1676—1763 c.D.u. 

Abel, Gottlieb Friederich, Ger. engraver ; b. 1763 C.B. 
Abel, Hans, painter of Frankfort ; 1494* B. 

Abel, Jacob Friederick d', Ger. philos. ; 1751—1829 D. 
Abel, Johann J., Austrian hist, painter ; 1768 — 1S18 D. 
Abel, John, English baron of the exchequer ; 1312 /. 
Abel, John, English merchant ; d. 1569 
Abel, John, English architect ; d. 1694 
Abel, Joseph, German painter ; d. 1818 B. 

Abel, J. E., English musician ; b. 1795 
Abel, Leonard, of Malta, historian ; d. 1605 D. 

Abel, Niels Henrik, Norweg. math.; 1802—1829 r.d.u. 
Abel, Kichard, English goldsmith and die-cutter to 

the Mint ; 1243 
Abel, Thomas, English divine, tutor of Queen Cather- 
ine ; ex. 1540 
Abel de Pujol, Alexandre Denis, French historical 

painter ; 1785 — 1861 b.f. 

Abela, Giovanni Francesco, knight of Malta, archas- 

ologist ; 1582—1655 i.R.c.U. 

Abelin, Johann Philip, German hist. ; d. 1646 D.R.Q.C. 
Abell, Abraham, English antiquary ; d. 1851 
Ataell, John, English musician ; 1688 C.R.D.U. 

Abella, Italian authoress ; 1380 

AbelU, Antoine, French preacher ; 1527 — 1600 D.R.u. 
Abelli, Louis, Fr. theol. and wiit. ; 1603—1691 C. D.R.u. 
Aben Abed, king of Seville ; 1078 
Aben-Beithar, or Ebn-Beithar, Abdallah-Ben- Ahmed, 

Arabian physician and botanist ; d. 1248 D.U. 

Aben-Ezra, Abraham Ben Meir (the Wix^), Spanisli 

rabbi, travel., philos. , and cominen.; 1119 — 1174 CD. 
Aben-Gnefll, Arabian physician ; 12th cent. CD. 

Aben-Hamin, Arabian author D. 

Aben Hud, Moorish king of Spain ; d. 1237 



Aben Humeya, last king of Grenada ; 1520—1568 D.U. 

Aben Melee, Jewish biblical commen.; 17th cent. R.c. 

Aben Omar, vizier of Aben Abed, king of Seville ; 1085 

Aben-Pace, or Ebn-Badjeb, Abon - Bekr - Mohamed- 
Ebn-el-Sayeg, Ai-abian philosopher ; d. 1138 d.r. 

Aben-Ragel, Ali, Arabian astrologer ; 11th cent. D.R. 

Aben-Salero, Pascal, Spanish writer ; 1600 D. 

Aben-Zohar, Andalusian Jewish physician b.o. 

Abenda, Isaac, Spanish Jew. writ, in Eng. ; 17th cent. 

Abendana, Jacob, Spanish Jew, warden of the Syna- 
gogue, London ; d. 16S5 c.D. 

Abendroth, Amedeus - August, German magistrate ; 
1767-1842 D. 

Abents, Leonard, Bavarian artist ; 1580* B. 

Abercorn, James, Earl of ; d. 1617 

Abercom, James Hamilton, Duke of, lord-lieutenant 
of Ireland, 1866 ; 6. 1811 f. 

Abercorn, John James, Marquis of ; d. 1818 

Abercrombie, James, Lord ; 1658 

Abercrombie, James, British general ; d. 1781 

Abercrombie, James, American divine ; 1758—1841 a. 

Abercrombie, James, speaker of the House of Com- 
mons ; 1835 

Abercrombie, John, Eng. metaphys. and m.d. ; d. 1844 

Abercromby, Alexander, Lord, Scottish judge and 
essayist ; 1745—1795 

Abercromby, Christopher, Scottish Jesuit ; 1686 R, 

Abercromby, David, Scottish phys. ; 1620—1695 D.c. 

Abercromby, David, Scottish Jesuit ; 16S0 r. 

Abercromby, George Ralph Abercromby, Baron. 
English statesman ; b. 1838 F. 

Abercromby, James, Baron Dumfermline, English 
statesman ; b. 1776 u. 

Abercromby, John, Scotch Benedictine monk'; 1561 

Abercromby, John, Scotch agriculturist and horti- 
culturist ; 1726 — 1806 r.d. 

Abercromby, Sir John R., English lieutenant-gen- 
eral ; 1774-1817 r. 

Abercromby, Patrick, Scottish hist. ; 1656—1716 c.R. 

Abercromby, Sir Ralph, British gen.; 1738"— 1801 C.R. 

Abercromby, Ralph, Lord Dunfermline, English diplo- 
matist ; &. 1803 M.F. 

Abercromby, Sir Robert, British general, governor of 
Edinburgh castle ; d. 1827 

Abercromby, Robert, Scot. Jes. miss. ; 1533—1613 R. 

Abercromby, Thomas, Scottish Jes. miss. ; d. 1644 R. 

Aberdeen, Alexander, Scotch hydrographer ; 1770 

Aberdeen, Charles, Earl of, English politician ; 1834 

Aberdeen, George, Earl of ; d. 1720 

Aberdeen, George, Earl of ; d. 1801 

Aberdeen, George Hamilton Gordon, Earl of, English 
statesman ; 1784 — 1860 f.d. 

Aberdeen, William, Earl of; d. 1746 

Aberdeen, William, Scotch hydrogi-apher ; 1770 

Aberdour, Alexander, medical writer ; 1791 

Aberegno, Giacomo, Venetian painter ; 1400* B. 

Abergavenny, Lady Frances ; d. 1576 

Abergavenny, George Neville, Lord ; d. 1492 

Abergavenny, George Neville, Lord ; d. 1535 

Abergavenny, Henry Neville, Lord ; d. 1586 or 7 

Abergavenny, William Neville, Earl of, English poli- 
tician ; b. 1792 F. 

Aberli, Johann-Ludwjg, German landscape painter; 
1723-1786 B.D.N, 

AbemetMe, Thomas, Scotch Jesuit ; 1641 

Abernethy, Jolin, bishop of Caithness ; 1624—1638 I: 

Abemethy, John, Irish theologian; 1680—1740 r.w.u. 

Abemethy, John, Eng. sur. and writ. ; 1763—1831 c.r.d. 

Abemethy, Robert, American jihys. ; 1774—1851 a. 

Abemethy, Thomas, Scottisli Jesuit ; 1636 k. 

Abney, Thomas, baron of exchequer, 1740 ; d. 1750 /. 

Aberry, J., etcher ; 1753 b. 

Abershaw, Lewis Jeremiah, Eng. highw.ayman ; d. 1795 

Atoertinelll.Mariotto, Florentine painter; d. 1512* D.N. 

Abesch, Anna Barbara, Swiss painter on glass ; d. 
1750 D. 

Abgarus, king of Osrhoene ; 216 x.H. 



ABG 



ABB 



Abgaxus, Mannus, prince of Edessa; B.C. 57 D.X. 

AWa, or Abijah, king of Judoea, B.C. 957 ; d. 955 D. 
Abiah, one of the sons of Samuel 
Abiatbar, high-priest of the Jew.s ; B.C. 1014 D.U. 
Abibo, martyr ; 4tli cent. D.U. 

Abiclit, Johauu Georg, German orientalist and tlieo- 

logian; 1672—1740 D.R.Q.U. 

Abicot, Nicolas, French surgeon ; d. 1624 D.u. 

Abideniis, or Abydenus, Greek historian U.D.X. 

Abigail, Mdfe of Nabal ; 11th cent. B.C. D. 

Abitm, one of the sons of Aaron 
Abijah, son of Jeroboam, king of Israel 
Abildgaard, Nikolai Abraham, Danish historical 

painter ; 1744—1809 B.g.n.D. 

Abildgaard, Peter Cliristian, Danish physician and 

naturalist ; 1740— 1808 D.u. 

Abilgaard, Soren, Danish naturalist; 1725 — 1791 ii.G. 
AbiUon, Andrea d', French theologian ; 1630* D. 

Abimelech, Israelitish chief ; d. B.C. 1235 D.H. 

Abingdon, Lord, English politician ; 1778 
Abingdon, James, Earl of ; d. 1699 
Abingdon, Montagu, Earl of ; d. 1743 
Abingdon, Montagu Bertie, Earl of, English politi- 
cian ; 6. 1808 P. 
Abingdon, AVllloughby, Earl of ; d. 1762 
Abinger, James Scarlett, Lord, chief baron of the 

exchequer ; d. 1C44 /. 

Abinger, Robert Campbell Scarlett, Lord, English 

politician ; h. 1794 F. 

Abington, Frances, English actress ; 1731—1815 c.D.u. 
Abington, Thomas, English antiq. ; 1560—1647 W.D.u. 
Abington, "William, Eng. dram, writ.; 1605—1659 CD. 
Abington, William James Achilles, English actor ; 

d. 1848 
Abion, son of Aaron ; d. B.C. 1490 
Abiosi, Giovanni, Ital. phys. andmathem.; 1494 D.c. 
Abiram, son of Hilel, restorer of Jericho; B.C. 1313 d. 
Abiron, son of Eeuben, conspirator against Moses 

and Aaron ; d. B. c. 1489 
Abisbal, Hemy O'Donnell, Spanish general of Irish 

descent ; 1770 — 1834 e. 

Abishai, Jewish general under David ; 10th cent. B.C. 
Abishua, high-priest of the Jews ; B.c. 1320 H. 

Abithel, Nicholas, English divine ; d. 1586 q. 

Ablabius, Greek poet ; 4th cent. D. 

Ablancourt, Nicolas -Perrot d', French translator ; 

1606-1664 u.D. 

Ablavius, or Ablabius, Eoman praetorian prsefect, 

murdered by Constans B.C. 350 D.X. 

Ablavius, consul of Rome ; d. 338 D.u. 

Able, Thomas, Eng. divine and writer ; d. 1540 R.C.e. 
Ablecimof, Alexander, Russian writer ; h. 1784 D. 
Ableson, John, English naval officer ; d. 1665 R. 

Abner (Alfonso el Burqales), Spanish rabbi and con- 

vert:(1295) ; 1270—1346 r.z.d. 

Abner, Jewish general under Saul ; B.C. 1068 U.D. 
Abney, Thomas, English justice of the common pleas, 

1743 ; h. 1669, d. 1746 /. 

Abney, Sir Thomas, English politician, lord mayor of 

London, 1700 ; h. 1639, d. 1722 R.rf. 

Abo, Samuel, king of Hungary, 1041-44 
Aboab, Immanuel, Span. Jewish author ; d. 1629 R. 
Aboab, Isaac, Spanish Jewish author ; d. 1493 R. 

Aboab, Isaac, Portuguese Jewish commentator ; 1609 — 

1093 E. 

Abod-Aztai, Michel, Hungarian savant ; d. 1776 D. 
Abos, Gabriel d', French mariner ; 1698 D.u. 

Abos, Maximilian Frangois d', Fr. mariner; 1698 D.u. 
Abou, or Ab, or Bou, Arabian, Syriac, and Hebrew 

significations for father 
Abou Ayub, or Subeiman, Arabian historian ; d. 909 
Abou-Bekr, first caliph of Mecca ; 573—634 D.u. 

Abou-Bekr-Mansour-Seiffeddyn, sultan of Egypt; 1341 
Abou, Bekir, ameer of Lamtuna ; 1069 
Abou-Hanifah-Ben-Thabet, El-Nouman, chief of the 

Hanefites; 699—767 U.D.c. 

Abou, Jusef, king of the Merines ; ci. ^9,85 



Abou-Mansour, Yaya-ben- Ali-ben-Aby-Mansour, Ara- 
bian astronomer ; h. 855 u.D. 

Abou, Nokta (the Wahahy), Turkish bandit ; d. 1809 

Abou-Obaid-al-Bekri, Arabian geographer and histo- 
rian ; 1040—1094 d.u. 

Abou-Obaid-al-Cacem-Ben-SaUam, Arabian littera- 
teur ; d. 838 D.u. 

Abou Said, king of Granada ; d. 1362 

Abou-Said-Mirza, sov. of Tartarv ; 1427—1469 D.u. 

Abou-Tacbefyn, Abd-el-Rahacan-ben-Mouca, sultan 
of Tlemsen ; 1318 u.D. 

Abou-Taleb-al-Hoceiny, Persian writer ; 1590* u.D. 

Abou-Taleb-Khan, Mirza, In dian trav. ; 1752 -1806 u. D. 

Aboul-Ala, Arabian poet ; 975—10.57 u.D. 

Aboul-Cacem, Turkish general ; 11th cent. u.D. 

Aboul-Cacim, Tarif-Ibn-Tarik, Arabian author u.D. 

Aboul Faraji All, historian of the Omeyan caliphs : 
d. 967 

Aboul Faradje (Barhebrce^is), Arabian historian and 
doctor; 1226—1286 d.u. 

Aboul-Fatb-Abmed, sultan of Egypt ; 1461 u. 

Aboul-Fazl, Mogul vizier and liistorian ; d. 1608 u.D. 

Aboxil-Ghazy-Behader, Tartar historian and khan ; 
1605—1660 D.u. 

Aboul-Hacan, Ali, astron. of Morocco : 13th cent. D.u. 

Aboul-Hacan-Kban, Mirza, Persian diplomatist and 
traveller; 1774-1828 D.u. 

Aboul Feda Ismail, prince of Hamah, Arabian histo- 
rian ; d. 1331 

AboiU Hassan, king of Granada ; 1466 

Aboul Katur, or Husam, Saracen commander in Spain ; 
743 

Aboul-Mahacen Ben Tajhry Berdy, Arabian histo- 
rian ; d. 1258 D.U. 

Aboul-Nasr-Djianba-lath, sultan of Egypt, 1453; 
d. 1501 u. 

Aboul-Nasr-Inal, sultan of Egypt, 1453 ; d. 1461 u. 

Aboul-Sooud, Arabian poet ; 6. 1828 F. 

Aboul -Wefa-al-Bouzdjani, Arabian mathematician 
and astronomer ; 939 — 998 u.R.D. 

Abousaid-Balbal, sultan of Eg\'pt ; 1467 

Abousaid-Kansou, sultan of Egypt, 1498 ; d. 1499 

Abousaid-Khoscbkadam, sultan of Egypt ; d. 1467 

Abousaid-Tamarboga, sultan of Egypt ; 1467 

Aboussaadat-Mohammed, sultan of Egypt, 1496; 
d. 1498 

Abou Taher, Carmathian leader ; 929 

About, Edmond Fr. Valentin, French writ. ; b. 1828 M. 

AboviUe, Auguste Gab., French gen. ; 1773—1820 d.f. 

Aboville, Auguste Marie, French general ; b. 1776 F.D. 

Abovllle, Francis Marie, Comte d', French general; 
1730—1819 F.D. 

Abra de Kaconis, or Raconisius, Charles Frangois d', 
French theologian ; 1580—1646 u.D. 

Abraames, St, bp. of Carres in Mesopotamia ; d. 422 R. 

Abraamius, St, bp. of Arbela, martyr ; d. 348 R. 

Abrabanel, or Abarbanel, Isaac, Portuguese Jewish 
author and statesman ; 1437 — 1508 C.E.z.D.U. 

Abrabanel Judab. (tkeHebrezv Lion), Jewish ijhysician, 
philosopher, and author ; 1525* R. 

Abradatas, king of Susa ; B.C. 540 b.d.x. 

Abrabali, king of Yemen and Ethiopia ; 6th cent. R. u. 

Abraham, Jewish patriarch ; B.C. 2130—1955 

Abraham, St, monk of Mesopotamia ; 4th cent. D.R. 

Abraham, or Abrames, St, monk of Syria, apostle of 
mount Liban; d. 472 D.U. 

Abraham, bishop of Dunblane ; 1220 K. 

Abraham, bishop of St Asaph, 1225 ; d. 1233 d.l. 

Abraham, emperor of the Moors ; 12th cent. D.U. 

Abraham II. and III., two pontiiis of Armenia ; 18th 
cent. R. 

Abraham of Barcelona, rabbi and author ; 13th cent. r. 

Abraham of Cordova, apostate from Christianity to 
Judaism, author ; 17th cent. R. 

Abraham, son of Judah, Jewish eccles. and author E.. 

Abraham, Portuguese Jewish translator of the Bible ; 
16th cent. B.z. 



ABB, 



6 



ACC 



Abraham, A Sancta Clara, Eoman Catholic preacher 
of Vienna ; 1642— 1709 E.D. 

Abraham- Akra, Ben Salomon, rabbi and commentator; 
14th cent. D.z.o. 

Abraham, Bar-chasdai, Hallevi, chief rabbi of Barce- 
lona; 1190* R.z. 
Abraham-Ben-Asser, rabbi of Japhet r d. 
Abraham-Ben-Chanania-Jaghel, Italian rabbi, pro- 
selyte to Christianity ; d. 1G25 E.Z.o. 
Abraham-Ben David of Ostra, Jewish author e.z. 
Abraham-Ben-Dior, or Daur (the Lcvite), Spanish 
rabbi and avithor ; d. IICG or 80 E.z. 
Abraham-Ben-Dior [the Levite), Spanish rabbi and 
author; d. 1198 or 9 D.K. 
Abraham, Ben-Meir de Balmis, Italian rabbi; d. 
1522 or 3 D.Z. 
Abraham, Ben Sabatai Cohen, Heb. poet ; b. 1670 E.o. 
Abraham, Ben Samuel Zacut, Spanish Jewish astrono- 
mer and writer ; 1492 E.O. 
Abraham-Dubois, French magistrate ; b. 1792 v. 
Abraham (Horwitz), Jewish author E.z. 
Abraham [Judicus Tortuoscnsis), Jewish physician ; 
13th cent. U.D. 
Abraham, Usque or Oshki, Portuguese Jew, trans- 
lator of the Bible ; 6th cent. C.D.z. 
Abraham, or Ibrahim, chief of the Abrahamites ; 9tli 
cent. D.u. 
Abraham, or Seba-Sabaa, Portus;. rabbi ; d. 1500 z.e. 
Abraham, Charles John, bp. of Wellington ; h. 1815 jr. 
Abraham, AVilliand, sheriff of London ; 1447 d. 
Abrahams, Niels Clir. , Danish archDeologist ; b. 1798 F. 
Abrahamsen, Isaac, FJemish author ; 1663—1714 E. 
Abrahamson, Petrus, Swedish jurist ; 18th cent. E. 
Abrail, Andre Joseph, Comte, French magistrate ; 
1750—1828 D.E. 
Abram, Nicolas, Fr. Jesuit scholar; 1589—1655 r.d. 
Abramson, Abraham, Germ. medaUist ; 1754—1811 e. 
Abranches, Alvaro d', Portuguese general ; 1640 E. 
Abrantes, Don Jose, Sa Almeidae IMenezes, IMarquis 
d', Portuguese diplomatist ; 1784-1827 u.E. 
Abrantes, Laurette Junot, Ducliess d', author- 
ess ; 1784—1838 
Abreb, Nicolas, Polish poet ; 1540 — IGOO D. 
Abresch, Friederich Ludwig, German philologer ; 
1699—1782 _ U.D. 
Abren, Alexis, Portuguese physician ; (^.1630 E.D.«, 
Abren, Joam Manuel, Portuguese mathematician ; 
1754—1815 E.i).u. 
Abren, Josef Antonio, Spanisli publicist ; d. 1775 E.D. 
Abriani, Pablo, Italian Carmelite, translator and 
preacher ; 1607—1699 E.T.C. 
Abril, Bartolome, Spanish sculptor ; 17th cent. D. 
Abril, Juan Alfonso, Spanish painter ; 1650* B.D. 
Abril, Pedro Simon, Span. gram. ; 1530* — 1590 E.e.q. 
Abrilola, Arabian poet ; 973—1057 
Abrizzi, Teotochi Isabella, Ital. authoress; 18th cent. 
Abrosi, Italian physician and astrologer ; 16th cent. 
Abruzzi, Italian landscape painter ; 18th cent. 
Abruzzo, Baldassare, Sicilian philosopher; 1601 — 1665 
Absalom, archbishop of Lund, and primate of the 
north (Denmark) ; 1128—1191 E.D. 
Absalon, abbot of St Victor, Paris ; 1350*— 1203 D.U. 
Abschatz, Johann Asgmann, Baron d', German poet ; 
1646—1699 D. 
Abshoven of Antwerp, artist ; b. 1648*, d. 1665* b. 
Absimarus, Tiberius, emp. of Constantinople ; 698 D. 
Absolon, John, English painter ; b. 1815 B. 
Abstemius, Liiureutius, Ital. author ; 15th cent. c.D.r. 
Abtalon-Ben-Salomon, Italian rabbi ; 1540 d.o. 
Abu Moslem, chief of the Abbassides ; d. 755 E. 
Abu Nowas, Abu-Ali-Al-Hassan, Ai-abian poet ; 8th 
cent. R- 
Abu Sahal, Arabian physician _ R. 
Abu Said Ben Abul Hosein, Arabian translator of the 
Bildo E. 
Abu Thaher, prince of the Carmats ; 013 R. 
Abucara, Theodor, bishop of Haran ; 770 C.U.D. 



Abudacnus, Joseph, Arabian Jesuit and orientalist ; 

17th cent. D.O.o. 

Abulmelic, king of Miu-cia ; 1224 
Abulola, Moorish king of Spain ; d. 1232 
Abul Walid, king of Granada ; d. 1325 
Abundance, Jehan, Fr. poet ; d. 1540 or 44 c.d.e.u. 
Abundantis, consul of Kome ; 393 H. 

Abyndon, Rich., Eng. baron of the exchequer ; 1307 /. 
Abjmgdone, Stephen, lord mayor of London ; 1315 6. 
Abzac, Baymoud de Vandiere de Vitrac, Vicomte d', 

French agriculturalist ; b. 1800 F. 

Acacius,patriarchof Constantinople, 471; c?. 489 CD. 
Acacius, bishop of Omida ; 420 c.D.E. 

AdduCms (Monophthalmus), h-p. of Cresarea: d. 366* D.E. 
Acacius, bishop of Perea, Syria ; 322—432 D. 

Academus, or Hecademus, Gk. public benefactor d.e. 
Acamapixtili, first king of the Aztecs, Mexico; d. 

1389* U.D. 

Acaraas, son of Theseus and Phaedra (mythical) x.D. 
Acaml, Giacomo, Italian numismatist ; 18tli cent. D. 
Acamapichtli, fiist king of Tenochtillam or Mexico ; 

d. 1420 D.u.R. 

Acanthius, Georg, German philologist ; 16th cent. D. 
Acarie, Jean-Pierre, French councillor; d. 1613 D.U. 
Acarq, d', French grammarian ; 1720*— 1795* E.D. 
Acca, wife of Ethelfrid; 588 

Acca, bishop of Exham, 709-23 ; d. 740 R.C.D. 

Accama, Matthew, Dutch hist, paint. ; 1702—1783 B. 
Accama, Bern., Dutch port. ]winter ; d. 1756 B.D.N. 
Accarias of Serrione, Jos., French joublicist ; 1709— 

1792 U. 

Accarigi, Francesco, Italian jurist ; d. 1622 
Accarigi, Giacomo, Italian rhetorician ; d. 1654 
Accarisi, Alberto, Italian gram. ; 16th cent. c.R.D.U. 
Accarisi, Franc, Ital. jurist; d. 1612 or 22 c.d.r.T. 
Accarisi, Jacopo, Italian jurist and writer ; 1627— 

1654 CD. 

Accarisio, Nicopolitano, Italian engineer ; 1650* D. 
Accenti, N., Eoumanian patriot; b. 1822 F. 

Accer, Cesare Antonio, Ital. landscape painter: 1609 B. 
Accetto, Reginaldo, Italian litterateur; d. 1590 D.U. 
Acchillino, Bolognese painter ; 1324 B. 

Acciajuoli, Angelo, cardinal archbishop of Florence, 

legate; c<.'1407 D.u. 

Acciajuoli, Antonio, duke of Athens ; d. 1435 
AcciajuoU, Dcnato, gonfaloniere of Florence, hellenist, 

and scholar; 1428—1478 CD.R.U. 

Acciajuoli, Filippo, Italian poet and music composer ; 

1637—1700 D.U. 

Acciajuoli, Neno, governor of Corinth ; d. 1394 
Acciajuoli, Nic, seneschal of Naples; 1310—1366 E.D. 
Acciajuoli, Eeinier, duke of Athens ; 1420 E.D. 

Acciajuoli Salvetti, Madelena, Italian poetess ; d. 

1610 T.E.D.U. 

Acciajuoli, Zenobio, or Zuesbio, Italian Dominican, lib- 
rarian of the Vatican ; 1451—1519 C.D.E.U. 

Accien, Baghy-Syan, emir of Antioch ; 1097 U.D. 

Accio Zucco (Da ISumma Cavvpayna), Italian poet ; 
15th cent. CR. 

Accioli, Juan de Cerqueira e Sylva, Brazilian historian 
and geographer ; 1700 D. 

Accios, Zucco, Italian poet ; 16th cent. D. 

Accius, Cwsar A., engraver ; 1609 B. 

Accius, 0?' Attius, Luc, Lat. tragic poet ; b. B.C. 70 E.x. 

Accius, Naivius, lioman augur under Tarquin the 
Elder ; 6th cent. B.C. R. 

Accius, T., Roman orator ; 1st cent. B.C. x. 

Accolti, Benedetto, Italian jurist and historian ; 
1415—1466 _ C.D.E. 

Accolti, Benedetto, cardinal of Ravenna, Latin poet ; 
1497—1549 R. 

Accolti, Ben., conspirator again.«t Pius IV.; ex. 1564 

Accolti, Bernardo (Unico Aretino), Italian poet ; 16th 
cent. C.R.D. 

Accolti, Fran., Italian jurist and philologist ; 1418 — 
1483 CR. 

Accolti, Pietro, cardinal of Ancona; 1445—1532 C.K.I. 



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Accoramtoona, Vittoria, duchess of Bracciano, Italian 

poetess; ICth cent. U.D. 

Accoramboni, Fabio, Italian jurist ; 1502 — 1559D.I.U. 
Accoramboni, Felice, Italian physician and hellenist ; 

1585 C.D.U. 

Accoramboni, Geronimo, Italian physician and writer; 

1407—1537 C.D.U. 

Accorso, Buono, Italian philosopher ; 1480 i.D. 

Accorso, Cervot, Italian jurist ; 14th cent. R.D. 

Accorso, Francesco, Italian jurist; 1182—1229 C.k.i. 
Accorso, Francesco, Italian jurist ; 122.5 — 1293 D.i. 
Accorso, Francesco, Italian jurist ; d. 1328 R.i.C. 

Accorso, Mariangelo, Italian antiquary, philologist, 

and critic; 6. 1490 C.E.i. 

Accum, Friederich, Germ, chemist ; 1769 — 1838 u.D. 
Accursio das Neves, Josef, Portuguese economist D. 
Acebedo, Don Manuel, Span, painter ; 1744—1800 B.D. 
Acencberes, kiug of Egypt ; B.C. 1549 h. 

Acepsimas, St, bishop of Honita, in Assyria R. 

Acerbi, Emilio, Italian philosopher and theologian ; 

1562—1625 D. 

Acerbi, Enrico, Italian physician ; 1785—1827 C.D.U. 
Acerbi, Guiseppe, Italian traveller ; 1773— 184G D. 
Acemus, or Klonowicz, Sebastian Fabian, Polish 

Latin poet; 1551— 1608 CD. 

Acesas, Greek embroiderer ; 5th cent. (?) B.C. D.R.X. 
Acesius, bishop of Constantinople ; 325 R.D. 

Acestor, Greek sculptor; B.C. 428 u.b.x. 

Acestor, Greek tragic poet ; 5tli cent. B.C. R.x. 

Acestorides, Greek mythographer X. D. 

Acetos, Tommaso, Italian antiquary ; h. 1687 D. 

Acevedo, Alonzo-Maria de, Spanish jurist; 1770 D.R. 
Acevedo, Cristobal de, Span. hist, painter; 1585 B.D. 
Acevedo, Felix-Alvarez, Spanish insurgent leader ; d. 

1820 u.D. 

Acfred, ct. d'Auvergne and dk. of Aquitaiae ; d. 928 
Acfred I., count of Carcassone ; d. 901 
Acfred, II. ; d. 924 

Acb, Van, historical painter ; 1566 — 1621 
Acba, Maimoun-Ben-Cais, Arabian poet ; 7th cent. R. 
Achsemenes, gov. of Egypt, B.C. 484 ; d. 462 d.r.x. 
Acbseus, Greek tragic poet ; h. B.C. 484 U.x. 

Acbaeus, governor of Asia Minor ; d. B.C. 215 X. 

Achaius, king of the Scots, 788-819 ; d. 819 D.r.u. 
Acbaintre, Nicolas-Louis, French hellenist and philo- 
logist ; 1771—1830 _ D. 
Acban, a Jew, stoned to death ; B.C. 1451 
Acliard, Adolphe, French actor and singer ; h. 1808 D. 
Acbard, Alexis Jean, French landscai^e painter ; h. 

1807 _ B.F. 

Acbard, Antoine, Swiss Protestant minister and 

writer; 1096—1772 C.R.D. 

Acliard, Claude Franciois, Fr. phys., sec. , and librarian 

to the Marseilles Academy ; 175"3 — ISOt) r.d.c. 

Acbard, Francois, Swiss councillor at the Prussian 

court; 1708—1782 C.D.U. 

Achard, Fran9ois, French author ; 18th cent. R. 

Acbard, Frederic Adolphe, French actor and comic 

singer ; 6. 1808 F. 

Acbard, Friedrich-Caii, German naturalist, chemist, 

and writer ; 1753— 1821 d.r.u. 

Acbard, Jacques Michel Francois, Baron, French 

general ; h. 1778 f. 

Acbard, Louis Amedee Eugene, Fr. novelist; h. 1814 F. 
Acbard, de St Victor, bp. of Avranches ; fZ. 1171 d.r. 
Acbards, Eleazar Francis de la Baume des, bishop of 

Halicarnassus, and missionary to Cochin China ; 

1679—1741 C.R.D. 

Acharius, Erik, Swedishbotanist and physician; 1757 — 

1819 E.D. 

Acbary, or Asbari, founder of the sect of Acharians ; 

873 or 83— 930 D.R. 

Acbates, Leonard, Swiss printer ; 1472 D. 

Ache, Count d', French vice-admiral ; 1716 — 1775 D.F. 
Acbeas, prince of Thessaly ; 14th cent. B.C. D. 

Acbeley, Roger, lord mayor ; 1511 d. 

Acben, Arnold van, Flemish engraver ; 18th cent. b. 



Achen, Johann van, Ger. painter ; 1556—1621 c.D.B.U. 
Acbenbacb, Andreas, German painter; h. 1815 B.F. 
Acbenwald, Godfried, German economist and statis- 
tician ; 1719 — 1772 C.R.D. 
Acber, N., French judge and author ; d. 1807 
Acberley, Roger, English lawyer ; 1729 CD. 
Acberres, king of Egypt ; b.c. 1512 h. 
Acbery, Jean-Luc d', French Benedictine and savant ; 

1609—1685 c.u.D. 

Achillas, Greek general, murderer of Pompey the 

Great; d. B.C. 47 D.R.X. 

Acbilles, Homeric hero HX.D. 

Achilles, Alexander, German savant and diplomatist ; 

1584—1675 R.D.C 

Acbilles, Esta90, Portuguese i)hilologist ; d. 1581 D. 
AchiUes Tatius, Gk. poet and astron. ; 3d cent. R.D.U. 
Acbilleus, Lucius-Elpidius, Roman general, and em- 

I^eror of Alexandria, 292 ; d. 297 d. 

Acbilli, Giovanni Giacinto, Italian Dominican, convert 

to Christianity ; h. 1800 m. 

Achillini, Alessandro, Italian professor of philosophy 

and medicine ; 1463 — 1512 c.D.R. 

Achillini, Claudio, Italian poet and jurist ; 1574 — 

1640 C.R.T. 

Acbillini, Gianfiloteo, Italian poet and philosopher ; 
1468—1538 CR.i. 

Acbimelecb, high-priest of the Jews ; B.C. 1061 

Achior, chief of the Ammonites ; B.C. 620 D. 

Achisb, king of Gath ; 11th cent. B.C. D. 

Acbmet. See Ahmed. 

Achmet, dey of Algiers, 1 805-8 E. 

Acbmet, eldest son of Bajazet II. ; d. 1512 b. 

Acbmet, general under Solyman, ex. for rebellion 

Acbmet, Ben Seiriur, Ai'abian writer on the interpre- 
tation of dreams ; 9th cent. B. 

Achmet-Besmi-Eflfendi, Turkish statesman and diplo- 
matist ; d. 1788* R.D. 

Achmet-Giedick, Turkish grand-vizier and warrior ; 
1430*— 1482* D.R. 

Acbmet-Pacha, Turkish general ; d. 1522 u.D. 

.4.chmet-Pacba, Ottoman grand-vizier ; tx. 1554 

Acbolius, bishop of Thessalonica ; 380 H. 

Achoris, king of Egypt ; B.C. 1.537 H. 

Achoris, king of Egypt ; B.C. 389 H. 

Acbrelius, Daniel, Swedish cosmographer ; 1670* CD. 

Achrelius, Eric-Daniel, Swedish physician and astrolo- 
ger ; 1604—1670 CD. 

Achter, Ulricli, Bavarian musician ; 1777—1803 

Achterfeld, Johann Heini-ich, German Catholic theo- 
logian ; h. 1788 F.e.D. 

Achtermann, AVilhelm, German sculptor ; h. 1799 

Acbtschelling, Lukas, Flemish painter ; 1570—1631 

B.R.D. 

Acicboriiis, a leader of the Gauls ; B.C. 280 h.x. 

Acidalius, Valens, German critic and philologist ; 
1.567—1595 CD.R. 

Acidinius, L. Manlius, Roman general ; B.C. 210 H.X. 

Acidinus, Fulvianus, pribtor, B.C. 188, consul of 
Rome, 179 H.X. 

Acier, Michel-Victor, French sculptor ;_ 1736—1799 D. 

Aciey. See Acier. 

Acilius, Roman officer; hurnt B.C. 19 

Acilius, Aviola, consul of Rome ; 54 H, 

Acilius, Caius, Roman soldier ; 1st cent. 

Acilius-Glabrio, Manius, consul of Rome; B.C. 191 X.U. 

Acilius-Glabrio, Roman consul ; 91 H.R.D. 

Aeindymus, Septimus, Roman governor of Antioch ; 
4th cent. H. 

Acindynus, Gregoiy, Greek monk and writer; 14th 
cent. U.D. 

Acind3mus, Septimus, consul of Rome ; 340 D.R.U. 

Acinelli, N. , Italian historian ; 1730* ^ D. 

Ack, Jean, Flemish painter upon glass ; 1550* D. 

Acker, Franz-Heinrich, German savant ; 1700 G.D.U. 

Acker, Peter, painter upon glass ; 15th cent. 

Ackermann, Konrad Ernst, German comedian; 1710— 
1771 e-D.R. 



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Acliermann, Johann-Christian-Gottlieb, German M.D. 

and savant ; 1756—1801 c.D.u.u. 

Ackermann, Rudolph, German manufacturer and 

publicist; 1764 — 1834 CD. 

Ackermami, Sophie Charlotte, German actress ; 1714— 

1792 €. 

Ackersdyck, Cornelius, -writer on logic ; 1666 
Ackland, John D., British commander in America; 

1777 e.A.R. 

Ackman, William, Scotch artist ; 18th cent. 
Ackner, N., Hung, scholar and archseol. ; h. 1782 f.d. 
Ackworth, George, English theologian ; 1577 c.D.E. 
Acland, Anthony, English Jesuit ; d. 1626 E. 

Acland, Heniy Wentworth, F.R.S., English physician; 

h. 1815 M. 

Acland, Sir Thos. Dyke, Eng. politician ; 6. 1787 F. 
Aclogue, Andre-Arnoult, French manufacturer and 

representative ; d. 1810 F.D. 

Acloque de Saint Andre, Andre, French officer of the 

national guard ; 1814 F.D. 

Acme, Jewish lady in the service of Livia, wife of 

Augustus Cffisar 
Acolutb, Andreas, German theologian and orientalist ; 

1654-1704 Q.E.C. 

Acomat, prince of Esdavonia D.U. 

Aconcio, or Aconzio, Giacomo, Italian theologian and 

philosopher; 1492—1566 D.E.C. 

Aconz-Koever, Stefan, archbishop of Sunia, Armenia ; 

1740—1824 D, 

Acoris, king of Egypt, B.C. 386 ; d. 374 D.u. 

Acosta, Christophe, Portuguese surgeon, botanist, 

and theologian ; d. 1580 e.k.u.d. 

Acosta, Gabriel, Portuguese theolog. ; d. 1616 e.d.u. 
Acosta, Joam, editor and proiirietor of the Calcutta 

Times; 1775 K. 

Acosta, Joaq., American col. of engineers ; 1840 D.F. 
Acosta.Josef, Span. Jesuit and hist. ; 1540 — 1599 C.D.E. 
Acosta, Manuel, Portuguese Jesuit ; 1541 — 1604 e.d. 
Acosta, Uriel (/mWs to), religious prosel. ; d. 1647 e.d. 
Acqua, Christofano dell', Ital. engraver ; 18th cent. D. 
Acquarelli, Neapolitan painter ; 1640* B. 

Acquaviva, Andrea-Mat teo, duke of Atria and Teramo, 

commentator of Plutarch; 1456 or 66 — 1520 or 8 
Acquaviva, Belizario, Italian theologian and anti- 
quary ; 15th cent. E.u. 
Acquaviva, Belizario, Neapol. politician ; 16th cent. E. 
Acquaviva, Claudio, Italian theologian, general of the 

Jesuits; 1543—1615 D. 

Acqueville, Ch. -Louis, prior of Acqueville ; 1650* D. 
Acqui, Jacopo d', Ital. Dominican, chronicler; 1320 D. 
Acqulno, .Juveualis d', Piedmontese chronicler ; 1480 D. 
Acquisti, Luigi, Italian sculptor; 1744—1824 n.d. 
Acquitabene, Maestro, of Brescia, painter and de- 
signer of architecture ; 1295 B. 
Acragas, Greek engraver in silver ; B.C. 5th cent. D.X. 
Acrazanes, king of Nineveh, or Assyria; B.C. 860 H. 
Acrel, Olaus orOlof, Swed. surg.; 1717—1807 CD. E.u. 
Acrisius, first king of My cense ; B.C. 1344 H. 
Acron, physician of Agrigentum ; b. B.C. 460* R.D.x. 
Acron, or Aero, Helenius, Greek commentator on 

Horace ; 4th cent. e.d.c. 

Acron, Johann, German theologian"; 1505 — 1635 D.u. 
Acron de Buma, Jan, Dutch poet ; 17th cent. u.D. 
Acronius, Joliannes, German mathematician and phy- 

.sician ; 1520— 1564 K.U. 

Acronius, Iluardus, German theologian ; 1601 D.U. 
Acropolitus, Con stantin, Greek author ; 1300 u.D. 
Acropolitus, George, Greek historian and statesman ; 

1220-1282 c.D.E. 

Acrotatus, son of Cleomenes II., king of Sparta; 4th 

cent. B.C. D.E.X. 

Acrotatus, king of Sparta ; B c 268 X. h. 

Acsencar, Cassim Ed, chief of Atabocs of Mussul ; 

1084 E. 

Acsensar-al-Boursky, Borgel or Borso, governor of 

Mussul, 1114; (/. 1124 n.D. 

Actisanes, king of Ethiopia d.k.x. 



Acto, or Atton, bishop of Vercelli, theologian and 

canonist; 945 r.d. 

Acton, Cha. Jannarius Edw., English Roman Catholic 

bishop and cardinal ; d. 1847 
Acton, Edward, English loyalist ; d. 1659 
Acton, Edwaid, British naval captain ; d. 1707 E. 

Acton, Edward, English surgeon ; d. 1860 
Acton, Henry, English divine ; 1709 
Acton, Henry, English divine ; 1830 
Acton, Jos., prime minis, of Naples ; 1737 — 1808 e.E.D. 
Acton, Samuel, English di-sdne ; 1717 
Acton, Thomas (Dupuy), Eng. Jesuit ; 1662—1721 E. 
Acton, Thomas Herman, English legal reporter ; 1811 
Acton, William, English traveller ; 1691 
Acton, Sir William, sheriff, 1628 ; lord mayor of Lon- 
don, 1640 d. 
Actuarius, John, Greek physician ; 13fch cent.* C.D.u. 
Acuna, Antonio Osorio d', bishop of Zamora, and chief 

of the Spanish insurgents, 1519 ; d. 1521 E.U. 

Acuna, Christoval de, Spanish Jesuit and missionary ; 

1597—1675 CE.D. 

Acuna, Hernando de, Spanish poet and soldier ; d. 

1580 c.e.e.d. 

Acuna, Juan Adarve d', Spanish prelate and writer ; 

16th cent. d. 

Acuna, Nicolas Adarve de, vicar-general of Jaen and 

writer ; 1628 d. 

Acuna, Pedro Bravo de, governor of the Philippines ; 

d. 1600 E.E. 

Acusilaus, Greek historian; 6th cent. B.C. e.d.x. 

Acuto, John (Hawkwood), English condottiere ; 14th 

cent. D.u. 

Aczewicz, Albert Alex. , Polish poet ; 1610—1680 D. 
Ada, queen of Caria; B.C. 334 D.E.X. 

Ada, king of Bernicia ; d. 5G4 
Ada, countess of Holland ; d. 1218* 
Ada-Rar-Ahaba, or AliavaJi, rabbi and astronomer ; 

b. 183 z.o.D. 

Adad, king of Idumsea d. 

Adadurov, Vasil-Eudokimovitch, Russian savant ; 

1709-1780 D. 

Adaus, Greek poet ; B.C. 320 x D. 

Adair, Archibald, bishop of Killala and Achonry 

1630, Waterford 1641 ; d. 1647 c. 

Adair, James, American trader with the Indians ; 

1740 A.R.D. 

Adair, James, recorder of London, 1779, English ser- 
jeant-at-law ; d. 1798 c.R. 

Adair, James Makittrick, Scottish physician and 
medical writer ; 1728— 1802 c.E. 

Adair, John, Scottish hydrographer ; 17th cent. 

Adair, John, American general ; 1758—1840 a. 

Adair, Robert, Scotch surgeon ; 1790 

Adair, Robert, Scotch poet ; d. 1802 

Adair, Sir Robert, English diplomatist ; 1703—1855 

Adair, William, Scotch physician ; d. 1793 

Adair, W. James, English law writer ; 1770 a. 

Adalard, French litterateur and diplomatist, cousin of 
Charlemagne ; 753*— 826 u. 

Adalard, abbot of Corvey ; 797 c. 

Adalaric, duke of Gascony ; d. 812 

Adalberon, archbishop of Rheims, chancellor of France, 
909-88 ; d. 988 ce.d. 

Adalberon, Ascelin, bishop of Laon, i)oet and savant, 
977-10.30; b. 950*, d. 1030 CD.E. 

Adalbert I., marquis de Lucques and duke of Tuscany ; 
847-890 E.D.U. 

Adalbert II., dk. of Tuscany, 890-917 ; d. 917 e.d.u. 

Adalbert III., king of Italy ; 950 E.D.U. 

Adalbert, marquis of Ivrea ; d. 925 d. 

Adalbert, St, archbishop of Magdeburg, Slavonic 
apostle; d. 981 K.U.C. 

Adalbert, archbishop of Bremen ; d. 1072 e.u. 

Adalbert, St, bishop of Prague ; 939—997 CE.D. 

Adalbert, religious imiiostor ; 8th cent. e. 

Adalbert, Heinrich Adalbert, prince of Prussia, 
admu-ai and author ; 6. 1811 F. 



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Adalbertus, Levita, Benedictine ; f 90 
Adalgisa, Lombard prince ; d. 788 D.U. 

Adalliard, abbot of Oorbia ; 753—826 D. 

Adaload, king of the Lombards (616) ; 603-629 D.u. 
Adalric, AtMc, or EtMcon, duo d' Alsace, 662 ; d. 

690 K-D. 

Adam, the first man 

Adam, canon of Bremen, German hist. ; 1037 C.u. 
Adam, bishop of Caithness, 1213 ; d. 1222 . k. 

Adam, abbot and writer ; 1201 D. 

Adam, Carthusian friar in London ; 1330* P. 

Adam de Nortliampton, bishop of Ferus, 1312 or 22 ; 

d. 1346 c. 

Adam, bishop of Moray, 1328 ; d. 1351 /:. 

Adam, bishop of Galloway ; 1359 k. 

Adam, m- Adam Billaut, French cabinet-maker and 

poet; d. 1662 D.u. 

Adam, archbishop of Dublin, lord -justice of Ireland ; 

1599 c- 

Adam, Sieur de Sychar, Fr. geneal. ; 17th cent. D. 
Adam de la Hale, French poet ; d. 1286 D. r. 

Adam de Marisco, English litterateur, bishop of Ely ; 

1257 i-R- 

Adam de Timiingliam, bp. of Aber., 1382 ; d. 1390 k. 
Adam du Petit-Pont, canon of Notre-Dame, Paris, 

bishop of St Asaph, England ; d. 1181 Lc.K.D. 

Adam de Saint-Victcr, French canon ; d. 1177 D. 
Adam of Bury, lord mayor of London, 1364-65 d. 

Adam of Domerham, English monk of Glastonbury 

and writer ; 1272 _ D. 

Adam of Fulda, Franconian monk and writer on 

music ; 15th cent. R. 

Adam of Mirimouth, English chronicler and his- 
torian ; 14th cent. D. 
Adam of Orleton, bp. of Winchester; 1285—1375 D.R. 
Adam von Ambergau, German painter ; 1471 D. 
Adam, Adolphe Ch., Fr. mus. composer ; b. 1803 r.D. 
Adam, Albert, German painter of battle-pieces; 1782 — 

1862 B.C. 

Adam, Albrecht, German painter ; 6. 1786 _ F. 

Adam, Alexander, Scottish antiquary and classical 

writer ; 1741— 1S09 - C.D.R. 

Adam, Arcliibald, Scotch physician ; 1708 
Adam, Sir Charles, British admiral ; 1780—1853 a. 
Adam, Daniel, Bohemian historian ; 1446—1499 D. 
Adam, Francis-Gaspard, Fr. sculptor; 1710—1759 D.R. 
Adam, Sir Frederick, English general ; d. 1853 
Adam, Georg, German landscape painter ; 1783 — 

1823 N.D. 

Adam, Hans, or Jan van, of Nuremberg, designer and 

engraver ; 1570 B. 

Adam, Jacob, Austrian engraver ; 1748—1808* B.N.D. 
Adam, Jacques, French hellenist and academician ; 

1663—1735 _ D.R.c. 

Adam, James, English writer on architecture, and 

agriculturalist ; d. 1794 C.R. 

Adam, Jean, French preacher ; 1608 — 1634 D.R. 

Adam, Jean, poet ; d. 1765 

Adam, Jean-Louis, Fr. mus. composer; 1760—1848 D. 
Adam, Jean Victor, Fr. painter and lithog.; h. 1801 B.M. 
Adam, John, Scotch Dominican ; 1515 
Adam, John, architect ; 1763 
Adam, John, mathematician ; 1794 
Adam, Lambert-Sigisbert, Fr. sculp. ; 1700—1759 D.E.C. 
Adam, Melchior, German divine and biographer; 

d. 1622 G.D.C. 

Adam, Nicolas, Fr. gram, and author ; 1716 — 1792 D.R.c. 
Adam, Nicolas-Sebastian, French sculptor ; 1705 — 

1759 C.D.R. 

Adam, Peter, German engraver ; 1730 b. 

Adam, Sir Philip Villers de I'lsle, grand-master of the 

knights of Khodes ; 1521 
Adam, Robert, Scottish architect ; 1728—1794 C.a.D.U. 
Adam, Robert, divine ; 1770—1825 
Adam, Thomas, English divine ; 1701—1784 
Adam, Hon. William, Scotch lawyer awl tjolitician ; 

1751—1839 



Adam, William, architect ; d. 1792 

Adam, William, architect ; 1822 

Adam, William Patrick, Scotch statesman ; I. 1823 a. 

Adam Scotus [the Scotchman), bishop of Withern, 
biographer and ecclesiastical writer ; d. 1180 R.D. 

Adam-Salomon, Antony Sam., Fr. sculp. ; b. 1818 F. 

Adamseus, Theodoric, German philologist ; b. 1470*, 
d. 1540 D.R. 

Adamanteo, Italian mathem. and orientalist; d. 1581 

Adamantius, Jewish physician ; 4th cent. C.D.U. 

Adamberger, Maria- Anna, German actress; 1752— 
1804 D.u. 

Adamczewski, Jacques, Polish litt. ; 1770— 1S15 D. 

Adami, Adam, German Benedictine, bishop of Hiero- 
polis and historian ; 1590 — 1670 d.q.u. 

Adaml, Andrea, master of the pontifical chapel ; 
1750 D.u. 

Adami, Annibale, Ital. Jesuit and litt. ; b. 1626 D. 

Adami, Antonio-Filippo, Ital. litt. ; 1720—1761 D.s.u. 

Adami, Ernest-Daniel, German pastor and musician ; 
1716—1770 5.R.U.D. 

Adami, Francesco, canon of Fermo ; 1550* D. 

Adami, Leonardo, Italian historian and hellenist ; 
1690—1719 c.r.R.D. 

Adami, Paolo, Hungarian physician ; 1739—1795 d. 

Adami, Pietro, Italian marine painter ; 1730 B. 

Adamnan, abbot of lona and writer ; 625 — 705 r.d.c. 

Adamoli, Pierre, French antiquary ; 1707— 17G9 R.D.u. 

Adamowicz, Adam {Woijda), Polish grammarian; 
1760—1812 D. 

Adams, Abigail, wife of John Adams, president of the 
United States ; 1767—1818 a. 

Adams, Abigail, English cpistolographer ; 1744—1818 

Adams, Abraham, Eng. alchemical poet; 15th cent. 

Adams, Alexander, English lieut. -gen. ; d. 1836 R. 

Adams, Amos, American divine and author ; 1727 — ■ 
1775 AK.a. 

Adams, Andrew, chief -justice of Connecticut; 1736 — 
1797 A. 

Adams, Bernard, bishop of Limerick 1604, Kilfenora 
1606-17 ; d. 1626 c. 

Adams, Charles, engraver B. 

Adams, Charles Baker, American chemist and zoolo- 
gist ; 1814— 1853 Ae.a. 

Adams, Charles Francis, American author and diplo- 
matist ; b. 1807 M.A.rt.. 

Adams, Clement, English geographer ; d. 1586 q. 

Adams, E., English engraver; 1774 

Adams, Ebenezer, American mathematician and lin- 
guist ; 1764—1841 A. 

Adams, Eliphalet, American divine ; 1676—1753 a. 

Adams, Eliphalet, American divine and hebraist ; 
1732—1809 E. 

Adams, Fitzherbert, vice-chancellor of Oxford ; 1651 — 
1719 C.R. 

Adams, Francis, English writing master ; 1594 

Adams, Francis, Eng. physician and translator ; 1861 

Adams, George, English dramatist ; 1746 

Adams, George, English divine ; 1768 

Adams, George, English optician, instrument-maker, 
and philosophical writer ; d. 1786 C. D. 

Adams, George, English optical instrument-maker and 
philosoiDhical writer ; b. 1750, d. 1795 CD. 

Adams, George, English agriculturalist ; 1810 

Adams, Hannah, American authoress ; 1757 — 1832 A.a. 

Adams, Henry William, English general ; d. 1855 _ 

Adams, Isaac, American improver of the printing 
press ; 1850 e. 

Adams, Jan van, of Nuremberg, engraver and de- 
signer : 1570 B. 

Adams, Jasper, Amer. prof, of mathem.; 1793—1841 e. 

Adams, John, English printer ; 1533 . 

Adams, John, English poet ; 1677 

Adams, John, provost of King's CoUege, Cambridge ; 
1700 R.c. 

Adams, John, American divine and poet ; 1704— 
1740 A.E.a. 



ADA 



10 



ADE 



Adams, Jolin, writer on concliolo^ ; 1797 — 1800 a. 
Adams, John, second president of the United States 

of America, 1797-1802 ; b. 1735, d. 1820 c.c.D.B. 
Adams, John, English mariner (Patriarch of Pitcairn''s 

Island) ; 1764—1829 r.D. 

Adams, John, English engineer, and compiler of the 

first geographical dictionary of Eugland U.D. 

Adams, John, English serjeant-at-hiw ; 1856 
Adams, John Couch, English astronomer; b. 1818* M. 
Adams, John Greenleaf, American writer ; b. 1810 a. 
Adams, John-Quincy, sixth president of the United 

States of America, 1825-9 ; b. 1767, d. 1818 c.a.V. 
Adams, John W. , American lawyer, senator ; 1706— 

1788 A. 

Adams, Jonas, English lawyer ; 1593 
Adams, Josepla, American writer ; 1719 — 1783 a.A. 
Adams, Joseph, English physician and medical writer ; 

1756—1817 D. 

Adams, Matthew, American writer ; d. 1753 a.A.E. 
Adams, Nehemiah, American author ; b. 1806 a. 

Adams, Newton, American missionary in South Africa ; 

1804—1851 A. 

Adams, Orion, English printer ; d. 1797 
Adams, Eice, English divine ; 1758* 
Adams, Richard, English printer ; 1579^ 
Adams, Richard, recorder of London ; 1748 
Adams, Sir Richard, baron of the exchequer (1760) ; 

1710—1774 /. 

Adams, Rob., Eng. archt. and engr. ; 1540—1591 e.b. 
Adams, Robert, English architectural draughtsman ; 

1728-1792 B. 

Adams, Rob. , English mechanician and writ. ; 1810 e. 
Adams, Robert, Englisli sailor ; 1816 
Adams, Samuel, English divine ; 1716* ' 
Adams, Samuel, governor of Massachusetts; 1722 — 

1803 e.K.D. 

Adams, Sarah Flower, English poet ; d 1848 a. 

Adams, Sylvester, English divine ; d. 1667 
Adams, Thomas, EngUsh printer ; 1600* 
Adams, Sir Thomas, lord mayor of London (1645), 

royalist ; 15S6- -1667 n.D.c.d. 

Adams, Thomas, English I'eligious writer ; d. 1670 C.E. 
Adams, Thomas, English divine ; d. 1784 
Adams, W., English naval captain ; 18th cent. R. 

Adams, William, English navigator ; 1575—1621 e.D.g. 
Adams, ^yilliam, English historian ; d. 1661 
Adams, "William, American divine ; 1050 — 1685 A. 
Adams, William, English divine ; d. 1716 
Adams, William, English surgeon ; ISth cent D.w. 
Adams, William, English editor ; 1750* 
Adams, Sir William, English surgeon ; 1819* 
Adams, William Bridges, English engineer and author ; 

b. 1797 M. 

Adams, William Henry, English barrister ; b. 1809 M. 
Adams, Zabdiel, American divine ; 1702—1764 A. 
Adams, Zabdiel, Amer. div. and writ., 1739—1801 A.E. 
Adamson, John, English divine ; 1556* 
Adamson, John, English poet ; d. 1637 
Adamson, John, British naval officer ; 1789 a. 

Adamson, John, English antiquary and conchologlst ; 

(/. 1855 
Adamson, Pat., archbishop of St Andrews; 1543 — 

1591 C.K.D. 

Adamson, Thomas, English author ; 1680* 
Adamthwaite, John, English divine ; 1778 
Adanson, Michel, French naturalist and traveller ; 

1727-1806 C.D.R. 

Adaoust, d', French poet and litterateur ; d. 1819 U. 
Adascheff, Alexis, Russian statesman ; 1550* e.d.u. 
Adaschefif, Daniel, Russian general ; 16th cent. E.D. 
Adeock, James, English musician ; d. 1860 
Adda, St ; 653 

Adda, king of Bernicia, 500-67 
Adda, Ferdinando d', Italian patrician and jurist ; 

1534—1574 u. 

Adda, Oonte Francesco d', Milanese amateur painter ; 

d. 1550 B.T. 



Adda, Tras, Welsh poet ; 1240 

Ad-Demiri, Mohamed-ibn-Moura, Arabian naturalist ; 

d. 1406 u. 

Addenbrooke, John, English physician ; d. 1719 
Addenbrooke, John, dean of Lichfield ; d. 1776 
Adderley, Charles Bowyer, English politician ; 1814 m. 
Adderley, Thomas, Puritan divine ; 1676 
Addington, Anthony, English physician and medical 

writer; 1718—1790 f/.E.D.u. 

Addington, Henry, Lord Sidmouth, English states- 
man ; 1755 — 1844 D.u. 
Addington, Hen. Unwin, Eng. statesman ; b. 1790 m.f. 
Addington, Is., sec. of Massachusetts ; 1645—1715 a. 
Adding-ton, John, English surgeon ; 1801 
Addington, John H., Eng. under-sec. of state ; d. 1818 
Addington, Stephen, English divine ; 1729—1796 C.R. 
Addington, Sir AVilliam, English legal writer ; d. 1811 
Addis, Thomas, English writer ; 1798 
Addison, Alex., American lawyer ; 1759—1807 A.n. 
Addison, Anthony, English divine ; d. 1719 
Addison, G. H., Englisli writer ; 1793-1815 E. 
Addison, John, English controversialist ; 1538 
Addison, John, English musician ; d. 1844 
Addison, Joseph, English poet and essayist; 1672— 

1719 c.w.o. 

Addison, Lancelot, English writer, dean of Lichfield ; 

1632—1703 c.R.D.o.w. 

Addison, Laura, English actress ; d. 1852 
Addison, Philip, English printer ; d. 1823 
Addison, Thomas, English Jesuit ; 1634—1683 E. 

Addison, Thomas, English physician ; d. 1800 
Addy, William, English writer ; d. 1710* w.Q.D. 

Adee, Herbert, English divine ; 1712 
Adee, Nicholas, Englisli divine ; 1685 
Adee, Swithin, English physician ; d. 1786 
Adeimantus, Greek general, B.C. 480 D.E.X. 

Adel, or Adil, king of Sweden ; d. 433 D.u. 

Adela, wife of Baldwin IV., count of Flanders ; 1037 
Adela, countess of Blois ; d. 1137 
Adelaide, Queen ; d. 1849 

Adelaide de France, consort of Louis II. ; 880 d.r. 
Adelaide, St, empress of Germany, consort of Otho 

the Great ; 931-999 O.K. 

Adelaide, St, abbess of Notre-Dame, Cologne ; d. 

1015 ...- ' D.u. 

Adelaide, marchioness of Suza^__^jHCther-in-law of 

Henry IV., emperor of GermStiy; 1033 E. 

Adelaide, princess of Saxony ; 1030—1100 D. 

Adelaide, wife of Baldwin, king of Jerusalem ; 1113 
Adelaide of Louvain, wife of Henry 1. of Eng. ; 1121 
Adelaide, or Alix of Savoy, consort of Louis VI., 

1114 ; d. 1154 D.u. 

Adelaide, or Aleid, Dutch lady, mistress of Albert, 

duke of Brabant ; d. 1392 e. 

Adelaide of France {Madame Marie), daughter of 

Louis XV. ; 1732-1800 d.r. 

Adelaide d'Orleans, Eugenie-Louise, sister of Louis- 
Philippe ; 1777-1848 d.u. 
Adelaide of Sardinia, wife of Enzio, natural son of 

Frederic II. ; 1239 
Adelaide of Saxe Meinengen, wife of the duke of 

Clarence; 1818-1849 
Adelard, or Ethelheard, king of Wessex ; d. 740 
Adelard, or Athelard, EngUs'h Benedictine, orientalist 

and traveller ; 1130* D.E. 

Adelards, chief of the Gueif faction at Ferrara; d. 

1184 E.D. 

Adelarlus, St ; 754 

Adelbert, St, Northumbrian missionary ; d. 740 R. 

Adelbert, archbishoiJ of Bremen and Hamburgh ; 
1043-1072 E. 

Adelbold, bishop of Utrecht, historian, mathematician, 
and theologian ; b. 960, d. 1028* C.D.R. 

Adelbumer, IVIichel, German mathematician and as- 
tronomer ; 1702— 1779 C.D.R. 

Adelecantz, Carl-Friedi-ich, Baron von, Swedish archi- 
tect ; 171C— 1796 D. 



ADE 



11 



ADR 



Adeler, Cort Siversen, Danish high admiral; 1C22 — 

1675 _ K.u. 

Adelfrid, king of Bernicia and Deira ; d. 617 U. 

Adelgiso, prince of Benevento ; 871 
Adelgisus, king of the Lombards, 759-773 ; d. 7S8 E. 
Adelgisus, prince of Beneventum, 854-879 ; d. 

878 n.L. 

Adelgreif, Johann Albert, German fanatic and im- 
postor ; d. 1G36 K.U. 
Adelhelme, or Adelin, bp. of Seez, Normandy; 880 D. 
Adelicla (the fair maid of Brabant), second wife of 

Henry I., king of England 
Adeliza of Louvain, queen of Henry I. ; d. 1151 
Adeliza, daughter of William the Conqueror 
Adelman, bishop of Brescia, theologian and poet i d. 

lOGl ■ C.E.D. 

Adelmus, bishop of Salisbury, Latin writer and poet ; 

656—709 _ u. 

Adelon, Nicolas Philibert, French physician and 

writer; b. 1782 f.d. 

AdelpMus, consul of Rome ; 451 H. 

Adelsward, Renauld Oscar d\ French representative 

and author ; b. 1811 F. 

Adelulf, bishop of Carlisle, 1133 ; d. 1156 d.I. 

Adelung, Frieckich von, Germ. litt. ; 1768—1843 U.G. 
Adelung, Johann Christian, German philologist and 

litterateur; 1743—1806 r.E.c.d. 

Adelung, Johann-Justus, German antiquary ; 1670* D. 
Adelwald, or Ethelwald, king of East Anglia ; d. 604 
Ademar, or Aymar, count of Poitiers, 893 ; d. 926 u. 
Ademar, or Aimar, de Chabannis, French monk and 

chronicler ; 988— 1030 C.D.U. 

Ademar, count d'Auvergne, 1199 ; d. 1218 u. 

Aden, Guillaume, French physician and medical 

writer ; 17th cent. K. 

Adenez (Anam the king), French poet and minstrel ; 

6. 1240* C.D.R. 

Adeodatus, St, or Dieudonne, bishop of Eome, 615 , 

d. 618 D.R. 

Adeodatus, or Dieudonne, bishop of Home, 672 ; d. 

676 D.u. 

Ader, Guillaume, French phys. and poet ; 1620* c.D.u. 
Ader, Jean Joseph, French litterateur ; h. 1796 T. 
Adesyr, or Ardeschyr, king of Persia ; 629 u. 

Adet, Pierre-Auguste, French chemist and politician ; 

1763—1832 D. 

Adey, William, English divine ; 1760 
Adgandestrius, or ArminJus, Hermann, leader of the 

Germans, 9 ; d. 17 D. 

Adgilius I., king of Frisia ; d. 710 D.K.U. 

Adgilius II. ; 710 D. 

Adhad-Eddaulah, suit, of Persia (949) ; 936—983 u.e. 
Adh-Dhahebi, or Al-Dzahatoi, Abou-Abdallah-Moham- 

med, Arabian historian, 1275 — 1348 1). 

Adh-Dhobbi, Ahmed-Ibn-Yahya, Arabian historian ; 

13th cent. D. 

Adhed-Ledin-AUa'n, caliph of Egypt, 1160; d. 1171 U.K. 
Adaelm, or Andlielm, Anglo-Saxon i^relate and poet ; 

656-709 E.D. 

Adhemar, Adelme, French Benedictine and historian, 

chaplain to Charlemagne D. 

Adhemar, Alphonso Joseph, French mathematician ; 

h. 1797 F. 

Adhemar, o?- Adzemar, Guillielm, French troubadour; 

1195* D.u. 

Adheimar, or Ademar de Monteil, Lambert de, 

prince of Orange ; 800 D.E. 

Adhemar de Monteuil, bp. of Metz, 1327 ; d. 1361 d.r. 
Adhemar de Monteil, bishop of Puy, 1098, papal 

legate; d. 1099 D.u. 

Adherhal, king of Numidia ; d. b.c. 112 d.r.x. 

Adhertoal, Carthaginian general ; B.C. 249 D.R.X. 

Adimaji, Alessandro, Italian poet ; 1579-1649 C.t.d. 
Adimari, Forese, Guelphic leader ; 14th cent. i.R. 
Adimari, Eaffaele, Italian historian; 1580* l.D.c. 

Adimari, Tegghiaio Aldobrandi, Italian magistrate ; 

1255 I.E. 



Adis, Henry, English divine ; 1660 

Adkin, Lancaster, English divine ; d. 1806 

Adkins, William, English poet ; 17G8 

Adler, Dr Nathan Marcus, chief rabbi of the English 
Jews ; b. 1803 

Adler, Adolph Peter, Danish philosopher ; b. 1812 

Adler, Bernhard, Bohemian pliysician ; 1753—1809 

Adler, Georg Christian, German theologian and peda- 
gogue ; 1674-1741 D.Q. 

Adler, Georg-Christian, German theologian and ar- 
chaeologist ; 1734—1804 g.d. 

Adler, Georg T., German educational wi-it. ; 6. 1821 M. 

Adler, Jacob-Georg-Christian, German theologian and 
orientalist ; 1755—1805 G.D.U. 

Adler, Johan Gunder, Danish statesman ; 1784—1852 

Adler, Peder Christian, Danish scholar ; 1798—1851 

Adler, Philii)p [Patricius), German engraver; 1484 — 
1530* B.C.N.D. 

Adler Mesnard, French gram, and professor ; 1850 F. 

Adler-Salvius, Johan, Swedish statesman ; 1590—1652 

Adlerberg, Wladimir, Count, Rus. gen. ; 1784—1814 

Adlerbsth, Gudmund-Georg, Swedish savant and poet ; 
1751—1818 F.D. 

Adlerfelt, Gustavus, Swedish historian and diploma- 
tist ; 1671-1709 c.R.D. 

Adlerscreutz, Baron von, Swedish general ; 1809 D.u. 

Adlersparre, Georg Graf von, Swedish gen. ; 1760— 
1837 D.u. 

Adlington, William, English translator ; 1566 

Adlung, Jacob, Germ, organist; 1699—1762 G.R.u.D. 

Adlzreiter, Johann, German historian, chancellor of 
Bavaria ; 1596— 1662 C.G.D. 

Admiraal, B., Dutch painter; 1662 B. 

Admiral, Henri 1', French patriot ; 1744—1794 D.u. 

Admo, engraver, time of Augustus 

Ado, St, abp. of Vienne, chronicler; 799—875 C.D.U. 

Ado, bishop of Eamsbury 927*, archbishop of Can- 
terbury 942 ; d. 959 h.J.d. 

Adolf, duke of Nassau ; b. 1817 

Adolffz, German engraver B. 

Adolfi, Giro, Italian painter; 1683—1758 B.R. 

Adolfi, Giacomo, Italian painter ; 1682 — 1741 B. 

Adolph, Joseph-Franz, Germ, painter; 1671—1749 D. 

Adolphi, Christian -Michel, Germ. phys. ; 1676—1753 D. 

AdolpM, Giacomo, Italian painter ; 1682—1741 D. 

AdolphUs^, or Ata/alphus, king of the Visigoths ; d. 
415 

Adolphus I., count of Holstein ; 1106—1131 

AdolphUS II., warrior ; d. 1164 B. 

Adolphus III. ; d. 1200* 

Adolphus IV. ; 1227 

Adolphus VIII., count of Holstein ; d. 1459 

Adolphus of Nassau, king of Germany ; d. 1298 

Adolphus, count of Cleves and La Marche, bishop of 
Munster, 1357 ; d. 1394 d.e. 

Adolphus, count of Cleves and IMarch ; 1371-1448 D. 

Adolphus, duke of Gueldres ; 1438—1477 D.u. 

Adolphus, duke of Schleswig, 1440 ; d. 1459 D.R. 

Adolphus, duke of Holstein, warrior ; 1526-1586 R. 

Adolphus, Johann, duke of Saxony, warrior and poli- 
tician ; 1685—1744 D.R. 

Adolphus - Frederick, of Holstein - Entin, king of 
Sweden, 1752 ; b. 1710, d. 1771 k.d. 

Adolphus, John, English barrister and author ; 1766— 
1845 D. 

Adonizedek, king of Jerusalem ; d. B.C. 1451 D.u. 

Adorf, J. A. C, German amateur engraver B. 

Adorne de Tschamer, French surgeon ; b. 1784 d.f. 

Adomi, Catherine -Fieschi, Italian poetess ; 1447— 
1510 . „ D- 

Adomo, Francesco, Italian Jesuit and writer ; 1531 — 
1586 T>.-R.v. 

Adomo, Gabriele, Genoese merchant, doge of Venice, 
1363-70 R-D.u. 

Adomo, Georgio. doge of Genoa ; 1413 

Adomo, Giovanni- Agostino, Ital. priest ; d.l^'il ^ D. 

Adraiu. Robert, Amer. mathematician ; 1775—1843 A. 



ADR 



12 



AER 



Adraman, French adventurer, pacha of Rhodes and 
Turkish admiral ; d. 1706 D.R. 

Adram-Melech, king of Assyria ; B. c. 737 H . 

Adrani3rtlius, brother of Cruesus, king of Lydia ; B. c. 
600 D. 

Adrastus, king of Argos and Sicyon ; B.C. 1215 D.x. 

Adrastus, Greek peripatetic and commentator ; 2nd 
cent. R. 

Adrets, Francis de Beaumont, Earon des, French war- 
rior; 1513—1587 c.D.K. 

AdrevaldjFr. monk of Fleury, writer; 818—878 D.R.u. 

Adrey, Daniel, English author ; 1598 q. 

Adria, Giovanni-Giacomo, Italian physician and 
writer ; d. 1560 c.d.r.h. 

Adrlaensen, Alexandre, Flemish painter ; b. 1G25 d. 

Adrian I., Pope, 772 ; d. 795 d.r.u. 

Adrian II., 867 ; d. 872 d.r.u. 

Adrian III. (Agapit), 884 ; d. 885 d.r.u. 

Adrian IV. (NtcholasBreakspear), ll.")4; d. 1159c.D.R.u. 

Adrian V. {Ottoboni Fieschi) ; d. 1276 d.r.u. 

Adrian VI.; 14.59—1523 d.r.c.u. 

Adrian, or Hadrian, P. ^lius, emperor of Rome (117— 
138) ; 76—138 C.D.R.X. 

Adrian, Greek sophist ; 2nd cent. E.x. 

Adrian, first bishop of St Andrews ; d. 872 E.A-. 

Adrian, African ecclesiastic ; 7th cent. E. 

Adrian, St, 1374 

Adrian (CcM'iAitsiawMs), German theologian and writer ; 
1410 CD. 

Adrian de Castello, cardinal and bishop of AVells, 
1504-18 ; 1450*— 1518* C.R. 

Adrian, patriarch of Russia ; d. 1702 D. 

Adrian, or Adrisensen, Cornellis, Flemish Franciscan 
preacher ; 1521 — 1581 D.u. 

Adrian!, Giovanni-Battista, Italian historian and pro- 
fessor of eloquence ; 1513 — 1579 c.T.U. 

Adrian, Johann- Valentin, German litterateur ; 1793— 
1830 . F.D. 

Adrian, Robert, English mathematician ; d. 1843 

Adrian!, Marcello, Italian translator and scholar ; 
1533—1604 C.R.D. 

Adrian!, Marco-Virgilio, Italian hellenist, chancellor 
of the republic of Florence ; 1464 — 1521 c.T.D. 

Adriano, Spanish Carmelite, painter ; d. 1630 B.R.u.c. 

Adrianos, Greek monk and writer ; 5th cent. D. 

Adriansen, Alex., Flemish painter; 1025*— 1685 B.K.D. 

Adrichomius, Dutch scholar ; 16th cent. R. 

Adrichomius, Christian, Dutch priest and writer ; 
1533-1585 C.R.D.u. 

Adricomia, Cornelius, Dutch historian and theolo- 
gian ; 16th cent. R. 

Adrien, Emmanuel, Flemish lutist, 16th cent. D. 

Adry, Jean-Felicissime, French i)hilologist and biblio- 
grapher; 1749-1818 D.u. 

Adryan, Albin, Polish eavant and poet ; 1490—1540 D. 

Adson, Hemericus, French hagiograi^her and tlieolo- 
gian; d. 992 c.u.D. 

Adson, Fr. Benedictine, abbot of Deuvres ; d. 991 D. 

Aduarte, Don Diego de, Spanish missionary ; 1630 D. 

AdUlf, bishop of Lichfield ; 802 d.l. 

Advenier-Fontenille, Hyppolite-Antoine, French en- 
gineer and dramatic writer ; 1773—1827 D.F.u. 

Adventius, bishop of Metz, 855; d. 875 D.R.U. 

A.dy, Joseph, English impostor ; d. 1852 

Ady, Thomas, English writer on witchcraft ; 1661 

Adye, Stephen Payne, English military writer ; 1778 

Adyran, John, lord mayor of London, 1270-71 d. 

.ffiantides, Greek tragic poet ; n.c. 300* D.x. 

.fflbotas, Olympic victor ; B.C. 756 H. 

.fficides, king of the Molossi ; B.C. 326 D.U. 

Aed, St, bishop of Kildare ; d. 638 c. 

Aed, Irish writer ; 1053 

.ffida, Malachy Mac, Irish writer ; d. 1348 

Aeddan, St, Welsh warrior ; d. 1015 

.ffidesius, Greek philosopher ; d. 355 n.u. 

.ffidgene (Brito), bp. and anchoret of Kildare ; 862 c. 

Mgeus, king of A.thens ; B.C. 1283 H. 



iEgialeus, king of Sicyon ; B.C. 2089 H. 

.Sgidius, king of the Franks ; d. 464 
.ffigidius, French abbot and waiter ; 514 D.u. 

^gidius, Greek Benedictine ; 8th cent. D. 

.ffigidius, Fr. deacon and Latin poet; 13th cent. R.D. 
iEgidius, Gabriel, philosophical writer ; 17th cent. R. 
.ffigidius Leodiensis (Gilles de Liege), monk of the 

Vall<;e d'Or, Luxemburg, authorfj^th cent. D. 
.ffigidius, Petrus, of Antwerp, traveller ; 1490—1555 c. 
.ffigil, or Eigll, abbot of Fulda ; d. 822 D. 

.ffigimus, o?' Aegimius, Greekphys. ; B.C. 5th cent. D.x. 
.ffiginhard, or EgULhard, biographer ; 771*— 839* D. 
.ffiginus Spolentinus, Roman editor ; 1550 D. 

.ffigistheus, king of Mycenaj ; B.C. 1183 H. 

Aelchu, bishop of Clonard ; 726 c. 

Aelf, Samuel, Swedish theologian ; 18th cent. D.U. 
iElfric, or Elfric, archbishop of York (1023-1051) ; 

964—1051 -R.l.d. 

.ffielfric, St {the Grammarian), archbishop of Canter- 
bury, 995 ; rf. 1005 v..C.l.d. 
.Slfric (Bata), Anglo-Saxon scholar ; 11th cent. K. 
Aelliun, bishop of Dunwich, 790 ; d. 797 d.l. 
Aelhun, bLshop of Worcester, 848 ; d. 872 d.l. 
JElian, the sophist ; 222 

iElianus, consul of Rome ; 187 _ H. 

.ffilianus, Claudius, Roman writer on military tactics ; 

110* C.D.U. 

Aelianus, Claudius, Greek compiler ; 3d cent. X.U. 
.Elianus, Cn. Papiruis, consul of Rome ; 184 H. 

.ffilianus, L. Roscius, consul of Rome ; 223 H. 

.Slianus, Meccius, Greek physician, tutor of Gal- 

lienus ; 120* B. 

.ffilius- Sextus - Foetus -Catus, Roman jurist and 

consul ; B.C. 197 H.D.R. 

.ffllius-Cesar, or Lucius-Cejonius-Commodus-Verus, 

adopted son of Hadrian, 135 ; d. 138 D. 

jSElius, Spartianus, historian ; 297 
iEUa, or Ella, king of Deira ; 560—588 
Aelnoth, English monk and historian ; 1105 D. 

Aelst, or Aalst, Evert van, .Dutch painter ; 1602 — 

1658 ' B.D.R.C. 

Aelst, Paul van, Dutch fruit and flower painter ; 

17th cent. B. 

Aelst, William van [Guliclmo), Dutch painter ; 1620— 

1679 K.D.R.C. 

Aelts, Nicholas van, Flemish painter ; b. 1527* B. 

iEmiiia, Juliana, countess of Schwarzburg, Rudolstadt, 
poetess ; 1637—1706 R. 

.Smilianus, Qu. Fabius Max, Roman consul; B.C. 
145 H.x. 

.ffimilianus, C. Julius, Roman emp. ; 208* — 253 D.x. 

.Emilianus, Fulvius, consul of Rome ; 206 H. 

.ffimilianus, Pub. Corn. Scijuo Africanus, Roman 
general and ambassador ; d. 129 H. 

iEmiUus, Anton, Flemish hist. ; 1589—1660 C.D.Q. 

.ffimilius, Antonio, Latin poet \ ^• 

.ffimilius Paullus [Macedonicus), captor of Perseus ; 
B.C. 230—160 D.x. 

.Sna,Hendrick, Dutch philosopher; 1743—1812 D.R.U. 

.ffineas (Gazwus), Greek Christian writer ; 480 C.n.R. 

.ffineas, Tacitus, Greek writer ; B.C. 360 D.x. 

^neas, or iEngus, Irish bishop and historian ; d. 820 

Aeneas, P., German mezzotinto engraver B. 

.ffineas-Sylvius, Pius II., Pope ; 1405—1464 d.r. 

^nesidemus, Greek sceptical philosopher; B.C. 50 E.x. 

.ffingus, bishop of Clogher ; 915* c. 

.Eolus, king of Phthiotis ; B.C. 1383 H. 

.ffipinus, Franz-Maria-Ulrich-Theodor, German phil- 
osopher and electrician ; 1724-1802 C.R.D. 

.ffipinus, Johann Hugo, German theologian, contro- 
versialist, and reformer ; 1499 — 1553 C.R.D. 

.ffirius, heresiarch ; 4th cent. C.D.B. 

Aeropus, king of Maccdon ; B.C. 602 

.ffirschot, Duke of, Flemish diplomatist; 16th cent. D. 

.ffirts, Richard, Dutch painter ; 1482—1577 B.R. 

Aertsen, Peter {Pietro-Lonc/o), Dutch painter ; 1519— 

1573 B.E.D.C. 



AEH. 



13 



AGA 



Aery, T. , English physician ; 1774 

^sc, king of Kent ; 488—512 

^sclirioii, epic poet of Mitylene E. 

^scMnes, Greek sculptor K. 

^schines, Gk., son of Nathan, the leader of Eretrtea, K. 

^schlnes, Greek, son of Sellus E. 

^scMnes, Greek historian, quoted by Eusebiua E. 

^schines, Greek physician of Lanipras E. 

^schines, the Elusiuian, Greek rhetorician E. 

^schines, Arcadian pupil of Isocrates E.x. 

^scMnes, academic philosopher of Naples E. 

^schlnes, Olympic victor ; B.C. 760 H.E. 

.ffischines, Athenian orator; B.C. 398—314 E.x. 

.ffiscMnes, Greek physician ; 4th cent. E.X. 

.ffiscliilies, Greek rhetorician ; 4th cent. B.C. E.x. 

^schines, Socratic philosopher ; 4th cent. B.C. E.x. 

.ffischrion, poet of Samos E.x. 

.£sclirion, Greek writer on agriculture E.X. 

.ffisclirion, father of Lysanias E. 

.ffischrion, Greek physician ; 2nd cent. D.E.X. 

.ffischylus, Eretrsean, opponent of Meredemus E. 

.£scliylus, puijil of Hippocrates, mentioned by Aris- 
totle E, 

.ffischylus, rhetorician of Cnidus, mentioned by Cicero ; 
1st cent. B.C. E.x. 

^schylus, son of Euphorion, tragic poet ; B.C. 525 — 
450 x.R. 

^schylus, the Argive, mentioned by Plutarch E. 

.ffischylus, the Corinthian, mentioned by Plutarch E. 

.ffischylus, Sicilian rhetorician, mentioned by Cicero E. 

.ffisop, fabulist; B.C. 570 U.X. 

£sop, Hebrew poet ; IGth cent. 

.ffisopus, Clodius, Roman actor; 1st cent. B.C. D.x. 

.ffitherius, Greek architect ; 6th cent. c.d.u. 

.ffition, Greek painter ; 110* C.D.U. 

Aetius, Greek heresiarch; d. 366 C.r.d. 

Aetius, Roman general and patrician ; d. 454 d.e. 

Aetius of Mesopotamia, Greek physician and medical 
writer; 500* _ C.E.U. 

Aettenkliover, Joseph-Anton, German historian; d. 
1775 D. 

Afandopolo, Caleb, Karaite Jew and author ; 15th 
cent. E. 

Afer, Domitius, of Nismes, Roman orator, jjarbisan of 
Claudius and Nero; B.C. 15 — a.d. 59 d.e.x. 

Afesa, Pietro (Pictro delta BasUicata), Italian painter ; 
1050 D.B. 

AGTaitati, Antonio-Mario, Italian Capuchin writer ; 
1660—1721 D. 

Affaitati, Fortunio, Italian physician and philosopher ; 
d. 15.50 Q.E.i.D. 

Affarosi, Camillo, Italian Benedictine and historian ; 
1680—1763 D. 

Affelen, Johann von, political writer ; 1600 D. 

Affelman, Johann, Germ, theologian'; 1588—1624 D.U. 

AfB.ch.ard, Thomas 1', French dramatic author ; 1698— 
1753 D.E.U. 

Affllard, Michel 1', French musician ; d. 1708 D. 

Affleck, Sir Edmund, Eughsh commodore and poli- 
tician ; d. 1787 E. 

Affleck, James, Scottish poet ; 15th cent. 

Affleck, Sir James, English general ; d. 1833 

Affleck, Philip, British admiral ; d. 1799 E. 

Afflitto, Eustachio d', Italian Dominican, litterateur ; 
d. 1790 D.R.S. 

Afflitto, Gaetano-Andrea d', Italian advocate-general ; 
1655 D. u. 

Afflitto, Giovanni-Mario, Italian Dominican, mathe- 
matician ; d. 1673 U.R.T.D. 

Afflitto, Matteo, Italian jurist ; 1448—1524 c.e.d.u. 

Afflitto, Tommaso, Italian jurist ; 1570—1645 D.T. 

Affo, Ireneus, Italian antiquary, historian, and 
philologist; 1742—1805* C.D.E.u. 

Affre, Denis-Auguste, abp. of Paris ; 1793—1848 B. 

Affre Saint-Romme, Louis Henri, French representa- 
tive ; 6. 1791 F. 

AfiEiry, Ch. Philippe, Comte d', Swiss col.; 1772—1818 K. 



AfiFry, Louis-Aua;uste-Philippe, Comte d', Swiss states- 
man; 1745—1810 D.E. 

Affry, Louis- Augustin-Auguste d', French general ; 
1713—1793 D.E. 

Afhacker, Gilles, Dutcli theologian ; 17th cent. D. 

Afra, Cretan martyr ; 303 

Afrania, Roman female advocate; B.C. 50 D.X. 

Afranius, Brutus, proetorian pn-efect ; d. 62 C.H. 

Afranius, Lucius, comic Latin poet; B.C. 1st cent. u.x. 

Afranius Nepos, Lucius, consul of Rome; B.C. 60 E.X. 

Africanus, Pub. Corn. Scipio, consul of Rome, B.C. 
205 ; d. 180 h. 

Africanus, Sextus- Julius, Greek Christian historian; 
d. 232* C.E.D. 

Africanus, T. Sextius, consul of Rome ; d. 112 H. 

Afzelius, Adam, Swedish savant ; 1750—1837 D.U. 

Afzelius, Arvid-Aug., Swedish litt. ; h. 1785 r.D.u. 

Agabiti, Pietro Paolo, of Sassoferrato, Italian painter ; 
1531 T. 

AgalJUS, Christian prophet, 1st cent. 

Agamemnon, king of Argos ; Homeric hero x. 

Agamestor, Athenian archer ; B.C. 795 h. 

Aganduru, Rod.-Maurizio, Span, miss.; 1640 C.D.e.e. 

Agapetus, consul of Rome ; 517 H.c. 

Agapetus I., bp. of Rome, 535 ; d. 536 E.L.u.d. 

Agapetus II., Pope, 946-56 ; d. 956 e.l.u.d. 

Agapetus, bishop of Rhodes ; 457 D. 

Agapetus, deacon of Constantinople ; 527 D.E. 

Agapius, Greek monk and writer ; 17th cent. d. 

Agar, Charles, bishop of Cloyne 1768, archbishoi^ of 
Cashel 1779 ; d. 1809 c. 

Agar, Hon. Charles, Viscount Somerton, bishop of 
Cashel, archbishop of Dublin, 1801 ; d. 1814 cm. 

Agar, Jacques, Fr. port, painter; 1640 — 1716 B.R. 

Agar, James, English botanist ; d. 1838 

Agar, Paul-Antoiue d', French poet ; d. 1551 U. 

Agar, Pedro, Sj^anish naval captain ; d. 1840 D. 

Agar, William, English divine ; 1759 

Agard, Antoine, Fr. goldsmith and antiq. ; 1600 D. 

Agard Arthur, English antiquary ; 1540 — 1615 c.E.D. 

Agard, Francis, treasurer of the Irish ]\Iint ; 1548 

Agardli, Charles-Adolphe, Swedish botanist and econo- 
mist, bishop of Carlstadt ; 6.1785 D.F. 

Agas, Benjamin, Puritan divine ; 1680 

Agas, Ralph, English surveyor; 16th cent. 

Agasias, of Ephesus, Gk. sculp. ; 4th cent. B.C. E.u.x. 

Agasicles, or Hegesicles, k. of Sparta ; B.C. 580 D.x. 

Agassiz, Louis, Swiss naturalist and scientific writer ; 
h. 1807 D. 

Agate, Frederick S., Amer. hist, paint.; 1807—1844 a. 

Agate, John, English divine ; 1708 

Agate, William, English divine ; 1758 

Agatlia, queen of Gallicia, daughter of William the 
Conqueror 

Agatha, St, virgin and martyr of Palermo ; d. 251 D. 

Agathangelus, Armenian historian ; 320 CD. 

AgatharcMdes, Olympic victor ; B.C. 536 H. 

Agatharchides, Gk. geog. and hist. ; B.C. 130 d.e.x. 

AgatharcMdes, or Agatharclius, of Cnidus, historian ; 
B.C. 113 H.x. 

Agatharchus, of Samos, Gk. painter ; B.C. 480* d.e.x. 

Agathemereus, Greek geogi-apher ; 3d cent. D.E. 

AgatMas, Greek historian and poet ; 600 C.D.E. 

Agathinus, of Sparta, Greek iihysician ; 1st cent. D. 

Agatho, Greek confessor ; 304, C.B. 

Agatho, St, pope, 678; d. 682 e.d. 

Agathocles, Athenian archon ; B. C. 357 H. 

Agathocles, Greek general and tyrant of Syracuse ; 
B.C. 359—287 D.B..X. 

Agathon of Athens, Greek poet ; h. B.C. 447* d.x. 

Agathon, librarian, chancellor, and secretary to the 
Council of Constantinople ; 680 D. 

Agathopoclee, Greek writer D. 

Agathus, Pietro-Angelo, Italian physician ; 1566 D. 

Agativ di Somma, Italian savant ; 1640 d. 

Agay, Frangois-Marie-Bruno, Comte d', French par- 
liamentary advocate-general ; 1722 — 1805 D.E, 



AGA 



li 



AGO 



Agazzari, Agostino, Italian musician and writer ; 

1578- 1G40 D.K. 

Agazzin, Alplionsus, Siennese ecclesiastic in the 

English college at Rome ; 1549—1602 K. 

Agelas, king of Corinth ; B.C. 889 H. 

Agelas, king of Corinth ; B.C. 996 H. 

Ageladas, Greek sculptor, instructor of Phidias ; b. 

B.C. 540 D.K.X. 

Agelet, JohnlePauted', Fr. astrou. ; 1751 — 1785 d.u. 
Agelli, Antonio, Italian liellenist, bishop of Acerno ; 

d. 1608 K.U.D. 

Agelllo, Guiseppe, of Sorento, Italian painter, pupil 

to Cav. Eoncalli T.B. 

Agerius, or Ager, Nicolas, French professor of medi- 
cine and botany ; IGOO TJ.C. 
Agesander, of Ehodes, joint sculptor of the Laocoon ; 

1st cent. K.x. 

Agesilaus, Greek historian D.x. 

Agesilaus I., king of LacediBmon ; B.C. 927—883 h.d. x. 
Agesilaus II. ; b c. 445—361 h.d.d. 

Agesilaus, Athenian general, brother of Themistocles ; 

B.C. 480 D. 

Agesicles I., king of Lacedjemon ; B.C. 598 — 560 H. 
Agesipolis I., king of 8parta, B.C. 3'J4 ; d. 380 H.D.U.X. 
Agesipolis II., b.c. 371 ; d. 370 h.d.u.x. 

Agesipolis III. ; d. b.c 219 h.d.u.x. 

Agesistrata, wife of Eudamidas II., and mother of 

Agis IV. H.x. 

Ageta, Cajetau Nicolas, Italian jurist ; 1600 D. 

Agezio, Thaddeus, Bohemian physician and astrono- 
mer ; 1578 D.K. 
Agg, John, English novelist ; 1813 
Agg, Thomas, satirical writer ; 1820 
Aggas, Edward, English printer ; '(/. 1679 
Aggas, Ralph, English surveyor aud engraver ; d. 

1.579 e.B.R.c. 

Aggas, oj'Augus, Robert, English landscape painter ; 

1619^—1679 u. 

Aggazavl, Agostino, Italian music composer ; 1578— 

1640 u. 

Aggenus-Urbicus, agricultural writer ; 2nd cent. O.D. 
Aggravl, Giovanni-Francesco, Italian physician ; 17th 

cent. D. 

Agha-Mohammed, shah of Persia ; 1731—1797 D.u. 
AgMnetti {G-uccio del Scro), Florentine painter, 1331 B. 
Aghinetti, Maestro Guccio, Florentine painter ; d. 

1409 B. 

Agias, Greek poet ; 8th cent. B.C. D.x. 

Agleo, Oresbio, Italian litterateur ; 18th cent. D. 
Agier, Pierre-Jean, French magistrate, deputy to the 

states-general ; 1748—1823 U.K.D. 

Agila.k. of the "Visigoths in Spain, 549 ; d. 554 U.R.D. 
Agilbert, bishop of Dorchester, 6.50 ; Paris, 664 d.l. 
Agiles, Raymond, French chronicler, canon of Pay 

E.D.O. 

Agilgon, Salomon, cluef rabbi of London and Amster- 
dam ; d. 1728 D.o.U. 

Agilmar, o?- Aimar, bp. of Clermont ; 9th cent, d.r.u. 

Agilmond, king of the Lombards, 389 ; d. 422 U. 

Agiltrud, consort of the emperor Gui, duchess of Spo- 
leto ; 898 u. 

Agilulpli, duke of Turin, king of the Lombards, 591 ; 
(/. 615 D.R. 

Agincourt, Jcan-Baptiste-Louis-George Seroux d', 
French historian and antiquary ; 1730—1814 D.F.U. 

Agio de Soldanis, Pietro-Francesco, Italian x'liilologist 
and antiquary ; 1710—1760 K.U. 

Agis I., king of Lacedoemon ; B.C. 1059—1028 H.D.x.U. 

Agis II., B.C. 427 ; d. 398 H.D x.u. 

Agis III., B.C. 3.58; d. 330 H.D.X.R. 

Agis IV., B.C. 244* ; d. 240 H.D.x.U. 

Agis, or Hages, Greek poet ; B.C. 320 R. 

Agisthus, king of Mycense, murderer of Agamemnon ; 
12th cent. B.C. H. 

Aglaon, Greek painter ; 350* u.d. 

Aglaophon of Tliasos, Greek painter; B.C. 420 k.u.x. 

Agliata, Bernardino, Italian jurist u.d. 



Agliata, Francesco, Italian author of " Chanson Sici- 

liennes ;" 17th cent. K- 

Agliata, Francesco-Gerardo, Italian jurist ; b. 1420 D. 
Agliata, Gerardo, Italian poet ; d. 1590 D. 

Aglio, Andrea Salvatore di Antonio di Arzo, Italian 

painter on marble ; 1736 — 1786 B. 

Aglio, Claudio, German engraver ; 1641 B. 

Aglio, Guiseppe, Italian litterateur ; 18th cent. D. 
Aglionby, Edward, English justice of the peace and 

author; 1536 Q-CR. 

Aglionby, George, dean of Canterbury ; d. 1643 L. 
Aglionby, Henry A., English politician ; (/. 18.54 
Aglionby, John, Eng. clergyman; 1567— 1610 w.p.C.e. 
Aglionby, William, English writer on art ; d. 1685 
Aglius, St ; 547 

Agnan, St {Anianus), bishop of Orleans ; d. 453 d.u. 
Agnani, Giovanni d', Italian jurist ; 1390—1457 D.T. 
Agneaux, Antoine, French litterateur ; 16th cent. D. 
Agneaux, Robert, French litterateur ; 16th cent.^ D. 
Ag"nel, Andrew, archbishop of Ravenna, 558 ; d. 566 D. 
Agnel, Emile, French barrister and litt. ; b. 1810 F. 
Agnelli, Frederico, Italian engraver; b. 1604 D.U. 
Agnelli, Gui-seppe, Ital. .Jesuit and author ; d. 1706 C.R. 
Agnelli, N., Roman artist T. 

Agnelli, Vincenzio, Italian genealogist; 17fchcent. D.u. 
Agnello, Andrea, Italian historian, archbishop of Ra- 
venna; !)th cent. c.d.r. 
Agnello, Giovanni, Italian merchant, doge of Pisa ; 

1364 D. 

Agnello-Maffei, Scipione, bishop of Casale ; 1624 d, 
Agnellus, Andrea, canon of Ravenna and chronicler 
Agneni, Eugenio, Italian painter; b. 1819 F.B. 

Agnes, St, Roman lady and martyr ; d. 303 D. 

Agnes, wife of Andrew III. , king of Hungary ; d. 13C4 
Agnes, consoi't of Henry III., emperor of Germany 

1043, regent of the empire 1061 ; d. 1077 V. 

Agnes of France, empress of Constantinople ; b. 1163 D. 
Agnes de Merania, wife of Philip Augustus, king of 

France ; d. 1201 
Agnes, qvieen of France, consort of Philip Augustus, 

1196 ;</. 1201 R.D. 

Agnes of Austria, wife of Andrew, king of Hungary ; 

1280-1364 E.D. 

Agnes, comtesse d'Orlamunde ; 13th cent. D. 

Agnes Sorel, mistress of Charles VII. of France ; 

1409—1450 D.R. 

Agnesi, Maria Gaetano, Italian mathematician and 

scholar; 1718-1799 R.D. 

Agnesi, Maria Theresa, Italian musical composer ; 

6. 1724* 
Agnew, Sir Andrew, English military officer ; d. 1721 
Agnew, Sir Andrew ; d. 1849 
Agnew, Patrick Alexander Vans, English genealogist ; 

(/. 1848 
Agnodice, Athenian midwife; 5th cent. (?) B.C. d.x. 
Agnolo, Bapcio d', Italian architect and sculptor ; 

1460—1543 D.c. 

Agnolo, Francesco, Florentine painter ; 1545* B. 

Agnolo, Gabriele, Italian architect; d. 1510 B.D. 

Agnonides, Athenian demagogue ; B.C. 318 X. 

Agnonidus, Greek orator ; 3d cent. D. 

Agnosciola, Sophonisbe, Italian portrait painter; d. 

1620 D.N. 

Ago, dTike of Frinli ; 651 

Agotoard, archbishop of Lyons ; 779—840 C.R.D. 

AgoccMe, Giovanni delle, Italian writ.; 16th cent. D. 
Agoneau, Georges d', Fr. litterateur; 16th cent. P. 
Agop, Jacques, Armenian patriarch ; b. 1807 F. 

Agop, .Johannes, Armenian priest ; 1670- D.Q. 

Agoracritus, Greek sculptor of Faros ; 5fch cent. 

B.C. D.U.X. 

Agostarie, Giovanni, Italian jurist and jjhysician ; 

(/. 1282 D. 

Agosti, Giulio, Italian poet; d. 1704 D.r.u. 

Agostina {the maid ofSarnf)os<a),^iyan. heroine; (/. 18:^6 
Agostini, CSiovanni Padre Degli, Italian Franciscan 

savant ; 1701— 1755 D.r, 



AGO 



15 



AHL 



Ag'OStini, Leonardo, Italian antiq. ; d. 1686* C.T.K.D.U. 
Agostini, Michel, Span.agric. writ. ; 1500*— 1630 D.G. 
Agostini, Nicola degli, It;iliau poet ; 1521 d.b.U. 

Agostino, Ital. scxilp. and architect; 1296 — 1338 D.E. 
Agostino (Canieri'o), Italian printer ; 1474 D.R.B. 

Agostino, Paolo, Italian musician and composer ; 

1593-1029 C.R.D. 

Agostino dalle Prospettive.Bolognese paint. ; 1525 t.b. 
Agoub, Joseph, French orientalist and litterateur ; 

1795—1832 F.D.U. 

Agoult, Antoine-Jean, Vicomte d', French general; 

1750-1828 _ F.D.U. 

Agoult, Charles-Constance-Cesar-Loup-J oseph, Mat- 

thieu d', bp. of Pamiers, author; 1747—1824 D.R.U. 
Agoult, Guillaume, Provengal poet ; d 1181 c.U.D. 
Agoult, Slarie de Flavigny, Comtesse d' [Daniel 

Stern), French authoress ; b. 1800 D. 

AgTseiis, Claude-Jean, Swedish jurist; 17tlicent. D.K.U. 
Agrsetius, Latin rhetorician ; 4th cent. u. 

A.gra3ius, oi- Agrceius, Eoman rhetorician D. 

AgraiiijEustache d', viceroy of Jerusalem; 1096* u.E.u. 
Agram, Huges d', crusader; 1182 D.U. 

Agrate, Mario Ferrerio, Ital. sculptor ; 15tli cent. D. 
Agraulos, or Agraule, Greek legendary heroine D. 
A.graz, Antoine, Italian savant ; 1640—1672 D.K. 

Agreda y Varegas, Don Diego, Span. litt. ; 1620* d. 
Agreda, Marie d', Spanish nun and authoress ; 

1602—1665 c.i.D.u. 

Agresta, Don Ai^ollinario, general of the order of St 

Basil ; 1690* _ D. 

Agresti, Livio da Forli, Italian historical painter ; d. 

1580* T.B.D. 

Agricius, Censorius-Atticus, rhetorician and professor 
of Belles-Lettres at Bordeaux ; 370 D. 

Agricius, ]\Iatthias, German poet ; 1588 D. 

Agricola, Cnajius Julius, Koman general, governor of 
Britain; 6. 40, d. 93 C.U.K. 

Agricola, L. Virius, consul of Home ; 230 H. 

Agricola, consul of Pome ; 421 li. 

Agricola, Bartholomeus, German jurist ; 1619 D. 

Agricola, Christoj^h-Ludwig, German engraver and 
painter ; 1607— 1719 b.u.e. 

Agricola, Emerau-Wilhelm, German antiq.; 1680 D. 

Agricola, Franz, German theol. and author ; d. 1621 D. 

Agricola, George (or Waiter), German mineralogist and 
savant; 1494—1555 U.R.c. 

Agricola, Georg-Andreas, German physician and 
philosopher; 1672—1738 G.D.U. 

Agricola, Georg-Ludwig, Ger. mus.; 1043 — 1676 d.k. 

Agricola, Ignaz, German Jesuit and writer; 1727 K. 

Agricola, Johanu, German physician, 17th cent. CD. 

Agricola, Johann, German reformer ; c?. 1547 U.D.6. 

Agricola, Johann-Ammonius, German j)hysician ; d. 
1570 D.E. 

Agricola, Johann-Friederich, German music com- 
poser; 1718—1774 R.D.u. 

Agricola, Johann-Georg, German physician ; 1600 U. 

Agricola, Johaun or Schnitter {Inlchiics), German 
controversial divine ; 1492 — 1566 R.D. 

Agricola, Magnus, German Benedictine scholar; 1640 — 
1708 D. 

Agricola, Martin, German musician ; 1540* D. 

Agricola, Michel, bishop of Abo, translator of the 
Bible; d. 1557 U.K.C. 

Agricola, Eodolpli or Huysmann, German philoso- 
pher ; 1442-1485 C.R.D.u 

Agrippa, Greek astronomer ; 92 U.H. 

Agrippa, Camillo, Italian philosopher, mathemati- 
cian, and architect ; 15i0 CD. 

Agrippa, Castor, ecclesiastical writer ; 12S D. 

Agrippa, Cornelius, Italian architect ; 16th cent. U. 

Agrippa, Dec Haterius, consul of Rome ; 22 n. 

Agrippa, Furius Futus, Roman consul ; B.C. 440 H. 

Agrippa, Herod, k. of Judaea ; B.C. 10— A. D. 44 u.d.h. 

Agrippa, Herod, son of Herod Agrippa, king of 
Judffia, superintendent of the temple ; 20 — 90 u.R. 

Agrippa, Livio, Italian physician and astrol. ; 1580* D. 



Agrippa, Mai-cus-Julius, grandson of Augustus ; b. 
B.c 12, d. A.T>. 14 D.B. 

Agrippa, Marcus Vipsanius, Roman general and con- 
sul ; b. B.C. 03 U.R.X. 

Agrippa, M. Lanatus, consul of Rome ; B.C 503 D.H.X. 

Agrippa, M. Asinius, consul of Rome ; 25 H. 

Agrippa de Netteslieim, Henry-Cornelius, German 
philosopher; 1486—1535 u.R. 

Agrippina I., consort of Gerroojiicus ; b. B.C. 12, 
d. A.D. 33 E.U.X. 

Agrippin, bishop of Carthage ; 217 h.d. 

Agrippina II., consort of Domitius, and mother of 
Nero; 15* — 59 u.E.X 

Agrippinus, bishop of Alexandria ; 168 H. 

Agroecius, or Agrcetius, Roman gram. ; 5th cent. 

Agrote, Antonio, Italian architectural painter ; 1750 B. 

Aguado, Alexandre-Maria, marquis de las Marismas, 
Spanish banker ; 1784—1842 d.e. 

Aguado, Francisco, Spanish Jesuit, minister of Philip 
IV. ; 1566—1654 _ cu. 

Aguani, Juvenal d', German theologian ; 17thcent. D.Q, 

Aguas, Juan d', Spanish theologian ; 17th cent. d. 

AgUCCMa, Giovanni, Ital. engraver; 16th cent. B.N.u. 

Agucchia, Lactanzio, Italian mathematician ; 1650 D. 

AgUCCMo, Giambattista, archbishop of Amasia, secre- 
tary to Gregory XV. ; 1570—1632 D.U.CR. 

Aguero, Bartholomeo, Hidalgo de, Spanish physician 
and medical author ; 1531—1597 D. 

Aguerro, Benoit Emmanuel, Spanish landscape 
painter; 1626—1670 B.u.D. 

Aguesseau, Henri-Cardiu-Jean-Eaptiste, Comte d', 
French diplomatist and senator ; 1746 — 1826 D.R.U. 

Aguesseau, Henry Francois d', French orator and 
chancellor of France ; 1608 — 1751 c.U.R.D. 

Agui, king of Bantam, in Java ; 17th cent. D.U. 

Aguiar, Tommaso de, Spanish painter; 1650 B.D. 

Aguila, Charles-Francois-Ernest-Henri d', French en- 
gineer, officer, and traveller ; d. 1815 D.U.R. 

Aguila, Francisco del, fresco painter ; 1570 B, 

Aguila, Miguel del. Span. hist, painter ; d. 1736 B. 

Aguilar, Antonio, Spanish litterateur ; 1720* D. 

Aguilar, Francisco, Spanish physician ; 1578* D. 

Aguilar, Gasparo de, Spanish litterateur ; 1000 D. 

Aguilar, Grace, English Jewish authoress ; 1816—1847 

Aguilar, Melchior-Louis de Bon de Margarit, Mar- 
quis d', French litterateur ; 1755 — 1838 D. 

Aguilera (the Doctor), Spanish jurist ; 15.50 D. 

Aguilera, Diego de, Spanish jiainter ; 1580* B.D. 

Aguillon, Francois d', Jesuit and philosopher of 
Brussels ; 1567—1617 cu.R.D. 

Aguirra, Joseph Saeny de, cardinal, author, and com- 
piler; 1630— 1699 R.D.u.E, 

Aguirre, Francisco de. Span. port, painter ; 1646 B. 

Aguirre, Miguel de, Spanish jurist; d. 1588 D.E.u. 

Agutler, William, English divine ; d. 1835 

Agylee, Henri, Fr. jurist and writ. ; 1533—1595 U.D.C 

Agyrius, or Agyrrhios, Athenian demagogue, com- 
mander of the fleet ; 389 X.D. 

Ahab, king of Israel ; d. B.C. 876 d. 

Ahala, C. Servilius, consul of Rome ; B.C. 478 H.x. 

Ahala, Q. Servilius, consul of Rome; B.C. 342 H.X. 

Ahasuerus, Xerxes, king of Persia ; B.C. 462 D.H. 

Ahaz, king of Judaea, B.C. 767 ; d. 72G D.U. 

Aliaziah, king of Israel ; B.C. 896 

Ahenobarbus, Cn. Domitius, consul of Rome; B.C. 
192 H.x. 

AlienolDarbus, Cn. Dom., con. of Rome; B.C. 162 h.x. 

Ahenobarbus, Cn. Dom., con. of Rome ; B.C. 122 h.x. 

Aiienobarbus, Cn. Dom., con. of Rome; B.C. 96 H.X. 

Ahenobarbus, Cn. Dom., con. of Rome; 32 H.X. 

Ahenobarbus, L. Dom., con. of Rome ; B.C. 94 H.x. 

Ahenobarbus, L. Dom., con. of Rome; B.C. 54 H.x. 

Ahenobarbus, L. Dom., con. of Rome; B.C. 16 H.x. 

Ahijah, Jewish projihet ; B.C. 924 D. 

AMmelech, high-priest of the Jews ; 11th cent. B.C D. 

AMtophel, councillor of King David ; d. B.C. 1023 n. 

Ablborn, Swedisli paintress ; b. 1829 F. 



AHL 



Ifi 



AIN 



Alile, Johann-Georg, German music composer ; 1650 — 
1707 _ D.K. 

Ahle, Johann-Rudolph, German music composer ; 
1625—1673 U.K. 

Ailstrom, Johann, Danish astronomer ; 17fch cent. D. 

AMwardt, Christian-Wilhelm, German philologist ; 
1760—1830 D.R.U. 

Ahlwardt, Peter, German theologian and philosopher ; 
1710—1791 C.U.R.D. 

Ahmad-Shali, Schnh-i-Douri-Douran, founder of Can- 
dahar; 1724-1772 D.U. 

Ahmed, king of Saragossa; d. 1109 

Ahmed, or Achmet I., Ottoman emp. ; 1590—1017 D.U. 

Ahmed, or Achmet 11. ; 1643—1695 e.d.u. 

Ahmed, 07- Achmet III. ; 1673—1739 k.d.u. 

Ahmed, or Achmet, dey of Algiers, 1805 ; (/. 1808 D. 

Ahmed Ahou-Mazar, Arabian physician; 813 I). 

Ahmed Al-Mekkarl, Ben-Mohaumied, Arabian his- 
torian ; 1577—1632 D. 

Ahmed Ben Alhassan, poet and robber of Silves, in 
Algrave; d. 1189 R. 

Ahmed-Ben-Fares {El-Razi), Arabian lexicographer 
and jurist ; d. 999 C.U.D. 

Ahmed Ben Mohammed, Abou-Amrou, Arabian his- 
torian and poet ; d. 970 C.U.R.D. 

Ahmed-Ben-Thouloun, Aboul- Abbas, king of Egypt ; 
835—884 u.D. 

Ahmed-Fethi, pacha, Ottoman grand master of artil- 
lery; 1818 F. 

Ahmed-Ibn-Abdi-R-RahliiM, Arabian historian and 
poet; 860-940 D. 

Ahmed-Itan-Aratoshah, Guerasp, Arabian historian ; 
d. 1450 D. 

Ahmed-Khan, Nicodar or Nijgoudar, " emperor of 
Persia; 1282 D.U. 

Ahmed-Nasser-Scheaheddyn, sultan of Egypt ; 1342 u. 

Ahmed-Resmi-Hadji, merchant, chancellor of Mus- 
taphalll., ambassador, 1758-63 u.E. 

Ahmed-Rifaat, pacha, Ottoman general ; 6. 1825 F. 

Ahmed-Vefik, Ottoman statesman and i^ublicist ; 6. 
1818 F. 

Ahmet-Ghiedicli, grand-vizier of Mahomet II. ; d. 
1482 u. 

Ahrendt, German antiquary and paleographer ; 1769 — 
1824 u. 

Ahrens, Heinrich, German jurist and writ. ; h. 1808 F. 

Ah.uitzol, emperor of tlie Aztecs, Mexico, 1477; d. 
1502 U.D. 

Ahyton, or Heyton, bishop of Bale ; 821 D. 

Aibek, Azed-Eddyn, sultan of Egypt, 1254; d. 
1257 U.E.D. 

Aicard, Jean, French litterateur ; 6.1815 F. 

Aicardo, Giovanni, Italian architect ; d. 1625 u. 

Aicardo, Giacomo, Italian architect ; d. 1650 D. 

Aicarts de Fossat, Fr. troubadour; 13th cent. U.K. 

Aicher, Peter-Othon, German Benedictine, antiquar3% 
historian, and critic ; d. 1705 C.g.U.d. 

Aicken, F., Englisli actor ; 1805 

Alcken, James, Enghsh actor ; d. 1803 

Aickia, Jos. Clerk, English divine : 1705 

Aidan, bishop of Lindisfarne, 035-51 ; (/. 651 C.R.?.D. 

Aidan, bishop of Glendaloch ; 7th cent. c. 

Aidan, bishop of Mayo ; 768 c. 

Aidius, Andreas, German philosopher; 1610* 1). 

Aiffre, Raymond Bene, French painter ; h. 1806 r. 

Aig'enler, Ailam, German Jesuit and missionary ; 
1633—1673 d.u)q. 

Aigler, Bernard, French prelate and cardinal; d. 
1282 D.U. 

Aignan, , French physician ; 1644—1709 d. 

Aignan, Etieuue, French poet and political writer; 
1773-1824 f.u.d. 

Aignaux, Autoine {le Chevalier), French writer ; 
1560* c.u.U. 

Aignaux, Robert [Ic Chevalier), Fr. writ. ; 1565* c.U.R. 

Aigrefeuille, Charles d', canon of Montpellier, his- 
torian ; 1740 C.U, 



Aigrefeuille, Fulcrant - Jean - Joseph - Hyacinthe d', 
French magistrate ; 1700— 1771 " D.U. 

Aigrefeuille, Marquis d', French procureur-general ; 
1745-1818 u.D. 

AigTieberre, or AigTiehert, Jean-Dumas d', Fr. coun- 
cillor of jjarliament of Toulouse ; 1692 — 1755 d.r. 

Aiguillard, Pierre d', Fr. advocate and poet ; 1580 D. 

Agnille, Marquis d', president of the parliament of 
Aix D. 

Aiguillon, Armand- Louis de Vignerot, Due d', French 
author; 1683—1750 U.D. 

Aig'uiUon, Armand de Vignerot, Due d', governor of 
Britany; 1720—1780 U.D. 

Aiguillon, Armand de Vignerot-Duplessis-Richelieu, 
Due d', French statesman; d. 1800 D.U. 

Aiguillon, Marie-Madeleine de Vignerot, Duchesse d', 
sister of Cardinal Richelieu ; (/. 1675 U.D. 

Aiken, William, gov. of South Carolina ; h. 1806 e. 

Aikenhead, Thomas ; ex. 1697 

Aikeran, Irish wi-iter ; d. 065 

Aikin, Arthur, English scientific writer; 1784—1854 

Aikin, Charles-Robert, Englisii physician ; 1814 D. 

Aikin, Edmund, English architect ; d. 1820 

Aikin, John, English M.D., litterateur, and bio- 
grapher; 1747—1822 E.U. 

Aikin, Lucy, English authoress ; 1781—1864 

Aikman, Alexander, English journalist ; d. 1838 

Aikman, James, English poet ; 1824 

Aikman, William, Scottish portrait painter ; 1082 — 
1731 c.R.u. 

Ailbe, St, bishop of Emly, 448* ; cl. 527* c. 

Ailesbury, Charles Brudeuell Bruce, Marquis of; d. 
1856 

Ailesbury, Robert, Earl of ; d. 1685 

Ailesbury, William-Frederic Brudenell Bruce, Mar- 
quis of, English statesman ; b. 1813 F. 

AUhaud, Jean-Gaspard, Fr. phys. ; 1674—1756 d.r. 

Aim, bishop of Clogher ; 898 c. 

Ailild, or Olild I., abp. of Armagh, 513-26 ; d. 526 c. 

Ailild II., archbishop of Armagh, 526-36 ; d. 536 c. 

AilioU, bishop and abbat of Foure ; 869 c. 

Aillaud, Pierre-Toussaint, Fr. litt. ; 1759-1826 F.D.u. 

Ailly, Pierre d', cardinal, French theological writer ; 
1350—1420* C.U.D. 

Ailly, Pierre d', French surgeon ; 1620—1684 D.u. 

Ailred, or Ealred, of Rievaux, English historian and 
abbot of Revesby ; 1109—1166 C.E.D. 

Ailsa, Archibald, Marquis of ; d. 1846 

Ailsa, Archibald Kennedy, Marquis of, English states- 
man ; b. 1816 F. 

Ailvyw, St ; 6th cent. 

Ailward, John-Augustus, English writ. ; 16th cent. D. 

AUward, Simeon, Englisli poet ; 1456 

Ailwyn, English liermit ; 975* 

Aimar-Rivault, French jurist ; 15th cent. U.D. 

Aimar-Vernai, Jacques, French impostor; 17th 
cent. D.R.U. 

Aime, Jean de Cliavigny, French poet; b. 1604 D. 

Aimeri de Peguilain, French troubadour; 1175— 
1255* u.R. 

Aimeric-Malefaye, patriarch of Antioch, 1142, re- 
former of the Carmelites ; d. 1187 U.R. 

Aimeric de Sarlat, French troubadour ; 1200 d. 

Aimerich (Padre), Matteo, Spanish philologist ; 
1715—1799 u.R. 

Aimi, Battista, Ital. jurist and geometrician ; 1550 D. 

Aimoin of Fleury, Fr. Benedictine, hist. ; d. 1008 u.R. 

Aimon, or Aime de Varenne, Freucli poet; 13th 
cent. D.R. 

Aimou, Pamphile Leopold Francois, French com- 
poser ; b. 1779 F. 

Aindjy-Soliman, grand-vizier to sultan Mahomet IV. ; 
1685 D. 

Aine, Marie-Jean-Baptiste-Nicolas d', French master 
of requests and jntcndant of I'aris ; 1733 — 1804 u.D. 

Ainger, AVill., principal of St Bees College ; d. 1840 

Ainmire, archbishop of Armagh, 874-75 ; d. 875 



AIN 



17 



ALA 



Ainmuller, Maximilian-Emmanuel, German painter; 

h. 1807 D.l'. 

Ainolph, St ; 740 

Aiuslie, Alexander. Englisli physician ; 18o4 
Ainslie, George - Eobert, Englisli general ; 1776 — 

1839 g.-D.V. 

Ainslie, Henry, English physician ; d. lf>?A 
Ainslie, John, English hydrographer ; 1772 
Ainslie, John, English engineer ; 1812 
Ainslie, Eoberfc Hope, English miscellaneous writer ; 

d. 1838 
Ainsworth, George, English author ; 15S0 q. 

Ainsworth, Henry, English Nonconformist divine and 

translator; d. 1622* C.R.D. 

Ainsworth, James, English surgeon ; d. 1853 
Ainswortti, Jeremiah, English mathematician; 1783 
Ainsworth, Robert. English grammarian and archseo- 

logist ; 1660—1743 C.K.W. 

Ainsworth, Samuel, English divine ; 1679 
Ainsworth, Thomas, English divine ; 1719 
Ainsworth, William, English sacred poet ; 1662 
Ainsworth, William-Francis, English physician and 

geologist ; h. 1807 D. M. 

Ainsworth, William Harrison, English novelist ; h. 

1805 M.D. 

Aio, English chronicler ; 974 

Aion I., duke of Benevento, 641 ; d. 642 U. 

Aion II., duke of Benevento, 8S4 ; d. 890 u. 

Aion, chief of the Lombards ; 379 U. 

Aiouh-Ben-Chady, Nedjiu-Eddyn, chief of the 

Aioubites of Egypt ; d. 1173 D. 

Airay, Christopher, English divine ; 1601—1670 a.c.R. 
Airay, Henry, Eng. div. and author, 1559 — 161Ga.c.E. 
Aird, James, Scotch divine ; d. 1689 
Aird, Thomas, Scottish poet ; h. 1802 a.M.e. 

Aird, William, English divine ; 1584 
Airenti, Giovanni- Vincenzio, archbishop of Genoa, 

antiquary ; 1767—1831 U. 

Aires, Joseph, English divine ; 1715 
Airey, Sir George, English military officer ; d. 1833 
Airey, Sir Richard, English major-general ; 6. 1801 M. 
Airlie, David Graham Drummond Ogilvy, Earl of, 

Scotch peer ; 6. 1826 r. 

Airly, David, Earl of ; d. 1803 
Airly, James, first Earl of ; 1647 
Airmeadach, bishop of Clogher ; 706* c. 

Airola, Donna Angiola Veronica, canoness of Genoa, 

painter; d. 1670 b.u.d. 

Alroli,Giacomo-Mario,ltal. Jesuit, hebraist; 1710 u.D. 
Airy. See Airay and Airey. 
Airy, George Biddell, English astronomer-royal ; h. 

1801 M. 

Aiscough, William, bp. of Salisbury, 1438; d. 1450 d.l. 
Aisha, Spanish poetess ; 12th cent. 
Aislabie, John, Eng. chancellor of exchequer ; d. 1742 
Aisee, Circassian adventuress ; 1693 — 1733 U.K. 

Aitken, James, English painter ; d. 1777 
Aitken, John, Scottish surgeon ; d. 1790 d. 

Aitken, John, English miscellaneous writer ; d. 1833 
Aitken, Rob. , Amer. author and printer ; 1734—1802 A. 
Aitken, WiUiam, English divine ; 1767 
Aitkin, David, English hydrographer ; 1771 
Aitkin, Thomas Johnson, English writer on physio- 
logy ; d. 1843 
Aitkins, James, bp. of Moray, 1677; Galloway, 1680 k. 
Alton, William, English botanist ; 1731—1793" c.E.u.e. 
Aitzema, Foppe van, Dutch jurist and diplomatist ; 

d. 1640* K.U. 

Aitzema, Leon van, Dutch historian; 1600—1661 C.D.R. 
Aiutaniichristo,Elisabetta, Italian poetess; d.l5S0 U.D. 
Aivazovski, Gabriel, Armenian author ; b. 1812 M. 
Aivazovski, Ivan, Armenian marine painter; h. 1817 M. 
Aix, Fran9ois d', Fr. jurist and advocate; 17th cent. D. 
Ajala, Martin -Perez de, archbishop of Valencia, 

1504—1566 D.E.U. 

Ajax, Homeric hero X.u.D. 

Ajax, son of Telamon x.d. 



Ajello, St d', chief of the military school at Palermo; 

1610 u.D. 

Ajello, Sebastiano, Italian M.D. and author; 17th 

cent. u.D. 

Ajo, duke of Eeneventum, warrior; d. 642 
Ak-Sankar-Bourski, sultan of Aleppo, 1125; d. 1127 u. 
Akakia, Martin, French m.u., surgeon at the royal 

college; 1.539-1.588 c.D.u. 

Akakia, Martin {Sans-Malice), French M.D. and au- 
thor ; d. 1551 D.iJ. 
Akbar, Djellal-oud-dine-Mohamed, emperor of Hin 

dostan; 1542—1605 r.d. 

Akbeh-Ben-Nafy, Arabian gov. of Africa ; d. 682 U. 
Aken, John van, Dutch etcher ; 1614 b. 

Aken, Joseph van, Flemish artist ; d. 1749 b. 

Akenside, Mark, English poet; 1721—1770 W.E.C.D. 
Akerblad, John-David, Swedish antiquary and philo- 
logist ; 1760—1819 u.e.d. 
Akerhoom, Dutch painter ; 17th cent. b. 
Akerel, Friedrich, Swedish engraver ; 1748—1804 D. 
Akerly, Samuel, American medical and scientific 

writer; 1785—1845 a. 

Akerman, John Yonge, English author ; h. 1805 
Akermann, Andreas, Swed. engraver; 1718— 1778 D.u. 
Akerstoot, Willem, Dutch painter and engi-aver ; 17th 

cent. D. 

Akersloot, Willem, Dutch engraver, 1600*— 1651* B. 
Akhtal (Ghiath), Arabian poet D.U. 

Akiba, Ben Joseph, Jewish rabbi ; d. 135 E.O.C. 

AkimofF, Russian painter ; (Z. 1814 n.e.u.d. 

Akoui, Tartar general and statesman ; 1777 U.R.D. 
Akra, Abraham, Jewish author r. 

Akrel, Frederick, Swedish artist ; h. 1748 B. 

Akrell, Carl Frederic, Swedish topographer ; h. 1779 F. 
Akrisc, Levantine Jewish author ; 1562 R. 

Akroyd, Edward, English M.P. ; b. 1810 
Ala, Giovanni-Battista, Italian mus. ; 1580 — 1612 D.l. 
Alabardi, Guiseppe (iichioppi), Italian painter ; 16th 

cent. T.D. 

Alabaster, William, English theol. ; 1567—1640 c.R.o. 
Alacampe, Edward, English Jesait ; 1581—1646 R. 
Alachis, duke of Trent and Brescia ; d. 690 
Alacoque, Margareta or Marie, French nun and 

visionary ; 1647 — 1672 u. D. 

Ala-Ed-Dewlet, prince of Syria ; d. 1515 d. 

Ala-Ed-Din, founder of the empire of the Osmanlis ; 

1370'^ D. 

Alaeddin, last of the Seljukian sultans ; 1297 
Ala-Ed-Din-Keykobad, Turkish prince, Asia-Minor, 

1220 ; d. 1237 D. 

Ala-Ed-Din-Mohammed, sovereign of Khowaresme; 

d. 1220 D. 

Ala Eddyn I., 29th emperor of Hindostan ; d. 1316 U.R. 
Ala Eddyn Hassan, chief of the Ghanrides, Eastern 

Persia, 1151 ; d. WW R. 

Ala-Eddyn, o?- Aladin, sultan of Anatolia, 1219; d. 1236 
Alagon, Don Artal d', count of Sastago, Spanish 

Franciscan and writer ; d. 1590* D. 

Alagon, Louis d', French dix^lomatist and traitor ; d. 

1605 D.E. 

Alagona, Artelouche d', chamberlain to the king of 

Sicily; 1570* D. 

Alahmar,Ben-Mohamed,kingofGrenada;dl237 D.u. 
Alahor, governor of Egypt ; 715 
Alaimo, or Alajmio, Marc-Antonio, Italian physician 

and author ; 1590— 1662 C.R.D.r. 

Alain, king of the Alains D. 

Alain I., duke of Britany ; 560—594 D.L.U, 

Alain II. [the Lorn/) ; 630—690 D.L.u. 

Alain III. ; d. 907 d.l.u. 

Alain IV. ; d. 952 D.L.u. 

Alain V. ; d. 1040 d.l.u. 

Alain VI. ; d. 1119 , d.l.u. 

Alain Chartier, French author and chronicler ; 1386— 

1458 D. 

Alain-de-L'Isle, bishop of Auxerre, French theolo- 
gian; d. 1181 or 2 E.O.U.D. 

B 



ALA 



18 



ALB 



Alain de L'Isle {Docteur universel), Prench theologian; 

1114-1203* E.c.u.D. 

Alain, Nicolas, French physician ; 16th cent. D. 

Alain, Rene, French dramatic author ; 1680 — 1720 U.D. 
Alain, William (Cardinal of Ewjland), controver- 
sialist ; 1541 — 1594 D. 
Alain de Solmlniliac, bishop of Cahors, French pre- 
late ; 1593—165!) D. 
Alain of Tours, French Benedictine, ^vriter ; 1350 D. 
Alaix, Spanish general and statesman ; 1839 D. 
Alajtas, king of Badajos ; 1080 
Al-Akafsh, Aboul-Hacan, Arabian grammarian ; d. 

830 D. 

Al-Akafsh, Aboul-Hacan-Ali, Arabian gi-ammarian ; 

d. 927 D. 

Al-Akafsh, Aboul-Hamid, Arabian grammarian D. 
Alalcona, Guiseppe, Italian jurist; 1670—1749 t.d. 
Alaman, Lucas, Mexican statesman; d. 1853 e.F. 

Alaman, Sicard d', favourite and minister of the 

count of Toulouse ; d. 1275 D. 

Alamande, Philippe, Fr. female scholar ; d. 1478 D. 
Alamanni. See Alemanni. 
Alamanni, Cosmo, Italian Jesuit and writer ; 1559 — 

1634 D.R. 

Alamanni, Gaetano, Bolognese painter ; d. 1782 b. 
Alamanni, Guiseppe, Italian Jesuit and writer ; 1572 — 

1630 K. 

Alamanni, Luigi, Italian poet ; 1495—1556 c.i.D. 

Alamanni, Pietro, Italian painter ; 1489 B.T. 

Alamir, prince of Tarsus ; 9th cent. D. 

Alamos de Barrientos, Don Balthasar, Spanish philo- 
logist; 1550*— 1640* c.D.R. 
Alamundar, king of the Saracens ; 509 D. u. 
Alan, abbot of Tewkesbury and author ; 1171* — 

1201 U.D. 

Alan, bishop of Elphin ; 1224* c. 

Alan, bishop of Argyle, 1250 ; d. 1262 h 

Alan, bishop of Caithness, chancellor of Scotland ; 

1291 D. 

Alan of Herbepolls, Scotch writer ; d. 1455 
Alan, Lumsdandus, English antiquary ; 1395 
Alan of Lynn, English theologian ; d. 1420 U.D.C. 
Alan, or Aleyn, John, archbishop of Dublin, 1529 ; 

d. 1534 cm. 

Alan, or Allen, William, English cardinal, archbishop 

of Malines, political writer ; 1532 — 1594 C.w.r.d.u. 
Aland, John, Baron Fortescue, English judge ; 1670 — 

1746 R.D.C./. 

Aland, William, Flemish author ; 1572—1644 p.c. 
Alandus, John, Polish Jesuit, biographer and ascetic 

writer ; 1561 — 1641 D. 

Alanson, Edward, English divine ; 1734 
Alanson, Edward, English surgeon ; 1747—1823 CD. 
Alanson, John, English Jesuit ; d. 1 684 R. 

Alanus of Fifedale, Scottish Augustine monk and 

writer ; d. 1421 D. 

Alanus de Insulus. See Alain de L'Isle. 
Alanus, Johann, Danish writer ; 1563 — 1031 D. 

Alanzet, Francois Isidore, Fr. polit. economist; h. 1807 
Alapi, Constantine, Austrian poet ; 1698 — 1752 D. 
Alar, Franpois-Antoine, French Dominican, prior of 

St Paul, Valenciennes D. 

Alarcon, Alouso de, canon of Ciudad-Rodrigo ; 17th 

cent. D.E. 

Alarcon, Don Antonio Suarez, Spanish historian ; 

1636—1663 D.E. 

Alarcon, Hernando de, Span, navigator; 10th cent. d.e. 
Alarcon y Mendoza, Don Juau Kuiz de, Spanish 

American poel ; d. 1635* d.e. 

Alarcon y Beaumont, Don Luis Kuiz de, Spanish 

historiographer; 17th cent. d.e. 

Alard, Franyois, Flemish theologian ; d, 1578 D.u. 
Alard, Jean Delphin, French violonist ; h. 1815 F. 
Alard, Lambert, German historian and Utterateui ; 

1602—1672 D.R. 

Alard, Marie- Joseph-Louis, French M.D. and surgeon , 

1779-1850 D. 



Alard, Nicolaus, German biogr.apher ; 1683 — 1756 d.q. 
Alard, Wilhelm, German pastor and writer; 1572 — 

1644 or 5 B. D. 

Alard, or Adalard, viscount of Flanders, founder of 

the hospice of Aubrae ; 11th cent. D. 

Alard, or Adelard, Dutch priest ; 1490—1544 D.u. 
Alaric I., king of the Visigoths, 382 ; d. 410 e.d. 

Alaric II., 484-507 ; d. 507 r.d. 

Alary, Antoine, French soldier ; 1800 F. d. 

Alary, Barthelemy, French chemist ; 1680 D. 

Alary, Etienne-Aime, French priest and almoner to 

the prince of Conde, 1792 ; 1762*— 1819 d.u. 

Alary, Franpois, French printer ; 1701 u.R. 

Alary, George, French superior of the missionaries ; 

1731—1817 U.R. 

Alary, or Alario, Giovanni, Ital. jurist; 17th cent. U.D. 
Alary, Jean, French advocate and poet ; 1600 D. 

Alary, Jules Abraham Eugene, French musician and 

composer ; h. 1814 F. 

Alary, Pierre Joseph, tutor of Louis XV. and acade- 
mician ; 1689 or 90— 1770 r.d.u. 
Alasco, or A Lasco, Jean, bishop and writer, Polish 

reformer ; 1499— 1560 C.D.u. 

Al-Ashari, Aboul-Hacan-Ali-Ebn-Ismael, founder of 

the sect of A sharites ; 860 — 935 D. 

Alashkar, or Alishkar, Moses, African rabbi, judge, 

and author ; 1500 R. D. 

Alatino, Mose, Italian Jewish phys.; 16tli cent. D.R. 
Alatino, Vitale, Italian physician R. 

Alatrino, Jouhanan-Mordecai, Ital. rabbi ; 1610 D.O.z. 
Alaux, Jean, French painter ; h. 1786 F. 

Alauzet, Franpois Isidore, French economist; h. 1807 F. 
Alava, Miguel-Eicardo d', Spanish genei-al, 1771 — 

1843 D.u. 

Alava^y Beaumont, Diego de, Spanish military writer ; 

b. 1560 D.E. 

Alava Esquivel, Diego d', bishop of Cordova and 

author ; d. 1562 D.E. 

Alava y Navarete, Don Ignacio-Maria de, Spanish 

admiral, 1794 ; d. 1817 D. 

Alavin, chief of the Goths ; d. 378 D.u. 

A'lawy, Nabab Moate-med-El-I\Ielek Sey d' A'lawy- 

Khan, Persian phys. to Nadir Shah ; 1669—1749 D. 
Alaymo, Marc-Antonio, physician of Palermo ; 1590 — 

1662 D.i.c.R. 

Alba, or Alva, Fernando Alvarez, Due d', Spanish 

noble, viceroy of the Netherlands ; 1508 — 1582 e.d. 
Alba, Giacomo, Italian rabbi ; 1600 o.D. 

Alba-Litta, Count d', Italian savant ; 1759 — 1832 u. 
Albacb., Joseph-Stanislas, Hungarian savant ;and 

writer; 6. 1795 F.D. 

Albacini, Carlo, Italian sculptor ; 1780 n.d. 

Alban, St, the lirst Christian martyr of Great Britain ; 
d. 285* R.C. 

Alban, Edmund, English philosopher ; 1340 
Alban, bishop of Bangor, 1195 ; d. 1196 d. I. 

Albanasi, Angelo, Italian engraver ; 18th cent. B. 
Alband, Denis d', French secretaiy of the agi-icultural 

society of St Gaudeus ; 1773 d. 

Alband, Georges d', French assistant secretary of the 

agricultural society of St Gaudeus ; 1773 d. 

Albanesi, Guido-Antonio, It.ilian physician ; 1644 i. D. 
Albaneze, Italian singer and composer; 1729* — 

1800 K.R.D. 

Albani, Alessandro, Italian cardinal and virtuoso ; 
1692-1779 c.D.R. 

Albani, Annibale, cardinal, bishop of Sabine, writer ; 
1682—1750 I.D. 

Albani, Giovanni-Francesco, cardinal, bishop of Ostiu 
and Velletri ; 1720—1803 or '.) _ C.D.R. 

Albani, Giovanni-Geronimo, Italian jurist and car- 
dinal; 1504—1591 C.I.R. 

Albani, Guiseppe, It.alian cardinal and statesman ; 
1750—1834 D. 

Albano, or Albani, Francesco, Italian painter ; 1578 — 
1060 T.CB.U. 

Albano, Giovanni- Battista, ItiJ. painter ; d. 1668 b.r. 



ALB 



19 



ALB 



Albans, Duchess of St (Miss Mellon), English actress ; 

1775*— 1837 _ R.u.ix 

Albans, John of St, English theologian and physician ; 

d. 1253* D. 

Albany, Duke of, regent of Scotland ; 1406 
Albany, Duke of, regent of Scotland, 1514 ; d. 1525 
Albany, Duchess of, natural daughter of the Pre- 
tender ; d. 1789 
Albany, Alexander Stuart, Duke of, son of James II. 

of Scotland ; d. 1485 U. 

Albany, Henry Stuart, Duke of ; d. 1460 
Albany, Robert Stuart, Duke of ; d. 1420 
Albany, John Stuart, Duke of, Scotchman in the 

French service ; d. 1536 R. 

Albany, Louise-Marie-Caroline-Aloise, Countess of, 

wife of the Pretender ; 1753—1824 E.D. 

Albaqui, general of the Mariscos ; d. 1569 R. 

Albaret, d', French architect ; 18th cent. D. 

Albaretti, Italian painter ; 1520* B. 

Albategnius, or Al-Battany, Arabian astronomer, 

877; d. 929 c.d.r. 

Albe, Ferdinando Alvarez of Toledo, Duke of, Spanish 

captain; 1508—1582 d.r. 

Albedyhl, Swedish authoress ; 1810 
Albedybll, Gustave, Barou d', Swedish diplomatist ; 

d. 1819 D. 

Albeladory, Aboul- Abbas-Ahmed, Arabian historian ; 

d. 895 D. 

Albelda, Moses, Greek rabbi and author; 1580* D.o.z. 
Albelius, Simon, Transylvanian savant ; 1596—1654 D. 
Albemarle, Anne Charges, Duchess of; mistress, aftei-- 

wards wife, of General Monk 
Albemarle. See Keppel. 
Albenas, Jean-Joseph, Vicomte d', French officer and 

political writer ; 1760— 1824 D.R. 

Albenas, Jean Poldo d', French lawyer and antiquary ; 

1512—1563 C.D.R. 

Alber, Erasmus, German Protestant preacher, theolo- 
gical writer, and poet ; d. 1553 g.r. 
Alber, Johaun-Nepomuk, Hungarian theologian and 

philosopher ; 1753 — 1840 D. 

Alberdingk TMjm, Jozef Antoine, Dutch author; 

6. 1820 
Albereg'no, Italian painter ; 15th cent. t. 

Alberelli, Giacomo, Venetian painter ; d. 1650* B.T. 
Albergati, Antonio, Italian prelate, bishop of Veglia ; 

1566—1634 D. 

Albergati, Fabio, Ital. political writer ; d. 1605 l.D.C. 
Albergati, Lucio, Italian writer ; 980* D. 

Albergati, Nicola, Italian cardinal ; 1375—1443 D.U. 
Albergati - Capacelli, Francesco, Marquis, Italian 

litterateur and actor ; 1728 — 1804 K.S. 

Albergbetti, Pietro-Francesco, Italian physician and 

chemist ; 1610* D. 

Albergliino, Giovanni, Italian Franciscan chronicler ; 

d. 1644 D.U. 

Albergoni, Padre Eleuthero, Italian preacher ; 1560— 

1636 i.D. 

Albergotti, Francesco, Italian jurist and diplomatist ; 

d. 1376 I.D. 

Albergotti, Luigi, Italian jurist ; 14th cent. e. 

Albergotti, MarceUini, Italian warrior ; 14th cent. R. 
Albergotti, Ulysse, Italian mathematician and astrolo- 
ger ; 17th cent. D. 
Albert, Eugenio, Italian litterateur; b. 1817 f.d. 
Alberic I., marquis of Camerino ; d. 925 D.u. 
Alberic II., governor of Rome, 9.32 ; d. 954 r.u. 
Alberic, count of Burgundy, 969 ; d. 976 
Alberic, monk of Mount Cassino, cardinal, and writer ; 

1050 d! 

Alberic, or Albert, canon of Aix Provence ; 1100 d.u. 
Alberic, French Benedictine cardinal, bishop of Ostia : 

1080-1147 D.u! 

Alberic, bishop of Prague, physician to the king of 

Bohemia ; 1475 D. 

Alberic, Felippo, Italian monk, theologian, and 

writer; 1470—1551 D.l. 



Alberic de Rheims, archbishop of Bourges and writer ; 

d. 1141 ' 

Alberic de Rosate, or Roxiati, Italian jurist; 14th 

cent. ]3_ 

Alberic, Des Trois Fontaines, French monk, historian* 

and poet ; 13th cent. r.d. 

Alberici, Enrico, Italian painter ; 1714—1775 D.B.R. 
Alberici, Giacomo, Italian Augustine biographer ; d. 

1610 D,c, 

Alberini, Rodiana, Italian poetess ; b. 1530* D.I*. 

Alberino, Giorgio di Casale, Italian painter, pupil of 

Moncalvi t, 

Alberon I., or Adalberon, prince-bishop of Liege ; d. 

1129 D.R.L. 

Alberon II. ; rf. 1145 d.l. 

Alberoni, Julio, cardinal, minister of Philip V. ; 1664 — 
1752 C.R.D. 

Albers, Heinrich-Philipp, German physician ; 1768— 
1S30 D.c. 

Albers, Johann -Abraham, German physician and 
writer; 1772-1821 c.R. 

Albers, Johann - Friederich - Herman, German physi- 
cian ; 6. 1805 F.D. 

Albert I., or Albrecbt, emperor, duke of Austria: 
1248—1308 D.u! 

Albert II. (the Wise) ; 1298-1358 d.u. 

Albert III. ; 1347— 1395 d.u. 

Albert IV. (the Pious) ; 1379—1414 d.u. 

Albert V. (the Illustrious), second emperor of Ger- 
many ; 1397—1439 d.u. 

Albert VI. (the Prudic/al), dk. of Austria ; 1418—1463 

Albert, archduke of Austria, governor of the Low 
Countries ; 1559 — 1621 d.r. 

Albert I., or Albrecht (the Bear), margrave of Bran- 
denburg (1 134) ; 1106-1175 or 6 d. R. 

Albert II., 1206 ; d. 1221 d. 

Albert III. (the Achilles and the Ulijsscs), margrave and 
elector of Brandenburg ; 1414—1486 D. 

Albert of Brandenburg, first duke of Prussia ; 1490— 
1568 D. 

Albert L (the Great), duke of Brunswick ; 1278 d. 

Albert II. (the Young) ; d. 1318 d. 

Albert, count of Biandrate, crusader ; 1100 

Albert, marquis of Tuscany ; 1127 

Albert of Cologne, bp. of Armagh, 1240 ; d. 1247 c.d.l. 

Albert, bishop of Bobio, patriarch of Jerusalem, 1204 ; 

U. 

D. 

D.L. 

D.L. 
D.L. 
D.L. 
D.L. 

de- 
D.L. 



d. 1214 
Albert, bishop of Freysingen ; d. 1359 
Albert I., prince-bishop of Liege ; d. 1192 
Albert II. de Cuyck ; d. 1200 
Albert, bishop of Livonia ; 1160—1230 
Albert I., archbishop of Magdeburg, 968 ; d. 981 
Albert II., cardinal, abp. of Magdeburg ; d. 1232 
Albert III., count of Sternberg, archbishop of Ma 

burg ; 1370 
Albert IV., archbishop of Magdeburg ; d. 1403 D.L. 
Albert V., cardinal, abp. of Magdeburg; d. 1545 D.L. 
Albert I., or Albrecht, abp. of Mayeuce ; d. 1137 d.l. 
Albert II., 1138 ; d. 1141 d.l. 

Albert I., or Albrecht, duke of Mecklenburg; d. 

1375 u.D.L. 

Albert IL, king of Sweden ; d. 1412 u.d.l. 

Albert IIL ; d. 1421 u.d.l. 

Albert, prince of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, consort of 

Queen Victoria ; 1819—1861 D.M. 

Albert Edward, prince of Wales ; b. 1841 
Albert, or Albreclit, duke and elector of Saxony, 1212 ; 

d. 1260 D. 

Albert II., 1288 ; d. 1298 d. 

Albert III., 1418 ; d. 1422 d.l. 

Albert, or Albrecht, palatin of Saxony ; d. 1314 d.l. 
Albert (the Warlike), margrave of Biareuth j 1522— 

1558 E.u. 

Albert, count of Holland ; d. 1404 d.l. 

Albert of Aix (Albcrtus Aquensis), canon of Aix, 

historian; 1060—1120 R.u. 

Albert of Alsatia, duke of Lorraine, 1043; d. 1048 u. 



ALB 



20 



ALB 



Albert de Bollstadt (the Ch-eat, Albertus Teutonicus, 
G-rotus Magnus), German philosopher and theo- 
logian ; 1193—1280 D.U. 

Albert of Florence, Italian litterateur ; 13th cent. D.U. 

Albert of Gembloux, Flemish Benedictine, writer ; 
d. 1048 D.U. 

Albert of Metz, French Benedictine, hist.; 1020 d.q. 

Albert de Rioms, Count, French general and com- 
mander of the fleet ; d. 1810 d.r. 

Albert of Saxony, Germ. Dominican savant ; 1330* d. 

Albert de Sisteron, French poet ; 1290 D. 

Albert de Treves, monk of St Matthias and chroni- 
cler ; d. 980 D. 

Albert (Albertus Sigehergensis), German Benedictine ; 
1450* D.Q. 

Albert, Antoine, Fr. jurist and phys ; 1708—1791 d. 

Albert, Arthur Albert Thierry, French dramatic 
author ; h. 1811 F. 

Albert, Caroline Boisseau, French actress ; 6. 1813 F. 

Albert, Casimir, duke of Saxe-Teschen ; 1738—1822 D. 

Albert, Erasmus, German tlieologian ; d. 1551 C.D.u. 

Albert, Franz, German theologian ; 15th cent. D.Q. 

Albert, Friederioh Adolph, archduke of Austria ; 
6. 1817 D.F. 

Albert, Heinrich, German poet and musician ; 1G04 — 
1668 D.R. 

Albert, Heinrich - Christoph, German grammarian ; 
1762-1800 D. 

Albert, Jean, French jurist ; 1680 D. 

Albert, Louis-Joseph d', Fr. colonel ; 1672 — 1758 c.D.E. 

Albert, Martin Alexandre, Fr. journalist ; h. 1815 M. 

Albert, Michel, German physician ; 1682—1757 D. 

Albert, Pedro, canon of Barcelona and writer D. 

Albert, Pierre Antoine, French Protestant minister in 
America; 1766—1806 A. 

Albert, Simon, Dutch historical painter ; h. 1523 B. 

Albert, St, Sicilian Carmelite D.u. 

Albert Durer, German painter and engraver ; 1471— 

1528 E.T.U.B.N.D. 

Albertano of Brescia, Italian judge, statesman, and 
poet ; 1246 c.d.r. 

Albertas, Marquis Suzanne d', French loyalist ; 
1750—1829 E. 

Albertazzi, Madame ; 1812-1847 

Albertet (Albert de Sisteron], French troubadour ; 
13th cent. C.U.R. 

Albertl. See Albert. 

Albert!, Albert, Italian Jesuit ; 1593—1676 D. 

Albert!, Antonio, of Ferrara, j>ortrait painter; 1450 B. 

Albert!, Antonio, Italian painter ; 1.550 b. 

Albert!, Aristotele-Ridolfo-Fioraventi, Italian archi- 
tect and engineer ; 16th cent. C.D.E. 

Albertl, Benedetto, Florentine revolutionist ; 1378 D.R. 

Albert!, CherubLuo, Italian historical painter and 
engraver ; 15.52—1615 b.e.u.C.t. 

Albertl, Domenico, Italian musician ; 18th cent. D.U. 

Albert!, Durante, Italian p.ainter ; 1538 — 1613 b.t. 

Albert!, Fabio, Italian antiquary ; 1787 D. 

Albert!, Fehppo, Italian poet ; 1548—1612 i.d. 

Albertl, Francesco, Italian painter ; 1550* t. 

Albert!, Georg-Wilhelm, German preacher; 1723— 
1758 CD. 

Albert!, Giacomo, ItaHan jurist ; 1420 d. 

Albert!, Giovanni- Andrea, Italian preaclierand author; 
1611—16.57 I.D. 

Albert!, Giovanni, Italian historical painter ; 1558— 

1601 C.B.E.T. 

Albert!, Giovanni-Battista, Italian litterateur; d. 

1660 I.D. 

Albert!, Giuseppe-Antonio, Italian geometrician and 

architect; d. 1768 _ I.D. 

Albert!, Giuseppe-Matteo, Italian violonist and music 

composer ; 1713 D. 

Albert!, Johann, German orientalist and statesman ; 

d. 1559 U.I. 

Albert!, Johannes, Dutch theologian and philosopher ; 

1698—1752 D.U. 



Albert!, Johann-Gustav-Wilhelm, German manufac- 
turer ; 1757— 1837 D.G. 
Alberti.Leander, Italian Dominican, historian ; 1479 — 

1552 c.E.D. 

Albert!, Leone-Battista, Italian architect, painter, 

sculptor, and poet ; 1404—1484 C.E.D. 

Albert!, Luigi, Italian theologian ; 1560—1628 i.D. 
Albert!, Luigi, Italian traveller ; 1800 D.U. 

Albertinell!, Mariotto, Florentine painter ; 1467 — 

1512* T. 

Albert!, Michele, Florentine painter; b. 1527 T.c.B. 
Albert!, Paul-Martin, German hebraist ; 1700 D.U. 
Albert!, Pietro Francesco, Italian painter and en- 

gr.iver ; 1584—1638 B. 

Albert!, Komano, Italian painter ; 1593 D.u. 

Albert!, Salomon, German professor of medicine and 

anatomist ; 1540— 1600 C.D.E. 

Albert! Scotus, English controversialist ; 750 
Albert!, Valentin, German theologian and controver- 
sialist ; 16.35-1697 c.G.D. 
Albert! d! VlUanuova, Francesco d', Italian lexico- 
grapher; 1737—1800 C.R.D. 
Albertinelli, Mariotto diBagio, Italian painter; 1475 — 

1520* B.D.U. 

Albertlni, Francesco, Italian antiquary and savant ; 

lOtliceut, _ c.i.u. 

Albertln!, Giorgio-Francesco, Italian theologian and 

writer; 1732-1810 D. 

Albertini, IppoUto - Francesco, Italian physician ; 

1662—1738 D.E. 

Albertln!, Johann-Baptist, German savant; 1769— 

1831 D.E. 

Albertln!, Paolo, Italian prelate, bishop of Torcello, 

writer; 1430—1475 C.D.E. 

Albertlno, Arnoldo, bishop of Paetes, Sicily, writer ; 

d. 1545 D. 

Albertino, Edmondo, French Calvinist and writer ; 

1595—1652 D.U. 

Albertinus, Aegidius, German poet ; 1560—1620 E.Q. 
Albertoll!, RafifaeUe, Italian etcher and engraver ; 

1770—1812 B. 

Albertoni, Paolo, Italian painter; d. 1095* T.B. 

Albertrandy, Johann Chrzciciel, Polish prelate, anti- 
quary, and historian ; 1731—1808 B.D.F. 
Albertsen, Hamilton H., Danish poet ; 1592—1630 D. 
Albertucc! de Borselli, Girolamo, Italian chronicler ; 

1432-1497 D.I. 

Albertus, German monk, bishop of Lincoln ; 1252 E. 
Albertus, H. C, German portrait painter ; 1660* B. 
Albertus, Magnus, Swabian scholar and voluminous 

writer; 1193 or 1205-1280 C.E. 

Albery, or Aulbery, George, French litterateur ; 

1.590-1659 _ D.U. 

Alb!, Enrico, Italian Jesuit, theologian and scholar ; 

1590—1659 C.U.E. 

Albicante, Giovanni- Alberto, Italian poet; 1540 D.I. 
Alblcus, Sigismund, arclibishop of Prague, 1409 ; d. 

1427 C.D.E. 

Albignac, Baron d', French soldier, aide-de-camp to 

Ney; 1782-1823 E. 

Albignac, Louis-Alexandre, Baron d', French general , 

1739-1820 D.R. 

Alb!gnac,Philippe-Fran9ois-Maurice,Comted', French 

general ; 1775—1824 D.R. 

Albin, Irish writer ; 9th cent. 

Albln, bishop of Brechin ; 1248 i". 

Albln, or De Seres, John, English divine ; d. 1576 
Albln, Eleazar, English painter ; 1760* CD. 

Albln, J., English topogr.aplier ; 1795 
Albln, Robert, English military phys. ; 1630— 1G67 E. 
Albina, Guiseppe(-So£2o), Italian painter, sculptor, and 

architect ; d. 1011 D.P. 

Albine, Roman lady ; 4th cent. D. 

Albineus, Nathan, Swiss chemist and author ; 1650 D. 
Albln!, Alessandro, Italian painter; 1568— 1646 B.R.U.T. 
Alblnl, Franz-Joseph, Baron von, German diidoma- 

tist; 1748—1816 D.3 



ALB 



21 



ALB 



AlTjinl, Oratio, bishop of Benevento ; 1580* D. 

Albinius de Villanova, Pierre-Constant, French astro- 
loger and alchemist ; 1610* D. 

Albino, Giovanni, (Albinus Joannes), Neapolitan his- 
torian ; 1480* P.R.I. 

All)inoiii,Tommaso,ltal.mus. composer; 1694 — 1741 d. 

AlMnovanus, Cains Pedo, Latin poet; B.C. 1st cent. X. 

Albinus, Clodius, Roman general ; 183 

Albinus, Decimiis Chxudius, Roman general, opponent 
of Severus; d. 197 R.D. 

Albinus, abbot of the Augustines of Canterbury ; d. 
732 D.H. 

Albinus, Greek philosopher ; d. 1490* D. 

Albinus, Bernhard ( Weis), German anatomist and 
physician ; 1653— 1721 K.Q. 

Albinus, Bernliard Siegfried, German anatomist, phy- 
sician, and author ; 1697—1770 C.R.D. 

Albinus, Christian-Bernhard, German professor of 
anatomy at Utrecht ; 1696—1752 c.D.R. 

Albinus, Friedrich-Bemard, German professor of 
medicine at Leyden ; 1715—1778 D.U. 

Albinus, Johann, German poet ; d. 1607 D. 

Albinus, or Weiss, Johann Georg, German poet; 
1624—1679 D.U. 

Albinus, Teter (Weiss), German hist. ; d. 1598 c.d.r. 

Albinus, P., Roman governor of Judaea ; 63 

Albinus, Lncius, Rom. consular tribune ; B.C. 379 D.X. 

Albinus, Sp. Postumius, consul of Rome ; B.C. 334 H.x. 

Albinus, Sp. Postumius, consul of Rome ; B.C. 321 H.X. 

Albinus, A. Postumius, consul of Rome ; B.C. 242 H.x. 

Albinus, L. P., consul of Rome ; B.C. 234—229 H.x. 

Albinus, Sp. Postumius, consul of Pvome ; B.C. 186 x.H. 

Albinus, A. Postumius, consul of Rome; B.C. 180 and 
151 X.H. 

Albinus, L. Postumius, consul of Rome ; B.C. 173 x.H. 

Albinus, L. Postumius, consul of Rome; B.C. 1.54 x.H. 

Albinus, Sp. Postumius, consul of Rome ; B.C. 110 X.H. 

Albinus, Nummius, consul of Rome ; 206 H. 

Albinus, Rufius, consul of Rome ; 335 H. 

Albinus, Ceciua, late Roman author, mentioned by 
Macrobius D. 

Albisson, Jean, French jurist ; 1732—1810 D. 

Albitte, Antoine-Louis, French jurist and representa- 
tive ; d. 1812 D.F. 

Albius, Richard, English Jesuit ; 17th cent. CD. 

Mbizzi, Antonio, Italian theologian; 1547—1626 I.D. 

Albizzi, Bartolomeo, Italian Franciscan and theologi- 
cal writer ; d. 1401 C.E.D. 

Albizzi, Pietro, Ital. noblemanand patriot ; d. 1379 K.D. 

Albizzi, Rinaldo, gov. of Florence, 1429 ; d. 1433 E.D. 

Albizzi, Tommaso, gov. of Florence; 1347—1417 E.D. 

Albo, Josef, Spanish rabbi ; d. 1428 or 30 C 0. D. 

Alboin, king of the Lombards, 561 ; d. 573 D.E. 

Alboize du Pujol, Jules Edouard, French dramatic 
author ^ , p. 

Albon, Andre, seigneur de Curis ; 1250—1290 D. 

Al»on, Antoine d', archbishop of Lyons, statesman ; 
1507—1574 D.L. 

Albon, Bertrand, seigneur de St Forgeux ; 1594 D. 

Albon, Claude d', French warrior ; d. 1552 D. L. 

Albon, Claude-Camille-Fran9ois d', French littera- 
teur; 1753—1789 E.D. 

Albon, Guichard d', French diplomatist; 1423 D.L. 

Albon, Henri d', French warrior ; d. 1502 D. L. 

Albon, Jacques d', seigneur de St Andre, marquis de 
Fronsac, marshal of France ; d. 1415 C. D. L. 

Albon, Jean (del'Espinasse), French warrior ; 1417 D.L. 

Albon, Jean d', seigneur de St Andre ; d. 1550 D.L. 

Alboni, Marietta, Italian singer; 6. 1824 d.m. 

Alboni, Paolo, Ital. landscape painter; d. 1734 b. D.U. t. 

Alboresi, Giacomo,Bolognese paint. ; 1632— 1677 T. B. D. 

Albomos, Gilles Alvarez-Carillo, archbishop of To- 
ledo, cardinal and statesman ; 1300 — 1367 R. D. 

Albomoz, Diego-Felipe, Spanish historian ; 1650 e.e. 

Albosius, or Aillebout, Jean, French phys. ; 1580 D. 

Albouis d'Azincourt, Joseph-Jean-Baptiste, French 
comedian; 1747—1809 F.D. 



Albouys, French representiitive, 1792; d. 1815 u. 

Albouzdjany, Aboid-Vefa-Mohamraed, Arabian astro- 
nomer ; 10th cent. d. 

Albrand, Fortune, French orientalist and traveller ; 
1795-1827 F.D. 

Albrecbt. See Albert. 

Albrecbt, Balthazar - Augustin, German historical 
painter; 1687—1765 d. 

Albrecht, Benjamin -Gottlieb, German naturalist; 
ISth cent. d.q. 

Albrecht, C, German engraver b. 

Albrecbt, Christian, German missionary in Africa ; d. 
1815 D. 

Albrecbt, Johann-Friedrich-Ernest, German novelist ; 
1752—1816 D. 

Albrecbt, Johann-Luder, German legist ; 1721 — 1767 D. 

Albrecht, Johann-Lorenz, German poet and musician : 
1732—1773 D.E. 

Albrecbt, Johann-Sebastian, German naturalist and 
physician ; 1695 — 1773 d.e. 

Albrecllt, Johann-Wilhelm, German physician, anato- 
mist, and medical writer ; 1703—1736 D.E. 

Albrecllt, WUhelm, German agricultural writer ; 
1786-1848 D. 

Albrecllt, Wilhelm Edouard, German jurist and 
writer ; h. 1800 F.D. 

Albrecllt von Halberstadt, German poet ; 1212 d. 

Albrechtsberger, Johaun-Georg, German organist and 
music composer ; 1729 — 1798 v. 

Albret, Sire d', Alain, 1471 ; d. 1522 L. 

Albret, Sire d', Amanieu I. ; 1050 l. 

Albret, Cissar-Phebus d', marshal of Fi-ance ; 1614 — 
1672 R.U. 

Albret, Charles, Sire d', count of Dreux, constable of 
France ; (/. 1415 E.L. 

Albret, Charlotte d', duchess of Valentinois, and wife 
of Csesar Borgia ; d. 1514 

Albret, Henri, k. of Lower Navarre, 1516 ; d. 1555 D. 

Albret, Jean d', king of Navarre, 1494 ; d. 1516 D, 

Albret, Jeanne d', consort of Antoine de Bourbon, and 
queen of Lower Navarre ; d. 1572 D. 

Albret, Isabella d', 1295 ; d. 1298 L. 

Albret, Matthea d' ; d. 1295 L, 

Albret, Sire d', Amanieu IL ; 1096 L. 

Albret, Sire d', Amanieu III. ; 1130 h. 

Albret, Sire d', Amanieu IV. ; d. 1209 L. 

Albret, Sire d', Amanieu V., 1209 ; d. 1255 L. 

Albret, Sire d', Amanieu VI., 1255 ; d. 1270 L. 

Albret, Sire d', Amanieu VII., 1298 ; d. 1324 L. 

Albret, Sire d', Arnaud- Amanieu, 1358 ; d. 1401 L. 

Albret, Sire d', Bernard I. ; 1140 l. 

Albret, Sire d', Bernard-Ezi I., 1270 ; d. 1281 L. 

Albret, Sire d', Bernard-Ezi II., 1324 ; d. 1358 L. 

Albret, Sire d', Charles L, 1401 ; d. 1415 L. 

Albret, Sire d', Charles II., 1415; d. 1471 L. 

Albric, or Alfricus, English philosopher and physi- 
cian ; lOSOor'1220 _ D.c. 

Albrici, Vicenzio, Italian organist and music composer ; 
1670* D. 

