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The following "Work was undertaken at the suggestion of the 
Publishers, whose design was that it should be a School Dictionary, 
containing all English words in common use, arranged in the usual 
alphabetical order, with the etymology of such as are derived from 
the Greek and the Latin. But the Compiler had not proceeded far 
in his labours, when certain difficulties in the way of executing 
them in a manner satisfactory to himself, led him to reconsider the 
plan originally proposed, and subsequently to lay down the following 
rules for his future guidance : — First, To insert no word which has 
not been sanctioned by the use of some eminent author, or which 
has become obsolete ; secondly, To give the Spelling and Pronun- 
ciation which are supported by the greatest number of competent 
authorities ; thirdly, To denote what appears to be the Root of 
every word ; and, fourthly, To define and explain the words as they 
are generally employed by the standard writers of the English 

The number of words in the English language has been computed 
to amount to about eighty thousand. Of these some, which are 
found in the earlier authors, have become obsolete ; others in com- 
mon colloquial use have not been authorized by classical writers : 
a few are entirely technical, that is to say, are employed only in 
connexion with some particular art ; and many are mere inflections 
or compounds. As the Compiler could not insert all the words in 
the language in so small a Work, he has rejected almost all belonging 
to these four classes : those belonging to the first class, because they 
are no longer in use ; to the second, because they are not sanctioned 


by sufficient authority ; to the third, because they are not used in 
general speech or writing ; and to the fourth, because they do not 
differ in derivation, meaning, or pronunciation, from the words from 
which they are formed. After all these deductions and omissions, 
there still remain nearly forty thousand words, which are contained 
in the present Work, and for which quoted authority will be found 
in the larger Dictionaries. 

In the spelling of words, the Compiler has taken as his guide the 
prevailing usage of the principal lexicographers. A more uniform 
system might have been introduced by adopting certain general rules, 
according to which particular classes of words might have been 
spelled. But every such rule would have led to greater changes in 
the usual practice than the Compiler felt himself authorized to make. 
Instead of aiming at uniformity, therefore, he has preferred that 
mode of spelling each word which he found to be supported by the 
greatest number of authorities. 

He has pursued a similar plan in the pronunciation of words. 
Generally, the system of Walker has been adopted, as being most in 
accordance with the usage of the educated portion of society ; but 
the Compiler has not hesitated to depart from it, whenever he found 
it at variance either with the majority of authorities, or with gene ml 

In the mode of indicating pronunciation, however, the present 
Work differs, in various respects, from that of Walker. In the first 
place, marks have been preferred to figures, as being equally precise 
and less perplexing. In the second place, the pronunciation is in- 
dicated only by the marks and the ordinary sounds of the letters, no 
attempt being made to render the pronunciation more plain by a 
different mode of spelling ; except in peculiar words, and in such as 
are pronounced in two different ways, one of which ways is generally 
indicated by marks, and the other by spelling the word as it is pro- 
nounced. In the third place, marks are placed only above the vowels 
in syllables which have the primary or secondary accent, most of the 
others being pronounced so obscurely that the sound cannot be 
exactly indicated. At the foot of each page is a key to the notation, 
and appended to this Preface is a table of the sounds indicated by 
marks, or by syllabication ; by the help of which there will be no 
difficulty in ascertaining, with all necessary precision, the pronuncia- 
tion of every word. 


The most satisfactory way of giving the derivation of words, would 
have been to have taken the most remote root, and traced it, through 
all its changes, into English. But, this was not practicable in a work 
of limited extent like the present ; and, for want of space, the Com- 
piler was forced to adopt a mode of derivation which, while it is 
sufficient to show the origin of words, at the same time saves all 
avoidable repetition, both of the roots and of their signification. 
Instead of giving its root after each English word, he has collected 
into families or groups all words which are derived from the same 
root, and which begin with the same syllable and have affinity in 
signification as well as in etymology, placing first, in large letters, 
what may be called the head of the family or group, and arranging 
under it, in smaller type, the other derivatives, in alphabetical order. 
In like manner, instead of explaining each root as it occurs in the 
body of the Work, he has collected the principal roots into a Voca- 
bulary, in which he has given their signification, and, as examples 
of their derivatives, the head or first word of every group in the 
Dictionary. These arrangements are attended by several disadvan- 
tages :— occasionally there is a slight departure from the strict alpha- 
betical order of the words ; sometimes the most remote root is given, 
without the intermediate derivatives through which the word passes 
into English ; and frequently it may be necessary to consult the 
Dictionary for the English word, and the Vocabulary for the meaning 
of its root. But, on the other hand, the Compiler did not see how 
he could, in any other way, comprise the explanation and derivation 
of what may be termed the classical words of the English language 
within the limits of a school-book ; the absence of its signification 
after each root will not be felt as an inconvenience by those who are 
acquainted with the learned languages, or have made some progress 
in the study of etymology ; and, when the Work is used as a text- 
book for teaching derivation, a most useful exercise for advanced 
pupils will be to make them find out the intermediate derivatives, 
through which any foreign word, whether ancient or modern, has 
been transferred into the English language. In this exercise, as well 
as in the study of etymology generally, considerable help will be 
obtained from one of the annexed tables, in which are detailed the 
principal changes which letters undergo in derivation. 

On this division of the Work, it may be necessary to explain, that 
when an English word is, in form and signification, the same as its 


root, the latter is not printed, but only the language to which it 
belongs is indicated ; that, when the root is thus of the same form as 
the English derivative, and also when the form is different, but the sig- 
nification the same, the root has not been inserted in the Vocabulary ; 
that roots are not placed after words for which no probable derivation 
has been assigned ; that all doubtful roots are denoted by a point of 
interrogation ; that a few Latin words not purely classical, and some 
obsolete French words, will be found among the roots ; that the 
roots in the Dictionary, and the radical parts of the words in the 
Vocabulary, are printed in italics ; that, in Greek words, the grave 
accent on e final (<?) indicates that it is not silent, as in English ; that, 
in the Vocabulary, r\ and &> are generally represented by e and 6 ; and 
that the quantity has been marked in all Greek and Latin words in 
which errors in pronunciation were likely to occur. 

The most philosophical mode of explaining words would have been 
to have given first their primary signification, as indicated by their 
derivation, and afterwards, in the order of their connexion with it, 
all their secondary meanings. But in this, as in derivation, the 
Compiler has been restricted by want of room ; and he has been 
under the necessity of confining himself to those acceptations which 
words most commonly bear in speech and writing. It thus not 
unfrequently happens, that the primary meanings of words have been 
omitted, because they are not in use, and that secondary meanings 
are attached to them, which appear to have no connexion with their 
derivation. Such explanations and definitions as he has given, how- 
ever, the Compiler has endeavoured to make as perspicuous, and, at 
the same time, as concise as possible ; and he trusts that they will 
be found sufficient to convey the ordinary acceptations of all the 
authorized words in the English language. 

To make the Dictionary more complete as a school-book, the Com- 
piler has added a copious list of Greek, Latin, and Scripture Proper 
Names. As in the first part of the Work, the vowels are marked as 
they ought to be pronounced, in syllables having the primary or 
secondary accent : they are also marked in some of the terminations 
which are liable to be mispronounced. To save the trouble of consulting 
two lists, the Greek, Latin, and Scripture Proper Names have been 
printed together. When a Proper Name occurs both in the Classical 
writers and in Scripture, but is differently accented, each mode of 
pronunciation is indicated ; and when there are two ways of spelling 


or pronouncing either a Classical or a Scripture Proper Name, both 
are generally given. 

In every department of the Work, the Compiler is aware that it 
is chargeable with many faults of both plan and execution. He 
nevertheless hopes that, as a school-book, it will be found superior to 
any dictionary at present in use. He can at least say for himself, and 
for the Publishers, that no labour or expense has been spared to make 
it serve the purpose for which it is designed. It was all carefully 
written by the Compiler's own hand, and the utmost attention was 
paid to accuracy while it was passing through the press. Nothing 
has been inserted without authority, and every word has been verified. 
As has been already stated, the Compiler has not, in any case, 
deferred merely to his own opinion, but has throughout proceeded 
on the principle of being guided by the majority of competent 
authorities. Of course he has exercised his own judgment in deciding 
what authorities he considered competent ; but he is confident that 
his judgment will be ratified by that of the public, when he adds, 
that the lexicographers whom he has chiefly followed are, for the 
authenticity, spelling, derivation, and explanation of words, Johnson, 
Todd, Richardson, and Webster ; for pronunciation, Walker, Jones, 
Perry, Fulton, Worcester, and Smart ; and for Anglo-Saxon roots, 
Bosworth. To these authors, and to the authors of the various other 
works which he has consulted, he desires to make the most ample 

With these explanations, the Compiler commits his Dictionary to 
the public, in the hope that it will receive that approbation, of 
which, by the labour of several years, he lias endeavoured to make 
it worthy. 





















































39 \ like e 





















Sounds. Examples. 

cial \ / commercial 

sial >like shal< controversial 
tial ' \ partial 

ceous \ /farinaceous 

cious >like shus< capacious 
tious / ^sententious 

$ e0US \ like jus f coura « eous 
gious ) 

\ reli^iou 

1 like shun | mis . sion 
J I nation 




sion, like zhun 

xion, like kshun 

z, like zh 

n-g, like ng-g 

ph, like f 

I nation 
azure, glazier 




Any vowel or diphthong may be substituted for another: the following are 
the changes which most frequently occur: — 
A is changed into e, i, o, u, ei, ie. 
E is changed into a, i, o, u, ai, ie, oa, oe, oo. 
I is changed into a, o, u, y, ai, ei. 
is changed into a, e, i, u, ea, eu, ey, oe, oi, ou, ui. 
U is changed into a, e, i, o, y, au, ee, eu, ie, oi, ou. 
Y is changed into ie. 
Ae is changed into ai; ai into ae, oe; au into o, ou; oi into oe, e; ou into u. 


Consonants, which are pronounced by the same organs of speech, are trans- 
mutable; namely,— 

Labials, b, f, p, ph, v, w. 

Dentals, d, t, th, s, z, c soft. 

Palatials, c hard, g hard, ch hard, k, q. 

Liquids, 1, m, n, r. 

The following consonants are also transmutable ; b, v, g soft; d, g soft,} 
g,y; l,u; sc, sh; s, x, z. 

The letters e, h, s, are sometimes prefixed; b, d, g, inserted. 



Nouns are formed by affixing to the radical parts of words the terminations 
an, ant, ar, ard, art, ary, eer, ent, er, ier, ist, ive, or, ster j ate, ee, ite; acy, 
age, ance, ancy, ence, ency, head, hood, ion, ity, ism, ment, mony, ness, on, 
ry, ship, t, th, tude, ty, ure, y; dom, ric, wic; cule, cle, el, il, et, in, ine, kin, 
let, ling, ock, ule. 

Adjectives are formed by affixing the terminations ac, al, an, ar, ary, en, 
ic, ical, id, ile, ine, ory; ate, ful, ose, ous, some, y; ish, like, ly; ive; able, 
ible, uble; less; ish. 

Verbs are formed by affixing the terminations, ate, en, fy, ish, ise, ize. 

Adverbs are formed by affixing the terminations, ly, ward, wards. 




sing, singular 



pi. plural 



comp. comparative 



sup. superlative 



p. participle 



p. a. participial adjective 



pr. present 



p. t. past tense 

p. p. past participle. 



Ir. Irish 



It. Italian 



L. Latin 



P. Persian 



Port. Portuguese 



S. Anglo-Saxon 



Sc. Scripture 



Sp. Spanish 



Sw. Swedish 



T. Teutonic 

Gr. L. Greek, Latin 

Turk. Turkish 



W. Welsh. 






A, the indefinite article, placed be- 
fore words beginning with the sound of a 
consonant. Before words beginning with 
the sound of a vowel, it is written an. 

Aa-ron'ic, Aa-ron'i-eal, a. relating to 
the priesthood of Aaron. 

A -back', ad. («, back) backwards. 

Ab'a-cus, n. (L.) an instrument for 
calculating; the uppermost member of a 

A-baft', ad.(S. b&f tan) behind; towards 
the stern of a ship. 

Ab-al'ien-ate, v. (L. ab 9 alienus) to 
make over to another. 

A-ban'don, v. (Fr. abandonner) to 

give up ; to desert ; to forsake. 
A-ban'doned, p. a. forsaken ; very wicked. 
A-ban'don-er, n. one who abandons. 
A-ban'don-ment, n. the act of abandoning. 

A-bfise', v. (L. ad, basis) to bring low ; 

to humble ; to depress. 
A-base'rnent,n. the state of beingbroughtlow. 

A -bash', v. (L. ad, basis ?) to make 

ashamed ; to confuse. 
A-bash'ment, n. the state of being ashamed. 

A-bate', v. (S. beaian) to lessen ; to 

lower in price ; to diminish. 
A-bate'ment, n, the act of abating; the sum 

or quantity taken away. 
A-bat'er, n. one who abates. 

Ab^ba, ?i. a Syriac word for father. 
Ab'ba-cy, n. office or privileges of an abbot. 
Ab-ba'tial, a. relating to an abbey. 
Ab'bess, n. the chief of a nunnery. 
Ab'twy, n. a monastery ; a convent. 

AbT>ot, n. the chief of an abbey. 
AbT>ey-lub-ber, n. an idle person in an abbey. 

Ab-breVi-ate, v. (L. ab, brevis) to 
shorten, — n. an abridgment. 

Ab-brO-vi-a'tion, n. the act of shortening. 

Ab-bre-vi-a'tor, n. one who abridges. 

Ab-brC'vi-a-ture, n. a mark used for shorten- 
ing ; an abridgment. 

A,B,C, n. the alphabet. 
A-be-ce-da'ri-an, n. a teacher of the alphabet. 
A-be-ce'da-ry, a. belonging to the alphabet. 

Ab'di-cate, v. (L. ab, dico) to give up 

right ; to resign ; to renounce. 
Ab'di-cant, a giving up ; renouncing. 
Ab-di-ca'tion, n. the act of abdicating. 

Ab-do'men, n. (L.) the lower part of 

the belly. 
Ab-dom'i-nal, a. relating to the abdomen. 
Ab-dom'i-nous, a. having a large belly. 

Ab-duce', v. (L. ab, duco) to draw 

away ; to separate. 
Ab-diVcent, a. drawing away. 
Ab-duc'tion, n. a carrying away. 
Ab-duc'tor, n. a muscle that draws back. 

A -bed', ad. (a, bed) in bed ; on the bed. 

Ab-er'rance, Ab-er'ran-cy, n. (L. a b, 

erro) a wandering from the right way. 
Ab-cr-ra'tion, n. the act of wandering. 
Ab-er'ring, p. a. wandering ; going astray. 

A -bet', v. (S. betan) to encourage ; to 

set on ; to aid. 
A-bet'ment, n. the act of abettinsr. 
A-bet'ter, A-bet'tor, n. one who abets. 

A-bey'auce, n. (Fr. buyer ?) something 
in reversion, but not in possession. 

Fate, fat, far, fall ; me, mot, there, her ; pine, pin, field, fir ; note, not, nor, move, son ; 
tube, tab, full; cry, crypt, myrrh ; toil, bdy, Our, nOw, new ; cede, gem, raise, c^ist, tLin. 




Ab-hor', v. (L. ab, horreo) to hate bit- 
terly ; to detest ; to abominate. 

Ab-hor'rence, Ab-hoVren-cy, n. the act of 
abhorring ; extreme hatred. 

Ab-hor'rent, a. struck with abhorrence ; 
odious ; contrary to ; inconsistent with. 

Ab-hor'rer, n. one who abhors. 

A-bide', v. (S. abidari) to stay in a 
place ; to dwell ; to wait for ; to support 
or endure : p. t. and p. p. a-b6de'. 

A-bld'anqe, n. continuance ; stay. 

A-bld'er/n. one who abides. 

A-bid'ing, n. continuance ; stay. 

A-bode', n. a dwelling-place ; stay. 

A-MLl-ty. See under Able. 

Ab-ject', v. (L. ab, jactum) to throw 

away ; to cast down. 
Abject, a. mean; worthless; base. — n. one 

without hope. 
Ab-jec'ted-ness, n. the state of being abject. 
Ab-jec'tion, n. meanness of mind. 
Ab'ject-ly, ad. in an abject manner. 
Ab'ject-ness, n. meanness ; servility. 

Ab-jure', v. (L. ab, juro) to renounce 

upon oath ; to retract ; to abandon. 
Ab-ju-ra'tion, n. the act of abjuring. 

Ab-lac-ta'tion, n. (L. ab, lac) a mode 
of grafting. 

Ab-la-que-a'tion, n. (L. ab, laqueo) 
the act of opening the ground about the 
roots of trees. 

Ab-la'tion, n. (L. ab, latum) a taking 
w away ; a depriving. 

Abla-tive, a. that takes away : applied to the 
sixth case of the Latin noun. 

A'ble, a. (S. abal) having strength 

or power ; skilful ; sufficient. 
A-bll'i-ty, n. power ; capacity ; qualification : 
_ pi. the powers of the mind. 
A'ble-ness, n. power of body. 
A'bly, ad. with ability. 
A'ble-bSd-ied, a. strong of body. 

Ab-le-ga'tion, n. (L. ab, lego) a send- 
ing away ; a dismission. 

Ab-lude', v. (L. ab, ludo) to be unlike. 

Ab'lu-ent, a. (L. ab, luo) cleansing. 
Ab-lu'tion, n. the act of cleansing. 

AVne-gate, v, (L. ab, nego) to deny. 
Ab-ne-ga'tion, n. denial ; renunciation. 
AVne-ga-tor, n. one who denies. 

A-board', ad. (a, board) in a ship. 

A-bode r . See under Abide. 

A-bode', v. (S. bodian) to foretoken. 
A-bod'an^e, n. an omen. 
A-bod^ment, n. a secret anticipation. 
A-bod r ing, n. presentiment. 

A-b6Tish, v. (L. ab, oleo) to annul ; to 

repeal ; to destroy ; to make void. 
A-borish-ment, n. the act of abolishing. 
Ab-o-lr'tion, n. the act of abolishing. 
Ab-o-ll'tion-ist, n. one who seeks to abolish. 

A-bom'i-nate, v. (L. ab, omen) to ab- 
hor ; to detest ; to hate utterly. 

A-b6m'i-na-ble, a. detestable ; unclean* 
A-bam / i-na-ble-ness, n. hatefulness. 
A-b6m r i-na-bly, ad. hatefully ; detestably. 
A-bdm-i-na'tion, n. detestation ; pollution. 

Ab-o-rl^'i-nes, n. (L.) the earliest in- 
„ habitants of a country. 
Ab-o-rlg'i-nal, a. primitive ; pristine. 

A-bor'tion, n. (L. ab, ortus) untimely 

birth; miscarriage. 
A-bor'tive, a. untimely ; premature. 
A-bor'tive-ly, ad. immaturely ; untimely. 
A-bor / tive-ness, n. the state of abortion. 
A-b6rt r ment, n. an untimely birth. 

A-bound', v. (L. ab, unda) to have or 

be in great plenty. 
A-bSund'ing, n. increase. 
A-bun r dance, n. great plenty. 
A-bunMant, a. very plentiful. 
A-btin'dant-ly, ad. in great plenty. 

A-boiit', prep. (S. abutari) round ; near 
to ; concerning. — ad. circularly ; nearly. 

A-bove', prep. (S. abufan) higher in 
place or power ; more than. — ad. overhead ; 
in the regions of heaven. 

Ab-ra-ca-daVra, n. a superstitious 
charm against agues. 

Ab-rade', v. (L. ab, rado) to rub off. 
Ab-ra^ion, n. the act of rubbing off. 

A-breast', ad. (a, breast) side by side. 

Ab-re-noimce 7 , v. (L. ab, re, nuncio) 
w to disown ; to disclaim. 
Ab-re-nun-ci-a'tion, n. the act of renouncing. 

Ab-rep'tion, n. (L. ab, raptum) the 
state of being carried away. 

A-bridge', v. (Fr. abreger) to make 
shorter ; to contract ; to diminish. 

A-brldg'er, n. one who abridges. 

A-brldg'ment, n. the contraction of a work 
into a smaller compass ; a summary. 

A-broach'jV. (S. a, brecan) to tap ; to set 
abroach.— -ad. in a posture to let out liquor. 

A-broad', ad. (S. brad) from home ; 
in another country ; widely. 

Ab'ro-gate, v. (L. ab, rogo) to repeal ; 

to annul.-- -p. a. annulled. ' 
Ab-ro-ga'tion, n. the act of repealing. 

Ab-rupt 7 , a. (L. ab, ruptum) broken ; 

craggy ; sudden ; unconnected. 
Ab-rup'tion, n. a sudden breaking off. 
Ab-rtipt'ly, ad. suddenly ; hastily. 
Ab-rupfness, n. suddenness ; haste. 

Ab'scess, n. (L. abs, cessum) a tumour 
filled with purulent matter. 

Ab-scind', v. (L. ab, scindo) to cut off. 
Ab'sclss, Ab-scls'sa, n. part of the diameter 

of a conic section. 
Ab-sclffion, n. the act of cutting off- 

Ab-scond', v. (L. abs, condo) to hide 
one's self ; to retire from public view. 

Ab-sctind'er, n. one who absconds. 

Ab-sent', v. (L. abs, ens) to keep away ; 
to withdraw. 

Fate, fat, far, fall ; me, m£t, there, her ; pine, pin, field, fir ; note, n6t, nor, m6ve, s6n; 




Al/sent, a. not present ; inattentive. 
Ab'sence, n. the state of being absent. 
Ab-sen-tee', n. one absent from his station, 

employment, or country. 
Ab-sen-teg'ipi, n. the practice of being away. 
Ab-s6nt'er, n. one absent from dut}\ 
Ab-sent'nient, n. the state of being absent. 

Ab-sfa'thi-an, a. (L. absinthium) of the 
nature of wormwood. 

Absolve', v. (L. a6, so^'o) to free from ; 

to clear ; to acquit. 
Ab-^olv'er, n. one who absolves. 
Ab'so-lQte, a. complete ; unconditional; not 

limited ; positive ; certain ; arbitrary. 
Ab'so-lute-ly, ad. completely ; positively. 
Ab'so-lute-ness, n. completeness; despotism. 
Ab-so-lu'tion, n. the act of absolving. 
Ab'sol-u-to-ry, a. that absolves. 

Ab'so-nant, a. (L. ab, sono) contrary 

w to reason ; absurd. 

Ab'so-nous, a. disagreeing ; discordant. 

Ab-sorb', v. (L. ab, sorbeo) to suck up ; 

to imbibe : p. p. ab-sorbed' or ab-sorpt'. 
Ab-sor'bent, a. sucking up. — n. a substance 

that sucks up. 
Ab-sorp'tion, n. the act of sucking up. 

Ab-stain', v. (L. abs, teneo) to refrain 

from ; to forbear. 
Ab-sten'tion, n. the act of holding off. 
Ab'sti-nen^e, n. a refraining from ; fasting. 
Ab'sti-nent, a. practising abstinence. 
Ab'sti-nent-ly, ad. with abstinence. 

Ab-ste'mi-ous, a. (L. abs, temetum) 

temperate ; abstinent. 
Ab-ste'mi-ous-ly, ad. temperately ; soberly. 
Ab-ste'nii-ous-ness, n. the being abstemious. 

Ab-ster^e', v. (L. abs, tergeo) to wipe. 
Ab-ster'gent, a. having a cleansing quality. 
Ab-sters'e', v. to cleanse ; to purify. 
Ab-ster'sion, n. the act of cleansing. 
Ab-ster'sive,a.having the quality of cleansing. 
Ab-steYsive-ness, h. the quality of cleansing. 

Ab-stract', v. (L. abs, tr actum) to draw 
from ; to separate ; to abridge. 

Ab'stract, a. separate ; existing in the mind 
only. — n. an abridgment. 

Ab-stract'ed, p. a. separated; refined. 

Ab-stract'ed-ly, ad. simply ; by itself. 

Ab-stract'ed-ness,n. state of being abstracted. 

Ab-stract'er, n. one who abstracts. 

Ab-strac'tion, n. the act of abstracting ; ab- 
sence of mind ; inattention. 

Ab-stract'ly, ad. in an abstract manner. 

Ab-stract'ness, n. a separate state. 

Ab-struse r , a. (L. abs, trusum) hidden ; 

obscure ; difficult. 
Ab-struse'ly, ad. obscurely ; not plainly. 
Ab-struse'ness, n. obscurity ; difficulty. 
Ab-stru'si-ty, n. that which is abstruse. 

Ab-sume', v. (L. ab, sumo) to take 
away wholly ; to destroy. 

Ab-sump'tion, n. destruction. 

Ab-siird', a. (L. ab, surdus) unreason- 
able ; inconsistent. 

Ab-sur'di-ty, n. the quality of being absurd ; 
that which is absurd. 

Ab-surd'ly, ad. unreasonably; injudiciously. 

Ab-surd'ness, n. the' quality of being absurd, 
A-bun'dant. See under Abound. 

A-buse', v. (L. ab,usum)to make an ill 
use of; to impose upon ; to revile. 

A-buse', n. ill use ; a corrupt practice ; rude 
reproach ; contumely. 

A-bu'§a~ble, a. that may be abused. 

A-bu'ser, n. one who abuses. 

A-bQ'sive, a. containing or practising abuae. 

A-bu'sive-ly, ad. in an abusive manner. 

A-bu'sive-ness,n.the quality of being abusive. 

A-but', v. (Fr. a, bout) to end at ; to 

border upon ; to meet. 
A-bQt'ment, n. that which borders upon. 
A-but'tal, n. the boundary of land. 

A-bysm', A-byss', n. (Gr. a, bussos) a 
fathomless depth ; a gulf. 

A-ca/ci-a, n. (L.) a shrub ; a drug. 

Ac'a-deme, n. (Gr. akademos) one of 
the ancient schools of philosophy ; a learn- 
ed society. 

A-cad'e-my, n. a society for the promotion of 
science or art ; a place of education. 

Ac-a-de'mi-an, n. a member of an academy. 

Ac-a-dem'ic, a. relating to an academy.— 
n. an academic philosopher ; a student. 

Ac-a-dem'i-cal, a. belonging to an academy. 

A-cad-e-ml^ian, n. a member of an academy. 

A-cad'e-mi^ni, n. the academical philosophy. 

A-cad'e-mist, n. a member of an academy. 

A-can'thus, n. (L.) a prickly shrub. 
A-can'thine, a. pertaining to acanthus. 

Ac-cede\ v. (L. ad, cedo) to agree to. 

Ac-ress', n. approach ; admission ; increase. 

Ac'ees-sa-ry, Ac'ces-so-ry, a. joined to ; con- 
tributing ; additional.— n. one who helps 
to commit a crime. 

Ac'ces-sa-ri-ness, H, state of being accessary. 

Ac-fCs'si-hle. a. that may be approached. 

Ac-cgs-si-bll'i-ty, n. the being accessible. 

Ac-ceVsion, n. the act of coming to ; addition. 

Ac-ces-so'ri-al, a. pertaining to an accessory. 

Ac-ceTer-ate, v. (L. ad, celer) to hast- 
en ; to quicken ; to increase the speed of. 
Ac-^el-er-a'tion, n. the act of hastening. 
Ae-^eTer-a-tive, a. increasing the speed. 

Ac-cend', v. (L. ad, candeo) to kindle ; 

to set on fire ; to inflame. 
Ac-c£n'sion, n. the act of kindling. 

Ac'cent, n. (,cantum) the manner 
of speaking ; the stress of the voice on a 
syllable or word : a mark to direct the mo- 
dulation of the voice. 

Accent', v. to express or note the accent. 

Ac-£tmt'u-al, a. relating to accent. 

Ac-?ent-u-a'tion, n. the act of placiug the 
accent ; marking the accent. 

Ac-cept', v. (L. ad, captum) to take ; 

^ to receive ; to admit. 

Ac / cep-ta-ble, a. likely to be accepted ; agree- 

^ able ; pleasing. 

Ac'^ep-ta-ble-ness, Ac-^ep-ta-biri-ty, n. the 
quality of being acceptable. 

Ac^ep-ta-bly, ad. in an acceptable manner. 

Ac-cep'tanfe, n. reception with approba- 

tube, tub, fall ; cry, crypt, myrrh ; toil, b6y, Our, now, new ; cede, gem, raife, exist, thin. 




Ac-9ep-ta'tion, n. reception ; the meaning of 

a word, as it is commonly received. 
Ac-cept'er, n. one who accepts. 

Access'. See under Accede. 

Ac'ci-dent, n. (L. ad, cado) a property 
or quality not essential; an unforeseen 
event ; casualty ; chance. 

Ac'ci-dence, n. a book containing the first 

„ rudiments of grammar. 

Ac-ci-dent'al, a. not essential ; unforeseen ; 

„ casual. — n. a property not essential. 

Ac-ci-dent'al-ly, ad. by chance ; casually. 

Ac-claim', v. (L. ad, clamo) to ap- 
- plaud, — n. loud applause. 
Ac-cla-ma'tion, n. a shout of applause. 

Ac-cliv'i-ty, n. (L. ad, clivus) steep- 
ness reckoned upwards. 

Ac-co-lade', n. (L. ad, collurri) a cere- 
mony used in conferring knighthood. 

Ac-com'ino-date, v. (L. ad, con, modus) 
to supply with conveniences ; to fit ; to ad- 
just. — a. suitable ; fit. 

Ac-cOm'mo-da-ble, a. that may be fitted. 

Ac-cOm'mo-date-ly, ad. suitably ; fitly. 

Ac-com'mo-date-ness, n. fitness. 

Ac-cOm-mo-da'tion, n. provision of conveni- 
ences ; fitness ; reconciliation. 

Ac-c6m'mo-da-tor, who accommodates. 

Ac-com'pa-ny, v. (L. ad, con, panis ?) 
to go with ; to join with. 

Ac-eom'pa-ni-ment, n. that which accom- 
panies, or is added as an ornament. 

Ac-com'plice, n. (L. ad, con, plico) an 
associate in crime ; a partner. 

Ac-com'plish, v. (L. ad, con, pleo) to 
complete ; to fulfil ; to obtain ; to adorn 
or furnish the mind or body. 

Ac-cOm'plished, p. a. complete in some qua- 
lification ; elegant. 

Ac-cOm'plish-er, n. one who accomplishes. 

Ac-com'plish-ment, n. completion ; full per- 
formance ; ornament of mind or body. 

Ac-compt'. See Account. 

Ac-cord', v. (L. ad, cor) to agree ; to 
harmonize. — n. agreement ; union ; will. 

Ac-cord'ance, n. agreement ; conformity. 

Ac-cord'ant, a. consonant ; corresponding. 

Ac-cord'ing-ly, ad. agreeably ; conformably. 

Ac-cord' in g-to, prep, agreeably to ; with re- 
gard to ; in proportion. 

Ac-cor'po-rate, u. (L. ad, corpus) to 

Ac-cost', v. (L. ad, costa) to speak to 

first ; to address. 
Ac-cOst'a-ble, a. easy of access ; familiar. 

Ac-cou-cheur', ac-cu-sheur', n. (Fr.) a 
man who assists women in childbirth. 

Ac-count', n. (L. ad, con, puto) a reck- 
oning ; narration ; regard ; advantage. — reckon ; to assign the causes ; to esteem. 

Ac-c6unt'a-ble, a. liable to account. 

Ac-count-a-bll'i-ty, n. liability to give ac- 
count ; responsibility. 

Ac-count'a-ble-ness,?*. the being accountable. 

Ac-cOunt'airt, n. one employed in accounts. 

Ac-count'ing,n. the reckoning up of accounts. 
Ac-c6unt'b66k, n. a book containing ac- 

Ac-couple, u. (L. ad, copulo) to join 


Ac-cou'tre, v. (Fr. accoutrer) to equip. 
Ac-cou'tre-ment, n. equipage; trappings. 

Ac-cred'it, v. (L. ad, credo) to procure 

credit or honour to. 
Ac-crCd-i-ta'tion, n. the giving of credit. 

Ac-cres'cent, a. (L. ad,cresco) growing 

to ; increasing. 
Ac-crg'tion, n. the act of growing to. 
Ac-creative, a. increasing by growth.', v. (Fr. a croc) to draw to ; 
to take what is another's. 

Ac-crue', v. (Fr. a, cru) to be added 

to ; to arise from. 
Ac-cru'ment, n. addition ; increase. 

Ac-cu-ba'tion, n. (L. ad, cubo) a lying 

or reclining. 
Ac-cum'ben-cy, n. the state of reclining. 
Ac-cum'bent, a. leaning or reclining. 

Ac-cu'mu-late, v. (L. ad, cumulus) to 

heap up ; to increase. — a. heaped up. 
Ac-cu-mu-la'tion, n. a heaping up ; a heap. 
Ac-cu'mu-la-tive, a. that accumulates. 
Ac-cu'mu-la-tor, n. one who accumulates. 

Ac'cu-ra-cy, n. (L. ad, cur a) correct- 

w ness ; exactness ; nicety. 
Ac'cu-rate, a. correct ; exact ; precise. 
Ac'cu-rate-ly, ad. correctly ; exactly. 
Ac'cu-rate-ness, n. exactness ; nicety. 

Ac-curse', v. (S. cursian) to doom to 

misery ; to imprecate evil upon. 
Ac-curs'ed, a. doomed ; execrable. 

Ac-cuse', v. (L. ad, causa) to charge 

with a crime ; to blame. 
Ac-cu'sa-ble, a. that may be accused. 
Ac-cu'sant, n. one who accuses. 
Ac-cu-§a'tion, n. the act of accusing ; a charge. 
Ac-cu'sa-tive, a. accusing: applied to the 

fourth case of the Latin noun. 
Ac-cu'sa-to-ry, a. containing an accusation. 
Ac-cus/er, n. one who accuses. 

Ac-ciis'tom, v. (L. ad,con,suetum) to 

make familiar by use ; to habituate. 
Ac-cus'tom-a-ble, a. of long custom. 
Ac-cus'tom-a-bly, ad. according to custom. 
Ac-cus'tom-a-ry, a. usually done ; common. 
Ac-cus'tom-a-ri-ly, ad. usually ; commonly. 
Ac-cus'tomed, a. frequent ; usual. 

Age, n. (L. as) a unit ; a single point 

on cards or dice. 
A-ceTda-ma, n. (H.) a field of blood. 

A-ceph'a-list, n. (Gr. a, kephale) one 
who owns no head or superior. 

A-cer'bi-ty, n. (L. acerbus) sourness ; 

roughness ; severity. 

A-ces'cent. See under Acid. 

Ache, n. (S. cece) a continued pain. 
— v. to be in pain. 

Fate, I**, far, fall; mc, met, there, her; pine, pin, field, fir; note, n6t, nor, move, s6nj 




Achieve', v. (Fr. a, chef) to per-! 

form ; to finish ; to gain ; to obtain. 
A-iphieVa-ble, a. that may be achieved. 
A-chieVanpe, n. a performance. 
A-9hieve'ment, n. a performance ; an action ; 

an escutcheon. 
A-chieVer, n. one who achieves. 

A'chor, n. (Gr.) scald head. 

Ach-ro-mat'ic, a. (Gr. a, chroma) pre- 
venting the effect of colours. 

Ac/id, a. (L. acidus) sour ; sharp to the 
taste. — n. a sour, sharp substance. 

A-cId'i-ty, n. sourness ; sharpness. 

A-^Id'u-lae, n. pi. medicinal springs impreg- 
nated with acid. 

A-9td'u-late, v. to tinge with acids. 

A-cId'u-lous, a. sourish. 

A-ceVcent, a. tending to sourness. 

A-^e'tous, a. having the quality of vinegar. 

Ac-knowred£e,ak-nol'edge, v. (S. cna- 
wan, lecgan) to own ; to confess. 

Ac-kn6wredg-ment, n. concession ; recogni- 
tion ; confession ; gratitude. 

Ac'me, n. (Gr.) the highest point. 

A-col'o-thist, Ac'o-lyte, n. (Gr. ako- 
louthos) a servitor in the Romish church. 

Ac'o-nite, n. (Gr. akoniton) the herb 
wolfsbane ; poison. 

A'corn, n. (S. ac, corn) the fruit or 
_ seed of the oak. 
A'corned, a. fed with acorns. 

A-cou'stic, a. (Gr. akouo) relating to 
hearing, or the doctrine of sounds. 

A-cou'stics, n. pi. the theory of sounds ; medi- 
cines or instruments to help the hearing. 

Ac-quaint', v. (L. ad, con, notum ?) to 

make familiar with ; to inform. 
Ac-quaint'ance, n. familiarity ; knowledge ; 

a person whom we know. 
Ac-quaint'ed, p. a. familiar with ; well known. 

Ac-quest'. See under Acquire. 

Ac-qui-esce', v. (L. ad, quies) to rest 

in ; to remain satisfied with ; to comply. 
Ac-qui-eVcenye, n. consent ; compliance. 
Ac-qui-eYcent, a. easy ; submitting. 

Ac-quire', v. ( L. ad, qucero) to gain ; 

to obtain ; to come to ; to attain. 
Ac-quir'a-ble, a. that may be acquired. 
Ac-quired', p. a. gained ; obtained. 
Ac-quire / ment, it. that which is acquired. 
Ac-qui-§I'tion, n. tne act of acquiring or 

gaining ; the tning acquired. 
Ac-quls'i-tive, a. that is acquired. 
Ae-quls/i-tive-ly, ad. by acquirement. 
Ac-quest', n. the thing" gained; attachment. 

Ac-quit', t>.(L.err/,Fr. quitter) tosetfree ; 

to clear from ; to discharge. 
Ac-qult'ment, n. the act of acquitting. 
Ac-qult'tal, n. deliverance from a charge. 
Ac-quit' tan ce, n. discharge from a debt. 

A'cra-sy, n. (Gr. a, krasis) excess ; 
_ irregularity. 

A'cre, n. (S. cecer) a piece of land con- 
taining 4840 square yards. 

A'cred, a. possessing acres. 

Ac'rid, a. (L. acer) hot and biting to 
„ the taste ; bitter ; pungent. 
Ae-ri-mo'ni-ous, a. sharp ; bitter. 
Ac'ri-mo-ny, n. sharpness ; severity.. 
Ac'ri-tude, n. an acrid taste. 

Ac-ro-a-mat'ic, Ac-ro-a-mat'i-cal, a, 
( Gr.afcr0a#ma£)pertaining to deep learning. 

A-cron'y-cal, a. (Gr. akros, nuoc) ris- 
ing when the sun sets, or setting when the 
sun rises. 

A-cron'y-eal-ly, ad. at the acronycal time. 

Ac'ro-spire, n. (Gr. akros, speira) a 
^ shoot or sprout from the end of seeds. 
Ac'ro-splred, a. having sprouts. 

A-cross', ad. (a, cross), athwart ; from 
side to side. 

A-cros'tic, n. (Gr. akros, stichos) a 
poem of which the first letters of the lines 
make up some name. — a. relating to an 
acrostic ; containing an acrostic. 

A-cr6s'ti-cal-ly, ad. in the manner of an 

Act, v. (L. actum) to be in action ; to 
perform ; to imitate. — n. a deed ; an ex- 
ploit ; a decree ; a part of a play. 

Acting, n. the act of performing. 

Ac'tion, n. state of acting ; a deed ; opera- 

tion; gesticulation ; battle ; a lawsuit. 
Ac'tion-a-ble, a. liable to an action at law. 
Ac'ti-vate, v. to make active. 
Ac'tive, a. busy ; nimble; quick. 
Ac'tive-ly, ad. in an active manner ; busily. 
Ac'tive-ness, n. quickness ; nimbleness. 
Ac-tlv'i-ty, n. the quality of being active. 
Act'less, a. without spirit ; insipid. 
Ac'tor, n. one who acts ; a stage-player. 
Ac'tress, n. a female stage-player. 
Ac'tu-al, a. real ; true ; certain. 
Ac-tu-al'i-ty, n. the state of being actual. 
Ac'tu-al-ly, ad. really ; in fact. 
Ac'tu-a-ry, n. a registrar or clerk. 
Ac'tu-ate, v. to put in action. — a. put in action. 
Ac-tu-a'tion,n.the state of being put in action. 

A-cfite', a. (L. acuo) sharp; ingeni- 

_ ous ; penetrating. 

Ac'u-ate, v. to sharpen. — a. sharpened. 

A-cu'i-ty, 7i. sharpness at the point. 

A-cu'le-ate, a. having a point ; prickly. 

A-cu'men, n. a sharp point; quickness of 
intellect ; discernment. 

A-cu'mi-nate, v. to rise to a point. — a. end- 
ing in a point ; sharp-pointed. 

A-cu'rai-na-ted, a. ending in a point. 

A-cu-nii-na'tion,n. a sharp point ; quickness. 

A-cQte'ly, ad~ sharply ; ingeniously ; keenly. 

A-cute'ness, n. sharpness; quickness. 

Ad'age, n. (L. adagium) a proverb. 
A-da'gi-al, a. proverbial. 

A-da'gi-o, n. (It.) in music, a slow time . 

Ad'a-mant, n. (Gr. adamas) a very 
^ hard stone ; a diamond. 
Ad-a-man-te'an, a. hard as adamant. 
Ad-a-man'tine, a. made of adamant ; hard. 

A-dapt', v. (L. ad, apto) to fit one 
thing to another ; to suit ; to proportion. 

tube, tub, full ; cry, crypt, myrrh ; tdll, b6y, 6ur, n6w, new ; cede, gem, raise, exist, thin. 




Ad-ap-ta'tion, n. the act of fitting ; fitness. 
A-dap'tion, n. the act of fitting. 

Add, v. (L. ad, do) to join to ; to in- 

w crease ; to augment ; to enlarge. 
Ad'di-ble, a. that may be added. 
Ad-di-bll'i-ty, n. possibility of being added. 
Ad-dlt'a-ment, n. the thing added. 
Ad-dl'tion, n. the act of adding; the thing 

added ; a rule for adding sums together. 
Ad-dl'tion-al, a. that is added. 
Ad-dl'tion -al-ly, ad. in addition to. 
Ad-dl'tion-a-ry, a. that may be added. 
Ad'di-to-ry, a. having the power of adding. 
Ad-den'dum, n. something to be added ; an 

appendix : pi. ad-den'da. 

jkd' der, nXS.ncedre) a venomous reptile. 

Ad'dice, Adz, n. (S. adese) a cutting 
iron tool ; a kind of axe. 

Ad-dict', v. (L. ad, dico) to give up 

to ; to devote ; to dedicate. 
Ad-dlc'ted-uess, n. the state of beingaddicted. 
Ad-dlc'tion, n. the act of devoting. 

Ad'dle, a. (S. ad!) barren ; empty. — 
M v. to make barren ; to corrupt. 
Ad'dle-head-ed, Ad'dle-pat-ed, a. having bar- 
ren brains ; of weak intellect. 

Ad-dress', v. (L. ad, di, rego ?) to speak 
or apply to. — n. a speaking to ; application ; 
courtship ; dexterity ; direction of a letter. 

Ad-drSss'er, n. one who addresses. 

Ad-duce', v. (L. ad,duco) to bring for- 
ward ; to allege. 
Ad-du'cent, a. bringing forward. 
Ad-duc'tion, n. the act of bringing forward. 
Ad-due'tive, a. that brings forward. 

Ad-e-lan-ta'do, n. (Sp.) a governor of 
a province ; a lieutenant-governor. 

A-dept', n. (L. ad, aptum) one skilled 
in any art. — a. skilful ; thoroughly versed. 
A-dep'tion, n. attainment ; acquisition. 

Ad'e-quate, a. (,cequus) equal to ; 

w proportionate ; sufficient. 
Ad'e-qua-yy, n. sufficiency. 
Ad'e-quate-ly, ad. in an adequate manner. 
Ad'e-quate-ness, n. state of being adequate. 

Ad-here', v. (L. ad, hcereo) to stick to ; 

to remain fixed or firm. 
Ad-her'enee, Ad-her'en-cy, n. the quality of 

adhering ; attachment ; tenacity ; fidelity. 
Ad-her'ent, a. sticking to ; united with. — n. 

a follower ; a partisan. 
Ad-her'er, n. one who adheres. 
Ad-he^ion, n. the act or state of sticking to. 
Ad-he'sive, a. sticking ; tenacious. 
Ad-he'sive-ness, n. stickiness ; tenacity. 

Ad-hib'it, v. (L. ad, habeo) to apply ; 

^ to make use of. 

Ad-hi-bl'tion, n. application ; use. 

Ad-hor-ta/tion, n. (L. ad, hortor) the 

act of advising ; advice. 
Ad-hor'ta-to-ry, a. containing advice. 

Ad-i-aph'o-rous, a. (Gr. a, dia, phero) 
indifferent ; neutral. 

A-dieu', int. (Fr. a Dieu) farewell. 

Ad i-pose, Ad'i-pous, a. (L. adeps) fat. 
Ad'i-po-c<5re, n. & greasy or waxy substance 
formed from dead animal bodies. 

Ad'it, n. (L. ad, itum) a passage for 
water under ground ; an entrance. 

Ad-ja'cent, a. (L. ad,jaceo) lying near 

or close ; contiguous. 
Ad-ja'cen-cy, n. the state of lying close to. 

Au-ject', v. (L. ad,jactum) to add to. 
Ad-jec'tion, n. the act' of adding to. 
Ad-jec-tl'tious, a. additional. 
Ad'jec-tive, n. a word added to a noun to ex- 
_ press some quality or circumstance. 
Ad'jec-tive-ly, ad. like an adjective. 

Ad-jom', v. (L. ad,jungo) to join to ; 

w to be contiguous to. 

Ad'junct, n. something united to another. — 
a. added to ; united with. 

Ad-journ 7 , v. (Fr. a, jour) to put off till 
another time ; to defer ; to delay. 

Ad-journ'ment, n. a putting off till another 
time ; delay ; intermission. 

Ad-jiid^e', v. (L. ad, judex) to sen- 
tence ; to decree ; to decide. 
Ad-judg'ment, n. the act of judging. 
Ad-ju/di-cate, v. to sentence ; to decree. 
Ad-ju-di-ca'tion, n. the act of adjudicating. 

Ad-jiire', v. (L. ad, juro) to impose 
„ an oath ; to charge solemnly. 
Ad-ju-ra'tion, n. the act of charging solemnly. 

Ad-just', v. (L. ad, jus) to put in or- 
der ; to regulate ; to adapt. 

Ad-jtist'er, n. one who adjusts. 

Ad-just'ment, n. the act of putting in order; 
regulation; settlement. 

Ad-ju'tor, n. (L. ad, jutum) a helper. 
Ad'ju-ment, n. help ; support. 
Ad'ju-tan-£y, n. the office of an adjutant. 
Ad'ju-tant, n. an officer who assists the major. 
Ad'ju-vant, a. helpful ; useful. 

Ad-meas'ure-ment, n. (L. ad, metior) 
the act* of measuring according to rule ; 
dimensions ; adjustment of proportions. 

Ad-min'is-ter, v. (L. ad, minister) to 
„ serve ; to supply ; to manage. 
Ad-min-is-tra'tion, n. the act of administer- 
ing ; the executive part of government. 
Ad-mln'is-tra-tive, a. that administers. 
Ad-min-is-tra'tor, n. one who administers. 
Ad-min-is-tra'trix, n. a female who admi- 
Ad'mi-ral, n. (Fr. amiral) the chief 
„ commander of a fleet. 
Ad'mi-ral-ty, n. the power or officers ap- 
pointed to administer naval affairs. 

Ad-mire' v. (L. ad, miror) to regard 

with wonder or love. 
Ad'mi-ra-ble, a. worthy of being admired. 
Ad'mi-ra-ble-ness, n. state of being admirable. 
Ad'mi-ra-bly, ad. so as to raise wonder. 
Ad-mi-ra'tion,?*. the act of admiring ; wonder. 
Ad-mlr'er, n. one who admires ; a lover. 
Ad-mir'ing-ly, ad. in an admiring manner. 

Ad-mit', v. (L. ad, mitto) to give leave 
to enter ; to allow ; to grant. 

Fate, fat, far, fall; me, m£t, there, her; pine, pin, field, fir; note, n5t, nor, move, son* 




Ad-mls'si-ble, a. that may be admitted. 
Ad-mls'sion, n. the act of admitting. 
Ad-mlt'ta-ble, a. that may be admitted. 
Ad-mlt/tance, n. permission to enter. 
Ad-mlt'ter, n. one who admits. 

Ad-mixt'ion, n. (L. ad, mixtum) the 

union of one body with another. 
Ad-mlx'ture, n. the substance mingled. 

Ad-mon'ish, v. (L. ad, moneo) to warn ; 

to exhort ; to reprove gently. 
Ad-m6n'ish-er, n. one who admonishes. 
Ad-mon'ish-ment, n. notice of faults or duties. 
Ad-mo-nl'tion, n. the hint of a fault or duty ; 

counsel ; gentle reproof. 
Ad-mo-nl'tion-er, n. a general adviser. 
Ad-mOn'i-tive, a. that admonishes. 
Ad-mon'i-tor, ?». one who admonishes. 
Ad-m5n'i-to-ry, a. that admonishes. 

Ad-nas'cent, a. (L. ad, nascor) grow- 

ing upon something else. 
Ad'nate, a. growing upon. 

jh.&'noim,n.(,?iomen) an adjective. 

A-do', n. (a, do ?) trouble ; bustle. 

Ad-o-les'cence, Ad-o-les'cen-cy, n. (L. 

_ ad, ota^'the'state of growing; youth. 
Ad-o-leYcent, a. growing to manhood. 

A-dopt', r. (L. ad, opto) to take as a 
son or daughter ; to receive as one's own. 
A-dopt'ed-ly, ad. in the manner of adoption. 
A-dop'tion, n. the act of adopting. 
A-dop'tive, a. that adopts or is adopted. 

A-dore', v. (L. ad, oro) to worship with 

external homage ; to love intensely. 
A-dor'a-ble, a. worthy of adoration. 
Ad-o-ra'tion, n. divine worship; homage. 
A-dur'er, n. one who adores. 

A-dorn', v. (L. ad, orno) to dress ; to 

deck ; to embellish. 
A-dorn'ing, n. ornament ; decoration. 
A-dorn'ment, n. ornament ; embellishment. 

A-drTft', ad. (S. adrifan) floating at 
random ; moving without direction. 

A-droit', a. (Fr. a, droit) dexterous ; 

skilful ; active ; ingenious. 
A-droTt'ly, ad. dexterously ; cleverly. 
A-drOIt'ness, n. dexterity ; skill ; readiness. 

A~dry', a. (S. adrigan) thirsty. 

Ad-sci-ti'tious, a. (L. ad, scitum) ad- 
ditional ; supplemental. 

Ad-stric'tion, n. (L. ad, strictum) the 
act of binding together. 

Ad-u-la'tion, n. (L. adulor) flattery. 
Ad'u-la-to-ry, a. flattering. 

A-diilt', a. (L. ad ultwri) grown up. — 
n. a person grown up. 

A-dul'ter-ate, v. (L. ad, alter) to cor- 
rupt ; to debase. — a. corrupted ; debased. 

A-dul-ter-a'tion, n. the act of adulterating. 

A-dul'ter-er, n. a man guilty of adultery. 

A-dul'ter-ess, n. a woman guilty of adultery. 

A-dul'ter-ine, n. a child born of an adulteress. 
— a. spurious. 

A-dul'ter-ous, a. guilty of adultery. 

A-dul'ter-ous-ly, err?, in an adulterous manner. 
A-dul'ter-y, n. violation of the marriage bed. 

Ad-um'brate, v. (L. ad, umbra) to sha- 
w dow out faintly. 
Ad-uin-bra'tion, n. a shadow ; a faint sketch. 

Ad-u-na'tion, n. (L. ad, unus) the 
state of being united ; union. 

A-dun'ci-ty, n. (L. ad. uncus) crook- 
edness ; form of a hook.' 
A-d&nque', a. crooked ; hooked. 

A -dust', a. (L. ad, ustum) burnt up. 
A-dust'ed, a. burnt ; scorched ; hot. 
A-dust'ion, n. the act of burning up or drying. 

Ad-vance', v. (Fr. avant) to bring or 
go forward ; to improve ; to pay before- 
hand. — n. a going forward ; improvement. 

Ad-vance'ment, n. the act of moving forward ; 
preferment ; improvement. 

Ad-van'cer, n. one who advances. 

Ad-van'tage, n. (Fr. avant) superiori- 
ty ; benerft ; gain. — v. to benefit. 

Ad-van'tage-a-ble, a. profitable. 

Ad-van-ta'geous, a. profitable ; useful. 

Ad-van-ta'geous-ly, ad. conveniently. 

Ad-van-ta'geous-ness, n. profitableness. 

Ad-van'tage-ground, n. ground that givQs 
advantage or superiority. 

A l-vene', v. (L. ad, venio) to come to ; 

to be added to. 
Ad-ve'ni-ent, a. coming from outward causes. 
Ad'vent, n. a coming ; the coming of our 

Saviour ; a season of devotion, including 
^ the four weeks before Christmas. 
Ad-ven-tl'tious, a^ accidental ; casual, 
j Ad-vcnt'ive, a. coining from without. 
Ad-vent'u-al, a. relating to the advent. 

Ad-vent'ure, v. (L. ad, ventum) to try 

the chance ; to dare ; to risk.— n. a chance"; 

an enterprise ; a hazard. 
Ad-vent'u-rer, n. one who adventures. 
Ad-vent'u-rous, a. bold ; daring. 
Ad-vCnt'u-rous-ly, ad. boldly ; "daringly. 

Ad'verb, n. (L. ad, verbum) a word 
joined to a verb, an adjective, or another 
adverb, to qualify its meaning. 

Ad-veVbi-al, a. pertaining to an adverb. 

Ad-ver'bi-al-ly, ad. like an adverb. 

Adverse, a. (L. ad, versum) turned 
against ; contrary ; calamitous ; afflictive. 
Ad'ver-sa-ry, n. an opponent ; an enemy. 
Ad-veVsa-tive, a. noting opposition or variety. 
Ad'verse-ly, ad. oppositely ; unfortunately. 
Ad-verse'ness, n. opposition. 
Ad-veVsi-ty, n. affliction ; misfortune. 

Ad- vert', v. (L. ad, verto) to turn or 

attend to ; to regard ; to observe. 
Ad-ver'tence, Ad-ver'ten-cy, n. attention to. 
Ad-veVtent, a. attentive ; 'heedful. 

Ad-ver-tise', v. (L. ad, verto) to in- 
form ; to 5 gi y e public notice. 

Ad-ver'ti^e-ment, n. information ; intelli- 

_ gence ; pubhc notice. 

Ad-ver-tls'er, n. one that advertises. 

Ad-ver-tls'ing, a. giving intelligence ; fur- 
nishing *or containing advertisements. 

tube, tub, full; cry, crypt, myrrh; toll, bOy, oar, nOw, new; yede, gem, raise, exist, thin. 




Ad-vise', v. (Fr. aviser) to counsel ; to 

inform ; to consult ; to deliberate. 
Ad-vlfe', n. counsel ; intelligence. 
Ad-vls'a-ble, a. prudent ; expedient ; fit. 
Ad~vi|'ed, a. prudent ; wise. 
Ad-vl|'ed-ly, ad. deliberately ; prudently. 
Ad-vls/ed-ness, n. deliberation ; prudence. 
Ad-vlse'ment, n. counsel ; information. 
Ad-vlf'er, n. one who advises. 
Ad-vi$'ing, n. counsel ; advice. 
Ad-vl'^o, n. advice ; consideration. 
Ad-vl^o-ry, a. having power to advise. 

Ad'vo-cate, v. (L. ad, voco) to plead 
for ; to support ; to defend. — n. one who 
pleads ; an intercessor ; a defender. 

Ad-vo-ca'tion, n. the act of pleading. 

Ad'vo-ca-£y, n. the act of pleading ; plea. 

Ad'vo-cate-ship, n. the duty of an advocate. 

Ad-vou'try, n. (Fr. avoutrie) adultery. 
Ad-vou'trer, n. an adulterer. 
Ad-vou'tress, n. an adulteress. 
Ad-vOu'trous, a. adulterous. 

Ad-vow'son, n. (L. ad, voveo) a right 
to present to a benefice. 

Adz. See Addice. 
^E'dlle. See Edile. 
Ae'rie. See Eyry. 

A-e'ri-al, a. (L. aer) belonging to the 
_ air ; consisting of air ; high ; lofty. 
A'er-i-form, a. having the form of air. 
A'er-o-llte, n. a meteoric stone. 
A-er-ol'o-gy, n. a description of the air. 
A-er-6m'e-ter, n. an instrument for weigh- 
_ ingair, or measuring the mean bulk of gases. 
A'er-o-naut, n. one who sails in the air. 
A-er-o-naut'ic, a. sailing in the air. 
A-er-o-sta'tion, n. the science of weighing 
the air ; aerial navigation. 

yEs-thet'ic, ^s-thet'i-cal, a. (Gr. ais- 
thetos) relating to sentiment or feeling. 

A -far' ad, (a, far) at or to a distance. 

Af fa-ble, a. (L. ad, fari) easy of man- 

ners ; courteous ; complaisant. 
Af-fa-bll'i-ty, n. courteousness ; civility. 
Af 'fa-ble-ness, n. courtesy ; condescension. 
Af'fa-bly, ad. in an affable manner. 

Af-fair', n. (L. ad, facer e) business ; 
concern ; transaction ; a rencounter. 

Af-fect',v. (L. ad, factum) to act upon ; 

to move the passions ; to aim at ; to be 

fond of ; to make a show of. 
Af-fec-ta'tion, n. false show ; pretence. 
Af-fect'ed, p. a. moved ; full of affectation. 
Af-fgct'ed-ly, ad. in an affected manner. 
Af-fect'ing, p. a. moving the feelings. 
Af-fect'ing-ly, ad. in an affecting manner. 
A f- fec'tion, n. desire; love; kindness. 
A f-f eVtion -ate, a. full of affection ; fond. 
Af-feVtion-ate-ly, ad. fondly; tenderly. 
Af-f6c'tion-ate-ness,n. fondness ; tenderness. 
Af-fSc'tioned, a. inclined ; mentally disposed. 
Af-fect'ive, a. that affects. 
Af-fect'er, n. one who affects. 

Af-fl'ance. See under Afly. 

Af-fi-da'vit, n. (L.) a written declara- 
tion on oath. 

Af-f Ined', a. (L. ad, finis) joined by 
affinity ; related to. 

Af-fln'i-ty, n. relation by marriage; con- 
nexion ; resemblance ; attraction. 

Af-firm', v. (L. ad,firmus) to declare 
positively ; to ratify ; to establish. 

Af-firm'a-ble, a. that may be affirmed. 

Af-f irm'ance, n. confirmation ; declaration. 

Af- fir-ma' tion, n. the act of affirming; de- 
claration ; averment ; ratification. 

Af-f Irm / a-tive, a. that affirms ; positive. — ». 
that which contains an affirmation. 

Af-firm'a-tive-ly, ad. positively. 

Af-firm'er, n. one who affirms. 

Af-fix', v. (L. ad, fixum) to unite to 
w the end ; to subjoin. 

Affix ,n. something added to the end of a word. 
Af-f ix'ion, n. the act of affixing. 

Af-na'tus, n. (L.) divine inspiration. 

Af-flict', v. (L. ad, flictuiri) to put to 

pain ; to grieve ; to distress. 
Af-filct'ed-ness, n. the state of being afflicted. 
Af-filc'tion, n. distress ; calamity ; misery. 
Af-filc / tive, a. painful ; calamitous. 
Af-filc'tive-ly, ad. in an afflictive manner. 

Af r flu-ence, n. (L. ad, fluo) riches ; 
_ wealth ; plenty ; abundance. 
Af 'fiu-ent, a. abundant ; wealthy ; rich. 
Af 'flux, n. that which flows to. 
Af-fiux'ion, n. the act of flowing to. 

Af-ford', v. (L. ad, forum ?) to yield ; 
to produce ; to grant ; to be able to sell ; 
to be able to bear expenses. 

Af-for'est, v. (Fr. a, fortt) to turn 

ground into forest. 
Af-fOr-es-ta'tion, n. the act of turning ground 

into forest. 

Af-fray', v. (Fr. effrayer) to terrify.^ 

n. a quarrel ; a tumult ; a disturbance. 
A-fraid', a. struck with fear ; terrified. 

Af- fright', af-frit', v. (S. frihtan) to 

alarm ; to terrify. — n. terror ; fear. 
Af-frlght'ed-ly, ad. with fear. 
Af-fright'er, n. one who frightens. 
Af-fright'ful, a. terrible ; dreadful. 
Af-fright'ment, n. fear ; terror. 

Af-fr6nt', v. (L. ad, frons) to insult ', 

to offend. — n. insult ; outrage. 
Af-front'ing, p. a. contumelious ; abusive. 
Af-front'ive, a. causing affront. 

Af-fuse', v. (L. adjusum) to pour upon. 
Af-f u'lion, n. the act of pouring upon. 

Af-fy', v. (L. ad, fido) to betroth ; to 
bind ; to trust in ; to confide. 

Af-fied r , p. a. betrothed ; joined by contract. 

Af-fl'an9e, n. a marriage contract ; confi- 
dence. — v. to betroth ; to give confidence. 

A-f ield', ad. (a, field) to or in the field. 

A-fire', ad. {a, fire) on fire. 

A-float', ad. (a, float) floating. 

A-f66t', ad. (a, foot) on foot ; in action. 

A -fore', prep. (S.foran) before; sooner 
in time. — ad. in time past ; in front. 

Fate, fat, far, fall; me, met, there, her; pine, pin, field, fir; note, not, nor, move, son; 





A-fore'go-ing, p. a. going before. 
A-fOre'hand, ad. by a previous provision. 
A-fore'men-tioned, a. mentioned before. 
A-fOre'named, a. named before. 
A-fore'said, a. said before. 
A-fore'tlme, ad. in time past. 

A-fraid'. See under Affray. 

A-fresh', ad. (a, fresh) anew ; again. 

Af'ri-can, a. belonging to Africa. — 
n. a native of Africa. 

A -front', ad. (a, front) in front. ^ 

Aft, ad. (S. aft) behind ; astern. 

After, prep, following in place or time ; be- 
hind ; according to. — ad. in succeeding time. 

After-act, n. a subsequent act. 

Af ter-a-ge§,n.pJ. succeeding times; posterity. 

After-band, n. a future band or chain. 

After-birth, n. the placenta. 

After-clap, n. a subsequent event. 

Af 'ter-c6st, n. subsequent expense. 

After-course, n. future course. 

After-crop, n. the second crop. 

After-game, n. a subsequent scheme. 

Af 'ter-llfe, n. future life. 

After-math, n. the second crop of grass. 

Af ter-mOst, a. hindmost. 

Af ter-nodn, n. time from noon till evening. 

Af ter-pain§, n. pi. pains after birth. 

After-part, n. the latter part. 

After-piece, n. a short piece after a play. 

After-proof, n. posterior evidence. 

After-state, n. the future state. 

After-thought, af ter-that, n. reflection af- 
ter the act ; expedients formed too late. 

After-time, n v succeeding time. 

After-ward, Af ter-ward^, ad. in later or 
subsequent time. 

After-wit, n. contrivance too late. 

A'ga, n. a Turkish military officer. 

A -gain, a-gen', ad. (S. agen) a second 

time ; once more ; in return. 
A-gainst', prep, in opposition to ; contrary. 

A-gape', ad. {a, gape) staring with 
eagerness or wonder, 

Ag'a-ric, n. (Gr. agarikon) a kind 
of mushroom used in physic and dyeing. 

A-gast'. See Aghast. 

Ag'ate, n. (L. achates) a precious stone. 
Ag / a-ty, a. of the nature of agate. 

Age, n. (S. agan ?) any period of time ; 

a generation of men ; a hundred years ; 

maturity ; decline of life. 
A'ged, a. old ; stricken in years. 

A 'gent, n. (L. ago) one who acts ; 

_ a" substitute ; a factor. — a. that acts. 

A'gen-cy, n. the sta-te of being in action ; 
the office of an agent or factor. 

A-gen'da, n. business to be done ; a memo- 
randum-book ; a ritual or service-book. 

A'gent-ship, n. the office of an agent. 

Ag-glom'er-ate, v. (L. ad, glomus) to 
gather up in a ball ; to grow into a mass. 

Ag-glom-er-ii'tion, n. a growing or heaping 
together ; a mass. 

Ag-glu ti-nate, v. (L. ad, gluten) to 

unite one part to another. 
Ag-glu'ti-nant, a. uniting parts together. 
Ag-glu-ti-na'tion, n. union ; cohesion. 
Ag-glu'ti-na-tive, a. having power to unite. 

Ag'gran-dize, v. (L. ad, grandis) to 
' make great ; to exalt ; to enlarge. 
Ag'gran-dlze-ment, n. the act of aggrandiz- 
ing ; the state of being aggrandized. 

Ag'gra-vate, v. (L. ad, gravis) to make 
„ worse ; to enhance ; to increase. 
Ag-gra-va'tion, n. the act of making worse. 
Ag'gra-va-ble, a. that may aggravate. 

Ag'gre-gate, v. (L. ad, grex) to collect 
together. — a. formed of parts collected. — 
n. the sum of parts collected. 

Ag'gre-gate-ly, ad. collectively; taken in mass. 

Ag-gre-ga'tion,n.the act of collecting into one. 

Ag'gre-ga-tive, a. taken together ; collective. 

Ag'gre-ga-tor, n. one who collects into a mass. 

Ag-gress', v. (L. ad,gressum)io com- 
mit the first act of violence. 
Ag-greYsion, n. the first act of injury. 
Ag-gres'sive, a. making the first attack. 
Ag-greYsor, n. one who does the first injury. 

Ag-grieve r , v. (L. ad, gravis) to give 

sorrow ; to vex ; to injure ; to harass. 
Ag-griev'ance, n. injury ; wrong. 

Ag-group', v. (Fr. a, groupe) to bring 
together into one figure. 

A-ghast', a-gast r , a. (S. gast) struck 
with horror ; amazed ; terrified. 

Ag'ile, a. (L. ago) active ; nimble. 
A-gll'i-ty, n. activity ; nimbleness ; quickness. 

A'gi-o, n. (It.) the difference between 
the value of bank notes and current coin. 

A-g!st', v. (Fr. g\te) to take the cattle 
of others to pasture at a certain rate. 

A-glst'ment, n. the feeding of cattle. 

A-^Ist'or, n. an officer of the king's forest. 

Ag'i-tate, v. (L. ago) to put in motion ; 

to disturb ; to discuss. 
Ag-i-tii'tion, n. state of being agitated ; dis- 

cussion ; violent motion of the mind. 
Ag'i-ta-tor, n. one who agitates. 

Aglet, Aiglet, n. (Fr. aiguillette) a 
point at the end of a fringe. 

Ag'nate, a. (L. ad.natum) allied to; 

akin from the father s side. 
Ag-nat'ic, a. relating to descent by the male 

line of ancestors. 
Ag-na'tion, n. descent in the male line. 

Ag-nize r , v. (L. ad, nosco) to acknow- 
ledge ; to own ; to avow. 
Ag-nl'tion, n. acknowledgment. 

Ag-noml-nate, v. (L. ad, nomen) to 

name; to call by name. 
Ag-nom-i-na'tion, n. allusion of one word to 

another by sound ; an additional name. 

Ag'nus, n. (L.) a little image repre- 
senting our Saviour in the figure of a lamb. 

A-go', ad. (S. agan) in time past. 

tube, tub, full ; cry, crypt, myrrh ; toll, b6y, Our, nOw, new • cede, gem, rais.e, exist, thin. 




A-go'ing, p. a. in motion. 
A-gOne', ad. in time past. 

A-gog', ad. (Fr. a gogo) in a state of 
desire ; strongly excited 

Ag'o-iiy, n. (Gr. agon) violent pain. 
Ag'o-nize, v. to be in excessive pain ; to af- 
M flict with agony. 

Ag-o-nlz'ing-ly, ad. with extreme anguish. 
Ag-o-nis'tic, Ag-o-nis'ti-cal, a. relating to 
prize-fighting, or athletic combats. 

A-gra'ri-an, a. (L. ager) relating to 

fields or grounds. 
A-gres'tic, a. relating to the country. 

A-gree', v. (Fr. a, gre) to be in con- 
cord ; to concur ; to become friends. 

A-gree'a-ble, a. suitable to ; pleasing. 

A-gree'a-bie-ness, n. suitableness to ; quality 
of pleasing ; resemblance. 

A-gree'a-blytfflJ.consistently with ; pleasingly. 

A-greed', p. a. settled by consent. 

A-gree'ment, n. concord ; compact ; bargain. 

Ag'ri-cul-ture,n. (L. ager, culturri) the 

„ art of cultivating the ground. 
Ag-ri-cul'tu-ral, a. relating to agriculture. 
Ag-ri-cul'tu-rist, n. one skilled in the art of 
cultivating the ground. 

A- ground', ad. (a, ground) stranded. 

A'gue, n. (S. age) an intermitting fever, 
_ with cold fits. — v. to strike as with ague. 
A'gued, a. struck with ague ; shivering. 
A/gu-ish, a. having the qualities of ague. 
A/gue-flt, n. the paroxysm of ague. 
A/gue-proof, a. proof against agues. 
A'gue-spSll, n. a charm for the ague. 

Ah, a, int. noting dislike, contempt, 
exultation, compassion, or complaint. 

A -ha' ! A -ha/, int. expressing triumph 
and contempt. 

A -head', ad. (a, head) further on. 

A-hoy', int. a sea term used in hailing. 

Aid, v. (L. ad. jutum ?) to help ; to as- 
sist ; to succour. — n. help ; support. 

Aid'ance, ft. help ; support ; assistance. 

Aid'er, n. on,e who brings help. 

Aid'less,a.helpless; unsupported; undefended. 

Aid-de-camp, ad'-de-cang, n. (Fr.) a military 
officer who conveys the general's orders. 

Ai'gret, n, (Fr. aigrette) the heron. 

Ai'gu-let. See Aglet. 

Ail, v. (S. eglan) to pain ; to trouble. 
Ail'ing, p. a. sickly ; full of complaints. 
Ail'ment, ft. pain ; disease. 

Aim, v. (L. cBstimo ?) to direct towards ; 
to strive to hit ; to attempt to reach.— n. di- 
_ rection ; endeavour ; design ; conjecture. 
Arm'er, ft. one who aims. 
Aimless, a. without aim or object. 

Air, n. (L. aer) the fluid which we 
breathe ; gentle wind ; the mien of a per- 
son ; a tune. — v. to expose to the air ; to 

_ warm by the fire. 

Air'i-ness, n. exposure to the air ; gayety. 

Aiding, n. a short excursion to enjoy the air. 

Air'less, a. not open to the free air. 

Airling, n. a thoughtless, gay person. 
Air'y, a. relating to the air ; gay ; sprightly. 
Air'blad-der, n. a bladder filled with air. 
Air'born, a. born of the air ; fanciful. 
Air'bullt, a. built in the air. 
Air r drawn, a. painted in the air; visionary. 
Air'gun, n. a gun charged with air. 
Air'ptimp, n. a machine for exhausting the 
_ air from vessels. 

Air'shaft, n. a passage for the air into mines. 
Air'tight, ai-'tlt, a. not admitting the air. 

Aisle, II, n. (L. ala) the wing or side 
of a church ; a walk in a church. 

A-jar', ad. (S. acerran \) half opened. 

A-km', a. (a, kin) related to ; allied 
by blood ; partaking of the same properties. 

AlVbas-ter, n. (Gr. alabastron) a kind 
of soft marble. — a. made of alabaster. 

A-lack', int. an expression of sorrow. 
A-lack'a-day, int. denoting sorrow. 

A-laVri-ty, n. (L. alacer) cheerfulness ; 
liveliness ; cheerful willingness ; readiness. 

A-larm',?!. (Fr. a Varme 1) a cry of dan- 
ger ; sudden terror. — v. to call to arms ; to 
excite fear in ; to disturb ; to surprise. 

A-larm'ing, p. a. terrifying ; giving alarm. 

A-larm r ing-ly, ad. in an alarming manner. 

A-larni'ist, n. one who excites alarm. 

A-larm'bell, n. a bell rung to give alarm. 

A-larm'post, n. the post or place of meet- 
ing in case of alarm. 

A-larm / watch,n.a watch that strikes the hour. 

A-laV, int. (Fr. helas) a word express- 
ing lamentation, pity, or concern. 

Alb, n. (L. albus) a white linen vest- 
^ ment worn by priest3. 
Al-bi-fi-ca'tion, n. the act of making white. 
Al-bl'no, n. a person unnaturally white. 
Al-bu-gln'e-ous, a. like the white of an egg. 
Al-bur'num, n. the white or soft part of wood. 
Al'bum, n. a book for inserting autographs. 

Al'ba-tross, n. a large aquatic bird. 

Al-be'it, ad. (all, be, it) although ; 

Al'ca-hest, Arka-hest, n. (Ar.) a pre- 
tended universal dissolvent. 

Al-caidV^- (Sp.) a governor or judge 
in Barbary and Spain. 

Archy-my, n. (Ar.) occult chemistry, 
or that part of chemistry which proposes 
the transmutation of metals. 

Al-chym'i-cal, a. relating to alchymy. 

Al-chym'i-cal-ly, ad. by means of alchymy. 

Al'chy-mist, n. one who studies alchymy. 

Al-chy-mls'ti-cal, a. practising alchymy. 

Archy-mlze, v. to transmute. 

Arco-hol, n. (Ar.) pure spirit. 
Arco-ho-lize, v. to convert into alcohol. 
Al-co-hol-i-za'tion, n. the act of converting 
into alcohol. 

Al'co-ran, n. (Ar. al, koran) the book 

of the Mohammedan faith. 
Al-co-ran'ish, a. relating to the koran. 

Fate, fat, far, fall; me, met, there, her; pine, pin, field, fir; note, not, nor, move, son; 




Al-cove', n. (Sp. alcobci) a recess in a 
chamber; an arbour. 

Al'der, n. the name of a tree. 
Al'dern, a. made of alder. 

ATder-man, n. (S. eaid, man) a magis- 
n trate in a town corporate. 
Al'der-man-ly, a. like an alderman. 

Ale, n. (S. eale) fermented malt liquor. 
Al'ish, a. resembling ale. 
Ale'ben^, n. a bench in an alehouse. 
Ale'ber-ry, n. a beverage made of ale, spices, 

sugar, and bread. 
Ale'brew-er, al'bru-er, n. one who brews ale. 
Ale'fed, a. fed with ale. 
Ale'hOuse, n. a house where ale is sold. 

A-lem'bic, n. (Ar.) a vessel used in 


A-lert', a. (Fr. alerte) on guard ; watch- 
ful ; brisk ; pert. 
A-lert'ness, n. sprightliness ; briskness. 

Al-ex-an'drine,72. a verse of twelve syl- 
labfes : first used in a French poem calied 

A-lex-i-phar'mic, A-lex-i-phar'mi-cal, 
a. (Gr. alcxo, pharmakon) expelling poison. 

Al'^e-bra, n. (Ar.) a peculiar kind of 

Al-ge-bra'i-cal, a. relating to algebra. 
Al-ge-bra'i-cal-ly , ad. by means of algebra. 
Al-ge-bra'ist, n. one skilled in algebra. 

Al'go-rism, Argo-rithin, n. (Ar.) the 
science of numbers. 

Al'gua-zil, n. (Sp.) a Spanish officer of 
justice ; a constable. 

A'li-as, ad. (L.) otherwise. 

Al'i-bT, n. (L.) clsewliere ; the plea of a 
person who, when charged with a crime, 
alleges that he was in another place. 

Al'ien, a. (L. alienns) foreign ; estran- 
ged from. — n. a foreigner ; a stranger. — v. 

_ to transfer property ; to estrange. 

Al'ien-a-ble, a. that may be transferred. 

Al'ien-ate, v. to transfer property to another ; 
to withdraw the affections. — a. withdrawn 

_ from ; estranged. 

Al-ien-a'tion, n. the act of transferring pro- 

_ perty ; change of affection. 

Al'ien-a-tor, n. one who alienates. 

A -light', a-lit', v. (S. a, lihtari) to come 
down ; to dismount. 

A-like',a. (a, like) having resemblance. 
—ad. in the same manner or form. 

Ari-ment, n. (L. alo) nourishment ; 

food ; support. 
AM-m6nt'al, a. nourishing ; nutritious. 
Al-i-ment'al-ly, ad. so as to nourish. 
Al-i-nient'a-ry, a. belonging to aliment. 
Al-i-men-ta'tion, n. the act of nourishing. 
Al'i-mo-ny, ft. the allowance to a married 

woman when separated from her husband. 

Al'i-quant, a. (L. aUquantus) parts of 
a number, which, however repeated, will 

never make up the number exactly : as 3 is 
an aliquant part of 10. 

Al'i-quot, a. (L.) parts of a number, 
which will measure it exactly, without any 
remainder : as 3 is an aliquot part of 12. 

A -live', a. {a, live) having life ; not 
dead ; active ; cheerful. 

AlTsa-li, n. (Ar. al, kalft a salt which 
w neutralizes acid : pi. al'ka-lies. 
-Al-ka-leYcent, a. slightly alkaline. 
Al'ka-line, a. having the qualities of alkali. 

All, a. (S. eall) the whole ; every one ; 
every part. — n. the whole ; every thing. — 
„ ad. quite ; completely ; wholly. 
All-fools-day', n. the first of April. 
All-fours', n. a low game at cards. 
All-hail', int. all health. — v. to salute. 
All-hal'low-rnass, All-hal'low-tIde,«. the term 
m near All-saints-day. 
All-saints-day', n. the first of November. 
All-souls-day', n. the second of November. 

Al-lay', v. (S. a, lecgan) to quiet ; to 

pacify ; to soothe. 
Al-lay'er, n. one who allays. 
Al-lay'ment, n. the act oii allaying. 

Al-lege', v. (L. ad, lego) to affirm ; to 

declare ; to plead in excuse. 
Al-l£ge'a-ble, a. that may be alleged. 
Al-le-ga'tion, n. affirmation ; plea ; excuse. 
Al-le'^iance, n. (L. ad, ligo) the duty 

of a subject to the government. 

Alle-go-ry, n. (Or. alios, agora) a figur- 
ative discourse, implying something that ia 
^ not Literally expressed. 

Al-le-gor'ic, *Al-le-gor'i-cal, a. in the form 

of an allegory ; not literal. 
Al-le-goVi-cal-iy,a</. in an allegorical manner. 
Al'le-go-rist, n. one who teaches by allegory. 
Al'le-go-rize, v. to turn into allegory. 

Al-lc'gro, n. (It.) a sprightly motion 
in music. 

Al-le-lu'jah, al-le-lu'ya, n. (Heb.) a 
word of spiritual exultation, signifying 
Praise God. 

Al-le'vi-ate, v. (L. ad, levin) to make 
light ; to ease ; to soften ; to extenuate. 

Al-le-vi-a'tion, n. the act of making light ; 
that which eases pain. 

Al'ley, n. (Fr. alike) a walk in a gar- 
den ; a narrow passage. 
Al-lT'ance. See under Ally. 

Al-li'cien-cy, n. (L. ad, lacio) the power 
of attracting ; attraction ; magnetism. 

Alli-gate, v. (L. ad, ligo) to tie toge- 
ther; to join; to unite. 
Al-li-ga'tion, n. the act of tying together ; a 

rule of arithmetic. 
Alli-ga-tor, n. (L. lacerta \) the Ame- 
rican crocodile. 

Al-li'sion, n. (L. ad, Icesum) the act of 
striking one thing against another. 

Al-lit-er-a'tion, n. (L. ad, litera) the 

tube, tab, full ; cry', crypt, my'rrh ; 1611, bdy, 6ilr. udw, new ; cede, gem, rai$e, exist, thin. 




beginning of several words in succession 
with the same letter. 
Al-llt'er-a-tive, a. pertaining to alliteration. 

Allo-cate, v. (L. ad, locus) to place ; 

to set aside. 
Al-lo-ca'tion, n. a placing or adding to. 

Al-lo-cu'tion, n. (L. ad, locutum) the 
act or manner of speaking to. 

Al-lo'di-um, n. (S. leod) a free manor. 
Al-lo'di-al, a. independent of any superior. 

Al-166'. See Halloo. 

Al-lot', v. (S. Mot) to give by lot ; to 

distribute ; to grant. 
Al-lOt'rnent, n. that which is allotted. 

Al-low', v. (S. a, lyfan) to admit ; to 
grant ; to permit ; to pay to ; to make 
abatement or provision. 

Al-lOw'a-ble, a. that may be allowed. 

Al-low'a-ble-ness, n. the being allowable. 

Al-l&w'a-bly, ad. with claim of allowance. 

Al-lcAv'an^e, n. permission ; sanction ; abate- 
ment ; a grant or stipend. 

Al-loy', v. (L. ad, iigo) to debase by mix- 
ing. — n. a baser metal mixed with a" finer. 

Al-lude', v. (L. ad, ludo) to refer to ; 

to hint at ; to insinuate. 
Al-lu'sfon, n. a reference to something known; 

a hint ; an implication. 
Al-lu'sive, a. hinting at ; having reference. 
Al-lu'sive-ly, ad. in an allusive manner. 
Al-lu'sive-ness, n. the being allusive. 

Al-lure', v. (Fr. leurre) to entice ; to 

decoy ; to hold out temptations. 
Al-lure'ment, n. that which allures. 
Al-lur'er, n. one who allures. 
Al-lurlng, n. the power to allure. 
Al-lur'ing-ly, ad. in an alluring manner. 

Al-lu'vi-on, Al-lu'vi-um, n. (L. ad, luo) 

earth deposited by water. 
Al-lu'vi-al, a. deposited by water. 

Al-ly', v. (L. ad, ligo) to unite by kin- 
dred, friendship, or treaty. — n. one united 
by friendship or treaty. 

Al-lI'an9e,n.relation; a league; a confederacy. 

Al-ma-can'tar, n. (Ar.) a circle pa- 
rallel to the horizon. 

Al'ma-nac, n. ( Ar.) a book containing 
the days and months ; a calendar. 

Al-might'y, al-mit'y, a. {all, mighty) 
of unlimited power ; omnipotent. — n. The 
^ Omnipotent ; God. 
Al-mlght'i-ness, n. unlimited power. 

Al'mond, a'mund, n. (Fr. amande) the 

nut of the almond tree. 
Al'mond^, n. pi. the glands of the throat. 

Al'most, ad. {all, most) nearly ; well 
nigh ; for the greatest part. 

Alms, ams, n. (S. almes) what is given 

to the poor. 
Al'mo-ner, n. an officer who distributes alms. 
Al'mon-ry, Alm'ry, n. the place where alms 
^ are distributed. 
Alms'bas-ket, n. a basket for receiving alms. 

Almi'dCCd, n. an act of charity. 
Alm§'glv-er, n. one who gives alms. 
Alms/glv-ing, n. the giving of alms. 
Alms'hduse, n. a house for the poor. 
Alms'rnan, n. a man supported by aims. 

Al'mug-tree, n. a tree mentioned in 

Al'oes,™. (Gr. aloe) a tree ; a wood for 
w perfumes ; a medicinal juice. 
Al-o-et'ic, a. consisting of aloes. 
Al-o-et'i-cal, a. pertaining to aloes; con- 
sisting chiefly of aloes. 

A-loft', arf. (S. lyft) on high ; in the air. 

A -lone', a. {all, one) single ; solitary. 

A -long', ad. (S. and, lang) at length 

throughout ; forward. 
A-lOng'slde, ad. by the side of a ship. 

A-166f ', ad. {all, off) at a distance. * 

A-loud', ad. {a, loud) loudly ; with a 
great noise ; with a strong voice. 

Alp, n. (C. ?) a lofty mountain. 
Al'pine, a. mountainous ; high. 

Al r pha, n. the first letter in the Greek 
w alphabet ; the first. 
Al'pha-bet, n. the letters of a language. 
Al-pha-bet-a'ri-an, n. an A. B. C. scholar. 
Al-pha-bet'ic, Al-pha-bet'i-cal, a. in the or- 
_ der or manner of the alphabet. 
Al-pha-beVi-cal-ly, ad. in alphabetic order. 

Al-read'y, ad. {all, ready) now ; at 
this time. 

Al'so, ad. (S. eall, swa) in the same 

manner; likewise. 

Al'tar, n. (L. alius) the place where 
„ offerings are laid ; the communion table. 
Al'tar-cl6th, n. a cloth thrown over the altar. 
Al r tar-pie9e, n. a painting over an altar. 
Al'tar-wi§e, ad. placed like an altar. 

Arter, v. (L. alter) to change ; to 
„ make or become otherwise. 
Al'ter-a-ble, a. that may be changed. 
Al'ter-ant, a. producing change. 
Al-ter-a'tion, n. the act of altering ; change. 
Al'ter-a-tive, a. having the quality of altering. 

Al-ter-ca'tion, n. (L. alter) debate ; 
strife ; controversy ; wrangling. 

Al'tern, a. (L. alter) acting by turns. 

Al-ter'nate, a. being by turns.— m. that which 
happens alternately.— v. to perform alter- 
nately ; to change reciprocally. 

Al-teVnate-ly, ad. in reciprocal succession. 

Al-ter-na'tion, n. reciprocal succession. 

Al-teVna-tive, n. the choice given of two 
things. — a. offering a choice of two things. 

Al-ter'na-tive-ly, ad. by turns ; reciprocally. 

Al-ter'ni-ty, n. succession by turns. 

Al-though', al-tho', con. {all, though) 
notwithstanding ; however. 

Arti-tude, n. (L. alius) height ; ele- 
vation ; superior excellence ; highest point. 
Al-tls'o-nant, a. high sounding. 

Fate, fat, far, fall ; m£, mCt, there, her ; pine, pin, field f fir ; note, n5t, nor, move, son; 




Al-to-geth'er, ad. (all, to, gather) com- 
pletely ; without exception. 

Arum, n. (L. alumeri) a mineral salt. 
A-lu'rui-nous, a. pertaining to alum. 
Al'um-ish, a. having the nature of alum. 

Al'ways, ad. (all, way) perpetually ; 
continually ; constantly. 

Am, the first person singular, indica- 
tive mood, present tense, of the verb to be. 

Am-a-biri-ty. See under Amiable. 

A-main', ad. (S. mcegn) with force ; 
vigorously ; vehemently ; violently. 

A-mal'gam, n. (Gr. Kama, gameo \) 
mixture of metals ; a compound. 

A-mal'ga-mate, v. to mix or unite metals. 

A-mal-ga-iua'tion, n. the act of amalga- 

A-man-u-en'sis, n. (L.) a person who 
writes what another dictates. 

Am'a-ranth, n. (Gr. a, maraino) a 

flower which never fades. 
Ara-a-ran'thine, a. consisting of amaranths. 

A-mar'i-tude,?i.(L. amarus) bitterness. 

A-mass', v. (L. ad, massa) to collect 

into a heap ; to accumulate. 
A-mass'nient, n. a heap ; an accumulation. 

Am'a-to-ry, Am-a-to'ri-al, Am-a-tG'ri- 
ous, a. (L. amatum) relating to love. 

Am-a-teur 7 , n. (Fr.) a lover of any art or 
science, not a professor. 

A-mfize', v. (a, maze) to astonish ; to 
confound ; to perplex. — n. astonishment ; 
confusion ; perplexity. 

A-ma'zed-ly, ad. with amazement 

A-ma'zed-ness, n. state of being amazed. 

A-maze'ment, n. astonishment ; confusion. 

A-maz'ing, p. a. wonderful ; astonishing. 

A-niaz'ing-ly,a^. wonderfully; astonishingly. 

Am'a-zon, n. (Gr. a, mazos) a warlike 

woman ; a virago. 
Am-a-zo'ni-an, a. relating to the Amazons ; 

warlike ; bold ; of masculine manners. 

Am-ba'ges, n. (L.) a circuit of words ; 
an indirect manner of expression. 

Am-bas'sa-dor, n. (S. ambeht ?) a 
person sent in a public manner from one 
sovereign power to another. 

Arn-bas'sa-dress, n. the lady of an ambassa- 
dor ; a female ambassador. 

Am'ber, n. (Ar. ambar) a yellow 
transparent substance. — a. consisting of 
■ amber. — v. to scent with amber. 
Am'ber-gris, n. a fragrant drug. 

Am-bi-dex'ter, n. (L. ambo, dexter) 
one who can use both hands alike ; one who 
is equally ready to act on either side. 

Ani-bi-dex'trous, a. using either hand ; prac- 
tising on both sides ; double-dealing. 

AmTn-ent, a. (L. am, eo) surround- 
ing ; encompassing ; investing. 

Am-bi-gu'i-ty, n. (L. am, ago) doubt- 
fulness of meaning ; double meaning. 

Arn-blg'u-ous, a. doubtful ; having two 

meanings ; of uncertain signification. 
Ani-blg'u-ous-ly, ad. doubtfully; uncertainly. 

AmTrit, n. (L. am. Hum) the compass 

or circuit of any thing. 
Am-bl'tion, n. desire of honour or power. 
Am-bl'tious, a. desirous of honour or power. 
Am-bi'tious-ly, ad. in an ambitious manner. 

Am'ble, v. (L. ambulo) to move be- 
tween a walk and trot. — n. a pace between 
w a walk and a trot. 
Am'bler, n. a horse taught to amble. 

Am'bo, n. (Gr. ambon) a reading desk 
or pulpit. 

Am-bro'sia, n. (Gr.) the imaginary 

food of the gods. 
Am-bro'§i-al, Am-bro'si-an, a. of the nature 

of ambrosia; delicious; fragrant. 

Am'bry, n. (almonry) a place where 
alms are distributed ; a pantry. 

Ambs-ace', amz-as', n. (L. ambo, as) 
a double ace. 

Am'bu-lant, a. (L. ambulo) walking ; 

moving from place to place. 
Am-bu-la'tion, n. the act of walking. 
Am'bu-la-to-ry, a. having the power of walk 

ing ; moving from place to place. 

Ain'bush, n. (Fr. en, bois) the place 
„ or act of lying in wait. — place in ambush. 
Am-bus-cade', n. a private station in which 

men lie to surprise others. 
Am'bush-ment, n. lying in wait ; surprise. 

Ani'el, n. (Fr. (mail) the matter used 
for enamelling. 

A-meTio-rate, v. (L. ad, melior) to 

make better ; to improve. 
A-mel-io-ra'tion, n. the act of making better. 

A-men', ad. (Gr.) so be it. 

A-me'na-ble, a. (Fr. a, mener ) liable 
to account ; responsible. 

A-mend', v. (L. a, menda) to correct ; 
to reform ; to grow better. 

A-mend'ment, n. change for the better ; cor- 
rection ; reformation ; recovery. 

A-iu6nd$/, n. recompense ; compensation. 

A-men'i-ty, n. (L. amcenus) pleasant- 
ness ; agreeableness of situation. 

A-men-ta'ceous,«.(L.aw2e>i/wm) hang- 
ing as by a thread. 

A-merce', v. (L. ad, merces) to punish 

by fine ; to intiict a penalty. 
A-merce'a-ble, a. liable to amercement. 
A-meVce'ment, n. punishment by fine. 

A-mer'i-can, a. pertaining to Ameri- 
ca- — n. a native of America. 
Ames-ace'. See Ambs-ace. 

Am'e-thyst, n. (Gr. a, methu) a pre- 

cious stone of a violet colour. 
Am-e-thyst'ine, a. resembling an amethyst. 

A'mi-a-ble, a. (L. amo) lovely ; pleas- 
„ ing ; charming ; deserving affection. 
Am-a-bll'i-ty, n. loveliness; power of pleasing. 

tube, tQb, full; cry, crypt, myrrh ; tdll, b0>-, Our, now, new ; cede, £em, raise, exist, thin. 




A'mi-a-ble-ness, n. quality of being amiable. 
A'mi-a-bly, ad. in an amiable manner. 

Am'i-anth, Am-i-an'thus, n. (Gr. a, 
miaino) an incombustible mineral like flax. 

Am'i-ca-ble, a. (L. amicus) friendly ; 
„ kind ; obliging ; peaceable. 
Am'i-ca-ble-ness, n. friendliness ; good- will. 
Am'i-ca-bly, ad. in an amicable manner. 
Am'i-ty, n. friendship ; good- will. 

Am'ice, n. (L. amictus) the undermost 
part of a priest's habit. 

A -mid', A-midst', prep. (S. an, midd) 

in the midst ; mingled with ; among. 

A-miss', a. (S. missian) faulty ; wrong ; 
improper. — ad. in a faulty manner. 

Am'i-ty. See under Amicable. 

Am-mo'ni-ac, n. (L. Ammon) a drug. 
Am-mo-m'a-cal, a. pertaining to ammoniac ; 
having the properties of ammoniac. 

Am-mu-m'tion, n. (L. ad, munitum) 

military stores. 

Am'nes-ty, n. (Gr. a, mnestis) an act 

of general pardon. 

A-mong', A-mongst', prep. (S. amang) 
mingled with ; conjoined with. 

Am'o-ret, n. (L. amor) a lover. 
Am'o-rist, n. a lover ; a gallant. 
Am'o-rous, a. inclined to love. 
Am'o-rous-ly, ad. lovingly ; fondly. 
Am'o-rous-ness, n. fondness ; lovingness. 
A-mdur 7 , n. an affair of love ; an intrigue. 

A-mor'phous, a. (Gr. a,morphe) shape- 
less ; not having a regular form. 

A-mort', a. (L. ad, mors) in the state 
of the dead; dejected; depressed. 

A-mor-ti-za'tion, A-mor'tize-ment, n. the 
right of transferring lands to mortmain. 

A-mortize, v. to alienate lands. 

A -mount' v. (L. ad, mons) to rise to ; 
to compose in the whole. — n. the sum total. 

Am-pmb'i-ous, a. (Gr. amphi, bios) 
having the power of living in two elements ; 
partaking of two natures. 

Am-phi-bol'o-gy, n. (Gr. amphi, ballo, 

logos) discourse of uncertain meaning. 
Am-phi-bo-log'i-cal, a. doubtful ; equivocal. 

Am-phTb'o-lous, a. (Gr. amphi, ballo) 

tossed from one to another. 
Am-phlb'o-ly, n. ambiguity of meaning. 

Am-phis-bse'na, n. (Gr. amphis, baino) 
a serpent supposed to move with either 
end foremost. 

Am-phis'ci-I, n. (Gr. amphi, skia) the 
inhabitants of the torrid zone, whose sha- 
dows fall in one part of the year to the north, 
and in the other to the south. 

Am-phi-the'a-tre, n. (Gr. amphi, thea- 
tron) a building of a circular form, with 
seats all round. 

Am-phi-the-afri-cal, a. relating to exhibi- 
tions in an amphitheatre. 

Am pie, a. (L. amplus) large ; wide ; 

„ extended ; liberal ; diffusive. 
Am'ple-ness, n. largeness ; extensiveness. 
Am'pli-ate, v. to enlarge ; to extend. 
Am-pli-a/tion, n. enlargement ; diffusenesa 
Am'pli-fy, v. to enlarge ; to exaggerate. 
Am-pli-fi-ca'tion,tt. enlargement; extensiou. 
Anr'pli-fl-er, n. one who amplifies. 
Am'pli-tude, n. largeness ; extent ; capacity. 
Am'ply, ad. largely ; liberally ; copiously. 

Am'pu-tate, v. (L. am, puto) to cut off 

a limb. 
Am-pu-ta'tion, n. the act of cutting off a limb. 

Am'u-let, n. (L. a, moles) a 'charm 

against evil or mischance. 
A-muse', v. (L. a, musa) to entertain ; 

to divert ; to deceive. 
A-muse'ment, n. that which amuses. 
A-mus/ing, p. a. entertaining ; pleasing. 
A-mus/ive, a. having power to amuse. 
A-mus/ive-ly, ad. in an amusive manner. 

An, (S.) the indefinite article, placed 

before words beginning with the sound ol 

a vowel. 
An-a-bap'tist, n. (Gr. ana, bapto) one 

who holds the doctrine that adults only 
w should be baptized. 

An-a-bap'tism, n. the doctrine of Anabaptists. 
An-a-bap-tls r tic, An-a-bap-tts'ti-cal, a. re- 
„ bating to Anabaptists. 
An-a-bap'tls-try, n. the sect of Anabaptists. 
An-a-bap-tlze', v. to rebaptize. 
An-ach'o-rite, n. (Gr. ana, choreo) a 

monk who leads a solitary life ; a hermit. 
An-a-cho-ret'i-cal, a. relating to an anacho- 

rite or hermit. 

An-ach'ro-nism, n. (Gr. ana, chronos) 
an error in computing time. 

An-ach-ro-nls'tic, a. containing an anachro- 
nism ; erroneous in date. 

A-nac-re-on'tic, a. relating to Anac- 
reon s m the manner of Anacreou. 

An'a-deme, n. (Gr. ana, deo) a chaplet 
or crown of flowers. 

An-a-gog'ics, n. pi. (Gr. ana, ago) mys- 
w terious considerations. 
An-a-gftg'i-cal, a. elevated ; mysterious. 

An'a-gram, n. (Gr. ana, gramma) the 
change of one word into another by trans- 
posing the letters. 

An-a-gram-mat'i-cal, a. forming an anagram. 

An-a-gram-mat'i-cal-ly, ad. in the manner of 

w an anagram. 

An-a-gram'ma-tism, n. the act or practice 
of making anagrams. 

An-a-gram'ma-tist, n. a maker of anagrams. 

An-a-gram'ma-tlze, v. to make anagrams* 

An-a-lep'tic, a. (Gr. ana, lepsis) re- 
storative ; strengthening. 
A-naro-gy, n. (Gr. ana, logos) resem- 
^ blance ; 'similarity ; proportion. 
An-a-log'i-cal, a. having analogy. 
An-a-16g'i-cal-ly,ad. in an analogical manner. 
A-nal r o-gIze, v. to explain by analogy. 
A-naFo-gous, a. having resemblance. 
A-nal"o-gous-ly, ad. in an analogous manner. 

Fate, fat, far, fall ; m6, met, there, he* ; pine, pin, field, fir ; note, not, nor, mdve, son ; 




&n'a-lyze, v. (Gr. ana, luo) to resolve 

a compound into its first principles. 
A-naTy-sis, n. the separation of a compound 
_ into its constituent parts. 
An'a-Iyst, *♦. one who analyzes. 
An-a-lyt'ic, An-a-lyt'i-cal, a. pertaining to 
I analysis ; resolving into first principles. 
An-a-lyt'i-cal-ly, ad. in an analytical manner. 
An'a-lyz-er, n. one who analyzes. 

A-na'nas, n. the pine apple. 

An'a-pest, n. (Gr. ana, paio) a metri- 
cal foot, containing two short syllables and 
one long. 

An-a-peYtic, a. relating to the anapest. 

An'ar-chy, n. (Gr. a,arche) want of 
„ government ; disorder ; political confusion. 

An'arch, n. an author of confusion. 

A-nar'chic, A-nar'chi-cal, a. confused ; with- 
_ out rule or government. 

An'ar-chism, n. want of government. 

An'ar-chist, n. one who occasions confusion. 

An-a-sar'ca, n. (Gr. ana, sarx) a kind 

of dropsy. 
An-a-sar'cous, a. relating to anasarca. 

A-nas'tro-phe, n. (Gr. ana, strophe) a 
figure by which the order of the words is 

A-nath'e-ma, n. (Gr.) an ecclesiastical 

curse ; excommunication. 
A-nath'e-ma-tifm, n. excommunication. 
A-nath'e-ma-tlze, v. to pronounce accursed. 
A-nath-e-ma-tlz'er, n. one who pronounces 

an anathema or curse. 

A-nat'o-my, n. (Gr. ana, temno) the 
act of dissecting the body ; the structure of 
the body ; a skeleton. 

An-a-tom'i-cal, a. relating to anatomy. 

An-a t6m'i-cal-ly, ad. in an anatomical man- 
ner ; by means of dissection. 

A-nat'o-mist, n. one skilled in anatomy. 

A-nat'o-mize, v. to dissect ; to lay open. 

An'ces-tor, n. (L. ante, cessum) one 

from whom a person is descended. 
An'ces-tral, a. relating to ancestors. 
An'^es-try, n. a series of ancestors ; lineage. 

An'chor, n. (L. anchora) an iron in- 
struraent to hold a ship. — v. to cast anchor. 

An'chor-age, n. ground for anchoring in ; 
duty paid for liberty to anchor. 

Anchored, p. a. held by the anchor. 

An'chor-hold, n. the hold of an anchor. 

An'chor-smltn, n. a maker of anchors. 

An'cho-rlte. See Anachorite. 
An'cho-ress, n. a female recluse. 

An-cho'vy, n. (Sp. anchova) a small 
fish used as sauce. 

An'cient, a. (L. antiquum) old ; of 
_ old* time ; not modern. 
An'cients, n. pi. men of former times. 
An'cient-ly, ad. in old times. 
An'?ient-ness, n. existence from old times. 
An'cient-ry, n. honour of lineage. 

An'cient, n. (L. insigne) a flag ; the 
bearer of a flag. 

An-cllla-ry, a. (L.ancilla) subservient. 

And, con. (S.) the particle by which 
sentences or terms are joined. 

And'i-ron, and'i-urn, n. (hand, iron ?) 
the iron at the end of a grate, in which the 
spit turns, or on which wood is laid to burn. 

An'dro-gyne, n. (Gr. aner, gune) a 

kind of hermaphrodite. 
A n-drog'y-nal, a. having two sexes. 
An-dro|'y-nal-ly, a<i. of two sexes. 

An'ec-dote, n. (Gr. a, ek, dotos) an in- 
cident of private life. 

An-ec-dot'i-cal, a. pertaining to anecdotes. 

A-nem'o-ne, n. (Gr.) the wind-flower. 

An'eu-rism, n. (Gr. ana, eurus) a dis- 
ease in which the arteries become dilated. 

A -new', ad. (a, new) over again. 

An-frac'tu-ose, An-frac'tu-ous, a. (L. 

_am,fractum) full of breaks or turnings. 

An'gel, n. (Gr. angelos) a messenger ; 
a spirit ; a gold coin. — a. like an angel. 

An-£eTic,An-geTi-cal, a. belonging to angels. 

An'ger,n. (L. ango) resentment ; rage; 
„ pain. — v. to enrage ; to provoke. 
An'gry, a. affected with anger ; provoked. 
An'gri-ly, ad. in an angry manner. 

An'gle, n. (L. angulus) the space be- 
tween two lines that meet in a point ; a 
point where two lines meet ; a corner. 

An'gled, a. having angles. 

An'gu-lar, a. having angles or corners. 

An-gu-lar'i-ty, n. the quality of being angular. 

An'gu-lar-ly, ad. with angles or corners. 

An'gu-la-ted, a. formed with angles. 

An'gu-lous, a. having corners ; hooked. 

An'gle, v. (S. angel) to fish with a rod 

and hook. — n. a fishing-rod. 
An'gler, n. one who angles. 
An'gling, n. the art of fishing with a rod. 

An'gli-can, a. pertaining to England. 
An'gli-clse, v. to make English. 
An'gli-^ism, n. an English idiom. 

An'guish, n. (L. ango) great pain of 
body or mind. — v. to torture. 

An-gustV.(L.a??#?«/tts)narrow; strait- 
An-gus-ta'tion, n. the act of making narrow. 

An-he-lii'tion, n. (L. am, halo) the act 
of panting ; difficult respiration. 

An'ile, a. (L. anus) relating to an old 
woman ; imbecile. 

A-nll'i-ty, n. the state of being an old wo- 
man ; dotage ; imbecility. 

An-i-mad-vert', v. (L. animus, ad, ver~ 
_ to) to turn the mind to ; to censure. 
An-i-mad-ver'sion, n. remark ; censure. 
An-i-mad-vert'er, n. one who animadverts. 

An'i-mal, n. (L.) a living corporeal 
w creature.— a. belonging to animals. 
An-i-nial'cule, n. a very small animal. 
An-i-mal'cu-lar, a. relating to animalcules. 
An-i-mal'i-ty, n. the state of animal existence. 

An'i-mate, v. (L. animus) to give life 
to ; to quicken ; to encourage. — a. alive ; 
possessing animal life. 

tube, tub, full; cry, crypt, myrrh; toil, boy, Our, now, new; cede, gem, rai^e, exist, thin. 




An'i-mat-ed, a. having life ; lively ; vigorous. 
An-i-ma'tion, n. the act of animating or en- 
M livening ; life ; spirit ; vigour. 
An'i-ma-tor, n. one that gives life or spirit. 
An-i-mOs'i-tyjn. violent hatred; activeenmity. 

An'ise, n. a species of parsley. 

Ank'er, n. (D.) a liquid measure of 
ten gallons. 

An'kle, n. (S. ancleow) the joint be- 
tween the foot and the leg. 

An'nals, n. pi. (L. annus) history re- 

lated in the exact order of time. 
An'nal-ist, n. a writer of annals. 
An'nal-Ize, v. to write annals; to record. 

An'nats, n. pi. (L. annus) the first fruits. 

An-neal', v. (S. an, cslan) to heat in 

order to fix colours ; to temper glass. 
An-neal'ing, n. the art of tempering glass. 

An-nex', v. (L. ad, nexum) to unite 
v to at the end ; to subjoin ; to affix. 
An-nex-a'tion, n. conjunction ; addition. 
An-nex'ion, n. the act of annexing. 
An-ngx'ment, n. the thing annexed. 

An-nilii-late, v. (L. ad, nihil) to re- 
duce to nothing ; to destroy. 
An-nl'hi-la-ble, a. that may be annihilated. 
An-nl-hi-la'tion, n. the act of annihilating. 

An-ni-ver'sa-ry, n. (L. annus, versum) 
a day celebrated as it returns each year. — 
a. returning with the year ; annual. 

An-ni-ver'sa-ri-ly, ad. annually. 

An'no-tate, v. (L. ad, noto) to make 
w remarks on a writing ; to comment. 
An-no-ta'tion, n. a remark ; a comment. 
An-no-ta'tion-ist, n. a writer of comments. 
An'no-ta-tor, n. a commentator ; a scholiast. 

An-nounce', v. (L. ad, nuncio) to pub- 
lish ; to proclaim ; to give notice. 

An-notinfe'ment, n. the act of giving notice ; 
a declaration ; an advertisement. • 

An-nun'ci-ate, bring tidings; to announce. 

An-nun-ci-a'tion, n. the act of announcing ; 
the anniversary of the angel's salutation 
of the Virgin Mary, being the 25th of March. 

An-noy', v. (L. ad, noceo) to incom- 
mode ; to vex ; to molest. — n. injury ; 
molestation ; trouble. 

An-nOy'ance, n. that which annoys. 

An'nu-al, a. (L. annus) coming yearly. 

— n. that which comes yearly. 
An'nu-al-ly, ad. every year ; yearly. 
An-nu r i-tant, n. one who has an annuity. 
An-nu 7 i-ty, n. a yearly allowance. 

An-nul', v. (L. ad, nullus) to make 
void ; to abolish ; to abrogate. 

An'nu-lar, a. (L. annulus) having the 

form of a ring ; pertaining to a ring. 
An'nu-la-ry, a. like a ring ; circular, 
An'nu-let, n. a little ring. 

An-nu'me-rate, v. (L. ad, numerus) 

to add to a former number. 
An-nu-me-ra'tion, n. addifion to a former 


An-nim'ci-ate. See under Announce. 

An'o-dyne, n. (Gr. a, odune) medicine 
which assuages pain. — a. mitigating pain. 

A-noInt', v. (L. ad, unctum) to rub 

over with oil ; to consecrate by unction. 
A-nolnt'er, n. one who anoints. 
A-ntflnt'ing, n. the act of rubbing with oil. 
A-nolnt'ment, n. the state of being anointed. 

A-nom'a-ly, n. (Gr. a, homalos) a devi- 
ation from the common rule ; irregularity. 
A-ndm'a-lism, n. a deviation from rule. 
A-n&m'a-lous, a. out of rule ; irregular. 
A-nom'a-lous-ly, ad. irregularly. 

A.n'o-my,nX(j(Y.a,nomos) breach of law. 

A-non', ad. (S. on, an) quickly ; soon. 

A-non'y-mous, a. (Gr. a, onoma) want- 
ing a name. 
A-nOn'y-mous-ly, ad. without a name. 

An-oth'er, a. (an, other) not the same ; 
one more ; any other. 

An'swer, aVser, v. (S. answarian) 
to speak in return to ; to reply to ; to be 
equivalent to ; to satisfy. — n. that which 
is said in return to a question ; a reply ; a 

w confutation ; a solution. 

An'swer-a-ble, a. admitting a reply ; liable to 

w give account ; suitable ; proportionate. 

An'swer-a-ble-ness, n. the being answerable. 

An'swer-a-bly, ad. suitably ; proportionately. 

An'swer-er, n. one who answers. 

Ant, n. (S. cemet) an emmet ; a pismire. 
Ant'hlll, n. a little hillock formed by ants. 

An-tag'o-nist, n. (Gr. anti, agon) one 
who contends with another ; an'opponent. 
— a. counteracting ; opposing; combating. 

An-tag'o-ni^m, n. opposition of action. 

An-tag-o-nls'tic, a. contending against. 

An-tarc r tic, a. (Gr. anti, arktos) re- 
lating to the south pole. 

An-te-cede', v. (L. ante, cedo) to go 

before ; to precede. 
An-te^e-da'ne-ous, a. going before. 
An-te-^dence, An-te^e'den^y, n. the act 
w or state of going before ; precedency. 
An-te-9e / dent, a. going before. — n. that which 

goes before ; the noun to which a relative 
w pronoun refers. 
An-te-ce'dent-ly, ad. previously. 
An-te-^gs'sor, n. one who goes before. 

An'te-cham-ber, n. (ante, chamber) the 
chamber that leads to the chief apartment. 

An'te-c.hap-el, n. (ante, chapel) the 
part of a chapel leading to the choir. 

An'te-date, v. (L. ante, datum) to date 
before the real time.— n. prior date. 

existing before the deluge.— n. one who 
lived before the deluge. 

An'te-lope, n. a species of deer. 

An-te-lu'can, a. (L. ante, lux) before 
daylight; early. 

An-te-mim'dane, a. (L. ante, mundus) 
before the creation of the world. 

Fate, fat, far, fall ; me, met, there, her ; pine, pin, fle»i, fir ; note, n6t, nor, move, son; 




An-ten'nae, n. pi. (L.) the feelers of 
an insect. 

An-te-nup'tial, a. (L. ante, nuptum) 
before marriage. 

An-te-pas'chal, a. (L. ante, Gr. paschd) 
before Easter. 

An'te-past, n. (L. ante, pastum) a 

An-te-pe-nult', n. (L. ante, pene, ulti- 

mus) the last syllable but two. 
An-te-pe-nult'i-mate, a. relating to the last 

syllable but two. 

An-te'ri-or, a. (L.) going before; prior. 
An-te-ri-or'i-ty, n. the state of being before. 

An'te-room, n. (ante, room) the room 
leading to the principal apartment. 

An'te-tem-ple, n. (L. ante, templum) 
the nave of a church. 

An-thel-mm'thic, a. (Gr. anti,helmins) 
destroying worms. 

An'them, n. (Gr. anti, humnos) a sa- 
cred song or hymn. 

An'ther, n. (Gr. anthos) the tip of the 
stamen in a flower. 

An-th6To-gy, n. (Gr. anthos, logia) 

a collection of flowers or poems. 
An-tho-lOg'i-cal, a. relating to an anthology. 

An-thro-pol'o-gy, n. (Gr. anthropos, 
logos) the doctrine of the structure of the 
human body. 

An-thro-po-mor'phite, n. (Gr. anthro- 
pos, morphe) one who believes tliat the 
Deity has a human form. 

An-thro-pop'a-thy, n. (Gr. anthropos, 
pathos) the affections of man. 

An-thro-poph'a-|i, n. pi. (Gr. anthro- 
pos, phago) man-eaters; cannibals. 

An-thro-poph'a-gy, n. the practice of eating 
human flesh. 

An'tic, a. (L. antiquus) odd ; ridicu- 
lous ; droll. — n. a buffoon ; odd appearance. 
An'tic-ly, ad. in an antic manner. 

An'ti-christ, n. (Gr. anti, Christos) the 

great enemy to Christianity. 
An-ti-chrlst'ian, a. opposed to Christianity. 

— n. an enemy to Christianity. 

opposition or contrariety to Christianity. 

An-tic/i-pate, v. (L. ante, capio) to 

take before ; to foretaste ; to preclude. 
An-tly-i-pa'tion, n. the act of anticipating. 
An-tlc'i-pa-to-ry, a, taking before the time. 

An-.ti-cli'max, n. (Gr. anti, klimax) a 
sentence in which the last part expresses 
something lower than the first. 

An'ti-dote, n. (Gr. anti, dotos) a medi- 

cine to prevent the effects of poison. 
An'ti-do-tal, a. counteracting poison. 

An-ti-e-pis'co-pal, a. (Gr. anti, epi, 
skopeo) adverse to episcopacy. 

An-ti-min-is-te'ri-al, a. (Gv.anti, L. mi' 

nister) opposing the ministry. 

An-ti-mon'ar-chist, n. (Gr. anti, mo- 

w nos, arche) an enemy to monarchy. 
An-ti-mo-narch'i-cal, a. against monarchy. 

An'ti-mo-ny, n. (Gr. anti, monos ?) a 

mineral substance. 
An-ti-mo'ni-al, a. composed of antimony. 

An'ti-no-my, n. (Gr. anti, nomos) a 

contradiction between two laws. 

An-ti-no'mi-an, n. one who denies the obli- 
gation of the moral law. — a. relating to the 

_ sect called Antinomians. 

An-ti-no'mi-an-ism, n. Antinomian tenets. 

An-tln'o-mist, n. one who disregards law. 

An-ti-pa'pal. See under Antipope. 

An-tip'a-thy, n. (Gr. anti, pathos) a 
feeling against ;^ aversion ; dislike. 

an aversion to ; of an opposite disposition. 

An-ti-phlo-gis'tic, a. (Gr. anti, phlogis- 
tos) counteracting inflammation. 

An'ti-phon, An-tTph'o-ny, n. (Gr. anti, 
phone) alternate chant or singing. 

An-tlph'o-nal, a. relating to alternate sing- 
ing. — n. a book of anthems. 

An-tiph'ra-sis, n. (Gr. anti, phrasis) 
the use of words in a sense opposite to their 
proper meaning. 

An-ti-phras'ti-cal, a. relating to antiphrasis. 

An-ti-phras'ti-cal-ly, ad. with antiphrasis, 

An-tip'o-des, n. pi. (Gr. anti,pous) the 
people who live on the other side of the 
globe, having their feet opposite to ours. 

An-tlp'o-dal, a. relating to the antipodes. 

An'ti-pope, n. (Gr. anti, pappas) one 

who usurps the popedom. 
An-ti-pa'pal, An-ti-pa-pls'ti-cal, a. opposing 


An'ti-quate, v. (L. antiquus) to put 

out of use ; to make obsolete. 
An-ti-qua'ri-an, a. relating to antiquity.— 

n. one versed in antiquity. 
An-ti-qua'ri-an-ism, n. love of antiquities. 
An'ti-qua-ry, n. a man studious of antiquity. 
An'ti-quate-ness, n. the being obsolete. 
An-ti-qua'tion, n. state of being antiquated. 
An-tique 7 , a. ancient ; of old fashion. 
An-tique'ness, n. the quality of being ancient. 
An-tlq'ui-ty, n. old times ;"the people of old 

times ; a relict of old times ; ancientness. 

An-ti^ci-i, n. pi. (Gr. 'anti, skia)the peo- 
ple, on different sides of the equator, whose 
shadows at noon project opposite ways. 

a. (Gr. anti, ~L.scorbutus) efficacious against 

An-ti-scrip'tu-rism, n. (Gr. anti, L. 
scriptum ) opposition to the HolyScriptures. 

An-ti-scrlp'tu-rist, n. one who denies the di- 
vine origin of the Holy Scriptures. 

An-ti-sep'tic, a. (Gr. anti, sepo) coun- 
teracting putrefaction. — n.a, medicine which 
resists or corrects putrefaction. 

tube, tub, full; cry, crypt, myrrh ; toll, boy, Our, now, new ; cede, £em, raise, exist, thin, 





An-tis'tro-phe, n. (Gr. anti, strophe) 
the second stanza of an ode sung in parts. 

An-titfr'e-sis, n. (Gr. anti, thesis) op- 
position of words or sentiments ; contrast : 
pi. an-tlth'e-ses. 

An-ti-thet'i-cal, a. placed in contrast. 

An'ti-type, n. (Gr. anti, tupos) that 

which is prefigured by the type. 
An-ti-typ'i-cal, a. relating to the antitype. 

Antler, n. (Fr. andouiller) the branch 

of a stag's horn. 
Ant'lered, a. having antlers. 

An-toe'ci, an-te'cl, n. pi. (Gr. anti, oikeo) 
people who live* under the same latitude 
and longitude, but in different hemispheres. 

An-to-no-ma/si-a, n. (Gr. anti, onoma) 
the use of the name of some office or digni- 
ty instead of the name of the person. 

An'tre, n. (L. antrum) a cave ; a den. 

&.n'Yil,n.(S.anJilt) a smith's iron block. 

Anx-i'e-ty, n. (L. ango) trouble of 

mind ; concern ; solicitude, 
j^nx'ious, a. uneasy ; concerned ; careful. 
Anx'-ious-ly, ad. in an anxious manner. 
Anx'ious-ness, n. the state of being anxious. 

An'y, eVy, a. (S. ceniy) every ; who- 
ever ; whatsoever. 
An'y- wise, ad. in any manner. 
An'y- where, ad. in any place. 

A'o-rist, n. (Gr. a, horos) an indefinite 
tense in the Greek verb. 

A-or'ta, n. (Gr.) the great artery 
which rises immediately out of the left ven- 
tricle of the heart. 

A-pace', ad. (a, pace) quickly ; hasti- 
ly; speedily. 

Ap-a-gog'i-cal,a.(Gr.apo,a#0) showing 
the absurdity of denying what is affirmed, 

A-part', ad. (a, part) separately ; dis- 
tinctly ; at a distance. 
A-part'ment, n. a part of a house ; a room. 

Ap'a-thy, n. (Gr. a, pathos) want of 
„ feeling. 

Ap-a-thet'ic, a. without feeling. 
Ap-a-thls'ti-cal, a. unfeeling ; indifferent. 

Ape, n. (S. apa) a kind of monkey ; 
_ an imitator. 

A/pish, a. like an ape ; foppish ; silly. 
A'pish-ly, ad. in an apish manner. 
A'pish-ness, n. mimicry ; foppery. 

A-pe'ri-ent, a. (L. aperio) opening ; 

gently purgative. — n. a purgative. 
A-peVi-tive, a. opening ; laxative. 
Ap'er-ture, n. an opening ; a hole. 

A-pet'a-lous, a. (Gr. a, petalon) hav- 
ing no flower-leaves. 

A'pex, n. (L.) the tip or point of 
any thing : pi. a'pex-es or a'pi-ce§. 

A-phaer'e-sis, n. (Gr. apo, haired) the 
taking away of a letter or syllable from the 
beginning of a word. 

A-pheli-on, n. (Gr. apo, helios) the part 
of a planet's orbit most remote from the sun. 

Aph'o-rism, n. (Gr. apo, horos) a short 

„ pithy sentence ; a maxim. 
Aph'o-rist, n. a writer of aphorisms. 
Aph-o-rls'tic, Aph-o-rls'ti-cal, a. having the 
w form of an aphorism. 

Aph-o-ris'ti-cal-ly, ad. in the form or man- 
ner of an aphorism. 

A'pi-a-ry, n. (L. apis) a place where 
bees are kept. 

A-pieye' ad. {a, piece) to the part or 

share of each. 

A-pit'pat, ad. with quick palpitation. 

A-pliis'tre, n. (L.) the ensign carried 
in ancient ships. 

A-poc'a-lypse, n. (Gr. apo, kalapto) 
revelation ; discovery. 

A-p6c-a-lyp'tic, A-p6c-a-lyp'ti-cal, a. per- 
taining to revelation. 

A-poc'o-pe, n. (Gr.) the omission of 

the last letter or syllable of a word. 

A-poc'ry-pha, n. (Gr. apo, krupto) 

books sometimes appended to the Sacred 
Writings, but of doubtful authority. 
A-p6c'ry-phal, a. not canonical ; uncertain. 

Ap-o-dic'ti-cal, a. (Gr. apo, deixis) de- 
monstrative ; evident beyond contradiction. 

Ap'o-^ee, n. (Gr. apo,ge) the part of 
an orbit most remote from the earth. 

A-pol'o-gy, n. (Gr. apo, logos) a de- 
fence ; an excuse. 

A-p6l-o-get'ic, A-p5l-o-get'i-cal, a. said in 
defence or excuse. 

A-poFo-gist, n. one who makes an apology. 

A-pOl'o-gize, v. to make an apology. 

Ap'o-logue, n. (Gr, apo, logos) a fable. 

w n. (Gr. apo, phthegma) a remarkable saying. 
Ap-o-theg-mat'i-cal,a.containing apothegms. 
Ap-o-theg / ma-tist,n. a collector of apothegms. 
Ap-o-theg'ma-tlze, v. to utter apothegms. 

Ap'o-plex-y, n. (Gr. apo, plexis) a 
„ sudden deprivation of sense and motion. 
Ap-o-plec'tic, Ap-o-plec'ti-cal, a. relating to 

A-pos'ta-sy, n. (Gr. apo, stasis) de- 
parture from professed principles. 
A-pos'tate, n. one who renounces his reli- 
„ gion or principles. — a. false ; traitorous. 
Ap-o-stat'i-cal, a. like an apostate. 
A-pos'ta-tlze, v. to forsake one's principles. 

Ap'o-steme, Ap'o-stiime, n. (Gr. apo t 
histemi) a swelling filled with matter. 

A-pos'te-mate, v. to become an aposteme. 

A-pos-te-ma'tion, n. the formation of an apos- 
teme ; the gathering into an abscess. 

A-pos'tle, a-pos'sl, n. (Gr. apo, stello) 

one sent to preach the Gospel. 
A-p6s'tle-ship, n. the office of an apostle. 
A-pOs'to-late, n. the dignity of an apostle. 
Ap-o-stol'ic, Ap-o-stol'i-cal, a. relating to 

an apostle ; like an apostle. 

Fate, fat, far, fall; me, met, there, her; pine, pin, field, fir; note, not, nor, m6ve, son ; 




Ap-o-stol'i-cal-ly, ad. in an apostolic manner. 
Ap-o-stol'i-cal-ness, n. apostolical authority. 

A-pos'tro-phe, n. (Gr. apo, strophe) a 
turning from the persons present to ad- 
dress the a-bsent or dead ; a mark ( ' ) show- 

^ ing that a word is contracted. 

Ap-o-strOph'ic, a. denoting an apostrophe. 

A-pos'tro-phize, v. to make an apostrophe. 

Ap'o-stume. See Aposteme. 

A-poth'e-ca-ry, n. (Gr. apo, theke) one 
who compounds and sells medicines. 

Ap'o-thegm. See Apophthegm. 

Ap-o-the'o-sis, n. (Gr. apo, theos) act 
of placing among the gods ; deification. 

A-poth'e-sis, n. (Gr. apo, thesis) the 
placing of a fractured bone in its right posi- 
tion ; a repository in the primitive churches. 

A-pot'o-me, n. (Gr. apo, temno) the 
remainder or difference of two incommen- 
surable quantities. 

Ap'o-zem,rc. (Gr. apo,zeo)& decoction. 
Ap-o-zera'i-cal, a. like a decoction. 

Ap-paT, v. (L. ad, palleo) to frighten ; 

to terrify ; to depress ; to discourage. 
Ap-pal'ment, n. depression from fear. 

Ap'pa-nage, n. (L. ad, panis ?) lands 
for younger children ; sustenance. 

Ap-pa-ra'tus, n. (L.) instruments ne- 
cessary for any art or trade. 

Ap-par'el, n. (L. ad, paro) clothing ; 
dress. — v. to clothe ; to dress. 

Ap-pa'rent, a. (L. ad, pared) plain ; 

not doubtful ; seeming ; visible ; evident. 
Ap-pa'rent-ly, ad. evidently ; seemingly. 
Ap-pa-rl'tion,/?. the thing appearing; aghost. 
Ap-par'i-tor, ». a summoner ; a messenger. 
Ap-pear', v. to be in sight ; to be evident. 
Ap-pear'ance, n. the act of coming into sight; 

the thing seen ; show ; probability. 
Ap-pear'er, n. one who appears. 
Ap-pear'ing, n. the act of appearing. 

Ap-peal', v. (L. ad, pello) to transfer to 
a higher tribunal; to refer to another as 
judge or witness. — n. the removal of a cause 
to a higher tribunal; an accusation; a 
call on any one as a witness. 

Ap-peal'a-ble, a. that may be appealed. 

Ap-peal'er, n. one who appeals. 

Ap-peTlant, n. one who appeals. — a. relating 
to an appeal, or to the appealer. 

Ap-peTlate, a. relating to appeals. 

Ap-pear'. See under Apparent. 

Ap-pease', v. (L. ad, pax) to quiet ; to 

calm ; to pacify ; to reconcile. 
Ap-pea^e'ment, n. the act of appeasing. 

Ap-pel-la'tion, n. (L. ad, pello) a name ; 

a word by which any thing is called. 
Ap-peTla-tive, n. a common name as opposed 

to a proper name. — a. common. 
Ap-peTla-tive-ly, ad. as an appellative. 

Ap-pend', v. (L. ad, pendeo) to hang 

or attach to ; to add. 
Ap-pen'dage, n. something added. 

Ap-pen'dance, n. something annexed. 
Ap-pen'dant, a. hanging to ; annexed.— n. a 

part annexed ; an adventitious part. 
Ap-pen'den-cy, n. that which is annexed. 
Ap-pen'dix, n. something appended.— pi. ap- 

pen'di-fes.G/wi ap-pen'dix-es. 

Ap-per-cep'tioivn. (,,per,captum) 
perception which reflects upon itself. 

Ap-per-tain', v. (L. ad, per, teneo) to 

„ belong to ; to relate to ; to concern. 

Ap-per-tain'ment, n. that which belongs to. 

Ap-per'te-nance, Ap-pur'te-nance, n. that 
which belongs to ; an adjunct. 

Ap-per'ti-nent, Ap-pur'te-nant, a. belong- 
ing to ; relating to. 

Ap'pe-tence, Ap'pe-ten-cy, n. (L. ad, 
„ peto) desire ; sensual desire.* 
Ap'pe-tent, a. desiring; very desirous. 
Ap'pe-ti-ble, a. that may be* desired. 
Ap-pe-ti-bll'i-ty. n. quality of being desirable. 
Ap'pe-tlte, n. desire ; violent longing; hunger. 
Ap-pe-tl'tion, n. desire. 
Ap'pe-ti-tive, a. that desires. 

Ap-plaud r , v. (L. ad, plaudo) to praise 

by clapping the hands ; to commend. 
Ap-plaud'er, n. one who applauds. 
Ap-plause', n. approbation loudly expressed. 
Ap-plau »ive, a. containing applause. 

Ap'ple, 7i. (S. cepl) the fruit of the ap- 
ple-tree ; the pupil of the eye. 

Ap-ply', v. (L. ad,plico) to put to ; to 

suit to ; to study ; to address to ; to have 

recourse to ; to keep at work. 
Ap-pll'a-ble, a. that may be applied. 
Ap-pll'ance, n. the thing applied. 
Ap'pli-ca-ble, a. fit to be applied. 
Ap-pli-ca-bil'i-ty, ;?. the being applicable. 
Ap'pli-ca-ble-ness, n. fitness to be applied. 
Ap'p'i-cant, n, one who applies. 
Ap-pli-ca'tion, ji. the act of applying ; in- 

tense study ; great industry. 
Ap'pli-ca-tive, a. that applies. 
Ap'pli-ca-to-ry, a. including the act of ap- 

plying. — n. that which applies. 
Ap'pli-ca-to-ri-ly, ad. so as to apply. 
Ap-pll er, n. one who applies. 

Ap-pog-ia-tu'ra, ji. (It.) a note in mu- 
sic taken out of the time of another note. 

Ap-polnt', v. (L. ad* punctum) to fix ; 
to settle ; to decree ; to furnish. 

Ap-polnt'er, n. one who appoints. 

Ap-pOInt'ment, n. the act of appointing ; sti- 
pulation ; decree ; direction ; equipment. 

Ap-poVtion, v. (L. ad,portio) to divide 

and assign in just proportion. 
Ap-por'tion-ment, n. a dividing into portions. 

Ap'po-site, a. (L. ad, positum) proper ; 

ht ; well adapted to. 
Ap'po-site-ly, ad. properly; fitly S suitably. 
Ap'po-site-ness, n. fitness ; suitableness. 
Ap-po-sl'tion, n. addition ; the putting of 

two nouns in the same case. 
Ap-pos/i-tive, a. applicable. 

Ap-praise r , v. (L. ad, pret'mm) to set a 

price upon any thing, in order to sale. 
Ap-praise'ment, n. the act of apprai;>ing. 
Ap-praiser, n. one wfto sets a price. 

tube, tub, fail ; cry, crypt, myrrh ; toll, bdy, Our, nOw, new ; cede, gem, raije, exist, thin. 




Ap-pre-ca tion, n. (L. ad, precor) ear- 
w nest prayer or well-wishing. 
Ap'pre-ca-to-ry, a. praying or wishing good. 

Ap-pre'9i-ate, v. (L. ad, pretium) to 

value ; to estimate. 
Ap-pre-ci-a'tion, n. valuation ; estimation. 

Ap-pre-hend', v. (L. ad, prehendo) to 
lay hold on ; to seize ; to conceive by the 

^ mind ; to fear ; to notice. 

Ap-pre-hend'er, n. one who apprehends. 

Ap-pre-hen'si-ble, a. that may be appre- 

M hended or conceived. 

Ap-pre-hen'sion, n. the act of apprehending ; 

„ the faculty of conceiving ideas ; fear. 

Ap-pre-h6n'sive, a. quick to understand; 

v fearful ; suspicious. 

Ap-pre-hgn'sive-ness, n. the quality of being 

Ap-pren'tic^, n. (L. ad, prehendo) one 

bound to learn an art or trade. — v. to put 

out as an apprentice. 
Ap-prgn'tice-ship, n. the state or term of 

being an apprentice. 
Ap-prize', v. (Fr. appris) to inform ; 

to give notice. 

Ap-proach', v. (L. ad, proximus) to 
draw near. — n. act of drawing near ; access. 
Ap-proach'a-ble, a. that may be approached. 
Ap-proa^h'er, n. one who approaches. 
Ap-proach'ment, n. the act of coming near. 

Ap-pro-ba'tion, n. (L. ad, probo) the 
„ act of approving ; attestation. 
Ap'pro-ba-tive, a. implying approbation. 
Ap'pro-ba-to-ry, a. containing approbation. 

Ap-pro'pri-ate, v. (L. ad, proprius) to 
take as one's own ; to consign to some par- 
ticular use. — a. peculiar ; fit ; adapted to. 

Ap-pro'pri-a-ble, a. that may be appro- 
priated, or applied to a particular use. 

Ap-pro'pri-ate-ly, ad. fitly ; peculiarly. 

Ap-pro'pri-ate-ness, n. peculiar fitness. 

Ap-pr6-pri-a'tion, n. the setting apart of 
any thing for one's own use ; application 
to a particular purpose. 

Ap-pro'pri-a-tor, n. one who appropriates. 

Ap-prove', v. (L. ad, probo) to like ; 

to be pleased with ; to commend ; to prove. 
Ap-prov'a-ble, a. meriting approbation. 
Ap-prov'al* n. commendation. 
Ap-prov'ance, n. approbation. 
Ap-prove'ment, n approbation ; liking. 
Ap-prov'er, n. one who approves. 
Ap-prox'i-mate, v. (L. ad, proximus) 

to bring or draw near to. — a. near to. 
Ap-pr6x-i-ma r tion, n. a drawing near to. 

Ap-pulse', n. (L. ad, pulsum) the act 
of striking against. 

A'pri-cot, A'pri-cock, n. (Fr. abricot) 
a kind of wall-fruit. 

A'pril, n. {~L.Aprilis) the fourth month 
of the year. 

A'pron, n. (Ir. aprun) a cloth worn 
before, to keep the other dress clean. 

Ap'sig, n. (Gr.) the point in a planet's 
orbit, at the greatest or least distance from 
the sun or the earth : pi. ap'si-de§. 

Apt, a. (L. apto) fit; liable to; inclin- 
ed to ; ready ; quick ; qualified for. 
Ap'ti-tude, n. fitness ; tendency ; disposition. 
Apt'ly, ad. properly ; justly ; readily. 
Apt'ness, n. fitness ; quickness ; tendency. 

Ap'te-ra, n. (Gr. a, pteron) insects 

without wings. 

Ap'tote, n. (Gr. a, ptosis) a noun with- 
out cases. 

A-quat'ic, a. (L. aqua) pertaining to 
_ water ; living or growing in water. 
A/que-ous, a. of the nature of water. 
Aq'ue-duct, n. an artificial channel for water. 
Aq-ua-for'tis, n. nitric acid. 
Aq-ua-re'gi-a, n. nitro -muriatic acid. 
A-qua'ri-us, n. the water-bearer, one of the 
signs of the zodiac. 

Aq'ui-line, a. (L. aquila) like an eagle ; 

Ar'a-bic, a. belonging to Arabia, — 
w n. the language of Arabia. 
Ar'a-besque, a. in the manner of Arabian 
architecture and sculpture. 

Ar r a-ble, a. (L. aro) fit for tillage. 
A-ra'tion, n. the act of ploughing. 
A-ra'ne-ous, a. (L. aranea) like a 

Ar^bal-ist. See under Archer. 

Arln-ter, n. (L.) a judge ; an umpire. 
AVbi-tra-ble, a. depending on the will. 
Ar-blt'ra-ment, n. determination ; choice. 
Ar'bi-tra-ry, a. despotic ; absolute. 
Ar'bi-tra-ri-ly, ad. despotically ; absolutely. 
Ar'bi-tra-ri-ness, n. tyranny ; choice. 
Ar'bi-trate, v. to decide ; to judge of. 
Ar-bi-tra'tion, n. the determination of a cause 
A by persons agreed upon by the parties. 
Ar'bi-tra-tor, n. an umpire ; a judge, 
Ar'bi-tress, n. a female umpire. 

Arlbour, n. (L. arbor) a shady bower. 
Ar-bo're-ous, a. belonging to trees. 
Ar-bo-reYfent, a. growing like a tree. 
Ar'bo-ret, n. a small tree or shrub. 
Ar r bo-rist, n. one who studies trees. 

Ar'bute, n. (L. arbutus) the straw- 
berry tree. 
Ar-bu'te-an, a. of the strawberry tree. 

Arc, n. (L. arcus) a segment of a circle. 
Ar-cade', n. a walk arched over. 
Arch, n. part of a circle or ellipse.— v. to 
A cover with an arch. 
Arched, a. in the form of an arch. 
Archlike, a. built like an arch. 
Arch'wl§e, ad. in the form of an arch. 
AVcu-ate, a. bent like an arch. 

Ar-ca'di-an, a. relating to Arcadia; 

pastoral; rural. 
Ar-ca'numj^XL.) a secret : jo/, ar-ca'na. 

Arch, a. (Gr. archos) chief ; principal; 

A roguish ; waggish ; sly ; shrewd. 
Arch'i-cal, a. chief; primary. 
Arch'ly, ad. waggishly ; shrewdly. 

Fate, fat, far, fall; me, met, there, her; pine, p!n, field, fir; note, not, nor, move, son; 




Ai^h'ness, n. shrewdness ; sly humour. 
Ar-cha/ic, a. (Gr. archaios) ancient. 
Ar'cha-ism, n. an ancient phrase. 
Ar-chae-6l'o-gy, Ar-chai-ol'o-gy, n. know- 
ledge of antiquity. 

Arch-an'gel, n. (Gr. archos, angelos) 

^ an angel of the highest order. 
Arch-an-geTic, a. belonging to the archangels. 

Arch-bTsh'op,ra.(Gr. archos, epi,skopeo) 

„ a bishop who superintends other bishops. 

Arch-bLsh'op-ric, n. the state or jurisdiction 
of an archbishop. 

Ar-chi-e-pls'co-pa-cy, n. the state and dig- 

„ nity of an archbishop. 

Ar-chi-e-pls'co-pal, a. belonging to an arch- 

Arch-dea'con, n. 'Gr. archos, dia, ko- 
neo) one who supplies the place of a bishop. 

Arch-dea'con-ry, n. the othce, jurisdiction, 
or residence of an archdeacon. 

Ar-chi-di-ac'o-nal, a. belonging to an arch- 

Aryh-duke', n. (Gr. archos, L. dux) a 
, title of some sovereign princes. 
Arch-du'cal, a. belonging to an archduke. 
Arch-duch'ess, n. the wife, daughter, or 
^ sister of an archduke. 
Arch-duch'y, Arch-duke'dom, n. the terri- 
tory ot an archduke. 

Arch'er, n. (L. arcus) one who shoots 
^ with a bow. 

Arch'er-y, n. the use of the bow. 
Ar'cu-bal-ist, Ar'bal-ist, n. a cross-bow. 
Ar-cu-bal'is-ter, Ar'bal-is-ter, n. a cross-bow- 
Ar'che-type, n. (Gr. archos, tupos) the 
, original'; the model ; the pattern. 
Ar'che-ty-pal, a. original. 

Ar-chi-peTa-go, n. (Gr. archos, pela- 
gos ?) a sea abounding in small islands. 

Ar'chi-tect, n. (Gr. archos, tektoii) a 
, professor of the art of building ; a builder. 
Ar'chi-tgc-tive, a. performing the work of 

architecture ; used in building. 
Ar-chi-tec-ton'ic, a. having skill to build. 
Ai / chi-t6c-ture,n.the art orscience of building. 
Ar-chi-tSc'tu-ral, a. relating to architecture. 

Ar'chi-trare, n. (Gr. archos, L. trabs) 
that part of an entablature which rests 
immediately on the capital. 

Ar'chlve§,n. pi. (GT.archeion)th.e place 
where records or ancient writings are kept. 

Ar'chon, n. (Gr.) the chief magistrate 
among the ancient Athenians. 

Arc'tic, a. (Gr. arktos) northern. 

Ar'cu-ate. See under Arc. 

Ar'cu-bal-ist. See under Archer. 

Ar'dent, a. (L. ardeo) hot ; burning ; 
a fiery ; vehement ; passionate. 
Ar'den-cy, n. heat ; warmth ; eagerness. 
AVdent-ly, ad. with warmth ; eagerly. 

ArMour, n. heat ; fervour ; eagerness. 

Ar'du-ous, a. (L. arduus) lofty ; hard 
A to climb ; difficult. 
ArMu-ous-ness, n. height ; difficulty. 

Are, third person, plural number, in- 
dicative mood, present tense of to be. 

A're-a, n. (L.) an open surface ; the 
superficial contents of a figure. 

Ar'e-ff, v. (L. areo) to make dry. 
Ar-e-fac'tion, ji. the act or state of drying. 

A-re'na, n. (L.) a place covered with 
_ sand for combats. 
Ar-e-na'ceous, a. sandy ; like sand. 

Ar-e-op'a-gite, n. (Gr. Ares, pagos) a 
member of the court of Areopagus at Athens. 

Ar'gent, a. (L. argentum) silvery ; 

bright like silver. 
Ar'gil, n. (L. argilla) potter's clay. 
Ar-gil-la'ceous, a. of the nature of clay. 
Ar-gll'lous, a. consisting of clay. 

Ar'go-naut, n. (Gr. Argo, nautes) one 
. who sailed in the ship Argo. 
Ar-go-naut'ic, a. pertaining to the Argonauts. 
Ar'go-sy, n. a merchant ship. 

Ar'gue, r. (L. arguo) to reason ; to 

dispute ; to debate ; to prove. 
Ar'gu-er, n. a reasoner ; a disputer. 
Ar'gu-ing, n. reasoning ; argument. 
Ar'gu-ment, n. a reason alleged ; the subject 
A of any discourse ; controversy. 
Ar-gu-inent'al, a. belonging to'argument. 
Ar-gu-men-ta'tion, n. the act of reasoning. 
Ar-gu-ment'a-tive, a. consisting of argument. 
Ar-gu-ment'a-tive-ly, ad. by argument. 
Ar'gu-nien-tlze, v. to debate ; to reason. 

Ar-giitc', a. (L. arc/utus) sharp ; witty. 
Ar-gute'ness, 11. acuteness ; wittiness. 

A'ri-an, /?. one of the sect of Arius, 
_ who denied the divinity of Christ. 
A'ri-an-ism, n. the doctrine of the Arians. 

Ar'id, a. (L. areo) dry ; parched. 
A-rld'i-ty, n. dryness. 

A'ri-es, n. (L.) the ram, one of the 
_ signs of the zodiac. 
Ar-i-e-ta'tion, n. the act of butting like a ram. 

A-right', a-rit', ad. (a, right) rightly. 

A-ri-o-la'tion, Har-i-o-lii'tion, n. (L. 
hariolus) soothsaying ; foretelling. 

A-rlse', v. (S. arisan) to mount up- 
ward ; to get up ; to proceed from : p. L 
a-rose' ; p. p. a-rls'en. 

Ar'is-tar-chy, n. (Gr. aristos, arche) a 
body of good men in power. 

Ar-is-toc , ra-5) T , n. (Gr. aristos, kratos) 
government by the nobles ; the principal 

_ persons in the state. 

Ar'is-to-crat, n. one who favours aristocracy. 

Ar-is-to-crat'ic, Ar-is-to-crat'i-cal, a. relat- 
ing to aristocracy. 

tube, tub, full; cry, crypt, myrrh; toll, bO?, 6ur, now, new; cede, gem, raise, exist, thin. 




Ar-is-to-erat'i-cal-ly, ad. in an aristocratical 

Ar-is-to-teli-an,a .relating to A ristotle. 

A-ritn'me-tic, n. (Gr. arithmos) the 
w science of numbers. 

Ar-ith-mSt'i-cal, a. relating to arithmetic. 
Ar-ith-metl-cal-ly, ad. by arithmetic 
A-rIth-me-tI'cian,? skilled in arithmetic. 

Ark, n. (L. area) a chest ; a close vessel. 

Arm, n. (S. earm) the limb which 
reaches from the hand to the shoulder ; a 

„ bough of a tree ; an inlet of the sea. 

Arm'ful, n. what the arms can hold. 

Armless, a. without an arm. 

Armlet, w. a little arm ; a bracelet. 

Armliole, Arm'plt, n. the cavity under the 

Arm, v.(lt. armo) to furnish with arms; 

m to take arms ; to provide against. 

Arms, n. pi. weapons of offence or defence ; 
a state of hostility ; ensigns armorial. 

Ar-ma'da, n. (Sp.) a naval armament. 

Ar-ma-dlllo, n. (Sp.) an animal, armed 

A with a bony shell. 

Ar'ma-ment/n. a force equipped for war. 

Ar'ma-ture, n. armour for defending the body. 

Ar-mip'o-tent, a. powerful in arms. 

Ar'mis-^e, n. a cessation from arms. 

Ar'mour, n. defensive arms. 

Ar'mor-er, n. one who makes or sells arms. 

Ar-mo'ri-al, a. belonging to the arms or 

„ escutcheon of a family. 

Ar'mo-ry, n. the place in which arms are kept. 

Arlny, n. a large body of armed men. 

Arlnour-bear-er, n. one who carries the ar- 
mour of another. 

Ar-milla-ry, a. (L. armilla) resem- 
bling a bracelet. 

Ar-mm'ian, a. relating to the doctrine 

of Arminius. — n. a follower of Arminius. 
Ar-mln'ian-ism, n. the doctrine of Arminius. 

A-ro'ma, n. (Gr.) the fragrant prin- 
„ ciple in plants. 

Ar-o-matlc,Ar-o-mat'i-cal,a.spicy; fragrant. 
Ar-o-matlc, n. 2l fragrant drug. 
Ar'o-ina-tize, v. to scent ; to perfume. 
ArVma-tlz-er, n. that which perfumes. 

A -rose', p. t. of arise. 

A -round", ad. (a, round) in a circle ; 
on every side.— prep, about ; encircling. 

A -rouse', v. (a, rouse) to wake from 
sleep ; to raise up ; to excite. 

A-row 7 , ad. (a, row) in a row. 

A-roynt' , int. (Fr. ronger I) begone ; 

Ar-peg'gi-o, n. (It.) distinct instru- 
mental chords accompanying the voice. 

Ar'que-buse, n. (Fr.) a hand-gun. 
Ar-que-bu-sade', n. the shot of an arquebuse ; 
, a distilled water for wounds. 
Ar-que-bu-sier 7 , n. a soldier armed with an 

Ar'rack. A-rack', n. a spirituous liquor 

distilled in the East Indies. 

Ar-raign', ar-ran', v. (S. wregan \) 

to indict ; to accuse ; to charge. 
Ar-raign'ment, n. the act of arraigning. 

Ar- range', v. (Fr. ranger) to put in 
proper" order ; to adjust ; to settle. 

Ar-range'ment, n. the act of putting in order ; 
adjustment; settlement; classification. 

Ar-rang'er, n. one who arranges. 

Ar'rant, a. (L. erro?) infamous. 
Ar'rant-ly, ad. infamously ; shamefully. 

Ar'ras, n. a kind of tapestry, manu- 
factured at Arras in France. 

Ar-ray', v. (S. wrigan \) to deck ; to 
put in order. — n. dress ; order. 

Ar-rear r , n. (L. ad, retro X) that which 

remains unpaid. 
Ar-rear'age, n. the remainder of a debt. 

Ar-rect', a. (L. ad. rectum) upright ; 

erect; attentive. 

Ar-rep'tion, n. (L. ad, raptum) the 
w act of snatching away. 
Ar-rep-tl'tious, a. snatched away ; mad. 

Ar-rest', v. (L. ad, re, sto) to stop ; to 
obstruct ; to seize under a legal process. — 
n. seizure under a legal process. 

Ar-rTve', v. (L. ad, ripa) to come to a 

place ; to reach ; to happen. 
Ar-rl'val, n. the act of coming to a place. 

Ar'ro-gate, v. (L. ad, rogo) to claim 

_ proudly or vainly ; to assume. 
Ar'ro-gance, Ar'ro-gan-cy, n. assumption of 

_ too much importance. 
Ar'ro-gant, a. assuming ; haughty ; proud. 
Ar'ro-gant-ly, ad. in an arrogant manner. 
Ar-ro-ga'tion, n. the act of arrogating. 
Ar'ro-ga-tive, a. claiming unjustly. 

Ar'row, n. (S. arewa) the pointed 

weapon shot from a bow. 
AVrow-y, a. like an arrow. 

Ar'se-nal, n. (L. arx, navalis I) a ma- 
gazine of military or naval stores. 

Ar'se-nic, n. (Gr. arsen) a mineral 

Ar-senl-cal, a. containing arsenic. 

Ar'son, n. (L. arsum) the crime of 


Art, second person singular, indicative 
mood, present tense of to be. 

Art, n. (L. ars) the power of doing ; 
A skill ; a trade ; dexterity ; cunning. 
Art'ful, a. skilful ; cunning. 
Art'ful-ly, ad. skilfully ; cunningly. 
Art'ful-ness, n. skill ; cunning. 
Ar'ti-flce, n. trick ; fraud; trade. 
Ar-tlf i-?er, n. a mechanic ; a contriver.- 
Ar-ti-fl'cial, a. made by art ; not natural. 
Ar-ti-fl-ci-al'i-ty, n. quality of being artificial. 
Ar-ti-f I'cial-ly, ad. by art ; not naturally. 
Artl-san, n. a mechanic ; a handicraftsman. 

Fate, fat, far, fall ; me, m6t, there, her ; pine, pin, field, fir ; note, not, nor, m6v«, son ; 




Art'ist, n. a skilful man ; one who practises 

^ any of the tine arts. 

Art'Iess, a. unskilful ; void of fraud ; simple. 

Artless-ly, ad. in an artless manner. 

Art'less-ness, n. want of art. 

Arts'man, n a man skilled in arts. 

Ar'te-ry, n. (Gr. aer, tereo) a vessel 
which conveys the blood from the heart to 
the different parts of the body. 

Ar-te'ri-al, a. relating to an artery. 

Ar-thrit'ic, Ar-thrit'i-cal, a. (Gr. ar- 
thron) relating to the joints or to the gout. 

Ar'ti-^hoke, n. (Fr. artichaut) an escu- 
lent plant, resembling a thistle. 

Ar'ti-cle, n. (L. artus) one of the parts 

of speech ; a single clause of an account ; 

a stipulation. — v. to draw up or bind by 

articles ; to stipulate. 
Ar-Uc'u-late, a. jointed ; distinct. — v. to 

utter words distinctly. 
Ar-tlc'u-Late-ly, ad. in an articulate voice. 
Ar-tlc-u-la'tion, n. distinct utterance ; a joint. 

Ar-tSler-y, n. (Fr. artillerie) missive 
weapons of war ; cannon ; ordnance. 

A-rus'pice, n. (L. aruspex) a sooth- 
sayer ; a diviner by the entrails of beasts. 

A-rus'pi-cy, n. the act of prognosticating by 
inspecting the entrails of sacrifices. 

As, con. (S. ase) in the same or like 
manner ; in the manner that ; that — 
ad. similarly ; in respect of; for example. 

As-a-foet'i-da, n. (asa, L. foetidus) a 
gum resin of an offensive smell. 

As-bes'tos, n. (Gr. a, sbeo) a mineral 
substance, fibrous and incombustible. 

As-beVtine, a. pertaining to asbestos ; in- 

As-cend', v. (L. ad, scando) to climb 
up ; to move upwards ; to rise. 

As-pen'dant, n. height ; elevation ; superi- 
ority. — a. superior ; above the horizon. 

As-pfin'den-py, n. influence ; power. 

As-pen'sion, n. the act of ascending. 

As-cen'sive, a. rising ; tending to rise. 

As-pgnt', n. the act of rising; an eminence. 

As-pen'sion-day, n. the day on wbich the 
ascension of our Saviour is commemorated. 

As-cer-tain', v. (L. ad, certus) to make 

certain ; to establish ; to determine. 
As-per-tain'a-ble, a. that may be ascertained. 
As-per-tain'ment, n. the act of ascertaining. 

As-cet'ic, a. (Gr. askeo) employed in 

devout exercises ; austere n. a devout 

recluse ; a hermit. 

As-p6t'i-pi§m, n. the state of an ascetic. 

As'ci-I, n. pi. (Gr. a, skia) people 
living in the torrid zone, who, at certain 
times of the year, have no shadow at noon. 

As-crtes, n. (Gr. askos) a species of 

dropsy ; a swelling of the abdomen. 
As-plt'ic, As-plt'i-cal, a. dropsical. 


J-^i-tftious, a. (L. ad, scitum) addi- 
tional; supplemental. 

A-scribe', v. (L. ad, scribo) to attribute 

to as a cause ; to impute ; to assign. 
A-scrlb'a-ble, a. that may be ascribed. 
A-scrlp'tion, n. the act of ascribing. 
As-crip-tl'tious, a. that is ascribed. 

Ash, n. (S. cbsc) a tree, or its wood. 
Ash'en, a. made of ash. 
Ash'col-oured, a. between brown and gray, 
like the bark of ash. 

A-shamed', a. (a, shame) affected by 
shame; abashed; confused. 

Ash'es, n. pi. (S. asce) the remains of 
_ any thing burnt ; the remains of a dead body. 
Ash'y, a. like ashes ; pale. 
Ash Wednesday, n. the first day of Lent. 

A-shore', ad. (a, shore) on shore ; 
to the shore ; stranded. 

A/sian, a. relating to Asia. 
A-sVat'ic, a. belonging to Asia.— n. a native 
_ or inhabitant of Asia. 
A-§i-at'i-pism, n. imitation of the Asiatics. 

A-sIde', ad. (a, side) to one side ; apart. 

Asl-nme. See under Ass. 

Ask, v. (S. acsian) to beg ; to petition ; 

to demand ; to question ; to inquire. 
Ask'er, n. a petitioner; an inquirer. 

As-kance', As-kant', ad. (I>. schuin) 

sideways ; obliquely. 
As-kew', ad. (Dan. skioev) obliquely ; 


A-slant', ad. (a, slant) obliquely ; on 
one side. 

A-sleep', ad. (a, sleep) sleeping. 

A-slope', ad. (S. aslupan) with de- 
clivity ; obliquely. 

Asp, As'pic, n. (Gr. aspis) a poison- 
ous serpent. 

Asp, As'pen, n. (S. aespe) a species of 

poplar, with trembling leaves. 
As'pen, a. relating to the aspen tree. 

As-paVa-gus,n. (L.) an esculent plant. 

As'pect, n. (L. ad, spectum) look ; 
countenance ; view ; situation. 

As'per-ate, v. ( L. asper) to make rough. 
As-p£r'i-ty, n. roughness ; harshness. 
As'per-ous, a. rough ; uneven. 

A-sperse', v. (L. ad, sparsiim) to 

slander ; to calumniate ; to cast upon. 
A-sper'sion, n. a sprinkling; calumny. 

As-phaTtos (Gr.) As-phaTtum (L.) n. 

bitumen ; Jew's pitch. 
As-phal'tic, a. bituminous ; gummy. 

As'pho-del,7i.(Gr. asphodelos) day-lily. 

A-spire', v. (L. ad, spiro) to desire 

eagerly ; to pant after ; to aim at. 
A-spIr'ant, n. one who aspires ; a candidate. 
As'pi-rate, v. to pronounce with full breath. 

— a. pronounced with full breath. — n. the 

mark of aspiration. 
As-pi-ra'tion, n. a breathing after ; an ardent 

wish ; act of pronouncing with full breath. 

tube, tfeb, fail ; cry, crypt, myrrh ; t&Il, boy, 6ur, n6w, new ; pede, gem, raise, exist, thin. 




A-spIre'ment, n. the act of aspiring. 

A-spIr'er, ft. one who aspires. 

A-spir'ing, n. the desire of something great. 

As-por-ta'tion, n. (L. abs, porto) the 

act of carrying' away. 
A-squmt', ad. (D. schuin) obliquely. 

