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FORM NO 991 ; 4.22.52 !M 

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HE aim of the present laork is not to furnish an account of the 

antiquity and progress of Heraldry, hut to provide as succinctly 

as possibly, and in Alphabetical order, a list of the terms met 

with in the Science, with their appropriate Illustrations, 

Such a work it is hoped will he of great advantage to the Herald Painter and 
Engraver, as by means of it they will he enabled to refer, without trouble, to the 
subject they may desire to depict. 

I propose, therefore, in the first place, tj give the terms in a plain and concise form, 
so that any coat ivhich is in strict conformity with the established rules of 
Heraldry, may easily be painted or engraved from the verbal Blazoning. 

Secondly, I hope by the introduction of a great number of terms and Engravings, not 
to be found in any other Heraldic Glossary, to supply as complete a list as 
possible of those used in Coat Armour, and thus adapt the work not alone for the 
Practical Artist, but also for the Amateur, who desires to be able readily to 
blazon such coats as may faU under his observation. 


EcKLiNG Grange, 

East Dereham, 1SS9. 


Anstis, Register of the Order of the 

Garter, 1724. 
AsHMOLE, The Institution, Laws and 

Ceremonies of the Order of the 

Garter, 1672. 
Baker, A Chronicle of the Kings of 

England, 1670. 
Berry's Heraldry. 
Bloom's Heraldry, 1684. 
BossEWELL, \\'orks of Armorie, 1572. 
Burnet, The Regal Armorie. 
Burke, Sir Bernard, Works. 
Boyer, The Great Theatre of Honour 

and Nobility, 1729. 
Cambridge, Camden Society. 
Camden, Remains of a greater work 

concerning Britaine, 1623. 
Carter, An Analysis of Honour and 

Armory, 1655. 
Chalmers, Caledonia, 1807. 
Clarke's Heraldry, 1829. 
Coat's Heraldry, 1739. 
Collections of Coats of Arms. 
CoTMAN, Sepulchral Brasses in Nor- 
folk, 18 19. 
County Histories. 
Dallaway's Heraldr}^, 1793. 
Edmondson's Heraldry, 1780. 
Edward's, The Great Seal of England, 

Elven's Heraldry, 1816 and 1829 

Favine, Theatre of Honour and Knight- 
hood, 1623. 

Fenn, Original Letters WTitten in the 
Reign of Henry VI, Edward IV, and 
Richard III. 

Froissart Chronicles. 

Gibbon, Introductio ad Latinam 
Blasoniam, 1682. 

Glossary of Architecture. 

GouGH, Sepulchral Monuments. 

Grants of Arms. 

Guillim's Heraldry, 1632. 

Haines' Monumental Brasses. 

Hampson's Origines Patriciae. 

Hearne's Works, 1720. 

Heraldic M.S.S. 

Heylin, a Help to English History, 

Holme, (Randle), The Academy of 
Armorie, 1688. 

Johnson, (Andr.), Notitia Anglicana, 

Kent, Grammar of Heraldry, 1724. 
Leigh, (Gerard), The Accedence of 

Armorie, 1562. 
Long's Ro3^al Descents, 1845. 
Lower, Curiosities of Heraldry, 1845. 
Mackenzie, Sir George, The Science 

of Heraldry, 16S0. 
Meyrick's Ancient Armour. 
Milles, The Catalogue of Honor, 1610. 
Montague, Guide to the Study of 

Morgan (SyJvanus), The Sphere of 

Gentry, 1661. 
INIouLE, Bibliotheca Heraldica Magnae 

MouLE, Heraldry of Fish, 1842. 
Nichols, J. G., The Herald and 

Nicholas, Sir Harris, The Chronology 

of History. 
Nisbet's Heraldr}^ 1722. 
Noble, History of the College of Arms 
Prestwich, Sir J., Respublica, 17S7. 
Rolls of Arms. 

Porney's Heraldry, 1771. 
Sandford's Genealogical History of 

the Kings of England, 1707. 
Selden, Titles of Honour, 1672. 
Shaw, Dresses and Decorations of the 

Middle Ages. 
Stodart, R. R., Scottish Arms. 
Stothard, C. a., Monumental Effigies 

of Great Britain. 
Tanner, Notitia Monastica, 1787. 
Upton, De Studio Militari libri quarti : , 

etc. cum notis Ed. Bisssei, 1654, i' 
Walker & Richardson's Armc' 

Bearings of the Incorporated Ce. 

panies of Newcastle upon Tyne. 
Waller, J. G. and L. A. B., Mcimi- 

mental Brasses. 
Wallis, The Arms, Crests, etc., oft' g 

Companies of the City of Londo:!, 

1677, fol. 
Weever, Ancient Funeral Monuments, 

Willement's Regal Yiexzldxy. 
Wyrley, W., The True use of Armori \ 

York, The Union of Honour, 1640. 





A ., a., or ai'. Argent. 
CL-. Azure. 
BL or Bart. Baronet. 
beha. Between. 

Companions of the Bath 


C.L Companions of The Imperial 
Order of the Crown of India. 

CLE. Companions of The Most 
Eminent Order of the Indian Empire. 

C.M.G. Companions of St. Michael 
and St. George. 

C.S.I. Companions of The Star of 

disp. Displayed. 

D.S.O. Companions of the Distin- 
guished Service Order. 

e.g. For Example. 

engr. Engrailed. 

erm. Ermine. 

eic. or &c. and others. 

ex. Example. 

/. Figure. 

Genealogies. For Abbreviations and 
Marks met with in Genealogies vid. 

term Genealogy. 


G.C.B. Knights Grand Cross of the 

G.C.H. Knights Grand Cross of the 
Hanoverian Guelphic Order. 

G.C.I.E. Knights Grand Commanders 
of the Order of the Indian Empire. 

G. C.M.G. Knights Grand Cross of St. 
Michael and St. George. 

G. C.S.I. Knights Grand Commanders 
of the Star of India. 

G.M.M.G. Grand Master of St. 
Michael and St. George. 

G.M.S.I. Grand Master of Tlie Star 
of India. 

Knights Commanders of the 

Knights Commanders of the 


gu. Gules. 

guard. Guardant. 

ib. (Ibid) The same place. 

id. (Idem) The same. 

i.e. (Id est) That is. 

K.B. Knight of The Bath. 



Guelph or 

K.C.I. E. Knights Commanders 
The Indian Empire. 

K. C.M.G. Knights Commanders 
S. Michael and St. George. 

K. C.S.I. Knights Commanders of 
the Star of India. 

K.G. Knight of The Garter. 

K.H. Knight of the Guelph, or The 
Ro3'al Hanoverian Order. 




P. Plate. 



Knight Bachelor. 
Knight of St. Patrick. 
Knight of Tlie Thistle. 





(quad vide) 





R.R.C. Lady 







V.A. Royal Order 





Victoria C 














1/ I'lu/r/^' /'t/.if y//>//// 

Battled Embattled 

Embattled crady 




Wavy or U n dy 


Embattled Aronde 



Escutcheon or Shield 

Double Arched 


i n vec k e d 
Dovetailed TJT 

iSiiii ""^-S^^i^^-S"^-^ nebule 

JTrLTLTLi-L embattled 


/X/X/XA-A/^ Urdee or Palisado 
rt A Colours 

Or Argent Gules Azure Vert Purpure Sable Tenne 

VaireAncient Vaire 

Ermine Erm;nois Ermines Pean 

% % V7^ f \ \ 

mpaled Sanguine 



VAtR CounterVair Potent Potent 

COUNTER potent 


Gutte 0' Or 

lUTTE d'Eau V_/ White V 




Gutte de Sang 


Gutte d' Olive 






Sezant Plate Torteaux Hurt Pellet Pomme Guze Orange Golpe Fountain 





Lines. All the Ordinaries and Subordinaries are subject to the accidental forms of Lines e 

V. 3, 6, 12, 13, 14, etc. 
Points op the Escutcheon. Parts of the Shield denoting' the position of the Charges. 
Colours. Are divided into three classes, viz.: Metals, Colours, and Furs. See Tinctures. 


Or, Represented in engraving by Dots | Argent. 


Represented in engraving by 
perpendicular lines 

Left quite plain 


Represented in engraving by 

horizontal lines 
Vert. Represented in engraving by 

diagonal lines from dexter 

to sinister 
Purpure. Represented in engraving by 

diagonal lines from sinister 

to dexter 
Sable. Represented in engraving by 



horizontal and perpen- 
dicular lines crossing each 

Represented in engraving by 
diagonal lines from sinister 
to dexter crossed by hori- 
zontal lines 

Represented in engraving by 
diagonal lines from dexter 

to sinister 



The following paradigm will explain how some authors blazon Arms of Sovereigns by Planets, of 

Peers by Precious Stones, etc. 
It was the adoption of such pedantries as this by the old writers that tended to make Heraldry 

repulsive and unintelligible to the modern apprehension. 
The only recognised way now is to blazon all by the terms given under Metals, Colours, and Furs. 




































Quick Silver 


















Jacynth &> 








Ermine, a white field with black spots 
Erminois. a gold field with black spots 
Ermines, black field with white spots 
Pean. black field with gold spots 
\'air. white and blue, represented 

by figures of small escut- 
cheons ranged in lines so 
that the base argent is 
opposite to the base azure 
Confer Vair. the same as Vair only the 
figures are placed base 
against base and point 
against point 

Vair in Point, the figures standing 

exactly one upon another 

flat upon flat 
Vaire. when the figures forming the 

Vair are of more than two 

Vaire Ancient, represented by lines 
nebulee separated by straight lines 
Potent, resembles the head of crutches 

placed head to head 
Potent counter potent, also termed 

Varry cuppa, and Cuppa, 

same as the last placed foot 

to head 


drop (gntta) 

Gutte d' or 

Drops of Gold. 

Gutte de sang 

Drops of Blood. 

Gutte d' eau 


Gutte de larmes 


Gutte de poix 


Gutte d' olive 

of Oil. 

Roundle or. is termed a Bezant 
,, ar. ,, a Plate 

,, gu. ,, a Torteaux 


a Hurt 
a Pellet 


Roundle vert. is termed a Pome orPomme 
sanguine ,, a Guze 
tenne ,, an Orange 

purpure ,, a Golpe 
barry wavy ar. az a Fountain 



Observe in Blazon the word Party may be omitted, e.g., Party per Pale, will be 
described as Per-Pale, Party per Fesse, by Per-Fesse, etc. 

The Divisions of the Shield are termed Partition Lines. 

1 Per Pale ar. and az. Collings 

2 Per Fesse ar. and gu. Meelop 

3 Per Fesse az. and or, on a Fesse 

Erm. betw. Two Boars pass, in 
chief of the second and in base a 
sprig of Mayflowers slipped and 
leaved ppr. Three Escallop shells 
gu. Tupper 

4 Per Chevron ar. and sa. Aston 

5 Per Saltire gu. and ar. Shelbury 

6 Per Bend ar. and sa. Corket 

7 Per Bend Sinister ar. & gu. Bayley 

8 Per Pale and Per Chevron ar. and 

az. Branson 

9 Per Cross, or Quarterly Erm. (S' gu. 


10 Per Pile and Fesse, or Per Bar and 

Pile ar. and sa. Crovile 

1 1 Bendy of six ar. and gu. Midland 

12 Bendy of eight ar. and gu. Minshaw 

13 Barr}^ of six erm. and gu. Hussey 

14 Gu. three bars Nowy ar. Fainort 

15 Barry Pily gu. and ar. Hoyland 

16 Paly of six ar and az. Mails 

17 Paly of eight ar. and gu. Lloyd 

1 8 Ar. three Pales, or three Palets az. 

ig Retierce, or Paly and Fesse of nine 
ar. and gu. 

20 Paly of six ar. and sa. four bars gu. 

De Barry 

21 Barry of six per pale indented ar. 

and gu. Peto 

22 Gules Papelonne ar. or Counter 

Escallopee. Armourer 

23 Ar. Masculy conjoined gu. Alan 

24 Crests, Helmets and Lambrequins 

25 Gyronny of six ar. and az. Branson 

26 Gyronny of eight or and sa. Campbell 

27 Masculy ar. and gu. Pogeys 

28 Fusily ar. and gu. Duebeck 

29 Gyronny of twelve ar. and az. 

Bassingborne, Elers 

30 Gyronny of sixteen ar. and sa. Staple- 

ford. For other examples of the 
gyron, see p. 19, f. 41, to 45 

31 Lozengy or and sa. Bland 

32 Paly Bendy, or Paly Lozengy, ar. 

and gu. Sydenham 

33 Bendy Sinister Paly, or Paly Bendy 


34 Barry bendy-sinister ar. and gu. 


35 Barry bendy, or Barry lozengy ar. 

and gu. Ipre. Crispin 

36 Barry of six indented ar. and az. 


37 Cheque, or Cheeky, ar. and gu. 


38 Ar. Semee of Fleur-de-lis az. or ar. 

Semee-de-lis az. Potyn. Mor- 

39 Quarterly ar. and sa. six Roundles, 

three, two, and one counterchanged. 

40 Ar. Crucily sa. Patmore 

41 Az. Gutte or Gutty d'eau. Winter- 


42 Barry Paly, or Billettee counter 

billettee ar. and az. 

43 Or a Double Tressure fllory counter 

flory gu. 

44 Ar. a canton gu. over all on a bend 

az. three garbs or, Fitton 

45 Az. a Chevron lozengy engrailed or 

and gu. betw. three Plates each 
charged with a Martlet sa. Flet- 

46 Same Arms as No. 46. In Trick 

47 Ar. a Fesse Weir ppr., or A Weir in 

Fesse. Williams 

48 Flanched see in Dictionary 

49 Per Fesse sa. and or a bend wavy 

counterchanged. Welnborn 

50 Per Pale sa. and erm. a fesse coim- 

ter-changed. Fitz Richard 

51 Gu. on a mount vert., a Cave 

ppr. therefrom issuant a wolf 
at full speed reguardant ar. 



-.7. . -^ 


CMEtviv Let 




L'.jVE/viuDc/ . 

I'C Baker S- 



Fess or Fesse, Ar. a Fesse gu. 
Fesse Engrailed 

Invecked, or Invected 

Nebulee, or Nebuly 



Potentee, or Counter Potent 

Crenelle, or Embattled 

Embattled, counter-embattled 



with one embattle on the top, 
counter-embattled with two in 
the bottom 



Dancette-fleury counter-fleury . 
A fess dancette the upper points 

terminating in fleur-de-lis is 
borne by the name of Flowden 
Dancette of two pieces, or 
Fesse Emaunchee 
Dancettee gobony 
Raguly, counter-raguly 
Flory or Fleury 
Flory, counter-flory 
21 See Badge in Dictionary 
2 2 Fesse Treflee 

23 Indented on tlie top, or Fruille 

de scie 

24 Flamant on tlie sides 

25 Radiant, or Rayonne 





























Fesse Indented point in point 

Coronated on the top 

Wreathed, Tortilly, or Tortile 

Hemisphere, or Zodiac 

Arched, Champourne, or Elip- 
tic-circle, thereon the sign libra 

On a Fesse waved, or wavy, another 

A Fesse per-fesse Crenelle 

Supported with two Stays 

of three fusils, or three fusils 
conjoined in fesse 

of Five fusils, or Five fusils 
conjoined in fesse 


of Five mascles, or Five 
mascles conjoined in fesse 

On a Fesse, Five mascles conjoined ; 

properly a fesse vert, masculy 

Fesse masculee 

of three lozenges, or three 
lozenges conjoined in fesse 

of Five lozenges, or Five 
lozenges conjoined in fesse 

lozengy or and az. 

sa. Fretty of the field 

Rectangled at both ends 
couped, the dexter to the base 

of Two chevrons conjoined, 
or Two chevrons coupled 




1 1 








Fesse Humettee, or couped. Ar. a 
fesse humettee gu. 

Voided, Sarcelle, or Recouise. 
Gu. a fesse ar. voided of 
the field 


surmounted of another 

Bordered, or Fimbriated 

Nuee, or Nuage 

Eradicated, or Esclatte 

Escartele, or Escloppe 

Grice, Grady of three to the 
sinister, or Double escartelee 

Nowy, lozengy 


Nowy, Champaine, or urdee 

Nowy, quadrate 

Bottony, pometty, or nowy 

Debruised, fracted, or removed 


Wiure, nebulee counter nebulee, 
or wiure nebule counter-nebulee 
fixed in fesse 

of a Demi-belt, or a demi-belt 
fixed in fesse 


Bretessed, embattled-parted, or 

Crest of Ireland. A Tower triple- 
towered or, from the portal a 
hart springing ar. attired and 
hoofed gold 

Fesse Champaine, Urdee, or 

23 Fesse Embattled-grady, cr Escartele 


24 Demi, or Demi fess 

25 Rompu, coppee, coupe, or 


26 Nebulee on the top, and In- 

vecked on the bottom 

27 Beviled 

28 Rectangled, or angled 

29 between two greyhounds cou- 


30 On a fesse three lozenges 

31 Az. two combs in fesse betw. a broken 

lance fesseways (or barwa3's) or, 
one piece in chief the head res- 
pecting the dexter, the other half 
towards the sinister in base. 

32 Per-fesse ar, and gu. six martlets 

countercharged. Fenwick 

33 Per-fesse Nebuly az. and gu. Baker 

34 Per-fesse, Escartelle, grady of 


35 Per-fesse Indented 

36 Per-fesse Dancette 

37 Per-fesse Dovetail 

38 Per-fesse Crenelle 

39 Bar, per base, erased 

40 Fesse and Canton conjoined 

41 Billettee counter-billette 

42 Compony 

43 Counter-compony 

44 Chequy 

45 Quarterly 



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Bar. Ar. a Bar az. 

Two Bars. Sa. two bars ar. arms of 


Three Closets 

Two Bars gemels 

Three Bars gemels 

Three Bars 
8 Barry of eight 
g A Fesse cottised 

10 A Fesse double cottised 

11 Fesse treble cottised 

12 Fesse charged with five music bars 

13 Barry of six per-pale counter- 

Fesse betw. two cottises fleury 

cottised potentee 

double cottised potent, counter- 

Ijetw. two bars geraelle, em- 

A Fret 

20 Fret couped 

21 The Badge of Wales. A Dragon 

pass., Avings elevated endorsed 
gu. upon a mount vert. 
Fret engrailed. (For Triangular 
Frets see p. 42. f. 38.) 

fretted, or double fretted 

fleury at each point 

charged on each point with a 

interlaced with an annulet 









Ar. on a Fret throughout gu. a rose 
in every interstice of the second, 
barbed vert., four hearts of the 
first. Gardiner 

29 Fretty 

30 Ar. Fretty sa. and semee of crescents 

of the second, or Ar. fretty sa. in 
each interstice a crescent of the 

31 An Orle 

32 Per-Pale ar. and sa. an orle engrailed 

on both sides countercharged 

33 A Double Orle, or an Orle of two 

pieces. (For Orle of three pieces 
see pi. 22, f. 25) 

34 An Orle fretted with a pallet and 


35 Gu. within an Orle ar. charged with 

eight mullets az. an armillary 
sphere or. Chamberlain 

36 An Orle of eight estoiles. See Orle 

in Dictionary 

37 Az. a Manche, or Maunch within an 

Orle of Fleur-de-lis or. 

38 Erminois a crescent sa. within an 

Orle of Matlets gu. Roskell 

39 Seven estoiles, or stars in orbicular 


40 Two Flasques, or Flanches 

41 Two Voiders 

42 Sa. a Stag's head cabosed betw. two 

Flanches ar. Parker 

43 Gu. a lion ramp, or betw. two flanches 

erm. and a point in point of the 

44 Per-Pale sa. and ar. a Fleur-de-lis 

betw. two flanches, each charged 
with a Fleur-de-lis, all counter- 
charged. Also blazoned Per-Pale 
sa. and ar. two flanches and 
three Fleur-de-lis in fesse all 
countercharged. Robyns and 

45 Two square Flanches 



1 Pile. Az. a pile erm. 

2 reversed or transposed 

3 issuing out of dexter base, in 

point bendways, also termed a 
Pile inverted in bend sinister 

4 indented 

5 reversed, or transposed indented 

6 embattled counter embattled 

7 reversed fitched, or undee at top, 

raguly, or with a crenelle on each 

8 reversed goaree 

g and two demi piles embowed, or 
flanched, and fixed to the sides 

10 Triple, or Triple-pointed 

11 in point bendwise, pierced 


12 charged with another engrailed 

13 in bend issuing out of the dexter 

corner. Ar. a pile issuant from 
the dexter chief point sa. fim- 
beriated and engrailed gu. 

14 Two Piles in point 

15 Two Piles embowed fretting each 


16 Three Piles meeting in bad^, or three 

Piles in point 

17 Pile betw. two Piles reversed 
iS Pile transposed betw. two Piles 

19 Three Piles issuing from the dexter 


20 Three Piles issuing out of sinister 

base in point bendways 

21 Badge of the Prince of Wales. A 

plume of three ostrich feathers 
argent, enfiled by a coronet com- 
posed of fleur-de-lis and crosses- 
pattee alternately gold, and 
on an escroll az. edged or the 
rnotto Ich Dien 

22 Three Piles, on a fesse surmounting 

the exterior ones, and debruised 
by the centre one, two cre- 

23 A fesse in chief three Piles wavy 

24 Pily counter-pily of seven traits (or 

pieces) the points ending in 
crosses pattee, three in chief 
and two in base 

25 Three Piles issuing from the dexter 

in bend on each point a fleur- 

26 A Pile triple, or triple-pointed in 

base bendwise, floried at the 

27 Issuing from a chief three piles 

28 Two Piles reversed in point out of 

dexter and sinister base 

29 Five Piles issuing from dexter bend- 


30 Piles traversed, barwise 

31 Pily of eight, traverse in point to 

sinister fesse 

32 A Pile and cheveron countercharged 

33 Three Piles issuing from the chief, 

surmounted by a cheveron, 
charged with three plates 

34 On a Pile three pears slipped stalks 


35 On a Pile engrailed betw. two fish 

hauriant, a lion passant 

36 Pile and Saltire countercharged. The 

blazon may be Ar. a Saltire sa. 
a pile countercharged 

37 Three Piles within a bordure, or 

three piles gu. within a bordure 
az. plattee 

38 Per-Pile traverse 

39 Paly-pily, or Pily-paly 

40 Pile square or tetragonell pyramid 


41 Three Piles solid and triangular 


42 Piles fitched at the top also termed 

Piles wavy, fitched at both ends 

43 Per Pile and cheveron counter- 


44 Per Pile reversed and per pale 

countercharged, or per pale and 
pile reversed countercharged 

45 Per Pile transposed 



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CjV.Bvin /Jr/ 

P. rH.rAYrSr. 






1 Cross. Ar. a Cross sa. 

2 between four Roses 

3 On a Cross five fleur-de-lis 

4 Cross surmounted by a Bendlet 

5 engrailed. Per pale az. and gu. 

over all a cross engr. erm. 

6 raguly or raguled 


wavy, or undee 

watery, or a plain cross waved 

counter-quartered, or quarterly- 
quartered, or quarterly a cross 

12 point in point 

13 gobony, or componee 

14 counter componee, or counter 


15 chequy 

16 quarter-pierced 

17 ra3^onnated, or rayonnant 

18 corded 

1 9 clechee, recourse, or recoursie 

20 voided, also termed sarcelle. 

Gu. a cross or voided of the 

21 The Royal Banner, ditto of St. 

George, St. Andrew, and St. 
Patrick. The "Union Jack" 
or National Banner, this flag is 
blue, bearing the Red Cross of 
St. George, the Saltire, or White 
Cross of St. Andrew, and the 
Red Saltire, or Cross of St. 
Patrick, combined 

22 Cross recercelled of another, also 
blazoned cottised 

double voided, also termed 
voided sarcelled 

fimbriated, or bordered 

surmounted of another 


double-parted and fretted 

triparted and fretted 

of three endorses surmounted of 
as many barrulets 



fretted with an annulet. The 
arms of Crusamell 

double-parted fretted with four 

lozengy-nowed, or lozengee- 

35 degraded 

36 pattee fixed, double-rebated 

37 _ nowy 

38 nowy-lozengy 

39 nowy-quadrat 

40 couped, at the top and flurt 

41 cable, or cablee 

42 cottised with eight demi fleur-de- 

lis, properly a cross recercelled 
with eight demi fleur-de-lis, their 
bottoms towards the fesse point 

no wed grady fixed 

nowed grady conjoined fitchee 

degraded and conjoined, or 
issuing from twelve degrees 













1 Cross lozengv, properly. Or a cross 

of nine lozenges az. 

2 lozengy. Ar. a cross lozengy or. 

and gu. 

3 of seven fusils 

4 Five lozenges in cross 

5 Cross of nine mascles, or masculy 


6 masculy 

7 mascle, or four mascles conjoined 

in cross 

8 of bezants. A cross bezantee is a 

plain cross strewed with bezants 

of roundles (hurts) ends tasselled 

of annulets 

of chains 

of four lozenges aboute 



1 1 


of triangles, or twelve triangles 

m cross 

14 pall 

15 portate, portante, or portrate 

16 tron-onnee 

17 bretessed, a cross crossed, or a 

cross crosslet fixed 

18 crosslet also termed crosslet, 

crossell, crosset, or crucelet 

1 9 crosslet fitchee 

20 crosslet fitchee at the foot 

21 Arms of a Bachelor. Ar. a chev. gu. 

betw. three martlets sa. The 
Shield ensigned with an helmet 
answering to his degree, mantled 
gu. doubled ar. Crest, on a 
wreath of the colours. Rocks ppr. 
issuant therefrom a demi lion 
ramp, or, holding a vine branch 
fructed also ppr. Motto Spec- 
temur agendo in old English. 

22 Cross crosslet double crossed 

23 Cross crosslet on three grieces 

24 crosslet crossed 

25 of Jerusalem, or Jerusalem Cross, 

also termed a cross, crosslet 
cantoned with four crosses 

26 pattee crossed, also termed a 

cross crosslet pattee 

27 patrid:rchal grieced 

28 couped humette, or humetty 
2g couped and bordered 

30 couped voided. Az. a cross 

couped ar. voided of the field 

31 couped pierced circular 

32 nowy couped, properly a cross 

nowy quadrat couped 

33 Calvary, or cross of Christ 

34 couped pointed and voided, or a 

cross couped pointed and voided 
also termed Eguisce, or Aiguise 

35 couped pointed and fimbriated, 

or, a cross points pointed and 

36 bottonnee, pattee, also termed 


37 fitched at all points, pierced 


38 Lorrain voided 

39 masculy and pommettee, or 


40 lambeauxed in all four 

41 blunted also termed mousue, or 


42 couped fitchee double at th.e 

points, also termed chappe 

43 couped and fitchee at all points 

44 couped and fitchee at all points 

and pierced square 
43 estoile, or star-cross 




P. CBa/cerSr. 
























Cross Pattee ; also termed a Cross 

Pattee pierced 

Pattee Fimbriated 

Pattee Concave 

Pattee Invecked 

Pattee Engrailed 

Pattee Thronghout, or Entire 

Pattee Fixed and Notched ; also 
termed a Cross Pattee Escartelle 
or Demi Sarcelled 

Pattee Moline 

Pattee Quartered 

Pattee Pommettee, charged with 
another formee 

- Pattee Double Rebated 

Pattee Flory, or a Cross Pattee 
Fleury, or Florettee 

Pattee Fitchee, or Pitched 

Pattee Couped Pitched, or re- 
bated, better say a Cross Pattee 
fitched rebated 

Pattee Double sarcelled at bot- 

Pattee Double Fitched 

Pattee Fitchee at the foot 

Pattee an engrail at each point 

Pattee Fitchee at all points 
Arms of a Maid are always borne 

in a lozenge, Az. three swords 
one in pale point upwards, 
surmounted of the other two in 
saltire points downwards, ar. 
hilts and pommels or, Norton 
Cross Pattee Crenellee 

Pattee Convexed, or a Cross 
pattee alisee, or globical 

Patriarchal pattee flory at thefoot 


25 Cross Pattee Fitchee Lambeaux, or 

a Cross Pattee Fitchee on a 
label of three points 

26 Pattee fitchee disjointed 

27 Pattee fitchee at all points 


28 Patriarchal pattee 

2g Tau ends convexed, mounted 
upon three grieces 

30 Tau also termed St. Anthony's 

Cross, and Cross Commise 

31 Barbed, Barbee, Cramponee, or 


Fusil at each end rebated 

Fusil at each end 

Double Portante 

Fourchee, Fourchy, or Furshe, 
also termed a Cross Miller re- 

36 Couped treble-fitchee, also 

termed a Cross Fourchee of 
three points 

37 Couped fitchee of four at eacli 

end ; also termed a Cross of 
sixteen points, or fitchee of 

38 Long, or Passion Cross ; also termed 

The Latin Cross 

39 Long Cross couped with the felloe 

of a wheel conjoined at top 

40 Long Cross, potent pomelled of 

three, the foot plain 

41 Cross moline rebated 

42 couped fitchee, top fusil 

43 Fitchee,anciently called Furchee 

44 Pattee fusily fitchee 

45 Aiguise, or Equisee 


PLATE 10. 

Cross Moline, also termed Nyle, 
Anille, or Nelle 

Molina pierced lozengy 

Moline quarterly pierced 

Moline angled with acorns, or 
acorned as each angle 

Moline per cross, at each end at 
the centre of the extremities a 
leaf of three points 

Pattee in fesse and moline in 

Moline pomelled, or a cross 
moline pommette 

Moline double-rebated 

Moline anchored 

Moline double-parted, voided 
flory, or a cross moline Sarcelled 

Anchored, Anchore, or Anchory. 
Also termed a cross pattee double 
fitched, or double fitchee of all 

Double parted flory 


Patonce Fitchy 

Patonce angled 

Patonce voided 


Couped fleury,or Humettyflurty 
or florette 

Flory triparted, properly a cross- 

Bottonnee, or a cross Trefoil, or 

21 Arms Impaled, i.e., Baron and 

Femme. Elvin impaling Norton. 
See pi. 8 and g, fig. 21 

22 Cross of the Capitals, of four pillars 

flurty and a leopard's face issuant 
- Astragal, or Astrical with fleur- 
de-lis. Also termed a cross 
cornished flurt 












with passion 

24 Cross INIiller, or a cross mill-rind 
















]\Iill-rind voided and disjointed 

Triparted flory 

Pomelle, avelland, or cross 
pommelle flory 

Pomelled, Pommelle, or Crown- 
ed-pomel or bourdonnee 

Pomelle voided and removed 


Ponjmelled and Crescented, also 
termed cross pommettee and 

Couped crescented, also termed 
cross-crescented, or crescenty 

Ferrated, i.e. with horse-shoes 
at extremities 

Double-parted and anchored, 
or a cross double-parted and 

Annulated, or a cross couped, 
at each end an annulet 

Annulated, rebated 

Annuly each fretted with a 


Degraded, nowed 

Crosslet, double-fitched (or 
fitchee) of all four rebated 

Double-fitched (or fitchee) and 
rebated of all four 


Patriarchal thrice crossed potent 
the foot lambeaux 

Patriarchal pommettee upon 
three grieces 

Quarterly quartered couped, 
ends sarcelled and reverted 

Potent ends rounded, surmount- 
ed of a cross couped. It may be 
blazoned. Ar. a Cross Potent 
the ends roiuided iiu. voided 
per cross 



PLATE 10. 

rS J:hn, A/ 

J' l'Ji/.Y,:Sr. 




/v/Wyv j;- 


PLATE 11. 

1 Cross Pattee quadrat in the centre, 

this is also called the Cross of 
St. Cuthbert 

2 Cross of St. James 

3 of Athelstan, or Athelstone's 

Cross, i.e. on a mound, a cross 

4 Double triparted 

5 Double Avellaney, or a cross 
mascle fruitagee 


Potent, or Potence also termed 
a Cross Baton, or Batune 

Potent crossed, or a cross gemelle 

Potent engrailed 

Potent fitchee 

Potent Flory 

Potent pomelled and fitchee at 

Potent quadrat in the centre 

Potent, repotent 

Hamecon barbed at foot 

of Four pomels 

Caterfoil, or Cross Quatrefoil 

Potence of Saxon F. this is also 
termed Digamma 

with demi annulets inverted, or a 
cross demi anuled inverted 










21 Arms of an Heiress or Co. -Heiress 

when married ; the husband bear 
her arms in an Escutcheon of 
Pretence, as here shown. Arms 
in Pretence, quarterly or and gu. 
on a bend sa. five bezants. 

22 Cross of Four pruning hooks con- 

trary embowed, by some called 
four coulters joined to a ball or 

23 Fer-de-moline, pierced lozengy, 

or a cross moline nowy lozengy 












Cross Patriarchal pattee conjoined 
and annuiated in the middle of the 
bottoms, or in the middle of the 
bottom cross. Also blazoned as 
two patriarchal crosses pattee 
conjoined and both annuiated in 
the centre of the lower cross 

Lambeaux rebated 

on each stem the Saxon B 

Long, or Long Cross on Ball 
and top like the Roman P 

Coronated, or Coronette 

Banister, or four banister-staves 
fixed crosswise to a roundle, 
each crowned at the ends 



Moline invertant, Cercelee, or 

Avelane, or avellane 

with Caterfoils and trefoils 

grady pomelled 

Couped, anserated, or gringolee. 
See Decorated 

Long, or Long Cross raguled 

of four batunes fretted 

Potent rebated, also termed a 
Cross Cramponne ; a Fylfot, or 

Recercellee voided 

of Ermine, or Four Ermine- 
spots in cross, heads in fesse 

of Malta, or Cross of St. John of 
Jerusalem. See also pi. 23, fig. 

Pendall, or Spindle 

Clechee properly means voided, 
but this cross is by some termed 
a cross clechee 

Capital, or Cornished 


PLATE 12. 








A Chief. Gu. a Chief or. 

Ar. on a Chief vert, two mullets 

pierced or. 
Az. in Chief three etoiles ar. 
Chief Engrailed 

Invecked, or Invected 

Wavy, Wavee, or Undee 


embattled rebated at its corners 


Quarterly, Potent counter-po- 

Neublee. Ar. Gutte-de-poix, a 
chief nebulee gu. 

Rayonee, Rayed, or Raise 
Indented. Ar. masoned sa., a 
chief indented of the second 

14 Crenellee 

15 of one Indent 

16 with one dovetail, also termed a 

Chief with one label or Lam- 
beaux, or pattee 

17 Escartellee, also blazoned one 

embattlement in a chief 

1 8 with one embattlement 
ig Nowed 

20 Angled, or Rect-angled 

21 Arms Quarterly, ist and 4th ar. a 

chev. gu. betw. three martlets 
sa. Elvin 2nd and 3rd. Quar- 
terly or and gu. on a bend sa. 
five bezants. Stebbing. Crest 
Blazoned at plate 8. fig. 21 

22 A Chief Beveled 

23 Couped 

24 Bordered or rempli, also termed 


25 charged with a Bar humettee 


26 A Chief Couped bevelwise. Ar. six 

muschetors, three, two and one 
and a Chief couped bevelwise az. 

27 with one indent in chief, or a 

Chief indent 

28 On a Chief a Bar Dancettee, also 

termed a vivre 

29 Chief Convert 

30 Per-Fess. Bendy of six ar. and 

gu. A chief per-fesse ar. and 
erm. in chief three fleur-de-lis 

Lowered or Removed 

Surmounted, or Surmounte 

charged with a Fillet. Sa. a Chief 
erm. charged with a fillet in the 
neither part ar. It is also blazoned 
a Chief supported or surmounted, 
and a Chief wdth a fillet in the 
lower part, also Soustenu, or 

Vestu, or Revestu 

Vestu sinister 


Arched, convex, or flecked 

Double Arched 

Charged with a Chapournet, or 

Chapournated, or a Chapourna- 
ted-chief. And a Barrulet enfiled 
with an annulet 

Point in Point dented 

Pierced by an arrow 

Enmanchee, or Chappe. Gu. a 
chief ar. chappe sa. 

Quarterly-Flory counter Flory 

Charged with a Bar Nebulee. Gu. 
three Pheons ar. on a Chief of 
the last a bar nebulee az. 







For Chief Ajoun', and Chausse. See pi. 22, fig. 9 and 8. 


PLATE 12. 


'- 'A; 


^ ' X /:h nr/h/ 



PLATE 13. 

i 'A'ljvin ftrl . 



PLATE 13. 

Bordure. Sa. a Bordureor Border ar. 


Embattled, or Crenellee 



Compony, or Ggbony 




- Point in Point 


Battled, or embattled-grady 

Per Border Indented 


- Denticules, or Denticles 

Arms of a Knight Bachelor. Az. a 
chev. engr., betw. three leopard's 
faces, ar. Shield ensigned with 
a Knight's helmet ppr. mantled 
az. doubled ar. on a wreath of 
the colours a leopard's face as 
in the arms. As borne by Sir 
Peter Eade, Knt., M.D. 

22 Bordure Quarterly 

23 Paly of six 

24 Per Saltire a Border counter- 


Per Fesse 
- Barry of six 
Per Bend Border counterchanged. 

Per Bend ar. and gu., a Border 

28 Bendy 

29 Bordure Chevronny of six 








1 1 







and gu. 

30 Bordure of England and France 

31 Double counterchanged. Also 

blazoned Per-Pale ar. 
Embordered of the same 

32 Demi 

33 Or an Inescutcheon gu. a bordure 

of the last 

34 Bordure Quarterly quartered. Also 

blazoned as a bordure divided 
as gjTonne of eight 










Charged with another, or a 
Bordure surmounted of another, 
also blazoned a Border parted 
per Border 

Per-Pale. Per-Pale ar. and gu. 
a bordure charged with eight 
escallops all counterchanged 

Charged with eight martlets, 
termed a Bordure Enaluron 

On a Bordure eight Lions pass, 
guard. Also termed a Bordure 
Enurny of eight Lions, c~c. 

Verdoy of Trefoils. Sa. on a 
border or, eight trefoils vert. 

Bezantee or Bezanty. Ar. a 
Lion ramp, gu., ducally crowned 
or, within a border sa. bezant}-. 
Either Entoyre of eight bezants 
or garnished with bezants 



as borne when impaled. Gu. a 
bordure ar., Impaling az. a 
Fesse ar. 

Surmounted of a chief 

Engrailed. Sa. three crescents 
Erm. within a bordure engrailed. 


PLATE 14. 






Ar. a Pale sa. 

Ar. a Pallet gu. 

Ar. an Endorse or Indorse gu. 

Ar. a Pale endorsed az, or a Pale 

betw. two Indorses 
Per Pale, a Pale counterchanged 
Pale Between two Eagles displayed 

wmgs inverted 

Surmounted of another 

Voided. Or a pale gu. voided of 
the field 

Fimbriated, or bordered en- 
grailed . 

Engrailed betw. two pallets 

Invecked, or invected 

Flory-counter Flory 






Radiant, (az. on a Pale-radiant 
or, a Lion ramp, gu.) also 
termed Rayonnee 

Double arched 
Fitchee in the foot 

Arms of a Baronet. Gu. three garbs 
and a Bordure engr. or. above 
the Shield an helmet befitting 
his degree, mantled gu. doubled 
ar. on a wreath of the colours 
the Crest, on a Garb lying 
fesseways or, a Pelican vulning 
herself ppr. Kemp. Bart. 

22 Pale Champaine 

23 Bevilled 

24 Retracted 

25 Fracted, or removed and over- 




1 1 






26 Pale Fracted, or removed 

27 Angled 

28 Lozengy conjoined 

29 Counterchanged. Per Fesse gu. 

and or, a Pale counterchanged 

30 Paly of three parted per Fesse, also 

termed Paly and Fesse of six 

31 Two Pales 

32 Three Pales 

33 Paly of six per-fesse counterchanged 

see also P. 22. f. 42 

34 Two Pales couped in fesse conjoined 

to another 

35 Pale angled quarter, or a Pale 

nowy quadrate 

36 Or three rose leaves in pale vert. 

betw. two Pallets az., a chief gu 

37 Per Fesse in clave, or per fesse a 

Pale in base. Per fesse ar. and 
gu. in base a Pale or. 

38 Paly of six Saltiery counterchanged 

39 Per-Fesse, the base Per-Pale in 

chief or, a dexter hand couped 
at the wrist grasping a sword 
erect entwined with a serpent 
ppr. betw. two lions ramp, re- 
specting each other gu.; the 
dexter base vert, charged with 
a brick trippant or.; on the sinis- 
ter base per-pale ar. and sa. a 
boar pass, counterchanged 

40 ^ 


42 Three Palets wavy 

43 Three stirrups with leathers couped 

in pale 

44 Paly of six ar. and gu. a Bend sa. 

45 Per-Pale ar. and az. in the first. 

three pallets sa. 

Per Pale a Pheon counterchanged 
Five Lozenges in Pale 


PLATE 14. 


PLATE 15. 




PLATE 15. 

1 At. a Chevron gu. 

2 Chevronel 


Couple close 



Two Couple closes 



Chevron Engrailed 









Bordered, or Fimbriated 



Engrailed. Or. a chev. engrailed 


az. Charged, or surmounted of 


another ar. 


voided of another engrailed 


voided. Az. a chev. or voided 


of the field 








Embattled counter-embattled 










Potent counter-potent 



Urdee, or Champaine 





Arms of a Baronet of Scotland or 
Nova Scotia Baronet. See Nova 
Scotia Baronet 


Chevron Embattled arondie 



Flamant on the upper side 










Chevron Indented embowed, or 
Hacked and Hewed 

Grady on both sides 

Griece, or Double escartelee 


In Point embowed 



Potent, ringed at the top 

Pattee at the top, or a Chevron 
ensigned on the top with a 

Enhansed, or Enhanced 

In Base 

Cottised. This may be blazoned 
az. a chev. ar. betw. two couple 
closes or 

Triparted, or Treble-parted 
Three Chevrons, or chevronels 

braced, or interlaced 

Three chevronels 

Gu. two Chevrons in Fret, or Fretted, 
the upper one or, the other ar. 
It may be blazoned ; gu. a chev. 
ar. interlaced with another re- 
versed or 

Chevron Reversed 

Two Chevrons in counter-point 

Two Chevrons couched, dexter 
and sinister 


PLATE 17. 


P. C. Baker. Sr 


PLATE 17. 


a Bend sa. 
a Bendlet gu. 

a Garter gu. 
a Cost gu. 
a Bend-sinister sa. 
a Scarpe sa. 
Bend Engrailed 



Indented, embowed, or Hacked 
and Hewed 




Flory counter-Flory 



Embattled counter-embattled 


Urdee, Urdy, Palisado, Cham- 
pagne, or Warriated 
Dovetail. Per Bend ar. and sa. 
a Bend Pattee or Dove-tail 

21 Arms of a Bishop. The arms of the 

See of Chester gu. three mitres 
labelled or ; Impaled with these 
the Armorial Bearings of Dr. 
Stubbs Bp. of Chester, viz. sa. 
on a Bend Nebulee or,, bet w. 
Two Bezants each charged with 
a Pheon of the field, three oval 
buckles tongues pendent of the 

22 Bend Radiant, Rayonne, or Radiant 
























Bend Urdee-Champained 

Arondie, nuee, or nuage. Also 
termed a Bend arondy treble- 
arched ; or gored on both sides 


- Raguly 

of a limme (limb) of a Tree 
Raguled and Trunked. Pen- 

Bordered, or Fimbriated 

Voided. Erm. a bend gu. voided 
of the field 

Double edged 

Cottised. Az. on a Bend cottised 
ar. three billets sa. 

Double cotised, cottised, or 

Treble cottised 

Surmounted. Erm. a Bend En- 
grailed az. surmounted of an- 
other or. 


Cottised potentee 

Double cottised potent counter- 
potent, also blazoned, Az. a 
Bend. betw. four cottises potent 
on the inner sides or. 

Humette, or couped 

Bretessed parted 

Gobony or Compony 

Compony counter-compony 

Billettee counter-billettee 

Chequy, or Checkie 

Indented point in point 

In Bend. Ar. in bend three mascles 
betw. two cottises sa. 



^.:jV/:/.vi.nJ)el . 



PLATE 19. 

1 Per-Bend ar. and gu. two Bendlets 



















Embattled Urdee 

Embattled arondie 


Nebuly, or Nebulee 

In Point 

with one embattlement arondie 

In point to Sinister, or Per-Bend 
Escartelee pointed 

Nuee, Double gored 

Pointed with ball 

Treble arched, or gored to the 

Sinister in Aile 



Two Piles, triple pointed, 
bowed and counter-posed 

Sinister, in form of lions' 

Indented into three points tre- 

Waved and counter-trefoiled 
Arms of an Earl. Erm. a Fer-de- 

mouline betw. two martlets in 
pale sa., on a chief engrailed 
az.,two marlions' wings conjoin- 
ed and expanded or. Shield 
surmounted by an Earl's coronet. 
Crest a Lion ramp. Erminois 
holding a fer-de-mouline as in 
the arms. Supporters. -Dexter a 
griffin wings endorsed ar., gorged 

, Sinis- 
with a 



with a marquiss coronet 

ter a Bear ppr. gorged 

belt ar. buckled and 

with two cresents or. motto Esto 

quod esse videris. Mills, Earl 

Per Bend waved, with two foils, or 

leaves, contrary posed 
Per Bend waved with foils of leaves 


24 On a Bend, per-bend gu. and az. 

betw. tw^o cottises engr. sa. three 
fleur-de-lis or. 

25 Per Bend counter-pommettee 

26 A Bend-Braced 

27 A Batton, or Batune. Also termed 

the Bar of bastardy 

28 Ar. a bentlet gu. betwn. two Grey- 

hounds courant in bend sa., 
enclosed by as many bendlets 
of the second 

29 Erm. on a Bend sa. two hands and 

arms issuing out of clouds all 
ppr. rending a horse shoe or. 

30 Gu. a Bend or, a chief ar. 

31 Az. four costs or. 

32 Ar. a Bend and Bordure gu. 

33 Barry of ten or. and sa. a Bend gu. 

34 Vair ar. and sa. a Quarter gu. 

2,5 Chequy or. and gu. a Sinister quarter 

36 Sa. gutte d' Eau a Canton Erm. 

37 Az. on a Canton indented or, a 

Butterfly of the first 

38 Ar. a Brogue, or Shoe sa., on a 

Canton per- chev. gu. and Erm. 
Three covered cups or. 

39 Ar. a Fritillaria meleagris stalked 

and leaved ppr. on a Canton gu. 
a cross pattee or. 

40 Ar. a Canton in dexter-base vert. 

41 Gyronny or Gyronne of eight ar. and 

az, within a border Erm. over 
all a Canton gu. changed with 
a fleur-de-lis or. 

42 Ar. a G3'ron gu. 

43 Ar. Two Gyrons az. also termed 

Mi-Taille. (Gyronny of six, eight, 
twelve and sixteen see P. 2.) 

44 Az. three bars or, on an Escutcheon 

ar., three nails points in base 
sa., on a chief of the first two 
pallets betw. as many gyrons of 
the second. See P. 21. f. 42. 

45 Gyronny of three Arondia gu. or 

and sa. 


PLATE 20. 

1 Saltier. Ar. a Saltier az. 

2 Voided. Az. a saltier or voided 

of the field 

3 Surmounted of another 

4 Fimbriated, or edged 

These are distinguished by the 

5 Quarterly Quartered 

6 Counterchanged. Per Saltire ar. 

and gu., a Saltier counter- 

7 Cheeky, or Chequy 

8 Compony counter-compony 

9 Compony 

10 Lozengy, or Lozengee 

11 Fusily 

12 Masculy 

13 of Nine Lozenges 

14 of Eight Fusils 

15 of mascles 

16 Ar. a mascle fretted with four 

others in Saltier gu. 

17 Saltier Indented 

iS Triparted and fretted, or Three 
bendlets and three bendlets- 
sinister interlaced 

1 9 Raguly 

20 Potentee, or Potented 

21 Arms of a Commoner and Lady. 

The Armorial Bearings of 
Benjamin Disraeli, and Mary 
Anne Viscountess Beaconsfield. 
See Arms of Commoner and 

22 Saltier Couped 

23 Bretessed 

24 Nowy 

25 Nowy arched 

26 Nowy quadrat pierced lozengy 

27 Nowy Lozengy 

28 Nowy couped 

29 Saltier, saltiered and flory. or a 

Crosslet flory in Saltire 

30 Saltier Saltiered-pattee 









Toulouse and pommettee 

Saltered and Flory 

Invecked and plain cottised 

Gu. on a Saltier 

or, a crescent betw. four 
roses of the field, barbed and 
seeded ppr. 

Between. Az. a Saltier or, betw. 
four annulets ar. Or az. a Saltier 
or, cantoned with four annulets 

Cantoned. Ar. a Chief and Sal- 
tier gu., cantoned with two 
Mascles in the collar and base 
points az. in the flanks a spot of 

In Saltier. Az. Five Roses in 
Saltier ar. 

Counterchanged. Per-pale or and 
az. A Saltier counterchanged 

Surmounted, Or a fesse az. sur- 
mounted of a Saltier gu. 
a Saltier. Ar. on a Saltier sa. 
within a border of the last, a 
gem-ring or. Also blazoned Ar. 
on a Saltier sa. an annulet or 
stone az. all within a bordure of 
the second 

43 Az. an annulet ensigned with a cross 

pattee or, interlaced with a 
Saltier conjoined in base of the 

44 Saltier of Chains 

45 A Gordian Knot, Blazoned a double 

orle of annulets, linked to each 
other, and to one in the centre, 
gyronwise. It is also termed 
The Double Knot of Navarre, 
or Navarre Knot 

42 On 


PLATE 20. 




PLATE 21. 

( 'XA'/iuiJJr/ 



PLATE 21. 




8 Ar. 


A Point dexter., or Point dexter 

Point pointed 

in point reversed 

in point, also termed a Graft 
Plain Point, or a Point in base 
Point Champaine, Champion, or a 

Base chausse 
Vert Two Squires in point from 
chief on either side, a pale ar. or 
Points dexter and sinister from 
the chief on either side of a pale 
a Point pointed az. and two 
points dexter and sinister 
removed gu. 
g Gu. on a chev. ar., three martlets of 
the first betw. two points dexter 
and sinister engrailed and a 
Point pointed invecked or. 
lo Point dexter removed extended to 
the sinister side 
Ar. Points pointed to the chief and 
reversed in base counterchang- 
ed gu. 
Gu. Point sinister removed and ex- 
tended to dexter fesse point ar. 
charged with the lik; point az. 
Point pointed in point from dexter 
base to sinister chief 

on the top a pomel, or 


reversed bottony at end 

fleury, or a Point in Point 

flory at the top 


with one embattlement 

dexter and sinister convexed, or 

sinister and dexter base indented 

21 Arms of Augmentation see Augmen- 


22 Points four pointed and Nowy on 

the top in pale 

23 four, or Lozenge in point. Per- 

fess ar. and vert, four points 
counterchanged. Hinxley 

24 A Base Esquire, or a Point based 

25 A Sinister Quarter pointed 







26 Per-Pile in base, or Per Chevron 


27 A Point dexter and Sinister arched 

and a Point in point 

28 Urdee in point, or contrary urdee 
2g Per-Fesse Varrey in Point, or per- 

fesse ar. urdee in point, paleways 
of the first and az. 

30 Barry point in point, or barry per- 


31 Per-fesse double arched, or gored, or 

per-fesse point in point reversed 

32 A Gore, or Goar sinister 

33 Two Gussets, or a dexter and sinis- 

ter gusset 

34 Ente in point ar. az. and gu. 

35 Tierce in Pairle gu. az. and ar. 

in mantle gu. az. and ar., or 
parted in three mantle 

in Fesse also termed Points three 

in Pale 

in Bend 

in Gyrons bend sinisterwa3's 

in Pile from Sinister to Dexter, 
or Traverse from the sinister 

Barry of six ar. and az. an inescut- 
cheon of the last ; on a chief or, 
two pallets betw. as many gyrons 
of the second, sometimes blazon- 
ed two based esquires, or Squires 
base dexter and sinister, instead 
of gyron's 

43 Sa. on a Point wavy ppr. a lion 

pass, or, in chief three bezants 

44 Arms of Hanover. Field divided 

per-pale and per-chev. enarched 
1st. Gu. two lions pass, guard, 
in pale or, for Brunswick. 2nd. 
Or, semee of hearts ppr. a lion 
ramp. az. for Luenburgh. 3rd. 
Gu. a horse courant ar. for 
Saxony. In the centre (or En 
Surcoat) on an inescutcheon gii. 
the crown of Charlemagne ppr. 
Ar. a demi lion ramp. az. naissant 
out of a plain point gu., on a 
chief indented sa., an estoile 
betw. two increscents of the first 








PLATE 22. 

1 Shield of the Trinity 

2 Az. an Episcopal Staff in pale or, 

ensigned with a cross pattee ar. 
surmounted of a Pall of the last, 
charged with four crosses formee- 
fitchee sa., edged and fringed 
of the second. Archbishop of 

3 Gu. a Pall ar. edged and fringed or. 

4 Holy Dove 

5 Spider and Web, also termed *' Cob- 


6 Gurges, or Whirlpool 

7 Az. on a mount in base vert, the 

tree of Paradise environed with the 
Serpent betw. Adam and Eve all 
ppr. Fruiterer's Company, Lon- 

8 Erm. A Chief ar. Chausse gu. 

9 Az. A Chief or, ajoure gu. 

10 Ar. on a mount in base vert three 

pine trees ppr. a dexter side or. 

1 1 Ar. the base vert issuing therefrom 

three hop poles sustaining their 
fruit all ppr. Houblon 

12 Ar. on a mount vert, a lion ramp. 

contourne gu. supporting an orange 
tree-fructed ppr. De la Motte 

1 3 Per-fesse wavy the chief ar., the base 

representing waves of the sea, in 
chief a dexter hand couped at the 
wrist gu., in base a Salmon naiant 
ppr. O'Neill 

14 Ar. two bubbles, and a third rising 

out of water in base ppr. borne by 
Aire and Bubbleward 

J 5 Sa. a Fesse ar., in chief three ladies 
from the waist heads affrontee 
arranyed and veiled ar. crowned 
or, in base an ox of the second 
passing over a ford ppr. See of 

i5 Gu., a demi horse ar., hoofed and 
maned or, issuing out of water in 
base ppr. Trevelyan. See Water 

17 Or, Semee of Flowers gentle, in the 
middle of the chief a sengreen 
resting upon a book betw. two 
serpents in pale, their tails knit 
together all in ppr. colours, resting 
upon a square stone vert. Caius 
College Cambridge 

18 Per-Pale gu. and az. three lions 
pass, guard in pale or. Dimidiated 
with three herrings naiant in pale 
ar. Gt. Yarmouth. See term Dimi- 

ig Quarterly, i and 4 sa. a chev. betw. 
three fleames ar. 2nd. and 3rd Per- 
Pale ar. and vert, a Spatula in 
pale az. surmounted of a Rose gu. 
charged with another silver, the 
first rose regally crowned ppr. betw. 
the four quarters of a cross of St. 
George charged with a lion pass, 
guard, or. Barber's Company 

20 Gu. on a cross ar., betw. the four 

ace cards ppr. viz.: the ace of 
hearts and diamonds in chief, the 
ace of spades and clubs in base ; 
a lion pass, guard, of the first. 
Card Maker's Company 

21 Arms of a Widow. See Dictionary 

22 A Cross Quarterly quartered 

23 A Cross Patriarchal 

24 Gu. a demi virgin couped below the 

shoulders, issuing from clouds all 
ppr. vested or, crowned with an 
eastern crown of the last, her hair 
dishevelled, and wreathed round 
the temples with roses of the 
second, all within an orle of clouds 
ppr. Mercer's Company of Lon- 

25 Ar. an Orle of three pieces sa. 

26 Ar. a Frett bretessed, espined, or 

crossed sa. 

27 Diaper, or Diapre. Quarterly diaper, 

in the first quarter a mullet or. 
De Vere 

28 Az. three cross baskets in pale ar. 

betw. a prime in chief and an iron 
in base on the dexter, and a cutting 
knife in chief and an outsticker in 
base on the sinister of the second. 
Basket Maker's Company 

29 Az. a Golden Fleece 

30 Or, a Buffalo's head cabossed sa. 

attired ar. through the nostrils an 
annulet of the last, ducally crowned 
gu., the attires passing through the 
crown. Mecklenburg 

31 Ar. a Bull's head cabossed ar. armed 

or. betw. two wings of the last. 



C X LlMn D-l 

P C Br-Lkf, i.'c 


PLATE 22 fContinued.J 

32 Az. Two slaughter axes endorsed in 
saltire ar. handled or, betw. three 
Bull's heads couped of the second, 
armed of the third, viz.: two in 
fesse, and one in base, on a chief 
ar. a boar's head couped gu. betw. 
two block-brushes vert. Butcher's 

Az. on a chev. ar. betw. three Staff- 
Tree leaves slipped or, as many 
Bees volant ppr. Leaf 

Az. Three Tierce's or. borne by 
Bourburg and Bernbing. This 
bearing is Blazoned in Blomfield's 
His. of Nor., vol. II., p. 469, as 
sa. three Trimelles or, for the 
family of Warner 

35 Ar. three Viures nebulee, counter- 

nebulee invected gu, 

36 Plaisse, or Plaissa 

37 Lattice, Trellise, or Treille 




38 Portcullised 

39 Barry paly in prospect ar. and 


40 Vert, a fess Cuppa ar. and erminois, 

betw. three narcissus flowers of 
the second. White 

41 Quarterly, or and az. four lozenges 

conjoined in cross throughout betw. 
a mullet in the ist and 4th quarters 
and an annulet in the 2nd and 3rd 
quarters all counterchanged. Pea- 

42 Per-fesse paly of six or and gu. 

counterchanged on a fesse of the 
last three roses ar. Martineau 

43 Ar. a fesse betw. three moles sa, 


44 Ar. Two Crows sa. pendent on an 

arrow fesseways ppr. Murdock 

45 Ar. Three Furisons az. Steel 


PLATE 23. 

I A Tower, on the sinister side, avant 


2 Castle triple towered 

3 breached, or ruined 

4 Triangular Castle with three towers 

5 Four square Castle in perspective, 

also blazoned a Castle with four 
towers placed two in fesse and 
two in pale 

6 Castle with four towers, also termed 

square Castle, and a Quadran- 
gular Castle with four towers 

7 also termed a Port between two 


8 A Tower; and a Tower breached, 

or ruined 

9 Tower with scaling-ladder raised 

against it in bend 
lo triple-towered 

II triple-towered chain transverse 

12 domed ; and a Tower inflamed, 

or flammant 

13 Castle triple-towered, port displayed 

of the field 

14 Citadel, also blazoned a wall turret- 

ed with two towers 

15 Arch on three degrees with folding 

doors open 

16 Triple-towered gate, double leaved 

17 Embattlements farsoned; and the 

Turrets, or Embattlements of a 

18 Arch; and double arch 

ig Bridge of three Arches, with a fane, 
the streams transfluent 

20 Or on a Bridge of three Arches gu. 

over as many streams transfluent 
ppr. a tower of the second, there- 
on a fane ar. 

21 Gu. three pears or, on a chief ar. a 

demi-lion issuant sa. armed and 
and langued of the first. The 
Chief surmounted of another 
wdth the arms of the order of St. 
John of Jerusalem viz, gu. a 
cross ar. The Armorial Bearings 
of Major Sir Herbert C. Perrott, 
Bart., Chevalier of Justice of the 
said order 

22 A College 

23 Steeple of a Church 

24 Church 

25 Chapel 

26 Antique Temple 

27 Ruins of an Old Abbe}^, or Monastery 

with ivy and standing on a piece 
of ground 

28 Gu. a chief ar. on the lower part a 

cloud, the rays of the sun issu- 
ing therefrom ppr. 

29 The Sun with clouds, distilling 

drops of rain 

30 Rays issuing from dexter chief point 

3 1 TheSun rising, or issuant from clouds. 

The badge of Prince Napoleon 
before he v/as Emperor of 
France; "The Sun rising from 
clouds with the motto Emergo" 

32 Sun 

33 Az. The Sun in Splendour or. 

34 Sun in Splendour, each ray illumi- 

nated, or inflamed 

35 Sun in Splendour, charged with an 


36 Increscent circled ; and a Decrescent 


37 Moon illuminated, or in her compli- 

ment, and a Moon in her Detri- 
ment, or Eclipse 

38 Crescent ; Increscent ; and a De- 


39 Estoile, issuing out of a Crescent 

40 Four Crescents fretted 

41 Three Crescents interlaced 

42 Estoile, or Etoile 

43 Star of six-points ; and an Estoile 

of eight points 

44 Star of eight-points ; and an Estoile 

of sixteen-points 

45 Blazing Star; or Comet, between the 

astronomical symbol of Venus 
as borne by Thoyts. and Uranus- 
radiated as in the arms of Her- 
schel. Mars ^ by Wimble and 



C\V Klvta D<:1 

PC Bakrr S, 





PLATE 24. 

1 Imperial Crown 

2 Coronet of the Prince of Wales 

3 Younger sons of Her Majesty 

4 Princess Royal and younger Sisters 

5 Nephews of the Blood Royal 

6 The Garter 

7 Collar, Star and Badge of the Order 

of the Garter 

8 Helmet of the Sovereign 
g Helmet of the Nobility 

10 Mitre of the Bishop of Durham- 

1 1 Helmet of a Baronet and Knight 

12 Helmet of an Esquire 

13 Mural Crown with three embattle- 


14 Mural Crown with four embattle- 


15 Mitre ofthex^rchbishops and Bishops 

except the Bishop of Durham 

16 Naval Crown 

17 Vallary Crown 

18 Collar, Star, and Badge of the 

Order of the Thistle 

19 Jewel of the Order of the Garter 

20 Jewel of the Order of St. Patrick 

21 Collar, Star, and Badge of the 

Order of St. Patrick 

22 Star of a Knight's Commander of 

the Bath. K.C.B. 

23 Jewel of the Order of the Thistle 

24 Order of the Indian Empire, insti- 

tuted ist Jan., 1878, revoked 2nd 
Aug., 1886 

25 Order of Victoria and Albert 

26 Collar, Star, and Badge of the Order 

of the Bath 

27 Collar, Star, and Badge of the Star 

of India 

28 Civil Badge of the Bath 

29 Collar of S.S. 

30 Order of the Crown of India 

31 Collar, Star, and Badge of St. 

Michael and St. George 

32 Eastern Crown 

33 Celestial Crown 

34 Triumphal Crown, or Wreath 

35 Ducal Coronet, or Crest Coronet of 

three leaves 

36 Ducal, or Crest Coronet of five 


37 Palisado Coronet 

38 Crown of Edward I. 

39 Civic Crown, or Chaplet of Oak 

40 Olive Crown 

41 Chaplet 

42 Coronet of a Duke 

43 ,, Marquis 

44 Earl 

45 ,, Viscount 

46 ,, Baron 


PLATE 25. 


Crown of Charlemagne, was borne 
by five Kings of England as Arch- 
treasures of the Holy Roman 
Empire. See p. 31. f. g, and 10 

A White Rose the Badge of the 
House of York 

The Rose and Thistle conjoined. 
Badge of James I. 

A Red Rose the Badge of the House 
of Lancaster 

Crown of the Elector of the Holy 
Roman Empire 

Planta genista, 

Badge of the Plan- 

7 Badge of Staunton 

8 Badge of Napoleon 

9 Badge of Plantagenet also repre- 

sented as No. 6 
Gold Medal and Ribbon for Trafalgar 
Victoria Cross. " Red ribbon if 

worn by a soldier, and by a blue 

ribbon if worn by a sailor " 
Medal and Ribbon for Waterloo 
Badge and Ribbon, Companion of 

the Bath. C.B. 
14 Star of the Military Knights Grand 

Cross of the Bath. G.C.B. 
Collar, Badge and Star of the Royal 

Hanoverian Guelphic Order. 

Star, Knights Commanders of the 

Order of St. Michael, and St. 

George. K.C.M.G. 
ly Badge and Ribbon Companion of 

St. Michael, and St. 







18 Badge and Ribbon for the 

Crimea, with Clasp for Alma and 
Balaklava, the same medal and 
ribbon is also given with Clasps 
or small Bars, for Inkerman, and 

1 9 The Badge of the Order of the 

Dooranee Empire 

20 Medal or Badge for India, Clasps 

for Central India and Lucknow ; 
the same medal and ribbon is also 
borne with Clasps for Relief of 
Lucknow, Defence of Lucknow, 
and Delhi 

21 Badge of Ogle 

22 Badge an ostrich feather erm. quilled 

or. John of Gaunt 

23 Badge of John Beaufort Duke of 

Somerset. Ostrich feather white, 
the pen compony ar. and az. 

24 Badge of John Duke of Bedford, 

brother to Henry V. A golden 

25 Hanoverian Crown 

26 Badge of Meux. Two wings inverted 

and endorsed ar. conjoined by a 
cord with tassels or. 

27 A Damask Rose with leaves and 

thorns, at the bottom of the stalk 
a beetle all ppr. Crest of Thorn- 

28 Badge of Daubeney. Two bats 

wings endorsed sa. tied by a cord 
tasselled or. 

29 Crown of Scotland 



CX EUL-a.Da 

PCBakfr Sc 


PLATE 25^ 

2 " 


C/V EUin.DU 

rc /jo/:r; s. 


PLATE 25. A. 

1 The Label of His Royal Highness 

Prince Albert Victor of Wales 

2 The Label of His Royal Highness 

Prince George of Wales 

3 The Albert Medal for Saving Life 

at Sea 

4 The Albert Medal for Saving Life 

on Land 

5 Ensign of the Royal Navy 

6 Ensign of the Naval Reserve 

7 Badge and Riband of the Sun and 

Lion of Persia 

8 Badge and Riband of the Roj-al 

Portuguese IVIilitary Order of the 
Tower and Sword 

9 Helmet with Contoise, or Quintise, 

with Wreath and Crest an Eagle 
with wings elevated and endorsed. 
Crest of Maher 
The Most Eminent Order of the 
Indian Empire 

10 The Collar, Star, and Badge of The 

First Class, or Knights Grand 

11 The Riband and Badge, and Star 

of The Second Class, or Knights 

12 The Badge of The Third Class, or 


13 Crown of Prussia 

14 Crown of Austria 

15 The American Shield and Eagle, 

The Badge of the United States 

16 Naval Medal. Ribbon White with 

Blue edges. Medal. Obverse : 
The Head of the Queen wearing 
a diadem, with the words "Victoria 
Regina." Reverse. In waves of 
the sea, a sea-horse with Britannia . 

seated thereon, holding a trident 

in her right hand, and an olive 
branch in her left. A great num- 
ber of clasps were issued with this 
medal. Amongst the principal 
naval engagements for which this 
medal was issued were ; Algiers, 
Camperdown, Copenhagen, Na- 
varino, Battle of the Nile, St. 
Vincent, etc. 
17 Medal for Eg3'-pt. 1S82. Ribbon 
Blue with two white stripes. 
Medal, obverse, Oueen's head 
with diadem and draped. The 
inscription " Victoria Regina et 
Imperatrix." Reverse, a sphinx, 
the word "Egypt" above and the 
date 1882 underneath. Clasps 
for Tel-el- Kebir. The same medal 
with clasp inscribed "Alexandria, 
nth July" was granted to the 
Navy. The same medal without 
the date 1882 on the reverse, with 
clasps for Suakin 1884., El-Teb., 
Tamaai., Nile 1884-5., Abu Klea., 
Kirbekan., Suakin 1885., Tofrek 
granted to those in possession of 
the Egypt 1882, or Suakin 18S4 
medal. This Medal also granted 
for services on the Upper Nile in 


18 Prince 
ig Due 

20 Marquis 

21 Comte 

22 Viscomte 

23 Baron 


24 A Bison. Crest of Fitzjaraes 


PLATE 26. 







1 1 











Lion Rampant 

Rampant double queued 

Ramp, tail forked 

Ramp, tail nowed 


Defamed, Defame, or Infamed 


- Coward, or Cone 

Double, or Don-headed 

Rampant reguardant 

Rampant guardant 

Bicorporated, or conjoined 

Ramp. Collared and Chained 


Addorsed, or Endorsed 



Sejant Contourne 



Ramp. Guard, debruised by a 

Ramp, jessant and debruised 
fret ways 


Passant Reguardant 

Head Erased 

Naissant from a Fesse 

The Crest of the Sovereign of 

The Crest of Scotland 
Lion Issuant from a Chief 















Lion's Head couped 

Demi ramp, gorged with a ducal 

Jessant and debruised with two 

- Issuant et Issuant and reversant 

Demi ramp, guard, crowntd 
with a mural Coronet 

Passant Guardant 


Antique Ramp. 

Antique Head Erased 


Statant tail extended 


Sejant dexter paw raised 

Sejant guardant affrontee 

Sejant extendant in full aspect 




Statant winged 


Full-fac<id, or affrontee 

of St. Mark 

Lion Dragon 

Lion with human face 




PLATE 26. 

C MA'lvi/i Ji, I 




C A' D.^inDtl. 



PLATE 27. 

1 Griffin passant 

2 Griffin Segreant 

3 Griffin Sejant 

4 Demi Griffin Segreant 

5 Griffin's head erased 

6 Male Griffin 

7 Hippogriff passant 

8 Opinicus statant 

9 Amphisbeme, or Amphister winged 

10 Basilisk 

1 1 Wyvern, or Wivern 

12 Wyvern-tailed nowed 

13 Wyvern sans wings 

14 Wyvern sans legs 

15 Cockatrice 

16 Cockatrice displayed 

17 Cockatrice's head, wings endorsed 


1 8 Cockatrice's head couped between 

two wings 
ig Dragon statant 

20 Demi Dragon ramp. 

21 Dragon's head and wings couped 

22 Two demi dragons interlaced 

23 Dragon sans wings and legs 

24 Dragon with two heads vomiting 

fire at both ends. Crest of Maule 

25 Wyvern's head couped 

26 Horse forcene 

27 Arms of the City of London 

28 Elephant statant 





Dragon's head couped 

Horse passant 

Horse spancelled 

Elephant's head erased 

Elephant and Castle 

Horse's head erased 

Horse's head couped and bridled 

Unicorn passant 

Demi Unicorn 

Unicorn's head erased and gorged 

with a Ducal-coronet 
Unicorn's head couped 
Pegasus passant 
Demi Pegasus 



Ass's head couped 


47 Dromedary 

48 Camel 

49 Bagwyn 

50 Camelopard 

51 Rhinoceros 

52 Salamander 

53 Badger 

54 Manticora, or Man 

55 Porcupine 

56 Enfield 
^j Musimon 



PLATE 28. 

1 Leopard statant guardant 

2 Head erased affrontee 

3 Head ppr. erased gu. 

4 Face 

5 Face jessant-de-Hs. (sometimes 

blazoned a Leopard's head 
swallowing a fleur-de-lis) 

6 Face jessant-de-lis reversed 

7 Panther rampant incensed 

8 Heraldic Wolf passant, (sometimes 

g Wolf passant 

10 sejant reguardant 

11 head erased 

12 head erased emitting flames 

13 Tiger 

14 and Mirror 

15 L^mx 

16 Hydra 

17 Lizard (there is another kind of 

lizard see p. 39 f. 24) 

1 8 Ounce 

19 Heraldic Tiger passant 

20 Heraldic Tiger's head couped 

21 Ibex passant 

22 Antelope passant 

23 Heraldic Antelope passant 

24 Heraldic Antelope's head erased 

25 Genet 
Cat a mountain sejant 
Cat a mountain saliant 
Civet Cat 

30 Calf passant 


or a flying bull wings 
over the head a circle 

of glory 

Bull's head erased 

head cabossed 


Reindeer's head cabossed 




42 Kangaroo 

43 Stag Tripping 

44 at Gaze 

45 springing 

46 courant 

47 lodged 

48 browsing, or feeding 

49 Stag's head erased 

50 Stag's head couped and gorged with 

a ducal coronet 

51 Attires of a stag affixed to the scalp ; 

and Attire 

52 Stag's head cabossed 

53 Two hinds counter-tripping 

54 Out of a mural crown a hind's head 
5^ A Hart cumbant, or lodged reguard- 
ant upon a hill in a park paled 

56 Ram passant 

57 Ram's head erased 
^S Ram's head cabossed 

59 Goat passant 

60 Goat's head erased 


PLATE 28. 

C. If. Elviri-.Del. 

L. Cully. Sc. 


PLATE 29. 




XXXV 11 

PLATE 29. 

1 Indian, or Assyrian Goat, passant 

2 Indian Goat's head couped 

3 Trogodice's head erased. Lambard 

4 Holy, or Paschal Lamb 

5 Hare in full course. See Courant 

6 Hare sejant playing upon the bag- 

pipes. Fitz-Ercald 

7 Calopus, or Chatloup pass, quarterly 

or. and sa. horned of the last. 

8 'Fox courant 
g Fox saliant 

10 Two Foxes counter-saliant 

1 1 Foxe's head erased 

12 Alant statant 

13 Talbot statant 

14 Demi Talbot, ramp. ar. eared gu., 

gorged with a ducal coronet or. 

15 Talbot sejant, collared and lined 

16 Talbot's head erased 

17 Bloodhound on scent 

18 Bloodhound statant 
ig Rabbit 

20 Greyhound courant 

21 Greyhound sejant 

22 Greyhound's head erased 

23 Spring-Bok statant 

24 Bull Dog statant 

25 Mastaff 

26 Beagle courant 

27 Spaniel sejant 

28 Pointer 

2g Newfoundland dog 

30 Dog-sleeping. Robertson 

31 Boar courant 

32 Boar's head couped 
Boar's head erased 

33 head erect and erased. Loftus 

34 Boar's head erect in a cup 

35 head erased in a dish 

36 head and neck couped 

37 Bear pass, muzzled and chained 

38 Bear sejant 

3g Demi Bear ramp. 

40 Bear's head erased 

41 Bear's Gamb erased 

42 Bear and ragged-staff 

43 Squirrel sejant holding a nut 

44 Two Squirrels sejant addorsed 

45 Lion's Gamb erect and erased or. 


46 Lion's Gamb holding a laurel branch 

fructed ppr. Flint 

47 Two Lion's Gambs sa. supporting a 

Crescent ar. Leche 

48 Two Lion's Gambs in saltire gu. 

4g Beaver 

50 Beaver's tail 

Lion's Tail. Three lions' tails erect, 
erased borne by the family of 

51 Seal 

52 Seal's-paw 

53 Otter's head couped 

54 Otter 

55 Sea-Horse 

56 Sea-Dog 

57 Monkey, or Ape admiring himself in 

a mirror ppr. also blazoned a 
monke}' sejant enceppe admiring 
himself in a looking-glass 

58 Monkey passant 

59 Sea-Monkey 

60 Winged-Monkey, or Ape Winged 


PLATE 30. 










Sphinx couchant with wings 

Sphinx couchant sans wings 

Bat, or Rere-mouse 


Snail, or House Snail 

7 Cheese-slip, or wood-louse ; Ant ; 

and Asker 

8 Grasshopper 
g Cameleon 

10 Toad 

11 Hedge-hog 

12 Guinea-pig; and Rat 






18 War, Weir, or Man-Wolfe 

1 9 Bee 

20 Bee -hive wnth Bees diversely volant 

21 Gad Bee, or Fly 

22 Harvest Fly 

23 Butterfly, or Fly 

24 Palmer, or Palm-worm 

25 Serpent nowed, nodee, or fretted in 

the form of a knot 

Bowed debruised and counter- 
embowed debruised 

tail erect, embowed, debruised 

targent the tail wreathed. 
Torqued erect in pale, or erect 

head and tail elevated and bowed 

nowed reversed 

wreathed tail embowed debruis- 
ed. Tail erect and torqued 

gliding tail embowed. Reguard- 
ant tail embowed. Reversed 
head reguardant and tail em- 

bov/ed embowed, or enwrapped 

embowed debruised torqued. 
Reguardant, recurvant, reverted 
the tail embowed. Reversed 
boAved, debruised and embowed 

embowed, debruised, tail re- 
versed. Head reversed, reguard- 
ant tail embowed 

36 double nowed 






















37 Serpent reversed embowed 
his tail, head to sinister 

embowed biting his tail, 
to sinister 

embowed biting his tail, 
to dexter 

embowed head debruised 

bowed knotted, debruised 

or snake coiled, intortant, 
wreathed, or wound inwards 

stopping his ear with his tail 

Trochleated, or enwrapped 
round in the form of a screw, 
the head elevated 

bpwed-embowed debruised v/ith 
the head 


gliding, or waved in fesse 

bowed embowed, the head de- 
bruised, or bowed debruised the 
tail surmounting 

49 bowed embowed, encircled, en- 

wrapped, involved, or voluted 

50 bowed with the tail elevated 

51 two embowed, endorsed and 

fretted, or two fretted, tail 
^2 three embowed and fretted, in 

53 extended, gliding, or creeping 

also termed a Boa-Serpent. 
Enarched with head at both 

54 interlaced respecting each other 

55 Torqued erect, crowned, devour- 

ing an infant 

56 Caduceus, or Mercury's Mace also 

termed Snaky-Staff 

57 Rod of Esculapius 

58 Serpent torqued, fretted with a long 

cross, or a cross environed, en- 
wrapped, or entwined with a 
Serpent ; sometimes blazoned 
the Cross of Christ supporting 
the Brazen-Serpent 

59 Three arrows one in pale and two 

in saltier points downwards, 
entwined by a Serpent ppr. 

60 Serpent nowed in pale 


PLATE 30. 

U B L I C 

CN.Elnn, Bel. 

L. Cully. Sc, 



C I //,/.. /;. 



PLATE 31. 

1 IIouss OF Normandy : William I., 

1066. William II., 1087. Henry I., 
1 100 

2 Stephen, 1135. The shield is also 

described as Gu. three Sagittarii 
reguardant in pale or. 

3 House of Plantagenet: Hen. II., 

1154. Richard I., 1 189. John, iigg. 
Hen. III., 1216. Edw. I., 1272. 
Edw. II., 1307 

(The same for Edw. III., until 
1340. After this date as No. 4.) 

4 Edward III., 1327. Richard II., 1377 

4 House of Lancaster : Hen. IV., 


5 Henry V., 1413. Henry VI., 1422 

5 House of York : Edw. IV., 1461. 
Edw. v., proclaimed King 1483, 
never crowned. Richard HI., 1483 

5 House OF Tudor : Hen. VII., 1485. 

Hen. VIII., 1509. Edw. VI., 1547. 
Mary I., 1553. Elizabeth, 1558 

6 House of Stuart: James I., 1603. 

Charles I., 1625. (Commonwealth 
declared May ig, 1649, Ensign No. 
29). Charles II., 1660. James II., 

7 William HI. and Mary II., 1689 

8 Anne, 1702, as No. 6, before the 

Union with Scotland. After the 
Union, May i, 1707, as No. 8 

9 House of Hanover (Guelph) Geo. 

I., 1714. Geo. II., 1727. The same 
for Geo. HI., until Jan. i, i8oi, 
after this date as No. 10 

10 George HI., 1760 

The Escutcheon en surtout is en- 
signed with the Electoral bonnet ; 
but since June 8, 1816, when the 
Electorate of Hanover was elevated 
to the rank of a Kingdom, the 
Hanoverian regal crown as P. 25, 
f. 25 was substituted for the Elec- 
torate bonnet. George IV., 1820. 
William IV., 1830 

11 Victoria, 1837 

12 Badge of Ulster. The Baronet's 


13 Badge of Nova-Scotia, or Scotch 


14 Badge and ribbon of the Distin- 

guished Service Order. The 
ribbon is red, edged blue 

15 Scalp of a hare, ears erect ppr. 

Crest of Dymock 

16 A Drinking-cup or, with three fleur- 

de-lis of the same issuing therefrom, 
and charged with a rose gu. This 
is also termed a flower-pot. Crest 
of Croker 

17 Bull's scalp or., horned ar. Crest 

of Cheney 

18 A nest of young ravens ppr. Crest 

of Drummond, Knevet, etc. 
ig Out of a well or., a vine and two 
columbine branches ppr. Goldwell 

20 A Cornish chough hatching in the 

face of a rock ppr. Cornwall 

21 A Lion's gamb. erased erect gu. 

supporting a shield or. Watts 

22 A Bull's leg, embowed couped at the 

thigh erm. hoof upwards. Vachell 

23 An Ox's foot couped sa. Delafield 

24 A cup or., inflamed ppr. Lucas 

25 A Dove reguardant with olive branch 

all ppr. Crest of Wiggett, of Guist 

26 Ar. a Lion ramp, sa., Queve Re- 

nowned, i.e. the tail raised over 
the head. Buxton 

27 Two Doves billing, or respecting 

ppr. Couran 

28 A Tun or., issuing from the bung- 

hole five roses of the same, stalked 
and leaved ppr. Cervington 

29 The Banner of the Commonwealth 

containing the Cross of St. George 
for England. St. Andrew's Cross 
for Scotland, and the Harp for 
Ireland, with the Arms of Crom- 
well Sur-le-tout, viz. : sa. a Lion 
ramp. ar. 

30 Sa. three swords in pile, points down- 

wards ar. hilted and pommelled 
or. Paulet 

31 Gu. three swords in pairle pommels 

conjoined in fesse point ar. This 
may be blazoned gu. three swords 
conjoined at the pommels in centre 
their points extended to the corners 
of the Escutcheon. Stapleton 

32 Az. three swords one in fesse point 

to the dexter, surmounted of the 
other two in saltire points upwards 
ar. Ewart 

33 Gu. three swords barwise in pale. 


PLATE 31 C Continued J. 

their points towards the dexter, 
hilted and pommelled or. Chute 

34 Gu. three swords barwise in pale, 

points to the sinister hilts and 
pommels or, Rawlyns 

35 Sa. three swords paleways ar. two 

with their points in base, and the 
middle one in chief. Rawlings. 
At p. g, f. 21. Az. three swords, 
one in pale point upwards, sur- 
mounted of the other two in saltire 
points downwards ar., hilts and 
pommels or, Norton, of Toft wood, 
E. Dereham, Norfolk, and Ricking- 
hall, Suffolk 

Ar. a dexter hand erased fesseways 
gu., holding a dagger point down- 
wards az. in chief three crescents 
sa. M'Clure 

Gu. issuing from the dexter side of 
the shield a cubit sinister arm 
vested az., cuffed or, in the hand 




a cross-crosslet fitchee in 



pale of the third. O'Donell 
Ar. an arm sinister in bend issuing 
from dexter chief point gu. Corn- 
Or. a dexter arm issuing from the 
sinister fesse point out of clouds 

ppr. in the hand a cross crosslet 
iitchee in pale az. Mac Donnell 

40 Az. an armed arm embowed or, 

issuing from the sinister, holding 
in the hand ppr. a rose gu. stalkeci 
and leaved vert, Chambre 

41 Gu, a balance betw. three garbs or., 

on a chief barry wavy of four ar. 
and az., an arm embowed vested 
of the first cuff gold, issuing from 
clouds affixed to the upper part of 
the centre of the chief of the third, 
radiated of the second, betw. two 
anchors, also of the second. T;ie 
Bakers' Company 

42 The Shield of the Duke of Abercorn. 

Quarterly ist and 4th gu., three 
cinquefoils pierced erm. for Hamil- 
ton. 2nd and 3rd, ar. a lymphad 
with sails furled and oars sa. for 
Earls of Arran. En surcoat an 
inescutcheon az. charged with three 
fleur-de-lis or, surmounted by a 
French ducal coronet, for tlie 
Duchy of Chatelherault. See also 
term Entoured 

43 Tiie Decoration of the Royal Red 






PLATE 32. 


1 Dolphin Naiant embowed 

2 Dolphin Hauriant 

3 Whale Hauriant 
Whale's head erased and erect 
Conger eel's head erased and erect 

ingulphant of a cross crosslet 
fitchee, or a conger eels head 
erased and erect, the jaw pierced 
with a cross-crosslet fitchy 

6 Pike, or Luce hauriant also termed 


7 Demi Luce ; or Pike's Head couped 

8 Turbot naiant 

g Tail of a Turbot erect, or Demi 
Turbot tail erect 

10 Buttfish, a. Sole naiant 

11 Flounder also termed a Fluke, and 


12 Gurnet, or Gurnard; Diving or 


13 Herring, Cob-Fish, or Sea-Cob 


14 Tench naiant 

15 Bream naiant 

16 Two Fish counter-naiant 

17 Mackerel hauriant 

18 Salmon hauriant 
ig Trout naiant 

20 Plaice naiant 

21 Brill naiant 

22 Cod naiant 

23 Whiting naiant 

24 Loach naiant 

25 Three Fish Interchangeably posed. 

See Teste a la Queve 

26 Three Salmons fretted 

27 The Watermans Company, London. 

Barry wavy of six ar, and az. on 
the middle bar a boat or, on a 
chief of the second Two oars in 
Saltire of the third betw. two 
cushions of the first, tasselled or. 

Crest a dexter hand holding an 

oar or. Supporters Two Dolpliius 

az. finned or. 
28 Two Barbels respecting naiant 
2g Two Carp hauriant addorsed, or 


30 Roach naiant 

31 Perch naiant 

32 Sturgeon naiant 

33 Gudgeon naiant 

34 Smelt, or Sparling hauriant. 

a. Chub hauriant 

35 Haddock hauriant 

36 Hake hauriant 

37 Pilchard hauriant. (a) Burbot hau- 


38 Mullet hauriant 

3g Minnow hauriant. (a) Tubb-Fish 

40 Sprat naiant. (a) shrimp 

41 Eel, naiant. (a) Conger Eel naiant 

b. Lampre}', naiant 

42 Sardine naiant. (a) Gra3'ling naiant 

43 Ling's head erased and erect 

44 Dog Fish naiant. a. Brit naiant 

also termed a Bret 

45 Chabot hauriant 

46 Flying Fish 

47 Stockfish 

48 The Fish of Mogul, per pale or and 

vert, banded of the last and gu. 
surmounting a shaft in pale and 
the Goog and Ullum in Saltire or, 
4g Sea-Urchin 

50 Cuttle, or Ink-Fish 

51 Shark naiant 

52 Crab 

53 Scorpion 

54 W^elk 

55 Star-Fish 

56 Lobster' s-claws in Saltire 

57 Lobster 


PLATE 33. 

1 Eagle, sometimes termed an eagle 


2 wings expanded, also termed 

eagle wings overture, elevated 

3 rising, or an eagle wings ex- 

panded and inverted, also eagle 
wings overture 

4 reguardent 

5 displayed 

6 displayed with two heads, also 

termed a spread eagle 

7 displayed wings inverted 

S demi displayed with two heads, 

or demi spread eagle 
g displayed, sans legs 

10 wings surgeant-tergiant 

1 1 mantling 

12 preying, or trussing 

13 wings endorsed and inverted 

14 degenerate at gaze aloft, wings 

surgiant, holding up the left foot 

15 displayed foreshortened 

i6 volant recursant, descending in 
bend sinister, wings overture 

17 volant recursant descendant in 
pale wings overture 

i<S displayed recursant, or tergiant 

19 perched 

20 Eagle's head erased 

21 leg reversed, or Eagle's talon 

reversed, and an Eagle's leg 
erased at the thigh, termed 
A la quise 
leg erased at the thigh conjoined 






a smister wmg 

legcouped at the thigh conjoined 
to a plume of Ostrich's feathers 

The French Imperial Eagle 


Sinister wing, or a demi vol, and 
two wings endorsed 

27 Wings conjoined in base 

28 Wings conjoined in lure, or wings 


29 An Eagle's head couped betw. two 


30 Allerion 

31 Falcon close 

32 Falcon wings endorsed and Inverted 

33 Falcon wings expanded and dis- 


34 Falcon's leg erased at the thigh, 

belled, jessed and varvelled. 
Also termed a Falcon's leg a la 
quise, or Cuisse, etc. 

35 Falcon's head erased 

36 Vulture 

37 Pelican 

38 Pelican in her nest, or in her piety 

39 Pelican's head erased and vulning 

40 Ostrich 

41 Ostrich's head couped betw. two 

ostrich wings 

42 Dove with Olive-branch 

43 Goldfinch 

44 Robin 

45 Woodpecker 

46 Cock Phesant 

47 Partridge 

48 Avocet 

49 Bulfinch 

50 Starling 

51 Sparrow 

52 Raven, or Corbie 

53 Crow, or Rook 

54 Chough, or Cornish chough 

55 Lapwing, Pewit, or Terwhitt 

56 Bustard 

57 Lark, or Sky-lark 

58 Kingfisher 

59 Razor-bill 

60 Kite 








L.Cidiv sr 


PLATE 34. 

1 Cock, or Dunghill Cock 

2 Game Cock 

3 Turkey Cock in his Pride 

4 Peacock in his Pride 

5 Peacock Close 

6 Bird of Paradise 

7 Heron 

8 Crane 

9 Stork 

10 Ibis 

1 1 Emeu 

12 Bittern 

13 Sea Gull 

14 Coot 

15 Sheldrake 

16 Curly Headed Diver 

17 Sea Pie, or Oyster Catcher 

18 Teal 

ig Barnacle Goose 

20 Gannet, or Solon Goose 

21 Muscovy Duck 

22 Drake, Duck, or Mallard 

23 Shoveller 

24 Didapper 

25 Swan, rousant 

26 Swan in a Loch 

27 Swan, Close 

28 Demi Swan wings expanded 

29 Swan's head erased 

30 Goose 

31 Curlew 

32 Auk 

33 Smew, or White Nun 

34 Cormorant 

35 Penguin 

36 A Morfex, "on a wreath ar and b. a 

Morfex argent bekyd sa. therin a 
Cele in p'pur coler." Crest granted 
to the Town of Newark upon Trent 
CO. Notts 8th Dec, 1561 

37 Ring-Dove 

38 Nuthatch on a nut branch 

39 Wood Pigeon 

40 Magpie 

41 Heath-Cock, or ]\Ioor-Cock 

42 Grouse, or Moorfowl 

43 Heraldic Bird 

44 Blackbird, or Merle 

45 Thrush 

46 Jay 

47 Canary 

58 Woodcock 

49 Plover 

50 Snipe 

51 Wren 

52 Nightingale 

53 Jackdaw 

54 Chaffinch 

55 Owl 

56 Horned Owl, or Eared Owl 

57 Parrot, or Popinjay 

58 Parrakeet 

59 Martlet 

60 Martlet Volant ; and Cannet 


PLATE 35. 

1 Virgin and Child 

2 King in his robes of State sitting in 

a chair 

3 Bishop 

4 Prester-John 

5 Lady Abbess 

6 Female figure naked with flowing 

hair. Crest of ElHs 

7 Figure of Justice 

8 Figure of Hope 

9 Man in Armour, holding in dexter 

hand a sword in pale 
ID Demi-Man in armour ppr. garnished 
or, his lielmet surmounted by a 
plume of Ostrich feathers az. in 
his dexter hand a halbert in pale 
ppr. Crest of Morse 

11 Neptune, or Triton 

12 Mermaid 

13 The Golden Sceptre 

14. Septre and Dove. Emblem of Peace 

15 Tilting-Spear 

16 IMantle. vid. Robe and Mantle in 


17 St. Edwards-Staff 

18 Sceptre of Queen Mary 

19 Sceptre 

20 Mace of Majesty 

21 Sceptre, or Mace of the Lord Mayor 

of London 

22 Mace with Shield of St. George, 

imperially crowned 

23 Tilting Spear with cronel, or Joust- 


24 Savage, or wild man, with spiked 

club over his Shoulder 

25 Demi-Savage with club over the 


26 Savage, or Woodman Ambulant, in 

the dexter hand a club resting on 
the shoulder, in the sinister hand a 
Shield ar. charged with a Cros gu. 

27 Roman Soldier in Armour, on his 

head a helmet with three feathers, 
holding in his dexter hand a Shield 
thereon a female head, in the 
sinister a spear 

28 A Moor, or Blackamoor wreathed 

about the temples, habited in short 
garments, and in buskins, adornetl 
about the waist and shoulders with 
feathers, holding in dexter hand 
a string-bow; over the dexter 
shoulder a sash with quiver of 
arrows suspended at the sinister 

29 Figure of Time 

30 Harpy 

31 Harpy with wings expanded and 


32 Demi Harpy erased displayed 

33 St. John's head in a charger 

34 Death's head in a cup 

35 Skeleton human 



C iV lMn.DeL 














B.Riiwt.a nd.'^oriSz 


PLATE 36. 

1 A dexter hand apaumee couped at 

the wrist, and a dexter hand 

2 A dexter hand couped in fesse, and 

two hands conjoined in fesse, also 
blazoned a dexter and sinister hand 
couped at the wrist clasped. 
Le Strange 

3 A hand holding a Clarionet. Fell 

4 A hand couped in fesse holding a 

sword in pale supporting on the 
point a Garland all ppr. Tipper 

5 A hand in bend sinister holding a 

Curling-stone. Bidwell 

6 A sinister hand holding a Bow in 

bend. Grimsby 

7 An arm embowed in hand a purse, 

or a naked dexter arm embowed 
in the hand a purse all ppr. Baker 

8 A dexter and sinister hand couped 

supporting a sword in pale ppr. 