Albright, John, dean of Raphoe ; d. 1609 c.q. 

Albrion, Domingo de, Siianish sculp. ; 16th cent. D. 

Albrizzi, Almoro {Hermolaus), Ital. jirinter ; 1722 D. 

Albrizzi, or Alberici, Enrico, Italian painter ; 1714 — 

1775 K.B.D. 

Albrizzi, Giovanni-Battista, Italian jurist ; 1520* d. 
Albrizzi, Girolamo, Italian publisher ; 1696 D.l. 

Albrizzi, Isabella-Teotochi, Countess of, Italian 

authoress; 1770—1836 D. 

Albrychowicz, Casimir Fortune, Polish poet ; 1680*— 

1750 . .D. 

Albucasis, Arabian physician and surgeon in Spain ; 

d. 1106 c.u.D. 

Albucio, or Albuzio, Aurelio, Italian jurist and poet ; 

1540* i-o. 

Albucius, physician at Rome ; 1st cent. D.U. 

Albuferra, Louis Napoleon Suchet, Due d', French 

deputy; h. 1813 l". 



ALB 



22 



ALD 



Albuin, Irish writer ; 742 

Albumazar, Arabian astronomer ; 805— S85 c.R.D. 

Albuquerque, Affonso d', Portuguese navigator, go- 
vemor of India ; 1453 — 1515 C.D.E. 

Albuquerque, Alifonso Braz d', Portuguese naval 
officer, magistrate, and litt. ; 15C0— 1580 D.U.Y. 

Albuquerque, Andrea, Portuguese gen. ; d. 1659 R. 

Albuquerque, Coello-Antonio, Portuguese governor of 
Macao ; IStli cent. D. 

Albuquerque, Coello Duarte de, marquis of Basto, 
Portuguese gov. of San Salvador ; d. I(i58 D.E. 

Albuquerque, Don Juan Alfonso d', minister of 
Alfonso XI. ; d. 1354 E.U. 

Albuquerque, Luis de Almeida d', Portuguese jour- 
nalist ; b. 1819 

Albuquerque, Matteo d', Portuguese general; d. 
1646 D.u. 

Albuquerque, Dulie of, Spanish general and ambas- 
sador; d. 1811 R. 

Albus, Aulus Postumius, dictator of Rome, B.C. 498 ; 
consul, 496 H.x. 

Albus, Aulus Postumius, con. of Rome ; B.C. 464 H.X. 

Albus, Sp. Postumius, consul of Rome ; B.C. 466 H.X. 

Albus, Sp. Postumius, consul of Rome ; B.C. 432 H.x. 

Albutius, Caius Silas, Roman rhetorician and philo- 
sopher ; 1st cent. D.E. 

Albutius, Titus, Roman philosopher ; 1st cent. D.R. 

Alby, Ernest, Frencli litterateur; b. 1809 F. 

Alca90ba, or Alcazova, Sotomayor Simon, Portuguese 
navigator; d. 1535 D. 

Alca90va, Dom Pedro d', Portuguese statesman ; 
1576 D.u. 

Alcadinus, Italian physician ; 1170* — 1234 C.D.E. 

Alcadir, king of Valencia ; d. 1092 

Alcadrin, or Alkandum, Arabian astrologer ; d. 17th 
cent. D. 

Alcseus, Greek lyric poet; B.C. 620—580 E.x. 

Alcaeus I., Athenian archon; B.C. 537 H. 

Alcseus XL, Athenian archon ; B.C. 422 H. 

Alcseus, Greek comic poet and dram. ; B.C. 380* E.x. 

Alcaforada, Marianua, Portuguese nun and scholar ; 
166S u.D. 

Alcaforado, o?- Alcoforado, Antonio, page to tlie duke 
of Bragauza ; d. 1512 D. 

Alcaforado, Francisco, Portuguese tr.iveller ; 1400 D. 

Alcala, Fray Pedro d', Spanish monk and missionary ; 
1491 R.'e. 

Alcala, Don Parafan de Rivera, Due d', viceroy of 
Naples; 1508-1571 D.E. 

Alcala - y - Herrera, Alfonso, Portuguese poet ; 6. 

1599 C.D.E.Y. 

Alcamenes, king of Sparta, b.c. 7.<7; d. 743 d.e.h. 

Alcamenes, Athenian sculptor ; B.C. 448 u.E.x. 

Alcamo, CiuUo d', Italian poet ; 1180 i.D. 

Alcan, Michel, French engineer ; b. 1811 F. 

Alcantara, Diego de, Spanish architect ; d. 1587 D. 

Alcazar, or Alca9ar, Andres, Spanish surg. ; 1.570 D.E. 

Alcazar, Balthasar d', Spanish epigrammatist; 16tli 
cent. C.R. 

Alcazar, Bartolomeo, S])aiush Jesuit and chronicler ; 
1700 D.E. 

Alcazar, Luis d', Spanish Jesuit and commentator ; 
1.554—1613 c.E.E. 

Alcazar y Pempicilecn, Don Luis de Gongora, Span- 
ish historian ; 16-10 D.E. 

Alcedo, Antonio, Spanish geographer ; 1780 d.u. 

Alcestis, consort of Admetus, king of Thessaly D.x. 

Alcetas, king of Macedou ; B.C. 572 H. 

Alcetas, king of Epirus ; B.C. 373 H.x. 

Alchabitius, or Abd-el-Azyz, Arabian astronomer ; 

950* C.D.R. 

Alcliaina, Saracen commander in Spain ; d. 719 h. 
Alcber, French monk of Citeaux and writer ; 12th 

cent. D.Q. 

AlcMndius, or Alkindi {ALou-Youpouf-Ibn-Ishak-lbn- 

Assabah), Ar-abian pliys. and jihilos. ; 800 D.U. 

Alchome, William, English divine ; d. 1701 



Alciat, or Alciati, Francesco, Italian jurist ; 1492 — 
1550 I.D. 

Alciati, Andrea, Italian jurist, scholar, and writer on 
jurisprudence ; 1492—1550 i.D.C.a. 

Alciati, Francesco, Italian scholar ; 1522 — 1580 F.g.c. 

Alciati, Giovanni Paolo, Italian religious fanatic 
and controversialist ; 1564 r.g.C. 

Alciati, Melchior, Italian jurist ; d. 1613 or 18 i.D. 

Alciati, Terenzio, Ital. Jesuit and theologian ; 1570^ 
1651 E.U. 

Alcibiades, Greek statsm. and gen. ; 6. B.C. 450* D.E.X. 

Alcibiades, Christian martyr ; 177 CD. 

Alcidamas, Greek philos. and rhet. ; B.C. 424 D.E.x. 

Alcimachus, Greek painter ; B.C. 350* D.x. 

Alcimenes, Greek comic poet ; 5tli cent. B.C. D.x. 

Alcimus, Jewish high-priest ; B.C. 163* D.u. 

Alcimus, Latinus-Alethius, Latin poet, historian, and 
orator; 4th cent. C.E.D. 

Alcinous, Greek Platonic philos. ; 2nd cent. C.E.D. 

Alcionius, or Alcyonius, Pietro, professor of Greek at 
Florence and publisher ; 1487 — 1527 c.d.r.I. 

Alciphron, Greek writer ; 2nd cent, C.R.D. 

Alcippus, Spartan exile D.X. 

Alcisthene, Greek female painter X. 

Alcisthenes, Athenian archon ; B.C. 372 H. 

Alcman, Lydian poet ; B.C. 671 H.E.x. 

Alcmseon, Greek natural philos. ; Cth cent. B.C. D.x. 

Alcmseon, Greek general ; 6th cent. c.D.X. 

Alco, or Alcon, Greek sculptor ; 8th cent. D. 

AlcoQer, Pedro de, Span, archfeologist ; 16th cent. D. 

Alcock, John, bishop of Rochester 1472, "Worcester 
1476, Ely 1486, founder of Jesus College, Cam- 
bridge; d. 1.500 c.R.V.d.l. 

Alcock, or Gage, John, English Jesuit and writer; 
1651—1703 E.U. 

Alcock, Joseph Francois, French magistrate ; 6. 1790 F. 

Alcock, Lewis, English loyalist divine ; d. 1647 

Alcock, Mary, English poet ; 1789 

Alcock, Nathan, English physician and lecturer ; 
1707—1779 C.E. 

Alcock, Sir Rutherford, English diplomatist, surgeon, 
and author ; b. 1808 

Alcock, Simon, English theologian ; 1380 

Alcock, Thomas, English divine ; 1763 

Alcock, Thomas, English politician ; b. 1801 P. 

Alcock, "William, English loyalist divine; 1660 

Alcok, Thomas, English surgeon and medical writer ; 
1784—1833 CD. 

Alcott, Amos Bronson, American educationalist ; b. 
1799 e.a. 

Alcott, Joseph, English writer ; 1794 

Alcott, William Alexander, M.D., American author; 
b. 1798 M.a.c. 

Alcred, king of Northumberland ; 765 

Alcuin, or Alcwln (S. Albinus Flaccus Alcuinus), Eng- 
lish theologian, restorer of letters in France ; 
725*— 804 C.E.D. 

Aldabi, Spanish rabbi ; 14th cent. O.D. 

Aldama, J., Mexican chieftain ; 1782-1811 e. 

Aldana, Cosmo, Italian writer ; 16th cent. D. 

Alday, John, English poet ; 1581 

Aldberht, bishop of London ; 767—785* d.L 

Aldberht, bishop of Hereford ; 777 d.l. 

Aldberht, bishop of Dunwich ; 778* d.l. 

Aide, Hendrick van, Dutch painter and engraver ; 
1650 D. 

Aide, Jean-Baptiste, Frencli Jesuit and writer ; 1674 — 
1743 D. 

Aldebert, or Adalbert, heresiarch of France ; 750* D.U. 

Aldeburgh, Ricliard de, English judge ; 1332 /. 

Aldegati, Marco-Antonio, Ital. Latin poet ; 1483 D.R. 

Aldegonde, St, nun of Hautmont, foundi-ess of the 
Abbey of Mauberge ; 630—680 or 84 D.U. 

Aldegonde, Philippe "V"an Marnix, seigneur de Mont- 
Saint, Belgian litt. and diplom.atist ; 1548-1598 D. 

Aldegraef, or Aldegrever, Ileinrich, German histori- 
cal painter and engraver ; 1502 — 1558 B. e.g. C.N. 



ALD 



23 



ALE 



Aldeguela, Josef-Martin de, Spanish architect ; 1730— 
1802 D. 

Aldeguier, Fhxvien d', French cavalry officer and 
writer; 1830 _ D. 

Alden, Ichabod, American colonel ; d. 1778 A. 

Alden, John, American magistrate ; 1598* — 1687 A.e. 

Alden, Joseph, American author ; h. 1807 «• 

Alden, Thomas, English loyalist divine ; d. 1651 

Alden, Timothy, American author ; 1771 — 1839 e. 

Aldenberger, Johann, German writer ; h. 1561 D.Q. 

Aldenbruck, Augustin, German Jesuit and archreolo- 
gist ; 1720 D. 

Alder, Thomas, English physician ; 1805 

Alderbury, Walter de, dean of St Paul's ; 1362 

Alderette, Bernardo, Spanish Jesuit, savant, and 
theologian; 15th cent. C.d.r. 

Alderette, Diego-Gracian d', secietary to Charles V. 
and Philip II., hellenist ; 1495*— 1585* D.c.U.E. 

Alderette, Josef, Spanish scholar and theologian ; 
1560—1616 D.C.K.E. 

Alderisio, Alberto, Italian jurist ; 1680 D.i. 

Alderman, James, sheriff, 1200 ; lord mayor of Lon- 
don, 1216 d. 

Aldermantoury, Simon de, sheriif of London ; 1200 d. 

Alderoti, Taddeo, Italian physician ; 1215—1295 D.U. 

Alderson, Edward Hall, English baron of the ex- 
chequer (1837) ; 1787— 1857 /.F. 

Alderson, George, sheriff of London ; 1817 (/. 

Alderson, John, English physician ; 1758 — 1829 D.c. 

Aldhelm, or Adelm, St, English monk, bishop of 
Sherborne (705) ; 656—709 c.D.u.d./. 

Aldhun, bp. of Chester le Street, 990 ; d. 1018 K.C.l.d. 

Aldington, John, English poet ; 1767 

Aldini, Antonio, Count, Italian statesman; 1756 — 
1826 D.K. 

Aldini, Giovanni, Italian experimental philosopher 
and author ; 1762—1834 S.E. 

Aldini, Tobia, Italian physician ; 1610* g.q.C. 

Aldis, Sir Charles, English med. author ; h. 1776 M. 

Aldjayhany, Ben-Ahmed-Abou-Abd-Allah, Moham- 
med, Ai-abian geographer ; 900 D.u. 

Aldobrandini, Cinzio-Passero, Ital. cardinal; 1593 D.I. 

Aldobrandini, Giovanni, Italian cardinal ; 1525 — 
1573 D.I. 

Aldobrandini, Giovanni-Francesco, Italian warrior ; 
d. 1601 D.I. 

Aldobrandini, Giovanni-Giorgio, prince of Rossano ; 
17th cent. D.I. 

Aldobrandini, Guiseppe, Italian musician ; 1700 D. 

Aldobrandini, Pompseus-Augustus, Italian decorative 
painter; 1677—1739 U. 

Aldobrandini, Silvestro, Florentine jurist ; 1499— 
1558 i.D.c. 

Aldobrandini, Tommaso, Italian litt. ; 6. 1540* i.d.c. 

Aldobrandino, Florentine (Dino), Italian physician ; 
d. 1327 C.D.E. 

Aldred, bishop of Leicester ; 839 or 40 d.l. 

Aldred, Aired or Ealred, Anglo-Saxon archbishop of 
York; d. 1069 K.D.C. 

Aldred, Jeremiah, English divine ; 1716 

Aldred, John, English captain; d. 1740 

Aldred, Eobert, English Jesuit ; 1674—1728 K. 

Aldredus, prior of Westminster ; d. 675 

Aldrewald, abbot of Fleury ; 818—890 D. 

Aldric, St, Saxon bp. of Mans, Fr. ; 800—856 C.D.U. 

Aldricll, Charles, English divine ; d. 1737 

Aldricli, Francis, master of Sidney College, Cam- 
bridge ; 1576—1609 _ l.q. 

Aldricb, Henry, English theologian, architect, music 
composer, and poet ; 1647—1710 R.w.c. 

Aldricll, James, American poet and journalist; 1810 — 
1856 a. 

Aldricll, Rob., bp. of Carlisle, 1537 ; d. 1556 ^.o.G.d.l. 

Aldricll, Thomas, master of Corijus Christi College, 

Cambridge ; d. 1577 q. 

Aldrieb, Thomas Bailey, American poet ; h. 1836 a. 

Aldridge, Ira, American negro actor ; 1804-1867 e. 



Aldrighetti, Aldrigetto de, Italian professor of medi- 
cine ; 1573-1631 i.D. 

Aldriglietti, Luigi -Antonio, Italian jurist; 17tli 
cent. I. D. 

Aldringer, Johann, Austrian field-marshal and states- 
man ; d. 1034 D.K. 

Aldrington, or Wakeman, Thomas, English Jesuit ; 
d. 1649 K. 

Aldrovandi, Ulysse, Italian naturalist and author ; 
1522-1605 D.E. 

Aldrovandlni, Guiseppe, Ital. painter ; 18th cent. D. 

Aldrovandini, Mauro, Bolognese painter; 1649— 
1680 T. 

Aldrovandini, Pompeo Agostino, Italian painter ; 
1677—1739 B.T. 

Aldrovandini, Tommaso, Italian painter ; 1653 — 

1736 B.D.T. 

Aldrovandino, marquis d'Este ; d. 1215 

Aldrovandino III., marquis d'Este ; d. 1361 

Aldrovandus, Ulysses, Italian naturalist ; 1527 <7.C.P. 

Aldrude, ctss. of Bertinoro, relieved Ancona, 1174 D.U. 

Aldulf, bishop of Migentis (Mayo ?) ; 785 d.l. 

Aldulf, bishop of Worcester 992, archbishop of York 
995 ; d. 1002 d.l. 

Aldus, Manutius, Venetian printer ; 1449—1515 D.E. 

Aldwin, or Wot, bishop of Lichfield, 721 ; d. 737 d.l. 

Aldwulf, king of East Anglia ; 664—713 

Aldwulf, bishop of Rochester ; 727 

Ale, Aegidius, Flemish painter ; d. 1689 B.D.T. 

Alea, Leonard, French litterateur ; d. 1812* D. R. 

Aleandre, Jerome, French hellenist, cardinal, arch- 
bishop of Brindes ; 1480—1.542 _ C.i.U. 

Aleandre, Jerome (the Younger), Italian antiquary, 
jurist, and poet ; 1574—1629 C.i.U. 

Aleandri, Alessandro, Italian physician and econo- 
mist ; 18th cent. D. 

Aleaume, Jacques, French mathematician ; d. 1627 D. 

Aleaume, Louis [Alealmus), French poet and magis- 
trate ; 1525—1596 D.u. 

Aled, Judor, Welsh bard ; 1520 

Aledran, count of Barcelona ; d. 858 K. 

Alefeldt, Georg-Ludvig, German physician and medi- 
cal writer ; 1732 —1774 D.Q. 

Alefounder, John, English artist ; d. 1790 

Alegambe, Philippe, of Brussels, Jesuit and historian ; 
1592—1651 C.R. 

Alegre, Antoine, Seigneur d' ; d. 1571 D. 

Alegre, Isabelle d. ; d. 1587 D. 

Alegre, Yves, Baron d', governor of ]\Iilan ; d. 1512 E.D. 

Alegre, Yves, Seigneur d' ; d. 1577 D. 

Alegre, Yves, Seigneur d' ; d. 1583 D. 

Alegre, Yves, Marquis d', marshal of France ; 1653— 
1733 K.D. 

Alegre, le Pfere Angelique d', French Capuchin ; 17th 
cent. D. 

Alegre de Casanate, el Padre Mario-Anton, Spanish 
Carmelite and avithor ; 1590 — 1658 D. 

Alegre, d', French litterateur ; d. 1740 D.E. 

Alegrin, Jean, cardinal, archbishop of Besan^on ; d. 
1237 D-U. 

Aleksseev, or Alexejev, Fendor-Yacov'evitch [Russian 
Crtwa?e<<o), painter ; 1755—1821 D. 

Aleksieev, Iwan, Russian translator; 18th cent. D. 

Alemagna, Giovanni [Zoane, or Zohan), German 
painter; 1450 B. 

Alemagna, di Giusto, Genoese painter ; 1451 t.B.d.U. 

Aleman, Adrien, French physician and author ; 16th 
cent. D. 

Aleman, Louis, cardinal, archbishop of Aries ; 1390 — 
1450 or 59 D.E. 

Alemann, Josef, Spanish physician ; 1570 D.E. 

Alemanni. See Alamanni. 

Alemanni, Antonio, Italian poet ; 1500 D.l. 

nAlemanni, Arcangela, Italian Dominican writer ; 16th 
cent. D. 

Alemanni, or Ala.manni, Giovanni-Battista, Italian 
prelate; 1519—1581 D.I. 



ALE 



24 



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Alemanni, Nicola, Italian antiquary and hellenist ; 
1583—1626 i.D.c.u.R. 

Alemans, N., Flem. miniature painter; 18th cent. b.d. 

Alemant, Adrian 1', French physician and author ; 
1527—1559 D. 

Alembek, Louis-Valerian, Polish poet ; 1620-1690 D. 

Alembert, Jean d' {le Bond), French philosopher, 
litterateur, and mathematician ; 1717 — 1783 c.u.R. 

Alem-Rousseau, Frangois, French representative and 
author ; b. 1799* F. 

Alen, 07' Allen, Edmond, Eng. Protestant ecclesiastic, 
Greek and Latin scholar; 1539 c.R. 

Alen, or Oolen, Jan van, Dutch landscape painter ; 
1651—1698 u.N.B. 

Alence, Joachim d', French astronomer and mathe- 
matician ; d. 1707 T>. 

Alenpon, Charles I., Count of, 1285; d. 1325 u. 

Alen9on, Charles XL, de Valois, Count of ; d. 1346 u.D. 

Alenpon, Charles IIL, de Valois, Duke of, 1489— 
1525 u. 

Alenpon, Francois, duke of Berri and Anjou; 1554— 
1584 D.U. 

Alen9on, Guillaume I., Count of, founder of the Abbey 
of Lonlai; d. 1028 D.U. 

Alen9on, Guillaume II., Count of (Talvas) ; 1048 D.u. 

Alenpon, Guillaume III., Count of; d. 1171 D.u. 

Alenpon, Jean I., Count of, 1171 ; d. 1191 D.u. 

Alenpon, Jean IL, Count of, 1191 ; d. 1191 d.u. 

Alenpon, Jean, Duke of ; 1409-1476 D. 

Alenpon, .John d', archdeacon of Li.sieux, vice-chan- 
cellor of England ; 1190 /. 

Alenpon, Pierre, Duke of, 1346; d. 1404 D. 

Alenpon, Rene, Duke of, 1474; d. 1492 D.U. 

Alenpon, Robert I., Count of; d. 1034 D.U. 

Alenpon, Robert II., Count of ; 1082 D.U. 

Alenpon, Robert III., Count of, 1 191 ; d. 1217 D.U. 

Alenpon, Robert IV., Count of, 1217 ; d. 1219 d.u. 

Alenpon, Yves, Count of, bishop of Seez ; d. 1070 d. u. 

Alenpon, d', French litterateur; d. 1744 d.r. 

Aleni, Tommaso, of Cremona, historical painter; 1500— 
1560 B.T. 

Alenio, Julio, Italian missionary in China ; 1582 — 

1649 CLE. 
Alento, John de, bishop of Raphoe ; 1261—1265 c. 
Aleotti, Giam Battista, Italian architect and engineer ; 

d. 1636 C.I.U. 

Aleotti, Vittoria, Italian musician ; 1590 D.u. 

Aleph, John, English translator of the Psalms ; 1530 
Aler, Paul, Ger. Jesuit, litterateur; 1656—1727 c.d.u. 
Aleran, marquis of Monteferrat ; d. 995 H. 

Ales, Alexander, Scottish Lutheran divine; 1500 — 

1565 G.R.C. 

Ales, John, English theologian ; 1584-1656 W.D. 

Ales de Corbet, Pierre-Alexandro, Vicomte, Fr. naval 

officer, litt., and economist ; 1715 — 1770 CD. 

Alesio, Matteo-Perez de, Italian painter and engraver ; 

d. 1600 B.N.R.C. 

Aleson, Frantjois d', French historian ; 17th cent. D. 
Alessandrl, Felice, Italian music composer ; 1742 — 

1810 D.K. 

Alessandrl, Felippo degli, Italian jurist ; 1620 i.D. 
Alessandrl, Francesco, Italian physician and author ; 

b. 1.529 I.D. 

Alessandrl, Giovanni degli, Italian vice-president of 

tlie Academy of Fine Arts, and politician ; 1765 — 

1828 R. 

Alessandrl, Innocenzio, Italian engraver ; 1740* — 

1760 B.D. 

Alessandrini, Giulio, Italian phys. ; 1506—1.590 i.d. 
Alessandro-Alessandri, or Alexander ab Alexandro, 

Italian jurist and litterateur ; 1461 — 1523 D.R.U.I. 
Alessandro, Alessio, Italian physician and writer; 

1650 I.D. 
Alessandro, Andrea, Italian sculptor ; 16th cent. D. 
Alessandro, Giovanni-Pietro d', Italian litterateur 

and jurist ; 1600 I.D. 

Alessandro, Italian painter ; d. 1530 D. 



Alessandro de Carpineto, Italian monk and chroni- 
cler ; 1300 I.D. 
Alessi, Galeas, Italian architect ; 1500—1572 C.U.D. 
Alessi, Matteo Perez di, Roman painter T. 
Alessiis, Francesco de, Italian painter ; 1494 T. 
Alessio [Marchis], Italian landscape painter ; 1700 — 

1740 N.u. 

Alessio, Pierantonio, Italian painter ; 16th cent. d.t. 
Alessio Piemontese, Italian pharmacologist ; 1550 D. 
Alestakhri, Abou-Ishac [Alfaressy), Arabian geo- 
grapher ; 950 U.D. 
Aletes, king of Corinth ; B.C 1068 H.X. 
Aleuas, Greek sculptor D.X. 
Ale'wl,Alkasim-ben-Mohammed, Arabian astron.; 920 D. 
Alewyn, W., Dutch amateur painter ; d. 1839 B. 
Alexamenus, Greek Socratic writ. ; 4th cent. B.C. D.X. 
Alexander L [the Rich), king of Macedon; 6. B.C. 

.507 u.R.x. 

Alexander II. ; c^. 367 u.r.x. 

Alexander III. {the Great) ; h. b.c 356, d. 323 u.R.x. 
Alexander IV. (jJSgus) ; d. b.c 311 d. 

Alexander V., son of Cassander, king of Macedon ; 

d. B.C. 294 d.u. 

Alexander I., king of Epinis ; d. B.C. 326 d.r.x. 

Alexander II., king of Epirus ; d. B.C. 242 d.x. 

Alexander I., king of Egypt ; d. B.C. 85* D.x. 

Alexander II., king of Egypt, d. b.c. 80* D.x. 

Alexander Severus, emperor of Rome, 222-35 ; 6. 205, 

d. 235 R.D. 

Alexander- Jannasus, king of the Jews, b.c. 105-78 ; 

d. 78* D.u.x. 

Alexander I., Paulowitch, emperorof Russia (1801-25); 

1777—1825 D.R. 

Alexander I. {the Fierce), king of Scotland ; 1107-24 ; 

d. 1124 u.R. 

Alexander II., 1214-49; h. 1198, d. 1249 R.u. 

Alexander III., 1249-85 ; h. 1241, d. 1285 R.u. 

Alexander I., bishop of Rome, 109; d. 119 u.d.i. 

Alexander II. [Anselmo di Bagio), Pope, 1061-73; 

d. 1073 u.R. I. 

Alexander III. (Rolando Rainuzio), Pope, 1159-81 ; 

d. 1181 U.D.I. 

Alexander IV. (Rlnaldo de' Conti di Segnl), Pope, 

1254-61 ; d. 1261 u.D.l. 

Alexander V. {Pietro Philargo), Pope, 1409-10; 

6. 1339*, d. 1410 U.D.I. 

Alexander VI. (Bodrigo Borrria, or Lenzuoli), Pope, 

1492-1503 ; b. 1430*, d. 1503 u.d.i. 

Alexander VII. (Fabio Chigi), Pope, 1655-67 ; b. 1599, 

d. 1667 U.D.I. 

Alexander VIIL {Pietro Ottoboni), 1689-91 ; 6. 1610, 

d. 1691 U.D.I. 

Alexander, St, bishop and patriarch of Alexandria, 

313-25; d. 326 CU.D. 

Alexander I., bishop of Antioch, 413-21 ; d. 421 d.u. 
Alexander II., bi.shop of Antioch ; d. 686 d.h. 

Alexander, son of Polysperchon, Greek leader ; 4th 
cent. B.C. x.R. 

Alexander, Athenian painter d.x. 

Alexander, tyrant of Pherre, Thessaly; c^.B.C 358r.d.x. 
Alexander, third son of Perseus, king of Macedon ; 

B.C. 150 B.X. 

Alexander, prince of Judsea, son of Aristobulus II. ; 

d. B.C. 49 R.x. 

Alexander {Helios), son of Marc Anthony and Cleo- 
patra ; b. B.C. 40 D.x. 
Alexander {Philalcthes), Greek phys. ; B.C. 20 d.r.x. 
Alexander of JEgas, Greek [leripatetic philosopher ; 

1st cent. R.x. 

Alexander the Paphlagonian, Gk. impostor ; 174 d.r. 
Alexander, jihysician and martyr; d. 177 D. 

Alexander {Peloplaton), Greek rhet. ; 2ud cent. R.x. 
Alexander, St, founder of the Acemites, Syria ; d. 

4,30 D.u 

Alexander {Celestinus), Sicilian monk and writer; 

12th cent. K. 

Alexander, Sicilian historian ; 13th cent. D. 



ALE 



25 



ALE 



Alexander, St, bishop of Cappadocia and Jerusalem, 

211*-25; d. 251 ^ u.D.c. 

Alexander, St, patriarch of Constantinople, 317-40 ; 

d. 340 u.D. 

Alexander of Lycopolis, Greek writer ; 4th cent. d. 
Alexander of Tralles, in Lydia, physician and author ; 

6th cent. X.R.c. 

Alexander, bishop of Lincoln 1123, lord chancellor 

of England 1135*; d. 1147 c.w. p.f.l.d.T). 

Alexander of Ashby, monk and writer ; 1200 c.d.e. 
Alexander le Partiger, abbot of Canterbury ; d. 

1220 R.D. 

Alexander de Ville-Dieu {de Villa Dei), French gram- 
marian and poet ; d. 1240* D.E. 
Alexander of Hales, English Franciscan and theolo- 
gian ; d. 1245 D.E. 
Alexander, arclideacon of Salop ; d. 1246 
Alexander de Bemay (Alcxa7ider of Paris), French 

poet; 13th cent. U.D.C. R. 

Alexander, bishop of Ardagh ; 1322 r. 

Alexander, bishop of Eoss ; 1357 I: 

Alexander, bp. of Meath, lord-justice of Ireland; 1399 
Alexander, bishop of Galloway ; 1426 k 

Alexander, king of Georgia ; d. 1440* D. 

Alexander, earl of Dunfermline, lord chancellor of 

Scotland; 1605 
Alexander, earl of Moray, Scotch sec. of state ; 1682 
Alexander (TFamsMWa), Indian chief ; 1662 E. 

Alexander, A , German chess-player ; b. 1770* d.f. 

Alexander, Adam, English writer ; d. 1846 
Alexander, Andrew, Scotch hellenist ; d. 1859 
Alexander, Sir Anthony, master of the king's works 

in Scotland ; d. 1637 " 
Alexander, Archibald, American divine and writer ; 

1772-1851 <^.A. 

Alexander, Benedetto, of Verona, anatomist ; 1503 
Alexander, Benedict Stanislas, son of John Sobieski, 

king of Poland ; 1677—1714 R.U. 

Alexander, Benjamin, English author ; d. 1768 CD. 
Alexander, Ben-Mosses Ethusan, German rabbi; 18th 

cent. o.D. 

Alexander, Caleb, American divine and author ; d. 

1828 A.R.a. 

Alexander, Carl, duke of Anhalt-Bernbourg ; 6. 1805 D. 
Alexander, Celsstiniis, Sicilian historian ; 1160 D.E. 
Alexander, Cornelius {Polyhistor), Greek philosopher, 

historian, and geographer ; B.C. 80 D.U.X 

Alexander, Daniel, English divine ; d. 1709 
Alexander, Daniel, English archt. and divine; d. 1843 
Alexander, Daniel Asher, English architect ; d. 1846 
Alexander, Edward, English pliysician ; d. 1822 
Alexander, Francis, English loyalist divine ; 1610 
Alexander, Gabriel, En g. miscellaneous writer; d 1854 
Alexander, Gallovidianus, Scotch writer ; 1512 
Alexander, Helen, English covenanter ; d. 1729 
Alexander, James, secretary of New York : d. 1756 A. 
Alexander, James, sheriff of London ; 1802 d. 

Alexander, Sir James Edward, English traveller and 

author ; 6. 1803 M. 

Alexander, James "Waddell, American divine and 

author ; h. 1804 M.a. 

Alexander, John, English poet ; 1707 
Alexander, John, Eng. litterateur; 1736-1765 e.d.c. 
Alexander, John, Scottish painter and engraver at 

Rome ; 1718 B.e.d. 

Alexander, Joseph Addison, American divine and 

commentator; b. 1809 e.a.ti. 

Alexander, Leopold-Carl, archduke of Austria, pala- 
tine of Hungary ; 1772—1795 D. 
Alexander, Levy, English Jewish author ; 1835 
Alexander, Lychnus, Greek rhetorician and poet ; 

B.C. .50 D. 

Alexander, Massarias, of Vicenza, med. writer; rf. 1.598 
Alexander, Mich. Sol., Jewish Talmudist, convert to 

Christianity, bishop of Jerusalem, 1841 ; h. 1779, d. 

1845 d.l. 

Alexander, Myndius, writer on zoology E.x. 



Alexander, Nathaniel, governor of North Carolina 
(1806); 1756—1808 A.e. 

Alexander, Nath., bishop of Clonfert and Kilmacduagh 
1802, KiUaloe 1804, Meath 1823 ; d. 1824 c. 

Alexander, Nicolas, French Benedictine, botanist 
and physician ; 1654—1728 c.d.e. 

Alexander, Noel or Natalis, Dominican church histo- 
rian ; 1639—1724 

Alexander, Parvus, quoted by Rhazes B. 

Alexander, Peter, English divine ; 1563 

Alexander, Robert, Scotch poet ; 16th cent. 

Alexander, Robert, English journalist ; d. 1854 

Alexander, Samuel, English Quaker ; d. 1824 

Alexander, Stephen, Amer. astron. writ. ; b. 1806 e.a. 

Alexander, Sulpicius, historian of Gaul ; 4th cent. D. 

Alexander, Suesskind, German rabbi, son of Samuel 
of Metz ; 1708 o.D. 

Alexander, Thomas, English admiral ; d. 1843 

Alexander, Thomas, earl of Selkirk, political writer 
and colonist ; d. 1820 

Alexander, Tiberius, procurator of Judsea ; 46 D. 

Alexander, William, Englisli genealogist ; 1703 

Alexander, William, English physician ; d. 1788 

Alexander, William, Lord Stirling, major-general in 
the American revolutionary army ; 1726 — 1783 E.A.e. 

Alexander, Sir WiUiam, earl of Stirling, Scottish 
statesman and poet ; 1580 — 1640 C.E. 

Alexander, William, sheriff of London ; 1750 d. 

Alexander, William, English chief baron of the Ex- 
chequer (1830) ; 1761*— 1842 /. 

Alexander, W. , bishop of Derry ; 1867 d. 

Alexander, William, Scottish litterateur and drama- 
tist ; d. 1640 C.D. 

Alexander, William, Scottish pjiysician and writer ; 
d. 1783 w.D. 

Alexander, William, Eng. engraver; 1768—1816 D.B. 

Alexander ab Alexandro. See Alessandro-Alessan- 
dri. 

Alexander Aetolus, Greek poet ; B.C. 250 D.x, 

Alexander Aigaios, Greek philosopher ; 1st cent. c.D. 

Alexander Aphrodisios, Gk. commentator ; 200 c.D. 

Alexander-Balas, king of Syria; d. b.c. 146 E.u.x. 

Alexander II. (Zebina), pretender to the Syrian crown; 

d. B.C. 121 U.R.X. 

Alexander - Cohen (SussUn), German rabbi; 13th 

cent. o.D, 

.Alexander lagelo, king of Poland (1501-6) ; 1461— 

1506 D.u. 

Alexander Neckam, oi- Nequam, abbot of Exeter ; d. 

1227 
Alexander-Newski, grand-duke of Russia ; b. 1218*— 

1263 c.D.R. 

Alexander Nnmenius, Greek rhetorician ; 2ik1 cent. D. 
Alexander Peloplaton, Greek rhetorician ; 150* c.D. 
Alexander - Wasa, prince-royal of Poland ; 1614 — 

1635 _ D. 

Alexandra, consort of Alexander Jannseus, king of 

Judasa ; B.C. 143—70* D. 

Alexandra, consort of Alexander, king of the Jews ; 

d. B.C. 28 n. 

Alexandra, princess of Wales, daughter of Christian 

IX., king of Denmark ; b. 1844 
Alexandre, Charles, French philologist and author ; 

6. 1797 D.F. 

Alexandre, Charles-Louis, French tribune and states 

man ; d. 1820 »• 

Alexandre, or Allerandre, Don Jacques, French Bene- 
dictine, horologer and author ; 1653 — 1734 u.D. 
Alexandre, Jean, Swiss mathematician ; 17th cent. D. 
Alexandre, Noel, French Dominican, ecclesiastic and 

historian; 1639—1724 »• 

Alexandre d' Aries, French Capuchin ; 1700 D. 

Alexandre de Franciscis, Italian converted rabbi, 

bishop of Forli, 1594 ; d. 1600* ^ O.D. 

Alexandre de L'Isle, French chronicler ; 1210* _D. 
Alexandre-Karageorgewitz, George, Prince, Servian 

statesman ; b. 1806 ^» 



ALE 



26 



ALF 



Alexandresco, Gregory, Roumanian poet ; 6. 1812 F. 
Alexandii, Basile, Roumanian poet ; 6. 1821 
Alexandrioi de Neustain, Giulio, physician to Cliarles 
V. and medical writer ; 1506 — 1590 C.U.R. 

Alexanor, grandson of Jisculapius d.x. 

Alexarchos, Greek historian of Italy D.X. 

Alexias, Athenian archon ; B.C. 405 H. 

Alexias, Greek phys. and naturalist; B.C. 350 D.E.x. 
Alexinus, Greek philosopher; 3d cent. B.C. D.R.X. 
Alexion, Greek physician, friend of Cicero ; 1st cent. 

B.C. D.R.X. 

Alexippus, Greek physician; B.C. 330 d.e.x. 

Alexis. See Alexius. 

Alexis, Greek sculptor; 5th or 4th cent. B.C. D.X. 
Alexis, Greek comic poet ; b. B.C. 394* U.X. 

Alexis of Samos, Greek historian D.x. 

Alexis, patriarch of Constantinople, 1025 ; d. 1043 D. 
Alexis, or Alexius, Drago Comneuus, French genei'al ; 

1553—1619 D.u. 

Alexis, Guillaume (le bon Maine), French Benedictine, 

poet and author ; 1500 C.U.D. 

Alexis (Michailoivicz), czar of Russia, father of Peter 

the Great (1645-76) ; 1629—1676 u.D. 

Alexis (Petroivits), czar of Russia, son of Peter the 

Great ; 1690 or 95—1718 U.D. 

AlexisdelArco, Spanish painter; 1625—1700 D.u. 
Alexis, Piedniontese author C.K. 

Alexius I., Comnenus, emperor of the East (1081) ; 

1048—1118 u.E. 

Alexius II., Comnenus (1180) ; 1167—1183 U.E. 

Alexius III., Angelas Comnenus, 1195-1203 ;(^. 1210 u.E. 
Alexius IV., Angelus (the Younger), 1203; 1190*— 

1204 u.E. 

Alexius v., Ducas (MurziqMe) ; d. 1204 u.E. 

Alexius I., or Alexis, Comnenus, emperor of Trebi- 

zond (1204) ; 1180—1222 D.U. 

Alexius II., Comnenus (1297) ; 1282—1330 d.u. 

Alexius III., Comnenus (1349) ; 1338—1390 D.U. 

Alexius IV., Comnenus, 1412 ; d. 1447* D.U. 

Alexius v., Comnenus (1458) ; 1454—1470 d.u. 

Alexius, Aristenus, Greek jurist ; 1130* d. 

Alexius, Caspar, Swiss Prot. minister ; 1578—1626 D. 
Alexius (the Impostor) ; 1191 U. 

Alexius, Simon, English divine ; 1558 
Alexus, or Alexas of Ionia, wi-it. of obscene poetry e. 
Alejm, Cliarles, English hist, poet ; d. 1640* C.E.W. 
Alf Abdal Ballilii, Persian poet ; 15th cent. d. 

Alfani, Domenico di Paris, Italian painter, 1483 ; d. 

1540 B.E.T. 

Alfani, Orazio di Paris, Ital. painter ; 1510—1583 B.E.T. 
Alfandari, Elie ben Yacob, Jewish commentator of 

Constantinople ; 1712 O.D. 

Alfandari, Rhajim ben Yacob, rabbi and commentator 

of Constantinople ; 1710* O.D. 

Alfarabi (Abou Nasr Mohammed Ibn Tarkhan), Ara- 
bian philosopher; d. 950 C.d.e. 
Alfarazdak (Abou Firas Hamam Ibn Ghalib), Ai-abian 

poet ; d. 730* D. 

Alfaro, Francisco, Spanish goldsmith ; 1586 D. 

Alfaro-y-Gamon, Don Juan, Spanish poet and painter ; 

1640-1680 c.b.d! 

Alfatah, or Alfath-Ibn-Khakan, Abou-Nasr-Moham- 

med-Ibn-Obeydallah-Alkaysi, Arabian historian and 

biographer; d. 1134* d. 

Alfei, Francesco Bartolomeo, Italian painter ; 1482 D. 
Alfen, Jean-Eusebe, Danish painter ; d. 1770 n.d. 
Alfenus - Varus, Publius, Roman lawyer; 1st cent. 

C.D.E. 

Alfez, Isaac-Berabbi-Isaac, rabbi and writer of Fez ; 

1013—1103 D.O.Z.C. 

Alfgar, bishop of Elmham, 1001 : d. 1021 d.l. 

Alf helm, bishop of Dorchester ; 1002 Ld. 

Alfiano, Epifauio d', Italian monk and engraver ; 

1.592 B. 

Alfieri, Benedetto-Innocentio, Count, Italian architect 

and advocate ; 1700— 1767 U.D. 

Aleman, Matteo, Spanish romance writer 1570 c. d. 



Alemand, Louis-Augustin, French phj-sician, gram- 
marian, and historian ; 1643 — 1728 C.D.E. 
Alemania, Johann de, German painter ; 1444 d.t. 
Alemann, Conrad, German savant and author ; 1309 — 

1398 D.Q. 

Alfieri, Oger, Italian historian; 13th cent. d.e. 

Alfleri, Vittorio, Count, Ital. poet ; 1749—1803 c.d.r. 
Alfirouzabadi, Abou - Taher - Mahommed - Ibn-Yacoub, 

Arabian hist, and lexicographer ; 1328—1415* D.u. 
Alfnodus, abbot of Westminster ; 939 
Alfon, Juan, Spanish painter ; 1418 B.D.U, 

Alfonse, Jean, French navigator; 15th cent. D.U. 

Alfonse, Louis, French chemist ; 1743—1820 D. 

Alfonso I., king of Aragon, and IX. of Navarre, 1104 ; 

d. 1134 D.E.U. 

Alfonso II., king of Aragon, 1163-96; 6. 1152, d. 

1196 D.R.U. 

Alfonso III., 1285-91 ; 6. 1265, d. 1291 D.R.U. 

Alfonso IV., 1327-36; b. 1299, d. 1336 d.r.u. 

Alfonso V. (the Wise), king of Aragon, 1415-58 ; d. 

1458 E.U. 

Alfonso I. (the Catholic), king of Asturias, 739-57 ; b. 

693, d. lUl D.E.U. 

Alfonso II. (the Chaste), 791-842 ; d. 842 d.e.u. 

Alfonso III. (the Great), king of Leon and Asturias, 

866-910 ; b. 848, d. 912 D.e.u. 

Alfonso IV. (the Monk), 924-31 ; d. 933 D.E.U. 

Alfonso, king of Gallicia, 1109 ; d. 1157 
Alfonso I., d'Este, duke of Ferrara, 1505 ; 6. 1486, d. 

1534 D.U. 

Alfonso II., d'Este, 1559 ; d. 1.597 D.u. 

Alfonso III., d'Este, duke of Ferrara, Modena, and 

Reggio, 1628-29; d. 1644 D.u. 

Alfonso IV., d'Este, 1658 ; 6. 1634, d. 1662 d.u. 

Alfonso v., king of Leon, 999-1028 ; 6. 994, d. 

1028 D.E.U. 

Alfonso VI. (the Valiant), king of Leon (1065-1109), 

and I. of Castile (1072) ; b. 1030, d. 1109 d.e.u. 
Alfonso VIL, king of Leon (1126), and II. of Castile; 

b. 1105, (/. 1157 D.E.U. 

Alfonso VIII. (the Good), king of Leon (1158), and IIL 

of Castile ; b. 1155, d. 1214 D.u. 

Alfonso IX., king of Leon, 1188 ; b. 1155, d. 1230 D.u. 
Alfonso I., king of Castile and Leon. See Alfonso VI. 
Alfonso II. ; b. 1105, d. 1157 d.u.l, 

Alfonso III. (the Noble, or the Good), king of CastUe, 

1158 ; b. 1155, d. 1214 D.e.u. 

Alfonso X. (the Scholar), king of Castile and Leon, 

1252-84 ; b. 1226, d. 1284 D.e.u. 

Alfonso XI., king of Castile, 1312-50 ; b. 1310, d. 

1350 D.E.U. 

Alfonso I., king of Naples and Sicily, 1416-58 ; (V. of 
Araoon); b. 13S5, d. 1458 D.U. 

Alfonso n., k. of Naples, 1494-95 ; 6. 1448, d. 1495 D.u. 

Alfonso, or Affonso I., Henriquez, king of Portugal 
(1112-85) ; 1094—1185 d.r.u. 

Alfonso II. (the Stout), 1211-23 ; 6. 1185, d. 1223 d.e.u. 

Alfonso III., 1248-79 ; b. 1210, d. 1279 d.e.u. 

Alfonso IV. (the Brave), 1325-57 ; b. 1290, d. 1356 D.E. 

Alfonso V. (the African), 1438-81 ; b. 1432, d. 1481 D.E. 

Alfonso VI., 1656-83 ; b. 1643, d. 1683 D.E.u. 

Alfonso, prince of Castile ; d. 1465 H. 

Alfonso, bishop of Avila in the reign of Juan II. R. 

Alfonso of Cart.agena, or de St Marie, Spanish histo- 
rian ; 1396—1456 D.E. 

Alfonso of Zamora, Spanish rabbi ; d. 1531* o.e.d. 

Alfonso de Alcala, Spanish rabbi ; 15th cent. o.D. 

Alfonso de Baena, Juan, Span. writ. ; 1406—1454 D.E. 

Alfonoso de Benevent, Span, canonist ; 15th cent. d.e. 

Alfonso de Espina, or Spina, Spanish theologian and 
preacher; 1450* E.U.D. 

Alfonso de Jubera, Spanish physician ; 16th cent. d.e. 

Alfonso Lopez de Corella, Spanish savant and pro- 
fessor of medicine ; 16th cent. ' D.E. 

Alfonso de la Torre, Spanish writer ; 1450* d.e. 

Alfonso de Torres, Spanish physician and writer ; 
10th cent. D.E. 



ALF 



27 



ALI 



Alfonso, Eodriguez de Guevara, Spanish professor of 
anatomy ; 16th cent. D.E. 

Alfonso de Talavera, Spanish veterinary surgeon ; 
16th cent. d.e. 

Alfonso, Pedro, Spanish Jewish schohir, physician, 
and author ; 1062— 1140 E.B. 

Alfonso. See Albuquerque, Arner, Castro, Cor- 
dova, EsTE, Mela, Payva, Pedro, Quintanilla, 
TosTADO, and Vivera. 

Alforge, Niccolo Guglielmi, Italian engraver K.B. 

Alford, C. K, bishop of Victoria ; 1867 _ d.l. 

Alford, Gregory, mayor of Lyne ; d. 1685 

Alford, Michael (Griffith), English Jesuit and histo- 
rian (1587) ; 1652 c.R.u. 

Alford, Henry, English author, dean of Canterbury ; 

• b. 1810 M. 

Alford, J., English musician ; 1568 

Alford, John, founder of a professorship in Harvard 
CoUege ; 1686—1761 K.A. 

Alford, Joseph, English divine ; 1649 

Alford, Melchizedeck, English loyalist divine ; 1650 

Alford, Robert (Gritfith), Eng. Jesuit ; 1582—1640 R. 

Alford, William, English Jesuit ; d. 1675 R. 

Alfragan, or Alfergarnl, Ahmed-Ben-Kothair, Ara- 
bian astronomer ; d. 802*' D.u.c.P. 

Alfred (the Great), king of Eng. ; 849— 901 C.R.w.u.D. 

Alfred, bishop of Winchester ; 862 dJ. 

Alfred, bishop of Sherborn, 933; d. 941* d.l. 

Alfred, bishop of Selsey ; 942* d I. 

Alfred, or Aleric, bisliop of Crediton (990), abbot of 
Malmsbury, English writer ; d. WM'' D.R. 

Alfred, Aired, or Alured, of Beverley, English chroni- 
cler and historian ; d. 1126* U.D.R. 

Alfred, bishop of Worcester, 1158 ; d. 1160 d.l. 

Alfred (the Philosopher), English savant, commenta- 
tor of Aristotle ; d. 1270 R. 

Alfred, king of Northumbiia, 686-705 ; d. 705 

Alfred Ernest Albert, Prince, duke of Edinburgh, 
English naval captain ; b. 1844 M. 

Alfred, German sculptor and architect ; 9th cent. D. 

Alfric, bishop of Hereford ; 941 d. I, 

Alfric, bishop of Pv,amsbury ; 942 d.l. 

Alfricus, abbot of Westminster ; d. 956 

Alfricus. See Albric. 

Alfsin, bishop of Winchester, 951; archbishop of Can- 
terbury, 959 d.h.l. 

Alfsin, bishop of Winchester, 1014 ; d. 1032 d.l. 

Alftekin, Abou-Mansour-Scherabi, minister to the 
caliph Aziz-Billah ; 980" D. 

Alfwold, king of Northumberland, 778-89 ; d. 789 

Alfwold, king of Northumberland ; d. 810 

Alfwuld, king of East AngUa, 746-49 

Alfwyus, or Alwyus, abbot of Westminster ; d. 1017 

Algarus, abbot of Westminster ; d. 889 

Algardi, Alessandro, Italian sculptor and architect ; 
1593-1654 B.D.R.c. 

Algarotti, Francesco, Italian litterateur aud philo- 
sophical writer ; 1712—1764 C.D.R. 

Al-Gazali, Arabian philosopher ; 1068—1111 G.u.c. 

Algazi, Samuel, of Candia, Jewish author ; 16th 
cent. D.R.o. 

Algazi, Samuel-hen-Isaac, Greek rabbi and author ; 
1560* D.o.z. 

Algazi, Salomon-ben-Abraham, chief rabbi of May- 
ence and writer ; d. 1683 CD. 

Algazi, Solomon, Jewish author; d. 1680 R.o. 

Algazi-Chajim, Greek rabbi ; 17th cent. D.o.z. 

Alger, Flemish priest, savant ; d. 1131 c.d.r. 

Alger, William Rounseville, Amer. author ; b. 1823 a. 

Alghafiki, Abou-Djafar-Alimed-ben-Mohammed, Ara- 
bian physician D. 

Alghalib-Billah, first Moorish king of Granada ; 1195— 
1273 D. 

Alghisi, Francesco, Italian music composer ; 1666 — 
1733 u.D. 

AlgMsi, Galeazo, Italian architect and geometrician ; 
16th cent. C.U.K. 



Alghisi, Tommaso, Italian surgeon and lithotomist ; 

1669-1713 c.i.D. 

Algmadesch, don Meir-ben-Salomon, Spanish rabbi 

and commentator ; 15th cent. CD. 

Algnied, or Algna, bishop of Clonard ; 787 c. 

Algood, Major, English divine ; 1684 
Algrin, or Malgrin, Jean, cardinal, archbishop of 

Besanpon, 1225 ; d. 1237 D. 

Alliagan, or Al-hazem, Arabian philosopher, mathe- 
matician, and astronomer ; d. 1038 U.D. 
Al-Hadi, caliph of Bagdad ; 785 
Alhaitam Ben Obeid, Syrian viceroy of Spain ; 8th 

cent. E. 

Alhakem I. (Alumdafar), caliph of Spain, 796-821 ; 

d. 821 R.D. 

Alliakem II., caliph of Spain, 961-76 ; d. 976 r.d. 
Alhakem-BiamriUah, Abou-Ali-Mausour, caliph of 

Egypt; 996 d. 

Alha'kem-ibn-Atta (Mokenna), Arabian philosopher; 

d. 780 D.u. 

Al-Harith, Arabian astronomer ; 9th cent. d. 

Alhaur Ben Abderahman, Arabian viceroy of Spain ; 

717—721 K. 

Alhazen, or Abdilazum, Arabian scholar and writer ; 

1572 c.p.u. 

Albeard, bishop of Elmham ; 784* d.l. 

Alheard, bishop of Dorchester, 875*; d. 895 d.l. 

Al-Hedjadj-ibn-Mutar, Arabian mathem. ; 800 d. 
Alhmund, bishop of Hexham ; 767—781 d.l. 

Allimund, bishop of Winchester ; 802 d.l. 

Al-Homaydi, Abou-Abdillah - Mohammed - Ibn - AM - 

Nasr-Al-Azdi, Arabian historian ; 1029 — 1095 D. 
Al-Horr, Ibn-Abd-er-rhaman-Athkhefi, emir or caliijh 

of Spain ; 717 D, 

Alhoy, Louis, French professor of Belles-Lettres ; 

1755—1826 R.D. 

Alhoy, Philadelphe Maurice ; Fr. litterateur ; 6. 1802 F. 
Ali, king of Morocco, 1110 ; d. 1115 u. 

Ali, nabob of Oude ; 1781—1817 _ D.u. 

Ali (Coummourdji), Ottoman grand- vizier, 1714 ; d. 

1715 E.D. 

Ali-Aboul-Hasan, sultan of Africa, 1331 ; d. 1351 d. 
Ali-Abou-E-Hassan, k. of Grenada, 1466; d. 1484* u.D. 
Ali-Adil-Shah, Prince, Indian rajah of Bijapour; d. 

1580 D. 

Ali-Albosri (Adh Dharir), Arabian poet; d. 1095 D.u. 
Ali-Ar-Ridha, one of the twelve iman, successor of 

Mahomet ; 758-819 D. 

Ali-Asterabadi, Persian poet ; d. 1431 D. 

Ali, Ben-Abou-Thaleb, cousin, son-in-law, and vizier 

of Mahomed, fourth caliph, 655-61; 602*— 661 D.R. 
Ali Ben Al Abbas AI Madjoucy, Persian physician 

and writer R. 

Ali-Ben-Rodhouan, Arabian phys. ; 11th cent. D.U. 
Ali -Ben -El -Abbas (Ala-eddin-al-madjousi), Arabian 

physician ; d. 994 D. 

Ali Ben Hamad, wall of Ceuta ; 11th cent. r. 

Ali Ben Yussef, emperor of the Almorivides in Africa 

and Spam ; 1107—1144 R. 

Ali-Bestami, Turkish writer ; 1400-1470 D. 

Ali-Bey, chief of the Mamelukes ; 1728—1773 C.U.D. 
Ali-Bey (Bomincio Badia y Leblich), Spanish tra- 
veller; 1766—1818 E.D. 
Ali-Bey, or Ali-Beigh, Polish dragoman to Mahomet 

IV., linguist, translator of the Bible ; d. 1675 R.D. 
Ali-Chorlili, Ottoman grand-vizier ; d. 1711 D. 

Ali EfFendi, Bulgarian author under Selim II. R. 

Ali-6halib, Ottoman pacha and administrator ; b. 

1830 F. 

Ali-Ibn-Abd-Er-Rhaman, Ibn Houheyel, Arabian 

writer ; 14th cent. D. 

Ali-Ibn-Abi-Ali-Assaif, or Saifeddin, Arabian writer ; 

1156—1233 D. 

Ali-Ibn-Ahmed-Aboulkasim-ALmodj-Tabi, Arabian 

mathematician ; 970 D. 

Ali-Ibn-Ahmed-Al-Imrani, Arabian mathematician ; 

d. 955 D. 



ALI 



28 



ALL 



Ali - rbn - Ahmed - Ibn - All - Ibn - Mohammed - Aboul- 

Hasan, Arabian philos. and mathem. ; 1158 — 1215 D. 
Ali-Ibn-Al-Ag-luabi-Ahoulliasan (Shiahani), Arabian 

astronomer D. 

Ali-Iton-Bessam, Arabian historian ; 12th cent. U. 
Ali-Ibn-Hammoud, caliph of Spain ; d. 1017 d. 

Ali - Ibn - Hazm, Abou-Mohammed, Arabian writer ; 

994—1064 D.u. 

Ali-Ibn-Kharuf [Ahoul Hassan), Arabian poet and 

gi-ammarian ; 1155* — 1212 D. 

Ali-Ibn-Sayd, Aboul Hasan Nour Eddiu, Arabian 

historian and geographer ; 1214 — 1286 D.U. 

Ali - Ibn - Sidah, Ibn Ismail - Aboul - Hasan, Arabian 

grammai'ian and lexicographer ; 10th cent. D. 

Ali-Ibn-Younis, Aboul-Hasan, Arabian astronomer ; 

d. 1008 D. 

Ali-Ibn-Zeid, Aboul-Hasan- Attaimi, Arabian astrono- 
mer; 760* CD. 
Ali, Ibn-Joussouf-Ibn-Tachefin, sultan of Africa and 

Spain ; d. 1142 D.U. 

Ali, Khodja, dey of Algiers ; d. 1808 K. 

Ali-Kudschi, Turkish astronomer ; d. 1474 g.d. 

Ali-Makhdum, grand-vizier to Bajazet II. ; d. 1512 d. 
Ali-Moezzin, Ali Pacha Muesinade, Turkish admiral ; 

1570 D. 

Ali-Muesinsade, Turkish jurist ; 1619 d. 

Ali, Mustafa-Ben-Almed-Ben-Abdel-moUah, Turkish 

historian; 1542—1599 D.U. 

Ali-Pacha {Arslan), pacha of Janina, governor of 

Albania ; 1741—1822 U.D. 

Ali Pasha, Mehemet E., Turkish dipl. ; h. 1815 M. 
Ali-Shir-Amir, Persian minister and litterateur; 1440— 

1500 D. 

Ali-Wassi-Effendi, Turkish writer; d. 1543 d.g. 

Aliadeulet, son of Zunbcadir, prince of Ai-menia ; 

1514 R.D. 

Allamet, Francois Germain, Fr. engraver ; 1734 B.u. 
Aliamet, Jacques, Fr. engraver; 1728—1788 B.K.d. 
AUbaud, Louis, French regicide ; 1810—1836 U.D. 
Alitaert, Jean-Louis, Baron, Fr. phj's.; 1766— 1837 D.U. 
Aliberti, Aliberti Ab, Italian i)ainter T. 

AUberti, Giovanni Carlo d'Asti, Italian artist ; 1680 — 

1740 T.K.B. 

Allbrand, Francesco, Italian Jesuit and litterateur ; 

d. 1711 i.D. 

Alibrandi,Girolamo, Sicilian paint. ; 1470-1524 b.d.e.t. 
Alibrando, Francesco, Italian jurist and author ; 

17th cent. E.I. 

Alice, Alice, American authoress ; h. 1820 a. 

Alice, American slave, centenarian ; 1686 — 1802 A. 
Alice of Champagne, wife of Louis VII., and mother 

of Philip Augustus ; d. 1206 K.L.D. 

Alidosi, Giovanni Nicola Pasquale, Italian antiquary ; 

17th cent. D. 

Alidosio I., seigneur of Imola ; 1207 D. 

Alidosio II., Luigi, seigneur of Imola ; 1422* d. 

Alienantus, Geoffrey, Carmelite ; 1340 
Alignan, Benoit d', French Benedictine, traveller ; d. 

1268 U.D. 

Aligny, Claude Felix Theodore (Carnelle), French 

landscape painter ; b. 1798 B.F. 

Aligre, Etienne d', chancellor of France; 1559 — 

1635 R.D. 

Aligre, Etienne (the Younger), chancellor of France ; 

1592—1677 R.D. 

Aligre, Etienne-Frany ois d', French magistrate; 1726— 

1798 D.R. 

Alimpius, Eussian monk of Kief and painter ; 12th 

cent. U. 

Alinard, or Halynard, abp. of Lyons ; d. 1052 u.d. 
Aliprandi, Bernardo, Ital. musician : 18th cent. D. 
Aliprandi, Buonamente, Ital. poet ; 15th cent. U.D.C. 
Alison, Alexander, English author ; b. 1812 
Alison, Sir Archibald, Scottish judge and historian; 

1792-1868 D.M. 

Alison, Francis, Presbyterian minister ; d. 1777 
Alison, "Wm. Pulteney, English physician ; d. 1859 



Aliston, Washington, American painter and poet ; 
1779—1843 D. 

Alix. See Adelaide. 

Alix, Celeste, French eccles. writer ; b. 1820 T. 

Alix, Ferdinand, French theologian ; 1740—1825 D.R. 

Alix, Jean, French paint, and engrav. ; b. 1615 b.u.r. 

AUx, Matthieu-Fran9ois, French phys. ; 1738—1782 D. 

Alix, P. M., French engraver; 1752—1809 B.n.d. 

Alix, Pierre, canon of Besanfon, ecclesiastical histo- 
rian ; 1600—1676 C.R.D. 

Alix, or Allix, Thierry, seigneur of V^roncourt, French 
historian and councillor of state ; 1534—1597 D.U. 

Alizard, Adolphe - Joseph - Louis, French vocalist ; 
1814—1850 D.U. 

Alkabetz, Salomon-ben-Moise, rabbi and commentator 
of Safet, in Galilee ; 1561 O.D. 

Al Kader, caliph of Bagdad ; d. 1031 

Alkadir-BiUah, caliph of Bagdad ; 947—1041 D. 

Al Kaher, caliph of Bagdad, 932-34 

Al Kaim, caliph of Bagdad, 1031-75 

Alkalkashandi, Aboul Abbas Ahmed, Arab, author D. 

Alkan, Charles Valentin Morhange, French musician ; 
b. 1813 

Alkemade, Cornelius van, Dutch antiquaiy ; 1654^ 
1737 _ c.D.R. 

Alkendi, or Alkindi, Arabian physician and philo- 
sopher and commentator ; d. 880* R.D. 

AJkhazredji, Abou Djafa Ibn Abdillakk Alkortobi, 
Arabian historian ; ll50 D.U. 

Alkmaar, Zacharie van, Dutch painter ; 1620 D. 

Alkmaer, Heinrich van, German poet; 1470* C.D.R. 

Alkodhai, Ahmed - bu - Mohammed, Arabian writer ; 
1050* D. 

Alkodhai, Mohammaed - Ibn - Mohammed, Arabian 
writer; d. 1308 D. 

Alkowarezmi, or Alkharizmi, Arabian mathemati- 
cian ; 9th cent. D. 

Allacci, or Allatius, Leone, Italian antiquary, theo- 
logian, librarian of the Vatican ; 1586—1669 K.C.u.D. 

Allain, Andi-ew, English divine and author ; 1655 — 
1685 w.R. 

Allain, J. E., French magistrate ; 1850 F. 

Allainval, Leonor Jean-Christine Soulas d', French 
abbe and comic writer; d. 1753 c.u.D. 

Allaire, Julien-Pierre, French agriculturalist ; 1742 — 
1816 D.U. 

Allais, Denis-Vairasse d', French grammarian ; b. 
1630 CD. 

Allam, Andi-ew, of Oxford, English author ; 1655 — 
1685 _ CD.o. 

Allamand, Swiss Protestant minister and writer ; 18th 
cent. R.D. 

Allamand, Jean-Nicolas-Sebastien, Swiss savant and 
scientific writer ; 1713— 1787 U.D. 

Allan, bishop of the Isles, 1305 ; d. 1321 k. 

AUan, Alexander, English philologist ; d. 1842 

Allan, David, Scottish historical and portrait painter ; 
1744—1796 B.R.u.c 

Allan, Ethan, American author ; 1742 — 1789 a. 

Allan, George, Eng. antiq. and lawyer ; d. 1800 R.D.c. 

Allan, Eobert, Scottish surgeon and writer on ana- 
tomy ; 1778—1826 D. 

Allan, Thomas, Scotch mineralogist ; 1777 — 1833 CD. 

Allan, William, English Jesuit ; 1733—1814 R. 

Allan, Sir William, Scotch liistorical painter ; 1782— 
1850 B. 

AUan-Kardec, Hippolyte Denizard Morhange, French 
Jewish musician ; /;. 1813 

Allan-Kardec, Hippolyte Denizard Rivail, French 
author; b. 1803 

Allantsee, or Alantsee, Leonhard, German printer; 
d. 1518 D. 

Allantsee, or Alantsee, Lucas, German printer; d. 
1522 D. 

Allard, MJlle., French opera dancer ; 1738—1802 D. 

Allard, Abraham, Dutch engraver 

Allard, Carl, Dutch engraver and printseller B. r. 



ALL 



29 



ALL 



Allard, Gervase, high admiral of England ; 1304 
Allard, Guy, French antiquary, historian, and gene- 
alogist ; 1(545—1710 c.u.E. 
Allard, Huych, Dutch engraver; 1700 N.D.B. 
Allard, Jean Baptiste Pierre, French general and 

statesman ; b. 1798 F. 

Allard, Jean Frangois, French general in the service 

of the king of Lahore ; 1785—1839 u.D. 

Allard, Joseph-Felix, French ecclesiastic and littera- 
teur ; 1795—1831 D.K. 
AUard, M. A. L., French deputy, 1750 ; ex. 1794 
Allard, Nelzir, French general ; b. 1798 
Allarde, Pierre-Gilbert Leroi, Baron d', French econo- 
mist ; 1749—1809 F.D.u. 
Allardice, Robert Barclay, Eng. pedestrian ; d. 1854 
•Allart, Hortense, French authoress ; b. 1801 r. 
AUart, Mary Gay, French authoress ; 1750 — 1821 U.D. 
Allason, John, English divine ; 1713 
Allason, Thomas, English architect; d. 1852 
Allatius. See AUacci. 

Allcock, .Jon Junim, English juggler ; d. 1859 
Allcock, Richard, English religious writer ; 1803 
Allde, Edward, English printer ; 1599 
Allde, John, English printer ; 1596 
Alle, Girolanio, Italian monk and litt. ; 1600 U.K. 

Alle, Thomas, English medical writer; 1046 
Allectus, Roman general, emperor in Britain ; d. 

297* D.K. 

AUegrain, Christian-Gabriel, French sculptor ; 1710— 

1795 _ u.D. 

Allegrain, Etienne, French landscape painter and 

engraver; d. 1736 B.u. 

Allegrain, Gabriel, French painter ; d. 1748 B. 

Allegranti, Madalena, Italian singer ; 1713—1785 k.d. 
Allegranza, Guiseppe, Italian archasologist ; 1713 — 

1785 D.s. 

AUegre, Antoine, canon of Clermont and translator ; 

1550* d.u. 

Allegre, Jean Marie, Fr. representative ; b. 1793 F. 
AUegretti, Allegretto degii, Italian political writer ; 

1450 I.D. 

AUegretti, Antoine, Florentine poet ; 1550* i. D. 

AUegretti, Carlo di Monte Prandone, Italian painter ; 

1608 T.D. 

AUegretti, Jacopo, Italian poet and astrologer ; d. 

1390 I.D. 

AUegri, Alessandro, Ital. satirical poet; d. 1596* C.i.R. 
AUegri, Antonio da Corregeio, Italian painter ; 1494 — 

1534 I.B.D.T. 

AUegri, Geronimo, Italian chemiat ; 16SS I.D. 

AUegri, Gregorio, Italian music composer ; 1580''' — 

1640 C.D.K. 

AUegri, Lorenzo, Italian painter ; d. 1527 B.T. 

Allegri, Pomponeo, Italian fresco painter ; b. 1522 B.T. 
AUegrini, Flaminio, Italian painter T. 

AUegrini, Francesco {Da Gubbio), Italian painter ; 

1587—1663 D.B.T. 

AUegrini, Francesco, Italian designer and engraver ; 

b. 1729* B. 

AUegriui, Guiseppe, Italian engraver ; 1746 B. r. 

Allein, Joseph, English theologian and writer ; 1633 — 

1668 CD. 

Allein, Richard, Eng. div. andaiithor; 1611—1681 c.K. 
Allein, Thomas, English divine and author ; 1682" — • 

1755 g.C. 

AUeine, William, English divine ; d. 1677 
AUeluia, Mahaleel, Jewish commentator ; d. 1G80 R. 
AUemand, Georges, French hist, painter ; 1700 D. 
AUemand, Jean-Baptiste, French painter ; 1750 D. 
AUemand, Philippe, French painter ; 1642 D. 

AUemand, Count Zacharie-Jacques-Theodore, French 

admiral ; 1762—1826 U.D. 

AUemanni, Guiseppe, Italian painter ; d. 1739 d. 
Allemanni, Pietro, Italian painter ; 1489 D. 

Alien. See AUeyn, 
AUen, Alexander, English philologist and author ; 

1814-1842 CD. 



AUen, Anthony, English master in Chancery and 
writer; d. 1754 CR. 

AUen, Benjamin, English physician ; 1699 

AUen, Benjamin, American divine ; d. 1829 A. 

AUen, Benjamin, American mathematician and classi- 
cal scholar ; 1771—1836 A. 

AUen, Charles, English medical writer ; 1686 

AUen, Charles, English historian ; 1798 

AUen, Elias, English mathematician ; d. 1653 

Allen, Ephraim, American physician ; d. 1816 A. 

AUen, Ephraim "VV., American editor ; 1780*— 1846 e. 

AUen, Ethan, American revolutionary partisan ; 1738- - 
1789 A.R.C. 

AUen, Fifield, archdeacon of Middlesex ; d. 1764 

AUen, Floiipart von, German designer and engraver ; 
1686 B.R. 

AUen, Francis, engraver ; 1650* r. 

AUen, Francis, English Jesuit ; 1645—1712 R. 

AUen, George, English architect ; d. 1847 

AUen, Harrison, American missionary ; 1792—1831 A. 

AUen, Heman, American politician ; d. 1844 a. 

Allen, Henry, English comedian ; 1819—1867 

AUen, Henry, American religious enthusiast ; 1748— 
1784 e.R.A, 

AUen, Henry, English courtier ; 1585 q. 

AUen, Henry Will., Amer. naval officer ; 1784—1813 A. 

AUen, Hugh, bishop of Down and Connor 1573, 
bishop of Ferns 1582 ; d. 1599 c. 

AUen, Ira, first secretary of Vermont and historian ; 
1752*— 1814 A. a. 

Allen, Isaac, English loyalist divine ; 1660 

Allen, Isaac Nicholson, Eng. author of travels ; d. 1855 

Allen, James, Amer. divine and author ; 1632 — 1710 a. 

Allen, James, American divine ; 1692 — 1747 A. a. 

AUen, James, American politician ; 1698 — 1753 A. 

Allen, James, English tUvine ; 1807 

AUen, James, American i)oet ; 1739 — 1808 A. a. 

AUen, Jennings, soldier of the American revolutionary 
army ; 1721—1835 a. 

Allen, Sir John, lord chancellor of Ireland ; 1550 

Allen, Sir John, sheriff of London, 1518 ; lord mayor, 
1525 and 1535 d, 

AUen, John, sheriff of London ; 1471 d. 

AUen, John, archbishoi) of Dublin, chancellor of Ire- 
land ; 1476-1534 R.u. 

AUen, John, American divine ; 1597 — 1671 A. 

Allen, John, English architect ; 1635 

AUen, John, sec. of Connecticut and magis. ; 1663 A.R. 

AUen, or AUeyn, John, English physician and scholar ; 
d. 1741 D. 

AUen, John, English divine ; d. 1774 

AUen, John, archdeacon of Salop ; b. 1810 M. 

Allen, John Hensleigh, English politician ; d. 1843 

Allen, Jonathan, Amer. agriculturalist; 1773—1845 A. 

AUen, Joseph, English divine ; 1712 

AUen, Joseph, American politician ; 1749—1827 A. 

AUen, Joseph, English artist ; d. 1839 

AUen, Joseph, bishop of Bristol 1834, Ely 1836 ; d. 
1845 d.l. 

AUen, Joseph W., English landscape painter; 1803 — 
1852 B. 

AUen, Joshua, English divine ; 1751 

AUen, Lancelot Baugh, warden of Dulwich Col. ; d. 1845 

AUen, Moses, American ecclesiastic and missionary ; 
1748—1779 e.R.A. 

AUen, Nicholas, bishop of Meath, 1.353 ; d. 1367 c. 

AUen, Nicholas, English poet ; 1569 

AUen, Paul, American poet ; 1775—1826 A.a.e. 

AUen, Peter John, English geologist ; d. 1849 

AUen, Ralj)h, English Jesuit, missionary ; d. 1.587* R. 

AUen, Richard, English theol. and writer ; d. 1717 D. 

AUen, Richard, American divine ; 1760 — 1831 A. 

Allen, Robert, English divine ; 1612 

AUen, Robert, English divine ; 1660 

AUen, Salomon MetcaLf, American professor of lan- 
guages ; 1789—1817 A.R. 

AUen, Samuel, gov. of New Hampshire ; 1635—1705 e. 



ALL 



30 



ALL 



Allen, Samuel C, American politician ; d. 1845 A. 
Allen, Samuel James, EngUsh divine ; d. 1856 
Allen, Solomon, American revolutionary soldier ; 

1751-1821 e.A.R. 

Allen, Thomas, English divine ; d. 1558 q. 

Allen, Thomas, English mathem. ; 1542—1632 C.R.f. 
Allen, Thomas, Nonconformist divine and writer : 

1608—1673 c. 

Allen, Sir Thomas, English admiral ; 1660* K. 

Allien, Thomas, English theologian ; 1682—1755 CD. 
Allen, Thomas, American ecclesiastic and soldier ; 

1743-1810 A.R.'f. 

Allen, Thomas, American divine ; 1750—1827 A. 

AUen, Thomas, English historian ; 1803-1833 D.o.C. 
Allen, Timothy, American divine ; 1715—1806 A. 
AUen, Sir William, sheriff of London, 1562; lord 

mayor, 1571 d. 

Allen, William, English author ; d. 1686 
Allen, William, American divine ; 1676—1760 A. 

Allen, William, chief-justice of Pennsylvania and 

writer ; d. 1725 e.A. 

Allen, William, Amer. divine and author; h. 1784 a.G. 
AUen, William, English chemist ; d. 1843 
AUen, William, English Koman Catholic bishop and 

cardinal ; d. 1 84 5 l5Qii, 
AUen, William Ferneley, sheriff of London, 1857 ; 

lord mayor of London, 1867-68 D. 

AUen, William Henry, American naval officer ; 1784 — 

1813 e.R.A. 

AUen, William Howard, American naval officer; 1792— 

1822 e. 

AUen, William Sliepherd, English politician ; h. 1831 
AUen, Z., American author ; 6. 1796 a. 

AUenius, Sex. Papinius, consul of Rome ; 36 h. 

AUenson, John, English divine and aiithor ; 1600 q. 
AUenson, Thomas, English divine ; 1550 q. 

AUent, Pierre- Alexandre -Joseph, French general; 

1772—1837 D. 

AUeon - Dulac, Jean - Louis, French naturalist and 

mineralogist ; d. 1768 D.R. 

AUerandre. See Alexandre. 
AUerstain, or Hallerstain, German Jesuit missionary 

to China ; d. Pekin 1777 u.R. 

AUerton, Isaac, one of the first settlers of Plymouth, 

America ; d. 1659 a. 

AUertliorpe, Lawrence de, English baron of the Ex- 
chequer, 1377 ; d. 1406 /. 
AUestree, Charles, English divine ; 1695 
AUestree, Richard, provost at Eton, royalist, and 

author ; 1619 — 1681 R.C.D. 

AUestree, Thomas, English divine ; d. 1715 
AUestry, Jacob, English poet ; 1653—1686 d.w.r.c. 
AUet, Jean-Charles, French engraver and designer ; 

d. 1668 B.D. 

AUet, Thomas, English divine ; 1720 
AUetz, Pierre-Edouard, French author ; 1798—1850 D. 
AUetz, Pons-Auguste, French compiler of educational 

works ; 1703 — 1785 U.D. 

AUey, Jerome, Irish poet and political writer ; 1760 — 

1827 D. 

AUey, Peter, English poet ; 1754 

AUey, Raphe, sheriff of Londun ; 1545 d. 

AUey, Richard, sheriff of London ; 1452 d. 

AUey, William, English prelate, bisliop of Exeter, 

translator of tlie Bible ; 1512*— 1570 Q.w.w.l. 

AUeyn, or Allen, Edward, English actor, founder of 

Dulwich College ; 1566—1626 W.c. 

AUeyn, John, Eng. baron of the Exchequer ; 1509 /. 
AUesTi, Thomas, sheriff of London ; 1414 d. 

AUeyn, Thomas, sheriff of London ; 1654 d. 

AUejme, John, English divine; 1707 
AUeyne, John, EngUsh lawyer; 1774 
AUeyne, Sir Thomas, lord mayor of London ; 1659 d. 
AUgaier, Johann, German chess-player and writer ; (/. 

1821 €. 

AUibond, John, English divine and Latin author ; d. 

1658 K.c. 



AUibond, Peter, English divine ; 1560—1629 R.C 

AUibone, Richard, English justice of the King's Bench, 
1687; d. 1688 /.r. 

AUier, AchiUe, French engraver and antiquary ; 1807 — 
1836 U.D. 

AUier, Antoine, French sculptor and representative ; 
h. 1793 F.D. 

AUier, Claude, French curate and royalist ; d. 1793 D.F. 

AUier, Dominique, French royalist ; d. 1798 D.D. 

AUier de Hauteroche, Louis, French antiquary and 
numismatist ; 1766—1827 u.D. 

AUies, Thomas William, English divine and contro- 
versial writer ; h. 1811 m. 

AUiey, Frederic, French technologist ; 6. 1790 F. 

AUiez, Jabez, English antiquary ; d. 1856 

AUin, Edmund, English martyr ; d. 1557 

AUin, Richard, English antiquary ; d. 1747 

AUin, Rose, English martyr ; d. 1557 

AUingham, William, Irish poet ; h. 1828 

AUington, Argentine, Eng. naval cajitain ; 18th cent. R. 

AUington, John, English divine ; 1678 

AUington, William, speaker of the House of Com- 
mons ; d. 1429 

AUington, WOliam, speaker of the House of Com- 
mons ; d. 1472 

AUingham, William, Irish poet ; h. 1828 

AUio, Matteo, Italian sculjitor ; 17th cent. n.D. 

AUio, Tommaso, Italian sculptor ; 17th cent. d. 

AUioli, Joseph-iranz, German theologian and author; 
6. 1793 ■ D.F. 

AlUoni, Chalo, Italian physician and botanist ; 1725 — 
1804 u.G.c. 

AUiot, Pierre, French physician and medical author ; 
1666 u.D. 

AUis, John, English divine ; 1707 

Allison, Francis, American divine ; 1705 — 1777 A. 

AUison, Patrick, American divine ; 1740 — 1802 a. 

AUison, Thomas, English Arctic traveller ; 1697 CD. 

AUix, Jacques-Alexandre-Frangois, French general ; 
1776—1836 D.u. 

AUiX, Pierre, French Protestant theologian, contro- 
versialist, and author in England ; 1641 — 1717 R.u.c 

AUix, Pierre, French judge and poet ; d. 1793 or 5 U.D. 

AUis, Peter, dean of Ely ; d. 1758 

AUoisi, Baldassare {Galanino), Italian historical and 
portrait painter ; 1578 — 1638 b.c 

Allom, Tliomas, English architect and landscape 
painter ; h. 1804 B. 

AUonviUe, Armand-Fran^ois, Comte d', French officer 
and writer ; 1764—1832 d. 

AUonviUe, Louis-Alexandre d', French prefect and 
councillor of state ; 1774 —1845 D. 

AUori, Alessandro (Bronzino), painter of Florence ; 
1535—1607 u.B.D.CT. 

AUori, Christofano, painter of Florence ; 1577 — 1621 

B.U.D.C.T. 

AUot, John, sher. of London, 1580 ; lord mayor, 1590 d. 

Allot, Robert, English poet ; d. 1642 

AUot, William, English divine in France ; d. 1590 q. 

AUott, Richard, English divine ; d. 1832 

AUou, Charles-Nicolas, French archaeologist and anti- 
quarian writer ; 6. 1787 D. 

AUou, Gilles, French historical painter ; 1711 u.D. 

AUouette, Francois de 1', French antiquary and author ; 
1530—1608 U.D. 

AUoury, Louis, French journalist ; 6. 1805* F. 

AUouville, Armand Octave Marie d', Fr. gen.; 6. 1809 

AUsop, Charles, English geologist ; d. 1836 

AUston, Joseph, general and governor of South Caro- 
lina ; 1778-1816 A.f. 

AUston, Robert Francis Withers, governor of South 
Carolina ; h. 1801 ,;. 

AUston, Washington, American painter and author ; 
1780—1843 A.B.e.a. 

AUston, William, senator in the first American con- 
gress; 1757— li^39 A. 

AUuno, Nicola, Italian painter ; d. 1492* u. 



ALL 



3] 



ALO 



Allut, Antoine, French advocate, encyclopedist: 174H — 
1794 P.D 

Allut, Jean, nom de plume of a French fanatical writer, 
named EUas Marion ; 1714 E.D. 

Allut, Scipion, French translator; d. 1786 U.D. 

AUwoerden, Heinrich von, German theologian ; IStli 
cent. D.E. 

AU-wood, Philip, English writer ; d. 1838 
Allyu, John, American divine ; 1767 — 1833 A. 

Allyn, Matthew, Amerian judge ; 1661—1758 A. 

Almacin, or Elmacin, Ibnoul Omayd Aboul Yasar, 
Arabian writer ; 14th cent. C.D. 

Almada, D. Alvaro Vas de, count of Avranches, 
Portuguese cavalier and warrior ; d. 1449 D. 

Almadjeritti, Moslemah-ibn-Ahmed, Arabian mathe- 
matician and astronomer ; d. 1007 D. 
Almagro, Diego d', Spanish general, one of the con- 
querors of Peru ; 1475 — 1538 D.E. 
Almagro, Diego d', gov. of Peru ; 1520—1542 d.e. 
Almabdl, Abou - Mohammed - Obeydullah, caliph of 
Bagdad; 873—934 D. 
Almahdi Billah, caliph of Bagdad ; d. 785 D. 
Almain, Jacques, French theologian and scholastic 
writer; d. 1515 E.D.C. 
Almakhzoumi, Aboul-Motref- Ahmed, Arabian histo- 
rian and poet ; 1189 — 1256 D. 
Almamoun, or Manioun, king of Toledo • 1064 d. 
Al Mamun, caliph of Bagdad ; d. 833 
Alman, John, of Constantinople ; 15th cent. E. 
Almanue, or Altmanue, French monk and hagio- 
grapher; d. 882 D. 
Almansor, or Mansor, Arabian caliph, builder of 
Bagdad, 758 ; d. 775 D. 
Almansor, Jakub, k. of the Moors in Spain ; d. 1198 
Almanzi, Guiseppe, Italian hebraist ; h. 1814 D. 
Almarus, or .ffilmerus, English abbot, bishop of Sher- 
borne ; 1022 E.u.c. 
Almasy, Moritz, Count of, Austrian politician ; b. 
1808 F. 
Almasy, Paul, Hungarian politician ; h. 1818 r. 
Almeida, Antonio d', Portuguese surgeon and author ; 
1761—1822 D.E. 
Almeida, Brites d' [Portuguese Joan of Arc), heroine; 
1385 D. 
Almeida, Fernando de, Portugviese mus.; d. 1638 d.y. 
Almeida, Don Francisco de, conde de Abrantes, Por- 
tuguese admiral, viceroy of the Indies, 1505 ; d. 
1509 u.R.c. 
Almeida, Gregorio de, or P. Joao de Vasconcellos, 
Portuguese Jesuit and author ; 1592 — 1661 D. 
Almeida, Juan, Jesuit missionary ; d. 1632 
Almeida, Lourenco de, Portuguese navigator ; d. 
1508 _ D.c. 
Almeida, Manoel, Portuguese Jesuit missionary ; 
1580—1646 u.D.c. 
Almeida, Nicolao Tolentino d', Portuguese satmcal 
poet ; 1745-1811 r/.E. 
Almeida, o?- Almeyda,Theodoro, Portuguese Oratorian, 
monk, and writer ; 1722— 1803 U.C. 
Almeida MeUo E Castro, Don Joam d', conde das 
Galveas, Portuguese statesman ; 1757—1814 D.R. 
Almeira, Francesco de, Portuguese viceroy of India ; 

1505 

Almelia, Pedro Rodrigues de, Spanish ecclesiastic ; 

16th cent. E. 

Almeloven, Jan, Dutch painter and engraver ; h. 

1614* R.B.D. 

Almeloveen, Theodor Jansson van, Dutch physician, 

hellenist, and commentator ; 1657 — 1712 n. R. C. 

Almenar, Juan, Spanish phys. and author ; 1500 e.d. 

Almendingen, Ludwig Harscher von, German jurist 

and political writer ; 1766 — 1827 U. E. 

Aimer, Jean - Christian, Danish painter ; 1742 — 

1792 N.D. 

Almeras, Louis, Baron, Fr. general; 1768—1828 f.d. 

Almeric, king of Cyprus ; d. 1206 

Almetuakel, king of Badajos ; d. 1093 



Almeyda, D. Francisco de, Portuguese theologian and 

author ; 6. 1701 d. 

Almici, Giambattista, Italian jurist and writer ; 1717— 

1793 E. 

Almici, Pietro-Camillo, Italian Oratorian and savant ; 

1714-1779 u.D.c. 

Almodovar, Don Ildefonso Dias de Ribera, Duke of, 

Spanish dipl., gen., and translator; d. 1794 D.U.C. 
Almodovar, Don Ildefonso Dias de Ribera, Count of, 

Spanish general and statesman ; 1820 D. 

Almoefif, Nils Wilhelm, Swedish actor ; h. 1799 F. 
Almohallaby, Ben - Ahmed - Hassan, Arabian geo- 
grapher ; 10th cent. d. u. 
Al Mohtadi, caliph of Bagdad, 869 ; d. 870 
Al Moktad, caliph of Bagdad ; 1075—1094 
Al Moktader, caUph of Bagdad ; 908 
Almoli, Solomon, Levantine rabbi and author; 1500 O. E. 
Almon, John, English political writer and bookseller ; 

1738—1805 c.^.u. 

Almonacid, Sebastien de, Spanish sculptor ; 1500 D. 
Almond, John, English hebraist ; d. 1653 
Almonde, Philip van, Dutch admiral; 1646—1711 U.D, 
Almor, Don Juan, Spanish painter ; 18th cent. d. 
Al Mortader, caliph of Bagdad ; 1094—1118 
Almosnino, Moses-Ben-Baruch, Greek rabbi, scholar, 

and author; 6.1523 R.o.z.D. 

Al Mostadhi, caliph of Bagdad ; 1170—1180 
Al Mostanser, caliph of Bagdad ; 1226—1243 
Al Mostasem, caliph of Bagdad, 1243-58 ; d. 1258 
Al Mostashed, caliph of Bagdad ; 1118—1135 
Al Motadhed, caliph of Bagdad ; 892-902 
Al Motaki, caliph of Bagdad ; 940—944 
Al Motamed, caliph of Bagdad ; 870—892 
Al Motassem, caliph of Bagdad, 833-41 ; d. 841 
Al Motawakkel, caliph of Bagdad, 847-61 ; d. 861 
Al Motaz, caliph of Bagdad, 866-69 ; d. 8G9 
Al Moti, caliph of Bagdad ; 945—974 
Almguist, Karl Jonas Ludvig, Swedish litterateur ; 

h. 1793 M.D. 

Alms, James, English naval captain ; 1760 E. 

Almuatedid, Muhamed, caliph of Spain ; 1068 
Almudafar, king of Valencia ; 1064 D. 

Alnander, Olaf-Jean, Swedish antiquary and biblio- 
grapher ; 1700 U.D. 
Alnander, Samuel-Jean, Swedish bibliographer ; d. 

1772 D. 

Al Naser, caliph of Bagdad ; 1180—1225 
Alnpeke, Ditleb von, German chronicler ; 1290 D. 
Alnwick, William, bishop of Norwich 1426, Lincoln 

1436 ; d. 1449 d.l. 

Aloadin, or Ala-Eddin, seventh prince of the Ismae- 

lians, or Assassins , 1221 E. 

Aloara, Italian princess ; d. 981 
Aloara, widow of Pandulph, prince of Capua and 

Benevento ; d. 992 K. 

Alois, Giovanni-Francesco, Italian poet ; d. 1564 D. 
Aliprando, Michelangelo, Veronese jJainter T. 

Alois, Maria-Joseph-Joachim-Franz, prince of Lich- 

tenstein ; 6. 1796 D. 

Alois, Pietro, Italian poet and theologian ; d. 1C67 i.D. 
Aloisi, Baltasaro (Gala/dno), Italian xmmter ; 1578 — 

1638 U.T. 

Aloja, Guiseppe, Italian engraver ; 1750 D. 

Alompra, or Alom-pra, or Alaong-b'-houra, king of 

Ava; 1710*— 1760 U.D. 

Alonso de los Rios, Pedro, Span, sculp. ; 1650—1700 d. 
Alonso de Mendoza, Spanish traveller ; 1548 D. 

Alonso de Mercadillo, Spanish traveller ; 1546 D. 
Alopa, Francisci or Francescho, printer of Florence ; 

1487—1492 D. 

Alopa, Lorenzo, Italian pi;inter and scholar ; 1494 u.d. 
Alopaus, David, Count of, Russian diplomatist ; 1769 — 

1831 TJ-U. 

Alopeus, Maximilian, Russian dipl.; 1748—1821 D.u. 
Alopo, Pandolfo, favourite of Joanna II. of Naples ; 

d. 1415 
Alos, Juan, Spanish phys. and author ; 17th cent. D. 



ALO 



32 



ALT 



Aloysia, Sigea, Spanish authoress and linj^uist ; 1540 
Aloystus, Giovanni - Battista, Italian music com- 
poser ; 1600 D.K. 
Alpago, Andrea, Italian physician ; 1520 D.u.i. 
Alpaide, wife of Pepin D'Heristal, and mother of 

Charles Martel ; 714 U.K. 

Alpalas, rabbi of Salonichi, writer E. u. 

Alp-Arslan, Lhaz ed Dyn Abou Chudjaa, Seldjoucide 

sultan of Persia, 1064 ; lOSO"— 1072 u.D, 

Alpedrinha, D. Jorge da Costa, arclibishop of Lisbon, 

statesman ; 1406 — 1508 D. 

Alphacar, Judas - Ben - Joseph, Spanish rabbi and 

writer; 12th cent. O.D. 

Alphaizuli, Maria, poetess of Seville ; 8th cent. 
Alphand, Charles Adolphe, French engineer ; b. 1817 
Alphanus, or Alphani, Italian physician and autlior ; 

IBtli cent. D. 

Alpharabius, Giacomo, Ital. antiq. ; loth cent. u.D. 
Alphen, Daniel van, Dutch jurist ; 1713—1797 D. 
Alphen, Eusebius Johann, German painter: 1741 — 

1772 D. 

Alphen, Jerome van, Dutch theologian ; 1700 — 1750 D. 
Alphen, Jerome van, Dutch poet ; 1746—1803 U.D. 
Alphen, Jerome-Simon van, Dutch theologian : 1665^ 

1742 D. 

Alpherios, or Alpherius, or Alferi, Jacinthe, Spanish 

physician : 17th cent. i.D. 

Alphery, Nikephor, Russian Protestant theologian in 

England ; 1618 W.C.U.D. 

Alpheus, Mytilenseus, Greek poet ; 1st cent. B.C.* D.X. 
Alpheus, Greek engraver; 1st cent. D. 

Alphius Avltus, Roman poet ; 1st cent.* d. 

Alphonse, Louis, French apothecary; 1743—1820 E.U, 
Alphonso. See Alfonso. 
Alpin, Peter, English admii-al ; d. 1817 
Alpine, kmg of Scotland, 833-36 
Alpini, Prospero, Italian physician, botanist, and 

author ; 1553 — 1617 R.D.C. 

Alpinus, Latin poet, probably the same as M. Furius 

Bibaculus ; 1st cent. B C. D.X. 

Alprunus, Johann Baptist, German physician ; 17tli 

cent. D. 

Alpteghyn, founder of the dynasty of the Gasnevide.s ; 

d. 975 E.U.D. 

Alquie, Alexis, French physician ; b. 1812 F. 

Alquie, FranQois-Savinien, French writer ; 1670 U.D. 
Alquie, Jean Dominique, French military surgeon ; 

b. 1792 
Alquier, Charles-Jean-Marie, French representative 

and diplomatist ; 1752 — 1826 F.u. 

Al Radhi, caliph of Bagdad, 934-40 
AlraM, Josue-ibn-Vibesh, Spanish rabbi ; 12th— 13th 

cent. O.D. 

Al RasMd, calipli of Bagdad ; 1135 
Al Raxid, son of Mohammed, king of Seville and Cor- 
dova E. 
Aired. See Alfred. 
Alrlc, king of Kent ; 760 
Als, Petrus, Danish historical and portrait painter; 

1725-1775 N.B.D. 

Alsace, Charles-Alexandre-Marc-Marcellin, prince of 

Henin, French general ; d. 1794 D. 

Alsace, Philippe-Gabriel-Maurice d', Belgian cheva- 
lier ; d. 1802 U.D. 
Alsace, Thomas-Alexandre-Marc d', prince de Chimay, 

French colonel U.D. 

Alsace, Thomas Louis de Henin-Lietard, Cardinal d', 

archbishop of Malines ; 1680—1759 D. U. 

Alsager, Thomas Massa, English journalist ; d. 1846 
Alsama, or Zama, Saracen commander in Spain ; <f. 

721 K. 

Alsario, or Alzario, or Delia Croce, Vincenzio [Aha- 

riits), Italian jihysician utkI author ; b. 1576 D. 

Alschheik, Bloses, rablii and commentator of Safet in 

U])per Galilee ; d. 1592 d.o.e. 

Alsloot, Daniel van, Flemish landscape cainter; 1550 — 

1608 B.D. 



Alsloot, Denis van, landscape and portrait painter ; 
1612* B, 

Alsop, Anne, English theological writer ; 1801 

Alsop, Anthony, English poet and miscellaneous 
writer; d. 1726 D.c.E. 

Alsop, Anthony, English divine ; d. 1772 

Alsop, Benjamin, English divine ; 1690 

Alsop, George, American .luthor ; 1660* a. 

Alsop, George, English divine ; 1679 

Alsop, John, English author ; 1602 q. 

Alsop, Nathaniel, English divine ; 1600 

Alsop, Richard, Amer. poet ; 1759 or 61—1815 A. a. 

Alsop, Robert, sheriff of London ; 1732 d. 

Alsop, Thomas, English royal apothecary ; d. 1558 

Alsop, Vincent, English Nonconformist divine ; d. 
1703 W.E.C. 

Alstan, bishop of Sherboume ; d. 867 

Alstedius, Johann-Heinrich, German theologian and 
historian; 1588—1638 u.D.c. 

Alston, Charles, Scottish physician, botanist, and 
author ; 1683—1760 R.U.C. 

Alston, Sir Edward, English ])hysician ; d. 1669 

Alston, Sir R., high admiral of England ; 1369 

Alston, or AUston, Wm., Amer. painter ; d. 1830 N.D. 

Alstorph, Jan, Dutch antiquary ; 1680—1719 U.K. 

Alstroemer, CIaz o?- Claude, Swedish botanist ; 1736— 
1796 D.u.N.c. 

Alstroemer, Jonas, Swedish merchant and manufac- 
turer; 1685—1761 u.K.c. 

Alsufy, Alsoufy, Arabian astronomer ; 903 — 986 U.K. 

Alt, or Altzius, Elias, German painter ; 1580 D.N. 

Alt, Franz Johann-Nicolas, Baron d', Swiss historian ; 
1689-1771 u.D.c. 

Altades, king of Assyria ; B.C. 1702 H. 

Al Tai, caliph of Bagdad, 974-91 

Altamonte, Martino, of Naples, painter ; 1657—1745 B. 

Altani, Antonio, Italian prelate and dii)lomatist ; d. 
14-50 or 51 D.E. 

Altani, Antonio, Italian poet ; 1505—1570 u.D. 

Altani, Enrico, Italian poet ; d. 1648 I.D. 

Altani, Enrico, Italian litterateur ; 1653—1738 i.D. 

Altaphlisi, Hobaisch, Jewish physician ; 1535 D. 

Altardjeman, Sallam, Arabian traveller ; 960* u.D. 

Altaroche, Marie Michel, French litterateur and poli- 
tician ; b. 1811 F.D. 

Altdorfer, or Altorfer, Albei-t, Swiss painter and en- 
graver ; 1488— 1538 U.C.B.G.R. 

Alien, Carl- August Graf von, German general ; 1764^ 
1840 D. 

Altenheim, Gabrielle Soumet d', French authoress ; 
6. 1814 F. 

Altensteig, or Altenstaig, Johann, German Catholic 
theologian; 1510 G.D. 

Altenstein, Baron Carl Stein von, Prussian statesman ; 
1770-1840 D. 

Alter, Franz-Carl, German Jesuit, philologist, and 
litterateur ; 1749-1804 U.E.c. 

Altham, German painter ; 1660* B. 

Altham, Arthur, English divine ; 1686 

Altham, Edward, sheriff of London ; 1531 d. 

Altham, James, sheriff of London ; 1557 d. 

Altham, Sir James, English baron of the Exchequer, 
1607 ; d. 1617 /. 

Altham, Micliael, English divine ; d. 1704 

Altham, Roger, English divine ; 1732 

Althamer, Andreas, German Lutheran pastor and 
controversialist ; 1498—1540 D.C. 

Aithen, Ehan or Jean, Persian introducer of the 
madder plant into France ; 1711 — 1774 i). 

Althcf, Ludwig-Christoph, German physician and 
author; 1758—1832 D.U. 

Althorp, John Charles, Earl Spencer, English states- 
man ; 1782-1845 

Althusen, Jan, Dutch jurist, professor of law at Her- 
born ; 1557—1638 D.C. 

Alticherio, or Aldigiarl da Zevio, Italian painter ; 
14th cent. T.D. 



ALT 



33 



ALY 



Alticozzi, Lorenzo, Italian Jesuit and author ; 1689 — 
1777 i-D-C. 

Alticozzi, Eenaud - Angillieri, of Cortona, poet ; 
1749 U.D. 

Altieri, Lnigi d', Italian statesman ; b. 1805 

Altilius, or Atilio, GabrieUo, Italian Latui poet ; d. 
1501* I.U.C. 

Alting, Heinrich, German Protestant theologian and 
writer; 1583—1644 _ V.C. 

Alting, Jacob, German theologian, orientalist, and 
hebraist; 1618—1667 U.K. 

Alting, Menso, Dutch theologian ; 1541—1617 U.D.C. 

Alting, Menso, Dutch geographer, burg;omaster of 
Groeningen; 1636—1713 E.U.C. 

Altissimo, Ital. poet and improvisators ; 1514 k.t.c. 

Altissimo, dell' Aristofano,Florent. painter ; 1586 t.B.D. 

Altmann, Johann-Georg, Swiss philologist and archae- 
ologist; 1697—1758 U.G.C. 

Altmeyer, Jean Jacques, Belgian litt. ; b. 1804 p. 

Altobello, painter of Cremona ; 16th cent. B.D. 

Altobello, Francesco Antonio, Italian painter; 17th 
cent. B.n. 

Altomare, Giovanni, Italian physician and author; 
16th cent. I.D. 

Altomari, Donato-Antonio, Italian physician, natu- 
ralist, and author; 16th cent. I.U.C. 

Altomonte, Andrea, Italian engraver ; 1728 B. 

Altomonte, Martino, Italian painter and engraver ; 
1657—1745 N.B.D. 

Alton, Johann Samuel Eduard von, German physi- 
cian ; b. 1803 D. 

Alton, Joseph AVilhelm Eduard von, German natu- 
ralist and antiquary ; 1772—1840 D. 

Alton, Kichard Graf von, Austrian general; 1720 — 
1789 or 93 U.D. 

Alton, William, Eaglish divine ; 1330 

Alton-Shee de Ligueres, Edmond, Comte d', French 
peer and politician ; b. 1810 F.D. 

Altorfer. See Altdorfer. 

Altouvitis, or Altovitis, Fr. poetess; 1550—1606 d.k. 

Altoviti, Antonio, abp. of Florence; 1521—1573 O.i.e. 

Altoviti, Marseille d', Florentine poetess ; d. 1609 

Altsclml, Elias, German physician and medical writer ; 
b. 1812 . D.P. 

Altsculler, Naphtali, German rabbi and author ; 16th 
cent. E. 

Altus, .John, English poet ; 1530 

Altzentoack, Wilhelm, German engraver ; 1650* B.E. 

Aluberht, bishop of Selsey ; 755* d.l. 

Alunno, Francesco, Italian mathematician, philologist, 
and author; 1530 I.U.C. 

Alunno, Niccolo, Italian painter ; d. 1492* n.B.N.T. 

Alvin, Ludwig Joseph, Belgian litterateur ; b. 1806 F. 

Alwred, John, English regicide ; 1649 

Alwred, Matthew, English colonel ; 1654 

Alwred, Thomas, English writer ; 1628 

Alva. See Alba. 

Alva y Astorga, Pedro de, Spanish Franciscan, mystic 
writer and missionary to Peru; d. 1667 U.e.e. 

Alvarado, Alfonso d'. Span. gov. of Peru ; d. 1554 K. 

Alvarado, Don Pedro d', one of the Spanisli conquerors 
of Mexico ; d. 1541 U.D.E. 

Alvare Pelage, Don Alvar Francisco Paez, Spanish 
theologian ; d. 1352 U.D. 

Alvares, Portuguese impostor ; d. 1585 E. 

Alvarez, Spanish sculptor ; d. 1830 _ N.u. 

Alvarez, Antonio, Spanish professor of medicine at 
VaUadolid ; 16th cent. e.d. 

Alvarez, Baltazar, Portuguese Jesuit and theologian ; 
d. 1628 D.E. 

Alvarez, Bernardin de. Span, philant. ; 1514—1584 D.E. 

Alvarez, Diego, Span. Jesuit and litt. ; d. 1617 e.d.u.C. 

Alvarez, Diego, Sp<anish Dominican, professor of theo- 
logy in Spain and Rome ; d. 1635 D.e.u.e. 

Alvarez, Em., Portuguese hebraist ; 1526 — i5S3 e.u.c. 

Alvarez, Francisco, Portuguese traveller and writer on 
Abygsinia, 1515; d. after 1540 d.e.c. 



Alvarez, F. Joana, Portuguese writer ; 1500 y.d. 

Alvarez, Jaun, Mexican general ; b. 1780* M. 

Alvarez, Lorenzo, Spanish painter; 1640 B.N.D. 

Alvarez, Manuel, Spanish sculptor; 1727—1797 N.D. 
Alvarez, Martin don, count of Colomera, Spanish 

general; 1714—1819 f.D. 

Alvarez, Nunez, Spanish physician ; 16th cent. D.E. 
Alvarez, Pedro, Span. med. ynit. and commentator D, 
Alvarez, P. Gongalo, Portuguese Jesuit and missionarv; 

d. 1573 D.Y. 

Alvarez, P. Luiz, Portuguese Jesuit and writer ; 1618— 

1709 D. 

Alvarez, Thome, Spanish phys. of Seville ; 1569 D, 
Alvarez, Thome, Portuguese canonist ; 1600 Y.D. 

Alvarez-Borges, Juan, Spanish veterinary surgeon ; 

1660 D.E. 

Alvarez-Cabral, Ferdinando, Spanish phys. ; 1636 d.e. 
Alvarez-Chacon-Didacus, Spanish physician ; 1506 d. 
Alvarez da Cunha, D. Antonio, Portuguese writer ; 

1626—1690 D. 

Alvarez de Castro, Spanish physician and writer d.u. 
Alvarez de Castro, Mariano, Spanish general ; 1770*— 

1810 E.D. 

Alvarez de Colmenar, Juan, Spanish or French writer; 
1707 D.E. 

Alvarez de Miraval, Blasius, Spanish doctor of theo- 
logy and medicine ; 1597 D. 

Alvarez de Oriente, Fernao d', Portuguese poet; d. 

1595 Y.D.E.C. 

Alvarez de Paz, Diego, Spanish Jesuit and author ; 

1560—1620 E.D. 

Alvarez de Ribera, Francisco, Spanish jurist ; 1530— 

1605 E.D. 

Alvarez y Baena, Josef -Antonio, Spanish biographer ; 

d. 1803 D.E. 

Alvaro, Giovanni, Italian painter ; 18th cent. D. 

Alvaro Pelagio, bishop of Silves, in Algarve, and 
' author ; d. 1352 , e. 

Alvarotto, Jacopo, Italian legist ; 1385—1453 l.D.c. 
Alvarus, Paulus (Cordubensis), Span. writ. ; d. 861 D. 
Alvensleben, Albert, Count of, Prussian statesman ; 

b. 1794 D.M. 

Alvensleben, Carl Gerhard von, Prussian general ; 

1778-1831 E.u. 

Alvensleben, Philip Carl, Count of, Prussian diplo- 
matist and statesman ; 1745 — 1802 E.D.U.C. 
Alveme, Ankelylle de, sheriff of London ; 1269 d. 
Alves, Eobert, Scottish poet ; 1745—1794 D. 
Alvey, Henry, Puritan divine ; d. 1627 
Alvey, Richard, Eng. master of the Temple; d. 1584 q. 
Alvey, Thomas, English physician ; 1695 
Alvey, Yeldard; loyal vicar of Newcastle-on-Tyne ; d. 

1649 
Alviano, Bartolomeo, Venetian gen, ; 1455 — 1515 U.E. 
Alvin, Louis Joseph, Belgian author ; b. 1806 
Alvintzi, Peter, Hungarian Protestant clergyman and 

controversialist; 17th cent. d.k. 

Alvinzy, Joseph, Baron d', Austrian" field-marshal ; 

17'^6 or 35-1810 u.D. 

Alviset, Dom Arsene, Fr. Latin author ; d. 1698 B.u. 
Alviset, Dom Beuoit, French Benedictine writer; 

d. 1673 u.D. 

Alwathik-BUlali, Abou Djafar Haroun, caliph of 

Bagdad, 842 ; f/. 847 D.U. 

Alwig, bishop of Lindsey, 733; d. 750 d.l. 

Alwin, bishop of Elmham ; 1016 d.l. 

Alwin, I Ishop of Winchester, 1032 ; d. 1047 d.l.H. 
Alwin, Sir Nicholas, sheriff of London, 1494 ; lord 

mayor, 1499 d. 

Alwinus, bishop of St Andrews ; 10th cent. k. 

Alwyns, abbot of Westminster ; d. 820 
Alwyns II., abbot of AVestminster ; d. 837 
Alxinger, Johann-Baptist d', German poet ; 1755 — 

1797 U.E.O. 

Alyattes, king of Lydia ; d. B.C. 562 U.D.x. 

Aly-Chyr, or Aly-Shir [the Emir), Persian poet, king 

of Khorasan; d. 1500 u.E. 





ALY 



34 



AMA 



Alym-Guerai, 34tli khan of Crimea ; 1755 u.D. 

Al3mgton, Robert, English divine ; 1400 

Alynson, Edward, English divine ; d. 1541 q. 

Alj^ton, Robert, English author ; 1525 

Alyon, Pierre-Philippe, French botanist and chemist ; 
1758*— 1816 F.u. 

Al3rpius, philosopher of Alexandria ; 4th cent. U.D.c. 

Alypius of Antiocll, architect, engineer, and poet ; 
363 U.R.c. 

Alypius, Greek -writer and musician; 4th cent.* d.r. 

Alypius, archbishop of Coesarea D. 

Alypius, bishop of Tajasta, in Africa, 394 ; d. 430 E.c. 

Alyson, Rice, English divine ; 1649 

Al Zaher, caliph of Bagdad ; 1225 

Alzate y Ramirez, Jose Antonio, Mexican astronomer 
and geograi^her ; d. 1795* D. R. 

Amable, St, minister and patron saint of liiom, in 
Auvergne ; cZ. 464 U.D. 

Amac (j5oi7tfin), Persian poet ; 11th cent. u.D. 

Amade, Ladislas, Baron d', Hungarian poet ; 1703— 
1764 D. 

Amadei, Carlo - Antonio, Italian physician and 
botanist ; d. 1720 D. 

Amadei, or Amadeo, Giovanni- Antonio, Italian sculp- 
tor ; d. 1474* T.D. 

Amadeo, Stefano, Italian painter; 1589—1644 T.D. 

Amadesi, Domenico, Italian poet ; 1657—1730 D.i. 

Amadesi, Guiseppe-Luiggi, Italian scholar and poet ; 
1701—1773 i.u. 

Amadeus, count of Savoy ; d. 1148 

Amadeus I., count of Savoy ; d. 1078 U.D 

Amadeus II. ; d. 1080* u.D.' 

Amadeus III. ; d. 1148 u. d. 

Amadeus IV. ; 1179—1253 u.d. 

Amadeus v.; 1249—1323 u.d. 

Amadeus VI. ; 1334—1383 u.d. 

Amadeus VII. ; 1360—1391 u.d. 

Amadeus VIII., first duke of Savoy ; 1383—1451 u.d. 

Amadeus IX., duke of Savoy ; 1435—1472 u.d. 

Amador Rebello, Portuguese Jesuit and writer; 
1539-1622 D.u. 

Amador de los Rios, Don Josj^, Span, author ; h. 1818 

Amadroz, Jacob, Swiss colonel in the service of 
France ; 1719—1812 U.D. 

Amaduzzi, Gianchristorforo, Italian philologist, anti- 
quary, and author ; 1740 — 1792 U.D. 

Amalaric, king of the Visigoths, 522-31 ; h. 502, d. 

531 E.D. 

Amalaireus Fortunatus, archbishop of Treves (810), 
andambassadorof Charlemagne, 813; d. 814 U.R.c. 

Amalairus Synphorius, bishop of Lyons and Treves ; 
825 R.D.c. 

Amalasantc, queen of the Ostrogoths in Italy, 526 ; 
d. 535 D.R. 

Amalberga, niece of Theodoric, and consort of Thoris- 
muud, king of Africa ; d. 527 D. 

Amalek, grandson of Esau U.D. 

Amalfi, Constanza d', Avalos, Duchess d', Italian 
poetess ; d. 1560 u. 

Amalgaid, archbishop of Armagh, 1021 : d. 1049 or 
50 c. 

Amalger, Swiss monk of St Gall, archt. ; 10th cent. d. 

Amalie, duchess of Saxe-Weimar, patroness of litera- 
ture ; 1739— 1807 R.U.D. 

Amalie, Anna, princess of Prussia, sister of Frederic 
the Great, music composer ; 1723—1787 U.R.G.D. 

Amalie, Catharina, German poetess; 1640—1696 D. 

Amalie, Elizabeth, landgravine of Hesse - Cassel ; 
1602—1651 D. 

AmaMc, or Amauri, Amoldus, abp. of Narbonne,1212, 
crusader against the Albigenses ; d. 1225 u.D. 

Amalric, Augeri, French Augustine monk and histo- 
rian ; 14th cent. U.d.c. 

Amalteo, Girolomo, Italian painter; 16th cent. b.t. 

Amalteo, Marco-Antonio, Ital. poet ; 1475—1558 i.D. 

Aamlteo, Pomponio, Italian historical painter ; 1505 — 
1588 B.D.T. 



Amalthei, Attilius, Italian archbishop of Athens ; 

1550—1636 D. 

Amalthei, Cornelio, Italian poet and physician ; 

1530—1603 U.D.c. 

Amalthei, Francesco, Italian Latin poet u.C. 

Amaltbei, Giam-Battista, Ital. poet ; 1.525—1573 D.R.C. 
Amalthei, Girolamo, Italian xjhilosopher, physician, 

and poet ; 1506— 1574 i.d. 

Amalthei, Marco- Antonio, Ital. litt. ; 1475—1558 D. 
Amalthei, Ottavio, Italian philosopher and phj-sician ; 

1543—1636 I.D. 

Amalthei, Paolo, Italian Minorite fiiar and Latin 

poet; 1460-1517 u.i. 

Amama, Danish landscape painter ; 17th cent. N.U. 
Amama, Sixtinus, German Protestant, theologian 

and hebraist ; 1593— 1629 u.C. 

Amand, St, bishop of Bordeaux ; 402 u.D. 

Amand, St, bishop of Maestricht, apostle of the 

Netherlands ; 593— 679 or 84 u.D. 

Amand, Jean-Francois, French painter and engraver ; 

1730-1770 N.D. 

Amand, Pierre, French surgeon ; d. 1720 u.D. 

Amandus, Aenoeus-Salvius, Roman gen. ; 285""' u.R. 
Amanieu des Escas, Aragonese troubadour ; 13th 

cent. R. u. 

Amanthon, Claude-Nicolas, French political writer ; 

1760-1835 F.D. 

Amantius, consul of Rome ; 345 h. 

Amar, Jean-Pierre Andre, French representative ; 

1750—1816 F.u. 

Amar-Durivler, Jean-Augustin, Frencli litterateur; 

1765-1837 F.D. 

Amara-Singha, Hindu poet, grammarian, and coun- 
sellor U.D.c. 
Amaral, Andres do, Portuguese chancellor of the 

order of St John of Jerusalem ; d. 1522 d. r. 

Amaral, Antonio Castano do, Portuguese writer and 

antiquary ; 1753—1820 U. 

Amarl, Emerico, Italian publicist ; 6. 1810 F. 

Amarl, Michele, Ital. hist, and politician ; b. 1806 D.F. 
Amariah, Jewish high-priest; B.C. 840 h. 

Amariton, Jean, French jurist; d. 1590 D. 

Amaroo, poet of Hindustan ; 1st cent. e. 

Amasa, Jewish general ; d. B.C. 1019 h.d. 

Amaseo, Gregorio, Italian litterateur ; d. 1541 i.d. 
Amaseo, Pompilio, Italian litterateur ; d. 1584 D. 
Amaseo, Romolo, Italian litterateur and dij)lomatist ; 

1489-1552 U.R.c. 

Amasis, king of Egypt ; d. B.C. 525 u.R.x. 

Amasis, Persian general ; 5th cent. B.C. h.d.x. 

Amastinl, Italian engraver ; 1750* u.d. 

Amastris, or Amestris, consort of Xerxes, king of 

Persia; 5th cent. B.C. h.d.x. 

Amastris, daughter of Oxatlu-es, consort of Lysi- 

machus, king of Thrace ; d. B.C. 288'' x.R. 

Amat, Felix, Spanish eccles. historian ; 1750 — 1824 D. 
Amat, Paul Leopold, French musician and singer ; h. 

1819 F. 

Amata, Guiseppe, Italian missionary to India ; 1769 — 

1832 u. 

Amati, Andrea, violin -maker of Cremona; 1565 — 

1620* K.D. 

Amati, Basilio, Italian author ; 1780—1830 R. 

Amati, Girolamo, Italian antiquary ; 1768—1834 d.r. 
Amati, Nathan, Jewish phys. and translator ; 1278 D. 
Amati, Pasquale, Italian antiquary ; 1716 — 1796 R. 
Amatius, Caius {Pscudomarius), Roman impostor ; 

B.C. 42 D.x. 

Amato, or Amatus, Italian monk, bishop, and Latin 

poet ; 11th cent. D. 

Amato, Elia d', Italian Carmelite and writer ; 1666— 

1747 i.r>. 

Amato, Francesco, Italian x>ainter and engraver B. 
Amato, Giovamii Antonio, Neapolitan painter ; 1475*— 

1555* T.B.D. 

Amato, Giovanni Antonio (^'ie Younger), Italian 

painter; 1535-1598 t.b.d. 



AMA 



35 



AME 



Amato, Guiseppe d', Italian missionary ; 1757 — 
1832 r>. 

Amato, Jesu-Maria, Ital. antiquary; 1666—1726 r.D. 

Amato, Joam Rodriguez [Amatus Lusitanus), Portu- 
guese Jewisli professor of physic, scholar, and 
writer; 1511—1568 D.U.R. 

Amato, JMichele d', Italian theologian and author ; 
1682-1729 t.u. 

Amato, Scipioue, Italian linguist and jurist ; 1610 I.D. 

Amato, Viuceuzio, Italian abbot and music com- 
poser; 1629—1670 I.D. U.K. 

Amato, Vinceuzio, Italian historian ; 1670 D.u. 

Amatore, Guiseppe, Italian painter T>. 

Amatore, Paolo, Italian ]3ainter d. 

Amatrice, dell Cola Filotesio, Italian painter and 

architect ; 1530''' B.D.T. 

, Amatus, or Amato, Cintio d', Italian surgeon, barbei', 

and autlior ; 17th cent. D. 

Amatus, Juan Carlos, Spanish physician and author ; 
17th cent. D. 

Amatus, Leonardo, Sicilian physician and author ; d. 
1674 D. 

Amatus. See Amato. 

Amaury I., or Almeric, khig of Jerusalem (1165); 
1135 or 38—1173 u.B. 

Amaury II., king of Jerusalem, 1194-1205 ; d. 1205 u. 

Amaury, Amahic or Aimeric, patriarch of Jerusalem, 
1159 ; d. 1180 D. 

Amaury de Cliartres, French pliilosopher and theolo- 
gian ; 1204 R.U. 

Amaury-Duval, Eugene Emmanuel, French painter ; 
b. 1808 F. 

Amaya, Spanish painter ; 1682 B. D. 

Amaya, Francisco, Spanish jurist ; 17th cent. D. 

Amaziah, king of Judah ; b. c. 837 n. 

Amberes, Fran9ois d', Flemit^h painter and sculptor ; 
1502—1510 B.D. 

Amberes, Miguel de, Spanisli painter ; 1640 B. 

Amberger, Cliristoph, German painter and engraver ; 
1490*— 1550 or 63 u.B.c. 

Amberieu, Pierre Dujat d', lord of Amberieu, in 
Bugey, poet ; 1738—1821 r.u. 

Amberieux, Pierre - Dugat d', French litterateur ; 
1738-1824 F.u. 

Amberly, John Russell, Viscount, son of Earl Russell, 
English politician ; b. 1842 

Ambert, Joacliini ]Marie Jean Jacques Alexandre 
Jules, Frencli militaiy writer ; b. 1804 F. 

Ambibulus, L. Caius, consul of Rome ; 126 H. 

Ambigatus, king of Gaul; B.C. 700 n.x. 

Ambiorix, prince and leader of the Eburoues ; B.C. 
54 u.x. 

Amblsa Ben Johim, Arabian viceroy of Spain, 724-26 ; 
d. 726 R. 

Ambiveri, Francesco, Italian litt. ; 1592—1027 I.D. 

Ambivius, Lucius-Turpio, Roman actor D. 

Ambler, Charles, English lawyer ; d. 1794 

Ambleville, Charles d', French ecclesiastical musi- 
cian ; 1630 D. 

Amblimont, Fuschemberg, Count of, French admiral 
in the Spanisli service ; d. 1796 U.D. 

Ambly, Claude- Jean -Antoiue, Marquis d', French 
field-marshal; 1711—1797 D.u.R. 

Ambodik, Nestor- Maxiniovitch, Russian physician, 
botanist, and author ; 1740-1812 D.e. 

Amboise, Adrien, bishop of Treguier ; d. 1616 d. 

Amboise, Aimeric, prior of France D. 

Amboise, Aimery, graud master of the order of St 
John of Jerusalem ; 1434—1512 U.K. 

Amboise, Frances d', wife of Peter II., duke of Brit- 
any ; d. 1485 

Amboise, Francois, French litterateur and councillor 
of state ; 1550— 1620 D.u.c. 

Amboise, George d', French cardinal and minister of 
Louis XL, arclibishop of Rouen ; 1460—1510 d.r.c. 

Amboise, Hugues d', seigneur d'Aubijoux D. 

Amboise, Jacques, bishop of Clermont D. 



Amboise, Jacques, French m.d., rector of the univei- 
sity of Paris, 1594 ; d. 1606 U.D.C. 

Amboise, Jean d', bishop of Langres D. 

Amboise, Jean, seigneur de Bussy, governor of Nor- 
mandy D. 

Amboise, Jean, French surgeon ; 16th cent. D. 

Amboise, Louis, bishop of Albi d. 

Amboise, Michael d', French poet and translator ; d. 

1547 U.D.C. 
Amboise, Pierre, bishop of Poictiers D. 
Amboise, Pierre d', lord of Chaumont D. 
Ambra, Francesco d', Ital. dram, author; d. 1558 U.D. 
Ambrogi, Antonio-Maria, Italian antiquary, poet, and 

author ; 1713— 1788 u.R.C. 

Ambrogi, Domenico (3fenichino dclBrizio), Bolognese 
painter; 1678 t.b.d. 

AmbrogiO, Greek monk and painter ; 16th cent. T. 

Ambrogio, Giovanni, Ital. painter and sculp.; 1370 D. 

AmbrogiO, or Anibrosio, Teseo, Italian orientalist ; 
1469— 1539 or 40 u.R.C. 

Ambrosch, Joseph-Carl, German musician and musi- 
cal author ; 1759— 1822 D.K. 

Ambroscb, Joseph Julius Athanasius, German archae- 
ologist ; b. 1821 F. 

Ambrose {the Camaldolese), Italian theologian and hel- 
lenist ; 1378-1439 U.R.c. 

Ambrose {Kamcnsku), abp. of Moscow; 1708—1771 d. 

Ambrose, Miss, English actress ; 1790 

Ambrose, Ausbert, Benedictine, abbot of St Vincent- 
Volturno, ecclesiastical writer ; d. 778 U.D. 

Ambrose, Daniel, English loyal divine ; 1644 

Ambrose, Isaac, Eng. minister and author ; d. 1664 R. C. 

Ambrose, John, English captain ; d. 1771 

Ambrose, Sir Thomas, sheriff of London ; 1718 d. 

Ambrose, William, English poet ; 1636 

Ambrose de Gomtoez, French Capuchin and writer; 
1708—1778 D.R.C. 

Ambrose, Ambrosius, one of the fathers of tlic Latin 
Church, bishop of Milan ; 340—397 R.D, 

Ambrosinl, Bnrtholomeo, Italian physician and bot- 
anist ; d. 1657 U. R. c. 

Ambrosini, Hiacintho, Italian bot. ; 1605-1672 d.r.c. 

Ambrosius, Greek monk and painter D. 

Ambrosius Axirelianus, British king ; d. 508 U.D. 

Ambrosius, Autpertus, French Benedictine monk and 
Latin biographer ; d. 778 R.u, 

Ambrozy, "VVenzel - Bernhard, Bohemian painter ; 
1723-1806 N.D. 

Ambuehl, Johann-Ludwig, German poet ; 1750— 
1800 N.D. 

Ambustus, C. Fabius, Roman consul; B.C. 358 H.X. 

Ambustus, Q. Fabius, Roman consul ; B.C. 412 H.X. 

Ambustus, Q. Fabius, Roman military ti-ibune ; B.C. 
390 H.X. 

Ambustus, M. Fabius, Roman consul, B.C. 360, 356, 
and 354 H. x. 

Amcotes, Henry, sheriff of Loudon, 1542 ; lord mayor, 

1548 d. 

Ameil, Auguste, Baron, French gen. ; 1775 — 1822 u.F. 

Ameillion, Hubert-Pascal, French antiquary and aca- 
demician; 1730—1811 • u.F. 

Ameinias, Athenian archon ; b. c. 423 H. 

Ameinocles, Greek shipbuilder ; B.C. 700 h.d.x. 

Ameipsias, Greek comic writer ; B.C. 414 H.X.R. 

Amelesagoras, or Melesagoras, early Greek hist. d.x. 

Amelgard, Flemish priest and legist ; 1470 U.D. 

Amelia. See Amalie. 

Amelia, Marie-Frederica Augusta, iirincess of Saxony, 
dramatic authoress ; 1794 f.d. 

Amelia, Marie Fredcrique, queen of Greece ; h. 1818 F. 

Amelia, Princess, daughter of George IIL ; 1783—1810 

Amelier de Taulouss, Fr. troubadour ; 12th cent. r.u. 

Amelia, or Hamelin, Fr. officer and litt. ; 1557 R.u. 

Amelln, or Hamelin, Jean d', French officer and 
translator ; 1560 u.D. 

Ameline, Claude, French Oratorian monk and theo- 
logian; h. 1624 or 35—1706 R.d.c. 



AME 



36 



AMM 



Amelius, Etrurian philosopher ; 3d cent. U.K. 

Amelius, Martin, German jiu-ist ; 1526—1590 D. 

Amelot, minister of the household to Louis XVI. ; 

18th cent. E.u. 

Amelot, Sebastien-Michel, bishop of Vannes ; 1741 — 

1829 D.E. 

Amelot de la Houssaye, Nicolas, French historian and 

litterateur ; 1634— 1706 U.n.C. 

Amelotte, Denis, French monk and author ; 1606 — 

1678 R.u.c. 

Amelsfoort, Quirinus van, Flemish painter ; 1760 — 

1820 B. 

AmelungM, Geronirao,Ital. burlesque poet; 1547* R.u. 
Amendola, Ferrante, Italian historian ; 1664—1724 D. 
AmenopMs I., king of Egypt ; B.C. 1821 h.u.d. 

AmenopMs II. ; b.c. 1686 H.u. 

AmenopMs III. ; B.C. 1618 H.u. 

AmenopMs IV. ; b.c. 1322 h.u. 

AmenopMs V. ; b.c. 1062-53 H.u. 

Amenta, Nicola, Italian comic author and scholar ; 

1659-1719 i.u.c. 

Amentes, Greek sui-geon, mentioned by Galen ; d. B.C. 

264 (?) E.x. 

Amentis, Greek surgeon ; 1st cent. D. 

Amerbacli, Boniface, Swiss jurist and author ; 1495 — 

1562 D.U. 

Amerbacli, Elias-Nicolaus, German mus. ; 1571 K.D. 
Amerbach, Johann, German printer ; d. 1515 D.C. 
Amerbach, Vitus or Veit, German j)rofessor of philo- 
sophy ; 1487—1557 k.d.C. 
Amer Biackliam-Allali, Aboul-Mansour-Amer-Kamil- 

lah, caliph of Egypt ; 1095—1130 D.U. 

Amergin (Mac-Amalgcdd), Irish writer ; 070* D. 

Amergin, chief of the Scytho-Mylesiau colony in 

Hibernia ; B.C. 1100 D.U. 

Americus-Vespucius [Ainerigo-Vespucci), Italian navi- 
gator; 1441—1516 U.I. 
Ameire, Eobert, English dramatist ; d. 1610 
AmerigM, or Morigi Michelangelo da Caravaggio, 

Italian painter ; 1569—1609 I.C.u.r.t.d.b. 

Amerling, Friedrich, German painter ; h. 1803 d.p. 
Amerot, or Amerottus, Adrien, French grammarian 

and author ; d. 1560 D. 

Amersberry, Martyn, sheriff of London ; 1294 d. 

Amersfoordt, Jacob, Dutch philologist and writer ; 

1786—1824 D. 

Amersfoort, Evert van, Dutch painter ; 1605 D. 

Amersham, John, monk of St Alban's ; 1450 
Amerval, or Amerlan, Eloi d', French litterateur ; 

14th cent. D.E. 

Ames, Edward, English divine ; d. 1682 
Ames, Edward, American Metliodist bp. ; h. 1806 e. 
Ames, Fisher, American orator and political writer ; 

1759—1808 A.e.a.R. 

Ames, John, English antiquary and topographer ; 

1689-1759 C.R. 

Ames, Joseph, English naval captain ; 1619 — 1695 d.c. 
Ames, Nathaniel, American astronomer and physi- 
cian ; 1708— 1765 D.A. 
Ames, Nathaniel, American author ; d. 1835 a. 
Ames, N. P., American manufacturer of fire-arms: 

1803—1847 A. 

Ames, Eichard, English author ; 1693 
Ames, Wniiam, English Puritan divine and author ; 

1576—1633 R.W.C. 

Ames, William, English divine ; d. 16S9 
Amet, Josephine Junot d'Albrantes, French authoress ; 

6. 1802 F. 

Amfrevllle, French naval oflBcer ; 1692 u.d. 

Amherst, Jeffrey, Lord, Eng. gen. ; 1717—1797 R.A.c. 
Amherst, William Pitt, 2nd Lord, 1st Earl of, English 

diplomatist, governor-gen. of India ; 1773 — 1857 D. 
Amhurst, Nicholas, English ijolitical writer and poet ; 

1706*— 1742 w.R.c. 

Amici, Francesco, Italian engraver b. 

Amici, Giambattista, Italian ox'tician, physicist, and 

astronomer ; 1784 — 1863 F.D. 



Amici, Tommaso, Italian sculptor ; 15th cent. D.U. 

Amico, Antonio d', Italian antiquary and historio- 
grapher; d. 1641 u.i.c. 

Amico, Bartholomeo, Italian Jesuit, philosoj)her and 
theological writer ; 1562 — 1649 D.u.i.c. 

Amico, Bernardino, Italian prior of the order of Fran- 
ciscans ; 1596 U.I. CD. 

Amico, or Amicus, Diomede, Italian physician and 
author; 1600 U.i.D. 

Amico, Faustino, Italian poet ; 1534—1558 u.i.d. 

Amico, Felippo, Italian litterateur ; b. 1654 U.I.D. 

Amico, Luigi, Count CasteUafero, Italian diplomatist ; 
1757-1832 u.R.D. 

Amico, Eaymondo, Italian Dominican and musician ; 
1600 K.D. 

Amico, Stefano d', Italian Carmelite, poet ; 1562 — 
1662 D.u.i. 

Amico, Vito-Maria, Italian nobleman, prior of Monte 
Casino, and historiogiapher-royal ; 1697* — 1762 c.u. 

Amiconi. See Amigoni. 

Aimcus, Bouaventure d', French Capuchin and 
painter ; 16th cent. D. 

Amidano, Pomponio, Italian painter ; 1595 B.D.R.T. 

Amiel, Louis Felix, French painter ; h. 1802 F. 

Amlels, Gaubert, French knight and troubadour R. 

Amigazzi, Giambattista, Veronese painter T.B. 

Amigoni, Jacopa, Venetian painter; 1675 — 1752 

C.B.U.T. 

Amigoni, Ottavio, Italian painter ; 1605—1661 b.u.t. 

Amik de Bokhaba, Persian poet ; 12th cent. d. 

Aminaddin de Nazalabad, Persian poet ; 1420* d. 

Amintinus, P. Volumnius, consulof Rome; B.C. 461 ii. 

Amiot, Joseph, French Jesuit missionary to China 
and author ; 1718—1794 u. 

Amir-Mansour, Ottoman caliph ; 1096 — 1130 u. 

Amir, caliph of Smyrna ; d. 1345 D.U. 

Amiral Cais, Arabian poet e.u. 

Amirdovalt, Armenian physician ; 1465* D. 

Amkerbaldus, abbot of Dunfermline ; d. 1198 

Amleth, or Hamleth, prince of Jutland ; b.c. 200 D. 

Amling, Carl-Gustav d', German painter and en- 
graver; 1651 — 1702 b.u.r. 

AmlungM, Girolamo, Italian poet ; 16th cent. D. 

Amm83US, Dominic, German j^rofessor of law and 
writer ; 1579—1637 E, 

Amman, Georg-Christoph, German phys. ; 1650 D.C. 

Amman, Josse or Jodocus, designer and painter of 
Zui-ich ; 1539— 1591 B.U.C. 

Amman, Johann, German engraver ; 1640 r.b. 

Amman, Johann, Swiss physician and botanist ; 1707 — 
1740 u.E. 

Amman, Johann Conrad, Swiss physician and author ; 
1669—1724 u.D.c. 

Amman, Johann-Jacob, German surgeon and travel- 
ler ; 1586-1658 d. 

Amman, Paul, German physician, botanist, and 
author ; 1634—1691 U.R.O. 

Ammanati, Bartolommeo, architect and sculptor of 
Florence; 1511—1589 U.E.C. 

Ammanati, Giovanni, Italian sculptor ; 1340 d. 

Ammanti, Laura Battiferri, Ital. poetess ; 1513 — 1589 

Ammenemes, king of Egypt ; b. c. 1215 H. 

Ammenephthes, king of Egypt ; B.C. 1255 H. 

Ammianus, Greek poet ; 100 d, 

Ammianus-Marcellinus, Greek Latin historian ; 320— 

390 H.X.U.R.C. 

Ammirato, Scipio, Italian historian and publicist ; 

1531—1601 I.U.C. 

Ammon, Andrew, or Andreas d' Arena, English poet ; 

d. 1517 
Ammon, Anton-Blasius, German mus.; d. 1590* K.d. 
Ammon, C'lemenz, German engraver; b. 1050* d.b. 
Ammon, Friedrich, Willielm Phili]3 von, German 

Protestant theologian ; b. 1791 P. 

Ammon, Friedrich August von, German physician and 

writer; b. 1799 F.D. 

Ammon, Johaim, German engraver ; 1700* b. 



AMM 



37 



ANA 



Ammon, Karl "VVilhelm, German trainer of horses 
and veterinary-writer ; 6.1777 e.D.F. 

Ammon, brotlier of Moab, father of the Ammonites ; 
19th cent. B.C. u.p. 

Ammonas, or Amoun, founder of a monastic order in 
Egypt ; d. 320 D. 

Ammonio, Andrea, Latin poet, secretary to Henry 
VIII.; 1477-1517 i.u. 

Ammonius (LUhotonms), Gk. surg.; B.C. 2S3 — 247 D.x. 

Ammonius, Olympic victor; b.c. 256 H. 

Ammonius, Christian philosopher at Alexandria ; 
3d cent. D. 

Ammonius, Greek grammarian, pontif of an Egyptian 
temple; 389 x.D. 

Ammonius, Greek poet ; 438 h.d. 

Ammonius {Ammonius Hermice), Gk. philos. ; 480 d.c. 

Ammonius Lamprensis, Greek writer, preceptor of 
Plutarch ; 3d cent. H.X.D.E. 

Ammonius-Saccas, Greek philosopher and Platonist 
of Alexandria ; 160*— 243 H.X.U.K.C 

Amner, Richard, English dissenting preacher and 
biblical critic ; 1736—1803 C.R. 

Amnon, rabbi of Mentz ; 1240* D. 

Amo, Anthony-George, Dutch negro astronomer and 
writer; 1703—1755* U.D. 

Amolon, archbishop of Lyons, 840 ; d. 852 U.E. 

Amometus, Greek writer D.x. 

Amon, king of Judtea, B.C. 640 ; b. 662, d. 638 H.u. 

Amontons, Guillaume, French philosopher, engineer, 
and academician ; 1663 — 1705 U.D. 

Araorettl, Carlo, Italian abbot, geographer, and natu- 
ralist ; 1740-1816 U.D. 

Amoretti, Maria-Pelegrina, Italian authoress and 
doctor of jurisprudence ; d. 1787 u.D. 

Amoreux, Pierre-Joseph, French physician, naturalist, 
and writer ; d. 1824 U.D. 

Amoros, Frangois, French colonel, promoter of gym- 
nastics ; 1769—1843 u.D. 

Amorosi, Antonio, painter of the Roman school ; d. 
1740 U.B.T. 

Amort, Caspar, Bavarian painter ; 1612 — 1675 D. 

Amort, Eusebius, German Augustine theologian and 
writer; 1692—1775 _ D.u.c. 

Amory, Thomas, English humorist and writer ; 1691 — 
1788 _ _ D.E.c. 

Amory, Thomas, English dissenting theologian and 
biographer; 1701—1774 C.R.D. 

Amos, one of the minor prophets ; d. B.C. 785 H.D. 

Amos, bishop of Jerusalem ; 594 H. 

Amos, Andrew, professor of Laws ; d. 1860 

Amos, William, Scottish agriculturalist ; d. 1824 c. D. 

Amoudru, Anatole, Fr. architect, advocate in Par- 
liament, and first mayor of Dole ; 1739 — 1812 U.K. 

Amour, Guillaume de Saint, French doctor of the 
Sorbonne, canon of Beauvais ; d. 1272 U.K. 

Amour, Louis Gorin de Saint, Fr. doctor of the Sor- 
bonne, rector of the university, Paris; 1619-1687 U.E. 

Amoureux, Abraham-Cesar d', Fr. sculptor ; 1082 D. 

Ampach auf Gruenfelden, Johann-Georg von, Ger- 
man M. D. and professor ; 1784 — 1832 D. 

Ampadan, bishop of Glendalloch ; 8th cent. c. 

Ampelius, Lucius, Roman writer ; 3d cent. d. 

Ampere, Andre-Marie, French physician, chemist, 
and scientific writer ; 1775—1836 u.D. 

Ampere, Jean-Jacques- Antoine, French author; 1800— 
1864 D.M. 

Amphitoalus, Biitish martyr; d. 286 E.c. 

Amphicrates, Athenian sophist and rhetorician ; 1st 
cent. B.C. D.x. 

AmpMcrates, Greek hist., quoted by Athenseus d. 

AmpMctyon, king of Attica {mythical) h.d.x. 

AmpMgyesis, king of Sicyon ; B.C. 1107 (?) H. 

Amphilochius, St, biatLop of Iconium ; d. 394 U.E C. 

AmpMon, Greek sculptor ; B.C. 420 D.X. 

AmpMs, Athenian comic poet ; B.C. 320 E.x.d. 

Amphistratus, Greek sculptor ; B.C. 320 d.x. 

Amphlest, WilUam, English poet ; 1808 



Amphulsus, Peter, English physician ; 1106 
Ampius, Titus-Flavianus, Roman general ; 70 D. 

Ampsinck, Paul, English topographer ; 1810 
Ampslng', Johann Asuerus, Dutch physician and 

author ; 1559— 1G42 D.R. 

Ampzing, Samuel, Dutch poet ; 1619 D. 

Amr-Aldjahedi-Al-Basri, Arabian scholar; d. 868* D. 
Amr, Ben-Bahr (Aldjahedk), Arabian geographer and 

naturalist ; 9th cent. d. 

Amr-Ben-El-As, governor of Egypt, 639 ; c^. 663 U.R. 
Amr-Ben-Kelthoum-Etaglebi, Arabian poet; 6th 

cent. D. 

Amr-Ben-Lais, prince of Khorasan ; 879—902 u.R. 
Amr-Ibn-Abdelrahman, Ibn- Ahmed -ibn-Ali, Ara- 
bian physician and geometrician ; d. 1066 D. 
Amr-Ibn-Othman, Ibn-Eaubar-Abou-Bishr, Arabian 

grammarian ; d. 810 d. 

Amry-Al-Cais, Arabian poet 

Amsberg, August Philip Christian Theodor von, Ger- 
man administrator ; h. 1789 f. 
Amsdorf, Niklas, German Lutheran theologian and 

author ; 1483— 1565 u.C. 

Amsler, Samuel, Swiss engraver ; 1794—1849 b.d. 
Amstel, Cornelius Ploos van, Dutch engraver; h. . 

1732 B.R. 

Amstel, Jan van, landscape painter b. 

Amtbor, Caspar, German phys. and aiithor ; 1594 D. 
Amthor, Chris1;oph-Henry, Danish jurist; 1678 — 

1721 u.C. 

Amthor, Ulrich- Joachim, German physician; 17th 

cent. D. 

Amucaid, bishop of Kildare ; 981 c. 

Amulio, or Da Mula, M<arc- Antonio, Italian cardinal ; 

1505—1570 i.D. 

Amulius, Roman painter ; 60* d. 

Amullus, king of Alba ; d. B.C. 754 U.D.X. 

Amurath I., or Murad, sultan of the Ottomans, 

1360-89; 6. 1319, d. 1389 u.D. 

Amurath 11., 1422-51 ; b. 1404, d. 1451 u.D. 

Amurath III., 1575-95 ; h. 1544, d. 1.595 u.D. 

Amurath IV., 1623-40 ; b. 1610*, d. 1640 u.D. 

Amussat, Jean-Zulema, Fr. surg. ; 1796—1856 D.F, 
Amy, S., English writer ; 1681 
Amy, American slave who lived 140 vears ; 1686 — 

1826 a. 

Amy, N., French advocate; d. 1760 U.D.C 

Amyan, Claudius, English surgeon ; d. 1740 D. 

Amyand, Claude, English physician ; d. 1774 
Amyat, Thomas, English antiquary ; d. 1850 g. 

Amycleus, Greek sculptor; B.C. 500 D. 

Amye, Sir John, English civilian ; 1621 
Amyn-Ahmet, Persian savant ; 16th cent. U.C. 

Amyn, Mohammed, caliph of the Abassides (808) ; 

785*— 813 U.D. 

Amynander, king of the Athemanes ; 3d cent. D. 
AmjTitas, king of Assyria ; B. c. 1450 H. 

Amyntas I., king of Macedon ; B.C. 540—500 U.D.X. 
Amyntas II., king of Macedon ; B.C. 393—369 U.D.X. 
Amyntas, grandson of Augustus II. X.U.D. 

Amyntas, king of Galatia ; d. B.C. 30* D.x. 

Amyntas, Greek historical writer ; B.C. 330 (?) D.x. 
Amyntas, Macedonian general ; B.C. 331 U.D.X. 

Amyntianus, Greek historian ; 2nd cent. U^D. 

Amyon, Jean-Claude, French representative ; 1735 — 

1803 F.D. 

Amyot, Jacques, French hellenist, bishop of Auxerre, 

and writer ; 1513—1593 B.D.C. 

Amyot, Jacques, French editor ; b. 1805 F. 

Amyraut, Christopher, Puritan divine ; 1648 
Amyraut, Moise, French theologian and Protestant 

controversialist ; 1596 — 1664 U. E. C. 

Amyrtous, king of Egypt; B.C. 500 D.x. 

Amyratza, George, favourite of David, emperor of 

Trebizond ; 1161 . ^^ 

Amytis, consort of Cyrus, king of Persia U.p.x. 

Anacaona, Haitian authoress, consort of the cacique 

Caonabo; 1492 n. 



ANA 



38 



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Auaciiarsis, Scythian traveller and philosopher; d. 

B.C. 548 u.D.x. 

Anacletus, bishop of Eome, 78-91 ; </. 91 H.u. 

Anacletus, Peter Leon, antipope, 1130 ; d. 1138 TJ.e. 
Anacoana, queeu of Xiragua, in the island of St 

Domingo 
Anaereon, Greek lyric poet ; B.C. 563*— 478-' x.r. 
Anafeste, Paolluccio, iirst doge of Venice, 697 : d. 

717 u.D. 

Anagnosta, John, Greek historian ; 15th cent. K. d. 
Auaktoarbetli-Hira, or SMmishbal-BithMra, king of 

Nineveh; B.C. 1180 (Lai/ard) 
Anaku Merodak Sliimish Bar, king of Nineveh, or 

Assyria; B.C. 960 (Layard) 
Anan, or Ananus Ben David, Jewish rabbi, restorer of 

the Karaite sect ; 750* o.D. 

Anania, Giovanni de, Italian jurist ; d. 1458 i.D. 

Anania, Giovanni-Lorenzo, Italian archaeologist ; d. 

1582 i.T). 

Anania SMracunensis, Armenian mathematician ; 

7th cent. D. 

Ananias, high-priest of the Jews ; 49 d. 

Ananias, painter and messenger to Abgar, king of 

Edessa ; 1st cent. d. 

Ananias, Jewish jiliilosophical author ii. 

Ananus, Ben Sho])het, Jewish rabbi ; 265* O.D. 

Anasco, Juan de, Spanish traveller ; 1543 D. 

Anastasi, Auguste, French landscape painter and 

lithograjiher ; 6. 1819 r. 

Anastasi, Giovanni, Italian painter ; 1654—1704 D. 
Anastasia, Christian martyr at Rome ; 303* 
Anastasia, the name of several female martyrs in the 

Eomish Cliurch R.U. 

Anastasius I. (Silentiarius), emperor of the East (491- 

518); 430— 518 u.D. 

Anastasius II., emp. of the East, 713-715 ; d. 719 u.D 
Anastasius I., St, bp. of Eome, 398-401 ; d. 401 U.D, 
Anastasius II., St, bp. of Eome, 496-98 ; d. 498 U.D. 
Anastasius III., Pope, 911-13; d. 913 u.d.r. 

Anastasius IV. (Cowrad), 1153-54; <^. 1154 u.d.r. 
Anastasius, antipope ; 855 u. r. 

Anastasius, patriarch of Constantmople, 730 ; d. 753 
Anastasius I., bishop of Antioch ; d. 599 U. 

Anastasius II., bishop of Antioch ; d. 610 H. 

Anastasius, bishop of Jerusalem ; 458—478 H. 

Anastasius, Fl., consul of Rome ; 517 
Anastasius, monk of Mount Sinai, theologian and 

ecclesiastical writer ; 678 u.R.c. 

Anastasius {the Librarian), ecclesiastical writer and 

librarian at the Vatican ; 880 R.U.C. 

Anastasius, Astric, Benedictine bishop of Coloza, 

and apostle of Hungary ; 954 — 1044 u.D. 

Anastasius of Palestine, ecclesiastical writer ; 11th 

cent. D. 

Anastasius, Bohemian Capuchin monk, writer, and 

engraver ; 1669 D. 

Anastasius, Olivier de Saint (de Crock), Flemish Car- 
melite and writer; d. 1674 D.R. 
Anastasius {Cassinensia), monk of Mount Casino ; 

8th cent. D. 

Anatolius, St, bishop of Laodicea, 269, and mathe- 
matician U.D.C. 
Anatolius, Greek Platonic philosopher; 3d cent. d.c. 
Anatolius, consul of Rome ; 440 n. 
Anatolius, ])atriarch of Constantinople ; 450 d. 
Anatolius, Greek jurist; 530 D. 
Anatolius Vindanius (Azutrion), Greek writer; d. 

360 D. 

Anaxagoras, Greek philosopher ; B.C. 500—428 U.R.x. 
Anaxagoras, Greek sculptor ; B.C. 480 U.D.x. 

Anaxander, king of Sparta ; 7th cent. B.C. H.x. 

Anaxander, Greek painter d. 

Anaxandrides, king of Sparta, B.C. 550-515; d. 

515 H.u.x. 

Anaxandrides, Greek comic and satiric poet ; B.C. 

350* u.D.x. 

Anaxarclius of AlJdera, Creek philos. ; b.c. 330 r.x. 



Anaxidamus, king of Laced.'emon ; d. B.C. 668* H.X. 

Anaxilaus, Pythagorean philos. and physician Ti.R. 

Anaxilaus I., tyrant of Ehegium ; d. B.C. 625 X.U.R. 

Anaxilaus II., tyrant of Ehegium ; d. B.C. 476 x.U.R. 

Anaxilaus, o?-Anaxilas,Gk. comic poet ; b.c. 340 ii.x. 

Anaximander of Miletus, Greek piiilosopher, first de- 
signer of maps ; B.C. 610—547 u.D.x. 

Anaximenes, Greek historian ; B.C. 334 H.u.c. 

Anaximenes of Miletus, Greek philosopher ; d. b.c. 
500 u.D.x. 

Anaxippus, Greek comic poet ; b,c. 308 d.r.x. 

Anaya-Maldonado, Diego, arclibishoj) of Seville and 
Tarsis; 1360*— 1440* u.D. 

Anburey, Thomas, English traveller ; 1789 

Ancantherus, Claude, German physician and historio- 
grapher ; 16th cent. u.D. 

Ancarano, Gaspardo, Italian pi-iest and poet ; 16th 
cent. u.D. 

Ancarano, Pietro, Italian canonist ; 1330—1410 D.R. 

Ancarano, Pietro-Giovanni, Italian jurist and poet ; 
1650 U.D. 

Ancel, Daniel Edouard Jule.?, Fr. politician ; h. 1812 

Ancelet, Gabriel Auguste, French architect ; 6. 1829 F. 

Ancelon, E. A., French physician and writer ; 1828 F. 

Ancelot, Jacques-Arsene-Frau^ois-Polycarpe, French 
dramatic author ; &. 1794 D. 

Ancelot, Marguerite- Virgiuie Chardon, French author- 
ess ; b. 1792 M.D. 

Ancharano, Pietro d', Italian jurist ; d. 1410 or 
1417 U.D.C 

Aucher, Pehr Kofod, Danish jurist and statesman ; 
1710-1788 D.u.c. 

Anchersen, or Angarius, Mathias, Danish philolo- 
gist ; 1682—1741 D. 

Ancherus, Cardinal ; d. 1286 

AncMeta, Joze de {Apostle of the Neiv World), Por- 
tuguese Jesuit missionary to Brazil ; 1533 — 1597 R.U. 

AncMeta, ]\Iiguel, Spanish sculptor ; 16th cent. D. 

AnchUus, N., Flemish painter; 1688-1733 D.B. 

Ancliires, Daniel, French poet ; b. 1586 D. 

AncMses, Athenian archon ; B.C. 488 H.D. 

Anchoran, John, English philologist ; 1637 

Ancillon, Charles, French historian and critic ; 1659 — 
1715 U.D.C. 

Ancillon, David, French theologian and jurist ; 1617 — 
1692 D.C. 

Ancillon, Frederic, Frencli philosopher, historian, 
and statesman ; 1766 — 1837 R.U. 

Ancillon, Joseph, French jurist ; 1626 — 1719 d.r. 

Ancillon, Louis Friederich, German author ; 1744 — 
1814 R. 

Ancina, Giovanni {Giuvcnal), Italian prelate, poet, 
and mathematician ; 1545—1604 d.u. 

Anckarsvaerd, Karl-Heinrich, Count, Swedish states- 
man ; b. 1782 D.i\ 

Anckartstroem, John-Jacobi, Swedish nobleman, 
assassin of Gustavus III. (1792); 1751—1793 U.R. 

Ancker, Hans, Dutch engraver ; 15th cent. d. 

Anckwicz, Nicolas, Count, Polish statesman ; 1750 — 
1794 B.D. 

Ancona, Andrea Lilio d', Nella Marca, Italian painter; 
1555—1610 B.R, 

Ancona, Ciriaco d', Italian antiquary ; l>. 1391 I.D. 

Ancora, Gaetano d', Italian antiquaiy and writer ; 
1757—1816 s.D. 

Ancre, Concini Concinio, Italian, marshal of France ; 
d. 1617 E.U. 

Ancus-Martius, fourth k. of Eome ; d. B.C. 614* r.u.x. 

Andala, Euard, Dutch philosopher and theologian ; 
1665—1727 D. 

Andeca, Suevic king of Spain, 583-84 or 7 E.D. 

Andeiro, J uan-Ferdnando, grandee of Portugal, favour- 
ite of Leonara Tellez ; d. 1383 U. R. 

Andelarre, Jules de Jaquot, Marquis of, Frencli 
politician and magistrate ; b. 1803 

Andelarre, Louis I'acot, Marquis d', French oflBcer 
and deputy ; b. 1795 F. 



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Anderedus, monk of Corvey, Saxony, painter and 
musician ; d. 958 D. 

Anderlini, Domenico, Ital. landscape painter ; 1720* B. 
Anderlini, Liicio-Francesco, Italian physician and 
author ; 18th cent. D. 

Anderloni, Faustjno, Italian engraver ; 1790 B. 

Anderloni, Pietro, Italian engraver ;■ 1784—1849 B.D. 
Anders, Gottfried Engelbert, French litt. ; 6. 1795 F. 
Andersen, Georg, German traveller ; d. 1675* G.u.c. 
Andersen, Hans -Christian, Danish poet and novelist ; 
h. 1805 D.M. 

Andersen, Laurent or Lars, ' Swedish savant, chan- 
cellor of Gustavus Vasa ; 1480—1552 U.K. 
Andersen, Peter, Danish painter; 18th cent. n.d. 
Anderson, Adam, Scottish commercial historian ; 
1692—1765 K.U.C. 
Anderson, Adam, English writer ; d. 1846 
Anderson, Jilneas, English writer on China ; d. 1795 
Anderson, Alexander, Catholic divine ; 1560 
Anderson, Alex., Scottish mathem. ; 6. 1582* E.D.C. 
Anderson, Alexander, English naturalist ; d. 1813 D. 
Anderson, Alex., Scotch military engineer ; 1810—1855 
Anderson, Alex. John, British officer in India; d. 1857 
Anderson, Anthony, English divine ; d. 1592 
Anderson, Arthur, English promoter of steam-naviga- 
tion companies ; b. 1792 M. 
Anderson, Charles John, Swedish explorer of Africa ; 
d. 1858 e. 
A.nderson, David, Scotch poet ; 1821 
Anderson, David, English sculptor ; 1847 
Anderson, David, bishop of Eupert's Land, 1849 ; 
h. 1814 M d.l. 
Anderson, Sir Edmund, English lord chief -justice ; 
1540*— 1G05 /.w.D.c. 
Anderson, George, Eng. Eastern traveller ; 1600*— 1675 
Anderson, George, Scotch divine ; 175G 
Anderson, George, Eng. geometrician; 1760—1796 u.c. 
Anderson, Sir George WUliam, governor of Ceylon ; 

1791—1857 
Anderson, Henry, sheriff of London ; 1600 d. 

Anderson, Henry, English poet ; 1637 
Anderson, Henry, English divine ; 1685 
Anderson, Henry, American mathematician and 
astronomer ; h. 1798 F. 

Anderson, Henry Andrew, founder of Elgin Anderson 

Institute ; d. 1824 
Anderson, Isaac, Ameiican divine ; 1780—18.57 e. 
Anderson, James, English divine ; d. 1595 
Anderson, James. Scottish historian, antiquary, and 
numismatist; 1662—1728 K.D.c. 

Anderson, James, Scottish divine in America ; h. 1678 a. 
Anderson, James, Scottish agriculturalist and writer ; 
1739—1808 c.R. 

Anderson, James, American phys. ; 1751*— 1820 a. 
Anderson, James, Scottish geneal. ; 18th cent. R.D. 
Anderson, James, English physician and philosophi- 
cal writer ; d. 1809* D. 
Anderson, James, Scotch divine ; 1804—1863 
Anderson, James Stuart Murray, canon of Bristol 
Cathedral ; b. 1798* M. 
Anderson, Johann, German jurist, geogiapher, and 
natural historian ; 1674—1743 D.U.c. 
Anderson, Sir John, English loyalist ; d. 1653 D. 
Anderson, John, Scottish Presbytei-ian minister 
and writer; 1671—1720 D. 
Anderson, John, English physician and author ; 
1726—1796 D.u. 
Anderson, John, English phys. and author; d. 1804 D. 
Anderson, John, British colonel in India ; b. 1809 
Anderson, John, English dipl. and traveller ; d. 1846 
Anderson, John, Scotch divine ; 1796 — 1864 
Anderson, J. "\V. , Englisli writer on elocution ; 1797 
Anderson, J. W., sheriff of London, 1701 ; lord 
mayor, 1797 d. 
Anderson, John "Wallace, American physician; 1802— 
1829 A. 
Anderson, Josephine, English vocalist ; d. 1848 



Anderson, Patrick, Scotch Jesuit ; d. 1624 
Anderson, Patrick, Scottish physician and author ; 

17tli cent. CD. 

Anderson, Paul, English general ; d. 1851 
Anderson, Philip, Englisli divine ; d. 1857 
Anderson, Richard C, American divine; d. 1826 A.c. 
Anderson, Robert, English sUk-weaver, geometrician, 

and writer ; 17tli cent. D. 

Anderson, Robert American general ; h. 1806 
Anderson, Robert, English biographical writer; 1750— 

1830 D. 

Anderson, Robert, English poet ; 1770—1833 D. 

Anderson, Robert, Eng. surgeon and natur. ; d. 1856 
Anderson, Rufus, American divine ; 1765—1814 A. 
Anderson, Thomas, English surgeon and medical 

writer ; 18th cent. w.D. 

Anderson, Walter, Scottish divine and writer ; 1720— 

1800 D.c. 

Anderson, William, English naturalist ; 1675 w.D. 
Anderson, William, English printer ; ex. 1693 
Anderson, William, Scotch preacher ; b. 1799 M. 

Anderson, William, Englisli agriculturalist ; 1816 
Anderson, William, Baptist minister ; d. 1833 
Anderson, William, English marine painter; 1757 — 

1837 E. 

Anderson, William, English lieutenant ; d. 1848 
Anderson, William D., English civil engineer; d. 1842 
Anderton, Henry, English historical and portrait 

painter; d. 1665* B.D. 

Anderton, James, English Catholic controv.; 1604 E.u. 
Andica, king of the Suevi, in Spain ; 583 
Andien of Clermont, French flower painter ; d. 1783 u. 
Andier des Roches, Jean, French engraver ; 1741 D. 
Andigne de la Chasse, Francois, Marquis d", Frencli 

deputy ; b. 1791 !'• 

Andjou, Eddyn-Hacan Djemal, Indian savant and 

lexicographer ; 16th cent. U.D. 

Andlau, Peter d', German jurist and historian, rector 

of the university. Bale ; d. 1500* R.U. 

Andlaw, Heinrich Bernhard von, German politician ; 

b. 1802 F. 

Andocides, Greek general and orator; b. B.C. 467* — 

391 u.K.x. 

Andoque, Pierre, French historian and counsellor ; d. 

1664 u.R.c. 

Audouille, Edmond, French administrator; b. 1S04 
Andover, John, English divine ; 1422 
Andrada, Alfonso, Sjianish Jesuit, biogi-apher, and 

theologian; 1590-1672 e.u.r. 

Andrada, Antonio, Portuguese .Jesuit, missionary to 

India and Tartary ; 1580- 1634 E. u. R.C. 

Andrada, Diego, Portuguese poet and critic ; 1576 — 

1660 E.U.R. 

Andrada, Diego Payva de, Portuguese theologian ; 

1528—1575 E.u. D.c. 

Andrada, Diogo de Paya, Portuguese antiquary and 

poet, 1616 ED. 

Andrada, or Andrade, Fernao Perez de, Spanish 

architect ; 14th cent. E. D. 

Andrada, Fernao Perez de, Portuguese mariner; 1505 D. 
Andrada, Francisco, Portuguese poet ; 1600 D.C. 

Andrada, Jacinto Freire de, Portuguese theologian 

and historian ; 1597 — 1G57 y-D. 

Andrada, Mignel, Leitam de, Portuguese historian; 

h. 1555 JO- 

Andrada, Paolo Gonzalez de, Portuguese poet ; 17th 

cent. ^' 

Andrada, Pedro Fernandez de. Span, writ ; 1600 D. 
Andrada e Sylva, Bonifacio Joze de, Brazilian states- 
man and naturalist ; 1765 — 1S38 oio^' 
Andrse, Ch. Christ. Geo., Danish politician ; b. 1812 F. 
Andragathus, gen. of cavalry to jVIaximius ; d. 388 u. 
Andral, Gabriel, Fr. phys. and author ; b. 1797 D.M. 
Andrasy, Julius, Count of, Hungarian statsm. ; h. 1825 
Andrasy, Mano, Hungarian revolutionist ; 1848 D. 
Andre (S//lvius), French chronicler ; 12th cent. D.U. 
AnOre (P'elit-Fcre- Andre), Fr. preacher; 1582-1657 U. 