Ass,n. (L. asinus) an animal of burden. 
As'i-nlne, a. pertaining to an ass. 
Ass'head, ft. a dull person ; a blockhead, 

As-sail', v. (L. ad, salio) to fall upon ; 

to attack ; to invade. 
As-sail'a-ble, a. that may be attacked. 
As-sail'ant, a. attacking. — ft. one who attacks. 
As-sail'er, n. one who attacks. 
As-sail'ment, ft. the act of assailing. 

As-sas'sin, n. (Fr.) a secret murderer. 
As-sas'si-nate, v. to murder secretly. 
As-sas-si-na'tion, ft. the act of murdering. 
As-sas'si-na-tor, n. one who assassinates. 

As-sault', v. (L. ad, saltum) to attack 

with violence. — ft. an attack ; an onset. 
As-sault'a-ble, a. that may be assaulted. 
As-sault'er, n. one who assaults. 

As-say', v. (Fr . essay er) to try or prove, 

as metals. — ft. a trial ; examination. 
As-say'er, w. one who assays metals. 

As-se-cu'tion, n. (L. ad, secutum) 

acquirement ; act of obtaining. 
As-sem'ble, v. (L. ad, simul) to bring 

together ; to meet together. 
As-s6m'blage, ft. a collection of individuals. 
As-s6m'bler, ft. one who assembles. 
As-semlaling, n. a meeting together. 
As-sem'bly, ft. a company ; a convocation. 
As-s6m'bly-r66m, w. a room in which persons 

assemble, especially at public meetings. 

As-sent', v. (L. ad, sentio) to agree to ; 
to admit as true ; to concede. — ft. the act 
. of agreeing to ; consent. 
As-sen-ta'tion, ft. compliance out of flattery. 
As-s6nt'er, ft. one who assents ; a favourer. 
As-sgnt'ment, ft. agreement ; consent. 

As-sert', v. (L. ad, sertum) to affirm ; 

to maintain ; to claim. 
As-seVtion,ft.theact of asserting; affirmation. 
As-ser'tive, a. positive ; dogmatical. 
As-seytive-ly, ad. affirmatively. 
As-ser'tor, n. a maintainer ; a vindicator. 
As'ser-to-ry, a. affirming ; supporting. 

As-sess', v. (L. ad, sessum) to rate ; to 

fix the proportion of a tax. 
As-ses'sion-a-ry, a. pertaining to assessors. 
As-sess'ment, 'ft. the act of assessing; the 

sum levied on certain property. 
As-ses'sor, n. one who assesses ; an assistant 

in council. 

As'sets, n. pi. (L. ad, satis) goods suf- 
ficient to discharge all legal claims. 

As-seVer, As-seVer-ate, v. (L. ad, se- 

verus) to affirm solemnly. 
As-s6v-er-a'tion, n. solemn affirmation. 

As-si-du'i-ty, n. (L. ad, sedeo) dili- 
gence ; closeness of application. 
As-sld'u-ous, a. constant in application. 
As-sld'u-ous-ly, ad. diligently; constantly. 

As-sTd'u-ous-ness, ft. constant application. 

As-sign', as-sln', v. (L. ad, signo) to 
mark out ; to apportion ; to make over.— 
ft. one to whom assignment is made. 

As-slgn'a-ble, a. that may be assigned. 

As-sig-na'tion, w. an appointment to meet. 

As-sign-ee', ft. one to whom assignment is 
made; one appointed or deputed by another. 

As-sign'er, ft. one who assigns. 

As-slgn'ment, ft. the act of assigning; a 
transfer of title or interest. 

As-sTm'i-late, v. (L. ad, similis) to 

make or grow like. 
As-slm'i-la-ble, a. that may be made like. 
As-sim-i-la'tion, ft. the act of assimilating. 
As-slm / i-la-tive,a.having power to assimilate. 

As-sist', v. (L. ad, sisto) to help. 
As-slst'ance, ft. help ; aid ; succour. 
As-slst'ant, a. helping ; aiding. — ft. one who 

assists ; a helper. 
As-slst'less, a. without help. 

As-size', n. (L. ad, sessum) a court held 
twice a-year to try causes by a judge and 
jury ; a statute for determining weight or 
price.— v. to fix a rate of weight or price. 

As-slz'er, n. an officer who inspects weights 
and measures. 

As-so'ci-ate, v. (L. ad, socius) to unite 
with; to join in company. — a. joined with ; 
confederate. — ft. a companion ; a partner. 

As-so-ci-a'tion, ft. union; confederacy; part- 
nership ; connexion ; an assembly. 

As-scVci-a-tor, ft. a confederate. 

As-soTl', v. (L. ab, solvo) to solve ; to 
set free ; to acquit. 

As-sort', v. (L. ad, sors) to class ; to 
arrange into kinds of like quality. 

As-sort'ment, ft. the act of classing ; a quan- 
tity selected or arranged. 

As-suage', v. (L. ad, suavis ?) to soften ; 

to mitigate ; to abate. 
As-suage'ment, ft. mitigation ; abatement. 
As-sua'sive, a. softening ; mitigating. 

As'sue-tude, n. (L. ad, suetum) cus- 
tom; habit; use. 

As-sume', v. (, sumo) to take to ; 
to take for granted ; to arrogate. 

As-sum'er, ft. one who assumes. 

As-sQm'ing, p. a. arrogant ; haughty. 

As-sump'tion, w. the act of taking; suppo- 
sition ; the thing supposed. 

As-sump'sit, ft. the legal term for a volun- 
tary promise. 

As-sur e',v.(L. ad, securus)to give confi- 
dence ; to make secure ; to assert positively. 

As-sur'ance, ft. certain expectation; confi- 
dence ; want of modesty ; security. 

As-sured', p. a. certain ; not doubting. 

As-sQr'ed-ly, ad. certainly ; indubitably. 

As-sur'ed-ness, ft. the state of being assured. 

As-sur'er, ft. one who assures. 

As'ter-isk, n. (Gr. aster) a star or 

mark in printing, as *. 
AVter-ism, ft. a constellation ; an asterisk. 
As'ter-61d, ft. a name of the four small planets 

between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter. 

Fate, fat, far, fall ; rag, met, there, her ; pine, pin, field, fir ; note, n6t, nor, move, son ; 



A-stern', ad. (a, stern) at the hinder 
part of a ship. 

Asth'ma, ast'ma, n. (Gr.) shortness 
of breath ; difficulty of breathing. 

Asth-mat'ic, Asth-mat'i-«al, a. troubled with 

As-ton'ish, v. (L. ad, tono) to amaze ; 

to surprise ; to confound. 
As-tOn'ish-ing, a. wonderful ; surprising. 
As-ton'ish-ing-ly, ad. in a surprising manner. 
As-tOn'ish-ment, n. amazement ; surprise. 
As-tOund', v. to strike with amazement. 

As'tra-gal, n. (Gr. astragalos) the 
moulding round the top and bottom of a 

As'tral, a. (Gr. aster) starry. 

A-stray', ad. (a, strat/) out of the 
right way. 

A-strict', v. (L. ad, slrictum) to bind. 
A-strlc'tion, n. the act of binding. 
A-strlc'tive, a. binding ; contracting. 

A-stride', ad. (a, stride) with the legs 

A-strin^e', v. (L. ad, stringo) to bind 

together ; to contract. 
A.-strIn'gen-9y, n. the power of contracting. 
A-strln'gent, a. binding ; contracting. — 

n. medicine which contracts. 

X.s'tro-labe, n. (Gr. aster, labein) an 
instrument formerly used to take the alti- 
tude of the sun or stars. 

As-trol'o-gy, n. (Gr. aster, logos) the 
pretended science of foretelling by the stars. 
As-tr6l'o-ger, As-tro-lo'gi-an, n. one who pro- 
^ fesses to foretell events by the stars. 
As-tro-l6g'ic, As-tro-lOg'i-cal, a. relating to 
„ astrology ; professing astrology. 
As-tro-lOg'i-cal-ly, ad. accordingly astrology. 

As-tron'o-my, n. (Gr. aster, nomos) the 
science which treats of the heavenly bodies. 

As-trOn'o-mer, n. one skilled in astronomy. 

As-tro-nOm'ic, As-tro-n6m'i-cal, a. pertain- 
ing to astronomy. 

As-tro-nfim'i-cal-ly, ad. in an astronomical 
manner ; by the principles of astronomy. 

As-trOn'o-mlze, v. to study astronomy. 

As-tro-the-6To-gy, n. (Gr. aster, theos, 
logos) proof of a deity founded on the obser- 
vation of the heavenly bodies. 

A- strut', ad. (a, strut) in a strutting 

As-tute', a. (L. astutus) cunning ; 
shrewd; penetrating; sharp. 

A-sun'der, ad. {a, sunder) apart ; 
separately ; not together. 

A-sylum, n. (L.) a place of retreat. 

A-sym'me-try, n. (Gr. a, sun, metron) 
want of proportion. 

A-sym'me-tral, A-sym-met'ri-cal, a. not hav- 
ing symmetry ; not agreeing ; diiiering. 

As'ymp-tote, n. (Gr. a, sun, pipto) a 

line which continually approaches a curve 
without ever meeting it. 

A-syn'de-ton, n. (Gr. a, sun, deo) a 
figure which omits the conjunctions. 

At, prep. (S. cet) denoting nearness, 
presence, or direction towards. 

At'a-bal, n. (Sp.) a kind of tabor. 

At'a-rax-y, n. (Gr. a, tarasso) calm- 
ness of mind ; tranquillity. 

At'ax-y, n. (Gr. a, taxis) want of 
order ; disturbance ; confusion. 

Ate, p. t. of eat. 

Ath-a-na'sian, a. relating to the creed 
of Athanasius.—n. a follower of Athanasius. 

A'the-ism, n. (Gr. a, theos) disbelief 

_ in the existence of a God. 

A'the-ist, n. one who denies the existence 

_ of a God. 
A-the-Is'tic, A-the-ls'ti-cal, a. pertaining to 

_ atheism ; impious. 

A-the-Is'ti-cal-ness, n. the being atheistical 
A-the-Is'ti-cal-ly,«< an atheistical manner. 
A'the-ous, a. ungodly ; profane. 

A-thirst', adXa, thirst) in want of drink. 

Athlete, n. (Gr. athletes) a contender 

for victory of strength ; a wrestler. 
Ath-let'ic, a. strong of body ; vigorous. 

A-thwart', prep, {a, thwart) across ; 
from side to side. — ad. crossly ; wrong. 

A -tilt', ad. (a, tilt) in the manner of a 
tilter ; in a raised posture. 

Atlas, n. (Gr.) a collection of maps. 

At-lan-te'an, a. pertaining to Atlas. 
At-lan'tic, a. relating to the ocean on the 
west of Europe and Africa. 

At'mos-phGre, n. (Gr. atmos, sphaira) 
the air which encompasses the earth. 

At-raos-pher'ic, At-mos-pher'i-cal, a. be- 
longing to the atmosphere. 

At'om, n. (Gr. a, temno) an extremely 

small particle. 
A-tOm'i-cal, a. pertaining to atoms. 
At'om-ism, n. the doctrine of atoms. 
At'om-ist, n. one who holds the doctrine of 


A -tone', v. (at, one) to make satisfac- 
tion for ; to expiate ; to reconcile. 
A-tone'ment, n. expiation ; satisfaction. 

A -top', ad. (a, top) on or at the top. 

At-ra-bi-la'ri-an, At-ra-bi-la'ri-ous, a. 
(L. ater, bills) affected with black bile ; 

At-ra-ment'al, At-ra-ment'ous, a. (L. 
atramentum) inky ; black. 

A-tro'cious, a. (L. atrox) wicked in a 

high degree ; enormous ; outrageous. 
A-tro'cious-ly, ad. in an atrocious manner. 
A-trO^ious-ness, n. enormous wickedness. 
A-trO^i-ty, n. horrible wickedness. 

At'ro-phy, n. (Gr. a, trepho) a wast- 
ing away. 

tube, tub, full ; cr?, er^pt, myrrh ; toil, bay, Our, now, new ; cede, gem, raise, e^ist, thin. 




At-tach', v. (Fr. attacker) to take ; to 
seize ; to fix ; to win ; to gain over. 

At-tach'ment, n. adherence ; fidelity ; union 
of affection ; an apprehension. 

At-tack', v. (Fr. attaquer) to assault ; 

to fall upon. — n. an assault ; an onset. 
At-task'er, n. one who attacks. 

At-tain', v. (L. ad, teneo) to gain; 

to come to ; to reach ; to arrive at. 
A.t-tain'a-ble, a. that maybe attained. 
At-tain'a-ble-ness, n. the being attainable. 
At-tain'ment, n. that which is attained. 

At-taint', v. (L. ad, tinctum) to dis- 
grace; to corrupt; to find guilty of treason. 
At-tain'der, n. the act of attainting. 
At-taint'ment, n. the state of being attainted. 
At-taint'ure, n. imputation ; reproach. 

At-tem'per, v. (L. ad, tempero) to 
mingle ; to soften ; to regulate ; to fit to. 
At-t8m'per-ate, a. proportioned ; suited. 

At-tempt', v. (L. ad,tento) to try ; to 

endeavour. — n. a trial ; an attack. 
At-tempt'a-ble, a. that may be attempted. 
At-tSmpt'er, n. one who attempts. 

At-tend', v. (L. ad, tendo) to fix the 
mind upon ; to wait on ; to accompany. 

At-t£nd'ance, n. the act of waiting on ; ser- 
vice ; the persons waiting. 

At-tend'ant, a. accompanying. — n. one who 
attends, or is present. 

At-tSnd'er, n. a companion ; an associate. 

At-t6nt' ? a. heedful ; regardful. 

At-tSn'tion, n. the act of attending ; civility. 

At-teVtive, a. full of attention ; heedful. 

At-ten'tive-ly, ad. heedfully ; carefully. 

At-tSn'tive-ness, n. state of being attentive. 

At-ten'u-ate, v. (L. ad, tenuis) to make 

thin or slender. — a. made thin. 
At-ten'u-ant, a. making thin. 
At-ten-u-a'tion, n. the act of making thin. 

At-test', v. (L. ad, testis) to bear wit- 
_ ness to ; to affirm ; to invoke. 
At-tes-ta'tion, n. testimony ; evidence. 
At-test'er, At-test'or, n. a witness. 

At'tic, a. relating to A ttica or Athens ; 
elegant ; classical. — n. a native of Attica ; 
w the uppermost room in a house ; a garret. 
At'ti-cl§e, v. to use atticisms. 
At'ti-ci^m, n. an Attic idiom. 

At-tlre', v. (S. tier) to dress ; to ar- 
ray.— n. clothes ; dress ; the headdress. 
At-tlr'ing, ». dress ; the headdress. 

At'ti-tude, n. (L. apto) posture ; po- 
sition ; gesture. 

At-tol'lent, a. (L. ad, tollo) lifting up. 

At-torn', v. (L. ad, torno) to transfer 
the service of a vassal or tenant. 

At-tor'ney, n. one who acts for another, 
especially in matters of law. 

At-tor'ney-ship, n. the office of an attorney. 

At-torn'ment, n. the yielding to a new lord. 

At-traot', v. (L. ad, tractum) to draw 

to ; to allure ; to entice ; to engage. 
At-trac r ta-ble, a. that may be attracted. 
At-trac-ta-bll'i-ty, n. quality of attracting. 

At-tr&c'tionjn. the act or power of drawing to. 
At-trac'tive, a. drawing to ; alluring; inviting. 
At-trac'tive-ly, ad. in an attractive manner. 
At-trac r tive-ness, n. the being attractive. 
At-trac'tor, n. one that attracts. 
At'tra-hent, n. that which attracts. 

At-trib'ute, v. (L. ad, tributum) to give 
w as due ; to ascribe ; to impute. 
At'tri-bute, n. the thing attributed ; a quality. 
At-trlb'u-ta-ble, a. that may be attributed. 
At-tri-bu'tion, n. the act of attributing. 
At-trlb'u-tive, a. expressing an attribute — 
n. a word expressing an attribute. 

At-trlte', a. (L. ad, tritum) worn by 

rubbing ; grieved for sin. 
At-trl'tion, n. the act of wearing ; grief for sin. 
At-tiine', v. (L. ad, tonus) to make 

musical ; to adjust one sound to another. 

Auburn, a. (S. bruri) brown ; of a 
dark tan colour. 

Atic'tion, n. (L. auctum) a public sale 
„ by bidding ; the things sold by auction. 
Auc / tion-a-ry, a. belonging to an auction. 
Auc-tion-eCr r , n. one who sells by auction. 

Au-da'cious, a. (L. audaoc) bold ; im- 
„ pudent ; daring ; confident. 
Au-da'cious-ly, ad. boldly; impudently. 
Au-da'cious-ness, n. boldness ; impudence. 
Au-dac'i-ty, n. boldness ; effrontery. 

Au'di-ble, a. (L. audio) that may be 
„ heard ; loud enough to be heard. 
Au'di-bly, ad. so as to be heard. 
Au'di-ence, n. the act of hearing; admit- 
„ tance to a hearing ; an assembly of hearers. 
Au'dit, n. a final account. — v. to examine 
„ and adjust an account. 
Au'di-tor, n. a hearer ; one who examines 
w and adjusts an account. 
Au'di-tor-ship, n. the office of an auditor. 
Au'di-to-ry, a. having the power of hearing. 
— n. an assembly of hearers ; a place where 
„ lectures are to be heard. 
Au'di-tress, n. a female hearer. 

Au'ger, Au'gre, n. (S. nafe-gar ?) a tool 

for boring holes. 
Aught, at, n. (S. aht) any thing. 

Aug-ment', v. (L. augeo) to increase. 
Aug'ment;, n. increase ; state of increase. 
Aug-ment'a-ble, a. that may be increased. 
Aug-men-ta'tion, n. the act of increasing ; 
state of being increased ; the thing added. 
Aug-ment'a-tive, a. that augments. 
Aug-ment'er, n. one who augments. 

Au'gur, n. (L.) one who predicts by 
„ omens ; a soothsayer. — v. to predict by signs. 
Au'gu-rate, v. to judge by augury. 
Au-gu-ra'tion, n. the practice of augury. 
Au-gu'ri-al, a. relating to augury. 
Au'gu-rous, a. predicting ; foreboding. 
Au'gu-ry, n. prediction by omens. 

Aii-gust', a. (L. augustus) grand ; 

m magnificent ; majestic ; awful. 
Au-gtist'ness, n. dignity; majesty. 
Au'gust, n. the eighth month of the year, 
named in honour of Augustus Caesar. 

Fate, fat, far, fall; me, met, there, her; pine, pin, field, fir; note, n&t, nor, m6ve, son 




Au-gusfan, a. pertaining to Augustus. 

Au-la/ri-an, n. (L. aula) the member 

of a hall. 
Au1ic, a. pertaining to a royal court. 

Aunt, n. (L. amita) a father's or mo- 
ther's sister. 

Au/re-ate, a. (L. aurum) golden. 
Au-reli-a, n. the chrysalis of an insect. 
Au-rlf er-ous, a. producing gold. 

Au'ri-cle, n. (L. auris) the external 
ear ; an appendage of the heart. 

Au-rTc'u-la, n. bear's ear, a flower. 

Au-rlc'u-lar, a. pertaining to the ear ; secret. 

Au-rlc'u-lar-ly, ad. in a secret manner. 

Au-ru'ra, n. (L.) the dawn of the day. 

Au-ro'ra Bo-re-a'lis, n. (L.) a meteor seen 
in the northern hemisphere. 

Aus-cul-ta'tion, n. (L. auris, cultum) 
a hearkening or listening to. 

Aus'pice, n. (L. avis, specie) an omen 
drawn from birds ; protection ; influence. 

Aus'pi-cate, v. to foreshow. 

Au-spt'cious, a. having omens of success ; 
prosperous ; propitious ; lucky. 

Au-spl'pious-ly, ad. prosperously. 

Au-stere', a. (L. austerus) severe ; 

harsh ; rigid ; stern. 
Au-stere'ly, ad. severely; rigidly. 
Au-stere'ness, n. severity ; rigour ; strictness. 
Au-steVi-ty, n. severity; harsh discipline. 
Ans'tral, a. (L. auster) southern. 

Au-then'tic, Au-then'ti-cal, a. (Gr. 
authcntes) having authority; genuine; true. 
Au-then'ti-cal-ly, ad. in an authentic manner. 
Au-then'ti-cal-ness, n. the being authentic. 
Au-thSn'ti-cate, v. to prove by authority. 
Au-then-tl^i-ty, n. genuineness; authority. 
Au-thcn'tic-ly, ad. in an authentic mannei 
Au-thSn'tic-ness, n. the being authentic 

Au'thor, n. (L.auctor) the beginner or 
„ first mover ; the writer of a book. 
Au'thor-ess, n. a female author. 
Au-thor'i-ty, n. legal power; influence; 

rule ; support ; testimony ; credibility. 
Au-thor'i-ta-tive, a. having authority. 
Au-thOr'i-ta-tive-ly, ad. with authority. 
Au'thor-Ize, v. to give authority; to make 

legal ; to establish by authority. 
Au-thor-i-za'tion, n. the giving authority. 
Au'thor-less, a. without an author. 
Au'thor-ship, n. state of being an author. 
An-to-bi-og'ra-phy, n. (Gr. autos, bios, 

grapho)the life of a person written by himself. 

Au-toc'ra-gy, n. (Gr. autos, kratos) 
„ unlimited power in one person. 
Au'to-crat, n. an absolute monarch. 
Au-to-crSt'i-cal, a. absolute ; unlimited. 

Au'to-graph, n. (Gr. autos, grapho) 
„ one's own handwriting. 
Au-to-graph'i-cal, a. of one's own writing. 

Au-tom'a-ton, n. (Gr. autos, mao) a 
self-moving machine : pi. au-tom'a-ta. 

Au-to-mat'ic, a. belonging to an automaton, 
Au-tOrn'a-tous, a. having self-motion. 

Au'top-sy, n. (Gr. autos, opsis) seeing 
„ a thing one's self; ocular demonstration. 
Au-top'ti-cal, a. seen with one's own eyes. 
Au-t6p'ti-caHy, ad. by one's own eyes. 

Au'tumn, n. (L. autumnus) the third 

season of the year. 
Au-tQm'nal, a. belonging to autumn. 

Aux-e'sis, 7i. (Gr.) a figure by which a 
thing is too much magnified. 

Aux-TTia-ry, a. (L. auxilium) helping; 
aiding ; applied to verbs which help to con- 
jugate other verbs. — n. a helper; an as- 

„ sistant ; a confederate. 

Au^-Il'ia-to-ry, a. assisting ; helping. 

A-vail', v. (L. vafeo) to profit ; to be 

of advantage. — n. profit; advantage. 
A-vail'a-ble, a. profitable ; powerful ; useful. 
A-vail'a-ble-ness, n. power ; legal force. 

Av'a-lanc^e, n. (Fr.) a mass of snow 
sliding down from a mountain. 

Av'a-rige, n. (L. avarus) desire of gain. 
Av-a-rTcious, a. greedy of gain. 
Av-a-rl'^ious-ly, ad. covetously. 

A-vast', int. hold ; stop : a sea term. 

A-vaunt r ,t^.(Fr.aua/iOhence ; begone. 

A've, n. (L.) an address to the Virgin 
Mary ; an abbreviation of Ave Maria. 

A-venge', v. (L. vindex) to take ven- 
geance ; to punish. 
A-venge'ment, n. vengeance ; punishment. 
A-veng'er, n. one who avenges. 

Av'e-nfie, n. (L. ad, renin) a passage ; 
a way of entrance ; an alley of trees. 

A-ver', v. (L. ad, verus) to declare 

positively ; to affirm with confidence. 
A-veVment, n. a declaration ; an affirmation. 

Av'er-a^e, n. (Fr. tmvrage ?) a mean 

number or quantity. — a. containing a mean 
proportion. — v. to reduce to a medium. 

Av-er-riin'cate, v. (L. ab, e, runco) to 

root up ; to tear away by the roots. 
Av-er-run-ca'tion, n. the act of rooting up. 

A-vert', v. (L. a, verto) to turn from ; 

to put away ; to keep off. 
Av-er-sa'tion, n. hatred; abhorrence. 
A-verse', a. disinclined to ; not favourable. 
A-versely, ad. unwillingly ; backwardly. 
A-verse'ness, n. unwillingness; dislike. 
A-veVsion, n. hatred ; dislike ; abhorrence. 
A-vert'er, n. one that averts. 

A'vi-a-ry, n. (L. avis) an enclosure 
for keeping birds in. 

A-vid'i-ty, 7i. (L. avidus) greediness ; 
eagerness ; appetite ; desire. 

Av-o-ca'tion, n. (L. ad, voco) the act 
of calling away; the business that calls away. 

A-voTd',t\(L.r?Wtto?) to shun; to escape 

from ; to evacuate ; to annul. 
A-vOId'a-ble, a. that may be avoided. 

tube, tub, full ; cry, crypt, myrrh ; tdll, boy, Our, now, new ; cede, gem, raise, e^ist, thin. 




A-vold'ance, n. the act of avoiding. 
A-v61d'er, n. one who avoids. 
A-v6ld'less, a. that cannot be avoided. 

A v-oir-du-pois', n. (Fr. avoir, du, poids) 
a weight, of which a pound contains six- 
teen ounces. 

Av-o-la'tion, n. (L. a, volo) a flying 

away from. 
A -vouch', v. (L. ad, voco) to affirm ; 

to declare ; to maintain ; to vindicate. 
A-v&uch'er, n. one who avouches. 
A-vOuph'ment, n. a declaration. 

A-vow', v. (L. ad, voveo) to declare 

openly; to acknowledge and justify. 
A-vOw'a-ble, a. that may be avowed. 
A-vdw'al, n. a positive or open declaration. 
A-vdw'ed-ly, ad. in an open manner. 
A-v6w'er, n. one who avows or justifies. 

A-vuTsion, n. (L. a, vulsum) the act 

of tearing or pulling away. 
A-vulsed', a. plucked away. 
A-wait', v. {a, wait) to wait for ; to 

expect ; to attend. 

A -wake', v. (S. awacian) to rouse from 

sleep ; to cease to sleep : p. t. a- woke'. 
A-wake', a. not sleeping ; not being asleep. 
A-wa'ken, v. to rouse from sleep. 
A-wa'ken-er, n. one that awakens. 
A-wa'ken-ing, n. the act of rousing. 

A -ward', v. (S. weard ?) to adjudge ; 

to determine. — n. judgment ; sentence. 
A-ward'er, n. one who awards. 

A -ware', a. (S. war) watchful ; vi- 
gilant ; guarded ; apprised. 

A-way', ad. (S. a, weg) at a distance ; 
absent. — int. begone. 

Awe, n. (S. ege) reverential fear ; 
„ dread. — v. to strike with reverence or fear. 
Aw'ful, a. that strikes with awe. 
Aw'ful-ly, ad. in an awful manner. 
■A w'ful-ness, n. the quality of being awful. 
Aw'less, a. void of awe ; irreverent. 
Awe'struck, a. impressed with awe. 

A-while', ad. (a,while) for a short time. 

Awk'ward, a. (S. cewerd ?) clumsy ; 
„ unhandy ; unpolite ; inelegant. 
Awk'ward-ly, ad. in an awkward manner. 
Awk'ward-ness, n. clumsiness ; inelegance. 

Awl, n. (S. eel) a tool for piercing 

small holes. 

Awn'ing, n. (G. hulyan ?) a covering 

to keep off the weather. 
A -woke', p. t. of awake. 
A -wry', ad. (S. writhan) obliquely ; 


Axe, Ax, n. (S. (bx) a sharp instru- 
_ ment for hewing or chopping. 
Ax'head, ». the iron part of an axe. 

Ax-il'lar, Ax-illa-ry, a. (L. axilla) 
belonging to the arm-pit. 

Ax'iom, n. (Gr. axioma) a self-evi- 
dent truth. 

Ax-io-mat'i-cal, a. pertaining to an axiom. 

Ax'is, n. (L.) the line, real or imagi- 
w nary,^on which a body revolves : pi. ax'e§. 
Ax'le, Ax'le-tree, n. the pin or pole on which 

a wheel turns. 
Ay, ad. (S. ia) yes. 
Aye, ad. (S. aa) always ; for ever. 
Ay'ry. See Eyry. 

Az'i-muth, n. ( Ar.) the arch of the ho- 
rizon between the meridian of a place and 
any given vertical line. 

Az'ote, n. (Gr. a, zoe) mephitic air; 

nitrogen gas. 

A'zure, a. (Fr. azur) faint blue ; sky- 
_ coloured.— n. a blue colour. 
A'zured, a. blue. 

Az'yme, n. (Gr. a, zume) unleavened 


Baa, n. the cry of a sheep. — v. to cry 
like a sheep. 

BaVble, v. (H. Babell) to talk con- 
fusedly; to prattle like a child. — n. idle 
talk ; senseless prattle. 

Bab'ble-ment, n. senseless prate. 

Bab'bler, n. an idle talker. 

Bab'bling, n. foolish talk. 

Babe, n. (ba, ba\) an infant ; a child. 
Ba'ber-y, n. finery to please a child. 
Ba'bish, a. like a babe ; childish. 
Ba'bish-ly, ad. childishly. 
Ba'by, n. a young child ; an infant. 
Ba'by-hood, n. infancy ; childhood. 
Ba'by-ish, a. childish. 

Ba-boon', n. {babe ?) a large monkey. 

Bac'cha-nal,n. (L. Bacchus) a reveller. 
Bac-cha-na'li-an, a. relating to revelry. 
Bac'cha-nalg, n. pi. drunken feasts or revels. 

~BsL$h'e-loY,n.(Ij.bacca,laurus' 1 .) an un- 
married man ; one who has taken his first 
degree in the liberal arts ; a knight. 

Bach'e-lor-ship, n. the state of a bachelor. 

Back, n. (S. bac) the hinder part of the 
body in man, and the upper part in beasts; 
the hinder part of any thing ; the rear.— ■ 
ad. to the place left ; behind ; again.— v. to 
mount a horse ; to place on the back ; to 
second ; to maintain ; to move back. 

Back'blte, v. to speak ill of the absent. 

Back' who speaks ill of the absent. 

Back'bl-ting, n. slandering the absent. 

Backbone, n. the bone of the back. 

Back'door, n. a door behind a house. 

Back'friSnd, n. a secret enemy. 

Back'grdund, n. ground behind ; shade. 

Back'piece, n. armour for the back. 

Backroom, n. a room behind. 

Back'slde, n. the hinder part. 

Back'sllde, v. to fall off; to apostatize. 

Back'sll-der, n. an apostate. 

Back'sll-ding, n. desertion of duty. 

Back'staff, n. a kind of quadrant. 

Back'stairs, n. pi. private stairs. 

Fate, fat, far, fall; me, m6t, there, her; pine, pin, field, fir; note, not, nor, m6ve, son; 




Back'swOrd, n. a sword with one sharp edge ; 
a stick with a basket handle. 

Back'ward, ad. with the back forwards ; to- 
wards the back or the past.— a. unwilling ; 
hesitating; sluggish; dull; late. 

Back'ward^, ad. towards the back. 

Back'ward-ly, ad. unwillingly ; perversely. 

Baek'ward-ness, n. dulness ; tardiness. 

Back-gam'mon, n. ( W. bac, cammaun) 

a game with box and dice. 
Ba'con, balm, n. (S. bacan) hog's flesh 

salted and dried. 

Bad, a. ill ; not good ; vicious ; hurtful. 
Bad'ly, ad. in a bad manner ; not well. 
Bad'ness, n. want of good qualities. 

Bade, p. t. of bid. 

Badge, n. (S. beag ?) a mark or token 
of distinction. — v. to mark as with a badge. 
Badge'less, a. having no badge. 

Bad'ger, n. an animal that earths in 

the ground. — v. to worry ; to pester. 
Badger-legged, a. having legs like a badger. 

Bad'i-naf e, bad'i-nazh, n. (Fr.) light 
or playful discourse. 

Baffle, v.(Fy. b'tjter) to elude ; to con- 
found ; to defeat. — n. a defeat. 
Baffler, n. one who baffles. 

Bag, n. (S. bcelg I) a sack ; a pouch ; a 

purse. — v. to put into a bag ; to load with 

a bag ; to swell like a full bag. 
Bag'gage, n. the luggage of an army ; the 

goods that are to be carried away ; refuse ; 

lumber ; a worthless woman ; a flirt. 
Bag'plpe, n. a musical wind instrument. 
Bag'pl-per, n. one that plays on a bagpipe. 

Bag'a-telle, n. (Fr.) a trifle. 

Bagnio, ban'yo, n. vlt.) a bathing- 
house ; a brothel. 

Bail, v. (Fr. bailler) to set free on se- 
curity ; to become surety for another's ap- 
pearance. — n. surety given for another's 

Bail'a-ble, a. that may be bailed. 

Bai'liff , n.a subordinate law officer ; a steward. 

Bai'li-wick, n. the jurisdiction of a bailiff. 

Bail'nient, n. delivery of goods in trust. 

Bait, v. (S. batan) to put meat on a 
hook as a lure ; to give refreshment on a 
journey. — n. meat set to allure ; a tempta- 
tion ; refreshment on a journey. 

Bait, v. (G. beitari) to attack ; to harass. 

Baize, n. a kind of coarse cloth. 

Bake, v. (S. bacan) to dry and harden 
by heat ; to dress food in an oven.— p. p. 
baked or bak'en. 

Bak'er, n. one whose trade is to bake. 

Bak'er-y, n. a baker's work-place and oven. 

Bak'ing, n. the quantity baked at once. 

Bakeliduse, n. a place for baking. 

Bake'meats, n. meats dressed in an oven. 

BaTance, n. (L. bis, lanx) one of the 
powers in mechanics ; a pair of scales ; the 
difference of an account ; a sign in the zo- 

diac. — v . to weigh in scales ; to counterpoise; 
to regulate an account ; to make equal ; to 
hesitate ; to fluctuate. 
Baran-cing, n. equilibrium ; poise. 

Bal-co'ny, or BaTco-ny, w. (S. bale) a 
frame or gallery before a window. 

Bald, a . {balled ?) wanting hair ; un- 
adorned ; inelegant ; naked. 
Bald'ly, ad. nakedly ; inelegantly. 
Bald'ness, n. want of hair ; inelegance. 
Bald'pate, n. a head without hair. 
Bald'pat-ed, a. destitute of hair. 

BaTder-dash, n. (6a//, dash) a jargon 
of words ; senseless prate ; rude mixture. 

BaTdrick, n.ijj.balleus) a girdle ; a bel t. 

Bale, n. (Fr. balle) a bundle or pack- 
age of goods. — v. to make up into a bale. 

Bale, v. (Fr. bailler) to lave out water. 

Bale, n. (S. beal) misery ; calamity. 
Baie'ful, a. sorrowful; destructive. 

BaTis-ter, n. (Gr. ballo) a cross-bow. 

Balk, bak, n. (S. bale) a ridge of land ; 
a great beam ; disappointment. — v. to dis- 
appoint ; to frustrate ; to elude. 

Ball, n. (G.) a round body ; a globe; 
a bullet. 

Ball, n. (Fr. bal) an entertainment of 

Bal'let, n. a kind of historical dance. 

Ballad, n. (Fr. ballade) a song. 
Bal'lad-er, n. a maker or singer of ballads. 
Bal'lad-ry, n. the subject or style of ballads. 
Bal'lat-ed, a. sung in a ballad. 
Bal'lad-mak-er, n. one who writes ballads. 
Bal'lad-mon-ger, n. one who sells ballads. 
Bal'lad-slng-er, n. one who sings ballads. 
Bal'lad-tune, n. the tune of a ballad. 
Bal'lad-wrlt-er, n. a composer of ballads. 

Ballast, n. (D.) heavy matter put in 
the bottom of a ship, to keep it steady.— 
v. to put weight in the bottom of a ship ; 
to keep any thing steady. 

Bal-loon', n. (Fr. ballon) a large round 
vessel used in chemistry ; a ball placed on 
a pillar ; a large bag of silk rilled with gas, 
which makes it rise into the air. 

Ballot, n. (Fr. ballotte) a ball used in 

voting. — v. to choose by ballot. 
Bal-lo-ta'tion, n. a voting by ballot. 

Balm, bam, n. (Gr. balsamon) an odo- 
riferous plant ; a fragrant ointment. — v. to 
anoint with balm ; to soothe. 

Balnr'y, a. having the qualities of balm ; 
fragrant ; soothing ; mitigating. 

Bal'sam, n. a shrub ; a soothing ointment. 

Bal-sam'ic, Bal-sam'i-cal, a. having the qua- 
lities of balsam ; soft ; soothing. 

BaTne-al, a. (L. balneum) belonging 

to a bath. 
Bal'ne-a-ry, n. a bathing room. 
Bal-ne-a'tion, n. the act of bathing. 

BaTus-ter, n. (Fr. balustre) a small 
column or pilaster. 

tube, tub, full ; cry, crypt, myrrh ; toll, b6y, 6Qr, now, new r ; cede, £em, rai§e, exist, thin. 




Bal'us-tered, a. having balusters. 
Bal'us-trade, n. a row of balusters. 

Bam-boo', n. an Indian plant of the 
reed kind. 

Bam-boo'zle, v. to deceive ; to mislead. 
Bani-bdo'zler, n. a tricking fellow ; a cheat. 

Ban, n. (S. bannari) a public notice ; 

a curse ; interdiction. — v. to curse. 
Bau'dit, Ban-dlt'to, n. (It.) an outlaw; a 

robber: pi. ban-dlt'ti. 
Ban§, or Bann§, n. proclamation of marriage. 

Band, n. (S. banda) any thing which 

binds. — v. to unite ; to associate. 
Ban'dage, n. that which binds ; a fillet. 
Band'er, n. one who unites with others. 
Band'bfix, n. a small, slight box. 
Ban'de-let, n. a flat moulding or fillet. 
Ban'dog, n. a large dog. 
Ban-do-leer$', n. wooden cases for powder. 

Band'rol. See under Banner. 

Ban'dy, n. (L. panda) a club for strik- 
ing a ball. — v. to beat to and fro ; to toss 
about ; to give and take ; to exchange. 

Ban'dy-leg, n. a crooked leg. 

Ban'dy-legged, a. having crooked legs. 

Bane, n. (S. band) poison ; mischief ; 

ruin. — v. to poison. 
Bane'ful, a. poisonous ; destructive. 

Bang, v. (D. bengeler) to beat ; to 
thump. — n. a blow ; a thump. 

Ban'ish, v. (Fr. bannir) to condemn to 

leave his country ; to drive away. 
Ban'ish-er, n. one who banishes. 
Ban'ish-ment, n. the act of banishing ; exile. 

Bank, n. (S. banc) a mound or ridge ; 
the ground rising on each side of water ; any 
heap piled up ; a bench or seat ; a place 
where money is deposited. — v. to raise a 
bank ; to put money in a bank. 

Bank'er, n. one who keeps or manages a bank. 

Bankrupt, a. unable to pay debts ; insolvent. 
— n. one who cannot pay his debts.— v. to 
make insolvent. 

Bank'rupt-cy, n. the state of a bankrupt. 

Ban'ner, n. (Fr. banniere) a military 

standard ; a flag ; a streamer. 
Ban'nered, p. a. displaying banners. 
Ban'ner-et, n. a knight made in the field of 

battle ; a little banner. 
Ban'ner-ol, Band'rol, n. a little flag. 

Ban'quet, n. (Fr.) a feast ; a grand 
entertainment. — v. to give a feast. 

Ban'quet-er, w one who feasts. 

Ban'quet-ing, n. the act of feasting. 

Ban'quet-hduse, Ban'quet-ing-h6use, n. a 
house where banquets are held. 

Ban'ter,u. (Fr. badinerX) to play upon; 

to rally ; to jeer. — n. raillery ; ridicule. 
Ban'ter-er, n. one who banters. 
Ban'ter-ing, n. jesting ; ridicule ; raillery. 

Bantling, n. a little child ; an infant. 

Bap-tize', v. (Gr. bapto) to administer 

the sacrament of baptism. 
Bap'tism, n. one of the Christian sacraments. 
Bap-tis/mal, a. pertaining to baptism. 

Bap'tist, n. one opposed to infant baptism. 
Bap'tis-ter-y, n. a place for baptizing. 
Bap-tls'ti-cal, a. relating to baptism. 

Bar, n. (Fr. barre) a long piece of wood 
or metal ; something to hinder entrance ; a 
bolt ; a gate ; a bank at the entrance of a 
harbour ; the place where lawyers plead, or 
criminals stand ; an enclosed place in a 
tavern ; a line in music which divides the 
notes into equal portions in respect to 
time. — v. to fasten with a bar ; to hinder ; 
to exclude ; to except. 

Bar'ful, a. full of obstructions. 

Bar-ri-cade", n. (Fr.) a fortification made in 
haste to keep off an attack. — v. to stop 
up a passage ; to fortify. 

Bar'ri-er, n. an intrenchment ; a defence; 
a fortress ; an obstruction ; a boundary. 

Bar'ris-ter, n. a counsellor at law. 

Barb, n. (L. barba) any thing in place 
of a beard ; the points that stand backward 
in an arrow ; armour for horses. — v. to 
shave ; to jag arrows with hooks ; to fur- 
nish horses with armour. 

Bar'ba-ted, a. bearded ; jagged with points. 

Barbed, p. a. bearded ; armed. 

Barbel, n. a species of fish with barbs. 

Barber, n. one who shaves beards. 

Barb, n. a Barbary horse. 

Bar'ba-can, n. (Fr. barbacane) a for- 
tification before the walls of a town, or at 
the end of a bridge ; an opening in a wal' 
for guns. 

Bar^ba-rous, a. (L. barbarus*) rude ; 
uncivilized ; savage ; inhuman ; contrary 
to good use in language. 

Bar-ba'ri-an, n. a savage ; an uncivilized 
person ; a cruel person. — a. savage. 

Bar-bar"ic, a. uncivilized ; foreign. 

Bar'ba-rism, n. inhumanity ; cruelty ; igno- 
rance ; an impropriety of speech. 

Bar-barl-ty, n. savageness ; cruelty. 

Bar'bar-Ize, v. to render barbarous. 

Bar'ba-rous-ly, ad. in a barbarous manner. 

Bar'ba-rous-ness, n. rudeness ; cruelty. 

BarT)e-cue, n. a hog dressed whole. — 

v. to dress and roast a hog whole. 
Bard, n. (C. bardh) a minstrel; a poet. 
Bard'ic, Bard'ish, a. relating to bards. 

Bare, a. (S. bar) naked ; without 
clothes ; uncovered ; unadorned ; poor ; 
mere. — v. to strip ; to make naked. 

Bare'ly, ad. nakedly ; poorly ; merely. 

Bareness, n. nakedness ; leanness ; poverty. 

BareHbone, n. a very lean person. 

Bare'boned, a. very lean. 

Barefaced, a. shameless ; impudent. 

Bare'faced-ly, ad. shamelessly ; impudently. 

Bare'faced-ness, n. effrontery ; assurance. 

Bare r f6ot, a. having no shoes. — ad. with- 
out shoes ; with the feet bare. 

Bare'f66t-ed, a. having the feet bare. 

BAre'head-ed, a. with the head bare. 

Bare-head'ed-ness, n. the being bareheaded. 

Barelegged, a. having the legs bare. 

Bare'necked, a. exposed. 

Bare'pTcked, a. picked to the bone. 

Bare'rlbbed, a. lean. 

Bare, p. t. of bear. 

Fate, fat, far, fall; ms, met, there, her; pine, pin, field, fir; note, not, nor, move, son; 




Bar'gain, n. (Fr. barguigner) a con- 
tract ; an agreement ; the thing bought or 
sold. — v. to make a contract ; to sell. 

Bar'gain-er, n. one who makes a bargain. 

Bar'gain-ing, n. the act of making a bargain. 

Barge, n. (D. bargie) a boat for plea- 
sure, or for burden. 
Bar'ger,Barge'nian, n.the manager of a barge. 
Barge'mas-ter, n. the owner of a barge. 

Ba-riTla, n. (Sp.) a plant cultivated for 
its ashes. 

Bark, n. (Dan. barck) the rind or co- 
vering of a tree.— v. to strip off bark ; to 
cover with bark. 

Bark'y, a. consisting of bark. 

Bark'bared, a. stripped of the bark. 

Bark, v. (S. beorcari) to make the 

noise of a dog ; to clamour. 
Bark'er, n. one that barks. 

Bark, Barque, n, (Fr. barque) a ship. 

Barley, n. (S. bere) a species of grain. 
Barley-corn, n. a grain of barley. 

Barm, n. (S. beorma) yeast. 
Barcn'y, a. containing barm. 

Barn, n. (S. bere, ern) a house for 
farm produce. 

Bar'na-cle, n.(S.bearn,ac) a shell-fish; 
a bird like a goose ; an instrument for 
holding a horse by the nose. 

Ba-rom'e-ter, n. (Gr. baros, metron) 
an instrument for measuring the weight of 
the atmosphere. 

Bar-o-mfit'ri-cal, a. relating to the barometer. 

Bar'on, n. (Fr.) a rank of nobility 

next to a viscount. 
Bar'on-age, n. the dignity or estate of a baron ; 

the whole body of barons or peers. 
Bar'on-ess, n. a baron's lady. 
Bar'o-ny, n. the lordship or fee of a baron. 
Ba-ro'ni-al. a. relating to a baron or barony. 
Bar'on-et, n. the title next to a baron. 

Bar'o-scope, n. (Gr. baros, skopeo) an 
instrument to show the weight of the at- 

Bar-o-scOp'i-cal, a. relating to the baroscqpe. 

BaVrack, n. (Sp. barraca) a building 
to lodge soldiers. 

Bar'rack-mas-ter, n. the officer who super- 
intends a barrack. 

Bar'ra-tor, n. (Fr. baratter) an en- 
couragcr of lawsuits. 

Bar'ra-try, n. foul practice in law. 

Bar'rel, n. (Fr. baril) a round wooden 
vessel ; any thing hollow and long ; a cy- 
linder. — v. to put into a barrel. 

Bar'ren, a. (S. bar) not prolific ; un- 
fruitful ; not copious ; uninventive ; dull. 

Bar'ren-ly, ad. unfruitfully. 

Bar'ren-ness, v n. want of offspring; unfruit- 
fulness ; sterility; scantiness. 

Bar-ri-cade'. See under Bar. 

BaVrow, n. (S. berewe) a small hand 
or wheel carriage. 

Bar'row, n. (S. bedrg) a hog. 
BaYrow, n. (S. bearw) a mound. 

Bar'ter, v. (Fr. barater) to traffic by 
exchanging ; to give in exchange. — n. traf- 
fic by exchange. 

Bar r ter-er, n. one who barters. 

Ba-ry'tes, Ba-ry'ta, Ba-ryte', n. (Gr 
baros) a ponderous earth. 

Bar'y-tone, a. (Gr. baros, tonos) not- 
ing a grave deep sound. 

Ba-salt', n. (L. basaltes) a hard, dark- 
coloured stone. 
Ba-salt'ic, a. pertaining to basalt. 

Base, n. (L. basis) the bottom ; the 
foundation ; the pedestal of a statue.— 
v. to lay the foundation ; to found. 

Base'less, a. without a base. 

Base'ment, n. an extended base. 

Ba'sis, n. the foundation ; the pedestal of a 
column ; that on which any thing is raised ; 
the groundwork or first principle: pJ. ba'ses. 

Bass, a. in music, low ; grave ; deep. 

Bass-re-lief , n. sculpture, the figures of which 
do not stand far out from the ground. 

Bas-sodn', n. a musical wind instrument. 

Biss'vI-oljBase'vI-ol^i.a musical instrument. 

B?.?e, a. (L. basis) low ; vile ; illegi- 
timate ; without value ; deep ; grave. 
Base'ly, ad. in a base or unworthy manner. 
Base'ness, n. meanness ; vileness. 
Base'born, a. illegitimate ; of low parentage* 
Base'cOurt, n. lower court ; the farm-yard. 
Base'mlnd-ed, a. mean-spirited ; worthless. 
Base-mlnd'ed-ness, n. meanness of spirit. 

Bas'e-net, n. (Fr. bassinet) a helmet or 

Ba-shaw 7 , n. (Ar.) a Turkish viceroy ; 
an imperious person. 

Bash'ful, a. (L. basis 2 .) shamefaced 
modest ; sheepish ; shy ; exciting shame. 
Bash'ful-ly, ad. modestly ; in a shy manner. 
Bash'ful-ness, n. modesty ; rustic shame. 

Basil, n. the slope of a joiner's tool. — 
t\ to grind the edge of a tool to an angle. 

Ba-sil'ic, n. (Gr. basileus) a large hall; 

a magnificent church. 
Ba-sU'i-ca, n. the middle vein of the arm. 
Ba-|ll'ic, Ba-^U'i-cal, a. pertaining to the 

middle vein of the arm. 
Ba-siri-con, n. an ointment. 
Bas i-lisk, n. a crested serpent ; a kind of 


Ba'sin, ba'sn, n. (Fr. bassin) a small 
vessel ; a pond ; a hollow place ; a dock. 

Bask, v. (D. backer en X) to lie in 
warmth ; to warm by exposing to heat. 

Basket, n. ( W. basged) a vessel made 

of twigs or rushes. 
Bas'ket-hllt, n. a hilt which covers the hand. 
BSs'ket-hllt-ed, a. having a basket-hilt. 

Bass. See under Base. 

Bass, n. (T. bast) a mat. 

Bass, n. a fish of the perch kind. 

tube, tub, fail ; cry, crypt, myrrh ; toil, boy, Cur, n6\v, new ; cede, gem, raise, exist, thin. 




Bas'set,n.(Fr. bassette) a game at cards. 

Bas'tard,w. (W. bastardd) a child born 
out of wedlock. — a. illegitimate ; spurious. 
Bas'tard-Ize, v. to prove to be a bastard. 
Bas'tard-ly, a. spurious ; illegitimate. 
Bas'tard-y, n. the state of being a bastard. 

Baste, v.(Sw.£«sa) to beat with a stick; 
to drip butter on meat ; to sew slightly. 

Bast'ing, n. the act of beating with a stick. 

Bas-ti-nade', Bas-ti-na'do, n. the act of beat- 
ing with a cudgel.— v. to beat with a cudgel. 

Bas'tile, n. (Fr. bastille) a fortification; 
a castle ; a state prison. 

Bast'ion, n. (Fr.) a mass of earth 
standing out from a rampart ; a bulwark. 

Bat, n. (S.) a heavy stick ; a club 

used in playing at cricket. 
Bat'let, n. a piece of wood for beating linen. 
Bat'on, Ba-t66n', n. a staff; a club. 

Bat, n. a small winged animal. 
Bat'tish, a. like a bat. 
Bat'ty, a. belonging to a bat. 
Bat'fowl-er, n. one who practises bat-fowling. 
Bat'fdwl-ing, n. bird-catching at night. 

Batch, n. (S. bacan) the quantity of 
bread baked at once. 

Bate, v. (S. beatan) to lessen; to lower 

in price ; to take away ; to grow less. 
Bate'less, a. not to be abated. 
Bate'ment, n. diminution. 
Bating, prep, except. 

Bate, n. (S.) strife ; contention. 
Bate'ful, a. contentious. 

Bath, n. (S. bceth) a place to bathe in; 

a house for bathing ; a measure. 
Bathe, v. to wash in a bath ; to soften. 
Ba'ther, n. one who bathes. 
Ba'thing, n. the act of washing in a bath. 

Ba'thos, n. (Gr.) a sinking in poetry. 

Bat'tail-ous. See under Battle. 

Bat'tel, bat'tl, v. (S. batan) to render 
fertile ; to grow fat. — a. fertile. 

Bat'ten, v. (S. batan) to make fat. 

Bat'ter, v. (Fr. battre) to beat down; 

to Avear out. — n. a mixture beaten together. 
Bat'ter-er, n. one who batters. 
Bat'ter-y, n. the act of battering ; a raised 

work for cannons ; a violent assault. 
Bat'ter-ing-ram, n. a military engine. 

Bat'tle, n. (Fr. bataille) a fight ; an 
engagement. — v. to contend in fight. 

Bat'tail-ous, a. warlike. 

Bat-tal'ia, n. battle-array. 

Bat-tal'ion, n. a division of an army. 

Bat'tle-ment, n. a wall with embrasures. 

Bat"tle-ment-ed, a. secured by battlements. 

Battling, n. conflict ; encounter. 

Bat'tle-ar-ray, n. order of battle. 

Bat'tle-axe, n. a weapon of war. 

Bat'tle-door, Bat'tle-dore, n. an instrument 
used in playing at shuttlecock. 

Bat-tol'o-^y, n. (Gr. Battos, logos) a 
needless repetition of words. 

Bat-tdFo-gist, n. one who repeats needJessly 

the same words. 
Bat-toro-glze, v. to repeat needlessly. 

BaVa-roy, n. a kind of cloak. 

BaVin, n. a stick for firewood ; a fagot. 

Baw'ble, n. (Fr. babiole) a trinket; a 
gewgaw ; a trifle. 

Bawd, n. (W. baw ?) a procurer, or 

procuress. — v. to procure ; to dirty. 
Bawd'y, a. filthy ; obscene ; unchaste. 
Bawd'i-ly, ad. obscenely ; lewdly. 
Bawd'i-ness, n. obscenity ; lewdness. 
Bawd'ry, n. obscenity ; unchaste language. 
Bawd'born, a. descended from a bawd. 
Bawd'y-hOuse, n. a house of prostitution. 

Bawd'rick. See Baldrick. 

Bawl, v. (S. bellari) to cry aloud; to 

shout ; to proclaim as a crier. 
Bawl'er, n. one who bawls. 

Bay, a. (L. badius) brown inclining 

to chestnut. 
Bay'ard, n. a bay horse ; a gazer. 
Bay'ard-ly, a. blind ; stupid. 

Bay, n. (S. bugan) an arm of the sea. 
Bay'salt, n. nalt made of sea-water. 
Bay-win'dow, n. a window jutting outwards. 

Bay, n, (Gr. baion 1) the laurel tree. 

Bay, v. (Fr. aboyer) to bark at. — n. a 
stand made by one surrounded by enemies. 

Bay'o-net, n. (Bayonne) a dagger fix- 
ed to a musket.— v. to stab with a bayonet. 
Ba-zaar'jBa-zarVuIMa market-place. 

Bdeirium, deTyum, n. (L.) an aro- 
matic gum. 

Be, v. (S. beon) to exist ; to become ; 
to remain : pr. am ; p. t. was ; p. p. been. 
Being, n. existence ; any thing that exists. 

Beach, n. the shore ; the strand. 
Beached, a. exposed to the waves. 
Bea^y, a. having a beach. 

Bea'con, belni, n. (S. beacen) some- 
thing on an eminence to give notice; a 
lighthouse.— v. to light up. 

Bea'coned, a. having a beacon. 

Bea'con-age, n. money paid for maintaining 

Bead, n. (S.) a little ball strung upon 
thread, used for necklaces and rosaries ; 
any small globular body. 

Bead'roll, n. a list of those to be prayed for. 

Beads/man, n. a man who prays for others. 

Beads/woin-an, ». a woman who prays for 

BeVdle, n. (S. bydel) a petty officer 
in a court or parish. 

Bea r dle-ship, n. the office of a beadle. 

BeVgle, n. (Fr. bigle) a small hound. 

Beak, n. (Fr. bee) the bill of a bird ; 

any thing like a beak. 
Beaked, a. having a beak. 

Beak'er, n. (Ger. becher) a vessel for 
drinking; a flagon. 

Fate, fat, far, fall ; me, met, there, her ; pine, pin, field, fir ; note, not, nor, m6ve, son; 




Beam, n. (S.) the main piece of timber 
that supports a building ; a part of a ba- 
lance ; the pole of a chariot ; a part of a 
loom ; the horn of a stag. 

Beam'y, a. like a beam ; having horns. 

Beam, n. (S.) a ray of light.— v. to 

shine forth ; to emit rays. 
Bearn'less, a. emitting no rays of light. 
Beam'y a. emitting rays ; radiant. 

Bean, n. (S.) a species of pnlse. 

Bear, v. (S. beran) to carry ; to sup- 
port ; to endure ; to suffer ; to bring forth : 
p. t. bore or bare, p. p. borne, born. 

Bear'er, n. one that bears. 

Bear'ing, n. gesture ; mien ; the place or re- 
lation of one object with respect to another. 

Bear'ing-cloth, n. a cloth for covering a child 
when carried to baptism. 

Bear, n.(S.bera) arough savage animal. 
Bearish, a. having the quality of a bear. 
Bear'bait-ing, n. baiting bears with dogs. 
Bear'gar-den, n. a place for keeping bears. 
Bear'herd, Bear'ward, n. a keeper of bears. 
Bear'like, a. resembling a bear. 

B6ard, n. (S.) the hair on the lips and 
chin ; the barb of an arrow or hook.— v. to 
take by the beard ; to oppose to the face. 

Beard'ed, a. having a beard ; barbed. 

Beard'less, a. without a beard ; youthful. 

Beast, n. (L. bestid) a four-footed ani- 
mal ; an irrational animal ; a brutal man. 

Beast'like, a. resembling a beast. 

Beast'ly, a. like a beast ; brutal. 

Beast'fi-ness, n. brutality ; filthiness. 

BSst'ial, a. belonging to a beast; brutal. 

BSs-ti-al'i-ty, n. the quality of beasts ; unna- 
tural connexion with a beast. 

Best'ial-Ize, v. to make like a beast. 

B£st'ial-ly, ad. in the manner of a beast. 

Beat, u.(S.6fa/a/i) to strike ; to bruise; 
to tread a path ; to conquer ; to dash ; to 
throb : p. t. beat ; p. p. beat'en. 

Beat, n. a stroke ; a striking ; a pulsation. 

Beat'en, p. a. made smooth by treading. 

Beat'er, n. one that beats. 

Beat'ing, n. the act of striking ; correction. 

Be-at'i-fy, v. (L. beatus, facto) to make 
happy ; to bless with celestial happiness. 

Be-a-tlf'ic, Be-a-tlf'i-cal, a. blissful. 

Be-a-tlf'i-cal-ly, ad. in a blissful manner. 

Be-at-i-fi-ca'tion, n. the act of pronouncing 
a dead person blessed. 

Be-at'i-tude, n. blessedness ; perfect felicity. 

Beau, bo, n. (Fr.) a man of dress ; a 

fop : pi. beaux, boz. 
Beau'ish, a. like a beau ; foppish. 

Beau'ty, n. (Fr. beau) an assemblage 
of graces ; a particular grace or excellence ; 
a beautiful person. 

BeaQ'te-ous, a. fair ; elegant ; pleasing. 

Beau'te-ous-ly, ad. in a beauteous manner. 

Beau'te-ous-ness, ». the being beauteous. 

Beau'ti-ful,a. possessing beauty; fair; elegant. 

Beau'ti-ful-ly, ad. in a beautiful manner. 

Beau'ti-ful-ness, n. the being beautiful. 

Beau'ti-fy, v. to make beautiful ; to adorn. 

Beau'ti-fi-er, n. one that beautifies. 

Beau'ti-fy-ing, n. the act of making beautiful. 

Beau'ty-spSt, n. a patch ; a foil. 

Bea'ver, n. (S. beofer) an amphibious 

quadruped ; the fur of the beaver ; a hat. 
Bea'vered, a. wearing a beaver. 

Bec-a-fi'co^.CSp.) a bird, the fig-eater. 

Be-calm', be-cam / , v. {be, calm) to 
still ; to quiet. 

Be-came', p. t. of become, 

~Be-cause\con.(bi/ 9 caiise)foT this reason. 

Bechance', v. (be, chance) to hap- 
pen ; to befall. 

Be-charm 7 , v. {be, charm) to captivate. 

Beck, v. (S. beacen) to make a sign 
with the head ; to call by a motion of the 
head. — n. a sign with the head ; a nod. 

Beck'on, v. to make a sign to. — n. a sign 
without words. 

Be-cloud', v. (be, cloud) to dim ; to 

Be-come', v. (S. becnmari) to enter into 
some state or condition ; to suit ; to befit : 
p. t be-came'; p. p. be-come'. 

Be-com'ing, p. a. graceful ; seemly. 

Be-eom'ing-ly, ad. in a becoming manner. 

Be-com'ing-ness, n. decency ; propriety. 

T$e-crip'ip\e,v.(be,c7ippIe)to make lame. 

Bed, n. (S.) something to sleep on ; a 
couch ; a plot in a garden ; the channel of 
a river; a hollow; a layer; a stratum. 
— v. to place in bed ; to sow or plant ; to 
lay in order ; to stratify ; to cohabit. 

Bed'ding, n. the materials of a bed. 

B2d'ch5m-ber, n. a chamber for a bed. 

B6d'cl6thes. n. the coverlets on a bed. 

Bed'ffil-low, n. one who lies in the same bed. 

Bed'hang-ings, n. pi. curtains of a bed. 

BSd'mak-er, n. one who makes beds. 

Bed'raate, n. one who sleeps in the same bed. 

Bdd'post, n. the post at the corner of a bed. 

Bod'pres-ser, n. a lazy fellow. 

Bed'rld, Bed'rld-den^ a. confined to bed by 
age or sickness. 

B£d'rlte, n. the privilege of the marriage-bed. 

BSd'room, n. a room for a bed. 

BSd'slde, n. the side of the bed. 

BSd'stead, n. the frame of a bed. 

BSd'tlme, n. the time to go to bed. 

Bed'ward, ad. toward bed. 

Be-dab'ble, v. (be, dabble) to wet ; to 

Be-dag'gle, v. (be, daggle) to soil with 

Be-dash', v. (be, dash) to wet by 
throwing water. 

Be-daub', v. (be, daub) to daub over. 

Be-daz'zle, v. (be, dazzle) to make the 
sight dim by lustre. 

Be-deck', v. (be, deck) to adorn ; to 

ornament ; to grace. 
Be-dew', v. (be, dew) to moisten gently. 

Be-dight', be-dit', v. (be, dight) to 
adorn ; to dress. 

tube, tQb, full ; cry, crypt, myrrh ; toll, boy, our, n6w, new ; cede, gem, rai.$e, exist, thin. 





Be-dim', v. (be, dim) to make dim ; 
to obscure ; to cloud ; to darken. 

Be-dl'zen, v. (be, dizen) to dress out. 

Bedlam, n. (corrupted from Bethlehem, 
an hospital in London) an hospital for 
lunatics ; a madhouse ; a madman. — a. mad. 

Bed'lam-Ite, n. a madman ; a lunatic. 

Be-drag'gle, v. (be, draggle) to soil in 
the dirt. 

Be-dren^', v. (be, drench) to soak 


Be-drop', v. (be, drop) to sprinkle 
over with ; to mark with spots. 

Be-diick', v. (be, duck) to put under 

Be-diing', v. (be, dung) to cover or 
manure with dung. 

Be-dwarf, v. (be, dwarf) to hinder in 
growth ; to stunt. 

Be-dye', v. (be, dye) to stain. 

Bee, n. (S. beo) an insect that makes 

honey and wax. 
Bee'gar-den, n. a place for bee-hives. 
Bee'hlve, n. a box or case for holding bees. 
Bee'mas-ter, n. one who keeps bees. 

Beech, n. (S. bece) a forest tree. 
Beech'en, a. belonging to or made of beech. 

Beef, n. (Fr. bozuf) the flesh of an ox, 
bull, or cow. — a. consisting of the flesh of 
an ox, bull, or cow. 

Beeves, n. pi. cattle ; oxen. 

Beef eat-er, n. a yeoman of the guard. 

Beef wit-ted, a. dull ; stupid. 

Been, p. p. of be. 

Beer, n. (S. beor) a liquor made of 
malt and hops. 

Beest'ings. See Biestings. 

Beet, n. (L. beta) a garden vegetable. 

Bee'tle,n. (S.6^/) a heavy wooden mal- 
let; an insect. — v. to jut out; to hang over. 
Bge'tle-brow, n. a prominent brow. 
Bee'tle-brSwed, a. having prominent brows. 
Bee'tle-hgad-ed, a. dull ; stupid. 
Bee'tle-stock, n. the handle of a beetle. 

Be-fair, v. (S. be, feallan) to happen 
to : p. t. be-fell'; p. p» be-fallen'. 

Be-fit', v. (be, Jit) to suit ; to become. 

Be-foam', v. (be, foam) to cover with 

Be-f661', v. (be, fool) to make a fool of. 

Be-fore', prep. (S. be, for an) farther on- 
ward; in front of; in presence of; prior to; 
superior to. — ad. sooner than ; in time past ; 
previously to ; hitherto ; farther onward. 

Be-foreliand, ad. in a state of anticipation ; 
previously ; antecedently ; at first. 

Be-fore'tlme, ad. formerly ; of old time. 

Be-for'tune, v. (be, fortune) to hap- 
pen to ; to betide. 

Be-foul', v. (be, foul) to make foul. 

Be-friend', v. (be, friend) to favour ; 
to assist ; to countenance. 

Be-frmge', v. (be, fringe) to adorn 
with fringes. 

Beg, v. (Ger. begehren) to ask ; to 
crave ; to ask alms ; to live upon alms. 

Beg / ga-ble, a. that may be begged. 

Beg'gar, n. one who begs ; one who lives by 
begging.— v. to reduce to beggary ; to de- 
prive ; to exhaust. 

Beg'gar-ly, a. mean ; poor.— ad. meanly. 

BeVgar-li-ness, n. meanness ; poverty. 

B6g / gar-y, n. great want ; indigence. 

Be-get', v. (S. be, getan) to generate ; 

to produce : p. t. b'e-gOt' or be-gat'; p. p. 

be-gfit'ten or be-got'. 
Be-geVter, n. one who begets. 

Be-gilt', a. (be, gild) gilded over. 

Be-gm', v. (S. beginnan) to enter upon 
something new ; to do the first act ; to 
commence : p. t. began' ; p. p. be-gun'. 

Be-gln'ner, n. one who begins. 

Be-gln'ning, n. the first or original cause ; the 
first part ; the rudiments or first grounds. 

Be-gln'ning-less, a. without a beginning. 

Be-gird', v. (S. be, gyrdan) to sur- 
round ; to encircle ; to encompass : p. U 
be-gird'ed or be-girt'; p. p. be-girt 7 . 

Begler-beg, n. a Turkish governor. 

Be-gnaw', be-naw', v. (S. be, gnagan) 
to eat away. 

Be-gone' ,int.(be,gone) go away ; hence. 

Be-got', Be-got'ten, p. p. of beget. 

Be-grlme', v. (be, grime) to soil with 
soot or dirt. 

Be-griidge', v. (be, grudge) to envy 
the possession of. 

Be-gu:le', v. (be, guile) to impose upon: 

to deceive ; to amuse. 
Be-gulFer, n. one who beguiles. 

Be-gun', p. p. of begin. 

Be-half, be-haf',n. (S. behefe) favour; 
cause ; interest ; account ; sake ; support. 

Be-have', v. (S. be, habban) to con- 
duct ; to demean ; to act. 
Be-hav'iour, n. conduct ; demeanour. 

Be-head', v. (be, head) to deprive of 
the head. 

Be-held', p. t. and p. p. of behold. 

Belie-moth, n. (H.) an animal describ- 
ed in the book of Job, supposed to be the 

Be-hest', n. (S. be, has) a command. 

Be-hmd', prep. (S. be, hindan) at the 
back of; following another ; remaining af- 
ter ; inferior to. — ad. in the rear ; back* 
wards ; remaining. 

Be-hlndTiand, ad. in arrears ; backward. 

Be-hold', v. (S. be,healdan) to view; to 
see: p.t. be-hgld^p.p. be-heid'or be-hold'en. 

Fate, fat far fall ; me, met, there, her ; pine, pin, field, fir ; note, n5t, nor, move, son 




Be-hold', int. see ! lo ! 

Be-hold'en, p. a. bound in gratitude. 

Be-hold'er, n. one who beholds. 

Be-h66ve', Be-hove', v. (S. behofian) 

to be necessary ; to be fit ; to become. 
Be-h66f , n. profit ; advantage ; benefit. 
Be-hoov'a-ble, a. profitable ; useful. 
Be-hdove'ful, a. fit ; expedient. 

Be 7 ing. See under Be. 

Be-la'bour, v. (be, labour) to beat ; 

to thump. 
Be-lzged' ,a.(be,lace) covered with lace. 

Be-late', v. (be, late) to retard. 
Be-lat'ed, a. overtaken by night. 
Be-lat'ed-ness, n. slowness ; backwardness. 

Be-lay 7 , v. (be, lay) to block up ; to 
besiege ; to fasten a rope. 

Belch, v. (S. bealcan) to eject wind 
from the stomach. — n. the act of throwing 
out from the stomach ; eructation. 

Belling, n. eructation. 

BeTdam, n. (Fr. belle, dame) an old 
woman ; a hag. 

Be-\e2b'guer,v.(D.belegere7i) to besiege. 

Be-lle 7 , v. (S. be, leogan) to give the 
lie to ; to slander ; to calumniate. 

Be-lieve 7 , v. (S. gelt/fan) to credit ; to 
put confidence in'; to have firm persuasion 
of; to exercise faith. 

Be-lief, n. persuasion ; opinion ; the thing 
believed ; faith ; religion. 

Be-liev'a-ble, a. that may be believed. 

Be-liev'er, n. one who believes. 

Be-like 7 ,arf.(fo,/j/re)probably ; perhaps. 

Bell, n. (S.) a hollow sounding vessel 
of metal ; any thing in the form ot a bell. 

BeTfry, n. the place where a bell is hung. 

BSll'fOund-er, who casts or founds bells. 

Bedl'hang-er, n. one who hangs bells. 

Bell'man, n. one who rings a bell. 

Bell'met-al, n. a mixture of copper and tin, 
used for making bells. 

BCll'rlng-er, n. one who rings bells. 

Bfill'rOpe, n. the rope by which a bell is rung, 

Bfill'flOw-er, n. the plant campanula. 

Bell'weth-er, n. a sheep which carries a bell. 

Belle, n. (Fr.) a gay young lady. 

Belles-let 7 tres,bel-let'tr, ra.CFr.) polite 

Bel-lig'er-ent, a. (L. bellum, gero) car- 
rying 5 on war. — n. a nation at war. 

BeTlow, v. (S. bellan) to make a noise 

like a bull ; to roar. — n. a roar. 
BeTlow-er, n. one who bellows. 
BeTlow-ing, n. loud noise ; roaring. 

Bellows, 72. pi. (S. bcelg) an instru- 
ment for blowing the fire. 

BeTlu-ine, a. (L. bellua) beastly. 

Belly, n. (S. bcelg) that part of the 
body which contains the bowels ; that part of 
any thing which swells out. — v. to swell out. 

BeTly-ache, n. the colic ; pain in the bowels. 

BeTly-band, n. a girth for a horse. 
BeTly-ful, n. as much as fills the belly. 
BeTly-g6d, n. a glutton. 
Belly-pinned, a. starved. 
Belly-slave, n. a slave to the appetites. 
BeTly-tlm-ber, n. food. 

Be-long 7 , v. (D. belangen) to be the 
property of; to appertain to; to have re- 
lation to. 

Be-loved 7 , p. a. (be, love) much loved. 
Be-lov'ed, a. greatly loved ; dear. 

Be-low 7 , prep, (be, low) under in place, 
time, or dignity. — ad. in a lower place. 

Belt, n. (S.) a girdle; a band. — v. to 
gird with a belt ; to encircle. 

Be-man'gle, v. (be, mangle) to tear 
asunder ; to lacerate. 

Be-mask 7 , v. (be, mask) to conceal. 

Be-maze 7 , v. (be, maze) to bewilder. 

Be-niire 7 , v. (be, mire) to cover with 
mire ; to drag in the mire. 

Be-moan 7 , v. (S. be, moenan) to la- 
ment ; to bewail. 
Be-moan'ing, n. lamentation. 

Be-mock 7 , v. {be, mock) to deride. 

Be-moiT, v. (be, moil) to bemire. 

Be-mon'ster, v. (be, mounter) to make 


Be-mourn', v. (,murnan)to lament. 

Be-mused 7 , a. (be, muse) overcome 
with musing; dreaming. 

Bench, n. (S. bene) a long seat ; a 
seat of justice ; the persons who sit as 
judges. — i'. to furnish with benches. 

Beiu/t'er, n. a senior in the inns of court. 

Bend, v. (S. bendari) to make crooked; 
to incline ; to bow; to subdue; to direct to 
a certain point : p. t. and j>. p. bent. 

Bend, n. a curve ; a crook ; a flexure. 

Bend'er, n. one that bends. 

Bent, n. the state of being curved ; inclina- 
tion ; tendency ; fixed purpose. 

Be-neath 7 , prep. (S. be, nythan) under ; 
lower in place, rank, excellence, or digni- 
ty ; unworthy of. — ad. in a lower place. 

Ben-e-dic'tion, n. (L. bene, dictum) a 
blessing; invocation of happiness ; thanks. 

Ben-e-fac'tion, n. (L. bene , facio) the 
act of doing good to another ; a benefit. 

Ben-e-fac'tor, n. one who confers a benefit. 

Bgn-e-fac'tress, n. a female benefactor. 

Ben'e-fice, n. an ecclesiastical living. 

Ben'e-ficed, a. having a benefice. 

Be-neTi-cence, n. active goodness. 

Be-neTi-cent, a. doing good; kind. 

Be-neT i-cent-ly, ad. in a beneficent manner. 

Ben-e-fl'cial, a. advantageous; useful. 

Ben-e-fl'cial-ly, ad. advantageously. 

Bcn-e-fi'cial-ness, n. usefulness ; profit. 

Ben-e-fl'Qi-a-ry, a. holding in subordination 
to another. — n. one who has a benefice ; a 
person benefited by another. 

*ube» tub, full ; cry, crypt, myrrh ; toil, bo?, Our, now, new ; cede, £ein, rai§e, exist, 




B6n-e-fl'cien-cy, n. kindness ; benignity. 
Ben-e-fl'^ient, a. doing good. 
BSn'e-fit, n. a kindness ; advantage ; use. — 
v. to do good to ; to gain advantage. 

Be-nev'o-lenc^, n. (L. bene, volo) dis- 
position to do good ; kindness ; charity. 
Be-nev'o-lent, a. having good will ; kind. 
Be-neVo-lent-ly, ad. in a kind manner. 
Be-neVo-lous, a. kind ; friendly. 

Be-night', be-nit', v. (be, night) to in- 
volve in darkness ; to overtake with night. 

Be-nign',' be-nm', a. (L. benignus) 

kind ; generous ; gentle. 
Be-nign'ly, ad. kindly ; graciously. 
Be-nlg'nant, a. kind ; gracious ; good. 
Be-nlg'ni-ty, n. kindness ; graciousness. 

Ben'i-son, n. (Fr. binir) a blessing. 

Bent, p. t. and p. p. of bend. 

Bent, n. a kind of grass. 

Be-niim', Be-numb', v. (S. benumen) 
to make torpid ; to stupify. 

Ben'zom, n. a medicinal resin. 

Be-paint', v. (be, paint) to cover with 

Be-pinf^', v. (be, pinch) to mark with 

Be-pow'der, v. (be, poivder) to sprin- 
kle or cover with powder. 

Be-praise', v. (be, praise) to praise 
greatly 'or extravagantly. 

Be-queath', v* (S. becwcethan) to leave 

by will to another. 
Be-quest', n. something left by will ; a legacy. 

Be-rate', v. (be, rate) to scold. 
E>G-Yai't\Q,v.(be,rattle)tQ fill with noise. 
Bere, n. (S.) a species of barley. 

Be-reave', v. (S. bereafian) to deprive 
of; to take away from : p. t. and p. p. be- 
reaved' or be-rgft'. 

Be-reave'ment, n. deprivation ; loss. 

Be-rhyme', be-rim', v. (be, rhyme) to 
mention in rhyme. 

Berlin, n. a sort of coach, first made 

at Berlin. 
Ber'ry, n. (S. beria) any small fruit 

containing seeds or stones. 

Berth, n. (birth) a ship's station at an- 
chor ; a room in a ship ; a sleeping place. 

Beryl, n. (L. beryllus) a precious stone. 

Be-scrawl', v. (be, scrawl) to scribble 

Be-screen', v. (be, screen) to shelter ; 

to conceal. 
Be-scrib'blejV. (be, scribble) to write on. 
Be-seech', v. (S. be, secan) to entreat; to 

beg ; to implore : p. t. and p. p. be-sought'. 
Be-seGcn'er, n. one who beseeches. 

Be-seem', v. (be, seem) to become ; to 

oe fit ; to be decent for. i 

Be-seem'ing, a. becoming.— >n. comeliness. 
Be-s6em'ly, a. becoming ; decent 

Be-set', v. (S. be, settan) to surround ; 
to enclose; to perplex: p. t. and p. p. be-seT. 
Be-s6t'ting, p. a. habitually attending. 

Be-shrew', be-shru', v. (S. be, syrwan) 
to wish a curse upon. 

Be-side', Be-sides', prep, (be, side) at 
the side of; over ana above ; not accord- 
ing to. — ad. moreover ; over and above. 

Be-siege', v. (be, siege) to lay siege to; 

to hem in ; to beset. 
Be-sigg'er, n. one who besieges. 

Be-smear', v. (be, smear) to bedaub ; 
to soil ; to overspread. 

Be-smuY, v. (be, smut) to soil with 
smoke or soot. 

Be'som, n. (S. besm) a broom. 

Be-sort', v. (be, sort) to suit ; to fit. 

Be-sot', v. (be, sot) to stupify ; to dull. 
Be-s6t'ted-ly, ad. in a besotted manner. 
Be-s6t'ted-ness, n. stupidity ; infatuation. 

Be-sought', be- sat', p. U and p. p. of 

Be-span'gle, v. (be, spangle) to adorn 

with spangles. 

Be-spat'ter, v. (be, spatter) to spot 
over with dirt. 

Be-speak', v. (be, speak) to speak for 
beforehand : p. t. be-spoke'; p.'en. 
Be-speak'er, n. one who bespeaks. 

Be-specTde, v. (be, speckle) to mark 
with speckles or spots. 

Be-spice', v. (be, spice) to season with 

Be-spTt', v.(be, spit) to daub with spittle. 

l$Q-sj)o\> f ,v.(be,spot)to mark with spots. 

Be -spread', v. (be, spread) to spread 
over : p. t. and p. p. be-spread'. 

Be-sprent', p. a. (S. be, sprengan) 

sprinkled over. 

Be-sprm'kle, v. (be, sprinkle) to sprin- 
kle over. 

Be-spurt', v. (be, spurt) to throw out. 

Best, a. (S.) superlative of good; good 
in the highest degree. — ad. superlative of 
well ,• in the highest degree of goodness. 

Be-stain', v. (be, stain) to mark with 

Be-stead', v. (be, stead) to profit; to 
accommodate ; to dispose. 

Best'ial. See under Beast. 

Be- stick', v. (be, stick) to stick over : 
p. t. and p. p. be-stuck'. 

Be-stir', v. (be, stir) to put into brisk 
or vigorous action. 

Be-stow', v. (be, stow) to give ; to confer. 

Fate, fat, far, fail; me, met, there, her; pine, pin, field, fir; note, not, nor, move, son; 




Be-st6w'al, n. act of bestowing ; disposal. 
Be-stow'er, n. one who bestows. 
Be-stow'ment, n. the act of bestowing. 

Be- strew 7 , be-stru' or be-stro', v. (S. 
be, streowian) to sprinkle over : p. p. be- 
strewed' or be-strewn'. 

Be-str~de', v. (S. be, strade) to place 
a leg on each side ; to stride over : p. t. be- 
strid'; p. p. be-strld' or be-strld'den. 

Be-stud' ,v.{be,stud)to adorn with studs. 

Bet, n. (S. bad) a wager.— v. to wager. 
BeH'ting, n. the act of wagering. 
Bet'tor, n. one who bets. 

Be-tuke', v. (S. be, tcecari) to have re- 
course to : p. t. be-took' ; p. p. be-tak'en. 

Be'tel, Beetle, n. an Indian shrub. 

Be-thmk', v. (S. be, thencari) to call to 
mind; to consider : p.t. andp.p. be-thought'. 

Be-thump', v. {be, thump) to beat. 

Be-tlde', v. (S. tidari) to happen ; to 
befall : p. t. be-tld'ed or be-tld'; p.p. be-tld'. 

Be-time', Be-times', ad. {by, time) 
soon ; early ; seasonably. 

Be-to'ken, be-toTm, v. {be, token) to 

signify ; to foreshow. 

Be-took', p. t. of betake. 

Be-torn', p. a. {be, torn) torn in pieces. 

Be-toss', v. {be, toss) to agitate. 

Be-tray', v. (L. trado ?) to give up or 

disclose treacherously ; to discover. 
Be-tray'er, n. one who betrays. 

Be-trim', v. {be, trim) to deck ; to adorn. 

Be-troth', v. {be, troth) to contract in 

order to marriage ; to affiance. 
Be-tr6th'ment, n. the act of betrothing. 

Be-triist', v. {be, trust) to commit to ; 
to confide. 

Bet'ter, v. (S- betr'mn) to improve ; to 
advance. — n. a superior. — a. the compara- 
tive of good. — ad. the comparative of ivell. 

Be-tiim'bled, p. a. {be, tumble) dis- 
ordered ; rolled about. 

Be-tween', prep. (S. be, twegen) in the 
intermediate space ; from one to another ; 
belonging to two. 

Be-twlxt', prep, in the midst of two ; from 
one to another. 

BeVel, Bev'il, n. (Fr. bureau) a kind 
of square used by masons and joiners ; in- 
clination from a' right line. — v. to cut to a 
bevel angle. 

BeVer-a^e, n. (L. bibo) drink ; liquor. 

BeVy, n. (It. beva) a flock ; a company. 

Be-wail', v. {be, tvail) to lament. 
Be-wail'er, n. one who bewails. 
Be-wail'ing, n. lamentation. 

Be-ware', v. (S. be, ivarian) to re- 
gard with caution ; to take care. 

Be-weep', v. {be, weep) to weep over. 

Be-wiTder, v. {be, ivild) to perplex ; 
to entangle ; to confound. 

Be-witch', v. {be, vntch) to charm ; to 

fascinate ; to enchant. 
Be-wltch'er, n. one who bewitches. 
Be-wltch'er-y, n. fascination ; charm. 
Be-wlti^h'ful, a. alluring ; fascinating. 
Be-wltfh'ing, a. fascinating ; enchanting. 
Be-wlt^h'ing-ly, ad. in an alluring manner. 
Be-wltfh'ment, n. power of charming. 

Be-wray', be-ra', v. (S. wregan ?) to 

betray ; to discover ; to shew. 
Be-wray'er, n. a betrayer ; a discoverer. 

Bey,n.a governor of aTurkish province. 

Be-yond' ? prep. (S. be, geond) on the 
farther side of ; farther onward than ; be- 
fore ; above.— ad. at a distance ; yonder. 

Bez'ant. See Byzant. 

Bez'el, n. that part of a ring in which 
the stone is fixed. 

Be'zoar, n. (P.) a medicinal stone. 
BSz-o-ar'dic, a. composed of bezoar. 
Bez-o-ar'ti-cal, a. having the quality of an 

Bl'as, n. (Fr. biais) the weight lodged 
on one side of a bowl ; inclination ; par- 
tiality. — v. to incline to some side. 

Bib, v. (L. bibo) to drink frequently ; 
to tipple.—;?, a piece of cloth put on the 
breasts of children to cover their clothes. 

Blb'ber, n. a tippler. 

Blb'u-lous, a. absorbing; spongy. 

Bi^le, n. (Gr. biblos) The Book, by 
way of eminence ; the sacred Scriptures. 

Blb'li-cal, a. relating to the Bible. 

Blb-li-og'ra-pher, n. one skilled in the know- 
ledge of books. 

Blb-li-o-graph'i-cal, a. relating to the know- 
ledge of books. 

Blb-li-og'ra-phy, n. a description or know- 
ledge of books. 

Blb-li-o-nia'ni-a, n. a rage for possessing rare 
and curious books. 

Blb-li-o-ma'ni-ac, n. one who has a rage for 

BU>-li-6p'o-list, n. a bookseller. 

Bib'li-o-theke, n. a library. 

Blb-li-o-the'cal, a. belonging to a library. 

Blb-li-Cth'e-ca-ry, n. a librarian. 

Bice, n. a blue or green colour. 

Bi-cip'i-tal, Bi-cip'i-tous, a. (L. bis, 
caput) having two heads. 

BIck'er, v. (W. bicre) to skirmish ; to 

fight ; to quiver. 
Blck'er-ing, n. a skirmish ; a quarrel. 

Bick'ern, n. {beak, iron X) an iron end- 
ing in a point. 

Bi'corne, Bl-cor'nous, a. (L. bis,cornu) 
having two horns. 

Bid, v. (S. biddan) to command ; to 
desire ; to offer ; to invite : p. L bid or 
bade ; p. p. bid or bld'den. 

tube, tub, full; cry, crypt, myrrh; toll, boy, our, now, new; cede, £em, rai^e, exist, thin. 




Bld'der, n. one who bids. 

Bld'ding, n. command ; order ; offer of a price. 

Bide, v. (S. bidari) to dwell ; to re- 
main ; to continue ; to endure. 
Bld'ing, n. residence ; habitation. 

Bi-dent'al, a. (L. bis, dens) having 
two teeth. 

Bi-det', n. (Fr.) a little horse. 

Bi-en'ni-al, a. (L. bis, annus) conti- 
nuing two years; happening every two years. 
Bl-en'ni-al-ly, ad. every two years. 

Bier, n. (S. beer) a carriage or frame 
for carrying the dead. 

Biest'ings, n. (S. tyst) the first milk 
of a cow after calving. 

Bi'fid, Bif'i-da-ted, a. (L. bis, findo) 
divided into two. 

BiTold, a. (L. bis, void fold) twofold. 

Bi'form, Bi'formed, a. (L. bis, forma) 

having two forms. 
Bl-form'i-ty, n. a double form. 

Bi-front'ed, a. (L. bis, frons) having 
two fronts. 

Bi-fur'ca-ted, a. (L. bis,furca) having 

two forks. 
Bl-fur-ca'tion, n. division into two branches. 

Big, a. (S. byggan \) great ; large ; huge ; 

pregnant ; fraught ; distended ; inflated. 
Blg^y, ad. haughtily ; with bluster. 
Blg'ness, n. bulk ; size. 

Big'a-mist, n. (L. bis, Gr. gameo) one 

who has two wives. 
Blg / a-my, n. the crime of having two wives. 

Big'gin, n. (Fr. beguin) a child's cap. 

Bight, bit, n. (S. bugan) a bend ; a 
bay ; a coil of a rope. 

Big'ot, n. (S. bigan) one unreason- 
ably devoted to a party, creed, or opinion ; 
a blind zealot. — a. blindly zealous. 

Btg / ot-ed, a. unreasonably zealous. 

Blg'ot-ry, n. blind zeal ; great prejudice. 

Bil'an-der, n. {by, land) a small mer- 
chant vessel. 

Birber-ry, n. a small shrub and its 
fruit ; whortleberry. 

Birbo, n. (Bilboa) a rapier ; a sword. 
BH'boes, n. pi. stocks for the feet. 

Bile, n. (L. bilis) a thick, yellow, bit- 
ter liquor, separated in the liver, and col- 
lected in the gall-bladder. 

BU'ia-ry, a. belonging to the bile. 

Bilious, a. affected by bile. 

Bilge, n. (S. bcelg) the breadth of a 
ship's bottom ; the protuberant part of a 
cask. — v. to spring a leak ; to let in water. 

Bil'ings-gate, n. (from a place of this 
name in London) ribaldry ; foul language. 

Bilk, v. (G. bilaikan) to cheat; to de- 
fraud ; to elude. 

Bill, n. (S. bile) the beak of a fowl.— 
v. to caress ; to fondle. 

Bill, n. (S. bil) a hatchet with a 

hooked point ; a battle-axe. 
BU'let, n. a small log of wood. 
BlU'man, n. one who uses a bill. 

Bill, n. (Fr. billet) a written paper ; an 
account of money d*ie ; a proposed law. 

BlHet, n. a note ; a ticket directing soldiers 
where to lodge.— v. to quarter soldiers. 

BiFlet-doux, blHe-du, n. (Fr.) a love-letter. 

Billiards, n. pi. (Fr. billard) a game 
played with balls and maces on a table. 

Biirion, n. (Fr.) a million of millions. 

Billow, n. (S. bcelg) a wave swoln 
and hollow. — v. to swell or roll like a wave. 
Biriow-y, a. swelling ; turgid. 

Bin, n. (S.) a place for wine, &c. 
Bi'na-ry, a. (L. binus) two ; double. — 
n. the constitution of two. 

Bind, v. (S. bindan) to confine with 
bonds ; to gird ; to fasten to ; to tie toge- 
ther ; to oblige by kindness ; to make cos- 
tive ; to cover books : p. t. and p. p. bOund. 

Blnd'er, n. one that binds. 

Binding, n. a bandage ; the cover of a book. 

Bin'na-cle, n.the compass-box : of a ship . 

Bi-ndVu-lar, a. (L. binus, oculus) hav 
ing two eyes ; employing both eyes. 

Bi-no'mi-al, a. (L. bis, nomen) com- 
posed of two parts or members. 

Bi-og ra-phy, n. (Gr. bios, grapho) the 

history or account of a life. 
Bl-og'ra-pher, n. a writer of lives. 
Bl-o-graph'i-cal, a. relating to biography. 

Bip'ar-tlte, a. (L. bis, partitum) hav- 
ing two correspondent parts. 

Bl'ped, ?2. (L. bis, pes) an animal with 

two feet. 
Bl-peVnate, Bi-pen'na-ted, a. (L. bis, 

penna) having two wings. 

Bi-qua'drate, n. (L. bis, quadratum) 

the fourth power in numbers. 
Bl-qua-drat'ic,a.relatingto the fourth power. 

Birch, n. (S. birce) a tree. 
BircVen, a. made of birch. 

Bird, n. (S.) a general name for the 
feathered kind ; a fowl. — v. to catch birds. 
Bird'bolt, n. an arrow for shooting birds. 
Bird'cage, n. an inclosure to keep birds in. 
Bird r cat9h-er, n. one who takes birds. 
Birdlime, n. a glue to catch birds. 
Bird'man, n. one who catches birds. 
BirdYeye, a. seen from above. 

Birth, n. (S. beorth) the act of coming 

into life ; extraction ; rank by descent. 
Birth'day, n. the day of one's birth. 
Blrth'nlght, n. the night of one's birth. 
Birth'plafe, n. the place of one's birth. 
Birth/right, n. the rights to which one is bora. 

Bis'cuit, bisldt, n. (L. bis, coctum) a 
kind of hard dry bread. 

Fate, fat, far, fall; me, m£t, there, her; pine, pin, field, fir; note, n6t. nor, mdve, s6oj 




Bi-sect', v. (L. bis, sectum) to divide 

into two equal parts. 
Bl-sec'tion, n. division into two equal parts. 

Bish'op, n. (Gr. epi, skopeo) one of the 
higher order of clergy, who has the charge 
of a diocese. — v. to confirm. 

Blsh'op-ric, n. the diocese of a bishop. 

BTs'muth, n. (Ger. wiszmuth) a metal 
of a reddish white colour. 

Bl'son, n. (Gr.) a kind of wild ox. 

Bis-sex'tile, n. (L. bis, sex) leap year. 

BTs'tour-y, n. (Fr. bistouri) a surgeon's 
instrument for making incisions. 

Bis'tre, n. (Fr.) a colour made of soot. 

Bl-suTcous, a. (L. bis, sulcus) cloven- 

Bitch, n. (S. bicce) the female of the 
dog kind ; a name of reproach for a woman. 

Bite, v. (S. bitan) to crush with the 
teeth ; to give pain by cold ; to wound ; 
to cheat : p. t. bit; p. p. blt'ten or bit. 

Bite, n. seizure by the teeth ; the wound 
made by the teeth ; a cheat ; a sharper. 

Bit, n. a small piece ; a morsel ; the part of 
a bridle put into a horse's mouth. — v. to 
put the bit in the mouth. 

Bit'er, n. one who bites. 

Blt'ing, n. the act of biting. — a. sharp; se- 
vere ; sarcastic. 

Blt'ing-ly, ad. jeeringly ; sarcastically. 

Bit'ta-cle. See Binnacle. 

Bit'ter, a. (S. biter) biting to the taste; 

sharp ; painful. — n. any thing bitter. 
Blt'ter-ly, ad. in a bitter manner ; sharply. 
Blt'ter-ness, n. a bitter taste; sharpness; 

severity ; malice ; hatred ; sorrow. 
Blt'ter-sweet, n. an apple sweet and bitter. 

Bit 'tern, n. (Fr. butor) a bird. 

Bi-tu'men, n. (L.) a kind of pitch. 
Bi-tu'mi-nate,v. to impregnate with bitumen. 
Bi-tu'mi-nous, a. containing bitumen. 

Bivalve, a. (L. bis, valvce) having two 

valves. — n. that which has two valves. 
Bl-val'vu-lar, a. having two valves. 

Bl'vi-ous, a. (L. bis, via) having two 
ways ; leading different ways. 

BTv'ouac, n. (Fr.) the guard or watch 
of a whole army during the night. — v. to 
be on watch all night. 

Blab, v. (T. blabberen) to tattle ; to 

tell tales.— n. a telltale. 
Blab'ber, n. a telltale ; a tattler. 

Black, a. (S. blac) of the colour of night ; 
dark ; cloudy ; dismal ; wicked. — n. a black 
colour ; a negro. — v. to make black. 

Black'en, v. to make black ; to defame. 

Black'ish, a. somewhat black. 

Blackly, ad. darkly ; atrociously. 

Black'ness, n. the quality of being black. 

Blacking, n. paste or liquor to blacken shoes. 

Black'a-mdor, Black'moor, n. a negro. 

Black'ball, v. to reject in choosing. 

Black'ber-ry, n. the fruit of the bramble. 

Black'blrd, n. a singing bird. 
Black'cat-tle, n. oxen, bulls, and cows. 
Black'cock, n. the heath-cock. 
Black'eyed, a. having black eyes. 
Black'faced, a. having a black face. 
Black'guard, n. a mean, wicked fellow. 
Black'jack, n. a leathern cup. 
Black'lead, n. a mineral used for pencils. 
Black'mail, n. a rate paid for protection to 

men allied with robbers. 
Black'moilthed, a. using foul language. 
Black-pud'ding, n. a kind of food made of 

blood and meal. 
Blacked, n. the usher belonging to the 

order of the Garter. 
Black'smlth, n. a smith that works in iron. 
Black'thorn, n. the sloe tree. 

Blad'der, n. (S. bladr) the vessel that 

contains the urine ; a blister ; a pustule. 
Blad'dered, a. swoln like a bladder. 

Blade, n. (S. bleed) the spire of grass 
before it grows to seed ; a leaf ; the cutting 
part of an instrument ; a brisk man. 

Blad'ed, a. having blades. 

Blain, rc. (S.blegen) a pustule; a blotch. 

Blame, v. (Fr. bl timer) to charge with 
a fault ; to censure. — n. imputation of a 
fault ; crime. 

Blam'a-ble, a. faulty ; culpable. 

Blam'a-ble-ness, n. state of being blamable 

Blam'a-bly, ad. culpably. 

Blame'ful, a. deserving blame; guilty. 

Blameless, a. without blame ; guiltless. 

Blame'less-ly, ad. innocently. 

Blame'less-ness, n. innocence. 

Blam'er, n. one who blames. 

Blame'wur-thy, a. deserving blame. 

Blame'wor-thi-ness, n. the quality of deserv- 
ing blame. 

Blanp/*, v. (Fr. blanc) to whiten ; to 
strip or peel ; to evade ; to shift. 

Bland, aXL.blandus)soft ; mild ; gentle. 
Blan'dish, v. to smooth ; to soften ; to caress. 
Blan'dish-ing, n. expression of kindness. 
Blan'dish-ment, 71. kind speech ; caresses. 
Blan-dll'o-que^e, n. flattering speech. 

Blank, a. (Fr. blanc) white ; without 
writing; empty; confused; without rhyme. 
— n. a void space ; paper unwritten ; a lot 
without value. — v. to make void ; to damp. 

Blanket, n. (Fr. blanchet) a woollen 
cover for a bed. — v. to cover with a blank- 
et ; to toss in a blanket. 

Blank'et-ing, n. tossing in a blanket. 

Blas-pheme', v. (Gr. blasphemeo) to 
speak impiously of God ; to speak evil of. 

Blas-phem'er, n.'one who blasphemes. 

Blas-phem'ing, n. the act of blasphemy. 

Blas'phe-mous, a. containing blasphemy. 

Blas'phe-mous-ly, ad. impiously. 

Blas'phe-my, n' indignity offered to God by 
words or writing. 

Blast, n. (S. bl&st) a gust or puff of 
wind ; the sound made by blowing a wind 
instrument ; blight. — v. to strike with a 
sudden plague ; to make to wither ; to 
blight ; to injure ; to confound ; to blow up. 

Blast'er, n. one that blasts. 

tube, tub, full; cry, crypt, myrrh; toll, b$y, Our, now, new; cede, ^eni, raise, exist, thin. 




Blast ing, n. destruction ; explosion. 

Bla/tant, a. (S. blcetan) bellowing as a 

Blat'ter, v. (L. blatero) to make a 
senseless noise. 

Blaze, n. (S. blase) a flame ; a stream 
of light ; wide diffusion of a report ; a mark 
like a blaze. — v. to flame ; to publish. 

Blaz'er, n. one who spreads reports. 

Bla'zon, v. to explain the figures on ensigns 
armorial ; to deck ; to display ; to cele- 
brate ; to make public. — n. the art of draw- 
ing coats of arms ; show ; publication. 

Bla'zon-er, n. one who blazons. 

Bla'zon-ry, n. the art of blazoning. 

Bleach, v. (S. blcecari) to whiten. 
Bleach'er, n. one who whitens. 
Blea^h'er-y, n. a place for bleaching. 

Bleak, a. (S. blac) pale ; cold ; chill ; 

cheerless; dreary; desolate. 
Bleakly, ad. coldly ; in a chill situation. 
Bleak'ness, n. dreariness ; coldness ; chilness. 
Bleak'y, a. cold ; chill ; dreary. 

Blear, a. (D. blaer) dim with rheum or 

water. — v. to make watery or dim. 
Blear'ed-ness, n. the state of being blear. 
Blear'eyed, a. having sore eyes. 

Bleat, v. (S. blcetan) to cry as a sheep. 

— n. the cry of lambs or sheep. 
Bleat'ing, n. the cry of lambs or sheep. 

Bleb. See Blob. 

Bleed, v. (S. bledari) to lose or draw 
blood ; to drop as blood : p. t. and p.p. bled. 
Bleeding, n. a running or letting of blood. 

Blemish, v. (Fr. blemir) to mark with 
any deformity ; to tarnish ; to defame ; to 
disfigure. — n. a mark of deformity ; taint. 

Blem'ish-less, a. without blemish ; spotless. 

Blenf/i, v. (Fr. blanc ?) to shrink ; to 
start back ; to give way. 


Bless, v. (S. bletsiari) to make happy ; 
to wish happiness to ; to invoke a blessing 
upon ; to praise : p. t. and p. p. blessed 
or blest. 

Bless'ed, p. a. happy ; holy. 

Bless'ed-ly, ad. happily. 

Bless'ed-ness, n. happiness ; divine favour. 

BleSs'er, n. one who blesses. 

Bl&ss'ing, n. a prayer for happiness; bene- 
diction ; a benefit ; divine favour. 

Blew, p. t. of blow. 

Blight, blit, n. (S. be, lihtan ?) mil- 
dew. — v. to corrupt with mildew ; to blast. 

Blind, a. (S.) wanting sight ; dark ; 
unseen. — v. to make blind ; to darken. 

Bllnd'ly, ad. without sight ; implicitly. 

Bllnd'ness, n. want of sight ; ignorance. 

Bllnd'fold, v. to hinder from seeing. — a. hav- 
ing the eyes covered. 

Blind-man's-buff, n. a play in which one 
blindfold tries to catch the others. 

Bllnd'slde, n. weakness ; foible. 

Bllnd'worm, n. a small serpent. 

Blink, v. (S. blicanV) to wink ; to see 

obscurely. — n. a glimpse ; a glance. 
Bllnk'ard, n. one who blinks. 

Bliss, n. (S. blis) the highest happiness. 

Bliss'ful, a. happy in the highest degree. 

Bllss'ful-ly, ad. in a blissful manner. 

Bllss'ful-ness, n. exalted happiness. 

Bliss'less, a. without happiness. 

Blis'ter, n. (D. bluyster) a thin bladder 
on the skin ; a plaster to raise blisters. — 
v. to rise in blisters ; to raise a blister. 

Blithe, a. (S.) gay ; airy ; joyous. 

Bllthe'iy, ad. in a blithe manner. 

Bllthe'ness, n. the quality of being blithe. 

Blithesome, a. gay ; cheerful ; merry. 

Bloat, v. (bloiv ?) to swell ; to puff up. 
Bloat'ed, a. puffed up ; turgid. 
BlOat'ed-ness, n. the state of being bloated. 

Blob or Bleb, n. (Ir. plub) a blister ; 

a bubble ; a vesicle ; a little tumor. 
Blob'ber-ltp, n. a thick lip. 
Blob'ber-lipped, a. having thick lips. 
Block, n. (D. blok) a heavy piece of 

timber; a mass of matter ; an obstruction; 

a pulley ; a stupid fellow. — v. to shut up ; 

to obstruct. 
Bl&ck-ade', n. a siege carried on by shutting 

up a place to prevent relief. — v. to shut up. 
Bl&ck'ish, a. stupid ; dull. 
BlOck'ish-ly, ad. in a stupid manner. 
Blftck'ish-ness, n. stupidity ; dulness. 
Bldck'head, n. a stupid fellow. 
Bldck'head-ed, a. stupid ; dull. 
Block'head-ly, a. like a blockhead. 

Blood, n. (S. Mod) the red fluid that 
circulates in the bodies of animals ; family; 
kindred ; descent ; high birth ; murder ; 
a hot spark ; the juice of any thing. — v. to 
stain with blood ; to inure to blood. 

Blood'y, a. stained with blood ; cruel. 

Blood'i-ly, ad. cruelly. 

Blood'i-ness, n. the being bloody. 

Blood'less, a. without blood. 

Blood'bol-tered, a. clotted with blood. 

Blood-gullt'i-ness, n. murder. 

Blood'hot, a. as hot as the blood. 

B16od'h6und, n. a fierce species of hound. 

Blood'let, v. to bleed ; to open a vein. 

Blood'let-ter, n. one who lets blood. 

Blood'red, a. red as blood. 

Bloodshed, n. murder ; slaughter. 

Blood'shed-der, n. a murderer. 

Bldod'shot, a. filled with blood ; red. 

Bloodstained, a. stained with blood. 

Bloodstone, n. the name of a stone. 

Blood'suck-er, n. a leech ; a cruel man. 

Blood's woln, a. suffused with blood. 

Blood'thirst-y, a. desirous to shed blood. 

B166d r v6s-sel, n. a vein or artery. 

Blood'y-flUx, n. dysentery. 

Blood'y-mlnd-ed, a. cruel. 

Bloom, n. (G. bloma) blossom ; the 
opening of flowers ; the prime of life ; the 
flush on the cheek. — v. to yield blossoms , 
to flower ; to be in a state of youth. 

Bl66m r ing, a. flourishing with bloom. 

Bldonr'y, a. full of blooms. 

Blos'som, n. (S. blosma) the flower of a 
plant.— v. to put forth blossoms. 

Fite, fit, far, fall; me, met, there, her; pine, pin, field, fir; note, ndt, nor, mdve, son; 




BlSs'som-y, a. full of blossoms. 

Blot, v. (G-. blautjan) to obliterate ; to 
efface ; to spot with ink ; to stain. — n. an 
obliteration ; a spot or stain ; a reproach. 

Blotch, n. a spot upon the skin ; a pustule. — 
v. to mark with blotches ; to blacken. 

Blot'ter, n. one that blots. 

Blot'ting, n. the making of blots. 

Blow, n. (D. blowe) a stroke ; a sud- 
den calamity ; the egg of a fly. 

Bltfw, v. (S. blawari) to make a current 
of air ; to pant ; to breathe ; to drive by 
the wind ; to inflame with wind ; to swell ; 
to sound wind music : p. t. blew ; p.p. blown. 

Blow'er, n. one who blows. 

Blow'ing, n. the motion of the wind. 

Blow'pipe, n. a tube for blowing. 

Blow, v. (S. blowari) to flower; to 
bloom.— n. bloom ; blossom. 

Blowth, n. bloom ; blossom. 

Blowze, n. (D. blosen) a ruddy fat- 
faced wench. 

Blow'zy, a. fat and ruddy ; high-coloured. 

Bliib'ber, n. (Tr. plnb) a bubble ; the 
fat of a whale ; a sea-nettle.— v. to weep so 
as to swell the cheeks. 

Blud'geon, n, (G. blygywan) a short 
stick) loaded or heavy at one end. 

Blue, n. (S. bleo) one of the seven pri- 
mary colours. — a. of a blue colour. 
Blue'ly, ad. with a blue colour. 
BlQe'ness, n. the quality of being blue. 
Blfi'ish, a. blue in a small degree. 
BlCi'ish-ness, n. small degree of blue colour. 
Blue'bot-tle, n. a flower; a large fly. 
Blue'eyed, a. having blue eyes. 
BlQe'veined, a. having blue streaks or veins. 

Bluff, a. big ; surly ; obtuse ; steep. 
Bluff ness, n. the quality of being bluff. 

Blun'der, v. (D. blundereri) to mistake 

grossly. — n. a gross mistake. 
Blun'der-er, n. one who blunders. 
Blun'der-ing-ly, ad. in a blundering manner. 
Blun'der-buss, n. a gun with a large bore. 
Blun'der-head, n. a stupid fellow. 

Blunt, a. (T. plomp ?) dull on the edge 
or point ; rough ; rude ; abrupt.— v. to dull 
the edge or point; to depress. 

Blunt'ing, n. restraint ; discouragement. 

Blunt'ly, ad. in a blunt manner. 

Blunt'ness, n. want of edge ; abruptness. 

Blunt'wlt-ted, a. dull; stupid. 

Blur, n. a blot ; a stain. — v. to blot. 
Blurt, v. to utter inadvertently. 

Blush, v, (D. blosen) to redden with 
shame or confusion. — n. red colour raised 
by shame ; a red colour ; sudden appearance. 

Blush'ful, a. full of blushes. 

Blush'ing, n. the reddening of the face. 

Blush'less, a. without a blush ; impudent. 

Blush'y, a. having the colour of a blush. 

BluVter, v. (S. blast ?) to roar as a 
storm; to bully. — n. noise ; tumult ; swagger. 
BlGs'ter-er, n. a swaggerer ; a bully. 
Blus'ter-ing, n. noise ; tumult. 

Blus'ter-ous, a. noisy ; tumultuous. 

Bo, int. a word used to terrify children. 

Boar, n. (S. bar) the male swine. 
Boar'ish, a. swinish ; brutal ; cruel. 
Boar'spear, n. a spear used in hunting boars. 

Board, n. (S. bord) a flat piece of wood ; 
a table ; the deck of a ship ; food ; enter- 
tainment ; a council ; a court. — v. to lay 
with boards ; to enter a ship by force ; to 
live at a certain rate for food and lodging. 

Board'er, n. one who boards. 

Board'ing-school, n. a school where the 
scholars live with the teacher. 

Board' wa-ges, n. wages allowed to servants 
to keep themselves in victuals. 

Boast, v. (W. bostiaw) to brag ; to 
talk ostentatiously; to exalt one's self. — 
n. vaunting speech ; cause of boasting. 

Boasfer, n. one who boasts. 

Boast'ful, a. ostentatious; vain. 

Boast'ing, n. bragging speech. 

Boast'ing-ly, ad. ostentatiously. 

Boast'ive, a. presumptuous ; assuming. 

Boast'less, a. without ostentation. 

Boat, n. (S. bat) a small open vessel; 

a ship of inferior size. 
Boat'man, n. one who manages a boat. 
Boat'swain, bo'sn, n. an officer in a ship, 

who has charge of the boats and rigging. 

Bob,v. to play backward and forward ; 

to cheat; to strike ; to cut short. — n. some- 
thing that plays loosely; a blow ; a short wig. 

Bob'chCT-ry, n. a play among children. 

Bob'tail, n. a short tail ; the rabble. 

Bol/tiiiled, a. having a short tail. 

Bob'wTg, n. a short wig. 

Bobbin, n. (Fr. bobine) a small pin to 
wind thread upon ; round tape. 

Bode, v. (S. borlian) to portend ; to 

foreshew ; to be an omen 
Bode'ment, n. a portent ; an omen. 
Bod'ing, n. an omen ; a prognostic 

~Bod r km,n.(bodikin ?) an instrument to 
bore holes, or dress the hair ; a dagger. 

Bod'y, n. (S. boduj) the material part 
of an animal ; a person ; the main part ; a 
collective mass ; a corporation ; a substance; 
a system.— v. to produce in some form. 

Bod'ied, a. having a body. 

BOd'i-less, a. without a body. * 

Bod'i-ly, a. relating to the body ; corporeal ; 
real ; actual. — ad. corporeally. 

BOd'ice, n. short stays for women. 

Bod'y-clothes, n. clothing for the body. 

BOd'y-guard, 1 ?}. a guard to protect the person. 

Bog, n. (It.) a marsh ; a morass.— 

v. to whelm as in mud or mire. 
Bog'gy, a. marshy; swampy. 
Bog'land, a. living in a bogcry country. 
Bog'trot-ter, n. one who lives in a boggy 

country ; a freebooter ; a robber. 

Bo'gle, Bog'gle, n. (W. bwg) a bugbear; 

a spectre ; a goblin. 
Bog'gle, v. to start ; to hesitate. 
BOg'gler, n. one who boggles. 
BOg'glish, a. doubtful ; wavering. 

tube, tfib, full ; cry, crypt, myrrh ; 1611, b6y, Sur, n6w, new ; cede, gem, raise, exist, thin. 


Bo-hea', n. a species of tea. 

Boil, v. (L. bulla) to be agitated by 
heat ; to bubble ; to heat to a boiling state ; 
to cook by boiling. 

BOIl'er, n. one who boils ; a vessel for boiling. 

Bdiring, n. the act of bubbling ; ebullition. 

Boil or Bile, n. (S. byl) a sore angry- 

Bois'ter-ous, a. (D. byster) stormy ; 

violent; noisy; turbulent. 
B6is'ter-ous-ly, ad. violently ; tumultously. 
Bols'ter-ous-ness, n. turbulence ; violence. 

Bold, a. (S. bald) daring ; brave ; con- 
fident ; impudent ; striking to the sight. 

Bold'en, v. to make bold. 

Bold'ly, ad. in a bold manner. 

Bold'ness, n. courage; intrepidity; confi- 
dence ; freedom ; impudence. 

Bold'faced, a. impudent. 

Bole, n. a kind of earth. 
Bo'la-ry, a. pertaining to bole or clay. 

Boll, n. (S. bolla) a round pod or cap- 
sule. — v. to form into a round pod. 

Bol'ster, n. (S. bolstar) a long pillow ; 

a pad.— v. to support ; to hold up. 
Bolstered, a. swelled out. 
Bol'ster-er, n. a supporter. 
Bol'ster-ing, n. support ; a prop. 

Bolt, n. (S.) an arrow ; the bar of 
a door ; a fetter. — v. to fasten with a bolt ; 
to fetter ; to spring out suddenly. 

Bolt, v. (Fr. bluter) to sift; to separate. 

Bolt'er, n. a sieve. 

Bolt'head, n. a long glass vessel. 

Bdlt'sprit. See Bowsprit. 

Bolus, n. (L.) a quantity of medicine 
to be swallowed at once ; a large pill. 

Bomb, bum, n. (Gr. bombos) a loud 
noise ; a hollow iron shell, filled with gun- 
powder, to be thrown from a mortar. 

Bom-bard', v. to attack with bombs. 

Bom-bar-dieV, n. one who shoots bombs. 

Bom-bard'ment, n. an attack with bombs. 

Bomb'ketch, Bomb'ves-sel, n. a ship for fir- 
ing bombs. 

Bom-ba-sin', n. (L. bombyx) a slight 
stuff made of silk and worsted. 

Bom-bast*, n. stuff of a soft loose tex- 
ture ; fustian ; inflated language. — a. high- 
sounding ; inflated. — v. to inflate. 

Bom-bas'tic, a. high-sounding ; inflated. 

Bom-bi-la'tion, n. (Gr. bombos) sound; 
noise ; report. 

Bom-byc'i-nous, a. (L. bombyx) made 
of silk ; of the colour of the silk-worm. 

Bond, n. (S.) any thing that binds ; a 
cord ; a chain ; a writing of obligation : 
pi. imprisonment ; captivity. — a. captive. 

Bond'age,n.captivity; slavery; imprisonment. 

Btind'maid, n. a female slave. 

Bond'man, n. a man slave. 

BOnd'ser-vant, n. a slave. 

Bond'ser-vice, n. slavery. 



B6nd'slave, n. one in slavery. 
B6nd§'man, n. a slave ; a surety. 
B6nds'w6m-an, Bdnd'wom-an, n. a female 

Bone, n. (S. ban) the firm hard sub- 
stance in an animal body. 

Boned, a. having bones. 

Boneless, a. without bones. 

Bo'ny, a. consisting of bones ; full of bones. 

Bone ache, n. pain in the bones. 

Bone'set, v. to set broken bones. 

Bone'sSt-ter, n. one who sets broken bones. 

Bon'ffre, n. (S. bcel,fyr\) a fire made 
to express public joy. 

Bon'net,7i.(Fr.)a covering for the head. 
Bon'ny, a. (L. bonus) beautiful : cay. 
Bon'ni-ly, ad. handsomely ; gayly. 

Bo'nus, n. (L.) a premium in addition 
to a privilege, or to interest for a loan. 

Bon'ze, n. a Japanese priest. 

Boo'by,™. (Ger. bube) a dunce; a bird. 

Book, n. (S. boc) a volume in which we 
read or write ; a literary work ; a division 
of a work.— v. to register in a book. 

Bodk'ful, a. full of notions from books. 

Bookish, a. given to books or study. 

Bddk'ish-ly, ad. in a wav devoted to books. 

Bdok'ish-ness, n. fondness for books. 

Bddk'less, a. without books ; unlearned. 

B66k'blnd-er, n. one who binds books. 

Bddk'case, n. a case for holding books. 

B66k'kee>er, n. a keeper of accounts. 

Bdok'keep-ing,rc. the art of keeping accounts. 

Bodk'learn-ed, a. versed in books. 

Book'learn-ing, n. learning acquired from 

Book^mak-ing, n. the art of making books. 

Book man, n. a scholar by profession. 

Brtdk'raate, n. a schoolfellow. 

Bdok'oath, n. an oath made on the Bible. 

Bddk'sfil-ler, n. one who sells books. 

Bdok'worm, n. a worm that eats holes in 
books ; a student closely given to books. 

B66m,n.(D.)alongpole used to spread 
out the clue of the studding sail ; a pole set 
up as a mark ; a bar laid across a harbour. 
—v. to rush with violence ; to swell. 

Boon, n. (S. bene) a gift ; a favour. 

Boon, a. (L. bonus) gay ; merry ; kind. 

5Pfr, n. (D. boer) a rustic ; a clown. 
Boorish, a. rustic ; clownish. 
Bddrtsh-ly, ad. in a boorish manner. 
Bddr'ish-ness, n. rusticity; clownishness. 
Boot, v. (S. bot) to profit ; to advan- 
tage.— n. profit ; gain; advantage. 
Bootless, a. useless ; unprofitable. 
B66t'less-ly, ad. to no purpose. 
BdoTy, n. spoil ; plunder. 

Boot, n. (Fr. botte) a covering for the 
foot and leg ; part of a coach.— v. to put 
on boots. 

Bodt'ed, a. having boots on. 

B66t'hose, n. stockings to serve for boots. 

Booth, n. (W. bwth) a shed of boards 
or branches. 

Fate, fat, far, fall; me, rn6t, there, her; pine, ptn field, fir; note, not, nor, mpve, son; 




Bo-peep', n. a play among children. 
Bor'del, n. (Fr.) a brothel. 

Bor'der, n. (S. bord) the outer part or 
edge ; the exterior limit ; a bank round a 
garden. — v. to touch at the side or edge ; to 
approach near to ; to adorn with a border. 

BorMer-er, n. one who dwells near a border. 

Bore, v. (S. borian) to make a hole ; to 
perforate. — n. a hole ; the size of any hole. 
Bor'er, n. one who bores. 

Bore, n. (bear 1) a tide swelling above 
another tide ; a sudden influx of the tide. 

Bore, p. t. of bear. 

Bo're-as, n. (L.) the north wind. 
Bo're-al, a. northern. 

Born, p. p. of bear ; brought forth. 
Borne, p. p. of bear ; carried. 

Bor'ough, btir'o, n. (S. burli) a cor- 
porate town. 

Bor'row, v. (S. borgian) to take the 

use of for a time ; to ask a loan. 
BOr'row-er, n. one who borrows. 
Bor'row-ing, n. the act of taking in loan. 

Bos'cage, n. (Fr. bocage) wood ; wood- 
lands ; the representation of woods. 
Bos'ky, a. woody. 

Bo'som, n. (S. bosum) the breast ; the 
heart. — a. confidential ; intimate. — v. to 
inclose in the bosom ; to conceal. 

Boss, n. (Fr. bosse) a stud ; a knob. 
Bossed, a. ornamented with bosses. 
Bos'sy, a. having bosses ; studded. 

Bot'a-ny, n. (Gr. botane) the science 

which treats of plants. 
Bo-tan'ic, Bo-tan'i-cal, a. relating to plants. 
Bo-tan'i-cal-ly, ad. according to botany. 
Bot'a-nist, n. one skilled in plants. 
Bot'a-nize, v. to study plants. 

Botch, it. (It. bozza) an ulcerous swell- 
ing ; a work ill finished. — v. to mark with 
botches ; to mend awkwardly. 

Botch'er, n. a mender of old clothes. 

Bot^h'er-ly, a. clumsy ; patched. 

Botch'er-y, n. a clumsy addition ; patchwork. 

Bfit^h'y, a. marked with botches. 

Both, a. (S. ba, tiva) the two ; the one 
and the other. — con. as well. 

Both'er, v. to perplex ; to tease. 

Bot'ry-oTd, a. (Gr. botrus, eidos) hay- 
ing the form of a bunch of grapes. 

Bots, n. pi. small worms in the en- 
trails of horses. 

Bot'tle, 72. (Fr. bouteille) a vessel with 
a narrow mouth, to put liquor in ; the con- 
tents of a bottle ; a quantity of hay or 
straw bundled up.— v. to put into bottles. 

Bot'tled, a put into bottles ; protuberant. 

Bot'tling, n. the act of putting into bottles. 

BcU'tle-nosed, a. having a large thick nose. 

BOt'tle-screw, n. a screw to pull out a cork. 

Bot'tom, n. (S. botm) the lowest part; 

the ground under water ; the foundation ; 

a dale ; a ship ; an adventure. — v. to found 

or build upon ; to rest upon for support. 
BOt'tomed, a. having a bottom. 
I Bot'tom-less, a. without a bottom. 
I B6t'tom-ry, n. the act of borrowing money 

on a ship. 

! Bough,bou,7i.(S.5o#a)a branch of a tree. 
Botight, n. a twist ; a bend ; the part of a 
sling which holds the stone. 

Bought, bat, p. t. and p. p. of buy. 

Bounce, v. (D. bonzen) to leap ; to 
spring ; to thump ; to boast ; to lie. — n. a 
heavy blow ; a sudden noise ; a boast. 

BOun'cer, n. a boaster ; a bully ; a bar. 

BOun^ing-ly, ad. boastingly ; with threat. 

Bound, p. t. and p. p. of bind. 

Bound, n. (S. bunde) a limit ; that 
which restrains.— v. to limit ; to restrain 
i Bound'a-ry, n. a limit. 
I Bound'en, a. obliged ; appointed. 

Bound'er, n. one that limits. 

BSund'less, a. without bound ; unlimited. 
, Bound'less-ness, n. the being unlimited. 

I Bound, v. (Fr. bondir) to spring ; to 

jump ; to fly back. — n. a spring ; a leap. 
■ BOund'ing-stone, n. a stone to play with. 

Boun'ty, n. (L. bonus) generosity ; 
liberality ; munificence ; a premium. 
' BOun'te-ous, a. liberal ; kind. 

BOun'te-ous-ly, ad. liberally ; generously. 
, BOun'te-ous-ness, n. liberality ; muniheene*. 
I B6Qn'ti-ful, a. liberal ; generous. 
1 Bfiun'ti-ful-ly, ad. liberally ; generously. 
1 Boun'ti-ful-ness, n. generosity. 

Bou'quet, biVka, n. (Fr.) a nosegay. 

Bour'geon, v. (Fr.) to sprout ; to bud. 

Bourn, n. (S. bume) a bound ; a limit. 

Bouse, v. (D . buysen) to drink sottishly. 
Bou'^y, a. drunken; intoxicated. 

Bout, n. (It. botta) a turn ; a trial. 

Bo'vine, a. (L. bos) pertaining to oxen. 

Bow, v. (S. bugan) to bend ; to in- 
cline towards ; to depress ; to make a re- 
verence. — n. an act of reverence or respect. 

Bow'er, n. one who bows. 

Bow, n. (S. boga) an instrument for 
shooting arrows ; any thing bent in the form 
of a curve ; an instrument with which 
stringed instruments are played. 

Bow'yer, n. a maker of bows ; an archer. 

Bow'bgnt, a. crooked like a bow. 

Bow'hand, n. the hand that draws the bow. 

Bow'leg, n. a crooked leg. 

Bow'legged, a. having crooked legs. 

Bow'man, archer ; one who shoots a bow. 

Bow'shot, n. the distance an arrow may reach. 

Bow'strlng, n. the string of a bow. 

Bow'sprlt, n. a large boom or spar project- 
ing from the head of a ship. 

Bow'wln-dow, n. a projecting window. 

Bow'els, 72. pi. (Fr. boyau) the intes- 
tines;' the entrails; pity; tenderness. 
Bow'el-less, a. without tenderness or pity. 

tube, tub, full ; cry, crypt, myrrh ; toil, bOy, our, n6w, new ; cede, gem, rai§e, exist, 




Bow'er, n. (S. bur) a retired cham- 
ber ; a shady recess. 
Bow'er-y, a. having bowers ; shady. 

Bowl, n. (S. bolla) a vessel to hold 
liquid ; the hollow part of any thing. 

Bowl, n. (Fr. boule) a ball for playing. 

— v. to roll as a bowl ; to play at bowls. 
Bowl'er, n. one who plays at bowls. 
Bo wring, n. the act of playing at bowls. 
Bowling-green, n. a level piece of ground 

for playing at bowls. 
Bowl'der-stones, n. pi. round stones, found 

chiefly on the sea-shore. 

Bow'line, n. (Fr. bouline) a rope used 
to make a sail stand close to the wind. 

Box, n. (L. buxus) a tree or shrub. 
Box'en, a. made of box ; like box. 

Box, n. (S.) a case made of wood ; a 
chest. — v. to inclose in a box. 

Box, n. (W. bock ?) a blow with the 

list. — v. to fight with the fist. 
Box'er, n. one who boxes ; a pugilist. 
Box'ing, n. the act of fighting with the fist. 

Boy,7i.(Gr . pais ?) a male child ; a youth. 
Boy'hood, n. the state of a boy. 
Boy'ish, a. like a boy ; childish. 
Boy'ish-ness, n. the being like a boy. 
Boy 'ism, n. the state of a boy ; puerility. 
Boys/play, n. amusement of a boy. 

Brace, 7i. (Gr. brachion) a bandage ; a 
piece of timber to keep a building from 
swerving; a crooked line in writing and 
printing ; a pair : pi. straps to keep up any 
part of the dress.— v. to bind ; to tie close ; 
to strain up. 

Bra'cer, n. a bandage ; a cincture. 

Brace'let, n. an ornament for the arm. 

Brachial, a. belonging to the arm. 

Brack'et, n. a support fixed to a wall ; a 
crooked line in writing and printing. 

Brach, n. (Fr. bmque) a bitch hound. 

Brach'man. See Bramin. 

Bra-chyg'ra-phy, n. (Gr. brachus, gra- 

pho) short-hand writing. 
Bra-chyg'ra-pher, n. a short-hand writer. 

Brack, n. (S. bracan) a breach ; a crack. 

Brack'en. See under Brake. 

Brack'ish, a. (D. brack) rather salt. 
Brack'ish-ness, n. saltness in a small degree. 

Brag, v. (D. braggeren) to boast. — 

n. a boast ; a game at cards. 
Brag-ga-do'ci-o, n. a boaster. 
Brag'gar-dism, n. boastfulness. 
Brag'gart, n. a boaster. — a. boastful. 
Br&g'ger, n. a boaster. 
Brag'ging-ly, ad. boastingly. 

Braid, v. (S. bredan) to weave toge- 
ther. — n. a texture ; a sort of lace ; a knot. 

Brain, n. (S. brcegen) the soft whitish 
mass inclosed in trie skull ; the understand- 
ing ; the fancy. — v. to dash out the brains. 

Brain'ish, a. hotheaded ; furious. 

Brain'less, a. silly ; thoughtless. 

Brain'pan, n. the skull containing the brains. 

Brain's! ck,a.disordered in the understanding. 
Brain'slck-ly, ad. weakly ; giddily. 
Brain'slck-ness, n. giddiness ; indiscretion. 

Brake, n. (S. bracan) an instrument 
for dressing flax ; a snaffle for horses. 

Brake, n. (S. bracan 1) fern ; a thicket. 
Bra'ky, a. thorny ; rough ; prickly. 
Brack'en, n. fern. 

Bram'ble, n. (S. bremel) the black- 
berry bush ; a prickly shrub. 
Bram'bled, a. overgrown with brambles. 

Bra'mi^Brah'min,?!. an Indian priest. 
Bra-mln'i-cal, a. relating to the Bramins. 

Bran, n. (W.) husks of ground corn. 
Bran'ny, a. consisting of bran. 

Branch, n. (Fr. branche) a bough ; a 
shoot ; offspring. — divide into branches. 

Bran^ft'er, n. one that shoots out into 
branches ; a young hawk. 

Branf/i'less, a. without branches. 

Branny, a. full of branches. 

Brand, n. (S.) a burning piece of wood ; 
a sword ; a mark of infamy. — v. to burn 
with a hot iron ; to mark with infamy. 

Brand'ish, v. to wave ; to shake ; to flourish ; 
to play with. — n. a flourish. 

Brand 7 ling, n. a kind of worm. 

Bran'dy, n. (brand, wine) a liquor 

distilled from wine. 
Bran'gle, v. (be, wrangleX) to dispute; 

to squabble. — n. a dispute. 
Bran'gling, n. quarrel. 

Bra-sil'. See Brazil. 

Brass, n. (S. bras) a yellow metal, com- 
posed of copper and zinc ; impudence. 

Bras/ier, Braz'ier, n. one who works in brass. 

Bras'sy, a. partaking of brass ; impudent. 

Braze, v. to solder with brass; to harden. 

Bra'zen, a. made of brass ; impudent. — v. to 
be impudent ; to bully. 

Bra'zen-face, n. an impudent person. 

Bra'zen-fa^ed, a. impudent ; shameless. 

Brat, n. a child, so called in contempt. 
Brave, a. (Fr.) courageous ; gallant ; 
bold. — n. a bold man ; a boast. — v. to defy. 
Brave'ly, ad. in a brave manner. 
Bra r ver-y, n. courage ; intrepidity ; heroism. 
Bra-va r do, n. a boast ; an arrogant threat. 
Bra'vo, n. an assassin ; a daring villain. 

Brawl, v. (Fr. brailler) to quarrel noi- 
sily ; to drive away. — n. a noisy quarrel. 
Brawl'er, n. a noisy fellow ; a wrangler. 
Brawl'ing, n. the act of quarrelling. 

Brawn, n. (S. bar) the flesh of a boar; 

the muscular part of the body ; the arm. 
Brawned, a. muscular ; strong. 
Brawn'er, n. a boar killed for the table. 
Brawn"y, a. muscular ; fleshy ; hard. 
Brawn'i-ness, n. strength ; hardness. 

Bray, v. (S. bracan) to grind small ; 

to pound ; to make a harsh noise, like an 

ass. — n. the noise of an ass. 
Bray'er, n. one that brays. 
Bray'ing, n. clamour ; noise. 

Fate, fat, far, fall ; me, m§t, there, her ; pine, pin, field, fir ; note, n6t, nor, move, son ; 




Braze. See under Brass. 

Bra-zIT, n. (Port, braza) a kind of 
wood for dyeing. 

Breach, rc. (S. brecan) the act of break- 
ing •* a gap ; a quarrel ; an infraction. 

Bread, n. (S.) food made of ground 
corn ; support of life. 

Breadth, n. (S. brad) measure from 

side to side. 
Breadth'less, a. having no breadth. 

Break, v. (S. brecan) to part by vio- 
lence ; to burst ; to crush ; to shatter ; to 
tame ; to make bankrupt ; to discard ; to 
infringe : p. t. broke or brake ; p. p. bro'ken. 

Break, n. the state of being broken ; an open- 
ing ; a pause ; a line drawn ; the dawn. 

Break'er, n. one that breaks ; a wave broken 
by a rock or sandbank. 

Bre'ak'ing, n. bankruptcy; dissolution. 

Break'fast, v. to eat the first meal in the day. 
— n. the first meal in the day. 

Break'neck, n. a steep place. 

Break'wa-ter, n. a mole to break the force 
of the waves. 

Bream, n. (Fr. breme) a fish. 

Breast, n. (S. breost) the part of the 
body between the neck and the belly ; the 
bosom ; the heart ; the conscience. — v. to 
meet in front ; to oppose breast to breast. 

Breastbone, n. the bone of the breast. 

Breast'degp, a. up to the breast. 

Breast'hlgh, a. up to the breast. 

Breast'knOt, n. a knot worn on the breast. 

Breast'pln, n. an ornament for the breast. 

Brfiast'plate, n. armour for the breast. 

Breast'work, n. a work as high as the breast. 

Breath, n. (S. breath) the air drawn in 

and expelled by the lungs ; life ; respite ; 

pause; breeze; an instant. 
Breathe, v. to draw in and expel the air ; to 

live ; to pause ; to utter privately. 
Breath'er, n. one who breathes. 
Breath'ful, a. full of breath or odour. 
Breath'ing, n. respiration; vent; accent. 
Breath'ing-place, n. a pause ; a vent. 
Breath'ing- time, n. relaxation; rest. 
Breath/less, a. out of breath ; dead. 
Breath'less-ness, n. the state of being out of 

Bred, p. t. and p. p. of breed. 

Breech, n. (S. brecan) the lower part of 
the body ; the hinder part of any thing. — 
v. to put into breeches ; to fit with a breech. 

Breech'es, brlch'es, n. pi. a garment worn 
by men over the lower part of the body. 

Breech'ing, n. a whipping. 

Breed, v. (S. bredan) to procreate ; to 
give birth to ; to educate ; to bring up ; to 
be with young : p. t. and p. p. br6d. 

Breed, n. a race ; offspring ; progeny ; a kind. 

Breed'er, n. one that breeds. 

Breeding, n. education ; manners ; nurture. 

Breese, n. (S. briosa) a stinging fly. 

Breeze, n. (Fr. brise) a gentle gale ; 

a soft wind. — v. to blow gently. 
BrGeze'less, a. without a breeze. 

BrfieVy, a. fanned with gales ; full of gales. 
Brethren, pi. of brother. 

Breve, n. (L. brevis) a musical note ; 

a writ ; a short note or minute. 
Brev'et, n. a commission which entitles an 

officer to rank above his pay. 
Brev'ia-ry, n. an abridgment ; an epitome ; 

a book containing the daily services of the 

Romish church. 
BreViate, ?u a short compendium. 
BreVi-ty, n. shortness ; conciseness. 

Brew, bru, v. (S. briwan) to make 
malt liquor ; to mingle ; to contrive.— 
n. that which is brewed. 

Brew'age, n. drink brewed ; a mixture. 

Brew'ef, n. one who brews. 

Brew'er-y, n. a place for brewing. 

Brew'ing, n. the quantity brewed at once. 

Brew'hOuse, n. a house for brewing. 

Bribe, n. (Fr. bribe) a reward given 
to corrupt the conduct. — v. to give a bribe ; 
to gain by bribes. 

Brlb'er, n. one who gives bribes. 

Brlb'er-y, n. the giving or taking of bribes. 

Brick, n. (Fr. brique) a squared mass 
of burnt clay ; a small loaf. — v. to lay with 
bricks ; to place as a brick. 

BrTck'bat, n. a piece of brick. 

Brlck'clay, n. clay for making bricks. 

Brlck'dust, n. dust made by pounding bricks. 

Brlck'kTln, n. a kiln for burning bricks. 

BrTcklay-er, n. a brick-mason. 

BrTck'mak-er, ?j. one who makes bricks. 

Bride, ?2. (S. bryd) a woman about to 

be married, or newly married. 
Brl'dal, n. a wedding. — a. belonging to a 

wedding; nuptial; connubial. 
Brlde'bed, n. a marriage bed. 
Brlde'cake, ?i. cake distributed at a wedding. 
Brlde'9ham-ber, n. the nuptial chamber. 
Brlde'groom, n. a man about to be married, 

or newly married. 
Brlde'maid, n. she who attends on the bride. 
Brlde'man,n. he who attends the bridegroom. 

Brlde'well, n. a house of correction : 
so called from a palace near St Bride's Well, 
in London, which was turned into a work- 

Bridge, n. (S. brycg) a building raised 
over water for convenience of passage ; the 
upper part of the nose ; the supporter of 
the strings of a musical instrument. — 1\ to 
build a bridge over. 

Bri'dle, n. (S. bridl) the reins by which 
a horse is governed ; a restraint ; a curb. — 
v. to put on a bridle ; to restrain. 

Brld'ler, n. one who bridles. 

Bri'dle-hand, n. the hand which holds the 
bridle in riding. 

Brief, a. (L. brevis) short ; concise ; 
contracted. — n. a short extract ; the state- 
ment of a case given to a pleader. 
Briefly, ad. in few words ; concisely ; quickly 
Briefness, n. shortness ; conciseness. 

Brfer, n. (S. br&r) a prickly shrub, 
Brfer-y, a. full of briers ; rough. 

tube, tfib, full; cry, cr^pt, myrrh ; toil, b5y, Our, now, new ; cede, gem, raise, e$ist, thin. 




Brig, n. (brigantine) a vessel with 
two masts. 

Bri-gade', n. (Fr.) a division of troops. 
Brtg-a-dier', n. an officer who commands a 

Brig'and, n. (Fr.) a freebooter 
Brlg'an-dage, n. theft ; plunder. 
Brlg'an-dme, n. a light vessel, such as was 

formerly used by pirates ; a coat of mail. 
Brlg'an-tlne, n. a light vessel. 

Bright, brlt, a. (S. beorht) shining ; 

clear ; resplendent ; evident ; illustrious. 
Brlght'en, v. to make bright. 
Brlght'ly, ad. splendidly ; with lustre. 
Brightness, n. lustre ; acuteness. 

Brigue, n. (Fr.) cabal ; intrigue ; con- 
tention. — v. to canvass ; to solicit. 

Brilliant, a. (Fr. briller) shining ; 
sparkling. — n. a diamond of the finest cut. 
Brlll'ian-cy, n. lustre ; splendour. 
Brlll'iant-ly, ad. splendidly. 

Brim, n. (S. brymme) the edge ; the 
upper edge of a vessel ; the brink of a foun- 
tain, river, or sea. — v. to fill to the brim. 

Brlm'ful, a. full to the brim. 

Brlm'less, a. without a brim. 

Brlm'mer, n. a bowl full to the top. 

Brtm'ming, a. full to the top. 

Brim'stone, n. (S. bryne, stan) sulphur. 
Brlm'sto-ny, a. full of brimstone. 

Brin'ded, a. (S. byrnan ?) streaked. 
Brln'dle, n. the state of being brinded. 
Brin'dled, a. streaked ; spotted. 

Brine, n. (S. bryne) water impreg- 
nated with salt ; the sea. 
Brln'ish, a. saltish ; like brine. 
Brln'y, a. salt ; like brine. 
Brlne'plt, n. a pit of salt water. 

Bring, v. (S. bringari) to fetch from ; 
to convey or carry to ; to draw along ; to 
procure ; to attract ; to induce ; to prevail 
upon : p. t. and p. p. brought. 

Brlng / er, n. one who brings. 

Brink, n. (Dan.) the edge ; the margin. 
Brisk, a. (Fr. brusque) lively; active; 

full of spirit ; vivid ; bright. 
Brlsk'ly, ad. actively ; spiritedly. 
Brlsk'ness, n. liveliness ; activity. 
Brisk'et, n. (Fr. brechet) the breast. 
Bris'tle, bris'sl, n. (S. bristl) the hair 

of a swine ; stiff hair. — v. to erect as bristles. 
Bristly, a. thick set with bristles. 

British, a. relating to Britain. 
Brlt'on, n. a native of Britain. 
Bri-tan'nic, a. belonging to Britain. 

Brittle, a. (S. brytan) easily broken. 
Brlt'tle-ness, n. aptness to break. 
Brlze. See Breese. 
Broach, n. (Fr. broche) a spit.— v. to 
spit; to pierce ; to open; to let or give out. 
BrOach'er, n. a spit ; one who broaches. 

Broad, a. (S. brad) wide ; large ; ex- 
tensive ; open ; coarse ; obscene. 

Broad r en, v. to grow broad. 
Broad'ish, a. rather broad. 
Broad'ly, ad. in a broad manner. 
Broad'ness, n. breadth ; coarseness. 
Broad'cloth, n. a fine kind of woollen cloth. 
Broad'side, n. the side of a ship ; a discharge 

of all the guns at once from the side of a 

ship ; a large sheet of paper. 
Broad'sword, n. a cutting sword, with a 

broad blade. 
Broad'wls^jOd. in the direction of the breadth. 

Bro-cade', n. (Sp. brocado) a kind of 

flowered silk. 
Bro-cad r ed, a. woven or worked as brocade ; 

dressed in brocade. 

Bro'cage. See under Broke. 

Br6Vco-li,n. (It.) a species of cabbage. 

Brock, n. (S. broc) a badger. 

Brock'et, n. a red deer, two years old. 

Brogue, n. (Ir. brog) a kind of shoe ; 
corrupt dialect. 

BroTder, v. (Fr. broder) to adorn with 

figures of needlework. 
Brol'der-er, n. one who broiders. 
Brol'der-y, n. ornamental needlework. 

Broil, n. (Fr. brouiller) a tumult ; a 

Broil, v. (Fr. bruler) to cook by laying 

on the coals ; to be in the heat. 
BrOU'er, n. one who broils. 

Broke, v. (S. brucan) to transact 
business for others. 

Br6"kage, Brocage, n. profit gained by pro- 
moting bargains'; dealing in old goods ; hire. 

Bro'ker, n. a factor ; a dealer in old goods. 

Bro'ker-age, n. the pay or reward of a broker. 

Brc/ker-ly, a. mean ; servile. 

Bro'ker-y, n. the business of a broker. 

Broke, p. t. of break. 

Broken, p. p. of break. 
BrO'ken-ly, ad. in an interrupted manner. 
Bro'ken-ness, n. the state of being broken. 
Bro-ken-heart'ed, a. having the spirits crush- 
ed by grief or despair. 
Bro-ken-wlnd'ed, a. having short breath. 

Bron'chi-al, a. (Gr. bronchos) belong- 
ing to the throat. 

Bron'cho-cele, n. a tumor in the throat. 

Bron-ch5t'o-my, n. the operation of cutting 
the windpipe. 

Bronze, Bronze, n. (Fr.) a metal com- 
pounded of copper and tin. — v. to harden 
as brass ; to colour like bronze. 

Brooch, n. (Fr. broche) a sort of buc- 
kle for fastening the dress ; a jewel. — v. to 
adorn with jewels. 

Brood, v. (S. brod) to sit as on eggs ; 
to remain long in anxiety ; to mature with 
care. — n. offspring ; progeny ; the number 
hatched at once ; a production. 

Brood'y, a. inclined to brood. 

Brook, n. (S. broc) a stream; a rivulet. 
Br66k r y, a. abounding with brooks. 

Fate, fat, far. fall; me, m£t, th6re, her; pine, ptn, field, fir; note, n5t, nor, mdve, son; 




Brook, u. (S. brucan) to bear ; to endure. 

Broom, n. (S. bram) a shrub; a besom. 
Brodm or Bream, v. to clean a ship. 
Br66m'y,a. full of broom; consisting of broom. 
Broom'staff, Broom'stlck, n. the handle of 
a besom. 

Broth, n. (S.) liquor in which flesh 
has been boiled. 

Brotn'el, n. (Fr. bar del) a house of 

lewdness ; a bawdy-house. 
Br6th'el-ler, n. one who frequents brothels. 
Broth/el-ry, n. whoredom ; obscenity. 

Brother, n. (S.) one born of the same 
parents ; any one closely united ; an asso- 
ciate : pi. broth'ers and brgth'ren. 

Broth'er-hood, n. the state of being a brother; 
a fraternity ; an association. 

Broth'er-less, a. without a brother. 

Broth'er-llke, a, becoming a brother. 

Broth'er-ly, a. like a brother ; affectionate. — 
ad. in the manner of a brother. 

Brought, brat, p. t. and p. p. of bring. 

Brow, n. (S. br&vi) the ridge over the 
eye ; the forehead ; the edge of any high 
place. — v. to form the edge or border of. 

Brflw'beat, v. to depress by stern looks. 

BrOw'beat-ing, n. a depressing by stern looks. 

Brfiw'bound, a. crowned; having a diadem. 

Brow^ess, a. without shame. 

Brown, n. (S. brun) the name of a 

colour. — a. of a brown colour ; dusky. 
Brflwn'ish, a. somewhat brown. 
Br6\vn'ness, n. a brown colour. 
BrOwn-stQd'y, n. deep thoughtfulness. 

Browse, v. (Gr. brosko) to eat tender 
branches or shrubs. — n. branches or shrubs. 
BrOws/ing, n. food for cattle. 

Bruise, v. (S. brysari) to crush or man- 
gle by blows. — n. a hurt from a blow. 
Bruis/er, n. one who bruises ; a boxer. 

Bruit, n. (Fr.) report ; rumour. — 
v. to noise or spread abroad. 

Bru'mal, a. (L. bruma) belonging to 
the winter. 

Bru-nette', n. (Fr.) a woman with a 
brown or dark complexion. 

Brunt, n. (S. byrnari) the heat or vio- 
lence of an onset ; shock. 

Brush, n. (Fr. brosse) an instrument 
for cleaning or sweeping ; a pencil used by 
painters ; the tail of a fox ; an assault ; a 
thicket.— v. to sweep with a brush; to 
move with haste. 

Brush'er, n. one who brushes. 

Brush'y, a. rough or shaggy, like a brush. 

Brush/w6dd, n. low close bushes. 

Brusk, a. (Fr. brusque) rude; abrupt. 

Brus'tle, briis'sl, v. (S. brastlian) to 
crackle ; to make a noise. 

Brute, a. (L. brutus) senseless ; irra- 
tional ; savage,— r.. an irrational animal. 
Bru'tal, a. like a brute ; savage ; cruel. 
Bru-tal'i-ty, n. savageness ; inhumanity. 

Bru'tal-Ize, v. to make or grow brutai. 
Bru'tal-ly, ad. in a brutal manner. 
Brute'ly, ad. in a rude manner. 
Bru'ti-fy, v. to make like a brute. 
Br u'tish, a. bestial; savage; gross. 
Bru'tish-ly, ad. in the manner of a brute. 
Bru'tish-ness, n. savageness. 
BryVny, n. (L. bryonia) a plant. 

Bubble, n. (D. bobbel) a small bladder 
of water ; any thing empty ; a cheat ; a 
false show. — v. to rise in bubbles ; to run 
with a gentle noise ; to cheat. 

Btib'bler, n. a cheat. 

Bub'bly, a. consisting of bubbles. 

Bul)o, n. (Gr. boubon) the groin ; a 

tumor in the groin. 
Bu'bo-no-cele, n. rupture in the groin. 

Buc-a-nieV, Buc-ca-neer / , n. (Fr. bou- 
caner ?) a pirate. 

Buck, n. (Ger. beuche) lye or suds in 
which clothes are soaked or washed. — v. to 
soak or wash in lye. 

BQck'bas-ket, n. a" basket in which clothes 
are carried to be washed. 

Buck, n. (S. bucca) the male of cer- 
tain animals, as the deer ; a dashing fellow. 

Buck'skln,n. leather made from a buck's skin. 
— a. made of the skin of a buck. 

Buck'stall, n. a net to catch deer. 

Buek'et, n. (S. buc) a vessel for draw- 
ing water. 

Buc'kle, n. (Fr. boucle) an instru- 
ment for fastening dress. — v. to fasten with 
a buckle ; to prepare for action ; to bend. 

Buck'ler, n. a kind of shield. 

Biick'ram, n. (Fr. hounran) a sort of 
stiffened cloth.— a. stiff; precise. 

Bu-eoTic, Bu-coTi-cal, a. (Gr. boukolus) 

Bu-cfil'ic, n. a pastoral poem. 

Bud, )2. (Fr. bouton) the first shoot of a 
plant ; a gem.— v. to put forth buds. 

Budge, v. (Fr. bouger) to stir. 
Bud'ger, n. one who stirs. 

Budge, n. the dressed fur of lambs. 
Biid'get, n. (Fr. bougette) a bag ; a 
stock ; a statement respecting finances. 

Buf'fa-lo, n. (It.) a kind of wild ox. 
Buff, n. leather made of a buffalo's skin ; the 
colour of buff; a light yellow. 

Buffet, 72. (It. buffetto) a blow with 

the list.— v. to strike with the fist. 
Buffet-ing, n. striking; contention. 

Buf-f et', n. (Fr.) a kind of cupboard. 

Buf-foon', n. (Fr. bouffon) a low jes- 
ter ; a mimic — i*. to make ridiculous. 

Buf-fo6n'er-y, n. low jesting; mimicry. 

Bug, n. an insect. 

Bug, Bugbear, n. (W. bwg) something 
that scares, or raises absurd fright. 

Bu'gle, Bu'gle-horn, n. (S. bugan) a 

hunting or military horn. 

tube, tub, full; cry, crypt, myrrh; t6Il, boy, our, now, new; cede, £ein, rai^e, e^ist, thin. 




Bii'gle,?i. a shining bead of black glass. 

Build, v. (S. byldan) to raise a fabric 
or edifice ; to erect ; to construct : to de- 
pend on : p. t. and p. p. built. 

Bulld'er, n. one who builds ; an architect. 

Butld'ing, n. a fabric ; an edifice. 

Bulb, n. (Gr. bolbos) a round root. 
Bul'bous, a. having bulbs. 

Bul^e, n. (S. bcelg) the protuberant 

part of a cask; a protuberance. — v. to 

swell out ; to be protuberant. 
Bulk, n. (W. bwlg) size ; magnitude ; 

the mass ; the main part of a ship's cargo ; 

a part of a building that juts out. 
Barky, a. of great size. 
Bul'ki-ness, n. greatness of size. 
Bulk-head', n. a partition across a ship. 

Bull, n. (Ger. bulled the male of cattle; 

one of the signs of the zodiac. 
Bul'lock, n. an ox. 

Bull'bait-ing, n. a fight of bulls with dogs. 
Bull'calf, n. a male calf; a stupid fellow. 
Bulldog, n. a species of dog. 
Bull'f Inf/*, n. a species of bird. 
Bull'trdut, n. a large kind of trout. 
Bulrush, n. a large rush growing in water. 

Bull, n. (L. bulla) an edict of the 

pope ; a blunder. 
Bul'la-ry, n. a collection of papal bulls. 
Bul'list, n. a writer of papal bulls. 
Bul'lish, a. of the nature of a bull or blunder. 

Bullace, n. a sort of wild plum. 

Bullet, n. (Fr. boulet) a round ball of 
metal; shot. 

Bulle-tin, n. (Fr.) an official report. 

Bullion, n. (Fr. billon) gold or silver 
in mass, or uncoined. 

Bul-li'tion, n. (L. bullio) the act of 

Bully, n. (L. bulla ?) a noisy, quarrel- 
some fellow. — v. to bluster ; to threaten. 

Bul'wark, n. CD. bolwerke) a fortifi- 
cation ; a security. — v. to fortify. 

Bum, v. (D. bommen) to make a noise. 
Bump, v. to make noise ; to strike. — n. a 

swelling ; a protuberance. 
Bum'ble-bee, or Hum'ble-bee, n. a large bee. 
Bum'boat, n. a boat that carries provisions 

to a ship. 
Bump'kin, n. a clown ; a rustic. 

Bum-bailiff, n. (bound, bailiff) an 

under bailiff. 
Bum'per, n. (Fr. a bon, pere 1) a cup 

or glass filled to the brim. 
Bun,Bunn,?i.(Ir.6w7ma) a kind of cake. 

Biinp^, n. (G. bunke) a lump ; a clus- 
ter. — v. to swell out in a bunch. 
Bunf/i'y, a. full of bunches ; like a bunch. 

Bun'dle, n. (S. byndel) a number of 
things bound together. — v. to tie together. 

Bung, n. (W. bwng) a stopper for a 
barrel. — v. to stop up a barrel. 

Bung'hole, n. the hole in the side of a barrel. 
Bun'gle, v. (W. bwngler) to perform 

clumsily.— n. a clumsy performance. 
Bung'ler, n. one who bungles. 
Bung'ling-ly, ad. clumsily ; awkwardly. 

Bunting, n. the name of a bird. 

Buoy, n. (Fr. bouee) a piece of cork or 
wood floating on the water, tied to a weight 
at the bottom.— v. to keep afloat ; to bear up. 

Bud$Kan-cy, n. the quality of floating. 

Buoyant, a. floating ; light. 

Biir, n. the prickly head of burdock. 

Bur'den, or Burlhen, n. (S. byrtheii) 

what is borne ; a load. — v. to load. 
Bur'den-ous, a. grievous ; useless. 
Bur'den-some, a. heavy ; grievous ; severe. 
Bur'den-some-ness, n. weight ; heaviness. 

Bur'den, n. (Fr. bourdon) a chorus. 

Bu-reau', bu-ro', n. (Fr.) a chest of 
drawers with a writing board. 

Bur'ga-net, Bur'go-net, n. (Fr. bour- 
guignote) a kind oi helmet. 

Burgh, burg, n. (S. burh) a corporate 

town ; a borough. 
Bur'gage, n. a tenure by whicn the inhabi 

tantsof towns hold their lands or tenements 
BQr'gess, n. a freeman of a burgh. 
Bur'gess-ship, n. the state of a burgess. 
Bur'gher, n. a freeman of a burgh. 
Burg'mote, n. a burgh court. 
Bur'go-mas-ter, n. a magistrate of a city. 
Bur'grave, n. a governor of a town or castle. 

Burglar, n. (S. burh, Fr. larron) a 

thief who breaks into a house by night. 
Bflrg'la-ry, n. housebreaking by night. 
Burg-la'ri-ous, a. relating to housebreaking. 

Bur'gun-dy, ? made inBurgundy. 

Burl-al. See under Bury. 

Bu'rine, n. (Fr. burin) a graving tool. 

Burl, n. to dress cloth, as fullers do. 
Burl'er, n. a dresser of cloth. 

Bur-lesque', a. (Fr.) tending to raise 
laughter ; jocular. — n. a ludicrous repre- 
sentation. — v. to turn to ridicule. 

Burly, a. (boor, like ?) big ; tumid ; 

Bur'li-ness, n. bulk ; bluster. 

Burn, v. (S. byrnan) to consume with 

fire ; to wound with fire ; to be on fire : 

p. t. and p. p. burned or burnt. 
Burn, n. a wound caused by fire. 
Burn'er, n. a person or thing that burns. 
Burn'ing, n. fire; flame; inflammation.— 

a. flaming ; vehement ; powerful. 
Burning-glass, n. a glass which collects or 

condenses the sun's rays. 

Bur'nish, v. (Fr. brunir) to polish ; to 

grow bright. — n. a gloss ; brightness. 
Bur / nlsh-er, n. one that burnishes. 

Biir'row, n. (S. beorgan) a hole in the 
ground for rabbits, &c. — v. to make holes 
in the ground. 

Fate, fat, far, fall ; me, mSt, there, her; pine, pin, field, fir; note, not, nor, move, s5n ; 




Burse, n. (L. bursa) an exchange 
where merchants meet. 

Bur'sar, n. the treasurer of a college ; a stu- 
dent who has an allowance from a fund. 

Bur'sar-ship, n. the office of a bursar. 

Bur'sa-ry, n. the treasury of a college ; the 
allowance paid to a bursar. 

Burst, v. (S. berstari) to break or fly 
asunder ; to break open suddenly ; to come 
suddenly or with violence: p.f.andp.p.burst. 

Burst, n, a sudden disruption ; a rupture. 

BuVthen. See Burden. 

Bur'y, ber'y, v. (S. birgari) to put into 
a grave ; to cover with earth ; to conceal. 
Bur'i-al, n. the act of burying ; a funeral. 
Bur'y-ing, n. the act of putting into the grave. 
Bur'y-ing-place, n. a place for graves. 

Bush, n. (Ger. busch) a thick shrub ; 

a bough. — v. to grow thick. 
Bush'y, a. full of bushes ; like a bush. 
Bushi-ness, n. the quality of being bushy 

Bush'el, n. (Fr. boisseau) a dry mea- 
sure containing eight gallons. 

Busk, n. (Fr. busc) a piece of steel or 
whalebone worn in stays. 

Bus'kin, n. (D. broseken) a kind of 
half boot ; a high shoe worn by ancient 
actors of tragedy. 

Bus'kined, a. dressed in buskins. 

Biiss, n. (L. basium) a kiss ; a salute 
with the lips. — v. to kiss. 

Buss,?i. (D. buis) a boat used in fishing. 

Bust, n. (It. busto) a statue of the 
head and shoulders. 

Biis'tard, n. a large bird of the tur- 
key kind. 

Bus'tle, biis'sl, v. (S. brastlian ?) to 
be busy with quick motion ; to be active. — 
ft. a hurry ; a tumult. 

Bus'tler, n. an active, stirring person. 

Bus'y, biz'y, a. (S. biseg) employed 
with earnestness ; active ; officious. — v. to 
employ ; to engage. 

