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Robertson's Latin Phrase Book having 
been long out of print and become scarce, many 
eminent teachers of the classics have expressed a 
desire to see a new and improved edition. That 
there was ample room for improvement is obvi- 
ous on the slightest inspection of the old work. 
The English is obsolete, the arrangement confused, 
the order of printing such as to render it difficult 
for consultation or reference, the redundancies so 
numerous as to increase most unnecessarily and 
seriously the bulk of the volume, and much of the 
Latin drawn from barbarous sources. It has been 
the aim of the present editor to remedy these 
evils, and to render the work better adapted to 
the use of the Middle and Upper classes in our 

It is a peculiarity in this Phrase Book that it com- 
prehends all previous publications on the subject : 
but the present edition has this advantage over its 


predecessors, that it is enriched with many hun- 
dred phrases which have hitherto been unrecorded, 
and these have been drawn from the purest foun- 
tains, by actual perusal ; from CicerOy Tacitus^ Te- 
rence, Plautus, &c. 

Thus, while the sizeof the volume has been use- 
fully diminished, its capacity for reference has 
been increased, and its value for purity consider- 
ably enhanced. 

But while the editor is calling public attention 
to improvements already made, he would not be 
thought insensible to the necessity of future im- 
provements, and will thankfully receive such ani- 
madversions as may render another edition still 
more useful. 

The increasing attention paid to Latin Composition 
renders works of this description more important ; 
and by the Lexicon Ciceronianum oiNizolius, and this 
improved edition of Robertson, the access to Latin 
peculiarities is made more easy and sure ; for if 
correct Latinity were only to be acquired by an 
extensive and deep acquaintance ^ith the various 
works of classic authors, it would be absolutely un- 
attainable by any one in statu pupillayi, and could 
scarcely be taught in our schools. 




A., OR An before a vowel, is an 
indefinite article ^ usually put be/ore 
appellative or common nouns; chiefly 
in the nominative case singular: as, 
A man J hoiuo : An angel, ange- 
lus.— A, coming after a verb of mo- 
tion, is put for the first supine, or 
a participle in rus, or gerund in dum : 
as, I go a. hunting; eo venatuni, eo 
venaturus, or, eo ad venandum : He 
goes z fishing ; vadit piscatum, pisca- 
turus, ad piscandum, &c. — A or an 
is used also to express time: as. 
They are a day in talking ; dum gar- 
riunt, dies est : They are a year in 
combing; dum comuntur, annus est: 
He is an hour in telling these things ; 
haec dum dicit, abiit hora ; Ter. Once 
a year, Apollo smiles ; semel in anno, 
ridet Apollo ; Hor. Twice a day, they 
both count their cattle ; bis die nurae- 
rant ambo pecus ; Virg. — A or an, in 
distributive speeches, is used for Each, 
or Every ; singulus, unusquisqne : as, 
He sets down twelve aa'es a man; 
duodena in singulos jugera describit ; 
Liv. So much a. foot; in pedem ; Cic. 
Twice a year ; in singulis annis, bis j 

To ABANDON, renuntiare, amo- 
vere, amandare, remittere, Sjcc. : as. To 
abaqdon one's friendship; amicitiam 
alicui renuntiare ; Cic. He has aban- 
doned virtue ; nuntium virtuti re- 
raisit ; Cic. He has abandoned, or re- 
nounced, all civil offices, or employ- 
ments ; civilibus omnibus officiis renun- 


tiavit. / abandon my province; pro- 
vinciam remitto. To abandon one whose 
reputation is attacked; dimicanti de 
fama deesse; Cic. 

To Abandon, or forsake utterly ; 
abdicare, abjicere, deserere, derelin- 
quere, abnegare, repudiate, rejioere, re- 
pellere ; nullo modo agnoscere ; pro sue 
non habere, aut, non agnoscere ; pro 
derelicto habere. To abandon or give 
oneself up ; se dedere. He abandoned 
himself to despair; spem penitus abje- 
cit. Abandoned to despair; destitutus 
spe ; Liv. Having abandoned the 
love of life ; projecto lucis amore. A- 
bandoned in character; perditus, flagi- 
tiosus. The most profligate and aban- 
doned of mortals; omnium mortalium 
profligatissimus ac perditissimus ; Cic. 
homo flagitiosissimus ; Cic. To aban- 
don oneself; capessere se praecipitera 
ad malos mores. 

To ABASE, or vilify ; abjicere, de- 
primere, obscurare, extenuate aliquem; 
derogate, detrahere alicui, 

^n Abasement, abasing and vilify- 
ing, or undervaluing ; imminutio, ab- 
jectio, extenuatio, detractio, depressio, 
obscuratio alicujus; dignitatis alicujus 
obscuratio, et ab umni laude exclusio, 

To Aba^e himself; abjicere, i. e. 
parvi aestiniare, se ; to set little by, or 
make no account of himself ; Cic. fVill 
you so far abase yourself'/ sic te ab- 
jicies et prosternes ? Cic. I do not far 
shase myself ; non tantum raihi derogo. 

2 AB - AB 

To ABASH ; i. e. to make ashamed; compendium redigere, conferre ad cora- 

pudefacere ; pudore aliquem afiicere, pendium ; Plaut. 

sulFunderej iu pudorem, ruboreni, dare. To ABDICATE; abdicarc magistra- 

cogere ; pudorem, ruborem, incatere, turn ; Sail, abdicare se magistratu ; 

injicere alicui ; ignominia, dedecore dictatura ; Liv. — consulatu, libertate, 

notare ; sensu dedecoris afiicere. He tutela ; Cic. 

said that two things had abashed him; To ABET ; incitare, concitare, in- 
dixit duas res ei rubori fuisse ; Liv. stigare ^ propugnare -^ impellere ; sup- 
To 6e Abashed; i. e. to beas^am- petias ferre ; ab aliquo stare; asse- 
ed; veheraenter, ingenue, niodeste, rere, vindicare; sese adjutorem dare, 
verecundari,' erubescere ; ingenwitatis An Abettok, partaker, or encou' 
«peciem prae se ferre ; conscientia faci- rager, of a man, or of any thing; a 
noris commoveri ad verecuodiam ; pu- consiliis ; particeps, socius, adjutor^ 
dorem, ruborem contrahere ; pudore, defensor, horlator, suasor, incitator j 
rubore, alBci, sufFundi ; modestia cir- conscius, sociatus communione, per- 
cumfundi; vultuui pudenter, pudibunde son3B,.scil. vel, rei, alieujus. 
demittere. / am obliged to be the partaker and 

To ABATE ; I. e. to dimvnisb; dU Abettor of thisivar ; hujus belli ego 

niinuere, imminuere. To abate ia ac- particeps et socius et adjutor esse 

counts; subdilcere. cogor; Cic. Obs- Cicero uses adjutor 

To A BATE somewliat qf the whole 6f either with a genitive or dative: ad- 

the money, sum, reckoning, or pay- jutor honori alicujus. He declares 

tnent ; detrahere, vel reraittere, de ca- that he will abet him in that ; se ad 

pite, vel, ex pecunia ; Cic. De nu- earn rem profitetur adjutorem ; Caes. 

mero, summa, rationibus, debito, de- To abet, encourage, or stir np the 

ducere, minuere, imminuere, auferre soldiers against one; incitare ujilite» 

aliquid ; subtrahere, adimere, abjicere ; in aliquem ; Cic. 

aliquam partem decurtare. Totum non To Abet, encourage, or push for- 

exigere, poscere, postulare : minus ac- ward, one who is ready enough of him- 

cjpere quam debeam : suramara mi- self ; incitare currentera ; Cic. 

norem facere : partem de solido demere ; To ABHOR ; abhorrere ; detestari ; 

&c. fastidire ; animum aHenissinium ba- 

1 cannot Abate a penny of this ; bere, et abhorrere, ab aliqua re ; rem 

nummus abesse hinc non potest; ~animo magnopere aversari, aspernari, 

Plaut. When interest is abated, the abominari, et tanquam auspicium ma- 

value and rent of lands rise muiih ; lum, aut ut pestem refugere ; odisse 

foenore diminuto, plurimum agrorum cane pejus et angue ; &c. Aliquem, 

pretiis accessit ; Suet. vel aliquid, repudiare, respuere, re- 

Wilhout any Abatement; sine jk-ere, dedignari; alieno admodum 

uila deductione ; Sen. I do not com- esse anirao in aliquem; refugere efe 

plain of the abatement of the tri- abhorrere ab alicujus societate, con- 

bute, or taxes; non queror diminu- sortio, &c. 

tionem vectigalium ; Cic. To Abhor, or loathe, studies ; ab- 

To Abate the charges of the city; borrere a studiis. To abhor tnar- 

sumius civitatis minuere ; Cic. To riage, or to have no mind to marry ; 

abate something of his right ; paulu- abhorrere ab uxore. 

lum ,de suo jure decedere; Cic. TTe Abhor ; i. e. utterly dislike^ 

To Abate, or cool, one^s courage ; that aistom ; consuetudo ha^c a no- 

reprimere vel percellere animum ; ton- bis abhorret. 

dere cristas. To abate one's power; He utterly Abhors such a vil- 

refringere vim. To abate (neutr.) ; im- lany ; penitus abhorret hoc facinus ab 

minul, decrescere. illo ; Cic. 

The heats Abate, or are abated j / Abhor, loathe, and am afraid to 

aestus defervescunt. declare; S^c. refugit animus, abhorret 

His sickness began to Abate; atque reformidat dicere, narrare, &c. 

levior morbus esse coepit; Cic. Love He Athwrs and loathes you so much; 

abates by degrees; paulatim declinat animus ejus adeo ate alienus est, etab- 

amor ; Ov. horret. 

To ABBREVIATE J contrahere, in He Abhors, or cannoi emdwrCy 


iither to hear «r think of trifles; ab- 
iiorret auris ejus, et animus, a nugis. 
He has taken a great abhierrence 
or loathing of wine; ingens illam vini 

Memnius Abhors Latin studies; 
Meiunitts, literarum latmaraju est fasti- 

Thetf did tttl Abhob and fiij from 
him as a monstrous and pestilential 
beast ; omnes, ut imraanem et pernicio- 
saiw bestiara pestemque, fagiebant ; 

To fly the sight, loathe thename, and 
AbiioIi the remembrance, of such aone ; 
alicujus aspectual oculis fugere, no- 
men auribus fastidire, memoriam animo 
abhorrere, execrari ; &c. Cic. The 
errors, faultn, or failings, of my age^ 
did so much afflict and grieve me, that 
I abbor to ihink or hear thereof; 
tantum niihi dolorem, crucialumque, 
a ttulerunt errata »tatis mea3 ; ut, non 
solum animus, sed et aufes, a comme- 
nioratione abhorreant, I hate and 
abhor nothing worse than swme's 
flesh ; nihil aeque odi nee ablvorreo 
atque caroes suiilas. Which thing I 
abhor ; a qua re, semper abhorrui. 
/ tcoxtld have all honest men, so to ab- 
hor and detest such wicked wretches ; 
viros velim ouines honestos, adeo detes- 
tari hujusmodi flagitiosos. 

They are such abominable tnonsters, 
and so much to be Ajjhorred; adeo 
«unt aborainanda porteuta, adeoque 

Such a thing, or person, is car^ulhj 
to be avoided, and its, or his, fa- 
miliar use, society, 4)r converse, to be 
Abhorred as monstrous; huic, tan- 
<}uara piaculo, abstinendum, ejusque 
familiaris usus abominandus, atque 
consortium, ut nionstrosum quodvis, 
abhorrendum. But no good and honest 
men are to be loathed or abhorred ; 
but, by all friendly means, rather, to be 
encouraged and cherislied; nulli vero 
yiri boni,'virtuteque prajditi, sunt ab- 
horrendi, aut detestandi ; sed, in gre- 
mium potius, recipiendi, auiplectendi, 
amiceque fovendi. 

To ABIDE; comraorari,permanere, 
perdurare : persistere. 

To Abide in one or the same place ; 
jn eodera loco nianere, subsidere, im- 
morad, diutius versari, subsistere, hae- 
rece, residere, haesitare, niorari ; eidem 
loco adbsBrere, adliierescere. Eundem 

AB 3 

tenere, -obtinere, servare, co^servare, 
locum. Nusquam, non alio discessit, 
recessit, migravit, transiit, abivit. Nus- 
quam pedem, Pedem, sedero, bacu- 
lum, alieubi figere. 

He Abides most in the country; 
ruri fere se continet. You are as fixed 
where you abide, as Sisyphus is tj the 
wheel; tu affixus ubi es, ut rotse Sisy- 
phus. He did abide in a tavern; in- 
cubabat tabemam quandam. Tlie em- 
met, or ant, in winter abides at 
home, and stirs no where abroad; 
domi manet formica, hyeme, ncc us- 
quam prorepit. Theseus abides, and 
evi'r will continue, wretched and miser- 
able; sedet, aetemuraque sedebit infe- 
lix Theseus. He abides or keeps S9 
much at home, as if he were afraid to 
go beyond the stabies; domi fixus est 
adeo, quasi non procul a stabulis aude- 
ret discedere. 

Not to Abide ; i. e. to hate, or not to 
endure; odio habere, abhorrere ab, 
regre ferre, perpeti, sustinere. 

He cannot Abide me ; ille aversissi- 
mo, in rae, animo est ; me male odit. 
/ cannot abide to do that; *istud 
£Egre est mibi facere. I cannot abide 
to see you so dainty ; delicias tuas ferre 
non possum. He cannot abide him 
out of his sight ; ilium in oculis fert. 
He cannot abide a wife ; abborret 
a re uxoria. Ko body can abide 
him ; terrae odium arabulat. Tlie /o- 
tker cannot abide the son ; odio, pa- 
renti, filius est ; Ter. I perceive they 
cannot abide any of us; invisos nos 
oranes, esse illis, sentio. He could not 
abide to take pains; laboris impa- 
tiens erat. He could not abide, thit, 
Sfc. : pati non potiiit, -ut, vel quod, &c. 
No man was uhle to abide him; 
nemo posset hunc perpeti. / shall not 
abide to be present ; non possum ad- 
esse. I will never abide it ; non pa- 
tiar, non ferara, non sinam. It does, 
and it will, abide fixed; firmum et 
stabile permansum est, et permanebjf. 
If you abide but the first charge ; 
priraam si coitionem sustinueris. 

To Abide at home, or in the coxm- 
try, or at Rome, ^c. ; abdere se rus, 
vel domum ; Ter. domi se tenere ; 
Romae, aut alieubi, commorari, tardare, 
residere ; manere in tabernaculo ; im 
villa residere. 

To Abide in the same opinion; in 
eadera sententia commorari, hserere- 

4 AB 

To Abide, i. e. to suffer^ or endure, 
gi'eat pains or griefs ; sustinere, pati, 
ferre, dolores, et cruciatus, graves, im- 
iiiodicos, acerbos, incredibiles, et qui 
vix ferri possint ; cruciatibus angi, 
confici, toTqueri, vexari, frangi, oppri- 
mj ; curis et aegritudine macerari, conta- 

ABJECT ; (/oM7, mean) abjectus, 
conto\)ptus, nihili, vilis, nullo innume- 
ro. j4 It abject sou/; animus abjectior : 
(or with a genitive) abjectiores anirai j 
Liv. nomine abjectissinius j Cic. 

ABILITY, or, pouter; vires, facul- 
tas, efficiendi vis, potentia, efficacia, ro- 
bur : as, Every one to do according to his 
ability ; metiri se quemque, suo mo- 
dulo, pede, sua facultate et efficacia. 

Ability, i. e. riches ; opes, facul- 
tates, divitiae, &c. : as, He is of the 
ability of a gentleinan; implet fa- 
cultates equestris ordinis. To appoint 
funerals according to their ability ; 
prjefinire sumptus funerum, ex propriis 
censibus. Of what ability is he? 
quanto valet annuo censu, reditu ? A 
man of ability may do what he 
pleases; cum dives quis cxistat, facile, 
quod vult, agit j ]>oterUes potenter 

Able, or powerful ; potens, valens ; 
aptus, idoneus : i. e. strong ; validus, 
robustus : i. e. rich and wealthy ; 
dives, opulentus : skilful ; solers, ex- 
pertus. To be able j valere, posse ; 
queo ; Sal. potesse, apud comico^ ; 
\ habere potestatem, facultatem, vim, 
vires ; potens esse ; viribus valere ad 
aliquid agendum. 

As far as J am Able ; quod, vel 
quoad, queo ; pro virili tuea parte. As 
they were able to get fodder ; ut pa- 
buli facultas erat. She was able to 
do it of herself; potuit ipsa per sese ; 
Cic. He is scarcely able to hold his 
eyes open; vix sustinct paipobras. 
fVhich one sJiall seldom be able to 
liave; cujus rarissiiiia erit occasio. / 
helped as far as I teas able ; jjro 
niea parte adjuvi j Cic. / am able 
to allow it ; est niihi unde liac fiant. 
He is more lioeral than he is ivell 
able ; benignior est quam res patitur. 
Jf you be able ; si modo possis. He 
withstood them as well as he was able ; 
quoad potuit restilit ; Cic. He was so 
able a man ; ita bonis viribus fuit ; 
Cic. Able to rtde himself; sui com- 
pos. That you may be able to bear your 


pains ; ut suppetas doloribus ; llor, 
Not Able: as. Not able to take 
pains ; intolerans laborum. He was not 
able to speak a word more ; vox eum de- 
fecit; Cic. vox faucibus heesit ; Virg. 
We were so poor we were not able 
to do it ; non sivit egestas facere nos ; 
Ter. / am not able to walk ; pedi- 
bus ire non queo ; Flaut. I am not 
able to pay ; solvendo non sum ; 
Cic. He is not able to bear so great 
an envy ; tarn magnae non est par invi- 
diae. / am afraid he tcill not be able 
to stand to him; metuo ut substet; 
Ter. He owes more than he is able 
to pay ; animam debet ; Ter. He is 
not able to resolve upon any thing; 
cui parata est ne gutta quidem certi 
consilii. Not able to bear retire- 
ment; impatiens secreti. 

suffer abortion ; aborlum facere : to 
cause; inferre. An abortive attempt ; 
negotiuni infeliciter susceptuni, quod 
iuccessu caret, quod cedit in vanum. 

ABOVE; in place; super, supra: 
Above, and below, on every side 1 am, 
oppressed ; hinc atque hinc, super sub- 
terque, premor angustiis ; Plant. He 
placed them above himself; super se 
eos collocavit. We use to cut them 
above the ground ; supra terram 
praecidere soiemus. Atticus sat above 
me, Vetrius below me; supra me Atti- 
cus, infra Verrius, accubuerunt ; Cic. 
They fought above and beneath tite 
ground ; pugnatum est super subterque 
terras ; Liv. Above the moon, all 
ifwigs are incon-uptible and everlast- 
ing ; supra lunam, incorruptibilia sunt 
omnia et aeterna ; Cic. It is a foot 
and a half above the ground ; extat e 
terra sesquipede. Above ground ; \n 

'Tis scarcely Above the knees ; 
vix genua superat ; Liv. He sits 
above his master at table ; superior 
quam herus accurabit ; Plant. 

Above ; or, higher ; superior, prior, 
major : as, Ccesar could not bear to 
have one above him; Caesar prio- 
rem ferre non potuit. There is none 
above you, in degree or honor ; ne- 
minem babes honoris gradu superio- 
rem ; Cic. His liberality is above 
his ability ; major est benignitas ejus, 
quam facultates ; Cic. or, benignitas 
ejus est supra facultates ejus. A good 
name is above, or better than, wealth; 


bona eestimatio divitiis praestatj Cic. 
In arts, it is doubtful^ whether this or 
tk(it is above the ether; artibus in 
dubit) est, lijec sit an ilia prior ; Ovid. 

H^ is Above these things ; elatiori 
est anirao, ut ea agat, A virgin beau- 
tiful above tlie rest; virgo formosa 
ante alias. He loved him above the 
rest ; araabat eum praj casteris. 

Above ; i. e, more, or^ longer than ; 
ifc. plus, aniplius, niagis q«ara ; su- 
per, supra, &C. : 05, Above an hour ; 
hora aniplius, Tfiough he had above 
« hundred citizens ; qui cum araplius 
centum cives haberet ; Cic. There were 
above tiDo thousand men killed that 
■day ; borainum eo die caesa plus duo" 
raillia ; Li v. When he had been ill 
above a 'year ; quum plus annum 
seger fuissetj Liv. They fought above 
^wo hours ; pugnatuni est amplius dua- 
t)us horis ; Liv. amplius quatuor boras, 
C&sar dixit. He was ^nev-er at Rome 
above three days; neque unquam 
Romas plus triduo fuitj Cic. Above 
thirty years old; plus annis trigin- 
ta natus ; Plaut, Not above a 
foot high; pede non altior uno ; Ju- 
ven. Cicero also said, annos natus 
magis quadraglnta ; and Tacitus, super 
octingentos annos ; Celsus, supra quin- 
quagies ; Suetonius, super raille ; and, 
super triginta ducibus triumpbos decer- 
nendos curavit; and Petron, Satyr, 
•Septuaginta et supra^ 

Above ; viz. beyond, more tlian ; 
ultra, praiter, supra: as, We have in- 
■dulged ourselves, above what was 
right ; ultra nobis, quam oportebat, in- 
dulsiniusj Quint. Above his strength; 
ultra, vel, supra, vires ; Ju(v. He minds 
none of these things much above the 
rest ; borum ille nihil prseter caetera 
studebat ; Ter. Above what every 
one will believe; supra quara cuique 
credibile est ; Sal, 

Above ; more than that, beside, or, 
over and above ; insuper ; ad, extra, 
super bsec ; as, Over and above these 
mischiefs; ad hsc mala; Ter. Over 
and above, or beside the prey, there 
ioere four thousand that yielded them- 
selves ; extra praedara, quatuor millia 
deditorura habiti ; Liv. 3Iore than, 
or, besides, or over and above his 
other villanies ;. super caetera ejus fla- 
gitia; Suet. 

Above what was stipulated; insuper 
quam quae pacta erant. 

Above, j /or, upward ; sursum : as, 

Because that all smells are carried up' 
wards, the nostrils are rightly -placed 
above, or upwards; nares, eo quod 
omnis odor ad superiora fertur, recte 
sursum sunt ; Cic. de Nat. Deor. — and 
thus, from, is often before above, 
and it has generally no casual word of" 
ter it; and then, From above, is, su- 
perne, desuper : as. He feared he should 
be set upon from above ; ne superne 
incesseretur, timuerat ; Curt. They 
fought from above, out of carts or 
waggons ; desuper, e plaustris pugna- 
runt ; Flor. and so in Virgil ; unde 
superne, plurimus Eridani per sylvam 
volvitur amnis ; ^n. vi. 

Te ABOUND ; abundare, supera- 
bundare, redundare,exuberare; scatere, 
scaturire j suppetere ; superesse j sn- 
perfluere ; circumfluere, profluere : as, 
*To abound in great plenty, to have 
great store of, fyc; supra raodum quip- 
piam possidere ; copiam habere mag- 
nam et luculentara alicujus rei. Nam, 
latine, dici potest, Abundare, seu afflu- 
ere tam^jonis, quam malis. 

To Abound in necessaries; neces- 
sariis, rebus necessariis, abundare, afflu- 
ere, circumfluere. 

/ Abound in all the necessaries of 
life; quidquid est, quo vita carere non 
debeat, nusquam est uberius, copiosins. 
Omnia raihi quae sunt opus, seu, quibus 
est opus, affluunt, profluunt,scaturiunt, 
redundant ; abunde, abundanter, uher- 
tim, uberrime, profuse, afiiuenter, satis 
superque, copiose, afFatim, large, largi- 
ter, locupletissirae suppetunt ; cumula- 
tim, cumulatissime adsunt ; plena do- 
nantur, suppeditantur manu. Eorum 
quibus usus quotidianus, nihil abest, 
deest ; copia fruor ; satietas me tenet ; 
abundantia mihi est, aflfluentia, efflores- 
cens sylva, ubertas summa, et pleno 
copia cornu. lis, quae ad tuendam vi- 
tara necessario spectant, conferunt, con- 
ducunt, nil, nihil, deficit. lis, frigus 
quae duramque faraera depellere pos- 
sint, curaulatum, et exubeiantem me 
esse fateor. Earum rerum copia est, 
quae sunt necessariae ; et, queis huraa- 
na sibi doleat natura negatis. Omnia 
quae ad victura cultumque pertinent, 
quasi virgula, ut aiunt, Divina, suppe- 
ditantur. Res necessariae ad volunta- 
tem fluunt, earuraque in abundantia me 
vivere, lubenter agnosco. 

When choler Abounds, diseases 
grow; redundante bile, Jinorbi nas- 
cuntur. When I saiv men abounding 

6 AB 

in these things ; quum viderem homi- 
nes, his rebus, circumfluentes. To 
abound in com ; abundare copia 
frumenti. To abound in learning 
and wit ; abundare doctrina, eruditio- 
ne, et ingenio. To abound in great 
honors; abundare honoribus atnplissi- 
mis. To abound in pi'aises ; abun- 
dare laudibus. To abound in, or to 
have muchf and to be full of, mirth or 
gladness, leisure, money, wisdom, Sfc ; 
abundare gaudio seu Istitia, otio, pe- 
cunia, sapientia, &c. To abound in, 
or to he full of, wickedness and vices ; 
abundare nequitia et vitiis. To a- 
bound in eloquence, or, to he very 
eloquent ; abundare opibus fandi ; &c, 

ABUNDANCE ; i. e. jtlenty of, ^c. 
abundantia, copia, ubertas, affluentia, 
niuititudo, plenitudo, s^lva, satietas, 
&c. : as, * There is abundance of 
fruit this year; annus hie abundat, 
seu, exuberat fructibus. Abundance 
of leaves ; of straw, and fodder ; luxu- 
ria folioruni ; straminis et pabuli affa- 
tim. Corn with abundance of ears; 
scges uberibus et crebris spicis. There 
is too great abundance of this; 
hujus rei superabundantia, seu copia 
niniia, suppetit. A man of abun- 
dance of knowledge, or of great learn- 
ing ; abundant! doctrina, scientia, aut 
eruditionc homo ; Cic. Here is abun- 
dance of good cheer ; pins satis hie 
est deliciarum. Here is such abun- 
dance, as out of it you may have 
nhat you please; haec est ilia cornu- 
copia, ubi inest quicquid velis. We 
have abundance of precedents q/* this 
kind ; hujusmodi ohruiinur exemplis, 
(juocunque oculos, quocunque animos 
c«»nvertimus nostros. / come now to 
abundance of matter ; in vastuni, 
iinmensuin mare jam descendo. He 
had abundance of matter in his 
discourse ; mira orationis uberta'te lux- 

Abuj}dantly; ex abundant! ; Quin- 
til. abundc, abundanter, ubertini, co- 
piosc, uberrime, affluentcr, satis super- 
quc, &c. : as, *The fruits of the earth 
are abundantly given to us; terras 
fructus, seu, foetus, satis superque pro- 
funduntur nobis. He is abundantly 
thankful to every one; cuniulatissime 
gratiam reddere solet omnibus. 1 1 funk 
I have abundantly satisfied him ; 
puto me afl'atim ex satisfecisse. IVe 
/are abundantly on the best and 


choicest provisions ; optinie, atque opi- 
pare vivimus ; Plaut. 

ABOUT; circa, circura, circiter, &c. 
as, About the king; circa regem. 
They possessed themselves of the towns 
about Capua ; urbes circa Capuam 
occupabant ; Cic. He had his dogs 
about him ; canes suos circa se ha- 
bebat ; Ter. A feiv that ivere about 
her; paucje qucc circum illara essent ; 
Ter. They had their winter quarters 
about Aquileia ; circum Aquiieiam 
hyemabant; Cses. Your heifer's mind 
is about the green fields; circa vi- 
rentes, est animus, tuae, carapos, juven- 
cai ; Hor. 

About, is also sometimes expressed 
by, ad, apud ; in, &c. : as. About 
ten thou^^and ; ad decern miilia. About 
tvhich time ; ad quae tempora. About 
sun-set ; ad solis occasuni. // he he 
about the market, I shall meet with 
him ; si apud forum est, conveniani 
eum ; Ter. About the bottom of the 
page ; quasi in extrema pagina ; Cic. 

About, signifies within the compass, 
or, in some part, of: as. They set up 
their abode, about the island Lesbus ; 
sedem cepere, circa Lesbum insulam. 

About, with no casual word, of per- 
son, or place after it, but put adverbi- 
ally, is circa, and circumcirca : as. 
All places, round about, are fallen 
off; ciTca, omnia defecerunt ; Liv. / 
began to view the countries, round 
about ; cepi, regiones circumcirca, 
prospicere ; Cic. Your damages, fel- 
low soldiers, shall be repaired with the 
spoil of all the people round about, 
who have revolted ; damna vestra, mi- 
lites, omnium circa, qui defecerunt, 
populorum prada, sarcienlur. ' / wish 
that, ichen you could, you would come 
see our walks, and all things round 
about ; nostram ambulationem, et ea, 
quae circa sunt, veiim, cum poteris, 
invisas ; Cic. 

About, (with words of time ; for) 
well nigh, at, almost; circa, circiter, 
sub, ad ; praep. : as. Return back 
hither about noon ; redito hue circi- 
ter meridiem ; Plaut. About break 
of day ; circa lucis ortum, vel, sub ip- 
sum diei ortum ; Cic. Curt. About 
the same time ; sub idem tempus, Ta- 
cit. Let me know about what time 
I may expect you ; ad quae tempora tc 
expectem, facias me certiorem velim ; 
Cic. They are seen only about that 

AB AB 7 

month ; nee ampHus, quam circa eum per : as, About these things are 

mensem, visuntur j Plin. divers opinions ; varia circa hrec opinio j 

About ; tvilh words of numbery or Plin. / came to you yesterday about 

Pleasure ; circiter, ad, quasi, plus mi- your daughter ; adii te heri, de filia ; 

nus, fere, instar : as, About seventy ; Ter. / will write to you about that 

instar septuaginta. About forty ajfair; bac super re scri bam ad te ; Cic. 

pounds; quasi quadraginta rainae. A- There is much controversy about the 

bout seven o'cZocA; ; bora quasi septic age of Homer and Hesiod ; super dstate 

nia; Suet. About ten o'clock at Homeri et Hesiodi non consentitur ; 

wig-Af; circiter horain noctis decimam J Geli. 3. 11. 

Cic. About thirty days; dies plus About, signiftjitig, ready to do, is 

minus triginta. They made about rendered by the future in rus, of the 

fifteen days' journey ; ita dies circiter verb following: as, The day following 

quindecira, iter fecerunt; Cass. About he was about to visit Rome; postero 

fifteen men assented to Curio ; homines die, Romara erat invisurus. Being 

ad quiadecim Gurioni assenserunt. / about to fight his last battle; ulti- 

received your letters about the fifth mum suum proelium initurus ; Val* 

mile ; accepi luas literas ad quintum Max. He was about to receive the 

miiliare ; Cic. At the jirst^ about government of his city ; civitatis suse 

two legions of the soldiers who fought imperium obtenturus erat ; Caes. 

at Cannes, were given ; initio, milites Abovt, is also sometimes part of the 

Cannenses dati duatum instar legio- signification of the foregoing verb, and 

num ; Liv. then is included in the Latin of the 

About, also, in this sense, is some- verb ; as. To go about a thi7ig ; co- 
times, in Latin, expressed by chca, and nari, moliri, aggredi ; accingere se ad 
fere : as. About ten thousand Per- agendum aliquid, &c. Cic. To bnng 
sians and Arabians were killed ; ceci- about ; efficere ; effectum dare, red« 
dere Persarum Arabumque, circa decern dere ; Ter. Wherefore, at our request, - 
millia ; Curt. 1. 4. About the same do you go about that affair, and 
hour the day after; postridie eadem employ convenient time in it; quamo- 
fere bora ; Cic. A boy about six- brem aggredere, quaesuraus, et sume ad 
teen years of age ; puer annorum circa banc rem tempus ; Cic. What are you 
sexdecim; Petron. About nine o'clock; about? quid paras? Virg. Whitt 
hora fere nona ; Cic. And sometimes is he about to do? Quid hie ceptat? 
also by, praterpropter : as, About Ter. See now ivhat business he is 
fifty years ago; ante annos, praeter- about; hoc vide quod inceptet faci- 
propler, quinquaginta. It is certain, nus ; Ter. / knoio what you are 
that Cadmus was in Greece, 150 years, about to do; scio quid conere ; Ter. 
or thereabouts, before the Pelasgi I pray you mind ivhat you are about j 
came into Italy ; certum est, Cadraum, hoc agite amabo ; Ter. 
centum quinquaginta annis, aut praeter- About, with some English of the 
propter, fuisse in Graecia, ante Pelas- verb sum, 05, / am, you are, 8fc. is 
gorum, in Italiam, adventum. put for a verb importing one's being 

About, with words of measure, and employed in doing any thing : as, lam 

signifying the same, or nigh, almost, about business; rem, jam ago, seri- 

near upon, more or less than that mea- am. — and thu^, sometimes, about is 

sui'€ ; is in Latin, instar, quasi : as, 'put alone, the verb being understood : 

How little seems the siai to us ! to tne, as. You are long enough about that 

it seems about a foot long ; quantu- business ; diu es in hoc negotio ; satis 

lus sol nobis videtur? mibi quidera, diu hoc ^axum volvisti ; Ter. See that 

quasi pedalis ; Cic. 4. Acad. It is you have your wits about you ; fac ut 

about four fingers long ; instar qua- apud te fies ; Ter. You had need to 

tuor est digitorura. About five bush- have all your wits about you; inge- 

els ; instar quinque modiorum. — and nium omne tuum, opus est, in numera- 

in this sense, Peti'onius uses Ytlnsminus: to, or, in promptu, te habere. You 

as, I hare jugs, about as big as urns; do not go about the bush ; nihil cir- 

babeo scyphos, urnales, plus minus. cuitione usus es ; Ter. 

About, signifying of, or concern- Miscellaneous phrases. — Much a- 

ing, is rendered by circa, de, and su- bout f^e same time; iisdem fermc 



<liebus; Curt. The place is fenced 
round about; locus uiidique, vel, cir- 
cuiuquaque, undequaque, septus est j 
Cic. He spent it before « year was 
gone about j non toto verteiite anno 
absuinpsit; Suet. Calig. c. 37. He 
came from about Rome ; veuit a llo- 
nia : vide Turselin. de Partid. c. 1. obs. 
8. He turns, w it is turned, round 
about ; flectilur in g^Tum ; Ovid. 
He takes ker about the middle; 
niediain mulierera coniplectitur ; Ter. 
Why go you about to destroy your- 
se{f'/ cur is te perditum? Ter. This 
way is not so far about ; hac multo 
proprior ibis ; I'er. To go about to 
take up arms, or a war^ ^c, capesse- 
re arma, bellum. To go about to 
take a city, or take a journey to a city ; 
capessere urbem aliquam. To be 
about to give himself up to lewdness ; 
capessere, dedere, se praecipitera, in 
malos mores ; Piaut. It is easy for 
Mm to go about mischief ; flagitiis 
capessendis, facilis est j Tacit, To be 
about to flee ; capessere fugara ; Liv. 
To go about to do or execute one^s 
will; capessere imperia vel jussa ali- 
c«jus J Cic. / am now about to 
eat ; paro jam capessere cibum. He 
goes about tlmt against his will; 
aggreditur hoc invitus. To go about 
a good cause ; causara aggredi bonam. 
To be about to speak or plead; ag- 
gredi ad dicendum, et dicere ; Cic. 

To ABRIDGE, or shorten, abbre- 
viare, contrahere, arctare, coarctare ; 
paucis coniprehendere : ««, To a- 
bridge, or shorten one's journey ; 
contrahere iter alicujus. To abridge, 
or shorten the time of a feast ; contra- 
here teiupus epularura. To abridge, 
or shorten a discourse ; contrahere vela 
oratibnis. Studies iti old age sJwuld 
be more abridged than in youth ; 
studia, in senectute, debent esse con- 
tractiora, quam in juventute ; &c. To 
abridge, or shorten a matter; chic- 
ly, in a discourse or treatise ; Sfc. Res 
disperse, diffuse, dictas, late scriptas, 
htissime" patentcs ; dicta sparsim, fusi- 
us, latain materiam ; in compendium, 
in arctum, angustum, colligere, paucis 
coraprc'hendere ; in unum quasi mani- 
pulum contrahere, uno fasce, fascicule, 
brevitor, et perdiligenter, coraplecti, ad 
cerla capita, genera, deducere, reduce- 
rc ; in sumniani, epitomen, compendi- 
um, redigere, summatim ezponere ; ra- 


tione, et distrlbutione, sub uno aspectil 
ponere, ad certum numerum, paucita* 
temque revocare, in parvum locum ad- 
ducere, concludere. Ex ing^ntij ini- 
mensoque campo in exiguuni gyrum 
compellere. Rerum suramas tantum et 
capita strictim persequi, paucissimis 
perstringere. To abridge, or con- 
tract many particulars into few heads ; 
multa in pauca conferre, contrahere. 
To abridge or abbreviate the gene- 
ral history, into the short account of 
things transacted; rerum gestarum 
suramam texere, contexere, &c. 

An Abridgement, or abbreviation 
of a discourse, or writing ; epitome, 
compendium, synopsis, sumniarium, 
commentariolus, summa negotii. An- 
gusta, contracta, succincta rerum nar- 
ratio. Praecipua rerum capita. Sum- 
ma rerum facies. Brevis, et breviter, 
circumscripta rerum narratio. Pressa, 
compeiidiaria, concisa, rei latioris, seu 
amplioris, contractio. To cause an 
abridgement of, or to keep one straitened 
of his liberty ; coercere, in ordinem 
redigere aliquem. 

I will make an Abridgement o/, 
or, I will briefly declare, the whole 
matter; percurram rem totam brevi. 
Paucis verbis exponam. Summatim 
rem exponam. Quam brevissime potero 

ABROAD J from home ; in the open 
air ; ions, sub dio, in publico, or, in 
aperto, &c. as, * They are abroad ; 
foris sunt; Ter. They often sup a- 
broad ; foris saepe ccenant. To lie 
abroad all night; pernoctare in pub- 
lico ; Cic. There must be a fit place 
taken abroad ; idoneus sub dio su- 
mendus locus. There is no day so bad, 
but that something may be done a- 
broad ; nuUus dies adeo intolerabilis, 
quo non sub dio moliri aliquid possis ; 
Col, — or, but tliat some are^ or may 
be abroad ; quin, in eo, quidam, 
foris, et sub dio, sint, vel, esse possint. 
To move abroad ; i. e. from within, 
or into the open air ; foras, in publicum, 
in apertum. As; 

To go Abroad ; foras ire, exire, am- 
bulare, prorepere, migrare, Domo, ex 
aedibus, prodire, abire, egredi ; educere 
vel proruere se. Domo oederc, foribus, 
tectis, excedere. Tecta, limen, limina, 
relinquere. — He took me by myself 
abroad with him; me solum, secum, 
seduxit foras. To go abroad, or ou( 


of doors ; in publicum prodire. Such 
a report goes abroad ; ea fama vaga- 
tur ; V^irg. / know you do not come 
abroad ; scio te in publicum non pro- 
dire. It is not my desire, that you 
should publish that work abroad ; 
hoc opus in apertuin ut proferas nihil 
postuio. He comes abroad ; prodit, 
procedit in mediuuu These things must 
by no means be talked of abroad ; 
hajc nullo pacto divulganda sunt ; Cic. 

Abroad ; i. e. here and there ; in 
many places, all about, 8fc. ; vage, late, 
passiin, fusira, diffusini, dispersini, un- 
dique ; &c. : as, To scatter abroad, 
or all over, the fields, Hie house, the 
street, SfC. passim, fusiui,&c. per agros, 
donmm, plateam, &c. dispcrgere. 

Abroad; i. e. before all men ; vul- 
go, in propatulo ; as. That is talked 
of, and known all abroad ; id vulgo 
dicitur, et notum est omnibus ; in pro- 
patulo vulgatum est ; rumor iste vulgo 
fertur, spargitur, &c. 

Abroad, or from abroad ; i. e. 
from foreign parts; or abroad, i. e. in 
foreign parts ; peregrc : as, He is, stays, 
or is gone, abroad ; est, moratur, 
abiit, peregre. He is returned from 
abroad; i. e. from foreign parts ; per- 
egre, venit, rediit, &c. 

To set Abroad ; i. e, to publish ; 
vulgare, publicare, edere, promulgare, 
divulgare : as, To make any thing 
known abroad ; vulgo notum quid 
facere, divulgare. There are so many 
tales abroad, that one can scarcely 
know what to believe ; tot divulgantur, 
circumteruntur, fabulze, mendacia, ut 
vix sciat quis quid credendum sit. 

To ABROGATE ; i. e. tomakevoid, 
or disannul ; abrogare, antiquare, abo- 
lere, tollere ; delere, evertere, rescinde- 
re, revocare, irritum reddere, &c. To 
abrogate, i. e. to rescind and make 
void a law ; abrogare legem. You 
have abrogated the law; legem an- 
tiquastis ; Cic. 

To be ABSENT; abesse, abfore, 
deesse ; desiderari : as, * You have 
been long absent ; duriuscule, dure 
admodum abfuisti. He was so long ab- 
sent ; taradiu aberat. 

To Absent Ai/nse//; abesse, abdere 
se. Praesentera se non sistere. Non 
coraparere, apparere* Vocatus non 
respondit. Ubi expectabatur, quo vo- 
cavit officium, non adfuit ; loco absti- 
nuit se. Urbera deseruit, rureque se 
con tine t. 

AB 9 

Wlien I was Absent, / longed to 
see my friends ; absentem me, diutinum 
torsit amicorum desiderium. When he 
had been absent two or three days; 
quum is unum jam et alterum diem de- 
sideraretur. / have been absent near 
half a year ; jam sex ferme menses ab- 
fui. To be absent a very great way 
from any place ; abesse longe gentium ; 

To ABSOLVE ; i. e. to acquit; ab- 
solvere, liberare, solvere ; eximere, &c. : 
as, * To absolve in judgment ; re- 
um absolvere, a culpa expedire ; judi- 
cio, criuiine, liberare, solvere, a poena 
exiluere ; innocentem, insontem pro- 
nunciare, declarare. Ex reis eximere, 
innocentes calaniitate prohibere, e me- 
dio supplicio impunitos dimiltere, om- 
nibus suppliciis liberare. Literam »a- 
lutarem scribere. Immunitatem,impu- 
nitatem, aficui concedere. Vindicias 
sibi ipsi dare. Liberum indemnem, aa- 
serere. In integrum aliquemrestituere. 
Sententiis, suffragiis, aliquem a culpa 
liberum promulgare. 

To Absolve, or, declare pure and 
innocent, or free from guilt ; niveis 
lapillis absolvere culpa reos. He did 
absolve, or, thought him not guilty, 
of such a crime ; indignura crimine 

To be Ansoi^vEJi in judgment ; om- 
nium sententiis, omnibus suffragiis, cal- 
culis absolvi. Ex judicio indemnis, im- 
pune, impunitus evadere, elabi, emer- 
gere, in integrum restitui. Ex judici- 
orum laqueis expedire se, periculis exi- 
mere se. Magnis judiciorum pericu- 
lis defungi. Magnis criminibus delabi. 

ABSOLUTE, exquisite, or perfect ; 
plane absolutus, perfectus ; omnibus 
partibus, numeris completus ; exquisi- 
tus, accuratus, expolitus, limatus, ad fi- 
nem perductus. 

To have Absolute power ; omnia 

To ABSTAIN, or r^ruin /row; ab- 
stinere, temperare, avertere, continere, 
cohibere. Rejicere, repellere, aliquid : 
as, * To abstain from pleasures; 
lenociniis, a lenociniis voluptatum ab- 
stinere, abstinere se. Ab esca malorum 
devoranda, a consueta libidine animum, 
se, cohibuit, continuit, inhibuit, repres- 
sit, revocavit, coercuit, sevocavit, com- 
pescuit. A voluptatibus temperare, 
temperare se. Voluptatisinvitamenta, 
illecebras, blanditias, blandimenta, de- 
clinare, avers^ri, repellere, tanquara 



saxa et scopulos, eiFugere, evitare, de- 
vitare. He hath abstained from all 
kind of pleasures ; interdixit sibi om- 
ni genere deliciarum. He abstains 
from pleasures ; voluptatum amcenitates 
aspematur, rejicit, et severissime con- 
temnit ; omnem stiavitatem sensibus 
cxcludit ; voluptatibus bellum indicit. 
' And so he has given a rare and am, ex- 
cellent proof of his abstinence ; atque 
ita rarum edidit et egregiuiu temperan- 
tiae specimen. 

AssTAiNiNG/rom tvine^ andwemen ; 
nequevino deditus, neque Veneri. All 
unlauful pleasures are to be abstained 
Jromj and forsaken ; ad unanr om- 
nes illicitae sunt oniittendaa volupta- 
tea ; delectationis illicitag studia reliu- 
qnenda sunt omnia. 

To Abstain /rom meat ; cibo absti- 
nere. Ventri bellum indicere. Frau- 
<iare, defraudare suum genium^ j^j"" 
nare, jejunia sibi crebra, frequentia in- 
dicere. Multa injedia, jejunando sae- 
|)ius macerare, conficere se ; maciem, 
inarcorcm, languorem, debilitateni con- 
trahere. He did abstain from, or did 
tat nothing of the meat set b^ore him; 
appositis abstinet ora cibis. To ab- 
stain from theft and robbery ; raanus 
ahstinere, reprimere, ab alienis pecuniis. 
Alienum nihil ad prajdam rapere. He 
is a man of the greatest abstinence 
or temperance ; homo est abstinentia 
Themistoclea, summa. To abstain /ro/« 
iloing himself mischief; abstinere a 
4cipso uianus ; Cic. To abstain from 
coming abroad ; abstinere publico. 
To abstain from, or leave off" war ; 
abstinere aruiis. Abstain from an- 
ger ; Abstitieto irarum ; Hor. / can 
gcarciiy abstain from doing this; vix 
abstineo quo minus hoc faciam. To 
abstain from chiding; abstinere jur- 

ABSURD ; i. e. foolish, unreasona- 
ble, Sfc; absurdus, importunus,alienus: 
very absurd; |)erabsurdus : somewhat 
absurd ; subabsurdus. An absurd- 
ity or foolishness; ab«urditas. Ra- 
tion! dissonum et dissentaneum, mi- 
nirac consentaneum. As, * That which 
is absurd, is against reason, and is 
contrary to the common sense or senti- 
ment of all mankind; quod absurd um 
est, ratione vacat, et a sensu omnium 
communi, et mente, abhorret. That is 
go absurd, that it has not the least 
TSSitnblance to truth; hoc adeo est 


absurdum, ut nullam veri speclera, aut 
similitudinem habeat, nee prae se ferat. 
Reason does not allow, approve, grant, 
or suffer, that which is absurd, and 
contrary to good sense ; ratio non cou- 
cedit, nee patitur quod est absurdum, 
et sensum nullum habet bonum. But 
now, how incredible and absurd a thing 
is that ! jam vero quam incredibile, 
quam absurdum istud est ! Cic. quam 
rationi dissonum, et dissentaneum ! Do 
not you see a great absurdity ? a 
very likely matter J nonne vides came- 
lura saltantem ? It is an absurd thing 
for one to dispute about wine before he 
taste it, or with a dry palate ; absur- 
dum est, sicco palato, de quaestione vi- 
nosa disputare. 

To ABUSE ; abuti ; lasdere, malefa- 
cere, violare, vitiare, injuriam snferre, 
&c. As; "^To abuse any one's pa- 
tience; patientia alicujus abuti. To 
abuse his own right, to his own pre- 
judice ; abuti jure suo, in sui-ipsius 
injuriam. To abuse that precious 
time, which is given us to spend well, 
or to use aright; abuti pretioso hoc 
tempore, quod nobis est concessum, ut 
eo bene utamur, et ut illud laudabili- 
ter impendamus. To abuse, or mis- 
spend his pains in any thing ; operam 
(for it also has the accus.) abuti in re 
aliqua ; Tor. operam et oleum perdeie. 
To Abuse, i. e. to misuse, or mis- 
employ ; or also, to use or employ (/or, 
sometimes, ahuior is put for utor) hie 
strength ; abuti vim suam ; Lucret. 

To Abuse ; i. e. misapply or cor- 
rupt, Sfc. Abuti; i. e. pervertere quid, 
depravare,corrumpere rectum reiusum ; 
invertere ; ad alienum, malum, profa- 
num, usum, finem, convertere , appli- 
care, detorquere. 

An Abuse, disorder, or ill custom; 
abusus ; i. e. impia, perversa, corrupta 
consuetude ; mos malus, pra\ itas. That 
abuse had grown so great that they 
were obliged to complain to the senate ; 
excessit res ad publicam queriinoniam. 
To ACCEPT ; accipere, suscipere, 
&c. As ; * To accept of a thing ; 
quid, aliquid, rem aliquam, amplecti, 
approbare, laudare, avide accipere, H- 
benter admittere. 

//e Accepts my requests and peti- 
tions ; postulata et petitiones suscipit. 
To Accept of kindly ; gratum etac- 
ceptum habere ; in bonam, optiraam 
parteni accipere ; libenter, perhwnani- 


tcr, aequa mente, vultu hilari et benig- 
no, laeta fronte, aninio libentissimo, 
grato et benevolo accipere, surama 
animi propensione, et voluptate, ara- 
plecti complecti. Obviis raanibus ex- 

Such as it is, Accept of it in good 
part ; quale, quale est, boni consulite. 
Accept of, or receive it, with a plea- 
sant countenance ; accipepacato vultu. 

Not to Accept kindly ; severiofe, 
tetrico, tiistique, vultu, aiiimo parura 
propitio, minus aequo, iniquiore, quae 
oblata sunt, gravatim, aegre, adraittere. 
To accept ojf, or receive an apology, 
or an excuse ; a repulse, or denial, Sfc. ; 
accipere excusationem, repulsam, &c. 

To Accept o/, i. e. to allow, and ap' 
prove a laiv proposed, or one's opinion ; 
accipere rogationem legis, vel, senten- 
tiam alicujus. 

Acceptable, or welcome to a man ; 
aeceptas, gratus, jucundus, probatis- 
simus, &c. alicui : as. Your coming 
is most acceptable to us ; adventus 
tuus exoptatissimus, et deijideratissimus 
est nobis, summanique secura singulis 
jucunditatem adfert. 

An ACCESS ; accessus, aditus, ad- 
niissio, aditio. To have access to 
any one's presence ; aditum ad aliqiiem 
habere ; potestatera, copiam conveni- 
endi aliquem habere. Ad congressum, 
colloquium alicujus admitii, pervenire. 
Sermone alicujus, aditu ad aliquem non 
prohiberi. Adire manum. — coram data 
copia fandi. To give access ; potes- 
tatem sui facere. No man can have 
access to him; nemo ad eum acce- 
dere, aspirarc, potest. Let me have 
access to your library; faxis mihi 
libri tui pateant. It is difficidt to have 
nearer access to the truth, in such 
high matters ; vix obviam est, in hujus- 
modi rebus arduis, ad veritatera propius 

To ACCOMPANY, comitari, comi- 
tare, concoraitari, sociare, associare, con- 
sotiare, aliquem ; deducere aliquem in 
via ; sectari, assectari, sequi, subsequi. 
Alicui se viae comitera adjungere, so- 
cium itineris se dare, praebere. 

He Accompanies him ; se illi co- 
mitem exhibet. Many accompanied 
him home ; frequentes eum deduxerunt 
domum. Pride usually accompanies 
jiromoiion ; superbia comitari solet ho- 

To ACCOMPLISH ; finite, absol- 



vera, conficere, peragere, exequi j oon- 
sumraare, complere, adimplere. 

To Accomplish one^s purposes or 
designs ; institula, cogitata perficere j 
Cic. incepta complere, finire ; de- 
terminata exequi. To accomplish a 
thing, and bring it to an end ; complere 
aliquid, et ad exrturn perducere '; Cic. 
To a(complish one's vow, or vows; 
voti fidem solvere, vota preestare. To 
have one's desire or desires accom- 
plished; votis frui ; voti, vel voto 
damnare ; voti sui sumraam consequi. 
To accomplish one's destiny, decease, 
fate, or death; zetatis suae fata ini- 
plere, fata sua complere, vel, ad exitum 
perducere, aut, exitu defungi. He wilt . 
accomplish that which I please; fa- 
ciet, exequetur, id quo delector. When 
he, or they, had accomplished those 
days; peractis hisce diebus. When 
seventy years were accomplished ; 
completis, adirapletis septuaginta annis ; 
vel, ubi implebuntur 70 anni. 

An Accomplished person or man, 
art, work; consummatus, consnmmata 
ars ; Mart, opus absolutum ; Plin. 

To Accomplish one's promise; i. e. 
to make it good, to perform it ; promis- 
sum iraplere, absolvere, persolvere, per- 
ficere, praestare ; proraissi summam com- 
plere ; Plin. Cic. Ter. fidem exsolvere ; 
Cic. The days were accomplished ; 
completi, impleti sunt dies. He has ' 
accomplished my desire ; votura meiini 
implevit ; Curt. Thou shalt accom- 
plish my intention; tu facies volun- 
tatem meara. To accomplish one's 
commands; alicujus jussa, non modo 
capessere, sed et perficere. 

ACCORD ; concordia, consensio, 

There is very great force in the Ac- 
cord of good men ; Cic. maxima vis 
est in consensu bonorum. The ac- 
cord of all nations is to be accounted 
the law of nature; omnium gentium 
consensio, lex naturae putanda est ; 
Cic. Tusc. There ought to be a full 
accord . or agreement, of all the es- 
tates, to defend the public libeity; pk- 
nissima debet esse, omnium o^dinura 
concordia, ad defendendam libertatem. 
publicam ; Cic. in Ep. There never urns, 
nor can there be, a greater accord or 
agreement, between the senate and the 
people, in any thing else, than in this ; 
nunquam fuit, aut esse poterit, inter se- 
natum et populum, consensus major, in 
ullaalia cauea, sque ac ia hac^ Cic* 



Phil. This is the common cause of ally 
in which all virtuous men willfully 
accord, and unanimously agree ; hajc 
publica, et communis omilium est causa, 
in qua, virtute praediti, ad unum oinnes, 
unanimiter, et surame consentient. 
They live together in the strictest union 
and accord ; conjunctissime, exactis- 
sima unione, conjunctissime consensu 

To Accord in opinion ; concurrere 
in unain sententiam. Uno animo, ore, 
una mente, voce, consentire. Uno coii- 
eensu, conjunctis sententiis, aliquid sta- 
tuere. In eadem opinione convenire. 
In eardem sententiam loqui. Unum 
atque idem sentire in re aliqua, eundem 
flnimum habere. Consentire, congru- 
ere. — fratemis animis, quicquid negat 
alter, et alter. In these things, we loth 
agree, or, are of one accord ; lia?c mihi 
tecum conveniunt. Your sentiment^ in 
this thing, does not disagree from^ but 
rather fully accords with our's ; ves- 
trum, in hac re, judicium, a nostro non 
discrepat, non abhorret j potius, enim, 
plane congruit. 

To act by mutual Accord ; com- 
positp, ex composito, ex compacto, ex 
pacto, aliquid facere, agere, gerere. 

Accord, following own : as, my, 
thy, hiSf her, our^ your, or, their own 
accord ; denotes something done vo- 
luntarily, and is rendered by sponte, 
ultro, voluntate, mea, tua, sua, nostra, 
vestra, &c. : as. He did come to me of 
his own accord ; ultro ad me venit ; 
Ter. Of his or their own accord, 
and without any violence offered, he 
gace it me, they came, ^c. sponte sua, 
nulla vi, voluntate sua, ille mihi dedit, 
illi venemnt, &cc. You did it of your 
own accord ; sppnte tua faciebas ; Cic. 
/ will go of my own accord ; sponte, 
voluntate mea, ibo ; &c. 

Accord, cotning after with one, dC' 
•notes, a mutual consent of 7ni7ids, or, 
wills ; concorditer, unanimiter, or, uno 
animo : as. All motliers in law, with 
one accord, do hate their daughters 
in law ; socrus omnes, uno animo, ode- 
runt nurus; Ter. or, with one accord, 
unanimi ; as. All of you, with one ac- 
cord, stand close together; vos una- 
nimi densate catervas ; Virg. — but, of 
one accord is unanimis : as, being 
of one accord ; unaniroes : as, You 
may arm all your brethren, to fight, 
with one accord ; tu potes unanimes ar- 


mare in proelia fratres ; Virg. — sed, dixit 
etiam Plautus ; Ego tu sum, tu es ego, 
uni animi sumus. 

/ Accord with you ; consentio ti^i ; 
convenit mihi tecum ; Cic. 

According as; prout, sicut, quan- 
tum, perinde ut, pro eo ac, pro eo ut, 
utcunque ; item, proinde : as, * Ac- 
cording as they were able to follow ; 
prout sequi poterant. According as 
the opinion of every man's manners 
is; perinde ut opinio est de cujusque 
moribus ; Cic« According as his cs- 
tate did permit ; prout facultates ejus 
ferebant; Cic. According as every 
man's pleasure is ; prout cujusque li- 
bito est ; Hor. prout trahit quemque 
voluptas ; prout unicuique libet ; Stc. 
According as I deserve; pro eo ac 
mereor ; Cic. According as the hard- 
ness of the time would suffer; pro 
eo ut temporis difficultas tulit ; Cic. 
According as / ought ; pro eo ac de- 
bui ; Cic. According as there shall 
he need ; utcunque opus sit. Accord- 
ing as /te deserves; proinde ac dignus 

For proinde is used in the same 
sense with perinde : so Plant, proinde 
ut insanire video ; and so Cic. 

According as the thing will bear, 
we must manage our business ; proinde 
uti quajque res est, laborandum est ; de 
Juvent. (If there be not a mistake i/i 
reading pvomde,in such places, for per- 
inde.) See Turselin, de partic. lat. 
orat. c. 141. 

According to ; juxta, ad, de, ex, 
secundum, pro : as. According to 
his deserts or worth ; pro ejus merito, 
ant ^ignitate. He conforms himself 
wholly according to the least ijiti- 
jnation of the pleasure and good liking 
of his auditory ; ad arbitrium,et nutum, 
auditorum suorum, totum se fingit, et 
accommodat ; Cic. de Orat. / tcill do 
according to your advice; de tuo 
consilio volo facere ; Ter. He speaks 
nothing according to truth ; niliil ad 
veritatem loquitur ; Cic. He does all 
according to his own mind and plea- 
sure only ; de sua unius sententia ge- 
rit om^ia ; Quintil. The cause shall 
be weighed according to truth; ex 
veritate causa pendetur; Cic. To 
live according to one's own nature; 
secundum naturam suam vivere ; Sen. 
Ep. 41. According to their villany ; 
pro scelere eorum ; Cees. Accoid' 


ing ^0 your own, and your progenitors' 
dignity and worth; ex tua majorura- 
que tuorum dignitate ; Cic. / gave 
praise and cotnmendation according to 
things done ; collaudavi secu»dum fac- 
ta ; Tcr. l£t him have according 
to his deserts ; quod meritus sit, ferat ; 
Ter, It is according to our wish ; 
voto convenit res ; Ovid. Accord- 
ing to my usual way, dignity, Sfc. ; pro 
mea consuetudine, dignitate, &c. Cic. 
According to my former custom; 
meo pristine more ; Cic. According 
to the esteem I have for you ; pro eo 
quanti te facio ; Cic. These things are 
to be valued according to their se- 
veral tceights ; ea, pro eo, quantum in 
quibusque sit ponderis, aestimanda sunt ; 
Cic. We must now go according 
to the times; nunc scenaj serviendum 
est J Cic. Att. T^mpori aptare decet — 
as also, according to the place we 
live in; sicut etiara loco, in quo su- 
mus ; nam, Romae, Romano more vi- 

According to appointment ; ex 
pacto, ex composito, ex praeparato, 
ex proposito : as, According to appoint- 
ment, we must meet some friends ; ex 
pacto, con veniamusoportet amicos quos- 
dam ; &c. 

According to my power; pro mea 
virili ; pro viribus raeis. Tliat tempe- 
rature of body is most to be desired, 
which is most according to nature ; 
is status corporis maxime expetendus, 
qui est e natura maxime ; Cic. 

To ACCOUNT, (yr reckon ; compu- 
tare, supputare, numerare, annumerare, 
calculare, ratiocinari, percensere. He 
accounts all that as clear gain ; omne 
id deputat esse in lucro ; Ter. 

An Account ; calculus, computus, 
computum, computatio, supputatio, ra- 
tio ; &c. : as, * To cast up the ac- 
counts ; rationes colligere ; Plaut. 
You are right in your accounts ; 
recte rationera tenes ; Plaut. You 
come short in your accounts ; non 
respondet opinioni calculus. To cast 
accounts with the pen; scribendo 
conjicere rationes. It ~- is a clear ac- 
count ; ratio apparet. He made them 
give an account how they lived ; ra- 
tionem vitae reddere coegit. He said he 
was setting right his account ; ra- 
tionem se purgare dicebat. Our ac- 
counts agree very well; bona ratio, 
inter nos, accepti et expensi convenit. 



To put into the account ; in rationes 
inferre. They are not yet put into the 
account; in rationem nondum ve- 
nerunt. / make this account ; mea 
sic fert ratio ; mens sic est computus, 
calculus. In wJiat tribe did you give 
an account of these lands? in qua 
tribu ista praedia censuisti? 

To cast Accounts ; rationes inire, 
referre, subducere, supputare, collige- 
re. Impensae, impensarum, expensae, 
expensarum, expensorum, sumptuura» 
rationem numerare, recensere, exami- 
nare, supputare calculis ; ad calculos 
redigere, numero comprehendere. Cum 
alio inter se rationes conferre. Ad 
examinandos sumptus, impensas, ex- 
pensas, calcvlos adhibere. 

To call to an Account ; numerorum, 
sumptuum, rationem exigere, postulare, 
poscere. Ad calculos, ad rationem et 
calculos, ad computationem, vocare, re- 
vocare, reducere. 

To yield, or give up an Account ; 
rationem reddere. Sumptuum rationes 
exbibere, describere. 

To bring all Accounts into one ; 
in suramam unam omnia reducere, con- 
fetre, cogere, redigere. Omnium sum- 
mam subducere. The account is 
right ; recte rationem subduxit. Sum- 
ma rationem quadrat. Ne uno calculo, 
ne minima ratiuncula, lapsus est, erra- 

To examine an AecouNX ; ratio- 
nes diu jam peractas absolutasque, re- 
cognoscere, dispungere. Dati et ac- 
cepti, accepti et irapensi tabulas, 
data et accepta, ratiocinarium librum, 
codicera ratiocinarium, conferre, ex- 
cutere, examinare, calculis. / must 
examine the whole account; ratio 
de integro ineunda est mihi. 

To take an Account ; rationem ac- 
cipere ; Cic. To make even accounts 
of receipts and expenses ; rationes exas- 
quare, componere. To give an ac- 
count of one's conduct ; rationem 
factorum reddere ; Cic. He took an 
account of his farmer ; rationera a 
colono accepit ; Cic. The rest, or 
what tremains, of the account ; reli- 
quum, reliquum est, id quod reliquum 
est. The account is, or, the ac- 
counts are, fully given or stated ; ra- 
tio perputata est, rationes perputatse 
sunt. To make or come to account 
with one ; putare rationera cum aliquo j 
&c. Cic. To icrite an account or 




reckoning ; expensi, impensique ratio- yourself; jacentem domum, pluris, tti, 

nem describere. quamteipsum, aestimasti; Cic. Wealth 

A book qf Accounts ; codex, liber is now made more account of, than 

rationarius ; registrum, vulgo dicitur. virtue and goodness ; pluris opes nunc 

3]y Accounts being cast «;>, / shall sunt, quam virtus et probitas. This 

know my gain and loss ; putatis, sup- Jish was made great account of; celebre 

putatis, ductis, subductis rationibus, noraen hujus piscis fuit ; Macrob. He 

rcruni mearum faciam, colligara, per- is Siccoxinted the next man to the king; 

stringam, percipiam, conficiara, depre- secundus a rege habetur. You made 

hendara, intelligara, sentiam, rei fami- account it would be for your honor; 

liaris, lucrum, et jacturam, damnura, tibi gloriae fore putasti ; Cic. 

detriraentuna. Authors of good Account; classici 

/ will be Accountable for the eX" auctores ; scriptores antiquitus celebres. 

pense ; praestabo sumptum ; Cic. What account did Ccesar make of 

To make great Account of; mag- you? quem locum apud Cajsarem ob- 

ni, plurimi, facere, aestimare. Exirai- tinuisti ? quo numero fuisti ? qua exis- 

um, in honore summo,pr3ecipuo,in de- 
liciis, habere. Quantivis pretii ajsti- 
mare. Multum, plurimum, deferre, 
tribuere, alicui. Inter primos, referre, 
reponere. In oculis ferre. In aliqua 

timatione ? quo gradu dignitatis ? Cic. 
No scholar, of any account, but knows 
him; nemini, paulura modo humaui- 
ori, est ignotus ; Gell. 

* To be of no Account ; nnllo nu> 

re multum ponere. Voluptatem, in mero esse. Nullo loco numerari. Pro 
summis bonis, habere, ponere. nihilo haberi, duci, putari, reputari. 

It is a thing of great Account with Nullius momenti iestimari ; &c, passive. 

me ; res est inaximi, apud me, ponde- 
ris et momenti, 

A man of great Account ; vir mag- 
nee, suromae, primae auctoritatis, digni- 
tatis, existimationis ; celeberriraffifamee; 
multi, primi, clarissimi norainis ; om- 
nium existimatione ornatissimus ; qui, 
hominura admiratione et benevolentia, 
in ccelo est ; qui in oculis hominum 
cum gloria et dignitate versatur; in 
quo summa est auctoritas et amplitudo. 

prout seq. active. Vilescere, et pro 
levi esse. Nulla raajorum, nee aliorum, 
neque ullius rei, laude, commendari, 
honestari, aut nobilitari. 

To make no Account of; flooci, 
nauci, nihili, pili, non hujus, non te- 
runcii, parvi, non magni, imo minimi, 
pendere, facere, apstimare. Parvi, nii- 
nimi, ducere. Nullo loco numerare. 
Pro nibilo habere, ducere, putare, re- 
putare. Nullius momenti aestimare. / 

He is a man of great account in his make no account of foolish or teicked 

own city; vir, in sua civitatc, mag- men's censures ; stultorum aut impro- 

nus est et clarus ; quem unice colunt borum censuras non moror. ISor dc 

cives, suscipiunt et admirantur; qui I make account of such men's re- 

honoribus et gratia floret inter suos j proaches ; nee, de talium, aut hujus- 

in quem se tota convertit civitas J quem modi, hominum, convitiis, laboro. He 

is of no account with you ; is tibi, 
pro vili, sub pedibusque, jacet. 

A man of no Account ; honK) sor- 
didus, obscurus ; nullo loco, ordine, 
numero ; nullius loci, ordinis, nuiT>eri, 
pretii, meriti ; infinia conditione, k)co 
infimo ; imi subsellii ; quintse, extre- 
mJB classis ; infra infimos ; despectus, 
vir pietate gravis despicatissimus, contemptus, abjectus. 
Qui cum infima multitudine concul- 
// you make so great Account of caiur, obruitur, consenescit, apud po- 
me, (W—^c; si me tanti facis.quanti — pylares sordet. Unus e multis; ex 
&c. Cic. I thought he had made great faece populi ; sortis huniillimae ; inter 
account of her ; banc intellexi ipsum capite— censos, et proletarios. He 
magni facere ; Ter. She always made is, of all otiiers, in all things, qf 
most account qf you ; base te semper the least account : is est, rebus in 
fecit maximi ; Ter. You made more omnibus, aliorum omnium, facile pos- 
account of a ruined house, *han of tremus, infimus -, et quo,' nihil couf 

oinnes unum intuentur ; in quem 
omnium oculi conjiciuntur ; c\ijus sa- 
lutem omnes curant ; quem omnes, in 
dvitate, colunt honore maximo. He is 
of so great account, for his vir- 
tue ; talis, ac tanta, est opinio, de 
praestanti ejus virtute. He is a man 
much accounted of for piety and 
good deeds ; is est, 
•— et mentis ; &c. 


temptius, neque despicacius. Who 
is one of the smallest account in the 
whole city ; qui civitatis locum tenet 
infimura. Men. make account of him, 
as of a most useless load and burden 
■of the eartk ; viri euni Bestimant, ut 
merum — Telluris inutile pondus. 

These things are of no Account, or 
value ; res istae, leves sunt et nugatoriae, 
nullius ponderis, valoris, momenti, pre- 
tii ; minutissimjE, levissimje,tenuissiniaj. 
Quisquiliae, nugai, tricte, palea, ludi- 
bria, nugamenta. They are account- 
ed' m«re trifles; ut minutiae aestiman- 
tur ludicrae-; ima faex-; crepundia} Ger- 
roanjE gerrge. They are of small or 
no account^ jacent. 

I Account that a great sin; id 
crimen judico gravissimum ; Cic. Per- 
haps you make little account what 
becomes of me; tu fortasse, quid de 
me fiat, parvi curas, pendis ; Ter. He 
is a man of small account; baud mag- 
ni pretii homo est ; Plaut. 

It must be Accounted as done by 
^0 right; pro eo habendum est, ac-si 
nullo jure factum esset. 

To give m, account' o/ a b(dtk; 
proelii decursum ordine exponere. They 
made great account of him, or it; 
in summo apud illo^ honore, pretio, is, 
vel id, fuit. He makes no account 
of pleasure; voluptatem nuHo loco 
numerat ; Cic. aut, nullo numero locat. 
Men of no account 3 ignota capita; 
sine nomine turba. To be accounted 
proud ; arrogantiae subire suspicionem ; 
opinione arrogautiaa laborare. These 
■cities made great account of virtue ; 
-civitates has, maximam virtutis opinio- 
nem habebant, ceperunt. And of those 
men's justice, the people made great 
account ; horuraque virorura de jus- 
titia, magna erat opinio multitudinis j 

To ACCUSE, sue, or impeach ; ae- 
-cuso, postulo, damno, incuso, criminor, 
culpo, arguo, insinmlo. 

* To Accuse one of some capital 
erime, treason, or felony ; accusare 
aliquem capitis ; sub. criraine. To ac- 
cuse one of negligence ; accusare ali- 
quem negligentiai ; Ter. To accuse 
one of anything that is blame-worthy ; 
accusase aliquem de aliqua re culpanda. 
I do not accuse you of this ; te hoc 
fecisse non arguo. He accuses him 
tf extortion ; postulat eum de repetun- 



To Accuse or question ; in jus, ju- 
dicium, populi judicium, in capitis ju- 
dicium, discrimen, in medium rerum 
certamen, ducere, adducere, accersere, 
arcessere, vocare, trahere, rapere. Ca- 
pitis aliquem postulate, arcessere. Reum 
citare, petagere, agere, referre, facere, 
tradere, exponere. Diem alicui dicere. 
Actionem, crimen, intendere, intentare, 
instituere, contrahere, conflare, in ali- 
quem. Aliquem ad causam dicendam 
vocare, in reos referre, reponere, pro / 
tribunal! addocere, sistere, judicio per- 
sequi, arcessere ; sceletis, criminis ac- 
cusare, insiraulare, arguere ; ad prae- 
torem rapere. 

Tofrighten onewiththe Accusation 
of new crimes ; — crirainibus terrere no- 
vis. To accuse, or, give up, one, to 
be tried by the judges, or before the 
judges ; suffragiis, sententiis judicum, 
nomen alicujus objicere ; nomen ali- 
cujus ad judices, ad ptaetorem deferre ; 
pro tribunal! aliquem adducere, sistere ; 
judicio prosequi^ ante forum, puteas- 
que Libonis, sistere. 

To AccusB one of a capital crime ; 
alicui, periculura capitis, creare, de- 
nunciare ; dicara grandem impin- 
gere, scribere ; capitale crimen ob- 
jicere; judicio capitis aliquem aceer- 
sere ; lajsas majestatis reum reff ere, de- 

He Accused my friend of bribery ; 
nomen amici mei, de ambitu, detulit. 
But he might rather accuse another 
of that crime ; at, ipse alterum, (seip- 
sura, scil. vel, quemlibet aliura) hujus- 
modi ambitus crimine, potius arcesse- 

He was Accused^ or, brought he- 
fore the court, or judgment-seat, and 
noas in danger of his life ; ad subset 
lia tractus, in extrema fortuna stetit. 

He was vexed by the judicial Accu- 
sations of his enemies ; in judicio, ab 
inimicis, exagitatus erat. He was, by 
accusation, forced to give a judicial 
account of his management of affairs ; 
ad rerum, a se, gestarum, rationein, in 
judicio, reddendam, adactus erat. 

To frame an Accusation, or, to 
plead against one ; contra aliquem ac- 
cusationera suscipere, parare, instilue^e. 
Aspere, acerbe, graviter, libere, Vebe- 
menter, acrius accusare. Partes accu- 
sationis obire, accusatoris obtinere, ob« 
' ire, suscipere, in se sustinere ; ad accu- 
sandum descendere. 



They loaded him toith all kinds of 
Accusation" J in euni, omnia, gene- 
rum accusationis omniuto, tela conje^ 

To Accuse falsely, or to slander ; 
calumnlari ; calumnii», criminationibus, 
criminibus falsis, mendacibus, impetere, 
insimulare aliquem ; ficto crimine in- 
sec tari ; injuste, invidiose, crinnnari ; 
in falsam, iniquam, proborum insimu- 
lationem, quern vocare ; mendaciis one- 
rare ; raendaciunculis aspergere. 

He procured him the envy of many 
good men by a false Accusation ; in 
proborum multorum invidiam, falso cri- 
mine, euni induxit. 

It is the work of slanderers, or false 
Accusers, to insinuate and urge false 
erimes ; calumniatorum est, mos est, 
falsis criminibus urgere, insimulare. 

She was Accused, and brought in 
guilty of a false crime ; falsi criminis 
acta rea est. He contrives tJie accu- 
sation of most wicked crimes against 
the innocent youth; nefanda juTcni 
crimina insonti apparat. 

To Accuse one in a plea of late ; 
litem alicui intendere, inferre. They 
were accused and punished, accord- 
ing to the laws, for requiring and tak- 
ing of bribes ; legibus ambitus interro- 
gaii, poenas dederunt. 

To Accuse one for injuries done; 
injuriarum aliquem agere, postulare. 

By judicial Accusation to bring 
one in danger of losing both estate and 
life ; fortunarum omnium ac mortis, in 
judicio, periculum alicui injicere. 

To Accuse one, of guilt and fault, 
in any thing ; vitio et culpae aliquld 
alicui dare, vertere ; Cic. 

They Accuse me as guilty of this 
fault ; hujus mihi culpae notam inurunt. 

To clear oneself by Accusing another; 
crimen a se in aiimn transferre ; Cic. 

To Accuse one legally ; legibus, et 
judicial! jure, aliquem prosequi. 

To free oneself from the Accusation 
of any crime ; crimen objcctum repel- 
lere, diluere ; calumniam obterere, et 
obtundere ; ex crimine elabi ; a culpa 
removeri ; a vel ex culpa seipsum libe- 
rare, expedire, exolvere, exiraere, &c. 

To be well nigh undone^ by the Ac- 
cusation of crimes and witnesses; 
criminibus, et testibus, opprimi, obrui ; 

To Accv»z one for a thi^ and pur- 
loinn <tf money ; arguere aliquem, fur- 


ti, et pecuniae interversje j fnrti, &C« 
aliquem alligare, agere. 

To ACCUSTOM 5 assuefacio, con- 
suefacio. To accustom himself; as- 
suesco ; se assuefacere. To be accus- 
tomed ; soleO) assuefio, assuesco, con- 

To Accustom oneself to any thing; 
rei alicui se penitus dare, assuefacere, 
consuescere ; se in consuetudinem dare. 
Crebris actionibus, idem saepius agendo, 
repetendo, usu quotidiano, consuetu- 
dinem, morem, contrahere, Insuescere 
rei alicui. 

To be Accustomed to any thing 
from a child ; a teneris assuescere. 

To be Unaccustomed ; desuescere. 
Men unaccustomed to war; insueti 
homines bello. You spoke, at that 
time, much harder words than you are 
accustomed to use; gravioribus mul- 
to verbis tunc usus eras, quam tua fere- 
bat consuetudo. Theti he denied that 
the Greeks were accustomed to ; turn 
ille negavit, moris esse Graecorum, ut, 
&c. That w, as our progenitors, andy 
generally all, were accustomed ; id 
more majorum fit, et communi more 
receptum est. You are not yet accus- 
tomed to labor, or to industry and pains ; 
&c. nondum es assuetus, assuefactus, 
laboribus ; in laboribus non versatus, 
inexercitatus, rudis et insolens es ; non- 
dum tibi labor familiaris est ; laboris es 
impatiens ; labores ferre, sustinere, non 
consuevisti, sensisti, tulisti. A servi- 
tude to which one is not accustomed ; 
crudum serritium; Tac. 

To ACKNOWLEDGE, confess; 
agnoscere ; fateri ; confiteri : as, I 
acknowledge, or, <mm, thiSf or that, by 
mine otvn experience ; hoc ex me ag- 
nosco ; id mihi expertum QSt. 

To Acknowledge, or, own, that 
such a thing was seen, though not by 
oneself, y^t by others ; agnoscere tale 
quid visum quidem fuisse, minime ta- 
men suis, sed alienis oculis. I do 
not acknowledge what is said of me 
in that affair; non agnosco, quod mihi, 
haec in re, tribuitur ; Cic. To ac- 
knowledge the fault, and himself to 
be guilty of it; crimen agnoscere, et 
in se culpam suscipere. To acknow- 
ledge, or own, that he has his l\fe 
and safety by one's good will and friend- 
ship ; agnoscere, et acceptam referre, 
vitam et salutem suam, alicujus bene* 
volentiae, et amicitise. 


To Acknowledge hy constraint; 
fateri ; negare non posse. 

To Acknowledge before an officer, 
or a magistrate ; profiteri ; coram ma- 
gistratu agnoscere. 

To Acknowledge a kindness ; me- 
moretn in bene raeritum animum pr»- 

ACQUAINTANCE J notitia, con- 
suetude, conversatio, conjunctio, famili- 
aritas, usus, necessitudo, consortium, 
notio : as, To receive or take into one's 
acquaintance ; in necessitudinem suara 
fecipere; adjungere aliquem ad ne- 
cessitudinem; accipere in amicitiam; 
Cic. / hate great acquaintance with 
him; est mihi, cum illo, magnus usus; 
Cic. surama^cum familiaritate mihi con- 
jtinctus est. Mine, or, our, acquaint- 
ance is but of very little standing ; in- 
ter nos, nuper admodum est notitia; 
Ter. His acquaintance, and mine, 
has been biU of late ; est, mihi, non 
kmgo, cognitus usu. To get, insinu- 
ate, or creep into one's acquaintance ; 
in alicujus jfanuliaritatem se insinuare ; 
in alicujus amicitiam arrepere ; venire 
in alicujus faniiliaritatem, vel, amici- 
tiam ; Cic. To endeavor or seek one's 
acquaintance ; ad alicujus faniiliari- 
tatem applicar^ se. I have little ac- 
quaintance with you, or with him; 
^c, ; usus amicitia:, mihi, tecum, secum, 
&c. parvus est. I have none, or not 
so much as the least, acquaintance 
with you, or him, SfC. ; neque te, quis sis, 
nee eum, quis sit, homo, scio ; aibus, 
an ater, sis, vel sit, nescio. 

An Acquaintance of mine, or, one 
cf my acquaintance; notus mihi 
quidam ; Ter. He is one of my old 
acquaintance ; mihi cum eo consuetu- 
de et familiaritas pervetus est ; Cic. 
or, I have been, a long time, much 
acquainted with him ; inter nosmetip- 
806 vetus intercessit usus ; Cic. mihi 
cum illo et retus, et magna amicitia 
fuit; Cic. / have been acquainted 
with him ever since we were children ; 
mihi magna, cum eb, jam inde a pue- 
ritia, semper fuit familiaritas ; Cic. He. 
is an infimafe acquaintance of mine ; 
unus est ex intimis meis familiaribus ; 
eet mihi, intimus a consiiii^. 

CcbHus was accused of an Acquaint- 
ance teith Catiline ; familiaritas Cati- 
lime objecta est Caelio. Acquaint- 
ance with bad company makes us worse; 
malorum commercio reddimur deteri- 



ores. We have had a long acquaint- 
ance ; usura longa inter nos fuit. To 
withdraw oneself by degrees frvm 
acquaintance''; levare amicitias usus 

To Acquaint, or make acquaint- 
ed with ; to advertise, or give notice 
of; admonere, docere, commonefacere ; 
cerriorem reddere, facere, aliquem de 
aliqua re. Facere, ut quis intelljgat, 
sciat, cognoscat. Rem narrare, nunci- 
are, dicere, renunciare, declarare, sig- 
nificare, indicare, ostendere, patefacere, 
aperire, exponere, demonslrare, pro- 
ferre ad aliquem. Rem alicui indicare, 
ostendere; &p. non celare quid. Quid 
sit factum, gestum, erudire, notum fa- 
cere, docere, perscribere, impertire, cer- 
tiorare, certificare. 

I received letters, hy which I ivas 
Acquainted that, Sfc. ; accepi liferas, 
quibus cognovi, videbam ; ex quibus 
intellexi, perspexi, aniraadverti et di- 
dici. I was acquainted by report; 
accepi auribus. Accidit auribus, et 
ad aures. Nunciatum, indicatum, est , 
mihi. J^ich wickedness when I was 
acquainted with, or heard of, S^c. 
— quod scelus ut pavidas — mihi con- 
tigit aures. I will take care that you 
be acquainted with all things; om- 
nia tibi ut nota sint faciam ; Cic. 
Ought not I to have been made ac- 
quainted with it first? nonne, mihi, 
prius, consultum, communicatum opor- 
tuit ? Ter. Neither does he make me 
acquainted what that is, or, what 
he does ; nee quid sit id, 'neque quid 
agat, mihi certlus facit; Plant. Ac- 
quaint my master, or, make my mas- 
ter acquainted with it; indicium 
hero facias tu mefo ; Plant. Be very 
careful to acquaint us of that ; fac 
nos, quam diligentissime, de hac re, 
certiores; Cic. They make him ac- 
quainted with all their contrivances; 
illi credunt omnia consilia; Ter. 

To ACQUIT; solvere, absolvere, 
liberare, dissolvere, eximere, deraitte- 
re : as, *To ^cqxxit in judgment ; ex. 
reis eximere ; insontem declarare ; lite- 
ram salutarem, [i. e. literam. A, quaa 
absolutionis erat nota] scribere. 

To Acquit, ar/ree one from blame; 
aliquem ex culpa eximCTe ; Cic. culpa 
exolvere, liberare ; Tac. Cic. He was 
acquitted by every one ; omnium sen- 
tentiis absolutus, liheratus, est; Cic. 
We do not deny but that they may be 



acquitted ; quo minus, secundum eos, 
lis detur, non recusamus ; Cic. 

Acquitted of knavery; absolutus 
improbitatis ; Cic. 

He Acquitted himself handsomely 
in that business ; laute munus suum 
illud administravit ; Ter. 

To Acquit from fraudulent deal- 
ing, or, collusion; de praevaricatione 
absolvere ; Cic. 

To Acquit, or free from a vow ; 
liberare aliquem voto et voti ; Li v. 

An Acquittance for money re- 
ceived ; acceptilatio ; apocha ; sjn- 
grapha, syngraphus, syngraphum. 

To ACT, or, to do ; agere ; rem ge. 
rere : as, * To act the part of a 
good and virtuous man ; virura agere 

To Act or do according to one's di' 
rection; agere ad prsescriptura alicujus. 
To act for another ; agere aliquid pro 
alio, vice altsrius. To act fairly; 
agere ex jequo. To act honestly; 
agere ex fide bona. To act seriously ; 
agere rem seriam, vel serio. To act, 
or do as chief, or to be the chief actor or 
person ; agere primas partes. To act 
trifles; agere nugas. To act modest- 
ly ; agere modeste. To act according 
to custom; agere morem; Sallust. To 
act gently ; agere remissius. To act 
treacherously ; agere ex insidiis ; Cic. 
To act in his own business; agere 
negotium suum ; Cic. To act his 
part at home, and abroad at war; 
partem suam agere, domi, bellique. 

To Act plays ; ludos scenicos age- 
re ; histrionicam exercere. They are 
going to act a play; fabulam acturi 
sunt statini. To act a comedy, or 
tragedy ; agere comediam, tragediam. 
To act Medea ; Medeam agere ; Cic. 

An Act, Action, or deed ; actus, 
actio, actum, factum, gestum ; facinus. 

A noble, or famous. Act ; facinus 
nobile, clarum ; Cic. Sen. 

An unworthy, base, or loathsome 
Act ; facinus indignura, illiberale, te- 
trum ; Ter. Sen. 

To perform noble Acts ; praeclara, 
egregia facinora, suscipere et conficere ; 
administrare cum laude, cum adniira- 
tione omnium. Rerum gestarum gloria 
florere. Res magnas, praeclaras, labo- 
riira, periculorum plenas, triumpho dig- 
nas, gerere. In exiniiis, egregiis, faci- 
noribus, elaborate. To do brave acts j 
res Claras gerere. 

. AC 

To show his valor, or, his virtue, by 
his noble Acts ; virtutem ostendere« 
vel etiam extendere, factis. To com- 
pare the famous acts of Hercules with 
yours ; Herculeos conferre tuis actus. 
You will have then done a brave act ; 
egeris tunc ; pugnaveris ; Ter. 

An Act or decree ; as of council, 
senate; senatusconsultum, scitum, con- 
stitutum, decretum ; edictum, res judi- 
cata, sanctio, plebis scitum, institutum ; 
&c. Ccesar's acts are confirmed by 
the senate; acta Caesaris confirmata 
sunt a senatu ; Cic. There was an old 
act of the senate against, Sfc; sena- 
tusconsultum fuit vetus, ne hceret, &c. 

Acts registered ; acta, orum. Act* 
registered, WAide null, or void; acta 
rescisca, recisa, desuetudine detrita,ab- 
rogata ; &c. 

An Action, or suit, at law ; actio, 
forensis actio, dica, lis, formula. 

An Action personal; condictio, 
actio condictitia, or, in persona. 

An AcTiotf of trespass ; injuriarum 

An Action of covenant ; formula 
pacti et conventi. 

An Action withdrawn; actio re. 

An Action to recover that which 
was appointed by the judge; actio 

An Action to cause to take back 
again any bad thing sold ; actio redhi- 

To enter an Action against one; 
dicam scribere, impingere ; in jus vo- 
care ; litem intendere, in jus citare, du- 
cere, rapere j debitorem interpellare, 

To sue upon an Action of trespass; 
injuriarum cum aliqno agere. 

To lose his Action, or to be cast in 
it ; lite, causa cadere ; litis intentionem 

To gain his Action, or to recover 
his suit ; in lite, causa sua stare ; litis 
intentionem recuperare. Rectus stetitin 
curia. Judicum, et juratorum,suffragiis, 
calculis, approbatus, litem adversam iu- 
fregit, et, suos adversaries, in ea, pro- 

Didst thou ever hear of any Action 
brought against me ? cedo dum an un- 
quam audisti dicam injuriarum mihi 
scrip tarn? 

Active, much in action, or mO' 
tion, Sfc. ; actuosus ; semper in opera } 


winirae otiosus, efficax ; vires suas ex- 
ercons ; raultos et varios effectus pro- 
ducens, in assiduo raotu. 

Active, or nimble ; agilis, gnavus, 
strenuus, mobilis, industrius, actuarius, 
expeditus, dexter, accinctiis. 

Activity ; agilitas, facultas, solertia, 
dexteritas ; agendi, promptitude ceier- 
rima, expedita celeritas; membrorum 
mobilitas, habilitas ; &c. 

An Actor, or stage-player; sce- 
nicus actor ; histrio, onis. 

ACUTE J i. e. sharp ; acutus ; ab 

Acute ; i. e. subtile, xcitty : as, An 
acute and subtile wit ; acutum ingcr 
nium. An acute, sharp^ disease; 
morbus acutus. An acute, highy 
shrillfClear accent ; accentus vel tonus 
acutus. Acute in reply; acutus in 
respondendo, regerendo ; salsus. Acute 
in judgment, or sharp-witted; genio, 
ingenio, acutus ; sagax, subtilis, per- 
spicax, solers. Age will easily make 
them acute enough; aetas, faciJe, il- 
los satis acuet ; Ter. 

To ADD J addere, adjicere, annecte- 
re, adjungere, subjungere, apponere, 
aggregare, asciscere, attexere, admisce- 
re, admovere. Additaraento, nuraerum, 
cumulum, augere, amplificare. Ac- 
cessionera magnam facere. Incr^men- 
tum rei dare, afferre. Accedit, accres- 
cit aliquid. To add his judgment or 
opinion ; judicir^n ejus interponere. 
To add one to the number ; aliquem 
in nunierura aggregate. He added 
one to the number of the fiock ; una 
pecude gregem auctiorem fecit. He 
added nothing new, of his own, to 
these; de suo, nihil his novum apposu- 
it. To add fuel to fire ; oleum addere 
caraino. To add his good will to 
another^s Ivonor ; aggregare suam vo- 
luntatem ad alicujus dignitatem. To 
add one citizen more; asciscere alium 
civem,vel, asciscere alium incivitatem j 
Cic. To add ivords to the harangue, 
speech J oration, or declamation, that it 
may be the more full; verba afFerre orati- 
oni, ut plenior sit ; Cic. He added sen- 
tences of the law, as appendices to his 
eloquence; juris sententias eloquentiae 
tanquam ancillulas adjunxit. Unto the 
praise of his warlike affairs, he added 
the glory of his learning and wit ; ad 
laudem belli, rei bellicae, doctrinae et in- 
genii gloriam adjecit ; Cic. When, to 
the rest of those great advantages, this 



opportunity was also added ; cnra ad 
C£eteras summas utilitates, lisec quoque 
opportunitas adjungeretur ; Cic. To 
add spirit, courage, or resolution, to 
one; i. e. to encourage one; addere 
animum alicui. To add confirmation 
to any thing, or, to confirm it ; alicui 
rei fidem addere. He added poison 
to, or he poisoned, tlie wound ; vene- 
nura in plagam addidit. To add to 
his pace ; or, to go, or make one go, 
faster ; addere gradum ; Piin. To 
add, or make an addition, to the 
work ; addere additamentum open. To 
add something of his own; addere 
aliquid de suo. To add over-weighty 
or above measure; addere, ex a^h- 

Unto this is Added, that, Sfc. ^ ad 
hoc accedit, quod, &c. To add more' 
over; superaddere, superinjicere, 6tc. 
To add or lay together ; superaddere, 
coaddere. To add in words or speak- 
ing; siiperdicere, insuper dicere. 

To ADDICT, or give oneself to ; 
addicere, devovere se ; seipsum dare, 
devincire, dedere ; as. In those stu- 
dies, to which we are both addicted j 
in hisce studiis, qui bus uterque nostrum 
addictus est. To addict himself to 
some art ; artera aliquam colere. 

He is Addicted to books and stu- 
dies ; libris et studiis alligatus est. That 
young man is wholly addicted to 
sloth and idleness ; juvenis ille se to- 
tura otio et socordias devovit ; Ter. To 
addict himself to study ; tradere se 
studiis ; Cic. 

ADDLE J i. e. corrupt, shallow, emp- 
ty, worthless, ifc; irritus, vacuus, inep- 
tus, fatuus, nauci, nihili, &c. : as, Your 
brains are addle ; non tibi sanum est 
sinciput, neque sincerum occiput. 

Addle-headed ; fatuus, ineptus j 
sano, sinceroque sine cerebro. 

To ADDRESS (make application 
to); applicare, dirigere, conferre. 

To Address himself, or to make 
application, unto the king, to his 
friend, to the senate, 8fc. ; seipsum, ad 
regem, ad amicum, ad senatuin, &c. 
direxit, applicuit, contulit, &c. An 
address, or humble petition ; appli- 
catio, libellus supplex : as. The par- 
liament did address themselves, or, did 
make an humble address to his ma- 
jesty ; senatus, sese applicuerunt, veJ, 
libellum suppHcem, direxerunt, obtule- 
ruQt, &:c. I know not where I should 



fcddress, apply myself, or go, S^c. ; quo 
applicem, nescio ; Cic. 
X To ADHERE ; adhasrere. - 

To Adhere or stick close to one, 
vr to be his constant companion ; to 
stand firm for one, Sfc. ; adhaerere lateri, 
partibus alicujus. 

To Adhere to the rule proposed; 
manere in instituto suo. 

To Adhere to any discipline, or to 
the best studies, 8fc. ; adhasrere ad ali- 
quam disciplinam, ad optima studia, 

To Adhere to a rock or stone; ad- 
haarescere ad saxura. 

He was his close Adherent, com- 
panion, or partner, in all things ; rebus 
in omnibus, adherens ei semper fuit ; 
soctus, particeps, ejus fuit, &c. 

ADJACENT ; adjoining, bordering 
upon, or lying near unto; adjacens, 

To be Adjacent, or near to; ad- 
jacere alicui ; Cic. 

An Adjacent island; u e. lying 
near the main land, or, continent, but 
not joined to it ; adjacens insula ; qua? 
$cil. est prope contineutem, non tamen 
conjuncta cum ea. TIte borders of 
these countries are adjacent, or, lie 
near one another ; harum regionum ter- 
mini, adjacentes sunt, et confines. 

The Tuscan land lies Adjacent 
to the Roman ; Thuscus ager Romano 
adjacet ; Liv. 

To ADJOURN ; i. e. to put off, or 
discontinue for a season ; to delay, or 
prolong; comperendinare, difFerre, pro- 
rogare, prolatare, protelare. To ad- 
journ or prorogue the consulship to 
one, for a year; prorogare consula- 
tum, alicuL in annum. To adjourn or 
prorogue the senate, fifteen montlis; 
menses in quindecim, senatum, sive 
regni comitia prorogare. The senate 
is adjourned, or prorogued for a 
fortnight; senatus in <juindecim dies 
eet prolatus, compcrendinatus, proroga- 

To ADJUDGE J i.e. to determine 
of, or give by judgment ; adjudico ; di- 
judico, discerno, ascribo, attribuo : as, 
To adjudge, or give sentence in judg- 
ment for one, or in one's cause; adjudi- 
carc causa m alicui. 

To Adjudge ; i. e. to sentence, or 
give up to freedom, or, to bondage ; 
adjudicare aliquem in hbertatem j vel 
iu serf itutem j Cig. 


To ADJURE ; i. e. to swear by ; of, 
to swear earnestly, to promise ivithmi 
oath ; also, to require another to swear ; 
adjurare. Which verb is sometimes /, 
used for the simple verb, jurare : as, 
I swear by Jupiter, and the gods ; ad- 
jure per Jovem, et deos, &c. Plaut, 
And so, to swear to any one ; i. e. to 
promise with an oath ; adjurare alicui ;^ 
Ovid. To adjure; i. e. to require, 
or compel one to an oath ; aliquem ad- 
jurare ; i. e. ad jusjurandum adigepe. 
Also to -adjure, is used for, to add 
somefhirig to an oath ; adjurare, q. d, 
ad jusjurandum addere ; Liv. As aho, 
to adjure, is by charms, spells, Sid 
enchantments, to cast out devils, w evil 
spirits ; i. e. to conjure, or exorcise ; 
adjurare, est etiara, conjurare, i. e. in- 
cantationibus daemones ejicere ; Lact, 

To ADJUST ; i. e. to set in order ; 
accommodare ; componere ; &c. 

To Adjust accounts ; ratiohes com- 
ponere. To adjust ; i. e. his sword, 
by or to his side ; ensera lateri aooom- 
modare. To adjust, or compose, 
causes, debates, wars, S^c. ; coniponene 
causas, discordias, bella, &c. To adjust, 
or, to set in order his affairs, or, estate ; 
componere res suas. To adjust kis 
hair ; componere capillos ; Cic. To 
adjust * i. e. to fit, a pillow to his 
head; componere pulvinar; Ovid. 

To ADMINISTER ; i. e. to solicit a 
man's cause ; causam alicujus, ad mini- 
strare, p ro curare ; or, any business; 
negotium aliquod administrare. To 
administer physic; medicinam, ad- 
ministrare, adhibere. To administer, 
in other things ; ministrare : as. To 
administer, or serve one at table, in 
dinner time ; ministrare, administrare 
alicui, in prandio. To administer 
to one his cups ; or, to fill, or give 
dnnk to one; administrare, seu, minis- 
trare, alicui, pocula. To administer 
or give one meat and drink ; ministrare, 
administrare, alicui, victum suum. 
Raging anger, or fury, administers 
weapons to fight with; furor arraa mi- 
nistrat ; Virg. 

To Administer ; i. e. ride, or ma- 
nage, Sfc. ; as. The commonwealth, his 
duty or office, the war, the army, the 
household affairs; the city, or pro- 
vi7ice, S^c. ; administrare rempublicam, 
munus suum, bellura, aciem, rem fa- 
miliarem, civitatem, provinciam, &c, j 


To Ai>Mini3TZK jttdgment ; i. e. io 
decide controversies in judgment ; ad- 
ministrare judicium. 

To ADMIRE, or wonder at ; mirari, 
admirari, suspicere ; obstupescere ; raag- 
nifice sentire ; non satiari aspectu, stu- 
pefactusintueri ; adraod(iui,niagnopere, 
uiaxiine, vehementer aliqueni, vel ali- 
quid, mirari, suspicere ; stupescere ; Cic. 
in aliqua re, vel ad aiiquam rem, excla- 
mare : as^ To admire, or wonder at, one 
in any thing; admirari aliquem in aliqua 
re. He admired or wondei'ed at the 
shortness qfyour epistle ; epistolae tuae 
brevitatem admiratur; Cic. He it is, 
whom I both admire and love; is 
est quern admiror et diligo ; Cic. All 
admired and wondered at tiiem, as 
rare fellows indeed^ who could not be 
matched ; hosce, suspiciebant omnes, 
et admirabantur; nullos enim invene- 
runt amulos, nee habuerunt exempla. 
/ admire the man ; cepit me admira- 
tio viri; Liv. That was both the 
laughter and admiration of the peo- 
ple ; res hjec, risus populi, et admiratio 
facta est. They all regard and admire 
Pompey, as a man sent down from 
heaven ; Pompeiura, omnes, sicut ali- 
quem, de cobIo delapsum intuentur, et 
admirantur; Cic. So, any thing is 
said to be admired, or wondered at ; 
thus; habere admirationemdicitur,res 
aliqua; Cic. Exploits, or, famous acts, 
or deeds, so admirable, that they 
cannot be expressed in words; much 
lesSf sufficiently praised; faciuora, 
gesta, adeo praeclara et admiranda, ut 
quae minime verbis exprirai, nedum 
sufficienter laudari, sermonis humani 
penuria, possint. Those are looked 
upon, with a kind of admiration, 
wlio are reputed singular for virtue ; 
admiratione quadam afiiciuntur, qui 
anteire caeteros virtute putantur ; Cic. 
All men admire him, who doth not 
value mxiney ; omnes magnopere admi- 
rantur eum, qui pecunia non movetur ; 
quod in quo viro perspectura sit, hunc 
dignum spectatu arbitrantur ; idem. 

To ADMIT ; admitto, intromitto. To 
admit, or let in, the light ; admittere 
diem, autsoiem, vel lucem introraittere. 
To admit to one's confidence ; or to 
believe ; admittere fidem. / never ad- 
mitted such a thought ; tale quid, in 
animuni, nunquam admisi, introroisi. 
To admit; i. e. to receive, or take 
unto ; admittere, suscipere, adsciscere, 



adscribere : as, To admit, or receive, 
one to himself; admittere, recipere, 
suscipere aliquem ad sese. To admit 
one to talk with him ; admittere ali- 
quem ad colloquium. 

To Admit an excuse; admittere 
excusationem. To admit qf a cure ; 
admittere curationeni. 

To Admit one into his counsel; or 
to be admitted to the council; ad- 
mittere aliquem ad concilium ; vel, 
admitti, adraisceri, adscribi, in conci- 
lium. He is admitted as one of the 
family ; in familiam adscriptus, recep- 
tus, adscitus est. To be admitted 
into the judge* s favor ; admitti in ani- 
mumjudicis; Quint. The defendant ^ 
or client, is admitted to plead his 
own cause ; reus, cliens, ad causam 
dicendam est ad missus. To adroit 
to the freedom of a city ; adsciscere in 
civitatem. Also to admit, is used, 
for, to approve of: as, Admittunt rite 
aves ; the birds do allow or approve it 
to be done : They give a prosperous 
omen ; admittunt rite aves ; Liv. To 
admit; i. e. to grant, or suppose ; fin- 
gere, concedere, &c. To be admitted 
to an office ; magistratum inire. Creari, 
fieri, renunciari, consulem. Principis, 
consulis, personam induere, suscipere. 
Munus officii subire. Administrandi 
regni, reipublicae provinciam suscipe- 
re. Ad rempublicam, ad reipublicae 
gubernacula, clavum, accedere. Clavo 
imperii raanum admovere. Rempubli- 
cam capessere. In regnum admitti, 
recipi. In imperio locari, succedere. 
Regnum amplecti. 

To ADMONISH ; monere ; admone- 
re : a«. To admonish any one concern' 
ing any thing ; adraonere aliquem ali- 
quid, vel, de aliqua re. 

To Admonish, or put one in mind qf 
a thing; admonere aliquem alicujus rei. 

To Admonish one with another's 
words, or in another's name ; adraone- 
re aliquem alicujus verbis, aut, no- 

To Admonish, or, advertise ; ad- 
monere, edocere, commonefacere ; con- 
silio juvare, consulere ; curam cavendi 
afFerre ; significare, certiorera facere. 

To Admonish, or warn; to exhort, 
rebuke; prudenter, sapienter, varie, 
breviter, identidem, amice, amicissime, 
acriter, acrius, libere, liberius, accura- 
tissime, praeclare, etiara, atque etiam, 
comraonjfacere, coramonere, admonere 



aliquem, alicujus rei, vel, de aliqua re. 
Praeclare, rectissirae, coramodissime 
pra&cipere alicui. 

I shall not be wantingy on my party 
to Admonish, declare, and attest y ^£. 
what I think; equidem non deero, 
mcmebo, prsedicabo, denunciabo, te§ta- 
bor deos atque homines, semper, quid 
sentiara ; Cic. de Ant. 

An Admonition ; admonitio, com- 
monefactio, monitum, salutare consi- 
lium : asy To take admonition ; ad- 
raonitionibus alicujus parere, auscul- 
tare, assentire. 

/ was running headlong in vicious 
courses, till yo\& Admonition re* 
claimed me ; admonitio tua, me, in vi- 
tia, pronum, repressit. And there/orey 
1 toiUy alwaySy hereafter, hearken to 
your admonitions ; proinde, post- 
hac, meae aures tuis monitis semper 
parebunt. Andy I will ever follow the 
admonitions of my friendsy and not 
my own sense and conjectures ; ut et 
semper, amicorum monitis, non sensu 
ducar et conjecturis. {Tlieverh to ad- 
monish, in Latin, admonere, is constru- 
ed either with the genitive case : as, 
Affairs, afterwards, falling out cross, 
adriionished to attend to religious rites 
and duties; adversae, deinde, res, ad* 
nionuerunt religionum j Liv. or, with 
the accus. : aSy Tlie very place doth ad- 
jnouish me; me, locus ipse, admo- 
net; Cic. ory with two accusatives: 
aty I admonish you to mind that; 
illud te adinoneo ; Quint, ory with 
the preposition de : os. To admonish 
one about any thing ; admonere de re 
aliqua ; Cic.) When I was wearied, 
the sun being somewhat hot, admo- 
nished me to go and wash myself; 
me fessura, sol acrior, ire lavatum, ad- 
inoiiuit ; Hor. 

ADO ; i.e. tumidty bustling; turba, 
tumultus, agitatio frivola ; perturbatio, 
procella, commotio. 

With much Ado; vix, aegre, non 
sine magho labore, magno cum conatu j 
vix tandem, difficulter admoduin. 

To have much Ado ; multum labo- 
rare : as, What ado, or stir, do they 
make in the court, or market? quid 
turfaac est apud forum ? Ter. 

What Ado fie makes ? quantas tra- 
goedias excitat ? Cic. 

To make much Ado ; terapestates 
exdtare; Cic. At lust, with much 
ado / perceived ; vix tandem i&aa,\ -, 


Ter. / had much ado to forbear, of 
hold from laughing ; minus ajgrerisum 
continui ; Plaut. / had much ado, to 
contain myself; segre me tenui ; Cic. 
/ had much ado to make them; pluri- 
mum negotii habui, ut cogerem ; Cic. 
I have much ado to forbear, 8fc. ; non 
possum pati, — vix me-contineo quin — 
&c. ; Cic. There ivas much ado to 
keep blows from him; nihil fegrius 
factum est, quam ut ab illo manus ab- 
stinerentur ; Cic. They had much ado 
to get over the river ; ajgerrime con- 
fecerunt ut flumen transirent ; Caa«» 
With much ado at last he was brought 
up from the bottom ; fuudo vix tahdejii 
redditus est imo ; Virg. / requested 
him he would give his daughter, and 
at length, with much ado / obtained it, 
or he consented, bfc; gnatani det, oro> 
vixque id exoro ; Ter. There was 
mu£h ado to get it done, or it was not 
done without much ado ; difficulter, 
atque aegre, fiebat ; Caes. 

Without any m^re Ado ; sine mora } 

To make mu£h Ado about nothing ; 
magno conatu magnas nugas agere ; de 
re nihili laborare ; fluctus excitare in 

To ADOPT ; adoptare, cooptare, si- 
bi filium eligere, haeredem asciscere ; in 
familiam suam asciscere, habere et edu- 
care pro suo ; alienum partum sit* 
segregare in filium. 

To ADORE ; to worship ; adorare ; 
colere : as. To adore, or worship 
God ; precibus adorare Deum ; Ovid. 
To adore or worship God with the 
greatest devotion ; adorare, vel colere, 
Deum, sununa observantia. To adore 
or icorship God in the mind and spirit^ 
is the chief, and most acceptable icor- 
ship ; Divinum adorare numen, spiritu, 
et animo, cultus est praecipuus, Deoque 
maxime acceptabilis. 

To ADORN ; or beautify ; ornare, 
adornare, exornare, excolere, illustrare, 
insignire, concinnare, perpolire, deoo- 
rare, arte limare, quasi, dolabra levi, 
expolire. Ornatu, cuitu, ornamentis, 
rem illustrem, splendidam, nitidam, 
insignem, politam, politiorem, insig- 
niorem, Sec. reddere, facere. Orna- 
mentis et cultu facere, ut niteat res, ut 
splendcat ; rei decus et venerem dare« 
addere, conciliare. Ornatum, splendo- 
rera, nitorem, venustatem rei accersere, 
limam adbib^r^i 


Adorned tcith garlands and roses} 
seftis redimitus et rosis. The banks are 
adorned toith green grass; riparum 
vestitus viridissimi. To adorn and 
gompass about ; redimire : «s, To 
adorn the temples vrith laurel or with 
ribands, ^c, ; redimire tempora lauro j 
vel, vitta, he. Virg. 

To ADVANCE ; i. e. to prefer, jyro- 
inote; elFerre, extollere, attollere, mag- 
nificare, excitare, sublevare, cxaltare, 
evehere, erigere, proniovere. To ad- 
vance or promote one; promovere 
aliquem. You advance nothing; i. e. 
you make little or no progress in your 
6M«n«ss; nihil proraoves. 

To Advance ; i. e. to enlarge the 
em^rire ; imperium pFemovere ; Ovid. 

To Advance, i. e, to accelerate 
one^ space; promovere, accelerare gra- 

He Advanced hhnself much, by the 
brave «nd prosperous management of 
his affairs, in peace and war ; rebus 
suis, tam in pace, quam in bello, prae- 
elarc, prosperoque adeo cum successu, 
gestis, sese plurimum promovit, extulit. 
To advance to honor; ad honores, 
dignitatem, altiorem locum, gradum, 
evehere, provehere, perducere, &c. ut 
supra. Amplioreiti, illustriorem facere. 
Imperium, honores amplissiinos, max- 
imos ; magistratum, fasces, prajfectu- 
ras, alicui deferre, tradere, committere, 
in aliquem conferre ; dignitatem, ho- 
norem, alicujus augere, ampiificare. In 
dignitate, amplissimo gradu, aliquem 
locare, collocare, constituere ; ex tene- 
bris in lucem evocare ; ab obscuritate 
in claritatem yjndlcare ; honore amplis- 
simo, claritate, honoris insignibus, or- 
nare, illuslrare ; ad summura rerura 
apicem, efferre, extollere. — imo toUere 
dc gradu. — tergerainis tollere honoribus. 
Ad imperium efferre. 

WhomvirtueAnvAyiCEii, envy pulled 
down ; quern virtus extulit, eundera in- 
vidia depressit. 

By his own great knowledge, he 
greatly Advanced learning, through 
tlie world ; divitem ingenii proventum, 
in universum orbem effudit. 

To Ad/ance money, or to pay it bC' 
fore the day appointedfor the payment 
of it ; pecuniam in antecessum repree- 
sentare, vel, ante tenipus deponere. 
To advance (neut.), progredior, pro- 
f.ciscor, procedo, proficio : as, To 
ady^pce in learning ; progredi, pro- 



gressum facere in studiis. 

What Advancement have you made 
in your studies 7 quousque progressus 
es, vel, quemnam, aut qualem profite- 
ris progressum, in studiis tuis ? 

He Advances to meet him; progre- 
ditur obviam ei. (^tesar marched on, by 
great journeys, tJlathe might the more 
speedily stop the enemy from advan- 
cing further ; Caesar, ut, ulterior hosti- 
um progressus, citius impediretur, mag- 
nis progrediebatur itineribus. 

To Advance to fighi ; procedere ad 

To Advance slowly; paulatim et 
lente procedere. 

He Advances now much in age ; 
multa jam procedit aetate. 

The matter Advances or goes oh 
but slowly ; res parum "procedit. 

The work Advances apace; opus 
belle procedit. 

The summer being far Advanced ; 
sestate jam adulta ; Tac. Wages adr 
vance much ; magnopere stipendia pro- 
cedunt; Cic. 

Advanced, or preferred; celsus, ex- 
celsus ; auctus, elatus, magnificatus, 
evectus, prorootus, provectus, subla- 

Advanced to great honor ; insigni- 
hus dignitatis excultus ; in sumrao ho- 
nore constitutus ; ex humili loco, ad 
summam dignitatem evectus; Caes. Am- 
plitudine illustratus ; in dignitate coi- 
locatus. Advancement, or pr^erment ; 
dignitas ; fortunse amplificatio ; ampli- 
tudo ; honestus, vel, honestior in Te-» 
publica locus ; conditio allior; commo- 
dior vivendi ratio ; praefectura, &c. To 
be advanced ; honoribus summis, am- 
plissiniis, augeri, ornari, cumulari, el'- 
ferri, affici. In amplissimum ordinem 
ascribi, adraitti, cooptari, assumi, eli^. 
Honores, magistratus a populo sibi da- 
tos, delatos, mandatos habere. Altius ad 
decus et gloriam, ad splendorem et auc- 
toritatem emergere, ascendere, surgere, 
crescere ; ad pinguioremfortunam evehi. 

He was Advanced, or, he passed 
through, all the degrees of honor, %mto 
the highest place of dignity and govern- 
ment, in the kingdom or commonwealth, 
by common, and fall consent, both of 
the senators and people; ad celsissimam 
sedem dignitatis, honoris, ad summum 
imperium, ad summura locum civitatis, 
reipublicae, ad altissimum celsitudini* 
fastigiuin, ad amplissimum honoris cu|« 




men, idque communibus, etplenis, om« 
tiiuni, tain senatorum, quam plebeiorum, 
suffragiis, elatus, evectus erat, ascendit, 
pervenit, aspiravit. Honores amplissi- 
mos, eosque gradatim omnes, consecu- 
tHS, assecutus, adeptus est, obtinuit. 

Your friends r^oice, that you are 
so much Advanced in honor and 
tcealth ; laetantur aniici tui, quod mag- 
nas adeo, tibi, turn fortunas, turn dig- 
nitatis accessiones vident esse factas ; 
vel, quod tua sit dignitas illustrior, do- 
mestica res ampllor, quod et honore 
luagis quam antea, flojpre, et abun- 
dare ceperis fortunse bonis, vehementer 

You are Advanced, by your noble 
deeds, or, acts ; nihil fecisti, nisi quod 
plenissimum sit, amplissimae dignitatis ; 
omnia namque tua facta, cum dignitate, 
veht'menter consentiunt. Quaecunque 
egisti, ad dignitatem omnia spectarunt. 
Tuis iUustribusadmodumfactis, tantam 
adeptus es famam et dignitatem, ut glo- 
rias et immortalitatis praemia tibi deberi 
\-ideantur. Advancement j profectus, 
dignitas, ascensus. 

ADVANTAGE; lucrum, pecuniae 
accessio, commodum, emolumentum ; 
utilitas, commoditas ; compendium ; 
fructus ; quzestus ; jes, commodum. 

An AuvANTAG* or opportunity ; 
commoditas, opportunitas, loci, vel, 
lemporis ; rei gerendae, tempestas, fa- 
cuitas, adjumentum, ampla occasio, et 

Advantageous; commodus, lucra- 

To Advantage ; conducere, prod- 
esse, Usui esse, commodare, commo- 
dum, et utilitatem, atFerre alicui : as. 
That would advantage me little; id 
mihi parum prosit ; Ter. 

Tu make Advantage of the public 
tributes ; lucrum facere ex vectigali- 
bus poblicis ; Cic. That will be for 
their advantage ; id iis lucro futurum 
est. My letters will be no advantage 
to you ; niliil tibi meae literae prode- 
runt; Cic. |/*j/ou ai/c tf^« advantage 
it will be to you ; si roges, quid profu- 
turum sit tibi. 

WhfU is a man Advantaged, if; 
quid prodest cuipiam, si. What ad- 
vantage is it to me 7 quid mihi prod- 
est ? quae milii utilitas ? 

Take that course that will be most 
for your Advantage ; quod tibi utilis- 
timum etit, id consilii capias ; Cic It 


toill be no advantage to the common' 
wealth; id e republica non est, nee 
erit; Cic. 

If he should think ^ic(* Advantage- 
ous /or the commonwealth ; si id e re- 
publica esse, vel fore censeret ; Lit. 

Jf you could ao that with Advan- 
tage to the commonwealth ; si id com- 
modo reipublicae facere posses ; Cic, 
That will be for your advantage ; id,' i 
e re tua erit ; Plant. If it were for 
our advantage ; si ex usu esset nos- 
tro ; Cic. That would be more both 
for your and our advantage ; magis 
in rem et nostrara et vestram id esset ; 
Ter. We look for some advantage 
by them ; eos speramus nobis profutu- 
ros ; Cic. That is not for our ad- 
vantage ; id non est in rem nostram ; 
Ter. Jjf Bacchis shall have any ad- 
vantage by it; si hoc in rem est 
Bacchidis ; Ter. 

He hath the Advantage in place^ 
or ground ; superior est loco ; Cic. To 
have the advantage of one, in learn- 
ing, rhetoric, gravity, virtue, temper- 
ance, good manners, S^c. ; superare ali- 
quem doctrina, arte dicendi, gravitate, 
virtute, temperantia, probis moribus, 
&c. ; Cic. 

He thought it would be of 'great 
Advantage to himself; id magno sibi 
Usui fore arbitrabatur ; Caes. What 
advantage then has he ? quaenam igi- 
tur est ejus praestantia ? It is base to 
make an advantage of the common^ 
wealth ; habere rempublicam qua5stui, 
turpe est. 

For AovANTAGE-safee ; utilitatis 
gratia ; quaestus, commodi,*causa ; Cic. 
Lest they should get advantage of us ; 
ne nos ab iis circumveniamur. You 
were afraid it would not be for yow 
advantage ; metuisti, ne non tibi ist- 
hoc faeneraret ; Ter. 

They defended themselves by the 
Advantages of the place ; se opportu- 
nitatibus loci defendebant ; Caes. This 
was o/gT^ai advantage fo — ^c; haec 
res niaxiine opportuna fuit, ad — 6cc. 

You shall say, you have done that 
kindness to good Advanta-ge ; faene- 
ratum isthuc beneficium tibi pulchre 
dices ; Ter. To let slip one advan- 
tage for another that is greater ; com- 
modum aliquod, majoris adipiscendi 
commodi causa, prceterire ; Cic. To 
let slip or lose an advantage ; occa- 


«onem negotii bene gercndi araitterc ; 
C.X'S. To give one advantage; supe- 
riorem "conditionem cedere. 

To hare Advantage of; przestare, 
'uperior esse, aiicui, aliquo, vel, quani 
uliquis, ant, aliquid, &:c. 

To take the pre."^^ Advantage of 
one ; in ipso articulo aHqucra oppri- 
nierc ; occasionem, ausaui, arripere ; 
uti opportunitate ; facultatera rei non 
praeternutlere ; obsequi lenipestali ; 
urgere occasionem. 

ToADVENlURE; peril litari, pro- 
bare, esplorare, contendere. Hazard; 
exlreniuni discrinienadire ; se periculis 
objicere ; iriuere in flammaruni ipsarum ; dimicationes, et pcricnla vita;, 
capitis, adire, oppetere ; nullum vitje 
discrinieti vitare •, sese dtvovere, injl- 
cere, in medios hostes, in extreraa pe- 
ricula. To try^ or make trial of; au- 
dere, suscipere, aggredi, eniti, tentare, 
pertentare, experiri, moliri, conari, 
adoriri. I'ericlitari, pericu- 
I'iju, e::periiiicntum, facere. Probare, 
aleam jacere. 

Tb Advknture fo sea; vela ventis 
<iare, j)ermitlere. Fragiiem truci com- 
uni?it j)eiago rateni. 

To Adventijbe his life ; proveherc 
ritam in periculiim. 

To x\d VENTURE iAe hazard of war ; 
forlunam belli periclitari, tentare. In 
palaeslram, arenam, certamen descen- 

/ will Adventure, or make trial, 
though upon evident danger; or, on 
any or all hazard; — experiar, discri- 
mine aperlo ; vel, quovis, inia omni pe- 
ricuio; &c. If e adventured, or made 
trial of every thing ; nihil intentatum, 
nil liquit inausuni. I adventure all 
other things to the hazard of fortune ; 
fortunze csetera raando. The ignorant, 
unskilj'ul, and unfaithful physicians 
adventure to make trial of experiments, 
tfiough by the death of tlieir patients ; 
cxperimenta, mcdici indocti, inexperti, 
«»t ptriidi, per raortes puunt. / will 
adventure to seek my fortune ; pericli- 
labor fortunam ; fortunae me objiciara. 

An Adventure ; i. e. danger, or 
fiazard ; periculum, discrimen, ausura. 

An Adventure ; i. e. an accident ; 
•renius, eventum ; alea j sors ; casus, 
accidens ; ex improvise, scil. aut, ino- 
pinato, obveniens. 

At or by Adventure ; temere, 
«a»a ; forte, fortuito ; forsan, forsitan^ 



fortassis, fortasse ; forte fortuna. 

An ADVERSARY; adversarius,ad- 
versator ; infestus aiicui ; oppugnator ; 
lioslis ; antagonista ; inimicus. 

To be an Adversary ; aiicui ad- 
versari ; reniti, resistere ; repugnare. 
A7i adversary, viz. that bears one ill- 
will ; in aliqueni male animatus ; ani- 
rao esse alieno, averse, •oftenso, male- 
volo, iniquo, infense, minus propitio. 
Qui cum aliquo simultates gerit; aut, 
ab aliquo, voluntate dissidet. — cuilae\'a 
voluntas semper. 

We have a fierce, cruel, and obsti- 
nate Adversary or enemy in you; 
acerbo, infenso, vehemente, et crudeli 
te adversario utimur ; infeste nos adver- 

He is a great Adversary to this 
empire ; iuimicissimus huic est im- 

Adverse, or contrary; adversus, 
diversus, discors, adversatus, pugnans, 

The Adverse party ; pars adversa, 
partes diversae. 

Adversity ; adversitas, roiseria^ 
infelJcitas ; adversa, orum ; (neut. pi.) 
res angustic, adversae, infesta;, lapsae, 
lassjB, afflictas. Metaph. procella, nox, 
nubcs ; angustia. 

One that is in Adversity ; afflic- 
tus ; dcjectus, prostratus, jacens. 

He is i«'ADVERSiTY ; est afflictus, 
et jacens ; in multis versatur malis. 
Usque hue, adversa terapestate U8U» 
est. Fatis acerbis, asperis, adversis, 
fertur, urgetur, agitur, agitatur ; fortu- 
na gravi et infensa utitur ; cui nover- 
catur fortuna ; cui afflicta est fortuna. 
Omnibus vexatus est infortuniis ; muU 
lis ditficultatibus conflictatus et cir- 
cumventus est. Miser, calaraitosns, 
serumnosus, afflictus, infortunatus, nii> 
seriis oppressus est. 

To suffer Adversity ; turbulentis- 
simis vitai tempestatibus, yexari, agitari, 
obrui, Onmibus calaraitatum procellis 
objici, exponi ; infensa, infesta, inimi- 
ca, adversa, contraria, gravi, iniqua, 
fortuna uti. Infelici esse cendilione. 
SaeWentis fortunae, vim, impetum, co- 
nalus advcrsos, asperitatem, tela omnia, 
fuimina, dimicationes omnes, assi- 
duas tempestates experiri, pali, sentire, 
subire, perferre, sustinere. IVlultis, 
maximis, inconjmodis et difHcultatibui 
laborare, conflictari. In muUis versaii 
malls. Afflictae, adversa^ res. Magnas, 





incredibiles calamitates hanrire. Diu- 
turnis caiamitatibus, miseriis gravissi- 
niis, infinitis malis affligi, premi, op- 
priini, implicari. FortunsR, iratae, ad- 
versaj, ictibus, procellis, viribus, telis 
percelli> opprimi. A fortuna crudelis- 
sime mulctari ; vehementer, acriter, 
acerbe, graviter oppugnari, vexari. 

/ am in great Adversity ; — res 
procubuere raeae. Usque adversa tem- 
pestate usus sum. Vitara extrema per 
omnia duco, ut miser, calamitosus, 
serumnosns, afflictus, infortunatus ; et 
fatis acerbis, adversis, asperis, ferrl, 
urgeri, agi soliUis. Me mare, me venti, 
me fera jactat hj^ems. Tot mala sum 
passus, quot in asthere sidera lucent ; 

We are in great Adversity ; nos, 
— circumstat densoruraturba malonim. 
Nubila sunt subitis tempora nostra ma- 
lis. Sevae, etscasvae fortunae incursiones, 
pene nos penitus obruerunt. Omnibus, 
adversantis fortunae, telis, patemus, ex- 
ponimur, percellimur. 

To forsake his friend in Adversi- 
ty ; ab afflicta amicitia transfugere. 

To be true to his friend in Adver- 
sity ; nullis fortunae minis ab amicitia 
colenda absterreri. 

To cleave to God in Adversity ; 
in rebus asperis ad Dei clementiam 

To help in Adversity ; arctis in 
rebus opem ferre ; in rebus incommo- 
dis, aliquem sublevare. 

Tt is some comfort to have compa- 
nions in Adversity ; afflictis, aliorum 
cxemplasuntsolatio ; solatium, solamen 
est miseris, multos habere pares. 

Adversity tries friends ; rebus in 
angustis, apparent amici. For, pros- 
perity has many friends, adversity 
few or none ; fortuna secunda amicos 
habet plurimos; adversitas, paucos, 
aut nullos. Donee eris felix, multos 
numerabis amicos, Tempora si fuerint 
nubila, solus eris. 

They canbest bear Adversity who 
are most used to it, or are most ac- 
quainted with it ; adversa minus sen- 
tiunt, qui iis assueverunt : malorum 
consuetudine sensus acerbioramittitur; 
malorum usus, sensum corum, et sen- 
tiendi vim acriorem, magna ex parte, 
aufcrt, et adimit ; adversas res minima 
sentiunt ii, quorum occalluit animus, 
quorum animis callum obduxit diutuma 


To ADVERTISE ; monere, admone- 
re, commonefacere, commemorare ; do- 
cere, edocere, indicare ; edicere, enun- 
ciare, innuere, significare, notificare, 
insinuare ; intimare. 

You must Advertise and tell be- 
forehand; praedicandum et praemonen- 
dum est tlbi. 

To be Advertised ; commonefieri ; 
praescire, resciscere. 

Advertised of all by the ambas- 
sadors ; edoctus omnia per legatos. So 
far past that he will not be adver- 
tised ; admonitionibus modura, locum 
non reliquit. 

To Advertise privily or secretly ; 

An Advertisement ; admonitum ; 
monitum ; admonitio ; denunciatio, 

ADVICE ; consilium, sententia, ar- 
bitratus ; judicium, arbitrium ; animus. 

He will follow nobody's Advice 
but his own ; de sua unius sententia 
gerit omnia. Do nothing without ad- 
vice ; ne quid agas inconstilto. Do 
that with good advice which you can 
do but once ; deliberandum diu, quod 
statuendum est semel. / will always 
follow better advice ; ego melioribus 
semper consiliis locum daturus sum. / 
still follow your advice ; ad te velut 
ad oraculum semper confugio. He did 
that with his friends' advice ; de sen- 
tentia, illud egit amicorum. Help me 
now with good advice, and I shall 
ever after this follow your counsel; 
consilio commodo, hac me vice, subk- 
va ; et semper posthac habebo te nu- 
minis loco. Your advice is good ; 
commode mones. You know what his 
advice is in that case ; ejus senten- 
tiam ea de re intelligis. Who gave 
you that advice ; quae Pallas istuc 
tibi in mentem misit ? 'Twos mine own 
indiscretion ; non Pallas, sed Moria. 
Follow better advice after this; me- 
lioribus posthac utere consiliis. 
Be well Advised ; apud te esto. 
He hath taken the best Advice ; ra- 
tionem inivit commodissimam. Is it 
your advice that I should do so? idne 
estis auctores mihi ut faciam ? / tvill 
be advised by him; in illius ego 
sententia acquiescam. Your advice 
may do no hurt ; non pessime mones. 
To act Advisedly ; excogitata ra- 
tione res suas componere. Prudentissi- 
me, accurate, attentius, diligenter om- 


Hia examinare, anlmo versare, agitare, 
excutere ; mente revolvere : secum re- 
putare, librare, antequam statuat, sus- 
cipiat rem. Omnes actiones suas ad 
perfectam sapientige, prudentiae nor- 
mam dirigere, exigere. Nihil temere, 
inconsulto, raptim, festinanter, titu- 
banter, non suscepto consilio, sine de- 
liberatione, sine raagno consilio, ten- 
tare, attentare, moliri, conari, facere. 

Omnia negotia recte et sapienter, 
consiliis evigilatis, administrare ; ad 
consilii calculos revocare ; accurate 
ponderibus animi librare, perpendere, 
pensitare : recta reputare via. De re 
aiiqua cogitare, meditari : consilium 
inire, capere, multuraque deliberare, 
consultare, priusquam aggrediaris. 

He does nothing in his own affairs 
without serious Advice ; nihil de suis 
statuit rebus, nisi rationibus prius di- 
ligenter subductis. To advise, or give 
advice ; consulo, consulto with a dat. 
pexsuadeo, hortor, moneo ; alicui con- 
sulere, consilium dare, seu praebere. 

To ask Advice ; consulo, consulto ; 
cum accus. In consilium advocare, 
consulere aliquem. 

/Advise them to he quiet ; moneo 
ut quiescant. I am not able to advise 
you; consilii locum non habeo. We 
must take advice j consulto opus est. 
You may say you acted by my advice ; 
fetisse dicas de mea sententia ; Plaut. 
He will do nothing but by my advice ; 
nil is estfacturus quicquam,nibi de raeo 
consilio ; Cic. 

Be well Advised what you do ; nil 
temere facias ; etiam atque etiam vide 
quid ag#s. 

He lacks good Advice ; ductore 
perito, doctoreque indiget. 

/ will be well Advised in this ; jam 
senatum convocabo in corde consilia- 

But, I know a far better Advice 
and counsel for us both to follow ; cae- 
terum, consilium habeo utrique nos- 
trum multo commodius. 

To Advise, consult, or consider of; 
multum deliberare, considerare, cogi- 
tare de re aiiqua ; perquam diligenter 
videre ; etiam atque etiam cogitare, 
consilium capere, de. 

Well-AovisKD ; ^obrius, circum- 
•^pectus, consideratus. 

/ZZ-Advised ; male cautus, incautus. 

Advisedly ; consulte, consulto, co- 

gitate, cogitato, circumspecte, conside- 



rate» caute, studiose, judicato, prajme- 
ditate, parate ; perspicaciter, diligen- 
ter, cogitatim, perspicienter, sobrie, 
modeste, perpense, religiose. 

To act Advisedly ; ex cogitata ra- 
tione res coniponere ; ad consilii calcu- 
los revocare ; nihil temere conari, iScc, 
Done without Advice j temerarius, 

This is my Advice, or counsel, which 
I give, if you tvill be ruled by me ; hoc 
tibi consilii do, tua de laude si laboras, 
tua si tibi laus curae est, cordi : te 
hortor, adhortor, cohortor, et suadeo, 
auctor tibi sum : hoc est meura consi- 
lium : mei consilii hoc est : mea haec 
est sententia, opinio, mens sensus, me- 
um judicium : ita censeo : ita mihi 
videtur, placet, probatur : si me au- 
dies, hoc facies : si meum consilium 
sequeris, mea tibi s'enteutia si probatur, 
me approbante facies, de mea senten- 
tia, meo consilio, meo suasu, me au- 
ctore : si me putas quidquam saperc, 
non esse prorsus insipientem, aliquid 
videre : si meum consilium habet ali- 
quid apud te ponderis, hoc facies, ages, 
aggredieris, suscipies, faciendum tibi 

Some other phrases for, Advice, to 
Advise, or, give Advice, Sfc. 

Whereas you Advise me to — ; 
quod suades, ut — Cic. Som£ advised 
that — ; auctores quidam erant, ut — ; 
Curt. / advise you to; tibi sum 
auctor ut— ; Cic. What do you advise 
we tol or what advice do you give 
me ? quid das consilii ? Ter. He did 
it with good advice ; id bono consi- 
lio fecit; Cic. Advise with him; 
take advice of him; hunc cape con- 
siliis socium; Virg. 'Tis good advice j 
bene mones ; Ter. admones ; Pe- 
tron. Necessity forced me to give 
that advice ; me egestas impulit, ut 
id consulerem ; Ter. He advised 
that the prisoners should not be sent 
back; captivos reddendos non cen- 
suit ; Cic. Whether he did it ad- 
visedly, or turned necessity into 
advice, may be doubted ; consulto 
ne id egerit, an errorem in consilium 
verteret, dubium ; Flor. In one thing 
he was not so very well advised ; in 
una re paulo minus consideratus fuit ; 
Cic. If you ask my advice ; si me 
consulas ; Plaut. They sent for the 
augurs to advise [or, for their ad- 
vice] about that matter ; ad earn rem 



consul tandam augures [ex Hetrurla] 
acciverant ; Liv. He desired a night's 
time to advise [or take advice m] 
what to do ; noctem sibi ad deliberan- 
dum postulavit ; Cic. I will not ad- 
vise you at all ; nihil ego tibi consilii 
hodie quicquam dabo ; Plaut. It is 
no ill advice they give; non male 
prajcipiunt ; Cic. I will take his ad- 
vice ; be advised by him; is, quod 
raihi dederit consilium, id sequar ; 
Ter. To ask advice, or consult ; ali- 
cujus consilium exquirere ; consulere 
quem ; percontari, sciscitari, qua»rcre, 
aiiquem, vel, ab aliquo ; interrogare 
quem ; teiitare senteiitiam alicujus ; 
deferre sententiam ad aiiquem. 

AFFABILITY, w Affableness ; 
affabilitas, comitas. 

Affable ; aiFabilis, comis, blandus, 
summa humariitaie praeditus. 
Affably ; afFabiliter, coiuiter. 
Affable, and courteous, or gra- 
cious, viz. in speaking, or carriage and 
behavior. Blaride, comiter, beiiigne, 
humaniter, perhuuianiter, hum'anissime 
omnes appellare ; gerere se, cuique of- 
ierre, praibere se. Comitate summa, 
affabilitate sermonis, cratione benigna 
uti. In omni sermone omnibus jucun- 
dus, blandus, benignus, comis, facilis, 
iuavis, humanus. Vir sumraas huma- 
nitatis, quo nemo commodior est ad 
omnem rationem huraanitatis ; ex ho- 
minura omnium genere humanissiraus ; 
genuina quadam dulcedine conditus, 
perfasus; ipsis Gratiis natus ; quicum 
consuetudinem jucundam, baud mo- 
lestara habeas, agas. Facile omnes per- 
fenre ac pati cum quibus erat, &c. Ter. 
And. 1. 1. Nihil in eo fcllis, araaritudi- 
nis ; nihil morosum, tetritum, auste- 
rum, truculentum ; sed lenissima be- 
nignissimaquc omnia. Homo Commo- 
dissirais, suavissimis, mitissiniisque mo- 
ribus ; aditu et congressu, alloquio, 
colloquio facillimus, blandissiunis, fa- 
cilitate, comitate par infmiis. Expo- 
situs, familiaris omnibus. Visu facilis, 
dictuque affabilis. 

j4n AFFAIR; res, negotium. 
Affairs, or business ; res, negolia, 
commercia, curae ; res agendje. 
Urgent Affairs; necessitales. 
To handle Affairs ; res gerere, ne- 
gotia tractare. In great and weighty 
affairs, however the matter fall outj 
the very attempt is praiseworthy ; qui 
facinus egregium aggrediuntur, iis, eti- 


amsi non succedat, laus tamen aliqua 
debetur : qui ad res praeclaras animum 
adjiciunt, animum adjungunt, sese ap- 
plicant, sua studia conferunt, praeclaris 
in rebus suam industriam exercent, 
operam ponunt, ii, vel si spem fortuna 
frustretur, fallat, vel si spei exitus non 
respondeat, ut id quod velint, minus 
assequantur, ut quo spectant minime 
perveniant, omni tamen excludendi 
laude non sunt, aliqua tamen eos orna- 
ri laude ajquura est : magna suscipien- 
tibus, ad res egregias, nobiles, praecla- 
ras, eximias aggredientibus, vel si frus- 
tra labor suscipiatur, inatiis opera sit, 
non plane feliciter, non prospere, non 
optime, non oinuino ex animi sententia 
res cadat, habendus (amen honor est : 
praclara conantes, in secundis tertiis- 
que, si consequi prima non liceat, con- 
sistere laus est : (jui ad suramam glori- 
am sua; vit* cursum dirigunt, qui sum- 
ma petunt, ad summa contendunt, 
etiam si spe frustrantur, etiam si, quo 
intenderint non perveniant, etiam si 
metam non attingant, est tamen cur 
laudentur, non sunt omni prorsus laude 
summovendi, decus aliquod, mercedem 
voluntatis egregia;, magni, prajstantis, 
excellentis, excebi, erccti animi prae- 
miura ferre debent. 

My Affairs had been in a better 
case, had you looked to them ; res 
meaj meliores essent, te defensore. Res 
meae bene ex sententia successissent, 
prospere tecidissent, nihil in rebus 
meis accidisset incommode, si tu eas 
gessisses, administrasses, tractasses, cu- 
rasses, procurasses : si rebus meis prae- 
fuisses, operam dedisses, si rerum me- 
arum, fortunaium, cura penes te fuisset, 
ad te pervenisset : si tua in rebus meis 
opera usus essem : si rationes meae te 
curatorem, procuratorem habuissent. 

A^FECTiON ; affectus. us ; studi- 
um, animus, voluntas ; amor, deside- 
riuin ; animi motio, permotio ; mentis 
impetus, aftectio. 

To Affect, or /ore ; diligere. 

Affectionate, or full of affection ; 
amore plenus, aliectum spirans. 

Affected; affectus, animatus, ha- 
bitus, part. 

To more Affection ; afficere. 

Maliciously Afflcted ; malignus, 
lividus, niger. 

To Aifect or delight Die hearer ; 
animos auditorum sibi couciliare ; au- 
ditores benevolos facere, elficere, red- 


dere ; corum mentes qui audiant in- 
riammare, aut iiifiammatos restiuguere. 
Orationem ad sensus animorum adruo- 
vere ; mentes adstantium, verborum, 
orationis, gravitate, et suavitate deliiii- 
re, pernmlcere ; ix.c. 

To move the Aifections by speak- 
ing ; oralione, dicendo in animis au- 
dientiiun ignicalos excitare, aculeos 
relincjuere ; aninios, affectus homiuum 
incendere, accendere, intlammare, ex- 
citare, agitare, commovere, perniiscere, 
quocunque veils trahere, flecterc, dc- 
ducere ; lachrj'mas exprimere, extor- 
quere, voluntates auditorum inipcllere 
quo velis, unde velis deducere ; mentes 
allicere, sensus delinire, demulcere ; 
atficcre, permovere, perturbare, conci- 
tare auditores ; penetrare in animos, 
verborum faces adraovere ; peragrare 
per aninios hominum, sensus mentes- 
que ptrtractare, ut non tarn in aures 
verba infundere,' quam in animis in- 
scribere videafur. Flexanimus. 

You seem to me not only to kindle 
Affection in the judges, but you your- 
self seem also to burn in atFection ; 
tu, non solum incendere judices, sed 
ipse ardere mihi videris ; Cic. 

When their transactions are de- 
clared, how do they Affect our minds ? 
How do they suspend our expectation? 
How do they raise our Affections 
with joy, or cool them with fear? quo 
inodo, cum eorum facta commemoran- 
iur, animos nostros afficiunt ? Exspec- 
tatioue suspendunt ? Pascunt gaudio, 
xnetu raacerant? Cic. 

To bridle the Affections ; cupidi- 
tates indomitas compescere ; afFectio- 
nes inordinatas fraenare ; animum co- 
liibere, vincere. 

To Affect, or set one's mind or 
Affection upon; affectare. 

To Affect or fancy a person; mag- 
nopere aliquem diiigere ; suum, vel 
summum, studium erga aliquem osten- 
dere ; voluntatis inclinatione propen- 
dere in aliquem ; egregie cliarum ha- 
bere, valde prubare. 

Well Affected ; graciously dis- 
posed ; optimeanimatus ; omnescolens 
\irtute3 ; optimis deditus studiis ; sura- 
"lUi?; spei ; probus. 