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AND 



Andre, French ecclesiasticnl writer ; 18th cent. U.D. 
Andre, Antoiue, Joseph Maurice, Baron d', French 

general and senator ; b. 17S9 F. 

Andre, Charles, French hairdresser and dramatic 

author; 1722— 1736 u.D. 

Andre, Christian Carl, German political writer; 1763 — 

1831 D. 

Andre, Elie or Helie, French philologist ; 1550 D. 
Andre, Emile, German arboriculturist ; b. 1790 F.D. 
Andre, Francois, French physician and writ. ; 1700 D. 
Andre, Jean, French Dominican and painter ; 16(52- 

1753 B.U.N. 

Andre, Jean Fran9ois, Fr. priest and litt. ; 6. 1810 F. 
Andre, Jean Fran9ois Gustav, Fr. politician ; b. 1805 
Andre, Johann, German theologian and Luthei-an con- 
troversialist ; 1528— l.o90 u.D. 
Andre, Johann, German music composer; 1741 — 

1799 u.u. 

Andre, Johann Anton, German music composer ; 

1775—1845 D.u. 

Andre, Johann Valentin, German theologian and poet ; 

1.586—16.54 _ u.R. 

Andre, John, adjutant-general of the British army in 

America, 1749 ; ex. 1780 B. a. 

Andre, Jules, French painter; b. 1804 F.B. 

Andre, Jules, French representative ; b. 1809 F. 

Andre, Louis Jules, French architect ; b. 1819 F. 

Andre, Lucuas, of Cyrene, Jewish fanatic; 2nd cent. u. T>. 
Andre, Marius, French representative ; b. 1808 F. 

Andre, Michel, Fx-ench abbot and author, b. 1810 
Andre, Nicolas, French surgeon ; 1704—1780 D. 

Andre, Rudolph, German agriculturalist and economist ; 

1792-1825 D. 

Andre, or Andreae, ThierriErnest, painter of Cour- 

land ; 18th cent. D. 

Andre, Tobias, German physician and doctor of philo- 
sophy; 1633—1685 D.u. 
Andre, Valere, Belgian scholar and bibliographer ; 

1588-1656 U.D. 

Andre, Yves-Marie, French Jesuit, philosopher and 

theologian ; 1675—1764 D.u. 

Andre, D'Arlielles, Fr. polit. writ. ; 1770—1825 R.U. 
Andre de Longjumreau, French Dominican mission- 

ai-y; 1238 r.d. 

Andre de Saint-Nicolas, French Cai-melite antiquary ; 

1650-1713 R.U. 

Andrea, canon of Bergamo, Ital. chronicler ; 870* I.U. 
Andrea, Italian monk and writer ; d. 1106 D. 

Andrea of Pisa, Italian architect, sculptor, and en- 
gineer ; 1270—1345 u, 
Andrea, Alessandro d', Italian historian; b. 1.519 D.u. 
Andrea, Alessandro di, Italian engraver; d. 1771 B.D. 
Andrea, Francesco de, Italian jurist and writer ; 

1625-1098 D.I. 

Andrea, Geronimo, Italian statesman ; b. 1802 
Andrea, Giovanni d', canonist of Bologna ; d. 1348 U. 
Andrea, Giovanni-Antonio, bisliop of Aleria, Corsica ; 

15th cent. u. 

Andrea, Jacinto, Spanish physician ; 17th cent. d. 
Andrea, Nicolo di, Italian painter and engraver; 

15.56-1604 D. 

Andrea, Onuphrio d', Neapolitan ]wet ; d. 1647 U.i. 
Andrea, Zoan or Giovanni, Ital. engraver ; 16th cent. D. 
Andrea della Croce, Italian surgeon ; d. 1580 d. 

Andrea del Sarto {Vaaauccid), Florentine painter; 

1488—1.530 R.B. 

Andrea, St {AreUino), Italian Theatine and ecclesias- 
tical advocate ; 1521 — 1608 D.U. 
Andrea-Squazella, Ital. painter, pupil of A-del Sarto 
Andreae, Abr. , abp. of Upsul, controvertist : d. 1607 D. 
Andrese, or Andresson, Gudnnmd, philosophical writer 

of Icelnul ; 1030-1654 D. 

Andrese, Johann, German historian ; 17th cent. d.u. 
Andreas, Johann-Gerhart-Reinhart, German chemist 

and scholar; 1724—1793 d.g.c. 

Andreae, Jolm, keeper of the archives to the counts of 

Nassau ; 17th cent. R.U. 



Andreae, Tobias, German philosopher and writer , 
1604—1076 D.U. 

Andreada, Fernando de, Portuguese admiral ; 1518 R. 

Andreani, Andrea, Italian i^ainter and engraver; 
1540-1623 B.U.C, 

Andreas, Greek physician of Carystus, in Eubaja ; 
4th or 5th cent. R.X. 

Andreas, archbishop of Csesarea ; 5th cent. d. 

Andreas, Andreas (CretensLs), abp. of Crete; 800* d. 

Andreas, abp. of Lund, Sweden, 1201; (/. 1228 D. 

Andreas, archbishoi) of Grain, ecclesiastical WTiter ; 
d. 1484 D.G. 

Andreas von Staffelstein, German Benedictine; d. 
1502 D. 

Andreas, Bernard, English poet-laureate ; 1522 

Andreas, Johann, of Ratisbon, German chi-onicler ; 
1410 D.C. 

Andreas, Juan, Spanish writer ; 1500 D. 

Andreasi, Ippolito, Italian painter; 1600 b.d.T. 

Andreevsky, Etienue-Semeno vitch, Russian physician ; 
d. 1818 D. 

Andreevsky, Iwan-Samoylo vitch, Russian physician ; 
d. 1809 D. 

Andrehan, Arnoul Sired', marshal of Fr. ; fZ.1370 U.R. 

Andrei, AntoLne - Francois, French representative ; 
1740—1800 D.F. 

Andreinl, Francesco, Italian comedian and dramatic 
author; d. 1616 U.D.c. 

Andreini, Giovanni-Battista, Italian poet and dramatic 
writer; 1578—1650* I.U.C. 

Andreini, Isabella, Italian actress and poetess ; 1562 — 
1604 I.D.C. 

Andreini, Pietro- Andrea, Italian antiquary and author ; 
1650—1720 D.I. 

Andreissen, Anton, of Amsterdam, painter; 1746 — 
1813 d.n.b. 

Andreissen, Hendrick {Mankenhein), Flemish painter ; 
1000—1655 u.B. 

Andreissen, Jurriaan, Dutch decorative artist ; 1742 — 
1819 

Andrelini, Publio-Fausto, Italian modern Latin poet ; 
1440—1518 U.K.C. 

Andreola, Filippo, Neapolitan painter ; d. 1724 d.i. 

Andreoli, Giorgio da {Gubbio), Ital. sculptor ; 1498 n.d. 

Andreopulus, Michael, Greek grammarian and writer; 
15th cent. D. 

Andreossi, Antoine-FranQois, French general, repre- 
sentative, and scientific writer ; 1761 — 1828 u.R. 

Andreossi, FrauQois, French mathematician and en- 
gineer ; 1633—1688 U.R. 

Andreossi, Gaetano, Italian music composer ; 1763— 
1628 D.u. 

Andres, Antonio, Span. Franciscp.n author; 1300 E.D. 

Andres, Bonaventur-Johann, German Jesuit and lit- 
terateur ; 1744—1822 D.U. 

Andres, Carlos, Sjianish writer ; 1753 — 1820 D. 

Andres, Juan, Spanish Jesuit, savant and author ; 
1740—1817 s.u.R. 

Andres de Gusseme, Tomas, Spanish numismatist and 
writer ; ISth cent. D. 

Andres de San-Nicolas, Spanish Augustine monk and 
writer ; 17th cent. U. E. D. 

Andres de Ustarroz, Juan-Francisco, Spanish histo- 
rian ; 1606—1647 D.E. 

Andreucci, Filippo, Siennese civil officer and writer ; 
1733-1807 E. 

Andrew, St, one of the twelve apostles ; 1st cent. u. d. 

Andrew, bishop of Caithness, 1150; d. 1184 L 

Andrew, bishop of Dromore ; 1245 c. 

Andrew, bishop of Argyle ; 1304 k. 

Andrew, liishop of Galloway ; 1308 k. 

Andrew, bishop of Orkney ; 1478 /.: 

Andrew, Lord Evandalo, lord chan. of Scotland : 1470* 

Andrew of v/intown, canon of St Andrews ; 1420 

Andrew, abbot of Wigmore ; 1174 

Andrew de Moravia,' bp. of Morav, 1222* ; d. 1242 k. 

Andrew I., king of Hungary, 1040-01 ; d. 1061 U.R. • 



AND 



41 



AND 



Andrew II. {Hicrosoli/mitan), king of Hungary (1204- 

35); 1175*— 1235 u.d. 

Andrew III. (the Venetian), king of Hungary, 1290- 

1301 ; d. 1301 u.D. 

Andrew (Alexandroivitch), grand -duke of Eussia, 

prince of Gorodetz ; tZ. 1304 k. u. 

Andrew of Hungary (Andreasso), king of Naples; 

1326-1345 _ u. 

Andrew (Bo[joUoubskij), grand-duke of Eussia ; 1110 — 

1174 u.D. 

Andrew, James, slieriii of London, 13G2 ; lord mayor, 

1367 d. 

Andrew, James, Scottish mathematician, author of a 

Hebrew grammar and dictionary ; 1773 — 1833 r/.R.n. 
Andrew {TaroslawUch), grand-duke of Russia, prince 

of Wladiniir; d. 1264 U.D. 

Andrew, Jolin A., gov. of Massachusetts; d. 1867 M. 
Andrew, Rlcliard, English diplomatist, dean of York ; 

d. 1477 
Andrew, Samuel, American divine ; 16.56—1738 _ A. 
Andrew, Tobias, professor of history and Greek litera- 
ture at Griiningen ; 1604—1676 R. 
Andrew, "William, bishop of Achonry 1374, Meath 

1380 ; d. 1385 c. 

Andrewes, Gerrard, English divine; 1750 — 1825 R. 
Andrewes, Gerard, Thomas, English devotional writer; 

d. 1851 
Andrewes, Launcelot, Inshop of Chichester 1605, Ely 

1609, Winchester 1619 ; b. 1555, d. 1626 R.W.C.d.L 
Andrews, Annie M., American philant. ; 1855 c. 

Andrews, Bartimeus, English divine ; d. 1619 
Andrews, Ebenezer T., Anier. printer; 1767 — 18-51 A.e. 
Andrews, Etlian Allen, Amer. autlior ; 1787 — 1858 a. 
Andrews, or Andrewe, Eusebius, English loyal colonel ; 

1645 w.R. 

Andrews, Francis, provost of Trinity College, Dub- 
lin ; d. 1774 
Andrews, George, bishop of Ferns and Leighlin, 1635 ; 

d. 1648 ''• 

Andrews, Henry, sheriff of London; 1632 d. 

Andrews, Henry, English botanist ; 1797 CD. 

Andrews, Henry, English astronomer and editor of 

" Moore's Almanack ;" d. 1820 
Andrews, James, principal of Addiscombe Coll. ; d.l8 
Andrews, James-Petit, Eng. hist. ; 1737—1797 R.D.C. 
Andrews, Jedediah, English/ divine ; 1747 
Andrews, John, English divine ; 1645 
Andrews, John, English hydrographer; 1786 
Andrews, John, American scholar and divine ; 1746— 

1813 _ ^-e- 
Andrews, John, American divine ; 1761 — 1845 a. 
Andrews, John, English publicist ; 1776—1809 CD. 
Andrews, Lawrence, English translator and printer; 

1520 D. 

Andrews, Lawrence, English writer ; 16th cent. d. 
Andrews, Loring, American editor ; d. 1805 a. 

Andrews, Mordecai, English Independent minister; 

d. 1750 
Andrews, Peter, English journalist ; 1790 
Andrews, Peter-Miles, English dramatic author ; d. 

1814 ff 13. 
Andrews, E., English translator ; 1766 

Andrews, Eichard, archdeacon of Bucks ^ d. 1477 
Andrews, Eichard, English physician ; 1636 
Andrews, Eobert, American mathematician ; d. 1804 A. 
Andrews, Eoger, Eng. translator of tlie Bible ; d. 1635 
Andrews, Scephen Pearl, American author ; b, 1812 a. 
Andrews, Thomas, English lawyer ; d. 1585 q. 

Andrews, Thomas, sheriff of London, 1G42 ; lord 
mayor, 16-50 d. 

Andrews, Thomas, English divine ; 1731 ^ 
Andrews, William, English translator ; 1744 
Andrezel, Barthelemy-Philibert Picon d', French 
priest; 1757-1825 U.D.F. 

Aadria, Count of, imperial general ; d. 1190 
Andria, Nicola, Italian physician, chemist, physiolo- 
gist, and author ; 1748—1814 R.u. 



Andria, Tuzio di, Italian painter ; 1487 T. 

Andrian-WerlDurg, Victor, Baron von, Austrian pub- 
licist ; b. 1813 D. 

Andrien, Marie Martin Antoine, French adjutant- 
general ; 1768— 1802 R.U. 

Andries, Joseph Olivier, BelLjian ecclesiastic ; b. 1796 F. 

Andriessens. See Andreissen. 

Andrieu, Bei-trand, Fr. engraver; 1761—1822 N.U.R. 

Andrieu, Matthieu Maurice, French politician ; b. 1813 

Andrieux, Emile, French phys. and wi-iter ; b. 1797 F. 

Andrie'ax, Francois-George- Jean -Stanislas, French dra- 
maticauthoi-, poet, and academician; 1759 — 1833 U.D. 

Andrieux, Marie-Martin-Antoine, French general ; 
1768—1802 F.D. 

Andrioli, Girolamo, Italian painter ; 1606 B.D. 

Andriolli, ]\Iichel-Angelo, Italian lohysician and au- 
thor ; 1700 Q.D, 

Andriot, or Handeriot, Francois, French engraver ; 
6. 1655 B D.R, 

Andriscus {Pseudo-Philippus), Greek adventurer ; 

d. B.C. 148 U.R.X. 

Andriveau-Goujon, Gabriel Gustavo, French geogra- 
pher and liookseller ; b. 1808 P. 
Androbius, Greek painter, mentioned by Pliny D. 
Androbulus, Greek scul;)tor, mentioned by Pliny D. 
Androcles, king of the Messenians ; d. B.C. 740 D.D. 
Androcles, Atlienian demagogue; B.C. 412 D.X. 
Androcles, Eoman slave ; 1st cent. D. 
Androcles, Athenian prince and general ; 1050 D. 
Androclides, Greek rhetorician R. 
Androclides of Thebes, Greek democratic leader ; 4th 

cent. B.C. R.X. 

Androcydes, Greek physician ; B.C. 336— 323 d.r.x. 
Androcydes of Cyzicu^, Greek painter, contemporary 

of Zeuxis ; B.C. 400" U.D. 

Andromache, consort of Hector; 12th cent. B.C. D.x. 
Andromachus, founder and governor of Tauromenium, 

Sicily ; B.C. 400 D.x. 

Andromachus of Crete, physician to Nero, and poet ; 

65 R.U. CD. 

Andromeda, princess of Ethiopia, rescued by Perseus 

{mythical) D.X. 

Andron, Greek historian of Halicarnassus E. 

Andron, Greek biograplier of Ephesus R. 

Andron, Greek musician and geometrician, master of 

Marcus Antoninus R. 

Andron, Greek phys. , mentioned by Galen and Celsus R. 
Andron of Teos, Greek navigator R. 

Andron, Greek physician, mentioned by Pliny D. 

Andron, musician of Catana E. 

Andron, Greek sculptor ; 2nd cent. D. 

Andronicus, Macedonian architect U. 

AndronicuR of Olynthu^, general of Alexander the 

Great ; B.C. 330 D. 

Andronicus, Livius, comic Latin poet ; B.C. 240 u.R.x. 
Andronicus, Bythinian ambas. to Home ; B.C. 156 D. 
Andronicus, Cyrrhestes, Macedonian architect ; B.C. 

100 D.x. 

Andronicu", Marcus Porapilius, Greek Epicurean 

philosopher and grammarian ; B C. 60 D. 

Andronicus of Rhodes, peripatetic philosopher at 

Eome ; B.C. 58" E.x. 

Andronicus, consul of Eome ; 310 H. 

Andronicus, Greek poet ; b. 300 p. 

Andronicus I. [Coninenus), emperor of the East (1183); 

1110—1185 u.R. 

Andronicus II. {Pahcoloffnus thcEhlcr), emperor of the 

Fast (1282-1.328) ; b. 1258, d. 1332 U.R. 

Andronicus III. (PaUeologuu^ the Younger), emperor 

of the East (1328-41) ; b. 1295, d. 1341 U.R. 

Andronicus IV. (Palceoloffuus), emperor of the East; 

1355—1373 u. 

Andronicus I., Ghidos, emperor of Trebizond, 1222- 

35 ; d. 1235 D. 

Andronicus II., emp. of Trebizond, 1263-66 ; d. 1266 D. 
Andronicus III., emp. of Trebizond, 1330; d. 1332 D. 
Andronicu?, Angeles, Greek general ; 1080—1118 D. 



AND 



42 



ANG 



Androaicus-Camateros, Greek writer, prefect of 

Constantinople ; 1156 D. 

Andronicus-Callistus, John, Greek moralist and 

^n■iter; d. 1478 U.D. 

Andros, Edmund, English statesman, governor of 

North America ; 1637— 1714 K.A.e. 

Andros, Eichard, English translator ; 1569 
Andros, Thomas, American divine ; 1759 — 1845 A. 
Androsi, Francesco, Italian sculptor; d. 1780 n.d. 
Androstlienes, Greek sculptor ; u.c. 420 d. 

Androsthenes of Thasos, Greek admiral of Alexander 

the Great ; B.C. 340 D. 

Androtion, Greek agricultural writer ; B.C. 360 D. 
Androtion, Greek orator ; B.C. ofiO* x.D. 

Androuet du Cerceau, Jacques, French architect and 

author ; 1590 U.D.C. 

Andrus, Joseph R., American colonisation agent ; d. 

1821 A. 

Andruzzi, Luigi, Italian theologian and writer ; 6. 1683 

or 9 l.D. 

Andry, Charles-Louis-Fran^ois, French physician ; 

1741—1829 U.D. 

Andry, Nicolas (Bois-Rcgard), dean of the Faculty of 

Medicine, Paris, and med. writer; 1C58— 1742 u.R.C. 
Anduze-Faris, French representative ; b. 1799 f. 

Aneau, Bartholomee, French Latin poet and rhetori- 
cian ; d. 1565 U.D.C. 
Aneda, Juan d', Spanish painter ; 1565 b.d. 
Auel, Dominic, French surgeon and medical writer ; 

1679-173'!* K.U. 

Anelier, Guillaume, French troubadour ; 1200* D.R. 
Anelli, Angelo, Italian poet ; 1761—1820 u.D.s. 

Anemas, four brothers, Greek conspirators ; 1105 d. 
Anerio, Felice, Italian musician and composer ; 1560 — 

1630 K.D.U. 

Anerio, Giovanni - Francesco, Italian musician and 

composer; h. 1567 k.d. 

Anesi, Pao]o, Italian landscape painter ; 1720* b.d.t. 
Anethan, Jules Joseph, Baron d', Belgian politician 

and magistrate ; b. 1803 F. 

Aneurln, Gallic poet ; d. 570 d. 

Anfossi, Pascale, Italian music composer ; 1736 — 

1795 K.u.D.c. 

Anfosso, Giacomo, Italian engi-aver ; 16th cent. D. 
Angar, Charles, French representative ; b. 1789 F. 
Angarano.Ottaviano, ct., Venetian painter; 1650 B.t.d. 
Angariup. See Auchersen. 
Angas, William Henry, English divine ; d. 1832 
Ange, Franc-L', di Annecy, Italian painter ; 1675— 

1756 B.D.T. 

Ange, Francis, Pennsylvanian planter, who lived 134 
years; 1633—1767 A. 

Ange de St Rosalie, French Carmelite and genealogi- 
cal writer; 1655 — 1726 u.E.c. 

Ange de St Joseph (Labrosse), French Carmelite mis- 
sionary ; 1636—1697 d.r.c. 

Angel, John, Catliolic divine ; 1555 

Angel, John, English Nonconformist divine and 
scholar ; d. 1655 e.g. 

Angeltoerga, m- Ingelberga, empress of the "West, 
wife of Louis II., king of Italy 

Angelbert, French poet ; 9th cent. D. 

Angela Merici {the Mother), Italian nuu, foundress of 
the Ursulir.es ; 1511—1.540 p.U.k. 

Angeli, Bonaveutura, Italian jurist and historian ; d. 
1576 I. U.D.C. 

Angeli, Francesco-Maria, Italian friar and writer; 
17th cent. l.D. 

Angeli, Giovanni, Italian painter ; 1763 U.K. 

Angeli, Giulio Cesare, Ital. painter; 1570—16.30 b.t. 

Angeli, Guiseppe, Venetian painter ; 1715—1793 B.T. 

Angeli, Nicolo, Italian engraver ; 1635 B. 

Angeli, Stefano, Italian Jesuit and geometrician; 
1660 U. 

Angeli. See Angelo and Angelis. 

Angelico, Giovanni, Italian ]>aiuter ; 1387—1455 B.T.O. 

Augelico, Michel Angelo, Italian ])oet ; d. 1697 D.I. 



Angelico, Michel- Angelo, Italian chemist and author; 

1700 T>. 

Angelieri, Bonaventure, Italian Franciscan writer ; 

1700 I. U.D. 

Angelini, Scipione, Ital. painter; 1661 — 1729 n.t.b.d. 
Angelio, or Degli Angeli, Antonio, bishop of Messa, 

Italian poet ; d. 1579 i.u.D. 

Angelio, or Degli Angeli, Pietro, Italian Latin poet , 

1517—1596 E.i.D.C. 

Angelis, or Degli Angeli, Alessandro, Italian astrono- 
mer ; 1562—1620 l.D. 
Angelis or Degli Angeli, Francesco-Antonio, Italian 

Jesuit missionary ; 1567 — 1623 l.D. 

Angelis, or Degli Angeli, Paolo, Italian antiquary 

and author ; (/. 1647 D. 

Angelis, Balthasar d', Italian jurist : 17th cent. l.D. 
Angelis, Domenico d', Italian scholar and aiithor ; 

1675-1718 . I.U.D. 

Angelis, Domenico de, Italian fresco jiainter ; 19th 

cent. D.I. 

Angelis, Filippo del {Filippo di Liagno), Italian land- 
scape painter ; 1600—1640 U.B.T. 
Angelis, Geronimo d', Italian Jesuit missionary to 

Japan; 1567—1623 I.U. 

Angelis, Giaribattista, Italian artist R. 

Angelis, Pedro, Argentine publicist ; b. 1798 F.D. 

Angelis, Peter, Flemish landscape jiaiuter ; 1685 — 

1734 D.B.C. 

Angelis, Secondo, Italian engi-aver ; 1700 B. 

Angeli, John, English stenographer ; 1760 
Angeli, Joseph K. , Amcr. law writer ; 1794 — 1857 n. 
Angelo, Italian jurist ; 15th cent. D. 

Angelo, Fioriozzola, Florentine poet ; d. 1548 
Angelo, Giacomo d', Ital. hellenist ; 14th cent. u.D.l. 
Angelo, Henry, English writer on fencing ; d. 1852 
Angelo, Lorentino d', Italian fresco painter ; 16th 

cent. D.T. 

Angelo, Michael (Amerigi da Caravaggio), Italian 

painter; 1569-1609 'd.c.e.U.b.i. 

Angelo, Michael [Colonna), Italian painter; 1600^ 

1687 T.D.U.B. 

Angelo, Michael {di Camx)idogllo), Italian painter ; 
1610—1670 T.D.B.u. 

Angelo, Michael {Buonaroti), Italian painter, archi- 
tect, and scul^jtor ; 1474—1564 D.T.R.U.B. 

Angelo, Michael Lerquozzi {dl Battaglia), Italian 
painter ; 1600— 1060 B.u.N.T.D. 

Angelo, Pedi'o, Spanish engi-aver D. 

Angelo, Policiano, Italian scholar and author ; h. 1454 

Angelo, Sanudo, duke of Naxos ; 1220 

Angelo da Picitone, Italian musician ; 1550* D. 

Angelocrator, or Engelliardt, Daniel, German theo- 
logian ; 1569—1635 U.D. 

Angelome, Benedictine of LuxeuU, theological writer; 
d. 854 U.D. 

Angeloni, Francesco, Italian apostolic prothonotary, 
virtuoso, and author ; d. 1652 K.I.U.C. 

Angeloni, Luigi, Italian publicist ; 1758—1842 CD. 

Angelucci, Angelo, Italian violin maker ; d. 1765, D. 

Angelucci, Liborio, Italian physician and political 
leader ; 1746—1811 U.D. 

Angelucci, Teodoro, Italian poet, translator, and phy- 
sician ; (/. 1600 i.u.D.c. 

Angelus,o;-Engel, German historian: 1561—1598 K.o.r/. 

Angelas, Cliristoph, Gk. scholar in Eng. ; d. 1638 D.R.c. 

Angelus, Johann, German physician and astronomer ; 
d. 1512 D. 

Angelus, Paul, engraver ; 1749 B. 

Angelus, Peter, engraver ; 1611 E. 

Angelus Silesius {Scheffler), Johann, German poet ; 
1624—1677 D. 

Angely, 1', French jester to Louis XIII.; d. 1640* U.D. 

Angely, Ludwig, Germ, poet; 1770 or 80*— 1835 D.U. 

Angennes, Charles d', cardinal de IlambouiUet, and 
French diplomatist; d. 1517 D.P.U. 

Angennes, Charles d', lord of Fargis, French ambassa- 
dor to Spain ; 1620 D.P.U. 



ANG 



43 



ANI 



Angennes, Charles, marquis of Maintenon; 17tli 
cent. D.P-". 

Angennes, Charles d', count of Eochepot, French 
diplomatist; d. 1C40 D.P.u. 

Angennes, Charles, count of Angenncs, French mili- 
tary officer ; d. 1709 D.P. U. 

Angenne?, Charles-Francois, marquis de Maintenon, 
French administrator ; 1G80 D.P.U. 

Angennes, Chuide d', bishop of Mans, diplomatist, and 
author ; 1.534— l(i01 d.p.U. 

Angenne'', Francois d', lord of Rambouillet, Frencli 
ambassador to Switzerland ; 17th cent. p.p.U. 

Angennes, Jacques d', French general and diploma- 
tist ; d. 1562 D.P.u. 

Angennes, Jacques d', Fr. ambassador ; 1G34 d.p.U. 

Angennes, Jean d' {Sapin), French chamberlain to 



the kin? ; 1410 



D.P. 



Angennes, Jeand', cquery to Charles VII. of Fr. D.P. 

Angennes, Jean d', lonl of Poigny and Boisoreau, 
French diplomatist ; 17th cent. D.P. 

Angennes, Louis, marquis of Maintenon, diplomatist ; 
17th cent. D.P. 

Angennes, Nicolas d', lord of Rambouillet, Frencli 
diplomatist; d. 1611 D.P. 

Angennes, Phil, d', governor of Maine ; d. 1590 D.P. 

Angennes, Regnault d', lord of Rambouillet, cham- 
berlain to Charles VI. of France ; (/. 1424 D.P. 

Angennes, Robert d', lord of RambouiUet and of 
Marolles ' D.P. 

Anger, AVilliam, Puritan divine ; 16C2 

Anger iano, Girolamo, Italian poet ; 16th cent. E.C. 

Angermann, David, German painter ; b. 1763 N.D. 

Anger mann, John -Christian, German stone-cutter 
and Baumeister ; d. 1777 u. 

Angermayr, Christoph, German sculptor ; d. 1653 d. 

Angermeyer, Albert or Johann-Albert, Bohendan 
painter; 1674 — 1740 _ D. 

Angerstein, John Julius, Russian merchant in Lou- 
don, underwriter and jiatron of the fine arts ; 
1735-1823 R. 

Anghiera, Pietro Martire {Peter Martyr), Italian his- 
torian and diplom.atist ; 1455 — 1526 u.D.c. 

Angler, Paul, English engraver and printseller; 
1750* U.B. 

Angler, Paul, French poet ; 16th cent. D.u. 

Angler, Samuel, American divine ; 1053* — 1719 A. 

Angilberga, wife of Louis, emperor of Germany : 856 

Angilbert, St, abbot of St Riquier, minister of Chiir- 
lemagne, and poet ; d. 814 U.D.C. 

Angilbert, archbishop of Milan ; 827 D.u. 

Angilbert, or Engilbert, abbot of Corbie ; d. 890 D. u. 

Angiolello, Giovanni-Maria, Italian litterateur ; 1475 

u.i.s.c. 

Angiolillo (Di Roccadirame), Ital. artist ; 1458* b.t. 

Auglolini, Francesco, Italian Jesuit and author ; 
1730 or 38—1788 e.d.s. 

Angiviller, Count Charles-Claude Labillarderie d', 
French general and academician ; d. 1810 F.U. 

Angiviller, E. J. de Laborde, Countess of, French 
patroness of literature ; 1735 — 1808 U.D. 

Anglada, Joseph, French physician and scientific 
writer ; 1775—1833 D. 

Anglade, Clement, French representative ; h. 1801 F. 

Angleberme, Jean-Pyrrhus d', French jurist ; 1470— 
1521 D u. 

Anglemont, Edouard Thibert Scipion d', French lit- 
terateur ; h. 1798 F. 

Angles, Charles-Gregoire, French magistrate ; 1736— 
1823 D.u. 

Angles, Jules, Count of, French minister of i>olicc ; 
1778—1828 F.D. 

Anglesea, Henry, Tilarquis of, English politician, lord- 
lieutenant of Ireland ; 1768 — 1854 

Anglin, Henry, soldier of the American revolutionary 
army; 1748-1853 A. 

Anglure, Oger d', French traveller ; d. 13D6* d. 

Anglure, Saladin or Ogcr d', Fr. crusader ; 1204 u.D. 



Anglus, Thomas {White), English Catholic priest and 
writer; 1582-1676 w.d. 

Angnosciola, or Angussola, Sofonisba, Italian histori- 
cal and portrait painter ; 11533 — 1620 B.u.T.c. 

Ango, or Angot, of Dieppe, French owner of priva- 
teers ; d. 1.551 u.R.y. 

Ango, Pierre, French Jesuit and author ; 17th cent. 

D.Q. 

AngolO, or Angelo, Italian sculptor and architect ; 
1296—1338 D.U. 

Angot, Robert, French poet; h. 1581 D.R. 

Angouleme, Charles de Valois, Due d', French war- 
rior, son of Charles IX. ; 1573— 165Q U.R.C. 

Angouleme, IsabeUe, Countess of, consort of John, 
king of England ; d. 1249 d. 

Angouleme, Jacques d', Fr. sculptor ; 16th cent. D. 

Angouleme, Louis-Antoine de Bourbon, Duo d', 
French noble ; 1775—1844 d.u. 

Angouleme, Louis-Emmanuel de Valois, Due d', 
bishop of Agde, warrior ; 1595 — 1653 u. R. 

Angotileme, Marie -Therese- Charlotte, Duchesse d' 
{Madame Royale), daughter of Louis XVI. ; 1778 — 
1851 D.u. 

Angouleme, Turpion, Comte d' ; 839 — 863 d. 

Angoulevent, Cadet, French poet; 17th cent. u.D. 

Angran d'AUeray, Denis-Francois, French magis- 
trate ; 1715—1794 F.U. 

Angria, East Indian pirate ; 1756 

Angriani, or Ayguani, or de Aygonnis, Michel, Italian 
Carmelite and savant ; (/. 1400 d. u.c. 

Anguerand, or Angxand-le-Prince, French painter on 
glass ; d. 1530 U. 

Anguier, Francois, Fr. sculptor : 1604—1669 U.R.d.C. 

Anguier, Michel, Fr. sculptor; 1612—1686 U.R.D.C. 

Anguilla, Giacomo d', Ital. painter; 15th cent. d.n. 

Anguillara, Giovanni-Andrea dell', Italian poet and 
translator; 1517 — 1565 U.i.D.c. 

Anguillara, Louis or Aloysio, Italian botanist ; d. 
1570 U.I.D.C. 

Anguillesi, Giovanni Domenico. Italian poet and 
scholar; 1766—1833 ' K. 

Anguisli, Thomas, English divine : 1762 

Angus, or Aengus, Irisli writer ; 8th cent. n. 

Angus, Archibald Douglas, Earl of, husband of Mar- 
garet Tudor ; 1514 

Angus, Caleb, English political writer ; d. 1860 

Angus, John, Nonconformist divine ; d. 1801 

Angus, "William, English engraver ; 1752—1821 b.R. 

Angusciola, Europa, Italian painter ; 16th cent. B.R. 

Angusciola, Lucia, Italian portrait painter ; 16tli 
cent. B.T.R. 

Ang-usciola. See Angnosciola. 

Angusius, bishop of the Isles ; 1427 Jc. 

Angustinis, Augustin de, royal physician ; 1544 

Anhalt, Anton Gunther, Prince of, Prussian general ; 
1653—1714 u.D. 

Anlialt-Bernbourg, Christian I., Prince of, German 
statesman and warrior ; 1568—1630 u.R.D. 

Anhalt-Bernbourg, Christian II. of; 1599—1656 d.r.u. 

Anlialt-Coethen, Friedrich-Ferdinand, Duke of, Prus- 
sian general ; 1769— 1830 D.U. 

Anhalt-Coetlien, Prince Ludwig von, patron of litera- 
ture ; 1.579—1650 d.r. 

Anhalt-Dessau, Leopold, Prince of, Prussian field- 
marshal ; 1676— 1747 u.D. 

Anhalt-Desgau, Leopold-Friedrich-Franz, Prince of ; 
1740—1817 D.u. 

Anhalt-Dessau, Leopold - Maximilian von, Prussian 
field-marshal ; 1700— 1751 D.u. 

Anbalt-Zerbst-Descau, Joachim-Ernst, Prince of; 
1536-1.586 D. 

Anlialt-Zerb?t-De<?Fau, Prince Rudolph, German 
warrior; 1460—1513 D. 

Anian, bishop of St Asaph, 1249 ; d. 1266 d.l. 

Anian, bishop of Bangor, 1267 ; d. 1305 d.l. 

Aniano, or Anieno. See Auien. 

Anianu?, bishop of Antioch ; 359 



ANI 



44 



ANS, 



Anianus.Egyptianmonkandchronologist; 5th cent. D. 

Anianus, or Anien, Italian priest and writ. ; 400 u.D. 

Anianus, Latin poet and astronomer ; 1.5th cent. U.D. 

Anibert, Louis Mathieu, French historian and poet ; 
1742—1782 u.D. 

Anicet-Bourgeois, Auguste, French dramatic author ; 
b. 1806 F. 

Anicetus, preceptor of Nero, and commander of the 
fleet ; 60 D. 

Anicetus, bishop of Eome, 150 62 ; d. 162 h.l.d. 

Anicli, Peter, of luspruck, geometrician, geogriqjher, 
and engineer ; 1723—1766 (?) u.e.D.C. 

AnicMni, Ludovico, Italian medal engraver; 16th 
cent. U.R.D.C. 

Anicit, or Annairizi, Arabian astronomer ; 902 d. 

Anicius, Lucius Gathes, Eoman prfetor ; B.C. 169 D.X. 

Anicius Probus, consul of Rome ; 406 H. 

Aniello, Tommaso. See Masaaiello. 

Anien, jurist and officer of Alaric II., king of the Visi- 
goths in Spain ; d. 507 b.U.d. 

Anien, Flemish Benedictine abbot and chronicler ; 
14.50 D.U. 

Animola, Vincenzio (Vincenzio Romano), Italian 
painter ; 1528 B. 

Animuccia, Giovanni, Italian music composer ; 1490 
or 1500—1569 or 75 k.u.k. 

Animuccia, Paolo, Italian musician ; d 156.3 k.d. 

Anisio, Giovanni, Ital. Latin poet ; 1472—1540* I. U.D. 

Anisson, Jacques, French printer ; d. 1714 D.U. 

Anisson, Jacques, French sub-manager of the royal 
printing-house; d. 1788 U.D. 

Anisson, Jean, French manager of the royal printing- 
house, 1701 ; d. 1721 U. 

Anisson, Laurent, printer of Lyons ; 1670 U.K. 

Anisson, Louis-Laurent, manager of the royal print- 
ing-house, 1723; d, 17(>1 u.D. 

Anisson-Duperon,Alexandi-e-Jacques-Laurent,French 
economist ; 6. 1776 D.Ut 

Anisson-Duperon, Charles, French dipl. ; 1595 u.D. 

Anisson-Duperon, Etienne-Alexandre-Jacques, man- 
ager of the royal and national printing-house ; 1748 — 
1794 u.D. 

Anitchkok, Dimitri Sergievitch, Russian philosopher 
and mathematician ; 1740—1788 D. 

Anjos, F. Luiz dos, Portug. hagiographer ; d. 1625 D.u. 

Anjou, Francois de France, Duke of, king of the Neth- 
erlands, 1581 ; d. 1584 u.E. 

Ankarcrona, Theodor, Swed. admiral ; 1687—1750 u.D. 

Ankarstroelini, Johann-.Jacob, Swedish nobleman, as- 
sassin of Gustavus-Adolphus IIL ; 1761—1792 D. 

AnkehiU, Henry, English loyalist divine ; 1660 

Anker. See Anclier. 

Ankwicz, or Angwitz, Count, abp. of Lemberg U. 

Anlaby, William, English Catholic priest and mis- 
sionary ; d. 1597 q. 

Anlaf, governor of Northumberland ; 942 

Anluain, abbat of Saiger ; 846 c. 

Anly, Jean d', French chronicler and historian ; 17th 
cent. U.D. 

Anna, mother of the Virgin IMary D. 

Anna, Perenna, sister of Dido, queen of Carthage D.X. 

Anna, king of East Anglia ; d 654 

Anna, liaLlassare d', Flemish painter of the Venetian 
school; 17th cent. N.D.T. 

Anna Comnena, daughter of emperor Alexis I. ; 1083— 
1148 u.RC. 

Anna Iwanowna, empress of Russia (1730); 1693 — 
1740 u.R. 

An-Nadim, Mohammed-ibn-Ischak, Arabian writer ; 
987 D. 

Annand, Alexander, English writer on India ; d. 1853 

Annand, James, English i)liilosophcr ; 1576 
• Annand, John, antagonist of Knox ; 1544 

Annand, William, dean of Edinburgh, scholar and 
author; 1633— 16S9 R.C. 

Annat, Fran9ois, French Jesuit and controversialist ; 
1590—1670 U.D.C 



Annat, Pien-e, French eccles. writer ; 1638—1715 D. 

Annaya, Pedro de, Portuguese admiral; 1500 D.u. 

Anne, Princess, daughter of Charles I. ; d. 1637 

Anne, princess of Orange ; d. 1759 

Anne, dauphine of Vieunois ; d. 1299 l.d.u.R. 

Anne of Austria, queen of France, consort of Louis 
XIIL ; 1602—1656 u.R. 

Anne of Bohemia, wife of Richard II., king of Eng- 
land ; 1367*— 1394 

Anne of Britany, queen of France ; 1476—1514 u.D. 

Anne of Burgundy, wife of John, duke of Bedford ; 
d. 1432 

Anne of Cleves, fourth wife of Henry VIII. of Eng- 
land ; d. 1557 

Anne of Cyprus, wife of Louis, duke of Savov; 
d. 1462 D. 

Anne of Denmark, queen of -Tames VI. : d. 1619 

Anne, queen of England (1702) ; 1664—1714 e.d. 

Aime of France, or of Beaujeu, daughter of Louis 
XI. ; 1462-1522 u.D. 

Anne of Hungary, consort of Ferdinand of Austria 
(1527) ; 1503-1547 u.D. 

Anne of Russia, consort of Henry I., king of France ; 
1044 u.R. 

Anne of Savoy, empress of the East (1327), and regent 
(1347) ; 1320— i:i59 d.u. 

Anne of Warwick, wife of Richard III. ; 1454—1485 

Anne Marie, princess of Brunswick; d. ISiiS D. 

Anne Petrowna, princess of Russia, daughter of Peter 
the Great ; 1706 — 1725 d. 

Anne, Alexander, recorder of London ; 14.36 

Anne, Bubourg, magistrate, first Protestant martyi- in 
France ; 1559 

Anne, Theodore, French litterateur ; h. 18th cent. r. 

Annebaut, Claude d', minister and marshal of France ; 
d. 1552 u.D. 

Annert, Friedrich- Albert, German engraver; 1758 — 
1800 N.U. 

Annese, Gemiaro, leader of the Neapolitan insurrec- 
tion of 1647 R.u. 

Annesley, Arthur, first earl of Anglesey, English 
statesman and writer ; 1614 — 1686 c.U.E.o. 

Annesley, Francis, English politician ; 1703 

Annesley, Francis, English divine ; d. 1740 

Annesley, Hugh, English military clficer and politi- 
cian ; b. 1 830 

Annesley, James, claimant of the earldom of Angle- 
sey ; (/. 1760 

Annesley, Sir James, English physician ; d. 1847 

Annesley, or Anneley, Samuel, "English theologian ; 
1620—1696 o.D.c. 

Annet, Peter, English deistical writer ; d. 1769 w.D. 

Annetsberger, Franziska, German painter ; 1814 N.D. 

Annianus, first bishop of Alexandria ; 63 — 85 H. 

Annianus, consul of Rome ; 314 h. 

Annibale {Pataviuus or Padovano), Italian musician ; 
16th cent. D. K. 

Anniceris, Cyrenaic philosoi^her; 4th cent. (?)B.c. D.X. 

Anning, Mary, English geologist ; 1846 

Annius of Viterbd [Giovanni Nanni), Italian Domini- 
can, litterateur ; 1432 — 1502 U.K. 

Annius, Rufus, Roman governor of Judrea ; 13 H. 

Annon, or Hannon, St, archbishop and elector of Co- 
logne ; d. 1075 D.B. 

Annone, Jean-Jacques de, Swiss archaeologist and 
naturalist; 1728—1804 U.R. 

Anot, Pierre-Nicolas, French litt. ; 1762—1823 u.D. 

Anot de Maizieres, Cyprien, French litt. ; b. 1794 F. 

Anoul, Victor Prosper Ernest, Belgian gen. ; b. 1794 P. 

Anquetil, Louis-Pierre, French historian and acade- 
mician ; 1723—1808 u.R.D.C. 

Anquetil de Briancourt, French orientalist and tra- 
veller ; 1756 D.u. 

Anquetil-Duperron, Abraham-Hyacinthe, French ori- 
entalist and academician ; 1731 — 18U5 U.F D.C. 

Anraat, I'eter van, Flemish hist, painter ; 6. 1635* B.d. 

Aiu-ique, i)/«es<ro, Spanish sculptor; 1380* D. 



ANS 



45 



ANT 



Aiisaldi (the Father), Casto-Tiiuoceuzio, Italian anti- 
quary and author ; 1710—1779 i.u p. 

Ansaldi, Innocenzio Andrea, Italian painter and lit- 
terateur ; 1734—1816 u.D. 

AnsaldO, Giovanni-Andrea, Italian j)ainter ; 1584— 

1638 B.U.D.T. 

Ansaloni, Giordano, Sicilian Dominican missionary ; 
d. 1634 D.u. 

Ansaloni, Vincenzio, Bologuese ptr. ; 17tlicent. t.b.d. 
Ansari, Abn-1-Kasim, Persian poet ; d. 1040 D. 

Ansart, Andre-Joseph, French ecclesiastical historian ; 
1723—1790 D.u.c. 

Ansart, Luuis-Josepli-Auguste, French ecclesiastical 
writer; 1748—1790 D. 

Ansbert, St, bishop of Kouen, G83 ; d. 698 D.u. 

Ansbert, Aust. prince and chronicler ; 12th cent. D.U. 
Anscarlus, St [the Apostle of the JSforth), archbishop of 
Hamburgh; 801—864 U.D.C. 

Anschiitz, Heinrich, German actor ; b. 1787 F. 

Ansdell, Richard, English animal painter ; b. 1818 B. 
Ansaaume, N., French dramatic author ; d. 1784 u.D. 
Ansegisus, St, abbot of Fonteuelles and diplomatist ; 
d. 833 D.R.c. 

Ansegisus, archbishop of Sens, 871 ; d. 882 d.e. 

Ansegisus, or Ansusus, bishop of Troyes ; d. 971 D. 
Anselin, Jean-Louis, Fr. engraver; 1754—1823 b.d. 
Anselm, or Anselmo, St, theologian and philosopher, 
abp. of Canterbury ; 1033*— 1109 h.ii.G.V.B.l.d. 
Anselm, St, bishop of Lucca; 1036*— 1083 i.D.u. 
Anselm, archbishop of Milan ; d. 1101 
Anselm, Pierre Guibours, French Carmelite, genealo- 
gist ; 1625—1694 u. 
Anselm le Gras, bp. of St David's, 1231 ; d. 1247 d.L 
Anselme, bp. of Haerlbourg, in Saxony; d. 1159 D.U. 
Anselme, Benedictine monk of Rheims ; 1049 E. U. 
Anselme of Liege, dean of the cathedral and his- 
torian ; d. 1056 R.D.U. 
Anselme {Daedalus), Italian sculptor ; 12th cent. n.d. 
Anselme, Antoine, French preacher and academician ; 
1652—1737 u.R.c. 
Anselme, or Anselmo, Anton, Dutch jurist and 
wi-iter ; 1580—1668 D. 
Anselme of Parma, Gioi-gio, Italian professor of 
music and writer ; 15th cent. D.K. 
Anselme, or Anselmo, Giorgio, Italian Latin poet ; d. 
1525 D.u. 
Anselme, Jacques-Bernard-Modeste d', French gene- 
ral ; 1740—1812 D.U.E. 
Anselme, Jean-Baptiste-Eugene [Bert), French actor ; 
b. 1821 F. 
Anselme de Laon, French theologian ; cl. 1117 D.R. 
Anselme de Ribemont, Count, French chronicler ; d. 
1099 D.u. 
Anselme de Sainte-Marie [Pere Pierre de Guibours), 
French genealogist and chi'onicler ; 1625—1694 E.G. 
Anselmi, Batista, ItaUau i^hysician and author ; 17th 
cent. D. I. 
Anselmi,Giorgio, Veronese paint. ; 1703— 1797t.b.i.r.c. 
Anselmi, Michelange [Michelangelo da Lucca and da 
Sienna), Italian pamter ; 1491 — 15.54 T.B.U. 
Anselmo, Giorgio, Italian mathematician and astrono- 
mer ; d. 1440 D.I. 
Anselmo. See Anselme and Anselm. 
Anselmus, Aurelius, or Am-elio Anselmi, Italian phy- 
sician ; 17th cent. D. 
Anselmus de Janua, French surgeon ; 13th cent. D. 
Ansgarde, first wife of Louis le Begue ; 870 e. 
Ansham, Richard, English loyalist divine ; 1660 
Ansiany, Jeau - J oseph - Eleonor - Antoine, Flemish 
historical painter ; 1764—1840 B.U.D. 
Ansiaux, Emmanuel- Antoine -Josei^h, Belgian jurist 
and author ; 1761—1800 B u.D.U. 
Ans-Ibn-Malik, Abou-Hamzah, companion of Mo- 
hammed ; d. 710* D. 
Ansidei, Baldasare, Italian litt. ; 1.556—1614 d.e. 
Ansidei, Giuseppe, Italian poet and writer; 1642 — 
1707 D.I. 



Ansgai, monk of Corvey ; d. 865 
Anslay, Brian, English writer ; 1521 D. 

Ansley, Benjamin, English colonel ; d. 1846 
Ansley,John, sheriff of London, 1805 ; Id. mayor, 1807 d. 
Anslo, Reinher, Dutch poet ; 1622 or 26—1669 U.)).C. 
Anson, Aug. Henry Archibald, Eng. polit. ; b. 1833 
Anson, George, Lord, English admii-al and circum- 
navigator; 1697—1762 D.c.R.u. 
Anson, Sir George, Eng. general ; b. 1797, d. 1850 F. 
Anson, George, commander-in-chief in India ; d. 1857 
Anson, Octavius Henry St John, English military 

officer ; d. 1859 
Anson, Pierre Hubert, French economist and finan- 
cier; 1744 — 1810 F. D.U.C. 
Anspach, or Ansbach, Albert, margrave of ; 1486 D.u. 
Anspacll, Albert, margrave of ; d. 1667 D.U. 
Anspach, Christian-Albert, margrave of ; d. 1692 D. 
Anspacll and Baireutb, Christian-Friederich-Wilhelm- 

Alexander, margrave of, nephew of Queen Caroline ; 

1736-1806 D.u. 

Anspacll, Elizabeth (Craven), margravine of, English 

authoress ; 1750—1828 u.E. 

Anspach, Ernest, margrave of ; d. 1625 D. 

Anspacll, Friederich, margrave of ; d. 1634 D. 

Anspacll, F. R., American author ; b. 1817 a. 

Anspach, Georg, margrave of, 1515 ; d. 1543 D. 

Anspacll, Georg-Friederich, margrave of, 1557 ; d. 

1603 _ D. 

Anspacll, Georg-Friederich, margrave of ; d. 1703 D. 
Anspacll, Johann-Friederich, margrave of ; d. 1686 D. 
Anspacb, Karl - WUheLm - Friederich, margrave of ; 

1712—1757 D. 

Anspacll, Philippe Leon, French Jew, magistrate, 

and author ; b. 1805 
Anspacll, Wilhelm-Friederich, margrave of ; d. 1723 D. 
Ansprand, king of the Lombards ; 657—712 U. 

Ansprando, duke of Spoleto ; d. 745 D. 

Ansted, David Thomas, English geologist ; b. 1814 
Anster, John, Irish j^rofessor of law and author ; 

1798—1867 ^ M. 

Anstett, Jean-Protasius, Russian dipl. ; 1760 — 1835 d. 
Anstey, Christopher, English poet ; 1724—1805 R.D.C. 
Anstey, John, English poet ; d. 1819 
Anstey, Thomas Chisholm, English barrister and 

author ; 6. 1816 JI. 

Anstice, Joseph, classical professor. King's College, 

London ; d. 1836 
Anstis, John, English antiquary, garter kiug-at-arms, 

and author ; 1669—1744 R.c. 

Anstis, John, Eng. garter king-at-arms ; 1708* — 1754 
Anstis, Thomas, English pirate ; d. 1723 
Anstruther, Henry, British officer at Alma ; 1836— 

1854 
Anstrutber, Sir John. Eng. statsm. ; 1753—1811 D.E.j/. 
Anstruther, Sir Robert, English diplomatist ; d. 1645 
Anstruther, Sir Robert, English politician ; b. 1834 
Anstruther, William, English lawyer ; d. 1711 
Antagoras of Rhodes, Greek poet ; b.c. 270 h.d.x. 
Antalcidas, Spartan diplomatist ; B.C. 387 d.e.x. 

Antander, Syracusan general ; B.C. 320 D.x. 

Antar,orAntarah, Arabian warrior andpoet ; 500* R.p. 
Antelami, Benedetto degli, Italian sculptor and archi- 
tect ; 1180 T-D.E. 
Antelmi, Joseph, French ecclesiastical historian, canon 

of Frt^jus ; 1648—1697 D-R-C 

Antelmi, or Anthelmi, Leon, grand-vicar of Frejus ; 

1700 E-u. 

Antelmi, Nicolas, French theologian, vicar-general of 

Frejus ; d. 1646 D.E. 

Antelmi, Pierre, French theologian ; d. 1668 _ D.E. 
Antelmi, Pierre - Thomas, French mathematician; 

1730—1783 u.E. 

Antenor, or Agenor, Greek sculptor; B.C. 509 x.u.e. 
Antenor, Greek historian, author of a history of 

Crete . D. 

Antenor, Macedonian admiral (Livv) D. 

Anteros, Greek bishop of Rome, 235 ; d. 236 U.E.D. 



ANT 



46 



ANT 



Antes, John, Moravian missionary and author ; 1740 — 

1811 A. 

Antesignan, Pierre, French hellenisfc and gram- 
marian ; IGth cent. U.D.C. 
AnthaM, Protestant bishop of Said B. 
Antheas of Lindus, Greek philosopher R. 
Anthelme, or Anselinus, St, archbishop of Belhiy ; 

1105*— 1178 D. 

Anthemius, consul of Kome, 405; prefect of the East, 

408 H.U.D. 

Aatlxemius, emperor of the West, 467-72 ; d. 472 x. u.D. 
Antnemius, consul of Rome ; 515 H. 

Anthemius of Tralles, Greek architect, sculptor, 

philosoplier, and mathematician ; d. 5'-W' U.D.C. 
Antlieriiiis, oj- Athenis, Greek sculptor; B.C. 580* U.D. 
Antheunis, Jacques, of Middleburg, vicar-general of 

Cambray ; 1480'^ U.D. 

Anthimus, bishop of Trebizond, and patriarch of 

Constantinoiile ; 536 D. 

AntMng, Carl, Dutch general, governor of the Indies ; 

d. 1823 D. 

Anthmg, Frtderick, officer in the Russian service ; d. 

1805 
Anthlng, Friederich, German painter; 1800 D. 

AntMppus, Greek comic writer E. 

Anthoiue, Antoine-Ignace, baron de Saint- Joseph, 

French merchant and economist ; 1749 — 1826 U.D. 
Antliome, Fran(;ois-Paul-Nicolas, French general and 

political writer ; 1720—1793 D. 

Antboine, Nicolas, French minister, Roman Catholic 

convert to Judaism ; d. 1732 u.D. 

Antliome de St Joseph, Francois, Baron, French 

general; b. 1787 F. 

Anthon, Charles, American classical scholar and 

author; b. 1797 e.a.u. 

Anthon, Clement-Theodor, k. of Saxony ; 1755—1836 u. 
Anthon, John, American lawyer and writer; 6. 1784 a. 
Anthony, or Antony, St [tlie Great), founder of mon- 

achism; 251 — 356 U.D.C 

Anthony, Greek monk ; 8th cent. D. 

Anthony, St, German martyr ; d. 1328 D. 

Anthony, Anthony, Eng. surveyor of ordnance ; 1558 
Anthony, Derick, Eng. seal-engraver to Edward VI. R. 
Anthony, Francis, English physician and alchemist ; 

1550-1623 w.E.c. 

Anthony, John, English chemist ; d. 1655 R.c. 

Aathony, Mark, English landscape painter; b. 1817 is. 
Anthony, William, English mechanician ; 1847 
Antias, Q. Valerius, Roman historian, B.C. 80 u.x. 
Antiboul, Charles-Louis^ French advocate ; 1752 — 

1793 F.D. 

Antichio, Pietro, Venetian painter ; d. 1763 D. 

Antico, Lorenzo, Latin grammarian; 17th cent. u.D.i. 
Antier, Benjamin, French dramatic author ; 6.1787 f. 
Anticles, Olympic victor; B.C. 748 H. 

Anticles, Olympic victor; B.C. 340 H. 

Anticles, Athenian archon ; B.C. 326 h. 

Anticlides, Athenian historian ; 3d cent. B.C. X.D. 
Anticrates, Olympic victor; B.C. 600 H. 

Antidamas of Heraclea, Greek historian r. 

Antidotus, Athenian archon ; B.C. 451 H. 

Antidotus, Greek painter; B.C. 364 u.B. 

Antidotus, Greek comic writer K. 

Antigenes, Athenian archon; B.C. 407 H. 

Antigenes, Macedonian general; d. B.C. 316 H.D.x. 
Antigenes, Cleophantinus, Greek pliysician ; B.C. 

247-222 D. 

Antigenes, Greek historian, mentioned by Plutarch D. 
Antigenes, Greek physician ; 2nd cent. d. 

Antigenidas of Thebes, Greek musician ; B.C. 330 D.x. 
Antigna, Jean Pierre Alexandre, French painter ; 

6. 1818 B.P. 

Antignac, Antoine Fr. song-writer; 1772—1823 u.D. 
Antigonus (the One-eyed), general of Alexander the 

Great, king of Asia ; B.C. 382—301 H.U.R.X. 

Antigonus, SocebIius, high-priest of the Jews, founder 

of the sect of Sadducees ; B.C. 310* ii.u. 



Antigonus, Olympic victor ; B.C. 292 and 288 H. 

Antigonus Carystius, Greek writer; B.C. 250 u.E.x. 
Antigonus Gonatas, k. of Macedon ; d. B.C. 239 u.D.x. 
Antgonus Doson, k. of Macedon; (/. B.C. 220 H.U.R.X. 
Antigonus, king of Judosa ; B.C. 40 u.D.x. 

Antigonus, queen of Egypt, motlier of Berenice, con- 
sort of Ptolemy I. D. 
Antigonus, Greek painter and writer on painting R. 
Antigonus (the Cumeean), Greek writer on agriculture, 

mentioned by Varro and Pliny R. 

Antigonus, or Antigone, Greek surgeon;- 1st cent. D, 
Antillon, Isidore, Spanish patriot, scholar^ and writer ; 

1760—1820 U.D. 

Antilochides, Athenian archon; B.C. 435 h. 

Antimachus, Olympic victor; B.C. 772 h. 

Antimachus, poet of Colophon ; B.C. 405'- h.d.n. 

Antimachus of Colophon, or Glares, son of H^par- 

chus, author; 4th cent. B.C. H.R. 

Antimachus of Heliopolis, Gk. poet; 1st cent. B.C. d. 
Antimaco, Marc-Antonio, Italian hellenist and poet ; 

1473—1552 R.i.u.c. 

Antinori, Antonio-Lodovico, Italian antiquary and 

author; 1720*— 1780 l.D.s. 

Antinous, favourite of the emp. Hadrian ; d. 132 u.D. 
Antioche, Gerard de, sheritf of London ; 1196 D. 

Antiochus, king of the Messenians ; B.C. 800—744 R.D. 
Antiochus I. (Soter), king of Syria, B.C. 280 : d. 

261 u.D.x. 

Antiochus IL (Tkeos.); B.C. 300—246 u.D.x. 

Antiochus III. (the Great) ; B.C. 237—187 u.D.x. 

Antiochus IV. (Epiphancs) ; B.C. 200*— 164 u.D.x. 
Antiochus V. (Eupator); d. B.C. 162 u.D.x. 

Antiochus VI. (Theos.) ; d. B.C. 142 u.D.x. 

Antiochus VII. (Euergetes and Sidetes) ; d. B.C. 128 u.x. 
Antiochus Vin. (Grypus); b.c. 125-96 u.D.x. 

Antiochus IX. (Cyzicenus) ; d. b.c. 95 u.D.x. 

Antiochus X. (Eusebes) ; d. b.c. 85* u.D.x. 

Antiochus XI. [Epijjhanes and Philadelphtts) ; d. b c. 

93 u.D.x. 

Antiochus XII. (Dionysus) ; d. B.C. 98 or 85 u.D.x. 
Antiochus XIII. (Asiaticiis) ; d. B.C. 65 or 49 u.D.x. 
Antiochus I., k. of Commagene in Asia ; d. b. c.31 U.D.x. 
Antiochus II. ; c^. b.c. 29 u.D.x. 

Antiochus III. ; d. a.d. 17 x.u.d. 

Antiochus IV. (Epiphanes) ; d. 41 u.x.D. 

Antiochus, Greek (?) sculptor, son of Illas R. 

Antiochus, Greek astronomer D. 

Antiochus of Syracuse, Greek historian ; b.c. 423 H.x. 
Antiochus, lieutenant of Alcibiades ; B.C. 400 D. 

Antiochus, Gk. phys. mentioned by Galen ; B.C. 300 D. 
Antiochus (Hierax), son of Antiochus II. and Laodice, 

king of CiHcia; d. B.C. 227 R. 

AntiochusofAscalon, preceptor of Cicero; b.c. 80 H.x. 
Antiochus, St, martyr and physician ; d. 120* D.R. 
Antiochus, Roman physician ; 2nd cent. D. 

Antiochus of Egea, Greek sophist ; 200 D. 

Antiochus, St, martyr and phys. ; d. 303 or 11 D.R. 
Antiochus, bishop of Ptolomais ; d. 408 D. 

Antiochus of Seha, Greek writer ; 7th cent. D.u.c. 
Antipater I., Macedonian general and regent (b.c. 

322) ; 390-319 D.u.x, 

Antipater, king of Macedon ; B.C. 295 u.D.x. 

Antipater, king of Macedon ; d. B.C. 278 or 190 
Antipater, Athenian archon ; B.C. 389 H. 

Antipater of Tarsus, Greek philos. ; B.C. 144 D.R.X. 
Antipater, tlie Iduma3an, procurator of Judaea, father 

of Herod the Great; (/. B.C. 43 X.U.R. 

Antipater of Thessalonica, Greek poet and impro visa- 
tore ; 1st cent. B.C. D.R. 
Antipater, Athenian archon ; 45 H. 
Antipater, Roman physician ; 2nd cent. R. 
Antipater of Hierapolis, Greek rhet. ; 193—211 d.r. 
Antipater, L. Cxdius, historian of the Punic wars ; 

B.C. 123 H.D.D.x. 

Antipater Sidonius, Greek epigram. ; B.C. 108* h.d.x. 
Antipater, Tyrius, Greek Stoic philosopher; d. B.C. 

46* h.d.r.x. 



ANT 



47 



ANT 



Antiphanes of Berga, in Thrace, Greek fabulist E.x. 

Antiphanes, comic writer, mentioued by Suidas B. 

Antiphanes, Greek scvilptor ; B.C. 400 D.K. 

Antiphanes of Ehodes, or Smyrna, Greek poet and 
writer of comedies ; B.C. 387* H.U.K. 

Antiphanes, Greek physician ; B.C. 180 D.R. 

Antiphanes, Atlieuian archon ; B.C. 2'J7 H. 

Antiphemus of Rhodes, founder of Gela, in Sicily ; 
B.C. 690 H.x. 

Antiphilus, Greek architect; 5th cent. B.C. D. 

Antiphilus, Greek painter; B.C. 330 U.E.x. 

Antipho, Greek writer on husbandry (Atliencvus) R. 

Antiphon, Gk. collector of anecdotes {Diog. Laert.) R. 

Antiphon, Greek rhetorician and statesman ; B.C. 
479-419 D.x. 

Antiphon of Athens, Greek sophist and orator, B.C. 
430; d. 411* U.R.x. 

Antiphon, Greek tragic poet ; 4th cent. B.C. D.R.X. 

Antiphon, Athenian archon ; B.C. 318 H. 

Antiphon, Greek schoolmaster and orator ; B.C. 300 R. 

Antiquario, Jacopo, Italian painter; 1450"^— 1512 D. 

Antiquus, Jan, Dutch painter; 1702—1750 B.U.R.C. 

Antistates, Greek architect ; 6th cent. B.C. d. 

Antisthenes, Athenian first Cynic philosoiAer ; h. B.C. 
424* u.x. 

Antisthenes, Greek historian ; B.C. 198 ii. 

Antistius, Labeo, Roman jiroetor and proconsul ; ist 
cent. K.B.X. 

Antistius, Eoraan physician ; B. C. 50* V>. 

Antiveduto, Italian historical painter ; 1552— 1C26 

Antje, Aertejen, or Aart van Leyden, German histori- 
cal painter ; 1498- 15G4 R. 

Antoine {le Grand Bdtard), son of the duke of Bur- 
gundy, warrior; 1421—1504 U.R. 

Antoine, Antoine, French engineer ; 1744—1818 D. 

Antoine, Jacques-Denis, French architect and artist ; 
1733—1801 U.R. 

Antoine, Joseph, French representative ; h. 1793 F. 

Antoine, L., or Antonius Ludovicus, Portuguese phy- 
sician ; d. 1547 D. 

Antoine, Paul - Gabriel, French .Jesuit theologian ; 
1679-1743 U.R. 

Antoine, Pierre- Joseph, French engineer; 1730 — 
1814 u.D. 

Antoine, Sebastien, French engraver; 1729 b.d.r. 

Antoine of Aguilera, Spanish medical writer ; 16th 
cent. D. 

Antoine de Bourbon, k. of Navarre ; 1518-1562 u.r. 

Antoine of Carthagenia, Spanish phys. ; 16th cent. d. 

Antoine de Viana, Si)anish surgeon and writer ; 17th 
cent. D. 

Antoinette d'Orleans, foundress of the convent Filles 
du Galvaire ; d. 1595 U. 

Antoll, Jewish writer ; 13th cent. O.D.z. 

Antoli, Jacob Bar Samson, Span, rabbi ; d. 1232 O.D.z. 

Antoliney y Sarahia, Don Francisco, Spanish painter 
and advocate ; 1644—1700 U.B.D. 

Antolini, Giovanni, Ital. architect ; 1755—1841 n.d. 

Aatolinez, Josef, Spanish landscape painter ; 1639— 
1676 D.B. 

Antommarchi, Francesco, Corsican physician and ana- 
tomist at Florence ; d. 1838 D. 

Anton, Charl-Gottlob, German historian and jurist ; 
1751—1818 U.D. 

Anton, George, Eng. politician and author ; h. 1550 q. 

Anton, Gottfried, German jurist ; 1571 — 1618 D.R. 

Anton, James, English scholar ; 1600—1619 

Anton, Johanu-Niclaus, German theologian and 

writer; 1737—1814 D. 

Anton, Konrad - Gottlob, German philologer and 

savant; 1745—1814 U.G.D. 

Anton, or Aritonius, Paul, German Lutheran theolo- 
gian and controversialist ; 1661 — 1730 U.D. 
Anton, Robert, English poet ; 17th cent. R. 
Antona, Giovanni da, Italian portrait painter R. 
Antonelle, Pierre-Antoiue, Marquis d', French politi- 
cal writer and representative ; 1747— 1817 D. u. 



Antonelli, Bautista, Spanish architect ; d. 161G d. 
Antonelli, Giacomo, Italian cardinal and secretary of 

state to Pio IX. ; b. 1806 M.D. 

Antonelli, Giovanno- Carlo, Italian bishop; 1690— 

1769 i.D. 

AntoneUi, Juan-Bautista, Span, architect : d. 1588 D. 
Antonelli, Leonardo, cardinal, bishop of Velletri and 

Ostia; 1730—1811 u.D. 

Antonelli, Nicola-^Mario, count of Pergola, Italian car- 
dinal and author ; 161)7-1767 D.U.C. 
Antonelli, Sebastiano-Andrese, Italian historian ; d. 

1644 D.I. 

Antonello of Messina, Italian historical and portrait 

painter; 1447—1496 n.u. 

Antonius, Caius Hylrida, son of the Orator, Roman 

warrior; B.C. 60 e.d.X. 

Antonius, Julius, Roman consul ; B.C. 10 H.D.X. 

Antoni, Alessandro - Vittorio - Papacino d', Italian 

general and tactician ; 1714 — 1786 d.u. 

Antoni, Vincenzo-Bemi degli< Italian jurist ; 1747 — 

1810 u.D. 

Antonia, Major, daughter of IMarc Antony, and sister 

of Csesar Augustus ; 6. B.C. 39 d.x. 

Antonia, Minor, second daughter of Marc Antony; 

b. B.C. 36, d. A.D. 37 d. 

Antonia, daughter of the emp. Claudius; d. 66 D.x. 
Antoniano, Antonio, or Antonio Viviani ; Italian 

painter; 1595 T. 

Antoniano, Ferrarese, or Antonio Albert! de Ferrare, 

Italian portrait painter ; 1450 b.d. 

Antoniano, Silvio, Ital. cardinal ; 1540—1603 R.l.D.c. 
Antonianus, Johannes, Dutch Dominican, author ; d, 

1588 U.D. 

Antonianus, Silvanus, wood engraver ; 1567 B.R. 

Antoniasso, Italian painter ; 1510* D. 

Antonides, Jan Van der Goes, Dutch poet ; 1647— 

1684 E.u.D. 

Antonides, Johannes (Alclcmarianus), Dutch oriental 

scholar u.r.q. 

Antonides Naerdenus, Hendric (Henricus Antonius 

van der Linden), Dutch scholar ; 1546 — 1604 u.D. 
Antonides, Theodor, Dutch theologian ; 18th cent. D.U. 
Antonin, Ivan, Polish phys. and writer ; d. 1550 D. 
Antonina, wife of Belisarius ; 499—565 e.d. 

Antoninez, Don .Jose, Spanish painter ; 1636 — 1676 u.B. 
Antoninl, Annibal, Italian grammarian and lexicogra- 
pher ; 1702— 1755 D.u. I. 
Antonini, FeUppo, Italian archsologist ; d. 1630* U.i.D. 
Antonini, Giuseppe, Italian antiquary and jurist ; 

18th cent. U.I.D. 

Antoninus, bishop of Jerusalem ; 2nd cent. H. 

Antoninus, Roman senator ; 2nd cent. d. 

Antoninus, Etiyptian philosopher ; d. 391 D. 

Antoninus, Marcus-Aurelius, twin brother of Corn- 
modus; d. 165 D.x. 
Antoninus of Forciglioni, St, Dominican chronicler, 

archbishop of Florence ; 1389—1459 R.U.D. 

Antoninus, Liberalis, Gk. writer; 2nd cent. (?) R.U.C. 
Antoninus, Marcus- Aurel., consul of Rome ; 202 H. 
Antoninus Pius, Titus Aurelius Fulvius Bojonius 

Arrius, Roman emp., 138-61 ; b. 86, d. 161 X.E.U.H. 
AntOiiinus,Placentiuus, Christianmartyr ; 6th cent. R. 
Antoninus Iloaoratus, bishop of Constantine, in 

Africa ; 5th cent. d.u.h. 

Antonio, St, of Padua, Franciscan theologian ; 1195^ 

1231 v-v. 

Antonio, Don, prior of Crato, king of Portugal, 1589 ; 

d. 1595 R-U. 

Antonio, Nicola, Spanish bibliographer; 1617—1684 

K.D.U.C. 

Antonio, Pedro, Spanish painter ; b. 1614 B.U. 

Antonio, Pietro de Pitri, Italian engraver K. 

Antonio, Silvestre de Bourbon {the Infanta), brother 

of Charies IV., king of Spain ; 1755—1817 U.f.r. 
Antonio (Veneziano), Italian fresco painter ; 1310— 

1384 _ D.N. 

Antonio di Cristoforo, Florentine sculp. ; 1451 D.N, 



ANT 



48 



APP 



AntODio di Faenza, Ital. goldsmith ; ]Oth cent. d.n. 

Antonio di Federigo, Italian sculp ; 16th cunt. d.n. 

Antonio de Letorija, Sjiauish historian, grammarian, 
and jurist; 1442 — 1522 U.K. 

Antonio di Legate, Italian sculptor ; 1473 d.n. 

Antonio del Mezzano, Italian goldsmith ; 1798 d.n. 

Antonio di Nicolo, Venetian .sculptor ; 1448 D. N. 

AntOEio de PapMa, physician and author O.D. 

Antonio da Vegu, or da Veggia, Italian sculptor ; 
Kith cent. D.N. 

Antonio Margarita, or Malgarlta, or Margalitha, 
rabbi and author O.D.Z. 

Antonio Morosial, Italian Jewish poet ; 1()70* o.d. 

Aatoniotti, Giorgio, Italian musician ; 101)2—1776 D. 

Aatonissen, Henry, Flemish landscape and cattle 
painter; 1737—1794 B. 

Antonisze, Corn., Dutch painter; 1500*— 15.30* B.D.R. 

Antonius, G reek physician and Epicurean philosopher ; 
2nd cent. K. 

Antonius, consul of Eome ; 382 H. 

Antonius (2?/o//«i(;s), Greek writer ; 4tli cent. U.E. 

Antonius of Parma, bishop of Ferrara ; 1419 d. 

Antonius {BeaUm Antonius Confessor), Italian physi- 
cian and ecclesiastic ; 1424 — 1494 R. 

Antonius, Godefried, German jurist and author ; d. 
1018 U.d.C. 

Antonius, Lucius [Gladiator Asiaticiis), Eomau tri- 
bune ; B.C. 45 E.D.H.X. 

Antonius, L., Koman consul ; B.C. 41 H.x. 

Antonius, Marcus, Roman consul and orator ; d. 
B.C. 87 R.D.X.H. 

Antonius, Marcus-Creticus, Roman pra;tor ; d. B.C. 

74 H.U.X.K. 

Antonius, Marcus-Gripho, lloman rhetorician; BO. 

66 D.x. 

Q Antonius, Marcus (3Iark Antony/), the triumvir ; d, 

''^O') B.C. 30 K.u.x. 

Antonius, Pollio, Roman sophist and rhetorician ; 2nd 

cent. D.x. 

Antoniiis Castor, Roman physician, contemporary 

with Pliny ; 1st cent. U. 

Antonius, Primus-Maicus (Becco), Roman warrior ; 

b. 20 D.H. 

Antony, St, or Antonius Cyrus, Ital. monk ; d. 521 D. 
Aatony, bishop of Raphoe, L"!!)9 ; d. 1413* c. 

Antony, Clemont, king of Sa.xony ; d. 1836 
Antony. Sue Anthony, Antonio, and Antoine. 
Antracino, Giovanni, Italian physician ; d. 1530 U.n. 
Antraigues, Emmanuel-Louis-Henritle Launay, Conito 

d', French representative and x^olitical writer ; 

1755-1812 D.U. 

Antrobus, Benjamin, English devotional writer ; 1691 
Antrobus, Edmund, English politician ; h. 1818 
Antrobus, Rich.ard, English lawyer ; 1663 
Antyllus, or Autillus, surgeou and medical writer ; 

4th cent.* D.R. 

AnuUianus, consul of Rome ; 295 H. 

Anulllanu3, Corn., consul of Rome ; 216 H. 

Anullianus, P. Corn., consul of Rome; 199 n. 

Anund I. {Brant), king of Sweden ; 7th cent. U.D. 
Anund II., king of Sweden, 1024 ; d. 1035 u.D. 

Anversa, Lievin d', Flenush painter ; 15th cent. d.n. 
Anversa, Ugo d', Italian painter; 10th cent, t.n.d. 
Anville, Jean-Baptistc Bourguignou d', French geo- 
grapher; 1697—1782 R.D.c. 
Anville, Nicolas de la Rochefoucald, Due d', French 

naval general ; d. 1745 R.D. 

Anwander, Johann, German painter ; 16th cent. D. 
Anwari, Persian jwet ; d. 1200 R. u. 

Anyan, Thomas, English divine ; d. 1612 
Anysis, king of Egypt ; B.C. 1012* D.u.x. 

Anyte of Tegea, Greek female epigrammatist ; B.C. 

700 D.x. 

Anytus, Greek tanner and demagogue ; B.C. 400* D.x. 
Aodh, king of Scotland ; 880 (?) 
Aoust, Eustache d', French general and revolutionist ; 

1703—1794 U.D. 



Aoust, Jean-]Maric, JIarquis d', French rej^resentative 

and revolutionist ; 1704—1812 U.D. P. 

Apaameensis, Johannes, Syrian monk r. 

Apaczai (Apatzai Tsere), Johaun, Hungarian savant 

and author ; d. 1059 U.R.C. 

Apame, daughter of Artabazus ; B.C. 30O* u.D. 

Aparicio, Spanish sculptor ; 11th cent. d. 

Aparicio, Josef, Spanish painter ; 1780—1822* D.N, 
Aparicio, l^on Manuel Moreno, Si)anish tjainter upon 

glass; 1770* ... D. 

Apaturius, Asiatic decorative painter D. 

Apchon, Claude - IVIarc - Antoine d', French prelate, 

archbishop of Auch ; 1723-1783 D.R. 

Apel, Friedrich-August-Ferduiand, German jurist and 

author; 1708 — 1830 D.u. 

Apel, Johann, German reformer ; 1476—1536 R.C. 
Apel, Johann August, German poet and dramatic 

writer; 1771—1816 u.R. 

Apelboom, Dutch poet ; d. 1780 u. 

Apellas, Greek sculptor ; 4th cent. B.C. D.U. 

Apellas, or Apollas, Greek geographer ; 320* D.H. 
Apelles, Greek physician ; 1st cent. D. 

Apelles, Syrian heretic at Rome, founder of the 

Apelleians ; 180 U.D.C. 

Apelles of Colophon, or Ephesus, Greek painter ; 

B.C. 325 E.U.D.X. 

Apellicon of Teos, Greek peripatetic philos., collec- 
tor of the works of Aristotle ; d. B.C. 85* E.X.U.D. 

Apens, C, Dutch engraver; 1673 b.k. 

Aper, Greek grammarian ; 30* D. 

Aper, consul of Rome ; 207 H. 

Aper, Arius, Roman prefect and assassin ; d. 284 U. 

Aper, Marcus, Roman orator and prtetor; d. B.C. 
85 u.B.x. 

Aper, M. Flavius, consul of Rome ; 130 H. 

Aperbach, Gottschalk, German niathem. ; 1560 d.q. 

Apezteguia, Don Juan-Felisse, Span, sculp. ; d. 1785 D. 

Apharcus, Athenian poet and orator; 4th cent, 

B.C. D.R.X, 

Apherdianus, Petrus, Dutch poet and gram.; 1670* d. 
Aphides, king of Athens ; B.C. 1133 H, 

Aphnimaranus, Syrian ecclesiastic ; 7th cent. K. 

Aphraates, or Pharades, Syrian divine K. 

Aphrodas, Greek physician ; 1st cent. B.C. D. 

Aphrodisianus, Puisian writer D, 

Aphrodisius, Lydian sculptor ; 1st cent. D.H, 

Aphthonius, Greek rhetorician and writer ; 3d 

cent. U.K.C. 

Aphtrod, David, German rabbi ; 1724 o.D. 

Apian, Peter, Dutch mathematician and astronomer ; 

1495—1551 U.R.D.C. 

Apian, Philipp, Dutch mathem. ; 1531—1589 d.r.c. 
Apicius, Roman gastronomist, accuser of Rutiliua 

Rufus ; B.C. 92 U.R.x. 

Apicius, M. Gabius, Roman gastrf)nomist ; 14—37 X. 
Aptnus, Johann - Ludwig, German physician and 

author; 1068—1703 D.U. 

Apinus, Sigismund-Jacob, German philologist ; 1693 — 

1732 D.U, 

Apion, Greek grammarian and hist. ; a.d. 40 K.U.C, 
Apion of Alexandria, ambassador ; a.d. 40 
Apis, king of Sicyon ; B.C. 1734 H, 

Apis, king of Argos ; B.C. 1693 H.x. 

Apjohn, James, Irish physician, chemist, and scien- 
tific writer ; h. 1796 
Apochas, Olympic victor ; B.C. 520 H. 

Apocrisarius, Benedictine monk ; 1221 
Apoemantes, Greek physician ; 3d cent. B.C. D. 

Apoil, Charles Alexis, French painter ; b. 1816 P. 
ApoUinarius, bishop of Hierapolis ; 177* U.D.H. 

Apollinarius (the Elder), Greek gnimmarian and 

rhetorician; 4th cent. D.U.R.C. 

Apollinarius (the Younger), Greek grammarian ; d. 

382* D.U.B.I-. 

Appold, John George, English scientific inventor ; 

lSOO-1805 
Appolinaris, P. Caelius, consul of Rome ; 169 Zi. 



APO 



49 



APP 



Apollinarlus, St, bishop of Valencia ; 517 D. 

Apollinarlus, Aurelius, Latin poet ; 3d cent. _ TJ. 
Apolliaaxius, C. Sulpicius,Carthagcnian grammarian ; 

150 D.c. 

Apollodoro, Francesco [Porcia of Friuli), Italian 

painter; 1625" T.C.D. 

Apollodorus of Telmissus, Greek writer on dreams K. 
ApoUodorus, Greek writer of hymns R. 

Apollodorus, Greek peripatetic philosopher E.H. 

Apollodorus, Greek writer on agriculture K. 

Apollodorus, Ephilus, Stoic'philosopher R.U.n. 

Apollodorus of Aspuidus, Greek )ihilologist K. 

Apollodorus {Dof/isticus), Greek mathematician D. 
Apollodorus of Tarsus, Greek tragic poet d. 

Apollodorus, Athenian archon ; B.C. 4.30 H. 

Apollodorus, Athenian painter ; B.C. 408 U.R.x. 

Apollodorus of Phaleriun, Greek philosopher ; 5th 

cent. B.C. D. 

Apollodorus {the Madman), friend of Socrates ; 

4th cent. B.C. R. 

Apollodorus, Gree^ statuary ; 4th cent. B.C. R.D.U. 
Apollodorus, tyrant of Cassandria ; B.C. 379 R.D.X. 
Apollodorus, Athenian archon ; B.C. 350 H. 

Apollodorus of Gela, Sicilian comic poet ; B.o. 340 — 

'290 H.D.X. 

Apollodorus, Athenian archon ; B.C. 321 h. 

Apollodorus, Greek comic poet ; B.C. 260 D.x. 

Apollodorus of Pergamus, Greek rhetorician, teacher 

of oratory to Augustus Caesar ; 1st cent. B.C. R.X. 
Apollodorus, Greek chronologist ; B.C. 14.5* H. 

Apollodorus, Greek grammarian ; B.C. 140 R.X.U. 
ApoUodorus, Greek physician and naturalist ; 1st 

cent. B.C. U. 

Apollodorus of Damascus, Greek architect ; 1st 

cent. U.R. 

Apollodorus, Greek Epicurean i^hilosopher, master of 

Zeno ; B.C. SO U.D. 

Apollodorus of Pergamus, preceptor of Octavius ; 44 
Apolloma, St, martyr of Alexandria ; 248 
Apollonides of Cos, Greek physician ; B.C. 400* D.H. 
Apollonides of Sicyon, Gk. polit. ; 2nd cent. B.C. d.h. 
Apollonides, Greek physician ; 1st cent. _ R. 

Apollonides, governor of Argos, and warrior ; 315 D. 
Apollonio, Agostino di S. Angelo in Vado, Italian 

painter of the Eoman school ; 16th cent. t.r. 

Apollonio, Andrea Tafi (Greco Maestro), Italian 

painter ; 13th cent. _'^-^- 

Apollonio, Jacopo da Bassano, Italian painter ; 1584 — 

16.54 B.D.R.T. 

Apollonis, wife of Attalus, king of Pergamus ; b. B.C. 

220* R.D.X. 

Apollonius of Laodlcea, Greek astrologer ^i. 

Apollonius of Chalcis, in Syria, Stoic philosopher R. 
Apollonius, master of Apion, the grammarian K. 

Apollonius of Pergseus (the yreat Geometer), Greek 

mathematician ; B.C. 250 U.R.X. 

Apollonius of Rliodes, Greek poet ; b.c. 180 r.R.x. 
Apollonius of Rhodes, Greek architect, and joint 

sculptor of the Farnese bull ; 1st cent. (?) U.D.X. 
Apollonius of Tarsus, Greek medical writer ; 1st 

cent. B.C. D.U. 

Apollonius of Tyana, Pythagorean philosopher ; d, 

"97 RU. 

Apollonius [Herophilius), Greek physician ; 2nd cent. 

B.C. D-U. 

Apollonius, Glaucus, Greek medical writer; 2nd cent. 

B.C. D.U. 

Apollonius [Molon), Greek orator and rhetorician ; 

1st cent. B.C. D.U. 

Apollonius (the Sophist), Greek lexicographer; 1st 

cent. B.C. D. 

Apollonius (the Animal), Greek medical writer ; 1st 

cent. B.C. D.U. 

Apollonius (the Serpent), Greek medical writer; 1st 

cent. B.C. D.U. 

ApoUonius (Citiensis), of Cyprus, Greek pliysician ; 

B.C. 70* U.U.E. 



Apollonius, bishop of Ephesus ; 190* D.H. 

Apollonius of Naucratis, sophist ; 196 
Apollonius of Athens, sopliist ; 196 
Apollonius, consul of Rome ; 460 H. 

Apollonius, Greek worker in mosaic ; d. 1397 
Apollonius, Lsevinus, Flemish traveller and writer ; 

1510*- 1.570* U.D. 

Apollonius, AVilholm, Dutch theologian ; d. 1657 d.r. 
Apollonius Dyscole, grammarian of Alexandria ; 2nd 

cent. R.u.D.C. 

ApoUonius Stratonius, Greek physician ; 3d cent. 

B.C. D.U. 

ApoUophanes, Greek epic poet K. 

ApoUophaces, Greek writer on medicine R. 

ApoUophanes, Greek comic poet ; B.C. 400* R.D.X. 
ApoUopbanes, physician to Antiochus Soter ; B.C. 
250* D.u.x. 

Aponius, theologian and commentator ; 7th cent. K. 
Apono, or A^oano, Pietro d', Italian professor of medi- 
cine and author ; 1246 — 1320 n.e.D.R.C. 
Aponte, Emmanuele, Spanish Jesuit and missionary ; 
1736—1815 B. 
Apoate, Pedro, Spanish bishop and theologian ; 
1.500* D.Q. 
Aponte, Sebastian d', Spanish sculptor D, 
Aponte, Vascus, Aegidius, Spanish iiistorian and gene- 
alogist ; 1575* Q.D. 
ApostoU, Franc. , Venetian author ; 1746*— 1816 U.D.I. 
Apostoli, Giovanni-Francesco, Ital. poet ; 1570* D.I. 
ApostoU, Petrus ab, or Pedro de los Apostolus, Italian 
theologian ; 1550* D.E. 
ApostoU, Pietro-Francesco degli, Italian theologian 
and preacher; d. 1650* D.I. 
ApostoUus, Aristobule, Greek poet; 1.5th cent. D.Q. 
Apostolius, or Apostole, Michel, Greek rhetorician 
and theologian ; d. 1480'" U.D.C. 
Apostool, Samuel, Dutch Anabaptist theologian ; 
1638—1664 U.D. 
App, Peter- Wilhelm, Germ. hist, painter; 1820 N.D. 
Appel, Jakob, Dutchlandscape yrtr. ; 1680 — 1751 B.u.N. 
Appeldoom, .Jean, Dutchlandscape painter and de- 
signer; 176.5—1838 B. 
AppeUus, Jearc, hist, and poi-trait painter ; 1778 B. 
AppeUus, Johann - Heiuricli, Dutch minister of 
finance ; 1767*- 1828 D.U. 
AppeUSBUS, Olympic victor; B.C. 540 H. 
Appelman, Barent, Dutch landscape painter ; 1640-7- 
1686 B.N. 
Appelmann, Bernard, Dutch landscape painter ; 
1600—1646 u. 
Appelmans, G., Dutch engraver , 1671 b.e. 
Appendini, Francesco-Mario, Italian critic; 1768— 
1837 R.D.s. 
Apperley, Charles- James (Nimrod), English writer on 
field sports ; 1777—1843 D. 
Apperley, Thomas, English physician ; 1731 
Appert, Benjamin-Nicolas-Marie, French philanthro- 
pist and writer ; h. 1797 D.K. 
Appert, Eugene, French painter ; h. 1820 F. 
Appert, Fran9ois, French writer on the preservation 
of viands ; l8th cent. D. 
Appian of Alexandria, Eoman historian ; 100 d.r.c. 
Appiani, Andrea, Italian painter ; 1761—1817 B.U.N. 
Appiani, Andrea, Itahan painter ; h. 1812* b.f. 
Appiani, Francesco, Ital. painter; 1702—1792 b.U.n.t. 
Appiani, Giuseppe, Milanese painter ; 1770* _ N.D. 
Applano, Alessandro d', sovereign of Piombino ; d. 
1589 ^ D. 
Appiano, Em. , sovereign of Piombino ; d. 14.57 D. 
Appiano, Gherardo, seignior of Pisa; 1398 u.D. 
Appiano, Jacopo I. d', tyrant of Pisa ; d. 1398 u.D. 
Appiano, Jacopo II. d', prince of Piombino ; d. 
1440 . . D-U. 
Appiano, Jacopo III. d', sovereign of Piombino ; d. 
1474 D. 
Appiano of Aragon, Jacopo IV. d' ; d. 1511 d. 
Appiano of Aragon, Jacopo V. d' ; d. 1545 u. 



APP 



50 



ARA 



Appiauo of Aragon, Jaco])o VI. d' ; d. 1585 t>. 

Appiano, Jacoi^o VII. d', last sovereign of Piombino ; 
1630 D. 

Appiano, Niccola, Italian painter ; 1510 t.b.n.d. 

Appiano, Paolo-Antonio, Italian Jesuit, historian ; 
1639—1709 I.D.C. 

Appiano, Vanni d', chief of the princes of Pisa ; d. 
1355 D. 

AppiUS,Caius-Claudius, Roman consul; B.C. 460 X.D.U. 

Appius, Claudius-Sabbinus-Regillensis, Roman sena- 
tor and consul ; B.C. 471 D.U. 

Appius, Claudius-Sabinus-Regillensis, Roman consul ; 
B.C. 451 D.U. 

Appius, Claudius-Coecus, Roman censor; 4th cent. 
B.C. D.X. 

Appleby, John de, dean of St Paul's ; 1364 

Appleby, Joseph, English chemist ; d. 1754 

Appleby, Roger, bishop of Ossory, 1401 ; d. 1404 d.l. 

Appleby, Thomas, bp. of Carlisle, 1363; d. 1395 d.l. 

Applegarth, Henry, English lawyer ; 1660 

Appleton, English commodore ; 1653 k.d. 

Appleton, Daniel, Amer. publisher ; 1785—1849 e. 

Appleton, Elizabeth, English writer ; 1816 

Appleton, Jesse, American theologian and author ; 
1772—1819 e.A.D. 

Appleton, Nathaniel, American divine and writer; 
1693-1784 A. 

Appleton, Samuel, American merchant and philan- 
thropist ; 1766—1853 A.e. 

Appleyard, Sir Matt., English militaiy commander; 
1662 

Appolodoro, Francesco {Di Porcia of Friidi), Italian 
portrait painter ; 1606 t.r. 

Appony, Comte Antoine-Rodolphe d', Austrian diplo- 
matist ; b. 1782 D. 

Appreece, John, Welsh antiquary ; 1663 

Appuleius, Lucius, tribune of the plebs ; B.C. 371 D. 

Appuleius, Lucius, Roman ambassador to Alia; B.C. 
156 H.D. 

Appuleius, M., Roman augur; B.C. 20 d.h.u. 

Appuleius, Sextus, Roman consul ; 1st cent. d.H. 

Appylby, Robert, bishop of Lismore and Yv'aterford, 
1405 ; d. 1409 c. 

Apraxin, Fedor-Matvicvitch, Count, Russian admiral ; 
1671—1728 R.U.D. 

Apraxin, Steven-Feodorovitch, Russian field-marshal ; 
1700—1757 u.D. 

Apreece, Sir Thomas Hussey, English public bene- 
factor ; d. 1833 

Apres de ManneviUette, Jean-Baptiste-Nicolas-Denis 
d', Fr. navigator and hydrographer ; 1707 — 1780 u.R. 

Apries, king of Egypt ; B.C. 595* u.D.X. 

Aprile, Giuseppe, Neapolitan mus. ; 1746*— 1798 k.d. 

Apronianus, C. Ventidius, consul of Rome ; 123 H. 

Apronianus, C. Vipstanus, consul of Rome ; 59 H.D. 

Apronius, Vipstanus, consul of Rome ; 118 H. 

Apronianus, consul of Rome ; 168 H. 

Apronianus, consul of Rome ; 191 H. 

Apronianus, Lucius Asturius Secundus, Roman pre- 
fect ; 339 H.D. 

Apronius, Caius, tribune of the people ; 5th cent. h.d. 

Apronius, Csesianus Lucius, consul of Rome ; 39 H.D. 

Apronius, Lucius, consul of Rome ; 8 h.d. 

Aprosio, Angelico, Italian Augustine bibliopolist and 
critical writer ; 1607 — 1681 l.U.D.c. 

Apsandrus, Athenian archon ; B.C. 702 h. 

Apscli,Hieronymus Andreas, Germanongravcr ; 1490 — 
1556 B.R. 

ApsepMon, Athenian archon ; B.C. 470 h. 

Apseudes, Athenian archon ; B.C. 433 h. 

ApshOven,Theodorvan, Dutch ptr. ; 1648*— 1665* D.N. 

Apsines, Greek rhetorician ; B.C. 300 u.R. 

Apsley, Sir Allen, lieut. of the Tower ; d. 1630 K. 

Apsley, Sir Allen, English military commander during 
the ci\Tl wars, and author ; 1619* — 1683 r. 

Apsyrtus, or Absyrtus, Gk. veterinary surgeon R.D. 

Aptliorp, East, American divine ; 1697—1758 a. 



Apthorp, Eustach, English theologian and author ; 

1733—1816 D. 

Apthorp, George H., American missionary to Ceylon ; 

1798-1844 A. 

Apuldore, William ; ex. 1381 

Apuleius, naturalist and writer ; 10 D. 

Apuleius, Lucius, Platonic philosopher and writer ; 

2nd cent. U.D.x. 

Apuleius, L. Csecilius Minutianus, Latin grammarian ; 

580* _ R.D. 

Aqua, Christofano dell' Vicenza, designer and engraver; 

1690—1760* B.u.R. 

Aquaeus, Stephanus, French writer ; d. 1533 d. 

Aquarius, Matthias, Dominican professor of theology 

and author ; d. 1591 i.D. 

Aquaviva. See Acquavlva. 
Aquaviva, Claudio, general of the Jesuits, pietistical 

author; 1543—1615 R.U.C. 

Aquila, Greek Jewish proselyte, translator of the Old 

Testament; 85 U.D. 

Aquila, architect and scholar ; 2nd cent. u. 

Aquila, Roman rhetorician ; 4th cent. D.U. 

Aquila, o?- Adler, Caspar, German theologian ami 

preacher ; 1488—1500 R.D. 

Aquila, Eugenulf de, English warrior ; d. 1066 
Aquila, Francesco Faraone, Italian designer and en- 
graver ; b. 1676 B. R. 
Aquila, Giorgio (Maestro Giorgio di Firenze), painter ; 

1320 B. 

Aquila, Giovanni dell', Italian physician ; d. 1510 D. R. 
Aquila, Julius, Roman jurist; 5th cent. D. 

Aquila, Pietro, painter and engraver of Palermo ; 

1724—1795 B.u.R.T. 

Aquila, Pompeo dell', Neapolitan painter ; 16th cent. 

T. B. u. 
Aquilano, or Aquilanus, Sebastiano, Italian physi- 
cian ; d. 1513 I. u.D. 
Aquilano, Serafino, Italian jioet and improvisatore ; 

1466—1500 I.U.C. 

Aquilanus, engraver ; 1570 R. 

Aquiles, Juan, Spanish sculptor; 16th cent. I.D. 

Aquilinius, consul of Rome ; 102 H. 

Aquilinius, consul of Rome ; 249 h. 

Aquilinius, Laei-t. Herminius, Roman con. ; B.C. 448 h. 
Aquilinius, T. Henninius, consul of Rome ; B.C. 506 h. 
AquUinius, T. Vettius, consul of Rome ; 125 H. 

Aquilinius, Vettius, consul of Rome ; 286 H. 

Aquilius, C. Gallus, Roman jurist and praetor ; B.C. 

40* D.R.X. 

Aquilius, Henri, Belgian polygrapher ; 16th cent. d. 
Aquilius, Sabinus (the Gato of Ids o.ge), Roman lawyer 

and consul; 3d cent. u.R. 

AquiUus, M., Roman consul ; B.C. 129 u.R.x. 

Aquin, Louis Claude d', French organist ; 1694 or 8 — 

1772 u.D.c. 

Aquin, or Aquino, Philippe d', French rabbi, professor 

of Hebrew, and author ; d. 1650 O.u.c. 

Aquin de Chateau-Lyon, Pierre-Louis, French poet 

and litterateur ; d. 1797 u.F.c. 

Aquinas, St Thomas (the Angelical Doctor), divine and 

commentator ; 1224 or 7 — 1274 C.r.d.u.p. 

Aquino, Carlo d', Italian Jesuit, savant, and author ; 

1654—1740 i.u.c. 

Aquirre, Jaun Saens d', Spanish cardinal and theolo- 
gian ; 1630—1699 U. 
Arabi, Mohieddin - Mohammed-ben -Ali - ben - el -Arabi, 

Arabian theologian and author ; d. 1240 D. 

Arabin, William St Julian, English lawyer ; d. 1841 
Arabius, Scholasticus, Greek poet and epigrammatist ; 

6th cent. D.R. 

Arablay, or Arrablay, Pierre d', chancellor of France, 

cardinal ; d. 1346 D. 

Arab-Shah, Ahmed Ebn Mohammed Arabshah Ebn 

Abd' allah Al Haneifi, Arabian historian, jurist, and 

philosopher; d. 1450 U.R.c. 

Arachiele, Cacciaturo, Armenian theologian and phil- 
osopher ; d. 1740 D.y. 



AHA 



51 



ARC 



Aradillas, Alfr. Gonzalez, Spanish theol. ; 1()50* D.Q. 

Aradon de Quinipily, Jerome, Fr. general ; 1597 U. D. 

Aragazzoni, Giacomo, Venetian physician ; 1471 1.D.Q. 

Arago, Alfred, French painter ; 1845 F. 

Arago, Dominique-Francois, French academician, phj'- 
sicist, and astronomer ; 1786 — 1853 D. 

Arago, Emmanuel, French advocate and representa- 
tive; h. 1812 F.D. 

Arago, Etieune, French journalist and dramatic author; 
h. 1803 D.M. 

Arago, Jacques-Etieune-Victor, French savant and 
traveller; b. 1790 F.D. 

Arago, Jean, French general ; 1788—1836 D. 

Aragon, Alfonso d', Spanish Jesuit and grammarian ; 
1585—1629 u.Q. 

Aragon, or Boria, Alph., Spanish monk and theolo- 
gian ; 17th cent. D.Q.U. 
. Aragon, Fernando d', archbishop of Saragossa, Span- 
ish historian ; d. 1575 p.Q. 

Aragon, Fernando-Ximenes, Portuguese theologian ; 
1610* D. 

Aragon, Jeanne d', princess of Tagliacozzo, celebrated 
for her beauty, wisdom, and courage ; d. 1577" D.U. 

Aragon, Jo-Pizarre, Spanish philosopher ; 1620* D.Q. 

Aragon, Juan, Spanish painter ; 1570* B.D.N. 

Aragon, Martino d', duke of Hermola, Spanish numis- 
matist ; 16th cent. D. 

Aragon, Petro d', Spanish monk and theol. ; 1595* D. 

Aragon, Tullia d', Italian poetess ; 1510—1565 U.I.C. 

Aragona, Simone-Tagliaoia d', Sicilian cardinal and 
author ; 1550— 1604 l.D.Q. 

Aragonese, Sebastiano, Italian designer and anti- 
quary; d. 1561* N.u.T. 

Araignon, Jean Louis, French advocate and author ; 
18th cent. D.R.u. 

Araja, Francisco, Italian music composer ; 1700— 
1759* K.u.D. 

Araktcheev, Count Alexis Andrecvicht, Eussian gene- 
ral; 1767-1834 E.G. 

Araldi, Alessandro, of Parma, Italian painter ; 1470 — 

1528 T.B.U.D. 

Araldi, Michele, Italian physiologist and mathemati- 
cian; 1740—1813 u.K.D. 

Araldus, Jo. Franc, Italian Jesuit, theologian ; 1522— 
1.599 D.Q. 

Aram, Eugene, English schoolmaster and murderer ; 
b. 1704 ; ex. 1759 </.u.R.c. 

Aram, Peter, English poet ; 1733 

Arama, Meir ben Isaac, Spanish rabbi and sacred 
writer; 17th cent. D.o. 

Aramon, Gabriel de Luetz, Baron d', French diploma- 
tist ; d. 1553 u.R.D. 

Aram-Shah, 2ud of the Patau mouarchs of Delhi ; 
1210 K. 

Aran, F. A. , French physician ; b. 1816 _ f. 

Arana, Antonio, Spanish Jesuit and biographer ; 
1588—1650 D.Q. 

Aranas, Hyacinto, Spanish Carmelite and author; 
1708 _ _ u.Q. 

Aranda, Antonio, Spanish author ; 1545 li. 

Aranda, Francesco, Spanish sculptor ; 1500 D. 

Aranda, Juan, Spanish sculptor ; 1500 D. 

Aranda, Juan de, Spanish writer ; 16th cent. D.E.Q. 

Aranda, Matteo, Spanish musician d.k. 

Aranda, Pedro Abarca y Bolea, Count of, Spanish 
states-man and ambassador ; 1718 — 1799 ^ u.K.D. 

Aranda de Duero, Spanish traveller ; d. 1555 d. 

Aranda, Dell' Sessa d', Italian monk and music com- 
poser; 16th cent. D.K. 

Arandas, Gaspar, Spanish jeweller ; 1700* D. 

Arantius, Julius-Cajsar, Italian anatomist and physi- 
cian ; 1530— 1589 C.U.D. 

Arany, Janos, Hungarian poet ; h. 181 9 F. 

Araros of Athens, comic poet ; b.c. 375 E.H.x. 

Arastagnus, king of Britany ; 8th cent. D. 

Arator, Ligurian poet, and intendant of finances ; 
490-556 U.I.D.C. 



Aratus of Sicyon, Achaean general and historian ; B.C. 
271-213 U.R.X. 

Aratus of Soles, Cilicia, astronomer and poet ; 6. B. c. 
277 _ u. 

Araujo, Antonio, Portuguese author and lexicogra- 
pher; 1566—1632 D. 

Araujo, Edouard, Portuguese biog. ; 16th cent. D Y. 

Araujo, or Arauro, Francisco di Correa, Spanish 
organist and musician ; d. 1663 D.K.E. 

Araujo, Joze Boreas, Portuguese philosopher and 
author; 1667—1743 d.Y. 

Araujo, Pedro de, Spanish sculptor ; 1700 D. 

Araujo d'Azevedo, Antonio, Portuguese statesman ; 
1752 or 84-1817 r.u.d. 

Arauxo, Salgado, Portuguese ecclesiastic and histo- 
rian ; 1605* Q. D. 

Arhaces, founder of tlie Median empire ; 9th cent. 

B.C. U.D.X. 

Arbanere, Etiennc Gabriel, French litt. ; b. 1784 F. 

Arbasia, Cesare, of Snluzzo, painter ; d. Irtl4 t.b.U.B. 

Arbaud de Porcheres, Francois, French poet and 
academician; d. 1040 U.D.c. 

Arbetion, or Arbetio, Roman general, consul ; 355 

Artalay {Frances Burnei/], Madam d", English dramatic 
authoress and novelist ; 1752—1840 D.K. 

Arbogast, St, bishop of Strasbourg; d. 678 r.d. 

Arbogast, Louis-Frangois-Antoine, French mathema- 
tician and analy.st ; 1759—1803 R.U. 

Arbogastes, Homan general and prefect ; d. 394 u.D. 

Arbois, JIarie Henri d', French archivist ; b. 1827 F. 

Arbois de Jubainville, Marie Henri d', French archse- 
ologist ; b. 1827 

Arboreus, Jean, French theologian ; 1520 D. 

Arborio Biamino, Pietro, Italian economist and magis- 
trate ; 1767—1811 R.D. 

Arborio de Gattinara, Augelo Antonio, archbishop of 
Turin ; 1658—1743 R.D. 

Arborio de Gattinara, Giovanni ]\Iei'curino, Italian 
ecclesiastic and author ; 1685 — 1743 R. D. 

Arborio de Gattinaria, Mercurio, Italian jurist and 
diplomatist ; 1465-1530 U.D. 

Arborius, ^Emilius Magnus, Roman astronomer and 
mathematician; d. 335* R.D. 

Arborius, Cwcilius Argicius, mathematician and astro- 
loger of Gaul ; 264 D. 

Arbrissel, Robert el', French preacher, founder of the 
abbey of Fontevrault ; 1047—1117 D.U. 

Arbuckle, Friar, English opponent of Knox ; 1539 

Arbuckle, James, Scottisli poet ; 1700—1734 U.D.C. 

Arbuckle, Matthew, American officer ; 17(5—1851 e.A. 

Arbue, Pedro, Spanish inciiusitor ; d. 1486 

Arbulo Mai'gavete, Pedro, Spanish painter ; 1608 D. 

Arbuthnot, Alexander, Scottish lawyer and reformer ; 
1538—1583 E.D.C. 

Arbuthnot, or Arbuthnet, Alexander, Scottish printer; 
d. 1585 D. 

Arbuthnot, Alexander, bishop of Killaloe and Kil- 
fenora, 1823 ; b. 1769, d. 1828 c. 

Arbuthnot, Archibald, English biographer ; 1746 

Arbuthnot, Charles, English classical scholar ; d. 1731 

Arbuthnot, Charles, abbot of Eatisbon ; d. 1820 

Arbuthnot, Charles, English politician ; d. 1850 

Arbuthnot, John, Scottish physician, wit, and writer ; 
1675—1734 or 5 C.R. 

Arbuthnot, Mariot, English admiral ; 1711*— 1794 r. 

Arc, Joan of {the maid of Orleans), French female en- 
thusiast ; 1412*-1431 D.R.C.U. 

Arc, PhUippe Auguste de Sante-Foix, chevalier d', 
French litt., son of the count of ToiUouse ; d. 1779 D. 

Area, Lionardo della, Italian engraver; 1600 R.B. 

Arcadelt, Jacques, Flemish musician ; 1540 D.K. 

Arcadio, Alexandre, writer on medicine and politics , 
1625 B.D. 

Arcadio, Giovanni Francesco, Piedmontese physician ; 
d. 1620 D-R- 

Arcadius, grammarian of Antioch ; 3d cent. B.C. -U.R. 

Arcadius, emp. of Constantinople (395) ; 377 — 408 K.u, 



ARC 



52 



AUG 



Arcadius [Thaumastorlta), bishojo of Constance, in the 
island of Cyprus ; 8tli cent. D. 

Arcseus, Francisco, Spanish physician and medical 
author; 1494—1575 li.D. 

Arcano, Giovanni (II Mauro), Italian burlesque poet ; 
1500*— 1535* u.l.D. 

Arcasio, Giovanni Francisco, Italian jurist; 1712 — 
1791 u.D. 

Arce, Spanish painter ; 1581 D. 

Arce, Don Caledonio de, Spanish sculp. ; 1739 — 1795 U. 

Arce, Josef, Spanish sculptor ; 1657 D. 

Arcere, Antoine, French orientalist U. 

Arcere, Louis-Etienne, French hist. ; 1698—1782 u.D.C. 

Arcesilas, Greek sculptor ; 6th cent. B.C. D. 

Arcesilaus I., son of Battus I., king of Cyi-ene; B.C. 
599—583 D.x. 

Arcesilaus II., king of Cyrene d.x. 

Arcesilaus III., king of Cyrene ; d. B.C. 514* D.X. 

Arcesilaus IV., last king of Cyrene ; d. B.C. 481 D.x. 

Arcesilaus of Pharos, Greek encaustic painter ; 5th 
cent. B.C. U.K. 

Arcesilaus, or Arcesilas, Athenian plulosoi^her ; b.c. 
316*— 241 u.D.x. 

Arcesilaus, Roman sculptor; b.c. 65 u.D.x. 

Arcesilaus, consul of Rome ; 267 H.C. 

Arch, John, Cherokee Indian interpreter; 1798 — 
1825 A. 

Archa, Eleizar Ben Isaac, rabbi and .physician of Heb- 
ron, in Palestine D. 

Archseanactidse, king of Bosporus ; b.c. 480 h. 

Archagatus, Greek surgeon at Home ; B.C. 219 E.u. 

Archange de Clermont, French historian ; 17th cent. D. 

Archange de Lyon, French ecclesiastic and preacher ; 
17th cent. D. 

Archange de Rouen, French Franciscan theologian 
and author ; 1700* D. 

Archangele de Bourgneuf, or Archangelus de Bur- 
gonovo, Italian Mniorite theol. and writer ; 1550 i. D. 

Archangelus, or De Archangelo, Ottavio, Italian 
poet ; 1620* i.D. 

Archanjos, Dos, Portuguese eccles. ; 1G32— 1682 d.y.q. 

Arcliasillisius, physician of Rhodes D. 

Archbald, Thomas, English loyalist divine ; 1623 

Archbold, Edward, English author ; 1601 q. 

Archbold, John, English divine ; 1621 

Archdale, John, governor of Carolina ; 1695* A.C.D.e. 

Archdall, Jlervj-u, Irish Protestant divine and anti- 
quary ; 1723—1791 E.(/. 

Archdeacon, Daniel, English translator ; 1588 

Archdeacon, John, English printer ; d. 1795 

Archdekin [Mac Gilla Cuddy), Richard, Irish Jesuit 
and author ; 1619— 1690 K.p. 

Arche, Natalis-Eudes de L', French hist. ; 1710 D. 

Archebulus of Thebes, Greek lyric poet ; 3d cent. 

B.C. X.R. 

Archedamus of Tarsus, Archedemus, or Archide- 

mus, Greek Stoic philosopher r.X. 

Archedlce, grand-daughter of Pisistrates, husband of 

Leon tides ; 6th cent. B.C. D. 

Archedicus, Greek writer of comedy ; B.C. 302 R.n. 
Archelaus, grandson of Orestes ; B.C. 1088 [mythical) Yi. 
Archclaus, king of Laceda3mon ; B.C. 883— 823 h.d. 
Arehelaus, Greek poet and alchemist ; 5th cent.* d. 
Archelaus, bisliop of Csesarea ; 5th cent. D. 

Archelaus, Greek philosopher, in-eceptor of Socrates ; 

B.C. 450 K.X. 

Archelaus, governor of Mesopotamia ; 4th cent. B.C. d. 
Archelaus, Greek geographej- ; 4th cent. B.C. d. 

Archelaus, k. of Macedon, b.c. 413 ; c^. b.c. 399 u.D.x. 
Archelaus, Greek poet in Egypt ; 4th cent.* B.C. d. 
Archelaus, ethnarch of Judaea; A.D. 4 U.D.X. 

Archelaus {the Capxxidocian), general of Mithridates ; 

B.C. 85 D.X. 

Archelaus, king of Egjrpt ; d. B.C. 56 u.D.x. 

Archelaus, king of Cappadocia ; d. B.C. 17 R. U.D.x. 
Archelaus, Greek sculptor ; 25* u. r. 

Archelaus, bishop of Cascara, in Mesopotamia ; 277 D. 



Archemachus, Greek writer E.D. 

Archenholz, or Arkenholz, Johann, Swedish historian ; 

1695—1777 R.u. 

Archenholz, Johann AYLlhelm von, German historian ; 

1741 or 5—1812 G.U.D. 

Archer, Andrew, English divine ; 1704 
Archer, Clement, English surgeon ; 1798 
Archer, Edmund, English divine ; d. 1739 
Archer, Edward, English physician ; d, 1789 
Archer, EHas, English historian ; 1643 
Archer, Frederick Scott, English inventor of collodian 

process ; d. 1857 
Archer, Gabriel, English voyager ; 1602 
Archer, Henry, English historian ; d. 1585 
Archer, Henry, English divine ; 1641 
Archer, James, Catholic divine ; 1794 
Archer, John, English military commander; d. 1463 
Archer, John, Enghsh judge ;' 1598*— 1682 /. 

Archer, John, the last person racked in England; 1640 
Archer, John, English preacher ; 1661 
Archer, John, physician to Charles II. of England, 

and author; 17th cent. D.Q. 

Archer, Sir John, English judge ; d. 1681 
Archer, John, English dissenting minister ; d. 1735 
Archer, John Wykeham, Eng. painter ; 1806- 1864 B.M. 
Archer, Sir Simon, English antiquai-y ; 1581 R. 

Archer, Stevenson, American judge ; d. 1843 A. 

Archer, Thomas, English military commander ; d. 1425 
Archei", Dr Tliomas, cliaplain in ordinary to King 

James I. ; 1553—1630 E. 

Archer, Thomas, Scotch divine ; ex. 1685 
Archer, Thomas, English military commander; d. 1685 
Archer, Thomas, English actor and dramatist ; d. 1848 
Archer, Thomas, English architect ; 1745 E.D.gr. 

Arches, Athenian .archon ; B.C. 393 H. 

Archestratides, Athenian archon ; B.C. 577 H. 

Archestratus of Gela oi- Syracuse, Greek poet ; 4th 

cent. B.C. u.R.D. 

Archestratus, Athenian general ; B. c. 407 D. 

Archetimus, or Archidemus, of Syracuse, philosopher 

and historian R. 

Archevesque, Hue, French troubadour ; 13th cent. d. 
Archiac, Etienne Jules Adolphe Desmier de Saint 

Simon, Vicomted', Frencli geologist ; b. 1802 D.r. 
Archiadas, or Archiadss, Greek philosopher; 5th 

cent. D. 

Archiadas, or Archiades {the Younger), Platonic phil- 
osopher ; 5th cent. D. 
Archianus, king of Babylon ; B.C. 709 H. 
Archias of Coriath, founder of Syracuse ; B.C. 733* D.X. 
Archias, Athenian archon; B.C. 419 
Archias, Athenian archon ; B. c. 346 
Archias, Greek architect; B.C. 240 
Archias of Antioch, Greek poet ; b. c. 
Archibald, bishop ot Caithness, 1275 ; 
Archibald, bishop of Moray, 1253 ; d. 
Archibald, earl of Angus, lord chan. of Scotland; 1493 
Archibald, earl of Argyle, lord chan. of Scotland ; 1572 
Archibald, Robert, English professor of philosophy at 

Paris ; d. 1577 
Archicantor, John, missionary to the Anglo-Saxons ; 

679 
Archidamia, daughter of Eleonymas, king of Sparta 
Archidamia, daughter of Cleades, Greek lieroine R. 
Archidamus, Greek physician; .5th cent. B.C. E.D. 
Archidamus I., king of Sparta; B.C. 620 X. U.R.D. 
Archidamus II. ; d. b.c. 427 x.u.d.r. 

Archidamus III., b.c. 361; d. 338 x.u.d.e. 

Archidamus IV. ; b.c. 296 x.u.d.e. 

Archidamus V. ; b.c. 240 x. 

Archidemides, Athenian archon ; B.C. 464 H. 

Archigenes, Greek physician at Rome ; 117* U.E.D. 
Archilochus of Paros, Greek lyric poet ; B.C. 714*— 

676* E.U.D. 

Archilochus, Olympic victor; B.C. 544 h. 

Archimedes of Syracuse, geometrician; B.C. 287— 

212 X.R.D.U. 





H. 




H. 




U. 


120* 


U.D. 


d. 1288 


k. 


1298 


k. 



AUG 



53 



AUD 



ArcMmelus, Greek poet and epigrammatist ; 3d cent. 

B.C. D.K. 

Archinta, Margherita, Milanese poetess; ICtli cent. 
Archinto, Alessandro, Italian theologian and author ; 

d. 1567 G.D.I. 

Archinto, Alessandro, Italian Jesuit and polygraph er ; 

1577-1645 D.G.I. 

Archinto, Ambroise or Giovanni, Italian author ; 

1518 . G.D.I. 

ArcMnto, Carlo, Count, son of Filippo Archinto, one 

of the founders of tlie Palatine society ; 1669 — 

1731 C. U.D.I. 

ArcMnto, Carlo Antonio, Italian canon and author ; 

17th cent. U.D.I. 

Archinto, Filippo, abp. of Jlilan ; 1500—1558 G.D.i. 
ArcMnto, Filippo, Italian jurist, author, and politi- 
cian ; 1649—1694* D.I. 
• Archinto, Girolamo, abp. of Tarse ; 1671*— 1721 D.G.I. 
Archinto, Giuseppe, cardinal, archbishop of Milan and 

author; 1651—1712 G.D.I. 

Archinto, Ottavio, Milanese count and author ; 16th 

cent. n E.C. 

Arciiinusof Ccele, in Attica, Athenian warrior; B.C. 

402 D.R. 

Archippus, Athenian archon; B.C. 1041 H. 

ArcMppus, Greek poet ; B.C. 415 D.R.X. 

Archippus, Athenian archon; B.C. 318 H. 

ArcMta, Italian painter ; 1560— 1G35 D. 

ArcMtO, Alberico, archbishop of Nice and governor of 

Eome; 1698—1758 d.g. 

Archon, Louis, French savant, chaplain to Louis XIV. ; 

1645—1717 p.u.D.c. 

Archytas of Tarentum, Greek philosopher, general, 

mathematician, and statesman ; h. B.C. 408 X.k.u.d. 
Arcimboldi.Antouello, Italian ecclesiastic and author; 

d. 1578 T.N.D. 

Arcimboldi, Giovanni, Italian cardinal and archbishop 

of Milan ; d. 1491 I.D. 

Arcimboldi, Giuseppe, Milanese ptr. ; 1533— 1593 t.b.n. 
Arcimboldi, Gui Antonio, archbishop of Milan ; d. 

1497 D.I. 

Axcimboldi, Octavio, abp. of Milan ; 1471—1503* i.d. 
Arcimboldo, Giovanni Angelo, archbishoi) of Milan ; 

1485—1555 k.d. 

Arciou, Roman surgeon ; 41 K. 

Arcioni, Danielo, of Milan, goldsmith, worker in 

Niello ; 15th cent. D.B.N.T. 

Arcis, Marc, French sculptor; d. 1741* n.d. 

Arciszewski, Krzysztof, governor-general of Brazil ; 

d. 1668 R.D. 

Arco, Alexis or Alonzo del (el Sordillo de Pcrcda), 

Spanish painter ; 1625—1700 B.D. 

Arco, Felipe, Spanish ambassador to the coui-t of Ba- 
varia ; 1740- 1805 u. 
Arco, Giambattista Gherardo d', Italian miscellaneous 

writer ; 1739— 1791 r.d.s. 

Arco, Nicolo, Count d', Tyrolean Latin poet and privy 

councillor ; 1479— 1546 I.U.Q.C. 

Arco, Philippe, gen. of the imperial troops ; d. 1704 D. 
Arco, Philipiie, German diplomatist ; 1775—1805 D. 
Arcoleo, Antonio, Italian poet ; 1680 l.D.Q. 

Arcon, John-Claude Eleonor le Michaud d', French 

military ensineer; 1733 — 1800 D.u. 

Arconati, II Padre, Italian ecclesiastic and music com- 
poser ; 1610" — 1657 k.d. 
Arconati, Italian Jesuit, scholar ; 1675 — 1702 i.d. 
Arconatus, Hieronymus, German soldier and poet ; 

1553—1599 D. 

Ar^oni, Caesar d', French physician, advocate to the 

parliament of Bordeaux ; c?. 1681 U.D. 

ArconvlUe, Marie Genevieve Charlotte, French scholar 

and authoress ; 1720 — 1805 D.R. 

Arcos, Cristofer, Spanish ecclesiastic and translator ; 

1520 D. 

Arcos, D. llodrigo Ponz de Leon, Duke of, viceroy of 

Naples ; d. 1648* D. 

Arctinus of Miletus, Greek poet ; B.c 776* d.x. 



Arcudi, Alessandro Tommaso, Italian Dominican and 

satiric author ; 1655—1718 r.u. 

Arcudio, Pietro, ecclesiastic of Corfu; 1570—1633 

or 7 D.E.C. 

Arculanus, or Herculanus, Joannes [Arcolani, or Er- 

colani), Italian physician and author ; 15th cent. E. 
Arculfe, Gallic bishop, traveller to the Holy Land ; 

7th cent. e^u, 

Arcussia, Charles d', French writer on falconry': 

1547—1617* e.d! 

Arcy, Patrick d', Irish mathematician, and military 

engineer in the French army ; 1725—1779 U.K. 

Arcy, Sir Roger d', lord justice of Ireland ; 1346 
Ardaburius, general under Theodosius II. ; 421 K.D. 
Ardaburius, consul of Rome ; 447 h. 

Ardashe8r-Babekan(4»-toa;e>-xcs), king of Persia, and 

author; d. 260* e.u. 

Ardavan, or Ardewan, the name of two kings of 

Persia ^^ 

Ardee, Jacques d', Flem. monk and author.; 1615 E.P.D*. 
ArdeU, James Mac, Irish engraver; 1710*— 1765 b.n.D. 
Ardemans, Teodoro, Spanish architect and sculptor : 

1664-1726 e.b! 

Arden, Edward, Englishman executed for treason ; 

1532—1583 K.C. 

Arden, John, prebendary of York ; 1559 
Arden, Richard Pepper, Lord Alvanley ; master of the 

roUs (1788) ; 1745—1804 /.e.c. 

Arden, Thomas, English divine ; 1.558 q. 

Ardene, Esprit-Jean de Rome d', French poet ; 1684— 

1748 u.D.c. 

Ardene, Jean Paul de Rome d', French ecclesiastic and 

writer on botany ; 1689-1769 K.u.C. 

Ardenne, or Arduenna, Remade d', French Latin 

poet; 1480—1524 r.d. 

Ardente, Alessandro, of Faenza, Italian historical and 

portrait painter ; d. 1595 K.B.r.t. 

Ardern, John, English surgeon ; 1350 k.d.c, 

Ardem, John, English architect ; 1448 
Arderne, James, English divine, dean of Chester ; d. 

1691 E.D.C. 

Arderne, John, Eng. baron of the Exchequer; 1444 f. 
Arderne, Peter, chief baron of the Exchequer ; 1461 /. 
Arderon, William, English natural philosopher ; 1763 
Ardes, Malcolm, Carmelite ; 1384 
Ardesoif, John, English cock-fighter ; f7. 1789 
Ardfiath, or Affiat, abji. of Armagh, 793-4 ; d. 794 c. 
Ardgene, St, bishop of Foure ; 765 c. 

Ardices of Corinth, Greek painter r.d. 

Ardicim, Luigi, Italian agriculturalist; 1739—1833 K. 
Ardigne de la Chasse, Charles, Marquis d', French 

representative ; b. 1791 
Ardingelli, Nicola, Italian cardinal ; d. 1547 D. 

Ardisheer II., or Artaxer, king of Persia ; d. 383 
Ardishir, king of Persia ; d. 629 
Arditi, Luigi, Italian music composer and operatic 

conductor in England ; b. 1825 
Ardizon, Jacopo, Italian jurist ; 14th cent. I.Q. 

Ardizzon, or Ardizzoni, Antonio, Ifaliun writer ; d. 

1699 _ I.D. 

Ardizzoni, Fabrizio, Italian physician, medical writer; 

17th cent. i.d. 

Ardley, George^ English poet ; 1803 
Ardoina, Anne Maria, Italian poetess ; 1672—1700 i.d. 
Ardorna, Benjamin, German rabbi and writer ; 16th 

cent. o.D. 

Arduasdes, king of Armenia ; B.C. 10 H. 

Arduini, or Arduino, Ludovico, Italian agriculturalist 

and writer ; 1759— 1833 D.s. 

Arduini, Pietro, Italian botanist, professor of agricul- 
ture and rural economy E.U. 
Arduinis, Suntes della {Arduino de Bologna), Italian 

painter and engraver ; 1515 R.N.d. 

Arduino, or Ardoini, Italian physician and author ; 

15th cent. E.l. 

Arduino, Maestro, Italian architect and sculptor ; 

15th cent. D. 



ARD 



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Arduinus, marchese d' Iviea, king of Italy, 1002 ; d. 
1015 U.K. 

Ardulf, or Eadulf, archbishop of Canterbury ; d. 1002 
Ardys, king of Lydia ; B.C. 678 k.d.X. 

Are - Frode, or TliorgUsen, of Iceland, historian ; 
10G8— 1148 R.u. 

Aregio, Pablo, Spanish painter; 1506 N.u. 

Aregon, Corintliian painter D. 

Areis of Alexandria, Stoic philosopher and friend of 
Octavianus Ctesar D.K. 

Arellano, Spanish monk and author ; 17th cent. E. 
Arellano, Gil Ramirez de, Spauisli councillor, presi- 
dent of the Inquisition, and author K.D. 
Arellano, Juan de, Span, painter ; 1614—1676 B.U.R. 
Arellano, Miguel Gomez de, Spanish knight of Santi- 
ago, writer on canon iind civil law ; 17th cent. K. 
Arellano, Ramirez de, writer on Span, orthography R. 
Arellius, Roman painter ; 1st cent. h.b. 
Arembergli, Augustus Marie Raymond, German colo- 
nel ; 1753-1833 K. 
Arerabergh, Carl Leopold, Austrian field-marshal ; 
1757 D. 
Arembergli, Le P. Charles d', French Capuchin and 
author, son of Cliaiies de Ligne ; 1593—1669 D.Q. 
Arembergh, Johaun de Ligne, Count of, German offi- 
cer ; d. 1568 U. 
Arembergh, Ludwig Engelbert, Dk. of ; 1750— 1820 d. r. 
Arembergli, Prosper Ludwig, Duke of, French senator; 
1785-1820* D. 
Arena, Antoine d', Fr. jurist and poet ; d. 1544 u.R.C. 
Arena, Barthelemy, Corsican oificer and politician ; 
1775—1829 F.R. 
Arena, Jacopo, Italian jurist and author; 1300 I.D.C. 
Arena, Giuseppe, Ital. music composer ; 1720* K.D. 
Arena, Giuseppe, French (Corsican) consi)irator and 
revolutionist ; d. 1802 F.u. 
Arena, Joseph, French general and representative; 
d. 1802 U. 
Arenales, Joze, American geographer, lieutenant- 
colonel of artillery ; b. 1790 D.F. 
Arend, o;- Arents, Balthazar, German theol.; d. 1687 d. 
Areud, or Are its, Caius, German theologian and 
author; 1614—1691 D. 
Arends, Jan, Dutch painter ; 1738—1805 N.B.D. 
Arends, Thomas, Dutch poet ; 1652—1700 r.n.u. 
Arendt, Martin-Friedrich, Danish antiqiuiry and tra- 
veller ; 1769—1824 U.R. 
Arendts, Ludwig, German jurist ; h. 1805 D. 
Are ahold, G. I. , German portrait painter R. 
Areaius, or Arrhenius, Swedish portrait painter K. 
Areas, Franz Joseph, Baron von, German administra- 
tor ; 1779—18.55 F. 
Areasbeck, Pehr Deitrich, Swedish classical scholar 
and orientalist ; d. 1673 Q. v.. 
Areobinda, consul of Rome ; 434 h. 
Areobinda, consul of Rome ; 506 H. 
Aresas, Pytliagorean ijhilosopher of Lucania R.i), 
Aresi, Paolo, Italian theologian, philosopher, and rhe- 
torician ; 1574*— 1644 l.R.c. 
Areskin, or Erskine, Robert, English physician to 
Peter the Great ; d. 1718 R. 
Areson, John, bp, and poet of Iceland; 1484—1550 B. 
Aresti, Floriano, Italian organist and music composer ; 
17th cent. D.K. 
Aretseus, physician of Cappadocia and author k.d.x. 
AretapMla of Cyrene, Greek lieroine r.d. 
Aretas I., king of Arabia Petnea ; B.C. 170 D.K. 
AretasII. (PlulkeUenc); B.C. 106—79 d. 
Aretas III. ; a.d. 30* D. 
Arete, daugiiter of Aristippus ; B.C. SGO*' R.D.x. 
Aretee, Daniel, German sculptor ; 1455 d.n. 
Arethas, or Aretas, Greek theologiau, archbishop of 
Ctesarea, in Cappadocia ; 1570* D. 
Arethas, Greek ecclcsiiistic ; lOLh cent. D. 
Aretin, Angelo, Ital. jiuist and author ; loth cent. D.I. 
Aretin, Buonaguida, or Boua^uida de Arretio, Italian 
jurist; 13th cent, ld. 



Aretin, Johaun- A dam. Baron, German litterateur and 
statesman; 1769—1822 U.D. 

Areti.i, Johann-Christoph-Friedrich, German littera- 
teur and statesman ; 1773 — 1824 U.D. 

Aretin, Johann Georg, Baron, German political econo- 
mist ; b. 1771 D. 

Aretin, Karl Maria, Viscount von, German historian ; 
6. 1796 F. 

Aretino, Andrea, Italian painter ; 17th cent. T. 

Aretico, Guido, Italian musician ; 1022 C. 

Aretino, Pietro, Ital. satiric poet ; 1492—1.557 D.K.C. 

Aretino, Spinello, Italian painter ; 1328—1400 T. 

Aretius, Benedict, Swiss hellenist, theologian, botan- 
ist, and author ; 1505* — 1574 d.r.C. 

Aretusi, Cesare (Munuri degli Arctusi), Bolognese his- 
torical and portrait painter ; 1580* — 1612 D.B.T. 

Areus I., Agidan k. of Lacedsemon ; d. B.C. 265 H.U.R. 

Axeus II. ; b. c. 256 h. 

Arezzo, Betrico, Italian poet l.D. 

Arezzo, Claude Maria (.4rf^!Ms), Italian Latin scholar, 
author, and poet ; 1520* D.i. 

Arezzo, Francesco d', Italian Franciscan author ; 
1.553—1616 i.D. 

Arezzo, Guittone d', Italian poet ; d. 1294 i.D. 

Arezzo, Scipioni Burali d', Italian cardinal ; 1511 — 
1578 I.D. 

Arezzo, Tommaso, Italian cardinal ; 1756—1832 R.D. 

Arfastus, bishop of Helniham and Thetford, lord 
chancellor of England, 1068 ; d. 1084 p.f. 

Arfberg, Heinrich Dusner Von, grand-master of the 
Teutonic knights in Prussia ; 1345 

Arfe, Antonio, embosser on silver ; 1544 D. 

Arfe, Henrique, German silver embosser in Spain ; 
1517 D. 

Arfe, Juan de, Spanish sculptor; 1603 — 1666 U.R. 

Arfe, Juan de Arfe y Villano, Spanish goldsmith and 
sculptor; 1535—1595 R.U. 

Arflan, Antonio de, Spanish painter; 1551* d.b. 

Arfvedson, Johan A., Swedish chemist and discoverer; 
1792—1841 

Arfwidsson, Swedish engraver of portraits R. 

Argseus I., k. of Macedon ; 8th or 7th cent. B.C. X.D. 

Argaeus II., pretender to the crown of Macedon ; B.C. 
393 X.D. 

Argaiz, Gregorio, Spanish Benedictine .monk and 
author; 17th cent. D.R. 

Argall, John, English theologian and author ; 1540^ 

1(506 O.R.D.C. 

Argall, Richard, English religious poet o.r.d.C. 

Argall, Samuel, deputy governor of Virginia ; 1617 A. 

Argand, i!dnie, Swiss physician and chemist; d. 
1803 U.D. 

Arganston, .John, English scient. investigator ; 1683 

Argautbonius, king of Tartesso, in Spain ; 6th cent. 
B.C. D.X. 

Argelander, Friederich - Willem - August, Prussian 
astrononier ; b. 1799 M. 

Argellati, Filippo, Italian painter and bibliographer ; 
1685—1755 I.U.C. 

Argeliati, Francesco, Italian engineer, writer on juris- 
prudence and philosophy ; 1712 — 1754 K.D.C. 

Argelli, Cesar, canonist, archbishop of Avignon, and 
author ; 1.577—1648 I.D. 

Argens, Jean-Batiste de Boyer, Marquis d', French 
litterateur and philosoplier ; 1704—1771 R.D.C. 

Argens, Luc de Boyer, Chevalier d', knight of Malta; 
d. 1772 , n. 

Agensola, B^tolome-Leonardo, Spanish poet and his- 
torian ; 1566—1031 U.D.O. 

Argensola, Lupercio - Leonardo de, Spanish poet ; 
1565-1613 R.UC, 

Argenson, ]Marc Antoine Reno de Paulmy, French 
author and bibliomaniac ; d. 1787 D. 

Argenson, Marc Pierre, Oljuut of, French lieutenant 
of police and counsellor of state ; 1696—1764 D. 

Argenson, Marc Reno d', French officer and politi- 
cian; 1652-1721 O. 



-r. 



AUG 



55 



ASI 



AJgenson, Marc Rene, marquis de Yoger, French 

marshal, governor of the ch&teau of Vincennes ; 

1722—1782 V D. 

Argenson, Marc Rene de Voger d', French aide-de- 
camp, prefect, and politician ; 1771 — 1842 T>. 
Argenson, Rene de Voger, Count, French diplomatist ; 

d. ICol D. 

Argenson, Rene Louis, Marquis of, French statesman 

and author ; 169(5 D. 

Argent, John, English physician ; d. 1641 
Argenta, Jacopo, Ferrarese painter ; 1561 T.D. 

Argental, Charles - Auguste de Ferriol, Count of, 

French diplomatist ; 1700—1788 U.D. 

Argentan, Luigi Francesco d', Italian Capuchin and 

theological writer ; 17th cent. D. 

Argentelle, Louis-Marc-Antoine-Robillard d', French 

botanist; 1777—1828 _ e.d. 

Argenterio, Giovanni, Italian physician and writer ; 

1513-1572 
Argenti, Agosto, Italian jurist and poet; d. 1576 I.U. 
Argenti, Borso, Italian poet; d. 1594 U. 

Argenti, Giovanni, Italian Jesuit and jurist ; 1564* — 

1629 i.D. 

Argentier, Giovanni, Piedmontese physician ; 1513 — 

1572 i.u.c. 

Argentill, or D'Argentilly, Carlo, Italian music com- 
poser and singer ; 16th cent. D.K. 
Argentine, John, English physician, provost of King's 

College ; d. 1508 q. 

Argentine, Richard {Sexten), English scholar and 

author ; d. 1568 q. 

Argentinl, Stefano or Filippini, Italian theologian and 

musician ; 1630 D. K. 

Argento, Gaetan, Italian jurist and author; 1662 — 

1730 D. 

Argenton, Marie Louise Madeleine Victoire le Bel de 

la Boissiere de Sery, Countess of, mistress of the 

duke of Orleans, regent of France ; 1680—1748 D. 
Argentre, Bertrand d', French historian and jurist; 

1519-1590 D.U. 

Argentre, Charles Duplessis d', bishop of Tulle and 

author; 1673—1740 ii.D.c. 

Argentre, Louis Charles Duplessis d', bishoj) of 

Limoges; 1724—1808 r. 

Arger, Pierre, Flemish conspirator against Henry IV, 

of France ; d. 1589 D. 

Arghun-Klian, fourth Mogul khan of Persia, 1284-91 ; 

d. 1291 E.D. 

Argileonis, mother of Brasidas the Spartan chief D. 
Argillata, Pietro della Cerlata, Italian phys., prof. 

of logic, astionomy, and medicine; d. 1423 I.U.C. 
Argoli, Andrea, Italian physician and mathematician; 

1570-1653 U.R.C. 

Argoli, Giovanni, Italian poet and jurist; 1609* — 

1660 I. u.c. 

Argonne, Noel {Bonaventure d'), French Carthusian 

jurist and litterateur ; 1634*— 1704 u.R.c. 

Axgor, John Puritan divine ; 1679 
Argote, Hieronamo {Contador d'), Portuguese anti- 
quary and essayist ; 1676 — 1749 R.D.u.c. 
Argote de Molina, Gonzales, Spanish historian, gene- 
alogist, and litterateur ; 1549—1590 D.U. 
Argou, Gabriel, French author and advocate in the 

parliament of Paris ; 1674 q.r. 

Argout, Antoine Maurice Apollinaire, Count of, 

French politician and financier; b. 1782 F.D. 

Argowtinski - DolgorouM, Moise Zacharie, Russian 

prioce ; 1827 F. 

Arguelles, Augustin, Spanish statsm.; 1775—1844 D. 
Arguijo, Juan, Spanish poet and mus.; d. 1630 D.R. 
Argus, king of Argos ; B.C. 1658 H. 

Argus, Arabella, English writer; 1816 
Argyle, Archibald, Marquis of. partisan of Cromwell ; 

1598-1661 
Argyle, Archibald, Earl of, confederate of Monmouth ; 

d. 1685 
Argyle, Archibald Campbell, Duke of ; 1682—1761 



Argyle, John Campbell, Duke of, English commander 

and ambassador ; 1678—1743 
Argyle, John Campbell, Duke of ; d. 1770 
Argyle, John Campbell, Duke of ; d. 1847 
Argyle, George Douglas Campbell, Duke of, politician 

and scholar ; 6. 1823 m. 

Argyrammos, Alex., Greek lexicographer ; 1816 d'. 
Argyre, prince of Italy and of Bari ; 1042 u.D. 

Argyre, Isaac, Greek monk, astronomer, and author ; 

h. 1322 D. 

Argyropoulo, Pericles, Greek statesman and legist ; 

1810*- 1860 M. 

Argyropoulo, Joannes, professor of philosophy, and re- 
viver of Greek learning in Italy ; d. 1489 D.U.C. 
Ariadne, empress of Constantinople, consort of Zeno 

and Anastasius ; d. 515 u.D. 

Ariaeus, m- Aridseus, friend and lieutenant of Cyrus • 

B.C. 401* D.X. 

Arialdus, archdeacon of Milan, and martyr ; 4. 1066 D. 
Ariamnes I., king of Cappadocia, and brother of Ari- 

arathes I. d.x. 

Ariamnes II., son of Ariarathes II. d.x. 

Ariarathes I., eldest son of Ariamnes, and king of 

Cappadocia ; d. B.C. 322 D.u.x. 

Ariaratlies II., adopted son of Ariarathes I. ; B.C. 

3C0 D.U. 

Ariarathes IIL ; d. b.c. 220 d.x. 

Ariarathes IV. ; d. b.c. 166 d.x. 

Ariaratlies V. ; b.c. 163—130 d.x. 

Ariarathes VI. ; d. b.c. 93 d.x. 

Ariarathes VII. ; b.c. 96* d.x. 

Ariarathes VIII. ; b.c. 92* d.x, 

Ariarathes IX. ; b.c. 42 ; d. 36 d.x. 

Arias, D. Francisco Gabino, Amer. traveller ; d. 1808* D. 
Arias, Fernandez Antonio, Spanish historical painter : 

d. 1684* B.D. 

Arias, Josef, Spanish sculptor; 1743—1788 D. 

Arias de Benavides, Pedro, Spanish physician and 

writer; 16th cent. R.c.U. 

Arias-Montanus, Benito, Spanish orientalist and anti- 
quary; 1527 — 1598 e.e.d. 
Aritoert, archbishop of Milan ; d. 1045 
Aribert I., king of the Lombards, 653; d. 661 U.D. 
Aribert II., 701 ; d. 712 u.D. 
Aribert, duke of Aquitaine, 628 ; d. 630 u.D. 
Ariel, Cesare, Italian poet and jurist ; 1782—1824* D. 
Aricona, Polish rabbi and commentator ; 1685* O.D. 
Aridseus, king of Macedon; (/. B.C. 316 U. 
Aridicus, Greek paintei-, fellow-pupil with Apelles; 

B.C. 330 R. 

Arienti, Tommaso, Ital. phys. and surgeon ; 1390* I.D. 
Arif-Al-Harwi, Persian poet ; 1425* D. 

Arif-Hikmet, Ottoman functionary ; h. 1786 F. 

Arigisus I., duke of Benevento, 591 ; d. 641 U.D. 

ArigisusIL, 758; d. 787 u.D. 

Arignote of Samos, Greek female philosopher and 

authoress ; 7th cent. B.C.* R.D. 

Arignotus, Pythagorean philosopher ; 2nd cent. D. 
Arigoni, Gian Giacomo, Ital. music composer ; 1623 K. D. 
Arigoni, or Arrigoni, Onario, Italian numismatist and 

author; 1668 i.D. 

Arimazes, chieftain of Sogdiana; B.C. 328 E.X. 

Arimino, Gregorio de Rimini, Italian philosopher and 

author ; d. 1388 D. 

Arimna, Greek painter D. 

Arimnestus, son of Pythagoras, and preceptor of 

Democritus R. 

Arimnestus, Athenian archon; B.C. 416 _ H. 

Aringhi, Paolo, ItaUan priest, writer, and antiquary ; 

d. 1676 U.K 

Arinthseus, consul of Rome ; 372 
Arioald, king of the Lombards, 625 ; d. 636 L.U. 

Ariobarzanes I., k. or satrap of Pontus ; B.C. 400* D.x. 
Ariobarzanes II. (b.c. 363) ; d. 337 d.x. 

Ariobarzanes III. (b.c. 266) ; d. 240 D.x. 

Ariobarzanes I. (P/Uloromceus) king of Cappadocia; 

B.c, 93-63 



ABI 



56 



ABI 



Ariobarzanes 11. (Philopater), king of Cappadocia, 
(B.C. 67); d. 52* U.D. 

Ariobarzanes III. (^Mse&gsPMfjroTOCBMs), d. b.c. 42 u.d. 

Arion, Greek lyric poet and musiciau ; B.C. G"20 r.d. 

Ariosta Lippa, concubiue of Opizzon, marquis of Ter- 
rara ; 1352 

Ariosti, Attilio, Ital. music comp. ; 1C60— 1740 F.n.u. 

Ariosto, Alessandro, ItaUan Fi-anciscan missionary ; 
1476* D. 

Ai'losto, Francesco, Italian philosopher and author ; 
1492 l.D. 

Ariosto, Gabriello, Italian poet; d. 1.5.32 it.u. 

Ariosto, Ludovico, Italian i^oet ; 1474 — 1.533 R.D.c. 

Ariosto, Orazio; Ital. eccles. and poet ; 1555—1593 K.u. 

Ariovistus, chief of the Germans ; B.C. 58 D.X. 

Ariphrades, Greek writer of comedy K. 

Ariphron, Athenian archon ; B.C. S2] H. 

Aripbron, lyric poet of Sicyon ; B.C. 650* E.D. 

Aripo, German painter ; 10th cent. CD. 

Aripol, or Arepol, Samuel, raljhi and author of Pales- 
tine ; 16th cent. D.z.o. 

Ariram, German monk, sculptor, and aichitect ; 9th 
cent. D. 

Arisi, Francesco, Italian jurist, litterateur, and poet ; 
1657—1743 I.U.D.C. 

Arislaus, or Arislas, Arabian philos. ; 13th cent. D.Q. 

Aristsenetus, sophist of Byzantium K. 

Aristsenetus, historian of Gela R. 

Aristsenetus, politician and leader of the Achsens H.n. 

Aristsenetus of Nice, Greek writer; d. B.C. 358 R. 

Aristsenetus, consul of Eome ; 404 H.c. 

Aristseus, Greek mathematician; 4th cent. B.C. R. 

Aristagoras, general of Darius, governor of Miletus ; 

d. B.C. 497 H.X.D.U. 

Aristagoras, Greek geographer ; B.C. 350 d. 

Aristander, o?'Aristandros,Gk. statuary ; b. c. 405 r.d. 

Aristander of Telmissus, soothsayer in the service of 
Philip of Macedon X.R.D. 

Aristarcbi, Nicolas, grand logothete of the Greek 
patriarchiate of Constantinople ; 6. 1800;\ , M. 

Aristarcbus of Tegea, Gk. tragic writer ; B.C. 454 r.d.x. 

Aristarcbus of Atbens, chief of tiie Council of Four 
Hundred; B.C. 411 D.x. 

Aristarcbus of Samos, Greek astronomer and mathe- 
matician ; B.C. 280 X.R.U.D. 

Aristarcbus of Samotbrace, pupil of Aristophanes, 
founder of a school of forty critics ; B.C. 15G R.D.X. 

Aristarcbus, Jew of Thessalonica, disciple and com- 
panion of St Paul ; 1st cent. D. 

Aristarete, daughter and pupil of Nearchus, Greek 
paintress E. 

Aristeas, or Aristius, of Phlia, writer of comedy B. 

Aristeas of ProcomieGSUS, Greek historian and poet ; 
B.C. 565 D.E.X. 

Aristeas, Corinthian general ; B.C. 432 d.r. 

Aristeas, Jewish officer of Ptolomey-Philadelphus and 
chronicler; B.C. 280* O.D.X. 

Aristeas, Greek statuary; B.C. 130* D.R. 

Aristenes of Megalopolis, Greek general; B.C. 198 d. 

Aristenetus, Greek i-omance writer ; 300 — 358 D.u. 

Aristeon, Greek pliilosopher D. 

Aristias, N., lloumanian poet ; h. 1798 F. 

Aristides, son of Lysimacluis, scholar B. 

Aristides, Greek statuary ; 5th cent. B.C. d. 

Aristides, Athenian gen. and statesman; B.C. 490 X.D. 

Aristides, Athenian archon (b.c. 489) ; (/. 468 ii. 

Aristides of Thebes, Gk. painter; B.C. 360— 3:!0*D.u.x. 

Aristides of Liiletus, writer of tales of hction ; 2nd 
cent. B.C. R.D.X. 

Aristides, St, of Athens, Greek Christian philosoj)lier; 
125 D.C. 

Aristides (J^e/w.?), Greek orator ; 117 — 180* D.u.x. 

Aristides (Quintilianus), Greek -writer on music ; 2nd 
cent. R.C. 

Aristion, Athenian archon ; B.C. 421 n. 

Aristion, Greek surgeon ; 2n(l cent. B C. D. 

Aristion, Athenian sophist and gen. ; a. B.C. 87 U.D. 



Aristippus of Cyrene, Greek philosopher; d. B.C. 
399 U.R.X. 

Aristippus, tyrant of Argos; d. B.C. 242 X.U.D. 

Aristo, the name of three artists^l. statuary ; 2. 
statuary and worker in silver ; 3. painter E.G. 

Aristo, Greek politician r. 

Aristo of Alexandria, peripatetic philosopher R. 

Aristo of Chios, Greek philosoijher r. 

Aristo, Greek epigrammatist r. 

Aristo, Greek tragic writer r. 

Aristo of Ceos, succeeded Lycon in the Lyceum; B.C. 
226 R. 

Aristobixlus, Greek iiainter r. 

Aristobiilus of Cassandrea, Gk. hist.; B.C. 320* k.d.x. 

Aristobulus, Greek Jewish philos.; B.C. 170 D.X. 

Aristobulus, king of Armenia d. 

Aristobulus I. (Philhellenicus), high-priest and king 
of the Jews (B.C. 107) ; d. 105 h.u.d. 

Aristobulus II., high-priest and king of the Jews (b.c. 
70) ; d. 63 h.u.d. 

Aristobulus, consul of Ptome ; 285 

Aristocles of Rhodes, Greek grammarian D. 

Aristocles of Lampsacus, Greek Stoic philos. D.R. 

Aristocles, writer on music and dancing R. 

Aristocles of Pergamus, rhetorician, master of 
Aristides the sophist R.D. 

Aristocles, pupil of Nicomachus, Greek painter R. 

Aristocles, Greek sculptor; B.C. 664 r.u.d.x. 

Aristocles, Athenian an-hon ; B.C. (i05 H. 

Aristocles, Greek sculptor; B.C. 440 u.d. 

Aristocles of Sicyon, Greek sculptor ; B. C. 400 E. 

Aristocles of Messana, peripatetic philosopher ; 
2nd cent.* R.U.D. 

Aristocles, the sophist ; 144 

Aristocles of Pergamus, Greek peripatetic philoso- 
pher ; 1st cent. X.D. 

Arlstoclides, Greek painter D. 

Aristocrates, Greek politician D. 

Aristocrates I., king of Arcadia ; 8th cent. B.C. D. 

Aristocrates II. ; d. b.c. 668* e.d.x. 

Aristocrates, Athenian archon ; B.C. 399 H. 

Aristocrates of Sparta, Greek biographer and his- 
torian ; 2nd cent. B.C. R.D. 

Aristodemus of Atbens [the Little), companion of 
Socrates R. 

Aristodemus, tutor of Agesipolis e. 

Aristodemus, the nan-ve of three Greek writers — 1. 
author of a collection of fables ; 2. Platonic phil- 
osopher ; .3. writer u]ion inventions D. 

Aristodemus, king of Corinth ; B. c. 834 ii. 

Aristodemus, king of Messena (b.c. 740) ; d. 721 D.u. 

Aristodemus {Malacus), tyrant of Cum?e, in Cam- 
pania ; B.C. 600 D.R.X. 

Aristodemus, Lacedaemonian general ; B.C. 394 H. 

Aristodemus, Athenian archon ; B.C. 352 h. 

Aristodemus, Athenian tragic actor ; B.C. 347 d.r.x. 

Aristodemus, name of three Greek artist.s — 1. 
painter, 4th cent. B.C. ; 2. sculptor, B.C. 340*; 3. 
painter and writer D. 

Aristodemus, tyrant of Megalopolis ; B.C. 264 D. 

Aristodemus of Nyssa, Greek gram. ; b.c 30 D. 

Aristogeiton, the Athenian conspirator ; B.C. 550 x.D. 

Aristogeiton of Thebes, Greek sculptor ; B.C. 420 D. 

Aristogeiton, Roman orator ; B.C. 340* D. 

Aristogenes of Tbaos, i)hys. and medical author R. 

Aristogenes of Cnidus, physician to Antigonus 
Gonatas, king of Macedon ; 3d cent. B.C i:. 

Aristogenes, name of two Greek physicians me:i- 
tioned by Suidas ; B.C. 283—239 D. 

Aristolaus, painter of Athens ; B.C. 325 B.U. 

Aristolochus, Olympic victor ; B.C. 344 h. 

Aristomacbus, the name of two tyrants of Argos E.D. 

Aristomacbus, jjeripatetic philosopher of Cilicia, and 
naturalist ; 3d cent.* B.C. U.R.D. 

Aristomacbus (Strymonws), Greek sculptor d.r. 

Aristomaus, Valentin, German poet ; 1587— 1C20 D. 

Aristomedes, sculptor of Thebes ; B.C. 590* d.k. 



ASI 



ARM 



Aristomenes, pupil of Plato k. 

Aristomenes, historian of Arcadia K. 

Aristomenes, friend of Aristotle, and guarJian of 

his adopted son Nicanor K. 

Aristomenes, king and general of the Messenians ; 

B.C. 684 K.u.x. 

Aristomenes, Athenian arclion ; B.C. 570 h. 

Aristomenes, Atheui<in comic poet ; B.C. 425 X.D. 
Ariston, Greek traveller D. 

Ariston, Greek physician R. 

Ari-ston, Proclidau king of Lacedaemon; B.C. 569— 

526 u.D. 

Ariston, Athenian archon ; B.C. 454 h. 

Ariston, son of Pyrrichus, Syracusan pilot ; B.C. 420 D. 
Ariston of Megalopolis, Greek statesman ; e.v. 170 D. 
Ariston of Gyrene, chief of the democratic party ; 

B.C. 403 D. 

Ariston, Greek painter ; B.C. ooJ" D. 

Ariston, Greek Stoic philosopher ; B.C. 276 U.D. 

Ariston of Ceos, peripatetic philosopher; B.C. 230'''' D. 
Ariston of Tyr, friend of Hannibal ; B.C. 200 D. 

Ariston of Alexandria, peripatetic philos.; B.C. 30" D. 
Ariston, Titus, Roman jurist ; 100 D. 

Ariston of Pella, historian ; 100 D. 

Aristonicus of Alexandria, Greek grammarian e.d.x. 
Aristonicusof Marathon, Athenian orator; B.C. 330 d. 
Aristonicus, son of Eumenes, king of Pergamus ; 

d. B.C. 130 U.K.X. 

Aristonicus of Tarente, Greek mythographer ; 1st 

cent. D. 

Aristonidas, Greek statuary T>. 

Aristonus, statuary of Egina D.R. 

Aristonymus, disciple of Plato and legislator of 

Arcadia D. K. 

Aristonymus, Greek poet and director of tlie Alex- 
andrian lilsrary ; B.C. 183 D. 
Aristophanes, writer on agriculture, mentioned by 

Pliny R. 

Aristophanes, friend of Libanius R. 

Aristophanes, writer of a work on Thebes R. 

Aristophanes, Greek comic poet ; B.C. 434—380 X.E.D. 
Aristophanes, Athenian archon ; B.C. 331 li. 

Aristophanes of Byzantium, Greek grammarian, 

librarian at Alexandria ; B.C. 220 x.R.D. 

Aristophon, Greek orator and ambassador ; B.C. 354 

R.D.X. 

Aristophon, Greek coraic poet x.D.r,. 

Aristophon, Greek painter ; 5th cent. B.C. D.R.x. 

Aristophon, Athenian archon ; B c. 330 H. 

Aristotile, Alberti or Fioravanti, Italian architect, 

engineer, and mathematician ; 1473 b.U.C.r.p. 

Aristotile, or Bastiano Da Sangallo, Italian artist; 

1481—1551 D.R. 

Aristotimus, tyrant of Elis ; 3d cent. B.C. x.D. 

Aristotle, Greek philosopher, founder of the Peri- 
patetic school ; B.C. 384— 322 -w.x.c.R.D.u. 
Aristoxenes of Tarentum, Greek philosopher and 

musician; B.C. 350 x.TXR. 

Aristoxenus, Greek physician of the Herophilean 

sect ; A.D. 5 d.e.O. 

AristUS, Academic philosopher, friend of Cicero 
Aristus of Cyprus, historian of Alexander the Great ; 

B.C. 50 D.x. 

AristyUus of Samos, Greek astronomer ; B.C. 280 d. 
Aritwald, king of Lombardy ; d. 63G 
Ariu, Einile, Italian sculptor ; 15th cent. l\ 

Arius, king of Assyria ; B.C. 2050 H. 

Arius, or Areius, Greek physician ; 1st cent. v.. 

Arius-Multiscius, of Iceland, historian ; b. 1607 
Arius, Greek heresiarch, patriarch of Alexandria, and 

founder of Arianism ; 270—336 U.D.R.c. 

Arivey, Pierre de 1', French litterateur and ecclesiastic ; 

1510* D.Q. 

Arizzarra, Cajetan, Florentine surgeon ; 1750 D.I. 
Arizze, Francesco, Italian monk and author; ISth 

cent. i-D. 

Arjasp, Tartar king; 5th cent. B.C. K.D. 



Arje, Jacob Judas, Spanish rabbi and author; 17th 

cent. o.D. 

Arje, Judah ben Zevittirsch, ra1)bi of Carpentras and 

author ; 17th cent. u. 

Arje-Low, Polish Jewish theologian ; 1650 d'. 

Arjona, Spanish painter ; 17th cent. d. 

Arjona, Manuel, Spanish poet ; 1761— 1S20 D. 

Arjuzon, Felix Franijois Thomas, Comte d', French 

politician ; b. 1810 
Arkevolti, Samuel ben Elchanan Jacob, Italian rabbi, 

grammarian, and author ; d. Kill o.d. 

Arkharov, Nikolai Petrovitch, Russian superintendent 

of the police ; 1742—1814 r. 

Arkwright, Mrs, music composer ; (7. 1849 
ArkwTight, Sir Richaid, English manufacturer and 

inventor of the " spinning' jenny ;" 1732—1792 R.C. 
Arkwright, Richard, English cotton manufacturer : 

175.5-1843 
Arkwright, Richard, English politician ; b. 1835 
Arland, or Ariaud, Swiss portrait painter ; d. 1719 U.K. 
Arland, or Ariaud, Jacques Antoine, Swiss miniature 

painter; l(io8— 1746 r.d.c. 

Arlaniboeus, Philip, Swedish historian ; 17th cent. D. 
Arlebout, Isbrand Gisbert, Dutch physician and 

author ; 1715 d. 

Arlensis of Scudalupis, Pietro, astrologer and alche- 
mist ; 1590 D. 
Arleri, Pietro, Italian architect ; 13.33—1386" R.n.d. 
Arles-Dlifour, Jean Barthelemy, French manufac- 
turer; 6. 1S05 F. 
Arlincourt, Charles Victor Prevot, Vicomte d', French 

novelist; 1789—1856 f.d. 

Arlington, Henrv Bennett, Earl of, English statesman, 

one of the "Cabal;" 1618— 1685 _ r.d. 

Arliss, John, English printer ; <t. 1825 
Arlot, or Arlotus, of Prato, in Tuscany, ecclesiastical 

writer; d. 1287 D. 

Arlotta, mistress of Robert, duke of Normandy, and 

mother of William the Conqueior ; 1044 
Arlotti, Decius [the Youuger), Ital. poet; d. 1759 I.D. 
Arlotti, Geronimo, of Reggio, Italian commentator; 

1.5th cent. i.D. 

Arlotti, Luigi, Ital. poet and theologian; 1520* D.i. 
Arlotti, Marc Antonio, Italian poet ; 1590 I.D. 

Arlotti, Pompeo, Italian physician ; 1580* I.D. 

Arlotti, Rodolplio, Italian poet; 1590 R.D. 

Arlotto-Mainardo (II. Fiovano Arlotto), Italian bur- 
lesque poet ; 1.395 or 6— 1483 r.d.c.w. 
Arluno, Bernardino, Milanese jurist and writer on 

law ; 1520 R I.C.W. 

Arluno, or Arlunus, Gian Pietro, Italian physician and 

author ; 1530 I. D. 

Arluss, Stephen, Puritan divine ; 1680 
Arma, Giovanni Francesco, Italian physician and 

medical writer ; 1553 I.D.W. 

Armagnac, Bernard VII., Count of, constable of 

France; d. 1418 u.D. 

Armagnac, Giorgio d', bislmp of Rhodes, ambassador 

at Venice and Rome ; 1501 -1585 R. U. 

Armagnac, Jean I., count and governor of Languedoc ; 

d. 1373 D-U. 

Armagnac, Jean III., Count of; d. 1391 u.D. 

Armagnac, Jean IV., Count of ; 1395^—1450 U.D. 
Armagnac, Jean V., Count of, marshal of France; 

1420*— 1473 U-D. 

Armagnac, Jean Batard d', marshal of France; a. 

1473 U.D. 

Armais, queen of Egypt ; B.C. 1490 
Arman, Jean Lucien, French m.anufactnrer F. 

Ai-mand, Alfred, French architect ; b. 1805 p.F. 

Armand, Francois (Hwjuct), Frencli comedian; 

1699-1765 , ^^„„ "•!>• 

Armandi, Pietro Damiano, Italian gen. ; li. liio f.d. 
Armani, or Armanni, Giovanni Battista, Italian jioet 

and improvisatore ; 1768— 1815 _ iz-i^i^' 

Armani, Piermartire, Italian historical pamter; Ibio— 

166S ^■'^- 



AHM 



68 



ABN 



Armanites, king of Assyria ; B.C. 1950 

Armanno, Vincenzio, Flemish landscape painter; 

1599—1649 E.T.B.D.U. 

Armano, Guiseppe Dominico, Italian ecclesiastic ; 

1720 _ I.D. 

Axmansperg, Joseph Ludwig, Count of, Bavarian 

president of the council of regency of Otho I. of 

Greece ; b. 17S9 D. 