9 A cubit arm erect vested az. cuffed 

ar. charged with an acorn or, the 
hand grasping a fern sapling of 
New Zealand. Rhodes 

10 A cubit arm habited sa. cuffed ar. 

shirt sleeve turned down and frilled 
of the last holding in the hand a 
roll of Parchment ppr. Kellet 

1 1 An arm embowed vested per pale 

vert and gu. cuffed erm. holding 
in the hand a spear ppr. Ffolkes 

12 An arm embowed resting on the 

elbow vested gu. cuff indented 
(Vandyked) ar. holding in the 
hand a Lizard ppr. Macarthy 

13 A cubit arm vested or cuffed and 

slashed (or puffed) ar. hand ppr. 
holding a scimitar imbued gu. 
hilt and pommel gold. Quincy 

14 A hand couped ppr. holding a Fan 

displayed or. Fanmaker's Com- 

15 A arm in armour gauntleted, grasp- 

ing a broken tilting spear all ppr. 

16 An arm in armour embowed holding 

in the hand ppr. a Baton or, ends 
sa. Way. 

17 Two arms in armour embowed and 

fretted, or two arms embowed in 
armour fretted salterways, in tlie 
dexter hand a scimitar and in the 
sinister hand a heart all ppr. 

18 Two arms dexter and sinister em- 

bowed vested ar. holding in the 
hands a scalp ppr. inside gu. 
ig An arm in armour couped embowed 
resting on the elbow ppr. Sash tied 
at the shoulder gu. and in the hand 
a Spiked club of the first. Bult 

20 An arm in armour counter embowed 

ppr. couped below the wrist, the 
hand dropping, therein a spear 
sa. Daunscourt 

21 An Arm in Mail armour counter- 

embowed holding in the hand ppr. 
a Spiked club or. Bathurst 

22 A leg in armour ppr. couped at the 

thigh gu. kneecap and spear or. 

23 A human leg erased at the thigh ppr. 

Rain, and a demi leg couped 

24 A leg couped at the thigh, erased at 

the ancle ppr. pierced through the 
calf with a coulter sa. and a Foot 

25 A man's leg couped at the thigh 

in armour ppr. garnished and 
spurred or, embowed at the knee, 
the foot upwards, the toe pointing 
to the dexter. Haddon 

26 Three legs in armour conjoined in 

the fesse point ppr. spurred and 
garnished or. See Triquetra 

27 On a wreath of the colours, on a 

horse in full gallop ar. bridled sa. 
and with mantling gu. semee of 
escutcheon's or, each charged with 
a lion ramp, of the third ; a cheva- 
lier armed cap-a-pie ; on liis helmet 
his crest viz. a demi lion ramp, 
gu., in his right hand a sword ppr., 
on his sinister arm, a shield charged 
as the escutcheons. Crest of Duff 

28 Three arms embowed conjoined in 

the fesse point ppr. habited az. 


PLATE 36 (Continued.) 

2g A cubit arm erect habited az. charged 
with a bezant, cuff indented ar. in 
the hand a pen ppr. Aldridge 

30 A Nun's head, face and neck ppr. 

with a white fall and dress. 

31 A Demi Friar, or Hermit in profile, 

vested and having a cowl or hood 

32 A Dead man's head, or Skeleton's 

head couped ppr. holding in his 
mouth a candle or, flammant at 
both ends ppr. Bolney 

33 Minervas Head ppr. Leighton 

34 A Man's head affrontee ppr. Frost 

35 A Man's head affrontee erased at 

the neck 

36 A Man's Bust, or a man's head 

affrontee couped below the should- 

37 A Man's head in profile couped below 

shoulders, or a Bust in profile 

38 A Man's head in profile couped at 

the neck 

39 A Man's head affrontee couped below 

the shoulders and ducally crowned 

40 Janus's head 

41 Three heads conjoined in the neck 

one looking to the dexter one to 
the sinister and one upwards. 

42 Moor's or Negroes Head in profile 

couped at the neck 

43 A Negresses head affrontee couped 

below the shoulders, with pendants 
at ears all ppr. Amo 

44 Three mens' heads conjoined in one 

neck, one looking to the dexter, 
one affrontee, and one looking to 
the sinister 

45 A Man's head in profile couped at 

the Shoulders ppr. on his head an 
Infular cap barry ar. and sa. 

46 A Whittals Head 

47 Man's head in profile with Ass's ears 

couped at the neck also termed 
Satyrs head and Midas head 

48 Man's head in profile with dragons 

wings couped at the neck, called 
Satans or Fiend's head 

49 A Child's head enwrapped round the 

neck with a Snake. Vaughan 

50 Savages head couped at the neck in 

profile distilling blood ppr. Eding- 

51 A Spear in pale enfiled with a 

savage's head couped at the neck 
ppr. Cotton 

52 A Cherub, or. Overand 

53 A Cherubim 

54 1 

55 ^See Angel in Dictionary 

56 J 

^^ Seraph, or Seraphim ppr. Carruthers 

BEACON, &c. 


L. Cully, Sc. 


PLATE 37. 



1 Beacon-fired 

2 Fire-Beacon, also termed Rack-pole- 


3 Fire- Chest 

4 Chamber-piece fired and a Cannon 

5 A musket. Cannon mounted in per- 


6 A Culvering, or Culverin. Ship gun 
carriage with ordnance mounted 

A Gabion, and Scaling-ladder 
Chain Shot, and Chain-Shot as borne 
by Clifford 
9 Bar-Shot ; a pistol ; and Spar-Shot 
lo Ball fired in four places. Two Gre- 
nades, or Bomb-Shells ; and a 
Caltrap, also termed Cheval-Trap, 
or Galtrap 
Tilting Spear broken ; and Spear- 
head imbrued 
Battering-ram; and Mortar mounted 
Quiver filled with arrows. An arrow 
Pheon mounted on a staff and fea- 
thered, or a Pheon shafted and 
feathered, also termed an arrow 




Pheon engrailed on the outer side 


17 Broad-arrow 

1 8 Two Archers, String, or Long-Bows 

bent, and a Bird bolt with three 
ig A Sheaf of arrows 

20 Five arrows, two and two paralled 

in saltire, and one in pale 

21 Five arrows banded 

22 Half-spear ; a spear ; a javelin'; and 

three Bird-bolts 

23 Arbaleste, or Cross-bow bent 

24 BovvT with arrow drawn to the head, 

or Long-bow fully bent 

25 Battle axes 

26 Lochabar-axes 

27 Pole-axe ; and Danish axe 

28 Broad axe, and Lochabar-axe 




Axe, or Hatchet 

Danish Hatchets 

Halbert and Demi-Halbert, or Cur- 

Two Cronels of a Tilting spear 

33 Crampit, or Crampette, Boteroll, or 


34 ]\Iatch-lock 

35 An Annulet ; and two annulets con- 

joined in fesse 

36 Three annulets conjoined, or inter- 

laced, also termed Gimble-Rings 

37 Portcullis 

38 Balista, or Swepe 

39 Fetlock 

40 Three Fetlocks interlaced 

41 Annulet, staffed, or staved flort, or 


42 Shackle, or Link ; and a Gem-ring, 

also termed annulet stoned 

43 A Cross of thimder 

44 Thunderbolt, also termed Jupiter's 


45 Nail; a Horse shoe; and Passion- 


46 Three Horse-shoes interlaced 

47 Spur-rowel ; a Scotch spur ; Spur- 

rowel blemished ; and Mullet ; and 
INIullet pierced 

48 Spur, leathered 

49 Saddle 

50 Saddle with stirrups and leathers 

51 Pack-saddle 

52 Stirrup and leather 

53 Boss of a Bit, and a Snaffle bit 

54 jNIanage-Bit 

55 Hames 

56 Barnacles extended, and Barnacles 


57 A Curry-comb between Yokes. Two 

specimens of yokes, or ox-yokes 

58 Quintain 

59 Quintal _ 

60 Match kindled, i.e. fired 


PLATE 38.x 

1 Morion's 

2 Morion 

3 Morion's, the bottom one as borne 

by Blake 

4 Basnet, or Basinet, or morion cap 

as in the Crest of Cecil. Mercury's 
Cap, or Petasus 

5 Burgonet 

6 Burgonet 

7 Cuirass 

8 Brigandine, or Habergon 

9 Gorget ; and a Brasset, or Vambrace 

10 Helmet with vizor raised 

1 1 Dexter and Sinister Close-gauntlets 

12 Chamfrain, or armour for head of 

a horse 

13 Armour for the Body 

14 Greave 

15 Boot sa. spurred or, turned over 

Erm. or a Boot sa. top turned over 
Erm, spurred or. 

16 Tabard 

17 Gauntlet closed; and an open Gaunt- 


18 Demi leg in armour 

19 A sword; a sword waved, or wavy 

and a Falchion 

20 Two Seax 

21 Swords Flamant, or Flaming 

22 Cimeter, or Scymetar ; and Seax 

23 Dagger ; and broken sword 

24 The Curtana, or SAvord of Mercy ; 

and Sword of Estate 

25 Galley, or Lymphad 

26 Lymphad, also termed ship 

27 An ancient ship with oars, three 

masts, sails furled, colours flying. 
Crest of Lusk 

28 Lymphad 

29 Lymphad, or ship with oars 

30 Lymphad 

31 Stem of a ship. Crest of Nelson 

32 Ship in full sail 

33 Ship sails furled 

34 Magnetic needle ; a Boat ; and 


35 Sail of a Ship ; and Round-top of a 


36 A Demi Hull ; and the Hull of a 

Ship having only one mast, round 
top and bowsprit or. The Crest 
of Masters and Mariners 

37 Coracle. See Dictionary 

38 Mast and Sail of a Ship flotantattop 

39 A Mast with a Sail hoisted, Crest 

of Tennant 

40 Two Rudders, or Helms 

41 An Anchor, and Anchor with cable 

42 Noah's Ark 

43 A Boatswain's Whistle ; and a Cross, 

or Fore-Staff 

44 Buoy with Cable, the Badge of 

Nevill, a Lead-line ; and a grap- 

45 Harpoon and Trident 

46 An Astrolabe 

47 Sextant, or Quadrant 

48 Sistrum 

49 Windmill 

50 Windmill-sails ; and a Mill-clack 

51 A Mill-stone charged with a Alill- 

rind. Mill or Water-wheel 

52 Mill-pick, between two Mill-bills, or 

picks, the one on Sinister side as 
borne in the Millers arms 

53 Mill'rind, or Fer-de^Mouline 

54 Two Fer-de-Moulines, at No. 53 

and No. 54 are seven different 
ways of depicting the Millrind, the 
first most frequently used 
5^ Crochet-hook, Fish- Weel ; and Fish- 

56 Fish-Weel with handle 

57 Weel, or Fish Weel 

58 Fish-Weel with handle 

59 Oyster-dredge 

60 Three examples of Eel>spears 


PLATE 3 8. 

^'. N.EI,vir)y. Del. 

Z.. Cullv.Sc. 





CN EL\in_n<:l 

P C.Bo.kcrS'c 


PLATE 39. 



1 Demi Globe, or Northern Hemis- 

phere thereon an Eagle wings ex- 

2 Globe Terrestrial in frame environed 

with a meridian 

3 Globe Terrestrial with stand envi- 

roned with a meridian 

4 Armillary sphere 

5 A Terrestrial and Celestial Globe 

6 A Broken, or fractured Globe under 

a Rainbow with Clouds at each 
end all ppr. Crest of Hope. Rain- 
bow. Globe Fractured 

7 Two Ploughs 

8 Plough paddle i. Harrow 2 

g Three triangular Harrows conjoined 

in fesse point with a ring 
10 Scythe, or Sithe i. Coulter 2. 
Scythe blade 3 
Rake I. Flail 2. Shepherd's-crook 3 
Tillage-rake head i and 3. Thatch- 
rake 2 

13 Mole-spade I. Sickles, or Reaping- 

hooks interlaced 2. Dibble 3 

14 Dung-fork i. Sickle with teeth, or 

Serrated 2. Pitch-fork 3 

15 Monogram T.W.N. E. 

16 Winnowing-basket, Shruttle, 

Scruttle, Fruttle, Fan, or Vane 
Basket with loaves, or a Basket full 
of Wastel cakes i. Basket as in 
the arms of Littlebury 2. Basket 
as in the arms of Wolston 3 ' 
Spade I. Spade irons 2 and 3. 

Half-spade 4 
Hay-Fork, or Shake-Fork 
A Brass. Heaume, or Bascinet i. 
Coif de mailles2. Ailettes3. Haw- 
berk 4. Surcoat 5. Polej^ns 6. 
Pryck spur 7. Chausses 8. Sir 
Roger de Trumpington, 1289 
Trumpington, Camb. 
Scoop I. Hay-hook, also termed a 

Horsepicker. 2. 
Pair of Scales i. Steelyard, or 
Statera Romana 2 






23 On a Saltire, or interlaced by two 

Amphisbaenae az. langued gu. a 
rose of the last barbed and seeded 
ppr. Crest of Gwilt 

24 Two scaly Lizards erect on their 

hind feet combatant ppr. each 
gorged with a plain collar or, the 
collars chained together, a chain 
with a ring at the end pendent 
between the two lizards of the last 

25 Lamp inflamed, borne by Tanner i. 

Antique Lamp as borne by the 
family of Leet 2. Lamp as in 
Berry's Heraldry 3 

26 Roman Lamp i. Hand, or Burning 

Lamp 2 

27 Taper Candlestick with Candle in- 

flamed I. Globular, or Ship's 
Lamp, also termed a Lantern 2. 
Taper Candlestick 3. 

28 Candlestick i and 3. Mortcours as 

in the armorial Bearings of the 
Wax-Chandlers Company 2 

29 Distillatory 

30 Still I. Limbeck, or Alembeck 2 

31 Cyphers A.D. Reversed 

32 Flaming Brazier 

33 Fiery-Furnace 

34 Well with frame and handle 

35 Bucket, or Well-bucket, also termed 

a hooped bucket i. Bucket 2 

36 Fire Bucket i. Cup 2. Dish 3 

37 Tun, Barrel, or Cask i, 

Tun 2 

38 Tun erect inflamed i. 

flamed 2 

39 Urn i. Salts, Salt-cellar, or Sprink- 

ling Salt 2 

40 Two examples of Turnpikes 

41 Turnpike i. Gate 2 

42 Goog I. Ullum 2. Punja 3 

43 Clock as borne by the Clock IXIakers' 


44 Sundial i. Hour-glass, or sand- 

glass 2 

45 Hour- 

Bolt and 

Altar in- 

-glass winged 

PLATE 40. 



1 Knitting-frame 

2 Shuttle, or Wheel Shuttle ; and 

Spindle threaded 

3 Fusil, or Spindle threaded ; a 

Bottom ; and Wharrow Spindle 

4 Trundle ; a Quill or Trundle ; and 

a Quill of Yarn 

5 Cotton hank ; a Silk hank ; some- 

times depicted as the third figure 

6 Silk-Thrower's Mill 

7 Stock-Card 
y Floats 

9 Preene ; and Empty Quill 

10 Wool-Card 

11 Hemp Break, or Hackle the Badge 

of Bray. Second figure is also a 
Hemp-Break borne by Bree 
Jersey-comb ; and Rope-hook 
Ancient Fusil ; and a Fusil 

15 Lozenge-Flory 

16 Rustre ; and a Mascle 

17 Seven Mascles conjoined, three, 

three, and one 

18 Four Mascles-fretted 

1 9 Wool Pack 

20 Wool-Pack corded 

21 Bale of Piedmont Silk 

of Madder 

22 A Window-grating. Badge of Sutton 

Baron Dudley 

23 Tassel ; and a Ball tasselled 

24 Cushion lozengy and tasselled 

25 Tent 

26 A Tent az. fringed and semee of 

stars or, ensigned with a pennon 
gu. Crest of Lindsey 

27 Tent 

28 Pavilion, or Tabernacle, also termed 

a Sperver 

29 Mantle, or Royal Cloak 

30 Parliament-Robe 

31 Manche, or Maunch 

32 Maunch, as borne in the arms of 

Lord Hastings 

and a Bag 

^^ Maunch ) 

'^ ivT 1 r antique 

34 Maunch ) ^ 

35 Maunch 

36 A hand clenched issuing from a 


37 Purse of State 

38 Purse stringed and tasselled 

39 Palmer's scrip, or Wallet 

40 Painter's Staff and Scrip 

41 Wallet open 

42 Powder-horn, or Flask 

43 Hatband Nowed ; and a Hatband 

44 Circular Hatband 

45 Stole 

46 Piece of Cloth 

47 Head of Hair, or Peruke 

48 Comb in a head of hair 

49 A Four-cornered and a three- 

cornered cap 

50 A Hat; and a Cap as borne by the 

name of Wingfield 
511 Cap as borne by De la Rous. 2 
born by Maundefield. 3 Infula, 
or Long Cap. 4 Cap borne by 
Drakenford. 5 as borne b}' Capper 

52 Hat worn over the arms of the 

States General ; and a Hat as in 
the arms of the Feltmakers' Com- 

53 Hat turned up and adorned witli 

three Ostrich feathers borne by 
the name of Balm. A Crown as 
borne in the arms of the Skinners 

54 Chapeau, or Cap of Maintenanc(i ; 

and a Cap, Copped, or Hat 
5^ Tiara, or Triple-Crown with clouds 
in base issuing ra3's, as borne in 
the arms of the Drapers Company 

56 Bonnet Electoral ; and State Cap 

of the Lord Mayor of London 

57 Crown of the King of Arms 

58 Cap as in the arms of Robinson 

59 The Popes Crown, or Tara 

60 Cardinal's Cap, or Hat 



r \ El^in DO 

PC Baler Sc- 



PLATE 41. 











I'lii'ii m. 

























C.KElvirv. DeZ. 

L . Cully. Sc. 


PLATE 41. 

1 Two Soldering irons ; and Pincers 

2 Curriers' Shaves 

3 Two examples of the Grose 

4 Wolf-trap ; a Point ; and Burling- 


5 Fleames 

6 A Cramp; and Two Cramps in Saltire 

7 Cutting iron ; and two examples of 

Glazier's nippers 

8 Hanger 

9 Hanger sometimes depicted as this 

10 A Flesh-hook ; a Kettle-hook ; a 

Triangle iron ; and a Flesh-hook 

11 Two Gridirons 

12 Bellows ; and a Peel, or Bakers- 


13 Trivet 

14 Triangle Trivet 

15 Patten; and a Trussel, or Trestle 
i6-Flesh-Pot ; and a Caldron 

17 Penner and Ink-horn 

18 Another example of a Penner and 

ig Plumbers cutting Knife ; Plumbers 
triangular Soldering iron, or Shave- 
hook ; and Slaughter axe 

20 Butcher's Knife; a Shredding Knife; 

and a Knife 

21 Brick axe ; and Brickla3'er's axe 

22 A Forest, or Wood Bill ; a War- 

Bill ; and Pruning Knife 

23 A Square ; and Closing Tongs 

24 A File, between two Tenter-hooks 

25 Hand and Sledge hammer 

26 Plasterer's and Lathing hammer 

27 A Hammer ducally crowned ; and 

a hammer with claws 

28 Hammer with claws ; and a Ham- 


29 Pavier's Picks 

30 Chisel ; a Pickaxe ; and Trowel 

31 A Nail; Compasses; a closing nail ; 

and Passion nail 

32 Awl ; a Wimble or Winepiercer ; 

and adze 

33 Beetle ; Mallet, and in the centre a 

Stone-mason's Mallet 

34 Auger ; a Saw ; and Butteris 

. 35 Frame Saw as in the Arms of the 
Fanmaker's Company The other 
as borne by the name of Hamilton 

36 A Shaving iron ; and a Plane 

37 Anvils 

38 Level with plummet ; and a Level 


39 Level with plummet ; a Plummet ; 

and a Level 

40 A Perpendiculum 

41 Book'oinder's polishing iron ; a fold- 

ing stick ; and a Rule, or Yard- 

42 A Cone ; a Treble-Flat-Brush ; and 

a Wedge, or Peg 

43 A Turret ; and Shears 

44 Broches ; a Merillion ; and Broches 
45 Four examples of Habicks 

46 Brick-Kiln 

47 Fire-brand ; a Torch ; and Hy- 


48 A Club ; a Spiked Club ; and an 


49 Angles interlaced 

50 Pestle and ^Nlortar 

51 Coach 

52 A Wagon 

53 Cart-Wheel 

54 Catherine Wheel 

55 A Sling charged with a Stone 

56 A Sling 

57 A Staff-raguly couped at each end ; 

and a Staff-raguly couped and 

58 Bundle of Laths ; and a Fagot 

59 A Trailing-pike, or Leading-Staff; 

a Stilt, and a Phval 

60 Foot-Ball 


PLATE 42. 

1 A Heart ; and a Hart vulned 

2 Heart pierced ; a Heart entiled with 

ducal coronet 

3 Heart flamant ; a Heart ensigned 

and transfixed 

4 A Dexter, hand erect betw. two 

stalks of Wheat flexed in Saltire, 
issuing from a heart all ppr. in the 
hand a book shut sa. garnished 
or. Crest of Higginson 

5 Heart winged 

6 Heart betw. two wings 

7 A Key ensigned ; and a Key enfiled 

8 A Key ; and a Key with double 


9 Two Keys in Saltire 

10 Two Keys endorsed bows interlaced 

1 1 Cross of Keys double claved 

12 Two Keys endorsed in bend Sinister 

bows interlaced with a Sword in- 
terposed in bend 

13 Two Padlocks and a Door Lock 

14 A Staple ; a Door joint ; Hinge ; 

Two Staples interlaced ; and a 
door Bolt 

15 A Demi belt erased "j 

betw. four buckles g^^ Buckle 

16 Half-belt and four , 

buckles j 

17 A Garter 

iS Demi-Garter, or Perclose 
ig Bottle Leathern 

20 to 24 Water Bougets. See Dic- 

25 A Covered Cup 

26 Chalice ; and a Cup, or Goblet 

27 Ewer's or Laver-Pots 

28 Tailors bodkin ; and a Sledge 

29 Penny-yard pence or penny ; An 

Iron Ring. A Peg Top ; and Star- 

30 Pentagon 

31 AChainenarched ; a circular chain; 

and Circular chain within another 

32 Slav, Slea, or Reed ; and a playing 


33 Copper cake ; a Point ; and Draw- 


34 A Delf; a Billet, and a Billet wavy; 

and a Flagstone 

35 A Gad ; and a triangular Gad ; this 

is also termed a Demi lozenge, 
it is also blazoned a Steel Gad 

36 Copper ; and Engrossing-block 

37 Mound 

38 Triangular Fret . 

39 Swivels, or Manacles 

40 Shackbolt ; and Double Shackbolt, 

alsb termed Handcuffs 

41 Rosary ; a Patermoster ; and 

Scourge with three lashes 

42 Escallop ; Escallop reversed ; and a 


43 Pilgrims Staffs. The first one is 

sometimes called a Pike-staff 

44 Palmer's Stalls 

45 A Priors Staff as in the arms of 

Malton Priory ; and a Crosier 

46 A Pastoral Staif. A Crosier-Case, 

and a Pastoral Staff with Ban- 
derole, or Orarium 

47 Two Sceptres in Saltire traversed 

by a Sword in Pale point upwards 

48 Papal Staff 

49 Block-Brush ; and a Broom, or 


50 Trepan ; and Spatula 

51 Scalpel or Lancet; and a Bistoury 

52 Fanged Tooth; a Jaw-bone; and 


53 Tomb-stone 

54 Tomb-stone arraswise 

55 Fountain of two basins 

56 Rock or Mountain 

57 ]\Iountain enflamed. Crest of Grant 

58 Three Hills, as in the arms of 


59 Islands 

60 Calamine-Stone; a ]\Iole-hill, Hil- 

lock, or Mount ; and a Flint-stone 


PLATE 42. 

C.X jLlvin.JJfl. 

L. Cicllv. Sc. 

KNOTS &c. 

PLATE 43, 





PLATE 43. 

1 Cornucopia 

2 Obsidional Crown, or Garland 

3 Crown of Thorns 

4 Crown Graminee, or Chaplet of 


5 Crown Olive, Olive Chaplet, or 

Civic Wreath 

6 Fasces, or Roman-Fasces 

7 Dacres Knot. Badge of Dacre an 

escallop and staff raguly both ar. 
connected by a Dacre Knot 

8 Bowen's Knot. No. 2. Anne of 


9 Harrington, or Love Knot. No. 2. 

Stafford Knot 

10 Bourchier's Knot. No. 2. Wakes 

and Ormond Knot 

1 1 Lacy Knot 

12 Hungerford Knot. Badge a golden 

sickle and garb connected by a 
Hungerford Knot 

13 A Coil of flax, as in the Crest of 

Washbourne, and the Heneage 

14 True Lover's Knot. No. 2. A Wed- 

ding favour as in arms of Latter 
13 A Fetterlock or. to which is at- 
tached a rope gu. encircling a 
fishes tail erect ppr. having a peg 
at the other end gold. Badge of 

16 Lure, or Leure 

17 Hawk's, or Falcon's bell, and 

Hawk's bell with jesses 

18 Hawk's or Falcon's rests, or perches 

19 Harp 

20 Three organ pipes enfiled with a 

laurel branch. Crest of Delapipe 

21 Jew's Harp, No. i. Pipe, No. 2. 

Lyre, No. 3. Cornet, No.. 4. 

22 Trumpets 

23 Hautboy, No. i. Horn, No. 2. 

Flute, No. 3. Trumpet, No. 4. 

24 Bugle -horn ; or Hunting Horn 


25 Fiddle, or Violin ; a Treble Violin, 

Violoncello, or Treble Violent 

26 Drum and Drum sticks 

27 Clarion, Rest, or Sufflue 

28 The same. No. i. Most commonly 


29 Bell, or Church Bell 

30 Belfry 

31 Book, or Bible closed 

32 Book open with seven seals 

33 Map, or Chart. The Crest of Holton 

34 Mirror, No. i. Breast distilling 

drops of milk, No. 2, Eye, No. 3 

35 Bonfire; and Extinguisher 

36 Fascine; and Park pales 

37 Ostrich Feather 

38 A Plume of Ostrich Feathers 

39 A Double Plume 

40 Triple Plume 

41 A Panache, or Upright plume of 


42 A Panache of Peacock feathers 

43 Wrestling Collar ; and a Dog's 


44 Falconer's, or Hawking Glove, 

and a Falconer's glove pendent 

45 Circular wreath ar. and sa. with 

four hawk's bells joined thereto in 
quadrature or. borne by Jocel3'n. 
An Oval Wreath 

46 Three ingots of Gold, palewise 
' fretted with another in bend. 

Borne by the name of Wilson 
Dice charged with an Ace; and a 
Dice witii six spots in front, three 
on the sinister side, and two on 
the top. Mathias 

47 Gonfanon, or Gonfalone 

48 A banner displayed bendwaj's ar. 

therein a canton az. charged with 
a saltire of the first, as in the arms 
of Bannerman 

49 Chess-rooks. No. 3. The most 


50 Pillar, or Column (Doric.) Ducally 

crowned. No. i. Column (Ionic) 
enveloped with a Snake. No, 2 

51 A Broken Column. A Column 

(Corinthian) vv'inged, or a Winged 

52 Dove-cot, or Dove-house. The one 

on the dexter if without vane, is 
sometimes blazoned a Castle 

53 Canop}', or Stall of Gothic work 

54 Gardehras, or Garbraille 

55 Weather-cock, or Vane. Badge of 


56 A man s heart gu. within two 

equilateral triangles interlaced sa. 
Also blazoned a double Delta. 
Borne in the arms of Villages 

57 Escarbuncle, or Carbuncle 

58 The Shield of Pallas 

59 Pair of Couples. As borne by Lord 


60 Pyramid 


PLATE 44. 

1 Rose Heraldic 

2 Rose Branch 

3 Garden Rose stalked and leaved 

4 Rose and Thistle conjoined 

5 Thistle slipped and leaved 

6 A Lily ; and a Lily stalked and 


7 Fleur-de-lis 

8 Double Fleur-de-lis 
g Fleur-de-lis seeded 

10 Fleur-de-lis of lilies 

1 1 Demi Fleur-de-lis is divided per- 

pale. A Fleur-de-lis couped 

12 Antique Fleur-de-lis 

13 Caterfoil double and pierced 

14 Trefoils No. i generally used. 2. 

Fitched. 3. Slipped raguled and 
couped. 4. Triple slipped. 5. 
Double slipped 

15 Trefoil double slipped raguled and 

couped ; and a Trefoil the stalk 
fixed fo a twig lying fessewa5's 

16 I. Quatrefoil, or Quaterfcil. 2. 

Slipped ; sometimes slipped as 
No. 3. No. 4 Cinquefoil 

17 I. Narcissus. 2. Cinquefoil pierced. 

No. 3. Angenim 

18 Eight -foil, or double Quatrefoil 

19 Blue-bottle, or Cyanus 

20 Gilly Flower ; and a Pink, or Car- 


21 Adders tongue; and a Tulip 

22 Mary gold 

23 Columbine; and a Pansy, or Heart's 


24 Violet stalked and. leaved 

25 Daisy stalked and leaved 

26 Margarette Daisy. Badge of Mar- 

garet consort of Hen. VL (From 














the Shrewsbury Missal, Brit. Mus,) 
Bramble, or Wild Rose 
French Mary gold 
Flower of the Flag 
Bell flowers, or Blue-bell 
Tobacco plant 
Grain tree 
Sugar cane 

Cherry Branch fructed 
Almond slip 
Date branch fructed 
Holly sprig, or Sprig of Ilex 
Laurel sprig; and Laurel branch 

Broom plant ; and Broom flower 

Bur of Burdock 

Ash, or Ashen Keys 
Fir branch 

Reeds ; and a Bull-rush 


Crequier Plant, or Wild-plum 
Oak slipped 
Oak branch 

Acorn ; and a Fir or Pine cone 
Nut or Hazel branch 
Pear ; a Pine Apple ; and Pear 

Apple ; a Pomegranate ; and Apple 

slipped pendant 
Mulberry, and a Gourd 
Pea-cod; a Turnip ; and Bean-cod, 

or pod 

ROSE &c. 

PLATE 44. 


JL. Cully, Sc. 


PLATE 45. 




PLATE 45. 




Teazel or Teasel 

Honeysuckle, or Woodbine 





Ivy ; and a 

7 Hop-Plant 

8 Vine-Branch 

9 Primrose stalked and leaved 

10 ]Myrtle branch with flower and buds 

11 Lotus flower 

12 A clove; and Poppy-bole 

13 Wheat Ear; Wheat stalk-bladed ; 

and a Barley ear 

14 Garb, or Wheat-Sheaf 

15 Garb of Barle}' 

16 Bladed ear of Wheat; a Garb of 

Quaterfoils ; and an Ear of Rye 

Laurel ; and Dock-leaf 
Oak leaf 

20 Bay leaf; and Portugal-laurel 

21 Elm leaf 

22 Mulberry leaf 

23 Holly leaf 

24 Maple leaf 

25 Fig leaf 

26 Burdock ; and Betony leaf 

27 Woodbine leaf pendant ; and Clover 

28 Nettle ; and Walnut leaf 

29 Rose leaf 

30 Aspen leaf 

31 Oak Tree fructed, and eradicated 

32 Ash 

33 Beech 

34 Birch 






35 Willow, or Salix 

36 Pollard Willow 

37 Linden, or Lime 

38 Walnut 

39 Pear Tree fructed 

40 Cherry 

41 Almond 

46 Asp 

47 Yew ; and Poplar 

48 Box ; and Cypress 

49 Mahogany 

50 Banyan 

5 1 Elm 

52 Date-Palm Tree 

53 Cocoa-Tree, anciently Coker-Tree 

54 Cotton Tree (as engraved in Burke's 

Heraldic Illustrations) 

55 Branch of Southernwood ; and 


56 Stem of a Tree erased and sprout- 

ing. A stock of a Tree snagged, 
and erased 
SJ Stock of a Tree Jacent, eradicated ; 
Stem of a Tree couped, eradicated 
and sprouting 

58 A starved, or Blighted tree couped, 

A starved, or Blighted branch. 
See Scrogs 

59 A Savin Tree. (From Burke's 

Heraldic Illustrations). A Burning 

60 Oak Trees on a Mount, also blazoned 

a Hurst, or Wood 


PLATE 46. 

1 Man and Wife ; Earon and Femn:e. 

The Husbands arms are quarterly, 
Impaling a single coat. 
Vv'hen a man marries a second 
wife the alliance can be shoAvn 
in three different ways. TlxC Fesse 
in the engraved examples shewing 
the position of the man's arms and 
the Numerals those of the wives. 
See term Marshalling 

2 Man and Two Wives ; No. 3, and 

No. 4 

5 ]\Ian and Three Wives 

6 Man and Four Wives 

7 ]\Ian and Five Wives 

8 Man and Six Wives 

9 A Widow 

When a Widow marries a second 
time, her husband impales her 
paternal arms. If a Peer marries 
an untitled lady and he die leaving 
lier a widow, and she marry for 
her second husband an untitled 
gentleman, there is an absurd 
fashion of bearing the Heraldic 
Insignia the same as if she was a 
Peeress in her own right 

10 Widow being an Heiress or Co- 


1 1 A Woman having had two husbands 

12 Pennon of Waleran de Bellomont 

Earl of Worcester, 11 44 

13 Gonfanon 

14 Pennon as in the Crest of the Duke 

of Wellington 
!5 Pennoncell's 
iG Triangular Pennon of Ralf Lord 

Neville, 1386 

17 Pennon 

18 Banner 

ig Pennon 

20 Standard of Hastings of Rising co. 


21 Guidon 

22 Pennon of De Quincej^ Earl of 

Winchester, who died 1219 

Funeral Achievements. 

Commonly called Hatchments. 
(See Funeral Achievements.) 
The engravings, except No. 33, are 
without the frames 

23 Bachelor 

24 Maid 

25 Husband dead, wife surviving 

26 Wife dead, Husband surviving 

27 Husband dead, wife an Heiress sur- 


28 Wife an Heiress dead. Husband 


29 Husband and first wife dead, second 


30 Both Wives dead, Husband sur- 


31 Widower 

32 Widow 

33 A Bishop, liis Wife dead 

Distinction of Houses. 

Marks of Cadency or of Filiation, 
also termed Brisures, are charges 
placed in the shield to express tiic 
differences of descent, e.g. The 
distinction of the eldest son of the 
second House is a crescent charged 
with a label. The eldest son of 
the third House, a mullet, charged 
with a label, etc. See also Plate 
16, f. 40 to 45, and P. 23a. f. 
I and 2. 


PLAT 46 

< A' El'< n /M 

PCBah.r S.. 








A, or a. Abbreviation for Argent. 
Capital Letters of the Alphabet are 
used as charges in Heraldry. See 

Aarons-Rod. a rod entwined with a 
Serpent. P. 30, f. 57. 

Abacot. An ancient cap of state of the 
English Kings. 

Abaisse, Abaise, or Abased. Equiva- 
lent to the term " in base" a Cheveron 
Abaisse. P. 15, f. 37. 

Abaised. a term applied to the wings 
of eagles w4ien the tips are depressed 
below the centre of the shield. 

Abatement. A mark of disgrace, never 
used. See Points. 

A'bouche. A Shield was said to be 
a bouche when it had a carved notch 
cut out, for the lance to pass through, 
in the dexter chief, as the shield. 
P. 31, f. 26. 

Abyss. The centre of an Escutcheon. 

Abbess. A Lady Abbess, as borne in 
the arms of Abbes. P. 35, f. 5. 

Abbey. See Monastery. 

Abblast, Arbaleste, Arblast, or Ar- 
balist; a Cross Bow. P. 37, f. 23. 

Abbot's Pastoral Staff or Prior's 
Staff. P. 42, f. 45. 

Abeyance. The expectancy of a 
title ; the right being in existance, 
but the exercise of it suspended. 
On the death of a baron, whose dignity orig- 
inated in a Writ of Summons, without issue 
male, the barony becomes vested in his 
daughters ; if he leaves an only daughter, 
she succeeds to the dignity, but if there be 
more daughters than one, the title falls into 
Abeyance amongst them, and continues in 
that state until all but one of the daughters, 
or the sole heir of only one daughter sur- 
vives ; in which case, the barony devolves on 
the surviving daughter, or on the heir of her 
body. The Crown can, however, at any 
time, terminate an Abeyance in favour of 
one of the heirs. 

Abisme. When the charge, which is 
between others, is depicted small, so 
as not to appear as the principal 

Aboute. Placed end to end, as four 
lozenges aboute. P. 8, f. 12. 

Abouti. Conjoined. 

Accidents of Arms. A term some- 
times met with which appears to 
mean nothing else in blazoning than 
the strictures and marks of difference. 

AccoLES. Two shields in juxta-po- 
sition. See Accollies. 

AccoLLE, Gorged, or Collared as 
P. 18 and ig, f. 21. 

AccoLLiES, or Accolee. a term used 
to express the position of two shields 
placed side by side and touching each 
other, and was an early mode of 
marshalling the arms of a man and 
his wife. 

xA.ccompagnee, Accompagne, or x^ccom- 
PANiED. See Between, and P. 4, f. 31. 

AccoRNE. See Horned. 

Accosted. Side by side. 

The sama as counter-tripping. P. 28, f. 49. 
This term is sometimes used when charges 
are j^laced on each side of another charge, 
but is better expressed by the term " be- 
tween." P. 14, f. 6. 

Accoutred. Same as Caparisoned. 


another. P. 39, f. 17 
AccRoupi. A term sometimes used for 

Hares, Rabbits, 6^c., when lodged. 
Accrued. A tree full-grown. 

Ace-Cards. The four ace-cards are 
borne in the arms of the Cardmakers 
Company. P. 22, f. 20. 

Achievements of Arms. The armoria^ 
bearings with all the exterior orna- 
ments of the Shield. P. 11, f. 21. 

One charge hooked into 



Acorn. The seed or fruit of the Oak. 
WhePx the husk is of a different colour, 
it must be named, as an Acorn naming 
the colour, husked and stalked of such 
a colour. P. 44, f. 54. 

Acorn. Slipped and leaved. P. 44, f. 52. 

AcoRNE. See Attired. 

AcoRNED, or Fructed. The Oak Tree 
so termed when represented with 
Acorns upon it. P. 45, f. 31. 

Acute angled, or beviled. P. i. 

Adam, or Naked Figure. P. 22, f. 7. 
Sec Term Man, 

Adder. An Adder obturant his ear, or 
stopping his ear v/ith his tail. P. 30, 

Adders-tongue. A olant whose seeds 
are produced on a spike resembling a 
serpent's tongue. P. 44, f. 21. 

Addice, Adze. A coopers tool. P. 44, 
f. 32. 

Additions of Honour. Honourable 
Augmentations (which see) granted 
by the Sovereign. 

Addorsed, or Addorsy. See Adorsed. 

Addosse. Same as Adorsed. 

Adentre. Accosted on the outer side. 

Adextre. i.e. on the dexter side. 

Adoption. Arms of. 

Are the arms of another family, borne either 
singular, or quartered with, those of the 
pa,ternal coat, e.g. If a jjerson by will, 
adoi^t a stranger to j)osseso his name p.,nd 
estates, the person so adopted, applies for a 
special warrant to the Sovereign, to empower 
him to carry out the will of the Ado2:)ter, and 
thereby assume his name and arms. If 
however the adopted, be of more noble blood 
and family than the adopter, he is not obliged 
to disuse his own name or arms but, in case 
he be of an inferior family, he is compelled 
to assume the name and arms of the adopter. 

Adorned. Decorated as a cap etc., 
ornamented with feathers etc. P. 40, 

Adorsed, Addorsed, Adorssed, 

Adorse, Adosse, or Adossed. All 
these terms are better expressed by 
the word Endorsed. 

These terms are all used by different writers 
to express the same thing, i.e when any 
two bearings are placed back to back. P. 26, 
f. 15; p. ^1, f. 29 ; p. 42, f. 10 and 12; p. 29, 
f. 44. 
Advancers. The top shoots from the 

attire of a stag. 
Adventail. a Coat of Arms. 
Adumbrated. An3^thing painted in 
shadow, properly termed In Relief, 
where the figures are always of the 
same colour with the ground, and 
thrown out by the shading. 

Adze. An instrument used by Coopers, 
Wheelwrights, etc. P. 44, f. 32. 

^gis. The shield of Pallas on the 
boss of which was the head of ]\Ie- 
dusa. P. 43, f. 58. 

^SCULAPIUS ROD OF. P. 30, f. 57. 
A rod entwined by a snake, which was the 
form assumed by Esculapius, the God of 
healing, when he was brought from Greece 
to Eome in a season of great sickness. 
African. See Moor. 
Afronte, Affrontee, Affronted, or 

Affrontant. When the head of a 

man, lion, etc., is represented fullface. 

P. 26, f. 50. 
Affronte-sejant. p. 26, f. 43. 
Agacella. The Gazelle, an elegantly 

formed species of Antelope. 
Agnus Dei. Holy, or Paschal Lamb. 

P. 29, f. 4. 
AiGLON, or Aiglette. a small eagle. 
Aiguise, Aiguisee, or Equise. The 

same as pointed. See Cross-Aiguise. 

P. 9, f. 45. 
Ailes. Wings. 
AiLETTS. Small escutcheons affixed to 

the shoulders of an armed Knight. 

P. 39, f. 20, No. 3. 
AiNENT. Running ; applied to beasts. 
Aisle. Winged. 
AjouRE. The same as voided, v^-hen 

a2-)plied to an}^ of the ordinaries, or 

parts of them, denoting that the field 

is seen through, as a Fesse crenellee 

ajoure of the field. P. 4, f. 16 ; 

p. 22, f. 9. 
Alaisee, or Alisee. Applied to an 

ordinary, when cut off, so as not to 

touch the sides of the shield ; the 

common and better term is Humettee. 

P. 4, f. I. 
Alant, Aland, or Alaunt. A sort of 

Mastiif. P. 29, f. 12. 
A-la-Quise, or Cuisse. A term ap- 
plied to an eaghi's leg erased at the 

thigh. P. 33, f. 21. 
Alberia. a plain white shield. 
Albert-Medal. See Medal. 
Albert. Prince Coronet of. P. 25a, 

f. 3 and 4. 
Alce. The Male Griffin. P. 27, f. 6. 
Alder. A Tree. P. 45, f. 45. 
Alembic, Alembick, Limbeck, or Still. 

A Utensil of the Distillery. P. 39, 

f. 30, No. 2 
Alferez. An ensign. 
Alice, or Alce. The Male Gr3^phon. 

P. 27, f. 6. 
Aliece, or Alaize. See Alaisee. 



Allegorical. The representation of 
anything conveyed by emblem, as 
the figure of Justice. P. 35, f. 7. 
Allerion, Alerion, or Allette. A 
fabulous bird represented without 
beak or legs. P. 33, f. 30. 
Alll\nce Arms of. Are those impaled 
or borne in an escutcheon of pretence 
to denote alliances formed by marri- 
age, and the arms taken by the issue 
of an Heiress or Coheiress quartered 
with those of their Father, thereby 
shewing their descent from a family 
of which the male line is extinct. 
P. 12, f. 21. 
Alligator. A carnivorous amphibious 

reptile. P. 30, f. i. 
Allocamelus, or Ass-Camel. P. 27, 

f. 46. 
Allumee. The eyes of beasts are so 
termed when depicted sparkling with 
Allusive Arms, or Armes Parlantes, 
and Canting Arms. Are very numer- 
ous in English armory, they contain 
charges hinting at the name, charac- 
ter, office or history of the original 
bearer, e.g. The arms of Dobell a 
Doe betw. three bells, of Colt three 
Colts of Shelly three shells, etc. 
See Rebus. 
Almond Slip. Borne by the name of 

Almond. P. 44, f. 37. 
Almond Tree. P. 45, f. 41. 
Alpaca, or Paco. Supposed to be a 
domesticated variety of the Guanaco. 
P. 28, f. 41. 
Alpe. a Bullfinch. A term used by 
Blomfield in his His. of Nor. in 
blazoning the arms of Alpe. P. 33, 
f. 49. 
i\LPHABET, Letters of the. -Capital 
letters are sometimes used as charges. 
See Letters. 
Altar. In heraldry, is always drawn 

inflamed. P. 39, f. 38, No. 2. 
Alternate, Alternately, or Alter- 
natively. One after the other. 
Alternating. Following by turns. As 
an Orle of fleur-de-lis and martlets 
alternating, i.e. four fleur-de-lis and 
four martlets alternately placed. 
Amaranthal Crown. A crown like a 
garland composed of leaves of the 
imaginary amaranth that never fades. 
See Garland. 
Ambulant. Walking. Ambulant-Co. 
Walking together. P. 35, f. 26. 

American Eagle, and the Stars and 

Stripes. P. 25a, f. 15. 
Amethyst. A precious stone. Used 

by some Heralds to denote purpure, 

when blazoning the arms of Peers. 
Ammenche, Ammanche, EiMANCHE, or 

Creneaux. See Crenellee. 
Amphibanes, or Amphibenes. P. 39, 

f- 23. 

On a Saltire or, interlaced by two Ampliis- 
bsenae az. langued gu. a rose of the last 
barbed and seeded ppr. Crest of Gwilt. 

Amphisbene, or Amphista. A beast 
with dragon's body and wings, the 
head of a serpent, and the tail ending 
with a like head. P. 27, f. 9. 

Amphisbona. a snake with a head at 
each extremity. (Burke's Landed 

Amphisien-Cockatrice. See Basilisk. 
P. 27, f. 10. 

i\NANAS. A Pine Apple. P. 44, f. 56, 

Anatomy of a Man. P. 35, f. 35. 

Anchor. The emblem of Hope, is 
always borne as in P. 38, f. 41, imless 
differentl}^ described. 
If a cable is attached to it, it is termed an 
anchor cabled, and the cable is depicted en- 
twined round it. f. 41. When the cross 
beam is of a different tincture, it is termed 
an anchor timbered of such a colour. When 
the barbed part, by which it takes hold of 
the ground, is of a different tincture from 
the other part, the anchor is said to be 
fluked, or flouked. 

Anchored, Anchry, Anckorry, An- 
CHREE, Ancree, or Ancred. Terms 
applied to Crosses whose extremities 
resemble the flukes of Anchors. P. 10, 
f. II. 

Ancient, or Anshent. A small flag, 
or streamer ending in a point. 

Ancree. See Anchored. 

And. a Roman, " &." is borne in the 
arms of And 

Andrew St. Order of. See Knight- 
hood Orders of. 

Andrew St. Cross of. Is a silver 
saltire on an azure field. P. 7, f. 21. 

Anelett. Sec Annulet. 

Angel. Variously represented in 
Heraldry. P. 36, f. 54, S5 and 56. 
An Angel wings expanded arms uplifted on 
the breast, the hands clasped as borne by the 
family of Crondice. An Angel kneeling 
wings expanded the hands in a praying po- 
sition, borne by Hodder, Hynell, etc. An 
angel volant pointing to heaven with the 
dexter hand, and to the base with the Sinister, 
from the mouth a scroll, thereon the letters 
G.I.E.D. signifying Gloria in Excelsis Deo. 

Angel's Head. See Cherub. 

Angemm, Angenne. See Angenin. 



Angenin. a flower of six leaves, al- 
ways borne pierced. P. 44, f. 17, 
No. 3. 

Angle. Acute or beviled, and rect- 
angled. P. 4, f. 28; P. 12, f. 20. 

Angle-hook. See Fish-hook. 

Angled-Quarter. Also called Nowy- 
square, or Nowy-quadrat. P. 14, f. 35 

Angles. Two interlaced saltirewise 
and having an annulet at each end. 
P. 41, f. 49. 

Angola Goat. See Goat. 

Anille. a fer-de-moline, or Mill-rind, 
to which refer. 

Animals. And parts of animals of al- 
most every species, are now to be 
met within armorial bearings. 
In blazoning the teetli, or claws of Lions, 
Tigers, Wolves and all ravenous beasts, are 
called their arms ; and when of a different 
tincture to the body must be named, and the 
animals are said to be armed of such a colour. 
This term "Armed" also applies to the 
horns of Bulls, Goats, &c. The tongue of all 
beasts, if not mentioned is to be gules ; ex- 
cept the animal itself is gules, then it must 
be azure ; and when the tongue has to be 
named, the animal is said to be "langued" 
e.g. a Lion gu., armed and langued az. But 
in blazoning Deer, altho' their horns are 
their weapons, they are said to be " Attired," 
and when the hoof of the Deer, Horse, Bull, 
Goat, etc., is of a different tincture it is 
termed " Unguled." See these Terms. 

An I ME. The same as Incensed. 

Anjon. a javelin the point of which 
resemble a fleur-de-lis. 

Annelet. Same as Annulet. 

Annet. a Sea Gull. P. 34, f. 13. 

Annodated. a term to express any- 
thing bent somewhat like an S ; as the 
serpents in the Caduceus of Mercury 
which may be said to be annodated 
and entwined about the staff. P. 30, 


Annulated, Annuly, or Annulety. 
Also termed a Cross ringed. P. 10, 

f- 35. 
Annulet. A ring. The emblem of 

strength. P. 37, f. 35. 

The Romans represented Liberty by it. 
Annulets conjoined in fesse. P. 37, 

f. 35. 
Annulets interlaced in triangle. P. 37, 

f. 36. 
Annulet stoned. P. 37, f. 42. 
Annulet staffed, or staved-flort, 

or flory. p. 37, f. 41. 
Annuletty. See Annulated and P. 

10, f. 35. 
ANOMALiES-HERALDic. Deviations from 

the general method, or analogy of the 


Anserated. See Cross Gringolee. 

P. ii,f. 36. 
Anshent, or Ancient. A small flag 

ending in a point 
Antarctic-Star, same as Estoile 
Ant, or Emmet. Emblematical of 

patience and forethought ; ahvays 

depicted as in P. 30, f. 7, unless 

differently named. 
Ante, or Ente. The same as Dove- 
Antelope. An animal of the Deer 

kind, with two straight horns. P. 

28, f. 22. 

The Heraldic Antelope is a fabulous animal, 

and is represented as having the body of a 

Stag ; the tail of a Unicorn ; a tusk issuing 

from the tip of the nose ; a row of tufts down 

the back of the neck, on the chest and thighs. 

Fig. 23. 
Anthoi^y St. Cross of. The same 

as a Cross Tau. P. g, f. 30. 
Antic, Antient, Antique. Ancient, 

as an antique lion. P. 26, f. 37. 

Antique Lion's Head, f. 38. Antique 

style of arms. P. 31, f. 11. 
Antique Temple. As borne in the 

arms of Temple. P. 23, f. 26. 
Antique Coronet or Crown. See 

Eastern Coronet, or Crov/n. P. 

24, f. 32. 
Antler. The branch of a stag's horn. 
Anvil. The iron block used by smiths. 

Two examples. P. 41, f. 37. 
Apaulmed, or Appalmed. See Apaumee. 
Apaumee, or appaumee. A hand open 

and extended ; showing the palm. 

P. 36, f. I. 
Apr, or Monkey. An animal Avell 

known for its sagacity. P. 29, f. 57. 

If said to be collared and lined, the collar is 

put round the loins, f. 58. 

Ape, or Winged Monkey. P. 29, f. 60. 
A Sea-Monkey, f. 59. 

Apex. The ridge on the top of a hel- 
met to which the crest was attached, 

Apple. Always drawn with a shot 
stalk as P. 44, f. 57. 

Apple Tree. P. 22, f. 7, 

Apple Stalked and Leaved, and an 
Apple Slipped Pendant. P. 44, f. ^']. 

Apple of Granada. The Pomegranate, 
P. 44, f. 57. 

Appointee Cross. 5^1? Cross Aiguise. 
P. 9, f. 45. 

Appointed. Armed, accoutred. 

Apres, or Apree. An animallike a 
Bull, with the tail of a bear. 

Aquilated. Adorned with eagles' 
heads ; in the same way a cross is a- 
dorned with serpents' heads. P. 1 1 , f. 36 


Aquisce, or Equise. A cross equise 
is couped, voided, and pointed. P. 8, 

f. 34- 
Ar. Contraction for Argent. 
Arbaleste, or Arbalist, A cross-bow. 

P. 37, f. 23. 
Arch. Borne Single, Double, and 

Treble, the latter is termed Tri- 

archee. P. 23, f. 18. 
Arch. On three degrees, with folding 

doors open. P. 23, f. 15. 
Arched. Bowed or bent in the form 

of an arch. See Enarched and P. 3, 

f. 30. 
Arched-double. Having two arches, 

or bends. P. 12, f. 38. 
Archbishop. The highest Order in 

the English Church. The Archbishop 

of Canterbury takes precedency next 

to the Princes of the Blood Royal. 
Archbishop's Mitre. P. 24, f. 15. 
Archee, or Archy. Same as Arched. 
Archee coronettee. The bend in the 

Arms of Saxony is sometimes so 

termed. P. 16, f. 40 and P. 18, f. 28. 
Archee treble, or tri-archee. Having 

three arches. 
Archer's-Bow. See Bow. 
Archy. An ordinary so termed when 

embowed. P. 15, f. 30. 
Arctic-Star. Same as Estoile. 
Argent. Silver. Usually painted 

white, one of the two metals ; when 

the shield is argent, it is shown in an 

engraving by being left plain. P. i. 

See Tinctures. 
Ark-Noah's. Is borne by several fami- 
lies. P. 38, f. 42. A Symbol of the 

Arm. Variously borne as a Charge, 

and also for Crest, always understood 

to be a dexter one, if not mentioned 

as sinister, and always erect if not 

stated to the contrary. 

A Cubit sinister arm issuing from the 

dexter side of the shield. P. 31, f. 37. 

An Arm sinister in bend. f. 38. 

An Arm counter-embow^ed. P. 36, 

f. 21. 

An Arm embowed issuing from the 

sinister side of the shield. P. 31, f. 40. 

A Cubit Arm. P. 36, f. 9, 10 and 13. 

A Cubit Arm in armour gauntleted. 

f. 15. 

Arm erect couped at the elbow, f. 10. 

Arm embowed. f. 7. 

Arm embowed vested, f. 11. 

Arm embowed in armour, f. 16. 

Arm embowed fesseways. f. 12 

and ig. 


Arm in Mail Armour counter-em- 
bowed, f. 21. 

Two Arms embowed. f. 18. 
Two Arms embowed and fretted, 
f. 17. 

Dexter and Sinister arm embowed. 
f. 18. 

Three Arms conjoined at the shoulders 
f. 28. 

For full blazon of Arms and Hands. See 
P. 36. 

Armed. A term applied to the horns, 
teeth, and tusks of beasts, also to the 
beaks and talons of birds, when of a 
different tincture to the body. 
Armed when applied to an arrow, 
refers to the head. 

Armed at all points. When a man is 
represented in complete armour. 
P. 36, f. 27. 

Armes-Parlantes, or Canting. See 
Allusive Arms. 

Armes pour enquirir. When contrary 
to the laws of blazon, and in which 
metal is placed upon metal, or colour 
upon colour. See Inquire Arms of. 

Armiger. An armour-bearer ; an 

Armillary-sphere. p. 39, f. 4. 

Armined. Ermined. 

Arming Buckles. Anciently used for 
fastening the armour, are in shape 
like a lozenge. P. 42, f. 15. See 

Arming-Doublet. A Surcoat. 

Armorial-Bearings, or Coat of Arms. 
Consists of the Shield and.its external 

Armorial Book-Plates. See Book- 

Armorie, or Armory. The Science 
which treats of Coat-Armour. Also 
a place where arms are kept. 

Armorist. a person skilled in the 
knowledge of Armorie. 

Armory. A List of names with the 
armorial bearings attached and 

Armory also defined as an " Art rightlj pre- 
scribing the true knowledge and use of 
Arms." Blome. 

Armour. Defensive clothing of metal. 

See Brassarts, Cuisses, Gauntlets 

Greaves, Vambraces, etc. 
Armour coat of. See Arms. 
Armour for a man's body. P. 35, f. 10. 

P. 38, f. 13. 
Armour for a horse's head. See 

Chaperon. P. 38, f. 12. 
Armourer. One who makes armour. 



Armourist. One skilled in the science 

of Coat-armour. 
Armoye. Charged with coats of Arms. 

See Lambrequin. 
Arms. Armorial-bearings, or Coat 
armour ; consists of the shield and 
its external ornaments. 
Arms of Adoption. See Adoption 

Arms of. 
Arms of Alliance. See Alliance 

Arms of. 
Arms of Assumption. Such as might 
be legally assumed by one who had 
made captive any gentleman of higher 
degree than himself. 
Arms of Augmentation. See Aug- 
Arms of a Bachelor. Are simply the 
paternal coat, unless his mother was 
an Heiress, or Co-Heiress ; then he 
quarters her arms with the paternal 
coat. P. 8, f. 21. 
Arms Baron and Femme. The arms 
of a man and his wife. See Arms 
Arms of a Baron. Are distinguished 
by the coronet. See P. i8, f. 21. 
See also term " Robe " and " Coro- 
Arms of a Baronet. Contain the arms 
of Ulster, placed in the most conve- 
nient part of the shield. See Baronet, 
Arms of a Bishop. See Arms of 

Office and P. 17, f. 21. 
Arms Canting, or Punning Arms. 

See Arms Parlantes. 
Arms of Community ; those of Bishop- 
rics, Cities, Universities, Corporate- 
bodies, etc. 
Arms of a Commoner and Lady. 
When a commoner marries a lady of 
quality, he impales her arms with his 
own, and also places the lad3''s arms 
in a separate shield by the side of the 
former. If a Peeress in her own 
right, the husband bear her arms in 
an escutcheon of pretence, and also 
places her arms by the side of his 
own, as shown at P. 20, f. 21. 
If the lady becomes a widow, she bears her 
own arms as above, and those of her husband, 
with her own, in a lozenge, omitting the 

Arms of Concession. Augmentations 
granted by the Sovereign, of part of 
his regalia; e.g. Hen. VIII. granted 
to Thomas Manners, whom he created 
Earl of Rutland, on account of being 
descended from a sister of Edw. IV. 

The Concession of wearing the Royal 
Arms upon a Chief. See Augmen- 
Arms Dimidiated. It was an ancient 
custom when impaling arms, to cut 
off a portion of either coat so impaled ; 
but this being liable to cause great 
confusion, in fact entirely to destroy 
the bearing, it has long since ceased 
to be used in English Heraldry, except 
in the case of a coat with a bordure, 
when the bordure is always dimidi- 
ated. P. 13, f. 43. 

The arms of the Borough of Gt. Yarmouth 
CO. Nor. are Dimidiated. See P. 22, f. 18. 
Arms of Dominion. Those wliich 
belong to Sovereigns, Princes, and 
Arms of a Duke ; known by the Coro- 
net. P. 21, f. 21. See term Robe 
Arms of a Earl ; known by the Coro- 
net. P. ig, f. 21. 
Arms of England. See Arms Royal, 

and P. 31, f. I to II. 
Arms Feudal. Those annexed to 
dignified Fees, Dukedoms, Marqui- 
sates, Earldoms, etc. 
Arms of an Heiress, or Co-Heiress. 
The paternal coat borne in a lozenge. 
If married they are borne on an 
escutcheon of Pretence, placed in 
the centre of the husband's shield. 
P. II, f. 21. P. 20, f. 21. 
Arms Historical; such as are given 
to commemorate any great warlike 
achievements, or diplomatic services. 
Arms-Impaled. A term to express the 
arms of a man and his wife, called 
Baron and Femme. The Shield is 
divided by a perpendicular line. 
The Husbands arms are placed on 
the dexter side and the wiles on the 
sinister as P. 10, f. 21, and P. 46, f. i. 
The arms of office are impaled in the same 
way. See Arms of Office. 
Arms of a Knight Bachelor. Are 
borne in a Shield surmounted by a 
Knight's Helmet. P. 13, f, 21. 
Arms of A Knight OF ANY Order. Con- 
sist of his paternal coat in a shield 
surrounded with the insignia of the 
Order of which he is a Knight ; and, 
if married, the arms of his wife must 
be placed in a distinct shield impaled 
with his own, as P. 16, f. 21. 
Arms of a Maid. Are the paternal 
arms borne in a lozenge. P. g, f. 21. 
Arms of a Man and his Wife. See 
Arms Impaled. 

If the wife dies and the husband'* marries 
again, he either places the arms of his first 



wife on the dexter side of his shield, and 
those of the second wife on the sinister, with 
his own in the centre ; or he still divides the 
shield per-pale, keeping his own on the 
dexter side, and dividing the sinister side 
per -f esse places the first wife's arms in chief 
and the second wife's arms in base. P. 46, 
f. 3. and 2. For man having married three 
or more wives. See f. 5, G, 7 and 8. 
Arms of Office, or Official Arms. 
Those borne by Archbishops, Bishops, 
Deans, Heads of Colleges, etc. The 
paternal coat is borne impaled with 
them, the arms of office being placed 
on the dexter side as P. 17, f. 21. If 
married the arms are borne as shown 
on the two shields. P. 46, f. 33. 
Arms Parlantes. Those having cant- 
ing charges, which allude to the 
bearer. See Allusive Arms. 
Arms Paternal and Hereditary. 
Such as descend from Father to Son. 
Arms of Patronage are of tv.-o kinds. 
First they consist of part of the arms 
of those lords, of whom the persons 
bearing them held in fee ; either add- 
ing to the paternal arms of the person 
assuming such additions ; or borne 
as feudal arms, to show the depend- 
ance of the parties bearing them on 
their particular Lord. Secondly, 
they are such as Governors of pro- 
vinces. Lords of Manors, etc. add to 
their family arms. 
Arms pour Enquirir. See Inquire 

Arms of. 
Arms of Pretention. Are those borne 
by Sovereigns, who, although they 
have not possession of certain do- 
minions, claim a right to them. Thus 
the Sovereigns of England quartered 
the arms of France from the year 
1330 when Edw. iii. laid claim to 
that kingdom, till the year 1801, 
although long before this England 
had laid aside all pretensions to 
France. P. 31, f. 4 to g. 
Arms Quartered. Show the descent 
of one family from Heiresses and Co- 
Heiress of other houses, and is the 
evidence of maternal descent, and of 
the extinction of the immediate an- 
cestors of the Mother whose son be- 
comes their heir general, and is en- 
titled at her death to quarter, with 
his paternal coat, her arms and all 
the quarterings which she may have 
inherited. P. 12, f. 21. 
Arms Royal. P.3i,f. i to 11. WiUiam 
I. to Victoria. 

Arms of Succession. Those taken up 
by such as inherit certain fiefs, or 
manors etc., by will, entail, or dona- 
tion, which they quarter with their 
own arms. 

Arms of Ulster. Ar. a sinister hand 
couped, open and erect gu. This is 
called the Badge of Ulster, also 
Baronet's-Badge ; as it is borne in the 
paternal coat of each of the English 
Baronets. P. 14, f. 21 ; P. 23, f. 21 ; 
P. 31, f. 12. 

Arms of a Viscount. Known by the 
Coronet and by the Robe. See term 
Robe and Coronet. P. 24, f. 45. 
See Arms of Viscountess Beacons- 
field. P. 20, f. 21. 

Arms of a Widow. Consist of her 
husband's arms impaled on the dexter 
side, and her paternal coat on the 
sinister, in a Lozenge. P. 22, f. 21. 
If she is an Heiress her arms are to 
be borne in an escutcheon of Pre- 
tence, over those of her husband in a 
Lozenge. P. 46, f. 10. 
For Arms of a Widow having had two hus- 
bands, and arms of a Widower. See P. 46, 
f. 11 and 26. 

The Arms at P. 22, f. 21 are those of Bagge 
impaling those of Preston. 

Army, or Harysyd. A term anciently 
used to express an arm armed. 

Armyn. iSee Ermine. 

Armys. An old way of spelling Arms. 

Aronda, Arondia, Arondi, or Arrondi. 
Anything circular as gyronny arondia. 
P. 19, f. 45. 

Arondie, or Arondy. See Bend 
Arondy. p. 17, f. 24. 

Arrache. Forcibly torn off ; the same 
as erased. 

Arrasways, or x\rris-wise. A term to 
express anything of a square form 
placed with one corner in front show- 
ing the top, as P. 42, f. 54. 

Arrayed. Covered, or vested. 

Arriere. The back. Volant in arriere 
is a term proper for birds, or insects 
flying from the spectator, as a Bee 
volant en arriere. P. 30, f. 19. 

Arrondi, or Arrondie. See Aronda. 

Arrow. A missive weapon of offence, 
is a slender stick, armed at one end 
and feathered at the other and is 
termed barbed and flighted, or 
plumed, i.e. feathered, the point is 
always downwards unless otherwise 
expressed. P. 37, f. 13. 
Arrows when borne in bundles are termed 
sheaves of arrows, but the sheaf never con- 




tains more than three, unless a greater 
number is named. P. 37, f. 19. Arrows are 
borne in a variety of positions, which, should 
be described e.g. Five arrows two and two 
parallel in saltire, and one in pale. P. 37, 
f. 20. Three arrows one in pale, and two in 
saltire, entwined with a serpent. P. 30, f . 59. 
Arrow-Broad. See Broad-Arrow. 
Arrow-Pheoned. p. 37, f. 14. 

Ascendant. The rays of the sun issu- 
ing upwards ; the term is also applied 
to smoke and flames rising. 

Ascending. Rising. 

Ascents, or Degrees. Steps. P. 23, 
f. 15. 

Aseare, or Asewre. An old term for 

Ash-Keys, or Ashen-Keys. The seeds 
which grow in bunches on the Ash 
Tree. P. 44, f. 46. Also termed 

Ash-Tree. P. 45, f. 52. An ash sprig 
is borne by the name of Nash. 

A-SKER. a reptile. P. 30, f. 7. 

Asp. a kind of serpent. P. 30, f. 46. 

Asp. The Aspen. P. 45, f. 46. 

Aspect. Full faced, the same as at 
gaze. P. 28, f. 44, or guardant 
P. 26, f. 35- 

Aspectant, or Aspecting. Face to 
face. P. 32, f. 28. Ses Combant, 
and Respecting. 

Aspect-Trian. Showing three parts 
of the bod3^ 

Aspen-Tree. P. 45, f. 46. 

Aspen LexWES. Borne by the name of 
Cogan, Aspmall, etc. P. 45, f. 30. 

Aspersed. Powdered, or strewed, the 
same as Semee. P. 2, f. 38. 

Ass. Properly represents patience. 
P. 27, f. 44. 

Ass's-Head. The Crest of Aston, 
Chamberlain, etc. P. 27, f. 45. 

Assagai, or PIassagai. A dart. P. 37, 
f. 22, No. 2. 

Assailant, Assaultant, or Assault- 
ing. Same as saliant and springing, 

Ass-Camel, or Allocamelus. P. 27, 
f. 46. 

Assemble. Dovetailed. 

Assis-sejant. i.e. sitting. P. 26, f. 41. 
Same as a Lion sejant. 

Assumptive Arms. See Arms of As- 

Assurgent. a term to express any- 
thing rising from the sea. P. 22, f. 16. 

Assyrian Goat. P. 29, f. i. 

Astrical. See Cross Astrical. 

Astroid, or x\sTEROiDES. See Star. 

Astrolabe. An astro nomical instru- 
ment for taking the altitude of the 

sun, or stars at sea. P. 38, f. 46. 

Astronomical Characters. Are met 
with in Coat Armour as in the Arms 
of Herschel, etc. P. 23, f. 45. 

AsuR, Asure. See Azure. 

At-Bay. a term to express the position 
of a stag standing on his own defence. 

At-Gaze. Applied to animals of the 
Deer-kind. See Gaze and P. 28, f. 44. 

At-Lodge. See Lodged. 

At Speed. Same as Courant. P. 28, 
f. 46. 

Atchievement. See Achievement. 

Athelstan's Cross. A cross botonee 
placed on a Mound. P. 11, f. 3. 

Attainder. Absolute deprivation of 
every civil right and privilege, and 
consequent forfeiture of all hereditary 

Attire. 'A single horn of a stag, etc. 
P. 28, f. 51. 

Attired. Is used wdien speaking of 
the horns, or antlers of the Stag, 
Buck, or Hart, etc. ; but Bulls, 
Goats, Rams, and Unicorns are said 
to be armed. The term is also ap- 
plied to the habit, or vest of a man, 
or v/oman. 

Attires. Both horns of a stag affixed 
to the scalp, as P. 28, f. 51. 

Attourney. See Gauntlet. 

Auger. A Carpenters' tool. P. 41, f. 34. 

Augmentations. Are particular marks 
of honour. 

Granted by the Sovereign as additions to the 
paternal arms ; and for the most part are 
borne upon a Canton, or Inescutcheon, some- 
times upon a Chief, and Fesse ; and may be 
derived from acts of valour, or loyalty ; from 
profession ; or from any memorable circum- 
stances and events, eg. The arms of the 
Duke of Wellington contain the following 
Augmentation viz. On the honour-point an 
escutcheon, charged with the Crosses of St. 
Geoi'ge, St. Andrew, and St. Patrick, con- 
joined, being the union badge of the United 
Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. Now 
this badge being the common device of our 
united opinions, shews that we think the 
Duke of Wellington was entitled to the 
highest honours which a united people would 
desire to confer on the chief defender of their 
country. P. 21, f. 21. The Augmentation 
granted to the Duke of Marlborough " in 
chief an esciitcheon ar. charged with the 
cross of St. George gu. and thereon an es- 
cutcheon of the Arms of France." Lord 
Nelson's is " on a chief wavy ar. waves of 
the sea from which a Palm tree issuant 
betw. a disabled ship on the dexter and a 
battery in ruins on the sinister all ppr." 
Lord Collingwood " on a chief wavy gu. a 
lion pass, guard, navally crowned or, with 
the v/ord TRAFALGAit over the lion of the 





Pellew Viscount Exmouth. " on a chief of 
Augmentation wavy ar. a representation of 
Algiers with a British man of war before it 
all ppr." Carnegie Earl of North esk whose 
arms are, or. an eagle displayed sa. has as an 
honourable augmentation" a Naval Crown 
gold on the breast of the eagle and over the 
eagle the word "Trafalgar" Halford Bart. 
By Royal warrant of Augmentation, in 1837, 
a rose ar. was substituted for the centre 
fleur-de-lis, (arms originally had three fleur- 
de-lis on a chief), and as further augmenta- 
tion, on a canton erm. a staff entwined with 
a serpent ppr, and ensigned by a coronet 
composed of crosses pattce and fleur-de-lis 
or. Gull. Bart., for augmentation " a Can- 
ton Erm , thereon an ostrich feather ar. 
quilled or. enfiled by a coronet as in the 
Badge of the Prince of Wales. 
Augmented. Having Augmentations. 
Auk, a bird, an inhabitant of the 
arctic or northern seas. P. 34, f. 32. 
AuLNED. The aulnes, or awnes, are 
the beards about the ears of barley, 
etc., generally termed bearded. 
AuRE. Drops of gold. Sec Gvttee. 
Au-RENcouTRE. See Rencoutre. 
Aureole. See Glory. 
Auriflamme, or Oriflamme. The an- 
cient banner of St. Denis, carried at 
the head of the French armies, from 
the 1 2th to the 15th century. Ac- 
cording to Sir N. H. Nicolas, an 
oblong red flag, split into five points, 
described by others as a square 
banner of flame-coloured silk. 
Avant-braces. Armour for the arm. 

See Brassets. 
Avant-Mur. Signifies a wall attached 
to a Tower ; e.g. a Tower the sinister 
side Avant-Mur. P. 23, f. i. 
Ave. Hail! This word "Ave" is 

borne in the arms of Nadler. 
Avellaine, Avelline, Avillane, or 
Avelane. See Cross Avellane. 
P. II, f. 33. 
Avellane invecked, Avellaned pom- 
mel, and Avellane double. See 
Cross. P. 11, f. 33. 
Averlye. See Semer. 
Averdant. Applied to a mount, when 

covered with green herbage. 
Averlye. The same as Semee or 

Aversant, or Dorsed. A term to ex- 
press a hand turned so as to shew 
the back. P. 36, f. i. 
AvosET. A bird. P. 33, f. 48. 
AwL. An instrument to bore holes. 

P. 41, f. 32. 
AwNED. See Aulned. 
Axe, or Hatchet. Battle, Broad, 
Chipping, Carpenters, Danish, Fall- 

ing, or Felling, Pole, Lochabar, 
Slaughter axe, etc. P. 37, f. 25 to 31. 
P. 41, f. ig and 21. P. 22, f. 32. 

Aygnisee, or Equise. The same 
as urdee, or champain, sometimes 
called mateley, clechee, and verdee. 
P. 9, f. 45. 

Aylet. The same as Cornish-chough. 

P. 33, f. 54- 

Ayrant, or Eyrant. Eagles, or Fal- 
cons, are said to be Ayrant when 
borne in their nests. 

Azure. Blue, contracted az., expressed 
in engraving by horizontal lines. P. i . 
See Tinctures. 

B. Used as an abbreviation for Blue, 
i.e. azure. 

Bachelors Arms. The paternal coat. 
See Arms of a Bachelor. 

Bachelor Knight. See Arms of a 
Knight Bachelor. 

Backgammon-Board, or Playing 
Tables. P. 42, f. 32. 

Badelaires. Curved swords, a Cutlass, 
P. 38, f. 22. 

Badge. A device, anciently placed on 
banners, ensigns, caparisons, and 
liveries; but it fell into disuse in the 
reign of Queen Elizabeth with the 
rest of the brilliant relics of the feudal 


The Badge is never placed on a wreath, and 

the few families who still use it, have it either 

depicited below the shield ; or if they bear 

two, one is placed on either side of the crest. 
Badge of England, Scotland, and 

Ireland. P. 3, f 21. 
Badge of Wales. P. 5, f. 21. 
Badge of the Prince of Wales. 

P. 6, f. 21. 

Other Badges. iSee P. 25. P. 25a. P. 31, and 

P. 43. 
Badges of Knighthood, Companions, 

etc. P. 24. P. 25. P. 25a. 
Badger, or Brock. Sometimes called 

a " Gray ;" an Animal often borne in 

Heraldry. P. 27, f. 53. 
Bag. See Scrip. 
Bag of Madder. As borne in the 

Dyers' Arms. P. 40, f. 21. 
Bagpipe. HopweU of Devon has three 

Hares sejant playing upon bagpipes. 

P. 29, f. 6. 
Bagril. See Minnow. P. 32, f. 39. 
Bagwyn. An imaginary animal. P. 27, 

f. 49. 





Baillone. a term to express a lion 
rampant, holding in the mouth a staff 
or baton. P. 26, f. 7. 

Baker's-Peal. As borne in the xA.rms 
of Pister. P. 41, f. 12. 

Balance, An apparatus for weighing 
bodies; a beam with two opposite 
scales. P. 39, f. 22. 

This is usually, though incorrectly, blazoned a 
pair of Scales, whereas the scales are the two 
bowls attached to the end of the beam which 
together with them makes up the Balance 
and are said to be equally poised. 

Balcanifer, or Baldakinifer. A 
standard-bearer of the 

Bald-Coot. A Water-fowl. P. 34, f. 14 

Bald-Head. See Death's Head. 

Baldric, or Bauldrick. A belt usually 
worn over the shoulder. See 

Bale. A package of Merchandize. 
P. 40, f. ig. 

Bale-Corded. P. 40, f. 20. 

Bale of Piedmont. Silk. P. 40, f. 21. 

Balista, or Sweep. A machine an- 
ciently used for throwing stones. 
P. 37, f. 38. 

Ball, Fire, or Ball fired, i.e., with 
fire issuing from the top. P. 37, f. 10. 
If otherwise it must be named, as a Ball fired 
in four places, f. 10. 

Ball tasselled. P. 40, f. 23. 

Band. The fillet or bandage by which 
a sheaf of corn, arroAvs etc. arc bound 
together. P. 37, f. 21. 

Bande. The bend dexter. 

Bande-en. In bend. 

Banded. An3/thing tied round with a 
band of a diff(;rent tincture from it- 
self, is said to be banded, as a Garb, 
sheaf of arrows, plumes, etc. 

Banderole. A streamer tied under 
the crook of a Pastoral Staff, and 
folding round the staff. P. 42, f. 46. 

Banderville, or Bannerolle. A 
diminutive of the banner, used at 
funerals and generally displays the 
arms of different families with whom 
the ancestors of the deceased person 
were connected by marriage. 

Banister-Cross. Consists of four 
staves, fixed crossways to a plate, 
each crowned at the ends. P. 11, 
f. 29. 

Banner. Is co-eval with the introduc- 
tion of Heraldry. 

It is a square flag, and on it are exhibited 
the owner's arms ; gentlemen have a right 
to display their banners on their mansions, 
but the common practice, when they exhibit 
any banner, is to hoist the Union-Jack, which 

might with quite as much propriety be 
painted on their carriages. See Ensign, Flag 
and Standard. 
Banner of the Commonwealth. P. 31, 

f. 29. 
Banner disveloped. Being open and 

flying. P. 43, f. 48. 
Banner Funeral. A small square flag 
on which the arms are painted, it is 
fringed and affixed to a staff, or pike. 
Banner Great. The Great Banner 
is that on which all the quarterings 
of the deceased are painted. 
The size of the several Banner's were origi- 
nally as follows ; viz. 
That of an Emi^eror ; six feet square. 
King ; five feet square. 
Prince or Duke; four feet square. 
Marquis, Earl, Viscount, Baron, 
and Knight-baronet ; three feet 
Banner, The National. Is the Union 

Jack. P. 7, f. 21. 
Banneret. See Knight Banneret. 
Bannerolls, or Banner-Rolls. Used 
at the funeral of either a man or 
woman, are three feet square com- 
posed of silk on which are painted 
the arms. 
Banyan Tree. Is borne as a Crest by 

several families. P. 45, f. 50. 
Bar, or Barr. One of the sub-ordin- 
aries containing a fifth of the shield, 
and may be borne in any part of it. 
P. 5, f. I. 

Two or more bars are frequently borne on the 
same field, as two bars, P. 5, f . 2, three bars, 
f. 7. The diminutives of the bar are the 
Closet, which is half the bar, as f. 3, three 
Closets, f. 4, and the Barrulet, which is half the 
Closet ; when these diminutives are placed 
two and two in a Shield they are called Bars- 
gemel, f. 5 and G. When one or more 
Barrulets are placed on each side of a Fesse ; 
the Fesse is said to be Cottised, as P. 5, 
f. 9, 10, and 11. 

These are all subject to the accidental forms 
of lines as engrailed, embattled, florv, etc. 
See f. 14, 15, 16, and 17. 
Bar-Gate. See Gate. 
Bar-Gemel, Barr-Gemel, Gemelle, 
or Gemellus Double. Are double 
bars, or two bars placed near and 
parallel with each other. P. 5, f. 5 
and 6. 
Bar In. When two or more charges 
are placed horizontally they are said 
to be In-bar. 
Bar of Bastardy. P. ig, f. 27. 
Bar, per base, or Bar meire. A term 
used by some writers to express 
potent, or potent counter-potent. It 
is by Randle Home, termed varry 
cuppy, or cuppa, and verrey tassa. 
P. I, and P. 22, f. 40. 




Bar, per base erased. P. 4, f. 39. 
From Gerard Leigh's x\ccidence of 

Bar, per and pile. More correctly 
emblazoned per fesse and pile. P.2, 

Bar, per and canton, or cantoned. 
Better per-fesse cantoned. Is the field 
divided per-fesse and per-canton. 

Barde, or Barred. Same as Barry. 

Bardings. Horse trappings often 
enriched with Armorial bearings. 

Barbed. A term variously applied. 
Firstly. To the poiuts tliat stand back in 
the head of an arrow or fishing-hook, etc. 
Secondly. To a Cross when its extremities 
are like the barbed irons used for striking 
fish. Thirdly. To the five leaves of the 
Heraldic-Roje ; which always appear on its 
outside. Fourthl}'. Sometimes used to 
express the comb and gills of a. cock. Fifthly. 
To a Horse ; when a war-horse is completely 
accoutred he is termed a Barbed horse, or 
Steed. Sixthly. To the needles or beard of 
barley, etc. 

Barbee, or Croix Barbee. A Cross- 
Barbee. P. g, f. 31. 

Barbel. A fish. Generally depicted 
embowed. P. 32, f. 28. 

Barberry. A branch of. P. 45, f. 5. 

Barded. Caparisoned. The Bardings 
of the Knightly war-horses Avere 
commonly charged with heraldic in- 
signia. P. 36, f. 27. 

Barded Courser. A War-horse 

Barks. Boats. See P. 38. 

Barley Ears. P. 45, f. 13. 
Garb of Barley, f. 1-5. 

Barnacle-Goose, or Barnacle-Fowl. 
A large water-fowl. P. 34, f. ig. 

Barnacle-Bird. Same as Barnacle- 

Barnacles. An instrument used by 
Farriers, depicted either extended 
i.e. open as the figure in chief P. 37, 
f. 56, or closed as tlie example in 
base, the}' are also termed horse- 

Baron. The lov/est rank of the British- 
Peerage. Sec Arms of a Baron. 

Baroness. The wife of a Baron. She 
is styled "My Lady" and is " Right 
Honourable " her Coronet is the same 
as her Husband. 

Baron and Femme. Husband and 

The Arms are borne impaled, the husband's 
on the dexter and the wife's on the sinister, 
as P. 10, f. 21. If the woman is an Heiress, 
or Co-Heiress, her Arms are borne in an 
Escutcheon of Pretence; as P. 11, f. 21. 

Baronet. The lowest degree of heredi- 
tary dignit}^ ; rank among themselves 

according to creation, and follow 
next to the younger sons of barons, 
taking precedence of all Knights, ex- 
cept of the Garter. 

The order was originally instituted by King 
James I. in 1611 for the colonization of 
Ulster, and the Arms of that province were 
deemed the most appropriate insigna. They 
are placed on a canton or in an escutcheon 
on the jiaternal coat, in the most convenient 
spot. When the Shield contains many 
quarterings, it should be borne in the 
paternal coat, and not as is frequently the 
case upon the intersection, or partition of the 
shield. This does not apply where the Baronet 
has two surnames, bearing arms for each 
quarterly ; then it ought to be placed on the 
centre division of the four quarterings. 
Arms of a Baronet, P. 14, f . 21, and P. 23, f . 21 . 

Baronet's Badge. Is on an escutcheon 
ar. a sinister hand, erect and 
apaumee, couped at the wrist gu. 
P. 51, f. 12. 

Baron's Coronet. On a gold circle 
showing four pearls. P. 24, f. 46. 
See Coronet. 

Baron's Mantle. See Robe. 

Barr. See Bar. 

Barraly. Same as Barr3^ 

Barre, or Barre-une. A Bend Sinister. 
P. 17, f. 5- 

Barre-waies. See Barwise. 

Barrel. A Cask or Tun. P. 31, f. 28. 

P- 39' f- 37 and 38. 

Barrelet, Barrulet, Barrellet, 
Barrula, or Barrule. A diminutive 
of the Bar. P. 5, f. 3. 

Barrelet. Enfiled with an annulet. 
P. 12, f. 40. 

Barrulet. P. 5, f. 3. 

Barrulette, Barruly, or Burely. 
Same as Barr}^ Also termed Barru- 
letty, and Barruled. P. 5, f. 8. 

Barry. A term to express the field or 
charge when equally divided by hori- 
zontal lines. 

These division are comjjosed of two tinctures 
and their number must be named, e.g. Barry 
of eight, or. and sa. P. 5, f. 8. Barry of 
ten. p. 19, f. 33. Barry of six, Erm. and 
gu. P. 2, f. 13. 

Barry of six, per pale indented. P. 2, 

f. 21. 
Barry bendy. P. 2, f, 35. 
Barry bendy sinister. P. 2, f. 34. 
Barry bendy counterchanged. Same 

as Barr}^ indented. P. 2, f. 36. 
Barry bendy lozengy, or Barry 

Lozengy. p. 2, f. 35. 
Barry essix. Same as Barry of six. 

P. 2, f. 13. 
Barry Indented. P. 2, f. 36. 


Barry paly, or Billettee counter- 
changed. P. 2, f. 42. 

Barry paly in prospect. P. 22, f. 39. 

Barry pily. P. 2, f. 15. 

Barry per fret. P. 21, f. 30. 

Barry per pale counterchanged. 
P. 5, f. 13. 

Barry point in point. Same as Barry 
indented. P. 2, f. 36. 
Barry, is subject to all the accidental forms 
of lines as Barry Encjrailed, Barry Nebula, 
Urdee, etc. 

Bars-gemels. Sec Bar-gemel. 

Bars Nowy. P. 2, f. 14. 

Bar-Shot. A bar of iron, having a 
ball, or shot at each end. P. 37, f. g. 

Baruly, Barruled. See Barrulette. 

Barwise, or Barways. Implies any- 
thing placed, in a horizontal line 
across the field. P. 4, f. 31. 

Bascinet, or Heaume. P. 39, f. 20, 
No. I. 

Base. The bottom of the shield. 

"When a charge is placed at the bottom of 
the field, it is teraied In Base, and, if not 
occupying the middle of the base, it must be 
expressed as being in the dexter or sinister 
base point. See Canton in Dextee base. 
p. 19, f. 40. and Points of Escutcheon. P. 1. 

Base-Bar. A portion of tlie base of 
the shield equal in width to a Bar, 
parted oft by a horizontal line. 

Base-Esquire. Also termed Base 
Escuers. P. 21, f. 24 and 42, 

Base-Point. /S'^^P. i. Dexter, Middle 
and Sinister base points. 

Based, or Bas't. A Baste Esquire. 
P. 21, f. 24. Sec Esquire. 

Based-Esquires dexter and sinister. 
P. 21, f. 42. 

Basilisk. As represented in Heraldry 
resembles the heraldic wivern, but 
with the liead of a dragon at the end 
of the tail, and with the comb, 
wattles, and spurs of a Cock ; it is 
also termed the Amphisien-Cocka- 
trice. P. 27, f. 10. 

Basinet. A close-fitting steel helmet. 

Basket. A vessel made of rushes, 
twigs or splinters, as borne by the 
famil}^ of Littlebury. P. 39, f. 17. 

Basket with a handle. Borne by the 
family of Wolston. P. 39, f. 17, No. 3. 

Basket. As in the arms of the Basket 
Makers Company, called a cross- 
basket. P. 22, f. 28. 

Basket of loaves. As borne in the 
arms of Bethlem Hospital, and 
Milton Abbey. P. 39, f. 17, No. i. 

Basket, or Shruttle. Used for win- 
nowing corn ; it is also termed a Fan, 
or Winnovv'ing-basket. P. 39, f. 16. 

14 BAT 

Basnet, Bassinet, Bassenet, or Baci- 
net. An ancient name for an helmet. 

P. 38, f. 4- 

Bast. See Based. 

Bastardy-Bar of. P. 19, f. 27. 

Baste, Based, Bast, or Baste. A 
portion of the base of a shield, the 
same as a plain-point. P. 21, f. 5 
and 45. 

Bastile. a double embattlernent. See 
P. I. Same as Battled-Embattled. 

Baston, or Batume. See Baton. 

Bat, or Rere-Mouse. P. 30, f. 4. 

Bat's Wings. P. 25, f. 28. 

Bath King of Arms. Is not a member 
of the Heralds College, but takes 
precedence next after Garter King of 
Arms. He has a crown like the 
other Kings, and a peculiar costume 
directed. by the statutes of the order. 

Bath Order of. See Knighthood 
Orders of. 

Baton, Batton. P. 36, f. 16. A trun- 
cheon or leading staff given to Field- 
Marshals, and other high officers, as 
a token of authority. Two Batons 
in saltire are borne behind the arms 
of the Earl Marshal of England. See 

Baton Sinister, Baston, Batton, 
Battoon, Batune. Also termed a 
Fissure. A mark of illegitimacy, is 
a diminutive of the bend sinister, 
being one fourth its breadth. It does 
not extend from side to side of the 
shield ; and may be borne either 
plain or charged. See P. 19, f. 27. 
The Baton has been adopted since the fif- 
teenth century, in England, to mark the 
illegitimate descendants of the Eoj'al Family 
only ; before v/hich time no jDositive rule 
prevailed, since the more ancient ways of 
marking illegitimacy were by the Bend, 
either jjlacing the Father's arms thereon or 
debruising them by it ; the Border was also 
used as a mark of bastardy. 

Baton Cross. P. 11, f. 7. 

Battelle, or Battelled. See 

Battering-Ram. An instrument used 
by the ancients to breach walls. It 
had a metal head like that of a ram, 
whence its name. P. 37, f. 12. 

Battle-axr. p. 37, f. 25. 

Battled, Embattled, or Imbattled. 
When any of the ordinaries are borne 
in the form of the battlements of a 
castle, on one side only. P. 3, f. 8. 
P. 17, f. 15. 

Battled Arrondee. Signifies that the 
tops of the battlements should be 
circular. P. 19, f. 5. 




Battled, counter. Same as Counter- 
embattled. P. 3>f-9; P- 17. f- ^7- 

Battled-embattled. One battlement 
upon another. P. i. 

Battled-grady, or Embattled-grady. 
So termed because it resembles the 
form of steps. P. 4, f- 23; P. i3 
f. 16; P. 18, f. 10. 

Battelly. Same as Battled. 

Battlements of a Tower. The upper 
works of a castle or fortification. 

P. 23, f. 17- . 

Batton, Battoon and Batune. A 
staffer truncheon. See Baton. 

Bauceant, or Beauseant. A banner 
of the Knights Templers in the thir- 
teenth century. It was an oblong 
flag per-fesse. sa. and ar. 

Baudrick. a sword belt, passing over 
the right shoulder and under the left 

Bauteroll. See Boteroll. 
Bay-at, or Standing at Bay. The po- 
sition of a stag standing in his own 
defence, with his head downwards. 
Bay-leaves. P. 45- f- 20. 
Bay-Tree. The Laurel-Tree. 
Beacon, or Beacon-Fire. From the 
Saxon becnian, to beckon, or call to- 
gether, denotes a signal-fire ; which 
was usually lighted on a pole erected 
on some hill or other eminence. 
P. 37, f. I. 
Beadle's staff. As borne by the 
family of Doo of Finch am. P. 42, 
f. 45. (Prior's staff.) 
Beagle, or Ratch-hound. P. 29, f. 26. 
Beak. See explanation under the term 

Beaked. Birds are termed beaked, 
when the bills are of a different tinc- 
ture from the bodies. See term Bird. 

P. 42,-f. 



Beaker, or Ewer. 

Beam. A term to express 
horn of a hart, or buck. 

Beams, or Rays of the Sun. Generally 
borne issuing from charges, and then 
termed Radiant, Rayonned, Rayon- 
nant, or Rayonnee. P. 14, f- 18. 

Bean-cods, or pods. P. 44, f- 59- 

Bear. A common bearing in Heraldry 
as a Bear pass, muzzled, P. 29, f. 37 ; 
a Bear sejant, f. 38 ; a Demi-Bear 
ramp, f. 39; Bear's Head erased, 
f. 40 ;' Bear and ragged staff", f. 42. 
The Bear is always to be drawn muzzled it 
not expressed to the contrary. The fore leg 
of a Bear which is frequently used m 
Armoury, is called a Game to which term 
refer and to P. 29, f. 41. 

Beard. The barbs of an arrow, or 
pheon, blazoned barbed. See Barbed. 
Bearded. A man's head in armoury 
is always understood to be bearded 
if not otherwise expressed. 
Bearded, or Blazing. A term to ex- 
press the tail of a comet, or blazing 
star. P. 23, f. 45. 
Bearded. See Aulned. 
Bearing. Any charge may be called a 

bearing ; a coat of arms in general. 
Bearings. A term applied to the 
entire coat of arms with all its ap- 
Beasts, and parts of Beasts. :^ee 

P. 26, 27, 28, 29 and 30. 
Beauseant. See Bauceant. 
Beautified. See Adorned. 
Beauvoir. See Beaver. 
Beaver, Visor, or Vizor. The part of 
the helmet which protected the face, 
and which could be raised or lowered 
at pleasure. P. 38, f. 10. 
Beaver. An Animal. P. 29, f. 49. 

The emblem of industry and jDerseverauce. 
Beaver's tails. Are found as charges 

in Armoury. P. 29, f. 50. 
Bebally. Used by old writers for party- 

Becque. Same as Beak. See Bird. 
Bedel's staff. See Beadle's staff. 
Bee. Much used in Armoury as the 
emblem of industry ; generally given 
to those who have raised themselves 
by industry and perseverance. P. 30, 

f. 19. 

Bee-Gad. P. 30, f. 21. 

Bee-hive. Generally depicted as sur- 
rounded with bees. It is then 
blazoned, a beehive beset, or re- 
plenished with bees diversely volant. 
P. 30, f. 20. 

Beech-Tree. Frequently met with as 

a bearing. P. 45> i- 33- 
Beer-butt- A large cask. P. 31,1. 2b, 

and P. 39, f. 37- ^ . 

Beetle. A Maul or Mallet. P. 41, t. 33- 
Beetle, or Scarabee. An insect as 

borne by the family of Thorndike. 

P. 2"^ f. 27. 

Belfry! That pait of a building in 
which a bell is hung. P. 43. f- 30- 

Belic. See Gules. 

Belled. A term apphed to Hawks, 
when bells are affixed to their legs, 
which is generally the case m coat 
armour. P. 33> f- 3i. and 32 
A Falcon's leg a-la-quise, jessed, belled and 
varvelled. P. 33, f . 34. 

Bellflowers. p. 44, i- S^- 




Bellfroy. Same as Vair. 

Bellows. An instrument for propelling 
air through a tube, as borne in the 
arms of Skipton. P. 41, f, 12. 