Bus/i-ly, ad. in a busy manner. 

Business, blz'ness, ft. employment ; serious 
engagement ; an affair ; concern ; trade. 

Bus/y-bod-y, ft. a meddling person. 

But, con. (S. butari) except ; except 
that; besides; only; unless; yet.— ad. no 
more than.— prep, except. 

But, n. (Fr. bout) a boundary ; a 

limit. — 1\ to touch at one end. 
But'end, n. the blunt end of any thing. 
But'ment, n. the support of an arch. 
Butt, n. a mark to be aimed at ; an object of 

ridicule ; a blow or push. — v. to strike with 

the head or horns. 
But'shaft, n. an arrow 

Butch'er, n. (Fr. boucher) one who kills 
animals to sell ; one who delights in slaugh- 
ter. — v. to kill ; to murder. 

Butch'er-ly, a. bloody ; cruel. 

BQtch'er-y, n. the trade of a butcher ; slaugh- 
ter ; the place where animals are killed. 

Butler, n. (Fr. bouteille) a servant 

who has charge of liquors, &c. 
But'ler-ship, n. the office of a butler. 

Butt, n. (S. but) a large cask. 

But'ter, n. (L. butyrum) an oily sub- 
stance made from cream by churning.— 
v. to smear or spread with butter. 

But'ter-y, a. having the qualities of butter. — 
n. a room where provisions are kept. 

But'ter-fly, n. a winged insect. 

But'ter-m'llk, n. the milk which remains 
when butter has been made, 

But'ter-prlnt, n. a stamp to mark butter. 

Bu-ty-ra'ceous, Bu'ty-rous, a. having the 
qualities of butter. 

But'tock, n. (Fr. bout \) the rump. 

Biit'ton, n. (Fr. bouton) a knob or ball 
for fastening clothes ; the bud of a plant.— 
v. to fasten with buttons. 

But'ton-hoie, n. a hole to admit a button. 

BQt'ton-mak-er, n. one who makes buttons. 

BuYtress, n. (Fr. bout) a prop ; a sup- 
port. — v. to prop ; to support 

Bux'onija. (S. bocsum) obedient ; yield- 
ing ; gay ; lively ; brisk ; wanton. 
Bux'om-ly, ad. obediently ; wantonly. 
Bux'om-ness, n. obedience ; wantonness. 

Buy, v. (S. bycgan) to obtain for mo- 
ney ; to purchase : p. t. and p. p. bought. 
Buy'er, n. one who buys ; a purchaser. 

Buzz, v. to hum like a bee ; to whisper. 

— n. the noise of a bee or fly ; a whisper. 
Buz'zer, n. a secret whisperer. 

Buz'zard, n. a species of hawk ; a 
blockhead. — a. senseless ; stupid. 

By, prep. (S. be) denotes the agent, 
"way, or means; at; near.— ad. near; be- 
side ; in presence ; passing. 

By, Bye, n. something not the direct and im- 
mediate object of regard : as by the by or bye 

By'and-by, ad. in a short time. 

By, in composition, implies something out of 
the direct way. 

By'cor-ner, n. a private corner. 

Bs'-'gnd, ii. private interest. 

Begone, a. past. 

By'lane, n. a private lane. 

By 'law, ;j. a private rule. 

By'name, n. a nickname. 

By'past, a. past ; gone by. 

By'path, n. a private path. 

By'road, n. a private road. 

By'stand-er, n. a looker on. 

By'street, ft. an obscure street. 

ByA-iew, n. a self-interested purpose. 

By'walk, n. a private walk. 

BC'way, n. a private and obscure way. 

By'wlpe, ft. a secret stroke or sarcasm. 

By 'word, n. a saying ; a proverb. 

Byz'ant, Byz'an-tine, n. a gold com, 
made at Byzantium. 

Cab, n. (H.) a Hebrew measure of 
about three pints. 

tube, tub, full; cry, crypt, myrrh; t611, boy, our, n5w, new; cede, gem, rai?e, exist, thin. 





Ca-bal , Cab'a-la, n. (H.) Jewish tra- 
dition ; secret science. 
Cab'a-li§m, n. the science of the cabala. 
Cab'a-list, n. one skilled in Jewish tradition. 
Cab-a-lIs / tic,Cab-a-lIs / ti-cal,<2. secret; occult. 
Cab-a-lls'ti-cal-ly, ad. mysteriously. 
Cab'a-llze, v. to speak like the cabalists. 

Ca-bal', n. a private junto ; an in- 
trigue. — v. to intrigue. 
Ca-bal'ler, n. one who intrigues. 

CaVal-line, a. (L. caballus) belonging 
to a horse. 

Cab'a-ret, n. (Fr.) a tavern. 

Cablba^e, n. (L. caput ?) a vegetable. 

Cabbage, v. to steal in cutting clothes. 

Cab 'in, n. (W. caban) a cottage ; a 
small room ; a room in a ship. — v. to live 
or confine in a cabin. 

Cab'i-net, n. (Fr.) a closet ; a room in 
which consultations are held ; the collective 
body of ministers of state ; a set of drawers 
for curiosities ; a place for things of value. 

Cab'i-net-cftun-^l, n. a council of cabinet 

Cab'i-net-mak-er, n. a maker of fine wood- 

Ca'ble, n. (D. cabel) a rope to hold a 

ship at anchor ; a large rope. 
Cabled, a. fastened with a cable. 

Cab'ri-o-let, cab'ri-o-la, n. (Fr.) a sort 
of open carriage, commonly shortened into 

Cach'ex-y, n. (Gr. kakos, hexls) a bad 

state of body. 
Ca-ch6c'tic, Ca-cheVti-cal. a. having a bad 

state of body. 

Cach-in-na'tion, n. (L. cachinno) loud 

CacTtle, v. (D. kaeckelen) to make a 
noise like a hen or goose. — n. the noise of 
a fowl ; idle talk. 

Cackling, n. the noise of a hen or goose. 

Cac'o-chym-y, n. (Gr. kakos, chumos) 

a bad state of the humours. 
Cac-o-chym'ic, Cac-o-chym'i-cal, a. having 

the humours in a bad state. 

Cac-o-de'mon, n. (Gr. kakos, daimoii) 
an evil spirit. 

Cac-o-e'thes, n. (Gr. kakos, ethos) a 
bad custom. 

Ca-cog'ra-phy, n. (Gr. kakos, grapho) 
bad spelling. 

Ca-coph'o-ny, n. (Gr. kakos, phone) a 

bad sound of words. 
Ca-dav'er-ous, «. (L. cadaver) like a 

dead body. 
Cad'dis, n. (Gael, cadas} a kind of 

tape ; a worm or grub. 

Cad'dow, n. a chough ; a jackdaw. 
Cade, a, tame ; bred by hand. 
Cade, n. (L. cadus) a barrel or cask. 

Ca'dence, n. (L. cado) the fall of the 
voice in reading or speaking ; the flow of 
verses or periods ; the tone or sound. 

Ca'dent, a. falling down. 

Ca-det', ii. (Fr.) a younger brother ; 
a volunteer in the army, who serves in ex- 
pectation of a commission. 

Ca'di, n. (Ar.) a Turkish magistrate. 

Ca,-d\i'cous, a. (L.caducus) falling early. 
Ca-du r ci-ty, n. tendency to fall ; frailty. 

Cfe-su'ra, n. (L.) a pause in verse. 
Cae-sVral, a. relating to a caesura. 

Ca^e, n. (Fr.) an inclosure for birds 

or beasts. — v. to inclose in a cage. 
Cairn, n. (C.) a heap of stones. 

Cai'tiff, n. (It. cattivo) a mean villain ; 
a knave.— a. base ; servile. 

Ca-jole', v. (Fr. cajoler) to flatter ; to 

coax ; to delude. 
Ca-joTer-y, n. flattery ; deceit. 

Cake, n. (D. koek) a kind of bread ; 
concreted matter. — v. to form into a cake. 

Cal-a-man'co, n. a kind of woollen stuff. 

Cara-mine, n. an ore of zinc. 

Ca-lam'i-ty, n. (L. calamitas) misfor- 
tune ; misery ; distress. 
Ca-lam r i-tous, a. full of misery ; distressful. 

Cal'a-mus, n. (L.) a sort of reed. 

Ca-lash r , n. (Fr. caliche) a sort of open 

carriage ; a kind of hood. 
Cal-ca're-ous. See under Calx. 
CaTce-do-ny. See Chalcedony. 
Cal-cme'. See under Calx. 
Cal-cog'ra-phy. See Chalcography. 

Carcu-late, v. (L. calculus) to com- 
pute ; to reckon ; to adjust. 
Carcu-la-ble, a. that may be computed. 
Cal-cu-la'tion,/!. a computation ; a reckoning. 
Carcu-la-tive, a. belonging to calculation. 
Cafcu-la-tor, n. a computer ; a reckoner. 
Cal'cu-lus, n. stone in the bladder. 
Cal'cu-la-ry, a. relating to the stone. 
Cal'cu-lose, Cafcu-lous, a. stony; gritty. 

Cal'dron, n. (L. caldarium) a large 
kettle ; a boiler. 

Cal'e-fy, v. (L. caleo) to grow hot. 
Cal-e-fac'tion, n. the act of heating. 
Ca-lld'i-ty, n. heat. 
Cal'i-duct, n. a pipe to convey heat ; a stove. 

Calends, n. pi. (L. calendce) the first 
of every month among the Romans. 

Cal'en-dar, n. a yearly register ; an almanac. 
— v. to enter in a calendar. 

CaTen-der, v. (Gr. kulindros) to dress 
cloth. — n. a hot press for dressing cloth. 

CaTen-ture, n. (L. caleo) a species of 
fever peculiar to hot climates. 

Calf, caf, n. (S. cealf) the young of a 

Fiite, fat, far, fall; me, mSt, there, her; pine, pin, field, fir; note, not, nor, mdve, sol; 




cow ; a stupid fellow ; the thick part of the 

leg ; pi. calve§. 
Calf like, a. resembling a calf. 
Calve, v. to bring forth a calf. 
Calv'ish, a. like a calf. 

Cal'i-ber, Cal'i-bre, n. (Fr. calibre) the 
bore of a gun ; capacity ; cast ; sort. 

Calico. See Chalice. 

Call-co, n. a stuff made of cotton, 
from Calicut in India. 

Calif, Caliph, n. (Ar. khalifa) a title 

of the successors of Mohammed. 
Cari-phate, n. the office or dignity of a caliph. 

Cal-i-ga'tion, n. (L, caligo) darkness. 
Ca-lig'i-nous, a. dark ; obscure ; dim. 

Ca-lig'ra-phy, n. (Gr. kalos, grapho) 

beautiful writing. 
Cal-i-graph'ic, a. relating to beautiful writing. 

Cal-i-pash', Cal-i-pee', n. terms of 

cookery in dressing turtle. 
Call-ver, n. (Fr. calibre) a hand-gun. 
Calix, Calyx, n. (L.) a flower-cup. 

Calk, cak, v. (S. ccele) to stop the leaks 

of a ship. 
Calk'er, n. one who calks. 
Calk'ing-I-ron, n. a chisel for calking. 

Call, n. (L. calo) to name ; to summon; 
to convoke ; to cry out ; to make a short 
visit. — n. an address ; a summons ; a de- 
mand ; a short visit. 

Call'er, n. one who calls. 

Call'ing, n. vocation ; profession ; trade. 

Cal-lidl-ty, ft. (L. callidus) craftiness. 

Calli-pers, n. pi. (Fr. calibre) com- 
passes with curved legs. 

Callous, a. (L. callus) hardened ; in- 
sensible ; unfeeling. 

Cal-los'i-ty, n. a hard swelling without pain. 

Cal'lous-ly, ad. in an unfeeling manner. 

Cal'lous-ness, n. hardness ; insensibility. 

Callow, a. (S. calo) unfledged ; naked. 

Calm, cam, a. (Fr. calme) quiet ; serene ; 

undisturbed. — n. serenity ; quiet ; repose. 

— v. to still ; to quiet ; to pacify. 
Calm'er, n. one that calms. 
Calm'ly, ad. serenely ; quietly. 
Calm'ness, n. tranquillity ; mildness. 
Calm'y, a. quiet ; peaceful. 

CaTo-mel, ft. (Gr. kalos, melas) a pre- 
paration of mercury. 

Ca-lorlc, ft. (L. calor) the principle or 
matter of heat. 

Cal-o-rlfic, a. causing heat. 

Ca-lotte', ft. (Fr.) a coif ; a cap. 

Ca-loy'ers, n. pi. (Gr. kalos) monks of 

the Greek church. 
Cal'trop, Cal'tnrop,ft.(S. coltrneppe) an 

instrument of war for wounding horses' feet. 
Cal'u-met, n. an Indian smoking pipe. 

Callim-ny, n. (L. calumnia) slander ; 
false accusation. 

Ca-lum'ni-ate, slander; to accuse falsely 
Ca-ltim-ni-a/tion, n. false accusation. 
Ca-lum / ni-a-tor, n. a slanderer. 
Ca-lum'ni-a-to-ry, a. false j slanderous. 
Ca-lum'ni-ous, a. falsely reproachful. 
Ca-lum'ni-ous-ly, ad. in a slanderous manner. 
Ca-lum'ni-ous-ness, n. slanderous accusatiou. 

Cal'vin-ism, n. the doctrine of Calvin, 
Cal'vin-ist*, n. a follower of Calvin. 
Cal-vin-is'tic, Cal-vin-Is'ti-cal, a. relating to 

Calx, ft. (L.) lime or chalk ; powder 

made by burning : pi. cal'ggs. 
Cal-ca're-ous, a. of the nature of lime or chalk. 
Cal'cine, v. to burn to a calx or powder. 
Cal'fi-na-ble, a. that may be calcined. 
Cal^i-nate, v. to burn to calx or powder. 
Cal-ci-na'tion, n. the act of calcining. 

Cambric, n. a kind of fine linen, from 
Cambray in Flanders. 

Came, p. t. of come. 

Cam'el, n.(L. camelus) an animal com- 
mon in Arabia and other eastern countries. 

Came'lot, Cam'let, n. a stuff made of camel's 
hair, or wool and bilk. 

Cam'el-o-pardjft. (L. camelus, pardus) 
the giraffe, a large quadruped. 

Cam'e-o,?!. (It.) a gem on which figures 
are engraved. 

Cam r e-ra ob-scu'ict, n. (L.) an optical 
machine used in a darkened chamber, by 
which objects without are exhibited. 

Cam-e-ralion, n. (L. camera) a vault- 
ing or arching. 

Cam-i-sa'do, n. (Fr. chemise) an attack 
made in the dark. 

Cam'o-mTle, ft. (Gr. chamai, melon) a 

Camp, n. ( L. campus) the order of tents 
for an army ; an army encamped. — v. to 
fix tents ; to lodge in tents. 

Cam-pa ign', cam -pan', n. a large open coun- 
try ; the time an army keeps the field iu 
one year.— v. to serve in a campaign. 

Cam-pes'tral, a. growing in fields. 

Cam-panl-form, a. (L. campana) in 
the form of a bell. 

a solid white gum. 

Cam'phire, v. to impregnate with eamphire. 

Cam'pho-rate, Cam'pho-ra-ted, a. impreg- 
nated with camphor. 

Can, v. (S. cunnan) to be able ; to 
have power : p. t. could. 

Can, ft. (S. carina) a vessel for liquor. 
Can'a-kin, n. a little can ; a small cup. 

Ca-naille', ca-naIT,ft. (Fr.) the rabble. 

Ca-nar, n. (L. canalis) a water-cours6 
made by art ; a duct. 

Ca-na'ry, n. wine brought from the Ca- 
nary islands ; a singing bird ; an old dance. 

Can'cel, v. (L. cancelli) to blot out ; to 
efface ; to obliterate. 

tube, tQb, full ; cry, crypt, myrrh ; toil, b6?, Our, nOw, new ; cede, gem, rai§e, exist, thin. 




Can'c el-la-ted, a. marked with cross lines. 

Cancer, n. (L.) a crab-fish ; one of the 

signs of the zodiac ; a virulent sore. 
Cancer-ate, v. to grow cancerous. 
Can'cer-ous^.having the qualities of a cancer. 

Can'dent, a, (L. candeo) hot ; glowing 
with heat. 

Can'did, a. (L. candidus) fair ; open ; 

frank ; ingenuous ; sincere. 
Can'did-ly, ad. fairly ; openly ; frankly. 
Can'did-ness, n. frankness ; ingenuousness. 
Can'dour, n. openness ; frankness ; fairness. 
Can'di-date,H. one who competes for an office. 

Can'dle, n. (L. candela) a light made 

of wax or tallow. 
Can'dle-hold-er, n. one who holds a candle. 
Can'dle-llght, n. the light of a candle. 
Can'dle-mas, n. the feast of the purification 

of the Blessed Virgin, formerly celebrated 

with lights. 
Can'dle-stlck, n. an instrument for holding 

a candle. 
Can'dle-stuff, n. stuff for making candles. 
Can'dle-wast-er, n. one that wastes candles. 

Can'dy,v. (h.candeo 1) to conservewith 
sugar ; to grow congealed. — n. a conserve. 

Cane, n. (L. carina) a reed ; the sugar- 
plant ; a walking-stick. — v. to beat. 
Ca'ny, a. full of canes ; consisting of canes. 

Ca-nme', a. (L. canis) having the pro- 
perties of a dog ; pertaining to a dog. 
Can'i-cule, Ca-nlc'u-la, n. the dog-star. 
Ca-nlc'u-lar, a. belonging to the dog-star. 

Can'is-ter, n. (L. canistrum) a small 
box for tea ; a small basket. 

Cank'er, n. (L. cancer) 2b worm ; a 
disease in trees ; a corroding ulcer ; any 
thing that corrupts or consumes. — v. to 
corrupt ; to decay ; to infect. 

Cank'ered, a. crabbed ; morose. 

Cank'ered-ly, ad. crossly ; adversely. 

Cank'er-ous, a. corroding like a canker. 

Cank'er-blt, a. bitten by an envenomed tooth. 

Cank'er-worm, n. a worm that destroys plants 
and fruit. 

Can'ni-bal, n. (L. canis ?) a man-eater. 
Can'ni-bal-is.m, n. the eating of human flesh. 
Can'ni-bal-ly, ad. in the manner of a cannibal. 

Can'non, n. (L. canna) a great gun 
for battery. 

Can-non-ade', v. to batter with cannon. — 
n. an attack with cannon. 

Can-non-ier', n. one who manages cannon. — 
v. to fire upon with cannon. 

Can'non-ball, n. a ball for a cannon. 

Can'non-pr&of, a. proof against cannon. 

Can'non-shdt, n. balls for cannon ; the dis- 
tance a cannon will throw a ball. 

Can'not, (can, not) a word denoting 

Ca-noe', n. an Indian boat. 

Can'on, n. (L.) a rule ; a law ; the 
books of Holy Scripture; a dignitary in 

Can'on-ess, n.a woman possessed of a prebend. 

Ca-nOn'i-cal, a. according to canon ; regular 

Ca-non'i-cal-ly, ad. agreeably to canon. 

Ca-n6n / i-cal-ness, n. the being canonical. 

Ca-non'i-cal§, n. pi. the full dress of a cler- 

Ca-non'i-cate, n. the office of a canon. 

Can'on-ist, n. one versed in canon law. 

Can-on-Is'tic, a. belonging to a canonist. 

Can'on-Ize, v. to declare a man a saint. 

Can-on-i-za'tion ,n.the act of declaring a sain t. 

Can'on-ry, Can'on-ship, n. a benefice in a 
cathedral or collegiate church. 

Can'o-py, n. (Gr. konops) a covering 
over the head. — v. to cover with a canopy. 

Ca-no'rous, a. (L. cano) musical. 

Cant, n. (L. cantum) a whining, hypo- 
critical manner of speech ; corrupt dialect ; 
auction. — v. to speak with a whining, af- 
fected tone ; to sell or bid at an auction. 

Cant'er, n. a hypocrite. 

Cant'ing-ly, ad. in a canting manner. 

Can'ti-cle, n. a song ; Song of Solomon. 

Can'to, n. a book or section of a poem. 

Can-zo-nef, n. a little song. 

Can-teen', n. (Fr. cantine) a tin vessel 
used by soldiers to carry liquors. 

Can'ter, n. (Canterbury) an easy gal- 
lop. — v. to gallop easily or gently. 

Can-thar'i-des, n. pi. (L.) Spanish flies, 
used to raise blisters. 

Cant'let, n. (L. quantulum X) a piece ; 
a fragment. 

Can'ton, n. (Fr.) a division of a coun- 
try. — v. to divide into little parts. 

Can'ton-Ize, v. to divide into small districts. 

Can'ton-ment, n. a division or district occu- 
pied by soldiers when quartered. 

Can'vass, n. (L. cannabis) a coarse 

hempen cloth ; examination ; solicitation. 
—v. to sift ; to examine ; to solicit votes. 
Can'vass-er, n. one who canvasses. 

Cap, n. (S. cceppe) a covering for the 

head. — v. to cover the head. 
Cap'per, n. one who makes or sells caps. 
Cap-a-pie', a. (Fr.) from head to foot. 
Cap'case, n. a covered case; a chest. 
Cap'pa-per, n. a sort of coarse pap^r. 

Ca'pa-ble, a. (L. capio) able to hold or 
contain ; equal to ; qualified for. 

Ca-pa-bll'i-ty, n. the quality of being capable. 

Ca'pa-ble-ness, n. the state of being capable. 

Ca-pac'i-fy, v. to make capable. 

Ca-pa'9ious, a. wide ; large ; extensive. 

Ca-pa'cious-ness, n. the power of holding. 

Ca-pa^'i-tate, v. to make capable. 

Ca-pac'i-ty, n. room ; space ; power ; abili- 
ty ; state ; character. 

Ca-par'i-son, n. (Fr. caparacon) a co- 
vering for a horse. — v. to dress pompously. 

Cape, n. (L. caput) a headland ; the 
neck-piece of a coat or cloak. 

Ca'per, n. (L. caper) a leap ; a jump. 
— v. to dance ; to leap ; to skip. 

Ca'per-er, n. one who capers. 

Ca'pri-ole, n. (Fr.) a leap without advanc- 
ing ; a dance. 

Fate, fat, far, fall; me, m£t, there, her; pine, pin, field, fir; note, ndt, n5r, mdve, s6n; 




Ca'per, n. the bud of the caper-bush, 
used as a pickle. 

Cap'il-la-ry, a. (L. capilhis) like a hair; 

small ; minute. — n. a small tube. 
Ca-pll'la-ment, n. a line thread or fibre. 

Cap'i-tal, a. (L. caput) relating to the 
head; affecting the life; chief; principal. 
— n. the upper part of a pillar ; the chief 
city; the principal sum ; stock; a large letter. 

Cap'i-tal-ist, ft. one who has capital or stock. 

Cap'i-tal-ly, ad. in a capital manner. 

Cap-i-ta'tion, n. numeration by heads ; taxa- 
tion on each individual. 

Cap'i-tol, ft. the temple of Jupiter at Rome ; 
a temple ; a public edifice. 

Ca-plt'u-lar, w. a statute or member of an 
ecclesiastical chapter. 

Ca-plt'u-lar-ly, ad. in the form of an eccle- 
siastical chapter. 

Ca-plt'u-la-ry, a. relating to the chapter of 
a cathedral. 

Ca-plt'u-late, v. to surrender on conditions. 

Ca-plt-u-la'tion, w. the act of capitulating. 

Ca'pon, 72. (L. capo) a castrated cock. 

Ca-pouch', n. (Fr. capuce) a monk's 
hood ; the hood of a cloak. 

Ca-price', n. (Fr.) whim ; fancy. 
Ca-prl'cious, a. whimsical; fanciful. 
Ca-prt'pious-ly, ad. whimsically. 
Ca-prl'yious-ness, n. whimsicalness. 

Cap'ri-corn, n. (L. caper, cornu) one 
of the signs of the zodiac. 

Cap-ri-fi-ca'tion, n. (L. caper, ficus) a 
method of ripening figs. 

Cap-size', v. to upset ; to overturn. 

Cap'stan, n. (Fr. cabestan) a machine 
to draw up a great weight. 

Cap'sule, n. (L. capsu/a) the seed ves- 
sel of a plant. 
Cap'su-lar,Cap'su-1a-ry, a. hollow like a chest. 
Cap'su-late, Cap'su-la-ted, a. inclosed. 

Cap'tain, n. (Fr. capitaine) the com- 
mander of a ship, a troop of horse, or a 
company of foot ; a chief. 

Cap'tain-cy, ft. the office of a captain. 

Cap'tain-ry, n. chieftainship. 

Cap'tain-ship, n. the rank or post of a cap- 
tain ; skill in warfare. 

Caption, n. (L. captum) the act of 

taking by a judicial process. 
Cap-ta'tion, n. the act of catching favour. 
Cap'tious, a. catching at faults ; apt to cavil. 
Cap'tious-ly, ad. in a captious manner. 
Cap'tious-ness, n. inclination to find fault. 
Cap'ti-vate, v. to take prisoner ; to charm. 
Cap-ti-va'tion, n. the act of captivating. 
Cap'tive, ft. one taken in war ; one charmed. 

— a. made prisoner. 
Cap-tlv'i-ty, n. subjection; bondage; slavery. 
Cap'tor,n. one who takes a prisoner or a prize. 
Cap'ture, n. the act of taking; a prize.— 

v. to take as a prize. 

a cloak with a hood ; an order of friars ; a 
kind of pigeon. 

Car, n. (L. carrus) a small carriage of 

burden ; a chariot of war or triumph. 
Cabman, n. a driver of a car. 

Car'a-bine, Car'blne, n. (Fr. carabine) 

a short gun. 
Car-a-bin-eeV, n. a sort of light horseman. 

Car'ack, n. (Sp. caraca) a large ship. 

Car'at, Car'act, n. (Gr. Iteration) a 
weight of four grains ; a weight that ex- 
presses the fineness of gold. 

Car-a-van',?2.(Ar.)abody of travellers. 
Car-a-van'sa-ry, n. a house for travellers. 

CaVa-vel, Car r vel, n. (Sp. caravela) a 
sort of ship. 

Car'bon, n. (L. carbo) pure charcoal. 
Car-bo-na'ceous, a. containing carbon. 
Car-bon'ic, a. pertaining to carbon. 
Car-bo-na'do, n. meat cut across to be broi!» 

ed on the coals.— v. to cut for broiling un 

the coals. 
Cai^bun-cle, ft. a red gem ; a pimple. 
Car'bun-cled, a. set with carbuncles. 

Car'ca-net, n. (Fr. carcan) a chain or 
collar of jewels. 

Car'cass, n. (Fr. carcasse) a dead body. 

Car'ce-ral, a. (L. career) belonging to 

Card, n. (L. charta) a painted paper 
used for games ; a paper containing ax 
pddress ; a note. 

Card'er, ft. one who plays at cards. 

Card'ing, n. the act of playing at cards. 

Card'miik-er, n. a maker of cards. 

Card'ta-ble, n. a table for playing cards. 

Card'match, n. a piece of card dipped in 
melted sulphur. 

Card, v. (L. caro) to comb wool ; to 
mingle ; to disentangle.— n. an instrument 
for combing wool. 

Card'er, n. one who cards wool. 

Car'di-ac, Car-diVcal, a. (Gr. kard'ni) 

pertaining to the heart. 
Car'di-al-gy, ft. the heart-burn. 

Car'di-nal, a. (L. cardo) principal ; 
chief. — n. a dignitary in the Romish church, 
next in rank to the pope : a woman's cloak. 

CarMi-nal-ate, Car'di-nal-ship, n. the office 
of a cardinal. 

Care, n. (S. car) anxiety ; caution ; 
charge.— v. to be anxious; "to have a re- 
gard to ; to be inclined. 

Care'ful, a. anxious ; provident; watchful. 

Care'ful-ly, ad. needfully ; providently. 

Care'ful-ness, n. needfulness; anxiety". 

Care'less, a. having no care ; heedless. 

Care'less-ly, ad. without care ; negligently. 

Care'less-ness, ft. heedlessness ; negligence. 

Care'crazed, a. broken with care. 

Care'iuned, a. mournful. 

Ca-reen', v. (L. carina) to lay a vessel 
on one side, in order tu repair the other. 

Ca-reer', n. (Fr. carriere) a course; a 
race; speed. — a. to move rapidly. 

tube, tub, full ; cry, crypt, myrrh ; tflll, bCy > our, n6w, new ; cede, gem, raise, exist, thin. 





Car en-tane, n. (Fr. quarantaine) a 
papal indulgence, multiplying the remis- 
sion of penance by forties. 

Ca-ress', v. (L. cams) to fondle ; to 
embrace with affection. — n. an act of en- 

Ca'ret, n. (L.) a mark (a) which shows 
where something interlined should be read. 

Car'go, n. (L. carrus ?) the lading of a 

Car-i-ca-ture', n. (It. caricatura) a lu- 
dicrous painting or description. — v. to ridi- 
cule ; to represent ludicrously. 

Car-i-ca-tu'rist, n. one who caricatures. 

Ca'ri-es, n. (L.) rottenness of a bone. 
Ca'ri-ous, a. rotten. 
Ca-ri-6s'i-ty, n. rottenness. 

Car-mm'a-tive, a. (L. carmen) expel- 
ling wind. — n. a medicine that expels wind. 

Cark, v. (S. care) to be anxious. 
Cark'ing, n. anxiety; care. 

Carle, n. (S. ceorl), a strong rude man. 

Car'mine,n. (Fr. carmin) a bright red 
or crimson colour. 

Car'nal, a. XL. caro) fleshly; lustful. 
Car'nal-ist, n. one given to carnality. 
Car-nal'i-ty, n. fleshly lust ; sensuality. 
Car'nal-Ize, v. to debase to carnality. 
Car'nal-ly, ad. according to the flesh. 
Car'nage, n. slaughter ; havock. 
Car-na ? tion, n. a flesh colour ; a flower. 
£ar'ne-ous, Car'nous, a. fleshy. 
Oar'ni-fy, v. to breed or form flesh. 
Car-nlv'o-rous, a. flesh-eating. 
Car-nds'i-ty, n. fleshy excrescence. 
Car'nal-mind-ed, a. worldly-minded. 
Car'nal-mlnd-ed-ness, n. grossness of mind. 
Car-neTian, n. a precious stone. 
Car'ni-val, n. a popish feast before Lent. 

Ca-roghe', n. (It. carrozza) a sort of 

Car'ol, n. (It. carola) a song of joy 

and exultation. — v. to sing ; to warble.' 
Car'ol-ing, n. a song of devotion ; a hymn. 

Ca-rot'id, a. (Gr. karos) a term applied 
to the two arteries which convey the blood 
from the aorta to the brain. 

Ca-rouse', v. (Fr. carrousse) to drink 
largely ; to revel.— n. a drinking match. 

Ca-rou'§al, n. a festival ; a revelling. 

Ca-rou'jer, n. a drinker ; a toper. 

Carp, n. (Fr. carpe) a pond fish. 

Carp, v. (>o)tofind fault ; to cavil. 
Carp'er, n. a caviller ; a censorious man. 
Carp'ing, a. captious ; censorious. — n. cavil ; 

censure ; abuse. 
Carp'ing-ly, ad. captiously ; censoriously. 

Carpen-ter,n. (Jj.carpentum) a work- 
er in wood ; a builder of houses or ships. 
Car'pen-try, n. the trade of a carpenter. 

Car'pet, n. (Cairo, It. tapeto ?) a cov- 
ering for the floor.— v. to spread with 

Car n-on, n. (L. caro) dead putrefying 
flesh. — a. relating to carcasses ; feeding on 

Car-ron-ade;n.(C«rron)a short cannon. 

Car'rot^XFr. carotte) an esculent root. 
Car'rot-y, a. like a carrot in colour. 

Car'ry, v. (L. carrus) to bear ; to con- 
vey ; to transport ; to effect ; to behave. 

Carriage, car'rij, n. the act of carrying ; a 
vehicle; behaviour; manners. 

Car'ri-er, n. one that carries. 

Cart,n. a carriage with two wheels for luggage. 
—v. to carry or place in a cart. 

Cart'age, n. act of carting, or charge for it. 

Cart'er, n. one who drives a cart. 

Carfer-ly, a. like a carter ; rude. 

Cart'ful, n. as much as fills a cart. 

Carfhorse, n. a horse that draws a cart. 

Carfload, n. as much as loads a cart. 

Carfrope, n. a strong cord. 

Cart'rut, n. the track of a wheel. 

Cart' way, n. a way for a carriage. 

Cart'wrlght, n. a maker of carts. 

Car'tel, n. (L. charta) an agreement 
for the exchange of prisoners ; a ship com- 
missioned to exchange prisoners. 

Car-toon', n. a drawing on large paper. 

Car-touch', n. a case for powder and ball. 

Car'tridge, n. a paper case containing the 
charge of a gun. 

Car'tu-la-ry, n. a register ; a record. 

Car-te'sian, a. relating to the philoso- 
phy of Des Cartes.— n. a follower of Des 

Car'ti-lage, n. (L. cartilago) gristle. 
Car-ti-lag'i-nous, a. consisting of gristle. 

Car'un-cle, n. (L. caro) a small pro- 
tuberance of flesh. 
Ca-run'cu-la-ted, a. having a protuberance. 

Carve, v. (S. ceorfan) to cut into ele- 
gant forms ; to cut meat at table ; to hew. 
Carv'er, n. one who carves ; a sculptor. 
Carv'ing, n. the act of carving ; sculpture. 

Cas-cade', n. (L. casum) a waterfall. 

Case, n. (Fr. caisse) > a covering ; a box; 

a sheath. — v. to put in a case ; to cover. 
Cas'ing, n. the covering of any thing. 
Case'har-den, v. to harden on the outside. 
Case'knlfe, n. a long kitchen knife. 
Case'shOt, n. bullets inclosed in a case. 
Case'worm,n. a worm that makes itself a case. 

Case, n. (L. casum) condition ; state ; 

contingence ; question ; a cause or suit in 

court ; an inflection of nouns. 
Cas/u-al, a. accidental ; not certain. 
Cas/u-al-ly, ad. accidentally ; without design. 
Cas/u-al-ty, n. accident ; chance. 

Case'mate, n. (It. casamatta) a kind of 
vault or covered arch-work. 

Case'ment, n. (It. casamento) a win- 
dow that opens on hinges. 

Ca'se-ous, a. (L. caseus) resembling 
cheese; cheesy. 

Ca'sern, n. (Fr. caserne) a lodging for 

Fate, fat, far. fall ; me, met, there, her; pine, pin, field, fir; note, n6t, nor, move, son; 




soldiers between the houses of a town and 
the ramparts. 

Cash, n. (Fr. caisse) money ; ready 
money.— v. to turn into money ; to pay 
money for. 

Ca-shier' , n. one who has the charge of money. 

Cashteep-er, n. one intrusted with money. 

Ca-shier/, v. (Fr. caisse) to dismiss 

from a post ; to discard. 
Cask, n. (Fr. caque) a barrel. 
Cask'et, n. a small box for jewels. 

Cask, Casque, n. (Fr.) a helmet. 
Cas'si-a, n. (L.) a sweet spice ; a trQQ. 

Cas'sock,n. (Fr. casaque) a loose coat; 

a vestment worn by clergymen. 
Cas'so-wa-ry, n. a large bird. 

Cast, v. (Dan. kaster) to throw ; to fling; 
to scatter ; to condemn ; to compute ; to 
contrive ; to found ; to warp : p. L and 
p. p. cast. 

Cast, n. a throw ; a mould ; a shade ; air or 
mien ; a small statue. 

Cast'er, n. one who casts ; a small box or 
phial for the table ; a kind of small wheel. 

Cast'ing, n. the act of throwing or founding. 

Cast'ling, n. an abortion. 

Cast'a-way, n. an abandoned person ; a re- 
probate. — a. rejected ; useless. 

Cast'ing-nfit, n. a net to be thrown. 

Cast'ing- vote, n. the vote which casts the ba- 
lance when opinions are equally divided. 

Cast,Caste,n.(Sp. casta) a race; a tribe. 

Cas'ta-net, n. (Sp. castaneta) a small 
shell of ivory or wood, which dancers use 
to keep time Avith when they dance. 

Cas'ti-gate, v. (L. casti(jo) to chastise. 

Cas-ti-ga'tion, n. chastisement; correction. 

Cas'ti-ga-tor, n. one who corrects. 

Cas'ti-ga-to-ry, a. tending to correct. 

Cas'tle, cas'sl, n. (S. castel) a fortified 
house ; a fortress. 

Cas'tel-lan, n. the governor of a castle. 

Cas'tel-la-ny, n. the lordship of a castle. 

Cas'tel-la-ted, a. adorned with battlements. 

Cas'tled, cas'sled, a. having castles. 

Cas'tle-ry, Cas'tel-ry, n. the government of 
a castle. 

Cast'let, ;t. a small castle. 

Cas'tle-bulld-er, n. one who forms visionary 

Cas'tle-bulld-ing. n. the act of building cas- 
tles in the air. 

Cas'tor, n. (L.) a beaver. 

Cas-tra-me-ta / tion,?i.(L.cfls/rtf, metor) 
the art or practice of encamping. 

Cas'trate, v. (L. castro) to geld. 
Cas-tra'tion, n. the act of gelding. 

Cas'trel, n. a kind of hawk. 

Cas'u-al. See under Case. 

Cas'u-ist, n. (L. casus) one who studies 
and settles cases of conscience. 

Cas-u-Is'ti-cal, a. relating to cases of con- 

Cas'u-is-try, n. the science of a casuist. 

Cat, n. (S.) a domestic animal. 
Cat-o'-nlne'tails, n. a whip with nine lashes. 
Cat's'paw, n. the dupe of an artful person. 
Cat'a-moun-tain, n. a wild cat. 
Cat'cal, Cat'plpe, n. a squeaking instrument. 
Cat'er-waul, v. to make a noise like cats. 
Cat'gut, n. a string for musical instruments ; 

a kind of linen or canvass. 
Cat'kin, n. a sort of flower. 

Cat-a-bap'tist, n. (Gr. kata, bapto) one 
opposed to baptism. 

Cat-a-chre'sis, n. (Gr. kata, chresis) 

the abuse of a trope. 
Cat-a-chreVti-cal, a. forced ; far-fetched. 
Cat-a-chres'ti-cal-ly, ad. in a forced manner. 

Cat / a-cly\sm, n. (Gr. kata, kluzo) a 
deluge ; an inundation. 

Cat'a-comb, n. (Gr. kata, kumbos) a 
cave for the burial of the dead. 

Cat'a-diipe, n. (Gr. kata, doupos) a 
waterfall ; one who lives near a waterfall. 

Cat'a-lep-sy, n. (Gr. kata, lepsis) a 
kind of apoplexy. 

Cat'a-logue, n. (Gr. kata, logos) a list. 
— v. to make a list of. 

Ca-tal'y-sis, n. (Gr. kata, hisis) disso- 

Cat'a-phract, n. (Gr. kata, phraktos) 
a horseman in complete armour. 

Cat'a-plasm, n. (Gr. kata, plus so) a 
poultice ;' a soft plaster. 

Cat'a-pult, n. (Gr. kata, pelte) a mili- 
tary engine for throwing stones. 

Cat'a-ract, n. (Gr. kata, raktos) a wa- 
terfall ; a disorder in the eye. 

Ca-tarrh', ca-tar', n. (Gr. kata, rheo) 
a disease in the head and throat. 

Ca-tarrlv'al, Ca-tarrh'ous, a. relating to a 

Ca-tas'tro-phe, n. (Gr. kata, strophe) 
a final event ; a calamity. 

Catch, i\ {Gr.kala,echo I) to lay hold on ; 

to'seize : p. t. and p. p. caught or catched. 
Catch, n. seizure ; an advantage ; a snatch ; 

any thing that catches ; a kind of song. 
Catch'a-ble, a. liable to be caught. 
Catch'er, n. one who catches. 
Catch'pen-ny, n. a worthless publication. 
Catch'pOll, h. a sergeant; a bumbailiff. 
Cat^h'word, n. a word under the last line of 

a page repeated at the top of the next. 

Catch'up, Cat'sup, n. a liquor made 
from boiled mushrooms. 

Cat'e-chise, v. (Gr. kata, echeo) to in- 
struct by questions and answers ; to ques- 
tion ; to interrogate. 

Cat'e-chi^-er, n. one who catechises. 

Cat'e-chis-ing, ^.interrogation; examination. 

Cat'e-chism, n. a book of questions and an- 
swers. * 

Cat'e-chist, n. one who instructs by questions. 

Cat-e-chls'ti-cal, a. instructing by questions. 

Cat-e-chls'ti-cal-ly, ad. by question and an- 

tube, tub, full; cry, crypt, myrrh; toil, boy, 6nr, now, new; cede, gem, raise, exist, thin. 




Cat-e-chet'ic, Cat-e-cheTi-cal, a. consisting 
of question and answer. 

Cat-e-chet'i-cal-ly, ad. by question and an- 

Cat-e-chQ'men, ft. one who is yet in the ru- 
diments of Christianity ; a pupil little ad- 

Cat'e-go-ry, n. (Gr. kata, agora) a 

series of ideas ; a class ; a predicament. 
Cat-e-g6r'i-cal, a. absolute ; positive. 
Cat-e-gdrl-cal-ly, ad. directly ; expressly. 

Cat-e-na'ri-an, a. (L. catena) relating 

to a chain. 
Cat-e-na'tion, w. regular connexion. 

Ca'ter, v. (Fr. acheter ?) to provide food. 
Ca'ter-er, n. a provider ; a purveyor. 
Ca'ter-ess, n. a woman who provides food. 
Cates, n. pi. food ; viands ; dainties. 

Cat'er-pH-lar, n. an insect ; a grub. 

Cath'a-rist, n. (Gr. katharos) one who 

pretends to great purity. 
Ca-thar'tic, Ca-thar'ti-cal, a. purgative. 
Ca-thar'tic, n. a purging medicine. 

Ca-tne'dral, n. (Gr. kata, hedra) the 
head church of a diocese. — a. pertaining to 
the see of a bishop. 

Cath'e-dra-ted, a. relating to the chair or 
office of a teacher. 

Cath'o-lic, a. (Gr. kata, holos) univer- 
sal ; general ; liberal. — n. a papist. 

Ca-thOl'i-cal, a. universal ; general. 

Ca-thOl'i-fism, n. adherence to the catholic 
church ; universality ; liberality. 

Cath'o-lic-ly, ad. generally. 

Cath'o-lic-ness, n. universality. 

Ca-thol'i-con, n. a universal medicine. 

Cat-op'trics, n. (Gr. kata, optomai) 
that part of optics which treats uf vision 
by reflection. 

Cat-Sp'tri-cal, a. relating to catoptrics. 

Cat'tle, n. (L. capitalia \) beasts of pas- 

Caudate, a. having a tail. 

Cau'dle, n. (L. calidus) a warm drink 
mixed with wine, &c. — v. to mix caudle. 

Caul, n. (L. caula) a membrane 
covering the intestines ; a kind of net. 

Cauli-flow-er, n. (S. cawl and Jiower) 
a species of cabbage, 

Cau'po-nise, v. (L. caupo) to sell wine 
or victuals. 

Cause, n. (L. causa) that which pro- 
duces an effect ; a reason ; a motive ; a suit ; 
a side ; a party.— v. to effect as an agent. 

Caus/a-ble, a. that may be caused. 

Caus/al, a. relating to a cause. 

Cau-sal'i-ty, n. the agency of a cause. 

Caus/al-ly ,ad.according to the order of causes. 

Cau-sa'tion, n. the act of causing. 

Cau'sa-tive, a. that expresses a cause. 

Cau'sa-tive-ly, ad. in a causative manner. 

Cau-§a'tor, n. one who causes. 

Causeless, a. having no cause. 

Cau^e'less-ly, ad. without cause. 

Causelcss-ness, n. state of being causeless. 
Caus'er, n. one who causes. 

Cau'sey, Cause'way, n. (Fr. chaussee) 
a way raised and paved. 

Cau'ter-y, n. (Gr. kaio) a burning by 

a hot iron; a searing. 
Cau'ter-Ize, v. to burn ; to sear. 
Cau'ter-ism, n. the application of cautery. 
Cau-ter-i-za'tion, n. the act of cauterizing. 
Caus'tic, Caus'ti-cal, a. burning ; corroding. 
Caus'tic, ft. a corroding application. 

Cau'tion, n. (L. cautum) prudence ; 

care ; security ; warning. — v. to warn. 
Cau'tion-a-ry, a. given as a pledge ; warning. 
Cau'tious, a. wary ; watchful. 
Cau'tious-ly, ad. warily ; prudently. 
Cau'tious-ness, n. carefulness ; watchfulness. 
Cau'tel-ous, a. cautious ; cunning. 
Cau'tel-ous-ly, ad. cautiously ; cunningly. 

CaVal-ry, n. (L. caballus) horse troops. 
Cav-al-cade', n. a procession on horseback. 
Cav-a-lieV, n. a horseman ; a knight ; a gay 
military man. — a. gay ; brave ; haughty. 
Cav-a-lierly, ad. haughtily ; disdainfully. 

Cave, n. (L. cavus) a hole underground ; 

a cell ; a den. — v. to dwell in a cave ; to 

make hollow. 
Cav'ern, n. a hollow place in the ground. 
Cav'erned, a. full of caverns ; hollow ; living 

in a cavern. 
Cav'er-nous, a. full of caverns. 
Cav'i-ty, ft. hollowness ; a hollow place. 

Ca've-at, n. (L.) intimation of caution. 

Ca-viare', ca-ver', n. the roe of the stur- 
geon, and other large fish, salted. 

Cav'il, v. (L. cavillor) to raise captious 
objections. — n. afalse or frivolous objection. 

Cav-il-la'tion, ft. the practice of objecting. 

Cav'il-ler, ft. a captious disputant. 

Cav'il-ling, n. frivolous disputation. 

Cav'il-lous, a. full of vexatious objections. 

Cav'il-lous-ly, ad. in a cavillous manner. 

Caw, v. to cry as a rook. 
Ca-zique', n. an American chief. 

Qease, v. (L. cessum) to leave off; to 

stop ; to fail ; to be at an end. 
Q ease'less, a. without stop ; continual, 
(^ease'less-ly, ad. perpetually ; continually. 
Ces-sa'tion, ft. a stop ; a rest ; a pause. 
Qec'i-ty, n. (L. caucus) blindness, 
(^e-cu'tien-cy, ft. dimness of sight. 
Ce'dar, n. (L. cedrus) a large tree. 
(Je'darn, Ce'drine, a. belonging to the cedar. 
Ce'dry, a. of the colour of cedar. 
Cede, v. (L. cedo) to yield; to give up. 
(Jes'sion, n. act of yielding; retreat. 
^eYsi-ble, a. yielding ; easy to give way. 
£6s-si-bll'i-ty, n. quality of giving way. 

Qeil, v. (L. caelum) to overlay the inner 

roof of a building or room. 
QeiY'mg, ft. the inner roof. 

CeTa-ture, n. (L. cash) the art of en- 
* graving ; the thing engraved. 

Fate, fat, far, fall ; me, met, there, her ; pine, pin, field, fir ; note, not, nor, move, son j 




9el e-brate, v. (L. celebro) to praise ; 

to extol ; to honour ; to make famous ; to 

distinguish by solemn rites. 
(^Cl-e-bra'tion, n. the act of celebrating; 

praise; renown. 
(^eTe-bra-tor, n. one who celebrates. 
(^e-leVri-ty, n. fame ; renown ; distinction. 

Ce-ler'i-ty, n. (L. celer) swiftness. 

CeTer-y, n. a species of parsley. 

Qe-lest'ial, a . (L. caelum) heavenly. 

Ce'li-ac, a. (Gr. koilia) pertaining to 

the lower belly. 
QeTi-ba-cy, n. (L. ccelebs) single life ; 

unmarried state. 
(?eTi-bate, n. single life. 

Cell, n. (L. cello) a small, close apart- 
" ment ; a cavity ; a cave. 
C^eTlar, n. a place under ground for stores, 
(^liar-age, n. cellars ; space for cellars, 
(^eriar-ef, n. one who has charge of a cellar. 
(^eTlu-lar, a. consisting of little cells. 

£eTsi-tude, n% (L. celsus) height. 

£em'ent,n. (L.ccementum) a substance 

which makes bodies unite ; mortar, 
^"e-iuenf, v. to unite ; to cohere, 
(^eni-en-ta'tion, n. the act of cementing. 
(Je-ment'er, n. one that cements. 

fem'e-ter-y, n. (Gr. koimeteriori) a 

place where the dead are buried. 
Qem-i-te'ri-al, a. relating to a cemetery. 

Qe-na'tion, n. (L. ccena) the act of 

supping ; a meeting for supper. 
<^en'a-to-ry, a. relating to supper. 

Cen'o-by, n. (Gr. koinos, bios) a place 

' where persons live in community, 
(^en'o-blte, n. one who lives in community. 
^Sn-o-blt'i-cal, a. living in community. 

Cen'o-taph, n. (Gr. kerios, taphos) a 
monument for one buried elsewhere. 

Cense, v. (L. candeo) to perfume. 
(Jen'ser, n. a vessel for burning perfumes. 

Cen'sor, n. (L.) an officer at Rome, 
whose business it was to register persons 
and property, and to correct manners ; 
one who finds fault ; a scrutinizes 

Ten-sCri-al, a. full of censure; severe. 

(^en-so'ri-an, a. relating to a censor. 

Qen-so'ri-ous, a. addicted to censure ; severe. 

Qen-sO'ri-ous-ly, ad. in a censorious manner. 

^en-s6'ri-ous-ness, n. disposition to find fault. 

(^en'sor-ship, n. the office of a censor. 

(^en'sure, n. blame ; judgment ; judicial sen- 
tence. — v. to blame ; to condemn. 

Cen'su-ra-ble,a.deserving censure ; blamable. 

Cen'su-ra-ble-ness, n. fitness to be censured. 

Qen'su-rer, n. one who censures. 

(^en'su-ring, n. blame ; reproach. 

<Jense, n. a public rate ; a tax ; rank. 

Cen'sus, n. an official enumeration of the 
inhabitants of a country. 

£en'8u-al, a. relating to the census. 

£ent, n. (L. centum) a hundred ; an 

American copper coin, 
(^ent'age, n. rate by the cent or hundred. 
<^6n'te-na-ry, n. the number of a hundred, 
(^en-ten'ni-al, a. consisting of a hundred yea >-s. 
(^en-tes'i-mal, a. the hundredth. 
(JJen-tll'o-quy, n. a hundred-fold discourse, 
(^en'ti-pede, n. a poisonous insect, 
(^en'tu-ple, a. a hundred fold. — v. to multiply 

a hundred fold, 
(^en-tu'pli-cate, v. to make a hundred fold, 
(^en-tu'ri-a-tor, (^en'tu-rist, n. a historian 

who distinguishes time by centuries. 
£en-tu'rion, n. a Roman military officer, 

who commanded a hundred men. 
(^eVtu-ry, n. a period of a hundred years. 

(pen'taur, n. (Gr. kenteo, tauros) a 
fabulous being, half man half horse. 

Cen'to, n. (L.) a composition formed 
of passages from various authors. 

Cen'tre, n. (Gr. kentron) the middle 
y point. — v. to place on a centre ; to collect 

in a point. 
£en'tral, a. relating to the centre. 
Cen-trall-ty, n. the state of being central, 
(^n'tral-ly, ad. with regard to the centre, 
(^en'tric, (^en'tri-cal, a. placed in the centre. 
C^Cn'tri-cal-ly, ad. in a centrical situation, 
(^en-trlf u-gal, a. flying from the centre, 
(^en-trlp'e-tal, a. tending to the centre. 

Ce-phal'ic, a. (Gr. kephale) pertaining 
1 to the head. 

Ce-ras'tCs, n. (Gr.) a serpent having 
* horns. 

£ere, Vm (L. cera) to cover with wax.— 
n. the naked skin on a hawk's bill. 

(^e'rate, n. an ointment of wax, oil, &c. 

(j'ere'ment, Cere'cloth, n. cloth dipped in 
wax or glutinous matter. 

(^G're-ous, a. waxen ; like wax. 

(^e-rQ'men, n. the wax of the ear. 

(per-e-iili-ous, a. (L. ceres) pertaining 
to corn. 

Cer'e-brum, n. (L.) the brain. 
QeVe-bral, a. pertaining to the brain. 
£eVe-bel, n. part of the brain. 

£eVe-mo-ny, n. (L. cceremonia) out- 
ward form in religion, state, or civility. 

Qer-e-mo'ni-al, a. relating to ceremony. — 
n. outward form or rite. 

Qgr-e-nio'ni-al-ly, ad. according to ceremony. 

(^gr-e-nio'ni-ous, a. full of ceremony ; formal. 

(^er-e-mo'ni-ous-ly, ad. formally. 

Cer'rus, n. (L.) the bitter oak. 
Qer'ri-al, a. relating to the cerrus. 

Certain, a. (L. certus) sure; resolved; 
" undoubting ; unfailing ; regular ; some. 
QeVtain-ly, *d. without doubt ; without fail 
(^eVtain-ty, n. exemption from doubt or fail- 
ure ; that which is real ; truth ; fact. 
Cjer'tes, ad. certainly ; in truth, 
^er'ti-fy, v. to give certain information of. 
^er-tif'i-cate, n. a testimony in writing. 

tube, tub, full ; cry, crypt, myrrh ; t6Il, b6y, Our, nOw, new ; cede, gem, raise, exist, thin. 




<2er-ti-fi-ca'tion, n. the act of certifying. 
^Jer'ti-tude, n. freedom from doubt. 

Qe-ru'le-an, Qe-rule-ous, a. (L. cceru- 

leus) blue ; sky-coloured, 
(^er-u-llf ic, a. producing a blue colour. 

Ce'ruse, n. (L. cerussa) white lead, 
(^e'rused, a. washed with white lead. 

Cer'vi-cal, a. (L. cervix) belonging to 
the neck. 

Ce-sa're-an, a. (L. Ccesar) the Cesarean 
operation is the act of cutting the child out 
of the womb. 

Ces-pi-ti'tious, a. (L. cespes) made of 

Qess, n. (assess ?) a rate. — v- to rate. 

(^gss'or, n. a taxer ; an assessor. 

Ces-sa'tion. See under Cease. 

Qes'sion. See under Cede. 

£es'tus, n. (L.) the girdle of Venus. 

Ce'sure. See Csesura. 

£e-ta'ceous,a.(L.cefe)ofthe whale kind. 

Chafe, v. (Fr. chauffer) to warm by 

* rubbing ; to fret ; to make angry.— n. a 
fret ; a rage. 

^haf'ing-dlsh, n. a portable grate for coals. 

Chafer, n. (S. ceafor) a sort of beetle. 
Chaff, n. (S. ceaf) the husks of grain, 
(^haffless, a. without chaff, 
(jtoaffy, a. full of chaff; like chaff, 
^•haf'finfft, n. a bird said to like chaff. 

Chaffer, v. (S. ceaman ?) to treat about 
' a bargain ; to haggle ; to buy ; to exchange, 
(^haf'fer-y, n. traffic ; buying and selling. 

Cha-grin', sha-grin', n. (Fr. -chagrin) 
ill humour ; vexation. — v. to vex ; to tease. 

Chain, n. (L. catena) a series of con- 

* nected links or rings ; a bond ; a fetter. — 
v. to fasten or bind with a chain ; to en- 
slave ; to unite. 

(^hain'pump, n. a pump used in large ships. 
()hain'shot, n. bullets fastened by a chain, 
(^hain'work, n. work with links like a chain. 

Chair, n. (Fr. chair e) a moveable seat ; 

* a seat of justice or authority ; a sedan, 
(^hair'man, n. the president of an assembly ; 

one who carries a sedan. 

Chaise, shaz, n. (Fr.) a light carriage. 

Chal'ce-do-ny, n. (Chalcedori) a pre- 
cious stone. 

Chal-cog'ra-phy, n. (Gr. chalkos, gra- 
pho) the art of engraving on brass. 

Chal'dee, a. relating to Chaldea, 

ChaTdron, cha'dron, n. (Fr. chaudron) 

* a coal measure of thirty-six bushels. 

Chal'ige, n. (L. calioc) a cup ; a bowl, 
(^hal'iced, a. having a cup or cell. 

Chalk, chak, n. (S. cealc) a white cal- 
careous earth. — v. to rub or mark with chalk. 

Qhalk'y, a. consisting of chalk ; like chalk. 

Ckalk'cut-ter, n. a man who digs chalk. 

(^halk'plt, n. a pit in which chalk is dug. 

(Jhalk'stone, n. a small piece of chalk. 

Challenge, v. (L.calumnior?) to call to 
a contest; to accuse; to object; to claim. — 
n. a summons to a contest ; a demand. 

^hal'lenge-a-ble, a. that may be challengea. 

Qhal'len-ger, n. one who challenges. 

Cha-lyb'e-an, a. (Gr. chalups) relating 
to iron or steel well wrought or tempered. 
Cha-lyb'e-ate, a. impregnated with iron. 

Cham, n. (P.) the sovereign of Tartary. 

Cha-made', sha-mad', n. (Fr. 1 ) the beat 
of the drum for a parley or a surrender. 

Cham'ber, n. (L. camera) an apart- 

1 ment ; a room ; a cavity ; a court. — v. to 
shut up as in a chamber ; to be wanton. 

Qham'ber-er, n. a man of intrigue. 

(^ham'ber-ing, n. intrigue ; wantonness. 

(^ham'ber-lain, n. an overseer of the cham- 
bers ; an officer of state. 

Qham'ber-lain-ship, n. the office of cham- 

Qhani'ber-c6tin-cil,n.privateor secret council. 

Qham'ber-coun-sel, n. a counsellor who gives 
his opinion in private. 

Qham'ber-fel-low, n. one who sleeps in the 
same apartment. 

(^ham'ber-maid, n. a servant who has the 
care of bedrooms. 

Qham'ber-prac-tice, n. the business of coun* 
sellors who give their advice privately. 

Cha-me'le-on, n. (Gr. chamai, leon) an 
animal of the lizard kind. 

Cham'fer, v. (Fr. echancrer) to chan- 
* nel ; to flute as a column ; to wrinkle. 
Qham'fer, (^ham'fret, n. a furrow ; a channeL 

Cha'mois, sha'moi, n. (Fr.) a kind of 
goat, whose skin is made into soft leather, 
called shammy, 

Cham'o-mlle. See Camomile. 

Champ, v. (Gr. kapto ?) to bite with 
1 much action ; to bite frequently ; to chew ; 

to devour, 
(^hamp'er., n. a biter ; a nibbler. 

Cham-pagne', sham-pan', n. a kind of 
wine from Champagne in France. 

Cham'paign, cham'pan, n. (L. campus) 
a flat open country.— a. open ; fiat. 

£ham'per-ty,ra.(L. campus,pars) main- 
tenance of a man in his suit, on condition 
of having part of the thing, if recovered. 

Qham'per-tor, n. one guilty of champerty. 

Cham-pi °p'on, sham-pm'yon, n. (Fr.) 
a kind of mushroom. 

Qham'pi-on, n. (L. campus) one who 
fights in single combat ; a warrior ; a hero. 
— v. to challenge. 

(^ham'pi-on-ess, n. a female warrior. 

Change, n> (L. cado) casual event; ac- 
> cident ; fortune. — a. happening by chance. 
— v. to happen. 

Fate, fat, far, fall; me, met. there, her; pine, pin, field, fir; note, n6t, nor, m6ve, s6nj 




Qhanjea-ble, a. accidental ; fortuitous, 
(^hance-med'ley, n. the killing of a person 
by chance. 

Qhan'cel, n. (L. cancelli) the eastern 
part of a church, where the altar stands. 

Channel -lor, n. (L. cancelli) a judge or 

* other officer who presides over a court. 
Chan^el-lor-ship, n. the office of chancellor, 
(^han'cer-y, n. the high court of equity. 

Chan'cre, shank'er, n. (Fr.) a vene- 
real ulcer, 
(^hanc'rous, a. ulcerous. 

Chandler, n. (L. candeo) one who 
makes and sells candles ; a dealer. 

Chan-de-lier / , shan-de-ker', n. a branch for 

(^hand'ler-ly, a. like a chandler. 

(Jhand'ler-y, n. the articles sold by a chandler. 

(^hand'ry, n. a place where candle3 are kept. 

£han|e, v. (Fr. changer) to put one 
thing in place of another; to alter; to make 
different. — n. alteration ; novelty ; small 

(^han^e'a-ble, a. subject to change ; fickle. 

(Jhan°re'a-ble-ness, n. inconstancy; fickleness. 

(Jhax^e'ful, a. full of change ; inconstant. 

yhange'less, a. without change ; constant. 

(^'hange'ling, n. a child left or taken in place 
of another ; an idiot; one apt to change. 

(^han'^er, who alters; a money-changer. 

£han'nel, n. (L. canalis) the hollow bed 
of running waters ; a long cavity ; a strait ; 
a furrow. — v. to cut in channels. 

£hant, v. (L. cano) to sing ; to sing 

* the church-service. — A. a song ; a part of 
the church-service. 

(J'hant er, n. one who chants ; a singer. 
(Jhant'ress, n. a female singer, 
(^hant'ry, n.a chapel for priests to sing mass in. 
(jhant'i-cleer, n. a cock; a loud crower. 

Cha'os, n. (Gr.) a confused mass ; con- 
Cha-dt'ic, a. resembling chaos ; confused. 

£hap, 9hop, v. (S. ge-yppanl) to 
cleave ; to split ; to crack.— n. a cleft ; a 
chink ; a gap. 

Qhap, chop, n. (S. ceajl ?) the upper or 

under parts of a beast's mouth, 
(^hap'less, a. without tiesh about the mouth, 
^hap'f alien, a. having the mouth shrunk. 
Chape, n. (Fr.) a catch; a hook ; a tip. 
Chape'less, a. wanting a chape. 

Qhap'el, n. (L. capella) a place of wor- 
ship.— v. to deposit in a chapel ; to enshrine. 

(^hap'el-ry, n. the jurisdiction of a chapel. 

(^hap'lain, n. one who perforins divine ser- 
vice in the army or navy, or in a family. 

Qhap'lain-yy, Qhap'lain-ship, n. the office or 
business of a chaplain. 

(j'hap'let, n. a small chapel or shrine. 

Chap'e-ron,shap'e-rong,?i. (Fr.) a kind 
of hood or cap. — v. to attend on a lady in 

Chapi-ter, n. (L. caput) the upper 

' part or capital of a pillar. 
Qhap'trel, n. a capital which supports a pillar, 
^hap'let, n. a garland or wreath for the 

head ; a string of beads ; a moulding, 
(^hap'ter, n. a division of a book ; an assembly 

of the clergy of a cathedral ; a decretal 

epistle. — v. to tax ; to correct. 
Chap'man, n. (S. ceap, man) a dealer. 
Char, n. a kind of fish. 

Char, v. (S. cerran 1) to burn to a cinder, 
(^har'cdal, n. coal made by burning wood, 
^hark, v. to burn to a black cinder. 

Char, n. (S. cer) work done by the day. 

* — v. to work at another's house by the day. 
(^har'wdm-an, n. a woman who does cliar- 


Char'ac-ter, n. (Gr.) a mark ; a letter ; 
a personage ; personal qualities ; reputa- 
tion. — v. to inscribe ; to describe. 

Char'ac-ter-ism, n. distinction of character. 

Char-ac-ter-Is'tic, n. that which marks the 

Char-ao-ter-Ts'tic, Char-ac-ter-ls'ti-cal, a. 
constituting or marking the character. 

Char-ac-ter-Is'ti-cal-ly, ad. in a manner that 
distinguishes the character. 

Char-ac-ter-Ts'ti-cal-ness, n. the quality of 
being peculiar to character. 

Char'ac-ter-ize, v. to give a character ; to 
engrave or imprint ; to mark with a stamp 
or token. 

Char'ac-ter-less, a. without a character. 

Cha-rade', sha-rad', n. a kind of riddle. 

Charge, v. (Fr. charger) to intrust; to 
impute as a debt; to accuse; to command; 
to enjoin; to load; to make an onset. — 
n. care ; precept ; mandate ; trust ; accu- 
sation; imputation; expense ; cost ; onset. 

^har£e'a-ble,a. imputable ; expensive ; costly. 

(^'harge'a-ble-ness, n. expense ; cost. 

(Jhar^e'a-bly, ad. expensively ; at great cost. 

(^harp'less, a. cheap ; unexpensive. 

(^har^er, n. a large dish ; a war horse. 

Qha'ri-ly. See under Chary. 

Char'i-ot, n. (L. carrus) a carriage of 
pleasure or state ; a car formerly used in war. 
(^har-i-ot-eer 7 , n. one who drives a chariot, 
(^har'i-ot-race, n. a race with chariots. 

Char'i-ty, n. (L. cams) kindness ; love ; 
' good will ; liberality to the poor ; alms, 
^har'i-ta-ble, a. kind ; benevolent ; liberal. 
(j!har / i-ta-ble-ness, n. disposition to charity, 
(^har'i-ta-bly, ad. kindly ; benevolently. 
Char'i-ta-tive, a. disposed to tenderness. 

Charla-tan, sharla-tan, n. (Fr.) a 

quack ; a mountebank ; an empiric 
Char-la-tan'i-cal, a. quackish ; ignorant. 
(Jhar'la-tan-ry, n. wheedling ; deceit. 

Qharles's-wiim', n. (S. carles, team) the 

northern constellation called theGreatBear. 

Charm, n. (L. carmen) a spell ; some- 

* thing to gain the affections. — v. to be- 
witch ; to delight ; to subdue. 

tube, tab, fail ; cry, cr^pt, myrrh ; toll, bdy, our, nSw, new ; cede, £em, rai§e, exist, thin. 




^harmed, p.a.enchanted ; fortified by charms. 

(^harm'er, n. one who charms ; an enchanter. 

(^harm'ful, a. abounding with charms. 

(^harm'ing, p. a. pleasing in the highest degree. 

(^harm'ing-ly ,ad. in a highly pleasing manner. 

Qhar'nel, a. (L. card) containing flesh. 

<^har / nel-h6use, n. a place for the bones of 
the dead. 

Qhart, kart, n. (L. charta) a delinea- 
tion of coasts ; a map. 

Qhar'ter, n. a writing bestowing privileges. — 
v. to establish by charter ; to let or hire a 
ship by contract. 

CJhar'tered, p. a. granted by charter ; hired 
or let. 

Char'tu-la-ry. See Cartulary. 

CJiar'ter-land, n. land held by charter. 

(Jhar'ter-par-ty, n. a contract respecting the 
hire and freight of a ship. 

Cha'ry, a. (S. cearig) careful ; cautious, 

Cha'ri-ly, ad. warily ; frugally. 

^ha'ri-ness, n. caution ; nicety. 

Chase, v. (Fr. chasser) to hunt; to pur- 
* sue ; to drive away. — n. hunting ; pursuit ; 

ground where beasts are hunted ; bore of a 

(^hase'a-ble, a. fit for the chase, 
(^has'er, n. one who chases ; a pursuer, 
^ihase'gun, n. a gun in the fore part or stern 

of a ship. 

Chasm, n. (Gr. chasma) a cleft; a gap. 
Chasmed, a. having gaps or openings. 

(phaste, a. (L. castus) pure ; uncorrupt. 
(^hastely, ad. in a chaste manner ; purely, 
(^haste'ness, n. purity ; chastity, 
i^has'ti-ty, n. purity ; freedom from obscenity. 

Chas'ten, chas'n, v. (I/, castigo) to 

correct ; to punish ; to mortify. 
Clias'ten-er, n. one who corrects. 
^Jhas-tlse', v. to correct by punishment, 
(^has'tise-ment, n. correction ; punishment, 
(^has-tls/er, n. one who chastises. 

£hat, v. (Fr. caqueter) to prate ; to 

talk idly ; to converse at ease. — ft. idle or 

familiar talk. 
CJhat'ty, a. full of prate ; conversing freely, 
(^hat'ter, v. to make a noise like birds, or with 

the teeth ; to talk idly or carelessly. — 

n. noise of birds ; idle prate, 
^hat'ter-er, n. an idle talker ; a prattler. 
(Jhat'ter-ing, n. idle or unprofitable talk. 
<^hat'ter-b6x, n. an incessant talker. 

Chat'eau, shat'o, n. (Fr.) a castle. 
Qhat'el-la-ny, n. the district of a castle. 
Chat'tel, n. (L. capitalia ?) any move- 
' able property. 

ChaVen-der, n. the chub, a fish. 
Chaw, v. (S. ceoican) to masticate ; 
' to chew. — n. the chap, 
pheap, a . (S. ceap) bearing a low price ; 

of small value ; easy to be had. 
(^hgap'en, attempt to buy; to lessen value, 
(^heap'ly, ad. at a small price, 
(^heap'ness, n. lowness of price. 

Cheat, v. (S. ceat) to defraud ; to iia- 
* pose upon. — n. a fraud ; a trick ; a deceiver. 
Cheat'a-ble-ness, n. liability to be cheated. 
Qheat'er, n. one who practises fraud. 

Check, v. (Fr. echec) to repress ; to 
curb ; to reprove ; to stop. — n. stop ; re- 
straint ; curb ; reproof ; a term in chess. 

Ch6ck, C^igque, n. an order for money. 

Qheck'er, n. one who checks. 

(^hgck'less, a. uncontrollable ; violent. 

(^hgck'mate, n. a movement on a chess-board. 
— v. to finish. 

Qheck, n. (Fr. tehee) cloth woven in 
squares of different colours. 

^heck'er, Cliequ'er, v. to variegate ; to di- 
versify. — n. a board for chess or draughts. 

QhSck'er-work, n. variegated work. 

Qheek, n. (S. ceac) the side of the fact 

below the eye. 
CJieeked, a. brought near the cheek. 
(Jheek'bone, n. the bone of the cheek. 
(^heek't66th, n. the hinder tooth or tusk. 

Qheer, v. (Gr. chairo 1) to encourage ; 
to comfort ; to gladden ; to applaud. — 
n. shout of applause; gaiety; entertainment 

QheeVer, n. one who cheers. 

(^hger'ful, a. lively ; gay; moderately joyful 

(JheeVful-ly, ad. in a cheerful manner. 

(^heeVful-ness,n.animation ; gaiety ; alacrit} 

(JheeVless, a. without gaiety or gladness. 

Cheerly, a. gay ; brisk. — ad. briskly. 

(^heeVy, a. gay ; sprightly ; making gay. 

(^hger'i-ly, ad. in good spirits., n. (S. cyse) a kind of food mado 

by pressing the curd of milk. 
Qhee'sy, a. having the nature of cheese. 
Che"ese'cake, n. cake made of curds, sugar, &c. 
(^heese'mon-ger, n. one who deals in cheese, 
(^heese'par-ing, n. the rind or paring of cheese. 
<^heese'pr6ss, n. a machine for pressing curds, 
(^heese'vat, n. a wooden case for curds. 

Chelv, n. (Gr. chele) the claw of a 

Che-mise', she-mise', n. (Fr.) a shift. 

Chem'is-try, kim'is-try, n. ( Ar. kimia) 
the science which shows the nature and 
properties of bodies. 

Chem'ic, Chem'i-cal, a. pertaining to chem- 
istry ; made by chemistry. 

Chem'i-cal-ly, ad. by a chemical process. 

Chem'ist, n. one versed in chemistry. 

Che-mls'ti-cal, a. relating to chemistry. 

Chequ'er, check'er. See under Check. 

Qhe-quin'. See Zechin. 

Qher'ish, v. (L. car us) to treat with 
tenderness ; to nurse ; to support ; to shelter. 
ClieVish-er, n. one who cherishes. 
QheVish-ing, n. support ; encouragement. 

Cher'ry, n. (L. cerasus) a small stone 
" fruit.— a. pertaining to a cherry ; like a 

cherry; ruddy. 
C^heVry-pIt, n. a child's play. 

Fate, fat far, fill; me, mSt, there, her; pine, pin, field, fir; note, n5t, nor, m6ve, son; 




Cher'so-nese, n. (Gr. chersos, nesos) a 

(phert, n. (Ger. quarz) a kind of flint, 
(^hert'y, a. like chert ; flinty. 

Qher'ub, n. (H.) a celestial spirit ; an 
angel : pi. chSr'ubs or cher'u-bim. 

Cfie-ruTric, <j!he-ru'bi-cal, a. pertaining to 

CfieVu-bin, n. an angel. — a. angelical. 

Cher'up, v. {chirp) to make a cheerful 
* noise, like a bird. 

Qhess, n. (Fr. echec) a game. 
Cligss'board, n. a board for playing chess. 
Chgss'man, n. a puppet for chess, 
(^hess play-er, n. one who plays at chess. 

Ches'som, n. mellow earth. 

£hest, n. (S. cyst) a large box ; the 
thorax. — v. to lay up in a chest ; to place 
in a coffin. 

(^hest'ed, a. having a chest. 

Chest'nut, ches'nut, n. (L. castanea) a 
tree ; a nut. — a. of a bright brown colour. 

Chev-a-lier', shev-a-ler', n. (Fr.) a 
knight ; a gallant man. 

Chev'er-il, n. (L. caper) a kid ; kid- 
' leather. 

Chev'ron, shev'ron, n. (Fr.) an honour- 
able ordinary in heraldry, representing two 
rafters meeting at the top. 

(^heVroned, a. shaped like a chevron. 

Chew, chu, v. (S. ceowari) to crush with 

the teeth ; to masticate ; to ruminate. 
Chew'ing, n. mastication. 

Chi-cane', shi-cane', n. (Fr.) trick in 
law proceedings ; artifice. — v. to prolong a 
contest by tricks. 

(^hi-ca'ner, n. one guilty of chicanery. 

Chi-ca'ner-y, n. trickery ; mean artifice. 

Chick, Chick'en,n. (S. cicen) the young 

of a bird, particularly of a hen. 
riilck'en-heart-ed, a. timorous ; cowardly. 
^hlck'en-pOx, n. an eruptive disease. 
Clilck'weed, n. the name of a plant. 

Chide, v. (S. cidan) to reprove ; to 
' scold ; to find fault : p. t. chid or chode ; 

p. p. chid or chld'den. 
Cfiide, n. murmur ; gentle noise, 
(^hld'er, n. one who chides. 
Chld'ing, n. scolding ; rebuke ; contention, 
(^hld'ing-ly, ad. in a reproving manner. 

Chief, a. (Fr. chef) principal ; most 
1 eminent.— n. a commander ; a leader ; the 

principal part.— ad. principally. 
Chief less, a. without a chief. 
Cfiief ly, ad. principally ; eminently, 
(^hieftain, n. a leader; the head of a clan. 
Chief tain-ry, Cliief tain-ship, n. headship. 
CJiiefage, Cfie'vage, n. a tribute by the head, 
^hief rie, n. a small feudal rent, 
(phll'blain, n. {chill, blam) a swelling 

or sore caused by frost. 

Qhild, n. (S. cild) an infant ; a very 
young person ; a descendant : pi. chll'dren. 

Clilld'hOdd, n. the state of children. 

Qhlld'ish, a. like a child ; trifling. 

Qhlld'ish-ly, ad. in a childish manner. 

Qhlld'ish-ness, n. puerility ; triflingness. 

(Jhildless, a. without children. 

Child'bear-ing, n. the act of bearing children. 

(^hild'bed, n. state of a woman in labour. 

Qhlld'birtfi, n. the act of bringing forth. 

(^hildllke, a. like or becoming a child. 

<^hll-der-mas-day / , n. the day which com- 
memorates the slaying of the children by 

ChTTi-ad, n. (Gr. chilias) a thousand. 
ChIl-i-a-he'dron,?2.afigure of a thousand sides. 
Chll'i-arch, n. a commander of a thousand. 
Chll'i-ar-chy, n. a body of a thousand men. 
Chlfi-ast, n. a millenarian. 

Chil-i-f ac'tion. See under Chyle. 

Chill, a. (S. cele) cold ; dull ; depress- 

* ed. — n. cold ; a shivering.— v. to make 
cold ; to depress. 

CfiU'ly, a. somewhat cold.— ad. coldly, 
(^hll'li-ness, (^hll'ness, n. coldness ; shivering. 

Chime, n. (L. clamo ?) sound of bells 
' in harmony ; concord of sound. — v. to 

sound in harmony ; to agree. 
Chi-me'ra, n. (Gr. chimaira) a wild 

Chi-meVi-cal, a. imaginary ; fanciful. 

Chi-mere', shi-mere'. See Cymar. 

Chim'ney, n. (L. caminus) a passage 

* for the ascent of smoke ; a fireplace. 
Cfilm'ney-cor-ner, n. the fireside, 
(^hlm'ney-piece, n. a shelf over the fireplace, 
(^hlm'ney-sweep-er, n. a cleaner of chimneys. 

Chin, n. (S. cyri) the lowest part of 
'the face. 
CJiInned, a. having a chin. 

Chi'na, n. porcelain, a species of earth- 
enware made in China. 
CJii-nese', n. the language or people of China. 

Chin'cough, chm'cof,7i. (D. kind, kuch ) 

the hooping cough. 
Chine, n. (Fr. echine) the back-bone or 

* spine. — v. to cut into chines or pieces. 
Cfilned, a. relating to the back. 

Qhink, n. (S. cina) a crack ; a gap ; 

an opening. — v. to crack ; to open. 
Cfilnk'y, a. opening in narrow clefts ; gaping. 

Chink, v. to make a sharp sound. 

Chintz, n. printed cetton cloth. 


Chip, v. (D. kappen) to cut into small 
' pieces. — n. a small piece cut qr broken off. 
^hlp'ping, n. a fragment cut on. 

Chi-rag / ri-cal, a. (Gr. cheir, agra) hav- 
ing gout in the hand. 

Chi'ro-graph, n. (Gr. cheir, grapho) a 
writing ; a deed ; a fine. 

tube, tub, fall ; cry, cr^pt, myrrh ; toll, bo?, Our, nOw, new; ?ede, ^em, raise, exist, thin. 





Chi-r&g'ra-pher, n. a writer ; an officer who 

engrosses lines. 
Chi-rOg'ra-phist, n. one who tells fortunes by 

the hand. 

Chi-rol'o-^y, n. (Gr. cheir, logos) talk- 
ing by manual signs. 

Chi'ro-man-cy, n. (Gr. cheir, manteia) 
the art of foretelling by inspecting the hand. 

Chl'ro-man-9er, n. one who foretells by in- 
specting the hand. 

Chirp, v. (Ger. sirpen) to make a noise 
> like a bird. — n. the voice of birds. 
Qhirp'ing, n. the gentle noise of birds. 

Chi-riir'ge-on, n. (Gr. cheir, ergon) one 
who cures ailments by external applica- 
tions ; a surgeon. 

Chi-riir'ge-ry, n. the art of curing by exter- 
nal applications ; surgery. 

Chi-rur'gic, Chi-rurgi-cal, a. relating to the 
art of' healing by external applications ; 

Qhis'el, n. (L. scissum) an instrument 
for paring wood or stone. — v. to cut with a 

Chit, n. (S. cith) a sprout ; a shoot; a 

* child.— v. to sprout ; to shoot. 

Qhit'chat, n. {chat) idle talk ; prattle. 

Qhit'ter-lings, n. pi. (Ger. kuttel) the 
bowels of an eatable animal 

f hiv'al-ry, n. (Fr. cheval) knighthood; 
valour ; the body or order of knights. 

£hIv'al-rous, a. relating to chivalry; knight- 
ly ; gallant ; warlike ; adventurous. 

Chives, n. pi. the filaments in flowers. 

Chlo-ro'sis, n. (Gr. chloros) green 

Chlo-r6t'ic, a. affected by chlorosis. 

£hoc'o-late, n. (Fr. chocolat) a prepa- 
ration of the cocoa-nut. 

Choice. See under Choose. 

Choir, kwir, n. (L. chorus) a band of 
singers ; the part of a church where the 
singers are placed. 

Cho'rus, n. a number of singers ; verses of a 
song in which the company join the singer. 

Cho'ral, a. belonging to or composing a choir. 

Cho'ral-ly, ad. in the manner of a chorus. 

Cho'rist, Chftr'is-ter, n. a singer in a choir. 

Cho-ra'gus, n. the superintendent of the an- 
cient chorus. 

Qhoke, v. (S. aceocan) to suffocate.; to 

stop up ; to obstruct ; to suppress, 
(^hoke'full, a. as full as possible. 

Chol'er,?i.(Gr.c/io/e)bile; anger; rage. 
ChOl'er-a, n. a disease from bile. 
Chol'er-ic, a. full of choler ; irascible. 
ChOl'er-ic-ness, n. anger ; irascibility. 

Choose, v. (S. ceosan) to take by prc- 

* ference ; to pick out ; to select : p. t. £ho§e ; 
p. p. ch6s/en. 

<2h6eYer, n. one who chooses, 
(^hoos/ing, n. election ; choice. 

C^iftT^e, n. the act or power of choosing ; the 
thing chosen. — a. select; precious; careful, 
(^ha^eless, a. without power to choose. 
<^h6Ice'ly, ad. with great care ; curiously. 
(^h61fe'ness, n. nicety; particular value. 
(JhOIce'drawn, a. selected with great care. 

Chop, v. (D. happen) to cut with a 
quick blow ; to cut into small pieces. — n. a 
piece chopped off ; a small piece of meat. 

(^hopliSuse, n. a house of entertainment. 

Qhop, v. (S. ceap) to barter ; to ex- 
change ; to bargain ; to bandy. 
QhOp'ping, n. act of bartering ; altercation. 

Chop, n. {chap) a crack ; a cleft, 
(^hop'py, a. full of cracks or clefts. 

Chop'ping, a. stout; lusty; plump. 

Chops, n. pi. {chaps) the jaws. 
QhOp'fallen, a. dejected ; dispirited. 

Chord, n. (Gr. chorde) the string of a 
musical instrument; harmony in one or 
more notes ; a right line drawn from on8 
extremity of an arc to another. — v. to string. 

Cho-re-pis'co-pal, a. (Gr. choros, epi, 
skopeo) relating to the power of a local or 
suffragan bishop. 

Cho-rog'ra-phy, n. (Gr. choros,grapho) 
the art or practice of describing or forming 
maps of particular regions or countries. 

Cho-rog'ra-pher, n. one who describes parti- 
cular regions or countries. 

Cho-ro-graph'i-cal,a. descriptive of countries 

ChO-ro-graph'i-cal-ly, ad. in a manner de- 
scriptive of regions or countries. 

Qhose, Qhos'en, p. t. and p. p. of choose. 

Chough, chuf, n. (S. ceo) a sea : bird. 

Qhoule. See Jowl. 

Qhouse, v. (Turk, chiaous?) to cheat ; to 
trick. — n. one who is easily cheated ; a trick. 

Chrism, n. (Gr. chrio) consecrated oil. 

Chrls/mal, a. relating to chrism. 

Chrl^'ma-to-ry, n. a vessel for chrism. 

Chrlf'om, n. a child that dies within a month 
after its birth ; a cloth anointed with holy 
oil, which children formerly wore till they 
were baptized. 

Chris'ten, kris'sn, v. (Gr. christos) to 
baptize ; to baptize and name. 

Chrls'ten-ing, n. the act of baptizing and 

Chrls'ten-dom, n. the countries inhabited by 
Christians ; the whole body of Christians. 

Christian, n. a believer in the religion of 
Christ. — a. believing or professing the reli- 
gion of Christ. 

Christian -ism, n. the Christian religion. 

Chrls-ti-an'i-ty, n. the religion of Christians. 

Chrlst'ian-Ize, v. to convert to Christianity. 

Chrlst'ian-llke, a. befitting a Christian. 

Chrlst'ian-ly, a. becoming a Christian.— ad. 
like a Christian. 

Chrlst'ian-name, n. name given at baptism. 

Chrlst'mas, n. the festival of Christ s na- 
tivity, 25th December. 

Chrlst'mas-b&x, n. a Christmas present. 

Fate, fat, far, fall ; me, m6t, th§re, her ; pine, pin, field, fir ; note, nSt, nor, move, s6n ; 




Chro-mat'ic, a. (Gr. chroma) relating 
to colour ; relating to music. 

Chronic, Chron'i-cal, a. (Gr. chronos) 
relating to time ; continuing a long time. 

Chron'i-cle, n. (Gr. chronos) a register 
of events in the order of time ; a history. — 
v. to record in a chronicle ; to register. 

Chron'i-cler, w. a writer of a chronicle. 

0\\YOTLO-%r&m,n.(Gr. chronos, gramma) 
an inscription in which the date is ex- 
pressed by numeral letters. 

ChrOn-o-gram-mat'i-cal, a. belonging to or 
containing a chronogram. 

Chr5n-o-gram'nia-tist, ft. a writer of chron- 

Chro-nog'ra-phy, n. (Gr. chronos, gra- 
pho) the description of past time. 

Chro-nog'ra-pher, ft, one who writes of past 

Chro-n6To-gy, n. (Gr. chronos, logos) 

the science of computing dates or periods 

of time. 
Chro-n6l'o-ger, Chro-nol'o-gist, ft. one who 

studies or'explains chronology. 

chronology ; according to the order of time. 
Chron-o-log'i-cal-ly, ad. in the order of time. 

Chro-nom'e-ter, n. (Gr. chronos, me- 
tron) an instrument for measuring time. 

Chrys'a-lis, n. (Gr. chrusos) aurelia, 
or the form of certain insects before they 
become winged. 

Chrys'o-lite, n. (Gr. chrusos, lithos) a 
precious stone. 

Chrys'o-prase, Chry-sop'ra-sus, n. (Gr. 
chrusos, prason) a precious stone. 

Chub, n. a river fish. 

^hub'by, a. like a chub ; short and thick. 

(^hub'faged, a. having a plump round face. 

Qhuck, v. to make the noise of a hen ; 

to call as a hen. — ft. the noise of a hen. 
(^huc'kle, v. to call as a hew; to fondle ; to 

laugh convulsively ; to laugh inwardly in 


Chuck, v. (Fr. choquer) to strike 

' gently ; to throw with quick motion.— n. 

a gentle blow, 
(^huck'far-thing, ft. a game. 

Chuff, n. (S.cyf*) a coarse blunt clown. 

Chuf'fy, a. blunt; surly; fat. 

C^huf 'li-ly, ad. in a rough surly manner. 

fhum, n. (Fr. chomer) a chamber- 

Qhump,??. a thick heavy piece of wood. 

Church, n. (Gr. kurios, oikos) a place 

' of Christian worship ; the collective body 
of Christians ; a particular body of Chris- 
tians ; the body of the clergy ; ecclesiastical 
authority. — v. to return thanks in church. 

Chtirch'ing, ft. thanksgiving in church. 

(^hurgh'dom, ft. the authority of the church. 

(^hurfhllke, a. becoming the church, 

(^hurch'man, n. an ecclesiastic ; an adherent 
of the church ; an episcopalian. 

Qhurch'ship, n. institution of the church. 

(^hurch'ale, w. a wake or feast to commemo- 
rate the dedication of a church. 

(^hurgh'land, ft. land vested in an ecclesias- 
tical body. 

(^hurgh-mu'sic, ft. music suited to church 

(^hurch-pre-feVment, ft. a benefice in the 

(jhurch'war-den, ft. an officer appointed as 
guardian of the concerns of the church, 
and representative of the parish. 

£hurgh'yard,n. the burial ground of a church. 

Churl, n. (S. ccorl) a rustic ; a surly 
' man ; a miser ; a niggard, 
(^hurrish. a. rude ; harsh ; avaricious, 
(^hurl'ish-ly, ad. rudely ; brutally, 
(^hurl'ish-ness, n. rudeness ; niggardliness. 

(phurn, n. (S. ciern) a vessel used in 
making butter. — v. to make butter ; ta 
shake or agitate. 

^hurn'ing, ft. the act of making butter. 

Qhurn'staff, «. the staff used in churning. 

Chyle, n. (Gr. chulos) a milky juice 
formed in the stomach by digestion. 

Chy-la'ceous, a. consisting of chyle. 

Chyl-i-fac'tion, n. the act of making chyle. 

Chyl-i-fac'tive. Ch>i-o-po-6t'ic, a. having the 
power of making chyle. 

Chylous, a. consisting of chyle. 

Chyme, n. (Gr. chumos) food after it 
has undergone the action of the stomach. 

Chym'is-try. See Chemistry. 

Cic'a-trice, n. (L. cicatrix) a scar. 
(^Ic'a-trlze. v. to heal a wound by inducing a 

skin ; to skin over. 
<^Tc-a-tri-za'tion,n.the act of healing a wound 

Ci-ce-ro'ne, chi-che-ro'ne, n. (It.) a 
guide, who explains curiosities. 

CTc-e-rO'ni-an, a. resembling Cicero. 
(^Ic-e-ro'ni-an-ipi, n. imitation of Cicero. 
Cic'u-rate, v. (L. cicur) to tame. 
(^Ic-u-ra'tion, n. the act of taming. 

Qi'der, n. (Fr . cidre) the juice of apples 

expressed and fermented. 
^I'der-ist, ft. a maker of cider. 
Ql'der-kin, n. an inferior kind of cider. 

£i-gar', n. (Sp. cigarro) a small roll 
of tobacco for smoking. 

fiTia-ry, a. (L. cilium) belonging to 
the eyelids. 

Ci-li'cious,{z. (L. ciliciwn) made of hair. 

Cim'e-ter. See Scimitar. 

Qim-me'ri-an, a. (L. Cimmerii) ex- 
tremely dark. 
Cmc'ture, n. (L. cinctum) a band ; a 
* belt ; a girdle ; an inclosure. 

Qm'der, n. (S. sinder) matter remain- 
ing after combustion ; a hot coal that haa 
ceased to flame. 

tube, tub, full ; cry, crypt, myrrh ; toll, boy, 6ur, nSw, new; cede, gem, raise, exist, thin. 




(^Tn'der-wenfft, Qln'der-wdm-an, n. a woman 
who rakes ashes for cinders. 

Ci-ne're-ous, a. (L. cinis) like ashes ; 

having the colour of ashes. 
(^In-e-rl'tious, a. having the form of ashes. 

£m'na-bar, n. (Gr. kinnabari) an ore 

of quicksilver. 
Qui'na-mon, n. (Gr. kinnamomon) the 

spicy bark of a tree, 
(pmque, n. (Fr.) the number five. 
(^Tnque'pace, n. a dance. 
Cl'on. See Scion. 

Qi'pher, n. (Fr. chiffre) an arithmetical 
figure (0) ; an inter texture of letters, as 
the initials of a name ; a secret manner of 
writing. — v. to practise arithmetic ; to write 
in occult characters ; to designate. 

Circ, Qirque, Cir'cus, n. (L. circus) an 
area for sports, with seats around for the 

(^ir^en'si-an, a. relating to the circus. 

Cir'cle, n. (L. circus) a line continued 

4 till it ends where it began, having all its 
parts equidistant from a common centre ; 
the space included in a circular line ; a 
round body ; an orb ; compass ; a sur- 
rounding company. — v. to move round any 
thing ; to inclose ; to surround. 

(^ir'cled, a. having the form of a circle. 

(^ir'clet, n. a little circle ; an orb. 

^'ir'eling, p. a. round ; surrounding ; inclosing. 

<^ir'cu-lar, a. round, like a circle ; moving 
round ; addressed to a number of persons 
having a common interest. — n. a letter or 
notice addressed to a number. 

(^ir-cu-lar'i-ty, n. a circular form. 

(^Ir'cu-lar-ly, ad. in form of a circle. 

Cir'cu-la-ry, a. ending in itself. 

(^cu-late, v. to move round ; to spread. 

(^ir-cu-la'tion, n. a moving round ; currency. 

f^ir-cu-la-to'ri-ous, a. travelling in a circle. 

^ir'cu-la-to-ry, a. moving round ; circular. 

Cir'cuit, n. (L. circum, itum) the act 

J of moving round ; the space inclosed in a 
circle ; extent , a ring ; visitation of judges ; 
the tract of country visited by judges. — 
v. to move round. 

(^ir-cuit-6er / , n. one who travels a circuit. 

(Tir-cu-I'tion, n. a. going round ; compass. 

Oir-cu'i-tous, a. round about; not direct. 

(^ir-cu'i-tous-ly, ad. in a circuitous manner. 

(^lr-cum-am'bi-ent, a. (L. circum, am, 

eo) surrounding ; encompassing. 
Qir-cum-am'bi-en-fy, n.act of encompassing. 

Qir-cum-am'bii-late, v. (L. circum,, 

ambulo) to walk round about. 
Qir'cum-cise, v. (L. circum, cmsum) to 

cut off the prepuce or foreskin of males. 
(^Ir'cum-cl^-er, n. one who circumcises, 
(^ir-cum-cl'sion, n. the act or rite of cutting 

off the foreskin. 

£Tr-cum-diict', v. (L. circum, ductum) 
to contravene ; to nullify. 

(^ir-cum-duc'tion, n. a leading about ; an an- 

£ir-cum fer-ence, n. (L. circum, fero) 
measure round about ; the line that bounds 
a circle. 

(^r-cum-fe-ren'tial, a. relating to the cir- 
cumference ; that surrounds ; circular. 

Qir'cum-flex, n. (L. circum, flexum) a 
mark used to regulate the pronunciation 
of syllables. 

Qir-cum'flu-ent, Cir-cum'flu-ous, a. 
(L. circum, fluo) flowing round. 

Qir-cum-fo-ra'ne-an, Cir-cum-fo-ra'- 
ne-ous, a. (L. circum, "fares) travelling 
about ; wandering from house to house. 

Qir-cum-fuse 7 , v. (L. circum, fusum) 

to pour round ; to spread every way. 
(^lr-eum-fu'sile, a. that may be poured round. 
(Jlir-cum-fu'smn, n. the act of pouring round. 

Qir-cum-ges-ta'tion, n. (L. circum, 
gestum) the act of carrying about. 

Qir-cum-^yre', Qir-cum'^y-rate, v. 
(L. circum, gyrus) to roll or turn round. 

Qir-cum-gy-ra/tion, n. a rolling or turning 

Qir-cum-ja'cent, a. (L. circum, jaceo) 
lying round ; bordering on every side. 

Qir-cum-lo-cu'tion, n. (L. circum, 
locutum) a circuit of words ; the use of 
indirect expressions. 

(^ir-cuni-ltic'u-to-ry, a. using many words. 

<pir-cum-mured', a. (L. circum, murus) 
walled round ; encompassed with a wall. 

Cir-cum-naVi-gate, v. (L. circum, 
* navis, ago) to sail round. 
Qir-cum-nav'i-ga-ble, a. that may be sailed 

C^ir-cum-nav-i-ga'tion, n. act of sailing round. 
Qir-cum-nav'i-ga-tor, n. one who sails round. 

Qir-cum-polar, a. (L. circum, polus) 
round or near the pole. 

(pir-cum-po-si'tion, n. (L. circum, po- 
situm) the act of placing round about. 

£ir-cum-ro-ta/tion,7i. (L. circum, rota) 

the act of whirling round. 
^ir-cum-rO'ta-to-ry, a. whirling round. 

Qir-cum-scribe', v. (L. circum, scribo) 
to inclose ; to bound ; to limit ; to confine, 
(^lr-cum-scrlp'tion, n. limitation ; bound, 
(^ir-cum-scrlp'tive, a. marking the limits, 
(^ir-cum-scrlp'tive-ly y ad. in a limited manner. 

Qir'cum-spect, a. (L. circum, spectum) 
watchful on all sides ; cautious ; prudent. 
Qlr-cum-speVtion, n. watchfulness; caution. 
(^Ir-cum-spSc'tive, a. vigilant ; cautious. 
^ir / cuin-spSct-ly, ad. watchfully ; cautiously. 
Qir'cum-spSct-ness, n. caution ; vigilance. 

Qir'cum-stance, n. (L. circum, sto) 

something attending or relative to a fact ; 

an adjunct ; accident ; event ; condition ; 

state of affairs. 
(^Ir'cum-stant, a. surrounding ; environing. 
Oir-cum-stan'tial, a. accidental; not essen- 

tial ; casual ; particular ; detailed. 

Fate, fat, far, fall; me, m6t, there, h£r; pine, pin, field, fir; note, n6t, nor, mdve, son; 




CIr-cum-stan'tial-ly, ad. accidentally ; not es- 
2 sentially ; minutely ; in every circumstance. 
Cir-cum-stan'ti-ate, v. to place in particular 
' circumstances ; to describe exactly. 
Cir-cum-ter-ra'ne-ous, a, (L. circum, 
' terra) around the earth. 
Cir-cum-val-la'tion, n. (L. circum,val- 
5 lum) fortification round a place, 
(^lr-cum-vent', v. (L. cjrcum, ventum) 

to deceive ; to cheat ; to impose upon. 
Cir-cum-ven'tion, n. fraud; deception. 

Cir-cum-vest', v. (L. circum, vestis) to 

cover round with a garment. 
Cir-cum-volve', v. (L. circum, voIvo) 

to roll round ; to put into a circular motion. 
Cir-cum-vo-lu'tion, n. a rolling round. 

Cir'cus. See Circ. 

C^ist, n. ( L. cista) a case ; an excavation. 
Cls'tern,n. a receptacle for water ; a reservoir, j 
Cit. See under City. 
Cite, v. XL. cito) to summon ; to quote. 
C^I'tal, n. summons ; quotation ; reproof. 
Ci-ta'tion,n. summons ; quotation ; mention. 
Cl'ta-to-ry, a. having power to cite. 
Ci'ter, n. one who cites. 
Cith.' em jiAGrMthar a) a kind of harp. 
Cit'ron, n. (L. citrus) a kind of lemon. 
Clt'rine, a. lemon-coloured ; of a dark yellow. 
CU-ri-na'tion, n. a turning to a yellow colour. 

CTt'y, n. (L. civitas) a large town ; a 
" town corporate.— a. relating to a city. 
Cit, n. a pert low citizen. 
Clt'a-del, n. a fortress in a city. 
Clt'i-cism, n. the manners of a citizen. 
Clt'ied, a. belonging to a city. 
Clt'i-zen, inhabitant of a city jafreeman. 
Clt'i-zen-ship, n. the freedom of a city. 

Civ'et, n. (Fr. civette) perfume from 
J the civet cat. 

Civ'ic, a. (L. civis) pertaining to a 
* city ; relating to civil affairs or honours. 
CIv'il, a. relating to the community ; poli- j 
5 tical ; intestine ; complaisant ; well-bred, j 
Ci-vll'ian, n. one skilled in civil law. 
Ci-viri-ty, n. politeness ; courtesy. 
Ctv'il-Ize, v. to reclaim from barbarism ; to 

instruct in the arts of regular life. 
Clv-il-i-sa'tion, n. the act of civilizing ; the 
5 state of being reclaimed from barbarism. 
Civ'il-Iz-er, ?i. one who civilizes. 
Clv'il-ly, ad. in a civil manner ; politely. 

Clack, v. (Fr. claquer) to make a 
sharp continued noise.— n. a sharp con- 
tinued noise. 

Clack'er, n. one that clacks. 

Clack'ing, n. continual talking ; prating. 

Clad, p. t. and p. p. of clothe. 

Claim, v. (L. clamo) to demand of 
right ; to require. — n. a demand as of 
right ; a title. 

Claim'ant, Claim'er, n. one who claims. 
Cla'mant, a. crying ; beseeching earnestly. 
Clam'our, n. outcry ; noise ; vociferation.— 

v. to make an outcry ; to vociferate. 
Clam'o-rous, a. noisy ; vociferous ; loud. 
Clam'o-rous-ly, ad. in a noisy manner. 
Clam'our-er, n. one who makes an outcry. 

Clam, v. (S. clamian) to clog with any 

glutinous matter ; to be moist. 
Clam'my, a. viscous ; glutinous ; sticky. 
Clam'mi-ness, ». stickiness ; tenacity. 

Clamper, v. (climb) to climb with 
difficulty, or with hands and feet. 

Clamp, n. (D. klamp) a piece of wood 
or iron used to strengthen any thing. — 
v. to strengthen by a clamp. 

Clan, n. (Ir. clann) a race ; a tribe. 
Clan'nish, a. like a clan ; closely united. 
Clan'ship, n. state of union as in a clan. 

Clan'cu-larjCf.CL.c/r/m) secret ; private. 
Clan'cu-lar-ly, ad. closely ; privately. 
Clan-deVtine\ a. secret ; hidden ; private. 
Clan-deYtine-ly, ad. secretly : privately. 

Clang, n. (Gr. klange) a sharp shrill 
sound. — v. to make "a sharp shrill sound ; 
to strike together with a sharp sound. 

Clan'gour, n. a loud shrill sound. 

Clan'gous, a. making a clang. 

Clank, n. a shrill noise, as of a chain. — v. to 
make a sharp shrill noise. 

Clap, v. (S. clappan) to strike together 
with quick motion; to applaud with the 
hands ; to thrust suddenly ; to shut hastily 
— n. a noise made by sudden collision ; an 
explosion of thunder ; an act of applause. 

Clap'per, n. one that claps. 

Clap'per-claw, v. to scold ; to revile. 

Clare-ob-scuTe' ,71. (Ij.clarus,obscurus) 
light and shade in painting. 

Clar'et, n. (Fr. clairet), a species of 
French wine. 

Clar'i -chord, n. (L. clarus, chorda) a 
musical instrument. 

Clarl-fy, v. (L. clary s) to make clear ; 

to purify ; to brighten ; to grow clear. 
Clar-i-fi-ca'tion, ?». the act of making clear. 
Clar'i-ty, n. brightness ; splendour, 
dart-on, n. a kind of trumpet. 
Clar'i-o-net, n. a kind of hautboy. 

Clash, v. CD. klctsen) to strike against ; 

to act in opposition. — n. noisy collision. 
Clashing, n. opposition ; contradiction. 

Clasp, n. (Ir. clasba) a hook to hold 
any thing close ; an embrace. — v. to shut 
with a clasp ; to embrace. 

Clasp'er, n. one that clasps. 

Clasp'knife, n. a knife which folds into the 

Class, n. (L. classis) a rank, an order ; 
a number of pupils learning the same les- 
son. — v. to arrange in a class. 

Clas'sic, Clas'si-cal, a. relating to authors of 
the first order or rank ; elegant ; denoting 
an order of presbyterian assemblies. 

Clas'sic, n. an author of the first rank. 

tube, tub, full ; cry, crypt, myrrh ; t6Il, b5y, Our, now, new ; cede, gem, rai§e, exist, thin. 




Clas'si-cal-ly, ad. in a classical manner. 
Clas'si-fy, v. to arrange in classes. 
Clas-si-fi-ca'tion, n. a ranging into classes. 

Clat'ter, v. (D. klateren) to make a 
confused noise. — n.a rattling confused noise. 
Clat'ter-er, n. one who clatters. 
Clat'ter-ing, n. noise ; clamour. 

Clau-di-ca'tion, n. (L. claudus) a halt- 
ing or limping ; lameness. 

Clause, n. (L. clausum) the words in 
a sentence between two points ; an article 
or stipulation. 

Claus'tral, a. relating to a cloister. 

Clau^ure, n. act of shutting ; confinement. 

Clav'a-ted, a. (L. clava) club-shaped. 

Clave, p. t. of cleave. 

Clav'i-chord, n. (L. clavis, chorda) a 

musical instrument. 
Clav'i-cle, n. ( L. clavis) the collar bone. 
Claw, n. (S.) the foot of a beast or bird 

armed with sharp nails.— v. to tear with 

claws ; to pull ; to scratch. 
Clawed, a. furnished with claws. 
Claw'back, n. a flatterer ; a sycophant. 

Clay, n. (S. clceg) a tenacious kind of 

earth. — v to cover or manure with clay. 
Clay'ey, a. consisting of clay ; like clay. 
Clay'ish, a. partaking of the nature of clay. 
Clay'cold, a. cold as clay ; lifeless. 
Clay'gr&und, n. ground abounding with clay. 
Clay'plt, n. a pit where clay is dug. 
Clay'marl, n. a whitish chalky clay. 

Clay'more, n. (Gael, claidhamh, more) 
a two-handed sword ; a broad-sword. 

Clean, a. (S. clcen) free from dirt or 
impurity ; chaste ; guiltless ; neat ; dexter- 
ous ; entire. — v. to free from dirt ; to purify. 
— ad. quite ; perfectly ; completely. 

Ciean'ly, a. free from dirt ; neat ; pure. 

Ciean'li-ness, n. freedom from dirt ; neatness. 

Cleanly, ad. neatly ; purely ; dexterously. 

Clean'ness, n. freedom from dirt ; purity. 

Cleanse, v. to free from dirt ; to purify. 

Cleanser, n. one that cleanses ; a detergent. 

Cleans/ing, n. the act of purifying. 

Clear, a. (L. clarus) bright ; serene ; 
pure ; perspicuous ; indisputable ; mani- 
fest ; acute ; distinct ; innocent ; free. — 
v. to make or grow bright ; to free from 
obscurity or encumbrance ; to vindicate ; 
to cleanse ; to gain over and above all ex- 
penses. — ad. plainly ; quite. 

Clearance, n. the act of clearing ; a certifi- 
cate that a ship has been cleared at the 

Clear'er, n. one who clears ; a brightener. 

Clearing, n. justification ; vindication. 

Clear'ly, ad. brightly ; plainly ; evidently. 

Clear'ness, n. brightness ; transparency ; 
purity ; distinctness ; sincerity. 

Clear'slght-ed^.discerning ; acute ; judicious. 

Ciear'slght-ed-ness, n. discernment. 

Clear'starch, v. to stiffen with starch. 

Clear'starch-er, n. one who clearstarches. 

Cleave, v. (S. clifiari) to adhere ; to 

hold to ; to unite aptly : p. t. clave. 
Cleave, v. (S. deaf an) to split ; to 

divide: p. t. clove, clave, cleft : p.p. 

clo'ven or cleft. 
Cleav'er, n. an instrument for cleaving. 
Cleft, n. an opening made by splitting. 

Clef, n. (Fr.) a character in music. 

Clem'ent, a. (L. clemens) mild ; gentle. 
Clgm r en-cy, n. mildness ; mercy ; leniency. 
Ciem'ent-ly, ad. in a merciful manner. 

Clep'sy-dra, n. (Gr. klepto, hudor) a 
kind of water-clock among the ancients. 

Cler'gy, n. (L. clericus) the body of 
men set apart for the services of religion. 

CleVgi-cal, a. relating to the clergy. 

CleVgy-a-ble, a. admitting benefit of clergy. 

Clergy-man, n. a man in holy orders. 

CleVic, n. a clergyman. — a. relating to the 

Cler'i-cal, a. relating to the clergy. 

Clerk, dark, n. a clergyman ; a scholar ; one 
employed under another as a writer ; one 
who reads the responses in church. 

Clerk'like, a. like a clerk ; learned. 

Clerk'ly, a. scholar-like ; clever. — ad. in an 
ingenious or learned manner. 

Clerk'ship, n. scholarship ; office of a clerk. 

CleVer, a. (S. gleaw ?) dexterous ; 

skilful ; ingenious. 
Clev'er-ly, ad, dexterously ; ingeniously. 
CleVer-ness, n. dexterity ; skill ; ingenuity. 
Clew,n. (S. clime) a ball of thread ; a 

guide; a direction.— v. to guide, as by a 

thread ; to direct ; to raise the sails. 
Click, v. (D. klikken) to make a small 

sharp noise.— n. a small sharp noise. 
Cli'ent, n. (L. cliens) a dependent ; one 

who employs a lawyer. 
Cli-ent'al, a. dependent. 
Cll'eut-ed, a. supplied with clients. 
CU'en-tele^.the condition or office of a client. 
Clf ent-ship, n. the condition of a client. 

Cliff, n. (S. clif) a steep rock. 
Cliffy, a. broken ; craggy. 
Cllft, n. a steep rock ; a crack ; a fissure. 
Cllfted, Cllf'ty, a. broken ; craggy. 

Cli-mac'ter. See under Climax. 

Cli'mate, n. (Gr. klima) a region or 

tract of country ; temperature of the air. 
Clime, n. a region ; a tract of the earth. 

ClI'max, 7i. (Gr.) gradation ; ascent : 

a figure in rhetoric, by which the sentence 

gradually rises. 
Cli-mac'ter, Cllm-ac-tSr'ic, n. a progression 

of years ending in a critical period o 

human life. 
Cllm-ac-teVic, Cllm-ac-teVi-cal, a. critical. 

Climb, clim, v. (S. climan) to ascend 

with labour ; to mount : p. t. and p. p. 

climbed or clSmb. 
Cllmb'er, n. one who climbs. 
Climbing, n. the act of ascending. 
Clinch, v. (D. klinken) to grasp ; to 

confirm ; to fix ; to rivet.— n. an ambiguity. 
Clln^ft'er, n. a cramp ; a holdfast. 
Cling, v. (S. clingan) to hang upon ; 

to adhere ; to dry up : p. t. and p. p. clung. 

Fate, fat, far, fall ; me, met, there, her ; pine, pin, field, fir ; note, n6t, nor, move, son ; 



Clm ic, Clin i-cal, a. (Gr. klino) per- 
taining to a bed. 
Clln'ic, n. one confined to bed by sickness. 

Clink, v. (D. klinkeri) to make a small 
sharp sound. — n. a sharp successive noise. 

Clip, v. (S. clyppari) to cut with shears ; 

to cut short ; to curtail. 
Cllp'per, n. one who clips ; a barber. 
Cllp'ping, n. a part clipped off. 

Cloak, n. (S. lacli) a loose outer gar- 
ment ; a cover. — v. to cover with a cloak ; 
to hide ; to conceal. 

Cloak'ed-ly, ad. in a concealed manner. 

Cloak'bagjJt.a travelling bag ; a portmanteau. 

Clock, n. (S. clucga) an instrument 

which tells the hour ; an insect. 
C16ck'mak-er, n. one who makes clocks. 
Cl6ck's6t-ter, n. one who regulates clocks. 
Cl6ck'work, n. the machinery of a clock. 

Clock, v. (S. cloccan) to make a noise 
like a hen. — n. the sound of a hen calling 
her chickens. 

Clod, n. (S. clud) 3b lump of earth ; a 

dolt. — v. to gather into lumps. 
Clod'dy, a. consisting of clods. 
Cl5d'pat-ed, a. stupid ; dull. 
Clod'poll, n. a dolt; a blockhead. 

Cloff. SeeClough. 

Clog, v. (W.) to load with ; to en- 
cumber ; to obstruct. — n. a weight ; an 
encumbrance ; a wooden shoe. 

ClOg'ging, n. an obstruction ; a hindrance. 

ClOg'gy, a. that clogs ; thick ; adhesive. 

Clois'ter,w. (Xt.clausum) a monastery ; 
a nunnery ; a piazza.— v. to shut up in a 
cloister ; to confine ; to immure. 

ClOIs'ter-al, a. solitary ; recluse. 

Clols'tered, a. solitary ; built with cloisters. 

Cl6Is'ter-er, n. one belonging to a cloister. 

ClOls'tress, n. a nun. 

Cloke. See Cloak. 

Clomb, clom, p. t. and p. p. of climh. 

Close, v. (L. clausum) to shut ; to 
conclude ; to inclose ; to join ; to coalesce. 
— n. conclusion ; end ; pause ; cessation. 

Close, a. shut fast ; confined ; compact ; 
solid ; secret ; sly ; retired ; penurious ; 
near to. — ad. secretly ; nearly. — n. an in- 
closed place ; a field. 

Closely, ad. in a close manner ; secretly. 

ClOse'ness, n. the state of being close. 

Clos'et, n. a small private room ; a cupboard. 
— v. to shut up in a closet ; to conceal. 

CloYing, n. period ; conclusion. 

Closure, ft. the act of shutting up ; end. 

Close'bod-ied, a. made to fit the body exactly. 

Ciose'flst-ed, Close'hand-ed, a. penurious. 

Close'stool, n. a chamber utensil. 

Clot, ?i. (clod) concretion ; coagulation. 
— form clots ; to concrete ; to coagulate. 
ClOt'ter, v. to concrete ; to gather into lumps. 
ClOt'ty, a. full of clots ; concreted. 
ClOt'poll, n. a thickscull ; a blockhead. 

Cloth, n. (S. clatli) any thing woven for 
dress or covering ; a covering for a table. 

Clothe, t*. to cover with garments ; to dress \ 

to invest : p. t and p. p. clothed or clad. 
Clothef , n. pi. garments ; raiment ; dress. 
i Cloth'ier, n. a maker or seller of cloth. 
Clothing, n. dress ; garments ; vesture. 
ClOth'shear-er, n. one who trims cloth. 
Cloth/work-er, n. one who makes cloth. 

Cloud, n. (S. ge-hlod ?) a collection of 
visible vapour in the air ; obscurity or 
darkness ; a vein or spot in a stone ; a 
multitude.— v. to cover with clouds ; to 
darken ; to obscure. 

ClOud'y, a. covered with clouds ; obscure. 

ClOud'i-lyjfl-d.wiih clouds ; obscurely ; darkly. 

ClSudl-ness, n. the state of being cloudy. 

Cloudless, a. without clouds ; clear ; bright. 

Cl6ud'capt, a. topped with clouds. 

Clough, clof or cluf, n. (S.) the cleft of 
a hut ; an allowance of weight. 

Clout, n. (S. chit) a cloth for any 
mean use ; a patch. — v. to patch ; to cover 
with a cloth ; to join clumsily ; to beat. 

Clcmt'ed, p. a. patched ; coagulated. 

Cl6ut'er-ly, a. clumsy ; awkward. 

Clove, Clo'ven, p. t. and p. p. of cleave, 
Clo'ven-f66t-ed, Clf/ven-hoofed, a. having 

the foot divided into two parts. 
Clove, 7i. (S. clufe) a spice ; grain or 

root of garlic ; a weight. 
CloVer ,n. (S.dcpfer) a species of trefoil 
Clo'vered, a. covered with clover. 

Clown, 7i. (L. cohnusl) a rustic; a 

coarse ill-bred man ; a fool or buffoon. 
ClOwn'er-y, n. ill-breeding ; rudeness. 
ClOwn'ish, a. coarse ; ill-bred; ungainly. 
ClOwn'iah-ness, n. rusticity ; coarseness. 

Cloy, v. (L. claudo I) to fill to loathing. 
Cloy 'less, a. that cannot doy. 
Cloy'ment, ?i. satiety ; surfeit. 

Club, 7i. (W. clwpa) a heavy stick. 
Clubbed, a. heavy, like a club. 
Club'flst-ed, a. having a large fist. 
Club'fddt-ed, a. having crooked feet. 
ClubTiead-ed, a. having a thick head. 
Club'law, n. the law of brute force. 
ClQb'man, n. one who carries a club. 

Club, 7i. (S. cleofan ?) an association of 
persons contributing each his share. — v. to 
join in a common expense ; to contribute 
to one end. 

Club'bist, n. one who belongs to a club. 

Club'rOom, n. a room in which a club meets. 

Cluck, v. (S. cloccan) to call as a hen. 

Clue. See Clew. 

Clump, n. (Ger. klump) a shapeless 

mass ; a cluster of trees or shrubs. 
Clum / per, v. to form into clumps or masses. 

Clum'sy, a. (Ger. klump) awkward ; 

heavy*; ungainly ; unhandy ; ill-made. 
Clum'si-ly, ad. in a clumsy manner. 
Clum'^i-ness, n. awkwardness ; ungainliness. 

Cliing, p. t. and p. p of cling. 

Clus'ter, 7i. (S. clyster) a bunch ; a 
collection ; a body. — v. to grow in bunches ; 
to collect In a body. 

tube, tab, full ; cry, crypt, myrrh ; toil, boy , Our, nOw, new ; cede, gem, raise, exist, thin. 




Clutch, v. (S. ge-lceccan ?) to seize ; to 
grasp ; to gripe. — n. grasp ; gripe : pi. 
talons; paws. 

Clut'ter, n. {clatter) a noise ; a bustle. 
— v. to make a noise or bustle. 

Clys'ter, n. (Gr. kluster) an injection. 

Co-a-cer'vate, v. (L. con, acervus) to 

heap up together. 
Co-ac-er-va'tion, n. the act of heaping up. 

Coach, n. (Fr. coche) a close four- 
wheeled vehicle with seats fronting each 
other. — v. to ride in a coach. 

Coach'box, n. seat of the driver of a coach. 

Coa^h'ful, n. a coach filled with persons. 

Coa^h'hlre, n. money for the use of a coach. 

COa^h'horse, n. a horse for drawing a coach. 

COa^h'mak-er, n. one who makes coaches. 

Coa^h'man, n. the driver of a coach. 

Coach'man-ship, n. the skill of a coachman. 

Co-ac'tion. n. (L. con, actum) com- 
pulsion ; force. 
Co-ac'tive, a. compulsory ; restrictive. 
Co-ac'tive-ly, ad. in a compulsory manner. 

Co-ad'ju-tant, a. (L. con, ad, jutum) 

helping; assisting; co-operating. 
Co-ad-ju'tor, n. a fellow-helper ; an assistant. 
Co-ad-ju'trix, n. a female fellow-helper. 
C<3-ad-ju'van-9y, n. concurrent help. 

Co-ad-u-na'tion, Co-ad-u-ni'tion, n. 
(L. con, ad, unus) union of different sub- 

Co-ad-vent'u-rer, n. (L. con, ad, ven- 
tum) a fellow-adventurer. 

Co-a'gent, n. (L. con, ago) an 
assistant ; one co-operating with another. 

Co-ag'u-late, v. (L. con, ago) to force 
©r run into concretions ; to change from a 
fluid into a fixed state. 

Co-ag'u-la-ble, a. that may coagulate. 

Co-ag-u-la'tion, n. the act of coagulating ; the 
body formed by coagulating. 

Co-ag'u-la-tive, a. having power to coagulate. 

Co-ag'u-la-tor, n. that which causes coagu- 

Coal, n. (S. col) a common fossil fuel ; 

charcoal. — v. to burn wood to charcoal. 
Coal'er-y, n. a place where coals are dug. 
Coal'y, a. containing coal. 
Coll'ier, n. a digger of coals ; a coal-merchant. 
Coll'ier-y, n. a place where coals are dug. 
C6l'ly,n. smut of coal. — v. to smut with coal. 
Coal'black, a. black in the highest degree. 
C6al'bSx,n. a box to carry coals to the fire. 
Coal'hOuse, n. a house to put coals in. 
Coal'mlne, n. sl mine in which coals are dug. 
Cdal'mln-er, n. one who works in a coal mine. 
Coal'pit, n. a pit in which coals are dug. 
Coal'stone, n. a sort of cannel coal. 
Coal'work, n. a place where coals are dug. 

Co-a-lesce', v. (L. con, alesco) to grow 

together ; to unite ; to join. 
CO-a-leVfence, n. act of coalescing. 
Co-a-leV^ent, a. joined ; united. 
Co-a-ll'tion, n. union in one body ; junction. 

Co-ap-ta'tion, n. (L. con, apto) the 
adjustment of parts to each other. 

Co-aret', Co-arc'tate, v. (L. con, arcto) 
to press together ; to straiten ; to restrain. 
Co-arc-ta'tion, n. restraint ; confinement. 

Coarse, a. (L. crassus ?) not refined ; 

not soft or fine ; rude ; gross ; inelegant. 
Coarsely, ad. in a coarse manner. 
Coarse'ness, n. rudeness; grossness. 

Coast, n. (L. costa) the shore ; a bor- 
der ; a limit. — v. to sail near the coast. 
Coast'er, n. one that sails near the coast. 

Coat, n. (Fr. cotte) the upper garment ; 
a petticoat ; the hair or fur of a beast ; a 
covering. — v. to cover ; to overspread. 

Coat'ing, n. the act of covering ; a covering. 

Coax, v. (G. kogge 1) to wheedle ; to 

flatter ; to persuade by flattery. 
Coax'er, n. a wheedler ; a flatterer. 

Cob, n. (S. cop) the head ; any thing 

round ; a coin ; a strong pony. 
Cftb'ble, n. a roundish stone ; a pebble. 
C6b r I-rons, irons with a knob at the end. 
CCb'nQt, h. a boy's game ; a large nut. 
C6b's wan, n. the head or leading swan. 

Co'balt, n. (Ger. kobalt) a mineral. 

Cob'ble, Coble, n. (S. cuople) a fishing 

Cob'ble, v. (Dan. holler) to mend 

coarsely ; to do clumsily. 
Cob'bler, n. a mender of shoes ; a clumsy 

Cob'web, n. (D. kopweb) the web or 

net of the spider. — a. fine ; slight; flimsy. 
Cob'w ebbed, a. covered with spider's webs. 

Coch'i-neal, n. (Sp. cochinilla) an in- 
sect used to dye scarlet. 

Cochle-a-ry, Coch'le-at-ed, a. (L. 
cochlea) in the form of a screw. 

Cock, ?i. (S. cocc) the male of birds ; 
a spout to let out water ; part of a gun 
lock ; a small heap of hay ; the form of a 
hat.— v. to set erect ; to strut ; to set up 
the hat ; to fix the cock. 

Cock'er-el, n. a young cock. 

Cock'ing, n. the sport of cockfighting. 

Cock-ade', n. a riband worn in the hat. 

Cock-ad'ed, a. wearing a cockade. 

C6ck-a-t66', n. a bird of the parrot kind. 

Cock'a-trice, n. a serpent supposed to rise 
from a cock's egg. 

Cock'brained, a. giddy ; rash ; hair-brained.. 

Cfick'crow-ing, n. the dawn ; early morning. 

Cock'flgh^Cock'flght-ingjn.a battle of cocks. 

Cock'horse, a. on horseback ; exulting. 

Cock'ldft, n. the room over the garret. 

COck'mas-ter, n. one who breeds game cocks. 

COck'match, n. a cockfight for a prize. 

COck'pIt, n. the area where cocks fight ; a 
place on the lower deck of a ship of war. 

COck'shut, n. the close of the evening. 

Cock's ure, a. confidently certain. 

Cock, Cock'boat, n. (G. kogge) a small 

boat belonging to a ship. 
Cock's wain, kOk'sn, n. the officer who has 

the command of the cockboat. 
Cock'er, v. (W. cocru) to fondle ; to 

indulge ; to pamper. 

Fate, fat, far, fall; me, m£t, there, her; pine, pin, field, fir; note, n6<f, nor, move, son: 




Cock'er-ing, n. indulgence. 
Cockle, n. (S. coccel) a weed. 
Cockle, n. (Gr. kochlos) a shell-fish. — 

v. to contract into wrinkles like the shell 

of a cockle. 
COck'led, a. shelled ; twisted ; spiral. 

Cock'ney, n. (Fr. cocagne 1) a native 
of London ; an effeminate, ignorant citizen. 

C6ck'ney-llke, a. having the manners of a 

Co'coa, n. (Sp. coco) a species of palm- 
tree, and its fruit or nut. 

Coc'tion, n. (L. coctum) the act of 


Cod, Cod'fish, n. a sea-fish. 

Cod, n. (S. codd) a husk ; a case ; a 
bag. — v. to inclose in a bag. 

Code, n. (L. codex) a collection of laws. 
COd'i-cil, n. an appendage to a will. 
Cod-i-^ll'la-ry, a. of the nature of a codicil. 

Co-dille', n. (Fr.) a term at ombre. 

Codle, v. (L. calidus ?) to parboil. 
Cod'ling, n. a kind of apple. 

Co-ef'fi-ca-cy, n. (L. con, ex,facio) the 

power of two or more things acting together. 
Co-ef-f I'^ien^y, n. co-operation. 
Co-ef-f I'cient, n. that which unites in action 

with something else. — a. co-operating. 

Co-el'der, n. (, S.ealdor) an elder 
of the same rank. 

Coe'li-ac. See Celiac. 

Co-emp'tion, n. (L. con, empty m) the 
act of buying up the whole quantity. 

Co-en-joy, v. {con, en, joy) to enjoy 

Co-e'qual, a. CL. con, eeqinis) of the 

same rank or dignity.— n. one who is equal 

to another. 
Co-e-qual'i-ty, n. the state of being equal. 

Co-erce', v. (L. con, arceo) to restrain. 
Co-er'pon, n. penal restraint ; check. 
Co-eV^ive, a. restraining by force. 
Co-eVcive-ly, ad. by constraint. 

Co-es-sen'tial, a. (L. con, esse) par- 
taking of the same essence. 

Co-es-sen-£i-al'i-ty, n. participation of the 
same essence. 

Co-e-stablish-ment, n. (L. con, sto) 

joint establishment. 
Co-e-ta'ne-an, n. (L. con, cetas) one of 

the same time or age with another. 
Co-e-ta'ne-ous, a. of the same age. 

Co-e-ter'nal, a. (L. con, ceternus) 

equally eternal with another. 
Co-e-ter'nal-ly, ad. with equal eternity. 
Co-e-ter'ni-ty, n. equal eternity. 

Co-eVal, a. (L. con, avum) of the same 

age with another. — n. a contemporary. 
Oo-e'vous, a. being of the same age. 

Co-ex-ist', v. (L. con, ex, sisto) to exist 
at the same time with another. 

Co-ex-Tst'ence, n. existence at the same time. 
Co-e:|-Ist'ent, a. existing at the same time. 

Co-ex-tend', v. (L. con, ex, tendo) to 

extend equally with another. 
Co-ex-tSn'sion, n. equal extension. 
Co-ex-ten'sive, a, having the same extent 

Coffee, n. (Fr. cafe) the berry of tho 

coffee-tree ; an infusion from the'berry. 
Cof'fee-hOuse, n. a house of entertainment. 
Coffee-man, n. one who keeps a coffeehouse. 
Coffee-pot, n. a pot for boiling coffee. 
Coffee-room, n. the public room in an inn. 

Coffer, n. (Fr. coffre) a chest ; a 
money chest ; a treasure.— v. to treasure up. 
C6ffer-er, n. one who treasures up. 

Coffin, n. (Gr. kophinos) a chest for a 

dead body. — r. to inclose in a coffin. 
C6f fin-mak-er, n. one who makes coffins. 

Co-found'er, n. (L. con, f undo) a joint 

Cog, n. (G. kogge) a little boat ; the 
tooth of a wheel. — v. to wheedle ; to cheat. 
COg'ger-y, n. trick ; falsehood ; deceit. 
Cogging, n. cheat ; fallacy ; imposture. 

Co'gent, a. (L. con, ago) forcible ; 

powerful ; convincing. 
Co'gen-fv, n. force ; strength; power. 
CO'gent-ly, ad. forcibly ; powerfully. 
Cog'i-tate, v. (L. cogito) to think. 
Cotpi-ta-ble, a. that may be thought on. 
CY-c-i-ta-biri-ty, 7i. the being cogitable. 
C ---i-ta'tion, n. thought ; meditation. 
COg'i-ta-tive, a. having the power of thought. 

Cog'nate, a. (L. con, ,natum) allied by 

blood ; related m origin ; kindred. 
Cog-na'tion, n. relationship ; kindred. 

Cog-ni , tion,r7.(L.co72,?20^co)knowledi:f>. 
Cog'ni-tive, a. haying the power of knowing. 
Co?'ni-za-ble,a.liable to be tried or examined. 
Cog / ni-zan9e,;? .judicial notice; trial ; a badge. 
Cog-nos'cence. n. knowledge ; act of knowing. 
Cog-nOs^i-ble, a. that may be known. 
Cog-nos-ci-bll'i-ty, n. the bein? cognoscible. 
Cog-nos'ci-tive, a. having the power of 

Cog-nom'i-nal, a. (L. con, nomen) 
having the same name; pertaining to the 

Cog-nom-i-na'tion, n. a surname. 

Co-hab'it, v. (L. con, habito) to dwell 

together ; to live as husband and wife. 
Co-hab'i-tant, n. one living in the same place. 
Co-hab-i-ta'tion, n. the act of cohabiting. 

Co-heir',co-ar\n. (L. con,hceres) a joint 
heir ; one who inherits along with others. 
Co-heir'ess, n. a joint heiress. 

Co-here', v. (L. con, hcereo) to stick 

together ; to be united ; to tit ; to asree. 
Co-he'rence, Co-he'ren^y, n. connexion. 
Co-he'rent, a. sticking together ; connected. 
Co-he'sion, n. the act of sticking together. 
Co-he'sive, a. having the power of sticking. 
Co-he'sive-ness, n. the being cohesive. 

CoTio-bate, v. to distil again. 

tube, tub, full ; cry, crypt, myrrh ; toll, boy, Cur, now, new ; cede, gem, raffe, exist, ihin, 

K '2 




Co-ho-ba'tion, n. repeated distillation. 

Coliort, n. (L. cohors) a body of foot 
soldiers among the Romans ; a troop. 

Coif, n. (Fr. coijjfe) a head-dress ; a 

cap. — v. to cover or dress with a coif. 
COlffure, n. a head-dress. 

Coigne, Com, n. (Gr. gonia) a corner ; 
a wooden wedge. 

Coil, v. (L. con, lego ?) to gather into a 
narrow compass.— n. rope wound into a 
ring; turmoil; stir 

Com, n. (L. cuneus) money stamped 
by authority.— v. to stamp money; to 
make ; to invent. 

Coln'age,rc.actof coining; money ; invention. 

Coln'er, n. one who coins ; an inventor. 

Co-in-cide', v. (L. con, in, cado) to fall 
upon the same point ; to concur. 

Co-In'ci-dence, n. the act or state of coin- 
ciding; concurrence. 

Co-In'ci-den-cy, n. tendency to the same end. 

Co-in'^i-dent, a. falling upon the same point ; 
concurrent ; consistent. 

Co-in-ci'der, n. one that coincides. 

Cois'tril, n. {kestrel) a coward. 

Coit. See Quoit. 

Co-i'tion, n. (L. con, itum) a going 
together; copulation. 

Co-ju'ror, n. (L. con, juro) one who 
swears to another's credibility. 

Coke, n. (L. coquo ?) fuel made by 
charring pit-coal. 

Col'an-der, n. (L. colo) a sieve. 
C6l'a-ture,n. the act of straining; filtration. 

Col-ber-tine', n. a lace so named from 
the maker, Colbert. 

Cold, a. (S. ceald) not hot ; frigid ; 
chill ; indifferent ; without passion ; re- 
served. — n. privation of heat ; a disease. 

Cold'ly, ad. without heat ; without concern. 

Cdld'ness, n. want of heat ; unconcern. 

Cold'biood-ed, a. without feeling or concern. 

Cold'heart-ed,a.indifferent ; wanting passion. 

Cole, n. (S. cawl) cabbage. 
Cole'sged, n. cabbage seed. 
Cole'wort, n. a species of cabbage. 

C6Tic, n. (Gr. kolori) a pain in the 
bowels.— a. affecting the bowels. 

Col -lapse', v. (L. con, lapsum) to fall 

together ; to close by falling together. 
Col-lapsed", p. a. fallen together ; withered. 
Col-lap 'sion,n. a falling together or shrinking. 

Collar,?!. (L.collum) something worn 
round the neck. — v. to seize by the collar. 
Col'lared, a. having a collar. 
COl'lar-bone, n. the clavicle. 

Col-late', v. (L. con, latum) to lay to- 
gether and compare ; to place in a benefice. 

Col-la'tion, n. comparison; the act of placing 
in a benefice ; a repast. 

Col-la'tive, a. able to confer or bestow. 

Col-la'tor, n. one who collates. 

Col-lat er-al, a. (L. con, latus) being 

side by side ; not direct ; concurrent. 
Col-lafer-al-ly, ad. side by side ; indirectly. 

Col-laud', v. (L. con, laus) to join in 

Colleague, n. (L. con, lego) a partner 

or associate in office or employment. 
Col-league / , v. to unite with. 
COl'league-ship, n. partnership. 

Col-lect', v. (L. con, tectum) to gather 
together ; to gain by observation ; to infer. 

Collect, n. a short comprehensive prayer. 

Col-lSd/ed, p. a. gathered ; recovered ; cool. 

Col-lect'ed-ly, ad. in one view ; coolly. 

Col-lgcfed-ness, n. state of being collected. 

Col-lfict'i-ble, a. that may be collected. 

Col-leVtion, n. the act of gathering together ; 
contribution ; an assemblage ; a compila- 
tion ; deduction ; corollary. 

Col-lec'tive, a. gathered into one body. 

Col-lec / tive-ly, ad. in a body ; not singly. 

Col-leVtor,r?.one who collects; a tax-gatherer. 

Col-lec'tor-ship, n. the office of a collector. 

College, n. (L. con, lego) a society of 
men set apart ior learning or religion ; a 
seminary of learning; a house in which 
collegians reside. 

Col-le'gi-an, n. a member of a college. 

Col-le'gi-ate, a. containing a college ; like a 
college. — n. a member of a college. 

Collet, n. (L. collum) the part of a 
ring in which the stone is set. 

Col-llde', v. (L. con, Icedo) to strike 

against each other ; to dash together. 
Collision, n. the act of striking together. 

Collier. See under Coal. 

Colli -flow- er. See Cauliflower. 

Colli-gate, v. (L. con, ligo) to tie or 

bind together. 
Col-li-ga'tion, n. a binding together. 

Colli-quate, v. (L. con, liqueo) to melt. 
Col-llq'ua-ble, a. easily melted. 
Col-li-qua'tion, n. the act of melting. 
Col-llq'ua-tive, a. melting ; dissolving. 
Col-llq-ue-fac'tion, n. a melting together. 

Col-li'sion. See under Collide. 

Collo-cate, v. (L. con, locus) to place 

together.— a. placed together. 
COl-lo-ca'tion, n. act of placing together. 

Collop, n. (Gr. kollops) a slice of flesh. 

Collo-quy, n. (L. con, loquor) confer- 
ence ; conversation ; dialogue. 

Col-lo'qui-al, a. relating to conversation. 

Col'lo-quist, COl-lo-cu'tor, n. a speaker in a 

Col-luc-ta'tion, n. (L. con, luctor) con- 
test ; contrariety ; opposition. 

Col-lude', v. CL.con, ludo) to conspire 
in a fraud ; to act in concert. 

Col-lud'er, n. one who conspires in a fraud. 

Col-lud'ing, n. trick ; deceit. 

Coi-lu'sion, n. a secret agreement for fraud. 

Col-lu r sive, a. fraudulently concerted. 

Col-lu'sive-ly, ad. in a collusive manner. 

Fate, fat, far, fall ; me, met, there, her; pine, pin, field, fir; note, not, nor, move, sou; 




Colly. See under Coal. 

Col'o-cynth, Col-o-qum'ti-da, n. (Gr. 
kolokunthis) the bitter apple, a kind of 
gourd ; a purgative drug. 

Colon, n. (Gr. kolon) a point (:) ; the 
largest of the intestines. 

Col'onel, ciir'nel, n. (Fr.) the com- 
manding officer of a regiment. 

Col'onel-cy, Col'onel-ship, n. the rank or 
commission of a colonel. 

Col-on-nade', n. (L. columna) a range 
of columns or pillars. 

Col'o-ny, n. (L. colo) a body of people 
drawn from the mother country to inhabit 
some distant place ; the country planted. 

Co-16'ni-al, a. relating to a colony. 

Co-lon'i-cal, a. relating to husbandmen. 

Coro-nist, n. an inhabitant of a colony. 

COl'o-nlze, v. to plant with inhabitants. 

COl-o-ni-za'tion, Cdl'o-niz-ing, n. the act of 
planting with inhabitants. 

Col'o-phon, n. (L.) the conclusion of a 
book, containing the date and place of 

C6l'o-pho-ny, n. a black resin. 

Co-los'sus, n. (L.) a gigantic statue. 
Co-lOs'sal, COl-os-se'an, Co-los'sic, a. like a 
colossus ; gigantic ; huge in size. 

Colour, n. (L. color) the hue or ap- 
pearance of bodies to the eye ; the tint of 
the painter ; false show ; complexion : pi. 
a standard. — v. to mark with some hue ; 
to palliate ; to make plausible ; to blush. 

Col'o-rate, a. tinged ; dyed ; coloured. 

Col-o-ra'tion, v. the art of colouring. 

C61-o-rIf'ic, a. able to give colour. 

Coi'our-a-ble, a. specious ; plausible. 

Col'our-a-bly, ad. speciously; plausibly. 

Col'oured, a. streaked ; striped ; specious. 

Col'our-ing, n. the art of applying colours. 

C6rour-ist, n. one who excels in colouring. 

Col'our-less, a. without colour ; transparent. 

CoTstaff. See Cowlstaff. 

Colt, n. (S.) a young horse ; a foolish 

youth. — v. to frolic ; to befool. 
COlt'ish, a. like a colt ; frisky; wanton. 
Colt'ish-ly, ad. in the manner of a colt. 
Colts't66th, n. love of youthful pleasure. 

Col'um-ba-ry, n. (L. columba) a dove- 
cot ; a pigeon-house. 
Col'um-blne, n. the name of a plant. 

CoTumn, n. (L. cohimna) a round 
pillar ; any body pressing perpendicularly 
on its base ; a lirie of figures ; a section of 
a page ; a file of troops. 

Co-lum'nar, a. formed in columns. 

Co-lures', n. pi. (Gr. kolouroi) two 
great circles passing through the poles and 
the equinoctial and solstitial points. 

Co'ma, n. (Gr.) lethargy ; stupor. 
Cdni'a-tose, a. lethargic ; drowsy. 

Co-mate', n. (L. con, S. maca) a com- 

Com'ate,//. (Gr.kome) hairy ; like hair. 

Comb, com, n. (S-. camb) an instru- 
ment for the hair ; the crest of a cock ; the 
cavities in which bees lodge their honey ; a 
dry measure. — v. to divide, clean, and ad- 
just the hair ; to lay smooth and straight. 

COmb'er, n. one who combs. 

Comb'less, a. without a comb or crest. 

Comb'mak-er, n. one who makes combs. 

CcWbat. v. (L.con, Fr. battre) to fight ; 
to oppose.— n. a contest ; a battle ; a right. 

Com'bat-ant, n. one who combats ; a cham- 
pion. — a. disposed to quarrel. 

Com-bTne', v. (L. con, binus) to join to- 
gether ; to unite ; to agree ; to coalesce. 
Com-bl'na-ble, a. that may be combined. 
Com'bi-nate, a. espoused ; betrothed. 
Com-bi-na'tion, n. union ; association. 
Com-bi'ner, n. one that combines. 

Corn-bust', a. (,nstum) applied to 
a planet when apparently very near the sun. 

Com-btis'ti-ble, a. that may be burnt. — n. a 
substance that may be burnt. 

Com-bus-ti-bll'i-ty, "Coin-bus'ti-ble-ness. ;<. 
quality of catching fire ; aptness to take fire- 

Com-bust'ion, n. a burning; conflagration. 

Com-bus'tive, a. disposed to take fire. 

Come, v. (S. cuman) to draw near ; to 
advance towards ; to arrive ; to happen : 
p. t. came ; p. p. come. 

Com'er, n. one who comes. 

Com'ing, n. approach : arrival.— a. advancing 
near; ready to come ; future. 

Coni'e-dy, n. (Gr. homos, ode) a play 
representing the lighter actions and pas- 
sions of mankind. 

Co-me'di-an, n. an actor of comic parts ; a 
stage-player ; a writer of comedies. 

COm'ic, a. relating to comedy ; raising mirth. 

COm'i-cal, a. raising mirth ; diverting; droll. 

Com'i-cal-Iy, ad. in a comical manner. 

Corn'i-cal-ness,/i.the quality of being comical. 

Comely//. (S.t;tmwtf/i)graceful;deceiit. 
Come'li-ness, n. grace ; beauty ; dignity 


Corn'et, n. (Gr. kome) a heavenly body 
with a train of light, and eccentric motion. 
Com'e-ta-ry, a. relating to a comet. 
C6ni'et-llke, a. resembling a comet. 
Coru-et-og'ra-phy, n. a description of comets. 

Com'fit, n.ih.con, faction) a dry sweet- 
meat.— v. to preserve dry with sugar. 
Com'fit-ure, n. a sweetmeat. 

ComTort, v. (L. con, forth) to strength- 
en ; to enliven ; to console ; to cheer.— 
n. support ; countenance ; consolation. 

C6m'fort-a-ble, or admitting comfort. 

Com'fort-a-ble-ness, n~. state of comfort. 

Com'fort-a-bly, ad. in a comfortable manner. 

C6m'fort-er, n. one who administers com- 
fort ; the title of the Holy Spirit. 

Com'fort-less, a. without comfort. 

Coni'for-tress, n. a female who comforts. 

Comic. See under Comedy. 

Co-mi'tial, a. (L. comitia) relating to 
the assemblieB of the people of Rome ; re- 
lating to an orderof presbyterian assemblies. 

tube, tub, fail ; cry, crypt, myrrh ; toll, boy, our, now, new; cede, gem, raise, exist, thin. 




Com'ma, n. (Gr. komma) a point (,). 
C6m'ma-tism, n. briefness ; conciseness. 

Com-mand', v. (L. con, mando) to go- 
vern ; to order ; to lead as a general. — n. 
the right of commanding; order; authority. 

C6m-man-dant', n. the commanding officer 
of a place, or of a body of forces. 

Com-mand'a-to-ry, a. having the force of a 

Com-mand'er, who commands; aleader. 

Com-mand'er-y, n. a body of knights ; the 
revenue or residence of a body of knights. 

Com-mand'ing, a. controlling ; powerful. 

Com-mand'ing-ly, ad. in a commanding or 
powerful manner. 

Com-mand'ment, n. a mandate ; a precept. 

Com-man'dress, n. a female who commands. 

Com'mark, n. (S. mearc) a frontier. 

Com-ma-te'ri-al, a. (L. con, materia) 

consisting of the same matter. 
Com-meas'u-ra-ble, a. (L. con, metior) 

reducible to the same measure. 
Com-mem'o-rate, v. (L. con,memor) to 

preserve in memory ; to celebrate solemnly. 
Com-m&m-o-ra'tion, n. public celebration. 
Com-mem'o-ra-tive, Com-mgm'o-ra-to-ry, a. 

preserving the memory of. 

Com-mence', v. (L. con, in, Hum ?) 

to begin ; to enter upon ; to originate. 
Com-m6nce'ment, n. beginning. 

Com-mend', v. (L. con, mando) to re- 
present as worthy ; to praise ; to commit. 

Com-mend'a-ble^.worthyof praise; laudable. 

Com-mgnd'a-ble-ness, n. the being worthy 
of praise. 

Corn-men d'a-bly, ad. laudably. 

Cdm-raen-da'tion, n. praise; eulogy. 

Com-mSnd'a-to-ry, a. containing praise ; 
holding in commendam. — n. eulogy. 

Com-mend'er, n. one who commends. 

Com-mend'am, n. a benefice held in trust. 

Cftm-men-da'tor, n. one who holds a benefice 
in commendam. 

Com-men-saYi-ty, n. (L. con, mensa) 

fellowship at table. 
COm-men-sa'tion, n. eating at the same table. 

Com-men'su-rate, v. (L. con,mensum) 
to reduce to some common measure. — 
a. reducible to a common measure ; equal ; 

Com-men'su-ra-ble, a. reducible to some 
common measure. 

Com-men-su-ra-bll'i-ty, Com-men'su-ra-ble- 
ness, n. capacity of being compared with 
another in measure. 

Com-men'su-rate-ly, ad. with equal measure. 

Com-mgn-su-ra'tion, n. reduction to some 
common measure ; proportion. 

Com'ment, v. (L. con, mens) to write 
notes on ; to expound ; to explain. — n. an- 
notation ; explanation ; exposition. 

COm'men-ta-rY, exposition ; annotation. 

C6m'raen-ta-tor, expositor or annotator. 

C6m'ment-er, n. an explainer ; an annotator. 

COm-men-tl'tious, a. invented ; imaginary. 

Com'mer^e, n. (L. con,merx) trade ; 
traffic ; intercourse. — v. to traffic ; to hold 

Com-mer / cial, a. relating to commerce. 
Com-meVfial-ly, ad. in a commercial view. 

Com-mi-gra'tion, n. (L. con, migro) 
removal of a large body of people from 
one country to another. 

Com-mi-na/tion, n. (L. con, minor) a 

threat ; denunciation of punishment. 
Com-mln'a-to-ry, a. threatening. 

Com-min'gle, v. (L. con, S. mengan) to 
mix into one mass ; to blend ; to unite. 

Com'mi-nute, v. (L. con, minuo) to 
break into small parts ; to pulverize. 

Com-mln'u-i-ble, a. reducible to powder. 

COm-mi-nu'tion, n. the act of breaking into 
small parts ; pulverization ; attenuation. 

Com-mis'er-ate, v. (L. con, miser) to 

pity ; to compassionate. 
Com-mls/er-a-ble, a. worthy of compassion. 
Com-mls-er-a'tion, n. pity; compassion. 
Com-ml^er-a-tive, a. compassionate. 
Com-mI§'er-a-tive-ly, ad. out of compassion. 
Com-mIs/er-a-tor, who hascompassion. 

Com-mit', v. (L. con, mitto) to intrust ; 
to deposit; to send to prison; to perpe- 
trate ; to expose. 

Com-mlt'ment, Com-mlt'tal, n. the act of 
committing ; imprisonment. 

Com-mlt'tee, n. persons selected to examine 
or manage any matter. 

Com-mlt'tee-ship, n. office of a committee. 

Com-mlt'ter, n. one who commits. 

Com-mlt'ti-ble, a. that may be committed. 

CSm'mis-sa-ry, n. a delegate ; a deputy ; an 
officer in the army who regulates provisions 
and ammunition. 

Com-mis-sa'ri-at, n. the body of officers who 
regulate provisions and ammunition. 

COm'mis-sa-ry-ship, n. the office of a com- 

Com-mls'sion, n. the act of committing ; a 
trust ; warrant ; charge ; mandate ; per- 
petration ; a number of persons joined in 
a trust or office. — empower; to appoint. 

Corn-mls'sion-al, Com-mls'sion-a-ry, a. ap- 
pointing by a warrant of authority. 

Com-mls'sion-ate, v. to empower. 

Com-mls'sion-er, n. one empowered to act 

Com-mls'sure, n. a joint ; a seam. 

Com-mixV*. (L.con,misceo) to mingle ; 

to blend ; to unite into one mass. 
Corn-mix 7 tion, n. mixture ; incorporation. 
Com-mlx'ture, n. the act of mingling. 

Com-mo'di-ous, a. (L. con, modus) 

convenient ; suitable ; useful. 
Com-mo'di-ous-ly .atf.conveniently ; suitably. 
Com-mo'di-ous-ness, n. convenience. 
Com-mfid'i-ty, n. interest ; advantage ; any 

thing bought and sold ; merchandise. 
Corn-mode', n. a head-dress. 
Com'mo-dore, n. (Sp. comendador) the 

commander of a squadron. 

Com-mod-u-la'tion, n. (L. con,modus) 
measure ; agreement. 

Com-mo-li'tion, n. (L. con, mold) the 
act of compressing and grinding. 

Com'mon, a. (L. con, munus) belong- 
ing to more than one ; general ; usual ; 

Fate, fat, far, fall ; me, m£t, there, her; pine, pin, field, fir; note, n6t, nor, move, son; 




vulgar ; mean. — n. an open public ground. 
— v. to share together. 

C6m'mon§, re. pi. the common people ; the 
lower house of parliament ; food at a com- 
mon table. 

Cdm'mon-a-ble, a. held in common. 

Com'mon-age, n. right to a common. 

Cdm'mon-al-ty, re. the common people. 

COm'mon-er, n. one of the common people ; 
a man not noble ; a member of the house 
of commons. 

C6m'mon-ly, ad. usually ; frequently. 

Cftm'mon-ness, n. the being common. 

COm-mon-coun'cil, n. the council of a city 
or corporate town. 

COm-mon-crl'er, n. one who gives public 
notice of things lost or for sale. 

Com-mon-hair, n. the place where the in- 
habitants of a town meet. 

Com-mon-law', n. unwritten law, which has 
been established by usage. 

C6m'mon-place, n. a memorandum ; a com- 
mon topic. — v. to reduce to general heads. 
— a. ordinary ; trite. 

C6m'mon-place-b66k, n. a book in which 
things to be remembered are ranged under 
general heads. 

Com'mon-weal, n. the public good. 

COrn'mon-wgalth, re. the state; the public ; 
a government in which the supreme power 
is lodged in the people ; a republic. 

Cdm-mon-wealths'man, n. one who favours 
a republican government. 

Com-mon'i-tive, Com-mon'i-to-ry, a. 
(L. con, monitum) advising ; warning. 

Com'mo-ranye, Com'mo-ran-cy, n. 

(L. con, moror) residence ; habitation. 
Cdm'mo-rant, a. dwelling ; resident. 

Com-mo'ri-ent, a. (L. con, morior) 
dying at the same time. 

Corn-move', v. (L. con, moveo) to put 
into violent motion; to disturb ; to agitate. 
Com-mo'tion, n. tumult ; disturbance. 
Com-mo'tion-er, n. a disturber of peace. 

Com-mune', v. (L.con,munus) to con- 
verse ; to talk together ; to hold intercourse. 

Com-mu'ni-ca-ble, a. that may be commu- 
nicated ; capable of being imparted. 

Com-mu-ni-ca-bll'i-ty, Com-mu'ni-ea-ble- 
ness, n. the quality of being communicable. 

Com-mQ'ni-cant, n. a partaker of the sacra- 
ment of the Lord's Supper. 

Com-mu'ni-cate, v. to impart ; to bestow ; 
to reveal ; to deliver ; to partake of the 
sacrament of the Lord's Supper. 

Com-mu-ni-ca'tion, re. the act of imparting ; 
conference ; conversation ; intercourse ; 
a common inlet ; passage. 

Com-mu'ni-ca-tive, a. ready to impart ; not 
selfish ; not reserved. 

Com-mu'ni-ca-tive-ness, n. the being com- 
municative ; readiness to impart. 

Com-mu'ni-ca-to-ry,a. imparting knowledge. 

Com-mun'ion, n. intercourse ; fellowship ; 
common possession ; union in faith and dis- 
cipline ; celebration of the Lord's Supper. 

Com-mu'ni-ty, n. the commonwealth ; the 
body politic ; common possession. 

Com-mute', v. (L. con, muto) to ex- 
change ; to bargain for exemption. 

Com-mu'ta-ble, a. that may be exchanged. 
C6m-mu-ta'tion, re. change ; alteration. 
Com-mu'ta-tive, a. relating to exchange. 
Com-mu'ta-tive-ly, ad. in the way of ex- 

Com-mu'tu-al, a. (L. con, mutuus) 

jointly mutual ; reciprocal. 

Com'pact, n. (L. con, pactum) an 
agreement ; a contract ; a league ; a union. 

Com-pact', v. to join together ; to unite 
closely ; to league with.— a. firm ; solid ; 
close ; held together. 

Com-pac'ted-ly, ad. closely. 

Com-pac'ted-ness, n. firmness ; density. 

Com-pact'ly, ad. closely ; densely. 

Com-pact'ness, re. firmness ; closeness. 

Com-pac'ture, n. close union ; structure. 

Com-pa'ge.s, n. (L.) a system of many 

parts united. 
Com-pag'i-nate, v. to set together. 
Com-pa|-i-na'tion, n. union ; structure. 

C6m'pa-ny,n. (L. con,pau\s ?) persons 
assembled together ; fellowship ; a band ; 
a society ; a body corporate ; subdivision 
of a regiment. — v. to associate with. 

Com-pan'ion,re. one who keeps company with 
another ; an associate ; a fellow ; a mate. 

Com-pan'ion-a-ble, a. social ; agreeable. 

Com-pan'ion-ship, n. company ; fellowship. 

Com-pare', v. (L. con, paro) to esti- 
mate one thing by another ; to liken. — re 
the state of being compared ; similitude. 

Cdm'par-a-ble, a. worthy to be compared. 

Cdm'pa-ra-bly, ad. of eq'ual regard. 

Com'pa-rates, re. pi. two things compared 

Com-par'a-tive, a. estimated by comparison. 

Com-par'a-tive-ly, ad. by comparison. 

Corn-parser, n. one who compares. 

Com-part-son, n. the act of comparing; a 
comparative estimate ; a simile ; inflection 
of an adjective. 

Com-part', v. (L. con, pars) to divide. 
Com'part, re. a member ; a division. 
Com-par-tl'tion, n. the act of dividing. 
Com-part'ment,n.a division ; a separate part. 
Com-part'ner, n. a partaker ; a sharer. 

Com/pass, i\ (L. con, passum) to en- 
circle ; to walk round ; to besiege ; to 
obtain. — re. circle ; grasp ; reach ; space ; 
an instrument by which ships are steered : 
pi. an instrument for drawing circles. 

Com-pas'sion, n. (L. con, passum) pity. 
Com-pas'sion-a-ble, a. deserving of pity. 
Corn-pas'sion-ate, a. inclined to pity ; merci- 
ful.— 1\ to pity ; to commiserate.' 
Com-pas'sion-ate-ly,a<7. mercifully ; tenderly. 
Com-pas'sion-ate-ness, n. the being merciful. 

Com-pa-ter'ni-ty, n. (L. con, pater) 

* relation of a godfather. 

Com-pat'i-ble, a. (L. con, peto) con- 
sistent with ; suitable to ; agreeable. 

Com-pat-i-biri-ty,Com-pat'i-ble-ness,ft. con- 
sistency ; suitableness ; agreement. 

Com-pa'tient, a. (L. con, patior) suffer- 
ing together. 

Com-pa'tri-ot, n. (L. con, pa tria) one of 
the same country. — a. of the same country. 

tube, tub, full ; cry, crypt, myrrh ; toll, bdy, Our, n5w, new ; cede, pm, rai§e, exist, thin. 




Corn-peer', n. (L. con, par) an equal ; 
a companion. — v. to be equal with ; to mate. 

Corn-pel', u. (L. con, pello) to force. 
Com-peTla-ble, a. that may be forced. 
Com-peTla-to-ry, a. having power to compel. 
Com-peTler, n. one who compels. 
Com-pul'sion, n. act of compelling ; force. 
Com-pul'sa-to-ry, Com-pul'sive, Com-pul'- 
so-ry, a. having power to compel ; forcing. 

Com-pel-la'tion, n. (L. con, pello) style 
or manner of address. 

Com'pend, Com-pen'di-um, n. (L. com- 
pendium) an abridgment ; a summary. 
Com-pen'di-ous, a. short ; abridged ; concise. 
Com-pen'di-ous-ly, ad. shortly ; summarily. 
Com-pen'di-ous-ness, n. shortness ; brevity. 