Armati, Salviuo degli, Italian inventor of spectacles ; 

d. 1317 u.D. 

Armatus, consul of Eome ; 47G H. 

Armbruster, Johann aiicliael, German author and 

journalist ; 1761— 1817 d.g.K. 

Armbruster, Samuel, Hungarian scholar and autlior ; 

1670 D. 

Armbs, Johann, Swiss chronicler ; 1489 D. 

Armellini, Carlo, Italian jurist ; b. 1777 r. 

Armellini, Geronimo, of Faenza, inquisitor-general at 

Mantua; l'A6*' I. u.D. 

Armellini, JMariano, Italian Benedictine and scholar ; 

d. 1737 U.R.C. 

Armengaud, Jean Germain Desire, French author ; 

b. 1797, d. 1869 
Armengaud, Jules Edouard, French designer and 

manufacturer ; 1835 F. 

Armenini, Giambattista, Italian painter ; 1587 t.r. 
Armenter, John, sheriff of London ; 1300 d. 

Armenzani, Flaminius, Italian jurist; 17th cent. I.D. 
Armessin, Nicolas de 1', Fr. engraver; 0. 1640 n.d. 
Armessin, Nicolas de 1', French engraver; 1684 — 

1755 N.D. 

Armfeldt, Charles, Baron of, Swedish general ; 1666 — 

1736 u.R. 

Armfeldt, Gustavus Maurice d', governor of Stock- 
holm, Swedish lieutenant-general ; 1800 E.U. 
Armin, Robert, English actor ; 1609 c.D.R. 
Armine, Mary, English philanthropist and founder of 

almshouses; d. 1675 u. 

Arminius, or Hermann, Cheruscan chief hero of 

ancient Germany; B.C. IS — A.D. 19 R.D. 

Arminius, Fulgence, Italian bishox:) of Nusco and 

author; 1669 I.D. 

Arminius, or Hermanusen, James, Dutch theologian 

and ecclesia-stical writer ; 1560 — 1609 w.r.d.u.C. 
Armistead, Lewis A., American Confederate general; 

1861 _ e. 

Armistead, W. K., American brigadier -general; 

1780—1845 e.A. 

Armitage, Edward, English painter ; b. 1817 B.F. 
Armitage, Joseph, English miser ; d. 1821 
Armitage, Eobert, Puritan divine ; 1689 
Armitage, Robert, English novelist ; d. 18.52 
Armitage, Timothy, Puritan divine ; d. 1655 
Armonville, JeanBaptiste(/eiJo»«c^-Ki9w^(;), member 

of the national convention ; 1756 — 1808 f.d. 

Armsdorf, Andreas, German musician ; 1670 — 1699 D. 
Armstead, Thomas, English political writer ; 1686 
Armstrong, Alexander, English general ; d. 1861 
Armstrong, Andrew, English hydrographer ; 1769 
Armstrong, Archibald (Archy), buffoon and jester to 

the court of James VI.; f^. 1672 D. 

Armstrong, Charles, English physician ; d. 1815 W. 
Armstrong, nee Dorothy Forster, English heroine; 

d. 1771 
Armstrong, Francis, English physician and author ; 

d. 1789 W.D. 

Armstrong, George, English physician and author ; 

d. 1781 ■ W.D. 

Armstrong, James, English divine ; d. 1605 W. 

Armstrong, John, English divine ; 1704 
Armstrong, John, American officer and author ; 

1758—1843 e.a. 

Armstrong, John, bishop of Graliamstown, 1853 ; d. 

1856 d.l. 

Armstrong, John, English engineer; d. 1758 D. 

Armstrong, John, English poet and physician; 1709— 

1779 B.u.c.w. 



Armstrong, John, Scottish poet and political writer ; 
1771—1797 D.u.w. 

Armstrong, John, American general in the Indiiin 
wars ; d. 1795 a.r. 

Armstrong, John, American general ; 1771—1855 A. 

Armstrong, John, Enghsh physician and medical 
writer; 1784—1829 e.d.vv. 

Armstrong, Richard, English politician ; b. 1815 

Armstrong, Robert, American general; 1789* — 1854 A. 

Armstrong, Samuel T., American printer, lieutenant- 
governor of Boston ; 1784 — 1850 A.e. 

Armstrong, Sir Thomas, English politician, follower 
of the duke of Monmouth ; d. 1684 R. 

Armstrong, William, English divine ; d. 1812 w. 

Armstrong, Sir William George, English engineer, 
ordnance inventor ; 6. 1810 M. 

Armstrong, William Joseph, American divine ; 1796— 
1846 e.A. 

Armstrong Mostjm, John, Eng. geographer ; 1785 D. 

Arm3m, Robert, English dramatic author ; 1600 E. 

Armyne, Lady Mary, English scholar ; d. 1675 

Arnseus, Johannes, magistrate and author at Snoefell- 
nes, in Iceland ; 18th cent. R. 

Arnseus, or Axnsesen, Jonas, bp. of Skalholt ; h. 1665 R. 

Arn^US, or Arnsesen, Magnus Johannes, bishop of 
Skalholt ; 18th cent. R. 

Arnasus, S:emundus, Icelandic author ; 17th cent. R. 

Arnseus, Thorlev, ecclesiastic, and translator at Kal- 
kafell, in Iceland ; 18th cent. R. 

Arnal, Etienue, Fr. comedian and poet ; h. 1794 or 9 f.d. 

Arnal, Etienne d' (Sciqnon), French engineer and 
mechanician ; 1733—1801 D. 

Arnal, Juan Pedro, Spanish architect; 17.35—1805 R.D. 

Arnald, George, English artist ; d. 1841 

Arnald, Richard, English divine and writer ; 1696 — 
1756 R.D.c.W. 

Arnaldi, Count Eneas, Italian author of a work on 
theatres ; h. 1716 R. 

Arnaldo, Pietro Antonio, Italian author and ecclesi- 
astic ; 1638—1696* i.u.D.c.w. 

Arnaldus, French monk, chief promoter of the cru- 
sade against the Albigenses ; 12th cent. r. 

Arnaldus, Etienne {Arnoldus, or Arlandus), French 
physician, surgeon, and author ; 14th cent. D. 

Arnaldus, Frangerius de Cautiluj)o, dean of St Paul's ; 
1307 

Arnall, William, English political writer; 1705— 
1751 u.E.c.w. 

Arnason, John, Danish jurist ; 1727—1777 D. 

Arnason, Jolm Magnus, Danish theol. ; 1665 — 1743 D. 

Arnason, S?emum, Danisli chronologist ; 1600 D. 

Arnau, Juan, Spanish painter ; 1595—1693 B.D. 

Arnaud. See Arnold, 

Arnaud, or Arnaldo, of Brescia, Italian theologian 
and philosoijher ; d. 1155 r.c.u.d. 

Arnaud, Daniel, Fr. troubadour and poet ; d. 1189 U.D, 

Arnaud, Francois, French abbot, litterateur, anti- 
quary, and academician ; 1721 — 1784 u.R.C.W. 

Arnaud, Fran9ois Thomas Marie de Baculard d', 
French author ; 1718— 1805 R.U. 

Arnaud, Georg, Dutch philosojiher and jurist; 1711 — 
1740 u.D.c. 

Arnaud, Henriette, French authoress; b. 1800* M. 

AmaXLd [Alarsan), French troubadour and poet; 13th 
cent. U.D. 

Arnaud, Plagues, French troubadour ; 13th cent. R. 

Arnaud de Carcasses, French troubadour and writer ; 
d. 1270* U.D. 

Arnaud de Comminges, Fr. troubadour ; 13th cent. r. 

Arnaud de Contingnac, or de Tintignac, French trou- 
badour ; 13th cent.* K.D. 

Arnaud d'Entrevenes, Fr troubadour; 13th cent. r. 

Arnaud de Marveil, Fr. troubadour; d. 1189* u.D.c. 

Arnaud de Ronsil, George, French surgeon and medi- 
cal wi-iter ; 1697—1774 R d.C.w. 

Arnaud le Catalan, French troubadour ; 1200 R. 

Arnaudin, French author ; b. 16'J0''' B. 



ARN 



59 



AUN 



Arnauld, Antoine, Freuch counsellor of state and 

author; 1560—1619 E.U.D.C. 

Arnauld, Antoine (the Great), French theologian, and 

writer against the Jesuits ; 1612 — 1694 E.U.w. 

Arnauld, Antoine, French general ; 1767—1804 U.K. 
Arnauld, Antoine-Vincent, French author, dramatist, 

and secretary of the Academy; 1766—1834 D.u.B. 
Arnauld d'Andilly, Henry, bishop of Angers ; 1597 — 

1692 u.D.w. 

Arnauld d'Andilly, Jacqueline Blarie-Angelique de 

Sainte Madeline, abbess of Port - Koyal ; 1591 — 

1661 U.D. 

Arnauld d'Andilly, Robert, French theologian ; 1589— 

1674 u.R.c.w. 

Arnauld de Villeneuve, alchemist and jihysician ; 

1240*— 1313 D.u. 

Arnault, Francois Aljihonse, French actor ; h. 1819 F. 
Arnault, Gabrielle Genevieve Plauat {Naptal-Ar- 

nault), French actress ; b. 1823 F. 

Arnault, Lucien Emile, French dramatist; 1787 D.F. 
Arnault de la Borie, Frangois, canon of Perigneux, 

historian ; d. 1607 u. 

Arnault de Nobleville, Louis Daniel, French physi- 
cian, naturalist, and writer ; 1701 — -1778 K. 
Amaus, or Arnseus, Icelandic autlior ; 18th cent. D. 
Arnavon, Frau^ois, French theologian and author ; 

1740—1824 _ R. 

Amay, Fr. antiquary and miscel. writer; 1750* U.D. 
Arnay, or d'Arnex, Simon Auguste, German editor ; 

b. 1750* ^ D. 

Arnd, Carl, German bibliographer ; 1673—1721 
Arnd, or Arndt, Clu-istian, German theologian and 

author; 1623—1653 D.R. 

Arnd, Joliann, German Lutheran theologian and 

writer ; 1555—1621 U.D. 

Arnd, or Arndt, Josue, German savant and philoso- 
phical writer ; 1626-1685 U.D.c.AV. 
Amdt, Cluistian Gottlieb von, German philologist ; 

1743-1829 
Arndt, Ernst Moritz, German poet ; b. 1769 f.d.w. 
Arndt, Godefroi August, German antiquary and histo- 
rian ; 1748—1819 _ G.U. 
Arndt, Johann-Godefroi, German historian ; 1713 — 

1747 U.R.C. 

Amdts, Ludwig, German jurist ; h. 1805 F. 

Arne, Cecilia, wife of Dr Arne, English songstress ; 

d. 1795* B.K, 

Arne, Michael, Eng. music composer ; 1741—1808 R.K. 
Arne, Tliomas-Augustine, English music composer ; 

1710—1778 R.K.c, 

Arnemann, Justin, German i^hysician and author ; 

1763-1807 U. 

Arngrim, Jonasen, Icelandic ecclesiastic and avithor R. 
Arngrim, Nidalin, writer of an essay on the discovery 

of Greenland ; d. 1704 R. 

Arnheim, .Johann-Georg, Germ, general ; 1581—1641 u. 
Arnigio, Bartolommeo, Italian poet, litterateur, and 

physician ; 1523—1577 w.l.u.D.c. 

Amim, Elizabeth or Bettina, Countess of, German 

authoress; b. 1785 D.F. 

Arnim, Georg Abraham von, Prussian field-marshal ; 

1651—1734 R. 

Arnim, LudvigAchim von, German poet and dramatic 

author; 1781—1832 u.D. 

Arnisoeus, Henningus, German physician and author ; 

1580*— 1636 w.R.D.c, 

Arnkiel, Friederich, German historian ; 1750''' D. 

Amkil, or Arnkiel, Trogillus, German historian and 

Lutheran divine ; d. 1713 u.d.q. 

Arno, tenth bp. and first abp. of Salzbourg ; d. 821 D. 
Arno, German theologian and wi-iter ; d. 1175 D. 

Arnobius, rhetorician of Sicca ; 284 
Arnobius (the Elder, or African), Christian philos., 

rhetorician, and writer of Numidia ; 290* W.U.D.c. 
Arnobius (the Younger), Semi - Pelagian writer ; 

460* W.X.D.U.R. 

Arnold, archbishop of Mayence, 1153; d. 1200* u.D, 



Arnold, bishop of St Andrews ; 1159 /,-. 

Arnold, Vaudois advocate of the Albigenses ; 1170* n. R. 

Arnold, German clironicler, abbot of Liibeik ; 1175 D. 

Arnold, German monk and astrologer ; 14th cent. D. 

Arnold, duke of Gueldre ; 1410—1473 d. 

Arnold, Ab Ischa or Isca, German monk and theo- 
logian ; d. 1619 D. 

Arnold, Andreas, German theologian, jirofessor of 
Greek at Nuremberg ; 16.56—1694 d.q. 

Arnold, Benedict, American governor of Rhode 
Island ; dr 1678 r.a. 

Arnold, Benedict, American general ; 1740 or 5— 

1801 R.U.A. 
Arnold, Bruck or De Prug, German music composer; 

1540 k.d: 

Arnold, Christoph, German philol. ; 1627—1680 u.D. 
Arnold, Chi-istophe, German astronomer; 1046 or 50 — 

1697 U.K.C. 

Arnold, Cornelius, English poet ; d. 1751 w. 

Arnold, Daniel Heinrich, German theologian and 

litterateur ; 1706—1775 d.q. 

Arnold, D. (Landrus), Flemish musician and com- 
poser ; 1600 K.D. 
Arnold, Edmund, English divine ; 1745 w. 
Arnold, Edwin, English historian, poet, and Sanskrit 

scholar; b. 1831 m. 

Arnold, Franz, German theologian, opponent of 

Luther ; 1520* D.Q. 

Arnold, Friederich, German engraver; 1780—1809 n.d. 
Arnold, Georg, German jurist ; 1531—1588 Q.D. 

Arnold, Georg, German organist ; 1670 k.d. 

Arnold, George, Engl sh virtuoso ; d. 1806 
Arnold, George, English landscape painter ; 1703 — 

1841 
Arnold, Georg Adam, German painter ; 1680 N.D. 
Arnold, Georg Daniel, German prof, of history and 

jurisprudence, litterateur and poet; 1780 — 1829 R.D. 
Arnold, Gottfried, German Lutheran tlieologian and 

historiograplier ; 1665-1714 Q.U.d.C.w. 

Arnold, Haldrerius VesaUensis, German tlieologian 

and author ; d. 15.34 D. Q. 

Arnold, Heinrich, German translator R. 

Arnold, Johann von Bergel, German poet ; 1530 Q.D. 
Arnold, .Johann Christian, German physician and 

medical autlior ; 1724—1765 D. 

Arnold, Johann Gerard, German publicist and his- 
torian; 1637—1717 D.Q. 
Arnold, Johann Godefroi, German music composer 

and violoncellist ; 1773 — 1806 K.D. 

Arnold, John, sheriff of London ; 1426 d. 

Arnold, John, English horologer, inventor of the 

expausino balance ; 1745 — 1799 R.c.e.w. 

Arnold, John Roger, English chronometer-maker; 

d. 1843 
Arnold, or Amoul, Jonas, German painter and en- 
graver of portraits ; 1060 N.B.D. 
Arnold, Josepli, English naval surg. ; 1783—1818 n.ff. 
Arnold, Josiah Lyndon, Amer. poet; 1768—1796 a.r. 
Arnold, Lemuel H., governor of Rhode Island; 1792— 

1852 e.A, 

Arnold, Lewis G., Amer. brigadier-general ; lSfi2 e. 
Arnold, Mattliew, English scholar and author ; b. 

1822 M 

Arnold, Sir Nicholas, lord-justice of Ireland, author ; 

1564 
Arnold, Nicholas, Polish professor of divinity, and 

author ; 1618-1080 K.u.c.w. 

Arnold, Olorinus, or CycnsBus (Schwan), German 

theologian and author ; d. 1G22 D. 

Arnold, Peleg, chief-justice of Rhode Island; 1752— 

1820 „,^ A.R. 

Arnold, Rich., English publisher; 1451*— 1521 R.D.W. 
Arnold, Robert, English colonel ; d. 1839 
Arnold, Samuel, English music composer; 1740— 

1802 K.E.W. 
Arnold, Samuel Benedict, German painter; 1744— 

1817 N.D. 



AIIN 



CO 



ARR 



Arnold, Samuel James, English dramatist ; d. 1852 w. 
Arnold, Strutthau von Winckelried, Swiss hero and 

patriot _ _ E.u. 

Arnold, Thomas, Scottish physician and writer on 

lunacy; 1742-1816 _ T,.g. 

Arnold, Thomas, Amer. chief -justice ; d. 1820 a.r. 
Arnold, Thomas, English naval commander ; d. 1737 
Arnold, Thomas, English naval commander ; d. 17G1 
Arnold, Thomas, English theologian and writer ; 

1795—1842 F.c.(/.D. 

Arnold, Thomas Kercliever, English educational 

writer and classical scholar ; d. 1853 
Arnold of Buderlch, German theologian ; 1475* D. 
Arnold of Busco, German monk and theol. ; 1470* D. 
Arnold of CorMe, German theologian ; 11th cent.* D. 
Arnold of Lalain^, Flemish chronicler ; 1470 D. 

Arnold of Liege, German monk and theologian ; 14th 

cent. D. 

Arnold of Leyden, Flemish theologian ; cJ. 1466 D. 
Arnold of Meldorp, German theologian ; 12th cent. D. 
Arnold of Rotterdam, Dutch theologian and author ; 

d. 1442 D. 

Arnold of Schyk, Swiss landmann and patriot; 1450 
Arnold of Verdala, bishop of ]\Iaguelone, and his- 
torian ; d. 1351 D. 
Arnold, or Amoldus Bostius, German theologian and 

author ; d. 1499'- D. 

Arnold, or Amoldus Saxo, German biographer ; 11th 

cent. D. 

Amoldi, or Di Amoldo, Alberto, Italian sculptor and 

architect; 1364 n.d. 

Amoldi, Bartholomew, Augustine friar and phil- 
osopher ; d. 1532 G.K. 
Amoldi, Daniel, German philologist; 1595—1651 q.d. 
Amoldi, Johannes, Dutcli diplomatist and historian ; 

1751—1827 E.U.D. 

Amoldi, Wilhelm, l>ishop of Treves; h. 1798 D.F. 

Amoldus. See Arnold. 
Amoldus de Villa Nova, French physician and 

writer; 1238-1314 K. 

Arnolfe, or Amolphe Amoul, archbishop of Jlilan ; 

1093 i.D. 

Amolflni, Giovanni Attilio, Italian engineer ; 1733 — 

1791 R.D. 

AmoLfo, or Amoul of Milan, historian ; 11th cent. U.u. 
Arnolfo di CoUe, or di La,po, Italian architect and 

sculptor; 1232—1300 U.E.T. 

Amone, A Iberto, Italian painter ; d. 1721 d. 

Arnone, Guglielmo, Italian composer, organist of the 

cathedral of Milan ; 1580 K. D. 

Amostus, bishop of Kocliester ; d.lQlQ d.l. 

Amot, Andrew, English Covenanter ; d. 16G7 
Amot, Hugo, Scottish historian ; 1749 — 1780 W.D. 
Amot, David, bishop of Galloway ; 1509 k. 

Amot, Thomas, Scotch surgeon ; 1736 AV. 

Amot, W., Scotch divine ; d. 1786 
Amot, Archibahl, Scotch physician ; 1771—1855 F. 
Amott, James ]\Ioncrieff, Scottisli surgeon; b. 1794 M. 
Amott, Keill, Scottish physician and natural phil- 
osopher; h. 1789* M. 
Amoul, or Amulf, St, archbishop of Metz (611) ; 

580-640 u.u. 

Amoul, St, bishop of Soissons ; d. 1087 D. 

Amoul, or Arnull", bishop of Rhodes, patriarch of 

Jerusalem ; d. 1118 D. 

Amoul, or Amulf, bishop of Lisieux, poet ; d. 11 82 u. E. 
Amoul, or Amoux, Fiench jurist and ascetic author ; 

1620 K.Q.D.U. 

Amoul, Franfois, French Dominican writer; 1650 D. 
Amoul, Rene, French poet; 1569 — 1639 e.u. 

ilmould, Ambroise Marie, French economist and 

writer; 1750-1812 U.F. 

Arnould, Edmund Nicolas, French litterateur ; b. 

1811 F. 

Arnould, Jean -Francois (Mussot), French dramatic 

author; 1734—1795 U.K. 

Arnould, Sir Josepli, English judge ; b. 1815 ii. 



Arnould, Joseph, French horologer and mechanician ; 
1723-1798 u.R. 

Arnould, or Amoult, Madeline Soijhie, French actress 
and singer; 1740—1803 u.P. 

Amould-Plessy, Jeanne Plessy, Fr. actress ; b. 1819 

Arnoullet, Balthasar, French wood engraver B.R. 

Amoult, Charles, French advocate ; 1750 — 1793 R.u. 

Arnoult, Jean Baptiste, French Jesuit and author ; 
1689—1753 E.u.c.w. 

Amoult, N., French engraver; 1073 b.r. 

Arnoux. See Arnould. 

Arnoux, Jean, French Jesuit, confessor to Louis XIII. ; 
d. 1636 U.E. 

Amoux, Jean R. Claude, French engineer; 6. 1792 F, 

Amstein, Baron von, German Jewish banker; d, 
1839 B. 

Amtzenius, Jan Hendrik, Dutch jurist and philolo- 
gist ; 1734—1797 g.d.c.w. 

Amtzenius, Johannes, Dutch hellenist and philolo- 
gist ; 1702—1759 G.D.u c.w. 

Amtzenius, Othon, Dutch humanist and writer; 
1703—1705 _ _ G.D.u.c.w. 

Amu, Nicholas, French Dominican, professor of meta- 
physics ; 1629—1692 E.W. 

Aruulf . See Arnould. 

Arnulf, bishop of Orleans and author ; 988 E. 

Amulf, archbishop of Rlieims ; d. 1021 E. 

Amulf, French monk and writer ; 1026 E.D.u. 

Arnulf, French monk, abbot of Lagni ; 1066 K. 

Amulf, abbot of St Martin de Ti-oarn ; 1089 E. 

Arnulf, Flemish ecclesiastic ; 1147 E. 

Amulf, duke of Bavaria ; 934 

Amulf I., count of Flanders, 918 ; d. 905 

Arnulf II , count of Flanders, 965-89 ; d. 987 

Arnulf III., count of Flanders, 1070-71 ; d. 1071 

Arnulf, count of Hainault ; 973-98 H. 

Amulf, count of Vochburg and Cham, in Bavaria, 
theologian ; lltli cent. D. 

Amulpli, emperor of Germany, 890-99 ; d. 899 E.D.u. 

Amulph, count of Holland ; 988-1003 

Amulpli, or Ernulpli, bishop of Rochester, English 
theologian and historian ; 1050 — 1124 W. u. C. 

Amulpli, English keeper of the Great Seal ; 1107 

Amway, John, English divine; d. 1653" E.C.W. 

Aromatari, Dorotea, Italian embroideress of pictures ; 
1600 T.R.D. 

Aromatari, Giuseppe degli, Italian botanist and phy- 
sician ; 1586 — 1000 I.u.c.w. 

Arondeau, Jean, French staiisticinn ; b. 1802 F. 

Aroudj, Aruch Arouds, first Turkish sovereign of 
Algiers; 1473*— 1518 D. 

Arouet, Ren^, Fr. notary of St Loup ; 1440—1499 E.D. 

Arouse, John, Scotch secretaiy of state ; 1454 

Aroux-Eugene, French litterateur, magistrate, and 
deputy ; b. 1793 F. 

Arpa, Moez-ed-deen Arpa-Khan, tenth sovereign of 
the Mogul dynasty ; d. 1336 E. 

Arpad, Magyar chief, founder of the Huugiirian king- 
dom; 809—907 R.D. 

Arpajon, Louis, marquis of Scverac, French general ; 
d. 1679 U.E, 

Arpajon, Louis, Marquis d', French general in the 
wars of Louis XIV.; d. 1736 e.d. 

Arpe, Peter-Friederich, German jurist, author, and 
philosopher ; 1682—1748 D.u.w. 

Arphaxad, or Phraotes, king of Media ; b.c. 656 h. 

Arpino, Carlo, Ital. astrologer and cosmogra])licr I.D. 

Arpino, Giacomo Francesco, Italian f)hys.; 1655* i. 

Arpino, Guiseppe Ctesar d' {Gioseppino Caialiere), 
Italian historical painter ; 1500 — 1640 B.C. 

Arquato, Antonio, Italian physician ; 1470 i.D. 

Arquato, Gian Francesco, Italian physician and medi 
cal writer ; 1608 D. 

Arquier, Joseph, French music composer and violon- 
cellist ; 1763—1816 D.F. 

Ar-Radhi- small, 20th caliph of the house of Abhas ; 
909-940 D. 



AHE, 



61 



AUS 



Arraes, o?* Arraiz, Amador, Portuguese theologian 
and classical writer ; 1530 — ICOO u.R. 

Arraes, or Arraiz, Duarte Madeyra, Portuguese phy- 
sician and philosophical writer ; d. 1652 D.E.Y.u. 

Arragos, Guillaume, French physician and surgeon ; 
1513—1610 D. 

Arran, James Hamilton, Earl of, regent of Scotland, 
1542-58 ; d. 1575 

Arras, IMathias, French architect ; 1344 r>. 

Arrault, Charles, French advocate and author ; 1G43 — 

1718 K.D. 

Arrazi, or Isa-rbn-Alimed, Spanish Mohammedan his- 
torian ; 11th cent. D. 

Ar-RasMd, Abu Mohammed AbduHVahed II., African 
sultan of the dynasty of Almohades ; d. 1242 D. 

Arre, Swedish engraver R. 

Arreboe, Anders, poet and bishop of Drontheim, in 
Norway; 1587—1637 d.k. 

Arredondo, Isidore, Span, painter ; 1654 — 1702 b.n. 

Arregio, or Arrezzo, Pablode, painter ; 1506 B. 

Arrhacion, or ArrhicMon, Greek athlete ; 7th cent. 

B.C. D. 

Arrlienius, Clas or Claude, royal liistoriogi-apher of 

Sweden; 1627—1695 D.R. 

Arrlienius, Jacob, Swedish scholar and author ; 1642— 

1725 Q.R. 

Arrhenius, Laurentius, Swedish historian ; 17th 

cent. R. 

ArrMdeus, king of Macedon, B.C. 321 ; d. 317 X.D. 
Arria, wife of Casciuua Pa3tus E.D.X. 

Arria, daughter of Cajcinua Pwtus E.X. 

Arria, Roman heroine ; 41 X. 

Arria, FadiUa, mother of the emperor Antoninus 

Pius R.X. 

Arriaga, Gon salvo, Dominican friar of Burgos, and 

author; d. 1657 E.E.P. 

Arriaga, Juan Chrysostome, Spanish musician ; 1808 — 

1826 R.D. 

Arriaga, Pablo Josef, Spanish Jesuit missionary to 

Peru and writer ; 1562 — 1622 D.e.r.I. 

Arriaga, Rodrigo, Span. Jesuit ; 1592—1667 E.R.D.c. 
Arrian, \vi-iter on meteorology r.d. 

Arrian, Greek author of an epic poem r.d. 

Arrian, Flavins, Greek historian, con.sul of Rome, 

146; f/. 170* X.U.R.P.C;/. 

Arrianus, consul of Rome ; 243 k. 

Arribas, Pablo Antonio, Spanish minister of justice ; 

1771—1828 R.D. 

Arrighetti, Filippo, member of the Florentine aca- 
demy ; 1582— 1662 B.U.w. 
Arriglietti, Nicola, Italian mathematician and philo- 
sopher; 1580—1639 i.u. 
Arrighetti, Nicolo, Italian Jesuit and author ; 1709— 

1767 i.D. 

Arrighetto, or Arrigo, Enrico, Latin poet of Florence ; 

12th cent. I.U.C. 

ArrigM, dake of Padua, general under Napoleon I. ; b. 

1778 r.D. 

Arrighi, Antonio Maria, Italian professor of law ; d, 

1753 • I.R. 

ArrigM, Francesco, Italian jurist ; d. 1765 p.c.w. 
ArrigM, Giambattista, Florentine theol.; d. 1607 I.D. 
ArrigM, Lorenzo, Italian monk ; 17th cent. i.D. 

ArrigM, Nicola, Italian painter; pupil of Frances- 

chini T. R. 

ArrigM, Paolo, Italian theologian and writer ; 1549 — 

1587 I.D. 

ArrigM Landini, Orazio, Italian poet ; 6. 1718 i.d. 
Arrigoni, Carlo, Italian musician ; 1738 K.D. 

ArrigoM, Fraucesco, Italian writ.; 1610—1645 I.R.C. 
Arrigoni, Giambattista, Italian poet ; 1602 d.I.q. 

Arrigoni, Pietro Paolo, Italian jurist and author ; 

1640—1701 I.D. 

Arrigom, Pompeio, Italian cardinal and author ; 

1552—1616 i.R. 

Arriquibar, Nicolas, Spanish merchant and writer on 

political economy ;(/. 1778 R.D. 



Arris, Robert, English captain ; d. 1719 

Arrius, Quiutus, Roman pnetor ; B.C. 72 d. 

Arrius, Quintus, friend of Cicero ; d. B. c. 59 d. 

Arrivabene, Andrea, Italian printer and author ; 16 th 

cent. J j; 

Arrivabene, Ferdinando, Italian jurist and philologer "; 

1770 — 1834 j^^ 

Arrivabene, Giovanni, Italian economist ; b. 1801 M. 

Arrivabene, Giovanni Francesco, Italian author ; 

. ^^.^^. I.R.C.W. 

Arrivabene, Giovanni-Pietro, Latin poet of Mantua ; 

d.loOi i.u.c.w. 

Arrivabene, Ippohto, Italian physician and author; 

^d.md I.E.C. 

Arrivabene, Luigi, Italian poet ; 1560 i.d. 

Arrowsmitll, Aaron, English engraver of maps ; 1751— 

1S23 R.D.W. 

Arrowsmitll, or Bradshaw, Edmund, Jesuit ; d 1628 
Arrowsmitll, Edward, English divine ; 1745 w. 

Arrowsmitb, John, English Puritan divine and author • 

1602-1659 K.D.c. 

Arrowsmitll, John, English geographer ;■ b. 1805" m. 
Arrowsmith, John Pauncefort, English teacher of 

deaf and dumb ; 1819 
Arrowsmith, Thomas, English journalist ; 1821 
Arroy, Besian, French theologian ; 1640 r.d. 

Arroyo, one of the founders of the Academy of Seville ; 

1674 D. 

Arroyo, Diego d', Spanish miniature painter ; 1493 — 

1551 u.D. 

Arnintius, Roman physician ; 1st cent.* d. 

Arrushatti, Arabian writer ; 1073—1147 d. 

Arsaces I., king of Armenia ; d. 35"' u.d. 

Arsaces II.; 218 e.d. 

Arsaces III. (Uranus) ; 342 r.d. 

Arsaces IV. ; d. 3S&^ r,d. 

Arsaces I., or Arshek, king of Parthia (Persia) ; d. 

B.C. 250 u.D. 

Arsaces II., or Arshek {Tiridates) ; B.C. 243 u.u. 

Arsaces III., or Arshek (Artabanm) ; B.C. 217 r.d. 
Arsaces IV., orAxsh.e^{Phirapaiiu)i); 2nd cent. b. c. r. d. 
Arsaces V., or PMaates I. d. 

Arsaces VI., or Mithridates I. ; d. B.C. 135* d. 

[The list of Armenian Arsaces (jiven by Moses CIio- 
rcnensis differs considerabbj from the above.] 
Arsakis, Apostolos, Greek physician ; 6. 1789 F. 

Arsames, king of Armenia; B.C. 246 U.R. 

Arsames, father of Hystaspes u. 

Arsames, son of Artaxerxes Longimanus R.u. 

Arsames, Persian general killed at the battle of 

Issus U.D. 

Arsegnino of Padua, grammarian ; 13th cent. d. 

Arseleyn, Dutch landscape painter ; d. 1660 U. 

Arsene Pakradonni, Armenian poet ; 6. 1788 f. 

Arsenius, patriarch of Constantinople ; d. 1273 R.u c. 
Arsenius, Greek bishop ; 1588 r.d. 

Arsenius, Greek monk, founder of the patriarchal 

school at Moscow ; 17th cent. R.D. 

Arsemus, Aristobulus, archbishop of Monembasia 

(Malvasia), in the Morea, 1534 ; d. 1535 E.d.c. 

Arsenius-Sucbanow, superintendent of the convent of 

St Sergius, at Moscow ; d. 1668 _ R. 

Arsenne, Louis Charles, French historical painter ; 

1790—1855 D.F. 

Arsennus, Roman anchorite ; 5th cent. R. 

Arses, king of Persia; d. B.C. 330 U- 

ArsbenevEky, Basil Kondratievitch, Russian professor 

of philosophy and mathematician ; 1758 — 1808 R.D. 
ArsM, Turkish poet ; d. 1570 ^ D- 

Arsilli, Francesco, Italian poet and physician ; 1474— 

1540 u.C.R.l.w. 

Arsinoe, mother of Ptolemy Lagos D. 

Arsinoe [Eurydice, or Cleopatra), daughter of Ptolemy 

III., and wife of Ptolemy IV. D. 

Arsinoe, wife of Magas, king of Cyrene D. 

Arsinoe, consort of Lysimachus and Ptolemy Cerau- 

nus; d. B.C. 290 u. 



ABS 



62 



ART 



Arsinoe, daughter of Lj'simaclius, king of Thrace, wife 

of Ptolemy Philadelphus ; B.C. 285 D.R. 

Arsinoe, daughter of Ptolemy Euergetes and Berenice, 

and wife of Ptolemy Philopater ; 3d cent. B.C. D.ii. 
Arsinoe, queen of Cyprus, sister of Cleopatra; d. B.C. 

41 U. 

Arslan, or Il-Arslan, second of the Khwarizmian sul- 
tans ; d. 1172 E. 
Arslan, Abu'l Modhaffer Zien-ed-deen Arslan, eighth 

Seljukian sultan of Persia ; d. 1175 K. 

Arslan Sliah, twelfth Ghiznevide sultan of eastern 

Persia and Cabul ; 1114 R. 

Arslan Shall, fifth sovereign of the Seljukian dynasty 

in Kermau ; d. 1141 ii. 

Artabanus I., king of Parthia; B.C. 216— 19G x.u. 
Artabanus II. ; b.c. 127-24 x.u. 

Artabanus III., b.c. 14 ; d. a.d. 44 x.u. 

Artabanus IV., 216 ; d. 226 x.u.d. 

Artabanus, son of Hystaspes, and brother of Darius 

D.x. 
Artabanus Hyrcanian, gen. of Xerxes ; B.C. 465 d.u.x. 
Artabasdes, Armenian commander of the Eoman 

troops ; d. 743 U. 

Artabazus. See Artavasdes. 

Artabazus (the Median), Persian general ; B.C. 550 O.K. 
Artabazus, son of Pharnaces, Persian gen. ; B.C. 480 D. 
Artabazus, general in the army of Artaxerxes, king of 

Persia; B.C. 450 D. 

Artabazus, Persian general ; B.C. 362 D. 

Artachseus, Persian engineer under Xerxes D.x. 

Artale, or Artalis, Giusejipe, Sicilian po it and soldier ; 

1628—1679 E.U.C.W. 

Artapbemes, governor of Sai-dis ; B. c. 506 D. 

Artapbemes, ambassador of Artaxerxes, king of Per- 
sia ; B.C. 425 D. 
Artaria, Italian editor of music ; 1778*— 17P9 CD. 
Artaria, Jlathias, German painter ; 6. 1815 F. 
Artarlo, Giovanni Battista, Italian architect and 

sculptor ; h. 1660 u. 

Artario, Giusejjpe, Swiss architect and sculptor ; d. 

1769 u.B. 

Artasire, Ataseh or Ataschir, k. of Armenia ; 422* d. 
Artaud (Artaldus), abp. of Rheims, 932 ; d. 961 R.u. 
Artaud, Francois, French archaaologist, and member 

of the Academy ; 1767—1838 D. 

Artaud, Jean Baptists, French dram. ; 1732 — 1796 R.D. 
Artaud, Nicolas Louis, French litterateur ; h. 1794 F. 
Artaud, Pierre Joseph, French ecclesiastic and authoi- ; 

1706-1760 K.c.\y. 

Artaud de Montor, le Chevalier Alexis Francois, 

French diplomatist and author ; 1772 — 1849 D. 

Artavasdes I., or Artabazus, king of Armenia; d. 

B.C. 35* D. 

Artavasdes II. ; b.c. 20* D. 

Artavasdes III. r>. 

A.rtavasdes, or Artabazus, emperor of Constanti- 
nople; B.C. 742 D. 

Artaxerxes I. [Longimanus), king of Persia ; b. c. 465— 
425; (?. 425 e.d.x. 

Artaxerxes II. (Mnemon) ; (b.c. 405—362) ; b. 453*, 
d. 361 E.D.X. 

Artaxerxes III. (Ochm), B.C. 332—33!) ; d. 339 e.d.x. 

Artaxias I., founder of the kingdom of Armenia ; B.C. 
200* D.x. 

Artaxias II., king of Armenia ; B.C. 33-30 D. 

Artaxias III., or Artaxe, king of Armenia, son of 
Polenion. king of Pontus ; B.C. 18 D.X. 

Arteaga, Estefano, Spanish Jesuit and litterateur ; 

1747—1799 U.R.C.W. 

_^ Arteaga, Hortensio Felice Parav^cino v, Spanish 

chaplain to Philip III. ; 1580— 1633 " R.D. 

Arteaga y Alfaro, Matias, Spanish painter and en- 
graver ; d. 1704 D.B. 

Artedl, Peder, Swedish naturalist and physician ; 
1705—1735 R.D.c.\v. 

Artemidorus, Greek grammarian, friend of Cxsar D. 

Artemidorus, Greek physician; 3d cent. B.C. D.R. 



V^v- 



r-<~^ r 



r^ 



Artemidorus, Greek grammarian ; B.C. 240 D.x. 

Artemidorus, Capiton, Greek physician and gram- 
marian ; B.C. 138—117 u.D. 

Artemidorus of Epbesea, Greek geoginpher and tra- 
veller; B.C. 103 D.X.W. 

Artemidorus, Greek author; B.C. 100 x.u. 

Artemidorus, Cornelius, Roman physician ; B. C. 90* D. 

Artemidorus, Roman painter ; b. c. 30 D. 

Artemis, St, commander of the Roman troops in 
Egypt in the reign of Constantius ; d. 302 D.n. 

Artemisia, queen of Halicamassus ; B.C. 480 U.E.X. 

Artemisia, queen of Halicamassus ; d. B.C. 355 E.U. 

Artemon of Clazomenus, Gk. engineer; B.C. 450 D.u. 

Artemon of Cassandria, Greek gram. ; b. c. 300 d. 

Artemon of Pergamus, Greek rhetorician d. 

Artemon, Greek painter ; 1st cent. E.D. 

Artemon,or Artemas, chief of the Artemonites ; 210 D. 

Artemus, Roman general in Egypt ; d. 362 E.u. 

ArtepMus, Hermetic philosopher ; 1130* U.E.C.W. 

Artevelle, Jacmart, brewer of Ghent, and chief of the 
popular party ; d. 1345 u.D. 

Artevelle, Phihppe, chief of the insurrection in Flan- 
ders (1382) ; d. 1382 u.E. 

Artevelt, And. van, Flemish marine painter; 1570 B.D. 

Arthington, Cyril, English antiquary ; 1723 

Artbington, Henry, English fanatic ; ex. 1591 

Arthington, Henry, English poet ; 1607 H. . 

Artbmann, , German musical insti-ument-maker ; 

18th cent. D. 

Arthur, king of Britain ; 516 e.d. 

Arthur, duke of Britany, nephew of King John ; 
1187—1202 E.D. 

Arthur, duke of Britany. son of John V. and Jeanne 
of Navarre ; 1393- 1456 D. 

Arthur, prince of Wales, eldest son of Henry VII. ; 
1486—1502 K. 

Arthur WiUiam Patrick Albert, Prince, third son of 
Queen Victoria ; b. 1850 

Arthur, Archibald, English professor of moral phil- 
osophy ; 1744—1797 e.g. 

Arthur, Edward, English divine and author ; 1783 w. 

Arthur, Sir George ; d. 1855 

Arthur, James, Dominican friar of Salamanca ; d. 
1670 E. 

Arthur, John, Puritan divine ; 1063 

Arthur, John, English actor and dramatist ; d. 1772 

Arthur, or Faunt, Laurence, Jesuit ; d. 1591 

Arthur, Michael, Scotch di\'ine ; 1789 

Arthur, Richard, English admiral ; d. 1854 

Arthur, Thomas, bishop of Limerick, 1472 ; d. 1486 c. 

Arthur, Thomas, English dramatist ; d. 1532 q. 

Arthur, Timothy Shay, American author; b. 1809 c.a.M. 

Arthur, William, Scotch divine ; ] 621 

Arthus, Arthusius, or Artus, Gothard, German com- 
piler and translator; b. 1570* U.D.Q.W. 

Arthusius, Wilhelm, German physician and wiiter ; 
17th cent. D. 

Arthy, Elliot, English jihysician and medical writer ; 

18th cent. ,?• 

•[(Artieda, Andres Key de, Spanish military captain ; 
b. 1560 M'i i. ((f (t _ R.D.u. 

Artiga ,Francesco &e, landscape and historical painter ; 
d. 1711 B. 

Artigas, Don Juan, general-in -chief of Buenos Ayres ; 
1746—1826 u.E. 

Artigny, Anthony Gachet d', French bibliographer, 
canon of Vienne ; 1704—1778 d.u.C.W. 

Artigues, Herbert, French litterateur ; 1740 D.Q. 

Artis, Edmund Tyrrell, English antiquary ; 1847 

Artis, Gabriel d', French Protestant ecclesiastic ; 
1660—1730 R.D.u. 

Artis, Jean d', French jurist ; 1572—1651 R.U. 

Artmann, Hieronymus, Germ, organ -builder ; 16.54 K.D. 

Artner, Maria Theresa von, Hungaiian poete.ss; 1772 — 
1830 R.D. 

Artois, Jacques Jan van, Flemish painter; 1613 — 
1665 ' D.U.C.B. 



AUT 



63 



ASO 



Artois, Robert, Count of, regent of Naples, 1287 ; d. 
1302 

Artonius, Peter, Polish eccles. poet ; 1552 — 1609 D. 

Artopaeus, Johann, German professor of jurispru- 
dence ; 1520—1580* D.Q.U. 

Artopaeus, Johann Christoph Becker, German his- 
torian ; 1626—1702 K.U.W. 

Artorius, Marcus, Greek physician and friend of 
Augustus ; B.C. 40 B.x. 

Artot, Josepli, Flemish violinist ; 1815—18-15 D. 

Artoza Tizon, Spanish painter ; 1580 D. 

Artrigius, or Artrius, abp. of Armagh, 822-33 ; cZ.833 c. 

ArtuiHus, English mathematician ; 710 

Artus, Thomas, Sieur D'Embry, French litt.; 1550 D. 

Artusi, Giovanni-]Marie, Italian i^riest and x^rofessor 
of music; 1590 U.K.c.W. 

Artusini, Antonio, Italian jurist, poet, and orator ; 
1554-1630* i.R. 

Aruason, Jon, Icelandic author ; h. 1819 

ArulDacli, or Aruvash, Jewish writer ; 16.50 o.D. 

Arum, 07' Arumseus, Dominic von, German nobleman 
and professor of law ; 1579—1637 e.d.C.w. 

Arundale, Francis, English architect ; d. 1854 

Arundel, Lady Blanche, English heroine, defender of 
Wardour Castle ; 1583—1649 D.c. 

Arundel, Henry Granville Fitz-Alan Howard, Earl of, 
English politician ; b. 1815 F. 

Arundel, Humphry ; ex. 1549 

Arundel, John, bp. of Chichester, 1459 ; d. 1477 d.l. 

Arundel, John, bishop of Lichfield 14%, Exeter 1502; 
d. 1504 d.l. 

Arundel, ]\Iary, English translator ; 1566 

Arundel, Robert de, English hebraist ; d. 1246 

Arundel, Thomas de, or Fitz-Alan, archbishop of 
York and Canterbury, lord chancellor (1407) ; 1353— 
1413 c./.p.w.B. 

Arundel, Thomas Howard, Earl of, marshal of Eng- 
land, patron of arts and literature ; 1580* — 1646 R.D. 

Arundel, Francis Vivian lago, English trav. ; d. 1846 

Aruns, or Aronce, Aiuutius, son of Tarquin and 
TuUia; B.C. 509 D.U. 

Aruns, or Aronce, brother of Tarquin the Superb; 
B.C. 436* D.u.x. 

Aruns, or Aronce, Roman historian ; B. c. 60* D. 

Aruntius, L., consul of Rome ; B.C. 22 H.x. 

Aruntius, Lucius, consul of Rome ; a.d. 6 X.D. 

Arusianus Messius, or Messus, Roman gram. ; 450 d.x. 

Aruystle, Hyco, Welsh poet ; 1550 

Arvandus, prefect of Gaul ; 469 D. 

Arvldson, Troils, Swedish engraver ; 1650—1705 D.R. 

Arvleux, Laurent d', French orientalist and traveller ; 
1635—1702 G.u.c.w. 

Arvina, P. Cornelius, consul of Rome ; B.C. 306 H. 

Ai-viragTis, British king ; d. 74 

Arviv, Isaac, rabbi, scholar, and author ; 16tli cent. E. 

Arwaker, Edmund, English poet ; d. 1730 \v. 

Arwidson, Adolf Iwar, of Finland, scliolar and libra- 
rian ; 1791 — 1858 M. 

Aryabhatta, or Arjabalir, Indian mathematician ; 1st 
cent. * D. 

Arymbas, Arrybas, Arrilias, orTliarrytas,ldngof the 
Molossi ; B.C. 390 x.D. 

Arysdaghes, St, bishop of xVrraenia ; 279—339 u.d. 

Arysdaghes [Krasser, or Bibliophile), Armenian rhe- 
torician ; 1178—1239 D. 

Arzachel, Abraham, or Eizarakel, Spanish Jewish 
astronomer; 1080 K.u.c. 

Arzan, Pagan pontiff of Armenia ; d. 302 K.D. 

Arzan, Ai-zoixny, Armenian writer ; d. 459 D. 

Arzao, Antonio Rodriguez, Brazilian traveller; 1694 D. 

Arzem-Dokht, female sovereign of Persia ; '/. 632 B. 

Arzere, Stefano dell', Italian painter; 1560 t.b.e. 
Arzt, Franz Christoph Van, German painter ; 17th 
cent. D. 

Arzu, Siraj Uddin Ali Khan (Khan-Sahib), poet of 
Hindustan ; d. 1756 D. 

Asa, king of Judosa (B.C. 951-14) ; d.^'A u.u. 



Asadi de Thous, or Assedi de Tliucy, Persian poet ; 
920* D.u. 

Asad-Khan, king of Persia ; 1715—1780 u.d. 

Asahel (Dion Fhabo), Jewish writer; 1550* o.D. 

Asam, Cosmas, Damian, and Egidius, German artists, 
sons of George Asam ; 1730 k.B. 

Asama, Saracen governor of Egypt ; 716 

Asan, king of Bulgaria, 1186 ; d. 1189 u. 

Asan, king of Bulgaria, 1215 ; d. 1242 u.E. 

Asan, king of Bulgaria ; d. 1280 u. 

Asander, son of Philotas, governor of Lvdia ; B.C. 
334* d.x. 

Asander, king of Bosporus : B.C. 114-107 D.u. 

Asaph, St, bishop of Glasgow ; .590 E.D.C. 

Asardinus, king of Babylon ; B.C. 680 

Asbiom (the Noble), Norwegian hero e. 

Asbiom, son of Sigurd, Norwegian noble e. 

Asbiom Blak, servant of Canute IV., traitor e. 

Asboth, Alexander (Sandor), Hungarian brigadier- 
general of the American volunteers ; b. 1811 e. 

Asbury, Francis, American Methodist bishop ; 1746 — 
1816 A.R. 

Ascalus,- Conrad, German philosopher ; 1610 d.q. 

Ascani, Pellegrino da Carpi, Italian painter of flowers ; 
18th cent. b.t.e. 

Ascani, Peregiinus, Italian antiquary i.d. 

Ascanius, Peter, Swedish author ; 1740 D.w. 

Ascarelli, or Ascariel, Debora, Roman Jewish poetess ; 
1590* o.D.z. 

Ascarus, Greek statuary k. 

Ascatades, king of Assyria ; B.C. 1490 

Ascelin, bishop of Rochester, 1142 ; d. 1148 d.l. 

Ascelinus, or Ascelin, French monk ; 1050 R. 

Ascelinus, or Anselmius, Nicola, Italian missionary 
to Persia, 1247 R.u. 

Ascensione, or Ascensam, Arsenius, Portuguese theo- 
logian and wiiter ; d. 1648 D.Y. 

Ascensione, Hyacinthe Augustine dell', Italian sur- 
geon; 1680 U.I. 

Asch, or Ab Asoh, George Thomas, Baron d', Ru.ssiau 
military phy.siciau and writer ; 172J — 1807 U.D.c.W. 

Asch, Johannes van, Dutch portrait and miniature 
painter ; 16th cent. B. K. 

Ascll, Pieter Janzen van, Dutch landscape xjainter; 
b. 1603 B.B. 

Asch, Baron Peter Pheodorovitch, Russian physician 
and author ; 18th cent. R. 

Ascll, or Ash, Baron Yegor Pheodoro^itch, physician 
to the empress Elizabeth of Russia, and medical 
author; 1727—1807 R. 

Ascham, Anthony, English divine, astrologer, and 
author; 1550 '/.r.d. 

Ascham, Anthony, English ambassador and political 
writer; d. 1650 D.R.w. 

Ascham, Giles, English divine ; d. 1596 g. 

Ascham, Margaret, wife of Roger Ascham 

Ascham, Roger, English classical scholar, author, and 
tutor of Queen Elizabeth ; 1515—1568 o.d.u.r.CW. 

Ascham, William, sheriff of London, 1397; lord 
mayor, 1403 . d. 

Aschanseus.MartinL.jSwedishauthor; 17thcent. D.R. 

Aschbach, Joseph, German historian ; b. 1801 D.M. 

Aschdod, the name of several Ai-menian princes of 
Jewish origin ; 7th cent. 

Aschdod, patrician and prince of Armenia ; 743 E.U. 

Aschdod, patrician of Armenia ; d. 690 K-U* 

Aschdod I., or Aschod (the Great), king of Armenia, 
856 ; d. 889 u.r.d. 

Aschdod II., king of Armenia, 914 ; d. 928 U.R.D. 

Aschdod, III., nephew of Aschdod II.; d. 977 R.u.D. 

Aschdod IV., prince of Armenia ; d. 1039 R.u.D. 

Aschenberg, Rutger, Count of, Swedish field-marshal; 
1621—1693 ^ "•^• 

Aschenbrenner, Christian Heinrich, German musi- 
cian ; 1654^1732 . , ^f- 

Aschenburg, Sigismond, German Jevash commenta- 
tor; 16tlicent. "•"• 



ASC 



64 



ASH 



Ascher, German rabbi, savant, and commentator ; d. 
1321 u. 

Aschraf-Cliali, king of the Afghans ; d. 1730 U. 

Asciano, Giovanni della, Italian painter ; 1380 e.t. 

Ascione, Angelo, Neapolitan painter ; 1G80* D. 

Asclapo, of Patrse, in Achaia, physician R. 

Asclepi, Giuseppe-Maria, Italian Jesuit, mathemati- 
cian, and philosopher ; 1706 — 177G u.Q. 

Asclepiades, philosopher of Philus, and friend of 
Menedemus of Eretria R. 

Asclepiades, Greek writer of a work on Egypt R. d. 

Asclepiades, Greek lyric poet ; B.C. COO* ' D. 

Asclepiades, ninth bishop of An tioch; 211* D. 

Asclepiades, bishop of Tralles ; 484 "' D.U. 

Asclepiades, C. Calpurnius, Gk. citizen ; 88—158 R. 

Asclepiades, L. Arruntius Sempronianus, Greek phy- 
sician to the empei'or Domitian K. 

Asclepiades (PhUophysicus), Greek med. author R. 

Asclepiades [Pharmaclon), Greek writer on chemistry ; 
l?.t cent. D.c. 

Asclepiades {Prusiensis, or Bithynus), jirofessor of 
rhetoric and medicine R. 

Asclepiades(rifensi's), Gk. med. writ.; 2nd cent. R.x. 

Asclepiades, P. Mumitorius, oculist and magistrate R. 

Asclepiades, T. JSlius, Greek surgeon R. 

Asclepiades of Azramytte, Greek epigrammatist D. 

Asclepiades of Mendes, hist, of Egypt ; b.c. 50* x.D. 

Asclepiades of Myrlia {Apamea), Greek grammarian ; 
1st cent. B.C. D.K. 

Asclepiades of Samos, Greek poet ; B.C. 280* d. 

Asclepiades of Tragilas, Greek tragic writer or 
grammarian ; 4th cent. B.C. X.D. 

Asclepiadius, Latin poet D. 

Asclepiodorus, general under Alexander the Great ; 
B.C. 330 D. 

Asclepiodorus, Athenian painter, contemporary of 
Apclle* U.K. 

Asclepiodotus, Greek poet ; 1st cent.* D. 

Asclepiodotus, consul of Eome ; 21*2 H. 

Asclepiodotus, Greek phys. and philos. ; 450* U. D. 

Asclepius, Greek physician D. 

Asclepius of Tralles, Greek philos.; Gth cent. U.D. 

Asclepius, Nicolas [Barbatus), German theologian and 
author ; d. 1571 D. 

Asclepodotus, consul of Eome ; 423 H. 

Ascletarion, matliematician and astrologer ; 85* ii. 

Ascoli, Alessandro, Italian professor of medicine and 
writer; 1G88 I.D. 

Ascoli, Cecco di, Italian professor of mathematics ; 
1258—1328 R. 

Ascoli, Daniel, Jewish writer; 1550* O.D. 

Ascoli, Trojano Marcelli, Duke of, Neapolitan states- 
man ; d. 1823 E.D. 

Ascondo, Francisco, Spanish archt.; 1705—1781 D.L. 

Asconius-Pedianus, Quintus, Latin gram.; 50* u.d.c. 

Asculo, Saladin de, Ital. med. author; 15th cent. G.R. 

Asdrubali, Francesco, Roman physician ; d. 1832 D. 

Asedy, Thousi, Persian poet ; 10th cent. E. u. 

Aselli, Gaspar, Italian physician, anatomist, and philo- 
sophical writer ; 1581 — 1(320 E.U.C.w. 

Asellio, Publius Sempronius, Roman historian; B.C. 
133 D.x. 

Asellus, Claudius, Roman soldier; B.C. 202 n. 

Asellus, Tiberius Claudius, Roman legionary tribune ; 
B.C. 142 x.D. 

Asensio y Mezorada, Spanish engraver; d. 1794 b.d. 

Asfeld, Alexis Bidal, Baron d', German general ; 1G48— 
1G89 ^ U.E. 

Asfeld, Benoit Bidal, Baron d', Crcrman military officer ; 
1658-1715 d. 

Asfeld, Claude Francois Bidal, Marquis of, marshal of 
France ; 1667—1743 D. 

Asfeld, Jacques Vincent Bidal d', French theologian 
and author ; 1664—1745 U.K. 

Asfundiyar, or Asfendiar, Persian hero and governor ; 
Gth cent. B.C. K.D. 

Asgill, Sir Charles, sheriff of London ; 1752 d. 



Asgill, Sir Charles, English general; 1760*— 1823 R.D. 
Asgill, John, English author ; 1650*— 1738 D.R.i.c.W. 
Ash, Edward, English physician; 1770*— 1829 R.c.w. 
Asil, John, English aixthor, and Protestant dissenting 

minister; 1724—1779 r/.R.c. 

Ash, John, English phys. and analyst; 1723—1798 R.D. 
Ash. See Ashe. 
Ashary, Abulhassan Ali Ben Ismael, Mussulman 

doctor; d. 940 K.c.?. 

Ashbridge, John, Nonconformist divine ; d. 1735 
Ashbridge, John, English mathematician ; d. 1820 
Ashtourner, A. M., English divine; 1777 w. 

Ashhumham, Bertraud Ashburnham, Lord, English 

peer ; b. 1797 P. 

Ashtoumham, John, English royalist ; 1604-1671 R. 
Ashburnham, Thomas, English general ; b. 1808 
Ashburnham, William, bishop of Chichester, 1754 ; 

d. 1797 d.l.v;. 

Ashburton, Alexander Baring, Lord, English states- 
man; 1774-1848 
Ashburton, William Bingham Baring, Lord, English 

politician ; 1799—1864 M. 

Ashbury, Francis, Puritan divine ; 16G2 
Ashbury, Joseph, English comedian ; 1638 — 1820 D. 
Ashby, Arthur, English naval captain ; d. 16G6 R. 
Ashby, George, English poet ; 1440* E. 

Ashby, George, English ecclesiastic and scholar ; 

1724—1808 R.c.w. 

Ashby, Henry, Eng. writing engraver; 1744—1818 R.r/. 
Ashby, Sir John, British admiral ; d. 1693 R. 

Ashby, Nicolas, bishop of Llandaft', 1441 ; d. 1458 d.l. 
Ashby, Richard, Jesuit controversialist ; d. 1G>0 
Ashby, Tui-ner, American Confederate brigadier-gene- 
ral ; 1824—1862* e. 
Ashby, WiUiam, English politician ; d. 1589 or 90 g. 
Ashdown, John, Eng. monk, prior of Lewes ; 1530 q. 
Ashdowne, William, English theologian and author ; 

1780 D.w. 

Ashe, Alan de, Eng. baron of the Exchequer ; 1346 /. 
Ashe, Andrew, Irish musician and Hautist ; 1756 or 

8—1838 R.K. 

Ashe, Jonathan, English lecturer ; 1813 W. 

Ashe, Nicholas, English poet ; 1804 w. 

Ashe, Samuel, governor of North Carolina ; 1725* — 

1813 A.R. 

Ashe, Simeon, English Puritan divine and author ; d. 

1662 E.C.W. 

Ashe, St George, bishop of Cloyne 1695, Clogher 1697, 

Derry 1717; b. 1058, d. 1718 R.c.w. 

Ashe, Thomas, monk of Christ Church ; d. 1473 
Ashe, Thomas, English writer ; 1600 E.D. 

Ashe, Thomas, English traveller ; 1314 vv. 

Ashe, Thomas, English novelist ; d. 1835 
Ashe. See Asser. 

Asheburne, Thomas, English poet ; 1384 B. 

Ashenden, Thomas, Puritan divine ; 17th cent. 
Ashenton, John, English astronomer ; 1348 
Asher, one of the twelve patriarchs of Israel 
Asher, Adolphus, Eng. miscellaneous writer ; d. 1S53 
Asher, Ben Jechiel, rabbi, Jewish scholar and author ; 

d. 1321 R.o.z. 

Asher, Ben Joseph (Chasid the Pious), Polish rabbi 

and religious writer ; IGth cent. O.D. 

Asher, Ben Rabbi Peretz de Nicia, printer of Hebrew 

books ; 15th cent. B. 

Asher, Saul, of Berlin, Jewish author ; 18th cent. u. 
Ashfield, Edmund, Eng. painter in crayons ; 1695 "■ B.R. 
Ashford, William, English painter ; d. 1824 
Ashhurst, Henry, an Englishman noted for his piety 

and charity ; 1617*— 1G80 E. 

Ashik, Persian poet ; 1518— 1571 D. 

Ashley, Lord, member of the " Cabal ;" 1621—1683 
Ashley, Sir Anthony, English politician ; d. 1628 W. 
Ashley, Charles, English musician ; d. 1843 
Ashley, General C, English violinist, manager of the 

oratorios at Covent Garden Theatre ; d. 1818 K. 
AsMey, John, English poet ; 1599 



ASH 



65 



ASP 



AsMey, John, English iiolitical economist ; 1740 

Ashley, John, major-general in the American army ; 
1739—1799 E.A. 

Ashley, Jonathan, American divine ; 1713—1780 A.R. 

Ashley, K. G., English violinist ; d. 183G 

Ashley, Maurice, English metaphysician and trans- 
lator ; d. 1726 

Ashley, Ealpli, Jesuit martyr ; d. 1 GOG 

Ashley, Robert, English i^oet and miscellaneous writer; 
1565—1641 K.w.c. 

Ashley, Thomas, English divine ; d. 1532 q. 

Ashley, AVilliam, Puritan divine ; 1605 

Ashley, William H., American general ; d. 1838 A. 

Ashmole, Elias, English antiquary and author founder 
of the Museum at Oxford ; 1617—1692 W.K.C o. 

Ashraore, John, English poet; 1620 w.k.d. 

Ashmun, Eli P., American lawyer and senator; 1771* — 
1819 A. 

Ashmun, Jehudi, American coloniser and joui-nalist ; 
1794-1828 E.A. 

Ashmun, John Hooker, American professor of law ; 
1801—1833 A. 

Ashmuni, Ali-ben-Mohammed, author of a commen- 
tary on the "Isagoge of Porphyry" E. 

Ashraf, Malek al, son of Timur Tash, and sovereign of 
Persia ; d. 1355 E. 

Ashraf-Shah, king of Persia ; d. 1730 b.d. 

Ashton, Charles, English scholar, master of Jesus Col- 
lege ; 1665—1752 E.c.w. 

Ashton, Edward, English colonel ; ex. 1G58 

Ashton, Hugh, archdeacon of "Winchesier; d. 1522 l.q. 

Ashton, James, English Latin poet ; 1606 q. 

Ashton, Nicholas, English divine ; d. 1582 q. 

Ashton, Ralph, English military commander ; d. 1C50 

Ashton, Richard, abbot of Peterborough ; 1471 

Ashton, Sir Robert de, lord justice of Ireland, 1372 ; 
d. 1384 

Ashton, Robert, English dramatist ; 1727 

Ashton, Sophia Goodrich, American authoress; h. 
1819 a. 

Ashton, Sir Thos., English military commander; 1386 

Ashton, Sir Thomas, English alchemist ; 15tli cent. D. 

Ashton, Thomas, English divine, head-master of 
Shrewsbury school, 1562 ; d. 1578 q. 

Ashton, Thomas, English ecclesiastic and avithor ; 
b. 1631 w.K.o.c. 

Ashton, Thomas, English divine and author ; 1716 — 
1775 E.w. 

Ashton, "Walter, English divine ; d. 1623 

Ashurakhbal, or Sardanapalus I., king of Nineveh 
or Assyria ; B.C. 930 (Lapard) 

Ashurakhbal, or Sardanapalus III., king of Nineveh 
or Assyria ; B. C. 663 (Layard) 

Ashurkish, king of Nineveh or Assyria ; B.C. 782 

Ashurst, William Henry, English judge (1770) ; 1725 — 
1807 /. 

Ashwell, George, English divine and author ; 1612 — 
1693 E.c.w. 

Ashwell, John, English ecclesiastic, prior of New- 
ham Abbey ; 1527 _ E.g.Wi 

Ashwell, Thomas, Eng. church-music composer e. k. 

Ashwood, Bartholomew, English divine ; d. 1688 

Ashwood, John, English divine ; d. 1707 

Ashworth, Caleb, English dissenting minister ; 1721— 
1775 E.C.W. 

Ashworth, Sir Charles, Eng. military officer ; d. 1832 

Ashway, Raufie, mayor of London ; 1243 d. 

Ashwy, Stephen, sheriff of London ; 1255 d. 

Ashwy, William, sheriff of London ; 1257 d. 

Asiaticus, L. Corn. Scipio, consul of Rome ; B.C. 83 H. 

Asiaticus, P. Com. Scipio, consul of Rome ; 125 H. 

Asiaticus, Valerius, consul of Rome ; 46 H. 

Asians, bishop of Elpliin ; 450 c. 

Asina, Ca. Corn., consul of Rome ; B.C. 260—254 H. 

Asina, P. Com. Scipio, Roman consul; B.C. 221 x. 

Asinari, Federico, count of Camerano, Italian noble, 
professor of arms, and poet ; 1550* I.K.C. 



Asinari, Octavio, count of Camerano, Italian poet ; 
1580* i,j3. 

AsmeUi, architect of Bologna ; 1100 u.D. 

Asinius, C. Gallus Saloninus, son of Asinius Pollio, 
proconsul of Asia Minor ; B.C. 40— A. D. 33 H. R. 

Asinius, Giambattista, Ital. jurist and author; 1580 D. 

Asinius-Quadratus, Greek writer ; 3d cent. u. 

Asinius PoUio, governor of Spain, and consul of 
Rome ; B.C. 76— A. D. 4 h.R. 

Asioll, Bonifazio, Italian music composer and author : 
1769-1832 K.E.u! 

Asir-Ud-Din Akhsikti, Persian poet ; 1190* d. 

Asir-Ud-Din-Umani, Persian poet ; 13th cent. d. 

Asius of Samos, Greek poet ; 5th or 6th cent. B.C. D.x. 

Asjedl, Persian poet g.e. 

Aske, James, English poet ; 1588 k. 

Aske, Richard, English judge, 1649 ; d. 1655 F. 

Aske, Robert, English antiquary ; 1527 

Aske, Robert, Northern insurgent ; ex. 1537 

Aske, Robert, English public benefactor ; d. 1C88 

Askeby, Rob. de, lord-keeper of the Great Seal; 1316/. 

Askell, Leonard, English printer ; 1561 W. 

Askelof, John Christopher, Swedish author; b. 1787 D. 

Askeri, surname of AH X., Moslem khalif ; d. 867 E. 

Askew, Adam, English physician ; d. 1773 

Askew, ^geon, English divine ; 1605 

Askew, or Ascogh, Anne, English Lutheran contro- 
versialist and martyr ; 1521 — 1546 E.D.c. 

Askew, Anthony, English physician and book col- 
lector ; 1722 — 1772 e.d.c.w. 

Askew, Sir Christopher, sheriff of London, 1525 ; lord 
mayor, 1533 d. 

Aslacus, Conrad, Norwegian Lutheran divine and 
author ; 1564— 1624 d.r. 

Asmai, Abu - Said - Abd - al - malek - Ebn - Coraib - Al - 
Asmai, Arabian author ; 740 or 1—830 E. 

Asmizade Haleti Effendi, Turkish judge, poet, and 
orator ; 1569 — 1630 G.E. 

Asmund I., k. of Norway, Sweden, and Gotliland E. 

Asmund II., successor of Asmund I. E. 

Asmund III., k. of Denmark, Sweden, and Gothland E. 

Asmund IV., king of Sweden, in whose reign Chris- 
tianity was first i^reached K. 

Asmund V. {Kolbrenner), king of Sweden E. 

Asmund VI. (Slemme, or Gammel), king of Sweden E. 

Asmund, Tycho, Danish ecclesiastic, bishoj) of Lun- 
den; 1522—1586 E. 

Asne, Michel 1', French designer and engraver; 1596 - 
1667 D. 

Asner, Francis, German engraver, x'upil of Adam 
Napert ; b. 1742 _ E. 

Asner, Johann, German engraver, pupil of Dietel ; 
d. 1748 E. 

Asner, Leonard, German engraver, jivipil of Jean 
Manveld E. 

Asoka, or Dharmazoka, king of Magadha, India; 
B.C. 330* D. 

Asoph-Ed-Doula, nabob of Glide ; 1775 u.R. 

Asopios, Constantin, Gk. scholar and litt. ; b. 1801 F. 

Asopodorus, Greek statuary pupil of Polycletus D.R. 

Asordanes, king of Babylon ; B.C. 699 

Asordanus, or Nergilus, king of Nineveh ; B.C. 691 

Asp, Matthias, Swedish theologian ; 1696 — 1763 E. tJ. 

Asp, Pehr Olof, Swedish cUplomatist; 1745—1808 D.u. 

Aspach, Adam, Swiss portrait painter ; d. 1580 D. 

Aspach, Joseph Ben, Jewish surgeon O.D.Z. 

AspaU, Geoffrey de, English writer on natural his- 
tory ; 1286 

Aspar, Roman patrician and general ; d. 471 U.R. 

Aspasia, daughter of Hermotimus, priestess of the 
sun, and mistress of Cyrus ; B.C. 405* T).X. 

Aspasia of Miletus, mistress of Pericles ; B. c. 432 u. D. x. 

Aspasius, Greek sophist ; 40* K.D. 

Aspasius, secretary to Alexander Severus ; 231 

Aspasius of Byblos, Greek rhetorician ;^ 180* D. 

Aspasius of Ravenna, Greek sophist ; 3d cent. D. 

Aspect, d', French author; 18th cent. e.d. 



ASP 



66 



ASS 



Aspegren, Gustav Casten, Swedish naturalist ; 1791 — 

1828 D. 
Aspelin, David, Swedish poet ; 1780—1821 D. 
Aspelmayer, or Aspelmeyer, Franz, music composer, 

and ballet-master to the emp. of Austria; d.l786 k.d. 
Asper, iEmilius, Latin gram, and commentator D. 
Asper, Caius Julianus, favourite of Caracalla ; 220* D. 
Asper, Constant Ghilain Carl van Hoobrouck, Baron 

von, Austrian military officer ; 1754 — -1809 D.K.u. 
Asper, Hans Jean, Swiss painter; 1499—1571 B.U.C. 
Asper, Sulpicius, Roman centurion ; 70 D. 

Aspertino, Amico, Italian painter ; 1474—1552 T.B.U. 
Aspertino, Guido, Italian painter ; 1460*— 1495 B.T.U. 
Aspertus, o?' Asbertus, German ecclesiastical writer ; 

830*— 889 D. 

Aspetti, Tiziano, of Padua, Italian sculptor ; 1565 — 

1607 u.D. 

AspMtel, William Hurst, English architect ; d. 1852 
AspUcueta, JMartin, Spanish jurist, counsellor of 

Charles V., Phillip II., and Gregory XIII. ; 1493— 

1586 E.D. 

Aspilcueta, P. Juan (Havarro), Spanish missionary ; 

d. 1555 D. 

Aspin, J., English chronologist ; 1813 
Aspin, Williani, English divine ; 1GS4 
Aspinall, Nicholas, English classical scholar ; d. 1727 
Aspinwall, Edward, Euglish divine ; 1731 
AspinwaU, Peter, Puritan divine ; 16G2 
AspinwaU, Stanhope, English dramatist; d. 1771 
AspinwaU, William, Puritan divdne ; (/. 1648 
AspinwaU, William, American phyg.; 1743-1823 A.K. 
Aspland, Rob. , Unitarian divine and author ; d. 1 845 W. 
Aspley, John, English writer on navigation ; 1660 K. 
Asplin, Samuel, English divine ; 1715 W. 

Asplin, William, English divine ; 1728 
Asplind, Swedisli mechanician ; 1750* K.D. 

Asplund, Arnold, Swedish writer ; 1736—1815 D. 
Asplund, John, American divine ; d. 1807 A. 

Asporacius, consul of Rome ; 452 H. 

Aspre, Constantin, Baron, Austrian field-marshal ; 

1789—1850 D. 

Aspre. See Asper. 

Aspremont, d', governor of Bayonne ; 1570 K.u. 

Aspremont, Francois de la Mothe Villebert, Vicomte 

d', French engineer and general ; d. 1678 R.U.D. 
Asprenas, nephew of Quintilius Varus ; 1st cent. D. 
Asprenas, L. ISTonnius, consul of Rome ; 94 H. 

Asprenas, P. JSTonnius, consul of Rome ; 38 H. 

Asprucci, Antonio, Italian architect ; 1723— 1808 R. 
Asprucci, Mario, Italian architect, son of Antonio 

Asprucci ; 1764 — 1804 E. 

Aspruck, Frantz, Germ, designer and engraver b.k.d. 
AspuU, George, English pianist ; 1813—1832 K.D. 
Asquini, Basile, Italian biographer ; 1682—1745 I.D. 
Asquini, Fabio, Italian naturalist and agriculturalist ; 

1726-1818 D.K. 

Assad, or Azad Khan, Afghan warrior; 1715*— 

1780 E.u. 

Assad-Ed-Doulah (Lion of the State), chief of the 

Beni-Elhelab Arabs ; (/. 1029 E. 

Assafadi, Arabian writer ; 1296—1362 d. 

Assaid, sultan of western Africa ; 1242 d. 

Assakl, G., Roumanian statesman and poet ; b, 1788 P. 
Assalectus, Roman sculptor e.d. 

AssaUni, Pietro, Ital. military surg.; 1765 — 1840* D. 
As-Samaani, Abusad-Abdul-Kerim-Ibn-Abibeke-Mo- 

hammed - At - Temimi - Almerwazi, Mohammedan 

writer; 1113—1166 D. 

As-SamlL, Ibn-Melik-Al-Khaulani, governor of Spain ; 

8th cent. D. 

Assandro, Giambattista, Italian jurist ; 1610 i.d. 
Assaracco, Saracco Andrea, Italian historian; 151(i D. 
Asaarino, Lucas, Italian historian and romance writer; 

1607—1672 u.w. 

Assarotti, Ottavio-Giovanni-Battista, founder of the 

asvlum for the deaf and dumb at Genoa; 1753 — 

1829 U.K. 



Assas, Nicolas, Chevalier d', French captain ; d. 

1760 u.D. 

Asschenbergh, Hermanns, Dutch writ.; 1717—1793 k. 
Asscherades, Carl Gustav Schultz, Swedish diploma- 
tist; d. 1799 D. 
Asschoonbeck, Adrian, Dutch etcher ; 1690 b.k. 
Asseburg, Rusamund, Juliana de, German female 

visionary ; 15th cent. E. 

Asselin, Gilles-Thomas, Fr. poet ; 1682-1767 U.R.C. 
Asseline, Jean Rene, French professor of Hebrew, 

bishop of Boulogne ; 1742—1813 E. 

Asselyn, Jan {Crabbctje), Dutch landscape painter ; 

1610—1660 B.U.C. 

Assemani, Joseph Aloysius, professor of the Oriental 

languages at Rome ; d. 1782 R. 

Assemani, Josef Simon, Syrian Maronite, orientalist, 

librarian at the Vatican ; 1087 — 1768 G.Q.C.W. 

Assemani, Simon, Syrian Maronite and orientalist ; 

1752-1821 G.Q. 

Assemani, Stephen Evodius, orientalist, author, and 

librarian at the Vatican G.Q.C.W. 

Assen, Jan van, Dutch landscape and figure painter ; 

1635—1695 E.N.B. 

Assen, John Walthervan, Dutch engraver upon wood; 

b. 1490* B.E. 

Assenede, Didier, or Thierri d', French translator and 

j)oet ; 14th cent. e.d. 

Asser, or Ashe, Jewish savant, author or compiler of 

the " Babylonian Talmud ;" 353—427 R.z.U.o.c. 
Asser, bishop of Sherborne, friend and biographer of 

Alfred, 895*; d. 910 JH.B.l.d. 

Asser, Franciskas Walter van, Dutch engraver on 

wood ; b. 1480 U. 

Asser, Rigaud, bp. of Winchester, 1320 ; d. 1323 d.I. 
Asserius (Mencvensis), monk of St David's, historian ; 

d. 910 c.w. 

Asserto, Giov., Italian painter ; 1600—1649 b.u.D.t. 
Assey, Charles, English writer on India ; d. 1821 
Assezan, Pader d', French dramatic author ; 1644 — 

1696 u.D. 

Asshe, Henri van, Flemish landscape painter ; 1774* — 

1841 b. 

Assheton, Abdias, English divine ; d. 1633 
Assheton, Nicholas, EngUsh diarist ; d. 1625 
Assheton, William, English divine and author ; 

1641—1711 W.E.O. 

Asshod. See Asclidod. 
Assignies, Jean d', Carthusian and author; 1562 — 

1642 D.Q.u. 

Assigny, Marius, English theologian and author; 

1643—1717 D.u.w. 

Assing, Rose Mary, Dutch poetess ; 1783—1840 D. 
Assisi, Andrea di {L'Ingegno), Italian painter; 1470^ 

1556 T. B.R.N. 

Assisi, Tiberio, or Tiberius Diatelvi, Italian painter ; 

16th cent. T. 

Asso Y Del Rio, Ignacio Jordan, Spanish jurist, natu« 

raUst, and author ; 1770 C.D.W. 

Assoliayli, Abul-Kasim-Abdar-Rahman-Ibn-Moham- 

med-Al-Kath-ami, Arabian writer; 1115 — 1185 D.C. 
AssoUant, Jean Baptiste Alfred, Fr. author ; b. 1827 
Assomption, Charles d', Flemish theologian and 

author ; 1625—1686 . . D. 

Assomption, Juste de 1', Fr. theol.; 1612—1679 D. 
AssonvUle, Guillaume, French phys.; 16th cent. D. 
Assoucy, Charles Coypeau d', French burlesque poet ; 

1604—1679 u.R.c.w. 

Assum, Johann Augustin, German biographer; 1577 — 

1634 Q.D. 

AssTim, Johann Christoph, German jurist and author ; 

1581—1651 Q.D. 

Assump9ao-VelllO, Joachim, Portuguese natural phil- 
osopher; 1753—1793 D.R.U. 
Assumpijao, Joze, Portuguese theologian and author ; 

d. 1751 _ T.D.u. 

Assunto, Onorio deU', Italian Carmelite and author ; 

1639—1716 D.I. 



ASS 



67 



ATH 



Assurd, Antoine, French typograi^her ; 1519 D. 

Ast, Bartholomew van der, of Utrecht, painter of still 
life ; 1629 _ B. 

Ast, Georg Anton Friedrich, German author and philo- 
sopher; 1778—1841 D. 

Asta, Andrea dell', Ital. painter ; 1673—1721 K.R.B.T. 

Astarita, Francesco, Italian music composer ; 1749 — 
1803 _ u. 

Astarita, Gennaro, Italian music composer K.E. 

Astarius, or Astiarius, Blaise, Italian physician and 
author; 1508 D. 

Astarloa, Pedro, Franciscan and writ. ; 19th cent. D. 

Astarloa Y Aguirre, Don Pablo Pedro, Spanish lin- 
guist; 1752—1806 D. 

Astasi, Giuseppe, Roman painter ; d. 1725 n.d. 

Astbury, J — — , of Sheltore, English earthenware and 
china manufacturer ; 1678 — 1743 D. 

Aste, Francesco Maria dell', archbishop of Otranto; 
1654-1719 i.D. 

Astell, James Pynophilas, English alchemist ; d. 
1075 Q.D. 

Astell, Mary, English authoress ; 1668—1731 K.w.c. 

Aster, Carl Heini-ich, German colonel and military 
writer ; 6. 1782 _ _ T>. 

Aster, Ernest Ludwig, Prussian general ; b. 1778 D. 

Asterio, Greek statuary D.E.X. 

Asterius, Atheniaa archon ; B.C. 373 H. 

Asterlus, metropolitan of Amasia ; 4th cent. r.w. 

Asterius, Greek sophist ; 4th cent. E.D. 

Asterius, bishop of Amasia, in Pontus, and author; 
4th cent. r.d. 

Asterius of Cappadocia, writer in favour of Arian- 
ism ; 335 C 

Astesan, Nicolas, French officer ; 1449 D. 

Astesano, Italian theologian ; d. 1330 I.D. 

Astesano, Antonio, Italian poet ; 1412 K.u. 

Astesati, Gian Andrea, Italian Benedictine and his- 
torian ; 1673—1747 i.D. 

Astey, John, Independent minister ; d. 1730 

Asti.Donat Antonio dell', Italian jurist; 18tb cent. I.D. 

Astle, Thomas, English archaeologist, antiquary, and 
author; 1735 — 1803 (/.r.d.c.w. 

Astley, Sir Bernard, English commander in the civil 
war; 1645 

Astley, Herbert, English divine ; d. 1681 

Astley, Hugh, English printer and bookseller; 1600 w. 

Astley, Sir Jacob, royalist officer ; d. 1651 K. 

Astley, John, Eng. portrait painter ; d. 1787 b.r.d.c. 

Astley, John, EngUsh author, treasurer of her 



g.w. 
w. 



w. 



Majesty's jewels, 1558 ; d. 1595 
Astley, Joseph, English chemist ; 1801 
Astley, Richard, dissenting minister ; d. 1691 
Astley, Thomas, English bookseller ; d. 1759 
Astley, Philip, English avithor ; d. 1814 
Astley, Philip, founder of the Circus in England, and 

author; 1742-1814 D. 

AstOlfi, Gian Felix, Ital. theoL and author; 1604 I.D. 
Astolphus, or Astolfo, king of the Lombards, 749 ; 

d. 756 U.R. 

Aston, Andrew, sub-prior of Bury ; 1426 
Aston, Anthony, Eng. actor and dramatist; 1710 C.R. 
Aston, Sir Arthur, EngUsh military officer, governor 

of Drogheda ; d. 1649 B.C. 

Aston, Sir Ai-thur Ingram, English dipl. ; h. 1798 F. 
Aston, Christopher, English conspirator ; 1556 
Aston, Edward, English translator ; 1011 
Aston, Harvey, English colonel ; d. 1799 
Aston, Henry Harvey, English divine ; 1745 
Aston, Hugh, EngUsh musician ; 1540 
Aston, Joseph, Eng. dramatist and journalist; 1847 
Aston, Louisa, German eccentric writer ; b. 1820 
Aston, R. , EngUsh lawyer ; 1673 
Aston, Sir Richard, EngUsh judge, 1765 ; d. 1778 
Aston, Robert, English dramatist ; 1727 
Aston, Sir Roger, master of the Wardrobe ; d. 1612 
Aston, Sir Thomas, royaUstand author ; (/. 1645 w.R.C. 
Aston, Thomas, English divine aud author ; 1691 w. 



Aston, Sir "Walter, English ambassador to Spain : 

1579*— 1639 R.' 

Aston, William, English Jesuit ; d. 1800 
Astor, Diego de. Span, engraver upon copper ; 1009 D, 
Astor, John Jacob, capitalist, founder of a public 

library in New York ; 1763—1848 d.A. 

Astorga, Antonio Pedro Alvarez Olorio, Marquis of, 

Span, diplomatist and viceroy of Naples ; 1675 D.u. 
Astorga, Emmanuele, Baron, Italian music com- 
poser ; 1686—1755* k.e.u. 
Astori, Giovanni- Antonio, Italian hellenist, antiquary, 

and litterateur ; 1672 — 1743 D.C.i.U.w, 

Astorini, Elia, ItaHan translator of Euclid's Elements ; 

1651-1702 W.I.D.C. 

Astrampsycbus, Greek poet u.d. 

Astrey, Richard, EngUsh antiquaiy ; d. 1714 
Astrie, Sir Raphe, lord mayor of London ; 1493 d. 
Astronome, L', French anonymous chi-onicler and 

astronomer; 9th cent. c.U.D. 

Astros, Paul Therese David d', French cardinal, 

abp. of Toulouse and Narbonne ; 1772 — 1851 d. 
Astrua, Giovanna, Italian singer ; 1725 — 1758 r. 

Astruc, Jean, French M.D., metaphysician, and 

author ; 1684 — 1766 w.e.tj.c. 

Astry, Francis, EngUsh divine ; 1733 
Astry, Sir James, English lawyer and antiquary; 1094 
Astry, Sir Samuel, Eng. clerk of the Crowu ; d. 1704 
Astry, Thomas, Puritan divine ; 1683 
Asturius, consul of Rome ; 449 H. 

Astwulf, bishop of Dunwich ; 675*— 731* d.l. 

Asty, Henry de, chief baron of the Exchequer; 1377 /. 
Astyages, king of Media ; B.C. 595—560 u.i;. 

Astydamas, Greek writer of tr.agedies ; B.C. 398 d.r. 
Astydamas (the Youmjer), Greek writer of tragedies ; 

B.C. 372 d.r. 

Astylus (Crotoniensis), Olympic victor; B.C. 488 h. 
Astylus (Si/7'acusiensis), Olympic victor; B.C. 484 H. 
Astymedes, Rhodian chief ; B.C. 171''' D, 

Astyochos, Greek admiral d. 

AstyphUus, Athenian archon ; B.C. 420 H. 

Asula, or Asola, Gian Matteo, or Gian Maria, Italian 

music composer ; 1570 D. 

Asulanus, or Asolano, or D'Asola, Andrea, Italian 

printer ; 1500 D. 

AsycMs, king of Egypt ; B.C. 1052* U.K. 

Atace, king of the Alans ; d. 419 R. 

Atahualpa, last king of Peru ; d. 1533 R. 

Ataide, Lewis d', count d'Atougia, Portuguese viceroy 

of the Indies; d. 1580 E.U.D. 

Atamesh, Turkish or Tartar officer and conspirator R. 
Atanagi, Denis, Ital. litterateur; 1510—1570 i.u.d.c. 
Atar (the Karaite), Jewish wiiter U.O.d. 

Atar, Chiam ben, Jewish theologian ; 1730* O.D. 

Atar, Cohen, Egypt. Jewish apothecary; 13 th cent. O.D. 
Atar, Dav. ben, Jewish rabbi and poet ; 16th cent. O.D. 
Atar, Samuel ben, Jewish writer; 16th cent.* U.o.D. 
Ataulpbus, king of the Visigoths in Spain, 410 ; d. 

415 U.R. 

Ataulphus. See Adolphiis. 
Atcherley, David Francis, English miscellaneous 

Avriter; d. 1845 
Atcheson, Nathaniel, English soUcitor and law writer ; 

1800 w. 

Atchison, David R., American senator; b. 1807 e. 
Atenion, Greek painter ; B.C. 332 U. 

Atenulphus I., prince of Capua, duke of Benevento ; 

d. 910 U.D. 

Atenulphus IL, prince of Capua and Benevento, 

910; d. 940 U.D. 

Athalaric, k. of the Ostrogoths in Italy, 526; d. 534 U.D. 
Athaliah, queen of Jmlwa ; B.C. 927-878 D. 

Athalin, Claude Francois, French professor of medi- 
cine ; 1701—1782 ' K-U- 
Atha-Melih, Persian poet and historian, governor of 

Bagdad: 1228-1283 . ,. U-R. 

Atlianagild, king of the Visigoths in Spam, 5o4-67 ; 

d. 567 K-U. 



ATH 



68 



ATK 



Athanaric, king of the Visigoths in Sijain, 369; d. 
381 u.D. 

Athanasio, Don Pedro (Bocanegra), Spanish painter ; 
1638— Hi88 _ B.u.D.K. 

Athanasius, St, archbishop of Alexandria, father of 
the Greek Church ; 296 — 376 d.W.r.u.c. 

Athanasius, eccles. of the church at Alexandria ; 451 D. 

Athanasius, bishop of Naples, 877 ; d. 900 u.R. 

Athanasius, Greek jurist ; 6th cent. D. 

Athanasius, patriarch of Constantinople ; 1289 w.D. 

Athanasius, Ivanov, archbishop of Kateronoslav ; 
1750*— 1805 E. 

Atliauasius, Kondoide, bp. of Vologda, and tutor of 
the Russ. poet, Prince Antioeh Kantimir ; d. 1737 R. 

Athanasius, Nikitin, Russian merchant and travel- 
ler ; 1460 R. 

Athanasius, Peter, Greek author ; 1652 R. 

Athanis, writer on the affairs of Sicily R. 

Atheas, or Ateas, king of the Scythians ; B.C. 350 ■'' D. u. 

Athelard, archbishop of Canterbury, 790 ; d. 803 c. 

Athelard. See Adelard. 

Athelm, bishop of Wells 909, archbishop of Chanter- 
bury 914 ; d. 923 d.h. 

Athelred, archbishop of Canterbury, 870 ; d. 803 

Athelstan, king of Kent ; 836 

Athelstane, king of England (925-40) ; 895—940 R.D. 

Athenseus of Naucratis, Greek gram. ; 200 r.U.c.d. 

Athenseus, engineer of Byzantium ; B.C. 200* C.U. 

Athenseus, physician of Attalia, in CUicia, founder of 
the Pneuniiitic sect P.C.£r.E.u.x. 

Athenseus, Athenian archon ; B.C. 536 H. 

Athenseus, Greek mathematician; B.C. 210 W.U.R. 

Athenseus, Greek statuary; B.C. 150* e.x. 

Athenagoras, Greek physician and med, author E.X. 

Athenagoras, Greek Christian Platonist ; 168 w.D.c. 

Athenais {Aelia-Eudoxia), empress of the East; d. 
460 U. 

Athenas, Pierre-Louis, French archjeologist, natural- 
ist, and author ; 1752 — 1829 D.U. 

Athenion, Greek comic poet D.x. 

Athenion, Greek i^ainter B.R.X. 

Athenion, Greek physician ; 2nd cent.* B.C. (?) D.x. 

Athenion, Cilician cliief of the revolted slaves in 
Sicily ; d. B.C. 101 U.D. 

Athenis of Ohio, Greek painter, sculptor, and archi- 
tect ; 6th cent. B.C. U. 

Athenocles, Greek engraver and embosser D.x. 

Athenodorus, one of the three sculptors at Rhodes 
who executed the group of the Laocoon D.x. 

Athenodorus, preceptor of Octavianus ; B.C. 30 H.x. 

Athenodorus, pupil of Origen ; 232 

Athenodorus of .ffinos, Greek rhetorician ; 2nd cent. D. 

Athenodorus of Clitor, Greek statuary; B.C. 480* D.x. 

Athenodorus Cordylio of Tarsus, Stoic philosopher ; 
1st cent. B.€. D.R.x. 

Athenodorus of Rhodes, Greek rhetorician D.x. 

Athenodorus of Teos, Greek player on the cithara ; 
B.C. 324 D.x. 

Athenogenes, Christian martyr D. 

Atherades, Olympic victor ; b. c. 700 h. 

Atherley, Ednmnd Gibson, English lawyer ; d. 1815 

Atherstone, Edwin, English poet ; lUth cent. M. 

Atherton, Charles G., Amor, senator; 1800—1853 A.e. 

Atherton, Charles Humphi-ey, American representa- 
tive ; 1773-1853 e.x. 
Atherton, Henry, English physician ; d. 1694 
Atherton, Humphrey, major-general in America ; d. 
1661 _ A.R.e. 
Atherton, John, bishop of Lismore and Waterford, 
(1636); 1598-1640 c.K. 
Atherton, Sir William, Eng. politician ; 1800—1864 M. 
Athey, John, high admiral of England ; 1318 
Athias, Emmanuel ben Joseph, Dutch Jewish scholar 
and printer ; rf. 1700 C.c.U.D. 
Athias, Isiiac, Spanish Jewish author in Amsterdam ; 
1626 _ _ E.D.z. 
Athias, Jos. , rabbi and printer at Amsterdam ; 1061 W. 



Athias, Solomon, rabbi of Jenisalem, author of a com- 
mentary on the Psalms ; 1549 o.Z.E. 

Athir, Ebn Abulhaasan Ali Ezzeddin Al Zezeri, Mo- 
hammedan historian ; d. 1233 r. 

Athir, Ebn, Abulsaadat Almobarek Majdeddin Al 
Jezeri, Mohammedan commentator ; d. 1210 E. 

Athlone, Willem de Reide de Ginkell, Earl of, Dutch 
general in the English army ; 1640 — 1703 U. 

Atholl. See Murray. 

Athrau, Davydd ddu, Welsh poet ; 14th cent. 

Athrwys, king of Glamorgan ; 575 

Athryllatus, Greek physician of Thaso ; B.C. 2-5* D.X, 

Athulf, bishop of Hereford ; 965* d.l. 

Atia, niece of Julius Cpesar ; d. B.C. 43 D.X. 

Atienza Calatrava, Martin, Spanish painter, one of 
the founders of the Academy at Seville in 1660 D. 

Atilianus, consul of Rome ; 135 

Atilicinus, Roman jurist ; 2ud cent. D. 

Atilius, Lucius, Roman tribune and plebian consul ; 
B.C. 386* D.X. 

Atilius, Lucius, Roman tribune ; B.C. 311 d.x. 

Atilius, Lucius, commander of the Roman garrison of 
Locris in second Punic war ; B.C. 215 D.X. 

Atilius, Lucius, Roman preetor ; B.C. 197 D.X. 

Atilius, Lucius, Roman jurist ; 2nd cent. B.C. D.x. 

Atilius, constructor of an amphitheatre ; 20* D. 

Atilius, Marcus, Rom. dram, poet; 3d cent. B.C. (?) D.X. 

Atimetus, P. Attius, Roman "physician to Augustus 
Caesar; 1st cent. B.C. E.X. 

Atis, French flautist ; d. 1784* D.E. 

Atius, Lucius, Roman military tribune ; 178 D. 

Atius, Pelignius Cains, partisan of Pompey; B.C. 49 D.X. 

Atkey, Anthony, English divine ; 1732 

Atkins, Abraham, Euglish miscellaneous writer; 1796 

Atkins, Elisha, American divine ; d. 1839 A. 

Atkins, George, English geologist ; d. 1832 

Atkins, Henry, English physician ; d. 1635 

Atkins, Henry, American navigator ; 1729 A. 

Atkins, Henry, canon of Chichester ; d. 1842 

Atkins, Isaac, Jewish writer ; 17th cent. K. 

Atkins, James, bishop of Moray and Galloway ; 161.3 — 
1687 A;.c.R.w. 

Atkins, James, English poet ; 1819 

Atkins, John, sheriff of London, ] 809 ; lord mayor, 
1818 ' d. 

Atkins, John, English naval surgeon, author, and 
traveller ; d. 1757 C.D.K. 

Atkins, Richard, English engineer ; 1618 

Atkins, Robert, English divine ; 1626—1685 E. 

Atkins, Samuel, Puritan divine ; 1662 

Atkins, Samuel, English politician ; 1702 

Atkins, Sir Thomas, lord mayor of London ; 1044 d. 

Atkins, AVilliam, English Jesuit ; d. 1681 

Atkins, Wniiam, English empiric ; 1694 

Atkins. See Atkyns. 

Atkinson, Benjamin Andrew, English Presbyterian 
divine and autlior ; 1725 Q.D. 

Atkinson, Christopher, Euglish divme ; d. 1654 W. 

Atkinson, Edmund, English herald ; d. 1576 

Atkinson, George Franlclin, English author ; d. 1860 

Atkinson, Henry, English mathematician and philo- 
sophical writer ; 1786* — 1831 K. 

Atkinson, Henry, American brigadier-general ; 1780^ 
1842 A. 

Atkinson, Isaac, English highwayman ; d. 1640 

Atkinson, Israel, American phys. ; 1740—1822 A.E. 

Atkinson, James, English divine ; 1729 

Atkinson, James, English poet ; 1801 

Atkinson, John Augustus, English writer on manners, 
customs, .and costume ; 1800 W. 

Atkinson, Joseph, Irish wit and dramatist ; 1743 — 
1818 E. 

Atkinson, Miles, English divine ; d. 1811 W. 

Atkinson, Paul, Franciscan ; d. 1729 

Atkinson, Peter, English divine ; d. 1677 

Atkinson, Peter, Euglish architect ; d. 1805 

Atkinson, Peter, English architect ; d. 1842 



ATK 



69 



AUB 



Atkinson, Eichard, English divine, provost of King's 
College ; (/. 1556 q- 

Atkinson, Robert, English lawyer ; 1563 
Atkinson, Simon, Puritan divine ; 1694 
Atkinson, Theodore, chief -justice of New Hampshire ; 
d. 1779 A.R. 

Atkinson, Thomas, Eng. divine and poet ; d. 1633 E. 
Atkinson, Thomas, English architect ; 17G9 
Atkinson, Thomas, Scottish poet ; d. 1833 
Atkinson, Thomas Witlam, English architect and 
traveller ; h. 1799 e. 

Atkinson, William, canon of Lincoln ; d. 1509 l.q. 
Atkinson, "William, English architect ; d. 1839 w. 
Atkyns, Edward, English baron of the Exchequer 
(1660) ; 1587—1669 /. 

Atkyns, Sir Edward, English chief baron of the Ex- 
chequer, 1686 ; d. 1698 /. 
Atkyns, John Tracy, English judge (1760), law writer ; 
d. 1773 /.c.D.w. 
Atkyns, Kichard, English topographical writer ; 1615 — 
1677 w.o.c. 
Atkyns, Sir Eobert, English politician and chief baron 
of the Exchequer ; 1621—1709 D./. K. w. C. 
Atkyns, Sir Robert, English topographical writer; 
1647—1711 w.K.c. 
Atkyns. See Atkins. 

Atlee, Samuel John, Amer. colo-nel ; 1738 — 1786 A. 

Atlee, Washington L., Amer. med. writ.; h. 1808 a. 

Atlee, William Augustus, Amer. judge ; d. 1793 A. 

Atley, James, bishop of Hereford, 1868 ; h. 1817 

Atmore, Charles, English divine ; 1813 

Atondo Y Antillon, D. Isidore, Span, admiral ; 1680 D. 

Atossa, successively consort of Cambyses, Smerdis, 

and Darius; 5th cent. B.C. U.D.X. 

Atratinus, A. Sempronius, Roman consular tribune ; 

B.C. 444 H.x. 

Atratinus, A. Sempronius, Roman consular tribune ; 

B.C. 416 H.x. 

Atratinus, A. Sempronius, consul of Rome ; 89 h. 

Atratinus, C. Sempronius, Roman consul ; B.C. 497 H.x. 

Atratinus.L. Sempronius, Roman consul; B.C. 444 H.x. 

Atratus, Hugh, English mathematician, physician, 

and cardinal, 1281 ; d. 1287 U. 

Atrocianus, Johann, German Latin poet and botanist ; 

d. 1540* U.D. 

Atropates, or Atrapes, Persian satrap of Media ; B.C. 

350* D.x. 

Atsiz, or Itsiz, sovereign of Khwarizm ; d. 1156 K. 

Atslow, Edward, English phys. ; 16th cent. K. 

Atsyll, Richard, English engraver; 16th cent.^ D. 

Atta, Titus Quintius, Roman comic poet; B.C. 76 U.D.X. 

Attaignant, Gabriel-Charles de 1', French canon of 

Rheims, and satiric poet ; 1697—1779 W.U.C. 

Attaignant, Pierre, French printer ; d. 1556 D. 

Attaji, or Attiadji, Newi Zade, Turkish poet ; 1583 — 

1635 D. 

Attale, Flavins Priscus, Roman emp., 409 ; d. 417 U. 

Attalio, Greek xjhysician and commentator E. 

Attaliota, Michael, judge and proconsul of Byzantia ; 

1070 E.u. 

Attalus, Athenian sciilptor E.D.x. 

Attains I., k. of Pergamus (b.c. 241) ; 269—197 U.D. 

Attalus II., k. of Pergamus (B.C. 157); 219—138 e.d. 

Attalus III., last king of Pergamus (b. c. 137) ; d. 

132 D.u. 

Attalus, general of Philip of Macedon ; B.c. 370 D.x. 

Attalus, gen. of Alexander the Great: B.C. 330 D.X. 

Attalus, Greek mathematician ; B.C. 160* D. 

Attalus, Stoic philosopher ; B.C. 20 D.x. 

Attalus, Greek physician ; 2nd cent. D.R. 

Attalus, Catholic priest ; 380 D. 

At-Tamimi, Arabian physician ; 10th cent. D. 

Attar, Jerideddin, Persian poet ; 1119—1202 E.D. 

Attar, or Athar, Khodjah, regent of the kingdom of 

Ormnz ; d. 1513 D. 

Attardi, Eouaventure, Italian monk and writer; 

1738 W.E.D.c. 



Attavante, Fiorentino, Italian miniature painter; 
1450 _ T.R. 

Attavanti, Paolo, Italian ecclesiastic and writer ; 
1419-1499 w.i.R.c! 

Atteius, Prretextatus {tkt Philologist), Roman gram- 
marian ; B.C. 50 D.x. 

Attejus, Capito, Roman Jurist, consul (b.c. 7) ; d. 23 u. 

Attena, Ullrich, Dutch suppoi-ter of the Reformation ; 
1470—1536 G.E. 

Attendolo, Dario, Italian jurist ; 1.560 w.E.u.C. 

Attendolo, Giovanni Eaptista, Italian ecclesiastic and 
poet ; d. 1.592 or 3 w.i.k.c. 

Attenduli, Margaret d', sister of Sforza, duke of 
Milan ; h. 1375* 

Attertoom, Peter Daniel Amadeus, Swedish looet : 6. 
1790 D. 

Atterbury, Francis, bishop of Rochester (1713), author; 
1662—1733 w.?.c.K.Q. 

Atterbury, Lewis, English ecclesiastic and author: 
1631—1693 W.E.D.c. 

Atterbury, Lewis, English divine and lawyer ; 1656— 
1731 E.W.C. 

Atterbury, Luflman, English glee composer; 18th 
cent. D.E. 

Attersol, William, Eng. divine and author ; 1633 w. 

Attey, John, English musician ; 1610 k.d. 

Attlialin, Louis Slarie Jean Bax^tiste, Baron, French 
genera] ; h. 1784 r. 

Atticus, Platonic ]ihiIosopher ; 2nd cent. E.U. 

Atticus, consul of Rome ; 397 H. 

Atticus, patriarch of Constantinople ; 406 W.R. 

Atticus, C. Vettius, consul of Rome ; 242 h. 

Atticus, Dionysius, Greek rhetorician of Pergamus ; 
B.C. 50 D.x. 

Atticus, Julius, father of Herodes Atticus B. 

Atticus, M. Vestiuus, consul of Rome ; 65 H. 

Atticus, Titus-Pomponius, Roman knight and his- 
torian ; B.C. 109—32 E.u.x. 

Attila, kuig of the Huns, 434; d. 453 e.d. 

Attilianus, Greek sculptor E.x. 

Attilus, king of Sweden E.U. 

Attinghausen, Swiss landamraan ; 1206 D. 

Attiret, John-Denis, Frencli Jesuit, painter, and mis- 
sionary to China ; 1702 — 1768 u.D.E.C. 

Attius. See Accius. 

Atto, French monk, bishop of Vercelli and writer ; 
d. 960* D.E. 

Atto, monk, chapl.ain to the empress Agnes, and trans- 
lator ; 11th cent. R. 

Atto, French monk, bishop of Troyes ; 1122 E. 

Attucks, Ci'ispus, mulatto leader in Boston ; d. 1770 e. 

AttumoneUi, Micheli, Italian phys. ; 1753—1826 E.U. 

Attwater, Russell, American soldier ; d. 1851 e. 

Attwood, Matthias, English banker ; d. 1851 

Attwood, Richard, English antiquary and wit ; d. 1734 

Attwood, Thomas, English composer and musician ; 
1767—1838 K.E. 

Attwood, Thomas, English judge, philanthropist, and 
author; d. 1793 _ D- 

Attwood, Thomas, English politician ; d. 1856 

Attwood, Will., Eng. political writer; d. 1705 D.W. 

Atty, Sir Arthur, English scholar, secretary to the 
earl of Leicester ; d. 1604 E. 

Atwater, AVilliam, bp. of Lincoln, 1514; dl. 1521 d.l. 

Atwell, George, English surveyor ; 17th cent. E. 

Atwell, Hugh, English divine and physician ; d. 1617 

Atwell, Hugh, English actor; d. 1621 E. 

Atwell, Joseph, Eng. miscellaneous writer -yd. 1/68 w. 

Atwell, Zachariah, American captain ; 1787 — 1847 A. 

Atwood, George, English mathematician and author ; 
1745—1807 ^ '^^•^•c- 

Atwood, Harman, English lawyer ; d. 1677 _ 

Atze, Christian Gottlieb, German Protestant ecclesi- 
astic and writer ; d. 1826 J ii-K ^' 

Atzyz, sovereign of Kharisnie, in Persia; d. llo5 D.U. 

Aubais, Charles de Baschi, Marquis of, French histo- 
rian and geographer ; 1686-1777 W.U.D.O. 



AXJB 



70 



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Auban, Marquis de St, French general ; d. 1783 K.U. 
Auber, French writer; d. 1803 K.U. 

Auber, Charles, French ecclesiastic ; 1839 F. 

Auber, Daniel Francois Esprit, French musician and 
composer; 1784 k.d.ji. 

Auber, TheoiAile Charles Emmanuel Edouard, French 
physician and writer ; 6. 1805 F. 

Auberge, Firmin Louis, Fr. representative ; h. 1788 F. 
Auberinus, Caius, Ital. scholar at Cambridge ; d. 1504 q. 
Auberlen, Samuel Gottlieb, German organist and 
composer; 6. 1758 k.d. 

Aubermesnil, Stanislas Jules Lemoyne d', French re- 
presentative ; h. 1792 F. 
Aubernon, Philijjpe, French military commissary ; 
1757—1832 E.U. 
Auber t, bishop of Cambrai and Arras ; d. CG8 U.E. 
Aubert, bishop of Avranches ; d. 725 U.K. 
Aubert, or Gaubert de Puicibot, French troubadour ; 
d. 1263* K.U. 
Aubert {le Pere), French Jesuit and writer ; 1710 
Aubert, Alexander, English antiquary and author ; 
d. 1805 w. 
Aubert, Ana'is, French actress ; b. 1802 D.F. 
Aubert, Augustiu, French painter • 1781—1832 n.b.d. 
Aubert, Constance {Junot d' Abrantes), French femvie 
des lettres; b. 1803 F. 
Aubert, Daniel, Swiss litterateur ; 1706 D. 
Aubert, Fsi^rit, French ecclesiastic and litterateur ; 
1610 D.Q. 
Aubert, Fran9ois, French physician ; 1692—1782 K.u. 
Aubert, Fran9ois, Frencii physician and author ; 
1695—1760 D.K.c. 
Aubert, Frangois, French ecclesiastic and litterateur ; 
1709—1770 _ D. 
Aubert, Guillaume, sieur de Massouignes, French 
advocate and author ; 1534 — IGOl D.u.w. 
Aubert, HubertFrangoiSjFr. biographer; &.1720* U.D. 
Aubert, Jacques, French philosopher, physician, and 
author ; d. 1586 w.U.D.C. 
Aubert, Jacques {le Vieux), French violinist and 
composer; d. 1753 K.D. 
Aubert, Jean, French engraver ; 1700 K.B. 
Aubert, I'Abbe Jean-Louis, French critic and fabulist ; 
1731—1814 D.u. 
Aubert, Jean Ernest, Frencli engraver, lithograj»her, 
and water-colour pfiinter ; &. 1824 B.F. 
Aubert, Louis, French painter; 18th cent. d. 
Aubert, Louis, Fr. music composer; 1720—1800* K.D. 
Aubert, Michel, French engraver ; 1700 — 1757 B.N.u. 
Aubert, Pauline, French actress ; b. 1802 
Aubert, Piei-re, French counsellor and hist. ; 1620 D. 
Aubert, Pierre, French jurist and litterateur ; 1642— 
1733 W.D.u.c. 
Aubert, Pierre Francois Olivier, French music com- 
poser; 1763—1830" K.D. 
Aubert, Eene, French jurist ; 16th cent. Q.D. 
Aubert de La Chesnaye Des Bois, Frangois Alexandre, 
French polygrapher and author ; 1699 — 1784 D. 
Aubert de Vitry, Frangois Jean Philibert, French 
economist and author ; 1765 — 1849 D. 
Aubert-Dubayet, French representative and general ; 
1759—1797 U.K. 
Aubert-Roche, Louis, French physician and medical 
writer ; 1800 P,D. 
AubertMer, Pierre, French representative ; b. 1801 F. 
Aubertin, Antoine, French author ; d. 1678 K.U. 
Aubertin, Dominique, French military captain and 
author; 1751 — 1825 r.d. 
Aubertin, Edmonde, French ecclesiastic of the Re- 
formed Church ; 1595 — 1652 W.K.u.o. 
Aubery, Antome, French lawyer and historian ; 1 616 — 
1695 U.D.c. 
Aubery, Claude, French physician and philosopher ; 
d. 1596 D.u. 
Aubery, Jacques, French jurist ; b. 1550 i). 
Aubery, Louis, sieur de Maurier, French historian ; 
d. 1687 W.U.D.C. 



Aubery du Boiilley, Prudent Louis, French composer; 
b. 1796 F. 

Aubery. See Aubry. 

Aubespine, Charles de 1', marquis de Chateauneuf, 
French diplomatist ; 1580—1653 K.U. 

Aubespine, Claude de 1', baron de Chateauneuf, 
French diplomatist ; d. 1567 U.D. 

Aubespine, Gabriel de 1', bishop of Orleans (1604), 
author; 1579—1630 w.u.D.c. 

Aubespine, Madeleine d', French beauty and wit at the 
court of Charles IX. ; d. 1606 k.d.C. 

Aubeterre, David Bouchard, Vicomte d', governor of 
Perigord ; d. 1598 U.D. 

Aubeterre, Francois d'Esj)arbes de Lussan, Vicomte 
d', marshal of France ; (/. 1628 U.D. 

Aubeterre, Joseph Henri Bouchard d'Esparbes, Mar- 
quis d', marshal of France; 1714 — 1788 K.D. 

Aubignac, Frangois Hedelin, Abbe d', French littera- 
teur ; 1604—1676 _ _ U.D, 

Aubigne, Theodore-Agrippa d', French historian and 
satiric poet ; 1.550—1630 d.r.C.w. 

Aubigne de La Fosse, Nathan d', Swiss physician and 
author; 1630 D. 

Aubigny, Nina von Engelbronner d', German musi- 
cian; 1800 D. 

Aubigny, Robert Stewart, comte de Beaumont -le- 
Eoger, seigneur d', marshal of France ; d. 1544 D. 

Aubin, French Protestant ecclesiastic and author ; 
17th cent. K.u. 

Aubin, Augustine de St, Fr. engraver ; 1736—1807 B. R. 

Aubin, Charles Germain de St, French designer and 
engraver; b. 1721 B.R. 

Aubin, Gabriel Jacques de St, French painter and 
engraver ; b. 1724 B.R. 

Aubin, or Worcester, Philip, English philosopher; 
d. 1296 

Aubin, Pougeain de St, French painter of portraits in 
crayon B.R. 

Aublet, Jean-Baptiste-Christian Fusee, French bot- 
anist ; 1720—1778 U.G.. 

Auboins de Sezanne, Fr. troubadour ; 13th cent. R. 

Aubree, Rene', French general ; 1763-1808 D. 

Aubrey, John, English antiquary, naturalist, and lit- 
terateur ; 1626—1697 w.r.d.c. 

Aubrey, William, English scholar and statesman ; 
1529—1595 k.d.C. 

Aubrey, William, Irish antiquary ; 1643 

Aubrier, French engraver B. 

Aubriet, Claude, Fr. hist, painter; 1651—1743 N.U.C. 

Aubrion, Jean, Frencli chronicler ; d. 1501 E. U. 

Aubriot, Hugues, French intendant of finance, and 
provost of Paris ; d. 1382 U.D.C. 

Aubriot, Jean, bp. of Chalons-sur-Saone ; d. 1351* D. 

Aubrussel, Ignace 1', Spanish Jesuit, philosojiher, and 
theologian ; 1663—1730 D. 

Aubry, Mademoiselle, French dancer at the opera ; 
1793 F.R. 

Aubry, Abraham, German engraver ; 1650* B.R. 

Aubry, Charles Louis, French economist and writer ; 
1746—1817 D.R. 

Aubry, Charles, Latin poet ; 1700 q.d 

Aubry, Claude Charles, Baron, French general; 1773 — 
1813 

Aubry, Etienne, French painter ; 1745—1781 

Aubry, Francois, member of the National Convention 
1750—1802 F.D.R. 

Aubry, Jacques Charles, French jurist ; 1688—1739 D. 

Aubry, Jean, French alchemist and phys. ; d. 1667* D. 

Aubry, Jean Baptiste, French Benedictine monk and 
author; 1736—1809 W.D.R.C. 

Aubry, Jean Frangois, French physician and writer ; 
(/. 1793 or 5 w.r.d.c. 

Aubry, Johann Peter, German printseller and en- 
graver ; 1670* B.R. 

Aubry, Peter, German engraver and printseUer ; b. 
1596* B.B. 

Aubry, Pliilippe Charles. Fr. author; 1744—1812 d. 



D. // 



ATJB 



71 



AUP 



Aubry, Pierre Francois Joseph, French representative ; 

b. 1789 F. 

Aubry du Boucliet, French commissaire a terrier; b. 

1740* E.F. 

Aubry de Montdidier, French chevalier ; d. 1371 u. 
Aubry-BalUeul, Trauquille, Fr. naval officer ; 6. 1798 
Aubry-Lecomte, Hyacinthe Louis Victor Jean Bap- 

tiste, French designer and lithographer ; b, 1797 r. 
Aubulsson, Marquis d\ French historical painter; 

1820 B. 

Aubusson,-Jean d', French troubadour; 13th cent. u.R. 
Ailbusson, Jean d', de la Maison Neuve, French 

author; 6. 1530* B.U. 

Aubusson, Pierre d', grand-master of the order of St 

John of Jerusalem ; 1423 — 1505 E.u.D. 

Auclier, Sir Anthony, English military commander ; 

d. 1558 
Auclier, John, English loyal divine ; d. 1700 
Auchmuty, Eobert, American la-\vyer and judge ; d. 

1750 A.R.e. 

Auchmuty, Samuel, American divine ; 1725—1777 e, 
Auchmuty, Samuel, English general ; 1762—1822 a.r. 
Auckland, Lord, English master of the Mint ; 1830 
Auckland, William Eden, Earl of, English statesman, 

scholar, and author ; 1750* — 1814 D.U.w. 

Auclerc, Gabriel Andre, French advocate and revo- 
lutionist ; d. 1815 R.D. 
Auda, Ang., Italian theologian and author ; 1G58 I.D. 
Auda, Domenico, Italian monk and phys. ; 1G40 i.D. 
AudaBUS, or Audius, Mesopotamian chief of the sect 

called Audians ; (Z. 370* r.U.d. 

Aude, Jean, French knight of Malta, and dramatic 

author; 1755—1841 D.R. 

Aude, John, English sectary ; 1705 
Audebert, Germain, Fr. Latin poet ; 1518-1598 u.D.c. 
Audebert, John-Baptist, French painter and natural- 
ist ; 1795— 1800 R.F. 
Audebrand, PhUibert, French journalist ; b. 1812 F. 
Audefleda, wife of Theodoric, king of Italy ; 496 
Audefroy le Batard, French troubadour and poet; 

13th cent. r.d. 

Audenaerd, Rob. van, Dutch engraver; 1 663—1743 u.R. 
Audentlus, Spanish bishop and theologian ; 370* D. 

Audibert, , French antiquary ; 1720—1770 D. 

Audibert, Louis Frangois Hilarion, French littera- 
teur; b. 1797 F.D. 
Audibert, Urbain, French botanist and agriculturist ; 

1789-1846 D. 

Audieme, Jacques, Fr. geometrician; 1710 — 1785 R.D. 
Audiffred, J. P., French mathematician; 18th cent. D. 
Audlffredi, Giovanni-Battista, Italian Dominican, as- 
tronomer, and bibliographer ; 1714 — 1794 w.u.C. 
AudiflFret, Charles Louis Gaston, Marquis d', French 

peer and senator ; b. 1787 F. 

Audiftret, Francois Cesar Joseph Madelon, French 

literary compiler ; 1780 — 1820 D.R. 

Audiffret, Hercule, French ecclesiastical author ; 

1603—1659 D.R. 

Audiffret, Jeau-Baptiste, French dioplomatist and 

geographer ; 1657 — 1733 u.w.c. 

Audiffret, Jean Francois Hugues, Comte d', French 

militarj' officer ; 1746 B.D. 

Audiffret, Louis, advocate of the Parliament of Aix ; 

18th cent. D. 

Audiffret, Polyeucte, French numismatist; 1750 — 

1807 D.R. 

Audiganne, Ajrmand, French publicist and barrister ; 

b. 1814 p. 

Audigier, French historian ; 18th cent. r.d. 

Audiguier, Pierre d', French litterateur ; 16.30 D.u. 
Audiguier, Vital d', seigneur de la Menor, French 

poet ; 1569—1630 w.u.D.c. 

Audiguier du Mazet, Henri, French advocate d.u. 
Audin, J. M. U., French author and librarian; 1793— 

1851 D. 

Audin Rouviere, Joseph Marie, French physician ; 

1764-1832 D.u. 



Audinot, Nicholas-Medard, French dramatic author 
and actor ; 1740— 1801 f.r. 

Audley, Edmund, bishop of Rochester 1480, Hereford 
1492, Salisbury 1502 ; d. 1524 c./.W.E. 

Audley, George Edward Thicknesse Touchet, Lord, 
English peer ; b. 1817 f. 

Audley, Henry, Lord, English baron ; 13th cent. E. 

Audley, Sir James, lord justice of Ireland ; 1270 

Audley, James, Lord, English warrior in France : 
1314*-1386 E.u: 

Audley, Matthew, English divine ; 1739 w. 

Audley, Thomas, Lord Audley of Walden, lord chan- 
cellor of England (1533) ; 1488—1544 /.;5.c.R.D. 

Audoin, or Aulduin, king of the Lombards ; d. 553 G.u. 

Audot, Louis Eustache, Fr. litt. and editor; 6. 1783F. 

Audouard, Mathieu Frangois Maxence, French mili- 
tary physician ; 1776— 1823* D.F. 

Audouin, Fran9ois Xavier, French ecclesiastic, politi- 
cian, and publicist; 6. 1766 r.w. 

Audouin, Jean-Victor, French entomologist and au- 
thor; 1797—1841 u.D. 

Audouin, Pierre, French engraver ; 1768—1822 b.u.n. 

Audouin, Pierre Jean, French revolutionary writer ; 
d. 1793 E. 

Audouin de Chaignebrun, Henri, French military 
surgeon ; 18th cent. u.E. 

Audouin de Geronval, Maurice Ernest, French littera- 
teur and agriculturist ; 1802 — 1839 d. 

Audouin-Eouviere, Joseph-Marie, French physician ; 
1764—1832 u. 

Audoul, Gaspard, Fr. jurist and writer ; d. 1712* R. Q.c. 

Audovere, consort of Chilperic, king of France ; d, 
580 u.R. 

Audra, Joseph, French writer ; 1714—1770* R.u.c.w. 

Audradus, (Modicus), bishop of Sens; d. 854* D.R. 

Audran, Benoit, Fr. engraver; 1661—1721 b.r.u.c. 

Audran, Benoit {the Younger), Fr. engraver ; 1735 B.R. 

Audran, Charles, Fr. engraver; 1594—1674 B.U.R.C. 

Audran, Claude, Fr. engraver; 1592—1677 U.B.c. 

Audran, Claude, French painter ; 1644*— 1684 D.R.C. 

Audran, Claude, French painter; 1658—1734 U.B. 

Audran, Germain, Fr. engraver; 1631—1710 R.d.b. 

Audran, Girard, French engraver ; 1640—1703 r.b.c. 

Audran, Jean, French engraver ; 1667—1756 B.R.U.C. 

Audran, Louis, French engraver; 1670—1712 B.R D.C. 

Audran, Prosper Gabriel, French i^rof essor of Hebrew 
andauthor; 1744— 1819 U.R. 

Audrein, Yves Marie, French ecclesiastic, bishop of 
Quimper ; rf. 1800 U.R. 

Audren de Kerdrel, Dom;»ean Maure, FreLich Bene- 
dictine and author ; d. 1725 Q.D. 

Audricbi, Everardo, Italian mathemacicisu ■ i74S w.d. 

Audry, Audri, or Aldric, St, abp. of Sens : ^r^—j^sg d. 

Audry de Puyraveau, Pierre Frangois, French manu- 
facturer and politician ; b. 1783 D. 

Audubon, John James, American naturalist and au- 
thor ; 1780-1851 D.F. 

Aue, Hartmann Van der, German poet; 1170—1235* D. 

Auenbrugger, Leopold, German physician and medi- 
cal author ; 1722—1798 D.B. 

Auer, Alois, German author ; 6. 1813 

Auer, Antoine, Swiss painter on porcelain ; 1777 — 
1814 N.D. 

Auer, Paul Johann, German painter; 1638 — 1687 n.d. 

Auerbach, Berthold, German Jewish writer and poet ; 
b. 1812 M- 

Auerbacll, Johann Gottfried, German painter; 1697— 
1753 N.D. 

Auersperg, Anton Alexander, Count of, Austrian 
poet ; 6. 1806 " f • 

Auersperg, Johann Weichard, high master of the 
court of Ferdinand IV. ; d. 1677 G.R. 

Auersperg, Karl Wilhelm Philip, German prmce ; 
b. 1814 , ^• 

Auersperg, Transtan Carl, Prince of, commandant of 
Vienna ; 6. 1750 «• 

Aufauvre, Amedce, French journalist ; b. 1812 F. 



AUP 



72 



AUL 



Auffenberg, Joseph, Viscount, German dramatic 

author; b. 1708 _ F. 

Auflfmann, Joseph Anton Xavier, French organist and 

composer; 1720—1778 k.k. 

Auffray, Fran9ois, French litterateiir ; IGOO D. 

AufFray, Jean, French economist and writer; 1733 — 

1788 _ K.D. 

Auflfsclinaiter, Benedict Anton, German composer of 

sacred music; 1700 K.K. 

Aufldius, Chius, Roman jurist D.x. 

Aufldius, Cneius, Roman tribune of the people; B.C. 

170 DX. 

Aufidius, Cn., Rom. questor, 119; tribune, 114 D.x, 
Aufldius, Sextus. Roman consul in Africa ; B.C. 43 D.X. 
Aufidius, Titus, pupil of Asclepiades; 1st cent. B.C. K.X. 
Aufldius, Titus, Roman questor; B.C. 84 D.X. 

Aufrere, Anthony, English litterateur; 1756—1833 D. 
Aufreri, Etienne, French jurist and author; 1514 K.D. 
Aufresne, Jean Rival, French actor ; 1729—1806 E.U, 
Augaron, Jacques, French surgeon ; 1500* D. 

Auge, Daniel d', French i^rofessor of Greek and philo- 
logist ; d. 1595* w.R.D.c. 
Auge, Guillaume d', French physician ; d. 1478 ■ D. 
Augeard, Jacques Blathieu, French statesnaan and 

financier; 1731—1805 F.R. 

Augeard, Mathieu, French jurist ; 1673—1751 u.D. 
Augenio, Horatio, Italian physician and philosopher ; 

1527*— 1603 I.D. 

Auger, Athanase, French abbot, hellenist, acade- 
mician, and author ; 1734—1792 u.D.w. 
Auger, Edmond, French Jesuit and author; 1530— 

1591 D.u.c.w. 

Auger, Hippolyte Nicolas Just, Fr. litt. ; b. 1797 F. 
Auger, Louis-Simon, French writer and journalist, 

secretary to the Academy ; 1772 — 1829 U.F. 

Auger, Nicolas, French comedian ; d. 1783 K.D. 

Augereau, Autoine, Freucli printer ; 1531 K.D. 

Augereau, Pierre Francois Cliarles, duke of Castig- 

lione, marshal of France ; 17.57 — 1815 or 6 D.R. 

Augeron, prince of the Canary Islands ; 1400 D. 

Augius, oj-Augeas, Gk. comic poet; 4th cent. B.C. R.x. 
Augier, Guillaume- Victor -Emile, French dramatic 

poet ; h. 1820 D.M. 

Augier, Gustave, French troubadour; 12th cent. U. 
Augier, Jean, sieur des Maisons Neuves, French poet; 

1580 U.D. 

Augier, le Baron Jean Baptiste, military ofBcer under 

Napoleon ; 1769— 1819 K.U. 

Augler-Dufot, Anne Amable, French accoiicheur and 

author ; 1733—1775 D. 

Augos, Juan de, Spanish sculptor ; 1500 D. 

Augoyat, Antoine Maiie, French officer and military 

writer; b. 1783 F. 

Auguiltaert, Theobald, Irish physician ; 1500 D.U. 
Auguis, Pierre Jean Baptiste, French politician and 

magistrate ; 1742 or 8 — 1810 K.D. 

Auguis, Pierre Rene, Fr. litterateur; 1786—1846 u.D. 
Augxir, Christ. Colon, Amer. major-general ; 1862 e. 
Augur, consul of Rome ; 121 H. 

Augurello, Gio-Aurelio, Italian Latin poet; 1441 — 

1524 I.E. 

Augurinus, consul of Rome ; 132 h. 

Augurlnus, C. Minucius, Roman tribune of thepeoplo ; 

B.C. 187 D.X. 

Augurlnus, C. Verius, consul of Rome ; 156 h. 

Augurinus, L. Minucius, Roman consul and i^rcBfectus 

annonce; B.C. 439 H.D.x. 

Augurinus, L. Minucius Esquilinus, Roman consul ; 

B.C. 458 H.D.x. 

Augurinus, M. Genusius, Roman con. ; B.C. 449 H.D.x. 
Augurinus, M. Minucius, Roman con.; B.C. 497 H.D.X. 
Augurinus, M. Minucius, Roman tribune of the 

people ; B.C. 216 D.x. 

Augurinus, P. Minucius, Roman con. ; B.C. 492 H.x. 
Augurinus, Q. Minucius, Roman con. ; B.C. 457 H.x. 
Augurinus, T. Genucius, Roman con. ; B.C. 451 D.x, 
Augurinus, Tib, Minucius, Rom. con. ; B.C. 305 H.x. 



Augus. See Aggas. 

Augusta, Cristoforo, Italian artist ; 1590 t.r. 

Augusta, princess of Bavaria, wife of Eugene Beau- 
harnais ; 1806 

Augusta Sophia, Princess, daughter of George III. ; 
1768—1840 

Augustenburg, Cliristian Augustus, of Schleswig- 
Holstein Sunderburg, Prince of, governor of the 
province of Norway ; 1768—1810 R.u. 

Augustenburg, Christian-August, duke of Schleswig- 
Holstein ; b. 1798 m. 

August!, Friederich Albert, orifiinal name Josue ben 
Abraham Herschel, German Jew, convert to Chris- 
tianity, and writer ; 1696 — 1782 Q.R. 

Augusti, Johann Christian "Wilhelm, German theolo- 
gian and author ; 1772 — 1841 D. 

Augustin, or Augustine, St, archbishop of Canter- 
bury, 597 ; d. 604 h.l.\x.c.v>.v. 

Augustin, bishop of Waterford ; 1175 c. 

Augustin [tlie Contented), general of the order of St 
Augustin ; d. 1309 D. 

Augustin, court musician to the emperor Maximilian 
I. ; 1512* E. 

Augustin, Jean Baptiste Jacques, French miniature 
painter in enamel ; 1759 — 1832 b.r.u. 

Augustin, Jean Jacques d', Fr. engraver ; b. 1756 B.R. 

Augustine, Thomas, English antiquary ; d. 1592 

Augustine, Thomas, English Jesuit ; 1599 

Augustiai, Jan, Dutch painter ; 1725—1773 N.D.B. 

Augustini Ab Hortis, Christian, Hungarian physi- 
cian ; 1598—1650 E. 

Augustino, Antonio, archbishop of Tarragona, and 
author ; 1516 or 17—1586 R.C.u.G. 

Augustino ( Vmeziano), Ital. engraver; 1490— 1540 u.R. 

Augustinus Aurelius, St, bishop of Hippo, one of the 
fathers of the Latin Church ; 354—430 D.E.W. 

Augustulus, Romulus, last Roman emperor of the 
West ; 474 x.u.D.E. 

Augustus von Olmutz, Moravian reviver of learning; 
1470—1513 G.R. 

Augustus I. {the Pious), elector of Saxony ; 1526— 
1586 u.D. 

Augustus II., Frederick, king of Poland, and elector 
of Saxony; 1670-1733 U.R. 

Augustus ill., king of Poland, and elector of Saxony ; 
1696—1763 R.U. 

Augustus I., Fred., first k. of Saxony ; 1750—1827 D. 

Augustus II., Frederick, king of Saxony ; 6. 1797 D. 

Augustus Of Udina, Ital. Latin poet; 16th cent, r.i.d. 

Augustus, Caius-Julius-Cadsar Octaviauus (Octavius), 
emperor of Rome ; B.C. 63 — a.d. 14 d.r.u.x.H. 

Augustus, Emile Leopold, duke of Saxe Gotha and 
Altenbourg; 1772-1822 r.d. 

Augustus, Frederick Wilhelm Heim-ich, prince of 
Prussia ; 1790-1843 D. 

Augustus, Frederick, duke of Sussex, son of George 
III., English statesman ; 1773 — 1843 CD. 

Augustus, Gustavus, prince of Prussia, and com- 
mander of the army; 1722 — 1758 K.u. 

Augustus, Johann, Bohemian theol. ; 1500—1575 D. 

Augustus, Paul Friederich, grand- duke of Olden- 
burg ; b. 1783 D. 

Augustus, duke of Brunswick and Liirieburg, scholar 
and autlior ; d. 1666 w. 

Augustus Jagielonczyk, or Sigismund Augustus 11. 
of Poland ; 1520*— 1572 e. 

Aula, Salvatore, Italian antiquary ; 1718 — 1784 r. 

Aulaf, Danish prince, son of Guthfrith or Guthferth ; 
938 D. 

Aulaf, or Anlaf, Danish prince ; d. 980 d. 

Aulagnier, Alexis Francesco; Italian physician and 
author ; 1767—1839 d. u. 

Aulagnier, Antonin, French professor and editor of 
music ; 6. 1800 f. 

Aulan, Denis, Francois Marie de Suarez, Marquis d', 
nephew of Madame du Deffand, and victim of the 
Revolution; 1725—1790 k.d. 



AUL 



73 



AUR 



Aulanus Evander, Athenian sculptor and metal- 
worker ; 1st cent. B.C. D.X. 
Aulard, Pierre, French general ; 17C3— 1815 _ D. 
Aiilber, Johann, Christophorous, German ecclesiastic 
and historian ; d. 3743 Q.B. 
Aulber, Mattheus, German theol. ; 1495— 15C2* q.d. 
Aulber. See Alber. 

Auletius, Alard, Dutch physician ; 1545 — 1606 D.u. 
Auletta, Pierre, master of the chapel of the prince of 
Belvedere ; 1720 D. 

Aulicli, Louis, Hungarian general ; 1792—1849 D. 

Aulisio, Domenico, Italian savant, antiquary, and 
author; 1639—1717 C.e.d.u.W. 

Aulizeck, or Auliczeck, Dominicus, Bohemian sculp- 
tor ; 1734—1803 n.d. 
Aulnauye, Franpois-Henry-Stanislas de 1', French 
litterateur; 1739—1830 E.D. 
Aulnoy, Jean d', defended the town of Meaux in 
1421 L.D. 
Aulnoy, Philippe d', warrior at the battle of 
Poitiers _ L.D. 
Aulou, Jean d', French gentleman, companion in battle 
of Joan of Arc n. 
Aultanne, Joseph Augustin de Fournier, Marquis d', 
French general ; 1759—1828 K.D. 
Aulus-Gellius, or AgelUus, Latin grammarian and 
critic; 117*— ISO* U.K. 
Aumale, Ch. de Lorraine, Duke of ; 1554 — 1631 u.D. 
Aumale, Claude de Lorraine, Count of ; d. 1550 R.U. 
Aumale, Claude II. , duke of Lorraine ; 1523—1573 U.R. 
Aumale, Henri Eugene Philippe Louis d'Orleans, 
Duke of, fourth son of Louis Philippe; b. 1822 d.f. 
Aumale, .Jean VIII. , D'Arcourt, Count of, de Mortain, 
seigneur d'Anvers, French dipl. ; 1396 — 1423 D. 
Aumanne, Didier Christian, German music com- 
poser and organist ; 1789 K.D. 
Aumer, French superintendent of the ballet at the 
opera ; d. 1832 U. 
Auminus, Scotch writer ; d. 1299 
Aumont, Antoine, marshal of France ; 1601 — 1609 U. 
Aumont, Arnulphe d', French physician and medical 
writer ; 1720—1782 _ D. 
Aumont, Jacques, French chamberlain to the king ; 
d. 1396 D. 
Aumont, Jacques, Due d', French noble, chief of a 
division of the National Guard ; 1732—1799 L.K.D. 
Aumont, Jean d', marshal of France; 1522 — 1596 U.R. 
Aumont, or Osmont, Jean III., Fr. warrior; 1328 D. 
Aumont, Jean IV., killed at the battle of Agincourt D. 
Aumont, Louis Marie Alexandre, Due d', French 
deputy of the States-General ; 1730 — 1814 L.R. 
Aumont, Louis Marie Celeste, Due d', French loyal- 
ist; d. 1831 R.U. 
Aumont, Louis-Marie Victor de Iloche-Baron, French 
savant, numismatist, and warrior; 1632 — 1704 L.U. 
Aumont, or Osmond, Philippe II. [Hutin], French 
warrior U. 
Aunaire, St, bishop of Auxerre ; d. 605 d.r. 
Aungel, John, English divine ; 1555 q. 
Aunger, Peter, sheriff of London ; 1265 d. 
Aungendlle, Kichard [Richard de Bury), bp. of Dur- 
ham, and lord chancellor; 1287*— 1345 R.w.u.c.?.(/. 
Aungier, Fr. , Lord, master of KoUs in Ireland ; d. 1633 
Aungier, Gerard, Lord, English mathematician and 

orientalist ; d. 1655 

Aungier, Eichard, English barrister ; d. 1597 q. 

Aunillon, Pierre Charles Fabiot, grand-vicar of 

Evreux, and dramatic writer ; 1684 — 1760 U.R. 

Aunoy, or Aulnoy, Marie-Catheriiae Jumelle de Ber- 

neville, ctss. of, Fr. authoress; 1650— 1705 R.U. C.w. 

Aupick, Jacques, French general and senator ; h. 

1789 F.D. 

Aurbacb, Johann von, German jurist and author; 

1400 ^ Q.R.W. 

Aurbacher, Ludwig, Germ, pedagogue ; 1784 — 1847 d. 

Aure, Viscount, French equery, writer upon horses ; 

1850 d.^. 



Aurella, mother of the dictator Julius Csesar ; d. 

B.C. 84 E.2 r 

Aurelia OrestiUa, wife of CatUine ; B.C. 63 'd!x". 

Aurelianus, Eomau emp., 270; 6. 212, d. 275 s.h.e. 
Aurelianus, consul of Rome ; 400 h. 

Aurelianus, St, bishop of Aries ; 499—553 D.u. 

Aurelianus, French monk of Reom*?, musical author; 

9th cent. h.u. 

Aurelianus, Antoninus Blarcus, Roman emperor. 

161 ; h. 121, d. 180 x.H.D. 

Aurelio, sovereign of the Astui-ians ; 768—774 d.r. 
AureUo, or AureHus, Anselme, Italian physician ; 16th 

cent. D, 

Aurelio, Aurelio, Venetian poet; 1700 i.r. 

Aurelio, Giovanni Muzio, Italian Latin poet ; 1520 R.D. 
Aurelio, Ludovico, Italian historian, canon of St 

John of Latran ; d. 1637 l.U.c.W. 

Aurelius, Roman physician ; 2nd cent. d. 

Aurelius, St, bishop of Carthage ; d. 425 u.D. 

Aurelius, Abraham, English divine ; d. 16.32 \v. 

Aurelius, ^gidius, Swedish author ; ] 7th cent. D. 
Aurelius, Cornelius, friend of Erasmus, monk of the 

Augustine convent of Stein, and hist. ; 1500 R.D. 
Aurelius, Marcus Antoninus, Roman emperor (101-80) ; 

121—180 R.U.H. 

Aurelius, Verus, Latin historian ; 3d cent. D. 

Aurelius Victor [Scxtm), Latin historian, Roman 

consul ; 360 r.d.H. 

Auremond, French hagiogi-apher ; abbot of Maire ; 

1600 d. 

Aurengzebe, Mohi Ouddine Mohammed Almguir, 
emperor of Hindustan ; 1618 — 1707 D.U. 

Aiirenhammer, Josepha, pupU of Mozart ; Italian 
l^ianist and composer ; 18th cent. K. R. 

Alireolus, Marcus Acilius, Roman general, one of the 
Thirty Tyrants ; f/. 268 _ R.U. 

Aurevllly, Leon Louis Frederic Barbey d', French 
litterateur ; 1838 D. 

Auria, Feder, Italian jurist ; 17th cent. D.Q. 

Auria, Francesco, Ital. jurist and author; 16.30* Q.D. 

Auria, Gian Domenico, Italian sculptor ; d. 1585 D. 

Auria, Giuseppe, Italian mathematician, astronomer, 
and philosophical writer ; c/. 1595 Q.U. 

Auria, Vinceuzio, Italian poet and historian ; 1625 — 
1710 C.U.D.W. 

Auriac, Bernard d' (Ic Maltre de Beziers), French 
troubadour; d. 1285* D. 

Axurlchalcus, Francesco, Italian physician ; 1493 d.q. 

Aurifaber, Andreas, German physician and scholar; 
1512—1559 G.R. 

Aurifaber, Johann, German divine and writer; 
1519*— 1.575 Q.R. 

Aurifaber, Johann, German divine and professor of 
theology; 1517-1588 R. 

Aurlferi, Bernardino, Ital. botanist ; 1739 — 1796 U.D. 

Aurifex, or Aurificus Buonfigli, Nicolo, Italian theo- 
logian and writer ; 1529 — 1601 l.D. 

Aurigarius, or Wagner, Lucas Johann, German 
writer; 1530* Q-D. 

Aurigny, Gilles d', Fr. jurist and poet ; 1553 c.u.D.W. 

Aurilianus, Lucius Claudius Domitius, Roman em- 
peror ; 212*- 275 K-D-X. 

Aurinetus, Paolo, Italian mathem. and theol. Q.D. 

Aurlnus, Vicenzio, Italian Dominican theologian; 
17th cent. ■'-'• 

Auriol, Blaise d', Fr. poet and jurist ; d. 1540 Q.R. 

Auriol, not Oriol, Pierre, French theologian, arch- 
bishop of Aix ; 1321 ^_ D.Q.U. 

Aurisicchio, Roman music composer ; 1758 c^^' 

Auxispa, Giovanni, Itahau savant and author ; 130 J— 
1460 ^ ^ i-u-c-w. 

Aurispi, Victoria, Italian poetess ; l.')58 D. 

Aurivillius, Christophorus, Swedish theologian; 1/th 

cent. ^•^^• 

Aurivillius, ' Claus Christophori, Swedish philoso- 

plier ; 17th cent. ^• 

Aurivillius, Erik, Swedish jurist ; 1643— li 02 Q.R. 



AUR 



74 



AUV 



Aurivilllus, Karl, Swedish orientalist ; 1717— 17S6 D. 

Aurivillius, Magnus, Swedish theologian ; 6. 1673 D. 

Aurivillius, Pehr, Swedish poet ; d. 1677 D. 

Aurivillius, Pehr Fabien, Swedish author and scholar ; 

1756— 1812*'' D. 

Aurivillius, Samuel, Swedish physician ; d. 1765 D. 

Aurl, Hans, German printer; 15th cent. W. 

xlumhammer, Mere, Germ, pianist ; ISth cent. k.d. 

Aurogallus, Matthseus, German translator of the 

Bible ; d. 1.543 E.U.D.C.W. 

Auroux des Pommiers, Mathieu, French jurist and 

author ; 1720 Q.R. 

Auroux, Nicolas, French engraver ; 1G50 b.u.d. 

Aurran, Jos. Francois, phys. of Provence ; 1760 D. 

Aurunculeius, C, Roman prretor ; B.C. 2U9 D.X. 

Aurunculeius, C., Roman legionary tribune; B.C. 

207 D.x. 

Aurunculeius, C, Roman ambassador to Asia; B.C. 

155 D.x. 

Aurunculeius, L. , Roman prretor ; B. C. 188 D. x. 

Auruncus, Post. Cominius, Roman con. ; B.C. 493 D.X. 

Aurung-Zetoe, emperor of India ; 1614—1707 R. 

Auruss, or Oruss-Khan, khan of Kipchak ; d. 1376 R. 

Auscousteaux, or Hautcousteaux, 2\athur or Artus, 

French music composer ; 17th cent. k.d. 

Ausius, Henricus, Swedish hellenist ; 1603—1659 Q.R. 

Ausonius, St, martyr, first bishop of Angouleme ; 

261 u.D. 

Ausonius, Decius Magnus, of Bordeaux, Latin poet 

and preceptor of Gratian ; 309—394 R.U.c.w. 

Ausonius, Julius, of Bazas, physician ; 287 — 377 D. 

Auspex, Julius, orator of Gaul ; 70 D. 

Auspicius, St, bishop of Toul ; d. 474* U.D. 

Ausse (Ans, Hans, or Gianncs da Bruzzia), Flemish 

painter, pupil to Ruggieri T. 

Ausserre, or Auxerre, Pien-e d', French advocate ; 

1530*— 1595 E.D. 

Aussigny, Thibauld d', bishop of Orleans ; 570* D. 

Aussun, Pierre d', French military captain ; 1485— 

1562 D.u. 

Austen, Charles James, English naval commander; 

d. 1853 
Austen, Emanuel, English writmg master ; 1763 
Austen, Sir Francis "William, Eng. admiral; h. 1774 F. 
Austen, Jane, English novelist; 1775—1817 R.D. 

Austen, John, English military commander ; d. 1660 
Austen, John, Catholic controversialist ; d. 1669 
Austen, Ralph, English writer on botany ; d. 1676 E. 
Austin, Abraham, English divine and educationalist ; 

d. 1816 
Austin, Adam, Scotch physician ; 1770 W. 

Austin, Adam, Scotch poet ; d. 1774 
Austin, Benjamin, English divine ; 1650 W. 

Austin, Benjamin, American political writer ; 1750* — 
1826 E.A. 

Austin, David, American divine ; 1760 — 1831 a. 

Austin, Francis, English writer on gardening ; 1631 
Austin, George, English architect ; d. 1848 
Austin, Gilbert, Eng. writ, on uat. philosophy ; 1S06 W. 
Austin, Henry, English engineer ; d. 1861 
Austin, James Trecothie, American writer ; b. 1784 a. 
Austin, John, English writer ; 1G13— 1669 E. 

Austin, John, English jurist and author; 1790—1867 
Austin, John Mather, American author ; h. 1805 a. 
Austin, Jonathan Loriug, American seci-etary of state ; 
1748—1826 A.ca. 

Austin, Moses, Amer. settler and miner ; d. 1821 A. 
Austin, Peter, English divine ; d. 1663 
Austin, or Austine, Robert, English theol.; 1644 CD. 
Austin, S., Eng. divine and sacred poet ; b. 1606 E.D. 
Austin, Samuel, English poet; 1646 — 1665 E.D. 

Austin, Samuel, president of the University of Ver- 
mont ; 1760-1830 A.R. 
Austin, Sarah, EngUsh authoress ; 1830 D. 
Austin, S., English water-colour painter ; d. 1834 
Austin, Stephen F., founder of the first American 
colony iu Texas ; d. 1836 e. 



Austin, or Austen, William, English metal founder ; 

15th cent. D. 

Austin, William, English sacred writer; d. 1633 E.D. 
Austin, William, English poet; 1660 W.E. 

Austin, William, English engraver; h. 1740* E.D.B. 
Austin, W. , Amer. lawyer and writer ; 1778—1841 A. 
Austin, William Piercy, bishop of Guiana ; 1843 d.I. 
Austor d'Orlac, French troubadour and satirist ; 13th 

cent. U.D. 

Austor Segret, French troubadour- and author ; 13th 

cent. U. D. 

Austreberte, St, abbess of Pavilly ; 633—704 d. 

Austregilde, second wife of Gontran, king of Bur- 
gundy ; 6th cent. D.XT. 
Austregisile, Austriile, or Outrille, St, abbot of the 

monastery of St Niziers ; 551— 624 D. 

Austremoine, St, one of the missionaries to Gaul ; 

3d cent. D.U. 

Austrius, Sebastien, French physician ; 1540 Q.i). 
Austrude, or Ostru Austrudis, St, French abbess ; 

634*— 688 or 707 D. 

Autaritus, chief of the Gauls in first Punic war ; d. 

B.C. 238 D.x. 

Autelli, Jacopa, Italian mosaic painter ; 1649 R.T. 
Autelz, Guillaume des, French poet and litterateur ; 

1529—1580 c.u.D.w. 

Autenreith, Johann Hermann Ferdinand Von, Ger- 
man philos., phys., and author ; 1772 — 1835 E.D. 
Autenrieth, Hermann Friederich, German physician 

and writer ; 6. 1799 F. 

Auteroche, Chappe d', French abbot, astronomer, and 

author ; 1529-1580* W. 

Autguers, C, French engraver ; 1623* B. 

Autharicli, king of the Lombards, 574; d. 590 E.u. 
Auther, John, English poet ; 1753 W. 

AutMer de Sisgau, Christophe d', French bishop and 

Benedictine ; 1609—1667 P.D. 

Authon. See Autun. 
Authville des Amourettes, Charles-Louis d', French 

colonel and tactician ; 1716—1762 u.7>. 

Autichamp, Antoine Joseph Eulalie de Beaumont, 

Comte d', French military officer ; 1744—1822 D. 
Autichamp, Charles de Beaumont, Comte d', French 

military officer ; 1770-1852 D. 

Autichamp, Jean Theresa Louis de Beaumont, Mar- 
quis d', French loyalist genei-al ; 1738 — 1831 E.U. 
Autier, Victor, French physician and professor of 

zoology ; 1830* D. 

Autocles, Athenian general ; B.C. 424 D.x. 

Autocles, Athenian envoy to Sparta ; B.C. 371 D.x. 
Autolycus, Gr. philos. andastron.; B.C. 340* C.P.X.E.u. 
Automedon, Greek epigi-ammatist ; 96 X.R. 

Automenes, last king of Corinth ; B.C. 746 _ H. 

Autonine, Bernard, French jurist and parliamentary 

advocate ; 1587—1666 ^ q.d.C.AV. 

Autophradates, Persian general ; B.C. 370 D.x. 

Autosthenes, Athenian arclion ; B.C. 668 H. 

Autpert, Ausbert, or Ansbert, Ambroise, Ital. Bene- 
dictine ; d. 778 D.u. 
Autran, Joseph, Fr. poet and litterateur ; 6. 1812 F. 
Autreau, Jacques, French painter and comic poet ; 

1666—1744 E.D.u.c.w. 

Autrepe, French litterateur ; 1760 D. 

Autreville, French historian ; 1618 D. 

Autrey, Henri Jean Baptiste Fabry de Moncault, 

Comte d', French author ; 1723—1777 _ ^e.d. 
Autrive, J acques Francois d', French vioUnist ; 1758 — 

1824 K.D. 

Autrociie, Claude de Loynes d', French litterateur 

and translator ; 1744—1823 D.U. 

Autronius Foetus, Roman consul ; B.C. 66 D.x. 

Autun, or Authon, Jelian d', French Augustine monk 

and historiographer ; 1466—1527 C D. u. P. W. 

Auver, (Jristoforo, Ital. arithmetician ; 16th cent. E. 
Auvergne, Antoine d', French musician, composer, 

and director of the Royal Academy of Music ; 

1713-1797 c.D.u.w. 



ATJV 



75 



AVE 



Auvergne, Edward, of Jersey, Eng. hist.; 1690 r/.n.o. 

Auvergne, Guillaume d', bishop of Paris ; d. 1249 D. 

Auvergne, Peyrols d", poet of Provence ; 12tli cent. D. 

Auvergne, Pierre d' {le Vieil), Preuch troubadour ; 
13th cent. U.D. 

Auvergne, Pierre d', Fr. scholastic wi-iter ; 1272 D. 

Auvergne, Pierre d\ or Petrus de Cros, French com- 
mentator ; d. 1 307 D. 

Auvergne, Theophile Malo Corret de la Tour d', eccen- 
tric French military officer ; (/. 1800 F.R. 

Auvigny, Jean du Castre d', French litterateur and 
soldier ; 1712—1743 P.U.D.c.w. 

Auvlty, .Jean Abraham, French physician and author; 
d. 1821 D.u. 

Auvray, French engraver ; 17G0 B. R. 

Auvray, Felix Henri, French historical painter ; 
1800—1835 B.D. 

Auvray, Jean, French litterateur ; 1590— 1G33 D.K. 

Auvray, Jean, Fr. ecclesiastical writer ; d. 1661 D. 

Auvray, Louis Marie, Baron, French marshal and 
writer ; 1762-1833 E.D. 

Auvray, Philip Peter Joseph, German painter ; 1778— 
1815 N.D. 

Auwera, Johann Georg "Wolfgang Von, German sculp- 
tor ; d. 1756 D. 

Auxboeuff, Pierre, Fr. eccles. and preacher ; 1404 D. 

Auxence, Arian divine, bishop of Milan ; 310—374 u. 

Auxence, or Auxent, St, Syrian ecclesiastic ; d. 470 D. 

Aux-Epaules, Eichard, seigneur du Homme, and 
Sainte Marie du IMont, French warrior ; 1444 D. 

Auxi, or Auxy, Jean, Sire d', grand-master of the 
cross-bow-men of France ; d. 1471 D. 

Auxiron, Claude Francois Joseph d', French engineer, 
economist author ; 1728 — 1778 E. D. 

Auxiron, Jean Baptiste d', French mathematician and 
physician ; 1680*- 1760 E.U. 

Auxiron, Jean Baptiste d', French jurist and author ; 
1736—1800 E.D. 

Auzoles, Jacques d', sieur de la Peyre, French chro- 
nologist and author ; 1571—1642 E.Q. 

Auzanet, Barthelemy, French jurist and counsellor of 
state ; 1591—1673 U.E. 

Auzebi, Pierre, Fr. surgeon and author; 1736—1791 D. 

Auzou, Madame, French paintress ; b. 1775 B. 

Auzou, Louis, Fr. physician and author; b. 1797 D.M. 

Auzou, Louis Napoleon, reformer of the French Catho- 
lic Church, and author ; b. 1806 D.F. 

Auzout, Adrien, French mathem. ; 1630—1691 E.U.C. 

Avak, Sergius, Armenian prince and gen.; d. 1249 U.E. 

Avale, Lemek, English poet ; 1569 W. 

Avalonius, El van, British apostle ; 181 P.D. 

Avalonius, Melchinus or Mevinus, Eng. poet ; 560* D. 

Avalos, Alfonso, marquis del Vasto, Spanish general 
and governor of Milan ; 1502—1546 G.D. 

Avalos, Costanza, Italian poetess ; 1540* D.U. 

Avalos, Inigo del, marquis del Vasto, Spanish war- 
rior ; d. 1503 D.U. 

Avalos, Fernando-Francisco d', marquis of Pescara, 
Spanish general ; 1480 — 1525 E.D. 

Avalos, Lopez de, Spanish military commander E.D. 

Avalos, Rodrigo Lopez de, Spanish cavalier, constable 
of Castile, and governor of Murcia ; d. 1427 E.D. 

Avancinus, Nicolas, Swiss Jesuit, professor of philo- 
sophy, and author ; 1612 — 1685 Q.E. 

Avancon, Guillaume d', cardinal and archbishop of 
Embrun ; 1530*— 1600 _ D. 

Avanizi, Pietro Antonio, Italian painter, pupil of 
Franceschini ; d. 1733 T.u. 

Avanzi, or Avantius, Rhodiginus Carlo, Italian phy- 
sician and botanist ; 1649 I.D. 

Avanzi, Francesco, Italian litterateur ; 1586 I.D. 

Avanzi, Jacopo, Bolognese painter, pupil of Franc, 
de Bologna ; 1370 T. E. 

Avanzi, Giovanni-Maria, Ital. jurist and poet; 1549 — 
1622 i.u.w. 

Avanzi, Giuseppe, Italian painter ; 1055 — 1718 t.b. 

Avanzi, Nicolo, Ital. painter and engraver; d. 1663 N.D. 



Avanzi, Simon da Crocefissi, or da Bologna, Italian 
painter ; 16th cent. n.D. 

Avanzini, Giacomo, Ital. music composer; 1780 CD. 

Avanzini, Giuseppe, Italian mathematician, and WTiter 
on hydrostatics and hydraulics ; 1753—1827 E.D. 

Avanzini, Justinien, Italian painter ; 1800 N.D. 

Avanzini, Pierantonio, Italian painter ; d. 1733 T. 

Avanzino, , Italian painter ; 1552—1629 ld. 

Avanzino, Giuseppe IMaria, Italian professor of medi- 
cine, and author ; d. 1739 i.r. 

Avanzino da Gubbio, Italian painter ; 16th cent. D. 

Avanzoli, Girolamo, Italian painter and historian ; 
1673 i.Q.D. 

Avanzolini, Girolamo, Ital. music composer; 1623 D.K. 

Avaradera, J., Spanish writer ; 17th cent. d.q. 

Avaray, Antoine Louis Francois de Besiade, Due d', 
French loyal military officer; 1759—1811 d.E. 

Avaray, Claude Antoine de Besiade, Due d', French 
general ; 1740—1829 f.R. 

Avaray, Claude Theophile de Besiade, Marquis d', 
French lieutenant-general ; 1655 — 1745 d.e. 

Avas, Moses Judah, Egy^jtian rabbi, jurist, and poet ; 
17th cent. o.E. 

Avaux, Claude, de Mesmes, Comte d', French diplo- 
matist ; 1595—1650 D.u.w. 

Avaux, Jean-Antoiue, de Mesmes, Comte d', French 
diplomatist and author ; 1640 — 1709 D.u. 

Avaux, Jean -Antoine, de Mesmes, Comte d', x^resident 
of the French parliament and academician ; 1661 — 
1723 D. 

Avaux, Jean Jacques, de Mesmes, Comte d', president 
of the French parliament and academician ; 1640 — 
1688 D, 

Avaux, d', French violinist and music composer ; 
18th cent. d.e.K. 

Aved, Jacques-Andre- Joseph, French portrait painter ; 
1702—1766 E.D.B. 

Avedik, patriarch of Armenia ; 1701 D. 

Aveen, Adrian, Dutch engraver ; 1700* B.E. 

Aveillon, Jean Joseph, French theol. ; 1620—1713 D.P. 

Aveiro, or Aveyro, Portuguese traveller ; 1565 D. 

Aveiro, Joan Mascarenhas, Duke of, Portuguese con- 
spirator; 1708—1759 U.D. 

Aveis I., sultan of Bagdad ; d. 1374 or 5 U.D. 

Aveis II., or Ahniee-Djesair, sultan of Bagdad; d. 
1410 U.D. 

Avelar, Portuguese painter K. 

Avelen, or Aveeleen, Johann Van-Der, German en- 
graver ; 1706 B.R.D. 

Aveline, Antoine, French engraver and designer ; 



1662-1712 



B.D.E. 



Aveline, J. Francois Antoine, French engraver; 

1718—1760 B.E. 

Aveline, Jean, French engraver ; 1745 B.E. 

Aveline, Joseph, French engraver ; 1638—1690 E. 
Aveline, Pierre, French engraver ; 1710—1760 B.U.E. 
Avella, Gian, Franciscan monk D. 

Avellaneda, Alfonso Fernando d', Spanish author ; 

1610 D.E.c.E.r;. 

Avellaneda, Didacus de, Spanish Jesuit, writer on 

" Confession ;" d. 1598 KE.D. 

Avellaneda, Didacus CoUantes de, Spanish jurist and 

writer on agriculture ; 1006 D.E. 

Avellaneda, Didacus de, decurion of the nobles of 

Toledo; 1610 E.D. 

Avellaneda, Garcia de, comte de Castrillo, viceroy of 

Naples ; 1653 D-U. 

Avellaneda, Gertrudis Gomes de, Spanish poetess; 

b. 1816 ^^ 

Avellar, Andreas, Portuguese mathem. ; 1590 d.t. 
Avellar, Francisco Gomes de, Portuguese bishop and 

statesman; 1739-1816 . .D- 

AvelUno, Antkea, Italian jurist and ecclesiastic; 

1521—1608 , ,^„ l-D. 

Avellino, Francesco, Ital. phys. and author; 16o0 i.D. 
AveUino, Francesco Maria, Italian archieologist and 

author; 1788-1850 »• 



AVE 



76 



AVI 



Avellino, Giulio {H Mcssinese), Sicilian landscape 
painter ; 1645*— 1700 B.t.r. 

Avellino, Ouofrio, Neapolitan ptr. ; 1674—1741 t.B.k. 

Avelloni, Francesco, Italian actor and dramatist ; 
1756—1837 R. 

Avelloni, or Avellani, Giuseppe, Italian poet ; 1761 — 
1817 D. 

Avemann, Wolff, German painter ; d. 1621* d.b. 

Aven, Davent, Davin, or D'Avesnes, engraver n.d. 

Avenarius, Johann, German Protestant tlieologian 
and writer ; 1520 — 1590 y.D. 

Avenarius, Johann, German j)rofessor of eloquence, 
and author ; 1608 ■'^ Q.D. 

Avenarius, Johann, German Protestant theologian 
and writer ; 1690 Q.D. 

Avenarius, Johann, German ecclesiastic, inspector of 
the Gymnasium, and writer ; 1G70 — 1736 q.r.d. 

Avenarius, Mathajus A., German ecclesiastical musi- 
cian ; 1625—1692 R.B. 

Avenarius, Philip A., German organist and music 
composer ; b. 1553* K.E. 

Avenarius, Tliomas, German music composer; 16th 
cent. K.D. 

Avenatius, o?' Avenanzi, Italian physician and author ; 
15th cent. D.Q. 

Avendanna, Spanish Dominican preacher ; d. 1596 D. 

Avendanno, Diego de, Spanish painter ; 1661 d.b. 

Avendanno, Pedro Nuilez, Spanish jurist and author; 
1540* T>. 

Avenel, Denis Louis Martial, French litt. ; b. 1789 F. 

Avenel, Paul, French litterateur ; b. 1823 F. 

Avenelles, Aubin d', Fr. satirical poet ; b. 1480 e.d. 

Avenelles, Pierre des, advocate of the Parliament of 
Paris ; 1550 R.D. 

Avenelles, Philippe des, French litt. ; 16th cent. D.U. 

Avenon, Alexander, sheriff of London, 1561; lord 
mayor, 1567 d- 

Avenpace, Spanish (Arabian) philosoiiher and writer ; 
d. 1129 or 37 C.r/. 

Avenport, Francis Christopher, English theologian 
and writer; 1598*— 1655 D. 

Avensrot, Johannes, Dutch publicist ; 1615 D.Q. 