Bells. As borne in armoury are of 
two kinds, viz., Falcon's bells. P. 43, 
f. 17, and Church bells. P. 43, f. 29. 
In blazoning church bells, if the tongues are 
of a different tincture from the bell itself, 
the Bell is said to be tongued of such a 
tincture; or they are sometimes blazoned 
bells with clappers of such a tincture. The 
term " Cannoned " is also applied to their 

When bells are borne penda,nt from a file as 
at P. It5-, f . 37 ; th-c file is termed campaned. 

Belt, or Girdle. A strap with a 
buckle. P. 42, f. 15 and 16. 

Bend. One of the honourable ordi- 
naries, is formed by two parallel 
diagonal lines, drawn from the dexter 
'chief to the sinister base. It contains 
one third of the field. P. 17, f. i. If 
depicted the reverse way, i.e. from 
sirtister chief to dexter base, it is 
termed a Bend Sinister, which must 
be so expressed. 

It may be formed either by straight or 
crooked lines, in the former case is simply 
called a Bend. In the latter a Bend En- 
grailed, Inveck.d, Indented, etc. according 
to the form of crooked line which it assumes. 
See P. 17. 

The Diminutives of the Bend are the Bend- 
let, Garter, Cost, and Ribbon ; of the Bend 
Sinister the Scarpe and batton. P. 17, f. 2, 
3, 4, and 6. 


f. 12. 

ACUTE ANGLED. P. l8, f. ig. 


f. 25. 


P. 18, f. 28. 

- Arondy, or Nuee, gored-tranchee- 
nuage, or a bend arondie, triple- 
arched, gored on both sides. P. 17, 
f. 24. 

DEVILED. P. 18, f. ig. 

- BETWEEN. When charges are placed 
on both sides of any Ordinary, etc., 

the Ordinary is said to be between, 
e.g. See P. 17, f. 21. 

- BRACED. P. ig, f. 26. 

DOUBLE BEVILED. P. l8, f. 8. 

- and BORDER, P. ig, f. 32. 


f. 28. 
P. 17, f. 42. 


P. 17, f. 16. 

BRETESSED NUEE. P. l8, f. 2g. 

Bend bretessed parted, or double 

PARTED. P. 17, f. 3g. 

- and Bordure. P. ig, f. 32. 

- CHARGED. Having anything upon 
it, generally blazoned " on a bend." 
P. 17, f. 21 and 31. 


p. 17, f. ig. 

- chequy, or CHECKiE. Always con- 
sists of three or more rows. P. 17, 

f. 43- 
^ and CHIEF. P. ig, f. 30. 


P. 17, f. 40. 



f. 28. 

- COTTISED.' Double and treble cot- 
tised. P. 17, f. 31, 32 and 33. 


The cottise is subject to the various forms 
of crooked lines. P. 17, f. 36 and 37; P. 18, 
f. 30 and 31 ; P. 19, f. 24. 

- couNTERCHANGED. P. 2, f. 4g and 50. 


COUPED, or HUMETTE. P. I7, f. 38. 

CRENELLE. P. 17, f. 15. 


f. 23. 

. DANCETTEE. P. 1 7, f. II. 


P. 18, f. 14. 

DEMI. P. 18, f. 24. 

- DOUBLE DOWNSETT, also termed 
ramped, and coupee. P. i8, f. ii. 

. DOUBLE EDGED. P. 17, f. 30. 

DOVE-TAIL. P. 17, f. 20. 

EDGED. P. 17, f. 25. 

EMBATTLED. P. 17, f. I5. 

P. 17, f. 17. 

- ENGOULE. So termed when the ends 
enter the mouths of lions, tigers, 
dragons, etc. 

A Bend Sinister Engoule. P. 18, f. 27. 

- EN DEVISE. The same as bendlet. 
P. 17, f. 2. 

ENGRAILED. P. 17, f. 7. 

- ENHANCED, i.e. raised higher than 
its usual place, e.g. three bendlets 
enhanced. P. i8, f. 36. 

or splintered. P. 18, f. 23. 



GRADY. P. 18, f. 10. 

P. 17, 

Sec term 





Bend esclatte. Same as a Bend 

- Flamant. p. 17, f. 18. 

FlORY, or FLORIED. P. I 7, f. I 3. 

- Florv, counter-flory. p. 17, f. 14. 

- FUSIL. Bend formed of fusils placed 
side by side. P. i8, f. 2. 

- FusiLY. When the outward shape 
of the bend -is not altered, but its 
surface is divided so as to form fusils 
all over it. P. i8, f. 3. 

- GoBONY. P. 17, f. 40. 


times termed grady of three de- 
creasing to base. P. 18, f. 15. 

HACKED. P. 17, f. 10. 

HEMISPHERE, Or ZoDIAC. P. iS, f. 26. 

HUMET, or HUMETTEE. P. 1 7, f. 38. 

- In. a term used when charges are 
placed bend wise e.g. P. 17, f. 45, 

nr\AV* TO f oR 


f. 7. 

INDENTED. P. 17, f. g. 


HEWED. P. 17, f. 10. 


f. 44. 

INVECKED. P. 17, f. 8. 

OF A LIMB OF A TrEE. P. I7, f. 27. 

LOZENGE, or LOZENGY. P. 1 8, f. I. 

- OF LOZENGES. Are lozenges con- 
joined in bend. P. i8, f. 2. 

MAILED, or PAPELLONNE. P. l8, f. J. 

MASCLE, or TvIasculy. 
masculee. P. 18, f. 6. 


NOWY. P. 18, f. 20. 

DOUBLE NOWED. P. l8, f. 22. 


f. i8. 

NOWY LOZENGY. P. 1 8, f. IJ. 


Also termed single bretessed, and 
sometimes called a bend with one 
embattlement on each side. P. i8, 
f. 1 6. 

- NUEE, or NUAGE. Also termed a 
bend tranchee nuage, and a bend 
arondie. P. 17, f. 24. 


OF ANOTHER. P. 17, f. 34. 

- ON, or CHARGED. As On a Bend 
three billets. P. 17, f. 31. P. ig, 
f. 2g, Two hands rending a horse- 

- PALiSADO. P. 17, f. ig. 

Also termed 
P. 17, f. 21. 

Bend papellonne, pampelletee, or 
PEPELLOTEE. Also termed a bend 
mailed. P. 18, f. 7. 

- pattee. Potentee or dovetail. P. 17, 
f. 20. 

POTENTEE. P. 17, f. 35. 


P. 17, f. 22. 

RAGULY, or RAGULED. P. 1 7, f. 26. 

RECTANGLED. P. 18, f. 12. 

REMOVED. P. 18, f. 14. 

SHAPOURNE. P. 18, f. 25. 

SINISTER. P. 17, f, 5. 

Not a Mark of Illegitimacy as is frequently 

- Sinister and Dexter viz. sa. A 
bend sinister ar. surmounted of 
another dexter or. borne by Newton 
of Essex. 


f. 34. 

P. 18, f. 20. 
TREFLE. As in 


IS nowy. 

the arms of 
Prince of Wales. P. i6, f. 40. 



URDEE. Also termed a bend 
crenellee points pointed. P. 17, f. ig. 

urdee-champained, or championed. 
Differs from the last, the champaines 
being of a different tincture. P. 17, 
f. 23. 

voided, p. 17, f. 2g. 

warriated on the outsides. Same 
as urdee. P. 17, f. ig. 

Wavy, or Waved. Also termed 
Undee. P. 17, f. 12 ; P. 2, f. 4g. 

Zodiac. P. 18, f. 26. 
Bend-per, or Party per bend. When 

the field or charge is divided by a 
diagonal line fi-om the dexter chief 
to the sinister base. 

Observe the first metal or colour named in 
the blazon should fill the chief part, and the 
second the base, as P. 2, f. G. 

Arched. P. ig, f. 15. Also 

termed enarched, champain, or 

Bend. When the bend is divided 

down the centre by either a straight 
or crooked line ; as a bend dovetail 
per bend P. 17, f. 20, and a bend 
per-bend P. ig, f. 24. 

CRENELLEE. P. ig, f. 2. 

dancettee. p. ig, f. l6. 


EMBATTLED URDEE. P. ig, f. 4. 

with one embattlement arondie. 

p. ig, f. g. 
indented, p. ig, f. 6. 




Bend-per, indented bowed, 

POMETTEE. P. l8, f. 45. 



- Nebuly. p. ig, f. 7. 


ARCHED. Also termed tranche en 
nuage, and arondie dexter-per-bend. 
P. ig, f. II. 


AND COUNTERPOSED. P. ig, f. 17. 


IN POINT URDE. P. ig, f. 8. AlsO 

termed per bend champion to the 


Also termed per bend archee, reversed 
in the middle a pomel. 

COUNTER POMETTEE. P. ig, f. 25. 

SINISTER. P. 2, f. 7. 

SINISTER IN AILE. P. ig, f. I4. 

Also termed per-bend bande. 


MOUTHS. P. ig, f. 18. 

SINISTER. P. ig, f. 13. 

URDEE. P. ig, f. 3. 


P. ig, f. 20. 

POINTS Bendy barry sinister. P. 2, f. 34. 

P. ig, f. 22. 



P. ig, f. 23. 

Bende, or Bendys. The old way of 
spelling bend and bends. 

Bending, Rebending. The same as 
bowed, or embowed. 

Bendlet, or Bendil. A diminutive of 
the bend. P. 17, f. 2. 

Bendlets. Two and three. P. 18, f. 34, 
35. and 36. P. ig, f. 28. 

Bendwise, Bendways, or In Bend. 
A term to express the position of 
charges when placed obliquely, re- 
sembling a bend either dexter or 
sinister, as P. 17, f. 45. P. 6, f. 11 
and 20. 

Bendy. Is when the field is equally 
divided bendways and may be of any 
number of parts. P. 18, f. 37, and 

OF SIX and Bendy of eight. P. 2, 
f. II and 12. P. 18, f. 37 and 38. 

of six, per bend sinister counter- 
charged. P. 18, f. 40. 

Angled, Rectangled, acute or 
beviled angled in the same form 
as bends. P. 18, f. 42. 

barried. p. 18, f. 44. 

BARRY. p. 2, f. 35. 


P. 2, 

f. 36. Barry bendy lozengy. P. 2, 
f. 35, and barry indented. P. 2, f. 36. 

- FUsiLV, or Fusily-bendy. p. 18, f. 


- LOZENGY. Same as Bendy paly. P. 
22, f. 21. 

LOZENGY BARRY. P. 2, f. 35. 

MASCULY. P. 18, f. 33. 

- PALY, or Paly-bendy. P. 2, f. 32. 
SINISTER OF six. P. i8, f. 3g. 


SINISTER. P. 18, f. 41. P. 2, f. 33. 

OF SIX ANGLED. P. l8, f. 42. 

Bendys. See Bende. 

Bengal Tiger. P. 28, f. 13. 

Beque, or Beaked. A bird is termed 
beaked, when its bill is of a different 
tincture from the body. 

Berly. An ancient term for barry. 

Besanty. See Bezantee. 

Besaunte. a be"::nt. P. :. 

Beset. Surrounded, as a bee hive 
beset with bees diversely volant. P. 
30, f. 20. 

Besom, or Broom. P. 42, f. 4g. 

Betony-leaf. P. 45, f. 26. 

Between. A term applied to the prin- 
cipal charge occupying a central 
position as a cross betw. four roses. 
P. 7, f. 2 ; a chev. between three 
martlets. P. 8, f. 21. P. 14, f. 6. 
P. 17, f. 21. P. ig, f. 21, etc. 

Bevelded. See Beviled. 

Bever, or Vizor. Sec Beaver. 

Bevil, Bevel, or Bevile. Is a line 
cut off in its straightness and is 
termed angled and beviled. P. i. 
P. 4, f. 27. 

Beviled, or acute-angled. P. iS, f. ig. 

Beviled-double. p. 18, f. 8. 

Bevy. A term used to express a com- 
pany or number of Roses, etc., same 
as a cluster or bunch. 

Bezant, Besant, or Besaunte. A 
round flat piece of gold, which was 
the current coin of Byzantium. Sup- 
posed to have been first introduced 
into coat armour at the time of the 

It is sometimes called a " Talent," the 
emblem of Justice, and equal dealing among 
men. P. 1. 

Bezantee, Bezantie, or Bezanty. The 
field, or any charge is said to be be- 
zantee when indiscriminatel}' strewed- 
over with Bezants. Also expressed 
by the term Semee of Bezants. 




Bezantlier. The second branch from 
the main-beam, next above the bow- 
antler of a buck, etc. 

Bible. Sze Book. 

BiCAPiTATED, or BiCAPiTED. Having 
two heads. P. 26, f. 9. 

BicoRPORATED. Having two bodies. 
P. 26, f. 12. 

Big-Wheat. See Wheat. 

Bill-Forest. A Wood Bill. P. 41, 
f. 22. 

Bill. Hooks. iSt?^ the above. 

Bill-Stone. See Wedge. 

Billet. An oblong square with a 
flat surface. As to what they repre- 
sent there is a great diversity of 
opinion ; some consider they repre- 
sent bricks, others billets-doux ; but 
whatever they may be, they are 
drawn as in P. 42, f. 34, and P. 17, 

Billet raguled, and trunked in- 
171 ^MT7n c;qmp n c; Brand. P. 41, 
f. 47. (A Fire Brand.) 

Billetty, billettee, or Semee de 
billets. Also termed Billete and 
Billety, represents the Shield, 
Charge, Crest, or Supporter, as 
strewed all over with billets. 

Billetty, counter Billettee. Is a 
field divided per-pale and per-fesse. 
The same as Barry Paly, P. 2, f. 42. 
A Fesse Billettee counter-billettee. 
P. 4, f. 41. 

Billing. Two birds billing, or respect- 
ing. P. 31, f. 27. 

Biparted. Cut off, so as to leave one 
angular depression, shewing two 
projecting pieces and different to 
erased which shows three jagged 

Birch Tree. P. 45, f. 34. 

Bird-bolt. A short thick arrow with- 
out a point, and spreading at the 
extremity so much as to leave a flat 
surface ; it has sometimes two heads 
which must be named. P. 37, f. 18 
and 22. 

Birds. Of various kinds are met with 
armorial bearings. See P. 33 and 34. 
In blazon, birds of prey whose weapons are 
their beak and talons, are blazoned armed 
of such a tincture. But such birds as Swans, 
Ducks, Herons, etc., who have no talons, 
in blazoning are said to be beaked and 
membered, which last term signifies the 
legs ; and when the wings of a bird are of a 
different tincture from the body, it is said 
to be winged of such a tincture. When 
"Bird" is mentioned in blazon without 
naming the particular class of bird it is 
alwajs drawn as P. 34, f. 43. 


Bird's legs. See Legs. 

Bird's nest. Is borne by several 
families. P. 31, f. 18. 

Bird of Paradise. P. 34, f. 6. 

BiRT. The same as Turbot. P. 
f. 8. 

Bishops impale their own Arms with 
the Arms of their See, the latter 
being placed on the dexter. P. 17, 
f. 21. 

Bishop's Mitre. P. 24, f. 15. 

Bishop. Habited in his pontificals, 
sitting in a chair of state, leaning 
on his sinister side, and holding in his 
left hand a Pastoral staff. P. 35, f. 3. 

Bishop's Crosier. P. 42, f. 45. 

Bishop's cross staff, or Episcopal 
staff. As borne in the arms of the 
See of Canterbury. P. 22, f. 2. 

Bison. A species of the ox. P. 25a, 
f. 24. 

BissE. A Snake. 

BiSTOURi, or Bistoury. A surp-ical 
instrument. P. 42, f. 51. 

Bit, and Snaffle Bit. P. 37, f. 53. 

Bit-Manage. P. 37, f. 54. 

Biting his tail. See A Serpent biting 
his tail. p. 30, f. 37. 

Bitted. As a horse's head bitted and 
bridled. P. 27, f. 35. 

Bittern. A bird. P. 34, f. 12. 

Bl. Abbreviation for Blue. i.e. azure. 

Blackbird. Frequently found in Coat 
Armour. P. 34, f. 44. 

Black. Sable. See Tinctures. 

In engraving is represented by perpendicu- 
lar and horizontal lines crossing each other. 

Blackamoor, or Moor. P. 35, f. 28, 

Blackamoor's head. P. 36, f. 42. 

Black-man. P. 35, f. 28. 

Blade. Applied to the stalk of grain 
or corn when of a different tincture 
from the ear, or fruit, when it is 
termed " Bladed." P. 45, f. 13 
and 16. 

Blades. Are frequently borne without 
their handles, when their special 
kind must be named. 
The Blade expresses the steel part of any 
cutting instrument when of a different 
tincture to the handle. P. 39, f. 10. 

Blanch-Lyon. The title of one of the 
Pursuivants at arms. 

Blasted. Leailess, applied to Trees, 
same as blighted. P. 45, f. 58. 

Blazing star, or Comet. P. 23, f. 45. 

Blazon, or Blason. A term generally 
applied to the knowledge and de- 
scription of armorial bearings ac- 
cording to the rules of Heraldry. 
In blazoning a Coat of Arms, i.e. describing 




it, the Field is always first mentioned 
noticing the lines wherewith it is divided, 
and the difEerences of these linos, whether 
they be straight or crooked. Then proceed 
to the charge nearest the centre, and name 
those charges last which are furthest from 
the field, i.e. the charges upon the Ordinaries. 
The principal Ordinary in the coat (with the 
oxccption of the Chief) must be named next 
to the field, e.g. P. 2, f. 45. If the Ordinary 
itself is charged, such charge to be blazoned 
next to those between which the Ordinary 
is placed, e.g. P. 2. f. 3, and P. 22, f. 33. If 
there is no Ordinary in the arms the central 
charge is to be first named after the field, 
then the charge, if any, on the central 
charge, then the Border; nest the Chief or 
Canton with its charges, e.g. P. 13, f. 4J., 
& P. 22, f. 32. When a bearing is described 
without naming the point of the Escutcheon 
where it is to be placed, the centre is always 
understood ; the same is also observed in 
respect to the charges upon Ordinaries, or 
one charge upon another. P. 20, f . 42. When 
there are three charges with or without 
Ordinary they are borne two in chief and 
one in base, P. 22, f. 43 ; but if they are not 
so placed, or, exceed three, their position 
must be named, see P. 4, f. 31., P. 22, f. 15 
and IS. In Blazoning a coat, repetition of 
the same word must be avoided, as for 
example, it would be incorrect to describe 
the following coat thus ; Sa. on a fesse ar. 
betw. three lions; heads erased ar. three 
mullets sa. It should be sa. on a fesse betw. 
three lions' heads erased ar. "as many" 
mullets " of the first," or "of the field" 
Of the first, or of the field, is used to prevent 
repetition of sa. The following rule is now 
observed by the Heralds, never to place 
colour on colour, or metal upon metal ; and 
although a few instances of departure from 
this rule might be produced in some very 
ancient coats, ( Carson, Bissett, Lloyd, 
White, etc.) yet these exceptions do not 
destroy the rule. 

In Blazoning roundles, or guttee drops, you 
are not to say a roundle or guttee of such a 
tincture (unless it be party coloured or 
counterchanged) for their names vary accord- 
ing to the different tinctures of which they 
are composed ; so that a roundle which is of 
Gold, is not blazoned a roundle or., but a 
Bezant, and a guttle drop red, is not to be 
blazoned a gutto gu., but guttee de sang. 
When roundles and guttee are borne upon 
a party coloured field and are of the alternate 
tinctures, they are blazoned roundles or 
guttoe counterchanged, e g. Quarterly ar. 
and sa. six roundles 3, 2, and 1, counter- 
changed. P. 2, f . 39. A high bonnet, or cap, 
per pale sa. and ar., banded gu., the cap 
guttee counterchanged. P. 40, f. 50. In 
Blazoning animals, a distinction must be 
particularly observed as to the kind of animal 
to which the terra is to be applied, e g. The 
terms Rampant, Saliant, Passant, Couchant, 
are properly applied to Lions, Tigers, etc. 
But for Deer the same attitudes are ex- 
pressed, the first two by the term Springing, 
the other two by the terms Tripping, and 
Lodged ; and a Lion standing full-faced is 
termed Guardant, but a Stag would be 

termed at Gaze. P. 2G and P. 28. Respect- 
ing the blazoning of Men, Animals, Birds, 
Fish, Trees, etc. see each under its re- 
spective term. 

After Blazoning the Shield, you proceed to 
the exterior ornaments viz. : The Helmet, 
Lambrequin, Crest, Supporters, Badge, and 
Motto, e.g. P. 8, f. 21 ; P. 18, f. 21. 

Bl.vzoner. One skilled in Blazonry, 
which is the art of properly describing 
Coat Armour. 

Blazonry. S:e Bl.\zon. 

Blemished, or Rebated. When a 
charge or bearing is broken, as a 
Spur-rowel with its points broken. 

P- 37, f- 47- 


Blighted, Blasted, or Starved. P. 45, 

f. 58. 
Block. A Billet, Delf, or Dice so 

named by Papworth. 
Blocx-BruSh. As borne in the Arms 
of the Butchers' Company. P. 22, 

f. 32, and P. 42, f. 49. 
Blodius. Gules. 
Blood-colour. Sanguine. 
Blood-hound. P. 29, f. 18. 
Blood-hound on scent. P. 29, f. 17. 
Bloody. Is used by early Heralds to 

signify gules. 
Bloom, Blown, or Blossom. Flowers, 

Shrubs, and Plants v/nen bearing 

blossoms in their proper colours, are 

blazoned. Bloomed, Flowered, or 

Bludgeon. A club. P. 41, f, 48. 
Blue. Azure. 

Blue-Bell. Sc<; Bsllflow'srs. 
Blue-bottle. A Flower. P. 44, f. 19. 
Blue Ensign. See Ensign. 
Blue-Mantle. A title of one of the 

Pursuivants of Arms. 
Blunted, or Rounded. A cross so 

termed. P. 8, f. 41. 
Boa-Serpent. P. 30, f. 53. 
Boar. Also termed a Sanglier ; alwa37s 

understood to mean a Wild Boar. 

P. 29, f. 31. 

When said to be Bristled, expresses the 

hair on the neck and back ; Armed, the 

tusks ; Unguled, the hoofs. 
Boar's head couped. ib. f. 32. 
Boar's head erased, ib. 
Boar's head erect and erased, ib. 

f- 33- 
Boar's head erect in a cup. f. 34. 

Boar's head in a dish. f. 35. 

Boar's head and Neck couped. f. 36. 

Boards. See Playing Tables. 

Boats. Boats of various descriptions 

are met v/ith in Heraldry. P. 38, 

f. 34. P. 32, f. 27. 




BOAT-HoOK. P. 38, f. 34. 

Boatswain's Whistle. P. 38, f. 43. 

Bock. A kind of Deer. P. 29, f. 23. 

Bodkin. A Tailors bodkin. P. 42, 
f. 28. 

Body-Armour. P. 38, f. 13. 

Body-heart. See Heart. 

Boiling-pot. See Flesh-Pot. 

Bole, or Head. The seed pods of a 
plant as a Poppy-bole. P. 45, f. 12. 

Bolt. An arrow. P. 37, f. 22. 

Bolt. A door bolt. P. 42, f. 14. 

Boot, and Tun. Is a bird-bolt piercing 
a tun. P. 39, f. 37, No. 2. 

Bolt-Hedys. An ancient term for a 

Bolt-Prisoners. See Shackbolt. 

Boltant, or Bolting. A term applied 
to hares and rabbits, when springing 

Bomb-shell. Two examples of Bomb- 
shells inflamed. P. 37, f. 10. 

Bones, of various kinds are found in 
armoury ; Shin-bones, also termed 
Shankbone. See Shinbones and Jaw- 
bone. P. 42, f. 52. 

Bonfire. Called by Guillim " Fire- 
brands Flamant and Scintillant ppr." 

P- 43. f- 35- 
Bonnet. The cap of velvet within a 


Bonnet, or Cap. As borne by the 
family of Wingfield. P. 40, f. 50. 

Bonnet Electoral. P. 40, f. 56. 

Books. Are variously borne in Coat 
Armour, e.g. A Book expanded, or 
open, a Book closed garnished and 
clasped. P. 43, f. 31. 
On a Book open and garnished, on the 
dexter side seven seales, the words " Sapientia 
felicitas," sometimes " Dominus illuminatio 
mea," as in the Arms of the University of 
Oxford, f. 32. 

Bookbinder's polishing-iron. P. 41, 

Bookbinder's folding stick. P. 41, 

Book-Plates Heraldic A label on 
which the Armorial Bearings, name 
etc. are displayed. P. 47. 

Boot. A covering for the foot and 
leg. A Boot with Top and Spur. 
P. 38, f. 15. 

Border, Bordure. A Subordinary 
which surrounds the field, is of equal 
breadth, and takes up one fifth part 
of it, and is generally assumed, or 
granted as a difference ; charged 
border's may allude to maternal 
descent, when borne Componee to 

If a coat containing a Border, is impaled 
with another coat, it extends only to the 
line of imjDalement as P, 13, f. 43. If a 
Border is charged with bezants, plates, 
billets, or pellets, it is termed a bordure 
. bezantee, platee, billetee, and pellettee ; all 
other charges mnst be named with their 
tinctures. When a border is plain it is 
thus blazoned ; Sa. a bordure ar. P. 13, f. 1. 
The Border is subject to all the different 
forms of lines belonging to the Ordinaries, 
as the following examjjles. 
Border, barry. P. 13, f. 26. 

battled-embattled, or Battled 

GRADY. P. 13, f. 16. 

BENDY. P. 13, f. 28. 

BEZANTY. P. 13, f. 40. 

BILLETTY. P. I3, f. 4I. 

charged with another. P. 13, f. 35. 

charged with escallops. P. 13, f. 36. 
Other examples of Borders charged f. 37 to 
il, and at P. 35j f. 16. is a Border charged 
with the double tressure of Scotland. 

chequy. p. 13, f. 19. 

chevronny. p. 13, f. 2g. 

CU.Vll^UN tE, UI <^UMfU.\Y. P. I ^, f. 7. 

counter compony. P. 13, f. 13. 

crenellee. P. 13, f. 4. 

DEMI. P. 13, f. 32. 


f. 20. 

DOVETAIL. P. 13, f. 15. 

DOUBLE. P. 13, f. 31. 

EMBATTLED. P. I3, f. 4. 

embordered. p. 13, f. 31. 

ENALURON. P. I3, f. 37. 

OF England, and France. P. i 
f. 30. 

ENGRAILED. P. I3, f. 2 and 43. 

ENURNY. P. 13, f. 38. 

FlORY. p. 13, f. II. 

Fretty. p. 13, f. 42. 

Garnished. P. 13, f. 40. 

GoBONY. P. 13, f. 7. 

Impaled. Is cut off at the centre 
and not continued down tlie impaled 
line. P. 13, f. 43. 

Indented. P. 13, f. 10. 

Indented point in point. P. 13, 
f. 14. 

Indentee. p. 13, f. 18. 

and Inescutcheon. P. 13, f. 33. 
Invecked. p. 13, f. 3. 

Nebulee, or Nebuly. P. 13. f. 6. 

on. p. 13, f. 38. 

PALY. P. 13, f. 23. 

PARTED-INDENTED. Same as Border 
indented point in point. 

PER BEND. p. 13, f. 27. 

- PER border, p. 13, f. 17 and ^^. 

per fesse. p. 13, f. 25. 

per PALE. p. 13, f. 36. 







Border per Saltire, P. 13, f. 24. 

POINT IN POINT indented. P. 

f. 14. 

POTENTEE. P. 13, f. 12. 

Quarterly. P. 13, f. 22. 

Quarterly-quartered. P. 13, f. 

Rayonnee. p. 13, f. S. 

Surmounted of a Chief. P. 13, 
f. 44. 

Urdee. p. 13, f. g. 

Vair. p. 13, f. 5. 

Verdoy. p. 13, f. 39. 

within a border, p. 13, f. 35. 
Bordered, or Bordured. Edged with 

another tincture. P. 4, f. 5. 
Bordure. Same as Border. 
Bordure, or Berder. The old way of 

spelhng bordure. 
Bore. See Boar. 

Boschas. a Wild Duck. P. 31, f. 22. 
Boss of a Bit. As borne in the arms 

of the Bit-Makers Company, or 

Loriners. P. 37, f. si- 
Boteroll, Botteroll, Bauteroll, or 

Crampit. The steel niDunting at the 

bottom of the scabbard. P. 37, f. 33. 
Botone, Botonnee, Bottone, Bot- 

tony, or BuTTONY Cross. Also 

termed Cross trefflee. P. 10, f. 20. 
Botonner-masculed Cross. P. 8, 

f- 39- 
B.otonld. That which has at its ex- 
tremities round knots or buds like 

the trefoil. P. 10, f. 20. 
Bottle, blue. See Blue-bottle. 
Bottle, leather, or leathern. A 

bottle made of leather. P. 42, f. ig. 
Bottom. A ball of thread. P. 40, f. 3. 
BoTTONY. See Botone. 
Bouchiers-Knot. Is a knot of silk 

tied as P. 43, f. 10. 
BoucKYS. The ancient orthography 

for bucks. 
Bouget. See Water-Bouget. 
BoujON. An arrow with a broad head. 

A Bird-bolt. P. 37, f. 22. 
BouLT. See Bolt. 
Bourdon-staves, or 

Palmer's staff. 
Bourchier's Knot. 
Bourdonne Cross. 

Cross Pommettee, 

P. 10, f. 28. 
Bourdure. See Border. 
Bouse. A Water-bouget. P. 42, f. 20. 
Bow. Bows are of various descriptions, 

and in blazon must be named, as an 

Archers, String-bow, or Long-bow ; 

it must also be expressed whether 




The same as a 
or pomrnelle. 

bourderis. See 

they are bent, or unbent. If charged 
with an arrow and bent, they are 
blazoned as, a bow and arrow in full 
draught, also termed a drawn bow. 
P. 37, f. 18 and 24. A Cross bow 
bent, f. 23. When the string is of a 
different colour, the bow is said to be 
stringed, or strung. See Arbaleste. 

Bowed, or Embowed. Bent like a bow, 
or otherwise curved or curled. See 
Embowed. For Arms embowed see 
Blazon of Arms, at P. 36. For 
Serpents Bowed and Embowed, see 
Blazon P. 30. 

Bowen's Knot. A Knot of silk tied, 
as P. 43, f. 8. 

Bov/GET. See Water-Bouget. 

Bowl. A deep dish ; thereon a Boar's 
head couped. P. 29, f. 35. 

Boy. a naked boy is borne by several 
families, and a demi boy is the crest 
of Hay ley. 

Boy's-head; or Infant's head couped 
having a snake enwrapped about the 
neck. P. 36, f. 49. 

Box-Tree. P. 45, f. 48. 

Braced. The same as interlaced. 
P. 15, f. 40. 

Bracelet. An ornament for the arms. 
The barrulet is by some writers 
termed a bracelet. 

Bracket. See Rest. 

Brambls-v/reath. a crown of Thorns. 
P. 43, f. 3. 

Bramble, Bramblings, or Wild Rose. 
P. 44, f. 27. 

Branch. A branch if fructed, should 
consist of four leaves. P. 44, f. 53, 
if unfructed of nine. A slip of three 
leaves, f. 52. A sprig of five leaves, 
f. 39. Branch of Fir-Tree, f. 47. 

Branched. Spread like branches. 

Branches of Holly, Laurel, Southern- 
wood, Withered etc. see P. 44. 

Brand, Fire-brand. P. 41, f. 47, this 
is also called a Billet raguled and 
trunked inflamed on the top. 

Brassarts, or Brassets. Armour for 
the elbow. See Gardebras. 

Erased, or Brazed. See Braced. 

Brasier. a utensil to hold live coals. 
See Brazier-inflamed. 

Brasses, Sepulchral, monumental 
plates anciently called lattcn, often 
found in churches, and represent in 
their outline, or by engraving upon 
them the figure, and armorial bearings 
of the deceased. P. 3g, f. 20. 




Brassets. Vambraces, or Avant- 
BRACES. Pieces of armour for the 
arms. P. 38, f. g. See Vambraced. 

Brazier-inflamed. P. 39, f. 32. 

Bream. A fish. P. 32. f. 15. 

Breast. A woman's breast. P. 43, 

f- 34- 
Breast-plate. See Cuirass. P. 38, 


Breathing. A term applied to a stag 
at gaze. 

Brectesches. Parapets, or battle- 

Bret. See Brit. 

Bretesse, Bretessed, Brettessed, 
or Brettessee. A term used when 
a charge has battlements on each 
side, directly opposite each other. 
P. 3, f. 10; P. 14, f. 17. 

Brettepee. The same as Bretesse. 

Breys. See Barnacles. 

Brick, or Brique. Similar to the billet 
buL buuwing its thickness in per- 

Brick-axe, or Bricklayer's axe. P. 41, 
f. 21. 

Brick-kiln. P. 41, f. 46. 

Bridled. Having a bridle on ; as a , 
horse's head bridled. P. 27, f. 35. 

Bridge. Bridges in coat armour are 
of various forms, with one, two, or 
three arches, in blazon tiie number 
must be named, as a bridge of three 
arches, &c., P. 23, f. 19 and 20. 

Brigandine. p. 38, f. 8. SeeHxBERGO-s. 

Brill. A fish. P. 32, f. 21. 

Brimsey. The same as Gad-bee. P. 30, 
f. 21. 

Brinded, or Breexded. Spotted. Ap- 
plied only to animals. 

Brindled. Same as Brinded. 

Brise, or Brisee. Broken. 5^e Rompu. 

Bristled. A term to express the hair 
on the neck and back of a boar, when 
of a different tincture from the body. 

Brisure, Brizure, or Brisures. 
equivalent to the term Difference in 
marks ol Cadency. P. 46. 

Brit, Bret, or Burt. A fish of the 
herring kind. P. 32, f. 44a. 

Broad-Arrow. Similar to the Pheon, 
but having the insides of the barbs 
plain. P. 37, f. 17. 

The Broad arrow is the Eoyal mark on all 
Government stores &c. It was the regal 
badge of Richard I. 

Broad-axe. P. 37, f. 28. 
Broach, or Broche. An instrument 
used by embroiders. P. 41, f. 44. 

Brochant sur le tout. When one 

charge rests upon any other as the 

Fesse at P. 3, f. 31. 
Brock. See Badger. 
Brocket. A young stag so blazoned 

in the arms of Hanney. 
Brogue, or Irish-brogue. A kind of 

shoe. P. 19, f. 38. 
Broken, splintered, shivered, or 

FRACTED. p. 4, f. 31; P. 37, f. II. 

Bronchant. a term used by some 
authors to denote the situation of any 
beast, when placed on a field strewed 
with fleur-de-lis ; by others it is con- 
sidered equivalent to "over-all." 

Broom, or Besom. P. 42, f. 49. 

Broom-plant, or Planta-genista. P. 25, 
f. 6 & 9. The Badge of Plantagenet. 

Broom-plant, Broom-sprig, Broom- 
branch, and Broom-flower. P. 44, 
f. 42. 

Brow- Antler, or Browantltrr. The 
first branch of the horn of a buck. 

Browsing. The mode of eating of a 
Graminiverous animal. P. 28, f. 48. 

Bruised. The same as Debruised. 

Brumsey. a Gad-Fly. P. 30, f. 21. 

Brush. See Block-Brush, P. 42, f. 49. 
Treble-flat-Brush, P. 41, f. 42. 

Brusk. The same as Tenne. 

Bubble, Water-Bubbles. Borne by 
the name of Aire, and Bubbleward. 
P. 22, f. 14. 

Buck. See Stag. 

Bucket. Is variously depicted. See 
P- 39> f- 35 and 36. 

Buckle, also termed Fermaile, or 
Femaille. The emblem of Fidelity 
and Firmness. 

In Armoury these are of various shapes ; In 
blazoning them this must be named; as a 
lozengy-buckle tongue-fessways. P. 42, 
f. 15. An oval -buckle and round-buckle 
tongue pendent, f. 15. A mail, or square- 
buckle, a buckle of an heart shape tongiie 
pendent, a round-buckle tongue erect, and a 
belt-buckle. P^4i2, f. 16. The last example 
at f . 16 is also termed a gar-buckle. 

Buckled. When a belt, band, or collar, 
etc. is depicted as fastened with a 
buckle, it is said to be buckled, as a 
garter-buckled. P. 42, f. 17. 

Buckler, Target, Targe, or Shield. 
A piece of defensive armour, is de- 
picted in various shapes. P. i, P. 43, 
f. 58. 

Bud. Flowers in the bud, or budding, 
occur in arms. P. 45, f. 10. 

Budget. See Water-Bouget. 


Buffalo. A Wild ox. P. 28, f. 35. In 
old blazon, Bulls heads are frequently 
termed Buffaloe ; heads. 

Buffalo's Head Cadossed. P. 22, 
f. 30. 

Bugle-Horn, or Hunting-horn, also 
termed Planchet. P. 43, f. 21, No. 4. 
When said to be strung and garnished it is 
represented as f. 24. The Garnishing con- 
sit'ts of verolls round the horn, and is some- 
times termed vc-rolled, when there is no 
Hiring it is sometimes blazoned a Bugle- 
horn sa.n3 strings. 

Bull, Of very frequent use in Arnioury 
A Bull pass. P. 28, f. 32. 

Bull, winged. Also termed a Flying- 
Bull. P. 28, f. 31. 

Bull's Head Cabossed. P. 22, f. "31, 
and P. 28, f. 34. 

Bull's head erased. P. 28, f. 33. 
Bull's head couped. P. 22, f. 32. 

Bull's leg and Bull's foot. P. 31, 
f. 22 and 23. 

Bull's scalp. P. 31, f. 17. 

Bull-dog. P. 29, f. 24. 

Bull-finch. A singing-bird. P. 33, 
f. 49. 

Bullet. The same as Pellet, and 
Ogress. P. I. 

Termed by ancient heralds, Gunstones ; 
they are sometimes blazoned Copper-cakes 
as in the arms of Chambers^ T tlainb when 
so blazoned ought to be painted Copper- 

Bullrush. An aquatic plant. P. 44, 

f. 48. 
Bunch, or Cluster. Fruits, flowers, 

etc. are frequently borne in bunches, 

or clusters. 

Bundle of Laths. As borne in the 
arms of the Bricklayers Company. 
P. 41, f. 58. 

Bunting bird, or Chaffinch. P. 34, f. 

54- . 

Buoy. A floating body employed to 

point out the particular situation of 

anything under water. P. 38, f. 44. 
Bur, or Burr. A bi^oad ring of iron 

behind tp^e pla.ce made for the hand 

on the tilling spear. 
Burbot, or Coney-Fhh. P. 32, f. 37. 
Burdock, or Bur-leaf. P. 45, f. 26. 
Bur of Burdock. P. 44, f. 44. 
Burdon. a Pilgrim's staff. P. 42, 

Burelle. a term to express barry. 

Bup.gandine. See PIabergeon. 

Burganet, or Burgonet. A steel cap 

or helmet. P. 38, f. 6. 

Burling-iron. An instrument used by 

24 CAB 

Burning-bush, also called Moses' bush, 
and a Flaming-bush. P. 45, f. 59. 

Burning-Lamp. P. 39, f. 26, No. 2. 

Burr. A rough prickly covering of 
the seed of certain plants. P. 44, 
f. 44. A Burr proper as borne by the 
name of Jason. 

Burs of Burdock. P. 44, f. 44. 

Burst, Split, or Open. Also termed 
disjointed, fracted, or severed. P. 16, 


Brush, or Brush of a Fox. The tail. 

Bush. A Burning-bush. P. 45, f. 59. 

Buskins, or Gamashes. A kind of 
hose, or stocking, either laced, but- 
toned, or buckled ; they reach from 
half way up the leg, to the instep. 
Sec Greave, p. 38, f. 14. 

Bust. The head to tiie breast. P. 36, 

f. 36. . 
Bustard. A bird. P. 33, f. 56. 
Butcher's axe, or Slaughter axe. 

Weavers. P. 

41 = 

P. 22, ' 


Butcher's Knife. P. 41, f. 20. 

Butt. A fish. P. 32, f. 11. 

Butt. See Barrel. 

Butterfly. As in tlio arms of Becston, 

Butterfield, Door, Foster, Papillion, 

etc. P. 30, f. 23. 
Butteris. An instrument used by 

Farriers. P. 41, f. 34. 
Buttfish. p. 32, f. 10. 
Buttoned. Ornamented buckles in 

armoury are said to be buttoned, 

garnished, or studded. 
Button Tasselled. The same as a 

Ball tassdled. P. 40, f. 23. 


NEE FLORY. See Cross. P. 10, f. 20. 
Buzzard. Same as Kite. P. 33, f. 60. 

Cable. The rope affixed to an anchor 
as P. 38, f. 41. 

Cable, or Cablee. As a Cross Cablee 
or Corded. P. 7, f. 18. 

Caboshed, Caboched, Cabossed, or 
Cabosed. Terms to express the 
heads of Deer, Bulls, Goats, etc., 
when cut off and set full faced, with- 
out an}^ part of the neck being left. 
P. 28, f. 34, 38, and 58. 
Cabossed does not apply to a Leopard's face. 
P. 28, f. 4. 

Cabre, Effray, or Forcene. Terms 
applied to a horse rising on its hind 
legs. P. 27, f. 26. 


Cadency, or Differencing. Marks of 
Distinction by v/hich different mem- 
bers and branches of a family are 
distinguished. 5^^ P. i6, f. 40 to 45, 
and Distinction of Houses at P. 46. 
Cadency, or Differencing effected in the 
early dpys of Coat Armour; By changing 
the tincture of the field By changing the 
tincture of the charges By dividing the 
shield by different lines of partition By 
diminishing the number of the principal 
figures (very rare) By altering their po- 
sition By surrounding the original charges 
with a bordure all these modes have fallen 
into disuse. ISee the term Label. 

Cadet. A junior member or branch of 
a family. 

Caduceus, or Mercury's Mace, or 
Wand ; termed sometimes Snaky- 
staff, and Mercury's Soporiferous rod. 
The emblem of peace, depicted as 

P. 30, f. 56. 

It is frequently boms with a cap (called the 

Petasus P. 38, f. 4.) on the top of the staff. 
Caffar. Negro, Moor, etc. in Heraldry 

are depicted in the same way. 
Calamine-Stone. Forms part of the 

Crest of the Mineral Company. P. 42, 

f. 60. 
Caldron. A metal kettle, or boiler. 

P. 41, f. 16. 
Calopus. " une Calopus autrement dit 

Chatloup d'or et de sable esquartele 

les cornes aussi esquartelees." The 

Badge of Folejambe of Walton co. 

Derby, Esquiie of the King's Body 

9 June 1513. P. 29, f. 7. 
Calf. P. 28, f. 30. 
Calthrop. See Galtrap. 
Caltrap, Caltrop, Cheval-trap, or 

Galtrap. Refer to this last term. 
Calvary Cross. P. 8, f. 33. 
Camail. a small kind of Mantle, it 

hung down from the Basinet and 

covered the Mail to the. neck and 

shoulders. Same as Contoise. P. 25a, 

Camel. A Camel and Camel's head are 

borne by many families. P. 27, f. 48. 
Cameleon. Is depicted as P. 30, f. 9 ; 

and when blazoned ppr. is coloured 

pale green. 

The Cameleon is the emblem of inconstancy. 

Camelopard. May appropriately be 
borne by those who have distinguished 
themselves in Africa. P. 27, f. 50. 

Camelopardel. Is like the Camelopard 
but with two long horns curved back- 

Camomile. A plant. P. 45, f. 4. 

Camp, Compon, or Campone. The same 
as Componee, or Gobony. 

25 CAN 

Campaned, or Campanes. Bells pend- 
ent from a fesse, bar, or file are termed 
Campaned ; the number must be 
named. P. 16, f. 37. 

Canary. Bird. P. 34, f. 47. 

Cancer. See Crab, 

Candle-extinguisher. A hollow coni- 
cal utensil to put on a candle to ex- 
tinguish it. P. 43, f. 35, borne by 
the family of Brown, of Great Yar- 

Candlesticks. Also termed Taper 
Candlestick. A utensil to hold a 
candle. P. 39, f. 27 and 28. 

Canelle. The same as invecked, or 
invected. P. i. 

Cannet. a duck v/ithout feet or beak. 
P. 34, f. 60. borne by the name of 

Cannon. Is always understood to be 
mounted. P. 37, f. 4. 

Cannon mounted in perspective. 
P- 37) f- 5- '^^^ Culverin and a Ship 
Gun carriage with ordnance m.ounted. 

Cannoned. Bells are said to be can- 
noned v/hen the tongues are of a 
different tincture to the bell. See 

Canopy, or Stall. As in the arm.s of 
the See of Tuam. P. 43, f. 53. 

Canting Arms. See Allusive Arms. 

Canton. One of the Sub-Ordinaries, 
and is alwa3^s understood to occupy 
the dexter-chief of the escutcheon, 
unless termed a Sinister Canton, and 
to possess only the third part of the 
Chief. P. ig, f. 36 , P. 2, f. 44. 
Canton, indented. P. ig, f. 37. Can- 
ton per-chevron, f. 38. On a Canton, 
f. 39. Canton in dexter base, f. 40. 
Canton of St. George. Is a silver 
canton charged with a red-cross. 
This is sometimes blazoned a Canton 
of the Red Cross. 
Cantoned, or Cantonnee. The same 

as between. P. 20, f. 38. 
Cantoned-bar. That is a bar cantoned 
in the same manner as a Cantoned- 
Cantoned-fesse, or Fesse Cantoned. 
Is a fesse joined to a canton. P. 4, 

f, 40. 

When borne of the sa^me metal or colour, 
should be united without any division. 
Cantoned-lambeaux, or lambeaux can- 
toned. A term to express one or 
more of the feet of the label when 
charged with a canton. P. 16, f. 44. 




Cap-a-pie. i.e. completely armed from 

head to foot. 

A Chevalier armed Cap-a-pie P. 30, f. 27. 
Cap. Various descriptions of Caps are 

found in Armoury. P. 40, f. 49^ to 

60. Also the cap of velvet which 

covers the head within the rirn, or 

circle of the crown, as that of Peers. 

P. 24, f. I to 5, and f. 42 to 46. 
Cap of Dignity, or Maintenance. 

Also termed a Ducipher. See Chapeau 
Cap of the Lord Mayor of London. 

P. 40, f. 56. 
Caparisoned. A term to express a 

War-horse completely accoutred, or 

armed for the field. 
Capital. The head of a column. P. 43, 

f. 50. 
Capital Cross. P. 10, f. 22. 
Cappeline. See Lambrequin. 
Capon. A cock without wattles, etc. 
Carbuncle. See Escarbuncle. 
Card. The four ace cards. P. 22, 

f. 20. Borne in the arms of the 

Card Makers' Company. 
Card. A Wool-card. P. 40, f. 10. 

Cardinal's Cap, or Hat. P. 40, f. 60. 

A Cardinal's Hat is red, The Archbishops 

of France bear a hat of this description over 

their arms, but its colour is vert, and it has 

only four rows of tassels ; Abbots bear the 

same sable with three rows of tassels. 

Careering, or Cariering. Applied to 

a horse in a position of a lion saliant. 

Carnat. Flesh coloured. 

Carnation, or Pink. A flower. P. 44, 

f. 20. 
Carp. A fish, P. 32, f. 29. 
Carpenter's-compasses. An instru- 
ment consisting of two pointed legs 
or branches joined at tlie top. P. 41, 
f. 31. 
Carpenter's-square. p. 41, f. 23. 
Cartouche. An oval shield. 
Cart-Wheel. p. 41, f. 53. 
Cask, Barrel, or Tun. P. 39, f. 37. 
Casque. A helmet, generally without 

a visor. 
Cassowary. See Emu. 
Casterense Crown. See Crown 

Castle. The emblem of safety. Castles 
are of different forms fn armoury, 
when mentioned as Castles are always 
borne as at P. 23, f. 7. 
If the cement is of a different tincture from 
the Castle itself, it must be named, and the 
castle is said to be masoned of such a tinc- 
ture. The Windows and Ports, when of a 

different colour, must be expressed ; when 
supposed to be open, they should be 
described " voided of the field." When 
the port is defended by a portcullis it must 
be named in the blazon. Examples of 
Castles. See P. 23. 
Cat. The domestic Cat occurs as an 
Heraldic bearing, borne by Catton, 
Cat-a-Mountain, or Wild-Cat. The 
emblem of vigilance and courage. 
P. 28, f. 26 and f. 27. 
Cat, Civet. See Civet-Cat. P. 28, 

f. 28. 
Caterfoil, or Quaterfoil. Four 
leaved grass. P. 44, f. 16. Double 
Caterfoil. f. 13. 
Caterfoil, or Quarterfoil Slipped. 

P. 44, f. 16, No. 2 and 3. 
Catherine-Wheel. So called from 
St. Catherine whom the pagans at- 
tempted to put to death by a wheel 
of this kind, P. 41, f. 54. 
Catoose, or Scroll. Anciently 
written scrowle ; a Cross Catoose, 
or Catoosed. P, 11, f, 31, 
Caude, See Coward. 
Caul, or Cowl. A Monk's-hood. P. 36, 

Cave. Wild animals are sometimes 
met with in Coat Armour, represented 
as issuing from a Cave. P. 2, f. 51. 

Ceckko, or Checche. An ancient 
term for Chequy, 

Cedar. An evergreen tree. P. 45, 
f. 44. 

Celestial Crown. P. 24, f, 33, 

Celestial Globe, or Sphere, P. 39, 

f. 5. 
Centaur. An imaginary creature 

representing half a man and half a 

horse. P. 27, f. 40. 
Centre, or centre-point. The middle 

or fesse point. 
Cercele, Cercelee, or Recercelee. 

Applied to a Cross curling at the 

ends. P. II, f. 32. 
Cercle. Within a circle or diadem, 

or having a diadem. 
Ceres. The Goddess of Corn, repre- 
sented holding a garb of corn in 

dexter arm and sickle in the sinister 

Cerise. A Torteau. 
Chabot. a fish. P. 32, f, 45, 
Chad, St, Cross of. P. 11, f. 13. 
Chafant. Enraged applied to the 

wild boar. 
Chaffinch. A bird. P. 34, f. 54. 


Chains are frequently borne in the 
shield as a charge, or are attached 
to the Crest or Supporters as P. 21, 
f. 21 ; P. 18, f. 21. 

A Cross of four chains square linked, fixed 
to an annulet in fesse P. 8, f. 11. A Saltire 
of Chains P. 20, f. 44. A Chain enarched, 
or in arch P. 42, f. 31. A Circular Chain and 
a circular chain within another. P. 42, f. 31. 

Ch.-\ined and Collared. Animals 

having a collar with a chain attached 

are said to be collared and chained. 

P. 21, f. 21. 
Chain-shot. Bullets united with a 

chain. P. 37, f. 8. 

The other example is an Heraldic chain 

shot, and by old authors called a Murthering 

Chain shot, borne by Clifford. 
Chalice. A cup. P. 42, f. 26. 
Chamber-piece. A piece of ordnance 

without the carriage. P. 37, f. 4 

and f. 6. 
Chame. An annulet with a sharp rising 

point on one side. 
Chamelion. See Camelion. 
Chamfrain, or Chamfron. Armour 

for the head of a horse. P. 38, f. 12. 
Chamois. An animal which inhabits 

the Alpine mountains. P. 28, f. 40. 
Champagne, Champaigne, Champain, 

or Champion. Same as Urdee, or 

Warriated. P. 4, f. 22 ; P. 17, f. 19 ; 

P. 15, f. 19. 
Champion. A Knight, or Chevalier, 

wdio challenges the combat to avenge 

the cause of another. 
Chape, Boteroll, or Bouterolle. 

The mounting at the bottom of the 

scabbard. P. 37, f. 33. 
Chapeau. a cap. Also termed a 

Ducipher ; and cap of maintenance. 

P. 40, f. 54. 
Chapeau-de-fer. a Morion. P. 38, 

f. 2. ^ 

Chapel. As in the arms of Chapel, 

Lerrier, etc. P. 23, f. 25. 
Chaperon, Chapourn, or Shafferoon. 

A term applied to the small shields 

which contain either the Crest, 

deaths-head, or other device. 

These are placed on the foreheads of the 

horses drawing the hearse at funerals, and 

are so called because they were fastened to 

the Chaperon, or hood, worn over the heads 

of the horses, with other state coverings. 

Chaperonne, that is Hooded. A Chief 

Chaperonne. P. 12, f. 39. 
Chaplet. Garland, or wreath of 

flowers, laurel, oak, olive, etc. 

A Chaplet of Roses, in Heraldry, is always 

composed of four roses and the rest leavCg 

as P. 24, f. 41. 

27 CHE 

Chapournet, or Chaperonnet. A chief 
divided by a curved line, as ar. a chief 
gu. charged with a Chapournet, or 
Shapournett erm. P. 12. f. 39. 

Chapournet reversed in chief, or a 
Chapournated-chief. p. 12, f. 40. 

Chappe. To express the field when 
divided the same as Tierce-in-Mantle. 
P. 21, f. 36. 

Chappe. A cross chape, or chappe, is 
the same as double fitchee. P. 8, f. 

Chappeau. See Chapeau. 

Charboncle. See Escarbuncle. 

Charge. In this term is included all 
kinds of figures whatever they may be, 
which are in the field of the Escut- 

Charged. A term applied to either the 
shield, or any bearing whatever when 
any device is placed on it. P. 2, f. 45. 

Charger. A dish. See St. John the 
Baptist's head in a charger. P. 35, f. 


Charlemagne Crown of. P. 25, f. i, 

and P. 31, f. 9 and 10, borne in the 
arms of five kings of England as arch- 
treasures of the Holy Roman Empire. 

Charnell. Flesh coloured, or ppr. 

Chart. See map. 

Chatloup. See Calopus. 

Chatter, or Chatterer. The same 
as Lark. P. 33, f. ^y. 

Chausse. Shod and denotes a section 
in base. P. 22, f. 8. 

Chausse-Trap. See Galtrap. 

Chausses. Armour for the legs and 
feet, sometimes of two pieces joined 
at the knee by garters. P. 39, f. 20. 
No. 8. 

Checky, Checkie,Chequy, Checkered, 
Chequered, Cheque, Chequee or 
Checquy. a term to express the 
field, or any bearing, when divided 
into small squares of alternate tinc- 
tures, and must consist of three or more 
rows, P. 2, f. 37. P. 4, f. 44. P. 
7, f. 15. P. 19, f. 35. 

Cheeche. Same as Checky. 

Cheese-Slip, or Wood-Louse. P. 30, 
f. 7. 

Checkers. Same as Checky. 

Chef, or Chefe. See Chief. 

Chekere. See Checky. 

Chene. An oak. P. 45, f. 31. 

Cheque. See Checky. 

Chequered, or Checkered. Covered 
with rows of Checkers. P. 20, f. 7. 

Cheques. Four pieces of Cheques, 
same as P. 2, f. 19. 




Cherry Tree. P. 45, 1. 40. 
Cherry-branch. P. 44, f. 35. 
Cherub, or Angel. A child's head 
betw. two wings. P. 36, f. 52, A 
Seraph or Seraphim has three pairs 
of wings. P. 36, f. 57. 
Cherubim. P. 36, f. 53. 
Chess-Rook, or Chesse-Rook. One 
of the pieces used in the game of 
Chess. P. 43, f. 49. 
Cheval-trap. See Galtrap. 
Chevalier, or Knight on Horseback, 
completely armed. P. 36, f. 27. The 
Crest of Duff. Upon a wreath 
of the colours, on a horse in full 
gallop ar. bridled sa. and with 
mantling gu., semee of escutcheons 
or, each charged with a lion ramp, 
of the third, a chevalier armed cap- 
a-pie, on his helmet his crest viz. 
a demi lion ramp, gu., in his right 
hand a sv/ord, on his sinister arm, a 
shield, charged as the escutcheons. 
Chrvelee. Streaming, i.e. the streams 
of light issuing from a comet. P. 23, 
Cheveron, or Chevron. One of the 
honourable ordinaries, and occupies 
one third of the field, as Ar. a chev. 
gu. P. 15, f. I. 

]\)iTninutive3 of the chev., are frequently met 
with, and, when placed at equal distances 
frooi each other, are blazoned Cheveronels, 
as, or three chevronels gu. f. 41. If borne 
in pairs they are termed Couple-close, f. 4, 
and when a chev. is placed between them, 
it may be blazoned either a .chev. betw. 
two couple-closes, or a chev. cottised. f. 38. 

Cheveron, Abaisse, or in base. P. 15, 

f- 37- 
Chevron, Arched. P. 16, f. 12. 

Between. P. 8, f. 21 ; P. 15, f. 38. 

BoRDURED, or Fimbriated. P. 15, 

f. 8. 

and BoRDURE. P. 16, f. 27. 

Erased, or Braced. The same as 
Interlaced. P. 15, f. 40. 

Brettessed. p. 15, f. 16. 

Brisse. P, 16, f. 4. 

Burst, or Split at the Top. Also 
termed disjointed, or fracted. P. 16, 

f. 3. 

Champaine, or Urdee. P. 15, f. 20. 

Charged with Another. P. 15, 

Charged with three escallops, or 
On a chevron three escallops. 
P. 16, f. 24. 

Cottised. P. 15, f. 38. 






Chevron, Couchant, or Couched. Is 
springing from the dexter, or sinister 
side. P. 16, f. 13. 

Couched. P. 16, f. 13. 

Counter-embattled. P. 15, f. 14. 

COUPED, or HUMETTEE. P. I5, f. 12. 

Coupled, or Paired. Resembles a 
Fesse dancettee, but has only two 
dancets. P. 3, f. 45. 

Crenellee. p. 15, f. 13. 

Debruised, or Fracted. Also 
termed a broken chev. P. 16, f. 2. 

Demi. May be either dexter, or 
sinister. P. 16, f. 6. 

Disjointed, or Brisss. i.e. Burst. 
P. 16, f. 4. 

Disjointed and Crossed. P. 16, 

f. 7. 

Double Escartelee. P. 15, f. 29. 

Dovetailed. P, 15, f. 24. 

Embattled. P. 15, f. 13. 

Embattled arondie. P. 15, f. 22. 

Embattled, counter-embattled. 
P. 15, f. 14. 

P. 15, f. 30. 
P. 15, f. 32, and 33. 

P. 15, f- 5- 
P. 15, f. 36. 
P. 15, f. 35. 

Eclate. P. 16, f. 3. 

Escartelee-double, or Griece. 

P. i5>f- 29. 

and Fesse, or a Chevron surmount- 
ed- with a fesse. P. 16, f. 19. 

Fimbriated, or Bordered. P. 15, 
f. 8. 

Flamant. p. 15, f. 23. 

Flory at the top. p. 16, f. 29. 

Fretted with a Fesse. P. 16, f. 

Fracted. P. 16, f. 2. 

Grady, formed of ascents like steps. 

P. 15, f- 15- 

Grady on both sides. P. 15, f. 28. 

Griece. P. 15, f. 29, 

Hacked and Hewed. P. 15, f. 27. 

Humettee, or Couped. P. 15, f. 

In Base. P. 15, f. 37. 

In Chief, i.e. placed high up in 
field. P. 15, f. 36. 

In point embowed. P. 15, f. 31. 

Inarched. P. 15, f. 32, and 33. 
Indented. P. 15, f. 25. 

Indented embowed. P. 15, f. 27. 

Invecked. p. 15, f. 6. 

Lozengy. p. 2, f. 45. 

Mascle-head. p. 16, f. 28. 

Nebulee. p. 15, f. 26. 

On a chev. p. 16, f. 24. 




P. 16, 
P. 16, 

P. 15, 

Chevron open at the top, or burst. 
P. 16, f. 3. 

Oppressed, or Surmounted. P. 16, 
f. 19. 

Paletted, or chev. and palet con- 
joined. As two chevrons and palet 
conjoined, P. 16, f. 8. 

Pattee at the point, p. 15, f. 35. 

IN Point embowed. P. 15, f- 31. 

per-pale. p. 16, f. 25. 

per-pale and per chevron. 
f. 26. 

Pierced with an arrow. 

f. 17. 
Pierced VvTth a bend. P. 16, 1. 16. 

Pierced with a barrulet debruised 
on the sinister side, P. 16, f. 15, 

Pierced with a Fesse debruised on 
the sinister side. P. 16, f. 22. 

and Pile counterchanged. P. 6, 
f. 32. 

Potent. P. 15, f. 17. 

f. 18, 

Potent, ringed at the 
More properly a Cliev. potent at tlie 
point and ringed. P. 15, f. 3.5.. 

- Quarterly. P. 16, f. 26. 

Removed. P. 16, f. 5. 

Recoursie, Clechee, or Percee. 
P. 15, f. 7. 

Reversed. P. 15, f, 43. 

RoMPU, double-dov/ncet, double- 
downsett, or Coppee. P. 16, f. i. 

Severed, or Burst. P. 16, f. 3. 

Split. P. 16, f. 3. 

Supported with a beam and Stand- 
ard, P. 16, f. g. 

Surmounted. P. 16, f. 19. 

Surmounted of another. P. 15, 


Triparted, or Treble-parted. 

P. 15, f. 39. 

Urdee. p. 15, f. 19. 

Urdee Champained. P. 15, f. 20. 

Voided of another engrailed. 
P. 15, f. 10. 

Voided. Cannot be distinguished 
from Couple-closes, P. 15, f. 4 
and II, 

Per or Per-Chevron, or Party per 
chevron. Expresses the field or 
any charge when divided by such a 
line as helps to make the Chevron. 
P. 2, f, 4, and P, 16, f. 30 and 31. 
These lines are siibject to all the accidental 
forms of lines, as Per Chev. Engrailed, In- 
vecked, Nebulee, Wavy, etc. Per. chev. 
crenellee f . 32. 

PER and pile. p. 6, f. 43. Per Pale 
and per chevron, P. 2, f, 8, 

Chevronelly, See Chevronny. 

Chevronel, or Cheveronel, A dimi- 
nutive of the Chevron. P, 15, f. 2. 
Three cheveronels f. 41. Three cheveronels 
braced f. 40. 

Chevronels, or Cheveronels braced, 
or interlaced. P. 15, f, 40. 

Chevronny, Cheveronny, or Chev- 
ERONEE. A term to express the field 
or any bearing, when divided into 
equal parts by lines in the form of 
chevrons, the number of pieces must 
be named. P. 16, f. 33. 

Chsvronways, or Cheveronwise. 
When figures or charges are placed 
in the position of the chevron. 

Chevrons, two arched, couched, 
springing from the dexter and sinister 
sides of the shield. P. 16, f. 10. 

Chevron's, two arched, couched and 

FRETTED. P, l6, f, II, 

Chevrons, two Couched, dexter and 

SINISTER, P, 15, f. 45. 

Chevrons, two in Counterpoint. 
P. 15, f, 44. 

Chevrons, two in Fret. P. 5, f. 42. 

Chevrons, couched, fretted and 
couped. p. 16, f, 14. 

Chevrons three, P, 16, f. 23, 

Chevin. Se; Chub, 

Chewerond, A Cheveron, 

Cheyne, See Chene, 

Cheynyd. Same as chained. 

Chief, from the French Chef. Which 
means the head or uppermost position 
of the shield. It is one of the honour- 
able Ordinaries and occupies one third 
cf the upper part of the fi.eld. P. 12, 

f. I. 

Gu. a Chief or. The Arms of Hampstead. 

The Chief may be of any of the forms of 

lines used in heraldry. 

When the Chief is Charged with any figure, 

in blazon it is said to be " On a Chief" P. l:i, 

f. 2. But when any charge is placed in the 

upper part of the shield, in the place of the 

Chief it is said to be " In Chief" i. 3. 

Chief Ajoure. P. 22, f. 9, 

Angled, P. 12, f. 20. 

Arched, f. 37. 

Arched Double, f. 38, 

Beveled, f, 22, 

Bordered, or Bordured. f. 24. 

Champaine, f. 8. 

Champournet. f. 39. Champourn- 

ated, f. 40, 

Chappe. f, 43. 

Charged, f. 25, 28, 33 and 45. 

Charged Vv'ith a Chapournet, 

:. f. 39. 

Chausse, p. 22, f, 8. 




f- 33- 

Chief Convex. P. 12, f. 37. 

CouPED. f. 23. 


Cousu. f. 24. Same as Rempli. 

COUVERT. f. 2g. 

Crenellee. f. 14. 

Dancette. f. 7. 

Dovetailed, f. 9. 

WITH ONE Dovetail, f. i5. 

Embattled, f. 14. 

Embattled-rebated. f. 8. 


Enmanche. f. 43. 

Engrailed, f. 4. 

Escartelee, or one Enibattlement 
in a chief, f. 17. 

Flecked, or Arched, f. 37. 

Flory-counterflory. f. 44. 

with Fillet. 

Inclave, f, 36 
Indent, or of one Indent, f. 27. 

Indented, f. 13. 

Invecked, or Invected. f. 5. 
- Lambeaux, or Lable. f. 16. 

Lowered, or Removed, f. 31. 

Nebulee, or Nebuly. f. ii. 

NowED. f. ig. 

Pattee, or Dovetail, f. g. 

with one Pattee, Dovetail, or 
Lable. f. 16. 


Pierced, f. 42. 

Point in point, f. 41. 

Potent, or Counter-potent, f. 10. 

Quarterly, f. 10. 

Quarterly, Flory-counterflory at 
the bottom, f. 44. 

- Rayonne, Rayed, or Raisie. f. 12. 

Rect-angled. f. 20. 

Removed, f. 31. 

Rempli. f. 24. 

Revestu. f. 34. 

Shapournett. f. 39. 


Surmounted, f. 33. 
Undee, f. 6. 

Urdee. f. 8. 

Vestu, or Revestu. f. 34. 

Vestu-sinister. f. 35. 

Wavy, or Undee. f. 6. 

Chief Points. The Chief, or upper 
part of the shield contains three 
points, viz. The Dexter chief point ; 
The middle chief point ; and Sinister 
chief point ; as P. i, marked A. B.C. 

Child's Head, couped enwrapped about 
the neck with a snake. P. 36, f. 4g. 

Chimera. A fabulous beast. P. 26, 
f. 58. 

f. 30. 

Chimerical. A term applied to any 
imaginary figure. 

China Cocoa-Tree. P. 45, f. ^^. 

Chinese-Dragon. P. 25, f. 7. 

Chipping axe. See Axe. 

Chisel, or Chizzel. A sharp cutting 
instrument. P. 41, f. 30. 

Chives-Tipt. Part of a flower some- 
times described in Heraldry like the 
seeds of a rose. 

Chough. See Cornish Chough. 

Christed-imbattled. See Imbattled- 


Christiferus. The bearer of the 

Standard in which was displayed the 

figure of Christ on the Cross. 
Chronel. See Cronel. 
Chrystals. Used in blazoning the 

arms of Peers instead of pearl for 

Chub, or Chevin. A Fish. P. 32, 

f. 34a. 
Church, and parts of Churches are met 

with in Armour. P. 23, f. 24, and 

f. 23. 
Church Bell. See Bells. 

Church-Spire, or Steeple. P. 32, 
f. 23. 

CiMETER. Same as Scymetar. P. 38, 
f. 22. 

CiMiER. Crest. 

Cinabar, or CiNABRE. Gulcs. 

Cinctured. Girt, or encircled. 

Cinnamon leaves. P. 44, f. 36. 

Cinople, or SiNOPLE. Vert. 

CiNQUEFoiL, Cinqfoil, or Quinterfoil. 
Five leaved grass. P. 44, f. 16, No. 4. 
Cinquefoil pierced, f. 17, No. 2. 

Cinque-foyle. The same as Cinque- 

CiRCELEE, as a Cross Sarcelly, or Sar- 

CELLE. p. 7, f. 20. 

Circle of Chains. Sec Chains. 

Circle of Glory. The nimbus or ring 
of light placed round, or over the 
head of Saints, etc. 

The Holy Lamb is always represented with 
a circle of glory as P. 29, f. 4. The Sept- 
Insular Lion is represented with a Glory as 
P. 26, f. 47. See also the Bull with a circle 
of glory ppr., the Crest of the Butchers' 
Company. P. 28, f. 31. A Circle of Glory 
also termed radiant or rayonnant as St. 
John's head, in a charger and represented 
as P. 35, f. 33. 

Circle of Gold. See Crowns. 
Circle of the Zodiac, or a Fesse 

Hemisphere. P. 3, f. 2g. 
Circled, or surrounded with rays. 

P. 23, f. 36. 




Circular Wreath, and an Oval 
Wreath. P. 43, f. 45. 

CiRcuLET. Coronet, which see. 

CiRcuMFLEXANT. Bent, Bo\ved round, 
or about. 

Citadel. A Citadel witli two towers, 
ports shut. P. 23, f. 14, 

Citrox-Tree. Same as Apple Tree. 

Civet Cat, P. 28, f. 28. 

Civic-Cap. The State Cap of the Lord 
Mayor of London. P. 40, f. 56. 

Civic Crown, wreath or garland com- 
posed of oak leaves and acorns. 
P. 24, f. 39. 

Clam. An Escallop. 

Clarenceux. The title of one of the 
Kings of Arms. 

Clarendon, Claricimbal, Clavecim- 
BAL. See Clarion. 

Claricord, Clarion, or Rest. See 
. Clarion. 

Clarine. a term to express a collar 
of Bells round the necks of beasts, 
the same as gorged with a collar of 

Clarion, Sufflue, Claricord, or 
Rest. P. 43, f. 27 and 28. 
This is by some supposed to denote the rest 
for the lance, but this cannot be the case as 
Clarions are found in armoury b if ore the 
rest for the lance was invented. In fact the 
very name sufflue, and clarion, point to some 
kind of wind instrument. 

Clarionet. A wind instrument. P. 36, 

f. 3. 
Clasped. See Conjoined. 
Clavecimbal. Same as Clarion. 
Claved, or Clavied. A cross composed 

of three double-warded keys, with 

one bow. P. 42, f. 11. 
Claymore. A sword. The Highland 

Cleche, cleckee, cleschee, or cloche. 

An ordinary so perforated that the 

chief substance is taken from it, 

leaving nothing but the edges. P. 7, 

f. 19. 
Cleft. Split. 

Cleg-Goose. See Barnacle Goose. 
Clenched. See Clinched. 
Cleschee. See Cleche, 
Climant. a goat in the same position 

as rampant, is said to be climbing or 

Clinched, The hand shut, or grasping 

anything, is termed clenched, P, 36, 

f. 9 ; P, 40, f. 36. 
Clipping. Equivalent to clasping. 
Clock. As in the arms of the Clock 

Makers Company. P. 39, f. 43. 

Close. A term applied to all birds of 
flight, when the wings are closed, as 
an eagle close. P. 33, f. i. 
It also denotes a helmet with the visor down 
as P. 24, f. 12. 

Close couped. Cut off close to the 
head, no part of the neck being left, 
as a Boar's head couped close. P. 29, 
f. 32. 

Close-couple, or Couple-close. P. 15, 
f. 3. 

Close-gauntlets. Gauntlets with im- 
moveable fingers. P. 38, f. 11. 

Close-Girt. Said of figures habited, 
whose clothes are tied about the 

Close-sejant. Setting together. 

Closet. A diminutive of the bar, being 
one half its size. P. 5, f. 4. 

Closetted. The same as cottised. 
P. 5, f. 9. 

Closetty. Barry of many pieces, the 
number must be named. 

Closing-nail. P. 41, f. 31. 

Closing-tongs. A tool used by Foun- 
ders, and is part of their Crest. P. 41, 
f. 23. 

Closs, or Closse. See Close. 

Cloth, a piece of. P. 40, f, 46. 

Clothed. See Vested. 

Clone. Nailed. See Lattised. 

Clove. A spice, as borne in the 
Grocer's Arms. P. 45, f. 12. 

Clover. A genus of trefoil. P. 45, 
f. 27. 

Clouds. Very common bearing in 
Coat Armour, particularly with de- 
vices issuing therefrom. P. 23, f. 28 
and 31. 

Club, and Spiked Club. Frequently 
borne in the hand of savages. P. 35, 
f. 24, 25 and 26; also P. 41, f. 48. 
ar. a club erect in pale sa. Smith of Surrey. 

Cluster. Applied to fruits and flowers 
growing naturally in clusters. 

Clymant. See Climant, 

Coach, As borne in the Arms of the 
Coach Makers Company. P. 41, 
f. 51, 

Co-Ambulant, Passant, or walking 

Coat op Arms, or Armorial bearings. 
Consist in the shield and its external 
ornaments. The term Coat of Arms 
is however more applicable to the 
surcoat or mantle upon which the 
armorial bearings were formerly de- 

CoB-FisH, or Sea Cob. P, 32, f. 13. 

Cobweb and Spider. P. 22, f, 5. 




Cock. The emblem of vigilance, virility, 
and bravery. Is always depicted as 
a Dunghill Cock, if not expressed to 
the contrary. 

When the legs, spars, comb and wattles are 
of a different tincture from the Cock, or 
from each other, they must each be ex- 
pressed. And the Cock is said to be armed, 
spurred, crested or combed, jelloped, or 
wattled of such a colour. P. 31-, f. 1. A 
Game Cock. f. 2. 

Cockatrice, or Cockatryce. An im- 
aginary monster, which is depicted 
with the head, comb, wattles, and 
legs of the Cock, and the body, wings, 
and tail of a Dragon. P. 27, f. 15. 
A Cockatrice displayed, f. 16. Cock- 
atrice's head wings endorsed couped. 
f. 17. A Cockatrice's head couped 
betw. two wings, f, 18. 
A Cockatrice in Christian art is the emblem 
of sin. 

CocKE. A Chess-rook. 

Cockers. High shoes. See Brogue. 
CocKLE-SHELL. See Escallop. 
CocQUEL. An Escallop. 
Cocoa Tree. P. 45, f. 53. 
Co-Erected. Set up together, or 

erected side by side. 
Cod. a Fish. P. 32, f. 22. 
Codded. Beans, Pease, etc. borne in 

the Cod, or Pod. P. 44, f. 59. 
CcEUR. The heart. For Semee of 
hearts the term Semee de Cceur is 
sometimes used. 
CcEUR-PoiNT. The Fesse-point. 
CoEUR, Party in Cceur. An irregular 
partition, formed by a short line of 
partition in pale in the centre of the 
escutcheon, which extends but a little 
wa}', much short of the top and 
bottom, and is there met by other 
Cognisance, Cognizance, or Cogni- 

CANZE. See Badge. 
Coif de mailles. A hood which wraps 
round the neck and head. P. 39, 
f. 20, No. 2. 
Coil. A Coil of Flax, P. 43, f. 13. as 

borne in the Crest of Washbourne. 
Coins. The Heraldry that may be 
learned from British and Foreign 
Coins is of the utmost value, since it 
is always historically correct. 
Coiled. Turned round, or twisted ; as 

an Adder coiled. P. 30, f. 42. 
Cointise. a covering for the helmet. 

P. 25a, f. 9. See Contoise. 
CoKKE. Ancient orthography for Cock. 

Collar. An ornament for the neck, 
worn by Knights, such as the Collar 
of the Garter etc. P. 24, f. 7. 

Collar of, S.S. P. 24, f. 29. 

The collar of S, or " of Esses," as it is written 
in many records, v.-as a Lancastrian livery, 
and of the institution of Henry of Boling- 
broke. This Collar is still worn by the 
Heralds, by the Lord Mayor of London, 
and by the Lord Chief Justices, and some 
others of the Judges, f . 29. 

Collared. A term applied to animals, 
wmen they have a plain collar round 
the neck ; if a line or chain is at- 
tached to the collar, it is termed 
collared and lined, or chained. P. 18, 
f. 21. 

If any animal has any kind of Coronet round 
its neck, it is tei-med ' Gorged," as a Demi 
lion ramp, gorged with a ducal coronet. 
r. 26, f. 31 ; P. 19, f. 21. 

Collar-point. The position of a charge 
when placed betw\ the upper portions 
of a saltire. P. 20, f. 38. 

Collateral-position, or side by side. 
The earliest way of placing the arms of a 
husband and wife was in twoseparate shields 
placed by the side of each other. 

Collaterally disposed. Things set 
side by side ; and if erect are termed 
Co-erectant, or Co-erected. 

College. P. 23, f. 22. As borne in 
the arms of the College of Williams- 

College of Arms, or Herald's Col- 
lege. An ancient Royal Corpora- 
tion, endowed with certain priviliges 
by the Kings of this Realm. 
The Corporation consists of Three Kings 
of Arms, Sis Heralds, and Four Pursuivants. 
See Herald's College. Arms of the College 
ar. a cross gu. betw. four doves, the dexter 
wings expanded and inverted az. See Title 

CoLLYiNG. A term used by Falconers 
to denote the motion of the head 
made by an eagle or hawk when 
about to take flight. 

CoLOMBs. Doves. 

CoLORYS. See Colours. 

Colours. Naval and Military Flags. 
The colours of the Cavalry are st3ded 
" Standards." 

Colours. There are seven used in 
Coat Armour, viz. Gules, Azure, 
Vert, Sable, Purpure, Sanguine, and 
Tenne. See Tinctures, and P. i. 

Colt. A young horse. See Horse. 
P. 27, f. 30. 

Columbine. A flower, depicted in 
Heraldry as P. 44, f. 23. (P. 31, f. 19 
Branches of Columbine.) 


Column, or Pillar. See P. 43, f. 50. 
A Column dncally crowned and a Column 
enrelloped with a snake. A broken Column 
and a Winged Column, f. 51. This last is 
sometimes, though not correctly, called a 
flying column. 

Comb. An instrument with teeth. See 
P. 4, f. 31, and P. 40, f. 48. 

Comb in a head of hair. P. 40, f. 48- 
A Comb in the hand of a INIermaid- 
P. 35, f. 12. 

Comb. S^^ Jersey-comb. P. 40, f. 12. 

Comb. A Curry-comb. P. 37, f. ^y. 

Comb and Wattles of a Cock. See 

Combatant. Fighting, or Ramp, face 
to face. P. 26, f. 16. 

Combel. See Fillet. 

Comet, or Blazing-star. P. 23, f. 45. 

CoMMissE Cross. A Cross Tan. P. g, 
f. 30. 

CoMMiXT. Placed indiscriminately, 
same as Semee. 

Commonwealth. Banner of. P. 31, 
f. 2g. 

Communion Cup, or Chalice. P. 42, 
f. 26. 

Community Arms of. See Arms of 

Compartment. A kind of carved orna- 
ment, upon which the supporters 

It is known to Herald-Painters by the term 
"Pedestal." The Label with motto is 
generally suspended from it. P. 21, f. 21. 

Compasses. As in the joiners Arms. 
P. 41, f. 31. 

Compassed, or Encompassed. Sur- 

Complement. A term used to signify 
the full moon as P. 23, f. 37. The 
moon in her complement. 

Complexed. The serpents in the Ca- 
duceus. P. 30, f. 56. are sometimes 
so termed. 

Compon. See Camp. 

CoMPONED. Same as Gobony. 


BONE. Said of an Ordinary com- 
posed of squares in one row of two 
tinctures alternately placed. P. 4, 
f. 42 ; P. 20, f. g. If there be two 
rows it is called Counter-Compony, 
or Compony counter-company, P. 4, 
f. 43. If there are more than two 
rows it is termed Cheeky, f. 44. 
Compounded Arms. Arms formed by 
the Combination of two or more dis- 
tinct coats, in such a manner as to 
produce a single composition. 



Concaved. Same as Arched. P. 12, 

f. 37- 
Concession Arms of. 5^^ Arms of 

Cone. A sohd body tapering to a 

point from a circular base. P. 41, 

f. 42. See also Fir-Cone. P. 44, 

f- 54- 

Coney. See Rabbit. 

CoNFRONTE. Facing each other, Com- 
batant, or Respecting each other. 
P. 26, f. 16, and P. 31, f. 27. 

Conger-Eel. See P. 32, f. 5, and 
f. 41. 

Conjoined. Linked together. P. 37, 
f. 35 and 36 ; P. 26, f. 12. 

Conjoined in Lure. A term applied 
to wings, joined together, with the 
tips downwards. P. 33, f. 28. 

Conjunct. Same as Conjoined, or 

Conspicuous, or Conspictiant. Terms 
anciently used to express any bear- 
ing or charge conspicuously placed 
over another. 

Contoise. a scarf, worn loose and 
flowing, attached to the helm with 
the crest, but discontinued after the 
middle of the fourteenth century. 
P. 25a, f. g. 

CoNTouKNE. A term applied to animals 
turned towards the sinister. P. 22, 
f. 12; P. 26, f. 18. 

Contra, Contrary. See Contre. 

Contra-Nuage. Same as Counter- 
Scallopee, or Papellonnee. P. 18, 
f. 7. 

Contrary coonyed. An ancient term 
for Gyronny. 

Contrary bowed. Bending in a con- 
trary direction. P. 30, f. 26. 

Contrary composed. Contrary placed, 
or opposite each other. 

Contrary debruised. Is the bowing 
and embowing of serpents, when the 
head or tail turns under in a con- 
trary direction one to the other. 

P- 30, f- 35- 
Contrary flexed. Bent in opposite 

Contrary Imbowed, or Embowed. See 

Counter Embowed. P. 11, f. 22. 
Contrary Invecked. When the upper 

and under parts are both invecked. 

P. 3, f. 3. 
Contrary posed. Placed opposite, or 

opposed to each other. P. 26, f. 16. 
Contrary reflexed. Turning in a 

contrary direction. 




Contrary Uruee. When the upper 
and under parts are both Urdee. 
P. 17, f. ig. 

CoNTRE, or Counter. Applied to ani- 
mals as Counter passant. P. 26, 
f. 36. Also to ordinaries when the 
upper and under parts are the same, 
as counter embattled. P. 3, f. 9. 


as P. 18, f. 40. 

CoNTRR-BRETESSE. Embattled. 

CoNTRE-CHANGED. Same as Counter- 

CoNTRE-coMPONE. Same as Compony 
counter-compony. P. 17, f. 41. 

CoNTRE-ERMiNE. Same as Ermines. 

CoNTRE-ESCARTELE. Same as counter 

CoNTRE-FACE. Same as barre per pale 
counterchanged. P. 5, f. 13. 

CoNTRE-PALE. Same as paly of six 
per-fesse counterchanged. P. 14, 

f- 33- 

CoNTRE-poiNTE. When two chev. meet 

in icsse point. P. 15, f. 44. 

CoNTRE-posE. Counterplaced, or op- 
posite each other. 

CoNTRE-poTENT. Same as counter 

CoNTRE-TREVis. An ancient term for 
party per fesse. 

Contre-Vaire. Same as counter vair. 
P. I. 

Convex, or Convexed. Bowed, or 
arched. P. ig, f. 15. 

Cooped. See Couped. 

Coorlet, See Cuirass. 

Coot. A water-fowl. P. 34, f. 14. 

CoppEE, Copped, or Coppedee. See 
chev. double downset, coppee, or 
Rompu. P. 16, f. I. 

Copper. An instrument used by wire- 
drawers, and borne in the arms of 
their Company. P. 42, f. 36. 

Copper Cake. A Pellet, or roundle 
depicted copper colour. 

Coracle. A boat made of a v/icker 
frame covered with the hide of a 
beast. P. 38, f. 37. The arms of 
the " See of the Isles " is az. in base 
waves of the Sea St. Columba pray- 
ing in a Coracle, ppr. ; in dexter 
chief a star ar. 

Corbie, Corbeau, or Corbie-Crow. A 
Raven. P. 33, f. 52, 

Corded. Banded with cords. P. 40, 

f. 20. 
Corded Cross. P. 7, f. 18. 
Cordon. Cords or strings with tassels. 

Corled, See Coiled. 

Cormorant. A bird, P. 34, f. 34. 
Corn, ears of. P. 45, f. 13. 
Corner caps. See Cap. 
Cornet. A musical instrument. P. 43, 

f. 21, No. 4. 
Cornish Chough. A species of Crow 

with red legs. P. 33, f. 54. 

Cornish Chough, hatching. P. 31, 
f. 20. 

Cornished, or Corniced. A Cross 
Cornished. P. 10, f. 23. 

Cornucopia. The horn of Plenty repre- 
sented as overflowing Avith corn, 
fruit, etc. P. 43, f. i. 

Coronal. See Cronel. 

Coronated. Adorned with a Coronet, 
as a Fesse Coronated. P. 3, f. 27. 

Coronet. A species of velvet cap, 
turned up with ermine, and sur- 
rounded by a circle of gold, by the 
various forms of which latter the 
degree of the wearer is denoted. 
P. 24, f. 2 to 5, and 42 to 46. Coro- 
net of Prince Albert. P. 25a, f. 3 
and 4. 

I. Coronet of tha Prince of Wales, is com- 
posed of a circle of gold richly chased; 
on the edge four crosses pattee be- 
tween as many fleur-de-lis j from the two 
centre crosses an arch, surmounted with 
a mound and cross, the whole adorned 
with pearls ; within the coronet, a crim- 
son cap, turned up erm'ne. P. 24, f. 2. 

II. Younger Sons of Her Majesty, a circle of 
gold richly chased having upon its upper 
edge, four crosses i)attee and fleur-de-lis, 
a crimson cap, turned up ermine with a 
gold tassel at top. f. 3. 

III. The Princess Royal, and Younger Sisters ; 
the same as the last, but with two crosses 
pattce, four fiear-de-lis, and two straw- 
berry leaves, f. 4. 

IV. Nephews of the Blood Royal ; differs 
from the Y''oung Sons by having crosses 
pattee and strawberry leaves placed 
alternately, f. 5. 

V. Duke, is composed of a circle of gold 
richly chased (not jewelled), with eight 
strawberry leaves 01 equal height, above 
the rim, a cap of crimson velvet, turned 
up ermine ; on the top a gold tassel, 
f. 42. 

VI. Marquess ; like the preceding, but 
with four strawberry leaves and as many 
pearls, upon short points all of equal 
height, with cap and tassel as before, 
f. 4;i. 

VII. Earl ; is the same, heightened ujd with 
eight long jjoints ; on the top of which 
are as many pearls, the interstices being- 
adorned with strawberry leaves, whose 
apices do not raise so high as the points, 
f. 44. 
VIII. Viscount ; is a circle of gold richly 
chased with cap etc. as above, having 
sixteen pearls on the rim, seven of which 
only appear in the representation, f. 45 


IX. Baron ; is composed of a plain circle of 
gold, supporting six pearls, four of which 
are seen in the di'awing ; cap, etc. f. 46. 
This coronet, first granted by Charles ii, 
before whose time the Barons wore a 
scarlet cap turned up ermine and on the 
top a tassel of gold. 

Coronet Ducal, See Ducal Coronet. 
Coronet Eastern, Mural, and Naval, 

etc. See Crowns. 
Coronets of the French Nobility. 

See France Coronets of. 
Coronette. Adorned with a coronet, 

as a bend coronette. P. i8, f. 28. 
Corporate Bodies Arms of. See Arms 

OF Community. 
Cost. A diminutive of the bend, one 

fourth of its breadth. P. 17, f. 4. 

When borne in pairs are called cottises. 

f. 31. Four costs. P. 19, f. 31. 

Cote-Armure. The coat or vesture 
on which the arms were exhibited. 

Cote-Hardie. a Surcoat. 

Cotice, or CousTE. A diminutive of 
the bend ; also a French term to 
express an escutcheon divided bend- 
ways into many equal parts ; the 
same as bendy. 


iZED. A term to express the diminu- 
tives of the Bend, Chevron, Fesse, 
and Pale. 

When one of these diminutives is borne on 
each side its proper Ordinary, that Ordinary 
is blazoned Cottised. See P. 5, f. ; P. 15, 
f . 38 ; P. 17, f. 31. If two are borrxO on each 
side, it is termed double cottised. P. 5, f. 10. 
If three, treble cottised. f. 11. If Cottises 
are borne without the ordinary, their number 
must be named, and they are blazoned by 
the terms Barrulet, Couple-close, Endorse, 

CoTOYE. Same as Cottised. 

CoTTiSE. See Cost, and Coticed. 

Cottised, Cotticed, or Cotized. See 
Coticed, and P. 5, f. g. 

Cottised double, and treble. P. 5, 
f. 10 and II. 

CoTTiZE. Same as Cost. 

Cotton Hanks, or Bundles of Cotton. 
P. 40, f. 5. 

Cotton Tree. As borne in the Arms 
of Arkwright. P. 45, f. 54. 


ing down, applied to Lions, Tigers, 

etc. P. 26, f. 45. 
CouE, or CouEE. Coward ; a Lion or 

other beast having his tail between 

his hind legs. P. 26, f. 8. 
Coulombs. Doves. 
Coulter of a Plough. P. 39, f. 10, 

No. 2. 

35 COU 

Coulter. Run through the calf of a 
man's leg, is borne in the arms of 
Ball. P. 36, f. 24. 

Counter. When applied to two ani- 
mals it signifies that they are turned 
in contrar}' directions, as two lions 
counter passant. P. 26, f. 36. When 
applied to ordinaries it denotes that 
the upper and under parts are the 
same, as a bend embattled counter 
embattled. P. 17, f. 17. 

Counter-barre. a term to express 
bend sinister per bend counter- 
changed. P. 18, f. 40. 

Counter-barry, or Contrefasce. The 
same as Barry per pale counter- 
changed. P. 5, f. 13. 

Counter-battled. Embattled on both 
sides. P. 15, f. 14 ; P. 3, f. 9. 

Counter-bendy. Same as Contre- 
bande. P. iS, f. 40. 

Counter-billettee. a division of 
the field, ordinary, or charge, by lines 
crossing each other, so as to form the 
compartments into the shape of 
billets, as a Bend billettee counter- 
billettee. P. 17, f. 42. 

Counter-camp, or campee. The same 
as Counter-gobony. P. 17, f. 41. 

Counterchanged. When the sliield 
or any bearing is divided into two or 
more parts, each part having some 
charge upon it, which is of the alter- 
nate tincture. P. 2, f. 39, 49 and 50. 
P. 5, f. 44. P. 14, f. 29. 

Counter-cartele, or Contrecartele. 
Also termed contraquadripartitus ; 
The same as counter-quartered, or 
quarterly quartered ; that is, when 
the grand quarters are quartered. 

Counter-cheveronny. a division 
cheveronways. P. 16, f. 33. 

Counter-colerys, or golorys. The 
same as counterchanged. 

Counter-coloured. See Counter- 

Counter-componee, or gobony. Con- 
sists of two rov/s of chequers. P. 4, 
f. 43. 

Counter-couchant. When animals 
are lying with their heads in contrary 

Counter-crossed. P. 22, f. 22. 

CouNTER-couRRANT. Auimals running 
in contrary directions. 

Counter-debruised. When either the 
head or tail of a serpent, in the bow- 
ing, or embowing, is turned under, 
in a contrary direction one to the 
other. P. 30, f. 26. 




FESSY, or 


Counter-embattled, Imbattled, or 

BATTLED. When both top and bottom 

are embattled. P. 3, f. 9. 

EMBOWED. When the arm is bent 

with the elbow towards the sinister. 

P. 36, f. 20 and 21. 

EMBOWED. Bent contrary ways one 
to another. P. 36, f. 18. 

ERMINE. Ermines. P. i. 

Escartele. See Counter-Cartele. 

FACED, or Contreface. Same as 
barry per pale counterchanged. P. 5, 
f. 13. 

P. 5, f. 13. 

FLEURY, or counter-fleurie. See 




When the edges of anything are 
charged with fleur-de-lis, alternately 
placed, as txie trcssurc liory counter- 
flory. P. 35, _f. 16. See P. 3, f. 20. 
P. 17, f. 14. A Fesse and Bend 
Flory Counter-flory. 
Counter-flory, or floretty. 
GoBONY. Same as Counter-Com- 
pony. P. 4, f. 43. _ 
NAiANT. Fishes sv/imming in oppo- 
site directions. P. 32, f. 16. 
NEBULEE. When both edges 
Fesse, Bend, etc., are nebuled. 
f. 4; P. 15, f. 26. 

NUAGE. P. 18, f. 7. 

CHANGED. P. 22, f. 42. 

PALED. Is when the escutcheon is 
divided into pales parted per-fesse, 
the two colours being coimterchanged 
so that the upper and lower are of 
different colours, P. 22, f. 42. 
PASSANT. Walking in contrary direc- 
tions, as two lions passant counter- 
passant. P. 26, f. 36. 
PENDANT. Hanging on each side. 
POINTED. Same as counter-point. 
P. 15, f. 44. 

POTENT. One of the Furs. P. i. 
Also termed Cuppa. P. 22, f. 40. 


QUARTERED. Also termed Contre- 
cartele. Same as counter-escartele. 
See Counter-Cartele. 
QUARTERED. As Quarterly, quartered. 
P. 7, f. II. 

of a 

P. 17, f. 26. 


d on both sides 

Counter-salient, or contre saillant. 
When two animals are borne, leaping 
contraryways from each other, as 
Two Foxes counter-salient in -saltier. 
P. 29, f. 10. 

Counter-scallopee, or scalloped. 
Covered with escallop-shells, laid like 
the scales of fish. P. 18, f. 7. 

Counter-triangle. Same as barry 
indented. P. 2, f. 36. 


term applied to all animals of the 
deer kind when walking in opposite 
directions. P. 28, f. 53. 


of the Furs, depicted as at P. i. 

CouNTERLY. A term used by some 
authors to express the field divided 
into two equal parts ; the same as 
party per pale, or per-pale. 

CouNTESS. The title and rank of the 
wife of an Earl, she is styled " My 
Lady" is "Right Honourable" and 
her Coronet the same as her husband's. 