AFFINITY ; affinitas, propinquitas. 
To have, or be in, alfinity, alliance, or 
kindred. Aliquem cognaiione, affini- 
tafe, necesiitudine attingerc. Maxi- 
mis vinculis ^t propinquitatis et aflini- 



tatis conjunctus. Cognaiione alicujus 
teneri. Eadem stirpe prognatus, onus. 
Cognatione propinqua sanguinis jungi, 
conjungi. Consanguinitate propinquus, 
cum aliquo affinitate devinctus. Quos 
natura necesbitudine conjunxit. Mul- 
tum valet comnmnio sanguinis, magna 
vis humanitatis. Consanguine!, cog- 
nati genere fiunt ; affiuts conjugiis. 
Quam commune mihi genus, et patrue- 
lis origo junxit. 

To AFFIRM ; affirmare, asserere, 
asseverare; testari,attestari; perhiberej 
autumare, dicere ; annuere, astruere, 
defendere, constabilire, corroboraie. 

To Affirm before a judge ; tesfiti- 
cari ; jurejurando affirmare. 

To Affirm peremptorily ; constan- 
ter, certo, pro certo, affirmare, astruere. 
Omni, magna asseveratione, asseveran- 
ter, ore pleno, affirmare, dicere, pro- 
nunciare. Facile, leviter, libenter, ag- 
noscere ; palam, ingenue, sine uHa 
circuitione affi^rmare, proiiteri j -oiimi 
asseveratione, et verbis conceptissiinis 

He Affirms those things too pe- 
remptorily ; nimiura dictatorie et pror- 
sus arroganter ista pronunciat. 

The one Affirms, the Other denies 
it; unus ait alter negat. 

And yet tvhaterer he Affirms, they 
conclude, and stoutly defend ; qujt- 
cunque tamen is asseverat, ilii slatuunt, 
et mordicus defendunt. All men af- 
firm it ; hac de re, in re omnes ununi 
atque idem sentiunt ; omnes, omues 
omnium sententiae, opiniones, judicia 
omnia cougruunt, conveniunt ; sLmiiia 
omnes volunt, dicunt ; unus fere sen- 
sus, consensio singularis omnium : in 
summa hujus negotii omnes conspirant. 
Omnes una mcnte et voce, uno ore 
consentiunt. Omnium assensu, lesti- 
monio confessum, comprobatum est. 
Nullus omnium est qui hac in re dis- 
sentiat, qui non idem et sentiat et 
dicat, Adstruunt hoc idem, ad ununi 
omnes, idque efficacibus arguraentis. 

That thing is Affirmed openly und 
every where; id apud omnes palam 
et ubique testatum est. 

Affirmative ; affirmativus ; aftir- 
mans. The proof lies upon the affirma- 
tive ; affirmanti incurabit prubatio. 

To AFFLICT ; affligere, afflictare, 
infestare ; perturbare, molestiaafficere j 
cruciare, excruciare, vexare ; insectari ; 
exagitare, perscqai, premere, opprimcr'e^ 



I am 80 Afflicted as never any 
man teas ; ita sum aflflictus, ut nemo 
unquam ; Cic. 

Afflicted and troubled in mindj 
and conscience ; anxius, sollicitus, la- 
bes habens in animo ; angoribus im- 
plicatus ; peccatorum conscientia vex- 
atus; rebus adversis exercitus, inqui- 

Afflictions, or troubles^ S^c. ; afflic- 
tlones, calamitates ; res adversae, gra- 
vissimi casus ; acerbitates, perpessio- 
nes acerbs ; asperitas reram ; incom- 
moda ', miseriae. 

Afflicted, wrefcfcfd, Sfc; afflictus, 
TBiser, calamitosus ; in magnas calum- 
nias adductus ; curis maceratus, aerum- 
nosus ; adversis casibus exercitatus. 

To Afflict oneself; macerare se- 
ipsura ; vel, macerari, curis et crucia- 
tibus seipsum torquere. 

Do not sink under Affliction ; tu 
ne cede malis. If you lie under any 
afSiction ; si te dolor aliquis pervellerit. 
To AFF0RI5 ; or to yield or give 
unto ; reddere, retribuere, ministrare, 

To Afford help or assistance; 
opem, vel auxilium, subministrare, sup- 
peditare, suggerere, praebere, dare, pro- 
ferre, tradere, porrigere. 

To Afford in selling; vendere : as, 
I ca»not afford it at so little a price ; 
non possum tantulo vendere. I cannot 
afford it cheaper; non pote minoris. 
I cannot Afford to live so lujcuri- 
ously ; res mihi non suppetit ad tan- 
tum luxum. 

To AFFRONT ; cxprobrare ; pro- 
bris et contumeliis afficere, lacessere. 

To nuike AFRAID ; terrere, perter- 
rere, terrefacere, perterrefacere ; terri- 
tare, terrificare, horrificare ; deterrere, 
expavefacere ; consternare ; perturbare, 

To be Afraid ; pavescere, expaves- 

To make halfArnAJD ; subterrerc. 
To be sotnewhat Afraid ; subli- 
mere, subtimesccre. 

Afraid ; tenitus, perterritus, ter- 
refactus, perterrefactus, expavefaclus, 
deterrilus, exterritus, veritus, pertrepi- 
dus ; languens, viz. pro tiniore : ter- 
rore perculsus ; nietu exanimatus; in 
timorem conjectus ; trepidatione exal- 
bescens ; consternatus, exhorrescens, 
timidus, trcmebundus. Somewhat 
afraid^ trepidulus. 


To be Afraid ; tiraere, metuere, 
formidare, refoimidare, peitimescere, 
horrere, cohorrere, perhorrescere, tre- 
mere, pavere, ex pavescere, trepidare, 
contremiscere, pavescere', horrescere, 
cohorrescere, extimescere, terreri, per- 
terreri, vehenienterconturbari. Magno, 
gravi, eximio, ingenti nielu, pavore, 
timore, terrore, fomiidine angi, affligi, 
vexari, affici, confici, perturbari, 
frangi, opprimi, torqueri, discruciari, 
debilitari, percelli, exanimari, sollici- 
tari, concuti, consternari. Horrorc 
perfundi. Tota niente, omnibus, totis 
artubu* contremiscere. Maximo in me- 
tu esse, versari. 1 errore injecto exal- 
bescere, expavesrere, exhorrescere. 

Jam eery much Afraid ; tremo, hor- 
reo totus. Praj metu ubi sim nescio ; 
vix apud me sum : pectore non con- 
sisto. Animus timore obstupescit, 
Concutit ossa tremor. Obstupuere 
animi gelidusque |)er ima cucurrit ossa 
tremor. Mihi fit tiuior, et pavida tre- 
pidat formidine pectus. 

To be Atraid before the harm; prae- 
timere, praeformidare. 

/ am Afraid / cannot ; vereor, ut 
possum ; Cic. 

To be Afraid of nothing ; nihil ex- 
timescere ; Cic. He is no less afraid 
than any of you ; non minus quam ves- 
trum quivis formidat ; Plaut. Are you. 
afraid to do that? num dubitas id 
facere ? Cic. Cat. / am afraid to 
say ; religio est dicere ; Ter. To make 
afraid by telling of the danger; de- 
nunciatione periculi terrere ; Cic. See 
how far 1 am from being afraid ; 
vide quam non reformidem ; Cic. You 
are afraid it should not be of any long 
continuance ; ne non diuturnum sit fu- 
turum, times; Cic. / am afraid he 
tcill not be able to stand by him ; mt- 
tuo, ut substet ; Ter. 

To be Afraid for another ; alicui 
timere, metuere, formidare. Anxium 
et soiicitum esse ob alterius vicom. 
Anxio et solicito esse animo alterius 
causa. Pro amicissimo capite timere. 
To be afraid of every thing ; omnes 
umbras horrere. Quicquid increpuit, 
extimescere. Vel umbram suam me- 
tuere. Omnia mota vento folia pcr- 
tiinescere, reformidare. Ad omnera 
strepitum expavescere. Meticulosus. 
trepidus, pa\idus, timidus, formido- 

Affright j see Fright. 


AFTER, coming before a noutif 
which is not the nominative case to a 
verby is rendered by one of these pre- 
positions^ viz. a, ab, ex, post, sub. : 

As, After breakfast; ajentaculo; 
Plaut. Long after the war; longe 
a teraporibus belli. Presently after the 
funeral ; statira a funere ; Suet. He 
was a little after their time ; recens 
ab iliorum aitate fuit ; Cic. ^or indeed 
did I go away any where after that 
day ; nee vcro usquam discedebam, ex 
eo die ; Cic. After his death ; post 
ejus mortem ; Cic. Presently after 
tfiat letter, yours was read ; sub eas 
(scil. literas) statim recitatae sunt tufe. 
J am to be out of town after the 
Ides of January ; futurus sum extra 
urbem, ex Idibus Januarii ; Cic. The 
same things will come to pass aft^r 
me which have been before me ; eadcm 
erunt ha?c, post me, quae ante rae fue- 
runt ; Sen. 

Note ; If pla£e of dignity or office 
be expressed, then ex or post is to be 
used: as, 

Cotta, presently After his consul- 
shipf went into Gaul; Cotta, statim 
ex consulatu, profectus est in Gallfam ; 
Cic. He was dead nine years after 
my consulship ; niortuus erat novem 
annis post meum consulatum ; Cic. 

But if the noun be properly or pri- 
mitively personal, there post is to be 
used, not ex : as, 

Callicratides was admiral of the 
navy next After Lysander; Callicra- 
tides, prjBfectus classis proximus post 
Lysandrum fuit ; Cic. That office of 
magistracy was first instituted many 
years after the Decemviri; magistra- 
tus ille niultis annis post Decemviros 
«rat institutus ; Cic. 

After, before a nominative case 
and its verb, is rendered by postquam, 
posteaquam, ubi, cum, and ut : as^ 

After I showed them your man- 
ners ; postquam iis mores ostendi tuos ; 
Ter. After / was gone in ; postea 
quam introii ; Ter. After he was come, 
he went to the consul ; ubi is venit, 
consulem adiit ; liv. After we were 
set down ; cum consedissemus. After 
/ departed from you ; ut abii abs te j 
Ter. — and in this construction, after 
may have that together with it: aa, 
After that he had heard the cock crow ; 
ubi galli cantura audiverat. After that 
he had saluted me, he immediately went 



to Rome; utheri me salutavit, statim 
Romam profectus est ; Cic. 

Sometimes also it is rendered by an 
ablative case absolute : as. 

After that the kings were driteu 
out of the city ; pulsis ex urbe regi- 
bus ; Flor. After that many embas^ 
sies had been sent in vain from bothpar- 
ties ; muitis legationibus nequicquani 
ultrocitroque de pace missis; Liv. 

After, following a noun oftime,is 
rendered by the adverb post, and quam, 
if a verb follow it : as, 

A few days After he fortified his 
camp ; paucis post die bus castra com- 
munivit ; Liv. Hannibal, the third day 
after he came thither, drew out his 
forces for a battle; Hannibal, tertio 
post die, quam venit, copias in aciem 
eduxit ; Liv. An hour after they con- 
demned Gabinius ; bora post Gabini. 
urn condemnaverunt ; Cic. Five days 
after you have gathered them ; quinto 
die quam sustuleris; ColuTa.—thither 
also refer, tanto post ; aliquanto post ; 
paulo post ; baud ita multo post ; 
iongo post tempore. The next three 
days after he was born ; triduo proxi- 
mo quam i,h genitus. The third year 
after Cato had been censor; tertio 
anno quam Cato censor fuerat ; Ma- 
crob. After forty days that we had 
come thither, we gained the city ; post 
dies quadraginta, quam eo ventum est, 
oppido potiti sumus ; Sal. The fourth 
day after that we had come to Britain ; 
post diem quartum quam est in Bri- 
tanniam ventum ; Cses. The next day 
after that he came to the legions ; post- 
ridie quam ad iegiones venit ; Suet. 
The next day after thai he had set sail 
from Brundusium ; postero die quam a 
Brundusio solverat ; Cic. 

Note ; After is not rendered by 
quam but when a verb follows it^ 
which in the English has, or may have, 
that before it; and where quam is 
used, it is put for postquam : as. 
The fifth day After they had received 
answer from the senate; quinto die 
quam a senatu responsum accepisseut; 
Liv. Seven years after hi liad been 
consul; septem annis postquam con- 
sul fuisset ; Cic. 

After, following a verb, is often 
part of the signification of that verb, 
and is included in the Latin verb it' 
self: as. 

For there the man gapes Aftsb 



your inheritance like a hungry wolf; 
nam illic homo tuam hsereditatem in- 
hiat, quasi lupus esuriens ; Plaut. Sic; 
They gape after my goods ; bona mea 
inhiant ; Plaut. He looks not after 
any thing to find fault with it ; Hon 
inquirit quod repreliendat ; Cic. (Se- 
neca also has gazis inhians, in 
Her. Fur.) 

After, when it signifies according 
to, especially if it have after it any of 
these words, manner, sort, fashion, Sfc. 
is rendered by ad, de, in, or an abla- 
tive case of the manner, without a pre- 
position : as, Make it after the same 
manner, that — ; adeundem modum fa- 
cito, qui — ; He calls him after his own 
name; suo dicit de nomine; Virg. 
After the fashion of a garden ; in mo- 
rem horti ; Colum. After my own 
manner; meo modo ; Plaut. He rais- 
ed money after Pompey's manner; 
descripsit pecuniam ad Pompeii ratio- 
nem ; Cic. For she had hung her 
light hunting-bow upon her shoulders 
after the usual fashion ; nanique hurae- 
ris, de more, habiiem suspenderat ar- 
cum ; Virg. When tee had plentifully 
feasted after the Salian manner ; cum 
opipare epulati essemus Saliarera in 
modura ; Cic. In the mean time suf- 
fer me to live after 7ny own custom ; 
sine nunc meo me vivere interea modo ; 
Ter. After or according to my ancient 
way of pleading ; meo pristino more 
dicendi ; Cic. 

After, r(ferring to proximity of 
degree, order, or succession, is ren- 
dered by juxta, proxirae, secundum, 
and sub : as, 

Nigidius is a man, as I think, the 
most learned next after Farro himself ; 
Kigidius homo, ut ego arbitror, juxta 
Varronem doctis«inius ; Gell. He is 
the wisest of men, who readily appre- 
liends what is needful to be done ; and 
he comes next after him, who accom- 
modates himself to the good invention 
of another ; sapientissimus est, cui 
quod opus sit, ipsi in mentem veniat, 
proxime accedil, qui alterius bene in- 
ventis se tomperat ; Cic. Next after 
converse with you, there is nothing 
more estcemtd by me than solitude 
itself; secundum le, nihil est luihi 
amicitius solitudine ; Cic. After that 
the horse had done fighting, then the 
foot began to fight ; sub equestris fi- 


nem certaminis, coorta est pugnapfedi- 
tum ; Liv. Next after God it is in 
your power ; juxta Deos in tua manu 
est ; Tac. Next after these they are 
dear who follow your studies ; proxime 
hos chari, qui studiorura tuoruiu sunt 
a;muli ; Cic. Next after his brother 
he attributed most to them ; quibus 
ille secundum fratrem plurimum tri- 
buebat ; Cic. Your letters were read 
presently aitQT those ; sub eas [literas] 
statim recitatae sunt tuze ; Cic. He 
was a little after his time ; erat paulo 
iBtate posterior ; Cic. The next day 
after he liad killed him ; proximo die 
quo euiu interemerat. It was not long 
after ; baud ita muUum interim tem- 
poris fuit ; Liv. In the mean while, 
and that but a little while after he 
came ; interim neque ita longo inter- 
vallo ille venit; Cic. To think on 
one thing after another ; aliam rem ex 
alia cogitare ; Ter, One after another, 
i. e. in order; ex ordine ; Cic. They 
were after their time ; inferiures erant 
quam illorum sbtas ; Cic. An hour 
after ; interposito unius horas spatio ; 
Colum. To wait day after day; di- 
em de die exspectare ; Cic. A little af- 
ter; brevi post tempore; postea ali- 
quanto ; Cic. He staid there the next 
day after; ibi diem posterum commo- 
ratus est ; Cic. Then he walked on 
the shore, after that into the bath; 
inde ambulavit in littore, postha^c in 
balneum ; Cic. 

We put off the discourse till After- 
wards ; in posterum distulimus ser- 
monem ; Cic. To have a foresight 
of what will follow afterwards ; in pos- 
terum prospicere ; Cic. We will con- 
sider of these things afterwards ; pos- 
teriusista ; Cic. They will 
have cause to rejoice afterwards ; fiet, 
ut postmodo gaufleant ; Liv. Some 
u7u/e after; interjecto delude tempore. 

After is sometimes put for aftex- 
wards ; after that time, or from thence- 
forward ; and then it is rendered b^y 
exinde or postea : as, I saw her but 
once, and 1 never saw her afterwards ; 
illam ut primum vidi, nunquani vidi 
f)ostca ; Plaut. — and sometimes also 
by post : as, At fi.rst indeed of my 
oivn accord, but afterwards by your 
intimation, I thought fit to send — ; ut 
initio mca sponte, post autem invitatii 
tuo, mittendum duxerim — : Cic. — and 


iwometimes also by posterius ; <m, Vos 
priores esse oportet, nos posterius di- 
cere ; ye are to speak first, and we 

After, being an adjective, is ren- 
dered by posterior, inferior : as, JEi&te 
posterior ; vel, inferior, &c. vide supra. 
After, i. e. behind, is rendered by 
pone, a tergo ; vel, post tergum ; and 
so post teinplura. 

One After another ; altemus, al- 
ternafim, invicem, ex ordine. 
Afternoox ; post meridiem. 
The Afternoon ; tempus poraeri- 
dianuni vel postmeridianuro. 

After tlie same sort as ; quemad- 

AGAIN ; iterura, denuo, rursu8,rur- 
sura, de integro, ex integro, ab integro, 
iterato, secundo. 

As if the commons were Again to 
be called to the Aventine hill ; ut rur- 
•us plebs in Aventiiuim se-vocanda 
videatur ; Cic. I seem to myself to 
be bom again, because I liace found 
thee ; iteruni railii recens videor natus, 
quod te reperi ; , Plaut. Plays not 
worth reading over again ; fabulas 
non satis dignae, qua iteru^i legantur ; 
Cic. When they had lifted up them- 
«6/t7£» again ; cum se rursus extulissent ; 
Flor. A little after he went in again j 
baud muUo post recepit se intro de- 
nuo ; Ter. To fall sick again ; de in- 
^ tegro, incidcre in morbum ; Cic. 

K ^ Again sometimes signifies the same 
S as back ; viz. after verbs signify- 
W' ingy to come, call, fetch, bring, Sfc. 
W. And it is mostly implied in the verb 
compounded with re : as, He wrote 
to me again ; is ad me rescripsit. / 
come again to what I wrote in the be- 
ginning; redeo ad illud quod initio 
scripsi ; Cic. / do not require again 
those things that we re by violence taken 
from me; quae per vim erepta niihi 
sunt, noM repeto ; Cic. Ve are they 
who chiefiy called me back ajiain ; vos 
estis, qui maxime me repetistis, atque 
revocastis ; Cic. 

Note; The use of Again in Eng- 
lish, and of iter urn in Latin, for, 
the second time, is ekgant : as, I 
named him again, and the tidrd time ; 
ilerum, ac tertio nominavi ; Cic. He 
was twice preserved by me, once alone 
and apart, but againu'ifA all of them; 
bia a me servatus est, separatiiu semel, 
iterum^ cum universis. 



Again sometimes is put for here- 
after ; and then it is rendered by post, 
posthac, or, postea : as. Care is to be 
taken that such a thing should never 
happen again hereafter ; id ne unquam 
posthac accidere possit, providendura 
est ; Cic. If ever I find you again in 
this street ; si in platea hac te otifen- 
dero post unquam ; Ter. If ever he 
do so again j si unquam posthac ; Cic. 
Whom I had never seen before, nor 
should ever see again 5 quem ego nun- 
quam ante videram, nee eram postea 
visurus ; Liv. 

Again sometimes notes doing a 
thing by course, and in a way of cor- 
respondency to some other thing that is 
done, and then is rendered by contra, 
invicem, and vicissim ; also by mutuus 
and mutuo : as, If she shall commend 
his beauty, do you again commend hers ; 
si laudabit hapc illius formam, tu hujus 
contra ; Cic. Now you have the affairs 
of the city, do you again write what 
is done in the country ; habes res ur- 
banas ; invicem rusticas scribe ; Plin. 
What is just, is honest ; and again, 
what is honest, is just ; quod justum 
est, honestum est ; vicissimque quod 
honestum est, justum est j Cic. Your 
love to me again j tuus erga me mH-, 
tuus amor J Cic. But I kn€w wliat 
he meant; and again, he perceived 
what I thought; sic et ego quid ille, 
et contra, ilJe, quid ego sentirem, vide- 
bat; Cic. At last, let Italy have a 
little rest, which has been so long t7i 
trouble ; and let Africa again be de- 
stroyed by fire and sword ; requiescat 
aiiquando tamdiu vexata Italia ; uratur, 
vasteturque invicem Africa ; Liv. Ye 
are scoffed at by him, and again, ye 
yourselves mock him ; vos ab illo irri- 
demini, et ipsi ilium vicissim eluditis ; 

Again and again t* rendered by 
iterum or etiam repeated with a con- 
junction : <ts, I beseech you again aiul 
again ; te eliam atque etiam rogo ; Cic. 
So in Vifg. prsdicam, et repetens 
iterumque itenimque monebo ; /En. 3. 
It thunders again and again ; iteium 
at(jue iteruni fragor intonat ingens ; 
Virg. Consider again and again ; etiam 
atque etiam cogita ; Ter. 

Some other phrases. 

As big a.^}i\n ; altero tanto major; 

. Cic. Xf ever he offend again ; noxara 

si aliam unquam admiserit uUain ; Ter. 



/ entreat you again and again ; iterum 
et saepius te cogo ; Cic. We must 
take heed, that we say not over again, 
tchat we have said once before ; ca- 
vendurn est, ne id, quod serael supra 
diximus, deinceps dicamus ; Cic. He 
so cast what was left out of the cupj 
that it sounded again ; reliquum sic 
e poculo ejecit, ut id resonaret ; Cic. 
I will be here again instantly ; jam hie 
adero j Ter. You may quiet your mind 
again, for nobody follows or pursues 
you ; raentera jam tuam rursum sedare 
facile potes ; nemo nanaque te insequi- 
tur aut impellit. 

To be Against ; obsistere, obluctari, 
obstare, reniti, oppugnare, irapugnare, 
contra stare ; adversari, resistere, re- 
pagnare ; alienari, abhorrere, asper- 

To be dashed one Against another; 

Striving Against ; obluctans, ob- 
luctatus, obstans, impugnans, oppug- 

Against, or contrary to ; advcrsus, 
adversuni, contra, in, cum accus. prfe- 
ter, et ob, scil. in compos. Item a, ad, 
ante, dum, &c. For the particle 
against, referring to something to be 
done by, or at some set future time ex- 
pressed, is rendered by in, with an 
accusative case : aSj Against the even- 
ing ; in vesperum ; against to-morrow 
or the next day ; in crastinum ; Plaut. 
He invited him to supper against the 
next day ; ad coenam eum invitavit in 
posterum dieju ; Cic. He prepared a 
purifying sacrifice against the next 
day; sacrificium lustrale in diem pos- 
terum paravit ; Liv. 

But if only a verb with its nomina- 
tive casCy and not any noun of time, be 
expressed after it, then Against is 
rendered by dum, with a verb : as, 

They made ready the present 
Against he came; interea parabant 
nmnus suum, dum veniret. 

Against, joined with over, has 
reference to tlie opposite position of 
sovie thing, person, or place ; and is 
I'oidered by ex advcrso, or e regione : 
as, Tfiat house was straight over"- 
against the otJier ; erat ha;c domus 
huic plane ex ad verso ; Ter. The 
mmn when it is just over-against, or 
opposite to, the sun, is eclipsed; luna, 
cum est e regione solis, deficit ; Cic. 
Over-against that place; ex adverse 

, AG 

ei loco ; Ter. Over-against one oS 
those bridges ; e regione unius eorum 
pontium ; Caes. 

Against, implying something done 
or said to the offence, damage, or preju- 
dice, of another, is rendered by adver- 
sus, adversum, and in, with an accus.: 
as, This was the end of the civil wars; 
the rest against foreign nations. Hie 
finis armoruni civilium ; reiiqua adver- 
sus exteras gentes ; Flor. He iised to 
arm others against himself ; adversum 
se, alios armare solebat ; Cic. That 
was spoken by Plato against the philo- 
sophers ; id, apud PlatoneiB, est in 3 
philosophos dictum ; Cic. Money ga- M 
thered up against the commonwealth; 
pecuniae conciliatae adversus rempubli- 
cam ; Cic. Should I speak or plead 
against him? Adversum ne iliuiv 
causam dicerem — ? Ter. He thought 
it spoken somewhat harshly against 
him; dictum in se inclementius existi- 
mavit. In this sense also, for against, 
Cicero tises contra : as, Contra nos ; 
against tis ; pro Quint. 

Against, signifying contrary to, is 
rendered by adversus, and contra, also 
by praeter sometimes ; viz. when there 
comes after it, mind, thought, will, 
law, manner, custom, right, just, good, 
and the like : as, 

i tciii not strive Against you ; non 
contendam ego adversus te ; Cic. It 
was against his mind it fell out so ; 
praeter voluntatem, cogitationeraque, 
accidit ; Cic. He strives against the 
stream ; contra torrentem brachia diri- 
git ; Juv. 

When contrary to the will, nature, 
Sfc. of the agent is expressed, then, for 
Against, invitus, aiul invite, are ele- 
gantly used: as, A wise nmn doth 
nothing against his will; sapiens nihil 
facit invitus ; Cic. Do nothing against 
your nature ; nihil facias iuvita aiiner- 
va ; Hot. 

Against, importing to refuse, op- 
pose, or hinder, is made Latin by a 
word or phrase of like import : as, I 
am against it ; animus abhorret a [abj. 
It may very easily be done, if the se- 
nate be not against it ; facillimum fac- 
tu sit, non aspernante senatu ; Cic. 

Against, denoting defence or pre- 
servation, is rendered by a, ad, adver- 
sus, and contra : as, I defend the 
myrtles against the cold ; defendo a 
frigore myrtos ; Virg. We may be 


guarded against strangers ; fecti esse 
ad alienos possumus — ; Cic. I defend' 
ed myself by arms against him; me 
armis adversus eum defend! ; Liv. None 
stood more firmly to the senate against 
the wretched commons ; nemo, contra 
perditos cive^, a senatu stetit constan- 
tius ; Cic. 

Against, after a verb of motioHj 
is made Latin by ad, or in : as, Lest 
thou dash thy foot against a stone ; ne 
otFendas ad Japidem pedem tuum. The 
billows beat against the shore ; fl actus 
illidnntur in littus ; Quint. 

Some other phrases. 

It will not 6e Against your duty to 
do eithei' of them ; utrum vis salvo of- 
ficio facere potes ; Cic. You have 
nought to say against her ; cui tu nihil 
dicas vitii ; Ter. If he offends in any 
thing, it is against me ; si quid peccat, 
mihi peccat ; Ter. They run their 
heads one against another; adversis 
concurrunt frontibus ; Martial, They 
are so very much against a republic^ 
that — ; ita a republica sunt adversi, 
ut — ; Cic. Be sure you get it done 
against this night ; ante istam vespe- 
ram opus expeditum approbato ; Ap- 
pul. Against nature; invita niinerva ; 
adversante natura ; Cic. To sail con- 
trary to, or against, the course of the 
river ; adversus flumen navigare ; Plant. 
Their practices are quite contrary to, 
or against you ; adversa vobis urgent 
vestigia ; Cic. He is too severe not 
only against equity, but also against 
the law and custom of the city; prae- 
, ter morem atque legem civium, nimi- 
um ipse durus est, praeter aequuraque 
et bonum ; Ter. But if they hate 
done any thing against civility; si 
quid contra morem consuetudinemque 
civilem fecerint; Cic. Against all 
right and reason; contra jusfasque; 
Cic. To contrive any thing against 
the pleasure of Heaven ; Deo ad verso 
aliquid comminisci, moliri. We have 
been hitherto in a season extremely 
against 1/5; ita adversa usque terapes- 
tate usi sumus ; Ter. He did as much 
as he could by words against your repu- 
tation; verbis, inhumaniter, ab illo 
impugnata est dignitas tua ; acerba 
nimis, adversus tuam dignitatem, ejus 
fuit oratio : inhoneste admodum de te 
locutus est : et in te sic, ut acerbias 
aut inhonestius non potuerit. He mar- 
ried /icr against his unll; ille invitusil- 



lam duxerat ; Ter. I took the city of Ca- 
pua against my will ; invite, cepi Ca- 
puam. It was indeed against my xoiU, 
that I removed Flaminius from the 
senate ; invitus quidem feci, ut Fla- 
minium e senatu ejicerem ; Cic. At 
first, his colleague was nof against him, 
but afterwards he also assisted him in 
it ; primo, non adversante, post etiam 
adjuvante collega ejus ; Cic. Ye, ye 
I say, yourselves, and a full senate, or 
the senate often was against it ; vos, 
vos, inquam, ipsi, et frequens senatus 
restitit ; C c. Unless the seniors or 
elders had been against it ; nisi seni- 
ores obstitissent ; Curt. I am not any 
way against it, but that — ; non recuso, 
nihil impedio,quo minus — ; Cic. lam 
not against his opinion; ejus opinioni 
non repugno ; Cic. That they might 
be the more safe and secure against 
the assault of their neighbors; ut 
tutiores, a finitimorum impetu, essent ; 
Liv. It may be very well thought 
strange, what kinds of herbs have 
been observed by physicians for reme- 
dies against the bitings of beasts, 
against the diseases of the eyes, and 
against wounds, Sfc; mirari licet, quae 
sint animadversa, a medicis, herbarum 
genera, ad morsus bestiarum, ad oculo- 
rum morbos, ad vulnera, &c. ; Cic / 
know that you use to defend me 
against my unreasonable adversaries ; 
scio me a te contra iniquos meos solere 
defendi; Cic. To set up ladders 
against the walls; erigere scalas ad 
mcenia, aut ad muros ; Liv. To run 
blindfold, as it were, or hood-winked, 
against one ; incurrere in aliquem caeco 
impetu ; Cic. The sea doth beat its 
waves against the rocks; pontus in 
scopulos undas erigit ; Lucan. '' To 
dash one's foot against o stumbling- 
block in the way; offendere ad stipi- 
tem ; Colum. The ship was broken 
against the rocks; puppis offendit in 
scopulos ; Ovid. 

An AGE ; stas ; seculum ; sevura^ 
ae vitas. 

To be Aged ; consenescere ; .&c. 
vide To be old. 

Old Age ; or great age ; senecta, 
senium, senectus ; grandaevitas, longae- 
vitas ; aetas ingravescens ; percursa et 
exacta aetas ; annorum multorum cur- 
riculum ; terminus vitae. 

Aged,, or stricken in years ; aetate 
provectus ; annis quam plurimis affec- 



tus ; natn grandis ; tristis ac decrepi- 
tus senex ; annis ac pannis obsitus ; 
qui multos annos attigit ; grandajvus, 
grandiusculus, maturus. 

Infancy, or the Age until seven 
years; infantia ; an infant ^ or one of 
that age ; irifans. 

Childhood ; or the Age from seven 
to fourteen; pueritia; a hoy, or one 
of tliat age : puer. 

Youth ; or the Age from fourteen to 
twenty-eight ; adolescentia ; a youth, 
or one of that age ; adolescens. 

Manhood; or the Ag% from twenty- 
eight to fifty ; juventus ; aetas virilis vel 
constans. A young man of that age ; 

The Age from fifty to seventy ; gra- 
ritas. An elderly man of tliat age; 

The Age. from seventy to death ; se- 
nectus, senecta. An old than, or one 
of that age ; senex. 

Extreme old Age, or the end of this 
age ; senium, jetas decrepita, aevltas. 
A very old manf or one of tliat age ; 
senex decrcpitus. 

Of or belonging to old Ac^ ; senilis. 

The Age of fourteen in man, and 

twelve in women ; ubertas, ephebia ; 

one of that K^e •■, ephebus, pubcs, vel 

puber-feris ; adject. 

iVon-AoE, Mwdfr-AGE, or tender 
Age ; jptaiula, minoritas, parvitas. 

An Age, or term of one hundred 
years ; seculum, scclum, aevuni, a;tas. 
Full grown in age ; adultus. In the 
flnwer of his age ; integra sctate. Of 
the same age, or time ; coaevus, coa;- 
taneus, contemporaneus, equaevus, 
equalis. Equals, or those of the same 
nge; cojevi, coaetanei. Ejusdem aeta- 
tis ; ajtate, annis, pares, aequales ; 
quibas parilis est aetas. Sub eodem 
astro, sidere, nati, Eadem aetate. — 
iEtate ac viribus aqui — acta non alio 
rege pueritia, mutataque sinml toga. 

He is of Age ; ex pueris excessit ; 
adultus est, adolevit, Ktatem habet. 

At sixteen years of Age ; annos 
natus sexdecira ; Ter. When he is six- 
and'thirty years of age ; ubi setas ac- 
cessit ad annos triginta sex ; Cato. 
He wrote it when he was fourscore and 
fourteen years of age ; quarto et no- 
nagesirno anno scripsit; Cic. Nor 
indeed could she for age ; neque, per 
ctatem etiam poterat ; Ter. 

The best philosopher that this Age 
mffords ; princcps bujus «tatis philo- 


sophorum ; Cic. For so many ages ; 
per tot secuia ; Jiiv. As soon as ever 
he was of age ; ubi primum adolevit ; 
Salust. There is not three days' differ- 
ence between their age ; triduum non 
inter eos est aetatis ; Plant. At this 
age ; boc aetatis ; Plaut. At that age ; 
tantus natu ; Plaut. / know my own 
age ; scio ego quid setalis sim ; Plant. 
lie may for his age ; perjetatera licet; 
Ter. Now inmy old age ; nunc exacta 
aetafe ; Ter. 

Worn out with Age, sickness, and 
calamities of war ; confectus senio, 
raorbo, bellorumque calamitatibus. 
He bears his age well; or, he looks as 
youTig as if he were not thirty years 
old; neque canities adest, neque ru- 
gosa cutis ; — vigent oculi, nitet utrin- 
que dentium series, color vividus est, 
corpus succulentum. When I was a 
little lad about eight years of age; 
puer cum essem ipse, natus octo plus 
nanus annos ; oclennis puer. Being 
in his best, or in the prime of his age ; 
tirinata jam aetate. 

Tell me truly of wJuit Age are you? 
die, bona fide, quot annos, numeras ? 
quotum numeras setatis annum ? / 
was then about such an age ; id fere 
aetatis, tunc forte fui. For his age, lie 
might seem to be lialf a man and half 
a 6oy;— potcratquc puer, juvenisque 
videri. His age hath passed childhood ; 
ad maturitatem adolevit. Old age 
comes creeping on ; aVas ingravescens, 
crepusculum vita;, appropinquat. Sc- 
nescunt sensim sine sensu. Of one 
year's age ; anniculu^, hornus, horno- 
tinus. Of the first age ; primaevus. 
The third age ; trigonia. The state 
0/ an age, or time, whether it be ad- 
versity or prosperity ; scena. 

Agedlv ; seniliter, vetuste. 

In this Age 3 hodie, nunc dierom, 
hisce diebus. 

Of full Age ; in viros transcripli. 
Virilem sumpsit togam. Nuces reli- 
quit. In lubrico virentis astatulae. In 
illo adolescentiae lubrico, ut nou ca- 
dant, titubant tamen. Ut .quasi ad 
juventje florem pervenerit. 

Every Age lias its proper use and 
end appointed by God himse{f; aetas 
omnis a Deo proprium officium habet. 
Ex Sen. inThebaide ; Propria descri- 
bit Deus — Ofticia, et aevum per suo« 
ducit gradus. — Laetitia juvenem, from 
decet tristis senem. 

Every Age brings something ncw4» 


the world, and greatly contributes to 
the growth of knowledge and learn- 
ing ; aetas aliquid novi secura appor- 
tat, atque ad scientiara raaxirae con- 

Age seasons and tempers wisdom 
and experience; ajtas sapientiae con- 
diinentum est ; Ter. in Adel. Nun- 
quara ita quisquam bene subducta ra- 
tione ad vitam fuit,— quin res, aetas, 
usus semper aliquid apportet novi : — 
aliquid raoneat, ut ilia, quae te scire 
credas, nescias : — et quae tibi put^is 
prima, in experiundo repudies. 

Age fades and perishes as the rose ; 
ajtas ut rosa perit; Auson. in Rosa. 
Collige, virgo, rosas, dum flos novus, 
et nova pubes, — Et meraor esto aevum 
sic properare tuum. 

Age is not so much to he considered 
in a man, as his virtue ; aetas non in 
homlne, sed virtus consideranda. Cic. 
in Cat. Maj. Non cani, non rugag re- 
pente auctoritatera afFerre possunt, sed 
honeste acta superior aetas fructus auc- 
toritatis praebet extremos ; Id. in Phil. ; 
virtutis quam ajtatis cursus celerior. 

Unto whom every Ace is trouble- 
so)ne ; aetas oranis quibus sit molesta. 
Cic. ia Cat. Maj. Quibus enira nihil 
opis est in ipsis ad bene beateque vi- 
venduni, iis omnis gravis est aetas: 
qui autem omnia bona a seipsis pe- 
tunt, iis nihil potest malum videri quod 
naturae necessitas afferat. 

To AGGR A V ATE ; or to make more 
than the matter is ; aggravare, exagge- 
rare, exasperare, accumulare. An ag- 
gravation, aggravating; exaggeratio, 
exasperatio, accuraulatio. To aggra- 
vate ; i. e. to m^tke a cause mare hei- 
nous ; oratione, dictis aliquid exagge- 
rare, aggravare. Rei indignitatem, 
peccati atrocitatera verbis amplificare, 
augere. Rem invidiosiorem et aci- 
diorem verbis facere. Rem parvam 
verbis magnara facere j iuvidia cumu- 
lare, onerare. Causam per se minima 
malara, acrhnonia, acerbitate verborura 
pessimam reddere, Vituperando rem 

To Aggravate one^s faults; aggra- 
vare aliquem ; Quint. ; vei,culpas ejus 
in crimina exaggerare. 

The disease is Aggravated, or 
grows Jieavy, or worse; morbus ag- 

To AGITATE ; agitare. 

To Agitate, or to revolve often 



something in his mind ; agitare ali- 
quid mente, aut animo, vel in mente. 

To Agitate, or vex his mind with 
careful thoughts; curis et cogitationi- 
bus anxiis animum agitare. 

To be Agitated, i. e. hurried, or 
vexed with Furies, injuries^ ^c; Fu- 
riis, injuriis, &c. agitari« 

AGO ; or before this time; abhinc. 
Ziong" ago J olim ; pridera,jampridem, 
dudum, jamdudum. A while ago ; 
jamdudum. How long ago ? quam 
dudum ? Ter. quam pridem ? But a 
while ago ; non ita pridem ; Cic. How 
long ago was that thing done ? quam- 
diu id, sive quam dudum isthuc fac- 
tum est ? Plaut. How long ago is it 
since you have eaten? quampridera 
non edisti? At what time? about 
fifteen years ago ; quo tempore ? annis 
abhinc quindecira ; Cic. vei, fere ab- 
hinc annos quindecim ; Ter. Some 
years ago ; aliquot ante annis j Cic 
So m^iny years ago ; tot annis lapsis, 
seujprjBtejitis ; Cic. About eight hun- 
dred years ago ; ante annos fere oc- 
tingentos. Thirty days ago ; abhinc 
triginta diebus. / told you long ago ; 
jamdudum dixi; Ter. We ourselves 
have seen almost all those same things 
long ago ; ipsi nos pridem vidimus 
eadera fere omnia ; Plin. His opinion 
was long ago exploded; bujus jampri- 
dera explosa sententia est j Cic. It is 
but a little while ago since he died ; 
nuper est mortuus ; Cic. It is not 
long ago since; baud sane diu est 
cum — ; Plaut. You look fairer now 
than you did some time ago ; formosior 
videre quam dudum ; Ter. It is long 
ago since we drank; jamdiu factum 
est postquam bibimus ; Plaut. 

AGONY ; angor. 

Full 0/ Agony ; animum agens. 

To be full of AooNy ; extremis angi 

To be in Agony ; i. e. to be vexed 
to the bottom of the heart; intimis 
angi sensibus. 

To put one's mind in Agony or vex- 
ation ufith inconveniences ; angere 
aliquem, vel animum alicujus, incom- 

To put himself in AooNy ; i. e. to 
vex himself in his mind ; angefe se 
animi, vel animo j Ter. 

To have his mind in Agony ; i. e. 
to be grieved concerning any thing ; 
angi animo, de aliqua re. 



To be in Agony for his losses, da- 
mages ; or to be vexed for /iw oicn in- 
conveniences; incomraodis angi suis ; 
Cic. To be in agony through desire ; 
i. e. vehemently to desire ; angi desi- 
derio. ^To be in agony with the ex- 
pectation of any thing ; angi exspec- 
talione alicujus lei. 

To AGREE ; assentire, assentiri, 
astipulari, consentire ; annuere ; accli- 
nare, respondere, favere, acquiescere, 

To be Agreeable or acceptable 
to ; esse gratus, acceptus, jucundus. 

Agreement or consent; consensus, 
consensio, condictum ; concentus, con- 
centio ; unaniniitas ; conspiratio, foe- 
deratio, confoederatio, transactio, pac- 
tio ; unio, unitas, compositio ; pactum. 

Agreeableness ; convenientia, 
conformitas, congruentia, congruitas, 
competentia, concordantia, concordia; 

Agreeable or convenient; com- 
pos, consonans, congraus, consenta- 
neus ; conveniens,^concordans ; aptus, 
cognatus ; gratus, secundus. 

Agreeably j competenter, congm- 
enter ; congrue, apte, constanter. 

To Agree wpon; condicere. 

To Agree and help one another; 
conspirare, conjurare. 

Agreed upon ; pactus, transactus, 
prjBstitutus ; pactitius. 

Agreeing or assenting ; assen- 
tiens, consentiens, astipulans ; an- 
nuens, farens, respondens, acquies- 
cens, subserviens. 

Agreeing together; congruus, con- 
veniens, consonans. ^ 

-4n Agreement or covenant ; pac- 
tum, f oedus. An agreement or recon- 
ciliation ; reconciliatio. 

According to A GJis.EMi,ST ; ex pacto, 
ex compacto, ex composito, de com- 
pacto. To come to an agreement ; ad 
concordiam adduci. To be at agree- 
ment; concordare. Articles of agree- 
ment ; fcedeiis seupacti, articuJi, con- 
ditiones, aut capita. 

Not <o Agree, or be Agreed ; dis- 
jungi ; minime concordare, consentire. 

Not Agreeing or Agreed ; dis- 
junctus, minime concordans, assenti- 
ers, &c. 

Hinc varicB Phraseologiee : as, 
To agree about or upon affairs ; con- 
sentire de rebus; Liv. They do 


not agree upon that business; non 
consentitur super ea re. They agree 
together amongst themselves about 
those things ; de hisce rebus, inter se 
consenserunt ; Plant. They will hare 
their days and months to agree with 
the course of the sun and moon ; suos 
dies mensesque congruere volunt cum 
solis lun?eque ratione ; Cic. These 
arts or sciences seem to agree together ; 
haj disciplina; sibi consentaneae esse 
videntur; Cic. X/' lie agree with him- 
self ; si sibi ipse consentiat ; Cic. Ail 
are agreed upon it ; inter omnes hoc 
constat ; Cic. The phihsophers agree 
witK these ; cum his philosoplu con- 
sentiunt ; Quint. Authors agree they 
should be no higher ; auctores consen- 
tiunt non altiorcs esse debere ; Piin. 
/ agree with you in opinion ; assentio, 
assentior tibi ; Cic. tecum sentio ; 
Plaut. They agreed upon a truce, i. e. 
to have one; inducias condixerunt ; 
Justin, ad inducias consenserunt y 
Suet. 7 agree icith other writers ; 
constat mihi cum caeteris scriptoribus ; 
Cic. It is not agreed on by all ; uon 
constat inter omnes ; Cic. The time 
is agreed bn ; tenipus constitutum est/j 
Ter. The day is agreed on ; pactus 
et constitulus est dies ; Cic. / do not 
believe we sliull agree together ; non 
conventurum inter nos arbiiror ; Ter. 
They agreed well then ; bene conve- 
niebat tunc inter eos ; Ter. They 
agree together; illis inter se convenit ; 
Juv. Thus fur both their words agree ; 
conveniunt adhuc utrisque verba; 
Plaut. Nothing agrees better with 
nature ; nihil est naturae accommoda- 
tiusj Cic. I agrted for the price; 
convetd de pretio ; Quint. You may 
agree with another for a little money ; 
pacisci cum alio pauiula pecunia potes ; 
Plaut. My brother and I cannot 
agree about these things; haec fratri 
mecum non conveniunt. You may 
agree or bargain with another ; cum 
alio transigere seu stipulari potea. 
They are oil agreed together ; omnes 
compacto rem agunt. To agree upon 
a truce ; consentire ad inducias ; Liv. 
If I can make you agree ; si possum 
haec inter vos coniponere ; Plaut, It is 
not in my power to make you agree ; 
non nostrum inter vos tantas conipo- 
nere lites ; Virg. 
He never Agreed or made any 


AonfiEMENT with any J for stipend^ or 
salary ; nee unquam de raercedibus 
pactus est ; Suet. 

To Agree, i. e. bargain, with one ; 
cum aliquo transigere ; Cic. Let them 
agree amongst themselves ; transi;;aat 
inter se ipsi ; Ter. If you shall agree 
with her ; si concordabis cum ilia ; 
Ter. They agree together again ; re- 
deunt rursus in gratiam ; Plaut. Are 
you now at last agreed ? Jam vos redis- 
tis in concord iam ? Plaut. / do not 
agree with him ; ab illo dissentio ; Cic. 
One thing they cannot agree about ; 
de re una dissident ; Cic. They do 
not agree ; illi inter se dissentiunt, 

/ icill have them Agreed ; pacem 
camponi volo. Let these things be 
agreed betwixt you; inter vbs haec 
conjponantur ; Ter. / will bring you 
to agree ; ego redigam vos in gratiam ; 
Ter. Areyou two agreed yet, Ipray you? 
Jam pax est inter vos, quaeso, duos ? 
Plaut. It w suchf as that it can never 
agree with it ; ejusmodi est, ut cuhae- 
rere nunquam possit ; Cic. No two 
of them agree together; nuUiduo con- 
cinunt ; Plin. To that they all agreed ; 
omnes in eam sententiam ierunt. All 
agree ; omnes congruunt ; Ter. In 
truth theyBgree very lovingly together; 
sane illi inter se congruunt concoxdi- 
ter ; Plaut. Women agree best to- 
gether; mulier mulieri magi^ congruet ; 

It Agreed with, or was agreeable 
to those letters; erat consentaneum 
cum iis Uteris ; Cic. It does not agree 
with the sense of the law ; a sententia 
legis discrepat ; Cic. His^ dee ds^ and 
his words do not agree ; facta ejus cum 
dictis discrepant ; Cic. 

To Agree togetlier; apte, mirifice, 
necessario, praeclare, optime, et undi- 
que, convenire, cohaerere. Mirifice, 
-valde, vehementer, congruere, consen- 
tire, de — . • 

To live with great Agreement 
amongst themselves ; inter se conjunc- 
tissirae vivere. They agreed in their 
minds and wills, in their studies and 
opinions, ^c. Inter eos voluutatum, 
studionim, et sententiarum summa 
consensio fuit. •• 

There is a mutual KG^v.T.-is.t.yn, good' 
icill and friendship among them; mu- 
tua benevolenlia inter illos est orta ; 
rautua aniraorura in amore consensio ; 
zniiuorura quaedam et voluntatum si- 



milltudo raUtua ; For our minds or opi' 
nions both agreed in peace a}td war ; _ 
nostri namque sensus, ut in pace, sic 
in bello, congruebant. To agree in the 
saine mind and judgment ; ejusdem 
esse sententiae et opinionis. The very 
savage bears agree dmong themselves, 
much nwre ought brethren to Agree to- 
gether ; sasvis inter se convenit ursis ; 
multo proinde magis, fratribus inter se, 
concordare convenit. 

You and I do not Agree in these 
things ; haec mihi tecum non conveni- 
unt. He fully agrees to that opinion ; 
huic sententiae, plane pleneque assen- 
titur, astipulatur, acquiescit. To be 
agreeable, convenient or suitable to any 
thing ; rei alicui con forme esse, con- 
gruere, conipetexe ; Cic. To agree or 
accord to any thing or person ; alicui, 
astipulari, sufFragari, non refragari, 
adhcBrere, subscribere. To agree to 
one's opinion ; alicujus sententiae, ad- 
dere calculum, accedere. To agree to 
another's opinion ; in alterius senten-^ 
tiam, ire, concurrere, transire, deve^ 

To come to Agreement with one ; 
dexteras societatis alicui dare. They 
all agree in, and seem to will but, one 
and tlie same thing; unum idcmque 
sentiunt omnes, ac idem velle atque 
idem nolle videntur. In unam et ean- 
dem sententiam concurrunt, deveniunt 
et pedibus (ut dicitur) eunt utrisque. 
Hinc pedarii ; Cic. After him they 
all agreed to that opinion ; post eura, 
in banc sententiam, ab omnibus itum 
est, disceditur. This thing makes me 
readily agree to your mind ; baec res 
me facile in tuam sententiam adducit. 
In the main, at least, of that business 
all agree ; in summam, saltem, hujus 
negotii consentiunt omnes. 

To Agree excellently together ; sin- 
gular! conjungi Concordia ; in maxi- 
ma consentione, vixque credibili Con- 
cordia vivere. To whose opinion I 
will mostly agree ; a cujus sententia, 
mea plerumque non abhorret, aut dis- 
crepat. The senate agrees with ics ; 
senatus a parte nostra est. They all 
agree with one mind and voiqe ; omnes 
uno ore, una mente et voce, consenti- 
unt. To agree with the time ; to be 
even with the world, or with the times; 
omnium horarura hominem esse, vei 
agere ; comparare se ad omnia. To 
agree to, or live after the fashion of, tht 



country ; regionis moribus servire, ob- 
secundare j se moribus loci attempe- 
rare, accommodare. To agree with, 
or serve and make use of the present oc- 
casion ; servire scense, occasioni ; re- 
bus praesentibus, tenipori,loco sese ac- 
commodare ; tempori cedere, servire, 
pro tempore agere j tempori se accora- 
modare ; opportunitatem exspectare ; 
necessitati parere ; tempus spectare ap- 
tum ; observare temporis occasionem j 
amiculum pro venti aptare flatu. 

He has a nature Agreeable, or a- 
greeing unth, and suitable to all things, 
w framed for all purposes ; naturam 
habet rebus accommodatam omnibus. 
Praecipuo quodara naturae munere aptus 
erat, accomraodatus, appositus erat ad 
omnia; factus ad omnia videbatur ; in- 
genium acceperata natura ad omnes res 
appositura, atque accommodatum ; eo 
erat, eo utebaturingenio, quidvis ut exe- 
qui, et pra£sta%-e satis commode posset ; 
natus ad omnia videbatur ; dederat hoc 
ei natura, quicquid aggrederetur, ut 
egregie conficeret, ut excelleret : habe- 
bat hoc a natura, ut quamcunque ad 
rem se conferret, quamcunque rem ca- 
pesscret, ea non pessime perfungeretur, 
ex ea cum laude discederet. 

It is the part of a toise man to com- 
ply, or Agree, vnth time and necessi- 
ty, for they have no law ; necessitati 
tempoi-ique parendum. Sapientis est, 
sapientiae est, consilii est, rationis est, 
sapientem decet, tempori cedere, neces- 
sitati parere, rationem temporis habere, 
consulere temporibus, conformare se 
ad temporis rationem, consilia et ac- 
tiones tempore moderari, pro temporum 
statu, et suscipere, et deponere ; ita se 
gerere, ut praecipere tempus videatur, 
ut temporis ratio ferat ac postulet; 
quasi ducem sequi in agendis rebus, 
quasi consiliarium habere tempus, con- 
siliario utl tempore, nos decet. 

All Agree with your opinion ; tuae 
sententiae suffragantur, subscribunt om- 
nes ; non pedibus sed totis anirais in 
lianc vadunt sententiam. 

In that opinion the chief of philoso- 
phers Agree ; in hac sententia, sena- 
tus philosophurum consentit. / agree 
with you ; juxta tecum sentio. The 
manners of the mind do exactly agree 
with the sJutpe of the body ; ad corporis 
figuram, aninii mores aptissime qua- 
drant. It is scarcely lawfulnot to agree 
with, or assent tOy that great master of 


philosophy; vix fas est, summo illi ha* 
raauae sapientiae promicondo, absentire. 
We agree very well together; nostris 
non male convenit geniis. To agree 
again or anew, i.e. to renew friend- 
ship almost broken off ; amicitiam fere 
disiutam resarcire, sartam tectam in- 
tegrare. They would better agree, if 
he were deaf, or she dumb ; utinam hie 
surdus, aut haec muta facta sit. / hope 
now we shall so well agree, as never 
to differ again ; dehinc jetemara spero 
inter nos gratiam fore. 

An Agreement is now made; truce 
is taken; peace is now concluded ; in- 
duciae jam sunt indictae. 

To be Agreed, and as it were join- 
ed, together again; coalescere in 
unum. So to agree, as to allay all 
heart-burnings ; simultates mulua* 
deponere. We could not agree at 
first; non usquequaque conveniebat 
primo. They know very well, they 
cannot Zowg agree ; cum his dextras se 
jungere, ac contesserare, certo sciunt 
non posse. / agree to, or am of their 
mind ; quorum ego sententiae accedo. 

By the Agreement of all; unanirai 
omnium hominum et temporum con- 
sensu. Agreement or concord; con- 
cordia, mulua gratia, unio ; consensio, 
paxpublica; tranquillitas voluntatum ;, 
consensus omnium rerum ; eodem ani- 
nio, eadera velle, nolle, sentire, et de- 
cernere ; unanimitas j unus omnium 
rationum consensus ; consentiens vo- 
luntas. By agreement and concord you 
will easily perceive small estates to 
grow greater, but by di^-agreement 
and discoi'd the greatest estates and 
riches to decay and fade away to little 
or nothing ; concordia parvas res fa- 
cile crescere ; discordia vero splendi- 
das maximasque opes dilabi ac deflo- 
rere, Concordia respublica omnis con- 
stat quantumvis parva, nee non opes 
conservantur maximae, et augentur ex- 
iguae. Contra vero ; faction! bus, dis- 
sidiis et fractionibus, opulentissims 
quaeque et celeberrimae civitates et res- 
publicaefunditusexscinduntur; Cie. It 
w agreed; consentitur, constat: impers. 
Those things, at least if they he not 
true, yet they fitly agree or hang to- 
gether ; res istae, si minus verae, apte 
tanien inter se cohaerentes sunt ; Cic. 
To Agree with his enemy for a 
truce for certain days ; inducias ali- 
quot dierum cum hoste pacisci ', Cic. 


T« agree ot covenant with one to have 
a reward ; praemiara ab aliquo pacisci ; 
Cic. To agree with pirates wJiat to give 
/or his ransom; preiiiirn praedonibus 
pro capite pacisci ; Cic. To agree or 
covenant with his enemy to save his 
life ; pacisci vitara ab hoste ; Sal. He 
agreed with Xerxes about the mar- 
riage of hi^ daughter; cum Xerxe 
nuptias filiae ejus paciscitur; Justia, 
J will easily agree icith, or assent to, 
you; especially if your father like it ; 
tecum facile sentiam, assentiente pras- 
sertira patre tuo. Assentior tibi, pro- 
babo tuura consilium, meam senten tiara 
' ad tuam aggrebabo, judicium raeura cum 
tuo conjungam, id sentiam quod tu 
sentis, ita faciendum judicabo, si mo- 
de, id ut facias, suadet, censet, auctor 
est, consulit, pater tuus. Asseutiar ti- 
bi, assentiente patre tuo, si id facis ap- 
probante patre, si tuo cum judicio pa- 
tris tui congruit judicium, si de patris 
sententia facis, si pater non dissentit, 
si ad tuam sententiam pater accedit. 

To AID ; see To Help, Assist. 

To AIL; i. e» to be sick or grieved ; 
dolere, aegrotare, male se habere. 

What Ails you? ut vales? 
quid te turbat ? quid tibi est ? quid- 
nara tibi dolet? Ter. What- ails he? 
quidnam illi dolet? &c. What ails 
yoUf that you are so sad? quid tu 
es tristis ? Ter. 

What Ails your eye ? quid oculo 
factum est tuo ? Plaut. 

/ asked what he Aix.ed that he was 
so angry ; qurerebara quid excanduis- 
set; Petron. / or we ail nothing; 
nihil mihi, nobis, dolet. 

To AIM ; coUiraare, collinere ; tela 
dirigete ; scopum praefigere, tanquam 
ad raetam eniti ; collimare oculos. 

/ hiow what you Aim at ; scio quid 
conere ; Ter. / aim at nothing but 
your safety ; nihil laboro nisi ut salvus 
sis ; Cic. Tliey aim at high things ; 
magna sibi proponunt ; alta spectant ; 
Cic. What does the man aim at? 
quam hie rem agit ? Ter. / aim at 
greater matters; etiam majora mo- 
iior ; Cic. To aim at one's destruc- 
tion; destinare exitium alicui ; Paterc. 
Th£y did not only wound their enemies' 
heads, but whatsoever -part of their 
face they aimed at ; non capita solum 
hostium vulnerabant, sed quem locum 
' destinassent oris ; Liv. It is the aim 
of both, or they both aim at it ; ab ara- 



bobus id destinatur ; Cic. To aim or 
take aim at ; collimare oculos ad — ; 
Plaut. He perceived that his brother 
was aimed ai ; fratrem designari sen- 
tiebat; Caes. The more th&y aimed 
at me, the more vexed were they when 
they missed of their aim ; quo me ma- 
gis petiverunt, tanto majorem ab his 
frustratio dolorera attulit ; Cic. You, 
hit anotlier, but you aimed at me ; ali* 
um percussisti, me petisti ; Sen, 
When one is to throw with any aim ; 
quum modus et impetus jactus, tempe- 
randusjdirigendusqueest — ; Gell. All 
their aim was, or they aimed ,at wo- 
thing else, but, that — ; nihil aliud 
quaerebatur nisi ut — ; Petron. 

Tl{£ AIR ; aer, aether-i^, m. aura, , 
aethera, ae ; coelum, inane. 

. Fresh and cool evening Air ; nox 
Serena ; noctes serenae. 

I cannot bear with this Air; noa 
coelum patlor; Ond. To walk abroad 
to take the air ; prodire deambulatum ; 
Ter. To abide in the open air ; sub 
dio morari ; Hor. He hung in the air ; 
pependit in aura ; Ovid. We have a 
thick air round about us ; nobis aer 
crassus offunditur ; Cic. This air is 
so bad, I am hardly able to endure it ; 
vix sustineo gravitatem coeli hujusj 
Cic. ^ ' 

To Air; aprico exponere. To air 
or put in the open air ; exsiccare. 

For the Air, Jupiter is used by 
the poets ; and aequor by Virg., as also 
iuaue by Lucian. 

An Air in music; modulus, to- 

The Air 0/ the face ; symmetria - 
vultus ; faciei aspectus. 

An ALARM, or watch-word show* 
ing the nearness of enemies ; clas- 
sicum^ tessera; bellicum; ad arma, 
ad arm a. 

To give an Alarm ; ad arma evo- 
care. / 

To sound an Alarm ; classicum vel 
bellicum canere ; tuba, tympano, &c. 
signum belli dare. Ad arma concla- 
matum est. 

To ALIENATE, estrange, or with- 
draw from; alienare, abalienare; ab- 
dicare, alienum facere ; av^tere, avo- 
care ; distrahere. 

To Alienate, or put one out of 
friendship or familiarity; alienare 
quempiam a se ; Cic. 

To Alienatb or sell away; alie- 



nare, abalienare. To alienate one's 
goods from one ; bona alicujus alienare 
ab aliquo. 

To Alienate one's mind; de sen- 
tentia aliquem detrudere. Agere ali- 
quos diversos. 

To be Alienated or estranged; 
alienari, abalienari : as, To be alie- 
nated or estranged in mind; mente 
alienari; Cic. 

Alienated, estranged or with- 
draumfrom; alienatus, alienus, abalie- 
natus ; aversus, distractus. Alienated 
from, or to Jiate no mind io^ a thing 
or person ; alienus ab aliquo, vel a re 

An Alienation, estranging or 
putting away; alienatio, abalienatio; 
distractio; abdicalio. 

To Alienate, or put to sale, his 
own goods ; bona sua proscribere. To 
receive a thing alienated j postliminio 
quid recipere. 

To ALIGHT from or off a horse ; 
desilire ; descendere equo, vel ab equo, 
et ex equo. 

To Alight, viz. as a bird ; subsidere. 

ALIKE'; aeque, pariter, perinde. 

Alike, adj. ; similis, asquus, com- 
par, aequalis. 

ALIVE ; superstes, vivus. 

HopeMeeps him Alive ; ilium vivum 
seu superstitem spea alit. To be taken 
alive ; in potestatera [soil, hostium] 
venire, Flor. The best philosopher 
alive; princeps hujus aetatis philoso- 
phorum ; Cic. Is he alive ? supe- 
ratne et vescitur aura setherea? Virg. 
Whilst he was alive ; se vivo ; Cic. 
He is alive and well; vivit atque va- 
let ; Ter. 

ALL, referring to the number of 
many thi7igs, is rendered by omnis, 
cunctus, and universus: as, 

All of them reported all good 
things; omnes omnia bona dicebant ; 
> Ter. And he advised and consulted 
with tlie pilot or master of the ship 
about all the stars; rectoremqne ratis, 
de cuneti§ consulit astris ; Virg. ^n. 
2. This ought to be the chief intention 
of all, that there may be the same 
profit of every one and of all in gene- 
ral; unum esse debet id omnibus pro- 
positum, ut cadem sit utilitfts unius cu- 
jusque, et universorum ; Cic. All men 
of &\\ orders; omnes omnium oidinum 
homines ; Cic. He used to take pains 
for them all ; laborem pro cunctis ferre 


consuevlt ; Cic. These things I speak 
of all in general ; haec loquor de uni- 
versis ; Cic. 

All, when it is referred to the 
V)hole of any singular thing, is properly 
rendered by totus, and integer. ; yet 
also by omnis, cunctus, and universus, 
in the singular number : as, I have not 
seen him all this day ; hodie toto non 
vidi die; Ter. Keep it all to your- 
self; integrum tibi reserves ; Caes. All 
that while I was at Naples ; eo omni 
tempore Neapoli fui ; Cic. Alexan- 
dria and all Egypt ; Alexandria, cunc- 
taque iEgyptus ; Cic. All that shall 
sh4 go away with; id ilia universum 
abripiet; Ter. But now I leave all 
that to you ; sed jam id tibi totuni 
omitto ; Cic. There can be no senate 
in all February; senatas haberi non 
potest mense Februario toto ; Cic. To 
have or possess all the prey or spoil 
without blood; integram praedam sine 
sanguine habere ; Cic. In so much 
joy of all the city, should I alone have 
been sad? in tanta Isetitia^unctae civi- 
tatis me unum tristem esse oportebat ? 
Cic. I give over unto you all my en- 
deavour and good-will; universum stu- 
dium meum, et benevolentiam ad te 

All is sometimes put for only, 
and then it is rendered by unus, or so- 
lus : as, He is all my care; iilum 
euro unum ; Ter. He is all for him- 
self; sibi commodns uni est; Hor. 
The Stoics were all the philosophers 
that said so ; stoici soli ex omnibus phi- 
losophis ita dixerunt ; Cic. 

All is sometimes put for as much, 
as, so much as, how much soever, what- 
soever ; and then it is rendered by 
quantumcunque, or by quod or quic- 
quid with a genitive case, or by quan- 
tum, or quara put for quantum : as, 
All, i. e. whatsoever, I may ; quan- 
tumcunque possim ; Cic. Add all 
you will thereto; quantumcunque eo 
addideris ; Cic. All the judgment I 
had; quicquid habuerini judicii; Cic. 
All the beauty they had in their youth, 
they lost ; quod floris in juventule erat 
amiserant ; Liv. / sent to the Prce- 
tors to bring you all the soldiers they 
had ; ad prattores misi, ut militum quod 
haberent, ad vos deducerent ; Cic. Alt 
that I can, I will tvithdraw myself 
from all troubles ; quantum potero, me 
ab omnibus moiestiis abducani ; Cic. 


/ use to Mp all / can; soleo quantum 
possum adjuvare; Cic. I would strire 
all that ever I could ; quantum maxiroe 
possem Gontenderem ; Cic. Make all 
the haste you cati ; quantum poteris 
festina ; Plaut. All tliat is, or lies in 
me ; quantum in me erit ; Cic. He 
did all he could to overthrow the com- 
monwealth; remp, quantum in ipso 
fuit, everlit ; Cic. I will help him all 
/ can; quam potero adjuvaboj Ter. 
Let them make all the stir they please ; 
turbent porro quam velint ; Ter. Com- 
fort her all you can; istam quam potes 
fac consolere ; Ter. 

At all, lias several negative par- 
ticks joined with it, viz. no, not, no- 
tliing, never, no where; and according- 
ly has several elegant toays of render- 
ing; as follow: 

At all, with no, is rendered by 
omnino ; with nuUus, nequis, ne qui- 
dera, nihil : as, Tliere can be no consti- 
tution at all ; omnino nulla constitutio 
esse potest; Cic. You know it was 
moved that no body at all should bring 
the king back; scis intercessum esse, 
nequis omnino regem recjuceret; Cic. 
So shall I conclude that there is in 
being, not only no good deed of your 
gods, but no deed at all ; ita conclu- 
dam vestrorum deorum non modo be- 
neficium nullum extare, sed ne factum 
quidem omnino ; Cic. Between these 
things there is no difference at all ; 
inter eas res nihil omnino interest ; Cic. 

At all, with not, is rendered by 
omnino with non, or nequaquam ; else 
by nullo modo, ne vix quidem, or pror- 
sus with nullus, or nullo modo : as, I 
do not undertake at all to touch the 
Greek poets ; poetas Gracos omnino 
non Conor attingere ; Cic. Not at all 
his equal ; omnino sibi nequaquam par ; 
Cic. It is hardly or not at all marred; 
vix aut nullo modo corrumpitur ; Cic. 
They hardly or not at all appear ; vix, 
aut ne vix quidem apparent ; Cic. I 
understand not any one word at all ; 
verbum prorsus nullum intelligo ; Cic. 
/ do not at all agree to that ; nullo 
modo prorsus assentior ; Cic. 

At all, with notlung, is render- 
ed by nihil with omnino, prorsus, or 
quicquam : as. So that there was no- 
thing at all left ; ut omnino nihil sit 
relicium ; Cic. Nothing at all ; nihil 
prorsus ; Ter. In truth nothing at all 



makes you ashmned ; nihil te quidem 
quicquam pudet ; Flaut. 

At all, with never, is rendered by 
omnino with nunquam : as, There was 
never any doMfcfatall madeofit; de eo 
nunquam omnino est dubitatuin ; Cic. 

At all, with no where, is render* 
ed by omnino with nusquara : as, It is 
found no where at all ; omnino nus- 
quam reperitur. 

All one has several uses, and is 
rendered after some of these examples: 
This is all one as if I should say; hoc 
perinde est tanquam si ego dicam ; 
Gell. / reckon it all one as if—; per- 
inde censeo, ac si — ; Tac. It is all 
one as if — ; idem est aC si — ; Quint, 
This is all one with that ; hoc unum et 
idem est atque illud ; Cic. It is all 
oiiev;hether ; nihil interest utrum ; Cic. 
It is all one to you ivhetlier ; tua nihil 
refert utrum ; Ter. It is all one to me ; 
nihil raoror ; non raagnopere laboro j 
nihil mea refert ; Plaut. It was all one 
to those that killed him what he said; 
non interfuit occidentium quid dice- 
ret; Tac. 

Some other phrases : 

It comes All to the same ; eodeni 
recidit, tantundem egero ; Ter. He is 
all for himself ; sibi soli cavet, dun-, 
taxat prospicit. All is hushed, quiet ; 
otium et silentiura est ; Ter. He is 
under water all Md the head; extat 
capite solo ex aqua ; Caes. There I 
rested all night long ; ibi quievi noc- 
tem perpetem ; Plaut. Ail on a sud- 
den; de improviso ; Ter. My master 
bade me leave all, and mind Pamphi- 
lus ; herus me,' relictis rebus, jussit 
Pamphilum observare ; Ter. This is 
all ; tantum est ; Ter. This is all that 
is left of the money ; tantum reliquura 
6st de argento ; Cic. When all came 
to all ; ad extremum ; tandem ; Cic. 
Giving all for gone; transactum de 
partibus ratus ; Flor. We have had 
such cross weather all this while; ita 
usque adversa tempestate usi sumus ; 
Ter. All this while ; usque adhuc ; 
tamdiu; Ter. All lender one; una 
opera ; simul ; Ter. Plaut. Two and 
thirty were all that were missing ; tri- 
ginta omnino et duo desiderafi sunt ; 
Curt. All my fault is that — ; surtima 
cri minis est, quod — ; Cic. Here and 
there, and all at once ; hie et ilJic si- 
mul; Plaut, There were but five in 



bU, that — ; quinque oranino fuerunt, 
qui^ — J Cic. By all means; quoquo 
pacto ; quacunque ratione ; Ter. Cic. 
Without all doubt ; sine ulla dubita- 
tione; Cic. On all sides; quaqua 
versus j Cais. When you were busiest 
of all J in surama occupatione tua ; 
Cic. How many are titere in all ? 
quanta haec (hominum) summa? Plant, 
But yet that is not all j sed nequaquam 
in isto sunt omnia ; Cic. With all 
speed; quam primuni ; quantum po- 
test ; Ter. /nail haste; quara maxi- 
mo posset cursu ; omni festinatione ; 
Curt. The war broke out all on a sud- 
den ; belluui subito exarsit ; Cic. Just 
for all the world as — simillime atque — ; 
Cic. And you and all ; et to quoque 
etian) ; PJaut. If we could prove that 
Ligarius was not at all in Africa ; si 
probare possemus Ligarium in Africa 
oranino non fuisse ; Cic. They say, 
those things can hardly ever, or not at 
all come to pass ; vix, aut omnino non, 
aiunt, haec posse fieri ; Cic. To the 
end that not much, no great thing, or 
rather nothing at all might be yielded 
to the Grecians; ut non multum, aut 
omnino potius nihil Grascis crederetur. 
Nothing at all great or excellent is 
done in this life without some ardor or 
mryiestnessj or vehemency of love and 
affection ; nihil quicquam egregium, in 
liac vita fit, sine quodam ardore arao- 
Tis ; Cic. Whom he had never at all 
seen ; quern omnino nunquani viderat ; 
Cic. They did never at all hit upon 
tJie causes of these things ; rerum ista- 
rum causas, omnino uunquam altigere ; 
Cic. I can find my brother no where 
at all ; fratrem nusquam invenio gen- 
tium ; Ter. Alii ; omnino n»squam. 
All the day long ; ab oriente sole, ab 
ortu solis, ab Aurora ineunte ad seram 
usque vesperam. Mane egredi, vesperi 
domum redire. A prima luce ad tene- 
bras usque nocturnas. Totis diebus. 
Ad finem lucis ab ortu. — Surgente e 
sole quousque Vespertina tepet regio. 
Te veniente die, te decedente canebat, 
Illara non udis veniens Aurora capillis 
— Cessantem vidit, non Hesperus; 
nee cum"" invictis equis altura petit 
acthera Titan j Nee cum — praecipitem 
oceani rubro lavit acquore currum j 
Nee — Cum rutulos oriens Aurora jm- 
mitteret ignes. Igneus aut roseo se 
tingeret aequore Titan, He is all in 


all in this matter; ille est prora et 
puppis hujils negotii. All or every 
mothers child ; indiscriminatim oranes. 
All of us ; non nemo a nobis. It is all 
one; 'it comes all to the same pass; 
tantamount ; res eodera redit. All or 
every thing ; nihil non. When almost 
all or every body else ; quum caeteri 
fere omnes. Take notice all of you ; 
noverint, noveritis, universi. All, or 
many thousands of; multae hominum 
myriades. All generally are of tliat 
opinion; nee de unius solum ra«emis 
sibi facit vindemiam. 

To ALLAY J sedare, lenire, minuere, 
levare, niitigare ; as, to allay, assuage, 
or appease, the appetite, the war, the 
mind, the thirst, the tumult, S^c. ; se- 
dare appetitum, bellum, animum vel 
mentem, sitim, tumultum, &c. 

To Allay, i. e. to mitigate, grief ; 
lenire dolorem. 

To Allay, i. e. to pacify, minds by 
agreement ; lenire animos concordia ; 

To Allay, i. e. to assuage, storms 
or tempests ; lenire tempestates. 

To Allay or assuage one's sorrow 

and pain; levare dolorem alicujus ; Cic. 

To Allay, mitigate, or lessen and 

diminish the fever ; minuere, niitigare, 

levare, febrem. 

To Allay, or appease and end, the 
controversy ; controversiam minu«re j 

Allay or appease your anger ; iram 
mlnue tuam ; Ter. 

The grief was Allayed, as forgot- 
ten ; deferbuit soporatus dolor. 

if e A LL A YED his hunger with leaves ; 
levavit faraem frondibus. He allays 
his fierceness and severity with courte- 
ous behaviour ; sevetitatem acerbam 
multis condimeniis humanitatis mitigat. 
The tempest is allayed ', tcmpestas re- 

Hunger Allayed by banquets ; 
fames epulis exempta. 

To Allege, or say for himself ; 
allegare ; proferre, pretendere. To 
allege an excuse ; causari j causam 
afFerre, rationem Bubjieere. 

To Allbge business as an excuse ; 
causari negotium. 

Ca7ist thou Allege any thing why 
thou art not justly condemned? num 
quid causari possis, quin ab judicio 
abeas turpissime victus ? To allege 


maliciously or deceitfully against one ; 
calunitiiari ; falso accnsare. An alle- 
gation ; aliegatio. A false allegation ; 

To ALLOT ; i. e. to assign or ap- 
point ; delegare, imponere, assignare, 
sorte assignare : as. He has allotted 
or appointed m§ to this business ; me 
huic negotio delegavit ; et iiiihi hoc ne-> 
gotium imposuit, &c. Vide To Assign. 

To Allot or appoint a piece of 
ground to any one; assignare^agrura 
alicui. To allot or appoint a place or 
seat for one; assignare locum seu se- 
dera alicui. To allot his own cliarge 
or office to another ; suum officiutn aut 
munus alteri assignare ; or, To allot or 
appoint one to his duty ; alicui munus 
suum assignare. To allot, or appoint 
a proper place for any thing; assignare 
aliquid suo loco proprio. Nature has 
allotted, appointed or given the air to 
birds; Naturaavibus coelum assignavit; 
Plin. After I had the care of that 
province allotted, or appointed for me ; 
post delegatam raihi hanc provinciam j 

Land Allotted or appointed as a 
reward for old tried soldiers; ager 

To ALLOW, or approve ; probare, 
approbare, comprobare ; accipere, ac- 
ceptare, recipere, agnoscere ; asserere, 
admittere, ratificare ; concedere, testi- 
monio ornare, judicio confirraare. Al- 
lowable, commendable or approveable ; 
laudabilis, probabilis, acceptabilis,cora- 
mendandus, approbandus, coramenda- 
tus, probatus J legitimus; agnoscendus; 

To Allow one towards mainte- 
nance ; exhibere, praebere, suppeditare, 
cum dat. suggerere, attribuere ; prae- 
stare, demetiri. 

To Allow or grant; concedere, 
perraittere. To allow one his expenses ; 
sumptus alicui suggerere. 

To Allow in reckoning ; decidere, 

To Allow or let one have the use 
of a thing ; aliquid utendum dare. 

Allowance /or any one to live on; 
demensum, pensio, exhibitio. 

Allowance or abatement in reckon* 
ing ; deductic), deductamen, subductio. 

Allowed in reckoning; subtractus, 
subdnctus, deductus. 

J, will Allow him money as long as 



/ think fit ; dabitur a me argentum, 
dum erit commodum ; Ter. J thank 
God I am able to allow it ; est (Diis 
gratia) unde ha5c fiant ; Ter. Some^ 
things are allowed to be shortened; 
quaedam breviare permittitur ; Quintil. 
It is allowed in men of our years; 
aetati nostras conceditur ; Cic. / allow 
of that reason or excuse ; accipio cau- 
sam ; Cic. excusationem ; lb. 

To Allow or like; aliquid admit- 
tere et laudare ; recipere et approbare, 
mirifice, raaxime, valde, admodura pro- 
bare et amplecti. Suo testimonio or- 
nare ; suo judicio confirmare ; sua auc- 
toritate tueri; non sententia solum, 
sed etiam studio comprobare, ratum 
facere, habere. Arridet, placet, cordi 
raihi est. Utroque pollice laudare ali- 

/ will Allow him money ; dabitnr 
a me argentum ; Ter. Something is 
to be allowed to custom; aliquid con- 
suetudini dandura est ; Cic. As well 
as you were able to allow j pro re tua ; 
Ter. They would be allowed to do so 
too ; eandem iicentiam sibi permitti 
volunt; Cic, 

To ALLUDE, oj speak with some 
respect or reference to any thing ; al- 
ludere, respicere ad aliquid. 

To ALLURE ; allicere, illicere, pel- 
licere, solicitare, et, apud poetas, sol- 
licitare ; allectare, illectare, pellectare ; 
irretire, inescare, invitare j seducere, 
inducere j advocare, trahere, ducere, 
raovere, rapere, conciliate, subinvitare. 
Lenocinari, blandiri,)lactare. 

To AhhvRE forth; prolicere, elicere, 
prolectare, electare, evocare. 

To Allure with fair promises; 
blandiri, delinire, lactate. 

To Allure or win by fair means ; 
allicere, illicere, allectate. Illecebris, 
blanditiis, blandiroentis, lenociniis, 
piaemiis allicete, invitare, trahete, at- 
ttahere, ducere, inducere, demulcere, 
Praemiis, magna praemiorum spc lactate. 
Invitamentis, incitaraentis, illectamen- 
tis, allectamentis pellicere. Artibus, 
verbis illecebrosis captate. Pollicitati- 
onibus, mercede promissa adducere, 
provocate. Attalicis conditionibus nun- 
quara dimoveas. Excellent wits are 
alluted ufith praise; gloria invitantur 
ptjeclaia ingenia ; ut, virtutes crescunt 
laudatae. An allutement ; illecebra ; 
illeclaraentum j blanditia, blandimeu- 



tuin ; allectatio ; illectus, m. invita- 
nientum, incitarhentuiu ; lenociniura, 
illicium ; bianditiae, arum. 

He gives himself wholly to the Al- 
i^UREMENTso/rifc; deditse totum vi- 
tiorum illecebris. He had many allure- 
xiients of the city ; niulta habebat urbis 
incitamenta. To allure or entice out of 
doors; seducere foras ; Ter. Do you 
think to allure me with such sayings ; 
eliani nunc me seducere istis dictis 
postulas ; Ter. To allure the hird$ to 
him ; solicitare ad se aves ; Plin. To 
allure or entice to labor ; ad laborem 
solicitare; Sen. To allure one tvlth 
entictments ; illecebris irretire ; Cic. 

Alluued or taken and delighted 
icith pleasant songs; cantlunculis ir- 
retitus ; Cic. 

An ALLUSION; allusio.rcspectus. 
To have allusion unto any thing ; re- 
spectunj habere, seu alludere ad ali- 
quid ; Cic. An allusion to the name of 
any thing ; agnominatio ; i. e. a likeness 
of names or words. To have all usion to 
one's name; agnominare; i. e. ad no- 
men alicujus alludere. 

To ALLY, to associate or join ; con- 
jungere, devincire ; foedere, societate, 

Alliance or kindred by marriage ; 
affinitas, propinquitas. 

Alliance, by blood, or birth ; cog- 
natio, consanguinitas. 

Allianc£, or league of states ; so- 
cietas^ foedus, confederatio. 

^ Allied by marriage ; affinis, pro- 
pinquus. By blood or birth ; consan- 
guineus, cognatus. An ally of tlie 
state ; socius. By alliances or leagues, 
our fidelity is secured to our enemy ; 
foederibus devincitur fides cum hoste ; 

To he Allied with, or joined toge- 
ther by league ; foedere aliquibus con- 
jungi ; Virg. To be ahied or knit 
together by entertainment and friend- 
ship ; mutuo inter se conjungi hospitio 
et amicitia ; Cic. 

ALMS ; eleemosyna, ae ; Gr. roga, 
ffi. An alms or alms-deed ; stips, sti- 
p5s ; roga ; donuui pauperi erugatum. 
To receive alms; eleemosyuari ; pass. 
To ask alms ; mendicare. To give 
alms ; eleemosynam conferre, erogare, 
distribuere. Stipem mendico porrigere. 
De suis bonis communicare egenis, 
pai.iperibus. Egenos, famelicos juvare 
cibo : nudos vestibus operire. Inopes 


sustentare, reficere, sublevare. Dare 
indigentibus, Frigus quo duramque 
famem depellere possint. Egentibus 
succurrere, subvenire, sua munifice elar* 
giri. To live on the alms-/>o.T, or by 
begging; emendicato cibo vivere. He 
give^ alms at others' cost ; de alieno 
liberalis. He gave alms to the poor 
old man; dedit nuumiulum seniculo. 
To bestow that money on alms or chari- 
table uses ; earn pecuniam in pios usus 
convertere. It is no alms to give to 
these common beggars; non admodum 
belle collocatur; quod isiis mendicis 
datur publicis. I came hither in lutpes 
of your alms, or, that you would relieve 
my wants; detlexi hue, ut me instruas 
viatico. His desire was to give alms 
to the poor, or, that the poor should 
fare better by him ; mendicabulis pe- 
cuniam dlstribuendara curavit. He 
always gave alms, or icas charitable to 
poor folks; pro suis facultatibus, per- 
beniguus semper fuit in pauperes. You 
shall not lose by giving alms ; benig- 
nitatis fons iargiendo nbn exhauritur. 
In giving alms the more you draw the 
more it springs; quo largius hauritur 
eo scatet uberius. In alms, tcliat we 
give that we Imve ; hoc habeo quodcun- 
que dedi. Give alms, or, help to keep 
the poor from perishing ; miseria gra- 
vatis subvenito. Be charitable in alms, 
or do something for God's sake ; clade 
oppressos iniquiore, sublevato. Sua 
pauperibus elargiri, erogare* Egenti- 
bus non deesse. Alimenta, cibaria, 
alicui praebere, ministrare, suppeditare. 
De re sua indigentibus impartiri. Af- 
flictis fidem et dextrara porrigere. Re- 
gia dejectos res relevasse senes. Ex 
suis angustiis alterius sustentaie tenui- 
tatem ; Cic. Munificas in pauperes 
manus tendere. 

ALMOST ; fere, ferme, prope ; pro- 
peraodum, tantum non, mode non ; 
propcdiem : parum abest ; niinimo mi- 
nus, pauIo minus, apud Suet. Admo'- 
dum, pro fere, apud Liv. : as, Tlieir 
minds were now almost quieted; jam 
mitigati admodum animi, Iten), ple- 
rumque, adv. apud Ter. quasi, usque, 
juxta : as. There is not a day almost, 
but he comes to my house ; dies fere 
nulla est, quin domum meam ventitet ; 
Cic. The standing corn was now 
almost ripe; seges prope jam matura 
erat ; Caes. My life is almost at an 
end ; mibi quidem aetas acta ferme est ; 


. AL 


Cic. Almost drunk; ebrio proxiraus ; ing after it, is rendered by per: a*, / 
Petron. Alraosi all authors ; fere ora- xcill send some along the shores; per 
nes auctores ; Quint. It is almost littora certos diraittam ; Virg. Her 
time that — ; prope adest, quum — ; neck and her hair were dragged along 
Ter. When noiv it was almost sun-set; the ground ; huic cervix comsque tra- 
quum jam ad solis occasum esset j Hier. huntur per terram ; Virg. They did 
I rendered it almost word for toord ; place their machines or warlike engines 
totidem fere verbis interpretatus sum ; along the walls and turrets ; per ranros 
Cic. / am almost out of my rvits ; tunesque tornienta disponunt ; Cart, 
vix sum apud me ; anirai compos ; Ter. Or else it is then rendered by the 
You call almost every one by their ablative case of the following substan- 
naiTies ; prope omnes nomine appellas; tice, governed by in understood: as, I 
Plin. It came almost to a sedition ; was going Along the highway ; pub- 
juxta seditioneni ventum ; Tac. Pro- lica ibam via. Soj ibara forte via sacra 
mising almost 7nountains of gold; mo- sicut meus.est mos ; Hor. 
do non monies auri pollicens ; Ter. Or else it is included in the Latin 
When he saw the Romans were almost of the foregoing word : as, To He 
encompassed with the right wing ; ubi Along ; recubare: as, Youaremedita- 
vidit llomanos tantum non circumiri a ting whilst youliealongunder the shade 
dextroconiu; Liv. of the large beech-tree ; tu patulaB re- 

ALOjSE ; solus, solitarius; incomi- cubans sub tegmine fagi — Meditaris ; 
talus, unus, unicus. All alone ; per- Virg. He laid himself along on the 
solus; prorsus solus. Alone j solum, grass oj^ herbs; abjecit se in berbam 


Left Alone, oi' desolate; desolatus, 

You may trust him Alone ; prse- 
sens absensque idem erit ; Ter. If 
you do any thing by yourself alone ; 
si tecum agas quid ; Cic. As he teas 
meditating by himself alone j cum ali- 
qua secum agitaret; Flor. We will 

Cic. They did lay themselves down 
along upon the ground ; abjiciunt se 
humi ; Plin. He laid himself down 
along upon the bed; inclinavit se in 
lectuui ; Petron. &c. 

A'LOfiGwith; una cum. 

All Along ; tota via, ubique. 

All my life Long ; in omni mea vita. 

To ALTER; alterare, alterum vel 

do it alone ; per nos agemus ; Cic. aliud facere, rautare, commutare, im- 

We are now here alone ; soli sumus 
nunc bic ; Ter. Let me alone with 
that; it; quiescas ; id mihi da nego- 
tl ; ego videro ; Ter. Let me alone ; 
fer me, me missum face ; sine me; Ter. 
Only let me alone ; sine modo ; Ter. 

mutare ; vertere, convertere ; emutare, 
demutare, permutare; variare, trans- 
ferre ; " alternare. Item innovare, in- 
flectere. To alter Aw opinion or mind; 
a sententia discedere, desciscere, de 
seutentia deduci, decedere, dimoveri. 

Whom alone you had chosen out from In sententia sua labare, vacillare, non 
amongst all ; quern unum ex cunctis perseverare, persistere, pergere, perma- 
delegissetis; Cic. Let him alone for nere. Non stare suscepto consilk). 
my sake; mitte hunc mea gratia; Sententiam, pristinam opinionem, re- 
PlauU You are not alone in that ; id ceptum consilium quod intenderat, rau- 
alii fecere saepe ; Ter. Let these things tare, corrigere, repudiare, relinquere, 
alone ; n;itte ista ; Ter. Let we tlitse non retinere, non tueri. Sensura prio- 
things alone ; missa hsec faciamus ; rem deponere, flectere judicium suum. 
Ter. I am not alone in this thing; Cursus vestigium inflectere. Animum, 
at jam ante alii plures fecerunt idem ; institutae opinionis cursum alio conver- 
Ter. "^ tere. A proposito resilire. In proposito 

ALONG, having with joined to it^ parum constanter permanere. Aliud 
is rendered by una : as, He was staluere. Ab instituto, inceplo deflec- 
brovght hither along with me; mecum tere, declinare, abduci. Consilii prion's 
una advectus est ; Ter. He took a poenitere. Keferre pedemy nee passu 
virgin along with him ; una secum stare tenaci. De sententia aliquem de- 
ducebat virginem ; Ter. / will go trudcre, deducere, depellere, abducere : 
along with you home ; una tecum ibo transversura, diversum agere. 
domum ; Plant. To Avter or change, as old fashions 

Along, when it lias not with com)- and customs are altered ; exolere, exo- 



lescere, inveterescere, obsolere, obso- 
lescere j deflecti a consuetudine ; in- 
novari, &c. : as, The custom is some- 
what altered ; deflexit de via consue- 
tudo. There was nothing that I 
thought Jit to be altered in the laws; 
nihil habui quod putararu novanduin 
in legibus ; Cic. 

To Alter one's name; transnomi- 

An Alteration ; mutatio, immu- 
tatio, perniutatio, varialio, innovatio, 
alteratio, conversio. 

Great Alteration qf time.; mira 
temporis inclinatio ; Cic. 

Alteration of state ; another con- 
dition ; or, the case is changed with 
me; diversa nunc mea ratio est, non 
eadem est ; imrautata est ratio rerum 
mearura ; alius est rerum mearum sta- 
tus ; aliter se mese res habent, non eo- 
dem loco sunt. 

All is Altered there; nihil ibi non 
novum. / was so far altered that I 
thought myself in another world; vi- 
debar mihi tunc in alium venisse niun- 
dom. They were so changed and 
altered that few knew them; alius ho- 
iriinum cultus erat, nee idem vultus. 

His condition is Altered for the 
better ; favenViora sunt illi fata. The 
world is well altered and menied tvith 
him ; haec illi est humanae vitaj comoe- 

All the Alterations, changes and 
chances here below; fluxus et refluxus 
omnis rerum humanarum. 

ALTERCATION ; rixa, altercatio : 
as, Instead of discoursing they fell to al- 
tercation or contention; ex discepta- 
tione, altercatioiiem fecerunt ; Liv. To 
part a wrangling altercation; rixara 

ALTERNATIVE. He left me no al- 
ternative but to swear; nihil nisi ut 
jurarem reliquit. They stand on their 
feet alternately, now on one foot, then 
on another ; altemis pedibus insistunt ; 

ALWAYS ; semper ; perpetuo, per- 
petuura ; jugiter, continue, continen- 
ter ; omnino, nunquam non ; perenne, 
incessanter, indesinenter, usque qua- 
que ; prorsum, prorsus, usque, inde- 
fesse ; in perpetuum, in aeternum, in 
»vum. Always ; day and night, con- 
tinually, without ceasing ; die ac nocte, 
nocte dieque. Diu noctuque, noctes 
€t dies} tempus in ooine, omnes per 


annos ; assldue, indefesse : nullo puncto 
temporis intermisso ; ne punctum qui- 
dero temporis respirando. Sine interpel- 
latione ; sine intermissione ; ne mini- 
mam quidem moram interponendo : 
citra respirationem : protinus, apud 
Virg. Irrequieto labore. Noctibus 
continuare dies ; ne genu quidera fiexo. 

He is Always at his book ; caput 
de tabula non toUit. He is always out 
at the same note ; chorda semper ober- 
rat eadem. So you alwaj's do; istud 
quidem nunquam non facis. Always, 
at every turn, or every minute ; nullo 
temporis puncto interjecto, intermisso. 
/ shall be yours always or ever, as I 
hope you will be mine ; reciproci amo- 
ris ignem, qui ut vestaliter aeternum ar- 
deat, pro me spondeo, de te spero. 
Always or for ever; till doomsday; 
dura juga montis aper, fluvios dum 
piscis araabit. — Dunique thymo pas* 
cenlur apes. — Always, /rom the begin- 
ning of the world, till this very time ; 
they were so from the beginning ; post 
hominum memoriara ; ab omni retro 
antiquitate ; nata sunt cum orbe nato ; 
videbis, ut ab omni aevo. He hatk left 
monuments of his worth, that he will 
always be remembered; vestigia, non 
pressa leviter, ad exigui temporis prae- 
dicationem, sed altius fixa ad memori- 
am iilius sempitemam, reliquit, exhibuit. 

AM ; as, I am ; sum. But it is 
most usually rendered by the persons 
of the verb to which it belongs: as, I 
am hungered; esuiio ; Plaut. / am 
above thirty years old; plus annos tri- 
ginta natus sum ; Plaut. / am here ; 
coram adsum ; Virg. / am about a 
truth; res vera agitur; Juv. As far 
as I am able; quod queo ; Ter. / am 
able to allow it; est mihi unde haec 
fiant ; Ter. He knows I am coming; 
scit me adesse ; Plaut. / am upo7i a 
journey to — ; nobis iter est in — ; Cic. 
lamof your mind, opinion ; tecum sen- 
tic ; tibi assentior ; Plaut. Cic. / am 
clear against it; animus abhorret a — ; 
Cic. / am as you see me, just so; ita 
sum ; sic sum, ut vides. / am con- 
tented with any thing; mihi quidvis 
sat est. 

To AMAZE ; stupefacere, perterre- 
facere ; consternare, attonitura reddere, 
suspensum reddere ; timore percellere j 
in stuporera vel adrairationera conjicere. 
To be amazed ; stupefieri, perterrefieri. 

He is Amazed in body and mind ; 

A M 

animo et corpore, torpet, stupet. The 
horses are amazed ; consternanturequi. 
The city is amazed with fear ; civitas, 
urlis, lymphatA videtur horroribus. 
AmazetMy ] attonite. 

To fig Am A ZED or ^0 wonder at a thing ; 
re aliqua stupere ; Hor. To be amazed 
or to wonder in beholding one; stupere 
in aliquo ; Val. Flac. To be amazed 
at one, or to have him in great admira- 
tion; stupere aliquem. The mother 
stood amazed, or was dismaijed and as- 
tonished, wJien she heard these woi'ds ; 
mater ad auditas stupet voces ; Ovid. 

AMBITION ; ambitio, et ambitus, 
honoris occupatio ; dignitatis venatio, 
appetitus principatus. Sitis famas ; 
impotcns honorum sitis ; studium, cu- 
piditas honorum, imperiorum ; glorise 

Ambitious, or immoderately desi- 
rous of honor and glory ; ambitiosus, 
bonoripeta-ae, com. g. ; ambitor. Ap- 
petens, avidus, cupidus, famelicus, glo- 
riae, famsB. Sitibiindus, esurientissimus 
laudis ; immoderate appetens honores ; 
honoris, potentijeve cupiditate inflara- 
matus ; non alienus ab ambitione ; cu- 
jus juvenilem obsedit animum glorias 
febris, sitis ; laudis sitientissiraus, niag- 
nanim pomparum amantissimus ; labo- 
rans ambitione ; honoris paulo avidior ; 
aequalitatis impatiens j locum principa- 
lem ambiens ; tumid us ; suo statu mi- 
nime contentus ; dominandi libidine 
etfraenatus ; de contenttone principatus 

To be Ambitious, or ambitiously 
to seek for honor and preferment ; am- 
bire ; ambitione ferri ; ad honores as- 
pirare, aiihelare. Honores ainbire, au- 
cupari, venari, prensare, appetere, cap- 
tare, sitire. Ambitione, honoris fame, 
siti, cupiditate teneri, lahorare, ardere, 
flagrare. Honoribus, dignitatc, impe- 
rio nihil prius, potius, praestantius, anti- 
quius, dulcius habere, judicare. Magno 
impetu, impotenti libidine, omni co- 
natu, conteutione, studio ad imperii 
celsitudinem, ad principatum, ad exi- 
mium dignitatis splendorem, locum niti, 
eniti, aspirare, contendere, rapi, ferri. 
De dignitate et imperio unice laborare. 
Omnia ad dignitatem et principatum 
referre. Honori suo velificaii. Honoris 
paulo avidior, appetentissiraus. Do- 
minandi libidine etFrsfcnatus, prurire to- 
tus. Regnura, iniperiura affectare. 
Honoribus inhiare, inscrvite. Regni 




causa vioiare omne jus. Nimlam, am- 
bitiosam spera alere, fovere. Lubrica 
et prjeceps cupiditas dominandi. Am- 
bitio cives agitat vesana. Ad honores 
suspirare. Caeca superbi pectoris am- 
bitio. Ambitus impatiens, et summo 
dulcius unum stare loco. Cui — -imperia 
pretio quolibet constant. Conflare po- 
pulares honores ; sectari auras popu la- 
res ; ad dignitatem contendere ; ad ini- 
peria et honores niti, eniti ; ad gloriani, 
virtulura vel vitiorum via grassari. In- 
solenter, se supra omnes alios efferre ; 
omnia ad dignitatem referre ; popular! 
curae aut gloriae vacare ; gloriee cupidi- 
tate nimia rapi, duci, teneri, illici,fraa- 
gi. Venatur ea, quae nee Deo contin- 
gunt, placere omnibus. 

Ambitiously ; arabitiose ; i. e. 
proudly or aspiringly ; arroganter ; al- 
to, amplo, vasto animo, impotenti de- 

He who is Ambitious of glory by 
popular applause, buUds his house on 
the sand and mud ; qui populari niti- 
tur aura, domum in arena lutoque ex- 

Ambition is certainly most wretch- 
ed and miserable; miserrima omnino 
est ambitio honorumque contentio ; 
Cic. For ambition or desire of glory 
and honor is a most severe mistress ; 
cupiditas honoris, quam dura, quam- 
que vehemens, est domina ? Many, be- 
fore they have begun to learn what is 
good and commendable, are drowned 
atid ovei-whelmed in or with ambition 
or vain glory ; multi, prius quam, ad 
quid laude sit dignum, discendum in- 
gressi sunt, obruuntur ambitione et fu- 
co ; Cic. / am not so ambitious as to 
hunt after the vain applause of the airy 
multitude; non ego ventosae plebis 
sufFragia venor ; Hor. / am not so 
ambitious, as to look so high; haud 
equidem tali me dignor honore ; nee 
adeo sum famae famelicus» ut cum po- 
pulo gratiam inire studerem. It is the 
greatest honor and praise not to be 
ambitious 0/ praise or honor ; sunimus 
est honos, maximaque laus, honores et 
laudes minime ambire. 

Ambition is a kind of childish hunt- 
ing after vain glory ; puerile quoddam 
gloriola aucupium, est ambitio. There- 
fore it is the part of a wise man not to 
be so ambitious as to look for great 
matters in this world; ahum; proinde 
hie nee spirare nee spejare, sapientb 




est. And, to be ambitious of popular 
applause is childish and foolish ; ac, 
pendere a multitudinis aura, et applau- 
sum captare popularem, humanum, 
puerile est et fatuum. Ambition or 
lusting after the honors of government y 
knows nothing of piety and virtue; 
nescit pietatis aut virtutis jura regnandi 
cupiditas. Ambition viciously expends 
and lavishes what covetousness vi- 
ciously gathered together; ambilio 
male profundit, quod male collegit 
avaritia. It is worse to be proud and 
ambitious of coarse clothing than of 
rich and splendid garments; turpior 
est ambitio e vilitale culfus ; quam ex 
amictu splendido. That ambition is 
disgraceful, which hunts after praise 
by a false show and ostentation of vir- 
tue ; turpis est ambitio ex fuco virtutis 
laudem captans. For the most part, 
men forget equity and justice, when 
they become ambitious of glory ^ honor, 
and government; maxime adducuntur 
plerique, ut eos justitiae capiat oblivio, 
cum in imperiorum, honorura, gloriaeve 
cupiditatem inciderint ; Cic. 

Ambitious decrees; decreta ambi- 
tiosa ; i. e. made by suit or favor ; 
Ulp. And so, arabitiosus judex ; et am> 
bitiosa sententia, dicitur, quas gratis 
vel accepta mercede, in ajicujus favo- 
rem a judice fertur : and, amicitiae anj- 
Litiosas ; Cic. J. q. feigned friendship 
with a fair show and small effect; 
painted friendship, with many fair 
signs but little good heart. Ambitious 
courts; atria arabitiosa ; Mart. i. e. 
sumptuous. Ars ambitiosa ; Plin. i. e. 
a curious or cunning art tvith great 
ostentation. Ambitious ; i. e. curious 
diligence, seeking to get favor, or mak- 
ing an ostentatious show of diligence 
in going about any thing; diligen- 
tia ambitiosa ; Ulp. i. e. Nimis anxia 
et inusitala, etqufeapparetin nullo re- 
missa. De quibus dici solebat ; non 
amo nimium diligentcs. Ambitious, 
i. e. superfluous, ornaments serving 
only for show; ambitiosa oinamenta ; 
Hor. More ai)ibitious than Cleophon 
himself; ambitiosior ipso Cleoplioute : 
Proverb, in vecordem ct indoctum glo- 
rias plus aequo studiosum : Cleophon 
enim, homo ignobilis, literaruni ignarus, 
primas sibi in republica partes Athenis 

AJMBl'SH; insidiaj-aruin ; subscssa, 


pi. n. Subsessae-arum. Furtum insi- 

He that so lieth in Ambush ; insi- 
diator ; subsessor. 

To lie in Ambush or in wait ; insi- 
diari ; subsidere. Laid or placed in 
ambush ; positus in insidiis. To lie in 
ambush ; insidiasalicui parare, struere, 
tendere, molirl ; insidiis et arte circun- 
dare ; esse in insidiis. To do any thing 
by ambush, i. e. craftily or closely ; to 
deceive ; de vel ex insidiis aliquid age- 
re; Cic. To lay an amhush for one ; 
i. e. to lie in wait to deceive; collocare, 
instruere vel facere, insidias alicui ; 
Cic. He was slain by ambush ; ex in- 
sidiis interiit ; Cic. Not wary enough 
to shun the a-rabush of otiiers ; incautus 
insidiis, pro, ad insidias, aliorum ; Tac. 
This place is fit for lying in ambush ; 
aptus hie est ad insidiandum locus. 
The soldiers are placed in an)bush ; 
milites in insidiis locantur. This is one 
that lieth in wait or in ambush /or pas- 
sengers in the road ; hie est insidiator 
viae. The villain lieth in wait or am- 
bush/or Ccesar; insidiatur Caesari sica. 
Let lis lay in ambush to hunt the wild 
boars; insidiemur apris ; Mart. To 
lie in wait and as it were in ambush to 
espy time and opportunity; insidiari 
tempori ; Liv. Insidiae dicuntur ab 
insidendis, et occupandis locis quae ad 
insidias deliguniur. 

To AMEND ; emendare, reparare, 
restituere, restaurare, sarcire, resarcire, 
reficere, substaurare, reconcinnare, in- 
staurare. Limare, secundare. 

To AaiEND, or make better ; corri- 
gere, in melius mutare. 

To Amend ; neut. i. e. to grow 
better in maimers ; resipiscere, mores 
in melius mutare. 

To Amend, viz. in health; conva- 
lescere ; recuperare sanitatem. 

Amends ; compensatio. 

Tliat cannot or may not be Amend- 
ed ; inemendabilis, incorrigibilis. 

Amended, or corrected ; emendatus, 
correctus, reparatus, restitutus, refectus, 
restauratus, sartus, resartus, instaura- 
tus ; litnatus. 

To Amend his faults ; ad bonam, 
meliorem frugeni, ad saniorem mentem, 
in viam redire, recipere, revocare, col- 
ligere se : vitara pristinam, mores, er- 
rores vetcres, antiquos, tanquaui ser- 
pentis pellcm cxuere, deponere. Vitam 


hiale actam in raeliua commiitarc ; cul- 
pas prateritas rediinerc, resarcire. A 
vitiis referre pedem, receptui canere. 
Kx vitiorum omnium coeno, colluvh^, 
colluvione, gurgile, barathro, profundo, 
erigere se aliquando, eniergere, eluctari. 
Impurioris vitse sordes abluere, emacu- 
lare. Vitiorum crapulam edormire. 
Ex intemperantiffi vitiorumque somno 
suscitari, expergisci. Novan^ meliorem 
Vivendi rationeni inire, ingredi, institu- 
ere. Resipiscere. In melius proficere. 
Se a vitiorum illecebris expedite, ex- 
plicare ; purgare ab omni nequitiw labe. 
Vitiis omnibus atque flagitiis nuncium 
reraittere. Portus optimus poenitenti 
rautatio consilii. 

If he miscai'ry, he has the Amends 
in his own hands ; peribit inultus. 

He mafc^s Amends for his fault ; 
redimit culpam praeteritara. 

To make Amknds for a fault; ex- 
piate ; resarcire ; culpam (ut dictum) 
redimere ; vitje transactaj poenitere ; 
culpae sen peccati fajces diiuere, pudo- 
ris labem, vitaa sordes eluere : scelus 
expiare ; transactae vitae crimina condo- 
lere ; diligenlia rem sarcire ; melioris 
vitae fructus indices edere ; immergere 
aliquando, et se ad frugem bonara (ut 
dicitur) recipere ; Cic. A vitiis se ab- 
ducere, continere ; poeniteutia duci, 
tangi 5 peccatorum poeni ten tiara agere ; 
vetus vitae genus exuere ; vitae castiga- 
tionis propositum sumere ; emendatius 
vivere ; ad salubriora consilia animum 
appellere ; benefactis pensare delictum ; 
per egregia facta culpam compensare ; 
ad virtutis tramitem se recipere ; ab 
erroribus teterrimis se revocare -, in 
rationis gyrum se reducere. 

All your ill fortune, wisdom and so- 
lid resolution, or valiant courage, will 
^fl«i/y Amend or remedy; damnum a 
fortuna compensat virtus. Quod a for- 
tuna damnum accepisti, tullsti, resarciet, 
corapensabit virtus ; medebitur iis malis 
virtus ; quo te fertuna conjecit, quibus 
te afflixit fortuna, quibus te calamitati- 
bus implicavit fortuna, iis te virtus ex- 
pediet ; ut aceibara fortunam sensisti, 
ita dulcem, ac suavem virtutem expe- 
rieris j quantum detrimenti, incommodi, 
calamitatis, malorum a fortuna tulisti, 
tantos a virtute, atque adeo majores 
fructus capies, perci pies, feres, coUiges. 

To7nakeAj>iEiiDS for damages; pen- 
sare, rependere, restituere, resarcire 



To briyig one to Amendment ; ad 
sanitateai animi aliquem reducere. 

AMISS ; pravus, non rectus, malus, 
vitiosus ; incommodus. adverb : prave, 
male, vitiose ; pcrperam, minus recte, 
enormiter, mendose. - 

To do Amiss ; delinquere, peccare, 
offendere, titubare, labi, errare. 

Not much Amiss; non incommode. 
If we hav^ done any thing amiss ; si 
quid est peccatum a nobis ; Ter. You 
judge amiss of these things ; haec male 
judicas ; Ter. It will not be amiss to 
look ; non erit alienum videre. It is 
not amiss for you, to — ; non ab re est, 
ut — . If you do never so little amiss ; 
si tantulum peccasses j Plaut. They ex- 
amine what is done amiss ; quid pecca- 
tum sit-exquirunt ; Cic. They do amiss 
in tliat — ; in eo peccant — ; Cic. They 
do amiss; delictum in se admittere ; Ter. 

If any thing fall Amiss or otherwise 
than icell ; si quid praeter spem evene- 
rit ; si quid praeter animi sentenliam 
contigerit ; si quid humanitus exciderit. 
Si quid aliter atque ego sensi, aut spe- 
ravi, ceciderit. Si quid malimihicadat; 
si quid incommodi, sive adversi, eve- 

/ am grieved that this hath fallen 
out so much Amiss ; doleo hoc sic piee- 
ter votum, irao contra votum, accidisse. 
Nothing else could fall out so muck 
amiss ybr my grief; aliud nihil, ad do- 
lorem acerbius meum potuit excidere. 
This did not fall out amiss by my will; 
id non, ex voluntate mea, male accidit. 

AMONG, when it has not from be- 
fore it, is generally rendered by inter ; 
yet sotnetitnes by in, and apud : as^ 
Hortensius, in tliat thing, was much 
the better amongst all his equals ; Hor- 
tensius, hac in re, suos inter aequales 
longe praestitit ; Cic. I never thought 
that money should be reckoned among 
the best or chief good things ; nunquara 
ego pecunias in bonis, seu optimis re- 
bus, esse iMimerandas duxi ; Cic. It 
was questioned among our ancestors, 
whether — Sfc. ; qusesitum est apud ma- 
jores nostros, num — &c. ; Cic. I know 
these things are said among the 
Greeks; non sura nescius ista inter 
Graecos dici solere ; Cic. He is not 
to be reckoned among great men; hie 
in raagnis viris non est habendus ; Cic. 
Hence there grew many great discords 
among the Athenians ; hinc,apud Athe- 
nienses^magnse discordiae ortae ; Cic. 



Note; Among is cltiefly rendered 
,bij m, and apud, where consociation is 
signified; but scarcely or not at all 
where division^ or partition : as, for, 
They did divide among themselves; 
partiunlur inter se is in Cicero, and 
inter se divlserunt is in Livy: but, 
partiuntur apud se, or in se, and apud 
se or in se divist-runl, or any thing 
like it, is scarcely to be found. 

Among, ichev. it has from before it, 
is rendered by e or ex: as, He imtde 
eJioice of the very chief of all from 
among the most Sflendid orders or de- 
grees of the senators ; delegit, e flo- 
rentissiniis senatorum crdinibus, ipsa 
Juniina; Cic. If ye, from among all 
tlic peojde, had the power of choice or 
election ; si vobis, ex omni populo, de- 
legendi potestas esset. And so Among 
ii rendered when it stands for of, or 
oiitof ; or when ii any way notes selec- 
tion or pre-eminency : as, He trusted 
most to him of all among, or of, the 
other Gavls ; ei, ex aliis omnibus Gai- 
lis, maximam fidem habebat ; Cass. / 
thought that only should not be done 
among all the others, which he had 
commanded ; id so'uini, ex his omnibus 
^[^\^^ imperasK t. non faciendum es>e 
censebam ; Curt. Whom alone you 
Jiad chct;Cu ctitfrar. Jtmong (dl; quem 

r>nuni ex cuncfis delegissetis ; Cic. 
They are not lilted among the common 
S')rt ; non sane probanlur in vulgus ; 
Cic. //(' icas like to have been lost 
among ihcm : penc harum ipsiusque 
opera periit ; Ter. To put among the 
Gods; reponere in Deos. Among 
frie7Hts all things are common; com- 
munia sunt aniicorum inter se omnia. 
He was accounted or esteemed among 
the chief ornaments of the age ; is, in- 
ter pra^cipua seculi ornamenta, poneba- 
tur. We knoiv ourselves among our- 
seives; novimus nos internes. They 
fight among tltemselves xcifh their 
horns ; inter se cornibus pugnant. Let 
us play among ourselves ; inter nos 
ludamus; Plant. To speak among 
themselves ; inter se loqui. Speak well 
one of another among yourselves ; inter 
Tos bene dicati^ ; Plant. 

To AMOUMX to, as in reckoning; 
crescerc, exurgere, valere. The sum 
amounts to thus much; surama hue 

What he said Amounts to the same 
thing ; quae dixit, idem vulent j Cic, 


// amounts to nothing ; nihil valet. 

AKCES'iORS; anlecessores, majo- 
res, parentes ; priores, progenilores, 
patres, avi ; procreatores, seniores ; 
generis auctores ; sui generis principes ; 
superiorum memorlarnm homines. 

To imitate his Ancestors ; majorcs, 
principes sni generis imitari, zemulan. 
Eniti esse majoribus quam simillimuin. 
Majomni vestigiisinhaererejinsistere. In 
niajorum suorum stare vestigiis. Ma- 
jorum famam satis rebus gestis, mores, 
vitam, res gestas imitatione exprimere, 
asquare. Se ad normam paterna» glorise, 
ad mores et consuetudinem majoruni 
conforniare, componere. Generi suo, 
gloria?, noniini niajcrum, patrum re- 
spondcre. Exeniplaria sujb vita? niajo- 
res sibi ante oculos proponere. Paternae 
laudis, gloria?, virlutis, nobilitatis aimu- 
lum esse ; vestigia fcliciter persequi. 
Dignum se majoribus suis praestare. 
DomesticfB laudis amplitudinem tueri. 
Virlutem quam majores sui tanquani 
hajreditarem reliquerunt, retinere. Pa- 
trum vestigia iinplere. Patrum vestigia 
legere. Sapere patruos. Fortes cre- 
antur fortibus et bonis. 

Ancestry ; parentela, prosapia-se, 
f. ; stemma-atis, n. 

Unlike his Ancestors in manners ; 

To degenerate from, or to be unlike, 
his Ancestors ; a virtnte, gloria, gra- 
vitate patrum, parentum, majorum de- 
generare, desciscere,.deficere. Glorlse 
majorum segetem extirpare. Suis vitiis, 
turpitndine sua, domesticis sordibus de- 
decorare majores ;. lumen paternae glorise 
tenebris offundere ; paterno noniini ig- 
nominiaminurere ; veteres majorum lau- 
<les ohterere ; dedecori esse majoribus 
suis ; percnncra fontem paternse gloriae 
exsiccare, exhaurire. M.ijorum familia, 
stirpe indignum so pra^bere. Gloriic 
majorum non respondere. A via raajo-' 
rum defleclere. Ha;reditatem paternae 
virtutis, gloriae amittere. Vestigia ma- 
jorum deserere. A parentum vestigiis 
recedere, resilire. Laudis domesticK 

To excel his Ancestors in tnrtue ^ 
and glory ; obscuram majorum fami- 
Iram sua virtute in lucem e tenebris vo- 
care. Familiae suae dignitatem addere, 
augere. Posteris suis pnebere virtutis 
exemplum et nobililatis initium. Super 
titulos majorum scandere. Homo no- 
vus, at veteribus Suae familiae longe il- 

A N 

lustrior ; non imaginibus majorum, sed 

virtutibus suis clarissimus. Pennas 

nido majores extendere. 

Our Ancestors thought it a great 
shame to lie ; majoribus mentiri turpis- 
simum fuit. Majorum nostrum aetate, 
tempestate, temporibus, quo seculo ma- 
jores nostri vixerunt, mendacium pro- 
bro fuit maxirao, mendacium dicere 
res turpissima habebatur. 

In our Ancestors' times truth was 
so much honored and esteemedy that 
liars were accounted the most base and 
unworthy of all otHers ; apud majores 
nostros Veritas ita colebatur, ut falsi ho- 
mines pessime audirent. 

Our Ancestors did nfuch prefei^and 
esteem virtue before riches; majores 
nostri divitias virtuti longe post pone- 
bant. Majores nostri divitias virtufl 
postponebant ; majojes nostri divitias 
minimi pMtabant, unam virtuteni seqiie- 
bantur ; apud majores nostros minima 
divitiaram, virtutis erat ratio maxima ; 
nullo loco apud majores nostros divitiae 
fuerunt, virtus una vigebat maxime ; 
plurimum semper apud majores nostros 
virtus vaiuit ; minimum divitiae ; opes 
in minimis ponebant ; postremas omni- 
um rerum divitiae illis erant ; rem fa- 
in iliarem, quseque nos bona appellamus, 
parvi, minimi, nihili reputabant, duce- 
bant, astimabant, pendebant, faciebant, 
flocci faciebant, flocci non faciebant, 
(idem enim significatur, sive absit, sive 
adsit particula non) ; minimi erant apud 
majores nostros opes, minimi ponderis, 
nullo apud eos loco, parvi momenti ; 
postremum apud eos locum opes obti- 
nebant, de opibus minimum laborabant ; 
divitias prae virtute contemnebant, in- 
fra virtu tem ducebant, post virtutem 
habebant, virtule posteriores judica- 

Our Ancestors, pr forefathers : 
majores apud Romanes nominabantur 
parentes supra tritavum, qui speciale 
noroen non haberent, nempe post pa- 
tris, praeavi,. abavi, atavi vocabulum : 
minores autem non dicimus, nisi quo- 
tiens deficit graduum nomen, ut filius, 
»epos, proncpos, abnepos, trinepos. 
Alias vero generaliter majores omnes 
appellantur, qui ante nps fuerunt, veJ 
ante aliquot secula, licet nullo nobis 
sanguinis vinculo sint devincti. 

In our Ancestors' age or memory, 
such villanies were never so much as 
heard of, far less acted and committed ; 



nostrorum aetate aut memoria majorum 
hujusmodi scelera nunquam audita, 
nedum perpetrata, fuerunt. 

An ANCHOR q/* a ship; anchora. 

To Anchor, or cast anchor ; ancho- 
ram jacere. 

At Anchor ; in anchoris stans : 
and sOy To ride at anchor ; in anchoris, 
or, ad anchoram, stare. To weigh an- 
chor; anchoram sublevare, solvere. 
AndySHCTSim anchoram solvere, Prover- 
bialiter dicitur, quoties, ad extrema re- 
fu^a confugitur. 

Soy the Anchor of a house ; ancho- 
ra domus : prorefugio, et columna do- 
mus. Heaven doth often 'prevent the 
casting of anchor ; prasvertit saepe an- 
chorse jactum Deus : quod dici solet, 
cum res praeter spem evenit. He is 
held up or supported by two anchors j 
or, as is said, by both arms ; duabus 
anchoris fultus est : quod de firmis di- 
citur et inimotis. To take up the an- 
chors ; anchoras tollere : i. e. discessum 
raoliri. The sheet-anchor y or sure 
anchor-hold; anchora sacra. The high- 
est anchor; anchora superior, suprenia^ 
Isid. i. e. a mark set to note some great 
matter. To lie at anchor ; in anchoris, 
vel, ad anchoras, stare ; Caes. 

ANCIENT ; antiquus, vetus, pris- 
cus, pervetustus, canus, avitus, pristi- 
nus ; redolens antiquitatem j superiori- 
bus seculis ortus. 

Grown Ancient, or old ; invetera- 
tus, antiquatus. 

To groic Ancient ; senescere, inve- 
terascere, sou inveterescere. 

AaciBHTi-y , or in old time ; antique, 
antiquitus, olim, jam olim, antehac, 
quondam j superiori, patrum, avorum 
memoria. Priscis, praeteritis, antiquis 
temporibus. ^tate majorum. A prce- 
senti memoria Semotum. Longe prjB- 
terito et transacto seculo. Apud secu- 
lum prius ; majores nostros, priscos, 
antiques; qui quo propius aberant ab 
ortu et divina progenie, hoc melius ea 
cernebant. Saturno regnanle. Rusti- 
ca Saturno regna tenente fuit. Prise i 

temporis annis. l^rius tunc cum 

meliora fuerunt secula. 

An Ancient manj senex, aetate 
provectus, grandaevus. 

An Ancient custom; mos vetustus, 
vetus antiquus. 

An ANcrENT in war ; antesignanus, 
signifer, vexiilifer. 



AND ; et, ac, atque ; que, autein, 
rero ; tam, necnon. 

And, coming next before not, and 
prohibiting an act following, is ele- 
gantly rendered by auteni : as, You 
should relieve him, and not rail at him; 
oportet te hominem sublevare, non au- 
teni jurgiisadoriri. Note: and, in this 
sense, is put in English for but ; and 
may be rendered by vero as well as 
autem ; and in affirmations, as well as 

And, parted from its negative foU 
lowing^ is elegantly expressed in Latin 
by nee or neque : as, Those stars are 
turned 'about the earth itself, and they 
do not return to the same place, not in 
a great many years afterwards ; circa 
terram ipsam volutantur ista sidera, 
nee in hune locum nisi multis exagitata 
seculis revertuntur; Cic. There was 
a time when men inhabited country 
villages, and scarcely had any toicn or 
city to dwell in ; fuit tenipus cum rura 
colerent homines, neque urbem uliam 
haberent. Be begins again the old 
wars, and cannot be quiet ; renovat 
pristina bella, Miec potest quiescere ; 
Cic. And do not you say, you were 
not told of this ; neque tu hoc dicas, 
tibi non prfedictum ; Ter. 

Note : ac and et may also in this 
sense be used: as, Bring home your 
wife, And do not oppose me; reduc ux- 
orem, ac noli adversari mihi ; Ter. This 
man if he agree with himself , and be 
not sometimes overcome with goodness 
of nature; hie, si sibi ipse consentiat 
et non interduni naturae bonitate vin- 
catur ; Cic. 

And, coming before yet and there- 
fore, may in Latin be omitted, having 
nothing for it but the Latin of those 
particles: as. The consul seeSy and 
yet he lives ; consul videt, hie tamen 
viv-it ; Cic. And therefore, while you 
hace timCy consider ; proin tu, dumest 
tempus, cogita ; Ter. 

Andjirtf A if, many times has nothing 
more in Latin for it, than the word for 
if ; sometimes it has quod : as, What 
and \fye shall see? quid igilur si vide- 
ritis ? But and //— ; at si 

Note : sometimes And alone is put 
for and if, (in this sense): as. 

But And if you will not forgive ; 
>i autem non remiseritis. ^Not and ^ 
tiou would have killed me ; non si me 
occidisses; Petron. 

- AN 

When And comes between two 
verbs active ^ there may be an elegant 
translation of them by putting a par- 
ticiple, instead of the former verb and 
the particle and: as, Whom his 
mother conceived and bore ; quem ma- 
ter conceptura genuit ; Virg. 

And, in most other cases, is to he 
translated by ac, atque, et necnon, que 
and turn : as in the following examples: 
Servitio premet ; ac victis dominabitur 
Argis ; Virg. JRn. i. Etiara atque etiam 
cogita ; Ter. Eun. i. 1. Sunt alii phi, 

losophi et hi quidem magni, qui ; 

Cic. I. de Nat. Deor. Nunc te, Bac- 
che, canam, nee non sylvestria tecum 

virgulta ; Virg. Georg. 2. Tibi, 

ut debeo, gratulor laetorque ; Cic. 2. 
Fam. 9. Lentulum nostrum cum cete- 
ris artibus, turn in primis imitatione tui 
fac erudias ; Cic. 1. I. Ep. 8. 

And you an'd all ; et te quoque eti- 
am ; Plaut. He had lost his faith and 
all; perdidisset fidera quoque ; Quint, 
And why so ? nam quid ita ? quamo- 
brem tandem ? Ter. By little and 
little ; paulatira ; sensi.u ; pedeten- 
tim ; Cic. Now and then ; nonnun- 
quam j interdum ; identidem ; subinde. 

To run up And down ; sursum de- 
orsum cursitare ; Ter. Hither and 
thither; nunc hue, nunc illuc; Virg. 
Hue et illuc ; Cic. I commend them 
and that deservedly ; ego illos laudo, 
idque merito. And because; that, 
lest; sinml quod; quia, ut nej Caes. 
Sal. Cic. Ter. How can we go out 
and not be seen ? quomocio possunms 
egredi, utnon conspiciamur ? Petron. 

By a little dimness of sight I am 
forced to dictate this epistle, And not 
write it mijself, as I use to do to you; 
parvula lippitudine adductus sum, ut 
dictarera lianc epistolam, et non, ut so- 
leo, ad te ipse scriberem ; Cic. That 
which you desireis done, and yet with- 
out any trouble to you ; sine tuo labore, 
quod veils, actum est tamen ; Plaut. 
And yet every one cannot be Scipio ; 
nee tamen omnes possunt esse Scipio- 
nes ; Cic. And yet every one cannot 
go to Corinth; nee tamen cuivis con- 
tingit adire Corinthum. 

Whom the neighbours, or those who 
are next, did receive, And take into 
their camp; quem proxirai except urn 
in castra reeeperunt ; Curt. He made 
me drunk, and put out my eye ; roe ine- 
briatum excaecavit. And not long qfter ; 


neque ita longo intervallo. And not 
tcithoiU cause ; ncc injuria. And you 
cannot but know it ; nee clam te est. 
And yet why slwuld I tea£h you this ? 
quanquara te quidem quid hoc doceara ? 
/ suffer for my rashness ; and yet what 
rashness was there in it ? do poenas te- 
meritatis meae ; etsi quae fuit ilia teme- 
ritas ? And yet they will not do that 
neither ; neque tanien id facient. 

And therefore, is rendered by 
proin, proinde : «w, A nd therefore while 
you have time consider ; proin tu, dum 
est tenipus, cogita. And therefore be 
as courageous as the case requires; 
proinde, fac tanlum aninniin habeas, 
quanto opus est. Indeed I already ex- 
pected your lettei's, and that with many 
others ; equidein jam expectabam tuas 
literas, idque cura multis aliis ; Cic. 
Although, my son Marcus, you must 
needs be instructed with a great many 
precepts J since that you have heard 
Cratippus for above a year, and tliat 
at Athens ; quanquara te, Marce fili, 
annum jam audientem Cratippura, id- 
que Athenis, abundare oportet pracep- 
tis ; Cic. 

Without ifs or Andsj plane, ab- 

And «o forth; et caetera, &c. Et 
quae sequuntur. 

ANGER J ira, iracundia ; indigna- 
tio, furor ; stomachus, excandescentia j 
sarvitia; bills ; aninii calor, tumor, elfer- 
vescentia, anHuus j or animi, pi. m. 
aSt pone animos. Anger quickly 
moved ;' iracundia ; or aptness to anger. 
Inclination to anger ; or also, extreme 
anger ; excandescentia. 

To make one Ay cnY , or to provoke one 
to anger or wrath ; aliquem lacessere, 
irritare, exulcerare, exacerbare, exaspe- 
rare dictis; ad iram, iracundiara accen- 
dere, instigare, prbvocare ; verbis in- 
flammare ; ad furorem impellere : com- 
rootura, duriorem et acerbiorera red- 
dere ; iratiorem, asperiorem. facere ; 
furiis, furoribus incendere. Alicui ani. 
mum cpmraovere, exulcerare : storaa- 
chura, bilera movere, facere, conci- 
tare, com movere ; irarum faces ad move- 
re, subjicere : irara incitare. — Stimulis 
liaud raollibus iram incitat. — Verbis 
odia aspera movit. Acuere furorem. 
Incenditque animum dictis, atque ag- 
gerat iras. In alium instigare, incen- 
dere, incitare, asperiorem reddere, &c. 
A licujus animum turbare, exulcerare; 
incensum dare, pro, iratum dare ; Ter. 



To be Angry, or to be vexed ordis' 
pleased ; irasci, succensere, indignariy 
stomachari, acriusincalescere, incandes- 
cere, cxcandescere, fremere, maxime 
fervere. Ira, iracundia efferri, coramo- 
veri, vehementer ardere, exardere, in- 
tumescere, furere, effraenatum ferri, fu- 
renter flagrare, accendi, infiammari, in- 
cendi, fervescere, effervescere, incitari, 
agitari. Irarum stimulis exardescere, 
Irato, percito esse amino. Praj ira- 
cundia non sum apud me. Animus 
mihi ardet, cor cumulatur ira. In fer- 
mento sum totus. Ingentes irarum 
motus in auimo concipere. Furente 
iracundia exire de potestate, consilio, 
ratione, mente. Animus exulceratus. 
Exarsere ignes, animo sumit iram. Va- 

rio, magno irarum fluctuat sstu. 

Ingentes animo colligit, concipit, exer- 

cet iras. Animus tumida fervebat ab 

ira. Ardet et iram non capit ipse suam. 
iMeura fervensdifficili bile tumet jecur. 

Sui furiis agitata doioris, 

Meum jecur urere hilis. Ambas ira- 

tus buccas inflat. Irarum omnes ef- 

fundit habenas. Furor iraque meu- 

tera praecipitant. — '— Tumidas exarsit 

in iras. Immani concitus, fervidu« 

ira. Iracundior Adria. 

Angry, angered, or displeased and 
vexed ; iratus, infensus, iracundus j 
stomachans, indignans, indignabundus, 
ssBvus, irritatus, exacerbatus ; acerbus ; 
concitus, commotus j ardens, ira cora- 
raotus, aflfectus, agitatus, adductus, im- 
pulsus, incitatus, actus, accensus, in- 
dammatus ; qui irritabili est ingenio. 
To be half angry ; subirasci. To b2 
violently angry ; furere, saevire, obsse- 
vire ; rabiare, debacchari, sstuare, ex- 

Exceedingly Angry ; incensus ira j 
vehementer ira commotus. 

Quickly Angry ; iracundus, stoma- 
cbosus, irritabilis, stomachabundus. 

To be Angry/o)' every trifle; nulla, 
levissima causa irasci. Minima ofFen- 
sionis causa oblata, interposita ; occa- 
sione admodum levi assumpta, arrepta, 
accepta exardescere, efferri, incendi 
iracundia ; animo irapotenti, effraenato 
invehi, invadere in aliquem. Acriter, 
acerrime de quavis offensiuncula dimi- 
care, digladiari, depugnare. De nihilo, 
de lana caprina, de asini umbra (quod 
aiunt) altercari, contendere, decertare. 
Injuria, offensione nulla fere lacessitqs, 
provocatus, cum amico litem contesta- 
tam habuit. Pro levibus noxis iras graves 



sumere, plumbeas gerere. Causae leves 
impulerunt ad iras. Unum verbum in- 
ter eos odium constituit. Pusilla; de 
causa, de re quantiimvis levi litem, rix- 

am movere. Prave sectum stoma- 

charis ob unguem. Rixatur de lana 

sfepe caprina. Propugnat nugis armatus. 

To be furiously Angry; animus ex- 
\ilceratns ; stomachi perturbatio acer- 
rima ; furor alicujus efFrasnatus ac praj- 
ceps ; admodum, furenter, irasci alicui. 
Plane, maxime, succensere alicui ; laxas 
irae permittere habenas-; acrius incales- 
cere ; iracunde rabioscque quidquam 
facere ; furor ilium invasit ; iras secura 
animo coquere; plumbeas iras gerere; 
Plaut. Iram in aliquem efFundere ; 
iraro acerbiorera intlrao odio et corde 
concipere ; inter aestus iracundife fluc- 
tuare ; flagranti percitus ira ; quodam 
quasi animi aestu elFervescerc ; seevit 
animis ignobile vulgus ; raaximo irae 
aestu excandescere. 

To repress or stay, to bridle or re- 
strain his Auger or fury ; iram, ira- 
cundiam suam reprimere, cohibere, 
comprimere, temperare, coercere, con- 
tinere, compescere, decoquere, refrae- 
nare. Irae modura fraenumque ponere, 
^tatuere, adhibere. -^stus iracundiae 
suae comprimere. Dissiraulare stoma- 
chum, mussare injuriara. 

To smother his Anger; vince ani- 
mos iramque tuam. Corapesce men- 

tem. Animum rege, qui nisi paret, 

imperat; hunc fraenis, hunc tu compes- 
ce catenis. Irje raoderari. Animos 
iramque ponere. Mitiga pectus ferura. 
Iras remisso pectore ac piacido feras. 
Revocare animum ab ira. Stomachum, 
ob rei indignitatem, efFervescentem, ra- 
tione cohibere : rationis moderamine 
reflectere irae appetitura. 

To appease one's Anger ; iram, ira- 
cundiam, furorem, impetum alicujus 
lenire, mitigare, delinire, componere, 
comprimere, compescere, temperare, 
minuere, sedare, diminuere, extcnuare, 
extinguere. Iratura, commotum,pacare, 
placare, conciliare, mollire, lenire, de- 
lenire : in pacem, gratiam restiluere. 
reducere. Animum ofFensum compo- 
nere, ,pcrraulctrc, sopire, consopire fu- 
rorem, aestum iracundiae. lidem qui 
facimus, factam tenuabimus iram, iram- 
que minasquo supplicibus superare votis 

mollitque animos et temperat iram. 

Alio aliquem placare et lenire : incen- 
sum restringere : pacatum, placatum 


Wise men ought not to be moved 
with excessive Anger by the inju- 
ries of others ; sapientes, aliorum in- 
juriis, ira nimia minirae commoveri de- 

Do not lay aside the greatness of 
your own mind, in being Angry for 
the wrong or injury of any one ; mag- 
nitudinem animi tui ne retiectas cujus- 
quata injuria. 

He is too Angry with you now for 
that ; is nunc propterea tibi succenset ; 

He is Angry with you for some- 
thing ; est quod succenset tibi ; Ter. 

A little matter will serve to make 
them Angry ; pro levibus noxiis iras 
gerunt ; Ter. 

They are Angry at one another ^ u 
e. fallen out; ira inter illos intercessit ; 

To be very Angry ; gravius com- 
moveri ; ira ardcre, inflammari, efFerri, 
incendi, excandescere; iracundia in- 
flammatum esse, efFerri, moveri, exar- 
dere, graviter irasci ; Cic. 

/ am so Angry / am not myself; 
prae iracundia non sum apud me ; Ter, 
He was so angry at it; hoc animo tani 
iracundo tulit; Ter. 

I was a little Angry when I wrote 
back to you ; rescripsi tibi subiratua ; 
Cic. They were very angry with us ; 
erant nobis perirati ; Cic. 

Whatsoever thou dost in thine An- 
ger, it will return to thy shame at 
last; iracunde commissum dedecus. 
Quicquid ages iracunde, iratus, in ira, 
cum ira, irato animo, anirao ira com- 
moto, ira afFecto, ira agitato, commotus 
ira, adductus, inductus, impulsus, in- 
citatus, actus, accensus, inflammatus, 
iracundiae vi impulsus, turpiter ages, * 
tua cum infamia, ignominia, tuo cum 
dedccore, turpi te macula inquinabis, 
labe inficies, dedecus, infamiae turpia 
nota consequetur. 

He is very Angry ; animus illi ar- 
det ; stimulis iraram exar^escit ; plum- 
beas gerit iras ; nunc in fermento lotus 
est animus ejus ; spirat piperatis nari- 
bus ; tota excandescit bile. Contorta 
nare, truci supercilio, fremit, et fren- 

The affair seemed to be below the 
decency, or decorum, of Anger; res 
infra dignitatem iras videbatur. 

Be not so Angry as to scold; absit 
vulius torvitas, verboruni acerbitas aut 
niorositas. He was so atxgry that he 


looked as if fie would have eaten us up, 
«r looked through us ; corrugans fron- 
tem, porrigens labia, Gorgoneis no9 ob- 
tuebatur ocuiis. 

When any one is in his Angry 
tnoodf tee then speak him fair ; siquan- 
do quis ira commotior evadat, blando, 
tunc temporis, sermone leniendus est. 

Be not so AiiGHY J I pray you; bona 
▼erba quaeso ; ne saevi tantopere. 

Do not in Angkb snap us up so ; 
ne, quaeso, in nos, destringas iram tuam. 
In Anoek he has a fierce and fu- 
rious look ; vultus, in ira, talis est ei, 
qualis esse solet Martis irati. / do not 
care for j/owr anger; tuara non moror 
TJiorositatem. Yo'U are angry without 
a cause ; uris absque torre. His looks 
showed he was angry ; nubilo iram vultu 
decJaravit ; excandescebat fremens et 

His look was louring or Angrtt ; 
vultu ad severitatem composito. I 
speak him fairy wlien I see him frown 
for anger ; ubi quid stomachatur, re- 
pente illi abblandiri soleo. Whatever 
his anger makes him speak ; quicquid 
illi suggesserit splendida bilis. 

Am GUY or choleric foUts ; qui sto- 
roachi erant irapatientioris. Concealing 
his anger ; dissimulatu stomacho. Wliat 
makes you so angry or moody? quaenara 
ilia tempestas, in vuitura quai tuunr 
inundavit ? The remembrance of their 
country did presently appease all their 
anger ; extemplo iras omnibus meinoria 
patriae permulsit. 

versio ; observ^tio. 

To Animadvert, or remark or take 
notice; animum adverteie. 

To ANIMATE, i. e. to encourage; 
animare ; aniraos addere ; incendere ; 
cohortari, cohortationibus impellere, 
studium inflamraare ; menteni alicui re- 
ponere. To animate mu£h, or highly 
to encourage ; faces alicui addere, sub- 
dere ; calcar addere current! ; spiritum 
alicui afFerre ; metum et difl&dentianj 
alicui adimere, If this mmi be par- 
donedy many more will be animated and 
encouraged to do mischi^; si huic fu- 
erit remissum, alii plures alacriores ad 
maleficia futuri sunt ; Cic, 

To ANNIHILATE, i. e. to bring to 
nothing ; annihilate, in nihilura redi- 
gere. Annihilated ; annibilatus ; in 
nihilum redactus. , 

To ANOINT J ungere, inungere, 



perungere, exungere, Jinere, illlnere, 
perlinere, allinere, oblinere, sublinere ; 
iilinire, perlinire, delinire ; imbuere, 
perfundere, mulcere, induere. Super- 
ungere, superinungere, superlinere, 
superiilinere. Corpus nardo tingere, 
ungere oleo ; unguento sufFundere, 
perfundere j unguentis perlinere ; os, 
caput perfricare. Nudatos humeros 
oleo perfusa nitescit. — Crassis lutatus 

ANOTHER ; alter ; alius. 
One Another ; invicem, se invi- 
cem ; alii alios. 

One after Another j alternis. 
Another man'*; alienus. Another 
way ; aliorsum. At another timet or 
in another plojce ; alias. 

Were it with you as it is with me, 
you would be of Another mind ; tu 
si hie sis, aliter sentias ; Ter. He M of 
another mind ; aliter putat ; Ter. He 
published two laws : one — another — ; 
duas leges promulgavit : unam — ali- 
ara — J Caes. / have spoken of friend- 
ship in another book ; de amicitia alio 
libro dictum est ; Cic. To think on • 
one thing after another ; aliam rem ex 
alia cogitare j Ter. They stand now 
on one foot^ now on another j alternis 
pedibus insistunt j Plin. They contend 
one with another j inter se contendunt j 
Cic. Their society one with another ; 
societas ipsorum inter ipsos ; Cic. Lest 
he be (j/" another mind; ne'is mutet 
suam sententiara j Ter. He is of ano- 
ther mind now ; de sententia deductus 
est ; Cic. One is bigger than another ; 
aliud alio raajus ; Cic. They may as- 
sist one another ; alii aliis prodesse pos- 
sunt ; Cic. Good turns done one from 
another ; beneficia ultro citroque data 
acceptaque ; Cic. One mischief after 
another ; aliud ex alio malum ; Ter. 
One qfter another, in order ; ex ordine ; 
Cic. Alii ex aliis ; Flor. They run 
their heads one against another ; ad- 
versis concurrunt frontibus ; Mart. 
Tliey differ one from another; inter se 
dissident; Cic. TAfyZifee one another 
tvell ; uterque utrique est cordi ; Ter. 
The boys love one another ; piieri amant 
inter se ; Cic. They use to be compared 
one tvith another ; inter se comparari 
Solent ; Cic. It is one thing to revile, 
another thing to accuse ; aliud est ma- 
ledicere, aliud accusare ; Cic. He 
dispersed them abroady some to one 
placCf some to another ; alia alio dissi- 



pavit ; Cic. Another thing at another 
time; alias aliud ; <3ic. They killed 
one another ; mutuis ictibus occidere ; 
Tacit. At one time he attempts my 
soldiers, at another my friends ; niodo 
milites meos, raodo arnicas solicitat ; 
Curt. Liberal with another's purse ; 
de alieno liberalis. To be lavish at 
another man's cost ; de alieno corio li- 
beralis ; ex alieno lata secare lora. 