Aventin, St, bishop of Chartres ; d. 528 U. 

Aventinensis, Cn. Genucius, Roman con. ; B.C. 363 h.x. 

Aventinensis, L. Genucius, Eoman con. ; B.C. 365 H.X. 

Aventinensis, L. Genucius, Koman con. ; B.C. 362 H.X. 

Aventinensis, L. Genucius, con. of Rome ; B.C. 303 H.X. 

Aventinus, or Thurnmayer, Johann, Bavarian chro- 
nicler; 1466—1534 c.D.G.w. 

Aver, Johann Paul, German painter ; 1636 — 1687 N.D. 

Averani, Benedetto, Italian savant and author ; 1645 — 
1707 I.D.C.W. 

Averani, Giuseppe, Italian physician, jurist, and 
author; 1662—1738 c.i.D.W. 

Averani, Nicolo, Italian mathematician ; d. 1727 D. 

Averara,Giambattista,Ital. painter; 1508—1548 B.t.r. 

Averara, Pietro del, Italian dramatist ; 1680 I.D. 

Averari, Antonio, Italian theologian ; 1500 I.D. 

Avertoacli, Jewsh grammarian ; 1710 o. d. 

Avertoacli, Johann Gottfried, German painter ; 1687 — 
1743 B. 

Averl>acli, Samuel ben David, Polish rabbi and com- 
mentator ; 17th cent. O.D. 

Avercam, Henri van [de Stommevan Campen), painter ; 
16th cent. D.B. 

Averdy, Clement-Charles-FranQoisdel', French comp- 
troller-gcD. of finance, and author; 1723 — 1793 c.U.D. 

Averell, William, English pamphleteer ; 1580* R.w. 

Averell, William W. , American brigadier-gen. ; 1862 e. 

Averhausen, Joseph, German theol. ; 1664—1734 Q.D. 

Averill, John, bishop of Limerick, 1770 ; d. 1771 c. 

Averoldi, Girolamo, Italian monk and theologian ; 
17th cent. I.Q. 

Averoldi, Giulio Antonio, Italian antiquary and au- 
thor ; 1651—1717 I.U. 

Averoldi, HipiJolyte, Italian theologian and author ; 
1630 Q.D. 



Averoni, Valentin, Italian theol. and writer ; 1577 i.D. 

Averoult, or Dauroult, Antoine, French Jesuit theo- 
logian ; d. 1614 Q. D. 

Averroes, o?*I]Dn-Rocliid, Arabian physician and philo- 
sopher of Cordova ; 1149^'' — 1198 c.d.e.U. 

Aversa, Mercurio de, Italian painter ; 17th cent. D.T. 

Aversa, Tommaso, Italian poet and dramatic author ; 
d. 1663 i.D.E.u. 

Avery, Henry, English pirate ; 1696 

Avery, John, American divine ; d. 1635 A. 

Avery, Samuel, sheriff of London ; 1647 d. 

Avery, WaitstiU, American lawyer ; d. 1821 e. 

Avery, William, American divine ; d. 1687* A. 

Avesani, Joachim, Italian rhetorician and j^oet ; 1741 — 
1818 K.D.U. 

Avesbury, Robert de, English chronicler and histo- 
rian ; 1356* D.R.u.w. 

Avesgund, Fr. monk, abbot of La Colture ; d. 1079 E. 

Avesne. See Davesne. 

Avesne, Francois d' (le Pacifiquc),Yr. writer ; c7.1662*D. 

Aveugle, Jean le Jeune 1', French Oratorian and 
writer; d. 1672 D.Q. 

Avezac, Jean Pierre Valentin Joseph de Castera d', 
French deputy at St Domingo ; 1756—1803 E. 

Avezac, Pierre Valentin de Castera d', French colonist 
and canal jirojector ; 1719 — 1791 R. 

Avezac, Pierre Valentin Dominique Julian de Castera 
d', French scholar, and translator at St Domingo ; 
1769—1831 E. 

Avezac-Macaya, Marie Armand Pascal d', French 
geographer ; b. 1799 1". 

Avezan, Jean d', Fr. jurist and writer; d. 1669 Q.D. 

Avia, Jacob, German musical amateur ; 1650 E. 

Aviani, Italian painter and architect ; 1630 t.r.B. 

Aviano, Geronimo, Italian burlesque poet; 1610 i.R.C. 

Avianus, Flavins, Latin poet ; 160* D.U. 

Avianus, or Avianius, Johann, German writer on 
music ; d. 1617 K.D. 

Avianus, Wilhelm, German astronomer ; 1629 D.w. 

Avian Du Bois De Sanzay, Charles Frangois d', arch- 
bishop of Bordeaux, and author ; 1736 — 1826 R. D.U. 

Avibus, or Osello, Gasx)aro, Italian engraver ; b. 
1530* R.D.B. 

Avice {le Chevalier), French amateur engraver ; 17th 
cent. R. 

Avicebron, Arabian philos. and author ; 13th cent. D. 

Avicenna, o?- Abou-Ibn-Sina, Arabian philosopher and 
physician ; 980—1037 D.U.C.W. 

Avidius, Cassius, Roman emperor ; 2nd cent. R. U. 

Aviellus, Henry, English physician ; 1280 

Avienus, Faustus, consul of Rome ; 502 H. 

Avienus, Rufus-Festus, Latin poet and geographer ; 
4th cent. R.u.c.w.D. 

Avienus, Rufus Magnus Faustus, consul of Rome ; 
501 H. 

Avigador, Avigdor, or Abagdor, Jewish writer and 
commentator o.D. 

Avigador, Abraham - ben - MeshuUam ; Italian rablii 
and author ; b. 1350* D. e. 

Avigador, Ben Moise (Itzmunsh), German rabbi and 
translator ; d. 1591 o.D. 

Avigador, Salomon ben Abraham ; Jewish philo- 
sophical writer ; 15th cent. D. 

Avigador Kara, or Kra, German rabbi and author ; 
d. 1439 z.D. 

Avigador Sopher {the Scribe), German Jewish writer 
and commentator ; 1594 o.D. 

Avila, Alfonso, Spanish Jesuit and author ; 1546 — 
1618 E.D. 

Avila, Esteban, Spanish Jesuit missionary to Peru ; 
1549—1601 R. 

Avila, Francisco de, Spanish portrait painter; 17th 
cent. D.B. 

Avila, Gil. Gonzales d', Spanish antiquary and his- 
toriographer ; 1577—1658 u.d.r. 

Avila, Hernando d', Spanish painter and sculptor ; 
1500* D.U. 



AVI 



77 



AXU 



Avlla, Jiian d' {Apoxtle of Andalusia), Spanish mis- 
sionary; 1500—1569 U.D.K. 

Avila, Juan d', Spanish founder ; 16th cent. D.u. 

Avila, Luis Lobera d', Spanish physician aud medical 
m-iter ; 1540 _ D. 

Avila, Sancho d', bishop of Placenza aud pious writer; 
1546—1625 D.R.E. 

Avila, Sancho d', Spanish general : 1574 d.k.U. 

Avila, Tomas Luis Vittoria d', Spanish music com- 
poser ; 1585* K.D. 

Avila y ZuJiga, Don Luis d', Spanish diplomatist 
and historian ; h. 1500 e.U.d.r. 

Aviler, Augustin Charles d', French architect ; 1653 — 
1700 R.u.c.w. 

Aviles, Mauoel Leitam de, Spanish master of the 
orchesti'a at Granada ; 1025 B.K.D. 

Aviola, consul of Eome ; 2oH H. 

Aviola, M. Acilius, consul of Home ; 54 H. 

Aviola, M. Acilius, consul of Rome ; 122 H. 

Aviron, Jacques le Batelier d', French jurist ; 16th 
cent. D.P. 

Avis, Jean, French jjhysician ; 1471 n.P. 

Avisa, consort of -John, king of England 

Avison, Charles, English mvxsic composer and organ- 
ist ; 1720—1770 k.r.c.w. 

Avisse, French litterateur ; 1772— ISOl d.u. 

Avisse, Etienne Fran9ois, French comic poet and 
dramatist; d. 1747 U.D.R. 

Avit, Jean Baptiste, French mechanician ; d. 1837 D.i. 

Avltable, Pedro, Italian mis&ionary to Georgia and 
the Indies ; 1607—1650 I. U.D.K. 

Avitus, consul of Rome ; 144 H. 

Avitus, consul of Rome ; 200 H. 

Avitus, Flavins, Roman emperor (455), afterwards 
bishop of Plaisance ; d. 457 x.H. 

Avitus, Gallonius, governor of Thrace under Aurelian ; 
260* D. 

Avitus, Jules, governor of Mesopotamia and Cyprus 
under Severus ; 200* D. 

Avitus, Marcus Majcilius, of Aquitaine, emperor of the 
West; d. 456 E.D.U. 

Avitus, Sextus - Alcimus - Ecdictius, St, Latin poet, 
archbishop of Vienne (France) ; d. 525 C.U.D.W. 

Avitus, St {the Hermit) ; 490*— 570 d. 

Avity, Pierre d', French litterateur ; 1.573—1635 D. U. 

Ave, Sebastiano, Ital. Carmelite and autlior; 1580 i.D. 

Avogadro, Alberto, Italian poet ; 1.5th cent. i.D.C.W. 

Avogadro, Camillo, Italian poet ; el. 1017 I. P. 

Avogadro, Camillo (the Advocate), Italian writer I.D. 

Avogadro (not Avogrado), Girolamo, Italian jurist 
and philologist ; d. 1486 I.D. 

Avogadro, Giuseppe, Count of Casanova, Italian 
writer on agriculture ; 1731 — 1813 T.B. 

Avogadro, Lucia, Italian poetess ; d. 1584 I.D. 

Avogadro, Luigi, Count of, Ital. warrior; (/. 1512 r.d. 

Avogadro, Nestor Denis, Italian lexicographer ; 15th 
cent. I.E.W. 

Avogadro, Pietro, Italian litterateur ; 1480 I.D. 

Avogadro, or Avocati, Vincenzo Maria, Sicilian theo- 
logian and writer ; 6. 1702 I.D. 

Avogardro, Pietro (Bresciano), Italian painter ; 

1730* B.T.E. 

Avogaro, Azzoni Eambaldo, Count of, Italian archae- 
ologist and author ; 1719 — 1790 D.U. 

Avola, Francesco, Italian physician and writer ; 
1667—1712 D.Q. 

Avolo, Cesare, Italian philosopher ; 1580 i.Q. 

Avon (Xorthampton, John), English Carmelite ; 1350 

Avond, Augusta, French representative ; b. 1820 F. 

Avond, Jacques, French poet and theol. ; 1730 K.D. 

Avojjdano, Pietro Antonio, Italian musician and 
composer; 1725* k.r.d. 

Avont, Peter van der, Flemish painter ; b. 1619* b.r. 

Avosani, Orfeo, Italian organist aud sacred music 
composer ; 1640* D. r. 

Avost, Jerome, French poet and litterateur; 1558 — 
1584 u.D. 



Avre, Francois d', French dramatic .author; 1600 D.Q. 
Avrigny, Charles-Josepli La-uillard d', French dra- 
matic author ; 1760— 1823 F.U.D. 
Avrigny, Hyacinthe Eobillard d', French Jesuit and 

historian ; 1675— 1719 u.D.c.w. 

Avril, Jean, sieur de la Roche, French minor poet ; 

1565* D.R.U. 

Avril, Jean Jacques, Baron, French general ; 1752— 

1839 F.n. 

Avril, Jean -Jacques, Fr. engraver; 1774—1832 n.d.b. 
Avril, Philippe, French Jesuit, missionary to Persia 

and Armenia ; 1685 r.u.W. 

Avril, Sophie EmUe Philippe, French engineer; b. 

1797 F. 

AvriUon, Jean - Baptiste - Elie, French Franciscan 

preacher; 1652 — 1729 D.u.c.w. 

Avrillot, Barbe (d'Acarie), foundress of the order of 

Carmelites in France ; 1565—1618 r.d. 

Avudraam, Ben Joseph ben David, Spanish Jewish 

theologian and author ; 1350"^ o.R. 

Avy, Antoine Sylvain, Baron, French general ; 1776 — 

1814 D. 

Awadhi de Maragba, Persian poet ; d. 1297 d. 

Awari, Mussulman writer ; 1049 d. 

Awbrey, Andrew, lord mayor of London ; 1339-40 d. 
Awbrey, Timothy, English divine ; 1731 
Awdelay, or Audley, John, English canon in tlie 

monastery of Haghmond, and sacred poet ; 1426 r.d. 
Awdeley, John, English printer and author; 1570 R. 
Awdry, Sir John "Wither, English judge at Bombay ; 

b. 1795 M. 

Aweis, or Ahmed Djesair, last ruler of the dynasty of 

the Il-Khaniens in Persia ; d. 1410 R.U. 

Aweis, Avis, or Weiss Sliah, Il-Khanien ruler of 

Persia ; d. 1374 R.U. 

Aweis, or Vais {3feer Vais, or Mirvei.'^), chief of the 

Ghilji Afghans of Candahar ; d. 1715 K. 

Awfield, Thomas, Catholic divine ; d. 1585 
Awister, John, English phys. and author ; 1760 CD. 
Awtil, Daniel, English counterfeiter of coin ; el. 1702* R. 
Ax, or Axius, Paul, orator and poet ; 4th cent. D. 
Axajacati, seventh emperor of Mexico, and father of 

Montezuma ; 1464— 1477 D.R.U. 

Axareto, or Axereto, Blaise, Italian general ; 1435 D. 
Axareto. See Assereto. 

AxeMelm, Swedish antiq. and jurist ; 1608—1692 Q.R. 
Axel, Isaac, Swedish philosopher ; 1060 Q.D. 

Axel, Johannes Honore Van, Dutch jurist and author; 

1620 . D.Q. 

Axelson, Aage, Danish counsellor of st.ate ; 1450 g.k. 
Axelson, Erik or Erich, gov. of Stockholm : 1468 G K. 
Axelson, Iver or Iwar, ruler of Gothland : 1467 g.k.D. 
Axelson, Olaf, govei-nor of Gothland ; 1450 g.r.D. 
Axelt, or Atzelt, Johann, Germ, engraver ; b. 1654 b.d. 
Axen, Petrus, German jurist and author ; 1635 — 

1707 Q.D. 

Axerdis, king of Nineveh ; B.C. 670 H. 

Axionicus, Athenian comic poet ; B.C. 380 D.E.x. 
Axiotliea, wife of Nicocles, king of Paphos ; b. v. 

310* ^ D.R.x. 

Axmann, Anton, German painter ; 1735 n.d. 

Axmann, Joseph, Austrian engraver ; b. 1793 N.d.f. 
Axonius, Joachim, theologian, jurist, and poet of 

Brabant ; el. 1605 Q-D.u. 

Axt, Frederich Samuel, German sacred music com- 
poser ; 1684—1745 K.D, 
Axtel, Danish, English parliamentarian colonel; d. 

1660 .., ., ■°' 

Axtell, Henry, American divine ; 1773-1839 A.E. 
Axtelmeyer, Stanislas Eeinhard, German physician 

and economist ; 1700 . . Q-'D- 

Axtius, or Axt, Johann Conrad, German physician and 

botanist; 1670 . Q.D.w, 

Axtmann, Leopold, Austrian painter of animals; 

1700-1748 . ,. . ,„P-^' 

Axton, William, Eng. Nonconformist divine; 1574 q. 
Axular, Pierre, French writer ; 1040 B. 



AYA 



78 



AZA 



Ayala, Baltliasar, Flemish j\irist ; 1548* — 158-1 E.U.D. 

Ayala, Bernabi de, Spanish painter; d. 1673 B.U.D. 

Ayala, Diego Lopez de, Spanish ecclesiastic and trans- 
lator ; 16th cent. D.R. 

Ayala, Gab., Span. surg. in Brussels ; d. 1562* c.R.D. 

Ayala, Ignacio Lopez de, Spanish astronomer and 
litterateur ; 18th cent. U. 

Ayala, Juan J. de, Spanish friar and pious writer E. 

Ayala, Juan Interain, Span, litterateur ; d. 1730* D.U. 

Ayala, Pedi-o Lopez d', Spanish statesman general, 
and historian ; 1332 — 1407 E.D.u.E. 

Ayala, Sebastiano, Italian Jesuit, theologian, mathe- 
matician, and author ; 1744 — 1817 E.D.S. 

Ayamonte, Marquis de. Span, conspirator; fZ.1641 D.u. 

Aybar, Ximines Pedro, Spanish painter ; 1682 B.D. 

Aybaut, Pierre, French lawyer ; 1536—1601 U. 

Aycard, Marie, French novelist ; h. 1794 F.D. 

Ayesha, favourite wife of Mohammed ; 610—677 e.d. 

Aygler, Bernard, Italian cardinal ; (/. 1282 D.TJ. 

Ayland, or Eland, Henry, English divine and classical 
scholar ; d. 1551 Q. 

Ayland, Nicholas, English divine ; 1542—1607 or 8 q. 

Ayleph, Sir John, sheriff of London ; 1548 d. 

Aylesbury, Sir Thomas, English mathematician and 
astronomer; 1576 — 1657 w.R.C.D.o. 

Aylesford, Heneage Finch, Earl of, English peer ; h. 
1786 r. 

Aylesham, John, sheriff of London ; 1343 d. 

Ayleston, Robert de, archdeacon of Berks, baron of 
the Exchequer ; 1330 /. 

Aylett, George, English surgeon and wi-itcr ; 1759 w. 

Aylett, Robert, English master in Chancery, and poet ; 
6. 1584 E.Q.C.W.D. 

Aylett, Sir AVilliam, English military officer ; d. 1833 

Aylies du Gers, French magistrate and deputy ; h. 
1798 r. 

AylifFe, John, English author ; 1720 E.C.W.*;. 

Aylin, or Ailino, Giovanni, Italian historian; 14th 
cent. u.R. 

Ayllon, Lucas Vasquez d'. Span, adventurer ; 1360 D. 

Aylmer, Lord, governor of Canada ; d. 1834 

Aylmer, Eward, English loyalist divine ; 1635 

Aylmer, Sir Gerald, lord justice of Ireland ; 1552 

Aylmer, John, bishop of London, 1577 ; b. 1521, d. 
1594 c.E.w.o.Z.cZ. 

Aylme'', John, English classical scholar and author; 
d. ] .'2 w. 

Aylmer, Justin, English divine ; 1704 

Aylmer, Lawrence, sheriff of London ; 1501 d. 

Aylmer, Lord Matthew, English admiral and com- 
mander-in-chief of the fleet ; d. 1720 E. 

Aylmer, Richard, English military officer ; d. 1761 

Aylmer, Theophilus, archdeacon of London ; d. 1626 

Ayloff, follower of the earl of Argyle R. 

AylOff, John, English lawyer ; d. 1685 

AylOflF, William, English justice of the King's Bench, 
1577 ; d. 1585 /. 

Ayloffe, Sir Jos., Eng. antiquary ; 1708—1781 C.E.U.W. 

Aylward, Theodore, English music composer, and 
organist at St George's chapel, Windsor ; d. 1801 D. 

Aymar, last count of Angouleme ; 1197 U.E.L. 

Aymard, Antoine, Baron, French general ; 6. 1773 F. 

Ayme, Jean Jacques, or Job, French magistrate and 
revolutionist ; 1752—1818 p.d.U.E. 

Ajnnen, Jean Baptiste, Fr. phys. and author ; 1750 D. 

Aymer de Lesignan, bishop of Winchester (1200) ; 
d. 1260 d.l. 

Aynes, Franfois-David French litterateur and com- 
piler ; 1766—1827 D.u. 

Aymes, John, English physician ; d. 1670 

Aymes of Varannes, French poet ; 1188 e. 

Aymon, Jean, French author ; 1700 C.u.D.W. 

Aymon (the Pacific), count of Savoy ; 1291—1343 u.D. 

Ayne, Jules Gabriel, French magistrate and politician ; 
b. 1806 

Aynsworth, Ralph, master of Peterhouse, Cambridge ; 
d. 1509 q. 



Ayolas, Juan de, Spanish adventurer, governor of 

Buenos Ayres, 1536 ; d. 1538 D.U.E. 

Ayoub, Saracen commander in Spain ; 717 
Ayourites, or Ayyoubites, or EiouMtes, a Turkish 

dynasty founded by Saladin ; 1171 
AyraiUt, Ren^, Jesuit and writer ; 1567—1644 D.P. 
Ayraut, Pierre, or Petrus jErodius, French advocate 

in the Pai-liament of Paris, and writer on civil law ; 

1536 — 1601 u.E.c.w.D. 

Ayre, William, English poet ; d. 1745 
Ayre, AViUiam Thomas, English lawyer ; 1780 
Ayremynne, Richard de, master of the Rolls, lord- 
keeper of the Great Seal ; 1324 /. 
Ajrremynne, William de, bishop of Norwich (1325), 

lord-keeper of the Great Seal, 1311 ; d. 1336 f.d.l. 
Ajnrenlioff, Cornelius von, dramatic poet and Austrian 

field-marshal ; d. 1819 R. u. 

Ayxer, Christian Victor, Ger. port, engraver ; 1665 N.D. 
Ayrer, Christoph Heinrich, German medical writer ; 

1590* D. 

Ayrer, Em. Will., German physician ; 1647—1690 d. 
Ayrer, Georg-Heinrich, Germ, jurist; 1702—1774 Q.u. 
Ayrer, Jacob, German designer n.d. 

Ayrer, Jacob, German dramatic poet ; d. 1605* D.R. 
Ayrer, Johauu Christoph, German medical writer ; 

16th cent. d. 

Ayrer, Johann Wilhem, German physician and author: 

b. 1671 D. 

A3rrer, Justine, German painter ; 1704 — 1790 n.d. 
Ayrer, Melchior, German mathematician, chemist, 

and physician ; 1520 — 1579 D. 

Ayrer, Michel, Germ, enameller on silver; d. 1582 N.D. 
A3n:es, John, English calligrapher ; c?. 1705* c.E.w. 
Ayres, Pliilip, English author and poet ; 1670 D.w. 
Ayres, Pietro, Italian painter ; 1832 n.d. 

Ayres - Ferreira, Gongalo, Portuguese navigator ; 

1530 D.T. 

Ayrmann, Christophe Friederich, German antiquary, 

historian, and commentator ; 1695 — 1750 q.u.w.d, 
Ayrton, Acton Smee, English politician ; b. 1816 
Ayrton, Edmund, Eng. composer ; 1734—1808 R. 

Ayrton, John, English physician ; 1812 w. 

Ayrton, William, English musical writer ; d. 1859 
Ajnty, James, English Franciscan ; 1680 
Ayry, or Airay, Martin, Catholic priest ; 1602 
Ayscoghe, William, English judge ; 1440 /. 

Ayscough, George Edward, English lieutenant, travel- 
ler, and dramatist ; d. 1779 C.R.D. W.r/, 
Ayscougll, James, English optician and author ; 18 th 

cent. CD. 

Ayscougll, Philip, English divine ; 1729 w. 

Ayscough, Sam., Eng. antiq., litt., and assistant libra- 
rian of the British Museum ; 1745—1804 r/.R.u.C.w. 
Ayscu, Edward, English historian ; 17th cent. CD. 
Ayscue, or Ayscougll, Sir George, British admiral ; 

d. 1673 or 4 e.d.c. 

Ayshton, Nicholas, English judge ; 1461 /. 

Aysson, Diego Ximenes, Spanish poet; 16th cent. D. 
Ayta, Ulric Van Zuichem-Viglius, Dutch stateiunan, 

lawyer, and author ; 1507—1577 U.D.E. 

Ayton, Richard, Scotch essayist ; d. 1823 
Ajrton, Sir Robert, Scottish poet ; 1570—1638 D.W. 
Aytoim, Roger Sinclair, English politician ; b. 1823 
Aytoun, William Edmondstoune, Scottish poet and 

professor ; b. 1813, d. 1865 M. 

Ayub Ben Habid, viceroy of Spain ; d. 715 e. 

Ayiibonensis, John, suffragan bishop of Canterburj' ; 

1369 d.h.l. 

Azad-Ed-Doulah, second prince of the dynasty of the 

Dilami ; d. 983 D. 

Azad-Khan, governor of Azer-Baijan ; 1753 c.D. 

Azairi de Rai, Persian poet at the court of the princes 

Dilami or Bazah ; 10th cent. D. 

Azais, Pierre Hyacinthe, French music composer ; 

1743-1793 K.E, 

Azais, Pierre Hyacinthe, French philosopher, moralist, 

and author; 1766—1845 d.e.w.c 






r^"- 



AZA 



79 



AZZ 



Azalais de Porcairagues, Adelaide, French poetess 

and troubadour ; rf. 1160 D.E. 

Azambuza.Diegod', Portuguese navigator ; cZ. 1415 D.E. 
Azambuja, Don Jodo Esteves de, cardinal, arclibishop 

of Lisbon ; d. 1415 D. 

Azan. See AsaTi. 

Azanza, Miguel Jos(5 de, Span, statsm. ; 1746—1826 f.r. 
Azara, Don Felice d', Spanish traveller, scholar, and 

author; 1746—1811 E.D.w. 

Azara, Don Jose-Nicolas, Spanish diplomatist and 

author; 1732-1804 C.U.E.D. 

Azari, Sheikh, Persian poet ; 1388*— 1460 D. 

Azariah, or Azarias, Jewish high -priest ; B.C. 959 
Azariah, Ben Ephraim Pigo, Italian rabbi and author ; 

d. 1642 o.D.z. 

Azariah, Samuel, Jewish writer O.D. 

Azariah de Rubeis, Ital. rabbi and author ; 1574 o. u. 
. Azarias, Ital. rabbi and translator ; 10th cent. P.c.W. 
Azaxio, Pietro, Italian historian ; loth cent. i.U.R.D. 
Aze, Ilabbi, one of the compilers of the " Talmud " U. 
Aze, or Adzer, Daniel Jansen, Danish medallist ; 

d. 1808 N.D. 

Azeez, Malek-al-Azeez Ghyath-ed-deen, sovereign of 

Aleppo (1216) ; 1213-1236 E. 

Azeez, Malek-al-Azeez Imad-ed-deen Othman, son of 

Saladin, and sovereign of Egypt, 1193 ; d. 1198 E. 
IzeezJBi'lIali, Fatimite caliph of Africa ; 952—996 E. 
lassimo Taparelli, Marquis dell', minister to 

the kiffg of Sardinia, author and artist ; 6. 1798 D.M. 
Azeglio, Taparelli Cresare, Marquis dell', counsellor to 

Victor Em., king of Italy, and dipl. ; 1763—1830 D.S. 
Azeglio, Victor Emmanuel Taparelli, Marquis d', Italian 

ambassador to England ; 6. 1815 M, 

Azeglio, Victor Taparelli, Marquis d', Italian artist, 

journalist, and statesman ; 1800— 18G6 M. 

Azelt, 0?" Axelt, German engraver ; h. 1654 E.D. 

Azemar, or Azimar (le Noir), French troubadour and 

composer; 13th cent. E.D. 

Azevedo, Portuguese professor of medicine ; 1706 d.q. 
Azevedo, Alonsode, Span, j urist and author ; t^. 1598* d. 
Azevedo, Alonso de, Spanish poet; 1615 e.d. 

Azevedo, Angela de, Portuguese poetess ; 17th cent. D. Y. 
Azevedo, Antonio de, Portuguese comic poet ; 1521 — 

1557 D.Y.E. 

Azevedo, Antonio de, Portuguese writer ; 1590 d.t. 

Azevedo, Antonio de, Portuguese Jesuit, jjrofessor of 
philosophy and theology ; 17th cent. D.T. 

Azevedo, Felix Alvarez de. Span. gen. ; d. 1808 c.D. 

Azevedo, Francisco de, Portuguese poet ; d. 1G80 D.Y. 

Azevedo, Girolamo viceroy of the Portuguese empire 
in India ; 1612 D. 

Azevedo, Ignazio, Portuguese Jesuit martyr ; 1527 — 
1570 u.E. 

Azevedo, Juan de, Portuguese ecclesiastic, and mem- 
ber of the Inquisition ; 1625—1697 D.Y. 

Azevedo, Juan, Portuguese theol. ; 1GG5— 1746 d.y. 

Azevedo, Juan Velasquez, Si^anish writer; 1026 D.Q. 

Azevedo, Luis d', Portuguese missionary to Ethiopia ; 
1573—1634 E.E.u.D. 

Azevedo, Luis Antonio de, Portuguese gram. ; 1815 c.D. 

Azevedo, Luizade, Spanish i^oetess; 1655 — 1G79 D.Y. 

Azevedo, Manuel, Portuguese naval surg. ; 1G38 D.Q. 

Azevedo, Manoel Soares de, Poi-tuguese jurist and 
author; 1721 Q.D. 

Azevedo, Moyse Salomon, Spanish author d.q. 

Azevedo, Pedro, Spanish medical author D. 

Azevedo, Silvestre de, Portuguese Dominican mission- 
ary to the East ; d. 1589 E.D. 

Azevedo - Coutinho y Bemal, Josef -Felix -Antoine- 
Fran^ois, Belgian geneal. and hist. ; 1717 — 1780 u.E. 

Azevedo-Coutinho, Joze Joaquim da Cimha, Portu- 
guese bishop, last inquisitor-general of Portugal and 
Brazil; 1742—1821 D.U. 

Azevedo-Coutinho, Marcos, explorer of Brazil ; 1.596 D. 

Azevedo-da-Cualia, Felix de, Portuguese poet ; 18th 
cent. D.Y. 

Azevedo-BIorato, ]\Ianoel de, Portug. poet ; 1716 Y. d. 



Azevedo-Tojal, Pedro, Portuguese ecclesiastic and 

poet ; 1716 d.t. 

Azevedo-y-Zuniga, viceroy of Peru and Mexico, 1603: 

d. 1606 D. 

Azim, or Mohammed Azim Shah, sovereign of Dekkan ; 

d. 1707 R. 

Azim-ul-Dowla Behauder, the last nabob of the Car- 

natic; 1770*— 1819 E.D.U. 

Azin, , French engineer ; 18th cent. Q.D. 

Aziahero, Cristorfo Roderiguez, Portuguese jurist and 

historian ; 6. 1474 d.y. 

Azlzi-Kaha-Chelebi-Zade, Abdul -1- Aziz Efifendi, 

Turkish statsm., hist., .and poet ; 1591-1667 D. 
Aznar, count of Gascogny ; d. 836 u.D. 

Azo, Azzo, or Azzolinus, Fortius, Italian jurist and 

wi-iter; d. 1200 or 25 C.p.d.U. 

Azopardi, Francis, master of the chapel at Malta, and 

writer on sacred music ; 1750 k.U.e.d. 

Azor, Juan, Spanish Jesuit and theologian ; 1533 — 

1603 C.D.U.P.E. 

Azpilcueta, Martinus ab {Azpliqueta, or Navarrus), 

Spanish jurist and author ; 1493 — 1586 R.c.E.gr. 

AzraM, Persian poet and philosopher ; 11th cent. D, 
Azrlel, Jewish theologian o.D. 

Azriel, Ben Menachem, Jewish cabalistic writer o.D. 
Azriel, Ben Bloses [the Levite), German Jewish theo- 
logian; 17th cent. o.D. 
Azriel, Ben Moses Meisel, Polish rabbi and author ; 

1704 o.D. 

Azulai, Abraham Ben INIordecai, of Fez, rabbi, caba- 
listic author ; 1600*— 1644 o.E.z. 
Azxini, Domenico Alberto, Italian jurist, antiquary, 

and author ; 1749 — 1827 E.S.D.U.W. 

Azxirara, or Zurara, Gomez Eannes de, Portuguese 

historian ; 15th cent. D. 

Az3rmet Guerai, khan of the Crimea ; d. 1767 D. 

Azyz-Billah, Abou Mansour Nezai, caliph of Egypt ; 

955—996 u.D. 

Azz-Al-Mulk Abu-Kalenjar, Persian prince of the 

Bowian family ; d. 1048 K. 

Azzanello, Gregorio, Italian author ; 1393 E.D.U. 

Azzari, Fulvio, Italian soldier and hist. ; 1575 I.E.U. 

Azzarih, , Italian music composer ; 1810* D, 

Azzarkal, Aboul-Kahin-Ibn-Abderrahman, Arabian 

mathematician and astronomer ; 11th cent. D. 

Azz-Ed-Deen, a title borne by many of the .. ''oslem 

princes of the Middle Ages i. . 

Azz-Ed-Deen Kai-Kaoos, sovereign of Anatolia, 1210 ; 

d. 1219 B. 

Azz-Ed-Deen Kai-Kaoos II., tenth sultan of Anatolia, 

1247 ; d. 1277 R. 

Azz-Ed-Deen Kilij Arslan, fifth Ssljukian sovereign of 

Room or Anatolia, 1156 ; d. 1192 E. 

Azz-Ed-Deen Massoud, prince of Moosul and sultan, 

1180 ; d. 1193 E. 

Azz-Ed-Doulah Bakhtiyar, sovereign of Bagdad and 

Abbasside caliphite (967) ; 942-977 e.d.u. 

Azz-Ed-Doulah Mahmood, prince of Aleppo ; d. 1074 B. 
Azzemino, Paolo, Venetian artist ; 1505* _ D. 

Azzi, Francesco-Maria degli, Ital. poet; 1655— 1707 l.n. 
Azzi, Horatio degli, Italian theologian ; 1700 i.D. 

Azzi ne' Forti, Faustino d', Itahan poetess ; 1650— 

1724 E.I.U. 

Azzio, Marco, Italian engraver ; 16th cent. D. 

Azzo, duke of Spoletto ; 651 

Azzo, marquis d'Este ; d. 1097 . '^^ 

Azzo, marquis d'Este, leader of the Guelphs in Fer- 

rara ; d. 1212 . 

Azzo, Alberto, seigneiir de Canossa, marquis ot Reggio 

and Modena ; lOth cent. U.D. 

Azzo, Alberto, marquis d'Este ; d. 1029 D. 

Aszo-Guidi, Antonio-Maria, Itahan Franciscan monk ; 

1697—1770 J ^- U.I. 

Azzo-Guidi, Germmo, Italian physician and author ; 

1740-1814 , .^ -,.^-.^•^• 

Azzo-Guidi, Pietro, Ital. eccles. and writer ; 1475 I.D. 
Azzo-Guidi, Taddeo, Italian political leader ; 1376 U.D, 



AZZ 



80 



BAB 



Azzo-Guidi, Valerio-Felice, Italian historian and chro- 
nologist; 1651—1728 U.i. 

Azzola, Giambattista, Italian painter ; 17th cent. B.U. 

Azzolini, Decio, Ital. wi'it., cardinal ; 1()23— ]689 u.i.D. 

Azzolini, or Mazzolini, Giovanni Bernardino, Neapoli- 
tan painter and modeller ; 1510 b.k.d.t. 



Azzolini, Lorenzo, Italian satiric poet; d. 1G32 

I. U.K. 

Azzoni Avogari, Eanibalo degli, Italian archseologisfc 
and author ; 1719—1790 i.D. 

Azzubeydi, Mohammed Ibn el Hasan, Arabian gram- 
marian and lexicographer ; d. 989 d. 



B 



Baaden Durlacli, Marguerite, Germ, artist ; 1760 D.N, 
Baader, Amelia, German engraver; h. 1763 B.D.N, 
Baader, Clement Alois, Bavarian counsellor ; 1762 — 
1838 D.u, 

Baader, Ferdinand Maria, German physician and philo- 
sophical writer ; 1747— 1797 E. 
Baader, Franz Joseph Lambert, German professor of 
botany; d. 1773 E, 
Baader, Franz Xavier, German philosopher and 
ftuthor ; 1765—1841 D. 
Baader, Johann, Bavarian painter; d. 1779 D.N. 
Baader, Johann Michel, Germ, xjainter ; b. 1736 D.N, 
Baader, Joseph, Bavarian engineer and author ; 1763— 
1835 D.u. 
Baader, .Joseph Franz de Paul, German physician and 
medical writer ; 1733—1794 D.E.U, 
Baader, Tobias, Bavarian sculptor ; 17th cent, D.N. 
Baak Hittigh, Jean, Flemish painter; 1642 B.D.N. 
Baake, Ferdinand, German jjianist and music com- 
poser ; h. 1800 D.K. 
Baal, king of TjTe ; rf. B.C. 592 D.P. 
Baale, Hendrik van, Dutch poet and dram. ; d. 1822 R. 
Baalen, Peter van, Dutch j^hysician and author ; 
18th cent. D, 
Baalun, Eoger de, English judge ; 1225 /. 
Baan, Jakob de, Dutch painter ; 1673—1700 B.C.N.P. 
Baan, Joan de, Dutch port, ptr.; 1633—1702 B.C.N.P. 
Baana, brigand chief and assassin ; B.C. 11th cent. D.G. 
Baarland. See Barland. 

Baasha, king of Israel; B.C. 953—931 u. 

Baarsdorp. See Baersdorp. 

Baart, Arnaud, Flemish jurist ; 1554 — 1629 D.P.Q. 
Baart, or Baardt, Pierre, Flem. phys. and author «. Q. U. 
Baaz, or Baazius, Benoit, Swedish litt. ; d. 1650 D.Q. 
Baazius, John, Swedish bishoiD and ecclesiastical his- 
torian ; 1581—1649 Q.E.U.w, 
Bab, John, Armenian theol. and author; 9th cent. D. 
Baba, Turkish sectarian impostor ; 1240 D.U. 
Batoa-Ali, I\Iohanimedan jurist ; d. 1509 U. 
Baba-Ali, dey of Algiers, 1710 ; d. 1718 E.U. 
Baba, Nasibi, confectioner of Talriz, and favourite of 
sultan Yacub ; d. 1537 G.E. 
Baba, Sudai Abiwerdi, Persian poet ; 14th cent. G.E. 
Babakousclii, Abdel-Eamon-]Mustapha, Mussulman 
doctor and author ; 14th cent. U. 
Babarcky, Antony, Hungarian politician ; 6. 1813 P, 
Babarcky, Karl, Hungarian lieut. -colonel; 1850 F, 
Babaud-Laribiere, Fr. publisher and polit. ; h. 1819 F. 
Babbage, Charles, English mathematician, philoso- 
phical mechanician, and author ; h. 1792 M. 
Babbard, Ealph, English mechanician ; 1580 D.E. 
Babbi, Christof oro, Ital. mus. comp. ; 1748—1790* D.K. 
Babbl, Gregorio, Italian musician ; 1740 d.k. 
Babbini, Matteo, Italian singer ; 1754—1816 k.r.u. 
Babcock, llufus, Amer. divine and author ; 6. 1798 c. 
Babe, Johann Jacob, German jurist ; 1620* D.Q, 
Babek {Al Khorremi, the robber), Persian sectary ; d. 
837 E.U, 
Babel, Hugues, Dutch philos. and rliet.; d. 1.55G D.Q. 
Babel, P. E., Fr. goldsmith and jeweller; d. 1770 d.r, 
Babell, William, English performer on the harpsichord 
and composer ; 1700—1722 k.r. 
Babelonius, Auguste, Fr. scholar and author ; 1684 d.q. 
Babelot, almoner to the dk. of Montpensier ; 1580* D. 
Babenburg, Heiurich, dk. of the East Franks ; 870 E. 
Babenburg, Leopold, margrave of Austria e. 



Babeno St Huber, Ludwig, German philosopher and 
theological writer ; 1660—1726 D.Q. 

Baber, Francis, English chancellor of the diocese of 
Gloucester; 1600''— 1669 E. 

Baber, Henry Hervey, keeper of the printed books in 
the British Museum, and author ; 177.5 — 1869 W. 
Babet, Hugh, English Latin poet ; 1474—1556 D.E.U. 
Babeuf, Emile, French bookseller and editor ; 1785 — 
1818 D, 

Babeuf, Frangois-Noel {Caius Gracchus), French 
writer and conspirator ; 1764 — 1797 D.R.U. 

Babeur, Theodore or Dirk, Dutch painter; 1570 — 
1624 B.E. 

Babey, Anathase Marie Pierre, French advocate and 
deputy to the States-General ; 1744—1815 d.f.e. 
Babi, Jean Francois, French terrorist of the Eevolu- 
tion; 1759-1796 f.e. 

Babie de Bercenay, Fran9ois, French publicist ; 1761 — 
1830 (?) d.f, 

Babin, Francois, French theologian and author ; 1651— 
1734 c.D.p.u.w. 

Babinet, Jacques, French phys. and writ. ; b. 1794 F, 
Babington, Anthony, English CatLolic conspirator; 
d. 1586 D.G.R. 

Babington, Benjamin Guy, English physician and 
medical writer ; 1794 — 1866 M. 

Babington, Brutus or Bruce, bishop ol Derry, 1610 ; 
d. 1611 c. 

Babington, Charles Cardale, English naturalist and 
author ; b. 1808 M. 

Babington, Churchill, English divine, philologist, and 
author ; b. 1821 M. 

Babington, Gervase, bishop of Llandaff 1591, Exeter 
1595, Worcester 1597 ; b. 1550, d. 1610 C.^.o.R.w. 
Babington, Henrj^ vice - chancellor of Peterhouse, 
Cambridge; 1500 _ q. 

Babington John, English mathematician and pyro- 
technist ; 17th cent. R. 
Babington,Thos,, sheriff of Derbyshire ; c?. 1518orl9 q. 
Babington, William, chief justice of tlie Common 
Pleas, 1423 ; d. 1455 /. 
Babington, WiUiam, English naturalist, physician, 
and author; 1756-1833 U.w, 
Babini. See Babbini. 

Babinot, Albert, French litterateur ; d. 1570* d.r. 
Bablot, Louis Nicolas Benjamin, French physician 
and author ; 1754—1802 D.U. 

Babnigg, Antoine, German singer and music com- 
poser ; b. 1794 D.K. 
Babo, Joseph Maria, German dramatic author; 
1756—1822 D.u. 
Babo, Lambert, Baron von, German writer on agri- 
culture ; b. 1790 D.F. 
Babo, Lambert, German engraver ; 1815 D.N, 
Babois, Marg. Yictoire, Fr. poetess ; 1760-1839 D. 
Babolein, St, French abbot of St Maur-les-Fossds ; d. 
660 »-U. 
Babon, or Berchthold, burggraf of Eegensberg r, 
Babou, Jean, baron of Sagonne, French grand-master 
of artillery ; d. 1569 D. 
Babour, Mohammed, king of Tartary 1483, Caboul 
and Hindustan 1525 ; d. 1530 U, 
Babre, Jean, French poet and author ; d. 1700* D. 
Babrius, or Babrias, Greek poet and fabulist ; 1st 
cent. (?)B.c. c.D.U.W.x. 
Babuer, or Babur, Dutch painter ; 17th cent N. 



BAB 



81 



BAG 



Baliy, Jean Francois, Fr. republican ; 1759 — 1790 D. 
Babylas, St, Cliristian bishop of Autioch, and martyr ; 

d. 251 C.D.P.R. 

Babylone, Fran(;;ois, French engraver ; 1550* b.b. 
Babynet, Hugues, Fr. sura^eou and author; 1620 d.q. 
Babynghe, John, abp. of Tuam, 1410-18* : d. 1427 c. 
Bac, Theodore, Fr. jurist and politician; v. 1808 D.P. 
Bacalaria, Hugues, troubadour of Provence ; 1150* D. 
Baijan, or Bazan, Ferdinand, American theologian; 

1650 D.Q. 

Bacca, Peter, Hungarian theol. and author ; 1650 D.Q. 
Baccalar trfanna, Vincente, marquis of Si Philipiae , 

Spanish'mstorian ; d. 1726 C.d.q.w. 

Bacealaureus, Bohemian printer ; 1499 K. 

Baccanelli, Giovanni, Italian ijhysician and medical 

writer; 1554 D.K.U. 

Baccarini, Jacopo da Eeggio, Italian painter; 1630''" — 

1682 B.R.T. 

Baccelini, Matteo, Italian poet ; d. 1614 i. Q. 

Baccelli, Geronimo, Italian physician and litterateur ; 

1514—1581 D.Q.U. 

Baccetti, Nicola, Italian monk and litterateur ; 1567 — 



1647 



D.I.U. 
D. 
D.Q. 

K.X. 

1672 — 

D.T. 

11. 

D.X. 



Bacceus, Blichele, Italian physician ; 1630 
Baccharius, monk and theol. writer ; 1560* 
Baccheius, Greek physician ; B.C. 250 
BaccliereUi, Vincenzo, Florentine painter; 

1745 
Baccherest, Dutch admiral ; 18th cent. 
Bacchides, eunuch of Mithridates ; B.C. 60* 
BaccMdes, gen. of Demetrius Soter; B.C. 2nd cent. D. 
Bacchini, Benedetto. Italian Benedictine scholar and 

author; 1651—1721 C.I.E.U.W. 

BaccMs, king of Corinth ; B.C. 925 H. 

Bacchius, Greek musical author ; 4th cent. D.r. 

Bacchmann, Johann Heimich, German architect ; 

1719—1786 E.u. 

Baccliylides, Greek lyric poet ; B.C. 450 c.p.e.u.x. 
Baccliylas, bishop of Corinth ; 196 D.x. 

Bacci, Agues Dolce, Italian paintress K. 

Baccl, Andrea, Italian engraver N. 

Bacci, Andrea, Italian physician, professor of botany, 

and avithor ; c^. 1598 C.P.R.U.W. 

Bacci, Antonio, Italian flower painter ; 1663* b.r.t. 
Bacci, Carlo, Ital. Benedictine theol. and author D.I.Q. 
Bacci, Domeuico, Italian artist K. 

Bacci, Giacomo Antonio, Ital, ethical writer ; 1702 — 

1758 u. 

Bacci, or BaccM, Raffaelle, Italian Jewish painter E. 
Bacciarelli, Jeanue Julienne Frederic Richter, wife 

of Marcello Bacciarelli, paintress ; I. 1733 E. 

Bacciarelli, ]\Iarcello di, Roman painter, pupU of 

Beuefiali; 1731—1818 D.R.U. 

Bacciarone di Messer Paccone, Italian poet ; 1250 u. 
BacciUero, Tibero, Ital. doctor and philos. ; d. 1511 D. 
Baccio da Monte Lupo, Italian sculptor and architect ; 

1445 or 60—1533 or 43 D.R.U. 

Baccio deila Porta [Fra Bariholnmco di San Marco), 

Italian Dominican painter ; 1469 — 1517 B.d.t.u. 
BacciocM, Fehx Pascal, consort of Napoleon's sister, 

Marie Elisa ; 1762— 1841 D.F. 

Bacciochi, Fra-Ferrante, Italian painter b.b. 

BacciOCcM, Marie -Anne-Elisa Bouaiiarte, princess of 

Lucca and Piombino, sister of Napoleon ; 1777— 

1820 r.u, 

BacciocM Adomo, Corsicancol, of chasseurs; 1789 d.f, 
Baccuet, Osee, Swiss doctor and philos. ; d. 1649 d.q. 
Baccus, Heinrich, German scholar and printer ; 

1020* d.q. 

Baccusi, HiTipolyte, Italian monk and music com- 
poser ; 3590 _ _ D.K, 
Bacellaria, Antonio Barbosa, Portugixese jurist, his- 
torian, and poet ; 1010 — 1063 e.U.y. 
Bacerra, Gaspare, Italian painter ; 1520*^1570 T. 
Bacetti, Nicola, Italian ecclesiastic and writer; 1567 — 

1647 E.u. 

Bacfare, Valentine, Hungarian lutist ; 1505 d.k. 



Bach, Alexander, Austrian statesman ; h. 1813* F. 

Bach, Carl-PhiUip-Emmanuel, inofessor of music ; 
1714-1788 D.K.U. 

Bach, Georg, German philos. and author ; d. 1649 D.Q, 

Bach, Johann Christian, German virtuoso and com- 
poser ; 1735—1782 k.e. 

Bach, Johann -Christoph-Friedrich, German music 
composer; 1732—1795 d.K.E.U, 

Bach, Johann Sebastian, German organist and music 
composer; 1685—1750 c.d.k.u. 

Bach, John August, German professor of jurispru- 
dence ; 1721— 1759 D.R.U. 

Each, Victor, French physician and democratic politi- 
cian ; 1770— 1799 D E.U. 

Bach, Wilhelm-Friedmann, German organist ; 1710^ 
1784 D.K. 

Bachaczeh, or Bachacius, Martin, German cosmogra- 
plier ; d. 1612 d.q. 

Bachaie, Ben Asher, Spanish rabbi and author ; 1290 

D.O.E. 

Bachaie, Haddayan ben R. Joseph Pekiida {the Elder), 
rabbi and author ; 13th cent. d.r. 

Bachaie, R. Bar Mosis, of Saragossa, Spanish Jewish 
author ; 1232 e. 

Bacharach, Henri, French grammarian and transla- 
tor ; h. 1810 r, 

Bachaumont, Francois le Coigneux de, French littera- 
teur and wit ; 16i24— 1702 D.U. 

Bachaumont, Louis Petit de, French litterateur; 
d. 1771 D.U. 

Bache, Alex., bishop of St Asaph, 1390 ; d. 1395 d.I. 

Bache, Alexander Dallas, American xdiilosophical 
writer ; 1806—1867 «..c.M. 

Bache, Benjamin Franklin, American printer and 
journalist; d. 1793 A.e.R.u. 

Bache, Franklin, American x>hvsician and chemist ; 
1792—1864 ' rt.F.M. 

Bache, George JM. , American naval officer ; d. 1846 A. 

Bache, Richard, postmaster-general of the United 
States ; 1737—1811 _ a.c, 

Bache, Sarah, daughter of Benjamin Franklin, i^hil- 
anthropist ; 1744—1808 c. 

Bachelerie.o)' Hugues de la Bacalaria, French trouba- 
dour ; 1170* D.R.U. 

Bachelet, Jean Louis Theodore, Fr. author ; h. 1820 

Bacheley, Jacques, French designer and engraver; 

1710—1781 B.D.G.N. 

Bachelier, Jean- Jacques, Fr. painter; 1724 — 1805 n.u. 

Bachelier, Jean IMarguerite. French notary and revo- 
lutionist ; 1793—1843 ' D, 

Bachelier, Nicolas, French sculptor and architect ; 
1550 c.D.P.U. 

Bachelier, Pierre, sieur de Gentes, French philan- 
thropist ; 1611—1672 D.P. 

Bachelor, William, suffragan bishop of Chichester ; 
d. 1515 d-l- 

Bachelot, Francois Marie, French politician ; 1795 D, 

Bachelot, Jean Alexis Augustin, French theologian ; 
1790—1838 D. 

Bachelot de la Pylaie, A. J. ai., French botanist ; 
h. 1786 I"- 

Bachelu, Gilbert Desire Joseph, Baron, French gene- 
ral ; 1777—1849 D. 

Bacher, iUexandre Philip, French professor of 
medicine and ^viiter ; 1730 — 1807 ^ F.E. 

Bacher, George Frederic, Fr. physician ; h. 1709 d.f.m. 

Bacher, Theobald, French military officer and diplo- 
matist ; 1748-1813 ^ ^O-K- 

Bacheracht, Henry, Russian physician and author ; 
]^^25 1795* D.R.U. 

Bacherelli, Vincenzio, Florentine portrait painter ; 

1672-1745 . . . ^-^i 

Bacherius, Fran<jois Pierre, Dommican protessor oi 

theology at Lou vain ;(/. 1601 U, 

Bachet, Guillaume, French translator r toth d.q. 
TT^-T.^* Pierre ■'.--^•-"■'a"-^ 'i» "Mp/ii-nfi. Frencl 



oa--/ 



Bachet, 

16th cent. 



seigneur de Mezirac, French jurist ; 

D.P. 



BAG 



82 



BAG 



Bachet de Meziriac, Claude Gaspard, French scholar, 
mathematician, and author ; 1581—1638 d.e.u. 

Bacheton, Jerome Leoijold, French, iihysician and 
writer ; 18th cent. D.Q. 

Bachetti, Lorenzo, Ital. phys. and jurist; 1690 D.I.Q. 

Baclxettoni, Giuseppe Maria, Italian physician and 
writer ; 1720 d.q. 

Bacheville, Antoine, Fr. officer and trav. ; d. 1S20 d. 

Bacheville, Barthelemy, French officer and traveller ; 
d. 1835 D. 

Bachi, Claudia, French authoress ; 6. 1820* f. 

Bachi, Jean de, French comj^joser ; 16th cent. D.F. 

Bachi, Pietro, SiciUan scholar in America; 1787 — 
1853 A. 

BacMacca, Francesco Ubertini le, Florentine 
painter ; d. 1557 D. 

BacMcli, Anton, Hungarian moralist ; d. 1759 D.Q. 

BacMene, .Johann Heinrich, German ecclesiastic, 
moral and theological writer ; 1708—1789 E. 

BacMene, Willem Albert, Dutch professor of astro- 
nomy and geography ; 1712—1783 E.U. 

BacMUani, Arabian philos. and theol. ; d. 1014 D.Q. 

Bachim, Arnoldus,Germ. philos. and writer ; 1670* D.Q. 

BacMni, Teodoro, Italian Cordelier and music com- 
poser; 1610* D.K. 

Bachiocci, Carlo, Italian painter B. 

Bachius, Joiiann August, German critic and author ; 
1721—1756 c.w. 

Baclimair, .John James, English diyiae and commen- 
tator ; 1770 W. 

Bacliman, John, American naturalist ; h. 1790 «.M. 

Bachmann, Carl Friederich, German philosopher ; 
1785—1855 P. 

Bachmann, Carl Ludwig, German musician and 
musical instrument maker ; 1716 — 1800 d.k.e. 

Bacliiuauii, Christian Ludwig, German physician and 
music writer ; 1785 D.K. 

Bachmaiin, Georg, Dutch or German portrait painter; 
1660* B. 

Bachmann, Gottlob, German music composer ; 1763 — 
1810 D.K. 

Bachmann, Baron Jacques Joseph Antoine Leger de, 
major-general in the Swiss Guards ; 1733 — 1792 E.u. 

Bachmann, Johann Heinrich, German genealogist ; 
1719—1786 D.u. 

Bachmann, Ludwig Ernst, Germ, philos. ; h. 1792 p. 

Bachmaim.M. Anton, German philosopher ; 1620 D.Q. 

Bachmann, Pater Sixt, German musician and com- 
poser ; 1754—1820* K.E. 

Bachmann-Anderletz, Baron Nicolas Frangois de, 
French colonel ; 1740—1831 D.E.U. 

Bachniegytoi, Steven-Paul, Hungarian physician and 
aiithor ; d. 1735 D.Q.E.u. 

Bachon, Jean, French mathematician ; 1650 D.Q. 

Bacliot, Etienne, Fr. phys. and Latin poet; 1670 D.Q. 

BachOt, Gaspard, Fr. physician ; 1550—1630* D.E.U. 

Bachov von Edit, Johann Friederich, Baron, German 
diplomatist and author ; 1043 — 1726 G.R. 

Bachov von Ecllt, Ludwig Heinrich, German diplo- 
matist and poet ; h. 1725 g.e. 

Bachov von Echt, Keinhard, Germ an jurist and author ; 
1544 — 1614 c.D.G.^.p. 

Bachov von Echt, Reinhard, German professor of law 
and politics at Heidelberg ; 1575 — 1640' C.G.r/.p.E. 

Bachschmidt, Anton, German virtuoso and composer ; 
1709—1780 D.K.E. 

Bachstrom, Johann-Friederich, German theologian, 
physician, and philosophical writer ; 1717 d.q.e. 

Baciarelli, Marcelo, Italian painter ; 1731 — 1818 u. 

Baciccio, Giovanni-Battista \Gaulli), Italian painter ; 
1639—1709 c.D.T.u. 

Bacilly, Benigne de, French priest and music writer ; 



h. 1625* 



D.K. 



Baclo, Henri, French Jesuit and rhetorician ; 1609 — 
1681 D.E. 

Baciocchi. See BaccioccM. 
Baciochi, Giovanni Dumeuico, Ital. surgeon; 1745 D.Q. 



Baciochi, Giovanni Tommaso, Italian monk and poet ; 

1668—1723 _ D.Q. 

Back, or Eaeck, Abraham, physician to the king of 

Sweden, and naturalist ; 1713—1795 e.U. 

Back, Sir George, English Arctic navigator ; h. 1796 M. 
Back, Jacob van, Dutch physician and medical writer; 

17th cent. D.E. 

Backtousch, Joachim Gerai-d, German poet ; 1630 D.Q. 
Backer, Adrian, Dutch historical and portrait painter ; 

1643—1686 B.D.N.u. 

Backer, Franz von, Dutch painter ; 1720 d.n. 

Backer, George, English phys. and writer ; 1750 D. u. 
Backer, Georges de, Flemish bookseller and author ; 

1693 D.E.U. 

Backer, Jakob van, Dutch historical painter ; 1608 — 

1664 B.c.N.p.u. 

Backer, Jakob [Jacopo da Palermo), Dutch painter ; 

1530— 15G0 D.N. 

Backer, Johann von, German ecclesiastic and martyr ; 

1498—1525 E. 

Backer, Nicolas de, Flemish painter in England ; 

1648—1689 B. 

Backer, Peter, Prussian sculptor ; 17th cent. d.n. 
Backereel, Gilles, Dutch painter, contemporary of 

Keubens b.e. 

Backereel, Willem, Dutch landscape and marine 

painter ; 16th cent. b.n.e. 

Backhausen, Wandelin, German military writer ; 

1614—1067 D.Q 

Backhouse, Nicholas, sheriff of London ; 1577 d. 
Backhouse, Yv'ill., Eng. alchemist ; 1593—1662 c.o.E. 
Backhusen, Johann Martin, Germ, author; 1727 D.Q. 
Backhuysen, Ludolf , Dutch marine painter ; 1631— 

1709 B.C.N.U. 

Backhuysen, Ludolf, Dutch marine painter ; 1717 — 

1782 B.D.N. 

Backofen, J. G. Heimich, German music composer ; 

1768—1840 D.K. 

Backri, French philanthropist ; d. 1815 d. 

Backus, Azel, American president of Hamilton Col- 
lege ; 1765*— 1816 A.e.K. 
Backus, Charles, American divine ; 1749 — 1803 A.E. 
Backus, Isaac, American Baptist minister and author ; 

1724—1800 A.a.c.E. 

Bacler d'Albe, Louis Albert Ghislain, French artist, 

engineer, and geographer ; 1761—1824 B.D.U. 

Bacmeister, Hartmann-Louis-Cliristian, director of 

the Germ, college at St Petersburg ; 1736 — 1806 P. U. 
Bacmeister, Heinrich, German advocate, doctor of 

law ; d. 1629 E. 

Bacmeister, Heinrich [the Younger), German doctor of 

civil law and author ; 6. 1618 e. 

Bacmeister, Johannes, doctor and professor of medi- 
cine at Kostock ; 1563 — 1631 e. 
Bacmeister, Johannes, German professor of medicine 

and physician ; 1680 — 1750 D.q.'R. 

Bacmeister, Liicas, German Lutheran divine and 

author; 1530—1608 e. 

Bacmeister, Lucas, German theologian and author ; 

1570—1638 E. 

Bacmeister, Lucas, Germ, theologian ; 1605 — 1679 e. 
Bacmeister, Mattha^us, professor of medicine, court 

phys. at Liineburg, and writer ; 1.580 — 1626 D.E. 
Bacmeister, Sebastien, German ecclesiastical writer ; 

1646—1704 E. 

Baco de la Chapelle, French magistrate ; d. 1801 D.u. 
Baco, Jean Baptiste, French advocate and dramatic 

author ; 1756 d.q. 

Bacon, Lady Anne, daughter of Sir Anthony Cooke, 

and mother of Sir Francis Bacon ; h. 1528 c.D.W. 
Bacon, Anthony, English politician ; d. 1601 q. 

Bacon, Francis, Lord Verulam, Viscount St Albans, 

Eng. lord chancellor (1618) ; 1561-1626 C./.ii.u.w. 
Bacon, Francis, English justice of the King's Bench, 

1642 ; d. 1657 /. 

Bacon, Henry, American author ; 6. 1813 a. 

Bacon, James, sheriff of London ; 1568 d. 



BAG 



83 



BAD 



Bacon, John, English sculptor ; 1740—1799 g.li.V. 

Bacon, John, English judge ; 1313 /. 

Bacon, John, American divine, politician, and magis- 
trate ; d. 1820 A.R. 

Bacon, Leonard, American author ; b. 1802 a. 

Bacon, INIatthew, English law writer ; 18th cent. W. 

Bacon, Sir Nathaniel, second sou of the lord-keeper 
Bacon, and sheriff of ISTorfolk ; 6. 1546 c.R.w. 

Bacon, Sir Nathaniel, English landscape painter ; d. 
1G15 B.C.D.K. 

Bacon, Nathaniel, son of Edward Bacon of Shirland, 
member of the Long Parliament ; d. 16(30 E. 

Bacon, Nathaniel, Virginian general and rebel ; d. 
1676 A.c.B. 

Bacon, Sir Nicholas, English lawyer, statesman, and 
lord-keeper; 1510 — 1579 C./.p.R.W. 

Bacon, Phanuel, English ecclesiastic and miscella- 
neous writer ; 1700—1783 c.ff.R.yv. 

Bacon, Philemon, English naval captain ; d. 1606 K. 

Bacon, Eobert, English Dominican preacher and 
writer; 1168*— 1248 c.D.E.u.w. 

Bacon, Roger, English Franciscan monk, philoso- 
pher, experimentalist, and scientific writer ; 1214 — 
1292^' C.D.R.U.W. 

Bacon, Samuel, American political agent and divine; 
d. 1820 . A.D.R. 

Bacon, Thomas, English judge, 1329 ; d. aft. 1359 /. 

Bacon, Thomas, master of Gonville Hall, Cambridge ; 
d. 1558 or 9 q. 

Bacon, Thomas, American Episcopal divine and author; 
d. 1768 A.R. 

Bacon, William, sheriff of London ; 1480 d. 

Baoon-Tacon, Pierre-Jean Jacques, Frencli archfe- 
ologist and antiquary ; 1738 — 1817 D.u. 

Baconthorp, John, provincial of the Carmelites in 
England ; d. 1346 C.R.w. 

Bacot, Paul, Frederic, and David, French cloth 
manufacturers ; Jf. 1840 F. 

Bacot de la Bret'onniere, Francois, French physi- 
cian ; 6. 1670 D.Q. 

Bacot de Romans, Claude Rene, Baron, French politi- 
cal writer ; b. 1780 . , D. 

Bacoue, Leon, French Latin poet, bishop of Pamiers ; 
1608—1694 C.D..9.P.U. 

Bacquerre, Benedict, German theologian and author ; 
1670 Q.u. 

BacQiuet, Jean, French jurist and author ; d. 1597 c.D.u. 

Bacqxioz, Jean, French engraver ; 1730 B. 

Bacquoy, Blaurice, French engraver ; 1720 B. 

Bacquoy, Pierre Charles, French engraver ; 1760 B. 

Bacrevantatzy, David, Armenian theologian ; d. 
687* D.U. 

Bacuet, Saul, French professor of philosophy at 
Geneva ; 1654 D.u. 

Baczko, or Glodzlaus, Polish chronicler and custos of 
the library at Posen ; 1265 Q.E. 

Bada, Josef, Spanish architect ; 1719*— 1756 D.R. 

Badajoz, Juan de. Span, architect, 1512; d. aft. 1545 R. 

Badakhsiii, Mevlana, of Samarcaud, Persian poet ; 
lOtli cent. D.R. 

Badalini, Giovanni Battista, Ital. theol. ; 1730 d.i.q. 

Badalocchio, or Rosa Sisto, Italian painter and en- 
graver; 1581 — 1647 B.R.u. 

BadaluccM, Ange, Italian comic author; 1600 d.i.q. 

BadaluccM, Scipione, Italian philologer ; 1570 D.Q. 

Badani, Giorgio, Italian physician ; 1560 D.Q. 

Badaracco, Giovanni Ratfaelle, Genoese painter ; 
1648—1726 B.R.T. 

Badaracco, Giuseppe {Tl Sordo), Genoese painter ; 
1588*— 1657 B.T. 

Badaro, Giovanni, Italian physician, botanist, and 
writer; 1793 — 1831 E.u. 

Badby, John, English martyr ; d. 1409 K. 

Badcock, John, English prior of Barnwell ; d. 1562 q. 

Badcock, Richard, Eng. botanist and writer ; 1746 D. 

Badcock, Samuel, English ecclesiastic and critic ; 
174^—1788 C.B.W. 



Baddam, English scholar and writer ; 1740 D.Q. 

Badder, Louis von, Dutch painter ; 16th cent. d.n. 
Badderley, Robert, English comedian ; 1733—1794 R. 
Badderley, Sophia, English actress; 1745—1801 E. 
Badellorn.Sigismond, German theol. ; 1585- 1620 D.Q. 
Ea.den. Bernard L (the Long), margrave of ; 1372— 

1431 D.L.U. 

Baden, Carl I., margrave of ; d. 1475 d!l!u! 

Baden, Carl - Friedrich, grand - duke of ; 1728— 

1811 D L U 

Baden, Carl-Ludvig-Friedrich; 1786—1818 d'lu' 
Baden, Carl-Wilhelm of ; 1709—1738 l.u. 

Baden, Christoph, margrave of ; 1453—1527 D.L.U. 
Baden, Christoph, margrave of ; d. 1575 l.u. 

Baden, Edward-Fortune, margi-ave of ; d. ICOO l.u. 
Baden, Ferdinand - Maximilian, margi-ave of ; d 
1669 'lu. 

Baden, Friederich V.oi; d. 1659 l u 

Baden, Friederich VI. of ; d. 1677 l.u. 

Baden, Friederich (Marinus) of ; 1677—1709 l.u. 

Baden, Gustav Louis, Danish jur. and writer ; 1764 D. 
Baden, Hermann I., margrave of; d. 1074 d.l.h. 
Baden, Hermann IL ; d. 1130 d.l.r. 

Baden, Hermann III. ; d. 1160 D.L.E, 

Baden, Hermann IV. ; d. 1190 d.l.e 

Baden, Hermann V. (the Pioiis) ; d. 1243 d.l.k. 

Baden, Hermann VL ; d. 1250 D.L.R. 

Baden, Jacob I., margrave of ; 1407—1453 d.l.e. 

Baden, James, Danish litterateur and critic ; 1735 — 

1804 D.L.U. 

Baden, Lauridsde, Danish theologian ; 1616—1689 D. 
Baden, Liidwig-Georg, margrave of; d. 1771 ^.u. 
Baden, Ludwig - Wilhelm - August, gi-and-duke of; 

1763—1830 D.L.U. 

Baden, Philibert, margrave of; d. 1569 l.u. 

Baden, Rudolph I., margrave of ; d. 1288 L.u. 

Baden, Rich., founder of Clare Hall, Cambridge ; 1326 
Baden, Sophie Louise Ch., Danish moralist ; b. 1740 D. 
Baden, Torkell, Danish philologer and author ; 1668— 

1732 D.Q.u. 

Baden, Torkell, Danish philologer and author ; 1765— 

1804 D.Q.U. 

Baden Baden, Bernard, margrave of ; 1527—1537 L.u. 

Baden Baden, Ludwig- Wilhelm, margrave of ; 1655— 

1707 d.l.e. 

Baden Baden, Tfilhelm I., margrave of; 1593— 

1677 D.L.E. 

Baden Durlach, Ernest, margi-ave of ; 1527—1553 L.u. 
Baden Durlach, Carl II. , margrave of ; 1553-55 L.u. 
Baden Durlach, Georg- Friederich I. ; 1573—1638 D.L.U. 
Badenhaupt, Hermann, Norwegian music composer ; 

1660 D.K. 

Badenius, Andre, German theologian and author ; d. 

1667 D.Q. 

Badenius, Christian, German theologian and writer ; 

1710 D.Q. 

Badenius, Godefroi Christian, Germ, theol. ; 1700 D.Q. 
Badens, Fran9ois (the Italian), Flemish painter ; 

1571—1603 B.N.u. 

Badens, Johannes, Flemisli portrait painter ; 1576 — 

1603 B.N.U. 

Badeo, Reginald, Germ. Dominican author; 1644 d.q. 

Bader, Carl, Benedictine author; 1700 D.Q. 

Bader, Ernst, Latin poet ; 1700 d.q. 

Bader, Matthias, German philologer ; 17th cent. d.q. 

Baderna, Bartolomeo, Italian painter ; 1680 t. 

Badesi, Geronimo, Italian poet ; 1580 D.LQ. 

Badessa, Paolo, Italian poet ; 1550 d.u. 

Badeto, Arnaud, Fr. Dominican theol. ; 1500 D.P.Q. 

Badetto, Vicento Maria, Italian Dominican historian ; 
1655 15.Q. 

Badew, Richard, founder of University Hall, Cam- 
bridge; 1326 C-K-W. 

Badger, Joseph, soldier of the American revolution ; 



1759—1846 



A.C. 



Badger, Stephen, American divine, and missionary to 
the Indians ; 1725-1803 a.e. 



BAD 



84 



BAE 



Badger, William, governor of New Hampshire; 1779— 

1852 A. 

Eadi, Paolo Emilio, Italian litterateur ; 1680 D.i. 
Badi-El-Zemaun, king of Khorasau ; d. 1517 K.U. 
Badi Ezzanian, Abulf azlalmied Ben Hossein Al Hama- 

dani, Arabian poet ; d. 1007 K. 

Badia, Carlo Agostino, Ital. music composer; 1700 K.K. 
Badia, Carlo-Francesco, Italian preacher and author ; 

1675—1751 _ . i.R. 

Badia, Giuseppe Antonio, Italian physician and writer ; 

1725 D.Q. 

Badia, Tommaso, Italian cai-dinal ; 1483 ' — 1547 K. 
Badia y Leblicii. See All Bey. 
Badiali, Alessandro, Italian painter and engraver; 

d. 1620 B.u. 

Eadiala, Giacomo, Italian dramatist ; 1090 d.i.q. 
Eadiche, Marie Leandre, Preucli ecclesiastic and 

writer; 1850 F. 

Badie, Louis Augustin de la, Fr. gen. ; 1696—1765 T>. 
Badier, Jean Etienne, French Benedictine theologian 

and author ; 1650—1719 U.Q. 

Badile, Antonio, Veronese painter; 1480—1560 B.D.T. 
Badilio, Valerio, Italian physician ; 1606 D. 

Badily, English naval commauder ; 1652 E. 

Badin, Martin, English translator ; 1705 D.Q. 

Badino, Luigo Dunato, Jesuit ecclesiastic and rheto- 
rician ; 1675—1749 H. 
Badinus, or Badino, Luigi Domenico, Italian poet and 

musician; 1675 — 1742 U.I. 

Badis, Abou-Menad, third prince of the dynasty of 

the Zeirides ; d. 1016 . K. 

Badius, Conrad, French translator, scholar, and 

lirinter; 1510— 1568 D.U.w. 

Badius, Jodocus or Josse, Flemish scholar, poet, and 

printer at Paris ; 1460— 1535 c.D.f/.P.U. 

Badius, Eaph, Italian theologian ; 17th cent. D. 

Badius, Sebastiauo, Italian physician ; 17th cent. D.Q. 
Badlam, Stephen, American brigadier -general and 

magistrate ; d. 1815 a.e. 

Bado, Jean, Hungarian poet ; 17th cent. D.y. 

Badoaro, Bonaventura, Italian cardinal and ambassa- 
dor ; 1332—1388 E. 
Badoaro, Daniele, Venetian senator ; d. 1584 c.P.E.AV. 
Badoaro, Federico, Venetian noble, statesman, and 

litterateur; 1518—1595 K.u. 

Badoaro, Giacomo, Venetian noble and dramatic 

poet ; 1640 i.U. 

Badoaro, Giovanni, Italian theologian ; d. 1714 d.i.q. 
Badoaro, Lauro, Venetian noble, poet, and bishop of 

Alba; 1546—1593 i.e. 

Badoaro, Pietro, Venetian advocate ; d. 1591 E. 

Badoero, Camillo, Itahan poet ; 1662 D.I.Q. 

Badoero, Pietro, doge of Venice ; 939—942 D.U. 

BadolatO, P. D. Silvio {Scijjionc), Italian Carthusian 

scholar, author, and commentator ; 1510"-^1587 E. 
Badolet, Jean, Swiss ecclesiastic of the Keformed 

Church; 1655 E.U. 

Badolocchi, Sisto, Italian painter ; li. 1581 C. 

Badon, Edmond, French novelist and dramatic au- 
thor ; d. 1849 D. 
Badon, French representative ; h. 1793 F. 
Badou, Jean Baptiste, Fr. ecclesiastic ; d. 1727 E.U. 
Badoureau, J. F., French engraver ; 1819 d.n. 
BadouviUe, Piene, aide-de-camp of Pichegru ; 1760 — 

1811 E.U. 

Badoux, Robert de, of Brussels, marine painter ; 1628 B. 

BadresM, Abraham, Jewish author and poet; 13th 
cent. D.R. 

Baduarius, Bonsemblantes, Italian theol. ; d. 1309 D. 

Baduel, Claude, French Protestant divine and littera- 
teur ; d. 1561 C.D.f/.u.w. 

Baduero, Angelo, Venetian senator ; 1607 D.F. 

Baduero, Arsus, doge of Venice ; d. 881 d. 

Baduero, Ar.sus, doge of Venice ; 912 d. 

Baduero, Luigi, Italian diplomatist D. 

Badulf, bishop of AVhithern ; 791 d.l. 

Baduratus, bishop of Paderborn ; 815—859 R. 



Baduzade, bishop of Paderborn ; 815-863 D. 

Bsebius, Aulus, Roman senator ; B.C. 167 D. 

Bsebius, Caius, Roman trib. of the jilebs; B.C. 80 D. 

Baetoius, Caius, Roman general ; B.C. 60 D. 

BffiMus, Lucius, Roman dijilomatist ; B.C. 220 D. 

Beebius, Marcus, Roman diplomatist ; B.C. 186 D. 

Bsebius, Quintus, Roman trib. of the plebs; B.C. 200 D. 

Baeck, Abraham, Swedish physician, naturalist, and 
author; 1713—1795 D.u. 

Baeck,Joachim,Fr. theol. and writer; 1562—1019 d.p. 

Baeck, Johann Georg, of Augsbourg, engraver ; 1700 B. 

Bsecker, Casimir, Prussian harpist ; 6. 1790" D.K. 

Baecker, Louis, French archreologist ; 1850 F. 

Baeher, , Swiss theologian ; 1486—1568 D.P. 

Baelir, or Beer, Johann, German ecclesiastic, sacred 
musician, and singer; 1652 — 1700 D.K.E. 

Baelir, Joliann-Christian-Felix, German philologist 
and classical scholar ; 6. 1798 D.M. 

Baehrens, Johann Christian Friederich, German phy- 
sician and medical writer ; b. 1765 K. 

Baehrens, J. E. F., Fr. agric. writer; 1700-1830 D.Q. 

Back, Abraham, Swedish physician ; 1713—1795 E.U. 

Baelholz, Daniel, German poet ; d. 1688 D.Q.u. 

Baeli, Francesco, Sicilian historian and poet ; 1639 — 
1710 C.P.R.U.W. 

Baena, Antonio Ladislau Monteiro, Portuguese his- 
torian and geographer ; d. 1851* D. 

Baener, Johann Alexander, German engi-aver ; 1670 B. 

Baeng', Christian Etienne, Danish geog.; 1650 D.Q. 

Baengius, Petrus, Swedish historian, bishop of Wi- 
bord ; 1633—1696 C.d.p.U.W. 

Baens, Robert, Englisli divine ; 16th cent. D.Q. 

Baentscli, Ludv/ig Gustavus, CTerman courtier ; 1774 — 
1830 R. 

Baer, Benjamin von, the first German Protestant 
bishop ; 1701 E. 

Baer, Charles Ernest de, Russian naturalist and 
writer ; b. 1792 D.F. 

Baer, Frederic Charles, French theologian, author, 
and scholar ; 1719 — 1797 D.U. 

Baer, Ludwig, German doctor of divinity, and rector 
of the university at Basle ; 1490" — 1554 E. 

Baer, Nicholas, German poet ; 1639—1714 D.Q. 

Baerebiste, king of the Daciaus ; 1st cent. B.C. E.u. 

Baerens, Johan Hendrik, Swedish administrator and 
philanthropist; 1761 — 1813 G.E. 

Baerensprung, Sigismond, German theologian and 
author ; d. 1738 D.Q. 

Baerholz, Baruholz Daniel, German common council- 
lor and writer ; 1688 E.U. 

Baerholz, Daniel, German minor poet ; d. 1688 E.u. 

Baerle, Gaspard van {Bar la us), Latin poet, professor 
of philosophy at Leyden and Amsterdam ; 1584 — 
1648 D.u. 

Baerle, Melchoir von, Dutch litterateur; 1562 d.u. 

Baermann, Georg Fried rich, j)rofessor of mathema- 
tics, "Wittenberg ; d. 1769 Q.E.U. 

Baermann, Heinrich, German mus. ; 1784—1840 d.k. 

Baermann, Karl, German musician ; 1825 d.k. 

Baersdorp, Komelius van, Dutch physician, couiisel- 
lor, and chamberlain to Charles V. ; (/. 1565 p.e.u. 

Baersdorp, Blarmus Kornelius, Dutch priest and hos- 
pital director ; 1520 P.E. 

Baersius, Henri, Fr. printer and mathem. ; 1528 D.p. 

Baersius, or Vekenstil, Hendrik, Flemish printer and 
mathematician; 1530 C.D.E.W. 

Baerstraet, Jan, Dutch painter ; d. 1687 B. 

Baert, Baron Alexander Balthazar Frangois de Paul de, 
French liberal politician, geographer, and author ; 
1750—1825 E.U. 

Baert, or Baertius, Francois, Flemish Jesuit and 
author ; 1651— 1719 D.E. 

Baert, Philijipe, Belgian genealogist and writer on 
heraldry; 1770 D.E. 

Baert. See Baart. 

Baertling, Pierre Conrad, German theologian and 
writer; 1680—1734 D.Q. 



EAE 



85 



BAG 



Baerwald, Frederic Henri, writer upou musical in- 
struments ri. li- 
Baessler, Joliann Leonhard, rector of the Lycevxm in 
Memraingen; 1745—1811 K. 
Baesten, Maria, Flemish paintress ; 1784 b. 
Bseton, Greek geometrician ; B.C. oM 

Baeumler, Marius, of Zurich, philologer and theolo- 

• gical writer ; 1555 — IGIO G.K. 

Baex, Joachim, Dutch eccles. writ. ; 1562 — 1019 i). 

Baeza, Baklassare, Span, theol. and writ.; d. 1(]38 D.E. 

Baeza, Diego de, Spanish theologian and pireaeher; 
1582-1(347 D;U. 

Baeza, Gaspar de, Spanish jurist and translator ; IGtli 
cent. D.E. P. 

Bafarull, Tomas, Spanish Dominican theologian ; 17th 
cent. I"- E. 

BafFa, or Baffi, Francesco, Italian poetess ; 1545 i.R. 

Baffa, Nicola, Italian hellenist ; d. 1799 D.E. 

Baffl, Bartolomeo, Italian theologian and writer ; d. 
1578^' B.I. 

Baffi, Giambattista, Ital. phys. and poet ; d. 159G D.Q. 

Baffi, Pasquale, Greek scholar and translator ; 1749— 
1799 E. 

Baffin, William, English navigator ; 1584— 1G22 E.u. 

Baffo, Venetian lady, sultana asechi of Amurat III. ; 
d. aft. 1G03 ^ D.it.u. 

Baffo, Geo. , Venetian nobleman and poet ; r/.'17G8 u.u. 

Baffus, or Baffo, LucuUo, Italian physician, philoso- 
pher, and poet; d. 1634 D.V. 

Bafor, Balthasar de, counsellor of state to the emper- 
ors Eodolph, Mathias, and Ferdinand : (/. 1C20 D.E. 

BagS8US, Persian lord and diplomatist ; Gth cent. D. 

Bagseus, Persian general ; 4th cent. B.C.. B. 

Bagard, Cesar, French sculptor; 1639-1709 E.u. 

Bagard, Charles, French physician and author ; 169G— 
1772 C.R.W. 

Bagard, Dom Henri, French Benedictine author; cL 
1709 D. 

Bagard, Toussaint, French sculptor; d. 1712 D.x. 

Bagard, or Baggard, Thomas, chancellor and canon 
of the diocese of Worcester ; 1532 E. 

Eagarotti, o?- Bagarottus, Ital. jurist ; 120G d.i.k. 

Bagarris, Pierre Antoine Pascas, Sieur de, French 
antiquary- and author ; 1608 D.U. 

Bagatella, Antonio, Italian music writer; 1780 D.K. 

Bagatti, Fiancesco, Italian sacred, musician and com- 
j)oser ; 1650 D.E. 

Bagazoti, Camillo, Italian painter d.t. 

Bagdad-Khatoon, Mogul princess ; d. 13.35 e. 

Bagdeddin, Mohammed, Arabian mathematician ; 
10th cent.* c.p.li.U.w. 

Bage, Robert, English novelist ; 1728-1801 c.r/.K. 

Bagelaar, Ernest Guillaume Jean, designer and en- 
graver ; 1798 D.N. 

Bagellardus, Paolo, Italian professor of philosophy 
and medicine at Padua ; d. 1494 V. 

Bagenal, Beauchamp, Irish duellist ; 1741—1801 D.ii. 

Bagereaii, Nicolas, Fr. jurist and author ; IGl.") D.P. 

Baget, Henri Jean, French surgeon, anatomist, and 
medical author ; 1730 D.K. 

Baget, Jean, Chevalier de, Fr. gen. ; 1743—1821 D. 

Baget, Jules, French litterateur ; b. 1815*' F. 

Bagetti, Giuseppe Pietro, Italian landscape painter ; 
1764—1831 D.E. 

Bagford, John, English antiquary and bibliographer ; 
1657—1716 c.R.w. 

Baggaert, Johannes, Flemish phys. ; 1677—1710 E.u. 

Baggallay, Richard, Eng. barrister and M.P.; b. 181(5 

Bagge, Charles, Eng. magistrate and M.P.; b. 1810 

Bagge, Carl Ernst, Baron von, chamberlain to the 
king of Pr'issia, and eccentric amateur musician and 
composer; d. 1791 K.K. 

Bagge, Jacques, Swedish admiral ; 1499-1568* D.K. 

Bagger, Christianus, Danish mathematician, professor 
of law and logic ; 1(592—1741 E. 

Bagger, Johannes, Danish theologian, bishop of 
Copenhagen; 1646—1693 CD.P.E.u.w. 



Baggesen, Jens or Zens, Danish poet ; 17G4— 1826 d.r, 
Baggowotli, Russian general ; d. 1812 E.u. 

Baggs, Cha. Mich., Eng. Roman Cath. bp.; d. 1845 ' 
BagMsian, Turkish emir, gov. of Aleppo ; d. 1098 E. 
Bagieu, James, Fr. surg. and med. author ; 1750 D.E. 
Baglione, Ces., Bologuese ptr. ; 1525— 1590" b.d.t.u. 
Baglione, Clone, ItaUan poet ; 13th cent. K. 

Baglioni, Astorre, Italian military commander and 

poet; d. 1571 d.e. 

Baglioni, Baglione, Italian jurist and orss-tor, podesta 

of Florence ; 1482 i.p. 

Baglioni, Camillo, Italian jurist ; d. 1534 I.e. 

Baglioni, Domenico, Italian poet ; d. 156S D.U. 

Baglioni, Giovanni, Ital. painter ; 1575—1650 B.C.D.E. 
Baglioni, Giovanni-Paolo, Italian condottiere, tyrant 

of Perugia ; d. 1520 d.E. 

Baglioni, LcHo, Florentine theologian aiul Vv riter ; d. 

1620 D.i.u. 

Baglioni, Lucas, Italian preacher; 1-560 D.U. 

Baglioni, Luigi, ItaL violinist and conip. ; 17C0 D.I.K. 
Baglioni, Pietro, Italitm jurist; 1450 i.e. 

Baglioni, Tomniaso, Italian printer ; 16C9 D.U. 

BagliottO, Giuseppe Blaria, Italian theologian and 

writer; 1687 D.Q. 

Baglivi, Giorgio, Italian physician and professor of 

anatomy at Rome ; 1669—1707 C.D.E.W. 

Bagnacavallo, Bartolomeo Ramenghi, Italian painter ; 

14SG— 1542 B.D. 

Bagnacavallo, Bartolomeo {the Younger), painter of 

the Bolognese school ; IGCO D. 

Bagnacavallo, Giovanni Battista, Ital. ptr. ; 1575 B. 
Bagnacavallo, Giuseppe Slai-ia, Italian Capuchin bio- 
grapher ; d. 1742 D.I. 
Bagnacavallo, Scipio, Italian painter ; 1 7th cent. D. 
Bagnadore, Pietro Maria, painter of the Venetian 

school; 1.594— IGll" D.T. 

Bagnagatti, or Belacato, Calimerio, Italian jurist 

and jTOet ; 16th cent. I.E. 

Bagnai, Don Pietro da, Italian painter ; 16th cent. T. 
Bagnaja, Don Pietro, Italian painter; IGth cent. D.N. 
Bagnall, Charles, English politician ; b. 1827 
Bagnara, Don Pietro da, painter of the Roman school ; 

1550 D.i. 

Bagnasco, or Bagnasacco, Antonio, Italian jurist and 

doctor of laws D.I.E. 

Bagnati, Simone, Italian Jesuit, preacher, and littera- 
teur; 1651—1717 D.I.U. 
Bagnatore.Piermaria, Italian painter; 16th cent. T. 
Bagni, Biagio, Italian theologian and writ.; 1610 D.I. 
Bagno, Pannuccio del, Italian poet ; 1340 E. 
Bagnol, Gibbon, prebendary of Hereford and author ; 

1718-1800 W. 

Bagnoli, Giovanni Francesco, Florentine painter ; 

1678-1713 D.P.T.U. 

Bagnoli,' Giulio-Cesare, Italian dramatic poet ; d. 

1630* c.D.P.U.w. 

Bagnoli, Vincenzio, Italian scidptor ; 16th cent. D. 
Bagnoli, Pietro, Italian scholar and author; 1580 D.I. 
Bagnolino, Giovanni Maria {Ccrva), painter of the 

Buloguese school ; 1650 _D. 

Bagnolo, Giovanni Francesco Giuseppe, Count, Italian 

jurist and mathematician ; 1709 — 1760 I.E. 

Bagnuolo, Count, Neapolitan general; 16th cent. D. 
Bagoas, Carus, favourite of Herod the Great D. 

Bagoas, Egyptian eunuch, commander of the army of 

Artaxerxes III. ; B. c. 335 ^ ^• 

Bagoas, eunuch, favourite of Alexander the Great ; 

B.C. 330 , i-.n'''^* 

Bagolino, Geronimo, Ital. phys. and philos. ; lo4U E. 
Bagolino, Giambattista, Italian physician, Greek and 
Latin scholar ; IGth cent. ^.R. 

Bagolino, Sebastiano, Italian painter, poet, and musi- 
cian ; 1560 -1G04 «-U- 
Bagophanes, Babylonian general ; 4th cent. B.C. D. 
BagOt, Dr, bishop of Bath and Wells ; 1783— lSo4 
Bagot, Sir Charles, governor-general of Canada, 1842 ; 
b. 1781, d. 1843 



BAG 



86 



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BagOt, Jean, French Jesuit ; 1580— lGii4 v. R. u. 

Bagot, Le^^'is, bishop of Bristol 1782, Norwich 1783, 
St Asaph 1790 ; b. 1740, d. 1802 _ c.D.d.l.v. 

Bagot, IST., Swiss physician and legislator ; 1791 D.U. 
Bagot, Eichard, English courtier ; d. 1596 or 7 q- 

Bagot, Eichard, bishop of Oxford 1829, Bath 1845 ; 
6. 1782, d. 1854 d.l. 

Bagot, William Bagot, English peer ; b. 1811 F. 

Bagratides, the name of a uoble family in Armenia, 

of Jewish extraction 

Bagration, Peter Ivanovitch, Pi-ince, Russian senator 

and general; 1765—1812 R.U. 

Bagriansky, Blikhael Ivanovitch, Eussian physician 

and secretary to the medico-chirurgical dexjartmeut 

of the Moscow Academy ; 1760—1810 K. 

Bagsac, Danish king ; d. 871 

Bagshaw, Clirist,, Eng. Catholic theol. ; d. 1525 D.u. 
Bagshaw, Edward, English lawyer and political 
•writer; 1604—1662 C.o.Q.K.w. 

Bagshaw, Edward (the Younr/er), English divine and 
political writer ; 1629*— 1671 c.D.o.R. 

Bagshaw, Henry, English divine ; 1632—1709 C.E.w. 
Bagshaw, John, Englisli financier ; b. 1784 F. 

Bagshaw, William, English Nonconformist divine ; 
1628—1702 c.R.w. 

Bagutti, Pietro Martire, Italian sculp. ; 18th cent. D. 
Bagwell, John, English magistrate and M.P.; b. 1811 
Bagwell, William, English mathematician and astro- 
nomer ; 17th cent. E. 
Bahabul, buffoon to Haroun-al-Easchid D. 
Balia - Ed - Doulah, Abu-Nasr Firouz-Shah, Persian 
prince of the Bouiyan dynasty ; d. 1012 E. 
Bahadur Imam-Koiili Khan, ruler of Bokhari and 
Transoxiana ; d. 1642 R. 
Bahadur Khan, or Atou-Said, Persian khan of the 
Hulaku race ; 1305-1335 R. 
Bahadur Khan Farukhi, last sovereign of the dynasty 
in Kandeish ; 1596 R- 
Bahadur - Kherai - Khan, ruler of Krim Tartary ; 
d. 1641 R. 
Bahadur Nizam Shah, ninth sovereign of the dynasty 
calledNizam-Shahy; 1.598 ' R. 
Bahadur Shah, Sultan Mohammed Muazen, or Shah- 
Alim, emperor of India ; d. 1712 E. 
Bahadur Shah, tenth sovereign of the dynasty of 
Moslem kings in Guzerat ; d. 1536 R. 
Bahali, Arabian grammarian ; d. 842 U. 
Bahamonde, Spanish writer ; 1620 T>. 
Baharal-Xefdh, Abou-Othmau-ben-Amrou, Arabian 
author ; (/. 868 U. 
Bahdin Mehemet Gehet Ameh, Persian doctor ; 17th 
cent. D. 
Bahier, Johannes, Latin jioet and Oratorian ; d. 
1707 c.p.u.w. 
Bahil, Matthias. Hungarian Protestant ecclesiastic 
and mai-tyr ; 1745 D.Q.B. 
Bahn, Clnistian August, German theologian and mis- 
cellaneous writer ; 17U3— 1755 D.Q. 
Bahn, Hierouynius, German divine and writer ; d. 
1744 D.Q. 
Bahn, Nicolas, German theologian and writer; 1664 — 
1704 D.Q. 
Bahnsen, Benedict, German mystic divine and 
writer ; 1620 D.Q. 
Bahr, Josejili Friederich, German theologian and 
writer; 1713—1775 Q. 
Bahr, Thomas, German theologian ; 1630 D.Q. 
Bahram I., o?- Varaies, king of Persia ; d. 277 d.r.u. 
Bahram II., 277 ; d. 294 d.e.u. 
Bahram III. ; 294 d.e.u. 
Bahram IV. (Kcrman Shah), 390 ; d. 401 d.e.u. 
Bahram V. {Gour) ; d. 442 d.r.u. 
Bahram (Tdtoubcen), Persian general; d. 591 R.u. 
Bahram Gudurz, Persian monarch of the Ashkanian 
dynasty R. 
Bahram Shah, twelfth sultan of the Ghaznevide dyn- 
asty in Cabul and the Punjab ; d. 1151 E. 



Bahram, the name of several of the Sassanide mon- 
archs of Persia, called by the Eoman and Greek 
historians Varanes, and Vararanes 
Bahrdt, Karl-Friederich, German Protestant theolo- 
gian acd author ; 1741-1792 C.G.E.w. 
Bahren, Philippe van, Dutch painter ; 17tli cent. D.N. 
Bahusen-Benedict, Dutch arithmetician ; d. 1669 E. 
Bai, or Bais, Tommaso, Italian singer and composer ; 
d. 1714 D.K. 
Baiadur, Abulghazi Khan, Tartar hist.; 17th cent. E. 
Baian, khan of the Avars ; 587 

Baianus-Andreas [Baiaon), Indian writer and priest ; 
17th cent. D.E. 

Baiardi, or Baiardo, Andrea, Italian poet ; 1500 i.e. 
Baiardi, Ottavio Antonio, Italian ecclesiastic and an- 
tiquary; I690*-1760* I.E. 
Baiardo, Giambattista, Genoese painter ; d. 1657 T. 
Baitoey, Louis, English theologian; d. 1632 D.Q. 
Baidel, Nicolas, French theologian; 1630 D.Q. 
Baidhar, or Baissar, king of Egypt d.e. 
Baidhavi-Nassareddin, Abusaid AbdaUah ben Omar, 
author and cadi of Tebriz ; d. 1286 E. 
Baidou-Khan, king of Persia ; d. 1294 d.e. 
Baiel, Hieronymus, German translator ; 1620 D.Q. 
Baier-Ferdinand, Jacob, German physician and au- 
thor; 1707-1788 D.E. 
Baier, Job an n David, German theologian and author ; 
1681—1752 Q.E. 
Baier, Johann Jacob, German physician and natural- 
ist ; 1677—1735 c.D.Q.R.w. 
Baier, Johann Wilhelm, German theologian ; 1647 — 
1695 Q.E.VV. 
Baier, Johann Wilhelm, German professor of mathe- 
matics ; 1675— 1729 D.R. 
Baif, Giovanni Antonio de, Venetian scholar and 
author; 1532—1589 D.I. 
Baif, Lazare de, Fr. dipl. and author; d. »47 D.R. 
Baij, le, P'rench physician ; 1750 D.Q. 
Baikie, Will. Balfour, African explorer ; 1820 — 1864 
Baikov, Theodore, or Phedor Isa Kievitch, Eussian 
ambassador to China ; 16-54 R. 
Bail, Charles- Joseph, French author ; 1 777— 1827 D.R. 
Bail, Louis, Fr. theol. and author; d. 1669 c.D.P.E. 
Baila, H. de, Bolognese doctor ; 1670 E. 
Baila, Joseph, Piedmontese jurist ; 1585- -1645 R. 
Bailay, Nathaniel, English grammarian ; 1736 D.Q. 
Baildon, Joseph, English musician ; 1690 D.K. 
Bailey, Anselm, English theologian and musical au- 
thor ; d. 1794 K.w. 
Bailey, Chrawshay, English politician ; I. 1794 
Bailey, Gamaliel, American journalist ; h. 1807 c. 
Bailey, Henry, English divine ; b. 1840 M. 
Bailey, Jacob Whitman, American chemist and bot- 
anist ; 1811—1857 ' e. 
Bailey, James Eoogevelt, American Catholic prelate ; 
b. 1814 ^ F. 
Bailey, John, master of Cobham College, Kent; 1535 q. 
Bailey, Sir Joseph Eussell, English politician ; h. 1840 
Bailey, Lewis, English preacher ; 1610 u. 
Bailey, Mountjoy, American general ; 1755 — 1836 A. 
Bailey, Nathan, Englisli lexicographer ; d. 1742 c.e.g. 
Bailey, Peter, English poet and journalist ; d. 1823 R. 
Bailey, Philip James, English poet ; b. 1816 M. 
Bailey, Eufus William, American theological writer ; 
b. 1793 _ ^ a. 
Bailey, Theodorus, American naval officer ; b. 1803 e. 
Bailey, Thomas,- English topographer ; 1785 — 1856 
Bailey, or Baley, Walter, English physician and 
writer; 1529-1592 _ R. 
Bailey, Sir William, sheidff of London, 1515 ; lord 
mayor, 1524 d, 
Bailey. See Baily. 

Bailies, William, Eng. pliys. and author in Germany D. 
Baillarger, Jules Gabriel Francois, French physician ; 
&.1806 F. 

Baillart, Edme, French physician ; 16C0 D.Q. 

Bailie, Alexamlcr, engraver ; 1764 B. 



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87 



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Bailies, Jacques Marie Joseph, bishop of Lucon ; 
1798—1822 D.F. 

Baillet, Adrien, French critic and writer ; 1649 — 
1706 C.D.r/.P.E. 

Baillet, Christophe Ernest, Count of, Belgian jurist ; 
1G68— 1732 D. 

Baillet, Jean, French orator ; d. 1651 D. 

BaiUet, Pedro, Fr. Benedictine historian ; h. 1698 (?) D. 

BaiUeul, F. , French engraver ; 1722 B. 

Bailleul, (IJaspard, Fr. engineer andgeog.; 1707 D.Q. 

Bailleul, Jacques-Charles, French magistrate ; 1762 — 
1843 D. 

BaUletQ, Nicolas Louis de, French jurist ; (7. 1714 K. 

Bailleux, Antoine, French composer ; d. 1791 D.K. 

Bailli, Bernard, Gei-m. priest and hellenist ; 1700 D.Q. 

Baillie, Captain, lieutenant-governor of Greenwich 
Hospital ; 1779 

Baillie, Charles, Lord Jerviswoode, Scottish judge; 
I. 1804 M. 

Baillie, Cuthbert, lord high treasurer of Scotland ; 
d. 1514 R. 

Baillie, Edward, Eng. military officer ; 1778—1836 K. 

Baillie, Henry James, English politician ; b. 1804 

Baillie, Johanna, Scottish authoress ; 1762 — 1851 B.Vf. 

Baillie, John, Eng. oriental scholar; 1766 — 1823 D.ii. 

Baillie, John, English director of the East India Com- 
pany ; 1772—1833 E. 

Baillie, Matthew, English iihysician, anatomist, and 
writer ; 1761— 1823 " p.K. 

Baillie, Eobert, Scottish theologian and historian ; 
1599—1662 c.Q.u.w. 

Baillie, William, Irish engraver and military officer ; 
1736* B.R. 

Bailliere, Jenn Baptist Marie, French editor and book- 
seller ; b. 1798 P. 

Baillii, David, Dutch painter; 1584- 1638 B. 

Baillioni, M. Giovanni, Ital. mechanician; 1800 D.K. 

Eaillon, Emmanuel, French naturalist ; d. 1802 E.U. 

Baillot, Etienne Catherine, French advocate and 
author; 1758—1825 E.U. 

Baillot, Pierre, French professor of literature and 
rhetoric ; 1752—1815 R.U. 

Baillot, Pierre Joseph, French mus. writ.; 1770 D.K. 

Baillot, Pierre-Marie-Fran^ois-de-Sales, French violin- 
ist ; 1771—1842 D.K. 

Baillot, Bene -Paul, French pianist ; b. 1813 F. 

Baillou, Guilluume [Ballonius), French physician ; 
1538—1616 c.D.u.w. 

Bailloud, Jean Baptist Charles Joseph, French mili- 
tary officer ; b. 1811 F. 

Baillu, Pierre de, Flemish engraver; 7). 1614 B.R.U. 

Bailly, Alexander, French painter; 1764 D.N. 

Bailly, Antoine, French inspector-general of finance 
and writer ; 1851 . D. 

Bailly, Antoine Denis, Fr. printer ; 1749— ISIG" D.E. 

Bailly, Charles Franjois, French litt.; b. 1800 F. 

Bailly, Dav., Dutch painter and engraver ; b. 1588 N.E. 

BaUly, Ednionde Louis Barthelemy {Bailly de Juilhj), 
French revolutionist and savant ; 1760 — 1819 f.e. 

Bailly, Fraugois, French litterateur ; 1651 D. 

Bailly, George, French general ; 1685-1759 D. 

Bailly, Henri, French music composer; d. 1639 D.K. 

Bailly, Jacques, French painter ; 1701—1768 D.E. 

Bailly, Jean Baptiste, French naturalist ; 1850 F. 

Bailly, Jean Sylvain, French statesman, astronomer, 
and litterateur ; 1736—1793 C.E.U.W. 

Bailly, Joseph, Flemish painter; 1700* d.n. 

Bailly, Joseph, Fr. military surgeon ; 1779—1832 E.U. 

Bailly, Louis, French theologian ; 1730—1808 E.U. 

BaiUy, Pierre, French physician ; 1028 . D.Q. 

Bailly-Briet, Jean Baptiste, French advocate ; 1729— 
1808 D.E. 

Bailly de la Eiviere Roch le {la Bkicre), French 
physician ; d. 1605 B. 

Bailly De Elonthion, Fran9ois-Gedeon, Comte, French 
general ; 1776—1846 D.F. 

Bailon, Pascal, Spanish monk and theol.; d. 1592 D. 



Bails, Benito, Spanish mathematician and writer on 
music; 1730—1797 k.E. 

Baily, or Bailey, Abr., Eng. comic author ; 1660 d.q. 

Baily, Edward Hodges, Eng. sculptor; 1788—1867 M. 

Baily, Fr., English scholar and astron., founder of the 
Royal Astronomical Society ; 1774—1844 D.w. 

Baily, J. , English engraver ; l790* b. 

Baily, John, Eng. dissenting minister ; 1643— 1697 A, B, 

Baily, Thomas, master of Clare Hall, Cambridge ; d. 
1591 " %. 

Bailzie, William, Scotch physician ; 1484 C.W. 

Bain, Alexander, Scottish author; b. 1818 

Bainbridge, Christopher, l)p. of Durham 1507, abp. 
of York 1508, and dipl. ; b. 1471, d. 1514 c^.^.e. 

Bainbridge, John, English astronomer and physician ; 
1582-1643 aE.u.w. 

Bainbridge, Will., Amer. commodore ; 1774—1833 c. 

Bainbrigg, Reginald, English antiquary ; 1602 q. 

Bainbrigge, Sir Philip, English gen.; 1786—1802 M. 

Baines, Edward, English politician ; 1774—1848 

Baines, Edward , Eng. author and polit. ; b. 1800 M. 

Baines, John, English mathematician; 1786—1835 R. 

Baines, Matthew Talbot, English polit. ; b. 1799 f. 

Baines, Pet. Aug., Eng. Roman Cath. bp.; d. 1843 

Baines, Rudolph, English hebraist, bishop of Lich- 
field ; d. 1560 u. 

Baini, Giuseppe, Italian musician; 1776 d.k. 

Baion, French surgeon and writer on natural history ; 
18th cent. e. 

Bair, or Bayer, Melchior, German goldsmith; d. 
1577* N.E. 

Bairakdar, Mustapha Pasha, Turkish commander; 
1755—1808 D.E. 

Baird, Absalom, American brigadier-gen. ; b. 1824 c. 

Baird, Su* David, Scottish military officer ; 1757 — 
1829 _ D.E. 

Baird, Robert, American advocate of Protestantism 
and author; b. 1798 rt.c.Ji. 

Eaird, Spencer F., American naturalist and littera- 
teur; b. 1823 «.M. 

Bairo, Pietro, Ital. phys. and author; 1468-1558 I.E. 

Baisancor, son of Caidu-Khan, enqi. of the Moguls D. 

Baisanklior, shah of Persia ; 1480—1492 d.r. 

Baisankhor, king of Transoxiana ; 1477—1499 D.K. 

Baisankhor, emperor of India ; 17th cent. r. 

Baisio, Guido di, Italian canonist ; d. 1382 E. 

Baitar, Abdallah Ebn Ahmed Ziaeddin Ebn, Moham- 
medan ijhysician and botanist ; d. 1248 E. 

Baitelli, Angelica, Italian nun and scholar; 1646 Q.R. 

Baitelli, Francesca, Italian poetess and scholar ; b, 
1706 D.I. 

Baitelli, Francisco, Italian Latin poet ; 1625 D.i. 

Baitelli, Julio, Italian lawyer and author ; 1705 I.Q. 

Baitello, Girolamo, Italian patriot ; 1560 E. 

Baitello, or Baitelli, Lodovico, Italian jurist and 
counsellor of state ; 17th cent. R. 

Baiter, Jean Georges, Swiss philologist ; b. 1801 F. 

Baithe, Steplien, Hungarian botanist; 1582 E. 



Baittie, William, English physician ; 1750 



D.g. 



Baitz, Joh HendrichHartmann, Dutch organ builder; 
1708—1770 K.ii. 

Baitz de Colonibier, Aude de, Fr. gen. ; 1610—1657 D. 

Baius, Jacques, Belgian theologian ; d. 1614 D. 

Baius, or De Bay, Mchel, Flemish professor of theo- 
logy; 1513—1589 c.D.r/.P.u. 

Baize, Noel Philippe, French eccles. ; 1672—1746 E. 

Baj, Tommaso, Ital. sacred musician ; 1650'' — 1714 E. 

Bajacca, Giovanni Battista, Italian jurist; 1625 I.E. 

Bajard, French representative ; b. 1793 ^ F- 

Bajardi, Giovanni Battista, Italian jurist ; 1588* I.E. 

Bajardo, Giovanni B.attista, Genoese painter; 1G20— 

1657 . ^ ^ ^• 

Bajat, Simon and Michael, Span, knights; 1170* D.R. 
Bajazet, Bavezid or Abou-Yezid {Ilderim), sultan of 

Turkey, 1389-1403; b. 1347, d. 1403 D.u. 

Bajazet II., sultan of Turkey, 1481-1512 ; 6. 1447, 

d. 1512 ^''^' 



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88 



EAL 



Bajazet, conspirator against Selim, 1558 ; d. 1559 D.U. 
Bajazet, brother of Amurath IV.; d. 1655 U. 

Bajole, Jean, Fr. Jesuit, historian; 1599—1650 D.u. 
Bajon, French physician and naturalist ; d. 1790 D.u. 
Bajtai, Baron Antou von, bishop of Siebenbiirgen and 

philosopher; 1717 — 1775 q.k. 

Bajus, James, Flemish theologian ; d. 1614 ii. 

Bajus, or De Bay, Michael, Flemish ecclesiastic ; 1513— 

1589 _ . E. 

Bajza, Anton, Hungarian poet and hist. ; h. 1804 v. 
Bakacs, Thomas, Hungarian ecclesiastic ; d. 1521 K. 
Bake, Johannes, Dutch philologist ; 1787 — 1820 F. 
Bake, Laurent, Dutch poet ; d. 1714 E.u. 

Bake, Eeinhard, German ecclesiastic ; 1587 — 1657 E. 
Baker, lienjamin Franklin, American musical author ; 

b. 1811 a. 

Baker, Charles, English author ; 1830 c. 

Baker, David, English Benedictine historian ; 1575— 

1641 C.B.U. 

Baker, David Erskine, Eng. biographer ; d. 1764* E.U. 
Baker, Edward Dickinson, American senator ; 1811 — 

1861 e. 

Baker, Geoffrey, Eng. monk and hist. ; 14th cent. E. 
Baker, George, Eng. surgeon and author; 1599 Q.E. 
Baker, George, bishop of Lismore and Waterford, 

1661-65 ; d. 1665 c. 

Baker, George, English topographer ; 1781 — 1851 
Baker, Sir George, Eng. physician ; 1722—1809 c.E.W. 
Baker, Henry, English poet and naturalist ; 1698 — 

1774 c.e.E.u.w. 

Baker, Humphrey, Eng. arithmetician ; 16th cent. K. 
Baker, Sir John, speaker of the House of Commons, 

1547 ; (/. 1558 c.e. 

Baker, John, English scholar at Cambi-idge ; 1568 q. 
Baker, John, recorder of London ; 1526 
Baker, John, English admiral ; d. 1716 E. 

Baker, John, English painter of fruit and fioTvers ; 

h. 1736% d. 1771 B. 

Baker, Osman C, American divine ; h. 1812 c. 

Baker, Philip, jn-ovost of King's College, Cambridge ; 

h. 1524 q. 

Baker, Sir Richard, English hist. ; 1568—1645 C.E.u. 
Baker, liobert, English traveller ; d. 1580* E. 

Baker, Sir Samuel "White, English African explorer 

and author ; h. 1821 
Baker, Thomas, Eng. mathematician ; 1625—1090 c.W. 
Baker, Thomas, English scholar and antiquary ; 

1056—1740 c.K.u.w. 

Baker, Thomas, sheriff of London ; 1789 d. 

Baker, Tliomas Earwick-Llovd, English magistrate ; 

h. 1807 " M. 

Baker, "William, bishop of Bangor 1723, Norwich 

1727; rf. 1732 d.l. 

Baker, "V\"illiam, English printer ; 1742—1785 C.E.w. 
Bakewell, Robert, English experimental farmer ; 

1725*— 1795 c.D./7.E.\v. 

Bakewell, Robert, English geologist ; 17GS*— 1843 
Bakhtiyar, Fortunate, Persian prince E. 

Bakhuysen. See Backliuysen. 
Baki, or Abd-Ol-Baki, Turkish lyric poet and judge ; 

d. 1600 K. 

Bakics, Paul, Hungarian warrior ; 1524 e. 

Bakics, Pet., Hungarian military commander ; 1552 e. 
Bakkarevitcli, Mikael Nikitish, Russian writer ; 

d. 1820 ... E. 

Bakker, Adrian, Dutch historical and poi-trait painter ; 

d. 1686 G.E. 

Bakker, Gerbrand, Dutch phys. ; 1771—1828 D.E. 
Bakker, Jacob, Dutch painter ; 1609-1651 e. 

Bakker, Meeuws Meindertszoon, Dutch engineer ; 

1690 E. 

Bakker, N., Flemish painter in London ; d. 1089 B. 
Bakker.Pet. Huizinga, Dutch poet; 1718*— 1801 E.U. 
Bakoss, .Joannes, German author ; 1677 <j.i;. 

Baksai, Abrahamus, Hungarian historian and jurist ; 

1560 Q.E. 

Baksai, Bernard us, Hungarian councillor ; 1570* q.k. 



Baktishwa ben Geurges, Nestorian phys.; 787 e. 
Baktish-watoenGiabril, Nestorian phys.; c7. 870 E. 
Baktisliwa ben Yahga, Nestorian phys.; d, 932 E. 
Baktisliwa, Giabril ben Obeid Allah ben, Nestorian 

physician and writer ; d. 1006 e. 

Bakusi, Arabian geographer ; 800 D. 

Balaam, Mesopotamian prophet ; B.C. 1489 D. 

Balak, sultan of Aleppo, 1123 ; d. 1124 
Balak, king of Moab; B.C. 1480 
Balaklei, Sultan, Zauologense Tartar prince ; 1221 E. 
Balam, Richard, English mathematician ; 1650 E. 
Balamio, or Balamy, physician to Leo. X. u.w. 

Balani, D. Gabriel, Ital. music, composer ; 1680 D.K. 
Balamir, or Balember, chief of the Huns ; 376 
Balanus, prince of Gaul ; B.C. 100 D. 

Balanzac, Franpois de Bremond, Baron de, a French 

leader of the Reformation ; d. 1592 
Balard, not Ballard, Antoine Jerome, French chemist; 

h. 1802 F. 

Balard, Jean, syndic of Geneva ; 1520 d. 

Balard, Jean, French lutist; 1550 D.K. 

Balard, Marie Francjoise Jaccpaette Alby, French 

poetess ; 1776 — 1822 d.E. 

Balasces, or Balasch, king of Persia ; 488-91 
Balasfi, Thomas, Hungarian ecclesiastic ; 1610 E. 
Balassa, Valentine, Hungarian count, warrior, and 

poet ; 1550 e. 

Balassi, Mario, Florentine painter ; 1604—1667 B.D.T. 
Balaun, or Balazun, Guillaiune, Provencal trouba- 
dour; 1160* D. 
Balban, Sultan Gheis-ed-deen Balban Shah, king of 

Delhi ; d. 1286 E. 

Baltaani, Nicholas, Italian ecclesiastic ; d. 1587 I.E. 
Ba,lbastre, Claude, French musician and organist ; 

1729*— 1799 D.K. 

Balbe, Italian noble family of warriors and states- 
men ; 12th cent. E.u. 
Baltai, Countess of, confidant of Louis XVIII. ; 1753— 

1836 D.F. 

Balbi, Adriano, Venetian geogi-apher ; 1782 — 1848 D.F. 
Balbi, Andro di Lando, Italian painter and sculptor ; 

1572 D. 

Balbi, Domcnico, Venetian dramatist ; 16G7 D.I. 

Balbi, Gaspard, Venetian jeweller and traveller; 

1588 E.u. 

Balbi, Giovanni, Italian Dominican and author ; 

d. 129S E.U.W. 

Balbi, Giovanni Francesco, Italian jurist ; 1530 I.E. 
Balbi, Giovanni Giacomo, Italian physician ; 1650 D. 
Balbi, Girolamo, Italian litterateur and diplomatist ; 

d. aft. 1535 D.E. 

Balbi, Jofredus-Lanfrancus, Italian lawyer ; 1450 D.I. 
Balbi, Laurentio, Ital. composer and violoncellist D.K. 
Balbi, L^^igi, Italian music composer ; 1750 i.k. 

Balbi, Marco-Antonio, Italian musical author K. 

Balbi, Pietro, Italian philologist ; 1423 E.U. 

Balbi, Prosper, Comte de, Italian diplomatist and 

scholar ; 1762—1837 _ D.E. 

Balbian, Justus de, Italian physician and author; 

d. 1616 D.E. 

Balbinus, Oloysius-Boleslaus, Bohemian Jesuit his- 
torian; 1611—1689 D.U. 
Balbinus, Decius Celius, Roman consul and em23eror ; 

d. 238 D.E.X. 

Balbinus, or Balbin, Joliann, Bohemian Latin jjoet ; 

d. 1570 D.Q. 

Balbis, Giovanni Battista, Italian botanist ; 1765 — 

1831 D.U. 

Balbis, Silvio, Italian theologian and litterateur; 

1737—1796 _ D.E. 

Balbo, Lodovico, Italian musician ; d. 1594* E. 

Balbo, Scipio, Italian poet ; 1530 D.I. 

Balbo. See Balbi. 

Balboa, Alfonso, Italian eccles. and author ; 1630 D.E. 
Balboa, D. Franciscus de Balboa e Paz, Spanish 

eouucilhir and judge ; 17th cent. E. 

Balboa, Miguel C'avello, Spanish missionary ; 1550 d. 



BAIi 



89 



BAL 



Balboa, Vasco Nuiiez de{Gonquistador), Spanisli navi- 
gator ; 1475—1517 D.E. 

Baltouena, Bernardus de, Spanisli poet, bishop of 
Porto llico ; 1568—1627 C.K.U.w. 

Balbus, Atius, grandfather of Aug. Cesar; B.C. 62 D. 

Balbus, Cornelius {Minor), Roman general and diplo- 
matist ; 1st cent. B.C. D.X. 

BaJlJUS, D. Lffilius, Roman quindccemvir and consul ; 

B.C. 17 H.X. 

BallDUS, L. Cornelius-Theophanes, Eoman consul ; 1st 

cent. B.C. D.X. 

Balbus, Lucius Lucilius, Roman jurist ; 1st cent. 

B.C. D.X. 

Balbus, L. Norhanus, consul of Rome ; 19 H. 

Balbus, L. Octavius, Eoman jurist and judex; 1st 

cent. B.C. D.X. 

Balbus, M. Acilius, Roman consul ; B.C. 150 H.X. 
Balbus, M. Acilius, Roman consul ; B.C. 114 H.x. 
Balbus, Mensor, Roman engineer and author; A.D. 7 D. 
Balbus, Pietro, Italian theologian ; 1471) D. 

Balbus, Q. Ant., Roman prcetor in Sicily ; B.C. 82 D.x. 
Balbus, Qu. Julius, consul of Rome ; 129 H. 

Balbus, Q. Lucilius, Eoman Stoic philosopher D.x. 
Balbus, Spurius-Thorius, Roman tribune; B.C. Ill D.x. 
Balbus, T. Ampius, Roman tribune audprietor; B.C. 

59 D.x. 

Balbus. See Ealbi and Balbo. 
Balcanqual, Walter, Scottish theologian, chaplain to 

James I. ; d. 1G45 D. 

Balch, William, American ecclesiastic and agricul- 
turalist ; 1704—1792 R. 
Balclien, Sir John, English admiral; 16C9 — 1744 E.W. 
Balcianelli, Marco-Antonio, Italian poet ; 1600 I.Q. 
Bald, Anders, Swedish iiaiuter ; 1671 — 1751 D. 
BaldaccMlli, Felippo, Italian poet ; 15th cent. D.I. 
Baldaccl, Anton, Baron, Austrian minister of .state; 

17G7— 1830^^ D.R. 

Baldacini, Antonio Luigi, Italian violinist ; 1720 k. 
Baldalocchi, vr Rosa Sisto di Parma, Italian painter ; 

17th cent. T. 

Baldamus, Jacob-Conrad, German theologian and 

author; 1694—1755 _^ D.Q. 

Baldari, Giovanni-Battista, Italian painter ; 1590'* D. 
Baldasi, king of Assyria ; B.C. 800 
Baldassari, Giuseppe. Italian professor of natural 

history at Sienna ; 1750 I.U. 

Baldassari, Pietro, Italian music composer ; 17th 

cent. K.R. 

Baldassari, Yalerio da Pescia, Italian i^aintcr, pujiil 

of Pier Dandini ; 1700 d.t. 

BaldasseroLi, Giovanni, Tuscan statesm.; h. 1790 D.F. 
Baldasseroti, Giovanni - Giacomo, Italian lawyer; 

1710—1780 _ D.I. 

Baldasseroni, Pompco, Italian counsellor and littera- 
teur ; d. 1807 _ D.ii. 
Baldassi, or Baldassini, Jerome, Italian liLstoiian ; 

1720*— 1780 D.u.s. 

Baldassini, Thomas, French Oratorian; 1700 d.i. 
Baldaya, Alouzo - Gonzalez, Portuguese navigator ; 

1434 D.U. 

Balde, Jacob, German Jesuit, Latin poet ; 1603 — • 

1668 c.D.ii.w. 

Balde, or Baldasus, Philippe, Dutch miss. ; 1670 d. ii. 
Balde de Ubaldis, Pietro, Ital. jurist ; 1324—1400 D.u. 
Baldelll, Francesco, It;dian painter and pupil of 

Barocci 'i'. 

Baldelli, Francesco, Italian scholar and author ; 

1.550 D.u. 

Baldelli, Giovanni-Battista, Italian statesman and 

litterateur, chamberlain to the grand-duke of 

Tuscany ; 1766—1831 I.U. 

Baldenecker, Johann Bernard, German violinist and 

pianist ; 1800 D.K. 

Baldenecker, Nicolas, German publisher of sonnets 

and solos ; 1750* d.k. 

Baldenecker, Udarlic, German musician and violinist ; 

1784 d.k. 



Balder icus, Fr. ecclesiastic and writer ; d. 1130 d.r. 
Baldericus [the lied), French chronicler, bishop of 
Noyon and Touruay, chronicler ; 1017—1097 D.K. 
Baldericus, French liistorian ; 1050—1119 u. 

Baldericus, or Baldricus, Flemish writer ; 12tli 



cent. 



R. 



Balderston, Richard, master of Catherine Hall, Cam 
bridge ; el. 1507'- q, 

Baldesi, Antonio, Florentine physician ; 1610 I.K, 

Baldeus, Philip, English minister and writer; 17th 
cent. u_ 

Baldewia, or Baudoin, Fr. monk and author ; 1150 D* 

Baldi, or Baldus, Florentine physician to Pope Urban 
VIII. and Innocent X.; d. 1665 d.u. 

Baldl, Accurziq, Tuscan sculptor ; 1584 d. 

Baldi, Antonio, Italian designer and eneraver ; 1692* — 
1760* B.R. 

Baldi, Bernardino ; Italian painter ; 1590* c.D. 

Baldi, Camillo, professor of philosophy at Bologna; 
1547 — 1634 D.I, 

Baldi, Gerard, Ital. tlieol. and author ; d. 1760 d!i. 

Baldi, Giovanni, Italian organist ; 1790* d.k. 

Baldi, Giuseppe, Italian pliysician ; 1690* d.b. 

Baldi, Innocenzio, Italian theologian ; 1544—1608 D.I. 

Baldl, Lazzaro ; Italian painter ; 1623—1703 b.d.t. 

Baldi, Pietro Maria, Italian painter and architect : 
1670* D. 

Baldi, Valentino, Italian painter ; 1744—1816 D. 

Baldi de Ubaldis, Angelo, Italian jurist ; d. 1423 u.c. 

Baldi d'Urbino, Bernardino, Italian scholar, mathe- 
matician, and litterateur ; 1553 — 1617 D.R.w. 

Baldigara, Battista, Italian physician and author ; 
1560 D.I. 

Baldinacci, Yincenzio, Italian jurist ; 1526* — 1590 i.e. 

Baldinelli, Baldiuo, Italian painter, jjupil to Domeni- 
chino T. 

Baldinger, Ernest Godefroi, German physician, bot- 
anist, and biograiiher ; 1738-1804 c.D.E.w. 

Baldini, Baccio, Italian goldsmith and engraver ; 
1436 — 1515 B.D.N.T. 

Baldini, Baccio, Italian i^hysician and librarian at 
Florence ; d. 1585 R.u. 

Baldini, Bernardino, Italian philosopher, mathe- 
matician, poet, andM.D. ; 1515 — 1600 D.R. 

Baldini, Filipo, Italian physician and writer ; 1780 D.K. 

Baldini, Giovanni, Floi-entine joainter ; 1500 n.R.t. 

Baldini, Giovanni - Francesco, Italian savant, anti- 
quary, and author ; 1677 — 1765 c.D.i.w. 

Baldini, Giuseppe, Floren. paint., pupU of Gabbiani T. 

Baldini, Pietro Paolo, Italian painter, j^upil of Pietro 
da Cartona b.d.t. 

Baldini, Taddeo, Ital. paint., pupil of Salvator Eosa T. 

Baldini, Fra Tiburzio, Italian painter ; 1611 B.D. 

Baldini, Vittore, Italian historian ; 1600 D. 

Baldino, Galvano di, Itahan jurist ; 1384 I.R. 

Baldinotti, Bartolomeo, Italian jurist ; 1478 I.E. 

Baldinotti, Tommaso, Italian poet ; 1529—1601 I.Q. 

Baldinsel, Guillaume, French traveller and com- 
mander of St John of Jerusalem ; 1337 D.U.w. 

Baldinucci, Filippo, Itr.lian litterateur, biographer, 
and academician ; 1624 — 1696 c.i.u. 

Baldit, Michael, Italian physician ; 1650 d.r. 

Baldo, or Baldius, Florentine i^hysician and medical 
writer; d. 1640* c.P.W. 

Baldo. See Baldi. 

Baldock, Ralph de, bishop of London (1307) ; lord 
chancellor of England ; d. 1314 c.d.f.l.-R.-C. 

Baldock, Robert, English judge (1685) ; 1630*— 1698 /. 

Baldock, Robert, English justice of the King's Bench, 
1688 ; el. 1691 /• 

Baldock, Robert de, lord chancellor of England, 1307 ; 
d. 1313 f-P- 

Baldoli, Geronimo, Italian physician ; d. 1622 i.R. 

Baldoli, Silvestro, Italian jurist ; 1500 I.E. 

Baldonasco, Arrigo, Italian poet ; 1250 R. 

Baldovinetti, Alessio, Florentine painter and artist 
in mosaic ; 1425-1499 b.d.r.t. 



BAL 



90 



BAL 



Baldovlnetti, Benedetto di Poggio, Italian scholar ; 



1720" 



D.I. 



Baldovini, Francesco, Italian poet ; 1635—1706 c.i.R. 

Baldracani, Alex., Ital. poet and orator; 1680 B.I. 

Baldracco, Domeuico, Italian novelist ; 1618 D.I. 

Baldrati, Bartolomeo, Italian Cordelier; 1G20* D.K. 

Baldred, king of Kent ; 805—819 u. 

Baldred, Scottish ecclesiastic ; d. 608* K. 

Baldrey, J., English engraver; 1790 B. 

Baldric, keeper of the Great Seal of England : 1077 

Baldrie, Sir Thomas, sheriff of London, 1517; lord 
mayor, 1523 d. 

BaldfigM, Giuseppe, Ital. painter ; 1722— 1S02 b.d.t. 

Balducci, Francesco, Ital. poet; 1600"— 16-12 c.l.R.w. 

Balducci, Giovanni [Cosci), Italian painter; 1560 '■ — 
1600 B.I.K.T. 

Balducci, Gio Pisano, Italian painter T. 

Balducci, Jacojio, Italian juiist, and governor of 
Parma; 16th cent. I.E. 

Balducci, Luigi, Ital. philosopher and poet: 1726 d.i. 

Balduccio, Giovanni, Italian sculptor ; lo22 N.R. 

Balduin, Christian Atlolph, German savant and au- 
thor ; 1632-1682 D.R. 

Balduiu, Francis, Belgian lawyer and author ; 1520— 
1573 D. 

Balduin, Friederich, Germ. theoL; 1575—1627 D.R. 

Balduinl, Jacopo, Italian jurist ; d. 1240* K. 

Balduinis, Ugolino, Bolognese jurist ; 1250 i.R. 

Balduinus, Canonicus, German author K. 

Baldulf, bishop of Witherne ; 791 E. 

Ealdung, Hans (G-rucn), German painter, engraver, 
and woodcutter ; 1470* — 1550* B.D.R. 

Eaidung, Jerome, Swiss physician ; 1480 D.Q. 

Baldus, 07- BaldescM, Ital. jurist ; 1327 — 1400 D.R. 

Baldus, Edouard Denis, French artist and photo- 
grapher; h. 1820 F. 

Ealdwin, bishop of "Worcester 1180, archbishop of 
Canterbury 1185, author; '/. 1190 d.h.l.w. 

Baldwin I., enijieror of the East, raid count of Flan- 
ders ; 1171—1206 R. 

Baldwin II., emperor of the East, 1228-61 ; b. 1217, 
d. 1273 R. 

Baldwin I., king of Jerusalem, 1100-18 ; d. 1118 R. 

Baldwin II. {Be Bouni) ; 1118-31 ; d. 1131 R. 

Baldwin III., 1143-62"^; b. 1130, d. 1162 R. 

Baldwin IV. (the Leper) ; 1173-83 ; d. 1185 R. 

Baldwin V. ; d. 1186 r. 

Baldwin I. {Bras-dc-Fer), count of Flanders ; d. 877" R. 

Baldwin II. (the Bald) ; d. 918 R. 

Baldwin III. ; 989 r. 

Baldwin IV. (BeUe Beirhe), count of Flanders and 
Artois ; d. 1034* r. 

Baldwin V. (i^rwi/a^rfcr), count of Flanders; £^.1007 R. 

Baldwin VI. ; d. 1070 r. 

Baldwin VII. ; 11th cent. r. 

Baldwin VIII. (FlapeuJe, or Hopkin) ; 1093—1119 R. 

Baldwin IX. (the Brave) ; d. 1195 r. 

Baldwin I., count of Hainault ; 1030-70 L. 

Baldwin II., count of Hainault (1070), king of Jeru- 
salem L. 

Baldwin III., count of Hainhault ; 1099-1120 L. 

Baldwin IV.; 1120-71 l. 

Baldwin V. ; 1171-95 L. 

Baldwin VI. ; 1195-1206 l. 

Baldwin, Abraham, American senator ; 1754 — 1807 R. 

Baldwin, Ebeuezer, American minister ; 1745 — 1776 R. 

Baldwin, George, English consul and author; 1800 w. 

Baldwin, John, dean of Chester-lc-street ; d. 1.501* q. 

Baldwin, John, English chief justice of the Common 
Pleas, 1535 ; d. 1545 /. 

Baldwin, Thomas, abp. of Canterbury; d. 1191 C.D.U, 

Baldwin, Thomas, American theological writer ; 1753 — 
1825 a.c.R. 

Baldwin, Sir Timothy, Eng. miscel. writer ; 1640 K. 

Baldwin, A\'illiam, English schoolmaster and author ; 
d. 1,564 C.D.U. 

Baldwyn, Edward, English divine and author; 1790 w. 



Bale, or Balaeus, John, English theologian, bishop of 

Ossory, and author, 1553 ; b. 1495, fZ.1563 c.c.R.u.W. 
Bale, Piobert, prior of the Carmelites at Burnham, 

Latin author ; d. 1503* D.G.Q.r/. 

BaleclLOU, Jean-Jacques Nicholas, French engraver ; 

1715—1765 B.c.DU, 

Baleg, Saracen commander in Spain ; 742 
Baleg Ben Bakir, Egyptian chief ; 8th cent. r. 

Balen, Henry van, Flemish historical and portrait 

painter ; 1.560 — 1632 b.c.d.u. 

Balen, Mathias, Dutch poet and hist. ; 1611-1677* R.U. 
Balenena, Bernardo de, Spanish poet ; 1625 R. 

Bales, Peter, Eng. calligrapher ; 1547—1610 c.e.R.W. 
Balesdens, Jean, Fr. jurist and author; d. 1675 D.U. 
Balestra, Roman architect ; 1800 R. 

Balestra, Antonio, Veronese ptr.; 1666—1740 B.D.R.T. 
Balestra, Giuseppe, Italian surgeon ; 1657 I.Q. 

Balestra, Pietro, Italian sculptor ; 1692 D. 

Balestra, Eaimondo, Ital. music composer; 1610 D.K. 
Balestrieri, Domenico, Italian poet ; 1714—1755 d.i. 
Balestrieri, Domenico del Piceno, Italian i^ainter ; 

15th cent. t. 

Balestrieri, Giuseppe, Ital. painter ; 16.32 — 1709 d.t. 
Balestrieri, Hortensio, Ital .Jesuit andauthor ; 1633 1. Q. 
Balestrieri, Pietro-Giovanni, Italian poet ; 1704 i.Q. 
Balestrini, Felippo, Italian physician and anatomist ; 

1708 I.Q. 

Baletti, Elena Piecoboui (Eose Balctti), Italian vocal- 
ist ; b. 1768 D.K. 
Baletti, Gianetta-Eosa-Benozzi, Fr. actress ; rl. 1578 D. 
Baletti, Giusejipe (Mario), Italian actor ; 1716 D. 
Baleus, or Xerxes, king of Assyria ; B.C. 1980 
Baleus, king of Assyria ; B.C. 1860 
Baley, Walter, English clergyman, physician to Queen 

Elizabeth, and author ; 1529—1.592 C.D.W. 

Balfe, Michael Will., Irish music comp. ; b. 1808 d.m. 
Balfour, Alex., Scottish novel writer; 1767—1829 d.r. 
Balfour, Andrew, founder of the Museum and Botanic 

Gai-dens at Edinburgh ; 1580 D.U.W. 

Balfour, Francis, Scottish phys. andauthor; 1784 d.r. 
Balfour, James, Scotch lawyer and judge; d. 1583 d. 
Balfour, Sir James, Scotch secretary of state ; 1504 
Balfour, Sir James, Scottish antiquarj^ and writer ; d. 

16.57 B. 

Balfour, John, bishop of Brechin ; 1470 k. 

Balfour, John Hutton, English botanist and writer; 

b. 1802 
Balfour, Michael, Scotch secretary of state ; 1496 
Balfour, Nisbet, English general ; 1740*— 1823 K. 
Balfour, Robert, Scottish philosopher ; 17th cent. r.W. 
Balfour, William, Eng. militaiy ofBcer ; 1775*— 1838 R. 
Balfourier, Paul Emile Adolphe, French painter ; b. 

1815* F. 

Balguerie-Stutten'oerg, Pierre, French merchant and 

commercial benefactor ; 1779 — 1825 D.R. 

BalgTiy, Charles, English phys. and writer ; 1730 W. 
Balguy, John, English theologian and author ; 1686 — 

1748 c.R.u.w. 

Balguy, Thomas, English divine and preacher ; 1716 — 

1795 c.R.w. 

Balhorn, or Ballham, Ludwig Wilhclm, German lit- 
terateur; d. 1777 D.Q. 
Balianos, Giovanni Battista, Italian physician and 

mathematician; d,lQ\^ij D.Q. 

Balicourt, Marguerite Therfese de, French actress; 

d. 1743 D.E. 

Baliente, Josef Hippolyte, Span, linguist; 1720 d.q. 
Balin, Jean, French priest and phys. ; b. 1570 D.u. 
Balinglieni, Antoine de, French monk and ascetic 

wi-iter; 1571— 163C E.u.W. 

Baliol, Sir Alexander, of Cavers, Scottish lord chan- 
cellor and great chamberlain ; 1295 E. 
Baliol, Edward, king of Scotknd (1332-55); d. 

1363 R.W. 

Baliol, Henry de, Scotch lord chamberlain ; d. 1246 R. 
Baliol, Sir John de, English baron, founder of Baliol 

College, Oxford ; d. 1269 c.E. 



BAL 



91 



BAL 



Baliol, John de, king of Scotland (1291-96) ; 1250-— 
1314 R.w. 

Balista, Koman prefect of the Prastorians ; cl. 264 D. 
Balista, Quintilius, Ital. theologian; 1754 — 1813 d.q. 
Balivet, Claude Francois, French advocate; 1754 — 
1813 ' K.u. 

Balk, Daniel George, Prussian physician and pub- 
licist ; 1764— 1S2G E. 
Balk, Everard, Dutch lawyer ; 1520 D. 
Balk, Hermann, staudnieister of Prussia ; d. 1247 E. 
Balk, Mkolai-Nikolaivitch, Russian officer ; 1653 K. 
Balk, Fhedor Nikolaivitch, Prussian military oificer; 
d. 1739 K. 
Balke, Hermann, grand -master of the knights of 
Livonia ; 1237 E. 
Ball, Sir Alexander John, Eng. rear-admiral ; d. 1809 E. 
Ball, Edward, town-clerk of Cambridge ; b. 1538 q. 
Ball, John, English popular preacher ; ex. 1381 c.E.U. 
Ball, John, English Puritan divine and author ; 1585— 
1640 D.E.W. 
Ball, John, English politician and writer ; b. 1818 F. 
Ball, Nathaniel, English divine and author ; 1750 W. 
Ball, Nicliolas, Irish judge, politician, and naturalist ; 
1791—1865 M. 
Ball, Thomas, English Puritan divine ; 1590*— 1659 E. 
Balla, Josepli-Francois, Fr. magistrate ; 1737 — 1806 D. 
Balla, Philibert, Italian Jesuit, professor of philoso- 
phy and theology ; 1703—1770 I.Q. 
Ballatoene, Gre;,'orio, Italian music comi^oser ; 1720— 
1803 " K.E. 
Balladori, Geronimo, Italian theologian and poet ; 
1619—1683 I.Q. 
Ballaini, Giovanni, Ital. Franciscan author; 1571 D.I. 
Ballainvillers, Baron de, iutendant of Languedoc, 
counsellor of state, and author ; 1760 — 1 835 D. 
Eallan, or Balan, Antoiae, Fr. general ; 1751—1832 D. 
Ballanclie, Piei-re Simon, French printer and writer ; 
1776-1847 _ ^D.K. 
Ballanti, Giovanni-Battista, Italian sculptor; 1762 — 
1835 D.E. 
Ballantine, William, English lawyer, Q.C. ; h. 1814" 
Ballantyne, James, Scottish solicitor and printer ; d. 
1833 _ E. 
Ballantyne, John, Scottish printer and publisher ; 
1774*— 1821 K.u. 
Ballard, or Balard, Antoine-Jerome, French chemist 

and professor ; b. 1802 
Ballard, Christophe, printer of music to Louis XIV. 
of France ; 1673 D.K. 

Ballard, Christophe-Jean-Francois, printer of music 
to Louis XIV. ; d. 1765 D.K. 

Ballard, George, English antiquary and biogi'apher ; d. 
1755 c.R.w. 

Ballard, Pierre, printer of music to Henry III. of 
France ; 1633 D.K. 

. Ballard, Robert, jirinter of music to Henry II. of 
France ; 1552 D.K. 

Ballard, Robert, printer of music to Louis XIII. of 
France; 1639 d.k. 

Ballard, Samuel James, English admiral ; d. 1829 R. 
Ballard, Volant Vashou, Eng. admiral; 1774*— 1833 E. 
Ballarini, Francesco, Ital. historian ; 1600—1650 d.i. 
Ballarini, Hippolyte, Italian theologian and author ; 
1558 ' I.Q. 

Ballarini, Paolo, Italian painter ; 1712—1782 d. 

Ballarini, Sante, Italian jurist ; 17th cent. r. 

Ballarini, Simon, Italian antiquary and autlior ; 
1716—1770 D.I. 

Ballarotti, Francesco, Italian musician ; 1699 d.k. 
Balle, Nicolai-Edinger, Danish ecclesiastic and writer ; 
1744—1816 D.E. 

Balleganach, Ferquhard de, bishop of Caithness, 
1301 ; d. 1328 A: 

Ballenden, Adam, bishop of Dunblane, 1615 ; Aber- 
deen, 1635-38 7c. 
Ballenden, or Ballendel, Sir John, Scottish poet and 
historian; d. 1550 E.u. 



Ballenstedt, Johann Georg Justus, Prussian ecclesi- 
astic ; b. 1756 G.E. 
Eallerini, Geronimo, Italian savant and author; 
1702-1780 c.D.i.D. 
BaUerini, Pietro, Italian scholar and ecclesiastical 
writer ; 1698-1754 c.i.R.w. 
BaUeroy, Jacques Claude Augustin, Marquis de la 
Cour, French general ; 1694—1773 D.E. 
Ballerserd. See BaUexserd. 

Ballester, or Balester, Joachim, Spanish engraver: 
1750^^-1795 ^ N.E. 

Ballesteros, Francisco, Spanish gen.; 1770—1832 D.E. 
Ballesteros, Luis Lopez, Spanish financier and minis- 
ter of state ; b. 1778 d. 
Ballet, Fran5ois, French ecclesiastic ; 1702—1762 D.E. 
Ballet, Jean, French advocate ; 1760*— 1832 d.E. 
Ballexserd, Jacques, Swiss phys.; 1726—1774 c.d.u. 
Balleydier, French general ; 1763—1840 d. 
Balleydier, Alphonse, French litterateur ; b. 1820* P. 
Ballliorn, Johann, German in-iiiter ; 1531 — 1599 G.E. 
Balli, Antonio, Italian jurist ; d. 1591 i.e. 
Balli, Antonio, Italian jurist and judge of Palermo ; 
d. 1598 I.E. 
Balli, Fabio, Italian jurist ; d. 1632 i.e. 
Balli, Giovanni-Battista, Italian judge; d. 1603 I.E. 
Balli, Paolo, Italian painter ; 1700 d. 
Balli, Simon, Italian painter; 1600* e.d.i.t. 
Balliani, Giovanni-Battista, Italian senator and philo- 
sopher; 1586 — 1666 i.u. 
Balliere de Laissment, Denis, French litterateur and 
writer on music ; 1729 — 1800 K.U. 
Ballin, Claude, French engraver and goldsmith ; 
1615—1678 C.D.U. 
Ballin, Claude, French goldsmith ; 1660*— 1754 d.u. 
Ealline, Giulio, Ital. jurist and litterateur; 1560 D.U. 
Eallinert, Giovanni, Italian painter ; b. 1580* N.E. 
Balling, Jens or Emanuel, Danish typographer and 
translator; 1743 — 1795 D.E. 
Ballingall, Sir Geoige, English surgeon and writer ; 
1786-1855 D.F. 
Ballini, Camillo, Venetian painter ; 17th cent. B.D.T. 
Ballini, Niccolo, Italian painter ; 1651 — 1736 T. 
Ballini, Gio. and Stefano, Italian painters T. 
Baliioni, Geronimo, Ital. music comp. ; 16th cent. D.K. 
Ballistus, Balistus or Calistus, Roman erai^eror; d. 
264 H.E.U. 
Eallivet, Jean, Fr. biogra])her and theol. ; 1734 d. 
Balljohr, J. Ch., Russian author; 1780 D.E. 
Ballo, Fabio, Italian jurist and poet ; d. 1632 I.E. 
Ballo, Giuseppe. ItaUan ecclesiastic and mathemati- 
cian; 1567—1640 I.E. 
Ballo, Ludovico, Italian musician ; IGth cent. E. 
Ballo, Tommaso, Italian poet ; 1600 I.E. 
Ballois,Louis-Joseph-Philippe, French political writer; 
1778-1803 D.E. 
Ballon, Louise-Blanche-Therese-Perrucard de, found- 
ress and abbess of the reformed Bernardines, Savoy; 
1591—1668 D.U. 
Ballonffeaux, George de, king's counsellor at Luxem- 
bourg, antiquary of Lorraine ; 1700 D.Q. 
Ballonius, or Baillon, Guillaume, French medical 
^vl■iter; 1538—1616 R.w. 
Ballotolo, Gasparo, Italian jurist ; d. 1670 i.e. 
Ballon, Hosea, American di^e and writer ; 1771 — 
1852 e. 
Balls, J. S., English comedian; 1799—1844 
Ballu, Theodore, French architect ; b. 1817 ^ P. 
Ballue, Fr. notary and judge of the peace ; 1702 D. 
Ballue, Hippolyte Oraer, French painter ; b. 1820 F. 
Ba,Iluerca, Spanish painter ; 1690 ^ d.n. 
Bally, Victor, French phys. and writ.; b. 1780 D.F.R. 
Ballyconingham, John de, bishop of Down 1328, 
Cork 1330 ; d. 1347 . , c- 
Ballyet, Emmanuel, Frencli Carmelite bishop, and 
consul at Bagdad ; 1700—1773 '^•"a^.W. 
Balme, Claude, French military surgeon ; b. 1766, d. 
aft. 1818 B- 



BAIi 



92 



BAM 



Balme, Claiide Denis, French physician and writer ; 
1742—1805 D.r,. 

Balme, Henri de, Fr. Franciscan scholar ; d. 1439 d. 

Balmen, or de Balmaine, Connt Anthony Bogdano- 
vitch, Russian mihtary officer ; d. 1790 v.. 

Balmer, George, English painter ; d. 1846 B. 

Balmerino, Arthur Elphinstone, Lord ; h. 1688, he- 
headed 1746 

Balmes, Abraham de, Italian physician and professor; 
d. 1523 _ _ E. 

Balmes, Jacques Lucien, Spanish publicist and philo- 
sopher ; 1810—1848 D. 

Balmford, James. English ecclesiastical writ. ; 1610 E. 

Balmis, Francis Xavier, Spanish surgeon ; 1810 D.ii. 

Balmont, Countess of St, French tragic au.thoress ; 
ICoO ' D. 

Balmule, Kicholas, Scottish Lishoj) and chancellor; 
d. 131'J E. 

Balmyle, Xicolas de, bp. of Dunblane, 1307 ; cl. 1320 k. 

Balnaves, Henry, Scottish poet and reformer ; 1520 — 
1579 ' c.D.R.w. 

BalocM, or BallOCO, Luigi, Italian poet and lawyer ; 
1766-1832 D.s. 

Ba.log', Georgius, Hungarian pastor E. 

Balogh, Janes, Hungarian deputy ; h. 1800 D.F. 

Balogh de Osea, Peter, member of the Flungarian 
Parliament ;c?. 1816 G.E. 

Balon, Narses. Armenian heresiarch, and bishop of 
Ormus; 1340 D. 

Balonfeau, or Ballonffeteau, Jacques, French com- 
mercial swindler ; 1628 D. 

Balsamina, Camilla, Italian songstress; d. 1810 D.K. 

Balsamino, Sim one, Italian tragic poet ; 1580 D.I. 

Balsarao, Gii;se)>pe {Count Cagliostro), Italian adven- 
turer ; 1743— 1795 D.E. 

Balsamo, Ignacio, Italian Jesuit and ecclesiastical 
writer ; 1543—1618 i.e. 

Balsamo, Ignacio, Italian poet; d. 1659 i.e. 

Balsamo, Lorenzo, Italian poet ; 1720" U. 

Balsamo, Ottavio, Italian poet ; 17th cent. U. 

Balsamo, Paolo, Italian agriculturalist and writer ; 
1763-1818 u.R.s.u. 

Balsamon, Theodor, patriarch of Antioch (1186), Greek 
canonist and commentator ; d. 1204 C.U.W. 

Balsarati, John Guj^, Hungarian physician and writer ; 
1529—1575 E. 

Balscot, or Petit, Alexander de, bishop of Meath 1380, 
lord justice of Ireland 1391 ; d. 1400 c. 

Balser, Georg-Frederich-Wilhelm, German physician ; 
h. 1780 I). 

Balser, Johann Christoph ; German lawyer and 
author ; 1710— 1750 D.Q. 

Balser, Cbristophori, Danish phys. ; 1628—1693 D. 

Baltaccliim, Blichele, Italian litterateur ; h. 1803 F. 

Baltacchmi, Xavier, Italian poet; h. 1800 P. 

Baltadji Maliomed Pasha, grand-vizier of the Otto- 
man empire ; (/. 1712 D.K. 

Baltard, Jules, French portrait painter ; h. 1807 F. 

Baltard, Louis Pierre, French architect and en- 
graver; 1765 — 1846 D. 

Baltard, Prosper, French architect ; h. 1796 r. 

Baltard, Victor, French architect and writer; h. 
1805 D.F. 

Baltazarini, Italian musician ; 1.5.50 k.e. 

Balten, Peter, Dutch painter ; 1540—1011 B.u. 

Baltesys, F., English engraver; 1600 B. 

Balthasar, Anna Christina, Swiss female scholar ; 
1750 B. 

Balthasar, Augustin, Swedish eccles. ; 1632—1688 R. 

Balthasar, Augustin de, Swedish liist. ; 1701—1786 Q. u. 

Balthasar, Casimir Victor Alexandre de, French 
painter ; h. 1809 F. 

Balthasar, Christophe, French jurist and publicist ; 
1588—1670 C.D.E.W. 

Balthasar, Franz Urs, Swiss historian ; h. ]089 E. 

Balthasar, Hubmeier, Swabiau Anabaptist leader ; 
10th cent. k. 



Balthasar, Jacob Heinrich de, superintendent-general 
of the churches in Swedish Pomerauia ; 1715 F.U. 

Balthasar, Joseph-Anthony-Felix de, Swedish histo- 
rian and jurist ; 1736 — 1810 e.U. 

Balthasar, Landgrave, of Thuringen; 1336—1400 g.k. 

Balthasar, Philip Jacob Von, German tutor; 1723 — 
1805 E. 

Balthazar!, Theodore, German professor of mathe- 
matics ; 1710 D.u. 

Balthazarini (Demijoijeux), Italian mus. ; 1.580 c.p.w. 

Balticus, Martin, German refoinier and poet ; 1532 — 
1601 _ G.E. 

Baltimore, Cecil Calvert, Lord, i^roprietor of Mary- 
land; 1632—1676 

Baltimore, Frederick, English traveller ; 1771 d.q. 

Baltimore, George Calvert, Lord, founder of the 
colony of IMaryland ; 1582—1032 e. 

Balton, Peter, Flemish historical and landscape 
painter ; 1.540 — 1579 d.k. 

Baltroddi,Walter de, bp. of Caithness, 1201*; d. 1271 K. 

Baltus, Jacques, German notai-y and chronicler ; 
1070-1760 _ E. 

Baltus, Jean Frangois, French Jesuit and theologian ; 
1667 — 1743 c.D.E.w. 

Baltz, J. George, of Strasbourg, miniature painter; 
b. 1760 B. 

Baltz, Theodore - Frederich, German physician and 
author ; h. 1785 d. 

Baltzar, Thomas, German musician ; d. 1G63 D.E. 

Baltzer, Johann Baptist, German Catholic divine ; 
b. 1803 F. 

Baltzer, "Wilhelm Eduard, Germ, eccles. ; b. 1814 F. 

Balue, Jean la, French cardinal, minister of Louis XL ; 
1421—1491 D.R. 

Baluffl, Cajetano, Italian eccles. writer; b. 1788 D.F. 

Balugani, Filipjjo, Italian sculptor ; d. 1780 D. 

Baluguli, AllDerto, Italian lawyer and geijg. ; 1545 I.E. 

Baluze, Etienne, French scholar and historical writer ; 
1630—1718 c.D.E.u.w. 

Baluze, Hyacinthe, French author; 1630 d.p. 

Balvas, Antonio, Spanish poet ; d. 1629 D. 

Balventius, T. , Roman centurion ; b. c. 54^" D. x. 

Balzac, Cli. Louis, Fr. archt. and author ; d. 1820 D.E. 

Balzac, Honore de, French romance Avriter; 1799 — 
1850 D.u. 

Balzac, Jean-Louis Guez de, French epistolographist 
and academician ; 1594—1655 C.D.E.u.w. 

Balzani, Giovanni-Girolamo, Italian painter ; 1658 — 
1735 D. 

Balzano, Francesco, Italian historian ; 1680 D.I. 

Balzavano, Giovanni Paolo, Italian lawyer and author; 
1596 D 

Baize, Jean Antoine Raymond, Fr. painter ; b. 1818 F. 

Baize, Jean Etienne Paul, French painter ; h. 1815 F. 

Baize, Nicolas, Fr. advocate ; 1733 or 5—1792 d.r.u 

Balzer, Anton, Bohemian artist ; 18th cent. n.R. 

Balzer, Johan, Bchemian engraver; 1738 — 1799 b.n.e. 

Balzer, Mathias, Bohemian engraver ; 18th cent. K.E. 

Balzo, Carlo de, Italian theologian ; 1600 d. 

Bamhacarius, Octavus, Italian lawyer ; (/. 1 612 d. 

Bambagiuoli, Graziolo, Italian jurist and author : 

oob D.E. 

Bamhalio.M. Fulvius, father-in-law of Mark Anthony; 

B.C. 50 D.X. 

Bambam, Aartwig, Germ . Lutheran divine; d. 1742 d.q. 

Bambam,Johaun, Germ, scholar and author; c?. 1699D.Q. 

Bambanius, M. Peter, German Latin poet; 1600 D.Q. 

Bamberg, Daniel, German theologian and gram- 
marian ; (/. 1680 D.Q. 

Bamberger, Johann Peter, Prussian military chaplain, 
counsellor, and writer ; 1722 — 1804 r. 

Bambini, Felix, Ital. music composer; 1742— 1800 D.K. 

Bambini, Jacopo, Italian painter ; 1582 or 90 (?)— 
1629or50(?) b.d.e.t. 

Bambini, Nicolo, Ital. hist, painter; 1651—1736 D.E. 

Bamtoocci, Abate Antonio, Italian sculptor and painter ; 
I36S'' — 1435*'^ D.K. 



BAM 



93 



BAN 



Bamboccio. See Peter van der Laer. 

Bambridge, Christoplier, abp. of York ; 150S CD. 

Bamesier, Hans, Germ.ijort. painter; 1500— 1000* n.e. 

Bamfleld, Joseph, royalist officer R. 

Bamford, James, English physician; IGOO ii.Q. 

Bamla, Gaspare!, German Lutheran tliviue; IGOOd.Q 

Bammacari, Nicolas, Ital. phys. and author ; 174G d.i. 

Bamme, Adam, sheriff of London, 1382 ; mayor, 1390 
and 90 d. 

Bampfield, Thomas, English theologian ; d. 1GS4 d.q. 

Bampfylde, Sir Coi^plestoue, Eng. polit. ; d. 1G91 K. 

Bampfylde, Francis, English minister and autlior; 
d. 1GS4 E. 

Bampton, John, canon of Salisbury ; d. 1751 

Banal, French agriculturalist and botanist ; 1750 D. 

Banaster, Gilbert, English poet and mus.; 14S2 d.e.U. 

Banaster, Thomas, English baron of the Exchequer ; 
1423 /. 

Banau, Jean Baptist, Swiss military surgeon ; 1775 E. 

Banc, Jean, French physician and author ; 1600 D. 

Bancal des Issarts, Jean Henri, French represen- 
tative and author ; 1750 — 1826 D.F.CJ. 

Bancbaaus, regent of Hungary ; 1217 d.e.u. 

Bance, Bernard, French author ; 6. 1795 r. 

Bancel, French representative and political wi-iter; 
b. 1823 F. 

Bancel, Louis, Fi-. Dominican and scholar ; d. 1685 D. 

Bancliem, or Bachemius, Dutch lawyer, member of 
the great council of Holland and Zealand ; 1540 — 
1602 D.Q. 

Bancheran, Richemont, French lawyer and drama- 
tist ; 1630 D.Q. 

Bancherelli, Gilbert, Italian Latin poet ; IGOO d.q. 

Banchero, Angelo, Italian painter ; 1744—1793 Q.i;. 

Eanclil, Serafino, Italian Dominican author ; d. 
1622 c.D.u.w. 

Banchieri, Adriano, Italian poet, musician, and or- 
ganist ; d. 1636 I.E. 

BancMn, English theologian ; 1332 d.q. 

Banck, Jan Van der, Dutch portrait painter ; 1740 B. 

Banck, John, English scholar ; 1551 q. 

Banck, Lawrent, Swedish jurist and writer on law ; 
(/. 1662 c.D.u.w. 

Banck, Nicolas de, German Dominican rector of 
general studies at Griitz ; 1680 D. 

Banck, Peter Van der, Flemish engraver ;3 1649— 
1697 n.D.N. 

Banckes, Thomas, bishop of Kilmacduagh ; 1582 c. 

Banco, Nanni d'Antonio, Italian sculptor and archi- 
tect ; 1374—1421 D.R. 

Bancroft, Aaron, American author ; 1755—1839 a.e. 

Bancroft, Edward, English physician and philoso- 
phical wi-iter ; d. 1821 R.W. 

Bancroft, Edward Nath., Eng. med. writer; 1808 w. 

Bancroft, George, American politician and historian ; 
b. 1800 " (I.e. 

Bancroft, John, bishop of Oxford 1632, master of 
University College 1574 ; d. 1641 c.dJ.-R. 

Bancroft, Richard, bishop of London 1597, archbishop 
of Canterbury 1604 ; b. 1544, d. 1610 c.d./.R.W. 

Bancroft, Thomas, English epigrammatist ; 1639 E.w. 

Eaudarini, IMarco, Italian poet ; 1540 i.e. 

Bandarra, Gonzalo Annez, Portuguese poet and 
thaumaturgist ; c^ 1556 D.E. 

Bandeira, Giovan Niccolo, Italian jurist and author; 
1730 1. 11. 

Bandel, Ernst von, German sculptor ; b. 1800 f. 

Bandel, Joseph Antonio von, German theologian 
and author ; c/. 1771 D.Q. 

Bandelli, ]\Iatteo, Italian ecclesiastic; 14th cent. d.e. 

Bandello, Matteo, Italian novelist and poet ; 1480— 
1562 CD. E.w. 

Bandello, Vittorio de, Italian theologian, general of 
the Dominicans, and author ; 1435 — 15U6 E.U. 

Bandelloui, Luigi, Italian poet and music composer ; 

1800 D.F.K. 

Bandelmonte, Cliristofero, Ital. traveller; 1420" d.q. 



Banderali, David, professor of singing at the Conser- 
vatoire, Paris ; 1780— 1849 D.K. 
Bandettini, Teresa, Italian poetess; b. 1763 D.E, 
Bandi, Michael. Hungarian writer; 1710 ■'" E. 
Bandiera, Alessandro, Italian litterateur ; 6. 1699 u.E. 
Bandiera, Attilius, Ital. naval captain, 1817; ex. 1S44d, 
Bandiera, Benedetto, Ital. painter; 1.557—1634 b.d.t. 
Bandiera, Domenichino, Italian theologian and author; 



1630 



i.q. 



Bandiera, Emilio, Ital. naval officer, 1819; ex.1848 D. 
Bandiera, Francesco, Ital. ecclesiastic ; 18th cent. i.e. 
Bandieza. Luigi, Italian theol. and aiithor; 1660 D.I. 
Bandinelli, Baccio, Italian painter and sculptor; 1487 — 

1559 * B.CD.R.T. 

Bandinelli, Clement, Italian sculptor ; 17th cent. D. 
Bandinelli, Marco, Italian painter ; 1615* N.B. 

Bandinelli, Michel Angelo, Italian painter ; 1550 D, 
Bandini, Angelo-Maria, Italian savant, librarian at 
Florence ; 1726— 1800 D.U.W. 

Bandini, Francesco, Italian chronicler ; d. 1588 D. I. 
Bandini, Giovanni, Italian sculptor ; 1570* D. 

Bandini, Sallust, Italian jurist ; 1G77— 1760 e.u. 

Bandino, Domenico, Italian scholar and author; 1340 — 

1413* D.E. 

Banditi, Pietro, Italian lyric poet ; d. 1763 d.i. 

Bandole, Antoine, French lawyer and writer; 1609 D, 

Bandonina, or Biandonia, French nun ; 550* d. 

Bandtke, George Samuel, Polish historian and biblio- 
grapher ; 1768 — 1835 e. 

Bandtkie, Jean- Vincent, Polish i^rofessor of Roman 
law in tlie University of Warsaw, and author ; 
1783-1851 D. 

Bandiiri, Dom Anselmo, Italian Benedictine, acade- 
mician, and librarian at Paris ; 1671—1743 CR.U. 

Bane, Claudius de, • French theologian, counsellor, 
and president of Nimes ; d. 1658 jD. 

Banel, Pierre, French general ; 1766 — 1796 D. 

Baner, or Banier, Johann Gustavus, Swedish field- 
marshal ; 1596—1641 ^ K.U. 

Banes, Domingo, Spanish theologian ; d. 1604 E. 

Banes, Richard, English author ; ex. 1594 c/. 

Banez, Frater Dominicus {de Mondraijona), Spanisli 
theologian and author ; 1527 — 1604 D.E. 

Banfi, Antonio, Italian painter ; ISth cent. D.N. 

Banfi, Geronimo, Italian painter; 1700 D.N. 

Banfi, GuiHo, Hmigarian lutist, musical author, and 
adventurer ; t?. 1670* d.e. 

Banfi, Johann, Hungarian war. and palatine; d. 15-34 E. 

Banfi, Johann, Baron, Hungarian military officer ; h. 
1816 F. 

Banfi, Lucas, Hung. abp. of Gran, 1158-74 ; d. 1174 E. 

Banfield, Charles Thomas, English economist ; 1846 F. 

Bang", Frideric Ludovicus, Danish jjhysician and 
writer; 1747-1820 B.U.Vv'. 

Bang, Johann, Danish physician and professor of 
anatomy in Copenhagen ; 1737 — 1808 D. 

Bang, Johann Christian, Germ. writ. ; 1736—1803 B, 

Bang, Johann Otton, Danish theol. ; 1712—1780* D. 

Bang, Matthias, Danish prof, of philos. ; d. 1668 B. 