Coupee. The same as Couped. 

CouPEE-CLOSE. Same as Couple-close. 

Coupe parted, or couped biparted. 
W^hen anything is cut ofi^, or notched, 
shewing two projecting pieces ; but 
contrary to what is called erased, 
v/hich is jagged by being torn oft. 

Couped, or Coupy. A term to express 
the head or limbs of men, animals, 
or any, charge v.^lien evenly cut off, 
as P. 20, f. 22 ; P. 26, f. 30 ; P. 27, 
f. 39. 

Couped at the shoulders. P. 36, 

f- 45- 
Couped belov/ the shoulders. P. 36, 

f- 37- 
Couped close. Cut off close to the 

head. P. 29, f. 32. 

Couped pitched. P. 9, f. 15. 

Coupe, or Coupee. Couped. 

Couple. Used instead of pair. 

Couple-close. A diminutive of the 
cheveron P. 15, f. 3 and alwaj-s borne 
in pairs, f. 4, and f. 38. 

Coupled. A term applied to charges 
borne in pairs, joined or linked to- 
gether as two annulets coupled, or 
conjoined. P. 37, f. 35. 

Couples. As borne on the Supporters 
of Lord Hindlip. P. 43, f. 59. 

CouPY. Couped. 

CouRANT, Cursant, or Current. 
Terms for a horse, buck, greyhound, 
etc. borne running, they are also said 
to be in full course. P. 19, f. 28 ; 
P. 21, f. 44 ; P. 28, f. 46 ; P. 29, f. 5. 



CouRBE. Embowed. 

CouRLEjT, Same as Cuirass. 

CouRONE, or CouRONNE. Crowncd. 

CouRSANT. Same as Courant. 

Course, in his, or in course. See 

CouRSiE, or Recoursie. p. 7, f. ig. 

Courtesy, Title of. A nommal de- 
gree of Rank, conceeded by Royal 
Grace and sanctioned by usage to 
some of the children of the Peers. 
The term is especially applicable to 
the " Second Titles " of their Fathers, 
that are thus borne by "Courtesy" 
by the eldest sons of Dukes, Mar- 
quesses, and Earls. 

Courvune. Ducally crowned. 

Cousu, or Cousue. According to Ed- 
mondson the same as rempli. By 
others used to express any of the 
ordinaries when borne of metal with 
metal, or colour with colour. P. 7, 
f. 32. 

CouTEAU-swoRD. A Knife sword. 

Coutel. a military implement which 
served both for a knife and a dagger. 

CouTERE. A piece of armour which 
covered the elbow. 

CouvERT. Shadowed, or partly covered 
with the foot of hangings or tapestry. 
P. 12, f. 29. 

Covered. A term applicable to any 
bearing with a cover, as a covered 
cup. P. 42, f. 25. 

Covert. Partly covered. 

CovERTANT. When charges are borne 
side by side, so that part of one is 
seen projecting before the other ; 
they are termed Covertant, or Co- 

Cow. Borne by the name of Cowell, 
Vach, etc. P. 28, f. 29. 

CowD. See Coward. 

Coward, Cowardised, or Cowardly. 
Applied to lipns, etc., w^ien the tail 
is represented hanging dowm and 
passing between the hind legs. P. 26, 
f. 8. 

Cowl. A Monk's hood. P. 36, f. 31. 

Crab. A shell-fish. P. 32, f. 52. 

Crabs, or Wild Apples. Borne by 
Crabb, M.D. Norwich 1664. 

Crabbet.* See Habick. 

Cramp, or Crampoon. An iron bent at 
each extremity used for the purpose 
of strengthening buildings, and are 
generally borne in pairs. P. 41, f. 6. 

Crampette, Crampit, Chape, or Bo- 
TEROLL. The steel mounting at the 
bottom of the scabbard. P. 37, f. 33. 


Cramponee, and Tournee. P. 11, 

f- 39- 
Crampoon. See Cramp. 

Crancelin. The chaplet that crosses 
the shield of Saxony, as in the arms 
of the Prince of Wales. P. 16, f. 40. 

Crane. A bird with long neck and 
legs. P. 34, f. 8. 

Crawling, Gliding, or Creeping. As 
a serpent gliding. P. 30, f. 47. Ex- 
tended Crawling, etc. f. 53. 

Crawfish, Crefish, or Crevice. A 
fish represented like a shrimp as 
P. 32, f. 40a. 

Not to be blazoned hanriant as fisli that 
have fins but upright. 

Creneaux, or Emmanche. Terms for 
Embattled, or Crenellee. 

Crenella, or Crenellee. Embattled, 
or Kernelled. P. 3, f. 8. 

Crenellated. Same as Embattled. 

Crequer plant, or Crequier. The 
wild plum. P. 44, f. 51. 
By some it is teruied " seven-branched 
candlestick of the temple." Crequer plant 
of seven branches eradicated, as borne by 
the family of Girflet. 

Crequier. See Crequer. 

Crescent. A half-moon with the 
horns turned upwards. P. 23, f. 38. 
If the horns are turned towards the dexter, 
it is termed &n Increscent. If the horns 
are to the sinister, a Decrescent. P. 23, f. 38. 
When the horns are turned down it isT^ermed 
a Crescent reversed. Three Crescents 
interlaced are borne by the name of Munn- 
iugs. f. 41. Four Crescents interlaced, f . 40. 
A Decrescent and Increscent circled, f. 3fi. 

Crescented. a cross having a cres- 
cent at each end. P. 10, f. 31 and 32. 

Cresset, or Cressi. A Fire-Beacon. 
P. 37, f. 2. 

Crest. Named by the French Cimier, 
from Cime, the top or apex ; by the 
Italians Cimiero ; by the Latins, 
Crista, the comb of a cock. A figure 
set upon a wreath, coronet, or cha- 
peau, placed above the Helmet. 
The manner of placing the Crest differs 
according to the rank of the bearer. By all 
below the Peerage, it is placed abovethe 
Helmet, the latter rests on the shield. 
Peers carry the coronet on the shield, and 
the Helmet and Crest above; but in both 
cases the Helmet very frequently is alto- 
gether omitted. See examples of Crests, 
Helmets, etc. P. H, f. 21; P. 12, f. 21; 
P. 13, f. 21; P. 15, f. 21; P. 18, f. 21. 
Ladies are not entitled to wear Crests. But 
as an appendage to sepulchral monuments 
Crests are placed beneath the head of the 
armed effigy; are attached to the helmet, 
or are carved as the feet of the recumbent 

Crest-Coronet. See Ducal-Coronet. 



Crested. A term used for the comb 
of a Cock, Cockatrice, etc. 

Crevice. See Crawfish. 

Cri-de-guerre. War-cry; termed by 
the Scots slughorn, or Slogan ; any 
sentence, or word becoming a general 
cry throughout the army on its ap- 
proach to battle. 

Crimean Medal is silver, the ribbon 
blue with yellow edges ; separate 
clasps for Alma, Balaklava, Inker- 
man, Sebastopol. P. 25, f. 18. See 

Crined. When the hair of a man, or 
woman, or the mane of a horse, Uni- 
corn, etc., are borne of a different 
tincture, from the other part, they 
are termed Crined of such a metal, 
or colour. 

Cripping irons, or Glazier's Cripping 
irons. Same as Glazier's nippers. 

P.4i,f. 7. ^ , 

Crocodile. A genus of the saurian 

animals. P. 30, f. i. 

Croches. Little knobs about the tops 
of a Deer's horn. 

Crochet-hook. Used in a kind of 
netting. P. 38, f. 55. 

Croisade. See Crusade. 

Croissans. Crescents. 

Croissant contourne. The decrescent. 
P. 23, f. 38. 

Croissantee Cross. P. 10, f. 32. 

Croix de Toulouze. P. 8, f. 39. 

Croix Recroisee. A Cross Crosslet. 
P. 8, f. 18. 

Cronel, cronet, coronet, or coronal. 
The iron end of a jousting lance, 
terminating in three points. P. 35, 
f. 23, and P. 37, f. 32. 

Crook. A Shepherd's staff. P. 39, 
f. II. 

Crose, or Grose. A drawing board, 
an instrument used by coopers, and 
is borne as part of their armorial 
ensign. Two examples. P. 41, f. 3. 

Crosier, or Bishop's staff. Also 
termed Croysee. P. 42, f. 45. (the 
figure on the sinister side.) 
The Pastoral Staff erroneoi^sly called a 
Crosier is similar to a Shepherd's Crook. 
P. 42, f . 46. 

Crosier case. P. 42, f. 46. 

Cross. One of the honourable ordi- 
naries, occupying a third of the shield. 

P. 7, f. I. 

The Cross is subject to all the accidental 
forms of lines, as Indented, Engrailed, 
Raguly, etc. 
Cross, aiguisee, argaise, or urdee. 

P. 9, f. 45. 

Same as Aiguise. P. 9, 

or cornished. 


Cross alislee, or alisee pattee. P. 9, 
f. 23. 

allise, or alisee. P. 8, f. 41. 

anchored, anchorie, anchory, an- 
cree, or ancred. P. 10, f. 9 and 11. 

anchored and double parted. P. 10, 
f. 10. 

Andrew St. P. 7. f. 21. 

anille. p. 10, f. I. 

annulated, annuled, or annuletty. 
P. 10, f. 35. 

annulated rebated. Also termed 
a Cross the ends tenatee, or tenanted 

and annuled. P. 10, f. 36. 

annuly, or annuletty, each fretted 
with a ring. P. 10, f. 37. 


f. lO. 

AT EACH END a Demi Annulet in- 
verted. P. II, f. ig. (or Cross demi 
anuled inverted.) 

ANSERATED, or Griugolce. P. II, 
f. 36. 

ANTHONY St. a Cross Tan. P. 9, 
f. 30. 



ASTRiCAL, adorned 

P. 10, f. 23. 

Athelstan's St. P. 11, f. 3. 

avelane, avellane, or aveline. P. 11, 

f- 33- 

AVELLANED-poMELL, or avclaue- 

pomette. P. 11, f. 33. 

AVELLANED, double-pomettee. P. 10, 
f. 30. 

ayguisee. p. 9, f. 45. 

banister, p. II, f. 29. 

barbed, barbee, cramponee, and 
tournee. P. 9, f. 31. 

baton, battoon, batune, or potent. 
P. ii,f. 7. 


termed a cross couped double parted 
and fretted. P. 11, f. 38. 

BEZANTEE. Properly a Cross of 
bezants conjoined. P. 8, f. 8. 

A Cross bezantee would be a plain cross 
strewed over with bezants. 
BLUNTED, or rouudcd at the ends. 

P. 8, f. 41. 

BORDERED, or fimbriated. P. 7, f. 24. 

BORDERED COUPED. P. 8, f. 2g. 

BOTONE-MASCULED. P. 8, f. 36. 

BOTONNEE, bottouy, botoned, or 

trefflee. P. lo, f. 20. 

BOTONNEE PATTEE. P. 8, f. 36. 

BOURDONNEE. Same as a Cross 

Pommelled. P. lo, f. 28. 




Cross bourdonnee, or pommettee 
flor}'. P. lo, f. 27. 

- BRETESSED. P, 8, f. IJ. 

BUCK-AXED. See Cross capital. 

BUTTONY, or buttonee. P. lo, f. 20. 

CABLE, or cablee. P. 7, f. 41. 

CALVARY, or cross of the Passion. 
P. 8, f. 33. 

CAPITAL. P. II, f. 45. 


FLURTY, and a leopard's face issuant. 
P. 10, f. 22. 

CATERFOiL, quatrefoil, quarterfoil, or 
four leaves conjoined in Cross. P. 1 1, 
f. 17. 


and at each end, the extremities 
issuant trefoils. P. 11, f. 34. 

CAToosED, adorned with scrolls at 
the extremities, also termed modi- 
lions. P. II, f. 31. 

-^ CERCELEE, ccrcelle, or recerceled. 
P. II, f. 32. 

Chad S. P. 1 1, f. 13. 

OF Chains, or four chains square 
linked in cross fixed to an annulet 
in fesse point. P. 8. f. 11. 

CHAMPAGNE, or Champaine. P. g, 

f. 45- 

CHAPPR, or double fitchee of four. 

P. 8, f. 42. 

CHARGED ; i.e. with figures thereon. 

P. 7, f- 3. 

CHECKY, chequy, or chequered. P. 7, 

f. 15. 

OF Christ. P. 8, f. 33. 

CLECHEE, or recoursie. P. 7, f. ig. 

CLECHEE, cleschee, or cloche. P. 11, 
f. 44. 

CLECHEE, voided and pommettee. 
P. 8, f. 3g. 

Cleschee, or cloche cross. P. 11, 
f. 44. 

coMMissE. The cross Tau. P. g, 
f. 30. used as a token of absolution. 
Malefactors were stamped on the 
hand with it. 

coMPONEE, compony, or Gobony. 
P. 7, f. 13. 

COMPONEE, counter-componee. P. 7, 
f. 14. 

CORDED, or cordee. P. 7. f. 18. 

CORNISHED. p. II, f. 45. 


CORONETTED, or crowucd. P. II, 

f. 28. 

COTTISED. P. 7, f. 22. 

COTTISED with demi fleur-de-lis 
bottoms in fesse point. P. 7, f. 42. 

COUNTER-QUARTERED, any cross may 


be so termed when the field is 
quarterly, and the cross counter- 
changed. P. 7, f. II. 
Cross couped, or humettee. P. 8, f. 28. 

COUPED, at each end an annulet. 
P. 10, f. 35. Also termed a Cross 

COUPED BORDERED, bordured, boar- 
dered, or fimbriated. P. 8, f. 2g. 



COUPED and fitchee at all points. 
P. 8, f. 43. 

COUPED FITCHEE of four at cach end. 
P. g, f. 37. 

COUPED FLORY, or fleurettec. P. lo, 
f. 18. 

COUPED and pierced. P. 8, f. 31. 

COUPED POINTED and voided. P 

f- 34- 

COUPED and voided. P. 8, f. 30. 

COOPED AT THE TOP, and flurt. P. 7t 
f. 40. 


couRSiE VOIDED, The same as re- 
coursie. P. 7, f. ig. 

CRAMPONNEE. P. II, f. 3g. 

CRENELLEE, Or a cross-crosscd. p. 8, 

f. 17. 

CRESCENTED. P. 10, f. 32. Also 

termed croissantee. 

CROSSED. p. 8, f. 17. 

CROSSED, bretessed, or crenellee. 
P. 8, f. 17. 

CROSSED PATTEE. Also termed cross 
crosslet pattee, and cross pattee 
crossed. P. 8, f. 26. 

CROSSELL, or crosslet. P. 8, f. 18. 


crosslet having a bordure round it. 
P. 8, f. 2g. 

CROssiE, or 

crucelett. Same as 
Also termed crosset. 



P. 8, f. 18. 

CROSSLET CANTONED with four crosscs. 
p. 8, f. 25. 

CROSSLET, crossed. P. 8, f. 24. 

CROSSLET, double crossed. P. 8, 
f. 22. 

CROSSLET FITCHEE, Or fitched. P. 8, 
f. ig. 

CROSSLET FITCHEE at the foot. P. 8, 
f. 20. 

CROSSLET double-fitched and rebated 
of all four. P. 10, f. 40. 

CROSSLET double fitchee of all four, 
rebated, debruised, or broken off. 
P. 10, f. 3g. 

CROSSLET FIXED. P. 8, f. I 7. 




Cross ckosslet flory, in saltire. P. 20, 
f. 29. 

CROSSLET mounted on three grices, 
or degrees. P. 8, f. 23. 

CROSSLET PATTEE, or cross crossed 
pattee. When each end terminate 
in a cross pattee. P. 8, f. 26. 

CROWNED, crownated, or coronetted. 
P. II, f. 28. 

CROWNED POMELL. P. lO, f. 28. 

CRUCELETTE, or crossic ; a cross 
crosslet. P. 8, f. i8. 

CUTHBERT St. p. I I, f. I. 

DEGRADED, the extremities of which 
are each fixed in a step or degree. 
P. 7, f. 35. 


45. The number of steps should be 


10, f. 38. 

DEMI ANNULATED, or anuled inverted. 
P. II, f. ig. 


DENIS St., a plain cross. P. 7, f. i. 

DISJOINT, or recercelle voided. P. 

11, f. 40. 

DISJOINT fitchee pattee. P. g, f. 26. 

DOUBLE, p. g, f. 34. Same as Cross 
double portante, and anciently only- 
called a Cross double. 



DOUBLE CROSSED. P. 8, f. 22. 

- DOUBLE FiTCHEE and rebated of all 
four. P. 10, f. 40. 

DOUBLE FITCHEE at the four points. 
P. 8, f. 42. 

DOUBLE FRUITAGES, or a masclc with 
four fruitages, or avellanes, joined 
to the points thereof in cross. P. ii, 

DOUBLE PARTED. P. 7, f. 26. 

DOUBLE PARTED and anchored, or a 
cross double-parted and crescented. 
P. 10, f. 34. 


DOUBLE PARTED, fretted with four 
annulets. P. 7, f. 33. 

DOUBLE PARTED, Voidcd flory. p. TO, 

f. 10. Also termed a cross moline 
resarcelly disjoined, or disjointed. 

DOUBLE PARTED and fretted, or frettee. 
P. 7, f. 27. 

DOUBLE PORTANTE. P. g, f. 34. 


EDGED. P. 8, f. 35. 

EGUISEE. P. g, f. 45. 

ENCREE. P. 10, f. g. 

Cross of three endorses, surmounted 
of as many barrulets. P. 7, f. 2g. 

engrailed, p. 7, f. 5. 

enhendee, or potence of Saxon 
F. P. II, f. 18. 

entrailed. p. 10, f. 41. 

ERMiNEE, or a cross of four ermine 
spots, their tops meeting in the 
centre point. P. 11, f. 41. A cross 
ermine is a cross with spots of er- 
mine. P. 7, f. 5. 


ESTOiLE, ETOiLE, or star-cross. P. 
8, f. 45. 

FENDUE-EN-PAL, i.e. Voided per pale. 

FERRATED. Shod with irou in the 
form of an horse shoe. P. lo, f. 33. 


FER-DE-MOLiNE. Pierccd lozengy of 
the field, also termed a cross moline 
nowy lozengy pierced, and a cross 
moline nowy masculy. P. ii, f. 23. 

FILLET. Contains one fourth part of 
such ordinary. P. 7, f, 31. 

FIMBRIATED, fimbrated, or edged. 
P. 7, f. 24, and P. g, f. 3. 

FIMBRIATED pointed at the ends. 
P. 8, f. 35. 

FITCHEE, or furche. P. g, f. 43. 

FITCHEE couPED. At the top a fusil. 
P. g, f. 42. 

FITCHEE at all points. P. 8, f. 45. 

FITCHEE at all points, and quarterly 
pierced. P. 8, f. 37. 

FITCHEE disjoint pattee. P. g, f. 26. 

FITCHEE double at the four points. 
P. 8, f. 42. 

FITCHEE TREBLE. Also termed 
fourchee of three points. P. g, f. 36. 

FITCHEE of sixteen. P. g, f. 37. 

FLANKED, urdcc, or aiguisee. P. 9, 

f- 45- 

FLEURY BiPARTED. Same as a cross 
moline sarcelled. P. 10, f. 10. 

FLEUR-DE-LIS, or fleury. P. 10, f. 18. 


side, the bottoms to fesse point. 
P. 7, f. 42. 

FLORY. P. 10, f. 17. Cross flory as 
in old drawings, f. ig. 

FLORY COUPED. P. lO, f. l8. 


parted voided flory. P. 10, f. 10. 


FLOWERED. Same as cross-flory. 
P. 10, f. ig. 

FLURT. Same as florv. 

FORKED, or double htchee. P. 8, 
f. 42. 




Cross formee. P. g, f. i. 

FORMEE FLORY. P. 9, f. I3. 

FOURCHEE. Also termed a cross 
miller rebated. P. g, f. 35. 

FOURCHEE of three points. P. g, 
f. 36. 

FOURCHEE ou KouEE. A cross forked 
or double fitchee. P. 8, f. 42. 

FOURCHY, or furshe. P. g, f. 35. 

FRETTED, or interlaced with annu- 
lets. P. 7, f. 32. 

FRUiTAGEE with an annulet in the 
centre, or four fruitages in cross 
joined to an annulet in the centre. 
P. II, f. 30. 

FRUITAGE DOUBLE, or a cfoss masclc 
fruitagee, P. 1 1, f. 5. 

FURCHEE, or Fourchy. P. g, f. 35. 

FURCHEE OF THREE. P. g, f. 36. 

FUSIL at each end. P. 9, f. 33. 

FUSIL REBATED, i.e. the points cut 
off. P. g, f. 32. 

OF SEVEN FUSILS, or scvcn fusils in 
cross conjoined. P. 8, f. 3. 

FUSiLY. Properly seven fusils con- 
joined in cross extending to the 
edges of the shield. P. 8, f. 3. A 
cross fusily is a cross covered with 
fusils of alternate colours in the 
same way as a cross lozengy. P. 8, 
f. 2. Although the former is by 
many called a cross fusily but in- 

FYLFOT. See Gammadion. 

GAMMADION, fylfot, fytfot, or Thorr's 
hammer. Cal'eJ Gammadion, from 
its being formed of four gammas 
conjoined in the centre, which, as 
numerals, expressed the Holy 
Trinity. P. 11, f. 3g. 

GEMELLE. A cross potent crossed. 
P. II, f. 8. 

GERMAN, or Teutonic. P. 8, f. 36. 

GLOBICAL-PATTEE. P. g, f. 23. 

GOBONY. P. 7, f. 13. 

OF GOLPES. Is the same as a cross 
of bezants the colour being purple. 
P. 8, f. 8. 

GRADY. Is a cross fixed on steps. 
P- 7 f- 43 4+ and 45. 


GRiECED. Same as grady. P. 8, 

f- 33- 

GRiNGOLEE, or anscrated. The ex- 
tremities terminating in snakes 
heads. P. n, f. 36- 

v/iTH HORSE SHOES at cach end. See 

Ferrated. P. 10, f. 33. 

HAMECON. P. II, f. 15. 

Cross humettee, humetty, or couped. 
P. 8, f. 28. 

HUMETTEE, flurty. P. lO, f. l8. 

INDENTED. P. 7, f, 7. 

INGRAILED, or engrailed. P. 7, f. 5. 

INTERLACED, or fretted. P. 7, f. 32. 

IRISH. Is a saltire. See Cross of 
St. Patrick. P. 7, f. 21. 

James St. P. ii,f. 2. 

Jerusalem. P. 8, f. 25. 

OF THE Knights Templars was a 
cross patriarchial gules fimbriated or. 

LAMBEAUx. Is a cross upon a label, 
the kind of cross must be named. 
P. g, f. 25 ; P. 10, f. 42. 

LAMBEAUX in all four. P. 8, f. 40. 


LATIN, the. P. g, f. 38. 

OF LEAVES, or four leaves conjoined 
in cross. See Cross bottonee. P. 8, 
f. 36. The cross caterfoil as at 
P. II, f. 17 is termed a cross of four 
leaves, or four leaves conjoined in 

LONG, or Cross of the Passion. The 
stem is much longer than the cross- 
piece. P. g, f. 38. 

LONG, couped, with the felloe of a 
wheel conjoined at the top. P. g, 

f- 39- 

LONG, on a globe, or ball, the top 

like a Roman P. P. 11, f. 27. 

LONG CROSS, potent pommelled of 
three, or a long cross pommelled the 
foot potent. P. g, f. 40. 

LONG RAGULED, or Raguly and 
trunked. P. 11, f. 37. 

LORRAIN VOIDED. P. 8, f. 38. 

OF LoRRAiN. Is like a cross lam- 
beaux-rebated. P. II, f. 25. 

LOZENGY. p. 8, f. 2. 

OF NINE LOZENGES, conjoined ex- 
tending to the extremities of the 
shield. P. 8, f. i. 

OF FIVE LOZENGES, or five lozcngcs 
in cross. P. 8, i. 4. 


f. 12. 

LOZENGY NOWED, or a Cross Nowy 
lozengy. P. 7, f. 34. 

Maltese, or Cross of Malta. P. 11, 
f. 42. 

MASCLE, or four mascles conjoined 
in cross. P. 8, f. 7. 


MASCLEE at each point a plate, or a 
cross masclee and pomettee. P. 8, 

i- 39- 

OF NINE MASCLES. P. 8, f. 5. 



Cross masculy. Differs from that of 
mascles, and is properly a cross, the 
surface of which is formed of mascles, 
as P. 8, f. 6. 


MATELEY. Also fermed Urdee and 
Ayguisee. P. g, f. 45. 

MILLER, or mill-rind. P. 10, f. 24. 

- MILLER, 'rebated. Same as a cross 
furchee. P. g, f. 35. 

MILL-RIND, or miller voided, and^dis- 
jointed. P. 10, f. 25. 

MOLiNE. P. 10, f. I. 

MOLINE anchored. P. 10, f. g. 

MOLINE anchory. P. 10, f. 11. 

MOLINE angled with acorns. P. 10, 
f. 4. 

MOLINE double-parted flory. P. 10, 
f. 12. 

MOLINE double-rebated. P. 10, f. 8. 

MOLINE per cross, at each end at the 
centre of the extremities a leaf of 
three points. P. 10, f. 5. 

MOLINE nowy lozengy pierced. P. 1 1, 
f. 23. 

MOLINE in pale, and pattee in fesse. 
P. 10, f. 6. 

MOLINE invertant. P, 11, f. 32. 

MOLINE, pierced lozengy. P. 10, 
f. 2. 

MOLINE quarterly pierced. P. 10, 
f. 3. 

MOLINE pommelled, or pommettee. 
P. 10, f. 7. 

MOLINE rebated. P. g, f. 41. 

MOLINE double-rebated. P. 10, f. 8. 
MOLINE nowy lozeng}^ pierced. P. 1 1, 

f. 23. 

MOLINE sarcelled. P. 10, f. 10. 

Also teniied a Moline voided and disposed, 
and a cross Moline double parted anchored ; 
by some it is called a cross Moline voided 

MOLINE umbre. P. 10, f. 10. Also 
termed a cross double parted an- 
chored, or double parted voided 

MONTESE, or mountain. Same as a 
cross humettee. P. 8, f. 28. 

MousuE, moussue, mourned, or 
bhmted. P. 8, f. 41. 

NELLE. P. 10, f. I. 
NOTCHED. P. g, f. 8. 

NowED grady conjoined and fixed. 

P. 7, f. 43. 
NOWED grady conjoined and fitchee 
at the foot. P. 7, f. 44. 

NOWY. P. 7, f. 37. 

NOWY couped. P. 8, f. 32. 

NOWY lozengy. P. 7, f. 38, 


Cross nowy quadrant, or square. P. 7, 

f- 39- 

NOWY quadrat couped. P. 8, f. 32. 

NOWYED, or nowed, degraded. Also 
called a cross nowed grady. P. 10, 
f. 38. 

NYLE, anille, nigle, nellc, or nyllee. 
P. 10, f. I. 

NYLE, or nylee angled with acorns. 
P. 10, f. 4. 

PER cross. P. 7, f. II. 

PER pale. P. 7, f. 10. 

PER fece newe, or a cross triparted 
and fretted. P. 7, f. 28. 

Pall. P. 8, f. 14. 

Pandall, pendall, or spindle. P. 11, 
f. 43. 

Parted. P. 7, f. 16. Also termed 
perforated, quarterly pierced, quar- 
terly voided, or quarter pierced. 

double parted, or four battunes in 
cross fretted. P. 11, f. 38. 

DOUBLE parted, or biparted. P. 7, 
f. 26. 

DOUBLE parted and fretted. P. 7, 
f. 27. 

DOUBLE parted voided flory. P. 10, 
f. 10. 

PASSION. P. g, f. 38. 

PATER-NOSTER. Composed of a 
number of beads. P. 42, f. 41. 

PATCN3E. p. 10, f. 13. 

PATONCE angled with passion nails, 
or at each angle a passion nail. 
P. 10, f. 15. 

PATONCE fitchee. P. 10, f. 14. 

PATONCE voided. P. 10, f. 16. 

PATRIARCHAL, Or doublc CrOSS. p. 22, 

f. 23. 

PATRIARCHAL gricccd. P. 8, f. 27. 

PATRIARCHAL pommettee upon three 
grieces, or steps. P. lo, f. 43. 

PATRIARCHAL thricc crosscd potence, 
the foot lambeaux of three points. 
P. 10, f. 42. 

PATRIARCHAL, a lambcaux on the 
dexter side. P. 11, f. 25. 

PATRIARCHAL patlec. P. g, f. 28. 

PATRIARCHAL pattcc coiijoiued and 
annulated in the middle of the 
bottom cross. P. 11, f. 24. 

PATRIARCHAL pattee flory at the foot. 
P. g, f. 24. 

PATRIARCHAL Voidcd. P. 8, f. 38. 

PATTEE, or formee. P. g, f. i. 

Pattee a. Usee. P. g, f. 23. 

Pattee bottonee, bottony-mascled, 
or a cress Teutonic. P. 8, f. 36. 






P. 9, 

f. 15. 

Cross pattee blemished or rebated. 
P. g, f. 4. Properly a cross pattee 
concave or concaved. 

PATTEE circulated, or circuled. P. g, 
f. 23. 

PATTEE concave. P. g, f. 4. 

PATTEE convexed. P. g. f. 23. 

PATTEE couped fitched. P. g, f. 

PATTEE crenellee. P. g, f. 22. 

PATTEE crescentways rebated. P 

PATTEE crossed, or a cross crossed 
pattee. Also termed a cross cross- 
let pattee. P. 8, f. 26. 

PATTE. An engrail at each point. 
P. 9, f. ig. 

PATTEE engrailed. P. g, f. 6. 

PATTEE, entire, or throughout. Also 
termed fixed, or firme. P. g, f. 7. 

PATTEE escaitelle. P. g, f. 8. 

PATTEE with an engrail in each point. 
P. g, f. ig. 

PATTEE fimbriated. P. g, f. 3. 

PATTEE fitchee, or fitched. 
f. 14. 

PATTEE fitchee rebated. P. 9 

PATTEE double fitched. P. g, f. 17. 

PATTEE fitchee at the foot. P. g, 
f. 18. 

PATTEE fitchee at all points. P. g, 
f. 20 and f. 27. 

PATTEE fitchee disjointed, or dis- 
joint fitchee of all four, or disjoint in 
the centre. P. g, f. 26. 

PATTEE fitchee on a label of three 
points. P. g, f. 25. 

PATTEE double fitchee of all four. 
P. 10, f. II. 

PATTEE, fitchee double. P. g, f. 17. 

PATTEE fixed double rebated. P. 7. 
f. 36. 

PATTEE fixed escartelled at each end, 
or notched. P. g, f. 8. 

PATTEE fixed and notched. P. g, 
f. 8. 

PATTEE flaunchee, or flanched. P. g, 
f. 23. Also termed Convexed. 

- PATTEE flory, fleury, or fiorettee. 
P. g, f. 13. 

PATTEE flory patriarchal. P. g, f. 24. 
- PATTEE furche. Same as fitchee. 

P. g, f. 23. 

PATTEE fusily fitchee. P. g, f. 

PATTEE globical. P. g, f. 23. 

PATTEE intire, or entire. P. g. 

PATTEE invecked. P. g, f. 5. 

PATTEE lambeaux, or fitchee 
beaux. P. g, f. 25. 

PATTEE moline. P. g, f. g. 


, f. 7. 

Cross PATTEE pierced of the field. P. g, 
f. 2. 

PATTEE pommettee charged with 
another formee. P. g, f. 11. 

PATTEE quadrat in the centre. P. 11, 
f. I. 

PATTEE quarted. P. g, f. 10. 

PATTEE rebated crescentways. P. 9, 
f. 4. 

PATTEE throughout, p. g, f. 7. 

PATTEE double rebated. P. g, f. 12. 

PATTEE sarcelled at bottom. P. g, 
f. 16. 

PATTE demi sarcelled. P. g, f. 8. 

PENDALL, or cross spindle. P. 11, 

f- 43- 

PER. Anything divided by a line 
paleways and fesseways, usually 
blazoned quarterl3\ P. 7, f. 11. 

PER PALE. P. 7, f. 10. 

PER-FECE-NEWE, Or a cross triparted 
and fretted. P. 7, f. 28. 

PERFORATED. See Pierced. 

PIERCED. The piercing is alwa3's in 
tlie middle, and if not otherwise 
expressed in circular. P. 8, f. 31. 
When the piercing is in any other 
form it must be named as lozengy. 
P. 10, f. 2. When square, or quar- 
terly as P. 7, f. 16. 

PLAIN. Is always understood to be 
a cross ar. 

PLAIN waved, also termed a watery 

cross. P. 7, f. g. 

PLATEE. When a cross is semee of 
plates. The term is also used for a 
cross formed of roundles when argent. 
See Cross Bezantee. 

POINT in point. P. 7, f. 12. 

POINTED. Same as Aiguisee. P. g, f. 45 

POINTED voided. P. 8, f. 34. 

OF sixteen points. When each ex- 
tremity has four indents. 

f- 37- 

POINTS, pointed fimbriated 


POMEL, pomelle, pometee, 

donee. P. 10, f. 28. 

POMELL flory. P. 10, f. 27 

POMMELLEE, pomclle, or 
When each end terminates with a 
knob, or ball. P. 10, f. 28. 

POMMELLE, pomelled or pommettee, 
avellaned, or a cross pommelle flory. 
P. 10, f. 27. 

POMMELLE, or pomelle crowned. P. 
10, f. 28. 

POMMELLE voided and removed. P. 
10, f. 2g. 

P. 9, 
P. 8, 
or bour- 





Cross pommelled and cresccnted. Or a 
cross coLiped at each end a crescent 
fixed to a pommel. P. lo, f. 31. 

POMMELLED, pomelle, or Crowned 
pomelle. P. 10, f. 28. 

POMMELLED Grady, or a cross de- 
graded pommelle. P. 11, f. 35. 

POMMELLED MoHne. P. 10, f, 7. 

OF four pommels. P. 11, f. 16. 

POMMETTEE, or pometty. P. 10, 
f. 28. 

DOUBLE pommelled. P. 10, f, 30. 

PORTATE. p. 8, f. 15. 

PORTATE, or portrate double and 
couped. P. g, f. 34. 

PORTATE, or portante, raguled and 
trunked. P. 11, f. 37. 

poTENCE of Saxon F. P. 11, f, 18. 

POTENT, or potence. P. 11, f. 7. 

POTENT crossed. P. 11, f. 8. 

POTENT engrailed. P. 11, f. g. 

POTENT fitchee. P. 11, f. 10. 

POTENT fiery, or fleury. P. 11, f. 

POTENT gemell. P. 11, f. 8. 

POTENT pommelled and fitched in 
the foot. P. II, f. 12. 

POTENT of all four points, double 
fitched and rebased. P. 10, f. 39. 

POTENT quadrat in the centre. P. 
II, f. 13. 

POTENT rebated, or cross cramponne. 
P. II, f. 39. 

- POTENT, the ends rounded, sur- 
mounted of a cross couped. P. 10, 

f-45- . ^ 

POTENT, repotentm four pomts. P. 11, 

f. 14. 

OF four pruning-hooks contrary em- 
bowed. Also called four coulters 
joined to a ball contrary bowed in 
the points. P. 11, f. 22. 

QUADRAT. p. II. f. 13. 

QUARTER, or quarterly pierced. P. 
7, f. 16. 

QUARTER voided. Same as quarter 
pierced. P. 7, f. 16. 


QUARTERLY quartered. When the 
field is quarterly, and the cross 
counterchanged as P. 7, f. ii. 

QUARTERLY quartered couped, the 
ends sarcelled and reverted. P. 10, 
f. 44. 

QUARTERFOiL, quatrcfoil, caterfoil, 
or four leaves conjoined in cross. 
P. II, f. 17. 

QUEUES ermine, or four ermine spots 

in cross heads in fess: 

point. P. II, 

Cross raguled, or ragiily. P. 7, f. 6. 

RAGULED and trunked. P. 11, f. 37. 

RAYONATED, rayonnatcd, rayonned, 
or rayonnant. P. 7, f. 17. 

REBATED. Is whcu a part of the 
cross is cut off. P. g, f. 32. 

REBATED annuled. P. 10, f. 36. 

REBATED lambcaux. P. 11, f. 25. 

REBATED potciit, or Patoucc rebated. 
P. II, f. 39. 

RECERCELEE, reccrsilc, or resarcelled 
disjoined. P. 10, f. 10. 

RECERCELEE VOidcd. P. II, f. 40. 

RECERCELLED of another. Same as 
a cross cotticed. P. 7, f. 22. 

RECERCELLED with eight demi fieur- 
de-Hs. P. 7, f. 42. 

RECouRSiE. Same as voided. P. 7, f. 20 

RECOURSIE couped. P. 8, f. 30. 

RECROSSETTEE, or rccrossic. p. 8, 
f. 18. Same as Cross crosslet. 

RINGED. p. 10, f. 35. 

OF roundles ends tasselled. P. 8, 
f. 9. _ 

: THE Royal Red Decorations of. See 
Royal Red Cross. 

OF the Saints. See each under their 
respective names. 

OF Saint John of Jerusalem, 
f. 42. 

SALTIER, or saltire. P. 20, f. 

AND saltiers. Sec Union-Jack. 

SARCKLE, sarcelly, sarcell, or sar- 
celled. P. 7, f. 20. 

SARCELLED dcmi. P. g, f. 8. 

Saxon wheel. See Saxon Wheel- 

IN each stem a Saxon B. 
f. 26. 

WITH eight serpents' heads, 
f. 36. 

SNAGG, or snagged. Is a cross couped 
shewing its thickness. P. 11, f. 20. 

SPINDLE, pendall, or pandall. P. 11, 
f. 43. 

STAFF. A rule used by plumbers 
and borne as part of their armorial 
ensign. It is also termed a Fore- 
staff. P. 38, f. 43. 

STAR, or Star-cross. P. 8, f. 45. 

SUR-ANCREE, or sur-anchorcd. P. 10, 

f- 34- 

SURMOUNTED of another. P. 7, f. 25. 

SURMOUNTED of a bcndlct. P. 7, f. 4. 

TAU, or cross of St. Anthony. P. g, 
f. 30. Also termed a cross com- 

TAU ends convexed mounted upon 
three grieces. P. g, f. 29. 


P. II, 


P. II, 
P. II, 




Cross ends tenantee, or tenanted. Also 
termed annukited rebated. P. lo, 
f. 36. 

THEUTONS, Teiitonick, Tholose, or 
Thoulouse. P. 8, f. 39. 

Thomas, St. Same as the cross at 
P. 8, f. 28 with the addition of an 
escallop shell in tlie centre. 

Thoulouse. Sec Theutons, and P. 8, 

f- 39- 
OF Thunder. P. 37, f. 43. 

TOUKN'E. Same as Craniponnee. 
P. II, f. 39. 

TREBLE, or triparted. P. 7, f. 30. 

TREFOIL, tretiee, or botonnee. P. 10, 
f. 20. 

OF triangles. P. 8, f. 13. 

TRIPARTED double. P. II, f. 4. 

TRIPARTED flor3\ P. lO, f. 26. 

TRIPARTED and fretted. P. 7, f. 28. 

TRON-ONNEE. P. 8, f. i6. Is a cross 
cut in pieces, which are removed 
apart, but still retain the form of the 

TRUNKED. P. 7, f. 6. 

UNDEE. P. 7, f. 8. 

UNION, or Union-jack. See Union 

URDEE,orUrdy. As Aiguisee. P.9,f.45 

URDEE, recoursie, or voided. P. 8, 
f. 34, Same as cross pointed and 

VAiR, or vair}', better to say four 
escutcheons in cross with bases to 
the centre. 

VERDEE. Same as a cross urdee. 

\^iRGiN Mary. Across pattee. P. 9, f. i 

voiDED-SARCELLED, or rcsarcellcd. 
P. 7, f. 23. 

VOIDED of another. P. 7, f. 22. 

VOIDED of the field. P. 7, f. 20. 

VOIDED and couped. Also termed 
recercelee. P. 11, f. 40. 

DOUBLE voided. P. 7, f. 23. 

WATERY, p. 7, f. g. (or Plain Cross 

WAVY, or undee. P. 7, f. 8. 

WYVERNED. When the extremities 
of the cross, end in wiverns heads, in 
the same way as a cross ending in 
serpents heads. P. 11, f. 36. 

Cross-per, or Quarterly. P. 2, f. g. 
Crossed. Charges borne crossways, 

or in the form of a cross. 
Crossell. Crossett. See Crosslet. 
Crosslet, or Crosseletty. P. 8, f. i8. 
Crossys, or Croysys. See Crosses. 
Cross Bow. An ancient weapon. Also 

termed an Arbelete or Arbalist. 

P. 37, f. 23. 

Cross-staff. A rule. P. 38, f. 43. 

Crossv/ise, or in Cross. Charges placed 
in the form of a cross, five being the 
usual number. P. 8, f. 4. 

Crotchet. A. note in music. 

Crouch, or Crowche. A cross. 

Crow. A birtl remarkable for its gre- 
garious and predatorv habits. P. j,^, 

f- 53' 

Two Crows i)endant on an arrow. P. 22, 

f. 44. Arms of Miiruock. 

Crow-cornish. S.'e Cornish Chousfh. 

Crown. Crowns were not originally 
marks of Sovereignty, but V\'ere be- 
stowed by the Greeks on those who 
gained a prize at the public games. 
At first they were only bands, or 
fillets, but subsequently assumed 
various forms according to the pe- 
culiar feat of valour the person, to 
whom they were granted had per- 

Crown. When borne as a charge if 
not named to the contrary is gener- 
ally drawn as a Ducal Coronet. 
P. 24, f. 35- . 

OF the Sovereign of Great Britain. 
Is a circle of gold richly chased 
ornamented with pearls and stones, 
and heightened up with four crosses 
pattee, and four fl^ur-de-lis alter- 
nately ; from these rise four arch- 
diadems, adorned with pearls, which 
close under a mound ensigned by a 
cross pattee, within the coronet a 
crimson cap, turned up Ermine. 
P. 24, f. i._ 

OF the Prince of Wales, etc. Se 
Coronet, and P. 24, f. 2. 

OF Austria. P. 25a, f. 14. 

OF Charlemagne. P. 25, f. i. 

CELESTL\L. A gold rim adorned 
with eight rays surmounted with 
small stars, five only of the rays are 
seen in the drawing. P. 24, f. 33. 

CIVIC, or Wreath. A garland com- 
posed of oak-leaves and acorns. 
P. 24, f. 39. 

The Corona Civica was amoncr the Romans, 
the highest ujilitary reward, assigned to 
him who had preserved the life of a citizen. 
It bore the inscrixitiou " Ob civem ser- 

DUCAL. See Ducal Coronet. P. 24, 
f. 35 and 36. 

OF Hanover. P. 25, f. 25. 

EASTERN, or Antique Crown. A gold 
rim with eight rays, of which five 
only are seen. P. 24, f. 32. 

It is given to Briti.di subjects who have 
distinguiihed themselvej in the East. 




Crowns Imperial. P. 24. f. i. 

IxDiAN Order of. See Order of the 
Crown of India. 

OF a King of Arms. P. 40, f. 57. 

OF Edward I. P. 24, f. 38. 

MURAL, or Mural Coronet. Corona 
muralis ; is a coronet with pinnacles, 
or battlements erected upon it. P. 24, 
f. 13 and 14. It is given to those 
who have assisted in storming a 

NAVAL, or Naval Coronet. Corona 
Navalis, is composed of a rim sur- 
mounted with the sterns of ships, 
and sails alternately, and is given to 
those who have distinguished them- 
selves in the Navy. P. 24, f. 16. 

oBsiDioNAL, Corona Obsidionalis. A 
reward given to him who delivered 
a besieged town, or a blockaded 
army. It was made of grass ; if 
possible of such as grew on the 
delivered place and interwoven with 
twigs of trees. P. 43, f. 2. 

OLIVE, Olive Crown, or Garland. 
Was a reward given among the 
Greeks to those who came off vic- 
torious at the Olympic games. P. 43, 


PALiSADO, or Vallary. Also termed 

Vallairie, Corona castrensis ; is de- 
picted differently as shewn at P. 24, 
f. 17 and 37. 

It is given to those who first enter the 
entrenchment of an enemy. 
The term Vallary is derived from the Latin 

The Crowns Ducal, Eastern, Mural, Naval, 
and Palisado, may ho of any tincture and 
placed on the Helmet with or without a 

They are also very frequently placed on the 
heads, or round the necks of Crests and 

PAPAL. 5^^ Tiara. P. 40, f. 59. 

Prussian. The Imperial Crown of 
Prussia. P. 25a, f. 13. 

OF the Roman Empire. P. 25, f. 5. 
See Elector of the Holy Roman 

OF Rue. The bend in the paternal 
arms of the Prince of Wales is so 
termed. P. 16, f. 40. 

P. 25, f. 29. 

P. 43, f-3- 
Corona triumphalis ; 

a wreath of laurel, which was given 
by the army to the Imperator. He 
wore it on his head at the celebra- 
tion of his triumph. P. 24, f. 34. 
Crown Vallary. See P. 24, f. 17, and 
Crown Palisado. 

OF Scotland. 
OF Thorns. 


Crowns. See P. 25, f. i and 5, 25 and 
29 ; P. 40, f. 53 and 57 ; P. 43, f. 2, 
3, 4 and 5 ; P. 25a, f. 3, 13 and 14. 

Crowned. When any animal has a 
crown or coronet on the head, it is 
said to be crowned, and if in blazon 
no particular crown is named it is 
always understood to be a Ducal 
Coronet as P. 24, f. 35. 

Crownal. See Cronel. 

Crownet. a coronet. 

Croysys. Crosses. 

Crozier. See Crosier. 

Crucell, or Crucellett. A cross cross- 

Crucily, Crusuly, or Crusilly. Sec 

Crucifix. A cross with the figure of 
Christ on it ; borne by the family of 

Crusades. Expeditions undertaken 
from the end of the eleventh to the 
end of the thirteenth century to de- 
liver the Holy Land from the Infidels 
who prevented the passage of pilgrims 
to the Holy Sepulchre. There is 
sufficient evidence that to them, we 
are indebted for the multitude of 
Crosses, Escallop shells, Byzants, 
etc., which are found in Heraldry. 
Owing to the variously coloured 
crosses, which the different nations 
who went on them assumed, tl:iey 
were called Croisades from Crux, 
or Croix, a Cross. 

Crusily, Crucily, Crusilly, Crusule, 
Crusilee, Crusuly, Semee de croix, 
or Semee of crosses. Terms to ex- 
press the field or any bearing when 
strewed or powdered over with 
crosses, without any regard to num- 
ber. P. 2, f. 40. 
Crutch. See Pilgrims Staff. 
Crux. A cross. 
Crwth. An ancient term for violin. 

P. 43, f. 25. 
Crystal. A term used by some heralds 

instead of pearl, to express argent. 
Cry of War. Sec Cri-de-guerre. 
Cube. A regular solid body with six 
equal square sides, same as the dice 
without the ace. P. 43, f. 46. 
Cubit-arm. Is the hand and arm 
couped at the elbow. P. 36, f. g. 
See Arm. 
Cuff. Part of the sleeve. See Cubit 
arms vested and cuffed. P. 36, f. 10, 




Cuirass, cuirasse. A piece of armour. 

P. 3S, f. 7- 
CuissES, Cuissots, or Cuisats. A cover, 

ing of mail for the front of the thighs 

and knees. P. 36, f. 22, 
Gullivers, Cullvers, CuiUiers, or Cub- 

boers. Same as Cuisses. 
CuLTER, or Coulter of a Plough. P. 39, 

f. 10, No. 2. 
CuLVERiN, or Culverling. A short 

piece of ordinance, the same as 

Chamber-piece. P. 37, f. 4 and 6. 
CuMBEXT. Same as Lodged. P. 28, 

f. 47 and 55. 
Cup, or Chalice. P. 42, f. 26. 
Cup, covered, or Covered-cup. P. 42, 

f. 25. 
Cup, with fleur-de-lis. Also termed a 

Flower-pot. P. 31, f. 16. 
Cup, inflamed. P. 31, f. 24. 
Cup. As in the arms of St. Alban's. 

P. 39, f. 36, No. 2. 
Cup. Out of which is a boar's head 

erect. P. 29, f. 34. 
CuPE. Same as couped. 
Cupid. The Heathen God of Love; 

is represented as a naked winged 

boy, armed with a bow and quiver. 
Cuppa. One of the furs ; composed of 

pieces of potent counter-potent, same 

as potent counter potent. P. i ; 

P. 22, f. 40. 
CuppuLES. Bars-Geniell are sometimes 

termed bars-cuppules. 
CuPPY, varry cuppa, or cuppy. Same 

as potent counter-potent. P. i. 
Curlew. An aquatic bird. P. 34, f. 31. 

CuRLY-HEADED DiVER. P. 34, f. 16. 

Curling. Same as a snake coiled. 
P. 30, f. 42. 

CuRLiNG-SToxE. A flat rouud stone 
polished on the bottom, ajid having 
a handle in the upper side used in tlie 
game of Curling. P. 36, f. 5. 

Current, Courant, or Cursant. Terms 
applied to Deer, Gre3diounds, etc., 
when running. P. 29, f. 20. 

Curriers' shaves, or Paring knives. 
As borne in the arms of the Curriers' 
Company. P. 41, f. 2. 

Curry-comb. A comb used for comb- 
ing horses. P. 37, f. S7- 

Curtal-axr. p. 37, f. 31. 

CuRTANA. The sword of Mercy, P. 38, 
f. 24. 


CuRVAL, or Curvant. Curved, or bowed- 
P. 30, f. 50. 

Curved, recurved. The same as flexed 

reflexed, and bowed embowed ; bent 

in the form of the letter S. 
CuRvi Linear. A curved line, such as 

a quadrant -; the fourth part of a circle. 
Cushat. The ring-dove. P. 34, f. 37. 
Cushion tasselled. Sometimes of a 

square form, and sometimes lozenge 

shaped. P. 40, f. 24. 
Cut. The same as sarcelled. 

CUTHBE-RT, St. Cross of. P* II, f. I. 

Cutlass. A sword. P. 38, f. 22. No, i. 

Cutting iron. A tool used by Patten- 
Makers and borne in their arms. 
P. 41, f. 7. 

Cutting-Knife. P. 22, f. 28. 

Cuttle Fish. Also called Ink-fish. 
P, 32, f, 50. 

Cyanus. The corn-flower. P. 44, f. 19. 
Also termed a Blue-bottle. 

Cyclas, Surcoat, or Tabard, Was a 
sleeveless dress, long or short, and 
open at the sides, back or front, ac- 
cording to the fancy of the wearer. 
See Tabard. 

Cygnet. A young swan. A C3^gnet 
Royal ; a Swan so termed when 
gorged with a Coronet and a chain 
affixed thereto. 

Cygnus. a swan. 

Cynkfoil. See Cinquefoil. 

Cyphers. Initial letters variously inter- 

The Orest is generally placed above tb.em. 
Cyphers, used at funerals of women, are 
email escutcheons of silk, or buckram, 
whereon are painted the initial letters of the 
deceased, placed within a borduro. 
Cyimers-reversed. P. 39, f, 31, 

Cypress. A Tree. P, 45, f. 48. 


Dacre Knot, or Badge. P. 43, f. 7. 
Dagger. A short sword. P. 38, f. 23. 
Daisy, A flower. P. 44, i, 25. 
Daisy Margarette. P. 44, f, 26. 
Damasked, Diapre, or Diapered. See 

Damask-Rose. p. 25, f. 27, and P. 44, 

Daxcette, or Dancettee. The largest 
indenting in Coat-Armoui, and its 
points never exceed three. P. 3, 
f. 14, and P. 5, f, 18, 

Dancette couped, or Fesse dancette 
couped of two pieces. Also termed 
a Fesse Emaunche couped, P. 3, 
f, 16, 



Dancette-double. Same as double- 

downset. P. 18, f. 11. 
Dancette per long. Same as pily of 

seven traits. P. 6, f. 24. 
Danche, and Dentelle. Same as 

Dancy. See Dancette. 
Danish axe. P. 37, f. 27. Termed 

Danish-hatchet. P. 37, f. 29. 
Danse. See Dancette. 
Dantelle. Same as Dancette. 
Dappled. Marked with spots. 
Dart. See Spear. P. 37, f. 22. 
Date-Palm Tree. P. 45, f. 52. 
Date, shpped. A branch of the Date 

Tree. P. 44, f. 38. 
Dauncette, Dauncy, or Daunse. Same 

as Dancette. 
Daw. a bird. P. 34, f. 37. 
Death's-head, Morts head, or Human 

skull. P. 35, f. 34. 
Death, or Skeleton. P. 35, f. 35. 
Debased, Everted, Reversed, Sub- 
verted and Subvertant. Terms to 
express anything turned downwards 
from its proper position. P. 15, f. 43. 
Debruised. a term to express any 
animal or bird, when an ordinary 
is placed over it. P. 26, f. 21. 
The term also applies to any charge over 
part of which another is placed. P. 7, f. 4. 
Debruised. Applied to serpents in 
the folding, expresses whether the 
head or tail is overlaid, or debruised 
by the other parts. P. 30, f. 27. 
Debruised, fretted. P. 16, f. 18. 
Debruised, fracted, or removed. P. 

16, f. 2 ; P. 4, f. 15. 
Decapite, or DefFait. Signifies couped. 

P. 27, f. 29. 
Dechausse, disjointed, or dismembered. 
The parts being cut off from the body, 
and placed at small distances still 
preserving the original shape. P. 26, 
f. 14. 
Decked, Adorned, or Ornamented. 

P. 35, f. 28. 
Decked, or Marguette. Is said of an 
eagle or other bird, when the feathers 
are trimmed at the edges with a small 
line of another colour. 
Declinant, or Declivant. Also termed 
pendant, recurvant, and reclinant ; 
applied to the serpent borne with the 
tail straight downwards. P. 30, f. 28. 
Decollated. The head cut off. 
Decorated. Charges may be decorated 
with heads of different animals ; if 
with those of serpents they are said 
to be gringolly, or gringolee. P. 11, 


f. 36. If with lions, leonced ; if 
eagles, aquilated ; if with peacocks, 
Decorations of Honour. See Knight- 
hood and Medals. 
Decouple, or Uncoupled. Parted, or 

Severed. P. 16, f. 4. 
DECOURS,or Decrement. iSi?^ Decrescent. 
Decrescent. The half-moon looking 

to the sinister. P. 23, f. 38. 
Deer. See Stag. 
Defamed. Being without a tail. P. 26, 

f. 6. 
Defences. The horns of a stag; the 

tusks of a boar, etc. 
Defendee, defendu, or defendre. Same 

as armed. 
Deffait. Couped. 

Degenerate. Applied to an eagle at 
gaze, aloft, wings surgiant, and left 
foot raised. P. 33, f. 14. 
Degoutte. Same as Guttee. 
Degradation of Honour. See Abate- 
Degraded. A cross degraded, has 
steps, or degrees ; also termed grieced. 
P. 8, f. 27. 
Degrees. Steps. 

Dejected. Cast down, as a garb de- 
jected or dejectant. P. 14, f. 21. 
Delf, Delph, or Delft. Is a square 
sod of earth, or turf. P. 42, f. 34. 
When the colour is tenne, it is the abate- 
ment due to the revoker of his challenge. 
When more than one is borne in a coat, they 
are called Delves. 
De-lis. Contraction for Fleur-de-lis. 
Delta-double. P. 43, f. 56. 
Delves. See Delf. 
Demembre, Dechausse, Dismembered, 
Demembred, Derrache, or Disjointed. 
See Dechausse. 
Denche. Same as Dancetty. 
Demi, or Demy. Signifies one half. e.g. 
See Demi belt. P. 42, f. 15. 
Demi bear. P. 29, f. 39. 
Demi dragon. P. 27, f. 20. 
Demi eagle. P. 33, f. 8. 
Demi fesse. P. 4, f. 24. Fleur-de-lis. P. 44, 

f. 11. Fish. P. 32, f. 7. 
Demi griffin. P. 27, f. 4. 
Demi lion. P. 2G, f. 31. 
Demi man. P. 35, f. 25. 
Demi talbot. P. 29, f. 14. 
Demi unicorn. P. 27, f. 37. 
Demi vol. P. 33, f. 26, No. 1. 

Denis, St. Cross of. P. 7, f. i. 
Dentals, Dented, Dentels, or Dentelle. 

See Indented. 
Dented. A term sometimes used to 

express the teeth of an animal. 




Denticules, Denticles, or Denticulated. 

Small square pieces. P. 13, f. 20. 
Depending. Hanging from. 
Depressed. See Debruised. 
Descendant. See Eagle descendant. 

P. 33 . f- 17- . 
Descendant, displayed. P. 33 , f. 17. 
Descending. A term used for a lion 

with its head turned towards the base 

of the shield. 
Descent. Is when any beast is borne 

as if springing from a higher to a 

lower part, as from chief to base, 
Despectant, or Dejectant. Looking 

Despouille. The whole skin of a 

beast, with head, feet, tail, etc. 
Detranche. a line drawn bendways, 

either above or below the party per 

bend line. 

Detriment. Tbe moon is said to be 
in her detriment when depicted as 
P. 23, f. 37. 

Developed. Unfurled, as colours fly- 
ing. P. 43, f. 48. 

Device. Any representation, emblem, 
or hieroglyphic ; a painted metaphor. 

Devouring, or Gorging. Applied to 
animals, fish, etc., in the act of 
swallowing anything. P. 30, f. 55. 

Dewlaps. Wattles. 

Dexter. The right hand side of the 
escutcheon, i.e. the left to the spec- 

Dexter-chief, and Dexter base. See 
Points of the Escutcheon. P. i. 

Dexter-side. A portion of the shield, 
one sixth of its breadth, cut off by a 
perpendicular line. P. 22, f. 10. 

Dez. a die. See Dice. 

Diadem. The fillets, or circles of gold, 
which close on the tops of the Crowns 
of Sovereigns, and support the mound. 
The Torse, or Band, on a Blackamoor's head 
is sometimes termed a Diadem. 

Diadematee, or Diademed. A term 
applied to the imperial double headed 
eagle, which bears a circlet, or diadem 
differing from the kingly crown. 

Diamond. A precious stone ; used in 
blazon to express sable. 

Dial. See Sun Dial, and P. 39, f. 44. 

Diaper, Diapre, Diapered, or Diaper- 
ing. Formerly used, in arms painted 
on glass. It was covering the field 
with little squares, and filling them 
with a variety of figures, or with a 
running ornament according to the 
fancy of the painter. P. 22, f. 27. 

Dibble. A pointed instrument used 
for making holes for planting seed. 
P. 39, f. 13, No. 3. 

Dice. Pieces of bone, or ivory, of a 
cubical form marked with dots on 
each face. P. 43, f. 46. 

DiDAPPER. A bird. P. 34, f. 24. 

Die. See Dice. 

Diffame, or Defamed. An amimal, 
borne without a tail. P. 26, f. 6. 

Differences, or Brisures. Certain 
additions to Coat Armour in order to 
distinguish one branch of a family from 
another. See Cadency, and Distinc- 
tion of Houses. P. 46. 
Eoyal Diiferences. P. 16, f. 40 to 45. and 
P. 25a, f. 1 and 2. 

Differencing is sometimes used in the 
same sense as Cadency ; but, strictly, 
it is distinct, having reference to 
alliance and dependency, without 
blood relationship, or to the system 
adopted for distinguishing Coats of 
Arms. Boutell. 

Digamma. p. II, f. 18. 

Digging-iron. See Spade. 

DijRiD. A javlin. P. 37, f. 22. 

Dilated. Opened widely, or extended. 
Applied to Barnacles, pair of Com- 
passes, etc. P. 37, f. 56, and P. 41, f. 31. 

Dimidiation, or Dimidiated. A term 
used to express anything which has 
a part cut off, a halving ; a method 
of joining two coats of arms ; and 
was formerly used in joining the arms 
of a husband and wife. 
Three herrings were the ancient arms of 
Great Yarmouth, at a subsequent period, as 
a mark of Eoyal favour, the arms of En- 
gland were borne in chief, and in base az. 
three herrings naiant two and one argent ; 
but when the fashion of Dimidiation was 
introduced the Royal arms were placed on 
the dexter side, and those of Yarmouth cm 
the sinister, by which means the fore parts 
of the lions of England became joined to the 
hind parts of the herrings of Yarmouth. 
P. 22, f. 18. A Eose and Thistle dimidiated 
as P. 25, f. 3. The Badge of James I. 

Diminution of Arms. A termed used 
instead of differences. 

Diminutives. This term is only applied 
to the modifications of certain of the 
Ordinaries which resemble them in 
form, but are inferior to them in 
breath, and should not be charged. 
Diminutives of the Bar. The Closet, Barru- 
let and Bar-Gemel. P. 5. 
of the Bend. Garter, Cost, and Eibbon. 

P. 17. 
of the Bend Sinister. Scarpe, and 

Baton. P. 17. 
of the Bordure. Orle, and Tressure. 
P. 5 and 35. 




Diminutives of the Cheveron. Chevroual 
and Couple-close. P. 15. 
J, of the Flasque. Voider. P. 5. 
of the Pale. Pallet and Endorse. P. 14 

Dirk. A Dagger. P. 38, f. 23. 

Disarmed. An animal or bird is so 
termed when depicted without claws, 
teeth, or beak. 

Disclosed. A term to express the 
wings of an eagle, or other bird, 
spread open on either side of the head, 
with the points downwards; it is also 
termed Overt, Flotant, Hovering, and 
wings displayed inverted. P. 33, f. 3. 

Disclosed, Elevated, or Rising. It is 
also termed Rowsant, or wings ex- 
tended and stretched out. P. 33, f. 2. 

Dishevelled. The hair flowing loose- 
ly. P. 35, f. 6. P. 22, f. 24. 

Dish. As borne in the arms of Standish. 
P. 39, f. 36, No. 3. 

Disipline. See Scourge. 

Disjointed. A Chevron is said to be 
disjointed when its blanches are 
sawn asunder. P. 16, f. 4. A Lion 
disjointed. P. 26, f. 14. 

Dismembered. An animal depicted 
Vv-ithout legs or tail ; this term is also 
used in the sense of disjointed or Tron- 
onnee as P. 8, f. 16. 

Displayed. A term to express the 
position of the wings of eagles, etc., 
when expanded, or disclosed. P. 33, 


Displayed recursant, or Tergiant. The 
wings crossing each other, sometimes 
termed backward displayed, the 
wings crossing, P. 33, f. 18. 

Displayed foreshortened. P. 33, f. 15. 

Displuming. A plucking of feathers, 
the same as Preying. P. 33, f. 12. 

Disposed, or Disponed. Arranged. 

Distended. A Falcon wings distend- 
ed. P. 33, f. 33. 

Distillatory, double armed. As in the 
arms of the Distillers' Company. 
P. 39, f. 29. 

Distilling, or Shedding. In Heraldry 
and in old English is equivalent to 
"dropping with" or sending forth. 
P. 23, f. 29. P. 36, f. 50. 

Distinction of Houses, Differences, 
Brizures, or Marks of Cadency. Are 
used to distinguish the younger from 
the elder branches of a family, and 
to show from what line each is de- 

Thus in Modern Heraldry the Eldest son. 
during his Father's lifetime, bears a Label, 
the second a Crescent, the third a Mullet, 
the fourth a Martlet, etc. See P. -IG. 

These distinctions are placed in the shield at 
the middle chief, or in a quarterly coat at 
the fess point. See term Cadency. 
In the case of the Eoyal Family, each 
member bears the Label, extending across 
the shield ; the points of which are 
variously charged, and are borne on the 
crest and supporters. P. IG, f. 40 to 45, 
and P. 25a, f . 1 and 2. 

Distinguished Service Order. By the 
Statutes of the Order, which was 
created by Ro37al Warrant bearing 
date 6. Sep., 1886, none but Naval 
and Military Commissioned Officers 
are eligible for the distinction, and it 
is necessary that their services shall 
have been marked by the special 
mention of their names in despatches 
for meritorious or distinguished ser- 
vice in the Field, or before the Enemy. 
Foreign Officers under certain cir- 
cumstances are eligible to be honory. 

Companions of this Order take rank imme- 
diately after Companions of the Order of the 
Indian Empire. 

The Badge to consist of a gold Cross ena- 
melled white, within a wreath of laurel ena- 
melled green, the Imperial Crown in Gold, 
upon a red enamelled ground, and on the 
reverse, within a similar wreath and similar 
red ground the cypher V.E.I, to be worn 
suspended from the left breast by a red 
ribbon edged blue of one inch in width. 
P. 31, f. 14. 

Disvelloped. Displayed, or open, as 
a banner displayed. P. 43, f. 4S. 

Diver. Curly-Headed. P. 34, f. 16. 

Diverse. A term used to express the 
position of three swords when placed 
in pairle, P. 31, f. 26. 

Diving, or Urinant. Any fish, borne 
with its head downwards, more com- 
monly blazoned reversed. P. 32, f. 12. 

Division. The dividing of the field by 
any of the partition lines. 

DocK-leaf. P. 45, f. 18. 

Doe. The Female deer. Two does, 
or hinds counter tripping. P. 28, 

f- 53. 

Dog-fish. A species of shark. P. 32, 
f. 44. 

Dogs. The Dog or Hound is very 
commonly met with in Heraldry, and 
when simply blazoned "Z^og"" is 
depicted as "hound." P. 29, f. 13. 
Those of most frequent use are the Talbot 
and Greyhound ; see al; o Alant, Bloodhound, 
Bull-dog, Pointer, Mastiff, etc. P. 2J, f. 12 
to 30. 

Dog, sleeping. P. 29, f, 30. 
Dog's Collar. As borne in Armory. 
P- 43> f- 43> No. 2. 




Dolphin. Generally drawn naiant em- 
bowed, and therefore unnecessary to 
name it. P. 32, f. i. But if borne 
hauriant or torqued, as f. 2, or in any 
ottier position, it must be mentioned. 
The Dolphin, in Herah'.ry, seems ori;jinally 
to have conveyed an idea of Sovereit=fnty. 
The first of the Troubadours was called the 
Dauphin, or Knij^ht of the Dolphin, from 
bearing that figure on his shield. 
I'he Dolphin appears to have been employed 
on early Greek coins as an emblem of 
the sea. 

Ycs.oasian had medals struck with a dolphin 
entwining: an anchor, in token of the naval 
superiority of Rome. 

Dolphin in Archao'ogy the embleai of swift- 
ness, diligence, and love. 

Domed. Having a cupola. P. 23, f. 12, 

Dominion, Arms of. See Arms of 

DoNjoNNE, or Dungeoned. Said of a 
Tower which has an inner tower 
rising above its battlements. 

DooR-BOLT. P. 42, f. 14. 

DOOR-HING. i.d. 

DooR-LOCK. i.d. f. 13. 

DoOR-STAPLE. i.d. f. 14. 

DooRANEE. Badge of the Order of. 

P. 25, f. ig. 
Doric-column. See Column. 
Dormant. Sleeping. P. 26, f. 46 ; 

P. 2g, f. 30. 
Dors, and Dors endorsed. Back to 

back. P. 26, f. 15. 
Dossers, See Water-Bouget. 
Double Arched. Having two arches 

or bends. P. 12, f. 38. 
Double Beveled. P. 4, f. ig. 
Double catcirfoil, or Qaatrefoil. P. 44, 

f. 18. 
Double downsett, or Dauncettee. P. 4, 

f. 25. 
Double eagle. Sec Spread Eagle. P. 33, 

f. 6. 
Double escartelled, or E-scartellee. 

P. 4, f- 34- 
Double fitchee. P. g, f. 17. 

Double fretted, or Fret fretted. P. 5, 

f. 23. 
Double headed, or Don headed. P. 26, 

f. g. 
Double labels, or tags. P. 16, f. 34. 
DouBLE-leaved Gate, triple-towered en 

an ascent of four degrees. P. 23, 

f. 16. 
Double nowed, or nowyed. A bend 

double nowed. P. 18, f. 22. 
Double orie, or Orle of two pieces. 

P- 5. f- 33- 
Double orle, saltier and cross, composed 

of chains passing from an annulet in 

the centre. P. 20, f. 45. 

Double parted. Divided into two. 

P. 7, f. 26. 
Double plume of Ostrich's feathers. 

P. 43, f. 3g. 
Double pointed dart. See Spear. 
Double queued. Having two tails. 

P. 26, f. 2. 
Double rose. P. 3, f. 21. 
Double slipped. P. 44, No. 5, f. 14. 
DouBLE-TETE. Having two heads. 

P. 26, f. g. 
Double topped. Sprigs or branches 

having two tops from one stem. 

P. 45, f. 7. 
Double torqued. The folding of a 

Serpent in the form of two Roman 

S's, one above the other. 
Double tressure flory counterflory. 

P. 2, f. 43, and P. 35, f. 16. 
Doublet. See Traverse. P. 21, f. 41. 
Doublings. The linings of the mantle, 

or lambrequin. P. 8, f. 21, and P. 3^, 

f. 16. 
Dove. The emblem of Peace and 

Chastity. As an Heraldic crest gener- 
ally depicted with the olive branch in 

its beak. P. 33, f. 42. 

Dove regaardant and Doves billing. Sj.e 

P. 31, f. 25 and 27. 

Dove, with dexter wing expanded and 

See Title Page. The Arms of, the College 
of Arms. 

Dove, displayed in glory, or in the 
glory of the sun. P. 22, f. 4. 
Termed the Holy Dove. 

Dove-cot, or Dove-house. P. 43, f. 52. 

Dovetail. A tenon made by letting 
one piece, in the form of a dove's tail 
into a corresponding cavit}' in another. 

P. i; P. 3, f-5; P- 15. f-24- 

Dovetailed. In the form of Dovetails. 
P. 12, f. g. 

Downsett. P. 18, f. 14. 

Dragon. A Fabulous creature, repre- 
sented as a strong and fierce animal, 
and depicted as P. 27, f. ig. 
On the same plate %vill be found, a Demi 
Dragon, Dragon' j head couped. Dragon sans 
wings, legs, etc. 

Dragon with two heads vomiting fire. 
P. 27, f. 24. 

Dragon's head couped. P. 27, f. 29. 

Dragon's head. When arms are 
blazoned by the planets, Dragon's 
head implies Tawney. P. i. 

Dragon's head and wings endorsed. 
P. 27, f. 21. 

Dragons interlaced. P. 27, f. 22. 

Dragon's tail. In blazon implies !\Iurrey 

colour, or Sanguine. P. i. 



Dragony, or Dragonne. A term applied 
to a Wivern whose head and tail are 
of a different tincture from its body. 

Drake, or Duck. P. 34, f. 22. 

Drapeau. An ensign, or standard. 

Drawing-board. SameasGrose. P. 41, 
f. 3. 

Drawing-iron. An instrument used by 
wire-drawers. P. 42, f. 33. 

Drinking-cup. p. 31, f. 16. 

Dromedary. P. 27, f. 47. 

Droped. Same as Guttee. 

Dropping, or Shedding. Su Distilling, 
and P. ^6, f. 50. 

Drops. Si:^ Guttee. 

Drum and Drum Sticks. P. 43, f. 26. 

Ducal Coronet. Is depicted with three 
strawberry leaves as P. 24, f. 35. If 
with more, they must be named as a 
Ducal Coronet of five leaves, f. 36. 
The Ducal coronet has recently received the 
name of Crest-Coronet. 
Duchess. The wife of a Duke, her 
Coronet the same as that of her hus- 
band. She is styled ' Your Grace," 
and is " Most Noble." 
Duciper. A Chapeau. P. 40, f. 54. 
Duck. A Water-fowl. P. 34, f. 22. 
When represented without either 
beak or feet is termed Cannet. 
DucK-MuscovY. P. 34, f. 21. 
DuFOiL, or Twyfoil. Having only two 

Dug, or Woman's breast. P. 43, f. 34. 

See Woman's breast. 
Duke. The highest order of the English 

The firdt Duke of England, properly so called, 
was Edward the Black Prince, who was called 
Duke of Cornwall in 13:37, and the first born 
son of the iSovereign of England is Duke of 
Cornwall from his birth. The title is 
hereditary, and a Duke's eldest son is by 
courtesy styled Marquess, and the younger 
sons Lords, with the addition of their 
christian name. The daughters of a Duke 
are styled Ladies. 
Duke's Coronet, or Crown. P. 24, 

f. 42. 
Duke's Mantle. Is distinguished by 
having four guards or rows of fur on 
the dexter side. The engraved ex- 
ample of a mantle at P. 35, f. 16, is 
that of a Marquess, shewing three 
rows and half of fur. See Robe. 
Dung-fork. P. 39, f. 14, No. i. 
Dung-hill Cock. See Cock. P. 34, 

f. I. 
Duparted. The same as biparted. 
Dun-Fly. The same as Gad-Fly. 
P. 30, f. 21. 


DwAL. An herb ; also called night- 
shade, and in blazon signifies sable. 

Dyke. A wall fesswise broken down in 
some places, is blazoned a "Dyke" 
and borne by the name of Graham. 


Eagle. Emblematical of fortitude and 
magnaminity of mind. The Romans 
used the figure of an eagle for their 
ensign, and their example has been 
often followed. It is the Device of 
Russia, Austria, Germany, and the 
United States of America, P. 25a, 
f. 15 ; and the Emperors of France, 
P. 33, f. 24. 

In Blazon, when the talons, or claws and 
beak, are' of a ditfereut tincture to the other 
p;irt, it is- said to be armed of such a colour. 
When the claws or talons are borne in arm^, 
they should be turned towards the dexter 
side of the escutcheon, unless expressed to 
the contrary. P. 33, f. 21. 

Eagle. P. 33, f. i. 

EAGLEMescending, or descendant, f. 16. 

Eagle descendant displayed, f. 17. 

Eagle displayed, f. 5. 

Eagle displayed, recursant. f. 18. 

Eagle displayed foreshortened, f. 15. 

Eagle displayed wings inverted, f. 7, 
and P. 14, f. 6. .^ 

Eagle displayed sans legs. f. g. 

Eagle displayed with two heads, com- 
monly called a Spread Eagle, f. 6. 
Symbolical of the Eastern and Western 
Roman Empire. 

Eagle at gaze aloft, f. 14. 

Eagle Imperial of France, f. 24. 

Eagle imperial, f. 6. 

Eagle mantling, f. 11. 

Eagle perched. P. 33, f. ig. 

Eagle preying. P. 33, f. 12. 

Eagle reguardant. f. 4. 

Eagle rising, or rousant. f. 2. 

Eagle Royal, f. 6. 

Eagle spread, f. 6, 

Eagle statant. f. i. 

Eagle surgeant tergiant. f. 10. 

Eagle volant. P. 33, f. 16 and 17. 

Eagle wings endorsed and inverted, 
f. 13. 

Eagle wings endorsed and elevated, 
P. 25a, f. g. 

Eagle wings expanded and inverted. 

P- 33. f- 3- 
Eagle demi displayed with two heads. 

f. 8. 
Eagle demi displayed erased sans legs. 

f. g. 




Eagle's head erased. P. 33, f. 20. 
Eagle's head couped between two 

wings, f. 2g. 
Eagle's wing, or Eagle's sinister wing. 

f. 26, No. I. 
Eagle's wangs endorsed, f. 26, No. 2. 

For other examples of the Blazon of Eagles 

see P. 33. 

Eagle's wings conjoined in base. f. 27, 

and P. 22, f. 31. 
Eagle's wings conjoined in lure. P. 33, 

f. 28. 
Eagle's leg erased at the thigh, termed 

a la quise. f. 21. 
Eagle's leg erased, conjoined at the 

thigh to a sinister wing, f. 22. 
Eagle's leg couped, conjoined at the 

thigh to a plume of Ostrich's feathers. 

f. 23. 
Eagle's talon, or claw. f. 21. 
Eaglet. A term used by some Heralds 

to express small eagles when several 

are borne in a coat. 
Eared. When the ears of animals 

differ in tincture from the body, 

they are blazoned eared of such a 

tincture. P. 29, f. 14. 

This term also applies to corn, when the 

stalk or blade differs from the ear in tincture. 

Earl. A title next below a Marquess. 
The Earl is distinguished by his 
Coronet and Mantle. See Coronet 
and Robe. The wife of an Earl is 
called .Countess. The eldest son of 
an Earl is by courtesy a Viscount, 
his other sons are " Honourable," 
and all the daugliters Ladies. 

Earl's Coronet. P. 24, f. 44. 

Earl Marshal of England. A great 
officer, who had, anciently, several 
courts under his jurisdiction, as the 
Court of Chivalry and the Courts 
of Honour. Under him is the 
Herald's office, or College of Arms. 
The office of Earl Marshal belongs 
by hereditary right to the Duke of 

Ears of Corn. \\'heat, Barley, and 
Rye ; all are borne in Coat Armour. 
P. 45> f- 13 and 16. 

Eastern Crown, or Coronet. Also 
termed Antique Crown. P. 24, f. 32. 

Eau. See Guttee d'eau. P. i. 

EcAiLLE. Scaled. j 

Ecartele. Quartering. 

EcARTELE en sautoir. Party per Saltire. 

Echiquete, Echiquette, and Echiquier. 
Terms for Chequy. 

Eclipsed. Is said of the Sun and 
Moon when either partially or wholly 

obscured, the face and rays being 
sable. P. 23, f. 37. 

EcussoN. An inescutcheon. 
EcussoN a bouche. Sec a bouche. 
Edged. Sec Fesse Edged. P. 4, f. 3. 

Edged double. See Bend double edged. 

P. 17, f. 30. 
Edock-leaf. p. 45, f. 26. 

Edmund St. Banner of. Az. three Crowns 

or. P. 46, f. 18. 
Eel. a fish. P. 32, f. 41. 
Eel-Conger naiant. P. 32, f. 41a. 

Eel-spear. An instrument for catching 
eels. P. 38, f. 60. 

Effeare, or Eff"are. Salient, or spring- 

Effellonie. Said of a lion when drawn 
as salient, but in a perfect upright 

Effett. a lizard. P. 36, f. 12. 

Effraye. Rampant. 

Eft. a lizard. P. 39, f. 24. 

Eguisce, Eguisee, or Aiguisee. Same 
as pointed, or urdee. P. 9, f. 45. 

EiGHTFOiL. A double Quaterfoil. P. 44, 
f. 18. 

Elder-leaf and Branch. P. 44, f. 50. 

Elector of the Holy Roman Empire. 
Crown of. P. 25, f. 5. 

Electoral-Bonnet, or Crown. P. 40, 
f. 56. 

Elephant. A Quadruped. P, 27, f. 28. 
A very appropriate bearing for those who 
have distinguished themselves in the East, 
and i.? of common use in Armory. Elephants 
are borne in Coat Armour with and without 
Castles on their backs. P. 27, f. 33. The 
trunk is also frequently met with as a bear- 
ing, and is always blazoned a Proboscis. 
P. 29, f. 50. 

Elevated. Raised applied to the wings 
of birds when open and upright. 
P. 33, f. 2. 

Elevated and endorsed. P. 25A, f. g. 

Eliptic circle. P. 3, f. 30. 

Elk. a large quadruped of the Stag- 
kind. P. 28, f. 36. 

Elles. See Ailes. 

Elm-leaf. P. 45, f. 21. 

Elm-trer. p. 45, f. 51. 

Elvers, Elves, Griggs, or Eels. P. 32, 
f. 41. 

Emanche, Maunch, Manche, or 
Maunche. A sleeve. P. 40, f. 31. 

Emaunchee. a term used by Feme 
for Dacette of two pieces. P. 3, f. 16. 

Emaux de I'Escu. The metal and 
colour of the shield. 

Embatalid. See Crenelle. 

EMB 5+ 

Embattled, or Imbattled. Also termed 
Crenelle. When the Ordinary, or 
Lines of partition are formed like the 
battlements of a Castle. P. 3, f. 8. 
P. 19, f. 2. 

Embattled counter-embattled. When 
both sides of an ordinary have em- 
battlements. P. 3, f. 9, and P. 17, 

f. 17. 

Embattled-grady. p. I, p. 4, f. 23. 

Emblem. An illusive picture, a painted 

Emblem of the Sacrament. Shield. 
Gu. three cups or., at the top of each 
a plate (wafer). 

Emblems of the Passion. See Instru- 
ments of the Passion. 

Emblem of the Crucifixion. Shield. 
Ar. a heart wounded betw. a dexter 
and sinister hand in chief, and a 
dexter and sinister foot pierced in 
base gu. 

Emblem of St. Paul. Shield. Gu. 
two swords in saltire ppr. 

Emblem of St. Peter. Shield. Gu. 
two keys in saltire or. 

Emblem of the Trinity. The Shield is 
either gu. or az. The device four 
plates, two in chief, one in the middle 
point, and one in base, conjoined to 
each other by an Orle, and a pall ar. 
with the words as at P. 22, f, i. See 

Embordured, or Embordered. Said of 
a Bordure when of the tincture as 
the field. 

Embowed. When the arm is bent back, 
with the elbow to the dexter. P. 36, 
f. 16. 

Embov/ed contrar\^, or counter embow- 
ed. Bowed to the sinister side. P. 36, 
f. 21. 

Embowed debruised. The tail of a 
serpent is termed Embowed debruised 
when turned round, the end overlaid 
by the fold, and projecting under- 
neath. P. 30, f. 27. 

Embov/ed-dejected. i.e. bowed with 
the extremity turned downwards. 

Embraced. Braced togetlier, tied, or 
bound. Also used to express a dexter 
and sinister arm embowed as P. 36, 
f. 18. 

Embracing. T'ne serpents in the Ca- 
duceus as P. 30, f. 56, are sometimes 
so termed. 

Embrasure. The interval between 
the cop's of a battlement. 

Embrued. An}' weapon depicted with 
blood on it. P. 37, f. 11. 


Emeaux de I'escu. Tinctures of the 

Emerald. A precious stone, and in 
blazoning signifies green. P. i. 

Emerasses. Small escutcheons fixed 
to the shoulders of an armed Knight. 

Emet, S:e Enmiet. 

Emew, or Emeu. See Emu. P. 34, 
f. II. 

Emitting. Sending forth fire, rays, 
etc. P. 27, f. 24. P. 28, f. 12. 

Emmancee, Viuree, and Serrated. In- 

Emmanche. Dancettee of two. P. 3, 
f. 16. See Emaunchee. 

Emmanche, Creneaux, Embattled or 
Crennellee. P. 17, f. 15. 

Emmet, Ant, or Pismire. P. 30, centre 
figure, f. 7. 

Emmusellee. Muzzled. P. 29, f. 37. 

Emu, or Cassowary. An Australian 
bird. P. 34, f. II. 

En ALU RON. A term to express a borduie 
charged v/ith birds, the number must 
be named. P. 13, f. 37. 

Enarched, or Inarched. P. 15, f. 32. 

Enarchee. Arched, or Enarched. 

Enakmed. See Attired. 

En Arriere. i.e. going forward, any- 
thing with its back in viev/. P, 33, 
f. 17. 

Enceppe. Fettered, Chained, or Girt, 
about the middle as the Monkey. 
P. 29, f. 57 and 58. 

Encircled. Surrounded with anything. 
See Enfiled. 

Enclave, or Inclave. Anything jointed 
or let one into the other. P. 12, f. 36. 

Enclosed. The same as Between. 

Encountering. Opposed to each 
other. P. 26, f. 16. 

Encoupled. Joined together. See 

Endenchee, or Endentee, Indented. 
See Indentee. 

Endorce, Endorse, or Indorse. A dim- 
inutive of the Pale of which it is one 
eighth part. P. 14, f. 3. 

Endorse. As the preceding. Seldom 
borne but when a pale is between two 
of them. P. 14, f. 4. 

Endorsed, Indorsed, or Addorsed. 
Placed back to back. P. 26, f. 15. 
P. 33, f. 26. 

Enfield. A fictitious animal having 
the head of a Fox, chest of a Grey- 
hound, fore claws, or talons of an 
Eagle, bodv of a Lion, hind legs antl 
tail of a Wolf. P. 27, f. 56. 

Enfiladed. See Enfiled. 


Entiled. Sometimes expressed by the 
term pierced through, or transfixed. 
When the blade of a sword, shaft of 
a spear, etc., is passed through any 
charge, such as the head of a man, 
boar, etc. ; it is said to be enfiled 
with that charge as P. 36, f. 51. 
Any other bearing may be similarly enfiled, 
eg. The Badge of the Prince of Wales is 
three Ostrich feathers, enfiled with a Prince's P. 6, f. 21. A barrulet enfiled 
with an annulet. P. 12, f. 40 ; P. 43, f. 20. 

England, Badge of. P. 3, f. 21. Crest 
of England. P. 26, f. 27. 

Englante. Term for an Oak tree 

Englishman's head. Sec Head. 

Englislet. An escutcheon of Pretence. 

Engouled, Engoulant, Devouring, 
Gorging, Ingullant, or Swallowing. 
Applied to animals, fish, etc., in the 
act of swallowing anything. P. 30, 
f. 55, and P- 32, f. 5. 

Engoulee. a term for crosses, saltires, 
etc., when their extremities enter the 
mouths of lions, leopards, etc. P. i8, 
f. 27. 

Engrailed. A term to express the 
edge of any ordinary when composed 
of semicircular indents. P. i ; P. 3, 
f. 2 ; P. 7, f. 5. 

Engresle. See Engrailed. 

Engrossing-Block. A tool used by 
wire-drawers. P. 42, f. 36. 

Enguiche. a term used to describe 
the great mouth of a hunting horn, 
when the rim is of a different tincture 
from the horn itself. 

Enhanced. Removed above its proper 
place. P. 15, f. 36. 

Enhendee. a Cross so called the 
same as a Cross potence. 

Enleve. See Enhanced. 

Enmanche. When the chief has lines 
drawn from the centre to the upper 
edge to the sides as P. 12, f. 43. 

En pied. A bear erect on its hind feet 
is said to be en pied. The term is 
also used for Statant. 

Enquirir Arms, or Armes pour en- 
quirir. Arms which, being contrary 
to the general rule, excite enquiry 
wliy the grantor should have placed 
metal upon metal, or colour upon 
colour, as in the Arms of Jerusalem, 
viz. ar. a cross-crosslet cantoned with 
four plain crosses or. said to sym- 
bolize the five wounds of Christ. Sec 
Inquire Arms of. 

Enrased. The same as Indented. 



Ensign. A Flag. See also Banner, 
Flag, and Standard. 

The ensign of the Royal Navy is white with 
St. George's cross cantoned with the Union 
Jack. The Naval Reserve is blue with the 
Union Jack in the dexter chief. That of the 
Merdiant Service is a red flag with the Union 
Jack as the last. P. 25a, f. 5 and 6. 

Ensigned. a shield, or charge, having 
a Crown, Coronet, Mitre, or Helmet, 
placed above it, is said to be ensigned 
with such a Crown, etc. P. 8, f. 21 ; 
P. 42, f. 3 ; P. 43, f. 50. 

En Surcoat, Surtout, or Sur-le-tout. 
An escutcheon placed upon the centre 

of the Shield of Arms. P. 31, f. ,. 

10, 2g, and 42. 
Entangled. Fretted. 
Ente. Engrafted. See the following. 
Ente in point. Grafted in point. P. 21, 

Ente en rond. Differs from Indented, 

inasmuch that tlie cuts are made 

round in and out. 
Ente. A partition of the field like 

Entire. Throughout ; also termed 

fixed, or firm, being attached to the 

sides of the shield as a Cross pattee 

entire. P. g, f. 7. 
Entoire, Entoyer, or Entoyre. A term 

used when tiie bordure is charged 

with inanimate things as a bordure 

entoyre of escallops. P. 13, f. 36. 
Entoured. a term to express a shield 

externally decorated with branches, 

or ornaments not heraldic. P. 31, 

f. 42. 
Entrailed. An outline only, 2.Z a 

cross entrailed. P. 10, f. 41. 
Entwined. Anything twisted round 

something else ; as a snake entwined 

round a rod, etc. P. 30, f. 58. 
Entwisted or Annodated. The same 

as Entwined, the folds being more 

open. P. 30, f. 56. 
Enurny. Said of a bordure when 

charged with animals. P. 13, f. 38. 
Envecked. See Invecked. 
Enveloped, Enwrapped, or Inwrapped. 

See Entwined. 
Environed, or Environnee bound round, 

or about, the same as wreathed. 

P. 36, f. 37- ^ , J 

Enwarped. The same as Enveloped. 
Enwrapt, or Enwrapped. Same as 

Entwined. P. 36, f. 49. 
Epaulier. The armour on the shoulder. 
Epimacus. See Opinicus. 
Episcopal, or Bishop's staff. P. 22, 

f. 2 ; P. 42, f. 45. 
Eploye. Displayed. 




Equilateral-triangle, P, 43, f. 56. 

Equippe. Armed at all points. P. 36, 
f. 27. 

Equipped. Applied to a horse when 
furnished with all his trappings. 

Equire, Esquire, or Squire. Similar 
to the Gyron ; it is also termed Base 
Esquire. P. 21, f. 24, and f. 42. 

Equise. Same as Aiguise. 

Equites aurati ; Golden horsemen, i.e. 
Knights with golden spurs. 

Eradicated. Torn up by the roots. 
P. 45. f- 31. and f. S7' 

Erased, or Erazed. Torn off, having 
a jagged edge as a Lion's head erased. 
P. 26, f. 25 and 38. 

It also expresses the lower part of the neck 
when of a different colour from the rest. 
P. 28, f. 3. Observe if the head were per- 
fesse the partition line would be in the centre. 

Erect. Upright, as a boar's head erect 
and erased. P. 29, f. 33. 

Erect. Applied to wings w^hen ex- 
tending outwards. P. 32, f. 2. In- 
verted when downwards. P. 33, f. 7. 

Erected endorsed. Two things borne 
upright, back to back. P. 42, 1. 10. 

Erm. Contraction for Ermine. 

Ermeyn. See Ermine. 

Ermine. A little animal about the size 
of a squirrel, and borne by several 
families as their Crest. P. 30, f. 16. 

Ermine. A white fur with black tufts. 
P. I. 

Ermines; also a fur, being black, with 
white tufts, ib. 

Erminois. a fur of gold and black 
tufts, i.b. 

The opposite fur to this i.e. black with gold 
tufts is termed Pean ib. 

Erminetes, or Erminites. Another 

fur with black tuft, having a red 

hair on each side of it. 
Ermyn. Same as Ermine. 
Irne. An eagle. 

luiRANT. An old term for haurient. 
Escallop-shell. A badge much used 

by Pilgrims, and is a common bearing 

in Coat Armour. P. 42, f. 42. 
Escallopee, or Counter scallopee. Also 

termed Papellonne. P. 18, f. 7. P. 

2, f. 22. 
EscARF. i.e. a scarf, or band. As a 

sheaf of arrows bound with an escarf. 

P. 37, f- 21. 
Escarbuncle. Is always depicted with 

eight points as P. 43, f. 57, if not 

named to the contrary. 

In the Arms of Phcrpowe is an escarbuncle 

of six points or rays, and iu those of Kuthfio 

one of twelve points. Sometimes blazoned 
an escarbuncle pomete and florety, or 
pomette and florette. 

The Carbuncles, or Escarbuncles, were orio;i. 
nally merely ornamental points of the shield. 
It is said from the Boss was developed the 
endless varieties of the Crosses which are 
abundant in armoury, and from the other 
streng-thening bands of the shield were 
derived the ordinaries of the armorial system. 

Escarpe. Same as Scarpe. 

Escarrcned. Same as chequy. 

EscARTELEE. When the straight line is 
cut off in the middle, with a perfect 
square, into an ordinary or partition, 
P.I. P. 21, f. 17. It is also a French 
term for quartered or quarterly. 

EsCARTELEE GRADY. P. 4, f. 23 and 34. 

EscARTELEE pointed, p. ig, f. 8. 

EscARTELLED, Cut, or notched in a 
square form ; a Pattee escartelle. 
P. 9, f. 8. 

EscARTELLED-couNTER, Or Doublc. The 
same as per bend, two piles triple 
pointed, bowed and counterposed, 
bend sinisterwise counterchanged. 
P. 19, f. 17. 

EscATTLE grady. Same as escartele 
grady, or embattled grady, P. 4, f. 34, 

EscHECQUE. Same as checquy. 

EscLATTE. A shiver, or splinter, any- 
thing violently broken off. P. 4, f. 7. 

EscALOPPE. See Escallopee. 

EscocHEON. See Escutcheon. 

EscROLL, Escrol, Scroll, or Slip. A 
ribbon, on which the motto is placed. 
P. 18, f. 21. 

EscuLAPius-ROD. A rod entwined by 
a snake, which was the form assumed 
by Esculapius the God of healing, 
when he was brought from Greece to 
Rome in a season of great sickness. 

P- 30, f- 57- 
Escutcheon, Escusson, Escocheon, or 
Escu. The shield with the arms 
painted on it, in opposition to the 
Ecu which was a shield without de- 
vice. The shield may be of any 
shape, but the oldest escutcheons are 
like a Gothic arch reversed, and are 
called the Roman or Heater shield. 
P. 8, f. 21. 