Com-pen'sate, v. (L. con, pensum) to 
give equal value to ; to make amends for. 
CSm-pen-sa'tion, n. amends; remuneration. 
Com-pen'sa-to-ry, a. making amends. 

Com-pete', v. (L. con, peto) to strive for 
the same thing as another ; to rival. 

Com-pe-tl'tion, n. rivalry; contest. 

Com-pet'i-tor, n. a rival ; an opponent. 

Com-pet'i-to-ry, a. in competition. 

Com-pet'i-tress, Com-pet'i-trix, n. a female 
who competes. 

C6m'pe-tent,a.suitable ; moderate; qualified. 

Com'pe-tence, Com'pe-ten-cy, n. sufficiency. 

Com'pe-tent-ly, ad. adequately ; moderately. 

Corn-pile', v. (L. con, pilo) to collect 

from various authors ; to compose. 
C5m-pi-la / tion,n. a collection ; an assemblage. 
Com-plle'ment, n. the act of heaping up. 
Com-pirer, n. one who compiles ; a collector. 

Com-pla'cent, a. (L. con, placeo) civil ; 

affable ; having a desire to please. 
Com-pla'cence, Com-pla'cen-cy,n. pleasure ; 

satisfaction ; civility. 
Com-pla-cgn'tial, a. causing pleasure. 
Com-pla'cent-ly, ad. in a soft or easy manner. 

Corn-plain', v. (L. con, plango) to 
lament ; to find fault ; to bewail. 

Com-plain'ant, n. one who urges a suit. 

Com-plain'er, n. one who complains. 

Com-plain'ing, n. expression of sorrow. 

Com-plaint', n. lamentation ; malady ; accu- 
sation ; information against. 

Com-plai-sant',a. (L. con, placeo) civil ; 

courteous*; desirous to please. 
C6m-plai-sance', n. civility ; courteousness. 
Com-plai-sant'ly, ad. civilly ; politely. 

Com-pla'nate, Corn-plane', v. (L. con, 

planus) to make level. 
Com'ple-ment, n. (L. con, pled) the 

full number or quantity ; perfection. 
Com-ple-ment'al, a. filling up ; completing. 

Com-plete', v. (L. con, pletum) to fill ; 

to perfect ; to finish. — a. full ; perfect ; 

finished ; ended. 
Com-plete'ly, ad. fully ; perfectly. 
Com-plete'ment, n. the act of completing. 
Com-plete'ness, n. state of being complete. 
Com-ple'tion, n. fulfilment ; perfect state. 
Com-ple'tive, a. making complete ; filling. 
Com-ple'to-ry, a. fulfilling ; accomplishing. 

Com'plex, a. (L. con, plenum) of many 
parts ; not simple ; intricate. — n. collection. 

Com-plex'ed-ness, n. compound state. 

Com-plgx'ion, n. involution ; colour of the 
skin ; temperament of the body. 

Com-plex'ion-al,a. pertaining to complexion. 

Com-plgx'ion-al-ly, ad. by complexion. 

Com-plex'ion-a-ry , a. relating to complexion. 

Com-plex'ioned, a. having a complexion. 

Com-plSx'i-ty, C6m'plex-ness, n. state of 
being complex. 

Com'plex-ly, ad. in a complex manner. 

Com-plex'ure, n. involution ; complication. 

Com-pli'ance. See under Comply. 

Com'pli-cate, v. (L. con, plico) to en- 
tangle ; to involve.— a. compounded of 
many parts. 

Com'pli-cate-ly,«d. in a complicated manner. 

Cdm'pli-cate-ness, n. the being complicated. 

Cdm-pli-ca'tion, n. a mixture of many things. 

Com'pli-ment, n. (L. con, pleo) an act 
or expression of civility. — v. to flatter ; 
to praise ; to congratulate. 

Corn-pli-ment'al, a. implying compliments. 

Cftm-pli-ment'al-ly, ad. by way of civility. 

COm-pli-ment'a-ry, a. expressive of compli- 

Com'plme,7i. (L. con, pleo) the last act 
of worship at night, which completes the 
service of the day. 

Com'plot, n. (L. con, S. plihtan ?) a 

conspiracy ; a confederacy in crime. 
Com-plot', v. to form a plot ; to conspire. 
Com-pl6t'ment, n. a conspiracy. 
Com-pl&t'ter, n. a conspirator. 

Com-ply', v. (L. con, pleo) to yield to ; 
to accord with ; to suit with. 

Com-pll'a-ble, a. that can bend or yield. 

Com-pll'ance, n. the act of yielding ; sub- 
mission ; complaisance ; performance. 

Com-pli'ant, a. yielding; bending; civil. 

Com-pll'er, n. one who complies. 

Com-po'nent, a. (L. con, pond) forming 
a compound. — n. an elementary part of a 
compound body. 

Com-po'nen-ey, n. mixture ; combination. 

Corn-port', v. (L. con, porto) to agree ; 
to suit ; to bear. — n. behaviour ; conduct. 
Com-pSrt'a-ble, a. suitable ; consistent. 
Com-port'ment, n. behaviour ; demeanour. 

Com-pose', v. (L. con, positum) to put 
together ; to form a compound ; to write as 
an author ; to calm ; to adjust ; to settle. 

Corn-posed', p. a. calm ; serious ; sedate. 

Com-pcyed-ly,a(2.calmly; seriously; sedately. 

Com-pos/ed-ness, n. calmness ; sedateness. 

Corn-poster, n. one who composes. 

Com-p6s/ite, a. applied to the last of the 
five orders of columns, because its capital 
is composed out of those of the other orders. 

Cdm-po-sl'tion, n. the act of composing ; a 
mixture ; a written work ; adjustment ; 
compact; agreement. 

Corn-p6s'i-tor, n. one who sets types. 

Com'pOst, n. a mixture ; manure.— v. to 
manure ; to enrich with soil. 

Com-pO'sure, n. the act of composing ; set- 
tlement ; sedateness; calmness. 

Fate, fat, far. fall; mS, met, there, her; pine, pin, field, fir: note, not, nor, move, son 




Com-po-ta tion, n. (L. con, poto) the 
act of drinking together. 

Com'po-ta-tor, n. one who drinks with an- 

Coin-pound', v. (L. con, pono) to 
mingle ; to combine ; to unite ; to adjust. 

Com'pound, a. formed out of many ingre- 
dients ; not simple. — n. a mass of many 

Com-pound'er, n. one who compounds. 

Com-pre-ca'tion, n. (L. con, precor) 
supplication ; public prayer. 

Com-pre-hend', v. (L. con, prehendo) 
to include ; to contain ; to understand. 

COm-pre-hen'si-ble, a. intelligible ; con- 
ceivable ; that may be comprised. 

C6m-pre-h6n'si-ble-ness, n. intelligibleness. 

Com-pre-hen'si-bly, ad. significantly. 

Com-pre-hen'siom n. the act or quality of 
comprehending ; capacity ; a summary. 

COrn-pre-hen'sive, a. comprising much. 

Com-pre-hen'sive-ly, ad. with great extent. 

CSm-pre-hen'sive-ness, n. the quality of in- 
cluding much in narrow compass. 

Com-pres-by-te'ri-al, a. (L. con, Gr. 

presbus) relating to the presbyterian form 
of ministration. 

Corn-press', v. (L. con, pressum) to 
press together ; to condense ; to embrace. 

Com'press, n. a bolster of soft linen cloth. 

Com-preYsi-ble, a. that may be compressed. 

Com-pr£s-si-bH'i-ty, n. the quality of being 

Com-preVsion, n. the act of compressing. 

Com-preVsive, a. having power to compress. 

Com-pres'sure, n. act of pressing together. 

Corn-prise', v. (Fr. compris) to include. 

Coin-primal, A. the act of including. 

Com'pro-bate, v. (L. con, probo) to 

agree with ; to concur in testimony. 
COm-pro-ba'tion, n. joint proof; attestation. 

Com'pro-mlse, n. (L. con, pro, missum) 
an agreement in which concessions are 
made on each side. — v. to adjust a dispute 
by mutual concessions. 

Com'pro-mlt, v. to pledge ; to promise. 

Com-pro-vm'cial,??.(L. con, pro, vinco) 
one belonging to the same province. 

Compt. See Count. 

Comp-troT. See Control. 

Coin-pul'sion. See under Compel. 

Com-punc'tion, n. (L. con, punctwn) 

a pricking ; remorse ; contrition. 
Com-punc'tious, a. repentant ; sorrowful. 

Com-pur-ga'tion. n. (L. co?i, pur yd) 
the act of establishing one man's veracity 
by the testimony of another. 

Cmn-pur-ga'tor, n. one who bears testimony 
to the credibility of another. 

Com-pute',t;.(L. con, puto) to reckon ; 

to calculate ; to number ; to count. 
Com-pQ'ta-ble., a. that may be computed. 
Com-pu-ta'tion, n. the act of reckoning. 
Com-pu'ter, C6m'pu-tist, n. a reckoner. 

Com'rade, Com'ra'de, n. (L. camera) 
a companion ; an associate. 

Con, v. (S. cunnian) to commit to me- 
mory ; to fix in the mind. 

Con-cam'e-rate, v. (L. con, camera) to 
arch over ; to vault ; to lay a concave over. 

Con-cam-e-ra'tion, n. an arch ; a vault. 

Con-cat'e-nate, v. (L. con, catena} to 
link together ; to unite in a successive order. 

Con-cat-e-na'tion, n. a series of links. 

Con'cave, a. (L. con, cavu?) hollow ; 

opposed to convex. — n. a hollow ; a cavity. 
Con-cav'i-ty, n. hollowness ; internal surface. 
C6n'ca-vous, a. hollow without angles. 
Con'ca-vou3-ly, ad. with hollowness. 
Con-ca'vo-cori'vex, a. concave on one side 

and convex on the other. 
Con-ceal', v. (L. con, celo) to hide. 
Con-gGara-ble, a. that may be concealed. 
Con-feal'ed-ly, ad. so as not to be detected. 
Con-ceai'er, n. one who conceals. 
Con-9eal'ing, ;?. a hiding ; a keeping close. 
Con-^eal'ment, n. a hiding ; a hiding-place. 

Concede', v. (L. con, cedo) to yield ; 

to admit as true ; to grant; to allow. 
Con-ces'sion, it. act of yielding ; a grant. 
Con-ceVsive, a. implying concession. 
Con-fes'sive-ly, ad. by way of concession. 

Con-ceive', v. (L. con, capio) to form 

in the mind ; to imagine ; to comprehend ; 

to think ; to become pregnant. 
Con-9eiv'a-ble, a. that may be conceived. 
Con-^eiv'a-bly, ad. in a conceivable manner. 
Con-9<jiv / er, n. one who conceives. 
Con-9eiv'ing, n. apprehension. 
Conceit', 11. thought ; notion ; pleasant 

fancy; self-flattering opinion. — v. to form 

a notion ; to think ; to fancy. 
Con-9£it'ed, a. having a high opinion of self. 
Con-9eit'ed-ly. ad. with foolish vanity. 
Con-9eit'ed-ness, n. fondness of self; pride. 
Con-96p'ta-cle, n. a vessel ; a receiver. 
Con-9ep'ti-ble. a. that may be conceived. 
Con-9ep'tion.».the act of conceiving ; notion ; 

image in the mind ; purpose ; thought. 
Con-yep'tive, a. capable of conceiving. 

Con-cent', n .( L. con , ca ntum ) harmony. 
Con^ent'ful, a. completely harmonious. 
Con-ceiifu-al, a. harmonious ; accordant. 

Con-gen'trate, v. (L. con, centrum) to 
drive to a common centre ; -to bring into 
a narrow compass. 

C6n-9en-tra'tion, n. act of concentrating. 

Con-96n / tre, v. to tend to a common centre. 

Con-9en'tric, Con-9en'tri-cal, a. having a 
common centre. 

Con-gep'tion. See under Conceive. 

Con-gem', v. (L. con, cerno), to belong 
to ; to affect ; to interest ; to make uneasy 
— 7i. business ; affair ; interest ; anxiety. 

Con-9ern / ed-ly, ad. with affection or interest. 

Con-cern'ing, prep, relating to ; regarding. 

Con-cern'ment,n. business; interest; moment. 

Con-cert', v. (L. con, certo) to settle ; 
to contrive ; to adjust ; to consult. 

Concert, n. agreement ; accordance ; har- 
mony ; a musical entertainment. 

tube, tub, full ; cry, crypt, myrrh ; toll, boy, Our, now, new • cede, gem, raife, exist, thin. 




Con-cer'to, n. (It.) a piece of music com- 
posed for a concert. 
C&n-cer-ta'tion, n. strife ; contention. 

Con-yes'sion. See under Concede. 

Conch, n. (L. concha) a shell. 
Con-choTo-gy, n. the science of shells. 

Con-c/fl'iar. See under Council. 

Con-cil'i-ate, v. (L. concilio) to win ; 

to gain ; to reconcile. 
Con-pll-i-a'tion, n. act of conciliating. 
Con-pll'i-a-tor, n. one who makes peace. 
Con-pll'ia-to-ry, a. tending to conciliate. 

Con-cm'nous, a. (L. concinnus) be- 
coming ; pleasant ; agreeable ; suitable. 
Con-cin'ni-ty, n. fitness ; neatness. 

Con'yi-o-na-to-ry, a. (L. concio) used 

in discourses to public assemblies. 
Con-cise',a.( ~L.con,ca?sum) brief ; short. 
Con-c"Ise'ly, ad. briefly; shortly. 
Con-clse'ness, n. brevity ; shortness. 
Con-pl'sion, n. a cutting off. 

Con-ci-ta'tion, n. (L. con, cito) the act 
of stirring up, or putting in motion. 

Con-cla-nia'tion, n. (L. con, clamo) an 
outcry or shout of many together. 

Con'clave, n. (L. con, clavis) an as- 
sembly of cardinals ; a close assembly. 

Con-elude', v. (L. con, claudo) to shut ; 
to comprehend ; to decide ; to end ; to infer. 

Con-clii'den-py, n. logical deduction. 

Con-cl Cedent, a. bringing to a close; decisive. 

Con-clu'der, n. one who concludes. 

Con-clu'ding-ly, ad. incontrovertibly. 

Con-clu'si-ble, a. that may be inferred. 

Con-clu'sion, n. end; close; inference; de- 
termination ; final decision. 

Con-clu'sion-al, a. tending to a conclusion. 

Con-clu'sive, a. decisive ; ending debate. 

Con-clu'sive-ly, ad. decisively ; finally. 

Con-el u'sive-ness, n. the being conclusive. 

Con-co-ag'u-late, v. (L. con, con, ago) to 
curdle or congeal one thing with another. 

Con-cod/, v. (L. con, coctum) to digest; 
to purify ; to refine ; to ripen. 

Con-coc'tion, n. digestion ; maturation- 

Con-coc'tive, a. digesting ; ripening. 

Con-com'i-tant, a. (L. con, comes) con- 
joined with. — n. an attendant. 

Con-c6m'i-tance, Con-com'i-tan-cy, n. a be- 
ing together with another thing. 

Con-cdm'i-tant-ly, ad. along with others. 

Con'cord, n. (L. con, cor) agreement ; 
union ; harmony ; a compact. 

Con-cord', v. to agree. 

Con-cord'ance, n. agreement ; a dictionary 
of the principal words used in the Scrip- 
tures, with the book, chapter, and verse 
in which they occur. 

Con-cord'an-cy, n. agreement. 

Con-cord'ant, a. agreeing; harmonious. — 
11. that which is correspondent. 

Con-eord'ant-ly, ad. in conjunction. 

Con-cord'at, n. a compact ; a convention. 

Con-cor'po-rate, v. (L. con, corpus) to 
unite into one body or substance. 

Con-cor-po-ra'tion, n. union in one body. 

Con'course, n. (L.con,cursum) a meet- 
ing ; an assembly of people ; a multitude. 

Con-cre-ate', v. (L. con, creo) to create 
at the same time. 

Con-cred'it, v. (L. con, credo) to intrust. 

Con-crete', v. (L. con, cretum) to co- 
alesce into one mass ; to form by concretion. 

Concrete, a. formed by concretion ; not ab- 
stract. — n. a mass formed by concretion. 

Con-cretely, ad. not abstractly. 

Con-cre'tion, n. act of concreting ; a mass. 

Con-cre'tive, a. causing to concrete. 

Con'cre-ment, n. mass formed by concretion. 

Con-eres'penpe, n. the act of growing by 
union of particles. 

Con'cu-bme, n. CL.con, cnbo) a woman 
who cohabits with a man without being 

Con-cu'bi-nage, n. the act or state of living 
as man and wife without being married. 

Con-cuTcate, v. (L. con, calco) to tread 
or trample under foot. 

Con-cu'pis-cence, n. (L. con, cupio) 
irregular desire ; lust ; carnal appetite. 

Con-cu'pis-cent, a. libidinous ; lecherous. 

Con-cu'pis-91-ble, a. impelling or inclining to 
carnal pleasure. 

Con-cur', v. (h.con, curro) to meet in 
one point ; to agree ; to contribute with 
joint power. 

Con-cur'renp.e, Con-cur'ren-cy, n. .union ; 
agreement; combination; assistance. 

Con-cur'rent, a. acting in conjunction ; con- 
comitant. — n. a joint cause ; equal claim. 

Con-cur'rent-ly, ad. with concurrence. 

Con-cus'sion, n. (L. con, quassum) the 
act of shaking ; agitation. 

to pronounce guilty ; to doom to punish- 
ment ; to censure ; to blame. 

Con-dSm'na-ble, a. blamable ; culpable. 

Con-dem-na'tion, n. sentence of punishment. 

Con-dem r na-to-ry,a.implying condemnation. 

Con-dem'ner, n. a blamer ; a censurer. 

Con-dense', v. (L. con, densus) to make 
or grow more dense. — a. thick ; close. 

Con-dCn'sa-ble, a. that may be condensed. 

Con-dSn'sate, v. to make or grow thicker. — 
a. made thick ; compressed. 

Con-den-sa'tion,ra. act of making more dense. 

Con-den'ser, n. one that condenses. 

Con-de-scend', v. (L. con, de, scando) 
to descend from the privileges of superior 
rank or dignity ; to stoop ; to yield. 

Con-de-scen'dence, n. a voluntary yielding. 

COn-de-scen'ding, a. yielding to inferiors ; 
courteous ; obliging.— n. act of voluntary 

Cdn-de-scen'ding-ly, ad. courteously. 

C&n-de-spen'sion ,n. descent from superiority. 

Con-de-scen'sive, a. courteous; not haughty. 

Con-dign', con-din', a. (L. con, dignus) 

deserved ; merited ; suitable. 
Con-dlg'ni-ty, n. merit ; desert. 
Con-dlgn'ly, ad. according to merit. 

Fate, fat, far, fall; me, met, there, her; pine, pin, field, fir; note, not, n5r, move, son; 




Con'di-ment, n. (L. condio) seasoning ; 

sauce ; any thing used to give relish. 
Con-dlte', v. to pickle ; to preserve. 
Con-dlte'ment, n. a composition of conserves. 

Con-di'tion,n. (L. con, datum) quality ; 
state ; temper ; rank ; stipulation ; terms 
of contract. — v. to make terms ; to stipulate. 

Con-drtion-al, a. containing or depending 
on conditions ; not absolute. 

Con-dl-tion-aTi-ty, n. the being conditional. 

Con-dI'tion-al-ly,ad.with certain limitations. 

Con-dl'tioned, p. a. having qualities. 

Con-dole', v. (L. con, doleo) to lament 

with others. 
Con-dole'ment, n. sorrow with others. 
Con-dol'ence, n. grief for another's sorrow. 
Con-dol'ing, n. expression of condolence. 

Con-do-nil'tion, n. (L. con, dono) a 
pardoning ; a forgiving. 

Con-duce', v. (L. con, duco) to lead or 
tend ; to contribute ; to serve. 

Con-duce'ment. n. a leading to ; tendency. 

Con-du cent, a. tending to ; contributing. 

Con-du'ci-ble, a. tending to ; promoting. 

Con-du'ci-ble-ness, n. quality of conducing. 

Con-du'^ive, a. that may forward or promote. 

Con-du^ive-ness, n. quality of conducing. 

Con'duct, n. management; guidance; com- 
mand ; convoy ; behaviour. 

Con-duct', v . to lead ; to direct ; to manage. 

COn-duc-tl'tious, a. employed for wages. 

Con-duc'tor, n. a leader ; a chief; a director. 

Con-duc'tress, n. a woman that directs. 

Con'duit, cun'dit, n. a water-pipe ; a canal. 

Cone, n. (Gr. konos) a solid body, cir- 
cular at the base, and ending in appoint; 
the fruit of the fir-tree. 

COn'ic,COn'i-cal,fl. having the form of a cone. 

Con'i-cal-ly, ad. in the form of a cone. 

COn'ics, n. pi. the doctrine of conic sections. 

Co-nlf er-ous, a. bearing cones. 

Co'nOld, n. a figure like a cone. 

Con'ey. See Cony. 

Con-fab 'u-late, v. (L. con^f abator) to 
talk familiarly together ; to chat ; to prattle. 
Con-fab-u-la'tion, n. familiar talk. 
Con-fab'u-la-to-ry, a. belonging to talk. 

Con-far-re-fi'tion, n. (L. con, far) the 
solemnizing of marriage by eating bread 

Con-feet', v. (L. con, factum) to make 
up into sweetmeats ; to preserve with sugar. 

COn'fect, n. a sweetmeat. 

Con-fec'tion, n. a sweetmeat ; a mixture. 

Con-fec'tion-a-ry, n. one who makes sweet- 
meats ; a preparation of sweetmeats. 

Con-fgc'tion-er, n. one who makes or sells 

Con-fec'to-ry, a. relating to sweetmeats. 

Con'fit, Con'fi-ture, n. a sweetmeat. 

Con-f ed r er-ate, v. (L. con, foedus) to 
join in a league. — a. united in a league. — 
n. one united in league ; an ally. 

Con-fgd'er-a-cy, n. a league ; federal compact. 

Con-fed-er-a'tfon, n. league ; alliance. 

Con-fer', v. (L. con,fero) to discourse ; 
to consult; to compare; to give; to bestow. 

C6n / fer-en9e, n. formal discourse; an ap- 
pointed meeting for debate ; comparison. 
Con-fer'rer, n. one who confers. 
Con-feVring, n. comparison ; examination. 

Con-f ess', v. (L. con, fassum) to ac- 
knowledge a crime ; to avow ; to grant. 

Con-f eVsed-ly, ad. avowedly ; indisputably. 

Con-feVsion, n. acknowledgment; avowal. 

Con-fes'sion-al, n. the place where a priest 
hears the confession of a penitent. 

Con-f eVsion-a-rv, a. belonging to confession. 

Con-fes'sion-istjtt. one who professes his faith. 

Con'fes-sor, n. one who professes his faith 
in the face of danger ; a priest who hears 

Con-fgst', a. acknowledged ; open ; known. 

Con'fi-tent, n. one who confesses his faults. 

Con-f Ide', v. (L. con,Jido) to trust. 

COn-fi-dant 7 , Con-fi-dante', n. one trusted 
with secrets ; a contidential friend. 

C6n / fi-den9e,72. firm belief; trust ; boldness. 

Con'fi-dent, a. fully assured ; positive ; trust- 
ing; bold. — n. one trusted with secrets. 

Cdn-fi-den'tial, a. trusty ; faithful ; private. 

COn'fi-dent-ly, ad. without doubt or iear. 

Con-f Id'er, n. one who confides. 

Con-f lg'ure, v. (L. con,figura) to form ; 

to dispose into a certain shape. 
Con-flg'u-rate, v. to show like the aspects of 

the planets towards each other. 
Con-f Ig-u-ra'tion, n. form ; aspect of the 


Con'fTne, n. (L. con, finis) a limit ; a 

border ; a boundary. — v. to border upon. 
Con-fine', v. to limit; to shut up ; to restrain. 
Con-fln'a-ble. a. that may be limited. 
Con-f Ine'less, a. boundless ; unlimited. 
Con-f ine'ment, ti. imprisonment ; restraint. 
Con-f In'er, n. a borderer ; a restrainer. 

Con-f irm', v. (L. con,firmus) to make 
firm ; to fix ; to establish ; to ratify ; to 
admit fully into Christian communion. 

Con-firm'a-ble, a. that may be confirmed. 

Con-fir-ma'tion, n. the act of establishing; 
convincing testimony; an ecclesiastical rite; 

COn-fir-ma'tor, n. one that confirms. 

Con-f irm'a-to-ry, a. that serves to confirm. 

Con-f irm'ed-ness, n. state of being confirmed. 

Con-firm'er, fft. one that confirms. 

Con-firm'ing-ly, ad. with confirmation. 

Con-f Ts'c ate, v. (L. con,fiscus) to for- 
feit to the public treasury.^- a. forfeited. 

COn-fis-ca'tion, n. the act of forfeiting to the 
public treasury. 

COn'fis-ca-tor, n. one who confiscates. 

Con-fls'ca-to-ry, a. consigning to forfeiture. 

Con'fit. See under Confect. 

Con'fi-tent. See under Confess. 

Con-fix', v. (L. con,fixum)tQ fix down. 
Con-flx'ure, n. the act of fastening. 

Con-fla'grant, a. (L. con,Jiagro) burn- 
ing together ; involved in a common rlame. 
CSn-fla-gra'tion, n. a general fire. 

Con-fla'tion, n. (L. con, fiatum) the 
act of blowing many instruments together. 
Con-flict', v. (L. con,fi\ctum) to strive. 
COn'flict, n. collision ; contest ; struggle. 

tube, tub, full ; cry, cr^pt, myrrh ; toil, boy, Our, nOw, new ; cede, gem, raise, exist, tliin. 




Con'flu-ence, n. (L.con,fluo) the junc- 
tion of several streams ; a concourse. 

Con'flu-ent, a. flowing together ; meeting. 

Ctin'flux, n. union of several currents ; crowd. 

Con-flQx-i-bU'i-ty, n. the tendency of fluids 
to run together. 

Con-form', v. (L. con, forma) to make 

like ; to comply with. — a.made like ; similar. 
Con-form'a-ble, a. having the same form ; 

agreeable ; suitable ; consistent ; compliant. 
Con-form'a-bly, ad. agreeably ; suitably. 
Cdn-for-ma'tion, ft. the act of conforming ; 

the form of things as relating to each other ; 

Con-form'er, ft. one who conforms. 
Con-form'ist, ft. one who conforms ; one who 

complies with the worship of the established 

Con-form'i-ty, n. resemblance ; consistency. 

Con-foundJ v. (L. con 9 fundo)to mingle ; 

to perplex ; to stupify ; to destroy. 
Con-found'ed, a. hateful ; enormous. 
Con-found' ; enormously. 
Con-found'ed-ness, n. the being confounded. 
Con-fSund'er, ft. one who confounds. 

Con-fra-ter'ni-ty, n. (L. con, f rater) a 

religious brotherhood. 
Con-fri'er, n. one of the same order. 

Con-fri-cii'tion, n. (L. con, fried) a 

rubbing against ; friction. 

Con -front', v. (L. con, from) to stand 

face to face ; to oppose ; to compare. 
C6n-fron-ta'tion, n. act of confronting. 

Con-fuse', v. (L. con,fusum) to mix ; 

to perplex ; to disorder ; to abash. 
Con-fused', p. a. mixed : perplexed ; abashed. 
Con-fus/ed-ly, ad. indistinctly ; not clearly. 
Con-fus'ed-ness, n. want of distinctness. 
Con-fu ; sion, n. irregular mixture ; tumult ; 

disorder ; overthrow ; astonishment. 

Con-fute', v. (L. con,futo) to convict 
of error ; to prove to be wrong; to disprove. 

Con-fu'ta-ble, a. that may be disproved. 

Con-f u'tant, Con-f Q'ter, n. one who confutes. 

Con-fu-ta'tion, n. the act of confuting. 

Con-fQte'ment, n. disproof. 

Con'ge, n. (Fr.) act of reverence ; bow ; 
courtesy ; leave ; farewell. — v. to take leave. 

Cdn-ge-d'e-lire', n. the sovereign's permission 
to a dean and chapter to choose a bishop. 

Con-^eal', v. (L. con, gelo) to change 
from a fluid to a solid state ; to concrete. 

Con-geal'a-ble, a. that may be congealed. 

Con-|eal'ment,n. mass formed by congealing. 

Con-ge-la'tion, n. the act or state of con- 

Con'ge-ner, n. (L. con, genus) one of 
the same origin or kind. 

Con-gen'er-a-cy, n. similarity of origin. 

Con-ggn'er-ous, a. of the same kind. 

Con-gen'er-ous-ness, n. similarity of origin. 

Con-ge'ni-al, a. of the same nature ; kindred. 

Con-ge-ni-ari-ty, n. state of being congenial. 

Con-gen'ite, Con-geVi-tal, a. of the same 

Con'ger, n. (Gr. gongros) the sea-eel. 
Con-gest',v.(L.coft, gestum) to heap up. 
Con-gest'ion, n. a collection of matter. 
Con-ge'ri-es, n. a mass of small bodies. 
Con'gi-a-ry, n. (L. congiarium) a gift 

to the Roman people or soldiers. 
Con-gla/ci-ate, v. (L. con,glacies) to 

turn to ice ; to freeze. 
Con-gla-ci-a'tion, n. a freezing ; congelation. 

Con- globe', v. (L. con,globus) to gather 
into a ball ; to collect into a round mass. 

Con'glo-bate, v. to gather into a hard firm 
ball. — a. gathered into a hard firm ball. 

Con-glo-ba'tion, n. collection into a ball. 

Con-glOb' gather into a small mass. 

Con-glom'er-ate, v. (L. con, glomus) to 

gather into a ball.— a. gathered into a ball. 

Con-glom-er-a'tion, n. collection into a ball. 

Con-glu'ti-nate, v. (L. con, gluten) to 

glue together.— a. joined together. 
Con-glu-ti-na'tion, n. a gluing together. 
Con-glu'ti-na-tor, n. one that glues together. 

Con-grat'u-late, v. (L. con, gratulor) 
to wish joy to ; to compliment on any 
happy event. 

Con-grat-u-la'tion, n. an expression of joy. 

Con-grat'u-la-tor, n. one who congratulates. 

Con-grat'u-la-to-ry, a. expressing joy. 

Con'gre-gate, v. (L. con, grex) to as- 
semble ; to meet ; to collect together.-— 
a. collected ; compact. 

Con-gre-ga'tion, n. an assembly ; a collection. 

Con-gre-ga'tion-al, a. pertaining to a con- 
gregation ; public ; general. 

Con'gress, n. (L. con,gressum) a meet- 
ing ; an assembly ; the legislature of the 
United States. 

Con-greYsive, a. meeting; coming together. 

Con'gru-ent, a. (L. congruo) agreeing. 
C6n , gru-en9e, Con'gru-en-cy, n. agreement. 
Con-gru'i-ty, n. agreeableness ; consistency. 
CCn'gru-ous, a. agreeable to ; consistent. 
C6n r gru-ous-ly, ad. suitably ; consistently. 

Con'ic. See under Cone. 

Con-jec'ture, v. (L. con, jactum) to 

guess. — n. guess ; imperfect knowledge. 
Con-jeVtor, n. one who guesses. 
Con-jec'tu-ral, a. done or said by guess. 
Con-jec-tu-ral'i-ty, n. the being conjectural 
Con-jgc'tu-ral-ly, ad. by guess. 
Con-jec'tu-rer, n. one who guesses. 

Con-join', v. (L. con,jungo) to unite. 
Con-jSInt', a. united ; connected. 
Con-jolnfly, ad. in union ; together. 
Con-junct'^a. united; concurrent. 
Con-junc'tion, ft. union ; a connecting word. 
Con-junc'tive, a. uniting; connecting. 
Con-junc'tive-ly, ad. in union. 
Con-juncfly, ad. together; in union. 
Con-junc'ture, ft. union ; a critical time. 

Con'ju-gate,v. (L.con,jugum) to unite ; 

to inflect verbs. — n. a word agreeing in 

derivation with another word. 
Con-ju-ga'tionjft. a couple; a pair; the form 

of inflecting verbs ; union ; assemblage. 

Fate, fat, far, fall; me, met, there, her j pine, pin, field, fir; note, not, nor, move, son; 




Con'ju-gal, a. belonging to marriage. 
CSn'ju-gal-ly, ad. matrimonially. 

Con-jure', v. (L. con, juro) to summon 

in a sacred name ; to enjoin solemnly. 
Con'jure, v. to practise charms. 
Con-ju-ra'tion, n. the act of conjuring. 
C6n'jur-er, n. an enchanter; a juggler. 
Con-jure'ment; n. solemn injunction. 

Con-nas'cence, n. (L. con,nascor) birth 

of two or more at the same time. 
Con'nate, a. born with another. 
Con-nat'u-ral, a. connected by nature. 
Con-nat-u-ral'i-ty, n. union by nature. 
Con-nat'u-ral-Ize\ v. to connect by nature. 
Con-nat'u-ral-ly, ad. by nature ; originally. 
Con-nafu-ral-ness, n. natural union. 

Con-nect', v. (L. con, necto) to join ; 

to unite ; to fasten together. 
Con-nSc'tive, a. joining. — n. a conjunction. 
Con-nec'tive-ly, ad. in conjunction ; jointly. 
Con-nex', v. to join or link together. 
Con-nex'ion, n. union ; junction ; relation. 
Con-nex'ive, a. having power to connect. 

Con-nlve', v. (L. con, niveo) to wink 

at ; to close the eyes upon a fault. 
Con-ni'vance, n. voluntary blindness. 
Con-ni'ven-cy, n. pretended ignorance. 
Con-ni'vent^ a. forbearing to see. 
Con-nI'ver, n. one who connives. 

Con-nois-seur',?i.(Fr.) a judge ; a critic. 

Con-note', v. (L. con, noto) to betoken. 
Con'no-tate, v. to imply ; to infer. 
COn-no-ta'tion, n. implication ; inference. 

Con-nu'bi-al, a. (L. con, nubo) per- 
taining to marriage ; matrimonial! 

a reckoning together. 

Co'noid. See under Cone. 

Con'quer, v. (L. con, qu&ro) to gain by 
conquest ; to overcome ; to subdue. 

C5n'quer-a-ble, a. that may be conquered. 

Crtn'quer-or, n. one who conquers. 

Cftn'quer-ess, n. a female who conquers. 

Con'quest, n. the act of conquering ; victory ; 
that which is conquered. 

C<5n-san-gum'e-ous, a. (L. con, sanguis) 

of the same blood ; near of kin. 
C6n-san-guln'i-ty, n. relation by blood. 

Con'scjence, n. (L. con, scio) the faculty 
of knowing right from wrong. 

Cdn-sci-en'tious, a. regulated by conscience. 

Con-sci-eii'tious-ly, ad. according to the 
direction of conscience. 

Cdn-sp-en'tious-ness, n. tenderness of con- 
science; exactness of justice. 

Cftn'scion-a-ble, a. reasonable ; just. 

Con'scion-a-bly, ad. reasonably ; justly. 

Conscious, a. knowing one's own thoughts 
and actions ; knowing by mental perception. 

Con'scious-ly, ad. with knowledge of one's 
own thoughts and actions. 

Con'scious-ness, n. the perception of what 
passes in one's own mind. 

Con'script, a. (L. con, scriptum) en- 
rolled. — n. one enrolled for the army. 
Con-scrlp'tion, n. an enrolling or registering. 

Con'se-crate, v. (L. con, sacer) to make 
sacred ; to appropriate to a sacred use ; to 
dedicate. — a. sacred ; devoted ; dedicated. 

COn-se-cra'tion, n. the act of consecrating. 

Con'se-cra-tor, n. one who consecrates. 

COn'se-cra-to-ry, a. making sacred. 

Con'sec-ta-ry, a. (L. con, sector) fol- 
lowing; consequent. — n. deduction. 

Con-sec'u-tiYe,a. (L. con,secutum) fol- 
lowing in train ; successive; consequential. 
C6n-se-cu'tion, n. a train of consequences. 
Con-sec'u-tive-ly, ad. in succession. 

Con-sent', n. (L. con, sentio) agree- 
ment to something proposed. — v. to be of 
the same mind ; to agree ; to yield. 

Con-sen'sion, n. agreement; accord. 

C6n-sen-ta'ne-ous,a.agreeable to ; accordant. 

Con-sen-ta'ne-ous-ly, ad. agreeably ; consis- 
tently ; suitably. 

Con-sent'er, n. one who consents. 

Con-sgn'tient, a. agreeing in opinion. 

Con'se-quence, n. (L. con,scquor) that 

which follows ; an effect ; an inference ; 

importance ; influence. 
COn'se-quent, a. following as an effect or 

inference. — n. an effect ; an inference. 
C6n-se-qu£n'tial, a. following as the effect; 

important : conceited ; pompous. 
C<3n-se-quen'tial-ly, ad. by consequence 
C6n'se-quent-ly, ad. by necessary connexion. 
Con'se-quent-ness, n. regular connexion. 

Con-ser'tion, n. (L. con, sertum) junc- 
tion ; adaptation. 

Con-serve', v. (L. con, servo) to pre- 
serve without loss ; to candy fruit. — n. a 

Con-ser'vant, a. that prrserves or continues. 

Con-ser-va'tion, n. the act of preserving. 

Con-ser'va-tive, a. having power to preserve. 

Con-ser-va'tor, n. one who preserves. 

Oon-.t.Vva-to-ry, n. a place for preserving. 

Con-stVver, n. one who conserves. 

Con-sid'er, v. (L. considero) to think 

upon with care ; to ponder; to study. 
Con-sld'er-a-ble, a. worthy of consideiation ; 

respectable ; important ; more than a little. 
Con-sld'er-a-ble-ness, n. importance. 
Con-sld'er-a-bly, ad. in a considerable degree. 
Con-sld'er-ate,a. thoughtful ; prudent ; quiet. 
Con-sld'er-ate-ly, ad. calmly ; prudently. 
Con-sld-er-a'tion, n. the act of considering ; 

prudence ; contemplation ; importance ; 

compensation ; motive of action ; reason. 
Con-sId'er-a-tive,a.taking into consideration. 
Con-sId'er-a-tor, given to consideration. 
Con-sld'er-er, n. one who considers. 
Con-sld'er-ing, n. hesitation ; doubt. 
Con-sld'er-ing-ly, ad. with consideration. 

Con-sign', con-sin', v. (L. con, signo)to 
give to another ; to transfer ; to commit. 

Con-sig-na'tion, ??. the act of consigning. 

Con-slgn'ment, /?. the act of consigning ; 
the writing by which any thing is consigned. 

Con-sig-ni-fi-ca'tion, n. (L. con, siy- 
num,facio) similar signification. 

Con-sim'i-lar, a. (L. con, similis) hav- 
ing a common resemblance. 

Con-si-miri-ty, n. resemblance. 

tube, tub, full; cry, crypt, myrrh ; toll, boy, Our, now, new ; cede, gem, raise, exist* thin. 




Con-sist', v. (L. con, sisto) to continue 

fixed ; to be comprised ; to be composed ; 

to agree. 
Con-sIs'ten9e,Con-s!s / ten-9y,». natural stato 

of bodies ; degree of density ; substance ; 

agreement with itself. 
Con-sls'tent, a. firm ; not fluid ; uniform. 
Con-sls'tent-ly, ad. without contradiction. 

Con-sis'to-ry, n. (L. con, sisto) a spiri- 
tual court ; an assembly. 

Con-sis-to'ri-al, a. relating to a consistory. 

Con-sis-to'ri-an, a. relating to an order of 
presbyterian assemblies. 

Con-so'ci-ate, n. (L. con, socius) a 
partner ; an accomplice. — v. to unite. 

Con-so-ci-a'tion, ft. alliance ; union. 

Con-sole', v. (L. con, solor) to comfort. 
Con-sol'a-ble, a. admitting comfort. 
C6n-so-la'tion, n. comfort; alleviation. 
C6n-so-hVtor, n. one who comforts. 
Con-soTa-to-ry, a. tending to comfort. 
Con-soTer, n. one who gives comfort. 

Con-sol'i-date, v. (L. con, solidus) to 
make or grow solid ; to form into a com- 
pact body ; to unite. — a. formed into a 
compact body ; fixed. 

Con-sol-i-da'tion, n. the act of consolidating. 

Con'so-nant, a. (L. con, sono) agree- 
able ; consistent.—- n. a letter which cannot 
be sounded by itself. 

Con'so-nance, Con'so-nan-cy, n. agreement 
of sound ; consistency ; concord. 

Con'so-nant-ly, ad. consistently ; agreeably. 

Con'so-pite, v. (L. con, sopio) to lull 

asleep; to calm.— a. calmed; quieted. 
Con-so-pi-a'tion, n. a lulling asleep. 

Con'sort, n. (L.con,sors) a companion ; 

a partner ; a wife or husband. 
Con-sort', v. to associate ; to join. 
Con'sort-ship, n. fellowship ; partnership. 

Con-spTc'u-ous, a. (L. con, spccio) ob- 
vious to the sight ; distinguished ; eminent. 

Cdn-spi-cu'i-ty, n. obviousness ; brightness. 

Con-splc'u-ous-ly, ad. obviously ; eminently. 

Con-spf c u-ous-ness, n. exposure to the view ; 
obviousness ; eminence. 

Con-spire', v. (L. con, spiro) to concert 
a crime ; to plot ; to contrive ; to concur. 

Con-splr'a-9y, n. a plot ; a combination. 

Con-splr'ant, a. plotting ; conspiring. 

C6n-spi-ra'tion, n. agreement to an end. 

Con-splr'a-tor, ft. one engaged in a plot. 

Con-splr'er, n. one who conspires. 

Con-splrlng-ly, ad. by conspiracy. 

Con-spis-sa'tion, n. (L. con, spissus) 
the act of thickening ; thickness. 

Con'sta-ble, n. (L. comes, stabulum) an 
officer of the crown ; a peace officer. 

C6n'sta-ble-ship, n. the office of a constable. 

Con'sta-ble-wick, n. district of a constable, 

Con-stab'u-la-ry, a. pertaining to constables. 

Con'stant, a. (L. con, sto) firm ; fixed ; 
unchanging; steady; certain. 

Cdn'stan-cy, n. firmness ; lasting affection. 

Con'stant-ly, ad. perpetually ; firmly. 

Con-stellate, v. (L. con, stella) to shine 
with united radiance ; to unite in splendour. 

Cdn-stel-la r tion, n. a cluster of fixed stars ; 
an assemblage of excellencies. 

Con-ster-na'tion, n. (L. con, sternoi) 
amazement ; surprise ; terror. 

Con'sti-pate,u. (L.con,stipo)to thicken ; 

to condense ; to stop up ; to make costive. 

C6n-sti-pa r tion,n. condensation ; costiveness. 

Con'sti-tute, v. (L. con, statuo) to 
make ; to establish ; to appoint ; to depute. 

Con-stI t'u-ent, a. forming ; composing ; es- 
sential. — that constitutes ; an elector. 

Con'sti-tu-ter, n. one who constitutes. 

COn-sti-tu'tion, n. the act of constituting ; 
the frame of body or mind ; the system of 
laws ; form of government. 

Cdn-sti-tu'tion-al, a. inherent in the consti- 
tution ; consistent with the constitution. 

Con-sti-tu / tion-al-ist, C6n-sti-tu'tion-ist, n.. 
an adherent to a constitution. 

Con-sti-tu'tion-al-ly, ad. legally. 

Con'sti-tu-tive, a. that constitutes. 

Con-strain',v.(L. con, stringo) to force; 

to compel ; to restrain ; to confine. 
Con-strain'a-ble, a. liable to constraint. 
Con-strain'ed-ly, ad. by constraint. 
Con-straint', n. compulsion ; confinement. 
Con-strict', v. to bind; to cramp ; to contract. 
Con-strlc'tion, n. contraction ; compression. 
Con-strlc'tor, n. one that constricts. 
Con-strlnge', v. to compress ; to contract. 
Con-strln'gent, a. binding ; compressing. 

Con-struct', v. (L. con, structum) to 
build ; to form ; to compose ; to devise. 

Con-struc'ter, n. one who constructs. 

Con-struc'tion, n. the act of building ; fabri- 
cation ; the connexion of words in a sen- 
tence ; interpretation. 

Con-struc'tion-al, a. respecting the meaning. 

Con-struc'tive, a. by construction ; deduced. 

Con-struc'tive-ly, ad. by way of construction. 

Con-struc'ture, n. an edifice ; a fabric. 

Con'strue, v. to arrange words in their na- 
tural order ; to interpret ; to explain. 

Con'stu-prate, v. (L. con, stupro) to 

violate ; to debauch ; to defile. 
Con-stu-pra/tion, n. violation; defilement. 

Con-sub-sist r , v. (L. con, sub, sisto) to 
exist together. 

Con-sub-stan'tial, a. (L. con, sub, sto) 

having the same essence or nature. 

C6n-sub-stan'tial-ist, n. one who believes in 

Ctin-sub-stan-ti-aTi-ty, n. existence of more 
than one in the same substance. 

Cdn-sub-stSn^i-ate, v. to unite in one com- 
mon substance or nature. 

Con-sub-stan-ft-a'tion, n. the union of the 
body and blood of Christ with the sacra- 
mental elements. 

Con-sue-tu'di-ria,-Yy, n.CL.con,suetum) 
a ritual of customs and forms. — a. cus- 

Con'sul, n. (L.) the chief magistrate 
in the ancient Roman republic ; an officer 
appointed to protect the commerce of his 
country in foreign parts. 

C&n'su-lar, a. relating to a consul. 

Cdn'su-late, n. the office of consul. 

Fate, fat, far, fall ; me, met, there, her ; pine, pin, field, fir ; note, n6t, nor, move, son ; 




C6n'sul-ship, n. the office of consul, or the 
term of his office. 

Con-suit', v. (L. consulo) to take 
counsel together ; to ask advice of; to re- 
gard ; to plan. — n. the act of consulting ; 
determination ; a council. 

Con-sul-ta'tion, n. the act of consulting. 

Con-sult'a-tive, a. having power to consult. 

Con-sult'er, n. one who consults. 

Con-sume', v. (L. con, sumo) to waste; 
to spend ; to destroy ; to be exhausted. 

Con-sum'a-ble, a. that may be consumed. 

Con-sum'er, n. one who consumes. 

Con-sump'tion, n. the act of consuming ; a 
disease that wastes away. 

Con-sump'tive, a. wasting; destructive; af- 
fected with consumption. 

Con-sump'tive-ly, ad. in a consumptive way. 

Con-sum'mate, v. (L. con, summus) to 

complete ; to perfect. — a.complete ; perfect. 

Con-sum'mate-ly, ad. completely ; perfectly. 

C6n-sum-nia'tion, n. completion ; perfection. 

Con-tab 'u-late, v. (L. con, tabula) to 
floor with boards. 

Con'tact, n. (L. con, tactum) touch ; 

close union ; juncture. 
Con-tac/tion, n. the act of touching. 
Con-ta'gion, n. communication of disease by 

contact ; infection ; pestilence. 
Con-ta'gious, a. caught by contact. 
Con-ta'gious-ness, n. the being contagious. 

Con-tain', v. (L. con, teneo) to hold ; to 
comprehend ; to comprise ; to restrain. 

Con-tain'a-ble, a. that may be contained. 

Con-tiiin'er, n. one that contains. 

Con-tent', n. that which is contained. 

Con'ti-nence, COn'ti-nen^y, n. restraint ; 
spif-command ; chastity. 

Cfin'ti-nent, a. chaste ; temperate. — n. a large 
portion of land containing several countries. 

Con-ti-nent'al, a. relating to a continent. 

C6n'ti-nent-ly, ad. chastely ; temperately. 

Con-tam'i-nate, v. (L. contamino) to 

defile ; to pollute ; to corrupt.— a. polluted. 

Con-tam-i-na'tion, n. pollution ; defilement. 

despise; to scorn ; to disregard ; to neglect. 

Con-tSm'ner, n. one who contemns. 

Con-tempt', n. the act of despising ; the state 
of being despised ; scorn ; vileness ; disgrace. 

Con-temp'ti-ble, a. worthy of contempt. 

(.'on-temp'ti-ble-ness, n. meanness; baseness. 

Con-temp'ti-bly, ad. meanly; basely. 

Con-temp'tu-ous, a. scornful ; apt to despise. 

Con-t6mp'tu-ous-ly , ad. in a scornful manner. 

Con-tem'per, v. (L. con, tempero) to 

moderate ; to reduce to a lower degree. 
Con-tSm'per-a-ment, n. degree of quality. 
Con-teWper-ate, v. to moderate ; to temper. 
Con-tSm-per-a'tion, n. act of moderating. 

Con-tem'plate, v. (L. con, templum) to 
study; to meditate; to consider; to intend. 
Con-tem-pla'tion, n. studious thought. 
Con-tern'pla-tive, a. given to thought. 
Con-tem'pla-tive-ly, ttd. with deep attention. 
C6n'tem-pla-tor, n. one who contemplates. 

Con-tem'po-ra-ry, a. (L. con, tempus) 

living or existing at the same time. — n. odp 

who lives at the same time. 
Con-tgm-po-ra'ne-ous, a. living or existing 

at the same time. 
Con-tem'po-ra-ri-ness, n. existence at the 

same time. 
Con-tem'po-rI§e, v. to make contemporary. 
Con-tend', v. (L. con, tendo) to strive ; 

to struggle ; to vie ; to dispute ; to contest. 
Con-tgnd'er, n. a combatant ; a champion. 
Con-tSn'tion, n. strife ; debate ; contest. 
Con-tSn'tious,a. given to strife ; quarrelsome. 
Con-ten'tious-ly, ad. quarrelsomely. 
Con-ten'tious-ness, n. proneness to contest. 

Con-tent', a. (L. con, tentum) satisfied; 

easy; quiet. — v. to satisfy; to please. — 

n. satisfaction ; acquiescence. 
Con-tent'ed, p. a. satisfied ; not repining. 
Con-tent'ed-ly, ad. In a contented manner. 
Con-tent'ed-ness, n. state of being content. 
Con-tent'ful, a. perfectly content. 
Con-tent'less, a. dissatisfied ; uneasy. 
Con-tent'ment,n.acquiescence ; gratification. 

Con-ter'mi-na-ble,tf. (L. con, terminus) 

capable of the same bounds. 
Con-teVmi-nate, a. having the same bounds. 
Con-teVmi-nous, a. bordering upon. 

Con-ter-ra'ne-an, a. (L. con, terra) of 

the same land or country. 
Con-tes-ser-a'tion, n. (L. con, tessera) 

a variety ; assemblage ; collection. 
Con-test', v. (L. con, testis) to dispute 

to strive ; to contend ; to vie. 
Con'test, n. dispute ; debate ; quarrel. 
Con-tes-ta'tion, n. act of contesting; debate. 
Con-tSst'ing-ly, ad. in a contesting manner. 
Con-tSst'less, a. not to be disputed. 

Context, n. (L. con, iextum) the series 
of a discourse ; the parts that precede and 
follow a sentence. 

Con-tCxt', a. knit together ; firm. 

Con-tex'ture, n. composition of parts. 

Con-t ex'tu-ral,a. relating to the human frame. 

Con-tig-nfi'tion, ??. (L. con, tignum) a 
frame of beams ; the act of framing. 

Con-tig'u-ous, a. (h.con, tango) meet- 
ing so as to touch ; bordering upon. 
Con-ti-gu'i-ty, n. a touching ; actual contact. 
Con-tlg'u-ous-ly, ad. in a manner to touch. 
Con-tlg'u-ous-ness, n. state of contact. 

Con'ti-nence. See under Contain. 

Con-tin'^ent, a. (L. eon, tango) hap- 
pening by chance ; depending on some- 
thing else. — n. chance ; proportion. 

Con-tIn'gen9e, Con-tln'pen-cy, n. the quality 
of being contingent ; a casualty; anaccident. 

Con-tln'gent-ly, ad. accidentally. 

Con-tin'ue, v. (L. con, teneo) to remain 
in the same state or place ; to last ; to per- 
severe ; to protract ; to extend. 

Con-tln'u-al, a. incessant ; uninterrupted. 

Con-tln'u-al-ly, ad. unceasingly. 

Con-tln'u-al-ness, n. permanence. 

Con-tln'u-ance, n. duration ; permanence ; 
perseverance ; abode ; progression of time. 

Con-tln'u-ate, v. to join closely together.— 
a. immediately united ; uninterrupted. 

tube, tub, full ; cry> cr^pt, myrrh ; toll, b&y, Our, nOw, new; 9ede, gem, raije, exist, thin. 




Con-tln'u-ate-ly, ad. without interruption. 
Con-tIn-u-a'tion,n. uninterrupted succession. 
Con-tln'u-a-tive, n. that which continues. 
Con-tln'u-a-tor, n. one who continues. 
Con-tln'u-ed-ly, ad. without interruption. 
Con-tln'u-er, n. one who continues. 
Cftn-ti-nu'i-ty, n. uninterrupted connexion. 
Con-tln'u-ous, a. joined without interruption. 
Con-tln'u-ous-ly, ad. without interruption. 

Con-tort', v. (L. con, tortum) to twist. 
Con-tor'tion, n. a twist ; wry motion. 

Con-tour', n. (Fr.) outline of a figure. 

Con'tra-band, a. (L. contra, It. hando) 
prohibited ; illegal.—?!, illegal traffic. 

Con-tract', v. ih.con, tr actum) to draw 
together ; to lessen ; to abridge ; to bar- 
gain ; to betroth ; to affiance ; to acquire ; 
to shrink up. 

COn'tract, n. a covenant ; a bargain ; a com- 
pact ; a writing containing an agreement. 

Con-tric'ted, a. narrow ; mean ; selfish. 

Con-trac'ted-ly, ad. in a contracted manner. 

Con-trac'ted-ness, n. the being contracted. 

Con-trac'ti-ble, a. capable of contraction. 

Con-trac-ti-bll'i-ty, n. the being contractible. 

Con-trac'tile, a. having power to contract. 

Con-trac'tion, n. the act of drawing together ; 
an abridging ; a shrinking ; abbreviation. 

Con-trac'tor, n. one who contracts. 

Con-tra-dict',v. (L. contra, dictum) to 
oppose verbally ; to assert the contrary. 

COn-tra-dlc'ter, n. one who contradicts. 

COn-tra-dlc'tion, n. verbal opposition ; in- 
consistency; contrariety. 

Cftn-tra-dlc'tion-al, a. inconsistent. 

Cdn-tra-dlc'tious, a. inclined to contradict. 

COn-tra-dlc'tious-ness, n. inconsistency. 

Con-tra-dlc'to-ry, a. opposite to ; incon- 
sistent with. — n. a contrary proposition. 

C6n-tra-dIc'to-ri-ly, ad. inconsistently. 

C6n-tra-dIc'to-ri-ness, n. entire opposition. 

Con-tra-dis-tin'guish, v. (L. contra, dis, 
stinguo) to distinguish by opposite qualities. 

C6n-tra-dis-tlnct', a. of opposite qualities. 

C6n-tra-dis-tInc'tion, n. distinction by oppo- 
site qualities. 

Con-tra-dis-tlnc'tive, a. opposite in qualities. 

Con-tra-m'di-cate, v. (L. contra, in, 
dico) to point out a symptom or cure con- 
trary to the general tenor of a disorder. 

C&n-tra-In'di-cant, Ccm-tra-In-di-ca'tion, n. 
a symptom forbidding the usual treatment 
of a disorder. 

Con-tra-nat'u-ral, a. (L. contra, natum ) 
opposite to nature. 

Con-tra-po-si'tion, n. (L. contra, posi- 
tum) a placing over against. 

Con-tra-punt'ist, n. (L. contra, punc- 
tum) one skilled in counterpoint. 

Con-tra-reg-u-lar'i-ty, n. (L. contra, 
rego) contrariety to rule. 

C3n'tra-ry, a. (L. contra) opposite ; 
contradictory ; adverse.— n. a thing of op- 
posite qualities ; a contrary proposition. 

Con-tra'ri-ant, a. inconsistent ; opposite. 

Con-tra-rl'e-ty, n. opposition ; inconsistency. 

Cdn'tra-ri-ly, ad. in a contrary manner. 

Con-tra'ri-ous, a. opposite ; repugnant. 
Con-tra'ri-ous-ly, ad. oppositely ; contrarily. 
COn'tra-ri-wIse, ad. conversely; oppositely. 

Con-trast', v. (L. contra, sto) to place 
in opposition, so as to exhibit the difference. 
C6n'trast, n. opposition ; dissimilitude. 

Con'tra-ten-or. See Countertenor. 

Con-tra-val-la'tion, n. (L. contra, val- 
lum) a fortification round a city, to prevent 
the sallies of the besieged. 

Con-tra-vene', v. (L. contra, venio) to 

oppose ; to obstruct ; to baffle. 
Cdn-tra-ven'er, n. one who opposes. 
COn-tra-ven'tion, n. opposition ; obstruction. 

Con-tra-ver'sion,n. (L. contra,versum) 
a turning to the opposite side. 

Con-trec-ta'tion, n. (L. con, tracto) a 
touching or handling. 

Con-trlb'ute, v. (L. con, tributum) to 
give to a common stock ; to bear a part. 

Con-trlb'u-ta-ry, a. paying tribute to the 
same sovereign. 

Con-tri-bu'tion, n. the act of contributing ; 
that which is given to a common stock. 

Con-trlb'u-tive, a. tending to contribute. 

Con-trlb'u-tor, n. one who contributes. 

Con-trlb'u-to-ry, a. promoting the same end. 

Con'trite, a. (L. con, tritum) worn 

with sorrow ; grieved for sin ; penitent. 
Con-trl'tion, n. sorrow for sin ; penitence. 

Con-trive', v. (L. con, Fr. trouver) to 
plan ; to devise ; to invent ; to scheme. 

Con-trlv'a-ble, a. that may be contrived. 

Con-trlv'ance, n. the act of contriving ; the 
thing contrived ; a plan ; a scheme. 

Con-trlve'ment, n. invention ; contrivance. 

Con-trlv'er, n. an inventor ; a schemer. 

Con-trol', n. (Fr. contre, role) check ; 

restraint ; power ; authority. — v. to check ; 

to restrain ; to govern. 
Con-troTla-ble, a. subject to control. 
Con-trOl'ler, n. one who controls or directs. 
Con-troTler-ship, n. the office of controller. 
Con-troTment, n. the act of controlling. 

Con-tro-vert', v. (L. contra, verto) to 
dispute ; to debate ; to contend against. 

C&n'tro-ver-sy, n. dispute ; debate ; quarrel. 

Con-tro-veVsial, a. relating to controversy. 

COn-tro-ver'sial-ist, C6n'tro-vert-er, Con'- 
tro-vert-ist, n. one engaged in controversy ; 
a disputant. 

Con-tro-vert'i-ble, a. disputable. 

Con'tu-ma-cy, n. (L. con, turned) obsti- 
nacy ; stubbornness ; perverseness. 
Cfln-tu-ma'cious, a. obstinate ; stubborn. 
Con-tu-ma'^ious-ly, ad. obstinately. 
COn-tu-ma'^ious-ness, n. obstinacy. 

Con'tu-me-ly, n. (L. con, tumeo) rude- 
ness ; insolence ; reproach. 
Con-tu-me'li-ous, a. reproachful ; rude. 
COn-tu-me'li-ous-ly, ad. reproachfully. 
COn-tu-me'li-ous-ness,/!. rudeness ; reproach. 

Con-tuse', v. CL.con,tusum) to bruise. 
Con-tu'§ion, n. act of beating ; a bruise. 

Co-nun'drum, n. a low jest ; a riddle. 

Fate, fat, far, fall; me, m6t, there, her; pine, pin, field, fir; note, not, nor, move, son; 




Con-va-les'cent, a. (L. con, valeo) re- 
covering health after sickness. 

C6n-va-leVcence, C6n-va-leYcen-cy, n. re- 
newal of health ; recovery from sickness. 

Con-vene', v. (L. con, venio) to come 
together ; to assemble ; to call together. 

Con-ven'a-ble, a. that may be convened. 

Con-v6n'er, n. one who convenes. 

Con-ven'ing, n. the act of coming together. 

Con-ve'ni-ence, Con-ve'ni-en-cy, n. fitness ; 
commodiousness ; accommodation. 

Con-ve'ni-ent, a. fit ; suitable ; commodious. 

Con-vg'ni-ent-ly, ad. commodiously ; fitly. 

Con- vent', v. to call before a judge ; to meet. 

Consent, n. an assembly of religious per- 
sons ; an abbey ; a nunnery ; a monastery. 

Con-vent'u-al, a. belonging to a convent. — n. 
one who lives in a convent ; a monk ; a nun. 

Con-ven'ti-cle, n. an assembly for worship. 

Con- v6n'ti-cler,n.a frequenter of con venticles. 

Con-v6n'tion, n. an assembly ; a contract. 

Con-ven'tion-al, a. agreed on by compact. 

Con-veVtion-a-ry, a. acting upon contract. 

Con-v6n'tion-ist,«.one who makes a contract. 

Con-verge', v. (L. con, vergo) to tend to 
one point ; to incline and approach nearer. 

Con-veVgen-cy, n. tendency to one point. 

Con-veVpnt, Con-ver'ging, a. tending to 
one point. 

Con-verse', v. (L. con, versum) to hold 
intercourse ; to talk familiarly. 

COn'verse, n. familiar talk; acquaintance. 

Con-ver'sa-bie, a. qualified for conversation. 

C6n'ver-sant, a. acquainted with ; familiar. 

COn-ver-sa'tion, n. familiar discourse ; talk. 

CCn-ver-sa'tion-al, a. relating to conversa- 
tion; conversable. 

Con-veVsa-tive, Con-ver'sive, a. relating to 
public life ; sociable. 

Con-ver-saz-i-o'ne, con-ver-sat-zi-d'ne, n. 
(It.) a meeting of company. 

Con-vert', v. (L. con, verto) to change 
into another form or state ; to turn. 

Convert, n. one who is converted. 

Con'verse, n. an opposite proposition. 

Con-verse'ly, ad. with change of order. 

Con-veVsion, n. the act of converting ; change 
into another form or state. 

Con-vert'er, n. one who converts. 

Con-vert'i-ble, a. that may be converted. 

Con-vert-i-bll'i-ty, n. the being convertible. 

Con-vert'i-bly, ad. reciprocally. 

Con' vex, a. (L. con, vectum) rising in 

a circular form ; opposed to concave. — 

n. a convex body. 
Con-vSxed', a. made convex. 
Con-vex'ed-ly, ad. in a convex form. 
Con-vgx'i-ty, n. a globular form. 
Con'vex-ly, ad. in a convex form. 
Con-vgx'o-cOn'cave, a. convex on one side, 

and concave on the other. 
Con-vey', v. (L. con, veho) to carry ; 

to transmit ; to transfer ; to impart. 
Con-yey'ance, n. the act of conveying; that 

which conveys ; a deed for transferring 

Con-vey'an-cer, n. on^ who draws deeds for 

transferring property. 
Con-vey'an-cing, n. the act or practice of 

drawing deeds for transferring property. 

Con-vey'er, n. one who conveys. 

Con-vi-cm'i-ty, n. (L. con, vicinm) 

neighbourhood ; nearness. 

Con-vmce', v. (L. con, vinco) to make 
sensible* of by proof ; to satisfy; to persuade. 

Con-vict', v. to prove guilty. 

COn'vict, n. one found guilty. 

Con-vlc'tion, n. the act of" proving guilty; 
the act of convincing ; the state of being 

Con-vic'tive, a. having power to convince. 

Con-vlc'tive-ly, ad. in a convincing manner. 

Con-vlnce'inent, n. the act of convincing. 

Con-vln'cer, n. one that convinces. 

Con-vln r gi-ble,a. that may be convinced. 

Con-vln'ging, a. persuading by evidence. 

Con-vln'cing-ly, ad. in a convincing manner. 

Con-viv'ial, a. (L. con, vivo) relating 

to an entertainment ; festive ; social. 
Con-vlv-i-al'i-ty, 7i. convivial disposition. 

Con-voke', v. (L. con, voco) to call to- 
gether ; to summon to an assembly. 
COn'vo-cate, r. to summon to an assembly. 
Cfin-vo-ca'tion, n. an assembly. 

Con-volve', v. (L. con, volvo) to roll 

together ; to roll one part on another. 
Con'vo-lut-ed, a. rolled upon itself ; twisted. 
COn-vo-lu'tion, n. the act of rolling together. 

Con-voy', v. (L. con, veho) to accom- 
pany for defence ; to escort. 
COn'vby, n. attendance for defence. 

Con-vulse', v. (L. con, vulsum) to affect 

by violent motion ; to shake. 
Con-vul'sion, n. violent motion ; tumult. 
Con-vul'sive, a. producing convulsion. 

Con'y, n. (D. konyn) a rabbit ; a sim- 
Con'y-biir-row, n. a rabbit's hole. 
Con'y-catch, v. to cheat ; to trick ; to deceive. 

C66, v. to cry as a dove or pigeon. 
C66'ing, n. the note of the dove. 

Cook, v. (L. coquo) to dress and pre- 
pare victuals for the table. — n. one who 
prepares victuals. 

Cook'er-y, n. the art of dressing victuals. 

C66k'mSid, n. a maid that dresses victuals. 

C66k'r66m, n. a place for dressing victuals. 

Cool, a. (S. col) somewhat cold ; not 
ardent.— n. a moderate state of cold.— v. to 
make cool. 

C661'er, n. one that cools. 

Cool'ish, a. rather cool. 

Coolly, ad. without heat or passion. 

Cool'ness, n. gentle cold ; indifference. 

Cdol'head-ed, a. without passion. 

Coop, n. (L. enpa) a barrel ; a ca^re ; 

a pen for animals.— v. to shut up ; to confine. 
Cdop'er, n. one who makes barrels. 
C66p'er-age, n. price for cooper's work ; a 

place where a cooper works. 

Co-op'er-ate, v. (L. con, opus) to work 

together ; to labour for the same end. 
Co-6p-er-a'tion,?i.the act of working together. 
Co-Op'er-a-tive, a. promoting the same end. 
Co-op'er-a-tor, n. one who co-operates. 

tube, tub, full; cry, crypt, myrrh ; t6Il, bOy, Our, n5w, new ; cede, gem, raise, exist, thin. 




Co-op-ta'tion, n. (L. con, oplo) adop- 
tion ; assumption. 

Co-6r'di-nate, a. (L. con, ordo) holding 
the same rank ; not subordinate. 

Co-or'di-nate-ly, ad. in the same rank. 

Co-or-di-na'tion, n. equality in rank. 

Coot, n. (D. koet) a small black water- 

Cop, n. (S.) the head ; the top. 
Cope, n. a cover for the head ; a priest's 
cloak ; an arch. — v. to cover as with a cope. 
Cop'ing, n. the top or cover of a wall. 
Copped, a. rising to a top or head. 
Cop'pled, a. rising in a conical form. 

Co-par'ce-ner, n. (L. con, pars) one 
who has an equal share of an inheritance. 
Co-par'ce-na-ry, n. joint heirship. 
Co-part'ner, who has a share in business. 
Co-part'ner-ship, n. joint concern in business. 

Cope, v. (S. ceapian ?) to contend ; to 
strive ; to encounter ; to interchange kind- 
ness or sentiments. 

Copes'mate, n. a companion ; a friend. 

Co-per / ni-can,a.relating to Copernicus. 

Co'pi-ous,a.(L. copia) plentiful ; ample. 
Co'pi-ous-ly, ad. plentifully ; largely. 
Co'pi-ous-ness, n. plenty ; exuberance. 

Cop'per, n. (L. cuprum) a metal ; a 

large boiler. — a. consisting of copper. — v. 

to ©over with copper. 
Cop'per-ish, a. containing or like copper. 
C6p'per-y, a. containing copper ; like copper. 
Cop'per-nose, n. a red nose. 
C&p'per-plate, n. a plate on which designs 

are engraved ; an impression from the plate. 
Cop'per-smlth, n. one who works in copper. 
Cop'per-work, n. a place where copper is 

worked or manufactured. 
Cop'per-as, n. sulphate of iron ; green vitriol. 

Cop'pice, n. (Gr. kopto\ ) wood of small 
growth ; wood cut at stated times for fuel. 

Cftpse, n. a wood of small trees ; a place 
overgrown with short wood. — v. to preserve 

Cftp'sy, a. having copses. 

Cop'u-la, n. (L.) the term that unites 
the subject and predicate of a proposition. 

Cop'u-late, v. to unite ; to conjoin ; to come 
together sexually.— a. joined. 

Cftp-u-la'tion, n. embrace of the sexes. 

Cop'u-la-tive, a. that unites or couples. — 
n. a conjunction. 

Cop'y, n. (Fr. copie) a manuscript ; 

an imitation ; a transcript ; a pattern ; 

an individual book. — v. to transcribe ; to 

Cop'i-er, C&p'y-ist, n. one who copies. 
C6p'y-book, n. a book in which copies are 

written for learners to imitate. 
CSp'y-hold, n. a tenure by copy of court roll. 
C6p'y-hold-er, having right of copyhold. 
Cop'y-rJght, n. the property which an author 

or his assignee has in a literary work. 

Co-quette', co-ket', n. (Fr.) a vain 

female, who endeavours to gain admirers. 
Co-quet', v. to act the lover from vanity. 
Co-quet'ry, n. trifling in love. 

Co-qugt'tish, a. practising coquetry. 

Cor'a-cle, n. (W. cwrwgle) a boat used 
by fishers. 

Cor'al, n. (Gr. koralliori) a hard cal- 
careous substance found in the ocean ; a 
child's toy. — a. made of coral. 

Ctir'al-line, a. consisting of coral. — n. a ma- 
rine production ; a sea-plant. 

Cfir'al-l&Id, C6r-al-16Id'al, a. like coral. 

Co-rant', n. (L. curro) a dance. 
C6rlDan,w. (H.) an alms-basket ; a gift. 

Cord, n. (Gr. chorde) a string ; a rope ; 

a sinew. — v. to bind with cords. 
Cord'age, n. a quantity of cords ; ropes. 
Cord'ed, a. bound with cords ; furrowed. 
Cor-de-lier', n. a Franciscan friar. 
Cordon, cor'dong, n. (Fr.) a line of military 


Cor'di-al, a. (L. cor) proceeding from 
the heart ; sincere ; reviving.— n. a medi- 
cine or drink for reviving the spirits ; any 
thing that comforts or exhilarates. 

Cor-di-aH-ty, n. heartiness ; sincerity. 

COVdi-al-ly, ad. heartily ; sincerely. 

Core, n. the heart ; the inner part. 

Cor'do- van, n. a kind of leather, origi- 
nally from Cordova in Spain. 
Cord'wain-er, Cord'i-ner, n. a shoemaker. 

Co-re^ent, n. (L. con, rego) a joint 
regent or governor. 

Co-ri-a'geous, a. (L. corium) consisting 
of leather ; resembling leather. 

Cd-Yi-&n.'der,n.(L.coria?i,drum) a plant. 

Co-rfval. See Corrival. 

Cork, n. (L. cortex) a tree, and its 

bark ; a stopple. — v. to stop with corks. 
Cork'y, a. consisting of cork ; like cork 
Cork'ing-pln, n. a pin of the largest size. 

Cor'mo-rant, n. (L. corvus,marinus) a 
bird that preys upon fish ; a glutton. 

C6rn,n. (S.) seeds which grow in ears ; 
grain. — v. to form into grains ; to sprinkle 
with salt ; to preserve with salt. 

C6rn / y, a. containing corn. 

Corn'chand-ler, n. one who retails corn. 

Cornfield, n. a field where corn is growing. 

Corn'flOor, n. a floor for storing corn. 

C6rn r heap, n. a store of corn. 

Corn'mlll, n. a mill to grind corn. 

Corn'plpe, n. a pipe made of a stalk of corn. 

Con/wain, n. a waggon loaded with corn. 

Cor'ne-ous, a. (L. cornu) horny ; re- 
sembling horn. 

Corn, n. an excrescence on the feet. 

Corn'age, n. an ancient tenure of lands, 
whicli obliged the tenant to give notice of 
invasion by blowing a horn. 

Corme-a, n. the horny coat of the eye. 

C6r / ni-cle, n. a little horn. 

Cor-nlc'u-late, Cor-nlg'er-ous, a. horned. 

Cor-nute', v. to bestow horns ; to cuckold. 

Cor-nut'ed, a. having horns ; cuckolded. 

Cor-nu'to, n. a man with horns ; a cuckold. 

Cor-nu'tor, n. a cuckold-maker. 

Fate, fat, far, fall; me, m6l, there, her; pine, pin, field, fir; note, not, nor, m6ve, sdnrf 




Corn'cut-ter, n. one who extirpates corns. 
Cor'nel, Cor-neTian-tree, n. a plant. 
Cor-nu-eo'pi-a, n. (L.) the horn of plenty. 

Cor-neTian-stone. See Carnelian. 

Cor'ner, n. (L. cornu) an angle ; a 

secret or remote place ; the utmost limit. 
CoVnered, a. having corners or angles. 
Cor'ner-stone, n. the stone which unites two 

walls at the corner ; the principal stone. 

Cor'net, n. (L. cornu) a musical in- 
strument ; an officer who bears the stan- 
dard of a troop of cavalry. 

C6Vnet-cy, n. the commission of a cornet. 

Cor'net-er, n. a blower of the cornet. 

Cor'nish, a. relating to Cornu- all. — n. 
the people or language of Cornwall. 

Cor'ol-la-ry, n. (L. corolla) a conclu- 
sion ; an inference ; a consequence ; surplus. 

Co-ro'na, n. (L.) the large flat member 

of a cornice, which crowns the entablature. 
Cornice, n. the top of a wall or column. 
C6r'o-nal, n. a crown ; a garland. 
Co-r6'nal, a. belonging to the top of the head. 
C6r'o-na-ry, a. relating to a crown. 
C6r-o-na'tion,n.act or solemnity of crowning. 
C6r'o-ner, n. an officer who inquires into the 

cause of any casual or violent death. 
COr'o-net, n. a crown worn by the nobilit}'. 

Cor'po-ral, n. kYv. caporal) the lowest 
officer of infantry. 

Cor'po-ral, a. (L. corpus) relating to 

the body ; material ; not spiritual. 
Cor'po-ral, Cor'po-rale, n. a linen cloth used 

to cover the sacred elements in the eucharist. 
Cor-po-ral'i-ty, n. state of being embodied. 
Cor'po-ral-ly, ad. bodily ; in the body. 
Cor'po-rate, a. united in a body; general. 
C6Vpo-rate-ly, ad. in a corporate capacity. 
Cor-po-ra'tion, n. a body politic, or society, 

authorized by law to act as a single person. 
Cor-po're-al, a. having a body ; not spiritual. 
Cor-po're-al-ist, n. a materialist. 
Cor-po're-al-ly,« a bodily form or manner. 
Cor-po-re'i-ty, n. the state of having a body. 
Cor-po're-ous, a. having a body ; bodily. 
Corps, cor, n. (Ft.) a body of soldiers. 
Corpse, Corse, ». a dead body. 
COVpu-lence, Cor'pu-len-cy, n. bulkiness of 

body ; fleshiness ; excessive fatness. 
Cor'pu-lent, a. bulky ; fleshy; fat. 
Cor'pus-cle, n. a small body ; a particle. 
Cor-pus'cu-lar, a. relating: to corpuscles. 
Cor-pus-cu-la'ri-an, a. relating to bodies. — n. 

an advocate for the corpuscular philosophy. 
Corse'let, n. light armour for the body. 
CoVset, n. (Ft.) a bodice for a woman. 

Cor-ra-di-a'tion. n. (L. con, radius) a 
conjunction of rays in one point. 

Cor-rect', v. (L. con, rectum) to make 
right ; to amend ; to chastise ; to punish. — 
a. free from faults ; right ; accurate. 

Cor-rec'tion, n. the act of correctiP5 ; amend- 
ment ; discipline ; punishment. 

Cor-reVtive, a. havin? power to correct. — 
n. that which corrects. 

Cor-rect'ly, ad. in a correct manner. 

Cor-rect'ness, n. accuracy ; exactness. 

Cor-rgc'tor, n. one who corrects. 

tube, tQb, full ; cry, crypt, myrrh ; toil, boy, Our, nOw, new ; cede, gem, raise, exist, thin. 


Cor-reg'i-dor, n. (Sp.) a Spanish magistrate, 
Cdi^ri-^i-ble, a. that may be corrected. 

Cor're-late, n. (L. con, re, latum) one 
that stands in an opposite relation. 

Cor-reTa-tive, a. having a reciprocal relation. 
— n. that which has a reciprocal relation. 

Cor-rep'tion, n. (h.con,raptum) chid- 
ing; reproof; reprehension. 

Cor-re-spond', v. (L. con, re, spondeo) 
to suit ; to answer ; i o agree ; to be pro- 
portionate ; to hold intercourse by letters. 

Cor-re-spcm'dence, Cor-re-spon'den-cy, n. 
relation ; fitness ; intercourse ; interchange 
of letters or civilities. 

C6r-re-sp6n'dent, a. suitable ; adapted. — n. 
one who holds intercourse by letters. 

Cor-re-spon'dent-ly, ad. suitably ; fitly. 

C6r-re-spon'ding, p. a. answering ; agreeing. 

Cor-re-spdn'sive, a. answerable ; adapted. 

CdVri-dor, n. (Fr.) a gallery round a 
building ; a covered way round a fortifica- 
tion ; a passage ; a long aisle. 

Cor-rrval, n. (L. con, rivus) a fellow 

rival. — a. contending. — v. to vie with. 
Cor-rl'val-ryjCor-rl'val-ship, n. competition. 

Cor'ri-vate, v. (L. con, rivus) to draw 

water out of several streams into one. 
CCr-ri-va'tion, ft. the uniting of waters. 

Cor-rob'o-rate, v. (L. con, robur) to 
strengthen ; to confirm. — a. confirmed. 

Cor-rob'o-rant, a. giving strength. 

Cor-rOb-o-ra'tion, n. the act of confirmir,?. 

Cor-rOb'o-ra-tive, a. strengthening.— n. that 
which increases strength. 

Cor-rode', v. (L. con, rodo) to eat away 
by degrees ; to prey upon ; to consume. 

Cor-ro'dent, a. having the power of corrod- 
ing. — n. that which eats away. 

Cor-ro'di-ate, v. to eat away by degrees. 

Cor-ro'di-ble. a. that may be corroded. 

Cor-ro-si-bll'i-ty, n. the being corrodible. 

Cor-ro'sion, n. act of eating away by degrees. 

Cor-ro'sive, a. consuming; wearing away; 
fretting; vexing. — n. that which consumes. 

Cor-rO'sive-ly, ad. in a corrosive manner. 

Cor-ro'sive-ness, n. the quality of corroding. 

Cor'ru-gatejU.CL. con,rupa) to wrinkle ; 

to purse up. — a. contracted. 
C6r-ru-ga'tion, n. contraction into wrinkles. 

Cor-riipt' ',v .(h.con ,ruptum) to change 
from a sound to a putrid state ; to deprave ; 
to pervert ; to bribe.— a. tainted ; un- 
sound ; vicious. 

Cor-rupt'er, n. one who corrupts. 

Cor-rup'ti-ble, a. that may be corrupted. 

Cor-rup-ti-bll'i-ty, n. the being corruptible. 

Cor-rup'ti-bly, ad. in a corrupt manner. 

Cor-rup'tion, n. wickedness ; perversion 
putrescence ; taint ; bribery. 

Cor-rup'tive, a. tending to corrupt. 

Cor-rupt'less, a. free from corruption. 

Cor-rupt'ly, ad. in a corrupt manner. 

Cor-rupt'ness, n. the state of being corrupt. 

Cor-rup'tress, n. a female who corrupts. 

Cor'sair, n. CL.cursum) a pirate. 
Corse. See under Corporal. 




Cors'ned, n. (S. cors, snced) the morsel 
of execration, a piece of bread to be swal- 
lowed as a trial of innocence. 

Cor-tege', cor-tazh', n. (Fr.^ a train of 

Cor'tex, n. (L.) bark ; the cover. 
Cor'ti-cal, a. belonging to the bark. 
Corti-cat-ed, a. resembling bark. 

Co-rus'cate, v. (L. corusco) to flash. 
Co-rus'cant, a. flashing ; glittering. 
C6r-us-ca'tion, n. a sudden burst of light. 

Cor-vette', n. (Fr.) an advice-boat. 

Cor'vo-rant. See Cormorant. 

Cor-y-ban'tic,a. (L. Corybantes) madly 

Cor-y-phe'us, n. (Gr. koruphe) the 
chief of a company. 

Cos-met'ic, n. (Gr. kosmos) a prepara- 
tion to improve beauty. — a. beautifying. 

Coymi-cal, a. (Gr. kosmos) relating to 
the world ; rising or setting with the sun. 

C6ymi-cal-ly, ad. with the sun. 

Cos-mog'o-ny, n. the creation of the world. 

Co§-mOg / o-nist, n. one who describes creation. 

Cos-m6g / ra-phy, n. the science which treats 
of the general system of the world. 

Cos i -m6g'ra-pher, n. a describer of the world. 

C6§-mo-graph'i-cal, a. describing the world. 

Co^-mo-graph'i-cal-ly, ad. in a manner re- 
lating to the structure of the world. 

Co^-mo-plas'tic, a. forming the world. 

Cos-niop'o-lite, n. a citizen of the world. 

Cost, n. (Ger. kost) price ; charge ; 
expense ; luxury ; loss. — v. to be bought 
for; tobehad^itaprice: p. t. and p.p. cOst. 

Cftst'less, a. without expense. 

COst'ly, a. expensive ; of a high price. 

Cost'li-ness, n. expensiveness. 

Cos'tal, a. (L. costa) belonging to the 
ribs or side. 

Cos'tard,?i.ahead ; a large round apple. 
Cds'tard-mon-ger, C6s'ter-mon-ger, n. a 
dealer in apples ; a fruiterer. 

Cos'tive, a. (L. con, stipoV) bound in 

body ; constipated : ciose ; cold ; formal. 
Cos'tive-ness, n. state of being costive. 

Cos-tume', n. (Fr. coutume) style or 
mode of dress. 

Co-suf fer-er, n. (L. con, sub,fero) one 
who suffers along with another. 

Co-su-preme', n. (L. con, supremus) a 
partaker of supremacy. 

Cot, n. (S. cotci) a small house ; a hut ; 

a sheep-fold ; a bed ; a hammock. 
Cote, n. a cottage ; a sheep-fold. 
Cdt'tage, n. a small house ; a hut. 
C6t'taged, a. having cottages. 
CSt'tage-ly, a. suitable to a cottage. 
Cot'ta-ger, n. one who lives in a cottage. 
C&t'ter) Cdtt'ier, n. one who lives in a cot. 

Co-tem'po-ra-ry. See Contemporary. 

Cot'er-ie, n. (Fr.) a friendly or fashion- 
able association. 
Co-til'lon, co-til'yong, n. (Fr.) a brisk 

lively dance. 

Cot'quean, n. (Fr. eoguin ?) a man who 
busies himself with women's affairs. 

Cot'ton, n. (L. cotoneum I) a plant ; 

the down of the cotton-plant ; clotn made 

of cotton. — a. pertaining to cotton ; made 

of cotton. 
C6t'ton-ous, C6t'ton-y, a. full of cotton; 

soft like cotton ; downy. 

Cot-y-le'don, n. (Gr. kotule) a seed lobe. 

Couch, v. (Fr. coucher) to lie down ; to 
stoop ; to repose ; to include ; to rix a spear 
in the rest ; to remove a cataract from the 
eye. — n a seat of repose ; a bed. 

Couch'ant, a. lying down. 

Couch'ee, cush'ee, n. (Fr.) bedtime. 

C6u9h'er, n. one who couches cataracts. 

Coufh'ing, n. the act of bending. 

Cftiiflr'fei-low, n. a bedfellow ; a companion. 

COfi^h'grass, n. a weed. 

Cough, cof, n. (D. kucli) a convulsion 
of the lungs.— v. to have the lungs con- 
vulsed ; to eject by a cough. 

Could, cud, p. t. of can. 

Coul'ter, n. (L. cutter) the fore iron 
of a plough, which cuts the earth. 

Coun'cil, n. (L. concilium) an assembly 
for consultation, deliberation, or advice; 
the body of privy counsellors. 

Con-cll'iar, a. relating to a council. 

Cftun^il-lor, n. a member of a council. 

CSun^il-board, C&un'cil-ta-ble, n. the table 
round which a council deliberates. 

Coun'sel, n. (L. consilium) advice ; di- 
rection ; consultation ; secrecy ; an advo- 
cate. — v. to give advice ; to advise. 

Cdtm'sel-la-ble, a. willing to follow advice. 

C6un'sel-lor, n. one who gives advice. 

Coun'sel-lor-ship, n. the office of a counsellor. 

Cdun'sel-keep-er, n. one who keeps a secret. 

Coun'sel-keep-ing, a. keeping secrets. 

Count, v. (L. con, puto) to number; to 
reckon. — n. number ; reckoning; a charge. 

Cdunt'a-ble, a. that may be numbered. 

Cdunt'er, n. a substitute for money used in 
counting ; a reckoner ; a shop-table. 

Countless, a. that cannot be numbered. 

COunt'er-cast, n. a delusive contrivance. 

Count'er-cast-er, n. a book-keeper. 

COunt'ing-house, n. a room for accounts. 

Count, n. (L. comes) a foreign title. 
Cdunt'ess, n. the wife of an earl or count. 
County, n. a shire ; a circuit or district. 

Coun'te-nance, n. (L. con, teneo) form 
of the face ; air ; look ; composure ; pa- 
tronage ; support. — v. to support ; to pa- 
tronise ; to encourage. 

COun'te-nan-^er, n. one who countenances. 

Count'er, ad.CL. contra) contrary to. 

Coun-ter-act', v. (L. contra, actum) to 

act contrary to ; to hinder. 
C6un-ter-ac'tion, n. opposition; hindrance. 

Pate* fat, far, fall; me, met, thSre, her; pine* j>In, field, fir; note, nSt, nor, mdve, son; 




Coun-ter-at-trac'tion, n. (L. contra,ad, 
tractum) opposite attraction. 

Coun-ter-bal'ance, v. (L. contra, bis, 
lanx) to weigh against.— n. opposite weight. 

Coun'ter-buff,u. (L. contra, lt.buffetto) 
to repel ; to strike back. — n. a blow in a 
contrary direction. 

Coun'ter-change, n. (L. contra, Fr. 
changer) reciprocation.— v. to exchange. 

Coun'ter-charm, n. (L. contra, carmen) 
that which breaks a charm.— v. to destroy 

Countercheck, v. (L. contra, Fr. echec) 
to oppose ; to stop.— n. a rebuke ; a stop. 

Coun-ter-eVi-dence, n. (L. contra, e, 
video) opposite evidence. 

Coun'ter-feit, v. (L. contra, factum) to 
forge ; to copy ; to feign.— a. forged ; ficti- 
tious ; deceitful. — impostor ; a forgery. 

Cfiun'ter-felt-er, n. a forger ; an impostor. 

Coun'ter-felt-ly, ad. falsely; fictitiously. 

Coun'ter-felt-ness, n. the being counterfeit. 

Coim-ter-fer'ment, n. (L. contra, fer- 
tnentum) ferment opposed to ferment. 

Coiin-ter-m'flu-ence, v. (L. contra, in, 
fiuo) to hinder by contrary influence. 

Coun-ter-mand', v. (L. contra, mando) 

to revoke a command. 
Coun'ter-mand, n. repeal of a former order. 

Coim-ter-march', v. (L. contra, Fr. 

marcher) to march back. 
Coun'ter-march, n. a marching back. 

C6un'ter-mark,n. (L. contra, S. mearc) 
an after mark on goods or coin. 

Coun'ter-mme, n. (L. contra, Fr. mine) 
a mine to frustrate one made by an enemy. 
— v. to defeat secretly. 

Coun'ter-mure, n. (L. contra, murus) 

a wall behind another. 
Couii'ter-noip, n. (, naria) a 

sound by which any noise is overpowered. 

Coiin'ter-pace, n. (L. contra, passus) 
contrary measure. 

Coun'ter-pane, n. {counterpoint) a co- 
verlet for a bed. 

Coun'ter-part, n. (L. contra, pars) a 
correspondent part ; a copy. 

Coun-ter-plot', vXh.contra,S.plihta?i 2 .) 

to oppose one plot by another. 
Coun'ter-plOt, n. a plot opposed to a plot. 
COun'ter-plOt-ting, n. the act of opposing. 

Goun'ter-point,?!. (L. contra, punctum) 
a coverlet woven in squares ; the art of 
composing harmony ; an opposite point. 

Coun'ter-poise, v. (L. contra, Fr. 
peter) to counterbalance. — n. equivalence 
of weight. 

Coun'ter-p3!-£on, n. (L. contra, potio) 

an antidote to poison. 
Coun-ter-pres'sure, n. (L. contra, pres- 

sum) opposite force. 

Coun'ter-pro-ject, n. (L. contra, pro, 
jactum) an opposing scheme or project. 

Covm'ter-scELY-p,,It. scarpa) 
the exterior slope of a ditch round a forti- 
fied place ; a covered way. 

Coim'ter-seal, v. (L. contra, sigillum) 
to seal with another. 

Coun r ter-sign, coun'ter-sm, v. {contra, 
signum) to sign what has already been 
signed by a superior. — n. a military "watch- 

Coun-ter-stat/ute, n. (L. contra, statu- 
tum) a contradictory ordinance. 

Coun'ter-stroke, n. (L. contra, S. astri- 
can) a stroke returned. 

Coun'ter-sway, n. (L. contra, D. 
zwaaijen) opposite influence. 

Coim'ter-taste,™. (L. contra, Fr. tater) 
false taste. 

Coun'ter-ten-or, n. (L. contra, teneo) 
a part in music between the tenor and the 

Coun'ter-tTde, n. (L. contra, S. tid) a 
contrary tide. 

Couii'ter-time, n. (L. contra, S. tima, 
resistance ; opposition ; defence. 

CoLin'ter-tiirii, n. (L. contra, S. tyrnan) 
the height of a play. 

Coun'ter-vail, v. (L. contra, valeo) to 
have equal force or value. — n. equal weight. 

Coiin'ter-view, n. (L. contra, Yr.vue) 

opposition ; contrast. 

Coun'ter-vote, v. (L. contra, votum) to 
oppose ; to outvote. 

Coun'ter-weigh, coun'ter-wii, v. (L. 
contra, S. wag) to weigh against. 

Coun'ter-wht'el,^. (, S.hweol) 
to wheel in an opposite direction. 

Coiin/ter-Tvork, v. (L. contra, S. weorc) 
to work in opposition to. 

Couu'try, n. (L. con, terra) a tract of 
land ; a region ; one's native soil or resi- 
dence; rural parts, opposed to town or 
city. — a. rustic ; rural; rude. 

Coun'tri-fTed, a. rustic ; rude. 

Coun'try-man, n. one born in the same 
country ; a rustic ; a farmer. 

Coiint'y. See under Count. 

Couple, n. (L. copula) two ; a pair ; 

the male and female ; man and wife ; a 

chain. — v. to join ; to marry. 
Coup'le-ment, n. union. 
Coup'let, n. two verses ; a pair. 
Coupling, n. that which couples ; junction. 

Cour'age, n. (L. cor) bravery ; valour. 

Cour-a'geous, a. brave ; daring ; bold. 
Cour-a'geous-ly, ad. bravely ; boldly. 
Cour-a'geous-ness, n. bravery; boldness. 

Cou-rant',n. (L.c^rro) a dance ; any 
thing that spreads quick, as a newspaper. 

tube, tub. full ; cry, crypt, myrrh ; toil, b6y, our, now, new; cede, gem, raise, exist, thin. 

CO (J 



Cou'ri-er, n. a messenger sent in haste. 

Course, n. (L. cursum) race ; career ; 
progress ; order ; conduct ; inclination ; 
ground for racing ; track in which a ship 
sails ; number of dishes set on a table at 
once : pi. the menses. — v. to run ; to hunt. 

Cour'ser, n. a swift horse ; a hunter. 

COur'sing, n. hunting with greyhounds. 

Court, n. (Fr. cour) the residence of a 
sovereign ; the attendants of a sovereign ; 
a hall or place where justice is adminis- 
tered ; an assembly of judges ; address ; 
flattery; an inclosed place in front of a 
house ; a space inclosed by houses. — v. to 
solicit ; to woo ; to flatter. 

Court'er, n. one who courts. 

Court'ier, n. one who frequents court ; one 
who courts favour. 

Court'llke, a. elegant ; polite. 

Court'ling, n. a retainer of a court. 

Court'ly, a. relating to a court ; elegant ; 
flattering. — ad. in the manner of a court. 

Court'li-ness, n. elegance of manners. 

Court'ship, n. the act of soliciting ; the act 
of making love to a woman. 

Cour'te-ous, a. polite ; well-bred ; civil. 

Cour'te-ous-ly, ad. politely ; respectfully. 

Cour'te-ous-ness, n. civility; complaisance. 

Cour'te-sy, n. civility ; complaisance; respect. 

Courte'sy, n. reverence made by women.— 
v to make a reverence. 

Coiir'te-zan, n. sl prostitute. 

Court'breed-ing, n. education at court. 

Cdurt'day, n. the day on which a court sits. 

Court'hand, n. the manner of writing used 
in records and judicial proceedings. 

Court-mar'tial, n. a court of officers for 
trying offences in the army or navy. 

Cous'in, cuz'n, n. (Fr.) the child of 
an uncle or aunt ; a kinsman. 

Cove, n. (S. cof) a small creek or 
bay ; a shelter.— v. to arch over. 

CoVe-nant, n. (L. con, venio) an agree- 
ment ; a compact.— v. to bargain ; to con- 
tract ; to agree. 

Cov-e-nan-tee', n. a party to a covenant. 

C6v'e-nant-er, n. one who makes a covenant. 

CoVer, v. (L. con, operio) to over- 
spread ; to conceal ; to hide ; to shelter. — 
n. a concealment ; veil ; shelter ; defence. 

Cov'er-cle, n. a small cover; a lid. 

Cov'er-ing, n. any thing spread over ; dress. 

Cov'er-let, n. the upper covering of a bed. 

Cov'ert, n. a shelter ; a defence ; a thicket. — 
a. sheltered ; secret ; insidious. 

Cov'ert-ly, ad. secretly ; closely. 

Cov'er-ture, n. shelter ; defence ; the state 
of being a married woman. 

CoVet, v. (L. con, voturri) to desire in- 
ordinately ; to have a strong desire. 
Cov'et-ing, n. inordinate desire. 
Cov'e-tous, a. avaricious ; greedy. 
C6v'e-tous-ly, ad. avariciously ; greedily. 
Cov'e-tous-ness, n. eagerness of gain ; avarice. 

CoVey, n. (L. cubo) a brood of birds. 

Cov'in, n. (L. con, venio) a deceitful 

Cdv'e-nous, Cov'i-nous, a. deceitful. 

Cow, 7i. (S. cu) the female of the bull. 
CSw'herd, n. one who tends cows. 
Cdw'house, n. a house in which cows are kept. 
COw'lee^h, n. one who professes to cure cows. 
COw^keep-er, n. one who keeps cows. 
C6%v / llke, a. resembling a cow. 
C6w'p6x, n. the vaccine disease. 
Cow'slip, n. a species of primrose. 

Cow,'u.(Sw.A:i^/ba)to depress with fear. 

Cow'ard, n. (Fr. conard) one wanting 
courage ; a poltroon.— a. dastardly ; timid. 

COw'ar-di^e, n. want of courage ; fear. 

Cftw'ard-like, a. acting as a coward. 

Cow^rd-ly, a. fearful ; pusillanimous ; mean, 
— ad. in'the manner of a coward. 

Cdw^ard-li-ness, n. timidity ; pusillanimity. 

Cow'er, v. (W. cwrian) to sink by 

bending the knees ; to crouch. 
Cowl, n. (S. cufle) a monk's hood ; a 

vessel for carrying water. 
COwled, a. wearing a cowl ; hooded. 
Cowl'staff, n. a staff for supporting a cowl. 

Co-work'er, n. (L. con, S. weorc) one 

engaged in the same work. 
Cox'comb, n. (cock's comb) a comb 

formerly worn by licensed fools ; a fop. 
C6x r comb-ly, a. like a coxcomb ; foolish.^ 
Cox-cOm'i-cal, a. foppish ; conceited ; vain. 

Coy, a. (L. quies ?) shy ; modest ; 

reserved.— v. to behave with reserve; to 

caress ; to stroke ; to allure. 
COy^sh, a. somewhat coy ; reserved. 
Coy'ly, ad. with reserve ; shyly. 
COy'ness, n. reserve ; shyness. 

Coys'trel. See Coistril. 

Coz, n. a familiar word for cousin. 

Coz'en, cuVn, v. (D. koosen) to cheat. 
Coz'en-age, n. fraud ; deceit ; trick. 
C6z / en-er, n. one who cheats. 

Crab, n. (S. crabba) a shell-fish ; a 
wild apple ; a peevish person ; one of the 
signs of the zodiac. — v. to sour. 

Crab'bed, a. peevish ; morose; difficult. 

Crab'bed-ly, ad. peevishly ; morosely. 

Crab'bed-ness, n. sourness ; asperity. 

Crab'by, a. difficult ; perplexing. 

Crabber, n. the water-rat. 

Crack, v. (Fr. craquer) to break into 
chinks ; to split ; to burst ; to craze ; to 
boast. — n. a chink ; a flaw ; a sudden noise ; 
craziness ; a boast. 

Crack'er, n. one that cracks; a boaster; a 
firework ; a hard biscuit. 

Crac'kle, v. to make slight cracks ; to make 
small and frequent noises. 

Crack'ling, n. a small frequent noise. 

'Crack'nel, n. a hard brittle cake. 

Crack'brained, a. crazy. 

Cra'dle, n. (S. cradel) a moveable bed 
in which infants are rocked ; a case for a 
broken limb. — v. to lay or rock in a cradle. 

Cradle-clothes, n. bed clothes for a cradle. 

Craft, n. (S. craft) manual art ; trade ; 

fraud ; cunning ; small ships. 
Crafty, a. cunning; artful; sly. 

Fate, fat, far, fall; me, met, there, her; pine, pin, fjeld, fir; note, n6t, nor, move, son; 




Craf'ti-ly, ad. cunningly; artfully. 
Crafti-ness, n. cunning ; stratagem. 
Crafts'man, n. an artificer ; a mechanic. 
Crafts'mas-ter, n. a man skilled in his trade. 

Crag, n. (C. craig) a rough steep rock. 
Crag'ged, a. full of crags ; rugged. 
Crag'ged-ness, ft. fullness of crags. 
Crag'gy, a. rocky ; rugged ; rough. 
Crag'gi-ness, n. the state of being craggy. 

Cram, v. (S. crammiari) to stuff ; to 
thrust in by force ; to eat beyond satiety. 

Cram / bo,7i. a play at rhymes ; a rhyme. 

Cramp, n. (D. kramp) a spasmodic 
contraction of the muscles; a restriction ; a 
piece of bent iron. — v. to pain with spasms ; 
to confine ; to bind with cramps. — a. diffi- 
cult ; knotty ; troublesome. 

Cramp'f Ish, n. the torpedo. 

Cramp'I-ron, ft. a piece of bent iron. 

Cranch. See Craunch. 

Crane, n. (S. cran) a bird ; a machine 
for raising heavy goods ; a crooked pipe. 

Cra'ni-um, n. (L.) the skull. 
Cran-i-oTo-gy, n. the study of the skulls of 

animals in connexion with their faculties 

and propensities. 

Crank, n. {crane, neck l) the end of an 
iron axis turned down ; a bend ; an iron 
brace ; a twisting or turning in speech.— 
v. to turn ; to bend. 

Crank'le, v. to break into bends or angles. 

Crank, a. (D. krank) stout ; bold ; liable 
to be overset. 

Cran'ny, n. (L. crena) a chink ; a cleft. 
Cran'nied, a. full of chinks. 

Crants, n. pi. (Ger. kranz) garlands 
carried before the bier of a maiden, and 
hung over her grave. 

Crape, n. (Fr. crepe) a thin stuff 
loosely woven. 

Crap'u-la, n. (L.) a surfeit. 

Crash, v. (Fr. ecraser) to make a noise 
as of things falling and breaking ; to break ; 
to bruise. — ft. a loud mixed noise. 

Crashing, ft. a violent mixed noise. 

Cra'sis,n. (Gr.) the temperament ; the 
mingling of two vowels in one syllable. 

Crass, a. (L. crassus) gross ; coarse. 
Cras'si-ment, n. thickness. 
Cras'si-tude, w. grossness ; coarseness. 
Crass'ness, n. grossness. 

Cratch, n. (L. crates) a frame for hay. 
Crate, n. a wicker pannier ; a hamper. 

Cra'ter, n. (L.) the mouth of a volcano. 

Craunch, v. (D. schrantsen) to crush 
in the mouth. 

Cra-vat', n. (Fr. cravate) a neckcloth. 

Crave, v. (S. crafian) to ask earnestly ; 

to long for. 
Cra'ver, ft. one who craves. 
Crfi'ving, n. unreasonable desire. 

Cra'ven, n. (crave 1) a coward ; a re- 
creant. — a.cowardly. — v. to make cowardly. 

Craw, 7i. (Dan. kroe) the crop of birds. 

Craw'fish, Cray'fish, n. (Fr. ecrevisse) 
a small crustaceous fish. 

Crawl, v. (D. krielen) to creep ; to 

move as a worm ; to move slowly. 
Crawl'er, w. one that crawls. 

Cray'on, n. (Fr.) a kind of pencil. 

Craze, v. (Fr. ecraser) to break ; to 

crush ; to disorder the intellect. 
Cra'zed-ness, n. state of being crazed. 
Cra'zy, a. broken ; disordered in intellect. 
Cra'zi-ness, n. weakness ; disorder of mind. 

Creak, v. (W. crecian) to make a sharp 

harsh grating sound. 
Creating, n. a harsh grating sound. 

Cream, n. (L. cremor) the oily part of 
milk ; the best part of any thing. — v. to 
skim off the cream. 

Creaur'y, a. full of cream ; like cream. 

Cream'fafed, a. pale ; cowardly. 

Crease, n. (T. kroesen) a mark left by 
a fold. — v. to mark by doubling. 

Cre-ate', v. (L. creatum) to form out 
of nothing ; to make ; to cause ; to produce. 

Cre-a'tion, n. act of creating ; the universe. 

Cre-a'tive, a. having the power to create. 

Cre-a'tor, n. the Being who creates. 

CrCa'ture, n. a created being ; any thing 
created ; an animal ; a dependant ; a word 
of contempt or petty tenderness. 

Crea'tu-ral, a. belonging to a creature. 

CrGa'ture-ly, a. like a creature. 

Crea'ture-ship, n. the state of a creature. 

CrelDrous, a. (L. creber) frequent. 

Creed, n. (L. credo) that which is be- 
lieved ; a summary of the articles of faith. 

Cre'dence, n. belief ; credit; confidence 

Cre-demda, n. pi. (L.) things to be believed. 

Cre'dent, a. easy of belief ; having credit. 

Cre-deVtial, n. that which entitles to credit 
— a. giving a title to credit. 

Cred'i-ble, a. that may be believed. 

Cred-i-bll'i -ty, n. claim to belief. 

Cr6d'i-ble-ness, n. worthiness of belief. 

Cr£d'i-bly, ad. in a manner claiming belief. 

CrSd'it, n. belief ; honour ; good opinion ; 
faith ; trust reposed ; influence. — v. to be- 
lieve ; to trust ; to admit as a debtor. 

Cred'i-ta-ble, a. worthy of credit. 

Crgd'i-ta-ble-ness, n. reputation ; estimation. 

Crgd'i-ta-bly, ad. with credit. 

Cr£d'i-tor, n. one who trusts, or gives credit. 

Oed'i-trix, ft. a female creditor. 

Cred"u-lous, a~ easy of belief. 

Cre-du'li-ty, n. easiness of belief. 

Crgd'u-lous-ly, ad. with easy belief. 

Cred'u-lous-ness, ft. aptness to believe. 

Creek, n. (S. crecca) a small inlet ; a 

bay ; a cove ; a turn. 
CreeVy, a. full of creeks ; winding. 

Creep, v. (S. creopan) to move as a 
worm ; to move slowly or feebly ; to grow 
along ; to steal in ; to fawn : p. t and p. p. 

tube, tub, full i cry, crypt, myrrh; toll boj, our now, new; cede, gem, rai§e, exist, thin- 





Creep'er, n. one that creeps. 
Creep'ing-ly, ad. slowly ; like a reptile. 

Cre-ma'tion, n. (L. cremo) a burning. 

Cre'mor, n. (L.) a creamy substance. 

Cre'na-ted, a. (L.crena) notched. 

Cre-piis'cu-line, Cre-pus'cu-lous, a. 
(L. crepusculum) glimmering. 

Cres'cent, a. (L. cresco) increasing ; 
growing. — n. the moon in her state of 
increase ; any thing in the shape of the new 
moon.— v. to form into a crescent. 

CreY^ive, a. increasing ; growing. 

Cress, n. (S. cerse) an herb. 

CreYset, n. (Fr. croisette) a light on a 
beacon ; a torch. 

Crest, n. (L. crista) a plume of feathers ; 

a helmet ; the comb of a cock ; a tuft ; 

pride ; spirit.— v. to furnish with a crest ; 

to mark with streaks. 
Crgst'ed, a. having a crest. 
Crest'less, a. without a crest. 
Crestfallen, a. dejected ; dispirited. 

Cre-ta/ceous, a. (L. creta) abounding 
with chalk ; like chalk. 

€reVice, n. (L. crepd) a crack ; a cleft. 
— v. to crack ; to flaw. 

Crew, cru, n. (S. cruth) a company ; 
a ship's company. 

Crew, cru, p. t. of crow. 

Crew'el, cru'el, n. (D. klewel) yarn 
twisted and wound on a ball. 

Crib, n. (S. cryb) a manger ; a stall ; 
a cottage ; a child's bed. — v. to shut up ; 
to confine. 

Crib'bage, n. a game at cards. 

Crick, n. (S. cricc) a painful stiffness 
in the neck. 

Cnck'et, n. (D. kreken) an insect. 

Crick'et, n. (S. cricc) a game. 

Crl'er. See under Cry. 

Crime, n. (L. crimen) a great fault ; 

a wicked act ; an offence. 
Crlme'ful, a. wicked ; contrary to virtue. 
Crimeless, a. without crime ; innocent. 
Criminal, a. guilty; wicked; relating to 

crime. — n. one accused or guilty of a crime. 
Crtm-i-nal'i-ty, n. state of being criminal. 
Crlm'i-nal-ly, ad. wickedly; guiltily. 
Crlm'i-nate, v. to charge with crime. 
Crlm-i-na'tion, n. accusation; charge. 
Crlm'i-na-to-ry, a. accusing ; censorious. 
Crlm'i-nous, a. very wicked ; guilty. 
Crim'i-nous-ly, ad. very wickedly. 
Crlm'i-nous-ness, n. wickedness ; guilt. 

Crimp, a. (S. acrymman) easily crum- 
bled ; friable ; brittle. 

Crim'ple, v. (D. krimpen) to contract. 

Crim'son, crim'zn, n. (Ar. kermes) a 
deep red colour. — a. of a deep red. — v. to 
dye with crimson. 

Cringe, v. (Ger. kriechenl) to bow; to 

fawn ; to flatter. — w. a servile bow. 
Crfnite, a. (L. crinis) like hair. 

Crin'kle, v. (D. krinkeleri) ; to wind ; 
to bend ; to wrinkle. — n. a wrinkle. 

Crip'ple, n. (D. krepel) a lame person. 
— a. lame. — v. to make lame. 

CrI'sis, n. (Gr.) a critical time or turn : 
pi. crl'sSs. 

Crisp, a. (L. crispus) curled ; brittle ; 

friable ; brisk. — v. to curl ; to twist. 
Cris-pa'tion, n. the act of curling. 
Crls"py, a. curled ; brittle. 
Crls'ping-I-ron, Crls'ping-pln, n. a curling 


Cri-te'ri-on, n. (Gr.) a standard by 
which any thing can be judged: pZ-crl-te'ri-a. 

Crit'ic, n. (Gr. krites) a judge of merit 
in literature or art ; one who rinds fault.— 
a. relating to criticism. — play the critic. 

Crlt'i-cal, a. relating to criticism; exact; 
judicious; censorious; producing a crisis. 

Crlt'i-cal-ly, ad. in a critical manner ; at the 
exact point of time. 

Crit'i-clse, v. to judge; to censure. 

Crlt'i-^is-er, n. one who criticises. 

Crlt'i-cism, n. the act or art of judging ; re- 
mark ; animadversion. 

Cri-tique'. n. a critical examination. 

Croak, v. (L. crocio) to cry as a raven 
or a frog ; to make a hoarse noise ; to mur- 
mur. — n. the cry of a raven or a frog. 

Croak'er, n. one who croaks ; a murmurer. 

Croak'ing, n. a low hoarse noise ; murmuring. 

Crock, n. (S. crocca) an earthen vessel. 
CrOck'er-y, n. earthen ware. 

Croc'o-dile, n. (Gr. krokodeilos) an 
amphibious animal of the lizard kind. 

Cro'cus, n. (L.) a flower. 

Croft, n. (S.) a small field near a house. 

Croi-sade'. See Crusade. 

Crone, n. (Ir. criona) an old woman; 

an old ewe. 
Cro'ny , n. an old acquaintance ; a companion. 

Cron'y-cal. See Acronycal. 

Crook, n. (D. krook) a bent instru- 
ment ; a shepherd's hook ; an artifice. — 
v. to bend ; to pervert. 

Crook'ed, a. bent ; not straight ; curved ; 
winding ; perverse ; untoward. 

Crook'ed-ly, ad. in a crooked manner. 

CroSk'ed-ness, n. state of being crooked. 

Cr66k r back, n. a person with a crooked back. 

Crdok'backed, a. having a crooked back. 

Crook'kneed, a. having crooked knees. 

CrOdk'shoul-dered, a. having bent shoulders. 

Crop, w. ( S.) the first stomach of a bird. 
Crop'ful, a. having a full belly. 
Crdp'per, n. a pigeon with a large crop. 
Cr6p"slck, a. sick with excess. 
Crop'slck-ness, n. sickness from excess. 

Crop, n. (S.) the harvest ; produce. — 
v. to cut off; to mow ; to reap. 

Fate, fat, far, fall; me, met, there, her; pine, pin, field, fir; note, not, nor, move, son; 




CrOp'ear, ft. a horse with cropped ears. 
CrOp'eared, a. having the ears cropped. 

Cross, n. (L. crux) one straight body- 
laid over another ; the ensign of the Chris- 
tian religion ; misfortune; hindrance; vex- 
ation. — a. transverse ; oblique ; perverse ; 
peevish. — v. to lay athwart ; to sign with 
the cross ; to cancel ; to pass over ; to 
thwart ; to embarrass.— prep, athwart ; 
over ; from side to side. 

Cro'sier, n. a bishop's staff. 

Cros'let, ft. a small cross. 

Cross'ing, n. the act of signing with the 
cross ; opposition ; impediment ; vexation. 

CrOss'ly, ad. athwart ; adversely ; peevishly. 

Cross'ness, n. perverseness ; peevishness. 

Cross'armed, a. with arms across. 

CrOss'barred, a. secured by transverse bars. 

Cross'blte, n. a cheat. — v. to cheat. 

Cross'bow, n. a weapon for shooting. 

Cross'cut, v. to cut across ; to intersect. 

Cross-ex-am'ine, v. to test evidence by ques- 
tions from the opposite party. 

Cross'grained, a. having the fibres trans- 
verse ; perverse ; peevish ; vexatious. 

Crosslegged, a. having the le?s crossed. 

Cross'pur-pose, n. a kind of enigma or riddle ; 
a contradictory system. 

Cross-ques'tion, v. to cross-examine. 

Cross'rGad, ft. a road across the country. 

Cross'row, n. the alphabet. 

Cross'way, ?i. a path crossing the chief road. 

Cross'wlnd, n. an unfavourable wind. 

Crotch, n. (Fr. croc) a hook ; a fork. 
Cr6tyh'et, n. a note in music ; a mark in 
printing, thus [ ] ; a fancy ; a whim. 

Crouch, v. (Ger. kriechen) to stoop 
low ; to lie close down ; to fawn ; to cringe. 

Croup, n. (Fr. croupe) the buttocks 

of a horse ; the rump of a fowl. 
Crup'per, n. a strap to keep a saddle right. 

Croup, n. (S. hreopan) a disease in the 

Crow, n. (S. craw) a large black bird ; 
the cry of a cock ; an iron lever. — v. to cry 
as a cock ; to boast : p. t. crew or crowed. 

Crow'flow-er, ft. a kind of campion. 

Crow'fdot, ft. a flower. 

Crow'keep-er, n. a scarecrow. 

Crow's/feet, n. the wrinkles under the eyes. 

Crowd, n. (S. cruth) a confused multi- 
tude ; the populace. — v. to thrust together ; 
to press close ; to fill to excess ; to encumber. 

Crowd, n. (W. crwth) a fiddle.— v. to 

Crowd'er, n. a fiddler. 

Crown, n. (L. corona) an ornament 
worn on the head by sovereigns ; a garland ; 
the top of the head ; regal power ; reward ; 
honour ; completion ; a silver coin. — v. to 
invest with a crown ; to dignify ; to adorn ; 
to reward ; to complete ; to finish. 

Crown'er, w. one that crowns. 

CrOwn'et. See Coronet. 

Cru'ci-ate, v. kL. crux) to torture. 
Cru'fi-al, a. transverse ; intersecting. 
Cru-ci-a'tion, ft. torture ; agony. 
Cru'^i-ble, n. a chemist's melting-pot. 

Cru'ci-fix, n. an image or painting of our 

Saviour on the cross. 
Cru-ci-flx'ion, n. the punishment of nailing 

to the cross. 
Cru r ci-form, a. having the form of a cross. 
Cru'pi-fy, v. to put to death by nailing to a 

cross ;* to mortify ; to torment. 
Cru'fi-fl-er, n. one who crucifies. 

Crude, a. (L. crudus) raw ; unripe ; 

harsh; indigested; unfinished. 
Crude'ly, ad. without due preparation. 
Crude'ness, n. rawness ; unripeness. 
Cru'di-ty, n. indigestion ; unripeness. 

Cru'el, a. (L. crudelis) inhuman ; hard- 
hearted ; savage ; ferocious. 
Cru'el-ly, ad. in a cruel manner. 
Cru/el-ness, n. inhumanity. 
Cru/el-ty, n. inhumanity ;. barbarity. 

Cru'et, n. (Fr. cruchette) a vial for 
vinegar or oil. 

Cruise, n. (L. crux) a voyage without 
any certain course. — v. to rove over the sea. 
Criiis/er, n. a person or ship that cruises. 

Crunr, Crumb, n. (S. crvma) a small 
particle ; a fragment ; the soft part of 
bread. — v. to break into small pieces. 

Crum'ble, v. to break or fall into small pieces. 

Crump, a. (S.) crooked. 
Crum'ple, v. to draw into wrinkles ; to shrink 
up ; to contract. 

Cru'or, n. (L.) gore ; coagulated blood. 
Cru'en tale, a. smeared with blood. 

Crup'per. See under Croup. 

Cru'raljtf .( belongiug to the leg. 

Cru-sade', n. (L. crux) an expedition 

against the infidels. 
Cru-sad'er, n. one employed in a crusade. 
CroTses, ft. pi. pilgrims who carry the cross ; 

soldiers in the crusades. 

Cruse, n. (Fr. cruche) a small cup. 

Crush, v. (Fr. ecraser) to squeeze ; to 
bruise ; to subdue. — n. a rushing together ; 
a collision. 

Crust, n. (L. crusta) an external coat 
or covering ; a shell ; a case ; the outer part 
of bread. — v. to cover with a hard case ; to 
gather a crust. 

Crus-ta^eous, a. shelly, with joints. 

Crus-ta'tion, n. an adherent covering. 

Crus'ty, a. covered with crust ; snappish. 

Crus'ti-ly, ad. snappishly; peevishly. 

Crus'ti-ness, n. the quality of being crusty. 

Crutch, n. (S. cricc) a support used by 
cripples.— v. to support on crutches. 

Cry,t\ (Fr. crier) to utter a loud voice; 
to call ; to exclaim ; to make public ; to 
proclaim ; to weep. — ft. a loud voice ; cla- 
mour ; lamentation ; shriek ; weeping. 

Crl'er, n. one who cries goods for sale. 

Crying, w. clamour. — a. notorious. 

Crypt, n. (Gr. krupto) a. cell or cave. 
Cr^p'tic, Cryp'ti-cal, a. hidden ; secret. 
Qryp'ti-cal-ly, ad. secretly ; occultly. 
Crj-p-t6g / a-my, ft. concealed fructification. 

tube, tub, full; cry, cr^pt, myrrh ; toil, bo?, 5ur, now, new ; cede, gem raise, exist, thin. 




Cryp-tSgVmous, a. secretly married ; having 

the fructification concealed. 
Cr^p-tog'ra-phy, n. the art of writing in 

secret characters. 

Crys'tal, n. (Gr. krustallos) a regular 
solid body ; a kind of glass.— a. consisting 
of crystal ; clear ; transparent. 

CryVtal-lIne, a. consisting of crystal ; resem- 
bling crystal ; bright ; clear ; transparent. 

CryVtal-lIze, v. to form into crystals. 

Crys-tal-li-za'tion, n. the act of crystallizing. 

Cub, n. (L. cubo \) the young of a beast ; 
a stall for cattle. — v. to shut up. 

Cube, n. (Gr. kubos) a regular solid 
body with six equal sides ; the product of a 
number multiplied twice into itself. 

Cu / bic,Cu / bi-cal,<z.having the form of a cube. 

C u'bi-cal-ly , ad. in a cubical method. 

Cu'bi-cal-ness, n. the state of being cubical. 

Cu-bic'u-lar, a. (L. cubo) belonging to 

a chamber. 
Cu-blc'u-la-ry, a. fitted for lying down. 

Cu'bit, n. (Gr. kubitori) a measure from 
the elbow to the extremity of the middle 
finger, estimated at eighteen inches. 

Cu'bi-tal, a. containing the length of a cubit. 

C u'bi-ted, a. having the measure of a cubit. 

Cuck'ing-st661,7i. an engine for punish- 
ing scolds and unquiet women. 

Cuck'old, n. (L. cuculus) one whose 
wife is false to his bed. — v. to corrupt a 
man's wife. 

Cuck'old-ly, a. poor ; mean ; cowardly. 

Ouck'ol-dom, n. adultery ; state of a cuckold. 

Cuck'old-mak-er, who makes a cuckold. 

Ciic'koo, n. a bird. 

Cu'cul-late, Cn'cul-la-ted, a. (L. cu- 
cullus) hooded. 

Cu'cum-ber, n. (L. cucumis) a plant, 
and its fruit. 

Cu'cur-bite, n. (L. cucurbita) a chem- 
ical vessel. 

Cud, n. (S.) food which ruminating 
animals bring from the first stomach to 
chew again. 

Ctid'weed, n. a plant. 

Ciid'dle, v. (T. kudderi) to lie close ; 
to join in an embrace ; to hug. 

Cud'gel, n. (W. cogel) a stick to strike 

witti.— v. to beat with a stick. 
Cud'gel-ler, n. one who cudgels. 
Cftd'|el-pr66f, a. able to resist a stick. 

Cue, n. (L. cauda) the tail ; the end ; 
a hint. 

CueVpo, n. (Sp.) the body. 

Cuff, n. (Gr. kopto ?) a blow ; a stroke ; 
part of a sleeve.— v. to strike with the fist. 

Cui'rass,n. (Fr. cuirasse) a breastplate. 
Cui-ras-sier', n. a soldier armed with a 

Cuish, 7i. (Fr. cuisse) armour for the 

Culi-na-ry, a. (L. culina) relating to 
the kitchen or cookery. 

Cull, v. (L. con, lego) to pick out. 
Cul'ling, n. any thing selected. 

Ciiirion, n. (It. coglione) a scoundrel ; 

a mean wretch. 
Ctiirion-ly, a. mean ; base. 
Cul'ly, n. a dupe.— v. to befool ; to cheat. 
Curiy-ifm, n. the state of a cully. 

Cul'lis, n. (Fr. coulis) broth of boiled 
meat strained. 

Cul-mif'er-ous, a. (L. culmus, fero) 

producing stalks. 

Cul'mi-nate, v. (L. culmen) to be ver- 
tical ;■ to be in the meridian. 

Cul-mi-na'tion, n. the transit of a planet 
through the meridian ; the top or crown. 

Cul'pa-ble, a. (L. culpa) blamable ; 

guilty; criminal. 
Cul'pa-ble-ness, n. blame ; guilt. 
Cul'pa-bly, ad. blamably; criminally. 
CuFpa-to-ry, a. charging with crime. 
Cul'prit, n. a person accused of a crime. 

CuTter. See Coulter. 

Cul'ti-vate, v. (L. cultum) to till ; to 
prepare for crops ; to improve. 

Cul-ti-va/tion, n. act of tilling ; improvement. 

Cul'ti-va-tor, n. one who cultivates. 

Cul'ture, n. the act of cultivating ; improve- 
ment. — v. to till ; to improve. 

CuTver, n. (S. culfra) a dove. 
Cul'ver-hSuse, n. a dovecot. 

Cul'ver-in, n. (L. coluber) a cannon. 

Cum'bent, a. (L. cumbo) lying down. 

Cum'ber, v. (D. kommeren) to em- 
barrass ; to load ; to busy. — n. vexation ; 
hindrance ; embarrassment. 

Cum/ber-some, a. troublesome ; burdensome. 

Cum^er-some-ly, ad. so as to cumber. 

Cum'bran^e, n. burden ; hindrance. 

Cum'brous, a. troublesome ; burdensome. 

Cunr'brous-ly, ad. in a burdensome manner. 

Ciim'in, n. (Gr. kuminon) a plant. 

Cu/mu-late, v. (L. cumulus) to heap 

Cu-mu-la/tion, n. act of heaping together. 
C u'mu-la-tive, a. consisting of parts heaped 


Cunc-ta/tion, n. (L. cunctor) delay. 
Cunc-ta'tor, n. one who delays. 

Ciin'ning, a. (S.) skilful ; artful ; sly. 

— n. skill ; artifice ; craft ; slyness. 
Cun'ning-ly, ad. skilfully; artfully. 
Cun'ning-ness, n. artifice ; slyness. 
Cun'ning-man, n. a fortune-teller. 

Cup, n. (S. cupp) a drinking vessel ; 

a draught ; a part of a flower.— v. to draw 

blood by a cupping-glass. 
Ciip'per, n. one who cups. 
Cup r bear-er, n. an attendant at a feast. 
Cup'board, n. a case with shelves. 
Cup'ping-giass, n. a glass used for drawing 


Fate, fat, far, fall ; me, m6t, there, her ; pine, pin, field, fir; note, not, nor, move, son ; 




Cu'pel, n. (L. cupella) a small cup or 

vessel used in refining metals. 
Cu-pel-la'tion, n. the process of assaying and 

purifying metals. 

Cu-pid'i-ty, n. (L. cupio) eager desire ; 

Cu'po-lajTi. (It . )a dome ; an arched roof. 

Cu'pre-ous, a. (L. cuprum) coppery ; 

consisting of copper. 
Cur, n. (D. korr) a degenerate dog. 
Currish, a. like a cur; snarling. 
Cur'rish-ly, ad. snarlingly; brutally. 
Cur'rish-ness, n. moroseness ; churlishness. 
Cur'ship, n. meanness; ill-nature. 

Cu'ra-ble. See under Cure. 

Curb, n. (Fr. courber) part of a bridle ; 

restraint. — v. to restrain ; to check. 
Curb'ing, n. restraint ; check. 

Curd, n. (L. crudusl) the coagulated 

part of milk. — v. to turn to curds. 
Cur'dle, v. to change into curd ; to coagulate. 
Cu^dy, a. full of curds ; coagulated. 

Cure, n. (L. euro) the act of healing ; 

remedy; the benefice of a clergyman. — 

v. to heal ; to pickle. 
Cu'ra-ble, a. that may be healed. 
Cu'ra-ble-ness, n. possibility to be healed. 
Cu'ra-tive, a. relating to the cure of diseases. 
Cure'less, a. without cure; without remedy. 
Cu'rer, n. one who cures ; a healer. 
Cu'rate, n. a clergyman hired to perform 

the duties of another ; a parish priest. 
Cu'ra-cy, n. the office or employment of a 

curate ; a benefice. 
Cu'rate-ship, n. the office of a curate. 
Cu-ra'tor, n. one who has the care of any 

thing ; a guardian. 
CuVfeWjfi. (Fr. cauvrir 9 feu) an even- 
ing bell. 
Cd'ri-ous, a. (L. curiosus) inquisitive ; 

accurate ; exact ; rare. 
Cu-ri-6s'i-ty, n. inquisitiveness; a rarity. 
Cu-ri-o'so, n. a curious person ; a virtuoso. 
Cu'ri-ous-ly, ad. inquisitively; artfully. 
Cu'ri-ous-ness, n. inquisitiveness ; nicety. 

Curl, v. (D. krullen) to turn the hair 
in ringlets ; to twist ; to rise in waves. — 
it. a ringlet of hair ; wave ; flexure. 

Cur'ly, a. having curls ; tending to curl. 

Cur'li-ness, n. the state of being curled. 

Cur-mud'geon, n. (Fr. caeur, mediant) 
an avaricious churlish fellow. 

Cur-mud'geon-ly, a. avaricious ; churlish. 

Ciir'rant, n. (Corinth) a shrub, and 
its fruit. 

Cur'rent, a. (L. curro) running ; pass- 
ing ; generally received. — n. a running 
stream ; course. 

Cur'ren-cy, n. circulation ; general reception ; 
money, or paper passing as money. 

Cur' constant motion ; generally. 

Cur'rent-ness, n. circulation ; fluency. 

Cur'ri-cle, n. an open chaise with two wheels. 

CuVry, v. (L. cerium) to dress leather ; 

to beat ; to rub a horse ; to flatter. 
Cur'ri-er, n. one who dresses leather. 

Cur / ry-ing, n. the act of rubbing down. 
Cur'ry-comb, n. an iron comb. 

Curse, v. (S. cursian) to wish evil to ; 
to execrate ; to afflict ; to utter impreca- 
tions.— n. malediction ; affliction; torment. 

Curbed, p. a. deserving a curse ; vexatious. 

Cur'sed-ly, ad. miserably; shamefully. 

Cur'sed-ness, n. the state of being cursed. 

Cur'ser, n. one who utters curses. 

Curbing, n. the uttering of a curse. 

Curst, a. hateful ; peevish ; malignant. 

Curst'ness, n. peevishness ; malignity. 

Cur'so-ryjfl. (L. cursian) hasty ; slight. 
CuVso-ri-ly, ad. hastily ; slightly. 
Cur'si-tor, n. a clerk in the court of chan- 
cery, who makes out original writs. 

Curt, a. (L. curtus) short. 
Cur-tail', v. to shorten ; to cut off. 
Cur-tail'er, n. one who curtails. 
Cur-tail'mg, n. abbreviation ; abridjrmcnt. 
Cur'tal, n. a dog or horse with a ducked tail. 

— a. brief; abridged. 
Curt'ly, ad. briefly ; shortly. 

Cur'tain, ciir'tin, ?i. (Fr. courtine) a 
hanging cloth. — v. to hang with curtains. 

Cur / tain-lec-ture, n. a reproof given in bed 
by a wife to her husband. 

Curt'sy. See Courtesy. 

Cu'rule, a. (L. curulis) belonging to a 
chariot ; senatorial ; magisterial. 

Curve, a. (L. curvus) crooked; bent. 
— n. any thing bent. — v. to bend. 

Cur-va'tion, n. the act of bending. 

Cur'va-ture, n. crookedness ; bent form. 

Cur'vi-ty, n. crookedness. 

Cur-vi-lin'e-ar, a. consisting of a crooked line. 

Cur-vet', n. (It. cor vet ta) a leap ; a 
bound. — v. to leap ; to bound. 

Cush'ion, cush'un, n. (D. kussen) a 

pillow for a seat. 
Cushioned, a. seated on a cushion. 
Cush'ion-et, n. a little cushion. 

Cusp, n. (L. cuspis) the point or horn 

of the moon or other luminary. 
Cus'pi-dal, a. ending in a point. 

CuVtard, n. (W. cwstard) a composi- 
tion of milk, eggs, sugar, &c 

Cus'to-dy, n. (L. custos) imprisonment ; 

care ; security. 
Cus-to'di-al, a. 'relating to custody. 

Cus'tom, n. (L. co/z, suetum) habitunl 
practice ; fashion ; manner; a tax or duty on 
exports and imports. — v. to make familiar. 

Cus'tom-a-ble, a common ; habitual. 

Cus'tom-a-bly, ad. according to custom. 

Cus'tom-a-ry, a. conformable to custom. 

Cus'tom-a-ri-ly, ad. commonly ; habitually. 

Cus'tom-a-ri-ness.w .commonness; frequency 

Cus'torned, a. usual ; common. 

C us'tom-er, n. one in the habit of purchasing. 

Cus'tum-a-ry, n. a book of laws and customs. 

Cus'tom-house, n. a house where duties on 
exported or imported goods are collected. 

Cut, v. (Gr. kopto \) to separate by an 
edged instrument ; to divide; to hew; to 
carve ; to pierce : p. t. and p. p. cut. 

tube, tub, fQll; cry, crypt, myrrh; toll, bo$-, our, now, new; fede, gem, rais^e, exist, thin. 




CQt, n. the action of an edged instrument ; a 
wound made by cutting ; a part cut off ; a 
near passage ; an engraving ; fashion ; shape. 

Cut'ter, w. one that cuts ; a light sailing vessel. 

Cutting, n. a piece cut off; an incision. 

Cut'lass, n. a broad cutting sword. 

CQt'ler, who makes cutting instruments. 

Cut'ler-y, n. a cutler's ware or business. 

Cut'let, w. a small piece of meat. 

Cut'ptirse, n. a pickpocket ; a thief. 

Cut'throat, ft. a murderer ; an assassin.— a. 
cruel ; inhuman. 

Cut' work, n, work in embroidery. 

Cu'ti-cle, n. (L. cutis) a thin skin ; the 

scarf skin. 
Cu-tlc'u-lar, a. belonging to the skin. 
Cu-ta'ne-ous, a. relating to the skin. 

Cut'tle, n. (S.cudele) a fish ; a foul- 
mouthed fellow. 

Qy'cle, n. (Gr. kuklos) a circle ; a 

periodical space of time. 
(^ y'eldid, n. a geometrical curve. 
Qy-cldm'e-try, ft. the art of measuring circles, 
(^y-clo-pse'di-a, ft. a circle of the arts and 

sciences ; a book of universal knowledge. 

Cy-clo-pe'an, Qy-clop'ic, a , (L.Cyclops) 

vast ; terrific ; savage. 
Cy'der. See Cider. 
Cyg'net, n. (L. cygnus) a young swan. 

Qyl'in-der, n. (Gr. kulindros) a long 

round body ; a roller. 
Qy-lln'dric, ^y-lln'dri-cal, a. having the 

form of a cylinder. 

yy-mar', n. (Fr. simarre) a scarf. 

Cym'bal, n. (Gr. kumbalon) a musical 
1 instrument. 

Cynic, n. (Gr. kuon) a surly person ; 
5 a snarler ; a misanthrope. 
C^yn'ic, (^yn'i-cal, a. snarling; satirical. 

C^y'no-sure, n. (Gr. kuon, our a) the 
star near the north pole, by which sailors 
steer ; any thing which directs or attracts 

Cy'pher. See Cipher. 

Cy 'press, n. (L. cupressus) a tree ; an 
* emblem of mourning. 

Cy'prus, n. a thin transparent stuff, 
originally made in Cyprus. 

Cyst, n. (Gr. kustis) a bag containing 
' morbid matter, 
(^ys'tic, a. contained in a bag. 

Cyt'i-sus, n. (L.) a flowering shrub. 

Czar, zar, n. the title of the emperor 

of Russia. 
Czar'ish, a. relating to the czar. 
Cza-ri'na, w. the empress of Russia. 


Dab, v. (G. daupjan) to strike gently 
with something nioist ; to slap. — ft. a blow 
with something moist ; a small lump. 

Dab'ble, v. to smear ; to spatter ; to wet » 
to play in water ; to do any thing in a 
slight manner ; to tamper. 

Dab'bler, n. one who dabbles or meddles. 

Dab'chlck, ra. a small water-fowl. 

Dab, 7i. {adept) one expert at any 
thing ; an artist. 

Dace, n. a small river fish. 

Dac'tyljTi. (Gr. daktulos) a poetic foot 
consisting of one long syllable and two 
short ones. 

Dac-tyTic, a. relating to the dactyl. 

Dac'ty-list, ft. one who writes flowing verses. 

Dac-ty-loTo-gy, ft. the art of conversing by 
the hands. 

Dad, Dad'dy, n. {da, da ?) father. 

Dse'dal, de'dal, a. (L. Dcedalus) varie- 
gated; skilful. 

Daf'fo-dil, Daf'fo-dil-ly, n. (Gr. as- 
phodelos?) a flower. 

Dag'ger, n. (Fr. dague) a short sword. 

Dag'ger^-draw-ing, ft. approach to open vio- 

Dag'gle, v. (Dan. dag 1) to trail in mire 
or water ; to run through wet or dirt. 

Dag'gle-tail, Dag'tailed, a. bemired ; be- 
spattered ; trailed in mud. 

Daily. See under Day. 

Dain'ty, a. (L. dens 1) delicious ; nice ; 
squeamish ; scrupulous ; elegant ; affect- 
edly fine. — ft. something nice or delicate. 

Dain'ti-ly,<2<i.delicately ; nicely ; fastidiously. 

Dain'ti-ness, ft. delicacy ; fastidiousness. 

Dai'ry, n. (Sw. dia) a place where milk 
is kept, and made into butter and cheese ; 
a milk farm. 

Dai'ry-maid, ft. a female servant who man- 
ages the dairy. 

Diii'sy, n. (S. dceg, eage) a flower. 
Dai'sied, a. full of daisies. 

Dale, n. (D. dal) a, space between hills. 

Dally, v. (D. dollen) to trifle ; to 

fondle ; to sport ; to delay. 
Darii-an9e, n. mutual caresses; acts of 

fondness ; delay. 
Dal'li-er, ft. a trifier ; a fondler. 

Dam, n. (Fr. dame) a female parent. 

Dam, v. (S. demmari) to confine water. 
— w. a mole or bank to confine water. 

Dam'age, n. (L. damnum) mischief ; 
hurt ; loss : pi. compensation for mischief 
or loss. — v. to injure ; to impair. 

Dam'age-a-ble, a. that may be damaged. 

Da,m f 2b-sgene,n.{Jj.Damascus) a species 

of plum. 
Bam'ask, ft. figured linen or silk. — v. to form 

flowers on stuffs ; to variegate. 
Dam'as-kin, ft. a sabre. 
Dam'ask-ro§e, ft. a red rose. 

Dame, n. (Fr.) a lady ; a mistress of 
a family. 

Damn, dam, v. (L. damno) to doom to 
eternal torments ; to curse ; to condemn. 

Fate, fat, far, fall; me, m6t, there, her; pine, pin, field, fir; note, not, nor, move, son; 




Dam'na-ble, a. deserving damnation. 

Dam'na-ble-ness, n. state of being damnable. 

Dam'na-bly, ad. in a damnable manner. 

Dam-na'tion, n. exclusion from divine mercy; 
condemnation ; state of eternal torment. 

Dam'na-to-rj', a. containing condemnation. 

Dam'ned,p. a. hateful ; detestable ; abhorred. 

Dam'ni-fy, v. to injure ; to cause loss. 

Dam'ning-ness, n. tendency to procure dam- 

Damp, a. (D.) moist ; wet ; foggy ; de- 
jected.— n. moisture; fog; dejection.— v. to 
moisten ; to wet ; to depress ; to discourage. 

Dampish, a. inclining to wet ; moist. 

Damplsh-ness, n. tendency to wetness. 

Damp'ness, n. moisture ; fogginess. 

Damp'y, a. moist ; dejected. 

Dam'sel, n. (Fr. damoiselle) a young 
woman ; a girl. 

Dam'son, dam'zn. See Damascene. 

Dance, v. (Fr. danser) to leap or move 
with measured steps. — n. a regulated move- 
ment of the feet ; a motion of one or many 
in concert. 

Dan'cer, n. one who practises dancing. 

Dancing, n. a moving with steps to music 

Pfm'cing-mas-ter, who teaches dancing. 

Dancing-school, n. a place where dancing is 

Dan-de-li'on, n. (Fr. dent, de, lion) a 

Dan'dle, v. (Ger. tandeln) to move a 
child up and down ; to fondle ; to delay. 

Dan'dy, n. (Fr. dandin) a fop. 
Dan'di-prat, n. a conceited little fellow. 

Dane, n. a native of Denmark, 
Da'nish, a. relating to the Danes. 
Dane'gelt, n. tribute paid to the Danes. 

Dan'ger, n. (Fr.) risk ; hazard ; peril. 
Dan'ger-less, a. without hazard. 
Dan'ger-ous, a. hazardous; perilous. 
Dan'ger-ous-ly, ad. hazardously ; perilously. 
Dan'ger-ous-ness, n. hazard ; peril. 

Dan'gle, v. (Dan. dingier) to hang 

loose ; to follow. 
Dan'gler, n. one who dangles or hangs about. 

Dank, a. (Ger. tiinken 1) damp ; moist. 
Danklsh, a. somewhat dank. 

Dap'i-fer, n. (L. dapes,fero) one who 
brings meat to the table. 

Dap'per,a. (D.) little and active ; neat. 

Dap'ple, a. (apple 1 .) marked with 
various colours ; streaked. — v. to streak ; 
to variegate. 

Dare, v. (S. dear) to have courage for 
any purpose ; not to be afraid : p. t. durst. 

Dare, v. to challenge ; to defy. 

Dar'er, n. one who dares or defies. 

Dar'ing, p. a. bold ; adventurous ; fearless. 

Dar'ing-ly, ad. boldly ; courageously. 

Dar'ing-ness, n. boldness ; fearlessness. 

Dark, a. (S. deor?) wanting light ; not 
• of a vivid colour ; obscure ; gloomy.— n. 
want of light ; obscurity. 

Dar'ken, dar'kn, v. to make dark. 
Dar'ken-er, n. one that darkens. 
Dark'ish, a. approaching to dark ; dusky. 
Darkling, a. being in the dark. 
Darkly, ad. obscurely ; blindly. 
Dark'ness, n. absence of light ; obscurity. 
Dark'some, a. gloomy; obscure. 
DarkliOuse, n. a madhouse. 
Dark'work-ing, a. working in secret. 

Darling, a. (S. dyre) beloved ; fa- 
vourite. — n. one much beloved. 

Darn, v. (W.) to mend a rent or hole. 
Darning, n. the act of mending holes. 

Dar'nel, n. a weed. 

Dart, n. (Fr. dard) a. weapon thrown 

by the hand.— v. to throw ; to emit. 
Darker, n. one who throws a dart. 

Dash, v. (Sw. daska) to strike against ; 
to break ; to besprinkle ; to mingle ; to 
sketch in haste ; to obliterate ; to con- 
found; to fly off; to rush. — n. collision; 
a blow ; admixture ; a mark in writing( — ). 

Dashing, a. rushing carelessly ; precipitate. 

Das'tard, n. (S. adastrigan) a coward 

— a. cowardly. — v. to intimidate. 
Das'tar-dlze, v. to intimidate ; to terrify. 
Das'tard-ly, a. cowardly ; timorous ; mean. 
Das'tard-ll-ness, n. cowardliness. 
Das'tar-dy, n. cowardliness ; timorousness. 

Date, n. (L. datum) the time at which 
a letter is written, or an event happens ; a 
stipulated time ; duration; continuance.— 
v. to note the time ; to reckon ; to begin. 

Date'less, a. without a date or fixed term. 

Dat'er, n. one who dates writings. 

Dala-ry, n. an officer of the chancery at 
Rome ; the office of a datary. 

Dalive, a. the epithet of the case that signi- 
fies the person to whom any tbing is given. 

Da'tum, n. a truth granted : pi. da'ta. 

Date, n. (Gr. daktulos) the fruit of 

a species of palm tree. 
Daub, v. (W. dwbiaw) to smear ; to 

paint coarsely. — n. a coarse painting. 
Daub'er, n. one who daubs. 
Daub'er-y, n. any thing artful. 
Daubing, n. plaster ; mortar ; paint. 
Daub'y, a. glutinous ; viscous ; adhesive. 

Daughter, da'ter, n. (S. dohtor) a 

female child ; a female descendant. 
Daugh'ter-ly, a. like a daughter. 
Daughler-li-ness, n. state of a daughter. 

Daunt, v. (L. domitol) to discourage ; 

to frighten ; to intimidate. 
Dauntless, a. fearless ; bold. 
Dauntless-ness, n. fearlessness. 

Dau'phin, n. (Fr.) the heir apparent 

to the crown of France. 
Dau'phin-ess, n. the wife of the dauphin. 

Daw, n. a bird. 
Dawlsh, a. like a daw. 

Daw'dle, v. to waste time ; to trifle. 

Dawn, v. (S. dagian) to begin to grow 
light ; to glimmer ; to open. — n. break oi 
day ; beginning ; rise. 

tube, tfib, full; cry, crypt, myrrh; toil, bd?, Our, n6w, new; cede, gem, rai^e, exist, thin. 




Dawn'ing, n. break of day ; morning. 

Day, n. (S. dag) the time between the 
rising and setting of the sun ; the time from 
noon to noon, or midnight to midnight ; 
light ; sunshine ; life ; an appointed time ; 
an age ; a contest. 

Dai'ly, a. happening every day. — ad. every 
day ; very often. 

Pay'bed, n. a couch for rest during the day. 

Day'book, n. a daily register of mercantile 

Day'break, n. first appearance of light ; dawn. 

Day'dream, n. a vision to the waking senses. 

Day'la-bour, n. labour by the day. 

Day'la-bour-er, n. one who works by the day. 

Day'light, n. the light of day. 

Days'man, n. an umpire ; a mediator. 

Day-spring, n. the rise of the day ; dawn. 

Day'star, n. the morning star. 

Day'tlme, n. time in which there is light. 

Day'work, n. work imposed by the day. 

Daze, v. (S. dwcBs ?) to overpower with 
light ; to blind by too strong a light. 

Daz'zle, v. to overpower with light ; to sur- 
prise with splendour. 

Daz'zling, p. a. striking with splendour. 

Daz'zling-ly, ad. in a manner to dazzle. 

Dea'con, de'kn, n. (Gr. dia,koneo) one 

of the lowest order of the clergy ; an over- 
seer of the poor ; the master of an incor- 
porated company. 

Pea'con-ess, n. a female deacon. 

Dea'con-ry, Dea'con-ship, n. the office of a 

Dead, a. (S.) deprived of life ; inani- 
mate ; motionless ; dull ; still ; tasteless. — 
n. dead men ; a still time ; depth. 

Dead'en, v. to deprive of force or sensation ; 
to make vapid or spiritless. 

Dead'ish, a. resembling what is dead. 

Deadly, a. destructive; mortal. — ad. mor- 
tally ; implacably. 

Dead'li-h66d, n. the state of the dead. 

Dead'li-ness, n. the being deadly. 

Dead'ness, n. loss of life ; frigidity ; faintness. 

Dead'do-ing, a. destructive ; killing. 

Dead'drunk, a. so drunk as to be helpless. 

DeaxTheart-ed, a. having a faint heart. 

Dead-heart'ed-ness, n. want of fortitude. 

Dead'klll-ing, a. killing at once. 

Dead'llft, n. a hopeless exigence. 

Dead'rgck-on-ing, n. conjecture of the place 
where a ship is by the log. 

Dead'struck, a. struck with horror. 

Deaf, a. (S.) wanting the sense of 

hearing ; not listening ; obscurely heard. 
Deafen, v. to make deaf. 
Deafness, n. want of power to hear. 

Deal, n. (S. dcel) a part ; a quantity ; 

a thin plank. — v. to distribute ; to traffic ; 

to intervene ; to act. 
Deafer, n. one who deals; a trader. 
Deafing, n. action ; intercourse ; traffic. 

De-al-ba'tion, n. (L. de, albus) the act 
of bleaching. 

De-am-bu-la'tion, n. (L. de, ambulo) 

the act of walking abroad. 
De-am'bu-la-to-ry, a. walking abroad. — n. a 

place to walk in. 

Dean, n. (L. decanus) the second dig- 
nitary of a diocese. 
Dean'er-y, n. the office or house of a desn. 
Dean'ship, n. the office and rank of a dean. 

Dear, a. (S. dyre) beloved ; precious ; 
costly; scarce. — n. a word of endearment. 
Dear'ly, ad. with fondness ; at a high price. 
Deafness, n. fondness ; costliness. 
Dearth, n. scarcity ; want ; famine. 
Dear'bought, a. purchased at a high price. 
Dear'loved, a. much loved. 

Death,?z. (S.) extinction of life ; mor- 
tality; manner of dying ; state of the dead. 

DeatlVful, a. destructive ; murderous. 

D6ath'ful-ness, n. appearance of death. 

Death'less, a. never-dying ; immortal. 

Death'llke, a. resembling death. 

Death'bed, n. the bed on which a person dies. 

Death' ward, ad. toward death. 

Death'bod-ing, a. portending death. 

D^ath'dart-ing, a. inflicting death. 

DSathVdoor, n. near approach of death. 

Deaths'man, n. an executioner. 

Death'shad-owed, a. encompassed by the 
shades of death. 

Death'to-ken, n. a sign of approaching death. 

Death'watch, n. an insect whose noise is 
supposed' to prognosticate death. 

De-bar', v. (L. de, Fr. barre) to ex- 
clude ; to hinder. 

De-base', v. (L. de, basis) to lower ; ta 

degrade ; to adulterate. 
De-base'ment, n. the act of debasing. 
De-bas'er, n. one who debases. 

De-bate', v. (L. de, Fr. battre) to dis- 
pute ; to contest ; to deliberate. — n. a dis- 
pute ; a quarrel ; a contest. 

De-bat'a-ble, a. subject to debate. 

De-bate'ful, a. quarrelsome ; contentious. 

De-bate'ment, n. controversy ; combat. 

De-bat r er, n. a disputant ; an arguer. 

De-bauch', v. (Fr. debaucher) to cor- 
rupt ; to vitiate. — n. a fit of intemperance ; 
excess ; lewdness. 

De-bauch'ed-ly, ad. in a profligate manner. 

De-bau9h'ed-ness,n.intemperance ; lewdness. 

Deb-au-chee r , dfib-o-shee', n. a drunkard ; a 
man given to intemperance. 

Debauch'er, n. one who debauches. 

De-bauch'er-y, n. intemperance ; lewdness. 

De-baufh'ment, n. the act of debauching. 

De-bent 'ure, n. (L. debeo) a writing 
acknowledging a debt. 

Deb'ile, a. (L. debilis) weak ; feeble. 
De-blFi-tate, v. to weaken ; to enfeeble. 
De-bll-i-ta'tion, n. the act of weakening. 
De-blH-ty, n. weakness ; feebleness. 

Deb'it, n. (L. debitum) the debtor side 
of an account. — v. to enter on the debtor 
side of an account. 

Debt, det, n. what one person owes to an- 
other ; what one is obliged to do or suffer. 

DSbt'or, n. one who owes to another ; the 
side of an account on which debts are 

Deb-o-nair', a. (Fr. de, bon, air) ele- 
gant ; civil ; well-bred. 

Fate, fat, far, fall; me, met, there, her; pine, pfn, field, fir; n&te, not, nor, mdve, son; 




Deb-o-nair'i-ty, n. elegance of manners. 
Peb-o-nair'ly, ad. elegantly; civilly. 
Pfib-o-nair'ness, n. civility'; complaisance. 

Dec'a-chord, n. (Gr. deka, chorde) a 
musical instrument with ten strings. 

Dec'ade, n. (Gr. deka) the sum or 
number of ten. 

De-ca'dence, De-ca'den-cy, n. (L. de, 
cado) decay ; fall. 

Dec'a-gon, n. (Gr. deka,gonia) a figure 
having ten sides. 

Dec'a-logue, n. (Gr. deka, logos) the 

ten commandments. 
Pe-cal'o-gist, n. an expositor of the decalogue. 

De-camp 7 , v. (L. de, campus) to shift 
the camp ; to move off. 

De-ca'nal, a. (L. decanus) pertaining 
to a deanery. 

De-cant', v. (L. de, cantum) to pour off 

gently so as to leave the sediment. 
Pe-can'ter, n. a glass vessel for liquor. 

De-cap'i-tate,u.(L.rf£,cfl7)?jO to behead. 
Pe-c&p-i-ta'tion, n. the act of beheading. 

Dec'a-stTch, n. (Gr. deka, stichos) a 
poem of ten lines. 

De-cay', v. (L. de, cado) to lose excel- 
lence ; to decline ; to impair. — n. decline ; 
gradual failure. 

De-cay'ed-ness, n. state of decay. 

Pe-cay'er, n. that which causes decay. 

Pe-cay'ing, n. decline. 

De-cease', n. (L. de, cessum) departure 
from life ; death.— v. to die. 

De-ceive', v. (L. de, capio) to cause to 
mistake ; to impose upon ; to cheat; to mock. 
J)e-ceiv'a-ble, a. that may be deceived. 
Pe-9eiv'a-ble-ness,n.liableness to be deceived. 
Pe-peiv'er, n. one who deceives. 
Pe-peiv'ing, n. the act of cheating. 
Pe-geit', n. fraud ; a cheat ; artifice. 
Pe-peit'fQl, a. full of deceit ; fraudulent. 
Pe-geit'ful-ly, ad. fraudulently ; with deceit. 
Pe-peit'ful-ness, n. the being fraudulent. 
Pe-geit'less, a. free from deceit. 
Pe-pep'ti-ble, a. liable to be deceived. 
Pe-pep-ti-bll'i-ty ,n. liableness to be deceived. 
Pe-g£p'tion, n. the act of deceiving; fraud. 
Pe-cep'tious, a. apt to deceive. 
Pe-pgp'tive, a. having power to deceive. 

De-cem'ber, n. (L. decern) the last 
month of the year. 

De-cem'vi-rT, n. pi. (L.) ten men ap- 
pointed to draw up a code of laws in 
ancient Rome. 

Pc-pem'vi-ral, a. belonging to a decern virate. 

Pe-pem'vi-rate, n. government by ten men. 

De'cent, a. (L. deceo) becoming ; fit ; 

suitable ; modest ; grave. 
Pc'cen-gy, n. propriety ; modesty. 
De'cent-iy, ad. in a decent manner. 
De'pent-ness, n. propriety ; due formality. 

De-cen'ni-al, a. (L. decern, annus) con- 
tinuing ten years. 

De-cern', v. (L. de, cerno) to judge. 

De-cerpt', a. (L. de, carptum) cropped* 
De-cerp'tion, n. a cropping or taking off. 

De-cer-ta/tion, n. (L. de, certo) strife ; 
contest for mastery. 

De-ces'sion,7i.(L.Gte,c£ssMm) departure. 

De-charm', v. (L. de, carmen) to coun- 
teract a charm. 

De-cide', v. (L. de, ccedo) to fix the 
event of ; to determine; to settle. 

De-pld'a-ble, a. that may be decided. 

De-cid'ed, p. a. determined ; unequivocal. 

De-cld'ed-ly, ad. in a determined manner. 

De-pid'er, n. one who determines. 

De-pls'ion, n. determination of a difference, 
doubt, or event ; the act of separation. 

De-gl'sive, a. conclusive ; final ; positive. 

De-cl'sive-ly, ad. in a conclusive manner. 

De-cl'sive-ness, n. state of being decisive. 

Dec'i-dence,7i. (,cado) a falling off. 
De-cld'u-ous, a. falling ; not perennial. 

Dec'i-mal, a. (L. decern) numbered by 

ten. — n. a tenth. 
Dec'i-niate, v. to select every tenth. 
Dep-i-ma'tion, n. a selection of every tenth. 
Dep'i-ma-tor, n. one who decimates. 

Dec'i-mo-sex'to, n. (L.) a book in 

wliich the sheet is folded into sixteen leaves. 

De-ci'pher, v. (L. de, Fr. chiffre) to 

explain ; to unfold ; to unravel. 
De-cl'pher-er, n. one who deciphers. 

DSck, v. (S. decan) to dress ; to adorn. 

— n. the floor of a ship. 
Peck'er, n. one who dresses or adorns ; a 

ship having decks. 
Deck'ing, n. ornament. 

De-claim', v. (L. de, clamo) to speak 

to the passions ; to harangue. 
De-clalrn'er, n. one who declaims. 
Pe-claim'ing, n. an appeal to the passions. 
Dec-la-ma'tion, n. a discourse to the passions. 
Pfic-la-ma'tor, n. an orator ; a rhetorician. 
De-clam'a-to-ry, a. appealing to the passions 

De-clare', v. (L. de, clarits) to make 
known ; to proclaim ; to publish. 

De-clar'a-ble, a. capable of proof. 

D6c-la-ra'tion, n. an open expression ; an 
affirmation ; a proclamation. 

De-clar'a-tive, a. proclaiming; explanatory. 

De-clar'a-to-ry, a. affirmative ; expressive. 

De-clar'a-to-ri-ly, ad. by declaration. 

Pe-clar'ed-ly, ad. avowedly; openly. 

De-clare'ment, n. discovery ; testimony. 

De-clar'er, n. one who declares. 

De-clar'ing, n. publication ; exposition. 

De-clme', v. (L. de, clino) to lean ; to 
fail; to decay; to bring down; to shun ; 
to refuse; to inflect. — n. a falling off; di- 
minution; decay. 

De-clen'sion, n. tendency to fall ; degene- 
racy; descent; inflection of words. 

Pe-cll'na-ble, a. that may be declined. 

PSc-li-na'tion, n. the act of bending down ; 
descent ; variation ; deviation ; decay. 

Pge y li-na-tor, Pe-clln'a-to-ry, n. an instru- 
ment used in dialling. 

tube, tub, full ; cry, cr^pt, myrrh ; toll, boy, Our, now, new; cede, £e«i, raise, exist, thin. 





De-cliv'i-ty,n. {, clivus) a gradual 
descent ; a slope. 

De-coct', v. (L. de,coctum) to prepare 
by boiling ; to digest. 