To ANSWER ; respondere, respon- 
sare ; subjicere ; responsa dare. Ex- 
cipere verba, dicta, orationem alicujus, 

1 have AiiswsnED your letter ; epis- 
tolae tuae persolvi. To answeinothing 
to the purpose ; alienum a proposito, 
praeter rem responsuni dare. 

To Answer again, as an echo ; re- 
sonare, assonare, responsare ; resequi. 

To Answer, or to be bound to an- 
swer in an action or suit at law ; re- 

To Answer /rom the purpose ; alie- 
num respondere. 

To Answer in law for another ; va- 
dimonium obire pro aliquo. 

To Answer objections; adversarii 
nodos dissolvere. 

He that Answers /or another in 
his absence ; responsaVis. Prajs j vas, 

Answered /or ; is pro quo vadirao- 
nium obitur. 

Answerable or correspondent; 
congruus, conveniens, quadrans. 

Answerable, or bound to answer 
it; obligatus ; obnoxius. 

To Answer one; respondere alicui. 

To Answer like for like ; malevo- 
lorum dictis respondere. Par pari re- 
ferre. Verbum verbo reddere. Re- 
criminari. Crimen, convitiiim regerere. 
Fallacia fallaciam trudere. Remorde- 
re. Lege talionis agere. Contumeliara, 
convitium retorquere, retaliare. Con- 
vitiis convitia retundere. Eodem ma- 
ledicis propinare poculo. 

To Answer for one; respondere 
pro aliquo. To answer to that which 
waif asked; respondere ad rngatum. 
To answer, or to do what one wishes ; 
respondere voto alicujus. To answer in 
short ; respondere paucis et pauca. 

The event Answers to the expecta- 
tion ; ad speni respondet eventus. He 
answers like for like; par pari refert ; 
lege talionis agit. Thus I answered 
what a little before I concluded ; ratio- 

A N 

ni illi, quam paulo ante conciusi, sic 
occurri. That does not agree or an- 
swer to what was before ; id minima 
superior! respondet ; Cic. The profit 
does not answer, or is not equal to 
the Jflhor ; fructus non respondet labo- 
ri ; Ovid. 

To Answer, or to be equal to, the 
praises of the Grecians ; laudibus re- 
spondere Graecorura. To answer ar- 
guments or objections ; objectas argu- 
mentationes diluere. Adversarii nodos 
dissolvere : rationes, argumenta, firma- 
menta, argutias, captiones refellcre, 
enervare, elevare, infirmare, convincere, 
retundere, redarguere, rejicere, r^futa- 
re, infringere : tela frangere, retorque- 
re ; argunientorura nervos elidere. Quae 
objecta sunt diluere. 

To build a gallery, which may be 
Answerable to, or right over-against, 
the palace; ajdificare porticum, quae 
palatio respondeat ; Cic. 

To Answer men's expectations ; ho- 
minum spem de sc conceptam minime 

■Not to Answer men's expectations ; 
ab hominum de se opinione dissentire. 

To Answer the expectation one has 
of himself; sustinere expectationem 
sui.' / offer you my good will, but am 
not yet able to answer /or success ; ego 
voluntateni tibi enietiar, sed rem ip- 
sam nondum posse videor ; Cic, The 
republic had made herself answerable 
for any damage that might be done by 
a tempest; publicum periculum erat a 
vi tempestatis ; Liv. / will be an- 
swerable for the expense; praestabo 
sumptixm ; Cic. 

ANTIQUE ; antiquus ; archaicus, 
a, um ; exoletus. 

Antiquity ; antiquitas, vetustas, 
multoruni annorum curriculum ; h. e. 
A multitude of years past; diutuniitas 
temporis, seculorum series j &c. Vide 

Monuments of great Antiquity ; 
evidentiora veterum monumentorum 
vestigia extitere. You may see on 
these marbles fragments of antiquity ; 
durissimo marpiori inscripta vestigia vi- 
de bis literarum. To gather out of the 
ashes 0/ antiquity some rare pieces and 
relics ; ex antiquitatis umbris, tenebris, 
et ruderibus, in solem et splendorem 
proferre, vindicare. If you search an- 
tiquity ; si primorum replicaveris an- 


To reckon from Antiquity ; ex om- 
nium seculoruni meiuorla, ab antiquis 
tcniporibus rem deduccre. That CUS' 
torn hai the more force, because of its 
antiquity ; consuetudo ha^c magis inva- 
luit et plus roboris habet propter ve- 
tustatera jpsius. Those things which 
you mention are antiquated, and out of 
date; quae tu recenses antiqua sunt et 
obsoleta. That case which you have 
undertaken is of greater antiquity than 
you can remember ; causa hajc, quam 
suscepisti antiquior est memoria tua. 
You bring doton those things from the 
very first, highest or greatest antiqui- 
ty of them; hsec tu deducis, ut dicitur, 
ab ovo, et ab ipsis rerum ipsarum pri- 
mordiis. In your discourse thei'e is a 
great appearance of antiquity ; in tua 
narratione magna est antiquitatis effi- 
gies. Your discourse bespeaks anti- 
quity itself; for you prove the design 
from antique or ancient annals ; vetus- 
tatera sapit tua narratio ; veteribus 
euim annalibus rem ipsam confirmas. 
And that you have done by frequent in- 
spection into the records of men of 
great antiquity ; idque fieri non potuit 
absque frequenti revolutione monumen- 
toruni a viris aut auctoribus pristinae 
antiquitatis editorura, For you bring 
many examples of great antiquity ; ve- 
tustatis enim exempla plurima adfers. 

ANXIOUS J anxius, solicilus. Anxi- 
ety; anxietas, solicitudo, angor ani- 

In Anxtetv or trouble for the dan- 
ger he was in ; anxius vicem suam j 

Anxious or troubled with cares ; 
anxii curis-; Liv. Anxious or earful 
for his nephew^s safety ; anxius secu- 
ritatis Nepotum; Plin. To have an 
rftixious and careful mind ; anxio esse 
animo ; Cic. Anxious or careful old 
men ; anxii senes ; Clc. 

Anxious or careful for the glory of 
another ; anxius glorise alterius ; Liv. 

/ was very Anxious or careful about 
the affairs of the city ; soUicitus erara 
de rebus urbanis ; Plant. Anxious or 
careful about this; in hoc «olicitus ; 
Quint. Pro hoc solicitus ; Gell. De 
hoc — ; ex hoc — ; Ter. Anxi6us or trou- 
bled for anoHier ; solicitus vicera al- 

Wealth, causing Anxiety and care ; 
opes solicitae ; Hor. JV hat great aniii- 
ctles and cares has this man made? 



quantas hie eonfecit solicitudines ? 
(Jura est in spe bonorum j solicitado 
in metu malorum. 

ANY ; ullus, quivis, quispiam, qui- 
libet, aliquis. 

Any thing; quicquam, quidpiam, 
quodpiam, quod vis. Any? ecquis ? 
ecquisnara ? Any where; quoquam, 
quovis, quopiam ; usquam, uspiam. 
Any while; aliquandiu. Any one; 
quivis unus ; Cic. Any one of you; 
quivis vestrum ; Plaut. Any dangers 
are to be ventured on for honor's sake ; 
adeunda sunt quaevis pericula decoris 
causa ; Cic. Some tJtere be that will 
suffer any thing, so they may but have 
their ends; sunt, qui quid vis perpeti- 
antur, dum quod velint, consequantur j 
Cic. If he would have any thing of 
me ; si quid me velit ; Ter. As I was 
asking whether any ship were come ; 
dum percontor ecqua navis venerit; 
Plaut. Ho, is any body there? heus, 
ecquis hie est? Plaut. Whereas you 
ask whether there be any hope — ; quod 
queeris ecquae (ecquaenam) spes sit — ; 
Cic. But if there shall be any neces- 
sity for this ; sin quae necessitas hujus 
obvenerit ; Cic. Nor could any wind 
blow, but — ; neque ullus flare ventus, 
poleratquin; Caes. Scarcely any has 
escaped the like death; baud fere quia - 
quam talera interitum effugit ; Cic. 
They denied that they had any further 
commands; negabant sibi ultra quic- 
quam mandatura esse ; Liv. Whereto 
is banishment open for any one? quid 
attinet cuique exilium patere ? Liv. 
Nor indeed did I go any where after 
that day; nee vero usquam discede- 
bam ex eo die ; Cic. If there be any 
questioning or disputing about any 
thing ; si de quapiam re quaeratur dis- 
puteturque ; Gell. Are you going any 
where ? iturane quopiam es ? Ter. Any 
never so small a matter ; quaelibet vel 
minima res ; Cic. PVas he any thing 
the richer, when — ; nunquid copiosior 
fuit, cum — ; Cic. It were better to 
live any where, than — ; praestabilius 
fuerat ubivis gentium aetatem agere, 
quam — ; Ter. The weather unll not 
suffer them to go any farther; tem- 
pestasprodire longius nonpatiturj Var. 
If they had any mind — ; si in animo 
esset; Liv. He that is any thing 
slack in revenging; qui in ulciscendo 
remissior fuerit ; Cic. While there 
was any treating of peace ; quoad de 



pace ageretui j Cic, In any thing ra- 
ther than this; ^uhivh facilius, quam iu 
hac re ; Ter. If you provoke me any 
more ; praeter ha;c si me irritaris ; 
Plaut. IVie most of any ; maxime om- 
nium ; Cic. Those legions were con- 
tent with any 'prince; eae legiones con- 
tents qualicunque principe; Tac. / 
know he would do any thing you would 
have him; facturum quae voles scio 
esse omnia; Ter. Nor is there any 
where room for counsel; nee est us- 
quam consilio locus ; Cic. Whether 
there be any law written any where, 
or no where ; sive est ulla lex scripta 
uspiam sive nusquam ; Cic. Xf he of- 
fend in any thing ; si quid peccat ; 
Ter. / understand not any one word ; 
verbum prorsus nullum intelligo ; Cic. 
There was never any doubt at all made 
of U; de eo nunquam oranino est dubi- 
tatum; Cic. He does not yield to any in 
bravery; nemini cedit splendore ; Cic. 
Think you there will be any the fewer 
statutes made — ; an minus multa sena- 
tus-consulta futura putas, si — ; Cic. / 
do not believe I shall have any where 
any settled abode ; commoraturum me 
nusquam arbitror ; Cic. Nor was any 
but one present; neque extra unum 
quisquara aderat ; Ter. She is said to 
have respect to this above any country ; 
fertur terris magis omnibus banc co- 
luisse ; Virg. He looks not after any 
thing to find fault with ; non inquirit, 
quod reprehendat J Cic. I cannot find 
a penny of money any where; nuni- 
mum nusquam reperire argenti queo ; 

At Any time ; any day ; quovis die ; 
Tef. Were you any where else? tu 
si alicubi esses? Is any man alive 
more fortunate tluin I? ecquis me 
vivit hodie fortunatior ? Ter. If any 
one ask for me ; si quis me qugerat. 
Any thing pleases me; mihi quidvis 
sat est. He took as much pains as any 
of you; aeque ac unusquisque vestrum 
laboravit. No less than any one of 
you; non minus quam quivis viestrum ; 
Plant. Is there any thing else yet; 
etiamne est quid porro ; Plaut. 

Any, with if; siquis. Any where ; 
ubivis, ubilibet. Any how; quocun- 
que modo, quoquo modo. At any 
time; unquam, quandocunque. //any 
where; siquo. IfHnylww; siqua. ^f 
any where; sicubi. If at anytime; 


APACE, or in haste, with speed; 
cito,celeriter,propere, festinanter, prae- 
properanter, curriculo. To write apace ; 
currente calamo literas exarare. He 
runs apace ; currit gradu incitato. He 
speaks apace; praecipitat sermoneni. 
He reads apace ; cursim legit. The 
ship or nary sails apace ; navis, clas- 
sis, cito fertur gurgite. It rains, snows, 
apace ; vehementer pluit, ningit. 

APART ; i. e. asunder or aside ; 
seorsim, se aratim, sigillatim, segre- 

To stand Apart ; distare, distitare y 

Apart from or separate; separa- 
tus, sejunctus; secretus, segregatus. 
To lay apart ; amovere, abjicere, seor- 
sim reponere. 

Apart ; i. e. privily ; secreto, clam, 

APPAREL ; vestis-is ; vestitua, 
us ; veslimentum ; amictus, cultus, ha- 
bitus ; apparatus-US ; m. &c. A suit 
of apparel ; indumentum ; synthesis ; 

To put off Apparel ; vestes, amic- 
tum, &c. ponere, deponere, exuere, 
cinctas resolvere, rejicere ex humeris. 
Mollia de tenero velamina corpore po- 

To he Apparelled splendidly ; ni- 
nn'o cultui, ornatui corporis, vestitui in- 
dulgere. Vestes mtidissimas,illitas auro 
atque purpura induere, indui. Purpura, 
vestibus pretiosis, fulgere, nitere, splen- 
dere. Vestibus sumptuosis, inauratis, 
elegantissimis, splendidis ornari, arai- 
ciri. — Aurata corpora veste tegi. Ty- 
rio saturatas, ardentes murice, ostro 
profusas, praetextas vestes indui, ge- 

Cleanly Apparelled ; vili veste in- 
dutus ; adeo sordidus, ut non unquam 
servo se melius vestiret. Foedius ves- 
titus. Vili veste tegi. Plebeia in 
veste cubare. 

In mourning Apparel ; pullatus ; 
pullo vestitu indutus. Mourning ap- 
parel ; lugubris habitus. Apparelled 
in purple; purpuratus, purpurea vebte 
indutus. Handsomely apparelled ; r.ul- 
f us, comptus ; politus ; elcgans ; ter- 
sus. Apparelled unhandsomely; in- 
cultus, incomptus, impolitus ; sordida- 
tus ; inelegans ; panuosus. Players* 
apparel 3 siparium, scenicum, chora- 

His or her Apparel was loo long. 


even to the feet; vestis defluxit ad inios 
pedes. To make curioiis apparel j arte 
laborare vestes, ostruque superbo. His 
or her apparel was too sumptuous; ves- 
tis insignis erat auroque rigens ; picta 
croco, et fulgenti murice vestis, — illius 
erat. Ilium vestis serica tegit. Loose, 
large, or wide apparel j vestimenta 

Apparelled like a Spaniard; ha- 
bitu, ornatuHijpaniensi ; Hispanorum, 
liispaniensi more indutus ; speciem ho- 
minuui Hispanorum referens, prse se fe- 
rcns ; vestitus, ut in Hispania soiet, ut 
Hispania mos, et consuetudo fert. 

How well does a loose Apparel be- 
come Iter ! quam decet nulla adstricta 
cingulo, vestis, ac liberis diffluens laci- 
»iis ! 

Every thing in /ter Apparel became 
her well; nihil illam, in orn^tu, iion 
dccebat. You see the apparel, or fa- 
shion of clothiii^ in older times, which 
she wears ; vides prisci scculireliquias ^ 
iliib enim ilia utitur. 

Hvi Apparel was girded about 
with a golden belt, richly embellished ; 
vestes erant circumcinctae balthco iuau- 
rato, ac geraraeis distincto builulis. ]f 
he can but get good apparel ; si splen- 
dide vestiatur, si incedat annulatus. 
Let me have for my a})parel, coarse 
liomespun cloth, to keep me from the 
cold ; sit mihi — toga quce defeudere 
fiigus, quamvis crassa, queat. 

Apparelled in a threadbare cloak ; 
veslitus depexo mendici pallio. He 
vms apparelled in a long garment, 
down to the very heels ; talarem vestem 
gerebat, ad talos usque dcniissam. 

Apvauei., or clotheSfbespangled with 
gold ; vestes aureis intertinctag guttu- 

Apparelled after the Venetian, 
cfc. fashion ; ornatus cultu Veneto, 
Gallico, ivomano, Hispanico, &c. 

A virtuous iconuin does not put off 
her ipodesty^ when she puts off her 
Apparel; cum veste, raulier honesta 
pudorem et modestiara suam nequa- 
quam exuit. Abroad it is seemly to be 
apparelled with decent clothing, but at 
home with what is necessary ; vestiri 
decet in foro honeste, domi quod satis 
sit. The usual diet and apparel bespeak 
the manner and way of life orUcing; 
cultus et virtus familiaris vitam indi- 
cant. It is 7iot apparel, but modesty 
and chastity which argue a true and 



virtuous matron ; non vestis, sed pudi- 
citia, verum est matronee argumentum. 

APPARENT ; evidens, manifestus, 
conspicuus, liquidus: as, Apparent to- 
kens of wickedness; expressa sceleris 
vestigia. An apparent crime ; crimen 

It is Apparent ; patet ; vel, liquet, 

To make Apparent, and evident ; 
manifestare, in apricum proferre, pate- 
faceie ; oninem obscuritatem tollere ; 
tenebras discutere ; nullum dubitandi 
locum relinquere. 

Apparently ; liquido, manifeste, 
manifesto, perspicue. Apparentness, 
cleamess, or evidence; perspicuitas, 
raanitesta evidentia. It is most appa- 
rent, or manifest ; facile apparet; ab 
omnibus videtur; sole clarius evasit ; 
ante omnium oculos positum est, et 
apertum, nemini obscurura est, sed in 
cojifesso apud omnes. 

To APPEAL, as, to a higher court ; 
appellare, provocare ad; tribunos, po- 
pulum, regem appellare. A praetore 
ad tribunos appellare, provocare, cau- 
sain referre, A populo, tribunis, rege, 
iniquo judicio oppressis auxilium pe- 
tere. Ad moderandam, mitigandani, 
teinperandam suiumi juris acerbiiatem, 
rigorem, summi judicis auctoritalem, 
ffiquitatem, lenitatem implorare. Ad te 
confugio, et supplex tua numina posco. 

Letters of Appeal ; libelli appella- 

/ Appeal to you, viz. for help or 
relief; te appello' et imploro ; tuutft 
presidium invoco ; tuam tutelam ex- 
posco. For, I have none, whom I can . 
appeal or fiy to, but yourself; quern 
enim appeliem, praeter te, habeo nemi- 
nem. For I can neither appeal to 
Casar, nor to the senate ; neque ete- 
nim ad CaBsarem compellare, neque ad 
senattim causam referre, possum. I 
appeal to you as judges ; vos appello 
judices. To appeal to any as witness, 
or to call any to witness ; appellare 
testem allquem. (For the verb is 
const, cum ace. persons, et abiat, cum 
praep. as. To appeal to any one about 
any thing; appellare aliquem de re 
aliqua ; Plant.) When the one had 
appealed to the tribunes, and the other 
to the senate ; cum alter ad tribunos, 
alter ad senatum provocasset; Cic. 
Appealing, or an appeal, to superiors, 
ought to be free to all; ad superiore* 



appcllatio omnibus libera est relin- 
quenda. Appellare, namque, et men- 
dicare cuilibetest liberuni. 

To APPEAR; apparere, compa- 
rere ; palere; illucere, elucere, illiices- 
cere, efFulgere ; evadere. To appear 
to one; exhibere se alicui ; adcsse, 
praesto esse alicui ; coniparere, exis- 
tere, extare. 

He or it no where Appears; nus- 
quani apparet ; Ter. This thing ap- 
pears to me ; l\iijus rei vestigia video ; 
lisec res mihi sicvidetur. He appeared 
to me ; in conspectum se niihi dedit, 
/, whom you seek, appear before you; 
coram, quern quajritis, adsum. " This 
appears to me; lioc est oculismeis ob- 
vjum. Hoivever he will have himself 
appear affected; utcunque se aiFectum 
videri volet; Cic. As far as can ap- 
pear by what is written ; sed quod li- 
teris extet; Cic. / will make it ap- 
pear to be true ; id verum esse ostend- 
ani. Whereupon it easily appears ; ex 
quo facile apparet ; Cic It appears 
hythiSfthat — ; illud judicium est, quod 
— . It does not well appear; id mi- 
nus apparet; Cic. To appear openly ; 
in medium, in publicum conspectuu), 
aspectum, in publicam frequentiam; in 
orbis theatrum prod ire, ex ire, se con- 
ferre. In medio esse. Inlucc, in ocu- 
lis hominum omnium frequens Versari. 
E latebris, e tenebris erumpere, palam- 
que volitare. Extare, et in omnium 
conspectu esse. To appear ; oriri, 
exoriri, surgere, emergere, exurgere. 
To appear above ground; extare. To 
appear above water ; emergere, extare 
ex aqua. To appear on high; eminere. 
To appear in court ; sistere se. To 
appear f 01' another ; vadimonium ol;ire. 
It does plainly or somewhat appear ; 
comparct vestigium; vestigia extant; 
paret, pro, apparet; Cic. objici ; Cic. 
spectari ; Plant. So many lakes or 
standing pools, so many fields, S^x. ap- 
,pear; occurrunt oculis tot paliides, tot 
campi, &c. ; Colum. A great many 
rich ornaments iverc seen, qfivliich but 
a few, or small number, now appear ; 
niulta visebantur ornamenta, quorum 
nunc pars tantum exigua comparet; 

To Appkar so, does not prove a 
thing really to be so; apparere non fa- 
eitesse: barba non facit philosophum; 
cuculhis non" facit monachum ; non 
©nines sancti, qui calcant iiuiina tern- 


pli ; barba tenus vir, vel philosopbas }■ 
formosus sine pulcluitudine ; plnma* 
video, aves non video. Virtue, wit, 
Sfc. appears ; virtus, &c. elucet, eni- 
tet. It appears ; patet, videtur, liqui- 
do constat. To make it appear; ar- 
guere, manifestare. Or, to make ap- 
parent ; indicare, revelare, apcrire, de- 
monstrare. To mgilce one's fault ap- 
pear ; or to convince him of his fault ; 
arguere aliqueui culpaj. 

I will Appear, or be at home, by 
and by; mox apparebo domi ; Plant. 

To Appear, or to be seen in any 
place ; apparere in aliquo loco ; Cic. 
They cannot tell what is become of the 
cup or plate, or they cannot make it 
appear; non apparet p»Tera; Plant. 
The thing appears evident ; res appa- 
ret; Ter. It appears to me ; niibi ap- 
paret. TF/if'Hce 7^ appears; unde, veJ 
ex quo, apparet. This man appears to 
be a poor gnitleman's aerrant ; appa- 
rcj, hunc esse paupeiis doniini servum ; 
Ter. Let the work appear; fac opus 
appareat ; Ter. He does not appear, 
or is not like, the man he teas; nulla; 
in eo apparent reliquiae frontis pristi- 
naj. There appears no sign of that 
thing in him; liujus rei nulla in eo 
apparent vestigia ; Ter. To be made 
appear before a judge ; in judicium 
sisti. To appear through any thing, 
as glass. Sfc. ; transparere. 

An Appearaxck; species, verisimi- 
litudo. A very good navy in appear- 
ance ; prseclara classis in speciem ; 
sed — ; Cic. Anappearsiuce of truth; 
probabilitas, verisimilitudo. It has an 
appearance of truth; verisiniiie appa- 
ret. Under the appearance of an em- 
bassy, he was sent away ; per spe- 
ciem legationis, ablegatus est. Under 
the appearance of aid, help,— or of a 
leagtie, S^c. ; sub specie auxilii, — vel sub 
umbra fadcris, &c. ; I'lor. Liv. 

N'ot to Appear at the trial; non 
venire ad constitutum ; Cic. 

To APPEASE ; mitigare, le^ire ; 
placare, sedare,demulcere, pacare, tran- 
quillum facerc, placabilem reddere. 

To Appease, or pacify anger ; iram 
compescerc, minuere, imminuere, coni- 
primerc, rcstinguere, extinguere, com- 
ponere, frangere, reprimere. 

To Appease, or pacify one's own 
anger ; iram suam remittere, relaxare, 
Icmperare, ponere, inhibere. 

To Appease one's iciath, or to pa- 


C{fy AH angry person; ira furentem 
nmllire j iracuiiduiii pacificare, sedarc, 
rcsedare^ jjlacare, cumplacarc, mitifi- 
care ; quietuin reddere ; iratum lenire, 
deleuire, luulceie, co.umulcere, demul- 
cere, permulccre. 

To Appease by sacrifice; propiti- 
are, expiare, litarc, litari, coliitare. 

To Appease strife; litem compo- 

To be Appeased ; quiescere ; coin- 
peici ; deleiiiri ; defervere, vel defcr- 
bere, ; pacari, placari, iiii- 
tescere. Irani, oiFensaiu ponere, de- 
ponere, remittere. 

The remambrHnce of their country 
did instantly Appease all their anger ; 
e\teiuplo iras omnibus meiuoria patriaj 

To Appease, or quiet complaints, 
uhirs.; consopire querelas ; componere 
Leilorum undas. Before his anger 
VMS appeased; priusquam Irani de- 
coxerat suani. Pray be appeased, or 
pacified ; reprime islam tuam iracundi- 
am. But we are tossed by the leaves, 
nor have ye, that I know, appeased 
JEolus by sacrifice ; sed iios jactamur, 
iiec ^olo etiam vos, ut video, litastis. 

To APPERTAIN, or belong to; 
pertinere, attineie ; spectare, respicere, 
coinpetere. Appertaining; pertinens, 
specians, attiuens. Sec. It appertains 
to ; refert, interest : as. It appertains 
to thee or him ; it belongs to thy or his 
interest., S^'C. ; tua refert, ipsius inter- 
est ; spectat, attinet, pertinet : im- 
pers. It appertains or belongs to me ; 
ad me pertinet. 

An APPETITE; appetitus,-us, m, ; 
appetitio, appetentia. 

An Appetite, or earnesy desire, 
after any thing ; desideriura sunimum ; 
Jncensa cupiditas; ardor, seu expetiiio 

An Appetite ; i. e. a desire to eat 
or drink ; esuritio, sitis. 

An insatiable or greedy Appetite ; 
gula,-je ; >ngluvies,-ei, f. Full of ap- 
petite ; avidus, gulosus. . 

.4 g-oorf Appetite to eat; peredia, 
as, f. ; stomachus,-i, m. 

To get an Appetite ; obsonare fa- 
meia ; acuere stomachum. 

To have an Appetite ; esurire, val- 
tle appetere. 

To APPLAUD ; applaudere, plau* 
dere, plausum dare, plausu approbare. 

Apclavse; applausus, piau8us,-us, 



m.; acclamatio; plausu approbatio. 
A pplauded ; plausus, applausus-a-um ; 
plausu approbatus. 

They Applaud, or give applause ; 
piauditur, iiupers. ; plausus datur, plau- 
su approbatur. 

There teas great Applause; ingenti 
sonuerunt omnia plausu. 

To Applaud, praise, or commend 
any one ; applaudiere alicui. 

To give an open signification of A.v- 
PLACSE, or approbation ; plausu magnb « 
et clamore approbare. Aperto gestu 
suam approbationem, maximo strepitu 
et clamore suam voluntatem significare. 
Plausus maximos et signa benevolentiae 
impertire, dare, edere. Maxima accla- 
matione, secundis admurmurationibus, 
faustis acclamationibus prosequi. To 
gain applause, credit, or commendation; 
applausuminvenire; gloriam consequi ; 
multos virtutis suae praecones habere ; 
auctpritatem, seu reverentiam conciliare. 

A inan who seeks popular ApvhAvsJi ; 
aurae popularis homo ; Liv. 

To APPLY, in general ; applicare, 
accommodare, adjungere, adhibere. 

To Apply, or bend to ; applicare ; 
incliiiare ; tribuere ; attribuere, con- 
ferre, adjungere ; submittere, cum ac- 
cus. pers. et dat. lei ; studere, operam 
navare, incumbere, indulgere ;' invigi- 
lare, insudare, inservire, insistere ; va- 
care, iustare, obsequi, cum dat. rei ; 
{iccurrere ; cum accus. rei , dedere se ; 

To Apply the mind; appellere, ad- 
jungere, intendere' animum ; deditus, 
intentus, mancipatus esse. 

To Ai'PLY or mind a business ; ac- 
curare, cum accus. incumbere ; operam 
navare, insudare, studere ; cum dat. 

To Apply to one by ivay of address 
and entreaty ; adire, accedere, insinu- 
are se, ad aliquem ; orare, exorare. 

To Apply to ; aptare,, ap- 
plicare, accommodare, concinnare, ad- > 

To Apply to his task; pensum ac- 

To Apply his mind to philosophy ; 
mentem ad philosophiam appellere. 

He A p PLi Es /lis whole mind to praise ; 
incumbit toto pectore'ad laudem. He 
applied his mind to toriting ; animum 
ad scribendum appulit ; Ter. He ap»- 
plies to his book; studiis se totura dat, 
vel dedit. 

He Applies himself to study music; 



appllcat se ad studium musicum. To 
apply, or set up, ladders to the walls ; 
applicare scalas muris, vel ad muros ; 

All my endeavors icere Applied 
to that end; eo excubuerunt, potissi- 
mumque referuntur, omues cogitatio- 
nes meseT'omnes curie, omne studium. 
Thither ivas the whole course of our 
industry applied ; isthuc omne curricu- 
lum industriae nostraB, elaboraUuu est ; 
Cic. They resolved to apply them- 
selves loholly to that affair ; accuratius 
huic rei studere, atque inservire, insti- 
tuerunt ; Caes. To apply to any busi- 
ness; aliquid temporis reiaiicuiimper- 

To ApptY the mind to wisdom; sa- 
pientiaj invigilare. It is most nnliappy 
to apply one's younger years to intem- 
perance ; pueritiara, aut adolescentiam, 
intemperantise addicere, pessimum est. 
To apply one^s endeavors to any thiiig ; 
aSf Rei nauticas, pecuniariae, railitari, 
studere, operara dare, navare ; reipub- 
licae studium navare ; patriae usui esse ; 
toto animo se dedere alicui rei ; agris 
colendis se tradere ; diligentiam adlii- 
bere, oranem curam ponere, in aliqua 
re ; accuratissinie aliquid persequi ; in 
agendo industriam,et in conficiendo ce- 
leritatem, ad hi be re. 

I am now Applying myself to that 
business ; id nunc operam do ; &c. 
Ter. They applied, or used, all means 
to disturb him; quem ut extiirbarent, 
onineni movere lapidem. To apply 
one's ichole strength, wit, diligence, 8fc, 
to any business ; omnes nervos, aHatis 
induslriaeque suae, in re aliqua conten- 
dere J vires omnes in aliqua re ex«rcere ; 
suas omnes curas, vigilias, et cogitatio- 
nes defigere, configere ; Cic. Nihil 
intentatuin relinquere ; aninii atque iu- 
genii vires omnes profunderc, in re 
aliqua ; Cic. Omnem conalum, in ali- 
quod studium couferre ; Cic. In prse- 
diis colendis, &c. opera plurimum, 
studiique consumere ; in aliquaiu rem 
omnes curas, aciem mentis, animum, 
&c. conferre, defigere, intenderc, omni 
cogitatione incumbere ; Cic. 

They neglect the purity of language, 
to which they should chiejiy Apply 
themselves ; linguae puritatcm, in quam 
primum, toto pectore, incumbere debe- 
ant, negligunt. He applied himself 
wholly to justice and equity ; omni im- 
pettt in justitis studium incumbere. 


And 80 ; insistcrc mente et aniino ia 
rem aliquant ', inclinare animum ad reni 
aliquam ; studium ad ali(juod adhibe re ^ 
ad aliquod opus, &c. se accingere ; ad 
amicitiam alterius se aggregare ; ad 
eloquentije studia se cortferre j &c. Cic. 

They eagerly Applied themselves to 
recover ilietr liberty; ardeiiies et erecti 
stabant, ad libertatem recuperandain. 

Apply your wit,^c. — variously ex- 
pressed : as thus, omni industria con- 
tende, omni studio labora, incumbe 
toto pectore, confer hue tuas omnes 
vires, tua studia, curam, industriam j 
enitere quantum in te est, quantun) in 
te situm est, quantum potes, quam po- 
tes maxime, cunctis viribus ac nervis ; 
hoc age diligenter, da operam quam 
potes diligenter ; summani adhibe dili- ' 
gentiaui, studio contonde quam licet 
maximo, quantum potes maximo, sum- 
mo prorsus ; hoc unum cures, labores, 
studeas imprimis, pneter caeteras res, 
pntcipue, potissimum, ante omnia. 

To APPOINT; staluere, instituere, 
constituere, prasstituere ; jubere, prae- 
scribere, injungere. 

To Appoint bylaw; praescribere. 

To Appoint upon agreement ; con- 
stituere, condicere. 

To Appoint one to do a thing; ju- 
bere, in mandatis dare. 

To Appoint a person for a place; 
legare, delegare, nou:inare. 

To Appoint in place of another; 
substituere, sufficere, sublegare. 

To Appoint, or make an appoint- 
ment of, a thing ; assignare, destinare, 

To Appoint before what shall be 
doMe;^raEstituere, pMescribere, prajfi- 

To Appoint, or assign, bounds ; 
terminare, limitare, terminos et limites 

To Appoint one what to do ; alicui, 
quas sunt gerenda, prajscribere ; Cic. 

7 Appointed to meet her to-day; 
constitui me hodie conventurum illam ; 
Ter. The wedding was long ago ap- 
pointed to be on this day ; diem oiim 
in hunc sunt nuptias constitutJB ; Ter. 
To appoint where temples are to be 
built; effari templa, sisterc fana. To 
appoint a tutor for his children ; liberis 
tutorem ascribere. 

Appoint what judge you will ; ce- 
de quemvis arbitrum. To appoint 


fcages ; statuere mefcedem ; Cic. To 
appoint a da// ; staluere diem. 

The senate has Appointed; senatus 
statuit ; Cic. To appoint or make 
one his watchman ; constituere aliquein 
vigilem. To appoint pay for the sol- 
diers ; constituere stipendiuin niiliti, 
▼el, ffira militanfibus ; Liv. To ap- 
fwint or assign one a day ; constituere 
diem alicui. To appoint time and 
place; locuai et tempus constituere 3 
Cic. To appoint a safeguard of de- 
fence in any thing; prsesidium defen- 
sionis in aliqua re constituere. To 
appoint a day of appearance ; constitu- 
ere vadimoniuin ; Cic. To appoint a 
time for any thing ; tempus alicui rei 
constituere ; Cws. To appoint, or 
establish^ a king ; regem constituere. 
/ have appointed, or determined, to 
come ; constitutura est raihi, vel con- 
stitui, veriire, me ventunim, ut veniam, 
6cc. ; Cic. Plaut. A day appointed, 
and agreed upon; constiluta et pacta 
dies. To appoint process of judgment 
against one, in a matter of life and 
death ; constituere judicium capitis in 
aljquem ; Cic. 

Appointf.d, or ordained ; statutus, 
constiiutus, prsistitutus, ordinatus, de- 
cretus ; certus, ediclus, condictus, sta- 
tus, pactus, drpactus. 

Appointed, or assigned; legatus, 
delegatus, destinatus, dtsignatus, de- 
notatus. Appointed, or condemned to 
a thing; auctoratus-a-um. 

Well Appointed; probe instruc- 

An Appointment ; assignatio, de- 
signatio, delegatio, destinatio, nomina- 
tio, praefinitio; mandatumj praescrip- 

By Appointment; constituto ; ex 
praescripto. An hour appointed ; hora 
pra&stituta. By your appointment; 
jussu tuo. Without my appointment ; 
injussu nieo. So it is appointed, or 
determined ; sip stat sententia. 

That is 7iot of our Appointment ; 
non est id instituti nostri. 

To APPREHEND, or lay hold on; 
apprehendere, prehendere, prehensare, 
apprehensare, deprehendere, compre- 
hendere, capere. *■ 

An Apprehension, or laying hold 
upon ; apprehensio, prehensio, &c. 

To Apprehend unaivares, or by 
tlie way ; intercipere. 



Apprbhended by the way; inter- 

To Apprehend ; i. e. to understand ; 
percipere, tenere. 

An Apprehension, or perceiving, 
understanding; apprehensio; captus,- 
us,ra. ; conceptio,perceptio,inteUectio. 

An Apprehension ; i. e, jealousy 
or fear; suspicio, metus. 

Apprehended ; prehensus, appre- 
hensus, prehensatus, apprehensatus, 
deprehensus ; captus, perceptus, com- 

To APPROACH; appropinquare, 
accedere ; iraminere ; propinquare, 
proximare ; approperare ; advenire, 
adventare, accelerare ; appetere, ad- 
repcre, obrepere ; admovere ; ingruere, 
impendere ; adesse, instare ; prope 
adesse. Prope, non procul, non longe, 
abesse. Propius accedere, advenire, 
appellere. In propinquo, in foribus, 
in limine esse, adesse. The night ap- 
proaches ; nox appetit. Judgment 
approaches ; judicium, poena, imminet, 
impendel. The day was approaching; 
dies adventabat. Death is approach- 
ing ; mors instat, imminet, impendet. 
As, or so, S0071 as we or they ap- 
proached nearer ; ut propius ven- 
tum est. That approaches nearer 
the truth; id propius fidem est. The 
icinter approached ; hyems praecipita- 
bat. Lucius Philippus approached, or 
came next (but at a gr^at distance), to 
the two great men Crassus and Anto-< 
ni'is ; duobus summis, Crasso et Anto- 
nio, L. Philippus proximus accedebat, 
sed longo intervallo tamen proximus ; 
Cic. That which is the best, or chiefly 
good, is to be accounted to approach, 
or come nearest to, God ; id habendum 
est Deo proximum, quod est optimum ; 
Cic. / dreamed that a shepherd ap- 
proached or came near me ; visus est, 
in somnis, pastor ad me appellere ; 
Cic. The winter approaches ; hyenw 
subest, adventat ; Sal. 

To Approach, or come very near; 
i. e. to be hard by, at hand ; in limine, 
vel in foribus esse ; fores pulsare ; in 
cardine versari. 

To APPROPRIATE ; appropriare ; 
sibi assumere, arrogare ; pro suo, pro 
suo jure, tanquam suum jus, ut suum 
peculium assumere ; arripere, habere r 
sibi vendicare, arrogare, asserere. In 
suis rebus, bonis numerare, Swis fa- 




cultatibus adjungere, adjicere, appli- 
care, apponere, annectere, ascribere. 

To APPROVE ; approbare, com- 
probare, probare. 

All men Approve or like it ; om- 
nium calculis, sufFragiis probatttr, com- 
probatiir. Omnibus approbantibus fac- 
tum est. Probant laudantque omnes. 
Nemo est, nullus omnium est qui repre- 
hendat, qui non probet, qui non optime 
factum fateatur, prasdicet ; cui non 
satisfeceris abunde ; qui non laude 
plausuque accipiat. 

Approved ; approbatus, coraproba- 
tus, probatus ; spectatus ; luculentus ; 
classicus : as, An approved or allowed 
author ; auctor idoneus, classicus.' 

Approved of all men; approbatum 
ab omnibus ; omnibus approbantibus 
hoc facies ; nemini non satisfeceris ; 
hoc tuum factum nemo rcprehendet, 
nemo non probabit, nemo erit qui non 
probet; hoc tuo facto lajtabuntur omnes. 

I Approve your reason; I am of 
your mind, it is very well; pulchre 
dicis; tuam rationem probo ; bene ha- 
bet. / approve the condition ; let it 
be a match then; placet lex, et rata 
esto. / do not approve of thai; it 
likes me not ; hoc mihi non arridet. 
/ approve what you say; you speak 
like a wise man, — home, — to the pur- 
pose ; placet consilium ; graviter, acu- 
te, vereque judicas. He also ap- 
proves of it ; album is etiam addidit 
calculum. You shnll have my appro- 
bation ; for you offer fair and honest- 
ly; / like the terms; suffragium tu 
meum demerebere ; baud enim iniquas 
conditiones et leges praescribis. 

APT ; aptus, congruus, idoneus ; 
appositus, commodus ; sufficicns, con- 
gruens, conveniens ; consentaneus, ac- 
coiumodus, accommodatus ; respon- 
dens ; non inconveniens ; concors ; ha- 
bilis : as, An apt or fit place to do any 
thing; aptus, appositus, &c. locus 
agcndi quid. He is as apt and fit 
for that as if lie were born to it ; ad 
id adeo aptus est, quasi ad iliud ipsum 
natus esset. Apt to learn; docilis. 
Apt to take or conceive ; capax. Apt, 
orforwardly inclined ; propensus, pro- 

Aptness, fitness, or meetness ; ap- 
titudo, dexteritas. Aptness, or fit in- 
clinatum to good or evil ; indoles ; pro- 
pensio. Aptness to Uarn ; docilitas j 


ingeniositas. Aptness to receive or 
conceive ; capacitas.. Apti^ ; apte, 
congrue, commode, &c. 

To be Apt to sleep ; facile in som- 
nos delabi. 

To be Apt to fall; propendere ; in 
ruinam vergere. It is apt so to be 
done, or to do so ; ita fieri, assolct, in 
more positum est. 

To ARBITRATE ; arbitra-re vH ri ; 
Plaut. Decidere, dijudicare, senten- 
tiam fene. 

An Arbitration ; arbitrium, n. 
arbitratus,-iis, m. ; disceptatio, dijudi- 
catio, compromissio. 

To put to Arbitration; compro- 

Arbitrary, or that which is put to 
one's own deten^mination ; arbitrarius ; 
pro libitu. Arbitrarily ; arbitrarie, ex 
vel pro arbitrio, pro libitu aut volun- 

To Arbitrate or determine the 
question, controversy, or any thing 
with any one, or about and concerning 
any thing; decidere questioneuj, con- 
troversiam, aliquid cum aliquo ; vel 
aliquid de re aliqua. 

To Arbitrate or judge between 
truth and falsehood, or to discern true 
things from false ; dijudicare vera a 
falsis, seu inter vera et falsa. 

He that shorild be Arbiter or judge 
in the matter, is in a great passion ; 
arbiter, seu judex, in hac re sestu fer- 
tur. - 

That which is not yet Arbitrated 
or determined; quod alicuj us arbitrio 
relictura est. 

^ARDENT ; ardens, vehemens, fer- 

Ardknthy ; vehementer, ardenter, 
fervide ; &c. Ardor ; ardor,-oris, in. ; 
jestus,-us, ra. 

Ardent, i. e. angry, or earnest, 
letters; ardentes literae^ Cic. 

To be Ardent ; i. e. earnestly and 
greatly affected with ; ardere. 

To be Ardently, or greqtly, in- 
fiamed with anger ; ardere furore, ira- 
cundia, &c. Ardently, or greatly, to 
affect one ; ardere aliquem ; Virg. 

Ardently, or earnestly, to love each 
other ; ex aequo ardere ;'Ovid. 

All have an Ardent eourage ; ardor 
omnes habet ; Virg. 

His mind, or heart, is Ardent to 
be revenged ; ardet ejus animus ad ul- 


eisccnduin. To be ardently, i. e. ear- 
nestly, affected^ or iiiflained, with the 
love of any thing ; ardcre aniore, vel 
dcsiderio, alicujus rei. To be ardently, 
or earnrstly, affected with envy^ or 
lore of learning, or resolution of war, 
Sfc. ; ardere invidia, aniore Jiterarum, 
studio belli, &c. / ardently desire to 
see you ; ardeo te videre. When all 
places, or persons, were ardently, er 
vehemently J raging in war; quum 
cuncta, vel cuncti, arderentbello j Liv. 

ARDUOUS ; i. e. high, ftard, ordif- 
fictilt ; arduus-a-um : as. Arduous, or 
iiard and high, to ascend or go up; ar- 
duus ascensus ; Cic. An arduous ac- 
cess, or difficult passage, to get unto ; 
arduus aditus j Liv. ' 

Apduous; i. e. high^ great, and 
difficult, matters or affairs ; ardua ne- 
gotia; res ardune, et difficiles ; Cic. 

ARE ; as, They are, ye are, we are, 
S^'c. ; sunt, estis, sumus, ficc. — which 
English word is variously rendered in 
Latin ; and mostly either by the verb 
substantive, sum ; or included in the 
signification of other verbs: as. They 
are brought very low ; ad egestatis ter- 
uiinos redacti sunt; Plaut. You are 
far away ; tu abes longe gentium ; 
Cic. Thpy are less than they are said 
to be ; infra famam sunt ; Quint. You 
are never likely to see me any more.; 
hodie me postremum vidcs ; Ter. They 
are nearer Brundusium than you ; a 
Brundusio propius- absunt quam tu ; 
Cic. You are not trusted on either 
side ; neque in hac, neque in ilia parte 
fidera habes ; Sal. You are afraid it 
should not last ; ne non diutumum sit 
futurum times ; Cic. They are fain 
to live all upon honey ; melle coguntur 
solo vivere ; Var. Mind what you are 
about ; hoc agite amabn ; Ter. They 
are at odds ; inter se dissident ; Cic. 
They are beside the business; a re dis- 
cedunt ; Cic. Accounts are even be- 
tween us ; bene igitur ratio accepti et 
expeusi inter nos convenit j Plaut. We 
are likely to liave war ; impendet no- 
bis belli liraor ; Cic. We are set upon 
the soft grass ; in molU consedimus 
berba j Virg. They are as very fools ; 
pari stultitia sunt ; Cic. They are a 
year tn combing themselves ; dura co- 
muntur, annus est ; Ter. You are plot- 
ting mischief; pestem machinaris ; Cic. 
They are discouraged from learning ; 
a discendo deterrentur ; Cic You 



are come too soon ; nimiura advenisti 
cito ; Plaut. As rich as you are he ^ 
cares not a pin for you ; non enim pili 
facit te quamlfbet divitem. Now you 
are taken, redeem yourself for as little 
as you can ; te redimas captam quam 
queas inininio ; Ter. Are you afraid 
to do it at )ny bidding? imm dubita^ 
id meimperante facere ? Cic. Cat. They 
are excellent in that kind; ineogencre 
excellunt ; Cic. They are for that 
kind of study ; sunt ab ea disciplina ; 

To ARGUE; arguere, disceptare, 
disputare, &c. 

TVj Argue, or dispute, by reason, or 
philosophically; philosophice, dialec- 
tice, dialecticorum more disputare, ar- 
guere, disceptare ; disserere in utram- 
que partem, ad investigandam, excu- 
tiendam rei ciijusque veritatem, Ar- 
gumentis, rationibus, ingeniorum teiis 
pugnare, certare, decertare, confligere, 
concertare, contendere, quo eliciatur -• 
Veritas; ut constet quid in quaque re 
sit verum, vero siraillimum, rationi max- 
ime consentaneura. Disputando, ratio- 
cinando, argumentando, veritatera cu- 
jusque rei examinare, discutere, eruere. 
Ingeniorum conflictibus excutere verum. 
Contra alterius opinioncm, in contra- 
rias partes disserere. Controversias 
disceptare. Philosophice agitando in 
utramque partem, controversas res cer- 
tas reddere. Argumentorum pugna re- 
bus obscuris lucera, dubiis atque am- 
biguis certitudinem dare, afferre. 

An Argument, or reason for any 
thing; argumeutura, n. ; ratio, ratioci- 

An Argument, or subject of a dis- 
course or treatise, ^c, Thema, lemma, 
-atis, n. 

An Argument, or contents of a dis- 
course ; periocha ; hypothesis, f. Gr. 

A subtle Argument ; sophisma, 
-atis, n. ; stropha,-aB, f. Gr. ; fallacia. 

A strong, or firm, Argument ; ar- 
gumentum demonstrativura ; demon- 

- A poor, or weak, Argument ; ratio 

An Argument tJiat convinces every 
way ; dilemmaj-atis, n. 

The first part of an Argument ; an- 
tecedens. The latter part of -an argu- 
ment; consequens. 

Full of Arguments ; argumento- 



To hold or maintain an Aroumknt 
with one ; disputare adversiis aliqueni. 

To take an Argument ; argiimen- 
tum elicere, coliigere, trahere, capere, 
venari ; institutiim capere ; Cic. 

They can never ansicer this Argu- 
ment J potentissima est hsec et invicta 

I will prove that by strong Argu- 
ments, or reaso7is ; Achilleis id evin- 
caui rationibus. This opinion is not 
supported by strong SLTgmnenis ; paruin 
Yalido tibicine fulta est liaec opinio. 
Those are very poor arguments which 
he brings; raliunculae tantumsuntistas, 
quas ille profert. That is a thread- 
bare argument or theme; and an ordi- 
nary or common subject ; argumentiim 
id est vilissimum, tritissimum, e triviis 
petitura. / will prove that by a for- 
cible argument; id argnraento com- 
probabo baculinq* Let us therefore 
prove that by a mathematical argument 
or demonstration : demonstremus id 
igitur ratione mathematica. How did 
he answer that argument ? quomodo 
ab hoc se node expediebat, pbsecro. 

To ARISE ; surgere, exsurgere, as- 

To Arise together ; consurgere. 

To AnisE b^ifore ; praesurgere. 

To Arise again ; resurgeie. 

To Arise as the sun oi^ stars do; 
exoriri, oriri, aboriri. 

To Arise up to one ; assurgere, cura 

To Arisi. before day ; anlelucare, 

They Arise; consurgitur, assurgi- 
tur, assurrectum est ; impers. 

To Arise, or flow, out of : as. True 
friendship arises and fiows out of the 
good qualifications of the mind ; amici- 
tia ex animi non fortuna; bonis exoritur, 
existit, emanat, effluit, emergit. From 
avarice f or covetousness, many evils 
arise; ex avaritia multa mala proficis- 
cuntur, proveniunt. 

Someone will Arise to revenge this ; 
exorietur aliquis ultor. 

War is Arisen or begun; bellum 
cxortum est. Gri^, or fear, anscs; do- 
lor, timor, exoritur. The day arises, or 
begins to arise ; dies exoritur. A tem- 
pest, a report, a star, arises ; tempestas, 
fama, Stella, exorta est. The sun 
arises ; sol exortus est. A delay arises ; 
mora exoritur. All these arise from 
you; a te omnia h»c exorta sunt ; Cic. 


An ARM, or a man's arm ; bra* 
chium, n. ; lacertus, m. ; ulna, ala, f. 

By strength of Ana ; valida manu, 

A little Arm ; brachiolum ; lacertu- 

To take one in ^w Arms ; compiec- 
ti ; ambabus ulnis amplecti. To pull 
one out of one's arms ; e complexu aTcl- 
Jere. To carry a thing under one's 
arm ; portare sub ala. An aiin-fuU ; 
manipulus; quantum corapiexu tenere 

My Arm is too short ; aire meje pen- 
nas non habent. We must put out 
our arm no farther than our sleeve will 
reach or permit ; ut quimus ; quando 
ut voluraus, non licet. 

Arms, or weapons ; arma, tela, pi. n. 

Deeds of Arths ; res bellicae, gesta 

By force of Arms ; vi et armls. 
They are up in arms ; in armis sunt. To 
bear arms ; arma ferre, induere; in ar- 
mis esse. To lay down arms ; arma 
ponere : as, They laid down their arras 
and called for quarter; armis positis, 
ad victorum(i.e. vinccntium)fidemcon- 
fugerunt. Arms put arts to silence ; 
artes inter arma, literaique silent omnes. 
T_ympanis perstrepentibus, clangeati- 
bus bellicum tubis, intonantibus bom- 
bardis, reboantibusque tormentis belli- 
cis, rausaj mutse fiunt, obtumescunt li- 
terae ; exiles lenesque Pieridum cantus 
exaudiri non possunt; Tibias Euterpe 
cohibet, et Polj'hymnia Lesboum refu- 
git tendere barbiton. Horrent Tytrhe- 
nos Heliconia plectra tumultus. Dum 
bello ardent provinciae, frigent studia, 
literae languent. Cum furia) belloruni 
sffiviunt, fugiunt philosophi, et trium- 
phant, si latere tecto liceat abscedere. 
Bella matribus dctestata, almai impri- 
mis niatri academia?. Discordiis civi- 
libus laborante regno deseruntur artium 
et literarum studia, ipseque phiioso- 

Warlike Arms ; arma bellica ; ar- 
matura varia ; Cic. armatus,-us, m, ; 
Liv. univ^rsitas annorum ; Amra. - 

Diverse or various Arms; arma, 
varia, diversa ; his lingua, illis dentes. 

To Arm, or put on arms ; arma ca- 
pere, se telis induere ; ferro et armis se 
accingere. To arm one; aliquem ar- 
mare, munire, armis instruere. 

Armed ; armatus, obarmatus, armis 
instructus, munitus ; armiger-a-um ; 
scutis, teiisque parutus, ornatusque , 


Cic. gravis armaturse miles; id. sue- 
cinctus armis, ferro ; loricatus j Liv, tho^ 
racatus ; Plin. cataphractus ; Liv. 
clibanarius ; i. e. instar clibani ferro 
tectus ; Curt, laminisferreis, inmodum 
pluiuiB, contectus miles; Sal. ferratJE 
catcrvffi, per singula membra dcnsis la- 
luiuis tectae, ut juncturge rigentes com- 
pagibusartuum convenirent; incedebat 
ordo annatorum clypeatus atque ciista- 
tus, corusco luraine radians, nitidis lo- 
ricis indutus. Equites, thoracum teg- 
minibus et limbis ferreis, cincti ; quos 
larainarum circuli tenues ambiebant; 

To be Armed, or in arms ; armari, 
obarmari ; armis muniri, cingi ; et ar- 
matos (si Latine loqui voluraus) opjnor 
eos, qui scutis telisque parati et ornati 
sunt. In armis, paludatum, expeditum 
ad bellum sustinendum, paratura adin- 
cursiones hostium propuisandas, esse. 
Scutatum incedere, accingi, instrui, ar- 
mari ex omni parte ad rem militarem. 
Ad iiostium vim, impetus repellendos, 
sustinendos, propulsandos pnepaiari, 
probe muniri. Jerrei stant in acie. 
Ferro accingi. Cingi fulgentibus armis. 
Arraati ferro, et cristis capita alta co- 

ruscis. Ciypeo munitus et hasta. 

Fulgere in armis. 

Armed cap-a-pie, or aMorer; perar- 
matus ; panoplia armatns ; loricatus ; 

To put on Armour ; arma parare, 
exercere ; consurgere in arma ; dis- 
ponere enses et scuta ; ad arma cogere. 
Arma capere, capes^ere. Armis, scutis, 
telis se induere, accingere, parare, or- 
nare, instruere. Togam deponere, et 
armaturam induere; sagum sumere. 
Armorum prsesidiis corpus suurategere, 
munire. Armare se. Arma sibi, annis 
se circundare, indere. Circundat lo- 
ricam humeris et inutile ferrum. A 
man in anger soon finds arras ; furor 
arma ministrat. 

To put off Armour ; proelia re- 
linquere ; arma, sagum, paludamen- 
turn, scuta telaque omnia ponere, 
deponere, abjicere, exuere. Nudum 
armis, togatum, inermem ; sine armis, 
scutis, ferro esse, incedere. NuUo gla- 
dio, telo succingi. Nullis prtesidiis 
sui defendendi causa indui, muniri. 
Neque ietri quicquam, neque scutum 
ullum habuit. Defigunt teliure hastas, 
€t scuta reponunt. 

An Army ; exercitus,-us, m. ; acies, 
-ci, f. ; agmen, n. ; militum copiaj,tur- 



mas, caterva-, cohortes, legiones j mili- 
tum manus, cuneus. 

An Army in good array ; exercitus 
instructus ; acies ; Liv. acies instructn; 
Cic. acies disposita ; Tao. inslruct* 
copia; agmen compositum ; Liv; pro- 
cinctum ; acies procincta ; procincta 

Toraisean Aemt ; condere lustrum ; 
legiones, milites, militum vira, manum ; 
copias, excrcitum, multitudinem homi- 
nura ad militiam cogere, parare, armare, 
coraparare, instruere, conficere, contra- 
here, colligere, coniiare, expcdire, con- 
ducere. Milites conscribere. Militum 
delectura habere. In militiam descvi- 
bere. Vires omnes in unum conferre, 
congregare. Homines vicatim con- 
scribere, et decuriare. Cogere ad arroa 
viros. — Exercitum lustrare, recensere, 

recognoscere. Aciem instruere. 

In turmas legesque seVeri Agminis dis- 

Tlie Army in great perils or danger 
and distress ; copiae in discrimine ; 
Caesar Hispaniensi bello Pompeii copias 
in summas anguslias compulit, in maxi- 
mas omnium rerum difficultates conje- 
cit ; eo redegit, ut omnium rerum pe- 
nuria laborarent, inopia premerentur, 
conficerentur, pessime acciperentur; in 
maximis angustiis, difficullatibus versa- 
rentur ; plurimis incommodis afficeren- 
tur, plurima sustiuerent incommoda. 

An Army strong in prowess and 
valiant soldiers, but not in number jo/ 
men ; copiaj genere, non numero tir- 
mjB ; genere potius, quam numera, fir- 
mum exercitum habebat Ciesar ; fre- 
quentes admodum Caesaris copiae non 
erant, sed fortitudine praestabant ; erat 
in castris Caesaris virtus, multitudo non 
erat ; non militum copia, frequentia, 
numero, sed eorum virtute, robore, for- 
titudine, animi prsestantia, corporis vi- 
nribus valebat Caesar ; numero exiguus 
erat Ca;saris exercitus, firmitate amplis- 
simus. ^ ^ 

To/md 071 Army ; agmen, exercitum, 
copias, militum manum, &c. ducere. 

They took iip Arms ; arma cepenint ; 
Cic. They are up in arras ; in armis 
sunt; Caes. / defended myself by 
arras ; me armis defend! ; Uv. Ser- 
vants were armed, or put in arms, 
against their masters ; armabantur ser- 
vi in dominos ; Cic. 

He tired the Army ivith continual 
marchings ; exercitum quotidianis iti- 
neribus defatigavit; Caes, He said 



tiie army looiild be routed ; ^hit fore 
ut exercifus pelleretur. The review of 
the army ; armilustrium ; Var. recen- 
sus,-u3, ra. ; Suet, transvectio equitum 
ante couspecturn ducis; Val. Max. 

Not to play, but Jight with Aums; 
armis versis pugnare ; abjectis lusoriis 
armis transire ad vera; Lips. Ad cer- 
ium dimicare ; Tertull. versis gladiis 
depugnare ; Plaut. Ponite jam gla- 
dios hebetes, pugnetur acntis ; Ovid. 
Decretoriis armis pugjiare ; Sen. The 
use of arms for show, in public solem- 
nities ; armoriim ars ludicra; Cic. cer- 
tamen curule ; Lamprid. decursus; 
Gell. decursio prffitorianis indicia in 
foro ; Suet. ludicri concursus ; Lips.' 
ludicrum certanoen; Sen. ludicrum ; 
Mart. Trebell. militia imaginaria; 
Suet hostici ludi ; id. curules diuiica- 
tiones; Amm. equiria,-um, pi. n. ; Fest. 

To ARRAIGN ; ad tribunal si-tere ; 
reum agere ; postulare crirainis ; in ju- 
dicium vocare, adducere ; sistere tribu- 
nali ; pro tribunali adducere. To ar- 
raign, or accuse one of; postulare ali- 
quem alicujus rei, criminis, &c. vel de 
re aliqua aut criraine aliquo. 

To Arraign or accuse one as guilty; 
postulare aliquem reum. 

To Arraign or sue one in law; 
lege aliquem postulare. The most in- 
nocent Cato Censorinus was arraigned ; 
Cato Censorinus, omnium innocentissi- 
mus, in judicium vocatur : Cato, cog- 
nomento Censorinus, qui Censorini 
rognomen tulit, qui Censorinus est 
iiuncupatus, qui Censorini cognomine 
ususest; cum nemine esset probitate 
inferior, ueminem haberet integritate 
superiorem, nemini de probitate conce- 
deret, bonitate expelleret, prasstaret ; 
quinquagies taraen accusatus est, in 
judicium vocatus est, postulatus est, ei 
dies dicta est, ejus nomen delatum est, 
causam dixit vitaj suae ; actorum suo- 
rum, renun a se gestaeum rationera 
reddcre, vitam suam atque innocentiam 
probare, coactus est; subiit judicium, 
reus fuit, factus est, sedit reus, sedit 
reorum loco, judicum tribunal adivit, 
accusatorum audivit impura maledicta, 
acerba convitia, accuaationis molestiam 

An ARRAY ; ordo, series : as, A 
battle in array ; acies instructa. To 
array ; ordinare, inslruere. 

Out 0/ Array ; turbatus j ordine 
perturbatus, confusus. 


ARREARS; reliqui^, pi. f . ; reU* 
quatio, f. ; reliquium, residuum, n. ; re* 
liqua, pi. n. To be in arrears ; relin- 
quor ; reliquari. 

To ARREST ; prehendere, appre- 
hendere, capere, captivare ; in jus tra- 
here, rapere, vocare ; manus inferre, 
injicere ; corripere ; reum prehendere, ' 
capere, apprehendere, comprehendere, 
corripere ; dare in vincula ; injecta 
manu in carcerem, ad judicem ducere, 
abducerc, abripere obtorto cullo. Reo 
manus, catenas injicere ; manus attcr- 
re, inferre. 

He commanded the man to be Ar- 
rested ; hominem corripi jussit; Cic. 

To Arrest, or seize upon, a man^s 
body or goods to the disposal of the so- 
vereign ; contiscare. 

Arrest ; tractio in jus. Prehensio, 
apprchensio, retentio, f. 5 manus injec- 

To ARRIVE ; appellere, cum dat. 
in portum agere, attingere, applicare, 
ad venire. 

To Arrive, or land, at a place ; ad 
iittus, Oram, portum, in portum, appel- 
lere. Terram, portum, attingere. Tel- 
lure potiri. In portum penetrare, de- 
ferri, ex alto invehi. Ad terram classe 
pervenire, navibus accedere. Portum 
tenere, ingredi, inire, obtinere, subire. 
— Ripara feiici tangere portu. Prende- 
re Iittus, littora. Arripere tellufem 
votls. — Optata Troes potiuntur arena. 
Portus intrare petitos. . Proram terris, 
puppim ripaj adveriere. — duci dextria 
ad littora remis. Contigimus portus 
quo mihi cursus erat. Pressae jam por- 
tum tetigere carin*. Pup'pibus et Izeti 
nauta; imposuere coronas. 

To make the ship Arrive at land ; 
tcrrab subducere puppim. Tellurem 
velis arripere ; in portum ex alto inve- 
hi ; iiavem ad terram applicare ; Ca&s. 
ad littora tendere cursu ; clavum ad 
Iittus (orquere ; carinas littora tangunt, v 

/ unhappily Arrived here; baud 
auspicat'j me hie appuli^ Tor. 

At your Arrival ; in adventu tuo. 

To ARROGATE ; i. e. to assume 
much to oneself ; arrogare, assumere. 

ARROGA>;f E ; arrogantia, insolentia, 
superbia ; elatio animi ; sublimis ala- 
rum vectio ; ostenlatio sui ; tumor, sub- 
limitas animi. 

Arrogant ; arrogans, audax, eJa- 
tus, superbus, insoleus; spiritus immo- 
deratos habens \ iuteraperantia aniu)i ; 


tumldus, turgescens ; conteraptor alio- 

iSotneivhat AntiOG AST ; subaudax. 

Very Aurooant ; arrogantiaj ple- 
nus ; Cic. inflatiis opinione ; ferox 
forma ; Plato ; tumidus homo ; Hor. 
nimius animi ; Liv. 

Too Arrogant; nimis arrogans; 
niraium sibi tribuens, arrogans, assu- 

An ARROW ; sagitta, telum, spe- 
culum ; jaculum ; ferram miss>ile, pen- 
natum ; calamus; arundo. 

A little Arrow ; sagittella, f. 

A broad Arrow, or an arrow forked 
itt the head ; tragula.-ae, f. 

An Arrow head; spiculum, n., cus- 
pis, f., ferxura, ferramentum ; cuspis sa- 
gittje ; mucro, uncinus, hamus sagittaj. 

To shoot, or pierce ivithnn Arrow ; 
sagitta transfigere;' teio penetrare. 
Shot, or piercea, with an arrow ; sagit- 
ta, telo, transdxus, penetratus ; sau- 
cius ictu telj. 

Swifter than an Arrow from a 
bow ; sagitta celerius ; neque aves, nc- 
que venti, citius. 

An ART, science or occupation, 4'c. ; 
ars, scientia, studium ; vitaj institutum, 
Vivendi via, vitae proposilum. 

Art, learning, knowlege, Sfc. ; ars ; 
litera;, pi. f., eruditio, doctrina, scien- 
tia ; huraanitas politior ; professio li- 
terarum ; cognitio, peritia erudita ; 
pliilosophia ; i. e. notitia renim divi- 
uarum humanarumque ; solertia cogi- 
landi et agendi ; facultas oratoris, 
poetje, (Sec. Cic. Machinatio et soler- 
tia qujedam, qualis etiam apparet in 
araneolis ; id. 

Well instructed in the Arts ; in ar- 
tibus doctus, bene instructus.' 

Art deludes and frustrates art ; ars 
deluditur arte ; pulchre fallit vulpem. 

One of many Arts seldom thrives ; 
artes variie obsunt ; septera artes, qua- 
tuordecim calamitates : qui multiplicat 
scicntiara, multiplicat dolorera. 

Arts and sciences lack their due 
honor ; artes merito honore carent, va- 
cant ; non quanti deberent, aastiman- 
tur ; non quo aequum esset, lo(!o sunt ; 
non quera debent locum obtinent; non 
adraodum in honore sunt ; dignitatis, 
existimationis, honoris, loci, non ha- 
bent satis ; exigui, parvi, pretii sunt ; 
baud magni reputantur bonaj artes ; 
bonis artibus honor non est, non tribui- 
t»r, locus non est j bonae artes non co- 



luntnr, jacent, minime rigent. 

The liberal Arts ; artes liberales ; 
literatura ; literarum scientia ; Cic, 
doctrinae ingenuae ; studia bumanita- 
tis ; mansuetiores muss j politior hu- 
manitas ; id. studia disciplinarum ; 
Quint. To know arts, is -profitable; 
artes scire, utile j ars portus inopia?. 
High or subtle arts ; artes subtiles ; 
literae interiores et reconditae ac exqui- 
sitcB ; artes difficillima*, gravissimae ; 
summie, perfectse, spinosae ; spin<e dis- 
/Sercndi, definiendi ; Cic. sciential 
omnium raagnarum rerum et artium ; 
majorum rerum sciential ; Cic. Un- 
lawfid or magical arts ; artes magics, 
praestigiae ; Cic. sceleratae preces, et 
nefaria vota nocturna ; id. artes se- 
cretae, nefandai ; Amm. funcstas ; 
Vopisc. Zoroastri susurri j Prud. ma- 
gica sacra ; Virg. 

By Art, or artificially ; ex arte, 
argute, perbelle ; Cic. faberrime po» 
litus thorax ; Amm. lepide id efiici> 
am ; per doctos dolos aliquid auferre ; 

Full q/*Art ; S)X. ; artis plenus j Cic. 
argutus ; operosus ; Cic. artifex dimi- 
catio, ingeniosa; Plin. affabrum j Feat. 
niachinosa navis ; daedala tecta ; Virg. 
omnia ingenia illi sunt ; Plaut. Mi- 
nerva; opus ; novem rausis caeiatum 
opus ; dgedali opera ; Dasdalus ipse. 

Let nothing be done without the most 
consummate Anr and accuracy; nihil 
nisi cum gumma venustate, d«core ac 
solertia et perfccte fiat ; Cic. 

Whativer he doeSf is with the utmost 
Art and elegance ; quicquid agit, cum 
lepore et elegantia eximia pcragit, et pe- v 
ritia admirabiliad exitum perducit; Cic. 

This A rt was all his revenue ; hac 
ars illi sua census erat. 

An ARTICLE ; chief head, or prin- 
cipal point ; articuius, m., clausula, f,, 
articulum, n, Principium, fundamen- 
tum, caput. 

Articles ({/"accourafs; nomina, pi. 
n., capita coraputorum, computationuro. 

Articles of a covenant or treaty ; 
capita, conditiones, fcEderis. 

Article by article ; articulatim. 

An ARTICLE of agreonent ; condi- 
tio, -onis, f. ; pactum, n. 

To agree upon Articles ; conditi- 
ones inire. 

ARTICULATE, or distinct; arti- 
culatus ; distinctus, p. 

To surrender on Articles ; sub 



certis conditionibus dare, reddere. 

To draw up Akticles against one 
for treason; postulate capitis; lajsai 
majeslatis tiisimnlare. 

An Articulate voice, sound^ivord, 
or speech; ariiculata, explanabilis, ar- 
ticulate di.stincla, vox, oratio. Hence 
articulate dicere, est, syllabatim, e.x- 
plariate, explanatius, enodate ; Cic. 
signate et proprie, significantcr, dicere j 

Aji Autifice; artificiuni,n., strnplia, 
spcciuien ingenii ; Cic. a^rtificiuni, i. 
e. opus artefaclum, magnificuin,-iui'-a- 
bi!i arte vel artificio perfectura ; opus 
elegantioris artificis ; id. 

An Artificek ; officinator, opera- 
rius ; machinator ; avtifex, opifex, me- 
chauicus. Opifex qusesluarius, nie- 
ciianicus, nmnuarius, sedeutarins ; qui 
artem habet, exercet sedentariam, uia- 
nuariam, mechanicaili, cjuajstuariaru, 
cujus ars, disciplina, artificium j)er ma- 
nus tradituTj non scriptis librisve doce- 
tur ; cui ars pro viatico est. Fabrica- 
tor ; Cic. coucinnator ; Col. technicus ; 
Quint, homo operarivis ; humili arte 
pra^ditus ; ' Cic. professionis ulfimaj 
liomo ; Laijipr. 

Autificial ; technicus, artificia- 
lis, daidalu?, artiiiciosus, perfectus, 
graphicus, elaboratus, politus, perpoli- 
tus, exquisitus, arte laboratus ; Virg. 
exRctus, scitiis, affabre factus. 

Artificial, as opposed to natural ; 
pactitius, artefactus. 

AS ; ut, uti ; veiut, veluti ; sicut, 
sicuti ; prout ; ecu. 

As well as ; tarn, qnam ; seque ac ; 
pariter ac ; perinde atque ; tanquain, 
a:que atque ; jeque quam ; non minus 
quam j baud, vei nihilo, minus quam ; 

I. As, before a verb, or a participle 
of the present tense, having the sign of 
d verb passive before it, implies time of 
action, and is rendered either by a par- 
ticiple, or by a verb with dum, cum, 
ubi, or ut : or by the preposition in, 
fvith an ablative case ; inter or super 
with an accusative case. 

And As he Jlew {or was ^flying'), he 
looked down upon the Munichian fields ; 
Municliiosque volans despiciebat agros ; 
Ovid. As / stood {or was standing) 
at the door, an acquaintance of mine 
came towards me ; dum ante ostium 
sto, notus mihi quidam obviam venit ; 
Ter. A^I was folding. up this letter, 


the carrier came to me; cum compli- 
carcm banc epistoiam, ad me venit ta- 
bellarius ; Cic. As 1 was going into 
the nursery, {or was about to go) ; ubi 
in gynajcium ire occipio ; Ter. As he 
was sitting on a green batik of grass; 
ut viridante toro consederat herbffi ; 
Virg. He studies as he goes {or is 
going) his journey ; in itinere secum 
ipse meditatur ; Cic. Had this befal' 
len you, as you were at supper ; si ir.- 
ter cocnara hoc tibi accidisset ; Cic. 
These things Hegelochus said as wc 
were at supper; h3?c Hegelochus dixit 
super coenam ; Curt. The tribunes of 
the people were wounded as you your- 
selves were looking on; tribuni plebis, 
vobis ipsis inspectantibus vulnerati ; 
Cic. As you were reading those things, 
then I thought that it would be decreed 
by the senate ; cum haic legeres, jam 
tHin a senatu dccretum arbitrabar fore ; 
Cic. In the mean while as those things, 
tchich were scattered abroad, are ga- 
thered together; interea, dum hcec, 
quse dispersa sunt, coguntur ; Cic. 
For, as the money was told down, if 
happened that the man himself came in 
unexpectedly; nam, ut numerabatur 
forte argentum, intervenit homo de im- 
proviso ; Ter. Just .as we were upon 
our departure, I received letters from 
you ; accepi a te epistoiam in ipso dis- 
cessu nostro ; Cic. Those things, as 
we were at supper, I dictated to a 
young wmn; hac, inter coenam ado - 
Icscenti dictavi ; Cic. 

II. As, with the particles to or 
for after it, is put for concerning, or so 
far as concerneth, and then is rendered 
by de, quod, quatenus, ad, quod ad, 
or quantum ad ; in uhich phrases atti- 
nef, pertinet, or spcctat, is understood, 
as it is snmetiines expressed. 

As to the keeping of our liberty, I 
agree with you ; de libertate retinenda 
|ibi assentior ; Cic. As for what he 
said of religion ; quatenus de religione 
dicebat; Cic. I will do that, which, 
as to the severity of it, shall be more, 
mild, and as to common safety, more 
profitable ; fnc'mm id, quod est ad se- 
veritatem lenius,ad communem salutcni 
utilius ; Cic. As for Pomponin, I 
would have you tcrite, if you think 
good ; quod ad Pomponiam ; si tibi 
videtur, scribas velim ; Cic. As for 
your excusing yourself o\ftei^v)ards ; tu 
quod te posterius purges ; Ter. As 


concerning my daughter Tullia; de 
Tullia mea filia ; Cic. / saw the court, 
as to show or appearance hideedf 
adorned magnificently ; but, as to 
sense and understanding, very mourn- 
J'ully ; vidi forum adornatum, ad spe- 
cieu), magnifico oriiatu ; sed ad sensum 
cogitationeraque, acerbo et lugubri ; ^ 
Cic. As for what concerns that city ; 
quod ad earn civitatera attinet ; Cic. 
Fm', Rs/or wliat the tnan now accuses 
me of; nam, quod me accusal nunc 
vir ; Ter. 

III. As, in the latter clause of a sen- 
tence answenng to such, or such a 
one in the former, is rendered by qui, 
or qualis. 

Show yourself such a one As / 
have known you from a child to be ; 
praesta te eum, qui mihi a tene.ris un- 
guiculis es cognitus ; Cic. Show your- 
self now to be such a one as you have 
already shown yourself before ; praebe 
te talem hoc tempore qualem te jam 
ante praebuisti ; Cic. For neither are 
we such as those whom — ; neque enim 
ii sumus quos — ; Plin. Wlio, if he 
he such a one, as you wnte you think 
him to be; qui, si est talis, qualem tibi 
videri scribis ; Cic. It is necessary 
therefore for you to be such a one, as to 
separate yourself wholly from converse 
with bad citizens ; talem igitur te esse 
oportet, qui te ab irapiorura civium so- 
cietate se jungas ; Cic. 

IV. As, coming in the former part 
ef a similitude, together with or for 
these particles, like, even; or answer- 
ing in the latter part to so in the for- 
mer, and generally when manner or 
custom is referred to, is rendered by 
queniadmodum. ut, velut, sicut, quo- 
niodo, and atque; which last, viz. at- 
que, is only used in the latter clause. 

Even As it is the part of a ivise man 
to bear the chances of fortune bravely, 
so it is the property of a madman to 
he the author of his own bad fortune ; 
quemadmodum sapientis est, fortuitos 
casus magno auirao sustinere ; ita de- 
mentis esi, ipsam sibi raalam facere for- 
tunam. As that was troublesome, so 
is this pleasant ; ut illud erat moles- 
tum, sic hoc est jucundum ; Cic. From 
which judgment he escaped naked as 
from a fire ; quo ex judicio, velut ex 
incendio nudus effugit ; Cic. / went 
as my manner is ; ibam, sicut meus est 
mos; Hor. You have so made me 

Phrase, % 



consult, as few have been made in this 
city ; ita me fecistis consulem quomo- 
do pauci in hac civitate facti sunt; 
Cic. The end of felicity shall be like 
as it teas befwe ; similis crit finis boni, 
atque antea fuerat ; Cic. 

Hitlierto may be referred As coming 
with or without to before a verb, and 
having so with an adjective coming he- 
fore itself, in ivhich use it is made by 
ut, or qui : as. Should I be so foolish 
as to think — ; ego nunc tam siru 
stultus, ut hunc putem roihi esse ami- 
cum ? Cic. Would he be so foolish as to 
trust me 7 an ille tam esset stultus, qui 
mihi mille nummum crederet ? Plaut. 
But who is such a fool, or so brutish,- 
as to dare gainsay? caeterum quis 
tam stultus, aut brutus est, ut audeat 
repugnare. Those things were so done 
as / have declared ; jiaec, sicut exposui, 
ita gesta sunt ; Cic. It is but a short 
request, and, as / am persuaded, some' 
what reasonable ; postulatio bievis, et, 
quomodo mihi persuadeo, aliquanto 
aequior; Cic. ^ 

V. As, in the body qf a sentence, is 
often put for which, i. e. which thing, 
and is rendered by quod, oi' id quod, 
put for quae res : as, 

She did As hei' mother hade her ; ma- 
ter quod suasit sua, fecit ; Ter. But if 
our country affect us, as it should, very 
much; at si nos, id quod maxime debet, 
nostra patriadelectat; Cic. If any man- 
ner of way it be, or can be, as / hope 
it may ; si ullo modo est, aut possit, 
quod spero fore; Ter. The senate 
cannot sit now, as you know ; senatus 
nunc haberi, id quOd scis, non potest ; 

VI. As, in the latter clause of a 
sentence, anstpeinng to so, or as great, 
much, little, soon, fast, &c., is ren- 
dered either by quantus, or else by qui, 
quam^ or ut, with a superlative degree 
of the adjective or adverb going toge- 
ther with it, especially if may, can, 
could be, Sfc. be added to it : as, 

Xiive her As much as I bade you ; 
quantum imperavi date ; Tef. As 
great honor as might be was given to 
the gods ; diis quantus maximus pote- 
rat, habitus est honos ; liv. / show you, 
as much respect as can be ; qua possum 
veneratione maxima te prosequor. Let 
the business be dispatched as soon and 
with as little trouble as may be ; quam. 
primum, et quam minima cum moleetia 




res transigatur ; Cic. I ran away as though as covetous as ariy ; ut quamvi* 
fast as / could; ego me in pedes, quan- avido parerent arva colono ; Virg. As 
turn queo, conjeei ; Ter, I commended little as may be; quainlibet parum ; 
you to him as earnestly, and as dili- Quint. Nevertheless whatever shall 
gently as I could ; sic ei te coraraen- be found in these schedules^ as little sO' 
davi, ut gravissime diligentissimeque ever as it may seem to be, this at least 
potui ; Cic. He suffered to expend, will certainly be evident ; sed tamen 
or disburse, as much as he pleased ; quicquid erit in his libellis, quantulum- 
quantum vellet, impendere perraisit ; cunque videbitur esse, hoc quidera 
Liv. I will discourse with as much certe raanifestum erit ; Cic. As great 
brevity as possibly I can ; dicava qudin- as my poverty is, yet — S^c; quanta 
ta maxima brevitate potero ; Cic. There hsec mea paupertas est, tamen — &c. j 
is amongst them as much difference as Ter. 

can be, between their studies and their VIII. As sometimes is put for^ in 
manners; tanta est inter eos, quanta this regard, or respect, and then it is 
maxima potest morum studioruraque rendered by ut, or qua : as, I will 
distantia ; Cic. He extolled my au- pursue him to death, not as a just 
thority as highly as possibly he could ; enemy, but as a poisonous murderer ; 
dignitatem meara, quibus potuit ver- ad intemecionem mihi persequendus 
bis amplissimis, ornavit ; Cic. The est, non ut Justus hostis; sed ut per- 
birds build their Jiests, and make them cussor veneficus ; Curt, He is not va- 
at the bottom as soft as possibly they lued as he is any man's son, but as lie is 
can; aves nidos construunt, eosque a man; non qua filius alicujus, sed qua 
quam possunt mollissime substernunt ; homo aestimatur. The right of punish' 
Cic. / led the aivny to Amamim with ing belongs to him, not as a creditor, 
as great marches as possibly I coidd; but, as he is placed in greater w 
quam potui maximis itineribus, ad higher authority ; jus puniendi non 
Amanum, exercitum duxi. As far as cprapetit illi ut creditori, sed quatenus 
_/ am able ; quod queo ; Ter. With superior est constitutus ; Liv. 
as honorable words as I can possibly 
conceive; ut honorificentissirais verbis 
ipse consequi potero ; Cic. I will 
bring the physician as soon as may be ; 
adducam medicura jam quantum po- 
test ; Plant. 

VII. As, redoubled with an adjec- 
tive or adverb betwixt and the icords 
it is, they be, &c. after it, is many 
times put for though, although, and 
rendered by quamlibet, or quamvis : 

As rich as you are, he cares not a 
pin for you; non enim pili facit te 

IX. A s sometimes signifies the same 
as accordingly as, or proportionably as, 
and then is rendered by ut, uti, sicut, 
ita ut, pro, prout, pro eo ac, pro eo at- 
que, perinde ut, perinde atque, pro- 
inde ac : as for example : As I wrote 
to you before ; ut scripsi ad te antea ; 
Cic. The one, as Isocrates said, needs 
a bridle, the other a spur; alter, uti 
dixit Isocrates, fraenis eget, alter calca- 
ribus ; Cic. He fied to his house as to 
an altar ; sicut in aram, confugitin hu- 
jus doraum ; Cic. As it is fit ; ita ut 
aequura est ; Plant. I loved him as Twy 

quaralibet divitem. As \f it were any own; araavi pro meo; Ter. As they 

hard matter to me to name them, as were able to follow ; prout sequi pote- 

many as they are; quasi vero mihi rant; Flor. As I ought; pro eo ac 

difficile sit, quamvis multos nomihatim debui ; Sulpit. It must be considered 

proferre ; Cic. as done by no right ; pro eo habendum 

Sometimesit is so put for how soe-ver, est, atque si nullo jure factum esset. 

and rendered by quantuscunque, or These things are, as is the mind of him 

quantuluscunque, i/" great or little cowie that has them; haic perinde sunt, ut 

betwixt: as, illius animus, qui ea possidet; Ter. 

-All this, as great as it is, is thine; He did not seem to apprehend it, as / 

totum hoc, quantumcunque est, tuum had thought ; non perinde atque ego 

est ; Cic. By this, which I say, as lit- putaram, arripere visus est ; Cic. He 

tie as it is, it may be judged ; ex eo, is not hated as he deserves ; quern ne- 

quod dico ; quantulum idcurique est, quaquam, proinde ac dignus est, ode- 

judicari potest; Cic. That the fields runt homines ; Cic. The woman loved 

manured may satiny the husbandman, her, and brought her up as her own ; 




dilexit eain, et educavit muHerpro sua. raorsum, quara taxi arboris succum ; 
it was a dish not so great as was ex- Suet. This thing as much vexes me 
pected ; ferculum non pro expectatione as you ; haec res non minus me male 
magnum erat. First of aU I ought to habet quam te ; Ter. 
hope, that all the gods, who hace the Several other phrases : 
care of this city, wilt reward me as / According As every man's pleasure 
deserve; primum debeo sperare, deos is; prout cuique libido est ; Hor. Ac- 
mnnes, qui huic urbi praesident, pro cording as the opinion is of any one's 
eo milii, ac mereor, relaturos esse gra- mannerSySO — ; perinde ut opinio est de 
tiam; Cic. According as the abilities cuj usque moribus, ita — ; Cic. Tore- 
of such a man were ; prout facul tales solve upon any thing, according as af- 
hominis hujusmodi ferebant ; Cic. He fairs and time shall require ; ex re et 
is now looked upon or esteemed as if he tempore constituere aliquid ; Cic. Con- 

were fully and judicially acquitted; 
perinde habetur atque si judicio abso- 
lutus esset. 

X. As, answering to so, or as, in 
several members of a sentence, wherein 
there is intimated an equality, or compa- 
rison of something with another, is ren- 
dered by some of these particles ; aeque 
ac, jeque atque, aeque quam ; tarn, quam, 
non, baud ; or nihilo minus quara : as, 

sider well what to say according as 
there shall be need of speaking ; tu ut 
subservias orationi, utcunque opus sit 
verbis vide j Ter. To do according as 
any one shall advise; de, ex, alicujus 
sententia agere ; Cic. According as 
the occasion requires ; pro re nata ; 
Cic. Lucius, his brother, ordered tht 
affair as being one that Jiad fought 
abroad ; Lucius, frater ejus, utpote qui 

What great advantage is there in peregre depugnavit, rem gerebat j Cic. 
prospenty, unless you have some one Sisenes, as one being not suspected of, 
to rejoice in it As well as yourself? or free from guilt, did often attempt to 
quis esset tantus fructus in prosperis cai'ry those letters to Alexander; has 
febus, nisi haberes, qui illis aeque, ac literas Sisenes, utpote innoxius, ad Alex- 
tu ipse, gauderet ? Cic, These bene- andrum saepe deferre tentavit ; Curt. 
Jits are not to be accounted so great as As far as I perceive by his countenance ; 
those which — ; ha-c beneficia aeque quantum ex vultu ejus intelligo ; Cic. 
magna non sunt habenda, atque ea. All the ground, as far as one could see, 
quae — ; Cic. They can see as well by was covered with darts and weapons ; 
night as by day ; noctibus aeque quam omnia, qua visus erat, constrata telis et 
die cernunt j Plin. I love thee as welt armis ; Sal. They trembled, as if they 
as myself ; tam te diligo, quara meip- had been surprised by ambush; pro- 
sum ; Ter. He is afraid of harm as inde ac si insidiis circumventi fuissent, 
znuch as any of you ; non minus quam trepidarunt ; Liv. Who since she so 
vestrum quivis formidat malum ; Plant, fought as if she had no mind to over- 
I thought he made as much account of com£ ; quae cum ita pugnaret tanquam 
her as of himself ; quam ego intellexi quae vincere nolletj Ovid. I desire 
baud minus quam se ipsum magnifa- you would mind his affair as if it were 
cere; Ter. He is in as great misery mine; ejus negotium sic velim suscipias, 
Si&hethat — ; nihilo minus in miseria est ut si esset res mea ; Cic. As if in- 
quam ille qui — ; Cic. You shall deed I were ignorant what you desire ; 
really find me such a one, as to whom or as if any thing new were now brought 
you shall be as dear and as pleasing as to light ; quasi vero nescirem quid vos 
ever you were to your own father ; me velletis ; et nunc novum quid proferre- 
certe habebis, cui charus aeque sis, et tur; Plant. That is just as if I should 
perjucundus, acfuisti patri ; Cic. But say — ; perinde hoc est quasi (tan- 
he honors and respects me as mu£b as quam si) ego dicerera — ;GelI. He used 
he does his own lord and patron ; sed me me with as much civility as if he had 
edit atque observat, aeque atque ilium been my own brother; me officiis,juxta 
ipsum patronura suum ; Cic. As lov- ac si meus frater esset, sustentavit; 
ingly as his most beloved child ; aeque Cic. Sfie carried herself as if she had 
atque Uberum charissimus. It is said been a daughter ; ipsa sese ita gerebat, 
that nothing is so good against the bite ut si esset filia ; Ter. You shall be 
of a viper, as the juice of a yew-tree ; with me no otherwise than as if you were 
fiihil aeque facere fertyr ad viperae my own brother; mecum eris, non s«- 



cus ac si meus frater esses ; Cic. As 
it were bloody drops of rain; quasi 
craentas guttse imbrium ; Cic. The 
mund was heard, sometimes as it were 
at the threshold, sornetimes as it were 
within the threshold, of the door ; jam 
ut in ostii limine, jam ut intra Ihnen 
sonus audiebatur; Plin. They live 
mostly as if they were blind moles ; vi- 
vunt plerumque ceu talpae ; Plin. Glory 
accompanies virtue as it were its very 
shadow ; gloria virtutem tanquam um- 
bra sequitur ; Cic. And as it were in 
the very streets where they dwell ; et 
in ipsis quasi plateis ubi habitatur; 
vCic. He gave the woman as little as 
he thought jit ; mulieri reddidit quan- 
tum visum est ; Cic. You shall learn 
as long as you will; disces quaradiu 
voles ; Cic. So long as the senate had 
any business to do; tam diu dum se- 
natus negotii quidquam habebat pera- 
gendum ; Cic. I have only rest and 
quietness, so long as / am writing to 
you; ego tamdiu requiesco, quamdiu 
ad te scribo ; Cic. / will only so long 
«wn you for mine, as xjou do that which 
is worthy of yourself; ego te meum 
esse dici tantisper volo, dum quod te 
dignum est facis ; Ter. He lived as 
long as he covld live well and quietly ; 
vixitqu^ tamdiu, quam licuit bene et 
tranquille vivere ; Cic. As long as 
any one had lived ; quoad quisque eo- 
rum vixerat: Cic, There is as o-^««/ 

^- ' ' ~ ' , — O'-"" 

difference dnd variety of voice and 
countenance, as of minds ; vocis et vul- 
tus mutationes totidem sunt, quot ani- 
morum. What a misery is it, that he, 
who was appointed or designed to be 
consul, as many years as he had lived, 
yet never could enjoy the consul- 
ship; quid miserius quam euro, qui tot 
annos, quot habebat, designatus consul 
fuerit, fieri consulem nee consulatu frui 
potuisse ? Cic. If two laws or statutes, 
cr more, or as many as are already or 
thou be, do appoint that, yet—i^c, ; si 
duae leges, si plures, autquotquot sunt, 
vel erunt, id constituant, attaraen — &c. ; 
Cic. / entreat you to collect as many 
toldiers as possibly you can; vos hor- 
tor, ut quotcunque milites contrabere 
poteritis, contrahatis ; Cic. As if I 
alone had not credit for six hundred 
times as much ; quasi mihi non sexcen- 
ta tanta soli soleant credier; Flaut. 
They reaped six times as mwh as wa^ 
90um; sexies tantum, quam quantum 


satum sit, demessum est; Cic. Pro" 
vided that I come safe back, let them 
make as great a bustle and stir as they 
please; dum me reducam tutum, tur- 
bent porro quam velint ; Ter. For as 
much as he urges my soldiers to trea- 
chery by his letters; cum milites raeos 
Uteris ad j)roditionem soUicitet; Curt, 
For as much as their way of living and 
their manners are more gentle ; prop- 
terea quod eorum vita lenior, et mores 
faciliores ; Cic. He knetv that you 
woidd do so, for as much as he had in- 
telligence that you were afraid of him; 
sciebat vos id facturos, quippe qui in- 
tellexerat vereri vos se ; Plaut. In a» 
much as / see you do desire it; quando 
te id video desiderare ; Cic. In as 
much as it is the pleasure of God that 
it shoidd be so ; quando ita Deo placet 
ut ita sit. In as much as you so much 
approve of those orators ; quandoqui- 
dem tu istos oratores tantopere laudas ; 
Cic. Say that you can do tliat, in as 
much as you are able ; tu te posse id 
praestare, dicito, quandoquidem potes j 
or thus : Say, that you are able, in as 
much as you are so ; tu posse te, dicito, 
quandoquidem potes ; Cic. In as muth 
as all our discourse is about popular bu- 
siness, it will be necessary now and then 
to speak popularly ; quoniam depopu- 
laribus rebus omnis noster versatur ser- 
mo, poDulariter interdum loom pepess^ 
tlit ; Cic. In, or for, as tmtcA as fdti 
will have it so, I will own myself to be 
too grateful or thankful; quoniam tu 
ita vis, nimium me gratum esse conce- 
dam ; Cic. Of all the various and dif- 
ferent sorts or kinds of learning or 
learned men, that of the poets is, or is 
to be accounted, the most ancient ; in 
as much as Homer and Hesiod were 
before the building of Rome ; antiquis- 
simum e doctis genus fit poetarum : si- 
quidem Homerus fuit, et Hesiodus ante 
Komam conditam ; Cic. / am exceed- 
ingly well pleased at our baths, in as 
much as you write, that they are sud- 
denly become good and healthful again; 
gratulor Bails nostris, siquidera, ut scri- 
bis, salubres repente rursus factae sunt ; 
Cic. He did not use to feast with his 
brother, in as much as he did but very 
seldom come to the city ; convivia cum 
fratre non inibat, quippe qui ne in op- 
pidura quidem nisi perraro veniretj 
Cic. As often as it is commanded; 
toties quoties praecipitur j Cic. As oft^ 




lis tpkad, so often I think I am coming is mo8t worthtf of glory , so is he moat 
before the judge; quotiescunque dico, regardless ofit; ut quisque est glorias 
toties mihi videor in judicium venire ; dignissimus, ita gloriae est negligentis- 
Cic. As soon as we set foot on land ; siraus ; ut quisque est gloria maume 
ubi primum tenram tetigimus; Plaut. dignus, ita gloriae est minime avidus ; 
And as soon as ever it was light the quo quisque dignior quo laudetur, hoc 
next day ; et lux cum primum tends se minus laudari gaudet. He carries him- 
crastiua reddit ; Virg. As soon as he self ^s if he were more than man ; ut 
perceived me. go to the daughter; ubi deus, se geritj Jovi paria intonat. 
rae ad filiam ire sensit j Ter. To whom Should I be so foolish as to think ? 
as soon as I came; ad quera ut venij ego nunc sim tam stultus ut putem ? 
Cic. As soon as ever he saw me; ut Would he be so foolish as to trust we? 
me primum vidit ; Cic. As soon as / an ille tam esset stultus qui mihi cre- 
pleased, the invtge presented itself; deret? As long again, and longer ; ^1- 
siraulac mihi coUibitura est praesto est tero, tanto longior. As big again, and 
imago; Cic. As soon as ever the op' better; altero tanto major. I have set 
portunity was first offered; simulac forth the oracles as briefly as I could ; 
primum ei occasio visa est ; Cic. So exposui quam brevissime potui oracula. 
soon as she did turn her cruel mind and He bespeaks the man as kindly as he is 
eye; simul obvertit saevam cum lumine able; appellat horainem quam blandis- 
raentem ; Ovid. The which thing so sime potest. / loved you as my own 
soon as he perceived ; quod is simul at- brother ; te in germani fratris dilexi 
que sensit. So soon as ever I shall see loco. 7%ey are as very fools ; pari 
Curio ; simul ut videro Curionem ; stultitia sunt. As it is fit ; ita ut ae- 
Cic. As soon as ever Quintius re- quum. As there shallbe need of speak- 
turned to Rome; statira ut Roraam re- ing; utcunque opus fuerit verbis. As 
diit Quintius ; Cic. A letter as big for what he spake of rdigion; quate- 
as a book ; instar voluminis epistola; nus de religione dicebat. /, as being a 
Cic. They think it as ill as death, as very wise mun, presently understood ; 
bad as to die; instar mortis putant; ego, scilicet homo prudentissimus, sta- 
Cic. As wise a man as any in our tim intellexi. They went as far as to 
eity; sapiens homo cum primis nostras the works ; ad molem usque penetra- 
civitatis; Cic. As these things are bant. As it may stand with your 
very unprofitable, so they are very health; quod commodovaleludinistuae 
base; haec cum summe inutilia, turn fiat. As far as it is possible; quoad 
raulto turpissima sunt; Cic. He thinks ejus fieri possit. As far a.s from Tmo- 
nobody can do so well as himself ; ni- lus; ab usque Tmolo. As far as from 
hil nisi quod ipse facit, rectum putat ; Ethiopia ; ex ^Ethiopia usque. As 
Ter. If they could have endured, or far as from thence ; usque isthinc, 
subndtted themselves unto our vices, as As far as it shall be needful; usque eo 
weU as to our empire and goveimment ; quo opus erit. As far as from beyond 
si lam vitia nostra, quam imperia ferre the Alps ; trans Alpes usque. As far 
potuissent; Flor. The Sicilians are as the empire extended ; totum denlciac 
grieved at it as well as I; mecumpaii- qua patebat imperium. As far as I 
ter moleste ferunt Siculi ; Cic. You remember; ut mea memoria est. As 
may know these things as well as /; far as I gather by his looks ; quantum 
aeque mecura haec scias ; Ter. The ex vultu ejus intelligo ; Cic. They 
goods or estates of those that were ab- looked as if they had run away ; fugas 
sent, as well as those that were killed, speciem praebuerunt. He makes as 
u^ere divided ; absentiura bona, juxta though he had not been willing; dissi- 
atque interemptorum, divisa fuere; mulat se noluisse. As long as they 
liv. In what condition our affairs live; usque dum vivunt. / gave as 
are, aU of you, as well as I, do under- long as I had it; dedi dum fuit, 
stand; quo in loco res nostras sint. Above five times as much as lawful; 
juxta mecum omnes intelligitis ; Sal. quinquies tanto aroplius quam licitum 
According as the matter requires, or sit. Though I lose as much more ; 
as affairs and times are ; prout res etiamsi alterum tantum perdendum sit. 
postulat ; ut se res et tempora dant; Who ought to use these things as much^ 
pro rebus natis. .According" as any one or more; quem pariter uti his decuitj 



aut etiara ampHus. As if I were not 
as much concerned in it as you ; quasi 
isthic minus mea res agatur quam tua. 
As much as lay in you; quod quid era 
In te fuit. / will do as much for you ; 
reddam vicem, reddetur opera. Which 
is as much as any plaintiff can desire ; 
<]uod est accusatori maxime optanduni. 
Add as much as you will thereto ; quan- 
tumcunque eo addideris. They are as 
much to blame ; simili sunt in culpa ; 
tam sunt in vitio. We have done as 
ynuch as we promised and undertook; 
satisfactura est proniisso nostro, ac sus- 
cepto. He made as much account of 
the good will of the freemen, as of his 
own credit; is voluntatem municipum 
tantidem, quanti fidera suam, fecit. The 
house is famed as mu^h now as ever ; 
domus celebratur ita, ut cum maxime. 
As lean as a rake ; lapsana vivit. As 
poor as Job ; iro pauperior. As true 
as an oracle ; Apollinis responsura. As 
ye sow, so shall ye reap ; ut semen tem 
feceris, ita et metes. He acts asincon- 
siderately as any one; tarn ridicule, 
quam quispiam, ille facit. If he were 
as famous f«r his actions, as he is bold 
in -his undertakings ; si, quam audax 
est ad conandum, tam esset clarus et 
insignis in agendo ; Cic. Are you such 
a fool as to think, as to trust? tam 
stultus es, ut putes, qui credas ? That is 
as much as it is ; non ultra excedit. 

As, in comparison with an adjective ; 
tanquam. Even ais, like as ; quemad- 
modum, sicut, ita, ita ut, similis atque. 

WhereAs ; quum. 

As for example ; Puta, utpote, ut, 
exempli causa, verbi gratia. As it 
were, as if, or as though ; quasi, tan- 
quam, ac si, perinde, baud secus, non 
aliter, non minus ac si. 

As, for whilst, one is doing any 
thing ; dum, cum, ubi. 

As great ; tantus. As mu^h; tan- 
lum, tantundem. As many ; tot, toti- 
dem. As often ; toties. Such a one 
as ; talis qualis, is qui. As well as ; 
aeque ac, perinde atque, pariter ac, tam 
quam, juxta atque, tanquam, aeque at- 
que, aeque quam, non minus quam, 
hand, vol nihilo minus quam. 

As soon as ; ut primum, quampri- 
inum, simul ac, simuiatque, statim ut, 
quam raox, ubi primum, cum primum. 

As long as ; donee, quamdiu, quoad, 
dum. As far as ; quatenus, quoad, 
quantum. As often as j toties, quoties. 


quotiescunque. As many as ; tot quot^ 
totidem quot. As many as, i. e. never 
so many ; quotquot. As much as, (aM 
adj.) quantum. As much as, i. e. never 
so much; quantumcunque, quantum- 
vis, quantumlibet. As mu£h as, (o» 
adv.) baud minus quam. For, in as 
muchas ; quandoquidem, cum, quando, 
siquidem, quoniam, quatenus, propterea 
quod. As big as ; instar, cum gen. 
As big again, or twice as big ; duplo 
major. As rich as he is ; utut, or 
quamlibet dives. Such as it is ; qualis 
qualis. As well as /; juxta mecum ; 
Sal. mecum pariter ; Cic. aeque me- 
cum ; Ter. As for the residue of the 
time ; caetero. jFoj' as much as, i. e. 
as great price as ; tanti, quanti. As 
great as ; quantuscunque. As little 
as ; quantuluscunque. As, i. e. in this 
regard, or in this respect ; qua, ut. As 
to, as for, as touching, as far as con-- 
cerneth, as concerning; quantum ad, 
quodattinet ad, de, quatenus, ad, quod 

According As, proportionably as, 
eveti as ; queraadmodum.itaut, ut, vel- 
ut, sicut, quomodo, uti, pro, prout, 
pro eo ac vel atque, perinde ut vel at- 

To ASCEND ; ascendo, conscendo, 
scando ; peto, subeo ; supervenio. 

To Ascend, or come to a higher de- 
gree ; ascendere ad gradum altiorera. 

To Ascend or climb up the hill ; 
ascendere in montem. 

To AscEjj D a wall ; ascendere mu- 

The voice oi^ sound Ascends by de- 
grees ; vox gradatim ascendit. 

To Ascend or mount up on high ; 
alta petere ; sursum evehi, ferri, niti 
gradibus ; superiores sedes, locum alti- 
orem, capessere ; ad sumraa festigia cul- 
minis evadere ; altius eraergere. 

To make an Ascent ; ascensionen^ 
facere ; Plaut. Gradum ad aliqnid fa- 
cere ; scandere malos ; Cic. Ascen- 
dere in summum : Plaut. 

A high and difficult Ascent, or pas- 
sage ; difficilis atque arduus ascensus, 
gradus, aditus. 

To ASCRIBE; ascribere, tribuere, 
attribuere, imputare. 

Do not Ascribe or impute any neg- 
ligence of that affair to me ; ne mihi 
negljgentiam, hac in re, velim ascribas. 

To Ascribe any thing to any one ,* 
ascribere, assignare, imputare, tribuere, 

ftttribuere, quid, alicui ; aliquid confer- 
re in aliquem; alicujus rei auctorem 
aiiquem facere. 

To Ascribe any thing to oneself; 
aliquid sibi adsciscere, ascribere, attri- 
buere, arrogare, assumere. 

Those things are to be Ascribed or 
attributed to his arms and victories, 
not to Casar himself ; arraorum ista et 
victoriae swnt facta, non ipsius Caesaris ; 
Cic. We ought to ascribe or impute 
those troubles to you alone ; calamita- 
tes hasce uni tibi referre debernus ; Cic. 
Nobody did then think that was to be 
ascribed or imputed to the man, but to 
the time ; nee vero homini tunc quis- 
quam, sed tempori, assignandum puta- 
vit ; Cic. / pray you do not ascribe 
that to their wickedness, but to their 
imprudence ; araabo te, ne hoc sceleri- 
bus, potius quara iraprudentife eoaim 
assignes. He ascribes all the quiet- 
ness and rest of his old age wholly to 
your clemency ; omnera autera tran- 
quillitatem et quieteiu senectutis ejus 
penitus clementiaej tuae refert; Cic. And 
so, in general, is used ; aliquid alicui 
acceptum referre. But if they ascribed 
oi' attributed this to us disdainfully ; 
si vero id nobis insolenter impingerent ; 
Cic. They ascribe the invention of 
those things to themselves ; horura in- 
ventionem referunt, derivant, ad, vel, 
in se. 

H ASHAMED ; confusus, pudefactus, 
pudore sufFusus. 

To make Ashamed ; pudefacere, 
pudore afficere, confundere, pudorem 
alicui incutere, pudore aliquera suiFun- 
dere ; in ruborem dare, cogere ; pudo- 
rem, ruborem, alicui injicere; igno- 
rainia, dedecore, aliquera notare, sensu 
dedecoris afficere. 

J am Ashamed; pudet me. 

I am /m<^ Ashamed ; suppudet me. 

To be Ashamed j verecundari, eru- 
bere, erubescere, pudere, pudefieri ; 
confundi. Vehementer, ingenue, rao- 
deste, erubescere, verecundari ; inge- 
nuitatis speciem prse se ferre ; consci- 
entia facinoris commoveri ad verecun- 
diam ; pudorem, ruborem, contrahere ; 
rubore, pudore, affici, suflFundi, affundi ; 
modestia circumfundi ; vultum puden- 
ter, pudibunde demittere. 

I am Ashamed that I did so ; pu- 
det me facti istius. He was Ashamed 
to come in your sight ; erubuit ora ves- 
tra ; Cic. / am ashamed to go to them ; 



ire ad illos erubesco ; Sen. He w a- 
shamed of his condition ; jerubescit for- 
tunae suae ; Curt. / am ashamed to 
speak it ; erubesco loqui. I am ashamed 
of thee; pudet me tui ; Cic. Are 
you not ashamed ? ecquid te pudet ? 
Ter. They are not at all ashamed j 
nihil pudet ; Ter. / shall be ashamed 
to tell it ; me hoc dicere pudebit ; Cic. 
/ am ashamed to tell you ; pudor est 
mihi dicere ; Ovid, vereor dicere ; Ter. 
They are not ashamed ; non verentur ; 
Ter. He may be ashamed ; habeat pu- 
dorem ; Ter. Be not ashamed to love 
knowlege, goodness, virtue, S^c. ; ne 
sit scientiap, virtutis, probitatis, &c. 
Amor tibi pudori ; Hor. Ashamed to 
look so unliandsomly ; pudefactus oris 
deformitate ; Gell. . / am ashamed to 
have such a trick put upon me; dispu- 
det sic mihi data esse verba ; Ter. He 
is ashamed of that ; pudet eum hujus 
rei, et pudet eum hoc. Those are crimes 
to be ashamed of; crimina base sunt 
erubescenda. Conscience makes some 
so ashamed, that— ; nonnullos pius 
quidam pudor hue adegit, ut — . I am 
so ashamed that I know net how to 
look him, in the face ; quo ego ore com- 
pellabo hominem, nescio. He was so 
ashamed that he blushed as red as fire; 
— niveos infecit purpura vultus,' per li- 
quidas succensa genas — . So that I was 
hshamed to take in secret what /shamed 
not to beg openly ; adeo ut clam eru- 
bescam accipere, quod palam raendi- 
care non erubui. It would make not 
the writer only but the paper ashamed 
and blush ; non scriptorem modo, sed 
ipsas quoque chartas erubescere oppor- 
tebat. ^ The maiden blush did show 

he was ashamed ; purpurat ora 


ASHORE ; in littore ; in tellure. To 
come ashore ; terra potiri. 

ASIDE, or apart ; seorsira, separa- 

- Aside, or aside-Zong*; oblique, a 

To call Aside ; sevocare. 

To lay Aside ; deponere. 

To cast or throw Aside ; abjicere. 

To go Aside ; secedere. He looks 
aside proudly ; visus superbos obliquat, 
aspecium contorquet. Come aside 
hither ; secede hue ; Ter. To turn 
aside, or go out of the way ; secedere 
de via; Plaut. To go aside into a 
place ; secedere in locum aiiquem. To 



lay aside, or lay by, money to build 
with ; seponere pecuniam in aedifica- 
tionem. To set aside or reserve time 
to himself to do a thing ; seponere sibi 
tenipus ad rem aliquara. 

To lay Aside arms, cares, studies, 
offices, ^c. ; anna, curas, studia, offi- 
cia, &c. deponere. To lay aside a 
book out of one's hands ; deponere li- 
brura de manibus ; Cic. To lay aside 
his wildness; ingeniura sylvestre depo- 
nere. To lay aside, or put money into 
a common stock; deponere pecuniam 
in fidem publicam. To lay aside some- 
what of his inconstancy or lightness ; 
de levitate pristina aliquid deponere ; 
Cic. To lay aside his authority ; de- 
ponere imperium. To lay aside trifles, 
or to trifieno more; deponere ineptias ; 
Cic. To lay aside, or to put any thing 
out of one's memory or remembrance ; 
memoriam alicujus, memoria, ex me- 
moria, aliquid deponere. To lay aside, 
or put off his shoes; deponere soleas; 
JVlart. To lay aside his good will or 
affection towards one; voluntatem, 
benevolentiam, erga aliquem deponere; 
Cic. He commanded to draw them 
aside or apart ; illos alterum ab altero 
separari jussit. 

To ASK ; interrogare, quaerere, ro- 
gare, scrutari, exquirere ; expiscari, re- 
quirere, percontari, sciscitari, perscru- 
lari, exigere. Crebris solicitisque in- 
terrogationibus urgere. Anxie, curiose, 
sigillalim quaerere. 

To Ask, or desire ; rogare, petere. 

To A.S.K boldly, or to demand ; pos- 

To Ask importunately ; eflBagitare. 

To Ask so as to obtain ; impetrare. 

To Ask the price ; licitari. 

To Ask a pi^ice, as the seller doth ; 
indicare : as, How mu^h do you ask 
for it ? quanli indicas ? 

To Ask alms ; emendicare stipem. 
To ask for God's sake ; vehementer ob- 
testari. To ask after one ; requirere. 

Ask and have ; quicquid rogaveris, 
oraveris, optaveris, petiveris, exorabis, 
irapetrabis; potieris voto, tuum est. 
Wihil tanti est quod tuis precibus non 
sit vilius, levius, minus, inferius. Fa- 
ciam ego te compotem voti, quodcun- 
que id sit. — Quod vis pete munus, et 
illud me tribuente feres. xElige mutius, 
ait, nuUara paliere repulsam. Elige — - 
quid optes ; optatis potiere tuis. Tuus, 
O regina, quid optes explorare, labor ; 


mihi jussa capessere fas est. EligC 
quid voveas ; sint tua voce licet secura 
repulsae. En age, quid cessas ? annuit 
ille, roga. Annuet — quodcunque ro- 
gabis. Cape, quod optas. 

A man may Ask ;' roget quis ; Ter. 
We may ask what it is ; rogemus sal- 
tern quid sit ; Ter. / ask you who I 
am ; qui sura te interrogo ; Ter. 

To Ask earnestly ; flagitare, efflagi- 
tare, perpetere, etiam atque etiam pe- 
tere vel rogare. To ask, require, or de- 
mand ; rogare, petere, interrogare, pos- 
cere, exposcere, postularc/ expetere, 
quaerere, exquirere, orare. / have 
something to ask you ; est quod te 
rogem ; Ter. Are you also so mad as 
to ask me that ? num tu quoque etiam 
insanis, quae me id interrogas ? Piaut. 
Tell me what he asks ; cedo quid pos- 
tulat ; Ter. He asked from whence 
that letter came ; quaesivit unde esset 
epistola ; Cic. 

To Ask privily ; suppetere. 

To Ask again ; reposcere, repetere, 
repostulare, condicare. 

To Ask diligently ; percontari, per- 
quirere, quaeritare, exquirere. 

To Ask humbly ; petere, supplicare j 

To Ask that which is due; reposcere, 

To Ask often ; rogitare, requiritare, 
repetere. He often asks what a man 
he was ; rogitat, qui vir esset ; Liv. To 
ask and sue for an office against an- 
other ; competo. To ask forgiveness 
of God; poscereDeuraveniam. They 
ask them the news ; quas res cogno- 
verint, quaerunt ; Cic. If any body 
ask for me; si quis me quaeret ; Plaut. 
Does he ask for me ? Men' quaerit ? 
Ter. If any one chance to ask for these 
beasts ; si forte armenta haec requiret 
aliquis; Ov. They ask for nothing ; 
nihil requirunt j Cic. It asks tlie more 
to maintain it ; eo plus requirit ad se 
tuendam ; Cic. Why do you ask that ? 
qui id exquiris tu? Plaut. Do you ask 
me that ? tu me id interrogas ? Plaut. 
As I was asking the porters whether 
any ship ivere come; dura percontor 
portitores ecqua navis venerat; Plaut. 
See what he asks ; vide quid postulet ; 
Ter. To ask for that again, which 
one luts given ; reposcere, quod dedis- 
ti ; Ter. / ask you forgiveness ; ve- 
niara peto, posco. You ask reason; 
aequum oras ; Plaut. If you ask my 
advice or opinion ; si i)ie consulas j 


Plant. When I could come and ask 
you ; cum haberem tui copiara ; A. 
Gell, To give faithful advice to him 
that asks it ; consilium fidele delibe- 
ranti dare ; Cic. He asked a hundred 
■sesterces for it ; id centum nuramis in- 
dicavit; Apul. He asks me thirty 
pounds for her ; me poscit pro ilia tri- 
ginta rainas ; PI. Shall I give him his 
asking, or what he asks for he:'? tanli, 
quanti poscit viri* emam illam ? Plant. 
Ask my fellow whether I be a thif^f; 
onines corapacto rem agunt. 

To Ask familiarly ; blande, familia- 
riter, concinne ; iterura et saapius, in- 
terrogare. What does he ask so soli- 
citously for ? quid tarn anxie quaerit 
iste ? To ask aid or help ; alicujus fi- 
deni et misericordiam iraplorare, expos- 
cere, exorare. Patronura aliquem sibi 
asciscere, Operaque raeara et prae- 
sens auxiiium iraplorabunt. Eorum 
raagis nos miseret, qui nostrara miseri- 
cordiam non requirunt, quam qui illam 
eiflagitant ; Cic. Tendit ad vos virgo 
vestalis manus supplices, eas quas pro 
▼obis diis iramortalibus tendere con- 
suevit. Ad meam fidem diu cognitam 
confugiunt. Ad me sicut ad certum 
asylum confugientes, &c. In miseri- 
cordiam alicujus confugere. 

To ASPIRE to; anhelare, anniti, 
ambitiose contendere ; captare munera 

To AspiftE to honor; honoH velifi- 
cari, honores ambire j honoris flagrare 
fame, ad honores contendere, tendere. 

To ASSAIL, ASSAULT j invadere, 
adoriri, aggredi, oppugnare, irruere, in- 
currere, invoiare, irrumpere, incessere, 
infestare. : 

To carry by Assault.; expugnare. 

An Assault in battle; impetus, in- 
cursus ; irruptio, oppugnatio, aggres- 
sio ; congressus,-us, m. 

The first AssAVhT; praeludium pug- 
nass, praelusio pugnas. 

To Assail or Assault the enemy ; 
hostes omni conatu adoriri, invadere, 
irapetere, aggredi. In hostes, in hos- 
tium aciem iinpressionem facere ; vi 
facta, omni impetu irruere, iucurrere, 
ingruere, irrumpere, insilire ; impetum, 
vim facere ; involare, concitato impetu 
ferri, inferri, inferre se^ equo effusis 
habenis se iramittere. In confertos hos- 
tes ruere. Medium agraen penetrare. 

Mcdiis Be immiscuit armis, — Den- 

foa fertur moritarus in hostes. , 



7*0 Assault or storm a town ; as- 
sultare moenibus. Scalis adbibitia mu" 
ros tra(nscendere, superare. Tormentis 
bellicis aperire muros, diruere, compla- 
nare : urbem apertam capere, invadere, 
diripere, incendere. Omnes admovere 
machinas, omni vi, summis viribus ira^ 
petum facere. Viara sibi vi, armis ad- 
itum patefacere, et in urbem captam 
ferro ac flammis grassari, saevire, ruere, 
rapere, delere, pessundare omnia. - 

To witlistand an Assault j hostes 
assultantes niuris propellere, pellere, 
repellere depellere ; moenibus propuU 
sare, facile a pinnis defender© ; ferventi 
oleo, saxis, telis reprimere. Hostium 
oppugnantium audaciam, impetus, vim 
frangere, opprimere ; conatus irrit05 

To Ass'AiL the enemy in close fight, 
or at near^ distance ; cominus cure 
hoste congredi. 

To make an Assavi^t with shield 
and spear; clypeo impetum facere et 

To Assault the enemy in the midst 
and thickest of their forces ; in medium 
legionis cursu concito se proripere ; in 
confertissimos hostes incurrere j Sal. 

To ASSEMBLE, cally or gather to- 
gether; convocare, congregate^ co» 
gere ; frequentare, corrogare. 

To be Assembled, or to eome toge- 
ther; convenire, congregariiCoire.cQn- 
fluere; accurrere, congredi, conglo- 
merari, convolitare. 

To Assemble the senate ; senatum 
cogere, senatum habere. To assemble 
an army ; exercitum conflare, militem 
conscribere. To assemble a congrega- 
tion; popttlum,multitudineni, inunum, 
in unum locum cogere, contrahere, 
compellere, congregare, aggregare, col- 
ligere, adducere, convocare, concire. 
Concilium, populi coetum, conventum, 
concionem convocare, celebrare, insti- 
tuere, Conventum, conventus, pera- 
gere, celebrare. Habere senatum, co- 
mi tia. Vocare ad concionem, ad con- 
cilium, muititudinem.-— Socios in coe- 
tum littore ab omni advocat, concili- 
umque vocat. Magna populi frequen- 
tia in unum coivit, convenit, congressa 
est, confluxit, convoJavit, coacta, con- 
grt^gata est. 

To dismiss an Assembly ; populum 
diraittere, raissura facerei^ conciiiuia^ 
conventum solvere. 



There was a great Assembly, or a 
world of people y there; concio erat ibi 

You are Assembled or come hither 
with good will and welcome to-day; 
et frequentes hodie convenistis et ala- 
cres. That aasemhly was flocked to by 
all sorts far and near ; corameantium 
frequentia multa celebrabatur conven- 
tus ille. 

To ASSENT, or agree to ; assentire, 
assentiri j astipulari j assensum prae- 

This was Assented to ; Imic as- 
sensum est, de hoc convenit. With 
one assent ; unanimiter, concorditer, 
(adv.) Uno ore, consensu, animo, una 
mente, pari Toto. 

To Assent or agree in opinion or 
judgment ; alterius opinioni, sententiae 
favere, acclaraare, astipulari, suffragan, 
subscribere, assentire, assentiri liben- 
ter ; calculum suura addere, adjicere. 
In alterius opinione, sententia acquies- 
CCTe. In sententiam alterius concedere, 
discedere, pedibus ire. Sententiam al- 
terius probare, approbare, comprobare, 
admittere, recipere, contirmare. Suam 
sententiam ascribere. Suum consen- 
sum testari. Alteri, ad alteram, ad 
alterius sententiam accedere. Alteri, 
cum altero concinere, consentire. Al- 
terius sententiam sua comprobare. 

ft is Assented and agreed to by all; 
omnium asseusu, sententia, testimonio, 
constitutum, concessum, comprobatum 
est. To yield or grant assent to any 
one in any thing ; assentiri aliquid ali- 
cui ; assentiri alicui de aliquo, sea in 
aliquo ; Cic. To whom they all assent- 
ed ; cui assensi sunt ad unum j Cic. 
/ assent wholly to your opinion ; valde 
tibi assentior; Cic. 

All antiquity Assents or agrees to 
this ; quin tota hie assenserit antiqui- 
tas. So that all the ancients give their 
assent ; adeo ut, si priscos illos videas 
patres, dense agraine a nobis omnes 
stant. And the poets also assent fo, 
or side and say with us ; atque suffra- 
gatur hie etiam poetarum chorus. / 
cannot assent to them^ nor be of their 
vdndy who, — ^c. ; non libet ab illis 
stare, qui — &c. It was assented to 
without contradiction, or so much as 
one negative voice; nullo prorsus recla- 
mante constitutum erat. 

To ASSERT or affirm ; asserere, as- 
feverare, affirraare. To assert coufl' 


dently ; asseverare firmissime ; omnt 
asseveratione affirmare ; pro comperto 
afferre ; Liv. Instare factum ; Ter. 

Neither to Assert nor to deny ; 
neque asserere seu affirmare, neq\ie ne- 
gare ; in medio aliquid relinquere ; 
Cic. Quod discrepat, in medio sit ; 
Suet. In medium relinquere ; Gell, 
Nihil statuere ; sed de hoc ut tu vide- 
ris ; viderint ista viri boni ; Cic. Nihil 
defmire ; tu viderisj tuum judicium 
esto ; Cic. 

To ASSESS; tril^utum imponere, 
erogare, taxare. 

To Assess /arww; censere praedia. 

To Assess high, or put a high tax 
on any thing ; taxare magni aliquid ; 

ASSIDUOUS, or diligent ; assiduus, 
industrius, diligens. 

Assiduity, or diligence, and indus- 
try ; assiduitas, diligentia, industria. 
Assiduity masters difficulty ; gutta ca- 
vat lapidem. Let us go as fast as 
we can; for assiduity and diligence 
in things commendable can never be 
blamed ; eamus quam celcrrime ; non 
potest enim — ^justa diligeutia unquara 
reprehendi. Virtuous men, who are 
assiduous and industrious, dare under- 
take great things, and are never fear- 
fid in any thing which they lawfully 
go about; boni viri subire labores — 
Audent, et nusquam in ulla re licita 
sunt timidi. For assiduity and induA- 
try (as they say) always procure good 
fame and fortune; labor enim (ut 
aiunt) bonaj fame et fortunae pater est. 
Persons of diligence and assiduity must 
labor and take pains, so long as they 
live ; for idleness and sloth cannot 
maintain one that intends to thrive in 
the world ; generos oportet, quoad vix- 
erint, laborare ; ignavia enim non alet 
frugalem vitam. Assiduity accomplishes 
things incredible ; assiduitas incredibi- 
lia praestat; aquilam 4estudo vincit; 
assidua stilla saxum excavat. Whoso- 
ever would live happily, must necessa- 
rily use assiduity in labor dnd indus- 
try ; for more are made virtuous by 
assiduous endeavors, than by nature; 
necessura est ut laborent, qui volant 
faeliciter agere ;— Plares studio boni 
sunt quam natura. All good things 
are increased to men by assiduous pains 
and labors ; for eager or earnest assi. 
duity and industry in labor and pains 
sunnount and overcome all difficult 

AS AS 83 

ttei ; bona per labores augentur ho- 
minibus. — Labor iraprobus omnia vin- 
cit i Virg. Never any one, so long as 
he shuns assiduity in labor and indus- 
try, and leads a slothful and idle life, 
can purchase any greatness in glory ; 
but labor and pains must be used ; for 
we greatly honor those excellent men, 
tcho by assiduous industry do perfect 
any excellent work; nullus est, qui 
dum molli vitae studet, — gloriam adep- 
tus sit ; sed laborandum est ; — praestan- 
tes enim et qui faciunt aliquid eximium, 
— honoramus. For all great achieve- 
ments are accomplished by assiduity ; 

omnia enira assiduitate conficiunturne- fowls; naturaavibus coeJum assignavit j 
golia. Yea, even God himself helps Plin. To assign or appoint a day, 
and assists the assiduous and diligent place, time, ^c. ; designare, praefinire 
person ; solet laborantem Deus pariter diem ; constituere, praestituere diem, 
adjuvare ; Id. ji voluptuous and idle- locum, tempus, &c. ; Cic. Prodicere 
life is good for nothing ; for you can- et prodere diem ; Cic. To assign 
not live happily without assiduity in bounds or limits; determinate limites ; 
labor and diligence ; voluptuosa autem Plant. To assign the difference between 

tines, non servas, nullum agnoscls ; im- 
moderate legis : non infra modum, sed 
supra modum sunt studia tua : nimiam 
te studiis dedisti : nimium in studiis ope- 
rae consumis : nimius es in studiis: 
usura studiorum minquam dimittis. 

To ASSIGN or appoint ; assignare, ' 
delegare, attribuere. To assign a place 
or seat to one; assignare locum alicui. 
To assign or appoint one to his charge, 
office, or duty ; assignare munus suum 
alicui. To set a thing in its assigned 
or appointed place ; assignare aliquid 
loco suo. Nature has given or assign- 
ed atid appointed the air to birds or 

nta, et mala timiditas, — nee doraui, 
nee victui quicquam prosunt — Hand 
poteris felix absque labore degere. It 
is a shameful thing for a young man to 

two things ; signare, assignare difFeren- 
tiara dnarum rerum ; Quint, pro assig- 
nare ; Cic. habet, annotare, adnotare 
et denotare. To assign or impute the 

refuse to labor and take pains ; and it cause of calamity to one ; calamitatis 

is excellent, decent, and c4fin£ly, for an causam alicui attribuere. To as^gn, 

old man to use assiduity and diligence give, or deliver, money to one ; pecuni- 

in the study of virtue and wisdom ; et am alicui attribuere, assignare. Nature 

juvenem laborare nolle, turpis res est ; hath assigned or given me this ; ho« 

— pulchrura est etiam senem sapientiae niihi natura tribuit, attribuit, assignavit. 

studere. It is easy for assiduity and This province was assigned to you ; 

diligence to undertake and compass any base provincia tibi assignata et addicta 

thing; assiduitati, quaelibet assequi, est. An annual pension was assigned 

datur. Assiduity in labor produces to him ; annuus suraptus l.uic decretus 

glory and fame ; labores generositatem est. 

pariunt. He must u^e much\dmty To ASSIST; assistere, assidere, 

in labor and pains, who would attain to adesse, opitulari, subsidium ferre, auxi- 

glory and praise ; rcultum oportet il- liari. Alicui succurrere, subvenire. 

lura laborare, qui gloriosara — laudem 
consequuturus est. All difficulties are 
overcome by assiduity and diligence; 
omnia diligentiae subjiciunlur. 

Too Assiduous in studies; i. e. 
over studiozis ; you are never from 
your books; assiduus nimium in stu- 
diis ; nunquam non legis, assidue, om- 
nibus horis, die noctuque, noclem cum 

auxiliari, patrocinari, opitulari, suppe- 
tias ferre ; manum auxiliarem, auxiliares 
manus porrigere ; consilio, auxilio, sub- 
sidio esse ; a consilio esse ; adesse, 
praesto esse, assistere, subsidio venire, 
auxilium, opera ferre, suppeditare ; 
praestare, praebere se propugnatorem, 
adjutorem, defensorem, patronum dare, 
praebere, profiteri. Aliquem propug- 

die legendo conjungis : heluo librorum nare ; ope, auxilio sublevare. 

es ; tua legendi nunquam sitis extingui- Assistance or help ; auxilium, sub- 

Inr, satiatur, expletur-: totus in studiis sidium. 

es ; Uteris omnino deditus es : nunquam He desires Assistance; suppetias 

studia intermittis : nunquam te sejungis invocat, implorat. 

a studiis libros de manibus nunquam de- To desire help, aid, or Assistance ; 

pouis : libros assidue in manibus babes, alicujus, ab aliquo auxilium, opera, &c. 

tractas, evolvis, lectitas, legendo conte- petere, quaerere, expetere, efflagitare, 

ris: njodum in studiis non tenes, non re- rogare, rogitare, poscere. Suppetias, 



auxilia vocare, invocare, advocare, im- 
plorare. Operam alicujus poscere. 
Quasi in portum, tanquani ad aram, ad 
asylum sunamis in periculis, ad aliquera, 
ad alicujus opem, fidera, preesidiura, 
auctoritatein ; in opem, in praesidium 
alicujus sicut in aram raagnis difficulta- 
tibus affecti, afflicti confugere. In re- 
bus perditis, afflictis, asperis, adversis, 
duris, lapsis alicujus fidera, praesidium 
rogare, magnopere implorare ; ad fidera, 
in fidera alicujus et clientelam se sup- 
plicera conferre. Maximam, omnem sa- 
lutis, dignitatis,.vit3e spem in alterius 
ope collocare, reponere. 

An Assistant ; socius, particeps 
laboris. Adjutor, auxiliator ; niutuam 
comraodans operam. 

For other phraseSf see Help. 

To ASSOCIATE ; associare, conso- 
ciare, jungere, adjungere, conjungere, 
societatem contrahere, inire, adjungere, 
applicare se ; assistere sibi socium. 
Cum aliquo societatem facere, inire ; 
se copulare, conjungere. Aliquem 3ibi 
adjungere, asciscere socium ; in soci- 
etatem suara admittere, assumere, as- 
cissere, ascribere. Anna, consilia con- 
sociare cum aliquo. Socium sibi lege- 
le, jungere. 

* To be Associated, or coupled and 
joined together; consociari, congregari. 

A}i Associate ; socius familiaris ; 
societate conjunctus ; sodalis ; in so- 
dalibus ejus est ; coutubernalis ; con- 
sors, conies periculorum, &c. Ex fami- 
liaribus ; in familiaribus ejus est ; per- 
farailiaris alicujus et alicui ; gregalis 
alicujus ; conjunctissimus raihi est usu, 
consuetudine, oflliciis ; Cic. Corapar ; 

The manners of familiar Associates 
are often alike ; sociorum mores saepe 
similes sunt •; talis quisque est, qualis, 
quibuscum quis est familiaris ; nosci- 
tur ex socio, qui non cognoscitur ex se. 

To be an Associate in calamitxj ; 
socium esse calamitatis ; eodem urgeri 
jugo ; in eodem jacere valetudinario. 

The company of bad Associates is 
very hurtful ; sodalitium pravura ad- 
raodum est noxium; afl'ricat morum 
luorum scabiem convictor impurus ; 
claudo vicinus claudicare discis. Ma- 
lorum coramercio reddimur deteriores. 

To Associate with profligate per- 
sons ; in perditissima juvenum colluvi- 
one versari. 


He is an Associate of the same so- 
ciety ; societatis est ejusdem ; de grc 
ge illo est j ejusdem farinae ; ejusdem 
Slusae aemulus ; in eodem luto haesitat. 

An unequal Association ; societas 
inasqualis ; leonina socieias ; vulpium 
cum leonibus congregatio ; commer- 
cium cum virtute non habet voluptas ; 

To be Associated with any one; 
sociari cum aliquo. Consociari cum 
aliquo. Societatem cum aliquo conflare, 
inire, jungere, conjungere, copulare, 
coire, facere, habere. Ascribere se 
alicui socium. Venire in societatem. 
Venire, intrare, recipi in farailiarita- 
tem ; contrahere familiaritatem ; ap- 
plicare se ad familiaritatem ; darese in 
familiaritatem, consuetudinem ; ut, De- 
dere se 'penitus in familiaritatem. In 
consuetudinem alicujus se iramergere ; 
colligare se cum multis ; facere hospi- 
tium cum aliquo ; Cic. Facere amici- 
tiam et societatem. Jungi societati 
alicui ; assumere in societatem j pan- 
gere cum aliquo societatem ; Liv. Con- 
gregare se cum aliquo ^ Cic. Contu- 
bernium philosophi inire ; Suet. Com- 
ponere societatem cum ; Salust. Ac- 
cedere ad societatem ; Ter. Conflare 
familiaritatem ; Ter. 

To ASSUME or take to himself; 
assumere, arrogare, sibi ; in se trans- 

An Assumption j assumptio, arro- 

An Assumpsit ; i. e. promise; pac- 
tum, promissio, sponsio. Pro, assu- 
mere ; Cic. Habet, asciscere sibi. 
Sumere secum ; lAv. Secum rapere, 
agere, ferre, ducere ; Virg. 

To Assume or arrogate something 
to oneself; arrogare aliquid sibi. 

To Assume or attribute some rare 
title to oneself ; arrogare sibi nomen 

To ASSURE ; certum reddere. Fir- 
mare, confirmare. 

To Assure a person by promise; 
fide interposita polliceri. 

To Assure by bare relation; cer- 
tiorem facere, fidenter afiirmare, asseve- 

To AssvB.^ himself, i. e. to be as- 
sured ; apud se staluere, persuasum 

An Assurance ; cautio, pignus, 
confirmatio, securitas, fides data, cau- 


tela ; stabiliraentum ; certioratio. A 
ftlender assurance ; infirma cautio. Full 
assurance ; cautio plena. 

To give Assurance j satis dare, va- 
dimoniuni prsestare. 

To take sufficient Assurance ; sa- 
tis accipere. 

/ do Assure myself; certo scio. 
Assure yourself; sic habeto ; Cic. Be 
assured of this; crede hoc ; Ter. / 
assure, or do assure you ; tibi confirmo, 
omni asseveratione affirrao ; Cic. 

To AsstjRE one of, — Sfc. ; securum 
reddere, confirmare aliquem, de — &c. 
Certo aliquid alicui poiliceri ; aliquem 
persuasissimum dimittere. 

Assure yourself I will never fail 
you nor leave you ; nunquam tibi de- 
e»o ; a me omnia in te studia atque of- 
ficia, quae quidera ego praestare potero, 
velini expectes : mea omnia studia at- 
que officia polliceor, praesto tibi sem- 
per fore me velira existimes planeque 
tibi persuadeas, si quid valebo, valebo 
tibi : hoc editura ex oraculo puta, hoc 
tibi confirmo, ac re praestabo, nullum 
me studii genus apt officii, quod ad 
rem tuam sit, pertineat, quod ad rem, 
laudem, dignitatem tuam valere videa- 
tur, ullo esse loco prajtermissurum. 

£e Assured thou art loved; certo 
scias te amari : sic habeto ilium nemini 
concedere, qui te magis ex animo dili- 
gat : te illi neminera esse chariorem : 
neminem illo esse ad amandum propen- 
siorem : singiilarem illius esse in te be- 
nevolentiam : summam in illo esse ad 
te amandum propensionem animi, ve- 
lim sic habeas, pro certo habeas, plane 
credas, tibi persuadeas, prorsus animum 
inducas, in animum inducas, cum ani- 
mo tuo constituas, pro certo habeas, 
pro explorato, pro comperto, or^culi 
loco, ut minime dubites, minime dubi- 
tanter credas, persuasum atque fixura 
in animo tuo sit, velim ita credas pror- 
sus, ut minime dubites, ut dubitatio 
tibi nulla relinquatur, supersit, reliqua 
sit, credas mihi itid.em, ut oraculis cre- 
deres, hoc mihi ita credas, ut editum ex 
waculis pules. 

To ASSUAGE ; miligare, deraiti- 
gare, sedare, placare, complacare ; le- 
nire, mulcere, commulcere ; pacare, 
compescere, mollire, le^are, allevare, 
elevare, relevare, minuere, imminuere, 

To Assuage or be assuaged after 
swelling ; deturgere, detumere. 



Time Assuages gri^; dies lenit 
dolorera j doloris vis cum tempore lan- 
guescit. Tlie sorrow begins to as- 
suage ; dat intervalla, et relaxat se do- 
lor. That the fierceness of the king 
might assuage ; ut impetus regis relan- 
guescat. The fever is assuaged ; fe- 
bris conquiescit. Thirst assuaged ; si- 
tis relevata. 

To ASTONISH ; stupefacere, ob- 
stupefacere, exanimare ; terrere, con- 
terrere, exterrere ; terrefacere, perterre- 
facere, pavefacere, perpavefacere ; at- 
tonare ; conturbare, constemare, cora- 
pungere, obtundere, confundere. 

To be Astonished ; stupere, obstu- 
pere, stupescere, obstupescere, stupe- 
fieri, torpere, torpescere, pavere, paves- 
cere, expavere, expavescere, horrere, 
trepidare> confundi, contremere, con- 
ticescere, exanimari, conterreri,contur- 
bari, perturbari, constemari, terrerij 

To Astonish exceedingly; procel- 
lere. Conturbare magnopere. Sus- 
pensum, stupid um, attonitum, exani- 
matum reddere. De statu mentis di- 
movere, dejicere j stupore, torpore op- 
primere, percellere. Haec nos attonitos 

They were Astonished in their 
minds ; obtorpuerunt animi. He was 
astonished at the sight; aspectu obmu- 

To be AnToyisH^j) exceedingly ; ob- 
stupescere. Admiratione, rei novitate, 
gravitate perculsus, attonitus, suspen- 
sus, obstupefactus, exanimatus ; extra 
se positus, constematus ; stupore op- 
pressus, perculsus j in exstasim quan- 
dara raptus, conjectus obstupuit ; apud 
se non fuit, excidit sibi, mente concidit. 
Animo vehementer perturbato. Nee 
mente, nee lingua, nee ore consistere. 
Animus atroci^simaj rei cogitatione cou- 
fusus. Obstivpui, subitusque comas 
erexerat horror. Obstupui, stetenint- 
que comae, et vox faucibus haesit. Non 
aliter stupui, quam qui Jovis ignibus 
ictus^ Vivit, at est vitae nescius ipse 
suae. Talibus attonitus visis. Mentes 
perculsae stiipent. — Gelidus cui pectore 
manat Sudor, et e subito membra stu- 
pore pavent. — Ad auditas stupuit ceii 
saxea voces ; Attonitajque diu similis 
stetit. — Duroque simillima saxo torpet. 
Ilia nihil ; neque enim vocem viresque 
loquendi, Aut aliquid toto pectore men- 
tb habet. Magnis exuerrita roonstris, 




Diriguit visu in medio, &c. Virg. Mn. 

He stood Astonished at his bro- 
ther's sight; fratris aspectu stnpefactns 

Thexj stood Astonished and amazed 
in their minds ; attonitis ha>sere ani- 
mis. Astonished with a sndden blow ; 
subito sopitus ictu. Astonished with 
the strangeness of the thing ; rei novi- 
tate perculsus, percitus. 

To go ASTRAY ; vagari, divagari ; 
deerrare, errare ; palare ; a cursu recto 
divertere ; vaiiis erroribus duci. 

To go Astray very much; errare 
valde ; errare toto ccelo ; errare tota 
regione ; longe avius a recta via, a 
vera ratione, vagaris j procul avius er- 

3Ian is subject to go Astray ; er- 
rare humanum est ; cuique mortaliura 
suus attributus est error. You are far 
astray or out of the way ; longe crras j 

ASUNDER; seorsim, separatim, 
separate, sigillatini, segregatim, se- 
juncte, disjuncte, distincte, disperse, 
discrete, abinvicem ; adv. ab invicem. 

To cut Asunder ; dissecare. 

To pull Asunder ; separare, sejun- 
gerc, dissolvere. 

AT ; ad, apud ; in, tvith an abl. ; de, 
penes, sub, inter, super, pro. 

At, of time, price, instrument, tnan- 
ner, or cause, is a sigti commonly of 
the abl.: as, At that time; eo tem- 
pore. At a small charge ; ])Hrvo4 At 
a large rate ; profusis sumptibus. To 
play at ball, bowls; ludere pila, glo- 
bis. At first sight ; primo aspectu. 
At one blow ; uno ictu. At one's cotn- 
viand or entreaty ; jussu, rogatu. At 
a word; verbo. At my "peril; meo 
pcriculo. At your pleasure ; tuo arbi- 

I. At, relating to time or occasion, 
is rendered by ad and sub, or an abla- 
tive case of the substantive that it is 
joined with, sometimes without, some- 
times ivith, a preposition : as. 

We will depart At the day ap- 
pointed; ad conslitutuju diem decede- 
mus : Cic. At the name of Thisbe he 
looked up ; ad nomen Thisbes oculos 
erexit ; Ovid. At the coming of the 
Roman prcetor, Hannibal quitted the 
country of Nolo ; sub adventum prae- 
toris Roraani Poenus agro Nolano exces- 
sit J Liv, At sun-set they gave over ; 


sub occasum solis destiterunt ; Caes. 
At that time he held the chief com^ 
mand ; eo tempore principatum obti- 
nebat ; Caes. He went away at break 
of day ; cum dilnculo abiit; Plaut. 
When he did not furnish or bHng in 
the corn which he owed at the time (tp- 
pointed ; quando iile fruurentuni, quod 
debebat, ad diem non dedit ; Cic. At 
those things the soldiers raised a shout ; 
ad haec, consentiensreddebatur militum 
clamor ; Liv. Who at break of day 
entered the town through the open 
gates ; qui, sub lueem, apertis portis 
urbis ingrederentur ; Liv. He at the 
first appearance of light car/te to Pom- 
ponius's house; is, cum prima luct, 
Fomponii donmm venit ; Cic. The 
Helvetians were much moved at his 
sudden approach; Helvetii, repentino 
ejus adventu, commoti ; Cffis. At the 
very name of Hector I always trem- 
bled ; nomine in liectoreo pallida sem- 
per eram ; Ovid. 