The surface of the escutcheon or shield is 
termed the Field, because it contains those 
marks of honour which were formerly ac- 
quired in the Field. These shields are of 
every imaginable shape, according to the 
fancy of the beai-er, the only restriction now 
being that Ladies must bear their Arms in a 
Lozenge. P. 9, f. 21 ; and L^ 22, f. 21. 
The Escutcheon has certain Fviats, distin- 




{j^uishecl for the place of the charges which 
the field contains. (See Points of Escutcheon. 
P. 1 ) It is also frequently divided by Lines, 
called either Partition lines, or Crooked lines, 
the former are known by the term Party, 
and of these there are seven, viz. : Party per 
Chevron, Party per Fesse, Party per Pale, 
Party per Cross, Party per Saltire, Party per 
Bend, and Party per Bend Sinister, usually 
blazoned Per Chevron, Per Fesse, etc. See 
P. 2. 

The Crooked Lines most commonly met with 
are nine, called Engrailed, Invecked, Wavy, 
Nebule, Imbattled, or Embattled, Raguly, 
Indented, Dancettee, and Dovetail ; there 
are, however, many more iTsed in Heraldry, 
but which are of rare occurrence. See P. 1. 
Escutcheon of Pretence. Is a shield 
on which a man carries the arms of 
his wife, when she is an Heiress, or 
Co-Heiress. It is placed in the centre 
of his own shield, and usually de- 
picted of the same shape. P. ii, 

f. 21. 

Escutcheon, Points of. Sie Points of 
the Escutcheon. 

Escutcheons. Are sometimes borne 
as charges. See P. 13, f. 33, and 
P. ig, f. 44. 

Esquire. A gentleman ranking next 
below a Knight, formerly a Knight's 
shield-bearer ; Escuyer. 
The following persons are properly termed 
Esquires: The eldest sons of Knights and 
their eldest sons ; the eldest sons of the 
younger sons of Noblemen. Those to whom 
the Sovereign has granted collars of S.S , or 
Gold or Silver spurs ; also the eldest sons of 
the latter. Esquires attendant on Knights 
of the Bath at their installation, and their 
eldest sons, Sheriffs of Counties (for life) ; 
Justices of the Peace (while in commission) ; 
Special O-Hcers of the Royal household ; and 
all, under the degree of Knight near the 
Royal person. Such officers of the Navy and 
Army as are addr^^ssed as such in their 
patents of commission, with their eldest 
sons, Counsellors of Law, Bachelors of 
Divinity, Law, and Physic. Mayors of 
Towiis are only Esquires by Courtesy. No 
l^roperty whatever conveys the title. 

Esquire's Helmet. P. 24, f. 12. 

Esquire, Equire, or Squire. Is similar 
to the Gyron it may extend across 
the shield ; termed also a Base Es- 
quire. P. 21, f. 24 and 42. 

Essonier. a diminutive of the Orle. 

EssoRANT. An Eagle standing on the 
ground, with the wings somewhat 
lifted up, is said to be Essorant. 

EsTENDANT. A Standard. 

EsTOiLE. A Star of six waved points. 
P. 23, f. 42. 

When the Estoile has more than six points, 
the number should be expressed. When of 
eight or more points half should be straight 
and half waved, f . 44. 

EsToiLE issuing out of a Crescent, 
P. 23, f. 39. 

EsToiLE of sixteen points, f. 44. 

EsTOYLE. Same as Estoile. 

Etete. a term used to signify a beast 

Etovle. See Estoile. 

Etoile. See Estoile. 

Etoilee Cross, or Cross Estoilee. A 
star with only four long rays, in the 
form of a cross ; as a Cross Etoilee. 
P. 8, f. 45. 

Ewer. A pot, or cream-ewer. P. 42, 
f. 27. 

Exasperated. Depicted in a furious 

Expanded, and Expansed. Same as 

Extendant. Laid open in full as- 
pect ; i.e. 

When any beast stands up, and stretches ol1^t 
the fore-legs on each side the body, so that 
the full face, breast, belly, and inner parts 
of the thighs are seen, it is blazoned ex- 
tendant. P. 26, f. 44. 

Extended. The same as displayed. 

Extending, as three nails conjoined in 
base, extending themselves in chief. 
P. ig, f. 44. 

Extinguisher. See Candle Extin- 

Eye. The emblem of Providence. 

Eyed. A term used in speaking of the 
variegated spots in the peacock"s 
tail. P. 34, f. 4. 

Eyes. Are borne in Armory, and are 
emblems of vigilance and vivacity. 

P- 43> f- 34- 

The family of Peploe bears an eye shedding 

Eyrant. Applied to birds in their 

Eyry. The nest of a bird of prey. 


Face, A Fesse. 

Fasce. Same as barry. 

Faced, or Faced-lined. That part of 

the lining of anything which turns 

outward, S:e Doubling. 
Fagot. A bundle of wood. P, 41, f. 58. 
Faillis. The fracture in an ordinary 

as if a splinter had been taken from 

it. P. 16, f. 2, 
Faith, A hand in hand clasped, is so 

termed. P. 36, f. 2. 
Falchion, or Faulchion. A broad 

sword, P. 38, f. 19. 


F'alcon, or Hawk In Heraldry is 
always represented close as P. 33, 
f 31, if not mentioned to the con- 
trary, and usually borne with bells 
on its legs, when it is termed a 
Falcon belled 

If represented with hood, virols, or rings, 
and leashes, then it is said to be hooded, 
jessed, and leashed, and the colours must be 
named. For examples of Falcons see P. 33, 
f. 31 to 35. 

Falconers, or Hawking Gloves. P. 43, 
f. 44. 

Falcon's Bells. P. 43, f. 17. 

Falcon's leg erased at the thigh, belled, 
jessed and varvelled. P. 33, f. 34. 

Falcon's Lure. P. 43, f. 16. See 
Hawk's lure. 

Falcon's Perch, or Rest. P. 43, f. 18. 

False. Voided. An Orle is blazoned as 
a "false escutcheon" by the early 
Heialds. An Annulet, as a False 
Roundle. A Cross voided, as a False 

False Heraldry. That which is con- 
trary to the rules of the science. 

Fan. a well-known hand ornament 
used by ladies to cool themselves by 
agitating the air. As in the armorial 
bearings of the Fan-Makers' Com- 
pany. P. 36, f. 14. 

Fan, Winnowing Basket, Shruttle, or 
Fruttle. A Fan by which the chaff 
is blown away. P. 39, f. 16. 

Fang-tooth. P. 42, f. 52. 

Farsoned. The projecting, or coping 
stone of a battlement. P. 23, f. 17. 

Fasce, or Fasicle. The same as faggot. 

Fascis. The Roman-Fasces, or Lictors 
rods. A bundle of polished rods, in 
the middle of which was an axe, to 
express the power of life and death. 
It was carried before the Eoman Consuls, 
by the lictors, as an ensign of the superior 
magistrates. The Fasces are now frequently 
given to those who have held magisterial 
offices. P. 43, f. 6. 

Fascia. A Fesse. 

Fascines. Fagots of small wood bound 
by withes, used in military opera- 
tions. P. 43, f. 36. 

Fasciol^ Gemellae, and Fasciolae Du- 
plices. Is the same as Bar-gemel. 

P. 5, f. 5. 

Faux-roundlets. Roundlets voided 
of the field, i.e. an annulet. 

Fawcon. See Falcon. 

Fawn. A young deer. See Two Hinds 
counter tripping. P. 28, f. 53. 

Feathers of Birds, but more particu- 
larly of the Ostrich, are borne in 

58 FES 

Coat Armour. See Plumes and Os- 
trich-Feathers. P. 6, f. 21. P. 43, 
f. 37 to 40. 

Feathers, Panache of. P. 43, f. 41 
and 42. 

Feathered, flighted, or plumed. As 
an arrow-flighted. P. 37, f. 13. 

Feeding. The same as Preying. P. 
33, f. 12. 

Feeding. See Browsing. 

Feers. Horse-shoes. P. 37, f. 45. 

Felling Axe, or Slaughter-axe. P. 
41, f. 19. 

Female-figure. P. 35, f. 6. 

Femau. See Fermaile. 

Femme. See Baron and Femme. 

Fencock. See Heathcock. 

Fendue-en-pal. The same as voided 

Fenyx. See Phoenix. 

Fer de fourchette. All crosses so 
termed when the extremities end with 
a forked iron. P. 11, f. 6. 

Fer de moline, MouHne, Millrind, or 
Mill-ink. An iron affixed to the centre 
of the Mill-stone usually drawn as 
the first figure at P. 38, f. 53. 

The six followinf^ are different forms of the 
millrind sometimes met with. 

Ferdumolin. Same as Fer de moline. 

P'ermaile, Fermaulx, Fermeau, or Fer- 
meux. The buckle of a military belt. 
For examples. See P. 42, f. 15, and 
16, and term Buckle. 

Fern. A plant. P. 44, f. 49. 

Fern-sapling of New Zealand. P. 36, 

Ferr. a horse-shoe. 

Ferrated, adorned with horse-shoes 
as a Cross Ferrated. P. 10, f. 33. 

Ferret. An animal. P. 30, f. 15. 

Ferrule, Ferral, or Verule. A metal 
ring on the handle of a tool, or end 
of a baton. See Veruled. 
These terms are sometimes applied to the 

Fess, or Fesse. One of the honourable 
ordinaries, formed b}^ two horizontal 
lines drawn across the field. P. 3, 
f. I. 

The Fesse occupies the third of the field, 
and like the other ordinaries, is subject to 
all the accidental lines as Engrailed, Vravy, 
etc. When the Fesse is placed higher than 
the centre, it is said to be transposed ; and 
when below the centre, it is termed abais^e. 
The diminutives of the Fesse are the Bar, 
P. 5, f. 1. Closet, f. 4, and Barrulet, f. 3. 
These are also subject to the accidental 
lines ; e g. Three Bare Nowy, P. 2, f. 14 ; 
two Closets, or Cottises Fleiuy, P. 5, f. 14. 

Fesse, Ajoure. P. 4, f. 16. 

Fesse Angled acUte. P. 4, f. 27. 




Angled, or rect-angled, P. 



f. 28 
Fesse, Arched, Archy, or Bowed 
f. 30. 

Archy coronettee on the top. 
f. 27. 

Arondy, Nuee goared. P. 4, f. 6. 

Battled embattled, or grady em- 
battled. P. 4, f. 23. 

Between. As a Fesse between two 
Greyhounds, P. 4, f. 29. 

Between two bars gemelle. Same 
as Double Cottised. 

Between two barrulets, same as 
cottised. P. 5, f. g. 

Between two chevrons. P. 16, 
f. 20. 

Beviled. p. 4, f. 27. 

Beviled double. P. 4, f. ig. 

Billettee counter-billettee. 

Bordered, or Bordured. P. 

BoTTONY. P. 4, f. 14. 



Bretessed. p. 3, f. 10. 



P. 4. 

f. 27, 


P. 5, 

P. 3, f. 45. 
3.f- 34>35. 

f. 2^. 

Bretessed embattled parted, 
double parted. P. 4, f. 20. 

AND Canton conjoined. P. 4, f. 40 

Champaine, or urdee. P. 4, f. 22. 

Chapourne. Same as Arched. 
- CHARGED with fivc music bars. P 

f. 12. 

Chequy. p. 4, f. 44. 

- COMPONY. P. 4, f. 42. 

CoMPONY counter compony. P. 4, 

f- 43- 

OF Chevrons conjoined. 

Conjoined in Fesse. P 
37, 40, and 41. 

CoppEE, or coupe. 

Coronated. P. 3, 

Cottised. P. 5, f, 

Cottised double. P. 5, f. 10. 

Cottised treble. P. 5, f. 11. 

Cottised dancettee. P. 5, f. 18. 

Cottised flory, or a Fesse between 
two barrulets flory. Flory means 
only the top of the fleur-de-lis. 
Flory counter flory is the top and 
bottom of the fleur-de-lis placed 
alternately as P. 5, f. 14. 

See Fesse Flory and Fess Flory counter- 
flory. P. 3, f. 19 and 20. 

Cottised potent. P. 5, f. 15. 

Cottised potent, counter-potent. 
P. 5, f. 16. 


- CouPED, or Humettee. xA.lso termed 
a Fesse Carnelle, and a humet, or a 
hawned Fesse. P. 4, f. i. 

Crenellee. p. 3, f. 8. 

Fesse Cuppa. P. 22, f. 40. 

Dancettee. P. 3, f. 14. 

The indents of the dancettee may be en- 
grailed, invecked, wavy, etc. 

Dancette-fleury- COUNTER - fleury 
on the points. P. 3, f. 15. 

Dancettee gobony. P. 3, f. 17. 

Dancettee of two pieces couped in 
the form of a Roman W. P. 3, 
f. 16. 

Debruised, fracted, removed, or 
double downsett. P. 4, f. 15. 

Dancettee of two-pieces couped, 
blazoned by Feme, a Fesse emaun- 
chee couped. P. 3, f. 16. 

Demi. P. 4, f. 24. 

OF Demi Belt, or a demi belt fixed 
in fesse buckled, edged and garnished. 
It is the waist-belt from which the fesse 
originated. P. 4, f. 18. 

DOUBLE-BEVILED. P. 4, f. ig. 

Double cottised. P. 5, f. 10. 

Double downsett, Rompu, or fracted. 

P. 4, f- 25. 

Double parted. P. 4, f. 20. 

Dovetail. P. 3, f. 5. 

Edged. Has a rim along the top 
and bottom. P. 4, f. 3. 

Emaunchee. The same as dancettee 
of two pieces. P. 3, f. 16. 

Embattled. The same as Crenellee. 
P. 3, f. 8. 

Embattled counter-embattled. P. 3, 

Embattled, with one embattlemcnt 
on the top ; Counter. embattled, with 
tvv'o in the bottom. P. 3, f. 12. 

Embattled grady. P. 4, f. 23. 

Embattled masoned. P. 3, f. 11. 

Engrailed. P. 3, f. 2. 

Enhanced. P. 3, f. 6. 

Eradicated. P. 4, f. 7. 

Escartelee, or Escloppe. P. 4, 
f. 8. 

Escartelee grady. P. 

Esclatte. p. 4, f. 7. 

Feuille de scie. P. 3, 

Fimbriated. P. 4, f. 5. 

Flamant. p. 3, f. 24. 
- Flory, or Fleury. P. 3, 

Flory counter-floiy. P. 

Fretty. p. 3, f. 43. 

FusiLY. P. 3, f. 36. 

Observe that a Fesse Fusily preserves the 
outward shape of the fesse, the surface bein;^ 
divided into fusils of alternate colours. 

Gobony. P. 4, f. 42. 

Goared. P. 4, f. 6. 

Grady embattled. P. 4, f. 23. 

Griece, or Grady of three. P. 4, 

4, f. 23. 
f. 23. 


f. 20. 




Fesss Hemisphere. P, 3, f. 29. 

HuMETTEE-, or Plumet. P. 4, f. i. 

Indentee. p. 4, f. II. 
- - Indented. P. 3, f. 13. 

Indented on the top. P. 3, f. 23. 
Indented point in point. P. 3, f. 26. 

Invecked, or Invected. P. 3, f. 3. 

Lozengy. p. 3, f. 42. 

This, a=! with a Fesse Fusily, preserves the 
outward shape of the Fesse. 

OF Five Lozenges, or Five Lozenges 
in Fesse. P. 3, f. 41. 

Masculee, or Masculy. P. 3, f. 39. 

Mascles on a Fess. P. 3, f. 38. In 
Fesse. f. 37. 

- Nebulee, or Nebuly. P. 3, f. 4. 
Nebuly on the top, and Invecked 
on the bottom. P. 4, f. 26. 

NowY. P. 4, f. 14. 

- NowY champaine. P. 4, f. 12. 

NowY lozengy. P. 4, f. 10. 

NowY quadrate. P. 4, f. 13. 

Nuee, or Nuagee. P. 4, f. 6. 

Pattee, or Dovetail. P. 3, f. 5. 

Per Fesse crenellee. P. 3, f. 32. 

PoMETTY. P. 4, f. 14. 

Potent counter-potent, or Potentee. 
P. 3, f. 7. 

Quarterly. P. 4, f. 45. 

Radiant. P. 3, f. 25. 

Raguly counter-raguly. P. 3, f, 18. 

Ramped, or coupe. P. 4, f. 25. 

Rayonee, or Rayonnant. P. 3, f. 25. 

Recourse, or Recoursie. P. 4, f. 2. 

Rectangled. p. 4, f. 28. 

, Rectangled at both ends. P. 3, 

f- 44- . 1 , 

RoMPU, coppee, coupe, or double 

downset. P. 4, f. 25. 

Sarcelle. P. 4, f. 2. 

Shapourne. SaeFesse Arched, 

Supported with two stays cheveron- 
wise. P. 3, f. 33. 

Surmounted of another. P. 4, f. 4. 
- Surmounted of a Saltire. P. 20, 

f. 41. 

Tortile. P. 3, f. 28. 

Tranchee. P. 4, f. 14. 

Tranches Nuage. Same as Fesse 
Arondy Nuee Goared. 

Treflee. p. 3, f. 22. 

Urdes. p. 4, f. 22. 

Voided. P. 4, f. 2. 

Warriated. Same as Urdee. 

Waved, Wavy, or Undee. P. 3, 
f. 31. 

Weir. P. 2, f. 47. 

- WiuRE, nebulee counter nebulee. 

P. 4, f. 17. 


P. 3, f. 28. 

Fesse Zodiac, with three signs on it, viz. 
Libra, Leo and Scorpio. P. 3, f. 99. 

BETWEEN. P. 2, f. 3 ; P. 4, f. 22 ; 
P. 22, f. 43. 

Fesse. In Fesse a term to express tlie 
position of charges when they occupy 
the position assigned to that ordin- 
ary. P. 3, f. 37, 40, and 41. 

Fesse. On a Fesse as P. 2, f. 3 ; P. 4, 
f. 30. 

Fesse per. Party per Fesse. Divides 
the field horizontally through the 
middle ; it was anciently called 

Observe that Por-Fesse is quite sufReient 
in blazon. See P. 2, f. 2 and 3. Thi^ per- 
fesse line is subject to all the accidental 
forms of crooked lines, as Per-Fesse en- 
grailed, wavy, etc. e.g. Per Fesse Crenelle. 
P. 4, f. 33. Per Fessa Dovetail, f. 37. Per- 
Fesso Dancettee. f . 3t) ; and Per Fesse In- 
dented, f. 35. Per-Fess3 Wavy. P. 22, f. 13. 
P. 4, etc. 

Fesse-en-devise. a term for a Bar. 

Fesse Point. Sse Points of the Es- 

Fesse-Target. An old term for Es- 
cutcheon of Pretence. 

Fessev/ise, Fesseways, or in Fesse. 
Implies any charge placed or borne 
/;: Fesse ; i.e. in a horizontal line 
across the shield, e.g. P. 4, f. 31. 

Fessely. Party per fesse. 

Feswr. a fusil. 

Fetlock, or Fetterlock. A horse-fet- 
lock. P. 37, f. 39. 

Three Fetlocks interlaced, f. 40. See also 
P. 43, f. 15. 

Fetter, or Shackbolt. P. 42, f. 40. 

Fettered, or Spancelled. P. 27, f. 31. 

Feudal Arms. See Arms Feudal. 

Feuille-de-scie. a Fesse, or Pale 
indented on one side Vvdth small teeth 
like the edge of a saw. P. 3, f. 23. 

FicHE. See Fitcliee. 

Fiddle, or Violin. P. 43, f. 25. 

Field of a Coat of Arms. The surface 
of the escutcheon, or shield. 

Field-pieces on their carriages, are 
met with in Coat Armour. P. 37, 
f. 4 and 5. 

Fiend, or Fury's Head. Also termed 
Satan's Head. Tlie head of a man 
couped at the neck in profile, and 
having ears like the wings of a 
Dragon. P. 36, f. 48. 

Fiery Furnace. A fbrnace with a 
melting pot thereon, as in the arms 
of the Founders' Company. P. 39, 

f- 33- 




Fife. A small pipe used as a wind 
instrument, and borne by the name 
of Pipe. P. 43, f. 23, No. 3. 
Fig-Leaf. p. 45, f. 25. 

FiGETiVE. See Pitched. 

Figure. A character denoting a num- 
ber. Three figures of 7 are borne in 
the Arms of Bernard. 

Figured. Charges on wliich human 
faces are depicted, are blazoned 
Figured, as the Sun, Crescents, etc. 
P. 23, f. 34 and 36. 

Filberts. iSee Nut, and P. 44, f. ^^. 

Filde. See Field, 

File. An instrument used by Smiths. 
P. 41, f. 24. 

File, or Label. A mark of Cadency. 
See Label. 

File of three points fixed, or extending 
to the base ; also termed a chief re- 
moved and three pales conjoined. 
P. 16, f. 39. 

Filiere, or Filet de batardise. Fillet 
of Bastardy. See Baton Sinister. 

Fillet. A diminutive of the chief, 
being one fourth of that ordinary. 
P. 12, f. 33. 

Fillet of Bastardy. A baton in bend 
sinister. P, ig, f. 27. 

Fimbriated. An ordinary, or charge, 
having an edge or Bordure all round 
it, is called " Fimbriated." P. 4, 

FiNXH. A bird. P. 34, f. 54; P. 33, 

f. 43 and 49. _ 
Finned. Applied to fishes when their 

fins are of a different tincture to their 

FiNYx. See Phoenix. 
I'^ir-Branch. p. 44, f. 47. 
I-'^ir-Cone. p. 44, f. 54. 
I'^ir-Pine, or Fir Tree, P. 22, f. 10. 
Fire. 5^^ also Bonfire. P. 43, f. 35, 
Fire-Ball, A grenade, P. '37, f. 10, 
Fire Beacon. See Beacon. P. 37, 

f. 2. 
Fire-Brand. Generally represented 
^raguly. P. 41, f. 47. 
Fire Bucket. P, 39, f, 36, No. i. 

Fire-Chest, or Fire-pan. A large iron 
box. P. 37, f 3. 

Fire, flames of. P. 42, f. ^y. See La- 
flamed, or Enflamed. 

Fired. Same as Inflamed. 

FiREY furnace. See Fiery Furnace. 

FiRME. A term used for a cross pattee, 
when it extends to each side of the 
shield ; the same as a cross pattee 
throughout, or entire. P. 9, f. 7. 

Fish. Li great variety, are met with 

in Coat Armour, e.g. The Whale, 
Salmon, Pike, etc., see P. 32. When 
a Fish is borne in fesse, i.e. as if 
swimming, it is termed Naiaut ; if 
with the head erect, it is termeil 
Haun'ent ; if with the head downwards, 
U/inant. Li blazoning Fish, when 
the fins are of a different colour to 
the body, they are said to be finne 1 
of such a tincture. If witli their 
mouths open they are termed Paum:, 
or Pame. 

In the early church a fish was gener- 
ally used by Christians as a symbol 
of their faith, the Greek Avord ^x^'"^ 
(a fish) forming the initials of the 
most important titles of our blessed 
Lord I-X-6-Y-2- L/trocs Xpurros, Oeoii 

1 10?, ZwTrj/7. 

In blazon when no particular kind is men- 
tioned it should be drawn as f. IG. 
FiSH-HOOK. P. 38, f. 55. 

Fish of Mogul. P. 32, f. 48. 
FisH-NET, or Fish-Weel, as in the arms 

of Colland. P. 38, f. 55. 
FisH-POT. See Fish-Weel. P. 3^, 

f- 57- 
FisH-WEEL With handle, as borne by 

Wheeler. P. 38, f. 56, f. 58, by 

Williams of Thame. 
Fi3H-WEEL, as borne by W3'lley. i.d, 

f- 57- 

FisH-WEiR. See Weir, and P. 2. 

FisH-WHEEL. See Fish-weel. 

Fissure. The fourth part of the Bend 
Sinister. P. 17, f. 6. 

FiTciiE, Fitchee, Fiche, Pitched, or 
Fitchy. From the Latin figo to fix 
or fasten ; a term applied to a cross, 
the lower extremity of which is 
sharpened to a point, to enable those 
Primitive Christians who originally 
carried them on their pilgrimages to 
easily fix them in the ground. P. 8, 
f. 19. 

FiTCHEE at all points. P. 8, f. 43. 

Fitchee of four. P. 9, f. 37. 

Pitched double. P, S, f, 42, 

Five leaved grass. See Cinquefoil. 
P. 44, f. 16, No. 4. 

Fixed. Crosses, when attaciied to the 
side of tlie escutcheon, are said to be 
fixed, throughout, or entire. P. 9, 
f. 7. 

Flag. An Ensign or Colour. Tiie 
depth from chief to base is termed 
the "hoist," and the length is called 
the " F/)'." See term Banner, Stand- 
ard, and Ensign. 

Flag of England. The Union Jack, 
P. 7, f. 21.' 




Flag of St. George. A white Flag with 
a red cross. P. 7, f. 21. 

Fl\g. An aquatic plant. P. 44, f. 29. 

i'LAGELET. A wintl instrument. P. 43, 
f. 23, No. I. 

Flagged, i.e. decorated with a flag, 
as a castle flagged. P. 23, f. 3. 

Flagon. Generally depicted as a 
covered cup. P. 42, f. 25. 

Flagon, with spout, i.d. f. 27. 

Flag-stone. P. 42, f. 34. 

Flail. Two long staves connected 
by a leather thong, by which grain 
is beaten out of the ear. P. 39, f. 11, 
No. 2. 

Flame of fire, or Bonfire. P. 43, f. 35. 

Flambeau. See Fire-brand. 

Flames of fire issuing out of a rock. 
The crest of Grant. P. 42, f. 57. 

Flamant, Flammant, Flambant, Flam- 
ing, or Burning. As a Fire-brand. 
P. 41, f. 47. A Flaming, or Burning 
Bush. P. 45, f. 59. 

Flaming-bush. P. 45, f. 59. 

Flaming-brazier. P. 39, f. 32. 

Flaming-heart. See Heart Flamant. 
P. 42, f. 3. 

Flaming-sword. Is depicted in two 
ways. P. 38, f. 21. 

Flanch, Flanque, Flasque, orFlaunche. 
Is an ordinary made by an arched 
line that swells towards the centre, 
and is always borne in couples. P. 5, 
f. 40. 

'!'be diminutive of the flanch is the Voider ; 
it resembles a Flanch, but is not so circular 
toward; the centre of the field, and it should 
be depicted much less in breadth. P. 5, 
f. 41. 

Examples of Flanches, viz. : 
P.etween Two Flanches. f. 42, and f. 43. 
Flancbes Charji^ed. f. 44. 
Square Flanches. f. 45. 

Flanched. Glover gives as the arms 
of a natural son of one of the Fitz- 
Alans, Ralph de Arundel, a shield of 
Fitz-Alan, flanched ar. ; that is, a 
shield ar., having flanches of Fitz- 
Alan and Warrenne quartei'ly. P. 2, 
f. 48. 

Flank. See In Flank. P. 20, f. 38. 

Flanked, or Flanque. See P'^lanch. 
Flanque point of the escutclieon. The 

same as base point. P. 21, f. 5. 
Flask. See Powder-horn. 
1'lasque. See Flanch. 
Flax-breaker, Hemp-Hackle, or Hemp- 
Breaker. P. 40, f. II. 
Flax, a Coil of. P. 43, f. 13. 
I'^LEAM. A surgical instrument. P. 41, 
f. 5 ; P. 22, f. ig. 

PYeam. An instrument used by farriers 
represented by ancient heralds as 
P. 41, f. 5. 

Some Wi iters call them Crampoons ; but 
properly Cramp. P. 41, f. 6. 

Flechas. Arrows. 

Flect, Flectant, and Fleeted. Bowed, 
or bent in contrary directions. See 

Fleece. The skin of a Ram with the 
wool on, commonly called the Golden 
Fleece, always represented as P. 22, 
f. 29. 

Flegme. See Fleam. 

Flesh-hook. An instrument used for 
taking meat out of a seething-pot, or 
caldron. P. 41, f. 10. In chief, and 
on the sinister side. 

Flesh-pot. A three-legged iron pot. 
i.d. f. 16. 

Fletched.' Feathered as an arrow. 

Fleur-de-lis, contracted de-lis. Also 
termed Flower-de-luce ; is variously 
depicted, but most commonly as 
P. 44, f. 7. Antique as f. 12. 
As to its origin antiquaries are at variance, 
some supposing it to be the flower of the 
iris, others that of the common lily, whose 
name " lys " has a certain resemblance to 
that of Loys, or Louis, a common name of 
the Kings of France, while a third party, 
with perhaps more probability, suppose it to 
be the head of a partizan, or halbert. 
When the field, or any charge, i^ promiscu- 
ously scattered over with de-H-, it is termed 
strewed, powdered, or replemishedwith lleur- 
de-lis ; or it is said to be Semee-de-lis. P. I, 
f. 38. 

Fleur-de-lis double. P. 44, f. 8. 

Fleur-de-lis seeded, i.d. f. g. 

Fleur-de-lis, formed of three lilies, 
i.d. f. 10. 

Fleur-de-lis couped. i.d. f. 11. 

Fleur-de-lis demi. Is divided per 
pale. i.d. f. 11. 

Fleuronee, and Fleur-de-llsse. Is the 
same as botonnee, buttony and bud- 
ded florettee, or flurt3^ See Cross 
Botonee. P. 10, f. 20. 

Fleury, Fleurty, Floretty, Flurt, or 
Flury. Said of an3'thing ending 
with a fleur-de-lis, sometimes termed 
Fleurette. P. 9, f. 13. 
Differenced from the cross-fiory, by having 
a line between the ends of the cross and the 
flowers. P. 10, f. 18. 

Fleury-biparted. See Cross Moline 

Sarcelled. P. 10, f. 10. 
Fleury contra fleury. Sec Flory counter- 

Flexed. Bent, or bowed. P. 42, f. 4. 

Flexed in Triangle. 

P. 32, f. 26. 


Flies. Are borne by the lamily of 
Muschamp, no doubt in allusion to 
the name ; Musca is the Latin for 
Fl}'. See Harvest Fly. P, 30, f. 22. 

Flighted. Applied to an arrow de- 
notes that it is feathered as P. 37, 
f. 13. 

Flint-stone. As in the Arms of Flint. 
P. 42, f. 60. 

Flintstone. a gunstone, or Pellet. 
P. I. 

Flint-stonr chained. Called also a 
murdering chain-shot. See Chain 
Shot. P. 37, f. 8. 

Float. An instrument used by Bow- 
3'ers, and borne as part of their 
armorial ensign. P. 40, f. 8. 

Flook, or Flounder. A small fish. 
P. 32, f. II. 

Florette-de-lis. Same as Semee-de- 
lis. See Semee. 

Floretty. See Fleury. 

Flory, or Floree. An ordinary is said 
to be flory when the edge is orna- 
mented with fleur-de-lis as a Bend 
Flory. P. 17, f. 13. 

Flory, counter-flory counter-flowered, 
fleury, flurt}^ or floretty. Terms to ex- 
press an ordinar}', when the edges are 
charged with fleur-de-lis, the tops of 
the fleur-de-lis being shewn on one 
edge, and the bottom of the fleur-de- 
lis directly on the opposite edge, and 
so reversed alternately, as a Tressure 
flory connter-flory, P. 35, f. 16; and 
a Bend Flory counter-flory, P. 17, 
f. 14. 

Flory-Cross. p. 10, f. 17 and 19. 

Flory-ds-lis. Same as Semee-de-lis. 

Flotant. Any thing flying in the air, 
as a banner displayed, or Flotant. 
P. 7, f. 21. It is also applicable to 
any thing sv/imming. 

Flouke. See Fluke. 

Flounder. A fish. P. 32, f. ir. 

Flourette, and Flourished. Adorned 
with Fleur-de-lis, Trefoils, etc. 

Flov'/ers. iVre of common use in 
Heraldr}'. See Rose, Lily, Pansy, 
Daisy, Primrose, etc. P. 44 and 45. 

Flower-de-lices. 1 

Flower-de-luces, l- See Fleur-de-lis. 

Flower-de-lyses. J 

Flower of the Flag. P. 44, f. 29. The 
Fleur-de-lis is sometimes called the 
Flower of the F"lag. 

Flower gentle. P. 22, f. 17. 

Flower of the French. The Fleur- 

Flower-Pot. P. 31, f. 16. 

63 FOR 

Flowered, and Counter Flowered. 

Same as Flory, counter-flory. 
Fluke. A flounder. P. 32, i. 11. 
Fluke, or Flouke of an anchor. The 

semicircular barbed part, by which 

it takes hold of the ground. P. 38, 

f. 41. 
Flukes. The fleur-de-lis. 
Flury, or Flurry. Same as Flory. 
Flurt. Same as Fleur}'. 
Flute. A wind instrument. P. 43, 

f. 23, No. 3. 
Fluting. The furrows in a column. 

P. 43, f. 50, No. 2. 
Fly of a Flag. The length, outside, 

or extremity. 
Fly. See Butterfly, Gad Fly, and 

Harvest Fly. P. 30, f. 21, 22 and 23. 
Flying Ape. P. 29, f. 60. 
Flying-column ; or, more properly, a 

column with wings, or winged. P. 43, 

Flying Fish. P. 32, f. 46. 
Foils. See Cinquefoils, Trefoils, etc. 
Folding-stick. See Bookbinder's Fold- 
Foliage. The leaves of a tree, or 

Foliated. Leaved. 
Fondant. Stooping for pre3^ 
Foot Ball. P. 41, f. 60. 
Foot Human. P. 36, f. 24. 
FoRCENE. Said of a horse rearing. 

P. 27, f. 26. 
FoRCHE, or Fourchee. Divided into 

two parts towards the extremit}-. 

P. g, f. 35 and 41. 
FoRERiGHT. Same as Affrontee. 
Fore-shortened. Animals, or birds, 

so borne that their whole length is 

not seen, by either turning towards 

or from 3'ou. P. 33, f. 15. 
Fore-staff, or Cross-stalf, marked 

with the degrees of latitude. P. 38, 


Forest-Bill ; also termed a Wood- 
Bill. An instrument used for lopping 
trees, etc. P. 41, f. 22. 

Forest of Trees. P. 45, f. 60. 

Fork. An instrument with handle and 
metal blade divided into two or more 
points, as a Pitch-fork. P. 39, f. 14, 
No. 3. A Dang-fork. f. 14, No. i. 

Fork. Hay, or Shake-foik. P. 39, 
f. 19. 

Forked. Branching into two parts. 
See Fourchey. P. g, f. 35. 

Form, or Seat. The resting place of a 

Formee-flory. Same as Cross Pattoe 
flory. P. 9, f. 13. 


Forme. Same as pattee. P. g, i. i. 

FoRMY. A cross pattee. P. 9, f. i. 

Fort. A square Fort with four towers, 
P. 23, f. 6. 

Fortified. Applied to a wall fortified 
with towers. P. 23, f. 14. 

Fountain, Syke, or Well. Terms which 
are always applied to a roundle barry 
Avavy of six ar. and az. as at P. i. 
These should now be blazoned " Heraldic- 
Fountains," in order to distinguish them 
from Modern Fountains, which have been 
introduced into Coat Armour, and which are 
generally borne playing. In the latter, the 
number of basins should be named; in a 
modern grant a fountain is dejaicted. P. 42, 
f. 55. 

FouRCHEE, or Fourchi. The same as 
Furche. P. g, f. 35. 

Fox. A wild animal. P. 29, f. 8. 

Fox. Salient, i.d. f. g. 

Foxes, counter-salient, .i.d f. 10. 

Foxe's head, erased, i.d. f. 11. 

Fracted. Broken. P. 37, f. 11 ; P. 3g, 
f. 6. 

Frame-saw. P. 41, f. 35. 

France, Coronets of. A Prince. P. 25a, 
f. 18. Due. f. ig. Marquis, f. 20. 
Comte. f. 21. Vicomte. f. 22. Baron, 
f. 23. 

France, emblem of. See Tricolore, 

France, imperial eagle of. P. 33, f. 24. 

France, label of. A label az., charged 
with fleur-de-lis. 

Frasier, Frases, or Fraze. The same 
as Cinquefoil ; sometimes termed a 
primrose. P. 44, f. 16, No. 4. 

French-Marygold. p. 44, f. 28. 

Fresne. Said of a horse rearing, or 
standing on his hind legs. P. 27, f. 26. 

Fret. Consists of two long pieces in 
saltire, extending to the extremities 
of the field, and interlaced within a 
mascle. P. 5, f. ig. 
It is gometimes termed a true-lovers knot, 
and sometimes a Harrington Knot. 

Fret, Couped, Engrailed, Fleury, 
Charged, Double Fretted, Interlaced, 
Throughout, etc. P. 5, f. ig to 28. 

Fret, Bretessed, Espined, or Crossed. 
P. 22, f. 26. 

Fret-knot. Sec Lacy Knot. P. 43, 
f. II. 

Fret-per, or Parted per fret ; also 
termed barry per-fret. P. 21, f. 30. 

Fretted, or Frettee, interlaced one 
with the other. P. 30, f, 52 ; P. 32, 
f. 26. 

Fretted in saltire. P. 36, f. 17. 

Fretted in triangle. P. 32. f. 26. 

Fretting each other, i.e. interlacing 
each other. P. 37, f. 40 and 46. 

64 FUN 

Fretty. An even nnmber ot pieces 
crossing bendways, dexter and sinis- 
ter, and interlacing each other. P. 
5, f. 2g, and 1. 30. 

Friar, or Grayfriar. A member of a 
religious order is met with in Heraldry. 
P. 36, f. 31. 

Frighted. Same as Fresne, applied 
to a horse rearing. 

Frill. An edging. P. 36, f. 10. 

Fringed. Edged with fringe. 

Fritillaria Meleagris. A flower. P. ig, 
f. 3g, borne by the name of Turnley. 

Frog. Erect borne by the name of 
Trevioneck. P. 30, f. 10. 
The arms of Overend. Ar. on a chev. gu. 
betw. three pheons sa., as many frogs or. 

Front, or Frontal. The front of any 
thing, as a cap ; also applied to orna- 
ments which adorn the head of men 
and women. 

Frontal. A piece of armour put upon 
the forehead of a horse. P. 38, f. 12. 

Frontlet. A fore-head band. 

Fruits. Much used in armoury, and 
when stalked or leaved must be 
mentioned. See terms Grapes, Pine- 
Apple, Apples, Pears, Cherries, etc. 
P. 44, f 56, 57_and 58.^ 

Fructed. Bearing Fruit. The tinc- 
ture of the fruit must be named, as 
an Oak Tree ppr. fructed or. P. 45, 
f. 31. 

Fruttle. a winnowing-fan. P. 3g, 

f. 16. 

Fulgent. Having rays. 

Full-course. Same as courant. 

FuMENT, Fumant, or Fumid. Emitting 

Funeral Achievements, or Hatchment. 
Is the Coat of Arms painted and 

The frame is lozenge shaped, and covered 
with black cloth. It is placed on the front 
of the house on the morning of interment, 
where it generally remains for twelve 
months, and thence is removed and fre- 
quently put up in the Church. The arms 
on a Hatchment are always painted as borne 
by the party when living, so that the Hatch- 
ment of a Peer is known by his Coronet, 
Mantle, etc. A Baronet by his Badge ; a 
Knight by his Helmet, or Badg3 and Motto 
of his Order; a Bishop by the JHtre. etc. ; a 
Bachelor's by his Shield; and a Maid, or 
Widow's by her Lozenge ; the only differ- 
ence is, that when a married woman dies 
before her husband the Crest is omitted. To 
distinguish what party is dead, the ground 
on which the arms are painted, is repre- 
sented either Black or White, or one side 
White, the other Black. Thus the Arms of 
a Bachelor, Maid, Widow, and Widower, are 
painted upon a Black ground. When a 


luarried woman dies, her husband still sur- 
viviiiiT, the sinister half of the trround is 
painted Black, the dexter White. If a 
married man dies, and his wife survives, the 
ground is painted the reverse. 
In many instances, instead of the family 
motto, the words " In coelo quies " or " Ke- 
surgam " are placed on the Hatchment. 

The Hatchment of a 
Bachelor. P. 46, f. 23. 
Bishop, f. 35. 

Husband dead, wife surviving, f. 25, 
Husband dead, wife an Heiress surviving, 
f. 27. 

Husband dead, first wife dead, second sur- 
vivinsr. f. 29. 

Husband both wives dead . 30. 
Maid. f. 24. 
Widow, f. 32. 
Widower, f. 31. 

Wife dead, husband surviving, f. 26. 
Wife an Heiress dead, husband surviving, 
f. 28. 

FuRCHE, Furchee, Furchy, Forche and 
Fourchee. P. g, f. 35. 

FuRisoNS. The steel used for striking 
fire from a flint. P. 22, f. 45. 

Furnace. See Fiery-Furnace. 

Furnished. A Horse is said to be 
furnished wlien completely capari- 

It also applies to a stag furnished with 
(giving the numberj antlers. 

Furs. Used for the linings of robes of 
state, and the linings of mantles. 
They are also borne on the sliield and 
charges, and are as follows : 
Ermine, Ermines, Erminites, Erminois, 
Pean,Vair, Counter Vair, Potent, Counter- 
Potent, or Cuppa, Vair in point, Vaire, and 
Vaire-Ancient. Hee each under its respec- 
tive term; also under the term Tincture, 
and P. 1. Metals and colours may be placed 
on them. 

Fusee. The same as Fusil. 

P"usiL. A kind of spindle used in spin- 
ning. P. 40, f. 13. Formerly depicted 
as f. 3. 

Fusil on a Spindle, termed also a Fusil, 
or quill of yarn. P. 40, f. 4. 

FusiLY, or Fusilly. Covered witli fusils. 
P. 2, f. 28. 

Fusillee. Same as Fusily. 

Fusily-bendy, or Bendy-fusily. P. 18, 
f. 32. 

Fylfot, or Mystic fylfot. Sec Gamma- 
dion. P. II, f. 39. 


Gabions. Baskets of Willow filled with 
earth to make a parapet, or cover. 
P. 37, f. 7. 

65 GAR 

Gad. a plate of steel, or iron. P. 42, 
f. 35. 

Gad-bee, or Dung-fly. P. 30, f. 21. 

Gad-fly, or Brimsey. Sec Gad-bee. 

Gadlyngs. Small spikes projecting 
from the knuckles of mediaeval 

Gally, Gallie, or Galley. A vessel 
with oars. 5ee Lymphad. 

Galthrap, Galtrap, Cheval-trap, Cal- 
trap, Chausse-trap, or Gal-trap. 
P. 37, f. 10. 

Termed Galtraps from their application t<i 
the purpose of galling horses; they are iron 
instruments, used in war to prevent or retard 
the advance of cavalry, and consist of four 
points so formed that whichever way they 
are placed one point is always erect. 

Gamashes. See Buskin. 

Gamb, Gambe, or Jambe. The whole 
fore leg of a beast. If couped, or 
erased near the middle joint, it is 
called a paw. See Seal's Paw. P. 29, 
f. 52. 

Bear's gamb erased. P. 29, f. 41. 
Lion's gamb erect and erased, f. 45. 
Lion's gaiub erased, holding a laurel branch 
fructed. f. 46. 

Two Lions' gambs, supporting a crescent, 
f. 47. 

Two Lions' gambs in saltire. f. 48. 
Lion's gamb erased and erect, supporting a 
shield. P. 31, f. 21. 

Game Cock. P. 34, f. 2. 

Gammadion. a Cross potent rebated. 
P. II, f. 39. See Cross Gammadion. 

Gannapes. See Turkey Cock. 

Gannet, or Solon Goose. P. 34, f. 20. 

Gantlet, or Gauntlop. See Gauntlet. 

Garb. A sheaf of Wheat. P. 45, f. 14. 
If the sheaf is of any other grain, the par- 
ticular grain must be named, and when the 
straw is of a different tincture to the ears, 
it must be mentioned ; as a Garb or. Eared 
ppr. A Garb fesseways. P. 14, f. 21. 
Gu. thie? Garbs ar. a bordure sa. bezantc'e. 
The arms of Clement of Liacolashir>j and 

Garb of Barley. P. 45, f. 15. 

Garb of Quaterfoils. i.b. f. 16. 

Gardant, or Guardant. Signifies fiiU- 
faced, when applied to the Lion. 
Tiger, etc. P. 26, f. 35. 
This term does not apply to the Deor-Kind ; 
they are said to be at Gaze. 

Garde-de-Bras, or Garbraille. The 
elbow piece, with buckles and straps 
as worn toward the end of the fifteenth 
century. P. 43, f. 54- The Badge 
of Sir John Ratcliffe, time of Edward 

Garden-Pales, or Park-Palas. Are 
depicted with pointed tops and con- 
joined as P. 43, f. 36. 




See Knighthood 

The pales in the Arms of the Town of Derby 
ai'e depicted as at P. "Z8, i. 55. 

Garde-visure. The vizor of a helmet, 
which is a safeguard and defence for 
tlie face. See Helmet with vizor up. 
P. 38, f. 10, and an Esquire's Helmet 
which has the vizor down. P. 24, 
f. 12. 

Garden spades. See Spade. P. 39, 
f. 18. 

Garland, Chaplet,or Wreath of flowers, 
or leaves. A Garland of Roses, is 
always composed of four flowers and 
the rest leaves. P. 24, f. 41, and 
P. 36, f. 4. 

Garlick. a plant. P. 45, f. 3. 

Garnished. Ornamented. Sometimes 
used for Semee, A leg in armour ppr. 
garnished or. P. 36, f. 22 

Garter, Order of. 
Orders of. 

Garter. Generally borne in the form 
of a circle buckled and no wed, with 
ornamented end pendent, P. 42, f. 17 ; 
and the Garter surrounding the Royal 
Arms. P. 31, f. II. 
The Garter is sometimes divided and 
called a Demi Garter, or Perclose. 
P. 42, f. 18. 

A Garter, with Motto, is now very frequently 
uiet with surrounding the Arms, Crefst, or 
Cyphers, of persons who are not members of 
any Order of Knighthood, and who, there- 
fore, have in reality no right whatever to it. 

Garter, King of Arms. The principal 
officer of the Order of the Garter, and 
principal King of Arms in the Corpor- 
ation of the Heralds' College, or 
College of Arms. 

Garter, as represented around the 
shield of a Knight of that order. 
P. 3i,f. II. _ 

Garter, or Gartier. A diminutive of 
the bend. P. 17, f. 3. 

Garter-Plate. See Stall-Plate. 

Gate; also termed Yate. P. 39, f. 41, 
No. 2. Sometimes blazoned a Bar- 
Gate, the number of bars being 

Gaules. Gules. 

Gauntlet ; also termed Gantlet. An 
iron glove ; it must in blazon be 
named whether a dexter, or sinister 
gauntlet. See Examples. P. 38, f. 11 
and 17. 

Gauntleted. Being armed with a 
Gauntlet. P. 36, f. 15. 

Gaze. All the Deer-kind when borne 
full faced, or looking affrontee, are 

A ring set with some 

said to be at Gaze. P. 28, f. 44. All 

other beasts in this attitude are called 

Gazon. a sod, or tuft of grass. 
Ged. a Pike, or Lucy. P. 32, f. 6. 
Gemel, or Gemew. See Bar-Gemel. 

precious stone. P. 37, f. 42. 
Gemel-Ring. See Gimmal-Ring. 
Gemmel, Gimble, or Gimbal-Ring. 

Also termed a Gemmow-Ring. See 

Gimmal Ring. 
Gemulate. a Bar Gemelle. 
Genealogy. The systematical account 

of the origin and alliances of Families, 

vid. Pedigree. 

Abbreviations and Marks met with in 

M. or ^t. age. 
b. born. 

bap., or bapt. baptized, 
bd., bu., bur., bnrd., or bur^J- Buried, 
coh., or cohr. coheir. 
CO., or com. in the county of. 
d. died. 

da., or dau. daughter, 
da., or dau. & coh. daughter and heiress, 
fil. et. hajr. son and heir, 
h. heir. 

hr. ap., or appart. heir apparent, 
m., md., or mar. married, 
na., or nat. born, 
ob., or obt. died, 
ob. inf. died an infant, 
ob. juv. died in youth, 
ob. inf. 89t. died a minor, 
ob. ccel. died a bachelor, 
ob. inn. died a spinster, 
ob. s.p. died without issue, 
ob. s.p. leg. died without lawful issue, 
ob. s.p. mas. died without male issue, 
ob. s.p.s. died without surviving issue, 
ob. v.p. died in the lifetime of his or her 

s. son. 

s. & h. son and heir, 
sp. or sepult. buried, 
temp, in the time of. 
unmar. unmarried, 
viv. or vix. was living, or lived in the 

time of. 
wid. widow. 
= signifies married. 

I I when i^laced under a nam-^ signi- 

Ji^ \|/ fies that he or she had children. 
X fciguifies extinction of that branch of 
the family. 
Genet. A small animal. P. 28. f 25. 

Genovillier. a piece of armour that 

covers the knee. 
Gentle. Well-born, of a good family. 
Gentle-Flower, or Flower-Gentle. A 

semee of which is borne in the arms 

of Caius College, Cambridge., P. 22, 

f. 17. 


Gentleman. Under this term are com- 
prised all that are above yeomen and 

A Gentleman has either inherited Coat 
Armour from his ancestors, or has received 
a patent for a new coat from the Kinsf of 
Arms. His achievement is the same as that 
of an Esquire. 

Gentry. The lesser nobility, gentle- 
men, descended from ancient families 
that have borne Coat Armour. 

Genuant. In a kneeling posture as an 
angel genuant, or kneeling. P. 36, 

George, St. The patron Saint of 

England. The Cross of St. George 

is red on a white field. P. 7, f. 21. 
George. The George is the pendant 

to the collar of the order of the garter. 

P. 24, f. 7. 
Gerattie. An ancient term for pow- 
dering or semee. 
Gerattyng. The ancient practice of 

powdering shields for difference is 

described under this term in the 

" Book of St. Alban's." 
Gerbe. a garb. 

Geroune, or Geronn}'. See Gyronnee. 
Gilly-Flower, or July-flower. A 

species of carnation of a red colour. 

P. 44, f. 20. 
GiMBAL, or Gimble-Rings. See Annu- 
lets conjoined in triangle. P. 37, 

f. 36. 
Gimlet. See Wine-Piercer. P. 41, 

f. 32. 
GiMMAL-RiNG. A double ring. P. 37, 

f. 35. 

Gimmal-rings are also borne triple and 

quadruple, f. 35 and 30. 
Giraffe, or Camelopard. P. 27, f. 50. 
GiRON. See Gyron. 
Gironne, Girony, or Gyronny. See 

GiRONETTE. A term for towers, when 

to,pped with spears. 
Girt, Girded, or Cinctured. Bound 

round with a girdle, or band. 
Gives, or Gyves. Fetters. 
Glaive, or Gleave. A javelin. P. 37, 

f. 22. 
Glaymore. See Claymore. 
Glaziers' Nippers, or Grater. A tool 

used by glaziers, and borne by them 

as part of their armorial ensign. 

P. 41, f. 7. 
Gliding, or Glissant. A term used to 

blazon serpents, snakes, etc., when 

moving forwards in Fesse. P. 30, 

f. 47. 
Globe. P. 39, f. 5. 

67 GON 

[ Globe-broken, or Fractured. The 
Crest of Hope is a broken globe 
under a rainbow, with clouds at each 
end. P. 39, f. 6. 
Globe-demi. i.d. f. i. 
Globe-celestial, i.d. f. 5. 
Globe-fractured, i.d. f. 6. 
Globe-terrestrial, i.d. f. 5. 
Globe in a Frame, environed with a 

meridian, i.d. f. 2. 
Globe with a stand, i.d. f. 3. 
Globical, or Convex. Circular on the 

outside. P. 9, f. 23. 
Globular Lamp. P. 39, f. 27, No. 2. 
Glory. A^ Nimbus, or circle of glory. 
P. 28, f. 31. 

The Christian attribute of Sanctity. 
Glove. A Falconer's glove pendent, 
and a like glove with a tassel. P. 4:;, 
f. 44. 
Gloved. The hand covered with a 

Glow-worm. The Palmer worm. P. ic, 

f. 24. 
GoARE. See Gore. 

Goat. A quadruped. The Heraldic 
Goat is ahva3's of the kind as P. 28, 
f. 59. Goat's head erased, f. 60. 
If the bearing is an Assyrian, Indian, cr 
Angola, Goat, it must be blazoned as such. 
P. 29, f. 1 and 2. 
Goblet. As borne by the name of 

Candish. P. 42, f. 26. 
GoBBONE. See Gobone. 
Gobone, Gobony, or Gobonated. Is 
composed of two tinctures in equal 
divisions, as a Bend Gobony. P. 17, 
f. 40. If it consists of two rows of 
chequers, it is termed Counter- 
Gobon}^ or Counter-Componee, for 
Componee is the same as Gobon}'. 
P. 17, f. 41. 
GoBON. An old term for a Whiting. 

P. 32, f. 23. 
Gobony. See Gobone. 
Gold. One of the metals termed or. 
in engraving is expressed by dots. 
P. I. 
Golden Fleece. See Fleece. 
Golden Orb. See Mound. 
Goldfinch. A beautiful bird. P. 33, 

Golpes, or Golps. Roundles of a 

purple colour. P. i. 
Gonfalon, Gonfannon. P. 43, f. 47. 
Gonfannon ; a banner, standard, or 
ensign. P. 46, f. 13. 
GoNNE. A cannon, same as Culvering. 
P. 37, f. 6. 




GooG. As borne in the Arms of Lake. 
P. 39, f, 42, No. I. 

Goose, A well-known aquatic fowl. 
P. 34, f. 30. See also Barnacle Goose, 
f. 19. 

Gordian-Knot. a double orle of annu- 
lets, linked to each other, and to one 
in the centre. It is sometimes called 
the double knot of Navan-e, being 
the arms of that kingdom. P. 20, 

i- 45- . . , 

Gore. Either dexter, or sinister, the 

former is honourable, the latter being 

tenne dishonourable as an abatement 

for cowardice in battle. P. 21, f. 32. 

Gored, or Goree. Cut into large arched 
indents; the same as Per-bend Nuee 
Double Arched. P. 19, f. 11. 

Gorged. A term to express any ani- 
mal or bird, having its neck encircled 
with a crown, coronet, collar, or 
wreath, as a demi lion ramp, gorged 
with a ducal coronet. P. 26, f. 31. 

Gorge. A term used by Leigh for 

Gorges. See Gurges. P. 22, f. 6. 

Gorget. Armour worn round the neck. 
P. 38, f. 9. 

Gorging, or Devouring. P. 32, f. 5. 

Gory. Red, the hand of the Baronet's 
badge is sometimes called a gor}'- 

Goshawk. A Falcon without bells. 

GouLis, Gowles, or Gowlys. Gules. 

Gourd. A many seeded fruit. P. 44, 

f. 58. 
GouRNET, or Gurnet. A fish. P. 32, 

f. 12. 
GoussES. Same as bean pods. P. 44, 

Gouts, Gouttee, or Gutty. See Guttee. 

GowLYS. Gules. 

Gradiant. a term applied to a Tor- 
toise supposed walking. P. 30, f. 5. 
Grady. Represents steps, or degrees. 

P. 15, f- 15.. 
Graft. A point in point. P. 21, f. 4. 

Grafted. Inserted and fixed. 

Grain Tree. P. 44, f. 32. 

Gramine. a chaplet of grass, is the 

same as a Crown Graminee. P. 43, 

Granada, Apple of. A Pomegranate. 

P. 44, f. 57. 
Grand-Quarterings. See Marshalling. 
Grannapye. Same as Shoveller. P. 34, 

f. 23. 
Grapes. Grapes on the vine branch 

are frequently met with in Coat 

Armour. See Vine Branch Fructed. 

P. 45, f. 8, and P. 47. A Slip of Vine 

Fructed. P. 20, f. 21. 
Grapple. See Cramp. 
Grappling-iron. An instrument used 

in the navy. P. 38, f. 44. 
Grasping. Holding. P. 36, f. 10, 11, 

and 12. 
Grasshopper. The crest of Gresliam. 

P. 30, f. 8. _ 
Grater, Grazier, Grosing-iron, or 

Glaziers' nippers. P. 41, f. 7. 
Gray. A Badge, or Brock. P. 27, 

Grayled. Same as Engrailed. 
Grayling. A fish. P. 32, f. 42a. 
Grazier, or Glaziers' nippers q.v. 
Grazing. See Browsing. 
Greave. That part of the armour 

which coVers the leg from the knee 

to the foot. P. 38, f. 14. 
Greek Cross. Has its four limbs all of 

equal length. 
Greces, steps. A cross on three greces. 

P. 8, f. 33. See Grieces. 
Green. Vert. q.v. 
Green, or Wild-man. A savage. P. 35, 

f. 24. 
Greeze. See Grieces. 
Grell. Same as Engrailed. 
Grenade. A hollow ball ; a kind of 

bomb filled with powder, and fired 

by means of a fuse. P. 37, f, 10. 
Greyhound. A slender dog fitted for 

running ; a Greyhound Courant. P. 

29, f. 20. 

Greyhound sejant, i.d. f. 21. Greyliound's 

head erased, f. 22. 

Greyhound's Collar. See Dog's Collar. 

P. 43, f. 43, No. 2. 
Grices. Young wild boars. 
Gridiron. P. 41, f. ii, as in tlie arms 

of Laurence. 

The other example on the sinister is an 

antique gridiron. A gridiron is the emblem 

of St. Lawrence. 

Grieces, Greeces, Greces, Grees, 
Greezes, or Griezes. Steps ; a cross 
on three grieces. P. 8, f. 33. A Fesse 
Griece. P. 4, f. 9. 

Griffin, Griffon, or Giyphon. A Fabu- 
lous animal. P. 27, f. i. 
^ It has the wings, fore feet and head of an 
Eagle witli the addition of ears ; the body, 
hind legs, and tail of a Lion. When the 
Griffin is in the position of Eampant it is 
not to be so blazoned, but is said to be 
segreant. P. 27, f. 2. 
Griffin passant, f. 1. 
Griffin sejant, f. 3. 
Demi Griffin segreant. f. 4. 
Griffin's head erased, f. 5. 




Griffin Male. Is represented without 

wings, having tufts issuing from 

various parts of the body. It is also 

termed Alee, or Alice. P. 27, f. 6. 

Griggs, or Elvers. Young eels. P. 32, 

f. 41. 
Gringalee, Gringole, or Guivre ; Any 
bearing so termed when its extremities 
end with the heads of Serpents. P. 
ii,f. 36. _ 
Gripe. Medieval name for Griffin. 
Griphon. Si'e Griffin. 
Gripping. When hands, paws, or 
talons, are represented grasping any- 
thing. P. 29, f. 46. P. 36, f. 16. 
Grise. See Grieces. 
Grittie. a term for afield composed 

equally of metal and colour. 
Grose. Or Drawing board. P. 41, f. 3. 
G ROSING iron, or Glazier's-nippers. 

P. 4i,f. 7. 
Grouse, or Moorfowl. P. 34, f. 42. 
Grove of Trees. Also termed a Wood 

or Hurst. P. 45, f. 60. 
Gryce. 5^^ Grice. 
Grvpe, or Gryphon. See Griffin. 
Gi'ARDANT, or Gardant. Said of Lions, 
Tigers, etc., when full faced. P. 26, 
f. II, 27, and 35. 
Guards. Rows of Fur upon the dexter 
side of Peer's INIantles and denote the 
rank, viz. Four guards for a Duke, 
Three and half for a Marquis. See 
P. 35, f. 16. Three for an Earl. Two 
and a half for a Viscount. And Two 
for a Baron. 
Guarded. Applied to Mantles when 

trimmed with rows of Fur, etc. 
GuAY, or Cheval Guay. A horse rearing 
Gudgeon. A fish. P. 32, f. 33. 
Guelphic, or Hanoverian Order. See 

Knighthood Orders of. 
Guidon, Guidhomme, or Pennon. P. 

46, ,. 12 and 14. 
GuiGE. A Shield-belt worn over the 

right shoulder. 
Guinea Pig. A small quadruped. P. 

30, f. 12. 
Guinea-Wheat. See W^heat. 
Guiron. See G3'ron. 
Guisarme. The same as Halbert. 
GuivRS. See Gringalee. 
Gules. Red. lu engraving is repre- 
sented by perpendicular lines, and is 
expressed sometimes in Blazon by the 
precious stone Ruby, or the planet 
Mars, etc. See P. i. 
Gull, or Sea-Gull. P. 34, f. 13. 
GuLY. See Gules. 

Gux-sHOT, or Gun-Stone. An old 

P. I. 

name for Pellet, or Ogress. 

Gurges, or \Miirlpool. P. 22, f. 6. 

Gurnard, Gournet, or Gurnet. A 
fish. P. 32, f. 12. 

Gurnet. A fish. P. 32, f. 12. 

Gusset. Dexter and sinister. P. 21, 
f- 33- When sanguine both are 

Gutt.e:, or Gouttes. See Guttee. 

Guttee, or Gutty, from the Latin gutta 
a drop. Guttee is a term which 
expresses the field, or any charge 
strewed over with drops. P. 12, f. 11. 
In blazon, be it observed, you are not to say 
guttee or such a colour, for the name ex- 
pre.-^ses the colour ; e g. Go] J drops are 
termed Guttee d'or ; drops of water guttee 
d'eau ; drops of blood guttee de sang. &j. 
P. 1. Az. Guttee d'eau. P. 2, f. 41. P. 10, 
f. 30. 

GuYDON, or Guydhomme. See Guidon. 

GuzE. Roundle of a Sanguine or Murry 
colour. P. I. , 

Gypsy's head. See Head. 

Gyration. A winding. 

Gyron. a gore in a Robe, Gown or 
Coat, formed by two straight lines, 
drawn from the dexter fesse and chief 
points, meeting in an acute angle in 
the fesse point. P. ig, f. 42. If the 
g3Ton issues from any other part of 
the shield it must be mentioned. Two 
Gyrons. P. ig, f. 43, and 44, 
The Gyron is subject to the accidental 
forms of lines, as engrailed, invecked, 
wavy, &c. 

Gyronne, GNTonn}^ or Gyrony. Tlie 
field is said to be Gyronny when di- 
vided into several Gyrons as g3'ronne 
of six, of eight, of twelve, of sixteen. 
P. 2, f. 25, 26, 29 and 30. Gyronny 
of eight within a bordure. P. 19, f. 

Gyronny, or Gyronne of three Arondia. 
P. 19, f. 45. 

Gyronways. Anything disposed in tl^.e 
form of a Gyron. 

Gyton. a pennon, or flag with pointed 


Habergeon, Haubergeon, or Hau- 
berk. A shirt of mail without sleeves. 
P. 38, f. 8. 

Habick, or Habeck. A tool used in 
the process of dressing cloth, anl 
borne in the arms of the Clothiers' 
Company. P. 41, f. 45. 

Habited. Clothed, or vested. P. ^^, 
f. 28, and P. 36, f. 10, etc. 

Hache, or Hacke. An axe. 


Hacked, or Hewed. When tlie indents 

are embowed. P. 15, f. 27. 
Hackett. Plumbers' cutting knife, or 

iron, P. 41, f. 7. 
Hackle. A Hemp-Break. P. 40, 

f. II. 
Haddock. A fish. P. 32, f. 35 
Haft, a handle. As a knife ar. haft, 

or hafted or. P. 41, f. 20. 
Haie. See Weir. 

Hair. See Head of Hair. P. 40, f. 47. 
Hake-Fish, or Hakot. P. 32, f. 36. 
Halbert, Halbard, or Halberde. A 

battle axe. P. 37, f. 31. 
Halcyon. See Kingfisher. 
Half. See Demi. 
Half-spade. P. 39, f. 18, No. 4. 
Half-spear. P. 37, f. 22. 
Halo, or Circle of Glory. P. 28, f. 31. 
Hamecon-cross. p. II, f. 15. 
Hames, or Heames. Pieces of wood 
or metal, by which the traces and 
body harness of a horse are attached 
to the collar. P. 37, f. ^s- 
Hammers in great variety are found in 

Coat Armour. P. 41, f. 25 to 28. 
Hanchet. See Bugle-horn. 
Hand. Borne variously in Coat 

The Hand is always understood to be a 
dexter one, if not mentioned as sinister, and 
wlien no other position is named it is under- 
stood to Le Apaumoe. P. 3(5, f. 1. 
Hand aversant. The back of the hand. 

f. I. 
Hand couped at the wrist, f. i. 
Hand couped in fesse. f. 2. 
Hand couped. f. 3 and 14. 
Hand couped in bend sinister, f. 5. 
Hand sinister couped. f. 6. 
Hand dexter and sinister couped, sup- 
porting a sword in pale. f. 8. 
Hands, two, conjoined in fesse. f. 2. 
Hands, two, rending a horse-shoe. 

P. ig, f. 29. 
Hand erased fesseways. P. 31, f. 36. 
Hand erect. Out ofa human heart a hand 
erect bet w. two stalks of Wheat flexed 
in saltire all ppr., in the hand a closed 
book sa. garnished or. P. 42, f. 4. 
For full blazon of Hands and Arms see 
P. 31, and P. 36. 
Hand-cuffs. See INIanacles. 
Hand-lamp. P. 39, f. 26, No. 2. 
Hand-red, or bloody. See Baronet's 

Badge. P. 31, f. 12. 
Hanger. A short curved sword. 
Hangers, or Kettle-irons, as borne by 
the name of Kettler. P. 41, f. 8. Tiie 
Hanger at f. 9, borne by Tecke. 
Hank of Cotton. P. 40, f. 5. 
Hanoverian Crown. P. 25, f. 25. 

70 HAU 

Hanoverian Guelphic Order. See 

Harboured. The same as lodged. 
Hare. A swift timid animal. P. 29, 

Hare playing on the Bagpipes, id. f. 6. 
Borne b}' Fitz-Ercald. 

Hare, scalp of. P. 31, f. 15. The Crest 
of Dymoke. 

Hariant. See Haurient. 

Harnysed. Clad in armour. 

Harp. A stringed instrument with 
triangular frame, the cords of which 
are distended in parallel directions 
from the upper part to one of its 
sides. It is the well-known ensign 
of the kingdom of Ireland. P. 3, f. 21. 
For other examples see P. 43, f. 19, 
and P. 31, f. 6. 

Harp-Jews. P. 43, f. 21. 

Harpoon, Harpoon-head, Harping-iron, 
or Salmon spear. P. 38, f. 45. 

Harpy. A fabulous monster, repre- 
sented as a vulture with the head 
and breast of a woman. P. 35, f. 30. 
A Harpy with wings expanded and 
inverted, f. 31. A Demi Harpy dis- 
played, f. 32. 

Harrington Knot. The badge of that 
family. P. 43, f. 9. 

Harrow. A frame of timbers crossing 
each other, and set with teeth. P. 39, 
f. 8, No. 2. 

Three triangular harrows conjoined in the 
fesse point with an annnlet. id. f. 9. 

Hart. See Stag. 

Hart, Royal. A stag v.-ho has escaped 
when hunted by a King, or Queen. 

Harvest \y. P. 30, f. 22. 

Haryant. Same as Haurient. 

Hasel-sprig. Same as a nut-branch 
only Avith three leaves. P. 44, f. 55. 

Hat. a cover for the head. P. 40, 

A Hat as worn over the arms of the States 
General, f. 52. Hat as borne in the arms 
of the Felt Makers' Companj'. i.d. Hat 
turned up and adorned with three ostrich's 
feathers, borne by the name of Huth. f. 53. 
Hat of a Cardinal. P. 40, f. 60. 

Hat-band. P. 40, f. 43. 

The dexter one as borne by the families of 
Bury, Magnes, etc. ; the other as borne in 
the Arms of the Felt Makers' Company. 

Hatchet, and Danish-hatchet. P. 37, 

f. 29 and 30. 
Hatching. A bird hatching. P. 31, 

f. 20. 
Hatchment. A corrupted term applied 

to denote a Family Funeral x'Vchieve- 

ment. See Funeral Achievement. 
Hauberk, or Hauberg. See Habergeon 



Hauette. S:e Habick. 

Haumetty. Sec Humettee. 

Hau RIANT, or Haurient. A term applied 
to Fish when placed erect. P. 32, 
f. 6, 13, 17, and iS. 

Haurient embowed. Borne paleways, 
but bowed. P. 32, f. 2. 

Haurient torqued, or targant. Borne 
paleways, but in the form of an S. 

Hausse. or Hause. 5"^^ Enhanced. 

Hautboy. A musical wind instrument. 
P. 43, f. 23, No. 1. 

Hawberk. a shirt of mail. P. 39, 
f. 20, No. 4. 

Hawk, or Falcon. A ver}' common 
bearing in Coat Armour. A Hawk, 
or Falcon, blazoned ppr. is repre- 
sented with a bell tied to each leg. 
See Falcon. 

Hawk's leure, or lure. As depicted in 
Armory are two wings conjoined with 
their tips downwards, fastened with 
a line and ring. P. 43, f. 16. 

Hawk's-bells. p. 43, f. 17. 

Hawk's-bell and Jesses. The jesses 
are leather thongs with v/hich the 
bells are tied to the hawk's legs. 
P. 43, f. 17. 

Hawks, Perch, or Rest. i.d. f. 18. 

Hawking, or Falconer's gloves. P. 43, 
f. 44. 

Hawmed. See Humettee. 

Hawthorn Tree, or Bush. P. 45, f. 43. 

Haydoddes. See Cyanus. 

Hay-fork, or Shake-Fork. Depicted 
as P. 39, f. 19. 

Hay-hook. As borne in the arms of 
Metringham. i.d. f. 21. 

Hay-rake. See Rake. 

Hazel. There are two varieties, the 
common hazel nut and -the fill)ert, 
met with in Coat Armour ; a branch 
of the common hazel fructed. P. 44, 

Hazel leaves. P. 45, f. 17. 

Head. Heads of Men and Women, 
Beasts, Birds, Fish, etc., are of fre- 
quent occurrence in Coat Armour. 
They are in profile (termed side long, 
or side faced), front faced, i.e. affron- 
tee, or guardant, and reguardant, 
which is looking back. 
In blazon, all heads are understood 
to be in profile, if not expressed to 
the contrary. 

The term^, Man's Head, Savage's Head, 
Saxon's Head, Englishman's Head, and 
Gipsy's Head, are used to describe heads of 
exactly the same kind. iSee Man's Head. 

Blazon of Heads. 

Bear's. P. 20. 

Bird's. P. 33. 

Boar's. P. 29. 

Ball's. P. 2A and 28. 

Dragon's. P. 27. 

Fish's. P. 32. 

Fox's. P. 29. 

Greyhound's. P. 20. 

Gritfia's. P. 27. 

Goat's. P. 28 and 20. 

Horse's. P. 27. 

Leopard's. P. 28. 

Lion's. P. 2G. 

Man s P. 3ii. 

Eatn's. p. 28. 

Stair's, p. 28. 

Talbot's. P. 29. 

Tiger's. P. 28. 

Uaicorn's. P. 27. 

Wolf's. P. 28. 

Wivern's. P. 27. 
Head of hair. P. 40, f. 47. 
Headpiece A helmet. 
Healme, or Casque. A Helmet. 
Heames. S:e Hames. 
Heart. In blazon, the heart is termed 

a human or body heart. P. 42, f. i. 

Heart. Enfiled, Easiijiie.l, Flamant, Pierced, 
Transfixed, Valued, Winged, etc. i.d. f. 1 to 
5, f. 4 is a dexter hand erect, betw. two 
stalks of wheat flexed in saltire, issuing 
from a heart all ppr., in the hand a book 
shut sa. garnished or. 

Heart's-ease, or Pansy-flower. P. 44, 
f. 23. 

Heater-shield. See Escutcheon. 

Heath-cock. P. 34, f. 41. 

Heaume, Heawme, Heaulme, or Casque. 
See Helmet. 

Heavenly bodies. See Planets. 

Hedgehog, or Urchin. A small animal, 
the upper part of its body is covered 
with prickles. P. 30, f. 11. 

Hedgehog-Fish, or Sea-Urchin. P. 32, 
f. 49. 

Heinuse. Signifies a young roe, in the 
third year. 

Heir Apparent. Is a person so called 
in the lifetime of the present possessor 
at whose death he is heir at law. 

Helm. An instrument by which a ship 
is steered. P. 38, f. 40. 

Helmet, Helme, Heaulme, or Casque. 
Was also termed Heaume, Basinet, 
Cask, Salet, etc. 

Although these were all terms to denote 
coverings for the head ia time of war, still 
they differed not only in name, but in shai^e. 
Our custo}u of bearing thj Crest on the 
Helmet is "oorrowed from the ancient fashion 
of adorning it with some kind of device, to 
make it apjjear terrible to the enemy. 
Helmets are now used as the distinctive 
mirks of Njbiliby, and are dileren^ly de- 
picted. They are freque.itly met with as 




cbarj:jea in Coat Armour^ and are also borne 
tfingly as Crests. 

Tlie Helmet of a King, or Prince, is fuH faced, 
with six bars, all of gold, and lined inside 
with crimson. P. 24, f. 8. 
The Helmet of a Dulce, Marquis, Earl, Vis- 
comit, and Baron, is of steel, garnished wHh 
gold, placed in profile with five bars, lined 
v.ith crimson, f. 9. 

The Helmet of a Baronet, or Knight, is of 
steel, ornamented with gold, and is shewn 
full-faced, with beaver open, lined with 
crimson, f. 1 1. 

The Helmet of an Esquire, or Gentleman, is a 
steel profile Helmet, ornamented with gold, 
the beaver close, f . 12 ; Helmet with Vizor 
raised, P. 3G, f. 10. 

If two Helmets are placed on one shield to 
support two different crests, they are usually 
set face to face. P. 2, f. 24. 

Helved. A term to express the handle 
of an axe, adze, hammer, etc., when 
of a different tincture. See Haft. 

Hemisphere - Northern, or Demi- 
Globe. P. 39, f. I. 

Hemp-Brrak, or Hackle. An instru- 
ment formerly used to break or bruise 
hemp. P. 40, f. II. 
Borne by the family of Bray. The bottom 
example as borne by Bree. 

Heneage-knot. p. 43, f. 13. 

Herald. An officer of Arms. The 
duties of a Herald were originally of 
a military and deplomatic character, 
but have for centuries been confined 
to matters relating to Armorial Bear- 
ings, Genealogy, and the Superin- 
tendence of Public Ceremonies. 

Heraldic-Antelope. A fabulous ani- 
mal represented with two straight 
horns, the body of a Stag, the tail 
of a Unicorn, a tusk issuing from the 
tip of its nose, a row of tufts down 
the back of the neck, on the chest 
and thighs. P. 28, f. 23. 

Heraldic Antelope's head erased. 
P. 28, f. 24. 

PIeraldic-Tiger. A fictitious beast, 
depicted with a hooked tusk at the 
nose, and with a mane formed of 
tufts. P. 28, f. 19. 

Heraldic-Tiger's head couped. i.d. 
f. 20. 

Heralds College, or College of Arms. 
A Royal Corporation instituted in the 
reign of Rich. HI. 

It's htad is the hereditary Earl Marshal of 
England, tife Duke of Norfolk, and its 
cfiicers are divided into three classes, viz., 
Kings, Heralds, and Pursuivants of Arms, 
whose precedence is regulated by seniority 
of appointment. The King's of Arms are 
three; the first, or chief, is termed Garter 
principal King of Arms, the second Cloven- 
cnix, and the third Korrcy. (!See Bath King 
of Arms.) The number of Heralds is six. 

viz., Windsor, Chester, Lancaster, Richmond 
Somerset, and York. There have been, at 
different periods, other Heralds whose titles 
are now laid aside. Heralds extraordinary 
have also been occasionally created. The 
Pursuivants are four, viz.. Rouge Croix, Blue 
Mantle, Rouge Dragon, and Portcullis. 
Besides the Heralds College of London, 
there is Lyon Office, Edinburgh, and the 
Office of Arms, Dublin. These have cogni- 
zance of the Heraldry of Scotland and Ireland 
respectively ; each has one King of Arms, 
Lord Lyon and Ulster. 

Heraldry. Intimately connected with 
the early history of Europe, its chival- 
ry, and its conquests. Is the science 
of armorial bearings ; how to blazon 
or describe them in proper terms, 
and to Marshal or dispose the 
different arms in an escutcheon or 

Herand and Herault. A Herald. 

Herce, See Harrow. 

Hercules. Called by the Greeks 
Heracles and Alcides, the most cele- 
brated hero of the Mythological age 
of Greece. Hercules is depicted as 
a naked man holding a club, and his 
shoulders are enwrapped with a 
Lion's skin. 

Hercules in his second labour, i e. in close 
encrasrement with tha Lernean H\'dra, is 

or / ' 

borne in the coat of Herklots. 
Hereditary. That has descended from 

an ancestor to an heir. See Arms 

Herisse. Set with long sharp points, 

as a hedgehog. 
Herisson. The hedgehog. 
H ERMINES. Ermine represented by 

Ermines ; i.e. white ermine spots on 

black. P. I. 
Hermit. One who retires from society 

to contemplation and devotion, and 

frequently in blazon is termed a 

Monk or Friar. P. 36, f. 31. 
Hern, or Heme. See Heron. 
Heron, or Heronshaw. A large bird 

with long slender legs, neck and bill. 

P. 34, f- 7- 
Herring. A small sea-fish, P. 32, 

f. 13. 

This is also blazoned a Cob-Fish, or Sea-Cob. 

Herse. Same as Portcullis. 

Heurt. See Hurt, 

Hieroglyphics. Symbolical figures. 

Hill, or Plillock ; also termed Mole- 
hill. P. 42, f. 60. 

Three Hills, as in the arms of Brinckman. 
f. 58. 

Hilt. The handle of a sword, Vvhich 
is termed Hilted when the tincture 
has to be named. 




Hind. The female of the stag. Hinds 
counter-tripping, and a Hind's liead 
couped. P. 28, f. 53 and 54. 

Hinge. A joint on wliich a door, gate, 
etc., turns. P. 42, f. 14. 

Hippocampus. A sea horse. P. 29, 
f. ^^. Sometimes represented having 
the entire lore part of a horse, ending 
in the tail of a dolphin. 

HiPPOCENTAUK. See Csntaur. 

HiPPOGRiFF. A fabulous animal, with 
a Griffin's bod}', terminating in that 
of a horse. P. 27, f. 7. 


HiRUNDo. A swallow. 

HoBY. A Falcon. 

Hogshead. See Tun. 

Hoist. The depth of any flag from 
chief to bas3 ; also its head or upper 

HoLLEN. See Holly. 

Holly, or Ilex. The sprig, branch, and 
leaf, are all met witii in armoury. 
P. 44, f. 39 ; P. 45, f. 23. 

Holy Bible. See Book. 

Holy-Dove. P. 22, f. 4. 

Holy, or Paschal Lamb. Represented 
passant with a cross-statf, banner 
argent, thereon a cross gules, over 
the head a glory or. P. 29, f. 4. 

Honeysuckle, or Woodbine. P. 45, 
f. I. 

Honour Point. See Points of the Shield. 
P. I, and P. 21, f. 21. 

Honoured. Crowned. 

Honourable Ordinaries. 5^"^ Ordinaries. 

Hood. The caul, coif, or cowl of a 
hermet. See Hermet's head with 
cowl. P. 36, f. 31. 

Hooded. Said of a hawk, when borne 
with its hood on. 

Hooded-Crow. See Crow. 

Hoofed. See Unguled. 

Hook. See Fish-hook, Flesh-hook, 
Hay-hook, Pruning-hook, Reaping- 
hook, Shave-hook, and Tenter-hook. 

Hooped-Bucket. p. 39, f. 35, No. i. 

Hop ; also termed Houblon. A plant. 

P- 45, f- / 
Hop-poles, sustaining their fruit. P. 

22, f. II. 

Hope, the emblem of. P. 35, f. 8. 

Horn. P. 43, f. 23, No. 2. The Trum- 
pet, f. 23, No. 4, is sometimes called 
a horn. 

In Heraldry the term Horn is used to denote. 
I. The horns of an animil ; see term Armed. 
ir. A Musical Ins'^rument, blazoned a Cor- 
net. P. 43, f. 21, No. 4. III. A Bu^rle, or 
liuutiu j: Hora. t'. -4. IV. The extremilioi 

of a Crescent which are called its horns, 
and anythinj^ placed within them, is said to 
be between the Horns ; when anythinu' is 
placed between and above the horns, it is 
said to be Issuant, or Out of. As an Estoile 
issuant of a Crescent. P. 23, f. 39. 

Horned. When the horns are of a 
different tincture from the animal it 
is said to be horned, or armed. A 
Stag is said to be Aitircd. 

Horned Owl. S~'e Owl. 

Horologium. An hour-glass. P. 39, f. 44 

Horse. A Draught-horse, distinguished 
by having a collar and traces. The 
Badge of the Earl of Pembroke. 

Horse. Much used in armory. A 
horse passant. P. 27, f. 30. 

Horse, courant. P. 21, f. 44. 

Horse, forcene. P. 27, f. 26. 

Horse, in full gallop. P. 36, f. 27. 

Horse, spancelled. P. 27, f. 31. 

Horse's Head, couped and bridled, 
i.d. f. 35. 

Horse's Head, erased, i.d. f. 34. 

Horse-Demi. P. 22, f. 16. 

Horse-Barnacles. Sec Barnacles. 

Horse-Fly. See Gad-Fly. 

Horse-Heames. 5^^ Hames. 

Horse-Picker. P. 39, f. 21, No. 2. 

Horse-Shoe. P. 37, f. 45. 

Horse-Shoes, three interlaced, i.d. 
f. 46. 

Horse-Shoe, two hands rending a 
horse-shoe. P. 19, f. 29. 

Hospitallars, Kniglits of St. John of 
Jerusalem, instituted about A.D. 
1092. Tliey wore over their armour 
a black robe, having a white linen 
cross of eight points fastened to the 
left breast. P. 11, f. 42. Between 
the year 1278 and 1289, when en- 
gaged in military duties, the}' assumed 
a red surcoat bearing a silver cross. 
P. 23, f. 21. See Knights Templers. 
Order of the Hospital of St. John of Jeru- 
salem in England. 

On the 14th May, 1888, Her Majesty the 
Queen was graciously pleased to grant a 
Charter of Incorporation to " The Grand 
Priory of the Order of the Hospital of St. 
John of Jerusalem in England," and to 
" declare that Her Majesty the Queen is the 
Sovereign Head and Patron of the Order, 
and that <ra the Eve of St. John the Baptist 
next fo lowing His Royal Highness the Prince 
of Wales shall become the Grand Prior of 
the Order." 

In consequence of the a.bove Charter a Lion 
passant guirdant and a Unicorn passant 
placed alternately or, was added to the 
angles of the Cross in the arms. 

HouBLON. See Hop. 

HoucE des amies. See Surcoat. 




Hound. See Dog. P. 29, f. 12. 
Hourglass, or Sandglass. P. 39, f. 44, 

No. 2. 
Hourglass, winged, i.d. f. 45. 
HousELERK. See Sengrcen. P. 22, 

f. 17. 

HOUSE-SNAIL. P. 30, f. 6. 

Housing. The embroidered caparison 

of a horse. 
Hovering. As an eagle with wings 

displayed. See also Disclosed, and 

HuERT. See Hurt. 
HuiT-FOiL. Eight-foil, or double qua- 

terfoil. P. 44, f. 18. The mark of 

cadenc}' for the ninth son. 
Hulk. The body of a ship. 5tv Hull. 

P. 38, f. 36. 
Hull. As in the arms of Masters and 

Mariners, i.d. 
Human figure. See J\Ian. 
Human skull. See Death's-head. 
HuMET. A fesse couped is so termed. 

P. 4, f. I. See Humettee. 
HuMETTEE, Humetty, couped, or 

coppee. An ordinary which is cut 

off so that the extremities do not 

touch the sides of the shield. P. 8, 

f. 28; P. 15, f. 12. 
HuNGERFORD Knot. p. 43, f. 12. 
Hunter's, or Hunting-horn, or Cornet. 

See Bugle Horn and Cornet. 
Hurchin. a hedgehog. P. 30, f. 11. 
HuRE. A term for the head of a wild 

boar, bear, wolf, and other such like 

animals, but not for those of lions. 
Hurst. A wood, or thicket of trees. 

P. 45, f. 60. 
HuRT,Heurts,orHuerts. Blueroundles. 

P. I. 

HuRTEE. Semee of Hurts. 

HuRTY, or Semee of Hurts, Anything 

is so termed when powdered, or 

strewed over promiscuously with 

Husband and Wife, arms of. See Arms 

Husband with two or more wives. 

See P. 46. 
Husk. The term Husk in heraldry is 

applied to the cup of the acorn . 

When the acorn and cup are of 

different tinctures, the former is said 

to be husked. See Acorn. 
Hyacinth. A precious stone, used in 

blazon to express the colour tenne. 
Hydra. A fabulous monster with seven 

heads. P. 28, f. 16. 
Hymeneal-torch. a torch bound with 

ribbons, f^ctmcs issuant. P. 41, f. 47. 

Hyrst. See Hurst. 

Ibex. In armory, an imaginary animal, 

it has two straight horns projecting 

from tlie forehead, serrated. P. 28, 

f. 21. 
Ibis. An Egj^ptian-bird. P. 34, f. 10. 
Icicle. A pendent conical mass of 

ice. P. 41, f. 48. 
I.H.S. Iota, Eta, and Sigma of Jesus, 

also abbreviation for Jesus, or Jesus 

Hominum Salvator. 
Ilex. See Holly. 
Imbattled, or Embattled. Same as 

Crenellee. P. 3, f. 8. 
Imbattled Christed. A chief imbattled 

christed. Same as a Cliief Urdee, 

or Champagne. P. 12, f. 8. 
Imbordured. See Bordered. 
Imborderixg. a term to express a 

held bordered with the same tincture 

as the field. 
Imbowed, or Embowed. Bent. P. 36, 

f. II. 
Imbrued, Imbued, or Embrued. Stained 

with blood. P. 37, f. II, and P. 36, 

Impale-to. Is to join two coats of 
arms palewise. See Arms Impaled. 

Impaled. United by impalement. P. 46, 
f. I. 

Impaling. Dividing the shield per- 
pale. P. I. 

In impalinw a coat with a border, the border 
is not continued down the centre line. Hee 
P. 13, f. 43. 

Imperial Crown. Properly that which 
is worn by an Emperor ; the Crowns 
of Kings are, however, often termed 
imperial, and any bearing that is 
crowned with a regal crown is said 
to be Impeiially Crowned. P. 26, f. 27. 

Imperial Eagle. An eagle with two 
heads. P. 33, f. 6. 

Imprese, or Impress. A device on a 
shield. A painted metaphor. 

In. Added to the Ordinary, is used to 
express the position of charges when 
they occupy that position of the 
shield assigned to the ordinary ; e.g. 
Five Roses in SaWvc; P. 20, f. 39. In Pale; 
P. 14, f. ?.6. In Bend; P. 17, f. 45. Three 
lozenjres in Pesee ; P. 3, f. 40. Two coRibs 
in Fesse; P. 4, f. 31. In Orle eight estciles; 
P. 5, f. 30. Five lozenges in Cross ; P. 8, 
f . 4. In Chief three estoiles ; P. 12. f. 3. 
etc, Observe it is correct to use the follow- 
ing terms instead of " In," viz : Bendways, 
Palcways, Fesse, or Barways, Chevcronways, 

INA 75 

Inarched. See Chevron Enarched. 

P, 15. f- 32. 

Incensed, Incensan, or Anime. Terms 
for animals when borne with fire 
issuing from their mouths and ears. 
P. 28, f. 7. 

Inxlave. The same as pattee, or dove- 
tailed. P. 12, f. g. 

Incontrant. Meeting. The same as 

Increment. Used to express the moon 
in her increase ; the same as the 
next term. 

Increscent. A crescent with horns 
towards the dexter. P. 23, f. 38. 

Inde. Azure. 

Indented. Notched. P. 3, f. 13. 

Indented-embowed. Achev. Indented- 
embowed. P. 15, f. 27. 

Indented, point in point. P. 3, f. 26. 

Indentee. Having indents not joined. 
P. 13, f. 18. 

Indextelly. Indented Perlong, with 
notches much deeper than usual. 

Indian Empire, Order of. See Knight- 
hood Orders of. 

Indian Goat. P. 29, f. i. 

Indian Goat's head coupcd. P. 29, 
f. 2. 

Indian Palm. P. 45, f. 52. 

Indorce. See Endorse. 
Indorsed, or Endorsed. Placed back 
S to back. P. 26, f. 15. 
Insscutcheon, Inescochen, or Es- 

cochen. A small escutclTCon borne 

as a charge, or on the centre of a 

shield, but much smaller than what 

is termed an escutcheon of Pretence. 

P. 19, f. 44, and P. 21, f. 44. 
Infamed. &<; Defamed. P. 26, f. 6. 
Infant's Head. P. 36, f. 49. 
Inflamed, or Flamant. Any thing 

burning. P. 42, f. 57 ; P. 45, f. 59. 
Infula. a long cap. P. 40, f. 51, 

No. 3. 
Inful.e. Ribands hanging from a 

Bishop's Mitre. P. 24, f. 10. 
Infulated. Adorned. 
Inf'Jled. Having a long cap embowed, 

at the end a tassel. P. 36, f. 45. 
In-Flank. P. 20, f. 3S. 
In-Full course. Same as Current. 
In Glory, or In Splendour. The sun 

surrounded by rays. P. 23, f. 32. 
In-Lure. Two wings conjoined and 

inverted are sail to be in lure. P. 33, 

f. 28. 
In -Pretence. Placed upon, and in 

front of. P. II. f. 21. 


In-Pride. Said of the Peacock and 
Turkeycock when depicted with tail 
extended. P. 34, f. 3 and 4. 

In-Surcoat. See Surtout. 

Ingots of Gold. P. 43, f. 46. 

Ingrailed. See Engrailed. 

Ingulfant, or Engoulant. See In- 

Ingullant. Swallowing. P. 32, f. 5. 

Ingulphant The same, 

Inhanced. Same as Enhanced. 

Ink-Fish. See Cuttle-Fish. P. 32, f. 

Ink-horn. Anciently termed " penner 

and ink-horn. P. 41, f. 17 and 18. 

Ink-INIoline, Ink-de-Moline, or Mill- 
Rind. Which see. 

Inquire, arms of, an Heraldic anomaly. 
Is when a Coat contains charges so 
contrary to the general rules of 
Heraldry, that persons are led to ask 
why they have been granted. See 
Enquirir Arms of. 

Inraced, or Racee. The same as in- 

Insects. Of different kinds are borne 
in Coat Armour, viz. : Bees, Ants, 
Butterflies, etc. P. 30, f. 7, and 
f. ig to 23. 

Insigna. Badges of distinction. 

Insigned, or Ensigned. Crowned. 

Instruments of the Passion. Displayed 
on shields in ecclesiastical decora- 
tions are the Pitcher, the Towel, 
Sword, Scourge, Crown of Thorns, 
Reed and Sponge, Spear, Nails, 
Ladder, Pincers, and a Heart pierced 
with five wounds, arranged in differ- 
ent ways. 

Inter. Between. 

Interchangeably-posed. As fish lying 
across each other, the heads and tails 
interchangeably posed, the head of 
each appearing between the tails of 
the others. This might be blazoned 
three fish, two in saltire heads up- 
wards, one in pale head downwards. 
P. 32, f. 25. 

Interchanged. The same as counter- 

Interfretted, Interlaced, or Inter- 
linked. Linked together, as three 
crescents interlaced. P. 23, f. 40. 
Tiiree annulets interlaced. P. 37, f. 
36. Three horse shoes interlaced, 
f. 46. 

Interlaced. As three chevronals in- 
terlaced. P. 15, f. 4- 

Int::rpos>:d, Alternately disposed. 



Intersicants, or Intersectants. Per- 

transiert lines which cross each other. 
Interstice. The narrow space between 

two or more bodies, as Ar. fretty Sa. 

in each interstice a crescent of tlie 

last. P. 5, f. 30. 
Inveckee and Goaree. The same as 

Double Arching, or Archee, Nuee, 

and Undee. P. ig, f. 11. 
Invecked, Invected, or Invecqued. 

The reverse of engrailed. P. i, and 

P. 3, f- 3. 
Invelloped, or Involved. Surrounded 

by, or issuing from clouds, etc. 

Invertant, Inverted, or Reversed. 
Any thing turned the wrong way. 
P. 15, f. 43; P. 33, f- 28. _ 

In vexed. Arched, as a chief arched. 
P. 12, f. 37. 

Involved. See a Serpent Involved. 
P. 30, f. 49. 

Ionic-Pillar. P. 43, f. 50. 

Ireland, Arms of. Az. a Harp or, 
stringed ar. See Title-page. 

Ireland, Badge of. P. 3, f. 21. 

Ireland, Crest of. P. 4, f. 21. 

Irish Brogue. Sec Brogue. 

Irish Crown. P. 24, f. 38. 

Irish-cups. See Covered-cups. 

Iron. See Cutting, Drawing, Soldering, 
and Spade Iron. 

Iron Ring. A tool used by wire- 
drawers, and borne as part of their 
arms. P. 42, f. 29. 

Irradiated. Surrounded by rays. 

Isant. See Issuant. 

Islands. Depicted as P. 42, f. 59. 

IsLE-OF-MAN arms. A shield gu. three 
legs as described at P. 36, f. 26. 

IssuANT, or Issuing. Terms which 
signify proceeding from, or coming 
out of, as a Lion issuing out of a 
fesse. P. 26, f. 26, and f. 29. An 
Estoile issuant out of a Crescent. 
P. 23, f. 39. Rays issuing, f. 30. 