De-c6c'tion, n. the act of boiling ; a prepa- 
ration made by boiling. 

De-collate, v. (L. de, collum) to behead. 
DSc-ol-la'tion, n. the act of beheading. 

De-col-o-ra'tion, n. (L. de, color) ab- 
sence of colour. 

De-com-pose', v. (, con, positurri) to 
separate the constituent parts ; to resolve 
into elementary principles; to dissolve. 

De-com-p6s'ite,a. compounded a second time. 

De-com-po-sl'tion, n. a separation of parts. 

De-com-pQtmd', v. to compound a second 
time. — a. compounded a second time. 

De-com-p6und'a-ble, a. liable to be dissolved. 

Dec'o-rate, v. (L. decor) to adorn ; to 

deck ; to embellish. 
Dec-o-ra'tion, n. ornament ; embellishment. 
De-co'rous, a. becoming ; proper ; decent. 
De-co'rous-ly, ad. in a becoming manner. 
De-co'rum, n. propriety; decency; order. 

De-cor'ti-cate,?;. (, cortex) to strip 

off bark ; to peel. 
De-cor-ti-ca/tion, n. the act of peeling. 

De-coy', v. (D. kooi) to lure into a 

snare ; to entrap. — n. a lure ; a snare. 
De-c&y'duck, n. a duck that lures others. 

De-crease', v. (L. de, cresco) to grow 
less ; to diminish.— n. state of growing 
less ; decay. 

DeVre-ment, n. decrease ; waste. 

De-cre'tion, n. the state of growing less. 

De-cree', v. (L. de, cretum) to deter- 
mine ; to ordain ; to appoint. — n. an edict ; 
a law ; a determination. 

De-cre'tal, a. pertaining to a decree. — n. a 
book of decrees or edicts. 

De-cre'tist, n. one who studies the decretal. 

De-cre'tive, a. having the power of decreeing. 

Dec-re-to'ri-al, a. belonging to a decree. 

Dec're-to-ry, a. judicial ; definitive ; critical. 

Dec're-to-ri-ly, ad. in a definitive manner. 

De-crep'it, a. (L. de, crepitum) wasted 

and worn by age or infirmity. 
De-crgp'it-ness, De-crgp'i-tude, n. a broken 

state of body from age or infirmity. 
De-crgp'i-tate, v. to crackle in the tire. 

De-crown', v. (L. de, corona) to deprive 

of a crown. 
De-crdwn'ing, n. the depriving of a crown. 

De-cry', v. (L. de, Fr. crier) to cry 

down ; to clamour against ; to censure. 
De-cri'al, n. clamorous censure. 
De-cri'er, n. one who decries. 

Dec-u-ba'tion, n. (L. de, cubo) the act 

of lying down. 
De-cunr'bence, De-cunVben-cy, n. the act of 

lying down ; the posture of lying. 
De-cum / bent, a. lying ; leaning ; bending. 
De-cum'bi-ture, n. confinement to bed. 

Dec'u-ple, a. (L. decern) tenfold. 
De-cu'n-on, n. a commander over ten. 
DeVu-ry, n. a body of ten men. 

De-cur rent, a. (L. de, curro) running 

or extending down-wards. 
De-cur / 8ion, n. the act of running down. 

De-cus'sate, v. (L. decusso) to inter- 
sect at acute angles. 
De-cus-sa'tion, n. the act of crossing. 

De-den-ti'tion, n. (L. de, dens) loss or 
shedding of the teeth. 

Ded'i-cate, v. (L. de, dico) to devote ; 
to consecrate ; to inscribe. — a. devoted ; 

Ded-i-ca/tion, n. the act of dedicating ; con- 
secration ; an address to a patron. 

Ded'i-ca-tor, n. one who dedicates. 

Ded'i-ca-to-ry, a. composing a dedication. 

De-di'tion, n. (L. de, do) a giving up ; 

De-duce', v. (L. de, duco) to draw 

from ; to infer ; to gather. 
De-duce'ment, n. the thing deduced. 
De-du'fi-ble, a. that may be deduced. 
De-duct', v. to take away ; to subtract. 
De-dQc'tion, n. that which is deducted ; 

abatement ; inference ; conclusion. 
De-duc'tive, a. that may be deduced. 
De-duc'tive-ly, ad. by regular deduction. 

Deed, n. (S. deed) an action ; an ex- 
ploit ; fact ; a writing containing a con- 
tract and the evidence of its execution. 

DeedlesSja. without action ; without exploits. 

Deem, v. (S. deman) to think ; to 
judge ; to determine ; to imagine. 

Deep, a. (S. deop) extending or being 
far below the surface ; profound ; low ; 
entering far ; sagacious ; insidious ; grave ; 
dark-coloured. — n. the ocean ; the most 
solemn or still part. — ad. to a great depth. 

Deep'en, deep'n, v. to make or grow deep. 

Deeply, ad. to a great depth ; profoundly. 

Pegp'ness, n. profundity; sagacity; craft. 

D6pth, n. measure from the surface down- 
wards ; a deep place ; the middle of a 
season ; abstruseness ; obscurity ; sagacity. 

Deep'draw-ing^.sinking deep into the water. 

Deep'mOuthed , a. having a hoarse loud voice. 

Deep'mus-ing, a. thinking profoundly. 

Deep'reaa, a. profoundly versed. 

Deer, n. (S. deor) an animal, hunted 

for venison. 

De-face', v. (L. de, facto) to destroy; 

to erase ; to disfigure. 
De-face'inent.n.injury ; erasure; destruction. 
De-fa'9er, n. one who defaces. 

De-fail'ance, n. (L. de,fallo) failure ; 


De-fal'cate, v. (L. de,faloc) to cut off. 
De-fal-ca/tion, n. diminution ; abatement. 

De-fame', v. (L. de, fauna) to slander ; 

to calumniate. 
Dgf-a-ma'tion, n. slander ; calumny. 
De-fam'a-to-ry, a. slanderous ; calumnious. 
De-fam'er, n. a slanderer ; a calumniator. 
De-fam'ing, n. slander ; detraction. 

De-f at'i-gate,v.(L. de,fatigo) to weary. 
De-fat'i-ga-ble, a. liable to be weary. 
De-fat-i-ga'tion, n. weariness ; fatigue. 

Fate, fat, far, fall; me, met, there, her; pine, pin, field, fir; note, n6t, nor, move, s6n; 




De-fault', n. (L. de, /alio) omission ; 

failure ; defect. — v. to fail in performing. 
De-fault'ed, a. having defect. 
De-fault'er, n. one who makes default. 

De-fea'sance, n. (L. de, faciei) the act 

of annulling. 
De-fea$'i-ble, a. that ma}' be annulled. 

De-feat', v. (L. de, factum) to over- 
throw ; to frustrate. — n. an overthrow. 

Def'e-cate, v. (L. de,fax) to purify; 
to cleanse. — a. purified. 

Def-e-ca/tion, n. purification. 

De-fect', n. (L. de, factum) want ; im- 
perfection ; fault. 
De-fec'ti-ble, a. imperfect ; liable to defect. 
De-fec-ti-bll'i-ty, n. the state of failing. 
De-fec'tion,n.want ; failure ; apostasy; revolt. 
De-fec'tive, a. wanting ; full of defects ; faulty. 
De-fSc'tive-ly, ad. in a defective manner. 
De-fec'tive-ness, n. state of being defective. 
De-fec'tu-ous, a. full of defects. 

De-fend', v. (L. defendo) to protect ; 

to maintain ; to fortify ; to repel. 
De-fSnce', n. protection ; guard ; vindication. 
De-fen ced, a. fortified. 
De-fenceress, a. without defence ; unarmed ; 

unprotected ; impotent. 
De-fenee'less-ness, n. an unprotected state. 
De-fend'a-ble, a. that may be defended. 
De-fSnd'ant, a. proper for defence ; making 

defence.— n. a person accused or sued. 
De-fend'er, n. one who defends. 
De-fen'sa-tive, n. guard ; a bandage. 
De-fen'si-ble, a. that may be defended. 
De-fen'sive, a. that serves to defend.— n. a 

safeguard ; state of defence. 
De-fen'sive-ly, ad. in a defensive manner. 

De-fer', v. (L. de,fero) to put off; to 

delay ; to submit. 

eTer-ence, fl. regard ; respect ; submission. 
Def'er-ent, a. carrying. — n. that which carries. 
De-fer'ment, n. delay; postponement. 
De-fer'rer, n. one who defers. 

De-f I'ance. See under Defy. 

De-fi'cient, a. (L. de, facio) failing; 

wanting ; imperfect. 
De-f Science, De-f I'cien-cy, n. want ; failing. 
DeTi-cit, n. want ; deficiency. 

De-f lie', v. (S. afylan) to make foul ; 

to pollute ; to corrupt. 
De-flle'ment, n. pollution ; corruption. 
De-f Il'er, n. one who defiles. 

De-file', v. (, filum) to go off file 
by file.— n. a narrow pass. 

De-fine', v. (L. de, finis) to explain; 
to describe ; to determine. 

De-f In'a-ble, a. that may be defined. 

De-f In'er, n. one who defines. 

DeTi-nite, a. certain ; exact ; precise. 

Defi-nite-ly, ad. in a definite manner. 

Def-i-nl' explanation ; a description. 

De-fln'i-tive, a. determinate ; positive ; ex- 
press. — n. that which ascertains or defines. 

De-fln'i-tive-ly, ad. positively; decisively. 

Def la-grate, v. (L. de, fiagro) to set 

fire to ; to burn. 
De-fla'gra-ble, a. combustible. 

DeT-la-gra-biFi-ty, n. combustibility. 
Def-la-gra'tion, n. burning; combustion. 

De-flect', v. (L. de, fiecto) to turn 

aside ; to deviate ; to bend. 
De-fleVtion, n. a turning aside ; deviation. 

De*-floiir', v. (L. de,fios) to deprive of 

flowers ; to ravish. 
Dgf-lo-ra'tion, n. the act of deflouring. 
De-flour'er, n. one who deflours. 

De-flow', v. (L. de,fiuo) to flow down. 
De-flux', De-flux'ion, n. a flowing down. 

Def-oe-da'tion, n. (L. de, foedus) the 
act of making filthy ; pollution. 

De-force', v. (,fortis) to keep out 
of possession by force. 

De-force'ment, n. a withholding by force. 

De-for'ci-ant, n. one who deforces. 

De-form', v. (L. de, forma) to spoil 

the form ; to disfigure. — a. disfigured. 
Def-or-ma'tion, n. a disfiguring; a defacing. 
De-formed', p. a. ugly ; crooked ; disfigured. 
De-form'ed-ly, ad. in an ugly manner. 
De-form'er, n. one who deforms or defaces. 
De-form'i-ty, n. ugliness ; crookedness. 

De-fraud', v. (L. de,fraus) to deprive 

of by trick ; to cheat. 
Dg-frau-da'tion, n. privation by fraud. 
De-fraud'er, n. one who defrauds ; a cheat. 
De-fraud'ment, n. privation by fraud. 

De-fray', v. (L. de, Fr.frais) to bear 

the charges of ; to pay. 
De-fray'er, n. one who defrays. 
De-fray'ment, n. payment of expenses. 

Deft, a. (S. da?fe) neat ; fit ; ready. 
Deft'ly, ad. neatly; dexterously. 
Deit'ness, n. neatness ; beauty. 

De-f unct', a. (L. de, functus) dead ; 

deceased.— n. a dead person. 
De-func'tion, n. death. 

De-fy', v. (L. de, fido) to challenge ; 
to dare ; to brave. 

De-f 1'ance, n. a challenge ; a daring. 

De-f I'a-tb-ry, a. bearing defiance. 

De-fl'er, n/one who defies. 

De-gen'er-ate, v. (L. de, genus) to de- 
cay in kind or virtue ; to become worse. — 
a. decayed in good qualities ; base. 

De-gen'er-a-cy, n. decay in goodness ; a grow- 
ing worse or inferior ; meanness. 

De-gen'er-ate-ly, ad. in a degenerate manner. 

De-gen-er-a'tion, n. the act of degenerating. 

De-gen'er-ous, a. fallen from goodness ; base. 

De-gen'er-ous-ly, ad. basely ; meanly. 

Deg-lu-ti'tion, ?i. (L. de,glutio) the act 

of swallowing. 
De-grade', v. (L. de, gradus) to lower 

in degree ; to dishonour. 
Deg-ra-da'tion, n. act of degrading ; baseness. 
De-grade'ment, n. deprivation of rank. 
De-grad'ing-ly, ad. in a depreciating manner. 
De-gree', n. quality ; rank ; station ; step ; 

order ; measure ; descent ; a title at a 

university; the 360th part of a circle; 60 

geographical miles. 
Deg-us ta'tion,n.(L.Gte,#w,s/o) a tasting. 

tuoe, tub, fail ; cry, cr?pt, myrrh ; toil, b6?, our, n6w, new ; cede, gem, raise, exist, thin. 




De-hort', v. (L. de,hortor) to dissuade. 
De-hor-ta'tion, n. dissuasion ; advice against. 
Pe-hor'ta-to-ry, a. belonging to dissuasion. 

Deign, dan, v. (L. dignus) to think 
worthy ; to condescend ; to grant. 

De'i-ty, w. (L. deus) the divine nature ; 

the Divine Being. 
Pe'i-clde, n. the act of putting to death our 

Saviour Jesus Christ. 
Pe'i-fy, v. to make a god of; to adore. 
De-Ifi-cal, a. making divine. 
De-i-fi-ca/tion, n. the act of deifying. 
Pe'i-fl-er, n. one who deifies. 
Pe'i-form, a. of a godlike form. 
Pe'i§m, n. the doctrine or creed of a deist. 
Delist, n. one who acknowledges the existence 

of God, but disbelieves revealed religion. 
Pe-ls'ti-cal, a. belonging to deism. 

De-ject', v. (L. de, jactum) to cast 
down ; to grieve ; to discourage ; to make 
sad. — a. cast down ; low spirited. 

Pe-jSct'ed-ly, ad. in a dejected manner. 

Pe-j6ct'ed-ness, n. the state of being dejected. 

De-jeVtion, n. lowness of spirits ; depression. 

Pe-j6ct'o-ry, a. having power to deject. 

Pe-jeVture, n. that which is dejected. 

De-lapsed', a. (L. de, lapsum) fallen 

De-lap'sion, n. a falling down. 

De-late', v. (L. de 9 latum) to carry ; to 

convey ; to accuse. 
De-la'tion. n. conveyance ; an accusation. 
De-la'tor, n. an accuser ; an informer. 

De-lay', v. (L. de, latum) to put off; to 
hinder ; to stop. — w.a putting off; stay; stop. 
De-lay'er, n. one who delays. 

Del'e-ble. See under Delete. 

De-lec'ta-ble, a. (L. delecto) pleasing ; 

De-lec'ta-ble-ness, n. delightfulness. 
De-lec'ta-bly, ad. delightfully; pleasantly. 
Pel-ec-ta'tion, n. pleasure ; delight. 

DeTe-gate, v. (L. de, lego) to send on 
an embassy; to intrust. — n. one sent to 
act for others ; a deputy. — a. deputed. 

Dei-e-ga'tion, n. the act of delegating. 

De-lete', v. (L. deletum) to blot out. 
PeTe-ble, a. that may be effaced. 
Pe-le'tion, n. the act of blotting out. 
PeTe-to-ry, a. that blots out. 
P61-e-te'ri-ous, a. deadly ; destructive. 
PeTe-ter-y, a. destructive ; poisonous. 

Delf, n. (S. delfan) a mine ; a quarry ; 
earthen ware, made at Delft. 

DeTi-bate,v.(L. de, libo) to taste ; to sip. 
Pel-i-ba'tion, n. a taste ; an essay. 

De-lib'er-ate, v. (L. de, libra) to weigh 
in the mind ; to think ; to consider.— a. 
circumspect ; wary ; slow. 

Pe-llb'er-ate-ly, ad. circumspectly ; slowly. 

Pe-ltb'er-ate-ness,n.circumspection ; caution. 

Pe-llb-er-a'tion, n. the act of deliberating ; 
thought ; consideration. 

Pe-ltb'er-a-tive, a. pertaining to deliberation. 
— n. a discourse in which a subject is deli- 
berated or discussed. 

Pe-llb'er-a-tive-ly, ad. by deliberation. 

Del'i-ca-gy, n. (L. delieice) daintiness ; 
nicety ; softness ; politeness ; gentle treat- 
ment; scrupulousness; weakness. 

PeTi-cate, a. nice ; dainty; fine; soft. — n. a 
nicety ; a rarity. 

PeTi-cate-ly, ad. in a delicate manner. 

Pgl'i-cate-ness, n. the state of being delicate 

Pe-ll'cious, a. highly pleasing ; sweet. 

Pe-ll'cious ly, ad. pleasantly ; sweetly. 

Pe-ll'^ious-ness, n. pleasure ; delight. 

Pe-light', de-lit', n. great pleasure ; that 
which gives great pleasure. — v. to please 
greatly ; to have pleasure in. 

Pe-llght'er, n. one who takes delight. 

Pe-lIghVful, a. pleasant ; charming. 

Pe-llght'ful-ly, ad. pleasantly; charmingly. 

Pe-llght'ful-ness, n. pleasure ; satisfaction. 

Pe-lightless, a. wanting delight. 

Pe-llght'some, a. pleasant ; delightful. 

Pe-llght'some-ness, n. pleasantness. 

Del-i-ga'tion, n. (L. de, ligo) a binding 
up ; a bandaging. 

De-lm'e-ate, v. (L. de, lined) to de- 
sign ; to sketch ; to paint. 

Pe-lln'e-a-ment, n. a drawing ; a painting. 

De-lIn-e-a r tion,n. the first draught of a thing ; 
an outline ; a representation ; a description. 

De-lm'quent, n. (L. de, linquo) an of- 
fender ; one who has committed a crime. 
Pe-lln'quen-cy, n. a fault ; a misdeed. 

Del'i-quate, v. (, liqueo) to melt. 
Pe-llq'ui-um, n. (L.) a melting or dissolving 
in the air ; a fainting ; loss. 

De-lir'i-um, n. (L.) disorder of the in- 
tellect ; alienation of mind. 
Pe-llr'a-ment, n. a doting or foolish fancy. 
Pe-llr'an-cy, PSl-i-ra'tion, n. folly; dotage. 
Pe-llr'i-ous, a. lightheaded ; raving. 
Pe-llr'i-ous-ness, n. state of being delirious. 

Del-i-tes'cence, n. (L. de, lateo) retire- 
ment ; ooscurity. 

De-Kv'er, v. (L. de, liber) to set free ; 
to release ; to rescue ; to surrender ; to 
give ; to utter ; to disburden of a child. 

Pe-llv'er-ance, n. the act of delivering. 

Pe-llv'er-er, n. one who delivers. 

Pe-llv'er-y, n. the act of delivering ; release ; 
rescue ; surrender ; utterance ; childbirth. 

Dell, n. (D. dal) a hollow. 

Delph. See Delf. 

DeTta, n. (Gr.) a triangular tract of 

land towards the mouth of a river. 
PeTt6Id, a. shaped like a delta ; triangular. 

De-lude', v. (L. de, ludo) to beguile ; 
to cheat ; to disappoint. 

De-lud'a-ble, a. liable to be deceived. 

Pe-lud'er, n. one who deludes. 

Pe-lud"ing, n. collusion ; falsehood. 

Pe-lu'ston, n. the act of deluding; decep- 
tion ; fraud ; false representation ; error. 

Pe-lu r sive, a. tending to deceive. 

Pe-lu'sive-ness, n. tendency to deceive. 

Pe-lu'so-ry, a. apt to deceive. 

Del'uge, n. (L. diluvium) an inunda- 
tion ; a flood.— v. to drown ; to overwhelm. 

Fate, fat, far, fall; me, m6t, there, her; pine, pin, field, fir; note, n5t, nor, move, son; 




Delve, v. (S. delfan) to dig. 
DeTver, n. one who digs. 

Dem'a-gogue, n. (Gr. demos , ##o) a 
leader of the populace ; a popular and 
factious orator. 

De-main', De-mesne', de-men', n. (L. 
dominus) an estate in land ; land adjoining 
a mansion. 

De-mand', v. (L. de, mando) to ask or 
claim with authority; to question.— n. a 
claim ; a question ; a calling. 

De-niand'a-ble, a. that may be demanded. 

De-mand'ant, n. a plaintiff in an action. 

De-mand'er, n. one who demands. 

De-mar-ca'tion, n. (L. de, S. mearc) 
division ; separation of territory. 

De-mean', v. (L. de, Fr. mener) to be- 
have ; to conduct ; to lessen. 
De-mean'our, n. behaviour ; carriage. 

De-men'tate, v. (L. de, mens) to make 

mad. — a. mad ; infatuated. 
Pe-men-ta'tion, n. the act of making mad. 

De-merge', v. (L. de, mergo) to plunge 

into ; to sink down. 
De-mersed', a. plunged into ; drowned. 
Pe-mer'sion, n. a plunging into ; a drowning. 

De-mer'it, n. (L. de, meritum) ill de- 
sert ; tault. 

De-mesne'. See Demain. 

Dem'i-dev-il,?i.(L. dimidium,S.deofol) 
half a devil. 

Dem'i-god, n. (L. dimidium, S. god) a 
deified hero. 

Dem'i-lance, n. (L. dimidium, lancea) 

a short spear. 
Dem-i-na'tured, a. (L. di?nidium, na- 

tum) partaking half the nature of another 

Dem'i-rep, n. (demi-reputation) a 

woman of suspicious chastity. 

Dem'i-wolf, n. (L. dimidium, S. wulf) 

half a wolf. 
De-mLse', n. (L. de, missum) death ; 

decease.— v. to grant by will. 
De-mls'sion, n. degradation ; depression. 
Pe-mlss', De-mls'sive, a. humble. 
De-mlt', v. to depress ; to submit. 

De-moc'ra-yy, n. (Gr. demos, kratos) 

government by the people. 
Dem'o-erat, De-moc'ra-tist, n. one devoted 

to democracy. 
Dem-o-crat'ic, Dein-o-crat'i-cal, a. relating 

to a popular government. 
Dem-o-crat'i-cal-ly, ad. in a democratical 


De-mol'ish, v. (L. de, moles) to throw 

down ; to destroy. 
Pe-mSHsh-er, n. one who demolishes. 
De-mOl'ish-ment, n. destruction ; ruin. 
Dem-o-ll'tion, n. the act of demolishing. 

De'mon, n. (Gr. daimon) a spirit ; an 

evil spirit ; a devil. 
De'mon-ess, n. a female demon. 

De-mo'ni-ac, Dgrn-o-nl'a'-cal, a. belonging to 

demons \ devilish. 
De-mo / ni-ac, n. one possessed by a demon. 
De-mo'ni-an, a. of the nature of demons. 
De-mon-61'a-try, n. the worship of demons. 
De-mon-ol'o-gy, n. a treatise on demons. 
De-mSn'o-misf , n. one subject to demons. 
De-mOn'o-my, n. the dominion of demons. 
De'mon-ship, n. the state of a demon. 

De-mon'strate, v. (L. de, monstro) to 
show plainly ; to prove with certainty. 

De-mOn'stra-ble, a, that may be demon- 
strated ; that may be proved beyond doubt 
or contradiction. 

De-mOn'stra-ble-ness, n. the quality of being 

De-m&n'stra-bly, ad. evidently; clearly. 

Dem-on-stra'tion, n. the highest degree of 
evidence ; certain proof. 

De-mOn'stra-tive, a. invincibly conclusive. 

De-mon'stra-tive-ly, ad. clearly; plainly. 

Dem / on-stra-tor, n. one who demonstrates. 

De-mor'al-ize, v. (L. de, 7710s) to render 

corrupt in morals. 
De-mOr-al-i-za'tion, n. destruction of morals. 

De-mul'cent, a. (, mulceo) soften- 
ing; mollifying. 

De-miir', v. (, mora) to delay ; to 
pause; to hesitate. — n. doubt; he^tation. 

De-mur'rage, n. an allowance paid for de 
taining ships beyond trie appointed time. 

De-mur'rer, n. one who demurs. 

De-mure', a. (Fr. des,mceurs) sober' 

grave ; affectedly modest. 
De-mure'ly, ad. with affected modesty. 
De-mure'ness, n. soberness ; gravity. 

Den, n. (S. denu) a cavern ; the cave 
of a wild beast. — v. to dwell in a den. 

Den'a-ry,n. (L. denarius) the number 
of ten. 

De-na'tion-al-ize, v. (L. de, natum) to 
deprive of national rights. 

De-ni'al. See under Deny. 

Den'i -grate, v. (L. de,niger) to blacken. 
Den-i-gra'tion, n. a blackening. 

Den'i-zen, n. (W. dinasddyn) a free- 
man. — v. to make free. 
Den-i-za'tion, n. the act of making free. 

De-nom'i-nate, v. (L. de, nomen) to 

name ; to give a name to. 
De-nom'i-na-ble, a. that may be named. 
De-nom-i-na'tion, n. the act of naming; a 

name ; an appellation ; a class. 
De-n6m'i-na-tive, a. that gives a name. 
De-nCml-na-tor, n. the giver of a name. 

De-note', v. (L. de, noto) to mark ; to 

be a sign of; to betoken. 
De-no r ta-ble, a. that may be denoted. 
Den-o-ta'tion, n. the act of denoting. 
De-no'ta-tive, a. having power to denote. 
De-note'ment, n. sign ; indication ; token. 

De-jwunge' ,,nuncio) to threaten 

publicly ; to inform against ; to accuse. 
De-nQunce'inent, n. the act of denouncing. 
De-n6ihrcer, n. one who denounces. 

tube, tub, full; cry, crypt, myrrh ; toll, b6^, Stir, ndw, new; fede, ^em, raise, exist, thin. 




De-nun'ci-ate, v. to threaten ; to denounce. 
De-nun-ci-a'tion, n. the act of denouncing ; 

a public menace ; proclamation. 
De-ntin'ci-a-tor, n. one who denounces. 

Dense, a. (L. densus) thick ; close. 
DSn'si-ty, n. closeness ; compactness. 

Dent'al,a.(L.efe?2s) relatingto the teeth. 
Den-tlc-u-la'tion, n. the being set with teeth. 
D6nt'i-fri9e, n. a powder for the teeth. 
Dent'ist, n. one who cures diseases of the teeth. 
Den-tl'tion, n. the breeding of teeth. 

De-nude', v. (L. de, nudus) to make 

naked ; to strip. 
De-nu'date, t\ to strip ; to divest. 
Den-u-da'tion, n. the act of stripping. 

De-ny', v. (L. de, nego) to contradict ; 

to refuse ; to disown. 
Pe-nl'a-ble, a. that may be denied. 
De-nl'al, n. negation ; refusal ; abjuration. 
De-nl'er, n. one who denies. 

De-ob-struct', v. (L. de, ob, structwri) 

to remove obstructions. 
De-6b'stru-ent, a. removing obstructions. — 

n. that which removes obstructions. 

De'o-dand, n. (L. Dens, do) a thing 
forfeited to the king for pious uses. 

De-op'pi-late, v. (,ob,pilo) to clear 

from obstructions. 
De-6p-pi-la'tion, n. the act of clearing from 

De-6p / pi-la-tive, a. removing obstructions. 

De-6r-di-na'tion, n. (L. de, ordo) dis- 

De-os-cu-la'tion, n. (L. de, osculum) 
the act of kissing. 

De-paint', v. (L. de, pingo) to picture ; 
to describe. 

De-part', v. (L. de, pars) to go away ; 
to leave ; to die. 

De-part'ing, n. a going away; separation. 

De-part'ment, n. a separate office or division. 

De-part-ment'al, a. belonging to a depart- 
ment or province. 

De-par'ture, n. a going away; death. 

De-pas'ture, v. (L. de,pastum) to eat 
up ; to feed ; to graze. 

De-pau'per-ate, v. (L. de, pauper) to 
make poor. 

De-pec'ti-ble, a. (L. de, pecto) tough ; 
clammy; tenacious. 

De-pec-u-la'tion, n. (L. de, peculium) 
a robbing of the state. 

De-pend', v. (L. de, pendeo) to hang 
from ; to rely on. 

De-penMant, De-pen'dent, a. hanging down ; 
subordinate ; relying on. — n. one subordi- 
nate ; a retainer. 

De-pen / den£e, De-p6n'den-cy, n. state of 
being subordinate ; connexion ; reliance. 

De-pgn'der, n. one who depends. 

De-pgn'ding, p. a. hanging down ; undecided. 

De-per'dit, n. (L. de,per, do) any thing 

lost or destroyed. 
De-per-dl'tion/w. loss ; destruction. 

De-phleg'mate, v. (L. de, Gr. phlegma) 

to clear from phlegm. 
De-phleg-ma'tionjft.the separation of phlegm. 

De-pict', v. (L. de, pxctum) to paint ; 

to portray; to describe. 
De-plc'ture, v. to represent in colours. 

Dep-i-la'tion, n. (L. de, pilus) the act 

of pulling off the hair. 
De-pll'a-to-ry, a. taking away the hair. 

De-ple'tion, n. (L . de, pletum) the act 
of emptying. 

De-plore', v. (L. de, ploro) to lament ; 

to bewail ; to mourn. 
De-plo'ra-ble, a. lamentable ; sad. 
De-plo'ra-ble-nessjn.state of being deplorable. 
De-plo'ra-bly, ad. lamentably ; miserably. 
D6p-lo-ra r tion, n. the act of deploring. 
De-plo'red-ly, ad. lamentably. 
De-plo'rer, n. one who deplores. 

De-ploy', v. (L. de,plico) to display; 
to open ; to extend. 

De-plume', v. (L. de, pluma) to strip 
of feathers. 

De-pone', v. (, pono) to lay down 
as a pledge ; to bear testimony. 

De-po r nent, n. a witness ; an evidence. — a. 
having a passive form with an active sig- 

De-pop'u-late, v. (L. de, popuhis) to 

unpeople ; to lay waste. 
De-pop-u-la/tion, n. destruction ; waste. 
De-pop'u-la-tor, n. one who depopulates. 

De-port', v., porto) to carry; tu 

demean ; to behave. — n. demeanour. 
DSp-or-ta'tion, n. a carrying away ; exile. 
De-port'ment, n. conduct ; demeanour. 

De-pose', v. (L. de, positum) to lay 

down ; to degrade ; to bear witness. 
De-pos'a-ble, a. that may be deposed. 
De-pos/al, n. the act of deposing. 
De-pos/er, n. one who deposes. 
De-pos/ing, n. the act of dethroning. 
De-p6§'it, v. to lay down ; to lodge in trust. 

— n. any thing lodged in trust ; a pledge. 
De-pos/i-ta-ry, n. one with whom any thing 

is lodged in trust. 
De-pds/it-ing, n. a laying aside. 
Dep-o-si'tion, n. the act of deposing. 
De-p6s/i-to-ry,n. a place for lodging any thing. 
De-pot r , de-po', n. (Fr.) a place for stores ; a 


De-prave', v. (L. de,pravus) to vitiate; 

to corrupt ; to contaminate. 
Dep-ra-va'tion, n. the act of depraving. 
De-praved'ly, ad. in a corrupt manner. 
De-praved'ness, n. corruption ; taint. 
De-prave'ment, n. vitiated state ; corruption. 
De-prav r er, n. one who depraves. 
De-prav'ing, n. the act of traducing. 
De-prav'i-ty, n. corruption ; wickedness. 

Dep're-cate, v. (L. de, precor) to beg 
off ; to pray that evil may be averted. 

Dep're-ca-ble, a. to be averted. 

Dep-re-ca'tion, n. prayer against ; entreaty. 

Dep're-ca-tive, Dep're-ca-to-ry,a. that serves 
to deprecate ; apologetic. 

Fate, fat, far, fall; me, mSt, there, her; pine, pin, field, fir; note, not, nor, move, son; 




De-pre'ci-ate, v. (L. de, pretium) to 
lessen the price ; to undervalue. 

De-pre-ci-a'tion, n. the act of lessening the 
price or value. 

De-pre'ci-a-tor, n. one who depreciates. 

Dep're-date, v. (L. de, prceda) to rob ; 

to pillage ; to spoil. 
Dep-re-da'tion,7i.a robbing ; a spoiling ; waste. 
Dep're-da-tor, n. a robber ; a spoiler. 

De-pred'i-cate, v. (L. de, prcs, dico) to 
proclaim ; to commemorate. 

Dep-re-hend', v. (L. de, prehendo) to 

catch ; to discover. 
Dep-re-hen'si-ble, a. that may be caught 
Dep-re-hen'sion, n. a catching ; a discovery. 

De-press', v. (L. de, pressum) to press 

down ; to humble ; to deject. 
De-pres'sion, n. the act of pressing down ; 

abasement ; dejection. 
De-preVsive, a. tending to depress. 
De-preYsor, n. one that depresses. 
Dep'ri-ment, a. pressing down. 

De-prive', v. (L. de, privo) to take 

from ; to bereave ; to debar. 
De-prlv'a-ble, a. liable to deprivation. 
Dgp-ri-va'tion, n. act of depriving ; loss. 
De-prlve'ment, n. the state of losing. 
De-priv'er, n. one who deprives. 

Depth. See under Deep. 

De-puTsion, n. (L. de,pulsum) a driv- 
ing away. 

Dep'u-rate, v. (L. de, purus) to purify; 

to cleanse. — a. purified ; cleansed. 
Dep-u-ra'tion, n. the act of purifying. 

De-pute', v. (L. de, puto) to send with 
a commission ; to empower to act. 

Dep-u-ta'tion, n. the act of deputing; the 
persons deputed. 

Dep'u-ty, n. one who transacts business for 
another ; a lieutenant ; a viceroy. 

De-rac'i-nate, v. (L. de, radio;) to pluck 
up by the roots. 

De-range', v. (L. de, Fr. ranger) to 

disorder ; to embarrass. 
De-range'ment, n. disorder ; insanity. 

Der'e-lTct, a. (L. de, re, linquo) Wil- 
fully relinquished, 
D6r-e-lIc'tion, n. the act of forsaking. 

De-ride', v. (L. de, rideo) to laugh at ; 

to mock ; to ridicule. 
De-rld'er, n. a mocker ; a scoffer. 
De-rld'ing-ly, ad. in a jeering manner. 
De-rl^ion, n. the act of deriding; scorn. 
De-rl'sive, a. mocking ; scoffing. 
De-rl'sive-ly, ad. in a derisive manner. 
De-ri'so-ry, a. mocking ; ridiculing. 

De-rlve', v. (L. de, rivus) to draw 
from ; to deduce ; to receive. 

De-rl'va-ble, a. that may be derived. 

Der-i-va'tion, n. the act of deriving ; the trac- 
ing of a word from its original. 

De-rlv'a-tive, a. derived from another. — n. 
the thing or word derived from another. 

De-rlv'a-tive-ly, ad. in a derivative manner. 

De-rlv r er, n. one who derives. 

Dero-gate, v. (L. de, rogo) to take 
away ; to detract. — a. degraded. 

DeVo-gate-ly, ad. in a manner to derogate. 

Der-o-ga'tion, n. the act of taking away 
from reputation or honour ; detraction. 

De-rog / a-to-ry, a. detracting ; lessening. 

De-rogVto-ri-ly, ad. in a detracting manner. 

Der'vis, n. (P.) a Turkish monk. 

Des'cant, n. (L. de, cantum) a song or 

tune in parts ; a discourse. 
Des-cant', v. to sing in parts ; to discourse. 
Des-cant'ing, n. remark ; conjecture. 

De-scend', v. (L. de, scando) to go or 

come down ; to fall ; to sink. 
De-scend'ant, n. the offspring of an ancestor. 
De-spend'ent, a. coming down ; falling. 
De-s^end'er, n. one who descends. 
De-sc£nd'i-ble, a. that may be descended. 
De-sc6nd-i-biri-ty, n. the being descendible. 
De-scen'sion, n. a going downward. 
De-scent', n. the act of descending ; progress 

downwards; declivity; invasion; birth; 


De-scribe', v. (L. de, scribo) to deli- 
neate ; to mark out ; to represent by words. 

De-scrlb'a-ble, a. that may be described. 

De-scrlb'er, n. one who describes. 

De-scrlp'tion, n. the act of describing; re- 
presentation ; delineation ; definition. 

De-scrlp'tive, a. containing description. 

De-scry', v. (L. de, Ft. crier 11 .) to spy 

at a distance ; to detect ; to discover. 
De-scrl'er, n. one who descries. 

Des'e-crate, v. (L. de, sacer) to divert 

from a sacred purpose ; to profane. 
Des-e-cra'tion, n. the act of desecrating. 

De-sert', v. (L. de, sertum) to forsake ; 

to leave ; to abandon. 
DeYert, n. a wilderness ; solitude ; waste — 

a. wild ; waste ; uninhabited. 
De-^ert'er, n. one who deserts. 
De-^eVtion, n. the act of deserting. 

De-serve', v. (L. de, servio) tobe worthy 

of ; to merit. 
De-sert', n. merit or demerit ; reward. 
De-sert'ful, a. meritorious. 
De-|ert'less, a. without merit. 
De-sert'less-ly, ad. undeservedly. 
De-|erv'ed-ly, ad. according to desert. 
De-§erv'er, n. one who deserves. 
De-serv'ing, ?i. degree of merit or demerit. 
De-^erv'ing-ly, ad. worthily. 

De-sic'cate, v. (L. de, sicco) to dry up ; 

to grow dry. 
De-slc'cant, n. that which dries up. 
Des-ic-ca'tion, n. the act of making dry. 
De-slc'ca-tive, a. having the power of drying. 

— n. that which absorbs moisture. 

De-sid'er-ate, v. (h.desidero) to want ; 

to miss ; to desire. 
De-sld-er-a'tum, n. that which is desired or 

wanted : pi. de-sld-er-a'ta. 

De-sign', de-sin', v. (L. de, signo) to 
purpose ; to intend ; to plan ; to "project ; 
to sketch out.— n. a purpose ; an intention ; 
a scheme ; a plan ; a sketch. 

De-sign'a-ble, a. that may be designed. 

tube, tQb, full ; cry, crypt, myrrh ; toil, bo>', Our, now, new ; cede, gem, rai§e, exist, thin. 




DeVig-nate, v. to paint out ; to distinguish. 
Des-ig-na'tion, n. the act of pointing out ; 

that which distinguishes .; appointment. 
De-slgn'ed-ly, ad. purposely ; intentionally. 
De-slgn'er, ft. one who designs ; a plotter. 
De-sign'ful-ness, ft. abundance of design. 
De-sign'ing, p. a. insidious ; treacherous. — 

ft. the art of delineating. 
De-slgnless, a, without design ; inadvertent. 
De-slgn'less-ly, ^.inadvertently ; ignorantly. 
De-slgn'nient, n. purpose ; scheme ; sketch. 

Des'i-nenee, n. (L. de, sino) a close. 
Des'i-nent, a. ending; extreme; lowermost. 

De-sire', v. (L. desidero) to wish; to 
long for ; to ask.— w. wish ; eagerness to 
obtain or enjoy. 

De-slr'a-ble, a. worthy of desire ; pleasing. 

De-§Ir'a-ble-ness, n. the being desirable. 

De-§Ir'er, ft. one who desires. 

De-§Ire'less, a. without desire. 

De-s_Ir'ous, a. full of desire ; eager. 

De-fir'ous-ly, ad. with desire ; eagerly. 

De-sist', v, (L. de, sisto) to cease from ; 

to stop ; to forbear. 
De-sls'tance, ft. a stopping ; cessation. 

Des'i-tive,a. (L. de,situm)endmg; final. 

Desk, n. (S. disc) an inclined table 
for writing or reading. 

Des'o-late, a. (L. de, solus) without 
inhabitants ; laid waste ; solitary. — v. to 
lay waste ; to make desert. 

Des'o-late-ly, ad. in a desolate manner. 

DeVo-la-ter, ft. one who desolates. 

DSs-o-la'tion, ft. destruction ; waste. 

Dgs'o-la-to-ry, a. causing desolation. 

De-spair', n. (L. de, spero) loss of hope. 

— v. to be without hope ; to despond. 
De-spair'er, ft. one without hope. 
De-spair'ing-ly, ad. in a despairing manner. 
DSs-pe-ra'do, ft. one who is desperate. 
DeVpe-rate, a. without hope ; furious. 
Des'pe-rate-ly, ad. furiously ; violently. 
DeVpe-rate-ness, ft. madness ; fury. 
D£s-pe-ra/tion, ft. hopelessness ; fury. 

De-spatch', v. (Fr. depecher) to send 
away hastily ; to perform quickly ; to con- 
clude ; to kill. — ft. haste ; speed ; an ex- 
press ; a message. 

De-spatch'er, ft. one that despatches. 

De-spat^h'ful, a. bent on haste. 

De-spise', v. (L. de, specio) to scorn ; 

to disdain ; to contemn. 
De-speVtion, ft. a looking down ; a despising. 
DeVpi-ca-ble,a.contemptible; vile; worthless. 
DeVpi-ca-ble-ness, n. meanness ; vileness. 
DeYpi-ca-bly, ad, meanly; vilely. 
De-spl r cien-cy, ft. a looking down ; contempt. 
De-spls/a-ble, a. contemptible ; despicable. 
De-spI^al, ft. scorn ; contempt. 
De-spls'ed-ness, n. state of being despised. 
De-spis'er, ft. one who despises ; a scorner. 
De-spI^ing, w. scorn ; contempt. 

De-spite', n, (L. de, spectum) malice ; 

defiance. — v. to vex ; to offend. 
Pe-splte'ful, a. malicious ; full of spleen. 
De-splte'ful-ly, ad. maliciously ; malignantly. 
De-splte'ful-ness, ft. malice ; hate ; malignity. 

De-spoil', v. (L. de, spolio) to rob ; to 

deprive ; to divest 

De-spond', v. (L. de, spondeo) to lose 

hope ; to despair. 
De-sp5n'den-cy, n. hopelessness ; despair. 
De-sp&n'dent, a. hopeless ; despairing. 
De-spfln'dent-ly, ad. without hope. 
De-spdnMer, ». one who desponds. 
De-sp6n'ding4y # ad. in a hopeless manner. 

Des-pon-si'tion, n. (L. de, sponsum) 
the act of betrothing. 

Des'pot, n. (Gr. despotes) an absolute 

prince ; a tyrant. 
De-sp5t r ic, De-sp6t'i-cal, a. absolute in 

power; arbitrary; tyrannical. 
De-spGt'i-cal-ly, ad. in an arbitrary manner. 
DeYpo-ti§m, n. absolute power ; tyranny. 

De-spu'mate, v, (L. de, spuma) to 

throw off in foam ; to froth. 
DSs-pu-ma/tion, ft. foam ; froth ; scum. 

Des-sert', n, (L. de, servio) fruit served 
after meat. 

DeVtine, v. (L. destino) to doom ; to 

appoint ; to devote. 
DeYti-nate, v. to design for any end. 
Des-ti-na/tion, n. purpose; end; design. 
DeVti-ny, n. fate ; invincible necessity. 

Des'ti-tute, a. (L. de,statuo) forsaken ; 

friendless ; in want. 
Dgs-ti-tu'tion, n. want ; poverty. 

De-stroy', v. (L. de, struo) to ruin ; to 

lay waste ; to kill. 
De-strOy'a-ble, a. that may be destroyed. 
De-strO^'er, ft. one who destroys. 
De-striie'ti-ble, a. liable to destruction. 
De-struc r tion, ft. the act of destroying ; ruin ; 

murder ; eternal death. 
De-struc'tive, a. that destroys ; ruinous. 
De-struc'tive-ly, ad. in a destructive manner. 
De-struc'tive-nesSjft.the quality of destroying. 

Des'ue-tude, n. (L. de, suetum) cessa- 
tion of use ; disuse. 

Des'ul-to-ry, a. (L. de, saltum) roving 

from one tiling to another. 
DeVul-to-ri-ly, ad. without method. 
DSs'ul-to-ri-ness, n. the being desultory. 

De-sume', v. (L. de, sumo) to take 
from ; to borrow. 

De-tach', v. (Fr. detacher) to sepa- 
rate ; to send off a party. 
De-tafh'ment, ft. a party detached. 

De-tail', v. (L. de, Fr. tailler) to relate 

particularly.— w. a particular account. 
De-tail r er, w. one who details. 

De-tain', v. (L. de, teneo) to keep 
back ; to withhold ; to restrain. 

De-tain'er, ft. one that detains. 

De-tgn'tion, ft. the act of detaining. 

De-tln'ue, ft. a writ against a person thai 
detains unlawfully. 

De-tect', v. (L. de, tectum) to discover ; 

to find out a crime or artifice. 
De-teVter, ft. one who detects. 
De-tSc'tion, ft. discovery of guilt or fraud. 

Fate, fat, far, fall; me, m6t, there, her; pine, pin, field, fir; note, not, nor, m6ve, son; 




De-ter', v. (L. de, terreo) to discourage 

by terror ; to prevent. 
De-teVment, n. the act or cause of deterring. 

De-terge', v. (L. de, terged) to cleanse. 
De-teVgent, a. having the power of cleansing. 

— n. that which cleanses. 
De-ter'sion, n. the act of cleansing. 
De-ter'sive, a. cleansing.— n. a medicine 

which cleanses. 
De-te'ri-o-rate,v. (L.deterior) to make 

worse ; to impair. 
De-te-ri-o-ra 7 tion, n. act of making worse. 

De-ter'mine, v. (L. de, terminus) to 
fix ; to settle ; to conclude ; to bound ; to 
resolve ; to decide. 

De-teVmi-na-ble, a. that may be decided. 

Pe-teVmi-nate, a. fixed ; limited; definite. 

De-teVmi-nate-ly, ad. definitely ; certainly. 

Pe-ter-mi-na 7 tion, n. resolution ; decision. 

De-teVmi-na-tive, a. directing to an end. 

De-teVmi-na-tor, n. one who determines. 

De-teVmined, p. a. firm in purpose; resolute. 

De-ter'mi-ner, n. one who determines. 

De-ter-ra'tion, n. (L. de, terra) a 

taking out of the earth. 

De-test', v. (L. de, testis) to hate ex- 
tremely ; to abhor. 

De-tgst 7 a-ble, a. extremely hateful ; odious. 

Pe-test'a-bly, ad. hatefully; abominably. 

De-t6st 7 a-ble-ness, n. the being detestable. 

Pet-es-ta lion, n. hatred; abhorrence. 

De-test'er, n. one who detests. 

De-throne', v. (L. de, thronus) to re- 
move or drive from a throne. 
De-throne'ment, n. the act of dethroning. 
De-thron 7 er, n. one who dethrones. 

De-tin'ue. See under Detain. 

Det'o-nate, Det'o-nlze, v. (L. de, tono) 

to explode. 
Det-o-na'tion, n. the act of exploding. 

De-tort', v. (L. de, tortum) to twist ; 

to wrest ; to pervert. 
De-tor 7 tion, n. a wresting; perversion. 
De-tour 7 , n. (Ft.) a turning ; a circuit. 

De-tract', v. (L. de, tr actum) to take 

away ; to derogate ; to defame. 
De-trac'ter, De-trac / tor, n. one who detracts. 
De-trading-ly, ad. so as to defame. 
De-trac'tion, n. a taking away; slander. 
De-trac'tive, a. tending to detract. 
De-trac r to-ry, a. defamatory ; derogatory. 
De-trac'tress, n. a censorious woman. 
Det'ri-ment, n. (L. detrimentum) loss ; 

damage; harm. 
DSt-ri-ment'al, a. causing loss ; injurious. 

De-trude', v. (L. de, trudo) to thrust 

down ; to force into a lower place. 
De-tru'§ion, n. the act of thrusting down. 

De-trun-ca'tion, n. (, truncus) the 

act of lopping or cutting off. 
De-ttir'pate, v. (, turpis) to defile ; 

to pollute. 
Deuce, n. (Fr. deux) two. 
Deu-ter-og'a-my, n. (Gr. deuteros, ga- 

mos) a second marriage. 

Deu-ter-6g / a-mist, n. one who enters into a 
second marriage. 

Deu-ter-on'o-my, n. (Gr. deuteros, 
nomos) the recapitulation of the law ; the 
fifth book of Moses. 

De-vas'tate,v.(L.^£,uasfo) to lay waste. 
Dev-as-ta'tion, n. waste ; havoc ; desolation. 

De-vel'op, v. (Fr. developper) to un- 
fold ; to uncover ; to unravel. 
De-veTop-ment, n. an unfolding ; disclosure. 

De'vi-ate, v. (L. de, via) to wander 

from the right way ; to err. 
De-vi-a'tion, n. a wandering from the right 

way ; error ; sin ; variation. 
De'vi-ous, a. out of the common track. 

De-vice'. See under Devise. 

DeVil, n. (S. deofol) a fallen angel; 

an evil spirit ; Satan. 
DeVil-ish, a. like a devil ; wicked. 
Dev'il-ish-ly, ad. in a devilish manner. 
DeVil-ish-ness, n. the quality of a devil. 
Dev'il-ism, n. the state of devils. 
DeVil-lze, v. to place among devils. 
DeVil-ship, n. the character of a devil. 

De-vise', v. (L. di, visum) to contrive ; 

to invent ; to plan. 
De-vice 7 , n. a contrivance ; a design ; *-« 

vention ; an emblem ; a spectacle. 
De-v^e'ful, a. full of devices ; inventive. 
De-vlfe^ul-ly, ad. in a deviceful manner. 
De-vls/a-ble, a. that may be devised. 
De-vls/er, n. a contriver ; an inventor. 

De-vise', v. (L. divisum) to grant by 

will.— n. the act of bequeathing by will. 
De-vls'a-ble, a. that may be granted by will. 
De-vi|'or, n. one who grants by will. 

Dev-o-ca'tion, n. (L. de, voco) a calling 
away ; a seduction. 

De-void', a. (L. de, viduus) empty ; 
destitute ; free from. 

De-voir', dev-war', n. (Fr.) service ; 
an act of civility or respect. 

De-volve', v. (L. de, volvo) to roll down ; 

to pass from one to another. 
Dfiv-o-lu'tion, n. the act of devolving. 

De-vote', v. (L. de, votum) to dedicate ; 
to addict ; to doom. 

De-vot'ed-ness, n. state of being devoted. 

Dev-o-tee 7 , n. one given wholly up to reli- 
gion ; a superstitious person ; a bigot. 

De-vote 7 ment, n. the act of devoting. 

De-vot 7 er, n. one who devotes. 

De-vo 7 tion, n. piety ; worship ; prayer ; strong 
affection ; ardour ; disposal. 

De-vo 7 tion-al, a. pertaining to devotion. 

De-v6 7 tion-al-ist, De-vo'tion-ist, n. one for- 
mally or superstitiously devout. 

De-vout 7 , a. pious ; religious ; earnest. 

De-v6ut 7 ly, ad. piously ; religiously. 

De-v6ut 7 ness, n. the stac€ of being devout. 

De-vour', v. (L. de, voro) to eat up 

ravenously ; to consume. 
De-voui^er, n. one who devours. 

Dew, n. (S. deaw) moisture ; a thin cold 
vapour.— v. to wet with dew ; to moisten. 

tube, tub, full; cry, crypt, myrrh; toll, boy, our, now, new; fede, cem, raise, exist, thin. 

? G2 




Dew'y, a. partaking of dew ; like dew. 
Dew'bSnt, a. bent by dew. 
Dew'be-sprgnt, a. sprinkled with dew. 
Dew'drop, n. a drop of dew. 
Dew'dr6p-ping, a. wetting as with dew. 
Dew'lap, n. the flesh which hangs from the 

throat of an ox. 
Dew'lapt, a. furnished with dewlaps. 

Dex'ter, a. (L.) the right. 
Dex-ter'i-ty, n. readiness ; activity ; skill. 
Dex'ter-ous, a. expert ; ready; active. 
Dex'ter-ous-ly, ad. expertly ; skilfully. 
Dex'ter-ous-ness, n. skill ; expertness. 
Dex'tral, a. the right ; not the left. 
Dex-tral'i-ty, n. the being on the right side. 

Dey, n. formerly the title of the 
governor of Algiers. 

Di-a-be'tes, n. (Gr.) a morbid copious- 
ness of urine. 

Di-a-bol'ic, Dl-a-bol'i-cal, a. (Gr. dia- 
bolos) devilish ; atrocious. 

Dl-a-bol'i-cal-ly, ad. in a diabolical manner. 

Dl-a-boTi-cal-ness, n. the quality of a devil. 

Di-ab'o-li§m, n. the actions of a devil ; pos- 
session by a devil. 

Di-ach'y-lon, n. (Gr. dia, chulos) a 

mollifying plaster. 

Di-a-co'di-um, n. (Gr. dia, kodeia) 
syrup of poppies. 

Di-ac'o-nal, «.(Gr. dia,koneo) pertain- 
ing to a deacon. 

Di-a-crTt'ic, Dl-a-crit'i-cal, a. (Gr. dia, 
krites) distinctive. 

Di'a-dem, n. (Gr. dia, deo) a crown ; 

an ensign of royalty. 
Dl'a-demed, a. adorned with a diadem. 

Di'a-drom, n. (Gr. dia, dromos) a 
course ; a vibration. 

Di-ser'e-sis, n. ( Gr. dia, hair eo) the mark 
[••] used to separate syllables ; as, aer. 

Dl-ag-nos'tie, n. (Gr. dia, ginosko) a 
distinguishing symptom. 

Di-ag'o-nal, a. (Gr. dia, gonia) reach- 
ing from angle to angle.— n. a line from 
angle to angle. 

Di-ag'o-nal-ly, ad. in a diagonal direction. 

Di'a-gram, n. (Gr. dia, gramma) a 
figure drawn for demonstration. 

Dl'al, n. (L. dies) an instrument for 

measuring time by the sun. 
Di'al-ling, n. the art of constructing dials. 
Dl'al-ist, n. a constructer of dials. 
Dl'al-plate, n. the plate on which the hours 

or lines are marked. 
Di'a-lect, n. (Gr. dia, lego) a peculiar 

form or idiom of a language ; speech ; 

manner of speaking. 
Di-a-lec'tics, n. pi. the art of reasoning. 
Di-a-lec'tic, Dl-a-16c'ti-cal, a. logical. 
Dl-a-lec'ti-cal-ly, ad. logically. 
Dl-a-lec-tl'cian, ». a logician ; a reasoner. 

Di'a-logue, n. (Gr. dia, logos) a con- 
versation ; a conference. — v. to discourse 
with another ; to confer. 

Dl-a-16g'i-cal, a. pertaining to dialogue. 
Di-al'o-gl§e, v. to discourse in dialogue. 
Di-al'o-gism, n. speech between two or more. 
Di-al'o-^ist, n. a speaker in a dialogue; a 

writer of dialogues. 
Di-al-o-glst'i-cal, a. speaking in dialogue. 
Di-al-o-glst'i-cal-ly, ad. in the manner of a 


Di-am'e-ter, n. (Gr. dia, metron) a 
line which passes through the centre of a 
circle, and divides it into two equal parts. 

Di-am'e-tral, a. relating to the diameter. 

Di-am'e-tral-ly, ad. in direct opposition. 

Dl-a-met'ri-cal, a. describing a diameter. 

Di-a-meYri-cal-ly, ad. in a diametrical di- 
rection ; in direct opposition. 

Di'a-mond, n. (Gr. adamas) the hardest 
and most valuable of all the gems.— a. con- 
sisting of diamonds ; resembling a diamond. 

Dl'a-mond-ed, a. in squares like diamonds. 

Di-a-pa'son, n. (Gr. dia, pas) an octave 
in music. 

Di'a-per, n. (Fr. diapre) linen cloth 
woven in flowers or figures. — v. to draw 
flowers on cloth ; to variegate. 

Di-aph'a-nous, a. (Gr. dia, phaiuo) 

transmitting light ; transparent. 
Dl-a-pha-ne'i-ty, n. transparency. 
Dl-a-phan'ic, a. transparent ; pellucid. 

Di-a-pho-ret'ic, a. (Gr. dia, phoreo) 
promoting perspiration.— n. a medicine 
that promotes perspiration. 

Di'a-phragm, di'a-fram, n. (Gr. dia t 
phragma) the midriff. 

Di-ar-rhoe'a, dl-ar-re'a, n. (Gr. dia, 

rheo) a purging; a flux. 
Dl-ar-rhcet'ic, a. purgative. 

Di'a-ry, n. (L. dies) an account of 
daily events ; a journal. 

Di-as'to-le, n. (Gr. dia, stello) dilata- 
tion of the heart. 

Di-at'ri-be, Di'a-tribe, n. (Gr.) a con- 
tinued discourse ; disputation. 

Dib'ble, n. (D. dipfel) a pointed in- 
strument used in planting. 

Di-cac'i-ty, n. (L. dico) pertness. 

Dige. See Die. 

Di-chot'o-my, n. (Gr. dicha, temno) 

distribution of ideas by pairs. 
Di-chot'o-mlze, v. to separate ; to divide. 

Dic'tate, v. (L. dictum) to deliver with 
authority ; to tell what to say or write. — 
n. a command ; an order ; a rule. 

Dic-ta'tion, n. the act of dictating. 

Dic-ta'tor, n. one who dictates ; one invested 
with absolute authority ; a magistrate in 
ancient Rome. 

Dlc-ta-to'ri-al, a. authoritative ; overbearing. 

Dic-ta'tor-ship, n. the office of a dictator. 

Dlc'ta-to-ry, a. overbearing ; dogmatical. 

Dic-ta'ture, n. the office of a dictator. 

Dic'tion,n. (Judicium) language ; style. 
Dic'tion-a-ry , n. a book containing the words 

Fate, fat, far, fall; me", met, there, her; pine, pin, field, fir; note, not, nor, m6ve, s6n ; 




of a language explained in alphabetical 
order ; a lexicon ; a vocabulary. 
Did, p. t. of do. 

Di-dac'tic, Di-dac'ti-cal, a. (Gr. di- 

dasko) instructive. 
Di-dac'ti-cal-ly, ad. in an instructive manner. 
Dld-as-caTic, a. instructive ; preceptive. 

DTd'ap-per, n. (dip) a bird that dives 
into the water. 

Did'dle, v. to totter as a child. 

Di-duc'tion, n. (L.di,ductum) a draw- 
ing apart. 

Die. See Dye. 

Die, v. (Sw. doe) to lose life ; to ex- 
pire ; to perish. 
Dy'ing, p. a. pertaining to death. — n. death. 
D$r'ing-ly, ad. as at the point of death. 

Die, ».( Fr. de) a small cube used in 

gaming ; hazard : pi. dice. 
Dice, v. to game with dice.' 
Dl9'er, n. a player at dice. 
Dlfe'box, n. a box for throwing dice. 

Die, n. a stamp used in coining. 

Di'et, n. (Gr. diaita) food; mode of 
living prescribed for the health. — v. to 
feed ; to eat by rule. 

Dl'et-er, n. one who prescribes diet. 

Dl-e-tet'ic, Dl-e-tet'i-cal, a. relating to diet. 

Dl'et-ing, n. the act of eating by rule. 

Dl'et-drlnk, n. medicated liquors. 

Di'et, n. (L. dies) an assembly of 
princes or states. 

Differ, v. (L. dis, fero) to be unlike ; 
to disagree ; to dispute ; to quarrel. 

Dlf'fer-ence, n. state of being different ; dis- 
similarity ; dispute ; distinction. — v. to 
cause a difference or distinction. 

Dlf'fer-ent, a. distinct; unlike; dissimilar. 

Dlffer-ent-ly, ad. in a different manner. 

Dlf-fer-en'tial, a. infinitely small. 

Dif'fi-cult, a. (L. dis,facilis) not easy; 
hard to be done ; troublesome ; laborious. 

Plffi-cult-ly, ad. with difficulty ; hardly. 

Dlffi-cul-ty, n. hardness to be done; that 
which is hard to be done ; distress ; per- 
plexity; objection. 

Dif-fide', v. (L. dis,jido) to distrust. 
Dlf fi-dence, n. want of confidence ; distrust. 
Dlf'fi-dent, a. distrustful ; not confident. 
Dlf'fi-dent-ly, ad. in a diffident manner. 

Dif'flu-ence, Dif'flu-en-cy, n. (L. dis, 
Jluo) a flowing away on all sides. 

Dif 'form, a. (L. dis, forma) not uni- 
form ; irregular ; dissimilar. 
Dif-form'i-ty, n. irregularity of form. 

Dif-fuse', v. (L. dis, fusum) to pour 

out ; to spread abroad ; to scatter. 
Dif-fuse', a. widely spread ; not concise. 
Dif-fused', p. a. spread ; loose ; wild. 
Dif-ffts'ed-ly, ad. in a diffused manner. 
Dif-fus'ed-ness, n. state of being diffused. 
Dif-fuse'fy, ad. widely; not concisely. 
Dif-fus'er, n. one who diffuses. 
Dif-fcrsion, n. a spreading ; dispersion. 

Dif-fu'sive,a.sprea"ding ; scattered ; dispersed. 
Dif-fu/sive-ly, ad. widely; extensively. 
Dif-fu'sive-ness, n. extension ; dispersion. 

Dig, v. (S. die) to work with a spade ; 

to turn up the earth ; to excavate : p. t 

and p. p. digged or dug. 
Dlg'ger, n. one who digs. 
Di-gas'tric, a. (Gr. dis, gaster) having 

a double belly. 

Di-gest', v. (L. di, gestum) to dis* 
tribute ; to arrange ; to dissolve in the 
stomach ; to reduce to a plan. 

Dl'gest, n. a collection or body of laws. 

Di-gSst'ed-ly, ad. in a methodical manner. 

Di-gest'er, n. one that digests. 

Di-gest'i-ble, a. that may be digested. 

Di-ggst-i-bU'i-ty, n. the being digestible. 

Di-ggst'ion, n. the act of digesting. 

Di-geYtive, a. causing digestion. 

Dight, dit, v. (S. dihtan) to dress ; to 

DIg'it, n. (L. digitus) three- fourths of 
an inch ; the twelfth part of the diameter 
of the sun or moon ; any number under ten. 

Dlg'i-ta-ted, a. branched out like fingers. 

Di-gla'di-ate, v. (L. di, gladius) to 

fence ; to quarrel. 
Di-gla-di-a'tion, n. a combat ; a quarrel. 

DTg'ni-ty, n. (L. dignus) honour ; 

rank ; elevation ; grandeur. 
Dlg'ni-fy, v. to honour; to promote. 
Dlg'ni-fied, p. a. invested with dignity. 
Dlg-ni-fi-ca'tion, n. exaltation. 
Dlg'ni-ta-ry, n. a clergyman of rank. 

Di-gress', v. (h.di, gi-essum) to turn 

aside ; to wander. 
Di-gres'sion, n. a turning aside ; a deviation 

from the main subject. 
Di-greYsion-al, a. deviating ; expatiating. 
Di-greVsive, a. turning aside ; deviating. 

Di-ju'di-cate, v. (L. di } judex) to de- 
termine by censure. 
Di-ju-di-ca'tion, n. judicial distinction. 

Dike, 7i. (S. die) a ditch ; a bank ; a 
mound.— v. to secure by a bank. 

Di-lac'er-ate, v. (L. di, laeer) to tear 

asunder ; to rend. 
Di-lac^er-a'tion, R. the act of rending. 

Di-la'ni-ate, v. (L. di, lanio) to tear ; 
to rend in pieces. 

Di-lap r i-date, v. (L. di, lapis) to go 

to ruin ; to decay ; to waste. 
Di-lap-i-da'tion, n. ruin ; decay; waste. 
Di-lap"i-da-tor,??.one who causes dilapidation. 

Di-late', v. (L. di, latus) to extend ; 

to spread out ; to enlarge ; to widen ; to 

speak largely.— a. extensive. 
Di-la'ta-ble, a. capable of extension. 
Di-la-ta-bU'i-ty, n. the being dilatable. 
DU-a-ta'tion, n. expansion ; extension. 
Di-la'ter, n. one who enlarges or extends. 
Di-la'tor, n. that which widens or extends. 

Di-la'tion, n. (L. di, latum) delay. 
Dll'a-to-ry, a. slow ; tardy ; loitering. 

tube, tub, full ; cry, crypt, myrrh ; toil, boy, Our, now, new ; cede, gem, rahe, exist, thm, 




DH'a-to-ri-ly, ad. in a dilatory manner. 
Dll'a-to-ri-ness, n. slowness ; sluggishness. 

Di-lec'tion, n. (L. di, ledum) the act 
of loving; kindness. 

Di-lem'ma, n. (Gr. dis, lemma) a diffi- 
cult or doubtful choice. 

Dil-et-tan'te, n. (It.) a lover of the 
fine arts : pi. dll-et-tan'ti. 

Dfl'i-gent, a. (L. di, lego) constant in 

application ; assiduous. 
DU'i-gence, n. industry; assiduity. 
Bll'i-gent-ly, ad. wfth assiduity. 
Di-lu'cid, a. (L. di, lux) clear. 
Di-lu'ci-date, v. to make clear. 
Di-lQ-ci-da'tion, n. the act of making clear. 
Di-lu'fid-ly, ad. clearly ; evidently. 

Di-lute', v. (L. di, luo) to make thin ; 

to make weak. — a. thin ; weakened. 
DU'u-ent, a. making thin or more fluid. — n. 

that which makes thin. 
Pi-lQt'er, n. one that makes thin. 
Di-lu'tion, n. act of making thin or weak. 
Di-lu'vi-an, a. relating to the deluge. 
Di-lu'vi-ate, v. to spread as a flood. 

Dim, a. (S.) not seeing clear ; obscure. 

— v. to cloud ; to obscure. 
Dlm'ish, a. somewhat dim. 
Dlm'ly, ad. not clearly ; obscurely. 
Dlni'ness, n. dulness of sight ; obscurity. 
Dlm'slght-ed, a. having weak eyes. 

Di-men'sion,?2. (L.di,mensum) space; 

bulk ; extent ; capacity. 
Di-mSn'sion-less, a. without definite bulk. 
Di-men'si-ty, n. extent ; capacity. 
Di-meVsive, a. marking the boundaries. 

Dim'e-ter, a. (Gr. dis, metron) having 
two poetical measures. 

Di-mid'i-ate, v. (L. di, medius) to 

divide into two equal parts. 

Di-min'ish, v. (L. di, minor) to make 
or grow less ; to impair ; to degrade. 

Pi-mtn'ish-er, n. one who diminishes. 

Di-min'ish-ing-ly, ad. so as to lessen. 

Pi-mln'u-ent, a. lessening. 

Dtm-i-nu'tion, n. the act of making less ; the 
state of growing 1 ess ; discredit ; degradation. 

Di-mln'u-tive, a. small ; little ; contracted. — 
n. a word formed to express littleness. 

Pi-mln'u-tive-ly, ad. in a diminutive manner. 

Di-mln'u-tive-ness, n. smallness ; littleness. 

Di-mit', v. (L. di, mitto) to send away. 
Di-mls'sion, n. leave to depart. 
Dlm'is-so-ry, a. granting leave to depart. 

Dim'i-ty, n. (Gr. dis, mitos ?) a kind 
of cotton cloth. 

Dim'ple, n. (S. dyntX) a hollow in the 
cheek or chin. — v. to sink in small cavities. 
Dlnr'pled, p. a. set with dimples. 
Plm'ply, a. full of dimples. 

Din, n. (S. dyne) a loud noise. — v. to 
stun with noise. 

Dine, v. (S. dynan) to eat or give a 

dinner ; to feed. 
Dln'ner, n. the chief meal of the day. 

Dln'ing-rdom, n. the room for dining. 
Dln'ner-tlme, n. the time for dining. 

Di-neYi-cal, a. (Gr. dine) whirling 

Ding, v. (S. dencgan) to thrust or dash 

with violence ; to bluster. 
Din'gle, n. (S. denu) a hollow between 

hills ; a dale. 

Din'^y, a. (S. dun) dark ; soiled. 
Dln'gi-ness, n. the quality of being dingy. 

Dint, n. (S. dynt) a blow ; a mark ; 
force.— v. to mark by a blow. 

Di'o-cese, n. (Gr. dia, oikos) the juris- 
diction of a bishop. 

Di-op'e-san, n. a bishop as he stands related 
to his* clergy or flock.— a. pertaining to a 

Di-op'tric, Di-op'tri-cal, a. (Gr. dia, 
optomai) aiding the sight ; pertaining to 

Di-6p'trics, n. pi. that part of optics which 
treats of the refraction of light. 

Di'o-rism, w. (Gr. dia, horos) defini- 
tion ; distinction. 

Di-o-rls'tic, a. denning ; distinguishing. 

Dl-o-rls'ti-cal-ly, ad. in a distinguishing 

Dip, v. (S. dyppan) to put into any 
liquor ; to immerse ; to sink ; to enter 
slightly. — n. inclination downward. 

Dlp'per, n. one who dips. 

Dlp'chlck, n. a small bird that dives. 

Diph 'thong, dip'thong, n. (Gr. dis, 
phthongos) a union of two vowels in one 

Di-plo'ma, n. (Gr.) a writing con- 
ferring some privilege. 

Di-plo / ma-9y, n. a privileged state ; forms 
of negotiation ; body of envoys. 

Di-plo'mate, v. to invest with a privilege. 

Dlp-lo-mat'ic, a. pertaining to diplomacy. 

Di-plo'ma-tist, n. one versed in diplomacy. 

Dip'sas,n. (Gr.) a serpent, whose bite 
produces a mortal thirst. 

Dip'tych, n. (Gr. dis, ptuche) a re- 
gister of bishops and martyrs. 

Dire, a. (L.dirus) dreadful ; horrible. 

Direful, a. terrible ; dismal. 

Dlre'ful-ness, n. dreadfulness ; horror. 

Dlre'ness, n. dismalness ; horror. 

Di-rect', v. (h.di, rectum) to aim or 
drive in a straight line ; to point ; to regu- 
late ; to order.— a. straight ; open ; plain. 

Di-rec'tion, n. aim ; order; superscription. 

Di-reVtive, a. having power to direct. 

Di-rgct'ly ,ad. in a straight line ; immediately. 

Di-rect'ness, n. straightness ; straight course. 

Di-r6c'tor, n. one who directs. 

Di-rec-to'ri-al, a. giving direction. 

Di-r6c / to-ry, n. a book of directions ; a 
guide.— a. guiding ; commanding. 

Di-reVtress, Di-rec'trix, n. a female who 

Di-remp'tion, n. (L. dis, emptum) se- 

Fate, fat, far, fall; me, met, there, her; pine, p!n, field, fir; note, aot, nor, m6ve. s6n ; 




Pi-rep'tion, n. (L. di, raptum) the act 

of plundering. 
Dirge, n. (L. dirigeX) a mournful 

ditty ; a funeral song. 
Dirk, 7i. (Gael, dure) a dagger. 

Dirt, n. (D. dryt) mud ; filth ; mire ; 

earth. — v. to foul ; to bemire. 
Dirt'y, a. foul j nasty ; filthy ; sullied ; mean ; 

base. — v. to foul ; to soil. 
Pirt'i-ly, ad. nastily; filthily; meanly. 
Dirt'i-ness, ft. nastiness ; meanness. 

Dis-a'ble, v. (L. dis, S. abal) to deprive 

of force ; to weaken. 
Dls-a-biri-ty, n. want of power ; weakness. 
Dis-a'ble-nient, n. weakness ; impediment. 

Dis-a-buse', v. (L. dis, ah, usum) to 

undeceive ; to set right. 

Dis-ac-com'mo-date, v. (L. dis, ad, con, 

modus) to put to inconvenience. 
Dls-ac-com-mo-da'tion,w.state of being unfit. 

Dis-ac-knowredge, dis-ak-n6Tedge, v. 
{L. dis, S. cnawan, lecgan) to deny; to 

Dis-ac-quaint', v. (L. dis, ad, con, no- 

tum ?) to dissolve acquaintance. 
Dls-ac-quaint'ance, n. disuse of familiarity. 

DTs-a-dorn', v. (L. dis, ad, or no) to 
deprive of ornament. 

DTs-ad-van'ta^e, n. (L. dis, Fr. avant) 

loss ; injury to interest. — v. to injure. 
Dls-ad-van-ta'geous, a. unfavourable. 
Dls-ad-van-ta'geous-ly, ad. unfavourably. 
Dls-ad-van-ta'geous-ness, n. loss ; injury. 

Dis-af-fect', v. (L. dis, ad, factum) to 
fill with discontent; to dislike ; to disorder. 
Pls-af-fect'ed, p. a. alienated ; unfriendly. 
Dls-af-fSct'ed-ness, n. the being disaffected. 
Dis-af-fec'tion, ft. alienation ; dislike. 
Dls-af-fSc tion-ate, a. *:ot well disposed. 

DTs-af-firm', v. (h.dis, ad,firmus) to 

contradict ; to deny. 
Dls-af-firm'an^e, n. denial ; confutation. 

Dis-af-f dVest, v. (L. dis, Fr. a, fortt) 
to throw open a forest. 

Dis-a-gree', v. (L. dis, Fr. a, gre) to 

differ ; to be unsuitable. 
Dls-a-gree'a-ble, a. unsuitable ; unpleasing. 
Pls-a-grge'a-ble-ness, n. unpleasantness. 
Pls-a-grGe'a-bly, ad. unpleasantly. 
Dls-a-gree'meut, n. difference ; contrariety. 

DTs-al-liege', v. (L. dis, ad, ligo) to 

alienate from allegiance. 
Dis-al-low', v. (L. dis, S. a, lyfan) to 

deny ; to refuse permission. 
Dls-af-lftw'a-ble, a. not allowable, 
Dls-al-l6\v / ance, n. prohibition. 

Dis-al-ly', v. (L. dis, ad, ligo) to disjoin. 

Dis-an'i-mate, v. (L. dis, animus) to 

deprive of life ; to discourage. 
Dis-an-i-ma'tion, n. privation of life. 

DTs-an-nul'', v. (L. dis, ad, nullus) to 
make void. 

Dls-an-nuller, n. one who makes void. 
Dls-an-nuTling, n. the act of making void. 
Dls-an-niirment, n. the act of making void. 

Dis-a-noint', v. (L. dis,ad,unctum) to 
render consecration invalid. 

Dis-ap-par'el, v. (L. dis, ad, paro) to 
disrobe ; to disorder. 

Dis-ap-pear', v. (L. dis, ad, pareo) to 

be lost to the view ; to vanish. 
Dis-ap-pear'ance, n. removal from sight. 
Dls-ap-pgar'ing, n. a vanishing from sight. 

Dis-ap-pomt', v. (L. dis, ad, punctum) 

to defeat expectation ; to balk. 
Dls-ap-pcunt'ment, n. defeat of expectation. 

Dis-ap-pro'pri-ate, v. (L. dis, ad, pro- 
■prius) to withdraw from an appropriate 
use. — a. not appropriated. 

DTs-ap-prove', v. (L. dis, ad, probo) to 

dislike ; to censure. 
Dis-ap-pro-ba'tion, ft. dislike; censure. 
Dls-ap-prov'al, n. censure ; condemnation. 

Dis-arm', v. (L. dis, armo) to deprive 

of arms ; to divest. 
Dis-arm'er, /*. one who disarms. 
Dis-arm'ing, n. deprivation of arms. 

Di5-ar-range',u.(L. dis, ad, Fr. ranger) 

to put out of order ; to unsettle. 
Dls-ar-range'ment, n. disorder ; confusion. 

Dis-ar-ray', v. (L. dis, ad, S. ivrigan ?) 
to undress ; to overthrow.— n. undress ; 
disorder ; confusion. 

Dis-as-si-du r i-ty, n. (L. dis, ad, sedeo) 
want of attention. 

DTs-as-sC/yi-ate, r. (L. dis, ad, socius) 
to disunite. 

Dis-as'ter, n. (L. dis, astrum) misfor- 
tune ; calamity ; misery. — f. to blast ; to 
injure ; to afflict. 

Dis-as'trous, a. unlucky ; calamitous. 

Dis-as'trous-ly, ad. in a disastrous manner. 

Dis-au'thor-ize, v. (L. dis, auctor) to 
deprive of authority. 

Dis-a-vouch', v. (L. dis, ad, voco) to 
retract profession ; to disown. 

Dis-a-vow', v. (L. dis, ad, voveo) to 

disown ; to deny. 
Dls-a-v6w'al, Dls-a-vflw'ment, n. denial. 

Dis-band', v. (L. dis, S. banda) to dis- 
miss from service ; to disperse. 

Dis-bark', v. (L. dis, Fr. barque) to 
land from a ship. 

Dis-be-lieve', v. (L. dis, S. gelyfan) 

not to believe. 
Dls-be-lief, n. refusal of belief. 
Dls-be-liev'er, ft. one who refuses belief. 

Dis-ben^ 7 , v. (L. dis, S. bene) to drive 
from a seat. 

Dis-blame', v. (L. dis, Fr. blamer) to 
clear from blame. 

Dis-bod'y, v. (L. dis, S. bodig) to free 
from the body. 

tube, tub, fall ; cry, crypt, myrrh ; toll, boy, our, now, new; cede, gem, raise, exist, thin. 




Dis-bow'el, v. (L. dis, Fr. boyau) to 

take out tho intestines. 
Dis-bran^', v. (L. dis, Fr. tranche) 

to separate or break off. 
Dis-biir'den, v. (L. dis, S. byrtheri) to 

ease of a burden ; to unload. 
Dis-burse', v. (L. dis, bursa) to spend 

or lay out money. 
Dis-burse'ment,w. a disbursing; the sumspent. 

Dis-caTce-ate, v. (L. dis, calceus) to 

put off the shoes. 
Dis-cal-ce-a'tion, n. a pulling off the shoes. 

Dis-can'dy, v. (L. dis, candeo) to melt. 

Dis-card', v. (L. dis, charta) to dismiss 

from service or employment. 
Dis-car'nate, a. (L. dis, caro) stripped 

of flesh. 
Dis-case', v. (L. dis, Fr. caisse) to 

strip ; to undress. 
Dis-cep-ta'tion, n. (L. dis, captum) 

controversy ; disputation. 

Dis-cern', v. (L. dis, cerno) to discover ; 

to distinguish ; to judge. 
Dis-cern'er, n. one who discerns. 
Dis-^ern'i-ble, a. that may be discerned. 
Dis-fern'i-bly, ad. perceptibly ; apparently. 
Dis-eern'ing, n. the power of distinguishing. 

— p. a. judicious : knowing. 
Dis-cern'ing-ly, <zd. judiciously; acutely. 
Dis-^ern'ment, n. power of distinguishing ; 

Dis-cerp', v. (L. dis, carpo) to tear 

in pieces ; to separate. 
Dis-cerp'ti-ble, a. separable ; frangible. 
Dis-^erp-ti-bU'i-ty, n. the being separable. 
Dis-^erp'tion, n. the act of pulling to pieces. 

Dis-ces'sion, n. (L. dis, cessum) de- 

Dis-charge', v. (L. dis, Fr. charger) to 
disburden; to unload; to pay; to exe- 
cute ; to dismiss ; to release ; to break up. 
— n. a vent ; explosion ; dismission ; re- 
lease ; ransom ; payment ; execution. 

Dis-char'ger, n. one who discharges. 

Dis-church', v. (L. dis, Gr. kurios, 
oikos) to deprive of the rank of a church. 

Dis-eide', Dis-cmd', v. (L. dis, scindo) 
to cut in two ; to divide. 

Dis-ci'ple, n. (L. disco) a scholar ; a 
follower.— v. to train. 

Dis-ci'ple-ship, n. the state of a disciple. 

Dis-cl'ple-llke, a. becoming a disciple. 

Dls'p-pline, n. education ; rule of govern- 
ment ; military regulation ; subjection ; 
punishment. — v. to educate ; to regulate ; 
to keep in order ; to punish. 

Dis'ci-plln-a-ble, a. capable of instruction. 

Dis'ci-plln-a-ble-ness, n. capacity of instruc- 
tion ; state of subjection. 

Dls'ci-plin-ant, n. one under discipline. 

Dis-ci-pli-na'ri-an,a. pertaining to discipline, 
— h. one strict in discipline. 

Dis'ci-pli-na-ry, a. pertaining to discipline. 

Dis-claim',v. (L. dis,clamo) to disown; 
to deny ; to renounce. 

Dis-claim'er, n. one that disclaims. 
Dls-cla-ma'tion, n. the act of disclaiming. 

Dis-close', v. (L. dis, clausum) to un- 
cover ; to reveal ; to tell. 
Dis-clos'er, n. one who discloses. 
Dis- closure, n. a revealing; discovery. 
Dis-clu'|ion, n. a throwing out ; emission. 

Dis-coast', v. (L. dis, costa) to quit the 
coast ; to wander. 

Dis-c6rour, v. (L. dis, color) to change 

the colour ; to stain. 
Dis-col-o-ra'tion, n. change of colour ; stain. 
Dis-col'oured, a. having various colours. 

Dis-com'fit, v. (L. dis, con, figo) to 

defeat ; to vanquish. — n. defeat. 
Dis-com'fi-ture, n. defeat ; overthrow. 

Dis-com'fort, n. (L. dis, con, fortis) un- 
easiness ; sorrow. — v. to grieve ; to sadden. 
Dis-com'fort-a-ble, a. uneasy ; sad. 
Dis-com'fort-a-ble-ness, n. uneasiness. 

Dis-com-mend', v. (L. dis, con, mando) 

to blame ; to censure. 
Dts-com-mend'a-ble, a. blamable. 
Dis-com-men-da'tion, n. blame ; reproach. 

Dis-com-mis'sion, v. (L. dis, con, mis- 
sum) to deprive of a commission. 

Dis-com'mo-date, Dis-com-mode', v. 

(L. dis, con, modus) to put to inconvenience. 
Dls-com-mo'di-ous, a. inconvenient. 
Dls-com-mG'di-ous-ness, Dls-com-mSd'i-ty, 

n. inconvenience ; disadvantage. 

Dis-com'mon, v. (L. dis, con, manus) 
to deprive of privileges. 

Dis-com-pose', v. {L.dis, con,positum) 

to disorder ; to disturb ; to vex. 
Dis-com-pos/ed-ness, n. perturbation. 
Dis-coni-po-sTtion, n. inconsistency. 
Dls-com-po^ure, n. disorder ; disagreement. 

Dis-con-cert', v. (L. dis, con, certo) to 

unsettle*; to defeat. 
Dis-con.-fdrm'i-ty,n.(L.dis,con, forma) 

want of agreement. 

DTs-con-gru'i-ty, n. (L. dis, congruo) 

Dis-con-nect', v. (L. dis, con, necto) to 

disunite ; to disjoin. 
Dls-con-nec'tion, n. disunion. 

Dis-con-sent', v. (L. dis, con, sentio) 

to disagree ; to differ. 
Dis-con'so-late, a. (L. dis, con, solor) 

comfortless ; sorrowful. 
Dis-cSn'so-la-cy, n. want of comfort. 
Dis-cSn'so-late-ly, ad. comfortlessly. 
Dis-cdn'so-late-ness, n. the being comfortless. 
Dis-c6n-so-la'tion, n. want of comfort. 

Dis-con-tent', n. (L. dis, con, tentum) 
want of content.— a. dissatisfied.— v. to 
dissatisfy ; to make uneasy. 

Dis-con-tent'ed, a. dissatisfied ; uneasy. 

D!s-con-tent'ed-!y, ad. with dissatisfaction. 

Dis-con-tent'ed-ness, n. dissatisfaction. 

Dts-con-tent'ing, a. giving uneasiness. 

Dts-con-tenfment, n. uneasiness. 

Fate, fat, far, fall; me, met, there, her; pine, pin, field, fir; note, not, nor, m&ve, sdn; 




Dis-con-tm ue, v. (L. dis, con, teneo) 

to leave off; to cease. 
Dls-con-tln'u-ance, n. cessation. 
Dls-con-tln-u-a'tion, n. disruption. 
Dls-con-tln'u-er, n. one who discontinues. 
Dis-con-ti-nu'i-ty, n. disunity of parts. 
Dls-con-tln'u-ous, a. broken off; wide. 

Dis-con-ve'ni-ent,a. (L.dis, con, venio) 

opposite ; incongruous. 
Dls-ton-ve'ni-ence, ?i. disagreement. 

Dis'cord, n. (L. dis, cor) disagree- 
ment ; mutual anger. — v. to disagree. 

Dis-cor'dance, Dis-cor'dan-cy, n. disagree- 
ment ; opposition ; inconsistency. 

Dis-corMant, a. inconsistent ; inharmonious. 

Dis-cor'dant-ly, ad. in a discordant manner. 

Dis-cord'ful, a. quarrelsome ; contentious. 

Dis-coun'sel, v. (L. dis, consilium) to 

DTs'count, n. (L. dis, con, puto) de- 
duction ; an allowance. 
Dis-cotint', v. to pay back ; to deduct. 
Dis-cSunt'er, n. one' who discounts. 

Dis-coun'te-nance, v . (L .dis, con, teneo) 

to abash ; to discourage. — n.cold treatment. 

Dis-c6tin'te-nan-cer, n. one who discourages. 

Dis-cour'age, v. (L. dis, cor) to dis- 
hearten ; to depress ; to deter. 

Dis-cour'age-ment, n. the act of dishearten- 
ing ; tlrat which disheartens. 

Dis-cour'a-ger, n. one who discourages. 

Dis-course',71. (L. dis,cursum) conver- 
sation ; a speech ; a sermon ; a treatise. — 
v. to converse ; to treat of ; to reason. 

Dis-cour'ser, n. one who discourses. 

Dis-cour'sing, n. the act of conversing. 

Dis-cour'sive, a. reasoning ; conversable. 

Dis-couYte-ous, a. (L. dis, Fr. coitr) 

uncivil ; rude ; unpolite. 
Dis-cour'te-ous-ly, ad. uncivilly ; rudely. 
Dis-eour / te-sy, n. incivility ; rudeness. 

Dis-coVer, v. (L. dis, con, operio) to 
show; to expose; to reveal; to espy; to 
find out ; to detect. 

Dis-cov'er-a-ble, a. that may be discovered. 

Dis-cov'er-er, n. one who discovers. 

Dis-cov'er-y, n. the act of discovering ; that 
which is discovered. 

Dis-cred'it, n. (L. dis, credo) igno- 
miny ; reproach ; disgrace.— v. to deprive 
of credit ; to disgrace. 

Dis-cred'it-a-ble, a. disgraceful ; reproachful. 

Dis-creet', a. CL.dis, cretum) prudent; 

cautious; modest. 
Dis-creet'ly, ad. prudently; cautiously. 
Dis-creet'ness, n. quality of being discreet. 
Dis-crete', a. distinct ; disjoined. 
Dis-cre'tion, n. prudence ; wise management. 
Dis-cre'tion-al, a. left to discretion or choice. 
Dis-cre'tion-al-ly, ad. at pleasure or choice. 
Dis-crg'tion-n ry, a. unlimited; unrestrained. 
Dis-cre'tive, a. separate ; distinct. 
Dis-cre'tive-ly, ad. in a discretive manner. 

Dis'cre-pant, a. (L. dis, crepo) differ- 
ent; disagreeing; contrary. 
Dls'cre-pance, Dls'cre-pan-cy, n. difference. 

Dis-crim l-nate, v. (L. dis, crimen) to 
distinguish ; to separate ; to make a differ- 
ence. — a. distinguished. 

Dis-crlm'i-nate-ly, ad. distinctly; minutely. 

Dis-crlm-i-na'tion, n. the act or faculty of 
distinguishing ; distinction ; a mark. 

Dis-crlm'i-na-tive, a. marking distinction. 

Dis-crlm'i-na-tive-ly,ad. with discrimination. 

Dis-cru'ci-at-ing, a. (L. dis, crux) 

Dis-cu / bi-to-ry, a. (L. dis, cubo) lean- 
ing; inclining. 
Dis-cum'ben-py, n. the act of leaning. 

Dis-cuTpate, v. (L. dis, culpa) to clear 
from blame. 

Dis-cum'ber, v. (L. dis, D. kommeren) 
to unburden ; to disengage. 

Dis-cur'sion, n. (L. dis, cursum) a 

running or rambling about. 
Dis-cur'sist, n. an arguer ; a disputer. 
Dis-cur'sive, a. moving about ; desultory. 
Dis-ctir'sive-ly, ad. in a discursive manner. 
Dis-cur'sive-ness. n. the being discursive. 
Dis-cur'so-ry, a. argumental ; rational. 

Dis'cus, n. (L.) a quoit. 

Dis-cuss', v. (L. dis, auassum) to ex- 
amine ; to debate ; to disperse. 

Dis-cus'ser, n. one who discusses. 

Dis-cus'sing, n. examination ; debate. 

Dis-cus'sion, n. examination ; disquisition. 

Dis-cus'sive, a. having power to discuss. 

Dis-cu'ti-ent, a. dispersing morbid matters. 
— n. a medicine which disperses tumors. 

Dis-dain', v. (L. dis, dignus) to think 
unworthy ; to scorn.— n. scorn ; contempt. 
Dis-dain'ful, a. scornful ; contemptuous. 
Dis-dain'ful-ly, ad. with haughty scorn. 
Dis-dain'ful-ness, n. haughty scorn. 
Dis-dain'ing, n. scorn ; contempt. 

Dis-ease', n. (L. dis, Fr. aise) dis- 
temper; malady.— v. to afflict with dis- 
ease ; to infect. 

Dis-eas/ed-ness, n. sickness ; morbidness. 

Dis- ease 'ful, a. abounding with disease. 

Di^-ease'ment, n. trouble ; inconvenience. 

Dis-ed^e', v. (L. dis, S. ecg) to blunt. 

Dis-em-bark', v. (L. dis, in, Fr. barque) 
to land ; to put on shore. 

Dis-em-bar'rass, v. (L. dis, Fr. em- 

barras) to free from embarrassment. 

Dis-em-bay', v. (L. dis, in, S. bugan) 
to clear from a bay. 

Dis-em-bit'ter, v. (L. dis, in, S. biter) 
to free from bitterness. 

Dis-em-bod'y, v. (L. dis, in, S. bodig) 

to divest of body ; to discharge. 
Dls-em-bod'ied, p. a. divested of the body. 

Dis-em-bdguQ\v. (L.dis,in,Fr.bouche) 
to pour out ; to discharge ; to flow out. 

Dis-em-bo'som, v. (L. dis, in, S. bosum) 
to separate from the bosom. 

Dis-em-bovv'el,^. (L.dis,in, Fr. boyau) 
to take out the bowels. 

tube, tub, full ; cry, crypt, myrrh ; toll, b6y, our, nOw, new ; cede, gem, raife, exist, thin, 




DTs*-em-bran'gle, v. (L. dis, in, and be, 
wrangle?) to free from litigation. 

Dis-em-brou", v. (L. dis, in, Fr. brou- 
iller) to free from perplexity. 

Dis-en-a'ble, v. (L. dis, in, S. abal) to 
deprive of power. 

D Ts -enchant', v. (L. dis, in, cantum) 

to free from enchantment. . 
Dls-en-chant'er, ft. one who disenchants. 

Dis-en-ciim'ber, v. (L. dis, in, D. kom- 
meren) to free from encumbrance. 

Dls-en-cum'brance, ft. freedom from encum- 

Dis-en-gage', v. (L. dis, in, Fr. gager) 
to separate ; to extricate ; to withdraw ; 
to release ; to free. 

Bis-en-gaged', p. a. vacant ; at leisure. 

Dls-en -ga^e'ment, ft. release ; vacancy. 

Dis-en-no'ble, v. (L. dis, in, nobilis) to 
deprive of what ennobles. 

Dis-en-roir, v. (L. dis, in, Fr. role) to 
erase from a roll or list. 

Dis-en-slave',u. (L. dis, in, Gev.sclave) 
to free from bondage. 

Dis-en-tan'gle, v. (L. dis, in, S. tangt) 

to unravel ; to disengage. 
Dls-en-tan'gle-ment, n. disengagement. 

Dis-en-thral', v. (L. dis, in, S. thrcel) 
to set free. 

Dis- en-throne', v. CL.dis, in, thronus) 
to depose from sovereignty. 

Dis-en-ti'tle, v. (L. dis, in, titulus) to 
deprive of title. 

Dis-en-trance', w. (L. dis, in, Fr. transe) 
to awaken from a trance. 

Dis-e-spouse', v. (L. dis, e, sponsum) 
to separate after espousal. 

Dis-e-steem', n. (L. dis, cestimo) want 
of esteem ; slight regard. — v. to regard 

Dis-es-ti-ma'tion, n. disrespect. 

Dis-ex'er-cise, v. (L. dis, ex, arceo) to 
deprive of exercise. 

Dis-fa'vour, n. (L. dis, favor) slight 
displeasure ; dislike. — v. to discountenance ; 
to deform. 

Dis-fa'vour-er, ft. one who disfavours. 

Dis-fig'ure, v. (L. dis, fgura) to 

change to a worse form ; to deface. 
Dis-f Ig-u-ra'tion, ft. act of disfiguring. 
Dis-f Ig'ure-ment, n. change to a worse form. 

Dis-f or'est. See Disafforest. 

Dis-fran'chifie, v. (L. dis, Fr. franc) to 

deprive of privileges. 
Dis-fran'chiie-ment, ft. the act of depriving 

of privileges. 

Dis-f iir'nish, v. (L. dis, Fr. fournir) 
to deprive ; to strip. 

Dis-gar'nish, v. (L. dis, Fr. garnir) to 
strip of ornaments. 

Dis-gar'ri-son, v. to deprive of a garrison. 

Dis-glo'ri-fy, v. (L. dis, gloria) to 

deprive of glory. 

Dis-g6r£e',v. (, gorge) to vomit; 

to eject ; to discharge. 
Dis-gorge'ment, ft. the act of disgorging. 

Dis-grace', n. (L. dis, gratia) state of 
being out of favour ; dishonour ; shame. — 
v. to put out of favour ; to dishonour. 

Dis-gr ace'ful, a. shameful ; ignominious. 

Dis-grace'ful-ly, ad. shamefully. 

Dis-grace'ful-ness, ft. shamefulness. 

Dis-gra/cer, ft. one who exposes to shame. 

Dis-gra'£ious, a. unpleasing ; ungracious. 

Dis'gre-gate, v. (L. dis, grex) to sepa- 
rate ; to disperse. 

Dis-guise', v. (Fr. de, guise) to con- 
ceal by an unusual dress ; to hide by a 
counterfeit appearance ; to disfigure. — n. 
a counterfeit dress ; a false appearance. 

Dis-guis/ed-ly, ad. so as to be concealed. 

Dis-gulse'ment, ft. dress of concealment. 

Dis-guis'er, ft. one who disguises. 

Dis-gui|'ing, n. the act of giving a false ap- 
pearance ; theatrical mummery or masking. 

Dis-gust', n. (L. dis, gustus) distaste ; 

dislike ; aversion. — v. to offend the taste ; 

to excite aversion. 
Dis-gtist'ful, a. offensive to the taste. 
Dis-gtist'ing, p. a. nauseous ; offensive. 
Dis-gust'ing-ly, ad. in a manner to disgust. 

Dish, n. (S. disc) a vessel for serving 
up food ; food.— v. to serve or put in a dish. 
Dlsh'clout, ft. a cloth to wipe dishes. 
Dlsh'wa-ter, w. water for washing dishes. 

Dis-ha-bille', n. (Fr. des, habiller) un- 
dress ; loose dress. 

Dis-hab'it, v. (L. dis, habito) to drive 
from a habitation. 

Dis-heart'en, dis-hart'n, v. (L. dis, 
S. heorte) to discourage ; to deject. 

Dis-heir', dis-ar', v. (L. dis, hceres) to 

debar from inheriting. 
Dis-heVi-§on, n. the act of disheiring. 
Dis-hSr'it, v. to cut off from inheriting. 
Dis-h6r'i-tance, ft. the being disherited. 

Di-shev'el, v. (Fr. de, cheveu) to spread 
the hair in disorder. 

void of honesty ; faithless ; fraudulent. 

Dis-h6n'est-ly, ad. without honesty. 

Pis-hOn'est-y, ft. want of honesty. 

Dis-h6n'our, ft. reproach ; disgrace ; igno- 
miny ; shame. — v. to disgrace ; to bring 
shame upon ; to treat with indignity. 

Dis-h6n'our-a-ble, a. shameful ; reproachful. 

Dis-hon'our-a-bly, ad. ignominiously. 

Dis-hon'our-er, w. one who dishonours. 

Dis-hu'mqur, dis-u'mor, n. (L. dis, 
humor) ill humour ; peevishness. 

Dis-im-prove', v. (L. dis, in, probo) to 

reduce to a worse state. 
Dls-im-prove'ment, ft. reduction to a worse 

Fate, fat, far, fall; me, met, there, her; pine, pin, field, fir; note, n6t, nor, move, son j 




Dis-in-car'cer-ate, v. (h.dis,in,carcer) 
to free from prison. 

Dis-in-clme', v. (L. dis, in, clino) to 

produce dislike ; to make disaffected. 
Pis-In-cli-na'tion, n. dislike ; aversion. 

Dis-in-cor'po-rate, v. ( L. dis, in,corpus) 

to deprive of corporate powers. 
Pls-in-cor-po-ra'tion, n. deprivation of the 

privileges of a corporate body. 

DTs-in-gen'u-ous, a. (L. dis, ingenium) 

unfair ; meanly artful. 
Pis-In-£e-nu'i-ty, n. meanness of artifice. 
Pls-in-^en'u-ous-ly, ad. unfairly. 
Pls-in-gen'u-ous-nes3, n. mean subtlety. 
DTs-in-hab'it. See Dishabit. 

Dis-in-her'it, v. (L. dis, in, hares) to 

cut off from an inheritance. 
Pls-in-hgr'i-son, n. the act of disinheriting. 

Dis-in-ter', v. (L. dis, in, terra) to 

take out of the grave ; to unbury. 
Pls-in-ter'ment, n. the act of unburying. 

Dis-Tn'ter-est, n. (L. dis, inter, esse) 
disadvantage ; indifference to profit. — v. 
to disengage from private interest. 

Pis-ln'ter-est-ed, a. free from self-interest. 

Pis-Tn'ter-est-ed-ly, ad. in a disinterested 

Pis-ln'ter-est-ed-ness, n. freedom from self- 

Pis-In'ter-est-ing, a. wanting interest. 

Dis-in-ure', v. (L. dis, in, utor\) to 
deprive of practice or habit. 

Dis-in-vite', v. (L. dis, invito) to re- 
tract an invitation. 

Dis-in-volve', v. (L. dis, in, volvo) to 
uncover ; to disentangle. 

Dis-jec'tion, n. (L. dis, jactnm) a cast- 
ing down. 

Dis-join', v. (L. dis, jungo) to sepa- 
rate ; to disunite. 

Pis-jOlnt', v. to put out of joint ; to separate 
a joint ; to break in pieces.— <z. separated. 

Pis-joTnt'ly, ad. in a divided state. 

Pis-jQnct', a. disjoined ; separated. 

Pis-jQnc'tion, n. disunion ; separation. 

Pis-junc'tive, a. separating; disjoining.— n. 
a word that disjoins. 

Pis-junc'tive-ly,a<Z. distinctly; separately. 

Disk, n. (Gr. diskos) the face of the 
sun or a planet ; a quoit. 

Dis-kmd'ness, n. (h.dis, S. cyn) want 
of kindness ; injury. 

Dis-llke', n. (L. dis, S. lie) disinclina- 
tion ; aversion. — v. to disapprove ; to re- 
gard with aversion. 

Pis-llk'en, v. to make unlike. 

Pis-like'ness, n. want of resemblance. 

Pis-llk'er, n. one who dislikes. 

Dis-limn', dis-lim', v. (L. dis, lumen) 
to strike out of a picture. 

Dislo-cate, v. (L. dis, locus) to dis- 
place ; to put out of joint. 

Pls-lo-ca'tion, n. the act of displacing, or 
putting out of joint ; a joint displaced. 

Dis-lodge', v. (L. dis, S. logian) to re- 
move from a place. 

Dis-loy'al, a. (L. dis, lecc) not true to 

allegiance ; faithless. 
Pis-loy'al-ly, ad. faithlessly ; treacherously. 
Pis-loy^al-ty, n. want of fidelity. 

Dis'mal,«. (L. dies, malus \) sorrowful; 

gloomy ; dire ; dark. 
Pls/mal-ly, ad. sorrowfully; horribly. 
Pls/mal-ness, n. gloominess ; horror. 

Dis-man'tle, v. (L. dis, S. mentel) to 
strip ; to divest ; to break down. 

Dis-mask', v. (L. dis, Fr. masque) to 
divest of a mask. 

Dis-mast', v. (L. dis, S. mcest) to de- 
prive of masts. 

Dis-may', v. (L. dis, S. maganX) to 

terrify ; to discourage. — n. terror. 
Pis-may'ed-ness, n. dejection of courage. 

Disme, dem, n. (Fr.) a tenth ; tithe. 

Dis-mem'ber, v. (L. dis, membrum) to 

divide ; to separate ; to mutilate. 
Pis-m6m , ber-ment, n. division ; separation. 

Dis-mTss', v. (L. dis, missum) to send 

away ; to discard ; to despatch. 
Pis-mls'sal, w. a sending away; discharge. 
Pis-mls'sion, n. the act of sending away. 
Pis-mls'sive, a. giving leave to depart. 

Dis-mort'gage, v. (L. dis, mors, Fr. 
gage) to redeem from mortgage. 

Dis-mount', v. (L. dis, mons) to throw 
or alight from a horse. 

Dis-na'tured, a. (L. dis,natum) devoid 
of natural affection. 

DTs-o-bey', v. (L. dis, obedio) to neglect 

or refuse to obey. 
Pls-o-be'di-empe,?!. neglect or refusal to obey. 
Pls-o-be'di-ent, a. refusing to obey. 

Dis-o-blige',v- (Ij. dis,ob,Iigo) to offend ; 

to displease ; to release from obligation. 
Pis-db-li-ga'tion, n. offence; cause of disgust. 
Pis-Cb'li-ga-to-ry, a. releasing obligation. 
Pls-o-bllg'er, n. one who disobliges. 
Pls-o-bllg'ing, p. a. offensive ; uncivil. 
Pls-o-bllg'ing-ly, ad. offensively ; uncivilly. 

Dis-orbed', a. (L. dis, orbis) thrown 
out of its orbit. 

Dis-6r'der, n. (L. dis, ordo) want of 
order ; confusion ; irregularity ; tumult ; 
sickness. — v. to throw into confusion ; to 
disturb ; to discompose ; to make sick. 

Pis-or'dered, a. irregular; deranged. 

Pis-or'der-ly, a. confused ; tumultuous ; law- 
less. — ad. without order ; without law. 

Pis-or'di-nate, a. living irregularly. 

Pis-or'di-nate-ly, ad. irregularly ; viciously. 

Dis-or'ga-nize, v. (L. dis, Gr. organon) 

to destroy order or system. 
Pis-or-gan-i-za'tion, n. subversion of order. 

Dis-o'ri-ent-ed, a. (L. dis, orior) turned 
from the right direction. 

tube, tub, full ; cry, crypt, myrrh ; toll, b6J, 6ur, n6w, new ; cede, gem, raife, e^ist, thin. 




Disown', v. (L. dis, S. agan) to deny ; 

to renounce ; not to allow.' 
Dis-pair', v. (L. dis, par) to separate 

a pair or couple. 
Dls'pa-rate, a. separate ; dissimilar. 
Dls'pa-rates, n. pi. things unlike. 
Dis-part-ty, n. inequality ; difference. 

Dis-par'a^e, v. (L. dis, par) to injure 
by comparison ; to undervalue ; to vilify. 

Dis-par'age-ment, n. injurious comparison ; 
reproacn ; disgrace ; indignity. 

Dis-par'a-ger, n. one who disparages. 

Dis-par'a-|ing-ly, ad. so as to disparage. 

Dis-park', v. (L. dis, S. pearroc) to 
throw open ; to set at large. 

Dis-part', v. (L. dis, pars) to divide ; 
to separate ; to break ; to burst. 

Dis-pas'sion, n. (L. dis, passum) free- 
dom from passion ; apathy. 
Dis-pas'sion-ate, a. cool ; calm ; impartial. 
Dis-pas'sion-ate-ly, ad. coolly; calmly. 
Dis-pas'sioned, a", free from passion. . 

Dis-patch'. See Despatch. 

Dis-pau'per, v. (L. dis, pauper) to de- 
prive of the claim of a pauper. 

Dis-peT, v. (L. dis, pello) to drive 
away; to scatter; to dissipate. 

Dis-pend', v. (L. dis, pendo) to lay out. 
Dis-pence', n. cost ; charge ; profusion. 

Dis-pense', v. (L. dis, pensum) to deal 
out ; to distribute ; to administer ; to ex- 
cuse ; to free from obligation. 

Dis-pen'sa-ble, a. that maybe dispensed with. 

Dis-p6n'sa-ble-ness, n. the being dispensable. 

Dis-pen'sa-ry, n. a place where medicines 
are dispensed to the poor. 

Dls-pen-sa'tion, n. distribution ; method of 
providence ; an exemption from some law. 

Dis-p6n'sa-tive, a. granting dispensation. 

Dis-pen'sa-tive-iy, ad. by dispensation. 

Bls-pen-sa'tor, n. one who dispenses. 

Dis-pen'sa-to-ry, a. granting dispensation. — 
n. a directory for making medicines. 

Dis-p6n'ser, n. one who dispenses. 

Dis-peo'ple, v. (L. dis, populus) to 

empty of people ; to depopulate. 
Dis-peo'pler, n. a depopulator ; a waster. 

Dis-perse', v. (L. di, sparsum) to 

scatter ; to dissipate ; to distribute. 
Dis-pers'ed-ly, ad. in a dispersed manner. 
Dis-pers'ed-ness, n. state of being dispersed. 
Dis-perse'uess, n. thinness ; a scattered state. 
Dis-pers'er, n. a scatterer ; a spreader. 
Dis-peVsion, n. the act of dispersing. 
Dis-peVsive, a. having power to disperse. 

Dis-pir'it, v. (L. di, spiro) to dis- 
courage ; to dishearten ; to deject. 
Dis-plr'it-ed-ness, n. want of spirit. 

Dis-place', v. (L. dis, Fr. place) to put 
out of place ; to remove. 

Dis-pla'cen-cy, n. (L. dis, placeo) in- 
civility; dislike. 

Dis-plant', v. (L. dis, planta) to re- 
move a plant ; to strip of inhabitants. 

Dls-plan-ta'tion, n. the act of displanting. 
Dis-plant'ing, n. removal ; ejection. 

Dis-plat', v. (L. dis, W. pleth) to un- 
twist ; to uncurl. 

Dis-play', v. (L. dis, plico) to spread 
wide ; to exhibit ; to set out ostentatiously. 
— n. an exhibition ; a show. 

Dis-play'er, n. one that displays. 

Dis-please'jV. {lj.dis, placeo) to offend; 

to make angry ; to disgust. 
Dis-plea§/ant, a. offensive ; unpleasant. 
Dis-pieas/ant-ly,ad. in an unpleasing manner. 
Dis-pleas/ed-ness, n. the being displeased. 
Dis-pleapng-ness, n. offensiveness. 
Dis-pleaf ure, n. offence ; anger ; uneasiness ; 

pain ; state of disgrace. 

Dis-plode', v. (L. dis, plaudo) to dis- 
perse with a loud noise. 
Dis-plo'fion, n. the act of disploding. 

Dis-plume', v. (L. dis, pluma) to strip 
of feathers. 

Di-sponge', v. (L. di, spongia) to dis- 
charge as from a sponge. 

Dis-port', n. (L. di, Ger. spottl) play; 
pastime. — v. to play ; to divert. 

Dis-pose', v. (L. dis, positum) to 
place ; to arrange ; to regulate ; to adapt ; 
to incline ; to employ ; to bestow ; to sell. 

Dis-pos/a-ble, a. free to be used or employed 

Dis-po§/al, n. regulation ; management. 

Dis-poyer, n. one who disposes ; a director. 

Dis-pos/ing, n. direction ; regulation. 

Dis-po-il'tion, n. order; distribution; 
ness ; tendency; temper; inclination. 

Dis-p6s/i-tive, a. that implies disposal. 

Dis-pSs'i-tive-ly, ad. distributively. 

Dis-p<r£ure, n. management ; direction. 

Dis-pos-sess', v. (L. dis, possessum) to 

put out of possession ; to deprive. 
Dls-pos-seVsion,n. a putting out of possession. 

Dis-praise', n. (L. dis, pretium) blame; 

censure. — v. to blame ; to censure. 
Dis-prais/er, n. one who dispraises. 
Dis-prai^ing-ly, ad. with blame. 

Dis-pread', v. (L. di, S. sprcedan) to 

spread around ; to extend. 
Dis-pread'er, n. a publisher ; a divulger. 

Dis-prize', v. (L. dis, pretium) to un- 

Dis-proHt, n. (L. dis, pro, factum) 
loss; damage; detriment. 

Dis-proof. See under Disprove. 

Dis-prop'er-ty, v. (L. dis, proprius) to 
dispossess of property. 

Dis-pro-por'tion, n. (L. dis, pro, portio) 
unsuitableness of one thing to another ; 
want of symmetry; disparity.— v. to join 
things unsuitable m quantity or form. 

Dls-pro-poVtion-a-ble, a. unsuitable. 

Dls-pro-poVtion-a-ble-ness, n. unfitness. 

Dls-pro-poVtion-a-bly, ad. unsuitably. 

Dls-pro-pOVtion-al, a. without proportion. 

Dls-pro-por-tion-aFi-tyjW.want of proportion. 

Dls-pro-por'tion-al-ly, ad. unsuitably. 

Fate, fat, far, fall ; me, m6t, there, her ; pine, pin, field, fir ; note, ndt, nor, m6ve, son ; 




Dls-pro-poVtion-ate, a. unsuitable. 
Dls-pro-por'tkm-ate-ly, ad. unsuitably. 
Dts-pro-pcVtion-ate-ness, n. unsuitableness. 

Dis-prove', v. (L. dis, probo) to prove 

false or erroneous ; to confute. 
Dis-pr6v'er, n^one who disproves. 
Dis-proof, n. confutation ; refutation. 

Dis-punge', v. (L. dis, pungo) to blot 
out ; to erase. 

Dis-pun'ish-a-ble, a. (L. dis, punio) 
that may not be punished. 

Dis-pute', v. (L. dis, puto) to argue ; 

to debate ; to contend.— n. argument ; 

controversy ; contest. 
Dls'pu-ta-ble, a. that may be disputed. 
Dts-pu-tac'i-ty, n. proneness to dispute. 
Dls'pu-tant, n. an arguer ; a controvertist. 
Dls-pu-ta'tion, n. the act of disputing. 
Dls-pu-ta'tious, a. inclined to dispute. 
Dis-pQ'ta-tive, a. disposed to debate. 
Dis-pQt'er, n. one who disputes. 
Dis-put'ing, n. controversy; altercation. 

Dis-quaTi-fy, v. (L.dis, qualis) to make 

unfit; to disable; to deprive of a right. 
Dis-qual-i-fi-ca'tion,n.thatwhich disqualifies. 

Dis-qui'et, n. (L. dis, quies) uneasi- 
ness; restlessness; anxiety.— a. uneasy; 
restless. — v. to make uneasy; to disturb. 

Dis-qul'et-er, n. one who disquiets. 

Dis-qul'et-ful, a. producing uneasiness. 

Dis-qul'et-ing, n. vexation ; disturbance. 

Dis-qui'et-ly, ad. without rest ; anxiously. 

Dis-qul'et-riess, n. uneasiness ; restlessness. 

Dis-qui'et-ous, a. causing disquiet. 

Dis-qul'e-tude, n. uneasiness ; anxiety. 

l)is-qui-si'tion, n. (L. dis, qucesitum) 
a discussion ; examination. 

Dis-rank', v. (L. dis f Fr. rang) to put 
out of rank. 

DTs-re-gard', n. (L. dis, re, Tr.qarder) 
slight notice ; neglect ; contempt.— v. to 
slight ; to neglect ; to contemn. 

Dls-re-gard'er, who slights or contemns. 

Pls-re-gard'ful, a. negligent ; contemptuous. 

Dis-reTish, ??. (L. dis, re, Fr. lecher) 
distaste ; dislike ; nauseousness. — v. to dis- 
like ; to make nauseous. 

Dis-re-pute', n. (L. dis, re, puto) dis- 
credit ; dishonour. — v. to bring into dis- 
credit or dishonour ; to disregard. 

Dis-rep'u-ta-ble, a. not creditable ; mean. 

Dis-rep-u-ta'tion, n. disgrace ; dishonour. 

Dis-re-spect', n. (L. dis, re, spectum) 

want of respect ; incivility. 
Dls-re-spgct'ful, a. uncivil ;* irreverent. 
Dls-re-spect'ful-ly,ad.uncivilly ; irreverently. 

Dis-robe', v. (L. dis, Fr. robe) to un- 
dress ; to uncover ; to strip. 
Dis-rob'er, n. one who disrobes. 

Dis-riip'tion, n. (L. dis, ruptum) the 
act of breaking asunder. 

Dis-sat'is-fy, v. (L. dis, satis, facio) to 

make discontented ; to displease. 
Dis-sat-is-fac'tion, n. discontent ; uneasiness. 
Dis-sat-is-fac'to-ry, a. unable to give content. 

Dis-sat-is-fac'to-ri-ness, n. inability to give 

Dis-seat', v. (L. dis, sedes) to put out 
of a seat. 

Dis-sect', v. (L. dis, sectum) to cut in 

pieces ; to divide and examine. 
Dis-s6ct'i-ble, a. that may be dissected. 
Dis-sSc'tion, n. the act of dissecting. 
Dis-sSc'tor, n. one who dissects. 

Dis-seize', v. (L. dis, Fr. saisir) to dis- 
possess wrongfully ; to deprive. 
Dis-seis/in, n. unlawful dispossession. 
Dis-seiz'or, n. one who dispossesses another. 

Dis-sem'ble, v. (L. dis, similis) to dis- 
guise ; to play the hypocrite. 
Dis-sem'b lance*, n. want of resemblance. 
Dis-sgmlbler, n. one who dissembles. 
Dis-sem'bling, n. fallacious appearance. 
Dis-se" moling- ly, ad. with dissimulation. 

Dis-sem'i-nate, v. (L. dis, semen) to 

scatter as seed ; to sow ; to spread. 
Dis-sem-i-na'tion, n. act of disseminating. 
Dis-sem'i-na-tor, n. one who disseminates. 

Dis-sent', v. (L. dis. se?itio) to disagree 
in opinion ; to differ. — n. disagreement ; 
difference of opinion. 

Pis-sen'sion,n. disagreement ; strife; discord. 

Dis-sen'sious, a. quarrelsome ; contentious. 

Dls-sen-ta'ne-ous, a. disagreeable ; contrary. 

Dis-sent'er, n. one who dissents ; one who 
does not conform to the established church. 

Dis-sert', v. (L.dis,sero) to discourse; 
to dispute. 

DTs-ser-ta'tion, n. a discourse ; a treatise. 

DTs'ser-ta-tor, n. one who discourses or de- 

Dis-serve', v. (L.dis, servio) to injure. 
Dis-seVvice. n. injury ; mischief. 
Dis-seVvice-a-blc, a. injurious ; hurtful. 
Dis-ser'vi^e-a-bly, ad. so as to injure. 
Dis-ser'vice-a-bfe-ness, n. injury ; hurt. 

Dis-set'tle,t\ (L.dis, S.settan) to unfix. 
Dis-set'tle-ment, n. the act of unfixing. 

Dis-seVer, v. (L. dis, Fr. sevrer) to 

part in two ; to divide. 
Dis-seVer-ing, n. separation. 

DTs'si-dent, a. (L. dis, sedeo) not agree- 
ing. — n. a dissenter. 

Dis-si-K'tion, n. (L. dis, salio) the act 
of bursting open. 

Dis-siml-lar, a. (L. dis, similis) unlike. 
Dis-slm-i-lar'i-ty, n. unlikeness. 
Dls-si-mll'i-tude, n. want of resemblance. 
Dis-slm-u-la'tion, n. the act of dissembling ; 
hypocrisy ; false pretension. 

Dis'si-pate, v. (L. dissipo) to scatter; 

to disperse ; to squander. 
Dls'si-pa-ble, a. liable to be dissipated. 
Dls-si-pa'tion, n. dispersion ; dissolute living. 

Dis-so'ci-ate, v. (L. dis, socius) to sepa- 
rate ; to disunite ; to part. 
Dis-so^i-a-ble, a. not wefl associated. 
Dis-so-ci-a-biri-ty, n. want of sociability. 
Dis-so-ci-a'tion, h. separation ; division. 

tube, tub, full; cry, crypt, myrrh; tdll, b6?, oflr, now, new; 9ede, gem, raise, exist, thin. 




Dis-solve', v. (L. dis, solvo) to melt ; 
to disunite ; to separate. 

Pls'so-lu-ble, a. that may be dissolved. 

Dls-so-lu-bll'i-ty, reliableness to be dissolved. 

Pls'so-lQte, a. loose; debauched; vicious. 

P!s'so-lute-ly, ad. loosely ; in debauchery. 

Pls'so-lQte-ness, n. looseness ; debauchery. 

Dls-so-lu'tion, n. the act of dissolving ; de- 
struction ; death ; dissipation ; the act of 
breaking up an assembly. 

Dif-sdlv'a-ble, a. that may be dissolved. 

Dis-|61v'ent, a. having power to dissolve.— n. 
that which has power to dissolve. 

Pis-sSlv'er, n. one that dissolves. 

Dis'so-nant, a. (L. dis, sono) harsh ; 

unharmonious ; discordant. 
Pls'so-nance, n. discord ; disagreement. 

Dis-suade', v. (L. dis, suadeo) to advise 

or exhort against. 
Pis-suad'er, n. one who dissuades. 
Pis-sua'sion, n. advice against. 
Pis-sua'sive, a. tending to dissuade. — n. a 

reason or argument that diverts from any 

Dis-sylla-ble, n. (Gr. dis, sullabe) a 

word of two syllables. 
Pls-syl-lab'ic, a. consisting of two syllables. 

DTs'taff, n. (S. distaf) the staff from 
which flax is drawn in spinning. 

Dis-tain', v. (L. dis, tinyo) to stain ; 
to blot ; to sully. 

DTs'tance, n. (L. di, sto) space be- 
tween two objects; remoteness of place; 
space of time ; respect ; reserve. — v. to 
place remote ; to leave behind in a race. 

Dls'tant, a. remote in place or time ; not 
allied ; reserved ; slight ; faint ; not obvious. 

Pls'tant-ly, ad. at a distance ; remotely. 

Dis-taste', n. (L. dis, Fr. tater) dis- 
relish ; aversion ; dislike ; disgust. — v. to 
dislike ; to loathe. 

Pis-taste'ful, a. nauseous ; offensive. 

Pis-taste'ful-ness, n. disagreeableness. 

Pis-tas'tive, n. that which causes distaste. 

Dis-tem'per, n. (L. dis, tempero) a 
disease ; a malady ; ill humour. — v. to dis- 
ease ; to disorder ; to disturb. 

Pis-tSm'per-ate, a. immoderate ; diseased. 

Pis-tem'per-a-ture, n. bad temperature ; per- 
turbation ; confusion ; indisposition. 

Dis-tend', v. (L. dis, tendo) to stretch 

out ; to spread apart. 
Pis-tent', a. stretched out ; spread apart. 
Pis-ten'tion, n. the act of distending. 

Dis-ter', v. (L. dis, terra) to banish 
from a country ; to exile. 

Dis-ter 'mi- nate, a. (L. dis, terminus) 

separated by bounds. 
Pis-ter-mi-na'tion, n. separation ; division. 

Dis'tichjW. (Gr. dis, stichos) two poetic 
lines ; a couplet. 

Dis-til', v. (L. di, stillo) to drop ; to 

flow gently ; to extract spirit. 
Pis-tiria-ble, a. that may be distilled. 
Pls-til-la'tion, n. the act of distilling. 
Pis-tiria-to-ry, a. belonging to distillation. 

Pis-tirier, n. one who distils. 
Pis-tirier-y, n. a place for distilling. 
Pis-tll'ment, n. that which is distilled. 

Dis-tincf, a. (L.di,stinouo) different; 
separate ; clear ; specified. 

Pis-tlnc'tion, n. difference ; separation ; no- 
tation of difference ; preference ; discern- 
ment ; eminence ; honourable estimation. 

Pis-tlnc r tive, a. that marks distinction. 

Pis-tlnc'tive-ly, ad. particularly ; plainly. 

Pis-tlnct'ly, ad. clearly ; not confusedly. 

Pis-tlnct'ness, n. clearness ; precision. 

Pis-tln'guish, v. to note the difference ; to 
make distinction ; to separate ; to discern ; 
to constitute difference ; to make eminent. 

Pis-tln'guish-a-ble, a. that may be known. 

Pis-tln r guished, p. a. eminent ; celebrated. 

Pis-tln'guish-er, n. a judicious observer. 

Pis-tln'guish-ing-ly, ad. with distinction. 

Pis-tln'guish-ment, n. act of distinguishing. 

Dis-ti'tle, v. (L. dis, titulus) to deprive 

of right. 
Dis-tort', v. (L. dis, tortum) to twist ; 

to deform ; to wrest. 
Pis-torsion, n. act of distorting ; perversion. 

Dis-tract 7 , v. (L. dis, tractum) to draw 
apart ; to separate ; to perplex ; to make 
mad.— a. mad. 

Pis-tract'ed-ly, ad. madly ; franticly. 

Pis-tract'ed-ness, n. state of being distracted. 

Pis-tract'er, n. one that distracts. 

Pis-trac'tion, n. separation ; confusion ; per- 
plexity ; disorder ; madness. 

Pis- tractive, a. causing perplexity. 

Dis-train', v. (L. di, stringo) to seizo 

for debt ; to make seizure. 
Pis-train'a-ble, a. that may be distrained. 
Pis-train'er, n. one who distrains. 
Pis-traint', n. seizure for debt. 

Dis-tress', n. (Fr. detresse) misery ; 
misfortune ; affliction ; seizure. — v. to af- 
flict ; to harass ; to make miserable. 

Pis-tr6ss'ful, a. full of trouble; miserable. 

Pis-trgss'ful-ly, ad. in a miserable manner. 

Pis-trgss'ing, a. afflicting ; painful. 

Dis-trib'ute, v. (L. dis, tributum) to 

divide ; to deal out ; to dispense. 
Pis-trlb'u-ter, n. one who distributes. 
Pls-tri-bu'tion, n. the act of distributing. 
Pis-trlb'u-tive, a. that distributes. 
Pis-trlb'u-tive-ly, ad. by distribution. 
Pis-trlb'u-tive-ness, n. desire of distributing. 

Dis'trict, n. (L. di, strictum) a pro- 
vince ; a territory ; a circuit. 

Dis-triist', v. (L.dis, S. trywsian) not 
to trust ; to doubt ; to suspect.— n. doubt ; 
suspicion ; discredit. 

Pis-trust'ful, a. apt to distrust ; diffident. 

Pis-trust'ful-ly, ad. in a distrustful manner. 

Pis-trust'ful-ness, n the being distrustful. 

Pis-trtist'ing, n. want of confidence. 

Pis-trustless, a. without suspicion. 

Dis-turb', v. (L. dis, turba) to perplex ; 
to disquiet ; to interrupt. 

Pis-tur / ban9e, n. confusion ; tumult. 

Pis-tur'ber, n. one who disturbs. 

Dis-u-nlte', v. (L. dis, unus) to sepa- 
rate ; to divide ; to part. 

Fate, fat, far, fall; me", m6t, there, her; pine, pin, field, fir; note, n6t, nor, move, son; 




Dis-un'ion, n. separation ; disjunction. 
Dis-ii'ni-ty, n. a state of separation. 
Pis-Q'ni-form, a. not uniform. 

Dis-Qse', v. (L.dis,usum) to cease to use. 
Dis- use', n. cessation of use. 
Dis-u'sage, n. cessation of custom. 

Dis-val'ue, v. (L. dis, valeo) to set a 
low price upon ; to disesteem. — n. dis- 
esteem ; disregard. 

Dis-val-u-a'tion, n. disesteem ; disgrace. 

Dis-Yoiich', v. (L. dis, voco) to dis- 
credit ; to contradict. 

Dis-wont', v. (L. dis, S. wunian) to 
deprive of wonted usage. 

Dis-wor'ship, n. (L. dis, S. weorth- 
scipe) cause of disgrace. 

Di-ta'tion, n. (L. dito) act of enriching. 

Ditch, n. (S. die) a trench cut in the 

ground ; a moat.' — v. to make a ditch. 
Dltc.h'er, n. one who digs ditches. 

Dl'the-ism, n. (Gr. dis, theos) the doc- 
trine of* two Gods. 

Di'the-ist, n. one who believes in two God?. 

Di-the-ls'tic, Dl-the-Is'ti-cal, a. pertaining 
to ditheism. 

Dith'y-ramb, DTth-y-ram'bic, n. (Gr. 
dithur umbos) a hymn in honour of Bacchus. 
Dlth-y-ram'bic, a. wild ; enthusiastic. 

Dit'ta-ny, n. (Gr. diktamnos) a plant. 

Dit'to,ad. (L.dictum) as said ; the same. 

DTt'ty, n. (L. dictum \) a poem ; a song. 
Dlt'tied, a. sung ; adapted to music. 

Dl-u-ret'ic, a. (Gr. dia, ouron) pro- 
moting urine.— n. a medicine that pro- 
motes urine. 

Di-ur'nal, a. (L. dies) relating to the 

day.— n. a day-book ; a journal. 
Dl-ur'nal-ist, n. one who writes a journal. 
Dl-iir'nal-ly, ad. daily; every day. 
Dl-u-tur'nal, a. lasting ; of long continuance. 
Dl-u-tur'ni-ty, n. length of duration. 

Di-van', n. (Ar.) the grand council of 
Turkey ; a council ; a hall. 

Di-var'i-cate,v. (L. di,varico) to divide 

into two ; to open ; to stride. 
Di-var-i-ca'tion, n. partition ; division. 

Dive, v. (S. dufian) to sink under 

water ; to go deep ; to penetrate. 
Div'er, n. one who dives. 

Di-veT, v. (L. di, vello) to pull asunder. 
Di-vfil'sion, n. the act of pulling asunder. 
Di-vul'sive, a. having power to pull asunder. 

Di'verb, n. (L. di, verbum) a proverb. 

Di-verge', v. (L. di, vergo) to tend 

various ways from one point. 
Di-veygence, Di-veVgen-cy, n. tendency 

to various parts from one point. 
Di-ver'gent, a. tending to various parts from 

one point. 

Di-vert', v. (L. di, verto) to turn aside; 
to amuse ; to entertain ; to exhilarate* 

Di'vers, a. several; sundry; more than one. 
Dl'verse, a. different ; unlike ; various. 
Di-veVsi-fy, v. to make different ; to vary. 
Di-ver-si-fl-ca'tion, n. variation ; change. 
Di- version, n. a turning aside ; sport ; play. 
Di-ver'si-ty, n. difference ; variety. 
Dl'verse-ly, ad. in different ways ; variously. 
Di-vert'er, n. one that diverts. 
Di-verfise, v. to please ; to exhilarate. 
Di-veVtise-menJ, n. pleasure ; delight. 
Di-ver'tiVe, a. amusing ; exhilarating. 

Di-vest', v. (L. di, vestis) to strip. 
Di-vgst'ure, n. the act of putting off. 

Di-vide', v. (L. divido) to part ; to se- 
parate ; to sunder ; to deal out. 

Di-vid'a-ble, a. that may be divided. 

Pi-vid'ed-ly, ad. separately. 

Dlv'i-dSnd, n. a share ; a part allotted in a 
division ; a number to be divided. 

Bi-vld'er, n. one that divides. 

Di-vld'ing, n. separation. 

Di-vld'u-al, a. shared ; participated. 

Di-vls'i-ble, a. that may be diviaeo. 

Di-vli-i-bll'i-ty, n. the being divisible. 

Di-vl^'i-ble-ness, n. quality of being divisible. 

Di- vis/ion, n. the act of dividing ; that which 
divides ; the part separated ; disunion. 

Di-vl'sive, a. creating division or discord. 

Di-vI'§or, n. a number that divides. 

Di-vine', a. (L. divus) pertaining to 
God; godlike; heavenly.—??, a minister 
of the gospel ; a clergyman ; a theologian 
— v. to foretel ; to presage ; to conjecture. 

Dlv-i-na'tion, n. the act of divining. 

Dlv'i-na-tor, ??. one who professes divination. 

Di-vln'a-to-ry, a. professing divination. 

Di-vlne'ly, ad. by the agency or influence of 
God ; in a divine manner ; excellently. 

Di-vlne'ness, n. participation of the divine 
nature ; supreme excellence. 

Di-vln'er, n. one who professes divination. 

Di-rln'i-ty, n. the state of being divine ; the 
nature or essence of God; the Deity; a 
false god ; a celestial being ; the science of 
divine things ; theology. 

Di-vorce', r. (L. di, verto) to dissolve 
the marriage contract ; to separate.—??,, the 
leeal separation of husband and wife. 

Di-vorce'ment, n. dissolution of marriage. 

Di-vor cer, n. one that divorces. 

Di-vor'cive, a. having power to divorce. 

Di-viilge', v. (L. di, vulgus) to make 

public'; to make known ; to proclaim. 
Di-vul'gate, v. to publish.— a. published. 
Di-vul-ga'tion, n. the act of publishing. 
Di-vul'ger, n. one who divulges. 

Di-vuTsion. See under Divel. 

Di'zen, dl'zn, v. to dress ; to deck. 

Diz'zy, a. (S. dysi) giddy; thought- 
less ; whirling.— t*. to make giddy. 
Dlz'zard, Dls/ard, 7i. a blockhead. 
Dlz'zi-ness, n. giddiness ; vertigo. 

Do,v. (S. don) to practise ; to perform ; 

to execute ; to exert ; to transact ; to finish ; 

to answer the purpose : p. t. did ; p.p. done. 
Do'er, n. one who does ; an agent. 
Do'ings, n. pi. things done ; transactions. 

Doat. See Dote. 

tube, tub, full ; cry, crypt, myrrh ; toll bc>^. Our, nOw, new ; cede, gem, raise, exist, thin. 




Docile, a. (L. doceo) teachable. 
D6c'i-ble, a. easily taught ; tractable. 
D69 r i-ble-ness, n. readiness to learn. 
Do-cll'i-ty, n. aptness to be taught. 

Dock, n. (S. docce) a plant. 

Dock, n. (G. dok) a place for building 

or laying up ships. 
Dock'yard, n. a place where ships are built, 

and naval stores reposited. 

Dock, v. (W. tociaw) to cut off; to 

cut short — n. the stump of a tail. 
Dock'et, n. a label or direction on goods ; a 
list of cases in court. — v. to mark with titles. 

Doc'tor, n. (L. doctum) a title in 
divinity, physic, law, &c. ; a physician ; a 
learned man. 

Doc'tor-al, a. relating to the degree of doctor. 

D6c'tor-al-ly, ad. in the manner of a doctor. 

Ddc'tor-ate, n. the degree of a doctor. — v. to 
confer the degree of doctor. 

Doc'tor-ess, n. a female physician. . 

D&c'tor-ly, a. like a learned man. 

Ddc'tor-ship, n. the rank of a doctor. 

Doc'trine, n. what is taught ; a principle of 
belief; a truth of the gospel ; instruction. 

D6c'tri-nal, a. containing doctrine ; pertain- 
ing to the act of teaching. — n. something 
that is part of doctrine. 

Dfic'tri-nal-ly, ad. in the form of doctrine. 

D6c'u-ment,ft.precept ; instruction ; a written 
evidence. — v. to instruct ; to direct ; to 
furnish with documents. 

D6c-u-ment'al, a. belonging to instruction. 

Doc-u-ment'a-ry, a. pertaining to documents. 

Dod'der, n. (Ger. dotter) a plant. 
Dod'dered, a. overgrown with dodder. 

Do-dec'a-gon, n. (Gr. dodeka, gonia) 

a figure of twelve equal sides. 
Dodge, v. (dog 2 .) to use craft ; to shift 

place ; to play fast and loose. 
Ddd'ger, n. one who dodges. 
Dftd'ger-y, n. trick. 

Dod'kin, n. (D. duii) a little doit. 
Dod'man, n. a crustaceous fish. 
Do'do, n. a large bird. 
Doe, n. (S. da) the female of a buck. 
Doff, v. (do, off) to put off; to strip. 

Dog, n. (Ger. dogge) a domestic animal. 
— v. to follow as a dog. 

DSg'ged, a. sullen ; sour; morose. 

Ddg'ged-ly, ad. sullenly ; sourly ; morosely. 

Ddg'ged-ness, n. sullenness ; moroseness. 

Ddg'ger-el, a. loose ; irregular ; vile ; mean. 
— n. a loose, irregular kind of verse. 

Dog'gish, a. churlish ; brutal. 

Dog'brl-er, n. the brier that bears the hip. 

Dog'cheap, a. cheap as dogs' meat. 

DSg'days, n. pi. the days in which the dog- 
star rises and sets with the sun. 

D6g / f Ight, n. a battle between dogs. 

DQg'keep-er, n. one who takes care of dogs. 

D&g'f Ish, n. a species of shark. 

D6g / fly, n. a voracious biting fly. 

D&gTieart-ed, a. cruel ; pitiless ; malicious. 

DOg'hole, n. a mean habitation. 

DSg'ken-nel, n. a house for dogs. 

Ddg'leech, n. a dog-doctor. 
Ddg'mad, a. mad as a dog. 
Dog'rGfe, n. the flower of the hip. 
Dog's/ears, n. pi. the corners of leaves of 

books folded down. 
DSg'sIck, a. sick as a dog. 
Ddg'skln, a. made of the skin of a dog. 
D6g / sle€p, n. pretended sleep. 
Dog's/meat, n. refuse; offal; vile stuff. 
Ddg'star, n. the star Sirius. 
Dog'trot, n. a gentle trot, like that of a dog. 
Dogteeth, n. the teeth next the grinders. 
Ddg'trlck, n. an ill turn ; surly treatment. 
DogVea-ry, a. excessively weary. 

Do^e, n. (It.) formerly the title of the 
chief magistrate of Venice and Genoa. 

Dog'ma, n. (Gr.) an established prin- 
ciple ; a settled opinion ; a doctrinal notion. 

Dog-mafic, Dog-mat'i-cal, a. authoritative ; 
positive ; magisterial ; arrogant. 

Dog-mat'i-cal-ly, ad. positively ; arrogantly. 

Dog-mat'i-cal-ness, n. the being dogmatical. 

Ddg'ma-tisjm, n. positiveness in opinion. 

DOg'ma-tist, n. a positive asserter. 

DOg'ma-tlze, v. to assert positively. 

Ddg'ma-tiz-er, n. one who dogmatizes. 

Doily, n. a species of woollen stuff. 

Doit, n. (D.duit) a small piece of money. 

Dole, v. (S. dcelan) to deal ; to distri- 
bute. — n. the act of dealing; any thing 
dealt out ; a portion ; charity. 

Dole, n. (L. doleo) grief; sorrow. 
DOle'ful, a. sorrowful ; dismal. 
Dole'ful-ly, ad. sorrowfully ; dismally. 
DOle'ful-ness, n. sorrow ; melancholy. 
DOle'some, a. melancholy ; gloomy. 
Dole'some-ness, n. gloom ; melancholy. 
Dolour, n. grief ; lamentation ; pain. 
D31-o-rIf er-ous, a. producing pain. 
D6l-o-rlfic, a. causing grief or pain. 
DoTo-rous, a. sorrowful ; dismal ; painful. 
D6ro-rous-ly, ad. sorrowfully ; mournfully. 

Doll, n. (idol 2 .) a child's puppet or baby 

Dollar, n. (Ger. thaler) a silver coin. 

Dol'phin, n. (Gr. delphin) a fish. 

Dolt, n. (S. dol) a heavy stupid fellow 
Dolfish, a. stupid ; dull. 
Dolt'ish-ness, n. stupidity. 

Do-main', n. (L. dominus) dominion ; 
estate ; land about a mansion-house. 

Dome, n. (L. domus) a building ; a 
house ; an arched roof ; a cupola. 

Do'mal, a. pertaining to a house. 

Do-meYtic, a. belonging to the house; pri- 
vate ; tame ; not foreign. — n. one kept in 
the family ; a servant. 

Do-mgs'ti-cal, a. belonging to the house. 

Do-meVti-cal-ly, ad. in a domestic manner. 

Do-meYti-cate, v. to make domestic ; to tame. 

DOm'i-cile, n. a house ; a residence. 

Dom'i-ciled, a. having an abode. 

D6m-i-ciria-ry, a. pertaining to an abode ; 
intruding into private houses. 

Dom-i-cll'i-ate, v. to render domestic. 

Dom'i-nate, v. (L. dominus) to rule 5 
to govern ; to prevail over. 

Fate, fat, far, fall; me, met, there, her; pine, pin, field, fir; note, not, nor, mdve, son; 




Doml-nant, a. ruling ; governing ; prevailing. 
D6in-i-na'tion,n. power ; dominion ; tyranny. 
Doml-na-tive, a. governing ; imperious. 
D6ml-na-tor,n.a ruler; an absolute governor. 
DOm-i-neer 7 , v. to rule with insolence. 
Do-mlnlon, n. sovereign authority; power; 
government ; territory ; region ; district. 

Do-min'i-cal, a. (L. dominus) noting 
the Lord's day, or the Lord's prayer. 

Don, n. (L. dominus) a Spanish title. 
D6n'ship,n.the rank ofa gentleman or knight. 

Don, v. {do, on) to put on. 

Do-na'tion, n. (L. donum) the act of 

giving ; a grant ; a gift. 
DG'na-ry, n. a thing given to sacred uses. 
DSn'a-tive, n. a gift ; a present ; a largess. 
Do-nee', n. one to whom any thing is given. 
Do'nor, n. one who gives any thing. 

Done, p.p. of do. 

Don'jon, n. (Fr.) a strong tower. 

Doom, v. (S. dom) to judge ; to con- 
demn ; to destine. — n. judicial sentence ; 
condemnation ; destruction. 

Doom'ful, a. full of destruction. 

Dooms/day, n. the day of final judgment. 

Dodms'day-book, n. a book made by order 
of William the Conqueror, in which the 
estates of England were registered. 

Door, n. (S. duru) the entrance into 

a house or apartment ; a passage. 
Doorcase, n. the frame of a door. 
DooVkeep-er, n. one who keeps a door. 
DoGr'post, n. the post of a door. 
Door'stead, n. entrance of a door. 

Doq'uet. See Docket. 

Do'ri-an, a. pertaining to Doris. 
DoVic, a. pertaining to Doris ; denoting one 

of the orders of architecture. 
DOr'i-cisru, n. a phrase of the Doric dialect. 

Dor'mant, a. (L. dormio) sleeping ; at 
rest ; not used ; concealed ; leaning. 

Dor'mant, D6Vmar,Ji. a large beam ; a sleeper. 

Dor'mi-tive, n. a soporific medicine. 

Dor'mi-to-ry, n. a place to sleep in ; a burial 

Dorlure, n. a place to sleep in ; a dormitory. 

Dorlnouse, n. a small animal. 

Dorp, n. (D.) a small village. 

Dorr, n. a kind of flying insect. 

Dor'sal, a. (L. dorsum) relating to 

the back. 
Dor'sel, DoVser, n. a pannier ; a basket. 

Dose, n. (Gr. dosis) the quantity of 
medicine taken at one time.— v. to give in 

Dot, n. (S. dyttan ?) a small point or 
stop. — v. to mark with dots ; to make dots. 

Do'tal, a. (Gr. dos) relating to the mar- 
riage portion of a woman. 
Do-ta'tion,n. the act of endowing; endowment. 

Dote, v. (D. doten) to have the mind 
impaired by age or passion ; to be silly ; 
to love extremely ; to decay. 

Do'tage, n. imbecility of mind ; silly fondness. 
D5'tard,n. one whose mind is impaired by age. 
Do'tard-ly, ad. like a dotard ; stupid; weak. 
Dot'er, n. one who dotes ; one weakly fond. 
Dot'ing-ly, ad. by excessive fondness. 

DoYtard, n. {doddered 2 .) a tree kept 
low by cutting. 

Dot'ter-el, n. {dote) a bird. 

Dou-a-nier', n. (Fr.) an officer of 

Double, a. (L. duplex) two of a sort ; 
twice as much ; twofold ; deceitful. — ad. 
twice over. — v. to add as much more ; to 
increase to twice the quantity; to repeat ; 
to fold ; to pass round. — n. twice the quan- 
tity or number ; a trick ; a shift. 

Doub'le-ness, n. the being double ; duplicity. 

Doub'ler, n. one that doubles. 

Doublet, n. a waistcoat ; two ; a pair. 

Doubling, n. an artifice ; a shift. 

Doub'ly,a< twice the quantity ; deceitfully. 

Doub-loon', n. a Spanish coin. 

Doub'le-blt-ing, a. cutting on either side. 

Doub'le-deal-er, n. a deceitful person. 

Doub'le-deal-ing, n. artifice ; duplicity. 

Doub'le-dye, v. to dye twice over. 

Doub'le-e;ed, a. with a deceitful aspect. 

Doub'le-faced, a. deceitful ; hypocritical. 

Doub'le-formed, a. having a mixed form. 

Doub'le-fOunt-ed, a. having two sources. 

Doub'le-glld, v. to gild with double colouring. 

Doub'le-hand-ed, a. having two hands. 

Doub'le-heart-ed, a. having a false heart. 

Doub'le-16ck,v. to fasten with double security 

Doub'le-mlnd-ed, a. unsettled ; wavering. 

Doub'le-mouthed, a. having two mouths. 

Doub'le-na-tured, a. having a twofold nature. 

Doub'le-shade, v. to double natural darkness. 

Doub'le-shln-ing, a. shining with double 

Double-tongued, a. deceitful. 

Doubt, dout, v. (L. dubito) to waver ; 
to hesitate ; to suspect ; to question.—/*, 
uncertainty of mind ; hesitation ; suspense ; 
suspicion ; difficulty. 

Doubt'a-ble, a. that may be doubted. 

Doubt'er, n. one who doubts. 

DOubt'ful, a. not settled ; ambiguous ; ob- 
scure ; uncertain ; hazardous ; suspicious ; 
not confident. 

Doubt'ful-ly, ad. in a doubtful manner. 

Doubt'ful-ness, n. suspense ; ambiguity. 

Doubting, n. scruple ; perplexity. 

Ddubt'ing-ly, ad. in a doubting manner. 

Doubtless, a. secure. — ad. unquestionably. 

DOubtless-ly, ad. unquestionably; certainly. 

Dou-ceur 7 , n. (Fr.) a bribe ; a lure. 

Dough, do, n. (S. dak) unbaked paste. 
Dough'y, a. like dough ; soft ; unhardened. 
Dough/baked, a. unfinished ; soft. 
Dough'knead-ed, a. soft ; like dough. 

Dough'ty, dou/ty, a. (S. dohtig) brave; 

valiant ; noble ; eminent. 
Doughli-ness, n. valour ; bravery. 

Doiise, v. (Gr. duo 2 .) to plunge into 
water ; to fall suddenly into water. 

Dove, n. (S. duua) a pigeon. 
Dove'cot, Dove'hOuse, n. a place for doves. 

tube, tub, lull; cry, crypt, myrrh; toll, boy, Our, now, new; cede, gem, raise, exist, thin. 




Dovelike, a. resembling a dove. 
Dove'ship, n. the quality of a dove. 
Dov'ish, a. like a dove ; innocent. 
Dove'tail, n. a form of joining two bodies.— 

v. to join by dovetail. 
Dow'er, Dow'er-y, Dow'ry, n. (Gr. dos) 

the property which a wife brings to her 

husband ; a widow's portion ; endowment. 
Dow'a-ble, a. that may be dowered. 
D6w'a-ger, ru a widow with a jointure ; a 

lady who survives her husband- 
Dtiw'ered, a. furnished with a dower. 
D6w'er-less,a. withoutadower ; unportioned. 

Dow'dy, n. (Gael. dud\) an awkward 

ill-dressed woman. — a. awkward. 
Dowlas, n. a kind of coarse linen. 

Down, n. (Dan. duuri) soft feathers 
or hair ; any thing that soothes. 

Dftwned, a. stuffed with down. 

Dftwn'y, a. covered with down ; soft. 

Down, n. (S. dun) a flat on the top of 
a hill ; a large open plain. 

Down, prep. (S. aduri) along a de- 
scent ; from a higher to a lower place ; to- 
wards the mouth of a river. — ad. to a lower 
place or state ; on the ground. — a. plain ; 
dejected.— v. to descend ; to conquer. 

DSwn'ward, Down'wards, ad. from a higher 
to a lower place ; in a descending course. 

Ddwn'ward, a. tending down ; dejected. 

Down'cast, a. bent down ; dejected. 

D&wn'fal. n. ruin ; calamity ; a sudden fall. 

Dftwn'fallen, a. ruined; fallen. 

DSwn'gyved, a. hanging down loose. 

D6wn'hlll, n. declivity. — a. sloping. 

D6wn / 166ked,a.gloomy ; sullen ; melanchol}'. 

Ddwn'ly-ing, n. the time of repose* 

Dd^vvn'right, a. plain ; open ; direct ; un- 
ceremonious. — ad. straight down ; in plain 
terms; completely. 

D6wn'right-ly, ad. in plain terms ; bluntly. 

D6wn'right-ness, n. plainness ; bluntness. 

DSwn'sIt-ting, n. the act of sitting ; rest. 

Dox-ol'o-gy, n. (Gr. doxa, logos) a 

form of giving glory to God. 
DSx-o-l6g'i-cal, a. giving praise to God. 

Dox'y, n. a prostitute ; a sweetheart. 

Doze, v. (Dan. doser) to slumber ; to 

sleep lightly ; to stupify. 
Do'zy, a. sleepy ; drowsy ; sluggish. 
Do'zi-ness, n. sleepiness ; drowsiness. 
Do'zing, n. a slumbering ; sluggishness. 
Doz'en, duz'n, a. (Fr. douzaine) twelve. 

— n. the number twelve. 
Drab, n. (S. drabbe) a slut ; a strumpet. 

— v. to associate with strumpets. 
Drab'bing, n. a keeping company with drabs. 

Drab, n. (Fr. drap) a kind of thick 
woollen cloth. — a. of a dun colour, like drab. 

Drachm, dram, n. (Gr. drachme) a 
Greek coin ; the eighth part of an ouncj. 

Draff, n. (D. draf) refuse; lees; dregs. 

Draf'fish, Draf'fy, a. dreggy; worthless. 

Draft. See Draught. 

Drag, v. (S. dragan) to pull along by 

force ; to draw along ; to trail on the 
ground ; to proceed heavily.— n. a kind of 
net ; a hook ; a car ; whatever is drawn. 

Drag'man, n. a fisherman who uses a dragnet. 

Drag'net, n. a net which is drawn along the 
bottom of the water. 

Drag'o-man, n. (Ch. turgman) an in- 
terpreter in Eastern countries. 

Drag'on, n. (Gr. drakon) a kind of 

winged serpent ; a fierce, violent person. 
Drag'o-net, n. a little dragon, 
Drag'on-ish, a. in the form of a dragon. 
Drag'on-llke, a. furious ; fiery. 
Drag'on-fiy, n. a fierce stinging fly. 
Drag'on^-blood, n. a resin. 

Dra-goon', n. (Gr. drakon) a soldier 
who serves either on horseback or on foot. 
—v. to compel to submit. 

Drag-oon-ade', n. a ravaging by soldiers. 

Drain, v. (S. drehnigean) to draw off 
gradually ; to make dry.— n. a channel for 
water ; a watercourse ; a sink. 

Drake, n. the male of the duck. 

Dram,n. (Gr. drachme) the eighth part 
of an ounce in apothecaries' weight, and 
the sixteenth in avoirdupois ; a glass of 
spirituous liquor. 

Dra'ma, Dra'ma, n. (Gr.) a poem 
accommodated to action ; a tragedy ; a 
comedy ; a play. 

Dra-mat'ic, Dra-mat'i-cal, a. pertaining to 
the drama ; represented by action. 

Dra-mat'i-cal-ly, ad. by representation. 

DramVtist, n. a writer of plays. 

Drank, p. t. of drink. 

Drape, v. (Fr. drap) to make cloth. 

Dra/per, n. one who sells cloth. 

Dra r per-y, n. the trade of making or selling 
cloth ; cloth ; the dress of figures in paint- 
ing and sculpture. 

Dras'tic, a. (Gr. drao) powerful ; active. 

Draught, draft, n. (S. dragan) the act 
of drinking ; the quantity drunk at once ; 
the act of drawing ; the quantity drawn ; 
delineation ; sketch ; a detachment ; the 
depth to which a vessel sinks in water ; an 
order for money. — v. to draw out. 

Draughts, n. pi. a game resembling chess. 

Draught'hOuse, n. a house for refuse or filth. 

Draughts'man, n. one who draws writings 

Draw, v. (S. dragan) to pull along; to 
pull out ; to bring by force ; to attract ; 
to inhale ; to extract ; to extend ; to de- 
rive ; to deduce ; to allure ; to compose ; 
to delineate ; to move ; to advance : p. t. 
drew ; p. p. drawn. 

Braw r a-ble, a. that may be drawn. 

Draw-ee', n. one on whom a bill is drawn. 

DraWer, n. one who draws ; a waiter ; a 
sliding box in a case or table. 

Draw r er|, n. pi. a close under garment. 

Drawing, n. delineation; representation. 

Drawn, a. equal ; having equal advantage. 

Draw'back, n. money paid back or returned. 

Draw'brldge, n. a bridge made to be lifted up. 

Draw'ing-room, n. a room for company. 

Fate, fat, far, fall; me, met, there, her; pine, pin, field, fir; note, not, nor, move, son; 




Drawl, v. (D. draalen) to utter slowly. 

— n. slow protracted utterance. 
Dray, n. (S. dragari) a low cart. 
Dray'horse, n. a horse which draws a dray. 
Dray'man, n. a man who attends a dray. 
Dread, n. (S. dreed) great fear; terror; 

awe. — a. awful.— v. to be in great fear. 
Dread'er, n. one who dreads. 
Dread'ful, a. terrible ; awful. 
DrSad'ful-ness, n. terribleness. 
Dread'ful-ly, ad. terribly ; frightfully. 
Dread'less, a. fearless ; intrepid. 
Dread'less-ness, n. fearlessness ; intrepidity. 
Dream, n. (D. droorri) thoughts in 

sleep ; idle fancy. — v. to have thoughts in 

sleep ; to imagine ; to idle ; to see in a dream. 
Dream'er, n. one who dreams. 
Dream'ing-ly, ad. sluggishly ; negligently. 
Dream'less, a. free from dreams. 
Drear, a. (S. dreorig) dismal ; gloomy. 
Drear'y, a. dismal; gloomy; mournful. 
Drear'i-ly, ad. dismally ; gloomily. 
Dreart-ness, n. dismalness ; gloominess. 

Dredge, n. (Fr. drege) a kind of net. 

— v. to gather with a dredge. 
DrSd'ger, n. one who fishes with a dredge. 

Dredge, v. to scatter flour on meat 

while roasting. 
Dregs, n. pi. (Ger. dreck) sediment of 

liquors ; lees ; refuse. 
Dreg'gish, a. foul with lees. 
Dreggy, a. containing dregs ; muddy. 

Dren^, v. (S. drencan) to wet tho- 
roughly ; to soak ; to purge violently. — n. 
a draught ; a swill. 

Dress, v. (Fr. dresser} to clothe ; to 
adorn ; to deck ; to cook ; to cover a wound ; 
to put in order ; to arrange in a line : p. t. 
and p. p. dressed or drgst. 

Drfiss, n. clothes ; garment ; habit. 

DrSss'er, n. one who dresses ; a kitchen table. 

Drgss'ing, n. attire ; ornament ; application 
to a wound ; labour or manure upon land. 

Dr6ss'ing-r66m, n. a room for dressing in. 

Drew, dru, p. t. of draw. 

Drib, v. (S. driopan) to crop ; to cut 

off; to defalcate. — n. a drop. 
Drlb'ble, v. to fall in drops. 
Drlb'bling, n. a falling in drops. 
Drlb'let, n. a small quantity or sum. 

Dri'er. See under Dry. 

Drift, n. (S. drifan) any thing driven 
at random ; a heap driven together ; de- 
sign ; scope. — v. to drive ; to be driven 
along ; to be driven into heaps. 

Drill, v. (S. thirlian) to pierce with a 
drill ; to bore ; to exercise troops ; to train ; 
to sow in rows ; to flow gently; to muster. 
— n. an instrument for boring holes ; a 
small brook ; military exercise ; a row of 
grain ; an ape ; a baboon. 

Drink, v. (S. drinc) to swallow liquors ; 
to quench thirst ; to be a habitual drunk- 
ard ; to absorb : p. i. drank : p.p. drunk. 

Drink, n. liquor to be swallowed ; beverage. 

Drlnk'a-ble, a. that may be drunk. 

Drlnk'er, n. one who drinks ; a drunkard. 
Drlnk'ing, n. the act of quenching thirst; 
the habit of taking strong liquors to excess. 
Drlnk'mon-ey, n. money given to buy liquor. 

Drip, v. (S. driopan) to fall in drops. 

— n. that which falls in drops. 
Drlp'ping, n. fat that falls from roast meat. 

Drive, v. (S. drifan) to force along ; 

to urge forward ; to impel ; to force ; to 

carry on ; to guide ; to rush with violence ; 

to pass in a carriage ; to tend ; to aim : p. t. 

drove; p.p. drlv'en. 
Drive, is. passage in a carriage. 
Driv'er, n. one who drives ; a coachman. 
Drlv'ing, n. the act of impelling ; tendency. 

Driv'el, drivl, v. (dribble ?) to slaver ; 
to be weak ; to dote.— n. slaver ; an idiot. 
Drlv'el-ler, n. a slaverer ; an idiot ; a fool. 

Driz'zle, v. (G. driusan) to fall in 

small drops. — n. small rain or snow. 
Drlz'zling, n. the falling of small drops. 
Drlz'zly, a. shedding small rain or snow. 

Droil, v. (D. druilen) to drudge ; to 
plod. — n. a drudge ; a slave. 

Droll, a. (Fr. drole) comical ; odd ; 
merry.— n. a jester ; a buffoon ; a farce. — 
t\ to play the buffoon ; to jest ; to cheat. 

Droll'er, n. a jester ; a buffoon. 