II. At, referring to something said 
or done during some other thing or 
action, is rendered by in, inter, and 
super : as. 

No longer since than yesterday At 
the feast ; vel heri in convivio ; Ter. 
Had this befallen you at supper-time ; 
si hoc tibi inter cffinam accidisset. 
His wickedness icas the common talk 
cf all at supper ; de hujus nequitia in 
comnmne omnes super cosnam loque- 
bantnr ; Plin. His friends were 
ashamed that afather-iu-lat& should be 
chosen amongst the captives, at his 
wine ayid banquetting ; pudebat aniicos, 
super vinum et epulas, socerura ex 
deditis esse electum ; Curt. 

III. At, relating to rate or value, is 
rendered by the ablative case of the word 
expressing that rate or value : as, 

He lives At great expense ; profu- 
sis sumptibus vivit ; Quint. They 
were provided at a small charge ; par- 
vo curata sunt ; Cic. 

But if the Latin substantive be not 
expressed, then may the adjective, after 
7.-er6s 0/ valuing rtwri esteeming, ^f. be 
of the genitive case : as, 

They hold ceriain floors At a great 
rate ; areas quasdam raag;n aestimant ; 
Cic. He sold the very same grain or 
corn twice, and that nut at one and the 
same, but at double pjxce ; bis, nequo 
uno, sed duobus preciis, unum et idem 
frumentura veudidit : Cic. Wheh 


^ain wds sold at the price of tico or 
three sestertia, or sesterces ; cum esset 
fruraentuin sesterliis binis aut ternis ; 
Cic. / had heard also that which you 
iorote, at ivhat price gardens were let 
out 01' sold; de hortis, quanti licuisse 
tu scribis, id ego quoque audieram ; 

IV. At, before a toorid of place, and 
•signifying in, or within, is rendered by 
in: as, At school; at4:hurch; at Caje- 
4a; in schola ; in templo ; in Cajeta, 

Note !>, At signifying in^ before the 
proper name of a placQ of the first or 
second declension ^ is tisually rendered 
hy the genitive case : a*, 

What shall I do At Rome? quid 
Romee I'aciami Juven. She dwelt at 
Rhodes ; ea habitabat Rhodi; Ter. 

Note 2. At before the proper name 
^f a place, either of the third declension, 
or wanting tfie singular number, is 
rendered by the ablatvce case: as, 

He said that Sextus had been At 
Carthage with only one legion ; Sex- 
•tuin autera nunciavit cum una solum 
JegionefuisseCarthagine^ Cic Tliere 
•are now no oracles spoken at Delphos; 
jam oracula Delphis non redduntur ; 
Gic. At home or in the house, he by 
himself may learn these tidngs which 
shall be prescribed to him; but at 
school those things also which are pre- 
scribed to others ; domi, ea solus dis- 
cere potestf quae ipsi preecipientur ; in 
scfaola, etiara quai aliis ; Quintil. He 
received two letters from you, dated at 
Corcyra; binas a te accepit literas 
<Jgfcjt8b datas; Cic.' WheK he had 
hetu'd that Pompey was seen at Cy- 
prus ; cum audisset Porapeium Cypri 
visum ; Ca^s. He had secretly a 'wife 
at Lemnus ; clam habebat Lemni uxo- 
yem ; Ter. 

Yet here it is to be obsei'ved, that 
these genitives are governed by some 
word understood, though not ex- 
pressed: viz. urbe, oppido, or insula ; 
whence Cicero ad Alt. v. 18. Cassius 
in oppido Antiochia; cum omni exer- 

At Lacedamon is the most honora- 
ble retirement for old age ; Lacedae- 
JiKMie honestissimum est praesidium se- 
nectutis ; Cic. And now bread is 
hegged at Carthage after it was onee 
laid desolate ; et mendicatus victa Car- 
thagine panis ; Juv. And now^ my 
son^ you must needs be well instructed 



in the precepts and directions of philo- 
sophy, after you have been a whole 
year a disciple of Cratippus; and that 
at Athens ; te, mi fili, annum jam au- 
dientem Cratippura, idque Athenis, 
abundare oportet praeceptis institutisqu« 
philosophia3 ; Cic. Unto whom they 
willingly betook themselves while he 
lived at Cures, a city of the Sabines ; 
quem Curibus Sabinis agentera ultro 
petivere ; Flor. 

Note 3. At, in this sense, is some- 
times the English of sni and apud : as. 

The which thing she had done. At 
Troy, for her beloved Argives ; quod 
ad Trojam pro charis gesserat Argis; 
Virg. / was at Corinth ; fui ad Co- 
rinihum ; Cic. He being ignorant of 
all that was done at Chins; ignarus 
•omnium quae ad CW*im acta erant, &c. j 
Curt. When he had been at the town, 
he did hear — ; ad urbcm cum esset, 
audivit — 5 Cic, At the market, Da- 
<vus just now told me ; apud forum, 
modo e Davo audivi ; Ter. I reviewed 
the army at Iconium ; exercitura lus- 
travi apud Iconium ; Cic. He is at 
the village ; apud villam est ; Ter. 

V. At, before a word of place sigm- 
fying near, uigh, or close by, is ren- 
dered by ad and apud^ ajid sometimes 
by pro : as also by a and ah : as. 

He commands the bridge At Geneva 
to be broke7i down ; pontem, qui erat 
ad Genevarti, jubet rescindi ; Caes. 
There were three hundred and six slain 
at Cremera; Caesi apud Cremeram tre- 
centi et sex ; Flor. At the door ; pro 
fori bus ; Suet, ad fores ; Plant, ob os- 
tio ; Id. They begged that those that 
were taken at tlie ri}>er GranicuSf 
should be restored back to them ; p'ete- 
bant ut capti, apud Granicum amnem 
redderentur sibi ; Curt. They place 
watches at the gates ; custodes ad por. 
tas ponunt; Liv. Amiibal encamp^s 
at CanJKB ; Annibal ad Cannas sedet ; 
Liv. You see military guards at all 
the temples ; praesidia pro templis om- 
nibus cernitis ; Cic. / heard all these 
things at the door ; omnia ego isthaec 
auscultavi ab ostio ; Plaut. 

VI. At, before home or house, is 
rendered by domi, or apud with the 
accusative case of the possessor of the 
house : as, / shaU be at home-; domi 
ero ; Ter. He was brought up at his 
house; qui istius domi erat educatus'; 
Cic, You were therefore that night 



at LecccHs Jiouse ; fuisti igitur apud 
Leccam ea nocte ; Cic. Now they 
please me at home ; nunc me oblectant 
dorai ; Cic. Where is he, I pray youl 
with me at hom£ ; ubinara es>t quajso ? 
apud me domi ; Tor. Pompeius re- 
quested me to he with him, and at his 
house every day ; Pompeius a me petiit, 
ut secum, et apud se quotidie essem j 

VII. At, signifying in, w near, and 
applied to some particular part, or 
point of place, or time, is rendered by 
in : as, I liked it at the very first ; 

jam in principio id milii placebat ; 
Plaut. My consulship ts now at an 
end; in exitu estjam meus consulatus; 
Cic. The memory lies at the bottom 
of the ear ; est in aure ima memorise 
locus ; Plin. Th4<e things I wrote to 
you at the very beginning; haec tibi, 
in ipso ingressu scripsi ; Plin. Why 
do we so unhandsomely stumble at the 
very threshold ? cur indecores in limine 
primo deficimus ? Virg. 

VIII. At, when presence at any 
action or thing is implied, is rendered 
by intersum, either with a dative, or 
an ablative case with in : as, 

He teas At that discourse; ei ser- 
moni interfuit ; Cic. He was at the 
feast; in convivio interfuit; Cic. It 
is not to be believed how unhandsomely 
I seemed to myself to act when I was 
present at the transacting of those af- 
fairs; incredibile est quam turpiter 
mihi facere videar, qui his rebus inler- 
sim ; Cic. 

IX. At, referring to the moving 
cause, command, entreaty, &c. is ren- 
dered by the ablative case of the cause, 
&c. : as, It is at the command of Jove 
that I come ; jussu Jovis venio ; Plaut. 
Amph. When at Sestius's entreaty I 
had been at his house ; cum Sestii ro- 
gatu apud eum fuissem ; Cic. You 
married her at mij instance ; impulsu 
duxjsti meo ; 'Jer. / urn sometimes 

forced to defend those men who have 
not deserved much from me, at the re- 
quest or entreaty of those who are my 
special friends ; cogor nonnunquam, 
homines non optime de me meritos, 
rogatu eorum, qui bene meriti sunt, 
defendere ; Cic. 

X. At, joined with a verbal in ing, 
if it may be varied by a verb with 
when, or after that, is rendered by a 


Latin verb with cum or ubi: or an 
ablative case absolute : asy 

At my first beginning to act it; 
cum prinium eam agere ctEpi ; Ter. 
At the first appearing of Ctesar ; Cae- 
sar ubi prinuim illuxit; Cws. Are 
you afraid to do it at my bidding '! nura 
dubitas id me imperante facere ? Cic. 
At the first appearing of light they 
betook themselves to their own forces ; 
fearing lest they shoidd he environed 
or compassed about at the wing of the 
army ; cum appareret lux, veriti ne ab 
latere circumvenirentur, se ad suos re- 
ceperunt ; Cas. At his speaking, or 
after he had said these things; haec 
ubi dicta dedit ; Virg. At the report 
of that, the Gauls immediately fled ; 
fit protiuus, hac re audita, GaDorum 
fuga ; Cais. 

XI. At, put for according to, h^ore 
will, or pleasure, &c. is rendered by ad, 
or an ablative case : as, 

At the will and pleasure of God are 
all things ordered; nutu et arbitrio 
Dei omnia reguntur ; Cic. Not for 
the favor of the fairest and most noble 
ladies, at whose pleasure and favor he 
had been prat or or magistrate for three 
years; ne raulierum nobilium et for- 
mosarum gratia, quarura isle arbitrio 
prajturam per triennium gesserat ; Cic. 
But more forces coming in, they did 
at their pleasure dissipate and scatter 
all the troops ; singulas autem cohortes, 
plures adortae copise, ad arbitrium cfcis- 
sipavere; Flor. 

XII. At, when it only serves to 
make up the sense of the foregoing 
word, lias nothing more tlian the Latin 
of the foregoing word for it : as, 

And now he is angry At you for 
that ; et is nunc propterea tibi succen- 
set ; Ter. We are deservedly laughed 
at ; jure optimo irridemur ; Cic, 
Hard to be come at ; aditu difficilis j 

Some other phrases added to the for* 

I will begin Ax Romulus ; incipianj 
a Romulo ; Cic. Do you take him 
at bis wordl credis huic quod dicat? 
Ter. At present ; in present! ; in 
praesentia, impraesentiarum ; Cic. At 
hand ; ad manum ; Liv. praesto ; Ter. 
If you be at leisure; si vacat ; Juv. si 
vacas ; Cic. At every tvord the tears 
fall; iachrymse in singula verba cadunt ; 


Orid. He found him just at tcork ; 
virum in ipso opere deprehendit ; Flor. 
At a venture; in incertum ; Liv. At 
fke first sight; primo aspectu ; Sen. 
At the gate; ante januani ; Ter. At 
fny, your, his peril ; periculo meo, tuo, 
suo, hiijns ; Plaut. Cic. Ter. The 
knave was ^t a stand ; hajrebat nebulo, 
quo se verteret non habebat ; Cic. At 
the most; suimnum 5 Liv. ad sura- 
mum ; Cic. plurimum ; Plin. At all; 
omnino, prorsusj Cic. At last; ad 
ultimum ; Liv. ad extremum ; Cic. 
At length; aliquando, tandem; deni- 
que, demura ; Cic. At the least ; mi- 
nimum; Var. minima; Col. Aikast; 
saltern ; quidem, ce.rte ; Cic. At once ; 
simul ; Plaut. semel ; Quint. Tlietj 
are at odds ; inter se dissident ; Cic. 
At the beginning ; inter inilia ; Plaut. 
To be Sit pains and expense ; impendere 
laborem et sumptum ; Cic. He is 
perfumed at my expense ; olet unguen- 
t« de meo ; Ter. As if their honor 
lay at stake ; quasi suus lionos agatur ; 
Cic. To love at otie's heart; amare 
«»« animo ; Cic. You were never at 
sea ; nunquam es ingressus mare ; Ter. 
Nor was aU quiet at sea ; nee ab oce- 
ano quies ; Flor. Good at a dart ; 
jaculo bonus ; Virg. Wlien he heard 
what it was at — ; audito precio — ; 
Plin. / say that is done at Cartilage; 
ego aio hoc fieri "Carthagini ; Plaut. 
■GetuUcus writes that Lentulus was 
horn at Tibur ; Leululura Getulicus 
Tibure gcnitum scribit ; Suet, The 
garrison, or military guard of soldiers y 
is neglected, or slighted at Anxur; 
neglectum Anxuri prassidium ; Liv. 
Carthagini, Tiburi, and Anxuri, areab- 
iative cases. See Famab. System. 
Gramm, p. 85. And so we v^e also 
■run or rure, in the ablative : as, 

At my faUter's country -dwelling, 
/)r country-house, I may have a little 
bread to eat ; rure paterno— Est mihi 
■far modicum ; Pers. To reside or 
dwell at a country-house, or in the 
country; riiri h^bitare ; Cic, / am 
at my country-house or dwelling, or 
in the country, Sfc; sum ruri ; Cic. 
Whom I think indeed to be at his 
tountry^house or dwelling; quern equi- 
dem rure suo esse arbitroT ; Cic. At 
Troy ; ad Trojam. At the market ; 
^pud forum. At the beginning; in 
principio. At church ; in templo. At 



the feast ; in convivio. At midnigfU ; 
de media nocte. At your liouse; pe- 
nes vos, apud vos. At supper-time ; 
inter ccenam, vel super coenara. At 
sun-set; sub occasura solis. At the 
door; pro foribus, ante ostium. At 
any time or ever; unquam. At no 
time or never; nunquam, necquando. 
Lest 2it tiny time ; nequando. At that 
time; turn, tunc, tunc temporis. At 
hand; prsesto, prompte, in promptu, 
prope, sub manu, numerato, cominus ; 
adv. ad manum. At leisure ; per oli- 
um : as. Per otium scribara ; I will 
write at leisure. At the last, or at 
length; tandem, demum, postreino, 
postremum, denique ; in posterum, ad 
posterum, novissime ; adv. At least ; 
saltern, tandem, minimum, ad mini- 
mum. At most ; ad summura, sum- 
muip, plurimum. He went away at 
break of day ; cum diluculo abiit. If 
I may not enjoy a good commoniceallh, 
at least I will be without a bad one; 
si mihi respublica bona frui non lice- 
bit, at, carebo mala. We were two 
hundred of us at least; fuimus omnino 
ad ducentos. At first ; in principio, 
inter initia. At supper; inter, super 
coenam. At first dash; in limine. 
Just at icork ; in ipso opere. At the 
end of two days ; post duos dies. 7/"at 
any time ; siquando. At one time or 
other; aliquando. At first; primum. 
At once ; simul, pariter, simul etsemel, 
una atque eadem opera. At second, 
third time ; secunda, tertia vice. To 
do a thing at leisure ; otiose, per otiuui. 

At /or when, with a participle in 
ipg: as, At my bidding ; me jubente. 
At his first coming ; ubi primum 
advenit. At hearing this ; hac re au- 

At, of price ; by a genitive case of 
some adjectives: as. What do you set 
it at? quanti indicas ? At a great 
rate; magni. At more; pluris. At 
less; minoris. 

At, of instruments, sometimes implies 
skill, and is a sign of a genitive ca^e, 
as. Excellent at the harp; peritissimus 
iyrae. So with a gerund : as, Good at 
shooting ; peritus jaculandi. 

At, of manner, is expressed some- 
times by a preposition or advei b : as. At 
will and pleasure ; ad arbitrium, pro ar- 
bitrio. At heart ; ue. heartily ; ex 
animo. At my charge ; de meo. At 



all; omnino. At least; saltern. At 
a venture ; in incertum, teniere, forte, 
/ At, of place ; in, with an abl. : cw, 
At school ; in schola. At the top ; in 
summo. At the bottom ; in imo. At 
the further end ; in extrema parte. At 
the gate; ante januam. At the door ; 
pro, or prte foribus. At hand; ad 
manum, praesto, in promptu. At one's 
house; apud : a«, At my Iwuse ; apud 

At after verbs : as, To laugh at ; ir- 
rideo. To throw at ; peto. To come 
at ; adeo, assequor, with an accus. To 
be angry at one ; succenseo, witha dat. 
To begin at ; incipere a. To be at, or 
to be present at ; intersum, tvith a dat. 
To be at worJe, play* ^c. ; operor, ludo. 
To be at sea ; navigo. To be at study; 
incunibere studiis. To be at pains and 
charge ; laborem et sumptum irnpen- 
dere. To be at handr; appropinquare, 
instare. To be or lie at stake ; agitur 
de : as, My life is at stake ; agitur de 
capite nieo. To be at leisure ; vacare. 
lam at leisure ; vacat mihi. To be at 
a loss; in dubio esse. To be at a 
stand ; hferere. To be at odds ; dissi- 
dere. To set at one ; conciliare, redi- 
gere in gratiam. To be at a point ; 
propemodum consentire. 

To be At a word ; verbo expedire. 
To take one at his word ; accipere con- 
ditionera. ' 

To ACHIEVE; i^ e. to perform; 
conficere, consuraraare; patrare, per- 

An Achievement, or exploit; res 
gesta ; praeclarum facinus. 

Great Achievements; excellentex- 
ploits; res praeclare gestae; egregia 

To Achieve or accomplish a busi- 
ness ; absolvere negotium ; defungi ali- 
qua re ; ad exitum, ad summum per- 
ducere ; fastigium operi iniponere ; 
cursum conficere, emereri; Cic. Ac- 
cessit operi manus extrema ; id. Ad 
culnien perducere ; Liv. Consum- 
niare opus ; Plin. Imponere summam 
manum ; Sen. Profligare belluni, per- 
petrare ; Tac. Ad umbilicum dedu- 
cere ; non recedere sine corollario. 
Fabulae extremum actum addere ; cir- 
culum complere ; supremam manum 
addere ; colophonem addere ; apicem 

It is much more easy to hegin^ than 


to Achieve, absolve, perfect, or accom- 
plish, a business; incipere niulto est, 
quam impetrare, facilius ; Plaut. Not 
to achieve or accomplish what was well 
begun; non absolvere soleraniter caip- 
ta ; prfeclare caeptis miuime defungi ; 
cadere in cursu. 

To be ATTACHED to; alicui ad- 
hierere, inha;rere ; aiicujus partibus fa- 
vere ; ab aliquo stare ; in aliquid in- 

Attached to an opinion ; doctrinas 
vel sententiae favens. Too much at- 
tached to Pompey ; prolixior in Pora- 

To ATTACK ; invadere, corripere, 

An Attack ; impetus, insultus. 

A sore sickness Attacked him ; 
eum morbus invasit gravis. Wlun the 
pestilence had attacked one or two; 
cum unum vei alterum perculerat pes- 
tis. / know all his methods of attack ; 
novi omnes hominis petitiones. To at- 
tack any one with a swojrd, spear, Sfc. ; 
petere aliquem ense, hasta, &c. He 
whom he prepared to attack ; is quem 
petebat ; Sail. 

To Attack only one part of the 
army ; carpere aliquem partem exerci- 
tus ; Liv. 

To ATTAIN ; assequi, consequi, 
pervenire ad ; acquirere. 

Virtue is the ready way to Attain 
a quiet life; tranquillaj vitae semita 
per virtutem patet. They cannot at- 
tain to that praise; ad illam laudeni 
aspirare non possunt ; Cic. 

Easy ready ways to Attain promo- 
tion ; aditus ad capessendos honores 

To Attain to oiie's aim; metam, 
scopura, attingere ; voti compos fieri ; 
volis frui. Quod voluit adipisci, assei- 
qui, consequi, nancisci, ferre, acqui- 
rere. Pervenire quo voluit. Veto, 
conatuum suorum et laborum fructu, 
praemio, mercede potiri, frui. Metam 
propositam, scopum destinatum attin- 
gere. Spem, rem optatam, operae-pre- 
tium lucrari, obtinere, comparare. 

They never Attained so far as to 
come near this learned school ; erndi- 
tum hunc pulverem nunquam attige- 
runt. But if I should not attain to 
their force and industry or diligence ; 
quod si horum vim et navitatem non 
assecutus fuerim. I hope now that the 
happy time is come when I may attain 


to my greatest desire; spero jam 
advenisse diem semper optabilem, qui 
me maximi voti compotiret j i. e. com- 
potera faceret; ex Plaut. et Apul. 

To Attain honors ; acquirere, asse- 
qui honores ; adipisci gloriam ; Plaut. 
consequi faniam ; nanscisci imperium j 

To Attain great wealth by unlaw- 
ful gains; magnas conquirere opes 
quafcstu illicito ; Plin. To attain the 
possession of the town by force and 
arms ; vi et armis urbem obtinere ; 
Liv. To attain some degree of ho 
nor; gradura dignitatis aliquem asse- 
qui. To attain a name or to get fame; 
assequi nomen. 

To ArrEAf PT ; conari, moliri, at- 
tentare ; incipere, aggredi. 

An Attempt; impetus; conatus, 
-us, ra, Incaeptum ; molimen, n. Nisus, 
eoixus, m. 

To Attempt boldly ; audere. 
^ AoW Attempt ; ausum, n. 

To Attempt or undertake any thing 
at vast expense; raagno pecuniae sump- 
tu tentare rem aliquam. 

Not Attempted or Mn-ATTBMPX- 
ED ; intentatus, inausus : as. 

He left nothing t/ti-Attempted ; 
nihil intentatum, inausuin vel inexper- 
tum reliquit. 

To Attempt, or endeavor to cor- 
rupt one's fidelity ; attentate fidem aii- 

To Attem#t or try by policy to 
take the totcn; urbem attentate. 

To Attempt or try to make war 
on one; attentate aliquem bello ; 
Stat. To attempt or to incline one by 
earnest entreaty ; precibus aliquem at- 
tentate; Val. 
^ To A-^tem pt or undertake earnestly^ 
to — ^c. / eniti, conniti, vites impen- 
dere, sen intendere, ad — Sec. 

To Attempt or try the hazard of 
any thing; facete penculum alicujus 
rei, vel in aliqua te, jacere aleam, &c. 

To Attempt any thing; great 
things; or to attempt a lie^ or to raise 
hatred against one ; moliri, concoep- 
tare aliquid ; Amni. Res magnas mo- 
vere ; sttuere mendacium ; struere odi- 
um in aliquem; Cic. 

To set the mind upon, or to At- 
tempt all deceit and wickedness or 
tnalice ; versare mentem ad omnem 
malitiam et fraudem ; Cic. 

To Attempt things wJiich are good 



or praiseworthy; rerum laudabilium, 
conamen, moliraen, aggredi, attentate ; 
vel res laudaWles attentate, moliri, ag- 

To Attempt a7Jf/ thing foolishly ^ 
or honestly and commendably ; rem ali- 
quam, seu aliquid, inepte, vel honeste 
et laudabiliter aggtedi, conari, moliti, 
attentate, &c. 

To ATTEND; attendete, auscul- 
tate, advettete, animadvettere. 

To Attend or mind a business ; va- 
care, invigilate, with a dat.; curare, 
xvith an accus. 

To Attend upo^i or give attend- 
ance ; setvite, astate ; apparete. 

To Attend or wait upon one in 
company ; comitari ; stipare ; dedu- 

To Attend cattle; custodite, ser- 
vate, cutate. 

To Attend or serve a master ; do- 
mino famulati, ministtare, inservire, 
subservire, operam dare, addicere se, 
fidele obsequiuni prajstare; omnem ope- 
ram et studium navare. Totura se ad 
alterius voluntatem nuturaque compo- 
nere, fingere, accommodate. Meroe- 
dula adductus alteri se ministrum pne- 
bete. Heri nutum expectare, obser- 
vare, intueri. Quid sibi mandetur soli- 
cite expectare. Alicujus servitio sub- 
jicete se. 

To ATTEND, listen or hearken eai'U'- 
estly, or attentively ; attentis, avidissi- 
mis autibus audite, auscultate, exci- 
jjete ; cum silentio animadvcttete ; au- 
rium judicio pondetate ; diligenter at- 
tendete ; animo adesse ptaisenti; cum 
magna audiendi cupiditate considere. 
Antes alicui arrigere, etigete, ptasbere, 
adhibere, patefacere, admovere ; auri- 
bus aliquid inbibere, recipete, et niente 
petcipiete, tecondete; sensibus imisre- 
ponere ; attento animo, summaque be- 
nignitate audite ; ab ote alicujus pen- 
dete; in disciplinam alicujus se tta- 
deie, commendate. Silent, atrectisque 
auribus, adstant ; Virg. 

To be Attended, waited upon, w 
accompanied, with a train or company 
of young men; choro juventatis comi- 
tatum, stipatum esse. 

Attendance 07' s^i^rice; opera, ob- 
servantia ; obsequium, ministerium ; 
servirus, f. 

Attendance ; i. e. a train of at- 
tendants, or a company of servants ; co- 
mitatas,-us, m. Famulitium, n. Fa- 



mulatus, us, m. Pompa, turba clieu- 

To dance Attendance ; diu ct frus- 
tra expectare. 

A great mail's Attendants; pom- 
pa regalis, turba clieniiura frequens ; 
numerosus comitatus. 

Attentive or heedful; attenlus, ar- 

Attention ; attentio, f., sUentiura, 
n., favor, in. 

Very Attentive ; peraltentus. 

Attentively ; attente, arrectis au- 
ribus, tacite; cum silentio. 

Very Attentively ; perattente. 

Not to Attend, not to be attentive, 
nor hear attentively ; aures alicui pras- 
dudere, non adhibere, nee acconirao- 
dare ; hebetiores, obtusiores aures ha- 
bere ; oscitanter observare ; aures re- 
mittere, dimittere. 

My ears are not, or my mind is notj 
Attentive ; aures meae peregrinantur, 
et mens mea praitervolat, praetergre- 
ditar. Attention, heed, care or dili- 
gence, Sfc, auscultatio, audicndi avidi- 
tas ; cura animadvertendi quidj dili- 
gentia, rcspectus, consideratio. 

To procure Attention ; auditores 
atlentos, beuevoios reddere, erectos ad 
audiendum facere, efficere. Hominum 
expectationem concitare, benevolenti- 
ain conciliare, aninios demulcere, quo 
ad audiendura alacriores fian.t, acce- 
dant, prsebeant se. 

Tluit I may procure your Atten- 
tion, or keep you attentive, by the va- 
riety of the crimes; ut vaiietate crirai- 
num vos attentos tenerem ; Cic. 

To make the judges Attentive to 
hear his cause ; judicum aures et ora 
ad audiendaiu causara suam, sibi con- 

To procure the judges' Attention, 
and as it were an appetite of hearing 
further; stomachum judicibus couinio- 
vere, facere. To estrange, or turn 
away the judges' attention /rom hear- 
ing him; judicum uientes a se abalie- 

To ATTEST, or witness ; attestari, 
cotitestari, testimoniis conlirniare. 

Attestation, or an attesting and 
witnessing; attestatio ; testimoniis con- 
finuatio, aslipulatio. 

Attested ; testimoniis confirmatus, 
approbatus, coraprobatus. 

To AITRIBUTE, or ascnbe; attri- 


buere, ascribere, imputare, adscribere, 

To Attribute to himself; arrogarc, 

To Attribute, or ascribe to; ah"- 
cui tribuere, attribuere, assignare, as- 
cribere ; acceptam rem ferre, referre, 
Hujus rciinventionera ad Deos referunt. 
Tibi uni referunt lijec mala. Te cau- 
sani auctoremque faciunt hujus calami- 
tatis. Culpamin aliquera conferre, de- 

He Attributes his vices to old 
age; vitia sua, in senectutem suam, 
confert. i/e attributes 7u5 own praise 
to another; laudes suas ad alteruni 
transfundit. He attributes to me the 
stfeguard of the whole Roman empire ; 
judicat imperio Romano et orbi terra- 
rum, me attulisse salutera. He attri- 
butes praise to himself; laudem sibi as- 
surait, arrogat. 

To Attribute to, or lay the fault 
or blame on one; culpam in aliquem 
assignare, derivare, conferre. 

To Attribute, ascribe, or inrpnte 
any thing to one as to the author ; tri- 
buere, attribuere, ascribere, imputare, 
aliquid alicui, uti auctori. Acceptum 
referre alicui ; Cic. Accepto ferre, re- 
ferre ; J. C. Deciis alicujus rei ad ali- 
quem trahere; Li v. Gratiam recte 
factorum sibi tribuere; Tac. Transr 
fundere ad alium laudes, &c. Assu- 
mere sibi aliquid. Addicere aliquid 
alicui. Propriuraaliquidalicui tradere. 
Assignare aliquid ho mini, seel eri, mise- 
ricordize ; fortunae, civitati. Mihi sa- 
lutem imperii adjudicavit; Cic. Trans- 
movere in se verbis gloriauj alieno la- 
bore partam; Tcr. Affingere alicui vi- 
tium ; Lucr. Damnare aliquem tardi- 
tatis ; Quint. Sordium ; Plin. Earn 
mihi debeo gratiam, atqiie animo meo ; 
Piaut. Crimen in aliquem ultro fateri ; 

An Attribute, title, or name; at- 
tributum; titulus, nomen, appellatio, 
praedicatum, nuncu patio. 

To AVAIL, or profit ; prodesse, va- 
lere, juvare; conferre, conducere. 

Available, or profitable; valens, 
utilis; conducibilis, efficax, condu- 

It Avails, or is profitable; interest, 
refert, conduclt. It avails much; 
raultum, plurimum, interest, prodest, 
juvat, conducit, expedit, facit, valet ; 



▼aide commodum est, et opportunum. 
It ia available to this or that purpose, 
matter, or affair; huic proposito ulili- 
ter inservit ; est praeclare comparatura 
ad banc rem. What did it avail ? quid 
retulit? It avails nothing to a good 
life; nihil ad bene vivendum. It 
avails littk; parum juvat. It avails 
nothing to speak truth against envy and 
malice; adversus invidiam nihil pro- 
dest vera dicere. They made them, 
hope, that it would much avail or he 
profitable for their interest or purpose; 
spera illis faciebant de re sua maxime 
fore. It is of little or much avail ; pa- 
rum vel multuni refert; pluma baud 
interest; Plaut. Permultum interest ; 
multum raea interest ; magni, permag- 
ni refert, interest ; permagna res agi- 
tur ; Cic. Pernimium interest ; Ter. 
Momentum parum vel magnum in re 
aliqua positura est ; Quint. 

AVARICE ; i. e. covetousness ; 
avaritia ; sordes ; Cic. cupido j Hor. 
avarities ; Lucr. 

Avaricious, or covetous; avarus. 
Avaricious, covetous, or earnestly de- 
sirous of praise ; avarus laudis ; Hor. 
Avarus semper in reprehensione est ; 
avid us autem in laude inter<*uin etiara 
ponitur, quia laus etiam est honeste cu- 

Insatiable Avarice, or covetous- 
ness; avaritia insatiabilis ; inexplebilis 
avaritia ; crescentem sequitur cura pe- 
cuniam ; Hor. Crescit amor nummi ; 
Juv. Crescunt opes, et opura crescit 
furiosa libido ; — Etcum possideant plu- 
rima, plura petunt. — Quo plus sunt 
pot£e, plus sitiuntur aquje ; Ovid. Lo- 
culi mendicornm semper inanes ; Hy- 
dropico nihil siccius ; — Non mittit 
cutem nisi plena cruoris hirudo ; Hor. 
Multa desideranti desunt niulta ; Id. 
Avarus semper eget ; argentea fames. 

A\AniCE corrupts the judges ; ava- 
ritia corrumpit judices ; auro concilia- 
tur amor; auro loquente nihil pollet 
quaevis oratio. An avaricious or co- 
vetous man ; avarus ; ardens avaritia ; 
hiante avaritia homo. lUiberalis et 
sordidus ; Cic. Prae pretio, lucro, 
praedaque, non auctoritas, non gratia 
cujusquam valet ; Id. Attentus ad 
rem ; Ter. Accipiter pecuniae ; pro- 
cax ; rapax ; trahax j polypus ; hiuica 
gens ; Plaut. Sordis infimae homo ; 
Apul. Gluto sorbens galivam Mercu- 



rialem ; Pers, Cui pecunia vita est ;^ 
punrice aridior; obolum supra Decs 
evehit ; res est inexplebilis. 

All men are less or more Avarici- 
ous or covetous ; avari sumus omnes ; 
omnes ad rem attentiores ; Ter. 

AUDACIOUS ; audax ; impudens, 
improbus ; audacissimus. 

Audacity or boldness; audacitas, 
audacia, confidentia, impudentia, fidu- 
cia nimia. 

Audaciously or boldly ; audaciter, 
audacter ; audenter ; Ulp. Improbe ; 
impudenter, audentius ; Tac. Audacis- 
sime, pra&licenter ; Gell. 

Desperate Audacity ; projecta au- 
dacia ; licentia, petulantia ; contuma- 
cia, pertinacia j temeritas furiosa ; fe- 
rocitas ; protervitas ; Cic. Audentia. 

Audacity does not always prosper ; 
audacia non semper suiccedit ; qui ni- 
mis est audax saepe infeliciter audet. 

Audacious or bold to enterprise 
great things; audaculus ad magna; 
catulus leonem allatrans ; confidentia 
Herculis vel Herculea ; aquilam cornix 

Desperately Audacious or bold; 
audax nimis ; nimium audax ; projec- 
tus ad audendum ; animis arraatus aa* 
dacissirais ; confidentissimus ; Cic. Ni- 
mius animis ; Sen. Columen audaciae j 
Plaut. Praesumptor ; Amm. Animos 
leonum praeferentes ; Icaro audacior. 

Audacious, bold, and hot-spirited 
men disturb all things; calidi omnia 

That a nmn ought not to be too Au- 
dacious or bold ; ultra prudentiara au- 
dacem non debereesse; cedendum 
multitudini ; cedendum casui ; ne Her- 
cules quidem contra duos ; cui cere- 
brum est vitreum, vitet pugnam lapi- 

To be Audacious and bold ; aude- 
re ; adesse aninio ; Cic. Nee quis- 
quam tanto ausu esset ; Plaut. Quod 
an fieri possit interrogate audaciam ves» 
tram ; Petron. 

Audacity, or boldness, is dangerous 
if there be no< strength and forces suit- 
able to the spirits ; periculosa est auda- 
cia, si vires non suppetant spiritibus. 

The consideration of the danger often 
restrains Audacity and boldness; ex- 
pensio periculi revocat hominem ab au- 

That wariness or cautious restratint 



q/* Audacity and boldness, which de- 
ters from unreasonable actions, and 
makes a man prudently circtimspect, is 
good and commendable ; bona est tiiui- 
ditas et cautela audaciae, quae deterret a 
turpibus, et reddit hominem circum- 

AUDIENCE, or hearing; audientia, 
auditio, auditiuncula ; f. 

An Audience of an ambassador; 

An Audience, or a cotnpany of au- 
ditors or hearers; csetus, conciirsus, 
frequenlia ; auditorum confluxus. 

To give one Audience, or the hear- 
ing ; auscultare, attendere; cum atten- 
tione audire. 

Audible, or loud, which may be 
heard ; audibilis ; sonorus. 

Ati AuDiTon ; auditor ; ausculta- 
tor; concionatorius populus ; Cic. Au- 
ritus populus ; Plaut. 

Orators, or they wJw speak f are very 
desirous of a great many Auditors or 
hearers; hunianuni genus est avidum 
auricularum, i. e. audjtorura ; Lucr. 

^M Auditor of accounts ;• rationura 
exaininator ; rationarius j calculator, 

An Auditory ; meaning the place ; 
auditorium. An auditory ; meaning the 
company; caetus, auditorum frequen- 

An Audit of accounts; compu- 
tum ; rationum subductio. 

To Audit accounts; ad calculosvo- 
care, rationes examinare, subducere. 

To speak before a great Auditory ; 
in magna popuU frequeutia ; ingenti 
niultitudine ; amplissima corona, fre- 
quentissimo conventu, ccetu ; quamplu- 
riniis audientlbus, praesentibus, coram 
lurba hominum infinita j in frequenti 
senatn, theatro, foro ; pro rostris; apud 
populum, verba facere, orationem ha- 

To desire tliat he may have Audi- 
bnce or a hearing ; audientiam sibi 
fieri velle. 

To AVENGE ; ulcisci ; vindicare ; 
taiionem, «eu jus talionis reddere ; par 
pari referre. 

To AVER : i. e. to affirm stedfast- 
ly ; asserere, asseverare ; serio affirnia- 
Te/, pleno ore affirmare, &c. See To 

To Aver, or affirm any thing con- 
tirning any one; asseverare aliquid de 


To AviEn, or affirm most surely or 
constantly ; asseverare firmissirae, con- 
stanter asserere. 

AVERSE, or cross ; aversus ; ablior- 
rens. To be averse /rom a thing; ab- 
horrere ab. 

To be Av^nsT. from ; i. e, to make 
no esteem of or to r^'use honors, of- 
fices, ^c. ; aversari honores, officia> 

To be Averse from ; i. e, to Ms- 
dain one ; aversari aliquem ; Liv. 

To be Averse /rem; i. e. to reject 
one's prayers or suits ; aversari preces 

To be A vEiisE /rom or to loath meat ; 
fastidire cibuni. 

Averse from, or disdaining me; 
fastidit mei ; Plaut. Aversion of aver- 
sation, or dislike, 8fc. ; aversio, aver- 
satio ; fastidium. 

To make one AvERSE/row any thing ; 
fastidium movere alicui ; fastidium, taj- 
dium alicujus rei facere ; Liv. Fastidiunx 
alicui afferre ; Cic. Adducere aliquid 
in fastidium ; alicui fastidium creare, 
gignere ; Plin. Fastidium stomaclio 
movere ; Hor. 

To AVERT, turn from or turn aside; 

To Avert or turn away the mind; 
i. e. to think no more of misery ; aver- 
tere raentera, cogitationem a miseriis. 
To avert or turn away the blame from 
or to lay it on another ; avertere cul- 
pam a se vel ab uno aliquo, in alterura. 
To avert or turn away himself from 
speaking with one ; i. disdain to 
hear one talk; avertere se a serraone 
alicujus ; Cic. To avert or turn aside 
the I'ivers another way ; avertere fla- 

To Avert or turn away a plague or 
mischief; avertere pestem ; Virg. To 
avert or turn himself from; i. e. to 
forsake one' s friendship ; avertere se ab 
amicitia alicujus ; Cfes. 

To Avert, or turn one aside fvom 
doing those things ichich he endeavored 
against the commonwealth; coiiatu» 
alicujus avertere a republica ; Cic. 

To Avert, or turn away and alienate 
his mind from one; avertere aniiDuui 
ab aliquo ; Ca;s. 

To Avert, turn, or take away sm- 
picion from a thing; avertere rem a 

To AUGMENT ; augere, adaugere ; 
aggerare ; exaugere, ampliare, coaug- 


mehtare, locupletare. Ampliare, ara- 

Whatsoever is Augmented or in- 
ereased may decrease again ; quod 
crescit, ininuitur ; quicquid augetur, 
crescit, niajus atque amplius sit, am- 
plificatur, qusecunque sit ad rem acces- 
sio, qua* res accedit, accrescit ; ean- 
dem minul, iraminui, diniinui, comrui- 
nui necesse est, attenuari, extenuari, 
jacturam pati, de ea detrahi, diminui, 
adirni, auferri. 

To AuGMENt, or increase a benefit 
or good deed in a great measure ; au- 
gerc bent'ficium cumulo inagiio ; Cic. 

To Augment, or increase one's stock 
with riches; augere aliquera divitiis. 
To augment 07* magnify the fault, the 
debt, the name and dignity of any one ; 
augere culpara, debiium, dignitatem et 
notncn aiicujus. 

To Augment, or increase the empire^ 
tlie commonwealth, ifc. ; augere irape- 
rium, rempublicam, &c. 

To make the disease Augment, or 
increase ; dare pabula morbo ; Ovid. 

To AVOID ; vitare, evitare, devi- 
tare, fugere,fugitare, diffugere,effugere, 
defugere, refugere, subterfugere ; de- 
dinare, cavere, praecavere, ablioirere, 
dedectere, decedere, recedere. 

To Avoid peril by pumping water 
out of a ship ; sentiaare. 

That may be Avoided ; evitabilis, 
devitabilis ; adj. 

That ouglit to be Avoided ; vitan- 
dus, evitandus, devitandus, cavendus, 
prohibendns, praecavendus, fugiiandus, 
fugiendus, declinandus, difFugiendus, 
subterfugiendus, abhorrendus ; part. 

That cannot be Avoided ; ' inefita- 
bilis, ineluctabilis ; adj. 

To Avoid the sight of one ; aiicujus 
aspectum aufugere. 

To Avoid a blow ; ictum declinare. 

To Avoid the light; fugere lucem. 

To AVOW ; affirmare, asserere, ap- 
probare, vendicare, profiteri j in te re- 

The fault was openly Avowed ; 
culpa professa est. 

Avowedly ; ex professo. 

An Avowed en^emy; hostis declara- 
tas, apertus. 

AUTHENTIC; authenticus, ratus. 

Made Authentic j ratificatus, au- 
tJjenticus factus. 

li^Iost Authentic ; summe authen- 
ticus ; fide djgnissimus ; orani excep- 



tlone major ; incorruptus et integer ; 
sai^ctissimum testimonium j Cic. Cui 
constat fides indubitata. 

^n 'Authentic or credible witness; 
idoneus testis. 

Sufficiently forcible or Authentic 
to be credited for itself ; ex, et in seip- 
so fidem habens ; vere authenticus j 
propter se credendum, certjssiraaj fidei. 

An AUTHOR ; auctor, seu autor 
vel author, oris, m. 

An Author, or ringleader; priB- 
ceps, dujj, irapulsor. 

An AvTnovL, or contriver and maker; 
inventor, raolitor, conditor, machinator, 
causa, origo ; caput ; fons. 

To be the first Author, or to sign 
first; prsesignare^ 

An approved or good Author ; 
idoneus auctor ; auctor classicus ; 
singulariter enim classic! diceban- 
tur prirase tantum classis homines; 
qui centum et viginti quinque millia 
a;ris, ampliusve ceiisi erant. The chief 
author, actor or mover, cause; dux 
et signifer ; auctor, princeps, archi- 
tectus et machinator sceleris. Funestae 
seditionis fax. Malorum omnium fons, 
origo, scaturigo. A te exorta sunt haec 
mala ; tibi accepta referenda sunt. Tuo 
hortatu, consilio ; tua opera, te impuU 
sore, adjutore, suasore, instigatore, in- 
ventore, hortatore, monitore, incitatore, 
incoeptore, praemonstratore, auspice, te 
a consiliis principe facta sunt. Tu ca- 
put fuisti et primus auctor omnium. Ut 
Helena Trojanis, sic iste huic reipubli- 
cje causa belli, causa pestis atque exitii 
fuit. Ut in seminibus causa est herba- 
rum et stirpium, sic hujus luctuosissimi 
belli semen tu fuisti. Tu heec pepe- 
risti, excitasti mala ; horum faces ma- 
lorum incendisti. 

/ see the real Author of these two 
crimes; horum duorum criminum video 
fontem, auctorem, rectum nomen et 
caput; Cic. 

Authority, power j or chief ruk ; 
auctoritas, potestas, potentia, ditio, 
dominatio, jurisdictio, f., imperium, 
jus, n. Dominatus, us, ra. Provincia,^ 
gravitas, f. Auspiciura, pondus, n. 

C/tit/ Authority J primaius, prin- 
cipatus, us, m. 

The Authority qf a king.; raajes- 
tas, regia majestas. 

Authority above or over another ; 
praerogativa, ae, f. Mancipium, ii, n^ 
a manceps, cipis ; (ut principiuin aT 

96 A U AU 

ptinceps) diet, quasi manuceps, quod debemus, Tuo beneficio vivit hac 
manu capiat; qui quid a populo emit, pestis 

conducitve, quia raanu sublata signifi 
care solebat se auctorera eraptionis es- 
se ; Fest. Princeps in conductione ; 
aliquando etiam praefectus, custos, cu- 

Be not the Authoe ; ne sis auctor. 
Noli rae hortaii, cohortari, adhortari, 
ut hoc factam : ne mihi sis auctor hu- 
jus consilii ; ne me rationibus ad hoc 
impellas, ne cohortatione utaris, ne co- 

To he of his own Authority, to be hortationera suscipias 

free and at his own disposal ; sui man- 
cipii esse. 

AuTHoniTY, or leave to do a thing ; 
privilegium, licentia. 

Chief men in Authority ; primates, 
optimates, proceres. 

He that is often in Authority ; 

With Authority ; cum privilegio, 
cum imperio 

You were vrnj first founder, or all 
my pr^erment and Authority first 
began by you; dignitati raeas praefuisti, 
a te primum fluxit, manavit, profectus 
est, ortus est, natus est, extitit honor 
nieus, tu me£B laudis origo, fons, prin- 
cipium fuistJr' 

Jn great Authority and estimation 
amongst his citizens or countrymen ; 
clarus apud suos cives ; vales auctorif ate 

A man of Authority ; vir gravis et apud tuos cives : magnus atque hones 

patens ; princeps, raagistratus, ra., mag- 
nas, atis, m. 

On what Authority? quo jure? 
quo fretus ? 

Full of Authority ; majestativus, 

To be in or 0/ Authority ; prsees- 
se ; praesidere, plurimum pollere, emi- 

To exercise Authority ; regnare, 
dominari. * 

To put in Authority ; praeficere. 
To jmt out of Authority, to de- 
grade or deprive of authority ; exauc- 
torare ; abrogare alicui magistratum ; 
abdicare aliquem magistratu. 

To Authorise, or give power or 
authority to; auctorizare, auctorita- 
tem tribuere ; jus alicui facere ; pnbli- 
cft auctoritate licentiam concedere ; 
auctoritate munire. 

Authorised ; publica auctoritate, 
publico jure perraissus, constitutus, 

I have Authority ; licet mihi. 
The Author, causCy or beginning 
(if all evil ; auctor mali. Tu horum 
nialorum causa, tu fons et origo ; tu 
tantas malormn faces incendisti : tu 
horum maloruin initiuni attulisti : tu 
haec mala pe[)eristi, haec mala excitasti : 
actor horum nialorum praeter tc nemo 
fuit: a te fluxerunt haec mala, haec in- 
commoda, calaniitates, acerbitates, in- 
fortunia, damna, detrimenta, pernicies, 
exitium, rerura cversio : horum malo- 
rum culpam sustines, horum in te nia- 
lorum culpa conferenda est omnis : 
haec tibi sunt ascribenda, assignanda : 
has calamitates uni tibi acceptas referre 

tus es in civitate : magno es in honore, 
ac nomine apud tuos cives : magni te 
facit patria tua, multum tibi defert, 
raultum tribuit. Primarius, honestus, 
honesto loco natus, optimae inter tuos 
cives conditionis, tui te cives magni fa- 
ciunt : magnus es, honoratus, clarus 
apud tuos cives ; multum tibi cives de- 
ferunt : patria tua tantum tibi tribuit, 
quantum fortasse neraini. 

One of great Authority ; clarus in 
republica. Vir clarissimus, spectatissi- 
mus, et in republica maximis gravissi- 
misque causis cognitus, atque imprimis 
probatus : homo valde honoratus, mul- 
tae existimationis et auctoritatis : cui 
plurimum tribuitur, cujus est gravissima 
auctoritas : cujus sententia ac voluli- 
tas pondus habet : penitus adminis. 
trandaj reipublicae gnarus, ac sciens 
tractandaj reipublicae : non parum ver- 
satus in publica re : minime omnium 
peregrinus in republica : omnes rei- 
publicae partes optime tenens : minime 
omnium rudis iu republica ; homo in 
rebus admodum versatus, magno rerum 
usu, rebus agendis exercitatus. 

To have the highest Authority ; 
potes*item summam obtinere. Audio 
te Mediolanuni suramo cum imperio 
obtinere, tuam esse summam potesta- 
tem, summum jus, administrandi Me- 
diolani res, praeesse te Mediolano eo 
jure, quod amplissimum esse potest, ea 
potestate, quae potest esse maxima : ita 
te Mediolanum regere, ut summo uta- 
ris imperio, liceat tibi quicquid velis. 

Jason was the Author or inventor 
of the first ship ; priraae ratis molitor 
Jason erat. 


The Jirst Author of mischief; 
priticeps sceleris. Kom are the author 
(if these mischiefs; a te exorta sunt 
hsec luala. The chi^ autlior ; dux et 

To he the Author of one's own 
harm ; asciam cruribus suis elidere. 

Laws in war have no Authority; 
siltnt leges inter anua. They were in 
great authority ; in republica judicio- 
que plurimum pollebant. He is of 
such authority that all men obey him ; 
tanto in doniinatu locatur, ut vei ejus 
nutui omnes obteniperent. 

He is advanced to the highest Au- 
thority ; fastigiura tenet. Let its 
rule the people with equal authority ; 
communem hunc populum paribus au- 
spiciis reganius. No man was in greater 
authority than another ; nemo magno- 
pere eniinebat. He does it of his own 
authority ; suo jure agit. 

/ am the Author ; auctor sum ali- 
cui ; ansam do ; raateriam prsebeo ; 
Cic. Auctoritatem afferre j Id. Pate- 
facere aiicui viam, aditum ad aliquid ; 
Id. Fenestram aiicui ad nequitiam 
patefacere ; ler. Sternere viam ; Stat. 

Mischief returns often upon the Au- 
thor of it ; in auctorem malisaepe re- 
cidit malum ; nialum consilium consul- 
tori pessimuni ; faber co^ipedes quas 
fecit, ipse gestat ; tiagellum ipse pa- 
ravit, quo vapularet ; saepe in magis- 
trum scclera rediere suum ; quicquid 
intrivit, ipsi exedendum erit. 

To read Authors ; auctores legere ; 
nocturna diurnaque manu versare ; ma- 
nibus terere ; Cic. 

That custom has Authority, or 
hears sway^ every where ; niaxime po- 
tens, et latissime patens est haec con- 
suetudo. Authority is every where ob- 
structed ; auctoritati passim oppeditur. 
He was a man of high authority ; is 
erat vir praepotens, et illius civitatis 
procerum unus. 

He appears in Authority above 
his parts ; or he is unfit for his place ; 
asinus est sub exuvio leonis. 

They who were the Authors or first 
contrivers of that business, ought also 
to have the praise of making an end of 
it ; qui exorsi sunt banc telam, etiam 
detextge merentur decus. 

He has the chief Authority ; ille 
hie regnum possidet, et funem ducit in- 
ter omnes istos. 

/ think their Awthoeit y ur^i^niable ; 



quorum auctoritatis scute me putem sine 
uUa alia ratione, contra gigantes istos 

He would deny his Authority ; 
auctoritatem ejus imminutum iret. 

Authors of approved credit ; new 
or old, or of smaller authority ; aucto- 
res classici ; neoterici ; antiqui ; pl«- 
beii ; moderni j minuti ; minorum gen- 

/ teas always the Author and ap- 
prover of peace ; ego pacis semper lau- 
dator, seujper auctor fui. 

An Author in evil; impuisor, in 
re mala. 

An Author in good; adjutor, in re 
bona. He was the author of an un- 
happy sedition ; funestaj seditionis fax 
et machinator erat ; Cic. 

/ was chiefly the Author or cause 
that he did not, — ^c. ; illi n>agiiopere 
auctor fui ne, — &c. 

Those mischiefs toe ought to ascribe 
to you as the Author of \hem; has 
calamitates uni tibi acceptas leferre 
debemus. For they were done by 
your authority ; tuo namque hortatu, 
te impulsore ac auspice, &c. evene* 

You are the Author of all these 
evils ; exorta sunt mala hsec omnia a 
te ; Ter. 

I see the i:ight and true Author or 
cause of these two crimes ; horura duo- 
rum criminum video fontem, video auc- 
torem, video rectum nomen et caput; 

As the cause of trees and plants is 
in the seeds, so thou hast been the Au- 
thor and cause of that 7)wst mischiev- 
ous war; ut igitur in seminibus causa 
est arborum et stirpium ; sic hujus luc- 
tuosissimi belli semen tu fuisti. 

As Helena was the Author and 
catise of war, desolation and destruc- 
tion to the Trojans ; so was he of this 
commonwealth; ut Helena Trojanis, 
sic iste huic reipublicae, causa belli, 
causa pestis et exitii fuit. 

Covetousness is the Author, cause, 
and fountain of all mischiefs ; malorum 
omnium fons et scaturigo est in avari- 

This was undertaken and doTie by 
your Authority ; natum id, confla- 
tum, susceptum, confectum opera tu« 
est ; Cic. 

To give Authority to do any 
thing ; potestatem aliquid agendi, ali- 




eui dare, facere, impcrtire ; fascibus et vhae novltatem restiiuere ; animas ex- 
securibus aliquem decorare ; aucturitate ire sepulchris ; Virg. Dare vivis ; 
aliquera communire. 

AUXILIARY or helping ^ helpful; 
auxlliaris, auxiliarius. 

Auxiliaries or auxiliary forces ; 
auxilia, copis sociorura ; subsidiariaj 
copiae ; auxiliura niilitare ; supplemen- 
tum ; Cic. Auxiliarius miles, auxilia- 
ii?E cohoites ; Id. Subsidiaria cohors ; 
Liv. Auxiliaria manus; Vole. Subi- 
tarii niilites ; Liv. Ferentarius; Varr. 

AWE, or fear ; metus, reverentia. 

To stand in Awe ; tiniere, metuere, 

To Awe one ; incutere metum. 

Ta keep in Awe ; coercere, in ordi- 
nein redigere ; gravi imperio premere j 
arctis habenis coercere. 

He perceived you stood in Awe of Hon; arbitrium, adjudicatio. 
him; intellexerat vereri vos se ct metu- To stand to one's Aw Ann ^ arbitrio 
ere ; Plaut. He does his duty for awe alicujus rem perniittere, dcdere. 
or fear; malo coactus suum officium AWARE o/"; praescius, praeseiitiens ; . 
facit ; Ter, sciens, providcns. Not aware of; ig- 

To make one stand in Awe, or he norans, inscius, ignarus ; inopinantor, 
afraid of, and so to cause duty to be nee opinate, ex insperato, improviso. 
done ; in metu et officio continere, ini- To be Aware of; prsesenlire, ani- 
perio fraendre, coercere ; metu compri- madvertere, praevidere, percipere ; ca- 
mere ; severitate Icgum perdomare ; vere, praecavere. 
supplicii formidine refricnare ; minis Look back as if you had not been 
atque melu constringere ; tremore et Aware qf him; quasi de improviso 
trepidatione legis arrogantiam honiinum respice ad eum ; Ter. 
reprimere et supprimere. Here is my master, and I was not. 

To AWAKE out of sleep; experge- Av are qf him ; herus est, nee praevi- 

vitam, vel vitae reddere ; reddere ali- 
quem vivis ; superas ad auras resusci- 
tare ; astantium oculis exhibere redivi- 
vum ; reddere vivendi functionem pris- 
tinam ; mortuum suscitare ; vocare e 
sepulchro ; arentia deplorataque ossa 
vitali ilatu animare ; mortua corpora 
revocare ; facere reducem ab Oreo in 
lucera ; Ter. Ad luraiua surgere ; ex- 
citare, renovare ab inferis, umbris in- 
fernis ; animam revocare Oreo ; a Sty- 
ge vitales revocare ad auras. Reeeris 
demortuuni vitae denuo dare. Resus- 
citare corpus in vitain novam. 

To AWARD or judge to ; adjudi- 
care, addicere. 

An Award, or sentence in arbitra- 

facere, exsuscitare. 

To Awake, or stir up; excitare, sus- 
citare, expergefacere, expergere, exper- 
giscere, expergificare. 

To be Awake ; vigil arc. 

To Awake himself, or to be ay,vakcd; 
expergisci, expergefieri, suscitari, cx- 
pergi, excitari, evigilare. 

Awake ; vigil, vigilans. 

Broad Awake j somno solutus, pla- 
ne vigilans. 

To Awaken one; somno, de, e, ex 
somno, dormientem, sopitum excitare. 
E lecto evocare. Somnum alicui rum- 
pere, abruraperc, excutere. Dormien- 
tem, quiescentem interpellare. Somno, 

deram ; Ter. 

He attacked him ere he loas Aware ; 
imparatum adortus est Ter. 

/ was not Aware of you; baud te 
aspexeram ; Ter. He surprised them 
before they were aware ; inopinantes 
deprehendit ; Caes. She tasted of it 
before she was aware ; de eo imprudens 
gustavit ; Petron. 

AWAY ; far away ; longe, procul. 

Away, get you gone ; apage, apa- 
gete, apagesis j adv. aufer te, aufcrte 

Away with it, nv/ay with this ; tolle, 
remove, hinc istud ; apage, aufer, &c. 

I. Away, having a verb before it. 

c somno excitare.— Matutinos abrura- is generally included in the Latin of 

punt murmure soranos ; adiniunt. Di- that verb, especially if it be compounded 

vellit somnos cura. Clamore solvere with a or ab : as, 

soporem. ■ To pine Away with grief; dolore 

To AwAKE/rom death, or to raise tabescere ; Ter. He hath been away 

from death to life ; vivificare, amortuis three months; tres menses abest; Ter. 

resuscitare ; vitae restituere ; ad vitam Get you away hence ; aufer te hinc ; 

revocare; recreare ; defuuclis vitam Ter. Make haste to take away the 

reddere, restituere ; putre cadaver in woman ; propera muiierem abduccre ; 


Ter. / am sorry you have been so 
long away j ego te abfulsse taindiu do- 
leo ; Cic. Gtt you away presently ; 
hinc te modo amove ; Ter. They shall 
not go away with it so ; Ijaud sic au- 
ferent; Ter. What have you done 
when I was away ? quid tu, me absen- 
te, fecisti ? Petron. 

II. AwAV, having 710 verb be/ore itj 
is often put for a verb that is under- 
sloodt as coming before it : as, I will 
away hence; i. e. go away; abibo 
hinc ; Ter. / will haste away to 
Chremes ; ego me continwo ad Clire- 
mein ; Ter. Away there/ore with such 
advisers ; qnamobrem hoc quideni de- 
libcrantium genus pellatur e medio ; 
Cic. Away with that barbarous cus- 
tom; tollite morem barbarum ; Hor. 

III. Away, having the particle 
witU after itj is sometimes put for, to 
ahide, endure, Sfc» and so rendered by 
facio, fero, S^c: asy I cannot away 
with this air; non coelum patior; 
Ond. They can ill away with it; 
graviter ferunt ; ler. They do not so 
easily away with idleness, as I do la- 
bor and pains ; ii difficilius otiuin fe- 
runt, quam ego laborem ; Cic. They 
toill not easily away with these things ; 
non facile haec ferent ; Ter. He shall 
not go away with it so ; baud im- 
pune habebit ; Ter, Away ! there's no 
danger; vah ! nihil est pericli ; Ter. 
Away with you ; apage te ; Ter. He 
stole away from me; se subterduxit 
niihi ; Flaut. He was about to run 
awav ; ornabat fugam ; Ter. The 
cloth is taken away ; sublatum est con- 
vivium ; Plaut. AwBiy with those fop' 
peries ; pellautur ineptire istae ; Cic. 
Away with those brawls; scordalias 
de medio ; Petron, Away with those 

frauds or cheats ; fraudes tollas ; Mart. 
Away with all the speed that can be ; 
remigio veloque quantum poteris festi- 
na et fuge ; Ter. He has been away 
three months ; tres menses abfuit; Ter. 
/ cannot away with it ; non possum 
ferre. He can ill away with it ; gra- 
viter, non facile fert. 

Away, after verbs, is rendered by 
ab : as, To 6e away ; absum. To -go 
away; a hire. To cast away; abjicere. 
To stand away ; absistere. To send 
away ; ablegare. To take away ; au- 
ferre. To run away ; aufugere. To 
have one away ; abducere. To get 

B A 


away ; evadere. To pine away ; con- 
tabescere. To steal away j subducere se. 


BACCHANALS,, or the feasts of 
Bacclms ; Bacchanalia ; Orgia ; Dio- 
nysia ; Gr. pi. n. Liberalia ; Cic. Hila- 
ria, Agonalia ; Ovid, Jus luxuriae pub- 
licfB datum est; exuenda est toga, dum 
hiiarius in voluptates omnis turba jiro- 
cumbit ; Sen. Floralia. Pridie Cine- 
rum ; Cic. 

To keep Bacchvs' feasts ; bacchari-; 
Bacchanal exercere. Bacchanal faci- 
tis in cella vinariaj Plaut. Baccha- 
nalia vivere ; Juv. In ilia vita turpis- 
sime i>erbacchatus es ; Cic. Furere et 
bacchari ; Id. Temulento agmine 
commessabundus incessit ; commessan- 
tium modo agere ; Liv, Parentare 
luxuriae ; Sen. Effundi in luxum, epu- 
las, nocturnes cstus ; Tacit. Lustri$ 
perire; Lucr, Luculente habere diem ; 
Plaut. Tuburcinari de .. suo, si quid 
domi sit ; Id. Profusissime celebrare 
dies festos; Suet. Popinari j Jul. 

I3ACK ; (an adv.) retro. 

Back, with verbs made by re : as. 
To look back ; respicere. To dnv9 
back ; repellere. To keep back ; reti- 
nere, retardare. To cast back ; reji- 
cere. To go back ; regredi. To give 
back or recoil ; retrocedere, resilire. 
To drive back ; retroagere. 

Backsliding ; tergiversatio, apo- 

A pull-'BACK ; impedimentum, re- 

To Back, aid or assist; adjuvare, 
favere, animos addere ; suffulcire, sub- 
venire, alicui succurrere ; subsidio ire, 
venire currere ; Cic. aliquem propug- 
nare, defendere, tueri ; alicui adesse, 
se adjutorcm profiteri, et ostendere. 

To put Back ; repellere, distinere. 

To put Back often; repulsare. 

He was put Back ; repulsam tulit ; 

To keep Back ; demorari, remorari, 

To hold or keep Back often ; reten- 

Cast Back ; rejectus ; part. 

To go or fly Back j terglversari ; 
terga vertere. 



To come Back or to return ; redirc, 
levenire, revertere. 

Our husbands are come Back ; viri 
jjostri reveniunt j Ter. He is not 
come back yet; nondum rediit; non- 
dura reversus est. Very desirous to 
come back ; cupidissiraus redeundi. 
Make haste back again; niatura redi- 
tum ; Ter. / will quickly come back 
again; redibo actutum j Plaut. To 
write back ; rescribere. He wrote 
hHck again to me ; is ad me rescripsit. 
Business hindered me from writing 
back ; negotia iinpedierunt quo minus 

Look Back as if you had not been 
aware of him; quasi de im proviso respi- 
te ad cum ; Ter. 

To send Back ; remittere. 

To bring Back j reducere. To pay 
back ; renuraerare. To give back j 
pedera referre ; Cic. 

Backward; aversus ; part, retror- 
sus, praeposterus, recurvus, adj. 

Backward 5 adv. retro, retrorsum. 

Backward or slow ; piger, segnis. 

Backwardness; pigritia. 

The Back ; dorsum, dorsus, tergum. 

To break one's Back ; edorsare, de- 

To tie men Back to back ; aversos 

His hands cast behind his Back ; 
mauibus, a tergo, ad tergum, rejectis ; 
Cic. To attack one behind his back ; 
a tergo aiiquem adoriri ; Cic. To rail 
at one behind his back ; absenti male 
Joqui ; Ter. He will be the same both 
before your face and behind your back ; 
praesens, absensque idem erit ; Ter. 

To sit on ^orse-BACK ; equo sedere, 

They set him on horse-BACn ; illuin 
in equum snstulerunt; Cic. 

To serve on horse-BACK ; equo me- 
reri ; Cic. 

To fight <fn horse-BACK ; ex equo 
pugnare ; Plin. 

To run away on korse-BACK j cum 
f quo fugcre ; Flor. 

To keep, hinder or stop one from 
^oing Back ; aiiquem reditu interclu- 
dere ; Caes. 

They turned their Backs and fled ; 
terga verterunt ; Cjcs. 

They turned their hatred Back 
from the Romans to Hannibal ; verte- 
runt retro ad Annibalem ab Romanis 
odia; Liv. 


To BACKBITE; obtrectare, male- 
dicere, obloqui ; absentcra rodere, de- 
trahere absenlis famae. Clam vitupera- 
te. Clanculum, a tergo Cynica petu- 
lantia mordere. Absenti contumeliose 
maledicere, maledice obtrectare, de- 
trahere ; infami« notas iriurere. Fatnajn 
ftlienam clam, absentis cxistiniationem 
la^dere, violare. Nefaria quaedam de 
aiiquo dissipare ; de fnma alicujus de- 
traliere clam. Obscuro odio, morsuque 
venenare alicujus famam. Clandesti- 
nus alienae existimationis expugnator. 
Fani33a|iciijus insidiasconiparare. Mor- 
dere a tergo, traducerc ; a tergo pitise- 
re ; Pers. Venenatis pungere acujeis ; 
acerrimos invidentia? stimulus alicni ex- 
citare; liuguis veneno tinctis confodere, 
lancinare ; procul allatrare, coram ne 
verbam qiiidem; linguae vibrare spicu- 
lum ; petulanter facundiam caninam 
exercere, &c. Probra alicui ingereie. 
Crimen alicui inferre ; dedignari ab- 
sentem ; crimen in aiiquem confingere, 
contumeliis vel convitiis aiiquem pro- 
scindere, exagitare, afficere, prosequi, 
incessere, lacessere ; dicteriis acerbis- 
simis aiiquem rodere. De alicujus fa- 
ma, dignitate, vel auctoritate detra- 

A Back-biter or privy slanderer ; 
obtrectator, raaledicus, qui clam litdit 
famam alienara ; clandestlnus alienaj 
existimationis expugnator, calumniator. 

We cannot help the Back-biting 
slanders of men ; linguas hominum i 
virulentas vitare non possumus ; Cic. 
To back-bite and slander an excellent 
man; lacerare incc^^to ore virum opti- 
mum, eumque carpere maledico dente, 
sinistris sermonibus carpere, vellicare; 

BAD; malus, pravus, nequam. 

A Bad act; flagitium ; scelus. Bad 
company; pravum conimercium, con- 
sortium malorum. Bad times; tem- 
pora calaraitosa. Bad iceatlier ; tris- 
tis, parum lata tcmpestas. No bad 
man; Jiomo minime malus ; Cic. 

He is the cause of his own Bad for^ 
tune ; ipse sibi malam facit furtunam. 
He i.« as bad as before ; as ever ; rur- 
suMi ad ingenium redit ; Ter. He 
takes bad courses ; ingurgitaf se in fla- 
gitia ; Cic. It is a bad business ; 
j>essinia ba?c res est. To be very bad ; 
i. e. sick; pessime se habere, vehemen- 
ter laborare. To keep bad hours ; scro, 
vel multa nocte domum red ire. 

' BA 

To BAFFLE; deludcre, illudere, 
confundere. Frustrari. 

To Baffle or confute; refulare, os 

To Baffle the expectation and hope 
of any one; frustrari expectationeni et 
speni alicujus. / have been often 
baffled or disappointed in that my 
hope ; siepe me spes haec frustrata est ; 
Ter. To be baffled or disappointed by 
one ; frustrari ab aliquo. To be baffled 
in, or to lose kis labor ; frustrari labo- 
rem ; Coluru. 

To Baffle or confute by witnesses ; 
refutare aiiquem lestibiis. To baffle 
or disappoint ojie's endeavours ; refu- 
tare conatus alicujus. 

A HAIL, or surety ; the person; vas, 
vadis^; fidejussor. 

To Bail or put in sureties ; vadari, 
vadimonium proniittere, vci constituere. 

To be Bait, for one; vadem se sis- 

To save himself and his Bail by 
appearing at the day appointed ; vadi- 
monium obi re. 

Ba iLED or put under sureties ; vadi- 
monio* obstrictus vel prtebitus ; vadi- 
monio interposito liberatus. 

A Bailing or putting in bail ; va- 
dimonii interpositio. 

A Bail, mainprizey or bond of ap- 
pearance ; vadimonium, satisdatio ; 
traditio, tributio. 

He reqtdres me to put in Bail ; va- 
dalur liic me ; Plaut. He puts in bail 
to stand to the award ; judicatum solvi 
satisdat ; Cic. The other became bail 
for his appearance ; vas factus est alter 
sistendi ejus ; Cic. 

A BAIT, as for fish or birds, ^c, ; 
esca, illecebra. 

To Bait, or Iny a haiiy entice with a 
ha\t for fish or birds; inescare, illicere, 

To Bait a hook ; esca obducere ha- 

Baited, as a hook for fish ; esca 
obductus. He spent all that money in 
^A-bails, or hsiits for fishes ; eam om- 
nem mercedem escis, quas dabat pis- 
cibus consuraebat ; Varro. 

To Bait his hook ; iraponere Jiamo 
escam ; Petron. 

To Bait, or refresh oneself at an 
inn ; divertere, diverti, diversari, hos- 

To Bait one, i. e. to set upon him, 
and not let him alone ; aliquem irape- 

B A 


tere, invadere, soUicitare. 

You know not how to lay Baits /or 
men ;, nescis inescare homines ; Ter. 

To BALANCE, or make even; ae- 
quare, exaiquare. To balance accown^s; 
rationes aequare. They have balanced 
their accounts ; conveuit inter eos ra- 
tio accepti et expensi. 

A BAND of soldiers ; caterva, co- 
hors, turma. , 

Of or beUnging to a Band of sol- 
diers ; catervarius, turmalis; adj. 

A Band or host of footmen ; pedi- 
tatus, m. 

A small Band of men; cohorticula, 
chortiuncula, f. militura manus. 

A Band often soldiers ; manipulus, 
m. globus militum. 

Of or belonging to that Band ; ma- 
nipularis ; adj. 

By Bands j turmatim, catervatim ; 

By Bands often soldiers; manipu- 
latim ; adv. 

A Band of six thousand footmen, 
and seven hundred and thirty horse- 
men; legif;^ f. 

Of or belonging to tluit Band ; le- 
gion arius. 

By Bands or legions; legionatim ; 
adv. ■ 

He had a Band in readiness to kill 
the consuls; consulum interficiendorum 
causa manum paravit ; Cic, 

He put him in Bands ; non ul- 
tra quam compedibus coercuit. 

To divide into Bands or companies; 

Banded together ; conjuratus. 

A BAND-7'ort, or muster-roll; later- 
culusj-i, m. Laterculum, f.. 

To BANISH ; exilio mulctare. In 
exilium agere, pellere, ejicere, niittere, 
ablegare. E patria, e patriaj finibus, ex 
urbe, civitate, rep. suis sedibus ejicere, 
exigere, exturbare, pellere, expellere, 
excludere, exterminare, depellere, pro- 
fiigare, submovere. Aqua et igni inter- 
dicere, patria prohibere. Ab aris fo- 
cisque patriis ; a tectis moenibusque ur- 
bis : a domo et conspectu patri3e arce- 
re, abstrahere, abigere, mandare, aman- 
dare, deportare in reraotissimas gentes : 
in terras exteras, longinquas, ultimas. 
Patriara, civis jus adimere. Ab oris 
patriis pellere. Humum natalem deme- 
re. Urbe, patria, focis patriis jubere 

To Banish one; aliquem proscri- 



bere, patriae conspectu et libertate ali- 
quem privare. E conspectu civium ali- 
quem exturbare, dimoverc, avitls fini- 
bus aliquem detrwdere ; de finibus hu- 
nianse naturae aliquem exterminare ; 
patriis expellere ab oris ; e sinu et grai- 
jnio patriae aliquem abstraliere ; fundi- 
tu3 e republica tollere ; a diis penati- 
bus aliquem abstrahere, relegare, exi- 

For ye, out of hatred, have Banish- 
ed ine from my faiher^s house ; enim- 
*ero vos exegistis me e dome patema, 
priB odio. 

To be Banished or cast out, or ex- 
iled ; exulare ; exilii causa solum verte- 
re. Patriam et civitatis jus amitlere. 
Urbe finibusque faccssere ; extorrem, 
profugum, exulem agere, agi, Exula- 
tum abirc, proficisci. In exilium ire, 
abire, pelli, ejici, &c. Sirm gremioque 
patriae, et a suorum complexu abslrahi, 
abigique in exilium. In terra peregri- 
na exilium perpetuum agere. Patriis 
sedibus actus : expulsus ab oris : fini- 
bus ejectus, focis carere. JSTos patria? 
fines et dulcia linquimus cjrva. Nos 
patriam fugimus. Terras alio calentes 
>ole mutamus. Patria quis exul se 
quoque fiigit. Exulis nomen subire ; 
patriae fines et dulcia linquere arva. 
Patria cedere, excedere, carere, orbari ; 
a liberis suis abstractus ; a conjuge ab- 
reptus, ab aris focisque projectus, &c. 
est. Dejici de urbis praesidio, et de ciis- 
todia civitatis deturbari ; qui vagis lus- 
trat erroribus orbem, et ut ludibrium 
fortunae exlorris aberrat. 

Banished or exiled; being in ba- 
nishment, ^r.; exulans; exnl, extorris, 
profugus, j.rjscriptus, ablegatus, rele- 
galus, extermiuatus, amandalus, ejec- 
tus, fugatus, deportatus, civitate priva- 

Banished yearly or for a year; 
abannitus, abannatus. 

Banishing iu tlie city of Syracuse 
for five years, practised by ivriting the 
name of the party in an olive leqf; 
petaiismus-i, m. 

A kind of BANisifMENT among the 
Athenians, for ten years' space ; ostra- 
cismus-i, m. 

Banishment, or exile; exilium, ex- 
terminium, fuga, Jiminium; ejectio ex 
patria ; exulatio, in alienas terras de- 

To go into Banishment uullitigly ; 
in exilium voluntarium, spdntaiieum 


proficisci. Ultro, 4ibenter ; animo je- 
quo, ffiquissimo ; sponte sua patria ce- 
dere, carere : e patria discedere : nalale 
solum relinquere : patriam deserere. Pa- 
triae nullo studio tcneri : nullo deside- 
rio affici : desiderium baud inique, non 
aegre fene. Quasi ad aram in exilium 

They tvere Banished their country ; 
a Diis penatibus exlerniinati sunt. 

He IBanished himself ; in volunta- 
riura exilium concessit. 

To recal from Banishment ; exules 
restituere,reducere, Diis penatibus red- 
dere : in patriam revocare. Dare, 
reddere civitatcm exulanti. Ejecto, 
extorri, profugo, exuli reditum in pa- 
triam patefacere, reserare. Facere ul 
quis familiares revisat, redeat ad suos 
lares familiares. Exulem in suam pris- 
tinam dignitatem revocare : in anti- 
quum statum restituere : de exilio re- 
(lucere. Exilio quempiam liberare. 

To return from Banishment; in 
suos Lares familiares rcdire ; pristinain 
libertateni reparare ; in patriam reduci. 

Metellus took hi^ Banishment /)a- 
tiently, and left his country wilUngly ; 
Metellus aaquo animo exul, seu exulavit 
asquo animo; surania fuit Metelli ;i?qui- 
tas animi in patria relinquenda ; sum- 
nia voluptate Metellus patria cessii, 
cgregiaque animi alacritate abfuit : dis- 
cessuni a patria aeqnissimo animo 
tulit Metellus, et abfuit nullo do- 
lore. Metelli animus cum e patria 
discessit, aequissimus ; dum abfuit la?- 
tissimus fuit, erectus, aiacer ; minime 
demissus, aut dejectus. 

To Banish out of the world — out 
of all honest men's company ; ultra ex- 
celsas Herculis columuas, ultra Gara- 
mantas et Indos, protrudere; extra 
anni solisque vias, exterminare. 

They Banished tlietn out of the 
city, or disfranchised them; eos ab 
urbe, utruuique ab urbano commercio 

They Banished him out of their 
company, and shut him out of doors ; 
abs se ilium oiiminarunt. 

They Banished him from house And 
harbor ; penatibus eum suis expulerunt. 

Aristides wa^ Banished by the peo- 
ple for ten years; Aristides, ostracis- 
ino populi jussus est vertere solum. 

BANKRUPT; decoctor; contur- 
bator ; non solvendo ; foro cedens ; 
non habens'unde solvat. 


To be Bankrupt ; decoquere, con- 

To turn Bankrupt by spending 
wast ef idly all his substance ; suas con- 
turbare fortunas ; Cic. Decoquere. 
Fidein labefactare, decoquere, consu- 
iiiere, perdere. ^ris alieni magnitu- 
dine oppressiis, decocta sua re profugit, 
difFugit ; urbe, foro cessit ; in asylum 
se recepit. Obaeratus. Qui solvendo 
non est. Qui suara rem confecit, di- 
hpidavit. Qui non habet, cui nnn sup- 
petit unde solvat, unde creditoribus sa- 
tisfaciat. Qui domum suam bonaque 
omnia coniedit, devoravit. Cui fides 
cecidit, consunspta est. Quera fides 
deficit. Creditoribus cuncta relinque- 
re ; propter debita fugere ; decoctare 
aliena ; in asylum se recipere ; sedem, 
locum, mutare; ob decoctampecuiiiani, 
urbi cedere ; cedere creditoribus ; Au- 
son. Collectis vasis migrare ; aeris ali- 
eni magnitudifie urbem fugere, patria 
facessere. Decedcre de omnibus bo- 
nis, et suis cedere bonis ; decoquere 
creditoribus ; negotiationem abrum- 

Cato used to say in jest, against a 
Bankrupt who Juid nothing left but 
had wasted all, tliat he had eaten up his 
own house, and all hi^ own goods; do- 
juum suam bonaque omnia comedisse, 
Catonis joco dicebatur, in decoctoreiu 
quendam, cui nihil erat bonorum ; quod 
prodigus esset ; et dilapidasset omnia. 

A BANQUET; epuluni,convivium, 
n. Epulae, dapes, pi. f. A banquet- 
ing; epulalio, compotatio ; symposium, 
n. ; convivium. 

To Banquet together; convivari, 
compotare ; agere convivia, et sympo- 

To eat at a Banquet ; opsonari, 

To provide a Banquet ; pollucere ; 

To make great feasts or Banquets ; 
institu^re dapes vel epulas opiparas ; 
ore terere dulcem escam ; dapibus 
niensa§ ornare, et pocula ponere ; pa- 
rant epulas, potandaque vina minis- 
trant ; cibo pasci suavi ; dapibus epu- 
iare opimis ; epulis fungi. 

To ivelcome friends home with a 
Banquet ; prandium exhibere adven- 
torium, i. e. pro amicorum faelici ad- 

All the guests came to the Banquet ; 
venit ad dapes turba vocata. 



A princely Banquet ; saliareni in 
morem epulari. 

To Banquet and fare like a prince; 
apud Cic. Convivium magnifice in- 
structum ; exquisitiores epuhe ; Ter. 

A BAR or hinderance ; obstaculum, 
n, exceptio, f. 

To Bar or keep from ; interdiccre. 

To plead at the Bar in a court of 
law; pro tribunaii agere; Cic. 

To pitch the Bar ; sudum jactu vi- 
brare ; Quint. 

She Barred up the door; ostio 
(foribus) obdit pessulum ; Ter. 

The way is Barred up ; obsepta est 
via ; Plaut. 

He is to be Barred from giving 
his voice ; de ponte dejiciendus est. 

^AB. up the doors; occludile sdes 
repagulis; Plaut. 

To break open the Bars ; convellere 
repatiula ; Cic. 

They endeavored to beat down the 
statue with Bars ; demoliii signum, ac 
vectibus labefactfH'e conantur ; Cic. 

He Barred the Romans out of all 
Gaul; orani Gallia Romanis interdix- 
it; Cffis. 

To Bar out the sea with a mound 
and works ; extrudere mare aggere ac 
molibus ; Css. 

A BARBARIAN ; barbarus, bar- 

Barbarism in speech; barbarismiis, 
soloecismus. See Solecism. 

Barbarous or cruel; barbarus, 
trux, truculentus. 

To speak Barbarously ; oratione 
inculta uli ; incongrue loqui. 

Barbarity or cruelty; barbaries, 
saevitia, iramanitas. 

iittde or Barbarous in speech; in 
sermone aggrestis ; inconditus in dia- 
lecto sua ; inquinale, incondite, inipe- 
rite, incongrue, ineleganter loquens. 

To speak Barbarously ; sermone 
barbaro, rudi, agresti ; oratione inculta, 
inconcinna ; eleganlia rusticana, culi- 
naria, uti. Crassc, barbare, imperife, 
impolite, incongrue, incondite, incon- 
cinne, ineleganter, inepte, indiserte lo- 
qui, garfire ncscio quid. Obsoletum, 
peregrinum, a puritate Romani sermo^ 
nis alienum quid eftundere, effutire. 
Veram, germanam, genuinam Latinita'tis 
suavitatem, elegantiam non sapere, non 

Socage, cruel, and Barbarous; 
sceleribus ferox, ferus ; spirans cruddi- 



tatera, miserorura illusor, exagitator, 
barbarus, sievus ; incultus vir et iiorri- 
dus, truculentus, sanguineus. 

BARE, or naked; nudus: adj. 
nudatus, detectus, p. ; glaber. 

BARE-footed ; uudipes, excalceatus, 
discalceatus ; planipes. 

BARE-/oof and have-legged ; pedes 
et crura nudus. 

Baue in clothes ; veternosus, pan- 


Bare, without hair, grass, or herbs ; 
glaber, gjabclhis ; adj. 

A BATtuplatf tvithout com or grass; 

To make Bare ; glabrare, detegere, 
iiudare, denndare. 

To make Baue again ; renudare. 

Barely, i. e. slenderly or poorlij ; 
nude, lenuitcr, exiliter, jejune. 

Baue of money ; indigens pecunia. 

Thread-BARE ; tritus, attritus. 

He icill believe me upon my Bare 
word; injurato credet mihi ; Plant. 

/ will shear him to the Bare skin ; 
tondebo hunc usque ad vivam cutem 5 

To run BAUT.-foot, on his hare feet; 
pede hudato currere; Tibuli. 

He entertains such as are Bare of 
help and wealth ; orbos auxilii opuni- 
<ji:e recipit hue ad se ; Plaut. 

To go BAur.-headed, — with his head 
bare ; capite aperto ambulare ; Petron. 

A BAB,GA.iN,or contract ; pactura, 
conventio ; contractus-us, ni. Sponsio, 
stipulatio, f. Sponsum, n. 

To Bargain, or to make a bargain ; 
pacisci, paugere, depacisci, contrabere, 
stipulari ; raiionen) contrabere ; pac- 
tum, pactionem, stipulationcm, facere, 
sancine, conflare, conficere, instituere, 
cum aiiquo ; pacto, pactione, stipula- 
tione, se obligare. 

To Bargain with, or to traffic; ne- 
gotia tractare, rem agere, niercaturam 
Jibere exercere, negotia cum aiiquo 
contrabere ; coraraercium cuin aiiquo 

To stand to one's Bargain ; stare 
conventis, niaucrt- pacto ; Cic. 

To deal deceiifnlly in Bargaining ; 
circumvciiire aliqueni. 

A Bargain j i. e. it is agreed; pla- 
cet conditio. 

To }nake a Bargain with another; 
cum altero contrabere, pacisci ; Cic. Liv. 
He hath passed it away by B arc Aia; 
pactione traDsniisit. 

BA ' 

He said he had Bargained u^th 
you for five pence farthing ; se ternis 
nummis tecum transegisse dicebat; 

To break one's Bargain ; a pac. 
tione abire, discedere ; pactum fran- 
gere, rumpere, violare. 

You hate bought a very good Bar- 
gain ; pecunia tua bene cuUocata est 
isto mercimonio. 

To sell one a good Bargain ; vili, 
parvo prelio aliquid vendere. 

BARREN 5 sterilis, infoecundus', of- . 
foetus, infertilis ; infrugiferus, vel in- 
fructuosus ; nudus, arenosus, aridus, 
siccus, asper, siticulosus, exliaustu^s j 
macer: as, 

A Barren land; terra sterilis, je- 
juna, infrugifera, rupibus aspera, squa- 
lens, macra, macilenta, infoecunda, du- 
ra, infelix ; arenosa, infructuosa. Hu- 
mus nuda, arida, sicca, segnis, iners ; 
nee herbida, nee frugifera. Solum si- 
ticulosum et peraridum, incultura et de- 
relic turn ; lam exile ut aratro perstringi 
non possit. Locus spinis obsitus. 
Ager malignus, propter sterilitatem, 
nialignitatem, incultus, desertus, inuti- 
lis ; qui nihil procreat, parit, fert, pro- 
fert : qui maligsie fructum edit, nullum 
producit, fruges non emittit. Triste 
solum, sterilis sine fruge, sine arbore 
tellus, Deserta sili regio : laj)is 
omnia nudus : limosoque pahis ob- 
ducit pascua junco. Terra nihil pfo- 

creans, ferens, producens, fructum non 


A Barren M'omajj ; niulier sterilis, 

infoecunda, nullorum liberorum parens. 

Cui steriles thalami, nulloque ululata 

dolore. Respexit Lucina domum. 

Nulla prole beata parens. 

Very Barren j permacer, adrao- 

dum sterilis. 

The land is grown Barren ; exole- 

scit ager ; fatiscit solum segetibus ; 

efFocti sunt agri ; Virg. i. e. continua 

fertilitate lassati ; exinauitur seges ; 

Col. Defrugatur ager ; Plin. Ema- 

ceratur terrasatu.miiriij Piin. Vanes- 

cit seges in herbam sterilcm ; Ovid. 

Malignus est ager ; colics nialigni ; 

Virg. Messes quaa malie creverunt ; 

Ovid. Ager mains est, cum quo lucta- 

tur dominus; ager ad sterilitatem dam- 


The tree is grown Baures ; evales- 

cit arbor ; Plin. 
BASE, adj. j. e. mean and low ; 


bumilis, obscurus, vulgaris, abjectusj 
tiirpis, sordidus. 

A Base spii'it ; degener animus j 
animus abjectus. 

Base, i. e. of mean parentage ; ig- 
robilis, plebeius, terra-lilius. 

The Baser sort ; plebecula, faex 

BASZ-born; spurius, nothus, adul- 

Base or counterfeit, as metal; adul- 

Base, or tile; turpis, vilis, sordi- 
dus. Base or wicked; pxavus, ne- 
quam, nuliius precii. 

A Base wretch; homo impurus, im- 
probus, scelestus; sceJus, subst. infa- 
mis nebuio. 

Base, or sneaJdng and cowardly; 

Baseness of spirit ; abjectio animi. 

The Base sort ; infirai, infimates, 
ignota capita, sine nomine turba. 

A Base shuffling trick ; fraus, ver- 
sutia, indignum facinus ; stropha,-se, f. 

Of a Base mind; homo angusli, 
coutracti atque demissi animi, qui ni- 
hil altum aut sublime, nihil magnificum 
aut generosum cogitat, sapit, qui om- 
nes suas cogitationes in res humiles, 
contemptas abjicit, conjicit : cui mens 
parva et prava, oppleta tenebris, sordi- 
dus, cui animus est ab omni gloriae stu- 
dio aversus : in huraiies, planeque sor- 
didas cogitationes dejedus : cujus ani- 
mus humi repit, serpitjjacet: demisse 
et h urn i liter sentiens : ad servitutem 
natus, cujus in animo est natura molle 
quiddam, dcraissum, languidum, liu- 
mile et enervatum. Homo natus ad 
servitutem j qui debilitata virtute fracto 
est animo ; Tac. Qui abjecto, demis- 
so, pusillo, fracto et debilitato, humili 
ct abjecto, jejuno, servili, angusto, et 
perculso est animo. Qui omnes cogi- 
tationes in res humiles et abjectas con- 

A Base and low mind is not capa- 
ble of an earnest desire qf glory ; ex 
pusillo animo gloriae cupiditas non 
euiergit, exoritur, existit, effluit ; an- 
gustos animos, ampla et pr%clara cogi- 
tatio non ingreditur. 

Of Basz and low birth; homo no- 
vus, inglorius, atque ignobilis : majori- 
bus obscuris, genere, loco, sanguine, 
familia, gente infima, ignota, ignobili, 
humili, sordida, obscura, abjecta ortus, 
Datuii, prognatus, editus, Homo re- 



pentinus, a se ortus, ex infimo genere 
et fortunes gradu, non mudo nobis, sed 
nee inter suos quidem notus. Homo 
plebeius, obscurus, minorum gentium, 
infimae conditiunisj natalibus ignotis, 
plebeia stirpe oriundus : humillimis pa- 
rentibus editus, qui nuUis generis aucto- 
ribus, nulla majorum laude honestatur, 
commendatur, insignitur. Terraj filius, 
nescio quis. Subdititius, qui ne ma^- 
treni quidem novit: quem nemo prop- 
ter igiiobilitalem nominat. Pauperuni 
sanguis parenlum : orta domo parva. — 
Humilis, vulgi pars infima nostri. — 
Non ille loco nee origine gentis clarus, 
Syri Damae aut Dionysii filius — Nul- 
lis majoribus ortus. — Huaiili de stirpe 
creatus. — Ingenuo qui non est patre 
natus : cujus nemo queatpatriam mon- 
strare parentis. Non refert quali sit 
quisque parcnte ortus, dum ingenuus, 
&c. Horat. Serm. 1. G. 

Though he were never so Base <t 
fellow ; ut homo turpissimus esset j 

To get wealth in a Base way; in- 
honeste parare divitias ; Ter. 

O Base ! O facinus indignum ! Ter. 

It is Base ; turpe est ; Ter. 

What can be more Base a speech 
than — &c. ; quae vox potest esse con- 
temptior, quam— &c. ; Cic. 

She had a mind to get wealth 
Basely ; inhoneste optavit opes ac- 
quirere ; Ter. 

A Base mind; one that thinks 
too basely of himself; animus abjec- 
tus ; exigui, pusilli, infirmi, imbecilli 
animi es, infirmus ab animo es, animo 
jaces, jacet animus luus : roboris ac 
nervorum in animo tuo parura est, ni- 
miam deraisso, nimium imbecillo animo 
es ; animus tibi sine animo est ; abest 
animus ab animo ; facile conimoveris ; 
facile animo concidis, langues animo, 
languet animus tuus, animum in te de- 
sidero, requiro. 

A Base arrant knave; profligatissi- 
mus nebuio. But he is not so Base- 
minded ; is autem non tarn humi re- 

He is so Base as to — Sfc. ; is tam 
abjecto est animo, ut — &c. 

It is Base to be a liar ; illiberalis 
est voluptas ex mendaciis capere vo- 
liiptatem. For tliat is the temper of a 
base and wretched disposition ; id enim 
pusilli minutique vitium est animi. 

He is of 80 meaUf Base, and low q. 



« dictioH, that he is nothing to be com- 
pared with Cicero; oratione utitur 
adeo tcnui et abjecta, ut eodein non 
tooniinandus sit die cum Cicerone. 

BASHFUL, or modest; verecun- 
dus, pudens, pudicus, raodestus, pudi- 

To be Bashful ; pudescere, pude- 
fieri, &c. 

Bashfulness; pudor; verecundia, 

Shamefaced or Bashful ; erabes- 
criis, rubore tinctus, rubicundus, tiiiii- 
dns, gratiam in fionte habens. . 

A Bashful jKon; homo timidus et 
pcrmodesUis, verecundus, virginali vere- 
cundia, modestia sumina ; in quo mo- 
destias multum est. Modestissimus vir. 
Admoduin vcrecunda fronte puer, quem 
levissima causa in ruborem dat : vultu 
peru'odesto. — Verecundo vix tollens 
Jumina vultu. Modcstus, modestissi- 
nius adolescens, raoderatus vir ; tern- 
perati mores; sedatus animus j Cic. 
Modicum gaudium, domiti oculi, 

^Bastard, or base-bom cUU; 
ipurius, nothus, bastardus, illegitimus, 
adulterinus, filius populi, nuUius filius, 
submissitius, supposititius, terras filius, 
subdititius, inventitius. Cui fortuna 
non dedit, ut patre certo nascerelur. 
Partus illegitimus ; e stupro natus, stu- 
pro, illegitimo coitu, thalamo genitus. 
Nothus. Spurius, ex moecha, patre in- 
certo editus, atque susceptus. Non 
justa uxore genitus. Populi, terrae fi- 
iius. Puer furto conceptus. Male con- 
ceptus infans; illegitimo thalamo ge- 
nitus ; incerto patre, muliere non nota 
natus ; baud proprio de conjuge geni- 
tus ; qui ne patris quidem nomen di- 
cere possit; male conceptus infans; 
Ovid. Incertus; Virg. Varius ; ex 
patribus conventitiis infans ; Plaut. 

To BATE, or abate ; subducere, di- 
minuerc ; rcmittere de summa, dirait- 
tere, detrahere ; decessionem facere. 

To Bate, or to be abated j irami- 
nui, decrescere, residere. 

Bated ; detractus de surama, rcmis- 


A Bating ; detractio, reniissio de 

He Bated him not an accy but told 
him all; nihil reticuit; Ter. 

^BATTLE, con/?,c< or fight, Sfc; 
pra.liura, pugna, diuiicatio, congressus, 
congressio, confiictio, conflictu*-us, m. 


In open Battle ; aperto Marte, 
aperto bello. 

A set Battle ; pugna stalaria. A 
battle by sea ; naumachia, pugna na* 

To Battle ; praeiiari^dimicari, pug- 

To engage in Battle ; confligere. 

To begin the Battle ; velitari, pug- 
niE pra'ludere. 

He that is sent out b^ore the Bat- 
tle to defy or provoke the enemy ; 

To join Battle ; prajlium con- 
serere, confligere, signa conferre ; col- 
iatis signis pugnare. 

A Battle h^ore a city or toivn ; 
bellum antarium; quod scil. ante ur- 
bem geritur. 

To sound to Battle ; militibus sig- 
nura dare ; Martem instruere, signa, 
bellura canere. 

To sound a retreat from Battle ; 
classicum, bellicum canere ; receptui 
canere ; canere recessus. 

To fight in B ATT 1.1S. against f Ifc; 
praeliari cum aliquo ; prseliura commit- 
tere ; praelio dimicare ; decertare pr»- 
lio, mann, vel, ferro, confligere, conflic- 
tari ; Cic, Praelio contendere, confli- 
gere : conficere praelium ; Cais. Inire, 
facere praelium : decernere praelio ; 
dimicare acie ; ad manus venire ; con> 
ferre, conserere manum cum hoste ; 
Liv. Decernere ; absol. Tac. De- 
scendere in arenam ; Plin. Concurrere 
cum aliquo ; Salust. committere ; Ulp. 
decernere, absol. Tac. 

They fought many Battle* b^ore 
the gates ; serebant crebra prablia pro 

To put his forces in Battle array ; 
legiones in acie conslituere ; Cses. 

To offer Battle ; productis copiis 
pMgnandi potestatem facere ; Caes. 

He resolved the next day to give 
them Battle ; posterura diem pugnai 
conslituit ; Caes. 

It came to a Battle ; res ad ma- 
nus, atque pugnam veniebat ; Cic. 

To put it to a Battle ; pugna de- 
certare ; Caes. 

The Battle was doubtful; vario 
Marte pugnatura est. 

To begin a Battle ; certamen, 
pugnam, praeliimi inire ; Cfes. 

Night ended the Battle j nox prai- 
lium direniit ; Plaut. 

To make ready for Battle ; ad cer- 


tamen se accingcre j ad saga ire : (Sa- 
guni autera vestimt'ntum erat luilitare.) 
He has won the Battle j vicit, su- 
perior evasit. 

A doubtful Battle; prajlium an- 

To run the hazard of a general 
Battle ; in casum universae dimica- 
tionis venire. 

To BAWL, or cry out ; vociferaii, 
clamare, exclamare ; vocera iiiniis ex- 
tendere ; plenis faucibus eructare, so- 
lium edere : claraorem et contentionem 
adliibere ; alta voce inclaniare, excla- 
mare tragice. 

You had better not have made a 
Bawling here; non feciss-e erat me- 
lius hie co'nvitium ; Ter. Lycisca kept 
a great bawling ; multura latravit 
Lycisca; Virg. He came bawling to 
me ; venit ad me clamitans ; Ter. 

To keep or hold one at a BAY ; 
moraii, sjstere, tenere ; aliquem ruen- 
t' m irapetu sustinere. 

To BE ; esse, existere, fieri. Be it 
so ; esto, licet, fiat, fac ita esse. To 
be hereafter; futurus. That which 
may or may not be ; contingens. 

To Be, is variously rendered in La- 
tin, according to the word following it : 
as, To be in good health ; bene se ha- 
bere, recte valere. To be sick ; raorbo 
affici. To be in danger; in discrimine 
versari. To be always before one's eyes ; 
ocuiis obversari. To be at enmity with 
one ; inimicitias graves cum aliquo ge- 
rere. To be thankful; gratumse prai- 
bcre. To be of no aidhoriiy, i. e. to 
have little authority ; paruni valere ; 
non multum posse. To be a father to 
one, 8^-c. ; fungi vice jjatris, &c. ; ali- 
cui. He having heen consul; perfunc- 
tus consulatu. 

Otherwise^ to Be is usually a sign 
of a verb passive or neuter : as, To be 
taught; doceri. To h^ beaten; vapu- 
lare. To be afraid; timere. To be 
under; subesse. To be in; inesse. 
To be away or absent ; abesse. To be 
present; adesse. 

It is in Being ; est in rerura na- 

They are not noio in Being ; jam 
nusquam sunt ; in rebus humanis non 

I do little with Bei^g here ; pT?e- 
sens commoveo parum ; Ter. 

Being, or that is in being; esis- 
tcns, positus, ens. 



/ had Been at his house; apud 
eum fuissem ; Cic. 

He has Been absent these three 
months ; tres menses abest; Ter. / 
was q/'raid you had beeng-one ; njetue- 
bam ne abiisses ; Plaut. i have been 
here a great while ; ego jaradudum hie 
adsuni ; Ter. / will make as \f I luid 
been thei'e; quasi affuerim assimulabo j 

Variotis phrases for, to Be. 
That I should Be at so much labor 
for — ; tantum me laborera capere 
ob — ; Ter. It cannot be but you 
must say — ; fieri nullo pacto potest, 
ut non dicas ; Cic. Fieri id non po- 
test quin — ; Ter. / believe he will be 
here by and by ; credo ilium jam adfu- 
turum esse ; 1 ef. Be it that masters 
may use severity ; heris sit sane adhi- 
benda saevitia ; Cic, Not so much as 
I used to be ; non tarn quam solebara ; 
Cic. If she be never so much of kin ; 
si cognata est majwme ; Ter. Be the 
price never so great, it is well bought ; 
sed quanti quanti bene emitur ; Cic. 
Though you be never so excellent; 
quantumvis licet excellas ; Cic. Be 
they never so many ; quantuscunque 
Humerus adhibeatur ; Quint, You 
would hardly be on his side ; cum iijo 
baud stares ; Ter. So be it ; be it so ; 
fiat; Ter. What should the matter 
be ; quid sit ? Ter. So it be no trou- 
ble to you; quod commodo tuo facere 
poteris ; Cjc. Sine raolestia tua fiat — ; 
Id. He could not bear to be out of 
command ; imperio carere non potuit ; 
Cic. He cannot be without this; hoc 
carere non potest; Cic. If any be 
grown so insolent ; si quis eo insolen- 
tiae processerit ; Plin. Till the rest of 
the company be come up; quoad reli- 
q)ia muliitudo advenerit ; Sail. Desi- 
rous to be g07ie ; cupidus decedendi ; 
Cic. He was making ready io be 
gone; abitumparabat; Virg. JBu^ be 
it so — ; suppose it be 50, yet — ; ve- 
rum ut ita sit, tamen — ; Cic. / will 
soon (or quickly) be back again ; re- 
dibo actutum ; Plaut. But be that as 
it will be., or may be ; sed quoquo mo- 
do sese illud habet ; Cic. Cui cui 
modo est ; Cell. If you be any where 
away; si absis uspiam; Ter. I shall 
be as mad as he; insaniam profecto 
cum illo ; Ter. Be assured of this; 
crede hoc ; Ter. You sJmU be put to 
your oath; dabitur jusjurandum; Ter. 



It will be ill for you ; feres infortu- 
nium ; Ter. It will not be ; non fiet ; 
Ter. It happened as well as could be ; 
melius fieri hand potuit quam factum 
est ; Ter. Jf he be true to himself; 
hie si sibi esse consentiat ; — Consen- 
taneus sit ; Cic. It is as ill as it can 
be ; pejore res loco esse non potest. 
There was no reason why you should 
be at so great pains — ; non fuit causa, 
cur taiitura laborem caperes — ; Cic, 
Not to be tedious ; ne longum faciani ; 
Hor. He cannot be quiet ; non potest 
quiescere ; Cic. To be the cause of 
his own bad fortune; sibimalam facere 
fortunam ; Colum. With as little trou- 
ble as may be ; nuniiuA cum raoleslia ; 
Cic. As great honor «« might be ; 
quantus maximus poterat hones ; Liv. 
It must he accounted of as — ; pro eo 
Itabendum est alque — ; Ulp. If so 
be he be willing ; si est, ut velit ; Ter. 
Admit it he so; fac itaesse; Cic. But 
be it so ; verura esto ; Cic. So came 
lie to be in fault ; hinc in ilium crimen 
oritur ; Cic. Be it tliat all things hap- 
pen contrary ; ut omnia contra accide- 
rent ; Cic. 

To BEAR or carry ; portare, ferre, 
gestare, bajulare. 

To Bear or suffer; tolerare, per- 
ferre, pati. 

To Bear or bring forth; parere. 

To Bear or support; sustinere, 
\ To Bear down a thing in its way ; 
prosternere, proturbare, obruere. 

To Bear one down in discourse, and 
make him yield ; e\ incere, adigere in 

To Bear off at distance; ncut. 

To Bear off; act ; prohibere, pro- 
teiare ; avertere. 

To Bear one out in a thing; secu- 
rum prajbtare. 

To Bea r out, or stand jutting out ; 
prominere, propendere. 

To Bear up ; fulcire, suffulcire. 

To Bear up against the wind, tide, 
stream, Sfc. ; obniii. 

To Bear up against a person; re- 

To Bear towards a coast in sailing ; 

To Bear with one ; indulgerc, par- 
cere, dare veuiam. 

7\> Bear affection to one; ardere 


amore alicujus ; amare aliquem pluri- 

To Bear one good will or respect ; 
animo esse in aliquem benevolo ; fave- 
re aliquem, complecti benevolentia ; 
voluntate in aliquem propendere. 

To Bear one a spite ; odisse, infen- 
sum esse. 

To Bear one company; comiJari, 

To Bear one's charges ; suppedi- 
tare, suggerere sumptus. 

To Bear sway ; dominari, regnare, 
ijnperiura exercere. 

To Bear wihicss; testari, testimo- 
nium perhibere. 

The papei' will not Bear ink ; ckarta 
transmittit literas. 

To Bear fruit ; fructum ferre, fa- 

To Bear a loss ; praestare damnum. 

To Bear with or suffer unpunished ; 
saepius delinquentem tolerare, integrum, 
impunitum, liberum, intactum, sine 
poena, sine animadversione dimittere, 
nulla poena afficere, coercere. Delicta, 
noxas, otiensas dissimulare, impune 
praeterire. Facilitate, dementia, leni- 
tate summa, mira, delinquentibus par- 
cere, ad multa connivere, nihil in reos 
gravius statuerc. Multa sciens, pru- 
denter, studio, data opera, conniventi- 
bus ocuMs, quasi velatis et clausis ocu- 
iis, dissimulanter transiit atque celavit. 

To Bear with patiently ; sequi bo- 
liique consulere ; nedum illis succeii- 
sere ; dementia in aliquem, vel aliquos 

But they use to Bear someiclud 
with soldiers ; verum militibiis aliquid 
concedi solet. 

To Bear the blame of the matter ; 
rem aliquam sui periculi facere ; Ter. 
Crimen in se trahere ; rei alicujus infa- 
miara, dedecus, subire ; damnum sar- 
cire. Suo ut periculo id flat ; suo fac- 
tum iri in periculo ultro pollicitus. 

/ will Bear it as well as I can ; ut 
potero feram ; Ter. Tliey say they 
bear a great load ; onus se ^tna gra- 
vius dicunt sustinere ; Cic. He bears 
the chances of fortune very well ; fortui- 
tos casus magno animo sustinet ; Colum. 

That office did /Bear when Tudi- 
tanus and Cethegus were consuls; il- 
ium magistratum gessi consulibus Tudi- 
tano et Cethego ; Cic, 

To Beau one's charge; or the 


charge of any thing; alicujus sumpta? 
sufFerre ; tolerare ; Ter. 

To Bear arms against — ; ferre arma 
contra — ; Cic. 

/ Bea n it in mind ; in memoria ha- 
bco ; niemini ; Ter. 

Vou yourself shall Bea r me witness ; 
ipse mihi tu testis eris ; Virg. What 
prices hear swine here? quibus hie pre- 
ciis porci veneiint? Piaut. TA^y bear 
a price ; eorum precia vigent ; Coluni. 
Let him sell oil if it bear any price ; 
vendat oleum si pretiuin habeat ; Cato. 
Sicilian honey bears away tJie bell; 
Siculum mel fert pal main ; Van: 

When for some cause tliey Bear ((/"- 
fection to any ; cum aliqua de causa 
quempiara diligunt ; Cic. / bear good 
will to that nutid ; illi faveo virgin! ; 
Ter. They bear a singular good affec- 
tion towards you ; sunt singular! in te 
bencvolentia ; Cic. He bears an he- 
reditary hatred against him ; haeredi- 
tarium in eum exercet odium ; Paterc. 
She is so old she is past bearing chil- 
dren ; parere jam diu hzec per annos 
non potest ; Ter. He gives more than 
bis estate will icell bear; benignior 
est quam res patitur ; Cic. He is not 
able to bear so gi'eal an envy ; tani 
niagnas non est par invidiae ; Mart. 
He bears himself as consul; con- 
sulemsefert; Tacit. As far as your 
estate would bear ; pro re tua ; Ter. 

Not able to Bear such great costs; 
suraptibus impar. Quis ita firmus 
ab opibus est, ut sustinerc sumptum 
possit? Cujus diviliae sumptui pares 
esse possint? ferendo sumptui quis sit? 
tantam impensara quis sustineat? Ita^ 
raagni sumptus fiunt, ut ferri non , pos- 
sint : ita gravis est impensa, ut debili- 
tate atque opprimere quemvis possit : 
non is est sumptus qui ferri possit : su- 
pra modum, inimoderatus est. 

To Bea r rule, or to be in office and 
authority ; cum iraperio esse. Gessi 
maxima imperia, sustinui, administravi 
maximas res, summis rebus praefui, sum- 
ma mihi commissa sunt imperia, credi- 
ta, mandata, tradita : curam gessi re- 
rum raaximarum ; araplissimo imperio 
non semel usus sum, magno saepe cum 
iraperio fui. 

He Bears two faces under a hood, 
He says one thing and means another ; 
aliud pra; se fert, aliud sentit. Vultus 
simulatione Sustinetur ; aliud vultu sig- 
nificatur, aliud in animo latetj non 



congruit animus cum vultu ; dtssentit 
animus a vultu ; animi sensum vultus 
occultat. Covetousness now bears the 
sway ; avaritia hodie doroinatur. His 
temporibus latissime patet avarida ubi« 
que, ubique locorum, ubivis, ubivis io- 
corum, nusquam non est, dominatur, 
fegnat, viget maxime, orbem terrarum 
est complexa, omnium animos occupa- 
vit, ac tenet, in animos omnium inep- 
sit, infecti sunt omnes avaritiae labe : 
plus operae in re quasrenda, in opibus 
congerendis, in divitiis colligendis, cora- 
parandis, contrahendis, ponitur> con- 
suraitur, locatur, quam deceat ; avari- 
tia3 vitio hodie fere nemo non laborat ; 
propensi omnes fere sunt ad avaritiam ; 
ad summum pervenit avaritia, eo pro- 
cessit, eo esU avaritia progressa, quo 
maxime potuit, quo longius non datur, 
quo non licet uUerius. 

A BEARD ; barba. 

A little Beard ; barbula. 

A long Beard j barba promissa. 

He that has much hair upon his 
Beard ; raultibarbus. 

The first appearance of a Beard ; 
prima lanugo. To begin to have a 
beard ; barbescere, pubescere. 

Beardless ; imberbis. 

A Beard of corn; arista, spica. 

A Bearded ear of com; arista spi- 

His Beard is newly grown; jam 
primuni, nuper barbam induit, barba 
mento succrevit, exeruit se, effloruit. 
Jam prima puras barba signabat ge- 
nas. Jam prima genas vestibat flore ju- 
venta. Et suberat flavae jam nova bar- 
ba comae. — Prima tectus lanugine ma- 
las. Signarat teneras dubia lanugine 

To shave the Beard ; barbam tonde- 
re, abradere ; barbam ponere, deponere. 

To let the Beard grow ; barbam 
promittere, fovere, pascere, nutrire. 

To have a Beard growing ; barbam 
eraittere, pilos emittere; barbare, pi- 
lare : cw. Tunc primum pilabant gena? ; 
^tius. A long, grisly beard ; barbam 
alere hirsutam, sordidam, horridam, ca- 
prinam. Suniraoque cadit barba hispida 
mento. — Passus erat — genis increscere 
barbam. Cui plurima mento canities 
inculta jacet. Impexa pendet barba 
horrida. Mulcens promissam ad pec- 
tora barbam. 

To Beard, i.e. foott^&rore; barbam 
alicui veliere. 



Bearded, or outbraved; insolenter 
habitus, tractatus. 

A BEAST ; bestia, bellua ; brutum. 

A little Beast ; bestiola. 

A wild Beast ; fera. 

Beasts o/cAosc; ferae campestres. 

Beasts qf a forest ; ferae sylvestres. 

Beasts or cattle ; pecora. A herd 
of beasts ; arraentuiu. 

A Beast for service ; juraentum. 

A Beast for sacrifice ; victima. 

Beastly or brutish; nidus. 

Beastly or filthy ; fcedus, obscoe- 

Beastliness ; bestialitas. Belong- 
ing to <i beast ; bestialis, belluinus. 

Wild or brute Beasts ; ferae bestiae, 
rautae ^estiae, belluae, bruta, aniniantia, 
aniinalia ; jumenta, ajuvando; ut ar- 
nienla, ab arando, majora sunt ; pecu- 
des, pecora, pecuaria minora, greges pe- 

Beastly or cruel; belluinus, imma- 
nis^ferus, agrestis, importunus, atrox, 

Beastliness and sensualittj; efFu- 
sio in voluptates, voluptuaria vitia, mol- 
lities, libido immoderata, belluina vo- 
luptas, foeditas coiitaminatissitna. 

To BEAT or strike ; caedere, verbe- 
rare, ferire, percutere. 

To Beat or knock; pulsare, plan- 

To Beat or punish ; plectere, pu- 
»ire, male mulctare. 

To be Beaten or punished ; vapu- 
■ lare, caedi. 

To Beat or overcome ; vincere, pro- 
fligare, superare, superiorem evadere. 

To Beat against, as the ivaves 
against the rocks; illidi, plangere. 

3'o Beat back ; repellere, repercu- 

To Beat down; dcmoliri, pessun- 
dare', discutere, obterere. 

To B EA t « thing into one's memory ; 

To Beat out,, as com with a jkal ; 

To Beat with a cudgel ; fustigare. 

To Beat black and blue; sugillare. 

To Beat in a mortar; tundere, con- 

To Beat the price ; licitari. 

To Beat his brains; excogitare, in- 
gcnii hervos intendere. 

Beaten or stampt down close ; sti- 

A Beaten way ; via trita. 

The Beating of the pulse; pulsus 


arterisD. The slow beating of the pulse ; 
pulsus languidus. The quick beating 
of it ; creber pulsus. 

To Beat or strike with violence ; 
manus, vim alicui offerre, afFerre, inferre. 
Vim facere. Eustibus, pugnis tundere, 
cojitundere, verberare, ferire, affligere, 
percutere, pulsare, excipere, prosterne- 
re, di verberare, male accipere, diminu- 
ere caput, Male multare usque ad ne- 
cem. Colapbos, alapasinfligere, ingere- 
re,impingere,incutere, infringere alicui, 
Colaphis, pugnis, verberibus accipere, 
excipere, caidere, obtundere ; pessirae 
tractare. Terga baculo fatigare. Pul- 
sare OS. Tripode caput pectere. Icti- 
bus onerare. Onmes dentes labefecit 
mihi. Puguus in mala haesit. Co)a< 
phis tuber est totiim caput, Tergum, 
corpus virgis inscribere ; verberibus 
laniare, lacerare cruentis. 

To Beat down with artillery, or to 
batter ; machinis oppida subruere. ^tor- 
mentis conciitere ; bombardis, dira ja- 
cere fulniina; verberare urbem tormen- 
tis ; machinis bellicis nmros contun. 
dere, perfodere ; mcenia ariete quatere ; 
Liv. Crebris arietibus rauros impe- 

To Beat one; colaplmm alicui in- 
cutere, inflectere, impingere ; pugnos 
alicui ingerere ; manus alicui inferre ; 
pugnos in aliquem- exercere; pugnum 
in OS ingerere ; minus amice aliquem 
accipere ; male accipere ; asperius trac- 
tare ; vix manus ab aliquo abstinere ; 
virgis, verberibus, flagris, flageliis, pfa- 
gis, loris, scorpioilibus, quempiam, cjk- 
dere,. coercere, mnlctare, cruentare, ex- 
animare, lacerare, iclibus aliquem one- 
rare ; duris onerare. pectora plagis. 

The Spartan boys were Beaten to 
death ; Sparta; pueri verberibus exci- 
piuntur ad necem ; Cic. 

To Beat one often; ictus crebros 
alicui congerere. 

He Beat me with about five hundred 
blows ; plus quingentos colaphos impe- 
git mihi. 

To be Beaten, or whipt with rods ; 
scuticis, loris, plagis, virgis, scorpioni- 
bus, verberibus lacerari, cruentari, va- 
pulare, muictari, conscindi, ca;di,confi- 
ci, onerari, coerceri, frangi ; ad necem 
accipi ; ita accipi ut multus e visceribus 
sanguis exeat; ut multa vibice totam 
Corpus rigcat ; cruciari, foede laniari, 
dilaniari ; dari totum in ruborera. Vir- 
gis verberari, gravissimas plagas exci- 
pere, accipere, perferre. Elagellari. 


FJagris caedi. Usque ad necem operiri 
loris. Loris uri. Flagra pati. Praebere 
corpora plagis. — Verberibus caedun- 
tur terga nefandis. Mea crudeli la- 
cerantur verbere terga. Duris one- 
rantur pectora plagis. Inusta turpiter 
tibi flagella. La;sus flagellis admurteiu ; 
przeconiis ad fastidiuni. 

He Beat me with stones ; petiit ine 

Words will do no good on such an 
ass, he must be Beaten with blows ; 
asinus non seiitit, nisi fustem. 

/ will Beat him so, that he sliall 
feel my fists; is pugnos sentiet inecs. 
He made three great swellings by beat- 
ing on my head with his book; tria is 
tubera, iibro suo in verliceni ineum 
percusso fecit. 

Beaten like stock-fish; asello prox- 
inius. He beat m£ severely ; male me 
raulctavit; sum obtasus pugnispessime. 

Thou shall be Beaten soundly; va- 
pulabis largiter. 

/ sliall 6e Beaten for it, if — ; de 
meo alioquin tergo depeudendura est. 

To Beat to death; niulctare ; dever- 
berare usque ad mortem ; necem j Ter. 

He Beat them so, that — ; adeo 
cecidit ut — ; Flor. 

You Beat, I only am beaten; tu 
pulsas, ego vapulo tantum ; Juv. 

He did Beat the consuls, or tlie 
consuls were Beaten by him; ab eo 
consuies superati sunt ; Cic. 

To the end they might be the more 
$asUy Beaten ; quofacilius vinci pos- 
sent ; Cic. 

The billows Beat against the shore; 
fluctus llliduntur in littus ; Quint. 

An old Beaten soldier ; miles eme- 
ritus, veteraTius. 

/ will Beat out your brains; tibi 
jam o^rebrum dispergam hie ; Ter. 

BEAUTY ; forma, pulchritudo, spe- 
. cies, venustas ; decus, n. decor, m. 

A great Beauty ; egregia sive la- 
culerita forma. 

To Beautify or adorn ; exomare, 
condecorare. To beautify the skin, 
and make it look handsome ; inducere 
cuti nitorem. To beautify the face with 
painting; fucare, coiorare, purpuris- 
sare, punicare. 

To be ;^eautiful ; splendescere. 

To lose Beauty ; deflorere, deflo- 

Somewhat Beautiful ; yenustulus, 
pulchcllus, fioridulus. 



Very Beautiful j perpulcher, con» 

That which makes more Beautiful; 

^ Beautiful you^fe; puer formo- 
sus, speciosus, venustus, pulcher et ele- 
gans ; eximia pulchritudine excellens ; 
elegantia formie conspicuus ; cunctis 
foim% dotibus insignitus ; dignitate 
corporis prsestans. Qui tantam habet 
pulchritudinem ; ut nulla species n« 
excogitari quidem possit omatior. Lon- 
ge ante alios specie ac pulchritudins 
insignis. Formosi . corporis spolium 
dies auferet. Candidus, et talos a ver- 
lice pulcher ad imos. Facie, specie in- 
signis. Forma conspiciendus, egregius, 
Fgregio spectabilis ore. Qui forma via- 
cit Nerea. — Magnum egregio decus eni- 
tet ore. — Quis Apollineo pulchrior ore 
fuit ? 

A Beautiful maid, or woman; 
adolescentula, virgo, virguncula, fuerai-" 
na prsGstanti, eleganti, egregia, summa, 
eximia, singulari pulchritudine, venus- 
tate mira, specie : facie, forma bona, 
insigni, prater caeteras honesta, liberali, 
araabili, vultu venusto. Venus altera. 
Venere fonnosior. Ad banc quidem 
altera Venus invenusta est. Digna 
principe marito, vel ipso Apolline, 
Jove. Fulgor faciei rapitur moraento. 
Forma nisi in veras non cadit ilia deas, 
&c. J Ovid. Epist. 17. Non pulchrior 
ignis aceendit obsessam Ilion. Non 
tibi par usquam, — nee solis ab ortu, 
inter formosas altera nomen habet, 
Digna dea.facies. — NuUi tua forma se- 
cunda est. Clara decore. Clarissima 
forma : multorumque fuit spes invidio- 
sa procorum. Nitor foeminae splendeu> 
tis. Pario marmore purior : enite«cit 
sidere pulchrior ; rosei decus oris. 
Quanto splendidior, quam cetera si- 
dera, fulget Lucifer,&c. ; Ovid. Metam. 
2. 12. 

It is madness to Beautify the face 
with painting ; genas purpurissare, fa- 
ciem fucis circumlinere, aspergere ; co- 
loribus genas inficere, pingere, depin- 
gere ; naturale decus arte fictajuvare, 
et fuco occultare, cerussa faciem venus- 
tare (unde cerussata mulier ;) compo- 
sitis linere ora venenis ; et sic, effigiem 
mutare naturae, amentia est j Sen. 

To Beautify or illustrate a dis- 
course ; orationi lucem dare, addere, 
rebus obscurls nhorem dare ; aliquid 
illustrius reddero ; politius uberiuique 



ernare, perpolirc, concinnare, illustrare, 
arte oratoria sermonem excolere, ex- 

Beautified toith the gifts of mind, 
tuid of fortune ; omatus anirai et fortu- 
B£ bonis. HonestuS; gravis, plenus 
officii, bonus plane vir, et cum virtuti- 
bus, turn etiam fortuna satis ampla or- 
natus : animi bonis abundat, nee for- 
tuna8 tamen bona desiderat: animi bo- 
na multa, fortunae pauca possidet. 

To Beautify or adorn tvith figures 
0/ eloquence ; composite et ornate rem 
explicare, expolire, pingere, insignire, 
illustrare ; omnibus dicendi luminibus 
distinguere ; cum omni gravitate et ju- 
cunditate expriraere ; verborum senten- 
tiarumque floribus aspergere. 

Rhetorioal flowers of eloquence 
much Beautify a discourse; eiegan- 
tlae rbetoricae dant lucem orationi. 

Some other phrases for, to Beauti- 
TY the face. 

Coloribus pingere, inficere, picturire, 
depingere, genas, faciem, vultum ; fa- 
ciem fucis aspergere, vultum materiali 
candore, rubore oblinere ; prseteritani 
juventutem in rugis anilibus polire ; 
colorare labra; purpurisso, stibio, va- 
riisque fucis ora, oculosque depingere ; 
vitia corporis fuco occultare ; fuco 
splendente ornare comam ; unguentis 
cuti candorem, ruborem inducere ; vul- 
tum fingere ; Ovid. 

A Beautiful iarfy; altera Helena, 
quasi ex ovo nata ; ut cerasura matu- 
rescens, aut uva purpurascens ; facies 
roseo niveoqae colore mista. 

An excellent Beauty j forma nulla 
parte non felix. 

She looks with a good honest face, 
ctid of native Beauty ; ilia erat honesta 
facie et liberali, nullo inusta calamistro. 

The sun has iiyured her Beauty; 
sole admodum denigrata est. 

As fair as Beauty can be ; I never 
saw a more beautiful countenance; 
deum immortalem ! qui fulgor ? quae 
forms majestas ? ad banc quidem al- 
tera Venus invenusta est. 

/ lote not thy fair or Beautiful 
face ; but thy fair virtue's grace ; ego 
non contemplor tantum istud undique 
florens, et elegans domicilium, hospi* 
tern roagis amo, viz. animam. 

A woman so completely Bv.avtxtvj., 
that her person was portion enough ; 
uxor ea forma, quaj vel indolatam com- 
inendare potent. 


A lady incomparably Beautiful, 
deserving a prince for her husband ; 
digna vel principe marito, — Venercm 
coelesti corpore vincit. 

The Beauty tf eloquence; eloquen- 
tize nitor. 

The perfect Beauty of tlie age ; 
aevi decor integer ; seculi hujus forma 

Beauty is but a blossom ; forma bo- 
num est fragile. 

Beauty is potent, but money is om- 
nipotent ; (forma quidem valet, et 
amabilis est ; at,) quid non speremus 
si nummos possideamus. 

Beauty will soon fade ; isti formje 
flos brevi defluxerit, qua? jam subrubct, 
ut vemis mane, pruina, rosis. 

BECAUSE ; quia, quoniam, prop- 
terea quod, quippe, quippe quod, ideo 
quod, &c. 

Because of ; propter, with on accus. 
ut, propter te ; because of thee ; and 
ergo, with a gen. : as, Tai ergo; be- 
cause of thee. 

A little after he came back. Be- 
cause he said he had forgotten some- 
thing ; redilt paulo post, quod se obli- 
tum nescio quid diceret. 

Neitfier is there any mem that lores 
pain Because it is pain ; neque quis- 
quam est qui dolorem ipsum quia dolw 
sit, amet. 

He was somewhat angry with me^ 
Becavse I defended him; raihi quod 
eum defendissem leviter succensuit. 

Yet she must die Because she was 
born of the human race ; tamen el mo- 
riendum fuit, quoniam homo nata erat. 

Because you acted the part of a 
good servant to me; propterea quod 
aiihi serviebas liberaliter. 

A BECK or nod ; nutus,-us, m. 

To be ready at one's Beck ; pendere 
ex nutu ; gubeinari nutu, et arbitrio 
alicujus ; Cic. : as. 

At his master's Beck ; ad domini 
nutum. He is at his beck ; nutu gu- 

To Beck, beckon, or nod; nuere, 
innuere, nutare. 

To Beckon to one; annuere, innuere, 

Ready at a Beck ; expeditus ad nu- 
tum alicujus ; Cic 

To signify or intimate any thing by 
a Beck, or beckoning; nutu aliquid 
significare ; annuere alicui capiti; nutu 
capitis assentiri. 


He Beckoks or gives a beck to one ; 
tie nods or untiks to another ; alii ad- 
nutat, alii adnictat. 

To Beckon or nod with the head ; 
nntxx, nutu capitis qu» vult loqui, 
nutii et inclinatione capitia animum 
et mentem signi%are, indicare, aperire, 
patefacere. Quod fieri vult tacilus 
innujt. Annaere, nutu assentiri. Ad 
numen, nutum mentis moventur j Lucr. 
supercilium ; Hor. 

Your Beck or nod shows what you 
think; signiticatio vcstra declarat quid 
sentiatis ; Nsev. 

To BECOME, to Jit or beseem; 
decere, convenire. 

Becoming ; decens, conveniens. 

To Become, or come to be ; fieri, 

TJiis gartnent Becomes me; de- 
cet me haec vestis; Plaut. 

So long as you do what Becomes 
you ; tantisperdura quod tedignura est, 

This does not greatly Become you ; 
hoc tibi non ita decorum est ; Cic. 

It Becomes ijou to be mindful of my 
condition ; fortunae meinorem te decet 
esse meze ; Ovid. 

It Becomes incurable; evaditincu- 

Wliat remedy but I must Become 
a miserable wretch ; quid restat, nisi 
ut porro miser fiam ? Ter. 

You nuike small account of what 
Becomes of me; tu quid de me fiat 
parri curas ; Ter. What do you 
think will become of you? quid te fu- 
turum censes ? Tet. But wliat will 
Income of my brother? sed de fratre 
quid fiet ? Ter. Wliatsoever becomes 
of me; quicquid de me fiat; quicquid 
de me fulurura sit. 

He Became perfect ; evasit perfec- 
tus. He became so arrogant ; eo ar- 
rogantiae processit. 

What will Become of m£? quid 
niihi, vel de me, fiet? Ter, 

Such as Becomes a banished man ; 
qualem decet exulis esse. 

It Becomes not an orator to be 
angry, but it does not ww-become him 
to feign or dissemble ; oratorem irasci 
non decet, siraulare non dedecet ; Cic. 

In pleading few Become worthy the 
name of orators; in dicendo pauci 
oratorura nomine digni evadunt; Cic. 

Who you said was Become rich ; 



quera tu aiebas esse divitem factano ; 

See, I pray you, what tcill Become 
of you; vide, quaeso, quid tibi futurum 
sit; Cic. What will become of me 
afterwards ? quid mibi fiet postea ? 
Plaut. What will become of \him 
wliom I shall leave? quid illo fiet, 
quera reHquero ? Cic. What wUl be- 
come of my little daughter Tuilia? 
quid Tuliiola mea fiet ? Cic. 

You do as it Becomes you ; facis 
quod par est facere ; Ter. 

To Become mare learned ;^oc^ot 
esse, evadere. 

To Become a scholar ; sacrae mosa- 
rura miiitiae sub alicujus auspiciis no- 
men dare. 

TJiey at length Become excelknt 
and virtuous men ; hi demum in viios 
virtute praestantes evadunt. 

It Becomes not your dignity^ ho- 
nor, or majesty ; est prseter dignitatem 
tuara ; inferius majestate tua est ; Tac. 

It is notat attBECOMiNC ; haadqua- 
quara decorum est ; a decoro ali^utn 
est ; contra quam decet, &c. « / 

This Becomes not a wise man ; hoc 
sapicnti non obvenit. Hoc in sapiente 
minirae cadit ; non est, ut obvenire hoc 
sapienti possit ; hoc a sapiente aii- 
enura ; pertinerehoc ad sapientem non 

It is Become a proverb ; abiit in 

A BED ; lectas, cubile ; torus, stra- 
tum, grabatus, &c. 

To g-o <o Bed ; ire cubitum. 

To lie m Bed ; decurabere. 

To keep his Bed ; lecto afl5gi. 

A BuD'fellow ; censors lecti, contu-. 

To be brought to Bed ; eniti, parta- 
rire, parere. 

To make a Bed ; lectum stemere, 
insternere, concinnare. 

To go to Bed and sleep; dare se 
somno ; quieti se dare, tradere, defessa 
thoro membra deponere, ad quietera 
se componere, nocturnara quietem ca- 
pessere, conferre se dormitura. 

To lay one ' on a Bed ; aliquem in 
cubili collocare ; Cic. 

BEn-time ; bora somni ; Suet, 

Let MS go to our Beds ; quin lectis 
nos commendamus ; Plaut. 

He goes supperless to Bed ; it cubi- 
tum incoenatus j Plaut, 



Bid them make the Beds for us ; 
lectulos jube sterni nobis ; Ter. 

We went to Bed ; cubitum discessi- 
mus; Cic. 

He keeps his Bed j lecto tenetur ; 

He is not able to rise out 0/ /li* Bed ; 
e lecto nequit surgerc ; Ter. 

Why do you not rise out of Bed 
quickly ? quin igitur e nido provolas ? 

A t what o'clock are you accustomed 
to_get out of Bed ? qua tandem hora 
soles lectum relinquere ? 

/ m<ike haste to Bed j mature me ad 
nidum confero. 

Get you home and to Bed ; ocius te, 
teclo et lecto condas. 

Every one to his Bed j suura ^quis- 
qne nidulum adeat. 

To lie long in Bed j in multara lu- 
cem stertere. 

/ lay on a down Bed, and slept 
soundly ; lectulo e lana anserina refer- 
to, indormiebam suavher. 01orina2 
substernuntur culcitraB, toraliaperdicum 
subalaribus plumis referta. 

Have you made my Bed ? lectum 
concinnasti meum ? composuisti lecti 
stragulas ? 

A poor lodging, a had Bed, for a 
weary man ; diurno itinere lassescenti 
torus ligneus praetenuibus paleis inster- 

Some phrases of the English word 
BEEN : as, 

I have Been ; fui. Thou hast been ; 
fuisti, &c. Had it been so that — ; 
si ita esset factum, ut — ; Cic. 

/ was afraid you had Been gone ; 
metuebara ne abiisses 5 Plaut. 

You have Been long enough about 
this; satis diu jam hoc saxum volvis: 

So as it had never Been before ; 
quod alias nunquam ; Flor. 

/ have Been here a long time ; ego 
jaradudum hie adsum ; Ter. 

It is never said to Juire Been but 
once; semel unquam proditur; Plin. 

/ would it Iwd Been otherwise ; 
noliem factum ; Ter. 

We have Been of great assistance 
to them; magnum his attulimus adju- 
roentum ; Cic. 

/ will make as if I had Been there ; 
quasi affuerim assiraulabo ; Plaut. 

As we have evei' Been used; ut con- 
suevimus hactenus* 


I had Been at his house; apud eara 
fuissem ; Cic. 

He has Been away these three 
months ; tres menses abest ; Ter. 

Death has Been present before my 
sight ; mors ob oculos mihi versata est ; 

Many things might have Been ob- 
jected; multaobjici potuissent ; Quint. 

1 have Been u]) and down all Asia ; 
a me Asia tola peragrata est ; Cic. 

To BEFALL or happen ; contingerc, 
accidere, evenire. 

Befallen j quod conligit ; quod 

If any thing should Befall me 
otherwise than well ; si quid mihi hu- 
manitus accideret. 

An accident or chance Befalling ; 
casus, accidens. 

/ know what has Befallen me ; 
quid mihi obtigerit scio ; Ter. Before 
I knew of any good that had befallen 
you; priusquam ego tibi, quod everiit 
boni resciscerem ; Ter. There hus no 
sorrow befallen him in bis joy ; huic 
nulla aegritudo gaudio intercessit ; Ter. 
The same things would befall me ; ea- 
dem mihi usu venirent ; Cic. That 
cannot befall many ; id non potest mul- 
tis contingere ; Cic. / do not see that 
it has as yet befallen any ; id nemini 
video adhuc contigisse ; Cic. Ht 
guessed by what had befallen his skips' ;- 
ex eventu navium suarum suspicabatur j 

This has Befallen me contrary to 
my expectation ; praiter spem hoc mi- 
hi contigit. 

BEFORE, of time; ante, prasp. et 

Before, i. e. formerly ; olim, antea, 
antehac, dudum, prius. 

Long Before j jampridem ; du- 
dum ; aetatem. 

A little Before; paulo antej sub, 
with an accus. 

The day Before the wedding, fair, 
fyc; pridienuptianira, nundinarum,&c. 

Before, or before that ; antequani, 

Before, of place ; ante, pro, prae. 

Before and behind; a fronte et a 

Before, an adv. after to write, say, 
fyc. ; supra, ante, prius. 

Before, an adj. prior, anterior. 

Before, i. e, in presence ; coram, 


apud, ante, in conspectu. 

Before all men ; paiam, in propa- 
tulo, ^eioxG one^ s face or sight ; ante, 
ob, praeter oculos ; sub oculis. 

To be Before one^s eyes ; oculis 

Before, of comparison, i. e. more 
than; p\\isc\ua.n).' Raiher tfuin ; potius 
quain. Sooner than ; ciiius quam. 

To prefer one thing Before atw- 
ther ; praeferre, anteponere aliud alii. 
To go Before ; praeire, prajcedere. 
To get Before one; praevertere, 
prioreni esse. 

To know BzTOJiE-hatid ; praescire 

To pay money BEF0RE-7iand; in an- 
tecessuni dare. 

To do a thing Before it is desired ; 
praevenire dcsideriuni. 

BTTouE-hand in the world ; opulen- 
tus, dives, locuples, &c. 

I. Before, coming before time, per- 
son, or thing, and importing the being 
or doing of something before that time, 
or the time wherein that person or 
thing was J is rendered by the preposi- 
tion ante : as. 

Nor did I ever sea her Before to- 
day ; neque ego banc oculis vidi ante 
hunc diem ; Plaut. All phihsophers 
before him, i. e. before his time ; oinnes 
ante eum philosophi ; Cic. No man 
ought to be pronounced happy before 
his death ; dicique beatus ante obitum 
nemo supreraaque funera debet ; Ovid. 
That in the mean time he should plead 
his cause before tliat day ; ut causam 
interea ante eum diem diceret ; Cic. 
They ploughed no lands before Jupiter ; 
ante Jovem nulli subigebant arva co- 
)oui ; Virg. i. Georg. Why should 
soldiers be afraid before the sound of 
the trumpet? cur ante tubam tremor 
occupat artus ? Virg. -^n. ii. He who 
was quite cast down and afflicted be- 
fore you were consul, is now quite re- 
stored and comforted again by your- 
self ; qui afflictus ante te consulem, re- 
creatus abs te nunc totus est ; Cic. 
• II. BETonE, coming before a person, 
gnd importing the being or doing of 
something in the presence of that per- 
son, is rendered by coram, apud, and 
ante : as, 

The matter was pleaded Before the 
senate ; coram senatu res acta est. The 
matter is pleaded before the judge ; 
res agitur apud judicera ; Plaut. Your 



sword was taken before tlie senate ; 
ante senatura tua sica deprehensa est ; 
Cic. Before Publius Cuspius I spoke 
with you; coram Publio Cuspio tecum 
locutus sum ; Cic. / am afraid to 
plead for the guilty person before that 
council; pavet animus apud concilium 
istud pro reo dicere ; Cic. He punished 
Mutina with toi^ments before the con- 
suis and ambassadors ; ante consules 
oculosque legatorum tormentis Muti- 
nara verberavit; Cic. 

Note, if any thing he said to be, or 
be done, before the face, eyes, or sight, 
of any person, tJien will before be ren- 
dered, as by ante, so by in, ob, sum, 
and praeter : as, 

Thou art present Before my eyes 
night and day ; mihi ante oculos dies 
noctesque versaris ; Cic. He cuts the 
children's throats before their fathers' 
faces ; in ora parentum filios jugulat ; 
Sen. Death has been often present be- 
fore my sight ; ob oculos mihi saepe 
mors versata est ; Cic. Having re- 
ceived so great a loss before their eyes ; 
tanto sub oculis accepto detrimento ; 
CfE9. They were all carried before the 
sight of Lollius ; prater oculos Lollii 
omnia ferebantur ; Cic. How willing- 
ly would he suffer him to be before the 
eyes of all ; quam libenter eum palam 
ante oculos omnium esse patiatur; 
Cic. / am afraid to praise you any 
more before your face; vereor torani 
in OS te laudare amplius ; Ter. I had 
banishment only before i7iy eyes ; mihi 
exilium duntaxat ob oculos versabatur ; 
Cic. No image being put before the 
eyes; nuUo posito sub cculis siraula- 
chro ; Cic. The enemies poured them- 
selves into the camp before the faces of 
our men; praeter nostroTum ora, hostes 
intra castra sese effundebant ; Cic. To 
fix these thefts before the eyes of all ; 
defigere haec furta in oculis omnium ; 
Cic. I had the honor of the common- 
wealth before mine eyes; mihi ante 
oculOs obversabatur reipub. dignitas. 
That was not only in their winds, but 
almost before their eyes; istud non ani- 
mis modo, sed ooulis fere obversabatur. 

III. Before, coming h^ore place, 
and importing vicinity, or neai^ess 
thereto, is rendered by ante, and pro : 

Lay it down Before our door; ante 
januam nostram appone ; Ter. As he 
sat before Castor's temple , Jie said; 



.sedeos pro aede Castoris, dixit ; Cic. 
The spear being placed before the tem- 
ple of Jupiter, the defender of the cotn- 
monwealth ; hasta posita pro aede Jovis 
statoris ; Cic. Murders will be com- 
mitted before your feet, O judges! 
and amongst the very seats you sit on; 
ante pedes vestros, judices, inter ipsa 
subseUia, cajdes futurae sunt ; Cic. 

IV. Before, coming before action or 
passion expressed by a verb, is rendered 
by ante.^nd prius, with quani : as, 

BEFonn I depart this life; anlequam 
ex hac vita migro j Cic. As soon as I 
taw you, before you spoke ; siniulac te 
aspexi, priusquaiii loqui caepisti ; Cic. 
lie decreed, that nothing should be 
done before tlie law should be put to 
the vote for approbation ; decernebat, 
ut, antequam rogatio lata esset, ne quid 
ageretur ; Cic. To whom before 1 an- 
swer to any of the other things, let us 
discourse a little about friendship ; cui 
priusquam de cseteris rebus respondeo, 
de ainicitia pauca dicamus ; Cic. 