Bang, Niel, Danisli theol. and liist.; 1614—1676 D. 

Bang, Niel-Frederic, Danish philologist and author; 
1730 D. 

Bang, Olufhundt, Danish lawyer ; 1750 _ D. 

Bang, Oluf Lundt, Dauish doctor of medicine; 1S13^D. 

Bang, Peter, Swedish theologian and author ; 1033— 
1696 . D.E. 

Bang, Thomas, orientalist and writer of Finland; 
1600— 16G1 D.E. 

Bange, Carl-Georg, Danish moralist ; 1590 _D. 

Bangert, or Bangertus, Heinrich, German theologian 
and historian, rector of the University of Lubeck ; 
1610—1665 , '^^ 

Bangius, Thomas, Danish theologian and author; 
1600- IGGl C-fi'-P. 




BAN 



94 



BAH 



Baiiier, Luigi, French painter ; 17th cent. T. 

Banieres, French advocate, geometrician, soldier, 
poet, and comedian ; 1700*' D. 

Banim, John, Irish novelist ; 1800—1842 D. 

Banister, John, English physician, anatomist, and 
author; 1553*— 1630* c.R.u.w. 

Bani^ster, John, Eng. hot. and traveller ; 1689 ii.U. 
Banister, John, English violinist, and dii-ector of the 
chapel of Charles II. ; 1630— 1G76 d.k. 

Banister, John (the Younger), English comedian ; 
1760—1836 c.D.K. 

Banister, Eichard, English surgeon ; 1628^ d.e. 

Banister, William, English baron of the Exchequer ; 
1714 F. 

Bank-Ban, o?-Ban-Bank, Hungarian rebel; 13th cent. D. 
Banke, Richard, Eng. baron of the Exchequer; 1413 r. 
Banke, Thomas, Eng. baron of the Exchequer ; 1424 F. 
Bankert, Adrian, Dutch admiral ; d. 1684 
Bankert, Joseph van TropjDen, Dutch admiral ; d. 
1646* L.R. 

Bankes, Edward, sheriff of London ; 1563 d. 

Bankes, George, English politician ; 1788—1856 F. 
Bankes, George, Eng. baron of the Exchequer ; 1837/. 
Bankes, Henry, English author ; 1757''' — 1835 K. 

Bankes, Sir Henry, sheriff of London ; 1762 d. 

Bankes, Sir John, English lord chief justice ; 1589 — 
1644 c./.E.U. 

Bankes, Robert, English divine ; d. 1591 Q. 

Banks, John, English dramatist ; 1700 C.R.U.W. 

Banks, John, English bookseller and author; 1709 — 
1751 _ C.R.u.w. 

Banks, Sir Joseph, English naturalist and philosopher, 
president of the Royal Society ; 1740—1820 D.E.w. 
Banks, Nathaniel Prentiss, governor of Massachu- 
setts ; b. 1816 CM. 
Banks, Thomas, English sculptor ; 1735—1805 c.R. 
Banks, Thomas Christopher, Eng. geneaL; 1764—1805 
Bankwell, John de, English baron of the Exchequer ; 
1307 /. 
Bankwell, Roqcr de, English justice of the King's 
Bench ; 1341 /. 
Bannaker, Benjamin, Amer. astron. ; 1734—1807 a.d. 
Bannatyne, George, Scottish writer ; 1545—1606" R. 
Bannatyue, Sir William, Scottish advocate and 
judge ; 1744-1834 r. 
Bannelier, Jean, French jurist and writer on law ; 
1683-1766 E.U. 
Banner, Swedish general ; d. 1641 
Banner, Jacob, German phys. and author ; 1690* D.Q. 
Banner, Richard, English eccles. scholar ; 1737 K. 
Banneret, Jean, French theol. and author; 1638 d.q. 
Bannerman, Alexander, Eng. engravsr ; b. 1730 b.d. 
Bannermann, Sir Alexander, Scottish merchant and 
banker ; 1783-1864 M. 
Bannieri, Antonio, Italian singer; 1638—1740 d.k. 
Bannister, John, English comedian ; 1760—1836 R. 
Bannister, AVilliam B., American lawyer and mer- 
chant ; 1783—1853 e. 
Bannitza, Johann Peter, German jurist and author ; 
1707—1775 D.K. 
Bannitza, Joseph Leon, German counsellor of state 
and writer ; 1733—1800 D.R. 
Banno de Fennisfelel, Johann, Bohemian lavryer and 
historian ; 6. 1529 D. 
Bannus, John Albertus, Dutch musical author ; 17th 
cent. E. 
Banov, John, English physician ; 1740 d. 
Banquo, Scottish chief ; d. 1050* D.u. 
Banti, or Baudi, Georgina Brigida, Italian cantatrice ; 
1757—1806 D.R. 
Bantius, L., Roman military ofKcer ; 216 n. 
Bantrish-Kamensky, Domitrii, or Demetrius Nico- 
laivitch, Russian author : 1810 E. 
Bantrish-Kamensky, Nikolai Nickolaivitch, Russian 
archffiological writer ; 1737 — 1814 E. 
Bantry, Richard White, Earl of, Irish peer; b. 1800 F. 
Banville, Theodore de, French poet; b. 1820* F. 



Banwart, Jacob, Swedish sacred music composer ; 
d. 165(; E. 

Banyai, Steiihanus, Dutch professor ; 1738 d.r. 

Banyer, Henry, English surgeon ; 1718 D.U. 

Banzer, Mark, Avist. phys. and writer ; 1592 — 1664 E. 
Banzi, Vicenzio, Italian noble and jurist ; d. 1616 I.R. 
Baodan, king of Ireland ; 565 D.u. 

BaoitMn, Irish ecclesiastic ; d. 599 R. 

Baour, .Tean-Florent, Fr. priiiter and publisher ; 1775 D. 
Baour Lormian, Pierre-Marie-Frangois-Louis, French 
poet ; h. 1770 D. 

Bapliometus, name of a mystic personage D.R. 

Bapst, Michel, German physician, naturalist, and 
author; 1540—1603 D.U. 

Baptisatus, Bernard, French theologian ; 1416 D. 
Baptist, John, bishop of Dromore ; 1504 c. 

Baptist, John (Monnoi/er). Flemisli fruit and flower 
painter; 1635—1699 ' C.P. 

Baptist, J., engraver at Amsterdam ; 1720 b. 

Baptista, Alfonso, or Giovanni Ildefonse, Spanish 
Dominican author ; 1628 D. 

Baptista, Anselmo, Spanish theol. ; 17th cent. D.E. 
Baptista, Frade Francesco, Portuguese Augustine and 
author ; b. 1600* R. 

Baptista, Frade Joao, Portuguese Augustine mission- 
ary ; 17th cent. E. 
Baptista, Fr. Joao de S. Antonio, Portuguese theolo- 
gical writer; b. 1683 B. 
Baptista, Giovanni, Italian Jewish convert and physi- 
cian; 1500 D.Q. 
Baptista, Giuseppe, Ital. poet and theol.; d. 1675 d.q. 
Baptista, Gregory, Portuguese theologian ; 1620 D.y. 
Baptista, Hortensivis, Italian bishop ; d. 1594 D.i. 
Baptista, Jean, French music composer ; 1571 d.k. 
Baptista, Johann, German i^ainter ; 1571 R. 
Baptista, Johann, Germ, music composer; 16th cent. E. 
Baptista, Josei^li, Mexican Franciscan monk and 
author ; 1570"' D.Q. 
Baptista, Monsf eltria, Ital. nun of St Clara ; cl. 1447 E. 
Baptista, Maria, Portuguese nun ; 17th cent. D.Y. 
Baptista, Padre Joao, Portuguese philosophical 
writer; 1724 E. 
Baptista, Trovamala, Italian Minorite and author ; 
1470* E. 
Baptista, Italian scholar ; d. 1447 U. 
Baptista, servant of Dumouriez ; 1800 D. 
Baptista. See Battista. 

Baptiste, Aiue, Nicolas - Anselme, French actor ; 

1761—1835 D.E. 

Baptiste, Ambroise, Spanish monk and author ; 16th 

cent. . D.E. 

Baptiste, Anet or Baptiste, French mus. ; 1700 d.k. 

Baptiste, Cadet, Paul Eustache Anselme, French 

actor; 1766*— 1839 D.R. 

Baptiste, Louis - Albert - Friederich, German music 

comi^oser and violinist ; b. 1700 D.K. 

Baptiste, Pietro, Ital. phys. and med. wi-iter ; 1.520* D. 

Baptiste de Ferrare (Pancetius), Italian Carmelite and 

author; 1470* D. 

Baptiste de Saulis, Fr. Cordelier and author ; 1449 D. 

Baptisti, or Battisti, Pietro, Italian phys. ; 1500 D.Q. 

Baptisti, Pietro, Ital. Franciscan theologian; 1677 D.Q. 

Baptistin, Giovanni-Battista (.SYitcZ.'), Florentine music 

comijoser and virtuoso ; 1677* — 1755 D.U. 

Baptistis, Alexander de, Italian poet ; 1650 D.r. 

Baptsanski, Dedaius, Hungarian Franciscan author ; 

1700 D. 

Baquenois, Nicolas, Fr. printer and writer ; 1550 d.u. 

Baquoy, Jean Charles, Fr. engraver; 1721 — 1727 N.U. 

Baquoy, IMaurice, French engraver ; 1680—1747 N.U. 

Baquoy, Pierre Ch., Fr. engraver ; 1764—1829 B.N.R. 

Bar, Edouard I., Count of ; d. 1337 D.L. 

Bar, Edouard IIL, Count of ; d. 1415 D.L. 

Bar, Frederic, Count of ; d. 984 D.L. 

Bar, Frederic, or Ferri IL, Count of; 1000* D.L. 

Bar, Henri I., Count of ; d. 1191 D.L. 

Bar, Henri II., Count of ; d. 1240 D.L. 



BAB, 



95 



BAE, 



Bar, Henri III., Count of ; d. 1302 D.L. 

Bar, Jean cle III., sieur de ViUemenard, valet -de- 
chambre and apothecary to Charles VII. ; 1423 D. 

Bar, Louis, Count of, cardinal, bishop of Chalons-sur- 
Maine; d. 1419 D.L. 

Bar, Renaud I., Count of {le Borrjone) ; d. 1150 D.L. 

Bar, Renaud II., Count of ; d. 1110 D.L. 

Bar, Thierri, Count of; d. 1024* D.L. 

Bar, Thierri III., Count of ; 1020* D.L. 

Bar, Thibaud I., Count of ; d. 1214 d.l. 

Bar, Thibaud II., Count of ; d. 1296'- d.l. 

Bar, Ds [du Lt/s), French painter ; d. 1732 D.x. 

Bar, Adrien-Aime Fleury de, French general and 
senator; b. 1783 D.F. 

Bar, Alexander, bishop of Itloray, 1382 ; d. 1397 k. 

Bar, Frangois de, French Benedictine scholar .and 
author ; 1538— 160G D.B. 

Bar, Georges Louis, Baron de, French writer ; 1701* — 
1767 D.R. 

Bar, Jacques-Charles, Fr. scholar and author ; 1770'* D. 

Bar, Jean de, French Benedictine and theological 
writer; 1700—1765 D.U. 

Ear, Jean Etienne, French advocate ; 1748—1801 F.R. 

Bar, Louis de, French theologian ; d. 1617 D. 

Bar, Nicolas de (el Nicoletto), Fr. painter ; 1700* N.U. 

Bar, Hadbseiaba, Syrian theologian and author D. 

Bara, Barra, or Barre, Jan, Dutch painter and en- 
graver ; 1570-'-— 1634 B.R. 

Bara, Jerome, French heraldic writer ; 1510 D.Q. 

Bara, Johannes, Dutch translator ; 1660 d.q. 

Baraballi, or Baratoallo, Italian poet ; 1500* d. 

Barabant, .Jacques, Fr. flower painter; 1772—1809 U. 

Barabas, Nicholas, Hungarian painter ; h. 1810 d.f. 

Barabe, , French engraver ; 1760 B. 

Barabino, Simone, Ital. painter; 1585—1664* B.D.T. 

Barac-Hageb, Mogul sultan ; 13th cent. d. 

Baraenus, Justas, Dutch theologian ; 1600* D.Q. 

Baraga, F., lUyrian missionary d. 

Baraguay-d'Hilliers, Louis, Fr. gen. ; 1734—1812 r.u. 

Baraguay - d'HUliers, Louis, marshal of France; 
b. 1795 D.M. 

Earague, French comic author ; d. 1755 D.Q. 

Barahona, Antonius de, Spanish writer ; 1551 B. 

Barahona, Frater Petrus de Valdevieso, Spanish eccle- 
siastic ; 1575 D.R. 

Barahona-y-SotO, Luis de, Spanish poet and physi- 
cian ; 1595 D.U. 

Baraillon, Jean - Fi-ancois, French physician, anti- 
quary, and representative ; 1743 — 1816 D.R. 

Barak, judge of Israel ; B.C. 1391 d.h.u. 

Barak (Al-Hadjib), Persian founder of the dynasty 
of Kara-Khitayans ; ci. ll'35 D.R. 

Barak Kiian, or Barak-Oglan iOian, prince of Zajatai ; 
d. 1270 D.R. 

Barale, Joffroy de, French poet ; 13th cent. D. 

Baralt, Eaftael-Maria, Span. Amer. writer; 6. 1804 d.f. 

Baran, Henri de, French poet ; 1550 d.q. 

Baranius, Francesco, Ital. lawyer and author ; 1650 D. Q. 

BaranofF, Nicolas von, German painter ; b. 1810 F. 

Baranov, Alexander Andreevitch, Russian governor 
and traveller ; 1746—1819 D.R. 

Baranovitcli, Lazar, Russian archbishop of Tcher- 
nigov ; d. 1693 D.e.R. 

Baranowski, Albert (Baranovius) , archbishop of 
Gniezno, and author ; d. 1615 q.r. 

Baranowski, or Baranovius, Stanislas, Polish writer ; 
17th cent. q.r. 

Barante, Amable-Guillaiime-Prosper Brugi^re, Baron 
de, Fr. statesman and author ; b. 1782, d. 1866D.F.M. 

Barante, Claude Ignace Brugiere de, French author ; 
1670—1745 D. 

Barante, Claude Ignace Brugifere de, French writer ; 
1755—1814 D.R. 

Barany, George, Hungarian translator and theolo- 
gian ; 1710 D.Q. 

Barany, Johaun, Hungarian translator of the Bible ; 
b. 172G K. 



Baranyi, Paul, Hungarian Jesuit and autlior ; 1700 d.q. 

Baranzano (Redemptus), Italian Barnabite and pro- 
fessor of philosophy ; 1590—1622 c.D.R. 

Baras, Marc Antoine, Fr. advocate ; 1764—1794 iji.u. 

Barat, Nicolas, French orientalist ; d. 1706 q.r. 

Barata, Manuel, Portuguese ornamental writer; d. 
1572 D. 

Barateau, Emile, French litterateur ; b. 1792 f. 

BarateUa, Antonio Lauregio, Ital. poet ; d. 1448 D.R. 

Baratier, Francois, French fabulist and polygrapher ; 
1682-1751 ° ^-D.q. 

Baratier, Jean Philippe, French Enfant cclebre, philo- 
logist ; 1721-1740 c.d.r.w. 

Baraton, French writer ; d. 1725* d.E. 

Baratta, Eumene, Italian sculptor ; 6. 1825 f. 

Baratta, Francesco, Italian sculptor ; d. 1666 n.r, 

Baratta, Francesco, Ital. hist, painter ; b. 1805" D.P.N. 

Baratta, Giovanni, Italian sculptor ; 1670* d.n. 

Barrata, .Johann, Prussian painter ; d. 1687 n.r. 

Baratta, Pietro, Italian sculptor ; 17th cent. d.n. 

Baratti, Antonio, Italian designer and engraver; b. 
1726 B.D.N. 

Baratti, Jacopo, Italian traveller ; 1650 d.q. 

Barattieri, Bartolomeo, Italian jurist ; 16th cent. i.R. 

Barattieri, Carlo, Count, savant and philosopher ; 
1738—1806 R.u. 

Barattieri, Francesco, Italian lawyer and author ; 
1738-1806 D.T. 

Barattieri, Giovanni, Italian diplomatist ; 1332 i.e. 

Barattieri, Ottavio, Italian poet ; 1700 d.i. 

Barattieri, Pietro, Italian jiidge ; 13th cent. I.E. 

Baratto, Paolo, Italian jurist ; 1522 LR. 

Baraty^ski, Jesgenij Ab., Russian poet ; d. 1S44 d.f. 

Baraudie, Le, Florentine engraver ; 1633 E. 

Baravalle, Christophoro del Mondovi, Italian medical 
teacher ; 1550 d.r. 

Earaze, Cyprien, French missionary to Central 
America, and martyr ; d. 1702 d.r. 

Barba, Alvarez Alonzo, Spanish priest and metallur- 
gist ; 1720 C.D.R.W. 

Barba, Antonio, Italian physician ; 1800 D. 

Barba, Genario del, Italian painter ; 1680" D.T. 

Barba, Giovanni, Ital. advocate and bishop; (^.1749 D.Q. 

Barba, Gustavo, French editor ; b. 1805^'' F. 

Barba, .Juan Sanchez, Spanish sculptor; d. 1670 N.R. 

Barba, Pedro, Spanish phys. to Philip IV. ; 1621 D.R.u. 

Barba, Pompeo della, Italian m.d. and philosopher ; 
1520—1582 D.R. 

Barba, Simone della, Italian savant ; 1554 Q.K. 

Barba, Thomas, Dominican and author 

Barba Piccola, Josepha-Eleonora, Italian scholar ; 
1700 i.Q. 

Barbacena, Feliberto Caldierra Brant, Marquis of, 
Brazilian marshal and senator ; 1772 — 1842 D.u. ^ ^. 

Barbadillo, Alfonzo ffierenimo-de Salas, Spanish poet , • 
and dramatist ; 1580*— 1630 C.D.R.W. 

Barbadino, Portuguese scholar ; 1750 d.y. 

Barbadori, Donato, Italian patriot ; d. 1379 d.r. 

Barbadori, Nicola, Italian patriot ; 1430 R.u. 

Barbadoro, Bartolomeo, Italian writer and scholar ; 
1545 6.R. 

BarbagaHo, Benedetto, Sicilian jurist and writer; 
1609—1699 i.K- 

Barbalho Bezerra, Agostinho, Brazilian trav. ; 1667 d. 

BarbalUDga, Antonio Ricci, Italian painter; 1600— 
1649 B.T. 

Barbancois, Charles, marquis de Helior, French agri- 
culturalist and economist ; 1760 — 1822 D.F.R. 

Barban^oa, Marie de, French heroine ; d. 15C0 D. 

Barbanegre, Joseph, Baron, French general; 1792 — 
1830 DF-U- 

Barbant, Charles, English music composer and or- 
ganist ; d. J 700 -,,7^o'^' 

Barbantini, Nicola, Italian military surgeon ; 1762— 
1 830 K. 

Barbar, Thomas, English Puritan divine ; 1591 q. 

Barbara, St, Christian martyr ; 235 »• 



BAH 



96 



BAR 



Barbara, consort of Henry XL, duke of (ilogau ; 

1464—1510 n. 

Barbara, Louis Charles, Frencli novelist ; b. 1822 f. 
Barbara, Ea(lzi■^vilow^la, emiiss. of Poland ; d. 1551 E. 
Barbaraci, Gactauo, Italian ecclesiastic and scliolar ; 

17th cent. I.Q. 

Barbarano, Francesco, Italian theologian ; d. 1056 i.Q. 
Barbarano, Giulio, Italian philosopher and jurist ; 

1560 R. 

Barbarasa, Herculeo, Italian scholar ; 1540 n.i. 

Barbari, or Barbaro, Giuseppe Antonio, Italian 

mathematician ; 1647 — 1702^' R. 

Barbarigo, Agostino, doge of Venice, 1486 ; d. 

1501 H.E.U. 

Barbarigo, G iovanni-Francosco, amha ssador of Venice, 

cardinal and bishop of Padua ; 1658— 17o0 D.U. 
Barbarigo, Gregorio, cardinal and bishop of Padua; 

1625—1697 D.E.u. 

Barbarigo, Nicola, Venetian ambassador; d. 157t) E.u. 
Earbarini, Italian painter ; 1820 N. 

Barbarino, Bartolomeo {II Pesarino), Italian com- 
poser of madrigals ; 1600'' R. 
Barbarinus, or Barbarino, Julio, Ital. writ. ; 1560 d.i. 
Barbaro, Antonio, Ital. poet and lawyer ; 1750 D.I. 
Barbaro, Antonio-Tommaso, Italian polygrapher ; 

1738 D.Q. 

Barbaro, Daniello, of Venice, patriarch of Aquileia, 

and author ; 1513—1570 D.e.av. 

Barbaro, Ermolao or Hermolaus, Venetian scholar, 

bishop of Verona, and author ; 1410" — 1471 D.W. 
Barbaro, Ermolao, of Venice, jiatriarch of Aquileia, 

savant, and author ; 1454—141)5 n.R. 

Barbaro, Francesco, Venetian nobleman and littei'a- 

teur ; 1398—1454 C.D.R.W. 

Barbaro, Josafat, Venetian traveller and author ; 

d. 1494 I.R. 

Earbarossa, Hayadin, Turkish corsair ; d. 1518 R. 
Barbarossa, Horac, Turkish corsair ; (/. 1546 R. 

Barbarossa,Paolo-Em., Ital. mystic poet; cZ. 1614 i.q. 
Barbaroux, Chaides- Joseph-Maria, French represen- 
tative ; 1767—1794 D.u. 
Barbaroux, Charles Oger, French magistrate and 

senator ; h. 1792 F. 

Barbarus, consul of Home ; 157 h. 

Barbary. See Babylone. 

Barbat, Louis, French author and lithog. ; h. 1820 F. 
Barbatelli, Bernardino {PoircMi), Italian painter ; 

1542—1612 B.u. 

Barbato, Bartolomeo, Italian -nTiter ; 1628 I.R. 

Barbato, Jerome, Ital. phys. and author ; 1660 q.r. 
Barbato, Oratio, Ital. doctor and author ; 1630 Q.R. 
Barbato, Petronio, Italian i^oet ; d. 1554 I.K. 

Barbato de Sulmoae, Marco, Italian orator and poet ; 

14th cent. D. 

Barbatus, L. Horatius, Eoman consular tribune ; 

B.C. 425 D.u.x. 

Barbatus, L. Horatius, consul of Rome ; 449 H. 

Barbatus, T. Quintius, Roman consul ; B.C. 471 H. 
Barbauld, Anna Letitia, Eng. poetess ; 1745 — 1825 D. R. 
Barbauld, .John, French architect ; 18th cent. u. 

Barbault, painter and engraver at Rome ; 1760 B.N. 
Barbault, Antoine Francois, French surgeon and 

writer ; 1705 — 1784 D.R. 

Barbault-Rayer, P. F., Negro revolutionist of .St 

Domingo, and aixthor in France ; 1792 d.r. 

Barbavara, Giusejipe, Italian jurist ; d. 1721 i.k. 
Earbavara, Luigi, Ital. mathematician ; d. 1638 I.R. 
Barba-vara, Marco, Italian jurist ; (/. 1552 ];. 

Barbavara, Marco Maria, Italian theologian, jurist, 

and autlior ; d. 1715 ]).i. 

Barbasan, Arnold-Guilhem de, Fr. general ; d. 1432 k. 
Barbazan, Etienne, French scliolar and author ; 

1096—1770 c.D.R.w. 

Barbazza, Andrea, Count, Italian poet and prose 

writer; 1582—1656 X>.i. 

Barbe, saint and martyr of Heliopolis ; 306"- D. 

Barbe [Esther), queen of Poland, 1512 ; d. 1525 D. 



Barbe, Flemish engraver ; b. 1585* B. 

Barbe, French Lazarist and preacher ; 1700 D. Q. 

Barbe, Gregoire-AuguRte, French captain of infantry ; 
1813 D. 

Barbe, N., French officer; d. 179S D. 

Barbe, Philippe, French ecclesiastic and author; 
1723—1792 D.R. 

Barbe, Radziwill, queen of Poland ; d. 1551* D. 

Barbe-Marbois, Francois, Marquis of, French states- 
man, magistrate, and author; 1745 — 1837 D.R. 

Barbeau d"e la Bruyere, Jean-Louis, French littera- 
teur ; 1710-1781 C.R.U.W. 

Barbedette-Chermelais, Joseph Jean, French advo- 
cate and author ; 1784—1826 D.R. 

Barbedienne, Ferdinand, French reproducer in bronze 
of chefs-d'oeuvre and statuary ; b. 1805"' F. 

Barbeiri, Francesco (IC Legano), Italian painter ; 
1623—1698 B.D.R.T. 

Barbeiri, Giovanni Angelo, Italian singer and music 
composer ; 1650 R. 

Barbeiri, Luigi, Italian painter; 17th cent. n.e. 

Barbeiri, Paolo Antonio, Italian painter ; 1596 — 
1640 or 9 B.D.R.T. 

Barbello, Gio-Jacopo, of Cremona, painter ; 1590— 

1656 B.D.T. 

Barber, Francis, faithful negro servant of Dr Samuel 
Johnson ; d. 1801 C 

Barber, Francis, officer of the American revolutionary 
army; 1751—1783 e. 

Barber, John, Eng. scholar and author ; d. 1549* R. 

Barber, John, sheriff of London, 1729 ; lord mayor, 
1732 d. 

Barber, John, American author ; b. 1798 a. 

Barber, Mary, English autlioress ; 1712---— 1757 R. 

Barberan, Antonio, Spanish theologian R. 

Barbereau, Fr. phys. and alchemist ; 17th cent. D. 

Barbereau, IMathurin Auguste Balthazar, French 
music composer ; b. 1799 D.P.K. 

Barberet, Denis, French x^hysieian and naturalist ; 
1714—1780 D.R. 

Barberetti, Julio-Cesar, Italian lutist and music 
writer ; 1570'- D.K. 

Barberi, Antonio, Ital. archt. and engraver; 1690 d.n. 

Barberi, Giovanni, Roman paint, and archt. ; 1786 d.n. 

Barberi, Giovanni-Antonio, Ital. phys. ; d. 1666 D.I, 

Barberi, Marco Aurelio, Italian jurist ; 1600 I.R. 

Barberi, Filippo del, Ital. theol. and author ; 1481 D. 

Barberi, Francesco, Roman jurist ; 1799 ' E.U, 

Barberini, or Barberino, Antonio [II Vecchio), Italian 
cardinal and theological writer ; 1569 — 1646 D.I. 

Barbeilni, Antonio, cardinal, archbishop of Rheims, 
and ambassador ; 1608 — 1671 i.Q. 

Barberini, Fra Bonaventura, archbishop of Ferrara ; 
1674—1743 B. 

Barberini, Giovanni -Battista, Ital. sculptor ; d. 1666 D. 

Barberini, Matfeo. See Urban Vlil. 

Barberino, Francesco de, Italian poet and jurist ; 
1264—1348 c.D.R.w, 

Barberino, Francesco, ItaL cardinal ; 1597—1679 E.u. 

Barberio, Faliio, Neapolitan fihj'sician and philoso- 
pher ; 17th cent. K. 

Barberio, or Barbieri, Giuseppe di S. Elia, Neapoli- 
tan jurist and poet ; 1070 R.U. 

Barberius, Luigi-JMaria, Italian pliysician and author ; 
1680 D.I. 

Barbes, Armand, French insurrectionist, colonel, and 
representative ; b. 1810 D.M. 

Barbesieux, Louis Francois Marie le Sellier, Marquis 
of, French diplomatist ; 1668 — 1701 E.U. 

Earbet, Auguste, French economist ; b. 1800* F. 

Barbet, Henri, French peer ; b. 1790* F. 

Barbeta, Joliann, Hungarian historian ; 17th cent. D. 

Barbette, Paul, Dutch m.d., surgeon, and author ; b. 
1623* E.w. 

Barbetti, Angelo, French wood carver; b. 1803 D.F. 

Earbetto, Giovanni-Battista di.^aluzzo, Italian theolo- 
gian and orator ; 17th cent. E. 



BAB 



97 



BAR 



Bartoeu-Dubourg, Jacques, French botanist, m.d., and 
author; 1709—1799 c.d.e.w. 

Barbey d'Aurevilly, Jules, French jovirnalist and 
novelist ; b. 1811 F. 

Bartoey, Marc le, French physician ; d. IGOO* D. 

Barbeyrac, Charles, French physician, and professor 
of medicine; 1629—1699 c.d.e.w. 

Barbeyrac, Jean, professor of public law at Gronin- 
gen and writer ; 1674—1744 C.E.D.W. 

BarbianEt Belgiojoso, Emilio, Ital. prince ; b. 1800 f. 
Barbianl, Andrea, Italian painter ; 1680*— 1754 b.d. 
Barbiani, Giambattista, Ital. painter ; d. 1650 b.d.t. 
Barbiani, jMarcello-Vestrio, Italian orator and author; 
1600 D.I. 

Barbiani, Ottaviana, Italian advocate and author ; d. 
1572* I.E. 

Barbiano, Alberic I. , Count cf , constable of jSTaples ; 
d. 1409 D.E. 

Barbiano, Alberic II., Count of ; 1424 d.e. 

Barbiano, Giovanni, Italian conspirator and assassin ; 
d. 1401 D.E. 

Barbie du Socage, Jean Denis, French professor of 
geography ; 1760—1825 E. 

Barbier, Antoiue -'Alexandre, French librarian and 
bibliographer; 1765—1825 E.U.w. 

Barbier, Edmond-Jean, French lawyer and author ; 
1636—1735 D. 

Barbier, Edmond-Jean-FranQois, French advocate and 
journalist ; 1689—1771 D. 

Barbier, Fran9ois de Sales, French theologian and 
author; 1759 — 1824 D. 

Barbier, Henri- Auguste, French satiric poet ; 1805 d. 
Barbier, Hippolyte, French ecclesiastic and biographer ; 
6. 1805* F. 

Barbier, Jean-Baptiste-Gregoire, French physician, 
botanist, and author ; 1800 D. 

Barbier, Louis (Abbe de la Riviere), Fi-ench ecclesias- 
tic ; d. 1670 D.E. 
Barbier, Marc-Antoine, French Latin poet ; 1640 D. 
Barbier, Marie-Anne, Fr. authoress ; d. 1742 or 5 c.d.e. 
Barbier, Nicolas Alexandre, Fr. painter ; 6. 1800* F. 
Barbier, Nicolas Louis, French librarian ; b. 1798 F. 
Barbier, Paul Jules, French dramatist ; b. 1822 F. 
Barbier, Pierre-Frangois, French musician and com- 
poser; 1793—1839 D.K. 
Barbier d'Aucourt, Jean, French academician, anti- 
Jesuit ■writer ; 1641 — 1694 C.E.u. 
Barbier-Vemars, Joseph-Nicolas, French philologist 
and author ; b. 1775 D. 
Barbier-Walbonne, Jacques Luc, French historic^ 
and portrait painter ; b. 1769 B. 
Barbiere, Domenico del (Domcnico Fiorentino), Italian 
painter, sculptor, and engraver; 6. 1506* N.E.T. 
Barbieri, Alessandro, Bolognese writer ; 1665* i.e. 
Barbieri, Alessandro, Italian sculptor ; 17th cent. D. 
Barbieri, Cav. Gio. Francesco (II Guercino da Cento), 
Italian painter ; 1590—1666 I.E.T. 
Barbieri, Giovanni - Maria, Italian philologist and 
author; 1519 — 1574 D.u, 
Barbieri, Giuseppe, Italian philologist and author ; 
1519—1574 E.U. 
Barbieri, Ludovico, Italian painter and engraver; 
1660—1704 D. 
Barbieri, Pier Antonio, Ital. painter; 1G63— 1704 d.t. 
Barbieri, Vincenzio, Italian abbot and poet d. 
Barbieri, Vittorio, Italian sculptor ; 1710* d.n. 
Barbiers, Bartholomeus, Dutch landscape painter; 
18th cent. K, 
Barbiers, Pieter, Dutch scenic artist ; 1717—1780 k.e. 
Barbiers, Pieter Bartsz, Dutch historical and land- 
scape painter ; 1772-1823* d.e. 
Sarbiers, Pieters Zoon, Dutch landscape painter : 
6. 1749 D.' 
Barbillus, Ptoman astrologer ; 1st cent. d.x. 
Bar bin, Francois, French writer; 1680* d.Q. 
Barbin, Jean, French advocate and king's counsel in 
the Parhament ; b. 1406 D. 



Barbin, Jean, French reformed minister ; 1680 D.Q. 
Barbingant, Fr. musician and composer ; 1420* D. K. 
Barbion, Eustache, French musician and composer; 
16th cent. d.k, 

Barbisone, Lodovico, Italian jurist ; IGth cent. d.e. 
Barbo, Barnaba, Ital. jurist and senator ; d. 1701 I.E. 
Barbo, Giovanni-Battista, Italian poet; 1614 I.U. 

Barbo, Luigi, Italian bishop of Trevisa and historian ; 
1381—1443 D. 

Barbo, Luigi, Italian jurist ; 1580 d. 

Barbo, Maria, Ital. dipl., bp., and cardinal ; 1480* D. 
Barbo, Paolo, Venetian diplomatist and orator ; 
1415-1464 D.i.u. 

Barbo, Paolo, Italian Dominican and philosopher ; d. 
1494 or 9 e.u. 

Barbo, Pietro, Ital. jurist and podesta; ff.l479or82 i.e. 
Barbo Soncino, or Barbuo, Scipio, Italian doctor of 
laws and author ; 1.570 e.o. 

Barbolani, Blarquis Torquato, Italian military officer 
and writer ; 1700* — 1756 v,. 

Br rbolano, doge of Venice ; 1026-31 
Barbone, .Jacopo, Italian painter ; 1680 D. 

Barboni, Blatteo, Ital. painter and engraver ; 1810 D. 
Barbosa, Agastinha, de Sylva, Portuguese authoress ; 
1674 E. 

Barbosa, Agustino, Portuguese Jesuit, bishop of 
Ugento ; lo90— 1649 _ c.e.e.u.w. 

Barbosa, Antonio, Portugiiese Jesuit and missionary 
to Cochin China ; 17th cent. E. 

Barbosa, Arius, Portuguese philologist and poet ; 
1460—1530 c.D.E.w.Y. 

Barbosa, D. Caetano (Constantino), Portuguese eccle- 
siastic and jireacher ; b. 1660 D.E. 
Barbosa, Edoardo, Portuguese geographer and tra- 
veller ; 1480—1521 E.u. 
Barbosa, Em., Portuguese lawyer ; 16th cent. C.D.Q. 
Barbosa, Joze, Portuguese theologian and royal 
historiographer; 1674—1750 E.u. 
Barbosa, Pedro, chancellor of Portugal ; cZ. 1606 Q.E.U. 
Barbosa, P. Domingos, Portuguese poet ; 6.1610 D.E.Y. 
Barbosa, P. Domingos, Brazilian Jesuit and poet ; d. 
1685 D.E.Y 
Barbosa, Simon Vaz, Portuguese ecclesiastic, jurist, 
and author ; 1600* D.E.E. 
Barbosa, Vicenta, Portuguese theologian and author; 
1663—1711 D.u.Y. 
Barbosa - Barcellar, Antonio, Portuguese poet and 
scholar; d. 1663 D.E.Y. 
Barbosa - Macliado, Diogo, Portuguese academician 
and author : 1682— 1770 d.e.u.y. 
Barbosa-Machado, Ignacio, Portuguese ecclesiastic 
and historian ; 1586—1634 D.l.B. 
Barbose, Duarte, Portuguese navigator ; d. 1521* D. 
EarbOt, James, English traveller ; 1699 p.Q.U. 
Barbot, Jean, French navigator and inspector in the 
West Indies D-B- 
Barbot, Marie-Etienne, Viscount, French general; 
1770-1839 D. 
Barbot, Pierre, French painter ; b. 1798 F. 
Barbot, Prosper, French painter ; b. 1798 D.N. 
Barbotan, Claii-e- Joseph, Count of, French general ; 
1719—1794 D.F. 
Barbou,Fr. family of printers; 16th— 19th cent, d.e.u. 
Barbou, Descouriers Gabriel, French military officer ; 
1761—1816 or 27 D.u. 
Barbou, Hugo, French printer; d. 1808 D.G. 
Barbou, Hugues, French printer ; 1539 D-G- 
Barbou, Jean, French printer ; d. 1752^ G.E. 
Barbou, Joseph, French in-inter ; d. 1737 _ g.e. 
Barbou, Joseph Gerard, French classical prmter; 
1715—1813 ^-^ 
Barbour, I. James, American senator, governor ot 
Virginia ; 1775-1842 ^iQir."' 
Barbour, John, Scottish chronicler and poet ; 13ib — 
1395* . C.D.E.W. 
Barbour, John S., American representative; 1790— 
1855 ^• 

G 



BAR 



98 



BAH 



Barbour, Oliver Lorenzo, American jurist ; 6. 1811 a. 

BarTooiur, Phil. N. , Anier. military officer ; 1817 — 1846 e. 

Barbour, Philip Pendleton, American jurist and poli- 
tician ; 1783—1841 _ e. 

Barbour, Thomas, American military officer ; 1735* — 
1825 _ A.c.R. 

Barbovius, Blarco- Antonio, Italian philosopher and 
physician ; d. 1537 D. 

Barbud, early Persian musician D.K.N. 

Barbugli, Demetrius, Ital. Jesuit and theol. ; 1720 D.Q. 

Barbula, or Barbulus, Roman partisan of Marc An- 
thony; B.C. 43 D.H.X. 

Barbula, L. iEmilius, Eoman general and consul; 

B.C. 281 D.H.X. 

Barbula, Q. iEmilius, Roman consul ; B.C. 317 D.H.X. 

Barbuo Soncino. See Barbo Soncino. 

Barbuot, Jean, French physician and author ; 1630 — 

1665 D.Q, 

Barbus, Marco, Ital. cardinal and author ; d. 1490 D.I. 
Barbus, Paolo {Sonciaas), Italian philosopher and 

author ; d. 1494 D. 

Barbuto, Rustico, Italian poet ; 1290" e. 

Barca, Alessandro, Italian chemist and natural philo- 
sopher ; 1741— 1814 D.R. 
Barca, Francisco. Portuguese ecclesiastic and musi- 
cian; 1625 K.ii. 
Barca, Giambattista, Veronese painter; 1650 b.d.t. 
Barca, Giusei^pe, Italian general ; 1620 i.Q. 
Barca, Petro Antonio, Italian engineer ; 1020 n.r. 
Barca, Don Vicente Calderon de la, Spanish painter ; 

1762—1794 B.D.N. 

Barca de Astorga, Pedro, Spanish physician and 

author ; 1660 D.Q. 

Barcali (Mohammed- Ben- Pir- Alt), Mohammedan 

theologian ; 16th cent. D. 

Barcella, Lodovico da Chiari, Italian general of the 

Gerominians ; d. 1522 E. 

Barcellon, Juan, Spanish engraver; d. 1780 D.N. 

Barcellona, Antonio dell' Oratorio, Italian theatrical 

writer ; 1726—1805 D.R. 

Barcellos, Fr. Francisco de, Portuguese ecclesiastic 

and i^oet ; d. 1750 D.R. 

Barcelonata,Ugone de, Italian theologian and preacher; 

b. 1230* D. 

Barcelos, Pedro, Portuguese genealogist ; d. 1340 D. 
Barcena, Alfonso, Si^anish missionary and author ; 

1528—1598 D,E. 

Bar-Cepha, Moses, Syrian bishop ; d. 913'- d. 

Barcham, John, English theologian, antiquary, and 

historian ; 1572—1642 E.U.w. 

Barcbetta, Andrea, Italian sculptor ; 17th cent. N.E. 
Barcbewitz, Arnst Christophe, German traveller ; 

1711 D.Q. 

Barchiello, Dominico, Florentine poet ; d. 1448 D.i. 
Barcbocliebas, fanatical leader of the Jews; d.lZo D. 
Barcbou de Penboen, Auguste Theodore Hilaire, 

Bai'on, French author ; 1801 — 1855 d.f. 

Barcbusen, or Eackhausen, Johann Conrad, German 

physician, professor of chemistry, and philosophical 

writer ; 1666— 1723 C.d.r. 

Barcia, Andrea Gonzalez de, Spanish hist.; 1740 R.u. 
Barcinonensis, Joannes Franciscus, Spanish historian ; 

15th cent. r. 

Barclay, Alex., monk of Ely and poet ; d. 1552 c.R. 
Barclay, Alexander Charles, Eng. politician ; 6. 1823 
Barclay, Captain, English pedestrian ; 1809 
Barclay, Dav., Scottish military officer; 1610—1686 E. 
Barclay, George, Scottish partisan of James II. e. 
Barclay, Henry, American missionary; c/. 1765 a.D.R. 
Barclay, James, English divine and author ; 1763 w. 
Barclay, John, English political and Latin writer ; 

1.582—1621 . C.R.U. 

Barclay, John, Scottish physician ; 1614 d. r. 

Barclay, John, Scottish founder of the sect called 

Bereans, or Barclayans ; 1734 — 1798 E. 

Barclay, John, English naval officer ; 1735*— 1823 R. 
Barclay, John, Scotch phys. and writer ; 1800 w. 



Barclay, J. T. , American missionary and author ; 

h. 1807 a. 

Barclay, Robert, Scottish Quaker writer ; 1648— 

1690 C.D.E.W. 

Barclay.Robert, British military officer ; 1774—1811 E. 

Barclay, Thomas, Scottish writer ; 1582 — 1621 d.e.w. 

Barclay, AVilliam, Scottish professor of civil law in , 
France ; 1541 — 1605* c.D.R.w. 

Barclay de Tolly, Ludwig, Scottish religious writer ; 
1639— 1G87 R. 

Barclay de Tolly, Prince Michael, Russian field- 
marshal ; 1755 or 9— 1818 D.E. 

Barco, Alonso del, Spanish landscape painter ; 1645 — 
1685 B.E. 

Barco-Centenera, D. Martinus del, Spanish soldier and 
writer ; 1600* E. 

Barco, Juan Rodriguez Garcia del, Spanish jjainter ; 
15th cent. R. 

Barcocbebas, or Barcochab, Jewish pretended Mes- 
siah c.p. 

Barcos, Martin de, Fr. Jansenist ; 1600-1678 c.R.u. 

Bard, John, American physician ; 1716 — 1799 a.D.e.E. 

Bard, .Joseph, French litterateur ; 6. 1800 F. 

Bard, Samuel, American physician and writer ; 1 742— 
1821 A. a. c.R. 

Bardaji y Azara, Don Eusebio de, Spanish statesman ; 
1765—1844 D. 

Bardanes {Philippicus), emperor of Cherson, 711 ; 
d. 713 u. 

Bardas, patriarch of Constantinople, 842 ; d. 866 D.E. 

Bardas-Pbocas, Greek general ; d. 989 E.O. 

Bardas-Sclerus, Greek general ; (/. 990 R.U. 

Barde, Jean de la, marquis de MaroUes, French diplo- 
matist and writer ; 1600—1692 c.d.e. 

Barde, Vicomte de, French painter of natural history ; 

1817 D.N. 

Bardelby, Robert de, archdeacon of Middlesex, lord 
chancellor, 1323 ; d. 1372 f.p. 

Bardeleben, Kurt von, Germ, politician ; b. 1796 d.f. 

Bardelli, Alessandro diPescia, Ital. i^ainter; c/.16."53 d.t. 

Bardenfletb, Carl Emil, Danish politician ; b. 1807 F. 

Bardesanes, Syrian heresiarch and writer ; 2ud cent. ; 

c.R.u. 

Bardet, Pierre, French advocate ; 1591 — 1685 D.R. 

Bardet de ViUeneuve, P. P. A., French military 
writer; 18th cent. R.U. 

Bardi, Andrea, Florentine poet ; 100* B. 

Bardi, Dea de', Ital. nun and poetess ; 13th cent. I.u. 

Bardi, Ferdinando, Italian diplomatist and author ; 
d. 1680 R.U. 

Bardi, Francesco, Ital. Jesuit and inquisitor ; d. 1661 R. 

Bardi, Geronimo, Italian priest, i^hysician, and author ; 
1603—1670 D.u. 

Bardi, Giovanni, Italian Camaldule and scholar; 
1544—1594 U. 

Bardi, Giovanni, Italian academician dc la Crusca, 
and author ; 1600 K.R. 

Bardi, Girolamo, Ital. philos. and author; d. 1667 E.u. 

Bardi, Lorenzo, Italian philos. andaiithor; 16.50 I.Q. 

Bardi, Mirello- Antonio del, Ital. sculptor ; 1570* D.N. 

Bardi, Pietro, count of Vernio, Italian litt.; 1640 I.E. 

Bardi, Roberto de, Ital. divine and scholar; d. 1349 R. 

Bardili, Burckhardi, German jurist; 17th cent. D.Q. 

Bardili, Christoph Gottfried, German philosopher; 
1761—1808 R.U. 

Bardili, Johann Wendel, German writer; d. 1740 D.Q. 

Bardin, French representative ; b. 1794 r. 

Bardin, Etienne-Alexandre, French general and mili- 
tary writer ; 1774— 1840 F.u. 

Bardin, Guillaume, French counsellor of the Parlia- 
ment ; 15th cent. R.U. 

Bardin, Jean, French hist, painter; 1732—1809 C.N.R. 

Bardin, Pierre, French jurist ; 1420 CD. 

Bardin, Pierre, Frencli academician and author ; 
1590—1637 R.U.W. 

Bardini, Francesco, Italian writer ; 1560 I.Q. 

Bardisanes, Babylonian historian ; 2nd cent. D. 



BAR 



99 



BAR 



Bardolf, Hugh, English judge ; 1189 /. 

Eardolini, Matteo, Italian geographer ; 1520 D.i. 

Bardoa, Michel Francois d' Andre, French pjiinter, 

engraver, and author ; 1700—1783 D.N. 

Bardon de BruH,' Bernard, French priest and dra- 
matic author ; d. 1625 D. R 
Bardou, French actor : 1800 D 
Bardou, Emanuel, German sculptor N. R. 
Bardou, Jean, French priest, historian, and romance 

writer; 1729—1803 d.r. 

Bardou, Jean Jacques David, Fr. prelate ; 6. 1798 F. 
Bardou, Oscar Fransois, French comedian ; h. 1804 F. 
Bardozzi, Johanu, Hungarian savant and historian ; 

1738—1819 E.U. 

Bardsley, Sir James Lomax, English physician and 

medical wiiter ; h. 1801 M. 

Bardsley, Samuel Argent, English physician and 

writer ; 18th cent. W. 

Bardua, Caroline, German painter; 1821 D.N. 

Bardwell, Thomas, Eng. portrait painter ; d. 1773 B. c. 
Bardy, Jean, French noble, victim of the lie volution; 

1709—1794 R. 

Bardylis, or Bardyllis, Illyrian chieftain ; 4th cent. 

B.C. R.U.X. 

Eardzinski, Jan [Alanus], Polish Dominican and 

writer ; d. 1705 B.U. 

Bare, or Baret, Fr. adventuress and trav.; h. 1741 R.u. 
Barebone, or Barbone, Praise-God, English member 

of Commonwealth Parliament ; rf. 1680 B.W. 

Barella, Augustino, Italian architect ; 1670" d.n. 
Barella, Cristoforo, Italian theologian ; 1658 I.Q. 

Barella, Giovanni-Battista, Italian Jesuit and author; 

d. 1687 I.R. 

Barellas, F. Stephanus, Spanish ecclesiastic and 

historian; 16th cent. D.R. 

Barelli, Francesco-Luigi, Italian monk and biographer ; 

d. 1725 I.Q. 

Barenger, Andre-Thomas, French theol.; 1080 d.q. 
BarengM, Giovanni, Italian astronomer; 1620 i.q. 
Barenius, George, Swedish gram. ; 18th cent. d.q. 
Earent, Dieterico, Italian painter, scholar of Titian T. 
Barent de Dowe, Bernard (IlSurdo), painter; 1534* B. 
Earentin, Charles-Louis-Fran^ois de Paule de, French 

jurist and author ; 1738—1819 F.R. 

Earentin, Louis de Barentin de Montchal, Viscount, 

Fr. general, geog., and author; 1737 — 1824 D.R. 
Barentin-Montchal, Madame de, Fr. moraUst ; 1800 D. 
Barentine, Drew, sheriff of London, 1393; mayor, 1398 

and 1408 d. 

Barentzen, Thierry (Bernard Dirk), Dutch painter; 

1534—1592 B.N.R. 

Barentzen, Willem, Duteli navigator ; 1594-96 q.r. 
Earere de Vieuzac, Bertrand, French litterateur and 

politician; 1755—1841 D.P. 

Eareste, Eugene, French litterateur ; h. 1814 F. 

Baret, J., French mathematician, professor, and 

author ; d. 1814 D. 

Baret, Jacques de la Galanderie, French jurist and 

author; 1599—1650 D.R. 

Baret, Jean, Fr. magistrate and author ; b. 1511 D.R. 
Baret, Nicolas, French publicist ; d. 1799 d.f. 

Baret, Kent^, French veterinary writer ; 1658 D.Q. 
Bareta, Rodriano, Ital. music composer ; 1590 d.k. 
Baretti, Giuseppe, Italian poet and lexicographer ; 

1716—1789 c.d.r.w. 

Bareuth, or Bareitll, Frederica-Sophia Wilhelmina, 

margravme of, daughter of William I. of Prussia; 

1709—1758 R.U. 

Barezzi, or Barezzo, Italian printer, scholar, and 

author; 1605 D.I. 

Barezzi, or Baretius, Francesco, Italian theologian 

and author ; 1616 I.Q. 

Barezzi, Stefano, Italian painter ; 1830 D. 

Barfknecht.Christopher, German author and preacher; 

1657-1739 D.Q. 

Barfkovius, Johann, German author and preacher; 

1720 D.Q. 



Barford, Paul-Frederic, Danish publicist and poet; 

0, loll D.F 

Barford, Will., Eng. savant and divine ; d. 1792 e.g. 

Barfuss, Johann Albrecht Graf von, Prussian military 
commander and governor of Berlin; 1031—1704 D.R. 

Earg^us, Petrus Angelicus, Ital. traveller ; d. 1596 R. 

Bargagli, Celsus, Ital. lawyer and prof.; 16th cent. D. 

Bargagli, Girolamo, Italian professor of law and lit- 
terateur at Sienna ; d. 1586 i.u. 

Bargagli, Sciino, Italian nobleman and author ;'c?! 
1612 'i.u. 

Bargas, A. F., Belgian painter ; b. 1090* b.d.n. 

Barge, Constantio Rojiero di, Italian doctor of law, 
and author ; 1450 j{. 

Eargede, Elic, French lawyer and poet ; 16th cent. D*. 

Ealgelese, Nicolas, Italian theologian and author; 
1530 I.Q.' 

Bargemon, or Bergamon, Guilhem, Provencal poet ; 
d. 1285 D. 

Barges, Antonio, Venetian ecclesiastic and music 
composer ; 1550 k.r. 

Barges, Jean-Joseph-Leandre, French abbot, oriental- 
ist, and author; b. 1810 d.f. 

Bargeton, Daniel, French jurist and publicist; 1678*— 
1757 "^ D.u. 

Earghiochus, Giovanni-Battisti, Ital, theol. ; d. 1664 D. 

Earginet, Alexandre - Pierre, French journalist and 
novelist ; 1798 — 1843 d. 

Eargnani, Ottavio, Italian composer and organist ; 
17th cent. k.r. 

Bargone, Giacomo, Italian painter ; 1640* B.d.n.t. 

Bargrave, Isaac, dean of Canterbury aud royal cliap- 
lain, and aiTthor ; 1586—1643 c.w. 

Barguani, Francesco, Italian poet and orator ; 1664 — 



1742 



D.Q. 



Barham, Henry, English physici.an, and writer on 
natural history ; 1740 R.W, 

Barham, Joseph P'oster, English politician ; 1808 w, 

Barham, Kichard Hnvvis [Tngoldsbi/), English divine, 
humorous and satiric writer ; 1788 — 1845 

Bari, Remigio de, Italian ecclesiastic ; 17tli cent. r. 

Bari, Eoberto di, Italian diplomatist and prothonotary 
of Naples ; 13th cent. r. 

Bari, Tommaso, Italian theologia« ; 1690 d.q. 

Earia, Geronimo, Italian theologian ; 1600 D.Q. 

Baric, Arnaud, French priest, physician, and author ; 
1650 D.Q. 

Baricelli, or Baricello, Giuho Cesare, Italian physi- 
cian and author ; 1614 d.r. 

Barier, engraver of precious stones ; d. 1740 D. 

Eariffe, William, English military writer ; 1800* D.Q. 

Barile, Giovanni, Ital. painter and sculptor; 1.520* d.t. 

Eariletto, Francesco, Italian gondolier aud poet ; 
1680* I.Q. 

Earili, Antonio di Neri, Siennese architect and T3ainter; 
1485—1511 D. 

Barili, Aurelio Parmigiano, Italian painter; 1588 d.t. 

Earili, Ludovico, Italian theologian ; 1548—1597 R. 

Barilis, Bernard, French lawyer ; 1640 D.Q. 

Earilius, Jean, French physician and medical writer ; 
1650 D.Q. 

EariUi, Luigi, Italian singer ; 1764* or 7— 1824 r.R. 

BarUliere, Sieur de la, French publicist ; 1600 D. 

Earillon, Henri de, French divine and author ; 1639 — 
1699 D.R. 

Barillon, Jean, or Jehan Bourdel, French historian, 
notary, and secretary to Francis I. ; 1534 R.U. 

Baring, Alexander, Lord Ashburton, English indus- 
trial financier ; 1723—1848 D. 

Baring, Alex., English master of the Mint ; 1835 

Baring, Hon. Alex. Hugh, English politician ; b. 1835 

Earing, Charles, bishop of Gloucester and Bristol 
1856, Durham 1861; 6. 1S07 l.M. 

Baring, Dauiel-Everard, German savant, librarian at 
Hanover, and historian ; 169U— 1753 C.D.G.w. 

Baring, Everard, German scholar and author; 1608— 
1659 D.Q. 



BAE, 



100 



BAB 



Earing, Francis, English director of the East India 

Company ; 1740—1810 _ D. 

Baring, Sir Francis Thornhill, Eng. chancellor of the 

Excheq., and lord of the Admu-. ; 1797— 18G6 D.M. 
Baring, Henry, English financier ; 1776—1848 D. 

Baring, Henry Bingham, English politician ; h. 1804 
Baring, John, German merchant in Exeter ; 1740 D. 
Baring, Sir Thomas ; 1773—1848 
Baring-, Thomas, English politican ; h. 1800 M. 

Bariola, Lucio, Spanish friar and author ; 16th cent. E. 
Barioli, Ottavio, Span, musician and organist ; 1580 R. 
Barisani, Josei^h, German physician and author ; 

1756—1787 D.R. 

Barisani, Sigismond, German phys, ; 1758—1787 D. 
Barisano, Francesco Domeuico, Italian M.D. and 

author; 17th cent. E.U. 

Earison, king of Sardinia ; 1154^'" R.U. 

Barisoui, Albertino, professor of Roman law at Padua, 

bishoi) of Ceneda, and author ; 1587 — 1667 R.U. 
Barjac, Gabriel, Italian theologian ; d. 1580 D.Q. 

Barjac, Pierre de, French Provengal poet ; 1180* D. 
Barjaud, Jean-Baptiste Benoit, French poet ; 1785 — 

1812 R.U. 

Barjavel, C. F. Henri, French physician and author ; 

h. 1815* F. 

Barkab-Elian {Barhacan), chief of the Kharizmians ; 

d. 1246 D.R. 

Barkah-KIian, Mogul sovereign of Kapchak, 1255 ; 

d. 1265 D.R. 

Barkah-Khan, Malek-al-Said Nasser-ed-Deen, Mama- 

luke sultan ; 1277 R. 

Barker, Andrew, Eng. merchant and traveller ; 1576 R. 
Barker, Charles, English painter ; d. 1854 B. 

Barker, Chris., printer to Queen Elizabeth ; d. 15S9 w. 
Barker, Sir Christopher, English ambassador and 

herald of Suffolk ; d. 1549 E. 

Barker, Collet, English military officer ; d. 1831 R. 
Barker, Edmund Henry, English classical writer and 

philologist ; 1788— 1839 d.r.w. 

Barker, Edward, English barou of the Exchequer, 

1744 ; b. 1678, d. 1759 /. 

Barker, Francis, bishop of Sydney, 1854 ; 6, 1808 M. 
Barker, Henry Aston, English panorama painter and 

proprietor; 1784—1856 B. 

Barker, Hugh, English chancellor of the diocese of 

Oxford ; d. 1632 E. 

Barker, Jacob, American financier ; b. 1779 e. 

Barker, James, English naval officer ; d. 1838 E. 

Barker, John, English logician ; 1470* q. 

Barker, John, English phys. and author; d. 1748 D.E. 
Barker, John, English divine and author ; 1720 w. 
Barker, Laurence, Eng. divine and Latin poet; 1601 q. 
Barker, Leonard, English author ; 1560 q. 

Barker, Matthew Henry (Old Sailor), English naval 

novelist; 1790—1846 D. 

Barker, Eobert, Irish painter, inventor of the pano- 
rama ; 1739—1806 c.n.e. 
Barker, Robert, English nat. philos. and -vvriter ; 1736 
Barker, Robert, English printer ; d. 1645 W. 
Barker, Robert, English m.d. and writer ; 1736 w. 
Barker, Samuel, painter ; d. 1727 B. 
Barker, Samuel, English scholar ; d. 1700 u.w. 
Barker, Thomas, English astronomer and author ; 

1721—1808 c.u.w. 

Barker, Thomas, of Bath, English landscape painter ; 

1769—1847 B. 

Barker, Thomas Jones, English painter ; b. 1815 b. 
Barker, Walter, English divine ; d. 1576 l.q. 

Barker, William, English author ; 1551 l.o.q.v,'. 

Barkey, Anthony Cornelius, German theological 

writer; 1741-1782 g.r. 

Barkey, Nicholas, Dutch scholar and author ; 1709— 

1788 G.R. 

Barkham, Sir Edward, sheriff of London, 1611 ; lord 

mayor, 1621 ^ d. 

BarMiam, John, English divine and antiquary ; 1572— 

1642 C.o.w. 



Barkhausen, Henry Lewis Wilibald, Dutch political 
economist; 1742 — 1813 g.r. 

Barkiarokh, Persian Seljookian sultan, 1092 ; d. 1104 r. 

Barking, Richard de, abbot of Westminster, English 
judge, 1242 ; d. 1246 /. 

Barkly, Sir Henry, English politician, governor of 
Mauritius ; b. 1815 m. 

Barkof, Johu-Simonovitch, Russian litt. ; d. 1768 U. 

Barkok, Mamluke, sultan of Egypt (1339); d.l3'J9 R.U. 

Barkov-Ivan, Lemenovitch, Russian satirical writer : 
d. 1768 E. 

Barkowicli, Francisco Wenceslas, Italian scholar and 
author ; 1730 D.I. 

Barksdale, Clement, English biographer and poet ; 
1609—1687 C.K.W, 

Barkstead, William, English actor ; 1609 E. 

Barkyaroc, shah of Persia (1093) ; d. 1104 D.u. 

Barlaam, St, Syrian martyr ; 300* D. 

Barlaam, Bernardo, Calabriau monk and hellenist ; 
1300—1348 c.ii.u.w. 

Barlseus, Caspar, Dutch poet ; 1584—1648 c.E.w. 

Barlseus, Lambert, Dutch hellenist ; 1596— 1G55 W. 

Barland, 07- Baarland, Adrien, Dutch savant, prof, 
of elocution at Lou vain ; 1488— 1522 or 42 CD. E.U. 

Barland, Hubert, i^hysician at Namur, and author ; 
1530 D.p.u. 

Barland, Michael, Dutch poet and jurist ; 1650 d.u. 

Barles, Louis, French physician and anatomical 
writer; 1670 D.U. 

Barlesio, Marino (Bo,rlelms), Ital. hist. ; 1470 R.u. 

Barlet, Annibal, French physician and medical writer ; 
1650 D.n. 

Barletta, Andrea, Italian lawyer ; 1530 D.i. 

Barletta, Gabriello, Ital. Dominican jjreacher; 1450 I.E. 

Barletti, Fran9ois Paul, de Saint-Paul, Italian educa- 
tional writer ; 1734—1809 E.U. 

Barley, John, master of Gonville Hall, Cambridge; 
d. 1503 q. 

Barley, William, English printer ; 16th cent. w. 

Barlotta, Giuseppe, Ital. monk and poet ; b. 1654 D.I. 

Barlow, Francis Channing, American brigadier-gene- 
ral ; 6. 1834 e. 

Barlow, Francis, English painter and etcher ; 1646 — 
1702 B.D. 

Barlow, Sir George, governor of India ; 1805-7 

Barlow, Joel, American poet and diplomatist ; 1755* — 

1812 ff.D.C.E.W. 

Barlow, Nicholas, English horologer, inventor of re- 
peaters ; 1676 D.w.^ 

Barlow, Peter, of Woolwich, English natural ijhiloso- 
pher and writer ; 1776 or 80—1862 M.E.w. 

Barlow, Randolph, abp. of Tuam (1629) ; 1572—1638 c. 

Barlow, Thomas, bishop of Lincoln (1675), author ; 
1607—1691 c.d.l.-Si.\i. 

Barlow, William (the Elder), English divine, mathe- 
matician, and natural philosopher ; d. 1568 W. 

Barlow, William, English divine, mathematician, 
and natural philosojiher ; d. 1625 C.E. U.W. 

Barlow, WiUiam, bishop of St David's 1536, Bath 
1549, Chichester 1559 ; d. 1569 c.l.d.Vi. 

Barlow, William, bishop of Rochester 1005, Lincoln 
1608 ; d. 1613 d.l.\Y. 

Barmek, or Bermek, name of a Persian family ; 8th 
cent. D.E. 

Barnabas, St, cousin to St Mark, and school-fellow of 
St Paul; 40 CG. 

Barnabo, Alexander, Italian cardinal ; b. 1801 M. 

Barnard, Lady Anne, Eng. authoress ; 1750—1825 a. 

Barnard, Edward, Amer. divine ; 1721"" — 1774 a.E. 

Barnard, Frederick, American author ; b. 1809 «. 

Barnard, Henry, American author ; 6. 1811 a.e. 

Barnard, John, American divine and author ; b. 1681 
or 1700, d. 1770 a.e. 

Barnard, Dr John, English prelate and author ; 
d. 1683 c.E.w. 

Barnard, Sir John, English M.P., lord mayor, and 
statesman; 16S5— 1764 C.E.W. 



BAB 



101 



BAH 



Barnard, John, American divine and author ; 1690— 

1758 «..R. 

Barnard, John G., Amer. brigadier-gen. ; b. 1815 e. 
Barnard, Thomas, Amer. eccles. ; 1714*— 1776 a.R. 
Barnard, Thomas, American divine ; 1748* — 1814 a.R. 
Barnard, Thomas, bp. of Limerick, 1794 ; d. 1806 c. 
Barnard, AVilliam, bishop of Kaplioe 1744, Deny 

1747 ; b. 1696, d. 1768 c. 

Barnardiston, Sir Nathaniel, English knight and 

M.P. ; 1588—1653 R. 

Bamaud, Jean, Fr. Jesuit and writer ; 1575—1640 D. 
Barnaud, Nicolas, French Protestant theologian, 

alchemist, and philosopher ; 1658 D.R. 

Barnave, Antoine-Pierre-Joseph-Maria, French repre- 
sentative, statesman, and writ. ; 1761 — 1793 C.D.u. 
Barne, Sir George shei-iff of Loudon, 1545; lord 

mayor, 1552 d. 

Barne, Sir George, sheriff of London, 1576 ; lord 

mayor, 1586 d. 

Bameham, Francis, sheriff of Loudon ; 1570 d. 

Earner, Jacob, German chemist and physician; 1641 — 

1686 R.u. 

Barnes,Albert, Amer. divine andauthor; 6.1798 a.e.M. 
Barnes, Barnaby, English poet ; 1569* — 1607* D.R. 
Barnes, Daniel H., American divine and conchologist ; 

d. 1818 a.e.R. 

Barnes, David, American divine ; 1731 — 1811 a.R. 
Barnes, Sir Edward, English military officer ; 1776— 

1838 R. 

Barnes, Henry, English law writer ; 1750 w. 

Barnes, James, English pantaloon ; d. 1838 
Barnes, John, mayor of London ; 1370 and 1371 d. 
Barnes, Jolm, Eng. Eoman Catholic writer; 1625 C. 
Barnes, Jos., printer to tlieUnivei-. of Oxford; 1590 w. 
Barnes, Joshua, Englisli divuie, heUenist, critic, and 

historian; 1654—1712 C.R.w. 

Barnes, Dame Juliana, English prioress and author ; 

d. 1486* D.R. 

Barnes, Richard, bishop of Nottingham 1567, Carlisle 

1.570, Durliam 1577 ; d. 1577 d.l. 

Barnes, Eobert, English juior of the Augustinians, 

author, and martyr; ex. 1540 q.W. 

Barnes, Susan Rebecca, Amer. poetess ; 19th cent a. 
Barnes, Thomas, Eng. Puritan divine ; 17th cent. c.R. 
Barnes, Thomas, English dissenting minister ; 1747 — 

1810 R.w. 

Barnes, Thomas, English scholar, editor of the 

"Times; "1786— 1841 

Barnes, Thomas, English magistrate and M.P. ; b. 1813 

' Barnes, Will., Eng. divine, poet, andphilologer ; b. 1810 

Barnet, Curtis, English naval commodore ; d. 1746 R. 

Bamet, John, bishop of Worcester 1302, Bath 1363, 

Ely 1366; d. 1373 d.l. 

Earnett, Henry, English magistrate and M.P. ; b. 1815 
Barnett, John, English music composer ; b. 1802 F. 
Barneveldt, Jan van Olden, Dutch statesman, grand 

pensionary of Holland ; 1549 — 1619 c.D.R. 

Barnewall, Anthony, Irish lieutenant in the German 

army; d. 1739 K. 

Barnewall, John, Lord Trimlestown, lord chancellor 

of Ireland ; d. 1538 _ R. 

Barnewall, Nicholas, Viscount Kingsland, Irish mili- 
tary officer ; 1668—1725 R. 
Barnewell, Thomas, Eng. baron of Exchequer ; 1494/. 
Barney, English flower painter ; 1830 B. 
Barney, Joshua, American naval commander ; 1759 — 

1818 A.e.R. 

Barnfield, Richard, English poet ; b. 1574 R. 

Barnham, Benedict, sheriff of London ; 1591 d. 

Bamham, Sir Francis, English historian ; 1615* H. 
Barni, Jules, French philosopher ; b. 1818 P. 

Barnier, Jean, Fi-ench poet ; b. 1660* D. 

Barnim I. (the Good), duke of Pomerania ; el. 1278 G. R. 
Barnim III. (the Great), dk. of Pomerania ; el. 1368 G.R. 
Barnim IX. [the Pious), duke of Pomerania ; 1501 — 

1573 G.R. 

Bamocius, or Donortlus, Scottish eccles. ; d. 1098 e. 



Bamstorf, Bernard, Germ, botanist ; 1625— 16S6 d.r. 
Barnstorf, Everard, German physician and author : 

1672—1712 D.R. 

Barnuevo, Don Sebastin de Herrera, Spanish painter'; 

1619 — 1671 j3,jj 

Barnuevo, Pedro de Pecfalta, Spanish poet ; 1730 d! 
Barnum, Pliineas T., American showman and specu- 
lator ; b. 1810 a.e.F. 
Barnwell, Laurence, English divine ; 1572 " n 
Barnwell, Tliomas, sheriff of London ; 1434 cl. 
Baro, Balthasar, French poet and academician ; 1600 — 
^1650 i,.u. 
Baro, 01- Baron, Bonaveutura (Fitz-Gerald), Irish 

author; 1600*— 1696 c.R.w. 

Baro, Peter, French prelate and author at Cambridge; 

d- 1600* C.q.U.W. 

Barocci, Ambrogio, Milanese painter and sculptor ; 

15th cent. j)_ 

Barocci, Fiori Federigo d'Urbino (IlBaroche), Italian 

pau]ter;1528 — 1612 B.c.R.T. 

Barocci, Francesco, Italian senator and geometrician; 

1550 C.R.W. 

Barocci, Giacomo, Italian painter ; 1507—1573 t. 
Baroccio, Alfonso, Italian physician ; b. 1531 r. 

Baroccio, or Barozzi, Giacomo da Viguola ; Italian 

architect ; 1507 — 1573 k. 

Baroche, Pierre Jules, French politician and advo- 
cate ; b. 1802 D.M. 
Baroero, James, Italia,n physician and surgeon ; 1790— 

1831 E.U. 

Baroffio, Cesare, Ital. doctor of laws ; 16th cent. R.w. 
Barolo, or Banalo, Andrea, Italian jurist and royal 

counsellor ; 16th cent. r. 

Baron, Alexander, Scottish physician ; 1745-1819 R. 
Baron, Auguste Marie, French litterateur ; b. 1794 F. 
Baron, Bernard, French engraver ; 1700—1762 b.c.e. 
Baron, Bonaventura, Irish monk and author ; d. 1696 
Baron, Claude-Jean-Accary, Fr. architect ; b. 1783 D. 
Baron, Delphine, French actress ; b. 1828 F. 

Baron, Ernst Gottlieb, German lutist and composer : 

1696—1760 K.R. 

Baron, Franyois Eguinaire, French jurist and author ; 

1495 — 1555 R.u. 

Baron, Giuseppe, Italian engraver ; 18th cent. R. 

Baron, Henri, French painter ; b. 1817 F. 

Baron, Hyacinthe-Theodore, Fr. phys. and dean of the 

Faculty, and medical writer ; 1686 — 1758 C.R.U.vv. 
Baron, Hyacinthe-Theod. {Jun ior), dean of the Faculty 

of Medicine, Paris, and author ; 1707 — 1787 R.U. 
Baron, Jean, French engraver ; b. 1630 B.R. 

Baron, Jules, French lawyer and heraldic writer ; d. 

1691 D. 

Baron, or Baronius, Martin, Polish theologian and 

author ; 1600 d. Q. 

Baron, Michel Boyron, French dramatic author and 

actor ; 1653 — 1729 c.D.R. w. 

Baron, Pierre [Stempanus], French Protestant theolo- 
gian ; 1505 D. 
Baron, Pierre, French Protestant theol. ; d. 1599 u. 
Baron, Richard, Eng. political writer; d. 1768 C.R.W. 
Baron, Robert, English writer ; b. 1630"- R. 
Baron, Robert, Scottish metaphysician; 1640 D.R.W. 
Baron, Roland, or le Baron, archbishop of Cashel, 

1553-61 ; d. 1561 C 

Baron,Stephen, provincial of the Franciscans ; 1520 o.Q. 
Baron, Theodore, Baron d'Henouville, French che- 
mist and academician ; 1715 — 1768 D.R. 
Baron, Vincent, French Dominican, theologian, and 

writer; 1604—1674 c.D.R. w. 

Baron, Vincent Alfred, French actor and sculptor ; 

b. 1820 F. 

Baron. See Baro. 

Baroaa, Antonius Balvas, Italian poet ; 1573—1628 R. 
Baroncini, Andrea, Itahan jurist ; 1630 D.l. 

Baroncino, Purpurinus, Italian theologian, antiquary, 

and author ; 1670 D.l. 

Barone, Doraenico, Ital. dramatic author; 1720 D.i. 



BAS. 



102 



BAR 



Barone, Francesco, Italian theologian and author; 
1622—1705 . D-i. 

Barone, Marcellas, Italian theologian and author ; d. 
1699 D.I. 

Baroni, Bernardino de Simone, Ital. painter ; b. 1675 D. 
Baroni, Bernardino, Siennese painter ; d. 1680 D. 
Baroni, Catherine, Italian poetess; 1630 D.i. 

Baroni, Cavalcabo-Clemente, Italian writer; 1726 — 
1796 _ _ K. 

Baroni, Cavalcabo-Gasparo-Antonio, Italian j)ainter ; 
1082—1759 _ E.U. 

Baroni, Domenico, Italian painter ; d. 1071 _ u. 

Baroni, Eleanora, Italian singer and violiuist ; 17th 
cent. !'• 

Baroni, Giuseppe, Italian engraver; b. 1720* b. 

Baroni, Teodoro, Ital. divine and savant ; d. 1774 U. 
Baronio, Angelo, Italian poet; 1590 d.i. 

Baronio, Vincento, Ital. physician and author ; 1020 R. 
Baronius, Cesar, Italian cai-dinal, historian, and 
librarian at the Vatican ; 1538—1607 CD.g. 

Baronius, Justus, French Calvinist ; n.u. 

Baronnat, French abbot and writer ; 1820 D. 

Barons, William, bp. of Loudon, 1504 ; d. 1505 d.i. 
Baronsdale, William, English president of the Col- 
lege of Physicians, 1589 ; d. 1608* q. 
Baror, king of Armenia; B.C. 747—704 V. 
BarotM, Nicolaus, Transylvanian friar ; d. 1680 E. 
Bar otius, Scipio, Germ, singer and composer ; 1620 D. K. 
Barotti, Giovamii- Andrea, Ital. litt.; 1701—1772 E.U. 
Barotti, Laurent, Ital. biog. and poet ; 1724—1801 E.u. 
Barotzi, Alexander, Hungarian military offtcer and 
translator ; 18th cent. K. 
Barou de Soleil, Pierre Antoine, French magistrate 
and writer ; 1741—1793 D.E. 
Ba,roud, Claude -Odille -Joseph, French jurist and 
writer on finance ; 1755 — 1824 D.U. 
Barowe, Thos. , lord keeper of the Great Se.il ; 1485 f.jj. 
Barozzi, or Barocci, Francesco, bishop of Treviso and 
author; d. 1471 i-R- 
Barozzi, Francesco, Venetian nobleman, and mathe- 
matician ; 16th cent. _ i.u. 
Barozzi, Giacomo, Italian mathematician and author ; 
1617 D.E. 
Barozzi, Giuseppe and Serafino, Italian painters ; 
1770* _ D. 
Barozzi, Pietro, Italian ecclesiastic ; d. 1507 E. 
Barpo, Giovanni Battista, Italian geographer and 
agriculturalist ; 1630 D.i. 
Barr, St, or Fintoarr, bishop of Cork ; 620* c. 
Barra, .John, English engraver ; 1024 E. 
Barra, Joseph {Enfant cclehve), heroic French boy; 
1780—1793 D.U. 
Barra, Pierre, French phys. and author ; 1660 D.E. 
Barra, William, sheriff of London ; 1379 d. 
BarralDand, Pierre Paul, French painter of flowers 
and birds ; 1767-1808 b.D.r. 
Barrabino, Simone, Italian painter ; d. 1640* n.e. 
Barracco, Maurizio, Neapolitan knight of the order of 
Jerusalem ; 16th cent. E. 
Bairadas, Emmanuel, Spanish Jesuit E.E. 
Earra,das, Sebastian, Portuguese Jesuit preacher; 
1542—1015 C.E.U. 
Barrairon, Francois Marie Louis, French politician ; 
1746—1820 _ E.u. 
Ba^ral, Andre Horace Francois, Vicomte de, French 
military officer ; 1743 or 5-1829 D.E. 
Barral, Hippolyte, Comte de, French senator ; 1788— 
1856 F- 
Barral, Jean Augustin, French chemist, discoverer of 
nicotine ; h. 1819 D.F, 
Barral, Joseph IMaria de, marquis de Blontferrat, 
French magistrate and litterateur ; 1742"— 1828 P.E. 
Barral, Louis-Mathias, Comte de, archbishop of Tours 
and author ; 1746—1816 D.F. 
Barral, Pierre, French iniest, scholar, and author ; 
1700-1772 c.D.E. 
Barral, Vincento, Ital. monk and author; 1577 E.u. 



Barralet, J. J., Irish painter ; 1795* E. 

Barralicr, Honore-Fran9ois-Noel-Dominique [Enfant 

celebre), French author ; 1805 — 1821 ii. u. 

Barralls, Barthelemy, French physician ; 1620 D. 
Barranco, Francisco, Spanish painter ; 17th cent. D. 
Barrand, Henri de , French poet ; 16th cent. U. 

Barrantes, Petrus Maldonado, Span, writer ; 1535 E. 
Barras, Louis, Comte de, Fr. naval officer; 1782 D.E. 
Barras, Paul-Fi'anyois- Jean-Nicolas, Comte de, Fi-. 

military officer and representative ; 1755 — 1829 D.E. 
Barras, Sebastin, French engraver; h. 1680 B.E. 

Barras de la Penne, Jean Antoine, French naval offi- 
cer and writer on naval architecture ; d. 1750 D. 
Barrassa, Diego, Portuguese physician, astrologer, 

and herbalist ; 1630 E. 

Barrau, Pierre-Bernard, Fr. economist ; 1767—1843 D. 
Barrau, Theodore Henri, French litt.; 6. 1794 D.r. 
Barraud, Jacques, French jurist and author ; 1555^ 

1626 D.U. 

Barratid, William, English painter ; 1810—1850 B. 
Barrault, Alexis, French engineer ; h. 1808 r. 

Earrault, Emde, French publicist ;' h. 1802 F. 

Barre, Alexander, Scottish ecclesiastic, bishop of 

Moray; d. 1397 R. 

Barre, Antoine de la Barre de Beaumarchais, French 

litterateur; d. 1759* D.u. 

Barre, Antoine-Joseph le Fevre de la, French general 

and writer on travel ; d. 1688 E.U. 

Barre, Antonio, Eoman music composer ; 1550 E. 

Barre, Cesar Alexis Chichereau, Chevalier de la, 

French poet; 1630*— 1705* D.E. 

Barre, Desire Albert, French medallist ; h. 1818 F. 
Barre, Ernest-¥ran9ois-Joseph de la, French academi- 
cian ; 1688—1738 u. 
Barre, Francois, French counsellor ; 1714—1794 c.R. 
Barre, Fran9ois-Poulain de la, French litterateur ; 

1647—1723 D.u.w. 

Barre, Guillaume, Fr. political writer ; 1760— 1829 d.e. 
Barre, Jean de la, French litterateur ; 1650—1711 E.U. 
Barre, Jean-Auguste, French statuary ; h. 1811 D. 
Barre, Jean Frangois le Ffevre, Chevalier de la, French 

victim of religious intolerance ; 1747 — 1766 n. r. u. 
Barre, Jean-Jacques de la, pastor of the Reformed 

Church at Geneva ; 1696—1751 e.u. 

Barre, Jean Jacques, French medallist ; h. 1793 D.F. 
Barre, Jean Poulaiu de la, antiquary, provost of 

CorbeU ; 1640 D.U. 

Barre, Joseph, canon of St Genevieve, and chancellor 

of the University of Paris ; 1692—1764 c.R.U. 

Barre, Leonard, French iJublicist ; d. 1825'"' D. 

Barre, Louis, French litterateur and lexicographer; 

1799-1857 D.F. 

Barre, Louis Francois Joseph de la, French historical 

■write ; 1688—1738 D.R.w. 

Barre, Michel de la, French music com]Joser ; 1680 — 

1747 D.K. 

Barre, Nicolas, French fou.nder of the Pietists, a 

religious order devoted to the education of poor 

children; 1678 D. 

Barre, Rich., archdeacon of Ely, English judge ; 1196 /. 
Barre, Yves, French advocate and Vaudcviile writer ; 

1749—1832 D.E. 

Barre de Saint-Venant, French agriculturalist and 

writer; 1737—1810 F.u. 

Barreas, St, archdeacon of Dunkeld R. 

Barreau, Alexandrine Rose, French heroine ; 1771 — 

1843 D. 

Barreau, Francois, French turner ; 1731-1814 F.u. 
Earreaux, Jacques Vallee, Seigneur des, French poet; 

1602-1673 D.U. 

Barrech Yazia, Rabbi, Jewish eccles. ; 16th cent. K. 
Barreira,P. Balthazar, Spanish missionary; d. 1612 E. 
Barreira, Petrus de, French cardinal and author ; d. 

1383 D.R. 

Barreira. See Barrejrra. 
Barreiros, Gaspard, Portuguese savant and ecclesias 

tic; of. 1574 d.b. 



BAE. 



103 



BAB, 



Barrelier, Jacques, French Dominican, physician and 
botanist ; ie06— 1673 _ C.D.u.w. 

Barreme, Francois, French arithmetician and author ; 
d. 1703 D.u. 

Barrera, Clemente, Italian predicator-general of the 
Minorites ; 17th cent. K. 

Barrera, o?- Barella, Eodianus, Italian mus. ; 1580 K. 

Barrere, Pierre, Fi-euch naturalist, pliysician, and 
philosophical writer ; 1695-' — 1755 C.E.U.W. 

Barrere de Vieusac, Bernard, Fi-ench representative 
and revolutionist ; 1755—1841 K.U. 

Barres, Jean des, marshal of France ; d. aft. 1322 D. 

Barreswil, Charles Louis, French chemist ; h. 1817 F. 

Barret, John, English lexicographer ; d. 1580* q. 

Barret, John, English Carmelite author; d. 1563 c.g.E. 

Barret, William, English divine and author ; 1595 q. 

Barret. See Barrett. 

Barreto, Alvaro, Portuguese poet ; 15th cent. E. 

Barreto, D. Jeronimo, Portuguese bishop of Funchal, 
1573 ; d. 1589 E. 

Barreto, D. Francisco, Portuguese writer, bishop of 
Algarve ; d. 1679 E. 

Barreto, Emmanuel, Portuguese Jesuit and author; 
d. 1620 E. 

Barreto, Francisco Landim, Portuguese poet and 
jurist ; 17th cent. E. 

Barreto, Gaspar, Portuguese historian ; 1061 — 1727 E. 

Barreto, Juan-Francisco, Portuguese scholar, diplo- 
matist, and linguist ; 1670* D. 

Barreto, Melchior Nunez, Portuguese traveller; 1520— 
1571 D. 

Barreto, Moniz de, Portuguese viceroy of the Indies, 
1573-89 ; d. 1600 e.u. 

Barreto, P. Gregorio, Portuguese Jesuit and writer ; 
d. 1729 E. 

Barreto. See Barretto. 

Barrett, Andrew, bp. of Llaudaff, 1395; d. 1.396 d.h 

Barrett, Eaton-Stannard, Irish poet ; 1785—1820 U.W. 

Barrett, Geo., Irish landscape ptr. ; 1730*— 1784 e.e. 

Barrett, George Horton, American actor ; h. 1794 c. 

Barrett, Jean Jacques de, French scholar and author ; 
1717—1792 D.E. 

Barrett, John, Irish scholar and orientalist ; 1753 — 
1807 or 21 D.R. 

Barrett, John, British naval officer ; d. 1810 E. 

Barrett, Patrick, bishop of Ferns, 1400 ; d. 1415 c. 

Barrett, Paul, French novelist ; d. 1785 u. 

Barrett, Ranelagh, Eng. painter and copyist; d. 1768 b. 

Barrett, Richard, bishop of Killala ; 1523 r. 

Barrett, Stephen, classical teacher and poet ; 1718 — 
1801 a.c.ii.u. 

Barrett, Thomas, bishop of Elphin, 1.372 ; d. 1404 c. 

Barrett, Thomas, bishop of Enachdune ; 1484 c. 

Barrett, William, bishop of Kildare ; 1480* c. 

Barrett, William, of Bristol, English surgeon and anti- 
quary, patron of Chatterton ; d. 1789 E.U. 

Barretto, Francisco de, Sjianish governor of India ; 
1510*— 1574 J). 

Barretto, Francisco, Portuguese missionary; 1588 — 
1663 D.E. 

Barretto de Resende, Pedro, Portuguese historian and 
statistician; 1595*— 1651 D. 

Barrey, Claude Antoine, French jihysician and medi- 
cal writer ; 1771—1837 D. 

Barreyra, Fr. Isidoro, Portuguese ecclesiastic and 
author; 1606 E. 

BaiTeyra, Joao, Portuguese mathematician and astro- 
loger ; 16th cent E. 

Barri, French Minim friar, founder of the Ecoles 
ChrStiennes ; d. 1686 u. 

Barri, Gabrielle, Italian historian, antiquary, geo- 
grapher, and author; d. aft. 1577 E.u. 
Barri, Giacorao, Ital. ptr. and engi-aver ; 1630—1684 D.T. 
Barrias, Felix Joseph, Fr. hist, painter ; 6. 1822 B. 
Barrientos, Bartholomeus, Spanish mathematician, 
humanist, and commentator ; 16t]i cent. d.e.e. 
Barrientos, Genes de, Spanish theologian ; d. 1694 D. 



Barrientos, Lopez de, Spanish theologian, bishop of 
Segovia, and writer ; 1382—1469 n. 

Barrier, F. M., French phys. and writer; I. 1815* p. 

Barriere, Dominique, French engraver; 6. 1622* B.u. 

Barriere, Frau9ois, Fr. Jesuit and writ. ; 1760 D.u. 

Barriere, Jean de la, French monk, founder of the 
order of Feuilhmts ; 1544—1600 D.U. 

Barriere, Jean Francois, French litt.; b. 1786 F. 

Barriere, Pierre (la Barre), French soldier, assassin 
of Hem-ylV.; d. 1.593 d.u. 

Barriere, Theodore, French dramatist ; 6. 1823 F, 

Barril, Jean, French writer ; 16th cent. u. 

Barrillon, Francois Sopliie Alexandre, French advo- 
cate and reinesentative ; h. 1801 r. 

Barrin, Jean, French ecclesiastic and litt. ; 1070 D.U. 

Barrington, Hon. Daines, English lawyer, natural 
historian, and antiquary ; 1727 — 1800 c.r.w. 

Barrington, George, British governor of North Caro- 
lina, and author; 1724 c.w. 

Barrington, John, English major-general and com- 
mander-in-chief; 1720* — 1764 E. 

Barrington, John Shute, Viscount, English political 
and religious writer ; 1678 — 1734 c.E.u.w. 

Barrington, Hob., abbot of Walden, 1532 ; d. 1537 q. 

Barrington, Hon. Samuel, British admiral; 1729— 
1800 E. 

Barrington, Hon. Shute, bishop of LlandafI 1769, 
Sarum 1782, Durham 1791 ; h. 1734, d. 1826 d.l.n.W'. 

Barrington, William -WUdman, Viscount, English 
politician ; 1710 — 1793 E. 

Barrio Angulo, Gab. Perez, Span, writ.; 1600* D.E.U. 

Barrio Nuevo, or Barnuevo, Francisco Mosquera de, 
Spanish poet ; 1610 D.E. 

Barrio Nuevo, or Barnuevo, Garcia de, viceroy of 
Spain ; 16th cent. D. 

Barrios, or Barios de, Daniel Levi, Spanish Jewish 
theologian and poet ; 17tli cent. G.W. 

Barrios, Juan de, Spanish surgeon ; 1590 D. 

Barris, Pierre Jean Paul, Fr. judge ; 1759—1824 D.B. 

BaiTOCCO, Mauritio, Italian writer; 1600 D. 

Barroduceo, A., Italian engraver b.e. 

Barroilliet, Paul, French singer; h. 1810 D.F. 

Barrois, Etienne, French historian ; 1739 D. 

Barrois, Jacques - Maiie, French bibliographer and 
bookseller; 1704—1769 E.U. 

Barrois, Jean Baptiste Joseph, French bibliographer ; 
h. 1780* F. 

Barrois, Pierre, Comte, French general ; h. 1774 P. 

Barron, Sir Henry Winston, Eng. politician ; h. 1795 

Barron, James, Amer. commodore; 1768 — 1851 e. 

Barron, Samuel, Amer. commodore ; 1703—1810 e. 

Barron, Samuel, American naval officer of the Con- 
federate states ; 1861 c. 

Barron, Will., Eng. scholar and author; 18th cent. W. 

Barros, Alfonso de, Portuguese mathem.; d. 1604 E. 

Barros, Andre de, Portuguese Jesuit and author ; 
1691 D.E.U 

Barros, Blasio de, Portuguese monk, bishop of Leiria; 
d. 1559 K.Y. 

Barros, Joao de, Portuguese jurist, savant, and 
writer; d. aft. 1549 D.K.Y. 

Barros, Joao de (the Portuguese Livy), Portuguese his- 
torian; 1496—1571 CD. U.W. 

Barros, or Barrios, Juan de, Portuguese historio- 
grapher, counsellor, and bishop of Cadiz ; 1554 E. 

Barros, Tomas de, Portuguese Jesuit ; d. 1658 ^ g.E. 

Barros Ferreira, Joao, Portuguese jurist ; 1700* e.y. 

Barroso, Miguel de. Span, painter ; 1538—1590 B.N. 

Barrot, Adolphe, French diplomatist ; b. 1808 F. 

Barrot, Camille-Hyacinthe-Odillon, French states- 
man; &. 1791 ^ ^^„. ^■^^ 

Barrot, Ferdinand, French statesman ; b. IbOo D-M- 

Barrot, Jean- Andre, Fr. deputy and royaUst ; 1845 D. 

Barrougli, Philip, English phys. and author; 1600 D. 

Barrow, Henry, Eng. Nonconformist div ; 1.593 g.R. 

Barrow, Isaac, bishop of Sodor and Man 1663, St 
Asaph 1670, geometrician; &.1030, d. 1680 c.di.B.u. 



BAH. 



104 



BAR 



Barrow, John, English physician and medical writer ; 

]750 D. 

Barrow, Sir John, English traveller and author ; 1704 — 

1849 E.w. 

Barrow, John H., English author; d. 1S5S a. 

Barrow, Pliilip, English i^hys. and writei-; 1575 q. 
Barrow, AVilliam, bishop of Bangor 1418, Carlisle 

1423; d. 1429 d.l. 

Barrow, wniiam, English scholar and author; 1754*— 

1S3G «.R.\v. 

Barrowby, William, Eng, phys. and author ; 1730 E. 
Barrowes, Henry, Eng. seditious writer ; ex. 1592 a. 
Barruel, Aixgustin [the Abbe), French Jesuit and jour- 
nalist ; 1741— 1820 R.U.W. 
Barruel-Beauvert, Antoine Joseph, Comte de, French 

soldier and publicist ; 1756 — 1817 E.U. 

Barrus, or Jimtoarruz, St, bishop of Caithness ; 11th 

cent, E. 

Barry, Alfred, English divine and theological writer ; 

b. 1826 
Barry,Sir Charles, architect of the Houses of Parlia- 
ment ; 1795—1860 d. 
Barry, Charles Robert, English barrister and politi- 
cian ; b. 1824 
Barry, David Fitz-David, earl of Barrymore, Irish 

loyal noble ; 1605—1642 _ E. 

Barry, Sir David, English i^hysiologist and j)hysician ; 

1780-1835 K. 

Barry, Sir David de, lord justice of Ireland ; 1266 
Barry, David Fitz- James, Viscoiint Buttevant, Irish 

general and politician ; d. 1017 E. 

Barry, Sir Edward, English military physician and 

medical author ; 1700*— 1776 D.R.w. 

Barry, Sir Edward, English scientific writer ; 1780 — 

1835 a. 

Barry, Edward, Eng. theologian and author ; 1759*' — 

1822 c.E.u. 

Barry, Edward I\Iatthew, English architect ; b. 1831 
Barry, Francois Bernard, French painter ; b. 1815* F. 
Barry, Garret, Irish writer ; 1630* K. 

Barry, George, English divine and natural historian ; 

1747—1805 c.E.w. 

Barry, George Richard, English politician ; b. 1825 
Barry, Gerald de, bp. of Cork (1359); &. 1303, d. 1393 C. 
Barry, Girald (Giraklus Camhrensis), English prelate 

and historian ; 1146* — 1224* C.d.r.w. 

Barry, Henry, Eng. military officer ; 1750*— 1823 K. 
Barry, James, lord of Santry, lord chief justice of 

Ireland; 1598-1673 C.D.E. 

Barry, James. Irish hist, painter ;. 1741 — 1S06 B.c.D.u. 
Barry, John, the first Amer. commodore ; 1745 — 1803 e. 
Barry, Lodowick, English dramatic author ; 1610 E. 
Barry, {Gojnard de Vauberyiicr), Marie-Jeanne Becu, 

Comtesse du, mistress of Louis XV. ; 1746 — 1793 D. R. 
Barry, Martin, Eng. physiologist ; 1802—1855 a.F, 
Barry, Blichael, English barrister ; 6. 1810 
Barry, Paul de, French Jesuit and ascetic author ; 

1585—1661 R.U. 

Barry, Philip de, "Welsh warrior in Ireland; 1169 R. 
Barry, Sir Redmond, solicitor-general of Victoria ; 

b. 1813 M. 

Barry, Rene, Fr. royal historiographer ; 1650 D. R. 
Barry, Robert de, AVelsh knight ; d. 1185* R. 

Barry, Spranger, Ii-ish tragedian ; 1719—1777 R. U. 
Barry, Tliomas de, Scottish poet ; 1390* e. 

Barry, Thomas, bishop of Orsoy, 1428 ; d. 1459 c. 
Barry, Tom, English clown ; d. 1857 
Barry, Rene, French historiographer; 1820 E. 

Barry, Willinm Farquhar, American brigadier-gene- 
ral ; 6. 1818 c. 
Barry-Ceres, le Comte Jean du, French intriguer 

and debauchee ; 1792 D. u. 

Barsabas, Joseph (tlie Just), proposed for the 

apostleship vacated bj' Judas ; 30 D.U. 

Barsaiti, Marco del Friuli, Italian painter ; 1510 D.r.t. 
Barsebai, or Boursbai, ]\Ialek al Ashraf Self ed deen, 

sultan of Egypt and Syria ; 1422-1438 E.u. 



Barsham, Andrew, prior of the Carmelites ; 1535 q. 
Barsine, concubine of Alexander the Great; d. B.C. 

309 D.u.x. 

Barsony de Lovas Beremy, Georgius, Hungarian 

ecclesiastic and writer ; 1600* — 1678 D.R. 

Barsotti, Giovanni Carlo, Italian theologian and 

author; 1750 D.I. 

Barsotti, Nicolas, Italian ascetic writer ; 1650 D.I. 
Barsov, Alexis Kirilovitch, Russian translator ; 18th 

cent. E. 

Barsov, Anthony Alexievitch, Russian philosopher; 

1730*-1792 E. 

Barsiik-Moiseev, Thomas Ivanovitch, Russian m.d. 

and author ; d. 1811 E. 

Barsuma, Syrian priest and archimandrite; 435— 

458 Q.K. 

Barsuma, metropolitan of Nisibus, restorer of Nesto- 

rianism Q. 

Barsuma, or Barsama, bishop of Nisibis ; d. 489 d.u. 
Bart, Charles Frangois Celestin, Fr. jurist; b. 1800 F. 
Bart, or Barth, Jean, Fr. commodore; 1650—1702 e.u. 
Barta, Balthazar, Hungarian sen. and chron. ; 1770* E. 
Barta, George, Spanish tactician ; 1620 D. 

Bartali, Giovanni-Battista, Ital. chronicler; 1690 D.I. 
Bartalini, Francesco, Italian painter ; 1569—1609 D. 
Bartalucci, Giovanni, Ital. architect ; 1732 — 1802 D. 
Bartas, Guillaume de Saluste du, French poet, diplo- 
matist, and warrior ; 1544 — 1599 c. R.U.W. 
Bartei, or Bartheus, Padre Gu-olamo, Italian Augus- 
tine monk and author ; 1600 E. 
Barteldes, Friederich Conrad, German ijhysician ; 

1695—1734 E. 

Bartelett, John, English surgeon ; 1760 D. 

Bartello, Alessandro, Italian painter ; d. 1633 D. 

Bartels, Ernst-Daniel-Augustus, German physician 

and philosophical writer ; 1778 — 1838 D. 

Bartenstein, Johann -Christian de, Austrian political 

writer ; 1690—1766 R.U. 

Bartenstein, Laurent Adam, Austrian savant; 1717 — 

1796 E. 

Barth, Christian Godefroy, German scholar and 

author ; 1675—1723 D.U. 

Barth, Friederich Gotlieb, German ijhilologist ; 1738 — 

1794 D.u. 

Barth, or Bartius, Gaspard de, German philologist ; 

1587— 1G58 D.u. 

Barth, Gottfried, German jurist ; 1650—1728 E. 

Barth, Jean Raphael Philii)pe, French physician and 

author ; b. 1812"- F. 

Barth, Johann August, Germ, printer; 1765 — 1818 g.e. 
Barth, Joseph, anat., born at Malta; 1745—1818 E. 
Barth, Heinrich, Germ. trav. in Africa ; 1821—1865 M. 
Barth, Michel, German physician; 1650*— 1684 D.Q, 
Barth, Paul, German orientalist ; 1635—1688 D.U. 
Barth - Barthenheim, Jean - Baptiste Louis Honore, 

Franco-Austrian jjublicist ; 1784 — 1846 D. 

Barthe, Felix, Fr. magistrate and polit. ; h. 1795 D.F. 
Barthe, Gerard de la, French painter ; 1800 D.N. 

Barthe, IMarcel, French representative ; b. 1811 F. 
Barthe, Nicolas-Thomas, French dramatic j)oet; 1734 — 

1785 p.u. 

Barthee, Slelchior, German sculptor ; d. 1674 N.u. 
Barthel, or Bartei, Johann Christian Friedrich ; 

German jiainter and engraver ; b. 1775 N.R. 

Earthel, Johann-Gaspard, German jurist and law 

writer; 1697—1771 R.U. 

Barthel, Marchio, German statuary B. 

Barthelemy, French representative ; b. 1804 r. 

Barthelemy, Antoine Josei^h, Belgian lawyer and 

writer; 1764 — 1832 D. 

Barthelemy, Auguste, Fr. representative ; b. 1802 F. 
Barthelemy, Auguste Marseille, Fr. poet; b. 1796 D.F. 
Barthelemy, Anatole Jean Baptist Antoine de, 

French archaeologist ; b. 1821 F. 

Barthelemy, Charles, French archffiologist ; 1850 F. 
Barthelemy, Edouard ]Marie de, French archteologist ; 

b. 1830 F. 



BAR 



105 



BAB 



Barthelemy, Fi'an^ois, Marquis de, French diploma- 
tist ; 1747 or 50—1830 d.f.u. 

Barthelemy, Jean - Jacques, French archseologist, 
numismatist, and author ; 1716— 1795* C.D.U. 

Barthelemy, Jean Jose^jh Hipx^olyte, French rejire- 
sentative ; b. 1801 r. 

Barthelemy, Johann-Christian, German historian ; 
1708—1778 D.u. 

Barthelemy, Jean-Simon, Fr. painter; 1742 — 1811 d.n. 

Barthelemy, I'Abb^ Louis, French grammarian and 
author; 1750—1812 D.U. 

Barthelemy, Mathieu Barthelemy {Thoui)i), French 
dramatist ; b. 1804 F. 

Barthelemy, Nicolas, Latin poet, and prior of Notre- 
Dame at Orleans ; 1478—1531* B.U. 

Earthelemy,Nicolas,Fr. jurist andwrit. ; 17th cent.D.u. 

Barthelemy, Eegis-Fran^ois, Fr. hist. ; 1739—1812 F.U. 

Barthelemy - St - Hilaire, Jules, French philosopher 
and classical author ; &. 1805 r.M. 

Barthelemy of Cologne, Latin poet ; 1400—1514 d.u, 

Barthet, Armand, French litterateur ; 1848 F. 

Barthez, m- Barthes de Marmorieres, Baron Antoine 
French litterateur ; 1736—1811 c.D.U. 

Barthez, Antoine Charles Ernest de, French phy- 
sician and author ; 1840 F. 

Barthez, Paul-Joseph, French physician and medical 
writer ; 1734— 1806 d.f.k. 

Barthez, de IMarmorieres, Guillaume, French engin- 
eer and scholar ; 1750 D.R.U. 

Barthius, Caspar, German scholar ; 1587 — 1658 C.K. w. 

Barthius, Frederic Gotlieb, Germ. Utt. ; 1738—1794 E. 

Barthold, Friederich Wilhelm, Germ, hist.; 6._ 1799 r. 

Eartholdy, Jacoh-Salomon, Prussian historian and 
diplomatist; 1779-1825 D.K.U.w. 

Barthole. See Bartole. 

Bartholemei, Angelo-Michel, French music writer ; 
1660* r>.K. 

Eartholet, Fabricius, Italian physician and author ; 
1588-1030 R. 

Bartholin, or Bartholinus, Danish antiquary ; lOGO D. 

Bartholin, Al. , Danish phys. and litt. ; 1597-1643 D.U. 

Bartholin, Barthelemy, Danish litterateur _ u. 

Bartholin, Caspar, Danish physician and medical 
writer ; 1585— 1630 C.d.e.U. 

Bartholin, Caspar, professor of medicine, Copen- 
hagen ; 1669—1695* D.R.U. 

Bartholin, Erasmus, Danish philosopher and mathe- 
matician ; 1625—1698 ^ D.R.U. 

Bartholin, Laurent, Danish physician ; 1500* D. 

Bartholin, Thomas, professor of medicine at Copen- 
hagen ; 1G16— 1680 C.E.U.W. 

Bartholin, Thomas, Danish antiquary and naturalist ; 
1659—1690 c.R.u. 

Bartholinus, Eicardi, or Eicardus Bartholinus Peru- 
siims (?), Polish wiiter B.U. 

Bartholomseus, Albicius or Albisius, Italian theo- 
logical writer ; d. 1401 O.R. 

EartholomEeus (Augustianus), Italian bishop of Ur- 
bino; 1347 d.g.r. 

Bartholomseus [Brixiensis), Italian savant ; 1178— 
1258 G.R.w. 

Bartholomseus (Carthusiensis), Italian prior and 
author; (/. 1446 _ G.R. 

Bartholomseus ( Catanius Blaioricensis), Italian INIino- 
rite and writer ; d. 1462 G.R. 

Bartholomaeus [Coloniensis], German classical writer; 
1460—1514 D.G.R.u. 

Bartholomaeus ab Apona, Italian Minorite ; 1438 R. 
Bartholomseus (a Martyrihus), St, Portuguese arch- 
bishop of Braga ; 1514—1590 C.E.P.R.U. 
Bartholomseus de Bononia, Italian preacher ; 1338 R. 
Bartholomaeus de Bragantiis, Italian bishop of 
Vicenza ; 1250-70 E. 
Bartholomaeus de Neocastro, Sicilian judge and 
author; 1286 E. 
Bartholomaeus de Novaria, Italian jurist r. 
Bartholomasus, Gaetanus, Italian hist. ; d. 1404 R. 



Bartholomaeus de Sancta Concordia, Italian preacher 

and author ; 1338 e. 

Bartholomaeus of Edessus, Syrian monk ; 730 d! 
Bartholomaeus. See Bartholomew and Bartolomeo. 
Bartholomeo, or Barbatia, Andreas de (Andrea 

5'ice(?o), Italian jurist .-md author; 1400—1479 G.R. 
Bartholomew, St, one of the twelve apostles ; d. 71* 
Bartholomew, bishop of Exeter, 1162 ; d. 1184 d.l.G.-R. 
Bartholomew, Annie E. (Fatjernmun), English painter 

and authoress ; 1807—1862 b.M. 

Bartholomew, Daria Ewin, British naval officer ; d. 

1821 R. 

Bartholomew, or Bartholemaeus de Glantville, Eng- 
lish i'ranciscan monk and scholar ; 1350 d.R.W. 
Bartholutius, Eufinus, Italian Franciscan contra- 
puntist ; 16th cent. r. 
Barthon, Eobert de, dean of St Paul's ; 1256 
Bartiolet, Flamel, Flemish painter, canon of Liese : 

d. 1612 V. 

Bartinelli, Maurice, Italian surgeon; 160D D.i. 

Bartisch, Geo., Germ. surg. and oculist; d. 1550 R.u. 
Bartleman.Barthelmont, or Barthelemon, Hippolite, 

Eng. music composer and violinist; 1741— 1808 k. R.U. 
Bartleman, James, Eng. bass singer ; 1769—1821 R. 
Bartlet, Will. S., Amer. div. and author ; b. 1809 a. 
Bartlett, Benjamin, English topograi^hical and numis- 

matical writer ; 1714 — 1787 R. 

Bartlett, David W., author ; h. 1828 a. 

Bartlett, Elisha, American author and i^hysician ; 

1805—1855 a.e. 

Bartlett, Ichabod, American polit. ; 1786-1853 e. 
Bartlett, Jolm, Enghsh music composer; 1606 D.F. 
Bartlett, John liussell, American ethnologist ; b. 

1805 a.c.F.M. 

Bartlett, John Sherren, Anglo-American journalist ; 

b. 1790 e. 

Bartlett, Jos. , Amer. author and wit ; 1763—1827 a e. 
Bartlett, Josiah, American author, governor of New 

Hampshire ; 1759 — 1820 a.e. 

Bartlett, Thomas, Eng. div. and author ; 5. 1789 M. 
Bartlett, William, p]nglish theologian; d. 1682 ic.u. 
Bartlett, William, American scholastic founder; 1748 — 

1841 e. 

Bartlett, William Henry, English landscape painter ; 

1809-1854 B. 

Bartlett, Will. H. C, Amer. scient. writ.; b. 1804 a. 
Bartley, Blrs, English tragic actress ; 1785—1850 
Bartochowski, Aldebert, Polish Jesuit and poet; 

1685 R. 

Bartol, Cyrus Augustus, Amer. author ; b. 1813 a.e. 
Bartolaja, Lodovico, Italian writer ; 1610 R. 

Bartoldy, Georg Wilhelm, German philosophical and 

educational writer ; 1765 — 1815 E. 

Bartole, Italian jurist ; 1313—1356 D.u. 

Bartoletti, Fabrizio, Italian jihysician and anatomist ; 

1586—1630 u. 

Bartoli, Cajetan, Italian surgeon ; ISth cent. D.I. 

Bartoli, Cosimo, Italian litterateur ; b. 1515* E.u. 
Bartoli, Daniele, Ital. Jesuit hist.; 1608-^1685 C.E.u. 
Bartoli, Dominico, or Dominico d'Asciano, Italian 

painter ; 1470 B.D.T.U. 

Bartoli, Dominico, Italian poet ; 1629—1698 E.U. 
Bartoli, Francesco da Eeggio, Italian painter; d. 

1779 D-E.T. 

Bartoli, Giorgio, Italian grammarian ; d. 1584 E.U. 
Bartoli, Giovanni Italian goldsmith ; 13G9 E. 

Bartoli, Giovanni Battista, Italian canonist and 

author; 1695-1765 J^-i- 

Bartoli, Giuseppe, Italian antiquary and writer; 

1717-1790 13. 1, u. 

Bartoli, Minerva, Italian poetess ; 1591 D-K- 

Bartoli, Piotro Santi, Italian painter and engraver; 

1635-1700 . B.R.T.U.W 

Bartoli, Sebastiano, Italian physician and medical 

writer ; d. 1676 ^^^ ^• 

Bartoli, Taddeo, Italian painter; 1400 B.D.T. 

Bartoli. See Bartolo. 



BAR 



lOf 



BAS 



Eartolini, Biagio, Italian natural philosopher and 

writer on botany ; 174G — 1822 K. 

Eartolini, Gioseffo Maria, Italian painter; 1657 — 

1725 D.E.T. 

Bartolini, Lorenzo, Italian sculptor ; 1778 — 1850 D. 
Eartolini, Simonc [Bartolini Per Mf/wzo), Italian singer ; 
1545 K. 

Bartolino, Teseo, Italian sculptor ; 1569 n. 

Bartolo, Italian lawyer and writer ; 6.1313 C.D.P. U. 
Bartolo, di Fredi, Italian painter; 1328*— 1410 D.T. 
Bartolo. See BartoU. 

Bartolocci, Giulio, Italian Beruardine and hebraist ; 
1613—1687 c.D.o.u. 

Bartolomei, Gerouimo, Italian poet; 1584—1662 D.u. 
Bartolomei, Matteo-Maria, Italian dramatic poet ; 
1640—1695 D.u. 

Bartolomei, Simone Pietro, Italian antiquary ; 1709 — 
1764 D.I. 

Bartolomeo, Spanish sculptor ; 13th cent. k.k. 

Bartolomeo, Antonio, Italian jurist ; d. 1479 I'. 

Eartolomeo, Dionisio di, Neapolitan archt.; 1590 N.i:. 
Bartolomeo, Fra (iJaccio della Porta), Italian jpainter; 
1469—1517 B.D.T. 

Bartolomeo, Leonardo di, of Palermo, Italian politi- 
cian ; d. 1450 K. 
Bartolomeo, Michellonzo di, Italian sculptor and 
brassfounder ; 1395 — 1465 E. 
Bartolomeo ofFiorence, Florentine painter; 1250*' D.T. 
Bartolomeo of Messina, Ital.hellenist; 13th cent. d.u. 
Bartolomeo di Capua, Ital. jurist and writ. ; d. 1328 E. 
Bartolomeo. See Bartholomseus and Bartlielmy. 
Bartolommei, Enrico de (Enrico di Susa), Ital. jurist, 
cardinal, and bp. of Ostia and Veletri ; d. 1271 I.E. 
Bartolommei, Giovanni di Bandino de, Italian advo- 
cate and writer ; 15th cent. I.E. 
Eartolommeo, Maestro, Italian painter ; 1236 e.t. 
Bartolommeo, Maestro, Venetian sculptor and archi- 
tect ; 14th cent. 1). 
Bartolommeo, Stanislas di San, Italian Carmelite ; 
17th cent. i.e. 
Bartoloni, Pietro Donienico, Italian physician and 
author; 1700 D.I. 
Eartol02si, Francesco, Italian designer and engraver; 
1725—1815 B.D.F.K. 
Bartolucci, Giovanni-Battista, Italian physician ; 17th 
cent. I.E. 
Bartolucci, Vincento, Ital. lawyer ; 1753—1823 D.r. 
Bartolus, Abraham, German author ; 1614 E. 
Bartolus (de Saxoferrato), Italian writer and jurist ; 
1313—1359 G.E. 
Barton, SLi- Andrew, Eng. mariner and pirate ; 1510 E. 
Barton, Benjamin Smith, American physician, natu- 
ralist, and scientific writer; 1766 — 1816 a.c.D.E.'W. 
Barton, Bernard [the Quaker poet), English poet ; 
1784—1849 D.w. 
Barton, Elizabeth [the Maid of Kent), English female 
impostor and visionary ; ca;. 1534 c.d.e. 
Barton, Sir Henry, sheriff of London, 1405 ; mayor, 
1416 and 28 d. 
Barton, John de, English judge ; 1304 /. 
Barton, John, recorder of London ; 1415 
Barton, John, English writer ; 15th cent. K. 
Barton, Sir John, English inventor; 1771— 1S34 
Barton, Matthew, British admmxl ; 1715—1795 E. 
Barton, Eaphe, sheriff of London ; 1418 d. 
Barton, Sir Kobert, lord high treasurer of Scotland ; 
d. 1538 , E. 
Barton, Thomas, Irish missionary ; 1730'''- 1790 E. 
Barton, "William, suffragan bishop of Salisbury ; 
1509-17 d.l. 
Barton, William, English prelate and writer ; 1598— 
1678 K. 
Barton, William, English arithmetician ; 17th cent. e. 
Barton, AVilliam, American revolutionary officer ; 
1747*— 1831 A.e.E. 
Barton, Will. P. C. , Amer. bot. and author ; 1820 a. 
Barton, Dr, founder of fire insurance offices ; 1667 



Bartoszewicz, German orator ; ISth cent. E. 

Bartoszewski, Val., Polish Jesuit and writer; 1610 B. 
Bartram, John, Amer. trav. and bot. ; 1701 — 1777 A.D.e. 
Bartram, William, American traveller and natu- 
ralist ; 1739— 1823 A.a.c.E. 
Bartsaj Von Nagy Bartsa, Achaz, prince of Transyl- 
vania; d. 1661 G.E. 
Bartscli, Adam, Austrian engraver, and keeper of 
the imperial cabinet of engravings at Vienna ; 
1757—1820 B.E.u. 
Ba,rtscli, Henrich, German scholar ; 1667 — 1728 D. 
Bartscli, John, Dutch phys. and bot. ; d. 1735 E.U. 
Bartscli, Zacharias, Germ.wood-engraver; 16th cent. E. 
Bartscli, Zacharias, German engraver ; 1674 N.E. 
Bartscius, Fridericus, Polish author ; 1549—1609 E. 
Bartsli,orBartascli,Godfrid, Germ, engraver; 1674 b.e. 
Barucco, Giacomo, painter of the Venetian school E.T. 
Barucli, Rabbi de Piskeira, Jewish writer E. 
Barucli, Eabbi Hammekubal, Jewish Cabalist E. 
Barucli, Pabbi Ben Isaac bar Baruch, of Cordova, 
Jewish Talmudic tutor E. 
Baruch, one of the twelve minor Hebrew pro]3hets ; 
B.C. 606 D.u. 
Barucli, Eabbi Ben R. Samuel de Moguntia, Jewish 
writer ; 12th cent. O.E. 
Baruch, Rabbi Ben Isaac de Garmiza, German Jew- 
ish religious writer ; 1236 O.E. 
Baruch, Eabbi Bar Salamah, Jewish writer and 
translator; 1450 O.E. 
Baruchus, St, Scottish ecclesiastic ; 700* E. 
Earuffaldi, Bernardino, Italian author E. 
Baruffaldi, Geronimo, Italian poet and scholar; 1675 — 
1755 D.i.u. 
BaruSfaldi, Geronimo, Italian Jesuit, biographer, and 
bibliographer; 1740—1817 D.M.U. 
Baruffaldi, Nicolo, Italian author ; 1645—1741 i.e. 
Barulo, Andi-eas de (Boncllus), Neapolitan Jesuit ; 
1269 E. 
Earns, T. Vibius, consul of Rome ; 160 H. 
Barutel, Gregoire de, French poet ; 1620*— 1698 D.U. 
Barutel, Thos.-Bern., Fr. preacher; 1720—1792 d.u. 
Barvau, N., French librarian to the archbishop of 
Toulouse ; d. 1794 E. 
Barvickanus, Berwick, or Breulaulias, John, Fran- 
ciscan monk ; 1340 E. 
Barvoetius, Alex. , Jesuit and author ; 17th cent. E. 
Barwell, Edmund, master of Christ's College, Cam- 
bridge ; (/. 1609 q. 
Barwick, John, English prelate, dean of St Paul's; 
1612—1664 c.E. 
Barwick, Peter, English physician and medical writer; 
1619—1694 c.E.u. 
Barwick, Thomas, English i^hysician ; d. 1599 q. 
Bary, Henri, Dutch engraver ; h. 1626* B.u. 
Barye, Antoine Louis, French statuary and engraver ; 
h. 1796 _ D.F. 
Bar5^honus, Henricus, German writer on music ; h. 
1580* . E. 
Barzaeus, Gaspar, companion; of St F. Xavier, and 
writer ; d. 1553 E. 
Barzaeus, Johann, Swiss j)oet ; d. 1660 E. 
Barzena, Alfonso (Apostle of Peru), Spanish philo- 
logist and missionary ; 1528 — 1598 E.U. 
Barzi, Cesare, Italian writer; d. 1605 I.E. 
Barzini, or Barsini, Italian vendor of tracts, astro- 
loger, and writer ; 1667 i. E. 
Barziza, Christorfo, or Christopher de Barziziis, 
Italian phys. and teacher of medicine ; 15th cent. E. 
Barziza, or Barzizus, or Bargomensis, Gasparino, 
Italian classical writer ; 1370*— 1401* B.C. 
Barziza, Guiforte, Italian doctor and author; 1432 E. 
Barzoni, Vittorio, ItaUan litterateur and journalist ; 
1764—1829 . D.U. 
Barzykowski, Stanislas, Polish patriot ; I. 1792 r. 
Bas, Jac. PhiUipe le, Fr. engraver; 1707—1784 B.E.U. 
Bas, Jean le, French profczior of midwifery, and 
author ; 1700 K. 



EAS 



107 



BA£ 



Bas, or Basse, Martin, Dutch engraver ; 1600 B.x. 
Bas, or Basse, AVilliam, Dutch engraver ; B.N. 

Basadonna, Giovanni, Italian poet ; 1540 i.B. 

Basalaev, Ivan Nikaphorovitch, Russian tutor and 

writer ; b. 1795 E. 

Basan, Israel, Italian Jewish writer ; 1684 O.K. 

Basan, Jeschaja Mordechai, Ital. Jewisli writ. ; 1720 1. R. 
Basan, Pierre-Fran9ois, French engraver, dealer in 

works of art, and author ; 1723 — 1797 D.N. 

Basanier, Martin, Fr. mus. and mathem.; 1584 k.r. 
Bascans, Ferdinand, French journalist ; 6. 1801 F. 
Basca,pe, Carlo (Basilica->Santl-Pctrl), Italian prelate 

and author ; 1550 — 1615 I.U. 

Bascape,o?'Barsegape, Pietro, Italian poet; 1264 i.e. 
Bascapi, Girolamo, Milanese jurist and author ; d. 

1641 I.E. 

Bascapi, Girolamo, Milanese eccles.; 1622—1703 i.e. 

■ Bascarini, Giovanni, Ital. i^hys. and poet; d. 1673 d.e. 

Bascetti, Clemente, Italian eccles. and writ. ; 1080 I.E. 

Basch, Sigisniond, Silesian professor of philosophy ; 

1700—1771 D.K. 

Basch, Simon, German philos. andastron.; 1550 D. 
Basclienis, Evaristo, of Bergamo, ecclesiastic and 

painter ; 1617—1677 C.K.T. 

Baschenow, Wassili, Russian architect ; d. 1798 D.u. 
BascM, Matteo, founder and first vicar of the Capu- 
chins, 1528 ; d. 1552 D.E. 
BascMera, Nicolaus de, Roman military ofSeer and 

sculptor; d. 1760* D.N. 

Baschilow, Semen, Russian scholar, mathematician, 

and secretary to the senate ; 1740—1770 D.E.U. 
Basciacomari, Barromeo, Italian scholar and author; 

1300 D.I. 

Basciacomari, Luigane, Italian jurist ; 1280 i.e. 

Basciacomari, Basciacomare, Italian ambassador ; d. 

1302 I.E. 

Bascle de Lagreze, Gustave, French magistrate and 

archaeologist ; h. 1805 or 11 F. 

Easco, Godislas, Tolish historian ; d. 1253 D. Q. 

Bascom, Henry Bidlemau, American Methodist bishop; 

1796—1850 a.e. 

Basedow, Johann-Bernhard, German theologian and 

writer ; 1723— 1790 C.D.E. 

Baseggio, Lorenzo, Italian mus. composer; 1700 D.K. 
Baseilliac, John, French lithotomist and author; 

1703—1781 R. 

Baselius, or Van-Basle, Jacob, Dutch ecclesiastic ; 

1530—1598 D.E. 

Baselius, Jacob, Dutch theol. and author ; 1630''' D. 
Baselius, Nicholas, Flemish surgeon ; 1577 Q.R. 

Baselli, Benoit, Italian surgeon ; d. 1621 D.E. 

Basevi, English architect ; 1795—1845 
Easha-W, Edward, English theol.; 1600*— 1671 CD. 
Bashkin, Matvsei Semenov, Russian religious fanatic ; 

1550* E. 

Basliuysen, Heinrich-Jacob van, German orientalist 

and author; 1679 — 1758 g.e. 

Basi, Antonio, Italian phys. and author ; 1500'^ D.I. 
Basiati, Marco, Italian painter ; 1510* B.T. 

Basignana, Giovanni Stefano de, Italian Carmelite 

and writer ; 1500 I.E. 

Basil, Turkish abbot and controversialist ; 428 E. 
Basil, Italian magician ; 504 R. 

Basil, Italian archimandrite, abbot of St Sabas ; 9th 

cent. R. 

Basil (the Greek), Ai-menian author ; 890* D.U. 

Basil.patriarchofConstantinopleandauthor; 970-5 R.u. 
Basil, emperor of Trebizond ; d. 1340 
Basil I. [the Macedonian), emperor of the East (867- 

86) ; 826*— 886 d.r. 

Basil II., emp. of the East (976-1025) ; 958-1025 d.r. 
Basil I., or Wassili, gd. prince of Moscow ; d. 1276 R. 
Basil II. (Donski), gd. prince of Moscow ; d. 1425 E, 
Basil III., grand prince of Moscow ; 1415—1462 E. 
Basil IV., grand prince of Moscow ; d. 1533 E. 

Basil, Camaterus, patriarch of Constantinople ; 

1181-7 u.E. 



Basil, prince of Moldavia ; 1600 D. 

Basil, Maloinus, abbot of St Laura and writer E. 

Basil, Schuiskoi, Russian nobleman and revolutionist ; 

1606 i;. 

Basil, Valentine, Russian alchemist ; 1413* D.E. 

Basil. See Basilius. 

Basile, councillor to Constantine VIL ; d. 961 D.U. 
Basile, Adriana, Italian poetess ; 17th cent. Ii.u. 

Basile, Ambroise, French litterateur ; d. 1800* U. 
Basile, Domenico, Italian poet ; 16th cent. D.R. 

Basile, Gennaro, Italian painter ; 1756 D.N. 

Basile, Giovanni-Battista, count of Torone, Italian 

poet ; d. 1692 r.u. 

Basile de Soissons, Fr. theol. and author ; 1670 D. 
Basiletti, Luigi, Italian painter; 1800 d.n. 

Basili, D. Andrea, Ital. mus. composer; d. 1775 D.K. 
Basili, D. Francesco, Ital. dramatic writer; 1650 D.K. 
Basili, Francesco, Italian musician ; b. 1766 D.K. 

Basili, Pierangiolo, Italian fresco painter; 1550*- 

1604* K.T. 

Basilico, Cyriaco, Italian litt. and poet ; 1670 D.I. 
Basilico, Geronimo, Italian jurist and author; d. 

1670 D.I. 

Basilides, Greek heresiarch ; d. 130 c.ii.u. 

Basilien, or BasiUanus, governor of Egypt ; 213 D. 
Basilina, second wife of Julius Constantine ; 330* d. 
BasiUo, Giovaim.!, Paduan jurist and cosmographer ; 

1310 I.E. 

Easiliscus, emperor of the East, 475; d. 477 d.e.u. 
Basilius (</je(?7-cnrc), bishop of Cajsarea (371-9), father 

of the Greek Church ; 329—379 D.K.U. 

Basilius, archbishop of Thessalonica ; 300—384 D.R. 
Basilius, bishoj) of Amasea, in Pontiis, saint and 

martyr ; 314 R. 

Basilius II., st. and martyr, bp. of Ancyra; d. 302 E.U. 
Basilius III., bishop of Ancyra ; 754 ' R. 

Basilius (the Ascetic), disciple of Marcian ; 4th cent. R. 
Basilius, bishop of Larissa, in Thessaly ; 431 K. 

Basilius, Roman cardinal ; 451 R. 

Basiliu^, bishop of Aquae Sextice (Aix) ; 449 E. 

Basilius, bishop of Antioch ; 456 E. 

Basilius, bishop of Trenopolis, in Cilicia ; 491 R. 

Basilius (the Blest), archbishop of Selucia, in Isauria, 

440; (/. 458 D.E.U. 

Basilius, Caicina Decius (the Patrician), prsefect of 

Rome; 463 E. 

Basilius, Fl. Crecina, consul of Rome ; 480 E. 

Basilius of Cilicia, ecclesiastical liistorian ; 520 
Basilius (the Patrician), master of the bedchamber to 

Constantine Porphyrogenitus ; 10th cent. P.E. 

Basilius, heresiarch of the Bogomili ; d. 1110 E.u. 
Basilius, Nicolas, German chronicler; 1500 D.Q. 

Basilius, P. do Glemona, French missionary and 

writer; 1726 E. 

Basilius, Stephanus, Hungarian writer R. 

Basilus of Achri, archbishop of Thessalonica ; 1155 R. 
Basilus, archbishop of Cajsarea ; 7th cent. R. 

Basilus, L. Minucius, Roman general ; B.C. 54 D.H.X. 
Basilus, Minucius, Roman legionary tribune; B.C. 

86 D.H.X. 

Basilus. See Basil. 
Easily, Francesco, Italian musician and composer of 

sacred music ; b. 1766 , K-K. 

Easimoff, Basmoff, or Baslienow, Russian architect ; 

d. 179S N.E. 

Basin, Bernard, Spanish theologian, canon of Sara- 

gossa; d. 1500 O-^- 

Basin, Jean, French litterateur; d. 1522 D.U. 

Basin, Simeon, French Dominican, poet and preacher; 

1608—1671 ., ^-U; 

Basin, Thomas, bishop of Lisieux, professor of law at 

Louvaiu, chronicler and moralist ; 1412—1491 D.E. 
Basine, consort of Chilperic I., and mother of Clovis; 

400 ^•^• 

Basing, Adam, mayor of London ; 1251 ■.n^d' 

Basing, Salmon, slier, of London, 1214 ; mayor, 1216 d. 
Basing, William, sheriff of London ; 1308 a. 



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108 



BAS 



Basing, or Basingstoke, Englisli theologian, gram- 
marian, and mathematician ; d. 1252 D. K. 

Easinio de Basinii, Ital. Latin poet; 1425—1457 d.r. 

Basinus, or Bisinus, king of Thuringia ; 460 ii. 

Basire Isaac, English theologian, traveller, and writer; 
1607—107(5 E.W. 

Basire, Isaac, Eug. printer and engraver ; 1704—1768 R. 

Basire, James, Englisli engraver ; 1730—1802 C.R.U. 

Basire, James, English engraver ; 1769—1822 D.R. 

Basius, Johannes, (xerman advocate ; d. 1600" R. 

Baskerville, Hannibal, English antiquary ; d. 1668 

Baskerville, Humphrey, sheriff of Loudon ; 1561 d. 

Baskerville, John, English letter-founder and printer ; 
1706—1775 C.R.U. 

Baskerville, Sir Simon, English phys.; 1573"'''— 1641 c. 

Basko, Polish historian ; 1350" E. 

Baskual, Paskual, or Pasqual, Abul Hussem, Spanish 
lexicogi-apher ; d. 1182 D.U. 

Basmadji {Ibrahim Effendi), Hungarian printer at 
Constantinoiile, and renegade ; d. 1746 R.u. 

Basmaison, Jean de, Fr. jurist and author; d. 1600 R. U. 

Basmanov, Alexis Danilovitch, Kussian noble and 
military officer ; d. 1571 R. 

Basmanov, Ivan Pheodorvitch, Eussian military 
officer ; d. aft. 1623 R. 

Basma.nov. Peter Pheodorvitch, Paissian military 
officer ; d. 1604 R. 

Basnage, Antoine, French Protestant minister; 1610— 
1691 _ _ C.R.U. 

Basnage, Benjamin, French Protestant minister and 
author; 1580-1652 C.R.U. 

Easnage, Henri de Beauval, French journalist; 1656 — 
1710 _ C.D.R. 

Basnage, Henri de Fraquenay, French jurist and 
author ; 1615— 1695 u.E.W. 

Basnage, Jacqixcs de Beauval, French Protestant 
minister and eccles. historian ; 1653 — 1723c. D.E.w. 

Basnage, Samuel de Flottemauville, French ecclesi- 
astical historian ; 1638 — 1721 D.R. 

Basoli, Antonio, Italian painter ; 1800 D. 

Basaue, Michel le. Buccaneer commander in Vene- 
zuela ; 1660 R. 

Eass, Edward, American theologian; 1726 — 1803 D.U. 

Bass, George, English naval surgeon and explorer; 
1797 R. 

Bass, Henry, German surgeon and medical wiiter; 
1090—1754 D.R. 

Bass, Michael Thomas, English politician ; h. 1837 

Bassa, Don Pedro-Holasco, Span, colonel; d. 1835 D.U. 

Bassseus, Prastorian prefect ; 168 H. 

Bassseus, Nicolaus, German printer and publisher ; 
1590 K.U. 

Bassal, Jean, French ecclesiastic, revolutionary agent, 
and diplomatist ; 1750*— 1802 F.R. 

Eassau. See Eassano. 

Eassand, Jean-Baptiste, French physician to the 
emperor of Austria ; 1680 — 1742 D.R. 

Eassani, or Bassiano, Alessaudro, Neapolitan advo- 
cate ; d. 1495* D.R. 

Bassani, Alessaudro, of Padua, Italian author ; 16th 
cent. D.R. 

Bassani, Geronimo, Italian di-amatic composer and 
contrapuntist; 1700* D.K. 

Bassani, Giovanni, Ital. music composer ; 1600* k.r. 

Eassani, Giovanni-Battista, Italian music composer ; 
h. 1657* D.K. 

Bassani, Jacopo- Antonio, Italian Jesuit i^reacher ; 
1686—1747 i.R. 

Bassani, Luigi, Italian historian ; 1650 d.i. 

Bassani, Matteo- Antonio, Italian lawyer ; 1757 d.i. 

Bassanino, Francesco, Ital. ecclesiastic ; ISthcent. I.R. 

Eassano, Alvaro de, marquis de Santa Cruz, Spanish 
admiral ; d. 1588 E. 

Eassano, Anuibale, Italian architect ; 1493 N.E. 

Eassano, Csesare, Milanese painter and engraver ; h. 
1584, d. 1630 D.R. 

Eassano, Eugene, Marquis de, French writer ; 1848 F. 



Eassano, Francesco da Ponte, Italian j)ainter; 1475 — 

1530 D.N.R.T. 

Eassano, Francesco da Ponte, Italian painter ; 1550 — 

1592 D.N.R.T. 

Eassano, Giovanni da Ponte, Italian painter ; 1553 — 

1613 D.N.R.T. 

Eassano, Girolamo da Ponte, Italian painter ; 1560 — 

1622 D.N.R.T. 

Eassano, Jacopo (iAeJJWcr), Ital. ptr. ; 1510— 1592 n.t. 
Eassano, Leandro da Ponte, Italian portrait ijaiuter ; 

1558—1623 D.R. 

Eassano, Martinello da, Italian painter ; 1262* R.T. 
Eassano, Napoleon Joseph Hugues Maret, Due de, 

French diplomatist ; h. 1803 P. 

Bassano. See Bassini, Bassiani, and Bassiano. 
Eassantin, James, Scotti.sli astronomer and author ; 

1504*— 1508 C.R.U. 

Bassanville, Anais {Lchrun), Fr. authoress; h. 1800 f. 
Bassaratoa, Constantin-Braueovan, prince of Valachia ; 

d. 1714 D.U. 

Bassas, B.arthflemy, Fr. brave grenadier ; d. 1799 D. 
Bassasiri, lloostan Abu'l-Hareth Al-Modhaffer, Turk- 
ish military officer ; 1055 E. 
Basse, "William, English author ; 17tli cent. E. 
Basse, or De la Bassee, Eloi, French theologian ; 

1585—1670 D.U. 

Bassee, Bonaventure de la, French Capuchin and 

author d. 1650 D.R. 

Basselin, OHve, French poet ; d. 1418 or 19 d.r. 

Eassen, B (?) van, Dutch architectural painter; 

1650* N.E. 

Bassenge, Jean Nicolas, Belgian poet; 1758-1811 d.r. 
Bassenn, Theodore Kegnier de, Dutch lawyer and 

author ; 1700 D. Q. 

Easseporte, Madeleine Fran^oise, French flower and 

bird ijainter ; 1701 — 17S0 D.R. 

Bassermann, Frederic-Daniel, German publicist and 

politician ; b. 1811 d. 

Basset, French phj'sician ; 1750 d.u. 

Basset, Antoine and Andre, French engravers E. 

Basset, Cesar-Auguste, French Benedictine writer; 

1760—1828 D.R. 

Basset, Claude, French litterateur ; 1657—1685 D. u. 
Basset, Francois, French i^rintseller and engraver E. 
Basset, Frangoise, French female engraver; 1780* D.N. 
Basset, Fulk, bishop of London, 1244 ; d. 1259 d.L 
Basset, Fulk, abp. of Dublin, 1256 ; d. 1271 cm. 
Basset, Jeau-Guido, French lawyer ; 1090 D.Q. 

Basset, John, English writer on navigation ; 1644 R. 
Basset, Peter, English author; 15th cent. c.R. 

Basset, Sir Bobert, sheriff of London, 1463; lord 

mayor, 1475 d. 

Basset de la Marelle, Louis, French jurist and magis- 

+*»rj4-g • fJ 17"*^)*! T TT 

Bassett, Alan, English judge, 1217 ; d. 1232 '/• 

Bassett, Philip, English judge, 1261 ; d. 1271 /. 

Bassett, Simon, English judge ; 1197 /. 

Bassett, Thomas, EngHsh judge, 1262 ; d. 1268 /. 

Bassett, Thomas, Eng. lawyer and author; 1750 D.Q. 

Bassett, William, English judge ; 1226 /. 

Bassett, WilHam, English judge ; 1337 /. 

Bassetti, Marcantonio, Veronese painter ; 15SS — 
1630 _ B.T. 

Bassetti, Simone, Italian autlior ; 1016 d.r, 

Basseville, Nicholas-John Hugou de, French diploma- 
tist; d. 1793 c.U. 

Eassewitz, Heinrich Friederich, German ambassador 
to Bussia, and historian ; 1680 — 1749 D.R. 

Bassi, Bartolomeo, Italian painter ; 1600 D. 

Bassi, Italian singer ; 1797 R. 

Bassi, Bartolomeo, Italian painter; d. 1650* N.E. 

Bassi, Ferdinando, Italian naturalist ; d. 1774 D. R. 

Bassi, Francesco (II Cremonese da Pacsi) Italian 
landscape ijaiiiter ; 1642 — 1700* E.T. 

Bassi, Francesco, Italian painter ; 16.52—1732 R.T. 

Bassi, Francesco, Bolog. painter, pupil to Fasinelli T. 

Bassi, Giovanni-Maria, Bolognese sculptor j 1710 D. 



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109 



BAS 



Bassi, Giiiseiipe, count of Villetri, Ital. wiit. ; 1G30* I. K. 
Bassi, Hugo Visconti de, Ital. intriguer; 14th cent. R.U. 
Bassi, Juiio, Italian mathematician ; ]650 D.I. 

Bassi, Laure-Maria-Caterina, Italian authoress and 

professor of philosophy ; 1711—1778 C.D.R. 

Bassi, Martino, Milanese architect ; 16th cent. D.R. 
Bassi, M. , secretary to the prince of Conde ; 1760 D. 
Bassi, Pietro Andrea de, Italian poet ; 1470'' l.B. 
Bassi. See Basso. 
Bassiani, Bernardino, Italian painter and engraver ; 

1641 U.K. 

Bassiani, Giovanni, Italian lawyer ; 12th cent. D. 
Bassiano, Landi [Bassianus Landus), Italian physi- 
cian and philosophical writer ; d. 1562 U.K. 
Bassiano, Ulise, Itahan poet ; 1549 I.K. 
Bassiano. See Bassini and Bassano. 
Bassianus, Johannes, Italian jurist ; 12th cent. E. 
Bassignano, Baldo da, Italian poet R. 
Bassinet, I'Abbe Alexander- Joseph de, French jour- 
nalist and liistorian ; 1733—1813 D.F. 
Bassingborne, Humphrey de, archdeacon of Salis- 
bury ; English judge ; 1206 /. 
Bassini, Tommaso, Modenese painter; 14th cent. e.t. 
Bassinon, PhUip, Italian contrapuntist and author ; 

1510 B. 

Bassius, I\I. Ceionius Virius, consul of Rome ; 271 H. 
Bassius, Hcinrich, German phys. ; 1690—1754 c.u.u. 
Basso, Antonio, NeapoUtan poet and jurist ; 1647 I.E. 
Basso, Carlo Andrea, Ital. religioiis writ. ; 17tli cent. I. E. 
Basso, Giovanni, Italian doctor of phQosophy I. u. 
Basso, Girolamo, Blilanese i^hysician i.R. 

Basso, Simone, Italian poet ; 1600 D.I.R. 

Basso. See Bassi, 

Bassol, John, Scottish savant and author; c?.1347 C.D.R. 
Bassolis, John de, Scottish theologian ; 14th cent. u. 
Bassompierre, i^'ranpois dc. Baron, marshal of France; 

1579—1646 C.D.u. 

Bassot, Jacques, pseudonym of a French waiter on 

giants ; 17 th cent. R.u. 

Bassotti, Giovanni-Francesco, Ital. painter; 1665* t.r. 
Bassuel, Pierre, French surgeon and medical writer ; 

1706—1757 i>-E. 

Eassus, Caesius, Roman lyric poet, 40* ; d. 79 D. X. 
Eassus, Q.'Caecilius, a Roman knight, adherent of 

Pompey ; B.C. 48 H.x. 

Bassus, consul of Rome, 258-9 ; others of this name, 

331, 408, and 431 H. 

Bassus, Roman epic poet ; 60 D.X.H. 

Bassus, Antonio Maria, poet of Cremona; 16th cent. R. 
Bassus, Cueius Aufidius Crestus, Roman orator and 

historian; 60 D.E. 

Bassus, C. Lecanius, consul of Rome ; 64 H. 

Bassus, John-Mary, Baron de, German painter and 

musician ; 1769 — 1830 D. 

Bassus, Lucilius, Roman prefect of the fleet ; 69 D. 
Bassus, L. Flavins Silva Nonius, consul of Rome ; 81 H. 
Bassus, Pomponius, consul of Rome ; 211 D.H. 

Bassus, Sept., consul of Rome ; 317 H. 

Bassviile, Nicolas Jean Hugon de, French writer and 

diplomatist ; d. 1793 D.E. 

Bast, Dominic de, Dutch landscape painter ; 1800 d. 
Bast, Friedrich-Jacob, German diplomatist and hel- 

lenist ; 1772-1812 E.u. 

Bast, Laviu Amand Maria de, Flemish engraver and 

artist; 1787—1832 E.u. 

Bast, Louis- Amediie de, French novelist ; 6. 1795 d.f. 
Bast, IMartin - Jean de, Flemish arch?eologist and 

priest ; 1753—1825 D.u. 

East, Peter, engraver; 1598 n.e. 

Basta, George, Albanian cavalry oiiicer and author ; 

d. 1607 , c.R.u. 

Basta, Giuseppe, Italian jurist and author ; 1743— 

1819 D.E. 

Bastard, or Bestard, painter of Majorca d.n. 

Bastard, Dominique de, French magistrate; 1683 — 

1777 E.u. 

Bastard, Frangois de, Fr. magistrate ; 1722—1780 R.u. 



Bastard, or Eastart, Guillaume de, French noble and 

military officer ; (/. 1447 D.E. 

Bastard, John PoUexfen, English patriot and M.P.; 

d. 1816 E. 

Bastard, Thomas, English clergyman and Latin poet ; 

1557*— 1618 c.E.w. 

Bastard, T., French botanist and author ; 1810 D. 
Bastard d'Estang, Dominique Francois Marie, Comte 

de, Fr. magistrate and politician ; 1783—1844 D.F. 
Bastard d'Estang, Henri Bruno de, French magis- 
trate ; h. 1798 F. 
Bastard d'Estang, Jean Denis Leon de, French 

writer ; b. 1822 f. 

Bastard d'Estang, Jean Francois Auguste de, French 

officer ; b. 1794 f. 

Bastardi, Zaccheria, Italian ecclesiastic; d. 1650* i.e. 
Bastaro, Giuseppe del, Italian painter ; 1635* D.E. 
Bastaruolo, II, or FiLippo Mazzuoli, Ferrarese 

painter; d. 1589 t. 

Baste, Pierre, French rear-admiral and colonel ; 1768 — 

1814 D.E. 

Bastell, Andrea, Italian physician ; 1590* D. 

Bastenaire-Daudenart, F., French manufacturer and 

writer on pottery ; 1820 D. 

Baster, Job, Dutch naturalist and philosophical writer; 

1711—1775 D.E, 

Basterlo, Nicolao di Carmagnola, Italian theologian 

and philosoi^her ; 1610 D.E. 

Basterreche, Jean-Pien-e, French financier and author ; 

1762-1827 D. 

Bastholm, Christian, Danish ecclesiastic and author ; 

1740-1819 G.R. 

Bastiani, Francesco, Venetian engraver E. 

Bastiani, Giuseppe, Itixlian painter ; 1594 E.T. 

Bastiani, Jacoppo Felippo, Ital. phys. ; d. 1746 D.I. 
Bastiani, I'Abbe N., Italian adventurer, favourite of 

Frederic the Great ; d. 1787 D.u. 

Bastiano, Francesco di, Italian painter and sculptor ; 

1480 D.T. 

Bastiano di San Gallo, Italian artist ; 15th cent. d. 
Bastiat, Frederic, French economist and author; 

1801—1850 D. 

Bastidas, Rodriguesdo, Spanish navigator ; 1490* D.u. 
Bastide, Fernando, Spanish theologian E. 

Bastide, Jean - Franjois de, French writer; 1724— 

1798 C.D.E. 

Bastide, Jenny (Dufourquet), Fr. authoress ; b. 1792 f. 

Bastide, Jules, Fr. journalist and polit. ; b. ISOO M. 

Bastide, J. H., English artist ; 18th cent. E. 

Bastide, Louis, French theol. and jurist; 1700 D.E. 

Bastide, Louis, French poet ; b. 1805* F. 

Bastide, Marc, French Benedictine and author; d. 
1663 D.E. 

Bastide, JIarc-Antoine de la, French Protestant con- 
troversialist and diplomatist ; 1624 — 1704 D.E. 

Bastide, Philippe, French Benedictine writer ; 1620 — 
1690 D.E. 

Bastien, Jean-Francois, French bookseller and writer 
upon agriculture ;' 1747—1824 D.E, 

BastineUer, Andreas, German lawyer and writer ; 
1650—1724 D. 

BastineUer, Gebhard-Christian, German lawyer and 
writer on law ; 1689—1755 D.Q, 

Bastlneller, Johann Friederich, German lawyer; 
1682-1754 D.Q. 

Bastini, Vicenzo, Italian musician ; 1550 K-E, 

Basttniano, Sebastiano Felippi [le Gratello), Italian 
painter; 1523—1602 . D.T.U. 

Bastiou, Yves, French pedagogue and writer of ele- 
mentary works; 1751— 1814 D-E-U. 

Baston, GuiUaume-Andre-Rene, French theologian, 
bishop of Seez ; 1741—1825 B-U. 

Baston, Josquin, Flemish mixs. composer; 155b p.K. 

Baston, Robert, Enghsh poet-laureate and historian ; 
d. 1310* O.D.E. 

Baston, T., English marine painter ; 1721 b.k. 

Bastoul, Louis, French general ; 1753—1801 D.u. 



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110 



BAT 



Bastwick, John, English ph3^sici;m and controvertist, 

1593; d. aft. 1648 C.R.u. 

Basuel, Francois, French eccles. writ.; 16th cent. d.r. 

BasviUe, Lemoignon de, French historian ; 1590 D. 

Basjnae, Thomas, sheriff of London ; 1269 d. 

Baszko, Godislas, Polish canon and chronicler ; 13th 

cent. D.U. 

Baszlcovius, Ivan, Polish divine ; 1700 R. 

Bat, Gerard, lord mayor of London ; 1240 d. 

Bat, Humphrey, sheriff of London ; 1250 d. 

BataccM, Doraenico, Italian poet and novelist ; 1749 — 

1802 K.u. 

Bataglia, N., Italian colonel of the Guard of Honour ; 

1810 D.F. 

Bataglioli, Francesco, Italian landscape i>ainter R. 

Bataillard, Charles, French litterateur ; 1800 D.F. 

Bataillard, Paul Theodore, French litt. ; b. 1816 r. 

Bataille, Gabriel, French lutist ; 1600 d.k. 

Bataille, M. Eugene, French politician ; h. 1814 F. 

Bataj, Georgius, Transylvanian theol. writer; 1052 R. 

Batalus, of Ephesus, Greek flute-iilayer ; 4th cent. 

B.C. E.X. 

Batallier, Jean, French Dominican ; 15th cent. d. 

Battoie, Anselmo Polycarpe, French jurist and law 

writer ; 6. 1828 
Bate, George, English physician and historian ; 1608 — 
1669 c.K.u. 

Bate, Henry, Englisli comic poet and journalist ; 18th 
cent. U.W. 

Bate, James, English divine, scholar, and author ; 
1703—1775 c. 

Bate, John, English ecclesiastical writer, and x^rior of 
the Carmelites of York ; d. 1429 C.R. 

Bate, Jules, English theologian ; d. 1771 CD. 

Bate, Peter, sheriff of London ; 1213 d. 

Batecunitoe, or Badecomtoe, William, English mathe- 
matician ; 1420" C.D.R. 
Eatelier. See Bathelier. 

Bateman, Sir Anthony, lord mayor of London ; 1663 d. 

Bateman, Sir James, sheriff of London, 1701 ; lord 

mayor, 1717 d. 

Bateman, Kate Josejihine, American actress ; h. 1842 

Bateman, Thomas, English physician and medical 

writer ; 1778— 1821 d.r. 

Bateman, "William, bishop of Norwicli (1344), founder 

of Trinity House, Cambridge, anddipL; d. 1355 d.l.'R. 

Bateman, William Bateman Hanbury, English peer 

and lord-lieutenant ; 6. 1826 F. 

Batement, S., English painter ; 18th cent. D.R. 

Baten, Henri, Flemish astronomer ; 13tli cent. D. R. 

Batencourt, Lucas le, sheriff' of Loudon ; 1267 d. 

Baterley, or Barley, John, abp. of Tuam ; 1427 c. 

Bates, Barnabas, American promoter of cheap postage ; 

1785-1853 e. 

Bates, David, American poet ; 1848 a. 

Bates, Edward, American jurist and statesman ; h. 

1793; d. 1869 e.ji. 

Bates, James, English scholar ; 1587 q. 

Bates, John, English organist and music composer ; 

1740—1799 D.U. 

Bates, Joshua, American financier ; h. 1788 e. 

Bates, Joshua, Amer. divine and scholar ; 1776 — 1854 e. 

Bates, William, English Presbyterian theologian; 

1625—1699 ciD.R. 

Bates, W. E., English coast scene painter; h. 1812 B. 

Batesford, John de, English judge ; 1307 /. 

Bateson, Thomas, English organist ; 1600 d.k. 

Bateson, Sir Thomas, English politician ; h. 1819 

BatevU, Anketin de, sheriff' of London ; 1283 d. 

Bath. See Pulteney. 

Bathe, Henry de, English justice ; 1260 c.w. 

Bathe, William, Irish Jesuit at Siilamanca and au- 
thor; 1564—1614 C.K.E. 
Bathelier, Jacques le, sicur d'Aviron, French advo- 
cate ; 1586 C.P.R.U. 
Eathem, Battem, or Battum, Gerard van, Dutch 
landscape painter ; d, 1690* D.K. 



Eathenus, Scottish saint ; 606* R. 

Bathilde. See Batilda. 

Bathonia, Hervey de, English chief justice, 1247 ; 
d. 1273 /. 

Bathori, Christ., prince of Transylvania; d. 1.581 D.U. 

Bathori, Elizabeth, Princess, niece of Stei^hen Bathori, 
king of Poland ; d. 1614 D.U. 

Bathori, Gabor or Gabriel, sovereign of Transylvania ; 
d. 1G13 D.R.D. 

Bathori, Ladislaus, Hungarian savant ; 1456* R.u. 

Bathori, Sigismond, Turkish adventurer, sovereign of 
Transylvania; d. 1613 d.r.u. 

Bathori, Sophia, Hungai-ian princess; 17th cent. D.u. 

Bathori, or Bathory, Stephen, prince of Traasylvania, 
seigneur of Somlyo, and king of Poland (1575-86) ; 
1532—1586 B.U. 

Bathurst, AUen, first Earl, English statesman; 1684— 
1775 R. u. 

Bathurst, Allen Alexander, Eng. politician ; h. 1832 

Bathurst, Benjamin, Eng. dipl. agent ; 1784—1809 R. 

Bathurst, Henry, lord bishop of Norwich (1805) ; 
1744-1837 d.l.-R. 

Bathurst, Henry, Earl, Baron Aspley, chancellor of 
England ; 1714-1794 /.i;.R.u. 

Bathurst, Henry, Earl, Eng. polit. ; 1762—1834 c.D.R. 

Bathurst, Henry George Bathurst, Earl, English peer ; 
6. 1790 F. 

Bathurst, Ralph, English poet, phdosoiiher, and theo- 
logian ; 1620—1704 c.D.R. 

Bathurst, Theodore, English author ; 17th cent. K. 

Bathurst, Walter, English naval officer ; d. 1827 R. 

Bathyani, or Battyany, Balthasar, Hung-arian war- 
rior ; (/. 1590 R.U. 

Bathyani, Benedict, treas. of Vladislav II. ; 1509 R.u. 

Bathyani, Carl-Johann, Prince, Hungarian field-mar- 
shal in the Austrian service ; 1697 — 1772 D.u. 

Bathyani, Casimir, Count, Hungarian statesman ; 
1807—1854 D.u. 

Bathyani, Francis, Hungarian mUit. officer ; 1514 r.u. 

Bathyani, Ignatz, Count, bishop of Transylvania and 
author; 1741—1798 D.R.U. 

Bathyani, Joseph Graf von, Austrian primate of Hun- 
gary, and archbishop of Gran ; 1727 — 1799 g.r. 

Bathyani, Louis, Count, Hungarian statesman ; 1809 — 
1849 _ D.u. 

Bathyani, Wolfgang Farkash, Hungarian military 
commander ; 1550 R. 

Bathyani-Strattmann, Philip, Aust. prince; h. 1781 f. 

Bathycles, Greek sculptor ; B.C. 530 u.x. 

BathyUus of Alexandria, Roman freedman and pan- 
tomimist ; B.C. 30 U.X. 

Batigne, French physician and author ; c7. 1773 D. 

Batilda, St, English slave, consort of Clovis II., 649 ; 
d. 680 D.R.U. 

Batinskof, or Batiushkov, Constantin - Nicola witch, 
Pv,ussian writer ; 1787- 1816 d.k. 

Batiste, N., Italian violinist ; ISth cent. d.r. 

Batistin, Jean Baptiste Stuck, French musician and 
composer ; d. 1755 d.k. 

Batizi, Andreas and Michael, Hungarian writers ; 
16th cent.* D.R. 

Batka, Anthony, Bohemian singer; 1759—1820 D.K. 

Batka, Johann, Bohemian pianist ; h. 1791 D.K.u. 

Batka, Lorenzo, Bohemian musician K.R. 

Batka, Martin, Bohemian violinist; d. 1779 D.K.U. 

Batka, Michel, Bohemian violinist ; 1755—1810 D.K.U. 

Batka, Wenceslas, Bohemian musician ; d. 1800 d.k.u. 

Batley, , Eng. engraver ia mezzotinto ; 1770 B.R. 

Batlowsky, A., Polish painter ; 1698 d.r. 

Batman, Stephen, English prelate, poet, and miscel- 
laneous writer ; d. 1587 C.R. 

Batmanson, John, English theologian and author ; 
d. 1.531 c.D.R. 

Bato, comic Avriter, quoted by Athonasus 

Bato, rhetorician and hist., mentioned by Athenseus 

Baton, Greek rhetorician and historian; B.C. 277 D.x. 

Baton, Greek comic poet ; B.C. 280 D.x, 



BAT 



111 



BAT 



Baton, Charles, French musician ; d. 1758 D.K. 

Batoni, Pompeo Gu-olamo, Italian painter; 1708 — 
1787 C.E.T. 

Batracus, Greek architect k. 

Batscll, August- Johann-Georg-Carl, German natural- 
ist ; 17G1— 1802 c.D.n. 

Batt, Bartholomee, Flemish Protestant theologian ; 
1515—1559 _ E.u. 

Batt, Charles, Flemish physician, surgeon, and medi- 
cal writer ; 1595 D.K. 

Batt, Conrad, German physician ; 1573 — 1G05 E. U. 

Batt, Cornelius, Dutch geographer and i)h3-sician ; 
1449—1517 D.R. 

Batt, Jacob, secretary of tlie town of Bergen -op- 
Zoom ; 1500 E.U. 

Batt, Lieven, Flemish physician ; 1545—1591 E.U. 

Batt, WiUiam, English physician ; 1744— 1S12 E. 

. Batta, Alexander, Dutch violoncellist ; b. 1816 P. 

Battaglia and Biondo, Sicilian archts. ; 18th cent. e. 

Battaglia, or Battalea, Aron, Ital. scholar; 1540 d.i. 

Battaglia, Cesare, Milanese philosopher and scholar ; 
b. 1605 i.e. 

Battaglia, Dionisio, Italian painter ; 1547 E. t. 

Battaglia, Francesco, Venetian senator ; d. 1799 D.E. 

Battaglia, Francesco IMaria, Milanese devotional 
writer ; 17th cent. I.E. 

Battaglini, Fran., Ital. noble and author; IGIO'" i.e. 

Battagllni, Marco, bishop of Ceseua, and writer ; 
1645—1717 CLE. 

BattaU, Eobert, high admiral of England ; 1322 

Battaille, Charles Amabale, Fr. music writer ; b. 1822 

Battalus, or Batalus, of Eijhesu?, Greek flute plaver ; 
B.C. 408 ' D. 

Battara, Giuseppe-Antonio, Italian priest, botanist, 
and writer on natural history ; d. 17<S0 D.E. 

Battel, Andrew, EngUsh traveller ; 15G5* — 1640* D. E. 

Battelll, Giovanni Cristoforo, archbishop of Amasia, 
antiqxiary, and author ; 1G58 — 1725 D.i. 

Battely, John, English prelate and antiquary ; 1647 — 
1708 c.E. 

Batten, Adrian, organist and master of the choir of 
St Paul's, London ; 1650 p. K. 

Battera, Doroteo, Cai^uchin preacher ; IGtli cent. D.E. 

Batteux, Charles, French academician, author, and 
philosopher; 1713—1780 C.d.g. 

Batthori. See Bathori. 

Battle, "William, English II. D., hellenist, and medical 
writer; 1704 — 1776 c.d.e. 

Battier, Samuel, Swiss physician and philosopher ; 
16G7— 1744 _ D.E. 

Battier, Simon, Swiss jurist, philosopher, and author ; 
1629—1861 D.u. 

Battiferri, Laura, Italian poetess ; 1523—1589 i.u. 

Battiferri, Luigi, Ital. music composer ; d. 1750* d.k. 

Battiferri, Matteo, Italian physician; 15th cent. I.E. 

Battimo, Antonio, Neapolitan jurist ; 1475* i.e. 

Battinelli, Francesco, Italian historian ; d. 1674 D.i.u. 

Battishill, -Jonathan, English musician and comijoser ; 
1738-1801 C.K.E. 

Battista, Italian Latin poet ; 1436—1516 e. 

Battista, doge of Genoa ; 1483 E. 

Battista (i^en'aweso), Italian poet ; 1494" D.E.u. 

Battista, Giuseppe, Italian poet ; d. 1G75 k.u. 

Battista, Ignazio, Italian savant ; 1543'' E. u. 

Battista, Spagnuolo (the Mantouan), Italian general 
of the Carmelites ; 1436 — 1516 D.u. 

Battista, D'Agnolo [Battista del Mora), Italian 
painter ; 1570'' D. T. 

Battista. See Baptista and Baptist. 

Battiste, Juan, Mexican theologian ; 1590 D.e.e.u. 

Battistella, Francesco, Italian litterateur ; 1620 D.I. 

Battistella, Jacoppo, Italian poet ; 1600 d.i. 

BattisteUi, Pietro-Francesco, Bolognese ptr. ; 1624 D. 

Battisti, Bartolomeo, Italian physician in the Aus- 
trian service, and author ; 1755 — 1831 E.u. 

Battisti, Loretto de, Italian physician and author ; 
1700 D. 



Battistine, Giacomo, Italian composer of sacred 
music ; 1700 d.k.e. 

Battistini, Fran., Ital. improvisatore; 1747-1825 d!e! 

Batto, a statuary mentioned by Pliny 

Batton, De'sire-Alexandrc, French musical and oper- 
atic composer ; 1797— 1855 D.F.K. 

Battu, Ldon, French dramatist ; 1825—1857 p.' 

Battus, Bartholomjeus, German professor of logic and 
theologian ; 1571—1639 r. 

Battus I., king of Cyrene ; B.C. 630 H.K.X 

Battus II. {the Happ>/) ; b.c. 583—560 d.h.x. 

Battus m. [the Cripple) ; B.C. 5.50— .^30 d.h.x. 

Batty, George, proprietor of "Batty's Menagerie:" 
1803—1867 

Batty, Lieut. -Col. Robert, Eng. artist'; 1789—1848 E. 

Battyany. See Bathyani. 

Batu, Batou, or Batliy, grand-son of Jenghis-Khan ; 
d. 1255 K.U. 

Batuta, Abu Alxlallah Mohammed Ebn Abdallah Ebn 
Batuta, Moorish traveller ; 1328 d.k, 

Batz, Jean, Baron de, French general and representa- 
tive ; 1760—1822 _ d.r. 

Batz, Johann Friederich, German philosopher and 
theologian ; b. 1770 r. 

Batz, Johann Joseph, German theol. ; 1775—1813 E. 

Batz, Manaud, Baron de, French warrior ; 1577 D.E. 

Batz, Richard, English divine and essayist ; 1732 c.w. 

Batzoni Intze, Matthias, German scholar and author ; 
d. 1735 D. 

Bauch, M. A., German organist and music composer; 
1790 D. 

Bauchart, Quentin, Fr. counsellor of state; b. 1810 f. 

Bauchart, Quentin Frau9ois Victor Adele Edouard 
Ernest, French lawyer ; 6. 1829 F. 

Bauchereau, Gilbert, French juvenile poet ; h. 1574 D. 

Bauchereau, Richemont, French jurist and romance 
writer ; b. 1612 d.u. 

Baucliery, Francis Roland, French litt. ; h. 1808* F. 

Baucinetus, Guillaume, Fr. phys. and author; 1600 D. 

Baucio, Carlo, Italian theol. and author; 1640 d.i. 

Baud, French manufacturer and inventor ; 1796 D.K. 

Baudan, Antoine, French architect ; 1630 D.u. 

Baudart, "Wilhelm, Dutch theologian, litterateur, 
and translator ; 1.564—1640 C.D.E.W. 

Baude, Elphege, French engineer; 6. 1826 F. 