Droll'er-y, n. idle jokes; buffoonery. 

Droll'ing, 7i. low wit ; buffoonery. 

DrOll'ing-ly, ad. in a jesting manner. 

DroH'ish, a. somewhat droll. 

Drom'e-da-ryjttXGr.dro/flas) a species 
of camel. 

Drone, n. (S. dran) the male of tho 
honey bee ; a sluggard ; an idler ; a low 
humming sound. — 1\ to live in idleness ; 
to emit a low humming sound. 

Dron'ing, n. dull drivelling utterance. 

Drun'ish, a. idle; indolent; doggish. 

Dron'ish-ness, n. laziness; inactivity. 

Droop, v. (S. driopan) to languish ; 
to faint ; to sink. 

Drop, n. (S. dropa) a globule of liquid ; 
a very small quantity of liquor ; an ear- 
ring.— v. to pour or fall in drops ; to let 
fall ; to fall ; to quit ; to die. 

Drop'let, n. a little drop. 

Dropping, n. that which drops. 

Drop'sy, n. (Gr. hudor, ops) a collec- 
tion of water in the body. 

DrSp'si-cal, a. diseased with dropsy ; tending 
to dropsy ; of the nature of dropsy. 

Dr6p'sied,*a. diseased with dropsy." 

Dross, n. (S. dros) the scum of metals; 

rust ; refuse. 
Dros'si-ness, n. foulness ; impurity; rust. 
Dros'sy, a. full of dross ; worthless ; foul. 

Drought, drout, n. (S. drugoihe) dry 

weather ; want of rain ; thirst. 
DrOught'y, a. wanting rain ; sultry; thirsty. 

Drove, p. t. of drive. 

Drove, n. (S. draf) a number of cattle; 

any collection of animals ; a crowd. 
Dro'ver, n. one who drives cattle. 

tube, tub, fflll ; cry, crypt, myrrh ; toil, b6?, Our, n5w, new ; ?ede, gem, raise, exist, thin. 





Drown, v. (S. drencari) to suffocate in 
water ; to overwhelm in water ; to over- 
flow ; to inundate ; to immerge. 

Drdwn'er, n. one that drowns. 

Drowse, v. (D. drooseri) to make heavy 
with sleep ; to slumber ; to look heavy. 

Drow'sy, a. sleepy; heavy; dull. 

Dr6w'§i-ly, ad. sleepily ; heavily ; lazily. 

Drdw'§i-ness, n. sleepiness ; sluggishness. 

Drow'§y-head-ed, a. sluggish ; heavy. 

Drub, v. (Sw. drabba) to beat ; to 
thrash.— n. a blow ; a thump ; a knock. 

Drub'bing, n. a beating ; a thrashing. 

Drudge, v. (S. dreogari) to work hard; 
to labour in mean offices. — n. one employed 
in mean labour ; a slave. 

Drud'ger-y, n. mean labour ; hard work. 

Drud'ging-ly, ad. laboriously ; toilsomely. 

Drug, n. (Fr, drogue) any substance 
used in medicine ; any thing without value. 
— v. to season or tincture with drugs. 

Driig / gist, n. one who deals in drugs. 

Drug'get, n. (Fr. droguet) a kind of 

woollen stuff. 
Druid, n. (Gr. drus) an ancient 

Celtic priest. 
Dru-ld'i-cal, a. pertaining to the druids. 
Dru'id-i§m, n. the religion of the druids. 
Drum, n. (D. trom) an instrument of 

military music ; the tympanum of the ear ; 

a large concourse of visitors. — v. to beat a 

drum ; to expel with beat of drum. 
Drum'mer, n. one who beats a drum. 
Drtim-ma'jor, n. the chief drummer. 
Drumstick, n. a stick for beating a drum. 

Drum'ble, v. (S. dran \) to be sluggish. 

Drunk, a. (S. drinc) intoxicated with 

liquor ; saturated with moisture. 
DrGnk'ard, n. one habitually drunk. 
Drunk'en, a. intoxicated with liquor. 
Drunk'en-ly, ad. in a drunken manner. 
Drtink'en-ness, n. intoxication ; inebriation. 
Dry, a. (S. drig) not wet ; not rainy; 

not juicy ; arid ; thirsty ; barren ; plain ; 

cold ; sarcastic— v. to free from moisture ; 

to drain ; to grow dry. 
Drl'er, n. that which absorbs moisture. 
Dry'ly, ad. without moisture ; coldly. 
Dry'ness, n. want of moisture ; barrenness. 
Dry'nurse, n. a woman who brings up and 

feeds a child without the breast. 
Pry'salt-er, n. a dealer in dried meats, &c. 
Dry'shod, a. without wet feet. 

Dry'ad, n. (Gr. drus) a wood-nymph. 

Du r al, a. (L. duo) expressing the 

number two. 
Du-al'i-ty, n. that which expresses two. 
Dub, v. (S. dubban) to make a man 

a knight ; to confer any dignity ; to make 

a quick noise. — n. a blow ; a knock. 
Du'bi-ous, a. (L. dubius) doubtful ; 

uncertain ; not plain. 
Du-bl'e-ty, n. uncertainty; doubtfulness. 
DuTn-ous-ly, ad. uncertainly; doubtfully. 
Pu'bi-ous-ness, n. uncertainty; doubtfulness. 
Du'bi-ta-ble, a. doubtful ; uncertain. 

DQ'bi-tan-cy, n. doubt ; uncertainty. 
Du-bi-ta'tion, n. the act of doubting. 

Du'cal. See under Duke. 

Duck, n. (Ger. ducken) a water-fowl; 
a declination of the head ; a dip under 
water. — v. to dive or put under water ; to 
drop down the head ; to cringe. 

Duck'er, n. a diver ; a cringer. 

Duckling, n. a young duck. 

Duck'ing-stool, n. a stool to duck scolds. 

Duek'legged, a. short-legged. 

Duct, n. (L. ductum) guidance ; a 

passage ; a canal ; a tube. 
Dtic'tile, a. easily drawn out ; pliable. 
Duc'tile-ness, n. flexibility; ductility. 
Duc-tll'i-ty, n. capacity of being drawn out 

without breaking ; compliance. 
Duc'ture, n. direction ; guidance. 

Dud'geon, n. (Ger. degen) a small 
dagger ; anger ; sullenness ; ill-will. 

Due, a. (L. debeo) owed ; that ought 
to be paid or done ; proper ; exact. — ad. 
directly; exactly. — n. that which belongs 
to one ; right ; just title ; custom ; tribute. 

Du'ly, ad. in due manner; properly; fitly. 

Du'ty, n. what one is bound to perform ; 
obedience ; service ; tax ; impost ; custom. 

Du'te-ous, a. obedient; respectful. 

Du'ti-ful, a. obedient; submissive. 

Du'ti-ful-ly, ad. obediently ; respectfully. , 

Du'ti-ful-ness, n. obedience ; submission. 

Du'el, n. (L. duellum) a combat be- 
tween two.— v. to fight a single combat. 
Du'el-ler, n. a single combatant. 
Du'el-ling, n. the custom of fighting duels. 
Du'el-list, n. one who fights in single combat. 
Du-erlo, n. (It.) the rule of duelling. 

Du-en'na, n. (Sp.) an old woman who 
guards a younger ; a governess. 

Du-et', n. (L. duo) an air for two 


Dug, n. (Ic. deggia) the pap of a beast. 
Dug, p. t. and p. p. of dig. 

Duke, n. (L. duco) one of the highest 
order of nobility ; a prince ; a chief. 

Du'cal, a. pertaining to a duke. 

Duc'at, n. a coin struck by dukes. 

Duch'ess, n. the lady of a duke. 

Duch'y, n. the territory of a duke. 

Duke'dom, n. the possessions, title, or 
quality of a duke. 

DuTcet,a. (L. dulcis) sweet; melodious. 
Dul'ci-fy, v. to make sweet. 
Dul^i-fi-ca/tion, n. the act of sweetening. 
Dul'ci-mer, n. a musical instrument. 
Dul'co-rate, v. to sweeten. 
Dul-co-ra'tion, n. the act of sweetening. 

Dull, a. (S. do!) stupid ; sluggish ; blunt ; 
awkward ; not quick ; sad ; gross ; not 
bright ; drowsy. — v. to stupify ; to blunt ; to 
sadden ; to damp ; to make heavy ; to sully. 

Dul'lard, n. a blockhead.— a. stupid. 

Dcil'ler, n that which makes dull. 

Dul'ly, ad. stupidly ; slowly; sluggishly. 

Dul'ness, n. stupidity; heaviness; bluntness. 

Duirbrained, a. stupid ; doltish. 

Fate, fat, far, fall ; me, met, there, her ; pine, pin, field, fir; note, n6t, n5r, m6ve, son: 




Dull^brdwed, a. having a gloomy look. 
Duil'eyed, a. having a downcast look. 
Dtill'head, n. a blockhead ; a dolt. 
DQlTsIght-ed, a. having weak sight. 

Dumb, dum, a. (S.) mute ; not able 

to speak ; silent. — v. to silence. 
Dumb'ly, ad. mutely ; silently. 
Dtimb'ness, n. incapacity to speak ; silence. 
Dum'fdund, v. to make dumb ; to confuse. 

Dump, n. (Ger. dumm) sadness ; mel- 
ancholy ; sorrow ; a melancholy tune. 
Dump'ish, a. sad ; melancholy ; dull. 
Dump'ish-ly, ad. in a moping manner. 
Dump'ish-ness, n. sadness ; melancholy. 
Dump'ling, n. a sort of pudding. 
Dump'y, a. short and thick. 

Dun, a. (S.) a colour partaking of 

brown and black ; dark ; gloomy. 
Dun'nish, a. inclining to a dun colour. 

Dun, v. CS. dynan) to claim a debt im- 
portunately. — n. an importunate creditor. 
Dun'ner, n. one employed in soliciting debts. 

Dunce, 7i. (Ger. duns) a dolt; a dullard. 
Dun'cer-y, n. stupidity ; dulness. 
Dun'ci-fy, v. to make a dunce. 

Dung, n. (S.) the excrement of ani- 
mals. — v. to void excrement ; to manure. 

Dung'y, a. full of dung ; mean ; worthless. 

Dung'hlll, n. a heap or accumulation of 
dung. — a. sprung from the dunghill ; mean. 

Dung'yard, n. the place of a dunghill. 

Dungeon, n. (Fr. donjon) a close dark 
prison. — v. to shut up as in a dungeon. 

Du'o, n. (L.) a song in two parts. 
Du-o-dSc'i-mo, n. a book in which a sheet is 

folded into twelve leaves. — a. having twelve 

leaves to a sheet. 
Du-o-deVu-ple, a. consisting of twelves. 
Du-um'vi-rate, n. government by two. 

Dupe, n. (Fr.) a credulous person ; 
one easily tricked.— v. to trick ; to deceive. 

Du'ple, a. (L. duo,plico) double. 
Du'pli-cate, v. to double ; to fold. — a. double ; 

twofold. — n. an exact copy ; a transcript. 
Du-pli-ca'tion, n. the act of doubling ; a fold. 
Du'pli-ca-tQre, n. a fold ; any thing doubled. 
Du-pllc'i-ty, n. doubleness ; deceit. 

Dure, v. (L. duro) to last ; to continue. 
Du'ra-ble, a. lasting or continuing long. 
Du-ra-bll'i-ty, n. the power of lasting. 
Du'ra-ble-ness, n. the power of lasting. 
Du'ra-bly, ad. in a lasting manner. 
Du'rance, n. continuance; imprisonment. 
Du-ra'tion, n. continuance ; length of time. 
Du'resse, n. imprisonment ; constraint. 
Du'ring, prep, for the time of continuance. 
Du'ri-ty, n. hardness ; firmness ; harshness. 

Durst, p. t. of dare. 

Dusk, a. (Ger. duster) tending to dark- 
ness ; dark-coloured. — n. tendency to dark- 
ness ; darkness of colour. 

Dus'ki-ness, n. incipient darkness. 

Dus'kish, a. inclining co darkness. 

Dus'kish-ly, ad. darkly ; cloudily. 

Dus'kish-ness, n. approach to darkness. 

Dfls'ky, a. tending to darkness ; gloomy. 

Dust, n. (S.) earth or other matter 
reduced to powder ; earth ; the grave. — v. 
to free from dust ; to sprinkle with dust. 

Dust'er, n. that which frees from dust. 

Diist'y, a. filled or covered with dust. 

Diist'i-nesSjn.state of being covered with dust. 

Dust'man, n. one who carries away dust. 

Dutch, n. the people and language of 
Holland. — a. belonging to Holland. 

Dut'chess. See Duchess. 

Du'ty. See under Due. 

Dwarf, n. (S. dweorg) a person below 
the usual size. — a. below the usual size.— 
v. to hinder from full growth. 

Dwarfish, a. below the natural size. 

Dwarf' ish-ness, n. littleness of stature. 

Dwell, v. (Dan. dvoeler) to live in a 
place; to reside; to remain: p. t. and p.p. 
dwelt or dwelled. 

DwglFer, n. one who lives in a place. 

Dwelling, n. place of residence ; habitation. 

Dwell'ing-hduse.n. the house where one lives. 

Dweiring-place, n. a place of residence. 

Dwin'dle, v. (S. dwinan) to shrink ; 
to grow less ; to fall away ; to make less. 

Dye, v. (S. deagan) to tinge ; to colour; 

to stain. — n. hue ; colouring matter. 
Dye'ing, n. the art of colouring cloth. 
D^'er, n. one who colours cloth. 

Dy'ing. See under Die. 

Dyke. See Dike. 

Dy-nam'ics, n. (Gr. dunamis) the 
science of mechanical powers. 

Dyn'as-ty, n. (Gr. dwiastes) govern- 
ment ; a race or succession of rulers. 

DyYcra-sy, n. (Gr. dus, krasis) an ill 
habit or state of the humours. 

DyYen-ter-y, n. (Gr. dus, enteron) 

iooseness ; bloody flux. 
Dys-en-ter'ic, a. relating to dysentery. 

DyYpep-sy, n. (Gr. dus, pepto) diffi- 
culty of digestion ; indigestion. 

Dys'u-ry, n. (Gr. dus, our on) difficulty 
in voiding urine. 


Eagh, a. (S. ale) either of the two ; 
every one of any number. 

Ea'gerja. (L. acer) ardently desirous ; 

vehement ; impetuous ; sharp ; keen. 
Ea'ger-ly, ad. ardently ; keenly. 
Ea'ger-ness, n. ardent desire ; 'impetuosity. 

Ea'gle, n. (L. aquila) a bird of prey ; 

_ a military standard. 

Ea'glet, n. a young eagle. 

Ea'gle-eyed, a. sharp-sighted as an eagle. 

Ea'gle-slght-ed, a. having quick sight. 

Ea'gle-speed, n. swiftness as of an eagle. 

Ea'gle-stone, n. a kind of stone. 

Ea'gre, n. (S. egor) a tide swelling 
above another tide. 

tube, tQb, full ; cry, crypt, myrrh ; toll, bS?, Our, n5w, new ; ?ede, £em, rai§e, exist, thin. 




Ean. See Yean. 

Ear,n. (S.eare) the organ of hearing; 
_ the power of judging of harmony. 
Ear'less, a. without ears ; deaf. 
Earmark, n. a mark on the ear. 
Ear'rlng, n. an ornament for the ear. 
Ear'shSt, n. reach of the ear. 
Ear'wax, n. cerumen of the ear. 
Ear'wlg, n. an insect ; a whisperer. 
Ear'wlt-ness, n. one who attests what he 
has heard. 

Ear, n. (S.) that part of corn which 
contains the seeds. — v. to shoot into ears. 

Ear, v. (S. erian) to till ; to plough. 
Ear'a-ble, a. that may be ploughed. 
Easing, n. a ploughing of land. 

Earl, n. (S. eorl) a title of nobility. 

Earl'dom, n. the dignity of an earl. 

Earl-mar'shal, n. one of the great officers of 
state, who has the superintendence of mili- 
tary solemnities. 

Early, a. (S. cer) soon ; being in good 
v time or season. — ad. soon ; betimes. 
Ear'li-ness, n. the state of being early. 

Earn, v. (S. earnian) to gain by labour ; 
v to obtain ; to deserve ; to merit. 
Earning, n. that which is earned. 

Ear'nest,a. (S.eornest) ardent ; zealous ; 
eager. — n. seriousness ; pledge ; first fruits ; 
v money given in token of a bargain. 
Ear'nest-ly, ad. warmly ; eagerly; zealously. 
Ear'nest-ness, n. eagerness ; seriousness. 

Earth, n. (S. eorthe) the matter which 
composes the globe ; soil ; the ground ; the 
terraqueous globe ; the world. — v. to hide 

v in the earth ; to bury ; to cover with earth. 

Earth'en, a. made of earth or clay. 

Earthing, n. an inhabitant of the earth. 

Earthly, a. belonging to the earth; not 

„ spiritual ; vile ; mean ; carnal. 

Earth'y, a. consisting of earth ; resembling 

v earth ; relating to the earth ; gross. 

Earth'i-ness, n. the being earthy; grossness. 

Eartli'board, n. the board of a plough that 

v turns over the earth. 

Eartfr'born, a. born of the earth. 

Earth/bound, a. fastened by the earth. 

Earth'brfid, a. low; abject ; grovelling. 

Earth'cre-at-ed, a. formed of earth. 

Eartfr'fed, a. low; abject. 

Earth'flax, n. a kind of fibrous fossil. 

Earth'ly-mind-ed, a. having a mind devoted 

v to earthly objects. 

Earth'ly-mlnd-ed-ness, n. devotedness to 

„ earthly objects ; grossness ; sensuality. 

Eartfr'nut, n. a root like a nut. 

Earthquake, n. a convulsion of the earth. 

Earth'shak-ing, a. shaking the earth. 

Earth/worm, n. a worm bred under ground ; 
a mean sordid wretch. 

Ease, n. (Fr. aise) quiet; rest; facility. 
_ — v. to free from pain ; to relieve. 
Ease'ful, a. quiet ; peaceful. 
Ea|e'less, a. wanting ease ; deprived of rest. 
Ea^e'ment, n. relief ; convenience. 

Ea'sy, a. not difficult ; quiet ; free from pain ; 
_ complying ; free from want ; not formal. 
Ea'si-ly, ad. without difficulty ; readily. 
Ea'|i-ness, n. the quality of being easy. 

Ea'sel, e'zl, n. the frame on which a 
painter places his canvass. 

East, n. (S.) the quarter where the 
sun rises ; the eastern parts of the earth.— 
_ a. from or towards the rising sun. 
East'er-ling, n. a native of the east. 
East'er-ly, a. coming from the east ; lying 
_ towards the east ; looking eastward. 
Eastern, a. being in the east ; oriental. 
East' ward, ad. towards the east. 

East'er, n. (S.) the festival which com- 
memorates our Saviour's resurrection. 

Eat, v. (S. etan) to chew and swallow; 

to take food ; to devour ; to consume ; to 
_ corrode : p. t. ate or eat ; p.p. eat or eaten. 
Eat r a-ble, a. that may be eaten. — n. any 
_ thing that may be eaten. 
ISat'er, n. one that eats ; a corrosive. 
Eafing, n. the act of chewing and swallowing. 
Eat'ing-hSuse, n. a house where provisions 

are sold ready dressed. 

Eaves, n. pi. (S. efese) the edges of the 
_ roof of a house. 

Eaves/drop, v. to listen under windows. 
Eaves/dr6p-per, n. an insidious listener. 

Ebb, n. (S. ebbe) the reflux of the 
tide ; decline ; decay. — v. to flow back to- 
wards the sea ; to decline ; to decay. 

fib'bing, n. the reflux of the tide. 

Eb'o-ny, n. (Gr. ebenos) a hard black 

wood.— a. made of ebony, 
fib'on, a. made of ebony; dark; black. 

E-bri'e-ty, n. (L. ebrius) drunkenness. 
E-bri-6s r i-ty, n. habitual drunkenness. 

E-buirient,a.(L.£, bullio) boiling over. 
E-buirien*9y, n. a boiling over. 
Eb-ul-ll'tion, n. the act of boiling. 

Ec-cen'tric, Ec-yen'tri-cal, a. (Gr. ek, 
kentron) deviating from the centre ; not 
having the same centre ; irregular ; ano- 
malous. — n. a circle not having the same 
centre as another ; that which is irregular 
or anomalous. 

]5c-cen-trlc'i-ty, n. deviation from a centre ; 
deviation from what is usual ; irregularity. 

fic-chy-mo'sis, n. (Gr. eh, chuo) a livid 

spot in the skin. 
Ec-cle-si-as'tic, Ec-cle-si-as'ti-cal, a. 

(Gr. ekklesia) relating to the church. 
Ec-cle-ii-as'tic, n. a clergyman ; a priest. 
Ec-cle-^i-aVti-cal-ly, ad. as to the church. 
Ec-cle-§i-as'te§, n. a book of Holy Scripture. 
Ec-cle-fi-as'ti-cus^.a book of the Apocrypha. 

E-chi'nus, w. (L.) a hedgehog ; a shell- 
fish set with prickles ; a prickly head, 
fich'i-nate, Ech'i-na-ted, a. set with prickles. 

Ech'o, n. (Gr.) the reverberation of a 
sound. — send back a sound ; to resound. 

E-clair'cisse-ment, e-clar'cis-mang, n. 
(Fr.) explanation; the act of clearing up 
an affair. 

Fate, fat, far, fall; mS, met, there, her; pine, pin, field, fir; note, nOt, n3r, move. son| 




E-clat', e-cla', n. (Fr.) applause ; 
renown ; splendour ; show ; lustre. 

Ec-lec'tic, a. (Gr. ek, lego) selecting ; 
choosing**— n. one of the sect of Eclectics. 

E-clIpse', n. (Gr. ek, leipo) the darken- 
ing of one heavenly body by the shadow of 
another; darkness; obscuration. — v. to 
darken ; to obscure. 

E-clIp'tic, n. a circle which marks the sun's 
path in the heavens. — a. described by the 
ecliptic line. 

Eclogue, n. (Gr. ek, lego) a pastoral 

E-con'o-my, n. (Gv.oikos,nomos)thx'\fty 

management ; frugality; arrangement ; 

regulation ; system. 
Ec-o-ndm'ie, Ec-o-n5m'i-cal, a. pertaining 

to economy ; frugal ; thrifty. 
Ec-o-n6m'i-cal-ly, ad. with economy. 
Ec-o-ndm'ics, n. pi. household management. 
E-c6n'o-mist, n. a good manager of affairs ; 

one who writes on economy. 
E-con'o-mize, v. to use with economy. 

Ec-phrac'tic, a. (Gr. ek, phratto) dis- 
solving ; removing obstructions. 

Ec'sta-sy, n. (Gr. ek, stasis) excessive 
joy; rapture; enthusiasm ; a trance. — v. 
to fill with rapture. 

Ec-stat'ic, Ec-stat'i-cal, a. rapturous. 

ftc'type, n. (Gr. ek, tupos) a copy, 
fic'ty-pal, a. taken from the original. 

fic-u-men'i-cal. See (Ecumenical. 

E-dac/i-ty, n. (L. edo) voracity. 

Ed'dy, n. (S. ed, ea) a contrary cur- 
rent; a whirlpool.— a. whirling; moving 
circularly. — v. to move as an eddy. 

E-dem'a-tose, E-dem'a-tous, a. (Gr. 
oideo) swelling ; dropsical. 

E'den, n. (H.) paradise. 
E'den-Ized, a. admitted into paradise. 

£dge, n. (S. ecg) the cutting part of a 
blade ; the border ; the brink ; keenness. 
— v. to sharpen ; to give an edge ; to bor- 
der ; to incite ; to move sideways. 

fidged, p. a. sharp ; keen ; not blunt. 

Edging, n. a border ; a fringe. 

fid^e'less, a. blunt ; obtuse ; not sharp. 

fidge'todl, n. a tool with a sharp edge. 

fid^e'wlse, ad. with the edge forward. 

£d'i-ble, a. (L. edo) fit to be eaten. 

E'dict, n. (L. e, dictum) a proclama- 
tion ; a command ; a law. 

£d'i-fy, v. (L. cedes, facio) to build ; 

to instruct ; to improve. 
E-d!fi-cant, a. building; constructing. 
£d-i-fi-ca'tion, n. instruction ; improvement, 
fid'i-fi-ca-to-ry, a. tending to edification. 
£d'i-fiee, n. a building ; a structure, 
fid-i-fl'cial, a. relating to edifices, 
fid'i-fl-er, n. one who edifies. 
Ed'i-fy-ing, n. instruction, 
fid'i-fy-ing-ly, ad. in an instructive manner. 

E'dile, n. (L. cedes) a Roman magis- 
trate who had charge of buildings, &c. 

fid'it. v. (L. e, do) to superintend the 
publication of a book ; to publish. 

E-dl'tion, n. publication of a book ; the 
whole impression of a book ; republication. 

Ed'i-tor, n. one who superintends the publi- 

„ cation of a literary work. 

Ed-i-to'ri-al, a. belonging to an editor. 

Ed'i-tor-ship, n. the office and duty of an 

E-diice', v. (L. e, duco) to bring out. 
E-dtic'tion, n. the act of bringing out. 
fid'u-cate, v. to bring up ; to instruct, 
fid-u-ca'tion, n. the act of bringing up; in- 
struction ; formation of manners, 
fid-u-ca'tion-al, a. pertaining to education, 
fid'u-ca-tor, n. one who instructs youth. 

E-diirco-rate,?;. (L.dulcis) to sweeten. 
E-dul-co-ra/tion, n. the act of sweetening. 

Eek. See Eke. 

Eel, n. (S. eel) a serpentine slimy fish. 

EfTa-ble, a. (L. ex, f art) utterable. 

Ef-fase', v. (L. ex, facio) to blot out ; 
to erase ; to destroy ; to wear away. 

Ef-fect r ,n- (L. ex, factum) that which 

is produced by a cause ; consequence ; 

event ; purpose ; completion ; reality : pi. 

goods ; moveables. 
Ef-fect', v. to bring to pass ; to produce. 
Ef-fSc'ter, Ef-f6c"tor, n. one ayIio effects. 
Ef-fect'i-ble, a. practicable ; feasible. 
Ef-f6c'tive, a. having power to produce ; 

operative ; active ; able ; useful. 
Ef-fec'tive-ly, ad. with effect ; powerfully. 
Ef-fgct'less, a. without effect; useless. 
Ef-fec'tu-al, a. producing effect. 
Ef-feVtu-al-ly, ad. in an effectual manner. 
Ef-ffic'tu-ate, v. to bring to pass ; to fulfil. 

Ef-fem'i-nate, a. (L. ex, femina) wo- 
manish ; soft ; tender ; voluptuous. — v. to 
make or grow womanish or weak. 

Ef-fem'i-na-?y,n. softness ; unmanly delicacy. 

Ef-fem'i-nate-ly, ad. softly ; weakly. 

Ef-fgm'i-nate-ness, ti. unmanly softness. 

Ef-fgm-i-na'tion, n. womanish weakness. 

Ef-fer-vesce', v. (L. ex,ferveo) to be 

in commotion ; to bubble ; to work. 
fif-fer-veycen9e, n. commotion ; bubbling. 
Ef-fer-veYcent, a. gently boiling or bubbling. 

Ef-fete', o. (L. ex, fetus) barren ; worn 

fif-fi-ca'cious, a. (L. ex, facio) produc- 
tive of effects ; powerful. 

fif-fi-ca^ious-ly, ad. so as to produce effects. 

Ef'fi-ca-9y, n. power to produce effects. 

Ef-fVcience, Ef-fl'cien^y, n. the act or 
power of producing effects ; agency. 

Ef-fl'cient, a. causing effects; producing.— 
n. an active cause ; one who makes. 

Ef-f l'cient-ly, ad. with effect ; effectively. 

Ef'fi-gy, n. (L. ex,fingo) an image ; a 

likeness ; resemblance ; representation. 
Ef-f I'gi-al, a. exhibiting an effigy. 
Ef-f l'gi-ate, form in semblance ; to image. 

tube, tub, fail ; cry, crypt, myrrh ; t6Il, bdy, 5ur, now, new ; cede, £em, raise, exist, thin. 

H 2 




Ef-flate', v. (L. ex,flatum) to puff up. 
Ef-fla'tion, n. a breath ; a small blast. 

fif-flo-res'gence, Ef-flo-res'cen-cy, n. 

(L. ex,Jios) production of flowers; an ex- 

crescence ; an eruption. 
Ef-flo-reYcent, a. shooting out like flowers. 

fif fiu-ent, a. (L. ex,fiuo) flowing out. 
fifflu-ence, n. that which flows out. 
Ef-flu'vi-um, n. a minute particle flying off 
v from a body; vapour: pi. ef-flu'vi-a. 
fif'flux, n. the act of flowing out ; effusion. 
Ef-flux'ion, n. the act of flowing out. 

Ef-form', v. (L. ex, forma) to fashion. 
£f-for-ma/tion, n. the act of fashioning. 

Effort, n. (L.ex,fortis) a struggle ; 

exertion ; strain ; endeavour. 
Ef-fos'sion, n. (L. ex,fossum) the act 

of digging up. 

Ef-fron'ter-y, n. (L. ex, from) impu- 
dence ; shameless boldness. 

Ef-f ul^e', v. (L. ex, fulgeo) to send 
forth lustre ; to shine with splendour. 

Ef-fuTgenqe, n. lustre; brightness. 

Ef-f urgent, a. shining; bright; luminous. 

Ef-fume', v. (L. ex, fumits) to breathe 

or puff out ; to evaporate. 
Ef-fu-ma-bll'i-ty, n. evaporation. 

Ef-fu§se',«. (L. ex,fusum) to pour out. 
"Ef-f use', a. dissipated ; extravagant. 
Ef-fu'sfon, n. the act of pouring out ; a 
shedding ; waste ; that which is poured out. 
Ef-fu'sive, a. pouring out ; dispersing. 

Eft, n. (3. efeta) a newt. 

Eft, ad. (S.) soon ; quickly ; again. 
Eft'soon, ad. soon afterwards. 

E-gest', v. (L. e, gestum) to throw out. 
E-gest'ion, n. the act of throwing out. 

%>gg, n. (S. ceg) that which is laid by 
feathered and some other animals, from 
which their young is produced ; spawn. 

1&gg ? v. (S. eggian) to incite. 
fig'ging, n. incitement. 

figlan-tme, n. (Fv.eglantier) a species 
of rose ; sweet-brier. 

Eg'o-ist, n. (L. ego) one who doubts 

every thing but his own existence. 
Eg'o-tism, n. talking much of one's self. 
£g'o-tist, n. one who talks much of himself. 
Eg-o-tlst'i-cal, a. praising one's self. 

E-gre'gi-ous,«.(L.e, grex) remarkable; 

eminent ; extraordinary ; enormous. 
E-gre'gi-ous-ly, ad. remarkably; eminently. 

E'gress, n. (L. e, gressum) the act or 

power of going out'; departure. 
E-greYsion, n. the act of going out. 

E'gret,7i. (Fr. aigrette) a kind of heron. 

E'gri-ot, n. (Fr. aigre) a sort of cherry. 

Ei'der, n. (Sw.) a species of duck. 
Ei'der-down, n. the down of the eider duck. 

Eight, at, a. (S. cshta) twice four. 

Eighth, a. the ordinal of eight. 
Eighth'ly, ad. in the eighth place. 
Eighteen, a. eight and ten. 
Eighteenth, a. the ordinal of eighteen. 
Eight'y, a. eight times ten ; fourscore. 
Eight'i-eth, a. the ordinal of eighty. 
Eight'fold, a. eight times the quantity. 
Eight'score, a. eight times twenty. 

Ei'ther, a. (S. cegther) one or the other; 

one of the two ; each. — con. or. 
E-jac'u-late, v. (L. e,jacio) to throw 

out ; to cast ; to shoot ; to dart. 
E-jac-u-la'tion, n. the act of throwing out ; 

a short occasional prayer. 
E-jac'u-la-to-ry, a. throwing out ; sudden. 

E-ject', v. (L. e, jactum) to throw out; 
to cast forth ; to expel. 

E-j6c'tion, n. the act of casting out. 

E-jSct'ment, n. expulsion ; a writ command- 
ing an inhabitant or tenant to depart. 

Ej-u-la'tion, n. (L.ejulo) outcry; wail- 
ing; lamentation. 

Eke, v. (S. ecan) to increase ; to supply ; 
to protract.— n. an addition. — con. also ; 
likewise ; moreover. 

E-lab'o-rate, v. (L. e, labor) to pro- 
duce with labour ; to improve by successive 
operations. — a. finished with great labour. 

E-lab'o-rate-ly,a<2. with great labour or study. 

E-lab'o-rate-ness, n. state of being elaborate. 

E-lab-o-ra'tion, n. the act of elaborating. 

E-lance', v. (L. e, lancea) to throw out. 
E-lapse', v. (L. e, lapsum) to glide away. 

E-las'tic, E-las'ti-cal, a. (Gr. elao) 
springing back ; returning to the form from 

_ which it is bent, pressed, or extended. 

E-las-t!c'i-ty, n. the property of springing 
back to its original form. 

E-late', a. (L. e, latum) flushed with 
success ; lofty. — v. to puff up ; to elevate 

E-lat'ed-ly, ad. in a proud manner. 

E-la'tion, n. pride of prosperity. 

Ei'bow, n. (S. elboga) the next joint of 
the arm below the shoulder ; an angle.— v. 
^ to push with the elbow ; to jut out in angles. 
El'bow-chair, n. a chair with arms. 
Erbow-r66m, n. room to extend the elbows. 

Eld, n. (S.) old age ; old people. 
firder, a. surpassing another in years. — n. 
one more advanced in years ; an ancestor ; 
v an office-bearer in the presbyterian church, 
fil'der-ly, a. bordering upon old age. 
El'der-ship, n. seniority ; office of an elder. 
El'dest, a. most aged ; oldest. 

Ei'der, n. (S. ellam) a tree. 

E-lect', v. (L. e, ledum) to choose ; to 
pick out ; to prefer. — a. chosen. 

E-lec'tion, n. the act or power of choosing. 

E-lec-tion-eer'ing, n. arts used at an election. 

E-lec'tive, a. bestowed by election. 

E-leVtive-ly, ad. by choice. 

E-lec'tor, n. one who has a vote at an elec- 
tion ; the title of certain princes in Germany. 

E-leVto-ral, a. pertaining to an elector. 

E-leVto-rate, n. the territory of an elector. 

E-lec'tress, n. the wife or widow of an elector, 

Fate, fat, far, fall; me, met, there, her; pine, pin, field, fir; note, n6t, nOr, move, son; 




E-lec tre, n. (Gr. elektrori) amber. 
E-lec'tric, E-lec'tri-cal, a. pertaining to elec- 
_ tricity ; containing electricity. 
E-lec-trl'cian, n. one who studies electricity. 
E-lec-trlc/i-ty, n. a property of bodies which 

causes repulsion and attraction. 
E-lec'tri-fy, v. to charge with electricity ; to 

give an electric shock ; to excite suddenly. 
E-lec-tri-fi-ca'tion, n. the act of electrifying. 

E-lec'tu-a-ry, n. (Gr. ek 9 leicho) a soft 
compound medicine. 

fil-ee-mos'y-na-ry, a. (Gr. eleemosune) 
given in charity ; depending on charity. — 
r*. one who lives on charity. 

fil'e-gant, a. (L. e, lego) choice ; 
pleasing ; neat ; beautiful. 

El'e-gance, fil'e-gan-cy, n. beauty ; pro- 
priety ; grace ; neatness ; symmetry. 

fil'e-gant-ly, ad. with elegance ; gracefully. 

fil'e-gy, n. (Gr. elegeion) a mournful 

poem ; a funeral song, 
fil-e-gl'ae, a. pertaining to elegy ; mournful. 

— n. elegiac verse. 
El-e-gl'ast, £l'e-gist, n. a writer of elegies. 

E-le'^it, n. (L.) a kind of writ. 

El'e-ment, n. (L. elementum) a first or 
constituent principle ; an ingredient ; proper 
state or sphere ; rudiments of knowledge. 
— compound of elements ; to constitute. 

fil-e-mgnt'al, a. pertaining to elements. 

El-e-men-tal'i-ty, n. composition. 

El-e-niCnt'a-ry, a. primary; simple; uncom- 
pounded ; pertaining to elements. 

£l-e-men-tar'i-ty, n. uncompounded state. 

E-lench', n. (Gr. elenchos) a sophism. 
E-lench'i-cal, a. serving to confute. 

fil'e-phant,n. (Gr. elephas) the largest 

of quadrupeds, 
fil-e-phan'tine, a. pertaining to the elephant. 
£l-e-phan-tl'a-sis, n. a species of leprosy. 

fii'e-vate, v. (L. e, levis) to raise up ; 
to exalt. — a. raised ; exalted. 

£l-e-va'tion, n. the act of raising up ; exalt- 
ation ; dignity ; height ; altitude. 

E-lev'en, e-lev'n, a. (S. endlufori) ten 

and one. 
E-leVenth, a. the next in order to the tenth. 

ftlf,n. (S.) a fairy. — v. to entangle hair, 
filfin, a. w relating to fairies, 
filf'rsh, Elv'ish, a. relating to elves. 
filf'lOck, n. a knot of hair twisted. 

E-lic'it, v. (L. e, lacio) to draw out ; 

to strike out — a. brought into act. 
E-llc-i-ta'tion, n. the act of eliciting. 

E-lIde', v. (L. e, Icedo) to cut off. 
E-lI'smn, n. the act of cutting off. 

El'i-gi-ble, a. (L. £, lego) fit to be 
v chosen ; worthy of choice ; preferable, 
fil-i-gi-bll'i-ty, n. fitness to be chosen. 

E-lim'i-nate, v. (L. e, limen) to put 

out of doors ; to expel ; to discharge. 
E-lIm-i-na'tion, n. the act of expelling. 

E-li'sion. See under Elide. 

E-lix-a'tion, n. (L. e, lixo) the act of 

boiling or seething. 
E-Kx'ir, n. (Ar.) a liquid medicine ; 

refined spirit ; a cordial, 
filk, n. (S. elch) a species of stag. 
fill, n. (S. elne) a measure. 

El-lip'sis, n. (Gr. eh, leipo) an omis- 
sion ; an oval figure : pi. el-llp'ses. 

El-llp'tic, El-llp'ti-cal, a. defective; having 
the form of an ellipsis ; oval. 

El-llp'ti-cal-ly, ad. with an ellipsis. 

Elm, n. (S. ellm) a forest tree. 
fil'my, a. abounding with elms. 

El-o-CcVtion, ». (L. e, locus) a removal; 
a departure. 

El-o-cti'tion, n. (L. e, locutnm) pro- 
nunciation ; utterance ; delivery. 

El'o-cu-tive, a. having eloquent expression. 

El'o-^y. See Eulogy. 

E-loigne', e-lom', v. (L. e 9 long us) to 

remove to a distance. 
E-lftlgn'ate, v. to remove. 
E-lolgn'ment, n. remoteness; distance. 

E-lon'gate, v. (L. e Jong us) to lengthen ; 

to draw out ; to protract. 
£l-on-ga'tion, n. the act of lengthening out. 

E-lope', v. (S. hleapan) to run away 

clandestinely ; to escape privately. 
E-lope'ment,/}. a running away clandestinely. 

Elops, n. (Gr. ellops) a sea-serpent. 

El'o-quence, n. (L. e, loquor) the art of 
speaking well ; fluent and elegant speech. 

fil'o-quent, a. having the power of speaking 
with fluency, elegance, and animation. 

£l'o-quent-ly, ad. in an eloquent manner. 

Else, a. (S. elles) other ; one besides. 

— ad. otherwise ; beside ; except. 
filse'where, ad. in another place. 

E-lti'ci-date, v. (L. e, lux) to make 

clear ; to explain ; to illustrate. 
E-lu-9i-da'tion, n. explanation; exposition. 
E-lu'fi-da-tor, n. one who explains. 

fil-uc-ta'tion, n. (L. e, luctor) a burst- 
ing forth ; escape. 

E-lnde', v. (L. e, ludo) to escape by 

stratagem ; to evade. 
E-lu'di-ble, a. that may be eluded. 
E-lu'§ion, n. escape by artifice ; evasion. 
E-lu'sive, a. practising elusion ; deceptive. 
E-lu'so-ry, a. tending to elude ; deceitful. 

E-lute', v. (L. e, luo) to wash off. 
E-lu'tri-ate, v. to decant ; to strain off. 
E-lu-tri-a'tion, n. the act of straining off. 

E-lysfi-um, n. (L.) the place assigned 

by the heathen to happy souls after death. 
E-lys/i-an, a. pertaining to Elysium ; ex- 
ceedingly delightful ; deliciously soothing. 

E-ma^i-ate, v. (L. e, maceo) to waste; 

to grow lean ; to pine. — a. wasted. 
E-ma-ci-a'tion, n, the act of making lean. 

E-mac'u-late, v. (L.e, macula) to take 
out spots ; to make clean. 

tube, tub, full ; cry, crypt, myrrh ; toil, b6?, OQr, now, new; fede, gem, raise, exist, thin. 




fim'a-nate, v. {L.e, mano) to flow from. 
Em'a-nant, a. issuing or flowing from, 
fim-a-na'tion, n. the act of issuing from ; 
w that which issues ; an efflux, 
fim'a-na-tive, Em'a-na-to-ry,a. issuing from. 

E-man'ci-pate, v. (L. e, manus, capio) 

to set free from servitude. 
E-m&n-ci-pa'tion, n. the act of setting free. 
E-man'ci-pa-tor, n. one who sets free. 

E-mas'cu-late, v. (L. e, mas) to cas- 
trate ; to deprive of virility.— a. unmanned. 
E-mas-cu-la'tion, n. castration ; effeminacy. 

Em-bale', v. (Fr. en, balle) to pack ; 
to bind. 

Em-balm', em-bam', v. (Gr. en, balsa- 
mon) to impregnate with aromatics to pre- 
vent putrefaction ; to preserve from decay. 

Em-balm'er, n. one who embalms. 

Em-bar', v. (Fr. en, barre) to shut; to 
inclose ; to block up. 

Em-bar'go, n. (Sp.) a prohibition to 
sail. — v. to prohibit from sailing. 

Em-bark', v. (Fr. en, barque) to put or 

go on shipboard ; to engage. 
Em-bar-ka/tion, n. the act of embarking. 

Em-bar'rass, v. (Fr. embarras) to per- 
plex ; to distress ; to entangle. 
Em-bar'rass-ment, n. perplexity; trouble. 

Em-base', v. (L. in, basis) to vitiate ; 

to lower ; to deprave ; to degrade. 
Em-base'ment,w.deterioration ; depravation. 

fim'bas-sy,7i. (S. ambeht \) the message 

of an ambassador ; a solemn message. 
Ein-bas'sa-dor. See Ambassador. 

Em-bat'tle, v. (Fr. en, bataille) to 

range in order of battle. 
Em-bat'tled, a. furnished with battlements. 

Em-bay', v. {en, S. bugan) to inclose 
in a bay ; to landlock. 

Em-bed', v. {en, S.bed) to lay as in a bed. 

Em-bellish, v. (L. in, bellus) to adorn; 

to beautify ; to decorate. 
Em-beTlish-er, n. one who embellishes. 
Em-beTlish-ment, n. ornament ; decoration. 

Em'bers, n. pi. (S. cemyrian) hot 
cinders or ashes. 

Em'ber-week, n. a week in which an ember- 
day, or day of humiliation, falls. 

Em-bez'zle, v. (Fr. embler) to appro- 
priate by breach of trust. 
Em-bez'zle-ment, n. the act of embezzling. 

Em-blaze', v. {en, S. blase) to adorn 

with glittering embellishments. 
Em-bla'zon, v. to adorn with figures of 

heraldry ; to deck in glaring colours. 
Em-bla'zon-er, n. one who emblazons. 
Em-bla'zon-ry, n. pictures on shields. 

Em'blem, n. (Gr. emblema) enamel; 
a picture ; a figure ; a representation. — v. 
to represent by similar qualities. 

Em-ble-mafiCjEm-ble-mat'i-cal, a. compris- 
ing an emblem ; using emblems ; allusive. 

Em-ble-mafi-cal-ly, ad. by emblems. 

Em-blem'a-tist, n. an inventor of emblems. 
Em-blenr'a-tize^.to represent by an emblem. 

Em'ble-ments, (Fr. en, bit) profits 

arising from lands sown. 
Em-bod'y, v. {en, S. bodig) to form 

into a body ; to incorporate. 
Em-bokTen, v. {en, S. bald) to make 
w bold ; to encourage, 
fim'bo-his, n. (Gr. en, ballo) something 

inserted or acting in another. 
Em / bo-li§m, n. insertion of days or years to 

produce regularity of time ; intercalation. 
Em-bo'som, v. {en, S. bosum) to hold 

in the bosom ; to inclose ; to surround. 
Em-boss', v. (Fr. en, bosse) to form 

with protuberances ; to engrave with relief. 
Em-b&ss'ment, n. a prominence ; raised work. 

Em-boss', v. (Fr. en, bocage) to inclose 
or conceal in a thicket. 

Em-bot'tle, v. (Fr. en, bouteille) to put 
into a bottle ; to confine in a bottle. 

Em-bow', v. {en, S. bugan) to bend ; 
to arch ; to vault. 

Em-bow'eljU. {Yv.en,boyau) to take out 
the entrails ; to sink in another substance. 
Em-bow'el-ler, n. one who embowels. 

Em-bow'er, v. (en, S. bur) to place 
in a bower ; to lodge ; to build. 

Em-brace', v. (Gr. en, brachion) to 
hold fondly in the arms ; to seize ardently ; 
to comprehend; to comprise; to take.— 
n. fond pressure in the arms ; clasp. 

Em-brace / ment, n. clasp ; comprehension. 

Em-bra^er, n. one who embraces. 

Em-bra'cing, n. fond pressure in the arms. 

Em-bra'fer-y, n. attempt to corrupt a jury. 

Em-bra'sure, n. (Fr.) an aperture for 
cannon ; a battlement. 

fim'bro-cate, v. (Gr. en, brecho) to 
moisten and rub a diseased part. 

fim-bro-ca'tion, n. the act of embrocating; 
the lotion used for embrocating. 

Em-broi'der, v. (Fr. en, broder) to 

adorn with figured needle- work. 
Em-br6I'der-er, n. one who embroiders. 
Em-brdI'der-y, n. ornamented needle-work. 

Em-broil', v. (Fr. en, brouiller) to dis- 
turb ; to confuse ; to entangle. 
Em-broirment, n. confusion ; disturbance. 

Em-brue'. See Imbrue. 

fim'bry-o,Em'bry-on, n. (Gr. en, bruo) 
the offspring yet imperfect in the womb ; 
the rudiments of any thing unformed.— a. 
yet imperfect or unfinished. 

E-mend', v. (L. e, menda) to correct, 
fim-en-da'tion, n. correction ; improvement. 
Em'en-da-tor, n. a corrector ; an improver. 
E-mSn'da-to-ry, a. contributing correction. 

fim'e-rald, n. (Fr. emeraude) a precious 
stone of a green colour. 

E-merge', v. (L. e, mergo) to rise out 
of; to issue ; to proceed. 

Fate, fat, far, fall; me, met, tliere, her; pine, pin, field, fir; note, n5t, nor, mdve, son; 




E-meVgence, E-meVgen-cy, n. the act of 

emerging ; a sudden occasion. 
E-meVgent, a. rising out of; sudden ; casual. 
E-meVsion, n. the act of rising out of. 

E-mer'it-ed, a. (L. e, meritum) having 
done sufficient service. 

Em'er-ods, n. pi. (Gr. haima, rheo) 
hemorrhoids ; piles. 

Em'er-y, n. (Fr. emeri) a mineral 
used in cutting gems and polishing steeL 

E-met'ic, E-met'i-cal, a. (Gr. emeo) 

causing to vomit. 
E-met'ic, n. a medicine that causes vomiting. 
E-met'i-cal-ly, ad. so as to cause vomiting. 

Em-i-ca/tion, n. (L. e, mico) a spark- 
ling ; a flying off in particles. 

E-mic'tion, n. (L. e, mictum) urine. 

fim'i-grate, v. (L. e, migro) to remove 
from one's native country. 

fim'i-grant, n. one who emigrates. — a. re- 
moving from one country to another. 

fim-i-gra'tion, n. the act of emigrating. 

Em'i-nent, a. (L. emineo) high ; digni- 
fied ; conspicuous ; remarkable. 

£m / i-nence,£m'i-nen-cy,n.loftiness; height; 
summit; fame; distinction ; a title of honour. 

fim'i-nent-ly, ad. highly ; conspicuously. 

E'mir, n. ( Ar.) a title of dignity among 

the Turks. 
E-mit', v. (L. e, mitto) to send forth. 
£m'is-sa-ry , n. one sent on a mission ; a spy ; 

a secret agent. — a. looking about ; prying. 
E-mls'sion, n. the act of sending out 

Em'met, n. (S. amet) an ant ; a pismire. 

Em-mew', v. (Fr.en, mue) to coop up. 

Em-move', v. (L. in, moveo) to excite. 

E-moll'ient, a. (L. e, mollis) softening. 

— n. a medicine which softens. 
£m-ol-H'tion, n. the act of softening. 

E-m6Tu-ment, n. (L. e, mola) profit ; 

advantage ; gain. 
E-mOl-u-ment'al, a. yielding profit. 

E-mo'tion, n. (L. e, motum) a moving 
of the feelings ; passion ; agitation. 

Em-pale', v. (L. in, palus) to fence with 
a pale ; to put to death by fixing on a stake. 
Em-pale'ment, n. the act of empaling. 

Em-pan'nel. See Impannel. 

Em-park', v. {en, S.pearroc) to inclose. 

Em-pas'sion. See Impassion. 

Em'pha-sis,n.(Gr.e7i, phasis) stress of 
the voice on a word or sentence ; force im- 
pressed by pronunciation, pi. em'pha-sef. 

Em-phat'ic, Em-phat'i-cal, a. uttered with 

• emphasis ; forcible ; striking. 

Em-phat'i-cal-ly,ad. with emphasis ; forcibly. 

Em-phy-se'ma,n. (Gr.) a puffy tumour. 
Em-phy-sSni'a-tous, a. bloated ; puffed. 

Em'pire, n. CL.imperium) the domin- 
ion of an emperor ; supreme power. 

fim'per-or, n. a monarch superior to a king. 
Em'press, n. the wife of an emperor; a 
female who governs an empire. 

Em-pir'ic, n. (Gr. en, peirao) a quack. 

Em-pir'ic, Em-plr'i-cal, a. versed in experi- 
ments ; known only by experience. 

Em-plrii-cal-ly, ad. by experiment. 

Ein-plr'i-cism, n. dependence on experience 
without'knowledge or art ; quackery. 

Em-plas'ter, v. (Gr. en, plasso) to cover 

with a plaster. 
Em-plas'tic, a. viscous; glutinous ; adhesive. 

Em-ploy', v. (L. in, plico) to keep at 
work ; to exercise ; to use. — n. business ; 
occupation ; agency. 

Em-pl6y'a-ble, a. that may be employed. 

Em-ploy'er, n. one who employs. 

Em-ploy'ment, n. business ; occupation. 

Em-poi'son, em-poi'zn, v. (L. in, potio) 
to destroy by poison ; to taint with poison. 
Em-pol'son-er, n. one who poisons. 
Em-p6I'|on-ment, n. the act of poisoning. 

Em-po'ri-um, n. (L.) a place of mer- 
chandise ; a mart. 
Em-pov'er-ish. See Impoverish. 

Em-pow'er, v. (Fr. en, pouvoir) to give 
power to ; to authorize. 

Em-prise', n. (Fr. en,pris) an attempt 
of danger ; an enterprise. 

fimp'tion, n. (L. emptum) the act of 

Emp'ty, a. (S. cemti) containing no- 
thing ; void ; unfurnished ; barren ; vaip 
— v. to exhaust ; to become empty. 

£mp'ti-er, n. one who empties. 

£inp'ti-ness, n. state of being empty; want 
of substance; unsatisfactoriness. 

Em-pur'ple, v. (L. in, purpura) to 
make of a purple colour. 

Em-py-e'ma, n. (Gr. en, puon) a col- 
lection of purulent matter. 

Em-pyr'e-al, a. (Gr. en, pur) formed 
of pure fire or Fight. 

£m-py-re'an, Em-pyr'e-an, a. formed of 
pure fire.— n. the highest heaven. 

Em-pyr'e-um, fim-py-reu'ma, n. the taste 
or smell of burnt oils. 

fim-py-reu-mat'ic, Em-py-reu-mat'i-cal, a. 
having the taste or smell of burning. 

Em-pyVi-cal, a. containing the combustible 
principle of coal. 

fim-py-ro'sis, n. conflagration ; general fire. 

Em'u-late, v. (L. cemalus) to rival ; to 

strive to equal or excel, 
fim-u-la'tion, n. rivalry; contest. 
Em'u-la-tive, a. inclined to emulation. 
Em'u-la-tor, n. a rival ; a competitor. 
Em'u-la-tress, n. a female rival. 
Em'u-lous, a. desirous to excel ; rivalling, 
fim'u-lous-ly, ad. with desire of excelling. 

E-mul'gent, a. (L. e, mulgeo) milking 

or draining out. 
E-mul'sion, n. a soft liquid medicine. 

E-mimc'to-ry, n. (L. e, munctum) a 
secretory gland ; a duct. 

tube, tub, full; cry, crypt, myrrh; t6ll, bo?, our, no#, new; cede, gem, raise, exist, thin. 




E-mus-ca'tion, n. (L. e, muscus) the 
act of freeing from moss. 

En-a'ble, v. (en, S. abal) to make able ; 

to empower. 
En-a'ble-ment, n. the act of enabling. 

En-act', v. (L. in, actum) to perform ; 

to establish by law ; to decree. 
En-act'ment,w/the passing of a bill into a law. 
En-act r or, n. one who enacts. 
En-aet'ure, n. purpose ; decree. 

En-alla-ge, n. (Gr.) a figure making 
some change in the mode of speech. 

En-am'bush, v. (Fr. en, bois) to hide 
in ambush. 

En-am'el, v. (Fr. en, email) to inlay; 
to variegate with colours ; to form a glossy 
surface. — n. a substance used in enamelling ; 
the smooth hard covering of the teeth. 

En-am'el-ler, n. one who enamels. 

En-am'el-ling, n. the art of inlaying. 

En-am'our,v. (L. in, amor) to inflame 

with love ; to charm. 
En-am-o-ra'do, n. one deeply in love. 

En-ar ra/tion, n. (L. e, narro) recital; 
explanation ; exposition. 

E-nate', a. (L. e, natum) growing out. 

En-cage', v. (Fr. en, cage) to shut up ; 
to coop up ; to confine. 

En-camp', v. (L. in, campus) to pitch 
tents ; to form an army into a camp. 

En-camp'ment, n. the pitching of tents; a 

En-case', v. (Fr. en, caisse) to inclose 
or hide as in a case. 

En-caus'tic, a. (Gr. en, kaio) burnt in. 
— n. the art of enamelling. 

En-cave', v. (L. in, cavus) to hide as 
in a cave* 

En-ceinte', ang-sant', n.CFv.) inclosure. 
— a. with child ; pregnant. 

En-chafe', v. (Fr. en, chauffer) to en- 
rage ; to irritate ; to provoke. 

En-chain', v. (L. in, catena) to fasten 
with a chain ; to bind. 

En-chant', v. (L. in, cantum) to act 
upon by sorcery ; to charm ; to delight. 

En-chant'er, n. a magician ; a sorcerer. 

En-9hant'ing, p. a. charming ; delighting. 

En-chant'ing-ly, ad. in a charming manner. 

En-^hant'ment, n. magical charms ; spells ; 
incantation ; irresistible influence ; delight. 

En-chant'ress, n. a female who enchants. 

En-charge', v. (Fr. en, charger) to 
give in charge or trust. 

En-chase', v. (Fr. en, caisse) to infix; 
to adorn by embossed work ; to engrave. 

fin-chi-rid'i-on, n. (Gr. en, cheir) a 
little book for the hand ; a manual. 

En-cir'cle, v. (L. in, circus) to sur- 
round ; to environ. 
En-cir'clet, n. a small circle ; a ring. 

En-cht ic, n. (Gr. en, klino) a, particle 
which throws back the accent upon the 
preceding syllable. 

En-clois'ter, v. (L. in, clausum) to 
shut up as in a cloister. 

En-close', v. (L. in, clausum) to shut 
in ; to surround ; to encompass. 

En-clos/er, n. one who encloses. 

En-clo^ure, n. the act of enclosing ; the 
thing enclosed, or which encloses. 

En-coffin, v. (Gr. en, kophinos) to in- 
close in a coffin. 

En-co'mi-um,?i. (L.) praise ; panegyric. 

En-co'mi-ast, n. a panegyrist ; a praiser. 

En-co-mi-as'tic, En-co-mi-as'ti-cal, a. con- 
taining praise ; laudatory. 

En-com'pass, v. (L. in, con, passum) 

to enclose ; to surround ; to go round. 
En-cdm'pass-ment, n. act of encompassing. 

En-core', ang-cor', ad. (Fr.) again. — 
v. to call for repetition. 

En-coun'ter, n. (L. in, contra) a fight; 
a battle ; a contest ; a meeting.— v. to 
attack ; to engage ; to fight ; to meet. 

En-coun'ter-er, n. one who encounters. 

En-cour'a^e, v. lL. in, cor) to give 

courage to ; to animate ; to incite. 
En-cour'age-ment, n. incitement ; support. 
En-cour'a-ger, n. one who encourages. 
En-coQr'a-ging, p. a. giving hope of success. 
En-crease'. See Increase. 

En-croach', v. (Fr. en, croc) to intrude ; 

to invade ; to advance by stealth. 
En-croach'er, n. one who encroaches. 
En-croach r ment, n. unlawful intrusion. 

En-cum'ber, v. (en, D. kommeren) to 

clog ; to load ; to impede. 
En-cum'brance, n. clog ; load ; impediment. 


En-cy-clo-pae'di-a, n. (Gr. en, kuklos, 
paideia) the circle of the sciences ; a dic- 
tionary of instruction or knowledge. 

En-cy-clo-pae'di-an, a. embracing the whole 
circle of learning and science. 

En-cy-clo-pse'dist,n. one who assists in com- 
piling an encyclopaedia. 

En-cyst'ed, a. (Gr. en, kustis) inclosed 
in a vesicle or bag. 

find, n. (S. ende) conclusion ; termi- 
nation ; extremity ; limit ; death ; final 
doom ; purpose ; design. — v. to terminate ; 

^ to conclude ; to finish ; to cease ; to die. 

find'ing, n. conclusion ; termination. 

find'less, a. without end ; perpetual. 

find'less-ly, ad. incessantly; perpetually. 

find'less-nesSjW.endless extension or duration. 

End'long, arf. length-ways ; in a line. 

find'wlse, ad. on end ; erectly. 

En-dam'age, v. (L. in, damnum) to in- 
jure ; to harm ; to prejudice. 
En-dam'age-ment, n. injury ; loss. 

En-dan'ger, v. (Fr. en, danger) to put 
into hazard ; to bring into peril. 

Fate, fat, far, fall; me, met, there, her; pine, pin, field, fir; note, not, nor, move, son; 




En-dan'ger-ment, n. hazard ; peril. 

En-dear', v. (en, S. dyre) to make 

dear ; to make beloved. 
En-dear'ment, n. cause of love ; affection. 

En-deav'our, n. (Fr. en, devoir) an 

effort ; an attempt.— v. to attempt ; to try. 
En-deav'our-er, n. one who endeavours. 

En-dem'ic, En-dem'i-cal, En-de'mi-al, 
a. (Gr. en, demos) peculiar to a country. 

En-den'i-zen, v. (W. dinasddyri) to 
make free ; to naturalize. 

En-dlte'. See Indite. 

En-dorse', v. (L. in, dorsum) to write 
on the back of a bill of exchange ; to assign 
by writing on the back. 

En-dorse'ment, n. the act of endorsing ; that 
which is written on the back of a bill. 

En-dors'er, n. one who endorses. 

En-dow', v. (L. in, dos) to furnish 
with a portion ; to settle upon ; to enrich. 

En-d6w'ment, n. the act of settling upon ; 
the fund settled ; a gift of nature. 

En-due', v. (L. induo) to supply with ; 
to invest with ; to furnish. 

En-dure', v. (L. in, durus) to bear ; 

to sustain ; to last ; to remain. 
En-dur'ance, n. continuance; patience. 
En-dur'er, n. one who endures. 

£n'e-my, n. (L. in, amicus) a foe ; an 
adversary ; an opponent. 

£n'er-gy, n. (Gr. en, ergon) power ; 

force ; vigour ; efficacy ; spirit. 
fin-er-geVic, fin-er-get'i-cal, a. forcible ; 

active ; vigorous ; powerful ; efficacious. 
fin-er-g£t'i-cal-ly, an energetic manner. 
E-neVgic, E-neVgi-cal, a. vigorous ; active. 
£n'er-|lze, v. to give energy ; to excite action. 
En'er-glz-er, n. one that gives energy. 

E-ner'vate,t\ (l,.e,nervus) to weaken; 

to make feeble. — a. weakened. 
En-er-va'tion, n. the act of weakening. 
E-nerve', v. to weaken ; to render feeble. 

En-fee'ble, v. (Fr. en, foible) to weaken. 

En-feoff', v. (L. in, fides) to invest 

with possession ; to surrender. 
En-feoffment, n. the act of enfeoffing. 

fin-fi-lade',72. (,filum) a straight 
passage. — v. to pierce in a straight line. 

En-force',v.(L.m,/or/is) to strengthen ; 
to urge with energy ; to put in execution. 

En-for'ced-ly, ad. by violence. 

En-force'ment, n. the act of enforcing ; com- 
pulsion; sanction; anything which compels. 

En -former, n. one whoenforces. 

En-franchise, v. (Fr. en, franc) to 
make free ; to admit to the privileges of a 
freeman ; to liberate ; to naturalize. 

En-fran'chise-ment,n.theact of making free; 
admission to the privileges of a freeman. 

En-gage', v. (Fr. en, gager) to bind ; 
to enlist ; to embark ; to gain ; to attack ; 
to employ ; to encounter. 

En-ga'ged-ly, ad. with attachment. 

En-gage'ment, n. the act of engaging; obli- 
gation ; employment ; fight ; conflict. 

En-ga'ger, n. one who engages. 

En-ga'ging, p. a. winning ; attractive. 

En-ga'ging-ly, ad. in a winning manner. 

En-^aol', en-jal', v. (Fr. en, geole) to 
imprison ; to confine. 

En-garland, v. (Fr. en, guirlande) to 
encircle with a garland. 

En-gar'ri-son, v. (Fr. en, gar nison) to 
protect by a garrison. 

En-^en'der, v. (L. in, genus) to beget ; 

to produce ; to cause. 
En-gen'der-er, n. one who engenders. 

En-gild', v. (en, S. gild) to brighten; 
to illuminate. 

fin'gine, n. (L. ingenium) a machine. 
^n-gi-neer 7 , n.onewho constructs or manages 

engines ; one who directs artillery. 
fin-gi-neeVing, n. the art of an engineer. 
En^ine-ry, n. the act of managing engines ; 

artillery ; machination ; device. 

En-gird', v. (en, S. gyrdan) to en- 
circle ; to encompass ; to surround. 

English, Tnglish, a. belonging to Eng- 
land. — n.the people or language of England. 

En-glut', v. (L. in, glutio) to swallow; 
to fill ; to pamper ; to glut. 

En-gorge ',v. (Fr. en,gorge) to swallow; 

to devour ; to gorge. 
En-graft'. See Ingraft. 

En-grain', v. (S. geregnian) to dye in 
grain ; to dye deep. 

En-grave', v. (Gr. en, grapho) to cut 
figures on metals, wood, or stone ; to im- 
pressdeeply : p.p. en-graved' or en-graven'. 

En-grave'ment, n. the work of an engraver. 

En-grav'er, n. one who engraves. 

En-grav'ing, ;i. the art of cutting on metals, 
wood, or stone ; the picture engraved. 

En-grieve', v. (L. in, gravis) to vex. 

En-gross', v. (L. in, crassus) to in- 
crease in bulk ; to seize in the gross ; to 
take the whole ; to copy in a large hand. 

En-gross'er, n. one who engrosses. 

En-gross'ment, n. the act of engrossing. 

En-gulf', v. (Gr. en, kolpos) to throw 
into a gulf; to swallow up ; to absorb. 

En-hance', v. (Fr. en, hausserl) to 

raise ; to advance ; to increase. 
En-hance'ment, n. increase ; aggravation. 
En-hanger, n. one who enhances. 

En-har-mon'ic, a. (Gr. en, harmonia) 
that proceeds by very small intervals. 

E-nig'ma, n. (Gr. ainigma) a riddle ; 

an obscure question, 
fin-ig-mat'ic, En-ig-mat'i-cal, a. obscure. 
£n-ig-mat'i-cal-ly, ad. obscurely. 
E-nlg'ma-tist, / who deals in enigmas. 

tube, tub, full; cry, crypt, myrrh ; tfill, boy, Our, now, new ; cede, gem, raise, exist, thin. 




En-join', v. (L. in, jungo) to direct ; 

to order ; to prescribe. 
En-j6In'ment, n. direction ; command. 

En-joy', v. (Fr. en, joie) to feel or 

perceive with pleasure ; to delight in. 
En-j&y'a-ble, a. that may be enjoyed. 
En-j6y'er, n. one who enjoys. 
En-j6y'ment,n.pleasure ; happiness ; fruition. 

En-km'dle, v. (L. in, candeo ?) to set 
on fire ; to inflame. 

En-lard', v. (L.i?i, lardum) to grease; 
to baste. 

En-large', v. (L. in, largus) to make 
greater ; to increase ; to extend ; to am- 
plify ; to dilate ; to expatiate ; to set free. 

En-lar'ged-ly, ad. in an enlarged manner. 

En-large'ment, n. increase ; augmentation ; 
expansion ; release ; copious discourse. 

En-lar'ger, n. one who enlarges. 

En-lar'ging, n. the act of making greater. 

En-light', en-lit', v. (S. on, lihtan) to 
supply with light ; to illuminate. 

En-llght'en, v. to supply with light ; to illu- 
minate ; to instruct ; to cheer. 

En-llght'en-er, n. one who enlightens. 

En-lmk', v. (Ger. gelenk) to chain to. 

En-list', v. (Fr. en, liste) to enrol ; to 

register ; to engage in public service. 
En-llst'ment, n. the act of enlisting. 

En-li'ven,en-li'vn, v. (en, S. lif) to make 
alive ; to animate ; to excite ; to gladden. 
En-H'ven-er, n. one that enlivens. 

En-mesh', v. (en, Ger. masche) to en- 
trap ; to entangle. 

En'mi-ty, n. (L. in, amicus) unfriendly 
disposition ; hatred ; malice. 

En-no'ble, v. (L. in, nobilis) to make 

noble ; to dignify ; to exalt. 
En-no'ble-ment, n. the act of ennobling. 

Enn'ui, an'we, n. (Fr.) weariness ; las- 
situde ; disgust. 

fin-o-da'tion, n. (L. e, nodus) the act 
of untying a knot. 

E-nor'mous, a. (L. e, norma) beyond 
rule or measure ; excessive ; very wicked. 
E-nor'mi-ty, n. depravity ; atrocious crime. 
E-nor'mous-ly, ad. beyond measure. 
E-nor'mous-ness, n. the being enormous. 

E-nough', e-nuf, a. (S. genog) that 
satisfies desire ; sufficient. — ad. in a suffi- 
cient degree. — n. a sufficiency. 

E-n6w', a. the old plural of enough. 

E-nounce', v. (L. e, nuncio) to declare. 
E-nQn^i-ate, v. to declare ; to express. 
E-nun-^i-a'tion, redeclaration ; expression; 

manner of utterance ; intelligence. 
E-nun'ci-a-tive, a. declarative ; expressive. 

En-quire'. See Inquire. 

En-rage', v. (Fr. en, rage) to irritate. 

En-rank', v. (Fr. en, rang) to place in 
ranks or order 

dge', v. (en, S. rig) to form into 

En-rap ture, v. (L. in, raptum) to 
transport with pleasure ; to delight highly. 
En-rapt', a. thrown into an ecstasy. 

En-rav'ish, v. (Fr. en, ravir) to throw 

into ecstasy ; to transport with delight. 
En-rav'ish-ment, n. ecstasy of delight. 

En-rich', v. (en, S. ric) to make rich ; 

to fertilize ; to store ; to supply. 
En-rlfh'ment, n. the act of making rich. 


En-ring',u. (en,S. hring) tob'md round. 

En-robe', v. (Fr. en, robe) to dress ; to 

En-roT, v. (Fr. en, role) to insert in a 

roll or register ; to record. 
En-rorment,n.the act of enrolling ; a register. 


En-round', v. (L. in, rotundus) to en- 

En-sam'ple,n. (Jj.exemplum) a pattern. 

En-san'guined, p. a. (L. in, sanguis) 
stained or covered with blood. 

En-sched'ule, en-shed'ule, v. (Gr. en, 
schede) to insert in a schedule. 

En-sconce', v. (en, Ger. schanze) to 
cover as with a fort ; to secure. 

En-seal', v. (L. in,sigillum) to impress. 

En-seam', v. (en, S. seam) to sew up. 

En-sear', v. (en,S.searian) to cauterize. 

En-sem'ble, ang-sam'ble, n. (Fr.) all 
the parts taken together. 

En-shield', v. (en, S. scyld) to cover ; 
to protect. 

En-shrTne', v. (en, S. serin) to preserve 
as sacred. 

En-shroud', v. (en, S. scrud) to clothe; 
to invest ; to shelter. 

En'sign, en'sin, n. (L. in, signum) the 
flag or standard of a regiment ; the officer 
who carries a standard ; a badge. 

fin r sign-cy, n. the office of an ensign. 

fin'sign-bear-er, n. one who carries a flag. 

En -slave', v. (en, Ger. sclave) to re- 
duce to slavery ; to deprive of liberty. 
En-slave'ment, n. servitude ; slavery. 
En-slav'er, n. one who enslaves. 

En-snare', v. (en, Dan. snare) to en- 
trap ; to allure ; to take by guile. 
En-snar'er, n. one who ensnares. 

En-so'ber, v. (L. in, sobrius) to make 
sober ; to compose. 

En-sphere', v. (Gr. en, sphaira) to 
place in a sphere ; to make round. 

En-stamp', v. (en, D. stampen) to im- 
press as with a stamp. 

En-sue', v. (L. in, sequor) to follow. 

Fate, fat, far, fall; me, met. there, her; pine, pin, field, fir; note, n6t, nor, move, son 




En-sure', v. (L. in, securus) to make 
certain or secure. See Insure. 

En-sweep', v. (en, S. swapari) to pass 
over rapidly. 

En-tabla-ture, n. (L. in, tabula) the 
architrave, frieze, and cornice of a pillar. 

En-tail', v. (Fr. en, tailler) to settle 
the succession of an estate so that it cannot 
be bequeathed at pleasure. — n. an entailed 
estate ; the rule that limits the succession. 

En-tame', v. (en, S. tamian) to make 
tame ; to subdue. 

En-tan'gle, v. (en, S. tangX) to in- 
volve ; to twist ; to confuse ; to perplex. 
En-tan'gle-ment, n. involution ; perplexity. 

En-ten'der, v. (L. in, tener) to make 
tender ; to mollify. 

fin'ter, v. (L. intro) to go or come 
into ; to initiate ; to set down in writing. 

fin'ter-er, n. one who enters. 

fin'ter-ing, n. passage into a place. 

fin'tranfe, n. the act of entering ; the pass- 
age for entering ; initiation. 

fin'try, n. passage ; the act of entrance ; the 
act of setting down in writing ; beginning. 

fin-ter-par'lance,rc.(Linter,Fr .parler) 
mutual talk ; conference. 

fin'ter-prise, n. (L. inter, Fr. pris) 
an undertaking of hazard ; an arduous at- 
tempt. — v. to undertake ; to attempt. 

fin'ter-prl^-er, n. a man of enterprise. 

fin'ter-prl^-ing, p. a. adventurous ; bold. 

fin-ter-tiiin', v. (L. inter, teneo) to treat 
with hospitality ; to keep ; to hold in the 
mind ; to amuse ; to divert. 

ftn-ter-tain'er, n. one who entertains. 

£n-ter-tain'ing, p. a. amusing; diverting. 

En-ter-tain'ing-ly, ad. so as to amuse. 

£n-ter-tain'ment, n. hospitable treatment ; 
a feast ; amusement ; diversion. 

En-thraT. See Inthral. 

En-thrTT, v. (en, S. thirlian) to pierce; 

to penetrate. 
En-throne', v. (L. in, thronus) to place 

on a throne. 
En-thu'si-asm, n. (Gr. en, theos) heat 

of imagination ; ardent zeal. 
En-thu'si-ast, n. one of a heated imagination, 

elevated fancy, or ardent zeal. 
En-thu-si-as'tic.En-thu-fi-as'ti-cal, a. having 

enthusiasm ; ardentlv zealous. 
En-thu-^i-as'ti-cal-ly, a\i. with enthusiasm. 

fin'thy-meme, n. (Gr. en, thumos) a 

syllogism of which one of the premises is 

En-tlce', v. (S. tihtan\) to allure; to 

attract ; to tempt ; to incite. 
En-tlce'ment, n. allurement ; blandishment. 
En-tl'cer, n. one who allures to ill. 
En-tl'^ing, n. the act of alluring to ill. 
En-tl'^ing-ly, ad. in an alluring manner. 

En-tire', a. (L. integer) whole ; undi- 
vided ; complete ; full. 
En-tlre'ly, ad. in whole ; completely ; fully. 

En-thVness, n. completeness ; fulness. 
En-tlre'ty, n. completeness ; the whole. 

En-ti'tle, v. (L. in, titulus) to give a 
title or right to ; to dignify with a title. 

En'ti ty,w. (L. ens) being; existence. 

En-toil', v. (L. in, tela) to ensnare. 

En-tomb', en-tom',v. (Gr. en,tumbos\ 

to put into a tomb ; to bury. 
En-tomb'ment, n. burial. 

En-to-mol'o-gy, n. (Gr. entoma, logos) 

the natural history of insects. 
En-tor-ti-la'tion, n. (L. in, tortum) a 

turning into a circle or round figure. 

En'trails, n . pi. ( Gr. en tera) the bowels. 

En'tran5e. See under Enter. 

En-trance', v. (Fr. en, transe) to put 
into a trance ; to put into ecstasy. 

En-trap', v. (en, S. treppe) to catch 
in a trap ; to ensnare. 

En-treat', v. (L. in, tractum) to beg 

earnestly ; to beseech ; to use. 
En-treat'er, n. one who entreats. 
En-treat'ive, a. pleading ; treating. 
En-treat'y, n. petition ; prayer ; request. 

En'tre-mets, ang'tre-ma, n. (Fr.) small 
dishes set between the principal ones at tal >le. 

En'tre-pot, ang'tre-po, n. (Fr.) a ma- 
gazine ; a warehouse. 

fin'try. See under Enter. 

En-twine', v. (e?i, S. turinan) to twine 
or wreath round. 

En-twTst', v. (en, D. twisten) to twist 
or wreath round. 

E-nu'cle-ate, v. (L. e, nucleus) to 
clear; to explain ; to solve. 

E-nu'mer-ate, v. (L. e, numerus) to 

reckon up singly ; to number. 
E-nu-mer-a'tion, n. the act of numbering. 
E-nu'mer-n-tive, a. reckoning up ; counting. 

E-niin'ci-ate. See under Enounce. 

En-veTop, v. (Fr. envelopper) to in- 

wrap ; to cover ; to hide ; to surround. 
En've-lope, ang've-lop, 11. a cover ; a wrapper. 
En-veTop-ment,n.perplexity ; entanglement. 

En-ven'om,v. (L. in, venenum) to taint 
with poison ; to poison ; to enrage. 

En-ver'meil, v. (Fr. en, vermeil) to 
dye red. 

En-vfron, v. (Fr. en, virer) to sur- 
round; to encompass ; to invest. 
En-vl'rons, «. pi. places adjacent. 

fin'voy, n. (Fr. envoy i) a public 
_ minister sent from one power to another 
En'vOy-ship, n. the office of an envoy. 

En'vy, v. (L. in, video) to hate another 
for excellence, happiness, or success; to 
grieve at another's good ; to grudge.— n. 
pain or vexation at another's good. 

fin'vi-a-ble, a. exciting envy ; desirable. 

tube, tub, full; cry, crypt, myrrh; toil, boy, 6ur. now. new; yede, gem, raise, exist, thin. 




]Pjn'vi-er, n. one who envies. 
En'vi-ous, a. full of envy ; malicious, 
fin'vi-ous-ly, ad. with envy, 
fin'vy-ing, n. ill will ; malice. 

En-wheelj'v. (en,S.hweol) to encompass. 

En-womb', en-wom', v. (en, S. wamb) 
to make pregnant ; to bury ; to hide. 

En-wrap', en-rap', v. (en, wrap) to 

involve. See Inwrap. 
En-wrap'ment, n. a covering ; a wrapper. 

E-ol'ic, a. pertaining to JEolia. 

E-oli-an, a. pertaining to Mollis, or 
the winds. 

E-ol'i-pile, n. (L. JEolus, pila) a hollow 
ball with a pipe. 

E'pact, n. (Gr. epi 9 ago) the excess of 
the solar month and year above the lunar. 

fip-se-net'ic, a. (Gr. epi,ainos) lauda- 
tory ; bestowing praise. 

fip'au-let, n. (Fr. epaule) a shoulder- 
knot ; an ornament lor the shoulder. 

E'pha, n. (IT.) a Hebrew measure. 

E-phem'e-ra, n. (Gr. epi, hemera) an 
insect that lives only a day. 

jE-phem'e-ral, E-phSm'e-ric,a. beginning and 
ending in a day ; short-lived. 

E-phem'e-ris, n. an account of the daily mo- 
tions and situations of the heavenly bodies : 
pi. gph-e-meVi-de^. 

E-phgni / e-rist, who consults the planets. 

fiph-i-al'tes, n. (Gr.) the nightmare. 

fiph'od, n. (II.) an ornament worn by 
the Jewish priests. 

£p'ic,«. (Gr. epos) narrative ; heroic. 
— n. an epic poem. 

fip'i-cede, n. (Gr. epi, kedos) a funeral 

song or discourse. 
^p-i-96'di-an, a. elegiac ; mournful. 

fip'i-cene, a. (Gr. epi, koinos) common 
to both sexes ; of both kinds. 

Ep'i-cure, n. (L. Epicurus) one given 

to the luxuries of the table. 
£p-i-cu-re'an, n. one of the sect of Epicurus. 
v — a. pertaining to Epicurus ; luxurious. 
£,p-i-cu-re'an-ism,w.the doctrine of Epicurus. 
s£p'i-cu-rism, n. luxury; sensual enjoyment ; 

the doctrine of Epicurus, 
tilp'i-cu-rlze, v. to indulge like an epicure ; 

to profess the doctrines of Epicurus. 

£p'i-cy-cle, n. (Gr. epi, kuklos) a little 
circle whose centre is in the circumference 
of a greater. 

fip-i-dem'ic, fip-i-dem'i-cal, a. (Gr. 
epi, demos) affecting great numbers ; gen- 
erally prevailing. 

£p-i-dem'ic, n. a disease generally prevailing. 

£p'i-gram, n. (Gr. epi, gramma) a 
short poem endingjvvith a witty thought. 

"fep-i-gram-mat'ic, Ep-i-gram-mat'i-cal, a. 
belonging to epigrams ; like an epigram ; 
concise; pointed. 

£p-i-gram'ma-tist, w. a writer of epigrams. 

£p'i-lep-sy, n. (Gr. epi, lepsis) the 

falling sickness. 
fip-i-lep'tic, fip-i-lgp'ti-cal, a. affected witb 
epilepsy ; pertaining to epilepsy. 

E-pil'o-|i§m, n. (Qr. epi, logos) com- 
putation ; enumeration. 

Ep'i-logue, n. (Gr. epi, logos) the poem 

or speech at the end of a play. 
Jilp-i-lo-gls'tic, a. of the nature of an epilogue. 
E-pll'o-glze, £p'i-lo-guIze, v. to pronounce 

an epilogue. 

E-piph'a-ny, n. (Gr. epi, phaino) a 
festival held on the 12th day after Christ- 
mas, in commemoration of our Saviour's 
being manifested by the star which con- 
ducted the Magi to Bethlehem. 

E-piph-o-ne'ma, w. (Gr. epi, phone) 

an exclamatory sentence. 

E-piph'y-sis, n. (Gr. epi, phuo) ac- 
cretion ; the part added by accretion. 

E-pis'co-pa-cj, n. (Gr. epi, skopeo) 

government by bishops. 
E-pls'co-pal, a/belonging to a bishop. 
E-pls'eo-pal-ly, ad. by episcopal authority. 
E-pls-co-pa'li-an, a. belonging to episcopacy. 

— n. an adherent of episcopacy. 
E-pls'co-pate, n. the office of a bishop. 
E-pls'co-py, n. survey ; superintendence. 

Ep'i-sode, n. (Gr. epi, eis, hodos) an 
incidental narrative ; a digression. 

Ep-i-sod'ic, £p-i-s6d'i-cal, a. contained in 
an episode ; pertaining to an episode. 

fip-i-sod'i-cal-ly, ad. by way of episode. 

E-pis'tle, e-pis'sl, n. (Gr. epi, stello) a 

letter ; a writing sent. 
E-pls'tler, n. a writer of letters. 
E-pls'to-la-r^r, a. relating to an epistle. 
£p-i-st61'i-cal,a. having the form of an epistle. 
E-pls'to-llze, v. to write letters. 

fip'i-style, n. (Gr. epi, stulos) an 

fip'i-taph, n, (Gr. epi, taphos) an in- 

scription on a tomb. 
Ep-i-taph'i-an, a. pertaining to an epitaph. 

E-pit'a-sis, n. (Gr.) the progress of 
the plot in a play or poem. 

Ep-i-tha-la'mi-um, n. (Gr. epi, thala- 
mos) a nuptial poem or song. 

Ep'i-them, n. (Gr. epi, tithemi) a fo- 
mentation or poultice. 

Ep'i-thet, n. (Gr. epi, thetos) an ad- 
jective denoting a quality. 

E-pit'o-me, n. (Gr. epi, temno) an 

abridgment ; a compendium. 
E-plt'o-mist, E-plt'o-mlz-er, n. an abridger. 
E-plt'o-mlze, v. to abridge ; to reduce. 

fip'och, E'poch, n. (Gr. epi, echo) a 
time or period from which dates are num- 
bered ; any fixed time or period. 

Ep'ode, n. (Gr. epi, ode) the stanza 
following the strophe and antistrophe. 

fip-o-pee', n. (Gr. epos, poieo) an epic 
or heroic poem. 

Pate, fat, far, fall ; me, met, there, her; pine, pin, field, fir; note, n6t, nor, move, son; 

EPU 147 


£p-u-la'tion, n. (L. epulum} a feast. 

fip-u-lot'ic, a. (Gr. epi, oulos) cica- 
trizing. — n. a cicatrizing medicament. 

E'qual, a. (L. aquus) having the same 
extent, bulk, qualities, degree, or value ; 
even ; uniform ; just ; adequate. — n. one 
of the same age, rank, or merit. — v. to 

_ make equal ; to be equal to. 

E'qua-ble, a. equal to itself ; even ; uniform. 

E-qua-bll'i-ty, ft. evenness ; uniformity. 

E'qua-bly, ad. uniformly; evenly. 

E-qual'i-ty, w. likeness ; uniformity. 

E'qual-Ize, v. to make equal ; to make even. 

E-qual-i-za'tion, n. state of equality. 

E'qual-ly, ad. in the same degree ; uniformly. 

E'qual-ness, n. the state of being equal. 

E-qua'tion, n. a making equal ; the reduc- 
tion of extremes to a mean proportion. 

E-qua'tor, ft. a great circle passing round 
the middle of the globe, at an equal dis- 
tance from the two poles. 

£-qua-to'ri-al, a. pertaining to the equator. 

E-qua-to'ri-al-ly, ad. in the direction of the 

Eq'ui-ty, ft. justice ; right ; impartiality. 

fiq'ui-ta-ble, a. just ; right ; impartial. 

fiq'ui-ta-ble-ness, n. justness; impartiality. 

fiq'ui-ta-bly, ad. justly; impartially. 

JE-qua-nlru'i-ty, ft. evenness of min'd. 

E-qui-an'gu-lar, a. consisting of equal angles. 

E-qui-cru'ral, a. having legs of equal length. 

E-qui-dls'tant, a. being at the same distance. 

E-qui-dls'tance, ft. equal distance. 

E-qui-dls'tant-ly, ad. at the same distance. 

E-qui-form'i-ty, n. uniform equality. 

£-qui-lat'er-al, a. having the sides equal. 

E-qui-ll'brate, v. to balance equally. 

E-qui-li-bra'tion, ft. even balance ; equipoise. 

E-qui-lTb'ri-ous, a. equally poised. 

E-qui-lIb'ri-ous-ly, ad. in equipoise. 

E-quIl'i-brist, n. one that balances equally. 

E-qui-lIb'ri-um, ft. equality of weight. 

E'qui-nOx, ft. the time when the days and 
nights are equal, about the 21st of March 
and 22d of September. 

E-qui-n6c'tial, a. pertaining to the equinox, 
—ft. the great circle in the heavens corres- 
ponding to the equator on the earth. 

E-qui-n6c'tial-ly, ad. in the direction of the 

£-qui-n u'mer-ant.a.having the same number. 

E-qui-pen'den-yy, ft. a hanging in equipoise. 

E'qui-pO^e, w. equality of weight or force. 

E-qui-pdl'lence, E-qui-pol'len-cy, ft. equality 
of force or power. 

£-qui-p6Tlent,a. having equal force or power. 

E-qui-poTlent-ly, ad. of the same force. 

E-qui-p5n'der-ance, w. equality of weight. 

E-qui-pon'der-ant, a. equal in weight. 

E-qui-pSn'der-ate, v. to be of equal weight. 

E-quI v'a-lence, ft. equality of power or worth. 

E-quIv'a-lent, a. equal in value, merit, or 
power. — ft. a thing of the same value. 

E-quIv'a-lent-ly, ad. in an equal manner. 

E-quIv'o-cal, a. doubtful ; ambiguous. 

E-quIv'o-cal-ly, ad. doubtfully; ambiguously. 

E-quIv'o-cal-ness, ft. double meaning. 

E-quIv'o-cate, v. to use words of double 
meaning ; to speak ambiguously. 

E-quIv-o-ca'tion, ft. ambiguity of speech. 

E-quIv'o-ca-tor, ft. one who equivocates. 

E'qui-voke, E'qui-voque, «. a quibble. 

E'quer-y, E-quer'ry, n. (Fr. ecuyer) 
an officer who has care of horses. 

E-ques'tri-an, a. (L. equus) pertaining 
to horses or horsemanship. 

E-quip', v. (Fr. equiper) to lit out. 

Eq'ui-page, ft. the furniture of a horseman ; 
furniture ; attendance ; retinue. 

E-quIp'ment, ft. the act of equipping; fur- 
niture ; accoutrement. 

E'ra, n. (L. cera) a point or period of 
time ; an epoch. 

E-ra'di-ate, v. (L. e 9 radius) to shoot 

like a ray ; to beam. 
E-ra-di-a'tion, w. emission of radiance. 

E-rad'i-cate, v. (L. e, radix) to pull up 

by the root ; to extirpate. 
E-rad-i-ca'tion, n. the act of eradicating. 
E-rad'i-ca-tive, a. that eradicates. 

Erase 7 , v. (L. e ? rasum) to rub or 

scrape out ; to obliterate ; to efface. 
E-ra'sure, ft. the act of erasing. 
E-ra'fion, ft. the act of erasing ; obliteration. 

Ere, ad. (S. cer) before ; sooner than. 

— prep, before. 
Ere-ldng 7 , ad. before long. 
Ere-nOw', ad. before this time. 
Ere-whlle', ad. some time ago. 

E-rect', v. (L. e, rectum) to place up- 
right ; to raise ; to build ; to exalt.— a, 
upright ; directed upwards ; bold ; intent. 

E-r6ct'ed, p. a. aspiring ; generous ; noble. 

E-reVtion, n. the act of raising ; a building. 

E-rSct'ness, n. uprightness of posture. 

E-reVtor, ft. one that erects. 

fir'e-mite, n. (Gr. eremos) a hermit. 
Er'e-mit-age, n. the residence of a hermit. 
Er-e-mlt'i-cal, a. solitary; secluded. 

Er'go, ad. (L.) therefore. 
Er'go-ti|m, n. a logical inference. 

E-ris tic, E-ris'ti-cal, a. (Gr. eris) 

j£r'mine, n. (Fr. hermine) a species of 

animal ; the fur of the ermine. 
Er'mined, a. clothed with ermine. 

E-rode', v. (L. e, rodo) to eat away. 
E-ro'^ion, n. the act of eating away ; canker 

fir'o-gate, v. (L. e, rogo) to bestow. 
£r-o-ga'tion, ft. the act of bestowing. 

E-rot'ic, E-rot'i-cal, a. (Gr. eros) re- 
lating to love. 

firr, v. (L. erro) to wander ; to miss 
the way ; to stray ; to mistake. 

fir'ra-bte-ness, n. fiableness to err. 

Ei-'rant, a. wandering ; roving ; vile ; bad. 

Er'ran-try, ft. an errant state. 

Er-rat'ic, Er-rat'i-cal, a. wandering; irre- 
gular ; uncertain. 

Er-rat'i-cal-ly, ad. without rule or order. 

Er-ra'tum, ft. an error in writing or printing : 
pi. er-ra'ta. 

fir'ror, ft. a mistake ; a blunder ; a sin. 

Er-ro'ne-ous, a. mistaken ; wrong ; false. 

Er-ro'ne-ous-ly, ad. by mistake ; not rightly. 

tube, tQb, full; cry, crypt, myrrh; tail, b6y, Our, now, new; cede, fern, rai§e, exist, thin. 




Er-ro'ne-ous-ness, w. state of being erroneous. 

Er'rand, n. (S. cerend) a message. 

fir'rhine, n. (Gr. en, rhiri) a medicine 
for the nose ; medicinal snuff. 

Erse, n. the language of the Scotch 

Erst, ad. (S.arest) first ; at first ; once ; 
v formerly ; till now. 
Erst'whlle, ad. till then or now ; formerly. 

E-ruc'tate, v, (L. e, ructo) to belch. 
E-ruc-ta'tion, n. the act of belching. 

Er'u-dlte, a. (L. e, rudis) learned. 
Er-u-dTtion, n. learning ; knowledge. 

E-rQ'gi-nous, a. (L. cerugo) of the 
substance or nature of copper. 

E-rup'tion, n. (L. e, ruptum) the act 
of breaking forth ; a violent emission ; a 
sudden excursion ; a breaking out of hu- 
mours ; efflorescence or redness of the skin. 

E-rup'tive,a.bursting forth ; having eruption. 

Er-y-sip'e-las, n. (Gr.) a disease called 

St Anthony's fire. 
Er-y-si-peTa-tous, a. having erysipelas. 

Es-ca-lade', n. (L. scala) the act of 
scaling the walls of a fortification. 

Es-cal'op, scallop. See Scallop. 

Es-ca-pade', n. (Fr.) irregular motion 
of a horse. 

E-scape',u. (Fr. echapper) to flee from ; 
to avoid ; to get out of danger ; to pass 
unobserved ; to evade. — n. flight ; a getting 
out of danger ; evasion ; sally ; mistake. 

E-scap'ing, n. avoidance of danger. 

Es-carp', v. (Fr. escarper) to slope. 

Escha-lot', sha-lot', n. (Fr.) a species 
of small onion or garlic. 

Ls'char, n. (Gr. eschar a) a crust or 
scab caused by a caustic application. 

Es-cha-rOt'ic, a. caustic. — n. a caustic appli- 

Es-cheat', n. (Fr. echoir) property that 
falls to the lord of the manor by forfeiture, 
or for want of heirs.— v. to fall to the lord 
of the manor ; to forfeit. 

Es-cheat'or, n. an officer who observes 

Es-chew', v. (Ger. scheuen) to shun. 

fts'cort, n. (Fr. escorte) a guard. 
Es-c6rt r , v. to attend as a guard. 

Escot. See Scot. 

Es-cri-toire', es-cri-twar', n. (Fr. ecri- 
toire) a box with implements for writing. 

Es'cu-age, n. (L. scutum) a kind of 
tenure fiy knight's service. 

Es-cu-la'pi-an, a. (L. Aesculapius) 
pertaining to the healing art. 

£s'cu-lent, a. (L. esca) good for food ; 
eatable. — n. something fit for food. 

E-scuYcheon, n. (L. scutum) the shield 
of a family ; ensigns armorial. % . 

E-scut'cheoned, a. having an escutcheon. 

E-so'pi-an, a. pertaining to JEsop ; in 

the manner of JEsop. 
fis-o-teVic, a. (Gr. eso) secret. 
fis-o-teVi-cal-ly, ad. secretly. 
Es'o-ter-y, n. secrecy ; mystery. 

Es-paTier, n. (L. palus) a tree trained 

on a frame or stake. 
E-spec/ial, a. (L. species) principal ; 

chief; particular. 
E-spSc'ial-ly, ad. principally ; chiefly. 

E-spf al. See under Espy. 

fis-pla-nade', n. (Fr.) an open space 
before a fortification. 

E-spou§e r , v. (L. e, sponsum) to be- 
troth ; to marry ; to maintain. 

E-spdu§/al, n. the act of espousing; adoption ; 
protection : pi. a contracting of marriage. 

E-spous/al, a. relating to the act of espousing. 

E-spdu^er, n. one who espouses. 

E-spy 7 , v. (Fr. epier) to see at a dis- 
tance ; to discover ; to watch. 
E-spr'al, n. a spy; observation; discovery. 
E-spI'er, n. one who watches as a spy. 
Es r pi-o-nage, n. the practice of a spy. 

Es-quire', n. (L. scutum) the attendant 

on a knight ; a title of courtesy. 
Es-say', v. (Fr. essayer) to attempt. 
Es'say, n. an attempt ; a short treatise. 
EVsay-er, n. one who writes essays. 
EVsay-ist, n. a writer of essays. 

fis'sence, nX L. esse) the nature, sub- 
stance, or being of any thing ; existence ; 
perfume ; scent. — v. to perfume ; to scent. 

Es-s6n'tial,a. necessary to existence ; very im- 
portant ; pure ; highly rectified. — n. being ; 
a first principle ; the chief point. 

Es-sen-ft-al'i-ty, n. the being essential. 

Es-s£n'tial-ly, ad. in an essential manner. 

Es-sen'£i-ate, v. to become of the same essence. 

Es-som', n. (L. ex, onus) excuse ; ex- 
emption. — v. to excuse ; to release. 

E-stab'lish,v. (L.sto) to settle firmly; 
to fix ; to ratify ; to confirm. 

E-stab'lish-er, n. one who establishes. 

E-stab'lish-ment, n. that which is established; 
fixed state ; confirmation ; settled regula- 
tion ; foundation ; income. 

fis-ta-fette',71. (Fr.) a military courier. 

E-state',7i. (L. statum) condition ; pro- 
perty ; rank ; the government. 

E-steem', v. (L. cestimo) to value ; to 
prize ; to regard ; to respect ; to think.— 
n. value ; regard ; respect. 

E-steem'a-ble, a. that may be esteemed. 

E-steem'er, n. one who esteems. 

fis'ti-ma-ble, a. worthy of esteem ; valuable. 

Es'tUmate, v. to rate ; to set a value on ; to 
calculate. — n. computation ; value ; com- 
parative judgment. 

fis-ti-ma/tion, recalculation ; opinion ; regard. 

EYti-nia-tive, a. having the power .of esti- 
mating; imaginative. 

fis'ti-val, a. (L. cestas) pertaining to 
the summer. 

Fate, fat, far, fall; me, met, there, her; pine, pin, field, fir; note, nSt, nor, m6ve. son ; 




£s-ti-va'tion, n. act of passing the summer. 

E-stop', v. (Fr. etouper) to impede. 

Es-to'vers, n. pi. (Fr. etoffer) neces- 
saries allowed by law. 

E-strange', v. (L. extra) to keep at a 

distance ; to alienate ; to withdraw. 
E-strange'ment, n. alienation ; distance. 

E-stray', v. (S. stragan) to wander. — 
n. a beast lost or wandering. 

E-streat', v. (L. ex, tr actum) to copy ; 
to extract ; to take from. — n. a true copy. 

fis'tu-ate, v. (L. cestus) to boil ; to be 

agitated ; to rise and fall. 
fis-tu-a'tion, n. agitation ; commotion. 
Es'tu-a-ry, n. the mouth of a river widened 

into an arm of the sea. 

E-sU'ri-ent, a. (L. esurio) hungry ; vo- 

Et-czet'e-ra, ad. (L.) and so on; and 
so forth : contracted etc. and SfC. 

Etch, v. (Ger. etzeri) to engrave on 
w metal by means of aquafortis ; to sketch. 
fetching, n. a method of engraving. 

E-ter'nal, a. (L. ceternus) without be- 
ginning or end ; endless ; perpetual ; ever- 
lasting. — n. an appellation of God. 

E-teVnal-ist, n. one who holds the past exist- 
ence of the world to be infinite. 

E-teVnal-ly, ad. without beginning or end ; 
endlessly; perpetually; unchangeably. 

E-ter'ni-ty, n. duration without beginning 
or end ; duration without end. 

E-teVnlze, v. to make eternal or endless. 

E-te'si-an, a. (Gr. etos) periodical. 

E'ther, n. (Gr. aither) a matter sup- 
posed to be finer and rarer than air; air 
refined or sublimed ; a volatile fluid. 

E-the're-al, a. formed of ether ; celestial. 

E-the're-ous, a. formed of ether ; heavenly. 

E-the're-al-Ize, v. to convert into ether. 

Eth'ic, Eth'i-cal, a. (Gr. ethos) relat- 
ing to morals ; treating of morality. 

Eth'i-cal-ly, ad. according to ethics. 

fith'ics, n. pi. the doctrines of morality ; the 
science of moral philosophy. 

E'thi-op, n. a native of Ethiopia; a 

fith'nic, £th'ni-cal, a. (Gr. ethnos) 

heathen ; pagan, 
fith'nic, n. a heathen ; a pagan. 
Eth'ni-ci§m, n. heathenism ; paganism. 

E-ti-ol'o-gy, n. (Gr. aitia, logos) an 
account of the causes of any thing 

Et-i-quette', et-i-ket', n. (Fr.) forms 

of ceremony or decorum. 

Et-ui', n. (Fr.) a case for tweezers. 

Et-y-mdTo-gy, n. (Gr. etumos, logos) 
the derivation of words. 

Et-y-mo-lOg'i-cal, a. relating to etymology. 

£t-y-mo-log'i-cal-ly, ad. according to ety- 

Et-y-mol'o-gist, n. one versed in etymology. 

fit-y-moTo-glze, v. to derive words from 

their roots. 
Et'y-mon, n. an original or primitive word. 

Eu'cha-rist, n. (Gr. eu, charts) the act 

of giving thanks ; the sacrament of the 
Lord's Supper. 
Eu-cha-rls'tic, Eu-cha-rls'ti-cal, a. relating 
to the sacrament of the Lord's Supper. 

Eu-chol'o-gy, n. (Gr. euche, logos) a 
formulary of prayers. 

Eu'cra-sy, n. (Gr. eu, krasis) a good 
habit of body. 

Euc'ti-cal, a. (Gr. euche) suppliant. 

Eu-di-om'e-ter, n. (Gr. eudios, meirori) 
an instrument for ascertaining the purity 
of the air. 

Eu-lo'gi-unijEulo-gyjTi. (, logos) 

praise ; panegyric. 
Eu'lo-gist, n. one who praises or commends. 
Eu'lo-glze, v. to praise ; to commend. 

Eu/nuch, n. (Gr. eune, echo) a man 

who has been castrated. 
Eu'nu-chate, v. to make a eunuch. 
Eu'nu-chism, n. the state of a eunuch. 

Eu'pa-thy, n. (Gr. eu, pathos) right 

Eu'phe-mism, n. (Gr. eu 9 phemi) a deli 
cate way of expressing what might offend. 

Eii'pho-ny, n. (Gr, eu, phone) an 
agreeable sound ; smooth enunciation. 

Eu-phon'ic, Eu-phon'i-cal, a. agreeable in 

Eu'phra-sy, n. (Gr. euphrasia) the 
herb eye-bright. 

Eu-rl'pus, n. (L.) a strait where the 
water is much agitated. 

Eii-ro-pC-'an, a. belonging to Europe. 
— n. a native of Europe. 

Eu'ryth-my, n. (Gr. eu, rhuthmos) 
harmony ; proportion ; symmetry. 

Eu'tax-y, n. (Gr.^w, taxis) established 

Eu-than-R'si-a, Eu-than'a-sy, n. (Gr. 
eu, thanatos) an easy death. 

E-vac'u-ate, v. (L. e, vaco) to make 
empty ; to discharge ; to quit. 

E-vac-u-a'tion, n. the act of emptying ; dis- 
charge ; abolition ; a withdrawing from. 

E-vac'u-a-tor, n. one who makes void. 

E-vade', v. (L. e, vado) to elude ; to 

avoid ; to escape ; to slip away. 
E-va'§ion, n. subterfuge ; artifice. 
E-va'sive, a. using evasion ; elusive. 
E-va'sive-ly, ad. by evasion ; elusively. 

fiv-a-ga'tion, n. (L. e, vagor) the act 
of wandering ; excursion ; deviation. 

fiv-a-nes'cent, a. (L. e, vanus) vanish- 
ing ; fleeting ; passing away. 
fiv-a-n6s / 9ence, n. disappearance. 
E-van'id, a. faint ; weak ; evanescent. 
E- vanish, v. to disappear; to vanish. 

tube, tub, full ; cry, cr^pt, myrrh ; toll, boV. our, now, new; fede, gem, rai$e, exist, thin. 




E-van'^el, n. (Gr. eu, angello) good 

tidings ; the gospel. 
Ev-an-geTic, Ev-an-geTi-cal, a. according to 

the gospel ; contained in the gospel. 
E v-an-geTi-cal-ly , ad. according to the gospel. 
E-van^el-i^m, n, promulgation of the gospel. 
E-van'gel-ist, n. a writer of the history of 

our Saviour ; a preacher of the gospel. 
E-van-gel-Ist'a-ry, n. a selection from the 

gospels, to be read in divine service. 
E-van'gel-lze, v. to instruct in the gospel. 

E-vap'o-rate, v. (L. e, vapor) to fly 
away in vapour ; to waste insensibly. 

E-vap'o-ra-ble, a. easily dissipated in vapour. 

E-vap-o-ra'tion, n. the act of flying away 
in vapour; conversion into vapour. 

Eve, E'ven, e'vn, n. (S. ceferi) the close 
_ of the day ; the evening before a holiday. 

E'ven-ing, n. the close of the day; the latter 
_ end of life. — a. toward the close of day. 

E'ven-song,w.form of worship for the evening. 

E'ven-tlde, n. the time of the evening. 

E'ven, e'vn, a. (S. efen) level ; uniform ; 
smooth ; equal ; parallel ; calm ; capable 
of being divided into equal parts. — v. to 
make even ; to level. — ad. exactly ; verily ; 

_ likewise ; so much as. 

E'ven-ly, ad. equally ; uniformly. 

E'ven-ness, n. the state of being even. 

E'ven-hand-ed, a. impartial ; equitable. 

E-vent', n. (L. e, ventum) that which 

happens ; an incident ; consequence. 
E-vent'ful, a. full of events; momentous. 
E-vgnt'u-al, a. happening as a result. 
,^-vSnt'u-al-ly, ad. in the event. 

E-ven'ter-ate, v. (L. e, venter) to rip 
open ; to disembowel. 

E-ven'ti-late, v. (L. e, ventus) to win- 
now ; to sift out ; to discuss. 
E-ven-ti-la'tion, n. the act of ventilating. 

Ev'er, ad.(S.cefer) at any time ; always. 

Ev'er-burn-ing, a. unextinguished. 

fiv'er-du-ring, a. eternal. 

Ev'er-grgen, a. green throughout the year. 
— n. a plant always green. 

Ev-er-last'ing, a. lasting without end ; per- 
petual ; immortal ; eternal. — n. eternity. 

Ev-er-lasfing-ly, ad. without end ; eternally. 

fiv-er-last'ing-ness, n. eternity; perpetuity. 

Ev'er-llv-ingja.eternal; immortal ; incessant. 

Ev-er-more', ad. always ; eternally. 

E-vert', v. (L. e, verto) to overthrow. 
E-ver'sion, n. overthrow; destruction. 

Ev'er-y, a. (S. cefer, celc) each one. 
Ev'er-y-day, a. common ; usual. 
Ev'er-y-wtiere, ad. in every place. 

E-vict', v. (L. e, victum) to take away 

by a sentence of law ; to dispossess. 
E-vIc'tion, n. dispossession ; proof. 

Ev'i-de^e, n. testimony; proof; a witness. 

— v. to prove ; to shew; to evince. 
Ev-i-den'tial, a. affording evidence or proof. 
Ev'i-dent-ly, ad. plainly; obviously. 

E'Vil, e'vl, a. (S. yfel) not good ; bad ; 

wicked ; corrupt. — n. wickedness ; injury \ 
_ calamity. — ad. not well ; injuriously. 
E'vil-ly, ad. not well. 
E'vil-ness, n. badness ; viciousness. 
E'vil-dd-er, n. one who does evil. 
E'vil-eyed, a. having a malignant look. 
E-vil-fa'voured, a. ill-countenanced. 
E-vil-fa'voured-ness, n. deformity. 
E'vil-mlnd-ed, a. malicious ; wicked. 
E-vil-speak'ing, n. slander ; calumny. 
E'vil-work-er, n. one who does wickedness. 

E-vmce', v. (L. e, vinco) to prove ; to 

show ; to manifest ; to make evident. 
E-vln'ci-ble, a. capable of proof. 

E-vis'cer-ate, v. (L. e, viscera) to take 

out the entrails ; to disembowel. 
E-vite', v. (L. e, vito) to avoid. 
fiv'i-ta-ble, a. that may be avoided, 
fiv'i-tate, v. to avoid ; to shun ; to escape. 
Ev-i-ta'tion, n. the act of avoiding. 

E-voke', v. (L. e, voco) to call forth. 
Ev'o-cate, v. to call forth. 
Ev-o-ca'tion, n. a calling forth. 

Ev-o-la'tion, n.(L.e,volo) a flying away. 

E-volve', v. (L. e, volvo) to unfold ; to 

open ; to disclose ; to expand. 
Ev-o-lu'tion, n. the act of unfolding. 

Ev-o-mi'tion, n. (L .e,vomo) a vomiting. 

E-vul'sion, n. (L. e, vulsnm) the act 

of plucking or tearing out. 
Evve, n. (St eowu) a female sheep. 
Ew'er, n. (S. hwer) a kind of pitcher. 

Ex-ac'er-bate, v. (L. ex, acerbus) to 
imbitter ; to increase malignant qualities. 
Ex-ac-er-ba'tion, n. increase of malignity. 

Ex-act', a. (L. ex, actum) nice ; accu- 
rate ; strict ; methodical ; punctual. — v. to 
require ; to demand ; to extort. 

Ex-act'er, Ex-act'or, n. one who exacts. 

Ex-ac'tion, n. extortion ; unjust demand. 

Ex-act'i-tude, n. nicety ; exactness. 

Ex-act'ly, ad. accurately ; nicely; precisely. 

Ex-act'ness, n. accuracy; nicety; regularity. 

Ex-act'ress, n. a female who exacts. 

Ex-ac'u-ate, v. (L. ex, acuo) to sharpen. 
Ex-ag'ger-ate, v. (L. ex, agger) to 

heap up ; to heighten by representation. 
Ex-a£-ger-a'tion,n.amplification ; hyperbole. 
Ex-ag'ger-a-to-ry,a.containing exaggeration. 

Ex-ag'i-tate, v. (L. ex, ago) to stir up. 

Ex-alt', v. (L. ex, alius) to raise ; to 

elevate ; to extol ; to magnify. 
Ex-al-ta'tion,n.the act of exalting; elevation. 
Ex-alt'ed-ness,w. state of dignity or greatness. 
Ex-alt'er, n. one who exalts. 

Ex-a'men,n. (L.) inquiry; disquisition. 
Ex-anr'ine, v. to search into ; to question ; 

to try ; to scrutinize. 
Ex-am'i-na-ble, a. that may be examined. 
E^-Sm'i-nant, n. one to be examined. 
E^-am'i-nate, n. the person examined. 
Ex-am-i-na'tion, n. the act of examining. 
Ex-am'i-na-tor, n. one who examines. 
E.x-am/i-ner, n. one who examines. 

Fate, fat, far, fall; me, met, there, her; pine, pin, field, fir; note, not, nor, m6ve, son; 




Ex-am'ple, n. (L. exemplum) a copy ; 
a pattern ; a model ; an instance ; a speci- 
men ; a precedent ; an illustration^ 

Ex-am'pler, n. a pattern ; a sampler.* 

Ex-an'gui-ous. See Exsanguious. 

Ex-an'i-mate, a. (L. ex, anima) life- 
less ; dead ; spiritless ; depressed. 

Ex-antlate, v. (Gr. ex, antlos) to draw 

out ; to exhaust ; to waste away, 
fix-ant-la'tion, n. a drawing out ; exhaustion. 

Ex'arch, n. (Gr. ex, archos) a viceroy. 
Jix'ar-chate, n. the office of an exarch. 

Ex-as'per-ate, v. (L. ex, asper) to pro- 
voke ; to enrage. — a. provoked. 
Ex-as-per-a'tion, n. provocation ; irritation. 

Ex-auc'to-rate,v. (L.ex,auctum) to dis- 
miss from service ; to deprive of a benefice. 
Ex-auc-to-ra'tion,«.dismission ; deprivation. 
Ex-au'tho-rate, v. to dismiss from service. 
Ex-au-tho-ra'tion, n. deprivation of office. 
Ex-au'tho-rlze, v. to deprive of authority. 

Ex-can-ta'tion, n. (L. ex, cantum) dis- 
enchantment by a countercharm. 

Ex-car'nate, v. (L. ex, caro) to clear 
from flesh. 

£x'ca-vate, Ex-ca'vate,u. ( L.ex,cav us) 

to hollow ; to cut into hollows. 
£x-ca-va'tion, n. act of hollowing ; a cavity. 

Ex-ceed', v. (L. ex, cedo) to go beyond; 
to go too far ; to surpass ; to excel. 

Ex-cfitld'er, n. one who exceeds. 

Ex-^eed'ing, p. a. great in extent, quantity, 
or duration.— ad. in a very great dtgree.— 
n. the act of going beyond bounds. 

Ex-ceed'ing-ly, ad. greatly ; very much. 

Ex-cel', v. (L. excello) to outdo in 
good qualities ; to surpass ; to be eminent. 

Ex'cel-lence, £x'cel-len-cy, n. the state of 
excelling ; good quality ; dignity ; high rank 
in existence ; a title of honour. 

Ex'cel-lent, a. eminent in any good quality. 

Ex'cel-lent-ly, ad. well in a high degree. 

Ex-cept', v. (L. ex, captum) to leave 
out ; to object.— pre/>. exclusively of ; unless. 

Ex-c6pt'ing, prep, with exception of. 

Ex-cep'tion, n. the act of excepting ; exclu- 
sion ; the thing excluded ; objection ; cavil. 

Ex-cSp'tion-a-ble, a. liable to objection. 

Ex-fep'tion-er, n. one who makes objections. 

Ex-£ep'tious, a. peevish ; full of objections. 

Ex-^Sp'tious-ness, n. peevishness. 

Ex-cSp'tive, a. including an exception. 

Ex-cep'tor, n. one who makes exceptions. 

Ex-cern', v. (L.ex,cerno) to strain out. 

Ex-cerp', v. (L. ex, carpo) to pick out. 
Ex-cerpt', v. to select. — n. a passage selected. 
Ex-9erp'tion,n.a selecting; the thing selected. 
Ex-gerp'tor, n. a picker ; a culler. 

Ex-cess', n. (L. ex, cessum) more than 

enough ; superfluity ; intemperance. 
Ex-ces'sive, a. beyond due bounds. 
Ex-^eYsive-ly, ad. in an extreme degree. 

Ex-change', v. (L. ex, Fr. changer) to 
give one* thing for another.— n. the act of 

exchanging; barter; balance of money | 
a place where merchants meet. 
Ex^han'ger, n. one who exchanges. 

Ex-cheq'uer, ex-check'er, n, (Fr. echec) 
the court into which the public revenue is 
paid. — v. to sue in the court of exchequer. 

Ex-cise', n. (L. ex, cessum) a tax on 
commodities. — v. to levy excise. 

Ex-cl'sa-ble, a. liable to excise. 

Ex-flse'man, n. an officer who inspects com- 
modities, and rates the excise upon them. 

Ex-cls/ion, n. a cutting off; extirpation. 

Ex-cTte', v. (L. ex, cito) to stir up ; 

to rouse ; to animate ; to stimulate. 
Ex-cit'a-ble, a. easily excited. 
Ex-clt-a-Ml'i-ty, n. the being easily excited, 
fix'fi-tant, a. stirring up ; animating, 
fix'ci-tate, t\ to stir up ; to rouse, 
fix-ci-ta'tion, n. the act of exciting. 
Ex-9it'a-tive, a. having power to excite. 
Ex-clte'ment, n. the act of exciting ; the state 

of being excited ; that which excites. 
Ex-clt'er, n. one who excites. 
Ex-clt'ing, n. the act of stirring up. 

Ex-claim', v. (L. ex, clamo) to cry out. 

Ex-claim'er, n. one who exclaims. 

£x-cla-ina'tion, n. outcry; clamour; a sen- 
tence passionately uttered; a mark (I) 
indicating emotion. 

Ex-clani'a-to-ry, a. containing exclamation. 

Ex-clude',u.(L.ea',c/u?*(/o)to shut out. 
Ex-clu'§ion, n. the act of shutting out. 
Ex-clu'sion-ist, n. one who excludes. 
Ex-clu'sive, a. shutting out ; debarring. 
Ex-clu'sive-ly, ad. without admitting or 
comprehending others. 

Ex-coct', v. (L.ex, coctnm) to boil up. 
Ex-cOc'tion, n. the act of boiling. 

Ex-cog'i-tate,t\ (,cogito)to strike 

out by thinking ; to contrive ; to invent. 
Ex-cdg-i-ta'tion, n. contrivance ; invention. 

Ex-com-mu'ni-cate, v. (L. ex, con, 
m units) to eject from communion with the 
church. — a. excluded from the church. — n, 
one excluded or cut off. 

£x-com-mune / , v. to exclude ; to expel. 

fix-com-mu'ni-ca-ble, a. liable or deserving 
to be excommunicated. 

fix-com-mu-ni-ca'tion, n. exclusion from 
the fellowship of the church. 

Ex-co'ri-ate, v. (L. ex, coriutn) to strip 

off the skin ; to nay. 
Ex-co-ri-a'tion, n. act of flaying; abrasion. 

fix'cre-ment, n. (L. ex, cerno) that 

which is discharged from the animal body. 
£x-cre-ment'al,a.that is voided as excrement, 
fix-cre-men-tl'tious, ^.containing excrement. 
Ex-crete', v. to send out by excretion. 
Ex-cre'tion, n. separation of animal matters, 
fix'cre-tive, a. that separates and ejects, 
fix'cre-to-ry, a. having power to excrete. — 

n. a ductor vessel that excretes. 
Ex-cres^ent, a. (L.ex,cresco) growing 

out of something else. 
Ex-creVcence, Ex-creVcen-cy, n. that which 

grows out ; a tumor ; a protuberance. 

Ex-cru'ci-ate,u. {\j.ex,crux)to torture. 

tube, tub, full ; cry, crypt, m^rrh ; toll, b6jr, Our, uOw, new; cede, gem, rai§e, exist, thin. 




.Ex-cru-ci-a'tion, n. torture; torment. 

Ex-cuTpate, v. (L. ex, culpa) to clear 

from the imputation of a fault. 
Ex-cul-pa'tion, n. act of elearing from blame. 
Ex-cul'pa-to-ry, a. clearing from blame. 

Ex-ciir'sion, n. (L. ex, cur sum) a 
ramble ; an expedition ; a digression. 

Ex-cur'sive, a. rambling ; wandering. 

Ex-cur'sive-ly, ad. in a wandering manner. 

Ex-cur'sive-ness, n. the being excursive. 

Ex-ciise', v. (L. ex, causa) to pardon ; 
to free ; to disengage ; to remit. 

Ex-cuse 7 , n. a plea; an apology; the act of 
excusing ; the cause of being excused. 

Ex-cus/er, n. one who pleads for another. 

Ex-cuse'less, a. having no excuse. 

Ex-cus'a-ble,a.admitting excuse ; pardonable. 

Ex-cu|'a-ble-ness, n. the being excusable. 

Ex-cu-§a'tion, n. plea; apology; excuse. 

Ex-cu'sa-to-ry, a. pleading excuse. 

Ex-cuss', v. (L. ex, quassum) to shake 

off ; to seize and detain by law. 
Ex-ciis'sion, n. a shaking off; seizure. 

Ex'e-crate, v. (L. ex, sacer) to curse; 
w to imprecate ill upon ; to abominate. 
Iilx'e-cra-bleja. accursed; hateful ; detestable. 
Ex'e-cra-bly, ad. cursedly ; abominably, 
fix-e-cra'tion, n. curse ; imprecation of evil. 
iEx'e-cra-to-ry, n. a formulary of execrations. 

Ex-ect'. See Exsect. 

Ex'e-cute,u. (L. ex, secutum) to carry 
into effect ; to perform ; to put to death. 

Ex'e-cu-ter, n. one who executes. 

Ex-e-cu'tion, n. performance ; practice ; 

w effect ; seizure ; capital punishment. 

Ex-e-cu'tion-er, n. one Avho inflicts capital 
punishment ; one who kills. 

Ex-Cc'u-tive, a. having power to execute. — 
h. the power in the state that administers 
the government ; executive authority. 

Ex-6c'u-tor, n. one who executes a will. 

Ex-ec'u-tor-ship, n. the office of an executor. 

Ex-6c'u-to-ry, a. relating to execution. 

Ex-ec'u-trix, n. a female executor. 

Ex-e-ge'sis, n. (Gr.) exposition ; ex- 

planation ; interpretation. 
Ex-e-get'i-cal, a. expository; explanatory. 
Ex-e-get'i-cal-ly, ad. by way of explanation. 

Ex-em'plar,™. (h.exemplum) a pattern, 
fix'em-pla-ry, a. worthy of imitation, 
fix'em-pla-ri-ly, ad. in an exemplary manner. 
£x'em-pla-ri-ness,ft.state of being exemplary. 
Ex-em-plar'i-ty, n. a pattern to be imitated. 
Ex-€m'pli-fy, v. to illustrate by example. 
Ex-em-pli-fi-ca'tion, n. illustration ; copy. 
E si-em'pli-fl-er, n. one who exemplifies. 

Ex-empt', v. (L. ex, emptum) to free 

from. — a. free by privilege ; not liable. 
Ex-emp'tion, n. freedom from; immunitv. 

Ex-en'ter-ate, v. (Gr. ex, enteron) to 

take out the entrails ; to disembowel. 
Ex-en-ter-a'tion, n. a disembowelling. 

Ex'e-quies, n. pi. (L. ex, sequor) 

funeral rites ; the ceremonies of burial. 
Bx-e'qui-al, a. relating to funerals. 

Bx'er-cise, v. (L. ex, arceo) to employ; 

to train ; to practise ; to exert ; to keep 
busy.— n. labour ; practice ; use ; employ- 

w ment ; task ; an example for practice. 

Ex'er-cls-er, n. one who exercises. 

Ex-er-ci-ta'tion, n. practice ; use. 

Ex-ert', v. (L. ex, sertum) to use with 

effort ; to put forth ; to perform. 
Ex-er'tion, n. the act of exerting ; effort. 

Ex-e'sion, n. (L. ex, esum) the act of 

eating out or through. 

Ex-es-tu-a'tion, n. (L. ex, cestus) the 

state of boiling ; ebullition. 

~Ex-f oil-ate, v.(li. ex, folium)to scale off. 
Ex-fo-li-a'tion, n. the act of scaling off. 
Ex-fo'li-a-tive, a. causing exfoliation. 

Ex-hale', v. (L. ex, halo) to send or 

draw out in vapour ; to evaporate. 
Ex-ha'la-ble, a. that may be exhaled. 
Ex-ha-la'tion, n. the act of exhaling ; vapour. 
Ex-hale'nient, n. matter exhaled ; vapour. 

Ex-haust', v . (L. ex, haustum) to drain : 

to draw out totally ; to consume. 
Ex-haust'er, n. one who exhausts. 
Ex-haust'i-ble, a. that may be exhausted. 
Ex-haust'ion, n. the act of exhausting. 
Ex-haust'less, a. that cannot be exhausted. 
Ex-haust'ment, n. drain ; diminution. 

Ex-her'e-date, v. (L. ex, hceres) to dis- 
Ex-her-e-da'tion, n. a disinheriting. 

Ex-hib'it, v. (L. ex, habeo) to offer U 
view ; to show ; to display. 

Ex-htb'it-er, n. one who exhibits. 

Ex-hi-bl'tion, n. the act of exhibiting ; dis- 
play; public show; benefaction to main- 

w tain a scholar at a university. 

fix-hi-bl'tion-er, n. one maintained at a 
university by exhibition. 

Ex-hlb'i-tive,a.serving to exhibit ; displaying. 

Ex-hlb'i-tive-ly, ad. by representation. 

Ex-hlb'i-to-ry, a. setting forth ; showing. 

Ex-hil'a-rate, v. (L. ex, hilaris) to 

make cheerful ; to enliven ; to gladden. 
Ex-hll-a-ra'tion, n. the act of exhilarating. 

Ex-hort', v. (L. ex, kortor) to advise 

or incite to good ; to admonish. 
Ex-hor-ta'tion,w.theact of exhorting; advice. 
Ex-hort'a-tive, a. containing exhortation. 
Ex-hort'a-to-ry, a. tending to exhort. 
Ex-hort'er, n. one who exhorts. 

Ex-hu-ma'tion, n. (L. ex, humus) the 

act of unburying ; disinterment. 
Ex-ic'cate. See Exsiccate. 
Ex'i-gent, o. (L. ex, ago) pressing.— 

n. pressing business ; a kind of writ. 
Ex'i-gence, Ex'i-gen-cy, n. demand ; want ; 

need ; pressing necessity; sudden occasion. 

Ex-ig'u-ous, a. (L. exiguus) small. 

Ex-i-gu'i-ty, n. smallness. 

Ex'ile, n. (L. exilium) banishment ; 

the person banished. — v. to banish. 
Ex-ile'ment, n. banishment. 

Ex-ile', a. (L. exilis) small ; slender. 
Ex-iri-ty, n. smallness ; slenderness. 

Fate, fat, far, fall; me, m£t, there, her; pine, pin, field, fir; note, n6t. n8r, m6ve, son; 




fix-i-li'tion, n. (L. ex, salio) the act 
of leaping or springing out. 

Ex-im'i-ous, a. (L. eximius) excellent. 

Ex-in-a-ni'tion, n. (L. ex, inanis) an 
emptying ; privation ; loss. 

Ex-Tst', v. (L. ex, sisto) to be ; to have 

being ; to live ; to remain ; to endure. 
Ex-Is'tence, n. state of being ; a being. 
Ex-Is'tent, a. having existence or being. 
fix-is-tSn'tial, a. having existence. 

Ex-is-ti-ma'tion, n. (L. ex, cestimo) 
opinion ; esteem. 

fix'it, n. (L.) a going out; departure; 
decease ; a way or passage. 

Ex-i'tial, Ex-i'tious, a. (L. ex, Hum) 
destructive to life ; fatal. 

Ex'ode, n. (Gr. ex, hodos) the con- 
cluding part of a dramatic entertainment. 

Ex'o-dus, n. departure from a place ; the 
second book of Closes, which describes the 
•departure of the Israelites from Egypt. 

Ex-on'er-ate, v. (L. ex, onus) to un- 
load ; to disburden ; to free from a charge. 
Ex-On-er-a'tion, n. the act of exonerating. 

fix'o-ra-ble, a. (L. ex, oro) that may 
be moved by entreaty. 

Ex-6rbi-tant, a. (L. ex, orbis) enor- 
mous; excessive; extravagant. 

Ex-or'bi-tance, Ex-Gr'bi-tan-cy, n. deviation 
from rule or right ; enormity; extravagance. 

Ex-6r'bi-tant-ly,ad. beyond rule; excessively. 
Ex-GYbi-tate, v. to go out of the usual track. 

Ex'or-cise, v. (Gr. ex, horkos) to ad- 
^ jure by sbmeholy name; to expel evil spirits. 
!Kx'or-cIs-er, n. one who exorcises. 
fix'or-cifm, n. expulsion of evil spirits. 
Ex'or-gist, n. one who expels evil spirits. 

Ex-or'di-um, n. (L.) the beginning; 

the introduction ; the preface. 
Ex-or'di-al, a. introductory. 


Ex-os'se-oiiSjfl.CL.&r ,os) without bones. 

Ex-o-teVic, Ex-o-ter'i-cal, a. (Gr. exo) 
■ externa] ; public. 

fix'o-ter-y, n, what is obvious or common. 
Ex-ot'ic, a. foreign. — n. a foreign plant. 
Ex-ot'i-cal, a. foreign ; not native. 

Ex-pand', v. (L. ex, pando) to spread; 

to lay open ; to dilate ; to diffuse. 
Ex-panse', n. a wide extent of space or body. 
Ex-pan'si-ble, a. capable of being expanded. 
Ex-pan-si-bll'i-ty, n. capacity of expansion. 
Ex-pan'sion.n.ttieact of spreadingout; extent. 
Ex-pan'sive, a. having power to expand. 

Ex-pa'/i-ate, v. (L. ex, spatium) to 

range at large ; to enlarge upon. 
Ex-pa7i-a-tor, n. one who expatiates. 

Ex-pa'tri-ate, v. (L. ex, patrici) to 

banish from one's country. 
Ex-pa-tri-a'tion,n. banishment ; emigration. 

Ex-pect', v. (L. ex,specto) to look for; 
to wait for ; to apprehend. 

Ex-pSct'a-ble, a. that may be expected. 
Ex-pgc'tance, Ex-pec'tan-cy, n. the act or 

state of expecting ; something expected. 
Ex-pSc'tant, a. waiting in expectation.—/*. 

one who waits in expectation, 
fix-pec-ta'tion, n. the act of expecting; the 

object expected ; prospect of good to conn*. 
Ex-peVta-tive, a. looking or waiting for. — n. 

the object of expectation. 
Ex-pgct'er, n. one who expects. 

Ex-pec'to-rate, v. (L. ex, pectus) to 

discharge from the breast by coughing. 
Ex-pec-to-ra'tion, n. discharge by coughing. 
Ex-pgc'to-ra-tiveja.promoting expectoration. 

Ex-pe'di-ent^, jD6\s)fit ; proper; 

convenient ; suitable. — n. means to an end ; 

shift; device. 
Ex-pe'di-ence, Ex-pe'di-en-cy, n. fitness; 

propriety ; convenience ; suitableness. 
Ex-pe'di-ent-ly, ad. fitly; conveniently. 
Ex'pe-dlte, v. to hasten ; to facilitate ; to 

despatch. — a. quick; hasty; easy; active, 
fix'pe-dlte-ly, ad. with quickness;' hastily. 
Ex-pe-dl'tion, n. haste; speed; activity; 

a march or voyage ; an enterprise, 
fix-pe-dl'tious, a. speedy; quick; nimble, 
fix-pe-dl'tious-ly, ad. speedily; nimbly. 
Ex'pe-di-tive, a. performing with speed. 

Ex-ped'i-tate, v. (L. ex, pes) to cut 

off the balls or claws of a dog's fore feet. 
Ex-pgd-i-ta'tion, n. mutilation of a dog's feel 

Ex-peT. v (L. ex, pello^ to drive or 

force out ; to eject ; to banish. 
Ex-peTler, n. one that expels. 

Ex-pend', v. ( L. ex,pendo) to lay out ; to 

spend ; to disburse ; to employ ; to consume. 
Ex-peVdi-ture, n. cost ; disbursement. 
Ex-pgnse', n. cost; charge ; money expended. 
Ex-pfinse'ful, a. costly; chargeable. 
Ex-pense'ful-ly, ad. in a costly manner. 
Ex-p£nse'less, a. without cost. 
Ex-pSn'sive, a. given to expense ; costly. 
Ex-pen'&ire-ly, ad. with great expense. 
Ex-p£n'sive-ness,n. extravagance ; costliness. 

Ex-pe'ri-ence, n. (L. experior) trial ; 
practical knowledge. — v. to try; to prac- 
tise ; to know by practice. 

Ex-pe'ri-enced,p.a.skilfulor wise by practice. 

Ex-pe'ri-en-cer, n. one who makes trials. 

Ex-pg'ri-ent, a. having experience. 

Ex-per'i-ment, n. trial, practical proof. — v. 
to make experiment ; to try. 

Ex-per-i-ment'al, a. founded on experiment. 

Ex-p£r-i-m£nt'al-ist, Ex-per'i-nient-er, n. 
one who makes experiments. 

Ex-pgr-i-niSnt'al-ly, ad. by experiment. 

Ex-pert', a. (L. expertum) skilful ; 

prompt ; ready ; dexterous. 
Ex-pert'ly, ad. skilfully ; dexterously. 
Ex-pert'ness, n. skill ; readiness ; dexterity. 

Ex-pet'i-ble, a. (L. ex, peto) that may- 
be wished for or desired. 

fex'pi-ate, v. (L. ex, pius) to atone for. 
Ex'pi-a-ble, a. that may be expiated. 
Ex-pi-a'tion, n. act of expiating ; atonement. 
Ex'pi-a-to-ry, a. having power to expiate. 

fix'pi-late, v. (L. <?r, pilo) to rob. 
Ex-pi-la'tion, n. robbery; waste. 

tube, tub, fCill ; cry, crypt, myrrh ; toll, b6?, Our, nOw, new ; cede, gem, raise, exirt, thin, 





Ex-pire', v. (L. ex, spiro) to breathe 
out ; to emit the last breath ; to die. 

fix-pi-ra'tion, n. the act of breathing ; emis- 
sion of breath ; death ; evaporation ; cessa- 
tion ; conclusion. 

Ex-pis-ca'tion, n. (L. ex, piscis) a fish- 
ing out. 

Ex-plain', v. (L. ex, planus) to make 
plain ; to expound ; to illustrate. 

Ex-plain'a-ble, a. that may be explained. 

Ex-plain'er, n. one who explains. 

fix-pla-na'tion, n. the act of explaining ; the 
sense explained ; adjustment of a difference. 

Ex-plan'a-to-ry, a. containing explanation. 

Ex-ple'tion, n. (L. ex, pletum) accom- 
plishment ; fulfilment. 
' £x'ple-tive, a. tilling up ; added for supply 
w or ornament. — n. a word used to fill a space, 
fix'ple-to-ry, a. filling up ; taking up room. 

Ex'pli-cate, v. (L. ex, plico) to unfold; 

to explain ; to clear ; to interpret. 
Ex'pli-ca-ble, a. that may be explained. 
Ex-pli-ca'tion,rc.explanation ; interpretation, 
fix'pli-ca-tive, a. tending to explain, 
fix'pli-ca-to-ry, a. tending to explain. 
Ex-pllc'it, a. plain ; clear ; direct. 
Ex-pllc'it-ly, ad. plainly; directly. 
Ex-pllc'it-ness, n. the state of being explicit. 

Ex-plode', v. (L. ex, plaudo) to burst 
forth with noise •, to drive out ; to reject. 

Ex-plod'er, n. one who explodes. 

Ex-plo'§ion, n, a sudden bursting with noise 
and violence ; a discharge. 

Ex-pl6'sive, a. bursting with noise and vio- 

Ex-ploit', n. (L. ex, pletum) a great 
action ; a heroic deed ; an achievement. 

Ex-plore', v. (L. ex, ploro) to search 

v for making discovery ; to examine. 

fix'plo-rate, v. to search out ; to examine. 

Ex-plo-ra'tion, n. search; examination. 

fix-plo-ra'tor, n. one who explores. 

Ex-pl6r'a-to-ry, a. searching ; examining. 

Ex-plore'ment, n. search ; trial. 

Ex-po-li-a'tion. See Exspoliation. 

Ex-po'nent, n. (L. ex, pono) the index 

of a power in algebra. 
Ex-port', v. (L. ex, porto) to carry or 

send out of a country, 
fix'port, n. a commodity sent abroad. 
Ex-por-ta'tion, n. the act of exporting. 
Ex-port'er, n. one who exports. 

Ex-pose', v. (L. ex, positum) to lay 
w open ; to disclose ; to put in danger. 
Ex-po-s^tion, n. explanation ; interpretation. 
Ex-ptis/i-tive, a. explanatory; laying open. 
Ex-pos/i-tor, n. an explainer ; an interpreter. 
Ex-poYi-to-ry, a. explanatory. 
Ex-po'sure, n. the act of exposing ; the state 

of being exposed ; the situation of a place 

as to sun and air. 
Ex-pound', v. to explain ; to interpret. 
Ex-pdund'er, n. an explainer; an interpreter. 

Ex-pos'tu-late, v. (L. ex, postulo) to 
reason earnestly; to remonstrate. 

Ex-pos-tu-la'tion, n. reasoning ; remon- 
strance ; debate ; altercation. 

Ex-pos'tu-la-to-ry. a. containing expostula- 

Ex-press', v. (L.ex, pressum) to press 
out ; to utter ; to represent ; to denote.— 
a. plain ; in direct terms. — w. a messenger 
or message sent on purpose. 

Ex-pr6ss'i-ble, a. that may be expressed. 

Ex-preYsion, n. the act of expressing ; utter- 
ance ; a phrase or mode of speech. 

Ex-preVsive, a. serving to express. 

Ex-pres'sive-ly, ad. in an expressive manner. 

Ex-preYsive-ness, n. power of expression. 

Ex-press'ly, ad. plainly ; in direct terms. 

Ex-press'ness, n. the power of expression. 

Ex-preYsure, n. utterance ; form ; mark. 

Ex'pro-brate, v. (L. ex, probrum) to 
v upbraid ; to censure ; to reproach. 
fix-pro-bra r tion, n. upbraiding ; reproach. 
Ex r pro-bra-tive, a. upbraiding; reproaching. 

Ex-pro'pri-ate, v. (L. ex, proprius) to 

hold no longer as one's own ; to give up. 
Ex-pro-pri-a'tion, n. the act of giving up. 

Ex-pugn', ex-pun', v. (L. ex, pugno) 
w to conquer ; to take by assault. 
Ex-pug-na'tion, n. act of taking by assault. 

Ex-pulse', v. (L. ex, pulsum) to drive 

out ; to force away ; to expel. 
Ex-pul'sion, n. the act of driving out. 
Ex-pul'sive, a. having power to expel. 

Ex-punge', v. (ex, pungo) to blot out. 
Ex-punc'tion, n. the act of blotting out. 
Ex-pun r ging, n. the act of blotting out. 

Ex-pur'gate, v. (L. ex, pur go) to purge 
v away; to cleanse ; to purify; to expunge. 
Ex-pur-ga'tion, n. the act of cleansing. 
Ex-pur'ga-tor, n. one who expurgates. 
Ex-pur'ga-to-ry, a. cleansing ; purifying. 
Ex-purge', v. to purge away ; to expunge. 

Ex'qui-site, a. (L. ex, qucesitum) ex- 
cellent ; complete ; choice ; extreme, 
fix'qui-^ite-ly, ad. completely ; nicely, 
fix'qui-iite-ness, w. nicety ; perfection. 

Ex-san'gui-ous, a. (L. ex, sanguis) 
having no blood. 

Ex-scTnd', v. (L. ex, scindo) to cut off. 

Ex-scribe',1?. (L.ex,scribo) to write out. 

Ex-sect', v. (L. ex, sectum) to cut out. 
Ex-sSc'tion, rc. the act of cutting out. 
Ex-sic'cate, v. (L. ex, sicco) to dry. 
Ex-sTc'cant, a. having power to dry. 
Ex-sic-ca'tion, w. the act of drying. 

Ex-spo-li-a'tion, n. (L. ex, spolium) a 
spoiling or wasting. 

Ex-stim'u-late, v. (L. ex, stimulus) to 

spur or goad on ; to incite ; to quicken. 
Ex-stlm-u-la'tion, n. the act of inciting. 

Ex-siic'cous, a. (L. ex, succus) without 
juice; dry. 

Ex-suc'tion, n. (L. ex, suctum) a suck- 
ing out. 

Ex-su-da'tion. See under Exude. 

Ex-suf-fia'tion, n. (L. ex, sub,jlatum) 
a blowing from beneath; a kind of exorcism. 

Fate, fat, far, fall • me, met, there, her; pine, pin, field, fir; note, n6t, nor, m6ve, sod ; 




Ex-saffli-cate, a. swollen ; empty. 
Ex-su'per-ance,n. (L.ex,si/per)excess. 

Ex-sus-ci-ta'tion, n. (L. ex, sub, cito) 

^ a stirring up ; an awakening. 

fix'tant, a. (L. ex, sto) standing out to 

view ; now in being ; not lost, 
fix'tanfe, n. outward existence, 
fix'tan-cy, n. the state of standing out. 

fix'ta-sy. See Ecstasy. 
Ex-tem'po-re,arf. (L. ex, tempus) with- 

out previous study or meditation. 
Ex-tgm'po-ral, a. uttered at the moment. 
Ex-tem'po-ral-ly, ad. without premeditation. 
Ex-tem-po-ra'ne-ous, Ex-tem'po-ra-ry, a. 

unpremeditated ; sudden ; quick. 
Ex-tem'po-rlze, v. to speak extempore. 

Ex-tend', v. (L. ex, tendo) to stretch 
out ; to expand ; to enlarge ; to continue. 

Ex-t£nd'er, n. one that extends. 

Ex-ten'di-ble, a. that may be extended. 

Ex-tSn'si-ble, a. capable of being extended. 

Ex-ten-si-bll'i-ty, n. the being extensible. 

Ex-tSn'sion, n. the act of extending; the 
state of being extended ; enlargement. 

Ex-teVsion-al, a. having great extent. 

Ex-t£n'sive, a. wide ; large. 

Ex-ten'sive-ly, ad. widely; largely. 

Ex-teri'sive-ness, n. wideness ; largeness. 

Ex-tSn'sor, n. a muscle that extends. 

Ex-tent', n. space ; bulk ; compass. 

Ex-ten'u-ate, v. (L. ex, tenuis) to 

make thin ; to lessen ; to palliate. 
Ex-ten-u-a'tion, n. palliation ; mitigation. 
Ex-ten'u-a-tor, n. one who extenuates. 

Ex-te'ri-or, a. (L. exter) outward; 

external ; extrinsic— n. outward surface 

or appearance. 
Ex-te'ri-or-ly, ad. outwardly ; externally. 
Ex-tern', a. outward ; visible ; not intrinsic. 
Ex-teVnal, a. outward ; visible ; foreign. 
Ex-ter-nal'i-ty, n. external perception. 
Ex-ter'nal-ly, ad. outwardly; apparently. 

Ex-ter'mi-nate, v. (L. ex, terminus) to 

destroy ; to extirpate ; to abolish. 
Ex-ter-mi-na'tion, n. destruction; excision. 
Ex-ter'mi-na-to-ry, a. causing destruction. 

Ex-til-la'tion, n. (L. ex, stillo) the act 
of falling in drops. 

Ex-tTm'u-late. See Exstimulate. 

Ex-tmct', a. (L. ex, stinguo) put out ; 
abolished ; dead. 

Ex-t1nc'tion,w.act of putting out ; destruction. 

Ex-tln'guish, v. to put out ; to destroy. 

Ex-tln'guish-a-ble, a. that may be put out. 

Ex-tln'guish-er, n. one that extinguishes ; a 
hollow cone used to put out a candle. 

Ex-tln'guish-nient, n. suppression ; destruc- 
tion ; abolition. 

Ex-tir'pate, v. (L. ex, stirps)to root out. 

Ex-tir'pa-ble, a. that may be rooted out. 

fix-tir-pa'tion, n. the act of rooting out. 

Ex-tol', v. (L. ex, tollo) to praise ; to 

exalt ; to magnify ; to celebrate. 
Ex-toTler, n. one who extols. 

Ex-tort', v. (L. ex, tortum) to take by 
force ; to wring from ; to gain by violence. 

Ex-tort'er, n. one who extorts. 
Ex-tor'tion, n. 1 illegal exaction. 
Ex-tor'tion-er, n. one who practises extortion. 
Ex-tor/tious, a. oppressive ; unjust. 

Ex-tract', v. (L. ex, tr actum) to draw 
out ; to take from ; to select. 

fix'traet, n. that which is extracted ; a pass- 
age taken from a book ; essence ; tincture. 

Ex-trac'tion, n. the act of drawing out ; 
lineage ; derivation. 

Ex-trac'tive, a. that may be extracted. 

Ex-tra-ju-di'cial, a. (L. extra, judex) 
out of the regular course of legal procedure. 

fix-tra-ju-dl'pial-ly, ad. in a manner out of 
the regular course of legal procedure. 

£x-tra-mis'sion, n. (L. extra, missum) 
a sending outwards. 

Ex-tra-mim / dane,rt.(L.£.r^Yz J 7>2zz72<^s) 
beyond the material world. 

Ex-tra'ne-ous, a. (L. extra) of differ- 
ent substance ; foreign. 

Ex-traor'di-na-ry, a. (L. extra, or do) 
beyond ordinary ; remarkable. 

Ex-traor'di-na-ri-ly, ad. uncommonly; re- 
markably ; particularly ; eminently. 

Ex-traoVdi-na-ri-ness, n. remarkableness. 

fix-tra-pa-ro'chi-al, a. (L. extra, Gr. 
para, oikos) not within the parish. 

£x-tra-pro-vin'cial, a. (L. extra, pro, 
vinco) not within the province. 

fix-tra-reg'u-lar, a. (L. extra, rego) 
not comprehended within a rule. 

Ex-trav'a-gant, a. (L. extra, vagor) 
irregular; excessive; wild; wasteful. 

Ex-trav'a-gance, Ex-trav'a-gan-c-y, n. irre- 
gularity ; excess ; prodigal expense. 

Ex-trav'a-gant-ly, ad. wildly ; wastefully. 

Ex-trav'a-gate, v. to wander out of limits. 

Ex-trav-a-ga'tion, n. excess. 

Ex-traVa-sate, v. (L. extra, vas) to 

force out of proper ve>sels. 
Ex-trav-a-sa'tion, n. the act of forcing out 

of the proper vessels. 

fix-tra-vG'nate, a. (L. extra, vena) 
let out of the veins. 

£x-tra-ver'sion, n. (L. extra, versum) 
the act of throwing out. 

Ex-treme', a. (L. extra) utmost; great- 
est; last; most pressing; rigorous. — n. the 
utmost point ; the highest degree. 

Ex-treme'ly, ad. in the utmost degree. 

Ex-trem'i-ty, n. the utmost point or part ; 
necessity ; emergency ; distress. 

fix'tri-cate, v. (L. ex, tricae) to free 

from perplexity ; to disentan-ie. 
Ex'tri-ca-ble, a. that may be extricated. 
£x-tri-ca'tion, n. the act of extricating. 

Ex-trm'sic,Ex-trin'si-cal, a. (L. extra, 

secux) outward ; external. 
Ex-trln'si-cal-ly, ad. from without. 

Ex-trude', v. (L. ex, trudo) to thrust off. 
Ex-tru'sion, n. the act of thrusting off. 

tube, tab, full; cry, crypt, myrrh ; toil, boy, Our, now, new; cede, gem, raise, exist, thin. 




Ex-tu'ber-ant, aX\j.ex, tuber) swelling. 
Ex-t uTaer-ance, Ex-t u'ber-an-cy,n.a swelling. 

Ex-n'ber-ant,a. (~L.ex,uber) abundant ; 

luxuriant ; plenteous. 
Ex-u'ber-anpe, n. abundance ; luxuriance. 
Ex-u'ber-ant-ly, ad. abundantly ; copiously. 
Ex-u'ber-ate, v. to bear in great abundance. 

Ex-uc'cous. See Exsuccous. 

Ex-u'date, Ex-ude', v. (L. ex, sudo) 

^to sweat out ; to issue out ; to emit. 
Ex-u-da'tion, n. the act of sweating out. 

Ex-uTcer-ate, v. (L. ex, ulcus) to cause 

an ulcer ; to become ulcerous. 
Ex-ul-cer-a'tion, n. the act of causing ulcers. 

Ex-iilt', v. (L. ex, saltum) to rejoice 

exceedingly ; to triumph. 
Ex-ult'ance, Ex-ult'an-cy, n. transport. 
Ex-ult'ant, a. rejoicing; triumphing 
E^-ul-ta'tion, n. joy ; triumph; delight. 

fix-un-da'tion, n. (L. ex, undo) over- 
flow ; abundance. 

Ex-ii'per-ance. See Exsuperance. 

Ex-iist'ion, n. (L. ex, ustum) a burn- 
ing up. 

Ex-u'vi-se,n. pi. (L.)cast skins or shells. 

Ey'as, n. (Fr. niais) a young hawk.— 

a. unfledged. 
Ey'as-mus-ket, n. an unfledged sparro whawk. 

Eye, n. (S. eage) the organ of vision ; 
sight ; look ; aspect ; notice ; a small per- 
foration ; a small loop or catch.— v. to 
watch ; to keep in view. 

Eyed, a. having eyes. 

Ey'er, n. one who eyes. 

Eye'less, a. deprived of sight. 

Eye'let, n. a small hole for light ; a per- 

Eyl'iad, n. an ogling glance. 

Eye'ball, n. the apple of the eye. 

Eye'beam, n. a glance from the eye. 

Eye'brlght, n. the plant euphrasy. 

Eye'brow, n. the hairy arch over the eye. 

Eye'drop, n. a tear. 

Eye'glance, n. quick notice of the eye. 

Eye'glass, n. a glass to assist the sight. 

Eye'lash, n. the hair that edges the eve. 

Eye'lld, n. the membrane that shuts over 
the eye. 

Eye'salve, n. ointment for the eyes. 

Eye'ser-vife, n. service performed only under 

Eye'shot, n. glance of the eye ; view. 

Eye'sTght, n. sight of the eye. 

Eye'sore, n. something offensive to the sight. 

Eye'strlng, n. the tendon which moves the 

Eye'tooth, n. the tooth in the upper jaw 
next to the grinders ; the canine tooth. 

Eye'wlt-ness, n. one who testifies what he 
has seen. 

Ey'ot, n. (S. iggath) a little island. 

Eyre, n. (L. iter) a court of justices 
itinerant ; a circuit. 

Ey'ry, n. (S. csg) a place where birds 
of prey build and hatch. 


Fa'ble, n. CL.fabula) a feigned story; 

a fiction. — v. to feign ; to write fiction. 
Fa'bled, p. a. celebrated in fables. 
Fa'bler, n. a writer or teller of fables. 
Fab'u-list, n. a writer of fables. 
Fab'u-lous, a. full of fables ; feigned. 
Fab-u-los'i-ty, n. fulness of fables. 
Fab'u-lous-ly, ad. in a fabulous manner. 
Fab'u-lous-ness, n. quality of being fabulous. 

Fab'ric, n. (L. faber) a building ; a 

structure ; a manufacture. — v. to build. 
Fab'ri-cate, v. to build ; to construct ; to forge. 
Fab-ri-ca'tionjW.act of building; construction. 
Fab'ri-ca-tor, n. one who fabricates. 

Face, n. (L. fades) the visage ; the 
countenance ; the surface ; the front ; ap- 
pearance ; boldness. — v. to turn the face ; 
to meet in front ; to oppose with confidence ; 
to stand opposite to ; to cover. 

Fa-fade', n. the front of a building. 

Fac'et, n. a small surface ; a little face. 

Fa'cial, a. pertaining to the face. 

Facing, n. a covering ; ornamental covering. 

Face'cloth, n. a cloth laid over the face of a 

Face'paint-ing, n.the art of painting portraits. 

Fa- cetera. (L.facetus) cheerful; witty. 
Fa-cete'ly, ad. wittily ; merrily. 
Fa-cete'ness, n. wit ; pleasant representation. 
Fa-£e'tious, a. merry; jocular; witty. 
Fa-ce'tious-ly, ad. merrily ; wittily. 
Fa-ce'tious-ness, n. cheerful wit ; mirth. 

Fac'ile, a. (lu.facilis) easy; pliant. 
Fac'ile-ly, ad. easily ; pliantly. 
Fa^'ile-ness, n. easiness to be persuaded. 
Fa-cll'i-tate, v. to make easy. 
Fa-fll-i-ta'tion, n. the act of making easy. 
Fa-fll'i-ty , n. easiness ; readiness ; dexterity ; 
ready compliance ; easiness of access. 

Fa-cin'o-rous, a. (L. facinus) atro- 
ciously wicked. 

Fact, n. (L. factum) a thing done ; 

reality ; deed ; truth. 
Fac'tion, n. a party in a state ; dissension. 
Fac'tion-a-ry, n. one of a faction. 
Fac'tion-ist, n. one who promotes faction. 
Fac'tious, a. given to faction ; turbulent. 
Fac'tious-ly, ad. in a factious manner. 
Fac'tious-ness, n. inclination to faction. 
Fac-tl'tious, a. made by art ; artificial. 
Fac'tive, a. having power to make. 
Fac'tor, n. an agent for another. 
Fac'to-ry, n. a house or residence of factors ; 

the body of factors in a place; a place 

where any thing is made. 
Fac'ture, n. the act or manner of making. 
Fac'ul-ty, n. a power of mind or body; ability ; 

dexterity ; a body of professional men. 
Fac-slm'i-le, n. an exact copy. 
Fac-to'tum, n. a servant employed to do all 

kinds of work. 

Fac'und, a. (L.facundus) eloquent. 

Fade, v. (L. vado\) to lose colour ; to 
wither ; to languish ; to vanish.— a. faint. 

Fate, fat, far, fall; me, m€t, there, her; pine, pin, field, fir; note, not, nor, move, son j 




Fadeless, a. not liable to fade. 
Fad'ing-ness, n. liability to fade. 
Fad'y, a. wearing away ; decaying. 

Fadge,u. (S.fegan) to suit ; to agree. 

Faeces. See Feces. 

Fag, v. (L. fatigo ?) to grow weary ; 

to drudge. — n. one who works hard ; a slave. 
Fag-end", n. the end of a web or rope ; the 

refuse or meaner part of any thing. 

Fag'ot, n. (W.fagod) a bundle of sticks 
for fuel.— v. to tie up. 

Fail, v. (L. fallo) to be deficient; to 
cease; to decay ; to miss ; to miscarry; to 
desert ; to disappoint.— n. deficiency ; omis- 
sion ; miscarriage. 

Fail'ance, n. omission ; fault. 

Fairing, n. deficiency ; fault ; lapse. 

Fail'ure, n. deficiency ; cessation ; omission ; 
insolvency ; a lapse ; a fault. 

Fiiin, a. (S.fcegen) glad. — ad. gladly. 

Faint, v. (Fr. faner) to decay ; to grow 
feeble ; to sink motionless and senseless. — 
a. languid; weak; cowardly; dejected. 

Faint'ing, n. a swoon ; syncope. 

Faint'ish, a. somewhat faint. 

Faint'ish-ness, n. slight degree of faintness. 

Faint'ling, a. timorous ; feeble-minded. 

Faint'ly, ad. feebly ; languidly; timorously. 

Faint'ness, n. the state of being faint. 

Fain'ty, a. weak ; feeble ; languid. 

Faint-heart'ed, a. timorous; cowardly. 

Faint-heart'ed-ly, ad. timorously. 

Fiiint-heart'ed-ness, n. cowardice. 

Fair, a. (S. fceger) beautiful ; white ; 

clear; favourable; equal; just; open; 

mild; civil.— ad. openly ; civilly; gently; 

equitably; on good terms. — n. the female sex. 
Fair'ly, ad. beautifully ; commodiously ; 

openly ; candidly ; justly ; completely. 
Fair'ness, n. beauty ; honesty ; clearness. 
Fair'spo-ken, a. civil; courteous; plausible. 

Fair, n. (L. forum 1) a stated market. 
Fair'ing, n. a present given at a fair. 

Fair'y, n. (Fr. fee) a kind of fabled 
being or spirit ; an elf; an enchantress. — 
a. belonging to fairies ; given by fairies. 

Faith, n. (L. fides) belief ; trust ; con- 
fidence ; fidelity ; honour ; sincerity ; doc- 
trine believed ; revealed truth. 

Faith'fiil, a. firm in belief ; loyal ; constant ; 
upright ; true ; worthy of belief. 

Faith'ful-ly, ad. in a faithful manner. 

Faith'ful-ness,n. honesty ; veracity; loyalty. 

Fiiith'Iess, a. without faith; perfidious*; dis- 
loyal ; false ; neglectful ; deceptive. 

Faith'less-ness, n. want of faith ; perfidy. 

FaTrir, Fa'quir, n. (Ar.) a sort of 
wandering monk or dervis in India. 

FaTc/?ion, ». (L.falx) a short crooked 

sword; a scimitar. 
Fal'cat-ed, a. bent like a sickle; hooked. 
Fal-ca'tion, n. crookedness ; form of a sickle. 

Fal'con, fa'kn, ?i. (L. falco) a hawk 

trained for sport. 
FaTcon-er, n. one who trains hawks. 

FaTcon-ry, n. the art of training hawks. 
Fal'co-ngt, n. a sort of cannon. 

Fald'stool, n. (fold, stool 2 .) a stool on 
which the king kneels at his coronation ; 
the chair of a bishop within the altar ; a 

Fall, v. (S. feallari) to drop down ; to 
decline ; to decrease ; to sink ; to ebb ; to 
die ; to happen : p.t. fell ; p.p. fallen. 

Fall, n. the act of falling; overthrow; de- 
struction ; diminution ; cadence ; a cata- 
ract ; autumn. 