Note: quarn is elegantly parted from 
its particle signifying liEFORE by 
another word : as, 

Which cause was quite dead and 
out of mind Before you were born; 
quje causa ante niortua erat, quam tii 
natus esses ; Cic. / knew long before 
you, that she had a friend; multo pri- 
us scivi quam tu, illam araicuni habere ; 
Ter. Before ever you stir witliQut 
the compass of this circle ; prius, quam 
hoc circulo excedas ; Val. Max. Nep- 
tune will first destroy Salamina itself, 
before that — , Sfc, ; antea enim Salami- 
nam ipsam Neptunus obruet, quam — , 
&c. ; Cic. 

V. Before, coming after a noun 
o/time, or an adverb, and fiaving no 
declinable word following it, is render- 
ed by ante, taken adverbially : as, 

I had thought of it four days Be- 
fore j id ipsum quatriduo ante cogita- 
rain ; Cic. You will see them coming 
long before ; qufe venientia longe ante 
videris ; Cic. And a few days before, 
when he might have been brought out of 
prison, he would not; et paucis ante 
diebus, quum fa-ile posset educi e cus- 
todia, noluit ; Cic. These things were 
found out many ages before ; reperta 
haec sunt ninltis seculis ante ; Piin. Al- 
though tluft had been given out and de- 
clared by the oracle of Apollo a thou- 
''sand years before j quanquam id mil- 


lesimo ante anno Apollinis oraculo edi- 
turn eJset; Cic. 

VI. Before, coming qfter a t>erb, 
and having no declinable word after it, 
if it refer to something formerly writ- 
ten, or spoken, is rendered by supra, 
ante, or prius : as, 

I promise you those things which I 
wrote of Before ; tibi ilia poiliceor, 
quaj supra scripsi ; Cic. But, as was 
said before ; sed ut ante dictum est ; 
Cic. / wrote to you before ; prius ad 
te scripsi ; Cic. 

Note : Ante so placed may be applied 
generally to any thing formerly done ; 
but not supra, which properly signify- 
ing above, comes to signify Before ; 
because, according to the old way of 
writing in volumes, that which was writ- 
ten before, was really above what was 
written after, and from this use tif it 
in writing, it was easily drawn into 

These things also moved me, which I 
had expressed Before ; movebant mje 
etiam ilia, quae supra dixeram ; Cic. 
But all that oration (as I have already 
said before) is mine; verum haec om- 
nis oratio, (ut jam ante dixi) mea est ; 
Cic. Thci'e is nothing now said, or 
spoken, {or there is not any one saying 
noiv) which has not been said and spoken 
before ; nullum est jam dictum, quod 
non dictum sit prius ; Ter. 

VII. Before, coming after a verb, 
and having reference to priority in 
order, space, place, or comparison, is 
rendered either by ante, and prse, or a 
verb compounded with one of them, or 
by the comparative prior : as, 

I love him Before myself; quem 
ante me diligo ; Cic. Go i/OM before, / 
will follow; I praj, sequar; Tei. / 
prefer the most unjust peace before the 
most just war; iniquissimam pacem jus- 
tissimo bello antefero ; Cic. The author 
preferred this work before that ; hoc 
illi praetulit auctor opus ; Ovid. We 
will go before j nos priores ibimus ; 
Plaut. One most savage, cruel, and 
barbarous in villany, before or beyond, 
i. e. more than all others ; scelere ante 
alios immanior omues ; Virg, JEn. i. 
And long before the bodies of all the 
rest, Nisus appears ; longeque ante 
omnia corpora, Nisus — emicat; Virg.. 
-^n. V. Go you before ; I tu prai ; 
Plaut. That perchance may be ques- ' 
tioned, whether that common converse 


ought to be esteemed before modesty ; 
illud fursitan queerendum sit, nam hxc 
communitas modestiae sit anteponenda ; 
Cic. It became me to declare the mat- 
ter before ; oportuit rem praenarrasse 
nie ; Ter. You must speak before, and 
we Afterward ; vos priores esse opor- 
tet, nos posterius dicere ; Plaut. In 
many arts before ai/, and in rhetoric 
or eloquence behind none ; artiuin niul- 
titudine prior omnibus, eloquentia nulli 
secundus ; Apul. 

VIII. Before, put for rather or 
sooner, is rendered by ante, potius, ci- 
tius, and quam : as, I wish that Clo- 
dius might live before / should see such 
a sight; utinara Clodius viveret, ante- 
qiiara hoc spectaculum viderem ; Cic. 
1 would run quite away before / would 
come back, if — ; aufugerem potius 
quam redeara, si — ; Ter. / shall 
want voice before / want names ; vox 
me citius defecerit quam nouiina ; Cic. 

Prifis is used in this sense by Ho- 
race, with an ablative case : as, Nuilam 
vite prius severis arboreni, {Plant no 
tree before [i. e. rather or sooner than^ 
the vine,) 1. 1. Carra. Od. 18. 

/ xcill destroy the one Before that 
[i. e. rather tlian,'] I should suffer my- 
self to be scoffed and mx)cked witlwut 
any satisfaction ; alterum certe perdam 
potius, quam sinam roe impune irrisum 
esse ; Plaut. 

And so Cic. Vicinum citius adjuve- 
ris in fructibus percipiendis, quam ant 
fratrcm aut familiarera ; lib. 1. Offic. 
The day before / went forth ; pridie 
quam domo profectus sum. 

Othei' phrases. 

The day Before he was killed ; 
pridie quam occideretur ; Suet. We 
had laid aside the opinion of Bibulus 
the day before that ; sentejitiara Bibuli 
pridie ejus diei fregeramus ; Cic. The 
day before / wrote tliese things ; pri- 
die quam ha^c scripsi j Cic. Ought I 
not to have had knowledge of it before- 
hand ; nonne oportuit prasscisse me 
ante ? Ter. Never before ? nunc pri- 
mum ; Boeth. Antebac nunquam j Ter. 
Nunquam ante hunc diem ; Pet. They 
stand with their swords before tlie se- 
nate ; stant cum gladiis in conspectu 
senatus ; Cic. The matter is yet be- 
fore the judge ; et adhuc sub judice 
lis est. 

Before, id est, formerly , or in for- 
mer times ; antea, treviri liberi antea : 



The enemy pressing on Before, and 
their own party behind; cum bostis in> 
staret a fronte, a tergo sui urgerent ; 
Curt. / commended those things be- 
fore you ; hjec te palam laudaverara ; 
Hor. Before any authority came from 
you ; nondura interposita aucloritate 
vestra ; Cic. A little before his death; 
sub exitu quidem vitse ; Suet. A little 
before night, sunset, day -light ; sub 
noctem, occasum solis, ortum lucis. He 
died the year before I was censor; an- 
no ante me censorem mortuus est ; Cic. 
He forbade that he should come before 
him ; eura in conspectum suum venire 
veluit ; Cic, The night before the day 
on which the murder teas done; ea 
nocte cui illuxit dies caedis ; Sueton. / 
am at a great deal more uncertainty 
than I was before ; incertior multo sum, 
quam dudum ; Ter. The day before ; 
proxima luce ; Petron. The night be- 
fore; proxima nocte; Cic. Before / 
had done complaining y she came in; 
nondum querelam finieram, quum ilia 
intervenit; Petron. 

Before, or a little before day-light ; 
anteluculo, autelucano, antelucio, adv. 
That is before day-light ; antelucanus, 

Before his eyes ; vivus vidensqne. 
Before the eyes, face, or sight, of any 
one ; ante ocuios, ora ; in ora, os,ocu- 
lis ; ob ocuios ; sub oculis ; praeter ocu- 
ios, ora ; in conspectu. 

Before all things, i. e. chiefly or 
first of all ; in primis ; adv. &c. Vid« 
Chiefly. Bei'ore this time ; antebac, 
adv. Never bi^fore this time ; antehac 
Hunquara. A little before night ; sun- 
set, daylight ; sub noctem ; sub occa- 
sum solis ; sulj ortum lucis. 

To BEFRIExVDone ; gratiam alicui 
impertire ; gratificari, gratia sublevare, 
amici officiuni praestare ; adesse alicui ; 
officia omnia amicitiae pr«starc ; alicui 
nuUo loco deesse, usui esse, subvenire, 

To BEG, or humbly entreat ; hu- 
militer et submi?se petere, supplicare ; 
abjicere se ad pedes alicujus. 

To Beg, or earnestly desire ; obnixe 
rogare, obtestari. 

Let me Beg it of you; sine te exo- 
rem. To beg leave to play ; irapetrare 
veniam iudendi. To beg or ask alms ; 
mendicare, stipera cogere. 

To Beggar one; ad inopiam, ad 
egestatem redigere. A beggarly feU 
low; Irus. 



Let him be Beooed for a fool; 
Prov. ad agnatos et gentiles deducen- 
dus est. 

Tliey BEGGT.V his pardon ; ut igno- 
sceretur petiverunt ; Cses. 

She Beos yoii would be just to her ; 
fidem vestram implorat ; Ter. He has 
.not a bit of brend but what he begs for ; 
cibo naendicato pascitur ; Ovid. To 
get hislivir'^by begging ; mendicando 
vivere ; Plant. 

/Begged of him with tears; pro- 
fiiiis ego lachrymis rogo, q^ua;soque, ut 
— ; Petron. 

Grown as idle and lazy as a Beg- 
gar ; otio resolutus. 

He is as idle and lazy as a Beggar ; 
otio torpet. 

A Beggar's purse is always empty ; 
meodici pera nori impletur. 

Various phrases for, to Beg or go 
a begging ; niendicare, emendicare os- 
tintini ; obambulando, oberrando os- 
tiatim, mendicando victum quaereie, pe- 
tere, quaeritare, conquirere, colligere. 
Vestibulatim stipera rogare, cogere. 
Pro foribus panem efflagitare. Preca- 
rio, aliena misericordia vivere. Manura 
ad stipem porrigere. Civium demos 
quairitandivictus gratia oberrare. Men- 
dicato pane vivere, suam indigejitiam, 
inopiam extremam sublevare. Eleemo- 
synam, stipem emendicare. Ex alieno 

Miserum est aliena vivere qua- 
dra. Vilia qui quondam miseris ali- 
menta negavit ; nunc raendicato pasci- 
tur ilie cibo. Exul, inops, erres, aiiena- 
que limina lustres ; exiguuraque petas 
ore tremente cibum. Pontes per urbii 
errat exul et clivos, interque raucos ul- 
timas roga tores, Orat caninas panis 
improbi bucceas. Incertas et suspen- 
»afi habere vivendi rationes. 

All is come ^©Beggary ; res ad 
manticam venit; itur nunc ad sacu- 
lum. A beggar ; pauper, inops ; pau- 
perrimus ; Plant. Egens, egenus. 
Egestosus, affliclus, ajrumnosus, calanii- 
tosus, flebilis, raiser ; redactus ad ino- 
piam extremam, miseriam ; indigcns et 
pauper : angusta cui res domi est ; 
Juv. Homo exili re, tenui fortuna : 
tenuis, per metaph. Homo tenuis 
conditionis : vel hosti miserandus : 
nudus plane, qui censum'omnem devo- 
ravit, proterviam fecerit : defectns ad 
calamitatem ; natus miserjis ferendis : 
cui contracta res est et adducta in an- 
gustum : tenuiter peculiatus : Pausono, 


Codro, Iro, Telonico pauperior : qui 
omnem facultatem, seu universam sub- 
stantiam, indutus est, omnia sua secum 
portans : non habens obulinu, unde 
restim emat ; non habens ubi pedem 
ponat : pistillo, paxillo, liberide nu*^ 
dior ; niendicus et raemiicabuiura : ro- 
gator; Plaut. 

To Beggar or undo, S^c; omnibus 
opibus evertere ; fortuuis exuere : nau- 
fragium bonis alicujus inferie : pra;si- 
diis omnibus nudare : omnibus fortuni* 
spoliare : ad mendicitatem redigere : 
nihil de bonis alicujus reliuquere : om- 
nibus bonisviduare. Beggary ; sum- 
ma paupertas, inopia extrema, mendi- 
citas, rerum omnium penuria, ad niiii- 
lum redactio. 

To BEGET J gignere, generare, pro- 
creare, propagare, progignere, progene- 

First Begotten ; priraogenitus. 

An only Begotten ; unigenitas. 

TJie first Begetting; primogeni- 

Not Begotten j iraprocreabilis, in- 

B EG oTtsv unlawfully ; illegitimuit. 

Begotten or bornofthe earth; ter- 

To Bbgzt children ; liberos gignere, 
suscipere, procreare, generare, progig- 
nere, sobolem propagare, procreare, 
liberis procreandis operari, dare ope- 
ra m ; concubitu indulgere. Veneris 
feed us inire. Pueros creare. 

If I had Begotten any children 
with you; siqua roihi de te soboles 
suscepta fuisset. 

To Beget or procure; conciliare, 
parere, parare : as, 

To Beget, procure j or make friend- 
ship; conciliare amicitiam. 

To Beget or procure men's favor 
to oneself; conciliare sibi animbs 
hominum. % . 

To Beget, procure, or cause, da- 
mages or inconvenieyices to one ; conci- 
liare alicui incomnioda ; Lucr. 

Virtue Begets and procures friend- 
ship ; virtus conciliat amicitias ; Cic. 

To Beget or procure credit, favor, 
fyc. to himself; conciliare fuleni, gra- 
tiani, &c. sibi. To beget or procure 
the favor of the army to hiinself by 
money ; conciliare legipnes sibi pecu- 
nia ; Cic. To beget or procure peace 
amongst any ; conciliare pacem inter 
aiiquos. To beget or procure sleep, 
rest; conciliare somnum, quietem. 


T0 Beg IK ; incipere, occipere, in- 
choare, ordiri, exordiri; coeptare, in- 

To Begin, neut. ; nasci, oriri : tw, 

There Began a quarrel between 
them ; orta est inter eos lis niaxiina. 
The plague began ; coorta est pestis. 

To Begin c^fresh ; redintegrare, in- 

To Begin a design ; instituere : a*, 

To Begin to discourse ; orationem 

As yoH have Begun to do; sicut 
facere instituistis. 

To Begin a joM)7iey; ingredi iter. 

To Begin a war; capessere ar- 

To Begin a quarrel Jirst ; lacessere .; 
prior aggredior, adorior. 

To Begin a thing luckily; auspi- 
cari, auspicato aggredi. 

When the year Begins ; ineunte 

Since the world Began ; ab orbe 
conflito, post homines natos, post ho- 
niinum memoriam.' 

To finish what he has Begun ; per- 
texere quod exorsus est. 

To Begin oi' undertake a work ; 
opus ordiri, exordiri, inchoare, institu- 
ere, aggredi, incipere, auspicari, ado- 
riri, inceptare. Operis fundamenta ja- 
cere, ponere. Hem institutam, sibi 
propositam habere. Operis rationem 
suscipere : priraas llneas ducere. Ex- 
ordium, initiuui rei facere, capere, su- 
mere. Accingi, accingere se ad rem, 
opus. Telam exordiri. Ex portu sol- 
vere : limen, vestibulum operis trans- 
ire. E carceribus prodire. Prima spa- 
tia ingredi. Aditum facere, iter ster- 
nere ad res majores. Felix operi prin- 
cipium dare. Dimidium facti qui 
bene ccepit habet : sapere, aude, in- 

To Begin, or be begun ; redinte- 
grascere, redintegrari, redordiri, re- 

To Begin to speak ; praeloqui. 

To Begin or come forth ; aboriri. 

To Begin to arise, a,s tlie sun ; sub- 

Begun qfresh, or anew ; redinteger, 
novitius, renatus, repetilus. 

A Beginner; incceptor, auctor, in- 
ventor, princeps, caput, semen, parens, 
dux; machinator; suasor, factor, ef- 

The chitfBEGivvEV. f proauctor. 



A Beginner, or young noriee 'in 
anything; tyro, tyrunculus. 

Seeing how things went, I Began to 
suspect ; ex ipsa re mihi incidit suspi- 
cio J Ter. 

Before I Began to speak ; antequara 
dicere instituo ; Cic. / untl begin 
with Romulus ; incipiam a Romulo ; 

To Begin with a definition ; a de- 
finitione proficisci; Cic. Go on as 
you began ; perge ut occoepisti ; Plaut. 
/ had a mind to begin with that ; ab 
eo exordiri volui ; Cic. When I begin 
to speak; initio dicendi ; Cic. 

When first 1 Began to act; cnra 
priraum agere coepi ; Ter. 

He Begins the old wars again; 
renovat pristina beila; Cic. 

Charity Begins at home ; proximus 
sum egoraet mihi ; Ter. Tunica pallio 
propior. This mischief begins afresh ; 
hoc malum integrascit ; Ter. As soon 
as you should begin to be a little better; 
cum raeliuscule tibi esset ; Cic. 

My heart always Begins to ache 
when — ; horresco semper, ubi — ; Ter. 
To begin a war; bellum suscipere ; ul- 
tro inferre ; Cic. Priores bellum infe- 
runt ; Caes. 

By this time it Began to be light ; 
jam lucescebat ; Liv. Lucere crepit ; 
Cic. / am to Begin ; meae part«s 
sunt primae ; Varr. / began to sns- • 
pectf to have a jealousy, to mistrust ; 
milii incidit suspicio ; Ter. To begin 
a battle ; certamcn iuire; Caes. Liv. 

A Beginning or entrance; princi- 
pium, initiura, exordium, primordium, 
origo, incoeptum, coeptum, ortus, in- 
choatio, incoeptio, caput, ingressus. 

The Beginning of a matter; causa, 
fundamentum, fomes, fons, scaturig<;, 
radix, seminarlum, &c. 

A Beginning of any knowledge; 
rudimentum, tyrocinium. 

Afresh Beginning ; redintegratio. 

A Beginning or rise; orige, pri- 

A Beginning or first entrance ; in- 
troitus, ingressus, vestibulum, limen. 

The Beginning of a speech; exor- 

The Beginning is most difficult; 
principiura, initiura in quaque re dif- 
ficilliraum. — Difficiles aditus primos 
habet. Ardua prima via. est. Princi- 
pio clivi noster anhelat equus. — Est 
artis tristissima janua nostrae. Et la- 



' bor est unus tctnpora prima pati, &c. 
Ovid, de Rented. .Amor. i. — Ut te- 
neros laedunt juga prima juvencos,frae- 
naque vix patitur de grege captus 

To fail in the Beginning ; in portu 
irapingere, in carcere titubare : in li- 
mine oflfendere, in ipso ingresau opens 

You were the Beginning of all my 
preferment and authority; dignitatis 
niese auctor es. Diguitati meae prae- 
fuisti : a te prinmm fluxit, manavit, 
profectus est, ortus, natus est, extitit, 
honor mens : tu raese laudis origo, fons, 
principium fuisti. 

To Begin war is often rashness, but 
to end the same as it ought to be, is 
always the point of wisdom and man- 
.< hood; bellum suscipere, teraerarium 
est; finire, virtutis. Bellum suscipere, 
inire, inferre, movere, ad bellum aggre- 
di, arma capere, ire ad arma, saepe te- 
meritatis est: conficere auteni, perfi- 
cere, absolvere, restinguere, ad exitum 
feliciter perducere, victoria terminare, 
optato exitu conclndere, non fortunaj 
solum, sed virtutis etiam esf arguraen- 
tum : qui bellum suscipit, is temere 
saepe facit, temerario impellitur consilio, 
temeritatis impulsu peccat : qui vero 
belli extreraa delet, bello finem impo- 
nit, finem facit, finem statuit, belli re- 
liquias aufert, conficit, delet, non for- 
tunae solum, sed virtuti quoque accep- 
tum referre debet. 

To renew war, to Begin war afresh; 
Lepidus bellum civile, inter cives reno- 
vavit, rcdintegravit, suscitavit jam ex- 
tinctum, inflammavit jam restinctum, 
rursus excitavit,concitavit, denuo com- 
movit, conflavit, novo bello cives im- 
plicavit, cives in bellum denuo conje- 
cit, magnis belli lluctibus objecit : ex 
prajsenti jam tranquillitate magnas belli 
teropestates commovit. 

From the Beginning of the world ; 
ab ipso muudi, orbis conditi, rerum, 
temporis ortu, exortu, exordio, initio, 
principio. Ab aevo primo. A tem- 
pore conditi orbis : ab orbe, mundo 
condito, creato. Ab ipsis naturae, re- 
rum, nmndi incunabulis. Una cum na- 
ture, tempore, genereque hominum 
prodiit. Post bcmines natos. Post 
hominum memoriam. Ex quo primum 
coepit return natura, universitas. A se- 
culo mundi primo. — A prima nascentis 
engine mundi. — Prima repetens ab 


engine mundi. 

/ wish I had heard you all from the 
Beginning; ac veltem a principio 
te audisse ; Cic. From the very be- 
ginning his letter is impudent ; inde a 
principio jam iinpudens epistola est ; 
Plaut. At the beginning ; inter initia ; 
Plant. / wrote in the beginning ; ini- 
tio scripsi ; Cic. At my first begin- 
ning to act it ; cum primum eam agere 
coepi ; Ter. Even from the beginning ; 
jam inde a principio — ; Cic. The be- 
ginning first sJudl be declared ; pri- 
mum origo explicabitur; Cic. 

A Beginner ; incoeptor. 

A Beginner or designer ; auctor, 

A Beginner or setter on; dux, 
auctor, suasor. 

One man both the worker, cause, or 
Beginnea, of all our sorrow, and the 
revenger also; idem fuit nostri doloris 
auctor et ultor. Nostrara vicem ultus 
ipse est ; quem hostem eundem suimet 
ultorem habuimus ; eundem et iniquum 
adversus nos, et iuiquitatis atque inju- 
riarum vindicem habuimus ;-auctor fuit 
ac punitor doloris nostri ; quod nos- 
trum erat, ipse efFecit, ut injurias nos- 
tras in seipso vindicaret, ulcisceretur, 

A work Begun ; opus inchoatum. 
Opus non modo non perfectum, con- 
fcctum, absolutum, ad unguem factum, 
sed inchoatum, ac rude reliquisti ; tan- 
tum abes a perfectione operis, ut prin- 
cipia vix appareant; tantum abest ut 
opus ad fineni perduxeris, ut minimum 
ultra principia proresseris, ut in ipsiiis 
pcnc principiis constiteris, haeseris, vix 
opus instituisti, vix aggressus cs, operis 
initium fecisti, a fine autem longe dis- 
tas ; rem tu quidem habes instilutam, 
sed perpolitio requiritur ; instituta res 
est, non perpolita ; operis tu quidem 
fundamenta jecisti ; fastigiura adhuc 
tamen nullum videmus, nullum extat. 

From the Beginning to the end; 
ab initio ad finem, a principio ad exi- 
tum. Ab ovo ad mala. A prologo 
fabulae ad epilogurn. Ab exordio ora- 
tionis ad conclusionem. A prooemio 
ad perorationem, A primo ad postre- 
mum. A carceribus ad metam. A 
capite ad calcem. Ab introitu ad exi- 

In the Beginning ; in principio, in 
capite, initio, in fronte, in frontispicio : 
in ipso operis ingressu, in exordio, pri- 


•mo gestu, in ipso vestibulo, prima fa- 
cie, prima fronte, priino aspectu, primo 

From the Beginning ; ah exordio, 
ab initio, a primo, i. e. principio, a 
capite, ab integro ; ab radice, a car- 
cere sive repagulo. 

To give a happy Beginning to the 
disputation; disputation! felix princi- 
pium dare. 

To Begin to write; primas lineas 
ducere. He began his discourse in 
these tpords ; in haec verba prjefatur. 
He firstc begins, or is the ring-leader 
amongst them all ; funem ducit inter 

- To fix the first Beginning of a 
work; opcris fundamentajacere. Noto 
we enter upon the beginning or first 
houndarie<i of the empire; jam nos pri- 
ma imperii spatiaingredimur. These 
were his beginnings, and the first rise 
of greater things to him; haec illi in- 
cunabula erant, et veluti rudinienta re- 
rum majorum. 

To BEGUILE, or deceive; decipere, 
fraudare, deludere, frustrari, verba da- 
re, astutia fallere, dolis deludere ; fu- 
cuni facere, circumvenire. 

Although I have often been Be- 
guiled in this case before now; etsi 
siepe jam haec me spes frustrata est. 
Thus was I beguiled ; ad ilium raodum 
sublatum est os mihi. You may ea- 
sily beguile these; his facile iraponi- 

BEHALF ; vicis, vicem, vice ; Hete- 
roclit. : as, /n wit/ behalf ; roea causa, 
meo nomine, raea vice. So, tua causa, 
tuo nomine, &c. 

To BEHAVE himself; gerere, prae- 
bere se. 

To Behave himself well, ill, in Ais 
office; bene, male, provinciam admi- 

Well or ill Behaved ; bene, male 

Behaviour; gestus-us, m. mos ; 
conversatio, &c. 

Good, or ill Behaviour; boni vel 
mali mores. 

To Behave himself well; bene, op- 
timc, prjEclare se gerere. In eo mu- 
nere optime se paravit, comparavit, vi- 
rum se prfeclarum, egregium, integerri- 
mum prftstitit ; omnibus probavit se ; 
rirum bonum, civera optimum implevit. 
Behaviour, or manners; vitce con- 



snetudo, mores, viveBdi ratio, sui com- 
positio, sui regimen. 

Of good Behaviour ; facillimis 
moribus et compositissimis ; in vitse 
consuetudine elegantissimus ; optime 

They soBehavev themselves that — ; 
ita se gerebant ut — ; Cic. / am re- 
solved so to behave myself in my coh» 
sulshipy that — ; mihi constitutum est 
ita gerere consulatum, ut — ; Cic. 
Have you so behaved yourself that you 
are out of all hope; itane parasti te, ut 
spes nulla reliqua in te sit tibi? Ter. 
It is the part of a very great man, so 
to behave himself in so great power^ 
that — , ^c. ; permagni hominis est sic 
se adhibere in tanta potestate, ut — ; 
Cic. He behaved himself so ; ita se 
gessit, ita se comparavit. I have heard 
how you behaved yourself towards 
him ; periatum est mihi qualem te prae- 
stiteris in ilium, &c. He in that em- 
bassy behaved himself to the satis-' 
faction of all ; is in ea legatione omni- 
bus se probavit. He resolved so to 
behave himself, that he might not seem 
to give any occasion of trouble or com- 
motion ; staHiebat ita se comprobatu- 
rum rationes suas, ut ne uUius turbas 
causam dare videri possit. To be 
bound to one's good behaviour ; ad 
bene se gerendum obligari. 

To BEHEAD, or to cut of the 
head; decollare, detruncare, obtrun- 
care. Securi percutere, ferire. Secu- 
rim infligere. Capite multare, plec 
tere, orbare. Collum, caput, praescin- 
dere, pra;cidere. Cervicera caidere. 
Caput anjputare, auferre ; ense metere, 
demetere, decutere. Capitali pcena" 
afficere, extinguere, tollere. A cervice 
caput rescindere, recidere, avellere, re- 
vellere ; abscindere cervicibus. 

Ferro col In rapit. — Dividuum trans 
corpus hiantes Truncum oculi qua;runt, 
animus caput, Falcato vulnerat en- 
se, Qua collo est confine caput. De- 
cutit, abstiilit ense caput. Caput cer- 
vice recessit. Jacet ingeus truncus, 
Avulsuraque humeris caput, et sine no- 
mine corpus. Sejungere corpore coIla» 
Qua cervix humeros con tinuaa tegit. 

He Beheaded near about five hun- 
dred ; capitis pcenae subjecit plus mi- 
nus quingentos. Cinna commanded 
his colleague to be beheaded ; Cinna 
collegae suo praecidi caput jussit. But 



the conspiracy being discovered, all the 
barbarians were beheaded ; sed, con- 
spiratione detecta, barbari oranes capite saie 
diniinuti sunt. 


To be Behind, in arrears; rcliquari. 
To be Behind in business; ces- 


BEHiND-7i«7jd in the world ; ad ino- 
piam redactus ; a?re alieno oppressus. 

To come Behind one for estate, 
skill, Sfc. Cedere, posteriores ferre, 
iniparem esse. To speak ill of one 
behind his hack ; absentis fainaiu lae- 
dere. / will place myself hei'e behind ; 
hie ego ero post principia. Behind my 

a prcep, post 

To be Behind, or, to be left be- 
hind ; relinqui, superesse, reliquura 
esse, restare. 

IVJutt is Behind; quod superest ; 
reliquuni, residuum. 

I. Behind, referring to place, is back ; me absente. 
rendered by pone, and post: as, BEHOLD, or see; an adv. En, ec- 

My wife comes Behind ; pone su- ce ! Behold hitn, her, those, these, 
bit conjux; Virg. You lay lurking fyc.; eccum, eccani ! cccos, eccas ! el- 
behind the sedges; lu post carecta Imu, ellam ! But behold another small 
latebas ; Virg. Behind the temple of epistle; ecce autera pusilla epistola ; 
Castor, there they are; pone jedem Cic. 
Castoris ibi sunt ; Plaut. The cavalry Behold a miserable man, if— ; ecce 

or horsemen are soon perceived behind 
their back ; repente post tergum equi- 
tatns cernitur ; Caes. 

11. Behind, importing something 
remaining to be heard or done, is ren- 

hominem niiserum, si — ; Cic. Look 
upon him, behold his countenance ; 
aspicite ipsiim, contuemini os ; Cic. 

To Behold a thing eai'nestly ; ali- 
qiiid quani niaxime inientis oculis (ut 

(tered by porro, or the adjective reli- aiunt) acerrime contemplari ; Ci 

quus, or the verb supersum : as, Is 
there any thing yet behind ? etiainne 
est quid porro ? Plaut. Is there any 
more mischief yet behiiM ? nunquid 
est aKud mali reliquuni ? Ter. He 
says he has one work yet behind ; si hi 
niemorat unum superesse laborem. 

Behold the criine, behold ihe cause 
why — ; en crimen, en causa cur — ; Cic. 
We behold the faces and eyes of all ; 
ora omnium atque oculos intuemur ; 

To Behold, view or see; videre, 
cernere, spectare, aspicere, conspicere, 

What remains now hehmA^ quidnunc iutueri, inspicere, speculari, contem- 

porro ? Ter. Goon I pray, far I de- plari, conspicari, advertere, animad- 

sire to hear all that is behind ; perge, vtrtere, obiueri. Oculis rem haurire, 

quaeso, reliqua nerape gestio scire om- percipere, obire, prosequi, lustrare, pei- 

nia. lustrare, contrectare, intueri, contem- 

Other Phrases : plari. Oculos in aliquam rem conji- 

To rail on one Behind his back; cere, convertere ; afitui rei admovere. 

absenfi male loqui; Ter. I will not Obtutu oculorum diligentius observare. 

come behind ; non posteriores feram ; Collustrare oculis abunde. 

Ter. What is behind, will be done 
within; intus trausigetur, siquid est, 
quod restet ; I'er. They are behind- 
hand. in the world ; ad iuopiam redacti 
sunt ; Ter. He will be the same before 
your face, and bchiad your back; prae- 
sens absensque idem erit ; Ter. / will 
not be behind-^nd in courtesy ; nou 
cTo injpar ad vicissitudinem rependen- 
dara ; Cic. ' Officio posterior non ero. 
To take vp behind him\ 

Lumina, oculorum orbes, aciem ali- 
quo vertere, advertere. Oculo, pro- 
sptctu mefiri aliquid. Hue illuc vol- 
vens oculos, totunique pererrat orbem 
luminibus tacitis. Singula visa percur- 

— Totura lustrabat luraine corpus. — 
Ad surgentem conversa lumina so- 
lem. — Cuncta perlegere anirais oculis- 
que sequacibus. 

ad terga re- 

cipere ; Plin. Desirous to hear what ness or delight ; contemplari, obtueri. 
u behind; cupidus ulteriora audiendi ; To Behold one with compassion ; 

Plin. He attacked them behind ; ag- respicere. 

gressus est a tergo ; Flor. He has an To Behold afar off, or to espy; 

eye behind him too ; in occipitiu quo- prospicere, speculari. 
que habet oculos ; Plaut. After he had fully Beheld or viewed 


nU things ; omnia postquam abunde 

oculis collustraverat. 

h. The eyes of all men Behold you ; 

IS in te oumiura oculi suntintenti. These 

" " a^ are finends of Antonius^ whose 

counteminces my eyes gladly behold ; 

hi etiam fautores Antonii, quorum in 

vultu habitant oculi mei ; Cic. 

Behold here ; hue adhibe vultus j 

To Behold any thing earnestly ; 
ardentes oculorum acies aliquo torque- 
re ; oculos de re aliqua uusquam deji- 
cere ; figere obtutum aliquo ; ut, Ly- 
dia; defixit luniina n-gnis; Virg. De- 
ifixis hferere oculis ; Virg. 

To Behold every where, round 
about ; aciem oculorum in omnes par- 
tes intendcre, inflectere ; Cic. Passim 
oculos per omnia ferrej oculos per 
singula volvere. 

To Behold the earth or ground 
Medfastfy ; oculos in terrara defigere. 
Terram oculis metiri ; obtutus humi 

In Beholding his or her excellent 
beauty we have all our eyes fixed ; m 
illius venustate, pulchrKudine notanda 
detixos oculos omnes habemus. 

To Behold any thing lightly or 
slightly ; p6r transennam aspicere. 

To Behold any thing unwillingly ; 
aagris oculis aliquid aspicere. 

That which we cannot Behold ; 
quod non cadit sub sensum oculorum." 

To make one to Behold ; ponere 
aliquid in conspectum alioujus ; ante 
oculos statuere, sistere, ponere, consti- 
tucre ; in aspectum adducere, proferre ; 
in conspectu exhibere. Sub aspectum 
locare ; ob oculos ponere ; in oculis 

To' be Beholden, i. e. bou7id or 
obliged to; devlocin, obligari. To 
make beholden ta; obstringere, obii- 

/ am more Beholden to him tJian 
to any one ; nemo est cujus officiis tarn 
sum devinctus ; Cic. / was not be- 
holden to him at all; obligatus ei 
nihil eram ; Cic. We are greatly be- 
holden to them; illoruin beneficiis 
maxime obligati sumus ; Cic. He is 
beholden to me for his life ; mihivitam 
suam refert acceptam ; Cic. You are 
beholden to both the consuls; qu^d 
utrisque consulibus gratias agas est j 
Cic. He was behot.len to me /cr 
gtandmg by him in his troubles; ille 



mihi debebat, quod non defueram ejus 
periculis ; Cic. / do not mean to bring 
it to that, that we shall be beholden to 
your courtesy for our safety ; non com- 
juittam, ut vestro beneficio salvi esse 
possiraus; Cic. / am little beholden 
to him ; non optime de me raeritus 
est ; Cic. / am beholden to them ; 
bene de me meriti sunt ; Cic. He 
WHS beholden to his sword for his not 
btAng taken alive ; ne veniret in gotes- 
tatem a gladio suo irapetraverat ; Flor. . 
We are beholden to them for our live- 
lihood; illorum beneficio panem man- 
ducamus ; Petron. / am very muck 
beholden to him; ego illi plurimum 
debeo. / acknowlege my self to be 
beholden to yody(your debtor); raul- 
tus sum fateor in sere tuo. I am in- 
finitely bound and beholden to you^ for 
this late and great favor ; ex omnibus 
otficiis, quai tu pluriraa in me contu- 
listi, hoc est longe gratissimum. / am 
so deeply beholden to you for this, 
that I shall live and die your 
debtor ; item ; hoc ego nomine plus 
tibi debeo, quam ut unquam solvendo 
esse queara ; si beneficiorum momenta 
perpendam qui bus tibi sum obligatus. 
I am so beholden to you, that I must 
, never expect to requite so great kind- 
ness ; non solum omnia debeo tua causa 
quai possum, sed ea quoque quae non 
possum ; hoc tu beneficio arctius me 
tibi devinxisti, quam ut possim dissci*- 
vere ; tantum illi debeo, quantum homi- 
nem homini fas est tribuere. 

/ must say you have been my bene- 
factors^ or that I have been beholden 
to you; istud ego vobis a^ceptum ^, 

You have fitcde me so much Be-^ 
holden to you that I cannot tell how 
to be thankful enough ; I am for ever 
your obliged friend and servant ; obli- 
gatiorem me tibi reddidisti, quam ut 
noratn meum e diario possim unquam 
expungere; multis me nominibus tibi 
baud vulgariter devinctum esse agnosco 
libere j devinctiorem me tibi reddidisti, 
q'uam ut a;s aliennm possim resolvere : 
hibce me officiis ajternum devinxeris- — 
deraerueris. / am infinitely beholden 
to you; infiuiiis ego nominibus tibi de- 
beo. Infinitely beholden or engaged 
to him ; irrenmnerabili illius beneficio 

• To be Beholden to other authors ; 
aliorum auctorum fontes delibare, H^ * 




is beholden #o, and may thank his 
friends; ex aliorura fontibus suos hor- 
to9 irrigavit. / am the most beholden 
to you, or you are the best friend I have 
in the world ; non vitam mode debere 
tibi me, sed animam quoque fateor. 
/ was beholden to, or had these pas- 
sages out ofy Tully ; bos flores ex Cice- 
» ronis agris decerpsi. hgive you hearty 
thanks for your good will to me, by 
which I am so well pleased that I ac- 
count myself much beholden to you for 
it ; habeo igitur gratiam de isto tuo 
erga rae studio, quo hercule ita delec- 
tor, ut me tibi hoc nomine plurimuni 
debere putera. lam for ever beholden 
and obliged to you ; tibi sum obstrictus 
meraoria beneiicii sempiterni. / am 
much beholden to you ; in sere tuo sura. 
Tlie which if ye will do, you will make 
me greatly beholden to you, as you 
have hitherto been tender in affection 
to me, like a father ; quod si feceris, 
me, quern voluntate et necessitudine 
patema semper liabuisti, maximo bene- 
iicio devinctum habebis. 
A BEING ; natura, f. ; &c. 
I. Being, coming between two casu- 
al words, the former whereof has some 
verb governing, or agreeing with it, 
has nothing rendered for it, but is 
only a sign of the apposition, or agree- 
ing of these words in case : as. 

My father Being a man, loveth me 
tt 'child ' pater meus vir amat me pue- 
rum. They drive away the drones, 
being a sluggish cattle, from their 
hives; ignavun) fucos pecus a prjese- 
pibus arcent; Virg. They , he'mg born 
, of mean pctrenis, aim at high things; 
marnjv sibi nroponunt obscuris orti 
parentibus; Cic.* Riches, b?ing the 
occasion of much mischief, are dug out 
of the earth ; eft'odiuntur opes irrita- 
menta malorura ; Ov. i. Met. The 
Gauls being repulsed with great loss 
take counsel what they should do ; 
magno cum detrimento repulsi Galli, 
quid agant, consulunt ; Cfes. 

Note 1. If the former of the two 
words, between which Being comes, 
have not a verb either preceding or fol- 
lowing, that agrees with it, or governs 
it, then both the words are rendered by 
the ablative case absolute: as, 

Gaul Being quiet, Casar goes into 
Italy ; quieta Gallia, Caesar in Italiam 
proliciscitur ; Caes. Teucer being our 
taptaiUf nothing is desperate ; nil de- 


sperandum Teucro dace; Hor. Sut 
the duties and offices of the youth or 
young men being declared^ now we 
must speak of beneficence to others ; 
sed expositis adolescentum officiis, de- 
inceps de beneficentia diceudum est j 

Note 2. In expressions of this kind, 
the particle BtiNG answers to the 
Greek particle wv, or the Latin ens, 
formerly used, but now md of use, unless 
in the compounds of it, prssens, absens, 
&c., and may be rendered\by existens ; 
but the omission of it is more elegant, 
or the variation of it by a verb tvith 
qui or cum, as i/ /or Ignavuin fucos 
pecus, should be said, — qui simt, or 
cum sint ignavum pecus : or for, lajtor 
quod absens es consecutns, slwuld be 

said, quod cum esses absens so 

Cicero, ille enira cum esset consul in 

Gallia, exoratus est For he being, 

i. e. while, or when he was, in Gaul — ; 
Cic. de Sen. 

Note 3. The ablative case absolute 
is governed of some preposition under- 
stood, viz. a, sub, cura, or in : as, Op- 
pressa libertale patriae [the country's 
liberty being oppressed'] nihil est quod 
sperenms amplius, id est, ah, id est, 
lifter, as we say, (a prandio, after diw 

ner, ^c.) oppressa libertate So, 

Saturno rege [Siatum being fciwg"] id 
est, sub Saturno rege, or regnante, as 
Quintil. 1. 5. c. 10. sub Alexandre. So 
Christo duce is cura Christo duce, or 
ducente ; as in Greek we say, <tvu de^. 
So, temporibusque malis [and the times 
being 6ad] ausus es esse bonus, id est, 
in temporibus malis. See Voss. de Con- 
struct, c. 49. 

Note 4. The particle Being in thii 
serac may he rendered by, « verfwith 
some one of these particles, duin, cum, 
ubi, quando, si, postquam : as. Credo 
pudiciliam Saturno rege [id est, dum 
or quando Saturnus rex erat] moratani 
in terris ; Juven. Arcadia judice [id 
est,s\ ipsa Arcadia judicet] ; V^irg, Eel. 
4. His rebus cognitis [id est, post- 
quam res hae cognitae sunt] ; vide Far- 
nab. Sjst. Gram. p. 78. 

II. Being sometimes denotes the 
essence or existence of a thing, and 
then it is rendered by essentia : as, 
Acting infers being ; essentiam in- 
dicat operatio. Note, ens, essentia, 
and existentia, are words much used in 
theology and philosophy: rarely else* 


ys>here ; Quintil. 1. 2. c. 14. Et hrec 
iiiterpretatio non minus dura est, quain 
iJia: Plauii essentia atque entia ; Id. 1. 
3. c. 6. ovffla, quani Flavins essentiam 
vocat : neque sune aliud est ejus nomen 
Latinum ; Sen. Ep. 58. Cupio si tierl 
potest propitiis auribus tuis essentiam 
dicere: sin minus, dicam et iratis : 
Ciceronem auctorem hujus verbi liabeo, 
puto locupletem. — Rogo itaque per- 
mittas mihi hoc verbouti; nihilominus 
dabo oporam, ut jus a te datum parcis- 
sime exerceani : tbrtasse coutentus ero 
mihi licere ; Quintil. 1. 8. c. 3. — Quo- 
rum dura quajdanj admodum videntur 
ens et essentia ; qua? cur tantopere as- 
pernemur, niJiil video, ni^i quod iniqui 
judices adversus nos sumus, ideoque 
paupertate sermonis laboi-amus. 

III. Being sometinies si^iijies pre- 
sence in a place, arid is rendered by 
})r8esentia : «s, 

That my Being here may not be 
any hindrance, but that — ; ne rac pr<t- 
sentia obstet, quin — ; Ter. Your be- 
ing here prevents the doing of these 
things ; ea facere piohibet tua prajsen- 
tia; Ter. 

IV. Being, before the English of 
the infinitive mood, is a sign that the 
woi'd/oUotcing is to be rendered by a 
participle in rus : as, 

If one Being to plead a cause do think 
with himself — > siq"is causam acturus 
secum meditetur^; Cic Ccesaj' being 
to come, I icish I could see the day ; 
Caisare xcnturo, Phosphore, redde di- 
em ; Mart. 

V. Being, tcith a participle of the 
prater tense coming after a verb im- 
porting hindrance, is rendered by a 
passive verb of the infinitive mood, or 
of the subjunctive mood with ne : as. 

Winter kept the thing from Being 
done ; hvems rem geri [ne gercretur 
res] prohibuit; Cic. You both could 
and ought to have hindered that thing 
from being done ; et potuisti prohibere 
ne id fieret, et debuisli ; Cic. " • 

VI. BuiJiG, tcith a participle of the 
prater tense after the particle near, is 
rendered by a passive verb of the sub- 
junctice mood with pamm quin, or 
prope ut : as. 

He was near Being killed; parum 
abfuit quin occideretur. The left icing 
*if the Komccns was now near being 
routed — ; jam prope erat ut sini-strum 
coftiu pelleretur Romanis, ui — ; Liv, 



There was very little between his 
living, and his being killed; propius 
uiiiil est factum quaiu ut occideretur ; 
Cic. Appius overcame, and was very 
near being made Dictator ; Appius vi- 
cit, ac prope fuit ut Dictator ille idem 
crearetur ; Liv. The Roman common- 
wealth was very near being utteiiy 
undone, and destroyed; parum abfuit, 
quo minus Romana res funditus eversa 
periret ; or, nee multuui abfuit, quin — 
ficc. ; Liv. 

VII. Being, coming after these par- 
ticles far, from, is rendered by ut, and 
a verb of the subjunctive mood : as, So 
far is death from bemg an evil, that — ; 

tantum abest ab eo, ut malum mOrg 
sit — ; Cic. To the whi4:h I am so 
far from being a hindrance, tJiat on 
the contrary, O Manilius, I exhort 
and encourage you to it ; cui ego rei 
tantum almost ut impedimento sini, ut 
contra te, Maniii, adhorter ; Liv. 

VIII. As Being isrendei^ed by ut- 
pote, or quippe: as, A people that 
may be numbered, as being small ; po- 
pulus numerabilis, utpote parvus ; Hon 
Democritus, as being a learned man, 
thinks the sun to be of a great compass ; 
sol Deraocrito luagnus videlur quippe 
homiui eru lito ; Cic. 

Note, Jf one that, &c. follow As 
Being, then the whole phrase is to be 
rendered by ut, utpote, or quippe, with " 
qui : as, . 

As Being one who came to great 
sorroiv by her death ; utad quern sum- 
ums moeror- morte sua veniebat ; Cic. 
His bruiher Lucius, as being oiie that 
hud fought abroad, is the leading man ; 
Lucius quidem frater ejus, utpote qui 
peregre depugnavit, familiam ducit ; 
Cic. He knew you would, as being 
one that understood that you both reve- 
renced and feared him ; scibat factu- 
ros, quippe qui intellexerat vereri vos 
se, et metuere ; Piaut. 

Hither refer, ut, sometimes used 
alone for utpote, qui, &c. : as, 

Tiicy say that he. As Bei-ng a furi- 
ous man, did answer — , S^c. ; aiunt 
homineui, ut erat furiosus, respondisse ; 
Cic. And so, scilicet : thus, 

/,.As Being a very wise man, pre- 
sently understood what he was; ego, 
scilicet homo prudentissimus, statim 
intellexi, quid is esset ; Petron. 

IX. Being, ji/*er certain a^ecti^es, 
viz. no, good, iH, bad, safe, dangerous, 



&c., is sometimes put for to be, and is 
rendered by esse, or some compound of 
it, which may be varied by a siib- 
junctive mood, tvith quod, or ut : as^ 

There is no Being /or m£ at Rome ; 
non licet niihi esse Roinae ; Cic. / be- 
Heve it will be the sqfest being for 
you hei'e ; te hie tutissime fore puto ; 
Pomp. Cic. 

Note; If Being be put for living, 
dwelling, continuing, &c. then it will 
be better rendered by an impersonal 
passive. Nam hie manere diutius non 
potest; he can have no being [i. e. 
abiding^ any longer here. In this 
time an honest man has but a most 
wretched being at Rome ; hoc tempore 
bono viro Romse esse luiserrimum est ; 

Other phrases : 

It is in Being ; est in rerum natura. 
/ do little good with being here ; pree- 
sens proraoveo parum ; Ter. You need 
not trouble yourself with [at or about] 
his being gone ; quod decesserit, non 
est quod comraovearis. As to your 
being surety for Pompey — ; quod 
sponsor es pro Pompeio ; Cic. For 
in him we live, move, and have our 
being ; in ipso enim viviraus, et niove- 
mur, et sunius ; Hieron. His speech 
is yet in being; ipsius extat oratio ; 
Cic. Do you think there will be any 
thing the fewer decrees of the senate, 
for my being at Naples? an minus 
raulta senatus consulta futura putas, si 
ego sim N^eapoli ? Cic. So far was 
lie from being covetous of money, tliat 
— ; tantum abfuit a cupiditate pecu- 
niae, ut — ; C. Nepos. They are now 
not in being ; jam nusquara sunt ;— 
in rebus humanis non sunt; nuUi sunt ; 
Cic. Do not think that qfter I am 
gone from you, I shall not be at all in 
being ; nolite arbitrari me, cum a vo- 
bis discessero, nusquam aut nullum fore ; 
Cic. I believe I shall not have any where 
any settled being ; commoraturum me 
nusquam sane nrbitror; Cic. A man 
that lias no settled being ; homo in- 
certi laris. The two camps being so 
near the one to the other; in tanta pro- 
pinquitate castrorum ; Caes. 

TJie cluefuses of Being may be ex- 
pressed as follows : 

I. A Being ; ens, essentia. To be 
in being ; esse in rerum natura, extare. 
One's being or abode ; habitatio. To 
have no settled being j non habere 


commorandl locum, incerti laris. My 

being here ; raea prsesentia. 

Being, i. e. to be: as, 'Tis good 

being hei'e ; bonum est esse hie. There 

is no being/or me here ; non licet mihi 

esse hie. 

Being, before an infin. is a sign of 

the future in rus ; as. Being to come ; 


Being, betwixt two nouns, is a sign 

of apposition, and tliat sometimes in tlie 

ablative case: as, Christ being my 

guide, I rule; Cliristo auspice regno. 
This apposition is sometimes expres' 

sed by, As Being ; quippe, utpote, ur. 

As being one that ; ut qui, utpote qui, 

quippe qui. 

To keep from Being done ; prohi- 
bere, impedire aliquid, ne fiat. It was 
near being done ; parum abfuit quin 
fieret. / am so far from being ; tan- 
tum abest ut sim. 

To BELIEVE; credere, fidere, con- 
iidere ; fidem habere vel adhibere } con- 
cedere ; audire. Alicui credere, assen- 
tiri, fidem dare. Rei fidem, firniissi- 
mara fidem dare, habere, adhibere, tri- 
buere, attribuere, addere, adjungere. 
Aliquid certa fide complecti : peratva- 
sum persuasissimum habere. Dicentis 
auctoritatem revereri. De fide, integri- 
tate auctoris non dubitare.' Hancopi- 
nionem imbiberunt. Certissima fide, 
argumentis indubitatis persuasum est 
mihi, adducor ut credara, ut non ambi- 
gam, ut mihi dubium non sit. Fidem 
dictis addere. Prona venit cupidis in 
sua vota fides. 

Not to be Believed ; incredibilis, 
fide absonus. 

A person not to be Believed as a 
witness; intestabilis. 

No way Believed ; nequaquara 
creditus, nuUatenus creditus. 

More than any one will Believe ; 
supra quam cuique credibile est ; Sail. 
One would not believe {or, it is more 
tlian any will believe ; or it is not to 
be believed :) credibile non est ; Cic. 
incredibile est j Ter. Who will be- 
lieve a word we say ? quis habebit di- 
cenlibus fidem ? Petron. If I may be 
believed ; if you will believe me; si 
qua fides; Mart. Petron. / cannot 
believe any such thing; mihi quidem 
hercle non fit verisimile ; Ter. / but 
nuide you believe, to the intent to try 
you; ea gratia simulavi, vos ut perten- 
tareni ; Ter. / believe she hardly knows 


me ; illam me hand nosse credo ; Tor. 
Vou shall never make me believe this 
tale; nunquam mihi fidem facias hu- 
jus fabulae. To make one believe he is 
in fear ; opinioneni timoris prsebere ; 
Caes. Maice me l^elieve it if you can ; 
perfice si pofes, ut putem ; Cic. You 
are a fool to believe him; stultus es 
f qui liuic credas. / could not believe ; 
non poterain aniinum inducere ; Rla- 
crob. He could never have made any 
believe it, but tliat — ; neniini persua- 
sisset, nisi — ; Cic. 

Not to Believe, or to distrust; ali- 
cui niinirae, parum credere, confidere. 
Aiicujus fideni suspecteni habere ; in 
dubium, in s'lspicione.-n vocare, addu- 
cere. Ea fidem fipud me oratio non 
habet. Nee Homernm audio, &c. Fa- 
bulis, rebus niininie probabilibus, su- 
j)ra commuaem opinioncm fidemque 
naturie demere, negare, detraliere, de- 
rogare, nullam habere fidem. In nu- 
inero fabularum reponere, habere. Ad- 
jung(;re fidem rebus commentitiis nul- 
lam debemus. Omnia mihi sunt sus- 
pecta. Diffidere. ' 

Judicio fidem negat. Ne cito credi- 
deris. Tarda solet iuagnis rebus adesse 
fides. Tarda venit dictis difficilisque 
fides. Tarde quas credita laedunt Cre- 

To Believe readily; nihil reniti, 
non reluctari. 

I Believe it not ; minirae credo, 
mihi non fit verisimile ; verbis, dictis, 
tuis fidem non habeo ; supra commu- 
nem opinionem, fidem naturze; abro- 
gatur, detrahitur, fides tuis verbis cum 
vero dissidentibus, baud verisimilibus, 
sed absurdis. 

We ought not to Believe feigned 
fables ; rebus commentitiis nullam de- 
bemus fidem adjungere. 

Do not easily B^i^i^vt, false fellows, 
or dissembling flatterers in any thing 
they say of me ; ne quid temere credas 
sycophantis de me. Believe those 
things as the oracles of Apollo ; haec, 
ut Apollinis Pythii adyta, tibi pula. 
I can scarcely make myself believe ; 
vix mihi persuadere possum. To make 
a thing not to be believed ; alicui rei 
fidem abrogare j Liv. One who be- 
lieves stedfastly or strongly ; cujus in- 
certa, infirma, fiuxa, fides non est. If 
you do not believe what I say ; si fi- 
dem apud te non habet oratio mca. 
Who, I pray you, is soignorant of all 



arts and sciences, as to Believe these 
things to be true? quis, quaeso, est 
tani ignarus omnium disciplinarum, ut 
ista vera esse, in animuminducat suum ? 
You see how the Rutilians do believe 
things; cernis quaj Kutilos habeat fi- 
ducia rerum ; Virg. 

So to behave himself that no man 
will Believe him; abrogare sibi fi- 
dem. This will make your discourse 
easily be believed ; hoc et auctorita- 
tem orationi afi^eret et fidem. The opi- 
nions of many make me more firmly 
believe that; concurrunt mult*, mul- 
torumque opiniones, quae mihi animiuu 

To Believe new opinions, and dis' 
believe the old ; inserere novas opinio- 
nes, et evellere insitas. 
Belief ; fides. 
Apt to Believe .; credulus. 
Hard q/* Belief ; incredulus. 
Easiness of Bei^iet-; creduliias. 
Hardness of Bei^iev ', incredulitas. 
A wrong Belief ; fides erronea. 
To have little Belief; diflidere, 

Past all Belief ; incredibilis dictu, 
superans onmem fidem. 

Who would Believe it ! proh deum 
atque hominum fidem ! 

/ verily Believe ; isiud mihi est 
persuasissimum. / believe, or am very 
confidenty that — ; pro fide non dubia 
teneo. / will believe you, you need 
not swear; credam tibi vel injurato ; 
nihil opus est jurejurando. / cannot 
believe that ; istud mihi non est verisi- 
mile. May I believe you? vis ut istud 
tibi credam ? You may soon make me 
believe, or persuade me ; mihi facile 
fidem facis. If you will not believe 
me — ; si mihi parum habes fidei. / 
cannot believe you ; verba tua apud me 
fidem non faciunt. 

/ will Believe or trust him no fur- 
ther than I can see him ; parum spec- 
tat3B fidei est. / so firmly believed it, 
that I durst have sworn — ; vel fide 
mea dejerassem — . 

Believe me, I speak the truth, in 
sober sadness ; me vide ; quod res est 
dico ; serio loquor ; dispeream nisi — ; 
emoriar ni loquar ex anirao. 

You may Believe me, and I dare 
warrant you, for it is no fiction; pe- 
nes auctorem fidei periculum esto ; ne 
quod dico videatur tibi commentum« 
/ darf Believe, next unto gospel. 



what he says ; quicquid is de singulis 
pronunciaverit, coclestis mihi oraculi 
vice fuerit. 

Believe it if you will; id quidem 
e*t prjeter syrabolura nostrum. 

To BELONG to; pertinere, atti- 
nere, ad ; competere, cum dat. 

He thinks not himself tmconcemed 
in any thing that Belongs to man; 
humani nihil a se alieiium putat ; Cic. 
Hejiulgcd it to belong to them; id 
iliis adjudicavit ; Cic. If this at all 
hdoiigs to the matter ; si quid etiam 
hoc ad rem pertinet ; Cic. Wlutt does 
that belong to me? quid istudad me 
attinet? Plant. 

It Belongs ; pertinet, spectat. 

To wltom does it Belong ? cujus-a- 

Belonging ; attinens. It belongs 
micch, little or not much, Sfc to vs ; 
nostra niaxime, magnopere, parum.non 
nniltum, interest. That very much be- 
longs to the commonwealth ; hoc velie- 
nienter interest reipublicaj. 

This question Belongs to philoso- 
phy ; ha^c questio in philosophia versa- 
tur. That duty belongs to me; ilia 
res ad meum oflicium i)ertinet. 

BELOW ; infra, sublus. Frombe- 
. low ; inferne, de, sub, &c. See Be- 

To BELIE J mentiri, calunmiari, 

To Belie, or slander any one ; in 
aliquem mentiri ; mendaciis aliquem 
onerare ; affingere aliquid in aliquem ; 
^ crimen in aliquem confingere ; de all- 
quo mentiri ; novis mendaciis aliquem 
aggredi ; mendaciunculis aliquem as- 
jH'rgere ; Cic. Laudibus alicujus ob- 
trectare ; laudi detrahere ; falsa allcui 
objicerc j falsa praedicare, contumeliosc 

To BEND; flee tore ; inflectere, 

To Bend back; reflectere, retor- 

To Bend towards; inclinare. 

To Bevd from; decliiiare. 

To Bend intrard ; iucurvari. 

To Bend round ; in orbem ftectere. 

To Bend a bow ; arcum tendere, ab- 
ducere, sinuare, curvare. 

To Bend his brows ; caperare fron- 

To Bend his fists ; complicare pug- 

To Bend himself^ his mind to a 


thiyig ; applicare se, animum ad aliquid. 

Easy to Bend ; flexibilis, flexilis. 

To Bend ; neut. vergere. 

To Bend, or shrink under a burden ; 
sub pondere uutare. 

To Bend, or stoop down; incurvare 

To Bend forwards; propendere ; 
proclinare, inclinare. 

To Bend backward; recurvare, re- 
plicare, reclinare. 

To Bend a little, or incline ; incli- 
nare, acquiescere. 

To Bend himself to; applicafe. 

To cause to Bend, or lean to ; an- 
nectere, subiiectere. 

To Bend downwards ; inclinare, 
propendere, proclinare. 

To Bend upwards; acclinare. 

Bend all your wits about this; toto 
auimo id age ; totain hue converte 
mentom ; Sen. He bends his mind to ; 
anmmm intendit ad ; Curt. 

To Bend oneself wholly to a thing ; 
omni studio, tota mente, toto animo et 
studio, toto j)ectore, omni cogitatione, 
curaque incumbere ad (in) aliquid; Cic. 

He kept his mind Bent like a bow; 
aaimHm intentum tanquam arcum ha- 
bebat ; Cic. 

BtNT on war; instinctus in helium ; 
Paterc. Is he so bent on it ? itane ob- 
stinate operam dat, ut ? Ter. 

A crooked staff, and a little Bend- 
ing toward the top ; bacillum incur- 
vum, et leviter a summo iuflexum; 

They are not able any longer to 
Bend themselves ; curvare se posse 
desinunt ; JVIacr. He bends his bow ; 
intendit arcum ; Cic. They bend 
them which way they please; flectunt, 
ut volunt; Cic. 

It has a Bending course ; flexuosum 
iter habet ; Cic. 

They saw I began to Bend a little 
through fear ; me paalum inclinare ti- 
more viderunt ; Cic. 

See which way these things Bend, 
i.e. fend; prospice quo ita vergant ; 
Cic. This is all he bends his mind 
to; ad id unum cogltationes omnes 
intendit; huic uni studet ; Quint. Cic. 

To Bend with the course of a ri- 
ver ; secundum naturam flurainis pro- 
cumbere; C?bs. 

Bending to ; inclinans. 

Resolutely Bent; destinatus, obfir- 


Maliciously Bent against one ; in- 
fbnsus cum Dat. 

The 'BzjiT of one's body; corporis 
nixus. Bent, or ready ; proinptus, pro- 
nus. V 

Bent to a thing ; deditns, addictus ; 
propensus, proclivis ; adj. Propen- 
dens ad, se convertens ad ; studiosus, 
appetens rei alicujus. 

Earnestly Bent ; intensus, intentus. 

Bent against one ; aversus, aversis- 
simus ; adj. 

A 13ending, or bowing; curvatio, 
curvatura, flectio, inflectio. A bending 
backward; recurvatio. A bending/or- 
ward ; proclinatio. A bending from 
or downward; declinatio, declivitas, 

BENEATH ; adj. infernus, infenis, 
inferior, infiiuus. Beneath ; a prep, 
infra, sub, subter ; an adv. Infra, 
subtus, deorsum. 

From Beneath ; infeme,^ ex inferis. 

I. Beneath, having a casual word 
aftei' itf is rendered by infra, sub, and 
subter: aSy 

Beneath the moon there is nothing 
but what is mortal ; infra lunam nihil 
est nisi mortale ; Cic. They were be- 
neath those hiUs; sub iliis iuoutiuus 
erant ; Ovid. Virtue has all things 
that may befall a man beneath itself ; 
virtus omnia quae cadere in hominem 
possunt, subter se habet ; Cic. Cyteris 
did sit beneath or below Eutrapelus ; 
infra Eulrapelwn Cyteris accubuit. He 
teas advertised by the spies that the 
enemies had encamped beneath or be- 
Utw the mMuntain ; per exploratores 
certior est factus, hostes sub montem 
consedisse ; Cjes. Alnwst beneath or 
below the middle of the country : tuh- 
ViT mediam fere regionera : Cic. 

II. BKJiii.A.TH, not having any casual 
word after it-, is rendered by infra and 
»ubter : aSf There is a copy rf that 
letter written beneath ; earum iitera- 
rum eierapluin infra scriptum est ; Cic. 
They saidf all these things which are 
above and beneath, are one thing ; om- 
nia haec, quaB supra, et subter sunt, 
ttnuni esse dixerunt ; Cic. 

Other phrases : 

So that we might see all above, Be- 
neath, between ; ut omnia supera, in- 
fera, media videremus ; Cic. But if 
he cast the net beneath or below, he 
keeps the fish from escaping; infra sin 



jecit rete, piscis ne efFuglaf, cavetj 
Plaut. They have nerves and joints in 
the upper pari, but only lines or^ small 
incisures beneath or below, as a man's 
hand ; nervos et articulos in superiore 
habent parte, incisuras vero subter, ut 
maniis humana; Flin. 1. 16. c. 24. 

A BENEFIT ; beneficium, gratia, 
officiura, munus. 

Benefit, advantage, or profit; com- 
modum, emoiumentmu, utilitas. 

To Benefit or profii one ; act. Be- 
nefacere, prodesse. 

To Benefit or profit by one, or by 
any thing; proficere. 

To Benefit or to do good to a man ; 
prodesse, non deesse, emolumento esse ; 
usui esse, commodis alicujus inservire, 
beneficiis omare ; gratum aliquid facere 
alicui ; aliquem adjuvare, omare. 

I will never forget your Benefits 
towards me, while I live ; beneficii me- 
mor. Tua in me officia nunquam ob- 
liviscar, semper meminero, memoria le- 
nebo, perpetua memoria tuebor, custo- 
diam, qonservabo ; tua erga me merita 
nulla unquam apud me delebit oblivio ; 
nulla dies, nulla temporis vetustas ; 
non casus ullus, non fortuna magnitu* 
dinem tuorum erga me merftornm im* 
minuet, ex animo meo delebit, toilet, 
auferet, oblivione delebit, obfuet, ob- 
scurabit, extinguet j vigebit in me tuo- 
runj beneficlofum aetema, perpetua, 
nunquara interitura memoria, nullum 
apud me tuum beneficium intermoritu- 
rum existiraa ; tuam in me singularem 
benignitatem, incredibilem liberaiita- 
tem, semper in animo, semper in ocuHs 
habebo; tuum beneficium omnibus 
meis sermonibus illustrabo, elFeram, ex- 
ornabo, peri re apud me, aut evanescer« 
nunquam patiar ; hsrebunt mihi in 
animo, mente, memoria fixa pennane> 
bunt, impressa in animo ac mente pa> 
tebunt, extabunt tua beneficia ; vitae 
par, aequalis erit recordatio meritorum 
tuorum ; qui mihi vitam dies, ille ipse 
tuorum officiorum memoriam termina- 
bit, finis mihi, ac terminus vitse, benig- 
nitatis et liberalitatis in roe tuse idem 
erit, futurus idem est ; quam amanter 
me tractaveris, quam henigne mihi fe- 
ceris, quam studiose omni te commo- 
daveris, quam humaniter et benefice 
mecum egeris, quibus ofiliciis amicitiam 
nostram colueris, prosecutus sis, quibus 
me rebus auxeris, omaveris, honest^ve* 



ris ; ipse mihi atque etiam aliis com- 
memorabo ; ita din recordabor, quam- 
diu iTiilji vivere contlgerit. 

Other phrases for^ memor beneficii ; 
mindful of a Benefit or good turn ; 
semper nieminero, memoria retinebo, 
tiiebor niente atque animo, nunquam 
obliviscar, nunquam apud me delebit 
oblivio beneficia, officia, merita erga 
roe tua, memorein me tibi, quaecunque 
se occasio dedeiit, obtulerit, probabo ; 
gratum me tibi memoremque praestabo, 
przestabo tibi earn, quam debeo irr^iio- 
riam meritorum tiiornm ; gratum me 
nullo nun loco, nullo non tempore, me- 
luorem gratiae referendae, -studiosum 
sen ties, experieris, cognosces ; grati 
animi laudera in me non requires, non 
desiderabis ; non comraittam, ut ingra- 
tum me appellare possis ; ut in illo of- 
ficio, quod bene merentibus debetur, 
jure me ac merito quisquam repreben- 
dat ; ut in vitium ingrati animi non in- 
cidam ; ne quis mihi turpem ingrati 
animi notam possit inurere, ingrati ani- 
mi vitium, crimen, culpam possit obji- 
cere ; ut ab ingrati animi vitio, crimine, 
culpa, turpi infamia longissime sejun- 
gar, discedam^ absim, valde procul ab- 
~in * "t ea culpa vacem, vacuus sira, 
caream : ejus culpae sum expers, quam 
committunt, qui nuUara referendae gra- 
tiae curani suscipiunt, qui de referenda 
gratia minimum laborant ; enitar^ et «t 
spero, consequar, ut te de me optime 
esse meritum laeteris, ut officra erga me 
tua voiuptati ac laetitiae tibi sint, ut ex 
tuis in me otficiis voluptatem capias, of- 
ficiorum tuorum fmctura feras, perci- 
pias, colJigas ; ut gratiae tuje gratiam a 
me feras, ut parem tibi referam gratiam, 
par pari ut referam, ut officia tua pari- 
Ihis officiis a^quem, compensem, remu- 
iierem, remunerer. 

An especial BenjiFit ; summum bc- 
neficiura. Hoc ego summi beneficii 
loco ponam, numerabo, inter, maxima 
beneficia, referam ; hoc apud me non 
exigui beneficii, non vulgaris grati^B lo- 
cum obtinebit ; ita credam, tulisse me 
bcneficium singulare, gratiam tantam, 
quanta potest esse maxima. 

Ymr Benefits deserve (dl I can do; 
omnia dcbeo tuis beneficiis. Omnia 
tibi studia, omnia prorsus ofl^cia debeo 
tuis beneficiis ; pra-stare cogor tua causa 
quicquid possum, quantuu) valeo, quan- 
tum cousequi viribus posbum, quantum 
est in me iitnm ; tua in me beneficia, 


meum omne studium, meum oflScium, 
omnes a me curas, omnein industriani, 
omnia denique quae in me sunt, nou 
solum postulant, verura etiam exigunt ; 
quid est quod ejj») tua causa non debe- 
am ? obsequi tuae volunlati, morem ge- 
rere, parere, inservire prorsus omni re 

A conferring of Benefits on one ; 
collatio beneficiorum in aliquem. 

They will either Benefit or delight ; 
aut prodesse voliJnt aut delectare ; 

To BEQUEATH ; legare, testamen- 
to, voluntate ultima legare alicui omnia 
suabona ; haeredem ex asse facere, con- 
stituere, scribere, haeredem relinquere ; 

aliquid dare, assignare, deferre. 

Hunc tabulis haeredem, stulte, supre- 
mis scribis. Nil tibi legavit. Hajre- 
dein fecit me Numa, convaluit. 

To Bequeath first to onCy leav- 
ing the remainder to another; praele- 

To BESEECH ; supplicare, obtes- 
tari, obsecrare. Humbly to beseech ; 
suppliciter, submisse precari. 

To Blseech, or pray earnestly ; 
magnopere petere; aliquem impense, 
siudiose, obnixe, pluribus verbis, sup- 
pliciter, demisse, vehementer, iterum 
atque iterum, orare, rogare, obsecrare, 
obtestari, precari, implorare, sum- 
inopere, magna obsecratione interpel- 
lare. Precibus cum aliquo agere, apud 
aliquem contendere ; indefessis pas- 
cere ; prostratus, provolutus ad pedes, 
acriter, vehementer petere ; acrius, ve- 
hemetitius instare. Omnes admovere 
raachinas. Sunimo, acerrimo studio ; 
raaximopere ; majorem in modum ab 
aliquo petere. Ita te rogo, ut majore 
studio rogftre non possim. Votis ar- 
dentibus, incredibili contentione pos- 
cere, exposcere, fiagitare. Humillime 
alicui supplicaie. Maxima ope niti, 
ambire. Per amicitiauj, amorem ; }>er 
ego banc te dextram oro, obsecro. Per 
genu tuum obtestor. Per tuam fidem 
comprecor. Preces descendere in omnes. 
Supplice voce rogant. Te pauper am- 
bit sollicita prece ; per omnes te deos 

To Beseech with tears; implorare, 

/ Beseech thee ; sodes, pro, si au- 
des ; qujeso, obsecro, adv. 

/ Beseech you heartily; magnopere 
a te pelo. 


/ Beseech you as you are honest ; 

per fidein tiiam te obtestor. 

BESIDE, a prep, ; by, or nigh to ; 
prope, propter, juxta, secundum. 

Beside, i. e. except, save, but ; prae- 
ter, extra. 

Beside, i. c. above, more than ; prae- 
ter, ultra. 

Besides, a couj. i. e. more, or more- 
over, furthermore ; pneterea, porro, ad 

. I. Beside sometimes denotes vi- 
cinity or nearness, put for by or nigfi 
to, and is then rendered by prope, prop- 
ter, juxta, and secundum : as, 

Beside that village Annibal pitched 
his camp ; prope eum vicum Annibal 
castra posuit ; Liv. Two sons lying 
hehide their father ; duo filii propter 
patrem cubantes ; Cic We sat down 
in a little meadow beside Plato's statue ; 
in pratulo propterPlatonisstatuain con- 
secJimus ; Cic. He was buried beside 
m'high by the Appian way ; juxta vi- 
ara Apj)iam sepultus est ; Cic. He 
received two v:ounds, one in the stomachy 
the other in the head, beside or nigh 
the ear ; duo vulnera accepit, unum in 
stomacho, alteram in capite, secundum 
aurem ; Cic. Put a little rod beside 
or nigh me ; bacilluni prope me poni- 
tote ; Cic. But I will go out and 
stand beside my father; ego autem exi- 
ens consistam ad latus patris njei. The 
princes that stood beside the king ; 
principibus qui adstabant regi. 

II. Beside sometimes denotes ex- 
ception, put for but, Jsave, or except, 
and is then rendered by prater, preeter- 
quam, and extra : as, 

Nobody thinks so Beside myself; 
hoc ncmini prater me videtur ; Cic. / 
ask of you no reicard beside the eternal 
remembrance of this day; nullum a 
vobis praraiumpostulo prjeterquaro hu- 
jus diei iiiemoriam serapiternara ; Cic. 
There was not any of the kindred by 
beside one old wife ; ueque cognatus 
extra uuam arriculam quisquara aderat ; 
Ter. Herillus so thought, that there 
is nothing good beside kiiowlege ; He- 
rillus ita sensit, nihil esse bonum prfeter 
scientiam ; Cic. / gave no letters to 
tJiem, beside what I gave to you ; nul- 
•las iis, prjBterquam ad te, dedi literas ; 

Cic. No mortal man beside thee , 

S^c. ; nemo mortaliuai eitra te , &c. 




III. Beside sometimes signifies 
more, or more than, or over and above, 
and is then rendered by pneter, or prse- 
terea : as, There were many things be- 
side these, it'hich might justly have 
been objected ; multa erant prater ha?c, 
quae objici merito potuissent ; Quint. 
Except the captain and a few beside ; 
extra ducem paucosque praeterea ; Ci«. 
Therefore I think tluit I alone, beside, 
i. e. above or more than othei's, do have 
or esteem that thing chiefly ; itaque u- 
num banc rem me habere, prater alios, 
pra^cipuam arbitror ; Ter. But after- 
tcards we said nothing beside ; deinde 
autein nihilne prsterea diximus ; Cic. 

A7id hither may be referred, praeter- 
quam with quod, signifying besides 
that, or over and above that: as, in 
that of Cic, nam praeterquam quod t€ 
moveri arbitror oportere injuria, quae 
mihi a quoquam facta sit, praeterea te- 
ipsum quodammodo haec violavit, &c. 
Att. I. 9. And so in 3. de leg. 

For Besides that those conventions 
or assemblies were kept or held in the 
time of the civil wars — ; praeter eninj 
quam quod coniitia ilia essent in armis 
gesta civilibus ; Cic. 

IV. Besides sometimes signifies 
moreover, and then is rendered by porro, 
praeterea, and ad : as. 

And Besides, myioife would hear of 
it, by some means or other ; atque id 
potro aliqua uxor mea rescisceret ; Ter. 
And then besides, that which icould 
Imve been a second dowry to her, is 
lost; turn praite^rea, quae secunda ei 
dos erat, periit ; Ter. Besides he at- 
tacked them in due season; ad hoc eos, 
in tempore aggressus est ; Flor. But 
besides whilst I endeavour to do as 
much as possibly I can for them, I have 
almost spent and ivorn out my life; 
porro autem illis dum studeo, utquam- 
j)lurimum facerem, meam pene contrivi 
vitam ; Ter. 'But besides they say 
that you are going to Cyprus ; praete- 
rea autem te aiunt proficisci Cypriim ; 
Ter. Indeed besides those labors which 
I undertake in that cause, — ; equidem 
ad reliquos iaborcs, quos in hac causa 
suscipio, &c. ; Cic. 

Hither also may be referred, turn, 
which is sometimes so used: as. 

Besides, w moreover, I had no mind 
to wrong her; turn ipsam despoliare 
non libet ; Ter. Besides that he could 



not deny that he teas taken ; turn ae 
deprehensum ncgare non potuisse ; Cic. 

Other Phrases : 

He is Beside himself; delirat et 
roente captus est ; Cic. Deniens est ; 
Ter. /* runs beside the very wall; 
praster ipsa moenia fluit ; Liv. Tliey 
must have water near them^ to run be- 
side them ; oportet esse aquara propin- 
quain, quae praeterflftat; Var. They 
are beside the business in hand ; a re 
disceduut ; Cic. Besides that he was 
old, he was also blind ; ad senectutem 
accidebat etiam, ut caecus essetj Cic. 
de Sen. 

Besides that; praeterquam quod. 

Beside the purpose ; abs re. Be- 
side the cushion ; nihil ad ihombum. 
His wit seiTes him no more t/ian if he 
were beside himself, or mad ; acumen 
delirat. To go beside, or quite from the 
purpose; deerrare, declinare, aberrare, 
egredi, a proposito. 

To BESIEGE; obsidere, obsidione 
cingere, circumvallare, oppugnare. 

To Besiege a town ; urbera, oppi- 
dum circumsedere, circumsidere, cir- 
cumvallare ; castris circundare ; corona 
cingere; ferro obsessam tenere; obsi- 
dione, oppugnatione, vallo tenere, pre- 
mere, cingere ; maxima militum copia, 
multis firmisque praesidiis obsidere et 
oppugnare. Muros obsidione claudere. 
Hostes exercitu, armatis copiis sepire; 
vallo, aggere circumsepire, circumclu- 
dere, concludere, continere, prohibere 
ab egressu. Ad muros castra promovere, 
vineas et turres admovere nioenibus. — 
Celsam magnis oppugnat nioiibus ur- 
bem. Bello oppida quatere, tentare. 
Muro imminet hostis. Circundant un- 
dique muros. Urbera densa includere 
corona. — Montana sedit circuni castella 
sub arniis. Septena muros castra The- 
banps premunt. Muris agmen, exerci- 
tum advertere, admovere. Ingenti ur- 
bera obsidione tenere. Urbera castris 
sepire ; bellicis raachinis, tormenlomm 
copia, et apparatu maximo, attentare ; 
longa obsidione fatigare ; trahere in 
longius urbis obsidionem ; fame urbera 
sufFocare, obsidione premere ; castiis 
positis ad urbera sedere ; hostem inter- 

To relieve the town from being Be- 
sieged ; obsidionem solvere. Urbem 
ab obsidione eximere, vindicare, libe- 
rare- Urbem ex obsidione eripere ; 
ab obsidione destitere, absislere. Ob- 


sidione, oppugnatione, absistere ; "Lit. 
Castra movere, amovere; locum cora- 
mutare, exercitum alio deducere. 

BEST, an adj. ; optimus, prsestan- 
tissimus; lectissimus, potissimus. Best, 
an adv. ; optime. Best of all, or chiefly ; 
potiisime,potJssinium, rectissirae. Best, 
beyond comparison ; tara bene, ut ni- 
hil supra. 

To do his Best ; facere sedulo, pro 
virili, summo opere niti ; intendere ner- 
vos. To make the best of a bad bar- 
gain ; redimere se captum quam queat 
niinirao. But what think you had we 
best do now? ^e6 nunc quid faciendum 
censes ? — facto est opus ? Ter. You 
had best do as I bade you ; fac tu ut 
dixi, si sapis ; Ter. / will do my best ; 
sedulo faciam ; ego quod potero, eni- 
tar sedulo ; Ter. They did their best ; 
pro se quisque sedulo faciebant ; Ter. 
But when I had done the best / coiM ; 
sed cum omnia fecissera ; Cic. 

It is the Best course you can take; 
nihil prius; Ter. We must do the 
best we can {our best — ) that — ; omnis 
adhibenda cura erit, ut — ; Cic. It 
may hence be best understood; ex hoc 
intelligi raaxirae potest ; maxime per- 
spici ; Cic. From whence it might be 
best seen ; ex quo maxime conspici po- 
terat; Plin. The society of men will 
be best preserved, if — ; optime socie- 
tas hominum serval)itur, si — ; Cic. 

So as tliey may Best hang togethei' ; /. 
ita ut quam aptissime coheereant ; Cic. 

We strive who should love himBv-sr ; 
quem certatim araamus ; Cic. / think 
you had best come to me ; censeo ad 
nos venias ; Pomp. Every man likes 
his own best ; sua cuique res est caris- 
siraa ; Petron. He is none of the best ; 
homo non probatissimus ; Cic. 

/ think it Best for you ; nihil puto 
tibi esse utilius ; Cic. To the best of 
my power ; pro virili parte ; — modo 
virium ; — viribus ; Cic. Quint, quod 
quco. To the best of my re^iembrance ; 
ut nunc maxime memini ; Plant. Ut 
mea memoria est ; Cic. You can tell 
the best yourself; <•" ©3 optimus tes- 
tis — ; Cic. The best philosopher ; 
princeps philosophorum ; Cic. . 

What had we Best do ? quid consi- 
lii capiemus? quid nobis potissimum 
opus facto fiet ? They could not tell 
what icere best-fo do ;— what course 
were best to take ; nesciebant quid pras- 
staret ; Caes. They buy their wares at 


tJie best hand; mercimonias a raagna- 
riis negotiatoribus, qui in solidum ven- 
dunt, coeinunt. Do your best to get 
it done ; operam, ut fiat, da ; Ter. To 
make the best of every thing ; lucrum 
undicunque captare ; utilitatera in om- 
nibus sectari. 

To put the Best construction on any 
thing ; fequi bonique consulere. To 
strive who sliall do best ; £emulari. 
Striving who shall do best ; aeraulatione 
virtutis nioti. He is absolutely the best; 
quo sol nihil unquanj vidit excelleniius. 
This is the best, / jn'ffer it to all; 
ego hoc optimum, praestantissimum,an- 
tiquissimura, habeo. He is the best; 
ille palmam fert, praeripit. Spes gregis; 
qui eiuinebat inter illos. Plurimis su- 
perat parasangis. Tins is the best, or far 
the better; optimum hoc, vel satius 
est multo quara — , &c. He hits done 
his best, hi^ masterpiece ; summaiu art is 
expressit. When you have all done your 
best ,; vos, cum omnes officii numeros 
irapleveritis. The best that ever man 
saw; quicquid eximium noster habet 
aut alter orbis, lotigo post intervallo 
sequitur. The best men of the city ; 
optimates urbis. To have the best 
of ; aiiquem aliqua re vincere, su- 

To BESTIR himself; cranes nerves 
intendere ; inniti sedulo ; omnem ope- 
ram navare; sumriie laborare; omncra 
movere lapidem ; nullum laborem praj- 

To BESTOW, or give; largiri, con- 
ferre, irapertiri. 

To Bestow, or lay out ; expendere, 
impcndere, insumere, erogare. 

To Bestow, or place ; locare, collo- 
care, elocare. 

To Bestow on charity ; erogare. 

To Bestow, or lay up ; recondere. 

To Bestow cost ; sumptum facere. 

To Bestow his pains ; locare ope- 
ram, curam ponere in re aliqua. 

To Bestow his time ; conterere 
tempus ; collocare bonas horas. 

To Bestow gifts on one; aliqucm 
muneribus cumulare. 

To Bestow a daughter; fiiiam col- 
locare ; nuplum dare. 

How will you Bestow yourself 7 
quid interea acturus es ? You bestowed 
expense on her ; sumptusfecisti in eam ; 
Ter. He scarcely bestowed ten groats 
in provisiojis ; vix drachmis opsonatus 
est decern ; Ter. 



It is the best Bestowed money I 
have laid out this good while ; nee quic- 
quam argenti locavi jamdiu usquam 
aeque bene ; Plant. My labor wiU be 
well bestowed ; bene erit opera posita ; 
Cic. / am sure I could never have be- 
stowed my labor better; certe ego ope- 
ram nusquam melius potui ponere; 
Plaut. They wonder that I bestow so 
much pains and time in it ; in eo tan- 
tum me operte et teraporis ponere mi- 
ran tur ; Cic. All that time was be- 
stowed in reading ; id omne (tempus) 
consumebatur in legendo ; Cic. Bestow 
all upon this one ; omnia in hunc unum 
'conferas; Cic. 

To Bestow pains on things; ope- 
ram conferre in res ; Cic. 

Kindness is better Bestowed on 
good, than on rich men ; melius apud 
bonos, quam apud fortunatos beneficium 
collocatur ; Cic. Bestow some time 
on this consideration ; aliquid imper- 
tias temporis huic cogitationi ; Cic. 
The booty he bestowed on the 
soldiers ; prsedam militibos dcnat ; 

To Bestow a kindness ; heneficxnm. 
alicui dare, deferre, in aliquera conferre, 
collocare ; Cic. 

To Bestow, or give, a present or 
gift; munere afficere. Donare cui- 
quam, dona dare, largiri, munus ofFerre 
cuiquam, donis quenquam afficere, do- 
nare quenquam munere, dona in quen- 
quam conferre, raunera conferre, li- 
beralis in quenquam esse, liberalitate 
uti, liberalitatera exercere non soles, in 
consuetudine non habes. 

To Bestow a benefit on, or to do a 
good turn ; beneficentia prosequi ; be- 
nevolentia, amore, amicitia afficere, 
Beneticiis, bonis conditionibus aiiquem 
augere ; cumulare off.ciis ; beneficium 
in aiiquem conferre ; bene de aliqua 
raereri ; beneficio afficere; observantia 
colere ; benefacere ; benefacta cumu- 
lare ; rem facere alicui gratam, quam 
gratissimam ; benignitatem, officia con- 
ferre ; benevolentiam declarare, prae- 
stare ; apud Cic. Tribuere operam a- 
micis, officium homiiii amicissimo ; be- 
nigne alicui facere ; aiiquem beneficio 
demereri; plurimum humanilatis alicui 
impertire; thesauros sure bonitatis alicui 
explicare; aliquid alicui beneficii loco 
deferre ; officia omnia amicitias alicui 
pra?stare ; arctissimo meritorum vinculo 
aiiquem sibi astringere. Indicium, sig- 



num, testlmoniutn, pignus hutnanltatis 
apud aliquem relinquere ; bene po- 
nere beneficiuni apud aliquem ; bene- 
ficiis et liberalitate aliquem prosequi ; 
large, niunifice, honorifice aliquem ex- 
cipere, tractare ; suo beueficio aliquem 
astrictum habere ; rauneribus magnitu- 
dine immensis, numero infinitis, digni- 
tate excellentibus aliquem afficere. 

Bestow this benefit on me; prje- 
stes raihi hoc beneficium. I do hearti- 
ly wish, O Brutusy that you could 
bestow your endeavours in that affair; 
quam vellem, Brute, studium tuum hac 
in re navare potuisses ; Cic. 

Benefits being Bestowed on both 
sides ; beneficiis ultro citroque datis et 

/ am bound and obliged to him by 
the perpetual rnemoiy of a benefit 
Bestowed on me; illi sum astrictus 
meraoria beneficii in me colJati serapi- 

He Bestowed the greatest benefits 
dn this city, at this man's request; 
summa in eam civitatem, hujus rogatu, 
studia et beneficia conlulit. 

For when the king had Bestoaved 
and heaped upon him all the benefits 
he could ; cum enim in ilium omnia 
quae po.tuisset beneficia plena manu rex 

I know that all the benefits I have 
Bestowed on you are very grate- 
fully accepted by you ; cognovi omnia 
quje a me profecta sunt beneficia in 
te, tibi accidisse gratissima. 

Is there any on whom the benefits 
of God's goodness are not Bestowed ? 
ecquis est in quem Dei beniguitas non 
exstet ? 

By whom when he had Bestowed 
a benefit but upon one, yet he seemed 
to procure the favor from a great 
many ; a quo cum apud unum posuis* 
set beneficium, videatur a raultis ta- 
men gratiam inire. By bestowing his 
fayms largely, he kept all in the exer- 
cise of their duty ; liberalitate sua om- 
nes in officio continebat. To bestow 
benefits sparingly ; tenuiter largiri, be- 
ncvolentiam contrahere. 

^ To BET, to lay a wager ; cerlare 

A Bet, stake, or gage ; deposltum, 
pignus, sponsio. 

Having a mind to make Bets ; 
sponsionibus concitatus. Name your 
bet, say what you will bet on it ; tu 


die mecum quo pignore certes; Virg» 
/ will lay you any bet ; quavis sponsi- 
one provoco. / will bet nothing; I 
will lay no bets with you ; non auaim 
quicquam deponere tecum j Virg. 

To BETAKE himself some where ; 
recipere se, conferre se. For safety ; 

They BETAKE themselves home; do- 
mum se referunt. 

I Betook myself wholly to the com- 
monwealth; me totum reipublicee tra- 
didi;Cic. I hetook myself chiefiy to 
this kind of study ; ad hoc nos stu- 
dium potissimum contulitnus; Cic. 
They betook themselves thither ; se eo 
contulerunt ; Caes. 

To Betake himself to the study of 
viiiue; ad virtutura studium se con- 
ferre ; Cic. 

They Betook themselves to flight ; 
se in fugam contulerunt j Cic. They 
quickly betook themselves to their wea- 
pons ; ccleriter arma ceperunl ; Cas. 

To BETHINK himself; cogitare, 
considerare, recolligere se. See to con- 
sider or think. 

To BtTHiNK and muse upon before- 
hand ; or, to bethink himself what to 
do or say; raeditari, prameditari, re- 
colligere se. / bethink myself what 
to do; quid agara cogito ; Ter. 

I Bethought me of many things ; 
multa mihi veniebant in mentem ; 
Cic. Bethink yourself, I pray yoUj 
of these things ; quaeso facito ha?c .te- 
cum cogites ; Ter. To bethink one's 
self: as, I did bethink myself; oc- 
currebat ilia ratio ; in banc cogita- 
tionera veni ; sic mecum cogitabam ; 
hate tacitus mecum ipse voluto ; in eam 
cogitalionem incidi ; hie est mentis 
meas sensus ; haec mentis agitatio ; sic 
mecum meditabar; hue me converti 
animo et cogitalione. 

/ will spend some time to Bethink 
of that ; ego huic cogitation! aliquid 
temporis impertiam ; in hac cogitatione 
curaque versabor. 

I 13ethink myself often of you when 
you are absent ; te absentem cogitati- 
one sjcpe complector. 

/ will Bethink myself of those 
things which you have said ; haec quae 
djxisti mente complectar ; hfec repeto, 
et dies et noctes cogito j ratione et 
anipio haec histrabo. 

To BETIDE, or happen ; accidert, 
evenire, contingere. See to befaU* 


Woe Betide thee ! vae tibi ! 

BETIMES, or very earhj ; ben^ 
niane, multo raane. Betimes, or in 
^ood time ; mature, cito, tempori. 

To be old Betimes ; mature fieri se- 
uem ; Cic. 

Betimes in the morning he gate me 
yow letters ; multo mane aiihi tuas de- 
dit Hteras ; Cic. 

Being come Betimes in the morn- 
ing to the bridge; quura diluculo ve- 
nissem ad pontem ; Cic. 

/» those countines winter comes Be- 
times ; in iis locis maturaa sunt hy- 
cmes; Caes. 

To BETRAY; prodere, tradere. 
To betray, or discover a thing ; indi- 
cate, arguere. 

To Betray a town or country; pa- 
triam, civitatera, salutem publicam ci- 
vium, prodere. Urbeni venalem ha- 
bere, in hostiura nianus tradere. Pretio 
depacisci excidium patriae. Perduel- 
lionibus patriam venditare. Proditio- 
nis in patriam reura teneri. — .^ratas 
hosti recludere portas. Civitatem hos- 
tibus dare ; pietatem illara, quara prin- 
cipi patriaeque debcas, violare. 

T« Betray one ; persceius aliquem 
insidiosissime deserere ; cum aiiquo 
perfide agere. 

Either you Betray me, or you for- 
sake the care of my safety ; aut mei 
ipsius proditores estis, aut desertores 
jneas salutis. 

Your own ivickedness will Betray 
you ; tua ipsius nequitia te prodet. 

To Betray one's cowardice ; imbel- 
les animos detegere. 

BETl'ER, an adj. ; raelior, potior, 
praestantior. Better, an adv. ; melius, 
rectius. iStomewhat better; raelius- 
cule. Never the better ; nihilo rae- 

A Better man; homo dignior. 

A Better cau^e ; superior causa. 

A Better bargain ; potior condi- 

A Better fortune ; fortuna secun- 

To have the Better of ; superare, 

To give one the Better ; cedere, 
herbam porrigere. 

It is Better ; praestat, satius est. 

To Better, or to make better; 
^raendare, meliorare, provehere in me- 



To grow Better in health; con- 

To grow BETTEft in manners ; mo- 
res in melius mutare. 

To be never tJie Better ; niiiil quid- 
quam proficere. 

One's Betters ; superiores. 
It is Better, more Jit or conveni- 
ent ; satius, rectius, melius, utilius, 
cominodius, praestantius, tutius, prze» 
stabilius est. Multo potius, optatius, 
optabilius videtur. Prajstat, magis con- 
venit, conducit nostris rebu^, magis 
aptum, accommodatum, idoneum, op- 
portunum, cummodum est. 

For your Better understanding 
of; ut rem teneatis rectius ; Plaut, 

/ sliall get the Better of it ; vin- 
cam scilicet ; Ter. For the most part 
he had the better of them ; plerumque 
superior fuerat ; Paterc. 

No Better soldier tlian citizen; 
nee in arrais praestantior, quam in 
toga ; Cic. 

/ take it so mv£h the Better ; 
hoc fero animu aequiore j Cic. 

She is somewhat Better ; melius- 
cula est ; Ter. He is in so much tlie 
better condition ; eo est meliore condi- 
tione ; Cic. When am I better for 
this? quid tamen hoo prodest? Ovid.^ 
Quid profuit olim — Hippolyto grave 
consilium ? Jav, 

What is one man Better than anO' 
ther ? homini homo quid praestat ? Ter, 
His writings are no better than they 
are said to be ; ejus scripta tantum in- 
tra famam sunt ; Quint. Tliey like 
their new house the better ; novo do- 
micilio potius contentae sunt. 

As big again and Better ; alterj^ 
tan to major ; Cic. You would do a 
great deal better — ; plus agas ; Ter, 
/ had better not have done it ; me mi- 
nus fecisse satius sit ; Ter. 

The Better I knew if, the ofteiier 
I used it ; quo magis novi, tanto sje- 
pius — ; Ter. I the better remember 
it by this ; hoc adeo commemini ma- 
gis; Plaut. 

It were Better I were dead; m'ori 
me satius est ; Ter. Satius esse credo ; 
Id. It is better /or you to lose a thou- 
sand pound Uiat way, than for himone 
single pound ; tibi perdere talentum 
hoc pacto satius est, quam illo minam ; 
Id. What are you the better now'f 
nunquid nunc es certior i Flaut. 




You will be never the Better ; ni- 
hil promoveris ; Ter. He loves it bet- 
ter than his own self; carius illi est, 
*juam ipse est sibi ; Ter. 

That I believe to be the Better 
toay ; credo isthic melius esse ; Ter. 

To Better his estate ; rem familia- 
rem ainplificare ; Cic. / can make no 
hetier shift; nullum aliud habeo per- 
fugium ; Cic. The nearer I comej the 
better I see; eo melius mihi cemere 
videor, quo propius adsum ; Cic. 

One could not tell which loved him 
Better ; intelligi non potuit,, uter 
eum plusdiligeret; Corn. Nepos. Now 
one side had the better of ity now the 
other ; vario Marte pugnatum est. 

To repay with the Better ; ma- 
jore mensura reddere ; Cic. Our sol- 
diers had far the better of them ; nos- 
tri niilites facile superabant ; Czes, 

To Better a man's estate, to prefer 
or exalt him ; dignitatem alicujus au- 
gere; fortunam amplificare; ad altio- 
rem locum provehere ; in feliciorem 
statum asserere ; aliquera attollere, di- 

To grow Better and Better ; pro- 
ficere in melius ; melior in dies fieri ; 
pristiiia vitia deponere ; ad studium 
melioris vitas concitari ; mores corii- 
gere et emendare. 

When you hear your Betters 
speak, be silent ; quoties te alloquitur 
quisquara cui debes honorem, tu sileas. 
/ did as my betters bade me ; raajorum 
feci iniperio. He reverently presented 
the gift to his betters ; munusculum 
licet levidense, venerabun^us superio- 
ribus suis tradidit. 

Better be idle than not well em- 
ployed; praestat otiosura esse, qiiam 
male occupari. ■ Better be happy than 
wise ; gulta fortunae pr£e dolio sapien- 

Better once a mischief, than al- 
ways inconvenience ; prjEstat semel 
malum quam semper incoraraodum. 

BE 1 WEEN ; inter. ^ 

Between themselves^ privately; 

Between hoth^ i. e. in the middle ; 
in medio, medius, intermedius, inter 

Between both, i. e. indifferent ; 
in neutram partem propeudensj in 
confinio positus. 

Between the one and the other; 


To be Between j inleresse, intcrja* 

To §"0 Between ; intercedere.. 
To put or lay Between j interpo- 
nere, interjicere. 

Of a middle nature Between good 
and bad ; medioximus. 

Between is genei'ully rendered by 
inter, sometimes alone, sometimes in 
composition, and sometimes together 
with a word compounded with itself: 

Let us befriends Between ourselves ; 
amici inter nos simus j Ter. There are 
vast deserfs between ; vast* solitudines 
interjectae sunt ; Cic. There was but 
one river between the two catnps; inter 
bina castra, unum flumen tantum in- 
tererat ; Cses. Between the two con' 
sulships ten years did intervene ; inter 
duos consulatus anni decem iuterfluxe- 
runt ; Cic. This is the difference be- 
tween we and them, that — '■, Sfc. ; hot! 
inter me et illos interest, quod — , 6cc. s] 
Cic. ^* 

A day or two had intervened Bi 
tween, when the affair seemed verifl 
uncertain; unus aut alter dies inte 
cesserat, cum res parum certa videl 
tur ; Cic. 

Yet there are other ways by which 
Between is rendered, as, for instance^ 
in the following phrases. 

Between the devil and the dee 
sea ; inter sacrum, saxumque sto. Proy, 
ex Plaut. Nunc ego, inquit, omninol 
occidi ; nunc ego inter sacrum et sax-J 
uni, nee quid faciam scio. Suraptui 
apparet ex priscis foederis feriendi 
remoniis, in quibus faecialis porcui 
saxo feriebat, haec interim pronunciansi. 
Qui prior populusicedus rumpet, Jupi* 
ter eum ita feriat quemadmodum ego 
porciim hoc lapide ferio. Sed undi- 
cunque fluxit adagium, satis liquet dici 
solitum, in cos qui perplexi, ad extre- 
mum periculum rediguntur. Quo in 
casu, inter Scyllamet Char^bdim, dici 
etiara solet. 

The senate appointed him to be the 
umpire Between the Nolanes and 
Neapolitanes ; arbiter Nolanis et Nea- 
poliianis a senatu dalus est ; Cic. 
There was a parcel of ground left be- 
tween ; aliquantum agri in medio reli- 
quum est ; Cic. So as that we might 
see all above, beneath, and between ; 
ut omnia supera, infera, media videre- 
rovsj Cic. She placed herself be^y^e^l^ 



them ; se mediam locavit ; Virg. Has 
there nothing else been between you ? 
nunquidnam ainplius tibi cum ilia fuit ? 
Ter. See what a difference there is 
between man and man; hem, vir viro, 
quod praestat; Ter. Many words 
passed between iw; multa verba ultro 
citroque habita sunt ; Cic. All the 
time between youth and old age; quit- 
quid est illud inter juveneni et senera 
medium ; Sen. 

Between whiles; per media inter- 
valla ; interea ; interim. 

To BEWAIL; deplorare, lugere, 
lamentari, deflere, piangere. 

To Bewail a, friend's death; amici 
familiaris, hominis conjunclissimi obi- 
tum, jacturam, mortem lugere, deplo- 
rare, deflere, lamentari : dolore, moe- 
rore et lachrymis prosequi, excipere, 
aegre, ac dolenter ferre ; ferre, susti- 
nere toleranter, zequanimiter, sine fletu 
ac dolore maximo non posse. De 
araisso altero se vehementissime con- 
queri. Hominis perfamiliaris desideri- 
uni ferre non posse. Morti alicujus . 
illachrymare. ,Tu semper urges flebili- 
bus modis amicum aderaptum. Quis 
desiderio sit pudor aut modus tam cha- 
ri capitis ? Socium suspirat ademptum. 
Da lachrymas, lugubriaque indue, nee 
me Indeploratura sub inania Tartara 
mitte. — Amici calentem debita sparges 
lachryma favillara. 

To Bewail with tears; dolorem la- 
chrymis testari. 

Who alone with tears Bewailed 
the death of the innocent person ; qui 
niorti innocentis unus illachrymavit ; 

To Bewail the miseries of another 
most bitterly; miserias alicujus acer- 
bissimo animi dolore prosequi. 

A man much Bewailed ; magnum 
relinquens sui desiderium, multumque 

Ts BEWARE, or take heed ; cavere, 
praecavere, providere, videre, curare, 
vitare, evitare. 

To Beware, or look before him; 

To Beware, or avoid a thing ; de- 
vitare, fugere, effugere. 

To Beware, or take heed to him- 
self to have, a care of himself; sibi 
cavere, providere, timere, prospicere, 
ne rationes suas ad eos scopulos appeU 
lat, ad quos afflictam aliorum navem 
viderit. DUigeatefj studiose, magna 



cum diligentia praecavere, anlmadver- 
tere. Cautionera quandam in omni te 
adhibere. Omnia consiiio experiri. 
Providere ne quid periculum eveniat. 
Consilia instructa habere, quibus mala 
possis avertere. Caute observare ne 
quid accidat* Quae consiiio provider! 
poterunt cavebo, ne imprudentia labar. 
Vide, cave quid agas, ne temere facias. 
Quod cavere possis stultum est admit- 
tere. Cautio et provisio incommodo- 

But we must chiefly now Beware 
of tJiat ; verum caute jam hoc obser- 
vandum est. 

We mUrSt especially Beware, or 
have a care, that prudence be joined 
with power; ilia speciatim cautio re- 
quiritur, ut adsit cum potestate pru- 

But now we must Beware lest we 
be deceived by humble supplication, or 
by the feigned representation of equi- 
ty ; jam vero erecti, parati, armati 
animis esse debemus, ne blanda aut 
supplici oratione, aut aequitatis simuia- 
tione fallamur ; Cic. in Ant. 

Beware or take heed you tell it to 
nobody; cave ne cuiquam dixeris ; 
vide ne mortaliijm uUi indicaveris ; 
vide ne temere apud ailiquem efFutias ; 
digito labellum compresseris ; Harpo- 
cratem egeris, finxeris. Harpocrates 
autem dicebatur silentii Deus inter 
^gyptios; qui proinde depingebatur 
cum digito ori suo admoto ; Ovid. At 
revera Graecus erat philosophus, cujns 
eruditio ac praecepta eo roaxime tende- 
bant, ut silentium prajciperet, et omni-' 
bus rebus anteponeret j unde prover- 
bium, Harpocratem reddere; Catull. 
To make one hold his tongue, as if he 
were dumb. 

Beware what you do ; vide etiam 
atque etiara quid agas. 

Beware that you be not deceived ; 
vide ne fallaris. 

Beware of an inquisitive person ; 
percontatorem fugito. 

To BEWITCH ; fascinate, effasci- 
nare, incantare, Veneficas, raaleficas, 
magicas artes, artis magicae praestigias 
exercere. Cantilenam aliquam magi- 
cam insusurrare. Veneficiis atque can- 
tationibus, carminibus, magicis arti- 
bus, fascinis patrare maleficia, damna 
dare, perniciera afferre. Circaso pocu- 
lo, cantationibus Thessalis naturam in- 
vertere, homines in bestias ferasque 



mutare. Theij seemed to have be- 
witched the young man; ii mentem 
oranem adolescent! videbantur excan- 
tasse. This is done by bewitching en- 
chantments ; veneficiis et cantionibus 
hoc factum est. She hath bewitched 
me ; per prsestigias me compilavit. 

By Bewitching enchantments they 
Imvc laid this sickness on him ; incan- 
tamentis et malis artibus morbum hunc 
adolescenti immiserunt. 

This juggler, by Bewitching and 
enchanting tricks, deceives the sight 
of the eyes ; hie praestigiator oculorum 
aciem fallit. 

To BEWRAY, or disclose; prodere, 
edere, promulgare, deferre, patefacere, 
divulgare, publicare, indicare, significa- 
re, retegere, revelare* 

To Bewray, or discover secrets ; 
res arcanas, fidei commissas, conimen- 
datas prodere, indicare, elfundere ; fo- 
ris effutire ; foras efferre ; divtdgare, 
promulgare, aperire, notas facere, in 
medium producere, patefacere, detege- 
re, retegere, in valgus dissipare, edere, 
spargere, esfferre, denudare, preedicare, 
enuntiare, vulgare, declarare, pandere. 
Arcana, occulta consilia apud omnes 
exponere, palam facere ; in publicum 
einittere, proferre ; in solem educere, 
producere, rem patefacere, et in forum 
proferre. Qufe clam audivi palam ede- 
re, Plenus riraarum es ; hue atque 
illuc diffluis, profluis : tibi tradita non 
retines, contines, effluunt omnia. In- 
continentis linguae. Cribro, dolio per- 
tu80 incontinentior, infidelior. Later- 
na pellucidior. — Dare facta lalentia 

Your own knavery will Bewray 
you ; tua ipsius nequitia te prodet. 

To Bewray his fault by his look; 
crimen prodere vultu ; Ovid. To be- 
wray one's cowardliness ; irabelles ani- 
inos detegere ; Lucan. 

BEYOND, a prep. ; trans, ultra, 
supra, praster, extra : a«, 

'^v.xotiv all measure; supra raodum. 

Beyond, an adv. ; ulterius, porro. 

Beyond sfa, an adj.; transmarinus, 

To go Be\ ond ; transire, transilire, 

That is Beyond the Alps; transal- 
pinus, adj. 

To go or travel Beyovd the Alps ; 

To g-o Beyond one; i. e, to over- 


reach one; circumvenire, circumgcii"^ 

To go Beyond ; i. e. to excel ; prffi- 
stare, superare, praterire, anteire, prae- 

I. Beyond, referring to place on 
or to the further side of which any 
thing is, or goes, is rendered by trans, 
and ultra, and sometimes (though sel- 
dom) by super, extra, and prater. 

At that very time was I Beyond 
the sea ; ego eo ipso tempore trans 
mare fui ; Cic. Whilst I was wander- 
ing without any care beyond my bounds ; 
dum ultra terminum curis vagor expe- 
ditus ; Hor. / think sometimes of 
planting some gardens beyond the 
river ; cogito iuterdum trans fluvium 
hortos aliquos parare ; Cic. Even be- 
yond the mountain Taurus they have 
heard of marriage ; trans montem Tau- 
rum etiam de matrimonio est audilum ; 
Cic. There is nothing beyond those 
high hills but the ocean itself; nihil 
est ultra illam altitudinem moutium us- 
que ad oceanum. He passed over be- 
yond the river Mosa, by a bridge made 
of boats; ultra Mosam navali ponte 
transgreditur ; Flor. The river Tiber 
ovei'Jlowed beyond the banks ; super 
ripas Tiberis effusus aranis ; Liv. He 
shall govern far and wide beyond the 
farthest Indians; super Garamantas et 
Indos — Proferet imperiura ; Virg. 
There is a land situate beyond the 
stars ; beyond the courses of the sun 
and the year; jacet extra sidera tellus, 
extra anni solisque vias ; Virg. ^n. 6. 
The horse must be driven beyond the 
known inns ; diversoria nota praster 
agendus equus ; Hor. 

Note, If from be before Beyond, 
then it is rendered by trans alone, or in 
composition^ with a preposition an- 
nexed: as. 

From a country Beyond the sea ; 
e transmarina regione. In a country 
beyond the river ; in regione transfiu- 
viali. He is carried even beyond the 
Alps ; trans Alpes usque transfertur ; 
Cic. From beyond Jordan ; de, trans 
Jordanem ; Hier. 

II. Beyond, referring to measure, 
and signifying above, is rendered by 
praeter, supra, extra and ultra : as, 

The Athenians are excellent in that 
kind Beyond others ; Attici in eo gene- 
re praeter caeteros excellunt ; Cic. You 
must take heed you be not expensive 


beyond measure ; cavendum est ne ex- 
tra modum sumptu prodeas ; Cic. 
They set down a certain measure, be- 
yond which none ought to go ; adhi- 
bent modum quendam, quem ultra pro- 
gredi non oporteat ; Cic. The Albun 
lake flowed beyond measure; lacus Al- 
banus praster modum crevit ; Cic. If 
their number increase beyond measure ; 
si supra modum se immerus eoruni pro- 
fuderit ; Colura. So accurately that 
nothing could be beyond ; ita accurate, 
ut nihil possit supra ; Cic. Nothing 
possible beyond ; nihil pote supra. A 
voice or sound beyond measure harsh 
and out of tune, or disagreeing ; vox 
extra modum absona ; Cic. i. e. prseter 
modum ; Niz. The bounds or limits 
which right -or equity can neither con- 
sist beyond, nor on this side ; fines 
quos ultra citraque nequit consistere 
rectum ; Ilor. An oration so excel- 
lently written that nothing can go be- 
yond it; oratio scripta elegantissime, 
ut nihil possit ultra ; Cic. If that be 
such a kind of cause that we can pro- 
pose things certain, beyond which no- 
thing can be said; si id genus erit 
causje, ut proponere pr ssimus certa, 
extra qua? nihil dici possit ; Quint, 

Note ; v/ what come after Beyon'd, 
then ultra may have quam ajter it : 

It is lengthened Beyond what is 
sufficient ; ultra quam satis est, produ- 
citur ; Cic. Although there be no 
mischief beyond what we have suf- 
fered ; ctsi nihil ultra malorum est, 
quam quod pass-i sumus ; Liv. Nei- 
ther can we go beyond what is offered 
or seems to be likely and probable ; nee 
ultra quam id, quod verisimile occur- 
reret, progredi possumus ; Cic. We 
have indulged or given liberty to our- 
selves beyond or more than, what we 
ought to have done ; ultra nobis quam 
oportebat indulsiraus ; Quint. And 
so supra is used: as, Beyond what is 
credible to every one ; supra quam cui- 
que credibile est ; Sail. Do not aim 
(it what is beyond your reach; nil 
pete supra j ne sutor ultra crepidam ; 

III. Beyond, coming with gone or 
went, ^'c, sometimes signifies to over- 
reach, circumvent, defraud, i^c; and 
is rendered Ly a verb of that significa- 
tion : as, 

They go Beyond all others in valor; 



virtute omnibus praestant ; Caes. cm* 
nes superant ; Cic. How much sO' 
ever they fly hey ond or short ; quara- 
vis ultra citrave pervolent ; Plin. 
You cannot go beyond me; mihi pal- 
pum obtrudere non .potes ; Cic. Ob- 
trudere autem palpum est arte fucoque 
dccipere ; unde et paJpari pro, adulari, 
et palpones adulatores vocamus. Me- 
taphora tracta ab equisonibus, qui fe- 
rocientibus equis plausu manus adblan- 
diuntur. Palpum enim dicitur ; fair 
speaking, flattery, ^c. a pal pare. 

To BID, or command; jubere, man- 
dare, praecipcre.ijnperare. Mandatum, 
in mandatis dare ; imperio, aucioritate 
sua, suo jussu poscere ut aliquid fiat, 
agatur ; committere, imponere alicui 
quod agat, edicere, discernere, sciscere. 

To Bid or invite guests ; invitare, 

To Bid the enemy battle ; lacessere, 
provocare ad pugnam, denunciare hel- 

To Bid defiance; provocare. 

To Bid a price or money for a thing; 
licitarj ; liceri mercem pretio ; pretiura 
facere mercis. 

What do you Bid for it ? quanti 
licitaris? To him that Bids most ; lici- 
tanti plurimo. 

At your Bidding ; tuo jussu. With' 
out bidding ; injussu. To do as he 
is bid 5 morem gerere monenti 5 dicto 
audientem esse. 

To Bid one adieu or farewell; vale- 

To Bid one good morrow; salutare^ 
salvere jubeo. 

Doas he Bins ijou; quod imperabit, 
facito ; 1 er. Do as I bid you ; fac 
itautjussi; curaquaejussi j Ter. Plaut, 
Are you afraid to do it at my bidding ? 
or, when I bid youl num dubitas id 
me iraperante facere ? Cic. If you 
would have done «s I bade you; si 
meum iraperium exequi voluisses ; Ter. 
You had best do as I bid you ; tu fac 
ut dixi, si sapis ; Ter. Do as you are 
bidden ; quod prasceptura est fac exe- 
quare. / will do as you bid me ; faci- 
am ut jubes ; Ter. 

Bid her welcome when she comes; 
advenienti des salutem ; Plaut. You 
sent them to bid me good morroic ; eos 
tu mane ad salutandum miseras ; Cic. 

He Bids them welcome back; gratu- 
latur reduces ; Virg. There was hardly 
any body that bid him to his house ;. 



domum suara istum non fere quisquam 
vocabat; Cic. 

To Bid one to supper; invitare ; 
vocare ad coenam ; Cic. Plaut. Rogare 
•ut ad coenam veniat; Ter. 

He has Bidden defiance to the peo- 
pie of Rome ; bellum populo Romano 
indixit; Cic. 

If any body will Bid more; si ex- 
istat qui plus liceatur ; Ulp. 

Bid the nurse come here; curre, ob- 
stetricem accerse ; Ter. 

/ never did Bid that any such thing 
shotdd be done ; non lue indicente hasc 
fiunt ; Ter. 

He ought to do all things just as he 
is Bidden ; omnia agere ad praescrip- 
tum debet ; Cic. 

Bid the boy enquire; puero nego- 
tium da, ut quaerat ; Cic. 

To Bid, or command by authority ; 
suo imperio imponere quid faciendum ; 
sua auctoritate injungere. To bid one 
welcome; venienti salutem dicere; ad- 
ventum alicujus gratulari. 

BIG, or great ; grandis. 

Somewhat Big ; grandiusculus. 

Big in bulk ; crassus, turgidus. 

Big with pride; turaidus. 

Big through authority ; potens, am- 
plus. Big with child ; gravis, gravida, 

Bigg En ; grandior, major. 

To make Bigger ; extendere, am- 

To grow Big j turgere, incrassari, 

To grow Bigger and Bigger ; tur- 
gescere, adolescere. 

To look Big ; caperare frontem j 
torvum tueri. 

A Big voice ; vox magna, stentorea. 

As Big again and better; aitero 
tatito major ; Cic. 

One is not so Big as the otiier ; 
aliud alio majus ; Cic. 

/ am not scared with your Big 
tcm'dsy looks; tuam non rairormorosi- 

A mind too Big for his estate ; ani. 
mus quam pro fortuna major; Liv. A 
letter as big <t« a book ; epistola instar 
voluminis ; Cic. 

Big men; immani corporum magni- 
tudine homines ; Caes. The city was 
7iot thought big enough; urbs parum 
niagn?. visa est ; Cic. Big books ; li- 
bri dephantini. He talks big j ampul- 
lis loquitur et sesquipedalia verba ; Pers. 


To BIND ; ligare, vincire, nectere, 
connectere, copulare. 

To Bind hard or tie fast ; arete as- 

To Bind to a stake ; deligare ad pa- 

To Bind up in bundles ; colligare 
in fasciculos. 

To Bind one hand and foot, 'or neck 
and heels ; quadrupedem constringere. 

With his hajids Bound behind him ; 
manibus ad terga revinctis. 

To Bind owe withan oath; juvcjuran- 
do obstringere, in juramentuin adigere. 
To bind one by covenant ; obligare pac. 
to. To bind a servant by giving him 
ecarnest ; obaerare. To bind a bargain 
with earnest ; arrha data confirmare. 

To Bind a book ; librum compin- 

To Bind himself by promise ; sfipu- 

To Bind himself for appearance to 
answer a charge in law ; satisdare, va- 
dari, vadimonium prsestare. 

Bo WD, or beholden; devinctus. 

To Bind with benefits; beneficiis 
devincire ; obstringere ; Cic. To Bind 
himself to make good his vow ; signare 
votura. To bind himself to pay what 
shall be adjudged ; satisdare,'judicatura 

To Bind himself to stand to the 
judgment of the court; satisdare, rem 
ratam habere. 

To Bind up a wound; vulnus obli- 
gare ; Cic. 

To Bind, or fasten to something; 
alligare, adstringere. 

jTo Bind together; colligare, eon- 
nectere, conjugare, jugare, appingere. 

To Bind one's legs; prspedire; 

To Bin D about ; circumligare, cir- 

To Bind upon ; superligare, super- 
all igare. 

To Bind hack; restringere, revin- 
cire, rel igare. 

/ am Bound to him by the strongest 
obligations ; hie de me optime raeritus 

A BIRD ; avis, volucris, ales, aliger, * 
volatile, pcnniger. 

A Bird in the hand is worth two in 
the bush ; YiTdesentem mulgeas ; quid 
fugientem insequeris ? spem pretio non 
erao ; Ter. Quicquid possira, raalo 
ferre in praesentia j Ter. 


BiRi>s of a feathei' flock together ; 
Pyov. Semper graculus assidet graculo ; 
cicada cicadae chara, formicre formica. 
Simile gaudet siraili. Pares cum pari- 
bus facile congregautur. 

One beats the bush, another catches 
f^ Bird ; alii sementum faciunt, alii 

Ecei-y Bird must liatch his own 
egg ; tote hoc intristi, omne tibi exe- 
dendum est ; Ter. Faber compedes, 
quas fecit ipse gestet ; Auson. 

To kill itco Birds with one stone ; 
Prov. unica fidelia duas dealbare pa- 

It is an ill Bird that defies its onm 
nest ; propria vineta credit. 

To bring mjj a Bird to pick out your 
own eyes ; serpentem alis ; serpentem 
foves; Prov. 

BIRTH ; nativitas, ortus. 
Birth, or bringing forth ; partus, 

Birth or parentage and extraction ; 
natal es, parentela. 

Of good Birth ; nobilis. 
Of mean Birth j ignobilis. 
An untimely Birth ; abortus, abor- 
tio, abortium. 

By Birth ; natu. 
To cause untimely Bikth ; abortio- 
nem inferre, abortum facere. 

To bring forth an untimely Birth ; 
abortiri, abortire, abortare. 

One^s BiRTH-day; nataiis, ra. dies 
natalitius ; natale, n. 

To keep one's BiRTH-dat/ ; diem na- 
talem quotannis agere, celebrare j na- 
talitia dare. 

A man of low Birth; homo infimo 
loco natus ; homo infiraa natalium hu« 
militate ; terras filius. 

To give Birth to any thing; prin- 
cipiura, initiura, exordium alicui rei 

BiRTH-right; priraogenitura, jus 

That which is in us from our Birth ; 
originalis, adj. ; ingenitus. 

He that deprives one of his Birth- 
right ; hseredicapa, -ae, m. ex ha;res, 
-edis, et capio. Nativity or birth, ^c. ; 
generatio, origo ; in vitam ingressus ; 
priraae Incis intuitus; in lucem banc 

Citizens by Birth ; cives nati. 
You tei'ote a letter to me on your 
BiRTH-day; natali tuo scripsisti epis- 
tolam ad me } Cic. 



Princes very noble by Birth j mag- 
no natu principes ; Liv. 

To have two at a Birth ; dare partu 
geminam prolem ; partus eniti gemel- 
los ; prolem eniti geraellam j Virg, 

To BITE; mordere. Morsu, den- 
tibus occupare, invadere, divellere, la- 
niare, dolorem exprimere. Dente car- 
pere. Denies infigere in aliquid. Mor- 
sus inferre. Mordicus tenere, auferre 
aliquid. — Fcrus immani laceravitviscera 
morsu. — Morsis in corpora rostris dila- 
cerat. — Confert in corpore dentes. — 
Fero consuraere viscera morsu. — Mise- 
ros morsu depascitur artus. 

To Bite off; deraordere, abradere, 

To Bite to the quick; adraordere. 

To Bite a^ frost does the grasSf 
or as pepper does the tongue, £fc.; 

BLACK ; niger, ater, puUus, opacus. 

Somewhai Black ; nigellus, subnU 

Blackish ; fuscus. 

Bnght or croto Black ; coracinus* 

'Bi.ACK as pitch; picens. 

To Blacken ; denigrare. 

Black and blue ; lividus. 

To be Black and blue ; livere. 

To beat one Black and blue; sugil- 

Very Black ; quovis carbone atrior* 
Piceus, obscura fcrrugo. — Color est 
contrarius albo. Quae nigrior est ca- 
dente moro. — Moro coma nigrior ca- 
duca. Atra pice, unda Stygia ni- 

Black will take no other hue; la- 
narum nigree, seu nigrai Isnae nullum 
colorem bibunt; Prov. Sensus, Vicious 
persons are seldom or never reclaimedy 

Black is your day ; vae tibi ; im- 
pendet tibi malum. 

To BLAME ; culpare, criminari, 
reprehendere, accusare, vituperare. 

Blameable, or h\ame-worthy ,*-Te- 
prehensione dignus, culpabilis, vitupe- 

But do not qfterwards lay the 
Blame on me ; verum ne post confe- 
ras culpam in me ; Ter. Some praise 
him, others blame him; laudatur ab 
his, culpatur ab illis ; Ilor. He will 
lay the blame on you ; culpam in te 
transferet ; Ter. Who are so much 
the more to blame ; qnibus eo minus 



ignoscendum est ; Cic. They blamed 
the multitude for it ; laid the blame 
<o/it on the multitude; ejus rei culpam 
in mviltitudinein conjecenint ; Caes. He 
blamed me for Ixi'each of friendship ; 
mnicitiam a me violatam esse crimina- 
tu8 est ; Cic. 

Without Blame ; extra noxiam ; 
Ter. They are both to blame ; ambo 
accusandi ; Ter. Take heed you be not 
blamed ; nequid accusandus sis vide ; 
Ter. He is to blame j in vitio est ; 
Cic. He is as much to blame, as if — ; 
tarn est in vitio, quam si — ; Cic. I do 
not blame you ; non reprehendo ; Cic. 
They blame his doing of that ; illi id 
vituperant factum j Ter. 

I shall be Blamed/oj' it; the blame 
tvili light on me ; at enira isthaic in me 
c*detut jfiaba ; Ter. Others might per- 
haps have been blamed, if—; cajteris 
forsitan vitio datum esset, si — ; Cic. 
See I pray, what they blame him for ; 
quam rem vitio dent, quseso, animad- 
vertite ; Ter. 

/ confess myself to Blame /or these 
tiungs ; haec mea culpa fateor fieri ; 
Tex. / am not to be blamed for this ; 
a me haec culpa procul est ; Ter. 
_ Blame Atticus for it; Attico as- 
bigna ; Cic. / cannot blame you for 
it ; non possum id in te reprehendere 3 

To free from Blame j absolvere, ex- 

Blameless, or faultless ; inculpa- 
tus, irreprehensibilis. Extra culpam, 
nonaffinisculpae ; experscriminis,purus, 
insons ; culpa vacuus. In me conferen- 
■da causa non est ; culpa vaco ; culpam 
ego non sustineo j expers culpas sum ; 
affinis culpa non sum ; purus a culpa 
sum> culpam ignoro ; longissime absum 
a culpa, ut qui maxime culpam mihi non 
fium conscius; extsa culpfem 6Um, in 
culpa non sum. 

To lay the Blame on one; fabara in 
aliqucm cudere. 

Others shall bear the Blame rather 
thMi you; aliis magis vitio dabitur, 
quam tibi. Id majori illis fraudi, quam 
tibi erit; hoc illis plus inferet infamias, 
quam tibi ; plus illi subibunt infamia?, 
quam tu ; hoc illis vitio magis tribue- 
tur, quam tibi. Majori hoc iis erit 
fraudi, quam tibi ; vitio dabitur iis po- 
tius quam tibi j culpse plus in eos quam 
in te conferetur ; plus ipsi ferent infa- 
Juiae, dedecoris, iguonjinife, culpse j 


gravior ad eos, quam ad te rcdibit in* 

To Blame, dispraise or dish(tnor 
one ; contumeliam jacere in aliquem .; 
contumeliam intorquere, imponere ; 
blaspheme calarao aliquem notare, in- 
cusare, perfundere ignominia ; scom- 
raatibus, contumeliis operire, lacerare, 
concidere ; turpi crimine Isedere ; ig- 
nominia afficere, deformare ; in con- 
tumeliam agere ; probra ad satietatem 
ingerere ; contumelia insequi ; deho- 
nestare, inhonorare ; improbare, repre. 
hendere, incusare, arguere, carpere, re- 
darguere ; reprobare, objurgare, vitio 
dare ; sugillare, criminari, traducere ; 
inslmulare, notare ; damnare, culpare, 
accusare ; diffaraare, obloqui, condem- 
nare j derogare, detrahere, erogare et 
infligere ignorainiam; ignominia no- 

To be greatly Blamed, or to hate 
an ill name; infamia flagrare, h. e. 
summa infamia laborare ; vituperari, 
diflfamari, laborare fama, improbari, 
male audire. 

To get or receive Blame, or shame; 
accipere contumeliam, sordes, i. e. ig- 
nominiam ; Cic. Ut, has a Q. Ticino 
sordes accipimus. Concipere maculam, 
turpitudinem, infaraiam, dedecus ; sub- 
ire contumeliam, infaritiam, notam 
turpitudinis ; perfutidi aceto ; Hor. 
pro, convitiis aflici. 

He will Blamb me much; accinet 
mihi baud suave encomium. 

i BtAME you not for it ; ne* te 
nunc carjjo. This hlame falls not only 
on me ; hoc convitii non in me solum 

For you are all in the Blame ; in 
culpa namque omnGs estis. You 
blame thent too much ; vellicaseos odi- 
osius. You are always to blame in 
this one particular ; eadem oberras 
plerunque chorda. You must bear the 
blame /07* this; isthaec in te cudetur 
faba. You are much to blame /or your 
tattling; nae, tu suavis es nugator! 
None that had any brains would hqxe 
done so, or have deserved to be so 
blamed, except yourself; nee quisquara 
a te alius, qui aliquid non solum sapi- 
entiae habeat, sed sanitatis, tale quid 
fecisset. lam nothing to blame; me 
mea non remordet conscientia. He 
blamed them too much ; he UKis too 
sharp in his reproof; dictum in illos 


To Blame a little ; subaccusare. 

To Blame often; culpitare, incre- 

To lay the Blame upon; iraputare. 

To Blame in words ; prcmere. 

Blame incurred; offensa. Biame- 
ableness ; noxietas. 

Worthy of Bi^ANZ', culpandus, cuU 
pabiiis, vituperabilis, rcprehensione 

Let me bear the Blame of that ; me 
suasore atque inipulsore id factum di- 

He Blames anotJter for his own 
fault; invidiam facti in alium trans- 

Don't lay the Blame on me; ne 
conferas culpara in me j Ter. 

To Blame again one that rebukes 
us; retaxare. 

To Blame any one for his incon- 
stancy ; inconstantiam alicujus redar- 
guere ; Cic. , 

A BLEMISH J macula, labes, vi- 

There was no Blemish in his beau- 
tiful body ; nullus in egregio corpore 
naevus erat. 

A ;^LEMisH to one's credit ; infa- 
mia, ignominia, dedecus. 

To Blemish ; niaculare. 

To Blemish one's reputation ; raa- 
culam nomini inurere, infamia iiotare. 

He Blemished his reputation; fa- 
mae notam inussit. 

Blemish, spot or blot, variously 
7ised; Si ad corpus r^eratur, naevus, 
labes, labeeula, macula, vitium, nota ; 
si metaphorice ad mores accommodetur 
sermo, dedecus, infamia, ignominia ; 
sicut quoque dicimuSj iabem perfidiae, 
Qotam infamise, perjurii : tubera etiam 
pro vitiis majoribus posuit Uoratius, 
verrucas minora appeUans. 

To BLESS ; benedicere alicui ; beare 
aliquem ; omoe bonum alicui precari. 

Fortune Blesses or favors our 
first undertaking ; adspirat primo for- 
tuna labori. 

To Bless, or 6f«<0MJ blessings oj*^p- 
piness on a man; felicitatem in aliquem 
conferre, beatum reddere, felicitatem 
alicui afferre, irapertire j prosperos suc- 
cessus alicui tribuere; bonis aliquem 
cumulare ; bona in aliquem eflfundere. 
To declare or acknowlege Blessed ; 
beatum prsedicare, iaudare. 

Blessed, or happy ; miseriis vacuus, 
omnis expers turbse malorum 3 in pot- 



ta ; beatus, felix ; omnia bene viveudi 
praesidia in se et extra se habens. or happiness ; beatitn- 
do, felicitas, prosperitas, pax, tranquil* 
litas ; secundissima vitaj conditio ; 
prosper, secundus fortunes flatus ; om- 
nium bonorura perfruitio. 

3Iay God Bless your undertaking ; 
tuis coeptis adsit Deus. 

Blessed unth an excellent ie\fe ; 
felix uxore bonis moribus praedita* 

BLIND ; caecus, oculis captus, lu- 
minibus orbus. 

Blind of one eye ; monoculus, lus- 
cus, cocles. 

To Blind one, or put out his eyes ; 
occaecare, excscare ; oculis orbare, 

To Blind, or hoodwink one ; velare 

To be Blind ; caecutire. 

Blinded ; excaecatus. 

A Blind man; caecus, Inmine, ocu- 
lis, luminibus, sensu luminis, visu,-as- 
pectu captus, cassus, orbus, orbatus, 
destitutus, privatus, expers, carens. Vi- 
su oculorum privatus. Qui circumfusa 
sempiterna nocte in tenebris ruit. Qui 
in summa obscuritate, caligine ; in al- 
tissiniis, densissimis tenebris ; in umbia 
perpetua versatur, vivit ; caligine per- 
petua circumfusHs. Qui aspectum, lu- 
men oculorum, bencficium et amoenita- 
tem lucis oranino, prorsus amisit; ocu- 
lorum jacturam fecit. Talpa cjecior, 
Cui sunt oculi eruti, occfficati et cali- 
gine oppleti ; sublata lumina caBcitate ; 
adempta est lucis usura. Exoculatus. 
Caligant oculi, et parum absunt a cae- 
citate. Lumine caicus, cassus. Uis- 
pea caecior. — Sterna daranatus lumen 
nocte. Orbus visu, spoliatum lumine 
corpus J cui lumen ademptum est. 

Am I Blind, or did I not seel 
utrum oculi mibi eaecutiunt, an ego 
vidi? Varr. 

He was born Blind ; caecus genitus 
est ; Pate re. 

Blind men cannot judge of colors ; 
quid caeco cum speculo ? 

A Blinp man may by chance hit the 
mark; saepe etiam est olitor valde 
opportuna locutus. 

BLiNDr&orn; caecigenus, cscigena, 

IJaJf'Bi.ivD, or almost blind; se- 

The man is Blind ; lippitur, ia* 



To make one Blind ; exca?care, oc- 
caecare, exoculare. Oculos, visum, as- 
pectum, lumina, lumen oculorura, usu- 
ram lucis adimere, auferre, eripere ali- 
cui. Visu, oculis, &c. private. Ocu- 
los efFodere, eruere, excalpere. Sem- 
piteraam alicui noctera, caligineni, te- 
nebras perpetuas,. densissinias oculis 
ofFundere ; ca*citatem inferre, inducere. 
Ungiiibus in oculos involare. 

Blinded, walking in darkness ; in 
altissimis versatus tenebris ; densa qua- 
dain ac tetra impietatis caligine occae- 
catus ; in densissimis ignorantise tene- 
bris sepultus ; qui in profundum venit 

A Blinded mind ; mens c?eca, lucis 
indiga ; exhausta divino lumine ; Cim- 
meriis inimersa tenebris ; in errorum 
densitate vaga ; oppleta tenebris. 

Pleasure or voluptuousness Blind- 
folds the eyes of the mind; vo- 
luptas mentis pers^ringit oculos ; quasi 
per caliginem perstringit aciem animi. 

The sight of the mind is Blinded 
or darkened by eirors ; animi acies cai- 
Catur erroribus. 

J^s Blind ets a beetle; Tiresia cae- 
cior; Prov. a notissima fabula surap- 
tum. Juvenal. Nee surduni nee Tire- 
siam quenquam esse Deorum. Tiresiam, 
proverbiali figura, pro caeco dixit ; ut 
et Horat. pro paupere, Irnm ; Intere- 
rit niultura divesne loquatur an Irus. 
And so is wserf, talpa caecior; de iis, 
qui supra modum caecutiunt, aut, qui 
minime recte judicant. Et sic apud 
Hor. Hj'psea caecior, satis apparet 
paroemiam ab Hypsea muliere quapiam 
infami, notaeque caecitatis esse profec- 

To be Blinded, as in the blackest 
darkness ; in Cimmeriis constitui tene- 
bris ; Prov. Multam obscuritalem, 
aut animi caliginem, Cimraerias appel- 
lant tenebras; natuni adagium a Cim- 
meritu regionis prodigiosa obscuritate. 

A Blind speculation; casca specu- 
latio. Suidas proverbialera esse dictio- 
nem admonet, quoties aut connivent, 
quibus datum est negotium, aut ipsi ni- 
hil vident, quibus observandi partes 
sunt delegatae. 

TAe Blind leading the blind; caecus 
caeco dux ; Hor. Prov. 

Use neither a Blind guide nor a 
mad counsellor ; neque caecum ducem, 
neque amentem consultorem ; subau- 
diendum, adhibeas j h. e. disce sed a 


doctis ; consilium pete, sed a cmisuU 

To grope in the dark, as Blind men 
do ; palpari in tenebris ; manu tentare 
in tenebris. 

To Blind one's eyes; pulverem 
oculis offundere ; Hieron. Sic dicitur' 
qui de industria rem obscurat, et adver- 
sario judicium eripit. A blind man's 
directioji ; caeci praescriptio ; cjeci jus- 
sio, sive exhortatio dicitur absurda, 
quoties ipse, qui prajscribit, non intelii- 
git quid dicat. Plane conveuit homi- 
ni insigniter caliganti. 

Avarice Blinds our eyes ; nos cae- 
cos reddit avaritia. The hope of plun- 
der blinds their minds ; spes rapiendi 
atque praedandi occaecat animos co- 
rn m. 

To attack one on his Blind side; 
imbecillltatemalicujus aucupari ; alicui 
incauto insidias struere. 

He is Blind of one eye; altero ocu- 
lo capitur. 

A BLOT ; litura, macula, f. erratum, 

To Blot ; maculare. 

To Blot out, or d^ace; delere, ex- 
pungere, obliterare, delinere, defor- 

The letter is all Blotted ; litera 
suffusas habet maculosa lituras ; Ovid. 

/ Blotted it with crying ; lachrj- 
mae fecere lituras ; Ovid. I even blotted 
the letters all out tvith crying; li- 
teras ego lachrymis prope delevi ; Cic. 
Time hath blotted it out; terapus, 
aetas delevit ; Hor. 

You must wipe out that Blot ; de- 
lenda est vobis ilia macula ; Cic. 

To Blot a ma-^s reputation with com- 
mending him ; viro laudatione labecu- 
1am aspergere ; Cic. 

To Blot out the remembrance of 
disagreements with forgetfidness ; me- 
moriam discordiarum obiivione delere ; 

Blotted out; deletus, obliteratus.' 

Qtti^e to obliterate or Blot out ; raa- 
culam, labem, mendam diLuere, eluere, 
obliterare, detergere, abstergere, fundi- 
tus delere. E tabulis eraderc. Macu- 
1am, quae penitus insedit, atque invete- 
ravit, delere, emendare, litura defor- 
mare. — Nostros emendare jocos una li- 
tura potest. 

To Blot or spot ; maculare. Ma- 
cula, labe, lituris, aspergere, consperge- 
re, contaminate, inficere, foedare, inqui- 


nare, deforinaj^e. Vitiura, turpltudi- 
neni, foediiatein, maculani, labeiu offun- 

BLOOD J sanguis, cruor. Black, 
corrupt blood ; sanies, tabuin. 
Letting of Bhooji ; venisectio. 
BhooDj for kindred; prosapia. 
Blood, for murder ; taedes, homi- 

A BLooD-Aound; canis investiga- 
rius ; canis inductor. 

To open a veiJi, to let B ix)od ; venam 
aiicui ferire, aperire, iucidere, solvere ; 
sanguiuem nimiura, corruptum, vitio- 
suiu, feculentuin, adiistum detraheie, 
elicere. Sanguine impuro, f xuberante, 
inflamraato corpus levare, exonerare. 

It stops B1.00D ; sanguiuem fluentem 
•istit; Plin. 

He was let Blood without any pain ; 
' missus est sanguis sine dolore ; Cic. 

One'of the Blood royal ; vir generis 
regii ; regiae stirpis, regia stirpe ortus ; 

If you stir up my Blood ; si milii 
stomachum moveritis ; Cic» ^ 

The young man's Blood begins to 
rise ; cotnmoveri videtur adolescens ; 
Cic. . 

3Iy or his Blood is up ; uiihi ani- 
mus ardet ; cor cumulatur iraj Cic. 
Sanguen illi fervet ; Petron. 

To embrue with Blood, or to make 
bloody ; cruentare, sanguinare. 

To convert or turn into Blood ; in 
succum et sanguiuem vertere. 

To train up in Blood or bloody 
courses ; cjedibus innutrire. 

Bloody, or full of blood ; sangui- 
neus, sanguinolentus, sanguinans. 

The earth or ground is wet with 
Blood j sanguine terra tabet, raadet. 

The thorns of thickets spread a- 
broad are bedewed tvitb Blood j sparsi 
rorantur sanguine vepres. 

The ground was warm or moist with 
the Blood shed; caede tepebat humus ; 
arva caede madescunt. The whole place 
swam with blood ; aspersus sanguine 
locus natat omnis. 

The earth was made team by the 
Blood ; atro tcpefecta cruore terra j 
funditur ater ubique cruor. 

Tfie ditches overflow with Blood ; 
inundant sanguine fossae.' 

The hair of the head was clotted to- 
gether with Blood 5 squalent sanguine 
crines concreti. 



He Bled so much; tantufn sangui- 
nis effudit. 

To ease the body by letting of 
Blood ; venara incidendara curare ; 
venas sanguine exonerare ; venam cul- 
tello solvere ; corpus sanguinis exube- 
rantia levare, sanguinis detractione eva- 

To wash his hands cruelly and mon- 
strously with Blood ; raanus suas san- 
guine tetre et impure cruentare. 

To BLOW; flare, afflare, coiiflare, 
spirare, aspirarc. The wind blows ; , 
spirant aura?, zephyri flant. 

To puff and Blow ; auhelare. To 
hXovi the fire; ignem exsufflare, exsus* 

To Blow away ; diflaare. To blow 
upon ; afflare. To blow an instrument ; 

To Blow or spring out as a flower ; 
efflorescere, germinare, 

A Blow, or stroke ; ictus, plaga. 
A Blow, or cuff on the ear ; alapa, 
colaphus. To give one a blow or buf- 
fet ; alapam, colaphura, inipingere. 

To Blow the nose; emungere na- 

To Blow up or full; suflBare. 
To Blow vehemently , or thoroughly ; 

To Blow, or breathe together ; con- 
flare, conspirare. To blow or wind an 
Itorn ; cornicinare, cornu instare. 
A Blow with a staff; fustuarium. 
He Blows the fire with his mouth ; 
bucca foculam excitat ; Juv. Take the 
bellows and blow the fire ; admotis fol- 
libus flatu ignem accende ; Curt. 

No wind could Blow but — ; neque 
uUus flare ventus poterat, quin — ; 

He missed his Blow ; vires in ven- 
tuui etFudit ; Virg. 

To get a Blow, i. e. receive; acci- 
pere ictum ; Lucret. Since we have 
got such a blow in Asia ; cum ea pla- 
ga ift Asia accepta sit •, Cic. 