Baude, Henri, French poet and prose-writer ; 1430 — 
1495 D.W. 

Baude, Jean Jacques, Baron, Fr. politician ; b. 1792 F. 

Baude, Louis, French engineer ; 6. 1804 F, 

Baude de la Quarriere, French tioubadour ; 1250 D. 

Baudeau, Jacques, French archasologist ; 1680 D. 

Baudeau, Nicolas, prior of St L6, French economist, 
and author ; 1730-1792 D.F. 

Baudelocque, Jean - Louis, French accoucheur and 
surgical writer ; 1746 — 1810 E.u. 

Baudelocque, Louis Auguste, French physician and 
WTiter; 1835 F. 

Baudelot de Dairval, Charles-Cesar, French anti- 
quary, academician, and author ; 1648 — 1722 C.D.E. 

Baudement, Emile, French naturalist ; b. 1810 F. 

Baudement, N , French librarian ; h. 1800"' F. 

Baudemond, Flemish abbot and writer ; 690 D. 

Baudens, Jean Baptiste Louis, French surgeon and 
author ; 1804—1857 . D-F. 

Bauder, Johann - Friedrich, German councillor of 
commerce, and author ; 1711 — 1791 D.G. 

Bauderon, Antoine, French poet ; 1643—1737 D.U. 

Bauderon, Brice, French physician and medical 
writer ; 1539—1623 c.D.E. 

Bauderon, Brice, sieur de Senece, French litterateur; 
1613—1698 , ^ D- 

Bauderon, Gratien, sieur de Senecs, French physi- 
cian; 1583-1615 -.nr^''"' 

Baudesson, Nicolas, French flower pamter; 1009 or 

13-1680 ^„ „_ 15. E. 

Baudot, Etienne, French engraver; 164o— lab B.U. 

Baudet, Gui, bishop of Langres ; d. 1339 D. 



BAU 



112 



BAIT 



Eaudet Dulary, N , French pliys. ; Ij. 1790* F. 

Baudet-Lafarge, French representative ; h. 1804 F. 

Baudier, Dominique, Dutch hist, and poet; 1561 — 1654 

Baudier, Blichel, historiographer to Louis XIII. ; 
1589"— 1050 c.D.G. 

Baudia, French episcopal vicar and hospital adminis- 
trator; 1706*— 1830 D. 

Baudin, Alexandre-Louis, French litt. ; h. 1796 D. 

Baudin, Charles [des Ardennes), French vice-admiral ; 
h. 1784 D. 

Baudin, Desire-Pierre, French engineer ; h. 1809 F. 

Baudin,Jean-Baptiste-Alplronse- Victor, French physi- 
cian and medical writer ; 1801 — 1851 D. 

Baudin, Nicolas, French navigator and botanist ; 
1750—1803 F.G. 

Baudin, Pierre-Charles-Louis {des Ardennes), French 
academician, representative, and author ; 1748— 
1799 D.u. 

Baudinot, Palamede, Fr. moralist and writ.; 1600 D.U. 

Baudio, Godefroy - Leonard, German antiquary and 
author ; d. 1760* d.q. 

Baudiot, Chas. Nicolas, Fr. violoncellist ; b. 1773 d.k. 

Baudis, Joachim, German phys. and author ; 1590 D. 

Baudis, or Baudissin, Wolf Heinrich von, Danish 
military commander ; d. 1G50 E. 

Baudissin, Otho Frederic Magnus de, Danish mili- 
tary commander ; b. 1792 F. 

Baudissin, Wolf Heinrich Friederich Carl, Count, 
German litterateur ; b. 1789 D.F. 

Baudius, Dominique, savant, historiau, and poet of 
Leyden ; 1561—1613 C.R.U. 

Baudoui, or Bauduin (de Conde), Fr. poet; 1220'' d.u. 

Baudoin, Noel, Fr. contrapuntist and singer ; 1500'-" D. K. 

Baudoin. See Baudouin and Baldwin. 

Baudoin des Autiex, or des Autels, French poet 
and musician ; 1250 D. 

Baudory, Joseph du, French Jesuit and litterateur ; 
1710—1749 E.u. 

Baudot, Auguste-Nicolas, Fr. general ; 1765—1801 D. 

Baudot, Fi-an^ois, French archaeologist and anti- 
quary, 1638*— 1711 D.U. 

Baudot, Marc- Antoiu e, French member of the National 
Convention; d. 1830 D.F.u. 

Baudot, Pierre-Louis, French archaeologist and author; 
1760—1816 D.u. 

Baudot de Juilly, Nicolas, Fr, hist. ; 1678—1759 D.u. 

Baudouin. Sec also Balduin and Baldwin, the names 
of a number of x)ersons, including kings of Jerusa- 
lem, emjjerors of Constantinople, counts of Flanders, 
writers, scholars, pliilosophers, and artists B.D.E.U. 

Baudouin, Antoine-Fran^ois, French engraver; 1640 — 
1700 D.N. 

Baudouin, Benoit, French archaeologist and littera- 
teur ; d. 1632 C.D.R. 

Baudouin, Frangois, French jurist and theologian ; 
1520—1573 C.D.U. 

Baudouin, FranQois-Jean, French printer and pub- 
lisher; 1759—1838 D.u. 

Baudouin, Gaspav, Flemish artist E. 

Baudouin, Gabriel, Flemish priest of the order of St 
Vincent de Paul ; 1689-1768 D. 

Baudouin, or Baudoin, -lean, French translator and 
academician; 1590 — 1650 C.d.e.u. 

Baudouin, Louis-Marie, Freucli priest, founder of 
the order of Ursuline nuns of Jesus ; 1765—1835 D. 

Baudouin, Marie-Aglac, Fr. authoress ; 1764—1816 D. 

Baudouin, Pierre Antoine, French miniature painter; 
1723—1769 D.E. 

Baudouin, Simon-Rene, French engraver ; b. 1723 d. 

Baitdouin d'Avesnes, sire de Beaumont, Flemish 
chronicler; d. 1289 D.u. 

Baudouin de Ninove, Dutch canon ; 1250 d. 

Baudouin de Padeborii, Dutch ecclesiastic ; 1418 D. 

Baudoux, or Beaudoux, Eobert, Flemish engraver ; 
1620 D.E. 

Baiidoziamis, or Ab Area Baudosa, Pierre {Cestius), 
French lawyer, critic, and author ; 15S0 D. 



Baudrais, Jean, French litterateur and magistrate : 
1749-1832 D.F.u. 

Baudran, Barthelemv, French Jesuit theologian and 
author; 1730— 179'9'-" d.u. 

Baudran, Mathieu, French member of the National 
Convention ; d. 1812 d.u. 

Baudrand, Hemi, French theol. ; 1637-1099 d.p.u. 

Baudrand, Marie - Etienne - Francois Henri, Comte, 
French general; 1774— 1848 D. 

Baudrant, or Baudrand, Michel- Antoine, French 
geographical writer ; 1633 — 1700 C.D.U.W. 

B'audrexel, Philippe Jacques, Swabian theologian 
and music composer ; 1635* — 1700* D.E, 

Baudricourt, Jean de, marshal of France; d. 1499 K.u. 

Baudricourt, Robert de, marshal of France and cham- 
berlain to the king; d. 1499 D.U. 

Eaudrillart, Henri Joseph Leon, French political 
economist and publicist ; b. 1821 F. 

Baudrillart, Jacques-Joseph, French agriculturist and 
author; 1774—1832 D.U. 

Baudrimont, Alexandre Edouard, French chemist; b. 
1806 F. 

Baudringheen, or Baudrigeen, D., Dutch painter; 
1640'' E. 

Baudron, Antoine Laurent, French operatic music 
composer; 1743 — 1832 K.K. 

Baudry, or Baudy, Fr. phys. and author ; d. 1730 D. 

Baudry, Paul Jacques Aimee, French historical 
painter; 6. 1828 B.F. 

Baudry d'Asson, Antoine, French Jansenist and 
autlior; 1617—1668 E.U. 

Baudry d'Asson, Gabriel, chief of the insurgents in 
La Vend(5e ; 1755*— 1793 E.u. 

Baudry de Balzac, Caroline, French female painter of 
flowers and fruit ; b. 1799 D.N. 

Baudry des Loziers, Louis- Narcisse, French traveller 
and polygraplier ; 1761 — 1841 D. 

Bauduer, Aruaukl - Gilles, French theologian and 
hebraist ; 1744—1787 D.U. 

Bauduin, Dominic, Flemisli Oratorian and j)rofessor 
of history at Maestricht ; 1742—1809 E.U. 

Bauduin, Flemisli engraver E. 

Bauduin, See Baudoin and Baudouin, 

Bauduins, Adrieu Francois, Flemish painter, designer, 
and etcher ; 1640—1700 D. 

Baudus, Jean-Louis Amable de, French journalist and 
political writer ; 1761— 1822 E.U. 

Bauemfeld, Eduard, German comic poet ; 6. 1804 D. 

Bauer, Prussian mechanician E. 

Bauer, Adolph Felix, or Ridion Christianovitch, Swed- 
ish general in the Russian array ; 1667*— 1717* E, 

Bauer, Adolph Gaspard, German Protestant theolo- 
gian and autlior ; 1662 — 1719 D, 

Bauer, Anthony, German jurist and author ; 1772— 
1843 D. 

Bauer, Aurel Reinhard Eduin, German writer; 6, 
1816 F. 

Bauer, Bruno, German philosopher, theologian, and 
biblical critic ; b. 1809 D.M. 

Bauer, Carl-Ludwig, German philologer and writer ; 
1730-1799 D.E.U. 

Bauer, Catherine, German pianist ; 1800 K. 

Bauer, Christian-Friederich, German Protestant divine 
and theological writer ; 1696—1782 D.Q> 

Bauer, Chrysostomus, German organ builder; 18th 
cent. D.E, 

Bauer, Edgar, German political writer; 6, 1S21 d.f. 

Bauer, Ferdinand, Austrian painter of natural his- 
tory ; 1774—1826 D.w, 

Bauer, Fulgentius, Austrian mathematician and phy- 
sician ; d. 1705 D. 

Bauer, Georg-Lorenz, German theologian and anti- 
quary; 1750—1806 D.u. 

Bauer, Johann-Frederic, German iDhysician and medi- 
cal witer; 1720 D.Q, 

Bauer, Johann - Gotfried, German jurist; 1695 — 
1763 K.U. 



BAXJ 



113 



BAU 



■ Bauer, Joliann- Jacob, German bookseller and biblio- 
grapher; 1706-1772 _ _ Q.R. 

Bauer, Joseph, German musician ; 1770 k. 

Bauer. See Baur. 

Bauerele, Adolpbus, Aust. comic anther; b. 1784 D.F. 

BauermuJler, Johann Simon, German physician and 
author; 1729 D.Q. 

Bauemfeind, Georg Wilhelm, German painter and 
engraver ; 1735 — 1763 D.N. 

Bauernfeld, Eduard, German comic poet ; h. 1804 F. 

Baufeti, Guillaiime, bishop of Paris ; d. 1320 D. 

BauQrement, Alexandre-Emmanuel-Louis, Prince de, 
peer of France and vice-admiral ; 1773 — 1813 D.L.U. 

BauSremont, Alphonse Charles Jean, Due de, French 
senator, aide-de-camp to Murat; b. 1792 D.F.L. 

BaufFremont, Antoine, seigneur de Listenais, marquis 

. d'Arc, captain of ordnance, gentleman in ordinary 

of the bedchamber ; 1585 D.L.u. 

Baufifremont, Charles Louis, marquis de Messimieux, 
French general and grandee of Spain ; 1580 D.L.u. 

Bauffremont, Claude de, baron de Senescey, governor 
of Auxonne, and author ; 1.546* — 1596 D.L.U. 

Bauffremont, Claude Charles Koger de, bishop of 
Troyes ; 1562 L.u. 

Bauffremont, Henri de, baron de Senescey, French 
litterateur and statesman ; d. 1622 D.L.U. 

Bauffremont, Louis-Benigne, marquis de, and de Lis- 
tenais, French colonel of dragoons ; 1719 D.L.u. 

Bauffremont, Nicolas de, baron de Senescey, grand 
prevot of Fr. under Charies IX.; 1520-1582 D.L.U. 

Bauffremont, Pierre de, French noble ; 1448 D.L.u. 

Bauffremont, Pierre, French colonel; d. 1685 d.l.u. 

Bauffremont - Courtenay, Anne Antoine Gontran, 
Prince de ; b. 1822 F. 

Bauge, Etienne, French bishop of Autun ; 1113 D. 

Baugier, French representative ; b. 1800 F. 

Baugier, Edme, French phys. and autlior ; 1690 D. 

Baugier, Edme, seigneur de Breuvery. French his- 
torian; b. 1680* D.u. 

Baugin, J., French engraver; 1660 R. 

Baugin, Lubin, French painter; 1650 D.n. 

Bauhesius, Peter, German physician and medical 
wi-iter; 1550 _ D. 

Baullin, Caspar, physician, botanist, and philosophical 
writer of Basle ; 1550 or 60—1624 C.D.f/.P.R, 

BauMn, Jean, French physician and surgeon ; 1511— 
1582 ■ R.u. 

BauMn, Jerome, French anatomist and physician ; 
1637—1667 . K. 

Baullin, John, French physician, botanist, and philo- 
sophical writer ; 1541—1613 c.D.R. 

BauMn, John Gaspard, physician to Louis XIV. ; 
1606-1685 c.D.R. 

Bauhuis {Father Bcrnardus Bauhusius), Flemish 
Jesuit preacher and poet ; 1575 — 1629 D.U. 

Baulacre, Leonard, Swiss historian and librarian ; 
1670—1761 D.U. 

Bauldri, or Bauldry, Andre, Fr. poet ; 1641—1717 D. 

Bauldrl, Paul, French savant, professor of sacred his- 
tory ; 1639—1706 c.D.u.w. 

Baulme, or Baume St Amour, Jean de la, seigneur de 
Martaccy, French Enfant cilebre, Latin poet, and 
philologer; 1539—1578* D.E.U. 

Baulot, Isaac, French naturalist ; 1657—1712 d. 

Baulot, or Beaulieu, Jacques, French lithotomist ; 
1651—1720 c.D.u. 

Baumann, Christian-Sacale, German Protestant theo- 
logian and author; b. 1725 d.q.u. 

Baumann, Johann Friederich Theodore, German 
jiurist ; 1768— 1830 R.u. 

Baumann, Johann Friederich, German painter ; 1784— 
1830 D.N. 

Baumann, Johann-Godefroy, German music writer 
and pastor; 1760 D.K. 

Baumann, Johanu-Nicolaus, German phys.; 1600 D. 

Baumann, Nicolaus, German professor of history ; 
1450—1526 D.K. 



BaumTjach, Friederich August, German musical direc- 
tor and composer; 1753—1813 D.K.R. 

Baumtoach, Johann Balthasar, German orientalist and 
author ; d. 1622 x>. 

Baumtoach, Johann Christoph, German ecclesiastic': 
1742-1801 e' 

Baumtourgh, Thomas de, lord keeper of the Great 
Seal; 1332 /« 

Baumchen, N., German sculptor ; d. 1789 f!r! 

Baum4 Antoine, French chemist and philosophical 
writer; 1728—1804 c.d.r. ff 

Baume, Charles- Joseph de la, Fr. litt.; 1644-1715 D. ~v/y 

Baume, Claude de la Baume-Montreval, French car- 
dinal; 1531—1584 E.u. 

Baume, Edmond, French advocate ; b. 1804 f! 

Baume, Mcolas-Auguste de la, marquis de Montreval, 
marshalof France; 1636— 1716 d.u. 

Baume, Pierre de la, bishop of Geneva, cai-dinal, arch- 
bishop of Besan9on ; d. 1544 u. 

Baume Desdossat, Jacques Francois de la, French 
canon and litterateur ; 1705 — 1756 c.R.U. 

Baiune Saint-Amour, Philippe, marquis d'Yennes, 
governor of Franche Comte, 1666 ; d. 1670 D.U. 

Baume. See Baulme. 

Baumeister, Friedrich Christian, German philosopher; 
1709—1785 E.u. 

Baumeister, Georg-Othmar, German composer, musi- 
cian, and pianist; b. 1800 D.K. 

Baumeister, Johann "Wilhelm, German veterinary 
writer; 1804—1846 D. 

Baumer, Georg, Bavarian sculptor; 1763—1830'' N.B. 

Baumer, Johann Philip, or Paul, German jjhysician 
.and author ; 1725*— 1771 D.Q. 

Baumer, John -"Wilhelm, German naturalist, physi- 
cian, and philosophical writer ; 1719 — 1788 D.u.w. 

Baumes, Jean-Baptiste Theodore, French physician 
and medical writer ; 1777—1828 D.K. 

Baumes, Piene, French physician ; 1837 F. 

Baumgaertner, Carl Heimich, German surgeon and 
author ; b. 1798 F. 

Baumgaertner, Gotthilf von, German music com- 
poser ; 1741—1800 D. 

Baumgaertner, Johann, Bavarian sculptor; 1744— 
1792 D.R. 

Baumgaertner, Johann Baptist, German violoncellist ; 
d. 1782 D.K.B. 

Baumgaertner, or Baumgartner, Johann Wolfgang, 
Tyi'olese artist ; 18th cent. N.R. 

Baumgarten, Alexander Theophilus, German philoso- 
pher and author ; 1714—1762 c.D.R. W. 

Baumgarten, Carl -Friederich, German music com- 
poser; 1780 D.K. 

Baumgarten, Georg, German schoolmaster and singer ; 
1760 . D. 

Baumgarten, Jacob-Sigismond, German divine, histo- 
rian, and theological writer ; 1706—1757 R.u. 

Baumgarten, Johann Christian Gottlob, German bot- 
anist and natural historian ; 1765 — 1830* D.K. 

Baumgarten, Martin - August, German traveller ; 
1473—1535 E.u. 

Baumgartner, Chevalier Andreas von, Austrian states- 
man, scholar, and manufacturer ; b. 1793 d.f. 

Baumgartner, Gallus Jacques, Swiss publicist and 
poUtician ; 6. 1797 C-F- 

Baumgartner, "Wilhelm, Swiss musical director and 
composer ; 1856 ^• 

Baumliauer, Johann Fried., German sculpt. ; 1620 n.b. 

Baumhauer, Sebald, German painter ; 1513 n.b. 

Baiunstark, Anthony, German philological scholar 

and writer ; 6. 1800 ^ -.cot"*^' 

Baumstark, Eduard, German economist ; b. Ib07 F. 
Batme, Eugene, French representative ; b. 1800 F. 
Baime, Jacques de la, French Jesuit, philologist, and 

author ; 1649-1726 , C.R.U. w. 

Baungevis, Charles Guillaume Alexandre, ±rench 

miniature painter ; 1759—1832 ^rmn* ^ 

Baunier, Dom, French Benedictine author ; 1700* D. 



BAU 



114 



BAY 



Bauny, Etienne, French theologian and author ; 
1564—1649 D.i. 

Baur, Ferdinand Christoph, German Protestant theo- 
logian ; 6. 1792 F. 
Baur, Friederich - Wilhelm, German engineer, and 
general in the Russian ser\dce ; 17ol— 1783 D.U. 
Baur, or Bauer, Johann Leonard, German sculptor ; 
1681—1760 B.B. 
Baur, or Bauer, Johann, German goldsmith K. 
Baur, Johann - Wilhelm, of Strasburg, painter, en- 
graver, and architect ; 1600 — 1640 c.K.T. 
Baur, Nicolaas, Dutch marine ptr. ; 1767 — 1845 N.E. 
Baur, Samuel, German Protestant minister, biogra- 
pher, and miscellaneous writer ; 1768 — 1832 D.R. 
Baur. See Bauer. 

Baurans, French dramatic author and musician ; 
1700*— 1764 D.u. 

Baureinfelnd, Georg Wilhelm, Danish designer and 
engraver; d. 1763 E.u. 

Bauria, Andrea, Ital. Augustine and writer ; 1521 I.E. 
Bausa, Gregorio, Spanish painter ; 1596 — 1656 B. U. 
Bausan, Giovanni, Italian admiral ; 1757 — 1821 D.r. 
Bausch, Johann Laurent, German physician and 
author; 1605—1665 C.D.E.W. 

Bauscli, Leon, Germ. M.D. and author; 17th cent. E.U. 
Bause, Johaun-Friederich, German engraver ; 1738— 
1814 N.K. 

Bause, Julienne -Wilhelmina, German female en- 
graver; 1770*— 1840 _ ^D.N. 
Bause, Theodore, Russian jurist andantiquary ; 1752 — 
1812 _ _ Q.E. 
Bausner, Bartholomew, Transylvanian physician and 
author; 1629—1683 D.Q. 
Bausner, Sebastianus, Hungar. phys. ; 16th cent. D.R. 
Baussancourt, Fran9ois de, Fr. general; h. 1754 D.F. 
Bausset, Louis-Frangois de, cardinal, French peer, 
academician, and author ; 1748 — 1824 D.u. 
Bausset - Roquefort, Pierre - Francois - Gabriel - Eay- 
mond-Ignace-Ferdinand, Comte de, archbishop of 
Aix; 1757—1829 D. 
Baussonnet, Jean-Baptiste, Dom., French Benedictine 
historian; 1700—1780 D.U. 
Baussonnet, GuiUaume, French poet, engraver, and 
sculptor ; 16th cent. D. 
Bautain, Louis Eugene Marie, French philosopher and 
theologian ; h. 1796 D.F. 
Bauter, Charles, Fr. dramatic writer; 1580—1630 B.U. 
Bautier, Alexandre, French natural hist. ; h. 1801 F. 
Bautista, Fran., Spanish Jesuit and archt. ; 1626 d.e. 
Bautru, GuiUaume, comte de Serrant, French diplo- 
matist ; 1588—1665 d.e. 
Bautzmann, Johann - Christoph, German physician 
and author; 6.1646 D. 
Bauvin Georg- Wilhelm, Danish painter and engraver ; 
d. 1763 u. 
Bauvin, Jean-Gregoire, French tragic poet ; 1714 — 
1776 _ D.E. 
Baux, GuUlaume, prince of Orange, king of Aries and 
Vienne ; 1214 D.F. 
Baux, Guillaume ; d. 1239 D.F. 
Baux, GuiUaume, Baron de, French troubadovir; d. 
1218 p.u. 
Baux, Hugues, grand seneschal of Sicily; 1250* D.F. 
Baux, Pierre, French physician and x^liilosoi^hical 
writer; 1679—1732 D.E. 
Baux, Raymond, prince of Orange, king of Aries and 
Vienne; d. 1282 d.p. 
Baux, Raymond ; d. 1314 d.f. 
Bauyn, Bonaventure, Latin poet, doctor of the Sor- 
bonne, bishop of Uzfes ; 1699—1779 D.u. 
Bauza, Philippe, Spanish geographer ; d. 1833 E.U. 
Bava, Andrea, Italian theol. and author ; 1550 d.i. 
Bava, Gaetano Emanuele, count of St Paolo, Italian 
author; 1737—1829 d.e. 
Bava, Giovanni-Battista-Eusebio, ItaUan general and 
minister of war ; h. 1790 D.F. 
Bava, Santora, Italian doctor of laws ; d. 1636 I.E. 



Bavande, William, English author ; 16th cent. E. 
Bavarese, Francesco Ignazio, Italian painter T. 

Bavarius, Aegidius, Flemish Jesuit author ; 17th 
cent. D.E. 

Bavarus, Johann, German phys. andmathem.; 1550 D. 
Bavasan-Paolo, Count Emmanuele de, Italian histo- 
riographer; 1737—1829 u. 
Bavay, Georges de, Belgian attorney-gen. ; h. 1801 F. 
Bavay, Paul-Ignace de, professor of anatomy and sur- 
gery at Brussels ; 1704— 1768 E.U. 
Baverel, Jean-Pierre, Fr. litterateur; 1744—1822 D.R. 
Baverinl, Francesco, Ital. music composer ; 1440 K.u. 
Baverio, or Baverius, ItaUan physician and author ; 
d. 1480 _ i.U. 
Bavia, Ludovicus de, Spanish ecclesiastic and histo- 
rian ; d. 1628 E. 
Baviera, Marco Antonio, Sj)anish jurist and author ; 
d. 1505 I.E. 
Baviere, Jean [Sans Pitie), bishop of Liege ; 1410 D.u. 
Baville, Arnault, French general ; 1757—1813 D. 
Bavin, Bonaventure, French poet ; 1714 D.W. 
Bavin, Prosper, French antiquary and author ; 1600* — 
1688 D.W. 
Bavincourt, Gaspard de, Fr. writer ; 1528—1576 D. 
Bavisano, Francesco Domenico, Italian ijhysician and 
writer; 1570 I.E. 
Bavius, Latin poetaster; B.C. 34 D.x. 
Bavo, St, French nobleman and hermit, patron saint 
of Ghent and Haarlem ; 589—654* D.u. 
Bavo, Gottofredo di, Italian savant ; 16th cent. D.K. 
Bavosi, Alfonso, Italian theol. and author; rf. 1628 D.I. 
Bavoux, Evariste, French advocate and author ; 1809 — 
1848 D.F. 
Bavoux,, Francois-Nicolas, French jurist and writer 
on laws ; 1774-1848 D. 
Bawdween, WiUiam, EngUsh prelate and topogi'apher ; 
1762—1816 E. 
Bawgiie ( Williams), Thomas, archdeacon of Surrey ; 
d. 1557 or 8 'q. 
Bawier, Johann, German phys. and author ; 1756 D. 
Bawr, Alexandrine Sophie Coury de Champgrand, 
Baronne de, French dramatic authoress ; b. 1776 F. 
Bawr, Johann Wil., German painter ; 1600* — 1640 G.E. 
Baxius, Nicaise, Belgian Latin poet ; d. 1642 D.U. 
Baxter, Andrew, Scottish philosopher and author ; 
1686—1750 C.R.w. 
Baxter, Charles, English painter ; b. 1809 B. 
Baxter, Sh- David, Scotch benefactor ; b. 1793 
Baxter, George, English wood engraver ; 1805—1867 
Baxter, Richard, EngUsh Nonconformist divine and 
writer ; 1615—1691 _ C.E.W. 
Baxter, Thomas, EngUsh mathematician ; 1730 d.e. 
Baxter, Thos., Eng. painter on china; 1782 — 1821 d.e. 
Baxter, William, English antiquary, linguist, and 
grammarian ; 1650—1723 c.E.W. 
Baxter, William Edward, Eng. Utterateur ; b. 1825 F. 
Bay, Alex., Marquis de, Spanish gen. ; 1650-1715 R.u. 
Bay, Jean-Baptiste-Josei^h de, Belgian sculptor ; b. 
1779 D.N. 
Bayane, Alphonse Hubert de Lattier, Due de, French 
cardinal; 1739—1818 D.R. 
Bayard, Antoine, French comedian ; 6. 1807 F. 
Bayard, Edward, English poet and physician; 1730 D. 
Bayard, Claude Martin, French canonist and author; 
1535 D. 
Bayard, Ferdinard Marie, French military ofiBcer and 
writer; 1763—1818 d.e. 
Bayard, Geo. D. , Amer. brigadier-general ; d. 1862 e 
Bayard, James A., American lawyer and statesman; 
1767—1815 e. 
Bayard, Jean-Baptiste-Fran^ois, French jurist, judge, 
and author ; 1750-1800 D.F. 
Bayard, Jean-Francois- Alfred, French litt. ; b. 1796 D. 
Bayard, John, American orator and legislator; 1738 — 

1807 ^-D. 

Bayard, Samuel, American orator ; 1767 — 1815 «. 
Bayard, Paul, Flemish engraver P.. 



BAY 



115 



BAZ 



Bayard, Pierre du Terr ail, Seigneur de (le Chevalier 

sans peur et saiis reproche), French warrior; 1476— 

1524 c.D.R.u. 

Bayarte, D. Joannes Calasanz e Avalos, governor of 

Majorca; 17th cent. d.r. 

Bayazed, Ancari, founder of the sect of Koshanis ; 

h. 1524 D. 

Bayceu, Jacques, French horticulturist ; 1620 D. 

Baye, Fran9ois Berthelot, Marquis de, French general; 

d. 1776 _ D.u. 

Bayen, Pierre, French chemist and philosophical 

writer; 1725—1798 d.e, 

Eayer, D. Francesco Perez, Spanish numismatist, an- 
tiquary, and author ; 1711 — 1794 G.R. 
Bayer, Gottlieb Siegfried, Prussian antiquary and 

author at St Petersburg ; 1694 — 1738 G.E. 

Bayer, James, Bohemian organist ; 1790* D.K. 

Bayer, Jerome John Paul, German jurist and writer ; 

b. 1792 D.F. 

Bayer, Johann, German astronomer ; d. 1660 C.D.G. 
Bayer, Johann, Hungarian theologian ; 1650 D.K. 
Bayer, Johann Wolfgang, Bavarian poet and mission- 
ary ; 1722— 1796 D.G. 
Bayer, Pierre, French chemist and writer ; 1725—1798 
Bayer de Boppart, Conrad, bishop of Metz, 1415 ; 

d. 1459 D.u. 

Bayer de Boppart, Thierri, bishop of Metz, 1365 ; d. 

1385 D.u. 

Bayer y Subias, Francisco, Spanish painter ; 1734 — 

1795 D.R. 

Bayerski, or BayersMus, Adam, Polisli writer ; 17th 

cent. R. 

Bayes, Joshua, English Presbyterian ecclesiastic ; 

1671—1746 R. 

Bayeux, Geo., Fr. advocate and litt. ; 1752*— 1792 E.u. 
Bayeux, John de, English judge, 1218 ; d. 1249 /. 
Bayezid. See Bajazet. 

Bayezid, son of Soliman the Magnificent ; d. 1561 R. 
Bayf, Giovanni Antonio de la Neuville, Italian poet ; 

1532-1592 c.P.w. 

Bayf, Lazare, Italian jurist, hellenist, and author ; 

d. 1545 C.P.w. 

Bayfield, Eichard (Somersham), English monk and 

martyr ; ex. 1531 q. 

Bayfield, Robert, English physician and anatomist ; 

1629—1690 u.w. 

Bayhofifer, Charles-Theodore, German philosopher 

and publicist ; h. 1812 D. 

Bayle, Antoine Laurent Jesse, French physician and 

medical writer ; 6. 1799 D.F. 

Bayle, Francois, French physician and medical author ; 

1622—1709 C.D.R.w. 

Bayle, Gaspard-Laurent, French physician and author- 

1774—1816 D.R. 

Bayle, Moise, French representative; 1760 — 1815 d.r. 
Bayle, Pierre, French critic, philosopher, and author; 

1647—1706 C.D.R.w. 

Bayle, or Bailie, Pierre, French representative ; d. 

1793 R.u. 

Bayle-Barlle, G., Italian botanist ; 1800 d.f. 

Bayle-MouiUard, Jean Baptiste, French magistrate ; 

6. 1800* F. 

Bayley, Anselm, English theologian; d. 1794 u. 

Bayley, Edward, EngUsh physician ; d. 1770 d.r. 
Bayley, Frederick W. N. B., British journalist; 1830 a. 
Bayley.Sir John, Eng. judge and writer; 1763—1841/. 
Bayley, John, English writer ; 6. 1814 a. 

Bayley, Nicholas, English philologist ; 18th cent. u. 
Bayley, Richard, American physician and writer ; 

1745—1801 a.e. 

Bayley. See Bailey and Bayly. 
Baylies, Francis, American statesman; 1784-1852 e. 
Baylies, William, English physician and medical 

writer; 1724—1787 C.R. 

Baylis, Sir Robert, sheriff of London, 1724; lord 

mayor, 1728 d. 

Bayly, Benjamin, English divine ; d. 1720 a. 



Bayly, John, scholar at Cambridge ; d. 1534 g 

Bayly. John, Eng. divine and writ.; 1595—1633 a.C.n. 

J?^oo'^'"^' bishop of Bangor, 1616; b. 1565*, 

d. 1632 c.d.l.'R.v. 

^^-yly-.^Dr Thomas, English divine and author ;"c/. 

Bayly, Thomas, bp. of Killala and Achonrv; d. 1670 c. 

Bayly, Thomas Haynes, English poet and" dramatist ; 
1796 — ] 839 

Bayly, Thomas Henry, Amer. statesm. ; 1810—1856 a. 

Bayly, AVilham, archdeacon of Northampton, Eng- 
lish scholar ; 1600 ;.|. 

Bayly, William, bishop of Clonfert and Kilmacduagh' 
1644; d. 1664 °c! 

Bayly, William, English astronomer, companion of 
Captain Cook ; d. 1810 k 

Bayly. See Bailey and Bayley. 

Baynard, Anne, English linguist ; 1672*— 1697 c.R. 

Bajmard, Edward, English physician ; 17th cent. D. 

Baynard, Fulco, English judge, 1226 ; d. 1306 J. 

Basmard, Richard, speaker of the House of Com- 
mons ; 1421 

Baynard, Robert, English judge, 1328 ; d. 1330 /. 

BSLyahTigg, Reginald, master of Catherine Hall, Cam- 
bridge l.q. 

Bayne, Alexander, Scottish jurist ; d. 1737 

Bayne, Etienue, French jurist ; 1640* d. 

BajTie, or Baine, James, English Dissenting minister ; 
1710—1790 D.R. 

BajTie, Ralph, bishop of Lichfield (1544), orientalist 
and author; d. 1.559 c.d.l. 

Bayne, William, English naval officer ; d. 1782 r.u. 

Baynes, John, English polit. writer ; 1758—1787 c. 

Baynes, Paul, English divine and author ; d. 1617 c. 

Baynes, Sir Thomas, English phys.; 1622—1681 C.W. 

Baynham, James, English martyr; d. 1530 R. 

Bajmton, Thomas, English surgeon and medical 
writer; d. 1820 E. 

Bajmtiin, Sir William Henry, British admiral ; 
1765—1840 R. 

Bayon, Jean de, French chronicler; 1326 R.u. 

Bayon, Nicolas, Fr. theol. and author; b. 1570* D.U. 

Bayrhoflfer, Carl Theodoi-e, German philosopher and 
poUtician ; b. 1812 F, 

BajTO, Pietro de, Italian physician and medical 
wi-iter; 1468—1558 C.D.R. 

Eajrtaz, Nicolas, French phys. and author ; 1650 D. 

Bazaine, French mathematician and revolutionist ; 
d. 1820* _ D.u. 

Bazaine, Francois Acliille, French military com- 
mander ; b. 1811 F. 

Bazaine, Pierre Dominique, French major-general in 
the Russian service ; 1783 — 1838 D. 

Bazalgette, Joseph William, English civil engineer ; 
b. 1819 M. 

BazaUero, Caligola, Italian printer and poet; 15th 
cent. i.R- 

Bazalli, Leberius, Italian author D.i. 

Bazan, Ferdinando, abp. of Palermo ; 1627—1702 I.R. 

Bazan, F. Ferdinando, Mexican theologian R. 

Bazancourt, Cesar, Baron de, Fr. litt. ; 6. 1810* F. 

Bazancourt, Jean-Baptiste-Marin-Antoine Secat de, 
French general ; 1707—1830 D- 

Bazani-Cavazzoni, Virginia, Italian poetess ; 1681 — 
1721 »• 

Bazani, Ercole, Ital. doctor of civil and canon law I.R. 

Bazano, Giovanni, Italian chronicler ; 1300 D. 

Bazarad, Waiwode, of Wallachia; 1330 L.u. 

Bazard, Amand, French monk and philosopher; 
1792—1832 ^__ ^■'^■ 

Bazardus, Giovanni-Marco, Italian poet; IMO- D. 

Baze, French advocate and politician^; b. IfeOO D. F. 

Bazel, Nicolas, Belgian physician ; 1560 D. 

Bazenhov, Vassilii Ivanovitch, Russian architect; 
1737 1799 D.Ji. 

Bazetta, Carlo Tommaso, Italian jurist ;^ rf. 1731 I.R. 

Bazetta, Francesco, Italian jurist ; d. 1646 a. 



BAZ 



116 



BEA 



Bazetta, Francesco Cristoforo, Ital. jiu-ist ; d. 1706 i.K. 
Bazetta, Orazio, Italian jurist ; 1G48 — 1720 I.K. 

Bazicalva, or Bazzicaluve, Hercules, Italian designer 
and engraver ; 1640 D. K. 

Bazin, Anais de Raucou, French hist. ; 1797 — 1850 D. 
Bazin, Claude, French physician ; 1548* — 1612 K. 
Bazin, Denis, French i)hys. and writer ; d. 1632 D. 
Bazin, Emile, French phys. and med. author ; 1848 F. 
Bazin, Francoi.? Emmanuel Joseph, French music com- 
poser; 6.1819 F. 
Bazin, Gilles-Augustin, French naturalist, phj^sician, 
and author ; d. 1754 D.TJ. 
Bazin, Guillaume, French physician, dean of the 
Faculty of Medicine, Paris ; d. 1500 D.E. 
Bazin, Jacques-Rigomer, French political -writer and 
democrat; 1771—1820 F.U. 
Bazin, Jean, French diplomatist ; 1538—1592 d.p.u. 
Bazin, Jean-Baptiste, French theologian and writer ; 
1637—1708 ^ D. 
Bazin, Louise-Helene de, French poetess; 1710 D. 
Bazin, N., French physician and author ; d. 1574 B. 
Bazin, Nicolas, Fr. engraver; 1636"— 1705 b.d.E.U. 
Bazin, Pierre Charles, French painter ; h. 1806* F. 
Bazin, Simon, Fr. phys. and med. writ. ; 1638 D.E. 
Bazin. See Basin. 

Bazinghen, Frangois-Andre, Abbot de, French numis- 
matist and author ; 1711 — 1791 D.R. 
Bazire, French naval officer ; d. 1794 _ E. 
Bazire, or Basire, Claude, French representative and 
revolutionist; 1764—1794 _ F.u. 
Bazius, Johannes, bishop of "Wesia, in Sweden, and 
litterateur; 1581—1649 Q.U. 
Bazley, Thomas, English cotton manufacturer and 
politician; h. 1797 F.M. 
Bazoche {de la, Meuse), French advocate ; d. 1817 d.f. 
Bazot, Etienne Frangois, French litt. ; b. 1782 D.F. 
Bazvalen, Jean de, French attache to John IV., duke 
ofBritany; 1387 D. 
Bazzani, Gaspero da Eeggio, Italian architect and 
painter ; 1701—1780 K.T. 
Bazzani, Giuseppe, Italian painter ; d. 1769 r.t. 
Bazzani, Matteo, Italian physician ; 1674—1749 I.U. 
Bazzano, Francesco Angeluccio di, Italian writer; 
15th cent. D.R. 
Bazzano, Guillielmo, Italian litterateur ; 1560 D.i. 
Bazziavelli, A. R. D. Z. , ItaL music composer ; 1660 
Bazzicalva, Ascagne-Maria, Italian phys. ; 1700 D. 
Bazzini, Francesco, Italian organist and composer ; 
1600—1660 D.R. 
Bazzini, or Bazzino, Natale, Italian musician and 
singer ; d. 1639 D.E. 
Be, Du, French physician ; 1670 D. 
Be, Guillaume de, French printer and typefounder; 
1525-1598 c. 
Be, Jean le, French engraver ; 1640 E. 
Beach, Abraham, American divine ; d. 1828 a. 
Beach, John, American theologian ; 1750 A.D. 
Beach, Sir Michael Edward Hicks, Eug. M.P.; h. 1837 
Beach, Moses Yale, American mechanic ; 6. 1800 e. 
Beach, Thomas, English author ; d. 1737 C.r/. 
Beachcroft, Sir Robert, lord mayor ; 1711 d. 
Beacon- See Becon. 

Beadon, Richard, bishop of Gloucester 1789, Bath 

1802; d. 1824 d.l. 

Beal, William, English polit. and author,; h. 1815 M. 

Beale, Bartholomew, Eng. phys. and authorj 1600* D. 

Beale, John, Eng. phys. and author ; 17th cent. D. 

Beale, Lionel, English physician and writer ; b. 1820 

Beale, Mary, Eng. port, painter; 1632—1697 B.C.D.u. 

Beale, Robert, iinglish antiquary and statesman ; d. 

1601 C.D.E.U. 

Beale, "William, English composer; 1790 d.k. 

Bealknap, Robert, chief justice of the Common Pleas ; 

1377 /. 

Beames, Richard de, bp. of London, 1108 ; d. 1127 d. I. 

Bean, Richard, English painter and engraver, 1792 — 

1817 U.K. 



Beanus, bishop of Aberdeen, 1015 ; d. 1047 k. 

Beanus, or Beyn, first bishop of Aberdeen ; d. 1047 e. 
Bearcroft, Philip, master of the Charter-house ; 

1697—1761 c. 

Beard, G., English painter ; 18th cent. E. 

Beard, John, English actor and singer ; 1716— 

1791 C.D.E. 

Beard, Thomas, English prelate and author ; 1614 R. 
Beard, Thomas, Irish engraver ; 1728 b.r. 

Bearde de I'Abbaye, French economist and writer 

upon agriculture ; d. 1771 D.U. 

Beam, Hectoi-, Comte de, French senator r. 

Beasley, Frederick, American divine and writer ; 

1777—1845 a.e. 

Beatiano, Julius - Caesar, heraldic writer of Istria ; 

1650 D. 

Beatillo, Antonio di, Italian Jesuit and historian; 

1570-1642 R.u. 

Beaton, or Bethune, David, cardinal and i^rimate of 

Scotland; 1494r— 1546 c.D.E. 

Beaton, James, primate of Scotland and statesman ; 

d. 1539 CD. 

Beaton, James, archbishop of Glasgow, 1551 ; 1517 — 

1603 c.k.ii.XJ. 

Beatrice, wife of Otho IV. ; 1209 
Beatrice, wife of John I., king of Castile ; 1383 
Beatrice, duchess of Milan ; 1418 
Beatrice of Ferrara, wife of Ludovico Sforza ; 1490 B. 
Beatrice, Nicholas, Italian engraver ; b. 1507* B.E. 
Beatrice, Portinari, Florentine lady immortalised by 

Dante ; 1266—1290 d.e. 

Beatrice Mary Victoria, fifth daughter of Queen 

Victoria ; b. 1857 
Beatricetti, Italian engraver ; d. 1651 u. 

Beatrix, St, martyr ; d. 303 D.U. 

Beatrix I., countess of Bigorre ; 1080 u, 

Beatrix IL, 1138 ; d. 1163 u. 

Beatrix III., 1163 ; d. 1190 u. 

Beatrix, dauphine of Viennois, 1162 ; d. 1228 u. 

Beatrix, countess of Tuscany ; d. 1076 R.U. 

Beatrix, countess of Provence, consort of Charles 

d'Anjou, king of Naples and Sicily; d. 1267 D.U. 
Beatrix of Burgundy.consor t of Fredei-ick I. ; cZ. 1185 u. 
Beatrix of Naples, second wife of Mattliias Corvinus, 

king of Hungary ; d. 1508 E.U. 

Beatrizet, or Beautrizet, Nicolas, French designer 

and engraver ; 1507—1570 D. 

Beatson, Robert, Scottish author ; 1742-1818 d.e. 
Beattie, James, Scottish poet and critic ; 1735 — 

1803 c.D.E. 

Beattie, James Hay, Scottish author ; 1768—1790 d. d. 
Beattie, Sir William, British naval x^hysician ; 'cZ. 1842 
Beatus, Spanish theologian ; d. 789 D. 

Beatus, Gabriello, Italian theologian and mathe- 
matician ; 1607 — 1673 D. 
Beatus, Georg, German jurist and author; 1600 D.Q. 
Beatus Ehenanus, German philosopher and historian ; 

1485—1547 D. 

Beau, Charles le, French rhetorician and antiquary ; 

1701—1778 C.K. 

Beau, Jean Baptiste le, French Jesuit and writer; 

1602—1670 c.E. 

Beau, Jean Louis le, French jMrofessor of rhetoric; 

1721—1766 c.E. 

Beau, Pierre Adrian le, French engraver ; b. 1744 B. R. 
Beautoourg, Pierre Trochon de, French comedian ; 

1692—1725 D. 

Beaubreuil, .Jean de, French lawj'er and poet; 1582 d. u. 
Beaubrun, Charles, French portrait painter ; 1654 D.E. 
Beaubrun, Henri, Fr. portrait painter ; d. 1677 D.E. 
Beaubrun, Louis, French portrait painter ; 1640 D.R. 
Beaucaire de Beguillon, Francois, archbishop of 

Metz ; 1514—1591 C.R.u. 

Beauchamp of Holt, Lord, executed for treason ; 1388 
Beauchamp, French dancer; (/. 1695 D.U. 

Beauchamp, Alfonse de, French historian and littera- 
teur ; 1767-1832 d.f. 



BEA 



117 



BEA 



Beauchamp, Charles Gregoii-e, Marquis de, French 
military officer ; 1731—1817 R. 

Beauchamp, Henry Beauchamp Lygoii, Earl, English 
general ; b. 1788 F. 

Beaucliamp, John de, high admiral of England j 1350 

Beauchamp, John, English scholar ; 1587 q. 

Beauchamp, Joseph, French astronomer, traveller, 
and author ; 1752— 1801 e.D.u. 

Beauchamp, Ptichard, bishop of Hereford 1449, 
Salisbury 1450 ; d. 1481 rf./.E. 

Beauchamp, Eobert de, Eng. judge, 1234 ; d. 1252 /. 

Beauchamp, Sir Walter, speaker of the House of 
Commons ; 1415 

Beauchamp, Walter de, Eng. judge, 1226 ; d. 1236 /. 

Beauchamp, Will, de, EngUsh judge, 1234; d. 1262/. 

Beauchamp, Willinm Seymour, Lord, husband of 
Arabella Stuart ; 1611 

Beauchamps, Pierre Fraugois {Godard de), French 
dramatic writer ; 1689 — 1761 C.F.P.U. 

Beauchamps, Raphael de, French historian and 
Benedictine ; 17th cent. D. 

Beauchateau, Francois Chastelet de, French come- 
dian ; d. 1665 D. 

Beauchateau, Frangois Matthieu Chastelet de, French 
Enfant celehre, who, at twelve years of age, spoke 
seven languages C.R.U. 

Beauchateau, Hippolyte Chatelet de, French ecclesi- 
astic; 1665 D.u. 

Beauchene, Edmonde Pierre Chanvot de, French 
M.D. ; 1748— 1824 D.U. 

Beauchesne, Alcide Hyacinthe du Bois de, French 
litterateur ; b. 1804 F. 

Beauchesne de Gauin, French navigator ; 1698 d.r.u. 

Beauclair, Pierre-Louis de, Fr. writer; 1735 — 1804 D.U. 

Beauclas, G. H. de, French lexicographer ; 1750 D. 

Beauclerc, Lady Diana, Eng. i)aiutress; ISth cent. n.r. 

Beauclerck, Lord Aubrey, Eng. naval officer; rf. 1740 r. 

Beauclerk, James, bp. of Hereford, 1746 ; d. 1787 d. I. 

Beauclerk, Topham, English scholar, friend of Dr 
Johnson; 1739-1780 rj. 

Beauclerk. See St Albans. 

Beaucousin, Christophe- Jean -Francois, French lit- 
terateur and jurist ; 1751 — 1798 R.u. 

Beaudemoulin, Louis Alexis, Fr. engineer ; h. 1790 f. 

Beaudoux, Robert, Belgian engraver ; 1628 R. 

Beaufifort, Louis Leopold Amedee, Conite de, Belgian 
administrator ; h. 1806 F. 

Beaufils, Guillaume, French Jesuit and author; 1674 — 
1757 C.D.U. 

Beaufils, V., French priest and poet; 1680 D. 

Beaufort, Due de, French admiral ; 1665 

Beaufort, de, French painter ; 1771 D.N. 

Beaufort, Edmund, duke of Somerset, governor of 
Normandy, 1447 ; d. 1455 

Beaufort, Dom Eustache de, abbot of Sept-Fonts ; 
1635—1709 D.U. 

Beaufort, Sir Francis, English rear-admiral and hy- 
drographer; 1775—1857 F. 

Beaufort, Frangois de Vendome, Duke of, grandson of 
Henry IV., chief of la Fronde ; 1616—1669 D.u. 

Beaufort, Henry, bishop of Lincoln 1398, Winchester 
1405, cardinal; b. 1370'', d. 1447 CD.c^.k. 

Beaufort, Henry, bishop of Winchester, lord chancel- 
lor of England ; 1425 f.p. 

Beaufort, Henry Charles Fitz-Eoy Somerset, Duke 
of ; 6. 1824 _ F. 

Beaufort, Henri-Ernest Grout, Chevalier de, French 
traveller; 1798—1825 d.r. 

Beaufort, Jean, French physician; 1580 d. 

Beaufort, Louis de, Dutch physican and medical 
writer ; 1650 _ D. 

Beaufort, Louis de, French scholar and historian in 
Holland ; d. 1795 R.U. 

Beaufort, Margaret, countess of Richmond, mother of 
Henry VII. ; 1441—1509 c.d.r. 

Beaufort, Regnier de, Italian monk and physician ; 
d. 1722 D. 



Beaufort, Sir Thomas, duke of Exeter, lord chancellor 

of England, 1410 ; d. 1427 f.p. 

Beaufort, Thomas, high admiral of England ; 1403 
Beaufort - d'Hautpoul, Charles Marie Napoleon 

French general ; b. 1804 
Beaufort d'Hautpoul, Edward, Marquis de, French 

military officer and author ; 1782—1831 f R 

Beaufort-Spontin, Alfred Charles Auguste Constant 

tin, Due de ; b. 1816 p 

Beaufort-Thorigny, Jean Baptiste, French general" 

1761—1825 " F.!,; 

Beaufoy, Blark, astronomer and physicist ; 1764—1827 
Beaufranchet-d'Ayat, Comte Louis Charles Antoine 

de, French general ; 1757—1812 f U 

Beaugard {Thil), French painter ; d. 1828 d. 

Beaugard, Jean -Simon Ferreol, French advocate, 

poet, and dramatic writer ; 1754—1828 f.u. 

Beaugeard, French political writer, revolutionist, 

member of the Convention ; 1760—1832 d.U. 

Beaugence, or Beaugency, Lancelin, or Landri I.', 

Seigneur de, French noble ; 1050* d.L. 

Beaugency, Lancelin, or Landri II., Seigneur de, 

French warrior and scholar ; 1060* d.L. 

Beaugency, Raoul I., Maitre de, French warrior and 

crusader ; 1096 d.l. 

Beaugendre, Antoine, French scholar and preacher ; 

1628—1708 D.u! 

Beaugrand, Felix, French traveller and Franciscan ; 

1680* D. 

Beaugrand, Martm, French theologian ; 1620— 1698 D. 
Beauhamais, Alexandre, Vicomte de, French repub- 
lican general ; 1760—1794 f.u. 
Beauhamais, Claude, Comte de, French peer; 1756— 

1819 D.F. 

Beauhamais, Eugene de, duke of Leuchtenberg, vice- 
roy of Italy (1805) ; 1781—1824 c.d.r. 

Beauhamais, Francois, Marquis de, French royalist 
general and j^eer ; 1756 — 1823 D.U. 

Beauhamais, Horteuse Eugenie, queen of Holland ; 
1783—1837 

Beauhamais, Marie-Anne-Frangois Tilouchard Fanny, 
Comtesse de, French authoress ; 1738—1813 D.R. 

Beaujeu, Christophe de, seigneur de Jeaulges, French 
officer and litterateur ; 16th cent. D.U. 

Beaujeu, Edouard, marshal of France; 1316—1351 R.u. 

Beaujeu, Guichard de, French ambassador to Eng- 
land ; d. 1265 R.u. 

Beaujeu, Guichard de {the Great), baron of Beaujolais ; 
d, 1331 D.R. 

Beaujeu, Humbert IV., Sire de, constable of France ; 
d. 1250 D.R. 

Beaujeu, Pierre II. de Bourbon, Sire de ; d. 1502 d.u. 

Beaujolais, Louis-Charles-d'Orleans, Comte de, French 
prince, brother of Louis-Philippe ; 1779 — 1808 D. 

Beaujon, Nicolas, French banker and philanthropist ; 
1718—1786 D.u. 

Beaujour, Louis-Felix de, Baron de, French peer and 
diplomatist ; 1763—1836 D.U. 

Beaulac, Guillaume, French jm-ist, scholar, and au- 
thor ; 1745*— 1804 D.R. 

Beaulaigne, or Beaulegne, Barthelemy, French mu- 
sician and composer ; 1559 D.K. 

Beaulaton, French poet ; d. 1782 (?) ^ R.u. 

Beaulgite, Alexandre, French astronomer ; 1650 D. 

Beaulieu (Ca»U(SC?e Vernet), favourite of Charles VII.; 
d. 1427 D. 

Beaulieu, French music composer; 1570 k.h. 

Beaulieu, Augustin, Fr. navigator ; 1589—1637 D.u. 

Beaulieu, Charles Gillotiu de, French economist and 
author ; 1780 ,. ^ , P-^- 

Beaulieu, Claude-Frangois, French journalist, lusto- 
rian, and political writer ; 1754—1827 J^'^\ 

Beaulieu, Eustache, or Huitaces de, French poet and 
musician ; 1300 , ^, , ^:^- 

Beaulieu, Eustory, or Hector de, French theologian 
and poet; 1550 ,^„^ „„^ '^■^■ 

BeauUeu, Jacques, Fr.lithotomist; 16ol— l<.iOC.B,B.U. 



BEA 



118 



BEA 



Beaulieu, Jean Baptiste AUais de, French ornamental 
wi-iter ; 1680 E-U. 

Beaulieu, Jean Francois Bremont, French actor and 
revolutionist ; d. 1805 _ F.R. 

Beaulieu, Jean-Pierre, Baron de, Austrian general ; 
1725—1819 D.E. 

Beaulieu, Jean Louis Dugas de, French archffiologist ; 
h. 1788 F. 

Beaulieu, Louis le Blanc de, French Protestant theo- 
logian ; 1614—1675 D.u. 
Beaulieu, Sebastian de Pontault de, French general 
and engineer ; d. 1674 D-R- 
Beaulieu, Simon de, French prelate ; d. 1297 D. 
Beaulieu de Sosse, Jean de, Fr. general ; d. 1576 d. 
Beaumanoir, Baron de, French litt. ; 1720-1795 D.U. 
Beaumanoir, Jean de, a Breton warrior ; 1350 D.U. 
Beaumanoir, Jean Lavardiu, Marquis de, marshal of 
France ; 1551-1614 D.U. 
Beaumanoir, Philippe de, French magistrate, jurist, 
and poet ; d. 1296 D.U. 
Beaumarchais, Francois Jose^^h de la Barre de, 
French writer ; 1720 D. 
Beaumarchaie, Pierre Auguste Caron de, French 
dramatic author ; 1732-1799 C.d.e. 
Beaumavielle, French musician; d. 1688 d.k. 
Beaume, Joseph, French hist, painter; b. 1790 b.f. 
Beaumelle, Laurent- Angliviel de la, French littera- 
teur and critic ; 1727—1773 c.D.R. 
Beaumelle, Victor Laurent Suzanne Moise Angliviel 
de la, French political writer ; 1772 — 1831 D. 
Beaumer, Bladame de, French authoress ; d. 1766 D. 
Beaumesnil, Henrietta Adelaide [Villaard), French 
actress; 1748—1803 K.U. 
Beaumesnil, Pierre de, Fr. archaeologist; 18th cent. D. 
Beaumetz, Albert Marie Auguste Bruneau, Marquis 
de, French judge ; 1759-1824 D.F. 
Beaumetz, Bon-Albert Briois, Chevalier de, French 
politician and author ; 1759—1800 F.U. 
Beaumont, Lord, English general ; d. 1460 
Beaumont, Amblard de, French minister of state ; d. 
1375 R-U. 
Beaumont, Antoine - Francois, Viscount de, French 
naval officer ; 1733 or 53— 1805 D.K. 
Beaumont, Bazil, British admiral ; 1669 — 1703 D.R. 
Beaumont, Clnistophe de, abp. of Paris; 1703—1781 R. u. 
Beaumont, Claude-Etienne, French architect ; 1757 — 
1811 or 15 K.U. 
Beaumont, Claudio Francesco, Italian painter ; 1694— 
1766 E.T. 
Beaumont, Clement Guillaume, Fr. phys. ; 1620 d. 
Beaumont, Diego de Alova y, Spanish military officer 
and mathematician ; 16th cent. E. 
Beaumont, Etienne, philosopher and litterateur of 
Geneva ; 1718—1758 d.k. 
Beaumont, Eustache, Fr. engraver ; 1719 — 1769 u. 
Beaumont, Felix Bellator, Comte de, French senator ; 
b. 1793 D.F. 
Beaumont, Francis, English judge ; d. 1598 c./.r. 
Beaumont, Francis, English dramatic wi-iter and poet 
(colleague of Fletcher) ; 1585—1015 E.u. 
Beaumont, Fran, de Eguia, Ital. author ; 17th cent. E. 
Beaumont, Sir George Howland, English fine arts 
amateur ; 1753-1827 _ B.D.R. 
Beaumont, GuiUaume Robert Philippe Joseph Gean 
de, Fr. clergyman and ascetic writ. ; 1690* — 1761 D.u. 
Beaumont, Gustavo Auguste de la Bonniniere de, 

French politician and author ; b. 1824 
Beaumont, Hem-y Frederick, English polit. ; b. 1833 
Beaumont, Jean de {Derame), seigneur de Clichy, 
marshal of France ; d. 1318 D. 

Beaumont, Jean de Hainault, Sire de, French war- 
rior ; d. 1356 D.E. 
Beaumont, Jean-FranQois Albanis, French traveller, 
author, and agriculturalist ; 1755—1812 D.E. 
Beaumont, Jean -Louis Moreau de, French financier; 
1715—1785 D.E. 
Beaumont, Jeffrey de, French ecclesiastic ; d. 1273 e. 



Beaumont, John, Eng. master of the Rolls ; 1550 /. 

Beaumont, Sir John, English Litterateur and poet ; 
1582-1628 C.E.U. 

Beaumont, John, canon of Westminster ; d. 1565* l.q. 

Beaumont, John, English divine ; d. 1599 q. 

Beaumont, John, English writer ; 1805 D. 

Beaumont, Joseph, English poet, professor of the 
University of Cambridge ; 1615 — 1699 c.E.U. 

Beaumont, Joseph, English judge in British Guiana ; 
b. 1832 

Beaumont, J. I. G. Leprevot de, secretary of the 
French clergy ; 18th cent. d. 

Beaumont, Maiie Leprince de, French authoress ; 
1711—1780 D.E. 

Beaumont, Pierre Fr., Fr. engraver; 1720— 1780" D. 

Beaumont, Robert, master of Trinity CoUege, Cam- 
bridge ; d. 1567 I. 

Beaumont, Simon Herbert van, Dutch diplomatist, 
botanist, and poet ; 1574 — 1654 d.k. 

Beaumont, Thomas, sheriff of London ; 1442 d. 

Beaumont, Wentworth Blackett, Eng. polit. ; b. 1829 

Beaumont, William, American surg.; 1796—1853 a.e. 

Beaumont de Brivasac, Count de, French litterateur; 
1746-1821 E.u. 

Beaumont de Carriere, le Baron, French military 
oflicer; 1770-1813 d.r. 

Beaumont de Perefixe, Hardouin, archbishop of 
Paris; 1605-1070 d. 

Beaumont de la Banniniere, Gustave Auguste de, 
French politician and writer ; b. 1802 F. 

Beaumont - Labonniere, Marc Antonio, Comte de, 
French military officer ; 1763—1830 D.R. 

Beaumont-Vassy, Edouard Ferdinand, Vicomte de, 
French historian ; &j^ 1813 F. 

Beaune, French Dominican eccles. author; 1320 D. 

Beaune, Horimond de, French mathematician and 
councillor; 1601 — 1652 C.D.E. 

Beaune, Jacques de, baron de Samblan9ay, French 
financial minister under Francis I. ; d. 1527 T>. 

Beaune, Renaud de, abp. of Bourges ; 1527—1606 R.u. 

Beaunis de Chanterain, Pierre, seigneur de Viettes ; 
French historian ; 1610 d. 

Beaunoir, Alexandre - Louis Bertrand {Eohineau), 
French dramatic author ; 1746—1823 D. R. 

Beaupere, Jean, French ecclesiastic ; 1380—1450* D. 

Beaupied, Jean Francois, French ecclesiastic and 
author ; d. 1759 D.U. 

Beauplan, Am^d^e Louis Joseph Rousseau de, French 
dramatic author and novelist ; 6.1794* d.k, 

Beauplan, Arthur Rousseau, Fr. dramatist ; b. 1821 F. 

Beauplan, Guillaume Levasseur de, French geographer 
and engineer; d. 1670* D.E. 

Beauplet, French engraver ; 1672 D.E. 

Beaupoile, portrait painter E. 

Beauport, Benjamin, Fr. ecclesiastic ; 16th cent. D. 

Beaupre, Jean Nicolas, French antiquary ; b. 1792* F. 

Beaupre, Marotte, French actress ; 1668 D. 

Beaupre, Plat de, French member of the National 
Convention ; 1792 d. 

Beaupreau, Claude Guillaume, French surgeon den- 
tist ; 1760 D.U. 

Beaupuis, Charles Walon de, French theologian ; 
1621—1709 D.p.u. 

Beaupuy, Armand-Michael, Bachelier de, French re- 
publican general ; 1757 — 1796 R.u. 

Beaupuy, Nicolas - Michael, Bachelier de, French 
senator; 1750—1802 D.F. 

Beaurain, French tinker and revolutionist ; 1815 K. 

Beaiirain, Jean de, French royal geographer and en- 
gineer ; 1690—1771 C.D.E. 

Beauregard, Charles Victor ( Woirgard), French gene- 
ral ; 1764—1810 D. 

Beauregard, Jean Nicolas, French Jesuit iireacher ; 
1731-1804 D.U. 

Beauregard, Peter Gustavus Toussaint, American 
Confederate general ; b. 1818 e. 

Beaurepaire, Louis, French painter; 17th cent. N.U. 



BEA 



119 



BEO 



Beaurepaire, Nicolas Joseph, commandant of Verdun, 
French warrior and patriot ; 1740 — 1792 D.u. 

Beaurepaire, IST. Girard de, French officer of the 
Vendee ; d. 1793 D.u. 

Beaurepaire-Rolian, Henrique de, Brazilian traveller ; 
b. 1818* D.F. 

Beaurieu, Gaspard Guillard de, French litterateur; 
1728-1795 c.D.F. 

Beausard, Pierre, French physician and mathemati- 
cian ; d. 1577 U. 

Beausobre, Carl-Ludvig, Protestant i^astor of Berlin 
and writer ; 1690— 1753 d.e.U. 

Beausobre, Isaac de, French Protestant theologian, 
chaplain to the king of Prussia ; 1659—1738 c.E.U. 

Beausobre, Jean Jacques, baron de Beaux, French 
general; d. 1783 E.U. 

Beausobre, Ludvig, litterateur, physician, and econo- 
mist of Berlin ; 1730—1783 C.D.B. 

Beausoliel, Jean-Jacques du Chatelet, Baron de, 
Flemish mineralogist and author ; 1576 — 1643 K.U. 

Beausoliel, Martine de Berthereau, Baronnede, French 
authoress ; 1632 D. u. 

Beaussier de Lille, Louis Joseph de, French naval 
officer ; 1700—1765 D. 

Beaussier, Louis Andre, Fr. naval officer ; d. 1789 D. 

Beautemps-Beaupre, Charles Fran9ois, French engi- 
neer and hydrographer ; h. 1766 u. 

BeautevlUe, Jean-Louis du Buisson de, bishoi^ of 
Alais ; 1708—1775* K.U. 

Beauvais, Bertrand Pairier de, French Vendean gene- 
ral; 1755—1827 D.u. 

Beauvais, Charles Mcolas Dauphin de, French en- 
gi-aver; 1687—1763 b.k. 

Beauvais, Charles Nicolas de Prcau de, French physi- 
cian, politician, judge, and author; 1745—1794 D.R. 

Beauvais, Charles - Theodore, French general and 
writer; 1772—1830 D.F. 

Beauvais, Esther de, French authoress D. 

Beauvais, Gilles-Franjois, French Jesuit and ascetic 
writer; 1695—1773 R.u. 

Beauvais, Guillaume, French numismatist and author ; 
1698-1775 D.E. 

Beauvais, Jacques, French engi-aver ; 18th cent. d. 

Beauvais, Jean-Baptiste-Charles-Marie dc, bishoj) of 
Senez; 1731—1790 D.U. 

Beauvais, Philippe, French sculpt. ; 1739—1763 D.u. 

Beauvais, Philippe, French sculptor; d. 1781 d.e. 

Beauvais, Eemy de, Fr. Capuchin and poet; 1610 d.e. 

Beauvais, Vincent de, compiler ; d. 1264 

Beauval, Jeanne-Olivier Bourgignon, French actress ; 
1643^'- 1720 E.U. 

BeauvaUet, Leon, Fr. actor and dramatist ; b. 1829* P. 

Beauvallet, Pierre Francois, French actor and dra- 
matic author; b. 1801 D.F. 

Beau vaUet, 'Pierre-Nicolas, Fr. sculp. ; 1749— 1S28 F.u. 

Beauvarlet, Jacques-Firmin, French engraver ; 1731 — 
1797 B.D.U. 

Beauvarlet, Jacques Marie, French oi-ganist and music 
comijoser ; 1766 — 1833 D.u. 

Beauvarlet-Charpentier, Jean Jacques, French or- 
ganist and music composer ; 1730—1794 D.K. 

Beauvau, Bertrand de, seigneur de Precigny, French 
politician and ambassador ; 1400* — 1474 d. 

Beauvau, Charles - Juste, marshal of France, and 
author; 1720—1793 d.e. 

Beauvau, Charles -Juste, prince de Craon, French 
senator; 6. 1793 D.F. 

Beauvau, Henri, Marquis de, French general and 
author ; d. 1684 D. 

Beauvau, Henri, Baron de, French warrior, ambassa- 
dor, and writer; 1600 D.R. 

Beauvau, Louis, seneschal of France and ambassador ; 
1410*— 1472 D.E. 

Beauvau, Louis Charles Antoine, Marquis de, French 
general; 1710—1744 • D. 

Beauvau, Marc, prince de Craon, viceroy of Tuscany ; 
1679-1754 D.ii. , 



Beauvau, Marc Etienne Gabriel de, French noble, 
chamberlain to Napoleon ; 1773—1849 d.f. 

Beauvau, Marc-Ren(5 Antoine Victurnien, Prince de', 
French deputy ; 6. 1816 ^\ 

Beauvau, Pierre, seneschal of Anjou ; d. 1435* d' 

Beauvau, Pierre de, seigneur de la Bessiere, French 
warrior; 1415*— 1453 jj. 

Beauvau, Rene', French warrior, constable of Naples'; 

d. 1266 t; tt 



E.U. 



Beauvau, Rene Francois de, archbishop of Toulouse • 

1664—1739 D R 

BeauviUier, or Beauvilliers, the name of a noble 

French family -q. 

BeauvilUers, Antoine, French professor of cookery ': 

1754—1825 D.u. 

Beauvilliers, Francois Honorat de, due de St Aignanj 

French academician ; 1607 — 1687 d, p.' 

Beauvilliers, Marie de, French abbess of Montmartre • 

1574-1656 X) E 

Beauvilliers, Paul Hippolyte de, due de St Aignan, 

French general and author ; 1648 — 1714 d. 

Beauvoir, Aimee Leocadie Doze, Madame Roger dej 

French actress and authoress ; b. 1823 d.f. 

Beauvoir, Edouard Roger de, French dramatic author 

and novelist ; b. 1809 d.f. 

Beauvoir, or Belvisius, Giacomo, Ital. jurist; 1270 d*. 
BeauvoUier, Jean Vallot, Baron, chief of the Ven- 
dean army ; d. 1794 e.U. 
Beauvollier, Pierre-Louis VaUot de, French military 

inspector and general ; 1770 — 1825 d.u. 

Beauxalmis, Thomas, French Carmelite theologian 

and writer; 1524 — 1589 d.u. 

Beauzee, Nicolas, French grammarian, author, and 

academician ; 1717 — 1789 C.D.G. 

Beaven, James, English div. and author ; h. 1800* M. 
Beaver, John (Fiber, Fiberiiis, Castor, Castorius), Eng. 

Benedictine of Westminster Abbey; 14th cent. D.E. 
Beaver, Philip, English navigator and captain ; 1766— 

1813 D.R. 

Beavor, Edmund, English naval captain ; 1744 R. 
Beaw, William, bishop of Llandaff, 1679; d. 1706 d.l. 
Beaziano, or Beatiano, Augustino, Italian poet; 

1530 E.U. 

Beazley, Samuel, English dramatic author and archi- 
tect; 1786—1851 a. 
Bebtaer, Isaac, Dutch physician ; 1636—1668 D. 
Bebber.Johann Baptist, German humanist and author ; 

17th cent. D. 

Bebel, Balthasar, scholar and theologian of Stras- 
bourg; 1632—1686 c.D.U. 
Bebel, or Bebelius, Heinrich, Swabian scholar and 

Latin poet; 1472*— 1516* c.d.e. 

Bebenberg-, Lupoid, or Ludolph Von, German bishop 

of Bamberg, and author ; 1340 D.K. 

Bebutofi", Vassili Osipovitch, Russian gen. ; b. 1789* F. 
Beca, Barthelmy, Flemish historian ; d. 1463 D. 

Becan, bishop of Clonard ; 687 c. 

Becan, Guillaume, Flemish Jesuit preacher and Latin 

poet; 1608—1683 D.U. 

Becan, Jan Van Gorp, Flemish savant, physician, and 

author; 1518-1.572 D.E. 

Becan, Martra, German Jesuit author ; b. 1561 c. 
Becanus, Joannes [de Beck), Dutch ecclesiastic and 

author; 1344 K. 

Becanus, Joannes, German eccles. and author ; 1619 R. 
Becanus, Martin, German Jesuit, theologian, and 

author ; 1550 or 62—1624 D-E- 

Becanus, Wilhelm, Flemish Jesuit and author ; b. 

1630* K. 

Becart, Jean, Flemish eccles. and author; d. 163o D.u. 
Beccadelli, Antonio (Panormita), Italian savant and 

author • 1394 1471 ^•^• 

Beccadelli, Luigi, Italian biographer, archbishop of 

Ragusa ; 1502— 1572 C-l.-E- 

Beccafumi, or Mecberino, Domenico Senese, Italian 

painter; 1484-1549 E.T.u. 

Beccalini, Giovanni, Florentine painter D.E. 



BEG 



120 



BEG 



Beccara, or Becliara, Camillus, Italiaa poet and 
ecclesiastic ; 1570 D.K. 

Beccaii, Madame, French authoress ; 17G0 D.U. 

Beccari, Agostino, Ital. dramatic poet; 1510*— 1590 i.e. 
Beccari, Giacorao-Bartolomeo, Italian physician, phil- 
osojiher and scientiiic wi'iter ; 1682 — 1766 D.l. 

Beccaria, Antonio, of Pavia, Italian poet ; 1340 P.E. 
Beccaria, Antonio, Italian hellenist ; 16th cent. D. i. 
Beccaria, Ctesare Bonesana, Marquis de, Italian 
economist, politician, and lawyer; 1738—1794 p.F. 
Beccaria, Giovanni-Battista, Italian monk, physician, 
philosoj)hei', and scientific writer; 1716 — 1781 c.d.k. 
Beccaruzzi, Francesco de Conogliano, Italian pamter ; 
16th cent. b.t. 

Beccatelli, Giovanni Francesco, Italian musician and 
composer ; d. 1734 D.E- 

Beccau, F. , German poet ; 1720 B. 

Beccello, Gaspardo, Italian sculptor ; 16th cent. U. 
Bechetti, Giuseppe, Bolognese painter ; 1750* D.N. 
Becchio, or Becchius, Guglielmo, Italian bishop of 
Fiesole, and author ; d. 1480 u.E. 

Becci, Francesco, Italian jurist ; 17th cent. _ D.I. 
Becci, Giovanni - Battista, Italian ecclesiastic and 
author ; d. 1687 ^ D.I. 

Beccold, John, Dutch Anabaptist apostle ; 1533 E. 
Bec-Crespin, the name of an ancient noble famUy of 
Normandy D. 

Bec-Crespin, Jean de, bishop of Sfc Malo, historian, 
and litterateur ; 1540— 1610 _ K.U. 

Beccuci, Domenico Maria, Italian hellenist and author; 
1730—1800* _ E.u. 

Beccuti, Francesco {il Copetta), Italian classical poet ; 
1509—1553 E.U. 

Beccuto, Adrien dell', Italian poet and ecclesiastic ; 
d. 1652 D.I. 

Bec-de-Lievre, Anne Christophe, Marquis de, loyal 
French noble ; 1774—1795 d.e.u. 

Bec-de-Lievre, Ch., warrior of Normandy; (Z. 1678 D.u. 
Bec-de-Lievre, N., French military officer; 1790 D. 
Bec-de-Lievre, Pierre, treasurer-general to Francis 
II., duke of Burgundy ; 1491 D. 

Bec-de-Lievre, Pierre, first president of the mur des 
aides in Normandy ; 1054 D. 

Bec-de-Lievre, Kaoul, lieutenant of Eennes ; 1489 d. 
Bec-de-Lievre, Rene, counsellor of the exchequer of 
Normandy ; 1512 D. 

Becelli, Giulio Cesare, Italian litterateur and poet; 
168:^—1750 D.i.u. 

Beceri, Domenico, Florentine painter ; 1530* e.t. 
Becerra, Dominico, Spanish ecclesiastic and -writer; 
16th cent. D.E.R. 

Becerra, Francisco, Spanish architect ; 1573 d.e. 

Becerra, F. Ferdinandus, Spanish ecclesiastic and 
writer; 1610 D.E. 

Becerra, Gasparo. Spanish painter, sculptor, and archi- 
tect ; 1520—1570 ' D.K.T.U. 
Becerril, Alonzo, Spanish sculptor and artist in 
silver ; 16th cent. D.E. 
Becerril, Cristobal, Spanish artist ; d. 1534 d.e. 
Becerril, Francisco, Spanish artist ; d. 1573 D.E. 
Bechada, Gr^goire, French poet ; 12th cent. D. 
Bechameil, Louis de, marqu.is de Mointel, French 
financier and gastronomist ; d. 1703 D. 
Bechamp, J. A., French physician ; b. 1816 F. 
Bechard, Ferdinand, French publicist ; 6. 1799 F. 
Bechaud, German general of brigade ; 1770 — 1814 D. 
Beche, Sir Henry de la, Eng. geologist ; 1796 — 1855 
Becher, Alfred Julius, English political writer and 
musician; 1804*— 1848 D. 
Becher, Sir Edward, lord mayor ; 1727 d. 
Becher, Lady Eliz., Eng. tragic actress ; h. 1791* M. 
Becher, Johann Joachim, German chemist, jjhysician, 
and philosophical writer ; 1625—1682 c.d.e.W. 
Becher, Sigefroy, Austrian economist and author; 
b. 1806 X).r. 
Beclierer, Friedrich, Prussian archt. ; 1746—1823 D.N. 
Bechet, Antoine, French litterateur; 1649—1722 E.u. 



Bechet, Jean Baptiste, French author and antiquary < 
1759—1830 D.F, 

Bechet, Johann, German fabulist ; 16th cent. D. 

Bechon, Jean de Pochelrune, Fi-. engraver; 1670 B.E. 
Bechstein, Johann Matthias, German ornithologist 
and writer on natural history ; 1757 — 1822 D.U. 
Beclistein,Ludwig, Germ. poet and novelist; 6.1801 D.F. 
Bechtelin, Christian, German Jesuit and poet ; 17th 
cent. D. 

Bechteimuntze, Nicolas, German printer ; 1469 \v. 
BecMold, Johann, German colourer of engravings ; 
1584 N.E. 

Bechtold, Johann Georg, Prussian theol. ; b. 1732 B, 
Becichemi, Marino, Italian philol. ; 1468—1526 E.U. 
Becius, Jan, Dutch savant (Socinian) ; 1622—1690 E.u. 
Beck, Andreas Christian, German typographer; 1782 — 
1820* D.U. 

Beck, Anton August, German designer and engraver ; 
b. 1713 E. 

Beck, Carl, German poet ; b. 1817 D. F. 

Beck, Carl Joseph, German surgeon and medical 
writer; 1794—1838 d.k.u. 

Beck, Casp. Achatius, German jurist and author; 
1682—1733 R. 

Beck, Cave, English theol. and author ; 18th cent, ix 
Beck, Christian Daniel, German antiquary and his- 
torian ; 1757—1832 _ D.U. 
Beck, Christian Friederich, German pianist and com- 
poser ; 1780 D.K. 
Beck, Christian Heinrich, German painter; h. 1765 D.N. 
Beck, or Beek, David, German organ builder ; 1790'-' D. 
Beck, David van dei', German physician and author ; 
1648—1684 E.W. 
Beck, Dominicus, German Benedictine, physician, 
mathematician, and naturalist ; 1732 — 1791 G.U. 
Beck, or Baeck, Elias, German painter and engraver ; 
1680—1747 E. 
Beck, Francis, English eccles. and compiler; 1730 D.Q. 
Beck, Francois, Fr. operatic composer; 1731 — 1809 k.e. 
Beck, George, English jiaiuter and translator in 
America; 1749— 1812 _ _ a.e. 
Beck, Heinrich, German comedian and comic author ; 
1760—1803 D.B. 
Beck, Jacob - Christian, Swiss historian and theo- 
logian ; 1711—1770 
Beck, Jacob Sam., Germ, portrait painter ; b. 1715 E. 
Beck, Jacob-Sigismond, German philos.; IStli cent. U. 
Beck, Juan, Baron de, Spanish general ; d. 1647 E.u. 
Beck, or Baeck, Johann Georg, Germ, engraver: 1700 E. 
Beck, Johann Jose, German jurist ; 1604 — 1744 Q.E. 
Beck, Johann Ludwig "Wilhelm, German jurist and^ 

wi-iter ; b. 1786 D.F. 

Beck, John Brolhead, American author and physi- 
cian ; 1794—1851 a.e. 
Beck, Lewis C, American chemist and naturalist , 
1800*— 1853 a.e. 
Beck, L\illus, Benedictine musician ; b. 1715 k. 
Beck, Matthias Friedrich,Germ. linguist; 1649 — 1701 E. 
Beck, Michael, German theologian and author ; 1653^ 

1712 D.K. 

Beck, Pleichard Carl, German music composer ; 17th 
cent. . E. 

Beck, Theodoric Romeyn, American physician and 
writer; 1791 — 1855 a.e. 

Beck, Tobias Gabriel, engraver of Nuremberg ; D.E. 

Becke, A. van, Flemish painter of flowers and birds ; 
1700* E. 

Becke, Ignatz (?), German military officer, and oper- 
atic composer ; 1780* E. 

Becke, Johaun-Carl van der, German jurist and poet; 
1750—1830 D.R.U. 

Becke. See Beck. 

Becker, German maker of counterfeit coins; d. 1830 E. 

Becker, Carl Ferdinand, German writer on music and 
musicians ; b. 1804 D.F. 

Becker, Christi,ane Amalie Luise, German actress ; 
1777—1796* E. 



BEC 



121 



BED 



Becker, Cliristopher Ludwig, German physician and 
medical writer ; 1756—1792 _ E. 

Becker, Daniel, German physician and author; 1594— 
1655 c.D.K.u. 

Becker, Daniel, German physician ; 1027—1670 d.r. 

Becker, Daniel Christopher, German doctor of medi- 
cine ; 1658—1690 or 91 D.E. 

Becker, Deitrich or Thierry, German violinist and 
music composer ; 17th cent. D.K. 

Becker, Everard Philip, Germ, apothecary ; h. 1741 B. 

Becker, Felix, German poet ; 1810 D. 

Becker,Ferd., Germ, savant andauthor; 1740— 1810G.E. 

Becker, George Philip, German physician and writer; 
1756-1794 _ E. 

Becker, Godefroy Wilhelm, German physician and 
miscellaneous \\T:iter ; h. 1778 D. 

Becker, Gotthelf Wilhelm Rupert, German miscel- 
laneous wi-iter ; 1759—1823 E. 

Becker, Hermann, Livonian author ; 1700 D.R. 

Becker, Jacob, German painter ; 6.1810 b.f. 

Becker, Johann Germain, German physician and 
medical writer ; 1770— 1840* _ D.R. 

Becker, Johann Hermann, German ecclesiastic, physi- 
cian and author ; 1700— 1759 D.Q. 

Becker, Johann Pliilip, German apothecary and 
aiithor; 1711—1799 R. 

Becker, Johann Phil., Germ, polit. writer; h. 1809 D.F. 

Becker, Joseph, French politician ; d. 1820* D. 

Becker, Julius, German music composer and critic ; 
b. 1811 F. 

Becker, Karl Friedrich, Germ, hist.; 1777-1806 D.E. 

Becker, or Bajert-Becker, Leonard Nicolas, comte de 
Mons, French military officer ; 1770—1840 D. 

Becker, Nicolas, German poet ; 1816—1845 D. 

Becker, Peter, Pomeranian theoL; 1491—1563 g.e. 

Becker, Peter, German ecclesiastic and mathemati- 
cian ; 1672—1750* D. 

Becker, Phili^j, German jurist and wi-iter on laws ; 
1742 D, 

Becker, Philipp Christoph von, German die sinker 
and seal engi-aver ; 1674—1742 D.N.E.U. 

Becker, Phil. Jacob, Germ, painter; 1763— 1829 b.d.n. 

Becker, Rudolf Zacharias, German journalist and 
political writer ; 1751—1822 D.E. 

Becker, "Wilhelm Adolph, German scholar and writer; 
6. 1796 _ D. 

Becker, "Wilhelm Gottlieb, German archaeologist and 
writer on agriculture ; 1763 — 1813 D.U. 

Beckerath, Hermann von, German financier and 
statesman; h. 1801 D.F. 

Beckers, Jean, Flemish ecclesiastic, geographer, and 
author ; d. 1763 D.U. 

Becket, Isaac, Eng. mezzotinto engraver; h. 1653 b.e.u. 

Becket, Thomas a, archbishop of Canterbury, lord 
chancellor of England ; 1117 or 19—1170 C.D./.jp.E. 

Beckett, William, English surgeon and medical wi-iter; 
1684-1738 D.u.w. 

Beckford, William, lord mayor of London, 1702 and 
69 : h. 1705, d. 1770 d. 

Beckford, William, English author ; 1760—1844 w. 

Beckingham, Charles, English dramatic poet ; 1699 — 
1730 C.D.E.W. 

Beckingham, Elias de, English judge, 1274 ; d. 1305 /. 

Beckington, Thomas, bishop of Bath and Wells (1443), 
secretary of state ; 1385*— 1465 C.t7.?.E.w. 

Beckles, Edward Hyndman, bishop of Sierra Leone ; 
h. 1816 M. 

Beckley, or Boeckley, German painter; 1711—1774 E. 

Beckley, £., German portrait painter E. 

Beckman, Sir Martin, Eng. amateur artist ; 1686 E. 

Beckmann, Bernhard, German Protestant ecclesiastic ; 
1660 D. 

Beckmann, Dothler, German ecclesiastic and histo- 
rian ; h. 1645 D. 
Beckmann, Friederich, German actor ; h. 1803 F. 
Beckmann, Johann, German economist, antiquary, 
physician, andauthor'; 1739—1811 D.E, 



Beckmann, Johann Friedrich Gottlieb, German or- 
ganist ; 1737-1792 d.e. 

Beckmann, Johann Theophilus, German naturalist^ 
inspector of forests and autlior ; 1750 d. 

Beckmann, Luc, German jurist ; 1571—1624 d. 

Beckmann, Nicolaus, German jurist ; 1666 e. 

Beckmann, Nicolaus, German mathem. ; d. 1786 E. 

Beckwith, Sir George, Eng. general ; 1753—1823 E.u. 

Beckwith, Josiah, English antiquary ; &. 1734 e. 

Beckwith, Thomas, English antiquary and artist, ; 
(oi — 1(86 c_ij_ 

Beclard, Jules, French surgeon and medical writer : 
b. 1815* . -p, 

Beclard, Pierre-Augustin, French surgeon, anatomist 
and author ; 1785— 1825 d.E. 

Becmann, Bernhard Ludwig, German historian ; 1694— 
1760 D.Q. 

Becmann, Chi-istian, German Protestant ecclesiastic 
and author ; 1580 — 1048 d. 

Becmann, Gustav Bernhard, German savant and 
counsellor ; 1720 — 1783 e. 

Becmann, Johann Christoph, German historian and 
geographer ; 1641 — 1717 d.g. 

Becmann, Otto David Heinrich, German savant and 
author ; 1722— 1784 e. 

Becceur, Charles, French hist, painter ; b. 1807 d.n. 

Becoeur, Jean Baptiste, Fr. naturalist ; 1718—1777 D. 

Becon, John, English author ; d. 1587 q. 

Becon, Richard, Eng. attorney and author ; 1586 q. 

Becon, Thomas, English reformer and writer ; 1511^ 

1570 C.D./.g'.E.W. 

Becquerel, Alexandi-e Edmond, French natural philo- 
sopher; b. 1820 D.F. 

Becquerel, Antoine Cesar, French physician, electri- 
cian, and philosophical writer; b. 1788 D.F.M. 

Becquerel, Louis Alfred, French physician and medi- 
cal writer ; b. 1814 D. 

Becquet, Antoine, French Celestine monk, historian 
of his order ; 1654—1730 C. D.u.w. 

Becquie, J. M., French flutist; 1800—1825 d.k. 

Becri-Mustapha, or Mustapha the Drunkard, favour- 
ite and companion of Amurath IV. ; 16th cent. D.U. 

Bectas, aga of the Janizaries ; d. 1649 D.U. 

Bectius, or Baeck, Theodoricus, German Jesuit and 
author ; 17th cent. _ _ E. 

Bectoz, Claudine de, French abbess and Latin' epistol- 
ogi-apher; 1480—1547 C.D.B. 

Beczkowski, Joliann Franz, German historian ; b, 
1658 K. 

Beczwarzowsky, Anton, Bohemian organist, pianist, 
and composer ; b, 1770* E. 

Beda, Italian friar ; 883* C.R. 

Beda, Noel, French theologian, doctor of the Sor- 
bonne, and author ; d. 1537 C.D.E.W. 

Bedaflf, Antony Aloysius Emmanuel van, Flemish 
historical painter ; b. 1787 B.D.N. 

Bedard, Jean Baptiste, Fr. violmist; 1765—1815 d.k. 

Eedas, Greek sculptor N.R- 

Beddevole, Dominique, Dutch naturalist and physi- 
cian; d 1692 E.U. 

Beddoes, Thomas, English physician, chemist, and 
author ; 1760—1808 c.E.u.w. 

Bede, or Beda (the Venerable), Anglo-Saxon historian, 
biographer, and commentator ; 673 — 735 C.D.R.w. 

Bede de la Gormandiere, Jean, French advocate and 

author; 1610 ^ -,on^'^' 

Bedeau, Marie Alphonse, Fr. general ; 1804-1803 M. 
Bedekowlcli, Josephus, Croatian friar and writer E. 
Bedel, or Bedle, French biographer ; 1650^" D. 

Bedel, Pierre, Fr. architect and sculptor ; d. lob/ E. 
Bedell, William, bishop of Armagh and Ljlmore 

(1629) ; 1570-1642 ^^^■'^' 

Bedene, Vital, French poet ; 1610 ,. , -o 

Bederic, Henry (of Bury St EdmuncVs), Engbsh Bene- 

dictine preacher and author ; 1380* C.d.R. 

Bedetti, Marian, Italian ecclesiastic and essayist; 

1774—1833 "• 



BED 



122 



BEG 



Bedford, Arthur, English prelate and writer against 

the stage ; 1668—1745 D.E.w. 

Bedford, Francis Rnssell, Duke of, English promoter 

of agriculture ; 1765—1802 
Bedford, Georgiana, Dowager-duchess of ; d. 1853 
Bedford, Hilkiah, English non-juring theologian ; 
1663—1724 C.E.U.W. 

Bedford, John Plantagenet, Duke of, general and re- 
gent of France ; 1389—1435 D. U. 
Bedford, John, Duke of, lord admiral of Eng. ; 1414 
Bedford, John, Duke of, lord-lieut. of Ireland ; 1806 
Bedford, John Russell, fourth Duke of, Eng. politician, 
lord-lieut. of Ireland, and prime min. ; 1710—1771 
Bedford, John Russell, sixth Duke of, English noble, 

patron of letters ; 1766—1839 
Bedford, Paul, English comedian ; 6. 1798 
Bedford, Thomas, English prelate and antiquary ; d. 
1773 C.E. 

Bedford, WiUiam Russell, Duke of, English royalist ; 

d. 1700 
Bedford, 'William, Eng. naval commander ; d. 1827 B. 
Bedford. See Russell. 

Bedick, Pet., Armenian antiq.and author ; 18th cent. D. 
Bedigis, Fi-angois-Nicolas, French caligrapher U. 

Bedil, Mirza Abd Ulcadir Bedil, Indian author ; d. 
1725 D. 

Bedimelli, Fran, de Paulo, Ital. anatomist ; 1750 D. u. 
Bedingfleld, Sir Henry, chief justice of Common Pleas 
(1680) ; 1633—1687 /. 

Bedingfleld, Sir Robert, lord mayor ; 1706 d. 

Bedingfield, Thomas, English justice of the Common 
Pleas ; 1648 /. 

Bedloe, William, English adventurer and plot-maker ; 
d. 1680 C.R.W. 

Bedmar, Alphonso de la Cueva, Marquis de, Spanish 
cardinal, diplomatist, and ambass. ; 1572 — 1655 D.R. 
Bedmar, Dom Francesco, Spanish hist. ; 1650* d.g.e. 
Bedoch, Pierre Joseph, French judge; 1761 — 1837 D. 
Bedos de Cellos, Dom Frangois, French Benedictine, 
mathematician, and author ; 1706 — 1779 K.E. 

Bedouin, Samson, French monk and dramatic author ; 
d. 1563^* D.E, 

Eedoyere, Marguerite Hughes Marie Hucliet de la, 
French writer ; 1709-1786 E. 

Bedr, Shirwani, Persian poet ; 15th cent. g.e. 

Bedr-Al-Djemali, Turkish general and statesman; 
1014-1094 D.R. 

Bedr-ed-deen (Loulou), Abord Jadayel, sovereign of 
Mosul, 1222* ; h. 1163*, d. 1259 D.E. 

Bedr-ed-Dowlah, sovereign of Aleppo ; 1121 E. 

Bedraschi, Jedaia ben Abraham, rabbi and author; 
1290 c.D.w. 

Bedreddin, Al IMasfar Ben Abdalrah-man Al-Balbeke 
Al Demeschki, Arabian author E. 

Bedreddin, Modhaffer Ben Cadhi, Syrian physician ; 
13th cent. E. 

Bedriaga, Maria Evgi-aphovna, Russian authoress ; 
1794—1830 E. 

Bedrotus, German classical scholar ; 1525 G.E. 

Bedruzicz, Christoph Harant de Polzicz et, Bohemian 
traveller and patriot ; 1560*— 1022 e. 

BeduscM, Antonio, Cremonese painter ; h. 1576 E. T. 
Beduzzi, Antonio, Ital. painter and arch t. ; 1720 ■'" D.N. 
Bedwell, Thomas, English mathematician and author ; 
d. 1595 D.g. 

Bedwell, William, English ecclesiastic and topogra- 
pher ; 1562-1632 D.E.w. 
Bedwin, bishop of Elmham ; 673 d. I. 
Bee, Barnard E., American Confederate brigadier ; 
d. 1861 e. 
Bee, John, English divine ; 1550 q. 
Beechcroft, George Skirrow, Eng. politician ; h. 1809 
Beecher, Catherine Esther, American authoress ; h. 
1800 _ _ a.e.M, 
Beeclier, Charles, Amer. divine and writer; 1840 a.M. 
Beecher, Edward, American author; h. 1804 a.e.M. 
Beecher, Henry, sheriff of London ; 1569 d. 



Beeclier, Henry Ward, American divine and author ; 

h. 1813 a. CM. 

Eeecher, Lyman, American divine and author ; 1775— 

1863 a.e.M. 

Beeclier, Sir W. W., husband of Miss O'Neil, the 

actress ; 1819 
Beecher-Stowe, Harriet, Amer. authoress; h. 1812 D.e. 
Beechey, Frederick WilUam, English admiral and 
Ai'ctic navigator ; 1796 — 1856 D. 

Beecliey, Sir WiUiam, Eng. painter; 1753—1839 B.E. 
Beeck, Ignatz, Germ, pianist and comp. ; d. 1803 D.K. 
Beeck, o?'Beius, Jan, Dutch Protestant eccles.; 1650 d. 
Beeck, Johann Martin, German Protestant ecclesiastic 
and author; 1665—1727 D. 

Beeck, Peter van, German historian ; 1620 D. 

Beeckmann, Isaac, Dutch mathematician ; d. 1677 D. 
Beeckmanns, Valentinus a S. Amando, Belgian Car- 
melite and author ; 1627—1687 R. 
Beelir, Mathias Johann, German chron. ; 18th cent. D.Q. 
Beeke, Rev. Dr, English ecclesiastic and savant ; 
1751—1837 K. 
Beek, or Beck, David, Dvitch portrait painter; 1621 — 
1656 B.D. 
Beekkerk, Hermanus Walter, Dutch painter ; 1756 — 
1776 N.E. 
Beeldemaker, Fran., Dutch hist, painter; h. 1069 B.D. 
Beeldemaker, Jan, Dutch painter ; h. 1636 b.d. 
Been, Jean Nicolaides, Danish writer; 1700 D.Q. 
Beer, Amalia, German female artist ; d. 1724 E. 
Beer, Cornelius, Flemish painter ; 1650 D.N. 
Beer, Friederich Wilhelm, Hungarian Protestant eccle- 
siastic ; 1691—1756 D. 
Beer, Georg, German author ; 1643 — 1714 D. 
Beer, Georg-Joseph, Austrian physician and oculist ; 
1763-1821 D.R. 
Beer, Hans, German architect ; 1485 n.e. 
Beer, Johann, German visionary ; d. 1600 D. 
Beer, Johann Christopher, German miscellaneous 
writer ; d. 1712 D. 
Beer, Johann Friedi-ich, German miniature painter E. 
Beer, Jos., Bohemian clarionet player; 1744 — 1811 K.E. 
Beer, Martin, Gennau ecclesiastic and geographer; 
1617-1692 _ D. 
Beer, Michel, German Jewish dramatic author; 1800^ 
1833 . D.E. 
Beer, M. Friedrich Wilhelm, German historian and 
chronologist ; 1708—1760 Q.R. 
Beer, Seb., Germ, jurist and author; 1609—1659 D. 
Beer, Wilhelm, Germ. Jewish astrou. ; 1797—1850 d. 
Beer. See Baehr. 

Beer-Bing, Isaiah, Jewish scholar, hebraist, and 

author; d. 1805 D.f. 

Beerestraaten, A. Van, Dutch marine painter ; d. 

1687 E. 

Beering, o?' Beliring, Vitus, Danish navigator; 1680* — 

1741 
Beerings, Gregory, Flemish painter ; 16th cent. U. 
Beers, Nathan, officer of the American revolutionary 
army; 1753—1849 e. 

Beeth, William, English writer ; 16th cent. D. 

Beethoven, Ludwig von, German music composer; 
1770-1827 D-F-K. 

Beffa-Negrini, Antonio, Italian poet and miscellaneous 
writer; 1532—1602 D.u. 

Befiara, Louis Francois, French litt.; 1751—1838 D.u. 
Beffroi de Reigny, Louis- Abel ( Cousi n Jacq ues) , French 
political and dramatic author ; 1757—1811 D.R. 
Beffroy de Beauvoir, Louis-Etienne, French agricul- 
turalist, member of the National Convention ; 1754 — 
1825 F.u. 

Bega, Cornelius, Dutch painter ; 1600—1664 B.C. P. 
Bega (St Bee), Irish virgin and saint ; 7th cent. E. 
Begarelli, Antonio, Italian sculptor and modeller; 
1498—1565 T.u, 

Begas, Carl, German painter; h. 1794 d.f.n. 

Begat, Jean, Fr. jurist and author ; 1523—1572 E.U. 
Begat, Pierre, French engineer ; b. 1800 F. 



BEG 



123 



BEI 



Begault, Gilles, French ecclesiastic and preacher ; 

1060— 1715-'^ D.K. 

Begble, Matthew, English colonial judge ; b. 1825 
Beger, Laurent, German numismatist, antiquary, and 

authors 1653-1704 c.D.U.W. 

Begeyn. See Begyn. 
Begghe, St, duchess of Brabant, mother of Pepin 

(Heristal) ; d. 692 or 8 D.L. 

Beggi-Jan, Shah Mourad Beg, sovereign of Bokhara ; 

d. 1800 . K. 

Begli, or Le Begue, Lambert, Flemish ecclesiastic, 

founder of the Beguines ; d. 1177 D. L. 

Begin, Auguste Emile, French surgeon and littera- 
teur ; b. 1803 . . ^ ^• 
Begin, Jacques, French physician ; 1G59 — 1729 T>. 
Begin, Louis Jacques, Fr. surg. and writ. ; 6. 1793 F. 
Beglatneu, bishop of Clonard ; 755 c. 
3egnamino, Jacopo, Italian philologist D.Q. 
Begni, Giulio Cesare, Italian painter ; d. 1676* K.T. 
Begnudelli, Basso, Italian jurist, ecclesiastic, and 

author; d. 1713 D.I. 

Begon, Etienne, French advocate ; 1658*— 1726 D. 
Begon, Michael, Fr. magistrate; 1638—1710 C.D.R. 
Begon, Scipio Jerome, French orator, bishop of Toul; 

1681—1753 D.R. 

Begrieres, Carbon de, Fr. veterinary surg. ; 1750 D. 

Begue, le. French physician ; 1720 D. 

Begue, Francois le, French biographer ; d. 1G99 D. 
Begue, Lambert le, French heretic ; 13th cent. D. 
Begue, Nicholas A. le, French organist and composer ; 

rf. 1700 or 20 D.R. 

Begue, Paul Houore, Fr. botanist ; 1743—1804 D.u. 
Begue de Presle, Achille Gustave le, French physician 

and philosophical writer ; 1735*— 1807 D.R. 

Beguelin, Nicolas de, Swiss physician, litterateur, and 

philosopher; 1714—1789 D.U. 

Beguignot, rioi Beguinot, Frangois Barthelemy , Comte, 

French general ; 1747—1808 D.U. 

Begulllet, Edme, French agriculturalist, economist, 

and historian ; 1720—1786 c.D.U.W. 

Beguin, , French author ; 1770 D. 

Beguin, Dan., Fr. Jesuit and author ; 1608—1696 D. 
Beguin, Jean, French physician and chemist, almoner 

to Louis XIII. ; 1600 K.U. 

Beguin, Nicolas, French ecclesiastic ; 1560 D. 

Beguinot, Count N., French gen. ; 1747-1808 R.U. 
Begyn, or Begeyn, Abraham, Dutch painter ; 1650^ 

1710* B.D.R.U. 

Behader-Shah, Alam Shah Qoutb Ouddine, emperor 

of Hindustan; 1642—1712 D.U. 

Behader, or Behadur, Khan Ala-ed-Dyn-Abou-Sayd, 

sultan of Persia ; 1302—1335 D.u. 

Behague, Jean Pierre Antoine, Comte de, French 

general; 1791 D.R. 

Behaim, Anne Elizabeth, Germ, poetess ; d. 1716 D. 
Behaim, or Beham, Martin, German astronomer, 

navigator, and geographer ; 143G* — 1506 D.R. 

Beham, or Boehem, Bartel or Bartlemy, German 

painter and engraver ; 1496 — 1540* N.R. 

Beliain, or Boehem, Hans Sebald, German painter 

and engraver ; 1500— 1552 C.N.u. 

Behamt), Johann Friedrich, Hungarian doctor of law 

and author ; 17th cent. D.R. 

Beheim, Michel (Poeta Weinsbergensis), German 



troubadour ; 1421—1490* 



D. 



Behem, Bernard, master of the Swiss mint ; 1436 — 

1.507 N.R. 

Behem, Bernard, master of the Austrian and Tyrolean 

mints ; 1511 N.R. 

BeMen, Louis Philip, German ecclesiastic and author ; 

d. 1777 D. 

Behlen, Stephen, German author ; 1784—1847 d. 

Behm, Ernest Leopold Friederich, German Protestant 

ecclesiastic and author ; 1700—1742 D. Q. 

Behm, Georg, German Jesuit and mathematician ; 

1621—1666 D. 

Behm, Godefroid, German mathematician ; 1670 D. 



Behm, Johann, German Protestant theologian and 

chronologist ; 1578—1648 d.u. 

Behm, Johann, German Protestant divine and author ; 

1687—1753 p. 

Behm, Mathieu, German poet ; 16th cent. D. 

Behm, Michael, German counsellor ; 1630* K. 

Behm, Michael, Germ. Prot. theoL; 1612-1650 D.R. 
Behmer, Friederich Ehrenreich, German jurist and 

author ; 1721—1776 d.u. 

Behn, Aphra, English dramatist, poetess, and novelist ; 

1640*- 1689 ^ C.R.U.W. 

Behnes, William, sculptor ; b. 1800, d. 1864 m. 

Behourt, Jean, Fr. gram, and dram, writ.; 1600 D.u. 
Behr, Christian Friederich de, German general ; 1739— 

1831 D.R. 

Behr, Christopher, German professor of poetry and 

eloquence ; d. 1704 q.r. 

Behr, Georg Heiurich, German physician and poet ; 

1708-1761 D.R. 

Behr, Jean Nicolas Joseph de, Belgian magistrate : 

b. 1786 K 

Behr, Johann van, German traveller ; d. 1692* d.q. 
Behr, Johann Heinrich August, Saxon statesman ; 

h. 1793 d.f. 

Behr, "VVilhelm Joseph, German author and political 

wi-iter ; 1775 d. 

Behram-Tchoubyn, Persian general ; d. 590 u. 

Behrendt, Johann Friederich, German ecclesiastic ; 

d. 1757 D.Q. 

Behrens, Carl Friedrich, German traveller • 1730 D. 
Behrens, Conrad-Bar told, German physician and his- 
torian ; 1660— 1736 C.D.R.W. 
Behrens, Geoi-g - Henning, German geographer and 

physician ; 1662—1712 D.u. 

Behrens, Michel, German ecclesiastic and author ; 

1657—1728 D.Q. 

Behrens, Kodolphe - Augustus, German physician, 

medical and philosophical writer ; d. 1747 D.R. 
Behrens, Thomas Georg, Germ, physicist ; 1775—1813 
Behrent, Johann, German jurist and author ; 1658— 

1712 D. 

Beich, Joachim-Franz, German landscape painter and 

engraver; 1665—1748 N.U. 

Beide, Walterus de, lord chancellor of Scotland ; 1183 
Beidhavi, Cadhi Nasser-ed-Deen Abu-Said Abdallah 

Ebn Oma, Moslem ecclesiastic and commentator on 

the Koran ; d. 1293 c.R. 

Beier, Adrian, German jurist and author ; 1634— 

1712 C.D.M.Q.R. 

Beier, August, German bibliographer ; b. 1707 D. 
Beier, Hartmann, German Lutheran divine and com- 
mentator; 1516-1577 _ D.u. 
Beier, Johann, German mechanician ; 18th cent. D. 
Beier, Otto, German historian ; d. 1720 D. 
Beil, Johann - David, German di-amatic author and 

actor; 1734-1794 Q-K- 

Beil, Johann-Gabriel,Germ.biographer; 18th cent. D.Q. 
Beimiram, Isaacc, Jewish physician ; 11th cent. D. 
Bein, Jean, French designer and engraver ; 1789— 

1857 I3-F-N. 

Beinaschi, Angela, Italian painter ; h. 1666 T. 

Beindorflf, Christian, German jurist ; 17th cent. D.Q. 
Beinga-Della, last king of Pegu ; d. 1775 _ R.u. 

Beinl von Bienentoourg, Anthon, German physician ; 

1749-1820 , ^D-U. 

Beintema, J. J. W. (Jan Ignatz Worbs), Dutcli 

physician and author ; 1700 ^• 

Beinvllle, Charles-Bartholomew de, French pohtical 

writer ; d. 1641 ^.U. 

Beiram Hadji, Turkish saint ; d. 1471 . . d. 

Beireis, Godefried Christian, German physician ana 

chemist ; 1730-1809 , . f-^- 

Beisch, Joachim Franz, German landscape painter ; 

1665—1748 ... , ,^Qn'^"^* 

Beisler, Hermann von, German politician; 0. l^yu d.f. 
Beismann, Heinrich, German pedagogue and author ; 

d. 1750 ^•^- 



BEI 



124 



BEL 



Beissel, or Beyssel, German orator, poet, jurist, and 
philosopher; 1474 D. 

Beissier, Jacques, French surgeon ; 1621—1712 D.K. 
Beisson, Fran9ois Joseph Etienne, French engraver ; 
1759—1820 N.U. 

Beitar, Spanish botanist and physician ; d. 1249 E. 
Beitler, Wilhelm Gottlieb Friederich, German pro- 
fessor of mathematics ; 1745 — 1811 G.ii. 
Beiton, Athanasius Ivanovitch, German officer in the 
Russian army ; 18th cent. E. 
Belyato, Italian historian ; 16th cent. D. 
Beja, Frey Anton de, Portuguese critic; 1493 — 1517 D.K. 
Beja, F. Lewis de Peristrello, Portuguese friar and 
author ; 16th cent. D.E. 
Bejaranus, Bejarauo, or Bexarano, Petrus, Spanish 
Dominican preacher ; 1600 D- 
Bejart, Elisabeth -Armaude-Gresinde- Clare, French 
actress, wife of Moliere ; d. 1700 _ E.U. 
Bejart, Genevieve, French actress ; d. 1675 K.U. 
Bejart, Jacques, French actor ; 1622—1659 D.K. 
Bejart, Louis, French comedian ; 16-30-1678 D. 
Bejart, Madeleine, French actress ; 1618-1672 D. 
Bejot, Francois, French librarian; 1718—1787 E.U. 
Bek, Ivan PhiUipovitch, Eussian military surgeon; 
1735—1811 R. 
Bek, Anthonv, bishop of Durham 12S4, patriarch of 
Jerusalem 1306; cZ. 1311 c.d.l.-R. 
Bek, Antony, bishop of Norwich, 1337 ; d. 1343 c^. l. 
Bek, or Bekh, Michael Schend van der, Eussian mili- 
tary physician and author ; 1725 K. 
Bek, Thomas, bishop of St David's, keeper of the 
Great Seal, 1279 ; d. 1293 dfy). 
Bek, Thomas, bishop of Lincoln, 1342 ; d. 1347 d.l. 
Bek. See Beck and Beek. 

Beka, or Bera, Jan, Dutch chronicler; 14th cent. CD. 

Beka, Jerome, Belgian Carthusian monk and writer E. 

Beka, Sibert, Carmelite ecclesiastic ; 1320 D. 

Beke, Ch. Tilstone, Eng. trav. and author; b. 1800 D.M. 

Bekensau, John, English publicist ; d. 1550 U. 

Bekesz, Gaspar, Hungarian nobleman, diplomatist, 

and commander of the troops ; 1530* — 1579 D.E. 

Beketov, Nikita Athanascivitch, Eussian governor of 

Astrachan, and author ; 1729—1794 E. 

Beketov, Nikolai Andreevitch, Eussian politician and 

diplomatist ; 1790—1829 _ K. 

Beketov, Platon Petrovitch, Eussian printer and 

publisher ; 1761—1836 E. 

Bekinsau, John, English author ; 1496—15.59 e. 

Bekinshawe, Eobert, president of Queen's College, 

Cambridge; d. 1526 l.q. 

Bekker, Balthazar, Dutch theologian and Protestant 

preacher ; 1634—1698 c.D.R.W. 

Bekker, Elizabeth, Dutch authoress; 1733—1804 E.u. 

Bekker, Emanuel, German hellenist and author ; b. 

17S5 D.M. 

Bekovitch, Prince Alexander, Circassian officer in 

the Eussian service ; d. 1717 E. 

Bekry, or Alberky, Abou Obeyd Allah Abd Allah, 

Arabian geographer ; d. 1094 D. 

Bektash, or Hadji - Bektash, dervise of Amaisian 

Anatolia K. 

Bekukr, Gottlob Friederich Wilhelm, German music 

composer; 18th cent. D.K. 

Bel, or Belius, Andreas, librarian of the University at 

Leipzig, philosopher and author ; 1717 — 1782 D.U. 

Bel, Antoine le, French painter ; 1706 — 1793 D.U. 

Bel, Jean le, Belgian chronicler ; d. 1390* D. 

Bel, Jean-Jacques, French litt.; 1693 — 1738 C.D.R.U. 

Bel, John Baptist le, Flemish artist ; 1750* N.K. 

Bel, Karel Andreas, Dutch philosopher ; d. 1782 w. 

Bel, or Belius, Matthias, Hungarian theologian and 

historian ; 1684—1749 D.u. 

Bel, Eobert, English compiler ; 17th cent. D.Q. 

Bela I., king of Hungary, 1061 ; d. 1063 D.R. 

Bela II. (the Blind), 1131 ; d. 1141 d.e. 

Bela III., 1174 ; d. 1196 D.E. 

Bela IV,, 1235-70 ; d. 1270 d.e. 



Bela, Antonio, Spanish painter ; d. 1676 D.U. 

Bela, Chevalier de, Fr. colonel and hist. ; 1748 D.U. 
Belacato. See Bagnagatti. 

Beladori, Ahmed, Arabian writer ; 9th cent. D. 

Belair, Alex. Pierre Julienne de, French general and 
writer ; 1740 or 47—1819 D.U.W. 

Belair, Charles, negro general at St Domingo; 1802 D. 
Belanger, Charles, French naturalist ; 6. 1805 F. 

Belanger, Fr. Jos., Fr. architect ; 1744—1818 D.u. 
Belanger, Jean Baptist Ch. Jos ., Fr. mathem. ;&. 1790 F . 
Belardi, Francesco, Italian historian ; 6. 1696 D.I. 
Belasyse, Anthony, English divine and judge f.l.q. 
Belau, Nich. Bruno, German painter ; 1684—1747 E. 
Belay, or Bellay, French carver of ornaments E. 

Belbai, Malek-al-Dhaher Abu Said, sultan of Egypt ; 
1467 " E. 

Belbeuf, Antoine Louis Pierre Joseph Godard, 
Marquis de, French senator; b. 1791 D.F. 

Belbrule, T. , French engraver on wood ; 1580* K. 
Belcamp, Johann van, Dutch artist ; d. 1653 E. 

Belcari, Maffeo de, Italian poet; d. 1454 D.U. 

Belcaro, Damiano, Genoese sculptor ; 15th cent. D. 
Belcher, Dabridgecourt, English dramatic wi'iter ; d. 
1621 E. 

Belcher, Sir Edward, English naval officer and hydro- 
grapher; 6. 1799 D.M. 

Belcher, Jonathan, gov. of New Jersey; 1681 — 1757R.e. 
Belcher, Jonathan, chief justice of Nova Scotia ; 

1711*-1776 
Belcher, Tom, English pugilist ; 1783—1854 e. 

Belchier, John, English surgeon at Guy's Hospital ; 
1706-1785 K.w. 

Belcredi, Eichard, Coixnt, Austrian statesman ; 6. 1823 
Beldenak, Jens Andersen, Danish eccles.; d. 1532 G.R. 
Beldebusch, Carl Leopold, Count, German statesman 
and political writer ; 1749 — 1826 D.F. 

Beldomandis, Prodocismo, Ital. writ, on mus. ; 1400 D. 
Bele,Thos.,bp.of Lydda, suffragan of London; 1521 d.l. 
Beleago, or Baleago, Melchior de, Portuguese author; 
16th cent. R. 

Belegno, Carlo, Italian jurist; d. 1720 D. 

Belejambe, or Beljambe, Pierre, French engraver ; b. 
1752 B.R. 

Belelli, Fvilgencio, Italian general of the Augustinians; 
1682—1742 E.u. 

Belem, Fr. Jerome de, Portuguese librarian; b. 1692 E. 
Belem, Jane de (le Piiieau), mistress of Henry van 
der Nout ; 1790 R.U. 

Belenvei, or Belvezer, Aimery de, French troubadour; 
13th cent. E.U. 

Beler, Eoger, English baron of the Exchequer, 1322 ; 
d. 1326 /. 

Belesis, or Belesys, priest of Babylon, founder of the 
Babylonian empire D.u.X. 

Belestat, Gardouch, Marquis de, of Haarlem, littera- 
teur; 1725—1807 D.K. 
Belestat, Pierre Langlois de, French physician and 
antiquary ; d. 1583 E.u. 
Bslet, Michael, English judge ; 1189 /. 
Belet, Michael, English judge ; 1238 /. 
Beleth, John, Fr. theol. and author ; 12th cent. Q.R. 
Beleze, Guillaume, Louis Gustavo, Fr. litt. ; b. 1803 F. 
Belfort, Jean de, Fr. phys. and author ; 16th cent. D. 
Belforte, Eegnier de, Ital. phys. and author; d. 1712 D. 
Belforti, Ascagne, Italian poet ; 1600 D.l. 
Belforti, Michel Ange, Italian writer ; 1710 D.l. 
Belfour, Hugo John, English poetical and dramatic 
author ; 1803-1827 a.E. 
Belfredotti, De' (Bocchino), sovereign of Yolterra ; 
d. 1361 D.U. 
Belgarde, N., mulatto governor of Martinique; 19t 
cent. _ F.E. 
BelgiojOSO, Cristina Trivulzio, Princess of, ItaUau 
patroness of literature and art ; b. 1808 M. 
Belgius, or Bolgius, chief of the Gauls ; B.C. 280 E.U.X. 
Belgrado, Giacopo, Italian Jesuit, phUosoi^her, and 
mathematician ; 1704—1789 c.i.u.w. 



BEL 



125 



BEL 



Belgramo, Italian engraver ; 1680 K. 

Belgrand, Claude Henri, comte de Vaubois, French 
military officer ; 1748—1839 ix 

Belgrave, Eichard, English Carmelite lecturer ; 14th 
cent. C.D.E.w. 

Belhaven, Eobert Montgomery Hamilton, English 
peer; b. 1793 F. 

Belliomine, Dom Humbert, French Benedictine, sav- 
ant, and author ; 1653 or 55—1727 B.u. 
BeUlomme, Jacques Etieune, French physician and 
medical author ; b. 1800 F. 
Belibus, king of Babylon ; B.C. 702 
Belida, Jean, physician and author ; 1570 D. 
Belidor, Bernard (Forest) de, French engineer, scholar, 
and author ; 1693— 1761 C.D.F.w. 
Beliere, Claude de la, French writer ; 16G0 D. 
Beligatti, Cassio, Italian Capuchin traveller ; 1708 — 
, 1791 G.R. 
Beligh, Ismail, Turkish poet g.r. 
Beligli, Mustafa, Turkish poet ; d. 1705 G.R. 
Belin, French representative ; b. 1810 F. 
Belin, Alphonse, French eccles. and author ; 1680 D. 
Belin, or Bellin, Francois, French dramatic autlior ; 
1672—1732 D.u. 
Belin, Gabriel de Saint, French jurist and ecclesiastic ; 
1546—1590 D. 
Belin, or Bellin, Guiliaume, Fr. mus. ; 17th cent. d.k. 
Belin, Jacques Jean le, French j urist and author ; 
17th cent. D. 
Belin, Jacques Nicolas, Fr. jurist and author ; 1740 D. U. 
Belin, Jean Albert, French Benedictine and litterateur, 
bishop of Belley ; 1610*— 1677 D.u. 
Belin, Julien, French lutist ; b. 1530 D.K. 
Belin, or Bellin, Nicholas, Ital. engraver ; 17th cent. E. 
Belin de Ballu, Jacques Nicholas, French hellenist 
and author ; 1753—1815 D.f.e.u. 
Belin de Monterzi, French orientalist and translator ; 
1750 D.u. 
Beling, or Belnig, Oswald, German poet ; 1625 — 
1646 D.Q.u. 
Beling, Eichard, Irish hist, and rebel; 1613—1677 R.U. 
Belingan, or Bellingan, le Pere Jean Baptiste, French 
Jesuit and author ; 1666—1743 D.U. 
Belisario, or BeUisarrio, Luigi, Italian physician and 
author ; 16th cent. D. 
Belisarius, Eoman general ; 505*— 565 D.E.U. 
Belius. See Bel. 

Belknap, Jeremy, American historian and biographer ; 
1744—1798 A.«.D.e. 

Belknap, William G. , American military officer ; 
1794—1851 e. 

Bell, Lady, English paintress ; d. 1825 B. 

Bell, Andrew, English physician, founder of the mu- 
tual teaching system, and author ; 1753 — 1832 E.u. 
Bell, Beaupre, English antiquary ; d. 1745 C.R.u. 

Bell, Benjamin, Scottish surgeon and medical writer ; 
1749—1806 D.u.w. 

Bell, Sir Charles, English physiologist, anatomist, and 
author; 1774—1842 aw. 

Bell, Charlotte Bronte, English authoress ; b. 1824 F. 
Bell, Daniel, English scholar ; 1607 g. 

Bell, George Joseph, Scottish jurist ; 1770 — 1843 
Bell, Henry, Scottish mechanic, who introduced steam 
navigation into England ; 1767 — 1830 D.E. 

Bell, James, Scot, geographical writer ; 1769 — 1833 R. 
Bell, James, Eng. phys. and med. writer ; d. 1801 R. 
Bell, James Stanislas, English ship-owner and travel- 
ler ; d. 1842 D. 
Bell, Johami Adam Schoell von, German astronomer 
and orientalist ; 1591 — 1666 D. 
Bell, John, bishop of Mayo ; 1493 c. 
Bell, John, bishop of Worcester, 1539 ; d. 1556 d.l. 
Bell, John, dean of Ely, and master of Jesus College, 
Cambridge ; 1531— 1591 l.q. 
BeU, John, of Antermony, traveller; 1691—1780 D.R. 
Bell, John, Eng. printer and publisher ; 1746—1831 D.E. 
BeU, John, English artillery officer ; 1747-1798 D.E. 



Bell, Sir John, English general ; b. 1792 F, 

Bell, John, of Edinburgh, surgeon, anatomist, and 
surgical writer ; 1763—1820 e.U. 

BeU, John, American statesman ; 6. 1797 e. 

BeU, John, English lawyer ; d. 1836 r. 

Bell, John, English sculptor ; b. 1812 f.m. 

BeU, Luther, American physician ; b. 180G e. 

BeU, Patrick, Scotch divine and inventor ; b. 1812 

BeU, Eichard, bishop of Carlisle, 1478 ; d. 1495 d.l. 

BeU, Eobert, Irish author ; 1800—1867 M. 

Bell, Sir Eobert, English chief baron of the Ex- 
chequer ; 1577 y. 

Bell, Eobert, Eng. author and polit. writer ; 6. 1800 d! 

Bell, Samuel, American statesman ; 1770—1850 e. 

BeU, Thomas, F.E.S., English medical and geological 
writer ; b. 1792 ° m. 

BeU, T. S., Layard's coadjutor at Nineveh ; d. 1851 ' 

Bell, WiUiam, bishop of St Andrews ; 1332 k. 

BeU, Williaia, English divine, founder, and author : 
1731-1816 D.r/.E! 

BeU, WiUiam, English painter ; d. 1800'' b.r. 

Bella [Father), ArdeUio della, Italian Jesuit, philolo- 
gist, and preacher ; 1720 i.u. 

Bella, Cesare, Italian poet ; b. 1670 u. 

BeUa, Geronimo, Ital. divine and poet; 17th cent. D.u. 

Bella, Giano della, Italian noble and democrat of 
Florence ; d. 1295* d.u. 

Bella, Ottavio, Italian poet ; b. 1661 u. 

Bella, Stefano della, Italian engraver and etcher ; 

1610-1664 B.D.N.R. 

Bellabocca, Benedetto, Italian physician ; 1500 D.i. 
BeUacato, Luigi, Italian physician and medical writer ; 

1501—1575 D. 

BeUacombra, Ant., Ital. jurist and author; 1540 d.i. 
BeUa Fago, Eoger de, English judge ; 1305 /. 

Bellafino, Francesco, Italian antiquary and author ; 

d. 1543 d.u. 

BeUagata, Angelo - Antonio, Italian physician and 

author ; 1704—1742 e.u. 

BeUagrande, Eloy, Italian jurist and writer on law ; 

d. 1675 D.I. 

BeUaguet, Louis Francois, Fr. author ; b. 1807 d.f. 
Bellaire, J. P. , French strategist and writer ; 1810 D. 
BeUaise, Julien, Benedictine ecclesiastic and scholar ; 

1641—1711 D.U. 

Bellaize, Hugues Francois Eegis de, French bishop of 

St Brieuc ; 1732-1796 D.U. 

BeUamino, , Siennese archt. and sculp. ; 1193 d. 

BeUamont, Eichard, Earl of, governor of New York 

and Massachusetts ; d. 1701 c. 

BeUamy, Sir Edward, lord mayor ; 1734 d. 

BeUamy,Mrs Geo. Anne, Eng. actress ; 1733—1788 d.r. 
BeUamy, Jacob, Dutch poet ; 1757-1786 d.u. 

BeUamy, Joseph, American ecclesiastic and religious 

writer; 1719—1790 «.c.R. 

Bellamy, Samuel, pirate ; d. 1717 e. 

BeUamy, Thomas, English miscellaneous writer; 

1745-1800 C.R. 

BeUandiero, Loys, Provengal poet ; 16th cent. u. 
Bellange, Jacques, Fr. ptr. and engraver; 1610'' B.R. 
BeUange, Joseph Louis Hippolyte, French historical 

painter ; 6. 1800 B.F. 

BeUange, Thierri, French painter ; 1596* D.U. 

Bellanger, Francois Joseph, Fr. archt. ; 1744—1818 D. 
BeUanger, J. A., French amateur engraver and 

etcher; 1745 «• 

BeUanti, Lucius, Italian writer ; 15th cent. R. 

BeUardi, Carlo - Luigi, Italian botanist and writer ; 

1741—1828 J>-'^- 

Bellarini, Giovanni, Ital. theol. and author ; d. 16o0 D. 
Bellarmin, Leonard, Belgian phys. ; 16th cent. d.u. 
BeUarmino, Eoberto, Ital. theologian, cardinal, abp. of 

Capua, controv., and author; 1542-1621 C.D.R.U. 
BeUart, Nicolas-Frangois, French lawyer, representa- 
tive, and magistrate ; 1761— 1826 D.U. 
BeUasio, Giovanni-Battista, Italian short-hand writer ; 

1550 D-I- 



BEL 



126 



EEL 



Bellasio, Paolo, Italian composer; IGtli cent. d.k. 

Bellati, Antonio - Francesco, Italian Jesuit preacher 
and author; 1665-1742 D.i. 

Bellati, Giovanni, Italian painter ; 1745—1808 d.r. 

BeU.a,tOT {Presbi/ter), scriptural commentator; 562 R. 

Bellaudiore, Louis de la, poet of Provence ; 1590 D. 

Bellausa, o?* Billausa, Nicola, Italian writer; 16th 
cent. C.D.I. 

Bellaveine, .Jacques Nicolas, Baron, French general ; 
1770—1826 D.u. 

Bellavere, Giovanni-Battista, Ital. poet; 1600 d.i. 

Bella via, Marc Antonio, Sicilian painter ; 1600 E.T. 

Bella vita, Angelo, Cremonese painter ; 1420*^ R.T. 

Bellavite, Francesco, Ital. litt. and poet; d. 1782 i.U. 

Bellay, Eustache du, bishop of Paris ; d. 1565 R.u. 

Bellay, Francois Philippe, French physician and medi- 
cal writer ; 1762—1824 D.F, 

Bellay, Guillaume, seigneur de Langey, French gene- 
ral, statesman, and litterateur ; 1491 — 154.3 C.d.r. 

Bellay, Jean du, cardinal, statesman, and poet ; 
1492—1560 c.D.K. 

Bellay, Joachim du {the French Ovid), French and 
Latin poet ; 1524*— 1560 C.D.R. W. 

Bellay, John, Eng. divine, provost of Oriel College q. 

Bellay, Martin du, Fr. gen. and dipl. ; d. 1559 c.D.U.w. 

Bellay, Rene du, bishoji of Mans, parliamentary coun- 
sellor ; d. 1546 _ D.U. 

Belle, Alexis Simon la, French jiortrait painter ; 
1674—1734 D.K. 

Belle, Clement-Lonis-Marie-Anne, French historical 
painter ; 1722— 1806 D.R. 

Belle, Jean Francois Joseph de, French general ; 
1767—1802 D.F. 

Belle, Maria Horthemels, French female painter and 
engraver; 17th cent. R.U. 

Belleau, Remy, French poet ; 1528—1577 cd.e.u.w. 

Bellebuoni, Matteo, Italian litt. ; 14fch cent. D.R.U. 

Bellec, Yves, French writer ; 1610 D.u. 

Eellecombe, Andre Ursule Casse de, French littera- 
teur ; b. 1822 F. 

Bellecour, Gilles {Colson), French actor ; 1725— 
1778 D.u. 

Bellecour de la Corbinaye, Rose Pijtronille le Roy, 
French actress ; 1730— 1799 D.u. 

Bellee, Theodore, Italian physician ; d. 1600 R.u. 

Sellefonds, Bemardin Gigault, Marquis de, marshal 
of France ; 1630—1699 D.R.u. 

Bellefonds, Leonard Gigault de, French ecclesiastic 
and author ; 17th cent. D.U. 

Bellefontaine, Louis, French physician and medical 
writer ; 1710 D. 

Belleforest, Francois de, French litterateur ; 1530 — 
1583 C.D.R.u.w. 

Bellefroid-Vanhove, Belgian agric. and author d. 

Bellegarde, Antoine Dubois de, French officer, mem- 
ber of the National Assembly ; 1740* — 1825 D.U. 

Bellegarde, Gabriel du Pac de, Fi-ench theologian, 
critic, and historian ; 1717 — 1789 D.R.u. 

Bellegarde, Henri, Comte de, Austrian general ; 
1755 or 8— 1831 d.r.u. 

Bellegarde, Jean-Baptiste Morvan de, French Jesuit 
and litterateur ; 1648 — 1734 d.r.u.w 

Bellegarde, Laforgue de,Fr. representative; b. 1808 F. 

Bellegarde, Octavius, archbishop of Sens ; 1585 or 7 — 
1646 D.R.u. 

Bellegarde, Roger de Saint Lary de, marshal of 
France; d. 1579 D.R.u. 

Bellegarde, Roger de Saint Lary et de Termes, Due 
de, peer of France, master of the horse to Henry 
IIL, IV. and Louis XIIL ; 1563*— 1646 D.u. 

Bellegent, Paul de, Fr. translator ; 17th cent. D.u. 
Bellegingue, Pierre, French physician and philoso- 
phical writer ; 1759 — 1826 D. u. 

Eelle-Isle, Charles-Louis-Auguste Fouquet, Comte de, 
marshal of France ; 1684 — 1761 d.r.u. 

Belle-Isle, Louis Charles Armand Fouquet, Chevalier 
de French general ; 1693 — 1743 D.R.u. 



BeUejambe, or Beljame, Pierre GuUlaume Alexandre, 

French painter and engraver ; 1759 — 1820* D.U. 

Bellel, Jean Joseph, French painter ; b. 1814 F. 

BelleUi, Fulgentius or Francis, Italian divine; 1677-^ 

1742 D.Q.R.U. 

Bellemans, Daniel, Flemish poet ; 1642*— 1674 D.u. 

Bellemans, Joseph, Belgian painter ; 1845 E. 

Bellemare, Jean Fran9ois, French author and politi- 
cal writer ; d. 1842* D.F. 

Bellemere, Gilles de, Fr. jurist and eccles.; d. 1409 D.u. 

Bellemout, Jean Baptiste Colbert de Beaulieu, French 
actor ; 1728—1803 D.U. 

Bellend de St Jean, Antoine Josejih, French military 
officer; 1746-1791 R. 

Belleuden, Adam, bishop of Dunblane, 1614 ; Aber- 
deen, 1635 k. 

Bellenden, Sir or Dr John, Scottish poet and his- 
torian ; c?. 1550 C.E.W. 

Bellenden, or BaUantine, WiUiam, Scottish Ciceronian 
scholar and author ; 1610 d.r.u.w. 

Bellenger, Francois, French doctor of the Sorbonne 
and philologer'; 1688—1749 c.D.u.w. 

BeUengM, not BeUenchi, Philip Maria All^ertin, abp. 
of Nicosia, scholar, and author ; 1758—1839 D. 

Belleo, Carlo, Ital. theol. and poet ; 1475*— 1583 I.U. 

Bellepares, king of Assyria ; B. c. 1380 

Belle-Perclie, Gautier de, French poet ; 1280 D. 

Belle-Perclie, Pierre de, French bishop of Auxerre 
and ambassador ; d. 1307 D. 

Bellepierre de Neuve-Eglise, Henri-Joseph, French 
cavalry officer, agric, and scient. writ.; b. 1727 D.u. 

Beller, Bellere, or Bellerus, John, Flemish printer 
and scholar ; d. 1595 D.R. 

Beller, Lucas, Flemish bookseller and printer ; d. 
1564 R.u. 

Bellerive, De, French historian ; 1710 D. 

Bellermann, Christoph Friederich, German littera- 
teur ; b. 1793 _ D.F. 

Bellermann, Constantin, German musician and music 
composer ; b. 1696 D. K. 

Bellermann, Johann Friederich, German author ; b. 
1795 D.F. 

Bellermann, Johann Joachim, German ecclesiastic, 
antiquary, and author ; 1754 — 1842 D. 

Bellerose, Pierre le Messier, French comedian ; d. 
1670 D.R. 

Bellers, William, suffragan bishop of Canterbury, 
1411; Lincobi, 1418 d.i. 

Bellet, I'Abbe, French divine, naturalist, antiquary, 
and author ; 1716 D.R. 

Bellet, Benjamin Louis, Fr. litterateur ; b. 1805 F. 

Bellet, Charles, French ecclesiastic and theological 
writer; 1702—1771 c.d.r. w. 

Bellet, Isaac, French phys. and author ; d. 1778 D. 

Belleteste, Baptiste, Fr. orient. ; 1778—1808 D.R. 

Belletti, Giovanni Francesco, Italian j lu'ist and author ; 
1735—1819 E. 

Bellet-Verrier, Hubert, French writer ; 1700 D. 

Belleval, Charles-FrauQois de {du Maisniel), French 
botanist and wi-iter ; 1733—1790 D.u. 

Belleval, Martin Richer de, French botanist and chan- 
cellor of the University of Paris ; d. 1644 U. 

Belleval, Pierre Richer de, French physician, botanist, 
and author; 1558-1623 D.R. 

Belleville, or Turlupin, Henri {Legrand), French 
comedian ; d. 1634 D.R. 

Belleville, Louis de, French writer ; 1600 D.Q. 

Belleville, Marguerite de Valois, daughter of Charles 
VL, king of France ; 1400*— 1458* D. 

Bellevois, Flemish painter ; d. 1684 D.N. 

Bellevue, Armand de, French Dominican author and 
lexicographer; 1330 D.R. 

Bellevue, Jacques de, French jurist; 1314 d.r. 

Bellew, John Chippendele Slortesquieu, English 
divine and dramatic reader ; b. 1823 M. 

Belley, I'Abbe Augustiu, French antiquary and 
ay.thor; 1G97— 1771 D.u. 



BEL 



127 



BEL 



Belleyme, , French geographer ; d. 1832* D. 

Bell Havor, Vincento, Italian organist and music com- 
poser ; 1530*— 1600^ D.K. 
Belli, Carlo, Ital. Jesuit and author ; 1742— 1816 d.u. 
Belli, Cherubino, Italian theol. and poet ; 1616 i.U. 
Belli, Francesco, Italian Franciscan and author ; 

1577—1644 D.I.R. 

Belli, Giovanni, Italian singer ; d. 1760 D.K. 

Belli, Givilio, Italian music composer ; 1600 D.K. 

Belli, Lazaro Venanzio, Ital. writ, on mus.; 1780 D.K. 
Belli, Mai'co Am-elio, Italian jurist ; 17tli ceat. D. 
Belli, Nicola, Italian political writer ; 1610 D.R. 

Belli, Nicola, Italian preacher ; 1070 D.I. 

Belli, Onorio, Ital. botanist and author ; 1600* D.Q. 
Belli, Ottonello, Italian author ; 1580 D.i. 

BelU, Paolo, Ital. Jesuit and author ; 1588—1658 I.U. 
Belli, Pascal, Italian architect ; 1752—1833 E. 

Belli, Pietro, Ital. jurist and author; 1502—1575 D.R. 
Belli, Sylvio, Italian mathematician, engineer, and 

Avriter ; d. 1575 D. I. 

Belli, Valerio {Valeria Vicentino), Italian lapidary; 

1479*— 1546 D.N. 

Belli, Valerio, Italian post and orator ; 1600 I.R. 

Bellia EstateUa, Ottavio, Ital. poet; 1661— 1693 d.r. 
Belliard, Augu.ste-Daniel, Comte, French general and 

diplomatist ; 1769—1832 D.f. 

BeUiard, William, French poet ; 1578 d.r. 

Belli-Blancs, Paolo, Italian actor ; 1774—1823 D. 
Bellfboni, Giambattista, Cremonese painter T. 

Bellicard, Jerome Charles, French architect, engraver, 

and author; 1726-1786* D.R.U.W. 

Bellier, Pierre, Fr. scholar and philologer ; 1570 d.r. 
Bellier-Duchesnay, Alexandre Claude, French editor ; 

1739—1810 D.u. 

Belliere, Claude de la, sieur de.la Niolle, French 

writer; 1660* D. 

Bellievre, Albert, archbishop of Lyons ; d. 1621 D.U. 
Bellievre, Claude, Fi-ench antiquary ; 1487 — 1557 D. 
BeUievre, Claudius, abp. of Lyons ; d. 1612 D.R.U. 
Bellievre, Jean de, seigneur de Hautefort, president 

of the Parliament of Grenoble ; 16th cent. D. 

Bellievre, Nicolas de, French judge, president of the 

Parliament of Paris ; 1583 — 1650 D.U. 

Bellievre, Papeuse de, president of the Parliament of 

Paris, and ambassador; d. 1637 R.U. 

Bellievre, Pomponne de, chancellor of France ; 1529 — 

1607 _ D.u. 

Bellin, Jacques-Nicolas, French naval engineer, geo- 
grapher, and author : 1703—1772 D.R. 
Bellin, Nicholas, Fr.^hydrographer ; 1703—1772 W. 
Bellin la Libortiere," Francois Louis, French writer ; 

1799 F.R. 

Bellincinl, Bartolomeo, Italian jurist and author ; 

1428—1478 D.I. 

Bellincioni, Bernardo, Florentine poet; d. 1491 i.r. 
Belling, Joseph Erasmus, German engraver E. 

Belling, Wilhelm- Sebastian, Prussian general ; 1719 — 

1779 or 99 d.r. 

BeUingen, Fleury de, French litterateur; 1650 R.u. 
Bellinger, Francis, English physician and medical 

writer; 1710 D.w. 

BeUingliam, John, murderer of Mr Percival ; b. 1771, 

ex. 1812 
Bellingham, Sir Edward, dep. lieut. of Ireland ; 1548 
Bellingham, P„ichard, EngUsh governor of Massa- 
chusetts ; 1592*— 1672 c.R. 
Bellini, Bellin, Italian painter ; 1500* B.T. 
Bellini, Carlo Amedeo, Italian jurist, antiquary, and 

author; 6. 1625 D.I. 

Bellini, Carlo Amedeo, Italian antiquary, jurist, and 

author ; 1708—1783 D.I. 

Bellini, Filippo d'Urbino, Italian artist ; 1594* r.t. 
Bellini, Gentilo, Italian painter ; 1421—1501 C.R.T.u. 
Bellini, Giacomo, Italian painter of the Venetian 

school ; 1405—1470 B.c.T. 

Bellini, Giovanni, Ital. painter; 1426—1516 D.R.T.u. 
Bellini, Hyacinth, Italian painter B.R, 



Bellini, Lorenzo. Italian anatomist and medical writer ■ 

1643—1704 c.D.R.w. 

Bellini, Vincenzio, Italian antiquary and author ; 

1708-1783 ^ n.i. 

Bellini, Vincenzio, Italian music composer; 1802— 
„ 1835 rjK. 

Bellmiano,Vittorio, Venetian painter ; 1526 r.t. 
Belliol, Jean Alexis, French surgeon and medical 

author ; 6. 1799 j-. 

Bellis, Antonio de, Neapolitan painter ; d. 1656 R.t! 
BeUisomi, Carlo, Italian cardinal and ambassador: 

1736—1808 D 

Bellmann, Carl Michael, Swedish poet ; 1741 — 

1795 D.R. 
Bellmann, Jan Arnd, Swedish writer ; 1664—1710 D. 
Bellmont, Philip Francis Von, German professor of 

national law; 1683 — 1740 g.r. 

Bello, Filippo, Neapolitan jurist and writer ; 1666-^ 

1719 K.U. 
Bello, Blarco, Ital. painter, Venetian school ; 1450* d.t. 
Bello Monte, John de, high admiral of England; 1388 
Belloc, Anne Louise Swanton, French authoress ; h. 

1796 D.F.M. 

Belloc, Jean Hilau-e, French painter ; h. 1787 F. 

Belloc, Jean-Louis, French surgeon and medical 

writer ; 1730—1807 _ d.r. 

BellocMo, Pietro, Italian Franciscan ecclesiastic and 

author; 1620 D.I. 

Bellocq, Alexandre, Fr. photographic artist ; 1815* B. 
Bellocq, Pierre, French litterateur, poet, and satirist ; 

1645-1704 c.D.R.w. 

Belloi, Pierre, French advocate-general and law writer ; 

1587 c.r/.p.w. 

Belloli, Luigi, Ital. mus. composer ; 1770—1817 D.K. 
Bellone, Etienne, French dram, author ; h. 1580* D. 
Bellone, Nicola, Italian author ; 16th cent e. 

Belloni, Fabio, Italian jurist and author; 1605* D.I. 
Belloni, Giovanni, Ital. theol. and jurist ; d. 1623 I.U. 
Belloni, Geronimo, Roman banker ; d. 1761 i.e. 

Belloni, Giuseppe, Ital. archt. and sculp.; 1705* D.u. 
Belloni, Paolo, Ital. jurist and author; h. 1625 d.r. 
Bellopselii, Peter, scholar at Cambridge : 1550 
Belloquet, Dominique Francois Louis, Baron Eogefc 

de, French archseologist ; h. 1796 F. 

Bellori, Giovanni Pietro, Italian antiquary, biographer, 

and archseological writer ; 1615 — 1696 C.R.W. 

Belloste, Aiiguste, French military surgeon and 

author; 1654—1730 C.D.K.w. 

Bellostenecz, John,. Illyrian lexicographer and 

preacher ; d. 1675 D. 

BeUot, Florence Ch., Fr. med. writ.; 1724—1774 R. 
Bellot, Joseph Rene, Fr. Arctic navigator; 1826—18-53 
Bellot, Pierre Frangois, Swiss jurist and author ; 

1776—1836 D.u. 

Bellot, Pierre, French poet ; 1783—1855 F. 

BeUott, Hugh, bishop of Bangor 1586, Chester 1595 ; 

d. 1596 d.l. 

Bellotti, Bernardo (Canaletto), Venetian painter and 

engraver; 1724-1780 B.T. 

Bellotti, Geronimo (?), Italian antiquai-y and author ; 

1720 D.I. 
BeUotti, Pietro, Venetian painter; 162.5—1700 r.t. 
Bellotto, Bernardo, Venetian painter ; 1718 T. 
Bellovesus, a Gaulish Celt, chief of the first colony 

established in Italy (Gallia-Cisalpina) ; B. c. 590 p. u. 
Bellows, Henry Whitney, American divine and writer; 

6. 1814 «• 

Belloy, Augusti, Marquis de, French poet ; h. 1815 F. 
BeUoy, Jean-Baptiste, cardinal, archbishoi) of Pans ; 

1709—1808 , i-;,^^-"' 

Belloy, Pierre de, French jurist and author; 1540 D.R. 

Belloy, Pierre -Laurent Buirette de, French tragic 
author and academician ; 1727— 1775 P''^l 

Bellucci, Antonio, Italian historical and portrait 
painter; 1654-1726 . . ^ ,B.T. 

Bellucci, Giovanni-Battista, Italian painter and en- 
gineer; 1506—1541 u. 



BEL 



12S 



BEM 



Bellucci,Giovanni-Battista,Ital. painter; 18th cent.D.T. 
Bellucci, Tommaso, Italian botanist ; 1660* D.l.R.u. 
Belluga, Luis, Spanish cardinal ; 1662—1743 g.r. 
Bellunello, Andrea (Bellunello da San Vito), Venetian 
painter; 1475 K.T. 

Bellunese.Giorgio {da »SaMFt(o),Ital.painter; 1550*b.t. 
Belluno, Victor Perrin, Due de, marshal and peer of 
France ; 1766—1841 F.R. 

BeUuno, Victor Perrin, Due de, Fr. senator ; h. 1828 F. 
Bellus, Jean Baptiste, French Jesuit, antiquary, and 
author; 1600—1670 D.W. 

Belluti, Buenaventura, Sicilian theologian, philoso- 
pher, and scientific writer; 1599—1676 D.R. 
Belly, or Billy, Jacques, French painter and engraver ; 
b. 1603 D.R. 
Belmas, Jacques Vital, French colonel and military 
writer ; b. 1792 F. 
Belmas, Louis, bishop of Cambray ; 1757 — 1841 D. 
Beimels, or Beaumes, Eichard de, bishop of London; 
1108 C.K.W. 
B3lmer, Eichard, bishop of Achonry ; 1424 c. 
Belmissero, Paolo, Ital. poet and phys.; b. 1490* D.u. 
Belmond, Jean-Antoine, French engraver; b. 1696 N. u. 
Belmondl, Pierre, French compiler ; 1774—1822 U.U. 
Belmont, Aimery de, troubadour of Provence; 13th 
cent. D.R. 
Belmonte, Luis de, Spanish dram, poet; 17th cent. r.e. 
Belmontet, Louis, French dramatic author and poet ; 
b. 1799 D.F. 
Eelmonti,Pietro,Ital.poetandmoralist;1537— 1592I.U. 
Belmore, Somerset Eichard Lowry (Jorry, Earl of, 

English statesman ; b. 1835 
Belo, Lorenzo, Ital. hp. , canonist, and writ. ; (Z. 1586 D.i. 
Belo, Liiciano, Italian physician and author; 1530 D.I. 
Belochus I., king of Assyria ; B.C. 1412 H. 

Belochus IL; B.C. 1405 h. 

Beloe, AVilliam, English scholar, critic, and translator; 
1756—1817 R.u.w, 

Eelon, , English physician and writer ; 1680 D.u. 

Belon.Pierre, Fr.natur. andtrav.; 1517 — 1564 c.D.R.W. 
Belorado, Juan de, Spanish Benedictine and author ; 
16th cent. r. 

Beloselsky, Alexander, Prince, Eussian scholar and 
diplomatist ; 1757—1809 R.U. 

Belot, Jean, Fr. priest, philos., and author; 1600 D.R. 
Belot, Jean, Fr. advocate and author; 17th cent. E.U. 
Belot, Michel, French biographer ; 1755 D. 

Belot, Octavie Guichard, Madame, French authoress; 
1719—1805 D.U. 

Belouino, Paul, French litterateur ; b. 1810* f. 

Below, Bernard, Swedish phys. and natur. ; 1650 D. 
Below, Julius-Friederich, Swedish naturalist, physi- 
cian, and author ; 1669 — 1716 D.u. 
Below, Karl Friederich, Swedish physician and medi- 
cal writer ; b. 1673 D. 
Belowselsky Belozerki, Alexander, Prince, Eussian 
author and diplomatist ; 1757 — 1809 D. 
Belpaire, Antoine, Belgian scholar and author ; 1789— 
1839 D. 
Belper, Edward Strutt, Lord, English cotton manu- 
facturer and politician ; b. 1801 M. 
Belpieri, Marc Antonio, Ital. astron. and poet; 1675 D. i. 
Belprato, Giovanni- Vincenzio, Count d'Aversa, Italian 
litterateur; 1650 l.u. 
Belpusi, Tommaso, Neapolitan nobleman and revolu- 
tionary chief ; d. 1798 U. 
Belsham, Hugh, bishop of Elj', 1257 ; d. 1286 d.l. 
Belsham, Thomas, Englisli Unitarian divine and 
author; 1750—1829 d.r.w. 
Belsham, William, English historian and compiler ; 
1753-1827 R.u.\v. 
Belshazzar, king of Babylon ; B.C. 555 
Belsunce, Comte de, French major ; 1790 e. 
Belsunce, Armand, Vicomte de, French general ; 
1722—1704 D. 
Belsunce de Castel-Moron, Hen. Fran^ois-Xavier de, 
bp. of Marseilles, and author; 1671 — 1755 C.D.E.w. 



Beltraffio, Gio Antonio, IMilanese ptr.; 1467 — 1516 B.T. 
Beltram, D. Jaun de Guevai'a, SiJanish prelate and 

author; 1542—1622 R. 

BeltrameUi, Giuseppe, Italian litt. ; 1734—1816 d.r. 
Beltrami, Antonio, Italian painter ; 1724 — 1784 D.N. 
Beltrami, Fabricius, Siennese writer ; 1600 I.R. 

Beltran, Herman Domingo, Spanish architect and 

scixlptor; d. 1590 E.U. 

Beltran, Jacques, Valencian poet ; 16th cent. E. 

Beltrando, Italian eccles. and poet ; 17th cent. D.I. 
Beltrano, Augustine, Neapolitan artist; 1646 — 1665K.T. 
Beltrano, Francisco Paolo, SicUian jurist and writer; 

1745—1802 K. 

Beltrano, Ottavio, Italian printer and bookseller ; 

1640 R.U. 

Beluomo, Gotard, Italian Jesuit and author ; 1640 d.i. 
Belurger, Claude, French hellenist and professor of 

belles-lettres ; d. 1Q22'^ D.U. 

Belus, or Nimrod, king of Assyria ; B.C. 2235 H. 

Belvalet de Fameclion, Ignace de, French general; 

d. 1698 D. 

Belvedere, Andrea Ab, Neapolitan painter ; 1646 — 

1732 R.T. 

Belvedere, Ferdinando, Italian Franciscan author ; 

1620 D.I. 

Belvezer, Aymeric de, Provencal poet ; d. 1264 E. 
BelviUe, John Henry, astronomer ; 1791 — 1856 
Belviso, Giovanni Stefano, Italian ecclesiastic and 

author ; 16th cent. D.I. 

Belviso, Jacopo or Giacomo, Ital. scholar ; d. 1335 R. 
Belvisolti, Lorenzo [the venerable Father Ignace), 

Italian preacher and axithor ; 1686 — 1770 D.U. 

Belyard, Simon, French poet ; 1590 R.u. 

Belz, Urbain Nathaniel, German physician and author; 

d. 1776 D. 

Belzais-Courmenil, Nicolas Bernard Joachim Jean, 

Fr. monetary reformer and prefect ; 1747 — 1804 D. 
Belzer, Zacharias, German crystal cutter and en- 
graver ; 1590 D.N. 
Belzoni, Giovanni-Battista, Italian traveller and anti- 
quary ; 1778—1823 D.R. 
Bern, Joseph, Polisli gener.al, traveller, and Turkish 

pasha ; 1795—1850 D. 

Bern, Magnus von, gov. of Kamtchatka ; 1772 D.E.U 
BemarcMus, Greek rhet. and sophist ; 4th cent. D. 
BemlDO, Bernardo, Venetian senator and writer, 

father of Cardinal Bembo ; 1433—1519 D.R. 

Bembo, Bonifazio, or Fazio da Valdarno, Cremonese 

painter ; 1461 D.R.T. 

Bemtoo, Bonifazio, Italian author ; 1485 D.I. 

Bembo, Dardi, Venetian noble, scholar, and author; 

d. 1633 I.R. 

Benitoo,Giovanni,doge of Venice, 1615-18; d. 1618 D.R. 
Bembo, Gio Francesco (II Vctraro), Cremonese painter; 

1524 _ D.T. 

Bemtoo, Pietro, Italian cardinal, historian, and poet ; 

1470—1547 C.D.R.W. 

Bembus, Matthew, Polish Jesuit and author ; 1587 R. 
Berne, or Besme, Carl Dianowitz, one of the mur- 
derers of Admiral Coligny ; d. 1575 d.r. 
Bemetzreider, German writer on theoretical music ; 

b. 1747, d. aft. 1816 k.r. 

Bemme, Jan, Dutch designer and engraver ; b. 1775 D. 
Bemmel, Burkhard Albert von, German designer ; 

1742-1755 D. 

Bemmel, Carl-Sebastian, German painter ; 1748*^ 

1796 C.D.U. 

Bemmel, Christoph von, Germ, painter ; b. 1707 D.N 
Bemmel, Georg Christopher TheophUus von, German 

painter; 1738—1794 D.N. 

Bemmel, Joel Paul, German painter ; b. 1713 D.N. 
Bemmel, Johann Georg, Ger. painter; 1669 — 1723 D.N. 
Bemmel, Johann Noe, German painter ; 1716 D.N. 
Bemmel, Peter von, German landscape painter; 1685 — 

1754 D. 

Bemmel, Wilhelm van, Dutch landscape painter; 

1630—1708 C.D.E. 



BEM 



129 



BEN 



Bemmelen, Abraham van, Dutch mathematician, 

mechanician, and scientific writer; 1763 — 1822 D.R. 
Bempde, Jourdan van der, Flemish poet ; 1670 D.U. 
Bemunde, Roger, prior of the Dominicans, Norwich ; 

1501 q. 

Benaben, Louis - Guillaume - Jacques - Marie, French 

litterateur and political writer ; 1774—1839 D.U. 
Benacci, Victorious, Italian printer ; 1G60 D.i. 

Benaglia, Antonio, Italian sculptor ; h. 1800* f. 

Benaglia, Cyjirieu, Italian ecclesiastic and author ; 

1676—17.50 D.I. 

Benaglia, Francesco, Italian painter of the Venetian 

school; 1476 D. 

Benaglia, Giuseppe, Italian jurist and author; 1648 — 

1737 D.I. 

Benaglia, Giovanni, Ital. trav. and author; 1680 D.I. 
Benaglio, Alexander, Italian divine and preacher ; 6. 
. 1600* E. 

Benaglio, Bartolomeo, Ital. sculptor; 18th cent. d.n. 
Benaglio, Giovanni, Italian mathematician, x^hiloso- 

pher, and ecclesiastic ; 17th cent. D.I. 

Benaglio, Girolamo, Italian painter ; 15th cent. d. 
Benaglio, Paolo, Italian sculptor ; 1730 D.N. 

Benaglio. See Benaglia. 

Benai, Persian poet ; d. 1512* D.u. 

Benalcazar, Sebastian, Spanish warrior, governor of 

Papayan; 1495*— 1550 D.U. 

Benalio, Giacomo Antonio, Ital. phys. ; 1490—1549 D. 
Ben Alogiaim, Persian phys. and astrol.; d. 1038-9 R. 
Benamati, Guido Ubaldo, Italian poet ; d. 1653 d.i. 
Benard, Dominique-Laurent, founder of the Benedic- 
tine congregation of St Maur, scholar and author ; 

1573—1620 D.R. 

Benard, J. F., French engraver ; 1672 b.r. 

Benard, or Eesnard, Jean Baptist, Fr. painter; 1755 r. 
Senary, Albert Agathon, German philologist; b. 1807 F. 
Benary, Franz Ferdinand, Germ, orientalist; 6. 1805 F. 
Ben-Ascher, or Ben-Nephtali, Jewish rabbi of Tibe- 
rias ; 11th cent. D.u.Z. 
Benaschi, Angela, Italian painter of the Piedmontese 

school ; 1666—1705* D.T. 

Benaschi, Giovanni - Battista, Italian painter and 

engraver; 1636 — 1690* D.T. 

Benasech, Peter-Paul, English engraver; b. 1744 B.u. 
Eenau, Joseph, Flemish poet ; 18th cent. D. 

Benavente, Claistopher de y Benavides, Spanish 

counsellor and diplomatist ; 1640 D.R. 

Benavente, Juan de Quiiiones de, Spanish jurist ; d. 

1650 E. 

Benavente, Luis de, Spanish dramatic writer ; 1645 R. 
Benavente, or Motolinea, Toribius de, Spanish 

Franciscan missionary to Mexico ; 16th cent. R. 
Benavides, Alfonso de, Spanish Franciscan and author; 

1625 R. 

Benavides, Didacus de Villalobos, Mexican military 

officer and author ; 17th cent. R. 

Benavides, Didier, Spanisli writer ; d. 1669 d.e. 

Benavides, Juan E,anm-ez don, Spanish painter ; d. 

1782 D.N.u. 

Benavides, or Bonavidio, Marco (Marco Mantuano), 

Italian jurist and litterateur ; 1489—1582 c.D.U. 
Benavides, Peter Arias de, Spanish doctor ; 1567 R. 
Benavides, Vicente de, Span, painter; d. 1703 D.R.u. 
Benazech, or Benezech, Charles, English painter and 

engraver ; 1740* — 1803 B.D. 

Benazie, French ecclesiastic, antiquary, and author ; 

1634—1723 D. 

Benbenaste, Samuel, Spanish rabbi and author ; 13th 

cent. D.o. 

Bentaenista.Een Jacob,Ital.rabbi andauthor; 1670D.O. 
Benbenista, Vidal, Spanish rabbi, author, and scholar ; 

loth cent. D. 

BenbOW, John, English admiral, prisoner at Mada- 
gascar (1701 ) ; 1650*— 1702 c.R.u.w. 
Bence, Jean, French theol. and author; 1568—1642 D. p. 
Benchaim, Abraham, Italian rabbi and writer; 15th 

cent. D. 



Benci, Domenico, Italian painter, assistant of Vasari* 



1567 



D.T* 

Benci, Francesco, Ital. lecturer on medicine; d. 1487 R.u. 

Benci, Francesco, Itahan Jesuit preacher and poet : 
1542—1594 c_Q J u 

Benci, Georgio, Ital. eccles. and author; 18th centDiq! 

Benci, Tommaso, Florentine noble ; 1470* e. 

Benci, or De Benciis {Ugo de Siena), Italian physi- 
cian, scholar, and author ; d. 1448* D.R.U. 

Bencion, count of Carcassone ; tZ. 908 

Bencivenni, Giuseppe, director of the Gallery of Arts 
at Florence; 1731—1808 c.D.F.W. 

Bencivenni, Ser Lucchero, Italian notary and trans- 
lator; 1316 jj_ 

Bencovich, Frederic [11 Fcderighetto di Dalmatia), 
Dalmatian artist ; d. 1760* k.t. 

Benda, German mus. and composer ; 1745—1814 d! 

Benda, Frenz, Bohemian violinist ; 1709—1786 D.E. 

Benda, Friederich Louis, German musician and com- 
poser ; 1746—1792 D.K. 

Benda, Georg, German musician and composer ; 1721 — 
1795 n.E. 

Benda, Johann Wilhelm Amadius Otho, German mu- 
sician and author ; 1757 or 75—1832 d.U. 

Eendassoli, Giovanni, Veronese sculp. ; 18th cent. D. 

Ben-David, Abraham, Jewish rabbi and scholar ; 
12th cent. d.u. 

Ben-David, Lazarus, German Jewish philosopher, lit- 
terateur, and mathematician ; 1762 — 1832 D.R.U. 

Bendel, Bernhard, Bavarian sculptor ; d. 1736 D. 

Bendeler, or Bendler, Johan Christian, German land- 
scape painter ; 1688 —1728 D. 

Bendeler, Johann PhiUpp, German musician and 
composer ; 1660* — 1712' D.K. 

Bendeler, Solomon, German singer ; 1683—1724 k.k. 

Bendemann, Edw., Prussian painter ; b. 1811 b.d.m.n. 

Bender, Johann Louis, German jurist and author ; 
16th cent. D.Q. 

Bender, Blaize, Colombean baron, Austrian field-mar- 
shal ; 1713—1798 C.D.U. 

Bendinelli, Augusto, Italian musician and composer ; 
1550*— 1620* D.K. 

Bendinellus, Antonio, Italian scholar and author; 
16th cent. D. 

Bendish, Bridget, grand-daughter of Cromwell ; d. 
1727* D. 

Bendixen, Sigefroy, German painter, engraver, and 
lithographer ; 19th cent. D.N. 

Bendlowes, or Benlov/es, Edward, English poet; 
1602—1676 c.D.R.W. 

Bendlowes, William, English barrister and author; 
d. 1584 f.q. 

Eendon, Robert, high admiral of England ; 1324 

Bendonsky, Symon Szymononicz, Pohsh Latin poet ; 
1557—1629 E. 

Bendsten, Bendt, Dimish author ; 1763—1830 D. 

Bendsten, Frederic Oail, Danish eccles. ; 1800 D.K. 

Bendusi, Francesco, Italian musician ; 1600 D.K. 

Bendz, Willem, Danish painter; 1806—1833 D.N. 

Bene, Baccio or Bartolomeo, Italian Greek and 
Latin scholar ; 1560* K. 

Bene, Sennucio del, Italian writer ; d. 1349 R. 

Benecke, Georg Friederich, German linguist and 
author; 1762—1844 C 

Benecken, Friederich, German musician and com- 
poser ; 1760—1818 D.K. 

Benedek, Ludwig von, Austrian general ; b. 1804 d.m. 

Benedetti, or Benedicti, Alessandro, Italian physi- 
cian, anatomist, and medical author; d. 1511' D.E. 

Benedetti, Antonio, Italian Jesuit and antiquary ; 
1715-1788 , ,?-^; 

Benedetti, Domenico, Italian physician and meUical 

wi-iter;174S . , „?J^- 

Benedetti, Francesco, Italian dramatic poeo ; lib:>— 

1821 P:^' 

Benedetti, Giovanni-Battista, Italian mathematician 

and scientific witer ; d. 1590 B.D. 