Issuant et Issuant, or Issuant-Revert- 
ant. Terms to express an aninal as 
if he were issuing or coming into the 
field in base, and going out again in 
chief. P. 26, f. 33. 

Ivy. a plant tliat runs up trees, walls, 
etc. An Ivy branch. P. 45, f. 6. A 
wreath of iv}' is round the temples of 
the Negresses head borne by the 
family of Norton. (Lord Grantlcy.) 
" Ivy is the symbol of eternal life." 
Tlie arms of tie Town of rit. Ives. ar. an 
Ivy brancb overspreading the whole field 

76 JES 

Jacent. Lying along, as a stock of a 

Tree jacent eradicated. P. 45, f. 57. 

Jackdaw. A bird of the genus Crows. 

P- 34, f- 53- 

Jack-Union. See Union Jack. 

Jacob's Staff. See Pilgrim's staff. 

Jacynthe. See H3^acinth. 

Jagged. Notched, uneven. P. 18, f. 

Jaguar. See Ounce. 

Jambe. See Gamb. 

Jambeux. Armour for the leg. P. 36, 
f. 22. 

James, St. Cross of. P. 11, f. 2. 

Janus' Head. Is represented with two 
faces, an old and a youthful one, of 
which one looks forward and the other 
backward. P. 36, f. 40. 

Jashawk. a Hawk. 

Jaune. Yellow, or gold. 

Javelin. A spear with a barbed point. 
P. 37, f. 22. 

Jawbone. P. 42, f. 52. 

Jay. a bird. P. 34, f. 46. 

Jellop, or Jowlop. Tne comb of a 
cock, cockatrice, etc., and when of a 
different tincture from the head, the 
cock, etc., is said to be Jelloped. 
See Wattled. 

Jelloped. See Jellop. 

Jersey-comb. A tool used by wool- 
combers. P. 40, f. 12. 

Jerusalem Cross. A cross crosslet 
cantoned with four crosses. P. 8, 

Jessant. Throwing out, or siiooting 
forth as a lion rising, or issuing from 
the middle of the fesse. P. 26, f. 26. 
A Lion jessant of a fesse, also termed 
a Lion naissant of a fesse. 

Jessant and Debruised. i.d. f. 32. 

Jessant-de-lis, or Jessant-de-lys. When 
a fleur-de-lis issues from any object. 
As a Leopard's face jessant-de-lis. 

P. 28, f. 5. 

In old writinf^s the word vorant is used to 

express a leopard's face jessant-de-lis. 

Jessamine. In blazoning arms by 
flowers represents argent. 

Jesses. Short straps to tie the bells 
on the legs of a hawk, in which were 
fixed the varvels, or little rings, and 
to these was fastened the leash, or 
long strap by which the Falconer 
held her on his hand. 
See a Falcon's leg belled, jessed and 
varvellcd. P. 33, f. 34. 


Jewels. The tinctures of the arms of 
Peers are blazoned by some writers 
by the names of precious stones. See 
P. I. 

Jewelled. Adorned with Jewels, as 
the Coronets. P. 24, f. 42 to 45. 

Jews-Harp. P. 43, f. 21, No. i. 

John, St. of Jerusalem. See St. John 
of Jerusalem. 

John, St., Head of S. John the Baptist 
in a charger. P. 35, f. 33. 

John, Prester. See Prester-John. 

JoiNANT. Same as conjoined. 

Jousts. See Justs. 

Jousting-lanxe. p. 35, f. 23. 

Jowlopped. See Jellop. 

JuDDOCK. A Snip3. P. 34, f- 50. 

JuGARi^ Fasciolae. See Bar-Gemel. 

Jug. a drinking vessel See Ewer. 

JuLLAN, St. Cross of. A cross crosslet 
placed saltireways. 

JuLY-FLOwER. See Gilly-flower. 

JuMEL, or Jumelle. See Gemel. 

Jupiter. Azure is expressed by this 
planet in blazon. P. i. 

Jupiter's thunderbolt. P. 37, f. 44. 

JupoN, or Just-corps. A surcoat with- 
out sleeves, worn over their armour 
by the Nobles and Knights of the 
Middle Ages from about A.D. 1360 
to A.D. 1405. The Jupon vv-as em- 
blazoned with the insignia of the 

Justice, the emblem of. P. 35, f. 7. 

Justs. Military c::crc:"C3 i" fcr::ncr 
times, for the display of martial 
prowess, conducted with great pomp 
and ceremony. See Tournaments. 


K. Three Roman K's ar. on a field az. 

are the arms of Knocks. 
Kaare. a cat. P. 28, f. 26. 
Kae-Cornwall. a Cornish chough. 

P- 33> f- 54- 

Kangaroo. An animal found in Aus- 
tralia. P. 28, f. 42. 

Katherixe Wheel. See Catherine 

Kelway-pears, (See Pear) borne by the 
name of Kelloway. 

Kernelled, or Kernellated. Same as 

Kettle-hook. P. 41, f. 10. on the 
dexter side. 

Keys. Are variously borne in Coat- 
Armour ; for examples see P. 42, f. 7 
to 12. 

77 KNI 

Two Keys in Saltire. f. 9. The Emblem of 
St. Peter. 
Kid. a young goat. 
Kiln. See Brick-kiln. P. 41, f. 46. 
King in his robes of state sitting in a 

chair. P. 35, f. 2. 
King of Arms. See Heralds College, 

and Bath King of Arms. 
King of Arms, Crown of. P. 40, f. ^7. 
KiNG-FiSHER. The Halcyon of the 
ancients ; a bird with beautiful plu- 
mage. P. 33, f. 58. 
Kite. A bird of prey. P. 33, f. 60. 
Knife. Knives of various kinds are 
met with in Heraldry, as a Cutting 
Knife, Butcher's, Priming, Shredding, 
etc. P. 22, f. 28; and P. 41, f. 20 
and 22. 

Ar. three Shoemakers Knives gti. borne by 
Knight. A Title of Honour next to 
that of a Baronet, not hereditary. 
Knights may be divided into two 
classes. First ; those who are in- 
vested with some Order, and bear 
their Arms as P. 16, f. 21. Secondly; 
Those who are not so invested, termed 
Knight Bachelors. The arms of a 
Knight Bachelor is distinguished 
by the Helmet. P. 13, f. 21. 
Knight-Banneret. A Knight who, 
for good service under the Royal 
Banner, was advanced by the King 
to a higher Order of Knighthood on 
the Field of Battle. 
Knight-errant. One who wanders in 

quest of adventure. 
Knight of St. John of Jerusalem. See 

Knighthood. The character, or dignity 

of a Knight. 
Knighthood, Orders of. 

The Most Noble 
Order of the Garter. 
This Order was instituted by King Edward 
iii., A.D. 1350. The Original statutes of 
the Order are lost. By a Statute passed 
17th Jan., 1805, the Order was to consist of 
the Sovereign and twenty-five Knight's 
Companions, together with such lineal de- 
scendants of King George the First as may 
be elected, but exclusive of the Prince of 
Wales, who is a part of the original institu- 
tion. Foreign Sovereigns, and Princes and 
Extra Knights, have since been added by 
special statutes. The latter, however, _ be- 
come merged in the twenty-five Companions 
as vacancies occur. 

The Garter is of dark blue velvet, edged 
with gold, bearing the motto " Honi soit qui 
mal y pense " in letters of gold, with buckle 
and pendant of richly chased gold. It is 
worn on the left leg below the knee. 




The George. An enamelled figure of St. 
George on horseback, encountering the 
Dragon. It is worn as a pendant to the 

The Collar is of gold, composed of twenty- 
sis pieces (in allusion to the original number 
of Knights) in the form of Garter.-? and Gold 
Knots. The Garters are enamelled azvire, 
within the Garters alternately placed is a 
Eed and White rose, barbed and seeded 
l^pr. surmounting each other. 
The Star of eight points silver, in the centre 
of which is the Cross of St. George, guleSj 
encircled with the Garter and Motto. 
The Mantle of blue velvet lined with white 
taffeta, on the left breast the star em- 

The Hood of crimson velvet. 
The Surcoat of crimson velvet lined with 
white taffeta. 

The Hat of black velvet lined with white 
taffeta, to which is fastened by a band of 
diamonds, a plume of white ostrich feathers, 
in the centre of which a tuft of black heron's 

EiBtsoN of the Order. Blue. 
Motto. Honi soit qui mal y pense. " Dis- 
honoured be he who thinks ill of it." See 
Elvin's Hand-Book of Mottoes. 
The Collar, Star, Badge, etc. P. 24, f. 6, 
7 and 19. 
The Most Ancient and Most Noble 
Order of the Thistle. 
It is said this Order was instituted by 
James V. of Scotland, A.D. 1540. It was 
revived by King James II. of England, 29th 
May, 16S7, subsequently by Queen Anno, 
31st Dec, 1703, and by a statute passed in 
May, 1837, the Order is to consist of the 
Sovereign and Sixteen Knights. 
The Badge, worn pendant to the Collar, or 
to a Jark-grceii riuboii over Luo leiu shouiuer 
and tied under the arm, consists of a radiant 
star or, charged with the figure of St. 
Andrew ppr. Oi gold enamelled, with his 
gown green, and the surcoat purj^lo, bearing 
before him the cross Saltire argent, standing 
upon a mount vert, upon which the cross is 

The Collar is of golden thistles, inter- 
mingled with sprigs of rue enamelled ppr. 
The Jewel, worn attached to a green ribbon, 
consists of an oval plate ar. charged with 
the same figure as the Badge, Avithin a 
border vert, fimbriated (both internally and 
externally) or, and inscribed in letters of 
the same, " Nemo me impune lacessit." 
The Star is worn on the left side of the 
Coat, or Cloak, and consists of St. Andrew's 
Cross of silver embroidery, with rays emana- 
ting from each angle; in the centre is a 
Thistle of green, heightened with gold, 
upon a field of gold, surrounded by a circle 
of green, bearing the motto of the Order in 
golden characters. 
K.1BBON of the Order. Green. 
Motto. Nemo me impune lacessit. No one 
provokes me with impunity. 
Collar, Star, Badge, etc. P. 24, f. 18 and 23. 
The Most Illustrious 
Order of St. Patrick. 
This Order was instituted by King George 

III., 5th February, 1783, and consists of the 
Sovereign, a Grand Master, and Twenty-two 
Knights. The Lord Lieutenant of Ireland' 
pro. tempore, being Grand Master. 
The Badge, pendant from the Collar, is of 
gold, surrounded with a wreath of Sham- 
rock or trefoil, within which is a circle of 
Blue Enamel containing the Motto of the 
said Order in letters of gold, viz., Quis 
Separabit, with the date mdcclxxxiii, being 
the year in which the Order was foiinded, 
and encircling the Cross of Saint Patrick 
Gules, surmounted with a trefoil slij^ijed 
vert, each leaf charged with an Imperial 
crown or, upon a field argent. 
The Collar, of gold, is composed of six 
harps and five roses, three alternately, joined 
together by twelve golden knots ; the vosei 
are enamelled alternately by white leaves 
within red and red leaves within white, and 
in the centre of the Collar is an Imperial 
crown surmounting a harp of gold. 
The Mantle made of rich sky-blue tabiret 
lined with white silk, and fastened by a 
cordon of blue silk and gold with tassels. 
The Star consists of the Cross of Saint 
Patrick Gules, on a field argent, charged 
with a trefoil as on the Badge, surrounded 
by a sky-blue enamelled circle, containing 
the motto and date, and is encircled by 
four greater, and two lesser rays of silver. 
Kibbou of the Order. Sky-blue. 
Motto Quis Separabit. Who shall separ- 
ate us. 
Co lar, Star, Badge, etc. P. 24, f. 20 and 21. 

The Most Honourable 
Order of the Bath. 
The Order of the Bath was probably insti- 
tuted by King Henry IV , 1399, although 
Sclden and Ashmole are of opinion that the 
said King did not institute, but rather revive 
it. After the coronation of Charles II., the 
Order was neglected until the year 1725, 
when George I. revived and remodelled it. 
However, several alterations have since been 
made, and on the second day of January, 
1815, it was enlarged and divided into three 
classes, in commemoration of " the ausj^icious 
termination of the long and arduous contest 
in which this empire has been engaged." 
On the 14th April, 1847, it was further in- 
creased by the addition of Civil Divisions 
of the second and third classes, when new 
Statutes were made for the Government of 
the Ordei', which have since been revised 
and the Order now consists of the following 
members, viz. : 

1st Class Knight's Grand Cross for the 
military service, fifty, exclusive of the 
Sovereign and princes of the blood royal, 
and such distinguished foreigners as may be 
nominated Honorary Knights Grand Cross, 
and twenty. five for the Civil Service. By 
Eoyal Warrant, 2nd June, 1725, all Knights 
Grand Cross are entitled to a grant of sup- 

2nd Class Knight's Commanders for the 
military service, one hundred and twenty- 
three, and for the civil service eighty, ex- 
clusive of foreign officers, who may be 
admitted as Honorary Knights Commanders. 
In the event of actions of signal distinction. 


or of future wars, the numbers of this, as 
well as of the third class, may be increased. 
The members of the second class are entitled 
to the distinctive appellation of Knighthood, 
after having been invested with the Insignia. 
3rd Class Companions of the Order six 
hundred and ninety, and for the Civil Service 
two hundred and fifty ; they take precedence 
of Esquires, but are not entitled to the 
appellation or style of Knights. No officer 
can be nominated to the military division of 
the third class of the Order, unless his ser- 
vices have been marked by special mention 
of his name as having distinguished himself 
in action against the enemy. This class 
has never been conferred upon any officer 
below the rank of Iilajor iu the Army, and 
Commander in the Navy. 
The Badge for the Military Classes of the 
Order is a gold Maltese cross, of eight points, 
enamelled argent; in each angle a lion 
passant-guardant or ; in the centre, the 
rose, thistle and shamrock, issuant from a 
sceptre between three imperial crowns or, 
within a circle gules, thereon the motto of 
the Order, surrounded by two branches of 
laurel, proper, issuing from an escrol azure, 
inscribed Ich Dien (I serve) in letters of 
gold. It is worn by the Knights Orand 
Cross pendent from a red ribbon across the 
right shoulder, by the Knights Commanders 
around the neck, and by the Companions 
suspended from the left breast. 
The Collar is of gold (weight 30oz. Troy), 
is composed of nine imperial crowns, and 
eight roses, thistles and shamrocks, issuing 
from a sceptre, enamelled in their proper 
cOiOui's, Lied or linked kgether with seven- 
teen gold knots, enamelled white, having 
the Badge of the Order pendent therefrom." 
The Stae of the Grand Cross of the Military 
Division is formed of rays or flames of 
feilvei-, thereon a goM Maltese cross, and in 
the centre, within the motto, branches of 
laurel, issuant as in the Badge. 
The Badge and Star of the Knights Grand 
Cross of the Civil Division are the old badge 
and star of the Order. The Star is of silver, 
formed with eight points or rays, charged 
with three imperial crowns, proper upon a 
glory of silver rays, surrounded with a red 
circle, upon which is the motto of the Order. 
The Badge is of gold, composed of a rose, 
thistle, and shamrock, issuing from a sceptre 
between three imperial crowns, encircled by 
the motto_. The Knights Commanders of the 
Civil Division wear the like badge, of a 
smaller size, round the neck by a red ribbon, 
and the Companions of the same division 
the same, but of a still smaller size, from 
the left breast, pendent from a red ribbon. 
The Star is a cross -pattee silver, charged 
with three imperial crowns proper upon a 
glory of silver rays, surrounded with a red 
circle, uijon which is the motto of the Order. 
The Star of the Knights Commanders Civil 
Division is of the same form and size, omitt- 
ing the laui'el wreath and the escroU, and is 
worn embroidered on the left side. 
EiBBON of the Order pale red. 

Motto Teia Juncta in Uno. Throe joined 
in one. 



Collar, Stars, Badges, etc. P. 24 f ">-> og 
and 28 ; and P. 25, f. 13 and li. ' ' "'" ~ 

The Most Exalted 
Order of the Star of India. 
This Order was instituted by Her Maiesty 
Queen Victoria, 23rd February, 1861, and 
enlarged 28th March, 1866, and in 1875 
and 1876. ' 

The Order consists of the Sovereign, the 
Grand Master, and 2U5 Ordinary Com- 
panions or Members, together with such 
Extra and Honorary Members as Her Majesty, 
her heirs and successors, shall from time to 
time appoint. The 205 Ordinary Members 
are divided into three classes. The first 
Class are styled Knights Grand Commanders, 
and_ consists of thirty members (eighteen 
Natives and twelve Europeans) ; the second 
class of seventy-two members, stjlsd Knights 
Commanders ; the third class of one hundred 
and forty-four members, styled Companions. 
Her Majesty's Viceroy and Governor-General 
of India is Grand Ivlaster. 
The Statutes enable the Sovereign to confer 
the dignity of Knight Grand Commander of 
the Order upon such of Her Majestj- s British 
subjects as have, by important and loyal 
services rendered by them to the Indian 
Empire, merited the Eoyal favour; and the 
second and third classes upon persons who, 
hj their conduct or services in the Indian 
Empire, have merited the Eoyal favour. 
The Badge an onyx cameo of Her Majesty's 
(i&gy, set in a perforated and ornamented 
oval, containing the motto of the Order 
"Heaven's Light our Guide," surmounted 
by a Star all iu diamonds. The Ribbon of the 
Order is sky-blue, having a narrow white 
stripe towards either edge, and is worn from 
the right shoulder to the lel't side. 
The Collar is composed of the Lotus of 
India, of Palm branches, tied together in 
saltire, and of the united Eed and White 
Eose. In the centre is an im|3erial crown; 
all richly enamelled on gold, ia their proper 
The Star is composed of raj's of gold issuing 
from the centre, having thereon a Star in 
diamonds, resting upon a light blue 
enamelled circular riband, tied at the ends, 
inscribed with the motto of the Order, viz. : 
"Heaven's Light our Guide," also in dia- 
The Mantle Light blue satin, lined with 
v/hite, and fastened with a cordon of white 
silk, with blue and silver tassels, on the left 
side a representation of the Star of the 
Collar, Badge, and Star. P. 24, f. 27. 
The Motto, "Heaven's light our guide." 

The Most Distinguished Order 
of St. Michael and St, George. 
Instituted by King George IV., when Prince 
Eegent, 27th April, 1818. by Letters Patent, 
under the Great Seal of Great Britain, in 
commemoration of the Republic of the 
Ionian Islands being j)laced under the pro- 
tection of Great Britain. The Order was 
enlarged and extended 4th December, 1868, 
and 30th May, 1877, for the natural born 
subjects of the United Kingdom as may 




have held, or shall hold, high and confi- 
dential offices within Her Majesty's colonial 
possessions ; and again, 1879, by the admis- 
sion of persons rendering good service to the 
Crown in relation to the Foreign Affairs of 
the British Empire. 

The Members of the Order take rank and 
precedency immediately after the corres- 
ponding classes of the Order of the Star of 
India, that is to say, the Knights Grand 
Cross, after Knight Grand Commanders of 
the Star of India ; the Knights Commanders, 
after the Knights Commanders of the Star 
of India; and the Companions, after the 
Companions of the Star of India. The 
Grand Master is the First and Principal 
Knight Grand Cross. The Knights Grand 
Cross are entitled to bear supporters, and to 
encircle their arms with the collar, ribbon, 
and motto, of the Order. The Knights 
Commanders also encircle their arm^ with 
the ribbon and motto, and the Companions 
suspend the Badge of the Order from their 

The Order is to consist of not more than 
fifty Knights Grand Cross, exclusive of 
Extra and Honorary Members, one hundred 
and fifty Knights Commanders, and two 
hundi-ed and .sixty Companions. 

The Badge is a gold cross of fourteen points of 
v/hite enamel, edged with gold, having in 
the centre, on one side, the Archangel St. 
Michael, encountering Satan, and on the 
other St. George on horseback, encountering 
a dragon, within a blue circle, on which the 
motto of the Order is inscribed. The Cross 
is surmounted by the Imperial Crown, and 
worn by the Knights Grand Cross attached 
to the Collar, or to a wide Saxon-Blue-Ribbon, 
with a scarlet stripe from the right shoulder 
to the left. 

Knights CorasiAN'DERS wear the badge sus- 
pended to a narrow ribbon from the neck. 

The Companions wear the small cros? of the 
Order from a still narrower ribbon at the 
liutton-hole of their coats. 

The Star of a Knight Grand Cross is com- 
posed of seven rays of silver, having a. small 
ray of gold between each of them, and over 
all the Cross of St George, gules. In the 
centre is a reijresentation of the Archangel 
St. Michael encountering Satan, within a 
blue circle, inscribed with the motto, Aus- 

The Collar is formed altei-nately of lions of 
England, of Maltese crosses, and of the 
cyphers S.M. and S.G., having in the centre 
the imperial crown, over two winged lions, 
passant guardant, each holding a book and 
seven arrows. At the opposite end of the 
collar are two similar lions. The whole is 
of gold except the crosses, which are of 
white enamel, and it is linked together by 
small gold chains. 

The Mantle is of Saxon-blue satin, lined 
with scarlet silk, tied with cordons of blue 
and scarlet silk and gold, and has on the 
left side the Star of a Knight Grand Cross. 

The Chapeau is of blue satin, lined with 
scarlet, and surmounted with white and 
black ostrich feathers. 

The Eibbon of the Order Saxon blue with 
a scarlet strip. 

Motto. Auspicium Melioris ^vi. A pledge 

of better times. 
Collar, Star, Badges, etc. P. 24, f. 31, and 

P. 25, f. 16 and 17. 

The Order of the Indian Empire. 
By Royal warrant, dated India Office, loth 
Sept., 1887 : The Queen taking unto her 
Royal consideration the expediency of ma- 
king certain changes in the constitution of 
the Order of the Indian Empire, as well by 
altering the designation of the Order as by 
adding thereto additional Classes, so as to 
enable her Majesty, her Heirs and Suc- 
cessors, to reward a greater number of 
persons who, by their services, official or 
other, to her Majesty's Indian Empira, have 
merited the Royal favour, has been gra- 
ciously pleased by Letters Patent under the 
Great Seal of the United Kingdon of Great 
Britain and Ireland, bearing date the second 
day of August, 1886, to revoke and abrogate 
so much of the Royal Warrant bearing date 
the thirty-first day of December, one thousand 
eight huadred and seventy -seven, by which 
the said Order was instituted, as limits the 
tame to the Sovereign, a Grand Master and 
one class of Members or Companions, and as 
is inconsistent with or contrary to the pro- 
visions of the now recited Letters Patent. 
And to ordain, direct, and appoint that the 
said Order of Knighthood shall henceforth 
be styled and designated in all acts, pro- 
ceedings and pleadings as " The Most 
Eminent Order of the Indian Empire." 

"The Most Eminent Order of the 

Indian Empire." 

Instituted 1st January, 1887. Enlar'^ed 1st 

June, 1887. 

The Order consists of the Sovereign, Grand 

Master, and three Classes. 

rpi,^ T?;,.,-i- mo~- ^,. rr,,; ,1, 4-, n..-.-~i n ,.-. 

ders, who have place and precedency next to 
and immediately after Knights Grand Cross 
of St. Michael and St. George. 
The Second Class, or Knights Commanders, 
who have precedency next to Knights Com- 
manders of St. Michael and St. George. 
The Third Class, or Comj^anions, who have 
precedency next to Companions of St. 
Michael and St. George. 

The Badge. A Rose gold enamelled gules, 
barbed and seeded vert, having in the centre 
Her Majesty's Royal Effigy within a purple 
circle edged with gold, inscribed with the 
Motto of the Order, surmounted by an Im- 
perial Crown both gold. 

The Collar is composed of Elephants, Lotus- 
flowers, Peacocks in their pride, and Indian 
roses, in the centre the Imperial Crown from 
which The Badge is pendant, . the whole 
linked together by chains of gold. 

The Star of The First Class or Knights Grand 
Commanders (G.C.I.E.) is composed of five 
rays of Gold and Silver, issuing from a Gold 
centre thereon Her Majesty's Royal Effigy, 
within a purple circle inscribed with the 
motto of the Order, the circle surmounted 
by the Imperial Crown both gold. 
The Star of the Second Class or Knights 
Commanders (K.C.I.E.) is composed of rays 
alternately bright and chiiDped, issuing from 
a gold centre, having thereon Her Majesty's 




E fi^'y withia a purple circle inscribed with 
thi Motto of the Orlar ia letters of g:oid, 
tlie circle sarin :>autei by the Imperial Crown 
also ji^old. 

The MAxn.E. Imperial purple satin, lined 
with, and fastened by, a cordon of white 
silk, wuth purple silk, and gold tassels 
attached, on the left side a representation of 
the Star of the first-class of the Order. 

The Ribbon of the Order is blue. For the 
second-class, is two inches in breadth. 

The Motto. " Imperatricis Auspiciis." 

Collar, Stae and Badje of the first class, or 
Knights Grand Commanders. P. 25a, f. 10. 

Ribbon and Badie, and Star of the second- 
class, or Knight Commanders, f. 11. 

The Badge of the third class, or Companions, 
f. 12. 

The Royal H.\noverian Guelpmic 

'I'his Order was instituted by King George 
IV., when Prince Regent, 12th August, 
ISI'), and has not been conferred by the 
British Crown since the death of William 
IV., when the I>ritish Sovereign ceased to 
be Monarch of Hanover. 

Tlie Collar, Star, and Badge. Military 
Grand Cross. P. 2o, f. 15. 

Thj Badge and Riband. Military Knight 
Commander. P. Iti, f. 21. 

The Collar. Star and Ba^Ige, is the same for 
a Civil Knight omitting the swords which 
Jire crossing each other over the Badge. 

The^libbon is light blue, watered. 

Motto Nee asi^era terrent. Dilficulties do 
not daunt. 

Knight Templers (soldiers of the pil- 
grims). The Order of the Knigiits 
Templers was founded about A.D, 
1 1 17 by Hugh de Paynes, vide Mard- 
nicnt's Templaria. They agreed in 
{irofession with the Hospitallers in 
vowing poverty, chastitie, and obedi- 
ence, and to defend Pilgrims to the 
Holy Sepulchre. 

'i'hese soldiers wore a white mnntle over 
their armour, as their peculiar habit, to 
which was afterwards adde l a red cross, 
emblazoned on the left breast, identical with 
the white cross of the Hospitallers. P. 11, 
f. 42. Thiir helmet had no crest, their great 
banner was oblong in form and per-fesse 
sable and argent, ornamented with the 
Cross of the Order, and the old French word 
" Beau-Seant," by which name it was com- 
monly known, was also their VVar-Cry. The 
Badge was the Agnus Dei. 

Knittin'g-frame, as borne in tlie arms 
of the Framework Knitters Company. 
P. 40, f. I. 

Knots. Entwined cords, used as 
Badges. For the different Knots, 
see P. 43, f. 7 to 15. 

Knots are mostly distinguished by the 
name of the family who bear them, as the 
Knot borne by the Family of Bourchier is 
termed a Bourchier lva<.t. See B.)wen, 
D,iCT3, Harrington, Ilen-ago, Hiingorford, 
Lacy, Oraioad, SuiS^rd, and Wake Knots. 

The Bow-Knot is depicted as the knot and 
bow. f. 2*1. The Wedding Knot, or Bow. 
f. 14. No. 2. 
Knotted. See Raguly. A limb of a 
tree knotted. P. 17, f. 27. 

Label, Lambeaux, or File. A I\Iark 
of Cadency used to distinguish the 
arms of the eldest son. See Disiini- 
tion of Houses. P. 46. 
All the Members of the Royal Family use 
the Lahil extending across the ghicld, e:i>;h 
being charged with different figures, exix'itt 
that of the Prince of Wales, which is plain. 
P. IG, f. 40 to 45. 

Label of II.R.II. Prince Albert Victor of 
Wales. P. 2.5a, f. 1. 

Label of H.R.H. Prince George of Wales, 
i.d. f. 2. 

Label of H.R H. the late Prince Albert ex- 
tending across the shield, charged on the 
centre with the cross of St. George. 

Label of one point. P. 16, f. 34. 

Label of two points. P. 16, f. 34. 

Label of three points. P. 16, f. t^^. 

Label of three points issuing out of 
chief, f. 35. 

Label of three points crossed, f. 39. 

Label of four points, f. 36. 

Label of five points, f. 39. 

Label with three bells pendent, or of 
three campanes, or points carnpanod. 


Label with three tags pendent, or 
double labels, f. 34. 

Label with three pomegranates pen- 
dent, enwrapped with a wiure or 
ril)bon. f. 37. 

Label in fesse of three points, each 
charged with a canton sinister, f. 36. 

Label in fesse, counter-posed with 
another, the points erect, or t\\o hies 
in fesse, endorsed, sometimes called 
a bar gemel, or iesse voided puttee, 
f. 38. 

Label of three points fixed, f. 39 

Label. A name given to the riobons 
that hang down from a mitre or coro- 
net ; the EscroU on which the motto 
is placed is also termed a Label, 
Scroll, or Slip. 

Labent. See Gliding. 

Laced. Adornjd, or fastened with a 

Lacs d' amour. True love knot. P. 43, 
f. 14. 

Lacy Knot. See Knots. P. 43, f. 11. 

Ladder-scaling. P. 37, f. 7. 

Ladv. a title prop.-riv belonging to 
tile d'luglitcrs of all Pe.jrs abov^ the 




rank of Viscount ; it is, however, by 
courtesy, now invariably extended to 
the wuves of Baronets, and Knights 
of every degree. 

Lady. As a Crest and Supporter, is 
frequently met with in Coat-Armour, 
and is blazoned either as a Lady, 
Female figure, or Woman. P. 35, 
f. 6. 

Three Ladies from the waist as in the Arms 
of the See of Oxford. P. 22, f. 15. 

La-fleur-du Maistre. See Mar3^gclJ. 

Lama. An animal. P. 28, f. 39. 

Lamb. Frequently used as a bearing 
in Heraldry, as P. 29, f. 4, without 
the banner. 

Lamb-FIoly, or Paschal Lamb. Also 
termed the Lamb of God. Is a Lamb 
passant, holding a banner argent, 
charged with a cross gules (the cross 
of St. George), and circle of glory 
over the head. P. 29, f. 4. 

Lambeaux. See Label. 

Lambeaux Cross. P. 9, f. 25 ; P. 10, 
f. 42. 

Lambeaux Cross rebated. P. 11, f. 25. 

Lambeaux per long. So termed when 
the points fall to the fesse point. 

Lambeauxed. The same as Dovetailed. 
P. 12, f. 9. 

Lambel. See Label. 

Lambent. See Gliding. 

Lambrequin, or Lamequin. The 
mantle or hood, intervening between 
the helmet and Crest, alwa3's repre- 
sented flotant. P. 2, f. 24 ; P. 8, 
f. 21 ; P. 13, f, 21 ; P. 16, f. 21. If 
charged with the Arms it is termed 
a Lambrequin Arnioyees. 

Lambrequin. A term anciently applied 
to the points which hang from the 
straiglit lines of the label. 

Laminated, or Scaled. Having scales. 

Lampagoe, or Lampargoe. See Lim- 

Lampreys. A fish. P. 32, f. 41b. 

Lamps of various shapes are borne in 
Coat-Armour. P. 39, f. 25 to 27. 
Antique Lamp, as borne by the family of 
Leet. f. 2.-). 

(ilobular, or Ship's Lamp; also termed a 
Lantern f. 27. 

Hand, or Burning Lamp. f. 2G. 
Lamp Inflamed, f. 25. 
Koman Lamp. f. 2fi. 

Lampargoe. See Limpago. 

Lampasse. The same as langued. 

Lancaster Rose. A Red Rose. P. 25, 
f. 4. 

Lance. A spear, P. 35, f, 15. 

Lancet. A sh.arp pointed, two-edged 
surgical instrument. P, 42, f. 51. 

Landscapes, or Landskips, are some- 
times granted in Modern Coats. 
They are False Heraldry, inasmuch 
as it is impossible so to blazon them 
in heraldic terms that a person can 
paint or engrave them without having 
seen the original grant. 

Land-Tortoise. See Tortoise. 

Langued, A term to express the 
tongue of beasts when of a different 
tincture to that of the body. 
The tongue, when red, need not be expressed, 
as it is always understood to be of that 
colour, if not named to the contrary, unless 
the thing depicted is gules, when it will bo 
azure, if not named of some other tincture. 

Lantern. A ship's lamp, or lantern. 
P, 39, f. 27, No, 2. 

Lapped, The same as wreathed. 

Lapwing, or Pewit, A bird. P. 33, 

f. 55- 
La-quise. See A-la-Quise, 

Lark. A bird. P. 33, f. 57. 

Larmes, or Larmettes, Guttee de. 
Liquid drops representing tears. See 
P. I, and the term Guttee. 

Lash, See Scourge. 

Lathing hammer. P. 41, f, 26. 

Laths, Bundle of. P, 41, f. 58. 

Latin Cross. P. 9, f, 38. 

Lattice, Tirlace, or Treilee. Consists 
of bars crossing one another at right 
angles, which do not interlace, but 
are nailed together at the crossings 
sometimes termed Fret-cloue, P. 22, 

f- 37- 
Launce. a tilting spear. 

Laurel. The leaves, sprigs and 
branches of which are of common. 
use in Coat Armour, 

A Laurel-leaf. P. 45, f. 18, A Laurel -spr iff 
and Branch. P. 44, f. 40. The Tiinmphal 
Crown is composed of laurel ; it is sometimes 
blazoned a Chapiet of laurel. P. 24, f. 34. 

Lavender, A plant. A chapiet of 
Lavender is borne by the name of 
Lavender, and a Garb of Lavender 
by Ducket. 

Layer, or Laver-cutter. See Coulter. 

Laver-pot, or Ewer. P. 42, f, 27, 

Layer, At Layer, the same as lodged. 
P, 28, f, 47, 

Leading-staff, or Trailing-pike, P, 41, 
f, 59. 

Lead-line. A plummet and line, P. 38, 
f, 44, Used b}' Mariners to sound 
the depth of the sea. 

Leaf. See Leaves. 

Leaping, or Skipping. x\ term applied 
to beasts of the chase when in the 
position of courant ; also to the 
Crocodile, Salamander, Cameleon, 


Newte, Asker, Spider, Ant, etc., 
when borne erect. 
Leash. A band wherewith to bind 
anything ; also a leather thong with 
a button at the end, by which Fal- 
coners (having run it through the 
varvels) hold the Hawk fast upon the 

hand. P. 33, f. 34- 

The term is also applied to the line which 
passes from the collar of one greyhound to 
Leash. A term used for three birds, 

bucks, foxes, hares, etc. 
Leashed. Having a leash, or thong. 
Leather Bottle, as borne in the ar ns 
of the Bottle-Makers and Horners 
Companies. P. 42, f. 19. 
Leaves of all kinds are born in Herald- 
ry, e.g. The Aspen, Bay, Elm, Elder, 
Hazel, Holly, Laurel, Mulberry, Oak, 
Vine, etc. P. 45, f. 17 to 30. A Staf- 
Tree Leaf. P. 22, f. 33. 
Leaves are always erect if not otherwise 
named. A leaf pendant. P. 45, f. 27. 

Leaved. Said ol any plant when its 
leaves are of a different tincture to 
the stem. 

Le Bourlet. The Wreath, or Torse. 

Legs of Men, Animals, and Birds, are 
of common use in Heraldry. Animals 
legs are termed Gambs which see. 
Birds legs, when erased, are termed 
A-la-Quise to which refer. 
Men's legs are borne in various ways in 
Coat-Armour, and each form should be par- 
ticularly expressed in blazon ; but it is 
always to be understood that when a man's 
leg is blazoned couped, or erased at the 
tliigh, it is to be bent at the knee, whether 
c a I in armour or not, as a leg in armour, 
couped at the thigh. P. 3('.. f. 2.'. and f. 23. 
A leg erased at the thigh, and other ex- 
amples. Same plate, and P. 38, f. 18. 

Legs in Armour. As borne in the Arms 
of the Isle of Man. P. 36, f. 26. 

Legged, or Membered. See Bird. 

Leish. See Leash. 

Lentally. Tiie same as Indented. 

Leon'ced. See Decorated. 

Leopard. The positions of the Leopard 
are blazoned by the same terms as 
those of Lions. 

A Leopard's head, i.e. when depicted w/th 
the neck is always blazoned a Leopard's 
Head. When no part of the nock appears 
it i-i blazoned a Leopard's-face, and is always 
guardant. A Leopard's-face jessaut-de-lis, is 
depicted with a fleur-de-lis in its mouth, the 
top shewing above the head, for examples 
see P. 28, f. 1 to (3. 

Lhopardv, or Leoparde. A French 
term for a Lion passant guardant. 

Le tout de tout. When an in- 
escutcheon is surmounted of another it 

83 L I M 

is said to be Le tout de tout. P. 31, 
f. 10. 

Letters of the Greek, Hebrew, Roman, 
Text, and other Alphabets are borne 
in Coat Armour, either singly, or in 
words, e.g. The Greek Alpha A and 
9. Omega form part of the arms of the 
Regius Professor of Greek at Cam- 
bridge ; and the Professor of Hebrew 
has the Hebrew letter Hhet D. See 
Upsilon, etc. 

" The text X pierced through with a 
dash in the centre in the arms of 
Battle Abbey." 

" Now though i have read letters to be little 
honourable in arms, this cannot be dis- 
graceful, partly because Church-Heraldry 
moveth in a si^here by itself, partly because 
this was the letter of letters, as the received 
character to signify Christus." Fuller's 
Church History, vol. ii. ^. 227. 

Leure. See Lure. 

Levant. Rising, a term applied to 

Level. An instrument used by Masons. 

P. 4i> f- 38. 
Level-reversed, i.d. 
Lever. A name sometimes given to 

the Cormorant. P. 34, f. 34. 
Leveret. A young hare. Borne by 

the name of Leverington. 
Levyd. Leaved. 
Lewre. See Lure. 
Lezard. See Lizard. 
LiBARDE, or Libbarde. A Leopard. 
Lictor's-rod. See Fasces. 
Lie. French-Heralds use this term to 

express strings. 
Lighter. A heavy boat. P. 38, f. 34. 
Lily of the Flag. A Fleur-de-lis. 
Lily of the Garden, or White Lil3\ 

P. 44, f. 6. 

The emblem of purity. 
Limb of a Tree. A bend of the limb of 

a tree raguled and trunked. P. 17, 

f. 27. 
Limbeck, Alembic, or Still. Is the vessel 

through which distilled liquors pass 

into the recipient. It is borne as 

part of the Arms of the Pewterers 

Company. P. 39, f. 30, No. 2. 
Lime Tree. P. 45, f. 37. 
Li XI me of a Tree. See Limb of a Tree. 
Limp.ago. The engraving, P. 26, f. ^^, 

is a copy of a Limpago given in 

Burke's Heraldic Illustrations. 

Viz : a Lion's body with human face and 

flowing hair. 

It is generally represented as a Lion's bo<^ly, 

the face of a man with the scalp and horn* 

of a Bull. P. 27. f. 54. 




LiN'DEN, oi" Lime-Tree. P. 45, f. 37. 

Li\]-:d, or Doubled. A term applied 
to the inner covering, or lining of a 
mantle, robe, cap, etc. 

Lined. When a line is affixed to a 
collar, which enriches the neck of any 
animal, it is termed collared and 
lined. P. 29, f. 15. 

Lines of Partition. P. i. See also 
Party lines. P. 2. Also Dancette, 
Dovetailed, Engrailed, Embattled, 
Indented, Invecked, Nebule, Potent, 
Raguly, Wavy, etc. 

Ling. A fish. P. 32, f. 43. 

LiNGUED. See Langued. 

Link, or Shackle. P. 37, f. 42. 

Linked, or Conjoined. As annulets. 
P. 37, f. 36. 

Two triangles linked, or interlaced. P. 43, 
f. r-G. 

Links, or Fetters. See Shackbolt. 

Linnet. A bird. P. 34, f. 54. 

Lion. The noblest of all wild beasts, 
which is made to be the emblem of 
strength and valour, and is on that 
account the most frequently borne 
in Coat-Armour, as a Charge, Crest, 
and Supporter. The Heraldic Lion 
is always armed and langued gules 
unless such be the tincture of the 
field, when, if not named to the con- 
trary, it is azure. See Languid. 

Lion of England. A term used when 

speaking of an augmentation of arms, 

such as a Canton Gules charged with 

a Lion passant-gaardant or. which 

may be blazoned on a Canton a Lion 

of England. 
Lion Addorsed. P. 26, f. 15. 

Affrontee. f. 28. 

Antique rampant, f. 37. 

Antique head erased, f. 38. 

- - Assis. Same as Sejant. 1. 41. 

Baillone. f. 7. 


Collared and chained, f. 13. 

Collared, or gorged, f. 31. 

Combatant, f. 16. 

Conjoined, f. 12. 

Contourne. f. 18. 

COUCHANT. f. 45. 

COUEE. f. 8 

COUPED. f. 30. 

. Coward, f. 8. 

Crowned, f. 27 and 34. 

Debruised. f. 21. A lion ramp, 
guard, debruised by a fesse. 

Dechausse. f. 14. 

Defamed, or Diffair.e. f. 6. 

Lion Demi-passant, f. 49. 

Demi-rampant, gorged with a ducal 
coronet, f. 31. 

Demi-ramp, reguardant, crowned 
with a mural coronet, f. 34, 

Disjointed, f. 14. 

Dismembered, f. 14. 

Don-headed, f. 9. 

Don-tailed, f. 2. 

Dormant, f. 46. 

Double-headed, f. 9. 

Double queued, f. 2. 

Dragon, f. 54. 

Endorsed, or Addorsed. f. 15. 

Full-faced, f. 50. 

Gorged with a ducal' coronet, f. 31. 

GuARDANT. f. II, 27 and 35. 


ated. f. 12. 

IssuANT et issuant, and rcvcrtant. 

f- 33- 

IssuANT from a Chief, f. 29. 

- J ESS ANT and debruised with two 

bendlets. f. 32. 
Jessant and debruised fretways, 

with a fesse and two barrulets. f. 22. 

Leoparde. See Leopardy. 

Marine, or Sea-Lion. f. 5^. 

MoRNE. f. 5. 

Naissant from a fesse. f. 26. 
- Passant, f. 23. 

Passant guardant. f. 35. 

Passant reguardant. f. 24. 

PoissoN. f. 52. 

Rampant, f. i and 37. 

Rampant, collared and chained, 
f. 13. 

Rampant guardant. f. 11. 

Rampant reguardant. f. 10. 

Rampant tail nowed. f. 4. 

OF St. Mark. f. 51. 

Salient ; sometimes termed 
ing. f. 20. 


f ' '. 

Sea, or Marine Lion. f. 53. 

Sejant, f. 41. 

Sejant-Contourne. f. 18, 

Sejant dkxter. Paw raised. 

Sejant-extended, f. 44. 
- Sejant-guardant, afiVontee. f. 43. 

Sejant-rampant, f. 19. 

Sept-Insular. f. 47. 

Statant. f. 39. 

Statant guardant. f. 27. 

Statant tail extended, t. 40. 

Statant winged, f. 48. 

Tricorporathd. f. 17. 

Tail no wed. f. 4. 

Tail forked, f. 3. 

Winged, f. 48. 

v/iTH Human-face. f. 56. 




Lion's-Gambe ; the whole fore leg. P. 
2g, f. 45. The Paw is the foot coiiped 
or erased near the middle joint. 

Lion's Head Affrontee. P. 26, f. 50. 

Lion's Head Couped. f. 30. 

Lion's Head Erased, f. 25 and 38. 

Lion's Tail. P. 29, f. 50. 

LioNCED. Adorned with lion's heads. 
When the limbs of a cross terminate 
in the heads of lions, it is termed a 
Cross Lionced, or Leonced. 

LioNCEL, Lionel, or Lionceau. A 
name given to Lion's when more than 
three are borne in a shield. 

LioNNE. A term applied to the leopard 

, when rampant. 

Lis. A contraction of Fleur-de-lis. 

LiSTON. The scroll or ribbon upon 
which the motto or device is inscribed. 

Lists. Enclosed spaces for holding 

Litre. A French term for a funeral 
girdle, depicted on the wall of a 
church, with the arms of the Lord 
of the ]\Lanor. 

Litvit's Skin. A pure white fur. 

LivERY-CoLouRS frequently correspond 
with the first two tinctures named 
in blazoning the coat of arms. 

Lizard or Lezard. An animal of the 
Lynx, or wild cat kind, of a dark brown 

colour, spotted black, with short ears 
and tail, borne by the Skinners' Com- 
pany, London, and the Russian 
Merchants' Compan}^ P. 28, f. 17. 

Lizard, or Eft. A small animal of the 
crocodile species, borne b}' the Iron- 
mongers' Company, London. P. 39, 
f. 24, and P. 36, f. 12, properly Scaly 

Lizare, or Lisere. Bordered, edged, 
or fimbriated. 

Loach. A fish. P. 32, f. 24. 

Lobster. A crustaceous animal, some- 
times used in Coat Armour, and is 
borne by tiie name Banester, Dikes, 
etc. P. 32, f. 57. Lobsters-claws 
in Saltire, f. 56, borne by the name 
of Tregarthick, Kerne, etc. 

Loch. A lake, represented as P. 34, 
f. 26, without the rushes. 

Lochabar-axe. p. 37, f. 28. 

Lock. Pad-lock and Quadranglar- 
lock. P. 42, f. 13. 

Lockets. See Manacles. 

Lodged. A term applied to beasts of 
chase when lying at rest. P. 28, 
f. 47. and f. 55. 
Beasts of prey are coucbant. 

Log-line. A line used for ascertaining 
the speed of a vessel. P. 38, f. 44. 

Lolling. Expresses the position of 
an eagle in the act of feeding upon 
its prey when the wings hang down. 

London, Lord-Mayor Collar of. See 
Collar of S.S. 

Long-Bow. See Bow. 

Long-Cross. P. 9, f. 38. 

LoNG-PER. When the fitched part of 
a cross is longer than the other limbs 
it is said to be per-long. 

Looking back. Wnen a lion is rampant 
towards the sinister, with the head 
turned, looking backwards. 

Looking-glass. See Mirror. 

Loop-holes. Long and square are 
often borne in battlements, castles, 
towers, etc. P. 23, f. 11. 

LooRiNG-TONGES. See Closing-tongs. 

Lopped, or Snagged. Couped, shewing 
the thickness. P. 45, f. 56. 

Lord. A title of three-fold application. 
First : To Peers of the Realm, or Lords of 
Parliament, below the rank of Duke. 
Secondly : It is bestowed on several high 
offices, and belongs to the office, as the Lord 
Chancellor, Lord Chamberlain, etc. The 
Mayor s of London, Ytirk, and Dublin, have 
also this title during the Mayoralty, 
Thirdly : To those persons who, without 
being Peers, enjoy the title of Lord by 
courtesy, such as the sons of Dukes, Mar- 
quesses, and the eldest sons of Earls. 

LoRRAiN Cross, p. 8, f. 38. 

Lotus flower. P. 45, f. 11; P. 24, 

f. 27. 
Lou, Loup, or Loupe. A wolf. 

Loup-Cervier. a large kind of wolf. 

Love Knot. P. 43, f. 9. 

Lowered. The same as Abaisse. P. 15, 
f. 37. 

Lozenge. The Lozenge is a rhomboidal 
figure that has equal sides, and un- 
equal angles as P. 40, f. 14. 
The arms of all Maidens and Widows are 
borne in a Lozenge. Se3 P. 9, f. 21, P. 
22, f. 21, and P. 46, f. 9, 10, 11, 24, and 32. 

Lozenges conjoined, as three lozenges 
conjoined in fesse. P. 3, f. 40. 
Five lozenge? conjoined in fesse. f. 41. Five 
Lozenges conjoined in bend. P. 18, f. '^. 
Four lozynges conjoined in Cross through- 
out. P. 22, f. 41. 

Lozenge fleury, or flory. P. 40, f. 15- 
Lozenge-grand. When the lozenge reaches 
every way to the centre of the escutcheon 
it is called a Grand Lozenge, or a Lozenge 

Lozenge in Point, or extending itself 
to all points of tiie escutcheon. P. 21, 
f. 23. 

Lozenges in Cross. P. 8, f. 12. 

Lozenges. A cross of five lo-:enge?. 
P. 8, f. 4. 



M A N 

LozENGRE, or Lozenc;y. Terms to ex- 
press the field when covered with 
lozenges of alternate tinctures. P. 2, 
f. 31. See also Clicvron Lozenge. 
P. 2, f. 45. 

LozENGiE. A shield, or charge, divided 
or parted Lozengeways. 

LOZENGY-CROSS. P. 8, f. 2. 

LozENGY-BARRY, Barry-lozcngy, or 
Barrj^-indented. Is formed by bend 
lines, dexter and sinister, crossed by 
lines barways. See Barry Indented, 

P. 2, f. 36. 

LozENGY-BARRY bend}', or Barry-bendy. 

P. 3, f. 35. 
Lozengy-Masculy, formed like lozenges 

but every alternate one is perforated, 

and forms a mascle, through which 

the field is seen. See P. 2, f. 23, 

Lozengy-paly-bendy. p. 2, f. 32, and 

P. 22, f. 21. 
Lozengeways. Any thing placed in 

the form of a lozenge. 
Luce, or Lucy. A fish, the Pike. P. 32, 

f. 6. 
Lumieres. The e^^es. 
Lumphad. See Lymphad. 
Luna. The moon. In blazon is used 

to express argent. 
LuNEL. Four crescents in cross, v;ith 

their horns all turned in towards each 

L'uN EN l'autre. Same as counter- 
L'uN suR l'autre. Signifies in pale. 
LuPAR. A wolf. 
Lure, or Leure. The Lure was a 

figure stuffed like the bird which the 

hawk was designed to pursue. It's 

use was to tempt back after he 

had flown. The Lure in armory is 

drawn as P. 43, f. 16. 
Lure in. Wings conjoined, with their 

tips turned downwards as P. 33, f. 28, 

are said to be in Lure. 
Lute. A musical instrument. P. 43, 

f. 21, No. 2. 
LuTRA. See Otter. 
Lybbard. See Leopard. 
Lylye. Same as Lil}'. 
Lymphad. An old fashicned ship, with 

cne mast, and rowed v^ith oars. P. 

38, f. 25. Other examples on the 

same plate. 
Lymphad with oars. f. 29. 
Lymphad with sails furled, f. 26. 
Lynx. An animal of a tawny brown 

colour. P. 28, f. 15. 
Lyon, Lyoncel, or Licnccl. A lion. 

Lyon King of Arms. The chief of the 
Heralds Office for Scotland. 

Lyre, Lyra, or Lire. A musical in- 
strument. P. 43, f. 21, No. 3. 

Lys, or Lis. A fleur-de-lis. 


Mace. An ornamental staff. P. 35, 
f. 20, 21 and 22. Borne as an ensign 
of honour before magistrates, and is 
frequently given to such when they 
ol)tain a grant of arms. 

Mace, spiked. P. 41, f. 48. 

Mackerel. A fish. P. 32, f. 17. 

Macles, or Mashes. See Mascles. 

Maconne. The same as Masoned. 

Madder Bag. P. 40, f. 21. 

Magnetic-Needle. P. 38, f. 34. 

Magpie. A bird. P. 34, f. 40. 

Mahogany-Tree. P. 45, f. 49. 

Maiden's-Head. Ahvays depicted as 
the head and neck of a woman couped 
below the breast,. A Maiden's-Head 
wreathed about the temples with a 
garland of roses, and crowned with 
an antique crown, as borne in the 
arms of the Mercers' Company, Lon- 
don. P. 22, f. 24. 

Mail. Defensive-armour, represented 
like scales of fish, as the Habergeon. 
P. 38, f. 8 ; and Arm, P. 36, f. 21. 

Mailed. Clothed with mail. 

Main. A hand. 

Main -MAST. P. 38, f. 39. 

Maintenance, Cap of; also termed a 
Chapeau. P. 40, f. 54. 

Majesty, in his. Applied to the eagle 
when crowned and holding a sceptre. 

Male-Griffin. Also termed an Alee. 

P. 27, f. 6. 
Male-Tiger. See Heraldic Tiger. P. 

28, f, 19. 
Mallard. A wild duck. P. 34, f. 22. 
Mallet, Beetle, or Maul. P. 41, f. 33. 
Mallow. Plant of, and leaves. P. 44, 

i 43- 

Malta, Cross of, or Maltese Cross. 
P. II, f. 42. 

Malta, The Knight of. See Hos- 

Maltale. a Maunch, as borne by 
Hastings, P. 40, f. 32, is called by 
Legh, a Maunch Maltale, i.e., ill- 
shaped, or cut. - 

Man with one or more wives. P. 46, 
f. I to 8. See Marshalling. 

Man, and parts of his body in various 
attitudes, are common in Coat Ar- 

M A N 


M A R 

mour. Each part will be found 
under its respective term. As Man's 
Head, Arm, Leg, Hand. 
Observe that when the temples, or body of a 
man or woman are encircled with laurel, oak, 
etc., you are to say wreathed with laurel, 
oak, or whatever it may be ; and in describ- 
ing the upper parts of a man as cut, or torn 
off, you must say that he is couped, or erased 
at the neck, shoulders, or knees, as the case 
may be. When cut off about the middle he 
is called a Demi-man. For examples of 
blazon of Men. See P. 35 ; also terms Arm, 
Hand, Head, and Legs. 

Man's head. A Man's Head in Heraldry 
is always understood to be an old- 
man's head, with beard, etc., if not 
otherwise expressed. P. 36, f. 36. 

Man's head affrontee. f. 34. 

Man's head affrontee erased at the neck, 
f. 35. 

Man's head affrontee couped below the 
shoulders, f. 39. 
Bust, and bust in profile, f . 36 and 37. 

Man's head conjoined, f. 40. 

Man's head couped below the shoulders. 

f- 37- 
Man's head couped at the neck in 

profile, f. 38 and 50. 

Man's head couped at the shoulders. 

f- 45- , ^ 

Man's head crowned, f. 39. 

Man's head distilling blood, f. 50. 

Man's head enwrapped, f. 49. 

Man's head in profile, f. 45, 37 and 38. 

Man's head, three conjoined, f. 41 and 


For other examples see P. 36. 
Man's head on a dish. Called the head 

of St. John the Baptist. P. 35, f. 33. 
Man-wolf. See War-Wolf, 
Manacles, or Handcuffs. Single and 

double. P. 42, f. 59 and 40. 
Manage-Bit. p. 37, f. 54. 
Manche, or Maunch. An old fashioned 

sleeve. P. 40, f. 31. 

A Manche as borne by Hastings f. 32 ; 

antique examples 33, 34, and 35. 
Manche with a hand and arm in it, the 

hand clenched, borne by Glanville. 

P. 40, f. 36. One borne with the 

hand open by Mohun. 
Mancheron. a sleeve. 
Manchet, or Mancher. Cake of bread. 

See Wastel-cake. 
Mandrake. A vegetable root. P. 44, 

f. 60. 
Man ED. Said of any beast having a 

mane of a different tincture to the 

body. Also termed Crined. 
Mangonel. See Swepe. 
Mantegre, or Manticora. See Man- 

Mantelle, or MANXELee. See Chappe 

and P. 21, f. 36. 
Man-Tiger, or Manticora. P. 27, f. 54. 
Mantle. A flowing robe worn over 
the armour. See Lambrequin and 
Mantle, or Cloak. Whereon the 
achievements are depicted in blazon 
must be said to be doubled, i.e. lined 
throughout with some one of the furs, 
etc. That of the Sovereign being 
gold doubled with ermine. Those of 
the Nobility gules, doubled ermine. 
Those of the Gentry gules doubled 
with white silk, or miniver. In 
blazoning this latter the doubling 
must be termed white not argent. 
See Robe. 
Mantle, or Royal Cloak. P. 40, f. 29. 
Mantlet. A short wide cloak, with 
which Knights formerly covered their 
Manticora, or Man Tiger. P. 27, f. 54. 
Mantling. A term applied to the 
eagle when stretching out both legs 
and wings. P. 33, f, 11. 
Mantling, Cappeline, or Lambrequin. 

Which see. 
Mantyll. See Mantle. 
Map. a representation of any part of 
the surface of the earth drawn on 
paper or other material ; also termed 
a Chart. P. 43, f. 33. 
Maple-leaf. P. 45, f. 24. 
Marcassin. a young wild boar, dis- 
tinguished from the old by his pendent 
tail. The tail of the old boar is 
always curled. P. 29, f. 31. 
Marchioness. The wife of a Marquis. 
Margarette Daisy. The Badge of 
Margaret of Anjou the consort of 
King Henry VL P. 44, f. 26. 
Marigold. See Marygold. 
Marined. a term used for an animal 
with the lower parts of the body like 
a fish, as a Sea-lion. P. 26, f. 53. 
Most animals are found so joined to 
the tail of a fish, and are blazoned 
a Sea-horse. P. 29, f. 55. A Sea- 
Unicorn, a Sea-Wolf, Sea-Bear, etc. 
Marine-Wolf. A seal. P. 29, f. 51. 
Mark, St. Lion of. P. 26, f. 51. 
Marks of Cadency. See Cadency and 

Distinction of Houses. 
Marlet. See Martlet. 
Marlions, or Merlions-v/ings. The 
wings of a Martlet. Two Marlions 
wings conjoined and expanded, as 
borne in the arms of Mills. P. 19, 
f. 21. 

M A R 



-Marquess, or Marquis. Hereditary 
title, next in rank to a Duke. The 
eldest son of a Marquis, by courtesy, 
is called Earl, or Lord of a Place, 
and the younger sons Lords, with the 
addition of their christian name. All 
the daughters of a Marquis are 
Ladies. The armorial bearings of a 
Marquis are distinguished by his 
Coronet, P. 24, f. 43 ; and Mantle, 
P. 35, f. 16. 

Marquess, Coronet of. P. 24, f. 43. 

Mars. In blazon signifies red. P. i. 

Mars. The astronomical character of 
Mars is borne in the Arms of Stocken- 
strom, Bateman, Wimble, etc. P. 23, 

Mars signifies red, in blazoning arms 
by planets. 
Marshal of England. The chief ofi'"cer 
of arms, as the Earl Marshal, a great 
officer of the crown, who takes cog- 
nizance of all matters of the law of 
arms. The office belongs, by heredi- 

tary right, to the Duke of Norfolk. 
See Earl Marshal. 

Marshalling. Is the right disposing 
of more than one Coat of Arms in one 
Escutcheon, either by impaling or 
quartering, and of distinguishing their 
parts, and contingent ornaments, in 

their proper places, thereby shewing 

alliances, descents, etc. See Pedigree. 

In Marshalling quarterings, the shield of 

the earliestHcxress.whom the bearers ancestor 

has married, is placed first after the paternal 

coat ; then succeed any quarterings her 

descent may bring in ; the same is to be 

observed in resj^ect to the second Heiress, 

and so on in chronological order. When a 

daughter becomes Heiress to her mother, 

a' so an Heiress, and not to her Father, which 

happens when the Father has a Son by 

another Wife, she bears her Mother's Arms 

with the sliield of her Father on a Canton, 

taking all the quarterings to which her 

Mother was by descent entitled. When 

married, she conveys the whole to be borne 

on an Escutcheon of Pretence by her 

Husband, and transmit them at her death to 

be borne as quarterings by her descendants. 

A Grand Quarteeing is generally designed 

to denote the representation of a family 

different from that from wliich the possessor 

is descended in the linear male line ; it 

usually accomjjanies the assumption of a 

second name, and unites the two associated 

coats ?o inseparably, that if they come to be 

Marshalled with other quarterings they are 

no longer (as in other cases) spread out 

among them, but they still remain together 

as a Grand Quartering. I'here is no general 

rule which coat shall take the first place. 

The paternal coat frequently retains it, but 

in many cases the assumed arms are borne 

as the lii'st quarter. 

No person can claim a Co it of Arms of in- 
heritiince who is not lineally descended 
from the person to whom the arms were 
first granted, and no one can claim any right 
by inheritanceuntil the death of his ancestor, 
but with some modiiication derived from the 
usage of arms. e.g. The Heir apparent is 
entitled, according to the custom of arms, 
to use his ancestor's coat with a label of 
three points. P. 4^. 

It will be as well to observe-that no Husband 
can impale his Wife's arms with his own, rn 
a Surcoat, Ensign, or Banner ; nor can a 
Knight of any Order, when surrounding the 
shield with the motto of his Knighthood, 
bear his Wife's coat therein. See P. Ifi, 
Husband and Wife called Baron and Fenime. 
. P. 10, f. 21. 

Husband and Wife when she is an Heiress 
or Coheiress, the husband carries her arras 
in an escutcheon of pretence. P, 11, f. 21. 
Husband with two or more Wives. P. 40, 
f . 2 to 8. 

When a Widow marries a second Husband 
he impales'her paternal arms. 
Sea Fnncral Achieveinents, P. 4fi. 

Marshal's Staff. See Baton. 
Martin, or Marten. A kind of weasel 

sometimes called a Martin-cat. P. 30, 

f. 13. 
Martel. a hammer. 
Martlet, Merlion, or Martinet. French 

Merlette, or Merlof. Latin Mercula. 

Is a bird shaped like a swallow with 

a forked tail, and two tufts instead of 

legs. These tufts are shaped like 

erasures. P. 2, f. 45; P. 34, f. 59; 

and P. 47. It is the distinctive mark 

of the fourth liouse. P. 46. 
Martlet volant. P. 34, f. 60. 
Marygold. a flower. P. 44, f. 22. A 

French Mar3'goM. i.d. f. 28, as in 

the arms of Tyssen. 
Mascle. Is of a iczenge form, but 

always perforated. P. 40, f. 16. 
Mascle-head, or top. A chev. with 

the top fretted over, in the form of a 

Mascle. P. 16, f. 28. 
Mascle-Cross. p. 8, f. 7. 
Mascles conjoined. i.e., the points 

touching each other, as four mascles 

conjoined in cross. P. 8, f. 7. 
Mascles-fretted. p. 40, f. 18. 
Mascles, seven conjoined, three, three 

and one. P. 40, f. 17. 
Mascules, or Mascally. See Masculy. 
Masculy, covered with Mascles. P. 2, 

f. 27; P. 3, f. 39; P. 18, f. 6. 
Masculy-bendy. p. 18, f. 33 
Masculy-conjoined. p. 2, f. 23. 
Masculy-nowy. a cross so termed. 

P. II, f. 23. 
Masoned, Masonry, or Maconne. Rep^ 

. resents the cement in stone buildings.. 

P. 3, f. 11; P. 


M A N 



Mason's square. P. 41, f. 23. 

Mast with sail hoisted. P. 38, f. 38 
and 39. 

Mastiff. A dog. P. 29, f. 25. 

Match. Formerly used to lire can- 
nons, depicted as P. 37, f. 60, 
and borne in the Arms of Leet. 

]\Iatch-lock of a gun as borne by 
Leversage. P. 37, f. 34. 

Mateley-cross. A Cross Aiguise, or 
Urdee. P. 9, f. 45. 

Maul, or Beetle. A wooden hammer. 
P. 41, f. 33. 

Maun'che, Maunchenale, Maunchmale, 
or Monchee. See Manche. 

Maurice, St. Cross of. P. 10, f. 20. 

Maw, or Sea-Mew. The common gull. 

P- 34. f- 13- 

Mawritanians Head. A moor's head. 
P. 36, f. 42. 

May-flower, a sprig of. P. 2, f. 3. 

Mayor. Lord Mayor of London, collar 
of. See Collar of S.S., and P. 24, 
f. 29. 

Mayor, formerly Major, i.e. the first or 
senior alderman. 

The Lord Mayor of London, as the chief 
magistrate is called ; is properly sj^eaking, 
on y Mayor of London and Lord of Finsbury. 
This latter title was conferred, on the gift 
of the manor of Finsbury, by Richard IL, in 
consequence of Sir William Walworth (then 
Mayor of London) killing Wat Tyler in 

State cap of the Lord Mayor of London. 
P. 40, f. 5G. 

Mearemaid. See Mermaid. 

Measuring-yard, or Yard-measure. 
P. 41, f. 41. 

Medal. A badge of metal, struck in 
honour of some valiant achieveir.ent, 
or to commemorate some great event, 
or remarkable discovery. 
It i? borne suspended from the shield, and 
is frequently given as a charge in Coj,t 
JK rmour. 

Albert Medal. This decorati m was insti- 
tutf'J 7th March, 1)SG(), to be awarded, in 
cases where it shall be considered fit to such 
per.-ons as shall endanger their own lives in 
saving, or endeavouring to save the lives of 
others from shipwreck or other perils of 
tlic sea. 

There are two classes. 

The Jiedal of the First Class is of goldt 
enamelled dark blue with Monogram V and 
A interlaced with an anchor erect in gold, 
surrounded with a Garter in bronze, in- 
scribed in raised letters of gold " For Gal- 
lantry in Saving Life at Sea,"' an 1 sur- 
mounted by a (Jrovvn represent'ng tliat of 
Irince Albert. The Kibbon is dark-blue, 
] inch width, with four white longitudinal 
stri;)es. P. 25a, f. '3. 
lu the iiecond Class the medal is entirely of 

bronze, tiie li bboa i,iuch wide v.iLu luo 
white stripes only. 

In April 1877, by the especial desire of Her 
Majesty the Albert Medal was to be given 

for saving life on Lmul. 

The First Class, the badge is gold, enamelle<l 

crimson, with Monogram V and A. The 
Second Class, the Medal is entirely of 

The llibbon for both is crimson. P. 25a, 

f. 4. 

Naval and Military Med ils. 

P. 25, f. 10, 12, 18 and 20. 

P. 25a, f. IG and 17. 
Medleval. Relating to the middle 

Medusa Head on a shield. P. 43, f. 5S. 
Meire, or Meirre, The same as potent- 
counter potent. P. 3, f. 7. 
Melting Pot. See Furnace, and P. 39, 

f. 33. 
Melusina. Said to be half a woman, 

and half a serpent, after the fashion 

of a mermaid. 
Membered. Explained under the term 

Membre, or Membrez. Same as mem- 
Meniver. See Miniver. , 
]\Ienu of Vair, or Menuvair. Wlicn 

the vair consists of six or more rows, 

it is so term :d. 
]\Ierchant-brg. See Ship. 
Merchants' Marks. Devices adopted 

by wealthy merchants of the middle 

Merchant Service, Ensign of. See 

Mercury. In blazon, expresses the 

colour Purpure. P. i. 
Mercurys-cap, or Mercurial cap. The 

Petasus or winTed cap. P. 3,8, f. 4. 
Meridian. See Globe, and P. 39, f. 2. 
Merillion. An instrument used by 

hat-band makers, and borne as part 

of their Arms. P. 41, f. 44. 
Merle. A bla kbirJ. P. 34, f. 4^1. 
Meklet, Merlette, or i\x..iiiun, A 

Martlet. P. 34, f. 59. 
INIerlette-displayed. The same as 

AUerion. P. 33, f. 30. 
Merlion. See Merlet. 
Merlin. A hawk. See Falcon. 
Merlotte. a martlet. 
Mermaid. Half a woman and half a 

fish, usually depicted with comb and 

mirror. P. 35, f. 12. 
Merman. Represented as half a man 

and half a fish. Also termeJ a Nep- 
tune and Triton. P. 35, f. 11. 
Mertlet. See Mart'e , 
Mertrixes. Also ternel a Martin, or 

Martin-Ca , P. 30, f. 13. 


Mrsle. a term used by Feme, signi- 
f}dng Mingled, and applied by him in 
the same sense as Triangled. 

Mesles. a term to describe the field 
when of metal and colour in equal 
proportions, as paly, bendy, etc. 

M ETALS. Two only are used in heraldry, 
viz., gold and silver. See Tinctures, 
and P. I. 

Metamorphosed. When some portion 
of an animal lias assumed a form 
different from the proper one. 

Mew. a kind of Sea-Gull. P. 34, 
f. 13. Sea-Mevv. 

Mew. a Mew w^as a place of confine- 
ment for hawks. 

Mewed-Hawk. i.e. a hawk with hood on. 

Michael S., and S. George, Order of 
Knighthood. See Knighthood. 

Mi-couppe. Signifies the escutcheon 
parted per-fesse halfway across, some 
other partition line meeting it. 

Midas-head. A man's head with ass's 
ears. P. 36, f. 47, 

Middle base point. Middle chief point, 
etc. See Points of the Escutcheon. 

Mill-Bill. See Mill Pick. 

Mill-clack. P. 38, f. 50. 

MiLL-iNKE. See Fer-de-Moline. 

Mill-pick. A tool used in dressing 
mill-stones. P. 38, f. 52. 

Mill-rind, Mill-rine, or Mill-ink. Is 
the iron affixed to the centre of the 
mill-stone, by which it is turned by 
the wheel ; also termed Fer-de-Mo- 
line. P. 38, f. 53 and 54. 
The first shewn in the engraving is that 
UHuallj met with, the other examples are 
antique ones sometimes met with. See 
Mill -rind on the Mill-stone, f. 51. 

M ILL-STONE, charged with a Fer-de- 
Moline. P. 38, f. 51. 

Mill-wheel. P. 38, f. 51. 

MiLLER-CROSS. P. lO, f. 24. 

MiNERVAS Head. P. 36, f. 33. Mi- 
nerva the goddess of wisdom and 
tlie fine arts, commonly represented 
with helmet, spear, and sliield. 

Miniver. A plain white fur. 

Minnow. A small fresh-water fish. P. 
32, f- 39- 

Minster, or Cathedral. See Churcli. 

MiPARTEE, or Mi-party, the division of 
the escutcheon half way down the 
pale, and then crossed b}^ some other 
partition. See Mi-taille, 

Mirror. A looking glass. P. 43, f. 34. 

Mi-TAiLLE. A term to express that the 
escutcheon is cut only half way 
across, in bend sinister. If divided 
dexterwavs it is termed Mi -tranche. 

go M O N 

These divisional lines, toget'icr with 

those called Mi-party, and Mi-couppe, 

form three gyrons. P. 19, f. 43. 
Mitre. The cap of dignity borne over 

the arms of the Archbishops and 

Bishops of the Established Church 

of England. P. 24, f. 15. 

The Mitre is sometimes borne as a charge 

and also as a crest. 
Mitre of the Bishop of Durham issues 

from a ducal coronet. P. 24, f. 10. 
MiTRY. A bordnre so termed when 

charged wuth Mitres. 
MiTus. A bird of the pheasant kind. 
Modilion, Catoose, or Scroll. The 

foliage ornament of a pillar. 
MoiLE. An ox Avithout horns. 
Mole. Usually borne as in the arms 

of Mitford. P. 22, f. 43. 
Mole-hills. See Hills, and P. 42, 

f. 60. 
Mole-spade. P. 39, f. i:>, No. i. 
MoLET, or MoUet. " See Mullet. 
MoLiNE Cross. P. 10, f. I. Also termed 

Monastery, or Abbey in ruins. P. 23, 

f. 27. Borne by the name of Mait- 

land ; a monastery with two wings 

borne by Monkhouse. 
Monchee. See Manche. 
Monk. See Hermit. 
Monkey. See Ape, and P. 29, f. 58. 
Monkey-winged, i.d. f. 60. 
Monogram. A C3'pher composed for 

the most part of the initials of the 

bearers name intertv^aiied. P. 39, 

f. 15. 

MoNTANT. The same as erect in pale. 

MoNTEGRE. See Man-tiger. 

MoNTESE, or Mountain-cross. Is a 
plain cross humettee. P. 8, f. 28. 

Monuments and Tombs. All nations 
have in some way or another honoured 
valiant men and noble races l>y dis- 
tinguished places of sepulture. 
But we now only t)-eat of the time when it 
became cn-^tomarj to bury in churches, and 
when certain distinctive marks were devised 
to denote the estate and condition of those 
who lay in the several places of rej;ose. 
King-; and Trinces were represented lying on 
their tombs (which were made in the shape 
of altars), in their armour, with their es- 
cutcheons, crowns, and all other marks of 
royalty about them. 

Knights and Gentlemen could not be so 
represented unless they died on the field or 
Avithin their own lordships. 
Those who died victorious in battle were 
depicted with sword naked, point upwards, 
on the dexter side ; their shield on the 
?ini.-;ter ; their helmets on their heads. 
Those of the vunquisheel side who were s'.ain. 




wore represented without their snvcoat, their 
sword ill its scabbard ; vizor raised, hands 
Joined, as in prayer, on their breast; their 
feet on a dead lion. N.B. Those who died 
on their lordships were represented in a 
similar way, only that they had on their 
surcoat of arm?. 

The son of a General, or Governor of a 
fortress, dyin>.,', while the place wus besi^^ged, 
was depicted in armour, with his head rest- 
ing on a helmet instead of a pillow. 
If\ Kni*Tat or Gentleman entered any re- 
liL;iou3 order when old. he was represented 
arined, but v.dth the habit of his order instead 
of a surcoat. 

A Knight, or Gentleman, slain in single 
combat, was represented in armour, his axe 
out of his hand, his left arm crossed over 
hii right. The Victor was similarly rejire- 
sented, but with his axe in his hand, and his 
ri '-at arm over his left. Those who had 
gone to the Holy Land were depicted with 
the right leg crossed over the left, and their 
8v/ord^drawu by their side ; those who had 
vowed to go, but who died without accom- 
plishing their vow, were depicted with their 
left leg'^over the right, and with their sword 
in its scabbard. 

Those who died prisoners are said to have 
been repi-esented without spurs, helmet, or 
sv.-ord, though there is little warrant for 

By degrees these rules fell into disuse, and 
persons placed figures in any position they 
pleased upon monuments to siut their own 
fancy. cJee Crest. 

Moon. See P. 23, f. 36 and 37, and the 
term Crescent. 

]\IooR-cocK. P. 34, f. 41. 

Moor-hen, or Moor-fowl. P. 34, f. 42. 

Moor's head, Black's head, African, or 
Negro's head, are all drawn alike in 
Heraldry. P. 36, f. 42. 

Mooted, or Moulted. The same as 
Eradicated. P. 45, f. 31. 

MoRFEX. A bird. P. 34, f. 36. 

Morion, a steel cap. P. 38, f. i , 2 and 3. 

Moriscoe's head, a Negresses-head. 

P- 36, I- 43- 
MoRNE, or Mortne. Applied to a lion 

ramp, having neither tongue, teeth, 

nor claws. P. 26, f. 5. 
LIoRSE. The sea-lion. P. 26, f. 53. 
Morse. A clasp usually ornamented. 
Mortar. A thick short cannon mounted 

on a low carriage. P. 37, i. 12. 
Mortar and Pestle. P. 41, f. 50. 
Mortcours, Morteres, Morterres, cr 

Morteries-Royalls. P. 39, f. 28, No. 


A canllestick used at funerals and borne as 
J art of the arms of the Wux Chandicrs' 
Morthead. See Mort's-head. 

Mortier. a cap of estate. 
Mortne. See Morne. 
Mortised. See Enclave. 

InIort's-head. a death's head. P. 35, 
f. 34, and P. 36, f. 32. 

MosEs'-Burning-bush. P, 45, f. 59. 

Mosss-Head. a man's head with two 
rays of light, issuant from the temples 
like horns. 

Mossu, or Mouxsue. Rounded at the 
ends, as a cross mowrned, or blunted. 
P. 8, f. 41. 

Motto, or mot. A word or saying 
added to the Arms, placed in a scroll, 
eit'ner under the sliield, or above the 
crest, and sometimes in both places. 
P. II, f. 21, and P. 47. 
The motto is of universal use among all 
nobility and gentry. It does not exclusively 
belong to Heraldry, and is not hereditary, 
but may be taken, varied, or relinquished at 
pleasure. Still there is a pride in using a 
time honoured sentiment, particularly when 
it is commemorative of soiae deed of chivalry. 
Mottoes are for the most part either in 
Latin or French ; but they are met with in 
Hebrew, Greek, Italian, Spanish, German, 
Welsh, Irish, Scotch, etc. See Elviu's 
Handbook of Mottoes. 

Moulin, Fer-de. See Fer-de-Moline. 

P. 38> f- 53- 
Mouline-Cross, See Cross-Moline. P. 

10, f. I. 

Moulted. See Eradicated. 

Mound, from Mundus the world. It 
is also called the Golden Orb, and is 
tlie emblem of Sovereignty, Authority, 
and Majesty. It forms part of the 
regalia of an Emperor or King. 
It is represented as a ball encircled with a 
boriz ntal band, from the upper edge of 
which springs a semicircular band, both are 
enriched with diamonds and precious stones, 
and plac<Kl ou the top of the ball is a cross- 
patt'-'e. P. 42, f. 37. 

Mount. The bottom of the shield 
represented green and curved, as P. 

22, f. 7, 10, II, and 12. P. 2, f. 51. 
Animals and heraldic figures are very fre- 
quently placed on a mount and borue as 

Mount-grieced, or in degrees, i.e. cut 

in the form of steps. 
Mountain-Cat. See Cat-a-Mountain. 
Mountain, or Hil'. P. 42, f. 56. 
Mountain-inflamed. It is also termed 

a burning hill or mount. P. 42, f. 57. 
Mountain, or Montese Cross. A plain 

cross humettee. P. 8, f. 28. 
Mounted. A term apphed to a cross 

placed on grieces, or steps. P. 8, f. 

23. Also to the horse bearing a rider. 
Mounting, applied to beasts of chase 

when in the position of rampant. 
Mourn, or nioarued. Blunted applied 
to t;ie spikes in tlie top of the Croncl. 

M O W 



MousE-RERE. See Reremouse. 

MousuE,or Mossu. Rounded at tlie ex- 
tremities as a Cross Blunted. P.8, f. 41. 

MowRNED. See Mousue. 

Mulberry, the fruit of. P. 44, f. 58. 
The leaf. P. 45, f. 22. 

Mule, or Moyle. An animal. P. 27, 

f- 43- 
Mullet. Supposed to be the rowel of 

a spur, should consist of five points. 

P. 37, f. 47. When of more than five 

points should be blazoned a Star of 

six, eight, or more points, the number 

being named. P. 23, f. 43, and 44. 

Mullet, the fish so called. P. 32, f. 


MuRAiLLE, or Murallee. When an 
ordinary is represented walled, em- 
battled and masoned. P. 3, f, 11. 

Mural Crown. See Crown. 

MuREX-FERREUs. See Galtrap. 

Murr. See Auk. 

MuRREY-coLOUR, dark brown, the same 
as sanguine. P. i. The Lion in the 
armsof Thos. de Berton, of Shropham 
in Nor., is of this colour. 

MuscHETORS, black spots similar to 
ermine, the three dots being omitted. 
P. 12, f. 26. 

MuSCOVY-DuCK. p. 34, f. 21. 

Music Lines, or Bars, as borne in the 

arms of Tetlow. P. 5, f. 12. 
MusiMON. An animal with a goat's 

body and feet, ram's head and four 

horns. P. 27, f. c^j. 
MusioN. Ancient name for cat. See 

Musket. A fire-arm. P. 37, f. 5. 
MusK-ROSE, branch of. P. 44, f. 3. 
Muzzled. Said of any animal whose 

mouth is banded to prevent its biting. 

Bears are always borne muzzled, if 

not expressed to the contrary. P. 29, 

f. 40. 
Myrtle branch, with flower and buds. 

P. 45, f. 10. 
Myrtle, or Oval Garland. Given to 

those who were victorious at the 

Julian Games. 


Nag's-head. See Horse's Head. 

Naiant, Natant, or Nageant. Swim- 
ming ; applied to fish in that position- 
P. 32, f. 15. 

Naiant counter naiant. 

^w;mmmg m 

a contrary direction, i.d. f. 16. 

Nail. A closing, and passion nail. P. 

37, f. 45, and P. 41, f. 31. 
Nailed. See Lattice. 
Naisant, or Naissant. Coming out, as 

a lion naisant of a fesse. P. 26, 

f. 26. 
Napoleon, Badge of. P. 25, f. 8. 
Narcissus. A fiower consisting of six 

petals, each resembling the leaf of a 

cinquefoil. P. 44, f. 17, No. i. 
Nascent. See Naisant. 
Natand, or Natant, The same as 

National Banner, or Ensign. See 

Union Flag. 
Naunce, The same as Nebule. 
Naval-Crown. See Crown, and P. 24, 

f. 16. 
Naval-Medals. See Medal, and P. 25, 

f. 10 ; P. 25a, f. 16. 
Naval, Royal Ensign of, and Naval 

Reserve. P. 25a, f. 5 and 6. 
Naval-Point. See Points of Escutcheon. 

P. I. 
Navetty, or Navette. Semee of 

Nebule, Nebula, Nebuly, or Nebulee. 

Also termed Nebular and NebrJose. 

A crooked line to which all the ordi- 
naries and partition lines are subject ; 

it is intended to represent clouds, and 

is drawn as P. 3, f. 4 ; P. 12, f. 1 1 ; 

P. 19, f. 7. 
Needle. See Magnetic-needle, and 

P. 38, f. 34. 
Negro. See Moor, and P. 35, f. 28. 
Negro's head. P. 3G, f. 42. 
Negress. A Negress's head is borne 

by several families. P. 36, f. 43. 
Neptune, or Triton. Half a man, and 

half a fish, generally drawn with a 

Trident. P. 35, f. 11. 
Neptune's-mace, or Trident. A fork of 

tliree prongs barbed. P. 38, f. 45. 
Nerved. W^hen the fibres of leaves 

are of a different tincture from the 

leaf, the}' are said to be nerved. 
Nest of Birds. P. 31, f. 18, borne by 

Drummond, Knevet, etc. 
Nettle-leaf. P. 45, f. 28. 
Neve, or Newe. Fretted, or Nowed. 
Newfoundland Dog. P. 29, f. 29. 
Newt. Also termed Eft, or Effet. An 

animal of the lizard kind, P. 36, 

f. 12, 
Nightingale, A bird that sings at 

night. P. 34, f. 52. 
Nimbed. Having the head encircled 

with, a Nimbus, as the child's head, 

P. 35, f. I. 




Nimbus, Aureole, or Glory. A circle 
of rays, P. 35, f. i, sometimes repre- 
sented by a plain circle. See P. 26, 
f. 47; see also P. 28, f. 31, and term 
Nippers. See Glazier's-nippers. 
NiSLEE, or Nyllee, narrow, slender, 
La croix nylee is by some considered 
to be the cross-cercellee. P. 11, f. 32 ; 
by others a cross-moline depicted very 

Noah's Ark. P. 38, f. 42. Sea Ark. 

Nobility. Those who hold a rank 
above the degree of a Kniglit, and 
are distinguished by titles and privi- 

NoMBRiL, or Navel-point. See Points 
of Escutclieon. P. i. 

Norman -Shield, also termed the 
Heater-shield. See Escutcheon. 

NoRRY. The title of one of the King's 
of Arms, whose jurisdiction extends 
over England, North of the river 

Notched. See Cross-pattee notched. 
P. 9, f. 8. 

Nova Scotia, Baronets of. Instituted 
by James the First of England and 
Sixth of Scotland, for the planting of 
tiiat country by Scottish colonies ; as 
he created Baronets of England for 
the conquest and planting of the 
province of Ulster in Ireland. Tlie 
Nova Scotia Baronets are distin- 
guished by the Badge, P. 31, f. 13, 
viz., ar. a Saltire az., thereon an 
escutcheon of the arms of Scotland, 
with an imperial crown above the 
escutcheon ; all encircled with the 
motto, on a blue ribbon, edged with 
gold. The motto is " Fax mentis 
honeste gloria," in gold letters, sus- 
pended from the shield by an orange 
coloured ribbon. These Baronets 
are all allowed to wear Supporters. 
Arms of a Nova Scotia Baronet. P. 
15, f. 21. 

Noued. See Nowed. 

NouRRi. Applied to flowers when a 
part is cut off, and signifies couped. 

Nowed. Tied in a knot, as a serpent 
nowed. P. 30, f. 25. A lion with tail- 
nowed. P. 26, f. 4. 

NowY. See Partition lines. P. i. Three 
bars Nowy. P. 2, f. 14. 

NowYD. When the projection is not in 
the centre, but in each of the limbs 
as a Cross nowyd grady fixed. P. 7, 

f. 43. 
NuAGE, See 

Nuance. The same as Ncbulec. 

NucE. A cloud. 

Nuee, or Nuage. See Bend Nuee. 

P. 17, f. 24. 
NuEE-GOARED. See Fesse Arond}', 

Nuee-goared. P. 4, f. 6. 
Nuns-head. p. 36, f. 30, borne by 

Nut, Nut-tree, and Nut-branch, are all 

found in Heraldry. P. 44, f. 55. 
NuTE. See Newt. 
Nuthatch. A bird. P. 34, f. 38. Crest 

of Feilden. 
Nylle. See Nislee. 
Nymph. A female figure is sometimes 

blazoned a J\Iymph. 


O. This letter stands for Or, in sketches. 

Oak. a Tree, the Oak and parts of it 
are variousl}?^ borne, and of very 
frequent use in Coat Armour. An 
Oak Tree eradicated and fructed 
ppr. ; i.e., torn up by the roots, and 
having acorns upon it. P. 45, f. 31. 
An Oak Leaf. i.b. f. 19. 
An Oak Branch frnctcd should consist of 
four leaves ; if un"ructed, of nine; a spri.j 
should have five leaves, and a slip only 
three. P. 44, f. bli, and f. 52. The Oak 
Tree is the emblem of virtue and strength. 

Oar. a long pole with a flat thin end, 
by which vessels are driven along in 
the water. P. 32, f. 27. 

Oats. A grain. A Sheaf of, borne by 
the name of Ottley. P. 45, f. 15. 

Obsidional Crown, or Garland. See 
Crown Obsidional. P. 43, f. 2. This 
Crown was made of grass and twigs 
of trees interwoven. 

OcTOFoiL. A double quaterfoil, as P. 
46, No. 9, in distinction of houses. 

OcuLARiUM. The narrow opening for 
sight in the helmet. 

Odimoliont Fisli. See Remora. 

Officers ol Arms. See Heralds' 

Official Arms. See Arms of Office. 

Oge, or Bouse. A Water-bouget. 
P. 42, f. 20 to 24. 

Ogress. The same as Pellet, P. i, 
representing a ball or flint-stone for 

Olive-Crown. See Crown-OHve. P. 

Olive-Guttee de. See Gutte. 
Olive-Tree, and Olive-Branclies, are 
of very common occurrence as 




Heraldic bearings. See Dove with 
Olive-branch, P. 31, f. 25; P. 33, 
f. 42. 

Ombre. Shadowed. See Adumbrated. 

Omde, or Unde. Same as Wavy, or 

Ongle. a term for the claws of birds 
or beasts ; the same as armed. 

Ox, placed upon as " On a Fesse three 
lozenges." P. 4, f. 30. " On a Cross 
five fleur-de-lis." P. 7, f. 3. " On a 
Chief two mullets." P. 12, f. 2. "On 
a Chevron three escallops." P. 16, 
f. 24. " On a Bend three bezants." 
P. 47. 

On-sett, or Double On-sett, It is 
also termed Downsett, Rampee, 
Coppee, Ramped, Copped, and 
Rompu, as a Fesse Rompu. P. 4, 
f. 25. A Chevron Downset, or Rompu. 
P. 16, f. I. 

Opf.n-Crowns. The Ducal-coronet 
when borne as a charge in the arms is 
sometimes blazoned " Open Crown." 

Open in the head. Disjoint, or Brisse. 
See a Chevron disjointed. P. 16, 

Opiate-rod. See Caduceus. 

Opinicus. a beast with the body and 
tore legs of a lion, the head, neck and 
wings of an eagle, with the tail of a 
camel. It is sometimes borne " sans 
wings." P. 27, f. 8. 

Oppressed, or Oppressing. The same 
as Debruised, or Surmounted. See 

Or, gold, or yellow. See Tinctures. 
The term Gold may be used in blazon- 
ing a coat. In engraving, " O/' " is 
expressed by dots. See P. i. 

Orange. A roundle tenne. P. i. See 
also Tenne. 

(Jrange-Tree. p. 22, f. 12. 

Orarium, a Banderole. P. 42, f. 46. 

Orb-Golden. See Mound. 

Orb. The Globe, as P. 39, f. 5. 

Orbicular, i.e. Circular ; as seven 
stars placed orbicular, are found in 
the arms of D'Urban. P. 5, f. 39. 

Orbit. Round or Circle. 

Orders. See Distinguished Service Order. 
There are two Orders confined to Ladies; 
The Order of Victoria and Albert, and The 
Imperial Order of the Crown of India. Mem- 
bers are entitled to no special i)recedence. 
Badges. P. 24, f. 25 and 30. Order of the 
Indian Empire, i.b. f. 24. 

Order of the Dooranee Empire, Badge 
of. P. 25, f. 19. 

Order of St. John of Jerusalem. See 

Orders of Knighthood. See Knight- 

Ordinaries. So called because they 
are the most ancient and common 
amongst the various cognizances 
used in Heraldry, are divided( although 
on this point the opinions of Heralds 
are greatly at variance) into the 
honourable and subordinaries, which 
are all subject to the accidental forms 
of the lines composing them, as en- 
grailed, invecked, etc., etc. The 
honourable ordinaries according to 
the present practice should always 
occupy one third of the field, and are 
the Bend, Bend Sinister, Chevron, 
Chief, Cross, Fesse, Pale, Quarter, 
and Saltier, which, with their dimi- 
nutives, will be found under their 
proper heads. 

All ordinaries may be charged ; i.e , have 
figures upon them, their diminutives 
should not, but in many shields they are 
charged with figures. See Subordinaries. 

Ordinary of Arms. Heraldic Bearings, 
classified and arranged in accordance 
with the charges, and having the 
name of the bearer attached. 

Oreille. Eared. 

Oreiller. a cushion, or pillow. P. 40, 
f. 24. 

Organ-Pipe. P. 43, f. 20. 

Organ Rest. See Rest. 

Orarium, or Vexillum. See Banderoll. 

Oriental-Crown. See Eastern-Crown. 

Oriflam, Oriflamme, or Oriflambe. A 
square banner, made of flame coloured 
silk, and always appeared at the 
head of the French armies, from the 
12th to the 15th century. See Auri- 

Orle. One of the subordinaries is com- 
posed of lines passing round the 
shield, forming an inner border, and 
derive its name from Ourler to hem. 
P. 5, f. 31. 

The Orle is subject to all the accidental 
forms of Lines as Engrailed, Invecked, etc. 
f. 32. 

Orle of clouds. P. 22, f. 24. 
Orle of three pieces. P. 22, f. 25. 
Orle fretted with a pallet. P. 5, f. 3 k 
In Orle. i.b. f. 30. 
Within an Orle. i.b. f. 38. 
An Orle of Estoiles. P. 5, f. 36. 
Double Orle. f. 33. 

Ormond-Knot. p. 43, f. 10, No. 2. 

Ostrich, and parts of it, are common 
bearings in Coat Armour. The Ostrich 
is usually represented in Heraldry 
Avith horse-shoe or key in its mouth. 

P. 33> f- 40- 




Ostrich, head couped between two 

ostrich wings. P. 33, f. 41. 
Ostrich Feathers are borne single, and 

in phimes. See Plume, and P. 6, f. 21 ; 

P. 25, f. 22 and 23 ; also P. 43, f. 37 

to 40. 
Otter. An amphibious animaL P. 29, 

Otter s Head. P. 29, f. 53. 

Ounce. A fierce animal. P. 28, f. 18. 

OuNDY. Same as Wav3\ 

Outsticker, as borne in the arms of 
the Basket Makers' Company, Lon- 
don. P. 22, f. 28. 

Over. The word over in Heraldry- 
must never be taken to mean above, 
but upon. 

Over-all. Surmounted. P. 7, f. 4. 

Overlaid. A Pale fracted and overlaid. 
P. 14, f. 15. 

Overt, or Overture. Terms applicable 
to the wings of birds, etc., when 
spread open on either side of the 
head as if taking flight. P. 33, f. 3. 
It is also applied to inanimate things, as a 
purse overt; i.e., an open purse. P. 40, f. 41. 

Overture-elevated. Differs from the 
last by having the points of the wings 
elevated. P. 33, f. 2. 

Owl. The owl is always depicted full 
faced, P. 34, f. 55, and is the emblem 
of prudence and wisdom. 

OWL-HORXED. i.b. f. 56. 

OwNDY. The same as Wavy, or Undee. 

Ox. As borne in the arms of the city 
of Oxford. P. 22, f. 13. Ar. a chev. 
gu. betw. three oxen pass. sa. armed 
or. The Arms of Oxenden. 

Ox-YOKE. P. 37, f. 57. 

Ox's foot couped. P. 31, f. 23. 

Oyster. Catcher, or Sea-Pie. P. 34, 
f. 17. 

Oyster-dredge. p. 38, f. 59. 

P. Sometimes used for the word 

Pack. See Wool-pack. 
Pack-saddle. P. 37, f. 51, 
Paco. See Alpaca. 
Padlock. P. 42, f. 13. 
Pail. See Bucket, 
Paille. Diapered, and variegated. 
Pa 1 RLE. The same as a Cross Pall. 
Pairle-in, as gu. three swords in Pairle 

hilts inwards ar. P. 31, f. 31. 
Paissant. See Browsing. 

f. 5. and 29. 

f. 26. 

Palata. In pale. 

Pale. One of the honourable ordinaries, 
formed by two perpendicular lines 
drawn from top to bottom of the 
shield as Ar. a Pale sa. P. 14, f. i. 
Arms of Erskine. 