To Blow a trumpet ; buccinam in- 
flare ; Var. To come together when 
tJie trumpet blows ; ad inflatara bucci- 
nam convenire ; Var. 

To avoid ont's Blow ; declinare ic- 
tum ; Liv. Maciob. To give one a side 
blow ; ictu obliquo et inflexo ferire ; 
Plin. To receive one's blow on his' 
helm; ictum galea excipere ; Ov. 
To Blow his fingersy porrid.^e ; in 




nianus ori admotas; pultem fervidam nopere de suis rebus, insolenter, impu- 

inflare. With the same breath to blow denter, iutokranter, immodice, iniino- 

hot and cold ; ex eodeniore calidum et desteque impudenti ore de suis praecla- 

frigidumefflare. One might have Uovin ris facinoribus gloriari. Magniloquos 

them ditwn with a blast ; quos si suf- flatus edere. Frequent! sennone, non 

Hasses, cecidissent ; Petron. sine audientiuiu fastidio facta sua jac- 

jTo BLUSH ; rubere, erubere, rubore tare, falsa gloria exornare se. Arro- 

sufFundi. gantius, tragiee, grandia, maxima quaj- 

To make one Blush; ruborem in- que de se loqul. Lahore alieno partam 

cutere, rubefacere, pudefacere, ruborem, gloriam verbis in se transinovet Thraso ; 

pudorera alicui movere, imponere. suiinsoienspraedicator; suarura laudura 

^Blushing; pudor, rubor, m. ru- praeco, tubicen. Stultitiae hinnitus jac- 

tantia est. Deforme est de seipso praa- 
crubuit, dicare falsa, praesertim et cum irrisione 
audientium imitari militem gloriosum. 
Grandiloquus. Te nimium laudas. Et 
genus, et proavos, et regia nomina jac- 

BoASTiNGLY J jactautcr, gloriose, 

Boasting, or apt fo6»'og-; jactabun- 
dorera incutere; Hor. He put his dus, gloriabundus. 
sisters to the blush j rubefecerat ora so- A Boaster ; jaclalor, Thraso, glori- 
roruraj Sil. osus. 

At the first Blush ; prima fronte j lam able to Boast as much as ; {or, 

aspectu primo ; Quin. Liv. to make the same bo3iSt that ;) possum 

To get a Blush of a thing; per idem gloriari, quod — ; Gic. Henuxde 

transennam aspicere ; Cic. his boast that he descended from Achil- 

To Blush again; ejectum semel les ; Achille auctore gloriatus est ; Pa- 

bentia, fe, f. 

All is well, he Blushed 
salva res est j Ter. 

/ Blushed deeply ; totis erubui ge- 
nis ; Ovid. He bluslied as red as fire; 
incanduit ore ruber ; Claud. Scholars 
may well blush at it ; res digna in qua 
docti eiubescant ; Cic. 

To put one to the Blush ; alicui pu- 

attrita de fronte ruborem recipere. 

To Blush out of modesty ; capit eum 
verecundia ; Liv. Pudor ora subit ; 
erubuere genae totoque recanduit ore ; 
conscienlia rei alicujus ad verecundiam 
comraoveri ; contrahere ruborem ; infi- 
citur teneras ore rubente genas ; inge- 
nue erubescere, modeste verecundari ; 
ingenua raodestia affici, pudore facino- 
ris commoveri. 

To lay aside shame or Blushikg ; 
pudorem ponere, violare. 

To Boast of his riches andleaming; 
divitiasejus atque eruditionem jactare. 
To make a boast of his pains, memory ; 
labores, memoriam cstejitare ; Claud. 
Cic. To boast of his wit or valor or 
kindred; ingenium, virtutcra, genus, 

Do not Boast of any thing ; absit 

The BoASTixVG man follows the false 
shadows of his own honor ; jactator 

To BOAST, or vaunt; ostentare, Thrasonicus falsas honoris sui umbras 

gloriari, jactare. consectatur. 

Boasting or bragging words; verba They Boast and brag ; plenis buccis 

sesquipedalia ; ampullae. et buccinis crepant. He boasts of his 

7*0 Boast, or //rag" ^* gloriosc, immo- bags; crepat divitias. He boasts and 

dice, magnifice, nimium, plenis buccia, brags still as high as ever ; nee quic- 

arroganter, arrogantissime venditare, quam jam loquitur modestius, 
ostentare, laudare, efferre se, suas lau- He thought he had done something 

des crepare, praedicare ; sua narrare fa- to be Boasted of ; rem palmariam, ac 

cinora; suas gestas, praeclaras res, suas triumpho dignam sibi visus est fecisse. 
vires ostentare. Majora narrare quam To make a Boasting of a mere tri- 

praesliterit. De rebus suis gloriosius fie; arcem ex cloaca facere. 
praedicare. Jactantia, jactatione, os- To Boast of many good morrows ; 

tentatione nimia rerum gestarum uti. fumos vendere. What an vnheard-of 

Verbis magnificis in coclum suas res ges- insolence is it to boast and brag ofvil- 

tas efferre, tollere. Crebram, frequen- lany itse(fl O superbiam inauditam in 

tern recordationem, comraemorationein facinore et scelere gloriari ! 
iuanim rerum gestarum usurpare. Mae- He Boasts and brags, as if he were 


so great a scholar that learning must 
stand and fall with him ; gloriatus est 
insuper secuin natas esse literas, secuai 

If he talk nothing ordinary^ but 
Boasts and brags, of state affairs, of 
castles^ battles, wars, and all high and 
terrible things; si nihil loquatur ple- 
beiura, sed arces, pugnas, bella, ac 
Thrasonica crepat omnia. 

He hus but bad neighbors, for he 
is fain to Boast of and praise him- 
self; suarum laiiduin pr«co insolens, 
pleno ore et magno cum (riumpho cla- 
mitat, et gloriatur. 

He Boasts of his own exploits; 
sua narrat facinora. He makes a blus- 
tering noise and stir by his boasting ; 
coelum terramque jactantia sua niiscet. 

A BODY; corpus, n. A little 
body ; corpusculum. 

The BoDv of an army ; acies. 

A Bony without the head ; tmncus. 

A dead Body ; cadaver. 

Bigness of Body ; corpulentia, f. 

To embrace by, or take Iwld of the 
BoDV ; amplecti. 

No Body ; nemo, nullus. 

Some Body ; aliquis, quidam. 

But if there be any Body, that — ; 
sin quisqnam sit, qui — ; Cic. 

Perhaps you have heard it of some 
Body that — ; audisti ex aliquo for- 
tasse, qui — ; Ter. 

And yet that some Body teas not 
Ligarius ; atque is tamen aliquis Li- 
garius non fuit ; Cic. 

/ fear no Body's finding it ; non 
raetuo ne quisquam inveniat; Plant. 

See you let no Body come into the 
house ; cave quenquani in aedes intro- 
miseris ; Plant. 

That no Body do hurt to any body j 
ne cui quis noceat ; Cic. 

You are in no more danger, than any 
other Body ; niliilo majore in discri- 
mine es, qnara quivis ; Cic. 

No Body understands me ; non in- 
telligor ulli ; Ovid. Nor was he seen 
by any body ; nee cernitur ulli ; Virg. 

iYoBoDY observed that fault ; id vi- 
tinm nulli notatum erat ; Ovid. No 
body t J: inks so but I ; hoc nerainipraj- 
ler me videtur ; Cic. 

Every Body cries shame on it ; cla- 
mant oranes indignissime factum ; Ter. 
He thinks that no body can do so well 
as himself; nihil nisi quod ipse facit, 
rectum putat ; Ter, 



The Body he sold for gold ; auro 
corpus vendebat ; Virg. 

/ was wellin Body, but sick in mind ; 
a morbo valui, ab animo aeger fui j 

Open the door qm4:kly, some Body ; 
aperite aliquis actutum ostium ; Ter. 

It is in every Body's mouth ; in ore 
est omni populo ; Ter. Every body 
knows ; nemo ignorat ; Cic. Let any 
body be judge ; cedo queravis arbi- 
truni ; Ter. 

No Body else looks after us ; alius 
nemo respicit nos ; Ter. Hardly any 
body ; non fere quisquam ; Cic. 

Though no Body praise it yet — ; 
etiamsi a nullo laudetur — ; Cic. 

It makes every Body in love with it ; 
mivabiles sui amores excitat; Cic. / 
had to do then with no body else ; quo- 
cuui tum uno rem habebam ; Ter. 

He had every Body's leave to give 
over ; ei desinere per omnes homi- 
nes licuit ; Cic. No body could tell ; 
in incerto fuit; Tac. There is no 
body, but — ; non est quisquam, quin 
— ;*Cic. 

No Body, not any one body ; nemo 
quisquam ; nemo homo ; nemo unus 
vir ; non quivis unus ; Ter. Cic. Liv, 
No body ever thought any of these 
things would come to pass ; horum ni- 
hil ita fore putatum est ; Cic. 

He came to the enemtfs camp with 
his army in three Bodies rank and file ; 
acie triplici instructa ad hostium castra 
pervenit; Caes. 

Of or belonging to the B»dy, or that 
hath a body ; corporeus, corporalis, 

There is no Body here but we ; hie 
soli sumus. 

BOLD; andax, fidens,strenaus, ira- 
pavidus, intrepidus. Bold or saucy; 
insolens, audaculus. 

To be Bold ; audere. To make 
bold ; animare, animos addere. 

A 3oj.D fellow; homo audax, auda- 
culus, contidens ; stolide ferox ; longe 
audacissimus ; surama, effraeni, projecta 
audacia. <3ui plus anirai quam consi- 
lii habet. Audacia elatus. Qui nimia, 
procaci libertate loquendi se venditat ; 
non dubitanter, titubanter, timide, ve- 
recunde, modeste : sed praesenti animo, 
libere, liberius, liberrime, sine metu et 
verecundia, audacia et impudentia fxe- 
tus dicit, facitque omnia. 
Boldness ; audacia. 



Boldness in speaking ; libertas, lo- 
quendi libertas. 

Boldness in asking or begging; 
procacitas, f. 

Being Bold upon ; fretus, with an abl. 

Grott'Ji Bold ; obfirniatiis. 

A Bold feat; facinus audacissimum. 

We may be Bold to imitate the 
Stoics ; audeamus imitari Stoitos ; 
Cic. He was so bold as to say ; est 
enim ausus dicere ; Cic. How dare I 
be so bold as to do it 1 qua fiducia id 
facere audeam ? 

Upon your promise we have made 
Bold to speak; tuis proniissis freti 
linguara resolvinius ; Plin. Nobody 
ever thought that any man would have 
been so bold ; nemo quenquam tarn au- 
dacera fore, arbitrabatur ; Cic. 

A'or, though I know it, dare I be so 
Bold as to say it; nee si sciara dicere 
ausini ; Liv. Who more bold than I ; 
quis me audacior et confidentior? Plaut. 
/ dare be bold to say ; audacter affir- 

/ made Bold to ask him ; duravi 
intcrrogare illura ; Pet. 

A prudent, wary captain ^r leader 
is better than a rash and Bold cotn- 
mander ; melior est dux circunispectus, 
quam projecte audaculus. 

He is a Bold fellow, and ready for 
any mischief, to hazard though he should 
be hanged for it ; fidens animi atque in 
utrumque paratiis, Seu versare doles seu 
carta occumbere morte ; Virg. He 
was a monstrously bold fellow ; erat 
incredibili armatus audacia. 

Although desperate Boldness does 
not become prudent men, yet we ought to 
be prepared and resolved in our minds ; 
quainvis homines prudentes projccla 
jninime deceat audacia; at vero pa- 
rati et arniati animis esse debemus ; 
Cic. Yet in that affair he seems to 
me to have had more boldness of cou- 
rage than prudence qf counsel ; tamen 
in hac re plus mihi animi, quam consi- 
lii, videtur habuisse ; Cic. 

We must be Bold and confident to 
set a good face on it ; audendum est ; 
formandus el firmandts est animus. 

Be Bold, fear no shame, never 
blush for the matter ; have your ivits 
about you, take a good heart, and see 
you be not daunted ; aude, frica faci- 
eni ; ne quid pudeat ; perfricanda est 
frons : fac apud te sies ; resume -ani. 
inuQi , fac prseseoti sis animo. 


We must set upon him sorne Bold 
fellow that will not easily be baffled ; 
protrudendus est aliquis legatus, non 
admodum verecundaj frontis, quern nop 
protelet illico. 

He is a Bold fcUoWy and can speak 
well; perfrictae frontis est, bene lin- 
guax, ac musca impudentior. 

You are a Bold beggar ; satis au- 
dacter petis. 

Boldness* is not safe against those 
who are bolder; be not too bold with 
your betters ; in*audaces non est auda- 
cia tuta. 

I am a little Bolder than to be 
qfraid of every hug-bear ; non is sum 
qui fulgura ex vilio reformideui. 

He would have spoken if he had had 
Boldness enough for it ; conipellatu- 
rus erat si audacia? fuisset satis. They 
were so bold when so many were by ; 
mirum eerie est istos tanlum audere 
facinus, tot testibus consciis. Un- 
dauntedly and boldl}' ; magno animo 
atque erecto. 

You must be Bold and not fear 
them, if you mean they should not 
hurt you; urticam si cunctanter attin- 
gas, adurit; si fortiter, hebesclt. 

He is a Bold fellow, but rash; ha- 
bet os; plus autem animi quam con- 
silii habet. , 

It is a Bold part of him ; facinus 
audax incipit. Who so bold as blind 
Bayard? inscitia confidentiam pa- 

A BOND, obligatory; obligatlo ; 
instrument um obligatorium. 

A Bond /or appearance ; vadimoni- 
um,.sponsio sistendi. 

A Bond for payment or perform- 
ance ; satisdatio. 

To give Bond ; satisdare. 

To enter into BoND/or the perform- 
ance of a bargain; se nexu obligare. 
To sue one upon a bond ; ex s\ngra- 
plia, seu instruraento obligatorio cum 
aliquo agere. 

Bonds ; vincula, compedes. To 
put one in bonds; compedibus coer- 
cere aliquem ; Suet. Injicere vincula 
alicui ; Cic. 

To put in Bonds to answen; deji- 
cere libellos. 

Tied in Bonds ; vinculis astricli ; 

To enter into 'Bow for appearance ; 
promittere vadimonium. 

BovDACTLj or slavery ; servitus,.utis, 


f. servitiura, n. captivilas, f. That 
is in bondage ; servus, adj. Mancipa- 
tus, part, from mancipare, i. e. manu- 
capere, to bring into bondage. 

Of or belonging to Bondage ; ser- 
vilis, adj. 

A Hoy v-man or hond-slave ; servus, 
rnancipium, mancupiuni, q. d. raanu- 

A Boyo-man born, and brought up 
in the house ; verna, c. g. 

A BoND-man made free ; Hbertus, 
A bond-woman made free ; liberta. 

To bring into Bondage or capti- 
vity ; aliquem in scrvitutem, in servi- 
lem conditionem dare, redigere, rapere, 
conjicere, corripere, adducere, abdu- 
cere, abstrabere, mittere : jugo servi- 
tutis premere, opprimere : suo dominio 
subigere, stibjicere : servituti addicere : 
libertate privare, spoliare : in suum do- 
minium redigere, sub jugum mittere : 
imposuistis in cervicibus noslris sempi- 
ternum dominium, jugum. Alicui ser- 
vitutem, dominium, jugum servitutis 
imponere : libertatem cripere, adimere, 
prascidere. Servitio premere. — Humiii 
sub pede colla premit, tenet. 

To be in Bondage or captivity; 
servire, servitutem, servitutis jugum, 
<lomini potentiam, imperiura, doraina- 
tum alterius : dorainum ferre, susti- 
nere, pati : domino potenti, imperio- 
so ; domini potestati, tyrannidi, impe- 
rio subjici, parere. In servitute, man- 
cipii, servitii loco, conditione servili 
esse. Libertatem amittcre. In servi- 
tutem, captivitatera venire, adduci, re- 
digi, &c. Dare cervices crudelitati 
alienae. Servus est qui captus bello 
vitam libertate redemit, non sui juris 
jam, sed arbitrii et nutus alieni. Grave 
servitium, servitii jugum ferre, pati. 
Tristi servitio subjectus. Barbara vin- 
cla pati. De lapide empti. — Eversa 
corpora capta domo. Qui lora re- 
strictis lacertis sensit iners, tlmuitque 
mortem. — Ibericis perustus fuuibus la- 
tus, et crura dura compede. 

To become one's BoNo-man; eman- 
cipare se alicui ; Plaut. 

To make a BosD-man free, or to 
free one from bondage ; emancipare, 

A multitude or company of Bond- 
men ; servi,-orum ; servitia,-orum. 

A BONE ; os, ossis, n. ossum, n. 

A little Bone ; ossiculum. 

The back-BonE ; spina, f. 



The JrtMJ-BoNE, or cheek-houc ; 
mandibula, maxilla. 

The hip-BosE ; coxa, coxendix. 

The shin-BovE ; tibia. 

To pull out or break the Bones ; 

That which is bred in the Bone, 
will never out of the flesh ; Prov. (sem- 
per fere in malara partem accipitur ;) 
lupus pila mutat, non mentera; natu- 
rara expellas furca, taraen usque recur- 
ret ; Hor. 

/ have given him a Bone to pick ; 
injeci scrupulum homini ; Ter. 

He made no Bones of it, to run 
away from the fire; non dubitavit ce- 
dere flammis ; Ovid. 

He is nothing but skin and Bones ; 
ossa atque pellis totus est ; Plaut. 

Hunger makes hard Bones sweet 
meat ; Prov. ; fames efficit, ut crudae 
etiam fabee saccarum sapiant. 

/ tremble every Bone of me ; tota 
mente atque omnibus artubus contre- 

They may as soon take a Bo^t. from 
a dog ; lupo agnum eripere postulant. 

A BOOK ; liber, codex. 

A little Book ; libellus, codicillus. 

A Book of accounts; codex rationa- 
rius, ratio accepti et expensi. 

A Book of remembrance; commen- 

A day -Book, or journal; diarium, 

Books of civil law; pandectae. 

Books of public record ; libri ele- 
phantini. - 

A note Book ; adversaria (pi. n.) 

A Book witltout the author's name 
to i*; liber adespotus. 

A Book published under a false 
name; liber supposititius, subdititius. 

A Book published after the author's 
death ; opus posthumum. 

To mind his Book ; incumbere stu- 
dils, vacare musis. 

One that loves his Book ; studlis 

A great reader of Books ; librorum 

To say a thing without Book ; re- 
citare memoriter. 

A Bookish fellow ; merus scholas- 

Belonging to Books ; librarius. 

A BooK-binder ; bibliopegus. 

A-BooK-seUer • bibliopola. 

A BooK-worm ; blatta. 



To make an end of a Book ; librum 
ad umbilicuni ducere. 

It is in the latter end of that Book ; 
est in extremo illo libro ; Cic. 

The Book wiltplease me ; me liber 
delectabit ; Cic. He will not let me 
have my buck ; prohibet mihi librum. 
To get without book ; memoriae man- 
dare ; Cic. We must show it in these 
books ; his libris explicandum est ; 

Books of account; tabulas accepti 
et expensi. 

Statute Books, or books of record ; 
abiilae publicae. 

To read over a Book ; evblvere li- 
brum. To write a book; volumen 
conscribere ; Cic. To put forth a 
book ; scriptum dare foras ; Cic. 

To Book a thing down ; aliquid in 
codicem ; commentariura j libellum 
referre ; Cic. 

It is not so in your Book ; aliter est 
apud te ; Cic. He never looks off his 
book ; caput de tabula non toUit j 

Vour Books are in great estimation ; 
libri tui in honore habentur. Libri tui 
omnibus vigent, egregia tuis de libris 
opinio est, existimatio est; prieclare 
de tuis libris omnes existimant, senti- 
unt, judicant, tui libri magno apud 
omnes in honore sunt, omnium judicio 
probantur, laudibus ac testinionils or- 
nantur, in manibus sunt, in raanibus 
habentur, manibus teruntur, sinu fo- 
ventur, circuragestantur, circumferun- 
tur, assidue tractantur, diligenter evoU 
vuntur, accurate, studiose lectitantur. 

To be given to his Book, to mind 
his learning; totura^ se in scientia et 
ccgnitione coUocare ; in studia incum- 
bere ; animum studiis adjungere ; dis- 
ccndi cupidum esse ; contemplationi 
vacare ; se literis abdere, et involvere ; 
quotidie conimentari, 

A BORDER; ordo, margo, extre- 

A Border of a country ; limes, finis, 

A Border of a garment; limbui, 
fimbria, iustita. 

The Borders, or marches; confinia, 

To 'Border upon; adjacere, con- 
terminum esse. 

Bordering near together ; conter- 
noinus, finitimus, conttguus. 

Places Bordering ; loca finitima, 

BO , 

contigua. Regiones conterminse, con- 
fines, adjacentes?: Fines alterius rcgi- 
onis contingere. Fines habere com- 
munes conjunctos. Convenire finlbus. 
Oceanum attingunt. Proxirai Caribus 
sunt Lycii. — Domus domui couternrina 
nostr?e. Contiguas habuere donios. 

Falsehoods Bouder on truth ; -falsa 
veris finitima sunt ; Cic. 

They cannot agree about their Bor- 
ders ; ambigunt de finibus ; Ter. 
'Those who Border on the sea ; qui 
oceanum attingunt. Those who border 
on the Rhine ; qui proximi Rheno 
flu mini sunt. A house which bt-rders 
on the country ; domus quse prospicit 

To quarter the soldiers on the Bor- 
der of the country ; milites per froii- 
tem regionis distribuere. 

Soldiers garrisoned on the Bor- 
ders ; limitanei milites ; qui in colli- 
mitio sunt constituti ; in prsesidio ad- 
versus inimicos excubantes in limiti- 

To be BORN ; nasci, procrcari, ori- 
ri, gigni, exoriri. Matris utero, ex 
utero, in auras, sub auras co&!i prodire. 
In viara ; in Incem banc edi, ingrcdi, 
prodire, suscipi, venire, advenire, pro- 
cedere, introire, emitti. Ad sidera et 
coclum et vitas lumen accedere. Qui 
simulac pedem limine extulerat, &c. 
In vitam, in lucem emergere. iEthera 
videre. — Prodire in luniinis auras. In- 
fans maturus — communes exit in au« 

To be Born again; renasci. To 
be born before due time ; aboriri. 

BoRji ; satus sanguine alicujus, pro- 
seminatus. Natus, prognatus, satus, 
cretus, creatus, ortus, editus, with an 
abl. Born or descended of a stock or 
lineage; oriundus. 

Firsf-BoRN ; primo-genitus. 

Born before its time ; abortivus. 

JBa«e-BoRN ; spurius, nothus, adul- 

Born after the death of his father ; 
posthumus, m. 

Twins Born at one birth ; gemin^ 

Born three at once; trigemmi. 

A native Born; indigena. - 

Born in the country ; rurigena. 

Born of the earth ; terrigena. 

He was Born a slave; verna natus 
est ; Plant. He was born /or nothing 
but this — ; ad hoc unum est natus; 


Cic. They are born under this condi- 
tion ; hac lege general! sunt ; Cic. 

Born of mean, base, -obscure parent- 
age; ubscuris orti parenlibus ; Cic. 

The year ht^fore Ennius was Born ; 
anno ante natum Enniura ; Cic. 

Alas that ever I was Born ! heu, 
me iniseruni ! Ter. 

fVfll Born ; honesto loco natus. 

When you were Born ; cum te de 
matris utero natura produxit ; Boeth. 

As soon as ever lie ivas Born j si- 
iiiul alque editus in lucem foret. 

Bonn together ; cognatus, congeni- 

iSf/W-BoRN ; natus mortuus. 

As soon as I was Born, or ever 
since I was a child ; from my infancy 
nr youth; ab initio setatis, a prlmo 
ajtatis exordio ; (quamprimum natus 
sum) a prima ajfate, ab ineunte rstate, 
a priniis temporibus, a puero, jam inde 
a puero, jam inde usque -a puero, a 
prima puerilia, a primis annis, a tene- 
ris, ut GriEci dicunt, unguiculis, a die 
natali, ab ortu primo, a quo die natus 
sura, ex quo ingressus in vitam sum, ex 
quo lucis usura frui ccepi, ex quo vitaa 
limen attigi, animam ducere, spiritum 
liaiirire de ccelo, coepi. 

To be Born or brought forth ; in- 
troire ad vitam, vel, in vitam ; edi in 
luceni, emergere, prodire in vitam; 
fieri, nasci, utero matris prodire; ve- 
nire ad sidera, aethera, surgere ad lu- 
mina vita; venire sub auras coeli ; ac- 
cipere vitam ; emitti in auras. Item, 
aves, accipitres et animalia dicuntur 
quoque foetum emittere ; ut, foetus ex- 
pellit se in auras. 

. / wish I had never been Born ; 
atque utinam susceptus uon essem ; 

' You understand how you were Born, 
and how you were adorned by nature ; 
intelligis quemadmodum in vitam ve- 
neris, et quomodo a natura omatus ; in 
puero refert qua aiFectione coeli spiri- 
tum duxerit ; Cic. de Nat. 

Ye tcho are Born of the gods ; vos 
. qui deorum sjitu orti estis ; Cic» 

The people that were Born of or 
that came from Japhet ; gentes et fa- 
miliae quae a Japeto profluxerunt. 

Priamus had fifty sonSj of which 
twenty were Born of his lawful wife; 
quinquaginta filios Priamus habuit, e 
quibus justa uxore nati &unt viginti. 



BORNE, as a burden, Sfc. ; latus, 
gestus, portatus. 

We have seen 3IassHia Borne in 
triumph ; portari in iriuropho Massili- 
ani vidimus ; Cic. 

He has Borne gently with me hi- 
therto ; me leni passus est animo us- 
que adhuc ; Ter. 

It may be Borne with; ferendum 
aliquo modo est. 

To BORROW ; mutuari. Mutuo, 
commodatum sumere, accipere. Ali- 
unde petere mutuo quod opus est, 
quo:! sibi deest. Pecuniam mutuam 
sumere. ^re alieuo se implicare. 
Utendum aliquid accipere, usum ni 
ad tempus rogare, impetrare, habere. 
Nomina, aes alienum facere. Vestem, 
librum commodatum sumere. 

To Borrow upon usury ; foenerari. 

To Borrow of one to pay another ; 
versuram facere ; Corn. Nep. Versura 
dissolvere ; Cic. 

He Borrowed forces of them for 
that war; ab iis ad id bellum auxilia 
mutuatus erat ; Caes. 

BOTH ; ambo, uterquc. 

On Both sides ; utrinque, utrinse- 
cus, utrobique. 

To be on Both sides ; duabus seilis 

A Jack of Both sides; ambidexter, 

Both ways; ambifariam, adv. utro- 

I. Both, spoken of two, is rendered 
by arabo, or uterque : as, They both 
coiint their cattle twice a day ; bisque 
die numerant ambo pecus ; Virg. Both 
the orators were undone by their wit ; 
Eloquio sed uterque perit orator ; Ju- 
ven. Both of them Arcadians and 
young men in the flower of tlieir age ; 
ambo florentes astatibus, Arcades amr 
bo ; Virg. Eel. The father and mo- 
ther were both at home; uterque mater 
et pater, domi erant ; Ter. Conscience 
is of great efficacy on both sides; mag- 
na est vis conscientiae in utramque par- 
tem ; Cic. Many things are said on 
both sides ; in utraque parte raulta di 
cuntur ; Id. 

1. Note: *Some make this differ- 
ence between ambo and uterque ; as if 
ambo were to be used when two were 
or did the satne thing together^ uter- 
que when asunder. Rut ot Iters refute 
that ; yet this difference there is ; that 



ambo Jms cifter it only a verb plural, 
but uterque either singular or plural : 

When Both the armies were in 
sight of one another; quum uterque 
utrique esset exercitus in conspectu ; 
Caes. They were both wonderfully 
deceived; uterque deluduntur dolis 
mirurn in raodum ; Plaut. 

Also uterque is used partitlvely with 
« genitive after it: as. Both of them 
were overcome ; horum uterque cecidit 
victus; Cic. But ambo is hardly ever 
so tised. 

2. Note : Some contend tliat omnis 
is rightly said of two; and Gellius 
seems so to use it, 1. 16. c. 9. Susque 
deque fero, aut, susque deque habeo, 
liis enira omnibus niodis dicitur — &c. 
And so Demipho in Ter. Phor. 2. 
speaking of Antipho and Ph(Edria : 
For Both do agree, if you know one 
you know themho\h, siys, omnes con- 
gruunt, unura cognoris, omnes noris. 

II. iSoTH, answered by and, is ren- 
dered by cum, lum, et, vel, qua, &c. : 

J displease Both myself and others ; 
ipse cum mihi, turn cseteris displiceo ; 
Cic. Both in time of peace and war ; 
turn in pace, tum in bello ; Cic. Much 
tossed to and fro, both by sea and land ; 
multum ille et terris jactatus, et alto; 
Virg. To attend much both on honor 
and on danger; multum vel honori, 
vel periculo inservire ; Cic. Famous 
both for his father's glory and his 
own ; insignis qua paterna gloria, qua 
sua ; Liv. Both by sea and land ; qua 
mari, qua terra. They use tvords both 
more frequently and more boldly ; 
transferunt verba cum crebrius, tum 
etiam audacius ; Cic. Orat. We both 
desire and trust we are beloved by you ; 
nos a te amari tum voluraus, turn etiam 
confidimus ; Cic. He both thinks 
and commands the same thing; hoc 
idem et sentit et praecipit. 

And so simul is used : as. 

Both covetous and prodigal ; sordi- 
dus simul et sumtuosus. 

As a/s« juxta and pariter : 03, 

They killed Both afmed and un- 
armed, both women and men; truci- 
dant inermes juxta, atque armatos ; 
focminas pariter atque viros ; Lav. A 
man all his days much beloved both by 
the senators and by the common peo- 


pie; vir omni vita pariter patrlbus ac 
plebi charus ; Liv. 

And so also in the poets, que and 
atque : as, 

I admired Both the Trojan cap- 
tains, and Priamus himself; mirabar- 
que duces Teucros, mirabar et ipsum 
Laomedontiaden ; \''irg. Who follows 
after both the mcdes and females alike; 
qui consectatur seque raaresque et foe- 
minas ; Plaut. The mother calls both 
the gods and the stars cruel ; atque deos, 
atque astra vocat crudelia mater ; Virg? 

Note: If Both be rendered by cum, 
then and is rendered by tum : as, We 
are tvretchedly unprovided both for 
soldiers and for money; sumus flagi- 
tiose imparati cum a railitibus, tum a 
pecunia ; Cic. 

Some other phrases. 

Many being killed on Both sides ; 
multis utrinque interfectis ; Cees. / 
had great enemies on both sides; utro- 
bique magnos inimicos habebam ; Cic. 
Armies were sent to both places ; utro- 
que exercitus missi ; Liv. They may 
be said both tvays ; utroqueversum 
dicanlur ; Gel). Do that which shall be 
for the good of both ; in commune con- 
sulas ; Ter. And. 

The BOTTO M, or ground and found- 
ation, of any thing ; fundus, fundura, 
imum, solum. 

The Bottom or settling, or dregs 
of liquor ; faex, sediraentura. 

To settle or go to the Bottom ; 

Seftledin the Bottom; subsiduus : 

The Bottom of the sea ; maris pro- 

The Bottom of a ship; carina. 

A Bottom or valley ; convallis. 

The BoTTOna. or lowest ; imus, adj. as. 

From the Bottom of the heart ; ab 
imo pectore. At the bottom ; in imo. 
To the very bottom ; funditus. In 
the bottom of hell; in imo Tartaro. 
Sharpened at the bottom ; paulura ab 
imo (i. e. ab inferiore parte) praeacu- 
tus ; Caes. 

Bottomless ; fundo carens ; ex- 
pers fundi. 

Without Bottom ; iramensus, adj. 

From, to the very Bottom; fun- 

BOUGHT ; emptus, &c. (See To 
But.) Tote bought j emi. 


Bought a^ain ; emptus, redemptus. 

Which is to be Bought ; merca- 

/ Bought this for you ; hoc raerca- 
tus Slim tibi. He would have me let 
him Jiave it as I bought it ; tantidem 
emptum postulat sibi tradi; Ter. / 
bought/or just so much ; nee pluris 
nee luinoris eini. 

Bought wit is the best; duro fla- 
gello mens docetur rectius. 

To BOUND or limit, or to set 
bounds ; limitare, tenninare, finire, de- 
fmire, terininos pan^^ere, intra li mites 
coercere. Terminos, limites, cancelios 
pra'scribere, praestituere,. circumdare. 
Terrainis, limitibus definire, sepire. Fl- 
nibus quibusdam, certis spatiis, regio- 
nibus terrainare, continere, circumscri- 
bere, inclurieie. Intra cancelios coer- 
cere. . In gyium ducere. Constiluere 
sibi certos fines et tenainos. Lunitare, 
Jimitari, deterrainare, fines terminare. 
— Lhnilibus discreverat omnia certis. 
Signare et partiri liraite campura. Hie 
terminus haeret. 

To Bound or border on ; contermi- 
nari, collimitari. 

A Bound or bounds , meta, finis, 

The Bounds or limits ; confiaia. 

A BouNDARY-sfowe, to part one 
man's ground from another ; lapis ter- 
niinalis. >■ 

The meeting of Bounds ; collimi- 

Bounding or hordenng near toge- 
ther ; conterminus, conMnis, adjacens. 

Boundless, that hath no bounds or 
limits ; interminatus, infinitus, iramen- 

Of or belonging to Bounds ; termi- 

As I wandered beyond my Bounds 3 
dum ultra temiinuni vagor ; Ter. 

To keep unthin their own Bounds ; 
intra suos limites coercere, 

To be Bound ; leneri, obligari, ob- 
stringi, vinciri, devinciri. 

To be Bound with sureties for pay- 
ment or performance; satisdare, va- 

Bound or tied ; ligatus, vinctus, 

Bound or beholden to one; devinc- 
tus. He is bound ; vinctus est ; Ter. 

Bound with an oath ; jurejurando 
aslrictus ; Cic. 

Bound to performance of (i. e. to 



make good ; to fulfil) his tow ; dam- 
natus voti, voto. 

Whither are youBov^D ? quo tendis, 
iturus, iter paras ? Q.uo nunc est tibi 
iter ? 

BOUNTY; liberaKtas, benignitas,' 
beneficentia, munificentia. 

Bountiful, liberal; beneficus, be- 
nignus, valde liberalis, proraptissiraus 
ad largiendum, ab araritia remotissi- 
mus, benigne faciens omnibus, in dan- 
do non restrictus ; bonitatis thesauros 
explicans. See Libera!. 

To BOVf or bend; (act.) flectere, 
incurvare. To bow ; (neut.) incHnare. 

To make a Bow j inclinare corpus. 

To Bow the knee; flectere poplitera. 

To Bow the head ; annuere, nutare. 

To Bow down and worship; ado- 
rare, advenerari. 

To Bow or hang doionward ; pro- 

To. Bow the knees ; genua summit- 
tere ; Plin. 

/ Bow my knees ; flecto genua mea. 

They are Bowed down, and yield to 
weight; incurvantur, ceduntque pon- 
der! ; Plin. 

He Bowed hhnself towards the 
ground; incurvavit se in terram. 

He Bowed his head and gave up 
the ghost; inclinato capite tradidit 

A Bow ; areas. 

A Bow -stnng ; chorda, amentum, 

j4 cross-Bow ; arcnbalista. ' 

A steel-Bow ; chalibea balista. 

To bend a Bow ; arcum tendere. 

A Bow -man, or archer ; Sagittarius. 

A Bowyer; arcuarius. 

Like a Bow ; arcuatira. 

A rain- Bow; Iris, arcus coelestis, 
arcus pluvius. 

It flies like an arrow out of a Bow ; 
noto citius ^lucrique sagitta fugh; 

He kept his mind bent like a Bow ; 
intentum animura tanquam arcura ba- 
bebat ; Cic. 

A Bow too much bent, breakcth ; 
arcus nimis intensus rumpitur : arcns 
tensus rumpitur ; arcus, quemadmo- 
dum aiunt, quum intenditur, rumpi so- 
let: contra, animus, qnum remittitur ; 

A BOX on the ear; colaphus, alapa. 

To Box the ears ; colaphizare, pug- 
num impingere. Colaphum alicui in- 



cutere ; infligere ; impingere ; Ter. 
Juv. Plin. He gives himself a box on 
the ear ; in sinura suuni conspuit. 

A BOY ; puer, in. 

A little Boy or lad ; puellus, pu- 

A school-BoY ; ludi-discipulus. 

Boyish ; puerilis, adj. 

Boyishness ; pueriiitas. 

The Boys love one another ; pueri 
inter se amant ; Cic. To leave boy's 
play; nuces relinquere. He is past a 
boy ; virileni togam sumpsit ; ex pue- 
ris, ex ephebis excessit ; Cic. Ter. 

It is Boy -like ; the trick of a boy ; 
done like a boy ; puerile est ; Cic. To 
play the boy ; pueriliter facere ; Cic. 
IVhen I was a boy ; me puero ; Cic. 
Boys will have toys ; parvulus facit ut 

^ Boy under fourteen years of age ; 
impuber, m. irapubes. 

-4 Boy about fourteen years of age; 

A pleasant Boy ; puer festivus, le- 
pidus ; nihil est eo puero festivius, ni- 
hil lepidius ; lepores habet, qui araorera 
concilient j lepore, festivitate, raorum 
elegantia conferendus cum illo puero 
nemo est, quibusvis aliis praeferendus. 

A Boy of an excellent disposition ; 
summa ingenii indole, suramaque vir- 
tute puer praeditus. A boy horn to 
great honor; puer ad araplissimam 
dignitatem natus. 

Boys' age wants experience ; aetas 
puerorura est improvida. 

To BKAG or boast ; gloriari,jacfare. 

A Brag, or vain boasting; gloria- 
tio, jactatio. 

A BnAGOADOcio ; Thraso, gIorio< 
«U8, jactabundus, jactatoi". 

You use <o Brag of your doing it; 
te id fecisse etiani gloriari soles ; Cic. 

To Brag of any thing ; in aliquo 
gleriari j Cic. He brags of his ex- 
ploits ; de virtutibus suis prsedicat ; 
Cic. How would you brag? quo te 
modo jactares ? Cic. 

To Brag of his kindred^ wit, beau- 
ty, SfC. ; genus, ingenium, virtutem, 
&c. Jactare, ostentare ; Ov. Quint. 
To brag of oneself ; intolerantius se 
jactare ; insolenter se eflFerre ; Cic. 
He makes a great bragging ; se mag- 
nifice* jactat atque ostentat ; Cic. 

The BRAIN ; cerebrum. 

The BnAin-pan ; cranium, testa, 
caJvaria, f. 


The hinder part of the Brain ; ce- 
rebellum. ^ 

To Brain, or dash out one's brains ^ 
cerebrum extundere, elidere, excere- 

A light or shuttle-Bnxiv^D fellow ; 
instabilis, futilis. 

Hare or /lair-BaA in ed ; cerebrosus. 

Your Brains are addled ; non tibi 
sanum est sinciput. 

The eaul or films of the Brain j pia 

BnAita-sick ; cerebrosus, temerarius, 

BRAVE or excellent ; elegans, con- 
cinnus, nitidus, splendidus, splendide 
vestitus, moUibus amictus vestibus. 

Brave or gallant ; lautus, raagnifi- 
cus. Brave, stout ; magnanimus. 

A Brave soldier ; miles egregius. 
A brave young soldier ; acer belli JH- 
venis ; Paterc. 

A Brave navy to see; prxclara 
classis in speciem ; Cic. 

How Brave a man he is; quam 
claro animo est ; Cic. A brave man ; 
speech ; degans homo ; oratio ; Oell. 
Since he braves me to it ; quando eo 
provocat ; Ter. It is a brave thing to 
be poijited at with the finger — ; pul- 
chrum est digito monstrari ; Pers. 

As Brave a man as lives ; splen- 
dore nemini cedit j Cic. 

To Brave it; ostentare, speciem 
prae se ferre, magnifice incedere, spe- 
ciose ingredi, plumas extendere. 

To Brave one ; lacessere. 

A Brave answer ; praeclarum je- 
sponsum. Bravery ; decor, splendor, 
ornatus,-us, m. 

To carry a Brave or honorable 
mind ; ad summa contendere, summa 
petcre, prabclara sibi proponere ; ad 
sumraam gloriani vitae cursum dirigere ; 
ad laudem incensus et incitatus esse ; 
existimationis et dignitatis studioso* 
esse ; animi lutein ostendere ; omnia 
humana infra se ducere; divino motu 
res magnas concupiscere. 

To BRAWL or scold; rixari, liti- 
gare, altercari, jurgare, caviilari. Jar- 
gia, lites, rixas movere, creare, exercere. 
Jurgiis, verbis, diclis mutuis conten- 
dere, certare, pugnare, dimicare, digla- 
diari, veliiari. Ad rixara concitari. Ai- 
tercationem, rixam cum aliquo habere, 
facere. In jurgium descendere. Jur- 
gio excidere. Slrepitu pugnaque ver- 
borum concertare. Fugna contentio- 


ncque vocali perstrepere ; objurgare, 
increpare, incessere, distringere ; mul- 
tis verbis male aliquem accipere ; Cic. 
Severe excipere, aspcre movere ; insec- 
tari austeris, acribus, niordacibus, ex- 
asperantibus verbis ; verborura amaru- 
lentia; conficere aliquem verbis; Plaut. 
i. e. minaci voce terrcre ; Catonera 
agere censoriura ; Democritum quen- 
dam agere ; Divis ipsis obloqui. 

To BREAK ; frangere, confnngere, 

To Break smaU or in pieces ; con- 
tcrere, cumminuere, contundere, discu- 

To Break 07ie's head; diminuere 
caput, cerebrum. 

To Break his brains about a thing ; 
macerare se cogitationibus. 

To Break his heart ; animura moe- 
rore conficere. 

To Break one^s neck ; cervicem dif- 
fringere, guttur, colluui elidere. 

To Break his own neck with a 
fall ; praecipitem se dare. 

To Break into a house ; fores ef- 
fringere. J£.diC& e.xpugnare. In asdes 
alienas irruere, invadere. Fores insul- 
tare calcibus. Vasto impetu fores toto 
cardine demoliri, convellere. Graviter 
fores pulsare. Parietes perfodcre. Ali- 
eno vires suas ostentare ostio. Pulsan- 
do assulatim foribus exitium affero. 
Vecticularius. — Noctnma frangatur ja- 
nua rixa. Concussae patuere fores. 
IMoras frangere portarum. 

To Break company; dissociare ; a 
societate se abstrahere. 

To Break his course; institutum ab- 
rumpere, interraittere. 

To Brkak his custom; receptum 
morem negligere. 

To Break his faith ; fidem la^dere, 

To Break his fast ; jentare. 

To Break a horse ; domare, raau- 

To Break o jest ; jocari, risum joco 
movere ; jocum solvere. 

To Break o law; legem violare, 

To Break his mind to one ; aperire 
sensa ajiimi, consilium detegere. 

To BnEAK his oath; violare jusju- 

To Break his promise; promissis 
non stare, fidem fallere, solvere. 

To Break his rest or sleep; noctem 
insoranem agere. 



To Break asunder; dirump«re, 
defringere, distrahere. 

To Break in; irrumpere, irruere. 
. To Break out, or to break yorth ; 
erumpere, prorurapere. 

To Break out as water out of a 
spring; scatere, scaturire, prosilire. 

To Break out, as the sea does; ex- 
undare, exsestuarc. 

To Break out into pimples ; pustu- 
las, ulcera emittere. 

To Break out as a Jire or the plague 
does ; grassari. 

To Break off; abrumpere, rescin- 

To Break down; demoliri, diruere. 

To Break up land; occare, offrin- 
gere, proscindere. 

To Break up school, house, Sfc, ; 
scliolani, familiam diniittere. 

To Break up a letter or writ ; re- 

To Break with one, i. e. to fallout ; 
discordare, amicitiae nuncium remiltere. 

As though he would Break through 
a wall; ut si nmrura perrumperet; 

He bids them Break down the 
bridge; pontem jubet rescindi ; Cses. 

Scarcely was the company Broke 
up, but I found ; vixdum jam coetu di- 
misso comperi j Cic. 

To Break, i, e, be bankrupt ; de- 
coquere ; Cic. Foro cedere ; Juv. 

It Broke out like a storm; velut 
nimbus erupit ; Flor. The war broke 
out all on a sudden ; bellum subito ex- 
arsit ; Cic. 

I will Break your head; diminuam 
tibi cerebrum ; frangam caput ; Plaut; 
Ter. Petr. 

They Break the ranks; ordines 
perturbant ; Caes. 

At Br^ak of day ; cum lucesceret; 
Cic. Prima luce ; Ter. Curadiluculo; 
Plaut. Circa lucis ortum ; Curt. Sum- 
mo mane. Luce oriente j ubi primum 
diluculabit; Cell. 

He has somewhat to Break his 
sleep ; habet propter quod rumpere 
somnum debeat ; Juv. Totas noctes 
pervigilet; Plaut. Noctu vigiliasagat; 
de nocte vigilet ; Cic. 

/u?i/Z Break this custoin of yours ; 
adimam banc tibi consuetudinem ; Ter. 

He Breaks the league of hospitali- 
ty ; tesseram hospitii confringit. 

TAey Break their fast betimes in 
the morning; multomanejentantj tic 



To Break tijj a letter; epistolam 
resignare ; linuiu incidere ; Cic. 

/ will Break into the liome ; intro- 
rumpaiu in a^des ; Plauu ^des ex- 
pugnabo ; Ter. 

To Break into the tents; in castra 
irruinpere ; Ca-s. 

To Break off on a sudden; repente 
pracidere — ; Cic. 

To Break t}ie force of things; re- 
rum vim niiiiuere ; Caes. 
_ To Break off (leave) work; opus 
intermittere ; Cies. 

The cold serpent in the meadow is 
Broken by incaniution, or enchant- 
ment ; -frigidus in prato cantando rum- 
pitur anguis. 

He Br ea ks through the doors ; limi- 
na pcrrurapit, postesque a cardine vellit. 

To Break all the bounds and bands 
of shame or tnodesty ; frzena pudoris 

The weather Breaks up, i. e. clears; 
redit post nubila Phoebus. 

The frost Breaks ; resolvitur gelu. 

To Break with sorrow; moerore con- 

To Break with age ; senio confici, 

You may as soon Break your neck 
as your fast there; salinam servo ob- 
signant cum sale. 

Break of day ; Siluculum, n. prima 

To Bre/k, or to train up, to tame 
or to make tame ; perdoniare ; a feri- 
tate ad mansuctudinem perducere, ab 
agresti vita ad civilem revocare ; spiri- 
tus alicujus rctundere ; frangere, man- 
suefacere, subjugare. 

To Break the league or promise, to 
do contrary to the promise or agree- 
ment ; fcedera solvere, abrumpere, dis- 
solvere, pacta, conventa convellere, re- 
scindere, violate, irrita reddere, facere ; 
non stare convcntis, pactis, conventio- 
nibus ; pacem labefactare initara ; pac- 
ta eludere, conimento Thracio, i. e. 
callido vafroque rejicere conditiones 
semel acceptas ; abire ab emptione, a 
contractu priore ; discedere a fide data, 
a conditione ; conventiones non servare. 

To BREATHE ; spirare, respirare. 

To Breathe fast and thick; anhe- 

To Breathe out, or cast forth a 
breath, or/uwje; exhalare. 

To Breathe himself with running ; 
cxercere se cursu. 


To Breathr in or on ; iiispirare, 

. To Breathe out, or give up the 
ghost; expirare, exhalare, efflare ani- 

A Breathing ; respiratio. 

A Breathing with difficulty ; an- 

A Breathing out ; expiratio. 

Breath ; halitus, flatus, spiritus. 

The shortness of Breath ; anheli- 
tus ; spirandi difficultas. 

A moist Breath, or air ; vapor. A 
dry breath or fume ; exhalatio. 

A Breathing hole, out of which 
breath, wind, air, or smoke, passes ; 

A stinking Breath ; anima foetens. 

A Breathing sweat ; sudor remis- 
sus. To suck up one's Breath ; sor- 
bere spiritum. 

He is out of Breath j exanimatus 
est ; Ter.- 

Keep in your Breath ; animam 
coinprime ; Ter. 

Like a man out of Breath ; anhe- 
lanti similis ; Virg. 

They will not suffer you to take your 
Breath ; te respirare non sinunt ; Cic. 

We Breathed in one anotlier's 
faces; inque viCes fuerat captatus an- 
helitus oris ; Ovid. 

To tJie last Breath ; usque ad ex- 
tremura spiritum ; Cic. 

/ am run out of Breath ; cucurri 
usque dum fatiscit spiritus. 

Take your Breath ; aniraam recipe ; 

His Breath stinks ; he has a stink- 
ing breath j hujus ne spiritus purus est ; 

To take his Breath ; recipere an- 
helituni, vel facere ; spiritum ducere, 
reddere ; anhelitum per vices recipere ; 
animam trahere, remittere. Without 
taking breath ; continenti spiritu. 

To spend one's Breath in vain; 
verba inutilia profundere ; frustra loqui. 

To be BRED of; nasci, oriri. 

Bred ; natus, generatus, nutritus : as, 

Where were you Bred r ubi tu na- 
tus, educatus ? They are well bred ; 
bene nati sunt ; Sen. It is for man's 
sake that beasts are bred ; hominum 
gratia generantur, alunturbestiae ; Cic, 

He is a well-BRED man; homo est 
ingenuus et liberaliter educatus ; Cic. 

That which is Bred in the bone 
will not out of the flesh; naturam ex- 


pellas furca, tamen usque recurret. Quo 
seme! est imbuta recens, servabit odo- 
rera testa diu. 

To Breed ; foetare, fetificare, gene- 
rare, parere. 

To Breed teeth; dentire. 

To Breed, bring up or give breed- 
ing to ; alere, educare. 

To Breed one a mischief; creare 
periculum alicui. 

A good Breeding ; liberab's insti- 
tutio, ingenua educatio. 

Breeding, or great with young ; 
praegnans, utero habeus ; foeta, gravida. 

A Breed, kind, or race ; genus, 

A good Breeder ; foecunda geni- 

See that they be of a good Breed ; 
videnduin ut buni sint seminii ; Varr. 

What Breed are they of? quo 
sunt seminio ? Varr. 

They do not Breed above four times 
a year ; non pbis quater in anno pari- 
unt ; A^'arr. 

Vou 7)iay seek those you put to 
Breed there; quas ibi posueris ad 
partum, ipsas quaeras ; Varr. 

To BRIBE, or corrupt with gifts ; 
muneribus corrumpere, captare ; polli- 
citationibus, prajniiis, judicem tentare, 
illicere ; aniinum judicis captare, invi- 
tare, corrumpere, conciliare, occajcare, 
a vero abducere ; mentera caecare, flec- 
tere, pervertere, labefactare, delinire, 
ioducere, adducere, allicere; integrita- 
tern, fidem, sanctitatem judicis cor- 
rumpere, labefactare, expugnare, adul- 
terare, constuprare ; moliri corrup- 
telam judicii, emere sententiara : rem, 
causam suam agere : quidvis impe- 
trare, obtinere. Traducere ad mala 
consilia corruptum largitionibus ani- 
nium. Argenteis hastis pugnare, pro- 
pugnare causam. Spe praedae trans- 
versos egit. Judicium donis solicitare. 

To Bribe or solicit men to give 
their voices and consent ; prensare, 

To labor for an office by giving 
Bribes ; ambire. 

Bribed; corruptus, captus auro, 
sordidus, corruptus muneribus. 

A Bribe; raunus,' donum ; repe- 
tundarum {genit. plur.) donum ad cor- 
rumpendum judicem oblatum. 

To be corrupted with Bribes ; mu- 
nerum gratia legibus inferre vim, judi- 
cia pervertere. Addictam pretio ha- 


' 157 

here fidem. Qujestui habere rempub- 
licam. Crimine repetundarura, petu- 
niarum repetundaruin teneri. Merce- 
iiarius praetor, cui bos in lingua : qui 
argentanginani patitur. — Qui leges figit 
pretio atque refigit. Corruptus judex. 

He bids fair by a Bribe ; aureo 
piscatur hamo. Who would bribe so 
dear? stultum piscandi genus. iJ> 
accused him 0/ bribery j postulaviteuni 

He is guilty of extortion ani Bri- 
bery ; repetundarum est reus. 

You must grease him in the fist 
with a new fee, for a Bribe ; novani 
parabis escam, aureamne an argenteam 

Bribing iiy money is the most pre- 
valent pleading; dominatur legibus 

You may persuade him to any thing 
with a Bribe 0/ gold ; aureis cateiiu- 
lis captivum ducere potes. He cram- 
med him icith bribes ; raultis sulfarci- 
navit muneribus. 

The great and greedy dog 7nust 
have a Bribe ; offani Cerbero. 

Your Bribery makes you liated ; 
invidiosH est apud onines bonos tua 
largitio ; invidiam tibi parit, invidirtj 
tibi est ista largitio, laedit aniuios bo- 
norum ; tua largitione gravius afficiun- 
tur bonorum animi ; largitione alienas 
a te bonorum animos. 

The commonwealth is heavily op- 
pressed by justice being peixerted by 
Bribery ; afflicta respublicaest eiuptu 
constuprata judicio ; Cic. 

Which neither can be moved by fa- 
vor , nor perverted by power, nor cor- 
rupted by Bribing ; quod neque in- 
fiecti gratia, neque perstringi potentia, 
neque adulterari pecunia pussit. 

One that will be Bribed ur sell his 
faith and sotd for money ; venalis, 

A BRIDLE ; fraenum, retinaculuai. 

To Bridle; fraenare, iufraenare, 
equo frajnum injicere. 

He lets the horse have the Bridle ; 
laxas equo lemitiit habenas. / will 
bridle him to some purpose ; ilium frae- 
nis arctioribusreprimam. 

BllIEF, or short ; brevis, compen- 
diosus, succinctus, concisus. 

A Brief discourse ; angusta et con- 
cisa oratio. 

To be BniEV in speaking, or to speak 
briefly ; presse et anguste dicere, iu 



compendium redigere; leviter, brevi- 
ter, strictira,carptira, succincte, paacis, 
paucis verbis, quasi prseteriens attin- 
gere, perstringere, decurrere, percur- 
rere, absolvere, transire. Cursim ac 
leviter pertransire. Minime multis nio- 
rari; verbis non multis, parsirnonia, 
compendio rerborum ; Laconica brevi- 
loqucntia uti. Veibo expedire. Quid 
muita ? Ad pauca redi. Quid multis 
verbis opus est? quia uno verbo die. 
Ne sim prolixus : ne quae sunt infinita 
persequar : quo parcam aurium fastidio, 
et satietati occurram, quam potero in 
verba conferam paucissima. Ne taedio 
sit prolixitas, ne in re perspicua mul- 
tus, nimius, insolens, molestus sim, cas- 
tera quam paucissimis expediam. La- 
conice loquar, ut multura nil moror. 
Uno verbo complecti. Paucis dabo, 
docebo. Paucis accipe. Presse et 
anguste rem deiinire. Brevius et an- 
gustius concludere. Pauca ac modice 
dicere. Astricte facta oratio. — Pauca 
canam, frondes ut si quis ab Ida, Aut 
bummaralibyseper mare carpataquara. 
Ne longo serraone morer tua- tempo- 
ra. — Multi placent brevitate loqueiidi. 
Quicquid pracipies, esto brevis : ut 
cito dicta Percipiant aninai dociles, te- 
neantque fideles, — Brevis esse laboro, 
obscurus fio. ^ 

Brief, compendious, short or pithy ; 
pre$sus, compendiosus, compressus, 
angustus, concisus, strictus, contractus, 
in pauca coactus, coarctatus. 

^ Brief, or short kind of speaking ; 
pressura, compressum, breve, strictum, 
succinctum, compendiarium, compen- 
diosum, concisura, angnstum, Laconi- 
ciira, contractum,coarctatura, coactum, 
circumscriptum genus dicendi, non 
Asiaticum illud, verbosum, copiosum, 
fiuens, redundans j Laconica loquendi 
ratio. Non sunt longa, quibus nihil 
est quod demere possis. 

These things concerning art are dis- 
patched by you Briefly ; hajc abs te 
hieviter de arte decursa sunt, summa- 
timque describuntur et absolute com- 

To discourse Briefly, i. e. lightly 
or slightly about any thing; leviler 
transire ac tanturamodo perstringere 
unamquamque rem ; Cic. Logic is 
hut as it were eloquence or rhetoiic 
briefly contracted; dialectica quasi 
contracta et astricta eloquentia putanda 
est J Cic. 

(Formula quadam orationis co- 


aretanda :) 

To be Brief ; ut summatim expo- 
nam, &c. Ne diutius vos demorer ; 
Cic. Neque gravabor breviter quid 
quaquam de re seniiam dicere ; Cic. 
Nee si cuncta velim breviter decurrere 
possim ; Ovid. Nunc complectar id 
quod proposui brevi j item brevi expe- 
diam. In animo est leviter transire, et 
tanturamodo perstringere unamquam^ 
que rem j Cic. Quid ultra provehor ? 
Sed quid plura de, &c. Ut multa 
paucis concludam. Paucis multa ab- 
solvara : Sal. Ut in pauca multa eon- 
teram. Ut rem paucis complectar, 
perstringam. Ad summam.agam de 
singulis. In summa, eo tota hsc nos- 
tra sententia redit, ut, &c. Longa est 
injuria, longse ambages, sed summa se- 
quar fastigia rerum ; Virg. Ne te 
multis mover, paucis rem accipe. Sed 
ne multis vos ipse fatigem exeraplis, 
&c. Sed id satis superque. Paulo 
longius oratio mea provecta est. Ami- 
citia nostra minime patitur ut te pluri- 
bus rogem. Ac ne plura, quae sunt 
pene innumerabilia consecter, compre- 
hend am brevi ; Cic. Ne sim prolix- 
us, longior. Ex ingenti quodam ira- 
meusoque campo in exiguura gyrura 
oratorem compellere. In unura quasi 
manipulura contrahemus. Sed quid 
ego infinitam pene copiam exemplorum 
persequar ? Sed ne re nota et pervul- 
gata multus et insolens sim. Non ob- 
tundam diutius aures vestras. Sentio 
moderandum raihi esse orationi raeae, 
fugiendamque vestram satietatem. Sed 
haec hacteuus, ne videar, &c. Satis 
haec de causa, extra causam fortasse 
multa, &c. ; Cic. Longiores hoc loco 
sumus, quam necesse est. Senlio (ju- 
dices) occurrendum satietati aurium, 
animorumque vestrorum j Cic. Eo ce- 
lerius de isto transigamus, quo matu- 
rius ad Apronium possimus venife. 

{Formulce fusius loquendi.) Fusius 
loqui. Dilafet nobis atque explanet 
sententiam suam ; Cic. Et certe om- 
nium de hac re sententias adferre am- 
bitiosum. Sed hsec fuse persequilur 
ipse Cajsar. Producte pluribus verbis, 
&c. See to amplify. 

(FormuUe comprimendce aUeriu* 

Quas ambages mihi narras? Quin tu 
uno verbo die. Kcm ipsam verbo ex- 
pedi. Desine prolixe loqui. Aperte 
ut res se habet enarra. Recta via, 
justo ordine enarrato. 


f will handle Briefly; in transitu 

/ will Briefly tell you what I 
would have you do; nunc in pauca 
conferam quod ego tevelira. 

^s Briefly as I could; quam bre- 
viesinie potui. 

/ will Briefly state the cause; 
sumraani causaa breviter exponam. 

To BRING J ducere, adducere, af- 
ferre, apportare. 

To Bring OM* qf another country ; 

To Bring by force or violence; at- 
traiiere, adigere, perducere. 

To Bring from one place to ano- 
ther ; deferre, deportare, deducere. 

To Bring or carry over on the 
other side ; traducere, transferre. 

To Bring about a thing ; ad exitum 
perducere, effectum dare. 

To Bring an action against one; 
litem alicui intendere. 

To Bring down; humiliare, depri- 
inere, dejicere. 

To Bring down or lessen a rate; 

To Bring down or weaken; atte- 
nuare, iabefactare, accidere. 

To Bring forth; producere, pro- 

To Buj^G forth young ; parere, pro- 
gignere, edere, eniti. 

To be ready to Bring forth ; par- 

To Bring forth b^ore the time ; 
abortire, abortiri. 

To Bring forth untnesses ; testes 
producere, allegare. 

To Bring forth fruit ; fructum fa- 
©ere, proferre, edere, educere. 

To Bring in ; inferre, invehere. 

To Bring one in the place of ano- 
ther ; substituere, succenturire, suffi- 

To Bring low ; humiliare, dejicere. 

To Bring low or bring to dtcay ; 
labefacere, attenuare. 

To Bring one on the way ; cbmi ta- 
xi, deducere. 

To Bring one to poverty; redigere 
ad inopiam. 

i To Bring to nought; in nihilum 

To Bring to remembrance; redu- 
cere, revecare in memoriam. 

To Bring to pass ; efficere, exequi, 
effectum dare. 



To Bring tidings; nunciare, an- 

To Bring up or nourish; educare, 
pascere, alere. 

To Bring up children virtux)u^ly ; 
liberos, filios, natos, pueros, recte, ho- 
neste, liberaliter, sancte, pie, religiose 
educare, educere, instituere, erudire, 
informare bonis artibus, honestis disci- 
piinis : ad aequabilem, teraperatam vi- 
vendi rationem ; ad humanitatem, pie- 
tatem, virtutem instruere, instituere, in 
via virtulis raanuducere : in scholis 
perpolire, arete cohibere. Puerilem 
ffitatera rectis, piis documentisimbuere, 
Teneros puerorum animos doctrina et 
pietate ab incunabulis excolere. Pue- 
rorum ingenia ad omnes artes, virtutes 
stimuiare, allicere, provocare. Inge- 
niis puerilibus, ingenus filiorum indoti 
verara Dei venerationera quam primum 
inserere, instiliare. Animos, ingenia, 
mores liberorura artibus, disciplina, 
recta institutione, consilio et ratione ad 
humanitatem, omnemque virtutem for- 
mare, informare. Rudibus annis do- 
cumenta salutaria prfBcipere. 

To Bring word again ; renunciare. 

To Bring into a fool's paradise; 
blandiri, vana spe lactate. 

To Bring o mischief on himself; 
SDo sibi juraento malum accersere. 

fVe must Bring it to pass that — ; 
efBciendum est autem ut — ; Cic. 
There are two ways to bring it to pass ; 
duabus viis, rebus effici potest j Cic. 
You bring it to passj that — ; conse- 
queris, ut — ; Cic. We labored hard 
to bring it to pass ; opere maximo da- 
bamus operam, ut fieret ; Ter. Till 
he bring some other mischief to pass; 
dam aliud aliquid flagitii conficiat; 

They Bring m£ to that pews, that — ; 
eo (in id loci) me redigunt, ut — ; 

/ triM Bring it about for you ; hoc 
ego tibi effectum reddam ; Ter. 

/ will Bring him to your face ; 
coram adducam ; Ter. Bring him be- 
fore me; coram ipsum cedo ; Ter. 

To Bring to an end; ad umbili- 
cum ducere ; Hor. 

To Bring envy on one ; one into 
envy, disgrace, Jfc. ; conflare alicui 
invidiam, &c. ; Cic. 

To Bring into a snare^ danger ; ia 
fraudem illicerej Ter, 



If any mnn Bring you into qves- 
tion; si te in judicium quis adducat; 

See how one thing Bhings in ano- 
ther; ut aliud ex alio incidit ; Ter. 

To Bbing abroad; in medium af- 
ferre ; Cic. 

Why do yon not Bring it out? 
quin tu id prefers ? Cic. 

Time uitl Bring it f> light; in 
apricum proferel a;tas ; Hor. 

lam afraid it should Bring you to 
trouble; vereor ne in nervum erum- 
pat; Ter. 

They tivVf Bring the hoy hither by 
and bye; mox deferent puerum hue j 

Bring me some wafer for my 
liands ; ccdo aquam manibus ; Plant. 
Brinjj me a candle quickly ; quin tu 
luccrnam actutnm raihi ex pedis ? Apul. 
15iing your w{fe home again; reduc 
uxorem ; Ter. 

/ will give as good as you Bring ; 
reddam vicem ; Plin. 

/ icish you could Bring Aim into 
Unit mind ; opto ut id ipsi persuadeas; 

As you Bring him up, so you must 
have kirn; ut quisque suum vult, ita 
(St; Ter. 

/ slmll the more easily Bring my 
purpose to jtass ; conficiam facilius ego 
•juod volo ; Ter. 

T/iey purposed to Bring it up; 
dccrcveruut tollere ; Ter. He brings 
up a fashion grown out of use ; rem 
dcsuctam usurpat ; Cic. A'o medi- 
cine brings so much pain as — ; nulla 
niedicina tarn facit doiorera, quam — ; 

To Bring one to his death ; aliqueiji 
vita expellere ; Cic. To bring to one*s 
remembrance ; alicui aliquid in memo- 
riam revocare ; Boeth. 13ring it out of 
doors ; foras profer. 

To Bring « thing to a good end, to 
have success as heart could wish, or as 
I would desire ; ad finem optatuni rem 
perduccre. Puto fore ut rem ex sen- 
tentia geram ; feliciter, prospere, ex a- 
nimi sententia, ut animus fert, expe- 
diam, conficiarn ; ad eum, quem volo, 
rxitum perducam ; felici exitu conclu- 
dam ; cfiiciani, opinor, ut res optima 
succedat ; ut exitum res habeat, qua- 
lem optamus ; ne res, contra quam 
volumus, succedat ; ne quid advcrsi 


contingat in re ; ne sit infaustns, adver- 
sus, alienus a nostrisvolunlatibus, alius 
atque volumus, exitus rei, eventus rei, 
rei finis ac terminus ; spero futurum, 
ut in hac re meis optatis fortuna re- 
spondeat, cum animo meo fortuna C(in- 
sentiat, ab animo meo fortuna minirae 
dissentiat, nihil adversi fortuna objici- 
at, nequaquara fortuna repugnet, re- 
sistat, obsistat, adversetur, sese oppo-^ 
nat, suam vim objiciat, impedimentum 
ullnm injiciat, occurrat, obviam eat j 
futurum existimo, ut in hoc secunda, 
facili, prospera, propitia, perbenigna 
fortuna utamur. 

To be Brought ; affcrri, deduci. 

To be Brought to pass ; cffici, cnn- 
fici. The matter is brought to that 
pass ; in eum locum res deducta est. 

Brought into the world ; natus, in 
lucem editus. 

Brought to poverty ; redactus ad 

Brought to his shifts; ad incites 

They Brought it to this pass, 
that — ; rem hue deduxerunt, ni — j 

The matter is now Brought to 
that pass^ that — ; adeo res rediit ; in 
eum jam res rediit locum ; eo deduci- 
tur, ut — ; Ter. Cic. By their tricks 
it was brought to pass, that — ; eorura 
artificio eiFectum est, ut — j Cic. 

He is Brought into danger; in 
periculum ac discrimen vocatur ; Cic. 
The business may be brought to an 
agreement ; ad concordiam res adduci 
potest ; Cic. 

The republic itself Brought me 
back into the city ; roe incivitatem res- 
publica ipsa reduxlt ; Cic. Why do 
not you command her to be brought over 
hither? cur non illam hue transferri 
jubes ? Per. You brought more away 
with you from Athens besides your 
sirname ; non cognomen solum Athenis 
deportasti ; Cic. 

Old age has not yet Brought me 
quite down ; non plane me enervavit, 
nee afflixit senectus ; Cic. 

By their means he kept himself from 
being Brought to his trial; per eos 
ne causani dlceret, se eripuit ; Cic. 

He cannot 6e Brought offfroin it ; 
ab eo deduci non potest ; Cic. 

/ cannot yet be Brought to do it ; 
nondum adducor ut faciam : Cic. 


See what I am Brought to ! hem 
quo redactus sum ! Ter. He brought 
ihem to that, that — ; eo redegit, ut — j 

He has Buovcnr anger (mischi^) 
upon himself; in se iram derivavit, 
malum conjecit ; Ter. 

/ heard by the seamanthat Brought 
them; audivi ex nauta, qui illas ad- 
vexit ; Ter. 

He has Brought me into a great 
deal of trouble ; magna me cura et sol- 
licitudine afFecit ; Ter. 

They carry out with them all they 
Brought ; efferuntquae secura hue at- 
tulerunt ; Ter. 

We were Brought up together from 
children ; una e pueris parvuli educati 
sumus ; Ter. She brought himupfrom 
a child ; ilium aluit parvulum ; eduxit 
a parvulo ; Ter. 

He was Brought up like a gentle- 
man; libere eductus est ; Ter. 

He has Brought me into disgrace; 
mihi invidiam conflavit J me in invidiam 
adduxit; Cic. 

The last that Brought vp the rear; 
ultimi qui cogerent agraen ; Curt. 

j|/ any inconvenience be Brought 
on us ; si quid importelur nobis incora- 
modi ; Cic. 

/ thought I had Brought that to 
pass; putabam meo labore esse per- 
fectum ; Cic. 

They Brought him word; illi re- 
nunciaverunt ; Caes. 

You have Brought your hogs to a 
pretty market ; tibi ad restim res re- 

He Brought great wars on the ci- 
tizens ; magnis belli fluctibus cives ob- 
jecit, oppressit. Lest they should also 
be Brought into great anger by him; 
ne illos etiam in iras pelliceret. 

It is Brought to a good pass, or 
ease ; res adducta in optimum statum. 
Hoc videor mihi-esse consecutus, ut op- 
timara spcm habere, optime sperare, 
optima spe niti possimus ; eo rem per- 
duxisse mihi videor, ut eventum spe- 
rare quam secundissimum liceat ; rem, 
ut opinor, ita constitui, in eo statu col- 
locavi, in eura statum adduxi, ita com- 
posui, atque confirmavi, nihil ut adver- 
sum timere, nihil ut contra voluntatem, 
omnia secunda, qualia volumus, ex nos- 
tra voluntate, ex animi sententia spe- 
rare possimus ; jacta sunt a nobis funda- 
menta reipublicaB, sic, inquam, ut certa 
propemodum in spe reliqua sint. 



Brought in by custom for men's 
use ; consuetudine introductum, Tra- 
laticium hoc est, \isitatum, in more po- 
situm, raorecomparatum; mosobtinuit; 
moris est, consaetudo ita fert, more 

BROAD ; latus, patulus. 

Broad awake; experrectus, vigir 

To make Bro a d ; dilatare, diducere. 

To lay Abroad ; pandere, exponere, 

To speak Broad ; rustice loqui, 
plane, aperte dicere. 

You sleep till Broad day; stertis ad 
multum diem. Till broad day-light ; 
ad clarum diem. 

A well three foot Broad; fons la- 
tus pedi^us tribus ; Colum. 

To make Broad signs; manifesta 
(clara) signa dare j clare signiiicare ; 
Ovid. Cffis. 

He lies under the covert q/" a Broa.d 
beech-tree ; patulae recubatsub tegn)iae 
fagi ; Virg. 

^BROW; frons. 

A Brow or eye-hrow ; supercilinm« 

The space between the Brows j in- 

To bend the Brow; caperare fron- 

To Bnow-beatone ; torve tueri. 

Come, clear up your Brow ; frontem 
exporrige, et praebe hilarem. 

To knit his Brows ; supercilia vi- 
brare ; frontem contrahere, corrugare ; 
Plaut. Cic. Plin. 

They led him to the Brow of the 
hill; duxerunteum usque ad soperci- 
lium montis. 

The knitting of the Brows ; super- 
ciliornm contractio. 

A BRUNT ; insultus, impetus, -us, 
m. Impressio. 

If you be but able to abide the first 
Brunt ; primam si coitionem su«tinu- 
eris ; Ter. To bear the brunt of the 
day ; maximum pratlii impetum susti- 
nere ; Caes. 

To BUILD ; SEdificare, fabricare, 
fabricari, condere, struere, exstruere, 
construere, fundare. 

To Build a city; urbem fundare, 

To BviTuD under ; substruere. 

To Build about ; circumstruere. 

To Build again, or rebuild ; reaedi- 
ficare, instaurare. 

To Build up ; exstruere. 
'To Build a fine house; araplam. 



amoenam, pneclaram et plenam digni- 
tatis domum aedificare, exaedificare. 
Domiciliurn, habitaculura excultum at- 
que oriiatiim, illuslre et nobile ; aedes 
niagnificas ; habilandi sedem, locum 
cultissimum, ornaiissimiim exslruere, eri- 
gere, excitare, condere, fabricare, fabri- 
cari, fabrifacere, componere. Belle, 
iaute, eleganter adificare. ^dificium 
ampium exstmere. ^dium regiarum 
magnificentiam aemulari. Ambitiosam, 
egregiam, delicatara, splendidam do- 
luuni exstmere. 

He Built a fine house ; prapcbram 
SBdificavit domum ; Cic. 

The bridge began to he Bvii^r ; pons 
instifui coeptus est J Cic. He huWtSa- 
lamis; Saiamina constituit ; Paterc. 
Tliere he built three cities; tres ibi 
nrbes statuit ; Paterc. To build a new 
town ; urbem novam condere. 

To appoint where a temple should be 
Buii.T ; eftari templa ; sistere fana. 

To ButLD oil one's word; alicujus 
verbis niti ; Quint. 

^ To muke.a vow to Build a church; 
Tovere tempium. 

To Build not very high ; aedificia 
modice ab liumo tollere. 

To Build a stately town ; oppidum, 
urbem, moenia aedificare, condere, stru- 
ere, construere, constituere, ponere, 
componere, extruere, moliri. Urbem 
])rapciaram statui, — Mnros optatae mo- 
lior urbis, — Littore curvo moenia prima 
loco. Urbis altje fundamenta locas, et 
pulchram construis urbem. Fundere 
arces ac tecta novare. 

To Build, trust or rely on one; 
fidere, confidere alicui. 

To rear up a very high Building ; 
molem coelo educere ; A'^irg. He built 
a school therefor learning; schoiam 
ibi erudienda; juventuti instituit, statuit, 
fundavit, struxit. 

Hiave surveyed allyour Buildings ; 
omnem aedificationem tuam perspexi. 

Cowards never Bv n.v trophies ; ti- 
midi nunquam staluere trophseuni. 

He Built houses of magnificent 
structure; magnifica structura wdes 
erexit. The which town they built 
again out of the ashes ; quod oppidum 
ex cineribus denuo excilarunt. He who 
had built and set out great and stale- 
ly navies, fleets, or ships ; qui maxi- 
luas exapdilicasset, omassetque classes, 
naves, &c. 

But if yoH Bull d you must beware 
y:ni be not excessive in charges and ax- 


penses ; cavendum est etiam si aedifices 
ne extra modum sumptu et magnificen- 
tia prodeas. The school was built by 
his authority and at his expense; schola 
hujus auspiciis el sumpiibus est erecta. 

The world is Built by divine coun- 
sel ; mundus divino consilio est exsedi- 

Built out of the quarry ; hewn &ut 
of the rock; e solido vivoque saxo. 

He searched far and near in every 
stone-pit for that Buiiding ; ad hoc 
ajdificium complendum lapicidinas ex- 
entcravit omnes prope et procul. 

The Building had artificial marble 
pillars cast in a mould ; structurae, e 
contusis caeraentis factitiam erat raar- 

BviT^Di^Gs of admirable architecture, 
for structure and height; structurae ex 
quadralis lapidibus admirandae, fastigi- 
atae ultra omnem excelsitatera quas nia- 
nu fieri possit. 

Large strong Buildings ; aedificia 
C;V'cl«piini firmata nianu — Ferrati pos- 
tes, iramensaque nectit — claustra cha- 

A BUOY of a ship ; truncus, an- 
chorae index, truncus aquae innatans, 
index anchoraeinfernejactae ; index an- 

To Buoy up ; sustentare, suffulcire. 

To Buoy up a vessel; navem cup- 
pis in alteram partem ex aquisattollere. 

A BURDEN ; sarcina, onus, gra- 
vamen, fascis. 

To Burden ; onerare. Sarcinam, 
pcndus, onus imponere alicui. Onera 
in humeros reponere. Oneribus ali- 
quem urgere, premere, opprimcre, sub- 
igere, gravare ; oneribus, ponderibus, 
impedimentis gravissimis cumulare. 
Onus ponderosum, maximum, ^tna 
gravius 5 molem ingentem, Colosseam ;. 
pondus grave, ingens, imraensum, im- 
niane, magnum, cui vix plaustrum fe- 
rendo par sit, in bajuli, geruli, servi 
terguni, humeros conjicere, coUocare. 
Humeris imponere pondus vix tractabile. 

To carry or bear a Burden ; onus, 
sarcinam, &c. portare, ferrp, gerere, 
gestare, sustinere, tollere, subire, baju- 
lare. Tergum, humeros oneri subn)it- 
tere, subjicere. Oneri succedere. Va- 
lido sub pondere niti. Membra grava- 
bat onus. Gemuil sub pondere cjmba. 
Leve fit quod bene fertur onus. 

To cast off a Burden ; onus, pon- 
dus, sarcinam deponere; tergo, humeris 
excutcre, abjicere, Se, humeros onere 


levare. Pondera ferre negant hnmeri. 

The Burden of a song ; versus in- 

To Burden one's conscience; religi- 
one obstringere, onerare, vel premere j 
religione obligare. 

To he Burdensome to one; esse 
alicui oneri, gravis. 

Heavy Burdens or loads; onus 
^tna gravius j apud Cic. Colossea 
onerat raoles ; res viribus impar, diffi- 
cultatibus plena ; negotUim snbacer- 
bum J provincia dura, negotiosa, mo- 
lesta, aspera; negotiumoperosum, mo- 
lestum, involutura, difficile explicatu ; 
pistrinum, turn pro loco, turn pro re 
difficultatis plena. 

To BURY ; sepelire, humare, inbu- 
raare, tumulare, contumulare, humo ali- 
quem mandare; corpus, cadaver raor- 
tuura humare, sepelire, cumulare ; tu- 
mulo mandare, tradere, dare, imponere ; 
sepulchre claudere, condere, compo- 
nere ; terra, hurao tegere, obruere, ope- 
rire ; terras parenti reddere, comraen- 
dare. Sepulchnim ut portum corpori 
quo recipiat se, ubi requiescat, dare. 
Corpus monuraento recondere; sepul- 
turae tradere, inhumare ; honorifica 
sepultura donare, afficere. Ossa sepul- 
chrali contumulare dorao. Dare supre- 
mo corpus inane rogo. 

Not Buried ; inhumatus, intumu- 
latus. Supremi diei celebritate privari, 
carere. Spoliari exequiis, inhumatum 
projici feris avibusque praedam. 

To be Buried ; sepeliri, humari, 
tumulari, funerari, sepulturae tradi, pa- 
rentari ; comburi ; (ut veterura mos 
erat ; unde bustum pro monumento se- 
pulclirali ponitur.) Ponere cineres, 
apud poet. Honorifica sepultura do- 
nari ; sepulturae majorumsuorum addi ; 
niagnifico, post fata, deponi mausolaeo ; 
in tenuem solvi favillam ; contumulari, 
terrae instemi. Tellusgremio coraplec- 
titur ossa. 

I gave him a fair Burial ; funus ei 
satis amplum faciendum curavi. 

To honor the dead with Burial ; 
extinctum supremo efferre honore ; su- 
prerais muneribus decorare ; officia 
suprema alicui prsstare j funeris exe- 
quias peragere ; corpus superjecta hu- 
uio operire. 

To accompany the Burial with 
much mourning ; multo planctu et la- 
chrymis funus comitari. An honorable 
or solemn burial j funus splendidum. 



Funus ei satis amplum faciendum cu- 
ravi J dedi operam, ut funere satis am- 
plo, satis magnifico, satis honorifico ef- 
ferretur, ut exequiis honestaretur; exe- 
quiis eum honorificis prosecutus sura; 
honorifice sepultus est, sepultura ho- 
nestatus est; funeris, exequiarura, se- 
pulturae honore non caruit ; habuit in 
funere, quae ilium decorarent, illi bo- 
norem adderent, decori essent, honori 

To BURN ; urere, comburere, cre- 
mare, concremare, incendere, inl^am- 
mare, exurere. Flararaa, igne, ignibus, 
incendio, incendiis vastare, delere, po- 
pulari, consumere, abolere, sepelire, in 
cineres redigere. Flaramis, ignibus, in- 
cendio dare, committere, tradere. In 
ignem mittere, conjicere, projicere. Ig- 
nem, faces ardentes eedibus, tectis in- 
ferre, subjicere, fundere. In tecta 
faces ferre, servos cum facibus immit- 
tere. Subjectis urere ilammis. Vul- 
cano tradere. Flamma crepitante cre- 

To Burn in sacrifice ; adolere. 

To Burn in the hand, Sfc. ; stigmate 

T« Burn vp ; exurere. 

To Burn or singe off the hair of a 
swine; glabrare, amburere. 

To Burn, neut. ; ardere, aestuare, 

To Burn vp as grass in hot wea- 
ther ; exarescere, 

»SMn-BuRNT ; torridus, adustus. 

A Burning heat ; ardor. 

A Burning /ecer; ardens febris. 

A Burning in scars ; uredo, ustri- 
go, urigo. 

To Burn day -light ; lucemanj in 
sole accendere j Cic. 

A rogue that is Burnt in the hcmd; 
nebulo stigmaticus, literatus. 

He was able to Burn his hand ; to 
hold it in the fire and let it burn ; ma- 
num urere potuit; Mart. 

That village was Burnt with light- 
ning ; villa de ccelo tacta est ; Cato. 

A great Burning, a dangerous jire ; 
grande incendium. Hac nocte non 
mediocre excitatum est incendium ; ve- 
hemens ignis est accensus, aides multaj 
combustee sunt, igni corruptae sunt, 
consuraptae, absumptcB ; gravis admo- 
dum periculi, summi danini exorta flam- 
ma est. 

To be Burnt or set on fire ; ardere, 
flagrare, conflagrare, deflagrate, incen- 



di, urir&c. Domus et res familiaris 
in furaum et cineres abiit. Rapidis 
abolere flaramis. 

To Burn his father's house; patrios 
incendiu lares absiimere j ignem in ae- 
des ejaculari paternas. 

He Burnt the navy ; navibus ig- 
nem injecit, admovit. 

The fire Burns and consumes all 
things ; ignis depascit et absamit oin- 

A Burnt child dreads the fire ; ic- 
tus piscator sapit ; rem factam stultus 
cognovit; post acerba prudentior. 

Many houses were Burnt; sedes 
multae conflagrarunt. 

That palace was wholly Burnt to 
ashes by a most lamentable fire ; haec 
regia sedes luctuoso incendio tota in 
favillas concidit ; regia tota considit in 
cineres ; Statius. 

/ saw all Troy Burnt ; omne niihi 
visum considere in ignes— Ilinm ; Virg. 

He had commanded those verses to 
be Burnt ; jusserat haec rapidis aboleri 
carmina flammis. 

To Burn all about ; araburere. 

To Burn a little; suburere. To 
burn much ; perurere, deurere, praeu- 

To Burn together; concremare, 

To Burn a malefactor in the fore- 
head, hand, or shoulder ; sligraatizare. 

To BURST, or break; act. dis- 

To Burst ; neut. dissilire, crepare. 

To BvnsT forth as tears; prosi- 
lire, prorumpere. 

To Burst with laughing; risu 

To Burst out into laughter; in ri- 
sura prorumpere. 

Tears Burst out; prosiliunt la- 

Fire Bursts out if you strike the 
stone ; exilit ignis si lapidem lapis per- 

Ready to Burst ; adeo inflatus, ut 
prope crepet. 

To Burst, or to break in; irruere 
in »des ; irrumpere, cum violentia 
quadam ; iuferre se concitato impetu ; 
Liviiis, pro irruere, facere impetum, ha- 
bet, incedere. 

BUSY ; occupatus, solicitus, inten- 
tuj, negotiatus, versatus, irapeditus, 

Business ; occupalio, res, opus. 


Business, or trouble ; turba, tomul- 
tns; tumultuatio, raolestia. 

Full q/" Business j negotiosus, ope- 

A Bvs\-body ; ardelio. 

To be Busied or occupied about a 
thing; occupari, solicitari, versari, sa- 

To Busy 07ie's self; sese occupare, 
solicitare, imraiscere, veisare ; agere. 

There is some Business j turbatum 

To do Business /or anofAa',* dare 
operam alteri. 

To manage Business ; negotia 
tractare, res gerere. 

To effect or perform a Business 
well ; prospere, feliciter, ex animi sen- 
tentia, rem, negotium aliqnod efficere, 
perficere, conficere, exeqni, peragere, 
transigere, expedire, absolvere, et ad 
exitum perducere. Pertexere quod ex- 
orsus est, et usque ad extremum exe- 
qui. Ad optatos exitus provehi, pervelii. 

/ am full 0/ Business ; negotii sum 
plenus ; Plaut. 

A life full of Bvsiy ESS ; vita oecu- 
pata ; Cic. 

/ liad Business in hand ; eram oc- 
cupatus ; Cic. 

Always about one Business w ano' 
ther ; semper agens aliquid et raoliens ; 

What Business Jiave you there? — 
has he here ? quid istic tibi (liuic, hie) 
negotii est ? Ter. 

That he should have so little care in 
a Business of so great import ! tan- 
tamne rem tam negligenter agere ! Ter. 

The Business iDe7it well on for me ; 
bene prospereque hoc operis processit 
niihi ; Plaut. 

^niW Business ; facinus improbona ; 

It takes off from Business ; avocat 
a rebus gerendis j Cic. Abstrahit a — ; 
Id. He has enough to do about hit 
own business ; is rerum suaruin satagit ; 

To find one Business ; facessere 
alicui negotium ; Cic. This, J guess, 
is the business. Cogito id quod res 
est ; Ter. 

TJte Business went better for me 
than I expected; felicius hac res 
quam arbitrabar successit raihi. Busi- 
ness hindered me from writivg back ; 
negotia itnp^dierunt quo minus rescri- 


To mind, follow Business ; rei dare 
operam ; Ter. Come to the business 
in hand ; ad rem redi ; Ter. Will 
you have me speak to your business ? 
niene vis dicere id, quod ad te attinet ? 
Ter. That is their business ; in eo 
occupati sunt ; Cic. He does not 
make this his business, to — ; non 
enini id agit ut — ; Cic.' 

In the height of your Business ; in 
^umma occupatione tua; Cic. I had 
nobody whom I could better put that 
business fo, than yourself; non habui, 
cui potius id negotii darem, quam tibi ; 
Cic. What business is this ? quid hoc 
rei est ? Ter. That is not our business ; 
id non agimus ; Cic. Business takes 
me off from ; negotiis impedior ; occu- 
palionibus prohibeor ; Cic. Caes. 

To Busy hitnself or be employed in 
many weighty affairs; ani mum nego- 
tiis inultis, plurirais sinuil implicare, 
distinere, iramiscere, degravare. Se te- 
mere ingerere in pluriraas simul res. 
Industriam suam in plurima stadia dis- 
trahere. ]\-iolestis se involvere negotiis. 
Negotia sibi facessere, exhibere. Sus- 
•ceptarum rerum oneribus magnis premi, 
deprimi, opprimi. Occupationibus 
maxirais, gravissiniis irapediri, distineri, 
detineri. Negotiorum undis fluctibus- 
que obrui, immergi : mole urgeri, one- 
rari, defatigari. Laboribus assiduis et 
concursationibus confici. Plurirais ne- 
gotiis contrahendis implicaii. 

Our Business is one^ our causes are 
alike; res nostrae similes. Rerum 
inearum iraaginem video in tuis rebus ; 
in rebus tuis nieas agnosco, simillima 
rerum nostrarum ratio est ; a rebus meis 
tuae minimum difFerunt ; nulla est re- 
rum nostrarum dlssimilitudo, plane res 
meas in tuis agnosco ; res tuas nihil a 
meis intelligo difFerre, nihil discrepare ; 
congruunt res tuae cum meis, rerum 
nostrarum eadem ratio est, nulla dissi- 
militudo ; qui tuas res intuetur meas 
intueri se dicet ; tuaj res nihil difFerunt 
a meis, inter res nostras nihil interest, ni- 
hil est, quo res tuae difFerant a meis. 

A BvsY-body, or a meddler in other 
men's affairs; in aliena republica cu- 
riosus. Falcem in alienam messem 
jmmittere. In alienum officium irrum- 
j>ere. In alienam se rem intrudere. Ea 
curare quas ad se nihil attinent, perti- 
nent. Alienis rebus vacare, se inge- 
rere, immiscere, implicare, interponere. 
Homo inquies, ingenio agili et inqui- 



etc. Tantumne ab re tua est otii tibi 
ut cures aliena ? 

So many Businesses trouble me 
that my mind is almost distracted; 
tot me impediunt curw, quas animum 
raeum diverse trahuni. Great and 
troublesome businesses almost oppress 
and undo him; gravissima laborum 
opera eum pene opprimunt. 

/ have never so much as an how to 
spare from Business ; mihi nunquam 
tribuitur vacuum tempos et liberum. / 
My brother, almost spent with continual 
Business, is now very ill; frater mens, 
laboribus assiduis concursationibusque 
confectus, graviter se nunc habet. 

Do not suffer yourself, I pray you, 
to be thus oppressed with so great Bu- 
siness ; te oro, ne te obrui, tanquam 
fluctu, sic in magnitudine negotii sinas. 

Sylla is so distracted by so many and 
so great Businesses, that he can hard- 
ly take time to breathe; S^ylla tot tan- 
tisque distentus est negotiis, ut respi- 
rare libere non possit. He is day and 
night in torture with the multiplicity 
q/" business; multis soljcitudinibus dies 
noctesque discruciatur ; torquetur. He . 
is entangled in managing many busi- 
nesses ; in contrahendis negotiis multis 
implicatur; Cic. 

To be distracted with the cares of a 
thousand troublesome Businesses^ 
which this life is subject to ; raillibus 
curarum, quibus haec vita est obnoxia> 

Whilst the mind is not resohed 
about a Business, it is distracted and 
thrust hither and thither in a moment; 
quum in dubiu est animus de re aliqua 
paulo momento hue illuc impellitur. 

That wise man is little worth, who 
is not wise in his own Business ; odi 
sapientera qui sibi ipsi non sapit ; Cic. 

He is a fool that minds my Bvsi¥tt.siy 
and cares nothing for his own ; stultus 
est qui raeam quidem mentera observat, 
suam vero ipsius propriam nihil curat j 
Theogn. in Stobaeo. 

It is folly for one to be Busy in 
that which is none of his own business ; 
stultitia est quod sua minus interest ^ 

percontari ; in aliena republica curio- 
sum, in sua negligentem esse. 

/ will withdraw myself from nil pub- 
lic Business, and give myself to my 
studies ; abducam meipsura ab omni 
reipublicae cura, dedamque me Uteris. 



/ will not meddle with their Busi- 
ness ; nolo me interponere. 

To free himself from all troublesome 
Business ; omnibus curis et angoribus 
seraet eximere, abducere ; animum ha- 
bere ab omni raolestia longe sejunctum. 

/ am very Busy now; felix otii 
nunc non sum. You have no business 
there; tibi isthic nee seritur nee meiitur. 

A Busy bishop in another man's di- 
ocese ; in aliena republica curiosus. 

Do your own Business yourself; 
tibi ipsi sis Mercnrius. 

Fery/ttW 0/ Business ; non patiun- 
tur me turbat, turmae negotiorum qui- 
bus nunc undequaque involvor, cir- 

I am as Busy as a bee, you must 
excuse me; dabis veniara occupationi- 
bus meis, per quas mihi non licet. 

/ have some other Business (some- 
thing else) to do ; majus opus raoveo. 
He finds himself business. He does 
and undoes ; the day's long enough ; 
diruit, aedificat, mutat quadrata rotun- 

/ have Business enough to do; 
quid ego agam habeo. Many distrac- 
tions called me off my business^ which 
I cannot yet dispatch; negotia me 
multa impedierunt, quse ne nunc qui- 
dem sunt expedita. / have business, 
I must be gone ; quaedam me alio vo- 
cant negotiola. 

/ had my hands full of Business 
then ; cram tunc sane occupatior. Per- 
haps I am something uncivil to inter- 
rupt you in your business thus ; ego 
te fortasse in seriis occupatum negotiis 
interpelio. He trusted that business 
with me; banc mihi provinciam de- 

To a man so Busy as — ; homini 
praesertim occupatissinio. You are 
perhaps talking of some private Busi- 
ness, which I should not disturb you 
in ; alicjuid fortasse rei seriae inter vos 
nunc agitur, cui nolim esse impedi- 

A Business fell out which I never 
dreamed of; sed praeter expectationera 
objectum est negotium. 

Busy yourself with what you 
were bred to; tractent fabrilia fabri. 
My own business takes me up ; meos 
coryrabos necto. 

/ am so Busy, / have no leisure to 
pare my nails ; ne ad aures quidem 
«calpeudas otium est. 


He is ready for all Business ; ad 
singula actionum momenta praesto est. 
I am so distracted with other men's 
business, that, Ifc. ; agminatira in me 
jam irruentibus occupationibus aliorum 
adeo distractus sum, ut, &c. Multipli- 
city o/" business quite overwhelms ine ; 
undse negotiorum, quibus baud facile 
est enatare, me penitus obruunt. 

/ can spare no time from my Busi- 
ness, whatever else I may spare ; qu«- 
cunque habeara caetera, temporis vix, 
certe, satis habeo. 

/ have been so hurried these two 
years with Business, that I cannot be 
at quiet in myself, eitJier to read or 
write any thing y or to see my friends ; 
irapraesentiarum ita a musis desideo, 
dibtrahorque, ut biennium jam, non 
amicis, non mihi vacaverim, 

BUT ; sed, aulem, vero, at, atque, 
caeterum, verum, primo, enimvero, 

I. But that, signifying if not, did 
not, were it not that, is rendered by ni, 
nisi, nisi quod, or quod nisi with a 
subjunctive mood : as, 

But that I fear my father ; ni me- 
tuam patrem ; Ter. And but that he 
was ashamed to confess ; el nisi eru- 
besceret fateri ; Curt. But that we use 
the words otherxmse ; nisi quod verbis 
aliter utamur ; Cic. But tliat Torqua- 
tus's cause held me in hand, I had thne 
enough to — ; quod nisi me Torquati 
causa teneret, satis erat dierum, u# — ; 
Cic. But that I supposed almost «ll 
of you knew it, I would discourse 
of that ; ni hoc partem maximam exk- 
timarem scire vestrura, id dicerem ; 
Ter. But that the care of his funeral 
detained you ; nisi cura te sepultufae 
ejus moraretur ; Curt. But that, when 
the cause is removed, even by common 
use and custom, we speak against 
truth; nisi quod etiam ubi causa sub- 
lata est, mentimur, et consuetudinis 
causa ; Sen. But that I thought that 
all the city transactions, and town af-f 
fairs are made known to you, I myself 
would vrriie them ; quod nisi res urba- 
nas, actaque omnia ad te perferri arbi- 
trarer, ipse perscriberem ; Cic. 

II. But, with for, is (in some cases) 
rendered by absque : as, 

But for him I should hnve looked 
well enough to myself ; absque eo es- 
set, recte ego mihi vidissem ; Ter. 
But /or that I was with you to-day, I 
should never have seen the sun set; 


sj absque te essem hodie, nunquam ad 
solem occasura A'iverem ; Plaut. But 
for you, I should have had him right 
enough ; nam absque te esset, ego il- 
ium haberem rtctuni ; Plaut. But /or 
her, how happy should I be in all other 
things ; quam fortunatus caeteiis essera 
rebus, absque una hac foret ; Ter. But 
for you, saith he, he had been excellent 
in some one language, especially in fne 
Greek ; absque te, inquit, una forsi- 
tan lingua, profecto Graeca, is longe 
anteessftt ; Gel I. 

Note ; in those or such like expres' 
sions where the particles are thus used, 
the phrase will admit of these or the 
like variations, but for him ; had it 
not been for him ; had he not been ; 
but/or you ; had you not been ; had it 
not been for you ; without you ; vjith- 
out your help, hindrance, Ifc. 

ILI. Not But with that (signify- 
ing not that — not) is rendered by non 
quod non, or non quin ica, 

Not But that there have been such 
as — ; non quod non tales fuerint, 
quales — ; Cic. Not but ihat it was 
right, but because — ; non quin rectum 
esset, sed quia — j Cic. Not but that 
every full sentence may be called an 
enlhymem, but, a* Homer, Sfc; non 
quod non omnis sententia proprio no- 
mine enthymeraa dicatur, sed, ut Ho- 
Bjerus, &c. ; Cic. in Top. Not but 
thai there may be many good men in the 
provinces ; but — , 8fc. ; non quin pos- 
sint multi esse provinciales viri boni j 
sed — ; Cic. 

IV. But, coming alone after no, 
none, never, scarce, or seldom, is ren- 
dered by quin, qui non, or nisi qui : as, 
There is scarcely a day, but he comes 
to my house ; dies fere nuUus est, quin 
domum meam veniret ; Cic. There is 
none but is afraid of you; nemo est, 
qui te non metuat ; Cic. None hath 
shaken it off, but lie that — ; nemo 
illara excussit, nisi qui — ; Sen, 

Note; when the particle, But, is 
thus used, it stands for, and may be 
varied by, who not, which not, when 
not, or w^ierein not, ^c. : as, 

He never lets a day pass. But that he 
always comes ; nunquam non interinit- 
tit diera^ quin semper veniat ; Ter. 
/ indeed passed by none but I sent 
letters to them; equidera neminem 
pr^temiisi, cui literas non dederim ; 
Cic. When you said that no man was 



rich, but he who could maintain an 
army at his own charge; cum diceres 
neminem esse divitem, nisi qui exerci- 
tum alere possit suis fructibus ; Cic. 
/ never knew any poet, but he always 
thought himself the best; adhuc ne- 
minem novi poetam, qui sibi non opti- 
raus videretur ; Cic. There is none 
but may complain, at this time, both 
most grievously and yet most truly ; 
nemo est, quin, hoc tempore, gravis- 
sirae et verissime conqueri possit ; Cic. 
Yet there scarcely passed a day but 
that I wrote to him ; nullus dies ta- 
men temere intercessit, quo non ad 
eum scriberem ; Cic. You will find 
nowhere any, who says those things, 
but that he certainly thinks he knows 
what he says ; neutiquam reperias, qui 
hsec dicit, quin scire se plane putet, 
quid dicat ; Gell. 

V. But, coming after nothing, or 
nothing else, is rendered by quara, non, 
or nisi : as, She does nothing but 
grieve ; nil aliud, quara dolet ; Ovid. 
I saw nothing but what was commend- 
able; nil non laudabile vidi ; Ovid. / 
aim at nothing but your safety ; nihil 
Jaboro, nisi ut salvus sis ; Cic. He 
inquired about nothing in all the way, 
but whether the empire was safe and 
secured for him ; nijiil, tota via, quam 
essetne salvum sibiiraperium requirens; 
Suet. We possess nothing but what is 
perishing and mortal ; nil non mortale 
tenemus ; Ovid. He made nothing 
his business but to be revenged of his 
enemies; nihil nisi de inimicis ulcis- 
cendis agebat ; Cic. / desire nothing 
but Philumena; nihil aliud volo, nisi 
Philuraenam ; Ter. 

1. Note ; if but after nothing may 
be varied by which not, it is rendered 
by quod non : as. 

There is nothing so incredible. But 
by language may be made prohhbki 
nihil est tam incredibile, quod non di- 
cendo fiat probabile ; Cic. There is 
nothing to be called liberal, or ingenu- 
ous, but that which is also just and 
honest; nihil liberale, quod non sit 
idem justum ; Cic. 

2. Note ; But after what, or wl»at 
else, is so rendered as qfter nothing, 
or nothing else ; yet mostly by nisi : 

What else But the secret woods-did 
hurt Phillis? quid nisi secretae laese- 
runt Phillida sylvae ? Ovid. Whut 



'else is it to fight against the gods, like 
the giants, but to be, or do, contrary 
to nature i quid aliud est, gigantum 
more, bellare cum Diis, nisi naturae re- 
pugnare? Cic. 

VI. But, after cannot, is rendered 
by non with an infinitive ; quin, or ut 
non, with a subjunctive mood : as, 

I cannot But lament his calamity ; 
non possum ejus casum non dolere ; 
Cic. / cannot but cry out ; non pos- 
sum quin exclamera ; Cic. It cannot 
be but you must say, what you do not 
like; fieri nuUo pacto potest, ut non 
dicas quid non probes ; Cic. I cannot 
but be a friend to him ; non possum ei 
non amicus esse ; Cic. There is 
scarcely any thing to prevent it, but 
that I must he in a most miserable and 
wretched condition; prorsus nihil 
abest, quin sim raiserriraus; Cic. It 
cannot be but that the same man, who 
blames the good, must also approve the 
(}ad ; abesse non potest, quin ejusdera 
sit hominis probos improbare, qui im- 
probos probetj Cic. Those things 
cannot be ruined, but that tliese also, 
hy the same way, must fall to ruiri 
likeu'vte ; ruere ilia non possunt, ut 
liaic non eodem labefactala raotu con- 
cidant ; Quint. / would, but for 
hurting hitn ; velimj ni foret ei dam- 

Vir. But, after these words not 
doubt, not fear, not make question, 
&c., is rendered by quin, or ne non : 

There is no doubt But — ; non est 
dubium quin — j Ter. / do not fear 
but I shall cloy you with letters; non 
enim vereor ne non scribendo te ex- 
pleam ; Cic. No body doubted but 
that he would again be restored to the 
kingdom ; erat nemini dubium, quin is 
in regnura restitueretur ; Cic. Who- 
soever remembers these things, there is 
little or no danger, but that he shall 
think death either to be wished for, or 
not to be feared ; qua; qui recordetur, 
baud sane periculum est, ne non mor- 
tem aut optandam, aut certe non ti- 
mcndam putet ; Cic. 

Note ; Quin, and ne non, with their 
subjunctive mood, are variable by turn- 
ing the nominative case into the accu- 
sative, and the subjunctive into the in- 
finitive: as, 

There is no doubt, Bvt that my son 
will not — , fyc. ; non dubiura est quin 


nolit filius, or — nolle filium. J fear 
not but that I may prove, or approve 
that; non vereor ne hoc non probein, 
or, me hoc p-obaturura. 

Vin. Bvt, signifying only, is ren- 
dered by tantum, solum, and modo : as. 

Thou hast But the name of virtue 
iji thy mouth; what itself is thou 
knowest not ; nomen tantum virtutis 
usurpas ; quid ipsavaleat ignoras ; Cic. 
They disagree but about one thing ; 
in re una solum dissident ; Cic. Be 
but ruled by me ; mihi modo feusculta ; 
Plant. Be but true and faithful to 
your sister ; tu tantum fida sorori esse 
velis ; Ovid. We have but the report^ 
the consuls and the rest of the magis- 
trates have also the real knowledge; 
nuntiationem nos solum habemus, con- 
sules et magistratus etiam inspectio- 
ncm ; Cic. / will but say my prayers, 
and then I will come to you; Deos sa- 
lutabo modo, postea ad te ; Plaut. 
What ails you but that you may do it ? 
quid impedit quo minus fiat ? 

IX. But, signifying saving, unless, 
or except, is rendered by exceptive 
particles, nisi, extra, praeter, praeter- 
quam : as, 

I will trust the money with nobody 
but himself; ego ipsi nisi nummum 
credam nemini ; Plaut. He was con- 
demned by all but one ; omnibus sen- 
tentiis praeter unam damnatus estj^ 
Cic. No body living ever touched me, 
but you ; extra unum te, mortalis ne- 
mo corpus corpore attigit ; Plaut. No 
body said so, but Cicero; nemo id 
dixit, prjeterquam Cicero. Whom we 
can see with no eyes, but those of the 
mind; quern nuUis nisi mentis oculis 
videre possumus; Cic. They declare 
that nothing is left to them, but the 
very ground itself; demonstrant sibi, 
praeter agri solum, nihil esse reliqui ; 
Caes. For those so great affairs I re- 
quire no reward, but the everlasting 
remembrance of that day; pro tantia 
rebus nullum posiulo pra?mium, prae- 
terquam illius diei memoriam sempiter- 
nam ; Cic. There ivas no kindred or 
relation there present, but the little 
female friend ; neque cognatus, extra 
amlculam, quisquam aderat; Ter. 

Note ; If no casual word immediately 
follow but, when it is used in this sense, 
then it is not rendered by extra or prae- 
ter, but only by nisi or praeterquam : 
e.g. in this English; There can be 


no friendship but amongst good men, 
the particle but cannot he rendered by 
extra or prseter, but by nisi or prsetei- 
quam : as, Niti [or pra;terquani] in bo- 
nis non potest esse amicitia; not extra, 
or privter in bonis. 

X. But, in most other" uses, is an 
adversative particle, and rendered by 
ast, ^t, atqui, autem, cseteruni, nisi, 
quod si, sin, sed, vero, verum, &c. : 

If you intend to stay in one place, 
expect frequent letters from us ; But 
send also more frequently to us ; tu si 
uno loco es futurus, crebras a nobis. li- 
teras expecta ; astplures etiam mittito ; 
Cic. What further is to be inquired? 
Was the thing done ? but that is evi- 
dent. By whom? hut tJmt is also 
known, 6fc. Quid porro quserendum 
est? Faclumne sit? at constat. A 
quo r at patet, &c. ; Cic. But we 
were then sensible of no vexation ; at- 
qui nullam sensiiuus turn vexationem ; 
Sen. But there is nothing more lovely 
to me than your duty and diligence ; 
mihi autera niliil amabilius officio tuo 
et diligeritia ; Cic. / know not, but 
that I have said so to nobody, iluit I 
certainly know; nescio, nisi me sie 
dixisbc nemini, id certo scio ; Ter. But 
if fortune threateji any mischievous ac- 
cident; sin aliqueni infandum casum 
fortuna niinatur ; Virg. He remem- 
bered not only lohatever he had done, 
but also whatever he had said ; omnia 
ejus non solum facta, sed etiam dicta, 
meminit ; Cic. A good and honest 
man indeed, but yet not so ivell edu- 
cated, as that — , ^c. ; vir bonus equi- 
dem, veruntam^n- non ita institutus, 
ut — , &c. ; Cic. He is about another 
business, although not with the same 
eagerness, but yet no less difficult ; ali- 
am rem aggreditur, non eadem asperi- 
tafe, cjeterum baud secus difficiiera ; 
Sal. But if he should once know that 
she were lost; quod si resciverit per- 
isse earn, &c. ; Ter. 

1. Nofe: Autera and vero are not 
to begin a sentence. 

2. Note: But is sometimes put for 
before, or before that, viz. tc/icn scarce, 
hardly, . /• some similar word, goes 
before it with a verb, and then it is 
rendered by cum, or dum, with'vh, as 
in these examples : 

Vix prior tumuUus- conticuerat, cum 
Scipio ab defessis jam vulneratisque re- 



centes integrosque alios accipere scala* 
jubet ; hardly was the former stir 
ended, but [i, e. before that'\ Scipio 
bade — ; Liv. Vix agmen extra muni- 
tiones processcrat, cum Gaili fiumen 
traubire non dubitabant ; C^s. ; no 
sooner was the army gone out of their 
camp, but the Gauls confidently under- 
took to pass over the river. Vix dum 
triclinio egressum confodi jussit ; he 
was scarcely gone out of the dining- 
room, but [i. e. before] he commanded 
him to be run through; Suet. Haec 
ego omnia vix dum jam coetu vestro 
dimisso comperi; your company was 
scarcely brokenup, but [i. e. before] — ; 

In these two the expressed participles 
may be resolved into a verb with cum : 

Vix triclinio egressuserat, cum confo- 
di eum jussit. Vix dimissus erat cajtus 
vester, cum jam ego haec omnia comperi. 

And so may the participle that is un- 
derstood in that : as, 
r The day after, when it was scarcely 
light, they began to surrender i postero 
die vix dum luce certa [sc. ente or ex- 
istente] deditio fieri cocpta ; Liv. Vix 
certa erat lux, cum deditio. 

Sometimes cum is expressed together 
with dum: as, 

I had scarcely read your letter. But 
Curtius came; vix dun) epistolain tuatn 
legeram, cum Curtius venit j Cic. The 
way was no sooner made open, but the 
fugitives rushed with violence through 
the gate ; vix dum satis patebat ik»r, 
cum perfugae certatim ruunt per portani ; 

Sometimes it is understood with it : 

I had scarcely spoken one half, But 
heunderstood; vix dum dimidium dixe- 
ram, int^llexerat ; Ter. i. e. Vix dum 
^ixeram, cum intellexerat.. 

Cicero u^es cou)raodum in this sense 
with cum. 

Commodum discesseras beri, cum 
Trebatius venit ; you were scarcely 
gone yesterday, But Trebatius came, 
Commodum ad te miseram Demeam, 
cum Klros ad me venit ; / had nosooj^er 
sent Demeas to you, but that Eros 
came to me. 

Some other phrases. 
He came But yesterday ; beri pri- 
mum venit. But a while since ; nuper 
admodum, non ita pridem. But just 




now ; nunc primum ; Cic. He is but 
jttst now gone ; jam nuper [or mini- 
iuum] est quod decessit. Not but that 
he had wit; non quod ei deesset in- 
genium ; Cic. This happens to none 
but a wtse man ; soli hoc contingit sa- 
pienti ; Cic. There is nothing but 
may be marred by ill telling ; nihil est 
quin male narrando possit depravarier j 
Ter, There were but tioo ways out; 
erant oranino itinera duo quibus exire 
possent ; Caes. Bat sparingly ; oninino 
modice j Cic. He did but lay him in 
irons; non ultra quara compedibus 
coercuit ; Sueton. There wanted but a 
little but he had struck him ; tantum 
non pcrcussit ; parum abfuit quin per- 
cuteret ; propius nihil est factum, quam 
ut, &c. The last but one; proximus a 
postremoj Cic. So may be said; a 
primo proximus j the first but one, 
i. e. the second, or next to the fii^st. 
Haec sunt a primisproxima vota meis; 
Ovid. There is none but knows ; nemo 
est qui nesciat ; Cic. They are forced 
to live on nothing but honey ; melle 
coguntur solo vivere; Val. Nobody 
but/; ego vero solus; Ter. To be 
commended with a but ; cum exceptione 
laudari ; Cic. There was nobody at 
home then but I; unus turn domi erara ; 
^ Plaut. He is nothing but skin and 
hone; ossa atque pellis tolus est; 

To BUY; emere, mercari. 

To BvY to sell again; proraercari. 

To Buy beforehand, or to buy • out 
of one's hands ; praemercari. 

To Buy and sell; mercari, nwndi- 
nari, negotiari. 

To Buy meat or victuals; opsonari, 

To Buy any thing; emere, mercari 
aliquid ; rebus contractis dare argen- 
lura ; solvere, persolvere pretium ; pre- 
tio, jere, pecunia, nuramo, argento, 
auro, aliquid acquirere, parare, compa- 
re re ; ex alieno suum facere. — Libra 
mercatus et aere est. 
, Things BovcHT at advantage ; pro- 
mercalia, -ium, n. 

Ion cannot Buy it, but at a very 
dear rate ; non "parabis nisi innnenso 
pretio. / am not for buying a pig in 
a poke ; ego spem pretio non enio ; 
Ter. He has not wherewith to buy a 
nalter ; non habet quo restim emat. 

To Buy of one that has not a right to 
sell; a malo auctore emere. To show 


he has a mind to buy ; digitum tollere. 

To Buy together; coemere, cora- 

To Buy again ; redimere. 

To Buy under the price or value ; 

To BvY often ; eraptare, emptitare. 

Communicaiion o/* Buying and sell- 
ing ; commercium, n. 

That maybe Bought; mercabilis,- 

It is good Buying tvith other men's 
money; scitum est periculum ex aliis 
facere tibi quod ex usu sit. 

To Buy with ready money ; Grseca 
fide mercari. To buy farms ; pecuni- 
am in praediis collocare. To make 
gain by buying farms ; pecunia in 
praediis locata quaestum facere. You 
have bought at too dear a rate ; ni- 
mio magno pretio conduxistis. I would 
not buy it for a straw ; ego ne culrao 
quidem emerem. 

You will not come up to the Buying 
price ; pretio fortassean deterreberis. 

/ hate bargained and Bought it ; 
transegi. Nobody will give me what 
I bought it for ; constitit pluris quam 
revendi potest. / bought none but 
these; has solas a raerca.tu sumpsi. 

Buy any thing else that is cheap ; 
aut si quid aliud parvo parabile. He 
would not buy it for a farthing ; vix 
semi-obolo emeret. You must come by 
it iy buying ; argenteo illic piscandum 
est hamo. You may buy any thing 
for money ; quidvis nummis praesenti- 
bus opta, Et veniet ; clausum possidet 
area Jovem. 

Either get it for love, or Buy it for 
money ; vel prece vel precio. You do 
not bid as if you meant to buy ; 
quid liceris, vel licitaris, cura nihil sis 
erapturus ? He gives too much that buys 
it for a farthing ; qui teruncio eiuerit, 
is nimio eraerit. 

Know what books are come, and 
what they may be Bought for; cog- 
nosce qui sint libri et quanti venales. / 
would not buy it for a fig's end ; fumi 
umbra non emerim. 

/ will not Buy, you sell too dear ; 
noneniam; nimio vcndis. Buy, /or i 
will sell as cheap as- can be ; erne, nii- 
nimo namque vendam. 

I. BY, before the original agent ot 
efficient cause, and signifying from, of, 
or out of, is rendered by a, ab, e, ex, 
and dc : as, 


He shall perceive nothing- By m£; e 
me nihil sciet j Plaut. He knows I 
HMi coming by the scent ; de odore ad- 
esse me scit ; Plaut. There was after - 
ward no less loss by the water, tluin 
by tJie enemies ; non minor ex aqua 
postea, quam ab hostibus clades ; Flor. 
IVeknow his mind by our own doings ; 
ejus anluiura de nostris factis noscimus j 
Plaut. 3Iost specious plays, but iiot 
agreeable to your genius, as I conjec- 
ture by my own ; ludi apparatissimi, 
sed non tui slomachi, conjecturara eniin 
facio de nieo ; Cic. 

Note : By signifying of (as of is 
used for concerning) is rendered only 
by de : cw, They do not yet know so 
much by themselves ; hoc illis de se 
nondum liquet ; Sen. Not a se, or e se. 
II. By, before the instrumental cause 
or means whereby or through which a 
thing is, is done, or comes to pass, is 
rendered by the ablative case without a 
preposition, or by the accusative case 
with per : as, 

He subdued him not By ai^ms, but 
by death ; non armis subegit, sed morte. 
You are a father to him by nature, I 
by counsel ; natura tu illi pater es, con- 
siliis ego ; Ter. It isno matter whether 
you do it by your proctor, or by your- 
self; nihil interest utrum per procura- 
torem agas, an per teipsum ; Cic. He 
will undo his father by his villany; 
per flagitium ad inopiam rediget pa- 
trera ; Ter. He said he would see his 
country by my means; meo beneficio 
patriam se visurum esse dixit ; Cic. To 
be broken by virtue; to be crushed by 
delay; frangi virtute ; comminui mora ; 
Flor. Ccesar being advei'tised by in- 
telligence, or a spy ; Caesar per indicem 
certior factus ; Caes. A father by a- 
doption ; per adoptionem pater ; Plin. 
That it might be evident, by the testi- 
mony of all men J that the commonwealth 
was presei^'ed hy my means; ut omnium 
testimonio per me renip. conservatam 
esse constaret ; Cic. 

Note : The ablative sometimes lias ab 
with it ; but that is, when not the in- 
strument, but the means are referred 
to : as,_ 

War often overthrows the insolent 
and insulting enemy By small means ; 
Mars saepe spoliantem hostem et exuU 
tantem evertit ab abjecto ; Cic. 

III. By, before the English of the 
participle of the present tense, is ren- 



dered by the gerund in do, or an abla- 
tive case put absolutely! as, 

Casar acquired glortj By giving; 
Caesar dando gloriara adeptus est ; Sal. 
The flame increases by moving the 
torch ; raota face crescit flamraa ; Ovid. / 
/ punish bad citizens by good govern- 
ment, and treachei'ous fnends by not 
trusting them; ulciscor malos cives 
rem p. bene gerendo, perfidos amicos, 
nihil credendo ; Cic. - 

IV. By, after verbs of taking, is ren- 
dered by an ablative case of the part 
taken hold qf : as, 

Who is this that takes we By the 
cloak ? quia me prehendit pallio ? 
Plaut. For if I had taken him hy tlie 
hand ; nam eum si manu prehendis- 
sem ; Cic. / have a wolf by tlie ears ; 
lupum auribus teneo ; Ter. Prov. And 
the d^ormed carcass was dragged forth 
by the feet; pedibusque informe ca- 
daver protrahitur ; Virg. 

V. By, after a passive verb or parti- 
ciple, is rendered either by the dative 
or the ablative of the agent , with a pre- 
position: as, 

He is not seen By any body ; nee 
cernitur uUi ; Virg. He is praised by 
some, he is blamed by otlters ; lauda- 
tur ab his, culpatur ab illis ; Hor. That 
fault was observed by none ; id vitium 
nuUi notaturaeratj Ovid. They do 
not know that these things are taught 
by them ; haec esse ab his praecepta ne- 
sciunt ; Cic. / am not understood by 
any body ; non intelligor uUi ; Ovid. 
/ thought these things had been heard 
by you ; haec ego audita tibi putaram ; 
Cic. Yet neither these could be read 
patiently by any body ; nee tamen ista 
iegi poterant patienter ab ullo ; Ovid. 
And when the fight was maintained 
constantly and stoutly by the enemies ; 
et cum ab hostibus constanter et non 
tiraide pugnaretur ; Caes. Contempt 
itself must ^^ contemned by him that 
resolves to be virtuous and honest ; ad 
honesta vadenti conteranendus est iste 
(al. ipse) conteraptus ; Sen. We tvill 
be helped by you, but even almost re- 
proached by others; abs te adjuvandi, 
abs aliis prope reprehendendi sumus ; 

Note 1 . By also after verbs passive 
may be rendered by per : as. 

Res agitur per (By) eosdera credi- 
tores ; Cic. Id assequitur, si per (by) 
praetores consule* creaatur ; Cic* 



Note 2. If the English passive be to 
he rendered by a Latin ntuter passive, 
or neuter signifying passively, then 
By tvill be to be rendered by the ab- 
lative with a preposition, as in the Eng- 
lish of these, or siinilar passages : 

A pr&ceptore vapulabis ; ab hoste 
venire; vjitus paivo pretio licet omni- 
bus ; niundus a se patitur; Cic. Ani- 
jna calcscit ab ipso spiritu ; Cic' A 
vento qi;i fuit unda tuiaet ; Ovid. Ni- 
hil est valentius a quo intereat ; Cic. 
Occidita forti, sicDii voluistis, Achille; 
Ovid. Dcxira occidit ipsa sua ; Virg. 

Yl. Bx, before proper n«w<;so/'place 
after verbs of motion, is eilher rendered 
by the ablative case of the word of 
plaice, or by an accusative with per, or 
prajier : as, 

I took my journey By Laodicea ; iter 
Laodicea faciebara ; Cic. He will go 
by Ticinuvu to the Bethyck province ; 
provinciain Bethycam per Tlcinuni est 
petiturus ; Plin. The fourth daij he 
went by Arbella to Tigris ; quarto die 
prajter Arbellam penetrat ad Tigrim; 
Curt. They had passed by Miletus; 
JMiieto traiiairant ; Curt. Pelopidas, 
when he marched by Thebes, took the 
castle ; Pelopidas cum iter faccret per 
Tliebas, arcem occupavit ; iEn)il. in 
Pelop. They directed their course by 
lliebes to Demetriits ; praeter Thebas 
Demetriauem cursura dirigebant ; Liv. 

Note 1. Per, properly denotes 
through J praeter,, beside j bvt we use 
hv for both. 

Note 2. Common wamcso/ place ad- 
mit of simitar construction with proper ; 
Seu terra, seu nictfi {by sea, or by land) 
obviam eundum hosti foret ; Liv. Pa- 
bulantur per viara ; Plaut. Prjeter ip- 
sum theatrum transeundum est ; Sear 
So; si secundum mare ad me ire cepis- 
set ; Cic. 

VII. By, before any person, part, 
thing, or place, proper or common, and 
intimating something to rest, and be, 
or to be doing, or done near it, is ren- 
dered by ad, apud, juxta, prope, prop- 
ter, secundum, and sub : as. 

He has gardens hard By Tiber ; ha- 
bet hortos ad Tiberim ; Cic. By Iiim 
sat Sulpitius; apuJ eum Sulpitius se- 
debat ; Cic. The maid stands by her 
fatlier ; juxta genitoiem astat virgo ; 
Virg. He sat down by the bank of the 
Anien ; prope ri pam Anienis consedit ; 
Cic. He lies down by the river's side ; 


propter aquae rivum procumbit ; Virg* . 
He received a wound in his head hard 
by his ear; vulnus accepit in capite se- 
cundum aurem ; Cic. By the town's 
side, hard by the town ; sub ipso oppi- 
du ; Gell. / studied not only by the in- 
struction of Aristophanes, but also of 
Cleanthes; non solum ad Aristophanis 
lucernam, sed eliam ad Cleanthis lucu- 
bravi ; Varro. He commands them to 
stay all night by, or at the water side; 
apud aquam noctem agitare jubet ; Sail. 
Jug. She flew low by the sea side ; 
humilis volataequora juxta; Virg. That 
youmay not only dwell near by me, but 
altogether with me ; ut non modo pro- 
pe me, sed plane mecum habitare pos- 
ses ; Cic. God himself is near by you ; 
prope est a te Deus ; Seu. Vulcan 
possessed the isles near by Sicily, which 
are callvd from him, the Vulcanian 
islands; Vulcanus tenuit insulas propter 
Siciliam, quae Vuicaniae appeliantur ; 
Cic. He sits or dwells near by you ; 
propter te sedet ; Cic. Some few 
guards of Jiorse were seen near by the 
river ; secundum fiumen paucae statio- 
ner equitura videbantur ; Css. There 
were monuments on sepulchres or graves ^ 
and by tkS way side, that passengers 
might know,S^c. ; monumenta in sepul- 
chris erant, et secundum viam, quo pras- 
tereuntes admonerentur, &:c. ; Varr. 
Such as I was, wlien I vamiuished -the 
first army near by Praneste itself; 
qualis eram, cum priniam aciem Pia;- 
neste sub ipsa stravi ; Virg. There is 
but little ground or land here near by 
the town; agelii est hie sub urbe pau- 
luluiu; Ter. 

Note 1. Ad is hardly, if ever, in 
this sense applied to person ; secundum 
rarely, and therefore to be sparingly 

Note 2. Juxta, prope, and propter, 
are used in this sense without any 

Furiarura maxima juxta Accubat ; 
Virg. Alterius gladium prope opposi- 
tum e vagina educit ; Cic. Eteaim 
propter est spelunca quaedam ; Ter. 

Note 3. So)n€ h 'ive used, secus with 
an accusative case in this sense: as 
Quintilian : 

Conductus est Coecus secus viam 
stare. So Pliny : Secus Ihivios. 

So some have used procul, as Virg. 
Etprocul illam Turba ferox juvenum te- 
lls coufixa procorum. And Ter, Quem 


cum istoc serraonem babueris, procul 
heic (as Pahnerius reads that which 
others read procul hinc) stans accepi : 
Out that is a thing to be observed only, 
and not followed. 

VIII. By, after a comparative de- 
gree, is rendered by the ablative case 
of the word which signifies the mea- 
sure of excess or dffect : al, 

The towers are higher than the wall 
By ten feet ; turres denis pedibus, 
quara moenia altiores sUnt; Curt. He 
is taller than you by afoot and a luilf; 
sesquipede est, quam tu longior ; Plaat. 
If a verse be pronouticed shorter or 
longer by one syllable ; si versus pro- 
uunciatus est syllaba una brevior aut 
longior ; Cic. Yet that other man 
is less vicious at least by one vice ; ille 
tamen alter uno vitio minus est vitiosus j 
Cic. By as much again greater ; al- 
tero tanto major j Liv, Greater or 
more by twi^fb as much ; duplo majus ; 
Cic. He bought the house by almost 
tlie half dearer than it was thought to 
be wm'th ; is emit domum prope dimi- 
dio carius quam ajstimabatur ; Cic. 
By how much the more difficult, by so 
much the more famous ; quo difficilius, 
hoc praeclarius; Cic. By how much 
the longer absent, by so much the more 
desired; quanto diutius abest, magis 
cupio tanto ; Tej. 

IX. By, in protesting, beseeching, 
swearing, and adjuring, is refidered by 
per ; as, 

J beseech you By the memory of my 
father ; per, te, parentis memoriara 
obtestor; Sen. I beseech you, by the 
immortal gods, have especial care of 
this ; incumbe, per deosimraortales, in 
earn curam ; Cic. The which I be- 
seech you by this nght hand ; quod 
ego per banc dextram oro ; Ter. I 
swear by Mercury that Jupiter does 
not believe, S^c. ; per Mercurium juro 
Jovem non credere, &c. Plaut. 

X. By, referring to authority, agree- 
ment, counsel, example, or event, and 
signifying according to, is rendered by 
de, or ex ; as. 

Reckon thus, that what I write to 
you is By his advice and authority; 
sic habeto, me de illius ad te senten- 
tia atque auctoritate scribere ; Cic. I 
knew presently that it was done by 
agreement ; scivi extemplo rem de 
coropacto geri J Plaut, Men will judge 



of your doing, not so much by your 
intent, as by the event; facti tui judi- 
cium non tam ex coiisilio tuo, quam ex 
eventu homines sunt facturi; Cic. 
That the money business may be settled 
or appointed by public or common con- 
sent ; ut res numraaria de communi 
sententia constitueretur ; Cic. It is 
built by the senate's authority ; aedifi- 
catur ex auctoritate senatus j Cic. To 
build by example ; de exemplo aedifi- 
care ; Plaut. We should soon see men 
judge of your counsel by the event; 
ex eventu homines de tuo consilio ex- 
istimaturos cito,videremus ; Cic. And 
being brought forth before the tribunal, 
he named the authors by agreement; 
productusque pro rostris auctores ex 
compacto nominabat ; Suet. 

Note : The preposition is not always 
necessarily to be expressed. 

XI. By reason, having of, with a ca- 
sual word following it, is rendered by 
per or propter : as, Nor indeed could 
she by reason of her age ; neque per 
aetatem etiam poterat ; Ter. / can 
make no camp by reason of the time of 
the year ; nee castra propter anni tern- 
pus facere possum j Cic. Neither could 
there be any thing done by reason of 
the seldom sitting of the senate; nee 
agi quicquam per infrequentiam pote- 
rat senatus; Liv. By reason of the 
sharpness of your wit, you perceive 
things that are most hidden ; propter 
acumen tuum occultissima perspicis. 
But if it have that with a verb follow- 
ing it, then it is rendered by propterea 
with quod, or quia : as. No agreement 
could be made, by reason that he was 
not content ; res convenire nullo modo 
poterat, propterea quod iste contenlus 
non erat ; Cic. So, I have made you, 
of a servant, my freeman, by reason 
that you did serve freely or ingenuous- 
ly ; feci ut e servo esses libertus mihi, 
propterea quod serviebas liberaliter ; 
Ter. That is a sad kind of comfort, 
by reason that they by whom that 
should be done, are the same way af- 
fected; genus hoc consolationis acer- 
bum est, propterea quia, per quos id 
fieri debet, ipsi pari modo afficiuntur j 

Ob, with a casiud word, and a pas- 
sive participle, may in this sense be 
used for By reason of, and for by rea- 
son that, Ob intenta Lepidae pericula ; 



by reason of the danger he had brought 
Lepidu into, or by reason tliat he had 
brought Lepida into danger ; Tacit. 

Note 1 . After the same manner are 
because of crnd because that rendered. 

Note2. PrcK metu, iia, gaudio.lachry- 
mis, &c. are better rendered for fear, 
anger, joy, tears, than by reason of 
anger, Sfc. but the sense is the same^ 
and the Latin very elegant. 

XII. By, with self, or selves, /oZ/ott;- 
ing it, is often put for ajone, and ren- 
dered by per, and solus : as, 

We will do the rest By ourselves ; 
rfeliqua per nos ageiuus j Cic. / shall 
sit down by myself, if he come not 
hither; ego decunibam solas, si ille 
hue non venit ; Plaut. / learned this 
by myself to say, God save you, Cce- 
sar ; hoc per me didici dicere, Cajsar, 
ave ; Mart. Beat them both in a 
mortar by themselves ; conterito in 
mortario per se utrumque ; Cato. To 
whom when k seemed more profitable 
to reign by himself than iviih another, 
he killed his brother; cui cum visum 
esset ulilius solum se, quam cum alte- 
ro, regnare, fratrem interemit ; Cic. 
-Ife took cognizance of capital things 
alone by himself; cognitioncs capita- 
Hum rerura, per se solus exercebat ; 
Liv. We are hei^e now alone by our- 
selves; soli nunc sumus hie ; Ter. Alsoy 
Hie nos sumus, i. e. solae ; Plaut. 

XIII. By and By signifies pre^ 
sently, instantly, forthwith, within a 
little while, and is rendered by jam, 
niox, illico, continuo, confestim, e vos- 
tiglo, ex continenti, exteniplo, protinus, 
&c. : as, 

I will be here By and By ; jam hie 
adero j Ter. I believe he will come by 
and by; credo ilium jam affuturum 
esse ; Ter. / will by and by return 
hither ; mox ego hue revertar ; I'er. 

XIV. By the way sometimes sig- 
nijies incidentally, by the by, not on set 
purpose, in passing, &c. and is ren- 
dered by obiter, in transitu, or transcur- 
su, &c. : as, 

That By the way I may avoid those 
Homer-scourges ; ut obiter caveara is- 
tos Homeromastigas ; Plin. / had 
lightly by the way touched those things 
in the fifth book; qua; libro quinto Ict 
viter in transcursu attigeram ; Quin. 
Those things our men luive handled by 
the way, but the Grecians someichut 


more diligently ; in transcursu ea atfi- 
gere nostri, paulo diligentius Grseci } 
Plin. And by the way, or by the by, 
he will read, or write, or sleep, within ; 
aique obiter leget, aut scribet, vel dor- 
miet intus ; Juv. But the nature of 
those things is not so simple as to be 
handled or discoursed of by the way^ 
or by the by ; eoruni autera non sim- 
plex natura, nee in transitu tractanda ; 
Quint. There are also, at this time, 
some very famous, but to be men- 
tio7ied only by the way, or by the by ; 
sunt etiamnum non ignobiles quidara, 
in transcursu tamen dicendi ; Plin. 

When By the way refers to any 
journey, or travelling j then it is most 
properly rendered by in via, itinere, per 
viam, &c. : as, 

The man confesses he had vitiated 
By force one, I know not whom, by the 
way ; homo se fatetur vi, in via,nescio 
quam, corapressisse ; Ter. We heard 
by the way that Pompey was departed 
from Brundusium; in itinere audivi- 
mus Pompeiura Brundusio profectum 
esse J Cic. They discoursed by the 
way ; fabulabantur per viara ; Plaut. 

XV. By, with its casual word, is 
sometimes to be rendered by an adverb 
in im : viz. 

1 . When manner of action is referred 
to: as, 

To do a thing Bv stealth; furtlm 
facere aliquid ; Cic. To come by de- 
grees to any place; gradatim aliquo 
pervenire ; Cic. 

2. When the casual word is re- 
peated with By, or some other particle 
betwei n : as, 

Street By street, all the servants* 
names are set down; vicatira onmes 
eo»5scribuntur ; Cic. He made a law 
to divide the land man by man ; lepeiu 
de agro viritim dividendo tulit ; Cic. 

A7id so also, to be affected with joy 
and grief By turns] item, gaudiuiu 
atque regritudinem altematini sequi. 
To conclude, we have by degrees at' 
tained to all your honors ; vestros de- 
nique honores, gradatim singulos sumus 
assecuti ; Cic. He (or she) pin^ or 
falls away as it were by drop and drop ; 
gutfatim contabescit ; Plaut. The se- 
dition by little and Utile gioning less 
and less ; dcflagrante paulatim seditio- 
ne ; 'J'ac. To arsicer to every thing 
one by one ; singulalim rei cuique re- 


spondere ; Cic. Clodius falling dovm 
at the feet qfthem all, one Jyy one ; ad 
omnium pedes sigillatim accidente Clo- 
dio ; Cic. He distributed to the peo- 
ple man by man forty acres of land ; 
quaterna dena agri jugera viiitira po- 
pulo divisit ; Plin. 

Hither may be refeired other ways 
of rendering By, with its casual word, 
when it is thus used : as. 

In vices ; By tunis ; Ovid. In sin- 
gulos dies ; day by day ; Cic. 

XVI. By, joined to a verb or -par- 
ticiple, often serues only to complete 
the sense of it, and lias nothing more to 
be rendered for it, than tlie Latin of 
the verb or participle : as, 

Money is every ivhere much set By ; 
plurinii passim fit pecunia. / was not 
^y j ^go non aftui ; Ter. They lay 
hy for their ships oaks half consumed 
by the flames ; flammisque amhesa re- 
ponunt Robora navigiis ; Virg. That 
I would not tell you whilst he was by ; 
i. e. present ; id ego hoc praesente tibi 
nolebam dicere ; Ter. He was by, or 
present, at that discourse ; ei sermoni 
is inlerfuit ; Cic. 

Some other phrases. 

I will get them both doum By night ; 
efFectiim hoc hodie reddam ulrumque ad 
vesperum ; Plant. By the liour's end, 
ten days' end; intra horam, decimum 
diem ; Liv. By this time twelvemonth ; 
ante annum elapsum. By the »pace of 
twenty years ; per viginti annos ; 
Quintil. By break of day ; cum prima 
luce ; diluculo ; Cic. 

By night ; per noctem, noctu ; Flor. 
Cic. By that time I shall have ended 
my years office ; ego jam annuuni mu- 
nus confecero ; Cic. By that he had 
ended his speech ; serraone vixdura fi- 
nite ; vix bene finierat, cum — . 

He is hard By ; praesto est ; Ter. 
He lodges hard by ; in proximo divor- 
titur'J Plaut. Be ruled by me; me 
audi; mihi ausculta ; Plaut. Methinks 
I may do it by my office ; pro mea 
auctoritate videor posse ; Cic. By this 
time I suppose she has got some one to 
be her friend ; arbitror jam esse ali- 
quem araicum ei ; Ter. I harehyme, 
i. e. ill my possession or power, a com- 
mendation of the man ; e^t in mani- 
bus viri laudatio ; Cic. To try pillars 
by a plumb-line ; ad perpendiculuni 
columnas exigere ; Cic. 

By weight ; ad pond us j Macrob. 



By the space of two furlongs ; per sta- 
dia duo J Plin. By the mother's side ; 
per raatrem ; materno ortu ; Ovid. 

By candle light ; de lucema ; Pe- 
tron. By moonlight; ad lanara ; Juv. 

By, of measure, after a compai'ativej 
a sign of the ablative : as, altior pede ; 
higher by a foot. By, of ylace, or 
near, (of rest,) prope, juxta, secus ; 
(of motion,) per, praeter. Hard by ; 
in proximo. By wliat place or way ? 
qua ? By some way or place ; aliqua. 

A thing By the by; accessorium. 
Day by day ; quotidie. To come by 
a thing; assequi, consequi, obtinere. 
By my faith ; raehercle. A hy-place ; 
recessus, latebra. A hy -way ; via de- 
via, diverticulum, A by-word; diver- 
bium, adagiura. 


To CALL ; vocare, appeliare, com- 
pellare, arcessere, vel arcessire ; citare. 

To Call by na,me ; nominare ; nan- 
cupare, compellare. 

To Call to account; ad quaestio- 
nem vocare, rationera exigere. 

To Call to mind or remembi'ance ; 
recolere secum, reminisci. 

To Call to witness; testari, ap- 
peliare ; testem laudare. 

To Call afar off; pro vocare. 

To Call after one ; inclamare. 

To Call again; re vocare. 

To Q At.!, aloud; exclamare. 

7\> Call (Wide; sevocare. 

To Call away ; avocare. 

To Call back ; revocare. 

To Call back or deny what one 
has said ; recantare, retractare, dene- 

To Call down; devocare. 

To Call for one ; arcessere, accer- 

To Call /or a thing; poscere. 

To Call for help ; implorare opcm. 

To Cai.1. forth; e vocare, excite. 

To Call in an order, laWy ^c. ; re- 
figere, abrogare, antiquare. 

To Call into court ; citare. 

To Call one off; dehortari. 

To Call often; vocitare, appelli- 
tare, clamitare. 

To Call over names, ^c. ; recen- 
sere, recitare. 

To Call to one; advQcare, acela- 



Xo Call together ; convocare. 

To Call up in a morning ; suscita- 
re, excitare, espergefacere. 

To Call up spirits ; ciere mane;. 

To Call upon God; invocareDeum. 

To Call upon a friend in one's 
way ; compellare, salutare de via. 

Can you Call it to mind ? nuraquid 
Hieministi ? Ter. I call to remembrance 
^wliat I said ; quid dixerim commemo- 
To ; Cic. Call to mindf remembrance ; 
redige ad meraoriam ; Ter. / cannot 
call if #0 mind now; mihi nunc non 
occurrit ; suppetit ; memoriae non est; 
Cic. Gell. Now I call to mind j jam 
redit in memoriara. 

Call Davus out hither; evocate 
hue Davum j Ter. He is gone to call 
the nurse; nutricem accersitum iit; 
Ter. Obstetricem accerso ; Ter. Call 
me thence ; inde me vocatote ; Plant. 

To sound a Call ; classicum canere. 
He will call you to an account ; ratio- 
nem de te repetet ; Cic. 

/ Call God to witness it ; id tester 
Decs ; Ter. Tliey called for our 
help ; opem et auxilium nostrum flagi- 
tarunt ; Flor. That which you call the 
chief good; id quod summum bonum 
dicitis ; Cic. So they called her ; illi 
id erat nomen ; Te». They called 
her by another name when she was 
little; fuit aliud huic parvae nomen; 
Ter. He calls him c^fter his own 
name ; sue dicit de nomine ; Virg. 
Thou callest almost every one by 
his name; prope omnes nomine ap- 
pellas ; Plin. Call m£ not by this 
name any more ; ne me isthoc posthac 
nomine appellassis; Ter. He shall be' 
called Venus' s grandson ; Veneris ne- 
pos audiet ; Apul, I call your coun- 
tenance to mind ; venit mihi in men- 
tem tui oris ; Cic* 

What do they Call you ? qui vo- 
care? Ter. 