BEN 



130 



BEN 



Benedetti, Giuseppe, Ital. engraver; 1707 — 1782 d.n. 

Benedetti, Giulio Oesare, Italian physician and medi- 
cal writer ; d. 1656 r>. 

Benedetti, Marie Euphrosine, Italian female artist ; 
18th cent. D.N. 

Benedetti, Matthias, Ital. fresco painter ; h. 1702* E.T. 

Benedetti, Mattia, Ital. eccles. and painter ; 6. 1650 D.T. 

Benedetti, Michele, Italian paiuter and engraver ; 
b. 1745* D. 

Benedetti, Pietro, Italian poet ; ICOO D,i. 

Benedetti, Roch, Ital. scholar and author ; 1560 D.i. 

Benedetti, Tommaso, Itali.an engraver; b. 1797 d.f.n. 

Benedetti, Vincent, French diplomatist ; b. 1815 M. 

Benedetti, Zaccaria, Ital. poet and theol. ; 1520 D. 

Benedetti. See Benedictus. 

Benedettis, Dominico, Ital. painter ; 1610—1678 B. R. 

Benedetto, Jeanne, Ital. dramatic author ; 1680 D.i. 

Benedetto da Majano, Florentine sculptor and archi- 
tect ; 1444—1498 D.E. 

Benedetto da Montepalciano, Siennese sculp. ; 1569 d. 

Benedetto da Rovezzano, Italian sculptor and archi- 
tect ; 1480*— 1550 D.u. 

Benedict, St, founder of the Benedictine order of 
Mouachism ; 480—543 C.D.U. 

Benedict I. (Bonoso), Pope, 574-8 ; d. 578 d.k.u. 

Benedict II., Pope, 684-5; d. 685 D.R.u. 

Benedict III., Pope, 855-8 ; d. 858 d.k.u. 

Benedict IV., Pope, 900-3 ; d. 90.S d.k.u. 

Benedict V., Pope, 964-5 ; d. 965 d.e.u. 

Benedict VI., Pope, 972-4 ; d. 974 d.r.u. 

Benedict VII., Pope, 975-84 ; d. 984 d.e.u. 

Benedict VIII. (John, bishop of For to), Pope, 10l2- 
24; d. 1024 d.e.u. 

Benedict IX. (Terfilacto of Tusculum), Pope, 1033-54 ; 
d. 1054 D.E.U. 

Benedict X. (Giovanni, bishop of Velletri), Pope, 
10.58-9; d. 1509 D.e.u. 

Benedict XI. (Nicolo Boccasini, bishop of Ostia), Pope, 
1303-4 ; b. 1240, d. 1304 c.d.e.u. 

Benedict XII. (Jacques Fournier de Novelles), Pope 
(1334-42); 1342 C.d.e.u. 

Benedict XIII. (Pedro de Luna), anti-Pope, 1394- 
1403 ; b. 1334, d. 1424 c.d.e.u. 

Benedict XIII. ( Vicenzo Marco Orsino, archbishop of 
Bencvento), Pope (1724-30) ; 1649—1730 C.D.E.U. 

Benedict XIV. (Prospero Lambert ini, archbishop) of 
Bolofjna), Pope, 1740-58; d. 1758 d.e.u. 

Benedict, bishop of Eoss ; 1172 c. 

Benedict de Sansetum, bishop of Kochester, 1215; 
d. 1226 d.l. 

Benedict, bishop of Achonry, 1286 ; d. 1311 c. 

Benedict (Cardicensis), sutfragan liishop of Norwich 
and Winchester ; 1333-46 d.l.B. 

Benedict, Italian painter ; 1178 D. 

Benedict, Romish Maronite missionary and author ; 
1663-1742 E.u. 

BenedictofAniani, Benedictine reformer; 751 — 821 e. 

Benedict (C Appenzclien), Swiss contrapuntist ; 1540 

D.K. 

Benedict of Gloucester, English monk and writer ; 
1150* e. 

Benedict of Peterborougi., English abbot and histo- 
rian ; d. 1193 c.R. 

Benedict, Biscop, Anglo-Saxon monk, abbot of Wear- 
mouth ; 600—690 c.E.u. 

Benedict, David, American writer ; b. 1780* a. 

Benedict, Erastus D., American writer; b. 1800 a. 

Benedict, Julius, German musician and composer ; 
6. 1805 D.M. 

Benedict, Traugott Wilhelm Gustav, German physi- 
cian and author ; 19tli cent. D. 

Benedict, Z. Kozimina or Kozminski,'Polish professor 
of theology ; 16th cent. E. 

Benedictls, Ben. Tetius de (Capra), Italian jurist, 
theologian, and author ; IStii cent. D. 

Benedictls, Elpidio de, Italian architect, scholar, and 
author ; d, 1690 D. 



Benedictls, Giovanni-Battista de, Italian Jesuit philo- 
sopher ; 1620—1706 
Benedictls, Jacob or Jacopmus de, Italian Minorite 

friar ; d. 1306 E. 

Benedictls, Luigi Vicenzio, Italian ecclesiastic and 

author ; 17th cent. D. 

Benedictls, Stefano, Ital. political author ; 1580 D. 
Benedictus, bishop of Marseilles ; 122!) K. 

Benedictus, or Benedict!, French writer ; d. 1520* R. 
Benedictus, Angelus St Vincenzio, Italian Carmelite 

friar and author ; 1654 — 1725 E. 

Benedictus, A. 8. Josei^ho, Italian sacred music com- 
poser; 1642—1716 D. 
Benedictus, Giovanni, Italian physician and medical 

writer ; 1548* d.q. 

Benedictus, Jean, Fr. phys. and hellenist ; d. 1664 E. 
Benedictus, Levita, German author, deacon of Metz ; 

840* R. 

Benedictus, Liberius, alchemist and author ; 17tli 

cent. (?) D. 

Benedictus, Zacharias, Italian Carthusian monk and 

writer ; b. 1508* E. 

Benedictus. See Benedict and Benedetti. 
Benedlktot, Wladimir, Euss. lyric poet ; b. 1810* D. F. 
Benedlx, Julius Roderigue, German comic writer ; 

b. 1811 D.F. 

Benefial, Marco, Italian painter ; 1684—1764 b.t. 
Benefield, Sebastian, English ecclesiastic and author ; 

1559—1630 c.E.vy. 

Beneforti, Francesco, Italian architect ; 1715—1802 D. 
Benegasi y Luxan, Spanish poet ; 1740 D. 

Beneke, Friederich Eduard, German philosopher and 

author ; b. 1798 _ _ D. 

Benekendorf, Carl Friedeiich von, German political 

writer; 1720—1788 G.E. 

Benelli, Antonio Peregrino, Italian musician and com- 
poser ; 1771—1830 D.K. 
Benesch, Benedict, Bohemian divine ; 14th cent. R. 
Benese, Richard, English eccles. and author E.W. 
Benet, English vice-chancellor ; 1192 /. 
Benetelli, Luigi Maria, Italian ecclesiastic and author ; 

1641—1725 D.I. 

Beneton de Moranges de Peyrins, Etienne-Glaude, 

French litterateur ; c^. 1752 D.U. 

Benetti, Antonio, Italian traveller ; 1680 d.i. 

Benettl, Giovanni Domenico, Italian physician and 

medical author ; 6. 1658 D.E. 

Benetti, Giovanni, Italian poet ; 1802—1825 D.s.u. 
Benetus, Cyprian, Aragonese Dominican author; d. 

1522 R. 

Benevent, Jerome de, French author ; 1608 d.e. 

Benevoli, Antonio, Italian sui-geon and medical 

wi-iter ; 1685— 1756 c.d.e.w. 

Benevoli, Orazio, Ital. music composer; 17th cent. k.e. 
Benezeclx, Pierre, French statesman; 1745—1802 p.u. 
Benezet, Anthony, American philanthropist ; 1713 — ■ 

1784 c.cE.u.w. 

Benezet, St (Petit-Benoit) ; d. 1184 d.u. 

Benezot, Frantjois, French historian ; 1620 D. 

BenfattO, Luigi (cL Friso), Italian painter; 1551— 

1611 R.T. 

Benfey, Theodor, German linguist and orientalist ; 

6. 1809 D.e.F. 

Beng, or Bengy, Antoine, seigneur, de Puisvallee, 

French jurist ; 1569— 1616 D.R.u. 

Bengel, Johann Albert, German theological critic and 

writer; 1687—1752 C.D.R.W. 

Benger, Miss Elizabeth OgQvy, English authoress and 

biographer; 1778-1827 d.e.U.W. 

Bengtson, Johann, archbishop of Upsal ; 1417 — 

1467 D-U- 

Benguafit (Abenqucflt), Arabic physician B. 

Ben-Hadad I., king of Svria ; B.C. 951 D.u. 

Ben-Hadad II. ; b.c. 930 d.u. 

Ben-Hadad III. ; b.c. 836 d.u. 

Benham, David, bishop of St Andrews ; 1233 ^ k. 
Benham, Hugo, bishop of Aberdeen, 1267 ; d. 1279 k. 



BEN 



131 



BEH 



Beni, Paolo, Italian litterateur, critic, and controver- 
sialist ; 1552 — 1625 c.B.w. 

Beni, Paolo Andrea, Italian jurist ; d. aft. 1570 D. 

Benlc, or Bening', Lavinia, Flemish female painter ; 
ICth cent. D. 

Benic, or Bening', Simon, Flemish painter ; 1530 D. 

Benidictus, Peter, Maronite scholar ; 1G63— 1742 C.P. 

Beniere, Thomas, English sculptor ; 1663—1693 R. 

Bsnigne, St, apostle of Burgundy and martyr ; 2nd 
cent. D.u. 

Benigno, Angelo Italian jurist, theologian, and poet ; 
1620 D.I. 

Benigno, Domenico, Italian poet ; 1630 D.r. 

Benigno, or Benignus, Italian ecclesiastic, abbot of 
Vallombrosa ; d. 1236 E. 

Benignus, or Binen, archbishop of Armagh, 445-65 ; 

(/. 468* C.E.W. 

Benignus, Giulio, Koman jurist and theol. ; d. 1628 D.i. 
Benimiramus, Isaac, Arabian physician and author ; 

12th cent. D. 

Benincara, Andrea, geographer ; 1476 D.u. 

Benincasa, Alessandro, Italian iJoet and jurist; 1649 — 

1694 D.I. 

Benincasa, Bartolomeo, Count, Italianauthor ; 1745* — 

1825* D. 

Benincasa, Giovanni, Neapolitan archt. ; 16th cent. d. 
Benincori, Angelo - Maria, Italian music composer ; 

1770 or 79— 1821 d.r. 

Eening', Frangois, French Jesuit preacher and writer ; 

1616 D. 

Beninga, Eggerik, Dutch chronicler ; d. 1562 D.u. 
Benington, Simon de, sheriff of London ; 1359 d. 
Benini, Giuseppe, Ital. landscapepainter ; 18th cent.D. 
Benini, Luigi, Italian historical painter ; 18th cent. D. 
Benini, Sigismondo, Cremonese landscape painter ; 

b. 1675* R.T. 

Benini, Vincenzo, Italian physician and litterateur ; 

1713-1764 D.i.R. 

Beiiintendis, Pietro da, Italian jurist and wi'iter; 

1550 D.I. 

Eenislawski, Constantino, Polish poet ; 1780 R. 

Benistan, Jolianu Godefroi, German linguist ; 1711 — 

1777 _ D. 

Benit, Anne Frangois, French physician and author ; 

1796-1823 D. 

Benitez, Juan Montero, Spanish divine, bishop of 

Gaeta ; d. 1680 E. 

Eenitzky, Alexander Petrovitch, Eussian author ; 

1780-1808* R. 

Benivieni, Antonio, Italian litterateur and professor 

of medicine ; d. 1502 R. u. 

Benivieni, Domenico, Italian theologian, professor at 

Pisa, and author; d. 1507 I.E. 

Benivieni, Geronimo, Ital. poet ; 1453—1542 i.r.w. 
Benjamin, son of Jacob, one of the twelve Hebrew 

patriarchs D.P.U. 

Benjamin, bishop of Jerusalem ; 2nd cent. 
Benjamin, Judah Peter, American secretary of state 

of the Confederate States ; h. 1812 e. 

Benjamin, St, Persian martyr ; 424 D.u. 

Benjamin of Tudela, Spanish rabbi, traveller, and 

author ; d. 1173 D.o.E.W.z. 

Benjamin, Ben Rabbi Jud* Romanus, German Jew- 
ish author ; 1504 E. 
Benjamin, Park, American poet and journalist; b. 

1809 _ a.e. 

Benjamin, Eabbi Ashkenazi, Germ. .Jewish writer E. 
Benjamin, Rabbi ben Mosis, Arabian writer o.R. 

Benjamin, Rabbi ben Rabbi Joseph Arignano, Jewish 

printer ; 1545 O.R. 

Benjamin, Rabbi de Ardono Germanus, Jewish 

w liter O.R. 

Benjamin, Rabbi Judseus, Greek Jewish author O.R. 
Benjamin, Rabbi Zeeb, Jewish writer ; 1534 O.R. 

Benjamin de Halia, Rabbi, Jewish writer o.R. 

Benjezla ( Yahia ben Isa ben Jesla), Arabian physician 

and author ; d. 1080 or 1 O.R. 



Bei^endorf Ernest Ludwig von, Saxon general; 



1711-1801 



D. 



Benkendorflf, Alexander, Russian military officer and 
diplomatist ; 1784—1844 ^ 

Benkendorff Carl-Friederich, German economist and 
author ; 1788 ^ ^ 

Benkendorff, Constantine, Russian general and diplo*- 

matist ; b. 1784 j, 

Bei^endorff, Martin, German jurist and author; 

1545 — 1621 J,' 

Benkert, or Benckert, Johann Peter, German sculp- 
tor ; 1709—1769 ^ 
Benkowitz, Carl Friederich, German miscellaneous 

wi-iter; 1764—1807 r. 

Bonn, Anthony, recorder of London, 1616 ; d. 1618 
Benn, James (Bencdicti, Bennet, Bene, and Biort), 

Scottish prelate, bishop of St Andrews ; d. 1332 e 
Benn, Will., Eng. Puritan minister ; IGOO— 1683 c.e.w. 
Bennati, Francesco, Italian physician and medical 

writer ; 1798—1834 d.r, 

Bennet, Abraham, English electrician and scientific 

inventor ; 1750—1799 
Bennet, Benjamin, English Presliyterian divine : 

1674-1726 c.R.w! 

Bennet, Christopher, English physician and author ; 

1617 — 16.55 C.D.E.w. 

Bennet, Henry, first earl of Arlington, minister of 

state; 1618—1688 c.e.w. 

Bennet, James, bp. of St Andrews, 1328 ; d. 1332 k. 
Bennet, James, English dissenting divine and author ; 

1774—1862 
Bennet, or Ferret, John, bp. of Cork, 1500*; d. 1536 c. 
Beimet, John, English music composer ; 1590 k.e. 
Bennet, Sir John, Enghsh civilian ; d. 1627 O.K. 

Bennet, Robert, English monk of Durliam ; 1541 q. 
Bennet, Rob., Eng. ejectedNonconformist; cZ.1687c.E. 
Bennet, Roelof Gabriel, Dutch mariner and writer ; 

1774*— 1829 D., 

Bennet, Thomas, English controversial prelate and 

author; 1673-1728 c.e.w. 

Bennet, Sir Thomas, lord mayor of London ; 1603 d. 
Bennett, Agnes Maria, English romance writer; d. 

1808 D.u.w. 

Bennett, Emerson, American novelist ; b. 1822 a. 
Bennett, Robert, bp. of Hereford, 1603; d. 1617 d.l. 
Bennett, William, bishop of Cork and Ross ; 1790-4 c. 
Bennett, William, Eng. landscape painter ; b. 1811 B. 
Bennett, William Cox, English poet ; b. 1820 M. 

Bennett, William James Early, English divine and 

writer ; b. 1805* _ M. 

Bennett, William Stemdale, English pianist and com- 
poser ; b. 1816 M. 
Bennigsen, Alexander Levin, Germ. poUt.; b. 1809 F. 
Bennigsen, Bentliu Levin Augustine Theophilus, 

Count de, Russian general ; 1745 — 1826 R.U. 

Benning, Jan Bodecher, Dutch ijoet, philosopher, and 

author ; 1606— 1642 c. D.P.U. 

Benning, or Benningius, Jean, French chronicler ; d. 

1638 D. 

Bennis, George Geary, English publisher ; b. 1793 F. 
Bennitski, Alexander-Petrovitch, Russian litterateur; 

1780-1808 U. 

Benno, Romish cardinal and writer ; 1085 d.r.W. 

Beno, or Benno, bishop of Meissen, writer; 1011 — 

1107 . !>•«• 

Benoist, Anglo-Norman founder and historian ; 12th 

cent. . ^• 

Benoist, canon of St Peters at Rome, and writer; 

12th cent. ^■ 

Benoist, French bishop of Marseilles ; 1229 D. 

Benoist, or Benoit, English theologian and biogi-apher ; 

d. 1193 , ._-_ »• 

Benoist, Frangois, Fr. music composer; 6. 17 Jo F. 
Benoist, Marie Guilhelmine Leroux-Delaville, French 

painter; 1767-1826 . . ^ ^f- 

Benoist, Pierre Vincent, French politician and writer 

on political economy ; 1758—1834 D.F. 



BEN 



132 



BEN 



Benoist, w Benoit, William Philip, French engraver; 
1725—1780 B.E. 

Benoist, Zacharie, French admiral ; 1284 D. 

Benoist d'Azy, Denis, Vicomte, Fr. polit. ; b. 1790* F. 
Benoiston de Chateauneuf, Louis Francois, French 
economist ; h. 1776 F. 

Benoit, English biographer, chancellor to Eichard I. ; 
d. 1200 u. 

Benoit, French troubadour E. 

Benoit, Autoine Vernier, Fr. author; 17G9— 1832 D.F. 
Benoit, Elie, French Protestant minister and author ; 
1C40— 1728 C.D.R.W. 

Benoit (Father), Maronite scholar and orientalist ; 
1663—1742 ^ D.u. 

Benoit, FranQoise Albine Pusindela Martiniere, Dame, 
French authoress ; b 1724 D. 

Benoit, Jean (Benedicts), French eccles. ; d. 1563 D. 
Benoit, Jean, French historian and Dominican eccle- 
siastic ; 1632—1705 D. 
Benoit, Jerome, French engraver ; 1721—1770 U. 
Benoit, Joseph, French representative ; b. 1812 F. 
Benoit, Blichel, French Jesuit and mathematician; 
1715—1791 D.u. 
Benoit, Philippe Martial Narcisse, French engineer 
and topographer ; b. 1791 F. 
Benoit, Rene, French theologian, curate of Paris, and 
ecclesiastical writer ; 1521 — 1608 D.U. 
Benoit, Xavier, French jurist ; b. 1797 F. 
Benoit. See Benedict and Benoist. 
Benoit-Champy, Adrien Theodore, French magistrate 
and politician ; b 1805 F. 
Benoli, Ignazio (II Borno), Italian ecclesiastic and 
painter ; d. 1724 D. 
Benomont, Pierre, French physician and philanthro- 
pist; 1679—1772 D. 
Benoni, Giuseppe, Italian architect : 1682 D. 
Benouville, Frangois Leon, French historical painter ; 
1821—1859 B.D.F. 
Benouville, Jean AcliUle, French landscape painter ; 
h. 1815 B.D.F. 
Benozzo Gozzoli, Italian painter ; 15th cent. D.N. 
Bense Dupuis, Pierre, French linguist and commen- 
tator; 1635' D. 
Bensen, Carl Daniel Heinrich, German professor of 
financial science ; 1761 — 1805 G.E. 
Benserade, Isaac de, French litterateur, poet, and 
academician ; 1612 — 1691 C.d.e.w. 
Ben Sev, Polish Jewish author and scholar; 1763 — 
1811 G.R. 
Bensi, Bernardo, Italian Jesuit and author ; 1688 — 
1760 D.u. 
Bensi, Giulio, Italian painter ; 1601 — 1668 T.U. 
Bensley, Tliomas, English printer ; d. 1833 d.e. 
Benso, Julius, Genoese artist ; 1601—1668 b.t. 
Benson, George, English dissenting minister and 
autlior; 1699—1763 c.R.u.w. 
Benson, Sir John, Irish civil engineer ; h. 1812 M. 
Benson, Martin, bp. of Gloucester, 1735 ; d. 1752 d. ?.W. 
Benson, William (Bustun), abbat of Westminster ; d. 
1549 l.q. 
Benson, William, English politician and autlior ; 
1682—1754 c.E.w. 
Benstede, Jehu de, lord keeper of the Great Seal ; 
1304 f.p. 
Bent, Jan van der, Dutch landscape painter ; 1650 — 
1690 B.N. 
Bent, J. H., chief justice of Guiana; 1780 — 1852 
Bentabolle, Pierre, Fr. representative ; d. 1798 F.U. 
Bent-Aichali, Arabian poetess ; d. 1009 d.u. 
Bentham, Edward, English theologian and writer ; 
1707—1776 c.E.w. 
Bentham, James, English divine and ecclesiastical 
antiquary ; 1708—1794 c.E.u.w. 
Bentham, Jeremy, English philosopher, political and 
jurisprudential writer; 1748 — 1832 D.E.w. 
Bentham, Sir Samuel, English naval engineer; 1757 — 
1831 



Bentham, Thomas, bishop of Coventry, 1560 ; b. 1513, 
d. 1579 c.D.^.R.w. 

Benthem, or Bentheim, Henry Ludolph, German 
Lutheran divine ; 1661 — 1723 G.E. 

Bentinck, George Frederick Cavendish, Lord, English 
statesman ; 1802 — 1848 d. 

Bentlnck, Henry, duke of Portland and marquis of 
Tichfield, governor of Jamaica ; d. 1726 D. 

Bentlnck, John, British naval officer ; d. 1776 
Bentlnck, William, first earl of Portland, English 
courtier and military officer ; 1649 — 1709 C.D.E. 
Bentlnck, William, duke of Portland, antiquary, and 
patron of the fine arts ; 1708 — 1762 D.gf. 

Bentlnck, WiUiam Charles Cavendish, Lord, governor- 
general of India; 1774— 1839 T>.rj. 
Bentlnck, William Henry Cavendish, duke of Port- 
land, Eng. statesm. and premier ; 1738 — 1809 D.jr. 
Bentlnck, William Henry Cavendish Bentinck Scott, 
duke of Portland, English lord i^resident of the 
Council; 1768—1854 
Bentlnck, John Cavendish, duke of Portland ; h. 1800 
Bentinus, Michel, scholar and autlior ; 16th cent. D. 
BentlvogUo, Annibale I., seigneur of Bologua, 1438 ; 

d. 1445 

Bentivoglio, Annibale II. ; 1511 D.U. 

Bentivoglio, Antonio, Bolognese party leader; d. 

1435 _ D.U. 

Bentivoglio, Camillo, marquis of Gualtieri, French 

courtier ; 1582 D.u. 

Bentivoglio, Cornelio, Italian cardinal, statesman, 

poet, and patron of arts ; 1668—1732 C.d.e.w. 

Bentivoglio, Ercole, Italian poet and satirist ; 1506— 

1575 c. 

Bentivoglio, Giovanni I., seigneur of Bologna, 1401 ; 

d. 1402 c.D.U. 

Bentivoglio, Giovanni II. (1462) ; 1439*— 1508 D.u. 

Bentivoglio, Guide, Italian cardinal and statesman ; 

1579—1044 C.D.E.W. 

Bentivoglio, Ippolito, Italian dram.atic poet ; d. 

1685 c.D.u.w. 

Bentivoglio, Luigi, Ital. orator and poet ; d. 1744 u. 

Bentivoglio, Mathilde, Italian poetess ; d. 1711 U. 

Bentivoglio, Santi, seigneur of Bologna, 1446; d. 

1462 D.U. 

Bentkowski, FelLx, Polish bibliographer and author ; 

1781—1852 D. 

Bentley, Charles. Eng. water-colour painter; d. 18-54 b. 

Bentley, Gideon, American soldier, who lived 107 

years; 1751—1858 c. 

Bentley, Sir John, English admiral ; d. 1772 E. 

Bentley, Joseph Clayton, English line engraver ; 

1809—1851 
Bentley, Richard, English critic ; 1662—1742 c.E.w. 
Bentley, Robert, Eng. botanist and author ; 6. 1820 
Bentley, Thomas, English poet and dramatic author ; 
d. 1782 E.w. 

Bentley, William, American divine and scholar; 
1758-1819 e.E. 

Benton, Thos. Hart, Amer. polit.; 1783—1858 a.c.F. 
Benton, WiUiam P., American brigadier-gen.; 1861 e. 
Bentzon, Adi-ien Benoni, Norwegian writ. ; b. 1777 D. 
Benvenuti, Carlo, Italian Jesuit, physician, mathe- 
matician, and philosopher ; 1716—1789 c.i.u.w. 
Benvenuti, Giovanni, Italian architect ; 1270 D. 

Benvenuti, Giuseppe, Italian jihysician and anatomi- 
cal writer ; 1728—1770 D.U. 
Benvenuti, Pietro, Italian painter ; 1769—1844 B.d. 
Benvenuto-Cellinl, Florentine artist, goldsmith, musi- 
cian, and author; 1500 — 1570 C.D.N.R.U. 
Benvenuto, Giovanni Battista, Italian painter ; 
1480*-152.5* D.T. 
Benvenuto di Paolo, Italian painter of ornaments; 
1470 D. 
Benvoglienti, Uberto, Italian hist.; 1668—1733 i.u. 
Benvras, David, Welsh poet ; 13tli cent. a.n. 
Ben-well, J. H., English painter ; 1764—1785 K. 
Ben-weU, Will, Eng. theol. and scholar; 1765-1796 



BEN 



133 



BER 



Benyon, Richard, English j)olitician ; b. 1811 

Benyowsky, Maurice Augustus, Hungarian adven- 
turer ; 1741—1786 c.D.R.u.^Y. 

Benzel, or Benzelius, Eric, Swedish theologian, arch- 
bishop of Upsal, and author ; 1(342—1709 C.G.E. 

Benzel, Eric, archbishop of Upsal, Swedish scholar 
and author; 1675—1745 c.g.p.k.w. 

Benzel, Gustavus, Swedish royal librarian ; 1687— 
1746 G.R. 

Benzel, Henry, archbishop of Upsal, litterateur, and 
traveller; 168!)— 1758 C.G.K. 

Benzel, Jacob, abp. of Upsal, author; 1683—1747 G.E. 

Benzel, Lars, Swedish mineralogist ; 1680 — 1755 G.K. 

Benzel-Sternau, Christian Ernst, Graf von, German 
statesman and litterateur ; 1767—1832 D.U. 

Benzel-Stemaii, Anselm-Franz von, German states- 
. man: 1738—1784 d.g.u. 

Benzenberg, Johann Friederich, German scholar, 
physician, and political writer ; 1777 — 1846 D. 

Benzi, Angelo, Italian architect ; 1387 D. 

Benzi, or Benzo, Giulio, Italian painter of the Bolog- 
nese school ; 1647—1681 D. 

Benzi, Massimiliano Soldani, Italian painter, sculptor, 
and medallist ; 1658 D, 

Benzi, Ugo, Italian physician ; d. 1438* K. 

Benzio, Trifone, Italian Latin poet ; d. 1571 Q.U. 

Benzon, Erederick William Charles, Danish historian ; 
h. 1791 D. 

Benzone, Giorgio, Italian prince ; 1403 i). 

Benzoni, Francesco, Italian jurist ; d. 1523 D. 

Benzoni, Gerouimo, Ital. hist, andtrav, ; 1519*C.D.U.W. 

Benzoni, Venturino, Italian prince ; 1308 D. 

Benzoni of Crema, Italian family ; 14th cent. u. 

Becer, or Beyer, August, German historian and critic ; 
1707—1741 

Beolco, or Biolco, Angelo, Italian comic jDoet ; 1502 — 
1542 c.D.p.u.w. 

Beonna, bishop of Hereford ; 823 d.l. 

Beorhtsy, bishop of Eochester (?) ; 947* d.l. 

Beom, brother of Sweyn, king of Denmark ; d. 1049 

Beom, or Bioim, Icelandic writer ; 17th cent. D.K. 

Beorna, king of East Anglia ; 749—761 U. 

Beornmod, bishop of Rochester ; 802 d.l. 

Beomred, king of Mercia, 737 ; d. 757* u. 

Beowulf, titular king of Mercia, 838 ; d. 852 D.B. 

Bequet, Etienne, French novelist ; 1800—1838 D.U. 

Bera, , historical painter ; 19 th cent. D. 

Bera, count of Barcelone, duke of Septimania ; 
817—820 V. 

Bera, le Chevalier, French jwlit. and jurist; 1814 d. 

Berain, Jean, designer to Louis XIV. ; 1630—1697 n.E. 

Berain, Nicolas, French judge and historian ; 1660 D. 

Berain, Pierre Martin, French historian ; 1710 i). 

Beraldi, Gei-onimo, Italian historian ; 1030 D.Q. 

Beraudutius, or Berarduccio, Italian ecclesiastic and 
jurist ; 1585 D. 

Beranger, Antoine, French historical painter; 5.1785D. 

Beranger, M. J. B. Antoine Emile, Freucli painter ; 
h. 1814 F. 

Beranger, Charles, French pauiter; h. 1816 F. 

Beranger, Jean Pierre de, Fi-ench poet and ballad 
composer; 1780 — 1857 d.f. 

Berard, , French Augustine ecclesiastic and 

author ; 15th cent. D. 

Berard, Auguste, French surgeon, medical and ana- 
tomical writer ; 1802—1846 D. 

Berard, Auguste Simon Louis, French statesman, 
director-general of mines, and author; b. 1783 D.F. 

Berard, Frederic, French physician, professor at 
Montpellier; 1789—1828 D.E.U. 

Berard, Jean, French representative ; b. 1818 F. 

Berard, Joseph Balthasar, French mathematician and 
scientific writer ; b. 1763 D.F.U.W, 

Berard, N., French military officer; 1790 D.U. 

Berard, Pierre, French apothecary ; 1780 D. 

Berard, Pierre Clement, French military officer, 
political writer, and satirist ; 1830 T>. 



Berard, Pierre Honore, French surgeon, physiologist, 
and author ; b. 1797 d.f. 

Berardelli, Giovanni Battista,ItaL poet; 16th cent. D.i. 

Berardi, Angelo, Italian ecclesiastic and music com 
poser; 1800* K.E.u. 

Berardi, Carlo-Sebastiano, Italian canonist and author; 
1719—1766 i.u. 

Berardi, Cristorfo, Italian commentator ; 1465 d.i. 

Berardi, Fabio, Italian engraver ; b. 1728 B.N.E. 

Berardi, Giov.anni, Italian Benedictine monk and 
author ; 1182 e. 

Berardi, Giovanni Battista, Italian poet ; IGOO d.i. 

Berardi, Marco TuUio, Ital. strategic writer; 1600 D. 

Berardi, Nicola, Ital. Dominican and author ; d. 1670 D. 

Berardi, Sano, Italian painter of the Florentine school ; 
1400 D. 

Berardi, Timoteo, Ital. eccles. and author ; c7. 1616 D. 

Berardier, Denis, French priest, scholar, and repre- 
sentative ; 1729—1794 d.u. 

Berardier, Pierre, French writer and apothecary; 
17th cent. b.U. 

Berardier deBataud,Fran(5ois-Joseph, French clergy- 
man and litterateur ; 1720 — 1794 c.D.u.w. 

Berardini, Berai-dino, Italian poet ; 1550 d.i. 

Berardini, Bernardini, or Beraldini, Italian ecclesi- 
astic and author ; 1515 — 1585 D. 

Berardo, Geronimo, Italian poet ; 1530 I.U. 

Berat, Frederic, Fr. music composer; 1810 — 1855 r. 

Beraton, Josef, Spanish painter ; 1747—1796 D.N. 

Beraud, Antoine Nicolas {Antony), French littera- 
teur and artist ; b. 1792 d.f. 

Beraud, Jean Jacques, French naturalist, physician, 
and writer ; 1753— 1794 D.E.u. 

Beraud, Laurent, French Jesuit, philosopher and 
astronomer ; 1703— 1777 c.E.u.w. 

Beraud, Paul EmiHen, French judge and historian ; 
1751—1836 D. 

Beraud I., dauphin of Auvergne, 1351 ; d. 1356 L.u. 

Beraud II., 1356 ; d. 1400 l.u. 

Beraud III., 1400 ; d. 1420 L.u. 

Beraudiere, Francois de la, French prelate and littera- 
teur; d. 1646 D.U. 

Beraudiere, Marc de la, Fr. military writer ; 1605 D. 

Berauld, Nicolas (Beraldus Aitrelius), French scholar 
and author ; 1473 or 5—15.50 c.D.E.P.V,r. 

Berauld, or Beraud, Armand Bernard, French theo- 
logian and writer ; 1710 D. 

Berauld, or Beraud, Pierre, French historian ; 1620* D. 

Berault, Claude, French orientalist ; d. 1705 E.u.w. 

Berault, Jean, French physician and writer ; 1616 D. 

Berault, Josias, French parliamentary advocate and 
critic ; 1563-1646 r>-E. 

Berault, Josias, English naval chaplain and author ; 
1693 W. 

Berault, Michel, French Protestant theologian and 
controversialist ; 1590 c.D.P.E. 

Berault - Bercastel, Antoine-Henri, French Jesuit, 
historian and poet ; 1722—1794 c.D.u. 

Berav, Jacob, Span, rabbi and author; 16th cent. D.O. 

Berbiguier, Benoit Tranquille, French music com- 
poser ; 1781 E.K. 

Berbiguier, Charles Alexis Vincent, French eccen- 
tric author; 1776*— 1851 I5-U. 

Berbisey, Jacques, French jurist and author ; 1598 — 
1678 i"-^; 

Berbrugger, Louis Adrien, French litterateur and 

philologist ; b. 1801 . f • 

Berch, Andre, Swedish agriculturalist and economist; 

1711—1774 . ^. ^ Q-U- 

Berch, Carl - Reinhold, Swedish numismatist and 

writer; (7.1777 , . . ^■^; 

Berchelman, Johann Philip, German physician and 

author; 1718-1783 ^ , ^ . t,^^'?'^* 

Berchem, Giacomo Ciachetto, or Jacket, of Mantua, 

German composer of madrigals ; 1500 _ F.E. 

Berchem, or Berghem, Nicholas, Dutch painter; 

1624-1683 B.C.D.N.U. 



BER 



134 



S£<S 



Bercliem, Wilhelm, German chronicler ; 1470 D.E. 
Bercheny, Ladislas-Ignace, French marshal ; 1712 u. 
Berclieny, Nicolas, Transylvanian conspirator; 1664 — 

1725 K.U. 

Bercliere, Carl le Gowz de la, French ecclesiastic and 

author; 1647*— 1719 D. 

Berchere, Denis le Gowz de la, French judge and 

author ; 1620*— 1681 D. 

Berchere, Jean Baptiste le Gowz de la, French judge ; 

1568*— 1631 D. 

Berchere, Narcisse, Fr. landscape painter ; &. 1822 F. 
Berchere, Pierre le Gowz de la, French judge and 

author; 1600—1653 D.V. 

Berchet, Toussaint, French philologer, controvertist, 

and author ; 1540—1605* D.u. 

Berchett, Pierre, French painter and engraver; 1659 — 

1720 C.D.R. 

Bercheure, or Berchoire, Pierre, French Benedictine 
scholar and author ; d. 1862 C.D.P.R.u. 

Berchheim, or Berckheim, Frederic Sigismond, Baron 
de, French military officer ; 1775—1819 D.F. 

Berchmann, Jean, French Jesuit and writer; 1625 D.Q. 
Berckmann, Berkmann, Barkmaan, or Bergmann, 
Johann, German Lutheran divine and chronicler ; 
1495*— 1560 G.R. 

Berckmans, Hendric Hen., Dutch painter; b. 1629 B.N. 
Berchoux, Joseph, Fr. litt. and poet; 1765—1839 d. u. w. 
Berchtold, Leopold, Count van, Austrian noble and 
philanthropist ; 1758—1809 K.u.W. 

Bercka, Arnold, German ecclesiastic ; 17th cent. D. 
Berckel, Theodor Victor van, Dutch engraver ; 1739 — 
1808 D. 

Berckelmann, Theodor, German Protestant ecclesi- 
astic and author ; 1576 — 1645 D. 
Berckenmeier, Paul Hudolph, German antiquary 
and author ; 18th cent. D. 
Berckringer, Dan., German philosopher and author ; 
d. 1667 c.D.p.R.w. 
Bercy, or Berry, French en.graver ; 18th cent. D. N. 
Bercy, or Bersil, Hugue de, French poet ; 13th cent. u. 
Berdi, or Birdi-Bek, Mogul khan of Kapchak; d.lSGOR. 
Berdinl, Vicenzo, Italian eccles. and author; 1630 B.i. 
Bere, John de la, bishop of St David's ; 1447-60 d.l. 
Bare, Louis, Swiss theol. and author ; d. 1554 d.r. 
Bere, Oswald, Germ. phys. aud writer ; 1472 — 1567 R. 
Bereau, Jacques, French jurist and poet ; 1555* D. 
Bereblocus, John, English historian ; 16th cent. D.Q. 
Bereford, Ralph de, English judge ; 1329 /. 
Bereford, Richard de, English judge ; 1310 /. 
Bereford, William de, English chief justice of the 
Conmion Pleas, 1309 ; d. 1326 /. 
Beregani, Nicola, Count, Italian litterateur and dra- 
matic poet ; 1627 — 1713 c.D.R.w. 
Beregzazi, Hungarian Prot. theol. and author; 1580 D. 
Bereke-Khan-Said-Nasser-Eddyn, sultan of Egypt; 
1277-79 u. 
Berelius, Georg, Swedish Prot. divine ; 1641 — 1676 D. 
Berendikoff, lakofiE Ivanovitch, Russian archeeologist; 
6. 1802 D.F. 
Berendrecht, or Beerendrecht, J. P. van, Dutch en- 
graver ; 17th cent. D.N. 
Berends, Carl August Wilhelm, German physician 
and medical writer ; 1753 — 1826 D.R. 
Berends, Johann Bernhard Jacob, German physi- 
cian and author ; 1760*— 1830 D. 
Berends, Julius, German politician ; b. 1S17 F. 
Berengaria of Navarre, consort of Pdchard I., king 
of England ; d. 1232 u. 
Berenger I., king of Italy, 888-916 ; d. 924 d.e.u. 
Berenger II., 950-62 ; d. 966 d.k.u. 
Berenger, duke of Gascogny, 1032 ; d. 1030 u. 
Berenger, duke of Toulouse 818, duke of Septimania 
832 ; d. 835 _ u. 
Berenger, archdeacon of Angers, heresiarch ; 990— 
1088 C.D.P.R. 
Berenger, Spanish writer, 1520 ; 16th cent. d. 
Bereflger, , French physician ; 17th cent. D. 



Berenger, daughter of Raymond IV. , count of Bar- 
celona, and consort of iUfonso VIIL, kiug of Cas- 
tile ; d. 1159 D.u. 

Berenger, consort of Alfonso IX., king of Leon 1201- 
1209, regent of Castile 1214 ; d. 1244 U. 

Berenger, Alphonse Marie Marcellin Thomas {De La 
Drome), French judge and writer ; b. 1785 li.F. 

Berenger, Jean, Comte, Fr. polit. ; 1767—1845* D.U. 

Berenger, Jean-Pierre, Swiss historian and littera- 
teur ; 1740—1807 c.D.F.w. 

Berenger, Laurent-Pierre, French litterateur and 
poet; 1749—1822 D.u. 

Berenger, Octave Camille, Fr. represen. ; h. 1815 F. 

Berenger, Pierre {the Scolastic), Fr. theol. ; 1150* R. 

Berenger, Raimond, grand-master of the order of St 
John of Jerusalem, 1765; d. 1773 D.u. 

Berenger, Raymond I., count of Barcelona, 1017 ; 
d. 1035 u. 

Berenger, Raymond II., 1076; d. 1093 u. 

Berenger, Raymond, count of Provence ; d. 1144 D.u. 

Berenger, Richard, gentleman of the horse to George 
III., and avithor ; 1720 — 1782 C.R.w. 

Berenger de la Tour, French poet ; d. 1559* c.d.u. 

Berenger de la Palasol, French troubadour; 12th 
cent. d.u. 

Berenger, Eerengario, or Eerengarius, Giacomo, 
Ital. anatomist, surg., and author; d. 1555 C.D.R.W. 

Berenger-Blanc, French admiral ; d. 1326* D. 

Berengosius, abbot of Treves and author; 12th 
cent. D. 

Berenguela, queen of Castile ; 1139 R. 

Berenguela, queen of Castile ; d. 1244 r. 

Berenguer, Pedro Juan Morales, Spanish divine and 
writer ; 16th cent. D.R. 

Berenguer, Ramon, Span. hist, painter ; d. 1675 D. 

Berenguiddus, French theologian ; 1446 s. 

Berenhorst, Georg Heinrich von, German traveller 
and writer; 173.3—1814 G.R. 

Berenice, daughter of Lagus, and niece of Antipater ; 
3d cent. B.C. D.x. 

Berenice, wife of Antiochus Theos, king of Syria ; 
B.C. 249 R.X. 

Berenice, or Cleopatra, daughter of Ptolemy Lathy- 
rus, queen of Egypt ; B.C. 81 D.X. 

Berenice, daughter of Ptolemy Artetes, and wife of 
Archelaus ; B.C. 68 D.x. 

Berenice, consort of Herod, king of Chalsis ; 48 r.x. 

Berenice, or Bernice, sister of Agrippa, and favourite 
of Titus ; b. B.C. 28*, d. aft. 68 D.R.x. 

Berenicius, Paul Peter, Dutch poet and adventurer ; 
1650 c.D.p.u. 

Berenius, Benoit, French iihilosopher ; 1580 D. 

Berens, Franz, Ger. jurist and author ; 1693—1744 D. 

Berens, Paul, German j iirist ; 17th cent. D. 

Berent, Johann, Germ, jurist and author ; d. 1712 d. 

Berent, Simon, German Jesuit and author ; 1585 — • 
1649 D.i. 

Beres, Emile, French publicist ; b. 1801 F. 

Beresford, Dennis William Pack, Eng. polit. ; b. 1818 

Beresford, George de la Peer, bishop of Clonfert and 
Kilmacduagh, 1801 ; Kilmore, 1802 f. 

Beresford, James, English divine ; d. 1820 q. 

Beresford, James, Eng. divine and author ; 1764—1840 

Beresford, Lord John George, bishop of Raphoe 1807, 
Clogher 1820; archbishop of Dublin 1820, Ar- 
magh 1822 C.7H. 

Beresford, Marcus Gervais, bishop of Kilmore, Eli^hin, 
and Ardagh, abp. of Armagh, 1862 ; 6. 1801 d.u. 

Beresford, William, Baron Decies, bishop of Dromore 
1780, Ossory 1780, archbishop of Tuam 1794 ; 
d. 1819 c. 

Beresford, William Carr, Viscount, English general ; 
1708—1854 D. 

Beresford-Hope, Alex. James, Eng. polit. ; 6. 1820 

Beresovsky, Maximus Soznovitch, Russian composer 
of sacred music ; b. 1745 D. K. 

Beretta, Francesco, Italian writer ; 6. 1678 D.l. 



BEB 



135 



BEB 



Beretta, Gaspard, Italian engineer and author; d. 
1703 D.I. 

Beretta, or Beretti, Giacomo, Ital. jurist ; 1580 d.i. 

Beretta, Giovanni Gasparo, Italian Benedictine and 
historian; 1(300—1736 D.I. 

Beretta, Ignazio, Italian author and political writer ; 
1800 D.s. 

Berettari, Giovanni, Italian theologian ; 16th cent. R. 

Berettari, or Bereatari, Sebastiano, Italian writer ; 
1543-1022 -D.i. 

Berettini, Fietro {Pietro da Cortona), Italian painter ; 
1696— 16G9 B.D.T.U. 

Berettoni, Nicolo, Italian painter ; 1637 — 1682 d.t. 

Beretzk, Georg, German physician ; 1668* — 1720 D. 

Berewyk, John de, English jvidge, 1307 ; d. 1312 /. 

Berg, Christoph Georg, Germ, writer ; 1574—1627 D. 

Berg, Clement,, Dutch writer; 1690 D.Q. 

Berg, Cornelius van der, Dutch designer and eu- 
gTaver ; 1699—1764 D.N. 

Berg, or Berglie, Henrique, Count of, Spanish gene- 
ral; 1624 D.u. 

Berg, Isaac van der, Dutch jurist ; 1780 D.U. 

Berg, Jens Christian, Norwegian jurist and author; 
b. 1775 ^ D. 

Berg, Joachim von, Silesian philanthropist and states- 
man ; 1526—1602 D.R. 

Berg, Johann Peter, Gorman theologian, philologer, 
and author ; 1737—1800 C.d.r. 

Berg, Joseph Frederick, of Antigua, controversial 
writer; b. 1812 a. 

Berg, Magnus, Norwegian painter on ivory and car- 
ver ; 1666—1739 D.R. 

Berg, Matheus van der, Flem. ptr. ; 1615—1647 B.u. 

Berg, Matthias, German philologer and author; 1536 — 
1595 D. 

Berg, Nicholas van der, Flemish engraver B. R. 

Berg. See Bergius. 

Berga, Antonia, Italian philosopher, physician, and 
author; 1560 D.I. 

Berga, Pedro, Spanish prelate ; 1570 R. 

Bergalli, Carlo, Italian theologian, physician, poet, 
and philosopher ; d. 1679 C.D.P.u.w. 

Bergalli, Louisa, Italian dramatic poetess ; 1703 — 
1760* c.D.u.w. 

BergamascM, Pietro Francesco, Italian historian ; 
1690 D.I. 

Bergamasco, Giovanni - Battista Castello, Italian 
painter; (/. 1570 D.N.R.T. 

Bergamasco, Guglielmo, Venetian architect ; 1525 D. 

Bergame, Mozzi, French hellenist ; 12th cent. D.U. 

Bergame, or Foresti, Giacomo Filippo, Italian chro- 
nicler ; 1434-1520 D.p.u. 

Bergaini, or Bergamio, Cesare, Italian physician and 
medical writer ; 1590 D.i. 

Bergaraini, Antonio, Italian poet ; 1666—1745 i.u. 

Bergamo, Andrew, Italian satiric poet ; 1546* D.R. 

Bergamo, Enrico de, Italian Carmelite friar; 1470 D.ii. 

Bergamo, Fra Damianoda, Italian Dominican skilled 
in inlaying woods; d. 1549 r.t. 

Bergamo, Gerard da, bp. of Savona, 1342 ; d. 1356 R. 

Bergamo, Guglielmo da, Maestro, Ital. pti-. ; 1296 D. 

Bergamori, Giacomo Antonio, Italian dramatic poet ; 
d. 1717 D.I. 

Bergano, Diego, Spanish grammarian and lexico- 
grapher ; 1540 D. 

Bergano, Giorgio Josse, Italian poet ; loth cent. d. 

Bergantini, Giovanni-Battista, Italian litterateur and 
philologer; 1685—1760 C.l.u. 

Bergantini, Giuseppe Hyacinth Maria, Italian eccle- 
siastic and author ; b. 1690 D. i. 

Berganza, Francisco, Spanish historian ; 1718 D. 

Bergasse, Alexandre, French writer ; 1747—1821 d.f. 

Bergasse, Nicolas, French representative, publicist, 
and philologer; 1750-1832 D.u. 

Bergasse-Laziroule, George, French officer of artil- 
lery ; 1790 D. u. 

Bergazzano, Giovanni-Battista, Ital. poet; 1628 D.i. 



Berge, Ernest Gotlib von, German writer and trans- 
lator ; b. 1649 J) jj^ 

Berge, Fran9ois Beaudire, Fr. general ; 1779—1832 'd. 

Bergeat, Nicolas, French ecclesiastic and poet; 1732— 
1815 p_j,,_ 

Bergedan, Guillermo, Span, troubadour; 13th cent. D. 

Bergede, Nicolas, French poet ; 1550 b. 

Bergellanus, Johann Arnoldus, German Latin poet '; 

_ 1^^^ ^ , . C.D.P.u.w. 

Bergen, Carl-August von, German anatomist, botanist, 
and scientific writer ; 1704—1760 C.D.U.W. 

Bergen, Daniel, Prussian engraver; h. 1744 " b.r! 

Bergen, Dirk, or Theodor van, Dutch landscape 
painter ; b. 1645* b.jj, 

Bergen, Johann Georg, German physician and medi- 
cal writer ; d. 1738 d. 

Bergen, Piudiger van, German poet ; 1603—1661 d.' 

Bergen, Sebastian van, German jurist and writer : 
1554—1623 d! 

Bergen, Van, Flemish painter; b. 1670* B.N.U. 

BergenMeltn, John, Baron de, Swedish statesman 
and Latin poet ; 1629 — 1704 u.G.U. 

Berger, Albert Ludvig, German jurist and author; 
1768-1813 D.R.U. 

Berger, Christian Johannes, Danish x'hysician and 
author ; 1724—1789 d.r. 

Berger, Christian Philip, German physician and 
author ; d. 1739 d. 

Berger, Christoph, German chemist and philosophical 
writer; 1790 d.r. 

Berger, Christoph Godefroy, German jurist and 
writer; 1680 D.Q. 

Berger, Christoph Joseph, German physician and 
author ; 6. 1743 d. 

Berger, Claude, French physician, chemist, and 
writer ; 1679—1712 d.p.u. 

Berger, Daniel, German engraver ; 1744 — 1824 D.K.w. 

Berger, Friederich Ludwiii^ van, German jurist and 
writer on law ; 1701 — 1735 d. 

Berger, Georg Christian, German jurist and author ; 
17 th cent. d.q. 

Berger, Jacques, French hist, painter ; d. 1823 d.n. 

Berger, Jean (de Saint Clement), Fr. litt. ; 1570 D. 

Berger, Jean August von, German jurist and law 
writer ; 1702—1770 D. 

Berger, Jean Jacques, French iiolitician and senator; 
b. 1790 P. 

Berger, Jean Nepomucene, German jurist ; h. 1816 F. 

Berger, Joachim Ernest, German Protestant eccle- 
siastic and author ; 1666 — 1734 D.U. 

Berger, Johann Erik, Danish philosopher and scien- 
tific writer ; 1772 — 1833 D.U. 

Berger, Johann -Godfried, German x'hysician and 
scientific writer ; 1659—1736 D.R.W. 

Berger, Johann Godefroy Emmanuel, German philo- 
sopher and scientific writer ; 1773 — 1803 D.Q.U. 

Berger, Johanu-Heinrich von, German jurist and 
author ; 1657—1732 c. D. p Q. w, 

Berger, Johann-Wilhelm, German professor of elocu- 
tion, philologer, and author; d. 1751 c.Q.U.W. 

Berger, Julien Frangois Adolphe, French humanist ; 
b. 1810 F. 

Berger, Ludwig, German musician and composer , 
1777—1845* D.K. 

Berger, Marc-Claude, French physician and medical 
writer ; d. 1703 . D.U. 

Berger, Paul, German Protestant ecclesiastic and 
hebraist ; 1700 . d.q. 

Berger, Pierre, Fr. ecclesiastic and writer; 16o0 d.q. 

Berger, Theodore, German historian and jurist; 

1683-1773 , ^-^-l-y^- 

Berger, Valentin, German scholar and author ; 10.^0— 

1675 D-Q- 

Berger de Xivrey, Jules, French author ; b. 1801 f. 

Bergerac, , French phys. and author; 1730* D. 

Bergerac, Savinien Cyrano de, French litterateur and 

dramatic author; 1620*-1655 c.D.P.R.U. 



BEE. 



136 



" HiKi 



Bergsret, Charles, French admiral and senator ; 1771 — 
1857 F. 

Bergeret, Gaisson, French writer ; 1620 D. 

Bergeret, Jean, French phys. and botanist ; d. 1814* D. 

Bergeret, Jean-Pierre, French physician, surgeon, 
botanist, and author ; 1751 — 1813 d.k.u. 

Bergeron, Louis, French journalist ; h. 1811 D.F. 

Bergeron, Nicolas, French jurist and hist. ; 1575 D.u. 

Bergeron, Pierre, French poet and miscellaneous 
writer ; b. 1787 D. 

Bergeron, Pien-e, French geographer and geographical 
historian ; d. 1637 D.U. 

Bergery, Claude Lucien, French mathematician and 
writer on geometry ; b. 1787 D. F. 

Bergeyck, Arnold van, Flemish gram. ; d. 1533* D. 

Berggreen, Andre Pierre, Danish music composer; 
b. 1801 F. 

Bergh, Peter van der, Dutch Latin poet ; 1.506 D.u. 

Berghaus, Heinrich Karl Wilhelm, German geogra- 
phical writer ; 6.1797 D.M. 

Berghe, Augustin van der, Flemish ptr. ; h. 1770 D.N. 

Berghe, Paul van den, Dutch jurist ; 1530—1.587 d.q. 

Berghe, Robert van den (Montanus), Dutch physician 
and medical writer ; 16th cent. d.u. 

Berghe, Thomas van den, Dutch physician and medi- 
cal writer; b. 1615* D.U. 

Berghem, Nicolaus van, Dutch pa-inter; 1624—1683 

B.C.D.N.U. 

Berghen, Gerard van, Flemish phys. ; d. 1583 D.U. 

Berghes, Antonius van, Flemish hist. ; 15th cent. D. 

Berghes, Josue van den, Portug. navigator ; 1445 D. 

Bergler, Antoine, French physician and medical 
writer; 1704—1748 D, 

Bergler, Antoine, Fr. politician and jurist ; 179G D.F. 

Bergier, Claude Francois, French advocate and au- 
thor ; 1721— 1784 D.R.U. 

Bergler, Nicolas, French historian and antiquary ; 
1567 — 1623 C.D.P.R.W. 

Bergier, Nicolas-Sylvestre, French tlieologian, anti- 
quary, and miscel. writer ; 1718—1790 c.d.r.w. 

Eerglus, or Berg, Benedict, Swedish financier, natu- 
ralist, and writer ; 1723 — 1784 D.R.w. 

Bergius, Johanu-Heinrich-Ludwig, German publicist ; 
1718—1781 c.Q.u.w. 

Bergius, Petrus Jonas, Swedish physician and bot- 
anist ; d. 1790 C.D.R.W. 

Bergius. >See Berg. 

Bergk, Theodore, German linguist and translator ; 
6. 1812 D.F. 

BergMint, Olaiis, Swedisli writer ; 18th cent. d.f. 

Bergler, Jose])h, German sculptor and liistorieal 
painter; 1718 — 1788 d.n. 

Bergler, Joseph, German painter ; 1753—1829 N.u. 

Bergler, Stefan, German hellenist and pliilologer; 
1680—1746 c.D.K.\y. 

Bergman, Joseph, German physician, naturalist, theo- 
logian, and author ; 1736— 1803 G.R. 

Bergmann, Andreas, German scholar and author ; 
17th cent. D.Q. 

Bergmann, F. G., French philologist ; 6. 1810" f. 

Bergmann, Gustavus, German hist. ; 1744—1814 d.r. 

Bergmann, Ignace, German painter and lithographer : 
6.1797 D.F.N. 

Bergmann, Michel, German poet ; 17th cent. D. 

Bergmann, Michael Adam von, German magistrate 
and historian ; 1733 — 1783 r. 

Bergmann, Torbern Olof, Swedish chemist, naturalist, 
and scientific writer ; 1735 — 1784 c.d.g.w. 

Bergmann, Thomas, German author ; d. 1598 d.q. 

Bergmuller, Johann-Georg, German painter and en- 
graver ; 1687 — 1762 b.n.r. 

Bergmuller, Johann Baptist, German painter and 
engraver; 1724—1785 d.n. 

Bergnola, or Bargnola, Giacomo, Italian sculptor; 
1590* D. 

Bergoeing, Francois, Fr. represent. : 1755—1815 F.u. 

Bergoml, Giuseppe, Italian writer; 1540 d.i. 



Bergon, Joseph Alexandre, Count, French counsellor; 
1741—1824 D.u. 

Eergondi, Andrea, Eoman sculptor ; 18th cent. D. 

Bergonzoni, Fra Giovanni Battista, Italian architect ; 
1628—1692 D. 

Bergonzoni, Lorenzo, Italian painter ; 1646—1700 R. 

Bergounioux, Edouard, French novelist ; 6. 1805 F. 

Bergstrasser, Johann Andreas Benignus, German 
scholar and writer ; 1732—1812 G.K. 

Berhtred, bishop of Lindsay ; 838 d.l. 

Berichau, German painter ; 17th cent. u. 

Berigard, or Beauregard, Claude Guillermet, Seig- 
neur de, Fr. philosopher and i^hysician; 1591''' — 
1664 C.d.W. 

Berigard, Pietro, Italian physician, poet, and hellen- 
ist ; d. 1645 l.u. 

Berigny, Charles, French engineer ; 1771—1842 D. 

Bering, Johann, German mathematician and Protes- 
tant ecclesiastic ; 1607 — 1658 D. 

Bering, Vitus, Danish royal historiographer and Latin 
poet; 1617—1675 C.d.p.r. 

Bering, Vitus, Danish navigator ; 1680—1741 D.R.U. 

Beringer, Be'atus, French inventor ; b. 1801 F. 

Beringer, Diephold, German peasant preacher against 
Popery ; 1524 G.R. 

Beringer, Erich, Germ, jurist and writ. ; 16th cent. G.Q. 

Beringer, Joachim, German Protestant divine and 
author; 1600 D.Q. 

Beringer, Johann-Bartholomeus-Adam, German phy- 
sician and mineralogist ; 1720 D.G.Q.VV. 

Beringer, Michael, German professor of Hebrew and 
author ; 1566—1625 G.R. 

Beringhen, Jacques - Louis, Marquis de, equery to 
Louis XVL ; 1651— 1723 D.u. 

Berington, Clia., Eng. Roman Catholic bishop; d. 1798 

Berington, Joseph, English Catholic curate and histo- 
rian ; 1760—1827 R.U.w. 

Beriot, Chas. August de, Belg. violinist ; b. 1802 D.K.M. 

Berka, Johann, German engraver ; 1758—1815* D.N. 

Berkel, Abraham van, Dutch philologist ; 1630 — 
1688 Q.R.u. 

Berkel, Janus, Dutch writer ; 1704 D.Q. 

Berkelaer, Jan, Dutch lexicogiapher ; 1550 D. 

Berkeley, Francis Henry Fit2-Hardinge, English poli- 
tician ; b. 1794 F.M. 

Berkeley, George, bishop of Cloyne, Irish metaphysi- 
cian ; 1684—1753 c.c.D.</.R.w. 

Berkeley, George, Eng. preacher; 1733—1795 c.jr.R.u. 

Berkeley, George, Earl of, English nobleman and 
author ; 1627— 1698 C.R. 

Berkeley, George, Baron, English loyal nobleman ; 
d. 1658 R. 

Berkeley, George, English colonial governor ; b. 1815 

Berkeley, Hon. G. Craniield, British naval com- 
mander; 1794 R. 

Berkeley, George Charles Fitz - Hardinge, English 
politician and author ; b. 1800 M. 

Berkeley, Gilbert, bishop of Bath, 1560 ; d. 1581 d.l. 

Berkeley, Henry, English politician, master in Chan- 
cery ; cl. 1587 q. 

Berkeley, James, bishop of Exeter, 1327 ; d. 1369 d.l. 

Berkeley, John, Lord Berkeley of Strattou, English 
admiral ; d. 1697 R. 

Berkeley, Maurice de, English judge ; 1189 /. 

Berkeley, Miles Joseph, English divine and agricul- 
tural writer ; b. 1803 M. 

Berkeley, Robert de, English judge, 1208; d 1220 /. 

Berkeley, Robei-t, English justice of the King's Bench 
(1632); 1584—1656 /.R. 

Berkeley, Thomas, Lord, high admiral of Eng. ; 1403 

Berkeley, Thomas, Baron de, owner of Berkeley 
Castle, when Edward II. was murdered therein R. 

Berkeley, Sir William, governor of Virginia and 
autlior ; d. 1677 rt.c.e.R.w. 

Berkelszoon, or Bsekelszoon, Willem, Dutch author ; 
d. 1397 D. 

Berken, or Berquen, Flemish lapidary ; 1450* d. 



BEB 



137 



JtrjB 



Berkenliout, John, English naturalist and litterateur ; 
1730—1791 c.D.fir.R.w. 

Berkeny, Ladislas Ignace de Bercseny, Comte de, mag- 
nate of Hungary, marshal of Fr. ; 1680—1778 D.V. 

Berkh, VassiliNikolaevitch, Eussian historical writer ; 
1781-1834 R. 

Berkheyden, Guerard, Dutch ptr. ; 1G49— 1693 B.u. 

Eerkheyden, Job, Dutch painter ; 1628—1698 B.U. 

Berkley, Jan Lefrancq van, Dutch poet and natu- 
ralist ; 1729—1812 F.R.U. 

Berkley, John, English chronicler and military officer ; 
17th cent. D.u. 

Berksted, Stephen, of Pageham, bishop of Chiches- 
ter, 1262; d. 1287 cU. 

Berkyug', Kichard de, abbot of "Westminster, 1222 ; 
d. 1246 

Berland, Pierre, French archbishop of Bordeaux ; 
1375-1457 D. 

Berlemont, Noel de, Flem. lexicographer ; 1510 D.u. 

Berlendi, Francesco, Italian ecclesiastic and author ; 
1678—1746 D. 

Berlendi, Giovanni Paolo, Italian philos. ; d. 1623 D. 

Berlendis, Angelo, Italian poet and Jesuit ; 1733 — 
1793 D.i. 

Berlendis, Francesco, Italian poet ; d. 1803 D.u. 

Berlepsch, Emilia von, Germ, authoi-ess ; b. 1757 D.R. 

Berlepsch, Friederich Ludwig von, German dema- 
gogue ; 1749—1818 R. 

Berler, Materne, French chronicler ; IGth cent. D.Q. 

Berliche, Burchard, German jurist and author ; 
1605—1670 D. 

Berlichlngen, Goetz de, or Godefroi [the Iron Hand), 
German warrior ; 1480 — 1562 d.r.u. 

Berlichingen, Joseph Friederich Anton, Hungarian 
military officer and writer ; 1759 — 1832 D. 

Berlicom, Andreas van, Dutch writer ; 1650 D.Q.W. 

Berlier, Theophile, Comte, Fr. jurist; 1761—1840 D.F. 

Berligh, A. Gottlob, German physician and author ; 
1680 D.Q. 

Berlikom, Baudoin, Dutch poet ; d. 1605 D. 

Berlin, Johann-Daniel, German music professor and 
composer ; 1710— 1775 d.k.k.u. 

Berlin, Peter, German Protestant eccles. ; 1610 d.q. 

Berling, Johannes Carl Ernest, great officer of the 
crown of Denmark ; b. 1812 D. P. 

Berlinghieri, Andrea Vacca, Italian surgeon and ana- 
tomical writer ; 1772 — 1826 D.U.W. 

Berlinghieri, Bonaveutura, Italian painter ; 1235 D.T. 

Berlinghieri, Camillo [il Ferraresino), Italian painter ; 
1605-1635" D. 

Berlinghierl, Francesco, Italian poet and geograplier ; 
1450* D.i.vv. 

Berlinghieri, Francesco Vacca, Italian professor of 
surgery and author ; 1732 — 1812 D.R.U. 

Berlioz, Hector, Fr. music composer; 1803—1869 n.M. 

Berlot, Jean Baptiste, French architectural painter ; 
6. 1775 D. 

Bermann, De, French jurist and author ; b. 1741 v. 

Bermann, Mademoiselle de, Fr. authoress ; 1760 D. 

Bermingliam, John, Lord Athirdee and Earl of Louth, 
lord justice of Ireland ; 1321 

Bermingham, Eemond M'WiUiam, archbishop of 
Tuam ; 1451 c. 

Bermingham, WiUiam de, archbishop of Tuam, 1289 ; 
d. 1312 C, 

Bermudez, or Alfaro, Joano, Portuguese poet ; 17th 
cent. D E. 

Bermudez, Francisco de Predraza, Spanish jurist and 
author; 1585 — 1655 d.e.r.u. 

Bermudez, Jerome, Span, tragic poet ; 1530 — 1589 r. 

Bermudez, Joao, Portuguese traveller, iiatriarch of 
Ethiopia, 1520-50; d. 1575 d.r.u. 

Bermudo I., or Veremund, king of the Goths, in 
Spain, 788-91; d. 791 D.u. 

Brmudo II., king of Leon and Asturias, 982-99 ; d. 
999 j)_0^ 

Bermudo III., 1027-37 ; d. 1037 d."u! 



Bermyngham, Walter de, lord justice of Ireland ; 1340 
Bern, Michel, Germ, scholar and author ; 18th cent. D. 
Berna, Andrea, Italian litterateur ; 1620 d.i. 

Bema {Bernard de Sienne), painter ; 14th cent. D.T. 
Berna (Bernard de Sienne), Italian painter: 17tli 
cent, p ^, 

Bernabe, Felice Antonio Maria, Italian designer' 

painter, and lapidary ; 6.1720 d.N. 

Bernabei, Ercole, Italian sacred music composer ; d. 

1690-' ^ p_K, 

Bernabei, Giuseppe Antonio, Italian sacred music 

composer ; 1643 or 59—1732 d.r. 

Bernabei, Pier Antonio, Italian painter ; 1550 d.t! 
Bemabel, Tommaso, Italian painter of the Florentine 

school ; 1540 p -j.^ 

BemaccM, Antonio, Italian vocalist ; 1700—1770 k.u! 
Bernadau, Pierre, French writer ; 1762—1830 D.f! 
Bernadoni, Francesco Giovanni, founder of the Fran- 
ciscan order of Mendicant Friars, 1207 ; d. 1226 
Bernadotte, Jean Baptiste Julius {Charles XIV.), 

French general, king of Sweden ; 1764—1844 D.u. 
Bernaerts, Johann, Flemish advocate and author: 

1568—1601 -• D.R. 

Bernal, Augustin, Spanish Jesuit and author ; 1587— 

1642 r>. 

Bernal, Beatrice, Spanish novelist ; 1550 d. 

Bernal, Fernando, Spanish historian ; 1510 d. 

Bernal, Ralph, English virtuoso ; d. 1854 
Bernaldez, Andres, Spanish historian ; d. 1513* D. 
Bernaldo, Anthonio de Quiros, Spanish Jesuit and 

writer ; d. 1668 e. 

Bernard I., duke of Saxony, 973 ; d. 1010 l. u. 

Bernard IT., 1010; d. 1062 l.u. 

Bernard III. d'Ascanie, 1180; d. 1212 l.u. 

Bernard I. , count of Armagnac ; 960 l. u. 

Bernard II. {Tmnapaler) l.u. 

Bernard III., 1096 ; d. 1110 l.u. 

Bernard IV. ; d. 1188 l.u. 

Bernard V. ; d. 1245 l.u. 

Bernard VI., 1285 ; d. 1317 l.u. 

Bernard VIL; 1391 l.u. 

Bernard I., count of Auvergne, 846 ; d. 858 l.u. 

Bernard II., 869 ; d. 886 l.u. 

Bernard I., count of Bigorre, 1035 ; d. 1003 l.u. 

Bernard II., 1088 ; d. 1113 l.u. 

Bernard I., count of Comminges j 1015 l.u. 

Bernard II., 1075 ; d. 1100 l.u. 

Bernard III., 1130 ; d. 11.50 l.u. 

Bernard IV.; 11.50—1181 l.u. 

Bernard V., 1181 ; d. 1226 l.u. 

Bernard VI., 1226 ; d. 1241 L.u. 

Bernard VII., 1241 ; d. 1312 l.u. 

Bernard VIII., 1295 ; d. 1335 l.u. 

Bernard, king of Italy, 812 ; d. 818 d.r.u. 

Bernard de Mention, St, founder of the hospices of 

the Great and Little St Bernard: 923—1008 c.D.U. 
Bernard, St, founder and first abbot of Clairvaux, 



monastic reformer ; 1091 — 1153 



b.c.d.p.r.U. 



Bernard Ptolomel, St, founder of the order of Olive- 

tians ; 1272—1348 D. 

Bernard, archbi.shop of Toledo ; 1090 _ D. 

Bernard, or Bern-Ha.rt, Eoman ecclesiastic, archbishop 

of Vienne ; 778—842 or 52 d.p.R. 

Bernard, bishop of St David's, 1115 ; d. 1147 d.l. 
Bernard, bishop of Ragusa, 1189 ; Carlisle, 1203 d.l. 
Bernard of Pavia, bishop of Pa via, jurist, and author ; 

d. 1213 D-U. 

Bernard, bishop of Aclionry ; 1489 ^ c. 

Bernard {Syglerius), abbot of Mount Cassin ; d. 1282 d. 
Bernard, abbot of Aberbrothock, lord chancellor of 

Scotland; 1301 ir-^A* 

Bernard, abbot of Font Chaud, and author; 15i0* r. 
Bernard-GuiUaume, dk. of Gascoigne, 984 ; d. 1010 u. 
Bernard, duke of Languedoc ; d. 839 L. 

Bernard, marquis of Septimania and Toulouse; 

d. 844 ^^^ D.U. 

Bernard, count of La Blarche ; d. 1047 u. 



BER 



138 



BEB 



Bernard, count of Toulouse and Rouergue, 864 ; d. 
875 u. 

Bernard {the Wise), Eng. Benedictine traveller; 970 D. 
Bernard, French theol. and author ; 12th cent. D. 
Bernard, Fr. chronicler, monk of Cluny ; 12th cent. D. 
Bernard, German chronicler and ecclesiastic ; 1650 D. 
Bernard, French biog., canon of Avignon ; 1712 d.k. 
Bernard, or Bemhard {le Teutonique), Italian organ- 
ist and inventor ; 1470 D.K. 
Bernard {the Trevisan), Italian alchemist and author ; 
1406—1490 D.u. 
Bernard, Adrien Antoine {Bernard de Saintes), French 
niemher of the Legislative Assembly ; 1750 — 1819 D. 
Bernard, Andrea, French Austin friar, and poet-lau- 
reate to Henry VII. and VIII ; 1522 C.K. 
Bernard, Aristide Martin, French politician and revo- 
lutionist ; b. 1808 jr. 
Bernard, Auguste Joseph, French hist.; &. 1811 D.r. 
Bernard, Bartholomew, German divine ; 1521 B. 
Bernard, Catherine, Fr. poetess; 1662—1712 c.D.P.R. 
Bernard, or Berniiard, Charles, Danish novelist ; 19th 

cent. D.N. 

Bernard, Claude, French historian ; 1580 D. 

Bernard, Claude {le pauvre Pretre), French theolo- 
gian and philanthropist ; 1588— 1G40 c.D.U.W. 
Bernard, Claude, French physician, physiologist, and 

anatomical writer ; h. 1813 D.F. 

Bernard, Claude Barthelmy, Fr. poet ; d. 1586* D. 
Bernard, C. B. , bishop of Tuam ; 18(j6 
Bernard, Daniel, English divine ; d. 1588 
Bernard, Edward, English astronomer, philologer, and 

author ; 1638— 1697 C.d.r.w. 

Bernard, Etienne {Moreau), treasurer and receiver- 
general of Louis II., king of Sicily ; d. 1417 D. 
Bernard, Etienne, French advocate and author ; 1553 — 

1609 D. 

Bernard, Florins, Italian physician and medical writ. ; 

1640 D.Q. 

Bernard, Sir Francis, governor of Massachusetts ; d. 

1799 A.«..c.K.w. 

Bernard, Guy, French eccles. judge ; 1410* — 1481 D. 
Bernard, Hon. Henry Boyle, English polit. ; h. 1812 
Bernard, Herman Hedwig, Hebrew scholar ; 1785 — 

1857 
Bernard, Jacques, Swiss Franciscan and leader of the 

Reformation in Geneva ; 1535 R. 

Bernard, Jacques, French Protestant minister and 

writer; 1658—1718 c.D.P.R. W. 

Bernard, Jean, French professor of law, archbishop of 

Tours, and chancellor of Anjou ; 1386 — 1466 D. 

Bernard, Jean, French histori.an ; 1570 D. 

Bernard, Jean, Dominican preacher ; 1553—1620 D. 
Bernard, Jean, French poet ; b. 1.576 D. 

Bernard, Jean, French physician and physiological 

writer; 1702—1781 D.u. 

Bernard, Jean Baptiste, Fr. author ; 1710—1772 D.u. 
Bernard, Jean Baptiste, French historian audlibrarian ; 

1747—1808 D. 

Bernard, Joan Friedrik, Dutch litterateur and book- 
seller ; d. 1752 C.B.U.W. 
Bernard, Johann Adam, Germ.an historian; 1688 — 

1717 D.G.U. 

Bernard, Johann Stefan, of Berlin, German physician 

and medical writer ; 1718—1793 D.R. 

Bernard, John, Eng. div. and Latin author ; 1550 q. 
Bernard, or Barnard, John, English scholar, advocate 

of the Romish Church, and writer ; b. 1662 R. 

Bernard, John, Eng. divine and author ; d. 1683 R. 
Bernard, Sir John, lord mayor of London ; 1737 d. 
Bernard, John, English actor and theatrical historian ; 

1756—1828 R. 

Bernard, Joseph, French author and publicist ; b. 

1792 D.F. 

Bernard, Justinien, Italian historian ; d. 1495 D. 

Bernard, Laure de Lagrave, Fr. authoress ; b. 1799 F. 
Bernard, Louis Rose Desire {Bernard de Bennes), 

French magistrate and writer ; b. 1788 D.F. 



Bernard, Louis Simon Joseph de {Bernard de Mont- 

brison), French miscel. writer ; 1768 — 1832* D. 

Bernard, Michel, French printer; b. 1807 F. 

Bernard, Nicholas, Eng. prelate and writ.; d. 1661 C.R. 

Bernard, or Bemhard, Nicolas, French physician, 
chemist, and author ; 1595 D. 

Bernard, Pierre, Fr. magistrate and author ; 1666 d. 

Bernard, Pien-e, French litterateur ; b. ISIO F. 

Bernard, Pierre, of Calais, Fr. hist.; 1640-1720 D.U. 

Bernard, Pierre- Joseph, of Grenoble {le Geatil Ber- 
nard), French burlesque poet; 1710 — 1775 c.D.U.W. 

Bernard, Pons Joseph, French philosopher, mathe- 
matician, and scientific writer ; 1748 — 1816 D. 

Bernard, Richard, English Puritan divine and author ; 
1566—1641 C.B.w. 

Bernard, Robert, master of Fotheringay College ; d. 
1521* q. 

Bernard, Salomon, of Lyons {Petit Bernard), French 
painter and engraver ; b. 1512 D.u. 

Bernard, Samuel, of Paris, French painter and en- 
graver ; 1615—1687 D.U. 

Bernard, Samuel, Fr. financier; 1624—1712 d.r.u. 

Bernard, Samuel, Fr. financier; 1651—1739 c.D.u. 

Bernard, Simon, French general ; 1779—1839 D.u. 

Bernard, Sylvestre, Flem. jihilos. and theol. ; 1120 D. 

Bernard, Thomas, English divine; d. 1582 l.q. 

Bernard, Tliomas, bishop of Killaloe and Kilfenora, 
1780 ; Limerick, 1794 _ r. 

Bernard, Sir Thomas, English philanthropist and pub- 
licist ; 1750—1818 H. 

Bernard, Uberti, Romish saint, bishop of Parma ; d. 
1133 R. 

Bernard, Will. Eayle, Amer. play writ.; b. 1808 a.M. 

Bernard. See Bernhard. 

Bernard d' Arras, French Capuchin author ; 1730 D. 

Bernard d'Auriac, French troubadour ; 13th cent. U. 

Bernard d'Auvergne, French ecclesiastic preacher and 
author ; 1270* D. 

Bernard da Bolog-na, Ital. eccles. and biog.; 1735 D.i. 

Bernard de la Barthe, French troubadour, archbishop 
of Auch ; 13th cent. D. U. 

Bernard del Carpio, Spanish hero ; 9th cent. d. 

Bernard de Chartres, French philosopher and theolo- 
gian ; 12th cent. D. 

Bernard de Compostelle, Spanish theologian and can- 
onist ; 13th cent. d. 

Bernard, or Bemhard de Cosme, Italian Dominican 
author ; 1560* d. 

Bernard, or Bemhard de Luxembourg, Flemish 
Dominican ecclesiastic and author ; d. 1535 D. 

Bernard de Florae, French poet ; 11th cent. d. 

Bernard de Morlais, Benedictine monk of Cluny and 
poet ; 1140* d.r. 

Bernard de Norique, German Benedictine and chroni- 
cler ; 14th cent. D. 

Bernard d'Osimo, Italian Capuchin author ; 1580 D. 

Bernard de Palerme, Italian biographer ; 1600* d. 

Bernard de Paris, Italian lexicographer ; 1G65 D. 

Bernard the Saxon, German Benedictine ecclesiastic ; 
11th cent. D. 

Bernard of Thuringen, Germ, visionary ; 10th cent. d. 

Bernard de Varennes, Dom, French hist.; d. 1630 d. 

Bernard de Ventadour, Fr. troubadour ; 1150 d.u. 

Bernard du Grail de la Vilette, Charles de, French 
novelist and romance writer ; 1805 — 1850 D. 

Bernard d'Hery, Pierre, Fr. litt. ; 1756—1833 d.u, 

Bemard-Saint-Affrique, Louis, Frencli representative, 
president of the council (1797) : 1745 — 1825 D.F. 

Bernard-Saint-Affrique, Louis, Baron, French mili- 
tary officer and politician ; b. 1771 D.F. 

Bernard-Atton, viscount of Carcassone ; 1083 u. 

Bernard-Dutreuil, Jules, French representative; b. 
1804 F. 

Bernardes, Diego {the prince of pastoral poets), Por- 
tuguese poet ; 1540—1596 D.U. 

Bernardes, Manoel, Portuguese writ. ; 1644 — 1710 D. 

Bernard!, Amedee ElzearFelicien,Fr. polit.; b. 1788 F. 



BES 



139 



BER 



Bemardi, Arnald, Fr. eccles. and writ. ; d. 1334 D. 
Bernard!, August Ferdinand, German linguist and 
author; 1769—1820 D.B. 

Bemardi, Bernardo, Italian author ; 1C80 D.I. 

Bemardi, Blaise, Ital. phys. and author; d. 1612 D.I. 
Bemardi, Carl Christian Sigismond, German scholar 
and author ; h. 1799 D. 

Bemardi, Francesco, Italian painter ; 1600* D.T. 

Bemardi, Francesco [U Blgolaro), Italian painter; 
1635 D.T. 

Bemardi, Francesco {Senesino), Italian singer ; 1680 — 
1750* K.K. 

Bemardi del Castel Bolognese, Giovanni, Italian en- 
graver on stone, lapidary, and medallist; 1495— 
1555 D.N.u. 

Bemardi, Giovanni Antonio, Italian Jesuit and author ; 
1670—1745 D.I. 

Bernardi, Gughelmo, Flemish antiquary and author ; 
10th cent. D. 

Bemardi, John, English military officer, adherent of 
James II.; d. 1736 C.R.W. 

Bemardi, Joseph Eleazar Dominique, French jurist ; 
1751—1824 D.u. 

Bemardi, or Bemardy, Philippe, French rhetorician 
and litterateur ; b. 1759 D. 

Bemardi, Stephen, Germ. mus. composer ; 1610 D.K. 
Bemardi, or Bemhardi, Itahan physician and author ; 
d. 1401 D. 

Bemardi. See Beruhardi. 

BemardtQ, St, of Sienna, theologian, vicar-general of 
the Franciscans ; 1380—1444 C.P.R.U. 

Bemardin, Theophilus, French Jesuit, author and 
philosopher; 1.569-1625 D.B. 

Bernardin de Butis, ItaUan ecclesiastic, preacher, and 
author; 1490 D. 

Bemardin de Caxpentras, Henri Andre [le Pdre), Car- 
melite prof, of theol. and philosophy ; 1649—1714 D. 
Bernardin de Hongrie, Italian Capuchin historian ; 
d. 1664 D. 

Bemardin, or Bernhardin de Paris, French Capuchin, 
ecclesiastic, and author ; 1658 _ D. 

Bernardin de Pecquigny, French Capuchin, theolo- 
gian, and author ; 1663 — 1714 D.U. 
Bemardin de Kome, Italian theologian and preacher ; 
1420*— 1494 . D. 
Bemardin de Sahagnn, Spanish Franciscan historian, 
grammarian, and lexicographer ; 16tli cent. D. 
Bernardini, Ital. sculpt, and bronze founder ; 1590 D. 
Bernardini, Francesco, Italian phys. ; 16th cent. D. 
Bernardini, Francesco, Itahan jurist and author ; 
1625 D.I. 
Bernardini, Girolamo, Italian poet ; 1600 _ _ d.i. 
Bernardino, Fr. Caspar de S., Spanisli missionary ; 
1593 R. 
Bernardino da Novi, Italian sculptor ; 16th cent. u. 
Bernardino, or Bernardo da Treviglio, Bernardo 
(Zenale), Italian painter and architect ; d. 1526 D.T. 
Bernardinus de Caravajal, Portuguese cardinal ; d. 
1523 K. 
Bemardis, Antonio da, Italian philosopher and author; 
1503—1563 D.I. 
Bernardo da Cruz, Frey, Portuguese historian ; 16tli 
cent. D-U. 
Bernardo da Venezia, Italian architect ; 1392 d. 
Bemardon, Guillaume, French ecclesiastic and author; 
d. 1628 D- 
Bemardoni, Pietro - Antonio, Italian poet ; 1672— 
1714 C.D.I, u.w. 
Bemardy, Godefroy, German humanist and author ; 
b. 1800 D. 
Bernaret, or Bernaert, Nicaise, Flemish painter ; 
1608-1678 D.N. 
Bemartius, Jan, Flemish writer ; 1567* — 1601 D. 
Bemasconi, Laura, Roman painter of flowers ; 6. 
1620* D.T. 
Bematowicz, Felix, Poli.sh novelist ; 1785*— 1836 d. k. 
Eematti, Alessandro, Milanese archt.; 17th cent. D. 



Bernatz, Martin, German architectural painter ; 6. 
1802 D.F.N. 

Bernaudo, Francesco da, Ital. dram, author; 1630 d.i. 
Bernauer, Agues, German beauty, consort of Albert, 
duke of Bavaria ; d. 1435 d.u. 

Bernay, Camille, French author ; 1813—1842 D. 

Bemazzano, JMilanese painter ; 1536 B.C.D.P.T. 

Bernd, Adam, German Prot. divine; 1676—1748 D.Q. 
Bernd, Christian Samuel Tlicodor, German heraldic 
writer ; b. 1775 d. 

Berneck, Carl Gustav von (Bernd von GusecJc), Ger- 
man writer ; 6. 1803 t>.f. 
Bernegger, Matthias, German miscellaneous writer ; 
1582—1640 c.D.w. 
Berner, Johann Benjamin, German Protestant theo- 
logian and author ; 1727 — 1772 d.Q. 
Berner, Theophilus Ephraim, German physician luid 
medical writer ; 1720 d. 
Berner, or Bemerus, French Benedictine monk and 
author ; 948 d. 
Berneri, Lubert, Dutch theologian ; 1660 D.u. 
Bemeron, le Chevalier Fr. de, Fr. general; 6. 1750 D. 
Bemers, Henry William Wilson, Lord, English scien- 
tific agriculturalist ; b. 1795 or 7 F.M. 
Berners, Sir James, executed for treason ; 1388 
Bemers, John Bouchier, Lord, Enghsh nobleman, 

translator of Froissart ; 1474—1532 

Berners, Juliana, favourite of Rich. II.; d. 1388* a.w. 

Berners, JuUana, English authoress and prioress of 

Sopewell ; 6. 1388*, d. I486* O.K. 

Bernesi of Turin, Italian sculptor ; 1700 d. 

Bernet, Jacques, French cardinal, archbishoi^ of Aix, 

Aries, and Embrun ; 1770—1846 D.u. 

Bernetti, Tommaso, Italian cardinal and statesman ; 

1779—1852 D. 

Berneval, Alexandre de, Fr. architect ; d. 1440 D.u. 

Berneville, Gilebert de, Fr. troubadour; 13th cent. D. 

Bernhard, bishop of Scania ; 1022 

Bernhard, count of Anhalt, duke 

warrior; 1140*— 1212 
Bernhard, duke of Saxe- Weimar, 

1604-1639 
Bernhard, German organist ; 1470 
Bernhard I., founder of the Meiniugen line of Gotha; 
1649—1706 Gf.ii. 

Bernhard, Karl (Saint Auhin), Danish novehst ; b. 
1800* D.F.M.N. 

Bernhard. See Bemard. 

Bemhardi, Johann Jacob, German physician, bot- 
anist, and scientific writer ; 1774— 185U D. 
Bemhardi, Johann Heinrich, German Protestant 
ecclesiastic and author ; 1685—1729 D. 
Bemhardi de Bernitz, Martin, Pohsh surgeon, bot- 
anist, and author ; 1650 D. 
Bernhardt, German bibliographer ; d. 1821 D.u. 
Bernhardy, Godefroy, German philologist; b. 1800 f. 
Bemhold, Johann Balthasar, German ecclesiastic, 
hellenist, and poet ; 1687—1769 D. 
Bemhold, Johann Georg Jacques, German physician 
and author ; 1762-1830 . D- 
Bemhold, Johann Godefroi, German dramatic writer; 

1721 1755* D* 

Bemhold, Johann Michael, German physician and 

medical author ; 1736—1797 , ^.k. 

Berni, Bema, or Bernia, Francesco, Italian poet ; ct. 

1536 c.i.P.u.w. 

Berni, Francesco, Italian orator, poet, and dramatic 

author ; 1610-1673 , ^^, D.I. U.w. 

Bemia, Carlo, Ital. painter of ornaments; Ibth cent. D. 

Bernier, Adhelm, French historian ; 19th cent. D. 

Bernier, Christophe, French surgeon and autnor; 

Bernier, Denis Francois, French poet ; 1745 D. 

Bernier, Etienne Alexandre, Fr. dmne; 1762-lbUbD. 
Bernier (le Pcre), Frangois, French hist. ; IbiU D. 
Beraier, Francois, French philosopher, traveller, and 
author : 1625-16SS ^ - - - w 



d.i. 
of Saxony, and 

G.K. 

German general ; 

G.K. 
K.R. 



CD.P.U.W. 



SXiA) 



140 



BER 



Bernier, Jean, wealthy provost of Valenciennes ; d. 

1341 D.u. 

Bender, Jean, French physician and medical writer ; 

1622—1698 c.D.p.K.w. 

Bernier, Nicolas, Fi-ench music composer; 1664— 

1734 c.D.K.u. 

Bernier, Pierre, French judge and writer ; 1G28 D. 
Bernier, Pierre Francois, French astronomer ; 1779 — 

1803 D.F. 

Bernieres, Jules Cesar de, Fr. lexicographer ; 1640 D. 
Bernieres-Lovig'ny, Jean de, French ecclesiastic and 

author; 1602—1659 D. 

Bernieres, N. de, French controller-general of roads 

and bridges ; 1751—1783 D.u. 

Bernieri, Antonio (da Corrcggio), Italian painter ; 

1516-1565 _ D.N.T. 

Berniero, Giuseppe, Italian dramatic writer ; 1637 — 

1682*- D. 

Bernigerotli, -Johann-Martin, German engraver and 

designer; 1713—1767 N.R. 

Bemigerotli, Martin, Germ, engraver; 1670— 1733 b. T. 
Bemiagliam, Richard de, Eng, judge, 1313; d. 1329/. 
Bernini, Domenico, Italian prelate and writer; 1700 i.u. 
Bernini, Giovanni-Lorenzo (Cavalicre Bernin), Italian 

painter, statuary, and architect ; 1598 — 1680 C.D.K. 
Bernini, Giuseppe Maria, Italian Capuchin missionary 

to India ; d. 1753 _ _ D.u. 

Bernini, Luigi, Italian architect and mechanician d. 
Bernini, Paolo, Koman sculptor ; 1672 D. 

Bernini, Pietro, Italian painter and sculptor ; 15C2 — 

1629 D. 

Bemis, Frangois Joachim de Pierre de, French car- 
dinal, statesman, and poet ; 1715—1794 d.e.U.W. 
Bemitz, Mai-tiu Bernard, Polish surgeon and medical 

wi-iter ; 1650 D.U. 

Bernius, Guernerio, Italian chronicler ; 1450 D. 

Bemo, Giuseppe, Italian pliysician and author; 178S — 

1818 D. 

Bemoldus, German monk and historian; d. 1100 d.k. 
Bemon, Fr. nobleman, first abbot of Cluny; d. 927 u. 
Bemon.Germ.Benedictiue monk and author; d. 1045 D. 

Bemonville, de, Fr. grammarian ; 17th cent. d.q. 

Bernouilli, Daniel, Swiss mathematician, physician, 

and botanist ; 1700—1782 C.D.p.K.w. 

Bernouilli, Jean, Swiss mathem. ; 1687 — 1748 d.r.W. 
Bernouilli, Swiss astronomer and scientific writer ; 

1744—1807 c.D.G.w. 

Bernouilli, Jerome, Swiss naturalist; 1745—1820 G.U. 
Bernouilli, Nicolas, Swiss professor of law, and mathe- 
matician ; 169.5— 1726 E.U.W. 
Bernouilli, Nicolas, Swiss mathematician and jurist ; 

1687—1759 D.u. 

Bernoillli, Cliristophe, Swiss economist, naturalist, 

physician, and axithor ; b. 1782 D.F. 

Bernoulli, or BemouUli, Jacques, Swiss mathemati- 
cian and author ; 1656 — 1705 c. d. p. 
Bernoulli, J;w;ques, Frencli professor of mathematics 

and pliilosophy ; 1759 — 1789 K. 

Bernoulli, Jean, French mathematician and jurist ; 

1710—1790 Q.B. 

Bernoulli, Jean Gustave, Swiss writer on mechanics; 

b. 1811 _ _ D. 

Bernstein, Georg Heinrich, German orientalist and 

author; b. 1787 D.F. 

Bernstein, Johann Gottlieb, German physician and 

medical writer ; 1747 — 1835 D. 

Bernstorf, Andreas-Peter, Count, Danish minister of 

state ; 1735— 1797 R.U. 

Bernstorf, Christian, Count of, Danish diplomatist ; 

1769—1835 D. 

Bernstorf, Johannes Ernst Hartwig, Count, Danish 

statesman ; 1712—1772 C.E.u.w. 

Bemstorff, Ai-tliur, Count von, Prussian diplomatist ; 

b. 1808 
Bernt, Jos., Germ. phys. and medical writer; 1820 D, 
Bemten, Heinrich, German ecclesiastic and author ; 

d. 1463 D. 



Bemucci, Agostino, Italian ecclesiastic and jurist ; 

16th cent. d. 

Bernulf, king of Mercia, 820 ; d. 823 E.u. 

Bernward, St, bishop of Hildesheim, German states- 
man, painter, sculpt., and archt.; 950 or 3 — 1023 D.R. 
Bemy, le Chevalier de, French designer and cali- 

grapher ; 1770 d.n. 

Bero, or Beroius, Agostino, Italian jurist ; d. 1554 D. 
Bero, or Berojus, Marcus Tullius, Italian author ; 

16th cent. d.i. 

Beroa, Giuseppe Andrea, Italian jurist and author ; 

d. 1630 D. 

Beroalda, Filippo (the Elder), Italian scholar and 

author ; 1453 — 1505 c.D.P.u. 

Beroalda, Filippo (the Younger), Italian Latin i^oet 

and critic ; 1472 — 1518 c.P.R.U. 

Beroald, Frangois, French littei-ateur, philosopher, 

and mathematician ; 1558—1612 D.R. 

Beroald, Matthieu, French theologian and historian ; 

d. 1576 c.D.p.R. 

Beroaldo, Vicento, Italian commentator ; d. 1557 D. 
Berodianus de Sardes, Greek philos.; 4th cent.* d. 
Beroldingen, Francois de, Swiss mineralogist and 

scientific writer ; 1740 — 1798 CD. G.U. 

Beroldingen, Joseph Ignaz, German general and 

politician ; b. 1780 F. 

Beronice, Nicolas, French philologist ; 1742—1820 D.U. 
Berosus, Chaldean astron. audhist.; B.C. 276c.p.r.U.X. 
Berquen, Louis de, of Bi-uges, inventor of the method 

of cutting diamonds ; b. 1476 D.R.u. 

Berquen, Robert, French author ; 16G8 D. 

Berquin, Aruaud (I' Ami des Enfants), French littera- 
teur; 1749—1791 C.D.R.W. 
Berquin, Lewis, French Protestant martyr ; 1489*— 

1529 C.D.p.K.w. 

Berr, Frederic, French music composer ; 1794—1791 
Berr, Isaac de Turique, Freucli Jewish pliilanthro- 

pist ; 1743—1828 d. 

Berr, Micliael, the first Jewish advocate in France 

and author ; b. 1780 D. 

Berrain, Jean, French engraver; 1636— 1714 U. 

Berre, Jean Baptiste, Flem. painter ; 1777*— 1838 D.N. 
Berredo, Bernardo Pereira de, Portuguese writer ; d. 

1748 D.y. 

Berret, Jacques, Fr. archt. and wi-iter ; 1590 d.q. 
Berretari, Elpidio, Italian physician and philosopher; 

1552—1583 D. 

Berretari, Francesco, Ital. poet and eccles ; 1680 d.i. 
Berretini, Giuseppe, Italian painter of the Roman 

school ; 17th cent. D. 

Berretini, Nicola, Italian historical painter ; 1637 — 

1682 B.D.R.T. 

Berretini, Pietro (Pietro da Cortona), Italian painter 

and architect ; 1596—1669 b.C.t. 

Berretna, Ottavio, Italian agriculturalist ; 1640 d.i. 
Berri. See Berry. 
Berriat-Saint-Prix, Charles, French litterateur and 

jurist ; b. 1802 F. 

Berriat, Jacques (Berriat Saint'Prix), French jurist, 

scholar, and author ; 1769 — 1845 D. 

Berriays, Rene le, French agric. ; 1722—1807 u. 

Berridge, John, English divine ; d. 1793 w. 

Berrien, John IMacpherson, American lawyer and 

statesman ; 1781 — 1856 e. 

Berrier, Jean Francois Constant, French author ; 

1766—1824 D. 

Berriman, John, English divine and author ; 1689— 

1768 E.W. 

Berriman, William, English ecclesiastic and writer ; 

1688—1750 C.R.w. 

Berringer, Godefroy, German jurist ; 1680 d.q. 

Berroyer, Claudius, French advocate in the Parlia- 
ment of Paris ; 1655—1735 D.u. 
Berruer, Pierre Francois, French sculptor; 1655— 

1733 D. 

Berruguete, Alonzo, Spanish sculptor and architect ; 

d. 1.545 c.D.R.u. 



BEB 



141 



BER 



Berruguete, Pedro, Spanish painter ; d. 1500 D. 

Berruyer, French sculptor and xjrofessor ; 1797 U. 

Berruyer, Alexandre Augusta de, French litterateur; 

h. 1804 F. 

Berruyer, Jean-Frangois, French general; 1737 — 

1804 ■ D.u, 

Berruyer, Joseph-Isaac, French Jesuit historian ; 

1681—1758 _ c.D.u.w. 

Berry, Caroline Ferdinande Louise de Bourbon, Du- 

chesse de, daughter of Ferdinand I., king of the 

two Sicilies ; b. 1798 n.F. 

Beiry, Charles, Due de, son of Charles VII. of 

France; 1446—1472 D. 

Berry, Charles, Due de, grandson of Louis XIV. ; 

1686—1714 R.u. 

Berry, Charles-Ferdinand, Due de, son of Charles X. , 

king of France ; 1778—1820 E.u. 

Berry, Sir Edward, Eug. naval officer ; 1708—1831 k. 

Berry, Hiram Gregory, American brigadier-general ; 

6. 1824 €. 

Berry, Jean, of France, Due de, governor of Lan- 

guedoc ; 1340—1416 K.u. 

Berry, Sir John, English admiral ; 1635— 1G91 c.d.r. 

Berry, Marie Louise Elisabeth d'Orleans, Duchesse 

de, granddaughter of Louis XIV. of France ; 1695 — 

1719 D- 

Berry, Mary, English authoress ; 1762 — 1852 D. 

Berry, William, Scottish seal and intaglio engraver ; 

1730—1783 c.u. 

Berry. See BcrrL 

Berryat, Francois, French phj-sician and medical 
writer; d. 1754 D.U. 

Eerryer, Hippolyte Nicolas, Fr. gen. ; 1795 — 1857 d.f. 
Berryer, Ludovic, Fr. military officer ; 19th cent. D. 
Berryer, Nicolas-Rene, French magistrate and states- 
man ; 1703—1762 D.u. 
Berryer, Pierre Antoine, son of Pierre Nicolas 
Berryer, French advocate and political orator ; 
1790—1808 D.F.N.U. 
Berryer, Pierre Nicolas, French jurist and author; 
1757—1841 D. 
Bersanus, Bartolomeo, Italian jurist and author ; 
(7. 1707 D.I. 
Eersenew, Iwan, Eussian engraver; 1762 — 1790 d.n. 
Berseo, Gonsalvo de, Spanish Benedictine and poeti- 
cal writer ; 13th cent. R. 
Berserker, Scandinavian hero ; 8th cent.* D. 
Bersmann, Gregory or Georg, German Latin jioet and 
philologist; 1.536—1611 C.G.U.W. 
Bersot, Ernest, French litterateur ; h. 1816 /. 
Bersotti, Carlo Girolamo, Italian i^ainter of the 
Milanese school ; h. 1645 D.T. 
Berstede, Walter de, English judge ; 1262 F. 
Berswordt, Johann, German chronicler and heraldic 
writer ; d. 1640 u. 
Bert, Cornelius, Danish grammarian ; 1640 D. 
Bert, Isaac, Dutch tragedian; 1690 D.Q. 
Beit, Pierre Claude Francois, French wiiter; 17C0 — 
1824 D.U. 
Berta, I'Abbe Francesco, Italian litterateur, anti- 
quary, and bibliographer; 1709—1787 D.U. 
BertaccM, or Bertaccius, Domenico, Italian physi- 
cian ; d. 1596 D. 
Bertaglia, Romualdo, Italian hydrograjAer ; 1730 D.i. 
Bertaire, or Eerthaire, Sainte, abbot of Mont Cassin ; 
d. 884 D.U. 
Eertaldi, Giovanni Luigi, Italian physician D. 
Bertall, Charles Albert d'Arnoux, French designer; 
h. 1820 F. 
Bertana, Bsrtaai, or Bertano, Giulio, Italian poet ; 
10th cent. E. 
Bertana, Lucia, Italian poetess ; d. 1567 i.R. 
Bertani, Domenico, Italian painter; 17th cent. d. 
Bertano, Giovanni-Battista, Italian painter and archi- 
tect ; 1568 I.T. 
Bertano, Giovanni-Battista {the Younger), Italian 
poet; 1640 i.Q. 



Eertapaglia, Leonardo, Italian physician and medical 
writer ; 1500 d.i, 

Bertarelli, Paolo, Ital. eccles. and chronicler; 1640 d.i! 

Bertaud, Marie Rosalie {Duplcssis Bertaud), French 
female engraver ; h. 1738 or 60 D.N, 

Bertaut, Eloi, French author ; 1782-1834 D, 

Bertaut, Francois, sieur de Freanville, French lit- 
terateur; 1621—1701* D.U. 

Bertaut, Berthaut, ov Bertaidt, French violoncellist • 
d. 1756 D.K. 

Bertaut, I'Abbe Jean, bishop of Seez, poet, favourite 
of Henry III. ; 1552-1011 c.d.p.u.W. 

Bertaut, Leonard, French historian ; d. 1662 D.U. 

Bertaus, Dujilessis, French designer and engraver : 
<^. 1815 ° D.U. 

Eertazzini, Luigi Ferdinando, Ital. areht.; 1775 D. 

Bertazzoli, Italian architect ; 1620* d.i. 

Berteche, Louis Franpois, French naval and military 
officer; 1754—1830* d. 

Bertel, or Berlets, Jean, French author ; d. 1607 w. 

Bertelius, Jean, Flemish Benedictine author; 16th 
cent. K. 

Bertelle, Georg August, Germ, phys.; 1767—1818 D. 

Bertelli, Cristofano, Italian engraver ; 1525 b.r. 

BerteUi, Fei-rando, Venetian engraver; h. 1525* b.r. 

Bertelli, Francesco, Italian writer ; 1600 D.I. 

Bertelli, Luca, Italian engraver and picture dealer ; 
16th cent. d.n. 

Bertels, Jean, French Benedictine historian ; 1559 — 
1607 D.U. 

Bertereau, Martine de, wife of Baron de Beausoliel, 
mineralogist ; 1600 D.U. 

Eertezen, Salvador, Italian singer ; 1780 d.k. 

Bertgils, or Boniface, bishop of Dunwich, 652; d. 
669 d.i. 

Berth, Christian Ernst, German author ; d. 1740 D. 

Bertha, wife of Ethelbert, king of Kent ; 570* R. 

Bertha, wife of Hugh, king of Italy ; 938 

Bertha, wife of Henry IV., emperor of Germany ; d. 
1088 

Berthaire, or Berchaire, priest of Verdun, and com- 
mentator ; 10th cent. D. 

Berthaud, B8rthia.ud, or Eelthol, Fr. writer ; 1550 d. 

Berthauld, Francois, French jurist and author ; 
1690—1724 D. 

Berthauld, Louis-Martin, French architect ; 1771 — 
1823 D.U. 

Berthauld, Pierre, French Oratorian monk and his- 
torian ; 1600— 1681 C.P.K.U.W. 

Berthault, Reno, sieur de la Grise, French littera- 
teur ; d. 1534 _ D. 

Eerthe (au grand pied), queen of France, 751 ; </. 
783 ri-u. 

Eerthe, daughter of Conrad the Pacific, king of Bur- 
gundy ; 995 D- 

Eerthe of Holland, wife of Philippe L; d. 1094 D. 

Eerthe, Princess, of Lorraine, consort of Therbaldll., 
and Adalbert II.; d. 925 D.U. 

Eertheau, Charles, French Protestant divine; 1660— 
1732 C.E.W. 

Berthelemy, Jean Simon, French historical painter ; 
1743—1811 F.E.u. 

Berthelemy. See Earthelemy. 

Berthelier, Philobert, Swiss judge ; 1470—1519 d. 

Berthelln, Max, Fr. architect and designer ; 1811 F. 

Berthelin, Pierre-Charles, French lexicographer and 
litterateur ; 1720—1780 ^■^^ 

Berthelot, French satiric poet ; 17th cent. _ U- 

Berthelot, Claude Fran9ois, French engineer and 
mechanician ; 1718-18D0 . .f-U- 

Berthelot, Gregoire, French Benedictine writer; 

1680-1745 , , iPiK^'Ji' 

Berthelot, Guillaume, French sculptor ; d. iOiO d.n. 
Berthelot, Jean Franpois, French advocate and law 

writer ; 1749-1814 ^ _^, , ^'l' 

Berthelot du Ferrier, French judge ; Ibth cent. D. 
Berthelot, Pierre MarcelUn, French chemist ; I). XbZi F. 



BEB 



142 



£EB 



Bertlienieii, Dominique, French writer on mineral 
waters; 1580— lGo3 D. 

Bertlierand, Alphonse Fran9ois, French military phy- 
sician ; b. 1815 F. 
Bertherand, M. E. L., French military surgeon F. 
Berthereau, George FraD9ois, French 13enedictiiie and 
orientalist ; 1732 — 1794 D.U. 
Berthet, Elie Bertrand, French novelist ; b. 1815 D.F. 
Berthet, Jean, French Jesuit, theologian, and histo- 
rian; 1622—1692 c.D.p.u.w. 
Berthet, Pierre, French musician and singer; 17th 
cent. D.K. 
Berthezene, Pierre, Baron, Fr. general ; L. 1775 D. 
BertMer, Alexandre, prince of Wagram and of aSTeuf- 
chatel, duke of Valengin, marshal of France ; 
1753-1815 D.F. 
Earthier, Cesar, Count, French general ; d. 1819 u. 
BertMer {the Father), Guillaume-Fran9ois, French 
Jesuit historian ; 1704—1782 C.d.e.U. 
BertMer, Jean-Baptiste, French engineer, geographer, 
and architect ; 1721 — 1804 D.U. 
Berthier, Jean Ferdinand, French instructor of the 
deaf and dumb ; b. 1805 F. 
BertMer, Joseph Etienne, French Oratorian monk 
and philosophical writer ; 1702 — 1783 D. 
BertMer, Naijoleon Louis Joseph Alexandre, prince 
de Wagram, French senator ; b. 1810 D. 
BertMer, Pierre, French mineralogist ; 1782—1861 F. 
BertMer, Victor-Leopold, French general, engineer, 
and geograplier ; 1770 — 1807 U. 
BerthUde, or BsrtiUe, St, abbess of Chelles; 628*— 
702 T>. 
BertMoli, Antonio, Italian physician ; 1580 D. 
Berthod, Anselme, French Benedictine, grand prior 
of Luxeuil, philosopher and writer ; 1733 — 1788 D. 
Berthois, Auguste, Baron de, Fr. general ; 6. 1787 F. 
Berthold, founder of the Carmelite order ; 115G 
Berthold, ajjostle of Christianity in Livonia ; d. 
1198 D.G. 
Berthold, German preacher and author ; d. 1272 D.U. 
Berthold, marquis of Homburg ; 1254 
Berthold, Andreas, German physician and medical 
writer ; 1580 D. 
Berthold, Arnoldf Adolph, German physician, medical 
and physiological writer ; 6.1803 D.F. 
Berthold, Christian, German chronicler and eccle- 
siastic ; 1570 D.Q. 
Berthold de Maisberch, German ecclesiastic and 
commentator ; 15th cent. D. 
Bertholdo, Spiridio, ItaHan organist and contrapun- 
tist ; 1560 • D.K. 
Bertholdt, Leonhard, German theologian and author ; 
1774-1822 G.K. 
Bertholdus. See Bemoldus. 

Bertholet, Francois, Fr, Jesuit historian ; d. 1755 D.U. 
Bertholet-Flemael, Flemish painter and architect ; 
1614—1675 D.U. 

Berthollet, Claude-Louis, French chemist, senator-, 
academician, and pliilos. writer; 1748 — 1822 d.k.U. 
Bextholon, Cesar, French representative ; b. 1796 F. 
Bertholon, Pierre, French physician and philoso- 
phical writer ; 1742—1800 D.U. 
Bertholon de St Lazare, French professor of physics ; 
d. 1799 C.B.W. 
Berthon, Gabriel, seigneur de Fromenthal, French 
judge ; 1740 D. 
Berthon, M. Auguste, Fr. historical painter ; h. 1809 F. 
Esrthon, Kene Theodore, French historical painter ; 
b. 1778 _ D. 
Berthon, Mademoiselle Sidonie, French miniature 
painter ; 6. 1818 F. 
Berthome, Hyacinthe la, French Dominican preacher ; 
1708—1774 U. 
Berthot, or Berthand, Claude, French ecclesiastic 
and writer ; 1540 D.P. 
Berthot, Clement Louis Charles, French writer; 
1758-1832 D.F. 



Berthot, Jean Baptiste Eugene, French engineer ; b. 
1800 F. 

Berthoud, Ferdinand, Swiss watch manufacturer, 
mechan., and philos. writ.; 1727—1807 C.d.f.u.w. 

Berthoud, Louis, Swiss chronometer manufacturer 
and mechanician ; 1813 D.U. 

Berthoud, Samuel Henri, French novelist and romance 
writer; b. 1804 D.F. 

Berthun, king of Sussex ; 686 u. 

Berthun, bishop of Lichfield ; 768 d.l. 

Berti, Alessandro-Pompeo, Italian theologian, biblio- 
grapher, and litterateur ; 1686—1752 c.D.i.u.w. 

Berti, Filijipo, Italian painter ; 1775 D. 

Berti, Giovanni-Battista, Italian painter D. 

Berti, Giovanni-Lorenzo, Italian Augustine friar, 
theologian, and historian ; 1696 — 1766 i.E.w. 

Berti, or Eaxzi, Paulin, Italian ecclesiastic ; 1612 D. 

Berti, Pietro, Venetian Jesuit aiid author ; 1741 — 
1818 D.E.U. 

Berti, Tibero, Ital. ecclesiastic and atithor ; 1602 D.I. 

Bertie, Montague, earl of Lindsey, English military 
officer ; d. 1666 K.w. 

Bertie, Peregrine, Baron "Willoughby of Eresby, Eng- 
lish officer ; 1555-1601 R.w. 

Bertie, Eichard, English Protestant exile and author; 
1517—1582 q.n. 

Bertie, Robert, earl of Lindsey, English admiral ; 
1582—1642 c.K.w. 

Bertie, Sir Thomas, Eng. admiral ; 1758—1825 R. 

Bertie, Vere, English justice of the Common Pleas, 
1678 ; d. 1680 /. 

Bertie, AVilloughby, earl of Abingdon, English politi- 
cian and author ; 1740—1799 c.W. 

Bertier, .Joseph-Etienne, French Oratorian and natu- 
ral philosopher ; 1710—1783 c.£f.E.u.w. 

Bertier, Philippe de, seigneur de Montrabe, French 
magistrate and author ; d. 1618 D. 

Bertin, St, founder of the monastery of St Bertin; 
637—709 ^ D.U. 

Bertin, A. de la Doue, French musician and com- 
poser; 1G80*— 1745 D.K. 

Bertin, Antoine, Fr. curate and litt.; 1761 — 1823 D.U. 

Bertin, Antoine (le Chevalier), French burlesque poet ; 
1752—1790 c.D.u.w. 

Bertin, Edouard Francois, French landscape painter ; 
b. 1797 _ _ D.F. 

Bertin, Exupere- Joseph, French physician, anatomist, 
and author; 1712—1781 C.d.e.u.w, 

Bertin, George, Fr. phys. and med. writer; 1580 D. 

Bertin, Henri-Leonard-Jean-Baptiste, French con- 
troller-general of finance ; 1719 — 1792 D.U. 

Bertin, Jean, Fr. agriculturalist; 1750*— 1803 D.F.u. 

Bertin, Jean Honore, French violinist ; 1810 d.k. 

Bertin, Jean Victor, French historical landscape 
painter; 1775—1842 b.d.u. 

Bertin, Mademoiselle Louise Angelique, French musi- 
cian ; 6. 1805 D.F.K. 

Bertin, Louis Fran9ois, French autlior and publicist ; 
1766—1841 D. 

Bertin, Loviis Marie Armand, French editor and jour- 
nalist ; 6. 1801 D. 

Bertin, Nicolas, French painter ; 1667—1736 D.N.u. 

Bertin, Pierre Auguste, French physicist ; b. 1818 

Bertin, Ren^ Joseph Hyacinth, French mihtary sur- 
geon and medical writer ; 1767 — 1827 D.R. 

Bertin, Mademoiselle Kose, French court milliner ; 
1744—1813 D. 

Bertin, Theodore-Robert, French litterateur and steno- 
grapher; 1751—1819 D.U. 

Bertin d'Antilly, Louis Auguste, French litterateur ; 
1760—1804 _ D.F.u. 

Bertin de Veaux, Louis Francois, French j)oliticiaa 
and journalist ; 1771— 1842 _ d.f^u. 

Bertini, Antonio-Francesco, Italian physician ; 1657- 
1726 C.D.U.W. 

Bertini, Carlo, Italian music composer; 1680 D.i. 

Bertini, Francesco di Fausto, Siennese painter ; 1634 d. 



BES. 



143 



BEB 



Bertini, Giiiseppe-Maria-Xaverio, Italian physician 
and medical writer ; 1694— 1756 D.U. 

Bertini, Henri, French pianist ; h. 1798 P. 

Bertini, Pietro, Italian poet ; 1580 D.i. 

Bertini, Salvator, Italian theatrical and sacred music 
composer; 1721—1794 D.K. 

Bertini, Vicento, Ital. eccles. and anther; d. 1643 D.I. 

Bertiiis of Flanders, Pierre, cosmographei", historian 
to Louis XIII. ; 1565—1629 c. D. P. R. u. w. 

Bertkow, David Pvomarus, German author ; 1680 d.q. 

Bertlef, Martin, German writer and scholar ; 1699 D. 

Bertling", Ernest August, German ecclesiastic and 
writer; 1721—1769 D. 

Berto di Giovanni {Bertus Joamiis Marri), Italian 
painter of the Roman school ; 1497 — 1523 D. 

Bertocci, or Bertocius, Alfonso, Italian physician and 

medical writer ; 1600 D. 

■ Bertoja, or Bertogia, Giacomo, Italian mythological 

painter; d. 1660 D.t. 

Bertola, Abhate Aurelio-Georgio, Italian poet and lit- 
terateur ; 1753—1798 D.U. 

Bertolacci, Anthony, English author ; d. 1833 D. 

Bertolaja, Francesco, Italian dram, writer; 1614 D.i. 

Bertoldi, Francesco, Italian dram, author; 1609 D.T. 

Bertoldo, Giovanni, Italian sculptor, designer, and 
founder ; 15th cent. N. U. 

Bertoldus. See Bertholdus. 

Bertolet, Guillaume, Fi-ench sculptor; d. 1615 D. 

Bertoli, Venetian painter; 16th cent. D.T. 

Bertoli, Antonio Daniele, Italian painter and engraver ; 
1676-1745 D.N. 

Bertoli, Giovanni-Domenico, Italian litterateur and 
antiquary ; 1676 — 1755 C.D.I.U. 

Bertolini, , Italian satiric poet; d. 1684 D.i. 

Bertolio, Antoine Rene Constance, French jurist and 
author; d. 1812 D. 

Bertolio, Bernardo, Italian poet and biog. ; 1580 D.i. 

Bertolo, Giovanni Maria, Italian jurist and hebraist ; 
d. 1737 D.Q. 

Bertolotti, Giovanni Lorenzo, Genoese historical 
painter; 1640—1721 D.R. 

Bertolotti, Giuseppe, Italian ecclesiastic and miscel- 
laneous writer ; 1630 D.T. 

Bertolotti, Luca, Italian biographer ; 1640 d.i. 

Berton, Emile Adolphe Joseph, French military sur- 
geon ; b. 1801 F. 

Berton, Francis, French actor ; 6. 1814 F. 

Berton, Fran9ois, French operatic composer ; 1784 — 
1832 D.K. 

Berton, Henri Montan, French operatic comijoser and 
chef d'orchestre ; 1766—1844 D.K. 

Berton, Jean-Baptiste, Baron, French general of bri- 
gade ; 1769—1822 d.d. 

Berton, Jean Michel, French litterateur ; b. 1794 F. 

Berton, Louis Sebastian, principal of the mUitary 
school of Brienne ; 1745—1811 D. 

Berton, Nicolas, Fr. music composer ; 1767—1844 v. 

Berton, Pierre Montan, French operatic composer and 
chef d'orchestre ; 1727—1780 D.U. 

Berton, Thomas, Fr. Dominican author ; 1650 D. 

Berton, AVilliam, chancellor of the University of Ox- 
ford ; 1381 c.n.w. 

Berton de Bouemin, M. L., French historian ; 1690 d. 

Bertonio, I.uigi, Italian Jesuit missionary ; 1555 — 
1625 D.U. 

Bertotti Scamozzi, Ottavio, Italian architect; 1726— 
1800* D. 

Bertoul, Joseph, German missionary ; 16th cent. d. 

Bertoux, Guillaume, French author; 6. 1723 c.D.U.W. 

Bertozzi, Francesco, Italian sculptor ; 18th cent. D. 

Bertrade, consort of Foulques, count of Anjou, and 
mistress of Philippe I. of France ; 1094 D. u. 

Bertram, August Wilhelm, German physician and 
medical writer ; 1752—1788 D. R. 

Bertram, Charles, English antiquary ; 1746 r. 

Bertram, Christian August, German author : 1751 - 
1830 D.G. 



Bertram, Corneille-Eonaventure, French pastor and 
onentahst; 1531— 1594 c.G.P u 

Bertram, Johann Friederich, German theologian" lin- 
guist, and author ; 1699—1741 d.g. 

Bertram, Johann Georg, Germ, eccles.; 1670— 1728 *D. 

Bertram, Justus, German chronicler ; 1570 d.q. 

Bertram, Philip-Ernest, German historian and jurist : 
1726—1777 c.D.u. 

Bertram, Roger, English judge, 1225; d. 1242 ' f. 

Bertram {the Priest), or Ratraun, writer against tran'- 
substantiatiou ; 868* j; 

Bertrand, St, bishop of Mans ; d. 623 -v. 

Bertrand I., count of Auvergne, 1437 ; d. 1461 u 

Bertrand II., 1461 ; d. 1494 xj. 

Bertrand, duke of Toulouse ; 637 xj.' 

Bertrand, count of Toulouse, 1096 ; d. 1112 u.' 

Bertrand I., count of Provence ; d. 1054 u 

Bertrand II., 1063 ; d. 1092 u! 

Bertrand, I'Abbe, French astronomer and -writer; 
1755—1792 I,; 

Bertrand, Alexandre, Fr. mechanician ; d. 1740 d.u. 

Bertrand, Alexandre Arthur Henri, French military 
captain ; 6. 1811 p. 

Bertrand, Antoine Marie, mayor of Lyons, and revolu- 
tionist ; d. 1796 D.U. 

Bertrand, Bernard Nicolas, French j)hysician and 
medical writer ; 1715 — 1780 d. 

Bertrand, Edme Victor, French gen. ; 1769—1814 D.u. 

Bertrand, Elie, Swiss naturalist and philosophical 
writer ; 1712—1777 c.D.u.w. 

Bertrand, Etienne, French jurist and author; 1530 D. 

Bertrand, Francois, French writer; 1590 D.U. 

Bertrand, rran9ois Marie, Fr. orientalist ; b. 1807 F. 

Bertrand, Francois Seraphique, French jurist and 
writer; 1702—1752 d.P.U. 

Bertrand, Gabriel, French surgeon and anatomical 
writer ; 1610 D. 

Bertrand, Gabrielle, French female painter; 1737— 
1790 D.N. 

Bertrand, Henry Gratien, Comte, French general ; 
1773-1844 D.u. 

Bertrand, Jean, Swiss agriculturalist and writer; 
1708 -1777 D. 

Bertrand, Jean, French representative ; b. 1809 F. 

Bertrand, or Bertrandi, Jean, French cardinal ; 1470— 
1560 D.u. 

Bertrand, Jean, French jurist ; d. 1594 D. 

Bertrand, Jean-Baptiste, French physician and medi- 
cal writer ; 1670—1752 c.D.R.u. 

Bertrand. Jean-Baptiste, French Oratorian monk and 
grammarian ; 1764—1830 D.U. 

Bertrand, Jean - Elie, Swiss writer and preacher ; 
1737—1779 D.c. 

Bertrand, Jean PieiTe Louis Toussaint, French repre- 
sentative ; b. 1793 F. 

Bertrand, Joseph Louis Francois, French mathemati- 
cian and scientific writer ; 6. 1822 D.F. 

Bertrand, Louis, Swiss geometrician; 1731^1812 D.U. 

Bertrand, Louis Jacques Napoleon Aloisius, French 
poet; 1807-1841 d.u. 

Bertrand, Micliel, French physician and chemist; 
1775*— 1857 F. 

Bertrand, Nicolas, French prof, of law ; d. 1527 D.U. 

Bertrand, Noel Francois, French engraver ; b. 1784 D. 

Bertrand, Philippe, French sculptor ; 1664—1724 U. 

Bertrand, Pliilippe, French geologist, engineer, and 
author ; 1730—1811 . F.V. 

Bertrand, Pierre, French professor of chemistry F. 

Bertrand, Pierre, French cardinal, canonist,and writer; 
1280—1349 . D.U. 

Bertrand, Pierre Jean Baptiste, French physician and 
author ; 1782—1844 . »• 

Bertrand, Severin, French ecclesiastic and humanist ; 
17th cent. , . . ^■ 

Bertrand, Thomas Bernard, French physician and 
author ; 1682-1751 D.K.D. 

Bertrand, Vincent, French painter ; 1806 V. 



BEB 



144 



BES 



Bertrand d'Alamon, Frencli troubadour and poet ; d. 
1295 D.u. 

Bertrand de Comps, grand-master of the order of St 
John of Jerusalem ; d. 1241 D. 

Bertrand de Gordon, Fr. troubadour ; 13th cent. d.u. 
Bertrand de la Hosdiniere, Charles Ambroise, French 
judge ; d. 1819 D. 

Bertrand de Molville, Antoine Frangois, Marquis, 
French statesman and author ; 1744 — 1817 r.U. 
Bertrandi, Giovanni-Ambroggio-Maria, Italian physi- 
cian and anatomist ; 1723 — 1765 c.d.k.u.W. 
Bertrandi, Jean, president of the Parliament of Paris, 
keeper of the Seals, archbishop of Sens ; d. 15G0 u. 
Bertrandon de la Brocquiere, French chronicler; 
14th cent. D.u. 
Bertrans, Clerk, French poet ; 13th cent. D.u. 
Bertranus, Bonavent Cornelius, Swiss divine, hebraist, 
and author ; 1-531—1494 W. 
Bertratiiis, or Bertnicclus, Nicola, Italian physician 
and writer; 14th cent. D. 
Bertrlc, king of Wessex, 784 ; d. 800* K. 
Bertrich, F. J. , German miscel. writer ; h. 1747 E. 
Bertrude, qu. of France, wife of Clotaire II. ; d. 610 D. 
Bertucat, Luis, Sj^anish painter ; d. 1782 D. 
Bertucci, Jaeopone {Jacopone di Faenza), Italian 
painter; 1530 d.t. 
Bertucci, Lodovico, Italian painter ; 17th cent. d.t. 
Bertucci, Lorenzo, Ital. painter and mus. ; b. 1620* D. 
Bertuccio, Ital. sculpt, and goldsmith; 14th cent. D.N. 
Bertuccio, Bertruccio, or Vertuzzo, Nicola, Italian 
physician and medical writer ; d. 1347 D. 
Bertuch, Friederich-Justus, German litterateur and 
pubUcist; 1747—1822 _ D.U. 
Eertuch, Johann Georg, German jurist and author ; 
1690 D.Q. 
Eertuch, Johann Michel, German physician and au- 
thor; 1675 D. 
Bertulf, king of Mercia, 83D ; d. 852* E. 
Bertulle, Peter, cardinal, statesman, and author; 
1575—1629 w. 
Bertuzio, Giovanni - Eattista, Italian ai-tist of the 
Bolognese school ; d. 1644 B.D.T. 
Bertuzzi, Nicolo, Italian jiainter of the Bolognese 
school ; d. VJll D. 
BeruUe, Pierre, cardinal, founder of the Carmelite 
order in France, dijilomatist ; 1575 — 1629 C.d.p.u. 
Beruria, Jewish female scholar B. 
Beruto, Amadeo, Ital. jurist and author ; d. 1525 D.i. 
Bervanger, Roman divine ; h. 1795 D.F. 
Bervlc, Charles Clement Balvay, French engraver ; 
1756—1822 • d.u. 
Berville, St Albin, French judge and writer on law ; 
h. 1788 D.F. 
Berwick, James Fitz- James, Duke of, marshal of 
France ; 1670 — 1734 e.u.w. 
Berwick, Eichard Noel Noel Hill, Earl of, English 
l^eer ; h. 1800 f. 
Berwick, William Noel, Baron, Eng. officer; 6. 1802 
Beryllus, Arabian bishop of Bostra ; 244* C.d.p.e. 
Berze, or Bersil, Ungues, Fr. satiric poet; 13th cent. D. 
Berzelius, James, Baron, Swedish chemist and scien- 
tific writer ; 1779—1848 D. 
Berzewiczy de Berzewicz et Kakasloiimiter, Gregor, 
German economist and writer ; 1763 — 1822 d.g. 
Berzosa, Juan, Spanish hellenist ; 1544 D. 
Berzsenyi, Dan., Hungarian lyric poet; 1776— 1836 D. 
Besalio, Camillo, Italian post ; 16th cent. D.I. 
Besan90n, Etienne Modeste, French litterateur ; 
1730-1816 D.F.u. 
Eesantin, or Bisantin, Greek -^Titer d. 
Bssard, Jean Ba])tiate, French iiliysician, musician, 
and writer ; h. 1575 D.U. 
Besard, Raymond, French physician and writer ; 
16th cent." D.u. 
Bestoorodko, Russian statesman ; d. 1799 u. 
Bescher, French historiau and grammarian ; 1820 V. 
Bssclierelie, French writer ; l>. 1S04 D. 



Bescherelle, Louis Nicolas, French grammarian and 

author; 6. 1802 d.f. 

Beschey, Balthasar, Flemish historical and portrait 

painter ; 1708 — 1776 b.d.n. 

Besclli, Constantino-Giuseppe, Italian Jesuit, mission- 
ary to India, poet, and grammarian ; d. 1742 d.g.i.u. 
BescMtay, Elie {the Byzantine), Jewish author ; 

1420—1490 D.u. 

BescMtzi, Moses, Jewish scholar and author ; 1554 — 

1572 D.o. 

Besecke, J. Melchior Gottlieb, German professor of 

law and author ; 1746— 1802 G.R. 

Beseleel, or Bezaleel, Jewish sculptor and founder ; 

16th cent. B.C. D.s. 

Beseler, Carl Georg Christian, Germ, jurist ; h. 1809 D. 
Beseler, WiU. Hartwig, Danish politician ; h. 1806 F. 
Besenval, Pierre Victor, Baron de, Swiss general ; 

1722—1791 D.u. 

Besenzi, Paolo Emilio, Italian painter ; d. 1666 D.N. 
Besiers, Michel, French chron. ; 1719—1782 c.D.u.w. 
Beskovius, Jacques, German ecclesiastic ; d. 1624 D. 
Beskow, Bernard, Baron de, Swedisli litterateur and 

poet; 6. 1798 D.F. 

Beslay, Charles, French engineer ; h. 1795 r. 

Beslay, Charles Leleu Bernard, French legislator; 

1768—1834 D.F.U. 

Besler, Basilius, German botanist and author ; 1561 — 

1629 c.D.u.w. 

Besler, Jerome. German doctor of medicine and au- 
thor ; 1566—1632 E. 
Besler, Michel-Robert, German i^hysician, naturalist, 

and writer; 1607—1661 c.D.u.w. 

Besley, Robert, lord mayor of London ; 1869 d. 

Besly, Jean, French historian, jurist, and author ; 

1572—1644 D.u.w 

Eesmi, Turkish poet ; d. 1518* g.e. 

Besmi, Mustafa, Turkish poet ; d. 1682 G.R. 

Besmi, Turkish poet; d. 1708 G.R. 

Besnard, Franz Joseph, German physician and medi- 
cal writer ; 1748 — 1814 D.R. u. 
Besnard, Pierre Joachim, French engineer and inspec- 
tor of roads and bridges ; 1741 — 1806 D.u. 
Besnier, Pierre, French Jesuit philologist; 1648 — 

1705 D.U. 

Besnier, Pierre-Charles-Louis, French physician and 

botanist; 1668—1761 D.u. 

Besodner, Petrus, German ecclesiastic and author ; 

d. 1616 D. 

Besodun, or Beston, John, English author, prior of 

the Carmelites at Lynn ; d. 1428 c.d.r. 

Eesoig'ne, Jerome, French hist. : 1686—1763 D.u.w. 
Besoigne, or Besogne, Nicolas, French heraldic 

writer; d. 1697 d. 

Besold, Christoph, German historian and jurist ; 

1577-1638 D.u.w. 

Besold, Hieronymus, German ecclesiastic and writer ; 

d. 1562 (?) D.Q. 

Besomtoes, Jacques, French ecclesiastic and moralist ; 

1710 D.u. 

Besombes de Saint - Genies, Pierre Louis, French 

judge and humanist ; 1719 — 1783 D.u. 

Besozzi, Alessandro, Italian musician ; h. 1700 D.K. 
Besozzi, Ambroggio, Italian painter, architect, and 

engi-aver; 1048—1706 E.u. 

Besozzi, Antonio, Italian musician ; 18th cent. D.K. 
Besozzi, Gaetano, Italian musician ; 18th cent. D.K. 
Besozzi, Girolamo, Italian musician ; h. 1712 D.K. 
Besozzi, or Besutius, Giovanni Francesco, Italian 

printer ; 1600 D.i. 

Besozzi, Giovanni Giacomo, Italian miscellaneous 

wi-iter; 1663—1730 d.i. 

Besozzi, Giuseppe, musician of Parma ; 16th cent. K.u. 
Besozzi, Hyacinthe, French ecclesiastic and author ; 

1626—1699 D.I. 

Besozzi, or Besuzzi, Innocento, Italian ecclesiastic and 

writer; 1662—1782 _ d.i. 

Besozzi, ]?rimivalle, Italian jurist and poet; 1561 D.T. 



BES 



145 



BET 



Besplas, Joseph-Mai-ie-Anne Gros de, French writer 
and preacher ; 1734-1783 D.U.W. 

Eessa, Pancrace, French painter ; 1772 — 1830* D. 
Bessaraba, Eodolphe (Radie Negru), founder of the 
principality of Valachia ; d. 1265 D.U. 

Bessaraba, Mirce I., vaivode of Valachia; d. 1418 D.U. 
Bessaraba, Michel [the Brave), vaivode of Valachia ; 
1558—1601 D.U. 

Bessaraba, Mathe-w Brancovan, vaivode of Valachia ; 
d. 1654 D.U. 

Bessaraba, Constantin Brancovan, vaivode of Vala- 
chia ; d. 1714 D.U. 
Bessarion, John, Greek theologian, patriarch of Con- 
stantinople ; 1395—1472 c.D.p.u.w. 
Bessarion, Marco, cardinal and founder ; d. 1472 
Bessborougli, John George Brahazon Ponsonby, Earl 
of ; b. 1809 F. 
Bessborougli, John "William, Earl of, lord-lieutenant 

of Ireland (1846) ; 1781—1847 
Besse, GuiUaurae, Fr. jurist and author ; d. 1680 D.U. 
Besse, or Besset, Henri de, French inspector of fine 
arts and writer ; d. 1693 D.E. 

Besse, Jean, French ijhysician and author ; 1713 E. 
Besse, Joseph de, French physician and medical 
writer ; h. 1670* . D. 

Besse, Pierre, Fr. ecclesiastic and author ; d. 1639 D.u. 
Bessel, Christian Georg, German ecclesiastic and mo- 
raUst ; 1670 D.Q. 

Bessel, Friederich, Germ, philologist; 17th cent. D.Q. 
Bessel, Friederich Wilhelm, German astronomer and 
scientific writer ; 1784—1846 D. 

Bessel, Gottfried von, German theologian, abbot of 
the Benedictine abbey of Gottwich, diplomatist, and 
chronicler; 1672—1749 D.G.w. 

Bessel, Johann Franz, German jurist and author ; 
1710 D.Q. 

Bessel, Robert de, canon of St Eustache and preacher ; 
1550—1639 u. 

Bessemer, Henry, English civil engineer, inventor, 
and steel manufacturer ; &. 1813"'' M. 

Bessenyei de Eessenye at Galantha, Georg, Hunga- 
ri.iu autlior ; 1770 D. 

Besser, Johann von, German poet and writer; 1654 — 
1729 E.u. 

Besser, Johann Franz, German jurist ; IGGO d.q. 

Eesserer, "Wilhelm, German chronicler ; 1490 D. 

Besseritz, Johann Sigismmid, German Lutheran di- 
vine; 1702 D. 
Besset de la ChapeUe, N. P., German writer ; 18th 
cent. D.u. 
Bcssieres, Don George, Span, general ; 1780—1825 d.f. 
Bessieres, Jean-Baptiste, duke of Istria, marshal of 
France ; 1768-1813 D.E. 
Eessieres, Bertrand, Baron, Fr. general ; b. 1773 D.U. 
Bessieres, Francois, French military officer ; 1765— 
1825 D.U. 
Eessieres, Julien, French aiithor ; 1777 — 1840 D.F.U. 
Bessieres, J. B., French writer ; d. 1840 D. 
Bessieres, J. F., French mathematician and writer; 
1830 D. 
Bessin, Guillaume, French Benedictine author ; 1654 — 
1726 D.E. 
Besson, French printer ; 1786 d. 
Besson, Alexandre, French representative ; 1657*^ 
1726 _ D.U. 
Besson, Gustave Auguste, French musical instrument 
manufacturer ; b. 1820 F. 
Besson, Jacques, French mathematician and scientific 
writer; 1569 D.E.w. 
Besson, Jacques Frangois, bishop of Metz and author ; 
1756—1842 D.U. 

Besson, I'Abbe ■ , French historian ; d. 1780* D. 

Besson, or Besson-Bey, Egyptian admu-al; 1782 — 

1837 D. 

Besson, Joseph, French Jesuit missionaiy to Syria ; 

1607-1691 E.u. 

Besson, Louis Edouard, Fr. administrator ; b. 1784 F. 



Bessus, Persian satrap of Bactria, and murderer of 
Darius ; B.C. 331 d.e.u.x. 

Best, George, English preacher and author ; d. 1609 q. 

Best, Jean, French engraver and printer ; b. 1808 F. 

Best, John, bishop of Carlisle, 1561 ; d. 1570 d.l. 

Best, "\;V^illem, Dutch jurist and author ; 1683—1719 D. u. 

Best, "William Draper, Lord Wynford, English chief 
justice of the Common Pleas (1824) ; 1767—1845 /. 

Besta, Giacomo Filippo, Italian historian ; 1570 D.I. 

Eestard, Spanish historical painter ; 17th cent. D. 

Bestelmeier, Georg, Bavarian politician and author ; 
b. 1785 D. 

Bestia, L. Calpurnius, Eoman tribune of the plebs ; 

B.C. 121 D.X. 

Beston. See Baston. 

BestOUjef, Alexander Alexandrovitch, Eussian novel- 
ist and military officer ; 179.5 — 1837 D.E. 
BestOUjef Rumine, Michel, Eussian military officer ; 
d. 1826 D.i;. 
Bestuschef-Rjumin, Michel Petrovitch, Count de, 
Eussian diplomatist ; 1696 — 1760 d.u. 
Bestuschef-Rjumin, Alexis -Petrovitch, Count de, 
chancellor of Eussia and senator ; 1693—1766 D.E. 
Besuchet, Elisabeth, French poetess ; 1704—1784 D. 
Besuchet, Jean Claude, French military surgeon and 

author ; b. 1790 d.f. 

Betan^os, Domingo de, Span, missionary; d. 1549 d.u. 
Betancos, Juan de, Spanish hist. ; 16th cent. d.e. 
Betau,' Betaud, or Betaut, Jean, French architect ; 

18th cent. D. 

Betaut, , French Jesuit author ; 1670 d.q. 

Betbeder, Jean, French phys. and writer; 1750 d.u. 
Betbeder, Pierre, French physician and medical 

writer; 1670 d.u, 

Betencourt, Pierre -Louis -Joseph, Abbe de, French 

genealogist; 1743-1829 D.U. 

Betera, Felice, Italian phys. and writer ; 1590 D. 
Bethabor, Floret de, German alchemist D.Q. 

Betham, Sir "W., TJlster-king-at-arms ; 1779—1853 
Bethell, Christopher, bishop of Gloucester, 1824 ; 

Exeter, 1830 ; Bangor, 1830 d.l. 

BetheU, Eichard, Lord "Weetbury, lord chancellor of 

England, 1861 ; b. 1800 f-p. 

Bethem, Arabian astronomer D.Q. 

Bethencourt, or Bettencourt, Jacques, French phy- 
sician and medical writer ; 1520 D.U. 
Bethencourt, Jean de, French nobleman, chamberlain 

to Charles VII. , conqueror of the Canaries ; d. 

1425 D.u. 

Bethencourt y Molina, Agustin, Spanish engineer 

and scientific writer ; 1760—1826 D.U. 

BetMsac, Jean, councillor and favourite of Jean, duke 

of Berry ; d. 1389 D. 

BetMsy, Charies, Comte de, Fr. gen.; 1770— 1827 D.U. 
Bethisy, Eugene Eustache, Comte de, French gene- 
ral; 1739—1823 .p-u- 
Bethisy, Eugene Marie de, marquis of Mezieres, 

French general ; 1656—1721 D.U. 

Bethisy, Jean Laurent de, French music composer; 

1702—1770* . D.K. 

Bethisy de Mezieres, Henri Benedict Julius de, 

French ecclesiastic ; 1744 — 1817 K. U. 

Bethle, Georg, German sculptor ; 17th cent. d.k. 

Bethlen-BetWen, Niklas, Count of, German chro- 
nicler ; 1642—1716 „ ^^ 
Bethlen-BetMen, Wolfgang, Count of, chancellor ot 

Transylvania and historian ; 1448—1679 D.E. 

BetMen-Gabor, usurper of the throne of Hungary 

(1613) ; 1580-1629 ,^^, , ^f; 

Bethlen, Countess of, Germ, authoress ; Ibth cent. D.u. 
Bethmann, Frederique Auguste Conradme, German 

actress; 1766—1814 . ^, '^^^' 

Bethmann, Philip Heinrich Mauntz Alexander, 

German banker ;&. 1811 n^r.,^1^ 

Bethmann-Hollvp-eg, Mauritz Augustus von, German 

jurist, politician, and author; b.lTdo 
Betlimont, Eugdne, French politician ; 0. iwi 



D.F. 
D.F. 



BET 



146 



BEU 



BettLUne, Armand-Josepli de, duke of Charost, go- 
vernor of Picardy, French economist and philan- 
thropist ; IZoS— 1800 D.u. 

Bethune, A. N., bishop of Toronto ; 1867 

Bethune, David, abp. of St Andrews, 1539 ; d. 1546 k. 

Bethune, George, Amer. pulpit orator ; h. 1805* M. 

Bethune, Hippolyte, Count of, French warrior find 
diplomatist ; 1603 — 1665 u. 

Bethune, Hippolyte de, French prelate and author ; 
1647—1720 D. 

Bethune, James, bishop of Galloway, 1508 ; arch- 
bishop of Glasgow, 1508 ; St Andrews, and lord 
chancellor, 1515 A. 

Bethune, Philippe de, count of Selles and Charost, 
French diplomatist ; 1561—1649 D.U. 

Bethune, Quesnes, or Coesnes de, Fr. poet ; 1180 D.U. 

Bethune d'Orval, Anne Li^onore de, French ascetic 
author ; 1657—1733 D.U. 

Betis, governor and defender of Gaza under Darius ; 
d. B.C. 322 D.R.u. 

Betoland, Victor Andre Raymond, French gram- 
marian ; 6. 1803 F. 

Betoland, or Bethland, Eoland, French jurist and 
author: 15-50* D.U. 

Beton, James, abp. of St Andrews, 1522 ; d. 1539 k. 

Betou, Alex., French designer and engraver ; 1647 D. 

Betourne, Ambroise, French i^oet; 1795—1835 D. 

Betouw, Jan van, Dutch antiqiiary ; 1731—1819 D.U. 

BetSbrugg, Gilles, Flemish jurist and author ; 16th 
cent. D. 

Betsius, Nicholas, German jurist and author ; 17th 
cent. D.Q. 

Betta, Felice Giuseppe, Italian abbot and litterateur ; 
d. 1765 D.i.u. 

Betta, Giovanni-Battista, Ital. abbot and author D.I. 

Betta, Giuseppe, Italian sculptor ; d. 1773 D.N. 

Betta dal Toldo, Francesco, Italian jurist; 1526 — 
1.599 _ D.U. 

Eettazzl, Giacomo, Italian astronomer and author ; 
1722—17.55 D.I. 

Bette d'Etienville, Jean Charles Vincent, French 
author; 1759-1830 D.U. 

Bettei, Ariodante, Italian poet ; 1746 D.i. 

BetteUini, Pietro, Ital. engraver ; b. 1748 or 63 D.N.R. 

Betterton, Thomas, Eng. actor; 1635—1710 c.D.E.W. 

Bettes, John, English pauiter and engraver; 16th 
cent. K. 

Bettes, Thomas, English artist ; 16th cent. r, 

Bettesworth, George Edmund Byron, British naval 
officer; 1785—1808 B. 

Betti, Antonio Maria, Italian physician and author ; 
d. 1562 D. 

Betti, Biagio {the Father), Italian painter of the Flo- 
rentine school ; 1545 — aft. 1615 D.T. 

Betti, Niccolo, Florentine painter; 1550 D.T. 

Betti, Sigismondo, Florentine painter ; 1754 D. 

Betti, Zaccaria, Italian poet; 1732—1788 C.D.R.w. 

Bettina, Ital. painter of the Mlanese school ; 1690* D. 

Bettinelli, Giuseppe Maria, or Xaverio, Italian Jesuit 
and litterateur ; 1718 — 1808 C.D.R.W. 

Betting de Lancastel, Nicolas, French author and 
publicist; h. 1798 D.P. 

Bettini, Antonio, bishop of Foligno, dijjlomatist, and 
ascetic writer ; 1496—1587 D.R.U. 

Bettini, Antonio Sebastiano, Ital. painter ; h. 1707 T.u. 

Bettini, Domenico, Italian painter ; 1644—1705 D.T. 

Bettini, Giovanni Antonio, Bolognese painter; d. 
1773 D. 

Bettini, Maria, Italian Jesuit scholar and Latin 
poet; 1582—1657 d.e.u.w. 

Bettio, Italian bibliogr.ipher ; 1787—1846 d. 

Bettio, Giuseppe, Italian painter of the Venetian 
school; 1720—1803 D. 

Bettkober, Christian Heinrich Friederich Sigismond, 
German sculptor ; 1746—1822* D.N. 

Bettoni, Count Carlo, Italian philanthropist and agri- 
culturist; 1735—1786 D.S.U, 



Bettoni, Nicola, Italian miscellaneous wi-iter and 
typograxDher ; 1807 D. 

Betts, John, English scholar ; 1590 q. 

Betts, John, English ijhysician and medical writer ; 
16.54 c.D.E. 

Betts, "William, chaplain to Anne Boleyn ; d. 1535 q. 

Betty, Master {the young Boscius) ; 1804 

BetiQee, Mathieu, French ecclesiastic and chronicler ; 
17th cent. D. 

Betulus, or Betulejus, Sixtus or Xystus, German 
Latin poet ; 1500— 1544 d.g.w. 

Betussi, Giuseppe, Ital. litterateur ; h. 1507 C.D.R.W. 

Betyane, Richard, mayor of London ; 1326 d. 

Betzku, Ivan Ivanovitch, president of the Academy of 
Fine Arts at St Petersburg ; 1704—1795 R. 

Beuchet, or Behuchet, Nicolas, seigneur de Muzy, 
French admiral ; d. 1340 D. 

Beuchot, Adrien Jean Quentin, French bibliographer; 
1773—1851 D. 

Beuckelaer, or Buceltrar, Joachim, Flemish painter ; 
1530*— 1610 N.R. 

Beuckels, Willem, Dutch fisherman, inventor of the 
art of curing herrings ; d. 1449 R.U. 

Beudant, Frau9ois Sulpice, French physician, miner- 
alogist, and philosophical writer ; 1787 — 1852 D. 

Beudin, Jacques F^lix, French banker and dramatic 
writer; b. 1796 D.F. 

Beuf, Jean le, French antiquary ; 1687—1760 D. 

Beugbem, Charles Antoiue Francois de Paule de, 
Flemish ecclesiastic and writer ; 1744 — 1820 D.U. 

Beughem, Cornelius van, German publisher of biblio- 
graphical works ; 1680 D.R.U. w. 

Beugnot, Arthur Auguste, Comte de, French archaeo- 
logist and politician ; b. 1797 D.F. 

Beugnot, Jacques Claude, French statesman ; 1761^ 
1835 D.F.u. 

Beuil, Jean de, French warrior ; 1346—1415 D.u. 

Beuil, Jean, Sire de, French warrior; d. 1470 D.u. 

Beulanius, Eng. divine and geneal. writer ; 600* D.R. 

Beulanius, Samuel, English historian and commen- 
tator ; 7th cent. CD. 

Beule, Charles Ernest, Fr. archaeologist ; b. 1826 F. 

Beulwitz, Carl Friederich, German writer; 1750 D.Q. 

Beumler, Marc, Swiss professor of theology and author; 
15.55 — 1611 D.R.w. 

Beuningen, Conrad van, Dutch statesman; 1622 — 
1693 G.R. 

Beurard, Jean Baptiste, French mineralogist and 
writer ; 1745 — 1825* D.u. 

Beuree, Denis, Swedish diplomatist ; d. 1.567 d.u. 

Beurer, Johann Ambrosius, German lohysician, che- 
mist, and botanist ; 1716 — 1754 R.U. 

Beurer, Johann Jacob, German writer ; 1595* D. 

Beurhusius, Friederich, German philosopher and 
author ; 1550 D. 

Beurmann, Pais Ernest, Comte de, French general ; 
1775-1835* D. 

Beurnonville, Pierre de Paiel, Comte de, marshal of 
France and statesman ; 1752 — 1821 D.R.u. 

Beurnonville, Etienne Martin, Baron de, French 
general ; h. 1789 f. 

Beurrer, Johann Ambrosius, German mineralogist 
and philosopliical writer ; 1716 — 1754 D.U. 

Beurrey, or Beurey, de Chateauroux, Nicolas, French 
ecclesiastic ; 1780 D.U. 

Beurrier, Louis, French Celestine monk and his- 
torian ; d. 1645 D.u. 

Beurrier, Paul, French ecclesiastic and ^vriter ; 1610 — 
1696 _ _ D. 

Beurrier, Vincent Toussaint, prior of the seminary at 
Eennes, theologian, and author ; 1715—1782 D.u. 

Beurs, WiUem, Dutch painter ; 16.56—1690 D.N.R. 

Beusekom, F. van, Dutch engraver ; 1640 b.r. 

Beust, Friederich Constantin, German mineralogist 
and geologist ; b. 1806 D.F. 

Beust, Friederich Ferdinand, Baron, German states- 
man and diplomatist ; b. 1809 D. 



BEU 



147 



BEZ 



Beust, Joachiai von, German jurist and writer ; 1522 — 
1597 T). 

Beust, Joachim Ernest von, German jurist and writer ; 
1740 D. 

Beutel, Tobias, German mathematician, astronomer, 
and author ; 1664 D. 

Beuter, Pedro Antonio, Spanish historian and theolo- 
gian; 1510 Q.K. 

Beuth, Peter Christian Wilhelm, Genuan statesman ; 
b. 1781 F. 

Beuther, Dav., Germ, alchemist and author; 1620 d.q. 

Beuther, Jacob Ludwig, German chronologist D. 

Beuther, IMichael, German historian, philosopher, and 
theologian; 1522 — 1587 d.r.u.W. 

Beuthner, Arnold Christian, German ecclesiastic and 

biographer; 1689—1742 D. 

.Beutler, Clement, Swiss painter; 18th cent. D.u. 

Beutler, James, German engraver ; 1593* b.k. 

Beutler, Johann Heinrich Christian, German author; 
1759—1835 D. 

Beuttel, Johann Geoi-g, German physician and medi- 
cal writer ; d. 1709 B. 

Beuvelet, Mathieu, Fr. ascetic writ,; 16th cent. D.u. 

Bevans, Francis, English chancellor of Hereford ; d. 
1602 l.q. 

Sever, or Bevenus, Jean Siriacope, Belgian philoso- 
pher ; d. 1563 E. 

Bever, Thomas, English banister, scholar, and writer ; 
1725—1791 C.D.R.w. 

Beveren, C. de, Flemish mathem.; 17th cent. d.q. 

Beveren, Matheus van, Flemish sculptor; 1670 D.N. 

Beverense, Antonio, Italian painter ; 17th cent. D.T. 

Bevergerne, Arnold, German chronicler ; 1450 d.q. 

Beveridge, John, Scottish prof, of languages; 1758 B. 

Beveridge, William, bishop of St Asaph, theologian, 
and orientalist ; 1G38— 1708 c.d.l.n.w. 

Beverini, Bartolomeo, Ital. litt.; 1629—1686 d.k.w. 

Beverini, Francesco, Italian dramatic jjoet; 1660 D.i. 

Beverland, Adrian, Dutch licentious writer; 1654 — 
1712 C.D.K.W. 

Beverley, George Percy, Earl of ; b. 1778 F. 

Beverley, John of, English Carmelite professor of 
divinity; lo90^' R.W. 

Beverley, John of, archbishop of York, 688-722; d. 
722 D.K.W. 

Beverley, Robert, American historian ; d. 1716 A.a.R. 

Bevem, August Wilhelm, duke of Brunswick-Lune- 
burg, Prussian general ; 1715 — 1782 D.R.U. 

Bevemynck, Jeronimus van, Dutch diplomatist; 
1614—1690 D.P.R.u. 

Beverwyck, Jan van (Beverovicus), Dutch physician 
and medical writer ; 1594 — 1647 D.R.W. 

Bevignate, Fra, Italian architect ; 14th cent. D. 

Bevilacqua, Ambrogio, Milanese painter ; 1486 d.t. 

BevUacqua, Clemente, Bolognese painter; 15th 
cent. D.T. 

Bevilacqua, FOippo, Milanese painter ; 1390* D. 

Bevilacqua, o?- Bevilaqua, Francesco, Italian surgeon ; 
1740 D.I. 

Bevilacqua, Jacopo, Italian poet ; 1620 d.i. 

Bevilacqua, Onorfrio, ItaUan strategist ; 1644 d.i. 

Beville, Charles, French artist ; 1651—1716 r. 

Bevln, Elway, English musician and composer ; d. aft. 
1636 c.K.E.w. 

Bevis, John, English astronomer ; 1695 — 1771 d.u.w. 

Bevy, Charles-Joseph, French Benedictine monk and 
historiograi^her ; 1788—1830 D.U. 

Bewer, Clement, German painter ; b. 1820 F. 

Bewick, John, English wood engraver ; 1760—1795 E. 

Bewick, Thomas, English reviver of the art of engrav- 
ing on wood and naturalist ; 1753 — 1828 b.d.e. 

Bexarano, Francisco Mateo Fernandes, Spanish physi- 
cian and author ; 1620 D. R. 

Bexfield, William Eichard, English music composer ; 
1824—1853 

Bexon, Gabriel Leopold Charles Aimc, French miscel- 
laneous writer and naturalist ; 1748 — 1784 c.D.u.w, 



Bexon, Scipio - Jerome, French jurist and author; 
1753-1825 D.F.E.U. 

Beyer, German physician ; 1750* d.k. 

Beyer, Adolph, German mineralogist and scientific 
writer; d. 1768 pQ, 

Beyer, Andreas, German Protestant ecclesiastic and 
writer; 1635*— 1716 d. 

Beyer, August, German bibliographer and philologer ; 
1707--1741 c.-D.Tx. u. w. 

Beyer, Christian, German historian ; 18th cent. d.q. 

Beyer, Christoph, German philosopher and writer; 
1695-1758 jj.q! 

Beyer, Daniel, German jurist and author ; 1670 d.q.' 

Beyer, Bayer, or Peyer, Friederich Wilhelm, German 
sculptor; 1720 — 1796 p.^, 

Beyer, Georg, German jurist and writer; 1665— 
1714 C.D.R.w. 

Beyer, Hartman, German mathematician and Pro- 
testant ecclesiastic ; 1516 — 1577 d. 

Beyer, Jean de, Swiss painter ; h. 1705 r.u. 

Beyer, Jean de, Swiss numismatist; d. 1738 d.u. 

Beyer, or Payer, Jean Conrad, Swiss physician and 
naturalist; 17th cent. d.q. 

Beyer, Johann, German naturalist ; 1620 d. 

Beyer, Johann Hartman, German phys. ; d. 1625 d. 

Beyer, J. R. G., Germ, eecles. and writ. ; 1756—1813 E. 

Beyer, AVillem, Flemish ecclesiastic ; 1650 d.q. 

Beyerle, Jean Pierre Louis, French magistrate and 
miscellaneous writer ; 1740"' d. 

Beyerlinck, Lament, Flemish savant and litterateur ; 
1578—1627 _ C.P.R.U.W. 

Beygrtach, Hadji or Vely, Turkish dervise and founder 
of the sect called Bertachys ; d. 1368 E. 

Beylbrouck, M., Flemish engraver; 1713 b.t.. 

Beyle, Marie Henri (Stcndhcd), Fr. litt.; 1783—1842 D. 

Beyma, Julius van, Dutch jurist and writer ; 1539 — 
1598 r^ Q C.D.R.u.w. 

Beyme, Prussian statesman ; 17?^— 1830 D.u. 

Beynon, Elie, German physician and eecles.; 1690* D. 

BeynviU, Richard de, Enghsh judge, 1225; d. 1238/. 

Beyrand, Martial, Fr. military officer ; 1768—1796 D. 

Beys, Charles de, French dramatic poet ; 1601 — 
1659 C.D.P.R.U. 

Beys, Gilles, French printer ; d. 1593 CD. R.u. 

BeyscMag, Friederich Jacob, G erman author ; 1700 — 
1738 _ D. 

Beyssel, Zodoc, German jurist, philosopher, and 
poet; 1475"^ D. 

Beysser, Jean Slichel, French general ; 1734—1794 D. 

Beytz, Joseph Francois, Baron de, Belgian magis- 
trate and author ; d. 1832 D. u. 

Beyzovi, Persian judge and hist, writer; d. 1299 R. 

Bez, Ferrand de, French poet ; d. 1581 D. 

Beza, or Bes-ze, Theodore de, French reformer, diplo- 
matist, historian, and poet; 1519—1605 c.f/.P.R.U.W. 

Bezanson, French representative ; b. 1804 F. 

Bezard, Francois Simon, French revolutionary repre- 
sentative ; 1800 D.U. 

Bezard, Leon Louis, French painter ; b. 1800 _ F. 

Bezborodko, Prince Alexander Andreevitch, Russian 
statesman and diplomatist ; 1742—1799 D.R. 

Beze {the Father), French Jesuit missionary, physi- 
cian, and botanist ; 1690 D.R.U. 

Bezeredj, Amelie, Hungarian authoress ; 1804 — 

1837 _ ^^ 

Bezeredy, Stephen, Hungarian polit.; 1796— lSo6 f. 

Bezons, Armand Bazin de, French bishop ; d. 1721 D. 

Bezons, Claude Bazin, Seigneur de, French councillor 
of state, academician, and author; 1627 — 1CS4 D.U. 

Bezons, Jacques Bazin, Seigneur de, marshal of France ; 
1646—1733 . , ^v^ 

Bezout, Etienne, French mathematician and anti- 
quary ; 1730-1783 . . c- D.u.w. 

Bezozzi, Ambroseo, Italian decorative pamter ana 
engraver ; 1648—1706 ^ ^ , «. 

Bezzi, Giovanni Filippo {Giambologna), Bolognese 
painter, sculptor, and engraver; 1690 D. 



BEZ 



148 



£IA 



Bezzi, Giovanni Francesco {II Nosadella), Italian 
painter; 1500*— 1571 d.t. 

Bezzi, Giulio, Italian poet; 1628 D.I. 

Bezzicaluva, Ercole, Italian painter and engraver ; h. 
1600* D. 

Bezzuoli, Giuseppe, Ital. painter; 1784 — 1855 b.d.f. 
Bhadja Deva, king of Dhara ; lOth cent. D. 

Bhagodas, disciple of Kabir and author ; 15th cent. E. 
Bhagouri, Indian grammarian D. 

Bhanou Datta, Indian poet D. 

Bharabhouti, Indian dramatic poet ; 8th cent. D.U. 
Bliara Misra, Indian grammarian ; 1600 D. 

Bbarata, the name of a family of ancient Indian 
XJrinces D. 

Bliarata Mouni, Indian dramatic author d. 

Ebarata Mulla, Indian grammarian ; 18th cent. D. 
Bharavi, Indian poet D. 

BharMliari, Indian poet ; 1st cent. B.C. D.u. 

Bhascara Alcliarya, Indian writer on algebra ; 1072* D. 
Bliatta Narayana, Indian poet ; 9th cent. D. 

BliattocLji DikcMta, Indian grammarian ; 1600 D. 
Bhattotpala, Indian astronomer ; 968 D. 

Blieilol-Lodi, sultan of Delhi ; d. 1488 _ R. 

Bhrlgou, one of the seven patriarchs of the Indians D. 
Biacca, Francesco-Maria, Italian archseologist ; 1673 — 
1735 c.D.i.R.w. 

Biagi, Giovanni Maria, Ital. writer; 1724—1777 i.u. 
Biagi, Padre Clemente, Italian archaeologist and au- 
thor; 1748—1804 D.u, 
Biagioli, Nicola-Giuseppe {B'lasdoli), Italian gram- 
marian and author ; 1768 — 1830 D.R.U. 
Bialobocki, Ivan, Polish poet ; 17th cent. d.e. 
Biamonti, Giuseppe Luigi, Italian philologist and 
litterateur; 1730—1834 D.K.s.U. 
Biancani, Giuseppe, Italian Jesuit and mathemati- 
cian ; 1566—1624 D.iR.u. 
Biancardi, Sebastiano, Italian poet ; 1679—1741 D.i.u. 
Biancardo, Ugoletto, Italian general ; 1385 D.U. 
Bianclielli, Blengo, Ital. phys. and^iuthor ; 1530 D. 
Bianclietti, Giovanna, Italian poetess ; 14th cent. D.I. 
BiancM, Austrian general ; 1800 d.l. 
Bianchi, or Blancus, Andreas, Italian Jesuit eccle- 
siastic ; 1587—1657 D.I. 
Bianchi, Antonio, Venetian gondolier and poet ; 
1751 C.D.E.S.W. 
BiancM, Bianco, Italian poet ; 1640 D.I.U. 
BiaucM, Brigetta, Italian dramatic authoress and 
actress ; 1650 D.I. 
BiaucM, 13onaventura, Italian Minorite preacher and 
>vriter ; 15th cent. D.I. 
Bianclii, Buonavita Franco, or Francesco, Italian 
painter , d. 1658 D.n.t.u. 
EiancM, Carlantonio, Milanese painter ; 1750 D.T.U. 
Bianclii, Ettore, Italian satirical author ; 1560 D.i. 
Bianclii, Federigo, Italian painter ; 1620* d.t. 
BiancM, Francesco, Italian