Pale-angled, f. 27. 

Pale Angled-quartered. f. 35. 

Arched-double, f. ig. 

Arondie. f. 19. 

Between two eagles, f. 6. 

Between two indorses, f. 4. 

Beviled, or Beveled, f. 23. 

Bretessed. f. 17. 

Champaine. f. 22, 


Dancette. f. 16. 

Endorsed, f. 4. 

Engrailed, f. 10. 

Fimbriated, f. 9, 

Fitchee. f. 20. 

Flory. f. 12. 

Fracted. f. 25. 


In-base. f. 37, 

Indented, f. 15. 

Indorsed, f. 4. 


LozENGY, f. 41, 

NuEE, or Nuage. f. ig. 

NowY Quadrate, or square, f. 35, 

Overlaid and removed, f. 25. 

Radiant, f, 18. 

Raguly. f. 13. 

Removed, etc. f. 25. 

Retracted, f. 24. 

Surmounted, f. 7. 
Three Pales, f. 32. 
Two Pales, f. 31. 
Two Pales couped in Fesse, etc. 

Pale voided, f. 8. 

Pale wavy. f. 14. 

Pale, in pale. P. 14, f. 36, 41 and 43. 

Pale, on a pale. P. 14, f. 18. 

Pale, per or Per-pale. When the field 
or charge is divided by a centre line 
drawn perpendicularly from top to 
bottom. P. 2, f. I ; P. 14, f. 40 and 

f. 45- 
Paled. The same as Impaled. 

Palet, or Pallet. A diminutive of the 

Pale being one half of it. P. 14, f. 2. 

Three Pales or Pallets, i.b. f. 42, and 45 ; 

P. 2, f. 18, 
Palewise, or Paleways. When figures 

are placed in Pale, as P. 14, f. 43 ; 

P. 31, f. 35. 
Pales. See Park-pales. P. 43, f. 36. 
Palisades. See Park-pales. 


PAL 96 

Palisado-coronet. Composed of iip- 
riglit pieces, like pales, pointed and 
fixed upon a rim. P. 24, f. 37. 

Palisse, or Paliss}'. Represents a 
stockade, or row of stakes with 
intervals between them, placed before 
a fortification. P. 22, f. 36. 

Pall. An archiepiscopal vestment, P. 
22, f. 2, and 3, is borne as a charge 
in tlie arms of the Sees of Canterbury, 
Armagh and Dublin. 

Pall-Cross. p. 8, f. 14. This is the 
arms of Pauling, viz.: or a Pall gu. 

Pall, per. A division of the field by a 
single line in the form of a pall. 

Pallas' head. A woman's head in 
armour. P. 36, f. 33. 

Pallas. The Shield of. See /Egis and 
P. 43, f. 58. 

Pallet or palet. A dimunitive of the 
Pale. P. 14, f. 2. 

Pallicum. See Pall. 

Palm-Branch. P. 45, f. ^^ ; P. 31, f. 

Palm-Tree. P. 45, f. 52. 

Palmer or Pilgrims were soldiers that 
had served in the Crusades or holy war, 
They were so called because they generally 
brought home a branch of jalui of the 
growth of Palestine, and Avore it as a sacred 
badge and token that they had performed 
Iheir vows, either by fighting against the 
infidels, or visiting the Holy Sepulchre. 

Palmer's Scrip or Wallet. P. 40, f. 

Palmer's-Staff. p. 42, f. 44. 

Palmer's-Staff and Scrip. P. 40, f. 
40. Pilgrims to the Holy City carried 
each a staff and leather scrip. 

Palmer Worm. P. 50, f. 24. 

Paly. A term to express the field or 
any bearing when divided into any 
number of equal pieces by perpen- 
dicular lines, as paly of six. P. 2, f. 
16. Paly of eight, f. 17. 

Paly-Bendy. P. 22, f. 21 ; P. 2, f. 32. 

Paly-Bendy sinister. P. 2, f. 33. 

Paly-Barry. P. 2, f. 42. 

Paly-Counterpaly. Same as paly 
per-fesse counterchanged. P. 14, f. 33. 

Paly and Fesse of nine, is the sliield 
divided into nine equal squares. P. 
2, f. ig. 

Paly Lozengy. P. 2, f. 32. 

Paly of three parted per-fesse. P. 14, 

f. 30. 
Paly of six, ar. and gu., a bend sa. 

P. 14, f. 44. 
Paly of six, per fesse. ib. f. 33. 
Paly of six, per fesse counterchanged. 

P. 22, f. 42. 


Paly of six Saltrery, or Paly Saltiery. 
P. 14, f. 38. 

Paly-per-fesse. ib. f. 33. 

Paly-pily. p. 6, f. 39. 

Pame. Langued. 

Pampillettee. See Papelonne. 

Panache. An upright plume of more 
than three rows of featliers, generally 
of a Cock or Swan, was not unfre- 
quent, particularly at the period 
shortly before th.e assumption of 
more distinctive crests. P. 43, f. 41. 
Crest of Mortimer. The Panache of 
Peacocks' feathers is the Crest of Sir 
Edmund de Thorpe, 1418. P. 43, 
f. 42. A Panache oi Turkeys feathers 
the Crest of Harsicke, of Southacre, 
CO. Norfolk. 

Pandall, or Pendall. Also termed a 
Spindle Cross. P. 11, f. 43. 

Panes. Pieces. The same as chequy of 
nine panes, or paly and fesse of nine, 
i.e., the shield divided into nine equal 
squares. P. 2, f. 19. 

Pannes. Same as Pean. 

Papingoe, Papegay. See Parrot. 

Panoply. Complete armour. 

Pansey, Pansy, or Hearts' Ease. P. 44, 
f. 23. 

Panther. In Heraldry, always drawn 
guardant, and incensed ; i.e., with 
fire issuing from its mouth and ears. 
P. 28, f. 7. 

Papal-Crown, Tiara, or Triple-Crown. 
A long red cap, surmounted by a 
mound and cross pattee ; round this 
cap are three Marquesses coronets of 
gold, placed one above the otiier ; 
from the inside issue two ribbons 
fringed, P. 40, f. 59. 

Papal-staff, or Pope's Cross-staff. 
P. 42, f. 48. 

Papegay. See Parrot. 

Papelonne, or Pampillettee. A term 
to denote the field or charge, covered 
with a figure like the scales of a fish. 
P. 18, f. 7; P. 2, f. 22. 

Papillone. See Papelonne. 

Paradise, bird of. P. 34, f. 6. 

Paradise, tree of. P. 22, f. 7. 

Parchment, roll of. P. 36, f. 10, 

Parer. Same as Butteris. 

Paring Knife. A currier's shave. P. 
41, f. 2. 

Park-pales. P. 43, f. 36. 

Park-pales in a circular form. P. 28, 

Park with stag lodged. P. 28, f. 55. 

Parlantes, Arms of. See Allusive 





Parliament Robe, P. 40, f. 30. 
Paraquet. a small sort of parrot. 

See next term. 
Parrakeet. One of the prettiest and 

most interesting birds of the parrot 

tribe. P. 34, f. 58. 
Parrot, Popinjay, or Papegay. A 

gregarious bird. P. 34, f. ^']. The 

parrot, when blazoned proper, is 

green, beaked and membered gules. 
Parted. Divided. 
Parted, double or biparted, triple or 

triparted, quarter or caterparted, and 

cinqueparted. Terms used for the 

field, or charge divided into two, 

three, four, or five parts. 
Parti. Same as Parted per pale. 
Partie, or Party. Signifies divided, 

applied to all divisions of the field, or 

any figure when divided by those 

particular lines, as Party per pale. 

Party per fesse, etc. P. 2, f. i to 10 ; 

P. 4, f. 32 to 39 ; P. 16, f. 30 to 32 ; 

and P. ig, f. i to 25. 
Partisan, or Partizan, See Halbert. 
Partition Lines. See Divisions of the 

shield. P. 2, f. I to 10. 
Partitions. Are the several divisions 

made in a coat when the arms of 

several families are borne in one 

shield. See Qaarterings. 
Partizan. See Halbert. 
Partridge. A bird of game. P. 33, 

f. 47. 
Party. Signifies divided, as Party per 

pale, etc. P. 2, f. i to 10. 
Paschal Lamb, or Holy Lamb. Is 

depicted, pass, carrying a flag charged 

with the cross of St. George, and 

circle of glory over its head. P. 29, 

Pascuant, or Pasquant. A term used 

for stags, sheep, etc , when feeding. 

See Browsing. P. 28, f. 48. 
Passans. See Passant. 
Passant. A term used for lions or 

other beasts in a walking position. 

P. 26, f. 23 ; P. 27, f. I ; P. 28, f. 19. 

Passant does not apply to the deer 

kind. See Trippant. 
Passant, Counter-passant Two beasts 

w^alking in opposite directions. P. 26, 

f- 36. 
Passant Guardant. W alking with head 

affrontee. i.d. f. 35. 
Passant Reguardant. Walking and 

looking back. i.d. f. 24. 
Passant Repassant. The same as 

Counter passant ; that is one animal 

called a 

9, f. I. 
The original arms of 

walking to the sinister, and the other 

to the dexter. P. 26, f. 36. 
Passaunz. Passant. 
Passe en Sautoir. A term to express 

any thing borne in saltier. 
Passion Cross. A long cross. P. g, 

f. 38. 
Passion-nail, always drawn as P. 41, 

f. 31 ; and P. 10, f. 15. 
Passion, Shield of the. See Instru- 
ments of the Passion. 
Pastoral-staff. P. 42, f. 46. 

This is often, but erroneously 

Patee. See Pattee-cross. P, 
Paternal Arms 

a family. 
Pater-Noster, orNostree. A cross of 

beads. P. 42, f. 41. 
Patonce Cross. P. 10, f. 13. 
Patrlarchal Cross. P. 22, f. 23. 
Patrick, St. Cross of, is a saltire gu. 

P. 7, f. 21. 
Patrick, St. Order of Knighthood. See 

Patronage, Arms of. See Arms of 

Pattee. See Cross Pattee. P. g, f. i 

to 27. 
Pattee fitchee, etc. ib. f. 14. 
Patten. A clog, as borne in the arms 

of the Patten-Makers' Company. P. 

41, f. 15. 
Pattes. The paws of any beast. 
Paul, St., Sword of. The dagger in 

the arms of the City of London is 

sometimes so called, St. Paul being 

the patron saint of the city, P. 27, 

f. 27. 
Pauldron. Armour for the shoulder. 
Paumy. See Apaume. 
Pavache, or Targate. Was a large 

buckler, forming an angle in front 

like the ridge of a house, and large 

enough to cover the tallest man from 

head to foot. 

Sometimes they were emblazoned and borne 

in state, and were usually introduced into 

funeral troi^hies. 

Pavas, or Pavise. A large shield which 

almost covered the person. 
Pavement. Depicted as paly barry in 

perspective. P. 22, f. 39. 
Paver, Pavier, or Paviour's Pick. P. 

41, f. 29. 
Pavilion, or Tabernacle. An oblong 

tent, with projecting entrance, P. 40, 

f. 28. 
Pavon. a long flag tapering from 

about half a yard to a point. 




Paw. The foot of a lion, bear, seal, 
etc., cut off at the first joint. See 
Seal's paw erased. P. 29, f. 52. 

Peacock, and parts of this bird are 
frequently borne in Heraldry. P. 34, 

f-5- . . . 
Peacock in his pride. P. 34, f. 4 ; and 

Peacock close, f. 5. 

The Peacock is used in ecclesiastical decora- 
tion, and symbolises power and omniscience. 
A Plume, or Panache of Peacock's feathers. 
P. 43, f. 42. 

Pea-Rise. A pea stalked with leaves 

and flowers. 
Pea-cod, or Pea-pod pendant. P. 44, 

Peal, or Peel. A tool used by bakers 
for drawing bread out of the oven. 
P. 41, f. 12. 

A peal in pale, thereon tliree cakes, borne 
by the name of Pister. An oval-i)eel is 
borne by the name of Kill. 

Pean. One of the furs, the ground of 
which is black, powdered with ermine 
spots of gold. P. I. 

Pear. Always borne as P. 44, f. 56, 
unless blazoned reversed, or other 
position, a Pear slipped, i.d. 

Pear Tree fructed. P. 45, f. 39. 

Pearched, or Pearching. See Perched. 

Pearl. In Heraldry is used to express 

Pecys. An old term meaning quarters. 

Peded. a term to express the fett 
of aquatic birds w4ien of a different 
tincture to the body. 

Pedistal. The compartment, or carved 
ornament, upon which supporters 
stand. P. ig, f. 21 ; P. 31, f. 11. 

Pedigree. A register of a line of an- 
cestors, e.g. See below. 
For a,bbreiations used in Pedigrees vid 
term Genealogy. 

Pedigree of Athow, of Brislev, Co. Norfolk. 

Arms. Sable a chevron beticeen three carpenters' squares argent. 

Thomas Athow, of Brisley, co. Norfolk ^-_ Audrey, da. & cohr. of Eobert Curson, of Letheronsett 

CO. Norfolk. 
Arms. Erm. a bend compony ar. & sa. 

Thomas Athow, of Brisley, ob. 6. Edw. IV. -= 

John Athow, of Brisley. ^^ Anna, da. of ... Gogney, of Brisley, ob. wid. l.".3G. 

Anns (Quarterly, 1 & 4. | Arms Per Chev. invecked or. & gu. three lions heads erased, 

Athow, 2 & 3. Curson. I counterchanged. 

-Christopher Athow, of Brisley^^ Joan, da. and hr. of 

... Goldwell, of the 
Isle of Ely. 
Arms, Gu. a chief az. 
ov^r all a lion ramn. erm. 

John, a I'riest. Thomas, a Priest. 

Christopher Athow, of B.isley. :-^ Dorothy, da. of Thomas Jennyson. 

Arms, Az. a bend wavy, or betw. two swans jjpr. 






of Brisley. 

2nd wife 
Joan, da. of 


of Herapton 


Arms Per-pale 


or & az. 

__ Elizabeth, 
da. of 

of East 


CO. Norfolk. 


Vert, six 


3, 2, & l,ar, 

Thomas Athow, __ Ann, 



Christopher = 


da. and 

cohr. of 

Hall, of 




Az. achev. 





Thomas, Dorothy^ Adam 

2nd son. 

3rd son. 


of Norwich. 


Ar. a 

teart wu., 

a chief 


da. and 
heir of 


E. Winch, 

CO. Nor. 


Ar. on a 



gu. three 

pairs of 

wings in 

lure of 

the first. 

Bar sham 



CO. Nor. 



ar. & gn. 

a Chief 


Joan Audrey 
mar. mar. 
Robert Richard 



Gu. two 




CO. Nor. 

ob. s.p. 

ob. coel. 
j j j I Thomas 

John. Mary 

son Clement 

and Anne 

I I I I I I 

John =- Cicely. Frances- ;= William Elizabeth 

Christopher, heir Gregory 



1. Athow. 

2. Cur son. 

3. Goldwell, 

4. Hall. 


ob. s p. 

da of 
Sir John 


Az. a chev. 
boars' heads 
couped or. 


ar. & gu. 


ob. s.p. 


Christopher Athow. 
Arms, Quarterly. 

1 . Athow. 

2. Curson. 

3. Goldwell. 

4. Wingfield. 

Penelope, da. of Sir William de Grey, 1639. 
Arms, Barry of six, ar. & az., in chief, 
three annulets gu. 


William ^= Dinah, da. of Thomas : 
Athow, Bishop of Barton Bendish, 
ob. s.p. CO. Nor. bur. at 

1st husband. Crimplesham, 

27 Ap., 1743. 

: Thomas Cecily 
Vincent, mar. 

of Crimplesham, Thomas 

bur. there A damson, 

Ifi June, of Wereham, 
1735, 2nd co. IN or. 



of London. 





Peer. A Nobleman who has a seat 
and vote in the House of Lords ; and, 
although the Peers differ in order of 
precedence, yet as Peers of the Realm 
they are equal in all political privi- 

Peer's Robe. See Robe. 

Peg, or Wedge. As borne by the name 
of Peg. P. 41, f. 42. 

Peg. As borne in the badge of Law- 
rence. P. 43, f. 15. 

Peg-top. P. 42, f. 29. 

Pegasus. A winged-horse. P. 27, f. 
41. The Emblem of Fame. 

Pelican. P. 33, f. 37. 

The Heraldic Pelican is represented witli 
her wings endorsed, if not mentioned to the 
contrary, her neck embowed, pecking her 
breast, from whence issue drops of blood; 
and in blazon is termed vulned, or vulning. 
When depicted in her nest is termed in her 
piety, f. 38. The Emblem of Charity. 

Pellet, or Ogresse. Roundle-sable. 
P. I. Also termed Gunstones. 

Pellettee, Pelletty, or Pelletye. 
Strewed with Pellets, also termed 
Semee of Pellets. 

Pen. a quill pen, borne by Aldridge. 
P. 36, f. 29. 

Pencel, Pencell, or Pensell. A small 
streamer or pennon. 

Pendal, Pandall, or Spindle Cross. P. 
ii,f. 43. 

Pendant. A term applied to anything 
hanging down, as the badge of any 
order pendant to the collar or ribbon. 
P. 24, f. 7, 18, 28, etc. 

Pendant. A small Standard. 

Penguin. A web-footed marine bird. 

P. 34, i- 35- 
Pennant. A long narrow banner with 

the Cross of St. George in the head. 

P. 46, f. 17. 

The Broad Pennant is a swallow-tailed flag. 
Penned. See Quilled. 

PeNner and Ink-Horn. A case for 

holding pens and ink. P. 41, f. 17 

and 18. 
Penon, or Pennon. A Lance Flag, 

ending in one or more sharp points. 

P. 46, f. 12, 14, 17, and 22. 
Pennoncles, Pennoncelle, or Pencils. 

Small streamers or flags. P. 46, f. 15. 
Penny-yard-pence. A small coin, 

stamped with a cross ir.oline betw. 

twelve balls. P. 42, f. 29. 
Pens. Such as are used to write with. 

P. 36, f. 29. 
Pensile. See Pennoncles. 
PENTAGON, also termed the Mystic 

Pentagon. A star of five points 

composed of five A's interlaced with 

the word Salus inscribed at its angles. 

P. 42, f. 30. 

The Pentagon the symbol of health. 
Pepingoe. See Popingay. 
Per Close. A Demi Garter. P. 42, 

f. 18. 
Per. Denotes a partition of the field 

or charge, as Per-Bend,Per-Chevron, 

Per-Fesse, Per-Pale, etc. P. 2, f. i 

to 10 and 49 and 50. 
Percee. Same as Cleeche. 
Perch, or rest for Falcon, P. 43, f. 18. 
Perch. A fish. P. 32, f. 31. 
Perched, or Perching, said of a bird 

when in a sitting position upon a 

branch, or other thing. P. 33, f. ig- 
Perclose, or Per-Close. A Demi 

Garter. P. 42, f. 18. 
Perculaced. The same as latticed. 
Percussant, or Percussed. A term 

applied to the tail of an animal when 

lying on the back or side. P. 28, 

f. 32. 
Perflewed, Purfled, or Purflewed. 

See Purfled. 
Perforated. The same as pierced. 

P. 16, f. 16. 
Peri, or Pery. Perished. Term used 

to denote that the thing to which it 

is applied is deficient in some of its 

Periwinkles, or Welks (shells). P. 32, 

f- 54- 

Perpendiculum. An angle and plumb- 
line. P. 41, f. 40. 

Perspective. Used to express division 
lines as barry-paly in prospect or 
perspective. P. 22. f. 39. 

Persia. Badges of the Lion and Sun. 
P. 25a, f. 7. 

Pertransient. Passing through. 

Peruke. P. 40, f. 47. 

Pestle and Mortar. P. 41, f. 50. 

Petasus, or Mercurys cap. P. 38, 

Petronel. An ancient name for a 
pistol. P. 37, f. 9. 

Pewit. A bird. P. 33, f. 55. 

Pheon. The barbed head of a dart, or 
an arrow, frequently borne in Coats 
of Arms, depicted in various ways, 
but if not differently described is al- 
ways represented as P. 37, f. 15. 
A Pheon engrailed on outer edges, f. IG. 
A Pheon mounted on a staff, and feathered 
als), blazoned an arrow Pheoned. f. 14. 
A Pheon per pale. P. 14, f. 40. 

Phcenix. An imaginary bird, always 
represented issuing from flames. 






P. 33, f. 25. 

Emblematic of the resurrection. 
Pheasant. A bird of game 

f. 46. 
Phyal, Phial, or Vial. A small glass 

bottle. P. 41, f. 59. 
Physicians Cap. See Cap. 
Pic. See Pick-axe. 
Pick-axe. P. 41, f. 30. 
PicoTE. Speckled. 
Pie. See Sea-Pie. 
Piddle, or Danpiddle. A Kite, borne 

by the name of Piddle. See Kite. 

P- 33' f- 60. 

Piedmont Silk, a Bale of. P. 40, f. 21. 

Pied. Spotted. A bull pied, borne by 

Pierced. When any ordinary or charge 
is perforated, the piercing is always 
understood to be circular, unless 
otherwise described. P. 8, f. 31. 
Quarter pierced. P. 7, f. 16. Square 
pierced. P. 8, f. 44. Lozenge pierced. 
P. 10, f. 2. The term Pierced is also 
applied to animals when wounded 
with an arrow, spear, etc. 
Examples of a chevron pierced. See P. 16, 
f. lo, 16 and 17. 

Piercer. See Wine Piercer. 

Piety. A Pelican in her piety. P. 33, 
f. 38. 

Pigeon. A bird. P. 34, i. 39. 

PiGNON. The same as per-chev., em- 

PiGNONNK. Turreted. 

Pike, or Luce. A fish. 

Pike-demi. f. 7. 

Pike-staff, or Staves, 

Pilchard. A fish. P. 

Pile. See Roman-pilum. 

Pile, or Pyle. One of the ordinaries. 
P. 6, f. I. 

Between, f. 17, 18 and 35. 

Charged with another, f. 12. 

CoTiSED. f. 13. 

- Counterchanged. f. 32 and 36. 
Cross pattee at point, f. 24. 

Embattled, f. 6. 

Embowed. f. 15. 

Engrailed, f. 35. 

Pitched, f. 7. 

Flanched. f. g. 

Floried. f. 26. 

Fleur-de-lis at point, f. 25. 

Goaree. f. 8. 

Indented, f. 4. 

In Point Bendwise. f. n. 

Issuing, f. 3, 13, 19 and 27. 

On a. f. 34 and 35. 

Pierced, f. ii. 

P. 32, f. 6. 

P. 42, f. 43. 

32, f- 37- 

f. 30. 

Pile Reversed, f. 2 and 28. 
Pile Reversed Indented, f. 5. 

Surmounted, f. 22 and 33. 

and Saltire counterchanged. f. 36. 

Square, f. 40. 

Tetragonell. f. 40. 

Transposed, f. 2. 

Transposed between two reversed, 
f. 18. 

Traverse, f. 38. 

Triangular, f. 41. 

Triple-pointed, f. 10. 

Triple, f. 26. 

Wavy. f. 20 and 23. 

Wavy Pitched, f. 42. 

within a bordure. f. 37. 
Piles, Two. f. 14, 15 and 28. 
Piles, Three, f. 16, 17, 18 and 27. 
Piles, Five. f. 29. 
Piles traversed barwise. 
Pile-per and Chevron, f. 43. 
PiLE-PER and Fesse, or Per-Bar and 

Pile. P. 2, f. 10. 
Pii.E-PER reversed. P. 6, f. 44. 
PiLE-PER transposed. P. 6, f. 45. 
PiLY-BARRY, or Pily Traverse. P. 6, 

f. 31. 
Pily counter pilv of seven traits. P. 6, 

f. 24. 
Pily of eight, i.d. 
Pily-paly. i.d. f. 39. A division of 

the field in the form of piles, reaching 

from the top to the bottom. 
Pilgrims' staff. See Palmer's staff. 
Pillar. The same as Column. P. 43, 

f- 50. 

Pillow, Cushion, or Oreilliers. P. 40, 
f. 24. Is a cushion with tassels. 
The Norman Cushions were called Carreaux, 
from their square or diamond shape, as you 
see them placed under the heads of the 
recumbent effij^ies of the twelvth and thir- 
teenth centuries. 

Pincers. A tool. P. 41, f. i. 

Pine-Apple, or Ananas. P. 44, f. 56. 

Pine-Branch. P. 44, f. 47. 

Pine-cone. P. 44, f. 54. 

Pine Tree. P. 22, f. 10. 

Pinioned. Refers to the quill of a wing 
when of a different tincture from the 
feathers. P. 25, f. 23. 

Pink, slipped and leaved. P. 44, f. 20. 

Pinnace. In Heraldry, an open boat 
with oars. 

Pinzon. a finch, or chaffinch. P 

i- 54- 
Pipe. A musical instrument. P. 

f. 21, No. 2. 

Pismire. See Ant. 

Pistol. P. 37, f. 9. 

Pitcher. Same as Ewer. P. 42, f. 27. 

f. 31, 





Pitchfork. P. 39, f. 14. No. 3. 
Pitch-pot. See Beacon. 
PiTHON. A winged serpent. 
Placcate. a piece of armour worn 

over the breast-plate to strengthen it. 
Placque. An Herald's Tabard. 
Plaice. A fish. P. 32, f, 20. 
Plain. An ordinary is sometimes (al- 
though not necessarily) blazoned 

plain, when charged with another) 

Plain Point. P. 21, f. 5. 
Plaisse, or Plaissa. See Palisse. 
Plaited. Fretted or interlaced. 
Plane. A Joiner's tool. P. 41, f. 36. 
Planet. The Astronomical symbol of 

Mars, Uranus and Venus, are borne 

by the families of Wimble, Herschel 

and Thoyts. P. 23, f. 45. 
Planets. Used by some heralds to 

blazon the arms of Kings. See P. i. 
Plants. In great variety are found in 

coat armour, e.g. Cyanus, Fern, To- 
bacco, etc. P. 44. 
Planta-genista, or broom, sprig, and 

flower. P. 25, f. 6 and 9. 
Plasterers' hammer. P. 41, f. 26. 
Plate. A round, flat piece of silver. 

P. I. 
Plattee. Strewed Avith Plates. Same 

as semee of plates. 
Platted, or Plaited. Interlaced, or 

Playing Tables. P. 42, f. 32. Also 

termed Back-gammon tables. 
Playing top. P. 42, f. 29. 
Plenitude. This term is applied to 

the moon when in her complement. 

P- 23, f. 37. 
Plie. The same as close applied to 

birds with the wings close to the body. 
Plough. P. 39, f. 7. 
Plough-paddle. P. 39, f. 8. 
Plough-share, or Coulter. P. 39, f. 10. 
Ploye. Bowed or bent, sometimes 

applied to a serpent when nowed. 
Plover. P. 34, f. 49. 
Plumb-Rule, and Plumb-Rule reversed. 

See Plummet. P. 41, f. 38. 
Plumbers' cutting knife. P. 41, f. 19. 
Plumbers' Triangular solderingiron. i.d 
Plumby. Same as purple. 
Plume of Ostrich Feathers. P. 43, 

f. 38. 

A Plume of Feathers consists of three. If 

more, it must be expressed as a plume of 
such a number. The plume of five feathers 
is also termed a bush of feathers. Some- 
times one plume is placed above another, it 
is then termed either a double plume, or a 
plume of two heights. If conii^osed of thrco 

rows, one above the oth^r, it is termed a 
triple plume, or a plume of thi-oe heights, 
and sliould V)e composed of twelve feathers, 
of v.'hich fivo are plaeed in the bottom row, 
four in the next, and three in the top row. 
If the (juills are of a different tincture from 
the feathers the tincture must be named, 
a.uil the feather is termed either quilled, 
penned, or shafted. P. 25, f. 22 and 23. See 
also P. 43, f. 3S, 39 and 40. The Badge of 
the Prince of Wales consists of a plume cf 
ostrich feathers ar. quilled or., entiled with 
a prince's coronet of the last, with nnescroll 
az , thereon the words " Ich Dien " in gold. 
I'. 6, f. 21. See Panache. 

Plumed. Feathered. 

Plumetty. When the field is divided 
into fusils, filled with the ends of 
feathers, and depicted in metal and 
colour, alternately. The proper blazon 
of which, says Edmondson, is fusily 
or. and gu., diapered with feathers 

Pluming, or Pruning. Applied to birds 
when dressing their feathers. An 
eagle pluming, borne by the name of 

Plummet. An instrument used by 
masons, etc. P. 41, f. 38. 

Pod, or Cod. The case of seeds. P. 44, 
f. 59. 

Poesy. A motto. 

Poignard. a short sword. 

Point, Base, Baste, or Base-Bar. Is 
the base of the shield cut off by a 
horizontal line, and blazoned a Plain 
Point. P. 21, f. 5. 

The Point may be of any of the accidental 
forms of lines, as a Point wavy, borne by 
the name of Hawkins, f. 43. 
When borno Pointed it should be so ex- 
pressed, as a Point Pointed, f. 2. It miiy 
be on either side of the escutcheon, and is 
then termed a Point dexter, or sinister. 

Point Based, f. 24. 

Point Ch.ampaine, Champion, or a 
Base-ciiausse. f. 6. 

Point Convexed. f. ig. 

Point Dexter, or a Point Dexter-parted, 
f. I. 

Point Escartelled. f. 17. 

A plain Point with a square piece cut out, 
or notched in the centre of the up} cr line. 
A Point wath one embattlement diffeis from 
the last in having a } rojection of a square 
form instead of an indenture, f. 18. 

Point in Point. Also termed a Graft 

and Gusset, f. 4. 
Point pointed fleury. f. 16. 
Point pointed Invecked. f. 9. 
PoiNTpointedon the top apommel. f. 14. 
Point pointed Removed, f. 8. 
Point pointed Reversed, f. 3. 
Point pointed reversed bottony at end. 
I. 15. 


103 POU 

Point shapourne. Same as Point 

Point sinister and dexter base indented. 

P. 21, f. 20. 
Points four, or Lozengy in Point, f. 


Points four, Pointed and Nowy on tlie 

top in pale. f. 22. 

For other examples see P. 21. 

Points,' three, four, or five. Tiie 
Ancient blazon of the field, divided 
into as many parts, but each part 
must be of a distinct colour. 

Point in point, A term applied to 
indentings, when extending from one 
side of the ordinary to the other, as a 
Fesse per fesse indented point in 
point. P. 3, f. 26. 

Point. A tool used by wire- drawers. 
P. 41, f. 4, and P. 42, f. 33. 

PoiNTE. A term for leaved. 

Pointed. Same as fitched. P. g, f. 

Pointer. See Dog. 

Points. The rays or points of a star, 
. or mullet, etc. 

Points of the Escutcheon. The different 
parts of the shield denoting the 
position of the charges. Explained 
on P. I. 

PoiNTZ DE SIX. As ung escu de six 

' pointz, the same as paly of three 
parted per fesse. P, 14, f. 30. 

PoissoN. See Marined. 

Poix, guttee de. Black drops. P. i. 

PoLE-AXE. P. 37, f. 27. 

Polecat. P. 30, f. 17. 

PoLE-sTAK. The same as Estoile. 
P. 23, f. 42. 

PoLEYNS, or Genouillieres. Steel Knee- 
pieces. P. 39, f. 20, No. 6. 

PoMEE, Pommettee, Pommellee. or 
Pommy. When the extremities 
terminate in knobs. - See Cross 
Pomettee. P. 10, f. 28. 

PoMEis. Green roundles. P. i. 

Pomegranate. Always represented as 

P. 44. f- 57. 
Pom EL, or Pommel. The round knob 

at the extremity of the handle of a 

sword. See Sword. 

PoMELT and Hyltte anoAvyd, An old 

term for pommel and hilt gold. 

POMELLED Cross. P. lO, f. 28. 

PoMETTE, or Nowed. Having circular 
projections in the middle of each arm 
on a cross. P. 7, f. 43. 

PoMEY, or Pome. A roundle vert. P. i. 

Pope's Crown, Papal Crown, Tiara, or 
Triple Crown. P. 40, f. 59. 

Popinjay. A small green parrot, with 
red beak and legs. See Parrot, and 

P- 34, f- 57- 
Poplar Tree. P. 45, f. 47. 

PopPY-BOLE. P. 45, f. 12. 

Porcupine. A rodent quadruped, 

f.irnished with spines. P. 27, f. 55. 
PoRTANTE, or Portratc. See Portate. 
PoRTATS, A cross so called, from its 

position being saltierways. P. 8, 

Port, or Portal. Tlie door or gate of 

a castle. P. 23, f. 13. 
Portcullis, or Herse. A machine 

composed of cross bars. P. 37, f. 37. 

It wa'^ hung by chains before the crates of 

fortified places, and its perpaniiciilar bars 

were si^ikcd at the bottom, the chains by 

which it hung are usually attached. 
Portcullis. The title of one of the 

Pursuivants of Arms. 
Portcullised. p. 22, f. 38. 
Porthole. Same as Loop-hole. 
Portugal-Laurel. P, 45, f. 20. 
Portuguese Badge of the Tower and 

Sword. P. 25a, f. 8. 
Poss, or Posed. Sim:; as Statant. 
Posed. ' As three fish interchangeably 

posed. P. 32, f. 25. 
Possenet. See Water-bouget. 
PoT-iNFLAMED. Sain3 as Fire-chest. 

P. 37, f. 3. 
Pot. Also termed Porridge Pot. A 

vessel with three feet. P. 41, f. 16. 
Pot. a term sometimes applied to a 

Potence. Same as Potent. 
Potency counter-potency, or Potency 

in point. The same as potent counter 

potent. P. 3, f. 7. 
Potent counter-potent. P. i, and P. 5, 

f. 16. 
Potent. Resembles the head of a 

crutch. P. I. 
Potent-Cross, or Cross Potent. P. 11, 

Potent. Repotent in four points, P, 

II, f. 14. 

PoTENTED or Potentce. Applied to 
ordinaries when the outer edges are 
formed into potents. P. 5, f. 15 ; P. 
17, f. 35, and 36. 

Pouch. A Purse. As P. 40, f. 38. 

PoULDRON. The name of that part of 
a suit of armour which covers the 

Pounce. A perforated sketch used by 
Herald Painters by means of which 
the drawing is transferred unto a 
panel, silk, or other material. 

Pounce. The talon of a bird of prey. 

P ou 



Pouncing. See Preying. 

Pounders. The tufts of Erminites so 

Pour enquirir. See Armes pour en- 

Powdered. Same as Semee. 
PowDER-HoRN, or Powder-Flask. P. 

40, f. 42. 
PowDYRDYE. Same as powdered, or 

PowTS, or Tadpoles. Young frogs. 
PoYNT. An old term for per-cheveron. 
Ppr., or ppr. A contraction of proper. 
Prancing. Same as rearing, applied 

to the horse. P. 27, f. 26. 
Prasin. a term used by some heralds 

for vert, or green. 
Prawn. See Shrimp. P. 32, f. 40a. 
Praying. An angel in the act of pray- 
ing. P. 36, f. 55. 
Precedence. The taking place accord- 
ing to the degree, rank, or station in 

The Order of Precedency. 

The Sovereign. 

The Prince of Wales, 

The Queen's younger Sons. 

Grandsons of the Sovereign. 

The Archbishop of Canterbury, 

The Lord High Chancellor. 

The Archbishop of York. 

The Lord President of the Council. 

The Lord Privy Seal. 

The Lord Great Chamberlain. 

The Earl Marshal. 

The Lord Steward of Her Majesty's Household. 

The Lord Chamberlain. 

The last four rank above all Peers of 

their own degree. 

Dukes, according to their Patents of Creation. 

1. Of England. 2. Of Scotland. 3. Of Great 

Britain. 4. Of Ireland. 

5. Those created since the Union. 

Marquises according to their Patents, 

in the same order as Dukes. 

Dukes' eldest Sons. 

Earls, according to their Patents, 

in the game order as Dukes. 

Marquises' eldest Sons. 

Dukes' younger Sons. 

Viscounts, according to their Patents, 

in the same order as Dukes. 

Earls' eldest Sons. 

Marquises' younger Sons. 

Bishops of London, Durham, and Winchester. 

All other English Bishops, according to 

their seniority of Consecration. 

Bishops of the Irish Church, created before 

18G9, accoi'ding to seniority. 

Secretaries of State, if of the degree of a Baron. 

Barons, according to their Patents, 

in the same order as Dukes. 
Speaker of the House of Commons. 

Treasurer of H.M.'s Household. 

Comptroller of H.M.'s Household. 

Master of the Horse. 

Vice-Chamberlain of Household. 

Secretaries of State under the degree of Barons. 

Viscounts' eldest Sons. 

Eai'ls' younger Sons. 

Barons' eldest Sons. 

Knights of the Garter. 

Privy Councillors. 

Chancellor of the Exchequer. 

Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster. 

Lord Chief Justice Queen's Bench. 

Master of the Rolls. 

The Lords Justices of Appeal. 

Lords of Appeal. 

Judges according to seniority. 

Viscounts' younger Sons. 

Barons' younger Sons. 

Baronets of England, Scotland, Ireland, and 

United Kingdom, according to date of Patents. 

Knights of the Thistle. 

Knights of St. Patrick. 

Knights Grand Cross of the Bath. 

Knights Grand Commanders of the 

Star of India. 
Knights Grand Cross of St. Michael 

and St. George. 
Knights Grand Commanders of the 

Indian Empire. 

Knights Commanders of the Bath. 

Knights Commanders of the Star of India. 

Knights Commanders of St Michael 

and St. George. 

Knights Commanders of the Indian Empire. 

Knights Bachelors. 

Judges of County Courts. 

Companions of the Bath. 

Companions of the Star of India. 

Companions of St. Michael and St. George. 

Companions of the Indian Empire. 

Companions of the Distinguished Service Order 

Eldest Sons of the younger Sons of Peers. 

Baronets' eldest Sons. 

Eldest Sons of Knights : 1. Garter. 

2. Thistle. 3. St. Patrick. 4. The Bath. 

5. Star of India. 6. St. Michael & St. George. 

7. Indian Empire. 8. Knights Bachelors. 

Younger Sons of the younger Sons of Peers. 

Baronets' younger Sons. 

Younger Sons of Knights in the same 

order as eldest Sons. 


Persons holding the Queen's commission in 

Civil, Naval, or Military capacity. 

Members of the Royal Academy of Arts. 


Masters of Arts and Bachelors of Law. 
Gentlemen entitled to bear arms. 
Women take the same rank as their hus- 
bands, or as their brothers ; but the daughter 
of a peer marrying a Commoner retains her 
Title as Lady or Honourable. Daughters of 
Peers rank next immediately after the wives 
of their elder brothers, and before their younger 
brothers' wives. Daughters of Peers marrying 
Peers of lower degree take the same order of 
precedency as that of their husbands ; thus the 
daughter of a Duke marrying a Baron degrades 
to the rank of Baroness only, while her sisters 
married to commoners retain their rank and 
take precedence of the Baroness. Merely official 
rank on the husband's part does not give any 
similar precedence to the wife. 




Local Precedency. Ko written code of 

county or city order of precedence has been 

J romnl-jated. but naturally in the county the 

Lord-LFeutenant stands first, and secondly the 

High sheriff. In London and other Corporations 

thtT Mayor stands first, after him the Sheriffs, 

Aldermen. Chief Officers, and Livery. At 

Oxford and Cambridge the High sheriff takes 

precedence of the Vice-Chancellor. 

Precious Stones. It was formerly the 

practice of some heralds to blazon 

the arms of the Nobility by gems, 

instead of metals and colours, and 

arms thus blazoned are to be met 

with in old records. See Explanation 

at Plate i. 

Preene. An instrument used by 

clothiers. P. 40, f. g. 
Premier. Fr. for first. Used by English 
Heralds to denote the holder of the 
most ancient hereditary title in each 
degree of Nobility. 
Prester John, or Presbyter John, de- 
picted as P. 35, f. 4. 
Pretence. See Escutcheon of Pre- 
Preyant. See Preying. 
Preying. When any beast or bird is 
standing on its prey in the act of 
tearing or devouring it. It is some- 
times blazoned ''Seizing;' and when 
applied to birds " Trussing^ P. 33, 

f. 12. 
Prick, or Pryck-spur. A spur with a 

single point. P. 37, f- 47 ; and P. 39, 

f. 20, No. 7. , . , . 
Prickett. a buck m his second year, 

the points of whose horns are just 

appearing, borne by the name of 

Pride, In his. Said of the Peacock 

with his tail extended. P. 34, f. 4. 

Also of the Turkey-Cock. P. 34, f. 3- 
Prime. An instrument used by Basket 

Makers, and tome in theij armorial 

ensigns. P. 22, f. 28. 
Primrose. An ancient term for tlie 

quaterfoil. P. 4I-' f- 16. 
Primrose-Natural, stalked and leaved. 

P. 45, f- 9- 

Prince. A title of honour, properly 

belonging to sovereigns or their sons, 
and anciently given even to Dukes. 

Prince's Coronets. P. 24, f. 2 and 3. 

Princess. A title of honour belonging 
to a lady next in rank to a queen. 
The Daughter of a Sovereign, and 
Sovereigns son"s wives are Princesses. 

Princess' Coronet. P. 24, f. 4. 

Prior's-staff. p. 42, f- 45- 

Prisoner's Bolt. See Manacles and 

P. \2, f. 39. 

Proboscis. The trunk of an elephant. 

P. 29, f. 50. 
Promening. Same as pluming. 
Proper. A term applied to everything 

when borne of its natural form and 

Prospect. See Barry paly in Prospect. 

P. 22, f. 39. 
Proyning and Pruming. The same as 

Pruning-hook or Pruning-knife. P. 

41, f. 22. 
Prussian Crown. P. 25a, f. 13. 
Puffed. See Slashed. 
Punja. p. 39, f. 42. No. 3. 
Punning Arms. See Aarm Parlantes. 
PuRFLE, or Purflew. Is the embroidery 

of a bordure of fur, shaped exactly 

like vair. When of one row, it is 

termed Purflewed. When of two 

counter-purflewed, and when of three, 

vair. P. I. 
PuRFLED, trimmed, or garnished. A 

term for the studs and rims of armour 

being gold. 
PuRPURE. Purple, expressed in en- 
graving by diagonal lines, from left 

to right. P. I. 
Purse. P. 36, f. 7. 
Purse of State. P. 40, f. 37. 
Purse, stringed and tasselled. i.d. f. 38. 
Pursuivant of Arms. An officer 

lowest in degree in the College of 

Pycche. An old term for fitched. 
Pye. See Sea-Pie. 
Pyle. See Pile. 
Pynant and Sayland. The old term 

for pommel and cross of a sword. 
Pyot. a magpie. P. 34, f. 40- 
Pyramid. An edifice in shape as. P. 

43, f. 60. 
Pvkamidways. Of a pyramid form, or 

rising like a pyramid. 
Python. A winged serpent, or dragon 


Quadrangular. Four cornered, or 

square. A Quadrangular, or square 

castle. P. 23, f. 6. 

Ouadrans, a quarter. P. 19, i- 34- 

Quadrant. An instrument for taking 

the altitudes of the sun and stars. 

P. 38, f. 47- , -u -\ 

Quadrant fer-de-molme. A miU-nnd 

with a square centre. 


1 06 


Quadrate. Square. As a Cross Quadrat 

in the centre. P. 11, f. 13. 
Quadrature In. When four charges 
are placed at the angles of an imagin- 
ary square, generally blazoned, two 
and two. 
Quarter. An ordinary, containing 
^ one fourth of the shield. P. ig, f. 34. 
Quarter Franc. A Plain Quarter. 
Quarter Sinister. P. ig, f. 35. 
Quarter-angled. Same as quadrat. 
'" See Cross. P. 11, f. 13. 
Quarter Pierced. See Quarterly 

Quarter-pointed, or Quarter Per 
" saltier. Also termed a squire, or 

point removed. P. 21, f. 25. 
Quarter-staff. A long straight pole. 
Quartered. When the shield is divided 
into four equal parts. P. i. Some- 
times applied to the cross when 
voided in the centre. P. 7, f. 16. 
Quartering. The regular arrange- 
'~ ment of various coats in one shield. 
Quarterings. The arms of different 
~ families arranged in one shield to 
shew the connection of one family 
with another ; and the representation 
of several families by combining their 
respective bearings according to 
priority of accession. 
Quarterings Grand. See Marshalling. 
Quarterly. The field or charge di- 
vided into four equal parts. P. 2, f. 
g, and P. 2g, f. 7. 
Quarterly-quartered. A cross quar- 
^ terly quartered. P. 22, f. 22. 
Quarterly quartered, or grand-quart- 

ters. See Marshalling. 
Quarterly, Quarter-pierced, or quarter 
voided. Perforated in a square form. 
A cross quarter-pierced. P. 7, f. 16. 
A cross moline quarter-pierced. P. 
10, f. 3. 
Quarterly in Saltire. The same as 

per-saltier. P. 2, f. 5. 
Quartier-Franc. a plain quarter. 
QuATERFOiL, or Quatrcfoil. Four- 
leaved grass. P. 44, f. 16; P. II, f. 


The Quaterfoil was an imitation of the 
piiuirose, which being one of the first flowers 
of the spring, was considered as the har- 
binger of revivified nature, and was adopted 
by the church architects to signify, enible- 
uiaticaljy, that the gospel, the harbinger of 
. peace and immortality, was there preached. 
The Trefoil was the emblem of the 'I'rinity. 

Quaterfoil slipped. P. 44, f. 16. 

No. 2, and 3. 

QU.A.TERF01L double. The same as 

Caterfoil. P. 44. f. 13, and 18. 
QuARTYLLE. Same as quarterly. 
QuATREFEUiLLE. A Quaterfoil. 
Qu.\TREFOiL, or Quaterfoil. P. 11, f. 17. 
OuATUFORFOLiA. Same as Quaterfoil. 
Queen. A Queen regnant is the only 
female who is entitled to bear her 
arms in a shield with helmet, crest, 
lambrequin, motto, and the order of 
Queue Ermine. An ermine spot. 
Queue, Queve, orQuevye. See Queued. 
Queue-forchee, or fourche. Same as 

tail forked. P. 26, f. 3. 
Oufued. a term for the tail of an 

Queued Inflected. When the tail comes 

betv/een the legs. P. 26, f. 45. 
Queve, or Queued Renowned. Having 
the tail elevated over the head. P. 
31, f. 26. 
Quill, or Wheel-Quill of Yarn. P. 40, 

Quill empty. P. 40, f. g. 
Quill of Yarn. P. 40, f. 4. 
Quill of Gold, or Silver thread. See 

Trundle. P. 40, f. 4, 
Quill Pen. P. 36, f. 2g. 
Quilled Penned, or Shafted. Applied 
to the quill of a feather when borne 
of a different tincture from the fea- 
ther itself. P. 25, f. 23. 
Quince. A sort of apple. P. 44, f. ^y. 
Quintain. A plank about six feet high, 
fixed firmly in the earth. At this, 
men on horseback tilt with poles. 

P. 37, f 58. 

Quintal. See Quintin. 

Quinterfoil. The same as Cinquefoil. 

QuiNTEFUEiL, or Quintefcuille. The 
same as Cinquefoil. 

Quintin, or Quintal. An upright pole 
with a cross beam on tlie top, which 
works on a pivot. At one end cf the 
cross beam is a shield painted witii 
rings, and at the other end is a log of 
wood, suspended b}^ a stout chain. 
Men on horseback tilted at the sliield, 
and unless they passed very quickly 
were struck by the log as the beam 
revolved. P. 37, f. S9- 

QuiNTiSE. A covering for the helmet, 
supposed to be the origin of the 
mantling. P. 25a, f. g. 

QuiNYSANS. Sea Cognisance. 
QuiSE, A LA. See A-la-quise. 
Quiver of Arrows. A case filled with 
arrows. P. 37, f. 13. 





R. A text X^ is borne in several coats. 
See Letters. 

Rabbit, or Coney. P. 29, f. ig. 

Raccourcy, or Recourcie. The same 
as Coupee, or Couped, 

Rack-Pole-Beacon. P. 37, f. 2. 

Radiant, or Rayonne. Any ordinary 
edged with beams Hke those of the 
sun. See Fesse-radiant. P. 3, f. 25. 
A Pale-radiant. P. 14, f. 18. 

Radiated, Rayonated, or Rayonee. 
The same as Rayonee, Radiant, 
Rayonnant, and Rayoonne. Terms 
all used to express the same thing, 
viz., Rays, or shining beams issuing 
from an ordinary or charge. P. 7, 
f. 17 ; P. 12, f. 12. 

Radiated Crown. The Eastern Crown. 
P. 24, f. 32. 

Ragged. Same as Raguly. 

Ragged-staff. P. 41, f. 57. 

The bear and ragged staff Badge of the 
Earls of Warwick. P. 29, f. 42. 

Ragulee. Same as Raguly. 

Raguly, or Raguled. P. i. P. 3. f. 18. 
Is when the bearing is uneven or 
ragged, like the trunk or limb of a 
tree lopt of its branches. P. 17, f. 27. 
A Cross Raguly. P. 7, f. 6. 

Raguly-staff, or Staff Raguly. P. 29, 
f. 42 ; P. 41, f. 57. _ 

Rainbov/. A semicircle of various 
colours, arising from clouds. P. 16, 
f. 21 ; P. 39, f. 6. 

Raioxee. Same as Radiant. 

Rake, or Tillage-rake. Depicted as 
P. 39, f. II. _ 

Rake-head, and Thatch-rake. i.d. f. 12. 

Ram. a male sheep. P. 28, f. 56. 

Ram's head erased, i.d. f. 57. 

Ram's head affrontee^ or Cabossed. i.d. 
f. 58. 

Rame. a term for branched, or attired. 

Rampande. Same as Rampant. 

Rampant. A term to express the Lion, 
Tiger, etc., when in an upright po- 
sition standing on the near hind leg. 
P. 26, f. I, etc. 

Rampant, guardant, and regardant, etc. 
P. 26. 

Rampee, Ramped, or Rompu. Broken. 
P. 16, f. I. 

Ramping. The same as Rampant. 

Rangant. An old term for the bull 
etc., enraged, or furiosant. 

Range. A term signifying many. 
I\Iullets, or other charges, placed in 
bend fesse, cross, etc. 

Rapier. A narrow sword. 

Rapin, or Raping. Applied to ravenous 

animals when feeding, or devouring 

their prey. 
Rased, or Razed. The same as erased, 
Rasee. Erased. 

Rasie. Having rays, or being rayed. 
Rasyd. Same as erased. 
Rat. a fierce and voracious animal, 

borne by several families. P. 30, 

f. 12. 
Ratch-hound, or Beagle. A small 

species of hound. P. 29, f. 26. 
Raven. Also termed a Corbet, and 

Corbie. A bird. P. 33, f. 52. 

The emblem of Divine Providence. 
Ravissant. a term to express the 

posture of a wolf, etc., half raised, 

and just springing forward upon his 

prey. It is also applied to all ravenous 

animals when devouring their prey. 
Rayonnant. Sending forth rays. See 

Radiant and Radiated. P. 14, f. 18. 

Also termed Rayed and Rasie. 
Rayon. A ray. See Rayonne. 
Rayonne, or Raj-onee. Same as Radiant 
Rays. Beams of light. Rays issuing 

from a cloud. P. 23, f. 28. 
Rays issuing from dexter chief point, 

i.d. f. 30. 
Rays Illuminated, or Inflamed, i.d. 

f. 34. 
Razed. Same as erased. 

Razor-bill, or Eligugs. A web-footed 

bird. P. 33, f- 59- 
Reaping-hook, or Sickle. P. 39, f. 13, 

No. 2, 
Rear-mouse. See Rere-mouse. 
Rearing. Applied to a horse v.-hen 

standing, upon the hind legs. P. 27, 

f. 26. 
Rebated. When a part is cut off, as 

a cross rebated. P. 9, f. 32. 
Rebatement. The same as /Abate- 
Rebending. The same as Bowed- 

Rebent. Bowed-embowed, or reflexed. 

Reboundant, or Rebounding. Applied 
to the tail of a lion when turned up, 
with the end inwards. P. 26, f. 37. 

Rebus. In Heraldry, " Non verbis 
rebus loquimur," a device alluding to 
the name of the bearer, as the devidfe 
of Arblaster. Erm. a cross bow 
(arblast) in pale gu. 
Fletcher, az. a chev. betw, three arrows or, 
Martell. gu. three (mavtels) hammers or. 
Svkos. ar. a ehev. betvs-. three sykes i>iJi: 
Yate. ar. three yates sa. 


1 08 


Recercellee, Recercelled, and Recer- 
sile. A cross Cercelee. P. 11, f. 32. 

Reclinant. The tail of a serpent when 
upright, without any waving, is said 
to be recHnant. 

Recopyd, or Recouped. Same as 

Recoupee. Reparted per-fesse. 

Recourcie, Clechee, or Percee. Same 
as a chev. recoursie. P. 15, f. 7. A 
Cross-recourcie. P. 7, f. ig. 

Recourse. Same as Clechee. 

Recroise. Crossed, as a crosslet 
crossed; i.e. a cross-crosslet. P. 8, 
f. 18. 

Recrossed. See Cross double crossed. 
P. 8, f. 22. 

Recrcssettee, or Recrossie. A cross- 
crosslet. P. 8, f, 18. 

Rect, or Right-Angle. Is the angle 
which one straight line makes with 
another straight lire, upon which it 
falls perpendicularly. P. 12, f. 20. 

Recumbent. Same as lodged. 

Recursant. Applied to the eagle, 
shewing the back part. P. 33, f. 16 
and 17. 

Recursant Overture, or Inverted dis- 
played. As an eagle displayed, with 
the back turned towards the beholder. 
P. 33, f. 18. 

Recursant Volant, in pale. As an 
eagle flying upwards, showing the 
back the reverse of f. 17. P. 33. 

Recursant Volant, in fesse, wings 
overture, i.e. flying across the field 
fesseways, showing its back. 

Recursant Volant, in bend, wings 
overture, i.d. f. 16. 

Recursant displayed, wings crossed, 
i.d. f. 18. 

Recurvant. Bowed embowed, or 
curved and recurved. P. 30, f. 34. 

Red Cross. See Royal Red Cross. 

Red, gules. 

Redout. The cross potent rebated. 
P. II, f. 39. 

Reed, Slay, or Slea. An instrument 

used by weavers. P. 42, f. 32. 
Reeds. Long hollow knotted grass. 

P. 4f, f. 48. 
Reel. See Spindle. P. 40, f. 2. 
Reflected, or Reflexed. Curved, or 
turned round, as the chain or line 
from tie collar of a beast, thrown 
over the back. P. 29, f. 15 ; P. 18, 
f. 21. 
Regalla. Ensigns of Royal dignity, 

as Crowns, Sceptres, Mounds, etc. 
Regardande. Same as reguardaut. 

Regardant. Looking back. See Re- 

Reguardant. Looking behind. A Lion 
reguardant. P. 26, f. 10 and 4. An 
Eagle reguardant. P. 33, f. 4. A 
Dove reguardant. P. 31, f. 25. 

Reguardant reversed. Applied to 
serpents when nowed in the form of 
a figure of 8 laid fesseways, the head 
turned under from the sinister, and 
the tail bending upwards. P. 30, 
f. 25. 

Regule. See Raguly. 

Rein-deer. A stag v/ith double 
attires. P. 28, f. 37. 

Rein-deer's head cabosscid. i.d. f. 58. 

Rein-guard. That part of armoiu" 
which guards the lower part of the 

Relief. See Adumbrated. 

Remora, or Fish Odimoliont. The 

In Fo. 103 Bossewell gives the Coat of 
Roscarroche. Vert three scythes artrent. 
For Crest, " the fishe odimoliont haryaut 
(haurient J sable.' 

The dexter supporter to the arms of Baron 
Scarsdale is a female figure, holding in the 
sinister hand a javelin, entwined with a 
Remora, which Burke and Foster in their 
Peerage's describe as a serpent. 

Removed. Shifted from its place as a 
chief removed, or lowered. P. 12, 
f. 31. A chev. removed. P. 15, f. 37. 
If a Fesse, Chevron, Bend, etc, is placed 
higher in the shield than its jiroper place it 
is termed Enhanced. P. 3, f. 6. 

Rempli. When a chief is filled with 
any other tincture, leaving only a 
border round it. P. 12, f. 24. 

Rencontre, or Au-Rencontre. The 
same as Cabossed. See P. 28, f. ^2 
and 58. 

Rending. As two hands rending a 
horse shoe. P. ig, f. 29. 

Renverse, Reversed, or Reverse. 
Turned contrary to its natural po- 
sition. P. 15, f. 43. 

Repassant. The same as Counter- 
passant. P. 26, f. 36. 

Replenished. Stocked with. As a 
quiver filled, or replenished with 
arrows. P. 37, f. 13. 
This term is also used for Semce, or Pow- 
dered. P. 2, f . 38. 

Reposing. See Resting. 

Reptiles. The most common in Coat 
Armour is the snake. The follovving 
are also found : The Asp, Lizard, 
Adder, \'iper. Crocodile, etc. P. 30. 

Rere-mousk. a bat. P. 30, f. 4. 





Resarcelee. a cross is so termed 
when voided and open at each end. 
P. lo, f. lo ; P. II, f. 40. 

Resignant. Apphed to the tail of a 
lion when it is hid. 

Respectant, or Respecting. Applied 
to tame animals, birds, or fish, when 
placed face to face. P. 32, f. 28 ; 
P. 31, f. 27. 

Resplendent. Applied to the sun 
when surrounded with rays of glory. 
P. 23, f. 32. 

Rest, Clarion, or Claricord, P. 43, 
f, 27 and 28. 

A difference of opinion exists as to what 
this charge represents. Some bhizon it a 
horseman's rest, and assprt that it was the 
re?t in which the tilting-spear was fixed. 
Others contend that it was a wind instru- 
ment, and blazon it Clarion, or Claricorde. 
Some consider then to be Sufflues, instru- 
ments which transmit the wind from the 
billows to the organ, while others term them 
brackets or organ rests. See Clarion. 

Rest. See Perch, or Rest for a F'alcon. 
P. 43, f. 18. _ 

Resting, or Reposing. Said of a hind 
or other animal resting a foot upon 
any object, as a lion resting his dexter 
foot upon a book. P. 26, f. 51. 

Restriall. An ancient term for barry- 
paly, and pily. 

Retaille. Cutavv-ay, and an Escutcheon 
is termed Retaille when cut into three 
traits by two lines in bend-sinister. 

Retierce. The field divided into three 
parts fessaways, each of which is 
again divided into three parts pale- 
Vv^ays, making nine equal squares, and 
properly expressed as paly and fesse 
nine. P. 2, f. 19. 

Retorted. Applied to serpents when 
fretted, in the form of a knot. P. 30, 
f. 25. 

Retracted. Cut off. A pale retracted. 
P. 14, f. 24. 

Retranche. a term, signifying that 
the escutcheon is twice cut athwart 
bendways, or doubly cut in bend 
dexter, when it is said to be tranche 
and retranche. 

Reverberant. Same as Relov.ndant. 

Reversed, or Inverted. Contrary to 
each other, or contrary to the usual 
position, as a Leopard's face jessant- 
de-lis reversed. P. 28, f. 6. 

Reversed-endorsed. Turned back to 
back. P. 39, f. 13. 

Reveksie. Reversed or transposed. P. 

15' f- 43- 
Revertant, or Reverted, flexed and 
reiiexed, or bending in the form of an 

S. Reverted also used to express 
anything turned upside down, as an 
arrow, etc., with point upwards. 

Revestu. The same as Vestu. 

Reveyns. An old term for Ravens. 

Reynard. A fox. 

Rhinoceros. A large animal having a 
horn in his front, and a skin full of 
wrinkles, which is so hard that it can 
scarcely be pierced by a sword. P. 
27, f. 51. 

Riband, or Ribbon. A subordinary 
containing the eighth part of the 
bend. The Ribbon applied as a 
difference of the j'ounger sons is of 
very high antiquity. P. 17, f. 4. 

Ribbon. Part of the insignia of an 
order of Knighthood. P. 24, f. 19 ; 
f. 20, 23, and 28 ; P. 25, and 25a. 

Ring. Called a Gem-Ring. P. 37, f. 
Iron-Eing. P. 42, f. 29. See Iron Eing. 

RiNGANT, or Rangant.- An old term 
for the Bull, etc. Enraged. 

Ringdove. A species of pigeon. P. 

34. f- 37- 
Rings-interlaced. See Annulets. 

Rising. A term applied to birds when 
preparing to fly. P. 33, f. 3. 

RizoM. The corn or fruit of the Oat is 
not generally termed the ear, but the 

Roach. A fish. P. 32, f. 30. 

Robe. Sometimes called the Mantle, 
distinguishes the rank of the bearer 
by the number of guards or rows of 
Fur on the dexter side. That of a 
Duke should have four guards of 
ermine, that of a Marquis three and 
half. P. 35, f. 16. An Earl three, 
a Viscount two and half, a Baron 
two. The two last should be plain 

The arms within this mantle are those of 
the Marquess of Qtieensbury, quarterly 1st 
and 4th, ar. a human heart gu. imperially 
crowned ppr. for Douglas ; 2nd and 8rd, az. 
a bend betw. sis cross crosslets fitchee or. 
for Marr, all within a border of the last, 
charged with the douMe tressure 01 Scotland. 

Robe of Estate. P. 40, f. 29. 

Robe of Parliament. P. 40, f. 30. 

Robin, or Robin Redbreast. A pretty 
little bird with a red breast. P. 33, 
f. 44. 

Rock. A stony mass. P. 42, f. 56. 
Emblem of Security. 

Rod of Esculapius. P. 30, f. '^']. 

Roe, or Roebuck. A species of deer. 
P. 15, f. 21. 

Ro.KLE. See Rowel. 

RoELEE. See Gurges. 




Roll of Parchment. P. 36, f. 10. 

Roll, or Row. A wreath. 

Roll of Arms. Heraldic records of 

armorial insignia. 
Roman &. Borne by the name oi And. 
Roman Fasces. P. 43, f. 6. 
Roman Lamp. P. 39, f. 26. No. 2. 
Roman pilum, or pile. A javelin. P. 

37. f- 22. 
Roman soldier. P, 35, f. 27. 
RoMPE, or Rompu. Broken. See chev. 

rompu. P. 16, f. I. 
RoNDEus. See Roundles. 
Roofed. When a building has a roof 

of a different tincture to the other part. 
Rook, or Crow. P- 33,1' . 53. 
Rooks, pieces used in the game of Chess. 

P. 43, f. 49. 
Root. A golden-root. P. 25, f. 24. The 

badge of John Duke of Bedford, 

brother to lien. V. 
Root of a Tree couped and erased. 

The same as a stump or stock couped 

and eradicated. P. 45, f. 57. 
RoPE, a coil of. P. 43, i. 13. A Rope. 

f. 15. 

RoPE-HOOK. P. 40, f. 12. 

RoPE tassel and ring. A Lure is 
sometimes thus blazoned. 

Rose. Is borne depicted naturally, 
and heraldicly. P. 44, f. i and 3. 
The Heraldic Kose is always shewn full 
blov/n, with the pelala, or flower-leaves ex- 
panded, seeded in the middle, and backed 
by five green barbs, or involucra ; this Eose, 
when gules, is never to be called proper, 
whereas the rose borne naturally, is always 
when gules tei'med proper, and is always 
stalked and leaved, and termed a Eose 
siipped. The Heraldic Ro':je may be of any 
tincture, and is said to be barbed and seeded 
of such a colour, which must be expressed, 
unless the seeds are yellow and the barbs 
vert, when it is blazoned a Eose of such a 
colour, seeded and barbed proper. The So?o 
is used as a distinction fcr the seventh son. 
See Distinction of Houses. P. 4G. 

Rose Heraldic P. 44, f. i. 

The Vv^hite Eose the badge of the House of 
York, and the Eed Eose the badge of the 
House of Lancaster. P. 25, f. 2 and 4, The 
White and Eed-Eose united and imperially 
crowned is the Badge of England. P. 3, f. 
21. Also termed a Double Eose, 

Rose-leaf. P. 45, f. 29. 

Rose, stalked and leaved. P. 44, f. 3. 
Also termed a Damask-rose, stalked 
and leaved. A Damask rose, with 
leaves and thorns. P. 25, f. 27. 

Rose, wild, or Bramble. P. 44, f. 27. 

Rose and Thistle conjoined and im- 
perially crowned the Badge of James 


;, f. 3- 

Rose and Thistle conjoined. P. 44, f. 4 

Rose-en-Soleil. a white rose, sur- 
rounded by rays. 

Roselettes. Single roses, having five 
leaves each, as the Rose, P. 44, f. 27. 

Rosemary. A plant. P. 45, f. 2. 

Rosary. A chaplet of beads, with 
cross attached. P. 42, f. 41. 

Rostral Crown. Lipsicus, in his 
treatise on the Roman milita, fancies 
the Corona Navalis and the Rostrata to 
have been two distinct crowns, though 
generally believed to be one, and the 
same crown. See Crown Naval. 

Rouge-Croix, or Rouge Cross. The 
title of one of the Pursuivants of 

Rouge-Dragon. The title of one of 
the Pursuivants of Arms. 

Round Tops of Masts. Represented 
so as to show the particular part of 
the mast to which it belongs, and are 
sometimes blazoned pieces of masts, 
with their round tops. P. 38, f. 35. 

Roundelly. Strewed with roundles. 

Roundles. Round figures which may^ 
be charged witli any figure, (e.x., P. 2, 
f. 45). In blazon change their names 
according to the different tinctures 
of vvhich they are composed, except 
when they are counter-changed as 
e.x. P. 2, f. 39, when 
or, they are called Bezants. P. 1. 
argent Plates, 

gules Torteaux. 

azure Hurts, 

vert Pomeis. 

sable Pellets, or Ogresses, 

purpura Golpes. 

tenne Oranges, 

sanguine ,, Guzes. 

Barry wavy, ar. and az. Fountains. 
These figures are all globular, except the 
bezant, plate, and fountain. 

Roundles counterchanged. P. 2, f. 39. 

Round-pierced. See Cross. P. 8, 

Rousant, or Rowsand. Rising. When 

applied to the Swan the wings are to 

be endorsed. P. 31, f. 25. 
RowRL, or Roele. ^ The point of a spur 

turning on an axis. P. 37, f. 47. 
Row-gally. a Lymphad. P. 3S, f. 25. 
Rowan-tree. A mountain ash. 
Rov.'sand. Rising. 
RowsiNG. Putting up, and driving a 

hart from its resting place. 
RowT. A term to express a number of 

wolves together. 
Royal Antler. The tliird branch of 

the attire of a buck, that slioots oiit 

from the rear, or main horn above the 





Royal- Arms. P. 31, f. i to ii. From 
William I. to \'ictoria. 

Royal Cadency. P. 16, f, 40 to 45, 
and P. 25a, f. I and 2. See Label. 

Royal Crown. The Imperial Crown. 
P. 24, f. I ; P. 26, f. 27. 

Royal Eagle. Same as Imperial 
Eagle. P. 33, _f. 6. ^ 

Royal Navy, ensign of. P. 25a, f. 5. 

Royal Red Cross. A decoration in- 
stituted 23rd April, 1 883, for reward- 
ing services rendered by certain 
persons in nursing the Sick and 
Wounded of the Army and Navy. 
The Decoration may be conferred upon any 
Ladies, whether subjects or foreign persons, 
who may be recommended to Her Majesty's 
notice by the Secretary of State for War for 
special exertions in jDroviding- for the nursing, 
or for attendinj^to, sick and wounded soldiers 
and sailors. 

Thi? Decoration may be conferred upon any 
Nursing Sister, whether subjects or foreign 
persons, who may be recommended to Her 
Majesty's notice by the Secretary of State 
for War, or, as the case may be, by the First 
Lord of the Admiralty through the Secretary 
of State, for special devotion and compe- 
tency which they may have disiilayed in the 
nursing duties with the Army in the Field, 
or in the Naval and Military Hospitals. 
Badge of the Decoration, a Croo;s enamelled 
crimson, edged with gold, having on the 
Arms thereof the words, Faith, Hope, 
Charity, with the date of the institution of 
the Docoration ; the centre having thereon 
the Queen's Effigy. On the reverse side 
Her Majesty's Koyal and Imperial Cypher 
and Crown shown in relief on the centre. 
The Riband is dark blue edged red, one inch 
in width, tied in a bow, and worn on the 
left shoulder. P. 31, f. 43. 

Royal Robe, or Mantle. P. 40, f. 29. 
Royal Standard of Great Britain and 

Ireland is a Banner containing the 

arms of England, Scotland, and 

Ireland, quartered. P. 7, f. 21. 
Royal Tent, as borne in .the arms of 

the Merchant Tailors' Company. 

P. 40, f. 25. 
Royalty, Ensigns of. As the Crown, 

sceptre, swords, mound, or orb, etc. 
Roys. Old English for rows or lines. 
RoYNE. See Grose. 
Ruby. A precious stone, used to express 

gules. P. I. 
Rue. a small shrubby plant. P. 44, 

f. 45- 

The collar of the most ancient Order of the 
Thistle is composed of thistles and sprigs 
of rue. P. 24, f. 18. 

Rue Crown. P. 16, f. 40. 

The Arms of Saxony on an inescutcheon 
Bai-ry of ten or. and sa., a Rue Crown in 
bend vert. ; also tormod a bend treCo. 

Ruffles. Frills worn over the wrists' 
P. 36, f. 10. 

Rudder of a Ship. Should be repre- 
sented hooked. P. 38, f. 40., 
It is sometimes Ijorne with a handle, i.d. 

Ruddock. A robin, or redbreast. 

Rule, or Yard-measure. P. 41, f. 41. 

Rules of Blazon. See Blazon. 

Rundles. See Roundles. 

Rushes. Plants with long slender 
stems, which grow in watery lands. 
P. 44, f. 48. A Bull-rush. 

Russet. A grey colour. 

Rustre, or Ruster. A lozenge pierced 
round in the centre. P. 40, f. 16. 
They are called by some incorrectly Mascles 
f>ierced round. 

Ruther. See Helm. 

Rye, Ear of. Generally called rye- 
stalk, or stalk of rye, with the ear 
bent downwards. P. 45, f. 16. 


S. and Sa. Are both used to denote 

S. A Text ^ is borne by the name of 
Kekitmore. See Letters. 

Sable. Black ; in engraving is repre- 
sented by perpendicular and hori- 
zontal lines crossing each other. 
P. I. 

Sabre. See Scymetar, 

Sacre, or Saker. A kind of falcon 
with grey head, the legs and feet 
bluish, and the back a dark brown. 

Saddle. A seat for a horseman fitted 
to a horse's back. A saddle, as borne 
in the arms of the Saddlers' Compan}', 
Newcastle. P. 37, f. 49. 

Saddle, with stirrups and leathers. 
^- 37? f- 50* Saddlers' Company, 

Saddle-pack. i.d. f. 51. 

Sagittarius, or Sagittary. An Archer. 
See Centaur, and P. 27, f. 40. 

Sail of a Ship. P. 38, f. 35. f. 38, as 
borne in the arms of Enderby. f. 39. 
As borne by Tennant. 

St. Andrew's Cross is a white saltire. 
P, 7, f. 21. 

St. Anthony's Cross. Tlie Cross Tau. 
P. 9, f. 30. 

St. Columbia. As in the arms of the 
See of the Isles. P. 38, f. 37. 

St. Cuthbert's Cross. P. 11, f. i. 

St. George's Cross is a red cross. P. 
7, f. 21. 

St. George's Ensign. See Ensign. 




St. James's Cross, P. ii, f. 2. 

St. John's Head in a charger. P. 35, 

f- 33- 
St. John of Jerusalem, the Order of. 

Tlie Arms, distinguished by a red chief 

charged with a white cross. P. 23, 
'f. 21. See Hospitallers. 
St. Patrick's Cross is a red saltire 

P. 7, f. 21. 
St. Paulinus, Cross of. See Saxon 
' Wheel-Cross. 

St. Stephen's Cross. P. 10, f. i. 
St. Thomas's Cross, P. 8, f. 28, wnth 

the addition of an escallop shell on 

the centre. 
Saker. a hawk. See Sacre. 
Salamander. An imaginary animal, 

represented as P. 27, f. 52. 
Salient, or Saillant, The position 

of all beasts of prey, when leaping or 

springing. P. 26, f. 20. 
Salient, counter-salient. P. 29, f. 10. 
Salix. a willow tree. P. 45, f. 35. 
Salled Headpiece, or Salade. An 

ancient name for the helmet. 
Salmon. A fish. P. 32, f. 18. 

Three Salmons fretted, f . 26. 
Salmon-spear. a name sometimes 

given to the harpoon. P. 38, f. 45. 
Salt, Salt-cellar, Salts-covered, or 

Sprinkling-salt, P. 39, f. 39, as in the 

arms of the Salters' Company. 
Saltant. a term applied to the Ape, 

Cat, Greyhound, Monkey, Rat, 

Squirrel, Weasel, and all Vermin ; 

when in a position of 

Salterye. See Saltire. 
Saltire, Saltier, or Saltes. One of 

the honourable ordinaries. P. 20. 

The Saltire is subject to all the accidental 

forms of lines, as Embattled, Nebule, 

Wavy, etc. 
When figures are borne on the saltire, it is 

said to be char<^ed, or the charges are said 

to be, on a saltire. When the saltire is 
^ between four figures it is said to be cantoned 
Saltire Arched Nowy. P. 20, f. 25. 

Between, f. 37, 

BoTTONEE. f. 31. 

Brettessed. f. 23. 

Cantoned, f. 38. 

of Chains, f. 44. 

Checky. f. 7, 

Compony. f. 9. 

Compony, counter-compony. f. 8. 

Conjoined, f. 43. 

Counterchanged. f. 6 and 40. 

COTTISED. f. 34. 

CouPED. f. 22 and 28. 

Edged, f. 4. 


Saltire Engrailed, f. 36. 

Fimbriated, f. 4. 

Flanks of. f. 38. 

Fretted in Saltire. f. 16. 

OF Fusils, f. 14. 

FuSILY. f. II. 

Indented, f. 17. 

Invecked. f. 34. 

In Saltire. f. 29, 39, and 16. 

Interlaced, f. 43. 

Lozengy. f. 10. 

OF Lozenges, f. 13. 
- - OF Mascles. f. 15. 

Masculy. f. 12. 

Nowy. f. 24. 

Nowy Arched, f. 25. 

Nowy Lozengy. f. 27. 

Nowy Quadrat, f. 26. 

On a Saltire. f. 36 and 42. 

Per Pale. f. 40. 

- Per Quarterly Counterchanged. 


Pierced, f. 35. 

Pierced Lozengy. f. 26 and 28. 

Potentee. f. 20. 

Quartered Quarterly, f. 5. 

Raguly. f. ig. 

Saltered and Flory. f. 33. 

Saltered Pattee. f. 30. 

Surmounted, f. 3. 

Toulouse and Pomettee. f. 32. 

Triparted and Fretted, f. 18. 

Voided, f. 2. 

Within a Bordure. f. 42. 
Saltire-per. Applied to the field of a 

coat of arms, or any charge when 
divided by two diagonal lines crossing 
each other. P. 2, f. 5 ; P. 20, f. 21. 

Saltirewise, Salterwise, or In Saltier. 
Any figures placed in the form and 
position of a Saltire. P. 20, f. 39. 

Saltiery. Parted per saltier. P. 14, 

Saltorels. Saltires. 

Salts. Also termed Salt-cellars and 
Sprinkling salts. P. 39, f. 39. 

Sandal. A kind of shoe, sometimes 
called brogue. P. 19, f. 38. 

Sandglass, or Hourglass. A glass for 
measuring the hours, by the runnnig of 
sand from one part of the vessel into 
another. P. 39, f. 44, No. 2. 

Sandglass or Hourglass winged i.d. 

Sang, Gutte de, drops of blood. P. i. 

Sanglant. Bloody. 

Sanglier. a wild boar. P. 29, f. 31. 

Sanguine. A term to denote miivrey 
colour ; and is expressed, in engrav- 

S A N 



ing, by diagonal lines crossing each 

other. P. I. 
Sanguinated. Bloody. The same as 

embrued. P. 37, f. 11. 
Sans. Without. Applied to animals, 

or birds, deprived of some member ; 

e.g. a wyvern sans wings. P. 27. f. 

13. A Wyvern, sans legs. f. 14. A 

Dragon sans wings and legs. f. 23. 

An Eagle displayed sans legs. P. 

33' f- 9- 

Sans-nombrr. The same as semee, 

only that no part of the figures are 
cut off. See semee. P. 2, f. 38 and 40. 

Sapphire. Used to express blue in 
blazon. P. i. 

Saracen. See Savage. 

Sarcelled. Cut through. See a Cross 
Sarcelled. P. 7, f. 20. 

Sarcelled demi. Same as a Cross 
Escartelle pattee. P. g, f. 8. 

Sarcelly, or Cercelee. See cross Cir- 
celee. P. 7, f. 20. 

Sardine. A fish. P. 32, f. 42. 

Sardonyx. In blazon represents murrey 
colour. P. I. 

Sash. A band or belt. P. 36, f. ig. 

Satan's Head. P. 36, f. 48. 

Saturn. In blazon implies sable. P. i. 

Satyr, or Satyral. A beast having tlie 
body of a Lion, the faca of an old 
man, with the horns of an an antelope. 
P. 26, f. 57- 

Satyr. See Man-tiger. 

Satyr's-head couped at the neck in 
profile. P. 36, f. 47. 
This is also termed the head of Midas. 

Sautoirs. Are supposed to be cords 
formed of silk which hang from the 
saddle to be grasped by the hand of 
the rider when mounting. 

Sautoir. a Saltire. 

Savage. Wild-man, Green-man, Wood- 
man, and Saracen, are all depicted 
the same, and generally with a wreath 
of leaves round the temples and 
waist. See Term Man and the follow- 
ing examples at P. 35. 
A savage pjjr. wreathed about the loins and 
temples vert, holding in his dexter hand a 
spiked club. f. 24. A Demi savage wreathed 
round the temples and waist, holding in his 
dexter hand a club all ppr. f. 25. A savage 
ambulant ppr. in the dexter hand a club 
resting on the shoulder, and in the sinister 
hand a shield ar. charged with a cross gu. 
f. 26. 
S.WIN Tree. P. 45, f. 5g. From 
Burke's Heraldic Illustrations. 

Saw, or Frame-Saw. P. 41, f. 35. 

S.-vw, or Hand-Saw. P. 41, f. 34. 

S.\wlterey, or Sawtry. An old term 
for per-saltier. 

Saxon's Head. See Head. 

Saxon Sword. See Seax. 

Saxon-Wheel-Cross. A Plain Cross 
within a circle the outer edga of 
which is indented. 

Scale-Armour, or Mail Armour. P. 
36, f. 21. 

Scales. See Balance. 

Scaled, or Escalloped. Covered over, 
as if with the scales of a fish ; it is 
also termed Papellonne, as a bend so 
termed. P. 18, f. 7. 

Scales-scaled, or Escallops-escalloped, 
differs from the last, each scale being 
as it were jagged or fringed after the 
manner of diapering, with a deeper 
colour than that of the field. 

Scaling-ladder. P. 37, f. 7. 

Scallop-shell. The same as Escallop- 
shell. P. 42, f. 42. 

Scalloped, or Escalloped, the same as 
Escallopee. See Papelonne. P. 18, f. 7 

Scalp. Skin of a man's head with 
the hair. P. 36, f. 18. 
Also the skin of the forehead of an animal. 
If the animal have horns they are attached 
to the scpJp, as at P. 15, f. 21. A Stag' 3 
scalp. A Bull's scalp. P. 31, f. 17. Hare's 
scalp. P. 31, f. 15. 

Scalpel. See Lancet. 

Scaly-Lizards. P. 3g, f. 24. 

Scarabee. a Beetle, borne by the 
name of Thorndike. P. 25, f. 27. 

Scarcelly, Sarcelly, Sarcelled, or Re- 
carcelle. P. 7, f. 20 and 22. 

Scarf. A small ecclesiastical banner 
hanging down from the top of a 
Pastoral Staff. P. 42, f. 46. 

Scarpe, or Escarpe. A diminutive of 
the bend sinister being one half its 
breath. P. 17, f. 6. 

Scatebra, or Water-pot. The Urn or 
Vase on which Water Gods are de- 
picted leaning. 

Sceptre. A royal-staff. The golden 
sceptre. P. 35, f. 13. 
The Sceptre and Dove. f. 14. The Sceptre 
of Queen Mary, f, 18. Sceptre called St. 
Edward's Sta'if. f. 17. Sceptre, f. 19. 
The Scoptre is of greater aati:^uity than the 

Sceptres. P. 42, f. 47. 

Sceptre or Mace of the Lord Mayor 
of London. P. 35, f. 21. 

Schallop. Same as Escallop. 

Scimitar. A sword with a convex 
edge. P. 38, f. 22 ; and P. 36, f. 31. 

Scixtillant. Sparkling, applied to 
anything having sparks of fire about 




The Badge of. P. 3, f. 21. 

Scoop. A kind of ladle. P. 39, f. 21. 
A t^coop with water therein wavy. Borne by 
the name of Scophani, In the b'azon of the 
arms Scoiiholme it is termed a Scolpe. 

ScoppERELLE. See Escallop. 

Scorpion. P. 32, f. 53. 

The largest and most malignant of all the 
insect tribes. It somewhat resembles the 
lobster; is generally borne erect. When 
borne with the head downwards is described 
a3 reversed. 

Scotch spur. P. 37, f. 47. 

ScoTCHEoN. See Escutcheon 


Crest of P. 26, f. 28. 
Crown of. P. 25, f. 29. 
Bordure of. P. 35, f. IG. 

Scourge. A whip, in blazon the 
number of lashes must be named. A 
scourge with three lashes. P. 42, f. 41. 

Scrip, Wallet, or Pilgrim's pouch, A 
bag formerly carried by pilgrims. P. 
40, f. 39 ann 40. 
Scrip, or Wallet open. f. 41. 

ScROG. A term used by Scotch Heralds 
for a small branch of a tree. 

Scroll. That part of the achievement 
on which the motto is placed. P. 18, 
f. 21. See Escroll. 

Scruttle. a winnowing basket. P. 
39, f. 16. 

Scull-Human, P. 36, f. 32. 

Scull in a cu.p. P. 35, f. 34. 

Scutcheon. The same as Escutcheon. 

ScYMETAR. See Scimitar. 

Scythe. An instrument of husbandry. 
P. 39, f. 10. 

The handle of the scythe is still called, in 
some counties, a Sned, and is so blazoned in 
the arms of Sneyd as allusive to their name. 

Scythe-blade, i.d. f. 10, No. 3. 
Sea-Ape. P. 29, f. 59. 
Sea-Aylet. See Aylet. 
Sea-Bream. Same as Hake-fish. P. 32, 

f. 36. 
Sea-Dog, P, 29, f, 5'6. 

Sea-Bull, Sea-Bear, Sea-Cat, Sea- 
Dragon, Sea-Horse, Sea-Lion, etc. 
Tne anterior portions of the bodies of these 
are all depicted in the forms which the 
several names denote ; bnt like the Sea 
Horse. I'. 29, f. 55, and the Sea-lion. P. 
20. f. 53, they have fishes tails and webbed 

Sea-Dog. p. 29, f. 56. 

Sea-Gull. p. 34, f. 13. 

Sea, or Marine Wool, is depicted as 

P. 29, f. 51. 
Sea-Mew. See Sea Gull. 
Sea-Monkey. P. 29, f. 59. 
Sea-Pie. P. 34, f. 17. 
Sea-Urchin. p. 32, f. 49. 
Seal. A carnivorous and amphibious 

animal. P. 29, f. 51. 

Seal. A device, or an engraved in- 
scription ; also an impression made 
on wax. 

Personal .Sea,ls may be regarded among the 
most trustworthy evidences of armorial 
bearings. Indeed, when a seal attached to 
a charter bears the same name as that of 
the person granting the charter, its authority 
for a shield of arms is almost indisputable. 

Seals attached to a book. P. 43, f. 32. 

Seal's Paw erased. P. 29, f. 52. 

Seax. a scimitar with a semicircular 
notch, hollowed out of the back of 
the blade. P. 38, f. 20 and 22. 

Second Title. See Courtesy Title. 

Sedant. The same as Sejant. 

Seeded. Applied to the seeds of roses, 
lilies, etc., when borne of a different 
tincture to the flower. 

Segment. A portion cut off by a line 
from a circle. 

Segrant. See Segreant. 

Segreant. a term applied to the 
Griffin when standing eretft upon its 
near hind leg, with the wings elevated 
and endorsed. It is tlie position of 
a lion rampant. A Griffin Segreant. 
P. 27, f. 2. 

Seizing. Applied to birds of prey 
when feeding on tlieir prey. P. 33, 
f. 12. 

Sejant. Sitting. P. 26, f. 41 ; P. 27, 
f. 3; P. 29, f. 15. 

Sejant Addorsed. Setting back to 
back. P. 29, f. 44. 

Sejant Contourne. P. 26, f. 18. 

Sejant Rampant, i.d. f. 19. 

Sejant Guardant in aspect, i.d. f. 43- 

Sejant Extended in full aspect, i.d. 
f. 44. 

Sejant in his Majesty, as the crest of 
Scotland, f. 28. 

Sejant Dexter paw raised, f. 42. 

Sejant Reguardant. P. 28, f. 10. 

Selch, or Sealch. Seal, an amphibious 
animal. P. 29, f. 51. 

Semee, Senime, or Seme. Aspersed, 
or Powdered. P. 2, f. 38. 
The terms Averlye, Gerattie, and Strewed, 
are also used for the same thing, which 
implies that the i'ield. Charge, Crest, or 
Supporter, is strewed over with figures, such 
as roses, stars, etc. When strewed with 
fieur-de-lis it is then termed Semee -de lis. 

Semy. Same as Semee. 

Senestrochere. The sinister arm. 

Sengreen, or House-Leek, as borne in 
the arms of Caius Co L^gc, Cam- 
bridge. P. 22, f. 17. 

Sentrie. An ohi term for Piles. 

Sept-foil. A figure of seven foils. 
See Eoils. 




Sept-Insular Lion. A winged lion 
passant guardant, holding seven 
arrows in his paw, and over his head 
a nimbus. P. 26, f. 47. 

Sepulchral Monuments. See Monu- 
ments, and Brasses SepulchraL 

Sepurture. The same as Endorsed, 
as Wings Endorsed, or Sepurture. 
P. 27, f. 17; P. 33, f. 26, No. 2. 

Seraph's Head. Depicted as the head 
of a child with three pairs of wings. 
P. 36, f. 57. 

Seraphim. The same as Seraph's 

Sergent, or Sergreant. The same as 

Serpent. A snake. P. 30. 

In Blazon, the position of the Serpent must 
be particularly expressed. As a Serpent 
Nowed. f. 25. Nowed in Pale. f. 60. 
Targent. f. 28. 

A full description of other positions will be 
found at Plate 30, f. 25 to 60, and Plate 22, 
f. 7 and 17. 

Serrated. Indented. P. 39, f. 14, 
No. 2. 

Seruse. a torteau. 

Sesant. See Issuant. 

Severed. Disjointed. See Chevron 
Disjointed. P. 16, f. 4. 

Sex-foil, or Sise-foil. A plant with 
six leaves. See Narcissus. P. 44, 

f. 17. 
Sextant. P. 38, f. 47. See Quadrant. 
Shack-bolt. Borne both single and 

double. P. 42, f. 40. 
Shackle, or Oval link of a fetter. P. 

37, f. 42. 
Shafferon. See Chaperon. 
Shafted. Arrows, Spears, etc., are 

said to be shafted when the shaft is 

of a different tincture from the head. 

See Pheon Shafted. P. 37, f. 14. 
Shag. A cormorant. P. 34, f. 34. 
Shake-fork. Is in form like the cross 

pall, but does not touch the edges 

of the shield, and is depicted as 

P. 39, f. 19. 
Shambrogus. a shoe. P. 19, f. 38. 
Shambrough. a kind of ship. P. 38, 

f. 26. 
Shamrock. The same as Trefoil, three 

leaved grass. P. 44, f. 14. 

The Bad^e of Ireland. P. 3, f. 21. 
Shankbone, or Sainbone. P. 42, f. 52. 
Shapeau. See Chapeau. 
Shapernes, or Shapourns. The same 

as S'.iapournet. 
Shapournated. p. 12, f. 40. 
Shapourne. a curved line. P. 21, f. 6. 

Shapournet, See Chapournet. P. 12, 

f- 39- 

Shark, A voracious fish. P. 32, f. 51. 

Shave. See Curriers' Shave. P. 41, 
f. 2. 

Shave-hook. P. 41, f. ig. 

Shaving-iron, as in the arms of the 
Fanmakers' Company. P. 41, f. 36. 

Sheaf. See Garb. 

Sheaf of Arrows. P. 37, f. ig. 

Sheaves. A term applied to a bundle 
of arrows. See Arrow. 

Shears. A tool used by clothiers. P. 
41, f. 43. 

Sheep. A quadruped always depicted 
as the lamb, P. 29, f. 4, without the 
banner and nimbus. 

Sheldrake. A kind of duck. P. 34, 
f. 15. 

Shells. See Escallop Shell and Welk- 

Shepherd's Crook. P. 39, f. 11, No. 3. 

Sheriff. This title is a corruption 
from Shire Reeve, from the Saxon, 
meaning the Reeve or Governor of 
the Shire, he is the chief civil officer 
in each county, and has the title of 
Esquire for life. 

Shetyll. See Shuttle. 

Shield, Buckler, Target, or Escutcheon. 
A weapon of defence, borne on the 
arm to turn off the blows of an 
enemy's weapon. P. i ; P. 36, f. 27. 
As to the form or shape of shields there can 
be no rule ; any form may be taken. See 

Shin-bones. Two in saltire, borne by 
the name of Newton, Baynes, Gale, 
Gatty, etc. P. 42, f. 52. 

Ships of various kinds are met with in 
Heraldry, and also the different parts 
of ships, as the rudder. P. 38, f. 40. 
The mast. f. 35. A sail. f. 39. H(ilm. 
f. 40. The stern of a line of battle 
siiip. f. 31. 

An Heraldic ship is always drawn with three 
masts, and is termed a Lymphad ; also 
blazoned a vessel, and a galley with oars, and 
sometimes a row-galley. P. 38, f. 25 to 30. 
Modern ships are of common occurrence, 
and, in blazoning, should be mentioned 
whether they have two or three masts, and 
whether under all sail, or full sail, and 
whether the sails are reefed or furled P. 38, 
f. 3i and 33. In both the former and latter 
cases it must be mentioned vrhether pennons, 
streamers, or colours, are flying. 

Ship Gun Carriage, on it a piece of 

Ordnance mounted. P. 37, f. 6. 
Ship-Lantern. P. 39, f. 27. No. 2. 
Shivered. Broken or splintered. 
Shods. Iron arrow heads. 


Shot. See Spar and Chain Shot. P. 
37, f. 8, and 9. 

Shovel. A kind of spade with broad 
blade shghtly hollowed. 

Shoveller, A species of water-fowl. 
P. 34, f. 23. 

Shredding Knife. P. 41, f. 20. 

Shrimp, or Prawn. Depicted as P. 
32, f. 40, a. 

Shruttle, Fan, or Winnowing Basket, 
used for winnowing corn. P. 39, f. 16. 

Shuttle. An instrument used by 
weavers, and borne in the arms of 
their Compan3\ P. 40, f. 2. 
It isblazoned a Shuttle tipped and quilled, 
and is very genei-ally given as a bearing to 
those who have risen to affluence by it. As 
the family of Peel. 

Sickle. An instrument of husbandry 
used for reaping corn. Two inter- 
laced. P. 39, f. 13. No. 2. 

vSicKLE with teeth, i.d. f. 14. No. 2. 

Side. A dexter-side. P. 22, f. 10. It 
may be dexter or sinister and not 
more than one sixth of the shield, 
cut off by a perpendicular line. 

Side-Face, or Side long face. A face 
in profile. P. 36, f. 38. 

SiDETH. Same as Impaled. When a 
coat has two impalements as P. 46, 
f. 4 ; the second is frequently termed 
a Siding. 

Signet Royal. A swan so called when 
gorged with a Coronet and chain. 

Silk-Hanks. As borne in the arms of 
the Silk Throwers' Company, P. 40, 

f- 5- 

Silk-Throwers' Mill. P. 40, f. 6. 

Silver. Argent. In painting repre- 
sented by white. P. i. 

SiNCKFOiL. See Cinquefoil. 

Sinister. The left. i.e. the right to the 
spectator. See Shield Impaled. Dex- 
ter and Sinister, P. i. 

Sinister Bend. See Bend Sinister. 
P. 17, f. 5- 

Sinister Base Point, See Points of 
Escutcheon. P. i. 

Sinister Quarter. P. ig, f. 35. 

Sinisterways. Turned to the sinister, 

SiNOPLE, Green or vert. 

Sir. The title of a Baronet and Knight. 
This title in former times, was given to all 
who had taken a degree, or had entered into 
orders. Aubrey's Letters, 1, 117. 

Siren. A Mermaid. P. 35, f. 12. 

SiSTRUM. A musical instrument used 
in the rites of Isis. P. 38, f. 48. 

Sitfoile. See Sixfoil. 

SiTHE. See Sythe. 