They Call /or quarter; armis po- 
silis ad imperatorum fidem confugiunt ; 

To Call to be gone; conclamare 
vasa ; Caes. They are called to arms ; 
conclamatur ad arma ; Caes. 

To Call to mind or remember the 
chances of this life ; to think on the 
mutability of this world ; cogitare mu- 
tationes rerum humanarum. Intendite 
aniraos vestros, ipsi vobiscum consulite, 
inite consilia cum animis vestris, et 
quaa sit fortunse vicissitudo, quas rau- 


tatio, qui fluctus rerum humanarum, 
quam varia tempestate jactetur homi- 
num vita, cogitate, animadvertite, at- 
tendite, examinate, perpendite, cum 
ratione tanquani aequissima lance, dili- 
genter aestimate. 

A Calling or trade j order ^ state, or 
condition of life, Sfc. ; professio, ars, 
genus vitse ; vocatio, studium, ratio, 
institutum, cursus, consuetudo vitae ; 
artificium ; propositum, ordo, via vi- 

To follow his Calling or profession 
diligently ; officio suo satisfacere, non 
deesse ; sua munera indefesso labore 
exercere ; ex voc^tione praescripta mu- 
nera et officia facere ; munus suum 
obire, praestare ; partes suas exequi ; 
intra officii cancellos se continere ; res 
suas non indiiigenter tractare ; siii mu- 
neris administratione laborare ; in suo 
munere diligentiam omneni adhibere ; 
in suis rebus strenue operam dare, na- 

Be constant to and careful of your 
Calling and profession; provinciam, 
spartam, quara nactus es, orna. 

To Call incessantly for a thing ; 
fatigare : as, 

To Caj.1. for battle ; fatigare Martem. 
That may be Called back; revo- 

That cannot be Called back ; irre- 
vocabilis, adj. 

/ have Called till I am hoarse ; 
jamdudura raucesco clamore ; clama- 
tum est usque ad ravim. I call till I 
am out of breath ; anhelus clarao. He 
makes a noise and bellows like a mad 
bull, when he calls ; Arcadias pecuaria 
rudere credas, quum iste clamitat. 

/ CAME ; veni. He came ; venit, 
&c. See Come. 

They Cam^ to me; ad me aditum 
est ab illis. It came by chance ; for- 
tuito cecidit. It came into my mind ; 
subiit animum. 

How Came your name to be M^nce^ 
chemus? quomodo Menaschemi no- 
men factum est tibi ? How came that 
suspicion into your head 7 qui isthzec 
cecidit tibi suspicio ? This evil came 
of you ; hoc a te ortum est malum. How 
came this disease on you? unde con- 
traxisti morbuni ? Diseases came sud' 
denly on the country people ; in agres- 
tes ingruerunt morbi. 

Night Came on them while they 
were fighting ; interveuit nox illis prae- 

C A 

Ijantibus. Marcellus came upon them 
as they were making the fortifica- 
tions ; munientibus ipsis supervenit 
Marcellus ; Li v. 

He Came at length, or it tvas 
long before he came ; post longum tern- 
pus rediit. Aliquando, denique, de- 
mum, post diurnum tempus, longo teai- 
poris intervallo, cum temporis raultura 
abiisset, transacto jam multorum anno- 
rum spatio, rediit, revertit, reversus est, 
recepit se ad suos lares, patriam, cuna- 
bula, patrias sedes. 

Your talk Came to my ears ; sermo 
tuus ad me perlatus, Tuus ad me ser- 
mo per honestissimos perlatus est, tuum 
ad me sermonem detulerunt Homines 
honestissimi, mihisignificarunt, aperue- 
runt, narrarunt, ipsa mihi verba sua 
exposuerunt ; perlatus est, delatus, al- 
latus est ad me tuus de me sermo. 

A CAMP ; castra, praesidium. 

A standing Camp j stativa, £E. f. 
vel pi. n. 

To pitch the Camp j castrametari, 
castra metari. 

To pitch a Ca^p or tents; castra, 
tentoria figere, ponere, locare, collo- 
care, facere, habere ; signa defigere ; 
exercitus consedit ; stativa habere ; 
consedere eastris ; late loca milite com- 

The pitching of a Camp ; ca&trame- 

The master of a Camp ; praefectus 
castrorum. Of or belonging to a 
camp ; castrensis, adj. 

To remove {raise) /wsCamp ; castra 
movere ; Caes. His camp was like to 
be taken ; castris capi imminebat ; 
Flor. We Iiave our camp at the very 
gates ; nos ad portas castra haberaus ; 
Cic. / pitched my camp hai'd by the 
waUs ; ad murum castra posui ; Cic. 

The Camp was attacked ; adsuita- 
tum est castris. Others assaulted the 
camp ; alii castra adpugnarunt ; Tacit. 
To put forces in airay before a camp j 
legiones in acie pro castris constituere ; 
Cajs. They took our camp j nos cas- 
tris expulerunl ; Cjes. 

To raise works about his Camp; 
castra operibus raunire ; Caes. To 
guard the camp ; castra defendere j 

To raise or move his Camp or siege; 
movere, amovere, refigere castra, taber- 
nacula defendere ; Cags. Locum com- 
mutare, exercitum alio deducere, sol- 



vere obsidionem ; ab obsidione desis- 
tere ; oppugnationem remittere ; colli- 
gere papiliones, i, e. tentoria colligere. 

One that follows the Camp; ready 
to do any thing ; lixabundus, adj. 
And those that follow the camp ; lixae, 
calones. Lixa autera, ae, m. est, qui 
exercitum sequilur quaestus gratia ; unde 
a liguriendo qwaestu diet, vel quod cui 
extra ordinem railitiae sit, ei liceat quod 
libeat ; Fest. Vel a lixando, i. e, co- 
quendo cibos militibus ; ut sit sicut a 
scribo, scriba ; ita a lixo, lixa. 

/ CAN ; possum, queo, valeo ; poU 

/ Cannot; nequeo. 

To do what one Can j eniti, conari, 
dare operam. 

That Cannot ; impoteas, nescius, 

That is as like the sea as Can be ; 
id simillimum est pelago. 

Can you nerei' be satisfied? nun- 
quanine expleri potes ? Piaut. Do what 
you can to save my son; serva, quod 
in te est, filium ; Ter. I icill do tchat 
I can ; faciam ut potero ; Cic. Dabo 
in cam rem operam sedulam. What I 
can ; quantum in me erit j Cic. Quod 
potero ; Ter. Pro viribus j virili par- 
te; Cic. 

This is all that (thus much only) I 
Can promise ; tantum habeo polliceri ; 

You Cannot but know — ; sed te 
non prseterit — ; Cic. 

One Cannot tell which way it will 
go ; non intelligltur utro ierit ; Plin. 
He cannot tell which is which ; uter 
sit, non quit decemere ; Plaut. How 
can you tell ? qui scis ergo istuc ? Ter. 
quomodo id cognoscis ? 

It is more timn you — / — Can tell; 
nescias ; Ter. ignoro ; Mart. Haud 
scio, an ; Cic. Nobody can tell so 
well as you ; you can tell best of any ; 
tu es optimus testis ; Cic. They can 
tell when to take out honeycombs, by — ; 
eximendorum favorum signura sumunt, 
ex — . 

They Cannot sp^eak Greek ; Grsece 
nesciunt ; Cic. 

All I Can ; . quantum potero ; quam 
potero ; Cic. Ter. Every mxm mtist 
do all he can ; omnia facere om- 
nis debet ; Cic. Make all the haste 
you can ; quantum poteris festina ; 
Plaut. Quantum potes abi ; Ter. 

They Cav ill away with it; gravi- 



ter ferunt ; Ter. They can tell how to 
keep their distance ; in loco verentur ; 
Ter. Do ivhat you can to get it done; 
operam, ut fiat, da ; Ter. It can he 
no otherwise ; fieri aliter non potest ; 
Ter. It is as ill as it can he ; it can 
be no worse tlmn it is; pejoie res loco 
non potest esse ; Ter. 

Can you be quiet? potin' ut desi- 
nas ? Ter. / can find my brother no 
where; fratrem nusquam invenio gen- 
tium ; Ter. 

Cannot you hold your tongue? 
etiam taces ? Ter. There cannot be a 
sqfer course taken ; tliat is the safest 
course that can be ; id tutissimum est ; 

As soon as Can be ; primo quoque 
tempore. / will do what I can in that 
business ; faclam in earn rem operam 
sedulam ; faciam pro virlli parte in ea 
re. How can you tell unless you try ? 
qui scis, nisi periculura feceris ? Ter. 
Can it be so ? potestne fieri ? / can- 
not tell ; nescio. 

To CANCEL, blot, or rase; re- 
scindere, obliterare, inducere, deiere, 
refigere, antiquare, expungere. 

A Cancelling J litura, inductio, 
obliteratio, &c. 

To Cancel a law ; refigere, oblite- 
rare legem. 

To Cancel a will; testamentura, 
testamenti scripturam cancellare. 

To Cancel the will of the dead; 
▼oluntatem raortui rescindere j Cic. 

A CAP ; pileus, pileum. 

A little Cap ; pileolus, pileolum. 

A furred Cap ; capapellis. 

Does he think I will come with Cap 
in hand to him ? is sibi me supplicatu- 
rum putat ? Ter. 

Officith your Cap, boy ; aperi caput, 
puer. To cap verses; versibus alter- 
nis contendere ; V^irg. Certare repe- 
tendis versibus. 

To put a Cap on one^s head ; pileo- 
lum comis imponere ; Ovid. They go 
to the market (to be sold) with caps 
on their heads ; piieati venum eunt ; 
Gell. We may thank our caps for 
this ; nobis base pilea donant ; Pers. 
They save their heads with putting on 
fur caps on them ; caput his cudone 
ferino stat cautuin ; Sil. 

CARE or diligence ; cura, diligen- 
tia, sedulitas, studium. 

Care or regard; ratio, cura, 

Car£ orlieed; cautio. 


To have a Care or take heed ; ca* 

vere, attendere. 

To take Care, or be careful ; adhi- 
bere curam, accurare ; de re aliqua so- 
licitum esse ; anxie, vehementer labo- 
rare j assidue cogitare ; curam habere 
prsecipuam. Rem aliqiiam probe, se- 
dulo, diiigenter curare; rei alicujus ra- 
tionera diligentissime habere, tota 
mente, toto pectore, in curam aliquam 
incumbere ; in aliqua re cogitationes 
versare ; omne suum studium poncre ; 
omnes vigilias, curas, cogitationes con- 
figere j omnia studia, omnem operam, 
curam, industriam, cogitationem, men- 
tem denique omnem figere et locare ; 
haeret in animo meo assidua cogitatio 
de hac re ; erit mihi curae vel maximse; 
in hoc versantur ; hoc spectant, hue 
spectant curae, cogitationesque nieae. 

To take no Care; nihil pensi ha* 
here. To care little for a thing ; vili 
ffistimare. To be in great care; solH- 
citum esse, angi. To take care or give 
heed to ; attendere, accurare, advigi- 
lare, studere. 

/ perceive she Cares not for me ; 
ejus alienum esse a raeanimum seutio ; 
Ter. I have a care ; est mihi curae ; 
Ter. I loill have a care of that ; illud 
erit nobis curas ; Cic. 

/ will commit it to your Care ; 
committo et mando hoc tuse fidei; 
Ter. He has a care of his master} 
huic dominus curse est ; Ter. 

They did not Care /or one another; 
non amici fuerunt ; Gell. Wluit care- 
I? quid mea ? You must take cmg for 
them; iis consulendum est; Cic. / 
care not, so I but have her ; mea ni- 
hil refert, duiu potiar modo ; Ter. 

He Cares for nothing; otlosus ab 
animo ; Ter. People care much for 
that; id populus curat, scilicet ; 
Ter. Care must be taken ; cavendura 
est ; danda est opera ; adhibenda est 
cura ; Cic. 

/ Care not for your safety ; salu- 
tem tuam nihil raoror ; Plin. / care 
not for knowing; nihil moror scire ; 
Plant. Not to be cared for by his 
own ; suis contemptui esse ; Just. 

/ must luive a Care that — ; viden- 
dum est ne — J Ter. Mihi cautio est 
ne — ; Ter. 

A man mttst have a Care of that ; 
id videndum est viro; Cic. How 
little care I for it? Quam hoc non 
euro ? Cic. And we must have a spe- 


cial care to remember; sitque nobis 
antiquissimuni nieminisse. 

Nor have you any Care of your- 
self; neque te respicis ; Ter, So long 
he has a care ; tantisper cavet ; Ter. 

Where is there any Cake taken 
that--; ubi CHvetur, ne — ; Cic. For 
these things I take no great care ; tie 
his non ita valde (non raagnopere) la- 
boro ; Cic. 

To cast away Care ; memoriam do- 
loris abjicere ; Cic. There is sufficient 
care taken ; satis provisum est ; Cic. 
Theodoras cares not a pin; Theodori 
nihil interest ; Cic. 

Care must be taken that they be 
7iot killed with heat ; providendura ne 
propter aestum dispereant. 

To take Cahe for future time; the 
next age; alteri seculo prospicere; 

That he should have so little Care 
in a business of so great importance; 
tantamne rem tam negligenter agere ; 
I'er. We will take care of that ; cu- 
rabitur ; Ter. / entreat you to have a 
care of me; i. e. have regard to, or 
respect — ; peto a te ut mei rationem 
habere velis; Cic. 

We must take Care of our health ; 
habenda est ratio valetudinis ; Cic. 
What a deal of care Aas he brought on 
me ; magnam mihi injecit curam ; Ter. 
You have taken good care of yourself; 
te curasti molliter ; Ter. He cared 
for none but himself ; sibi vixit j sura- 
ptum fecit ; Ter. 

/ have had the Care of them ever 
since they were children ; ego istos 
usque a pueris curavi; Ter. To free 
from care ; cura levare ; Cic. He cares 
7iot to be troubled with much company; 
non videtur delectari turba. 

Let us divide this Care between us; 
partiamur inter nos hanc curam. That 
care shall be laid out in things worth 
knowing ; id in rebus cognitione dig- 
uis operae, curaeque ponetur ; Cic. To 
hate care taken of one ; curae esse ali- 
cui, cordi esse alicui. 

To Care /or, or regard a thing ; 
curare, aestiraare. 

To be much disquieted with Cares ; 
solicitudine, curis angi, distineri, dis- 
cruciari, contici, enecari. Excubare 
animo, nee partem ullara capere quie- 
tis. Solicitudine gravissima noctes at- 
que dies cruciari. Molestiarum mag- 
nitudiue, anxietate luulta, curarum 



acerbitate frangi. Molestiarum mole 
opprimi ; a^stu, curisque variis jactari, 
in diversa distrahi. Continua, perpe- 
tua niolestianira vicissitudine exagitari. 
Molestiis, curis multis, plurimis, inli^ 
nitis impediri, urgeri, iniplicari, dilace- 
rari, divelli, distrahi, detineri, conteri, 
involvi. Nullam diurnae vel nocturnae 
quietis partem sibi impertire. Cujus 
in vita nulla est intercapedo molestiac. 
Omnes in unum spectant, unus omnia 
gubernat; tottantisque molestiis disten- 
tus, districtus atque distractus est, ut 
respirare libere non possit ; ut sine cura 
ne punctura temporis respirare possit ; ut 
ne respirandi sit locus; ut liberum re- 
spirandi spacium vix habeat, vix repe- 
riat. — Magno, vario curarura fluctuat 
•aestu. Curis mordacibus uri. Pondere 
curarum ; curis ingentibusaeger. Tristes 
agitat mens anxia curas. — Mea perpe? 
tuis liquefiunt pectora curis. Vario 
turbidus aestu Angitur. — Multa fati- 
gant pondera curarum. — Patet in curas 
area lata. Cura— Te coquit et vexat 
sub pectore fixa. Quid a^ternis minO'» 
rem Consiliis anlmum fatigas ? Pectora 
sunt ipso turbidiora mari. Nee fruitur 
sorano, vigilantibus exqita curis. Ver- 
sare graves moesto sub pectore curas. 

I do not much CJare ; non magno- 
pere euro. 

What Care I for that? Quid mea 
refert ? 

A Care or regard of liberty or free- 
dom ; libertatis cura. Nihil aliud a 
communi libertate, nihil praeter com- 
munem quaesivi, curavi, secutus sum, 
spectavi; ad unam civium liberfatem 
raeas curas intendi, cogitationes retuli, 
studia contuli, prjeter communem li- 
bertatera proposita mihi nulla res fuit. 

/ ivill have a special Care both for 
your profit and honor; commoda et 
honor tuus curae tnihi sunt. Toto ani- 
mo de tuis commodis et ornamentis co- 
gito ; mihi tuus honor, et tuae fortunae 
etiam atque etiara curae sunt ; de utili- 
tate, ac laude tua aeque ac de meipso 
cogito ; ita cogito, ut nemo magis ; 
tarn cogito quara qui maxime. 

Careful or diligent; diligens, in- 
dustrius, sedulus, studiosus. 

Careful or heedful ; cautus, pro- 

Careful or pensive; anxius, soli^- 

/ am Careful over you, or my mind 
always runs upon you; curae mihi es. 



Nunquam de te non cogito ; nullum a 
me tempus prffitermittitur, de te tuis- 
que rebus cogitandi ; nunquam milii ex 
animo effluis, excidis, discedis ; tota 
mente in rerum tuarum curam incum- 
bo ; in te tuisque rebus animus meus 
perpetuo est; meae curab omnes in te 
sunt J te semper spectat animus meus ; 
meae cogitationes in te tuisque rebus 
consumuntur omnes. 

J am Caheful of your welfare^ or I 
am thinking of your profit, and devis- 
ing hoio to do you good ; curse' mihi tuee 
res' sunt. Toto animo de tuis commo- 
dis, ornamentisque cogito ; tuam utili- 
tatem assidue specto ; hsret in animo 
^meo, de tuis commodis assidua cogi- 
talio ; si quid e re tua est, id .maxime 
laboro ; tuae mihi res, tuae fortunae cu- 
rze vehemeuter sunt ; tuae rationes quid 
postulent, nunquam non attendo ; ora- 
nis n>ihi de te, tuisque commodis cogi- 
tatio est; tuam utilitatera meae spec- 
tant cogitationes omnes ; meas curas ad 
tuum commodura omnes contuli ; ani- 
mus meus in tua utilitate fixus et loca- 
tus est. 

To ease Cahies and troubles of 7. And 
tvilh music ; curis et angoribus Musa- 
rum, musicaa adhibere solatia. Ad 
strepitum citharati cessalam ducere cu- 
ram. Fide G^^llenia levare diris pec- 
tora solicitudinibus. 

To he Careful or much troubled ; 
angi, satagere, aesluare, laborare. Like. 
care is to he had of the public, us of 
your own private wealth; publica et 
privata ajque curanda. Debet unus- 
quisque suam voluntatem ad publicam 
causani aggregare ; rempublicam cu- 
rare, reipubiicae curationem habere ; 
reipublica; rationrbus consulere eo stu- 
dio debemus, quo rem nostram familia- 
rem, quo fortunas nostras, quo privata 
commoda (ueri, complecti, fovere so- 
lemus ; unusquisque seque publicam 
rem curet ac privatam. 

To keep my honor I Care not what 
loss I suffer ; dignitate Integra, for- 
tunab damna contemno. Si modo dig- 
nitas incolumis, adimi de fortuna, de- 
trahi de fortuna, fortunam comminui, 
fortunarum jacturam fieri, fortunje de- 
trimenta n«)n recuso, contemno, nihili 
duco, in minimis pono. '" - 

From a less Caue to a greater; 
ex. mlnore cui'a in gravem conjcctos. 
A tninore cura maximam ad solicitudi^ 
nem traductus sum ; curam equidem 


anlea sustinebam, ferendam taraen ; 
nunc solicitudine premor, quae ferri 
non possit ; hac solicitudine nihil gra- 
vius ; vincitur animus meus, planeque 
frangitur hac tam gravi solicitudine. 

Iliad great Care on me; gravem 
curam suscepi, gravis me excepit cura, 
gravis in me incubuit solicitudo ; acer- 
ba mihi invasit solicitudo. 

Put away Cares ; bono animo sis, 
esto. Animum recipe, releva. Ad in- 
genium redi. Solve curas. Ouiitte tris- 
titiam. Animus redeat. Virili prae- 
sentique sis animo. Ne time. Quid 
trepidas ? Dolorcm minue. Luctum 
absterge. Ejice animi anxietatem. De- 
pone, omitte solicitudinera. Ne te 
afflictes, crucies, excrucies, laceres. 
Quas te res solicitat, excruciat ? Quid 
tristises? Curas adime. Omnis eva- 
nescat dolor. Cura ex corde excidat. 
Valeant curae. 

Careless, or at ease ; securus, len- 
tus, otiosus. 

All my Care and trouble of mind is 
gone ; omni onere, pbndere curarum 
levata mens est. Evanuit dolor. Cura 
corde excidit. Depulsai curarum sunt 
nebulae. Mens reponit onus. — Sedatis 
requierunt pectora curis.—Oinnis corde 
resedit Tristitia, affixique animo ces- 
sere dolores. 

Careful of a fnend's business ; 
summara in amici rebus curam adhi- 
bere. Amici rebus sumujo studio, di- 
ligenter prospicere, invigilare. Omnes 
tufB res non minori mibi curae sunt 
quam meae. De te tuisque rebus ve- 
hementer solicitus sum. In cogitati- 
one curaque rerum tuarum totus sum, 
excubo animo, versor studiose. Re- 
rum tuarum cura nie maxime intentum 
habet. Quod praecjpis diligenter cu- 

Careless oi' negligent ; inconside- 
ratus, negligcns, improvidus. 

Carelessly, or negligently; se- 
cure, ncglectira, perfunctyrie, oscitan- 
ter, inconsiderate. 

Carelessness ; incuria, securitas, 
oscitatio, negligentia. 

To be Careless ,or negligent ; in 
otio considere parum de re solicitum. 
Oscitanter, iudiligenter, solute, disso- 
lute, incuriose, parum attente, parum 
considerate, supine, negligenter, ^ente 
omnia agere, gerere suas res. Nulla 
adhibitadiligentiasuas res administrare. 
Nulla de re solicitum, susque deque 

C A 

habere omnia. Omni cura, solicitu* 
dine, molestia vacuum in utio desidere. 
Quasi Lethaeo rore soporatum ; quasi 
de flumine Lethaeo biberit, ita rerum 
suarum oblivisci omnium. Omnem 
curam et solicitudinem reiuittere, de- 
ponere, abjicere. Secure, otioseque 
in utramque dormire aurem. Quasi 
veterno laboret,.ita nihil jueminit sua- 
rum rerum. Homo incuria et oscrtan- 
tia summa ; somnolentia et torpore mi- 
rabih* ; socordia segnitieque singulari, 
incredibili. Soluto, remisso esse am- 
mo. Temere prjeterire quod facto sit 
opus ; de rebus suis ut habeant se uiliil 
moratur, non magnopere laborat. 

/ have been Careless of my own 
advantage, I have not respected my 
profit; commodis meis non consului. 
Nullam hactenus utiiitatis raeae ratio- 
nem hahui ; nullam .rationibus meis 
operam dedi; de ulilitate minimum la 
boravi; utilitatem minime spectavi, cu- 
ravi, qusesivi, secutus sum ; nullum 
in utilitate studium posui, nihil indus- 
triae locavi, niJiil operae consumpsi ; 
diligentiam commodorurn meorura cau- 
sa nullam adhibui, ad res raeas nullam 
contuli ; res meas indiligcnter adminis- 
travi, tractavi. Quid essete re raea, in 
rem meain, quid ad vel in rem meam 
pertineret, faceret, conveniret j quid 
rebus meis prodesset, conducerfet, utile 
esset, Utilitatem atFerret, vile aestimavi. 

/ am Cakeless of any thing ; or I 
care not a straw for it ; omuia nihil fa- 
cio. Trahantur per me pedibus omnia, 
non laboro ; nihil me alficit, nihil me 
tangit y nulla re mo"veor, de quavis re 
susque deque fero, aeque omnia con- 
temno, fastidio, respuo ; nulla res apud 
rae pondus habetj nuUius momenti 
est, in pretio est, ne minimi quidem 

/ have been very Careless ; nullam 
operam dedi, non laboravi, minime 
spectavi, curavi, quaesivi, secutus sum ; 
nullum studium posui ; nihil industri«, 
operae locavi, posui ^ diligentiam nul- 
lam adhibui, cuntuli. 

Be Careful in doing; take some 
paiits, look to it, ^c; cura, age curam, 
habe curam, fac, dispone, evigila ; da 
operam, curae tibi sit; tua curatum 

To put or take away Care, thought, 
or sorrow ; liberare, exsolvere curis j 
finera curis imponere ; curas secludere, 



demere, deponere, dimittere, avertere ; 
uubes curarum pellere. 

Wine takes away Care ; cura abit, 
fugit, excedit, deserit, dilabitur, lentes- 
cit, diluitur, roero. 

/ Care not ; susque deque fero, 
habeo, in nullo discrimine pono ; aequi 
bonique facio, apud Ter, ^quo ani- 
rao sum ; nihil , laboro ; mea non re- 
fert j manum non verterim, moverim, 
etiamsi domus ruat j minime aestima- 
rim ; securus quonam res cadunt ; nt)a 
magni pendo. 

J Care not a pin for it ; illud noa 
emerim crepitu digitorum. 

This has taken away all Care and 
comfort from me ;- hoc mihi curas 
■cranes, omnia solatia ademit^ 

Great memories are vexed with 
Cares ; exedunt anlmos memores coa- 
ficiuntque curis. 

This makes me Careful ; hoc me 
solicitum habet. 

To vex and weary one with conti- 
nual Cares ; novis curis, solicitudine 
continua aliquem afficere, fatigare, cu- 
ris continuis alicujus animum excruci- 
are ; aliquem curis districtum tenere. 

This Care vexes tne ; h?ec me cura 
re\jiordet, angit, torquet, solicitat ; 
ha;c cura mentem excruciat. 

The mind is distracted with abun- 
dance of Cares ; in curas animus de- 
ducitur omnis ; solicitudinibus variis 
paene mens raea frangitur; curis undi- 
que districtus teneor ; lassus, cura con - 
fectus stupet animus ; Ter. 

To be quiet without Care or cares j 
curas rerum intennittere j Tac. Ora- 
nes curarum nubeculas pellere ; curas 
relaxare ; somno fallere, laxare curas ; 
Virg. Animum curis solvere, exsolvere; 
sepositis mentem componere curis , 
fessam curis abducere mentem. 

But now another Care troubles me ; 
jam nunc alia cura impendet pectori ; 

/ am as Careful of you and yours 
as of myself and mine ; omnes tuae res 
non minori mihi curae sunt, quam meae ; 
saluti tuaj, liberisque tuis summ'o cum 
studio prassto semper ero ; Cic. . 

To have a Care of another's -busi- 
ness ; alicujus rebus prospicere ; rati- 
onibus alicujus consulere. That care 
did then chiefiy trouble the Romans; 
ea turn cura maxime intentos habebat 
Romanos ; Liv, 




// any thing concern you, I am 
chiefly Careful of that ; si qmid e re 
tua est, id raaxinie laboro, 

I will be Carkful of what you 
command, because I am obliged to it ; 
.quod praecipis, diligenter (ut teneor) 

/nererCARXD so much as I ought 
for my own business ; nunquam spec- 
,tavi satis quid esset e re mea, in rem 

To be extremely Carzz^ss of any 
thing ; aliquid supine posthabere. 
The city was wholly careless ; veternus 
civitatem occupavit. 

To be Careless of the best and 
most profitable things, and careful of 
things pernicious and hurtful ; saluta- 
ria negligere, perniciosa consectari, 
utiiia despicere, salubria contemnere. 

We^nd by experience that if ice be 
but a little Careless, we arepresently 
ensnared ; videmus enira, si tantulura 
aniraos dejeceriinus, praesto esse insi- 

To lice Carelessly ; in diem vive- 
re ; non esse solicitura de crastino ; 

Who can be so Careless? quis 
tarn dissolute est animo ? 

It shall be our Care j noslrae partes 

Leave this to my Care; let me 
alone with this ; hoc mihj curse erit. 

How Careful should men he! 
quanto caverent studio ! 

A peck of troubles ; a pack of Cabzs; 
curarum sarcina. 

All the Care lies on my back ; om- 
ne onus in meos procumbit humeros. 

My chief Care was that — ; discus- 
sis aliis curis, cogitationem ego hue 
verti meara — . 

/ Care not for — ; non laboro de — . 

Take no Carb for that ; let not that 

trouble you — ; mitte banc de pectore 

curam ; Virg. You care not for me ; 

me plane negligis. 

/ am in much Care (or am puzzled") 
about — ; variis distringor curis. What 
care / for tliat; neque hoc ego mora- 
b^r admodum. Let this be your chief 
*care ; haec res tibi sit cordi. Do not 
you take any care ; do not make nor 
meddle ; never break your sleep for the 
matter ; lu fac in utramvis dormias 
aurem. / will take this care upon me ; 
ad me recipio provinciam. That is 


and shall be my chief care ; ilia mihi 
prima curarum est, et erit. Let him 
have a care of that — ; ipse viderit 
qui — , 

You must omit no possible Care ; 
oTnnis tibi movendus est lapis, ne — . 
Who cares for all that? id populus 
curet scilicet ; Ter. Have you a care 
of that ; tutcmct videris. / knew full 
well your care is as great ; tibi ajque 
magnae curze esse, eerto scio. 

/ am so full of Care ; curarum 
fluctibus inundor adeo. He has taken 
a special care ; inivit radoneni corarao- 
dissiraam. New cares arise ; emer- 
gunt novae anxietates. 

A special Care ; explorata et pro- 
visa ratio. 

Careless people; securi otiosique 
in utraraquc dormiunt aurcra. 

Idle fellows take Cake for their 
back and their belly, and for nothing 
else; osciiantes ac supini cuticulam 
curant, genio duntaxat indulgenles. 

To be idle and Careless ; in sinu, 
sub pallio, manum habere ; sedere 
compressis manibus. 

No body can be so Careless ; nemo 
tarn audacis est negligentiap. 

Supinely or stupidly Careless ; Le- 
thco rore, veterno, soporatus. 

He is alike Careless and negli- 
gent of all things whatsoever ; divina 
atque humana sunt illi proniiscua ; ni- 
hil pensi ncque moderati habet. 

What makes you so Cariless? 
Do you think that victory willfty dowk 
from heaven into your bosom, being 
asleep ? te quid supinat ? quid ? ere- < 
dis dormienti tibi in sinum de coelo 
devolaturam victoriam ? 

I had a special Care of that; or, 
that care was my chief business ; curre 
habui banc curam. 

To CAROUSE ; potitare, Gra?cari ; 
permultum, largius, intempcirantius, 
Gra?co more bibere, potare. Exhaurire, 
exsiccare ingentia pocula. Plenas vini 
amphoras ingurgitare. Majoribus, ca- 
pacibus poculis ; aequalibus haustibus 
certare, poscere, provocare, invitare, 
respondcre. Magnitudine poculorum * 
bibendoque decertare, concertare, con- 
tendere. Usque ad faeces potare. Po- 
tationibus, poculis indulgere. Flore 
Libyco se complere. — Multis urgere 
culullis. — Tnipiger hausit Spumantem 
pateram, et pleno se proluit auro. Noc- 




t\»mo certare mero, putere diumo. thither; illuc apes deferre cogitant; 
Certando plenos evacuare cados. Da- Cic. 

They will Carrt any weight you 
will lay on them; quicquid irapo- 
nas, vehunt ; Plaut. She should have 
been carried in a coa£h; illam in curru 
vehi (reportari) jus erat ; Cic. 

Tlie iiorse which Carried vie^ or 
To Carry by cart or water; vehere. which I rode on ; equus in quo vehe- 
~ " bar ; Cic. Let him be carried on a 

cere niulta pocula lunae. — Iramodico 
venas distendere laccho. Threicia 
vlcit amystide. Bacchi tibi sumimus 
haustus. Drink healths ; siccat inae- 
quales calices conviva sulutus legibus. 
To CARRY ; ferre, portare, gestare. 

To Carry, or behave himself; ge 
re re se. 

To Carry often ; vectare, vectitare, 
gestitare, portitare. 

To Carry water; lixarl. 

jTo Carry ttJood; Itgnari. 

To Carry on the shoulders ; baju- 

To Carry the day, cause, ifc. ; vin- 
cere, superiorera evadere j palmara re- 

To Carry about; cirQumvehere, 
circumferre. ' 

To Carry about with him; circum- 

I wilt Carry myself so in this of- 
Jice^that — ; sic me in hoc niagistratu 
gerara, ut — ; Cic. They carried thetn- 
selves «o, that — ; ita se gerebant, 
ut— ; Cic. How I shall carry my- 
self; quo pacto me gerara ; Cic. 

ic. jLet mm oe ca 
horse; vehaturequo; Ovid. 

He was Carried back by a chariot 
and horses; equis et curru reportatus 
est ; Cic. 

To Carry on one^s back, neck, 
shoulders ; reportare dorso, collo, hu- 

To Carry back the good-will qfhis 
province, glory from his proconsulship, 
esteem from his enemies ; reportare be- 
nevolentiani de provincia, gloriam ex 
proconsulatu, laudera ex hostibus ; 
Cic. Plin. 

It is but the other day almost stTice 
I Carried him in my arms; qnem 
ego modo puerum tantillum in manibus 
gestavi meis; Ter. Carried a long 
way about ; longis acti erroribus ; Pa- 

He is Carried oil by hisi}wn de- 

Hare you carried yourself so, that — ? sire ; sua cupiditate impellitur ; Cic 

itane parasti, ut — ? Ter, So to carry 
himself, that — ; sic se adhibere, ut — j 
Cic. Quint. 

Where are you Carrying that 
boy ? quo portas puerum ? Ter. 

Unused to Carry burdens; insueti 
ad onera portanda ; C;bs. 

To Carry over the sea to sell; 
trans mare (aequora) venum asportare ; 
Plaut. Claud. 

They were Carried away to Rome ; 
asportata sunt Romam / Cic. Will he 
carry her away ? an illam hinc ab- 
ducet ? Ter. 

To Carry a thing closely ; occulte 
ferre ; Ter. 

To be Carried straight down; dl- 
recte deorsum ferri ; Cic. 

They shall not Carry it so ; inul- praetendere. 

To Carry one^s deinands to ano- 
ther ; alicujus ad aliquem postulata 
deferre ; C«s. 

Carried away by the strength of 
the river ; vi fluminis abreptus ; Cees. 

-4s he used always to Carry things 
with a brace mind; ut era:t corde scal- 
per infracto et alacri. 

To Carry i»; invehere, iuvectare, 
inferre, importare. 

To Carry with himself; ducere, 
trahere secum. 

To Carry away; avehere, auferre, 
abducere, asportare. 

To Carry away by force; rapere, 

To Carry back; referre, reportare. 
To carry before ; praeferre, praivehere, 

turn id nunquara auferent ; baud sic 
auferent; Ter. 

They are Carried with full sails; 
passis velis pervehuntur ; Cic. 

What answer shall I Carry /rom 
you? quid nunc renuntiem abs te re- 
sponsura ? Ter. 

They think to Carry their wealth 

To Carry beyond or by ; pragterve- 
here, praeterferre. 

To Carry down, or along; deve- 
here. To cany forth or far off; pro- 
vthere, proferre. 

To Carry from one to another; 

To Carry in doors; intro auferre 



ToCABRYotJer; transferre, trans- 
vehere, transportare, trajicere. 

To Carky out or forth ; evehere, 
exportare, efFerre, egerere. 

To Cakry to a place ; advehere. 
To Carry to andfro ; transvchere. 
To Carry together; congerere, 
confenre, comportare. 

To Carry up; subvehere, suppor- 

A ship for Carriage j navis vecto- 
ria, oneraria. 

A Carrier or hearer; bajulus, 
gestator, gerulus, 

A Carrier's horse ; jumentum. 

A Carrier o/" letters; tabellarius, 

Carriage of a man's self, or beha- 
riour; mores, vita, vitae consuetudo, 
<oiRpositio, sui conformatio ; vitse, 
vestis, vjctus, actionum ordo. 

He Carri-es fire in one hand, and 
water in the other ; altera mana fert 
aquam, altera ignem. 

They Carry two faces under one 
hood ; utrosque parietes linunt. 

He will Carry his mark to the 
grave ; quam diu vixerit habebit sljg- 
iiiam, T)ec illam nisi Orcus delebit. 

To Carp.y coals to Newcastle ; Al- 
tinoo poiT'.a dare. 

A CASE, or condition ; status. 

A Case, or question ; quastio, hy- 

A Case in law ; causa. 

A Casz to put any thing in; locu- 
1x18, capsa, theca,-{B, f. 

Our Cases are alike; res nostras si- 

Were you in my Case ; tu si hie 
sis ; Tcr. If it wen my case ; si ego 
in islhoc siem loco ; Plaut, 

It is a tried Case; acta res est; 
Ter. Actum, quod aiunt, ne agas ; 
'J'er. It is a plain case ; res in medio 
est, apparet ; res ipsa iadicat ; Ter. 

-45 the Case stands now; in hoc 
rerum statu ; e re nata ; quomodo nunc 
pst ; Ter. Cic. Ut quidem nunc est ; 
Cic. You see how the case stands; 
videtis quo in loco res hagc sit ; Ter, 
If the case be so ; si sic sit ; Ter. So 
stands the case ; sic res est ; sic se ha- 
bet ; ejusmodi est ; Ter. Cic. To ar- 
gue the case pi'o and con. ; nianum con- 
serere ; in contrarias partes disserere ; 
Gel). Cic. 

/ thought it a very hard Case ; du- 


rum admodom mihi videbaturj Ckt 
You are every whit in as bad a case j 
in eadem es nave, causa ; Cic. Cjes. 
In very good case ; perbono loco res 
est; Cic. As if it were their own 
case ; quasi sua res agatur ; Cic. The 
case is nst the same ; dissimilis ralia 
est ; alia causa est ; Cic. The case is 
altered; mutatio fit; Ter. Mutata 
ratio est ; Cic. Now the case is plain; 
nunc verum palara est ; Ter. 

He says it is not right that I should 
meddle in (with) thai Case ; negat 
recte fuisse me causam istam attinge- 
re; Cic. 

A Case of conscience ; casus de fide, 
quapstio de fide, casus conscientice, con- 
troversia de religione. 

In no Case ; haudquaquam. 

Alteratio7i of state, another eondi- 
tion, or the Case is altered or changed ; 
mutatio rationis. Diversa nunc mea 
ratio est, non eadem est ; imniutata 
est ratio rerummearum ; alius estrerum 
mearum status ; aliter se me res ha- 
bent, non codem loco sunt. 

Make it your oicn Case ; quid mihi 
nunc auimi sit ad teipsum refer : tu si 
istbic esses baud aliter sentias ; fingite 
modo animis, vobis ejusmodi sortem 

As the Cash." then stood ; ut se for- 
tuna dederat; e re nata melius fieri 
non potuit. Item pro re rata, &c. 
In eo rerum articulo, in eo casu, ut se 
res habuit. 

In good Case ; bene, belle, pulchre. 

To Case ; ininiittere capss. 

In good Case for flesh; pinguis, ni- 
tidus, bene curata cute ; — for estate^ 
beatus. To be in good case ; belle se 

To CAST ; jacere, conjicere. 

To Cast a dart ; jaculari, vibrare, 

To Cast a bowl, See. ; mittere glo- 

To Cast accounts ; computare, ra- 
tiones subducere. 

To Cast one's clothes; projicere, 

C AST -clothes ; exuviae, veteramenla. 

I have Cast .a block in his way ; in- 
jeci scrupulura homini ; Ter. 

He has Cast off all goodness ; vir- 
tuti nuncium remisit, bellum indixit; 

He Casts up his accounts ; rationei 


tolligit, conficit, computat, subducit ; 
PJaiit. Cic. 

To be Cast in one's suit ; lite, cau- 
sa cadere > causam perderej dainnarij 
Ter. Cic. Plaut. 

He maxj perhaps Cast us off; forsi- 
tan nos rejiciat; Ter. 

Why do ijou go about to Cast away 
yourself? cur te is perditum ? Ter. 

He wilfully Casts himself away ; 
prudens, sciens, vivus vidensque perit ; 

It teas at the last Cast ; res erat in 
extremum discrimen adducta ; Cic. Ad 
extrema perventum est ; Curt. 

To Cast away care, all remembrance 
iff grief ; inemoriam doloris abjicere; 
Cic. He cast his helmet at their feet; 
galeam ante pedes projecit ; Virg. 
The sea daily cast up the spoils upon 
the shore ; spolia in rlpam assidue re- 
vomebant ; Flor. What was left he 
cast out of the cup ; reliquum e pocu- 
lo ejecit ; Cic. 

That he could not be Cast out of 
the town ; ut ex oppido ejici non pos- 
set ; Hirt. If we but cast our eyes 
never so. little down ; si tantalum ocu- 
ios dejecerimus ; Cic. 

It is not long since he Cast his 
teeth ; illi baud diu est cum dentes ex- 
ciderunt ; Plant. 

A winning, lucky, Cast ; jactus pro- 
nus, plenus, senio, v6nus, cons. A 
lositig cast ; jactus supinus, inanis, ca- 
ms, canicula, chius. 

To Cast accounts with a pen ; scri- 
bendo conficere rationes. 

/ have no luck in my Cast j nae ego 
homo sum infelix ; Ter, 

They Cast themselves down the wall, 
into the river ; de muro se dejecerunt j 
sein flumen praecJpitaverunt ; Caes. 

To Cast into prison ; in vincula 
conjicere ; Caes. To cast himself down 
to the ground; in solum se stemere 

To Cast darts at one ; dirigere spi- 
cula in aliquem. He cast the dart into 
the flj)«n air ; aethereas telum contorsit 
in auras. 

To Cast away ; abjicere, depel- 
lere, rejicere, projicere, procul amo- 

To Cast his eyes; oculos conjicere, 

One that has a Cast in his eye; 



To Cast lots ; sortiri. 

To Cast metal; confiare, fundere. 

To Cast a mist before one's eyes ; 
nubem objicere, ofFundere caliginem. 

To Cast one's nativity ; horoscopum 
ad calculos vocare. 

To Cast a prisoner at the bar ; con- 

To Cast his rider; excutere sessc- 

The snake Casts her skin; exuit 
anguis pellem seu senectaro. 

To Cast a smell ; afflare odorem. 

To Cast her young ; abortiri, abor- 
tum facere, abigere partum. 

To Cast abi'oad ; expandere, dis- 

To Cast about ; circumjicere. 

To Cast about or consider; consi- 
derate, deliberare, versare animum. 

To Cast aside; rejicere. 

To Cast himself away; illudere 
vitam suam. 

Cast away at sea ; naufragus. 

To Cast back; rejicere. To cast 
back his eyes; reflectere oculos. 2> 
cast behind one's back ; a tergo reji- 

To Cast between ; interjicere. 

To Cast down ; dejicere, deturbare, 
demoliri. To cast down his eyes ; de- 
raittere vultum. 

To Cast forth; projicere, eraittere, 

To Cast headlong; praecipitem dare, 

To Cast in ; injicere, ingerere. 

To Cast in one's mind; anirno re- 
volvere, secum recolere, recogitare. 

To Cast in prison ; in carcerem con- 
jicere, compingere. 

To Cast into form ; in formam redi- 

To Cast into a dead sleep ; conso- 

To Cast off; rejicere, abdicate, re- 

To Cast out; ejicere, exigere, ex- 
pellere, • 

To Cast out of company ; exlermi- 
nare e consortio. 

To Cast to and fro ; agitare, ultro 
citroque jactare. 

To Cast underfoot ; pessundare. 

To Cast up a reckoning; colligere 

To Cast up his eyes; erigere oculos. 
To cast up a vapor ; exhalare, evapo- 



Tare. To cast up a bank of earth ; ag- 
gerere. To cast up a heap ; acervare, 

To Cast the fault on one; transferre 
crimen, trajicere culpam in aliquem. 
To he Cast in law ; causa cadere. 
A Cast (at dice); jactus. A 
losing cast ; jactus supinus. A win- 
ning cast ; jactus plenus, or, pronus. 

The gates Cast off the hooks; pos- 
tes emoti cardine. 

To Cast in one's teeth, or to upbraid ; 
exprobrare, objicere ; objicere culpam, 
improbare, increpare, objectare ; ingra- 
titudinis dicam alicui scribere, lefricare 
ulcus, probrum objicere, criminari. 

We will Cast a mist before his eyes ; 
glaucomam ob oculos objicieraus. 
To CATCH ; rapere, airipere. 
To Catch, or overtake one ; assequi, 

To Catch, or lay hold of ; prehen- 

To Catch in a net; irretire, illaque- 

To Catch birds ; aucupari. 
To Catch hastily or greedily ; cap. 
tare, raptare. 

To Catch as Jire does ; concipere 

To Catch a cold, an ague ; frlgore, 
febre corripi. 

To Catch the distemper, or the 
plague; afflari peste. 

To Catch at ; appetere, anniti, pren- 
sare, caplare. 

To Catch before another ; praeripe- 
. To Catch up ; corripere. 

A Catch or song ; cantilena, canti- 
xincula alternatoria. 

Caught with a sudden shower ; su- 
bito imbre oppressus ; Varr. 

The girl was Caught, and carried 
away from Attica ; puella ex Attica 
abrepta est ; Ter. 

Why do you Catch me, or lie at 

catch for me ? quid me captas ? Plaut. 

Catch me in a lie and hang me; si 

quidquam mentitum invenies, occidito j 


You have got a great Catch of it ; 
spolia ampla referlis ; Virg. 

He kills all he Catches ; quos de- 
prehendit, interficit ; Caes. 

To CATER ; opsonare, opsonari, 
seu obsonare,-ri, &c. 

A Catbbeb, or provider of victuals; 


opsonator, structor annonsE. 

Tliey are not Catek-cousitis; ira 
inter eos intercessit. 

Cates ; obsonia, pi. n. ; dapes, pi. j 
cibi delicati. 

/ will be Caterer ; ego opsona- 
bo ; Plaut. To cater /or dinner; op- 
sonare prandium ; Plaut. I lutte ca- 
tered for supper ; ccensB opsonavi ; 

To CAUSE, or make; facere, effi- 
cere, causare. 

To Cause, or procure; concitare, 
creare, parare, gignere, parere. 

To Cavse sorrow ; inferre dolorem. 
To Cause sleep, love, S^c. ; concili- 
are, parere. 

To Cause trouble ; ciere, concitare 

A Cause, or occasion ; causa, occa- 
sio, gratia. 

A Cause, or reason ; causa, ratio. 
A Cause, or action at laic ; dica, 

The chi(f Cause or original of a 
thing; origo, initium, fons. 

For good Cause, or reason ; hoc 
non temere, injuria, imraerito; sed jure, 
jure optimo, justis, justissimis, gravis- 
simis de causis factum est. Optimo 
consilio feci. Causae me graves impu- 

For what Cause ? cur ? quamob- 
rem ? quo nomine ? 

For that Cause ; ergo, ideo, idcirco, 

For many Causes ; multis nomini- 
bus ; causis plurimis. It is not with- 
out cause ; non temere est ; Ter. 

/ will give you Cause to remember 
me; faciam ut mei meraineris; Ter. 

/ have no Cause to be angry ; nihil 
est quod succenseam ; Ter. And not 
without cause ; nee injuria ; Cic. 

He sees the beginnings and Causes 
of things; principia et causas terum 
videt ; Cic. 

You wiU find yon blamed me with- 
out Cause ; me abs te immerito esse 
accusatum rescisces j Ter. 

They will have Cause to rejoice 
aftei-wards ; fiet, ut postmodo gaude- 
ant ; Liv. 

For so small a Cause ; tantula de 
causa ; Cic. 

Do not give Cause for any to 
think — ; noli committer^, ut quisquam 
putet — ; Cic. 



For this Cause, tJiat-—; co nomine, 
ut— 3 Cic. 

/ see no Cause why you should 
commend me so ; ego nihil reperio, 
quam ob rem tantopere lauder ; Ter. 

I see no Cavs% why you should hope ; 
qua causa spares non video. Non vi- 
deo cur speres, quare, quamobrera, qua 
causa, qua de causa, quam ob causam, 
tjua ratione adductus, qua commotus 
causa, quo impulsus argumento ; quee 
te ratio, quid rationis in banc spem ad- 
duxit, irapulit; cumin banc spem ve- 
nisti, quam rationem secutus es, quaa te 
duxit, aut bortata spes est, quid efFecit 
ut sperares ? tuae spei causam ignorare 
me confiteor ; spei tuae causa me latet, 
praeterit, fugit ; mihi quidem aperta, 
perspicua, manifesta, satis clara non 
est ; perobscura apud me est, explorata 
mihi non est ; obscuritatis apud me lia- 
bet plurimum. 

Tlie Cause, author, or beginning of 
aVL evil ; auctor mali. Tu horum ma- 
lorum causa, tu fons, et origo ; tu tan- 
tas malorura faces incendisti ; tu horuin 
malorum initium attulisti ; tu hsec mala 
peperlsti, haec mala excitasti ; actor 
liorura malorum prseter te nemo fuit ; 
a te fluxerunt hjec mala, haec incom- 
moda, calamitates, acerbitates, infortu- 
iiia, darana, detrimenta, pemicies, exi- 
tiura, rerum eversio ; horum malorum 
fiulpam sustines ; horum in te malorum 
culpa conferenda est omnis ; hajc tibi 
sunt ascribenda, assignanda ; has ca- 
lamitates uni tibi acceptas referre debe- 
mus ; tuO beneficio vivit haic pestis. 

My Cause was overthrown by 
cluince ; casu causa cecidi. Ut causa 
ceciderira, litem pevdiderim, evenit, ob- 
venit, contigit, obtigit, accidit, factum 
est, casu factum est, casus tulit, fortu- 
na fecit, fortunes placuit. 

What Cause have you to despair? 
quid est quare desperes ? 

Tfte Cause went on our side ; nostra 
omnis lis est. He has lost his cause ; 
causa cecidit. 

The length of the war, S^c. which 
has been the Cause of all impiety and 
licentiousness; belli diuturnitas, &c. 
quae omnis impietatis et licentiae fe- 
nestram aperuit. 

But they' hate been the Cause of 
this mischief to themselves ; sed ipsi 
lioc malum sibi conflaverunt. 

Tli£y will Cause themto be punished 



by death; eos curabunt morte mulctari. 

His avarice put me on that wretched 
Cause ; ejus avaritia me in banc per- 
ditam causam iraposuit. 

The love of viewing the country was 
the Cause of their coming hither; a- 
raor perlustrandi regionesin locos hosce 

But who can deny but tliat he was 
a great helping Cause to that thing ? 
quis autem inficietur hunc, earn ad rem, 
plurimum adjuraenti attulisse ? 

The exceeding great rigor or fierce- 
ness of the generals, or chief captains, 
had been the Cause that the Roman 
commonwealth was brought into such a 
condition, that, 8^c, ; nimia superiorura 
ducum ferocia in talem statum rem Ro- 
raanara deduxerat, ut, &c. It icas easy 
to be known what strong desire of re- 
venge the remembrance of his father's 
death would be the cause of; facile 
cognitu erat, quantas faces, quam ve- 
hementes ardores ulciscendi, allatura 
esset paternsB mortis recordatio. 

A Cause, reason, an occasion, or 
means, 8fc.; res, causa, negolium. Gra- 
tia, apud antiquos, pro causa poneba- 
tur : Unde fluxerunt honorationes, mea 
vel tua gratia, i. e. pro mea vel tua 
causa> in ablativo tantum; nupti- 
arum gratia, apud Ter. Nomina 
saepe pro causis vel negotiis a Cicerone 
poni invenias ; cum tot ibi nominibus 
acceptura Curtii referent j ergo adver- 
bium, ultima circumflexa, ponitur pro 
causa €j/€/co. Virg. in6. .(Eneid. illius 
ergo veniraus ; peregrinationis ergo j 
virtutis ergo, for virtue's sake. 

To declare the Cause wherefore; 
rationem reddere ; Cic. Quod cur fac- 
tum sit ratio probabilis reddi possit. 

/ have Cause to rejoice ; est quod 

Can any man shoio me a Cause or 
reason why — ? potest aliquid causai 
divinari — ? 

There is no reason or Cause j nihil 
est causae. 

The Cause of my now writing is — ; 
harum ad te literanim occasio est — . 

They never inquire into the true 
Cause ; totius negotii caput et fon- 
tem ignorant. 

This is the Cause or reason; hoc 
causae est. 

We come for his sake or Cause ', 
ilUus ergo venimus. 



Ih which regard, or, for whose 
. Causk ; quo nomine. 

Without giving a Cause, or say- 
ing why ^ or wherefore; indicta causa. 

His negligence is the Cause of his 
pain; negligentise suaj ergo vapulat. 

/ gave him no Cause to be angry ; 
is praeter nieritura succenset nieurn. 

To give up the Cause, to quit claim ; 
vadinionium deserere. 

/ am sorry I was the Cause qfyour 
sorrow; ex me doluisse te doleo. 

Here lies the weight of the Cause j 
in hoc pendet rerum cardine. 

Upon the same grounds, pretence, or 
Cause ; eodem colore. 

For three especial Causes ; tribus 
potisbimum de causis. 

Foi' no Cause at all ; nulla certe 

lean give no Cause or reason why ; 
nee possum dicere quare. 

They gave him no Cause; nulla ab 
iis provocatus injuria. 

Good Cause why ; baud minima de 

To CEASE ; cessare, desinere, de- 
sisiere, supersedere : inceptura, incep- 
tum opus ; rem inchoatam, propositam 
sistere, dimittere, intermittere, mittere, 
omittere, deponere, in medio relinquere, 
suspendere. Incepto desistere, super- 
sedere. Ab ineepto sistere. Desinere, 
conquiescere, considere ; operae suae, 
labori parcere. Ultra, ulterius non pro- 
gredi. Rejicere in aliud tempus. Fi- 
iiem moduuique ad tempus ponere, fa- 
cere. Anchorara jacere. Receptui 
canere. Manum de tabula tollere. Stu- 
dia remittere. Rem imperfectam, in 
suspense relinquere. Incepto desistere. 
Sistere opus praesens. Intermittere la- 
bore. Ludum incidere. Cursum sis- 
tere. Gressum coraprimere. 

Kingly government Ceased at A- 
thens ; Athenae sub regibus esse desie- 
runt; Paterc. 

The work Ceases ; cessat opus ; 

He Ceases not from backbiting me ; 
non cessat de nobis detrahere ; Cic 

The work was forced to Cease for a 
while; opus neccssario intenuittebatur; 

To Cease, or leave off for a while ; 
facere intermissionem j Cic. Intermit- 
tere J in medio rem relinquere, suspen- 
dere rem, differre in aliud tempus ; 


in suspense relinqui, et relinquere } 
apud Plin. Anchoram jacere. 

SfoCEASE/rfem the revenge which he 
was Meditating ; supersedere a vindicta 
seu ultione, quam parabat. 

To CELEBRATE j ceiebrare, con- 

To Cevebu ATE a festival; celebrare 
festos dies ; — a birth-day ; na tales 
celebrare ; Hor. 

To lend one's hoiise for tlie Cele- 
bration of nuptials ; accommodare 
ffides ad nuptias ; Cic. 

Celebrity ; celebritas, fama, cla- 
ritas, dignitas, splendor. 

He obtained the first Celebeity in 
the forum; clarus in toga et princeps 

Men ofthefirst Celebrity/ot leani' 
ing and wisdom; homines doctissimi 

To give mare Celebrity to the 
triumph ; ad triumphum frequentan- 
dum; Cic. 

To CENSURE; judicare, censere, 
sententiam ferre; censorem, aniraad- 
versorem, Aristarchum, magistrum dis- 
ciplinae, exagitatorem culpaj acrem, 
asperum, gravem, austerum, admo- 
dum severum agere. Cetisorium su- 
percilium distringere in aliquem. Cen- 
suris crilicis, criminationibus, obtrec- 
tationibus, increpationibus severe et 
acriter insequi, verberare, caedere. 
Acri censura in aliqucm'animadvertere. 

To Censure one for false Latin ; 
Latinitatis violataj alicui notam inu- 

To Censure other men's vices and 
pa^s by his own ; vitia aliena censurae 
nota perstringere, sua pra?terire. 

To Censure one's wit; judicium 
de ingenio alicujus facere. 

He was Censured by all; in omni- 
um reprehensionem incurrebat. 

This action met with a variety of 
Censures ; hoc facinus non pari modo 
probatum est ab omnibus. 

Nor could the great men escape the 
Censures of the vulgar; neque po- 
tentiores calumniis vulgi caruere. 

A C1.NS0R, or reformer cf manners; 

Censorious ; criticus, censorius. 

A Censure ; censura,-aB, f. 

A sharp Censurer ; acris aniraad- 
versor, in — ; austerus judex; censor 
severus, magister disciplinte. 


CERTAIN, or sure ; cerJus, indubi- 
tatus, ratus, exploratus, raanifestus. 

Some Certain thing or 'person; 
quidam, aliquis, quispiam, plur, ali- 

Certain others ; aliqui aliu 

For Certain ; pro certo. 

To 6e Certain, or manifest; con- 
stare. It is certain J liquet, constat, 

To be Certain qf; certo scire. To 
know for certain j perspectuxu, seu 
exploratum habere. 

Certainty; certitudo. 

Certainly ; certe, profecto, sane, 
nae, plane, prorsus, certo, indubitanter, 

For a Certainty ; explorate, adv. 
/ know for certain ; luihi est explora- 
tissirauni J Cic. 

To say /or Certain ; pro certo di- 
cere ; Cic. Do you say it for certain ? 
pro certon' tu isthaec dicis ? Ter. 

A Certain chance fell out that hin- 
dered me; casus quidam ne facereru 
impedivit ; Cic. It is certain that he 
studied Greek very hard, when he was 
an old man ; Graecarum literarum con- 
stat eum perstudiosum fuisse In senec- 
tute; Cic. 

A man that has no Certain abiding 
place ; homo incerti laris ; Ter. 

At Certain distances; certis spa- 
tUs intermissis j Caes. 

As sure or Certain as you live ; 
certius quam te credo esse hominem. 

/ do Certainly believe it; nihil 
habeo persuasius. Had I any thing 
certain, you should hear of it ; si quid 
habereru certi, id ad te scriberera. 

When I myself am Certain, or, 
am fully resolved ; cum certas ipse 
fuero ; quum constituero. 

It is too Certain and true; it is 
sure enough ; certo enim certius est. 
We know no certainty ; nihil cora- 
perti habemus ; explorati nihil novi- 

It is Certain ; there is no doubt 
of the matter; certa res est. 

/ shall resolve on something, or be 
\at some certainty ; ipse fortassis ero 

There isno Certainty of anything; 
incerta sunt omnia, / am as certain 
of it as that I lire ; tarn scio, quam me 
- To CERTIFY a thing; certificare. 



To be CGiti^ed of a person ; certioretn 


To Certify, or acquaint a person 
with a thing ; significare, certiorem 
facere. Certified ; certior factus. 

Certify me, or let me hear of all 
your business, or affairs ; de rebus tuis 
roe certiorem redde. Fac me certiorem, 
redde certiorem de toto statu tuo, et de 
omnibus consiliis; significa mihi, ex- 
pone, aperi, explica, perspicue demon- 
stra, qui sit rerum tuarum omnium sta- 
tus, quis tuus animus, qui sensus, quaj 
consilia sint ; fac ut de tuis rebus, 
tuisque consiliis, cognoscam, intelligara, 
certior fiam, ex tuis Uteris erudiar, in- 
struar ; imaginera rerum omnium, cogi- 
tationumque tuarum literis ostende. 

To Certify one; docere, attestari, 
confirmare, commonefacere j admonere 
aliquem de re aliqua ; explanare quid 
alicui J rumores ad aliquem deferre j 
non celare aliquem. 

We were Certified by a sad meS' 
sage ; tristis nuncius ad nos delates est. 

Ought not I first to have been Certi- 
fied, or acquainted, 8fc. ? nonne prius 
communicatun: oportuit ? nonne opor- 
tnit praescisse :i\e antea f Ter. 

The letters, ifc. which did very grate- 
fully Certify us of your health; lite 
ras, &c. quae nobis gratum adraodun. 
salutis tusB indicium prasstiterunt ; Cic. 
But I will not certify my mistress of 
that mischief; sed cesso heram hoc 
malum irapertire ; Ter. 

To Cextify one, and put out of all 
doubt; omni dubitatione aliquem libe- 
rare, exsolvere, eximere. 

/ will Certify you of his coming ; 
certiorem te faciam, faciam ut intelli- 
gas, ut scias, ut sis sciens, de ipsins ad* 

/ am credibly informed or Certi- 
fied both by letters, and word of 
mouih, lately, that — , Sfc. ; et scrip- 
tum est, et nunciatum mihi uuperius, 
quod — , &c. 

Certify me and let me hear what 
news ; si quid acciderit novi, facias ut 
' CERtiiy me, I pray thee, or let m» 
know immediately ; facias tu mox ut 

A Certificate ; libellus, ra., literjB 
certi ficatoriae. 

To CHAFE, warm, or make hot; 
calefacere, fervefacere. 



To Chafe, or rub with one's hand^ 
terere, mollire, fricare. 

To Chavz, fret, or fume ; indignari, 
st(wnachari, succenscre, excandescere 

To Chafe within himself; ringi. 
To Chafe one, or make angry ; mo- 
"vere alicui bilem, commotum reddere. 
Chafed, or rmide angry ; comraotus. 
Chafing ; aeatuans ira. 
To be grievomly Chafed or vexed 
in anger ; substomachari, tumere ; ze- 
lari, apud Prophet.; incensum, peric- 
tum, concitum esse ; mordere labrura, 
seu frajnum mordere, proverbia sunt. 
Moleste, indigne, graviter, aegre ferre ; 
xnagno iraruni fluctuare Jestu ; Virg. 
Iracundia tiirgere, exardere, bile tume- 
re atra, corrugare nares ; plumbeas iras 
gerere ; apud Plaut. Bilem ex alicu- 
jus rei taedio conceptam effundere ; in 
fermento jacere ; supra modum et im- 
potenler indignari ; dare vela indigna- 
tioni, irse ; apud Plin. Ad furorem 
prae nimio animi impetu vergere. E 
contra ; deferbere, seu defervere, refri- 
gere vel refrigerari, deflagrari, et re- 
languescere, dicitur ira et indignatio, 
quniidc hcrac rr.itescit ct placidns fit, 
et fervor animi consedisse, recedisse, 
dicitur [to cease from being chafed, to 
he quiet or well pleased again.'\ 

He is apt to Chafe ; cito indigna- 
tur ; Cic. See Angry. 

To CHALLENGE, or lay claim to; 
vendicare, asserere, arrogare. 

To Challenge one into the field ; 
provocare ad pugnam, lacessere. 

To Challenge or accuse one; pos- 
tulare, accusare. 

To Challenge openly ^ or gainsay ; 

To Challenge or except against a 
witness ; elevate testhnonium. 

To Challenge, or dare to fight ; 
ad pugnam, certamen, duellum, in are- 
nam, pala-stram vocare, provocare, ex- 
cire, irritare, lacessere, evocare, poscc- 
re. Alicui duellum, singulare certa- 
men indicere. Poscere cum quo con- 
currat. Voce lacessere ad pugnam. Mi- 
iiimo me provooat. Vis ergo inter nos 
quid possit uterque experiaraur? An- 
cipitis depoicit munera Martis. 

To fight tt/)on a Challenge ; ex pro- 
vocatione diniicare. 

To send a Challenge to fight ; 
arietera emittere ; arietem objicere j 


Prov. In rixae, pugnje cupidum 6\i6' 
batur, Antiquilus enira bellum sus-* 
cepturi fecialem mittebant, qui arietem 
adductum in hostium fines inimitteret j 
hoc significans pacto civitatem et agros 
illorum hostibus compascuos fore. He 
has sent him a challenge ; challenged 
him into the field ; arietera emisil. 

He gives him a Challenge ; mini- 
mo provocat. 

/ think I may Challenge that as 
my right ; videorid meo jure quodam- 
modo vendicare ; Cic. 

The Chians Challenge Homer/or 
theirs; Horaerura Chii suum vendi- 
cant ; Cic. 

He Challenges all to himself; to- 
tum sibi veudicat ; Quint. 

Since he Challenges me to it; 
quando hie me provocat ; Ter. 

To Challenge one to sing ; ali- 
quem voce lacessere ; Virg. 

To Challenge one about learning; 
in certamen, paleestram, literarum ali- 
quem provocare. 

To CHANCE or happen ; aecidere, 
contingere, evenire. 

To come by Chance ; incldere. 

To get by Chance of lots ; soriiri. 

It Chanceth j contingit, accidit, 
evenit, impers. 

Chance ; casus,-us, m. ; fortuna, 
sors, eventus. 

Ill Chance ; infortunium. 

As it Chanceth ; pro re nata. 

Chancing, or happening by chance ; 
fortuilus, adj. 

By Chance ; forte, fortulto, obiter, 
ex accidenti. 

By Chance, a pretty youth passed 
by ; casu forraosus puer praeteriit; Cic. 

A wonderful Chance happened ; 
casus mirificus Intervenit ; Cic. It 
might seem not a thing that happened by 
chance ; non fortuijum videretur ; Cic. 
He hears the chances of fortune stout- 
ly ; fortuitos casus magno aninio sus- 

If any man Chance to ask — ; si 
forte requirat aliquis — ; Ovid. You 
do not know what chance has befallen 
me ; nescis quid mihi obtigerit ; Ter. 

An ill Cu A NCE, a losing cast ; jac- 
tus supinus, inanis, canis, chius. 

Let uji try the Chance of war ; 
Martis experiaruur aleain. 

It Chances in an hour, that hap^ 
pms not in seven years ; plus foti va- 



let hora benigni, Quam si te Veneris 
commendet epistola Marti. 

Chance ivhat chance may ; or, hap 
what hap may; sive laeta contingant 
sive tristia. Quemcunque sors tulerit 
casiun ; utcunque res dant sese ; quid 
me futurum sit Deus viderit. Quod- 
cunque acciderit ; ut ut erit. 

Chance better j chance worse ; she 
adblandiantur tempora, sive obnubi- 

Have or care of the main Chance ; 
quid opus est, ut res tempusque postu- 
lant, administres atque provideas. 

J/ some Mischance happen ; sicubi 
novercantis fortunae Boreas insultavc- 

We have but one Chance for it ; 
hoc unura experiendum est. 

How many Chances are against 
me f quotas sunt sortes adversae ! 

We must take our Chance ; jacta 
est alea. 

To CHANGE, or alter; mutare, 
alterare, iramutare. To change, neut. 

Tio Change to the better; in melius 

To Change color; impallescere. 

To Change by turns ; alternare. 

To Change fuibitation or lodging ; 

To Change money; commutare, 

To Change his opinion ; flectere 
judiciam, dccedere de sententia. 

To Change from one place to ano- 
ther ; trausferre, deportare. 

To Change out of one form, into 
another ; transfigurare. 

To Change out of one hand into 
another ; transumere. 

To Change or alter things; rem 
mutare, immutare, commutare, novare, 
innovare, variare, invertere, transfor- 
mare ; variam et diversam facere, alte- 
rare. Aliud ex alio facere. In lupum 
transfigurare. Vocem variare et mu- 
tare. Variat fortuna, variat sententia. 

It is Changed ; mutari, et in alias 
formas transire. — Nomen faciemque 
novavit. Verte omnes te in facies. 
Omnia transformat sese in miracula re- 
rum. Qiios hominum ex facie dea 
saeva potentibus herbis, Induerat Circe 
in vultus ac terga ferarum. 

The moon Changes ; luna coit, vel, 

Change ; varietas, ncissitndo. 



The Change of the moon; inteirlu- 
nium, coitus lunse. 

He Changed his mind; a sententia 
sua discessit j Cats. His mind may 
change j sententia ejus mutari potest ; 

Never Changing countenance for 
it ; ne oris quidem colore raut^to ; 

He is driven fo Change his mind; 
de mentis statu (de sententia) dejici- 
tur, deturbatur; Cic. 

To Change one's purpose ; cedere^ 
demigrare de gradu. 

I love no Changing ; antiquum vo- 
lo; Cic. 

To Change his apparel; mutare 

Fortune began to Cbavge; fortuna 
se inclinaverat ; Caes. 

To make a good Change, i. e.of 
fortune, estate ; in coelum abire j ex 
angulo subsilire ; Petr. Sen. 

They are given to Change; no vis 
plerumque rebus studeut ; Caes. 

My state is Changed, the case is 
altered ; diversa nunc mea ratio. Non 
eadem est, mutata est ratio rerum mea- 
rura. Alius est rerum mearum status. 
Aliter se meas res habent, non eodetn 
loco sunt. Novata, innovata, mutata, 
immutata mea sunt omnia. 

His mind is Changed ; mens mu- 
tata. Ad cundem furorem rediit ; 
iterum defecit a fide ; a pristina raente 
desci\'it, discessit, abductus est. 

The malice of others has Changed 
my mind ; a sententia depulsus alio- 
rum nialevolenfia. Istorum malevolen- 
tissiniis obtrectationibus, improbis arti- 
bus, iniqtia infensaque imprimis opera, 
de vetere ilia mea sententia depulsus 
sum, detrusus, dejectus, veterem sen- 
tenliam deposui, abjicere sum coactus, 
discedere a sententia, desciscere, ani- 
mum abducere, instituta? cursura opi- 
nionis alio convertere, flectere, mutare, 
Istorum malevolentissimis obtrectatio- 
nibus de vetere ilia mea sententia de- 
pulsus sura, dejcctus, deturbatus ; fac- 
tum est horuin culpa, comraissum est 
horura iniquitate, ut a mea sententia 
desciverim, ut veterem ilium sensura 
deposuerira, ut abjecta vetere ilia sen- 
tentia, novam susceperim. 

/ have no cause to Change my 
mind ; non est causa rautandae sen- 
tentiae. Quid est, quod in aliam par 
tem traducere me debeat ? cur banc 



opinionem abjiciam ? Cur hunc depo- 
nam sensuin ? Cur ab hac sententia de- 
sciscam, discedam ? Curaliter sentiam? 
Cur a meipso dissentiam ? 

A man much Changed or altered; 
qui alius plane factus est j a seipso, a 
consuetudine sua longe discessit, re- 
cessit, descivit ; sibi longe se dissimi- 
lem prsebet ; cura se qui hactenus fuit, 
sal similem non praestat. Non ejus hie 
mos, hi mores fuerunt. In virum trans- 
iit alium, diversum, plane novum. 
Multum a se discrcpat.' Heu quan- 
tum "Iijec Niobe,Niobe distabat ab ilia, 

To Change one's mind or counsel 
about a thing not well resolved on at 
first; vertere consilium rei non satis 
commode institutae ; parum bene in- 
stilutura recantare ; a propcsito in- 
commodo resilire, declinare, referre pe- 
dem ; imitari nepam ; Prov. i. e. can- 
crum. To go back from his word ; 
apud Plant. Nam qui retrocedit, 
nepam imitari diciturj nepa autem, 
auctore Fest. Pomp. Afrorum sidus, 
appellatur Cancer, vel, ut quidam pu- 
tant, Scorpius : unde Plaut. in Cas. 
retroversum cedara in parietem, imita- 
bor nepam. 

He Changed or declined by little 
and little from the way and custom of 
his ancestors ; deflexit paulatira de via 
et consuetudine majorum. 

To be Changed from himself^ or 
from his own opinion; a seipso dissen- 
tire ; a sententia sua labare, vacillare, 
in sententia sen opinione sua non per- 
manere, perstare, persistere ; palinodi- 
ara canere ; Prov.i. e. diversum ab his, 
quae prius dixeris,dicere,atque in con- 
trarium verlere sententiam. 

He is strangely Changed ! quan- 
tum rautatus ab illo ! 

He turns or Changes teith every 
wind; instar Vertumni Romanorum, 
Protei iEgyptiorura, Empusze Graeco- 

You look not like yourself; you are 
much Changed ; totus alius rediisti j 
pro imberbi nobis rediisti barbatulus. 

You are much Changed, become 
very grave; e Phaedro mihi\dderis fac- 
tus Cato ; fit subito cygnus qui niodo 
corvus erat. 

The wind soon Changed or turned 
into another quarter; subito reflavit 

To Change, or alter his purpose; 


resilire ab instituto. 

He Changed his mind; propositi 
ilium sui poenituit. 

/ will see if I can Change him ; 
nihil non experiar quo rautem iili sen- 

Our affections are- very Change- 
able, we hathe what we loved lately ; 
afFectus nostri temporarios habent im- 
petus, qui simulatque relanguerint, 
odisse cepimus, quod ante vehementcr 

Fickle folks, they ring the Changes ; 
plausus vertitur in sibilum ; laus verti- 
tur in vituperium. 

He is no Changeling ; he is still 
the same man ; antiquum obtinet p est 
idem qui pridem j — veteris servat ves- 
tigia formae. 

JVhat is the cause of these great 
Changes? unde ista tropica putamus, 
tam brevi temporis intercapedine acci- 
disse ? 

You may as easily fit a garment for 
the moon that Changes every day ; 
citius, et facilius lunae crescenti sub- 
inde ac decrescenti, variosque in or- 
bem habitus sumenti, deponenti et re- 
sumenti, certa ac stata vestis possit in- 
duci, quam — &c. 

You seem to be Changed into 
some strange creature; mihi videris 
aliud quoddam animal. 

All the Changes and metamorpho- 
ses in Ovid come short of yours ; nae tu 
magnificam passus es Metamorphosin. 

No wafer will Change a black- 
amoor ; piscis semper olet piscem, eti- 
amsi unguentis oblinas. 

All things are Changeable as the 
weather; nasci, denasci, oriri, aboriri, 
nee quicquam stabile esse, vel firmum. 

The world is well Changed or 
mended ; sed ecce ! consurapta lachry- 
marum nube. 

There is Change for fair weather 
again after all ; mihi solem^ fortuna re- 
duxit sereniorem. 

A mo7i£i/-CHANOER ; nummularius. 

A Changing ; rautatio, commuta- 
tio, variatio, immutatio. 

/ must Change my note, or turn 
my discourse elsewhere; oratio alio 
mihi deniutanda est mea. 

Fortune^ happening to Ch ANGE,^ai'e 
a fresh proof of her inconstancy ; for- 
tuna fidem niutata novavit ; Virg. 

Who wished to make Chances ; qui 
novari aliquid volebant. 



Women, like children, are Change- 
able in their sentiments ; itidera niuli- 
eres, ut sunt pueri, levi sententia; 

To CHARGE, or command; impe- 
rare, jubere, raandare, praecipcre, in 
mandatis dare. 

To CnA^GE by proclamation ; edi- 

To Charge one agaitist a thing ; 

To Charge upon pain; intermi-, 

A CaxKG^, or commandment ; man- 
datura, praeceptum. 

A Charge, office, or government ; 
munus, negotium, rainisteriuni, pro- 

To assign to some Charge ; dele- 

To fcai'e^^ Charge o/; curare. 

To have the Charge of another 
man's business; procurare. 

To take Charge of any thing ; sus- 
cipere, capessere, curam gererei 

To perform one's Charge well; 
defungi raunere ; susceptum perficere 

Committed to one's Charge ; com- 
mend atus. 

The executing of a Charge or bu- 
siness ; functio, adrainistratio. 

A Charge, or trust; cura, custodia, 

To Charge, o»* trust; mandare fi- 
dei ; curam alicui delegare. 

To take a great Charge on him; 
dararn in se provinciam suscipere. 

To lay to one's Charge ; insimu- 
lare, accusare, incusare. 

To lay to one's Charge falsely ; 

To Charge with a thing; vitio 
dare, exprobrare, objicere. 

A Charge, or indictment; accu- 

Charged with; obnoxius, adj., 
accusatus, part. 

Charge, or cost ,>sumptus,-us, m. 
impensa,-3e, f. 

To bear part of the Charge j in 
partem irapensra venire. 

To Charge an enemy ; adoriri, in- 
vadere, aggredi. 

A Charge in war ; impressio. 

The trumpets on both sides sound 
the Charge ; tubae utrinque canunt ; 




He delivered what he had in 
Charge ; mandata exposuit; Paterc. 

He Charged him to give his an- 
swer ^ before — ; jussit prius respon- 
dere, quam — ; Paterc. 

Did /nof Charge you, you should 
not do it 1 interminatus sum ne fa- 
ceres ? Ter. 

Jfe Charges through the thickest of 
his enemies; per confertissimam hos- 
tium turbam impetum facit ; Liv, 

To Charge the enemy's Itorse ; 
in hostium equitatum facere impressio - 
nem, dare ; Hirt. 

They Charged the enemy's left 
wing ; in laevum coma, hostium invecti 
sunt; Curt. 

He Charges into the thickest of his 
enemies; in confertissimos hostes in- 
currit; Sail. 

Ease me of this Charge ; leva me 
hoc onere ; Cic. 

Worthy of (fit for) that Charge ; 
dignus eo munere ; Cic. 

To stand to one's Charge ; impe- 
rinm exequi ; Curt. 

Did I not Charge youl edixin' 
tibi > Ter. 

Lay what Charge you will on me; 
quidvis oneris impone ; Ter. 

/ Charged him to watch a time; 
praecepi ei ut tempus observaret ; Cic. 

He gave it me in Charge ; hoc mi- 
hi in mandatis dedit, mandavit, impe- 
ravit; Plaut. 

He Charged the enemy in front; 
in hostium faciem irruit, impetum fe- 
cit ; hostes a fronte adortus est ; Cic. 

They were routed at the first 
Charge; primo impetu pulsi sunt; 
Liv. Ne unum quidem nostrorum im- 
petum ferebant ; Caes. 

The first Charge is the hottest ; 
prima coitio acerrima est ; Ter. 

In the first Charge we lost about 
threescore and ten men ; nostri in pri- 
mo congressu circiter septuaginta ceci- 
dcnint ; Caes. 

The whole Charge resteth on you; 
ad te summa rerum redit ; Ter. 

You have undertaken a great 
Charge; duram cepisti provinciam ; 

He went to his Charge ; ^d delega- 
tum sibi officiura ibat ; Piin. 

They were provided at a small 
Charge ; parvo (quam rainimo sump- 
tu) curata sunt; Cic. Plant. 




He could never be able to undergo 
the Charges of her; sufFerre nun- 
quam ejus suniptus queat ; Ter. 

It is less Charge to keep an ass 
than a cow; facilius asellus quara vac- 
ca alitur ; Varr. 

In so little Charge did it stand ; 
tantulo impendio stetit ; Curt. 

My coming was not a penny's 
Charge to him; adventus noster ne 
numrao quidem sumptui fuit ; Cic. 

Free from taxes and public 
Charges j tributis et oneribus publicis 

/ will not Charge him with any 
greater matters ; nolo in ilium gravius 
dicere; Ter. 

He lays felony to /les Charge ; 
charges him with felony ; euro furti 
alligat, insimulat ; Plaut. 

/ have had the Charge of them 
from children ; ego istos usque a pue- 
ris curavi j Ter. 

They are Charged with arms, i. e. 
to pj'ovidef to bear arms ; arraa impe- 
rantur j Caes, 

They Charge directly up the hill; 
jmpetum adversus montem in cohortes 
faciunt ; Caes. 

They stood (^received) our CuAnoiE. ; 
nostrorum irapetura sustinebanl ; C^s. 

They Charged up the hill with 
their draion swords ; montem distric- 
tis gladiis ascenderiint ; Cees. 

They were not able to endure the 
Charge of the horse; equitum vim 
sustinere non poterant ; Caes. 

To receive the Charge ; sign a infe- 
renjibus resistere ; Caes. 

To Charge with high treason; 
Isesae majestatls reum facere. 

To undertake a Charge ; in se ne- 
gotiura, munus suscipere. Oneri ali- 
cujus muneris se subjicere, subniittere. 
Munus impositum subire, sustinere. 
Rempublicam capessere. Provinciara 
cepisti duram. 

To neglect his Charge, c/Mfy, or 
ojffice ; muneri suo deesse. Officium 
susceptum, quod cum fide impositum 
est, aut propter perfidiam abjicere, aut 
propter infirmitatem dcponeie. Officii 
partem non implefe, deserere. Sus- 
cepti ncgotii molem, molesliam subter- 
fugere. -' 

To commit a thing to one's Charge; 
negolji conficiendi curam alteri deferre, 
designare; aiterius fidei, polestati 


committere, permittere, concredere, de- 
legare, mandare, coramendare ; in al-^ 
terius fide deponere. Aliura rebus 
praeficere, ^ei curatorem constituere. 
Alteri provinciam demandare, impe- 
rare, tradere, causam tuendam, defen- 
dendam, agendam commiUere, credere j 
rei gerendae, muneris obeun^li potesta- 
tem, facultatera facere. Quibus in re- 
bus interesse ipsi non possumus, in lis 
operae nostras vicariam fidem amicorum 
supponimus. Hanc mihi Spartam le- 
gavit, quasi legato suo tuendam atque 
omandam commendavit. Has mihi 
partes imposuit. 

/ am in doubt whether it be best to 
take Charge of the commonwealth on 
WW?, or not ; dubito de capessenda re- 
publica. Integra mihi res non est ad 
consulendum, capessam necne rempub- 
licam ; non est mihi libera, non expe- 
dita, non soluta de capessenda rep. de- 
liberatio ; liberam non habeo capiendi 
consilii facultatera, de suscipienda, ge- 
renda, administranda republica ; teneor 
implicatus, nee mea expedire consilia 
possum de suscipienda republica. 

Let him assign the Charge of that 
business to me; exhibeat milii hoc 

To execute his Charge, or to do 
his duty well; officio suo non deesse ; 
officio magnifice satisfacere ; pensum 
absolvere, conficere ; susceptae legatio- 
nis munus obire ; ajdilitatcm summacum 
laude gerere ; nihil facere non egregie. 

Give him the Charge of what you 
would have done well; huic lyandes 
quod quidem curatum recte velis. 

Masinissa being an old man exe- 
cuted all the Charges and offices of 
good king; Masinissa senex omnia 
boni regis officia et munera executus 
est; Cic. 

Now I will go to the rest, and recall 
myself to my own Charge and office; 
nunc ad reliqua progrediar, meque ad 
meura munus pensumque revocabo. 

To contain himself within the bounds 
of his own Charge or office and duty; 
regionibus officii sese continere ; Cic. 

When he had well performed the 
Charge and duty of an excellent cap- 
tarn^ and of a brave soldier ; cum is 
functus fuisset optimi ducis et strenui 
railitis officio. 

To leave his Charge ; a regione of-, 
ficii discedere, abduci, declinare, desis» 


tere ; officio et niuneri suo deesse ; sus- 
ceptuni olficium deserere, intermittere ; 
ab occupationibus se expedire j nego- 
tioruin vinculis se exsolvere ; supersede- 
re labori ; sevocare animuin a negotiis. 

/ will not either by treacliery throw 
away, or for weakness lay aside, that 
which was once assigned to-my trust 
and Charge ; nolo id quod mihi cum 
fide semel irapositum est, aut propter 
perfidiam abjicere, aut propter iafirmi- 
tatem deponere ; Cic. 

I fear lest I should seem either to 
bate exceeded, or to have come short 
in the performance of, my duty and 
Charge j vereorne aut excessisse, aut 
non implesse officii mei partes videar ; 

To take the Ch\b,gv. of the common- 
wealth ; rerapublicam capessere, guber- 
nare, suscipere, gerere, adrainistrare. 

To lay the Charge ofbU:Siness upon 
one ; iraponere humeris, vel, in hume- 
jros provinciarn aliquam ; curam reram 
demandare ; rei gubernaculis, negotio- 
rum molibus, praeficere ; summam rerum 
alicui coramittere. 

He neglects his Charge ; muneri 
suo deest. 

CHARITY; charitas. 

Charitable J munificus, pius, miie- 
ricors, iiberalis. 

CHAftiTY begins at home ; charitas 
incipit a se ; proxiraus sura egomet mi- 
hi ; omnes melius esse sibi maiint, quam 

Charitable in censuni^g, equal, 
just ; candidus, aequus, charitate omnia 
metiens ; omnia in mitiorem partem 
interpretans, facilis, benevolus, paliio 
charitatis tegens naevos. 

Charity is piety and kindness to- 
wards our friends atid relations ; and a 
■ dutiful and affectionate observance of 
them that love our country ; charitas 
est pietas erga propinquos et amicos ; 
patriaeque benpvolis officium et diii>^ 
gens cultus ; Cic. affectus ; Quint. 

We should be guarded by Charity 
more than by arms ; charitate septum 
esse oportet. A.nequitia, rapina, et 
sceleribus virum bonum abesse oportet; 
charitate autem (ut inquit Salvianus) 
et benevolentia, non armis, septum esse. 

A CHASE, or forest ; saltus,-us, m. 

To Chase, or hunt ; venari, sectari, 

To Chase away ; abigere, in fugara 



Chased away ; fugatus, pa^-t. 

The beast is Chased up and down ; 
concitate agitur pecus. 

He Chases the geese out of the 
com ; de fruraento anseres abigit ; 

They followed the Chase too eager- 
ly ; elati studio temere insecuti sunt 
fugientes ; incitati studio inconsultius 
processerant ; Caes, 

They Chased them into the port; 
in portum corapellunt ; Caes. 

To follow the Chase ; cursum tenere. 

CHASTE, and pure ; illibatus ; cas- 
tus, purus, integer, pudicus, continens, 
mundus. Pudicitiae, castitatis^ conti- 
nentiae summae, singuiaris ; laude Cele- 
bris ; incorruptae, iliibatae, intemeratas, 
inviolatae, immaculatas. A Veneve all' 
enus, ab illicitis voluptatibustemperans, 
pudicitiae inexpugnabilis. Hippolyto, 
Bellerophonte castior. Spectatum satis 
et magnum continentiae exemplura. 
Ducit vitara alienam ab omni raulierura 
consortio, Venere abdicata. Caste pu- 
reque vivere. Se integrum castumque, 
pudicitiam illibatam servare. Pudici- 
tiam coiere. — Pudicus ab omni non so- 
lum facto, verum opprobrio quoque 
turpi. — Me natura pudicum fecerat, et 
casto pectore durus eram. Constant! 
juvenis fide. — Laudem de me nullus 
adulter habet. Tenor vitae est sine 
labe meae. Fama (velim quaeras) cri- 
mine nostra vacat. — Scopulis surdior, 
Icari voces audit adhuc integer. 

A Chaste and pure virgin ; virgo 
integra a viro, impatieus viri. 

To Iceep himself pure and Chaste ; 
servare se castum et integrum ; pudici- 
tiam illibatam servare ; impia lascivi 
fugiens consortia coetus ; ab omni mu- 
IJebri congressu alienus ; thalami ex- 
pertem vitara degens.^ 

That house never saw any thing but 
what was Chaste and pure ; and every 
thing which is of the best discipline and 
manners ; quid enira domus ilia vide- 
rat, nisi pudicum et honestum, nisi ex 
Optimo more, et sanctissima.disciplina ? 

Chastity i»-grateful and acceptable 
to God ; castitas Deo grata ; Tibul. 
Casta placent Superis. 

To CHASTISE ; castigare, corripe- 
re, punire ; animadvertere in. 

To Chastise the body and keep it 
under; camera cohibere, macerare; 
castigare corpus, et in servitutem redi- 
gere, ut est apud Apost. Fraudare, de- 



C H 

fraudare geniiim, i. e. naturara ; naturae wei'e yet very grateful and acceptable 

ncgaie cfuod appetit ; naturse non satis- 
facere ; alliceracarnen), ut obediat spiri- 
peret ; apud Anibros. Fraudare corpus 
voluptate ; subducere cibuni et potum j 
cibo ad tenipus abstinere ; parce, con- 
tincnler, sobrieque vivere. 

To Chastise one's faults ; vindicare 

alicnjus delicta ; in abquem, ob delic- Jaetificare. 

to me ; ipsi etiam aculei, si quos habu- 
isti in me reprehendendo, tanien mihi 
ucui ingrati acciderunt. 

CHEER, or ^ood /are; dapes, lau- 
tus apparatus. 

CnET.n, or gladness ; gaudium. 

Poor Cheer j tenuis apparatus. 

To make Cheerful j exhilarare. 

ta, animadvertere. 

CHEAP; vilis, adj.j Pervilis j nul- 
lius preiii. 

Cheaper ; villus, n)inoris pretii. 

To grow Cheap ; vilescere, eviles- 

It is Cheap at twenty pounds ; vile 
eat viginti minis. 

Corn is very Cheap ; fruraentum 
vile est J annona pretium non habet ; 
Ci€. pro Into est ; Petron. 

To Cheer or encourage; exhortari, 

To Cheer the hounds ; hortari canes. 

To Cheer up ; solari, consolari. 

To he of good Cheer j bono esse 

To make good Cheer ; epulari hi- 
lare, indulgere genio ; genialiter agere, 

We had royal Cheer ; regio appa- 
ratu accepti sumus ; Cic. 

Be of good Cheer; habe bonum 
Bono animo fac sis ; 

Farms may be had, will be let, or 

may be boughty Cheap ; jacent pretia aniraum ; Plant 

prajdiorum. • Ter. 

He or she sells Cheaper than aSwoZZ Cheer; paulura obsonl ; Ter, 

others ; vendit minoris quam alii; Ter. Dainty Cheer; Saliares dapes. Sic 

To Cheapen; liceri, licitari, rogare pro, pontificales, dixit Horatius,ponens 

pretium. speciem pro genere ; opiparum enim 

To CHEAT; fraudare, defraudare, conviviumacmagtiificum,saiiaredicitur. 

decipere, circumvenire, emungere. Greaf Cheer ; ccena recta ; ccena 

To Cheat one cunningly of his mo- dubia. Dubiam enim coenam, opipa- 

ney ; tondere aliquem auro ; Plaut. 

Vou are fairly Cheated ; tibi os 
est sublitum plane et probe. 

To CHECK, stop, or hinder; repri- 
niere, inhibere, cohibere. 

To Check or chide; carpere, per- 
stringere,^ repreheudere. 

ram variis instructam ferculis appelia- 
bant : unde Phorraio apud Ter., cce- 
na dubia apponitur. Sed dubia ccena 
possit etiam intelligi, quae non careat 
suspicione veneni : unde apud Hor. 
— Vidcs lit pallidus omnis — Ccena 
desurgit dubia. Item ccena |)opularis ; 

To give one a private Chieck ; sub- Plautus enim ccenam popularem appel- 

nionere or summonere, aurem vellere et 

A sharp Check; dicterium, convi- 

To Check, or interrupt one's talk ; 
obrogare, reclamare, refragari. 

To Check one severely or very harsh- 

lat magnificam, egregieque lautam, 
atque adeo gratuitam quoque, quales 
Solent exhiberi populo. 

Slender Cheer ; coena ambulatoria; 
(viz. in qua fcrculum unicum tantum 
pluribus convivis apponitur ; quod pro- 
inde circa mensam oporleat quasi am- 

ly ; asperius aliquem admonere, rcdar- bulare, et tolam mensam civcuraire.) 
guere, increpare, appellare ; severius ali-fl Cheerful j ;aiacer et alacris, adj. ; 
quern tractare ; rem cum aliquo asperius hilaris, la;tus. 
expostulare ; verbis graviter accipere ; — • - 
verbis aliquem castigare, exagitare,cor- 
ripere ; njaledico dente aliquem car- 
pere ; notam censoriam alicui inurere. 

I will not Check him harshly ; no- 
lo in ilium gravius quid dicere. 

To Check, or> chide one gently ; 
molli brachio aliquem objurgare. 

To be Cheerful ; hilarescere. 

To look Cheerfully ; frontem ex- 
porrigere ; ponere supercilium ; expli- 
care frontem ; vultu esse hilari. 

He does not look Cheerfully ; ex- 
cidit illi vullus. 

They all departed Cheerful dnd 
full of confidence to Alexia; omnes 
The very stings, if you had any in alacres et liducia pleni ad Alexiam 
your reproving and Checking ofmCj proliciscunturk 



To receive or welcome one with a 
CHKnnrvh countenance ; hilari admo- 
duin et benigno vultu aliquem exci- 
pere, intueri j laeta fronte aspicere ; 
item, tranquilla et serena fronte ; in- 
duere faciles gaudenti pectore vultus. 

To CHEW mea4 ; mandare, man- 
ducare, masticare. 

Chewing of meat is helped by the 
tongue; escarum confectio a lingua 

To Chew the cud ; ruminare, rumi- 
nari. A chewing of the cud ; ruraina- 

A CHICK, or Chicken j pullus 
gallinaceus, pullulus. 

A hatch of Chickens ; pullities. 

A Chick new hatched, or very 
young ; pullaster, pulius recens exclu- 
sus. , 

You count your Chickens before 
they are hatched ; ante victoriam canis 
triumphum; incerta pro cerlis deputas. 

To CHIDE ; jurgare, objurgare, iii- 
crepare, arguere, inclamare, incessere. 
Expostiilare cum aliquo. 

Sliould I Chide him for this wrong 
done me 7 cum eo injuriam banc expos- 
tulem ? Ter. Cav^e enough to chide ; 
satis vehemens causa ad objurgandum ; 
satis causae ad — ; Ter. 

What can he Chide you for 7 quid 
jurgabit tecum ? Ter, He began chi- 
ding his brother; adortus est jurgio 
fratrem ; Ter. Did you not then chide 
and scold him out of doors ? nonne tu 




um excipis jurgio: 

/ Chid him soundly; senliebat 
me non esse mutam. 

/ have mischief enough on me, I need 
no more Chiding too ; satis maiorum 
est, etiainsi non accedat. objurgationia 

'^fliey Chid and brawled so long 
till they fell together by the ears; in- 
crudiiit rixa usque ad verbera. 

He Chid him soundly; objur- 
gavit eum graviter. 

HeCmo me to soine purpose ; verbis 
everberavit acrius. - 

CHIEF, or principal; primarius, 
princeps, principalis, j;)raecipuus, pri- 
mus, supreraus. 

One's Chief cajt ; cura potissihia, 

Chief persons of a city or common- 
wealth ; optimates, primates. He that 
is chief, or principal in any order; 
corjrphaeus,-«, m.; Cic.^ 

The Chiet, or principal; a ring- 
leader of a party, the leader of the 
dance; quasi in vertice positiis ; Suid. 

The Chief rule, place, or authority; 
primatus, principatus,-us, m., princeps 

To be Chief ; principatum obtine- 
re, primas tenere. 

CnizrxYf principally, or especially; 
praecipue, praesertim, maxima, potissi- 
raurii, imprimis, apprime. 

The Chief, and in a manner only, 
hope; praecipua spcs et properaodum 
unica^; Curt. 

In Spain, Rufus was commander-in- 
Chief ; Hispaniae praeerat Rufus; 
Tacit. No one was left commander- 
in-chief-, ad nerainem unum surama 
imperii redit ; Caes. He was in chief 
command, or commander-in-chief-, erat 
summo in imperio 5 summam imperii te- 
nebat ; Caes. Rerum potiebatur; Cic 

A Chief heir ; haeres primae cerae ; 
ex to to asse. 

To be commander-in-CnizT ; esse 
cum imperio., 

that is the Chief point, that — ; 
caput ilhid est, ut — ; Cic. 

To give or hold the Chief place; 
primas alicui dcferre, tenere ; Cic. 

A Chieftain, or captain ; capita- 
neus, dux, princeps. 

TJie Chief good ; summum bonura. 

A CHILD ; puer, puerulus, infans. 

A little Child or baby ; pusio, in- 
fantulus, pupus. 

-4 /cma/e Child ; virguncula, puel- 
la, pupa. 

A Child born h^ore its time ; 
abortivus, m. 

A Child new born; infans recens 

A Child bom after his father's 
death; posthunms, posthuma proles. 

A fatherless Child ; orphanus, pu- 
pillus, m. 

A Child whose father liveth ; pa- 
tiimiis, m., and patrima, f. 

A Child taken away by elves, and 
changed ; puer supposititius. 

A Child exposed and left in the 
streets, whose father is unknown ; ex- 
positus, vel exposititius, projectitius, 
projectus puer. 

A sucking Child ; puer lacteus, 

A foster Child ; alumnus, alteUus. 

A nurse Child, or one that suck- 
eth the same milk; puer collacta- 



A Child one year old; puer annl- 


A CniiD tico years old; biiuulus. 

A Child three years old; trimu- 

A ward-CmLD ; pupillus. 

A nobleman's Child ; prEetextatns. 

In Child, or great with child ; gra- 
vida, preegnans, adj. 

To he with Child ; gravidari ; utero 
ferre, gestare. 

To have a Child by one; filium 
suscipere de aliqua. 

To be the fatker's own Child in 
manners; patrissare." 

To play the Child ; pueriliter se 

To grow a Child again ; repueras- 

Of or belonging to a Child j pueri- 
lis, infauiilis, adj. 

Cnii^D-bearing, or the deliverance 
of a child j nixus,-us. 

Childbed ; puerperium. 

A woman in Childbed; infantaria, 

CnwD-birth; puerperium, parturi- 
tio, partus,-us. 

Great with Child ; mulier gravida, 
praegnans ; uteruin ferens, gerens, ges- 
tans ; utero gravis; quee utero iu- 
gravescit. Uxori tumet uterus, Jam- 
que tumescebant vitiali poidera veii- 
tiis, ^graque conceplum membra gra- 
vabat onus. Jam gravibus justo pon- 
dere venter erat. — Tulit, vexit gravem 
maturo pondere ventiem. Cura jam 
prope partus adesset. Utero tumente 

A comfort in virtuous Children'; 
voluptas ex liberoruni virtute. Mag- 
nam vlrtutem e raoribus filiorum pater 
suscipit; magna voluptate patiem affi- 
ciunt bene njorati liberi ; magnai vo- 
luptati sunt parenti, qui moribus excel- 
luntfilii; capit ex honestis filiorum mo- 
libus voluptatem sumniam et iittitiam 

Childhood; pueritia,infantia, aeta- 
tula, aitas tenella. 

Up from his Childhood ; a pueri- 
tia,ab infantia,ab imunte *tate, a tene- 
iia annis, ab incunabulis ; a parvis, a 

From my Childhood ; ab selate 

ineunle, prima ; infante, infantia pri- 

. ma ; ovtu primO ; ajtatis initio, annis 

priiuis, ipso vitae exordio ; ineunte piima 

puentia ; ipso statim iac'c. A teueris 


unguiculis ; puero, puerulo, pusiHo ; 
pueritia, parvulo, tenero, teneris cre- 
pundiis, cunabulis primis ; temporibus 
prirais setatis. Jam inde a puero. Ex 
quo primum natus ; primum spiritum 
hausi ; vitae limen attigi. A pueritia 
huic me dodfiinae dedi ; hgec studia co- 
lui, banc studiorum rationem inivi, se- 
cutus sum, ill haec studia iucubui. Ad 
hocliterarum genus me contuli puer. 

Given to some study even from his 
Childhood ; a puero alicui studio 
deditus. Huic me doctrinal a pueritia 
dedi ; haec me a puero doctrina delec- 
tavit ; hanc ego doctrinam, banc studi- 
orum rationem, hoc studiorum genus ab 
ineunte a;tate sum secutus ; meam ope- 
ram ad haec studia jam inde a puero 
contuli ; in hoc studiorum genere coii- 
sumpsi, collocavijhis studiisdedi ; Ujpc 
studia a prirais annis colui ; huic lite- 
rarum generi a teneris annis devinctus 
fui ; incubui puer in haec studia. 

Desirous of glory or praise even from, 
a Child ; a puero glorias cupidus, In- 
flammatus ad gloriam a puero fuisti ; 
jam inde a pueritia glorias studio atque 
amore flagrasii ; spectasti gloriam ante 
omnes res ; a primis annis, tibi erat 
gloria omnium rerum antiquissinia, in 
animo erat, in oculis erat, in amoribus 
erat, in deliciis erat. 

Childish; puerilis, ludicer. Child- 
ish pastimes; nuces, pi. f, crepundia, 
pi. n. 

Children ; liberi, filii, pi. ra, So- 
boles, pignora, proles. 

Without Ch»ldren, or childless ; 
improlis, orbus, adj. 

To bear Children, or, to bedelirer' 
ed o/" children; filios, liberos, prolem, 
sobolem parere. Partiira eniti. Fcetum 
educere. Liberos, partum, &c. edere, 
dare, ferre, pioducere, in lucera dare, 
prortrre. Ventris onus ponere, red- 
dere. Puerperii laboribus defungi. Uteri 
pignoiii- dare. Foetum nixibus edere. 

3Iy di.nighterwas brought away from 
your house big tvith Child ; abducta 
a vobis prapj^jians fuerat filia ; Ter. 

From a Cl'ild ; a teneris unguicu- 
lis ; jam inde a puero ; a puero parvo ; 
, ab ineunte aetato; Plant. Ter. Cic^ 

When he was a Child ; se puero ; 
Hor. When I was % child ; nobis pue- 
ris ; Cic. lie is pust a clnld ; nuces 
reliquit. Excessit ex ophebis ; Ter. 

A woman of her first Cuild ; primo 
partu mulier ; Ter. 



She is with Child by Pamphilus ; 
gravida e Pampbilo est ; Ter. 

The ynan immediately cries like a 
Guild ; homini illico lachrymae cadunt, 
quasi puero ; Ter. 

To play the Child, or act like a 
child ; pueriliter facere ; Cic. 

A sweet (pretty) Child j perscitus 
puer ; Ter. 

Slie is past CniLD-bearing ; parere 
haec per annos non potest ; Ter. 

Childr EN and fools lice merry lives ; 
in nihil sapiendo jucundissiina vita. 

Children will act like children ; 
parvulus facit ut parvulus. 

She is big with Child, and very 
near her time ; gravida est, et jam ad 
pariendum vidua j haec adeo gravida 
est, ut appropinquare partus videatiir. 
My wife is great with Child ; uterus 
uxoris nieae tuinet. Dionysius' smother, 
when she was big with Child, dreamed 
that, 8fc. ; mater praeguans, quum Dio- 
njsium in alvo contineret, somniavit, 
quod, &c. 

To beget Children ; uxores gravi- 
das reddere ; quara gravidam reliqui 
meo congressu j Plant. Liheros gig- 
nere, generare, procreare, suscipere, so- 
bolem propagare. 

The mother by poison destroyed her 
own Child ; muiier partum sibi ipsa 
medicamentis abegit. 

From a Child, orffom the very cra- 
dle ; ab ipso statira lacte ; a primis suae 
nutricis ampleubus. 

TJie Child may do well if he hap- 
pen right ; in lubrico virentis ajtatulze. 

Children under age ; minorennes 
pueri atque puellae. 

Childhood or infancy ; primae aeta- 
tis aurora. 

Children but newly crept out of 
the shell; pueri ab ovo vix dum e- 
raersi. Very babies; little Child- 
ren ; admodum pueri •, iu ipso vitae 
suae limine. 

A Child four years old; puer qua- 

You must be spoon-fed like a. Child 
or baby ; similis regum pueris pappare 

The Child is angry loith the teat 
and will not lullaby; poscis et iratus 
maramai laliare recusas. 

You are but a Child yet, your 
time is before you ; adhuc lua messis 
-in herba es>t. 

You may teach a Child any thing ; 



soft wax takes any seal; argilla quid- 
vis imitaberis uda ; aetas cerea — ; u- 
dum et molle lutuni. 

A guardian to orphan Children j 
pater tiduciarius. 

Wliose pupil is the Child ? in cu- 
jus fide est, ac clitntela ? 

He thinks he must be a Child ajid 
suck still; quasi ex nutu matris adhuc 

A Child (or boy) not above four' 
teen years old; adoiescens vixdum pu- 

Children that were bom to be 
heirs; liberi in haereditatem omnium 
facullatum successuri. 

A Child basely born; a bastard; 
qui ex legitimis nuptiis non est natus. 

It came from father to Children 
for many generations; a patribus \n 
natos, perpetua succedendi serie, fu- 
isse devolulum. 

From his Childhood, ever since he 
was bom and knoicn ; ex quo natus 
notusque primum fuit, ad haec u>que 

Children and children's children ; 
£t nati natoriim et qui nascentur ab 

A poor and Childish thing ; in nu- 
tricum cuuas eliminandum ; in primo 
vitae actu ; a primis suae nutricis am- 
plexibus ; hujusmodi maculas ab in- 
fantia sua contraxerunt. 

The little Child, my sister ; soror- 
cula mea. 

Children are certain cares, uncer- 
tain comforts; spesque metusque pa- 
rentum ; certa cura, incertum solameut 

A Child born b^ore day ; manius, 
-ii,ra. Praenomen J qui scil. mane nas- 

A Child bom at sun-rise; luci- 
us, a luce solari diet. 

A Child bom slowly, or such a one 
as is long before the mother be deli- 
vered of it ; chordus puer, vel cord us, 

A Child born with his feet forward ; 
Agrippa,-ae, m. ab aegro partu ; Noun. 

A Child 6orn when the father is out 
of the country, or^ is a very old man ; 
proculus,-i. ra. a procul ; est enini 
cognomen ejus, qui natus est patre per- 
egrinante procul a patria j sunt etiam 
qui credant ideo dictos, quia patribus 
senibus, qu. procul progressisaetate, na- 
•tisuntj Fest. 

A Child whose father dies b^orehis 



grandfather; opiterj-eris, ra. et opitrix, 
•icis, f. diet, quod obito patre genita 
sit, aut,quod avum ob patrem, i. e. pro 
patre, habeat ; Fest, 

A Child or twirij which being born 
with another, that being miscarried, 
comes to perfect birth; vopiscus,-sci, 
m, Pliri. Quern mater quasi vi adipis- 
citur ; i. e. cum difficultate acquirit ; 
vel, qui ope naturae servatur, cui et 
opera fert. That one of twins which 
cotnes to perfect birth. ^ . 

A' Child sucking long; raammo- 
threptus, m. 

To CHINK, as the ground does ; 
rlmas agere, fatiscere. 

To stop Chinks ; obstipare. 
A Chink, or cleft ; rima. 
Full of Chinks ; riraosus, plenua 
rimarura, or rimis. 

To Chink, or sound as money ; tin- 
nire. , 

To CHIP J praesecare, distrlngeve. 
To Qhip bread ; distringere crustas 

To Chip with an axe; asciare, de- 

To Chip, or cut fo chips j dissecare, 
in frusta discindere. 

A Chip ; secamentum, assula, seg- 
men, frustukim. 

A Chip of the old block ; patris est 

Chips of wood that carpenters make; 
scidia, pi. n., assulse, pi. f. 

Chips to kindle fire ; cremia, quis- 

The Chippings of bread; resegmi- 
na panis, stricturae crustarura. 

A CHOICE J electio, optio, delec- 
tus,-us. , 

Choice, or variety ; varietas, diver- 

To make Choice ; agere vel habere 

To give one the Choice j optionem 
"facere vel permittere. 

Choice or excellent; eximius, lec- 
tus, egregius. 

Oftny own Choice; sponte. We 
may be at our choice ; in nostra potes- 
tate est ; nianu est situm ; Cic. 

Take your Choice ; optio sit tua ; 

Things delivered in Choice words ; 
electis verbis dictatse res ; Cic. 

The most Choice men of the city ; 
electissimi viri civitatis j Cic. pro 


I shall not be long in the Choic« of 
the death ; in necis electu parva futura 
mora est j Ovid. 

He may take his Choice j ei liberum 
est; Cic. 

^f it were jntt to your Choice ; si 
conditio proponatur. , 

It was my chance, not my Choice; 
sortito obvenerat. 

By the general Choice of all; cal- 
culis omnium designatus; 

To give the people a free Choice ; 
libera dare populo suflfragia. 

By the Choice of the best part ; 
potioris partis suffragio. 

NofreeCnovct. : eraendicata suffra- 
gia. , 

CHOLER ; bills, cholera, f. 

Choler adust; melancholia, atra 

Choleric ; biliosus, cholericus. " 

Choleric or peevish; iracundus, 

Choleric or testy ; homo iracun- 
dus, paulo iracuttdior, ditficilis, moro- 
sus, asper, impotens sui. Qui de ni- 
hilo irascitur, facillime quovis minimo 
facto veibove exasperatur, exacerbatur, 
scintilla quavis accenditur. Ingenii 
irritabilis. In iracundiara pratceps, 
Proclivis, pronus, propensus ad iram. 
Immodicus irae. 

To CHOOSE, or make choice of; 
eligere, deligere. Delectum agere, iia- 
bere, facere. . Bona quaeque, commo- 
dissima seligere. Qitod in quaque re 
optimum excerpere. Populi suftragiis, 
omnium calcuiis deligi, ascisci, desig- 
nari, allegi, constitui. 

To be Chosen ; optio datur, defer- .. 

We have the Choice of ; ad munus 

To Choose, or appoint ; designare, 

To Choose into one's place ; suffi- 
cere, sublegere, allegere. 

To Choose OM* or cull; excerpere, 
seligere, delibare, eximere. 

To Choose into a company; alle- 
gere, cooptare, asciscere. 

To Choose one as heir ; adoptare. 

To Choose by lots ; sortiri. 

To let one Choose, or give him his 
choice ; optionem facere, vel permittere. 

You may Choose whether you wilt 
or not ; in potestate tua situm est j 
optio sit tua. 

To Choose rather ; malle. 



/ cannot Choose but ; non possum 
non, non possum facere vel pati, quin. 

He Chose rather to return, than — ; 
redire maluit, quaiu^ ; Cic. 

It is of our own Choosing j a vo- 
luntate nostra'proficiscitur ; Cic. 

He hath time given him to Choose 
in ; tempus ad deligendum datum est ; 

/ camiot Choose hut weep, cry out; 
nequeo quin Jachrymem ; Ter. Non 
possum quin exclamem ; Cic. 

Let her Choose ivheiher she will or 
710 ; non fiat, si iion vult; Plaut. 

The mind cannot Choose but be 
doing ; nihil agere animus non potest; 

We may Choose ; in nostra potes- 
tate est ; Cic. 

Choose you whether you had 
ratlier have; utro frui raalis, optio sit 
tua; Cic, 

Choose it ; quid raea ; Ter. 

To Choose one fellow of a allege ; 
cooptare in collegium ; Cic. 

They Chose me to he their arbitra- 
tor or judge ; me ceperunt arbitrura. 

Let him Choose one of the people; 
sumat aliquem ex populo ; ubi, sumere 
est pro, eligere, apud Piaut. 

He was elected and Chosen not so 
much by men, as by God himself; non 
tarn homiHum sufFragiis, quam divini 
numinis calculo delectus atque ascitus 

To Choose aZi the best; optima quae- 
que seligere. 

We ought not only of evils to Choose 
the least, but also to pick out if there 
be any thing tJiat is good in them ; non 
solum ex maiis oportet eligere minima, 
sed etiani excerpere ex ipsis oportet, si 
quid insit boni. 

Titus Gracchus was Chosen in his 
place ; in ejus locum T. Gracchus erat 

He was elected and Chosen by the 
common and public approbation and 
assent of them all ; suramo consensu, 
omnium sententia, omnium comproba- 
tione, constitutus, designatus, allectus. 

To pick and Choose the best; com- 
modissima qujeque excerpere. 

If I might Choose, or, were itin my 
choice ; si mihi esset integrum ; si mihi 
daretur optio. 

There is no Choosing, where every 
thing is so choice ; nihil non est opti- 



A CHURL ; rusticus, inurbanus» 
rudis, barbarus, Demea, agrestis, sor- 
didus, illiberalis, parens. 

Churlish ; inafFabilis, inclemens, 
inhumanus, asper, inurbanus, tetricus. 

You are so froward and Churlish 
tluit no man cares for your company, or ^ 
desires to be acquainted with you ; ni- 
mium acerbus es, nimium in consuetu- 
dine difficilis, durus, asper ; tua consue- 
tudo difficiiior est; abest consuetude 
tua ab omni suavitate ; non ea est consu- 
etudo tua, quae propter suavitatem expe- 
tatur; minime jucundaest, amarapotius 
atque odiosa tua consuetudo ; quis na- 
turae tuae perversitatem in consuetudine 
ferat? Quis te possit uti homiiie omni- 
um difficillimo, severissimo, asperrimo ? 
Quis tuam consuetudinem expetat, ca- 
rentem omni suavitate, nulla re jucun- 
dam ? asperitatis et perversitatis tantum 
habet natura tua, quantum in consuetu- 
dine ferri vix possit, vel potius plane 
non possit ; usus tibi nuUo cum homine 
diurnus intercedit ; ita ditRcilis ac durus 
es, iis moribus, eo praeditus ingenio. 
Neque beniguitas neque copia apud te 

CICERO; Marcus Tullius Cicero; 
Arpinas, homo novus, at orator sum- 
mus. Romani maximus auctor Tullius 
eloqaii. Disertissimus Rorauli nepo- 
tum. Optimus omnium palronus. Roma 
patrem patriaj Ciceronera libera dixit. 
Gloria Romanae togs. Varicosus Arpi- ^>^ 

To study Cicero above all; uni 
Ciceroni suum studium dicare, suam 
operam, studia, vigilias dare, dedere, 
tradere, addicere. Ad unum Cicero- 
nem suam operam conferre. Summum 
in uno Cicerone studium ponere, col- 
locare, consumere. Unius lectione 
pasci, unico capi, delectari, teneri. 

CIRCUMSPECT ; cautus, circura- 
spectus, oculatus, providus, considera- 
tus, prudens, cautus ; oculos in occipi- 
tid gerens ; Prov. a fronte simul et 
occipitio oculatus ; alter Janus ; ^rov.' 
Quadrabit vel in providura ac circum- 
spectum, vel in ancipitem et perfidum. 
Persius ; O Jane, a tergo cui nulla ci- 
conia pinsit ; sumptum a Jano bifronte, 
et sic dici potest ut in Prov. praeced. a 
fronte simul et occipitio oculatus, viz. 
quura indicabimus admirabilera rerum 
omnium cognitionem aut singularem 
prudentiam, quae constat non prabsen- 
tium modo scientia, sed et memoria 



praeterltorum, perspicientia ; de tali 
etenim rccte versiim hunc usurpabi- 
nius : Quae sint, quae fuerint,qua3 mox 
Ventura trahantur J Virg. 

Very Circumspect j percautus, 

To be Circumspect or wary ; ca- 
vere, providere, prbspjcere, circuraspi- 
cere, advigilare j rationeni veluti ducem 
sequi ; ralione et consilio omnia fa- 

/ wish you may be Circumspect in 
that affair; ut cogitationera hiijus rei 
suscipiatis, velim. 

A CITY ; urbs, civitas. 

A little City ; urbecula, civitatula. 

A City or town walled; oppiduni. 

A chief City ; metropolis, f. 

A City or town incorporate, having 
their laios and offices ; municipiura,-ii, 
n. Municipes sunt cives Romani, ex 
municipiis, legibus suis et sue jure 
utentes, maneris tantum cum pop. Ro- 
mano lionorarii participes ; a quo mu- 
nere capessendo appellati vldenturj 
Gel). 16. 13. 

Dwelling w a City ; urbailus, adj. 

Near the City, or pertaining to the 
citj ; suburbanus. 

A City great and mighty ; urbs, ci- 
vitas amplissima, omatissima, celeberri- 
ma, copiosa, munitissima, florentissima, 
agipla, et potens ; et situ loci et de- 
scrip tione sedificiorum elegantissiraa, 
inprimis nobilis. Oppidum praecla- 
rum, et ingenio loci et solerti opera 

To make free qf a City j civitate 
don are. 

To banish out of the City ; alicui 
aqua et igni interdicere j hominem pro- 

Not very far from the City ; non 
ita procul ab urbe. 

I lived a City life; vitara urbanam 
secutus sura ; Ter. 

He threatened the City with fire 
and sword ; urbi fernun ilammamque 
niinitalus est; Cic. 

Plots are laid to destroy the City ; 
inita sunt consilia urbis delendae. 

Very few accompanied him out of 
the City ; ex urbe parura comitatus 
exiit; Cic. 

To leave, quit, fly out of the Cityj- 
profugere ex urbe ; Caes. 

The City is up in arms ; civitas in 
armis est; Caes. 

It is free for any nian in the City j 


omnibus civibus patet ; Cjes. ♦ 

He is made governor of the City j 
urbi praeficitur; Ca3s. 

A Citizen ; civis, municeps; c. g. 

The company or estate of Citizens ; 
civitas, civium societas. 

A good Citizen, or a good subject 
will liave his chief regard to the public 
weal, or to the commonwealth; boni - 
civis est publica curare. Boni civis 
est, ad bonum civem pertinet, bonuni 
civem decet, suam voluntatem ad pub- 
licam causam aggregare, accoramodare, 
adjungere, conferre, cum publica causa 
coujungere, inomni suavoluntate, quid 
rationes publicae ferant, quid respub, 
postulet, spectare, intueri, attendere ; 
nihil unquam velle a publica re sejunc- 
tum, alienum, disjunctura, separatum, 
remotum, quod reipub. rationibus non 
conducat, expediat, utile sit; quod 
reipub. commoda non postulent. 

Show yourself a good Ci'Tiz^v ; take 
heed you be not found an ill suf^ect ; 
da operam, enitere, ut bonum civem, 
bonum te civem praebeas, praistes, ut 
boni civis partes tue^re, sustineas, agas ; 
exaequare, ut boni civis officio satisfa- 
cias, ut ea praestes quae bonum civera 
decent, quae expectantur ab eo qui 
boni civis nomen aucupatur ; noli 
committere, cave ne boni civis in officio 
reprehendaris ; ne boni civis officium 
praetermittas ; ne quid a te fiat, ne 
quid committatur bono cive minus dig- 
num, indecorum bono civi ; ne civis 
ejus, qui civitate dignus haberi velit, 
partes in te requirantur, officium in te 
desideretur J. obeunda tibi sunt, prae- 
standa sunt, non negligenter aut Ian- 
guide munera boni civis. Non repre- 
liendar in officio boni civis ; non cora- 
mittam, ut officium boni civis in me 

A triumphant City ; urbs trophaeis 
ornata, triumphis ditata. 

A maritime City; urbs maritima, 
mari vicina, mari congrua. 

In that City where reason itself, 
and civility or mjoderation of life and 
manners, is, as it were, naturally bom, 
bred, or nourished ; in ea urbe ubi nata 
et aha est ratio et vitse moderatio ; 

That City divine providence esta- 
blished for the seat of the empire, the 
castle or fortress of the people, the 
light of the nations, and the theatre of 
the whole world f Ifc. ; hanc, divina dc- 


signavit tnanus, sedem imperii, arcem 
pojftjiorum, lumen gentium, theatrum 
orbis terrarum, &c. ; Cic. 

A tnost stately City or town, strong* 
ly fortified both by nature and art ; 
oppidum eleganiissimura, loci ingenio 
et solerti opera permunitiim. 

A CLAMOR, or cry ; clamor. 

To Clamor, or make an outcry; 
claraare ; magna contentione clamare, 
exclamare, vociferari. Plenis faucibus 
ejulare. Ingenti clamore obstrepere. 
Magna vociferatione uti, strepitu tur- 
baa dare, turbare, perturbare, complere 
omnia. Altissima voce, tragice, quam 
potest raaxime, altissinie, exclamare. 
Magnos, ingentes clamores tollere, 
edere. Vocem contentiusemittere, ni» 
mis intendere, contendere. Stentore 
clamosior. Quantum potero voce con- 
tendam, ad ravim usque. — Jactare ad 
sidera voces. Magno clamore freme- 
bant. Clamas ut Stentora vincere pos- 
sit. Fertur ad astra sonus. It clamor 
ooelo. Sublatus ad aethera clamor. 
Ferit ardua sidera clamor, ingeminat, 
se lollif ad auras. Resonant magnis 
clamoribus zedes. — Cavae clamoribus 
sdes foeraineis resonant. 

A CLAP, or crack; crepitus,-us, m. 

A Clap, &r blow ; ictus,-us, m. 

At one Clap ; unoictu. 

A Clap of thunder ; fulmineus fra- 

To Clap hands ; plaudere. 

To Clap the wings ; quatere vel 
concutere alas ; alis plaudere. 

To Clap, or give one a clap ; ferire, 

To Clap an actor on the stage; 

To Clap the door to; claudere os- 
tium cum fragore. 

To Clap, or wrap up together ; col- 

To Clap up an agreement, Sfc. ; 
finire, consummare. 

To Clap up in prison ; compingere 
in carcerem. 

To Clap in, act. ; immittere. 

To Clap in, neut. ; irruere. 

To Clap one on the back ; demul- 

To Clap on a piece ; assuere. 

A Ci^Avvi^iG of the hands ; plausus, 
applausus, ni. 

The Clapping of the wings; jac- 
tatns pennarum. 

The Clapper of a bell; campanae 



malleus, raartellum. 

A Clapper of amill; crepitaculum. 
A Clapper of a door ; comix pul- 
satoria, marculus. 

To Clap spurs to the horse ; equo 
calcar (calcaria) addere, adbibere, ad- 
movere, subdere, equum calcaribus con- 
citare ; Ovid. Liv. Flaut. Cic. 

BoySf Clap your hands; pueri plau- 
dite; Plant. 

To Clap one's hands aloud ; plau- 
sum clarum dare j manibus clare plau- 
dere ; Plaut. 

Clap wp a bargain with ApeUafor 
the pillars ; cum Apella confice de co- 
lumnis ; Cic. 

Clap up a bargain vnth him at any 
rate — ; ut secura aliquid qualibet con- 
ditione transigeret — ; Cic. 

All on a sudden there arose a stoiin 
with a loud Clap of thunder; subito 
coorta est tempestas cum magno fra- 
gore, tonitribusque ; Liv. 

He will Clap his right hand on his 
breast and pray ; dextra pectori ap- 
plicata, Dei noraen invocabit. 

He shot the pigeon as she was 
Clapping her wi7igs; alis plaudentem 
ligit columbam ; Virg. 

An ill Clap ; magnum malum ; ca- 
sus acerbus ; infortunium crassum ; 
Ter. Virg. Plaut. Jactura atque dam- 
num ; damnum maximum ; Cic. Ter. 

The door gave a great Clap ; fores 
hae crepuerunt clare ; Plaut. 

To CLAW, or scratch; scabere, 
scalpere, fodicare. 

To Ci. AW f or flatter ; palpare,blan- 
diri, demulcere. 

A Claw ; unguis, m. 

Clavsted ; laceratus unguibus. 

A ChAVf-bdck, or flatterer; pal- 
po, m. 

They Claw ona another; tradunt 
operas mutuas. 

Claw me, a7id I will claw you; 
da mihi mutuum testimonium. 

Clawing, i. e. flattering ; adula- 

Having Claws; unguibus instruc- 

Having great Claws; unguibus 

CLEAN, or pure ; mundus, tersus, 
immaculatus, purus. 

Clean, or neat ; politus, expolitus, 
nitidus, elegans. 

Quite and Clean ; funditus, radici- 
tus ; prorsus, omuino. 



To be Clean ; nitere, enitere, niles- 

To Cleanse, or make clean ; pur- 
gare, expurgare, mundare, eniaculare. 
Sordes, labes, niaculas abluere, eluere, 
detergere, auftrre, delete. Sentinam 
raagnam, perniciosam exhaurire. Pur- 
gatum, punim, mundum reddere, fa- 
cere. Maculis, sordibus liberate. — 
Maculas Isesis de vestibus aufert. 

To make Clean by wiping, as, 
shoes ; abstergere, detergere : as, the 
nose; emungere. 

To make Clean by washing ; ablu- 
ere, eluere, diluere. 

To make Clean by brushing ; ever- 

To make Clean by scouring; ema- 

To Tnafce Clean by filing; elimare. 

They are Clean as a clock, as a 
penny ; nihil videtur raundius ; Ter. 

They become Clean otherwise; fi- 
unt contraria ; Cic. 

The most men do Clean contrary ; 
quod a plerisque contra sit ; Cic. 

Therefore the vessels must be the 
oftener made Clean ; ob id vasa cre- 
brius mundanda ; Plin. 

They make their feathers and quills 
Clean ; plumam pinnasque eiuun- 
dant ; Colura. 

We shall give them the Cleanest 
water that can be ; quam purissiniam 
prffibebimus aquam ; Colum. 

I am of a Clean contrary opinion ; 
ego' longe secus exjstimo ; Cic. 

This waistcoat is Clean enough ; 
haec subucula satis est mundaj Lud. 

A Clean, or pure heart; corpurura, 
mundum, tersum ; conscia mens recti ; 
cor liberum, et a vitiis castum ; expur- 
gatum a peccatcrum sordibus ; nuUius 
sibi mali conscium ; sine macula, sine 
labe, sincerum ; bona fide, recta raente, 
aliquid facere, cfficere. 

To Cleanse, or purge by sacrifice; 
piare, expiate, lustrare. 

Cleansed by water; elotus ; by 
sacrifice; expiatus. 

Cleansed from dregs arid filth; 
defa>catus, depuratus. 

CLEAR, or pure ; purus, liquidns, 
limpidus. Bright; lucidus, clatus. 
Fair; serenus, candidus, almus. Calm; 
inipertutbatus, setenus. Plain; mani- 
festus, evide«s, luculentus. Entire; to- 
tu9, integer. Simple; simplex, pUrus, 


merus. Easy ; facilis, proclivis. 

Clear like glass; vitreus. Clear 
without mixture; mcracus. Clear 
u'itJiout elands; innubiliis, serenus. 
Clear that one may see through ; pel- 
lucid us, ttanslucidus, perspicuus, lim- 

Clear without dregs; detecatus. 
Clear of sight; oculatus, perspicax, 
CleRT fromtiebt ; solutus foenote. Clear 
from guilt ; insons, innoxius, immu- 

A house Clear from the infection ; 
domus contagione libera. 

A Clear judgment ; acutum, per- 
spicax judicium.' A clear spring; 
fons illimis, perspicuus. 

A Clear sight; clara oculonim 
seu mentis acies. 

A Clear estate ; opes intactae. A 
clear reputation ; bona fama ; faraa illi- 
bata. Clear or bright weather ; luci- 
dum, sudum ccelum. 

A Clear fire; focus luculentus. 
A clear voice ; limpida, iiquida, canora 
vox. A clear sound; acutus sonus. 
Clear wine; vinum metacum. 

The coast w Clear j vacua, non 
impedita via. 

It is a Clear case ; li^uido patet. 

With a Clear conscience ; liquido. 

A Clear day ; coelum mite sere- 
nuni, nee ulla usquam nubecula offus- 
catura. Vide ut blandiatur ccelum. 
Dies clara, nitida, pura, placida, amoe- 

To be Clear ; clarere, clarescere, 
nitere, elucere. 

To become Clear ; lucescere, illa- 
cescete, inclarere, albescere. 

It Clears up; albescit lux^ dies 

It is Clear, or apparent; liquet, 
claret, imp. 

To Clear, i. e. to make clear, fair, 
or bright ; collustrare, illustrare, eluci- 
date, serenare, clarificare, purificare. 

To Clear, or acquit ; absolvere, ex- 
cusare, expurgate. 

To Clear, or pure himself ; pur- 
gaie se ; eluete, diluere, excutete cri- 
men J crimina sibi objecta, criminatio- 
nem diluere, dissolvere, Se noxa, cul- 
pa eximere,exsolvere ; innocentom pro- 
bare ; ctiniinis accusatione, judiciorum . 
poena liberare ; reum a criraine, a cul- 
pa expedite. Criminis suspicionera a 
se amoliri. Ingenii prfesidio innocen- 
tiam suam tueri, ad salutera vooare : 



quod objectum est, vitio datum, pro- 
pulsare, refellere, nihil tale factum 
ostendere, Calumniam ubterere, ob- 

Most Clear, manifest, or evident ; 
sole meridiano clarius nitens ; solarihus 
radiis lucidius radiantibus ; vitream 
liabens perspicuitatem ; quod vel coeco 

-4s Clear as day; luce clariora j 

He Clears himself very much; 
purgat se niullum ; Cic. 

Let me Clear myself ; sine me ex- 
purgein ; Ter. 

To Clear one of a fault ; aliquein 
ex criniine eripere ; de crimine pur- 
gare ; Cic. Ter. 

Clear yourself of this blame; te 
hoc criniine expedi ; Ter. 

These things are so Clear, there is 
710 need of dispute about it ; haec ita 
sunt in promptu, ut res disputatione 
non egeat ; Cic. 

That I account to be all Cle»ar 
gain ; omne id esse in lucro deputo ; 

/ am Clear against it ; animus ab- 
horret a — ; Cic. 

It is a Clear case, or it is clear 
that it is so ; palam est ; njanifeste pa- 
tet : pcrsplcuuni est ; Cic. Plin. 
~i am Clear of another opinion; 
longe mihi alia mens est ; Sail. Secus 
existimo ; Cic. 

It is a Clear sky ; a fine clear 
day; sudum est; Plant, coelum se- 
renum est ; Mart. 

/ promised to Clear it by .wit- 
nesses ; id testibus me poUicitus sum 
planum facturum ; Cic. 

Come, Clear up your brow ; fron- 
teai exporrige. 

/ am Clear out of love with my- 
self ; totus displiceo mihi ; Id. 

/ am Clea r from this fault ; a me 
culpa ha;c procul est; Ter. 

To Clear a doubt; rem dubiam 

To keep Clear of danger; pericu- 
lum vitare. 

Ci.EAn-sighted ; perspicax. 
Cvi.AJi-spirited; sincerus, Candidas. 
Clearly, or wholly ; in totum, 

TV) CLEAVE, cut, ok divide; finde- 
re, discindere, secare. 

To Cleave asunder; act., diffin- 
dere ; neut., dehiscere, findi. 



To Cleave, or chap as the ground 
rim as agere, dehiscere. 

To Cleave, or stick fast to ; ad- 
hsBrere, adhaerescere. 

To Cleave in, or to ; inhaerere. 

To Cleave together ; cohaerere. 

To Cleave, or grow together; coa- 

Cleaving, or sticking; glutinosus, 

Cleaving/cw^; affixus. 

Let us Cleave the wood with 
wedges ; sciudamus (findamus) lignum 

Envy Cleaves close to those that 
are highest ; invidia altissimis adhaeret ; 

It Cleaves to the rocks; ad saxa 
adhaerescit ; Cic. 

He Cleaves the air; aera findit ; 

To Cleave -to pleasures; inhaerere 
voluptatibus ; Cic. 

Can this sin Cleave to this man ? 
potest hoc homini huic haerere pecca- 
tuni ? Cic. 

Tliey Cleave as to a mother ; sicut 
matri inhaerent ; Colum. 

To Cleave an oak; quercum cuneis 

To CLIMB, to mount, to ascend ; 
ascendere, conscendere ; niti gradibus. 

To Climb up to the top of the house; 
summi fastigia tecti ascensu superare ; 
Virg. Evadere ad summa fastigia cul- 

To CLINCH ; contrahere, stringere, 

To Ci.i^cn,one'sJist; pugnum con- 

To Clinch anaiZ; inflectere, retun- 
dere, repangere. / 

To C^LiTsiCH together ; compriraere. 
A CLOCK ; horologium. 

What o'clock is it ? quota est ho- 

A CLocK-wiafeer ; faber horologiari- 
us, automatarius. The art of making 
clocks ; autoraataria. 

What o'clock do you think it is 
new ? quara horam censes nunc esse ? 
Lud. Viv. See what o'clock it is ; 
contemplare quota sit hora. See what 
o'clock it is both by the clock and by 
the dial ; aspicito et in horologio ma- 
chinali quae sit hora, et in gnomone. 

It is a little past Jive by the Clock ; 
in horologio digitus indicat horam paulo 
plus quintam. About four o'clock ; 

206 C L 

^ora circiter diei quarta ; Cffis. About 
eight o'clock j octavam circiter horam ; 
Hor. Before ten o'clock j ante horam 
decimam ; Cic. 

They are as cler-n as a Clock ; ni- 
liil vjdetur mundius ; Ter. 

CLOSE, or thick ; densus ; near as 
houses are; contiguus ; hidden; oc- 
cuitus, abditus, absconditus ; sile7it 
or still; tacitus, nmius ; resetted; 
taciturnus ; secret; aicanus, secretus ; 
fast ; finmis. 

Ci^osE-fisted or covetous; parcus, 
avarus, tenax. 

Ci.os^ together ; conjunctus ; adv., 
conjuncte. Close together, of farts; 
continuus. Close or.7iarrow; angus- 
tus, arctus. 

Close or dark iveather ; aer tenc- 
brosus, nubilum caelum. 

A Clctse or pasture ; jseptum^ ag^er 
clausus, clausula. 

Close by ; in propinquo, in proxi- 
f mo. 

To keep Close to one ; cohterere. 
Tfypu can sit Close ; si arete pote- 
ris accubare j Plaut. To follow one 
close ; instare vestigiis ; Flor. 

To keep a thing Close, secret ; rem 
ceiare ; clam habere ; Ter. 

As Close as could be ; quam maxi- 
nie celatim poteral ; Cell. 

Envy sticks Close to those that are 
highest; invidia altissimis adha?retj 

Close by the lake there is a hand- 
mill ; apud ipsum lacura est pistiilla ; 
. Ter. 

Others are more Close ; czeteri tec- 
tiores sunt; Cic. 

He showed him a certain Clo'se, 
i^ c. enclosure ; ei quendam conseptum 
agrum cstendit ; Cic 


ceratus. To keep close to his studies; 
in studia diligenter incumbere. 

If you are wise, keep Close what 
you know ; tu si sapis, id, quod scis, 

Closilv, or covertly ; tecte, dissi- 
niulanter, occulte, clanculum. 

Closeness, or nearness ; propinqui- 
tas, proximitas. 

Closeness in counsel ; reces3us,-us, 

CLOTH ; paniius, tela. 
To he supplied with meat, di^ink, and 
Cloth ; ab aliquo ali et vestiri. 
To Clothe ; vestire, arnicire. 
To find one meat, drink, and Cloth ; 
alere et ve?tire. 

Meat, drink, and Cloth ; victus et 

A table-Ci.OTH ; mappa. To lay 
the Cloth ; itistruere nicnsam. 

A CLOLD; nubes, nubis, f. A 
little cloud; nubecula, nebula. To 
cloudy or darken ; obuubiiare. 
Cloudy ; nubilus, nebulosus. 
Cloudy iceather; coehim nubilum, 
obductum nubibus ; nebulosus aer. 

Cloudy mor7iings turn to clear even- 
ings; non si male nunc, et olim sic 
erit ; Hor. 

A CLOWN ; agrestis, colonus, 
rusticus. Villanus. llusticanus vir. Ho- 
mo rusticus, iucultus, borridus, sutdi- 
dus, agrestis, iiihumanus, ii'.urbanus, 
animo agresti et duro. Qui niri a^si- 
duus semper vixit. Ex hara product us. 
Abcst non minus ab urbanitate, quam 
ab urbe procul. Cui nihil fere inest 
Ininianum pnvter formam. Moribus 
iuconditis, inculfis, inipolitis. Male 
moratus, tornatus. Qui assidua con- 
suetudine cum pecoribus atque jumen- 
tis in bnitum fere animal transiit, de- 

It must by all means be kept C1.0SE ; generavit. Corydon. Hirsutus, et du- 

quoquo pacto tacito est opus ; Ter, 

lie pitched his tents Close by the 
wall; juxta murum castra posuitj 


Long Close boats; naves longae 
tectie ; Caes. 

Tliey were set Close by one another ; 
junctim locahantur ; Gell. 

To keep a thing Close 
ceiare, reservare. 

ra rusticitate trux. 

To play the Clown ; inurbane sc 

Clownish ; rudis, inurbanus, infa- 

Somewhat Clownish ; subrusticus, 

A CLUB; clava. fustis. A little 
contegere, club ; clavicula. 

A Ci^vB, or society of friends ; sym- 

To keep Cl.ose in ; coercere. positnn. A c\uh of wits ; synodus in 

To stand Close ; densare ordines. geniorum. 
To We close; abdere se. To Club his money, or wit, Sfc. ; 

A CtosE prisoner; vinctus, incar- , symbolam conferre. 


c o 

To he every man his Club ; a syra- 
bolis esse. 

CwB law in company ;. jus societa- 
ti», give sYmb(»lare. 

A CLUTrER or stir; inotus, tu- 

To make a Clutter ; tunniltuari, 
tufbas cicie. 

To keep a Clutter ; importune ob- 

.4 COAT,a garment ; tunica. Coat- 
ed ; tunicatus. 

A Coat with sleeves ; tunica mani- 
cata, niauuliata. 

A Coat down to one's heels ; tunica 
talaris, podcris. 

A Waist-CoAT', indusiura, subucula. 
A Coat of arms; insigne gentili- 

The horse casts his Coat ; eqaus 
inutal pilos. 

My Coat must pay for that ; isthjec 
in nxe cuditur faba. 

Tn Coat, or put on a coat ; tunicare, 
tunicaui induere. 

Cut your Coat according to your 
cloth; si nou possis quod velis, velis 
id quod possis. 

A COBBLER; cerdo, suppactor. 
Let not the cobbler go beyond his l<xst ; 
ne sutor ultra crepidam. 

COIN, or money ; moneta, pecunia, 
aes signatum. 

Counterfeit Coin j nuraraus adul- 

To Coin, or make money; cudere, 
nuniraura signare, ferire, percutere ; 
argentura, aurum excudere. 

To make false Coin j numraos adul- 

A false Coiner ; nummorum, mo- 
netae adulterator. 

To clip the king's Coin ; nammos 
publicos accidere. 

To Coin stories, S^c. ; fingere, effin- 
gere, coraminisci. 

COLD, a substant. ; frigus,-oris, n. 

A very great cold ; frigus veheraentis- 

simum. A little coldj frigusculuui. 

A stiff-Coi.D ; rigor. A chill-cold ; 

algor. A shivering cold ; horror. 

To catch Cold ; contrahere frigus. 
To have a cold, or to be troubled with 
cold ; laborare ex frigore. To shiver 
with cold ; horrere. To be stiff toith 
cold ; obrigere. 

Cold, an adj. ; frigid us. Cold or 
chill ; algidus. Cold as ice ; gelidus. 
Coid, or stiff with cold j frigidiusculus. 

C O 207 

To be Cold, or to suffer cold ; frige- 
re, algere, rigere gelu, obrigere hyber- 
no frigore ; frigore obrigescere ; con- 
fici frigore ; hjbernis mensibus, tempc- 
ribus, frigore concuti, glacialem icluin 

The leaves fall by reason of the 
Cold weather ; frigore lapsa caduiit 

Rivers are frozen by the Cold ; 
concrescunt current! in flumine crustae ; 
Undaque jam tergo ferratos sustinet 

His heart is very Cold ; gelido fri- 
gore pectus aslrictura est. 

As Cold as [ice ; frigidior hyeixie 
Gal Ilea. It is very cold ; adraoduni 
frige t. 