Fall'cr, n. one who falls. 

Fall'ing, n. act of falling ; that which falls. 

Fairing-slck-ness, n. epilepsy. 

Fal-la'cious, a. (L. fallo) producing 

mistake ; deceitful ; sophistical. 
Fal-la'cious-ly, ad. in a fallacious manner. 
Fal-la'^ious-ness, n tendency to deceive. 
Fal'la-cy, n. deceitful argument ; sophism. 
Fal'len-cy, n. mistake ; error. 
Fal'li-ble, a. liable to error. 
Fal-li-bU'i-ty, n. liability to error. 

FaTlow,«. (S.fea/o) pale red or yellow; 

plowed but not sown; uncultivated.-^-*. 

land plowed but not sown. — v. to plow 

without sowing. 
Fal'low-ing, n.act of plowing without sowing. 
Fal'low-ness, n. state of being fallow. 

False, a. (L.falsum) not true ; coun- 
terfeit ; unfaithful ; dishonest ; treacher- 
ous : unreal.— ad. not truly ; not honestly. 

False'hGod.n.want of truth ; dishonesty; trea- 
chery ; a lie ; a false assertion ; counterfeit. 

False'fy, ad. not truly ; perfidiously. 

False'ness, n. want of truth ; deceit; perfidy. 

Fal'si-fy, t\ to prove false; to counterfeit; 
to violate ; to tell lies. 

Fal-si-fi-ca'tinn, n. the act of falsifying. 

FaTsi-fi-ca-tor, n. one who falsifies. 

FaTsi-fl-er, n. one who falsities. 

Fal'si-ty, ;?. an untruth ; a lie ; an error. 

Fal-set'to, n. (It.) a feigned voice. 

False'f^ed, a. hypocritical ; deceitful. 

False r heart-ed, a. treacherous ; perfidious. 

False-heart'ed-ness, n. pertidiousness. 

Fal'ter, v. (L. fallo) to hesitate in 

speech ; to fail ; to tremble. 
Fal'ter-ing, n. feebleness ; deficiency. 
FaKter-ing-ly, ad. with hesitation or difficulty. 

Fame, n. (L.fama) renown ; report ; 

rumour. — v. to make famous ; to report. 
Famed, p. a. renowned ; celebrated. 
Fame'less,a.havingno fame ; without renown. 
Fa'mous, a. renowned ; celebrated ; noted. 
Fa/moused, a. much talked of ; renowned. 
Fa'mous-ly, ad. with great renown. 
Fa'mous-ness, n. renown ; celebrity. 

Fam'i-ly, n. (L. familia) a household; 
a race ; a generation ; a class. 

Fa-mll'iar, a. domestic ; affable ; free ; well 
known ; accustomed ; common. — n. an in- 
timate ; a demon. 

Fa-mll-i-ar'i-ty, ?i. intimate converse ; ac- 
quaintance ; affability ; easy intercourse. 

Fa-miTiar-Ize, v. to make familiar. 

Fa-miriar-ly, ad in a familiar manner. 

Fani'i-lism/n. the tenets of the familists. 

tube, tub, full; cry, crypt, myrrh; toll, boy, our, n5w, new; cede, gem, raise, exist, thin. 




Fam'i-list, n. one of the sect called the family 

of love ; the master of a family. 
Fam'ine,7i. (L. fames) scarcity of food. 
Fam'ish, v. to die of hunger ; to starve.^ 
Fam'ish-ment, n. extreme hunger or thirst. 

Fan, n. (S.fann) an instrument used 
by ladies to cool themselves ; an instru- 
ment used to winnow corn. — v. to cool with 
a fan j to ventilate ; to winnow. 

Fan'ner, n. one that fans. 

Fan'ning, n. ventilation. 

Fa-nat'ic, Fa-nat'i-cal, a. (Gr. phaino) 

wildly enthusiastic. 
Fa-nat'ic, n. a wild enthusiast ; a visionary. 
Fa-nat'i-cal-ly, ad. with wild enthusiasm. 
Fa-nat'i-cal-ness, n. religious frenzy. 
Fa-nat'i-cism, n. wild enthusiasm. 
Fan'cy, n. (Gr. phaino) the power of 

forming images in the mind ; a notion ; 

taste ; inclination ; whim. — v. to figure in 

the mind ; to imagine ; to like. 
Fan'ci-ful, a. dictated or influenced by fancy; 

imaginative ; visionary ; whimsical. 
Fan'^i-ful-ly, ad. in a fanciful manner. 
Fan'^i-ful-ness, n. the being fanciful. 
Fan^y-framed, a. created by fancy. 
Fan'cy-free, a. free from the power of love. 
Fan'^y-mon-ger, n. one who deals in tricks 

of imagination. 
Fan'cy-slck, a. unsound in the imagination. 

Fane, n. (L.fanum) a temple. 

Fan'fare,?i.(Fr.) a flourish of trumpets. 
Fan'fa-ron, n. a bully; a blusterer. 
Fan-fa-ro-nade', n. bluster ; parade ; boast. 
Fang, v. (S. fengan) to seize ; to catch. 
— n. the tusk of an animal ; a claw or talon. 
Fanged, a. furnished with fangs. 
Fang'less, a. without fangs ; toothless. 

Fan'gle, n. (S. fengan) a silly attempt. 
Fan'gled, a. gaudy ; ridiculously showy. 

Fan'nel, Fan'on, n. (Fr. fanon) an 
ornament like a scarf, worn by a priest. 

Fan'ta-sy, n. (Gr. phaino) fancy; ima- 
gination ; idea ; humour. — v. to like. 

Fan'ta-sied, a. filled with fancies. 

Fan-tas'tic, Fan-tas'ti-cal, a. irrational ; 
imaginary ; fanciful ; whimsical ; capricious. 

Fan-tas'tic, n. a whimsical person. 

Fan-tas'ti-cal-ly, ad. in a fantastic manner. 

Fan-tas'ti-cal-ness, Fan-tas'tic-ness, n. hu- 
morousness ; whimsicalness ; caprice. 

Fan-tas'tic-ly, ad. whimsically ; irrationally. 

Fan'tom. See Phantom. 

Fa'quir. See Fakir. 

Far, a. (S. feor) distant ; remote. — 

ad. at a distance ; remotely ; in great part ; 

by many degrees ; to a certain point. 
Far'most, a. most distant ; remotest. 
Far'ness, n. distance ; remoteness. 
Far'ther , a.more remote. — ad.more remotely. 
Farthest, a. most distant or remote. — ad. at 

or to the greatest distance. 
Far / fet?hed, a. brought from a remote place ; 

studiously sought ; forced ; strained. 
Farce, v. (L. farcro) to stuff; to fill 

with mingled ingredients ; to swell out. — 

n. a ludicrous play. 

Far^i-cal, a. belonging to a farce ; ludicrous. 
Far'^i-cal-ly, ad. in a farcical manner. 
Farming, n. stuffing ; forced meat. 

Fard,u. (Fr./arefer)topaint;to colour. 

Far'del, n. (Fr.fardeau) a bundle ; a 
little pack.—- v. to make up in bundles. 

Fare, v. (S.faran) to go ; to pass ; to 
travel ; to happen well or ill ; to be in any 
state good or bad ; to feed ; to eat. — n. 
price of conveyance ; food ; provisions. 

Fare-weil'jadadieu ; thepartingcompliment. 

Fare-weir, Fare'wcll, n. leave ; departure. 
— a. leave-taking. 

Fa-ri'na, n. (L.) the pollen or fine 
dust in the anthers of plants ; flour. 

Far-i-na'ceous, a. consisting of meal or 
flour ; containing meal ; like meal. 

Farm, n. (S. feorm) land let to a 
tenant ; land under cultivation.-— v. to lease 
or let ; to cultivate land. 

Farm'er, n. one who cultivates a farm. 

Farming, n. cultivation of land. 

Far-ra'go, n. (L.) a medley. 
Far-rag'i-nouSja.formed of various materials. 

Far'ri-er, n. (L.ferrum) one who shoes 

horses ; one who cures diseases of horses. 
Far'ri-er-y, n. the business of a farrier. 

Far'row, n. (S.fearh) a litter of pigs. 
— v.\o bring forth pigs. 

Farther. See under Far. 

Far 'thing, n. (S. feorth) the fourth 

part of a penny. 
Far / thing§-w6rth, n. as much as is sold for a 


Far'thin-gale, n. (Fr. vertugade) a 

hoop to spread the petticoat. 

Fas'ces, n. pi. (L.) rods tied up in a 
bundle, anciently carried before the Roman 
consuls as a mark of authority. 

Fas r ci-cle, n. a bundle ; a collection. 

Fas-fine', n. a fagot. 

Fas^i-a'tion, n. (L. fascia) bandage. 

Fas'ci-nate, v. (Jj.fascino) to bewitch; 
to enchant ; to charm ; to captivate. 

Fas-£i-na'tion, n. the power or act of be- 
witching ; inexplicable influence. 

Fash'ion, f ash/un, n. CL.facio) make ; 

form ; mode ; custom ; general practice ; 

rank. — v. to form ; to mould ; to adapt. 
Fasb/ion-a-ble, a. made according to the 

prevailing mode ; established by custom ; 

observant of the fashion ; genteel. 
Fash'ion-a-ble-ness, n. modish elegance. 
Fasb/ion-a-bly, ad. in a fashionable manner. 
Fash'ion-er, n. one who forms or shapes. 
Fash'ion-mon-ger, who studies fashions. 

Fast, v. (S. fcestan) to abstain from 
food ; to mortify the body by religious ab- 
stinence. — n. abstinence from food ; reli- 
gious humiliation ; time of fasting. 

Fast'er, n. one who abstains from food. 

Fast'ing, n. religious abstinence. 

Fast'day, Fast'ing-day, n. day of religious 

Fate, fat, far, fall ; m6, met, there, her; pine, ptn, field, fir; note, n6t, nor, move, son; 




Fast, a. (S.f&st) firm ; strong ; fixed ; 

sound. — ad. firmly ; closely ; nearly. 
Fast'en, fas'sn, v. to make fast ; to make 

firm; to hold together; to cement ; to link. 
Fas'ten-ing, n. that which fastens. 
Fast'ly, ad. stirely ; firmly; closely. 
Fast'ness, n. the state of being fast ; strength ; 

security ; a strong place. 
Fftst'hand-ed, a. avaricious ; covetous. 

Fast, a. (W. /est) speedy ; quick ; 
swift — ad. swiftly ; quickly ; frequently. 

Fas-tid'i-ous, a. (L.fastus) disdainful; 

squeamish ; nice ; difficult to please. 
Fas-tId'i-ous-ly,a<2.disdamfully; squeamishly. 
Fas-tTd'i-ous-ness, n. disdainfulness. 
Fas'tu-ous, a. proud ; haughty. 
Fas'tu-ous-ly, ad. proudly ; haughtily. 
Fas'tu-ous-ness, n. pride ; haughtiness. 

Fas-tig'i-ate, Fas-tig'i-at-ed, a. (L.fas- 
tigium) roofed ; narrowed to the top. 

Fat, a. (S. fcBtt) plump ; fleshy ; gross ; 

rich. — n. the unctuous part of animal flesh ; 

the best or richest part of any thing. — v. to 

make or grow fat. 
Fat'ling, n. a young animal fed for slaughter. 
Fat'ner, Fat'ten-er, n. one that fattens. 
Fat'ness, n. the quality of being fat. 
Fat'ten, v. to make or grow fat. 
Fat'ty, a. having the qualities of fat. 
Fat'ti-ness, n. grossness ; greasiness. 
Fat'brained, a. dull of apprehension. 
Fat'wlt-ted, a. heavy ; dull; stupid. 

Fat. See Vat. 

Fate, n. (L. faturri) destiny ; final 
event ; death ; destruction ; cause of death. 

Fa'tal, a. deadly ; mortal ; destructive. 

Fa'tal-ism, n. doctrine of inevitable necessity. 

Fa'tal-ist, n. one who believes in fatalism. 

Fa-tal'i-ty, n. invincible necessity ; decree of 
fate ; tendency to danger ; mortality. 

Fa'tal-ly, ad. mortally; destructively. 

Fat'ed, a decreed by fate ; destined. 

Fate'ful, a. bearing fatal power. 

Fa-tid'i-cal, a. having power to foretell. 

Fa'ther, n. (S. feeder) the male parent ; 
the first ancestor; one who creates, in- 
vents, or forms ; one who acts with paternal 
care ; one reverend for age, learning, or 
piety ; the First Person of the Trinity. — 
v. to adopt ; to own as a child ; to ascribe 
to any one as his offspring or production. 

Fa'ther-hood, n. the state of being a father. 

Fa'ther-less, a. without a father. 

Fa'thcr-ly , a. like a father ; paternal ; tender. 
— ad. in the manner of a father. 

Fa'ther-li-ness, n. the tenderness of a father. 

Fa'ther-in-law, n. the father of one's husband 
or wife. 

Fath'om, n. (S. fa-thrm) a measure 
of six feet.— v. to try the depth of; to 
sound ; to penetrate. 

Fath'oni-a-bk, a. that may be fathomed. 

Fath'om-less, a. that cannot be fathomed. 

Fa-tigue', v. (L.futigo) to weary ; to 

tire. — n. weariness ; lassitude ; toil. " 
Fat'i-gate, v. to weary. — a. wearied. 
Fat-i-ga'tion, n. weariness. 

Fat'u-ous, a. (L.fatuus) weak ; sillr. 
Fa-tu'i-ty, n. weakness of mind ; imbecility. 

Faucet, n. (Fr. faussef) a pipe inserted 

in a vessel to give vent to liquor. 
Fau^Aion, Faul^/non. See Falchion. 

Faugh, fa, int. (S.fah) an interjection 

of abhorrence. 
Faul'con. See Falcon. 

Fault, n. (L. fallo) offence ; slight 

crime ; defect. — v. to charge with a fault. 
Fault'er, n. one who commits a fault. 
Fault'ful, a. full of faults or sins. 
Faultless, a. without fault ; perfect. 
Fault'less-ness, n. freedom from faults. 
Fault'y, a. guilty of fault ; wrong ; defective. 
Fault'i-ly, ad. defectively ; erroneously. 
Fault'i-ness, n. badness ; defect. 
Fault'flnd-er, n. a censurer ; an objector. 

Faun, n. (L. faunus) a rural deity. 
Faun'ist, n. one who pursues rural studies. 

Fa-vGlous, a. (L.favilla) consisting 

of ashes ; resembling ashes. 

Fa'vour, v. (CL.faveo) to regard with 
kindness; to support; to countenance ; to 
assist. — n. kindness ; support ; lenity ; good 
will ; advantage ; any thing worn as a token. 

Fa'vour-a-ble, a. kind ; propitious ; friendly ; 
convenient ; advantageous. 

Fa'vour-a-ble-ness, n. kindness; beniimity. 

Fa'vour-a-bly, ad. with favour ; kindly. 

Fa'voured, p. a. regarded with kindness ; 

Fa'voured-ness, n. appearance. 

Fa'vour-er, n. one who favours. 

Fa'vour-ite, n. a person or thing regarded 
with favour.— a. regarded with favour. 

Fa'vour-it-ism,n. act of favouring ; partiality. 

Fa'vour-less'.a. without favour ; unpropitious. 

Fau'tor, n. a favourer ; a supporter. 

Fau'tress, n. a female favourer. 

Fawn, n. (Fr.faon) a young deer. — 
v. to bring forth a fawn. 

Fawn, v. (S. fcegniari) to court serv- 
ilely ; to cringe. — n. a servile cringe. 
Fawn'er, n. one who fawns. 
Fawn'ing, n. gross or low flattery. 
Fawn'ing-ly, ad. in a cringing servile way. 

Fay, n. (Fr. fee) a fairy ; an elf. 

Fe'al-ty, n. (L. fides) duty to a supe- 
rior lord ; loyalty. 

Fear, n. (S./^r) dread ; terror ; awe ; 
anxiety ; the cause or object of fear. — v. to 
make or be afraid ; to dread ; to reverence. 

Fear'ful, a. timorous ; afraid ; terrible. 

Fear'ful-ly, ad. timorously ; terribly. 

Fear'ful-ness, n. timorousness ; awe ; dread. 

Fear'less, a. free from fear ; intrepid. 

Fearless-ly, ad. without fear ; intrepidly. 

Fear'less-ness, n. froedom from fear ; courage. 

Fea / si-ble,«.(L../>/c!*o)that maybe done. 
Fea-si-bll'i-ty, n. the being practicable. 
Fea'^i-ble-ness, n. practicability. 
Fea'si-bly, ad. practicably. 

Feast, n. (L.festum) a sumptuous en- 
tertainment;' something delicious to the 

tube, tub, full ; cry, crypt, myrrh ; toll, boy, Our, n6w, new; cede, gem, raise, exist, thin. 




palate ; a ceremony of rejoicing ; a festival. 

— v. to eat or entertain sumptuously; to 

delight ; to pamper. 
Feast'er, n. one who feasts. 
Feast'ful, a. festive ; joyful ; luxurious. 
Feast'ing, n. an entertainment ; a treat. 
Feast'rlte, n. custom observed at feasts. 

Feat, n. (L. factum) an act ; a deed ; 

an exploit ; * a trick. — a. ready ; skilful ; 

neat. — v. to form ; to fashion. 
Feat'ly, ad. neatly ; dexterously. 

Feath'er, n. (S.fyther) the plume of 
birds ; species ; an ornament. — v. to dress 
or cover with feathers ; to enrich ; to adorn. 

Feath'ered, a. clothed or fitted with feathers ; 
swift ; winged ; smoothed. 

Feath'er-less, a. having no feathers. 

Feath'er-ly, a. resembling a feather. 

Feath'er-y, a. clothed or covered with feath- 
ers ; resembling a feather. 

Feath'er-bed, n. a bed stuffed with feathers. 

Feath'er-drlv-er, n. one who cleans feathers. 

Feat'ure, n. (L. factum) the cast or 

make of the face ; a lineament. 
Featured, a. having features. 

Feb'rile, Fe'brile, a. (L. febris) per- 
taining to fever ; indicating fever. 

Fe-brlfic, a. tending to produce fever. 

Feb'ri-fuge, n. a medicine to allay fever. — 
a. having power to cure fever. 

Feb'ru-a-ry, n. (L.februo) the second 

month in the year. 
FSb-ru-a'tion, n. purification. 

Fec / u-ien9e, Fec'u-len-cy, n. muddiness ; 

sediment ; lees ; dregs. 
Fec'u-lent, a. foul ; dreggy ; muddy. 

Fec'und, a. (L. fcecundus) fruitful. 
Fe-cun'date, v. to make fruitful or piolific. 
Fec-un-da'tion, n. act of making fruitful. 
Fe-cun'di-ty, n. fruitfulness ; proliticness. 

Fed, p. t. and p. p. of feed. 

Fed'er-al, a. (L.foedus) pertaining to 

a league or contract. 
Fed'a-ry, Fed'er-a-ry, n. a confederate ; an 

accomplice ; a partner. 
Fed'er-ate, a. leagued ; joined in confederacy. 
Fed'er-a-tive, a. joining in league ; uniting. 
Fed-er-a'tion, n. a league. 

Fed'i-ty, n. (L.foedus) baseness. 

Fee, n. (S. feoh) reward ; recompense; 
payment ; a tenure by which property is 
held. — t\to reward ; to pay; to bribe; to hire. 

Fee'farm, n. tenure by which lands are held. 

Fee'ble, a. (Fr. foible) weak ; infirm. 
Fee'ble-ness, n. weakness; infirmity. 
Fee'bly, ad. weakly ; without strength. 
Fee'ble-mlnd-ed, a. weak of mind. 

Feed, v. (S.fedan) to supply with food; 
to take food ; to nourish ; to supply ; to 
graze ; to delight ; to prey : p. t. and p.p. fed. 

Feed, n. that which is eaten ; act of eating. 

Fefid'er, n. one that feeds. 

Feed'ing, n. pasture. 

Feel, v. (S.feian) to perceive by the 

touch ; to be affected ; to have the sense 
of ; to try ; to experience : p. t. and p.p. felt 

Feel, n. the sense of feeling ; the touch. 

Feel'er, n. one that feels ; horn of an insect. 

Feeding, p. a. expressive of sensibility ; easily 
affected.— n. the sense of touch; percep- 
tion ; sensibility. 

FeeFing-ly, ad. in a feeling manner. 

Feet, pi. of foot. 

Feet'less, a. being without feet. 

Feign,fan, v. (L.fingo) to invent ; to re- 
late falsely ; to make a show of ; to pretend. 
Feign'ed-ly, ad. in fiction ; not truly. 
Feign'ed-ness, n. fiction ; deceit. 
Feign'er, n. one who feigns. 
Feign'ing, n. a false appearance. 
Feign'ing-ly, ad. with false appearance. 
Feint, n. a false appearance ; a mock assault. 

Fe-lic/i-tate, v. (L. fellv) to make 
happy ; to congratulate. — a. made happy. 
Fe-llc-i-ta'tion, n. congratulation. 
Fe-ll^i-tous, a. happy; prosperous. 
Fe-llc'i-tous-ly, ad. happily. 
Fe-llc'i-ty, n. happiness ; prosperity. 

Feline, a. (L.felis) like a cat; per- 
taining to a cat. 

Fell, a. (S.) cruel ; inhuman ; savage. 
Fell'ness, n. cruelty ; savageness ; fury. 
Felly, ad. cruelly ; inhumanly ; savagely. 

Fell, n. (Ger. fels) a hill ; a mountain. 

Fell, n. (S.) a skin ; a hide. 
Feirmon-ger, n. a dealer in hides. 

T?el\ 9 v. (S.fyUan) to knock or cut down* 
Fell'er, n. one who knocks or cuts down. 

Fell, p. t. of fall. 

FeTloe, FeTly, n. (S.f&lga) the out- 
ward part or rim of a wheel! 

FeTlow, n. (G. felag) a companion; 
an associate ; an equal ; one like to an- 
other ; a mean person ; a privileged mem- 
ber of a college.— v. to suit with ; to match. 

Feriow-ship, n. companionship; association , 
partnership ; frequency of intercourse , 
social pleasure ; establishment in a college. 

FeVlow-like, Fel'low-ly, a. like a companion. 

Fel-low-clt'i-zen, n. one who belongs to the 
same city or state. 

Fel-low-c6m'mo-ner, n. one who has the 
same right of common ; a commoner at a 
university who dines with the fellows. 

Fel-low-coun'sel-lor, n. a member of the 
same council. 

Fel-low-crea'ture, n. one who has the same 

Fei-low-feering, n. sympathy ; joint interest. 

Fel-low-heir', n. a partner of the same in- 
heritance ; a coheir. 

Fel-low-heip'er, n. one who concurs or helps 
in the same business. 

Fel-low-la'bour-er, n. one who labours in 
the same business or design. 

Fei-low-menVber, n. a member of the same 
body or society. 

Fei-low-mln'is-ter, n. one who serves the 
same office. 

Fei-low-peer', n. one who enjoys the same 
privileges of nobility. 

Fate, fat, far, fall ; me, met, there, her ; pine, pin, field, fir ; note, ndt, nor, m6ve, son ; 




Fei-low-prls'on-er, n. one confined in the 
same prison. 

Fel-low-schol'ar, n. one who studies in com- 
pany with another - 

Fel-low-ser'vant, n. one who serves the same 

Fel-low-sol'dier, n. one who fights under the 
same commander. 

Fel-low-stu'dent, n. one who studies in com- 
pany with another. 

Fel-low-sub'ject, n. one who lives under the 
same government. 

Fel-low-suf fer-er, n. one who shares in the 
same evils. 

Fel-low-trav'el-ler, n. one who travels in 
company with another. 

Fel-low-work'er, n. one employed in the 
same occupation or design. 

Fef-low-wrlt'er, n. one who writes at the 
.same time, or on the same subject. 

FeTon, n. (Fr.) one guilty of felony. — 
a. cruel ; fierce ; malignant ; traitorous. 

Fe-lo'ni-ouSja. wicked; malicious; perfidious. 

Fe-lo'ni-ous-ly, ad. in a felonious manner. 

FeTo-ny, n. a crime which incurs the for- 
feiture of life or property ; a capital crime ; 
an enormous crime. 

Felt, p. t. and p. p. of feel. 

Felt, n. (S.) cloth or stuff made with- 
out weaving. — v. to unite without weaving. 
Felt'er, v. to clot together like felt. 
Felt'mak-er, n. one who makes felt. 

Fe-luc'ca, n. (It.) a small open boat. 

Fe'male, n. CL.femina) one of the sex 

that brings forth young.— a. not male. 
Fem-i-nal'i-ty, n. the female nature. 
Fem'i-nine, a. relating to females ; soft ; 

tender ; delicate. 
Feme-co-vert', n. a married woman. 

Fem'o-ral, a. (L. femur) belonging to 
the thigh. 

Fen, n. (S.fe?in) a marsh ; a bog. 
Fen'ny, a. marshy ; boggy. 

Fence, n. (L. defendo) guard ; in- 
closure ; a mound ; a hedge ; tbe art of 
fencing ; skill in defence.— v. to guard ; to 
inclose ; to fortify ; to practise fencing. 

Fence'ful, a. affording protection. 

Fence'less, a. without inclosure ; open. 

F6n £er, n. one who practises fencing. 

Fen'ci-ble, a. capable of defence. 

Ffin'cing, n. the art of defence by weapons. 

Fen'cing-mas-ter, n. a teacher of fencing. 

Fencing-school, n. a school where fencing 
is taught. 

F6nd, v. to keep off; to shut out ; to dispute. 

Fend'er, n. a utensil placed before the fire. 

Fen-er-a'tion, n. (L.famus) usury. 

Fe-nes'tral, a. (L. fenestra) belonging 
to windows. 

Fen'nel, n. (S.fenol) a plant. 

Feod, fud. See Feud. 

Feoff, v. (L. fides) to put in possession; 

to invest with right. 
Feof-fee', n. one put in possession. 
Feoffment, n. the act of granting possession. 

Fe-ra'cious, a. (L.fero) fruitful. 
Fe-raf'i-ty, n. fruitmlness ; fertility. 

Fe , ral,a.(L./6 , ra/ia)funereal; mournful. 

Fer'e-to-ry, n. (L. feretrum) a place 
for a bier. 

Fe'ri-al, a. (L. ferice) pertaining to 

holidays, or to common days. 
Fe-ri-a'tion, n. the act of keeping holiday. 

Fe'rlne, a. (L.fera) wild ; savage. 
Fe-rine'ness, n. wildness ; savageness. 
Fer'i-ty, n. cruelty ; barbarity ; wildness. 

Fer-nient', v. (L. ferveo) to excite 
internal motion ; to work ; to effervesce. 

Fer'ment, n. internal motion ; tumult; yeast. 
Fer-men-ta'tion, n. an internal motion of 

the small particles of a mixed body. 
Fer-ment'a-tive, a. causing fermentation. 

Fern, n. (S.fearn) a plant. 
Fern'y, a. overgrown with fern. 

Fe-rt/cious, a. (\j.ferox) fierce; savage. 
Fe-ro'cious-ly, ad. in a savage manner. 
Fe-ro'9ious-ness. n. fierceness ; savageness. 
Fe-roc'i-ty, n. fierceness; savageness. 

FeVre-ous, a. (L.ferrum) i pertaining 
to iron ; like iron ; made of iron. 

Fer-ru'gi-nous, Fer-ru-gln'e-ous, a. partak- 
ing of iron ; containing particles of iron. 

Fer'rule,n.a metal ring to keep from cracking. 

Fer'ret, n. (L. viverra) an animal of 
the weasel kind. — v. to drive out of lurkin' 

FeVry, v. (S.farcui) to carry or pass 
over water in a boat. — n. the place where a 
boat passes over water. 

Fer'ry-boat,rj.a boat for conveying passengers. 

FeVry-man, n. one who keeps a ferry. 

Fer'tile, fl.(L. /<?ro) fruitful ; abundant. 
FeVtile-ness, ;j. fruitf ulness ; fecundity. 
Fer-tll'i-ty, n. fruitfulness; abundance. 
Fer'til-Ize, v. to make fruitful 

Fer'u-la, Fer'ule, n. (L. ferula) an in- 


Fcr'vent, a. (L. ferveo) hot ; boiling ; 

vehement ; ardent ; earnest. 
Fer'ven-cy, n. heat of mind; ardour; zeal. 
Fer'vent-ly.rtd.ardently; vehemently; eagerly. 
Fer'vent-ness, n. ardour; zeal. 
FeVvid, a. hot ; burning ; vehement. 
FeVvid-ness, n. ardour of mind ; zeal. 
FerVour, n. heat ; warmth ; zeal ; ardour. 

Fes'cen-mne, n. (L. Fescennia) a 
licentious song. — a. licentious. 

FeYcue, n. (L. festuca) a small wire 
to point out the letters to children learning 
to read. 

Fes'tal, a. (L.festum) pertaining to a 

feast ; joyous ; gay ; mirthful. 
Fes'ti-val, a. pertaining to a feast ; joyous ; 

mirthful.— n. a time of feasting and joy. 
FeYtive, a. relating to a feast ; joyous ; gay. 
Fes-tlv'i-ty, n. social joy; gaiety; mirth. 

Fes'ter, v. to rankle ; to corrupt. 

tube, tub, full ; cry, crypt, myrrh ; toil, bo?, Our, n5w, new ; ?ede, gem, raise, e$ist. thin. 




Fes-toon', n. (Fr. festori) an ornament 
in the form of a wreath. 

Fes'tu-cme, a. (L. festuca) of a straw- 
colour, between green and yellow. 
Fes-tu'cous, a. formed of straw. 

Fetch, v. (S. feccan) to go and bring ; 

to bring ; to draw ; to reach. 
Fetch, n. (S.facen) a trick ; an artifice. 

Fet'id, a. CL.fceteo) having a strong 

and offensive smell ; rancid. 
Fe'tor, n. a strong and offensive smell. 

Fetlock, n. (feet, lock) a lock of hair 
that grows behind the pastern joints of 

Fet'ter, n. (S. fester) a chain for the 
feet. — v. to bind ; to enchain ; to tie. 

Fet'ter-less, a. free from restraint. 

Fe'tus, n. (L.) an animal yet in the 

womb ; any thing unborn. 
Feud, n. (S.f&hthe) a deadly quarrel. 

Feud, n. (L. fides) a right to land on 

condition of military service. 
Feu'dal, a. pertaining to feuds ; relating to 

tenures by military service. 
Feu'dal-is^n, n. the feudal system. 
Feu-dal'i-ty, n. feudal form'or constitution. 
Feu'da-ry, a. holding land of a superior. 
Feu'da-ta-ry, Feu'da-to-ry, n. one who holds 

land on condition of military service. 
Feudist, n. a writer on feuds or tenures. 

Feu'ille-morte, n.(Fr.)the colour of a 
faded leaf; a yellowish-brown colour. 

Fe'ver, n. (L.febris) a disease charac- 
terized by quick pulse, increased heat, and 
thirst. — v. to put into a fever. 

Fe'ver-ish, a. diseased with fever; tending 
to fever ; hot ; burning ; inconstant. 

Fe'ver-ish-ness, n. tendency to fever. 

Fe'ver-ous, a. affected with fever. 

Fe'ver-ous-ly, ad. in a feverish manner. 

Fe'ver-y, a. diseased with fever. 

Few, a. (S.feawa) not many. 
Few'ness, n. smallness of number. 
FevVel. See Fuel. 
Fi'anc^, v. ( to betroth. 
Fi'at, n. (L.) an order ; a decree. 

Fib, n. (L.fabula) a lie ; a falsehood. 
— v. to tell lies ; to speak falsely. 

Fl'bre, n. CL.fibra) a small thread or 

string ; a filament. 
Fl'bril, n. a small fibre. 
Fi-brll'lous, a. relating to fibres. 
Fl'brous, a. composed of fibres. 

FicTde, a. (S. ficol) changeable ; in- 
constant ; wavering ; unsteady. 
Flc'kle-ness, n. changeableness ; inconstancy. 
Flck'ly, ad. without firmness or steadiness. 

Fic'tion,?i. {L.fictum) the act of feign- 
ing or inventing ; an invented story ; a lie. 

Flc'tile, a. moulded into form. 

Flc'tious, a. invented ; imaginary. 

Fic-trtious, a. counterfeit ; false ; imaginary ; 
not real ; not true ; allegorical. 

Fic-tl'tious-ly, ad. falsely ; counterfeit^ 
Fic-tTtious-ness, n. feigned representation. 
Fic'tive, a. feigned ; imaginary. 

Fid'dle, n. (S.fithele) a stringed in- 
strument ; a violin.— v. to play on a fiddle. 
Fld'dler, n. one who plays on a fiddle. 
Fid'dle-sttck, n. a bow used by a fiddler. 
Fld'dle-strlng, n. the string of a fiddle. 
Fld'dle-fad'dle, n. trifles.—a. trifling. 

Fi-del'i-ty, n. (L. fides) faithfulness ; 

loyalty ; honesty ; veracity. 
Fi-du'cial, a. confident ; undoubting. 
Fi-du'cial-ly, ad. confidently ; undoubtingly. 
Fi-du r 9i-a-ry, a. confident ; undoubting ; 

held in trust. — n. one who holds in trust. 

Fidge, Fidget, v. (Sw.fika) to move 

about in fits and starts ; to be restless. 
Fld'get, n. irregular motion ; restlessness. 
Fld^et-y, a. restless ; impatient. 

Fief, n. (L. fides) an estate held on 
condition of military service. 

Field, n. (S.feld) a piece of land in- 
closed for tillage or pasture ; the ground 
of battle ; space ; compass ; extent. 

Field'ed, a. being in field of battle. 

Field'bSd, n. a bed for the field. 

Field'fare, ferfare, n. a bird. 

Field'mar-shal,?z. the commander of an army; 
an officer of the highest military rank. 

FiekTmduse ,n. a mouse that lives in the fields, 

Field'of-fi^er, n. an officer above the rank 
of captain. 

Field'piece, n. a small cannon used in battle. 

FiekTpreach-er, n. one who preaches in the 
open air. 

Field'preach-ing, n. the act of preaching in 
the open air. 

Field'room, n. open space. 

Field'sports, n. pi. shooting and hunting. 

Fiend, n. (S. feond) a deadly enemy ; 

the devil ; an infernal being. 
Fiend'ful, a. full of devilish practices. 
Fiendish, a. having the qualities of a fiend. 
Fiend'ish-ness, n. the quality of a fiend. 
Fiend'like, a. resembling a fiend. 

Fierce, a. (L.ferox) savage; ravenous; 

violent ; furious ; vehement. 
Fiercely, ad. violently ; furiously. 
Fier^e'ness, n. savageness ; fury ; violence. 

Ffer-y, a. consisting of fire. See Fire. 

Fife, n. (Fr. fifre) a small pipe or flute. 
Fifer, n. one who plays on a fife. 

Fifth. See under Five. 

Fig, n. (L.ficus) a tree, and its fruit. 

Flg'leaf, n. the leaf of the fig-tree. 

Fight, fit, v. (S.feohtan) to contend 
in battle ; to war against ; to combat ; to 
strive ; to struggle : p. t. and p. p. fought. 

Fight, n. a battle ; a combat. 

Flght'er, n. one who fights. 

Flght'ing, p. a. fit for battle.-— n. contention. 

FIg'ment, n. CL.fingo) an invention. 

Fig'ure, n. (L. fingo) form ; shape ; 
semblance ; a statue ; an image ; eminence; 
splendour ; a character denoting a number ; 

Fate, fat, far, fall; me, mPt, there, her; pine, pin, field, fir; note, not, nor, m6ve, son; 




a diagram ; a type ; a mode of speaking or 
writing. — v. to form into any shape ; to 
show by a resemblance ; to adorn with 
figures ; to imagine ; to make figures ; to 
be distinguished. 

Flg'u-ra-ble, a. capable of being formed. 

Flg'u-ral, a. represented by figure. 

Flg'u-rate, a. having a determinate form. 

FTg'u-rat-ed, a. of a determinate form. 

Flg-u-ra'tion, n. act of giving a certain form. 

Flg'u-ra-tive, a. representing something else ; 
typical ; metaphorical ; full of figures. 

Flg'u-ra-tive-ly, ad. by a figure; not literally. 

Floured, p. a. adorned with figures. 

Flg'u-ring, n. the act of making figures. 

Flg'u-rist, n. one who makes figures. 

Flg'ure-cast-er, n. a pretender to astrology. 

Fi-la'ceous, a. (L.filum) consisting of 

threads ; composed of threads. 
Fll'a-ment, n. a slender thread ; a fibre. 
FU-a-ment'ous, a. like a slender thread. 
FH'an-der§, n. a disease in hawks. 

Filbert, n. a species of hazel nut. 

FflfA, v. to steal ; to pilfer ; to rob. 
Filler, n. a thief; a petty robber. 

File, w. (L.filum) a line or wire on 
which papers are strung ; a roll ; a series ; 
a line of soldiers. — v. to string on a line or 
wire ; to march in file. 

File, n. (S. feol) an instrument for 

smoothing and polishing. — v. to smooth. 
Firing^, n. pi. particles rubbed off by a file. 
Flle'cut-ter, n. a maker of files. 

Fire-mot. See Feuille-morte. 

Filial, a. (L. filius) pertaining to a 

son or daughter ; befitting a child. 
Fll'iaJ-ly, ad. as becomes a son or daughter. 
Fll-i-a'tion,n.the relation of a child to afather. 

Fill-grane, Fill-gree, n. (L. fihim, 
granum) delicate work in gold and silver, 
in the manner of threads or grains. 

Fill, v. (S.fylla?i) to make or grow 
full ; to satisfy ; to glut ; to store ; to 
occupy. — n. as much as fills or satisfies. 

FM'er, n. one that fills. 

Flll'ing, n. a making full ; supply. 

Fillet, n. (L. filum) a band for the 
hair ; a bandage ; the fleshy part of the 
thigh. — v. to bind with a bandage or fillet. 

Firii-beg,n. (G&e\.filleadh,beg) a dress 
reaching only to the knees, worn in the 
Highlands of Scotland instead of breeches. 

Fillip, v. to strike with the nail of 
the finger.— n. a jerk of the finger from the 

Filly, n. CN.filawg) a young mare; 
a flirt. 

Film, ?i. (S.) a thin skin or pellicle. — 

v. to cover with a thin skin or pellicle. 
FH'my, a. composed of pellicles. 

Filler, n. (S.felt) a strainer for clear- 
ing liquids. — v. to strain ; to percolate. 
Firtrate, v. to strain ; to percolate. 
Fil-tra'tion, n. the act or process of filtering. 

FQtn, n. (S. fylth) dirt ; nastiness. 
Fllth'y, a. nasty; foul ; polluted. 
Fllth'i-ly, ad. nastily ; foully ; grossly. 
Flith'i-ness, n. nastiness ; foulness ; pollution. 

Fim'bri-ate, v. (L. fimbria) to fringe. 

Fin, n. (S.) the member by which a fish 
balances its body and moves in the water. 

Fln'less, a. without fins. 

Finlike, a. resembling a fin. 

Finned, a. having fins. 

Fin'ny, a. furnished with fins. 

Fm'foot-ed, Fin'toed, a. having a mem- 
brane between the toes. 

Fin'a-ble. See under Fine. 

Filial. See under Fine. 

Fi-nance / , n. (Fr.) revenue ; income. 
Fi-nan'cial, a. respecting finance. 
Fi-nan'cier, n. one who understands or 
manages the public revenue. 

Finp/i, n. (S.jinc) a small bird. 

Find, v. (S. findan) to obtain by 
searching or seeking ; to discover ; to rain ; 
to come to ; to meet with ; to determine by 
verdict ; to furnish : p. t. and p. p. found. 

Flnd'er, n. one who finds. 

Find'ing, n. discovery ; verdict of a jury. 

Flnd'fault, n. a censurer ; a caviller. 

Fine, a. (Fr. Jin) small; thin; not 
coarse; pure; keen; nice; artful; ele- 
gant ; showy. — v. to purify. 

Fine'ly, ad. beautifully ; elegantly; well. 

Fine'ness, n. elegance ; delicacy ; purity. 

Fin'er, n. one who purifies metals. 

Fln'er-y, n. show ; splendour ; gaiety. 

Fi-nCsse', rt. artifice ; stratagem. 

Fln'i-cal, a. nice in trifles ; foppish. 

Fln'i-cal-ness, n. extreme nicety ; foppery. 

Flne'spo-ken, a. using tine phrases. 

Flne'spun,a. ingeniously contrived ; minute. 

Fine, n. (L. Jinis\) a pecuniary pun- 
ishment ; a mulct. — v. to impose a fine. 
Fln'a-ble, a. admitting or deserving a fine. 

Fine, n. (L. finis) the end; conclusion. 
Fi'nal, a. last'; conclusive; mortal. 
Fl'nal-ly,rttf.lastly; in conclusion; completely. 
Fi-na'le, n. the close ; the last piece. 
Fine'less, a. endless ; boundless. 
Finish, v. to bring to an end ; to complete ; to 
perfect.— n. the last touch ; the last polish. 
Fln'ish-er, n. one who finishes. 
Fln'ish-ing, «. completion ; the last touch. 
Fi'nlte, a. limited; bounded; terminated. 
Fi'nlte-less, a. without bounds; unlimited. 
Fl'nite-ly, ad. within certain limits. 
Fl'nite-ness, n. limitation. 

Fin'ger, n. (S.) one of the extreme 
parts of the hand; the hand; a small 
measure.— v. to touch lightly ; to handle ; 
to pilfer ; to play on an instrument. 

Fln'gered, a. having fingers. 

Fln'ger-ing, n. the act of touching lightly; the 
manner of touching an instrument of music. 

Fln'ger-board, n. the board at the neck of a 
musical instrument, where the fingers act 
on the strings. 

Fip'ple, n. (L. fibula) a stopper. 

tube, tab, full ; cry, crypt, myrrh ; toll, btiy , 6Gr, n6w, new ; cede, gem, raije, exist, thin. 




Fir, n. (W.fyrr) the name of a tree. 

Fire, n. (S.fyr) the igneous element ; 

any thing burning ; a conflagration ; flame ; 

light ; lustre ; ardour ; spirit ; passion. — 

v. to set on fire ; to take fire ; to kindle ; 

to inflame ; to discharge firearms. 
Flr'er, n. one who sets on fire ; an incendiary. 
Fir'ing, n. fuel ; discharge of firearms. 
Flre'arm§, n. pi. guns, muskets, &c. 
Flre'ball, n. a ball filled with combustibles. 
Flre'brand, n. a piece of wood kindled ; an 

incendiary ; one who inflames factions. 
Flre'brush, n. a brush to sweep the hearth. 
Flre'drake, n. a fiery serpent ; an ignis fatuus. 
Flre'en-gine, n. a machine to extinguish fire. 
Flre'ldck, n. a soldier's gun ; a musket. 
Flre'man, n. one employed to extinguish fires. 
Flre'new, a. new from the forge; bright. 
Flre'df-fice, n. an office of insurance from fire. 
Flre'pan, n. a pan for holding fire. 
Flre'shlp, n. a ship filled with combustibles 

to fire the vessels of the enemy. 
Fire'shov-el, n. an instrument for taking up 

or removing hot coals. 
Fire-side', n. the hearth ; home. 
Flre'stlck, n. a lighted stick or brand. 
Fire'wofld, n. wood for fuel. 
Flre'works, n. pi. shows of fire. 

Firk, v. (h.ferio ?) to whip ; to beat. 

Firlrin, n. (S. feower) a vessel con- 
taining nine gallons ; a small vessel. 

Firm, a. (L. firmus) strong ; fixed ; 
constant ; compact ; solid. — v. to fix. — n. 
a partnership in business. 

Fir'mi-tude, n. strength ; stability. 

Firmly, ad. strongly ; steadily; constantly. 

Firm'ness, n. stability ; solidity ; constancy. 

Fir'ma-ment, n. the sky ; the heavens. 

Fir-ma-ment'al, a. pertaining to the firma- 
ment ; celestial. 

Fir'man, n. (At.) a passport ; a license. 

First, a. (S. fyrst) earliest in time ; 

foremost in place ; highest in dignity. — ad. 

before any thing else. 
First'ling, n. the first produce or offspring. 
First'born, a. eldest. — n. the eldest child. 
First / fruits,n.pJ. earliest produce; first profits. 

Firth. See Frith. 

Fisc, n. (L.fiscus) a public treasury. 
Fls'cal, a. pertaining to the public treasury 
or revenue. — n. revenue ; a treasurer. 

Fish, n. (S. fisc) an animal that in- 
habits the water. — v. to attempt to catch 
fish ; to seek by artifice. 

Flsh'er, n. one who fishes. 

Flsh'er-y, n. the business or place of fishing. 

Flsh'ing, n. the art or practice of catching fish. 

Flsh'y, a. consisting of fish ; like fish. 

Flsh'er-boat, n. a boat used in fishing. 

Flsh'er-man, n. one employed in fishing. 

Flsh'ful, a. abounding with fish. 

Ffsh'glg, Flz'gig, n. a dart for striking fish. 

Flsh'hook, n. a hook to catch fish. 

Fish'ket-tle, n. a kettle for boiling fish. 

FTsh'lIke, a. resembling fish. 

Flsh'mon-ger, n. a dealer in fish. 

FTsh'pond, n. a pond for keeping fish. 

Flsh'spear, n. a spear for striking fish. 

Fish'wife, Flsh'wom-an, n. a woman who 

sells fish. 

Fis'sure, n. (L.fissum) a cleft; a nar- 
row chasm. — v. to cleave. 
Fis'sile, a. that may be split or cleft. 

Fist, n. (S.fyst) the clinched hand. — 

v. to strike with the fist ; to gripe. 
Fls'ti-cuffs, n. pi. blows with the fist. 

Fis'tu-la, n. (L.) a deep narrow ulcer. 
Fls'tu-late, v. to make hollow like a pipe. 
Fls'tu-lous, a. having the nature of a fistula. 

Fit, n. ( W. fith ?) a sudden and violent 
attack of disorder ; a convulsion ; a pa- 
roxysm ; a temporary affection ; interval. 

Flt'ful, a. varied by paroxysms; full of fits. 

Fit, a. (L. factum X) qualified ; proper ; 

suitable. — v. to adapt ; to suit. 
Flt'ly, ad. properly ; suitably. 
Flt'ness, n. propriety; suitableness. 
Ftt'ter, n. one who confers fitness. 
Flt'ting-ly, ad. properly; suitably. 

Fitch, n. (L. vicia) a kind of pea. 

Fitch 'at, Fitch'ew, n. (D. fisse) a 

Five, a. (S.fif) four and one. 
Fifth, a. the ordinal of five. 
Fifth/ly, ad. in the fifth place. 
Fifteen, a. five and ten. 
Fifteenth, a. the ordinal of fifteen. 
Fifty, a. five times ten. 
Flfti-eth, a. the ordinal of fifty. 
Fives, n. a game with a ball. 
Flve'barred, a. having five bars. 
Flve'fold, a. having five times as much. 

Fives, Vives, n. a disease of horses. 

Fix, v. (h.fiocum) to make fast, firm, 
or stable ; to settle ; to establish ; to rest. 
Fix-a'tion,?!. act of fixing; stability; firmness. 
Flx r ed-ly, ad. certainly; firmly; steadfastly. 
Flx r ed-ness, n. stability ; firmness ; solidity. 
Flx'i-ty, n. coherence of parts. 
Fixture, n. any thing fixed to a place or house. 
Flx'ure, n. position ; firmness. 

Fiz'gig. See under Fish. 

FTzz, Fiz'zle, v. to make a-hissing sound. 

Flabby, a. (D.fiabbe) soft; not firm ; 
easily snaking ; hanging loose. 

FlaVcid, a. (h. Jlacceo) soft; loose; lax. 
Flac-cld'l-ty, n. laxity ; want of tension. 

Flag, v. (S. fleogan) to hang loose ; 
to grow spiritless'; to grow weak. — n. a 
water plant ; a military or naval ensign. 

Flag'gy, a. weak ; lax ; insipid. 


Flag'shlp, n. the ship which bears the admiral. 

Flagstaff, n. the staff that elevates the flag. 

Flag'worm, n. a worm bred among flags. 

Flag, n. (Io. fiagari) a broad flat stone. 
Fla^'el-lant, n. (L. fiagello) one who 

whips himself in religious discipline. 
Flag-el-la'tion, n. a whipping or scourging. 

Fla^'eo-let, n. (Fr.) a musical instru- 

Fate, fat, far, fall; me, met, there, her; pine, pin, field, fir; note, ndt, nor, mdve, son; 




FIa-£i'tious, a. (L. fiagitium) wicked; 

villanous ; atrocious. 
Fla-gl'tious-ly, ad. wickedly ; atrociously. 
Fla-gl'tious-ness, n. wickedness ; villany. 

Flag'on, n. (S.Jlaxe) a drinking vessel. 

Fla'grant, a. (L.flagro) burning; ar- I 
dent; glowing; eager; notorious. 

Fla'grance, Fla'gran^y, n. burning ; heat ; 
fire ; notoriousness ; enormity. 

Fla'grant-ly, ad. ardently ; notoriously. 

Fla'grate, v. to burn ; to injure by fire. 

Fla-gra'tion, n. a burning. 

Flail, n. (L. fiagelld) an instrument 
for threshing grain. 

Flake, n. (S.Jlacea) a small portion 
of snow ; any thing held loosely together; 
a layer. — v. to form into flakes. 

Fla'ky, a. consisting of flakes or layers. 

Flam, n. (Ic. fiim) a whim; a false- 
hood. — v. to deceive with falsehood. 

Flame, n. (h.Jiamma) light emitted 
from fire ; fire ; blaze ; ardour ; violence. 
■ — v. to shine a* fire ; to bum. 

Flam'beau, flam'bo, n. (Fr.) a lighted torch. 

Flame'less, a. without flame ; without incense. 

Flam'ing, a. brilliant ; red ; gaudy ; violent ; 
vehement.—?!, a bursting out in flame. 

Flam'ing-ly, ad. brilliantly ; vehemently. 

Fla-mln'go, n. a bird of a red colour. 

Flam'ma-ble, a. that may be set on flame. 

Flam-ma-blTi-ty, n. the being flammable. 

Flam-ma'tion, n. the act of setting on flame. 

Flam'me-ous,a.consisting of flame; like flame. 

Fla'my, a. blazing ; burning ; flame-coloured. 

Flame'col-our, n. the colour of flame. 

Flame'col-oured, a. of a bright yellow colour. 

FUame'eyed, a. having eyes like flames. 

Fla'men, n. (L.) a priest. 
Fla-mln'i-cal, a. belonging to a priest. 

Flank, n. (Fr. Jianc) the part of an 
animal between the ribs and the thigh ; 
the side of an army or fleet.— v. to attack 
the side ; to secure on the side ; to border. 

Flank'er, n. a fortification which commands 
the side of an assailing body.— v. to defend 
or attack sideways. 

Flan'nel,n. (W.givlan) a soft woollen 

Flap, n. (D. flabbe) any thing that 
hangs broad and loose ; the motion or noise 
of a flap.— v. to beat or move with a flap. 

Flap'per, n. one that flaps ; a fan. 

Flap'drag-on, n. a kind of play or game. 

Flap'eared, a. having loose and broad ears. 

Flap'jack, n. an apple-puff. 

Flap'inOuthed, a. having loose lips. 

Flare, v. {jy.JiederenX) to give an un- 
steady light ; to glitter with transient lustre. 

Flash, n. (Gr. phloxX) a sudden blaze ; 
a sudden burst of wit ; a short transient 
state.— v. to burst out into a sudden flame 
or light ; to rise in flashes. 

Flash'y, a, showy without substance ; gay. 

Flask, n. (S.Jlaxe) a kind of bottle; 

a powder-horn. 
Flas'ket,n.a vesselin which viands are served. 

Flat, a. (D. plat) level ; smooth ; dull ; 
depressed; peremptory; not sharp. -n. a 
level ; a plain ; a shallow ; a mark of de- 
pression in music— v. to make or grow flat. 

Flat'ly, ad. in a flat manner ; peremptorily. 

Flat'ness, n. evenness ; dulness ; dejection. 

Flat'ten, v. to make even or level ; to depress. 

Flat'tish, a. somewhat flat ; rather flat. 

FlatHDOt-tomed, a. having a flat bottom. 

Flat'lOng, a. with the flat downwards. 

Flafnosed, a. having a flat nose. 

Flatwise, a. with the flat downwards. 

Flatter, v. ( Fr.) to soothe with praises ; 

to praise falsely ; to raise false hopes. 
Flat'ter-er, n. one who flatters. 
Flat'ter-ing, a. obsequious; pleasing; artful. 
Flat'ter-ing-ly, ad. in an obsequious manner. 
Flat'ter-y, n. false praise ; adulation. 

Flat'u-lent, a. (L. fiaturri) windy ; vain. 
Flat / u-len9e, Flat'u-len-9y, n. windiness; 

emptiness ; vanity. 
Flat'u-ous, a. windy ; generating wind. 
Flat-u-OVi-ty, n. windiness ; fulness of air. 
Fla'tu*, n. wind ; a breath ; a puff. 

Flaunt, v. (Ic.flana ?) to display osten- 
tatiously; to flutter; to carry a pert or 
saucy appearance.— n. any thing loose and 
airy ; an ostentatious display. 

Fla'vour, n. {Ft. Jlair ?) relish ; taste; 

odour.— v. to give taste or odour. 
FkVvor-ous,a. pleasant to the taste ; fragrant. 
Fla'voured, a. having a fine taste. 

Flaw, n. (S. Jloh) a crack ; a defect , 

a sudden gust ; a tumult.— 1\ to crack. 
Flaw'less, a. without cracks or defects. 

Flawn, n. {Yx.Jiaii) a custard ; a pie. 

Flax, n. (S. fleax) a fibrous plant ; 

the fibres of flax cleansed and combed. 
Flax'en, a. made of flax ; like flax ; fair. 
Flax'y, a. like rlax ; of a light colour. 

Flay, v. (S.yfart/2) to strip off the skin ; 

to take off the surface. 
Flea, n. (S.) a small insect. 
Flea'blte, n. the red mark caused by a flea, 
FMea'bK-ten, a. stung by fleas ; mean. 

Fleak, n. (S. fiacea) a small lock, 

thread, or twist. 
Fleck, v. (Ger.) to spot ; to streak. 
FleVtion. See Flexion. 
Fledge, a. (S. fieogaii) feathered ; able 

to fly.— v. to furnish with feathers or wings 
Flee, v. (S.JIeon) to run from danger ; 

to depart ; to avoid : p. U and p. p. fled. 
Fleece, n. (S. jlys) the wool shorn from 

one sheep.— clip off; to strip; to plunder. 
Fleeced, a. having a fleece. 
Fleeter, n. one who strips or plunders. 
Fleecy, a. covered with wool ; like a fleece. 

Fleer, v. (Ic.Jlyra) to mock ; to gibe ; 

to leer.— n. mockery ; a deceitful grin. 
Fleer'er, n. a mocker ; a fawner. 

Fleet, n. (S.Jliet) a company of ships. 

Fleet, a. (Ic. Jiiotr) swift of pace ; 
nimble. — fly swiftly; to vanish ; to skim. 

tube, tub, full ; cry, crjpt, myrrh ; toil, b6y, Our, nOw, new; cede, eem, raise, exist, thin. 




Fleet'ly, ad. swiftly ; nimbly. 
Flfiet'ness, n. swiftness ; speed. 
Fleet'fddt, a. swift of foot. 

Flesh, n. (S.flasc) the muscular part 
of the body ; animal food ; human nature ; 
corporeal appetites ; a carnal state ; man- 
kind ; kindred.— v. to initiate ; to glut. 

Fleshed, a. having flesh ; fat. 

Flesh'y, a. full of flesh ; plump. 

Fl6sh'i-ness, n. plumpness ; fatness. 

Flesh'less, a. without flesh. 

Flesh'ly, a. carnal ; not spiritual. 

Flesh'li-ness, n. carnal passions or appetites. 

FlSsh'ment, n. eagerness from initiation. 

Flfish'brush, n. a brush to rub the skin. 

FlSsh'col-our, n. the colour of flesh. 

FleWdl-et, n. food consisting of flesh. 

FleWfly, n. a fly that feeds on flesh. 

Flesh'hook, n. & hook to draw up flesh. 

FISsh'meat, n. animal food. 

Flesh'mon-ger, n. one who deals in flesh. 

FlSsh'pot, n. a vessel for cooking flesh. 

Fletch, v. (Fr. fleche) to feather an 

Fietch'er, n. a maker of bows and arrows. 

Flew, p. t. of fly* 

Flewed, a. chapped ; mouthed. 

Flex'i-ble, a. (L.flexurri) that may be 
bent ; pliant ; yielding ; tractable. 

Flex-i-bll'i-ty, Flex'i-ble-ness, n. the quality 
of being easily bent; easiness to be per- 
suaded ; pliancy. 

Flex'ile, a. easily bent ; obsequious. 

Flex'ion, n. the act of bending ; a turn. 

FlSx'or, n. a muscle which bends a joint. 

.Flex'u-ous, a. winding ; bending ; wavering. 

Flgx'ure, n. a bending ; a joint. 

Flex-an'i-mous, a. changing the mind. 

Flick'er, v. (S. fliccerian) to nutter ; 

to move the wings ; to fluctuate. 
Fllck'er-mOuse, n. a bat. 

Fli'er. See under Fly. 

Flight, flit, n. {S.fliht) the act of 
flying or fleeing ; a flock of birds ; a volley ; 
a sally ; an excursion ; a series of stairs. 

Fllght'y, a. fleeting ; unsettled ; wild. 

FUght'i-ness, n. the state of being flighty. 

Flightshot, n. the distance an arrow flies. 

Flim'flam, n. (Ic.flim) a freak ; a trick. 

Flim'sy, a. (W. Uymsi) weak ; feeble. 
Flim^i-ness, n. weakness of texture. 

Flinch, v. (S. fleonX) to shrink; to 

withdraw from ; to fail. 
Fllnfft'er, n. one who shrinks or fails. 

Fling, v. (S.fleonl) to cast from the 
hand; to throw; to dart; to flounce: 
p. t. and p. p. flung. 

Fling, n. a throw ; a cast ; a gibe ; a sneer. 

Flint, n. (S.) a hard stone ; a stone 

for striking fire ; any thing very hard. 
Fllnt'y, a. made of flint ; hard ; cruel. 
Fllntlieart-ed, a. having a hard heart. 

Flip, n. drink made of beer and spirits. 

Flip'pant, a. (W. llipanu ?) nimble of 
speech ; talkative ; pert ; petulant. 

Fllp'pan-cy, n. talkativeness ; pertness. 
Fllp'pant-ly, ad. in a flippant manner. 

Flirt, v. (S. fleardianl) to throw with 
a jerk; to move suddenly ; to jeer; to run 
about; to coquet. — n. a sudden jerk; a 
jeer ; a pert girl ; a coquette. 

Flir-ta'tion, n. act of flirting ; coquetry. 

Flit, v. (Ic. fliotr) to fly away ; to 

dart along ; to flutter ; to remove. 
Flit'ti-ness, n. unsteadiness ; levity. 

Flitch, n. (S.flicce) the side of a hog 
salted and cured. 

Float, v. (S.fleotan) to swim on the 
surface ; to move lightly ; to cover with 
water. — n. a body swimming on the water ; 
a cork or quill on a fishing-line. 

Floater, n. one who floats. 

Float'y,<2. swimming on the surface ; buoyant. 

Flo'ta, n. (Sp.) a fleet of merchant ships. 

Flo-tlHa, n. a fleet of small vessels. 

Flock, n. (S.flocc) a company of birds 
or beasts.— v. to gather in crowds. 

Flock, n. (L.floccus) a lock of wool. ■ 

Flog, v. (L.flagrum) to whip ; to lash. 

Flood, n. (S.flod) a great flow of water ; 

the sea ; a deluge ; flux.— v. to deluge. 
Floodgate, n. a gate to stop or let out water. 

Flook. See Fluke. 

Floor, n. (S.flor) that part of a build- 
ing or room on which we walk ; a plat- 
form ; a story of a house.— v. to lay a floor 

Flooring, n. the bottom of a building or room. 

Flo'ral, a. (L.flos) relating to flowers. 
Flo'ret, n. a little flower. 
Flo'ri-age, n. bloom ; blossom. 
Fldr'id/ a. covered with flowers ; flushed 
with red ; embellished ; splendid ; brilliant. 
Flo-rld'i-ty, n. freshness of colour. 
Flortd-ly, ad. in a showy manner. 
Fldrfd-ness, n. freshness ; embellishment. 
Flo'rist, n. a cultivator of flowers. 
Flos'cu-lous, a. composed of flowers. 

Flor'in,?!. a coin first made at Florence. 

Flo'ta. See under Float. 

Flounge, v. (D. plonssen) to move 
or struggle with violence ; to deck with 
flounces.— n. a loose trimming. 

Floun'der, v. to struggle with violent motion. 

Floun'der, n. (Ger. flunder) aflat fish. 

Flour, n. (L. flos) the edible part of 
grain reduced to powder ; meal. 

Flourish, v. (L.flos) to grow luxu- 
riantly ; to thrive ; to be prosperous ; to 
use florid language ; to brandish ; to em- 
bellish.— n. vigour; beauty; ostentatious 
embellishment ; a musical prelude. 

Flour'ish-er, n. one who flourishes. 

Flour'ish-ing, a. thriving ; prosperous. 

Flourfsh-ing-ly, ad. ostentatiously. 

Flout, v. (S.flitan) to mock; to insult; 

to sneer.— n. a mock ; an insult. 
Fldut'er, n. one who flouts. 

Fate, fat, far, fall ; me, met, there, her ; pine, pin, field, fir ; note, not, nor, move, sou ; 




Flow, v. (S.flowan) to run as water ; 
to rise as the tide ; to melt ; to proceed ; 
to glide smoothly ; to be full ; to hang 
loose and waving; to inundate.— n. the 
rise of water ; a stream ; abundance. 

Flowing, n. the rise of water. 

Flow'ing-ness, n. a stream of diction. 

Flow'er, n. (L.flos) the blossom of a 
plant ; an ornament ; the prime ; the most 
excellent part. — v. to be in blossom ; to 
adorn with flowers. 

Fldw'er-et, n. a small flower. 

F16w'er-y, a. full of flowers. 

Flov/er-i-ness, n. the being flowery. 

F16w'er-ing, n. state of blossom. 

FlOw'er-less, a. without a flower. 

F16w'er-gar-den, n. a garden for flowers. 

Flown, p.p. of fly. 

Fluc'tu-ate, v. CL.fluo) to roll hither 

and thither ; to be unsteady. 
Fluc'tu-ant, a. wavering; uncertain. 
Fluc-tu-a'tion, n. motion hither and thither ; 

unsteadiness ; violent agitation. 

Flue, n. a chimney or pipe. 

Flu'ent, a. (L. fluo) liquid ; flowing ; 

copious ; voluble. — n. a flowing quantity. 
Flu'en-cy, n. copiousness of speech. 
FlQ'ent-ly, ad. with ready flow; volubly. 
Flu'id, a. running as water; liquid; not 

solid. — n. any thing not solid ; a liquid. 
Flu-ld'i-ty, n. the quality of flowing readily. 
Flu'id-ness, n. the state of being fluid. 

Fluke, n. (S.floc) a flounder. 

Fluke, n. (Ger. pflug) the part of an 
anchor which fastens in the ground. 

Flum'mer-y, n. (W. llymry) a sort of 
jelly ; flattery. 

Flung, p. t. and p.p. of fling. 

Flu'or, n. (L.) a fluid state ; a mineral. 

Fliir'ry, n. (Ger. flugsl) a sudden 
blast; hurry; agitation. -v. to agitate. 

Flush, v. (Ger. fliessen) to flow sud- 
denly; to glow; to redden; to elate. — a. 
fresh ; glowing ; affluent ; conceited. — n. 
flow ; bloom ; growth ; abundance. 

Fkish'ing, n. glow of red in the face. 

Flus'ter, v. (GeY. flugsl) to hurry; to 
be in a bustle or heat.— n. hurry ; agitation. 
Flus'tered, a. heated ; agitated ; confused. 

Flute, n. {L.flatum) a musical instru- 
ment ; a channel in a pillar.— v. to play on 
the flute ; to form channels in a pillar. 

Fliit'ter, v. (D.flodderen) to move the 
wings rapidly ; to move about with bustle ; 
to agitate ; to disorder. — n. quick and irre- 
gular motion ; hurry ; confusion. 

Flut'ter-ing, n. tumult of mind ; agitation. 

Fliix, n. (L. fluxum) the act of flow- 
ing ; issue ; dysentery ; fusion.— v. to melt. 
Flux-a'tion, n. the act of passing away. 
Flux'i-ble, a. that may be fused. 
Flux-i-bll'i-ty, n. the being fiuxible. 
Flux-Il'i-ty, n. possibility of being fused. 
Fluxion, n. the act of flowing ; the matter 

that flows: pi. the analysis of infinitely 

small variable quantities. 
Flux'ion-a-ry, a. relating to fluxions. 
Flux'ion-ist, n. one skilled in fluxions. 
Flux'ive, a. flowing ; wanting solidity. 
Flux'ure, n. the act of flowing ; fluid matter. 

Fly, v. (S.fleogan) to move with wings ; 
to pass swiftly ; to part with violence ; to 
depart ; to escape ; to Suiter _; to shun ; to 
quit ; to cause to fly : p. t. flew ; p.p. flown. 

Fly, n. a small winged insect. 

Fli'er, Fly'er, n. one that flies. 

Fly'blow, n. the egg of a fly. — v. to taint 
with the eggs which produce maggots. 

Fly'boat, n. a light sailing vessel. 

Fly'catch-er, n. one that hunts flies ; a bird, 

Fly'f Ish, v. to angle with flies for bait. 

Fly'flap, n. a fan to keep off flies. 

Fly'ing-flsh, n. a small tish which flies. 

Foal, n. (S.fole) the young of the horse 

or ass. — v. to bring forth a foal. 
Foam, n. (S.fam) froth; spume.— v. 

to froth ; to gather foam ; to be in a rage. 
Foam'y, a. covered with foam ; frothy. 

Fob, n. a small pocket. 

Fob, v. (Ger. foppen) to cheat ; to trick. 

Fo^ile, n. (Fr.focile)the greater or less 

bone of the arm or leg. 
Fo'cus, n. (L.) a point where rays of 

light meet ; a point of convergence : pi. fo'cl. 
Fo'cal, a. belonging to the focus. 

Fod'der, n. (S.) dry food stored up for 

cattle.— v. to feed with dry food. 
Foe,/i.(S./a/z)an enemy ; an adversary. 
Foe'hood, n. enmity. 
Foe'llke, a. like an enemy. 
Foe'man, n. an enemy in war. 

Fce'tus. See Fetus. 

Fog, n. (Ic. fug) a thick mist. 
F0g / gy, a. misty ; cloudy ; dull. 
Fog'gi-ly, ad. mistily ; cloudily ; darkly. 
Fog'gi-ness, n. the state of being foggy. 

Fog, n. ( W. fwg) after-grass. 

Foh, int. (S.fah) an exclamation of 

abhorrence or contempt. 
Fof ble, n. (Fr.) a weakness ; a failing. 

Foil, v. (Fr. affoler) to defeat ; to 
puzzle ; to blunt. — n. a defeat ; something 
to heighten lustre, or set off to advantage ; 
a blunt sword used in fencing. 

Foil, n. (L. folium) leaf; gilding; a 
coat of metal on a looking-glass. 

Foin, v. (L. pungo) to push in fencing. 
— n. a thrust ; a push. 

F6is / on,w.(L./w5io)plenty ; abundance. 

Foist, v. (Fr. fausser) to insert wrong- 
fully, or without warrant. 
Folst'er, n. one who foists. 

Fois'ty. See Fusty. 

Fold, v. (S. fealdan) to double one 
part over another ; to close over another ; 
to inclose ; to shut in a fold.— n. a double ; 
a plait ; an inclosure for sheep. 

tube, tab, full; cry, cr^pt, myrrh; toll, bOJ, Our, nOw, new; fede, gem, raise, exist, thin. 




FOId'er, n. one that folds. 
Fold'ing, n. a doubling; the 7 keeping of 
sheep in folds.— a. closing over another. 

Fo'li-a^e, n. (L. folium) leaves ; a 
cluster of leaves. — v. to furnish with leaves. 

Fo-li-a^eous, a. consisting of leaves. 

Fo'li-ate, v. to beat into leaves. 

Fo-li-a'tion, n. the act of beating into leaves. 

Ff/li-a-ture, n. the being beaten into leaves. 

Fo'li-er, n. goldsmiths' foil. 

Fo'H-o, n. a leaf or page ; a book in which 
the sheet is folded into two leaves. 

Fo'li-ous, a. leafy ; thin ; unsubstantial. 

Fo'li-o-mort. See Feuille-morte. 

Foli-ot, n. (It. foletto) a kind of demon. 

Folk, fok, n. (S.folc) people. 
Folk'land, n. copyhold land. 
Folk'mote, n. a meeting of people. 

F6Tli-cle, n. (L. follis) a little bag ; a 
cavity ; a seed vessel. 

Follow, v. (S.folgian) to go or come 
after ; to pursue ; to attend ; to succeed ; 
to imitate ; to result. 

Foriow-er, n. one who follows ; a disciple. 

Folly. See under Fool. 

Fo-ment', v. (L. fovea) to cherish with 
heat ; to bathe with warm lotions ; to en- 
courage ; to promote ; to instigate. 

Fo-nien-ta/tion, n. the act of fomenting ; a 
warm lotion ; encouragement ; instigation. 

Fo-ment'er, n. one who foments. 

Fond, a. (Tc. faane) foolish ; silly ; 

foolishly tender ; relishing highly. — v. to 

caress ; to dote on. 
Fon'dle, v. to treat with tenderness ; to caress. 
Fondling, n. a person or thing fondled. 
FOnd'ly, ad. foolishly ; with great tenderness. 
FOnd'ness, n. weakness ; foolish tenderness. 

Font, n. (L.fons) a basin for water 

used in baptism. 
Fon'ta-nSl, n. a discharge opened in the body. 

Fon-tange', n. (Ft.) a knot of ribands 

on the liead. 
Food, n. (S. fodd) meat ; victuals ; 

provisions ; any thing that nourishes. 
Fodd'ful, a. full of food ; supplying food. 
Fdod'less, a. not affording food ; barren. 
Food'y, a. fit for food ; eatable. 

Fool, n. (Fr. fol) one of weak under- 
standing ; an idiot ; one who thinks and 
acts unwisely ; a wicked person ; a jester ; 
a buffoon. — v. to trifle ; to deceive. 

Fol'ly, n. want of understanding ; weakness ; 
absurdity ; depravity. 

F661'er-y, n. habitual folly ; an act of folly. 

FooTish, a. void of understanding ; unwise. 

Fool'ish-ly, ad. unwisely ; weakly ; wickedly. 

Fool'ish-ness, n. want of wisdom ; absurdity. 

Fool'born, a. foolish from the birth. 

Fool'hap-py, a. lucky without contrivance. 

FoOl'har-dy, a. daring without judgment. 

Fool'har-di-ness, n. courage without sense. 

Fodl'trap, n. a snare to catch fools. 

Foolscap, n. (folio, shape I) a kind of 

paper of small size. 
Foot, n. (S.fot) the part on which an 

animal stands; that by which any thing 
is supported ; the base ; the end ; a mea- 
sure of twelve inches ; a certain number of 
syllables in a verse : pi. feet. 

Foot, v. to dance ; to walk ; to make a foot. — 
n. infantry ; state ; scheme ; motion ; step. 

Fodt'ed, a. shaped in the foot. 

Foot'ing, n. ground for the foot ; support ; 
foundation ; place ; settlement ; state ; 
entrance ; tread ; dance. 

Fodt'less, a. without feet. 

Football, n. a ball driven by the foot ; the 
sport or practice of kicking the football. 

FoOt'bdy , n. a menial ; an attendant in livery. 

Fodt'breadth, n. the breadth of the foot. 

Foftt'brTdge, n. a bridge for foot passengers. 

FofifclOtn, n. a sumpter cloth. 

Foot'fall, n. a trip of the foot ; a stumble. 

Foot'f Ight, n. a fight or battle on foot. 

Foot'guard^, n. pi. guards of infantry. 

Foot'hold, n. space to hold the foot. 

Foot'llck-er, n. a mean flatterer. 

Foot'man, n. a soldier who marches and 
fights on foot ; a runner ; a servant in livery. 


Foot'pad, n. a highwayman who robs on foot. 

Foot'path, n. a path for foot passengers. 

Foot'post, n. a post that travels on foot. 

Foot'sol-dier, n. a soldier that serves on foot. 

Fdot'stSp, n. trace ; track ; token ; mark. 

Footstool, n. a stool for the feet. 

Fop, n. (L. vappa) a man fond of 
dress and show ; a coxcomb. 

Fop'ling, n. a petty fop. 

F6p'per-y, n. vanity in dress and manners. 

Fftp'pish, a. vain in dress and manners. 

FOp'pish-ly, ad. with foolish vanity. 

F6p'pish-ness, n. foolish vanity in dress. 

Fdp'dod-dle, n. a simpleton ; a fool. 

For, prep. (S.) because of; with re- 
spect to ; in place of ; for the sake of. — 
con. because ; on this account that. 

FGr / as-mu9h, ad. in regard that. 

FtVage, n. (Fr. fourrage) food for 
horses and cattle ; search for provisions. — 
v. to wander in search of provisions ; to 
ravage ; to plunder. 

For'a-ger, n. one who provides food or forage. 

For'a-ging, n. roving in search of provisions. 

Fo-ram'i-nous, a. (L. foro) full of 
holes ; perforated ; porous. 

For-bear', v. (S./or, berari) to cease 
from ; to stop ; to abstain : p. t. for-bore' ; 
p. p. for-borne 7 . 

For-bear'a^e, n. the act of forbearing ; in- 
termission; command of temper ; patience. 

For-bear'er, n. one who forbears. 

For-bid', v. (S. for, biddan) to pro- 
hibit ; to interdict ; to oppose : p. t. for- 
bade' ; p. p. for-bld'den or for-bld'. 

For-bld'danfe, n. prohibition ; edict against. 

For-bld'den, p. a. prohibited ; interdicted. 

For-bld'den-ly, ad. in an unlawful manner. 

For-bld'den-ness, n. state of being forbidden. 

For-bid'der, n. one who prohibits. 

For-bld'ding, p. a. repulsive.— n. hindrance. 

Force, n. (L. fortis) strength ; vigour ; 
might ; violence ; compulsion ; virtue ; 
efficacy ; armament. — v. to compel ; to 
constrain ; to urge ; to storm ; to" ravish. 

Fate, fat, far, fall; me, ioSt, there, her; pine, pin, field, fir; note, ndt, nor, move, sun: 




For'ced-ly, ad. violently ; constrainedly. 
For'fed-ness, n. state of being forced. 
Force'ful, a. violent ; strong ; impetuous. 
Force'less, a. weak ; feeble ; impotent. 
Forcer, n. one that forces. 
For^i-ble, a. strong ; mighty ; violent ; im- 
petuous ; efficacious ; active ; powerful. 
For'ci-blyjOd. strongly ; powerfully ; by force. 
Forcing, n. the act of urging ; compulsion. 

For'^eps, n. (L.) a surgical instrument. 
For'ci-pa-ted, a. formed like pincers. 
For-ci-pa'tion, n. a tearing with pincers. 

Ford, n. (S.) a shallow part of a river. 

— v. to pass a river without swimming. 
Ford'a-ble, a. passable without swimming. 

For-do', v. (S. for, don) to ruin ; to 

Fore, a. (S.) coming or going first; 
not behind.— ad. in the part that goes first. 

Fore-ad-mon'ish, v. (S. fore, L. ad, 
nwneo) to counsel before the event 

Fore-ad-vise' v. (S. fore, Fr. aviser) 
to counsel before the time of action. 

Fore-al-le^e', v. (S.fore, L. ad, lego) 

to mention or cite before. 
Fore-arm', v. (S. fore, L. armo) to arm 

beforehand ; to prepare for attack. 

Fore-bode', v. (S. fore, bodian) to 

foretell ; to foreknow. 
Fore-bod'er, n. one who forebodes. 
Fore-bod'ing, n. perception beforehand ; 


Fore-cast', v. (S.fore, Dan. kaster) to 

contrive beforehand ; to form schemes. 
Fore'cast, n. contrivance beforehand. 

Fore'cas-tle, for'cas-sl, n. (S. fore, 
castd) the fore part of a ship. 

Fore'cit-ed, a (S. fore, L. cito) quoted 
before or above. 

Fore-close', v. (S.fore, L. clausum) to 
shut up ; to preclude ; to prevent. 

Fore-con-^eive', v. (S. fore, L. con, 
capio) to imagine beforehand. 

Fore-date', v. (S. fore, L. datum) to 
date before the true time, 

Fore'deck, n. (S.fore, decan) the fore 

part of a deck or ship. 
Fore-de-sign', for-de-sln', v. (S.fore, 

L. de, signo) to plan beforehand. 

Fore-de-ter'mine, v. (S. fore, L. de, 
terminus) to decree beforehand. 

Fore-doom', v. (S. fore, dom) to doom 
beforehand.— n. previous doom. 

Fore'end, n. (S. fore, ende) the end 
which precedes ; the anterior part. 

Fore-fa'ther, n. (S. fore, feeder) an 

Fore-fend', v. (S.fore, L. defendo) to 

prohibit ; to avert ; to secure. 

Fore'f in-ger, n. (S. fore, finger) the 
finger next the thumb. 

Fore'foot. n, (S. fore, fot) the anterior 
foot of a quadrup'ed. 

Fore'front, n. (S. fore, L. frons) the 
foremost part. 

Fore'game, n. (S. fore, gamen) a first 
game ; the first plan. 

Fore-go', v. (S.fore, gan) to quit; to 

give up ; to resign. 
Fore'go-er, n. one who goes before. 

Foreground, n. (S. fore, grurid) the 
part of a picture which seems to lie before 
the figures. 

Foreliand, n. (S. fore, hand) the part 
of a horse which is before the rider. — a. 
done sooner than is regular. 

ForeTiand-ed, a. early ; timely ; seasonable ; 
formed in the fore parts. 

Fore'headj/i. (S.fore, heafod) the part 
of the face which is above the eyes. 

Fore-hear', v. (S.fore, hyran) to be 
informed before. 

Fore-hew 7 , v. (S.fore, heawan) to cut 

in front. 
Fore-hold'ing, n. (S. fore, healdan) 

prediction ; ominous foreboding. 

Fore'horse, n. (S.fore, hors) the fore- 
most horse in a team. 

For'eign, for'in, a. (L.foris) belonging 
to another nation or country ; alien ; re- 
mote ; extraneous ; not to the purpose. 

FoVeign-er, n. one born in a foreign country; 
not a native ; a stranger. 

FaKeign-ness, n. want of relation. 

Fore-i-mag'ine, v. (S. fore, L. imago) 
to conceive or fancy before proof. 

Fore-judge', v. (S. fore, L. judex) to 
judge before hearing facts and proof. 

Fore-judgement, n. judgment formed before- 

YovQ-'knovr' ,for-TLb' ,v.(S.fore,cnawan) 
to have previous knowledge of; to foresee. 

Fure-know'a-ble, a. that may be foreknown. 

Fore-know'er, n. one who foreknows. 

Fore-knowl'edge, n. knowledge of what is t 
happen ; prescience. 

Foreland, n. (S. fore, land) a pro- 
montory ; a headland ; a cape. 

Fore-lay', v. (S. fore, lecgan) to lay 
wait for ; to prevent ; to lay beforehand. 

Fore-lead'er, n. (S. fore, Icedan) one 
who leads others by his example. 

Forelock, n. (S.fore, loc) the hair on 

the forehead. 
Fore-look', v. (S. fore, locian) to see 

Fore'man, n. (S.fore, man) the first 

or chief person. 

Fore'mast, n. (S.fore, mcest) the mast 
nearest the head of a ship. 

Fore-men'tioned, a. ( S. fore, L. mentio) 
mentioned or recited before. 

tube, tub, full ; cry, crypt, myrrh ; toil, boy, Our, nOw, new, cede, gem, raife, e^ist, thin. 





Fore'most, a. (S. fore, mcest) first in 
place or dignity. 

Fore' moth -er, n. (S. fore, modor) a 
female ancestor. 

Fore'named, a. (S. fore, nama) named 
or mentioned before. 

Fore'noon, n. (S. fore, nori) the time 
from morning to mid-day. 

Fore-no'tice,n.(S./ore, L. noto) notice 
of an event before it happens. 

Fo-ren'sic, a. (L. forum) belonging to 
courts of judicature. 

Fore-or-dain', v. (S. fore, L. ordo) to 

ordain beforehand ; to predestinate. 
Fore-or-di-na'tion, n. predestination. 

Fore'part, n. (S. fore, L. pars) the 
part first in time or place. 

Fore'past,a. (S.fore, L. possum) past 
before a certain time. 

Fore-pos-sessed', a. (S. fore, L. pos- 
sessum) holding formerly in possession. 

Fore-prize', v. (S.fore, L. pretium) to 
rate beforehand. 

Fore-prom'ised, a. (S. fore, L. pro, 
missum) promised beforehand. 

Fore'rank, n. (S.fore, Fr. rang) the 
first rank ; the front. 

Fore-read', v. (S. fore, rcedan) to sig- 
nify by tokens. 
Fore-read'ing, n. previous perusal. 

Fore-re-cit'ed, a. (S.fore, L. re, cito) 
mentioned or recited before. 

Fore-re-mem'bered, a. (S. fore, L. 
memor) called to mind before. 

Fore'right, for'rlt, a. (S. fore, riht) 
ready ; forward ; quickly.— ad. forward. 

Fore-run', v. (S.fore, rennan) to come 
before ; to advance before ; to precede. 

Fore-run'ner, n. a messenger sent before ; a 
harbinger; aprecuisor; a prognostic. 

Fore'sail, n. (S.fore, segel) the sail of 
the foremast. 

Fore-say', v. (S. fore, secgan) to pre- 
dict ; to prophesy ; to foretell. 
Foresaid, a. described or spoken of before. 

Fore-see', v. (S.fore, seon) to see be- 
forehand ; to foreknow. 
Fore-se'er, n. one who foresees. 

Fore-seize', v. (S. fore, Fr. saisir) to 
grasp beforehand. 

Fore-shad'ow, v. (S. fore, scead) to 
signify beforehand ; to typify. 

Fore'ship, n. (S. fore, scip) the fore 
part of a ship. 

Fore-short'en, for-short'n, v. (S. fore, 
snort) to shorten projecting parts of figures 
in drawing. 

Fore-short'en-ing, n. the act of shortening 
projecting parts of figures in drawing. 

Fore-show , v. (S. fore, sceawiah) to 
show or represent beforehand ; to predict. 
FOre-show'er, n. one who foreshows. 

Fore'side, n. (S. fore, side) the front 
side ; a specious outside. 

Fore'sight, for'slt, n. (S.fore, gesight) 

the act of foreseeing ; foreknowledge. 
Fore-slght r ful, a. prescient ; provident. 

Fore-sig'ni-fy, v. (S. fore, L. signum, 
/ado) to betoken ; to foreshow ; to typify. 

Fore'skm, n. (S. fore,scin) the prepuce. 

Fore'skirt, n. (S. fore, Dan. skiort) 
the loose part of a coat before. 

Fore-slack', v. (S. fore, slacian) to 
neglect by idleness. 

Fore-slow', v. (S.fore, slaw) to delay; 
to neglect ; to loiter. 

Fore-speak', v. (S. fore, sprecan) to 

predict ; to foretell ; to forbid. 
Fore-speak'ing, n. a prediction. 

Fore-spent', a. (S. fore, spendan) past ; 
bestowed before ; wasted. 

Fore-spiir'rer, n. (S. fore, spur a) one 
who rides before. 

For'est, n. (Fr.foret) a tract of land 
covered with trees. — a. sylvan ; rustic. 

F&r'est-ed, a. supplied with trees. 

F6r'est-er, n. the 'keeper of a forest ; an in- 
habitant of a forest ; a forest tree. 

For'est-born, a. born wild. 

Fore-stall', v. (S. fore, steal) to take 

beforehand ; to anticipate. 
Fore-staU'er, n. one who forestalls. 

Fore-taste', v. (S. fore, Fr. later) to 

taste before ; to anticipate. 
Foretaste, n. a taste before ; anticipation. 

Fore-teach', v. (S. fore, tcecan) to 
teach before ; to inculcate aforetime. 

Fore-tell', v. (S. fore, tellan) to pre- 
dict ; to prophesy : p. t. and p. p. fore-told'. 
Fore-telKer, n. one who foretells. 
Fore-teiring, n. prediction. 

Fore-think', v. (S.fore, thencan) to an- 
ticipate in the mind ; to contrive before. 
Fore' thought, n. prescience ; provident care. 

Fore-to r ken,fdr-td r kn,n.(S. fore, tacen) 
a previous sign. — v. to foreshow. 

Fore'tooth, n. (S. fore, toth) a tooth 
in the fore part of the mouth. 

Fore'top, n. (S. fore, top) the hair on 
the forehead ; the fore part of a head-dress. 

For-eVer, ad. (S. for, cefer) at all 
times ; eternally ; without end. 

Fore-vouched', a. (S. fore, L. voco) 

affirmed before ; formerly told. 

Fore- warn', v. (S. fore, war man) to 
admonish beforehand ; to caution against. 
Fore-warn'ing, n. previous admonition. 

Fore-wish', v. (S. fore, wiscan) to de- 
sire beforehand. 

Fate, fat, far, fall ; me, m6t, th£re, her; pine, pin, field, fir; note, not, nor, move, son ; 




Fore-worn', a. (S. fore, werian) worn 
out ; wasted by time or use. 

For'feit, v. (L. forts, factum) to lose 
by some offence. — n. fine for an offence. 

Forte it-a-ble, a. subject to forfeiture. 

Forteit-ure, n. the act of forfeiting ; the 
thing forfeited ; a fine ; a mulct. 

For'fex, n. (L.) a pair of scissors. 

For-gave', p. t. of forgive. 

Forge, n. (Fr.) a place where iron is 
wrought ; a place where any thing is made. 
— v. to form by the hammer ; to beat into 
shape ; to counterfeit ; to falsify. 

Former, n. one who forges ; a falsifier. 

For'ger-y, n. the crime of falsifying. 

For-get', v. (S. for, getan) to lose 
memory of ; to neglect : p. t. for-got' ; 
p. p. for-gOt'ten or for-got'. 

For-gSt'ful, a. apt to forget ; heedless. 

For-ggt'ful-ness, n. loss of memory ; neglect. 

For-gSt'ter, n. one who forgets. 

For-ggt'ting-ly, ad. without attention. 

For -give', v. (S./or, gifari) to pardon; 
to remit : p. t. for-gave ; p.p. for-glv'en. 
For-glve'ness, n. the act of forgiving ; pardon. 
For-glv'er, n. one who forgives. 
For-glv'ing, p. a. disposed to forgive. 

For-got', p. t. and p. p of forget. 
For-got'ten, for-got'tn, p.p. of forget 

Fo-rin'se-cal, a. (L. foris, secits) fo- 
reign ; alien. 

Fork, n. (S. fore) an instrument 
divided at the end into two or more points 
or prongs. — shoot into blades; to divide. 

Fork'ed, a. opening into two or more parts. 

Fork'ed-ness, n. the quality of being forked. 

Fork'y, a. opening into two or more parts. 

For-lorn', a. (S./or, leoraii) forsaken; 

helpless ; destitute ; desperate.— n. a lost, 

forsaken, solitary person. 
For-16rn'ness,n.destitution ; misery; solitude. 

Form, n. (L. forma) shape ; figure ; 

beauty ; order ; stated method ; empty 

show ; ceremony. — v. to make ; to shape"; 

to model ; to plan ; to arrange. 
Form, n. a long seat ; a class ; seat of a hare. 
For'mal, a. ceremonious ; precise ; exact ; 

regular ; methodical ; external. 
F6Vmal-ist, n. an observer of forms only. 
For-mal'i-ty, n. ceremony ; order ; method. 
Fortnal-Ize, v. to model ; to affect formality. 
F6r'mal-ly, ad. in a formal manner ; precisely. 
For-ma / tion,n.theact of forming ; production. 
Foi^ma-tive, a. giving form ; plastic. 
For'mer, n. one who forms ; a maker. 
Form'ful, a. ready to form ; imaginative. 
Form'less, a. without regular form ; shapeless. 
For'mu-la, n. a prescribed form or order. 
For'mu-la-ry, n. a book of stated forms. 

For'mer, a. (S./orm) before another 
in time ; mentioned before another ; past. 
For'mer-ly, ad. in time past ; of old. 

For-mi-ca'tion, n. (L. formica) a sen- 
sation as of ants creeping over the skin. 

F6r'mi-da-ble, a. CL.formido) exciting 
fear ; terrible ; dreadful ; tremendous. 

F6r / mi-da-ble-ness, n. the being formidable. 
For'mi-da-bly, ad. in a formidable manner. 

For'ni-cate, v. (L. fornix) to commit 

F6r-ni-ca'tion, n. incontinence or lewdness 

of unmarried persons. 
F6r'ni-ca-tor, who commits fornication. 
For'ni-ca-tress, a. an unmarried woman 

guilty of lewdness. 
For'ray, v. (forage I) to ravage; to 

spoil a country.— ri. the act of ravaging. 

For-sake', v. (S./ar, secan) to leave ; 
to desert : p. t. for-soGk' ; p. p. for-sa'ken. 
For-sak'er, n. one who forsakes. 
For-sak'ing. n. the act of deserting. 

For-sooth', ad. (S./or, soth) in truth. 

For-swear', v. (S./or, swerian) to re- 
nounce or deny upon oath ; to swear 
falsely : p. t. for-swore' ; p.p. for-awora'. 

Fort, n. (L.fortis) a fortified place. 
Fort'ed, a. guarded by forts. 
For'ti-fy, v. to strengthen ; to confirm ; to fix. 
For-ti-fi-ca'tion, n. the science of military 

architecture ; a place buiit for strength. 
FGr'ti-f T-er, n. one who fortifies. 
For'ti-lage, n. a little fort ; a block-house. 
For'tin, n. a little fort to defend a cam]'. 
For'ti-tude,??. courage ; strength to endure. 
Fortress, n. a fortified place. — v. to guard. 

Forth, ad. (S.) forward; onward; 

abroad ; out.— prep, out of. 
Forth-com'ing, a. ready to appear. 
Forth-Is'su-ing, a. coining out. 
Forth-right', ad. straight forward. 
Forth-wlth/, ad. immediately; without delay. 

For'ti-eth. See under Forty. 

the space of two weeks. 

For-tu'i-tous, a. (L. fors) happening 

by chance ; accidental ; casual. 
For-tu'i-tous-ly, ad. by chance; accidentally. 
For-tu'i-tous-ness, n. chance; accident. 
For-tO/i-ty, n. chance ; accident. 

For'tune, n. (L. fortuna) the good or 
ill that befalls man ; chance ; success ; 
event ; estate ; riches ; a portion. — v. to 
befall ; to happen. 

Fortu-nate, a. lucky ; happy ; successful. 

For'tu-nate-ly, ad. luckily ; successfully. 

For / tu-nate-ness, n. good" luck; success. 

Fortuned, a. supplied by fortune. 

Fortune-less, a. luckless ; without fortune. 

Fortune-book, n. a book of future events. 

F6rtune-hunt-er, n. a man who seeks to 
enrich himself by marrying a woman with 
a fortune. 

Fortune-t6ll, v. to pretend to reveal futurity. 

F6rtune-tell-er, n. one who pretends to re- 
veal futurity. 

For'tyja. (S.feower, tig) four times ten. 

Forti-eth, a. the ordinal of forty. 

Fo'rum, n. (L.) a public place in 
ancient Rome where lawsuits were de» 
cided ; a tribunal. 

For'ward, ad. (S.fore, weard) toward 
a part or place before ; onward. — a. ready ; 

tube, tub, full; cry, crypt, myrrh ; toil, bo?, Our, now, new; cede, gem, raise, exist, thin. 




ardent ; bold ; advanced ; quick ; anterior. 

— v. to hasten ; to advance ; to send forward. 
For'ward-ly, ad. eagerly ; hastily ; quickly. 
For'ward-ness, w. eagerness ; quickness ; 

earliness; boldness. 
F6r'ward§, ad. straight before ; progressively. 

For-wea'ry, v. (S. for, werig) to dis- 
pirit with labour. 

Fosse, n. (L. fossum) a ditch ; a moat. 

Fds'sil, a. dug out of the earth. — n. a sub- 
stance dug out of the earth. 

Fos'sil-ist, n. one versed in fossils. 

Fos'ter, v. (S. fostrian) to nurse ; to 

feed ; to support ; to cherish ; to pamper. 
Fos'ter-age, ft. the charge of nursing. 
F6s'ter-er, n. one who fosters ; a nurse. 
FoYter-ing,n.the act of nursing; nourishment. 
F6s'ter-ling, n. a foster-child ; a nurse-child. 
FSs'tress, n. a female who nourishes ; a nurse. 
Fos'ter-broth-er, ft. one nursed at the same 

F6s'ter-chlld, ft. a child nursed or bred by 

one who is not its parent. 
F&s'ter-earth, ft. earth by which a plant is 

nourished, though not its native soil. 
FSs'ter-fa-ther, n. one who brings up a child 

in place of its father. 
Fos'ter-moth-er, F6s'ter-dam, n. a nurse. 
Fos'ter-son, n. one brought up as a son, 

though not a son by nature. 
Foth'er, n. (S.) a weight of lead. 
Fought, fat, p. t. and p.p. of fight. 
Fought'en, p. a. contested ; disputed by arms. 

Foul, a. (S.ful) dirty; filthy; impure; 

muddy ; stormy ; wicked ; unfair ; coarse ; 

gross. — v. to make filthy; to dirty; to 

daub ; to defile. 
F6ully, ad. filthily ; odiously ; not fairly. 
F6ul'ness, ft. filthiness ; impurity; ugliness. 
FOul'faced, a. having an ugly visage. 
F6ul'feed-ing, a. feeding grossly ; gross. 
F6ul'm5uthed, a. using scurrilous language. 
Foul'spo-ken, a. contumelious ; slanderous. 

Fou'mart, n. {foul, marten) a polecat. 

Found, p. t. and p. p. of find. 

Foundling, n. a child deserted or exposed. 

Found, v. (Jj.fundo) to lay the basis 
of ; to build ; to establish ; to fix firmly. 

Fdun-da'tion, n. the basis of an edifice ; 
first principles or grounds; original ; estab- 
lishment ; endowment. 

F6un-da'tion-less, a. without foundation. 

Fftun'der, w. one who founds ; a builder. 

F6un'dress, n. a female who founds. 

Found, v. (L.fundo) to form by melt- 
ing and casting into moulds ; to cast. 
Fftun'der, n. one who casts metals. 
Foun'der-y, ft. a place where metals are cast. 

Foun'der, v. (L.fundo) to sink to the 
bottom ; to fail ; to cause soreness in a 
horse's foot. 

F6un'der-ous, a. failing ; ruinous. 

Fount, Foun'tain,?i.(L./ons) a spring; 

a well ; a jet ; a source ; a first cause. 
F6un'tain-less, a. having no fountain. 
Fflunt'ful, a. full of springs. 
F6un'tain-head, n. primary source. 

Four, a. (S.feower) twice two. 
Fourth, a. the ordinal of four. 
Fourthly, ad. in the fourth place. 
Four'teen, a. four and ten. 
Fourteenth, a. the ordinal of fourteen. 
Fourfold, a. four times as much. 
Four'f66t-ed, a. having four feet. 
Four'score, a. four times twenty ; eighty. 
Foursquare, a. having four equal sides and 

angles ; quadrangular. 
Four'wheeled, a. having four wheels. 

Fowl, n. (S.fugel) a winged animal ; 

a bird. — v. to kiil birds for food. 
Fdwl'er, n. a sportsman who pursues birds. 
FOwFing, n. the act of shooting birds. 
Fowling-piece, n. a gun for shooting birds. 

Fox, n. (S.) an animal remarkable for 

cunning ; a sly cunning fellow. 
Fox'isb, Fox'like, a. cunning; artful. 
FOx'ly, a. having the qualities of a fox. 
Fox'ship, n. the character or qualities of a fox. 
F6x'y, a. belonging to a fox ; wily as a fox. 
FOx'case, n. a fox's skin. 
Fox'chase, n. pursuit of a fox with hounds. 
Fox'hOund, n. a hound for chasing foxes. 
Fox'hunt-er, n. one who hunts foxes. 
Fox'trap, n. a snare for catching foxes. 

Fox, v. (G.foxa) to deceive; to stupify ; 

to intoxicate. 
Fract, v. {L.frango) to break. 
Fraction, n. a breaking ; part of an integer. 
Frac r tion-al, a. belonging to fractions. 
Frac'tious, a. cross ; peevish ; fretful. 
Frac'ture, n. a breaking.— v. to break. 
Fragile, a. easily broken ; brittle ; weak. 
Fra-giri-ty, n. brittleness ; weakness. 
Frag'ment, n. a part broken off; a piece. 
Frag'men-ta-ry, a. composed of fragments. 
Fra'gor, n. a noise ; a crack ; a crash. 

Fra'grant, a. (L. fragrans) having a 

sweet smell ; odorous. 
Fra'grance^ra'gran-fyjn.sweetness of smell. 
Fra r grant-ly, ad. with sweet smell. 
Frail, a. (L. fragilis) weak ; infirm. 
Frail'ness, n. weakness ; instability. 
Frairty, n. weakness ; infirmity. 

Frail, n. a basket made of rushes. 

Frame, v. (S. fremman) to form by 
uniting several parts ; to make ; to fit ; to 
regulate ; to contrive. — n. a structure com- 
posed of parts united ; a fabric ; order ; 
scheme ; contrivance ; shape. 

Franr'er, n. one who frames ; a maker. 

Frame'work, n. work done in a frame. 

Franchise, n. (Fr. franc) privilege ; 

right ; exemption. — v. to make free. 
Fran'chi^e-ment, n. release ; freedom. 


Fran-gi-bll'i-ty, n. state of being frangible. 

Frank, a. (Fr. franc) free ; liberal ; 
open ; ingenuous. — v. to exempt from 
postage. — ft. a letter which pays no postage. 

Frankly, ad. freely ; liberally ; openly. 

Frank / ness,ft.plainness ; openness ; liberality. 

Frank'chase, ft. liberty of free chase. 

Frankln-cense, ft. an odoriferous drug. 

Franklin, n. a freeholder ; a steward. 

Fate, fat, far, fall; mS, ni6t, there, her; pine, pin, field, fir; note, not, nor, mdve, son; 




Frank, n. (Fr. franc) a place to feed 
hags in. — a. fatted.— v. to shut up in a sty ; 
to fatten. 

Fran'tic, a. (Gr. phren) mad ; furious. 

Fran'tic-ly, ad. madly ; distractedly. 

Fra-ter'nal, a. (L. J rater) brotherly. 
Fra-teVni-ty, n. brotherhood ; a society. 
Fra-ter'nlze, v. to associate as brothers. 
Fra-ter-ni-za'tion, n. union as of brothers. 
Frat'ri-clde, n. the murder of a brother ; 
one who kills a brother. 

Fraud, n. (L.fraics) deceit ; artifice. 
Fraud'ful, a. treacherous ; artful. 
Frau'du-lence, Frau'du-len-cy, n. deceitful- 

ness ; trickishness ; proneness to artifice. 
Frau'du-lent, a. full of fraud ; done by fraud. 
Frau'du-lent-ly, ad. by fraud ; deceitfully. 

Fraught, frat, a. (Ger.fracht) laden; 

charged ; filled ; stored. 
Fraught'ap, n. lading ; cargo. 

Fray,n.(Fr.effra?jer) a broil ; a quarrel ; 
a right.— v. to fright ; to terrify. 

Fray, v. (L./nco) to rub ; to wear. 
Fray'ing, n. the peel of a deer's horn. 

Freak, n. (Gev.frech) a whim ; a fancy. 
Freak'ish, a. capricious ; huinoursonie. 
Freak'ish-ness, n. capriciousness. 

Freak, v. (Ger.Jteckl) to variegate. 
FreVkle, n. a yellowish spot in the skin. 
Frec'kled, a. marked with yellowish spots. 
FreVkle-faced, a. having freckles on the face. 

Free, a. (S.freo) having liberty ; not 
enslaved ; unrestrained ; open ; "frank ; 
liberal ; innocent ; exempt. — v. to set at 
liberty ; to rescue ; to clear ; to rid from. 

Freedom, n. liberty ; independence ; privi- 
lege ; exemption ; facility ; frankness ; 
licence ; familiarity. 

Free'ly, ad. with freedom ; frankly; liberally. 

Free'ness, n. the being free ; openness ; can- 
dour; generosity; liberality; gratuitousness. 

Fr6e'b6dt-er, n. a robber ; a plunderer. 

Free'b6ot-ing, n. robbery ; plunder. 

Free'born, a. free by birth. 

Free'cOst, n. freedom from expense. 

FreC-dgn'i-zen, n. a citizen. — v. to make free. 

Frged'man, n. a slave manumitted. 

Frgg'fdot-ed, a. not restrained in marching. 

Freg'heart-ed, a. liberal; generous. 

Freehold, n. property held in perpetual right. 

Free'hOld-er, n. one who has a freehold. 

Free'man, n. one who enjoys liberty; one 
not a slave or vassal ; one possessed of 
peculiar rights or privileges. 

Free' of the fraternityof masons. 

Fre"g'mlnd-ed, a. unperplexed ; without care. 

Fr66'sch661,n.a school where no fees are paid. 

Free'spo-ken, a. speaking without reserve. 

Free'stone, n. a kind of stone easily wrought. 

Free'thlnk-er, n. an unbeliever ; an infidel. 

Free'thlnk-ing, n. unbelief; infidelity. 

Free'tongued, a. speaking freely and openly. 

Free-will', n. the power of directing our own 
actions ; voluntariness ; spontaneousness. 

Fr6e'wdm-an, n. a woman not enslaved. 

Freeze, v. (S.frysan) to be congealed 
by cold ; to harden into ice ; to chill : 
p. t. froze ; p. p. fro'zen. 

Freight, frat, n. (Ger.fracht) the cargo 
or lading of a ship ; the money due for 
transportation of goods. — v. to load a ship 
with goods : p. t. freighted ; p.p. freighted 
or fraught. 

Freightage, n. transportation of goods. 

Freighter, n. one who freights a vessel. 

French, a. belonging to France.— 
n. the people or language of France. 

Fren^ft'i-fy, v. to make French ; to infect 
with the manner of the French. 

Frencft'llke, a. imitating the French. 

Fren'zy, n. (Gr. phren) madness. 
Fre-net'ic, a. mad ; distracted. 
Fren'zi-cal, a. approaching to madness. 

Fre'quent, a. (L.frequens) often done, 

seen, or occurring; full; crowded. 
Fre-quent', v. to visit often ; to resort to. 
Fre'quence, n. crowd; concourse; repetition. 
Fre'quen-cy, n. occurrence often repeated. 
Fre-quent a-ble, a. conversable ; accessible. 
Frg-quen-ta'tion, n. act of visiting; resort. 
Fre-quent'a-tive, a. denoting frequency. 
Fre-quent'er, n. one who frequents. 
Fre'quent-ly, ad. often ; commonly. 

Fres'co, n. (It.) coolness; shade; a 
painting on fresh plaster. 

Fresh, a. (3. feme) cool ; not salt ; 

new; recent; vigorous ; healthy; brisk. 

— n. water not salt ; overflowing of a river. 
Fresh'en, v. to make or crow fresh. 
FrOsh'et, n. a stream oi fresh water. 
Fresh'ly, ad. coolly ; newly; ruddily. 
Fre^h'ness, ;/. the state of heing fresh. 
Fresh/blown, a. newly blown. 
Fresh/man,;?, a novice ; one in the rudiments ; 

one of the youngest class of students. 
FrSsh'man-ship, n. the state of a freshman. 
FrSsh'new, a. wholly unacquainted. 
Fr6sh'wa-ter, a. raw"; unskilled. 
Fresh'wa-tered, a. newly watered. 

Fret, i'. (S. fretan) to corrode; to 
rub ; to wear away ; to achate ; to ve.\ ; 
to form into raised" work ; to variegate.— 
n. agitation ; irritation; raised work; the 
stop which regulates the vibrations of & 
musical instrument. 

FreVful, a. disposed to fret ; peevish. 

FreYful-ness, n. peevishness ; ill-humour. 

FrSt'ting. n. agitation; commotion. 

Fri'a-ble, a. (L.frio) easily crumbled. 
Frl-a-bll'i-ty, n. the quality of being easily 
crumbled or reduced to powder. 

Frl'ar, n. (L. frater) a brother of 

some monastic order ; a monk. 
Fri'ar-ly, Frl'ar-llke, a. like a friar. 
Frl'ar -y, n. a monastery. — a. like a friar. 

FriVble, v. CL. frivol us) to trifle; to 

totter. — a. trifling; silly; frivolous. 
Frlb'bler, n. a trifler. 

Fric-as-see', n. (Fr.) a dish made by 
cutting chickens, rabbits, or other small 
animals in pieces, and dressing them in 
strong sauce.— v. to dress in fricassee. 

Fri-ca'tion,7z. (L.frico) act of rubbing. 
Frlc'tion, n. the act or effect of rubbing. 

tube, tub, fail ; cr?, crvpt, myrrh ; toil, boy, our, now, new; cede, gem, raise, exist, thin. 





Fri'day, n. (S. /rig-dceg) the sixth day 
of the week. 

Friend, n. (S. freond) one joined to 
another by affection ; an intimate acquaint- 
ance ; a companion ; a favourer. — v. to 
favour ; to countenance ; to support. 

Friend'ed, a. inclined to love ; well disposed. 

Friendless, a. without friends ; destitute. 

Friendlike, a. like a friend ; kind. 

Friendly, a. having the disposition of a 
friend"; kind ; favourable ; amicable ; salu- 
tary. — ad. in the manner of a friend. 

Friendli-ness, n. disposition to friendship. 

Friend'ship,n.intimacy united with affection ; 
personal kindness ; affinity ; assistance. 

Frieze, Frize, ?i. (Fr. frise) a coarse 
woollen cloth; the flat member between 
the architrave and the cornice. 

Friezelike, a. resembling a frieze. 

Frig'ate, n. (Fr. /r eg ate) a ship of 
war smaller than a ship of the line. 

Fright, frit, v. (S./rihtan) to terrify; 

to daunt ; to dismay. — n. sudden terror. 
Frlghfen, v. to terrify ; to shock with dread. 
Frlght'ful, a. terrible ; dreadful. 
Frlght'ful-ly, ad. dreadfully ; horribly. 
Frlght'ful-nesSjtt. quality of impressing terror. 

Frig'id, a. (L./rigeo) cold ; dull. 
Fri-gldl-ty, n. coldness ; dulness. 
Frlgld-ly, ad. coldly ; dully. 
Frlg-o-rlflc, a. causing cold. 

Fringe, n. (Fr. frange) an ornamental 
border of loose threads ; edge ; margin. — 
v. to adorn with fringes. 

Frln'gy, a. adorned witn fringes. 

Frlnge'mak-er, n. a manufacturer of fringes. 

Frip'per, n. (Fr. j riper) a broker. 
Frlp'per-y, n. old clothes ; a place where old 
clothes are sold. — a. trifling ; contemptible. 

Frisk, v. (Ger. frisch) to leap ; to 
skip ; to gambol. — n. a frolic. — a. lively. 

Frlsk'al, n. a leap ; a caper. 

Frlsk'er, n. one who frisks ; a wanton. 

Frlsk'ful, a. full of gaiety. 

Frlsk'ing, n. frolicsome dancing. 

Frlsk'y, a. frolicsome ; gay ; airy. 

Frlsk'et, n. a frame to confine the sheets of 
paper in printing. 

Frith, ?i. (L. /return) a narrow pass- 
age of the sea ; an estuary. 

Frith, n. (W.ffrith) a woody place. 
Frlth'y, a. woody. 

Frit'ter, n. (L. frictum) a small piece 
cut to be fried.— v. to cut or break into 
small pieces. 

Friv'o-lous, a. (L. frivolus) slight ; 

trifling ; of little worth or importance. 
Fri-voll-ty, n. trifiingness. 
FrIv'o-lous-ly,ad. trifiingly ; without weight. 
Frl v'o-lous-ness, n. want of importance. 

Frizz, v. (Fr. /riser) to curl ; to crisp. 
Fri-^eur 7 , n. (Fr.) a hair-dresser. 
Frlz'zle, v. to curl.— n. a curl. 

Fro, ad. (S. /ra) backward. 

Frock, n. (Fr. /roc) a kind of coat ; a 
gown for children ; a dress. 

Frog, n. (S. froga) a small amphibious 
animal ; a kind of tassel. 

Frol'ic, «. (S. /reo, lie) gay ; full of 

levity. — n. a prank. — v. to play pranks. 
Frdl'ic-ly, ad. with mirth and gaiety. 
Frol'ic-ness, n. wild gaiety ; pranks. 
Frolic-some, a. full of wild gaiety. 
Froric-some-ness, n. wild gaiety ; pranks. 

From, prep. (S. /ram) noting priva- 
tion, distance, absence, or departure. 

Frond, n. (L. /rons) a leafy branch. 
Fron-da'tion, n. a lopping of trees. 

Front, n. (h./rons) the forehead ; the 

face ; the van of an army ; the fore part of 

any thing.— v. to oppose face to face ; to 

stand foremost. 
Frdnt'al, a. relating to the forehead. — n. any 

thing applied to the forehead. 
Front'ed, a. formed with a front. 
FrOn'tier, n. the limit ; the border ; the 

utmost verge of a country.— a. bordering. 
Fron'tiered, a. guarded on the frontiers. 
Front'less, a. void of shame ; impudent. 
Frontlet, n. a bandage worn on the forehead. 
Front'bdx, n. a box in the theatre from 

which there is a direct view of the stage. 
Frfin'lis-piece, n. an ornament or picture 

fronting the first page of a book. 
Front'rodm, n. a room in the fore part of a 


Frop'pish, a. peevish ; froward. 

Frore, a. (D. vroor) frozen. 
Fro r ry, a. frozen ; like hoar-frost. 

Frost, n. (S. forst) the power or act 
of freezing ; a fluid congealed by cold. 

Frost'ed, a. as if covered with hoar-frost. 

Fr6st r y, a. producing or containing frost ; 
resembling frost ; very cold ; hoary. 

Frostl-ly, ad. with frost ; very coldly. 

Fr6st'blt-ten, a. nipped by the frost. 

Frost'nail, n. a nail driven into a horse's shoe, 
to prevent it from slipping on the ice. 

Frdsfwork, n. work resembling hoar-frost. 

Froth, n. (Gr. aphros) foam ; spume ; 
empty show. — v. to foam ; to cause to foam. 
Fr6th/y, a. full of foam ; soft ; .empty. 
Frdthl-ness, n. the being frothy ; emptiness. 

Frounce, v. (Fr. /r oncer) to frizzle ; 

to curl. — n. a curl ; a wrinkle ; a plait. 
Frounce'less, a. without wrinkle. 

Froii'sy, a. fetid; musty; dim; cloudy, 

FroVard, a. (S./ra, weard) perverse; 

peevish ; refractory ; ungovernable. 
Fro'ward-ly, ad. perversely ; peevishly. 
Fro^ard-ness, n. perverseness ; peevishness. 

Fro'wer, n. a cleaving tool. 

Frown, v. (Fr. /r oncer X) to look 

stern. — n. a look of displeasure. 
Fr6wn'ing-ly, ad. with a look of displeasure. 

Fro'zenjfro'zn, p. p. of freeze. — a. con- 
gealed ; cold ; chill ; subject to frost. 
Fro'zen-ness, n. the state- of being frozen. 

Fate, fat, far, fall; me, met, there, her> pine, pin, field, fir; note, not, nCr, move, son; 




Fruc'ti-fy. See under Fruit. 

Fru'gal, a. (L.fruges) thrifty ; sparing; 

economical ; not lavish. 
Fru-gal'i-ty, n. thrift ; economy. 
Fru'gal-ly, ad. thriftily; sparingly. 
Fru-glf'er-ous, a. bearing fruit. 

Fruit, n. (L . fructus) the product of 
a tree or plant in which the seed is con- 
tained, or which is used for food ; the off- 
spring of an animal ; production ; effect 
or consequence. — v. to produce fruit. 

Fruc / ti-fy, v. to make fruitful ; to bear fruit. 

Fruc-ti-fi-c-a'tion, n. the act of fructifying. 

Fruc-tu-a'tion, n. product ; fruit. 

Fruc'tu-ous, a. fertile ; causing fertility. 

Fruit'age, n. fruit collectively ; various fruits. 

Fruit'er-er, n. one who trades in fruit. 

Fruit'er-y.n.fruit collectively; a place forfruit. 

Fruit'ful, a. fertile ; prolific ; plenteous. 

Fruit'ful-ly, ad. abundantly; plenteously. 

Fruit'ful-ness, n. fertility; productiveness. 

Fruitless, a. barren ; vain ; unprofitable. 

Fruit'less-ly, ad. vainly ; idly ; unprofitably. 

Fruit'less-ness, n. barrenness ; vanity. 

Fruit'bear-er, n. that which produces fruit. 

Fruit'bear-ing, a. producing fruit. 

Fruit'grove, n. a plantation of fruit-trees. 

Fruit'tree, n. a tree that produces fruit. 

Fru-T'tion, n. (L.fruitum) enjoyment. 
Fru'i-tive, a. enjoying ; possessing. 

Fru'men-ty, n. (L. frumentum) food 

made of wheat boiled in milk. 
Frump, v. to mock. — n. a joke. 
Frush, v. (Fr. froisser) to bruise. 

Frustrate, v. (L.frustra) to defeat; 
to disappoint ; to nullify. — a. vain ; in- 
effectual ; null; disappointed. 

Frus-tra'ne-ous, a. vain ; unprofitable. 

Frus-tra'tion, n. disappointment; defeat. 

Frus'tra-to-ry,a.that makes void. 

Frus'tum, n. (L.) a piece of a solid 

body cut off. 
Fru'ti-cantjcr. (L./n/to)full of shoots. 

Fry, v. (L.friffo) to dress in a pan on 
the fire ; to be roasted in a pan ; to melt. 
— ft. a dish of any thing fried. 

Fry'ing-pan, n. a pan for frying food. 

Fry, nXYr.frai) a swarm of little fishes. 

Fub, v. (Ger.foppen) to delay ; to cheat. 

Fii'cus, n. (L.) paint ; disguise. 
Fu'cate, FQ'cat-ed, a. painted; disguised. 

Fud'dle, make drunk ;to intoxicate- 

Fud'dler, ft. a drunkard. 

Fudge, int. an expression of contempt. 

Fu'el, n. {Ft. feu) the matter or ali- 
ment of fire. — v. to feed with combustible 
matter ; to store with firing. 

Fu'el-ler, n. one that supplies fuel. 

Fu-ga'cious, a. (L. fugio) flying away. 

Fu-ga'cious-ness, n. quality of flying away. 

Fu-gac'i-ty, n. volatility; uncertainty. 

Fu'gi-tive, a. apt to fly away ; volatile; un- 
stable ; fleeting ; wandering ; perishable. 
— n. a runaway ; a deserter. 

Fu'gi-tive-ness, n. volatility; instability. 

Fugue, fug, n. a succession or repetition of 
parts in a musical composition. 

Fugh, int. (S. fah) an expression of 

Fiircrum, n. (L.) a prop ; a support. 

Ful'ci-ment, n. a prop ; a support. 

Ful-fiT, v. (S.full,fyllan) to accom- 
plish ; to perform ; to complete. 

Ful-f Il'ler, n. one who fulfils. 

Ful-f Il'ling, n. completion ; accomplishment. 

Ful-f Il'nient, n. accomplishment ; perform- 
ance ; completion ; execution. 

Ful'£ent,a. (L.fulgeo) shining; bright, 
Ful'gor, n. splendour ; dazzling brightness. 
Ful'gu-rant, a. lightening; flashing. 
Ful'gu-rate, v. to emit flashes of light. 
Ful-gu-ra'tion, ft. the act of lightening. 

Fu-K^'i-nous, a. (L. fuligo) sooty. 
Fu-llg'i-nous-ly, ad. in a sooty state. 
Fu'li-mart. See Foumart. 

Full, a. (S.) having no empty space ; 
replete; abounding; supplied; plump; 
saturated ; complete ; large ; strong ; ma- 
ture. — n. complete measure ; the whole. — 
ad. quite ; exactly ; directly. 

Ful'ly, ad. completely ; entirely. 

Ful'ness, n. the state of being full ; com- 
pleteness ; abundance ; satiety ; plenty. 

Full'a-corned, a. fed full with acorns. 

Fuli'blocmied, a. having perfect bloom. 

Full'blown, a. fully expanded or distended. 

Full'b6t-tomed, a. having a full bottom. 

Full'but, ad. directly and with violence. 

FuH'charged, a. charged to the utmost. 

FuH'crammed, a. crammed to satiety. 

Full'dressed, a. dressed in form. 

Full'drlve, a. driving with full speed. 

Full'tared, a. having heads full of grain. 

Full'fed, a. fed to fulness ; sated ; fat. 

Fuirfraught. a. fully stored. 

FuH'gorged, a. too much fed. 

Full'grown, a. completely grown. 

FuH'heart-ed, a. full of confidence. 

Full'hflt, a. heated to the utmost. 

Full'la-den, a. laden to the full. 

Full'nianned, a. fully furnished with men. 

Fa>rinouthea\ a. having a strong voice. 

FuirSrbed, a. having the orb complete. 

Full'sprgad, a. spread to the utmost extent. 

Full'stom-acbed, a. crammed in the stomach. 

FuH'stuffed, a. filled to the utmost extent. 

FuH'summed, a. complete in all its parts. 

Full'wlnged, a. having large or strong wings. 

Full, v. (S. fullian) to cleanse and 

thicken cloth in a mill. 
Full'er, ft. one whose trade is to full cloth. 
Full-er's-earth/, n. a kind of clay. 
FuH'ing-mlll, n. a mill for fulling cloth. 

Fiirmi-nate, v. (L.fulmen) to thunder; 

to explode ; to denounce. 
Ful-ini-na'tion, n. the act of fulminating. 
Ful'mine, v. to thunder; to speak with power. 

Fu.Vsome.aXS.fuI) nauseous ; offensive. 
Ful'some-ly, ad. nauseously ; offensively. 
Ful'some-ness, n. nauseous'ness ; foulness. 

FuTvid, a. (L.fulvus) yellow ; tawny. 

tube, tub, full ; cry, crypt, myrrh ; toil, boy, 5ur, now, new ; cede, gem, rai^e, exist, thin. 




Fumble, v. (D. fommeleri) to attempt 

awkwardly ; to handle much ; to puzzle. 
Fum'bler, n. one who fumbles. 
Fum'bling-ly, ad. in an awkward manner. 

Fume, n. {h.fumus) smoke ; vapour; 
rage ; idle conceit. — v. to smoke ; to rage. 
Fu-ma'do, n. a smoked fish. 
Fu'ma-to-ry, Fu'mi-ter, n. a plant. 
Fu-mette', n. the scent of meat. 
Fu'mid, a. smoky ; vaporous. 
Fu'mi-gate, v. to smoke ; to perfume. 
Fu-mi-ga'tion, n. scent raised by smoke. 
Fo/ming, n. the act of scenting by smoke. 
Fu'ming-ly, ad. angrily ; in a rage. 
Fu'mish, a. smoky; hot; choleric. 
Fu'mous, Fu'niy, a. producing fumes. 

Fu'met, n. (L. fimus) the dung of deer. 

Fun, n. (S. faegen ?) sport ; merriment. 
Fun'ny, a. droll ; comical. 

Fu-nam'bu-list, n. (L. funis, ambulo) 

a rope-dancer. 
Fu-nam'bu-la-to-ry, a. like a rope-dancer. 

Function, n. (L. functus) employ- 
ment ; office ; occupation ; power. 
Func'tion-a-ry, n. the who holds an office. 

Fund, n. (L. funda) stock ; capital ; 
money lent to government. — v. to place in 
a fund. 

Fun'da-ment, n. (L. fundo) founda- 
tion ; the lower part of the body ; the seat. 

Fun-da-mSnt'al, a. serving for the founda- 
tion ; essential ; important. — n. a leading 
principle ; an essential part. 

Fun-da-ment'al-ly,ad.essentially ; originally. 

Fu'ner-al, n. (L.funus) burial ; inter- 
ment. — a. pertaining to burial ; mourning. 
Fu-ne'bri-al, a. belonging to funerals. 
Fu-ner-a'tion, n. the act of burying. 
Fu-ne're-alja.relatingto a funeral ; mournful. 
Fu-nest', a. doleful ; lamentable. 

Fiin'gus, n. (L.) a mushroom ; an ex- 
Funge, n. a blockhead ; a dolt ; a fool. 
Fun-g6s'i-ty, n. soft excrescence. 
Fun'gous, a. excrescent ; spongy. 

Funk, n. an offensive smell. — v. to 

emit an offensive smell. 
Fun'nel, n. (W. fynel) an inverted 

cone with a pipe ; a passage ; the shaft of 

a chimney. 
Fur, n. (Fr. fourrer) skin with soft 

hair ; soft hair.— a. made of fur. — v. to 

cover with fur. 
Fur'ri-er, n. a dealer in furs. 
Fur'ri-er-y, n. furs in general. 
Fur'ry, a. covered with fur ; consisting of fur. 
Fur'be-low, n. fur or trimming round the 

lower part of a woman's dress. — v. to adorn 

with furbelows. 
Fiir'wrought, a. made of fur. 
Furtrish, v. (Fr. fourbir) to burnish ; 

to polish ; to rub to brightness. 
Fur-ca/tion, n. (L. furca) division 

like a fork. 
Fur'dle, v. (Fr.fardeau) to draw up 

into a bundle. 

Fur'fur, n. (L.) husk ; scurf ; dandruff. 

Fu'ri-ous. See under Fury. 

Furl,u. (Fr. ferler) to draw or wrap up. 

Furlong, n. (S. fur, lang) a measure 
of length ; the eighth part of a mile. 

Furlough, fiirlo, n. (D. verlof) a 
temporary leave of absence. 

Fiir'men-ty. See Frumenty. 

FuVnace, n. (L.fornax) a place for 
melting metals ; an inclosed fireplace. 

Fur'nish, v. (Fv.fournir) to supply; 
to store ; to fit up ; to equip. 

Fur'nish- er, n. one who furnishes. 

Fur'nish-ing, n. a sample ; a show. 

Fur'ni-ture, n. moveables ; goods; equipage. 

Fur'row, n. (S. fur) a small trench 
made by a plough. — v. to cut in furrows. 

Fiir'row-faced, a. having a" wrinkled face. 

Furrow-weed, n. a weed growing on ploughed 

Fur'ther, a. (S. forth) at a greater 
distance. — ad. to a greater distance. — v. to 
promote ; to advance ; to assist. 

Fur'ther-ance, n. promotion ; advancement. 

Fur'ther-er, n. a promoter ; an advancer. 

Furthest, a. at the greatest distance. 

Further-more, ad. moreover ; besides. 

Fur'tive, a. (L.fur) stolen. 

Fu'ry, n. (L. furo) madness ; rage ; 

passion ; frenzy ; a raging woman. 
Fu'ri-ous, a. mad ; raging ; violent. 
Fu'ri-ous-ly, ad. madly; violently. 
Fu'ri-ous-ness, n. madness ; frenzy. 
Fu'run-cle, n. an angry pustule ; a boil. 
Fu'ry-llke, a. raving; raging; violent. 

Furze,w. (S./#rs)a prickly shrub ; whin. 
Furz'y, a. overgrown with furze. 

FuYcous, a. (L.fuscus) brown ; dark. 

Fuse, v. (L. fusum) to melt; to liquefy. 
Fu^i-ble, a. that may be melted. 
Fu-§i-Ml'i-ty, n. quality of being fusible. 
Futile, a. capable of being melted ; flowing. 
Fusion, n. the act of melting ; fluidity. 

Fu-see', n. (h.fusus) the cone round 
wh'ich the chain of a watch is wound. 

Fu-see' n. (Fr.) a musket ; a pipe for 

firing a bomb. 
Fu-§il', fu-ze', n. a musket ; a firelock. 
Fu-§i-leeV, n. a soldier armed with a musket. 

Fuss, n. (S. fus) a bustle ; a tumult. 

Fust,w.(Fr./wO the shaft of a column; 

a strong smell. — v. to become mouldy. 
Fust'ed, a. mouldy ; having a bad smell. 
Fust'y, a. ill-smelling ; mouldy. 
Fust'i-ness, n. mouldiness ; bad smell. 

Fiist'ian, n. (Fr. futaine) a kind of 
cloth ; an inflated style of writing ; bom- 
bast. — a. made of fustian ; bombastic. 

Fust'ian-ist, n. a writer of bombast. 

Fus'tic,?i.(L./ws^s)a kind of dye- wood. 

Fiis'ti-gate, v. (L. fustis) to cudgel. 
Fus-ti-ga'tion, n. a beating with a cudgel. 

Fate, fat, far, fall; me, met, there, her; pine, pin, field, fir; note, not, nor, move, son ; 




Fu'tile, a.(L.futilis)tY\fimg ; worthless. 
Fu-tll'i-ty, n. triflingness ; want of weight. 

Fu'ture, a. (L. futurus) that is to be 

or come hereafter. — n. time to come. 
Fu'ture-ly, ad. in time to come. 
Fu-tu-rl'tion, n. the being future. 
Fu-tQ'ri-ty, n. time or event to come. 

Fuzz, v. to fly out in small particles. 
Fuzz'ball, n. a kind of fungus. 

Fuz'zle, v. to make drunk. 

Fy, int. (S. fiari) a word which ex- 
presses blame, dislike, or contempt. 

Gab, v. (S. gabban) to talk idly; to 

prate.— n. loquacity. 
Gab'ble, v. to talk without meaning; to 

utter inarticulate sounds.— n. talk without 


Gab'ar-dine, n. (Sp. gabardina) a 
coarse frock ; a mean dress. 

Ga'bel, n. (Fr. ga belle) a tax. 
Ga'bel-ler, n. a collector of taxes. 

Gal>i-on, n. (Fr.) a basket filled with 
earth, used in fortification. 

Ga'ble, n. (Ger. giebel) the triangular 
end of a house. 

Gad, n. (S.) a wedge; a stile or graver. 
Gad'fly, n. a fly that stings cattle. 

Gad, v. (S. gan ?) to ramble about. 
Gad'der, n. one who goe3 about idly. 
Gad'ding, n. a going about. 
Gad'ding-ly, ad. in a gadding manner. 

Gaelic, n. (L. Gallia) a dialect of the 
Celtic language. — a. pertaining to the 
Gaelic language. 

Gaffer, n. (S. gefera) an old rustic. 

Gaf He, n. (S. gajfas) a lever to bend 
a cross-bow ; an artificial spur for a cock. 

Gag, v. (S. coeg) to stop the mouth. — 

n. something to stop speech. 
Gag'ger, n. one who gags. 

Ga^e, n. (Fr.) a pledge ; a pawn ; a 
measure ; a rule. — v. to pledge ; to measure. 

Gag'gle, v. (D. gaggelen) to make a 

noise like a goose. 
Gangling, n. a noise made by geese. 

Gai'e-ty. See under Gay. 

Gain, v. (Fr. gagner) to obtain; to 
win ; to attain ; to have advantage or 
profit ; to advance.— n. profit ; advantage. 

Gain'er, n. one who gains. 

Gain'ful, a. advantageous ; lucrative. 

Gain'ful-ly, ad. profitably ; advantageously. 

Gain'ful-ness, n. profit ; advantage. 

Gain'less, a. unprofitaole ; of no advantage. 

Gain'less-ness, n. unprofitableness. 

Gain'ly, ad. handily ; readily ; dexterously. 

Gain'giv-ingjTi. (against, give) a giving 
against ; a misgiving. 

Gain'say, v. (against, say) to contra- 
dict ; to oppose ; to dispute ; to deny. 
Gain'say-er, n. one who contradicts. 
Gain'say-ing, n. opposition. 

Gai'rish. See Garish. 

Gait, n. (D. gaf) a way ; march; the 

manner and air of walking. 
Gait'ed, a. having a particular gait. 

Gai'ter, n. (Fr. guttre) a covering of 
cloth for the leg.— v. to dress with gaiters. 

Gala, n. (Sp.) show ; festivity. 

Ga-lage'. See Galoche. 

Gal'ax-y, n. (Gr. gala) the milky way ; 
a splendid assemblage. 

Gall)a-num, n. (L.) a resinous gum. 

Gale, n. (Ir. gal) a strong wind. 

Gale-a-ted, a. (L. galea) covered as 
with a helmet. 

GaTen-ism, n. the doctrine of Galen. 
Ga-len'ic, Ga-len'i-cal, a. relating to Galen, 

or his method of treating diseases. 
Gal'en-ist, n. a follower of Galen. 

Gall,n.(S.^a//a)the bile; anything very 
bitter; bitterness of mind; rancour; anger. 
Gal'less, a. without gall or bitterness. 
Gall'y, a. like gall ; bitter as gall. 
Gal'some, a. angry ; malignant. 

Gall, v. (Fr. galer) to fret the skin by 
rubbing ; to tease ; to vex. — n. a slight hurt. 

Gall, n. (L. galla) an excrescence on 
the oak tree. 

Gallant, a. (Fr.galant) gay; splendid; 

brave ; high-spirited ; noble ; courtly. 
Gal-lant', a. polite and attentive to ladies.— 

n. a gay, sprightly man ; a wooer.— v. to 

pay attention to ladies. 
Gal'lant-ly, ad. bravely ; nobly ; splendidly. 
Gal'lant-ness, n. elegance ; accomplishment. 
Gallant-ry, n. show ; bravery ; nobleness ; 

polite attention to women ; lewdness. 

Galler-y, n. (Fr. galerie) a passage 
leading to several apartments ; a balcony 
round a building ; a long room. 

Galley, n. (L. galea) a vessel navi- 
gated with sails and oars ; a place of toil 
and misery. 

Gare-as, n. a heavy low-built vessel. 

Gal'le-on, n. a large Spanish ship. 

Gal'li-ot, n. a small galley. 

Galley-foist, n. a barge of state. 

Gal'ley-slave, n. a person condemned to row 
in the galleys. 

Galllard, a. (Fr. gaillard) brisk ; gay ; 

lively.—*, a gay man ; a sprightly dance. 
Galliard-i^e, n. merriment ; gaiety. 
Gariiard-ness, n. gaiety; cheerfulness. 

Gallic, GaHi-can,a.(L.G r a//ia)French. 
GalTi-cism, n. a French idiom. 

Gal-li-gasldns, n. pi. (L. caligce, Vas- 
conum) large open hose. 

tube, tfib, fail ; cry, crypt, myrrh ; toil, boy, Our, n6w, new ; cede, gem, raise, exist, thin. 




Gal-li-ma'tia, n. (Fr. galimatias) non- 
sense ; talk without meaning. 

Gal-li-mau'fry, n. (Fr. galimafree) a 
hotch-potch ; a hash ; a medley. 

Gal-li-na'geous, a. (L.gallus) denoting 
birds of the pheasant kind. 

Galli-pot, n. (clay, poll) a small 
earthen pot painted and glazed. 

Gallon, n. (L. lagenaX) a liquid mea- 
sure of four quarts. 

Gal-loon', n. (Fr.galori) a kind of close 

Gallop, v. (Fr. galop) to move forward 
by leaps ; to move very fast. — n. the swiftest 
motion of a horse. 

Gal'lop-er, n. one that gallops. 

Gallow, v. (S. gcelan) to terrify. 

Gallo-way, n. a horse of small size, 
originally from Galloway in Scotland. 

Gallow-glass, n. an ancient Irish 

Gallows, n. (S. galga) a beam on 

which malefactors are hanged. 
Gal'low§-frge, a. exempt from being hanged. 
Gal'low§-tree, n. the tree of execution. 

Ga-loche,ga-losh', n. (Fr.) a shoe vvorn 
over'another shoe. 

Gal'va-nism, n. (It. Galvani) a species 

of electricity. 
Gal-van'ic, a. pertaining to galvanism. 
Gal'van-Ize, v. to affect by galvanism. 

Ga-mash'es, n. pi. short spatterdashes 
worn by ploughmen. 

Gam-ba'does, n. pi. (It. gamba) spat- 

Gam'ble. See under Game. 
Gam-boge', n. a gum resin, from 
Cambogia or Cambodia. 

Gambol, v. (It. gamba) to dance ; to 
skip ; to frisk. — n. a skip ; a leap ; a frolic. 

Gam'brel, n. the leg of a horse. — v. to tie by 
the leg. 

Game, w.(S.#<zmerc) sport ; jest ; a match 
at play ; scheme ; animals pursued in the 
field. — v. to play ; to play for money. 

Gam'ble, v. to play for money. 

Gam'bler, ft. one who plays for money. 

Game'some, a. frolicsome ; sportive. 

Game'ster, n. one addicted to play. 

Gam'ing, n. the practice of playing for money. 

Game'cock, n. a cock bred to fight. 

Game'kegp-er, n. one who protects game. 

Gam'ing-h6use, n. a house for gaming. 

Gam'ing-ta-ble, ft. a table used for gaming. 

Garn'mer, nXS.gemeder) an old woman. 

Gam'mon, n. (It. gamba) the thigh or 
buttock of a hog salted and dried. 

Gam'mon. See Backgammon. 

Gam'ut, n. (Gr. gamma) the scale of 
musical notes. 

G&nch,v.(It.gancio)to drop upon hooks. 

Gan'der, n. (S. gandra) the male of 
the goose. 

Gang,w.(S.)a troop; a company; a band. 
Gang'way, n. a passage ; a thoroughfare. 
Gang'week, n. rogation week. 

Gan'gli-on, n. (Gr.) a tumor in the 
tendinous parts. 

Gan'grene, n. (Gr. gangraina) a mor- 
tification. — v. to become mortified. 
Gan'gre-nate, v. to produce a gangrene. 
Gan'gre-nous, a. mortified ; putrefied. 

Gantlet, Gantlope,w. {T).gant,loopen) 
a military punishmentin which the criminal, 
running between the ranks, receives a lash 
from each man. 

Gan'za, n. (Sp.) a kind of wild goose. 

§raol, n. (Fr. geole) a prison ; a place 
of confinement. — v. to imprison. 

GaoFer, n. a keeper of a prison. 

<^aol-de-hVer-y, n. the judicial process which 
clears gaols by trying the prisoners. 

Gape, gap, v. (S. geapan) to open the 
mouth wide ; to yawn ; to open ; to crave. 
Gap, n. an opening ; a breach ; a hole. 
Gap'er, n. one who gapes. 
Gap'tdothed, a. wide between the teeth. 

Garb, n. (Fr. garbe) dress ; clothes ; 
habit ; fashion of dress; exterior appearance. 

Garbage, n. bowels ; offal ; refuse. 

Garble, v. (L. cribello) to sift; to 

pick out what may suit a purpose. 
Gar'bler, n. one who garbles. 

Garl)oil, n. (It. garbuglio) tumult. 

Gar'den, gar'dn, n. (Ger. garten) a 
piece of ground inclosed for the cultivation 
of herbs, flowers, and fruits. — v. to culti- 
vate a garden ; to lay out a garden. 

Gar r den-er, n. one who cultivates a garden. 

Gar'den-ing, n. the cultivation of a garden. 

GarMen-mould, n. mould fit for a garden. 

GarMen-plSt, n. a plot laid out in a garden. 

Gar'gar-Ize, v. (Gr. gargarizo) to wash 

the mouth with medicated liquor. 
Gar'ga-rism, n. a wash for the mouth. 

Gar'get, n. (L. gurges) a distemper in 


Gar'gle, v. (Ger. gurgel) to wash the 
throat. — n. a liquor for washing the throat. 

Garish, a. (S.gearwian) gaudy ; showy. 
Gartsh-ly, ad. gaudily ; splendidly. 
Gar'ish-ness, ft. gaudiness ; showy finery. 

Garland, n. (Fr. guirlande) a wreath 
of branches or flowers.— v. to deck with a 

Garlic, n. (S. garleac) a plant. 
Gar'lic-eat-er, n. a mean fellow. 

Gar'ment, n. (Fr. garnir) a covering 
for the body ; clothes ; dress. 

Gar'ner, n. (L. granum) a place where 
grain is stored. — v. to store as in a garner. 

Fate, fat, far, fall; me, m6t, thSre, her; pine, pin, field, fir; note, not, nOr, m6ve, son; 




Gar'net, n. (L. granum) a mineral or 
gem of a red colour. 

Gar'nish, v. (Fr. garnir) to adorn ; to 
embellish. — n. ornament ; embellishment. 
Gar'nish-ment, n. ornament ; embellishment. 
GaVni-ture, n. furniture ; ornament. 

Ga'rons, a. (L. garum) resembling 
pickle made of 

Gar'ret, n. (Fr. guerite) a room on 

the floor immediately under the roof. 
Gar'ret-ed, a. protected by turrets. 
Gar-ret-eer 7 , n. an inhabitant of a garret. 

Gar'ri-son, n. (Fr. garnisori) soldiers 
for the defence of a town or fort ; a forti- 
fied place.— v. to place soldiers in garrison ; 
to secure by fortresses. 

Gar'ron, n. (Ir.) a small horse. 

Gar'ru-lous, a. (L. garrio) talkative. 
Gar-ru'li-ty, n. talkativeness; loquacity. 

Gar'ter, n. (G. gartur) a string or 
riband to hold up" the stocking ; the badge 
of an order of knighthood.— v. to bind with 
a garter; to invest with the garter. 

Gas, n. (S. gast) an aeriform fluid. 
Gas'e-ous, a. having the form of gas. 
Ga-s6m'e-ter, n. an instrument to measure 
gas ; a reservoir of gas. 

Gas'con, n. a native of Gascony. 
Gas-con-ade', n. a boast. — v. to boast. 

Gash, v. (Fr. hacher ?) to cut deep. — 

n. a deep cut ; a gaping wound. 
Gash'ful, a. full of gashes ; hideous. 

Gastrins. See Galligaskins. 

Gasp, v. (Dan. gisper) to open the 
mouth to catch breath.-/*, a catch for 

Gast, v. (S.) to frighten ; to terrify. 
Gast'ness, n. fright ; amazement. 
Gast'ly. See Ghastly. 

Gas'tric, a. (Gr. gaster) belonging to 

the belly or stomach. 
Gas-trll'o-quist, n. one who speaks as if his 

voice came from another person or place. 
Gas-trdn'o-my, n. the science of good eating. 

Gat, p. t. of get. 

Gate, n. (S. peat) the door of a city 
or large building ; a frame which opens 
and closes the passage into an inclosure ; 
an opening ; a way. 

Gat'ed, a. having gates. 

Gate'way, n. the way through a gate 

Gath'er, v. (S. gaderian) to collect ; to 
assemble ; to pick up ; to pluck ; to pucker ; 
to deduce ; to increase ; to generate matter. 
— n. a pucker ; cloth drawn together. 

Gath'er-a-ble, a. that may be gathered. 

Gath'er-er, n. one who gathers. 

Gath'er-ing, n. an assembly; a collection. 

Gaud, n. (h.gaudeo) a pleasing trifle; 

a toy ; a bauble. — v. to exult ; to rejoice. 
Gaud'ed, a. decorated ; coloured. 
Gaud'er-y, n. finery; ornaments. 
Gaud'y, a. showy ^ostentatiously fine. 

Gaud'i-ly, ad. showily; finely. 
Gaud'i-ness, n. showiness ; finery. 

Gauge, v. (Fr.jauge) to measure capa- 
city or power. — n. a measure ; a standard. 
Gau'ger, n. one who measures vessels. 

Gaulish, a. relating to Gaulov France. 

GaunfA. See Ganch. 

Gaunt, a. (S. gewanian X) thin ; lean. 

Gauntlet, n. (Fr.gant) an iron glove. 

Gauze, n. (Fr. gaze) a kind of thin 
transparent silk. 

Gave, p, t. of give. 

Gav'el-klnd, n. (S. gifan, eall, cyn) a 
tenure by which lands descend from a 
father to all his sons in equal portions. 

Gav'ot, n. (Fr . gavotte) a kind of dance. 

Gawk, 7i. (S. gcEc) a cuckoo ; a fool. 
Gawk'y, a. awkward ; ungainly ; clownish. 

Gay, a. (Fr.#ai) airy ; cheerful ; merry ; 
fine; showy; specious. — n. an ornament. 
Gay'e-ty, GaPe-ty, n. cheerfulness ; finery. 
Gay'ly, G&i'ly, ad. merrily ; cheerfully; finely. 
Gay'ness, n. cheerfulness ; finery. 
Gay'some, a. full of gaiety. 

Gaze, v. (S. gesean) to look intently and 
earnestly. — ». intent regard ; a fixed'look. 

Gaze'ful, a. looking intently. 

Gaze'ment, n. view. 

Gflz'er, n. one who gazes. 

Gaze'hound, n. a hound which pursues by 
the eye, and not by the scent. 

Gaz'ing-stock, n. a person or object gazed at. 

GsL-zel\n.(Fi\gazelle) an Arabian deer 

Ga-zette', n. (It. gazzetta) a news- 
paper.— v. to insert in a gazette. 

GAz-et-te eV, n. a writer or publisher of news ; 
a newspaper ; a geographical dictionary. 

Gear, n. (S. gearwian) ~ furniture ; 

accoutrements; ornaments; stuff; goods. 

Geese, pi. of goose. 

QeTa-tme, (^e-lat'i-nous, a. (L. gelu) 
formed into a jelly ; resembling jelly. 

Geld, v. (S. gylte) to castrate. 
G£ld'er, n. one who gelds. 
Geid'ing, n. a castrated horse. 

§reTid, a. (L. gelu) very cold. 

GeTly. See Jelly. 

pem, n. (L. gemma) a jewel ; a pre- 
cious stone ; a bud.— t*. to adorn with 
jewels ; to put forth the first buds. 

Gem'ma-ry, a. pertaining to gems or jewels. 

(^rgm'me-ous, a. of the nature of gems. 

(^rem'niy, a. resembling gems. 

(jjem'el, n. (L. gemellus) a pair, 
pem'i-nate, v. (L. gemino) to double, 
(^em-i-na'tion, n. repetition ; reduplication. 
G§m'i-nl, n. (L.) oneof the signs of the zodiac 
(^enr'i-nous, a. double ; existing in pairs. 
Gem'i-ny, n. twins ; a pair ; a couple. 

tube, tub, full; crj, crypt, myrrh ; tdll, b6^, Our. now, new ; cede, gem, raise, exist, thin. 




^en'der, n. (L. genus) a kind ; a sex ; 
distinction of sex. — v. to beget ; to produce. 

^ren-e-al'o-gy, n. (Gr. genos, logos) 
history of tlie descent of a person or family. 
GSn-e-a-lOg'i-cal, a. pertaining to descent. 
<^Sn-e-al'o-gist, n. one who traces descents. 

£ren'er-al, a. (L. genus) relating to a 
whole kind or order ; public ; common ; 
usual ; compendious. — n. the whole ; the 
commander of an army. 

(^ren-er-al-Is'si-mo, n. the supreme com- 
mander ; the commander in chief. 

^^n-er-ari-ty, n. the main body ; the bulk. 

(Jfen'er-al-lze, v. to reduce to a genus; to 
arrange under general heads. 

(jren-er-al-i-za'tion, n. the act of generalizing. 

(jfen'er-al-ly, ad. in general ; commonly. 

<£en'er-al-ness, n. wide extent ; commonness. 

<^ren'er-al-ship, n. the conduct of a general. 

(^en'er-al-ty, n. the whole ; the totality. 

^re-neVic, (^e-ner'i-cal, a. pertaining to a 
genus or kind. 

(^fe-neVi-cai-ly, ad. with regard to the genus. 

^xen'er-ate, v. (L. genus) to beget ; to 
produce ; to cause ; to propagate ; to form. 

Gen'er->a-ble, a. that may be produced. 

^rgn'er-ant, n. the productive power. 

(jJen-er-a'tion, w. the act of begetting; a 
race ; offspring ; a single succession ; an age. 

Gen'er-a-tive, a. producing ; prolific. 

Gen'er-a-tor, n. one who produces. 

^ren'i-tal^, n. pi. the parts of generation. 

<^en'i-tive, a. applied to a case of nouns ex- 
pressing property or possession. 

(jien'i-tor, n. a sire ; a father. 

^ren'i-ture, n. generation ; birth. 

£en'er-ous, a. CL.genus) of honourable 
birth; noble; magnanimous ; liberal ; strong. 
<^en-er-6s'i-ty, n. magnanimity ; liberality, 
(^en'er-ous-ly, ad. nobly ; liberally. 
<^ren'er-ous-ness, n. quality of being generous. 

^ren'e-sis, n. (Gr.) the first book of 

£en'et, n. (Fr.) a small Spanish 
horse ; an animal of the weasel kind. 

^en-eth-li'a-cal, a. (Gr.genethle) per- 
taining to nativities. 

(jre-ngth-li-at'ic, n. one who calculates na- 

^xe-ne'va, n. (Fr. genevre) a spirit 
distilled from grain or malt, with juniper 

^re'ni-al, a. (L. gigno) causing pro- 
duction ; natural ; enlivening ; gay. 
Ge'ni-al-ly, ad. naturally ; cheerfully. 

(Jre-nic'u-lat-ed, a. (L* genu) jointed. 
<^re-nIc-u-la'tion, n. a jointing; knottiness ; 
the act of kneeling. 

^re'ni-us, n. (L.) peculiar turn of mind; 
great mental power ; a man of great 
mental power ; nature ; disposition. 

(^e'ni-us, n. a spirit : pi. ge'ni-I. 

^en-teeT, a. (L.gens) polite ; elegant ; 
civil ; graceful ; elegantly dressed. 

(^en-teeriy, ad. elegantly ; politely. 

<^en-teel'ness, n. elegance ; politeness. 

^en-tll'i-ty, n. dignity of birth ; elegance of 
behaviour ; gracefulness of mien ; gentry. 

(Jren'tle, a. well-born ; mild ; meek. 

£en'tle-ness, n. dignity of birth ; mildness. 

(Jren'tly, ad. softly ; meekly ; tenderly. 

Qren'try, n. a class of people above the vulgar. 

Gen'tle-folk, n. persons above the vulgar. 

<^ren'tle-man, n. a man raised above the 
vulgar by birth, education, or profession. 

<^ren'tle-man-llke, (^en'tle-man-ly, a. becom- 
ing a gentleman ; honourable ; polite. 

GeVtle-man-ship, n. quality of a gentleman. 

<^Sn'tle-w6m-an, n. a woman above the 
vulgar ; a female attendant. 

(Jxen'tian, n. (L. gentiana) a plant. 

^en'tile, n. (L. gens) a pagan ; a hea- 
then. — a. belonging to pagans or heathens. 

(^en'til-ish, a. heathenish; pagan. 

<^en'til-isjn, ft. heathenism ; paganism. 

§ren-ti-H'tious, a. peculiar to a people or 
nation ; national ; hereditary. 

<^en'til-Ize, v. to live like a heathen. 

^ren-u-flec'tion, n. (L. genu,flecto) the 
act of bending the knee." 

(jxen'u-ine, a. (L. genuinus) free from 
adulteration ; not spurious ; real ; true. 

<^6n'u-ine-ly, ad. without adulteration ; truly. 

<^rSn'u-ine-ness, n. freedom from adultera- 
tion ; purity ; reality ; natural state. 

(Jxe'nus, n. (L.) a class of beings com- 
prehending many species : pi. gen'er-a. 

^e-o-cen'tric, a. (Gr. ge, kentron) 

having the earth for its centre, 
fle'ode, n. (Gr. ge) earth-stone. 

(Jre-o-det'i-cal, a. (Gr. ge, daio) re- 
lating to the art of measuring surfaces. 

§re-og'ra-phy, n. (Gr. ge, grapho) a 
description of the earth ; a book containing 
a description of the earth. 

(pre-6g / ra-pher, n. one versed in geography. 

(Jre-o-graph'i-cal, a. relating to geography. 

£e-o-graph'i-cal-ly, ad. in a geographical 
manner ; according to geography. 

<^e-ol'o-gy,7i. (, logos) the science 
which treats of the structure of the earth. 

Ge-o-16g'i-cal, a. relating to geology. 

(Jire-Ol'o-gist, n. one versed in geology. 

(jre'o-man-cy, n. (Gr. ge, manteia) 

divination by figures or lines, 
(jire'o-man-cer, n. a fortune-teller ; a diviner. 
£e-o-man'tic, a. pertaining to geomancy. 

§Te-om'e-try, n. (Gr. ge, metron) the 
science which treats of the dimensions of 
lines, surfaces, and solids. 

(^e-Oin'e-ter, n. one skilled in geometry. 

(^g-o-met'ric, £e-o-meVri-cal, a. pertaining 
to geometry ; according to geometry. 

Ge-o-met'ri-cal-ly ,ad. according to geometry. 

^re-Om-e-trl'cian, n. one skilled in geometry. 

£e-dm'e-trlze, v. to perform geometrically. 

§re-o-pon'ics, n. pi. (Gr. ge, ponos) the 
art or science of cultivating the earth. 

Fate, fat, far, fall ; me, m6t, there, her ; pine, pin, field, fir ; note, n6t, nor, m6ve, son ; 




Ge-o-p<5n'i-cal, a~ relating to agriculture. 
(Jreor^e, n. a figure of St George worn 

by knights of the garter ; a brown loaf. 
(Jxeor'^ic, a. (Gr. ge, ergon) relating 

to agriculture. — n. a rural poem, 
peor'^i-um Si'dus, n. (L.) one of the 

planets, called also Herschel or Uranus. 

£er'fal-con, jer'fa-kn, n. (Ger. geier, 
falke) a bird of prey. 

£erm, n. (L. germen) a sprout ; a 

shoot ; the seed-bud of a plant ; origin. 
GeVmi-nant, a. sprouting ; branching. 
GeVmi-nate, v. to sprout ; to shoot; to bud. 
^rer-mi-na'tion, n. act of sprouting ; growth. 

^Jer'man,/!. (L. germanus) a brother ; 
one nearly related. — a. related. 

^er'man, n. a native of German?/; 
the language of the Germans. — a. relating 
to the people or language of Germany. 

Ger'man-ism, n. a German idiom. 

Qer'und, n. (L. gerundium) a kind of 
verbal noun in Latin grammar. 

(Jxest, n. (L. gesturri) a deed ; a show. 
GeYtic, a. legendary ; historical. 

Ges-tii'tion, n. (L. gestum) the act of 

bearing the young in the womb. 
GeVta-to-ry, a. that may be carried. 

^es-tic'u-late, v. (L. gestum) to make 

gestures or motions ; to act ; to imitate. 
Ges-tlc-u-la'tion, n. the act of gesticulating ; 

gestures; motions; antic tricks. 
Ges-tlc'u-la-tor, n. one who gesticulates. 
Ges-tIc'u-la-to-ry,a. representing by gestures. 
(^eYture, n. action or posture expressive of 

sentiment ; movement of the body.— v. to 

accompany with action. 

Get, v. (S. getan) to procure ; to ob- 
tain ; to gain ; to receive ; to acquire ; to 
learn : p. t. g&t ; p.p. got or got-ten. 

Get'ter, n. one who gets or obtains. 

Get'ting, n. acquisition ; gain ; profit. 

Gew'gaw, n. (S.gegaf) a showy trifle ; 
a toy ; a bauble.— a. showy without value. 

Ghastly, gasfly, a. (S. gast) like a 

ghost ; pale ; dismal ; horrible. 
Ghast'ful, a. dreadful ; frightful ; dismal. 
Ghast'ful-ly, ad. frightfully; dreadfully. 
Ghastli-ness, n. frightful aspect ; paleness. 

Ghost,gost, n. (S.gast) the soul ; a spirit. 
Ghost'less, a. without spirit or life. 
Ghost'ly, a. relating to the soul ; spiritual. 
Ghostlike, a. withered ; ghastly. 

(Jrl'ant, n. (Gr. gigas) a man of extra- 
ordinary stature. 
Gl'ant-ess,w.a female of extraordinarystature. 
^Srl'ant-llke, Gl'ant-ly, a. huge ; vast ; bulky. 
Gi'ant-ship, n. quality or character of a giant. 
^Srl-gan-te'an, a. like a giant ; irresistible. 
<^i-gan'tic, a. like a giant ; very large. 

Gib, n. an old worn out animal. 
Glb'cat, n. a he-cat ; an old cat. 

Gibl)er,v. (S.gabban)to speak rapidly 
and inarticulately. 

GlbHaer-ish, n. talk without meaning.— -a. un- 
meaning; unintelligible. 

^rib'bet, n. (Fr. gibet) a gallows. — 
v. to hang and expose on a gibbet. 

Gib'bous, a. (L. gibbus) convex ; pro- 
tuberant ; swelling ; crook-backed. 
Gib-bOs'i-ty, n. convexity ; protuberance. 
Glb'bous-ness, n. convexity; protuberance. 

§ribe, v. (S. gabban) to sneer ; to scoff; 

to taunt ; tb deride.— n. a scoff; a taunt. 
Glb'er, n. a sneerer ; a scoffer, 
^rlb'ing-ly, ad. scornfully; contemptuously. 

(Jxiblets, n. pi. (Fr.gibierl) the parts of 
a goose which are cut off before it is roasted. 

Gid'dy, a. (S. gidig) having in the 

head a sensation of circular motion ; whirl- 
ing ; inconstant ; heedless.— v. to make 
giddy ; to render unsteady. 

Gld'di-ly, ad. inconstantly ; carelessly. 

Gld'di-ness, n. the state of being giddy. 

Gld'dy-brained, a. careless ; thoughtless. 

Gld'dy-head, n. one without thought. 

Gld'dy-head-ed, a. heedless; unsteady. 

Gld'dy-paced, a. moving irregularly. 

Gier'ea-gle, n. (Ger. geier, L. aquila) 
* a kind of eagle. 

Gift. See under Give. 

Gig, n. (Fr. gigue) any thing whirled 
round ; a light carriage drawn by one 
horse ; a ship's boat ; a dart or harpoon. 

£i-gan'tic. See under Giant. 