116 SNE 

Sixfoil. A Narcissus. P. 44, f. 17. 
Skein, Skean, or Skeen. A short sword, 

or dagger. 
Skeleton, or Deadman's head, P, 36, 

f. 32, 
Skeleton, Human holding an arrow. 

P- 35> f- 35- 

The emblem of mortality. A crowned 

skeleton, is the emblem of christian death. 

Skiff, A Galley. See Lymphacl, 

Skipping, Erected, mounting, or leap- 

Skull Human, P. 35, f. 34, and P. 
36, f. 32. 

Sky-Lark. P. 33, f. S7- 

Slashed. Sleeves of garments were 
formerly cut open lengthways, and 
these openings were filled with a 
puffing of another colour. See arm 
so vested, viz., a cubit arm vested or., 
cuffed and Slashed ar., hand ppr. 
holding a scymitar imbrued, gu., hilt 
and pommel gold. P. 36, f. 13. 

Slaughter-axe. P. 22, f. 32, and P. 
41, f. 19. 

Slay, Slea, or Reed, An instrument 
used by weavers, and borne as part 
of the armsofth.e Weavers' Company 
of the City of Exeter, P. 42, f. 32. 

Sledge, A vehicle moved on runners 
used in husbandry. P, 42, f, 28, 

Sledge-hammer. A large heav}' ham- 
mer, P. 41, f. 25. 

Sleeve. See Maunche. 

Sling with a stone in it. P, 41, f, ^^. 

Sling. As borne in the arms of 
Cawarden. i.d, f. 56, 

Slip, A twig should be depicted with 
only three leaves ; as a pear slip, P. 

, 44' f- 56. 

1 Slipped or Slipt, applied to flowers, 

fruit, etc., when depicted with a stalk. 

P, 44, f. 52, 
Sloe-Bush. See Crequer-plant. 
Slogan, or Slughorn. Tiie Scottish 

Smallage-Garland. Given to victors 

at the Nemean Games. 
Smelt. A small fish. P. 32, f. 34. 
Smew, or White-Nun. P. 34, f. 33. 
Snaffle. See Barnacle. 
Snaffle-bit, P, 37, f. 53. 
Snagged, Couped so, the edge is seen 

in perspective, as P, 45, f. 56. 
Snail, or House-snail, also termed a 

Snail in his Shell. P. 30, f. 6. 
Snake. See Serpent. 
Snakey-staff. See Caduceus. 
Sned. The handle of a Scythe to 

which refer. 


Snipe. A bird. P. 34, f. 50. 
Snippers. See Glaziers'-nippers. 
SoARANT, or Soaring. Flying alott. 
Societies, Arms of. See Arms of 

Sock, or Ploughshare. See Coulter. 
Sol. The sun, by which or, or gold is 

expressed in blazoning arms by the 

Planets. P. i. 
Soldering-iron. A tool used by 

plumbers, and borne in the arms of 

their company. P. 41, f. i. 
Soldering-iron Triangular. See 

Plumbers' Knife. 
Sole. A flat fish. P. 32, f. loa. 
SoLEiL. A Rose en Soleil is a rose 

surrounded with rays. 
SoLoN Goose, or Gannet. P. 34, f. 20. 
Somerset Herald. See Heralds 

SoMME. Horned, applied to the stag 

when the branches are not less than 

thirteen, but if more it is blazoned 

Somme Sans Nombre. The term 

Somme, is also used by some in the 

sense of surmounted. 
Song Thrush. See Thrush. P. 34, 

Sore. A term for the young of the 

buck in its fourth year. 

SoREL. A young buck in its third year. 

Soustenu, Soutennee, or Soutenu. 
When a chief is represented sup- 
ported by a small part of the escut- 
cheon beneath it, of a different colour, 
or metal from the chief, and reaching 
as the chief doth, from side to side, 
being as it were a fillet on the bottom 
part of the chief, of another colour. 
P. 12, f. 33. 

Southernwood, Branch of, borne by 
the name of Sotheron. P. 45, f. 55. 

Sovereign's Helmet. P. 24, f. 8. 

Spade. P. 39, f. iS. A Half-spade, 
i.d. No. 4. 

Spade Iron, or the Shoeing of a Spade, 
i.d. f. 18, No. 2 and 3. 

Spancelled. See Horse Spancelled. 
P. 27, f. 31. 

Spaniel. A dog with long shaggy 
coat, P. 29, f. 27. 

Sparling, or Smelt. A small fish. P. 
32, f. 34. 

Sparrow. A bird. P. 33, f. 51. 

Sparrow-hawk. See Hawk. 

Spar-shot. P. 37, f. g. 

Spatula, as borne in the arms of the 
Barbers' Company. P. 22, f. 19 ; 
and P. 42, f. 50. 

117 SFR 

Spayade. a young stag, in his third 

Spear. An instrument used in warfare. 

P. 37, f. 22. Broken Spear, f. 11. 
Spear-eel. See Eel Spear. 
Spear-head imbrued. P. 37, f. 11. 
Spear-rest. See Rest. 
Spear. See Tilting-spear. 
Spear-salmon. See Harpoon. 
Speckled. Spotted with another tinc- 
Spectant. At gaze, or looking forward, 
sometimes termed in full aspect. P. 
28, f. 44, and P. 26, f. 44. 
Spellers. The small branches~shoot- 
ing out from the flat part of the 
buck's horn, at the top. 
Sperver, or Spurver. A kind of tent, 
as borne in the arms of the Upholders' 
Company. P. 40, f. 28. 
It is also termed a Pavilion, or Tabernacle. 
Sphere. Armillary, Celestial, and 
Terrestrial Sphere. P. 39, f. 4, and f. 5. 
Spink. A small bird. P. 34, f. 54. 
Sphinx. A fabulous monster, with the 
head and breasts of a woman, body 
of a lion, and the wings of an eagle. 
P. 30, f. 2. 
Sphinx couchant, sans wings, i.d. f. 3. 
Spilted. Covered with. Same as 

Spider and Web. Borne by the name 

of Chettle. P. 22, f. 5. 
Spiked. Studded with points, as a 

club spiked. P. 41, f. 48. 
Spindle. As borne by Miller. P. 40, 
f. 2. See also Wharrow-spindle. i.d. 
f. 3. Borne by Badland, etc. 
Spire, or Steeple of a Church. P. 23, 

f. 23. 
Spires. Blades of grass 
Spired, having raised points. 
Splayed. The same as displayed. 
Splendour, a term for the Sun, when 
represented with a human face, en- 
vironed with rays. P. 23, f. 33. 
Splintered. Broken. 
Spokeshave. Also termed Grazier. 

See Grater. 
Spool. See Spindle. 
Spotted. The same as speckled. 
Sprat. A small fish. P. 32, f. 40. 
Spread Eagle. Same as an Eagle 
with two heads displayed. P. 33, f. 6. 
Sprig. A twig, as P. 44, f. 40. 
Spring-Bok. p. 29, f. 23. 
Springing. Applicable to beasts of 
chase, in the position in which wild 
beasts are called salient. It is also 




applied to fisli when placed in bend. 

See Stag Springing. P. 28, f. 45. 
Sprinkling-salt. See Salt. 
Sprouting. Shooting forth leaves. P. 

45, f. 56, and 57. 
Spur. An ancient or Scotch spur. 

Also called a prick-spur. P. 37, 

f. 47. 
Spur. Generally borne with the straps. 

Termed a spur leathered. 

A Spur and Spur-leather, depicted as P. 37, 

f . 48. 
Spur-rowel, or Spur-reule. i.d. f. 47. 
Spur-rowel Blemished, i.e. having 

the points cut off. f. 47. 
Spurred. Equipped with spurs, as a 

boot spurred. P. 38, f. 15. 
Spurver. See Sperver. 
Square. As borne in the arms of 

Attow, Bevill, Edmonds, etc. P. 41, 

f. 23, 
Square-Pierced, or Quarterpierced. 

P. 7, f. 16; P. 8, f. 44. 
Squat. A term used for a rabbit sejant. 
Squire Base. P. 21, f. 24. See also 

Squirrel. An animal always borne 

sejant, and often cracking a nut. P. 

29, f. 43. 
Squirrels sejant endorsed, i.d. 

Sruttle. See Winnowing-fan 

f. 44. 

P. 39, 
f. 16. 

S.S., Collar of. See Collar of S.S. 
and P. 24, f. 29. 

Staff. A Bishop's Staff, or Pastoral- 
staff. P, 42, f. 46. 

The Staff of a Patriai-ch is a double cross, P. 
22, f. 23 ; and that of the Pope a triple one. 
P. 42, f. 48. 

Staff-Cross, or Fore Staff. P. 38, f. 43. 

Staff, Episcopal, or Bishop's staff. P. 
42, f. 46. 

Staff Palmers, i.d. f. 44. 

Staff-Pike. See Pike-stafT. 

Staff Ragged, or Raguly. P. 41, f. 57 

Staff-Tree leaf. P. 22, f. 33. 

Stafford-Knot. The Badge of Stafford. 



Stag and Stag's head are common 
bearings in coat armour. 
The Stag is blazoned at Oaze, Tripping, 
Springing, Courant, (or in full course) Brow- 
sing and Lodged. See P. 28, f. 43 to 48. And 
when the head is cut off. showing no part of 
the neck, and placed full faced, it is termed 
Cabossed. f. 52. But when the nock is shown 
with the head, and full faced, it is termed 
a stag's head and neck Ajfrontee, couped or 
erased at the neck. If shown in profile, it 
is blazoned a stag's head couped, or erased, 
the profile being understood, f. 49 and 1^0. 
When the horns (antlers) and hoofs are of a 
different tincture, it is said to be Attirei 

and Unpiled. If the antlers have more than 
five projections on each, it is blazoned at- 
tirjd with so many (mentioning the number) 

Stag or Hart, cumbent, or Lodged in a 
Park-paled. P. 28, f. 55. 

Staggard. a Stag in the fourth year. 

Stained, or Stamand. According to 
Guillim such colours as having no body 
do only stain, as Murrey and Tawny. 

Stalking. Walking applied to long- 
legged birds. 

Stall-Plates. A square or oblong 
plate of gilt copper, upon which the 
Arms of Knights of the Garter and 
the Bath are emblazoned, and fixed 
in their stalls in the Chapels of St. 
George at Windsor, and of Henry 
VH, at Westminster. Tiie arms of 
the Esquires of the Knights are 
similarly displayed and recorded in 
the lower range of Stalls. 

Stall, or Canopy. P. 43, f. 53. 

Standard. An ancient military ensign, 
long and tapering towards the end, 
which is split and rounded ; on the 
upper part appears tlie Cross of St. 
George, the remainder being charged 
with Motto, Crest, or Badge, but 
never with arms. P. 46, f. 20. The 
term Standard is now applied to the 
ensign carried by the Cavalry, those 
of the Infantry being called Colours. 

Standard Royal. See Royal Standard. 

Standard Cup. See Cup-covered. 

Standing-Disii. See Dish. 

Staple. An iron fastening. P. 42, 
f. 14. 

Star. An Ensign of Knightly Rank, 
common to the Heraldry of all 
nations. See Knighthood. 

Star. See Estoile. 

Star-blazing. See Comet. 

Star-Cross. P. 8, f. 45. 

Star of Six, and Eight Points. P. 
23, f. 43 and 44. 

Star of India. See Knighthood 
Orders of. 

Star-Fish, as borne in the arms of 
La-Yard. P. 32, f. S5- 

Star-Pagodas, as borne in the arms of 
Blades. P. 42, f. 29. 
The Star-Pagoda is an Indian coin. 

Starling. A bird; sometimes termed 
a Sterne, or Stare. P. 33, f. 50. 

Stars and Stripes of the United States 
of America with the Eagle. P. 25a, 
f. 15. 

Starved, or Blighted. A tree, or brancli , 
without leaves, as a Blighted Tree 
and Starved Branch. P. 45, f. 58. 



Statant. a term applied to animals 

standing with all their feet on the 

ground, except to those of the Deer 

kind. See P. 26, f. 39 and 40 ; P. 27, 

f. 8 and 19. 
State, Cap of, as borne b}' the Lord 

Mayor of London, termed the Civic 

Cap. P. 40, f. 56. 
Statera Romana. a steelyard. P. 39, 

f. 22. 
States General, Hat worn over the 

Arms of the. P. 40, f. 52. 
Stave of Esculapius. P. 30, f. 57. 
Staves, used by Palmers or Pilgrims, 

P. 42, f. 43. 
Staves of an Escarbuncle, Are the 

eight rays which issue from the 

centre. See Escarbuncle. 
Staves of a Wheel. The spokes, 

which unite the nave to the felloes. 

P. 41, f- 53- 
Steel for Striking Fire. Also termed 

a Furison. P. 22, f. 45. 
Steel-cap. See Morion. 
Steel-gad. See Gad. P. 42, f. 35. 
Steelyard. A kind of balance. P. 39, 

f. 22. 
Steeple of a Church. When borne 

in arms, is drawn with a part ot the 

tower or belfry. P. 23, f. 23. Blazoned 

a "Church Spire," nameof Bakeham, 

Backcombe, etc. 
Stellion-Serpent. a Serpent with 

the head of a weasel, borne by the 

name of Bume. 
Stem, or Trunk of a Tree. P. 45, f. 56 

and 57. 
Stephen, St. Cross of. P. 10, f. i. 
Stern. The hinder part of a ship is 

frequently met with in Coat Armour. 

It is borne by Nelson, P. 38, f. 31, 

Carneige, Campbell, etc. 
Sterne, or Stare. A Starling. P. 33, 

f- 50. 
Still. A utensil of the distillery as 

borne in the arms of Wennington. 

P. 39, f. 30, No. I. 
Stilt. An instrument made to walk 

with. P. 41, f. 59. 
Stirrup and Leather. P. 37, f. 52. 

When borne without the leather it should 

be blazoned stirrup iron. 
Stock, or Stump of a Tree. P. 45, 

f. 56. 
Stock-Card. An instrument for card- 
ing wool. P. 40, f. 7. 
Stockfish. P. 32, f. 47. 
Stocke. a Falcon's-rest. P. 43, f. 18. 
Stole. Part of the vestment of a 

priest. P. 40, f. 45. 


Stone. See Flag-stone. P. 42, f. 34. 

A Tombstone, f. 53. 
Stone-bill, or Wedge. Used to split 

timber. P. 41, f. 42. 
Stone-bows. A cross bow for shooting 

stones. P. 37, f. 23. 
Stone-mason's Mallet. P. 41, f. 33. 
Stork. A large bird allied to the 

Heron. P. 34, f. 9. 
Streamer. A flag; the length may be 

from 20 to 40 yards, on which may 

be put a man's conceit, or device. 
Streaming. A term used to express 

the stream of light darting from a 

comet, or blazing star. P. 23, f. 45. 
Strewed. Scattered. The same as 

Semee. P. 2, f. 38. 
String-bow. P. 37, f, 18. 
Stringed, or Strung. Terms used to 

express the strings of harps, bows, 

and bugle-horns, and when these are 

depicted without strings they must 

be blazoned "Sans strings." 
Studded. Adorned with studs. 
Stump, or Stock of a Tree. P. 45, 

f. 56. 
Sturgeon. A large kind of fish. P. 32, 

f. 32. 
Sub. Applied to an ordinary when the 

bottom edge is different from the top, 

as a Fesse Nebuly, Sub Invecked. 

P. 4, f. 26. A Fesse Sub-Crenellee 

is a Fesse with plain line at top, and 

the bottom embattled. 
Sub-Ordinaries. The following are 

commonly so called, viz. : The Bor- 

dure. Canton, Flanch, Fret, Gyron, 

Inescutcheon, Orle, Pile, Tressure, 

and Voider. 
SuBVERTANT, or Subverted. Reversed 

turned upside down. P. 15, f. 43. 
Succeedant. Following one another. 
Succession, Arms of. See Arms of 

SuFFLUE. A rest, or clarion. See 

Sugar-cane. The plant from which 

sugar is obtained. P. 44, f. 33. 
Sugar-loaf. A conical mass of sugar, 

borne by the name of Sugar. 
Sun. Usually borne with a human 

face and rays. P. 23, f. 32. 
Sun in Splendour, or in Glory. P. 23, 

f- 33- 

Sun in Splendour, each ray illumin- 
ated, or inflamed, f. 34. 

Sun Encircled with clouds distilling 
drops of rain. f. 29. 
Borne in the arais of the Distillers' Co;u- 




Sun Resplendent, rays issuing from 

clouds in chief. P, 23, f. 28. 
Sun Resplendent, rays issuing frona 

dexter chief point, f. 30. 
Sun Rising in Splendour, or issuing 

from clouds, f. 31. 
Sun in Splendour, charged with an 

eye. f. 35. 
Sun and Lion of Persia, Badge of. 

P. 25a, f. 7. 

Sundial on a Pedestal. P. 39, f. 44, 
No. I. 

Super-charge. A term used to express 
one figure borne upon another ; more 
properly blazoned Surmounted. P. 20, 

Super. The top. e.g. A fesse super 
nebuly, i.e. nebuly only on the top, 
as in the arms of Blancharden, which 
is also Sub invecked, i.e. the bottom 
only is invecked. P. 4, f. 26. 

Supplanting. Treading under-foot. 

Supported. Said of an Ordinary that 
has another under it, by way of sup- 
port. P. 3, f. 33. 

Supporters. Are figures represented 
on each side of the shield, and 
appear to support or hold it up. P. 
18, ig and 20, f. 21 ; P. 31, f. 11. 
Supporters are used by the Sovereign, 
Princes, Peers, and Peeresses, Knights of 
the several Orders, and Nova Scotia 
Baronets. The English Baronets are not 
allowed this privelege, except a very few, 
who for distinguished services have received 
a licence to use them. 

The Sons of Peers, although using sup- 
porters, have no legal right to them, and I 
would remark that a somewhat foolish 
custom has lately sprung up. If a Peer 
intermarries with a lady belonging to a 
fauiily whose arms have sujiporters, he 
places one of the supporters of his own coat 
on the dexter, and one of the supporters of 
the coat belonging to her family on the 
sinister side of his shield ; yet it is certain 
by all the rules of Heraldry that a woman 
can in no case convey supporters to her 
husband, and that even to convey them to 
her children she must at least be a Peeress 
in her own right, 

Supporting. Sustaining, or holding 
up. P. 8, f. 21, P. 31, f. 21. 

Suppressed. The same as Debruised. 
SuR. On, upon, or over. 

Sur-Ancree, or Sur-Anchored. P. 10, 

SuRCOAT. A loose frock without sleeves, 
worn by Military men over tlieir 
Armour, on it, their Arms were some- 
times painted or cmbroided. P. 39, 

f. 20. N 


" The Surcoat, originated with the crusadei"3 
for the ijiirpose of distinguishing the many 
diiferent nations serving under the banntr 
of the cross, and to throw a veil over the 
iron armour, so apt to heat excessively when 
exposed to the direct rays of the Sun." 
Surcharged. Charged or Surmounted. 
Surgiant, or Surgeant. Rising. P. 33, 

Surgiant, or Surgeant-tefgiant. The 
wings expanded on each side of the 
head, the points not elevated, the 
dexter wing showing behind, and tlie 
sinister before the bird. P. 33, f. 10. 
Sur-le-tout. En-Surtout, Surmounted, 

or over-all. See Surtout. 
Surmounted, Surmonte. Terms to 
express any charge having another 
placed over it. It is also expressed 
by the term Debruised. P. 7, f. 4. 
A Lion surmounted or debruised of a fesse. 
P. 2G, f. 21. 
Surpose. Sam.e as, in pale. 
Surroy, or Southroy. The ancient 
title of the King of Arms for the 
south parts of England, now called 
SuRROYAL Top. The broad top of a 
stag's horn, with the branches or 
small shoots from it. 
Sursuant. The same as erected and 
elevated, but without being waved 
or turned. See Reclinant. 
Surtout, or Sur-le-tout. A term for 
Over-all. Generally applied to a 
small escutcheon, containing a Coat 
of Augmentation. P. 16, f. 40; P. 31, 
f. 42. 
SusPECTANT, or Spcctant. Looking 

upwards. P. 33, f. 14. 
Sustained. See Soustenu. 
Sustaining. Supporting, or holding. 

P. 31, f. 21. 
Swallow, Hirondelle, or Hirundo. 
When represented fl}ing, is termed 
volant. P. 34, f. 60. 
Swan. Always borne with the wings 
endorsed, unless it is expressed other- 

A Swan close. P. St, f. 27. 
A Demi Swan, vi^ings expanded, f. 28. 
A Swan Kousant; i.e., standing with wings 
endorsed, f. 25. 

A Swan in Pride, is a Swan represented 
swimming, f. 2(5. 
A Swan's Head erased, f. 29. 
Sweep, Swepe, or Balista, also termed 
Mangonel ; an engine used by the 
ancients for throwing stones. P. 37, 
f- 38. 
Swivel. Two iron links which turn on 
a bolt. P. 42, f. 39. 




Sword, P. 38, f. ig. 

In blazoning a swoi'd in coat arm)ur, its 
position must always be mentioned ; whether 
the point is upwards or downwai-ds, towards 
the dexter or sinister, etc. See example?. 
P. 31, f. 30, to 35, and P. 9, f. 21. When the 
handle and pommel (i.e. the knob alExed to 
the handle) are of a dilfereut tincture, it 
it is termed hilted and pommelled. The 
hilt includes the entire handle and guard, 
but if the hand part is of a different tincture 
it is blazoned as the grip. e.g. a sword 
erect ar. grip vert, hilt and pommel or. the 
crest of Pollard. The Crest of Eoundell is 
a sword in pale ar. hilt and pommel or, 

If the blade is wavy it is termed a sword 
wavy P. 38, f. 19. If with fire round the 
blade, it is said to be inflamed, or flammant, 
sometimes it is called a flamiug sword, f. 21. 
If blood is depicted upon the blade, it is 
said to be imbrued. P. 36, f, 13. 
See Terms. Broadsword, Curtana-sword, 
Cutlass, Kapler, Scimitar, Seax, Tuck, etc. 
The sword is frequently used as the Emblem 
of Power. See Curtana. Two Swords in 
Saltire, the Emblem of St. Paul. 

Sykes. Fountains. See Heraldic 

Symbol. An emblem, type, or figure, 
the sign or representation of any 
moral thing by the images or pro- 
perties of natural things as " the lion 
is the symbol of courage " ; "a trident 
is the symbol of Neptune." 

Synamur. See Sanguine. 

Synettys. An old term for Swans. 

Synobolt. Sinople, or vert. 

Syrcott. See Surcoat. 

Syren. Or Siren, a Mermaid. P. 35, 
f. 12. 


T. A Roman T is borne by Gryme, an 
old English by the family of Toft. 
See Letters. 

T.-VBARD, or Tabert, A coat without 
sleeves, whereon the armorial ensigns 
were anciently depicted, from whence 
the term Coat of Arms. P. 38, f. 16. 
The Tabard with wide sleeves reaching to 
the elbow is now used as a habit of cere- 
mony, being embroidered with the Eoyal 
Arms, worn by Heralds and Pursuivants 
upon great festivals and other public cere- 
monies. See Tunic. 

Tabernacle. Same as Pavilion. P. 40, 
f. 28. 

Tadpoles, or Powts. Young frogs. 

Tail. The tail of the lion, and the 
tail of a Beaver, are sometimes borne 
in Coat Armour. P. 29, f. 50. 
The following are the difltnv'nt nauies for 
the Tails of several animals, viz. : That of 
the Deer is called siagle ; of the ijjar, the 

wra ifch ; of the Fox, the brush ; of the 
Wolf, the stern ; and of the Hare and Conay* 
the scut. 
Tail Forked, or Queue Fourche. 

P. 26, f. 3. 
Taille. Tue same as party per bend 

Tailor's-bodkin. P. 42, f. 28. 
Talbot. A hound witn long ears, and 
of vary common use in Coat Armour. 
A Talbot Statant. P. 29, f. 13. 
A Talbot Sejant, i.d. f. 15. 
A Deuii Talbot Eimp. i.d. f. 14. 
A Talbot's Head erased, i.d. f. 16. 
A She-Talbot, borae by the name of 
Talent. A bezant. P. i. 
Talon, or Claw. An Eagle's Talon 
reversed in pale ppr., as in the Crest 
of Marchmount. P. 33, f. 21. 
Tanke. a kind of deep round cap, 
called a cap tanke ; it is sometimes 
represented with strings, to tie under 
the chin. 
Taper-candlestick, with candle in- 
flamed. P. 39, f. 27. 
Taper-candlestick, as borne in the 
arms of "the Founders' Company. 
P. 39, f. 28, No. I. 
Tare, or Tarre. Affrontee, or full- 
Targant. See Torqued. 
Target, or Targe. A circular shield. 
Tasces, Tasses, or Tassetts. That 
part of the armour w^hich covers the 
Tassel. An ornament of silk or gold 
fringe, used as an addition to the 
strings of mantles, etc. The arms of 
Barnes are ar. a Tassel az. P. 40, 
f. 23. The Arms of Wooler are gu. 
three tassels or. 

Roman Catholic ecclesiastics of high rank 
are distinguished by tassels pendant from a 
cord of silk issuing from either side of a 
hat which is placed over their shield. 
These tassels are arranged in rows, and the 
number of tassels in each row exceeds by 
one the number in that above it, so that the 
whole form an equilateral triangle. A 
Cardinal has five rows of scarlet tassels 
pendant from a scarlet hat. P. 40, f. 60. 
Archbishops have a green hat, and four 
rows of green tassels. Bishops and Pro- 
thonotarias of the Pontifical Court, three 
and two rows respectively of green tassels. 
Tasselled. Adorned with tassels. 
Tass-vairy. The same as Potent 

counter potent. P. i. 
Tau, a Cross Tau, or Taucross. P. 9, 

f, 30. 
Tavalures. Ermine spots. 
Tawnv, or Tawney. See Tenne. 
TiiAL. A water fowl. P. 34, f. 18. 




Tea-leaves. P. 44, f. 34. 

Tea-plant. P. 44, f. 34. 

Teazel. The head or seed-vessel of a 
species of Thistle. P. 45, f. 6. 

Temple. Borne by the name of Temple. 
P. 23, f. 26. 

Templars. See Knights Templars. 

Tenas, or more properly Tenans. A 
term applied to inanimate objects on 
the side of the shield, but not touch- 
ing it. 

Tenant, holding. A term to express 
that the shield is held by one man or 
beast. Supporters, when there are 

Tenantee, or Tenanted. See Cross 
Tenantee. P. 10, f. 36. 

Tench. A fish. P. 32, f. 14. 

Texne. The same as Tawny. It is 
liy some heralds called Brusk ; and 
in engraving, it is expressed by 
diagonal lines drawn from sinister 
chief points, and traversed by hori- 
zontal ones. P. I. 

Tent. P. 40, f. 25. 

Figure 26 is a Tent as bcrne by Lindsey, 
viz., A Tent az. fringed and semee of stars 
cr, ensigned with a pennon gu. See also 
Pavilion and Sperver. 

Tent-Royal, or Royal Tent. P. 40, 
f. 27. 

Tenter-hooks, two different shapes. 
P. 41, f. 24. 

Tergant, or Tergiant. The same as 

Terras, or Terrasse. The representa- 
tion of a piece of ground at the base 
of the shield, and generally vert. 

Terrestrial Globe. See Globe, and 
P. 39, f. 2 and 5. 

Terwhitt. a Lapwing. P. 33, 

^ f. 55- 

Teste a la Queve, Quise, or Queue. 
Three fishes, etc., lying one upon 
the other, so that the head of each 
is between the other two, may be 
blazoned two fishes, in saltire, de- 
bruised by another in pale, the tail 

It is also called a Trien of fishes, lying cross, 
the heads and tails interchangeably josed ; 
it is also termed Testes aux queues, i.e. heads 
to tails. P. 32, f. 25. 

Tete. The head. 

Tetragonal Pyramids. Piles are 
generally considered to represent 
wedges ; but tliey are sometimes 
borne triangular, and also square, in 
which latter case they may be termed 
square piles, or tetragonell pyramids 
reversed. P. 6, f. 40, 

Text-Letters are borne in several- 
Coats of Arms. See Letters. 

Thatch-Rake. An instrument used in 
thatching, P. 39, f. 12, borne by the 
name of Zakesley. 

Thatcher's Hook. Same as Thatch- 

Themis. The Goddess of Justice. P. 

Theutons, Teutonic, German, Tholose, 
or Thoulouse Cross. P. 8, f. 39. 

Thigh-bone. See Shin-bone. 

Thistle. The Badge of Scotland. 
P. 3, f. 21. 

Thistle, slipped and leaved. P. 44, 
f. 5. 

Thistle, Order of. See Knighthood. 

Thoison, or Toison d'or. The golden 
fleece. P. 22, f. 29, 

Thomas, St. Cross of. P. 8, f. 28, 
with an escallop in centre. 

Thong. A strap of leather for fasten- 
ing anything ; also the lash of a 
scourge. P. 42, f. 41. 

Thorn Tree. P. 45, f. 42. 

Thorn, Crown of. P. 43, f. 3. 

Thorr's Hammer, Fylfot, or Gam- 
madion. q.v. 

Thoulouse-Cross. The Crosses at 
P. 8, f. 36 and 39 are both so termed 
by Randle Holme. 

Three, Two, and One. Terms to 
denote the position of six charges, 
viz. : Three in chief, two in fesse, 
and one in base. P. 2, f. 39. 

Three. Three charges of any kind on 
a field are always placed two and 
one, P. 22, f. 45, unless otherwise 
described as three stirrups in pale. 
P. 14, f. 43. 

Three-quartered, or In train aspect. 
Shewing three fourths of an animal. 

Threstle, or Trestle. A hawk's perch. 
P. 43, f. 18. 

Throughout. Extending to the sides 
of the escutcheon as a Cross Pattee 
throughout. P. 9, f. 7. 

Thrush. A song bird. P. 34, f. 45. 

Thunder, Cross of. P. 37, f. 43. 

Thunderbolt. The emblem of Jupiter. 
P. 37, f. 44. 

It is sometimes blazoned Jupiters Thunder- 

Thyrsus. A rod surmounted with a 
fir-cone, or a bunch of vine leaves or 
ivy, with grapes or berries, carried 
by Bacchus, and the vSatyrs, Msenads, 
and others, during the celebration of 
religious rites. Beneath the garland 
or fir-cone the Tl.vrsus ends in the 




sharp point of a spear, a panctiire 
from which induces madness. Two 
Thursi in Saltire, borne by the family 
of Fructuozo. 

Ti\RA, or Triple Crown. The Papal 
Crown. P. 40, f. 59. 

Tiara, or Triple Crown, with clouds in 
base, issuing rays as borne in the 
Arms of the Drapers' Company, i.d. 

Tierce, Tiercee, or Tierced. Divided 

into three equal parts. 

Tierce in Bend. P. 21, f. 39. 

Tierce in Fesse. f. 37. 

Tierce in Girons, or Gyrons. f. 40. 

Tierce in Gyrons Arondia. P. 19, 

Tierce in Mantle. P. 21, f. 36. 
Tierce in Pairle. f. 35. 
Tierce in Pale, or en Pal. f. 3S. 
Tierce in Pile. f. 41. 
Tierce's Three. Sa Three Tierces 

or ; the Arms of Bourbourg. P. 22, 

f- 34- 

Tiger and ]Mirror, borne by Sibel. 

P. 28, f. 14. 

Tiger Natural, i.d. f. 13. 

Tiger Heraldic. Is depicted with a 
hooked talon at the nose, and with 
tufts as P. 28, f. 19. 

Tiger Heraldic, head of erased, f. 20. 

TiGES and Feuilles. Terms applied 
to fruits when represented with stalks 
and leaves. 

Tillage Rake-head. P. 39, f. 12. 

Tilt. See Tournament. 

Tilting Spear. Always depicted, if 
n'bt named to the contrar}-, with bur 
and vamplate. P. 35, f. 15. 
The Bur is a broad ring of iron behind the 
place made for the hand on the tilting spear ; 
which Vjur is brought to the rest, when the 
tilter charges his sjjear ; serving there to 
secure and make it easy to direct. 
The Vamplate is the broad piece of steel 
that is placed at the lower part of the staff 
of the spear for covering the hand, and may 
be taken off at pleasure. It sometimes 
resembles a funnel in shape, f. 23. 

Tilting Spear, broken, or broken 
tilting spear ; in blazon, implies the 
bottom part only. P. 37, f. 11. 

Timbered. See Anchor. 

Timbre, or Tymbre. According to J. 
G. Nichols in the Herald, and Gene- 
alogist is a " Crest," but C. Boutell, 
in his Heraldry, Historical and 
Popular, gives Timbre as the Ih-lin 
when placed above the shield in an 
achievement of arms. 
Heamne and Timbre are also used to express 

tho^e thiag? that are without the Escouchon 
to distinguish the Degree of Honour and 
Dignity, such as Crowns, Coronets, etc. It 
is taken iu particular for the Helmet. 

Time, The Emblem of. P. 35, f. 29. 

Tinctures. Under this term are in- 
cluded the colours used in Coat 
Armour, which are divided into three 

1st. Metals; i.e. Or, the metal gold; and 
Arjeat, Silver, the former is repi'eseuted in 
engraving by dots, the later is left quite 

2ud. Colours; Git?es, expressed iu engraving 
by perpendicular liues. Azure, by horizontal 
line 5 fro.u side to side. Sable, by horizontal 
and perpendicular lines crossing each other. 
Vert, by diagonal lines from dexter to 
the sinister. Furpure, by diagonal lines from 
sinister to dexter. Tenne, by diagonal lines 
from sinister to dexter, crossed by horizontal 
lines. Sanjuiiie, by diagonal lines from 
dexter to sinister, and from siiaister to 
dexter, crossing each other. 
3rd. Furs : Which are generally reckone<l 
to be six in number, but some writers have 
made them amount to eleven. 
Ermine : A white field, with black tufts. 
Ermines : Black field, with white tufts. 
Erniinois: A gold field, with black tufts. 
Pean : Black field, with gold tufts. 
Vair : White and Blue, represented by figures 
of small escutcheons, ranged in lines, so 
that the base argent is opposite to the top 

Couater-Vair : The same as the above, only 
the figures of escutcheons are placed base 
against base, and jjoint against point. 
Vaire en point : i'igures standing exactly one 
upon another jDoint upon flat. 
Vnire or Warrie : When the escutcheons 
forming the Vair are of more than t\vo 

Voire ancient : Represented by lines nebuly 
separated by straight lines. 
Potent : Kesenibles the head of crutches. 
Potent, Counter-potent : Also termed Cuppa, 
or Varry Cuppa. (P. 22, f. 40.) 
All these examples are on Plate 1. 
You must observe that it is not usual to 
place matal on metal, nor colour on colour. 
There are some exceptions to this rule, but 
it is considered bar! heraldry. 
Some Authors blazon the Arms of Sover- 
eigns by Planets, of Peers by Precious 
stones, etc. See Paradigm at Plate 1. 
When any beast, bird, or charge is repre- 
sented in its natural colour, it is blazoned 
proper, abbreviated ppr. 

Tines, or Tynes. Antlers upon the 
horns of a stag. In blazoning, their 
number, and tincture must be named. 

Tipped. When the ends of a truncheon, 
etc., are of a different tincture from 
the other part. P. 36, f. 16. 

TiRA. See Tiara. 

Tirret. a manacle, or handcuff. P. 
42, f. 39. 




TiRWHiT. See Lapwing, 

TiTYRUs. See Musimon. 

Toad. A small batrachian reptile. 
P. 30, f. 10. 

Tobacco Plant. P. 44, 

Tobacco Leaf, borne by Hutton. i.d. 

Tod. a Fox, borne by the name of 

ToisoN d'or. The golden fleece. P. 22, 
f. 29. 

Tomahawk. An Indian war-axe, de- 
picted as a Pole-axe. P. 37, f. 27. 

Tombs. See Monuments. 

ToMB-STOXE. P. 42, f. 53. 

Tongs. See Closing Tongs. P. 41, 
f. 23. 

ToNGYS. Langued, or tongued. 

Ton. See Tun. 

f. 31. 

A fanged tootli. 

P. 42, f. 52. 


Topaz. A precious stone, used to ex- 
press gold in blazoning by precious 

Top-BOOTS. P. 3S, f. 15. 

Tops. Also termed pla3ung tops. P. 42, 
f. 29. 

Tor, or Conical-hill. 

ToRCE, or Torse. See \\Veath. 

Torch. A flambeau, or firebrand. P. 
41, f. 47. 

ToRGANT. See Torqued. 

Torn. An ancient name for spinning 

ToRQUED. Wreathed, bowed-embowed. 
P. 30, f. 28, No. 2, and f. 55. 

Torqued. A dolphin haurient is some- 
times said to be a Dolphin Torqued. 
P. 32, f. 2. 

Torquened. The same as torqued. 

ToRTEAU, (plural Torteaux) a red 
roundle, termed in French cerises, 
cherries. P. i. By some termed 

ToRTEYs. An old term for Torteux. 

ToRTiLLE. Novved, twisted, or wreathed. 
P. 30, f. 25. 

Tortoise. Always depictcvd as. P. 30, 
f. 5, if not expressed to the contrar}-. 

Touchstone. See Flintstone. 

Tournaments, Tilts, and Justs. These 
exercises were always performed on 
horseback, (although the riders when 
both were dismounted, might con- 
tinue the combat on foot,) and were 
called Justs, because they partook of 
the nature of regular battle, or because 
the knights directed their horses 
straight at each other and Tourna- 
ments from the French "Tourner," 
because great skill was required in 


uid iiandling tlic charger. 

Single Knights tilted with each other, but 
when two parties engaged in a sort of general 
action it was termed a tournament. The 
weapons used were lances, swords, maces, 
and axes The lances were sometimes sharp, 
but more usually had a blunted head, called 
from its peculiar shape a Cronel. Combats 
fought entirely on foot are by some writers 
termed tournaments but impro^jerly. They 
were always judicial combats, fought " en 
champ c'os" with axes and daggers. 
When any knights wished to distinguish 
themselves by holding a Tournament they 
caused notice to be given that they would 
be ready at such a place to meet all comers 
in the lists, sometimes even naming how 
many courses they would run with the lance, 
and how many strokes exchange with sword 
or axe. 

Both those who gave and those who accepted 
these challenges, appeared armed cap-a-pie, 
with their Surcoats, Wreaths, Crests, Man- 
tles, Shields, and with their horses Barbed 
and Caprisoned ; their Esquires carrying 
their pennons of arms before them. 
A Knight on coming near the barriers, blew 
a horn in token of defiance, when the at- 
tendant Heralds received his name, bearings, 
and proof of his gentle blood ; though these 
l)oints were not always insisted on. This 
being settled, the champions charged each 
other from opposite ends of the lists after 
having saluted the President of the Tourney 
and the Ladies, and if either of them was 
luihorsed, lost his lance, stirrup, helmet, or 
wounded his opponents horse, he was van- 
quished; if both parties broke fairly their 
lances on each other, in the courses which 
they had agreed to run^ they parted on 
equal terms. 

Tourne. Turned towards the sinister. 

Tower and Sword. Badge of. P. 25, 
a. f. 8. 

Tower. Always depicted as P. 23, f. 
8, tmless differently blazoned. 
A Tower is said to be Masoned when the 
cement is of a different tincture from the 

Az. a fess or. betw. three Towers ar. are 
borne by Dasent of Ascott. Berks. 

TOWKR AVANT MUR. P. 23, f. I. 

Tower Breached, i.d. f. 8. 

Tower Domed, i.d. f. 12. 

Tower Inflamed, i.d. f. 12. 

Tower with Scaling ladder, i.d. f. g. 

Tower-Tripple towered chain trans- 
verse, i.d, f. II. 

Tower-Tripple towered, i.d. f. 10, and 
P. 4, f. 21. See other examples at 
plate 23. 

Towered or Turretted. Having towers 

or turrets, 
TowRE, Pynakelyd and Imbatayled, Old 

English for Tower, roof and embattle- 

Trace, Tract, or Traile, The Tressure 

is so termed by Upton. 
Trai-algar-Mldal. p. 25, f. 10. 




Tramels. a kind of shoe. See Brogue. 

Trammels. Same as the above. 

Trailing-pike, or leading staff, tasselled 
as in the armorial bearings of the 
Artillery Company, London. P. 41, 

Traits. Pieces. See P. 6, f. 24. 

Tranche. The same as Per Bend. 

Trangle. a diminutive of the fesse ; 
by some it is called a hay, by others 
a closet. 

Transfixed. Pierced through. P. 16, 
f. 17; P. 42, f. 3. 

Transfluent. Applied to water as it 
running through a bridge. P. 23, 
f. ig and 20. 

Transmuted. Counterchanged. 

Transparency, or Transparent. Painted 
in shadow. See Adumbrated. 

Transpierced. The same as Trans- 

Transposed. Reversed, or turned con- 

Transverse, Traverse, or Doublet. 
According to Guillim is a bearing 
resembling a cheveron, which issues 
from two angles of one side of the 
shield, and meets in a point about 
the middle of the other side. P. 21, 
f. 41. It may issue from either side, 
dexter or sinister, the point should be 
mentioned in the blazon. 

Traverse, or Transverse. Across the 
escutcheon horizontally. 

Traverse in Point. P. 6, f. 31. 

Traversed. Facing the sinister. 

Traversed. Lying across, as two 
sceptres in saltire, traversed by a 
sword in pale. P. 42, f. 47. 

Treble-cross Staff, or Papal-staff. 
P. 42, f. 48. 

Treble-flat-brush. P. 41, f. 42. 

Trecheur. See Tressure. 

Tree. Trees in great variety are met 
with in Coat Armour, e.g. The 
Alder, Almond, Apple. Aspen, Ash, Ban- 
yan, Beech, Birch, Box, Cedar, Cherry, 
Cocoa, Cotton, Cypress, Date, Elm, Fir, 
Haivthorn, Linden or Lime, Mahogany, 
Oak, Olive, Orange, Palm, Pear, Pine, 
Pollard-Willow, Paradise (Tree of). 
Poplar, Salix, Savin, Thorn, Walnut, 
Willoiv, Yeiv, etc. See P. 45, f. 31 to 
60, and P. 22, f. 7. 

In blazoning a Tree you must observe in 
what condition it appears, whether spread, 
or blasted; and what kind of Tree it is, 
whether bearing fruit ; if so, it is termed 
Fmcted. If a part only i^ borne, that part 
must be named as Stem, Stock, or Stump, 
Jiritnches, FruH, Leaves. The Stem, Stoek, 

or Stump, must be described, if standing, 
as " erect " ; if fallen, as "jacent " ; if torn 
up by the roots, as " eradicated" ; if shoot- 
ing forth leaves, as "sprouting," etc. P. 4o, 
f . 50 and 57. A branch with fruit is said to 
be fructed ; if with leaves only, it is termed 
a branch ; when without leaves, it is said to 
be withered, f. u8 ; if torn off, it is called 
slipped. P. 44, f. 56. A branch, if fructed, 
is always supposed to consist of four leaves. 
P. 44, f. 53. If unfructed of nine leaves, i.e. 
three slips set together on one stem. A sprig 
should have live leaves, and a slii) only 
three. P. 44, f. 52. 

Tree, Stem of, erased and sprouting. 
P. 45, f. 56. 

Tree, Stock or Stump of, snagged and 
erased, i.d. 

Tree, Stock of, jacent eradicated, i.d. 

t- 57- 
Tree, Stem of, couped, eradicated, and 

sprouting, i.d. 
Tree, Starved or Blighted, i.d. f. 58. 
Treflee. Abendtreflee, as in the arms 

of the Prince of Wales. P. 16, f. 40. 

See Rue Crown. 
Treflee of Trefoils. Semee of Trefoils 
Trefoil. Three leaved grass. P. 44, 

f. 14, No. I. Trefoil fitched. No. 2. 

Slipped and Raguled. No. 3. Treble 

slipped. No. 4. Double slipped. 

No. 5. 
Trefoil, double slipped raguled couped. 

P. 44, f. 15, No. I. Trefoil stalked, 

fixed to a twig fesseways. No. 2. 
Treille, or Trillise. A Lattice, or 

Trellis, a pattern resembling fretty, 

but always nailed at each intersection ; 

also termed TreUised clone. P. 22, 

f. 37. 
Trenchant. Cutting, or brandishing. 
Trenching Knife, as borne by Trench- 

ard. P. 41, f. 22. Same as Pruning 

Trepan. A surgical instrument. P. 42, 

f. 50. 

Tressure, or Treschur. The tressure 
passes round the field in the same 
shape as the shield. When impaled, 
it is always to be omitted on the side 
next the line of impalement. P. 31, 
f. g. It is always borne double and 
flory counterflorv as in the royal Arms 
of Scotland. "This is sometimes 
blazoned the Royal Tressure, or the 
Tressure of Scotland. P. 2, f. 43 ; 
P. 31, f. 11; P. 35' f- 16. 

Tressure Fl ^.ure. Same as Tressure. 

Tressure Flory Counterflory, on a 
bordure. P. 35' f- i^. 

Tressure Counter Flowered. Same 
as Tressure-counter-flory. 




Trestle, Tressel, or Trussel. A three 

legged stool. P. 41, f. 15. 
Tkevet, or Trivet. A circular, or 

triangular frame of iron with three 

feet. P. 41, f. 13 and 14. 
Trewyt. See Trevet. 
Tri-Archee. Triple, or Treble-Arched, 

having three arches. P. 23, f. 19 

and 20. 
Trian Aspect, In. Three quartered. See 

Aspect Trian. 
Triangle-Iron. P. 41, f. 10. 
Triangle. Cross of Triangles. P. 8, 

Triangle, In. Disposed in the form 
of a triangle. 

Triangle, Counter-Triangle, Triangled, 
or Trianglee. The same as Barry 
Indented one into the other, or Barry 
Bendy Lozengy counterchanged. P. 
2, f. 36. 

Triangular Castle. A castle with 
three towers. P. 23, f. 4. 

Triangular. Emblem of the Trinity, 
with the legend. P. 22, f. i. 

Triangular Fret. P. 42, f. 38. The 
badge of Tyrell. 

Triangular Harrow. P. 39, f. 9. 

Triangular Soldering Iron. De- 
picted as Plumbers Knife. P. 41, 

f. 19. 

Triangles-interlaced. P. 43, f. 56. 

Transmuted. Same as Counter- 

Transposed. Reversed. 

Tricking of Arms, Arms in Trick, or 
Tricked. Terms to denote a concise 
and easy method used by Herald 
Painters and Engravers in taking 
down Arms by Abbreviations. P. 2, 
f. 46. 

Tricolore, or Tricolour. The emblem 
of France, of three colours. Blue, 
White, and Red, and has been suc- 
cessively those of the French Standard 
for many centuries. 

Tricorporate. Three bodies conjoined 
to one head, as three lions Incorporate, 
or Tricorporated. P. 26, f. 17. 

Trident. A three-pronged barbed 
fork. P. 38, f. 45. _ 

Trien. Three. A Trien of fish-fretted. 
P. 32, f. 26. 

Trimells. Az. three Trimels, or Tierces 
or. tlie Arms of Warner. P. 22, 

f- 34- 
Trinacred. See Triquetra. 

Trinity. This Heraldic device which 
represents the Holy Trinity in an 
azure field was the heraldic ensign 

of the monastery of Grey Friars, 
called Christ church, in the city of 
London. It is also blazoned " The 
Triangular Emblem of the Trinity 
with the legend." The field is gener- 
ally gu. P. 22, f. I. 

Triparted. Parted into three pieces, 
applicable to the field as well as 
ordinaries and charges. A Cross Tri- 
parted. P. 7, f. 30. 

Triparted Barwise. P. 21, f. 37. 

Triparted in Bend. i.d. f. 39. 

Triparted Flory. P. 10, f. 26. 

Triple, thrice repeated. As triple 
towered. P. 23, t. 10. 

Triple Crown. See Tiara. 

Triple Plume of Feathers. Is com- 
posed of three rows, one above the 
other. P. 43, f. 40. 

Triple Towered Gate, double leaved. 
P. 23, f, 16; 

Trippant, or Tripping. A term applied 
to beasts of chase, as passant to those 
of prey. A Stag Tripping. P, 28, 

f- 43- 
Trippant Counter, or Counter Trip- 
pant. When two animals are walk- 
ing past each other in opposite direc- 
tions. P. 28, f. 5^. 

Triquetra, or Trinacria, of Sicily. Tlie 
ancient symbol of Sicily, as repre- 
sented on the gold medal for the 
Victory of Maida. Three naked legs, 
in the same form as those at P. 36, 
f. 26. 

Tristram, or Truelove Knots. See 

Triton. A Sea God. P. 35, f. u. 
Neptune with trident. 
Triton sometimes, but improperly blazoned 
Neptune, shonld be represented blowing a 
Murex (a shell), the Crest of Sykes. 

Triumphal Crown, or Garland. See 
Crown Triumphal. 

Trivet. A frame of iron with tliree 
supports. P. 41, f. 13 and 14. 

Trogodice's Head Erased. P. 29, 
f. 3. 

Trois. Ihree. 

Trompyts, or Trompyls. Old English 
for trumpets. 

Tronconne. Shivered. 

Trononne. See Tron-onne. 

Tron-onne et Demembree. Cut in 
pieces, or dismembered, 3'et tlie 
pieces are so placed as to preserve 
the outline, e.g. A Cross Trononne. 
P. 8, f. 16. 

Trout. A fish. P. 32, f. 19. 

Trowel. A tool used by bricklayers. 
P. 41, f. 30. 




Trus-Love Knot. See Knot. P. 43, 

f. 14. 
Trumpet. A wind instrument. P. 43, 

f. 22 and 23, No. 4. 
Truncated. See Trunked. 
Truncheon. A short staff. See Baton. 
Trundle. A quill of gold thread, used 
by Embroiderers, and borne in the 
arms of their Company. P. 40, No. i, 
at f. 4. Trundle, or Quill. No. 2. 
The centre figure at f. 3 is also termed 
a Trundle. 
Trunk of a Tree. See Stock. 
Trunked. When the main stock of a 
tree is borne of a different tincture 
from the branches. 

It io also used in the same sense as Cabossed._ 
Trussed. A term to express that the 
wings of birds are closed. It is an 
unnecessary term, as all birds are 
always understood to have the wings 
close to the body, if not otherwise 
expressed. P. 33, f- i, 31, etc. 
Trussel. See Trestle. 
Trussing. See Preying. 
Tub. See Tun. 

TuBB-FisH, or Tubbe. P. 32, f. 3ga. 
Tuberated, Gibbous, Knotted, or 
Swelled out, as the middle part of 
the serpent. P. 30, f. 41. 
Tuche-stone. See Touchstone. 
Tuck. A long narrow sword. 
TuDOR-RosE. Is the red rose of Lan- 
caster, and the white rose of York, 
sometimes quarterly of the two tinc- 
tures, or the red rose charged with a 
white one. See the rose under shield 
in title page, and P. 3, f. 21. 
Tulip. A tlower. P. 44, f. 21. 
Tuft. A bunch of grass, etc. 
Tufted. A term applied to the small 
bunches of hair on the Heraldic 
Tiger, Antelope, etc. P. 28, f. 19. 
Tun. a barrel ; if not named to the 
contrary is depicted in a lying po- 
sition. P. 39, f. 37, No. I. 
Tun and Bolt, or Bolt in Tun. i.d. 

f. 37, No. 2. 
Tun Erect, inflamed at the top. i.d. 

f. 38, No. I. 
Tun, Issuing from the Bunghole of a, five 
roses, stalked and leaved. P. 31, 
f. 28. 
Tunic, Tunique, or Tabard. The sur- 
coat worn by heralds and other 
officers of Arms distinguished by 
the general name of Tabard ; but the 
tabard of a King of Arms is properly 
called a Tunique ; tliat of a Herald, 
a Piacquc ; and thai worn by a Pur- 

suivant, a Coat-of-Arms. All w^ere 
alike, emblazoned with the Arms of 
the Sovereign or Noble whom the 
wearer served, and for this reason a 
surcoat was also termed ' Houce des 

Turbot. a sort of flat fish. A Turbot 
Naiant. P. 32, f. 8. A Demi Turbot, 
tail erect, crest of Lawrence, i.d. 
f. 9. 

TuRKEY-cocK. A large domestic bird. 
P. 34, f. 3. 

TuRKEY-FEATHERS, a Panachc of, borne 
b}^ the family of Harsicke, of South- 
acre, CO. Norfolk. P. 43, f. 41. 

Turks Head. See Savage. 

Turned Up. When a cap or cuff is 
supposed to be folded back so as to ^ 
show its lining it is said to be turned 
up. e.g. A Chapeau gu., turned up 
Ermine. P. 40, f. 54. 

Turnip. A plant. P. 44, f. 59. 

The Arms of Dam nxnt are sa. a turnip ppr. 
a chief or., gutte-de-hxrmes. 

Turnpike, or Turnstile, borne by Skip- 
with. P. 39, f. 40, No. 2 ; by Wool- 
ston. f. 41. 

TuRQUiNE. Azure. 

Turret, as borne in the Arms of John- 
son. P. 41, f. 43. 

Turret. A small tower on the top of 
another. P. 23, f. 10. 

Turretted, Donjonnee. Applied to a 
tower or wall having small towers 
upon it. See Castle and Tower, 
towered or turretted. P. 23, f. 2 
and 14. 

Turtle-dove. See Dove. 

Tushed. See Tusked. 

Tusked, dente. A term used in blazonry, 
w^hen the tusks of an animal are of a 
different tincture from its body. 

Twisted. Wreathed in various ways, 
as a serpent targent tail wreathed, or 
a serpent torqued. P. 30, f. 28 and 34. 

Twisting. The same as Twisted, or 
Torqued. See a Serpent Twined, 
Twisted, or Twisting; i.e. entwined, 
or turned round any thing. P. 30, 
f. 58. 

Two and One. When three charges 
are borne on a field, two in chief, 
and one in base, they are sometimes 
blazoned two and one. 
This disposition of three charges is always 
so understood, if not ordered otherwise, and 
therefore it is unnecessary to use the term 
two and one ; but if uiDre than three charges 
of the same description are borne in a tijld 
their position uiLiit be named, e.g P. 4 ), 
f. 17. Seven uuuclos c.mjoincd, or eonjiinct 




three, three and one. P. 20, f. 39. Five 
roses in saltier. P. 12, f. .3. For examples 
of three charges in a field, see P. 31, f. 3, 
and f. 30 to 35. 

Two Headed Eagle. See Eagle, dis- 
played with two heads. P. 33, f. 6. 

TwYFOiL, or Dufoil. Two leaved foil, 
shaped like those of the Trefoil. 

Tyger. See Tiger. 

Tyger and Mirror. See Tiger and 

Tymbre. See Timbre. 

Tynes. a name given to the branches 
of the horns of stags. In blazoning 
their number and tincture must be 
named ; a stag's head attired with 
ten tynes is borne by the family of 

Trying. Same as Preying. P. 33, 
f. 12. 

Tyrwhitt. a lapwing. P. 33, f. ^^, 


Ullum, as in the Arms of Lake. P. 
39, f. 42, No. 2. See also P. 32, 
f. 48. 

Ulster Badge. A shield ar., thereon 
a sinister hand apaumee, couped at 
the wrist, and erect gu. P. 31, f. 12. 
'J'his is the Badge of a Baronet of Great 
Britain. See Baronet. 

Ulster King of Arms. See Heralds 

Umbraced. The same as Vambraced. 

Umbrated. Shadowed. See Adum- 

Un cri de guerre. The War Cry, or 

Undated. Same as Waved, 

Undatvd. Used by Upton for undee. 

Unde, Undee, or Undy. The same as 
Wavy. P. 17, f. 12. 

Undulated. Wavy. 

Une Devise. The motto. 

Unfructed. Slips of laurel, bay, etc., 
consist of three leaves ; the sprig, of 
five leaves ; and the branch, of nine 
leaves ; if fructed, four leaves are 
sufficient to term it a branch. P. 44, 


Unglet. See Unguled. 

Unguled. a term ajijilied to the hoofs 
of the horse, stag, bidl, goat, etc., to 
express that they are of a different 
tincture from that of the body of the 

Unicorn. An imaginary animal, repre- 
sented as having the head, neck and 
body of a horse, the legs of a buck. 

the tail of a lion, and a long straight 
horn growing out of the middle of the 
forehead. It is well known as the 
sinister supporter of the present 
Royal Arms. P. 31, f. 11. 
Unicorn Passant. P. 27, f. 36, 

Demi Unicorn, id. f. 37. Head couped. 
f. 39. Head erased, f. 38. 
Unifoil. a plant with a single leaf, 

like a leaf of the trefoil. 
Union Flag. The National Ensign of 
Great Britain, commonly called the 
Jack, or Union Jack. 
In this Union-Flag we have three crosses, 
viz., that of St. George for England, of 8t. 
Andrew for Scotland, and St. Patrick for 
Ireland ; properly combined according to 
the rules of heraldry, as follows : On a 
field az., the cross saltier of St. Andrew ar., 
surmounted by that of St. Patrick, gu., 
over all the red cross of St. George, fimbri- 
ated of the second. P. 7, f. 21. See Elvin's 
Anecdotes of Heraldry. 

Union, Cross of the. This form was 
settled as the badge of the Union 
between England and Scotland, and 
is blazoned az., a saltire ar. sur- 
mounted of a cross gu. edged of the 

United States of America, Ensign of. 
P. 25a, f. 15. 

Universities, Arms of. See Arms of 

Upon, or Above Another. Lying upon 
it. Also the placing of Arms in pale 

Upright. Erect. Applied to all shell- 
fish instead of haurient, and to rep- 
tiles instead of rampant. 

Upsilon. The Greek Y, borne by the 
name of Clark. 

Westenius, de lingua Grsecn, lells us that 
Pythagoras invented the Y of the original 
alphabet, as a representation of the path of 
lite. The foot is said to represent infancy, 
the two forks, two paths, the one leading to 
good, the other to evil. 

Uranus, or Georgium Sidus. An astro- 
nomical sign. P. 23, f. 45. 

Urchin, or Hedgehog. P. 30, f. 11. 

Urchin Sea, or Sea-Urchin. P. 32, 
f. 49. 

Urde. According to Randle Holme, 
is the singular of Urdee, and implies 
one projection, as per bend urde. P. 
19, f. 8. A Bend Urdee. P. 17, 
f. 19. 

Urdee-Champained. p. 15, f. 20. 

Urdee. A Cross Urdee is a cross 
pointed, Champaine, or Aiguisee. 
P. 9, f. 45. 

Urdee, in point paleways. P. 21, f. 29. 

Urdee in Point, or Contrary Urdee. 
P. 21, f. 28, 




Urinant. Diving. Applied to fish 

witli the head downwards. P. 32, 

t. 12. 
Urle. See Orle. 
Urn. a vessel, usually largest in the 

middle, P. 39, f. 39, No. i. 
Urus's Head. A bull's head. 
Urvant, or Urved. Turned, or bowed 



V. This letter is used to express vert. 

Vair. One of the furs being party- 
coloured ar. and az., and always so 
understood, if not named to the con- 
trary. P. I. 

Vair Ancient. Represented by lines 
nebulee, separated by straight lines 
in fesse. P. i. 

Vair Counter, or Counter-Vair, or 
Vairy. Resembles Vair, but the 
escutcheons are of like tincture im- 
mediately under each other. P. i. 

Vair Cuppa, or Vair Tassy. Is the 
same as Potent Counter Potent. 
P. I. 

air in Point, formed like vair, but 
with the bottom points of the shield, 
falling on the centre of the flat tops 
of those beneath. P. i. 
air Taffe. Same as Cuppa. 
AIR EN pal. The same as Vair. 
airee. The same as Vair, with this 
difference that it may consist of any 
number of colours, which must be 
expressed in the blazon as Vaire erm., 
gn. and az. the Arms of Broase. 
P. I. 

AIRY, or Vaire. Same as Vair. 
AiRY-CuPY. Same as Potent Counter 
Potent. P. I. 

vLLARY Crown, or Garland. See 
Crown Vallary. P. 24, f. 17. 
ALORY Crown. Same as Preceding. 
ambraced, Vambrace, or Avant bras. 
Vambrace is armour for the arm, entirely 
covering it, but Avant bras, covering for the 
fore part only. Vambraced implies that the 
whole limb is covered with armour. P. 3G, 
f. 16, 17 and 19. 
AMPLATE. A gauntlet, or iron glove. 

P. 38, f. 17. 

AMPLATE, or Vamplet, of a Tilting 
Spear. The broad piece of steel that is 
placed at the lower part of the staff 
of the spear for covering the hand. 

AMPS, or Vampays. An odd kind of 
short hose, which came down no 

lower than the ancles. 




Vandyked. a term applied to the cuff 

or collar of a dress when indented. 

P. 36, f. 12. 
Vane, or Van. A winnowing basket. 

P. 39, f. 16. 
Vane. A small flag, as P. 23, f. 19 and 

20. See Weather-cock. 
Van NET. Escallop, so termed when 

depicted without ears. P. 42, f. 42. 
Variegated. Diversified with a variety 

of colours. 
Varriated, Warriated, or Variated. It 

is also termed Champagne, cut in the 

form of Vair. P. 17, f. 19. 
Varry Cuppe. See Cuppa. 
Varry, Varrey. Same as Vair. 
Varrey in Point. The same as per- 

fesse Urdee in point palewise. P. 21, 

f. 29. 
Varvells, Vervels, or Wervels. The 

rings attached to the ends of the 

jesses of a hawk. P. 33, f. 34. See 

Varvelled, or Vervelled. Having 

rings at the ends of the jesses of a 

hawk. P. 33, f. 34. 
Vase. See Chalice. 
Veil. A cover. P. 22, f. 15; P. 36, 

f. 30. 
Velloped. See Jelloped. 
Venus. In blazoning by planets, im- 
plies vert. 
Venus. The astronomical symbol of 

Venus is borne by Thoyts. P. 23, 

f- 45- 
Verblee. a hunting horn, edged round 

with metal of different tinctures from 

the other part. 
Verdee. See Cross Verdee. P. 8, 

f- 34- 

Verdon-Knot. The same as Harring- 
ton Knot. P. 43, f. 9. 

Verdoy. An unnecessary term used to 
denote a bordure charged with eight 
flowers, leaves, fruit, or vegetables of 
any kind. P. 13, f. 39- 

Vergette, or Verget. The same as 
an Endorse. 

Vergette. French term for Paly. 

\'ermeil, Gules. 

Verrey, or Verry. The same as \'air. 

Versant, Reclivant, or Sursuant. 
Erected, or Elevated. 

Verse, or Reverse. Reversed. 

Vert. Green; expressed in engraving 

by diagonal lines, drawn from the 

dexter chief to the sinster base. See 

terms, Emerald, Sinopie, and Veins. 

P. I. 


Vertant and Revertant, or Verted 
and Reverted. The same as Flexed 
and Reflexed ; i.e. formed like the 
letter S- 

Verules, Vires, Ferruls, or Ferrils. 
Rings of metal. 

Veruled, or Ferruled. Terms used to 
express the ornamental rings round 
hunting horns, etc. P. 43, f. 24. 

Vervelled. Hawks when the leather 
thongs which tie on the bells to their 
legs are borne flotant, with rings at 
the ends, are said to be jessed, belled, 
and vervelled. P. 33, f. 34. 

Vervels, or Wervels. Small rings used 
by Falconers, and to which the jesses 
of the hawk are fastened. 

Vested. Habited, or clothed. See an 
Arm Vested. P. 36, f. g to 13. 

Vestu. When an ordinary has some 
division on it only by lines, and sig- 
nifies clothed, as if some garment 
were laid upon it. P. 12, f. 34 and 35. 

Vexillum. See Banderoll. P. 42, f. 46. 

Victoria and Albert, The Royal 
Order of. Badge. P. 24, f, 25. 
This Order wa,s Instituted 10th February, 
1882. Enlarged 10th October, 1834; ICth 
November, 18(35 ; and 15lh March, 1880. 

The Imperial Order of the Crown 
OF India. 
Instituted 1st January, 1878, to commemor- 
ate the assumption of Her Majesty's Im- 
perial title of Empress of India. 
Madge. P. 24, f. SO. 

These two Orders are confined to Ladies, 
the Members are entitled to no special 

Victoria Cross. V.C. A Military and 
Naval Badge is a bronze cross, with 
the Royal Crest in the centre, and 
underneath which an escroll with the 
motto ''For Valour,"' Instituted by 
Queen Victoria, 8th Feb., 1856. It 
is the decoration of Eminent personal 
valour, in actual conflict with the 

The Cross P. 25, f. 11, is suspended by a 
Blue ribbon, if worn by a Sailor and a Eed 
ribbon if by a Soldier. The date of the act of 
bravery is inscribed on the centra of tl e 
reverse with the name and date of the 
Action or Campaign in which the honour 
was Avon. On the reverse side of the Bar 
to which the ribbon is attached the Kank 
and Nauje of the Kecipient is engraved. For 
every fre.^h act of bravery equal to the first 
an additional Bar is granted. A Pension of 
JilO per annum is bestowed upon non-com- 
missioned oif c-'rs, and men who iec?ive the 
Cross ; and a further pension of Xb a year 
is given with each Bar. 
By Warrant, bearing date Dec. 13th, 1858 
it was declared that Non-Military persons, 
who, as Volunteers, had borne arms against 

130 VIS 

the Mutineers in India should be considered 
eligible to receive the decoration of the 
Victoria Cross. 

Vigilant. Applicable to the cat when 
borne in a position as if upon the 
watch for prey. 

Vilainie. a lion sans vilainie is the 
upper half of a lion rampant, by 
which the hinder part is to be under- 
stood by the word vilainie, as being 
in the base point. 

Vine-branch Fructed. P.45,f. 8 ; P. 47 

Vine-slip Fructed. P. 20, f. 21. 

Vine. hook. See Pruning hook. 

Vine Leaves. P. 45, f. 8. 

Viola. The tenor violin and violoncello. 
P. 43, f. 25. 

Violet. Stalked and leaved. P. 44, 
f. 24. 

Violin, as borne in the Arms of Sweet- 
ing. P. 43, f. 25. 

Viper, or Vipera. See Snake. 

Vires. See Verules. 

Virgin and Child, depicted as P. 35, 
f. I. 

Virole. The ring or ir.outh-piece of 
the bugle-horn. 

Virolled. See Veruled. 

ViROLS. The rings which commonly 
encircle bugle-horns. 

Visard, or Vizard. A mask, borne by 
the name of Vizard. 

Viscount. Hereditary title next to an 
Earl. A Viscount is Right Honour- 
able, and is styled " My Lord." His 
sons and daughters are " Honour- 

Viscount's Coronet. P. 24, f. 45. 

Visitations. The Clarenceux and Nor- 
roy Kings of Arms were empowered 
by their commission to hold Visita- 
tions in their respective provinces, 
either personally or by deputy. 
Accordingly they were accustomed to issue 
notices to the bailiffs of the different hun- 
dreds in each county, warning them to 
suTumon the Knights, Esquires, and Gentle- 
men resident therein to ajopear befoi'e the 
King of Arms or his Deputy at the time and 
place by him appointed. They were to 
bring with them such Arms and Crests as 
they used and wore, with their descents, 
pedigrees, and patent of Arms, and the 
necessary evidence to justify them ; in order 
that the King of Arms might duly record 
them if found correct ; or on the other hand, 
to reject, and degrade all such persons as 
falsely, and without good reason had taken 
the title of Esquire and Gentleman upon 
them, and cause their names to be proclaimed 
as infamous at the Assize of Arms, or 
General Session, held by him at some cen- 
tral place in hij province. Those who failed 




to answer to this summons were warned to 
appear personally, on a day specified, before 
the Earl Marshal, under a penalty of ten 

In case of a petition to the Earl Marshal for 
a grant of Arms, an order was directed by 
him to the King of Arms of the province in 
which the petitioner resided, who accord- 
ingly formed a fitting coat, which, with the 
sanction of tlie Earl Marshal, was duly 
blazoned and registered at the Visitation. 
The King of Arms also, during his progress, 
might visit all Churches, Castles and Houses 
in his province, and there pull down or 
deface any bearings contrary to the laws of 
Arms which he might find. The records of 
these Visitations are perhaps the most com- 
prehensive of all our repositories of genea- 
logical information ; inasmuch as they con- 
tain an authoritative list of pedigrees, and 
the exact blazon of each coat as it was 
issued or confirmed by the Heralds. The 
original of these records are for the most 
part in the College of Arms; but some few 
of the originals, and copies of most of the 
others, are to be found in the Library of 
the British Museum, which, is very rich in 
Heraldic M.S.S. 

The first Visitation on record took place 
A.D. 1528, in Staffordshire, but in the 
majority of the other counties they are not 
mentioned till 1530. The last Visitation 
was held in Middlesex, 16S7. 

\'isoR. See Vizor. 

\'iUDE. Voided. 

\'iURE, Wiure, or Wyer. See Wiure. 

\'ivRE. A narrow fillet dancette, and 
may be placed in fesse or otherwise. 
P. 12, f. 28. 

\'izARD. See Visard. 

Vizor, Garde-Visure, Beaver, or Beau- 

. voir. That part of the helmet which 
defends the face, and which can be 
lifted up or put down at pleasure. A 
Helmet, with vizor raised. P. 38, 
f. 10. An Esquire's Helmet, with 
vizor down. P. 24, f. 12. 

Voided. A term applicable to any 
ordinary when the middle is removed 
so that the field is seen throuj:jh it, 
as a Cross Voided. P. 7, f. 20 ; P. 10, 
f. 29, and f. 10. P. 14, f. 8, a Pale 
\'oided. P. 15, f. II, a Chevron 

\'oiDER, or Vo5^der. An prdinary re- 
sembling a flanch, but is not so 
circular. P. 5, f. 41. 

\'oL. In blazon, implies two wings 
conjoined as P. 33, f. 26, No. 2. A 
Demi Vol is a single wing. f. 26, 
No. I. 

-Volant, or \'olans. Flying. P. 34, 
f. 60. 

\"oLAN'T Diversely. Flying about in- 
discriminately as P. 30, f. 20. 

Volant en arriere, and Volant ter- 
giant, when flying, shewing the back. 
P. 33, f. 18. 

VoLENTEs Volare, or Assorant. Is 
said of buzzards, or such like birds, 
with long legs, that are depicted as 
if rising. 

VoLUTED. Spirally curled. A Serpent 
Voluted. P. 30, f. 49. 

Vomiting. Sending forth. P. 28, f. 12; 
P. 27, f, 24. 

VoRANT, Swallowing, Devouring, or 
Gorging. Terms applied to animals, 
fish, etc., in the act of swallowing 
anything. P. 30, f. 55, and P. 32, 

f. 5. 
VoYDED. See Voided. 


VuLNERATiNG. The Same as Vulning. 
VuLNED. Wounded, and bleeding. 

P. 42, f. I. _ 

When an animal is wounded with an arrow, 

the arrow should not pierce through the 

animal ; the proper term in that case is 

Vulning. A term applied to the pelican, 

which is always depicted wounding 

her breast. P. 33, f. 37. 
Vulture. A rapacious bird. P. 33, 

f. 36. 


Wagon. A four-wheeled carriage. P. 

41, f. 52. 
Wake's Knot. P. 43, f. 10. No. 2. 
Wales, Arms of. Quarterly or. and gu. 

four Lions passant guardant counter 

changed. See Title Page. 
Wales, Badge of. A Dragon passant 

wings elevated and endorsed gu., 

upon a mount vert. P. 5, f. 21. 
Wales, Prince of. Badge of the. P. 6, 

f. 21. 
Wall embattled in bend sinister. P. 

18, f. 43. 
Walled, or 3Iurallee. Covered with a 

representation of Masonry. P. 3, 

f. II. 
Wallet. See Scrip. P. 40, f. 39. 

Wallet open. P. 40, f. 41. 
Wallet and Staff, i.d. f. 40. 
Walnut-leaf. P. 45, f- 28. 
Walnut Tree. P. 45, f. 38. 
War-Bill. The centre figure at P. 41, 

f. 22. 
War-Crie, Cri-de-guerre. See Mo^to 

and Cri-de-guerre. 

War Medals. See Medals. 


War-Wolf. Also termed a Were- Wolf, 
Wher-Wolf, or Wolf-Man, P. 30, 
f. 18. As borne by the name of 
Dickeson, or Dickison. 
Supposed to be a man living a wolf's nature 
a genus I imagine far from being extinct. 

Warden. A pear ; sometimes so called 
in armory, borne by the name of 
Warden, in allusion to the name. 

Warriated, Champagne, Urdee, etc. 
A Cross so termed. P. 9, f. 45. A 
Bend Warriated. P. 17, f. 19. 

Wassail-bowl. Same as Bowl. 

Wastel-cakes, Round cakes of bread. 
P. 39, f. 17. According to Guillim, 
the same as Torteaux. See Manchet. 

Water. There are two wa3's of repre- 
senting this in Heraldry ; anciently, 
it was symbolized by the field, or a 
portion of it being barry wavy, argent, 
and azure. P. 22, f. 15 and 16. 
It is now however frequently borne proper 
as at f. 13, and 14. 

Water-bubbles. See Bubble. 

Water-bouget, or Water-budget. A 
vessel anciently used by soldiers for the 
conveyance of water to the camp. The 
Water-budget is depicted in different 
ways, as P. 42, f. 20 to 24. The last 
is the most common. See Water bags 

Water-baCzS, or pair of Dossers. Also 
termed Water-bags, hooped together, 
and borne by the name of Banister. 
P. 42, f. 21. 

Water-cress and Leaves. P. 44, 
f. 41. 

Watrr-lizard. See Asker. 

Water-pot. A fontal, called a Scatebra, 
out of which naiads and river-gods 
are represented as pouring the waters 
of rivers, over which they are fabled 
to preside. 

WateR'Spaniel. See Spaniel. P. 29, 
f. 27. 

Water-wheel. P. 38, f. 51. 

Waterloo Medal. P. 25, f. 12. 

Watery. The same as Wavy, or 
Undee. P. 7, f. 9. 

Wattled. When the gills of a Cock, 
or Cockatrice, are of a different tinc- 
ture from the head it is said to be 

Waved. Same as Wavy. 

Waved-sword. P. 38, f. 19. 

Waves of the Sea, P, 22, f. 13. 

Wavy, or Wavee, Undee, or Undy. 
P. I. 

Wear, Weare, or Weir. A dam or 
fence against water, made with stakes 
and twi^s of osier, wattled, or inter- 

132 WHE 

woven. By some Heralds, termed a 
Haie. P. 2, f. 47. A Weir in fesse, 
borne by the name of Williams. 

Weasel. A small carnivorous quad- 
ruped. P. 30, f. 14. 

Weather-cock, or Vane, as borne in 
the arms of Fitz-Alwyn, the first 
Mayor of London. P. 43, f. 55. 

Weavers-shuttle. P. 40, f. 2. 

Wedding-favours, as borne in the 
Arms of Latter. P. 43, f. 14. 

Wedge, or Stone-bill. A tool used to 
split timber. P. 41, f. 42. 

Weel, or Fish-Weel, for catching fish. 

P. 38, f. 55- 

Fish-Weel, with handle, f. 56 and 58. The 

Weel as f. 57 is borne by the family of 

Weir. See Wear. 
Welk, Welke, Whelk, or Wilke. A 

shellfish, bcrne by the name of Shelley. 

P. 32, f. 54. 
Well. As borne by the name of Cald- 
well, P. 31, f- 19, without the Vine 

and Columbine. 
Well, with frame and handle, borne 

by Coucher. P. 39, f. 34. 
Well, with Vine and Columbine 

branches as borne by Goldwell. P. 

31, f. 19. Termed a Golden-well. 
Well-bucket, as borne by the name of 

Pemberton. P. 39, f. 35, No. i. 
Welt, or Edge. A narrow bordure. 
Welted, or Edged. Having a narrow 



Observe the 

difference between Edged and Fim- 
briated, f. 5. 

Were. An old term for Vair, or Varr3^ 

Wervels, or Varvells. See Vervels. 

Whale. A Whale haurient. P. 32, f. 3. 

Whale's head erased, i.d. f. 4. 

Wharrow - spindle. An instrument 
formerly used by women to spin with, 
whilst walking, by sticking the distaff 
in their girdles, and whirling round 
the spindle pendent to the thread. 
Borne by the name of Clinton. P. 40, 
f. 3. 

Wheat. Of frequent use in Armory, 
A wheat ear, a wheat stalk bladed 
and eared. When in a sheaf it is 
termed a Garb. P. 45, f. 13 and 14. 

Wheat Big. An old provincial term 
for Barley borne by the name of 
Bigland. P. 45, f. 16. 

Wheat Guinea, An Ear of. A kind 
of bearded wheat similar to the last, 
borne by the name of Graindorge. 
f. 16. 

Wheat-Sheaf. A Garbe, or Garb. See 


Wheel, or Cart Wheel. P. 41, f. 53. 
Demi, or lialf Avheels, are wheels 
divided pale-waj's ; three such are 
borne by the name of Wheeler. 

Wh eel-Catherine, or Katherine-wheel. 
See Catherine- Wheel and P. 41, f. 54. 

Wheel, or Fish- Wheel. See Fish- 

Wheel of a Mill. See Mill-Wheel. 

Wheel Shuttle. See Shuttle. 

Whet-herys. An old term for Wheat 

Whintain. See Quintain. 

Whips stringed and knotted. As in 
the Arms of Crowland Abbey. Also 
termed a Scourge. P. 42, f. 41. 

Whirlpool, or Gurges. Represents 
water, argent and azure, and invari- 
ably covers the whole field as P. 22, 
f. 6, borne by the name of Gorges. 
The family of Chellery bear ar, a 
whirlpool gu. 

The Whirlpool is sometimes represented by 
a number of rings one within another. 

Whistle. See Boatswain's-Whistle. 
P. 38, f. 43. 

White. A word used instead of Argent, 
for the lining of Mantles, which is of 
a pure white fur, which some call the 
livits skin. White is used in painting 
for argent, or silver. 

White Ensign, or St. George's Ensign. 
See Ensign. 

Whiting. A fish. P. 32, f. 23- 

Whittal's, or Wittal's head. A man's 
head with short horns. P. 36, f. 46. 

Wild-Boar. See Boar. 

Wild-Cat. See Cat a Mountain. 

Wild-Man. See Savage. 

Willow, or Salix. P. 45, f. 35. A 
Pollard Willow, f. 36. 

Wimble, or Wine-piercer. P. 41, f. 32. 

Windmill. P. 38, f. 49, and f. 50. 

Windmill Sails, i.d. f. 50. 

Window Grating. P. 40, f. 22. 

Windsor Herald. See Heralds College 

Wine-Piercer, or Wine-broach. An 
instrument to tap wine casks. P. 41, 

f- 32. 
Wing. A single wing is termed in 

Armory a Demi vol ; and two wings 

when endorsed are termed a Vol. 

P. 33, f. 26. 

Wings are always undertoocl to be tho.^e of 

the eagle unless named otherwise. 
Wing-Sinister. The same as demi 

vol. P. 33, f. 26. 
Wings conjoined in base, or Wings 

erect conjoined. P. 33, f. 27. 

133 WOM 

Wings conjoined in lure, or Wings 

inverted. P. 33, f. 28. 
Wings endorsed. The Dragons wings. 

P. 5, f. 21, are endorsed. 
Winged. Having wings, or adorned 

with wings as a winged heart. P. 42, 

f. 5- 

Winged Column. P. 43, f. 51. 

Winnowing Basket, or Shruttle. P. 
39, f. 16. _ 

WisALLS, or Wisomes. The leaves or 
tops of carrots, parsnips, or other 
edible roots ; are so blazoned by 
Randle Holme 

Withered Branch. Also termed a 
Starved branch. P. 45, f. 58. 

Withered Tree. Bligiited or starved, 
i.d. f. 58. ^^ 

Within. When an ordinary, or charge 
is entirely surrounded by anything, it 
is said to be within, e.g. A Saltire 
within a bordure. P. 20, f. 42. A 
Manche within an orle of fleur-de-lis. 

P. 5, f- 37- 
Wittal's head. A man's head witli 

short horns, couped below the 

shoulders. P. 36, f. 46. 

WiURE, W3-er, Viure, and Viurie. A 
narrow fillet, generally net u'y, it may 
be placed in bend, in fesse, or other- 
wise. P. 4, f. 17. P. 22, f. 35. 

WiVRE, or Vivre. A Diminutive of the 
dancette. See Vivre, 

Wivern, Wiveron, or Wyvern. An 
imaginary animal, the upper part 
resembling what is called a Dragon ; 
wit'n two legs ; and the lower, a ser-' 
pent. P. 27, f. II. 

Wivern, tail nowed. i.d. f. 12. 

Wivern, sans wings, i.d. f. 13. 

Wivern, sans legs. i.d. f. 14. 

Wivern's Head Couped. P. 27, f. 25. 

Wolf-Heraldic. P. 28, f. 8. 

Wolf. i.d. f. 9. 

Wolf-sejant, i.d. f. 10. 

\\'o'-.f's Head Erased, i.d. f. 11. 

Wolf, Marine. The seal. P. 29, f. 51. 

Wolf-trap. P. 41, f. 4. 

Wolf-were, or Wolf-man. See War- 

Woman. Woman's head, and demi- 
woman ; also blazoned by the term 


A woman's head and neck when couped 
below the breast, the head wreathed with a 
g-arland of roses, and crowned with lui 
antique crown is always blazoned a maiden's 
heal. P. 2i, f. 21. Waaa thj hiir is d.-- 
picted as loosely flowing, it is termed dis- 



bevelled ; as the Crest of Ellis, viz,, a 

woman naked, her hair dishevelled ppr. P. 

35, f. (!. See a^.so term Lady. 
Woman's Breast, distilling drops of 

milk. P. 43, f. 34. 

Borne by the name of Dodge and Piddock. 
Wood, or Hurst. A small group of 

trees. P. 45, f. 60. 
Wood-bill, Wood-hook, or Forest-bill. 

P. 41, f, 22. 
Woodbine. The same as Honeysuckle. 

P. 45, f. I. 
Woodbine Leaf. P. 45, f. 27. 
Woodcock. A bird of passage. P. 34, 

f. 48. 

\\'00D-L0USE. P. 30, f. 7. 

\\'ooDMAN. The same as Wild-man, 
or Savage. P. 35, f. 24. 

WooDMARTiN. See Martin. 

Woodpecker. A bird. P. 33, f. 45. 

W'OOD-PIGEON. P. 34, f, 39. 

WooDwiFT. A wild man, or savage. 
P. 35, f. 24. 

Wool-card. An instrument for card- 
ing wool. P. 40, f. 10. 

Wool-comb, or Jersey Comb. P. 40, 
f. 12. 

\\'ooL-PACK, or Wool-sack. P. 40, f. ig. 

Wool-pack, corded, i.d. f. 20. 

Words. Are used as charges in many 
Coats of Arms. e.g. Netherlands in 
the Arms of Jones, Bart. Trafalgar 
in the Arms of Collingwood. Orthes, 
in those of Harvey, etc. 

Wound. A term used by Bossewell, to 
express the roundle when tinctured 

Wounded. See Vulned. 

WoYDYD. Same as voided. 

Woydyrs. Old term for four quarters. 

Wrapped, Wrapt, Enwrapped, or En- 
veloped. The same as Entwined. 

Wreath, Torse, or Torce. Is a garland, 
chaplct, or attire for the head. 
The wreath, upon which the Crest is placed, 
is of silk, composed of two different tinctures 
twisted together, and showing six folds,, 
three of each tincture, and the tinctures of 
the wreath are with few exceptions, those 
firit mentioned in blazoning the coat of 
arms. The Wreath is placed between the hel- 
met and the crest which are fastened together 
by it. P. 47. In some instances crowns or coro- 
netssupi^ly theplaceof the wreath, P. 21, f. 21, 
but Crests are always understood to be 
placed upon a wreath, when not ordered to 
be borne upon a Crown, Coronet, Cap, or 
Chapeau. When a wreath composed of silk, 
is placed round the temples of a man, it 
should have two bows with strings at the 
sini.iter end. P. 3n, f. 37. 

V\'reath Circular. As borne in tlie 
Arms of Jocelyn. P. 43, f. 45. 

Wreathed. Enc'rcled with a wreath ; 
as a head wreathed. P. 36, f. 37. 
Savages are frequently wroathed about the 
tc-m^jics and loins with oak leaves, ivy, etc., 
but laurel leaves are always understood if 
not mentioned to the contrary. A Demi 
Savage wreathed about the loins. P. 35, f. 
25. Ordinaries are sometimes wreathed, as 
a Fes .e wreathed or tortile gules and azure. 
P. 3, f. 28. 

Wren. A small insessorial bird. P. 

Wrestling-collar, as borne by the 
family of Gurney, co. Norfolk. P. 43, 
f. 43. 

Wrincle-shell. See Welk. 

Wyn. a vane, or little flag. P. 23, 
f. ig and 20. 

Wyvern. See Wivern. 

Wyvre. a viper. 


Y. See Upsilon. 

Yard, or Yard-measure. Depicted as 
a round rod, with divisions of measure- 
ment marked thereon. P. 41, f. 41. 

Yare. See Weir, and P. 2, f. 47. 

Yarn, Quill of. See Quill. 

Yates. An old term for Gates. 

Yellow. Used in painting, instead of 

Yeoman. The degree below that of 
Gentleman, and above that of Artificer, 
or labourer. 

Yew-Tree. p. 45, f. 47. 

Ynde, or Inde. Azure. 

Yoke, or Ox-Yoke. P. 37, f. 57 ; also 
termed a Double Ox-Yoke. 

York-Herald. See Herald's College. 

York, Rose of. A white rose. P. 25, 
f. 2. 

Yorkist Badge and Collar, formed of 
Suns and Roses, linked together with 
chains. The White Lion Badge is 
generally attached to the Collar, and 
forms a pendant to it. 

YssuiNGE. Issuing. 


Zodiac The Zone of the celestial 
sphere. A bend sinister, with the 
three signs of Libra, Leo and Scorpio 
upon it. P. 18, f. 26. A Fesse Zodiac, 
or Hemisphere. P. 3, f. 2g. 

ZuLE, or Zulis. A chess-rook. P. 43, 
f. 4g. 

Errata to Plates. 

p. vi. q.v. for quad read quod 
PL I. Line 33, for Sardonix read Sar- 
,, 3. No. 23, /or Fruille read Feuille 
,, 4. No. 2, for Recouise read Re- 

No. g, for Grice read Griece 
,, 6. No. 13, for Fimberiated read 

No. 20, after Piles add Wav}^ 
,, 13. No. 21, line 5 after ar. ii Crest 
,, 18. No. I ^, for Gi'ice read Gv'iece 
,, ig. A'o. 8, after Point add Urde 

PI. 22. A^o. 15,/^;' arranyedr^fli arrayed 
,, 24, No. 22, /or Knight's r^ai Knight 
,, 26. A^o. 8, /o;' Cone read Coue 

A/'o. 34, /or guard, read reguard 
,, 29. A^o. 25, /or Mastaff /Trtfl? Mastiff 
,, 33. No. 46, for Phesant read Phea- 
,, 35. N'o. 23,/)r Joustiug r^ii Jousting 
,, 36. No. 22, for Spear read Spur 
,, 38. No. 8, for Habergon read Haber- 
,, 40. A''o. Sg, for Tara read Tiara 

Addenda and Corrigenda to the Dictionary 


6 2nd col., line \7, for shot read short 
10 Line ^i, for Combant read Com- 
13 2nd col., line 8, for insigna read 


ig Line 49, after witti add m 

2nd col., line 52, after Blanch-Lyon 
add anciently 

22 2nd col., line 4g, /or Gardbras read 

23 Line 35, /or Habergon, read Haber- 

2nd col., for Gaminiverous read 
26 Line 5;^, for fn read in 

30 Line 24 and line 2)0,fjr Lable read 

31 2Hd col., line 31, for Clone read 

33 Line 20, for Tan read Tau 

37 2nd col., line -^froni th: bottom, for as 
read at 

38 2nd col., line 2^, for Tan read Tau 

39 2nd col., line 22, for Cooped read 

42 2nd col., line i, for quadrant read 

64 2nd col., 6 lines from bottom, for 
ground read ground 

66 Line 25, for and read as 
73 2nd col., line ^^, for Hospitallars 
read Hospitallers, and add at the 
end of the Article the following, viz.: On 
the I ith March, 1889, Her Majesty 
the Queen was graciously pleased 

to allow the Members and Honor- 
ary Associates of this Order in 
England to wear generally the 
Insignia of their respective grades 
in the said Order, as provided for 
in the Royal Charter of Incorpo- 
ration of the 14th May, 1888 
P. 75 2nd col., line 30, for Insigna read 

,, 80 2nd col., line 2^, for huadred read 

,, 84 Line II, for Dovetailed read Dove- 

2nd col., line 47, /or Sejant Dexter. 
Paw raised, read Sejant. Dexter 
paw raised 

,, 85 Line 53, /or Ouadranglar read 

,, 88 2nd col., line 6, for derived read 

2nd col., line 21, for pretence read 

2nd col., line 26, for Funeral read 

Line 21, for Norry read Norroy 
2nd col., line 2^, for Subordinaries 
read Diminutives 
2nd col., line 16, for Aarm read 

2nd col., 10 lines from bottom, for 
runnnig read running 
Line iS, for Solon read Solan 
Line 34, for privelege read privi- 
Line 2^, for gn. read gu. 

>> 93 
n 94 

,, 105 





/- -i 


Alexander, C. W., East Dereham. 

Allen, E. G., 28, Henrietta Street, Covent Garden, London, W.C. 

Alpe, Mrs. John Bird, Gressenhall. 

Amherst, Wm. Amhurst Tyssen, M.P., Didlington Hall, Norfolk. 

Anthony, Charles, Jun., The Elms, Hereford. 

Archer, Thomas, 120, Long iVcre, London. 

Armstrong, Rev. B. J., M.A., East Dereham. 

Arnold, Rev. H. J. L., M.A., East Dereham. 

AsTLEY, John, Stoneleigh Terrace, Queen's Road, Coventry. 

Ayres, F. H., Alexander Road, Beccles, Suffolk. 

Bacon, Nicholas H., Raveningham Hall, Norfolk. 

Bacon, James, Attleborough, Norfolk. 

Bagnall, J., Water Orton, near Birmingham. 

Baker, P. C, 112, Wardour Street, London. 

Bambridge, Rev. Joseph John, Karachi, Sindh, India. 

Banyard, Mrs. Fletcher Beckham, East Dereham. 

Barton, Everard W., Warstone House, Bewdley. 

Batton, Charles, 17, York Parade, Northampton. 

Benham, Rev. Canon W., B.D., F.S.A., 32, Finsbury Square, London. 

Bethell, William, Rise Park, Hull. 

Biggs, Charles E. F. Mouat, Abbey Row, Malmesbury, Wilts. 

Birch-Wyrley, Wyr^ley, Benbow House, Shrewsbury. 

BoiLEAU, Sir Francis, G. M., Bart., Ketteringham Park, Norfolk. 

Bowles, Charles E. B., Ashton Lodge, Derby. 

Boyle, Colonel R. E., 6, Sumner Terrace, Onslow Square, London. 

Brown, W. H., East Dereham. 6 copies. 

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BuLWER, Brigadier-General W. E. G. L., Quebec Hall, East Dereham. 

Burke, H. Farnham, Somerset Herald, College of Arms, London. 

Burnard, Robert, 3, Hillsborough, Plymouth. 

Catling, Captain Robert, Needham Hall, Wisbeach. 

Chapman, George, 51, Coney Street, York. 

Coles, T. Horsman, 76, Westbourne Terrace, Hyde Park, London, 

Collett, Rev. Edward, M.A., The Parsonage, Bishopsgate, London. 

Colman, J. J., M.P., Carrow House, Norwich. 

CoNDER, Edward, Junr., Chase Cross, Romford, Essex. 

CooDE, Edward, Polapit Tamar, Launceston. 

Cooper, James, East Dereham {dec.) 

Cooper, Messrs., hi, Long Acre, London, 

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Count, Frederick William, East Dereham. 

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Hales, J. B. T., The Lower Close, Norwich. 

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Halliday, Mrs., West View, Torquay, and Glenthorn, Lynton, North Devon. 

Hammerton, Thomas Moy, Avon Villa, Lower Sydenham, Kent. 

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Harcourt, Bosworth Walter, 39, St. Giles', Norwich. 

Harland, Messrs., Merton, Surrey. 

Harrison, E. G., Elvin Terrrce, East Dereham. 

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HoLDEN, Adam, 48, Church Street, Liverpool. 

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Jessopp, Rev. A., D.D., Scarning Rectory, East Dereham. 

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Kimball, C. P. S' Co., Wabash Ave and Harrison Street, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.A. 
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Lacon, Sir Edmund, B.K., Bart., Dunstan Hall, Norfolk. 

Ladyman, J. H., Fern Hill, Eaton, Norwich, (dec.) 

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Library of the Corporation of the City of London, Guildhall, London. 

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PicTON, Sir J. A., Sandyknowe, Wavertree, Liverpool. 

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PuRSEV, O., High Street, East Dereham. 

Raven, Rev. Canon J. J., D.D., Fressingfield Vicarage, Harleston. 

Ravenscroft, Francis, Birkbeck Bank, London, W.C. 

Readio, Wm. C, M.A., L.L.B., The Cedars, Haverstraw, N.Y., U.S.A. 

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Richardson, Wm. Ridley, M.A., Trin. Coll., Camb., Shortlands, Bromley, Kent. 

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