His love is not Cold ; tmor illi non 

To grow Cold ; frigescere. The 
blood grows cold for fear ; sanguis ge- 
lidus formidine diriguit. By delay the 
mutter grows cold ; difFerendo res elaii- 

A Cold north wind ; horrifer Bore- 

To receive one Coldly ; frigide ali- 
quem excipere. " 

A COLOR ; color, tinctura. 
A perfect, full, and deep Color ; 
color satur, plenus, abundans, largus. 

A durable and lasting Color ; co- 
lor pertinax. A fading, decaying, or 
dead color ; color evanidus, fugax. 

A lively, bright Color ; color florl- 
dus, vividus, vegetus. A dark, dusk- 
ish or sad color j color sHrdus, auste- 
rus, lentus. 

Color in grain; dibaphus, Gr. i. e. 
bis tinctus. 

A weak and imperfect Color ; co- 
lor dilutus, remissus, luridus. A faded 
color ; color obsoletus. A counterfeit 
or false colpr ; fucus. 

Painters^ Colors ; pigmenta. The 
ground color ; sublitio. 

A Color, or pretence ; praetextus, 
species. Under color ; pnetextu, ob- 
tentu, simulatione, specie. 

To Color; colorare, tingere, infi- 

To Color, or pretend ; infucare, 

Under C01.0T1. of a peace, a leagtie; 
sub specie pacis ; sub umbra foederis ; 
Liv. Under color of respect, friend- 
ship, a feast; per simulationem offi- 
cii, amicitiae, coavivii ; Tacit. 



He easily discerns that Color j 
eum colorem facillime speculatur ; Co- 

As soon as ever they saw our Co- 
lors ; simul atque nostra signa vide- 
runt ; Cffis. They carried their colors 
with them to Curius ; signa ad Curium 
transferunt; Caes. To run to their 
colors J se ad signa legionum recipere ; 
Caes. To leave (forsake) his colors ; 
run from — ; ab signis discedere ; mi- 
litaria signa relinquere ; Caes. 

To advance the Colors in giving 
a charge ; inferre signa ; Caes. To 
follow their colors ; signa subsequi ; 
Caes. Ill-co\oTed, or that has lost its 
color ; decolor. 

Par^jZ-CoLORED ; discolor. 

Of the same Color ; concolor. Of 
sundry colors j multicolor. That 
changes color ; versicolor. 

His Color changes, or comes and 
goes ; non constat ei color. 

He ran from his Colors ; signa re- 
liquit, ab signis discessit. He advan- 
ced the colors and charged ; in hostem 
bigna intulit. 

To COMB, or dress the hair ; capil- 
]um, comam, crines pectere, pexere, 
omare, coraponere. Calamistrata coma. 
Caput comere ; pectine eburneo cora- 
ponere, percurrere.— Cj^toriaco deducit 
pectine crines, Et quid se deceat 
speculum consulit. Colere arte capil- 
los ; torquere ferro. Ordine, in sta- 
tione capillos, crines ponere. Turbatos 
pectere crines. Auro ornare capillos, 
Pectine compta Venus. 

To COMBAT J pugnare, praeliari. 

A Combat ; pugna, praelium ; mo- 
nomachiaj duellum, singulare certa- 
inen. , 

To fight a Combat or duel ; ferro, 
armis, gladiis, ensibus, inter se cominus 
pugnare, certare, decertare, depugnare, 
confligere, decernere, dimicare. Manus 
conserere. Ad manus venire. Ex pro- 
vocatione dimicare. Duellura coinmit- 
tere. — Inter se paribus concurrere telis. 
— Poscentem cum quo concurreret 
unus sustinui. Hectoreis solum con- 
currere telis. 

A Combatant ; pugil. 

To COMBINE; confei-re capita, 
consilia et operas conjungere ; inter se 
constringi, conciliari, coUigari, impli- 
cari, conjungi, conglutinari, teneri, 
connecti, cohaerere, devinciri, consoci- 
ari, mutuo quodam foedere, pactione, 


arctissimo societatis vinculo. Mutuam 
pactionem, societatem, confoederatio- 
nem inter se conflare, instituere, inire. 

A Combination, or conspiracy ; 
conjuratio, confoederatio. 

TwCOME; venire. To cova^ of- 
ten; ventitare. 

/ am Come ; veni, adsum. 

To Come opportunely ; in tempore ve- 
nis. Opportune te mihi,in ipso tempore 
ostendis. In tempore eccuin ipsum ob- 
viam. Optato, peroptato, exoptato, com- 
mode, percoiniuode, peropportuue, per 
tempuSjin ipso tempore, opportune ad- 
venis. Opportune te otFers. Non potu- 
isti magis per lenipus advenire quara 
advenis. Ipsa opportunitas non potuit 
opportunalius advenire. Atlemperaie 
hodie venit in ipsis nuptiis. Prae tem- 
poris articulo optime te offers milii. 
Gaudeo ; bene est me te jam vidisse j 
salve, ad te ibaiu ; adventum gratulor. 
Teipsum quaero ; expectabam, opperi- 
or, praGstolor ; nemo est quem mallem 
omnium, quem omnium magis viderem. 
Te optime video. 

To Come forth, or to go abroad ; exire 
in publicum ; prodire in orbis theatrum, 
in publicum j venire sub oculos ho- 
minura ; procedere in solem ; Ter. 
Prodire, venire, in lucem, sub homi- 
num conspectu, fee. Exire in ofiici- 

Behold he is Come ; eccum ipsum. 
Lupus est in fabula. Intervenit, inter- 
cedit, prassto est, adest, astat, instat, 
in praesentia est. Vox visa est, vocera 
audio, ipsum video. Ipse adest. Ip- 
sum videre laetor. In conspectum dari, 
incolumem rediisse gaudeo. Praesentera 
se sistere, exhibere, negotio iuteresse. 
— Coram quem quaeritis adsura. 

Come hither ; hue iter accelera ; 
hue gressus move, accurre hue ; Ter. 
Adsis, adesto, ades, absolute pro, veni, 
accede : fer pedem hue ; hue iter 
dirige ; hue contende ; hue flecte 
gressum ; adesdum, paucis te volo ; Ter. 

To Come to pass ; accidere, contin- 
gere, evenire. 

The butter is Come ; lac butyrescit, 
sive densatum est. 

All is Come out; rescivit omoem 
rem; Ter. All comes out ; erumpunt 
omnia ; Cic. 

/ will stay for you here till you 
Come out ; eao hie tantisper dum exis 
te opperiar ; Plant. 

/ had ill luck to Come hither ; baud 


auspicato hue me appuli ; Ter. They 
i:onie hither; hor?uiu pergunt ; Ter: 

There Came some to me; aliquot 
me adiere ; Ter. 

Hard to be Come at ; aditu diifici- 
lis ; Flor. 

He hardly misses a day but he 
Comes; never misses — ; dies fere 
nullus est quin ventitet ; Cic. Nun- 
quara unum idtermittit diem quin ve- 
niat ; Ter. 

His stomach is Come doicn ; jam 
raitis est ; — ira defenit ; Ter. Cic. 

This is Come as far as from Ethio- 
pia ; ex Ethiopia est usque haec j 

Thai saying is but neivly Come wp ; 
nunc deraum istiec nata oratio est : 

How should I Come to know it? 
qua resciscerera ? Ter, 

So Came we to know; inde est 
ccgTiitio facta ; Ter. 

None is able to Come near him ; ar- 
tifex longe citra aemulum ; Quint. 

/< Comes all to tJie same; eodera 
recidit ; tantundem egero ; Ter. 

It will CoiiK to nothing; in nihi- 
lura recidet ; Cic. 

He Came upon them as they were 
fortifying ; niunienlibus supervenit ; 

It Comes by too much ease ; fit ex 
niruiootio ; Ter. 

Whence Come you ? unde advenis ? 

When all Comes to all; ad extre- 
muni, tandem ; Cic. 

/ asked whence that letter Came ; 
qujesivi unde esset epistola ; Cic. 

/ know you do not Come abroad in 
public; scio te in publicum non pro- 
dire ; Cie. 

He Comes home from abroad ; per- 
egre redit ; Ter. 

In fourteen years' time they never 
Cam' into a house; intra annos 
quatuordecim tectum non suliierunt ; 

All the parts Come at lea^t to four* 
score ; fiunt oranes partes minimum 
octoginta ; Var. 

It Comes to be considered of ; in 
deliberationcm cadit ; Cic. 

As soon as ever we Came to land; 
ubi primum terram tetigimus ; Plaut. 

What does it all CoME*fo? seven 
thousand ; quanta istcec sumnia ? sep- 
tem millia ; Plaut, 



See what all my cunning is Come 
to ; hem astutia ; Ter. 

It is Come to pass ; evenit ; Ter. 
Thmce it comes to pass that — ; inde 
est, quod j ex eo fit [provenit] ut — ; 
Plin. Cic. 

If it loere of old age that that Came 
to pass ; si id culpa senectutis accide- 
ret; Cic. 

It Comes not to so much as you 
thought^ non respondet opinioni cal- 

Tliose books never Came to hand ; 
nunquam libri illi in manus inciderunt ; 

/Come again to that; redeo ad 
illud ; Cic. 

Come to the business again; ad 
rem redi ; Ter. Illuc redi quo ccepis- 
ti; lb. 

To foresee things to Come ; futura 
prospicere ; Cic. For time to come ; 
in posterura, in reliquum tempus ; 

If it should ever Come to that; si 
us us veniat ; Ter. 

If you can Come to speak with him ; 
si ipsum coram congredi potueris ; 

It tvill Come to some mischief or 
other ; evadet in aliquod malum ; 
erurapet in nervum ; Ter. 

It is Come to the last push; ad tri- 
arios ventura est. 

/ will not Come behind ; posteriores 
partes non feram ; Ter. 

Old age Comes creeping on ; sen- 
sim, sine sensu ajtas senescit ; Cic. 

Rather than you should Come into 
any danger — ; potius quam venias in 
periculura — ; Ter. 

He will Come to no trouble by tel- 
ling ; illi nihil pericli ex indicio erit ; 

lie does what Comes next to hand ; 
facit quod in proclivi est ; Ter. 

Come a little this way from the 
doors ; concede hue paululuui a foij- 
bus ; Ter. 

I shall be shut out from Co mi kg 
at — ; extrudar hinc ue accedam ad — ; 

What Comes of it at last? quid (t 
denique ? Ter. 

He will CoM^ presently; jam lie 
aderit ; Ter. 

I feared what woidd Come of it; 
metai quid futurum denique e5.«ei ; i\u\ 
evaderet ; quorsura iret j Ter. 



It is Come to his ear ; aures ejus 
res contigit j rem omnem rescivit : Juv. 

Indeed I Cok^ fairly off ; imo vero 
pulchre discedo et probe ; Ter. 

Is it Come to this, that — ? adeone 
res rediit, ut — ? Ter. 

Come of a good house, kindred j fa- 
mily ; genere bono, summo, loco summo, 
nobili ; familia nobili, cretus, creatus, 
natus, satus, ortus, editus, genitus, ori- 
undus ; Ter. Cic. 

Let me Come to myself a little; 
sine paululum ad me ut redeam ; Ter. 

Bid her Come back ; jube illam re- 
dire ; Ter. Did he not come hack to 
night 1 non rediit hac nocte? Ter. 

He is Come to the crown ; regnum 
adeptus esst ; Liv. 

I shall Come even with him; refe- 
rara illi gratiam ; Ter. 

It will Come to destruction by co- 
vetousness ; avaritia est peritura ; Cic. 

He Comes short of none for brave- 
ry ; splendore nemini cedit ; Cic. Non 
Jiiultum, aut non omnino Greecis cede- 
retur; Cic. 

It Came through negligence; fac- 
tum est negljgentia ; Cic. 

/ never thought it would liave Come 
to that, that — ; nunquam putavi fore, 
ut— ; Cic. 

'To give an answer to those that 
Come to you for counsel 4 tuis consulto- 
ribus respondere ; Cic. 

Nobody ever thought any of these 
things would have Come to pass; 
horum nihil ita fore palatum estj 

In this my friend Came behind, 
that — ; in hoc meus necessarius fuit 
inferior ; Cic. 

They Come often to our houses ; ab 
illis domus nostra ceJebratur ; Cic. 

He Comes prepared ; venit medita- 
tus; Ter. 

If it Come in my way; si quid usu 
veneritj Ter. 

Let fresh ones Come in the room 
of those that are weary ; intcgri defes- 
sis succedant ; Caes. 

They will Come Ji7'st — be tlie first 
that come ; primi venient ; Ter. 

Come, leave your grieving ; omitte 
vero tristitiam tuam ; Ter. 

The matter is Come to that pass 
that — ; in eum res rediit locum, nt — ; 

By some means or other it will 


Come to my father's ear ; my father 
will come to hear of it ; aliqua ad pa- 
trem hoc permanabit ; Ter. 

That mischief is yet to Come ; id re- 
statmihi mali j Ter. 

Come be of good cheer; quia tu 
anirao bono es 5 Ter. 

What will Come of it, if — ? quid 
futurum est, si — ? Petron. 

To Come near ; accedere, appropin- 
qua re. 

To Come short; deficere. 

To Come about one ; circumvenire. 

To Come a great way about; ire 
per ambages. 

What do you Come about J quid 
quseris ? 

To Come after, or folloto one ; se- 
qui, seclari, conseclari. 

To Come after one in a place ; suc- 

To Come aguitist one; invadere, 
adoriri, signa inferre. 

To Come along • procedere. 

To CoMEflf, or overtake ; assequi. 

To Come at, or obtain a thing ; ob- 
tinere, consequi, potiri. 

To Come behind one ; a tergosequi. 

To Come between ; intervenire. 

To Come by one ; prsterire. 

To C 


To Come 6i/ a thing ; nancisci, 

How Came you by it? unde 
nactus es ? 

To CojriE forward ; procedere, pro- 
gredi, promovere. 

To Come forward in learning; in 
studiis suis progressus facere. 

To Come in ; introire, intrare. 

To let one Come in; intromittere. 

Come in; i intro. 

To Come in request ; in honore et 
pretio esse, a?stin)ari. 

To Come in place ; coram adesse. 

To Come in one's way ; obviaiu se 

To Come in, i. e. to yield and sub- 
mit ; dedere se ; parere. 

To Come into danger, trouble, S^c. ; 
adire discrimen, molestiis implicari. 

What will Come of it? quo evasu- 
ra est base res ? 

To Come short of one ; longe infe- 
riorem esse. 

To Come off basely; turpiter se 
dare. To come off with credit; lau- 
dem ex re bene gesta promereri. 

To Co^iv. off conqueror ; palmam ob- 
tinere. To come off a loser ; perdere. 


To come off on equal terms; pariare, 
aequis conditionibus frui. 

To Come on one unawares ; oppri- 
inere inopinantem. 

ToCoMEOMf ; exire,egredi, excedere. 

To Come out, as the sun ; exoriri. 
To come out as blossoms; pullulare. 
To come out of the water ; emergere. 
To come out, as a book, when it is 
printed; edi, in lucem emitti, tj'pis 

Come out here ; apage, apagesis, a- 

To Come to, i. e. to cost ; constare. 

To Come to one's ear ; ad auresper- 

ToOoME to an end; ad exitum vel 
finem perduci. To come to an ill end; 
male interire. 

To Come to good, of a thing; pro- 
spere succedere: Of a person; in pro* 
bum virum evadere, friigi esse. 

To Come to hand ; occurrere. 

To Come to light; manifestari, ma- 
nifestum fieri. ' 

To Come to mind; in mentem ve- 
nire, subire aninuim. 

To Come to naught; incassum ce- 
dere, perire. 

To Come to himself ; ad se redlre, 

TV) Com e together ; convenire, coire, 

To Come up ; ascendere, sursura niti. 

To Come on one suddenly; inter- 
venire : With force ; adoriri, invadere. 

To Come down ; descendere. 

For the time to Come ; in futurum, 
in posterum, dehiiic. 

To Come into use or custom ; abire 
in morem, iu consueludinem venire, 
exire, jrrepere paulatim ; in usum abire, 
inolescere, inolere. 

This custom Come^ to be common ; 
scrpit ha?c consueiudo per homines. 

It CoMFS or rises from^ thence ; hinc 
vel inde proficiscitur, venit, provenit, 
profluit, manat, dimanat, oritur, surgit, 
tiuit, nascitur, exit, origiiiem ducit, per- 
manat. ' 

Hence Comes a great deal of mis- 
chief; hinc ortum est, natum est, malo- 
rum agmen ; hinc radix est malorura 

We perceive that all viUanies and 
wickednesses Come/t'ow one fountain ; 
ex ono ftmte omnia scelera manare cer- 
nimus; Cic. 

When it Comes to your turn; quum 
tuae vices fuerint. 



When we Come to die ; cum mors 

To COMFORT j solari, consolari, 
recreare, reficere. 

To be Contorted, or take comfort; 
solamen accipere, recreari, respirare. 

To Comfort or encourage; confir- 
mare, animos addere. 

Comforted ; allevatus, refooillatus, 
exliilaratus, part. 

To Comfort one in sorrow; suavi- 
tate verborbm alicujus dolorem minu- 
ere, delinire ; molestiam levare, alle- 
vare ; moerorem mitigare, luctum remo- 
vere ; do lores lenire ; fletum absterge- 
re J moestitiara excutere ; tristitiam lax- 
are ; jegritudini remediura, curaiionem, 
raedicinam ferre, afferre, adhibere ; ani- 
nium demissum, de'pressum erigere,sus- 
tentare ; moestum a tristitia ad jucundi- 
tatem, hilaritatera, Isblitiam, gaudium 
reducere, deducere, revocare ; anxiuin 
a solicitudine avocare, vindicare, a cu- 
ris liberare, abducere, vulnus animi sa- 
nare, mitigare. Calamitate oppressos, 
dolore confectos, aegritudine exhaustos, 
moestitia contabescentes, consolatione 
permulcere, suslinere ; erigere, reficere, 
recreare, replere gaudio. In summam 
miseriam redaclos cousolari. Animo 
laboranfi, SBgro, pessime afl'ectomederi, 
medicari; sfjlatium.-consolatiotiem pra;- 
bere, adhibere, dare, offerre ; remediura 
invcnire ; pristinam a?quitatem resti- 
ttiere. Aliquem jacentem excitare, in- 
diicere in spem ; languentem, afflictum, 
difl[identem rebus suis, in miseriis con- 
stitutum solatio sublevare, confimiare ; 
expectatione bonarum rerum erigere; a 
mcerore ad cogitationem bonorum revo- 
care. -Aliquid levationis raisero aflTene. 
— Lenire dolentem solando, — et dictis 
avertere curas. Mcerenti solatia dicere. 
Erigere, respicere et solari jacentem ; 
AUoquio levare, sustinere. — Dictis moe- 
rentia pectora mulcet. Dolorem verbis 
moderari. Solatur, minuitque metus. 

I want those Comforts ; ea me so- 
latia deficiunt ; Cic. 

It was some Comfort to me ; non- 
nihil me consolatur; Cic. Tliat is my 
comfort ; id mihi solatio est ; Plant. 

Comfort her all you can, give her 
all the comfort you can ; istara, quam 
potes, fac consolere ; Ter. 

You will give her some Comfort; 
illi animam relevabis ; Ter. 

C0MTOB.T yourself ; bono animo sis ; 

2'o be Comforted, or receive com- 



fort ; amicorum solatiis, consolatione 
in inaximis doloribus recreatus sum ; 
ad spem bonara reductus, revocatus, 
lion mediocriter confirmatus, erectus ; 
luctus mihi levatus est. In nnultis et va- 
riis molestiis, hccc una consolatio fuit; 
unicum erat solatium ; non mediocrem 
consolationem attulit,niagnae consolati- 
onis debet esse. In adversis casibus, in 
tnaximo meo luetu liac consolatione 
sanor ; solatio utor, fruor ; hjiec snnt 
solatia, haec fomenta summoruni dolo- 

Comfort or consolation; consola- 
tio, solatium, solamen, levamen. A 
Utile comfort ; solatiolum. 

CoMFOUTLESs; tristis, deploratus ; 
ab onini consolatione exclusus, conso- 
lationis expprs ; omnibus solatiis orba- 
tus, omni spe spoliatus, ab orani spe 
dereiictus. Est omnino vix consolabi- 
lis dolor. Omnia me solatia deficiunt. 
Cujiis luctus nullo solatio levari potest. 
Meo laboranti, fegrotanti aninjo, meis 
animi vulneribus remedia inulilia re- 
periuntur omnia ; nullum est quod me- 
deri possit remeditira. NulUis est qui 
meo dolori facere modicinam possit. — 
Inconsolabile vulnus Mente gciit. 

CoMFonx-ABLE; consolatione plenus. 

Comfortable and pleasant ; amcE- 
nus, jucitndus. 

The consideration of like examples 
in others Comforts the afflicted ; it is 
a comfort to have companions in mise- 
ry ; afflictis aliorum exempla solatio. 

This second reason or cause Com- 
forts me; altera haec ratio me con- 
solatur. Secundo loco me conso- 
latiir recordatio meorum temporum ; 
altera est ratio, qua? mihi solatium af- 
fert, prrobet, parit, solatio est; alterum 
illud est quo sustentor, recreor; iila 
est, quje me consolatur, altera ratio ; 
acccdit aliud ad animum meum susten- 
tandum, d^inde sustentor meorum nia- 
iorum memoria. 

Comfortless, or which cannot be 
comforted ; qui consolarianeniine que- 
at. Nihil est quod solatium, consola- 
tionem prafcbere, afferre, parere, solatio 
esse, consolationi esse mihi possit, nulla 
res est, quae recreare, reficere, levare, 
vindicare a dolore, liberare solicitudine, 
exiraere dolore, abducere a cura, avo- 
care a molestia, abstrahcre, avellere a 
mocrore animum menm possit; afflictura 
a moerore animum, langnentem, jaccn- 
tem erigere, cxcilare, confirmare, nulla 
jam consolatio potest ; affectum dolore 


animum sanare nulla ratio valet j^ labo- 
ranti animo, Eegrotanti, pessime alFecto 
mederi satis nulla ratio valet; parum 
apta remedia reperiuntur; inutilis, in- 
firraa,'inanis, supervacanea prorsus om- 
nis medicina est ; quis jam homo (di- 
cereu) nisi esset impium, quisjam Deus) 
animo meo virtut^m dolore ereptam re- 
stituere possit ? quis ea sanare vulnera, 
iis vulneribus medeii,medicinamafFerre, 
remedium invenire, quae mihi fortuna 
intulit, imposuit, influxit? ita dolore 
obruor, ut emergere nulla ratione pos- 
sim, ita raalis opprimor prorsus ut re- 
spirare non liceat ; respuit jam animus 
mens, quasi desperata salute, omnem 
medicinam, remedia cuncta, omnium 
consolationum genera ; frustra in me 
consolando ponitur opera, inanem ope- 
ram suniit, qui ad me consolandum ag- 
greditur ; insitus, infixus in aiiimo do- 
lor ita penitus est, ut evelii nulla ratione 
possit ; ut nulla vis rationum possit 
esse tanta, quae ilium ne die quidem 
velunico, possit evi^llerc, extrahere, e- 
ducere, eripere ; finem facere dolori 
meo, finem imponere, modum statuere, 
terminum statuere, dolori medicari, 
neqne homo est neqc.c res ulia, qura 
possit ; non est ut possim in dolore 
mihi tempcrare, dolore abstinere, dolo- 
reui sedare, abjicere ; raeipsum ad earn 
hilaritatem, eam jucunditatem, quam 
dolor ademit, revocare, referre me ad 
pristinau) animi aequitaiem, in euu) sla- 
tum, unde me dolor dejecit, deturbavit, 
dt'pulit, detrusit, rcstituere. 

This is an useful and not a necessary 
Comfort : Nothing is chiefly to be la- 
mented or grieved by any one, which 
befalls all and every one ; consolatio 
hajc utilis est si non nectssaria : niliil 
est prapcipue cuiquam dolendum, quod 
accidat universis ; Cic. 

Y^t nevertheless I am supported by 
that Comfort, which you^ O Brutus, 
have administered to me by your 
most acceptable letters ; verumtamen 
ea consolatione sustentor, quam tu 
mihi (Brute) adhibuisti literis tuis sua- 

Whilst a man's reputation is safe and 
unstained, honesty itself is a Comfort 
to poverty ; dum existimatio viri est 
inlegra, facile consolatur honeslas e- 
gestatem ; Cic. 

You have Comforted me so\ as if 
you had brought me from death to life 
again ; qui mortuum me reducem in 
luccm feceris ; Ter. 


We ought by Comforting and en- 
couraging, to endeavour to raise up tlie 
mind of our friend ca.ft down, and that 
he may recover himself into better hopes ; 
consolationibus eniti et efficere clebe- 
mus ut ararci jacens animus excitetur, 
atque ut inducat se in spem cogitatio- 
nenique lueliorem. 

By which Comforts of yours you 
have supported me when I was extremely 
afflicted ; quibus me consolationibus 
tuis languescentem sustentavisti j Cic. 

Free me, I pray you, from this grief j 
or, at least, lessen it by some Comfort, 
or counself or by wluttever means you 
can ; eripe inihi hunc dolorem, aut nii- 
nue saltern ; vel consolatione, vel con- 
8)Iio, vel quacunque re potes ; Cic. 

It remains that I should Comfort 
you, and offer you reasons, by which I 
may endeavor to take away your ginefs ; 
reliquum est ut le consoler, et afferara 
rationes quibus te a Jiiolestiis coner ab- 
ducere ; Cic. 

By his coming the soldiers began to 
hope, and their minds were Comfort- 
ed ; hujus adventu spes niililibus erat 
illata, etanimus eorum redintegrabatur ; 

In the greatest of my griefs, I es- 
teem this for my Comfort ; in maximo 
meo dolore, hoc solatio utor, fruor, me 
consolor; id ego quasi consolationis 
loco repono. 

My mind is Comforted whenever 
the report of your being beloved is 
brought hither ; assurgit animus meus 
quoties amabilitatis tu<e sermo hue dif- 

To COMMAND ; jubere, mandate ; 
aliquid raandare, ju-bere, praecipere, im- 
perare, edic'ere. Negotium alicui dare, 
tradere, demandare, injungere, irapo- 
nere. Dare alicui in mandatis. Cum 
raandatis aliquem raittere ; praeceptis 
onerare. Mandatura, in mandatis ha- 
bere, accipere. 

To Command or appoint ; indicere, 

To Command with authority ; im- 

To Command in the king* 8 name ; 

To Command to appear; evocare, 

To Command or give one order; 
praecipere, injungere. 

To be in Command j esse cum iiu- 



To Command hard, impossible 
things; mandare, jubere, &c. nirais 
dura, gravia, difficilia : res gravissimas, 
perdifficiles, difficillimas : laboris im- 
niensi, intolerandi : operae infinitae : 
difficultatis suraraas, inexpugnabiles, 
supra vires, qua; vires exuperant, nego- 
tii maximt. Graviora sunt, raajora, 
difficiliora quaa imperantur, quam ut 
praestari, perfici possint. Onera impo« 
nuntur graviora, quam sustineri pos- 
sunt : qufE humeri non valent, recusant 
ferre. Non est raearum virium ea prae- 
stare, exequi, efficere quae praecipiun- 
tur. Imperia Manliana ; cruel com- 

It is desirable to Command or have 
rule over many ; optabile est,imperium 
in multos habere, quibus liceat impe- 
rare, qui pareant iraperatis, quorum 
opera, jure tuo, pro tuo jure, pro po- 
testate possis uti, multis praeesse ; pa- 
ratos ad voluntatem, ad imperium, ad 
nutuni, habere multos. 

Octavius Commanded, or had com- 
mand over the fleet ; Octavius classi 
praerat j Paterc, 

He was not able to be out q/* Com- 
mand ; imperio carere non potuit ; 

He Commanded ^im to desist from 
his enterprise; jussit incepto desistere j 

The Command was obeyed; ohedU 
tum erat imperio ; Paterc. 

As often as it is Commanded j to- 
ties quoties praecipitur ; Cic. 

I come at the Command of Jove; 
jussu Jovis Tenio ; Plaut. 

Mummius the Consul was appointed 
to Command in that war ; destinatus 
ei bello gerendo Consul Mummius j Pa- 
terc. ^ 

To do as he is Commanded ; impe- 
rium exequi ; Plaut. Jussa capessere ; 

Vai^s said he had a [the'] Com- 
mand ; Varus imperium se habere dice- 
bat; Cic. 

He had the Command of Africa ; 
Africam obtinuerat ; Cic. He liad the 
command of a province; provinciam 
tenebat; Cic. 

Tliey are in chief Command, i. e. 
Commanders in chief; potiuntur rerum j 

To be at one's Command; — dj> 
as one shall be commanded ; quae <jui$ 
impcraverit facere j Cajs. — ut erit nu« 



peratuni ; C?es. Ready to do his com- 
mands ; Parati quae imperaverit facere ; 

To list one's self under one's Com- 
mand ; apud aliquem sacramentura di- 
cere ; Caes. 

Fo« Command or bid me do such 
things, which no man is able to do ; 
difficilia imperas. Soles ea mibi impo- 
ncre, quse sustinere vix possum ; ea 
imperas, prascipis,jubes ; mandas,com- 
mittis, qiire vires meas exuperaiit, quae 
prasslare, perficere, exequi vix possum , 
magni negofii est, summge difficuUatis, 
operai iipn exiguae, ad exitum ea per- 
ducere, quae in mandatis a te habeo ; 
Dura niniis, gravia, difficilia mihi im- 

A CoMscAND, or place o/" command ; 

At </iy Command ; tuo jussu. With- 
out command ; injussu. 

Commanded ; of things, mandatus, 
iraperaius : of persons, jussus. 

Commanded to appear ; citatus, 
evocatus, accersitus, accitus. 

A Commander or Officer ; praefec- 
tus niilitura. A Comraander-in-c/iie/"; 

I am Commanded that which I can- 
not accomplish ; imperatum, quod prae- 
stare nequeo. Imperas mihi, jubes, 
mandas, id fieri a me vis quod exequi, 
efficere, praestare neque debeo neque 
possum ; das mihi rem in mandatis pa- 
rum honestam, et ejusmodi, quae vires 
meas exuperat. 

A Commandment ; praeceptum, 

To beat one's Command ; alicui sub- 
servire, se totum dare, quae quis irape- 
ravit facere. 

A following one's Command j obse- 
quium, obtemperatio. 

To give Commandments to one 
about great affairs ; mandata alicui de 
rebus magnis deferre. 

This my father Commanded m£ 
on his death-bed ; hoc parens ajger de- 
cumbens mihi injunxit. 

Death Commands alL things; om- 
nia sub leges mors v'bcat atra suas ; 

He very speedily executed the king's 
Commands ; per-breviter et mature 
mandata regis excquutus est. 

He pttblished it by Command from 
the senate; senatusconsulto plebi e- 


To COMMENCE or begin ; incl- 
pere, auspicari. 

To Commence an action, or suit of 
law against one ; litem alicui inten- 
dere, dicam impingere ; aliquem in jus 

From that time he Commenced 
pleader ; turn priraom causas traclare at- 
que agere coepit. 

To COM^ENT) or praise ; laudare, 
deprcedicare ; verbis, laudibus, ornare, 
exornare ; de meliore nota commendare, 
suo calculo probare, coraprobare, om- 
nia bona de aliquo dicere. 

To Commend or commit to one's 
trust ; commendare ; mandare fidei ali- 

To Commend him to one ; imper- 
tire alicui saluteni, vel aliquem salute. 

Commend me to him; salutem ei 
die meis verbis. 

To Commend one by letters ; litera- 
rum significatione, causam alicujus gra- 
vissime commendare. Petere per lite- 
ras, ut aliquem aliquis officiis persequa- 
tur, humanitaie tueatur, protegal : in 
fidem, gratiara recipiat. Mirifico ge- 
nere commendationis ornare, juvare ali- 
quem ; omni studio, solicitudine, animi 
contentione, orare per epistolam, ut 
quis quem amore complectatur, juvet 
re. Non vulgari commendatione uti 
pro aliquo, alicujus gratia- Studiose 
per literas, magnopere, etiam atque 
etiam, diligenter commendare. — Alicui 
laudare et tradere dignum, &c. Hot, 
Epist. 19. 

Commendable ; laudabilis, laude 

/ Commended her ; earn collaudavi ; 

If she Commend his beauty ; si lau- 
dabit haec illius formam ; Ter. 

/ Commended you to him with all 
diligence, very earnestly, or heartily ; 
ei te commendavi ut diligentissime po- 
tui ; Cic. 

I Commend it to your care^ trust ; 
Hoc committo et mando tuaa fidei ; 

He Commends him very kindly to 
you ; plurima te salute impertit ; tibi 
multum salutis impertit ; Ter. Cic. 
Tibi salutem plurimam dicit, adscribit; 

You Commended him to the skies ; 
Quem tu verbis ad coelum extulisti ; 
Cic. / commend you to the skies before 
him ; facio te apud ilium deum ; Ter. 




/ see no cause why you should Com- reTi hoc artificio, hoc tiio quasi raerito 
MEND me so ; ego nihil leperio quara adjungas, ut milii gratificeris. 
ob rem tantopere laudcr ; I'er. To send Co3imendations ; salutem 

To Commend otie but slenderly ; de mittere, balutare. 
alicujus laiide parce dicere ; Cic. To ^ Commendation ming- /rowi rir- 
comnietid one to his face ; coram in os iue only ; laiis ex sola virtute. Tuse 
aliqueni laudare j Ter. sapientise est, vcram laudera in una 

He was Commended for his paint- virtute positani existiniarc ; pertinetad 
ing ; Hoc laudi datura est, quod pin- 
geret ; Cic. 

Commendations ; salus, salutalio. 

Letters of Commendations j com- 
Hjendatltiaj literae. 

Commendatory ; commendatitius. 

sapicntiani, spectat ad earn sapientiara, 
qua tu excellis ; est ejus sapientiee, 
qua; in te elucet, viget ; tuum est qui 
sapiens et haberis et es, qui sapientia 
praestas, abundas, in quo sapientia? plu- 
riiuuni est ; virum sapientem, qualis 
Breviusculae quaedam commendandi es tu, decet in aninium inducere, pro 
formulae : ^ certo habere, sic habere, ita credere, 

Album calculum addere. Cret^ no- existere veram laudem, n^isci, fluere, 
tare. Bona dicere omnia. Admirabi- manare, ab una virtute, verum decus 
lia de eo praedicant ; suft'ragiuin meum in una virtute situra esse, locatum, con- 
demeiebere. Omnium sententiis, stu- stitutum, solidam gloriam non aliunde 
diis, calculis approbatur; applauditur. quam a virtute pendere. To give one's 

Risu et bsculo excipere ; uno, pleno 
ore laudare. Ore ctmsono nuncupa- 
rent. Adorea aliquem afficere. Parit 
laudem et lauream. Tibi laudem in- 
signem defert. Suas lauros hederasque 
hat)tnt. Omne tulit punctura. Nun- 

commendations ; salutem ab aliquo di- 
cere, annunciare. 

A most earnest Commendation and 
praise ; cijramendatio d.ligentissima. 

I would have you believe^ that by 
whatever good offices in nil things 
quam satis laudata. Non poenitenda. you oblige Attictis, by my Co jamesda- 
Laus sonantior. Hoc ilii habcnt ut t\os of hini, by the same you also ob- 
cerebrura Jovis. Huic consilio pa!- lige me; te ita existimare velim ; qui- 
main do. Uberiore iaude mactare ali- buscunque officiis, rebus in omnibus 
qucm. ' Atticum mea commendatione obstrinx- 

You have done me a great pleasure eris, iisdem me tibi obligatum fore. 
in doing my Commendations ; grata Whatsoever good office, civility or 
saius alterius nomine dicta. Qiiod eura honor you confer and bestow, through 
salvere a me jus'seris, meo nomine salu- my Commendation, on my son-in- 
taveris, quod ei n)eis verbis salutem law^ I will take that as bestowed on 
dixeris, arno te plurimum. myself, and dune to my advantage; 

I Commend tliis business to you, I quicquid officii, beneficii, honoris in 
leave this matter to your honesty and generum meum, recommendatione mea 
discretion; commendo tibi banc rem, contuleris, id existimaho in u.eipsura, 
omnem tibi rem atque causam commen- atque in rem meam, te contulisse. 
do, atque trado ; ejus negotium sic ve- For I Commend him so to you, as 
lira suscipias, ut si essct res mea j tibi that I can comnwad none with greater 
commendo ac trado, ut gravissime, di- earnestness, and for more good and just 
ligentissiineque possum. reasons ; sic enim eum tibi commendo. 

To Commend others thereby to get ut neque majori studio quenquara, ne- 
himself more favor of them, to curry que justioribus de causis, comraendare 
favor by praising of men ; laus gratiie possini ; Cic. 

causa. Tantas in me laudes confers. Do so much, for friendship-sake, as 
effers me laudibusnon judicio tuo, me- to Commend me in your talk abroad, 
litove adductus meo, sed ut ineas a me or to speak icell of me, and to give me 
gratiam, gratise causa, ad coUigendam your good word and report ; tribuas 
benevolentiam ; gratiam meam his lau- hoc amori nostro, ut me honestes, Meis 
dibus aucuparis, das hoc auribus meis ; iibris velim, si minus ex animo potes, 
largiris mihi, non veritati ; auribus in- gratiae saltern causa sutiVagere ; meis 
servis, loqueris ad voluntatem ; non Iibris si minus judicii, at grati* saltern 
hoc ex animo facis, sed 90 consilio id causa faveas ? quod obtinere a judicio 
spectas, id seculus, meum tibi ut amo- tuo fortasse non possuni, impetrem ab 




amore, ut mea scripta probes, comraen- you ; cura tibi demandata est. 

des, tuearis ; Quod veritati non potes, 
amori tribue, ut mea tuo testimonio 
subleves, tua commendatione exornes, 
honestes, in honore adducas. 

To COMMIT or do ; patrare, per- 
petrare, committere, adiuittere. 

To Commit a fault ; delinquere. 

To Commit treason ; niajestatem 

To Commit to, or trust one with 

To Commit to memory ; memoria; 

To Commit murder ; occidere. 

To Commit adultery; adulterari, 
mcechari, alterius cubile inire. 

To Commit to anotlier^ what wa$ 
committed to us; surrogare, subdele- 

To Commit or leave the matter to 
God ; Diis permittere, coramittere ; 

naandare, demandare, delegare, tradere, Deo fortunaeque committere; permit- 

tere Divis, apud Hor. Dare se fatis, 
apud Virg. Jovi fuerint haec omnia 

To Commit to one's charge, tuition 
or tutelage ; alicujus fidei, tutelae, sa- 
pientiaj, atque potestati aliquid com- 
mittere, concredere, permittere, dele- 
gare, rebus suis aliquera praeficere ; in 

committere, commendare 

To Commit a thing to keep; depo- 
nere, credere, concredere. 

To Commit one to custody or prison ; 
in custodiam, in carcerem, conjicere. 

To Commit a business to one's dis- 
cretion or management ; arbitrio alicu- 
jus permittere. 

To Commit a thing to one unfit for patrocinium alicujus sua et sese dare ; 
it; fureriti gladium committere. ' Ty- aliquem rci arbitrum et curatorem con- 
ranno exercitum credere. Impio, im- stituere. 

perito clavum imperii tradere. Ignavo, He Commits to you, himself, all his 
stulto, Reip. administranda^ potestatem estate, and all his dependance and 
facere. Lupoovem committere. Asinus hope, so long as he lives ; tibi se, oni- 
ad lyram. Prov. nes suas opes fortunasque corainendat, 

He that has a business Committed tibi committit existimationera ac spem 
^0 Awn ; delegatus. reliquae vitae. 

To Commit some heinous fault, or A son, S^c 

mischievous deed; scelus committere. 
Gravissime peccas, scelerate agis, sum- 
mum dedecus admittis, piaculum com- 
inittis, maximo te scelere adstnngis, 
obstringis, culpain gravem comuiittis, 
iuiquissime facis, scelus committis, per- 
petras. Conficere, patrare facinus ; ad- 
iuittere, perpetrare, comuiittere, ederc, 

who is Committed to 
your education ; filius, &o. qui tibi in 
disciplinam est traditus. King Phi- 
lip, who committed or entrusted his 
his son Alexander to, or with Aristo- 
tle ; Philippus Rex, qui Alexandre 
filio suo Aristotelem accierit; Cic. . 
To deceive the people, who had 
Committed themselves to his protec- 

signare, facinus indignura, flagitium, tion ; fraudare populura, qui in tutelam 
noxam, turpe aliquid, &c. facere faci- ejus pervenerat ; Cic. 

liusindignum se autsuo genere ; facere 
capitale, i. e. facinus capitale ; Plaut. 
Immanes aequare Cacos. 

I have Committed all my affairs to 
him, or, he does all things for me; pro- 
curat mea. Meas rationes tractat, 
mea negotia gerit, meas res curat, ad- 
ministrat, raeus procurator est, mea ne- 
gotia procurat, is est cui res meas com- 
niisi, credidi, comniendavi, tradidi, 
luandavi, sustinet rerum mearum cu- 

To Commit one's self to one's friend- 
ship, and ti^ion ; in alicujus amiciti- 
am etfidem se conferre. 

To Commit an office to one ; raunus 
alicui deferre. / will commit this bu- 

When we call Jupiter, Salutaris, 
liospitalis, stator seu statorius, we 
tnean that the safety of man is Com- 
mitted to his tutelage and protec- 
tion ; cura Jovem salutarem, hospita- 
lem, statorem seu statorium dicimus, 
hoc intelligi volumus, salutem homi- 
num in ejus esse tutela. £t sic Galba 
populum Romanum tutorena institu- 
ere se dixit filiorura siiorum orbitali ; 

COMMON, ordinary or usual; 
communis, vulgaris, usitatus, frequens, 
passim obvius, protritu», trivialis. 

Common to every body, or t« any 
body; publicus, promiscuus. 

Of the Common or vulgar sort; 

siness to Davus; Davo isthnc dedam gregarius, plebeius, 

jam negotii. The care is tommitted to The CoMMon-people ; plebs, valgus, 


plebecula ; vulgus liominura et quis- 
quili* j multitudo proiniscua,iinpeiita, 
vaga, indocta, levis ; civitatis^ populi, 
vulgi, imx iina, — Ventosa piebs, 
— populi pars iufiina nostri. 

A Com Jdoy saying ; tritum sennone 

A Common soldier; miles grega- 

A Common for cattle ; compascuum, 
ager cojupascuus. Cuimuun of pas- 
ture ; couunune pasturae, i. e. jus coiij- 
pascendi. Common of jiskiiig, S^c. ; 
comiuuiie piscariiE. 

To make Common ; pervulgare. 

Commonly ; vulgo, populariter. 

Commonly, or for the most part ; 
pleiumque, fere. 

To have all things Common ; in 
coiumiuie vivere, eniere, vendere, 
agros dare colendos; honores v^care, 
conferre omnia. Privatum niliil, nul- 
lum censum privatum, peculium nul- 
lum habere ; sed omnia omnium, om- 
nibus communia. Ubi meum et tuum, 
privatje res jucundissimam vitae socie- 
tatem qucrimoniis atque litigiis non di- 
riiuunt, distraiiunt, corrumpunt. Sa- 
turno regnante aemo quicquam privatae 
rei liabuit, sed omnia communia et in- 
divisa omnibus fuerunt, veluti unura 
cunciis patrimonum esset. Communes 
uiilitates iti^ medium aiFerre. 

This hill is Common ; loehave both 
interest in this hill; we are joint 
lords of this hill; hie tibi raecura, hie 
inter nos communis est mons, divisus 
aquarum divortiis; particeps uterque 
nostrum hujusce montisest; mons hie 
pertinet ad utrumque nostrum, juris 
ulriusque nostrum est; jus habemus 
uterque in hoc monte. 

In the opinion of the Cobimon peo- 
ple it is small; est ad vulgi opinionem 
laedjocris ; Cic. 

They were naturally Common ; na- 
tura fuerant communia ; Cic. 

It is a Common saying ; vulgo dici 
so let ; Ter. 

It is Common to you and me; naihi 
tecum commune est ; Cic. 

Consult for the Common good ; con- 
sulite in medium j Virg. 

To make Common, w bring abroad 
for common good; afferre in medium ; 

It is grown a Common proverb, 
saying ; factum jam tritum serraone 
proverbium ; Cic. 



It is the Common talk, iawn talk ; 
in, ore est oinni populo ; Ter. 

Let him use Common things as 
common ; communibus utatur pro 
communibus ; Cic. 

A Cq^iuoh proverb ; diverbium, ad- 
agium, vulgi fabuia, dictum celebratum, 
vulgo jactitata sententia j populi dis- 
persa per auras fama. 

■A Common thing j or that thing is 
common ; common things, or these 
things are common; res trita, commu- 
nis et pervulgata ; item, vulgaris, per- 
vulgatissima ; hcvc vulgata et obsoleta 
sunt ; res est lippis et tonsoribus nota ; 
cum omnibus nota sint, et quotidiano 
sermoue subtrita, obvia et ubique oc- 
currentia; commune et late patens, 
pervagatum, quotidianum ; audita et 
pervulgata, et percelebrata sermonibus 
res est ; res quotidianas et vernaculje ; 
perspicua sunt haec quidem, et vulgari 
prudentia scita ; Cic. Obsolevit jam 
ista relatio ; effertur in vulgum. In 
eum sermoncm incidere, qui cum fere 
multis erat in ore ; cum multis aliquid 
communicare ; communi quod in usu 

A CoMMov-wealth ; respublica, de- 
raocratia,-ae, f. principatus populi. 

A CoMvioy -wealth' s-man; democra- 

A good CoMTAOJf-wealth's-man, or 
statesman; politicus, idoneus pa- 

An excellent CoMMON-MJ^aifA's-maw, 
both in peace and war ;• civis tarn in 
toga, quam in armis illustris, insignis ; 
turn domestica fortitudine, turn railitari 
prajstans. Es togatus et paludatus pa- 
triaa defensor, propugnator. Consiliis 
et armis remp» adjuvare, coramunire. 
Et foris et domi praesidia stabilitatis, 
ornamenta dignitatis patriae procurare. 
Vir tarn domi consilio clarus, quam for- 
titudine foris admirabilis. Tarn in pace 
quam in bello bene, optime de repub- 
lica mereri. Cujus ut in bello admi- 
nistrando, conficiendo foris praedicanda 
est fortitudo, ita in tranquillitate pro- 
curanda, in constituenda repub. domi 
prudentia est singularis. Qui in rebus 
pacis et belli cum sum mis hominum 
'utilitatibus versatus est: neque in re- 
bus exteris, forinsecis magis laudandus, 
quam domesticis institutis. Justitia 
dubium, validisne potentior armis. 
Clarum militiae togaeque decus. Quo 
justior alter Nee pietate fuit, nee bello 



major et armis. Res patrias armis tu- 
tatur, moribus armat, legibus emen- 
dat.— Quem Marte togaque praecipuum, 
non bella magis finita triumphis, quam 
res domi gestae extulerunt. 

To love the Conuori -wealth, state, 
or his country ; reipublicae . se totum 
dedere; nihil nisi reipub. bonura, et 
utilitatem sibi proponere; in salutem 
populi patrimoniuin coUocare, suam 
voluntatem ad publicam causani ac- 
commodare, aggregare ^ animus infixus 
ia patriae charitate ; fidcra et animum 
singularem habere in remp. Insigni 
in patriam benevolentia et pietate vir. 
Patriam, terram natalera, altricem, an- 
tiquissimam et sanctissiraam, parentem 
clarissimam habere ; omni amore, be- 
nevolentia, charitate amplecti. Rep. 
patria nihil habere charius, jucundius, 
gratius, antiquius. Salutem publicam 
civium suis opibus, rebus omnibus an- 
teponere. Comnmnis salutis studiosis- 
simus. Salutem patriae rationibus sais 
praeferre. De reip. salute magis 
quara de sua solicitum esse. Utilitate 
civium sic teneri, ut quicquid agit ad 
earn referat, oblitns commodorum suo- 
rum. , Magno amore inflammatum esse 
in patriam, oranes suas curas et cogita- 
tiones in reipub. salute defigere ; Cic. 
in Ant. 

A man who was of singular and ex- 
c^lent trust, duty, and faithfulness to 
our CoMJA(ys -wealth ; vir, qui singu- 
lari extiterit in remp. nostrara officio 
etfide. , 

We ought not only to consecrate 
and give ourselves, and all ours, unto, 
but also to die for, our country and 
CoMMON-iTfa/f/i; pro patria et re- 
pub, non solum nos totos dedere, et in 
ea omnia nostra ponere, et quasi con- 
secrare, sed etiam pro ea mori debe- 

/ take care of the Common -wealth ; 
in omni voluntate mea quid rationes 
publicae ferant, quid resp. postulet, id 
onum spcclo, inlueor, attendo. Nihil 
ago, mulior, volo, quod reip. rationi- 
bus non conducat, expediat, utile sit. 
Toto animo de publicis commodis or- 
namentiscjue cogito. Publicam utili- 
tatem assidue spccto. Hjeret in ani- 
mo meo de communibus commodis as- 
sidua cogitatio. Publicae mihi res, 
fortjunae civium curae vehementer sunt, 
©mnis mihi de civitate civibusque co- 
gitatio et cura eet. Utilitatem com- 


munem meae spectant curae omne« et 
lucubrationes. Meas vigilias curasque 
ad causam publicam contuli ; aikimus 
mens in civium meoinm utilitate com- 
muni fixus et locatus. 3 

To withdraw himself from the affairs 
of the Common -wealth ; a curia, et ab 
omni parte reipublicae se subtiahefe ; 
Cic. Rerum relinquere habenas ; 
Virg. Clavum imperii demittere, a 
repub. se submovere, abhorrere s^ mn- 
nere forensi et publico. 

Those, who are given to pleasures^ 
care not for the honors of the Com- 
Moiri -wealth ; qui voluptatibus ducun- 
tur missos leipub. faciunt honores. 

/ resolved to live far from the Cou- 
Moyi-weallh ; vitara a repub. procuk 
babendam decrevi ; Sail. 

He refuses to govern the Common- 
wealth any longer ; reipublicai guber- 
nacula tractare diutius recusat. 

He had rather live at ease, or idly, 
than be troubled with the manage- 
ment of the public affairs in the Com- 
mon -tceaf^/t; mallet in otio vivere, 
quam rempub. administrare, capessere, 
moderari, regere. 

To maintain the safety of the Com- 
Mo^i -wealth ; reipublicae pacem, salu- 
tem, dccus, dignitatem, felioitatem, fe- 
licem, florentemque statum sustincre, 
procurare, tueri, sua prudentia commu- 
nire ; sua virtute constituere; sua vi- 
gilantia conservare. Manere in custo- 
dia, in vigiliis, exculiiis pro communi 
salute. Patria; commodis egregie con- 
sulere. Ad civium salutem onmia re- 
ferre. Optime de univerfeis promereri. 
Egregiam reip. operara navare. Be- 
neficus et saiutaris patriae. Patriam 
innumeris beneficils obstringere, obli- 
gare. Communi utilitati insemre. 
Homo singularibus* excellentissimis 
meritis in rempublicam. Se totuni et 
animo et cotpore in salutem reip. con- 
ferre. Omnes cogitationes, curas, vi- 
gilias in reip. salute configere. Rem- 
puhlicam cervicibus suis, ut caelum 
Atlas, sustinere. 

The Com MOif -tvealth florishing ; 
respublica optima, felix, beata, floren- 
tissima, praeclarissima ; respub. puU 
cherrime gesta, praeclare fundata, pras- 
clarissime constituta. 

To help the Common -wealth, Sfc. 
in trouble; rempublicam suis rebus 
diffidenlem confirmare ; opem implo- 
rantem adjuvare, sufFulcire, defendere, 


amplecti ; affectam, bello confectam 
reficere ; afflictam erigere, labefacta- 
laiu restitueve ; perditam recreare, ar- 
mis obsessam ab exitio vindicare, in 
angustias abductara liberare, oppressam 
miseris tcmporibus ac perditis niori- 
bus in libeitatem velereiu et nitorem 
asserere. Reipublicae concidenti dex- 
tram porrigere ; jacenti opem afferre, 
laboranti succurrere ; praecipitanti sub- 
venire. O nines reipublicae aegras, la- 
borantes partes sanare, confirmare. Po- 
puli sui labentem fortunam sustinere. 
A republica, a civium cei"vicib\is peri- 
cula, perniciem avertere, propulsare. 
Pro republica se periculis omnibus of- 
ferre, objicere ; tempestates adire ; pug- 
nas capessere, Civitatera fractam ma- 
•lis, atque debilitatani, abjectam nietu, 
•d speui libertatis et pristinaj dignitatis 
erigere. Gladios in remp. strictos re- 
tuudere. A patria pestein, perniciem, 
pestiferam flammara arcere, repellere. 
Patriara ab interitu, ex raaxirais pericu- 
lis liberare. Opera, consilio, virtute, 
incredibili studio reip. difficillimo tem- 
pore subvenire. Se, fortunasque suas 
pro salute patria;, otio, concordiaque 
devovere. Non raodo labores excipere 
communis coramodi causa, ad tutandam 
remp. liberandae reip. causa, sed etiara 
vitara profundere, amittendam putare. 
Ferre prassidium labanti, occidenti, in- 
clinatge reipub. Afflictam et prostra- 
tam rerap. tuis opibus extulisti. 

By your authority the Common- 
wealth will now appear, florish, and 
abide in some tolerable consistency ; 
auctoritate vestra respub. exsurget, et 
jam in aliquo statu tolerabili consistet. 
By the same authority of yours the 
CoMMOii'wealth will become fixed, and 
estdhlished iu riches and forces, great 
in, gloi'y, atid honorable in virtue ; iis- 
dem vestris auspiciis, respub. opibus 
firraa, copiis locuples, gloria ampla, et 
virtute honesta, fiet ; Cic. 

There now appears some face of tlie 
Coyiyio^-wealth revived again ; spe- 
ciem aliquam videor videre, quasi rei- 
pub. reviviscentis ; Cic. 

To rob the CoKJAov -wealth, Sfc; 
publicara pecuniam dilapidare, averte- 
re, dissipare, etFundere, ex reipublicae 
visceribus eripere. yi>ariura exhaurire. 
Vectigaiia minuere. De communi uti- 
litate multura detrahere. Peculari. 
Peculatus reus, damnatus. Peculator, 
£ud pecunia ex zerario publico erogata 



quaestui fuit. Remp. expilare, compi- 
lare, diriperc, prfedari,exspoHari, quaes- 
tui habere, spoliare. Pubiicam rem 
con fi cere. 

Except those men be removed from 
governing the CojiMom-wealth, there 
will be the greatest danger imaginable 
of the ruin of the whole ; isti nisi a 
reipub. gubemaculis recesserint, maxi- 
munj ab universo naufragii periculura 
est ; Cic. 

To oppress or hurt the Common- 
wealth; rerap. patriam vulnerare, labe- 
factare, lacerare, dilacerare, evertere, 
prosternere, conveliere, contrucidare, 
vastare, affligere, perturbare, exscin- 
dere, inflaramare, perdere, prodere, op- 
pugnare, delere, extinguere, conquas- 
sare, infirraare, incendere, violare, op- 
primere, pessuudare ; in discrimen, ad 
vastitatem vocare ; omni scelere vexare. 
Reip. mortiferam plagam, vulnus insa- 
nabile infligere ; faces injicere ; exitio 
esse ; vastitatem, incendium, ruinam, 
caedem, flammas, pestem, interitum, 
perniciem, ferrum, exitiura, excidium 
rainitari, inferre, denunciare, immittere. 
Vim suscipere contra rerap. Civium 
vulneribus remp. cruentare. Reip. 
salutem oppugnare. Nefario patriae 
se parricidio obstringere. Patriae in- 
festa signa inferre; bella facere j funus 
miserum, acerbum indicere. Patriae 
pestis, praeda, parricida, lues, fax, fu- 
ria, calaraitas, flamma, funus, bustum, 
iabes et pernicies, ruina, tempestas, 
occasus, interitusque. Urbi ruinam, 
funus et imperio parare. 

Publius Clodius was the fatal mon- 
ster, and prodigy of the Commok- 
wealth; Publius Clodius fatale porten- 
tum erat, prodigiumque reipub. Cic. 
So were also Gabinius and Piso, two 
monsters, and almost the funerals of 
the CoyLMOli -wealth ; sic etiam Gabi- 
nius et Piso, duo reipub. portenta, ac 
pene funera fuerunt. They brought 
the common-wealth to fire and destrue- 
tion; rempub. ad incendium vocave- 
runt et vastitatem. Their lust utterly 
destroyed whole cities, and almost the 
whole common-wealth; eorum libido 
civitates integras, totamque fere rem- 
pub. evertit. 

IVhen Catiline was appointed cap- 
tain, for tliefall and ruin of the Com- 
^ov-wealth ; cum ad occasum interi- 
tumque reipublicae Catilina dux csset 
constitutus; Cic. 



Then there seemed^ as it were, an 
everlasting night poured out on the 
CoMMOii-tcealth ; tunc videbalur, tan- 
quain si offusa reipub. serapitema nox 

Remember the dangerous wounds 
then inflicted on the Couisi oy -wealth ; 
vulnera tunc temporis iniista reipub. 
recordeniini ; Cic. Yea and now also, 
the ship qf the common-wealth seems 
to float and to be tossed, as in the deep 
nea, by the violent tempests of dissen- 
sions, discords, and seditions; imo jam 
etiam, ct nunc temporis, reipub. navis 
fiuitare videtur in alto, tempestatibus 
ieditionum et discordiarura. 

The CoTdTaoji-wealth is utterly un- 
done or ruined ; respublica penitus in- 
teriit ; periit respublica, concidit, nulla 
prorsus est, formam plane pristinam 
aniisit J actum est penitus de republita ; 
formam, imaginem, simulachrnm vete- 
ris reipublicae nullum agnoscas j ves- 
tigium reipublicBB nullum superest ; 
fuit respublica; communis res ita di- 
lapsa est, ut ne spfis quidem, melius 
aliquando fore, prorsus uUa relinqua- 
tur ; periit omnino reipublicae salus ; 
non adversa tantum est, verum etiam 
penitus e\ ersa fortuna reipubl. ; fractaj 
sunt opes, afflictae vires, amissa digni- 
tas, extincta salus reipublicje ; — fuit 
Ilium, et ingens Gloria Dardanidum. 
Fuit respub. eversa jam deletaque. 
Respublica perculsa et prostrata jacet, 
periit, concidit. 

Alas! for this doleful day of the 
CoiAnov-wealth J -O diem ilium rei- 
publicaa luctuosum ! 

The public mischiefs of the Common- 
wealth daily grow greater and greater ; 
mala reipub. publica indies ingraves- 

It grieves me that so fair a Com - 
yioy-wealth should thus have fallen ; 
doleo ita communem rem esse delap- 

We have fallen into the very night, 
and greatest darkness of the Common- 
wealth ; in reipub. noctero tenebrasque 
maximas, incidimus. 

If they had also fallen into those 
most terrible tempests of the Com- 
Moti-wealth, and into the most wretch- 
ed calamity of our times; si modo et 
ipbi incidissent in atrocissimos reip. 
fluctus, ac miserandam temporum nos- 
trorum calamilatem ; Sail. 

It is profliable for the Common- 


wealth, Sfc. ; . reip. conducit, expedit, 
prodest, interest ; utile, salulare, com- 
raodum, usui, auxilio, eniolumeuto, 
adjumento, pra-sidib, ornamento 
est. Pertinet, spectat, facit ad reip. 
cmolumenlum, coramodum, utilitatero. 
Ex usu reip. futurum est. Multum ad- 
jumenti, multas utilitates rebus com- 
nmnibus affert, importat. Ex hoc resp. 
ubereni messem deraetet ; magnum 
fructuni percipiet; comnioditafem fe- 
ret ; compendium parabit. Nibil ad 
communem salutem utilius. 

To restore the CoMMO^-ireaUh ; 
patrise pietatem praestare, cgregiam ope- 
rant reipub. r.ivare ; reipub. in ultimum 
discrimen adductaj lucern afferre, opem 
afferra; reipub. non deesse ; consulere 
civium comiuodis, et eorum utilitati sa- 
lutique servire ; communi conimodo in- 
servire ; rempub. constantissime, mag- 
ncpere defendere ; rempub. in veterem 
liberlatcm restituere ; reipub. vulnera 
sanare ; ad civium utilitatem omnia re- 
fene ; curas suas, et quicquid nobis a 
Deo datum est, rcipublicas referre. 

Those help to restore the Common- 
tvealth, who cut off any flagitious vil- 
Imn, as the plague of the city ; hi rae- 
dentur reipub. qui exsecant pestem ali- 
quam, tanquam strumara civitatis. iSuch 
as Clodius, who was the plague of that 
year, the fury of his country, and the 
very tempest and prodigy of the com- 
moii-tvealth ; qualis erat Clodius, pes- 
tis scil. illius anni, furia patriae, tem- 
pestas prodigiumque reipub. ; Cic. 

Tq live in Common j communes uti- 
litates in medium afferre. 

Commons, or a proportion of vic- 
tuals; demensum. 

Commonness ; communitas,frcquen- 
tia, familiaritas. 

To COMMUNE, or talk ; coUoqui, 

To Commune, coi\fer with or toge- 
ther ; sermones, capita, consilia con- 
ferre, miscere, mutuo conferre, cora- 
municare. De re aliqua aliquem con- 
venire, compellare, alloqui, cum altero 
communicare, agere, colloqni, sermo- 
cinaii, consultare, deliberare, discepta- 
re, disputare, disserere ; inter sc verba 
complura facere ; colloquia, sermones 
mutuos agitare. Rem aii(]uam mutuis 
sermonibus agitare. In alicujus con- 
gressuui coUoquiimique venire ; coniiter 
loqui inter se, et agerc comitcr. 
CoMMUNiCAei.E ; comniunicabilis. 


To CoMMCNicATE, OT impart to; 
communicare, impertire. 

Communication, or discourse; ser- 
ine, coUoquium, sermocinatio. Cora- 
raunication or converse; consortium, 
conversatio, familiaritas, necessitudo. 

Communicative, or free to impart; 
comrauuicatiVus, qui libere impertitur. 
Communion, or fellowship; coraiim- 
nio, societas, consortium. Community, 
or partnership; communitas, consor- 
tio. . 

To Communicate any thing to any 
one, or to maJce one partake, ^c. ; 
benigne communicare quid cura altero. 
Aliquem impertire aliqua re. Imper- 
tire, iiupertiri alteri aliquara^em. Par- 
tem dare, tribuere, elargiri de suo. Om- 
nium consiliorum participem facere ; 
communi jure utrique rem uteodam 
dare ; utrique coramunem facere. Cora- 
iQunicabo te mensa mea. 

A COMPANY ; a meeting or as- 
sembly ; conventus, coetus, consessus, 
congressus, frequentia. 

A Company, or rout ; turba, collu- 

A Company, or fellowship; societas, 
consortium, commerciura, consuetudo. 
A Co'\\v.\-iiY of soldiers ; turraa, ca- 
terva, globus militum, agmen, cohors. 

To delight in Company ; societa- 
tem tueri, appetere, celebrare. Fami- 
Uaritate, congressu, collocutione fami- 
liari gaudere, laetari, delectari, oblectari, 
capi, iibenter uti. In horainum socie- 
tate, congressu, magnam voluptatem, 
jucunditatem percipere. Ad vitae con- 
suetudinem accommodatissimus. 

To keep Company with ivgues ; 
iinprobis se comitem praebere, dare se 
in societatem perditorum; ad homines 
perditos se conferre, adjungere, appli- 

To keep Company with good m£n ; 
societatem cum bonis inire, coire ; op- 
timis se comitem prsebere, &c. ut ante 
de improbis. 

To abhor one^s Company ; consue- 
tudinem, societatem, farailiaritatem, 
congressum, conspectum, praesentiam 
alicujus vitare, aspemari, fugere. Ali- 
quem fugere, vitare tanquam pestem 
perniciosam ; tanquam viperinum san- 
guinem, tanquam belluam immanem. 
Animo, studio, voluntate abhorrere ab 
aliquo. Alicujus aspectura oculis fu- 
gere ; nomen auribus fastidire, respue- 
re ; memoriam animo execrari ; ipsam 
recordationem nt>miDis perhorrescere. 



Ab alicujus consuetudine, familiaritate 
sejnngere, segregare, alienare, semo- 
vere se. Voluptas rationi inimica nul- 
lum habet cum virtute commercium 
Tanquam auspicium malum detestari. 

By Companies ; gregatira, caterva- 
tim, turroatim, agrainatim. 

To keep one Company ; comitari, as- 
sectari, with an accus. conversaii cum, 
aggregare se ad. 

He was often in their Company ; 
cura illis una aderat frequens. 

To long for his friend^ s Company ; 
amici adventum expetere magnopere : 
quotidie expectare ; exoptare ardentis- 
sime. Amici absentis studio flagrare, 
cupiditate incendi. Solicitum esse in- 
dies de adventu conjunct! sibi familia- 
riter amici ; ex desiderio amici labora- 
re. Torqueri, cruciari veheraenter de 
reditu familiaris sui. Sui amici, ueces- 
sarii desiderium, abseutiam, moleste, 
graviter ferre. Consuetudinis amici 
fructum uberrimum, delectationem sum- 
mam, voluptatem incredibilem magno- 
pere desiderare et requirere. Longin- 
quitate locorum et desiderio suorum 
comraoveri, desiderio amici absentis ob- 

A great Company ;' turba, agmen, 
multitudo, cohors, caterva, coetus, tur- 
raa, grex, frequentia. 

Your Company had scarcely broken 
up, when I found — ; vixdumjamcoelu 
vestro dimisso, comperi ; Cic. 

He bore him Company from Ger- 
many to Pannonia ; ilium ex Germa- 
nia in Pannoniam uc comes assectator- 
que secutus est ; Plin. 

One that bore his father Company 
in his flight ; paternas comes fugaj ; 
Liv. To bear one Company in his 
flight ; alicujus fugae se comitem ad- 
jungere ; aliquem fuga comitari ; Cic. 

Dispatch quickly, that my Compa- 
ny may not stay for me ; age, age, ab- 
solve ne comites morer ; Plaut. 

She is willing to have your Compa- 
ny ; non te comitem abnegat ; Hor. 

Whenever I may Imve your Compa- 
ny ; quocunque tempore miW potestas 
praesentis tui fuerit ; Cic. 

Theseus bore Pirithous Company 
to hell ; Pirithoum Theseus Stygias co- 
mitavit ad undas ; Ovid. 

He had snudl Company along with 
him out of town ; ex urbe parum comi- 
tatus exiit ; Cic. 

He has no Company with him hut 



Achates; uno graditurcomitatus Achate; 

They bring more Company home 
with them ; comitatiores revertuntur ; 

If there he hut room enough in the 
house for our Company; si modo tec- 
ti satis est ad comitatum nostrum reci- 
piendum ; Cic. 

To leave one's Company ; alicujus 
comitatum deserere ; Cic. To with- 
draw, or get one out from others' 
company ; aliquem ex aliorum comi- 
tatu abstrahere ; Cic. 

To take one away from Compa- 
ny ; ex hominum frequentia tollere : 

He was excellent Company ; mirifi- 
cum se praebuit comitem ; Cic. He is 
pleasant company ; laetum agit comi- 
tem ; Hor. 

We are without Company ; solee 
sumus ; Ter. 

Not to care for Company ; recusare 
socium ; Sen. 

He hor-e me Company in aJl my tra- 
vels ; omnium itinerum meorura socius 
fuit; Cic. ^ 

To get Company to one ; to fake 
into his company ; sibi socios ascisce- 
re, adjungere j Cass. Pkut. 

He is very good Company ; liujus 
est jucundissiraa convictio ; Cic. 

They are much in their Company ; 
frequentes cum illis sunt ; Cic. 

/ have much of Epicrates's Com- 
pany ; multura mecura est Epicrates ; 

I have the Company of (/ keep 
company with) men of learning ; utor 
familiaribuset quotidianis convictoribus 
hominibus doctis ; Cic. 

He must be ordered not to keep 
Company with any stranger; huic 
przecipiendum est ne convictum cum 
extero habeat ; Colum. 

/ never let him go out of my Com- 
pany ; ilium nullo tempore a me patior 
discedere ; Cic. 

They took my son along with them 
in their Company thither ; lilium per- 
duxere illuc secum, ut una esset, meum ; 
Ter. My son was often in company 
with them there; ibi tum fiiius cum 
illis aderat frequens ; Ter. 

Admit me, I pray you, into your Com- 
pany ; oro ut me in gregeni vcstrura 
lecipiatis ; Ter. 

They bring a Company of girls 


wUh them ; ancillarum gregem ducant 
seQum ; Ter. 

They go by Companies ; gregatim 
ingrediuntur ; Plin. 

To be thronged with Company ; 
hominum multitudine, frequentia sti- 
pari, circurafundi ; Cic. Liv. 

In truth we were a great Company 
of us, two hundred at least ; sane fre- 
quentes fuimus, omnino ad ducentos ; 

He could hardly have been able to 
settle his new city with a Company of 
shepherds ; firmare urbem novam pas- 
toral i manu vix potuit ; Paterc. 

To take one in to be a member of 
their Company ; cooptare in collegi- 
um ; Cic. 

He came to meet him wi^ a good 
Company of his own; obviam cuna 
bene magna caterva sua venit ; Cic. 

He kept that town with ten Com- 
panies of soldiers ; id oppidum de- 
cem cohortibus tenebat ; Cees. He 
had six companies there in garrison ; 
sex cohortes ibi in praesidio habuerat ; 

Not to come in (to avoid coming in- 
to) Company ; conventus hominum fu- 
gere ; Caes. 

They woidd fight in thin Compa- 
nies ; rari pugnarent dispersique ; 

He goes about to every Company ; 
from company to company ; nianipu- 
los circuit ; Cass. 

A Companion, or fellow ; socius, 

A Companion, or fellow traveller ; 
comes, socius itineris. 

A Companion, or partner; consors, 

A Companion at table; con\^ictor, 
comraensalis. A companion in waj', or 
felloiv-soldier ; commilito. A com- 
panion, or comrade ; contnbernalis. 

A 6oon-CoMPANioN ; compotor. 

A merry Companion ; comes festi- 
vus. Coagerro, confabulator, combibo, 
compotor suavissimus, jucundissimus ; 
adeo festivis moribus ut possitvel ipsum 
Catonem, Heraclitum, Crassum ilium 
ay4\aa'Tov, exhilarare. 

An inseparable Companion, / will 
never forsake you ; comes perpetuus. 
Assiduum, perpetuum, usque dum vo- 
lueris, quoad volucris, comitem me ha- 
bebis, me tibi comitem praebebo ; ha?- 
rebo tibi, usque tibLaffixus ero dum tua 


voluntas feret ; nunquam a te, nunquani 
a tuo latere, nisi te voiente, lubente, 
concedente, pennittentedisceciam ; nul- 
la me res nisi tua voluntas avellet abs 
te, aniovebit, sejunget, disjunget, ab- 

An idle Compakion j borao tre&sis. 

A Companion in seiyice; conser- 
vus, m., conserva, f. 

A mean or base Companion j caput 
▼He, homo terunci, or nibili. 

/ choose the best Company ; inte- 
gtrrimis me adjungo sodalibus, quo- 
rum ego convictu fiam melior. 

No good fellow or Companion j 
comes parum commodus. 

/ cannot but laugh at my Compa- 
nion ; combibonis raei stultitiam rideo. 

We have been Companions in peace 
and war ; domi bellique simul viximus. 

I have loved those my Companions 
as my brethren ; quos ego dilexi frater- 
no more sodales. 

He admitted none to he his Com- 
panion ; socium sibi adjunxit nemi- 

He takes any profligate fellow for 
his Companion ; pessimum quemque 
sibi soiet sociiun adjungere, adsciscere. 

Let him keep such Company as he 
likes best ; ab eorum consuetudine se 
Bubducat, cum quorum geniis suo non 
senseril couvenire genio. 

To creep into one's Company ; in 
alitujus se societatem insinuare. 

To keep rake-hells' Company ; in 
perditissima juvenum coiluvione ver- 

As good Company as I could wish; 
sodalis exoptatissiuius. 

He is good Company, or a man of 
fine discourse ; suavihsimus ille est con- 

Another of the same Company j 
another bird of the same brood ; occur- 
rit alter ejusdem sodalitii. 

Know you the Company you walk 
with? Videsne quod sodalitiuni tibi 
claudit latus ? 

See what Company or train follows 
us! bone Deus ! quantum comilatum, 
quantam pompam nobiscuiii ducimus ! 

The last time I icas in his Compa- 
ny ; proximo amici illius coUoquio. 

/ will never be out of your Compa- 
ny ; sequar te vel ad inferos usque. 

/ so love his Company that J — ; 
Quicuin ego vel in extrema Scythia vi- 
vere non recusera. 



To COMPARE together ; com^n- 
rare, conferre rem cum re. Inter se res 
conferre. Hem rei assimilare, aquare, 
exiequare. Similitudines rerum com- 
parare, componere, conferre. Rebus 
prasentibus aunectere, adjungere prae- 
teritas, futuras. 

Beyond Compare, or beyond com- 
parison ; inc6uiparabilis, nihil supra, 
extra aleam. 

Comparative; comparativus. 

Comparable; comparabilis. 

Not to he Compared ; nequaquam 

In Comparison of; pne, praep. 

He mii^ht Compare with Neptune 
himself for fishing ; ipsi Nepluno non 
cederet de piscatu ; Var. He may com- 
pare with any Roman gentleman for 
splendor; splendore nemini Romano 
equiti cedit ; Cic. 

But she is not to Compare with 
this of ours ; at nihil ad nostram hanc ; 

To Compare the last with the first ; 
ut novissima conferam primis ; Cic. 
To compare great things with small ; 
parvis componere magna ; Virg. 

He thinks there is none to Compahe 
with him ; hominera pr£e se neminera 
putat ; Cic. 

This is not to Compare (to he com- 
pared) with what I shall say; nihil 
hercle hoc quidem, praaut alia dicam ; 

Beyond Compare ; nihil supra ; Ter. 

He is not to be Compared with 
him ; comparandus illi non est ; Pe-' 

Not Comparable to him ; non est 
cum^ illo comparandus, conf rendus, 
a-quandus, coasquandus, jequiparandus. 

Not to he Compared with, or not 
to yield to, one that is inferior or less 
worthy ; inferiori non cedere. Cur ti 
ccderc, loco cedere, locum concedere, 
locum dare ei debeo, qui coraparandns, 
asquandus, conferendus, par omnino 
mihi non est ? Quamobrem, qui est • 
infra me, qui nihil ad me est, mihi 
paliar anteponi ? Quid est causae, cur 
primas ei partes concedam, primas ad 
euin partes deferri sinam, primo eum 
loco statuam, praeponi ,mihi, ante me 
collocari, anteire me patiar eum, quem 
nulla res mecum aequat, cujus meritis 
meameritaantecellunt? Quid est causae, 
cur honore superior habeatur, qui vir- 
tu te inferior est? 





In praise of war none can Compare the good will of men ? quibus rationi- 

with Scipio Africanus ; ex bellica lau- 
de aspirare ad Africanum nemo potest ; 
Cic. Ad tantam belli peritiam laudem- 
qae aspirare nemo potest j Cic. 

/» Comparison of what — ; praequam 
quod — ; Plant. I^ compaiison of this 

bus horainum studia complectainur ? 

He shall easily be able to Compass 
that ; Id autem facile consequi poterit ; 

He thinks the sun to be of a great 

man's wisdom he is a mere trifier ; ad Compass; huic sol magnus videtur; 
sapientiam hujus ille nimius nugator Cic. 

est ; Plant. He thinks them clowns 
in Comparison of himself; illos prae 
se agrestes putat ; Cic. 

A very unequal Comparison -, Cous 
ad Chinm. 

Keep within Compass ; modum 
tene ; Cic. 

Carried a great Compass about; 
longis acti erroribus ; Paterc. 

Within the Compass ofthisthne; 

You are happy in Comparison of hujus temporis tractu ; Paterc. 

us ; prai nobis beatus es ; Cic. 

This is fine in Comparison of thai, 
when they will have cost bestowed on 
them; hoc etiam pulchrum est prai- 
quam ubi sumptus petunt; Plant. 

You will say the other was but a 
sport, in Comparison of what his mad- 
ness will produce ; ludnm dices fuisse 
alterum, praeut hujus rabies quae dabit; 

Who amongst the Carthaginians 
was ever Comparable to HannibaL 
for experience in tear ? quis unquam 
Poenorura Hannibal) gerendorum bello- 
rum scientia par fuit ? 

By fetching a longer Compass 
about, they escaped the horse-guards ; 
longiore circuitu custodias equitum vi- 
tabant; Caes. 

-4. Compass J ambitus, circuitus, gy- 
rus, orbita. 

In tJbe Compass of a year; unins 
anni spatio. 

To bring so many great things unth- 
in the Compass of one poem ; tanta- 
rum rerum cumulos in unura carmen 
advolvere; Claud. 

To fetch a Compass j ire per am* 

To keep within Compass, neut. ; 

In the knowledge of which warlike continere, reprimere sese. 

affair he had no Carthaginian to Com 
VAVi^with him; in cujus rei bellicas 
studio parem habuit Pcenorum iiemi- 
nem ; Cic. 

For I am neither to be Compared 
with them in age, nor in knowledge, nor 
■in authority ; -ego namque neque ajtate, 
nee ingenio, nee auctoritate sum cum 
his conferendus ; Cic. 

To COMPASS, or environ ; arabire, 
circumdare, cingere, circumcingeie. 

To Compass about ; complecti, com- 

To Compass, or go about ; lustrare, 
circuire, obire. 

To Compass with a trench, 8fc.; 
vallo obsidere, cingere, circumsepire. 
To Compass his desire ; voto potiri 
To Compass a business 

To draw into a narrow Compass ; 
ut in actum, quae dicta sunt contrahani ; 

He could ntver have Compassed so 
great things without the aid of men ; 

To keep one within Compass, act. ; 
redigere in ordinem. 

To Compass a matter in few ivords; 
dicta summatim colligere, summam con- 
ferre ; redigere in summam ; recapita- 
lare j capita rerum summatim repetere, 
summatim instaurare ; panels senteniise 
rationem reddere ; conferre rem in 
pauca J paucis absolvere, concludere ; 
summam rerum decerpere, uno fasce 
complecti ; Prov. Ne quae sunt infinita 
prosequar, summatim dicam; rerum sum- 
mam quam potero paucissimis perstriii- 
gam ; multa praitermittendo, coronidem 
infene j summam rei in pauca conferjc ; 
rerum capita strictim persequi, non lon- 
gis laxisque verborum peristromatis ora- 
tionem producere ; ad capita redigere ; 
effectum fusius sparsimque dicta paucis repetere. 
Perorare id Latinis dicitur, et epilogum 

To COMPEL; cogere, adigere, 
urgere, vim adhibere, corapellere; re- 
pugnantem, invitum, Tenitentem, volen- 
tem nolentera, vi, armis, raetu, minis 

non sine adjumentis hominum, tantas cogere, conipellere, adigere, adducere, 
res efficere potuisset ; Cic. torquere, trahere, pertrahere, protrahere. 

By what means may tre Compass irapellere, protrudere, urgere j necesjsi- 





tate constringere, ad aliquid agendum 
propellere, obturto collo pertrahere. 
Omnem recusandi libertatem eripere, 
adimere, toliere. Eo nos adegit, der 
trusit nccessitas. 

To Compel one by necessity ; ne- 
ccssitateni alicui iinponere. 

They Compelled or forced the king 
so far that — ; regem eo adegerunt, 
ut— . 

But if necessity should some time 
Compel us to those things, which are 
ngainst our inclinations ; sin aliquando 
iios iiecessitas ad ea delruserit, quse 
nostri ingenii non erunl : Cic. de Oif. 

To Compel the poor or indigent, al- 
though unwilling and contrary to any 
such thing, by force and arms ; invi- 
tam et renitcntem indigeutiam, vi et 
ariiiis cogere, urgere, protrahere, coni- 

To Compel, or force a thing to he 
done, whether one will or not ; obtorto 
vdut collo, vel ineiito traliere, pertra- 
here, i. e , volentem noientem, ad ali- 
quid perpellere agendum. 

To COMPLAIN; queri, qucritari, 

To Complain against one; de ali- 
cujus injuria queri; gravissime, gravi- 
ter,non mediocriler conqueri, querelam, 
querimoniam deferre ad judicera, de- 
ponere apud praetorem. Apud judices 
de vi sibi obiata conqueri. Aliq.uem 
injuriarum postulare. Damnum sibi 
datum auctoremque ad praetorem de- 

To Complain and betpail ; lamen- 
tari, deplorare. 

To Complain and cry dut on ; cla- 

To Complain so/%; roussare, mus- 

To Complain of one, or make com- 
plaint ; deferre, accusare, criminari, 

/ will Complain of you to ihe three 
men ; ad tres viros ego deferara nomen 
tuum ; Plant. 

ffe C'oMPLAiNs to me by letters; 
queritur apud me per literas ; Cic. 

Complain of that to your step- 
tnother; istoc apud novercam querere; 

/ Complain of my fortunes ; ego 
meas queror fortunas ; Plaut. 

He Complained to the people that 
— ; apud populum questus est, quod 
~ ; Plin. 

He Complained of the covetous^ 
ness of our citizens ; de avaritia nos- 
trorum civium questus est; Sail. 

He Complains to me too, that — ; 
is mihi etiam queritur, quod — ; Cic. 

He Complained to me imth tears 
in his eyes; lacrymans mecum ques- 
tus est ; Cic. 

He makes a Md Complaint; gra- 
viter queritur ; Cic. 

To Complain of his bad luck, or ill 
fortune ; conqueri fortunani adversam ; 
Cic. He complains te you; conque- 
ritur tibi ; Sil. 

/ make no Complaint even to you 
of the wrong your brother does me ; 
nihil etiam tecum de tui iratris injuria- 
conqueror; Cic. 

You are enery day Complaining 
against me ; tu me reum quotidianis 
agis (]»erelis. ' 

They are always either Complain- 
ing of somewhat, or else they are full 
of reproaches ; aut queruntur semper 
aliquid, aut etiam exprobrant ; Cic. 

To Complain, m<;«rn, or lament; 
segre ferre, lamentari, etfundere ques- 
tus ; in querulam vocem eruuipere ; 
ruiupere questus, querelas pectore ; 
questus dare, pro, conqueri ; peragere 
querelam ; querelas raeditari, habere. 

A Complainant ; supplex, actor, 

Complained o/; delatus. 

A Z>iH of Complaint ; libel 1 us accu- 

One that is full of Complaints ; 
querulus, queribundus, adj. 

To Complain in the bosom of a 
friend; deflere in sinu amici. 

To Complain of fate ; querulari, 
queri injuriam fati. 

They weary us always with new 
Complaints ; questibus semper novis 
no& fatigant. 

To fill all places with Complaints 
and lamentations; omnia replere que- 
relis, implere ululatibus ; moestis loca 
questibus iniplet; Virg. 

Your Complaint comes unseason- 
ably ; querela lua venit ante diem. 

To Complain mth heavy lamen- 
tation; proverbialiter dicitur, ca- 
Tiere de 1 ehrmdne ; i. e. canere can- 
tionem Telamonis ; de querulo sermone 
dictum pjroverbium ; quod Telamon 
inipotentius fleverit Ajacem filiura pe*; 
riisse apud I'rojaui. 

To lay aside Complaining, or com- 



plakits ; ponere, deferre querelas ; 
querelis desislere ; qiieiirnoniam depo- 
nere, supprimere querelas, interrurn- 

To Complain of poverty ; crepare 
pauperiein, i. e. conquer! super pau- 

He makes daily Complaints ; assi- 
duasjacit ore querelas; Ovid. 
- If I should Complain of these 
things to the very rocks, they ivould 
hear me ; si ad saxa hsec conqueri et 
deplorare vellem, me sentirent. 

If the city had sent their Com- 
plaints to you by grave and good 
men ; si civitas per vires bonos graves- 
que Iioniines querelas ad vos detulis- 

A letter full of anger and Com- 
plaints ; epistola plena stoniachi et 

But t/?Anf Complaint, what lament- 
ation, can possibly be found suitable to 
so great a calamity / quis denique ques- 
tus, quis niceror dignusinveniri in cala- 
mitate tanta potest ? Quis est qui pro 
earura dignitate deplorare tantas cala- 
initates potest ? 

To Complain, or tell to others what 
he ails; suam pectoris aegritudinem 

We have good cause to Complain ; 
haberaus non paucas justas querimoniae 

Some will now perhaps Complain ; 
jam forsan aliquis causabitur. 

What along Complaint you make! 
quas, malum ! ambages mihi comme- 
nioras ! 

He Complains or takes on griev- 
ously ; iraprobis enecabat opplorationi- 

/ must stop your mouth ere you will 
have done Complaining ; verum, ab- 
rurapenda est querimonia, quae finera 
not! habet. 

He stopped aZi Complaints ; quere- 
las is omnes consopivit. 

They have often Complained to 
» me; scepiusapud mequestisunt. With 
most sad and vehement complaints ; 
justissimis detonare querelis. 

He Complained grievously ; baud 
muto factum est. 

/ have made »ny Complaint to you, 
with hope of your help ; ostendi quas 
me torqiieant, vestra) charitatis erit, me 
ex his scrupulis eximere. 

Wken I Complain to him of all 


that troubled me ; postquam ego seuiel 
oninem eii'uderim sentinam. 

/ have now eased my mind of my 
Complaint ; ego jam hac me exone- 
ravi sarcina. 

You may safely make your Com- 
plaint to me ; ne verere, quicquid est 
rei hisce tuto auribus depones. 

I will Complain of the ivrong you 
have done me, I will not bear it any 
longer ; ego tuani in me injuriam tani 
i#isignem, non ferau) ulterius. ^ 

A COMPLIMENT; blanditia,blan- 
dimentum ; fucus. , ^ 

To Compliment one ; delinire, de- 
mulcere, adblandiri ; blandis et benig- 
nis verbis et gestibus excipere. 

CoMPLiMENTAL ; blandus, officio- 

Without Compliment ; abrupte, ex 

Leave these idle Compliut.j<its ; in- 
eplas istiusmodi ceremonias missas fa- 

Save your labor and your Compli- 
ments ; istimc officii omitte. 

You are not taken with such tri- 
fling Compliments ; tu nihil moraris 
hujusmodi officia, nimium vulgaria. 

Leave your Compliments j mittas 
haec officiola. 

Trouble not yourself with Compli- 
ments and such ceremonies, I am 
your real friend ; aufer mihi ista, ma- 
jor est nostra amicitia quam ut — . ' 

Fm// o/" Compliments ; insidiosa ci- 

Let us not spend time in such Co3«- 
pliments ; ne teramus tempus.hujus- 
modi moris. 

Too mannerly and Complimen- 
TAL ; inciviliter civiles. 

Be not so Complimental; ne sis 
molestus immodico officio. 

What means the man by such tri- 
fling Compliments ? quid sibi vult 
nugamentum hominis? 

I pray you save your CoMPj^mEVTS ; 
dabo tibi supersedeas pro isj-usmodi 
complementis. /'' 

The COMPLEXION of the body ; 
crasis, teniperatura, constitutio corpo- 

A good Complexion ; temperies ae- 
qualis, bona corporis constitutio. 

C0MV1.BX10V of the face ; color. 

The natural temperature of the body 
is that which is commonly called Com- 
plexion j temperatura naturalis est, 


quam complexionem vulgus dicit ; est 
aiiten) teniperamentum, teraperatura 
corporis, naturalis constitutio ; habitu- 
do, habitus corporis. 

One of a fewd«" Complexion ; te- 
nellcP constitutionis. 

A good Complexion j bona corpo- 
ris constitutio. 

A strong Complexion ; cotpus bene 
constitutnm, optime compactum. 

Nature Jms given a good Complex- 
ion or constitution and temperament 
to man ; conglutinavit hominem natura 

The Complexion of the times is 
such ; tenipus est hujusmodi. 

COMPOSE ; coniponere, contex- 

To Compose, or make a book, a dis- 
course, a verse, an epistle, ^c. ; com- 
ponere, conscribere. 

To Compose, or settle a difference ; 
litem dijudicare, ««ntroversiam diri- 
mere ; litigantes in concordiani redi- 

To Compose, or quiet one's spirit ; 
sedare, lenire, pacare. 

A Composition, or making of a 
thing fit ; composilio, constructio. 

A Composition, or agreement ; de- 
cisio litis. 

By Composition ; ex compacto. 

To Compose, or make any metre or 
prose; numeris astringere; cogere ver- 
ha in pedes ; ludere numeris, niodis ; 
fundere versus, orationem apud Cic. 
pro largiter vel abundanter praebere, 
componere felici quadam coraponendi 
promptitudine ; carmina edere ; ca- 
nere, poetae dicuntur carmina con- 
dentcs ; volumen efficere, condere ; 
Cic. Elaborare aliquid dignura char- 
tis ; condere poema, quod vulgus ver- 
sificari dicit j cudere ; excudere ; elu- 
ciibrare ; elaborare ; scribere librum ; 
confingere, pangere versus ; condere 
carmen ; componere, conficere, scribere, 
facere poema, versus, libros ; dedu- 
cere versus, Hor. Temporario ludere 

To CONCEAL, or keep secret and 
close ; celare, reticere, occultare, pre- 
mere ; aliquid celare, tegcre, abdere, 
silere, supprimere ; taciturnitate, silen- 
tio tegere, praeterire, taciturn, occuU 
tum, reconditum, tectum, obtectum, ta- 
cite habere ; taciturn quasi mysterium 
teuere j quasi secretum, arcanum, my- 



steria Cereris silentio supprimere. Ali- 
tur vitiuni vivitque tegendo. 

To Conceal secrets, or keep coun- 
sel ; aroana celare, continere audita ; 
non eti'erre, ptoferre furas. Taciturnus 
et .arcanorum tenax. Quicquid est, 
depone tutis auribus. Harpocirati dic- 
tum esse puta ; vel lapidcs citius lo- 
quentur. Libere dixeris, verba ^ine 
pennis erunt. Quod scio nescio. Oc- 
culte ferto, verbum faxis cave ; religio 
sit tibi dicere. Vide, cave ne quic- 
quam dixeris ; ne temere apud aliqueni 

He Conceals his fears; dissimulat 

Not to CoTscEAL any thing from 
you ; ne quid te celem. 

To Conceal one's grief; dolorem 

A CONCEIT, or fancy ; imagina- 

A Conceit, or opinion ; opinio, ex- 

' A Conceit, or jest; dicterium, le- 
pidura dictum. 

Pretty Conceits ; facetiae, sales, 

Idle Conceits ; nugaj, nugamenta, 

To Conceit a thing ; iraaginari, 
opinari, existimare. 

Conceited, or rt^ecferf ; afFectatus, 

Conceited, or fantastical ; cerebro- 
sus, ineptus. 

Conceited, or witty ; lepidus, di- 
sertus, facetus. 

Conceited of himself y or proud ; 
superbus, arrogans; Suffaenus ; (Suf- 
frenus was the name of a silly poet, who 
admired himself without desert, or ri- 

CoNCEiTEDNESS ; affcctatio. 

To be highly Conceited of himself, 
or self-conceittd ; nimium sibi piacere, 
altum sapere ; plus satis sibi piacere ac 
blandire ; immodicus aeslimator sui ; 
Curt. ; suo se modulo ac pede metiri ; 
prae se neminem ducere ; Cic. Nimi- 
um sibi ipsi tribuere, arrogare, assu- 
mere, piacere, applaudere, asseverare. 

I am not so self-Cov cuxted as to be- 
lieve ; non mihi tantum sumo, ut cre- 
dam; Cic. 

To CONCERN; spectare, perti- 
nere, ad. 

It Concerns J attinet ad; interest 
with a gen. 



A Concern ; res, negotium, cora- 

A thing of great Concern ; res 
Uiagni monienti. 

As Concerning me; quantum ad 

It Concerns not me, but you ; uTnil 
ad nie attiiiet, pertinet; sed lua unius 
refert. Quid ad me ? quid luihi ? nii- 
hi nee obest, nee prodest. Tibi vero 
et coiumodare plurimum et inconimo- 
dare potest., Mea omnino nihil refert, 
tua vera plurimum. Hoc ''mea nullam 
in partem interest, tua multuni. Mea 
res in hoc nulla, tua vero agitur maxi- 
ma. Hoc ad meas res momenti ni- 
hil, nullam vim babet, minimum valet, 
ad tuas valot, in omnes partes ; mul- 
tum habet ponderis. — Hoc ad te perti- 
net, Ole : sed quid agas, ad me perti- 
net, Ole, nihil, &c. ; Mart. Jam tua 
res agitur, non mea. 

What are you Concerned ? quid 
tua refert ? quid ad te ? 

To Concern himself in others' busi- 
ness; alienis rebus sese immiscere. 

My life and fortunes are Concern- 
ed ; agitur de capite, de fortunis meis. 

It very much Concerns us; per- 
niagni nostra interest ; Cic. 

They think it much Concerns you; 
magni lua interesse arbitrantur ; Cic. 

It very much Concerns; niul- 
tum refert ; Mart. Permultum in- 
terest ; Cic. 

It mainly Concerns them ; illis id 
maxime utile est; Ter. 

As if I were not as much Concern- 
ed in it as you; quasi isthic rtainus 
mea res agatur, quam tua. 

There is somewhat else that more 
nearly Concerns him; habet aliud 
magis ex sese, ac majus ; Ter. 

As to tr/iat Concerned the truce — ; 
quod ad inducias pertineret — ; Caes. 

That he should have so little care in 
so great a Concern ; tantamne rem 
tarn negligenter agere; Ter. 

It did not Concern M« ; nihil perti- 
nuit ad nos ; Cic. 

It Concerns not tJie others ; alte- 
ros non attingit ; Cic. 

As far as I am Concerned in it ; 
qUod ad me attinet ; Cic. 

The safety of the state is Con- 
cerned in it; salutis communis in- 
terest ; Cic. ' 

To have a Concern in the publit 


counsels; publicis consiliis interesse j 

You will Concern yourself in my 
sorrows ; incursabit in te dolor meus ; 

To take no Concern in a business ; 
ne digitum quidem porrigere in rem 
aliquam ; Cic 

They are a little careless of tlieir 
main Concerns; ab re sunt omissi- 
ores paulo ; Ter. 

He thinks not himself Concerned 
in it; a sealienum putat; Cic. 

Concerning ; de, prae[)., quod ad. 

So far as I understand the old man's 

mind Concerning the wedding ; 

quantum inteilexi senis sententiam de 

nuptiis ; Ter. 

Concerning Pomponia I would 
have you wHte ; quod ad Pompuniam 
scribas velim. 

As Concerning the man's accusing 
me, I am blameless; nam quod rac ' 
accusal nunc vir, sum extra noxiani. 

To CONCLUDE ; concludere ; fi- 
nem facere, ad exitum perducere. 

To Conclude, or determine; adju- 
dicare, decernere, decidere. 

To Conclude, or gather by reason; 
concludere, colligere, inferre, argu- 

To Conclude, or to make short, 
adv. ; denique ; quod superest ; quid 
multa ? 

To Conclude, or resolve with him- 
self; statuore, constituere. 

To Conclude, or dispatch; transi- 
gere, deliberare. 

To Conclude a speech; perorarc. 
Fiuem dicendi facere. Vela orationis 
contrahere, complicare. Orationem 
terminare, claudere, concludere. Ad 
calcem pei-venire. Orationi Colopho- 
nem addere ; finem slatuere, iraponere. 
Ut aliquid extreraum habeat oratio. 
Finierat — nee plura locutus. 

A Conclusion, or consequence 
drawn from somewhat going beftre ; 
cousequens, n. Collectio, corollari- 

A deceitful Conclusion ; paralo- 

The Conclusion of an oration; 

The Conclusion of a letter, S^c. ; 
extrema clausula. 

In Conclusion, i. e. tocionciude ; 
denique, in sumnia. 


In CoNCiusiON, i. e. ai last ; tan- 
dem, postremo, ad extremura. 

Tlie Conclusion, or end of the epis- 
tle ; conclusio epistolse. Finera scri- 
bendi faciam, si te priraum rogavero, 
ut lue diligas ; epistolae clausula haec 
erit, ut benevolentiam in me tuam abs 
te petam ; epistolam ita concludam ; 
ita finem faciam, imponam ; epistolje 
clausula h?ec erit, ut rogeiu ut me dili- 
gas, teque hortor ad illud studium, 
unde laus eroanat maxima. Cum otii 
paulumjiactus ero, uberiores a me lite- 
ras ex pec ta to. 

That at length cur speech, or dis- 
course, may be Concluded ; ut ali- 
quando nostra terminetur oratio. 

Those things which we have spoken 
of l>efore concerning virtue, let them 
have this Conclusion ; qua2 de viitute 
prasfali suraus habeant huuc termi- 

Let it not he tedious to you to Con- 
clude the work, which you have 
begun ; ne graveris exaedificare id opus 
quod instituisti. 

The nmtter was broiight to this 
Conclusion ; itum est in banc sen- 

I do not find how I shall Conclude 
this discourse; quemadmodum expe- 
fiiam ex itum bujus orationis non repe- 

Formulae qua;dam conclusionum : 

Nos modum aliquem et finem orati- 
oni noslrje facimus ; Cic. Sed ut extre- 
mura habeat aliquid oratio mea, ut ego 
ante dicendi finem faciam, quam vos 
jue attente audiendi, concludam illud 
de optimatibus, &c. ; Cic. Quibus de 
rebus pro Cluentii voluntate nimiura, 
pro reipub. dignitate parum, pro ves- 
tra prudentia satis dixisse videor; Cic. 
Tu religionis nutrix, reipub. mater, 
principum decus, subditorum solatium, 
felicissime(nollemdicere) vale. Domi- 
nus, &c. tuam clementiam diutissime 
incolumem servet, tibi adsit, te suo 
spiritu regat, et omni benedictionum 
genere cumulatissime ornet. Cesso 
longius pergere, quia in renumerandis 
beneficiis jejuna est verborum vicissi- 
tude. Pluribus verbis ad te scriberem, 
si aut tua humanitas longiorem oratio- 
nem expectaret, aut id ferre nostra ami- 
citia pateretur. Unde exorta est ut in 
eo terminetur oratio, &c. longius pro- 
^^^ gredior, &c. 
\!^m To CONDEMN; damnare, con- 




demnare, reum peragere ; reum senten* 
tiis, sufFragiis opprimere ; capitis dam- 
nare ; judicio condemnare; supplicio, 
morti addicere, adjudicare. Sonti, reo 
mortem denunciare, pronunciare. In 
aliquem judicium dare, judicium capi- 
tis constituere. Nigrum lapillum, cal- 
culum injicere. Nigram, tristem lite- 
ram apponere. Nigrum praefigere the- 

To Condemn, or disapprove ; im- 

To Condemn, or hlame ; repreben- 

To Condemn to death ; mortis sen- 
tentiam dicere, proferre, damnare rei 
capitalis, capite vel capitis ; mortis 
sententia damnare, extimae neci tra- 
dere ; capitali sententia damnari ; ju- 
dicum sententiis ad capitale supplicium 
condemnari ; capitalem accipere sen- 
tentiam ; nigris corvis damnare in es- 
cam. Nigrum praefigere theta ; nam 
theta, 0, praefigere, sumitur pro dam- 
nare, apud Persium : Et potis es vitio 
nigrum praefigere theta ; (quippe theta, 
0, apud Graecos prima litera est nomi- 
nis, ©dvaros, mors ;) nam nescio an 
debeamus Isidoro credere, qui primo 
etjmologiarum libro scribit ita mili^ari 
more solere fieri, ut >caesi 0, salvi, T, 
signarentur. Certe de hoc signo 0, "fit 
raentio etiam in Apocalypsi, quae beati 
Jobannis Evangelistae nomine legitur. 
Item Marcus Tullius pro Milone, sic 
■cribit ; Quod nisi vidisset posse absolvi 
eum qui fateretur, quum videret nos fa- 
teri,neque queriunquam jussisset, nee 
vos banc tarn salutarem in judicando 
literam : Quam illam tristem dedissetis. 
Tristem autem literam appellat theta, 
©, salutarem tau, T ; quod hac absol- 
veretur reus, ilia damnaretur: Livius 
dixit tristiorera notam. 

He pronounces sentence of death 
against him, and Condemns ftim to be 
hanged; capitis in ilium fert senten- 
tiam, et suspendio damnat. 

But he being conscious of the hein* 
ous fact, for which he' was Con- 
demned, j^^d away; sed is, audacis bu- 
jus facti sibi conscius, evolavit. 

To Condemn, i. e. to disapprove or 
disallow ; nigro lapillo, carbone notare. 

Who is more universally Con- 
demned than you? quiste daranatior? 

He Condemns such splendor and 
luxury; tantos damnat honores esse 
epulis. • 




A CONDITION, or state ; condi- 
tio, status. 

Condition, or rank and quality ; 
ordo, locus. 

Condition, or disposition; indoles, 
f., mores, pi. m. 

WdZ-CoNDiTioNED J bcnignus, cah- 
didus, bene moratus. 

/W-CoNDiTioNED J mslignus, im- 

A Condition, or covenant; lex, 

To accept of Conditions offered; 
ad alterius conditiones accedcre, de- 
scendere. Oblalam conditionem, con- 
ditiones datas non repudiare, detrec- 
tare ; accipere, libenter accipere, aequi 
bonique consulere. '■ 

A Condition in deed; conditio 

A Condition in law ; conditio im- 

To Condition ; pacisci, conditi- 
ones proponere. 

Conditional ; conditionalis. 

Conditional possession ; possessio 

On that Condition ; eo pacto, 
ut — ; Gell. Cum hac exceplione, 
si — ; Petron. Ea lege, conditione ; 
Ter. Cic. Sub ea conditioner ita — sij 
Plin. Lir. 

Slavish Conditions were imposed ; 
leges servitutis iraposilae sunt; Liv. . 

Were you in my Condition ; tu si 
hie sis J Ter. 

It is the Condition of the man ; 
sic est hie ; Ter. 

His Condition is much the better; 
CO est meliore conditione ; Cic. 

To he in a very poor Condition j 
paupertatem perferre gravem ; Ter. 

He always lived in a happy Condi- 
tion ; perpe tua felicitate usus est; Cic. 

Whilst things were in good Con- 
dition ; re Integra ; Cic. 

He was a sweet Conditioned old 
man ; erat in illo viro comitate condita 
gravitas ; Cic. 

They were bom with this Condi- 
TiOM ; hac lege generati sunt ; Cic. 

Troubled to see my brother in that 
Condition ; perturbatus ego habitu 
fratris ; Petron. 

To accept of a Condition; conditi- 
one uti ; Caes. 

Every one wishes to change his 
Condition ; optat ephippia bos piger, 
optat arare caballus ; Hor. 

/ consent to suffer death on Con- 


DiTTON that I may he permitted — / 

depacisci morte cupio, ut mihi liceat — j 

/ am in a desperate Condition ; 
ad restim mihi quidem res rediit pla- 

Conditionally ; sub conditione. 
So it is just, conditionally, if it be 
free and voluntary ; ita justum est si 
est voluntarium ; Cic. 

To CONDUCT; ducere, deducere. 

A Conduct ; ductus,-us, ra., auspi- 

Under Christ's Conduct ; Christo 
duce et auspice ; auspicio atque ductu 

A safe Conduct ; commeatus, sal- 
vus conductus, fides publica. 

To require safe Conduct ; fidem 
postulare publicam. 

Under the Conduct of Hippocles 
and Megasthenes; Hippocle et Me- 
gasthene ducibus ; Paterc. 

Conduct me to her; due me ad 

To grant safe Conduct ; fidem pub- 
licam dare ; Cic. 

To follow nature's Conduct ; na- 
turam ducem, naturee ductum sequi ; 

To Conduct the army from Greece ; 
exercituni a Graecia deducere, transpor- 

To cause to Conduct them to their 
own friends; curare deducendum ad 

Lest he should not Conduct the 
army two hundred miles nearer the 
city ; ne propius urbera milliapassuum 
ducentaexercitum admoveret. 

And he thought he must do that 
the sooner, before all the forces of An- 
tonius were gathered together and 
Conducted over^ and transported 
thither; idque sibi celerius faciendum 
existimavit, priusquam eo coliectze 
omnes Antonii copiae perducerenlur. 

They carry, or Conduct, all tlieir 
goods to the same place; sua omnia 
eodem conferunt. 

To CONFER, or bestow ; confeiire, 
dare, tribuere : to converse with ; 
colloqui ; consilia conferre, commis- 

To Confer honor upon any one ; 
alicui honorem accumulare. 

To CoyiF^n freedom; civitatem ali- 
cui largiri ; Cic. 

To CONFESS, own, or acknowledge ; 
confiteri, agnoscere ; ingenue, libenter. 


lihere fateri, profiteri, confiteri, agnos- 
cere, prae se ferre. Concedere. Non 
occultare, silere, suppriraere, dissirau- 
lare, negare, inficiari. Palam, aperte, 
coram ortinibus pradicare, dictitare, re- 
cognoscere. Factum non nego. Hoc 
mea culpa fateor factum. 

To ConTBSs freely ; fateri, profiteri. 

A Confessing, or confession j con- 
fe6«io, agnitio. 

A Confessing, or open acknow' 
ledffement of a thing ; professio. 

It is Confessed ; in confesso est. 

Let him freely and ingenuously Con- 
fess his ignorance ; inscitiam suam li- 
bere et ingenue recognoscat. 

They shall be forced to Confess, 
though much against their will ; vel 
invitissime cogentar agnoscere. 

This crime I would Confess or ac- 
knowledge ; hoc crimen agnoscerem, 

To ConTESs one*s faults or sins; de- 
licta, peccata, errata, libere confiteri, 
agnoscere, aperire, deteggre ; consci- 
entiam detegere ; mentis vulnera ape- 
rire ; secreta pectoris pandere ; vetus 
peccatorum ferraentum expurgare ; con- 
scientiam peccatis exonerare, levare; 
de peccato fateri, confiteri. 

To CONFIDE; fidere, confidere, 
credere ; fidem habere. 

To Confide in their valor for safe- 
ty ; omnem spem salutis in virtute po- 

/ Confide in you; ego me tuae 
committo et comraendo fidei. 

Confidence ; fides, fiducia. 

He puts great Confidence in you ; 
tibi maxiraam fidem rerum suarum ha- 

To have a share in a person* s Con- 
fidence ; versari in alicujus famiiiari- 

He is their chief Confident j eo- 
rum intiraus est consiliis. 

What I do is through the Confi- 
dence / repose in you; quicquid hujus 
facio, tui fiducia facio. 

To CONFIRM, or strengthen ; con- 
firmare, stabilire, corroborare : to ra- 
tify ; approbare, comprobare, ratum 

Your letter Confirmed what I was 
told by your messenger ; epistola tua 
puero fidem adhibuit.; Cic. 

To Confirm any thing by reason 
and argument; confirmare aliquid rati- 
i>iubu8 et argumentis ; Cic. 



To CONFISCATE one's goods, or 
to make forfeit; confiscare, publicare, 
addicere in publicum, in jerarium re- 
digere ; alicujus bona, facultates, for- 
tunas proscribere, publicare ; in regium 
fiscum redigere ; auctione constituta 
vendere; sub praecone, sub voce prae- 
conis subjicere ; agros, praedia in publi- 
cum committere, addicere ; bona om- 
nia publice possidenda inyadere; in 
jerarium publicum tradere. Cessere 
fisco bona. 

A buyer of goods Confiscated ; 
sector, m., -trix, f., verb, a seco, vel 
sequor ; Cic. Sectores autem dicuntur - 
et qui secant, et qui empta sua perse- 
quuntur ; Fest. 

He took care Ihat their goods should 
not be Confiscated ; curavit ne illo- 
rum bona fisco cederent. 

/ think that his goods should be 
Confiscated j bona ejus censeo pub- 
lice possidenda; Cic. 

Having found out their titles, they 
Confiscated all their riches; repertig 
titulis, opes eorum cuuctas in principis 
fiscnm convertebant. 

CONFUSED, or mixed together; 
confusus, promiscuus, indistinctus. 

Confused, or out of order; incon- 
ditus, rudis, perturbatus. 

A Confused heap ; caecus acervus ; 
chaos antiquum, viz. rudis indigestaque 
moles ; Ovid. 

A Confused cry ; dissonus clamor. 

A Confused piece of work ; tuibu- 
lentum negotium. 

Confusedly, or disorderly ; confu- 
se, promiscue, permiste, mixtim, in- 

Confusion, or disorder ; confusio, 

Confusion, or shams ; pudor, con- 

Confusion, or destruction; per- 

The Confusion of the common- 
wealth ; labes reipublicae. 

To put or bring to Confusion ; 
confundere, perdere. 

It is a Confused, vain, and idle 
business ; you seek a needle in a bottle 
of hay ; frustra quaeris acum in acere, 
in acula. 

A Confused hotch-potch or galli- 
maufry ; farrago qusedam. 

A m^re Confused rhapsody stitched 
up of — , ^c; multos in illam purpu- 
ram pannos insutos video. 



A Confused jumbling of things to- 
gether ; arena sine calce. 

It is so Confused, a man cannot teU 
which is which; assumenta, promis- 
cua, inordinata omnia. 

He is Confused ; he has lost him- 
self in a wood ; totus est in sylva. 

To CONFUTE, or disprove a thing ; 
confutare, refutare, refellere. 

To Confute, or convince a person ; 
convincere, redarguere, labefactare. 

To Confute an objection; amoliri, 
diluere, revincere. 

To Confute, or overthrow an argu- 
ment ; infirraare, enertare, convellere. 

To Confute, or baffie a slander ; 
contundere calumniam. 

To Confute, or disprove by argu- 
ment; alicujus sententiam, opinioneni, 
verborum gravitate, oratione gravitatis 
plena, disputatione nervosa reprehen- 
dere, reprobare, rejicere, minuere, co- 
arguere, expugnare. Subtilitate dicen- 
di irretire, disputatione laqueis con- 
strictum, irretitum tenere adversarium, 
argumentorum copia obtueri ; rationi- 
bus, argumentis validis, efficacibus ever- 
tere, labefactare, verberare, percellere, 
cogere, figere, fandere, jugulare, con- 
stringere, mutum et elinguem reddere. 
Argumentis agere, et signis omni luce 
darioribus refellere. 

They have Confute© your blasphe- 
mies; tibi 03 plenum blasphemiae ob- 

They have accurately Confuted all 
the strength of your arguments ; ner- 
vos argumentorum tuorum oranes elu- 
serunt, et argute te refellerunt. 

This Confutes the man pitifully ; 
hoc male, raisere, torquet virum. 

That speech, or discourse. Confutes 
you, 01' touches you to the quick ; haec 
te macerat, haec te cruentat oratio. 

Btk our Stoical philosophers will 
cunningly Confute and perplex you, 
by the intricacies of their arguments 
and questions; Stoici vero nostri, sua- 
Tum disputationum interrogationumque 
laqueis, te irretitum tenebunt. 

To kill with a leaden swm-d, i. e. to 
Co^FVTE with a trifling ^and dull ar- 
gument; plumbeo gladio jugulare, i. e., 
futili argumento devincere. 

To Confute one unanswerably; 
irrefragabilibus rationibus aliqueni per- 

To Confute one with strength, and 
abundance of arguments; argumento- 


rum v5, copia aliquem obruere, ener* 

To be Confuted ; argumentis pre- 
mi, opprirai j teslimouiis certissimis, ve- 
rissiniis, evidentissimis astringi. 

To CONGRAIULATE, or rejoice 
with one, for his good success or for- 
tune ; cougratuiari ; dignitatem, victo- 
riam, prosperas res ainico, de dignitate, 
pro dignitate amici gratulari, congratu- 
lari amico, quam sibi grata sit amici 
gloria, quam sibi accepta sit dignitas, 
gaudio, lajtitia summa tesfari, indicare, 
proliteri. Honoribus, prosperis rebus 
amici non minus lartari quam suis ; 
aeque gaudere ac suis. Ex amici bene 
gesta re, non rainorem volupiatem ca- 
pere quam ex sua. Omnes omnia bona 
dicere, et laudare fortunam meam qui 
baberem, &c. 

To Congratulate your safe re- 
turn ; salvum, incolumera, sospitem 
adveuisse, rediisse te gaudeo, lastor, vo- 
luptati est mihi ; salutem et incolurai- 
tatem redeunti, felicem reditum vehe- 
raeuter tibi gratulor. Quod vivum va- 
lentemque 4e recipiamus, est cur mag- 
nopere laetemur. Magno est amicis 
gaudio tuus reditus. 

To CONGREGATE, or gather to- 
gether; coDgregare. 

A Congregation, an assembly or 
great company of people ; congregatio, 
coetus, multitudo, frequentia, turba^ # 
concio, comitium, populi coacervatio ; 
conventiculum j sed id in malum fre- 
quentius sumitur, pro conventu scelerar 
torum et flagitiosorum. 

To CONJECTURE ; conjicere, con- 
jectare, augurare, hariolari, conjecturam 
facere, divinare, conjectura prospicete, 

A Conjecture ; conjectura, augu- 
rium, omen, praesagium, 

A Conjecturing ; conjectio, con- 
jectatio, auguratio, divinatio. 

Men Conjecture by this ; ex hac 
re conjectura ducitur. 

To guess or Conjecture ingeni- 
ously ; acute, belle conjicere. 

/ Conjecture that; id mihi sub- 

To Conjecture the inclination cf 
another ; ingenium alterius assequi. 

To Conjecture of all the rest by 
one ; ex uno de caeteris conjecturam 

The thing is not easily, rashly, or 
groundlessly, believed, or CoNj^ic* 


TVitKD ; non teraere creditur, nee levi 
conjectura res peiiditur ; Cic. 

/ am <\fraid I Conjecture some- 
what amiss ; vereor ne non nihil con- 
jectura aberrera. 

/ can only guess and Conjecture ; 
tanturomodo conjectura colligere pos- 
sum ; Quint. 

As far, or, as much as I Con- 
jecture ; quantum opinione, conjec- 
tura auguror, aspicio, consequor, pro- 
spicio, pratsagio, suboleo, assequor. 

/ could not so much as guess at, or 
Conjecture, his resolution; suspici- 
one assequi non potui illius consilium. 

To guess or Conjecture at any 
thing; conjectura quidpiam judicare, 
persequi, trahere, assequi ; conjectura 
rem perpendere, percipere ; de aliqua 
le aliquid hariolari ; prope accedere con- 

CONJUNCTURE ; temporis ratio ; 
rerum status, concursus. 

In this Conjuncture j rebus sic 

He had regard to the Conjuncture 
of affairs at that time; rationera habuit 
teniporum illorum. 

To CONQUER ; vincere, superare, 
domare, subigcre, expugnare, debella- 
re ; in ditionem redigere. 

To Conquer one's temper ; frangere 

The CONSCIENCE; conscientia, 

A tender Conscience ; scrupulosa 

To be troubled in Conscience ; 
conscientiae malas, raordacis, mentis 
male sibi consciae, desperati animi sti- 
mulis acribus, acerbissimis pungi, agi- 
tari, graviter excruciari, divexari ; acu- 
leis perpetuis stimulari, exulcerari. Ex 
reatu peccatorum, ex conscientia scele- 
rum, turbulentissimis terrorum procellis 
perturbari ; furiarum facibus, taedis ar- 
dentibus terreri, torreri. Sceleratae men- 
tis carnificinam pati ; intemperiis agi. 
Sensu, conscientia peccatorum, inalefi- 
ciorum exhorrescere, vexari, morderi, 
angi, opprimi, obrui ; in magna per- 
turbatione animi esse. Memoria cri- 
minum torqueri. Angore conscientiae 
€t cruciatu tanquam domesticis furiis 
assidue vexari, agitari. Surdo verbere 

Intake a Conscience 0/ doing- it; 
religio etit facere. 



To discharge his Conscience ; libe- 
rare animam. 

To have a burdened, or a gnawing 
Conscience ; habere conscientiam mil- 
le peccatorum morsibus quasi stimulis 
vulneratara. Perpetuis agitari raor- 
dacis conscientiae stimulis, quod 
vulgo dicitur, Remorsum habere con- 
scientiae ; pondere conscientiae premi. 
Mors et judicium quoque dicuntur 
pectora turbulentissimis terrorum pro- 
cellis perturbare, acerrimis anxietatum 
arietibus quatere, oppugnare, patrati sce- 
leris ream conscientiam validissimo ari- 
ete concutere. Infestissimus conscien- 
tiae remorsus. Conscientiae camificina, 
remorsus perpetuus, surdum verber. 
Conscientia exuloerata, scelerum raul- 
titudine exagitata, impiosque urgens ; 
malefacti conscientia. Nocte dieque 
suum gestans in pectore testem ; Juven. 
Foeda scelerum collnvie temerata con- 
scientia. Alecto, Nemesis, faces sce- 
lerosis immittens, malorum conscientiam 
surdo verbere caedens, ut est apud Ju- 
venalem, et perpetuis stimulis sollici- 
tans animum, verraeque nunquam mori- 
turo rodens. AfBictae conscientiae quis 
esse dicitur, quem reatus malae consci- 
entiaa exagitat, apud quem relinquit 
vestigia poenitudinis remordentis con- 
scientiae. Vermis conscientiae, qui nun- 
quam moritur. 

A good Conscience ; coi mens quie- 
ta, pacata, placida, optime sibi con- 
scia ; instar perpetui, assidui convivii 
est ; nullius sceleris conscientia terre- 
tur, perturbatur. Cui conscientia sua 
non obloquitur. Conscia mens recti 
famae mendacia ridet. Hie mums ahe- 
nus esto, Nil conscire sibi, nulla palles- 
cere culpa. 

For hitherto I have kept a good 
Conscience; nam adhuc optime mihi 
conscius sum. 

/ am supported by my clear Con- 
science; conscientia igitur praeclara 

/ have t&ritten those things more 
freely to you, being constrained thereto 
by the Conscience of my duty; ha;c 
ad te scripsi liberius, fractus conscien- 
tia ofRcii mei. 

The sting of the Conscience re- 
mains qfter the deed done ; poena con- 
scientiae remanet post factum. 

The grief and vexation of Con- 
science torments the vAcked ; anger 



et solicitudo conscientis vexat impro- 
bos ; Cic. 

The Conscience of your mischie- 
vous actions torments you ; teconscien- 
tia stimulat maleficiorum. 

Whithersoever you turn yourself, 
themischiefs you have done, like Furies, 
so stare you in the face, that your 
Conscience of them does^ not suffer you 
to breathe ; quocumque aspexisti, ut 
Furiaj, sic tuae tibi occurrunt injurise, ut 
earum conscientia te respirare non si- 
nat ; Cic. 

Who, unless he had long since made 
shipwreckfUnd wasted his Conscience, 
would never — , Sfc; qui, nisi conscientiae 
suee naufragium jaradudum fecisset, 
earaque plane devastasset, nunquaui — , 


The Conscience of every one's wick- 
edness tortures him ; suum quemque 
scelus agitat, amentiaque afficit. 

The mind is overwhelmed and trou- 
bled by the Conscience ; impeditur 
et oppiimitur mens conscientia ; Cic. 

The bold fellow, being convinced in 
his Conscience of his villany, was 
silent '; homo andacissiraus conscientia 
convictus, facti sui conscientia percitus, 

To be tortured by Conscience for 
villanies perpetrated ; scelerum fuiiis 
agitari, rapi, torqueri, terreri, vexari» 
pungi. Whaty at length, can his mind 
now be, in the conscience a7id acknow- 
ledgement of these his villanies? qui 
tandem istius animus esse potest nunc 
in recognitione scelerum suorum ? 

Conscionable, or conscientious j re- 

Conscionable or reasonable; as- 

Conscious, or guilty ; conscins. 

To charge his Conscience ; aliquid 
religioni habere. 

When you endeavoured so straitly to 
charge my Conscience; cum tu me 
tanta religione perstringere conatus sis. 

To spoil his joviality with the Con- 
science, and remembrance of blood 
shed by him ; recordatione efFusi san- 
guinis laetitiam suam contaminare. 

If so great happiness of yours be not 
marred or tainted by any stain of 
Conscience ; si tanta tua felicitas 
nulla quasi labefactetur labe conscien- 

Driven to despair by the . stings of 


an evil Conscience ; conscientia see' 
lerara exagitatus. 

To CONSECRATE, or appoint to di- 
vine or holy use ; sacrare, consecrare, 
dicare, dedicare. Deo addicere, tra- 
dere, dedere, donare, vovere. Sacris, 
usui sacro, divino, cultui divino desti- 
nare, addicere. Ab usu communi, pro- 
fano, humano eximere ; religione et 
sacris devovere, consecrare quid. In 
Dei peculium referre, reponere. Deo 
propriuiM dicare, sanctum vovere. 

To CONSENT, or a^ree together , 
consentire, conspirare, congruere, con- 
venire, concordare. 

To Con SENT, or give consent to one; 
assentire, accedere, acclinare, astipu- 

/Consent to it ; accipio, approbo. 

To Consent to a request ; induigere, 
concedere, annuere. 

To give his Consent ; assensum 
praebere ; assentiri. 

To get one's Consent j impetrare 
veniam, exorare. 

Against my Consent ; me invito. 

Without my Consent j me incon- 
sulto, inscJo. 

Of one Consent or mind ; unanl- 
mus, unanimis, adj. 

With one Consent ; unanimiter. 

Consentaneous or agreeable ; con- 
sentaneus, congruus. 

Consentient, or consenting : con- 

A Const NT in opinions; we are 
both of one mind or opinion ; consensus 
opinionum. Conjunctum est meuni 
consilium cum tiio ; consentiunt, con- 
cinunt sententiae nostrfa; nihil a tua 
nijea distat, dissentit, discrepat opinio ; 
idem sentimiis ; a tuo judicio raea sen- 
tentia non abhorret ; idem sequimur; 
ideitl est utriusque sensus ; congruit 
cum opinione tua sententia mea ; dis- 
sensio inter nos nulla est, dissensionis 
aut controversiai nihil ; convenit inter 

The Consent, or opinion of all men 
in a matter; idem omnium in re judi- 
cium. Communi sensu, consensione 
omnium; omnium judicio, approbatione, 
sententia; consenlientibus cunctis horai- 
nibus, approbantibus ; nemine prorsiis 
dissentiente ; nulla cujusquam di-cre- 
pante sententia ; acta res est, gesta, ad- 
ministrata ; ineare geronda omnes con- 
senserunt ; consensus omnium par et 


idem fuit; orones omnium sententiae 
convenerunt ; nemo dissensit ; sententia- 
rum varietas nulla fuit ; dissimilitudo 
voluntatum, aut opinionura nulla pror- 
sus extitit ; sensu diverso nemo fuit ; 
omnes omnium voluntates, opiniones, 
sententias, judicia congruerunt. 

To Consent or approve with others ; 
digitum tollere ; raanura toUere ; quod 
hodie qiioque suffragan tis et annuentis 
sjgnura est. EtFlavius Vopiscus scribit ; 
olira etiam porrectione nianuum senten- 
tia coniprobabatur. Album calculum 
addere ; pro, approbate, subinde legi- 
mus apud doctos ; inde suraptum quod 
antiquitus missis in urnam caiculis, ita 
ferebantur a judicibus sententiae, ut al- 
bis absolverent, et nigris damnarent; 
qui si forte fortuna fuissent aequales, 
tamen liberabatur reus. Et sic etiam, 
crefa notare, dicebatur, pro eo quod 
est, approbate ; et carbone notare, pro 
damnare : unde apud Pers. Satir. 5. 
Quaeque sequenda forent et quae vitan- 
da vicissim, Ilia prius Creta, mox h^c 
carbone notasli. 

You and I Consent about these 
things; hac mihi tecum conveniunt. 

IJyou also will Consent to my opi- 
nion ; si tu quoque me2e sententise ma- 
num porriges. 

To Consent wholly to any one's 
opinion ; toto corpore, manibus pedi- 
busque in sententiara alicujus discedere. 

With the king's Consent ; non in- 
vito rege. 

A CONSEQUENCE, or inference ; 
illatio, argumentatio, consequentia. 

A Consequence, or importance; 
utilitas, eraolumentum, commodum, 

A matter of great Consequence ; 
res est non levis, magni, permagni, 
maximi niomenti et ponderis ; multaa 
cogitationis et diligentiae. Non exigui 
ponderis negotium ; non levis, non mini- 
mi momenti ; diligentissime providen- 
dum est. Res grandis admodum, gravis 
et seria, expectationis niagnaj, summae, 
nuUo modo contemnenda. Causa illus- 
tris et praeclara. Pluriraum, infinitum ad 
omnia momentum est in hoc posituui. 
Res ejusmodi, a qua maxima pendent 
rerum gravissimarum momenta, cui 
publicas rei salus nititur, quae non me- 
diocre habet pond us, magnum affert 
pondus, cui gravitatis ponderisquemuU 
tum inest. 

A thing of no Consequence ; res 



nauci, nihili ; rejicul^ res. 

To CONSIDER, or think upon ; con- 
siderare, cogitare, expendere, raedita- 
ri ; agitare animo ; rem animo diligen- 
ter, attente, accurate expendere, con- 
siderare, volvere, agitare, pertrahere, 
contemplari, lustrari, librare, trutinare, 
ffistimare, metiri,intueri, versare, ponde- 
rare, cum animo suo reputare, volvere, 
in animo secum, secum animo volutarci 
diu multuraque animo evolvere ; apud 
se ultro citroque agere ; acrius et atten- 
tins, etiam atque etiam, veris rationibus 
expendere, studiose meditari, sumjno 
studio pensitare, ad rationem revocare : 
altius commentari, ruminare, perlus- 
trare, perscrutari, perspicere : solicite, 
attentius secum cogitare ; in animi pe- 
netralibus perpendere, examinare, ob- 
servare : spectare penitus, excuttre, 
mentis acie despicere, propius intueri, 
suo momento, judicio gravi tanquam 
trutina ponderare. De re toto pectore 
cogitare, deliberare. Animum adver- 
tere, et in aliqua re cogitationes omnes 
altius defigere, acrius intendere ; in rei 
contemplatione studiose versari, solicite 
morari, haerere, babitare. — Tacita per- 
volvere mente. — Partes animum versa- 
bat in omnes. Sub pectore volvit. Se- 
cum ita corde volutat. — Caecosque vo- 
lutat eventus animo secum. Mente, 
animo metiri, versare, agitare. Animo 
mecura ante peregi. — Hue illuc diver- 
sa mente volutat. 

To Consider, or take notice of; 
animadvertere, observare. 

To Consider or look about him; 
dispicere, providere. 

To Consider a thing thoroughly ; 
reputare, recognoscere, perpendere, per- 
tractare, pensitare. 

To Consider ot'er and over; etiam 
atque etiam cogitare. 

To Consider beforehand ; praeme- 
ditari ; pntcav ere, cavere ante. 

To Consider, or remember a thing ; 
in niemoria habere. 

To Consider, or requite one; remu- 
nerari, gratias referre, reponere. 

To Consider, or regard one ; ra- 
tionem alicujus habere. 

Not to Consider one ; s'usque deque 
facerc, nihil pensi habere. 

Consider whether you will, or — ; 
vide utrum vis, an — ; Ter, 

Consider whether this be not all 
for me ; vide ne hoc totum sit a me j 



Consider whether in your thoughts 
we have done our duty ; dispice num 
peractas putes partes nostras j Pi in. 

He desired a night's time to Consi- 
der of it ; noctem sibi ad deliberandum 
desideravit ; Cic. 

Do not Consider how much — ; Noli 
spectare quanti — ; Cic. Qu. 

Consider which may be said to — ; 
considera quis dicatur — ; Cic, 

Consider again and again^ or over 
and over; etiamatque etiamcogitajTer. 

Jfe /ia« Considered rightly of it ; 
earn secum rem reeta reputavit via j 

You Consider not what you ask of 
me ; non, quid me ores, cogitas ; Ter. 

We must have longer time to Con- 
sider. ; araplius cognoscendum. 

It is to be Considered of; in deli- 
berationem cadit ; Cic. 

To take time to Consider ; adhibere 
ad considerandas res tempusj Cic. 

It must be Considered ; videndum 
eet; Cic, 

Consider this ; take this into con- 
sideration ; delibera hoc ; hoc tu facito 
cum anirao cogites ; Ter, 

Considering what servants are; ut 
captiis est servorum ; Ter. 

/wiW Consider of it qfterwards ; 
post consulam ; Ter, 

If you Consider what a man he 
was ; si qui vir fuerit consideratis ; Cic. 

We Tnust Consider well; ponde- 
randum est ; Cic. 

To Consider the danger one is in ; 
habere rationem periculi sui ; Caes. 

To Consider seriously, to meditate^ 
or study ; colligere se, animuni inten- 
dere, meditari accuratius, diligentius, 
animadvertere, considerare cum animo 
suo, versare in anirao, diligenter animo 
tractare, agitare animo diligenter, stu- 
diose cogitare ; intento aliquid animo 
intueri, attentius examinare, perpendere, 
ponderare. Applicare animum, animo 
revolvere, ingenium intendere,reputare 
apud se, vel in animo suo. 

To Consider attentively, or to hear 
considerately ; esse auribus purgatis ; 
arrectas advertere aures; intentis, ar- 
rectis stare auribus ; auseuitare auribus 
arrectis, purgatis ; vigiles monitis ad- 
vertere raentes ; considerate meditari ; 
Plaut, Anirao suo aliquid affligere ; 
studiosius in aliquid inquirere ; ad cal- 
culos consilii aliquid revocare. 

He justly Considers affairs; jus- 


tU8 est rerum existimator. 

He Considers or cares nothing 
which way he increases his potoer ; 
quocunque modo potentiara suam au- 
geret, nihil pensi habet. 

Consider seriously the youth of 
him, and the age of this poor wretched 
man ; proponite vobis hujus adolescen- 
tiam, construite vobis anteoculosbujus 
miseri senectutem. 

But I Consider especially the honor 
of the commonwealth ; sed mihi obver- 
satur ante oculos reipublicee dignitas. 

Consider this matter; propone 
oculis tuis banc rem. 

Let us Consider virtue by the 
course of life, not by the imprudence 
of words; virtu tem ex consuetudine 
vitae interpretemur, non ex verborum 
imprudentia metiamur. 

/ have seriously Considered a/i my 
own affairs ; rationibus omnibus sub- 
ductis summam feci cogitationum mea- 
rura ; Cic. 

To Consider seriously any one's 
manners; alicujus mores penitus per- 

They little Consider those things 
which are clear of themselves ; parum 
defigunt animos et intendunt in ea 
quaa perspicua sunt. 

Consider seriously your ouminind; 
tute introspice in mentem tuam ; Cic. 

When you Consider the greut 
glory of your grandfather ; quvm in 
avi tui summam glorianj intueris. 

Which beholding, and seriously 
Considering, S^c. ; quam intuens, in 
eaque defixus, &c. 

To Consider, direct, compare, or 
square all his actions, with or by the 
perfect rule of wisdom and virtue ; om- 
nes actiones suas ad perfectam sapien- 
tiaa virtutisque normam dirigere ; ad 
perfectam prudentiae normam exigeje. 

Consider with yourself ; tecum lo- 
quere ; te adhibe in consilium. 

Consider the matter by truthitse\f ; 
ex veritate ipsa causam aeslimate, pen- 

He Considered seriously his own 
nature ; acrem se naturae suae judi^em 

To Consider the doings of others 
by the old rule of religion; aliorum 
facta ad antiquam religionis rationem 

When I began to Consider the real 
truth of the matter ; cum, ad rei ip- 


siu8 veritatem, cocpi rcvocare ratio- 

/ beseech you Consider of these; 
de his rogo ut cogjtationem suscipia- 

Set your mind on this, and Consi- 
der t^ deeply ; hue animum adverte, 
in eoque cogitatiunes oiuues altius de- 

CoNSTBER with yourselves what the 
change of fortune may be; inite con- 
silio ciim aniniis vestris, qua et qualis 
possit esse fortunae vicissitudo. 

When I had Considered these 
things often ; cum hasc apud me ultro 
cilroque egissem. 

To Consider of a hundred things 
in one night; infinitas nationes nocte 
unica peragrare. 

Turn yourself, I beseech you, and 
Consider your forefathers ; flecte te, 
quaeso, et majores tuos respice. 

/, liaving Considered yoiir natural 
inclination, Sfc; ego, habita tui inge- 
uii ratione. 

To do nothing without serious and 
attentive counsel and Consideration ; 
nihil sine deliberatione, susceptoque 
consilio, tentare, attentare, moliri, com- 

But when you have Considered all 
things; sed cum omnia ratione ani- 
moque lustraveris. 

To Consider long about any thing; 
dia multumque aliquid in animo voi- 
vere, versare. 

Consider a little while in your 
minds; circuraspicite paulisper cum 
jneatibus vestris. 

/ Consider your advantage and 
credit ; loto animo de tuis commodis 
optimis ornamentisque cogito, haeret 
assidua cogitatio. 

Consider what place you are in; 
cogita quo loco sis. 

To Consider many things ; animo 
et cogitatione multa percurrere ; Cic. 

Consider those things which I am 
about to say; quae dicam animis adver- 
lite vestris ; animis accipite dicta ; 

To Consider any thing by reason, 
as the best rule; cinn ratione, tanquam 
aequissima lance, aliquid sestimare, per- 

Consider in the mean time in your 
most intimate thoughts; m animi pe- 
netralibus vos interim vobiscum per* 



/ have many great and weighty af' 
fairs to Consider of; versantur in 
animo meo multae et graves cogita- 
tio nes". 

Which cause when it was Consi- 
dered JMdicia%, it was decreed, ^c. ; 
quae causa cum in. judicio esset venti- 
lata, decretum est, Occ. 

Not to Consider of any thing; a 
cogitatione rei ajicujus mentem abdu- 
cere, traducere, dimittere cogitationem 
rei alicujus. 

They should lay aside anger, and set 
their minds to Consider the truth ; 
avertere debent ab ira animos, ad veri 
cognitionem cogitationemque. 

Consider that matter with all your 
prudence ; in hanc rem, de hac re, cx- 
cutite intelligentias omnes. 

If we would Consider all ages 
from the beginning of the world; si 
omnem aetatem ab orbe condito animis 

They were furnished with more 
weighty Considerations j cogitatio- 
nibus pressioribus erant instruct!. 

If you would Consider in your 
mind, taking reason for your counsel 
and rule; si considerare animo cum 
tuo, adhibita in consilium ratione, vo- 

I will call a counsel in my breast, to 
Consider of that affair ; de hac re se- 
natum convocabo in corde consiliarium. 

/ would advise you seriously to Con- 
sider wliat you should chiejiy chodse; 
monerem circumferres oculos ac diu 
pensitares quid potissimum eligeres. 

In Considering any thing, he is 
as serious f as others are negligent; 
in re aliqua perpendenda, is intra &e 
tantum est, quantum alii extra se. 

When he had leisure to CoNsiD«tt 
tcith himself what he had done; cum 
in otio facinus suum secum reputaret j 

Behold, how he statids Consider- 
ing ; illuc sis vide, quemadmodum 
astat, severa fronte, curas cogitans, pec- 
tus digitis pulsans, cor credo evocatu- 
rus est foras. 

Wlwsoever will Consider these 
things well and judiciously, cannot but 
acknowledge, Sfc. ; quisquis haec recta 
mentis trutina, et exacto judicii libra- 
mine, expenderet ; is non potest non 
fateri, &c. ^ 

Considerable ; notatu dignus, mU 
nime vulgaris^ 



A Considerable person; vlr exi- 
mius, non infimai notte homo. 

A Considerable thing ; res non 
parva, magni raomenti res. 

A Considerable estate ; opes am- 

Considerate, or discreet; pru- 
dens, provideus, catus. 

Considerately, or odrised/y; con- 
siderate, consulto, cogitate, pensicii- 

Considerateness J prudentia, cau- 
tio, cautela. 

Consideration, or ftefftinfeing' one's 
«<//; consideratio, animadversio, cogU 
tatio, raeditatio, dispicientia. 

Consideration, or reason moving ; 
ratio, causa irapellens. Upon what 
consideration ? quo nomine ? qua gra- 
tia ? quamobrem ? qua de causa ? 

Upon this Consideration j ea 

For many Considerations ; mul- 
tis nominibus. 

Consideration, or regard ; respec- 
tus, ratio. 

To have Consideration 6f one; 
consulere alicui. 

Without any Consideration, 
adj. ; homo inconsideratus, incogitans ; 
adv. ; inconsiderate, teraere. 

Consideration, or requital ; re- 
muneratio, compensatio. 

Considering, or considering that, 
i. e. whereas ; quum, quoniam, quan- 

To weigh and Consider well, what 
is what ; ad rationis stateram expen- 

The more I Consider, the more I 
may ; quanto raagis magisque cogito. 

Consider, I pray ; jamillud expen- 
<le, perpende ; He jmpetu magis quam 
consilio feraris. 

If you Consider all things well ; 
expensa rerum omnium surama, nostra 
potior est, quam illorum conditio. 

A hare-brained fellow, without any 
Consideration- ; homo • prsecipitis 
plane consiiii. 

When^ I weigh and Consider all 
things, this is most weighty ; ista co- 
minus inspicienti, ratio praeponderat. 

When I seriously Consider ; at 

mihi quidera attentius isthaec cogitanti. 

Consider weU of the matter ; rem 

ipsaui, ut habet, expende serio ; pen- 

«iore examine. 

The more I Consider qf if, this 


seems best ; quo propius intueor, hoc5 
mihi videre videor eligibilius. 

/ leave it to wise men to determine 
and Consider ; dijudicandum horai- 
nibus sanae mentis reiinquo. 

^we seriously Consider and W£igh 
all circumstances ; eniiuvero si res ip- 
sa ponderibus suis et momentis recte 

If we Consider well, and lay titese 
in an equal scale ; sibi ante oculos pro- 
ponantj si rem omnem aequa judicii 
lance ponderemus. 

To act Considerately ; pruden- 
tissime, diligentissime mente revolvere. 
To CONSPIRE ; conspirare, conju- 

To Conspire, or agree together ; 
conseutire in unum, mutuas operas tra- 

-4 Conspiracy J conspiratio, conju- 

A Conspirator ; conspirator, con- 
jurator, conjuratus. 

To Conspire against one; in alicu* 
jus exitium, necem, perniciem conspi- 
rare, conjurare, incurabere. Alicujus 
sanguini, vitae, saluti, conjunctis, cora- 
munibus consiliis .insidiari, insidias, 
laqueos ponere, tendere, inlendere. 
Contra aliquem inire, capere consiliura 
sceleris plenum. Contra salutem alte- 
rius nefario foedere, pactione se ob- 
stringere : agere inter se clanculum