Gig'gle, v. (S. geagl) to laugh idly ; 

to titter. — ft. a kind of laugh. 
Glg^ler, ft. one who giggles ; a titterer. 

GiglotjTi^S.^tf^o/) a wanton ; a lasci- 
vious girl. — a. giddy ; inconstant ; wanton. 

£ig'ot, n. (Fr.) the hip- joint. 

Gild, v. (S. gildan) to overlay with 
gold ; to adorn with lustre ; to brighten ; 
to illuminate : p. t. and p. p. gild'ed or gilt. 

Glld'er, n. one who gilds. 

Glld'ing, n. the art of overlaying with gold ; 
gold laid on the surface for ornament. 

Gilt, n. gold laid on the surface. 

Gill, n. (L. aula) the organ of respi- 
ration in fishes ; the flap below the beak 
of a fowl ; the flesh under the chin. 

Gill, n. (Ic. gil) a fissure in a hill. 

(pill, n. the fourth part of a pint ; 

ground-ivy ; malt liquor medicated with 

ground-ivy ; a wanton girl. 
Glll'hOuse, n. a house where gill is sold. 

pilly-flow-er, n.(Fr.girojlee) a flower. 

£ini 'crack, n. a trivial mechanism , 

Gimlet, Gim'blet, n. (Fr. gibelet) a 
borer with a screw at the point. 

Gim'mal, n. device or machinery. 
Glni'mer, n. movement ; machinery. 

Gimp, n. a kind of silk lace. 

tube, tQb, iull ; cry,cr?pt, myrrh ; toil, b&y 

6ur, n5w, new; gede, gem, raise, exist, thin. 




§rin, n. (engine) a trap ; a snare. — 
v. to catch in a trap. 

(xin, n. (Fv.genevre) a distilled spirit, 
pm'ger, n. (L. zingiber) a plant or 

root of a hot spicy quality. 
Gln'ger-bread, n. a sweet cake. 

^rin'^er-ly, ad. cautiously ; nicely, 
frm'gi-val, a. (L. gingiva) belonging 
to the gums. 

§rin'gle, v. (Ger. klingen) to emit or 
cause a sharp tinkling noise. — n. a sharp 
tinkling noise. 

Gm'gly-moTd, a. (Gr. ginglumos,eidos) 
resembling a hinge. 

frip'sy, n. (Egyptian) one of a race of 

vagabonds supposed to have come origi- 
nally from India ; a name of slight reproach 
to a woman. — a. denoting the language of 
the gipsies ; denoting any jargon. 
Glp'sy-i§m, n. the state of a gipsy. 

Gird, n. (S. gyrd i) a twitch ; a pang. — 
v. to break a scornful jest ; to gibe ; to sneer. 
Gird'er, n. a satirist. 

Gird, v. (S. gyrdan) to bind round; 

to invest ; to dress ; to encompass : p. t. 

and p. p. gird'ed or girt. 
Gird'er, n. the principal timber in a floor. 
Gird'ing, n. a covering. 
Girdle, n. a band ; a belt ; inclosure ; the 

zodiac. — bind aswith a girdle; to inclose. 
Gird'ler, n. a maker of girdles. 
Girt, n. a circular bandage ; compass. 
Girth, n. a band by which a saddle is fixed 

on a horse; compass.— bind witha girth. 

Girl, n. (L. gerula ?) a female child ; 

a young woman. 
Girl'hodd, n. the state of a girl. 
Girrish, a. suiting a girl ; youthful. 

Git'tern. See Cithern. 

Give, v. (S.gifan) to bestow; to confer; 
to yield ; to grant ; to allow ; to utter. 

Gift, n. a thing given ; the act of giving ; 
an offering ; a bribe ; power ; faculty.— v. to 
endow with any power or faculty. 

Glft'ed, a. endowed with eminent powers. 

Glft'ed-ness, w. the state of being gifted. 

Glv'er, n. one who gives ; a donor. 

Glv'ing, n. the act of bestowing. 

§rives. See Gyve. 

Giz'zard, n. (Fr. gesier) the strong 
musculous stomach of a fowl. 

Gla'brous, a. (L. glaber) smooth. 

Gla'£i-ate,r.(L.<7/«£i£s)to turn into ice. 
Gla'51-al, a. icy ; consisting of ice ; frozen. 
Gla-ci-a'tion, n. the act of turning into ice. 
Gla'fi-er, n. a field or mass of ice. 
Gla'fi-ous, a. icy ; resembling ice. 

Gla/cis, n. (Fr.) a sloping bank. 

Glad, a. (S. glad) cheerful ; pleased ; 
gay; bright. — v. to make glad ; to exhilarate. 
Glad' den, v. to make glad ; to delight. 
Glad'der, n. one that makes glad. 
Glad'ly, ad. with gladness ; joyfully. 

Glad'ness, ; cheerfulness; exhilaration. 
Glad'some, a. pleased ; gay; causing joy. 
Glad'some-ly, ad. with joy ; with delight. 
Glad'some-ness, w. joy ; delight. 

Glade, w. (Ic hlad\) an opening in a 

Glad'i-a-tor, n. (L. gladius) a sword- 
player ; a prize-fighter. 
Glad-i-a-to'ri-al, a. relating to prize-fighters. 
Glad'i-a-to-ry, a. belonging to prize-fighters. 
Glad'i-a-ture, n. sword-play ; fencing. 

Glair, n. (S. glare) the white of an 
egg ; any viscous transparent substance. 

Gla're-ous, a. consisting of viscous trans- 
parent matter. 

Glan$e, n. (Ger. glanz) a sudden shoot 
of light ; a darting of the eye ; a quick view. 
— v. to dart a sudden ray of light ; to look 
with a rapid cast of the eye ; to fly off 
obliquely ; to hint. 

Glan'cing, n. censure by oblique hints. 

Glan'cing-ly, ad. by glancing ; transiently. 

Gland, n. (L. glans) an organ formed 
by the convolution of a number of vessels. 
Glan'du-lar, a. pertaining to the glands. 
Glan'dule, n. a small gland. 
Glan-du-lOs'i-ty, n. a collection of glands. 
Glan'du-lous, a. pertaining to the glands. 
Glan'ders, n. a contagious disease in horses. 
Glan'dered, a. having glanders. 

Glan-dif'er-ous, a. (L. glans, fero) 

bearing acorns or mast. 
Glare, v. (D. glaren) to shine with a 

dazzling light.— n. a bright dazzling light. 
Glaring, a. notorious ; barefaced. 
Glar'ing-ly, ad. notoriously ; evidently. 

Glare. See Glair. 

Glass, n. (S. glees) a hard, brittle, 
transparent substance ; a glass vessel ; a 
mirror ; a telescope. — a. made of glass. — 
v. to cover with glass. 

Glas'sy, a. made of glass ; like glass. 

Glas'si-ness, n. smoothness, like glass. 

Glaze, v. to furnish or cover with glass ; to 
incrust with a vitreous substance ; to over- 
lay with something smooth and shining. 

Glaz'en, a. resembling glass. 

Gla'zier, n. one who glazes windows. 

Glaz'ing, n. vitreous substance. 

Glass'blow-er, n. one who fashions glass. 

Glass'ful, n. as much as a glass holds. 

Gla8s , ftir-na9e, n. a furnace for making glass. 

Glass'gaz-ing, a. finical ; conceited ; vain. 

Glass'grlnd-er, n. one who polishes glass. 

Glass'hOuse, n. a house where glass is made. 

Glasslike, a. resembling glass ; clear. 

Glass'man, n. one who sells glass. 

Glass'inSt-al, n. glass in fusion. 

Glass'work, n. a manufactory of glass. 

Glass'wdrt, n. a plant used in making glass. 


Glau'cous, a. (Gr. glaukos) of a sea- 
green colour. 

(Have, Glaive, n. (L. gladius) a broad 
sword ; a falchion ; a lance. 

Gla'ver, v. (W. glafr) to flatter. 
Gla"ver-er, n. a flatterer. 

Fate, fat, far, fall; me, m6t, there, her; pine, pin, field, fir; note, n6t, n6r, move, son; 




Glay'more. See Claymore. 

Glaze. See under Glass. 

Gleam, n. (S.) a shoot of light ; a ray; 
brightness.— v. to shine suddenly ; to flash. 
Gleam'ing, n. a sudden shoot of light. 
Gleain'y, a. flashing ; darting light. 

Glean, v. (Fr. glaner) to gather after 
reapers ; to gather what is thinly scattered. 
— n. a collection made by gleaning. 

Glean'er, n. one who gleans. 

Glean'ing, n. act of gleaning ; thing gleaned. 

Glebe, n. (L. gleba) turf ; soil; ground; 
land belonging to a parish church or benefice. 
Gle'by, a. turfy; cloddy. 

Glede, n. (§. glida) a kind of hawk. 

Glee, n. (S. gleo) joy ; merriment ; 
gaiety ; a sort of song or catch sung in parts. 
Glee'ful, a. gay ; merry ; cheerful. 
Glee'man, n. a musician ; a minstrel. 
Glee'some, a. full of merriment ; joyous. 

Gleek, n. (S. glig) music; a scoff; a 
game at cards.— v. to sneer ; to gibe. 

Gleen, v. (Gr. glenos \) to shine. 

Gleet, n. (S. glidan) a thin matter run- 
ning from a sore.— v. to ooze ; to run slowly. 
Gleet'y* <*>- thin ; limpid. 
Glen, n. (S.) a valley ; a dale. 
Glew. See Glue. 

Glib, a. (L. glaberl) smooth ; voluble. 

— v. to make smooth ; to castrate. 
Gllb'ly, ad. smoothly ; volubly. 
Gllb'ness, n. smoothness ; volubility. 

Glide, v. (S. glidan) to flow gently ; 
to move swiftly and smoothly. — n. the act 
of moving swiftly and smoothly. 

GUd'er, n. one that glides. 

Glim'mer, v. (Ger. glimmen) to shine 
faintly. — n. a feeble light ; a mineral. 

Gllm'mer-ing, n. faint or imperfect view. 

Glimpse, n. a faint light ; a flash of light ; a 
short transitory view ; short fleeting enjoy- 
ment.—!;, to appear by glimpses. 

Glis'ten, glis'sn.v.(S. glisian) to shine; 

to sparkle with light. 
Glls'ter, v. to shine ; to be bright.— n. lustre. 

GKt'ter, v. (S. glitenari) to shine ; to 
sparkle ; to gleam. — n. lustre ; splendour. 
Gllt'ter-ing, n. lustre; gleam. 

Gloat, v. (Sw. glutta) to stare with 
eagerness or desire. 

Globe, n. (L. globus) a round body ; a 
ball; asphere; the earth.— t'.to gather round. 
Glo-bo§e', Glo'bous, a. round ; spherical. 
Glo-b6s'i-ty, n. roundness ; sphericity. 
Glob'ule, n. a small round particle or body. 
Glob'u-lar, a. in the form of a sphere ; round. 
GlOb'u-lous, a. in the form of a small sphere. 
Glo'by, a. round ; orbicular. 

Glom'er-ate, v. (L. glomus) to gather 

into a ball or sphere. 
Glom-er-a'tion, n. act of forming into a ball. 

G166m,7i.(S.<7fo77mrc<7>partial darkness; 
obscurity; melancholy; sullenness.— v. to be 
dark ; to be melancholy ; to look dismally 

Gldom'y, a. obscure ; dismal ; melancholy. 

Gloom'i-ly, ad. dimly ; dismally ; sullenly. 

Gloom'i-ness, n. obscurity; melancholy. 

Glo'ry, n. (L. gloria) praise ; honour ; 

renown ; splendour.— v. to boast ; to exult. 
Glo-ri-a'tion, n. boast ; triumph. 
Glc/ri-fy, v. to make glorious; to praise; to 

extol ; to honour ; to exalt to glory. 
Glo-ri-fi-ca'tion, n. elevation to glory. 
Glo'ri-ous, a. noble ; illustrious ; excellent. 
Glo'ri-ous-ly, ad. splendidly; illustriously. 
Glo'ri-ous-ness, n. state of being glorious. 
Glo'ry-ing, n. the act of exulting. 

Gloss, n. (S.glesan) a comment; super- 
ficial lustre ; a specious interpretation. — 
v. to explain by comment ; to make smooth 
and shining ; to give a specious appearance. 

G16s'sa-ry, n. a vocabulary; a dictionary. 

Glos-sa'ri-al, a. relating to a glossary. 

GloVsa-rist, n. a writer of comments; one 
who writes a vocabulary or dictionary. 

Glos-sa'tor, n. a writer of comments. 

GloVser, n. a commentator ; a scholiast. 

GlAs'sist, n. a writer of glosses. 

Glos-sfig'ra-pher, n. a commentator. 

GlOs'sy, a. smooth and shining ; specious. 

GlOs'si-ness, n. superficial lustre ; polish. 

Gloze, flatter. — n. flattery; specious sIinw. 

Gloz'er, n. a flatterer ; a liar. 

Gloz'ing, ?i. specious representation. 

Glot'tis, n. (Gr.) the opening of the 
larynx or windpipe. 

Glout,i\(G.r//otf) tolooksullcn; togaze 

Glove, n. (S. glof) a cover for the 
hand. — v. to cover as with a glove. 

Glow, v. (S. gloivaji) to shine with in- 
tense heat; to burn; to be hot; to feel passion. 
— n. shining heat ; brightness; passion. 

Glow'ing-ly, ad. brightly ; with passion. 

Glow'worm, n. a small grub which shines in 
the dark. 

Gloze. See under Gloss. 

Glue,?2. (L. gluten) a viscous substance 
by which bodies are held together ; a cement. 
— v. to join with a viscous cement ; to unite. 

Glu'ey, a. viscous; adhesive. 

Gla'ish, a. having the nature of glue. 

Glu'ti-nous, a. viscous ; tenacious. 

Glu'ti-nous-ness, n. viscosity; tenacity. 

Glum, v. (gloom) to look sullen.— n. 

sullenness of aspect.— a. sullen. 
Glum'my, a. sullen ; dark ; dismal. 

Glut, v. (L. glutio) to swallow ; to 
cloy ; to saturate. — n. more than enough ; 
superabundance ; plenty even to loathing 

Glut'ton, glut'tn, n. one who eats to excess. 

Glut'ton-Ize, v. to eat to excess. 

Glut'ton-ous, a. given to excessive eating. 

Glut'ton-y, n. excess in eating ; voracity. 

Glu'ti-nous. See under Glue. 

Gly-co'ni-an, Gly-con'ic, a. denoting 
a kind of verse in Greek and Latin poetry. 

tube, tub, full; cry, crypt, myrrh ; t&U, b6y, 6ur, n6w, new ; cede, gem, raise, exist, thin. 




Glyp-tog'ra-phy, n. (Gr. gluptos, 
grapho) a description of the art of en- 
graving on precious stones. 

Glyp-to-graph'ic, a. describing the methods 
of engraving figures on precious stones. 

Gnar, Gnarl, nar, narl, v. (S. gnome) 

to growl ; to murmur ; to snarl. 
Gnarl'ed, a. full of knots ; knotty. 

Gnash, nash, v. (D. knaschen) to strike 

together ; to grind the teeth ; to rage. 
Gnash'ing, ft. act of grinding the teeth. 

Gnat, nat, n. ( a small insect. 
Gnat'snap-per, n. a bird. 

Gnaw, na, v. (S. gnagari) to eat by 
degrees ; to bite off; to corrode ; to waste. 
Gnaw'er, n. one that gnaws. 

Gnome, nom, n. (Gr. gnome) a brief 
reflection or maxim ; an imaginary being. 
Gnom'i-cal, a. containing maxims. 
Gno-mol'o-gy, ft. a collection of maxims. 

Gno'mon, no'mon, n. (Gr.) the hand 

or pin of a dial. 
Gno-mOn'ic, Gno-mOn'i-cal, a. pertaining to 

the art of dialling. 
Gno-mOn'ics, n. the art of dialling. 

Gnos'tic, nos'tic, n. (Gr. ginosko) one 
of an early sect in the Christian church. — 
a. relating to the heresy of the Gnostics. 

Gn6s'ti-ci§m, ft. the heresy of the Gnostics. 

Go, v. (S. gan) to walk; to move ; to 
travel ; to proceed ; to depart ; to pass ; to 
extend ; to contribute : p.t. went ; p.p. gdne. 

Go'er, n. one who goes. 

Go'ing, n. the act of walking ; departure. 

Go'be-tween, ft. an interposing agent. 

Go'by, ft. a passing by ; evasion ; artifice. 

Go'cart,ft.a machine to teach children to walk. 

Go-to', int, come, come. 

Goad, ra.(S. gad) a pointed stick to drive 
oxen. — v. to drive with a goad ; to incite. 

Goal, n. (Fr. gaule) the point to which 
racers run ; a starting post ; a final purpose. 

Goar, n. (Ic. geir) a slip of cloth in- 
serted to widen a garment. 
Goatish, a. patched; mean; doggerel. 

Goat, n. (S. gat) an animal. 
Goat'ish, a. resembling a goat. 
Goatherd, n. one who tends goats. 
Goat'skln, n. the skin of a goat. 

Gob, n. (Fr. gobe) a quantity ; a 

lump ; a mouthful. 
G6b'bet, n. a mouthful ; a lump. 
Gob'ble, v. to swallow hastily with noise; 

to make a noise as a turkey. 

Goblet, n. (Fr. gobelet) a bowl ; a cup. 

Goblin, n. (Gr. kobalos ?) an evil spirit. 

God, ?i.(S.) the Supreme Being; an idol. 
God'dess, n. a female divinity. 
G6d / head, ft. deity ; the divine nature. 
Gtidless, a. impious; wicked; atheistical. 
GOd'less-ness, ft. state of being impious. 
GOd'ling, ft. a little god or idol. 
Gtid'ly, a. pious ; religious.— ad. piously. 
Gdd'li-ly, ad. piously ; religiously. 

GOd'li-ness, w. piety ; a religious life. 

GOd'ship, ft. the rank or character of a god. 

Gdd'ward, ad. toward God. 

GOd'lIke, a. divine ; supremely excellent. 

Gdd'dess-like, a. resembling a goddess. 

Gftd'child, ft. one for whom a person be- 
comes sponsor at baptism. 

GOd'daugh-ter, w. a female for whom one 
becomes sponsor at baptism. 

GSd'fa-ther, n. a male sponsor at baptism. 

GcKTmoth-er, ft. a female sponsor at baptism. 

Gdd'smlth, ft. a maker of idols. 

God'son, ft. a male for whom one becomes 
sponsor at baptism. 

Gdd'yeld, God'yield, w. a term of thanks. 

GodVit, n. (S. god y wiht) a bird. 

Gog, n. (W.) haste ; desire to go. 
GSg^gle, v. to roll or strain the eyes.— w. a 

stare ; a bold or strained look : pi. blinds 

for horses ; glasses to protect the eyes,— 

a. staring ; having full eyes. 
G6g / gled, a. prominent ; staring. 
GOg'gle-eyed, a. having rolling, prominent, 

or distorted eyes. 

Gold, n. (S.) a precious metal ; money. 
Gold'en, a. made of gold ; of the colour of 
gold ; bright ; splendid ; excellent ; happy. 
Gold'en-ly, ad. splendidly ; delightfully. 
Gold'beat-en, a. covered with gold ; gilded. 
GSld r beat-er, ft. one who beats gold. 
Gold'b6und, a. encompassed with gold. 
GokL'f Va.qh, n. a singing bird. 
Gold'flnd-er, ft. one who finds gold. 
Gold'proof, a. proof against bribery. 
Gold'leaf, n. gold beaten into a thin leaf. 
Gold'slze, ft. a glue of a golden colour. 
GSkTsmlth, w. a worker in gold. 
GoFdy-lOcks, ft. a plant. 

Golf, n. (D. kolf) a game played with 

a ball and a club. 

Gon'do-la, n. ( It.) a boat used atVeni co. 
Gdn-do-lier 7 , w. one who rows a gondola. 

Gone, p. p. of go. 

Gon'fa-lon, GoVfa-non, n. (Fr.) an 

ensign ; a standard. 
GOn-fa-lo-nier 7 , ft. a chief standard-bearer. 

Gong, n. a sort of metal drum. 

Gon-or-rhoe / a,gon-or-re / a,7i.(Gr./7o?io.9, 
rheo) a morbid running or discharge in 
venereal complaints. 

Good, a. (S. god) not bad ; not ill ; 
proper ; wholesome ; useful ; convenient ; 
sound; valid; skilful; happy; honour- 
able ; cheerful ; considerable ; elegant ; 
kind ; handsome.— ft. benefit ; advantage ; 
welfare : pi. moveables ; property ; mer- 
chandise. — ad. well ; not ill ; not amiss. 

Good'less, a. without goods or money. 

Good'ly, a. beautiful ; graceful ; handsome. 

Good'li-ness, ft. beauty; grace; elegance. 

Good'ness, ft. excellence; kindness. 

G66d r y, n. a low term of civility. 

Good-breed'ing, ru elegance of manners. 

Godd-bye', ad. a mode of bidding farewell. 

Godd-con-dl'tioned, a. being in a good state. 

Good-fri'day,/*. a fast in the Christian church, 
to commemorate our Saviour's crucifixion. 

Good-hu'mour, n. cheerfulness of mind. 

late, fat, far, fall; me, met, there, her; pine, pin, field, fir; note, not, nor, radve, son; 




Gddd-hu'moured, a. of a cheerful temper. 
Good-hQ'moured-ly, ad. in a cheerful way. 
Gdod'man, n. a rustic term of civility ; a 

familiar term for husband ; the master of 

a family. 
Good-na'ture, n. mildness ; kindness. 
G66d-na'tured, a. mild ; kind ; benevolent. 
Good-na'tured-ly, ad. mildly; kindly. 
Good'nOw, int. an exclamation of surprise. 
Godd'wife, n. the mistress of a family. 
Gdod'wlll, n. benevolence ; kindness. 
Gdod-wdm'an, n. the mistress of a family. 

G66se,n.(S.<7o.s)a water-fowl : pl.geese. 
G&s'ling, n. a young goose. 
Gohse'b6r-ry, n. a common fruit ; a shrub. 
Gdose'cap, n. a silly person. 
Godse'qulll, n. the quill of a goose. 

Gor'di-an, a. (L. Gordius) intricate ; 

Gore, n. (S. gor) clotted blood; dirt ; 

mud.— v. to stab ; to wound with a horn. 
Go'ring, n. a puncture ; a wound. 
Gf/ry, a. covered with clotted blood ; blood v. 
GtVbei-ly, n. a big belly. 
GOVbel-lied, a. having a big belly. 
Gor'crow, n. the carrion crow. 
Gore. See Goar. 
Gorge, n. (Fr.) the throat ; the gullet. 

—v. to swallow ; to glut ; to satiate ; to feed. 
Gorged, a. having a gorge or throat. 
Gorget, n. a breast-plate ; a piece of armour. 
Gor'geous, a. splendid ; showy; fine. 
Gor'g'eous-ly, a d. splendidly; magnificently. 
Gor'geous-ness, n. splendour ; magnificence. 

Gor'gon, n. (Gr.) a fabled monster 
which turned beholders to stone ; any thing 
ugly or horrid. 

Gor-go'ni-an , a. like a gorgon. 

Gor'mand, n. (Fr. gourmand) a greedy 

eater ; a glutton. 
Gor'man-dlze, v. to eat greedily or to excess. 
Gor'man-dlz-er n.a voracious eater; a glutton. 

G6rse,ft.(S.^or$Ofurze ; a prickly shrub. 
Go'ry. See under Gore. 

GosTiawk, n. (S. gos, hafoc) a kind 
of hawk. 

Gos'ling. See under Goose. 

Gos'pel, ft. (S. god, spell) the evan- 
gelical history of our Saviour ; the word of 
God ; divinity ; theology ; any general doc- 
trine. — v. to fill with sentiments of religion. 

G6s'pel-la-ry, a. theological. 

G6s'pel-ler, n. an evangelist ; a Wickliffite. 

Gos'pel-llze, v. to instruct in the gospel. 

Goss. See Gorse. 

Gos'sa-mer, ?i. (L. gossipion) the down 

of plants ; a thin cobweb. 
G6s'sa-mer-y, a. like gossamer ; light ; flimsy. 

Gos'sip, n. (S. god, sib) a sponsor ; a 
neighbour ; an idle tattler ; trifling talk. — 
v. to chat ; to tattle ; to tell idle tales. 

Gos'sip-ing, n. a prating ; a tattling. 

G6s'sip-red, Gos'sip-ry, n. spiritual affinity. 

Gos-soon', ft. (Fr. gargon) a boy; a 

Got, p. t. and p. p. of get. 
Got'ten, got'tn, p.p. of get. 

Goth, ft. one of the people called 
Goths ; a barbarian ; an ignorant person. 
Goth'ic, G6th'i-cal. a. relating to the Goths. 
Goth/ic, n. the language of the Goths. 
Goth'i-cifm, n. a Gothic idiom. 
GOth'i-fise, v. to bring back to barbarism. 

Gou^e, n. (Fr.) a chisel with a round 

edge.— v. to scoop out as with a gouge. 
Gourd, gord, n. (Fr. courge) a plant. 
Gour'mand. See Gorniand. 

Gout, n. (L. gutta) a painful disease. 
Gout'y, a. diseased with gout. 
GOut'swollen, a. inflamed with gout. 

Gout, gu, ft. (Fr.) taste ; relish. 

GoVern, v. (L. guberno) to rule ; to 
direct ; to manage; to exercise authority. 

G6v'ern-a-ble, a. that may be governed. 

Gov'er-nance, n. direction ; rule ; control. 

Gov'er-nant, Go-ver-nante', n. one who has 
the charge of young ladies. 

Gov'ern-ess,??. a female who rules or instructs. 

Gov'ern-ment, n. direction ; control ; exer- 
cise of authority ; executive power. 

Gov'ern-or, n. one who governs ; a ruler. 

Gowk. See Gawk. 

Gown, ft. (W. gum) a woman's upper 
garment ; a long loose upper garment ; a 
loose robe worn by professional men. 

Gowned, a. dressed in a gown. 

Gown'man, Gownsman, n. one whose pro- 
fessional habit is* a gown ; one devoted to 
the arts of peace. 

Grabble, v. (D. grabbelen) to grope ; 
to sprawl. 

Grace, ft. (L. gratia) favour ; kind- 
ness ; pardon ; mercy ; privilege; beauty; 
elegance; embellishment ; divine influence 
on the mind ; religious disposition ; a short 
prayer ; a title of honour : ]>l. favour. 

Grace, v. to adorn ; to dignify ; to embel- 
lish ; to favour ; to honour. 

Grace'ful, a. beautiful with digmity ; elegant. 

Gra^e'fQl-ly, ad. elegantly; with dignity. 

Gra^e'ful-ness, n. elegance of manner. 

Graceless, a. void of grace ; abandoned. 

Gra^e'less-ly, ad. without grace. 

Graceless-ness, n. want of grace ; profligacy. 

Gra'cious, a. merciful ; benevolent ; favour- 
able ; kind ; acceptable ; virtuous ; good. 

Gra'cious-ly, ad. kindly; mercifully. 

Gra'cious-ness, n. mercifulness ; condescen- 
sion ; pleasing manner. 

Grade, n. (L. gradus) rank ; degree. 

Gra-da'tion,n.regular progress ; order; series. 

Grad'a-to-ry, a. proceeding step by step. 

Gra'di-ent, a. walking ; moving by steps. — n. 
deviation from a level to an inclined plane. 

Grad'u-al, a. proceeding by degrees ; ad- 
vancing step by step. — n. an order of steps. 

Grad-u-al'i-ty, n. regular progression. 

Grad'u-al-ly, ad. by degrees ; step by step. 

Grad'u-ate, v. to dignify with a degree or 
diploma ; to divide into degrees ; to advance 
by degrees.— n. one dignified with a degree. 

tube, tub, full ; cry, crypt, myrrh ; toil, b6?, 6ur, now, newi fede, gem, raise, exist, thin. 




Grad'u-ate-ship, n. the state of a graduate. 
Grad-u-a'tion, n. regular progression ; the 

act of marking with degrees ; the act of 

conferring degrees. 

Graff, Graft, v. (S. grafari) to insert 
a shoot of one tree into the stock of an- 
other.— n.a shoot inserted into another tree. 

Graft'er, n. one who grafts. 

Grail, n. (L. gradus) a book of offices 

in the Romish church. 
Grain, n. (L. granam) a seed ; a corn ; 

a minute particle ; the smallest weight. 
Grainy, n. pi. husks of malt after brewing. 
Gran'a-ry, n. a store-house for grain. 
Gra-nlv'o-rous, a. living upon grain. 

Grain, n. (S. grenian) the direction of 
the fibres ; temper; disposition. 

Grained, a. rough ; made less smooth. 

Grain'ing, n. indentation. 

Grain,w. (S.geregnian) dyed substance. 

Grained, a. dyed in grain. 

Gra-mer'cy, int. (Fr. grand, merci) an 
expression of obligation or surprise. 

Gra-mm'e-ous, a. (L. gramen) grassy. 

Gram-i-nlv'o-rous, a. living upon grass. 

Gram'mar, n. (Gr. gramma) the art of 
speaking or writing correctly ; a book con- 
taining the principles and rules of grammar. 

Gram-ma'ri-an, n. one versed in grammar. 

Gram-mat'ic, Gram-mat'i-cal, a. belonging 
to grammar ; taught by grammar. 

Gram-mat'i-cal-ly , ad. according to grammar. 

Gram-mat'i-cas-ter, n. a mean verbal pedant. 

Gram-mat / i-9l§e, v. to render grammatical. 

Grani'ma-tist, n. a pretender to grammar. 

Gram'pus, n. (Fr. grand, poisson) a 
large fish of the cetaceous kind.. 

Gra-na'do. See Grenade. 

Gran'a-ry. See under Grain. 

Grand, a. (L. grandis) great ; illus- 
trious ; splendid ; magnificent ; principal ; 
sublime ; old. 

Gran-dee", n. a man of great rank or power. 

Gran-dee'ship, n. rank or estate of a grandee. 

Gran'deur, n. greatness ; state ; splendour. 

Gran-deVi-ty, n. great age; length of life. 

Gran-dll'o-quence, n. lofty speaking. 

Grand'ly, ad. sublimely ; loftily. 

Grand'ness, n. greatness ; magnificence. 

Gran'dam, n. a grandmother ; an old woman. 

Grandchild, n. the child of a son or daughter. 

Grand'daugh-ter, n. the daughter of a son or 

Grand'fa-ther, n. afather's or mother's father. 

Grand'moth-er, n. a father's or mother's 

Grand'slre, n. a grandfather ; an ancestor. 

Grand'son, n. the son of a son or daughter. 

Grange, n. (L. granum) a farm ; a 

Gran'ite, n. (L. granum) a hard rock. 
Gra-nlt'ic, a. pertaining to granite. 

Gra-nlv'o-rous. See under Grain. 

Grant, v. (Fr. garantir) to give ; to 
bestow ; to admit ; to allow ; to concede. — 
n. any thing granted ; a gift ; a boon. 

Grant'a-ble, a. that may be granted. 
Gran-tee", n. one to whom a grant is made. 
Grant'or, n. one by whom a grant is made. 

Gran'ule, n. (L. granum) a particle. 
Gran'u-lar, a. consisting of grains. 
Gran'u-la-ry, a. resembling a grain. 
Gran"u-late, v. to form or break into grains. 
Gran-u-la'tion, n. act of forming into grains. 

Grape, n. (Fr. grappe) the fruit of 

the vine. 
Grape'less, a.wantingthe flavour of the grape. 
Gra'py, a. full of grapes ; made of the grape. 
Grape'stone, n. the stone or seed of the grape. 
Grape' shot, n. a combination of small shot 

put into a thick canvass bag. 

Graph'ic, Graphl-cal, a. (Gr. grapho) 

well described or delineated. 
Graph r i-cal-ly, ad. in a graphic manner. 
Gra-ph6m r e-ter, n. a surveying instrument. 

Grap'ple, v. (S. gripan) to seize ; to lay 
fast hold of ; to contest in close fight. — n. a 
seizing ; close fight ; an iron instrument. 

Grap'nel, n. a small anchor ; a grappling iron. 

Grasp, v. (It. graspare) to hold in the 
hand ; to seize ; to catch.— n. seizure of 
the hand ; hold. 

Grasp"er, n. one who grasps. 

Grass, n. (S.gcers) the common herbage 
of the fields ;'a plant. — v. to cover with grass. 
Grassless, a. wanting grass. 
Grass'y, a. abounding with grass. 
Grass'green, a. green with grass. 
Grass'grown, a. grown over with grass. 
Grass'hdp-per, n. an insect. 
Grass'plot, n. a plot covered with grass, 

Gras-sa'tion, n. (L. gressum) progress; 
procession ; a ranging about. 

Grate, n. (L. crates) a partition or 
frame made with bars ; a range of bars 
within which fires are made. 

Grat'ed, a. furnished with a grate. 

Grat'ing, n. a partition of bars. 

Grate, v. (Fr. gratter) to rub hard ; to 
wear away ; to make a harsh noise ; to fret. 
Grat'er, n. a rough instrument to grate with. 
Grafing, a. fretting j irritating ; harsh. 

Grateful, a. (L. gratus) thankful ; 

pleasing; acceptable; delightful. 
Grate'ful-ly, ad. in a grateful manner. 
Grate'ful-ness, n. thankfulness ; pleasantness. 
Grat'i-fy, v. to indulge ; to please ; to delight. 
Grat-i-fi-ca'tion, n. pleasure; delight. 
Grat'i-f I-er, n. one who gratifies. 
Grat'i-tude, n. thankfulness. 
Gra'tis, ad. (L.) for nothing; without reward. 
Gra-tu'i-tous, a. free ; granted without claim 

or merit ; asserted without proof. 
Gra-tu'i-tous-ly, ad. freely ; without proof. 
Gra-tu'i-ty, n. a free gift ; a present. 
GraVu-late, v. to wish or express joy. 
Grat-u-la'tkm, n. expression of joy. 
Grat"u-la-to-ry, a. expressing congratulation. 

Grave, n. (S. grcef) a pit for a dead 

body ; a sepulchre ; a tomb. 
Grave'less, a. without a tomb ; unburied. 
Grave'clothe^, n. the dress of the dead. 
Grave'dig-ger, n. one who digs graves. 

Fate, fat, far, fall; me, met, there, her; pine, pin, field, fir; note, n6t, nOr, mOve, son ; 




Grave'mak-er, n. one who digs graves. 
Grave'stOne, n. a stone placed over a grave. 

Grave, v. (S. grafan) to dig ; to carve ; 
to write or delineate on hard substances : 
p. t. graved ; p. p. graved or graven. 

Grav'er, n. one who engraves ; a graving tool. 

Graving, n. carved work ; an impression. 

Grave, a. (L. gravis) solemn; serious; 
sober ; not showy ; not acute in sound. 

Gravely, ad. solemnly ; seriously ; soberly. 

Grave'ness, n. solemnity ; seriousness. 

Grav'e-o-lent, a. strongly scented. 

Gravid, a. pregnant ; being with child. 

Grav'i-dat-ed, a. great with young. 

Grav-i-da'tion, Gra-vld'i-ty, n. pregnancy. 

Grav'i-tate, v. to tend to the centre. 

Grav-i-ta'tion, n. the act of tending to the 
centre of attraction; the force by which 
bodies are attracted. 

Grav'i-ty, n. weight ; tendency to the centre 
of attraction ; force of attraction ; solem- 
nity; atrociousness. 

Grav'el, n. (Fr. gravelle) hard rough 
sand ; sandy matter in the kidneys and 
bladder. — v. to cover with gravel ; to stick 
in the sand ; to puzzle. 

Grav'el-ly, a. full of gravel. 

Gra'vy, n. juice of roasted meat. 

GrUy,«.(S.#nz#) white with a mixture 
of black ; hoary ; dark. — n. a gray colour. 
Grayish, a. approaching to a gray colour. 
Gray'ness, n. the state of being gray. 
Gray'beard, n. an old man. 
Gray'fly, /». the trumpet-fly. 

Graze, v. (S. grasian) to eat grass ; to 
supply grass ; to feed on ; to move on de- 
vouring ; to touch or rub slightly in passing. 

Graz'er, n. one that feeds on grass. 

Grazier, n. one who feeds cattle. 

Grease, n. (Fr. graisse) animal fat in 
a soft state ; a disease in the legs of horses. 
Grease, v. to smear or anoint with grease. 
Greasy, a. smeared with grease ; fat ; gross. 
Greap-ly, ad. with grease ; grossly. 
Greaf i-ness, n. oiliness ; fatness. 

Great, a. (S.) large ; vast ; important ; 

principal ; eminent ; noble ; magnanimous. 

— n. the whole ; the gross. 
Great en,t\to enlarge ; to magnify; to increase. 
Greatly, ad. in a great degree; nobly; bravely. 
Greatness, n. state or quality of being great. 
Greatbel-lied, a. pregnant ; teeming. 
Great heart-ed, a. high-spirited ; undejected. 

Greaves, n. pi. (Fr. greves) armour 

for the* legs. 
Grecian, a. relating to Greece.— n. a 

native or inhabitant of Greece. 
Gre'^e, v. to translate into Greek. 
Gre'cipi, n. an idiom of the Greek language. 
Gr6ek, n. a native of Greece ; the Greek 

language. — a. belonging to Greece. 
Greeklsh, a. peculiar to Greece. 
Greek'ling, n. an inferior Greek writer. 
Greek-rose', n. the flower campion. 

Greed'y 9 a. (S.gradig) ravenous ; vora- 
cious ; eager to obtain ; vehemently desirous. 
Greed'i-ly, ad. voraciously ; eagerly. 
Greedl-ness, n. ravenousness ; eagerness. 

Green, a. (S. grene) verdant ; flourish- 
ing ; fresh ; undecayed ; new ; not dry ; 

unripe.— n. green colour ; a grassy plain ; 

leaves ; herbs. — v. to make green. 
Greenish, a. somewhat green. 
Greenly, ad. with a greenish colour ; freshly. 
Green'ness, n. state or quality of being green. 
Green'cloth, n. a board or court held in the 

counting-house of the king's household. 
Green'col-oured, a. pale ; sickly. 
Green'eyed, a. having green eyes. 
Green'flnfft, n. a kind of bird. 
Green'hQuse, n. a house for preserving plants. 
Green'slck-ness, n. chlorosis, a disease. 
Green'sward, n. turf on which grass grows. 
Green'wood, n. wood when green, as in 

summer. — a. pertaining to the greenwood. 
Greet, v. (S. gretaii) to address at 

meeting ; to salute ; to congratulate. 
Greeting, n. salutation ; compliments. 

Gref 'fi-er, n. (Gr. grapho) a recorder. 

Gre-ga'ri-ous, a. (L. grex) goiDg in 

flocks or herds. 
Gre-ga'ri-an, a. of the common sort ; ordinary. 

Gre-nade', Gre-na'do, n. (Fr. grenade) 

a hollow ball filled with gunpowder. 
Gren-a-dier 7 , n. a tall foot-soldier. 

Grew, p. t. of grow. 

Grey. See Gray. 

Greyliound, n. (S. grig-hund) a tall 
fleet dog, kept for the chase. 

Gride, v. ilt.gridare) to cut ; to pierce. 

Grid'e-lin, a. (Fr. gris de lin) of a 
purplish colour. — n. a purplish colour. ' 

Grid'i-roDjgrTd'i-urn^i^W.^r^w^ 1 ?) 
a portable grate on which meat is laid to 
be broiled. 

Grief, n. (L. gravis) sorrow ; trouble. 

Grieve, v. to afflict ; to lament ; to mourn. 

Griev'a-ble, a. lamentable. 

Griev'ange, n. a wrong suffered ; an injury. 

Griev'er, n. one who grieves. 

Grievlng-ly, ad. in sorrow ; sorrowfully. 

Griev'ous, a. afflictive ; painful ; atrocious. 

GrievAms-ly, ad. painfully ; vexatiously. 

Griev'ous-ness, n. sorrow; pain; enormity, 

Grief'shot, a. pierced with grief. 

GriFfin, GriTfon, n. (Gr. grups) a 
fabled animal, with the upper part like an 
eagle, and the lower like a lion. 

Griffon-like, a. resembling a griffon. 

Grig, n. a small eel ; a merry creature. 

Grill, v. (Fr. griller) to broil. 
Grlrly, v. to harass ; to hurt. 

Grim, a. (S.) frightful ; hideous ; ugly. 
Grimly, ad. horribly ; hideously ; souriy. 
Grlm'ness, n. frightmlness of visage. 
Gri-mage', n. distortion of face ; affected air. 
Grlm'faged, a. having a stern countenance. 
Grlm'vlg-aged, a. having a grimcountenance. 

Gri-mal'kin, n. (Fr. gris, and malkiny 
the name of an old cat. 

Grime, n. (S. hrum) dirt deeply in- 
sinuated. — v. to dirt ; to sully deeply. 

tube, tflb, foil ; cry, cr^pt, myrrh ; toil, bo?, 5Qr, ndw, new ; cede, gem, rai$e, e$ ist, thin. 




GrI'my, a. full of grime ; dirty ; foul. 

Grin, v. (S. grennian) to set the teeth 
and open the lips. — n. the act of setting 
the teeth and opening the lips. 

Grln'ner, n. one who grins. 

Grin, n. (S.) a snare. 

Grind, v. (S. grindan) to reduce to 

powder ; to sharpen ; to make smooth ; to 

rub ; to oppress : p. t. and p. p. ground. 
Grind'er, n. one who grinds ; an instrument 

for grinding ; a back or double tooth. 
Grindstone, Grln'dle-stone, n. a stone on 

which edged tools are ground. 
Gripe, v. (S. gripan) to hold hard; 

to grasp ; to clutch ; to pinch ; to squeeze ; 

to feel colic. — n. grasp; hold; squeeze; 

oppression : pi. colic. 
Grlp'er, n. an oppressor ; an extortioner. 
Grlp'ing-ly, ad. with pain in the bowels. 
Grlp'ple, a. greedy; covetous; tenacious. 
Grlp'ple-ness, n. covetousness. 

Gri-sette', n. (Fr.) the wife or daughter 

of a tradesman. 
Grisly, a. (S.grislic) frightful ; hideous. 
Grls/'li-ness, n. Rightfulness ; hideousness. 

Grist, n. (S.) corn to be ground. 

Gris'tle, gris'sl, n. (S.) a part of the 
body next in hardness to a bone ; a cartilage. 
Grls'tly, a. made of gristle ; cartilaginous. 

Grit, n. (S.gryt) the coarse part of meal. 

Grit, n. (S. greot) sand ; gravel. 
Grlt'ty, a. containing grit ; sandy. 
Grlt'ti-ness, n. state of being gritty. 

Griz'zie, n. (Fr. gris) gray. 
Grizzled, a. interspersed with gray. 
Grlz'zly, a. somewhat gray. 

Groan, v. (S. granian) to breathe or 
sigh as in pain. — n. a deep sigh from sorrow 
or pain ; any hoarse dead sound. 

Groan'ing, n. lamentation ; a deep sigh. 

Groat, n. (Ger. grot) four pence. 

Gro'cer, n. (L. grossus) a dealer in tea, 

sugar, spices, &c. 
Gro'per-y, n. grocers' ware. 

Grog, n. a mixture cf spirits and water. 

Grog'ran^Grog'ran, n. (Fr. gros, grain) 

stuff made of silk and mohair. 
Groin, n. (G. grein) the part next 

above the thigh. 
Groom, n. (D. grom) a servant ; a 

waiter ; a man or boy who tends horses. 

Groove, v. (S. grafari) to cut hollow. 

— n. a hollow ; a channel cut with a tool. 
Grope, v. (S. grapian) to feel where 

one cannot see ; to search by feeling. 
Gross, a. (L. crassus) thick; bulky; 

indelicate ; coarse ; stupid ; fat. — n. the 

main body ; the bulk ; twelve dozen. 
Grossly, ad. bulkily ; coarsely ; greatly. 
Gross'ness,n.thickness, coarseness ; enormity. 

Grot, Grot'to, n. (S. grut) a cave ; a 
place for coolness and refreshment. 

Gro-tesque', a. (Fr.) whimsical; fantastic: 

ludicrous. — n. fantastic figures or scene* y 
Gro-tesque'ly, ad. in a fantastic mannei 

Ground, n. (S. grand) earth ; land , 
territory ; floor ; bottom ; foundation ; first 
principle ; principal colour : pi. lees. 

Ground, v. to place or fix ; to found ; to settle. 

Grdund'age, n. a tax paid for a ship in port. 

GrdQnd'less,^. wanting ground; void of reason. 

GrOund'less-ly, ad. without reason or cause. 

Gr5und"less-ness, n. want of just reason. 

Groundling, n. a fish which keeps at the 
bottom of the water ; a mean person. 

Gr6und"ash, n. a sapling of ash. 

Gr6und r bait, n. a bait allowed to sink. 

GrOund'lloor, n. the lower part of a house. 

Ground'I-vy, n. the plant alehoof. 

Ground'oak, n. a sapling of oak. 

Ground'plot,??. ground occupied byabuilding. 

Ground'rent, n. rent paid for the ground on 
which a building stands. 

GrOund'room, n. a room on the ground. 

Ground'sel, ^.timber next the ground; a plant. 

GrOund'work, n. foundation ; first principle. 

Ground, p. t. and p. p. of grind. 

Group, n. (Fr. growpe) a cluster ; a 
collection. — v. to form into a group. 

Grouse, n. (S. gorstX) heath-fowl. 

Grove, n. (S. grcef) a small wood. 

Grov'el, grovl, v. (Ic. gruva) to lie 

prone ; tc creep on the earth ; to be mean. 
Gr6v'el-ler, n. a mean person. 

Grow, v. (S. growan) to vegetate ; to 
increase ; to improve ; to advance ; to ex- 
tend ; to become ; to raise by culture : 
p. t. grew ; p. p. grown. 

GrOw'er, n. one who grows ; a farmer. 

Growing, n. vegetation ; progression of time. 

Growth, n. vegetation ; product ; increase. 

Growl, v. (Ger. grollen) to snarl ; to 
murmur ; to grumble. — n. a snarl. 

Grub, v. (G. grabari) to dig up ; to 

root out. — n. a kind of worm ; a dwarf, 
Grub'ble, v. to feel in the dark ; to grope. 

Grudge, v. (W. grwg) to envy ; to 

murmur ; to repine. — n. envy ; ill-will. 
Grudj^er, n. one who grudges. 
Grudging, n. discontent ; reluctance. 
Grudg'ing-ly, ad. unwillingly ; reluctantly. 

Gru'el, n. (Fr. gruau) food made by 
boiling oatmeal in water. 

Gruff, a. (D.grof) surly; harsh ; stern. 
Gruffly, ad. harshly ; ruggedly ; roughly. 
Gruff'ness, n. harshness of manner or look. 

Griim, a. (grim) sour ; surly ; severe. 

Grum'ble, v. (D. grommelen) to mur- 
mur with discontent ; to growl ; to snarL 
Grumbler, n. one who grumbles. 
Grum'bling, n. a murmuring ; a grudge. 
Grum'bling-ly, ad. with grumbling. 

Gru'mous,a.(L./7r^ww5) thick ; clotted. 
Gru'mous-ness, n. state of being clotted. 

Grun'sel. See Groundsel. 

Fate, fat, far, fall; me\ m£t, there, her; pine, pin, field, fir; note, n6t, nor, move, son; 




Grunt, Grun'tle, v. (S. grunari) to 
murmur as a hog ; to utter a short groan. 
Grunt, n. the noise of a hog. 
Grunt'ing, n. the noise of swine. 

Griit9h. See Grudge. 

Gry, n. (Gr. gru) a small measure. 

Gryph'on. See Griffin. 

Guar-an-tee', Guar'an-ty, n. (Fr. ga- 
rant) a power that undertakes to see stipu- 
lations performed ; surety for performance. 
— v. to secure performance ; to warrant. 

Guard, v. (Fr. garder) to protect ; to 
defend; to secure; to watch. — n. a man, 
or body of men, employed for defence; 
that which defends ; protection ; care. 

Guard'a-ble, a. that may be guarded. 

Guard'age, n. state of wardship. 

Guard'ant, a. acting as guardian. 

Guard'ed, a. cautious ; circumspect. 

Guard'ed-ly, ad. cautiously ; circumspectly. 

Guard'er, n. one who guards. 

Guard'ful, a. wary ; cautious. 

Guar'di-an, n. one who has the care of an 
orphan ; a protector. — a. performing the 
office of a protector. 

Guar'di-an-ness, n. a female guardian. 

Guar'di-an-ship, n. the office of a guardian. 

Guard'less, a. without defence. 

Guard'ship, n. care ; protection. 

Guard'cham-ber, Guard'room, n. a room for 
the accommodation of guards. 

Gii-ber-na'tion, n. (L. gubcrno) go- 
vernment ; rule ; direction. 

Gu-ber'na-tive, a. governing ; ruling. 

Gudgeon, nAYr.goujon) a small fish ; 
a person easily cheated ; a bait ; an iron 
pin on which a wheel turns. 

Guer'don, n. (Fr.) a reward; a re- 
compense. — v. to reward. 

Guess, v. (D. gissen) to conjecture ; to 
hit upon by accident. — ?i. a conjecture. 

Gugss'er, n. one who guesses. 

Guess'ing-ly, ad. by way of conjecture. 

Guest, n. (S. gest) one entertained by 

another ; a stranger ; a visitor. 
Gu£st'cham-ber,n.chamber of entertainment. 
Guest'rTte, n. kindness due to a guest. 
Guest'wlje, ad. in the manner of a guest. 

Guide, v. (Fr. guider) to direct; to 

govern ; to regulate. — n. one who directs. 
Guld'a-ble, a. that may be guided. 
Guid'ance, n. direction ; government. 
Gulde'less, a. having no guide. 
Guld'er, n. a director ; a regulator. 
Gulde'post, n. a directing post. 

Guild, n. (S. qihl) a corporation. 

Gulld'a-ble, a. liable to tax. 

Gulld'hall, n. the hall in which a corpora- 
tion usually assembles ; a town-hall. 

Guile, n. (S. iriglian I) craft ; cunning. 

Guile'ful, a. wily ; insidious ; artful. 

Gulle'ful-ly, ad. insidiously ; craftily. 

Gulle'less, a, free from guile; artless. 

Gull'er, n. a deceiver. 

GuiHo-tine, n. (Fr.) a machine for 
beheading. — v. to behead by the guillotine. 

Guilt, n. (S. gylt) criminality ; sin. 
Guiltless, a. free from crime ; innocent. 
Guiltless-ly, ad. without guilt ; innocently. 
Gulltless-ness, n. freedom from crime. 
Gullt'y, a. justly chargeable with a crime; 

not innocent ; wicked ; corrupt. 
Gullt'i-ly, ad. in a criminal manner. 
Gullt'i-ness, n. the state of being guilty. 
Gullt'slck, a. diseased by guilt. 
Guilt 'y-llke, ad. as if guilty. 

Guin'ea,?!. a gold coin valuedat twenty- 
one shilhngs.iirst made of gold ivovaQuinea 
GuIn'ea-drOp-per, n. a kind of swindler. 

Guise, n. (Fr.) manner; dress. 

Gui-tar', n. (Gr. kithara) a stringed 
instrument of music 

Gules, a. (L. gula ?) red : a term in 

Gulf, n. (Gr. ko/pos) an arm of the 

sea extending into the land ; an abyss. 
Gulfy, a. full of gulfs or whirlpools. * 

Gull, v. (D. kul/en) to trick ; to cheat ; 
to defraud. — n. a trick ; one easily cheated. 
Gul'ler-y, n. cheat ; imposture. 
Gull'ish, a. foolish ; stupid ; absurd. 
Gull'ish-ness, n. foolishness; stupidity. 
Gull'catch-er, n. a cheat. 

Gull, n. (W. gwylari) a sea-bird. 

Gul'let, n. (L. gula) the throat. 
Gu'list, n. a glutton. 

Gu-los'i-ty, n. gluttony. 

Gully, n. (L. gulaX) a channel or 
hollow formed by running water. 

Gulp, to swallow eagerly. 
— )(. as much as can be swallowed at once. 

GumjiAS.goma) a viscous juice of cer- 
tain trees ; the fleshy covering that contains 
the teeth. — P. to close or wash with gum. 

Gum'mous, a. of the nature of e^un. 

Gum-m<*>s'i-ty, n. the nature of gum. 

Gum'my, a. consisting of gum. 

Gum'mi-ness, ;j. state of being gummy. 

Gun, n. (engine]) a general name for 
lire-arms; a musket. — v. to shoot. 

Gun'ner, n. one who manages artillery. 

Gun'ner-y, n. the art of managing artillery. 

Gun'pow-der, n. the powder put into guns. 

Gun'shOt, 7\. the reach or range of a gun. — i 
a. made by the shot of a gun. 

Gun'smlth, n. one who makes guns. 

Gcm'stlck, 11. a rammer, or ramrod. 

G un'stock, n. the wood in which a gun is fixed. 

Gun'stone, n. the shot of cannon. 

Gun'wale,gun'nel,n. the upper part of a ship's 
side, from the half-deck to the forecastle. 

Gurge, n. (L. gurges) a whirlpool. 
Gur'gle, v. to flow as water from a bottle. 
Giir'nard, Giir'net, n. a kind of fish. 

Gush, v. (Ger. giessen) to flow or rush 
out with violence.— n. a sudden flow. 

Gus'set,?? .(Yi.gousset) an angular piece 
of cloth at the\ipper end of a shirt sleeve. 

Gust, 11. (L. gustus) taste ; relish ; en- 
joyment ; pleasure. — 1\ to taste ; to relish. 

tube, tub full; cry, crynt, myrrh ; toil, boy, Our, now, new; cede, gem, raise, exist, thin. 





Gust'a-ble, a. that may be tasted. 
Gus-ta'tion, n. the act of tasting. 
Gust'ful, a. tasteful ; well-tasted. 
Gust'ful-ness, n. pleasantness to the taste. 
GQst'less, a. tasteless ; insipid, 
Gus'to, n. (It.) relish ; taste ; liking. 

Gust, n. (Dan.) a violent blast of 

wind ; a sudden burst of passion. 
Gust'y, a. stormy ; tempestuous. 

Gut, n. (Ger. kuttel) the internal pass- 
age for food ; the stomach ; a passage. — 
v. to take out the bowels ; to eviscerate ; 
to plunder of contents. 

Gtit'tle, v. to swallow greedily. 

Giit'ter, n. (Fr. gout Here) a passage 
for water ; a channel. — v. to cut in small 

Giit'tu-lous, a. (L. gutta) in the form 
of a small drop. 

Gut'tu-ral, a. (L.guttur) belonging to 
the throat ; pronounced in the throat. 

Guz'zle, v. (It. gozzoX) to swallow 
greedily ; to feed immoderately. — n. an 
insatiable person or thing. 

§rybe. See Gibe. 

Gym-na'si-um, n. (Gr. gumnos) a place 

i for athletic exercises ; a school. 
Gym'nast, Qym-nas'tic, n. one who teaches 

or practises athletic exercises. 
Gyrn-nas'tica.pertainingto athletic exercises. 
Gym-nas'ti-cal-ly, ad. athletically, 
^rym-nas'tics, ft. gymnastic art or exercise, 
(^jfm'nic^ym'ni-cal, a. pertaining to athletic 

exercises ; performing athletic exercises, 
(^yni'nics, n. athletic exercises. 

^ym-nos'o-phist, n. (Gr. gumnos, 
sophos) one of a sect of Indian philosophers. 

£yn-se-oc'ra-cy, (Jxy-noc'ra-cy, n. (Gr. 
gune, kratos) female government. 

§ryn'ar-chy, n. (Gr. gune, arche) 
female government. 

§ryp'se-ous, (^yp'sine, a. relating to gypsum. 
Gyp'sy. See Gipsy. 

(p-yre, n. (Gr. guros) a circular motion ; 

a circle. — v. to turn round. 
Gy-ra'tion, n. the act of turning about. 

£ryve, n. ( W. gevyri) a fetter ; a chain 
for the legs.— v. to fetter; to shackle. 


Ha, int. an expression of wonder, 
surprise, sudden exertion, or laughter. 

Ha^be-as cor'pus, n. (L.) a writ by 
which a gaoler is ordered to produce the 
body of a prisoner in court. 

Hab'er-dash-er, n. (Ger. habe, taus~ 

then ?) a dealer in small wares. 
Hab'er-dash-er-y, n. small wares. 

Ha-ber'^eon, n. (S. hah, beorgan) ar- 
mour for the neck and breast. 

Habit, n. (L. habeo) dress ; garb ; 
custom ; inveterate use ; state of any thing. 
— v. to dress ; to accoutre ; to array. 

Ha-bll'i-ment, n. dress ; clothes ; garment. 

Hab'i-ta-ble, a. that may be dwelt in. 

Hab'i-ta-ble-ness,ft.capacity of being dwelt in. 

Hab'i-ta-cle, n. a dwelling. 

Hab / i-tan9e, ft. dwelling ; abode. 

Hab'i-tant, n. a dweller ; a resident. 

Hab-i-ta'tion, n. place of abode ; dwelling. 

Hab'i-ta-tor, n. a dweller ; an inhabitant. 

Hab'it-ed, a. clothed ; accustomed ; usual. 

Ha-blt'u-al, a. formed by habit ; customary. 

Ha-blt'u-al-ly, ad. by habit ; customarily. 

Ha-blt'u-ate, v. to accustom ; to make famil- 
iar. — a. inveterate by custom. 

Hab'i-tude, ft. long custom ; habit ; state. 

Hack, v. (S. haccari) to cut ; to chop ; 

to cut clumsily. — n. a notch ; a cut. 
Hack'ster, ft. a bully ; a ruffian ; an assassin. 

Hack, n. (Fr. haguenee) a horse let 
out for hire. — a. hired. 

Hack'ney, ft. a nag ; a hired horse ; a hire- 
ling. — a. let out for hire ; much used ; 
worn out.— v. to use much ; to carry in a 

Hack'ney-coafh, n. a carriage let out for hire. 

Hack'ney-coach-man, ft. the driver of a hired 
or hackney-coach. 

Ilack'ney-man, n. one wholets horses for hire. 

Hack^but, n. a hand-gun ; a culverin. 
Hack'but-ter, n. one who fires a hackbut. 

HacTde, v. (Ger. hechel) to dress flax. 
— ft. a comb for dressing flax. 

Had, p. t. and p.p. of have. 

Had'dock, n. a sea-fish of the cod kind. 

Haft, n. (S. haft) a handle ; a hilt. — 
v. to set in a haft. 

Hag, n. (S. hages) a witch ; a fury; an 
ugly old woman. — v. to torment ; to terrify. 
Hag'ged, a. like a hag; lean ; ugly. 
Hag'gish, a. like a hag ; deformed. 
Hag'ship, n. the state or title of a hag. 
Hag'born, a. born of a witch or hag. 

Hag'gard, a. (Fr. hagard) lean; pale; 
rugged ; wild. — n. anything wild ; a hawk. 
IIag / gard-ly, ad. palely ; deformedly. 

Hag'gard, n. (S. haga, geard) a stack- 

Hag'gis, n. {hack) a Scotch dish. 

Hag'gle, v. (hack) to cut ; to chop. 

Hag'gle, v. (Fr. harceler) to be diffi- 
cult in making a bargain. 
Hag'gler, n. one who haggles. 

Hag-i-og'ra-pha, n. pi. (Gr. hagios, 
grapho) saCred writings ; a name given to 
part of the books of Scripture. 

Hag-i-6g'ra-phal, a. relating to the writings 
called hagiographa, 

Hag-i-dg'ra-pher, n. a sacred writer. 

Hague'but. See Hackbut. 

Fate, fat, far, fall ; mS, inet* there, her; pine, pin, field, fir; note, n6t, nor, move, son; 




Hah, ha, int. an expression of surprise 

or effort. 
Hail, n. (S. hcsgel) drops of rain frozen 

in falling. — v. to pour down hail. 
Hairy, a. consisting of hail ; full of hail. 
Hail'shot, n. small shot scattered like hail. 
Hailstone, n. a particle or single ball of hail. 
Hail, int. (S. JubI) a term of salutation. 

— v. to salute ; to call to. — a. healthy; sound. 
Hail'fel-low, n. a companion. 
Hair, n. (S. hair) a small filament 

issuing from the skin ; any thing very small. 
Haired, a. having hair. 
Hairless, a. wanting hair. 
Hair'y, a. covered with hair. 
Hair'i-ness, n. state of being hairy. 
Hairbreadth, n. a very small distance. 
Hair'clOth, n. stuff made of hair. 
Hair'hung, a. hanging by a hair. 
Han/lace, n. a fillet for tying up the hair. 

HaTberd, n. (Fr. hallebarde) a battle- 
axe fixed to a long pole ; a kind of spear. 
Hal-ber-dieV, n. one armed with a halberd. 

HaTcy-on, n. (Gr. halkuon) the king- 
fisher. — a. placid ; quiet ; still. 
Hal-fy-6'ni-an, a. peaceful; quiet; still. 

Hale,«.(S./*^/) healthy; sound; hearty. 

Hale, v. (Fr. haler) to drag by force. 
Ilal'ing, n. the act of dragging by force. 

Half, haf, n. (S. healf) an equal part 
of any thing divided into two; a moiety: 
pi. halves^— ad. equally; in part.— v. to 
divide into two parts. 

Half er, n. one who has only a half. 

Halve, y. to divide into two* parts. 

Half' blood, n. one born of the same father or 
of the same mother, but not of both. 

Half blood-ed, a. mean ; degenerate. 

Half cap, n. a cap slightly moved. 

Half dead, a. almost dead. 

Half fa^ed, a. showing only part of the face. 

Halfhat9hed, a. imperfectly hatched. 

Half heard, a. not heard to* the end. 

Half learned, a. imperfectly learned. 

Half ldst, a. nearly lost. 

Half moon, n. the moon with its disk half 
illuminated ; any thing in the shape of a 
half-moon ; a crescent. 

Halfpart, n. equal share. 

Halfpen-ny, ha'pen-ny, n. a copper coin. 

Half pike, n. a small pike carried by officers. 

Half pint, n. the fourth part of a quart. 

Half read, a. superficially informed. 

Half schOl-ar, n. one imperfectly learned. 

Halfslght-ed, a. seeing imperfectly. 

Half starved, a. almost' starved. 

Half strained, a. half-bred; imperfect. 

Half sword, n. close fight. 

Halfway, a. equidistant.— ad. in the middle. 

Halfwit, n. a blockhead ; a foolish fellow. 

Half wit-ted, a. foolish ; weak in intellect. 

HaTi-but, n. a large flat fish. 

HaTi-dom, n. (S. halig, dom) an adju- 
ration by what is holy. 

Ha-lit'u-ous, a. (L. halo) vaporous. 

Hall, n. (S. heed) a court of justice ; 
a manor-house ; a public room ; a large 
room ; a collegiate body. 

Hal-le-lu'jah, hal-le-lu'ya, n. (H.) a 

song of thanksgiving. 
Hal-le-lu-jafic, a. denoting a hallelujah. 

HalTiards, HaTyards, n. »/. ropes or 
tackle to hoist or lower a saiL 

Hal-166', int. expressing encourage- 
ment or call. — v. to cry ; to encourage. 
Hal-166'ing, n. a loud and vehement cry. 

Hallow, v. (S. halig) to make holy; 

to consecrate ; to reverence as holy. 
Haflow-mas, n. the feast of All-souls. 

Hal-lu^i-nate, v. (L. hallucinor) to 

blunder ; to err ; to mistake ; to stumble. 

Hal-lu-fi-na'tion, n. error ; blunder ; mistake. 

Halo, n. (L.) a bright circle round 
the sun or moon. 

Hal'ser, ba/ser, n. (S. hals, sal) a rope 
less than a cable. 

Halt, v. (S. healt) to limp ; to stop ; 

to hesitate.— a. lame ; crippled.— n. the act 

of limping ; a stop in a march. 
Halt'er, n. one who halts. 
Halt'ing-ly, ad. in a slow manner. 

Halt'er, n. (S. hcelfter) a rope to hang 
malefactors ; a rope for leading or confin- 
ing a horse ; a strong cord. — v. to bind 
with a cord. 

Halve, hav. See under Half. 

Ham, n. (S.) the hip ; the thigh of an 

animal salted and dried. 
Hanfstrlng, n. the tendon of the ham. — v. 

to cut the tendon of the ham. 

Ham'a-dry-ad, n. (Gr. hama, drus) a 

YiBfmdJie,a.{L.hamus) hooked together. 
na'mat-ed, a. hooked ; set with hooks. 

Hamlet, n. (S. ham) a small village. 
Ham'let-ted, a. accustomed to a hamlet. 

Ham'mer, ?*. (S. harrtur) an instru- 
ment for driving or beating. — v. to beat 
with a hammer ; to form with a hammer ; 
to work in the mind. 

Hanfmer-cloth, n. the cloth which covers a 

Ham'mer-man, n. one who works with a 

Ham'mock, n. (Sp. hamaca) a swing- 
ing bed. 

Hamp'er, n. (§.h);&p) a large basket; 
a kind ot fitter.— v. to shackle ; to impede. 
Han'a-per, n. a basket ; a treasury. 

Han'ces, n. pi. (L. ansa) the ends of 
elliptical arches. 

Hand, n. (S.) the palm with the fingers ; 
a measure of four inches ; side ; act ; skill ; 
a workman ; form of writing ; ready pay- 
ment. — v. to give ; to transmit ; to lead. 

Hand'ed, a. having the use of the hand. 

Hand'er, n. one who hands or transmits. 

Hand'ful, n. as much as the hand can contain. 

Han'dle, v. to touch ; to manage ; to treat. 
— n. that part of any thing which is held 
in the hand ; that of which use is made. 

tube, tQb, fall; cry, crypt, myrrh; ttfll, bS?, our, now, new; yede, ^ eiB> ra i ?e , exist, thin. 




Hand'less, a. without a hand. 
Hand'ling, n. touch ; execution ; cunning. 
Hand'y, a. ready ; dexterous ; convenient. 
Hand'i-ly, ad. with skill ; with dexterity. 
Hand'i-ness, n. readiness ; dexterity. 
Hand'ball, n. a game with a ball. 
Hand'bar-row, n. a frame carried by hand. 
Hand'bas-ket, n. a portable basket. 
Hand'bgll, n. a bell rung by the hand. 
Hand'bow, n. a bow managed by the hand. 
Hand'breadth, n. a space equal to the breadth 

of the hand. 
Hand'cuff, n. a fetter for the wrist ; a manacle. 

— v. to manacle ; to fetter with handcuffs. 
Hand'fast, n. hold ; custody. — a. fast, as by 

contract. — v. to betroth ; to join solemnly 

by the hand ; to bind. 
Hand'fast-ing, n. a kind of marriage. 
Hand'gal-lop, n. a slow easy gallop. 
Hand-gre-nade', n. a ball filled with powder. 
Hand'gun, n. a gun wielded by the hand. 
Hand'i-craft, n. work performed by the hand. 
Hand'i-crafts-man, n. a manufacturer. 
Hand'i-work, n. work done by the hand. 
Hand'ker-chief, n. a piece of cloth used to 

wipe the face, or cover the neck. 
Hand'maid, n. a maid that waits at hand. 
Hand'maid-en, n. a maid-servant. 
Hand'mlll, n. a mill moved by the hand. 
Hand'sail§, n. sails managed by the hand. 
Hand'saw, n. a saw manageable by the hand. 
Hand'sm66th,<2<2. with dexterity or readiness. 
Hand'splke, n. a kind of wooden lever. 
Hand'staif, n. a javelin. 
* Hand'weap-on, n. a weapon in the hand. 
Hand'wrlt-ing, n. the form of writing peculiar 

to each hand or person ; an autograph. 
Hand'y-blow, n. a stroke by the hand. 
Hand'y-dand-y, n. a play among children. 
Hand'y-gripe, n. seizure by the hand. 
Hand'y-stroke, n. a blow by the hand. 

Hand'sel, han'sel, n. (S. hand, syllan) 
the first act of using any thing ; a gift ; 
an earnest. — v. to use any tiling for the 
first time. 

Hand'some, a. (S. hand, sum) ready; 

well formed ; beautiful ; graceful ; elegant ; 

ample ; liberal ; generous. 
Hand'some-ly, ad. gracefully ; generously. 
Hand'some-ness, n. beauty ; grace ; elegance. 

Hang, v. (S. hangian) to suspend ; to 
put to death by suspending ; to cover with 
something suspended; to depend; to dangle; 
to decline : p. t. and p. p. hanged or hung. 

Hang'er, n. one that hangs ; a short sword. 

Hanging, n. drapery hung or fastened against 
the walls of a room ; death by a halter ; 
display. — a. foreboding death by a halter. 

Hang'by, Hang'er-on, n.a servile dependant. 

Hang'man, n. a public executioner. 

Hank, n. (Ic.) a skein of thread ; a 
tie ; a check. — v. to form into hanks. 

Hank'er, v. (D. hunker eii) to long 
with keenness ; to linger with expectation. 
Hank'er-ing, n. a longing ; strong desire. 

Hap, n. (W.) chance ; fortune ; acci- 
dent ; casual event. — v. to befall. 
Hap'less, a. unhappy; unfortunate; luckless. 
Hap'ly, ad. perhaps ; it may be; by chance. 
Ilap'penjhap' come to pass ; to chance. 

Hap'py, a. lucky ; fortunate ; in a stale of 

felicity; blessed; ready; harmonious. 
Hap'pi-ly,ad. fortunately; in a state of felicity. 
H&p'pi-ness, n. good fortune ; felicity. 
Hap-haz'ard, n. chance ; accident. 

Ha-rangue', n. (Fr.) a speech; an 

oration. — v. to make a speech ; to address. 

Ha-rang'uer, n. an orator ; a public speaker. 

Har'ass, v. (Fr. harasser) to waste; to 
fatigue ; to perplex.— n. waste ; disturbance. 
Har'ass-er, n. one who harasses. 

Hart)m-§-er, n. (S. here, beorgan) a 

forerunner ; a precursor. 

Harbour, n. (S. here, beorgan) a lodg- 
ing ; a port or haven for ships ; an asylum. 
—v. to lodge ; to shelter ; to entertain. 

Har'bour-age, n. shelter ; entertainment. 

HaKbour-er, n. one who harbours. 

Har'bour-less, a. without harbour or shelter. 

Hard, a. (S. heard) firm ; not soft ; 
difficult ; laborious ; painful ; severe ; un- 
feeling ; unjust ; powerful ; avaricious.— 
ad. close ; near ; diligently ; laboriously ; 
earnestly ; nimbly ; violently. 

Hard'en, hard'n, v. to make or grow hard. 

Hard'ly, ad. not softly ; not easily ; scarcely. 

Hard'ness, n. the quality of being hard. 

Hardship, rc. toil; fatigue; injury; oppression. 

Har'dy, a. firm ; strong ; brave ; bold ; stout. 

Har'di-hood, n. boldness ; stoutness. 

Har'di-ness, n. firmness ; stoutness ; courage. 

Hard-be-set'ting, a. closely surrounding. 

Hard'bdund, a. costive. 

Hard'earned, a. earned with difficulty. 

Hard'fa-voured, a. coarse of features. 

Hard-fa'voured-ness,n. coarseness of features. 

Hard'f Ist-ed, a. covetous ; close-handed. 

Hard'fought, a. vigorously contested. 

Hard'got-ten, a. obtained by great labour. 

Hard'hand-ed, a. coarse ; severe. 

Hard'head, n. collision of heads. 

Hard'heart-ed, a. cruel ; pitiless ; unfeeling. 

Hard-heart'ed-ness, n. cruelty ; want of ten- 
derness ; want of compassion. 

Hard'la-boured, a. elaborate ; studied. 

Hard'mftuthed, a. not obedient to the bit. 

Hardware, n. manufactures of metal. ' 

Hard' ware-man, n. a dealer in hardware. 

Hare, n. (S. hard) a small quadruped ; 

a constellation. — v. to fright. 
Hare'bell, n. a flower. 
Harebrained, a. volatile ; giddy ; wild. 
Hare'hunt-er, n. one who hunts hares. 
Hare'hunt-ing, n. the hunting of hares. 
Harelip, n. a divided upper lip. 
Hare'plpe, n. a snare for catching hares. 

Ha/rem, n. (P.) the part of the house 
allotted to females in the East. 

Har'i-cot, har'i-co, n. (Fr.) a kind of 

ragout of meat and roots. 
Hark, v. {hearken) to listen.— mtf.hear ! 
Harl, n. the filaments of flax or hemp. 

Har'le-quin,n. (Fr. arlequin) a buffoon; 
a merry-andrew. — v. to conjure away. 

Har'lot, n. (W. her lodes ?) a prosti- 
tute.— a. lewd. — v. to practise lewdness. 
Har'lot-ry, n. ribaldry ; lewdness. 

Fate, fat, far, fall; me, met, there, her; pine, pin, field, fir; note, not, n5r, move, s<jn; 




Harm, n. (S. hearm) injury; crime; 

mischief; hurt. — v. to injure; to hurt. 
Harm'ful, a. hurtful ; mischievous. 
If arm'ful-ly, ad. hurtfully ; noxiously. 
JIarm'less, a. innocent ; not hurtful ; unhurt. 
Harm'less-ly, ad. innocently; without hurt. 
Harm'less-ness, n. quality of being harmless. 

Har'mo-ny, n. (Gr. harmonia) concord 
of sound; agreement ; consonance. 

llar-mon'ic, Har-mon'i-cal, a. relating to 
music or harmony ; concordant ; musical. 


Ifar-mo'ni-ous, a. concordant ; musical. 

IJar-mo'ni-ous-ly, ad. with harmony. 

Ilar', n. a musician ; a harmonizer. 

Har'mo-nlze, v. to adjust in fit proportions ; 
to make musical ; to agree ; to correspond. 

Har'mo-nlz-er, n. one who harmonizes. 

Har'ness, n. (Fr. harnois) armour ; 
furniture for horses.— v. to put on harness. 

Harp, n. {S.?tearpa)& musical instru- 
ment ; a constellation.— v. to play on the 
harp ; to dwell on ; to affect. 

Ilarp'er, n. one who plays on the harp. 

Harp'ing, n. the act of playing on the harp ; 
a continual dwelling on. 

Harp'ist, n. a player on the harp. 

Harp 'si-chord, n. a musical instrument. 

Har-poon', n. (Fr. harpon) a dart to 
strike whales with.— v. to strike with a 

Har-po-neer / , Har-podn'er, n. one who 
throws the harpoon in whale-fishing. 

Harp'ing-I-ron, n. a bearded dait. 

Har'py, n. (Gr. harpuia) a fabulous 
winged monster ; an extortioner. 

Har'que-buss. See Arquebuse. 

Har-ra-teun', n. a kind of cloth. 

Har'ri-dan, n. (Fr. huridelle) a de- 
cayed strumpet. 

Har'ri-er, ?i. {hare) a dog for hunting 

Har'row, n. (Ger. harke) a frame of 
timber set with teeth, to break clods and 
cover seed.— v. to break or cover with a 
harrow ; to tear up ; to disturb. 

Har'row-er, n. one who harrows. 

Har'ry, v. (S. hergian) to plunder ; 
to pillage ; to harass ; to tease ; to vex. 

Harsh, a. (Ger. harsch) austere; sour; 

rough ; crabbed ; rugged ; rigorous. 
Harshly, ad. austerely ; sourly ; severely. 
Harsh'ness, n. sourness ; roughness ; severity. 

Hart, n. (S. heort) the male of the roe. 
Harts'horn, n. the horn of the hart ; a drug. 
Harts'tongue, n. a plant. 

HAVvest, n. (S. hcerefcest) the season 
of reaping and gathering the crops ; corn 
ripened and gathered ; the product of 
labour.— v. to reap and gather. 

Har'vest-er, n. one who works at the harvest. 

1 Jar- vest-home', n. the song or feast at the 
conclusion of harvest. 

Har'vest-lord, n. the head reaper at harvest. 

Har'vest-queen, n. an image formerly carried 
about on the last day of harvest. 

Har 7 vest-man, n. a labourer in harvest. 

Has, third person singular of have. 
Hast, second person singular of have. 

Hash, v. (Fr. (hacher) to mince; to 
chop into small pieces. — n. minced meat. 

Haslet, Harslet, n. (Ic. hasla\) the 
heart, liver, and lights of a hog. 

Hasp, n. (S. hceps) a clasp folded over 
a staple.— v. to shut with a hasp. 

Has'sock, n. (Sw. hicass, saeck) a thick 
mat for kneeling upon. 

Haste, n. (Ger. hast) hurry; speed; 

precipitation. — v. to move with speed. 
Has'ten, has'n, v. to make haste; to urge on. 
Has'ten-er, ;?. one that hastens. 
Has'ty, a. quick ; speedy ; vehement ; rash. 
Has'ti-ly, ad. with haste ; speedily; quickly. 
Has'ti-ness, n. speed ; hurry; irritability. 
Has'tings, n. pi. early peas ; early fruit. 
Has-ty-pud'ding, n. a pudding made of water 

or milk and flour boiled together. 

Hat, n. (S. hcet) a cover for the head. 
Hat'ted, a. wearing a hat. 
Hat'ter, n. one who makes or sells hats. 
Hat'band, n. a string tied round the hat. 
Hat'bdx, Hat'case, n. a box or case for a hat 

Hatch, v. (Ger. heckeri) to produce 

young from eggs ; to plot.— n. a brood. 
Hatch'er, n. a contriver. 

Hatch, ?2. (S. hepea) a half door: pi. 

the" openings in a ship's deck. 
Hatch'way, h. the way through the hatches. 

Hatch, v. (Fr. hacher) to shade by 

lines in drawing and engraving. 
Hatch'ing, ?i. a kind of drawing or engraving. 

Hatch 'el, ?i. (Ger. hechel) an instru- 
ment for beating flax.— r. to beat flax. 

Hatch'et, 72. (Ger. hacke) a small axe. 
Hatcli'et-face, n. a prominent ill-formed face. 

Hatch'ment, ji. {achievement) an ar- 
morial escutcheon. 

Hate, v. (S. hatian) to dislike greatly; 

to detest ; to abhor. — ;?, great dislike. 
Hate'ful, a. odious ; detestable ; malignant. 
Hate'ful-ly, ad. odiously ; malignantly. 
Hate'ful-ness, n. odiousness. 
Hat'er, n. one who hates. 
Ha'tred, n. great dislike ; enmity. 

HauHberk, n. (S. hah, beorgan) a coat 
of mail without sleeves. 

Haught, hat, a. (L. alius) high; proud. 
Haught'y, a. proud ; disdainful ; arrogant. 
Haught'i-ly, ad. proudly ; arrogantly. 
Haught'i-ness, ji. pride ; arrogance. 
Hau-teur', n. (Fr.) pride; haughtiness. 

Haul, v. (Fr. haler) to pull ; to draw; 
to drag by force.— n. a. pull ; a draught. 

Haum, n. (S. healm) straw ; stubble. 

HauncA, n. (Fr. hanche) the thigh ; 
the hip. 

Haunt, v. (Fr. hanter) to frequent ; to be 
much about.— n. a place much frequented. 

tube, tub, full ; cry, crypt, myrrh ; toll, boy, our, now, new- ; cede, germ, rai^e, exist, thin. 




ll&unt'er, n. one who haunts. 

Haut/boy, ho'boy, n. (Fr. haut, bois) 
a wind instrument. 

Have, v. (S. habbari) to possess; to 
hold ; to enjoy ; to maintain ; to require ; 
to procure; to contain: p.t. and p.p. had. 

Hav'er, n. a possessor ; a holder. 

Having, n. possession ; estate ; fortune. 

Ha'ven, ha/vn, n. (S. h&fen) a port. 
Ha'ven-er, n. an overseer of a port. 

Hav'er-sack, n. (Fr. havre-sac) a bag 
in which soldiers carry provisions. 

Hav'oc, n. (S. hafoc ?) waste ; devas- 
tation. — v. to lay waste ; to destroy. 

Haw, n. (S. hag a) the berry and seed 

of the hawthorn. 
Haw'thorn, n. a thorn which bears haws. 

Haw, v. (Ger. hauchl) to speak slowly 

and with hesitation. 
Hawk, n. (S. hafoc) a bird of prey. — 

v. to fly hawks at fowls ; to fly at. 
Hawked, a. formed like a hawk's bill. 
Hawk'er, n. a falconer. 
Hawk'ing, n. the diversion of flying hawks. 
Hawk'no§ed, a. having an aquiline nose. 

Hawk, v. (Ger. hauch) to force up 

phlegm with a noise. 
Hawk'ing, n. the act of forcing up with noise. 

Hawk, v. (Ger. huckeri) to offer for 

sale by crying in the streets. 
Hawk'er, n. one who hawks goods. 

Haw'ser. See Halser. 

Hay, n. (S. heg) grass dried for fodder. 
Hayloft, n. a loft to put hay in. 
Hay'mak-er, n. one employed in making hay. 

Haz'ar d,n . ( Yv.hasa rd ) chance ;danger ; 

a game at dice. — v. to try the chance. 
Haz'ard-a-ble, a. liable to hazard. 
Haz'ard-er, n. one who hazards ; a gamester. 
Haz'ard-ous, a. exposed to hazard ; dangerous. 

Haze, n. (Ic. haesl) fog ; mist. 
Ha'zy, a. foggy; misty; dark. 

Ha'zel, ha'zl, n. (S. hcesl) a shrub which 

bears nuts.— a. like hazel ; light brown. 
Ha'zel-ly, a. of the colour of hazel-nut. 
Ha'zel-nut, n. the nut or fruit of the hazel. 

He, pr. (S.) the man ; the person. 

Head, n. (S. heafod) the part of an 
animal' which contains the brain ; the 
chief; the principal; the first place; un- 
derstanding ; front ; fore part ; top ; source ; 
topic of discourse ; power; crisis. — a. chief. 

Head'ed, a. having a head or top. 

Head'er, n. one who heads. 

Headless, a. having no head. 

Head'ship, n. chief place ; authority. 

Head'y, a. rash ; hasty ; violent. 

Head'i-ness, n. rashness ; precipitation. 

Headache, n. pain in the head. 

Head'band, n. a fillet for the head. 

Head'bor-ougb, n. a constable. 

Head'dress, n. a covering for the head. 

Head'gear, n. the dress of the head. 

Headland, n. a promontory ; a cape. 

Heading, a. steep; rash; sudden.— ad. with 
head foremost ; rashly ; hastily. 

HeaxTman, n. a chief; a leader. 

Head r mon-ey, n. a capitation tax. 

Head'piece, n. a helmet ; understanding. 

Head'quar-ters, the quarters of the chief 
commander of an army; the place from 
which orders are issued. 

Head'shake, n. a significant shake of the head. 

Heads/nian, n. an executioner. 

Head'sprlng, n. fountain ; origin. 

Headstall, n. part of a bridle. 

Head'stoncfi.the capital stone; a grave-stone. 

Headstrong, a. ungovernable ; obstinate. 

Head'strong-ness, n. obstinacy. 

Head'tire, n. attire for the head. 

Head-work'man, n. the chief workman. 

Heal, I?. (S.hcelan) to cure ; to grow well. 

Header, n. one who heals. 

Hearing, n. the act or power of curing.— a. 
tending to cure ; mild ; mollifying. 

Health, n. freedom from bodily pain or sick- 
ness ; a sound state ; purity ; salvation ; 
wish of happiness. 

Health/ml, a. free from sickness ; serving to 
promote health ; wholesome ; salutary. 

Healtb/ful-ly, ad. in health ; wholesomely. 

Health'ful-ness, n. the state of being well ; 
wholesomeness ; salubrity. 

Healthless, a. sickly; weak; infirm. 

HSalth'some, a. salutary ; wholesome. 

Health'y, a. enjoying health ; conducive to 
health ; sound ; wholesome ; salubrious. 

Health'i-ness, n. the state of health. 

Heap, n. (S.) a pile; amass; an accu- 
mulation. — v. to pile ; to accumulate. 
Heap'y, a. lying in heaps. 

Hear, v. (S. hyran) to perceive by the 
ear ; to listen ; to be told ; to give audience ; 
to attend : p.t. and p.p. heard. 

Hear'er, n. one who hears. 

Hear'ing, n. the sense by which sounds are 
perceived ; audience ; a judicial trial. 

Hearsay, n. report ; rumour. 

Hear'ken, har'kn, v. (S. heorcnian) to 

listen ; to attend ; to pay regard. 
Heai^ken-er, n. one who hearkens. 

Hearse, n. (Fr. herse ?) a carriage to 
convey the dead.— v. to inclose in a hearse. 
Hearse'clOth, n. a cloth to cover a hearse. 
Hearse'llke, a. suitable to a funeral. 

Heart, n. (S. heorte) the primary organ 
of the motion of the blood in an animal 
body ; the vital part ; the chief part ; the 
inner part ; courage ; spirit ; affection. — 
v. to encourage ; to animate. 

Hearted, a. seated or fixed in the heart. 

Heart'ed-ness, n. sincerity ; warmth ; zeal. 

Heart'en, hart'n, v. to encourage; to animate. 

Heart'en-er, n. one that animates. 

Heartless, a. void of affection ; spiritless. 

Heart'less-ness, n. want of affection or spirit. 

Hearfy, a. cordial ; sincere ; zealous. 

Heart'i-ly, ad. from the heart ; sincerely. 

Heart'i-ness, n. sincerity ; zeal ; eagerness. 

Hearfache, n. sorrow ; pang ; anguish. 

Heart r ap-pall-ing, a. dismaying the heart. 

Hearfblodd, n. the blood of the heart ; life. 

Heartbreak, n. overpowering sorrow. 

Hearfbreak-ing,a.o verpowering with sorrow 

Fatt, fat, far, fall; me, met, there, her; pine, pin, field, fir; note, not, nor, move, son 




Hearfbrgd, a. bred in the heart. 

Heart'bro-ken, a. overpowered with grief. 

Heart'burn, n. an affection of the stomach. 

Heart'burned, a. having the heart inflamed. 

Heart'burn-ing, n. pain in the stomach ; dis- 
content ; enmity.— a. causing discontent. 

Heart'chllled, a. having the heart chilled. 

Heart'con-sum-ing, a. destroying the peace. 

Heart'dear, a. sincerely beloved. 

Heart'deep, a. rooted in the heart. 

Heartsease, n. quiet ; tranquillity. 

Heart'ea^-ing, a. giving quiet. 

Heart'eat-ing, a. preying on the heart. 

Heart'ex-pand-ing, a. opening the feelings. 

Heartfelt, a. felt at heart ; deeply felt. 

Heart'grief, n. affliction of the heart. 

Heart'har-dened, a. obdurate ; impenitent. 

Heart'of-fend-ing, a. wounding the heart. 

Heart'quell-ing, a. conquering the affection. 

Heart'rend-ing,a.overpowering with anguish. 

Heart'rob-bing, a. stealing the affections. 

HeartYease, n. a plant. 

Heart'slck, a. pained in mind or heart. 

Heart'sore, 11. that which pains the heart. — 
a. violent with pain of heart. 

Heart'sor-row-ing, a. sorrowing at heart. 

Heart'strTngs, n. pi. the tendons or nerves 
supposed to brace and sustain the heart. 

Heart'struck,a.driven to the heart; dismayed. 

Heart'sw£ll-ing, a. rankling in the heart. 

Heart'whole, a. with affections untouched. 

Heart'wound-ed, a. filled with love or grief. 

Heart'wound-ing, a. filling with grief. 

Hearth, n. (S. heorth) a place for a fire. 
Uearth'mon-ey, Hearth'pen-ny, n. a tax un 

Heat, n. (S. hcetu) the sensation pro- 
duced by a hot substance ; caloric ; hot 
air ; flush ; excitement ; agitation ; passion ; 
ardour ; a course at a race ; a single effort. 
— v. to make hot ; to warm. 

Heat'er, a. one that heats. 

Heat'less ; a. cold ; without warmth. 

HCat'ful, a. full of warmth. 

Heath, n. (S. hceth) a shrub ; a place 

overgrown with heath ; a wild tract. 
Heath'er, n. a shrub ; heath. 
Heath'y, a. full of heath. 
Heath'cOck, n. a bird that frequents heaths. 
Heath'pOut, n. a bird. 

Hea'then , he'thii,w.(S./2 cethen)one igno- 
rant of the true God ; a pagan ; a gentile ; 
the gentile nations.— a. pagan ; gentile. 

Hea'then-ish, a. belonging to the heathens. 

Hea'then-ish-ly^ the manner of heathens. 

Hea'then-ish-ness, n. state of the heathens. 

Hea'then-ism, n. paganism ; gentilism. 

Hea'then-Ize, v. to render heathenish. 

Heave, v. (S. hebban) to lift ; to raise ; 
to throw ; to cause to swell ; to pant : 
p.t. heaved or hove ; p.p. heaved or hoven. 

Heave, n. a rising ; a swell ; an effort. 

Heav'er, n. one who heaves. 

Heaving n. a panting ; a rising ; a swell. 

Heave'of-fer-ing, n. an offering among the 

Heav'en, hev'n, n. (S. keofon) the ex- 
panse of the sky ; the regions above ; the 
habitation of ijiod and the blessed; the 
Supreme Power. 

Heav'en-Ize, v. to render like heaven. 

Heav'en-ly, a. resembling heaven ; celestial ; 
supremely excellent. — ad. in the manner 
of heaven ; by the influence of heaven. 

Heav'en-li-ness, n. supreme excellence. 

Heav'en- ward, ad. towards heaven. 

HeaVen-born, a. descended from heaven. 

Heav'en-bred, a. produced in heaven. 

Heav'en-bullt, a. built by divine agency. 

Heav'en-di-rect-ed, a. raised toward heaven ; 
taught or directed by heaven. 

Heav'en-glft-ed, a. bestowed by heaven. 

Heav'en-ly-mlnd-ed, a. having the affections 
placed on heaven and spiritual things. 

Heav'en-ly-mind-ed-ness, n. the state of hav- 
ing the affections placed on spiritual things. 

Heav'en-war-ring, a. warring against heaven. 

Heav'y, a. (S. hefig) weighty; ponder- 
ous ; sorrowful ; dejected ; afflictive ; bur- 
densome ; sluggish — ad. with great weight. 

Heav'i-ly, ad. with great weight. 

Heav'i-ness, n. weight ; depression. 

Heb'do-mad, n . (Gr. hebdomas) a week. 
Heb-d6m'a-dal, Heb-dom'a-da-ry, a. weekly. 
Heb-do-mat'i-cal, a. weekly. 

Heb'e-tate,u.(L.fofos) to dull ; to blunt. 
Heb'ete, a. dull ; stupid. 
HeVe-tude, n. dulness ; bluntness. 

He'brew, he'bru, n. (H. Eber) an 
Israelite; a Jew ; the Hebrew language. — 
a. relating to the people or language ol 
the Jews. 

He'brew-ess, n. an Israelitish woman. 

lle'bra-ism, n. a Hebrew idiom. 

He'bra-ist, n. one skilled in Hebrew. 

He-brl'cian, n. one skilled in Hebrew. 

Hec'a-tomb,hec'a-t6m,rc. {Gr.kekaton^ 

bous) a sacrifice of a hundred oxen. 
HeVtic, Hec'ti-cal, a. (Gr. hexis) 

habitual ; constitutional ; morbidly hot. 
HeVtic, n. a hectic fever. 
HeVti-cal-ly, ad. constitutionally. 

Hec'tor, n. (Gr.) a bully.— v. to bully. 
Hec'tor-ly, a. blustering; insolent. 

Hedge, ?i. (S. hege) a fence made of 
thorns or shrubs.— v. to inclose with a 
hedge ; to surround ; to hide ; to skulk. 

Hedg'er, n. one who works at hedges. 

Hexl^e'born, a. of mean birth ; obscure. 

Hedge'htfg, n. an animal set with prickles. 

Hedge'note, n. a term for low writing. 

Hedge'plg, n. a young hedgehog. 

HSdge'row, n. a row of trees or bushes. 

H6dge'spar-row, n. a bird. 

HSdg'ing-blll, n. a hook for cutting hedges. 

Heed, v. (S. hedan) to mind ; to re- 
gard ; to attend. — n. care ; caution ; notice. 
Heed'ful, a. watchful ; cautious ; attentive. 
Heed'ful-ly, ad. attentively ; carefully. 
Heed'ful-ness,?*. caution; vigilance; attention. 
Hged'less, a. negligent ; inattentive ; careless. 
Heed'less-ly, ad. carelessly ; inattentively. 
Heed'less-ness, n. carelessness ; negligence. 

Heel, n. (S. hel) the hind part of the 
foot.— v. to dance ; to add a heel. 

HeeTpiece, v. to put a piece of leather on a 
shoe-heel.—/?, a piece fixed upon the heel. 

tube, tQb, full; cry, crypt, myrrh ; toll, boy, Our, n5w, new ; cede, gem, raise, exist, thin. 




Heft, n. (heave) heaving ; effort. 
Heft'ed, a. heaved ; expressing agitation. 

He-ge-mon'ic, He-ge-mon'i-cal, a. (Gr. 
hegemon) ruling ; predominant. 

He-gi'ra, He§'i-ra, n. (Ar.) the Mo- 
hammedan epoch or era, reckoned from 
the day of Mohammed's flight from Mecca, 
July 16, A. D. 622. 

Heifer, n. (S. heahfore) a young cow. 

Heighlio, hilio, int. expressing lan- 
guor or uneasiness. 

Height,hit,n. (S.heah) elevation; alti- 
tude ; summit ; high place ; utmost degree. 
Heighten, hlt'n, v. to raise high ; to improve. 
Height'en-ing, n. improvement ; aggravation. 

Hei'nous, a. (Fr. haine) atrocious. 
Hei'nous-ly, ad. atrociously ; wickedly. 
Hei'nous-ness, n. atrociousness ; wickedness. 

Heir, ar, n. (L. hceres) one who in- 
herits, or succeeds to the property of an- 
other. — v. to inherit. 

Heir'dom, n. the state or possession of an heir. 

H&r'ess, n. a female who inherits. 

Heirless, a. without an heir. 

Heirship, n. the state of an heir. 

Heir'loom, n. any furniture or moveable 
which descends by inheritance. 

Held, p. t. and p.p. of hold. 

He-li'a-cal, a. (Gr. helios) emerging 
from the light of the sun, or entering it. 

He-ll'a-cal-ly, ad. as if emerging from the 
light of the sun. 

He'li-o-trope, n. (Gr. helios, trepo) a 
plant which turns towards the sun ; the 
sunflower ; a mineral. 

Helix, n. (Gr.) a spiral line ; a winding. 
HeTi-cal, a. spirux ; winding. 

Hell, n. (S.) the place of the devil and 

wicked souls. 
Hell'ish, a. relating to hell ; infernal, 
llell'ish-ly, ad. infernally; wickedly. 
HSlfish-ness, n. extreme wickedness. 
Hell' ward, ad. towards hell. 
Hell'y, a. having the qualities of hell. 
Hell'black, a. black as hell. 
HeU'born, a. born in hell. 
Hell'brSd, a. produced in hell. 
Hell'brewed, a. prepared in hell. 
Hgll'brdth, n. an infernal composition. 
HSU'cat, n. a witch ; a hag. 
Hell'doomed, a. consigned to hell. 
Hell'gov-erned, a. directed by hell. 
Hgirhag, n. a hag of hell. 
Hell'hat-ed, a. abhorred like hell. 
Heirhaunt-ed, a. haunted by the devil. 
HSll'hdund, n. a dog of hell ; an agent of hell. 
Hell'klte, n. a kite of infernal breed. 

HeTle-bore, n. (Gr. helleboros) a plant. 
HeTle-bo-rism, n. a preparation of hellebore. 

Helle-nic, a. (Gr. Helleri) Grecian. 

HeTle-nism, n. a Greek idiom. 

HeTle-nist, n. one skilled in the Greek lan- 
guage; a Jew who spoke the Greek language. 

Hel-le-nls'tic, HSl-le-nls'ti-cal, a. pertaining 
to the Hellenists. 

Hel-le-nls'ti-cal-ly, ad. according to the 

Hellenistic dialect. 
HeTle-nlze, v. to use the Greek language. 

Helm, n. (S. helma) the instrument 

by which a ship is steered. — v. to steer. 
Heinis/man, n. one who steers a vessel. 

Helm, n. (S.) armour for the head. 
Helmed, a. furnished with a helm. 
HeTmet, n.armour for the head; ahead-piece. 
HeTmet-ed, a. wearing a helmet. 

HeTot, n. (Gr. helos) a Spartan slave. 

Help, v. (S. helpari) to assist ; to sup- 
port ; to aid ; to relieve ; to remedy ; to 
prevent; to avoid. — n. assistance; aid; 
support ; succour. 

Help'er, n. one who helps ; an assistant. 

Help'ful, a. giving help ; useful ; salutary. 

Help'ful-ness, n. assistance ; usefulness. 

Hglp'less, a. wanting help or support. 

Help'less-ly, ad. without help or support. 

Help'less-ness, n. want of ability or succour. 

Help'niate, n. a companion ; an assistant. 

Hel'ter-skel-ter, ad. (L. hilariter, cele- 
riter?) in hurry and confusion. 

Helve, n. (S. helf) the handle of an axe. 

Hem, n. (S.) the edge of a garment 
doubled and sewed ; a border.— v. to form 
a hem ; to border ; to inclose. 

Hem, n. (D. hemmen) a sort of volun- 
tary cough. — v. to utter a hem. — int. hem ! 

Hem'i-cy-cle, n. (Gr. hemisus, kuklos 
a half circle. 

}lem / i-si)\ieYe,n.(QxY.hemisus i sphaira) 
half a sphere or globe. 

Hfim-i-spher'ic, Hem-i-spheVi-cal, a. con- 
taining half a sphere ; half round. 

Hem'i-stich, n. (Gr. hemisus, stichos) 

half a verse ; a verse not completed. 
Hem'i-stlch-al, a. pertaining to a hemistich. 

Hemlock, n. (S. hemleac) a plant. 
Hem'or-rhage, Hem'or-rha-£y,7i. (Gr. 
haima, rheghuo) a flux of blood. 

Hem'or-rhoids, n. pi. (Gr. haima, rheo) 

the piles ; emerods. 
Hem'or-rh6id-al, a. relating to hemorrhoids. 

Hemp, n. (S. hanep) a fibrous plant. 
Hemp'en, a. made of hemp. 
Hemp'y, a. resembling hemp. 

Hen, n. (S.) the female of birds ; the 

female of the domestic fowl. 
Hen'bane, n. a poisonous plant. 
Hen'heart-ed, a. cowardly; dastardly. 
Hen'pecked, a. governed by a wife. 
Hen'rodst, n. a place where poultry roost. 

Hence, ad. (S. heona) from this place ; 

from this time ; from this cause. 
Hence-forth', ad. from this time forward. 
HSnce-for'ward, ad. from this time forward. 

Henp/i'man, n. (S. hina, man) an at- 

Hen-de-ca-syTla-ble, n. (Gr. hendeka, 
sullabe) a metrical line of eleven syllables. 

Fate- fat, far. fall; me, met, there, her; pine, pin, field, fir; note, n5t, nor, move, sonj 




He-pat'ic, He-pat'i-cal, a. (Gr. hepar) 
belonging to the liver. 

Hep'ta-gon, n. (Gr. hepta, gonid) a 

figure with seven angles and sides. 
llep-tag'o-nal, a. having seven angles. 

Hep-tam'er-ede, n. (Gr. hepta, meris) 
that which divides into seven parts. 

Hep'tar-chy, n. (Gr. hepta, arche) a 

sevenfold government. 
Hep-tar'chic, a. denoting sevenfold rule. 
Ilep'tar-chist, n. one of seven rulers. 

Her, pr. (S. hyre) belonging to a 
female ; the objective case of she. 

Hers, the possessive case of she. 

ller-self , jrr. the emphatic and reciprocal 
form of she and her. 

Her'ald, n. (Ger. herold) an officer 
whose business it is to carry messages be- 
tween princes, and to regulate all matters 
at public ceremonies ; a proclaimer ; a 
forerunner. — v. to introduce as by herald. 

Ile-ral'dic, a. relating to heraldry. 

Her'ald-ry, n. the art or office of a herald. 

Her / ald-ship, n. the office of a herald. 

Herb, erb, n. (L. herba) a plant with 
a soft or succulent stalk ; a vegetable. 

Her-ba'ceous, a. belonging to herbs. 

Her'bage, n. herbs collectively; grass. 

Her'baged, a. covered with grass. 

HeVbaf, a. pertaining to herbs. — n. a book 
on plants ; a collection of preserved plants. 


Her'ba-rlze, v. to gather herbs. 

Her'ba-ry, n. a garden of herbs. 

Her'be-let, n. a small herb. 

Herb'less, a. destitute of herbs. 

Her-bo-ri-za'tion, n. the appearance of plants 
in mineral substances. 

llerb'y, a. having the nature of herbs. 

ILer-biv'o-rous, a. feeding on herbs. 

Ilerb'wom-an, n. a woman who sells herbs. 

Her-cule-an, a. like Hercules; very 
strong ; large ; massy. 

Herd, n. (S. heord) a number of beasts 
together; a drove ; a company; a keeper 
of cattle. — i'. to run in herds ; to associate. 

I [crd'man,IIerdb'nian,7i.onewhotends herds. 

Here, ad. (S. her) in this place or state. 
Ilere'a-bOut, Here'a-boats, ad. about this 

Here-after, ad. in time to come ; in future. 

— n. a future state. 
Here-at', ad. at this. 
Here-by', ad. by this. 
Ilere-Tn', ad, in this. 
Here-In'td, ad. into this. 
H6re-6f, ad. of this ; from this. 
Here-on', ad. upon this. 
Here-Out', ad. out of this place. 
Here-to-lore', ad. formerly ; anciently. 
Here-un-to', ad. to this. 
Here-up-On', ad. upon this. 
Here-wlth', ad. with this. 

He-red'i-ta-ry, a. (L. kceres) descend- 
ing by inheritance. 
He-red'i-ta-ble, a. that may be inherited. 
Iler-e-dlt'a-ment, n. hereditary estate. 

Jle-red'i-ta-ri-ly, ad. by inheritance. 
Her'i-ta-ble, a" capable of being inherited. 
Her'i-tage, n. an inheritance ; an estate. 

Her'e-mite. See Hermit. 

HeVe-sy, n. (Gr. haireo) a fundamental 
error in religion ; an unsound opinion. 

Her'e-si-arch, n. a leader in heresy. 

Her'e-^i-ar-chy, n. principal heresy. 

Her'e-tic, n. one who entertains erroneous 
opinions in religion. 

He-ret'i-cal, a. containing heresy. 

He-ret'i-cal-ly, ad. in a heretical manner. 

Her'i-ot, n. (S. here, geotan) a fine 
paid to the lord of a manor at the decease 
of a landlord or vassal. 

Her'i-o-ta-ble, a. subject to the fine of heriot. 

Her'i-ta-ble. See under Hereditary. 

Her-maph'ro-dite, n. (Gr. Hermes, 
Aphrodite) an animal or plant uniting the 
distinctions of the two sexes. 

Her-maph-ro-de'i-ty, n. the union cf the 
two sexes in one individual. 

Her-maph-ro-dlt'ic, ller-maph-ro-dlt'i-cal, 
a. partaking of both sexes. 

Her-maph-ro-dlt'i-cal-ly, ad. after the man- 
ner of a hermaphrodite. 

Hcr-met'ic, Her-met'i-cal, a. (Gr. 

Hermes) chemical ; perfectly close. 
Iler-met'i-cal-ly, ad. chemically; closely. 

Her-me-neu'tic, Her-me-neu'ti-cal, a. 
(Gr. Hermes) interpreting. 

Her'mit, n. (Gr. eremos) one who se- 
cludes himself from society; a recluse. 
Her'mi-tage, n. the habitation of a hermit. 
Iler'mi-ta'-ry, n. a cell annexed to an abbey. 
Her'mi-tess* n. a female hermit. 
Iler-mlt'i-cal, a. suitable to a hermit. 

Hern. See Heron. 

Her'ni-a, n. (L.) a rupture. 

He'ro, n. (Gr. heros) a man eminent 
for bravery ; a great warrior. 

He-ro'i-cal, a. relating to a hero ; like a hero. 

He-ro'i-cal-ly, ad. in the manner of a hero. 

He-ro'ic, a. pertaining to a hero; reciting 
the acts of heroes ; brave ; magnanimous. 
— n. a heroic verse. 

He-ro'ic-ly, ad. suitably to a hero. 

Her'o-ine*, n. a female hero. 

HeVo-isni, ?*. qualities or character of a hero. 

He'ro-ship, n. the character of a hero. 

He-ro-i-com'ic, He-ro-i-cOm'i-cal, a. consist- 
ing of the heroic and the ludicrous. 

Her'on, n. (Fr.) a large bird. 
Her'on-ry, n. a place where herons breed. 
Her'on-shaw, Hern'shaw, n. a heron. 

Her'pes, n. (Gr.) a cutaneous disease. 

Her'ring, n. (S. having) a fish. 

Herse. See Hearse. 

HeYi-tate, ?;, (L. ha?sam) to be doubt- 
ful ; to delay ; to pause. 
H£s/i-tan-cy, n. uncertainty ; suspense. 
HeYi-tant/a. pausing; wanting fluency. 
H6§-i-ta'tion, n. doubt ; a stammering. 

tube, tub, full ; cry, crypt, myrrh ; toll, bo?, Our, now, new; cede, geni, raise, exist, thin. 




Het'er-ar-chy, n. (Gr. heteros, arche) 
the government of an alien. 

Het'er-o-cllte, n. (Gr. heteros •, klitos) 
an irregular word.— a. irregular. 

Het-er-o-clit'i-cal, Hgt-er-oc'li-tous, a. irre- 
gular ; anomalous. 

HeYer-o-dox, a, (Gr. heteros, doxa) 
differing from the established opinion ; not 
orthodox ; heretical ; erroneous. 

Het'er-o-dox-y,?i.erroneous doctrine ; heresy. 

Het'er-o-gene, Het-er-o-^e 'ne-al, Het- 
er-o-ge'ne-ous, a. (Gr. heteros, genos) of a 
different kind or nature ; dissimilar. 

n. opposition or difference o*f nature. 

Het-er-6Ycian, a. (Gr. heteros, skia) 
having the shadow falling only one way. 

Hevv, v. (S. heaivan) to cut as with an 
axe ; to hack ; to chop ; to make smooth ; 
to form : p.p. hewn or hewed. 

Hew'er, n. one who hews. 

Hex'a-gon, n. (Gr. hex,gonia) a figure 

with six sides and angles. 
Hex-ag'o-nal, a. having six sides and angles. 
Hex-ag'o-ny, n. a figure with six angles. 

Hex-am'e-ter, n. (Gr. hex, metron) a 

verse of six metrical feet. — a. having six feet. 
Hex-a-met'ric, Hex-a-met'ri-cal, a. consist- 
ing of hexameters. 

Hex-an'gu-lar, a. (Gr. hex, L.angulus) 
having six angles or corners. 

Hex'a-pod,n. (Gr. hex, pous) an animal 
with six feet. 

Hex'a-stich, n. (Gr. hex, stichos) a 
poem of six lines. 

Hey, int. (highV) an expression of joy, 
or mutual exhortation. 

Hey'day, int. an expression of frolic, exulta- 
tion, or wonder.— n. a frolic; wildness. 

Hi-a'tus, n. (L.) a gap ; a chasm. 

Ul-a'tion, n. the act of gaping. 

Hi-ber'nate, v. (L. hiberno) to winter. 
Hl-ber'nal, a. belonging to the winter. 
Hl-ber-na'tion, n. act of passing the winter. 

Hl-ber'ni-an,w. (L. Hibernia) a native 
of Ireland. — a. relating to Ireland. 

Hic'cough, hik^kof, Hick'up, n. (D. 
hicken) a spasmodic affection of the sto- 
mach. — v. to utter a hiccough. 

Hi-daTgo, n. (Sp.) a Spanish nobleman. 

Hide, v . (S. hydari) to conceal ; to cover ; 
to protect : p. t. hid ; p.p. hid or hid'den. 
Hld'er, n. one who hides. 
Hld'ing, n. concealment. 
Hlde'and-seek, n. a game. 
Hld / ing-pla9e, n. a place of concealment. 

Hide, n. (S.hyde) the skin of an animal; 

a certain quantity of land. 
Hidebound, a. having the skin close. 

Hid'e-ous, a. (Fr. hideux) horrible ; 

frightful ; dreadful ; shocking. 
Hld'e-ous-ly, ad. horribly; dreadfully. 
Hld'e-ous-ness, n. horribleness ; dreadfulness. 

Hie, v. (S. higan) to hasten. 

Hi'e-rarch, n. (Gr. hieros, arche) the 

chief of a sacred order. 
Hl-e-rarck'al, Hl-e-rarch'i-cal, a. belonging 

to sacred or ecclesiastical government. 
Hi'e-rarch-y, n. order or rank of celestial 

beings ; ecclesiastical government. 

Hi'er-o- glyph, Hi-er-o-glyph'ic,?2. (Gr. 
hieros, glupho) a symbolical character ; 
the art of writing in picture. 

Hl-er-o-gl^ph'ic, Hi-er-o-glyph'i-cal, a. em- 
blematical ; expressing by pictures. 

Hl-er-o-glyph'i-cal-ly, ad. emblematically. 

Hi'er-o-gram, n. (Gr. hieros, gramma) 

a kind of sacred writing, 
Hl-er-o-gram-mat'ic, a. denoting a kind of 

sacred writing. 
Hi-er-o-gram'ma-tist, n. a sacred writer. 

Hi-er-o-graph'ic, Hl-er-o-graph'i-cal, 
a. (Gr. hieros, grapho) pertaining to sacred 

Hi'er-o-phant, n. (Gr. hieros, phaino) 
a priest ; one who teaches religion. 

Hig'gle,vXhaggle' l .)to chaffer; to peddle. 
Hlg'gler, n. one who higgles. 

High, hi, a. (S. heah) elevated ; exalted ; 

difficult ; proud ; lofty ; noble ; violent ; 

full ; exorbitant. — ad. aloft ; aloud ; greatly; 

powerfully. — n. an elevated place. 
Highly, ad. aloft ; in a great degree. 
Hlgh'ness, n. elevation ; loftiness ; dignity ; 

excellence ; a title of princes. 
Highland, n. a mountainous region. 
Hlgh'land-er, n. an inhabitant of mountains. 
Hlgh'land-ish.. a. denoting mountainous land. 
Hlgh'way, n. a public road. 
High' way-man, n. a robber on the highway 
Hlgh'airned, a. having lofty designs. 
Hlgh'arched, a. having lofty arches. 
Hlgh'blSst, a. supremely happy. 
Hlgh'blown, a. much inflated. 
Hlgh'born, a. of noble extraction. 
High/built, a. of lofty structure. 
Hlgh'cllmb-ing, a. difficult to ascend. 
Hlgh'col-oured, a. having a deep colour. 
Hlgh'day, a. fine ; befitting a holiday. 
Hlgh'de-slgn-ing, a. having great schemes. 
Hlgh'em-bowed, a. having lofty arches. 
Hlgh'en-gen-dered, a. formed aloft. 
Hlgh'fgd, a. fed luxuriously ; pampered. 
Hlgh'flam-ing, a. throwing flame high. 
Hlgh'fll-er, n. one extravagant in opinion. 
Hlgh'flown, a. elevated ; proud ; extravagant. 
High'flushed, a. elevated ; elated. 
Hlgh'fly-ing, a. extravagant in opinion. 
Hlgh'gaz-ing, a. looking upwards. 
Hlgb/go-ing, a. moving rapidly. 
High/grown, a. having the crop grown. 
Hlgh'heaped, a. covered with high piles. 
HlghTieart-ed, a. full of courage. 
HlghTieeled, a. having high heels. 
HighTitmg, a. hung aloft ; elevated. 
Hlgh'm£t-tled, a. having high spirit. 
Hlgh'mlnd-ed, a. proud ; magnanimous. 
Hlgh'pl^ed, a. elevated in situation or rank. 
Hlgh'rai§ed, a. raised aloft ; elevated. 
Hlgh'rea9h-ing,a.reaching upwards; aspiring 
Hlgh'reared, a. of lofty structure. 
Hlgh'rgd, a. of a deep red colour. 

Fate, fat, far, fall; me, met, there, her; pine, pin, field, fir; note, not, nor, m6ve, son; 




nigh're-§6lved, a. very resolute. 
Hlgh'rdofed, a- having a lofty roof. 
Hlgh'sea-s.oned, a. enriched with spices. 
Hlgh'sfiat-ed, a. fixed above. 
Hlgh'slght-ed, a. always looking upwards. 
Hlgh'splr-it-ed, a. bold ; daring ; insolent. 
Hlgh'stom-ached, a. proud ; obstinate. 
Hlgh'swell-ing, a. swelling greatly ; inflated. 
Hlgh'swoln, a. swoln to the utmost. 
Hlgh'tast-ed, a. having a strong relish. 
Hlgh'tow-ered, a. having lofty towers. 
Hlgh'vlced, a. enormously wicked. 
High/wrought, a. inflamed to a high degree ; 

accurately finished. 
Hlgh'wa-ter, n. the utmost flow of the tide. 

Hi-lar'i-ty, n. (L. hilaris) mirth ; gaiety. 

HiTding, n. (S. hyldanl) a mean 

cowardly person. 
Hill, n. (S.) an elevation of ground 

less than a mountain ; an eminence. 
Hilled, a. having hills. 
Hlll'ing, n. an accumulation. 
Hlll'ock, n. a little hill. 
Hlll'y, a. full of hills. 

Hilt, n. (S.) a handle. 
Hllt'ed, a. having a hilt. 

Him, the objective case of he. 
Him-selF, pr. the emphatic and reciprocal 

form of he and him. 
Hin, n. (H.) a Hebrew measure. 
Hlnd,w.('7iefe)the female of the stag. 
Hind, n. (S.hina) a servant ; a peasant. 

Hind, a. (S. hindan) backward : comp. 
hlnd'er ; sup. hlnd'most or hlnd'er-inOst. 

Hin'der, v. (S. hindrian) to stop ; to 
obstruct ; to impede ; to retard ; to prevent. 
Hln'der-ance, Hln'drance, n. obstruction. 
Hln'der-er, n. one that hinders. 

Hin^e, n. (S. hangian) a joint on which 
a door or gate turns ; a governing principle. 
— v. to furnish with hinges ; to turn upon. 

Hmt,v.(S.hentan)to mention slightly; 
to allude to. — n. slight mention ; distant 
allusion ; suggestion. 

Hip, n. (S. hype) the joint of the thigh; 

the haunch. — v. to sprain the hip. 
Hlp'halt, a. lame ; limping. 
Hlp'shot, a. having the hip dislocated. 

Hip, n.(S./uo/)) the fruit of the dog-rose. 

Hip, Hipped, Hip'pish, a. {hypochon- 
driac) low in spirits ; melancholy. 

Hip'po-camp, n. (Gr. hippos, kampe) 

a sea-horse. 
Hip-po-cen'taur, n. (Gr. hippos, kenteo, 

taui'os) a fabulous monster. 

Hip'po-cras, n. (Fr. ) a medicated wine. 

Hip'po-drome, n. (Gr. hippos, dromos) 
a course for chariot and horse races. 

HTp'po-griff, 7i. (Gr. hippos, grups) a 
winged horse. 

Hip-po-pot'a-mus, n. (Gr. hippos, po- 

taftws) the river-horse. 

Hire, v. (S. hyrian) to engage for pay; 

to let ; to bribe. — n. reward ; wages. 
Hlre'less, a. without hire ; unrewarded. 
Hireling, n. one who serves for wages ; a 

mercenary.— a.serving for hire ; mercenary. 
Hlr'er, n. one who hires.',a.(~L.hirsutus) rough ; shaggy. 
Hir-sute'ness, n. hairiness ; roughness. 

His, the possessive case of he. 

His'pid, a. (L. hispidus) rough. 

Hiss, v. (S. hysian) to make a sound 
by driving the breath between the tongue 
and the teeth ; to express contempt or dis- 
approbation by hissing.— n. the sound made 
by driving the breath between the tongue 
and the teeth ; an. expression of contempt. 

Hlss'ing, n. the sound of a hiss. 

Hist, int. an exclamation command- 
ing silence. 

His'to-ry, n. (Gr.historia)?L narrative 
of past events; knowlcd-e of facts and 
events ; relation ; description. 

His-to'ri-an, n. a writer of history. 

His-tor'ic, His-tort-cal, a. relating to history. 

His-tort-cal-ly, ad. in the manner of history. 

His-toVi-fy, v. to relate ; to record in history. 

Hls-to-ri-6g'ra-pher, n. a writer of history. 

His-tri-on'ic, His-tri-onl-cal, a. (L. 

histrio) relating to the theatre. 
Hls-tri-Cn'i-cal-ly, ad. theatrically. 
Hls'tri-o-ni^m, n. theatrical representation. 

Hit, v. (L. ictum ?) to strike; to clash; 

to reach ; to suit : p.t. and p.p. hit. 
Hit, ?t. a stroke ; a lucky chance. 

Hitch, v. (S. Megan) to move by jerks; 
to 'be caught.— fi» an impediment ;"a catch. 

Hith'er, ad. (S. li'vler) to this place. — 

a. nearer ; towards this side. 
Hlth'er-most, a. nearest on this side. 
Hlth'er-to, ad. to this time ; yet ; till now. 
Hlth'er-ward, Hlth'er-wardj, ad. this way. 

Hive, n. (S. hyfe) a place for bees; 
the bees in a hive. — v. to collect into a hive. 
Hiv'er, n. one who puts bees into a hive. 

Ho, Ho'a, int. commanding attention. 

Hoar, a. (S. har) white ; white with 
frost ; gray with age ; mouldy. — n. antiquity. 
Hoared, a. mouldy; musty. 
Hoar'y, a. white f gray with age. 
Hoar'i-ness, n. the state of being hoary. 
Hoar'fr&st, n. dew frozen. 
Hoar'hotind, n. a plant. 

Hoard, n. (S. hord) a store laid up ; a 

treasure. — v. to lay up a store. 
Hoard'er, n. one who hoards. 

Hoarse, a. (S. has) having the voice 

rough ; having a rough sound. 
Hoarse'ly, ad. with a rough voice. 
Hoarse'ness, n. roughness of voice. 

Hoax, n. (S. hucse) an imposition ; a 
deception.— v. to impose upon ; to deceive. 

Hob, n. a clown ; a fairy. 

HCb'nail, n. a nail with a thick head ; a clown. 

Hob'nailed, a. set with hobnails. 

tube, tub. full; cr\\ crvpt, myrrh ; toll, boy, Our, nOw, new ; cede, §;em, raise, exist, thin. 




Hob'bism, n. the opinions of Hobbes. 
HcWbist, n. a follower of Hobbes. 

Hob'ble, v. (S.hoppan) to walk lamely; 
to limp.— n. uneven awkward gait ; a diffi- 
culty; perplexity. 

Hob'by, n. (G. hoppe) a strong active 
horse ; a child's horse ; a favourite pursuit. 

Hob'bler, n. a kind of horse-soldier. 

HOb'by-horse, n. a wooden horse on which 
children ride ; a favourite object or pursuit. 

Hob'by, 7i. (Fr. hobereau) a kind of 

Hob'gob-lin, n. {Robin GoodfellowV) 
a fairy ; a frightful apparition. 

Hob'nob, ad. (S. habban, nabbanl) a 
familiar call in drinking. 

Ho'boy. See Hautboy. 

Hock. See Hough. 

Ho-cus-po'cus, n. (Ochus Bochus) a 
juggler ; a cheat. — v. to cheat. 

Hod, n. (Ger. hotte) a kind of trough 

for carrying mortar. 
Hod'dy-dod-dy, n. an awkward or 

foolish person. 
Hodge'podge. See Hotch-potch. 
Ho-di-er'nal, a. (L. hodie) of to-day. 

Hoe, n. (Ger. haue) an instrument for 
cutting weeds and loosening the earth.— 
v. to cut with a hoe. 

Hog, n. (W. hwch) a swine. 

Hog'gish, a. having the qualities of a hog. 

Hdg'gish-ly, ad. in the manner of a hog. 

Ilog'cote, n. a house for hogs. 

Hdg'herd, n. a keeper of hogs. 

HOg'shear-ing, n. much ado about nothing. 

Hog'sty, n. an inclosure for ho^s. 

Hog'wash, n. draff given to swine. 

Hogsliead, n. (D. ockshood) a measure 
of 54 gallons ; a large cask. 

Hoi'den, hoi'dn, n. (W. hoeden) a rude 
awkward girl.— a. rustic ; inelegant; rude. 
■ — v. to romp indecently. 

HoTse, Hoist, v. (Ger. hissen) to raise 

up on high ; to lift ; to draw up. 
Hoist, n. the act of raising up ; a lift. 

Hoit, v. (Tc. hauta) to leap ; to caper. 
Hdl'ty-tdl-ty, int. expressing surprise. 

Hold, v. (S. healdan) to grasp ; to keep ; 

to retain ; to maintain ; to consider ; to 

receive ; to contain ; to possess ; to stop ; 

to refrain ; to endure : p. t. and p. p. held. 
Hold, n. grasp ; support ; catch ; power ; 

custody ; a prison ; a fort. 
Hold'er, n. one that holds. 
Hold'ing, n. tenure ; farm ; influence. 
HOld'back, n. hinderance ; restraint. 
Hold'er-forth, n. a haranguer ; a preacher. 
Hold'fast,n.that which holds ; a catch ; a hook. 

~Rdle,n.(S.hol) a cavity; a perforation; 

a cell. — v. to form a hole ; to go into a hole. 
Hol'low, a. excavated ; not solid ; deep ; low ; 

not faithful. — n. a cavity ; a den ; a pit ; a 

channel.— v. to make hollow. 

f IoTlow-ly, ad. unfaithfully ; insincerely. 
Hol'Iow-ness, n. state of being hollow ; deceit 
HoTlow-eyed, a. having the eyes sunk. 
Hol'low-heart-ed, a. insincere ; dishonest. 

H5Ti-day. See under Holy. 

Hol-la', Hol-lo r ,.Hol-loa', hol-lo', int. 

(S. hlowan) a word used in calling.— n. a 

shout.— v. to call out loudly. 
Hol'low, v. to shout ; to hoot. 

Holland, n. fine linen originally made 

in Holland. 
Holly, n. (S. holegri) a tree. 
Holm, horn, n. the evergreen oak. 

Holly-hock, n. (S. holihoc) a plant. 

Holm, horn, n . (S.) a river-island; low 

fiat land on the banks of a river. 
HdTo-caust, n. (Gr. holos, kaustos) a 

whole burnt sacrifice. 
HoTo-graph, n. (Gr. holos, grapho) a 

deed written by the grantor's own hand. 
HoTster, n. (S. heolder) a case for a 

horseman's pistoL 
Holt, n. (S. holt) a wood ; a grove ; a hill. 

Holy, a. (S. halig) good ; religious ; 

pure ; hallowed ; consecrated ; sacred. 
Ho'li-ly, ad. piously ; with sanctity. 
Ho'li-ness, n. sanctity; piety; sacredness ; 

a title of the pope. 
H6ri-dam, n. an ancient oath. 
H61'i-day, H61'y-day, n. a festival day; a 

day of rest or joy. — a. befitting a holiday ; 

gay ; cheerful. 
Ho'ly-one, n. an appellation of the Supreme 

Being ; an appellation of the Redeemer ; 

one consecrated to the service of God. 
Ho'ly-week, n. the week before Easter. 

Hom'age, n. (L. homo) service; fealty; 

duty ; respect. — v. to profess fealty. 
Hom / age-a-ble, a. subject to homage. 
HSnra-ger, n. one who pays homage. 

Home, n. (S. ham) one's own house, 
habitation, or country. — a. domestic ; na- 
tive ; close. — ad. to one's own habitation ; 
closely ; to the point. 

Homeless, a. without a home. 

Home'ly, a. plain ; not elegant ; coarse. 

Home'li-ness, n. plainness; coarseness. 

Home'ward, Home'wards, ad. towards home. 

Home'born, a. native; domestic ; not foreign. 

Home'bred, a. native ; plain ; domestic. 

HomeTelt, a. felt within ; inward; private. 

Home'keep-ing, a. staying at home. 

Home'made, a. made at home. 

Home'speak-ing, n. plain and forcible speech. 

HOme'spun, a. spun or wrought at home. 

Home'stall, Home'stead, n. the place of a 
house ; native seat. 

Ho'mer. See Omer. 

Homicide, n. (L. homo, ccedo) the 

killing of a man ; a manslayer. 
HSml-fl-dal, a. pertaining to homicide. 

Homl-ly, n. (Gr. homilos) a discourse. 
H6m-i-let'i-cal, a. social; conversable. 
Hdm'i-list, n. a preacher. 

Fate, fat, far, fall : me, mfit, there, her; pine, pin, field, fir; note, not, nor, move, son; 




Ho-mo-ge'ne-al, Ho-mo-ge'ne-ous, a. 

(Gr. homos, genos) having the same nature. 

mo-ge'ne-ous-ness, n. sameness of nature. 
Ho-m6g'e-ny, n. joint nature. 

Ho-mol'o-gous, a. (Gr. homos, logos) 

proportional to each other. 
Ho-mon'y-my, n. (Gr. homos, onoma) 

equivocation ; ambiguity. 
Ho-mon'y-mous, a. equivocal ; ambiguous. 

Hone, n. (S. harnan) a whetstone. 

Hon'est, on'est, a. (L. honesties) up- 
right ; just ; true ; sincere ; creditable. 
H6n'est-ly, ad. uprightly; justly. 
II6n'es-ty, 1%, justice ; truth ; frankness. 

Hon'ey, n. (S. hunk/) a sweet juice 
collected by bees; sweetness; lusciousness. 
— v. to talk fondly. 

Hon'ey-less, a. being without honey. 

Hon'ied, a. covered with honey; sweet. 

ITon'ey-bag, n. the stomach of the bee. 

Jlon'ey-comb, n. cells of wax for honey. 

ITon'ey-combed, a. having little cells. 

Hon'ey-dew, n. sweet dew. 

Hon'ey-har-vest, n. honey collected. 

Hon'ey-moon, Hon'ey-month, n. the first 
month after marriage. 

Hon'ey -mouthed, a. using honied words. 

Hon'ey-stalk, n. clover-flower. 

H6n'ey-suc-kle, n. woodbine. 

llon'ey-sweet, a. sweet as honey. 

Jlon'ey-tongued, a. using soft speech. 

Hon'our, on'ur, n. (L. honor) dignity; 
rank ; reputation ; fame ; magnanimity ; 
reverence ; respect ; a title.— v. to reve- 
rence ; to dignify ; to glorify. 

Hon'or-a-ry, a. conferring honour. 

Hon'our-a-ble, a. having honour ; conferring 
honour; illustrious; noble; magnanimous. 

Hon'our-a-ble-ness, n. the being honourable. 

Hdn'our-a-bly, ad. with honour ; generously. 

Hon'our-er, n. one who honours. 

Him'our-less, a. without honour. 

Hood, n. (S. hod) a covering for the 
head. — v. to dress in a hood ; to cover. 

Hood' wink, v. to blind ; to cover ; to deceive. 

Hoof, n. (S. hof) the horny part of a 

beast's toot.— v. to walk as cattle. 
Hdofed, a. furnished with hoofs. 

Hook, n. (S. hoc) any thing bent so as 

to catch hold.— v. to catch ; to bend. 
Hooked, a. bent ; curved ; aquiline. 
Hook'nosed, a. having an aquiline nose. 

Hoop, n. (S. hop) any thing circular; 

a band of wooa or metal. — v. to bind or 

fasten with hoops ; to encircle. 
Hoop'er, n. one who hoops ; a cooper. 

Hoop, v. (G. wopyan) to shout ; to drive 

with shouts. — n. a shout. 
Hoop'ing-cQugh, n. a convulsive cough. 

H66t,v. {W.hwt) to shout in contempt; 
to cry as an owl. — n. a shout of contempt. 
Hoofing, n. a shouting ; clamour. 

Hop, v. (S. hoppan) to dance ; to skip ; 
to leap on one leg. — n. a dance ; a j ump ; 
a leap on one leg. 

HOp'per, n. one who hops ; a box or frame 

into which corn is put to be ground. 
Hop'ping, n. a dance ; a meeting for dancing. 

Hop, n. (D.) a plant, used in brewing. 

— v. to impregnate with hops. 
Hdp'blnd, n. the stem of the hop. 
HOp'pIck-er, n. one who gathers hops. 
Hop'yard,n. ground on which hops areplanted. 

Hope, n. (S. hopa) desire joined with 

expectation. — v. to live in expectation. 
Hope'ful, a. full of hope ; promising. 
Hope'ful-ly, ad. in a hopeful manner. 
Hope'ful-ness, n. promise of good. 
Hope'less, a. wanting hope ; despairing. 
Hope'less-ly, ad. without hope. 
Hope'less-ness, n. state of being hopeless. 
Hop'er, n. one who hopes. 
Hop'ing-ly, ad. with hope. 

Ho'ral, a . ( Gr. hora ) relating to an hour. 
Ho'ra-ry, a. relating to an hour ; noting the 
hour ; continuing for an hour. 

Horde, n. (S.heord) a clan ; a multitude. 

Ho-rfzon,?!. (Gr. horos) the line which 
bounds the view ; an imaginary line, equally 
distant from the zenith and the nadir, which 
divides the globe into two hemispheres. 

Hor-i-zon'tal, a. parallel to the horizon ; level. 

Hdr-i-zon'tal-ly, ad. in a horizontal direction. 

Horn, n. (S.) a hard pointed substance 
growing on the heads of some animals; a 
wind instrument of music ; a drinking cup. 
— v. to bestow horns upon. 

Horn'ed, a. furnished with horns ; like a horn. 

H<"irn'ed-ness, n. appearance of a horn. 

Horn'er, n. one who works or deals in. horn. 

Hor'ni-fy, v. to bestow horns upon. 

Horn'ish, a. somewbat resembling horn. 

Horn'less, a. having no horns. 

Horn'y, a. made of horn ; like horn. 

Hurn'book, n. the first book for children. 

Horn'foot, O. having hoofs; hoofed. 

Horn'plpe, n. a dance; a wind instrument. 

Horn'shav-ings, Jhpl. scrapings of dec-r horns. 

Hurn'spoon, n. a spoon made of horn. 

Horn'work, h. a kind of angular fortification. 

Hor'net, n. (S. hyrnet) a kind of wasp. 

Hor'o-loge, n. (Gr. horn, logos) an in- 
strument that indicates the hour. 

Hor-o-lo-gi-o-graph'ic, a. (Gr. hora, 
logos, grdpho) pertaining to dialling. 

Ho-rom'e-try, n. (Gr. hora, metron) 

the art of measuring hours. 
Hor'o- scope, n. (Gr. hora, skopeo) 

aspect of the planets at the hour of birth. 

Hor'ror, n. (L. horreo) terror mixed 

with hatred ; a shuddering ; gloom. 
Hdr'rent, a. bristled ; pointing outwards. 
Hftr'ri-ble, a. dreadful ; terrible ; shocking. 
Hdr'ri-ble-ness, n. dreadfulness ; hideousne&s. 
HSr'ri-bly, ad. dreadfully ; hideously. 
HOr'rid, a. hideous ; dreadful ; shocking. 
Hor'rid-ly, ad. dreadfully; shockingly. 
Hor'rid-ness, n. hideousness ; enormity. 
Hor-rlf ic, a. causing horror. 

Horse, n. (S. hors) a quadruped ; ca- 
valry. — v. to mount on a horse. 

tube, tub, full ; cry, crypt, myrrh ; toll, b5y, ofir, n6w, new ; cede, gem, raise, exist, thin. 




Horse'back, n. the state of being on a horse. 
Horse'bean, n. a small bean given to horses. 
Horse'bOy, n. a boy who dresses horses. 
H6rse'break-er, n. one who tames horses. 
Horse' chest-nut, n. a tree, and its nut. 
Horse'cour-ser, n. one who runs horses. 
Horse'dren^Ti, n. physic for a horse. 
Horse'fiesh, n. the flesh of horses. 
Horse'guards^n.pJ.cavalry of the king*s guard. 
Horse'hair, n. the hair of horses. 
Horse'keep-er, who takes care of horses. 
Horselaugh , n. a, loud rude laugh. 
Horse'leech, n. a large leech ; a farrier. 
Horse'llt-ter, n. a carriage hung upon poles 

borne between two horses. 
Horse'load, n. as much as a horse can carry. 
Horse'man, n. a rider ; one skilled in riding. 
Horse'man-ship, n. the art of riding. 
Horse'meat, n. provender for horses. 
Horse'mlll, n. a mill turned by a horse. 
Horse'mus-cle, n. a large muscle. 
Horseplay, n. coarse rough play. 
Hprse / p6nd, n. a pond for horses. 
Horserace, n. a match of horses in running. 
Horse'rad-ish, n. a root of a pungent taste. 
Horse'shoe, n. a shoe for horses. 
Horse'steal-er, n. a thief who steals horses. 
Horse'way, n. a road for horses. 
Horse' whip, n. a whip to strike a horse with. 

— v. to strike or lash with a horsewhip. 
Hor-ta'tion, n. (L. hortor) advice. 
Hor'ta-tive, n. exhortation. — a. encouraging. 
Hor'ta-to-ry, a. encouraging ; animating. 

Hor-ten'sial, a. (L. hortus) fit for a 

ITor'tu-lan, a. belonging to a garden. 
H or'ti-cult-ure, n. art of cultivating gardens, 
ilor-ti-cult'u-ral, a. relating to horticulture. 
IJ Gr-ti-cult'u-rist, n. one skilled in the culture 

of gardens. 
Hor'tus slc'cus, n. (L.) a collection of dried 

HGrt'yard, n. a garden of fruit-trees ; an 


Ho-san'na, n. (Gr.) an exclamation of 
praise to God. 

Hose, n. (S. hos) stockings ; covering 

for the legs : pi. ho§'en or hose. 
Hosier, n. one who sells stockings. 

Hos'pi-ta-ble, a. (L. hospes) receiving 
and entertaining strangers ; kind to guests. 

H6s'pi-ta-ble-ness, n. kindness to strangers. 

HOs'pi-ta-bly, ad. with kindness to strangers. 

H6s-pi-tal'i-ty, n. the act or practice of en- 
tertaining strangers or guests. 

Hos r pi-tate, v. to reside as a guest. 

H6s'pi-tal, Os'pi-tal, n. & building for the re- 
ception of the sick or the poor. 

Hos'pi-tal-ler, n. a knight of a religious order. 

Host, n. one who entertains ; a landlord. 

Host'el, Host'el-ry, Host'ry, n. an inn. 

Host'ess, n. a female host ; a landlady. 

Host'ess-ship, n. the character of a hostess. 

Host'ler, 6s'ler, n. one who has the care of 
horses at an inn. 

Host, n. (L. hostia) the sacrifice of tha 

mass in the Romish Church. 
Host'ie, n. sl consecrated wafer. 

Host,n.(L.ftos^s)an army; a multitude. 
Host'ing, n. an encounter ; a muster. 

Host'age, n. (Fr. Stage) one given as 
a pledge for the performance of conditions. 

Hostile, a. (L. hostis) belonging to an 

enemy ; adverse ; opposite. 
Hos-tll'i-ty, n. state of var ; act of an enemy. 
Hds'til-lze, v. to make an enemy. 

Hot, a. (S. hat) having heat ; fiery ; 

furious ; ardent ; eager ; acrid. 
HOt'ly, ad. with heat ; ardently ; violently. 
Hdt'ness, n. heat ; violence ; fury. 
Hot'bed, n. a garden bed fermented by dung. 
Hdt'brained, a. violent ; furious. 
Hdt'head-ed, a. vehement ; passionate. 
Hofhduse, n. a place kept hot for rearing 

plants and ripening fruits. 
IlOt'mouthed, a. headstrong ; ungovernable. 
Htit'spur, n. a violent precipitate man.— 

a. violent ; impetuous. 
Hot'spurred, a. vehement ; rash ; heady. 

Hotch'potch, n. (Fr. hochepot) a mix- 
ture of ingredients ; a contused mass. 

HoYcoc-kles, n. pi. (Fr. hautes, co- 

quilles) a childish play. 

Ho-teljW.(Fr.)aninn; a lodging-house. 

Hough, hok, n. (S. hoh) the joint of 
the hinder leg of a beast. — v. to hamstring. 

Hound, n. (S. hund) a dog used in the 
chase.— v. to set on the chase ; to hunt. 

Hour, our, n. (Gr. hora) the twenty- 
fourth part of the natural day ; sixty min- 
utes ; a particular time. 

HdurTy, a. happening or done every hour ; 
frequent. — ad. every hour ; frequently. 

HOur'glass, n. a glass containing sand for 
measuring time. 

Hour-hand, n. the hand or pointed pin which 
shows the hour on a clock or watch. 

Hour'plate, n. the dial of a clock or watch. 

Hou'ri, n. a Mohammedan nymph of 

House, n. (S. hus) a place of abode ; 

a family ; a race ; a legislative body. 
H6u§e, v. to harbour ; to shelter ; to reside. 
House'less, a. without a house or abode. 
H6us/ing, n. houses collectively ; habitation. 
HOuse'break-er, n. one who breaks into a 

house to steal ; a burglar. 
Hduse'break-ing, n. the crime of breaking 

into a house to steal ; burglary. 
House'dog, n. a dog kept to guard a house. 
Hduse'hold, n. a family living together. 
HOiise'hold-er, n. an occupier of a house. 
HGuse'hold-stuff, n. furniture of a house. 
Botise'keep-er, n. one who keeps a house; 

a servant who has the charge of a house. 
Htfuse'keep-ing, n. management of a house. 
Hdtise'leek, n. a plant. 
House'maid, n. a female servant employed 

to keep a house clean. 
Hduse'plg-eon, n. a tame pigeon. 
H6use'rais-er, n. one who builds a house. 
House'room, n. room or place in a house. 
Hotise'wlfe, huz'if, n. the mistress of a 

family ; a female economist. 
Houfe'wife-ly, a. pertaining to domestic eco- 
nomy; economical. 
HousVwife-ry, ?i. domestic economy. 

Fate, fat, far, fall ; me, met, there, her ; pine, pin, field, fir ; note, not, nOr, move, s6n ; 




Hous'ing,n. (YvJiousse) a saddle-cloth. 

Hove, p. t. of heave. 

HoVel, n. (S. hof) a shed ; a cottage; 
a mean habitation.— v. to shelter in a hovel. 

HoVer, v. (W. hoviaw) to hang flut- ! 

tering in the air ; to wander about a place. ; 

— n. protection or shelter by hanging over, j 
Hov'er-er, n. one who hovers. 

How, ad. (S. ku) in what manner ; to 

what degree ; in what state. 
H6w-be'it, ad. nevertheless ; yet ; however. 
HSw-eVer, ad. in whatsoever manner ; at : 

all events ; nevertheless. 
H6w-so-ev'er, ad. in whatsoever manner. 

How'itz, How'it-zer, n.(GQT.haubiize) 

a kind of mortar or cannon. 
Howl, v. (Ger. heulen) to cry as a 

wolf or dog ; to wail ; to roar. — n. the cry 

of a wolf or dog ; a cry of distress or horror. 
H6wl'ing, n. the cry of a wolf or dog ; a cry 

of distress ; a loud or horrid noise. 

Howk'er, Hook'er, n. a Dutch vessel. 

Howlet, n. (Fr. hulotte) an owl. 

Hoy, n. (Fr. heu) a small vessel. 

Hoy, int. ho ! stop ! 

Hubbub, n. noise ; tumult ; riot. 

HucTde, n. (Ger. hockerl) the hip. 
Huc'kle-bone, n. the hip-bone. 

Huck'ster, n. (Ger. hucke) a retailer ; 

a pedlar. — v. to deal in petty bargains. 
Huck'ster-age, ?i. dealing; business. 

Hiid'dle, v. (Ger. hudeln) to do in a 
hurry ; to throw together in confusion.— 
n. crowd ; tumult ; confusion. 

Ilud'dler, n. one who huddles ; a bungler. 

Hue, n. (S. hiw) colour ; tint ; dye. 
Hued, a. coloured. 

Hue, n. (Fr. h uer) a shouting ; an alarm. 
H Q'er, n. one who gives alarm. 

Huff, 7i. (Sp. chufa) a swell of sudden 
anger or arrogance ; a boaster.— v. to swell ; 
to bluster ; to bully. 

Ruffer, n. a blusterer ; a bully. 

Huff'i-ness, n. petulance ; arrogance. 

Hug, i\ (S. heqian) to embrace closely; 
to hold fast.— n. a close embrace. 

Huge, a. (D. hoop) very large ; vast. 
HugVly, ad. immensely; enormously. 
Huge'ness, n. enormous bulk ; greatness. 

Hiig'ger-mug-ger, n. secrecy ; a bye- 

Hulk, n. (Gr. holkas) a ship ; the body 
of a ship ; any thing bulky. 

Hull, 7i. (S. hul) a husk ; the body of 
a ship.— v. to take off the hull ; to float. 

Hum, v. (Ger. hummen) to utter the 
sound of bees ; to sing low.— n. the noise 
of bees ; a low dull noise. 

Hum'ming, n. the sound of bees ; a low noise. 

Hum'ble-bee, n. a buzzing wild bee. 

Hum'drum, a. dull ; dronish ; stupid. 
Hum'ming-bird, n. a very small bird. 

Hu'man, a. (L. homo) having the 
qualities of a man ; belonging to man. 

Hu-mane', a. kind ; benevolent ; tender. 

Hu-mane'ly, ad. kindly; tenderly. 

Hu'inan-is't, n. a philologer; a grammarian. 

Hu-man'i-ty, n. the nature of man ; man- 
kind ; benevolence ; tenderness ; philology. 

Hu'man-Ize, v. to render humane ; to soften. 

Hu'man-ly, ad. after the manner of men. 

Hu-man-klnd', n. the race of man. 

Hum'ble,um'ble, a. CL.huynilis) lowly ; 
modest ; not proud ; submissive.— v. to 
make humble ; to crush ; to subdue. 

Hum / ble-ness, n. absence of pride. 

Hum'bling, n. abatement of pride. 

Hum'bly, ad. without pride; modestly. 

Hum'ble-mouthed, a. mild ; meek. 

Huml)ug, n. imposition.— v. to impose 

Hu-mect', Hu-meVtate, v. (L.hwneo) 

to wet ; to moisten. 
Hu-mec-ta'tion, n. the act of moistening. 
Ilu-mSc'tive, a. having power to moisten. 

HiVme-ral, a. (L. humerus) belonging 
to the shoulder. 

Hu-mi-cu-ba'tion, n. (L. humus, cubo) 
the act of lying on the ground. 

Hii'mid, a. (L. humeo) moist ; damp. 
Hu-mld'i-ty, n. moisture ; dampness. 

Hu-miTi-ate, v. (L. humilis) to lower 
in condition ; to depress ; to humble. 

Hu-mll-i-a'tion, n. the act of humbling; 
descent from greatness ; abasement. 

IIu-mlTi-ty, n. lowliness ; modesty. 

Hum'mock, ?i. a hillock ; a mound. 

Hu'mour, u'mur, ??. (L. humco) mois- 
ture ; any fluid of the animal body ; tem- 
per; disposition; caprice; peevishness; 
facetiousness. — t*. to gratify; to indulge. 

Ilu'mor-al, a. proceeding from the humours. 

Hu'mor-ist, n. a whimsical person ; a wag. 

Hu'mor-ous, a. whimsical ; jocular ; playful 

Hu'mor-ous-ly, ad. whimsically; jocosely. 

Hu'mor-ous-ness, n. jocularity ; peevishness. 

Hu'mor-some, a. peevish ; petulant; odd. 

Hu'mor-some-ly, ad. peevishly; petulantly. 

Hump, n. (L.umbo\) a protuberance. 
Hump'back, n. a. crooked back. 
Hump'backed, a. having a crooked back. 

Hunp^, v. (Ger. huschen) to strike ; 
to push.— n. a blow ; a push. 

Hun^,n.(Ger.7?ocA'er) a protuberance. 
HunfA'backed, a. having a crooked back. 

Hun'dred, a. (S.) ten multiplied by 
ten.— n. the number of ten multipled by 
ten ; a division of a county. 

Hun'dred- er, n. a juryman in a hundred; 
the bailiff of a hundred. 

Hun'dredth, n. the ordinal of a hundred. 

Hung, p. t. and p.p. of hang. 

Hiin'ger, n. (S.) desire of food ; pain 
felt from fasiing.— v. to feel hunger. 

tube, tub, full ; cry, crypt, myrrh ; toll, b6?, our, u5w, new ; cede, gem, raise, exist, thin. 




Ftun'gered, Hun'gred, a. famished ; starved. 
IlQn'ger-ly, a. wanting food or nourishment. 

— ad. with keen appetite. 
Hun'gry, a. feeling pain from want of food. 
Hun'gri-ly, ad. with keen appetite. 
Hun'ger-starved, a. starved with hunger. 

Hunks, n. (Ic. hunskur) a miser. 

Hunt, v. (S. huntian) to chase ; to 
* pursue ; to search for. — n. chase ; pursuit. 
Hunt'er, n. one that hunts. 
Hunting, n. the diversion of the chase. 
Hunt'ress, n. a female hunter. 
Hunts'man, n. one who practises hunting. 
Hunts'man-ship, n. qualifications of a hunter. 
Ilunt'ing-horn, n. a bugle used in hunting. 
Hunt'ing-horse, n. a horse used in hunting. 
Hunt'ing-seat, n. a temporary residence for 

the purpose of hunting. 
Hiir'dle, n. (S. hyrdel) a texture of 

twigs ; a crate. — v. to inclose with hurdles. 

Hurds, n. (S. heordas) refuse of flax. 
Hur'den, n. a coarse kind of linen. 

Hur'dy-gur-dy, n. a stringed instru- 

Hurl, v. (G. hurra) to throw with vio- 
lence ; to move rapidly. — n. act of throwing. 

Hurl'er, n. one who hurls. 

Hur'ly, n. tumult ; confusion ; bustle. 

HurTy-bur-ly, n. commotion ; tumult.— a. 

Hur-rah',m£. a shout of joy or triumph. 

llur'ri-cane, n. (Sp.huracan) a violent 

storm ; a tempest. 
Hur'ry, v. (G. hurra) to hasten ; to drive 

forward. — n. a driving forward ; bustle. 
Hur'ri-er, n. one who hurries. 
Hur'ry-skur-ry, ad. confusedly; in a bustle. 

Hurt, v. (S. hi/rt) to harm; to wound; 
to injure ; to damage : p. t. and p.p. hurt. 
Hurt, n. harm ; wound ; bruise ; injury. 
Hurt'er, n. one who hurts. 
Hurtful, a. injurious ; mischievous. 
Hurt'ful-ly, ad. injuriously ; perniciously. 
Hurt'less, a. harmless ; innoxious. 
Hurt'less-ly, ad. without harm. 
Hur'tle, v. to clash ; to push with violence. 

Hiis'band, n. (S. hus, buan) a man 
joined to a woman by marriage ; an econo- 
mist ; a farmer. — v. to supply with a hus- 
band ; to manage frugally ; to till. 

Htis/band-less, a. without a husband. 

Htifband-ly, a. frugal ; thrifty. 

Hus'band-man, n. one who tills the ground. 

Hu^band-ry, n. tillage ; frugality. 

Hush, int. silence ! be still !— a. silent; 
still.— y. to be or make silent ; to suppress. 
Hush r m6n-ey, n. a bribe to secure silence. 

Husk, n. (D. huldsch) the covering of 

certain fruits.— v. to strip off the husk. 
Htisk'y, a. abounding with husks ; rough. 
Husk'i-ness, n. the state of being husky. 

Hus-sar', n. (Ger. husar) a kind of 

Hustings, n. pi. (S. hus, thing) a 

council ; a place of meeting for electing 

a member of parliament. 

Hiis'wife. See Housewife. 
HQs'sy, n. a worthless woman. 

Hut, n. (Ger. hutte) a cottage; a shed. 

Hutyh, n. (S. hwcecca) a chest; a box; 
a coffer. — v. to hoard. 

Huz-za', huz-za', int. an exclamation 
of joy or triumph. — n. a shout of joy.— v. to 
utter a shout of joy ; to receive or attend 
with shouts of joy. 

Hy'a-cinth, n. (Gr. huakinthos) a 
flower; a gem. 

Hy-a-cln'thine, a. made of hyacinth ; re- 
sembling hyacinth. 

Hy'a-des, Hy'ads, n. pi. (Gr. huades) 
a constellation. 

Hy'a-line, o. (Gr. hualos) glassy. 

Hy'brid, n. (Gr. hubris) an animal or 
plant produced from a mixture of species. 
— a. produced from different species. 

Hyb'ri-dous, a. of a mixed breed ; mongrel. 

Hy-dat'i-des, n. pi. (Gr. hudor) little 
transparent bladders of water. 

Hy'dra,n.(Gr./^Gfor) a water- serpent ; 
a monster with many heads. 

Hy-draulics, n. (Gr. hudor , aulos) the 

science which treats of the motion and 

force of fluids. 
Hy-drau'lic, Hy-drau'li-cal, a. relating to 

hydraulics, or to the conveyance of water 

through pipes. 

Hy'dro-gele, n. (Gr. hudor, kele) a 
watery tumor. 

Hy-dro-ceph'a-lus, n. (Gr. hudor, ke- 
phale) dropsy in the head. 

Hy'dro-gen, n. (Gr. hudor, gennao) a 
gas which is one of the elements of water. 

Hy-drog'ra-phy, n. (Gr. hudor, grapho) 
the art of measuring and describing seas, 
lakes, rivers, and other waters. 

Hy-drog'ra-pher, n. one versed in hydrog- 
raphy ; one who draws maps of the sea. 

Hy-dro-graph / i-cal, a. relating to hydro- 
graphy, or the description of water. 

Hy'dro-ma>ri-gy,n. (Gr. hudor, manteia) 
divination by water. 


Hy'dro-mel, n. (Gr. hudor, rneli) a 
liquor made of honey and water. 

Hy-dro-pho'bi-a,^. (Gr. hudor, phobos) 
dread of water ; canine madness. 

Hy 7 drop-sy, n. (Gr. hudor, ops) dropsy. 
Uy-drOp'ic, Hy-dr6p r i-cal, a. dropsical. 

Hy-dro-stat'ics, n. (Gr. hudor, statike) 
the science which treats of the weight of 
fluids, or their properties when at rest. 

Hy-dro-stat'ic, Hy-dro-stat'i-cal, a. relating 
to hydrostatics, or the weighing of fluids. 

Hy-dro-stat'i-cal-ly, ad. according to hydro- 
statics or hydrostatic principles. 

Hy-drdVic, n. (Gr. hudor) a medicine 
which purges off water or phlegm. 

Hy 'druSjW. (Gr.hudor) a water-serpent. 

Fate, fat, far, fall; me, met, there, her; pine, pin, field, fir; note, ndt, nor, move, son; 




Hy'e-mal, a. (L. hiems) belonging to 

Hy-e'na,?i. (Gr. huaina)& fierce animal. 
Hy-ge'ian, a. (Gr. hugieia) relating to 

Hy-grom'e-ter, n. (Gr. hugros,metrori) 

an instrument for measuring the moisture 

of the atmosphere. 
Hy'gro-scope, n. (Gr. hugros, skopeo) 

an instrument for showing the moisture of 

the atmosphere. 
H y-gro-sc6p'ic, a. imbibing moisture. 

lly-lar'chi-cal, a. (Gr. hule, arche) 
presiding over matter. 

Hy-lo-zo'ic, n. (Gr. hule, zoe) one 
who believes matter to be animated. 

Ily'men, n. (Gr. humeri) the god of 

Hy-me-ne'al, Hy-me-ne'an, a. pertaining to 

marriage.— n. a marriage song. 

Hymn, him, n. (Gr. humnos) a song 
of praise; a divine song. — v. to worship 
with hymns ; to sing in praise. 

Hym'nic", a. relating to hymns. 

Hym-nol'o-gy, n. a collection of hymns. 

Hyp, v. {hypochondriac) to make me- 
lancholy ; to depress the spirits. 

Hy-per-as'pist, n. (Gr. huper, aspis) 
a defender. 

Hy-per'ba-ton, n. (Gr. huper, baino) 

a figure which inverts the natural order of 
words and sentences. 

Hy-per'bo-la, n. (Gr. huper, hallo) a 

section of a cone. 
H y-per-bol'ic, a. belonging to the hyperbola. 

Hy-pei bo-le, n. (Gr. huper, hallo) a 
rhetorical figure which represents things as 
much greater or less than they really are. 

Hy-per-bari-cal, a. relating to hyperbole; 
exaggerating or extenuating. 

Uy-per-bdri-cal-ly, ad. with exaggeration 
or extenuation. 

Ily-per'ho-list, n. one who uses hyperbole. 

IlV-peVbo-lIze, v. to use hyperbole. 

lly-per-bo-re'anja. (Gr. huper, horeas) 

northern ; frigid. 

who is critical beyond measure or reason. 
Ily-per-crlt'i-cal, a. critical beyond reason. 

lly-per-duli-a, n. (Gr. huper, douleia) 
a superior kind of service to the Virgin 
Mary in the Romish Church. 

Hy-per-du'li-cal, a. relating to hyperdulia. 

Hy-per'i-con, n. (Gr.) a plant. 

Hy-per'me-ter, n. (Gr. huper, metroii) 
any thing greater than the standard. 


Hy-per-sar-co'sis, n. (Gr. huper, sarjc) 
the growth of fungous flesh. 

Hy'phen, n. (Gr. hupo, hen) a note of 
conjunction, thus [-]. 

Hyp-not'ic, n. (Gr. hupnos) a medicine 
that induces sleep ; a soporific. 

Hyp'o-caust, n. (Gr. hypo,kaio) a place 
for a stove under a bath or hot-house. 

Hyp-o-chon'dri-a, n. (Gr. hupo, clion- 
dros) melancholy ; depression of spirits. 

Hyp'o-ch6n-dre, Hyp'o-chon-dry, n. one of 
the two spaces which contain the liver 
and the spleen. 

Hyp-o-chon'dri-ac, a. pertaining to hypo- 
chondria ; melancholy ; producing melan- 
choly. — n. one who is melancholy. 

Hyp-o-chon-dri'a-cal, a. pertaining to hypo- 
chondria ; melancholy ; depressed in spirits.